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Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT for the Year Ended… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1963

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 Minister of Mines and
Petroleum Resources
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
for the Year Ended December 31
1961
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1962
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. W. K. Kiernan, Minister.
P. J. Mulcahy, Deputy Minister.
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector of Mines.
S. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
Hartley Sargent, Chief, Miner-alogical Branch.
K. B. Blakey, Chief Gold Commissioner and Chief Commissioner,
Petroleum and Natural Gas.
J. D. Lineham, Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch.
 Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mineral Industry of the Province for the year 1961
is herewith respectfully submitted.
W. K. KIERNAN,
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources Office,
March 31,1962.
 Herbert Pearson, mining statistician from 1928 to 1961, died in
Victoria on January 15, 1962. He was born in Cheshire, England, in
1896, and served in the Royal Navy from November, 1914, until he was
invalided out in 1919. He joined the staff of the Department of Mines
in 1921 and became mining statistician in 1928. In 1939 he was transferred to the Bureau of Economics and Statistics and remained the officer
responsible for collecting and compiling British Columbia mineral statistics until his retirement on August 31, 1961. He was Acting Director
of the Bureau of Economics and Statistics during 1942-43, and thereafter
until 1955 was Office Manager.
In his capacity as mining statistician he had frequent contacts with
many of the office men in mining companies, and with the staff of the
Department of Mines.
From 1915 until hospitalized in 1918, Mr. Pearson served on H.M.S.
" Collingwood " in the Atlantic and North Sea areas. That period included the Battle of Jutland. During the 1939 visit of the late King
George VI and Queen Elizabeth, Mr. Pearson was presented to His
Majesty, who was also on H.M.S. " Collingwood " at the Jutland action.
Mr. Pearson was active in the Canadian Legion, and was president
of the Britannia Branch in 1942.
His death came suddenly, only five months after retirement,
survived by his wife, one son, and four granddaughters.
He is
 CONTENTS
Introduction           _ .               -      _                 .
Page
A9
Review of the Mineral Industry              _ 1	
A 10
Statistics—
Methods of Computing Production  A 13
Co-operation with Dominion Bureau of Statistics  A 15
Table I.—Mineral Production—Total to Date, Latest Decade, and
Latest Year  A 17
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1961  A 17
Table III.—Quantity and Value of Mineral Products for Years 1952 to
1961  A 18
Table IV (Graph).—Mineral Production Value, 1895-1961  A 20
Table V (Graph).—Principal Lode-metals Production, 1911-1961  A 21
Table VI.—Production of Principal Metals, 1858-1961  A 22
Table VIIa.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Summary  A 24
Table VIIb.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Principal Lode Metals  A 26
Table VIIc.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals  A 28
Table VIId.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Industrial Minerals  A 32
Table VIIe.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Structural Materials 1  A 34
Table VIIIa.—Quantity and Value of Coal per Year to Date  A 36
Table VIIIb.—Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used, 1951-61  A 37
Table IX.—Coke and By-products Production for Years 1895 to 1925
and 1926 to 1961  A 38
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1961  A 39
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Operations of
All Classes .  A 43
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-
61 L__"-.J_llL __._ A 44
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and
Gross Value, 1901-61  A 45
Table XIV.—Lode-metal Production in 1961—-,  A 46
Table XV.—Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten or More
Persons during 1961 :  A 51
A 5
 A 6 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Page
Departmental Work  A 52
Administration Branch  A 52
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)  A 52
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province A 53
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1961 A 54
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas  A 55
Analytical and Assay Branch  A 56
Inspection Branch  A 5 8
Mineralogical Branch  A 59
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch  A 60
Grub-staking Prospectors  A 62
Mining Roads and Trails  A 67
Museums  A 6 8
Rock and Mineral Specimens  A 68
Publications  A 6 8
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases A 69
Joint Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and the Department of Mines and Technical
Surveys, Canada  A 69
Topographic Mapping and Air Photography  A 70
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys  A 71
Geological Survey of Canada  A 71
Feld Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1961  A 71
Publications of the Geological Survey  A 72
Mines Branch  A 72
Mineral Resources Division  A 73
Lode Metals       1
Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work  114
Placer  118
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals  138
Petroleum and Natural Gas  158
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries  232
Coal  251
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations  275
Lode-metal Deposits Referred to in the 1960 Annual Report  285
 CONTENTS A 7
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Photographs
Page
Kano Inlet, west coast of Graham Island  16
Head of Tartu Inlet, west coast of Graham Island  16
Model of Craigmont orebodies, plan view  36
Model of Craigmont orebodies, looking eastward  36
Craigmont Mines Limited, preparation of open pit  44
Huestis Mining Corporation Limited, Skwaam Bay  44
Pillar recovery at Jersey mine, view of set-up  70
Pillar recovery at Jersey mine, drilling-platform  70
Nimpkish Iron Mines Ltd., open-pit operation  99
Noranda Mines Limited, Kennedy Lake Division, open-pit preparation  99
Jade boulders and diamond saw at E. Osterlund ranch, Yalakom River  122
Diamond saw in operation  122
Richfield et al Cape Ball, Graham Island  167
Geological field work in Hecate Strait  167
Gear box in Alicab raise machine after fatal accident at Sunro mine  234
Drawings
1. Geology of part of Tasu Sound, Moresby Island  12
2. Geology of Harriet Harbour, Moresby Island  14
3. Boss Mountain molybdenite showings  22
4. Copper group, Poison Mountain, simplified geology  23
5. Simplified geology of the Craigmont mine Facing 33
6. Properties at Promontory Hills, near Merritt  38
7. Tintlhohtan Lake molybdenite showings  50
8. Sands Creek molybdenite showings  52
9. Skwaam Bay lead-zinc showings Facing 53
10. Nighthawk Gold Mines Ltd., main pit  57
11. Friday Mines Ltd., Sunrise showings  61
12. Diamond-drill intersections on the Iron Mike property  92
13. Nimpkish Iron Mines Ltd., simplified geology of pit  94
14. Index map of Kennedy Lake-Toquart Bay area  105
15. Geology of Kennedy Lake magnetite zone Facing 107
 A 8 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
Page
16. Index map of southern British Columbia showing main areas of serpentinite 120
17. Index map of northern British Columbia showing main areas of serpentinite 125
18. Main workings on DRD claims, Williams Lake  140
19. Limestone in the Vernon area  145
20. Petroleum and natural-gas fields, 1961  171
21. Oil and gas pipe-lines, existing and proposed  173
22. Average dust counts obtained each year since 1937  244
 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER
OF MINES AND PETROLEUM
RESOURCES, 1961
Introduction
A Report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year from 1874 to 1959. Beginning in 1960, it is the Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the mineral
industry, also much detail about individual operations, including those undertaken
in the search for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as
the actual winning of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources now
contains introductory sections dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and
Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries, each with its own table of contents. A table listing the
properties described, in geographic groupings, precedes the index.
An introductory review of the mineral industry and notes at the first of several
of the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions.
Notes in the various sections deal briefly with exploration or production operations
during the year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history
of past work and the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the
mineral deposits exposed in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a
single property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section
on Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the
work of other British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest
to the mineral industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine operations and some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines
and Petroleum Resources is contained in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines,
Placer Mines, and Quarries, early in the section on Coal, and in the section on
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.
■
A 9
 Review of the Mineral Industry*
Mineral products of British Columbia had a value of more than $181,000,000
in 1961, only exceeded by the value of more than $190,000,000 in 1956. Prices
for copper, lead, and zinc were substantially higher in 1956 than in 1961. Greater
production of gold, silver, copper, and zinc and materially higher prices for copper,
lead, and zinc gave those five metals a combined value for 1956 nearly $26,000,000
greater than their 1961 value. The 1956 production also included more than
$6,000,000 for tungsten, of which there was no production in 1961. In 1961
greater production of iron, asbestos, sulphur, and natural gas and the addition of
nickel, petroleum, and liquid by-products of natural gas went a long way toward
making up for the decreases in principal metals, tungsten, and coal.
The 1961 total value, $181,079,785, compares favourably with the ten-year
average, $167,239,104, and represents a small gain over 1960, $179,595,802.
It should be noted that the 1960 figure includes the value of a considerable quantity
of copper concentrates carried forward into that year because a strike affecting the
Tacoma smelter prevented their shipment in 1959, and that the 1961 figure
excludes the value of a considerable quantity of copper concentrates produced at
the Craigmont mine, awaiting shipment on December 31 st.
The metals gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc account for 60.4 per cent of
the total value of all products in 1961. Other metals, iron, nickel, and by-products
of silver-lead-zinc ores, contributed 10.3 per cent; industrial minerals contributed
8.45 per cent; structural materials, 10.95 per cent; and fuels—coal, 3.6 per cent,
and natural gas plus oil plus liquid by-products of natural gas, 6.2 per cent.
The United States dollar was at a discount in Canada in the first half of 1961
but was at a premium in the second half and averaged a premium of about 1.3 cents
for the twelve months of 1961. This gave British Columbia producers of the principal metals, prices in Canadian funds that were above quotations in United States
funds. The United States price for silver advanced sharply in the last six weeks of
1961. The United States price for copper ranged from 26.3 cents to 30 cents
a pound; the average for the year in Canadian funds, 28.288 cents a pound, is
lower than the 1960 or the ten-year average prices. United States prices for lead
and zinc were relatively stable. Lead was steady at 11 cents a pound until the end
of October, then fell, and at the end of 1961 was steady at 10.25 cents a pound.
Zinc remained between 11.5 and 12 cents a pound. Converted into Canadian
funds, the prices for lead and zinc are lower than in 1960 and well below the ten-
year average.
Production of lead in 1961 was greater than for any year since 1943; however,
the price was the lowest since 1947, and the value of lead produced has been
exceeded in four years of the past decade. Increased output of lead came mainly
from Fort Steele and Nelson Mining Divisions and from the fuming of current and
reclaimed slags at the Trail smelter. Zinc output was below the ten-year average
in both quantity and value. Compared with 1960, the zinc output of Fort Steele,
Nelson, and Vancouver Mining Divisions decreased and that of Golden Mining
Division increased. Copper increased materially in the Nicola Mining Division, but
due mainly to stockpile differences the Nicola gain was less than the losses in other
mining divisions.
* By Hartley Sargent.
A  10
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1961 All
Gold output declined mainly in Lillooet and Osoyoos Mining Divisions because the Pioneer mine did not produce and the French mine was closed in May,
1961.
Developments of recent years indicate that the increased output of copper and
iron now assured or partly in effect will result in a substantially increased value for
metals in 1962 and a still greater value in 1963. The developments include bringing
the Craigmont mine into production in the autumn of 1961, and provision for bringing the Kennedy Lake, Zeballos, and Jedway iron mines and the Sunro, Coast Copper, and Bethlehem copper mines into production in 1962.
The value of industrial minerals, structural materials, and fuels has increased
notably in the last decade; their combined value in 1952 was $23,509,504 and in
1961 was $53,102,693. The greatest gain in that period was in industrial minerals,
attributable mainly to asbestos and to sulphur. The substantial gain in structural
materials is distributed through that group. In the fuels group, coal has declined
since 1956, although the 1961 output exceeded that of 1958 and subsequent years.
Production of natural gas, liquid by-products of natural gas, and crude petroleum all
began during the decade. Since 1959 their combined value has exceeded that of
coal, and in 1960 and 1961 the value of natural gas alone exceeded that of coal.
The completion late in 1961 of the Western Pacific pipe-line from Taylor on the
Peace River to a junction with the Trans-Mountain pipe-line at Kamloops provided
for oil and liquid by-products of natural gas from northeastern British Columbia
access to refineries serving most of the Province, assuring greatly increased production of oil.
The first commercial production of pig iron in British Columbia began in January, 1961, when the plant of The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company
of Canada, Limited, at Kimberley began producing. The plant operated for most
of the year at its rated capacity of 100 tons of pig iron daily. The feed for the new
plant is iron residue from part of the iron sulphides separated from the Sullivan
ore in the concentrator, and used for making sulphuric acid. The residue is
prepared by pelletizing and sintering, and fed to an electric furnace where it is
reduced to metallic iron and cast as pig iron. The intention has been announced to
expand the plant to produce 300 tons of pig iron a day. Along with this increase
will go the doubling of capacity to produce sulphuric acid, and fertilizer made by
its use. The production of pig iron does not add materially to the value shown for
mineral production, as the credit taken is the value of comparable iron ore less the
cost of preparing, the roasting-plant residue, for charging into the electric furnace.
The industry thus created is a substantial employer of labour directly, and also
provides a market for a substantial quantity of coke breeze from the Crowsnest Pass
area and of some dolomite quarried near Bull River.
Developments in lode-mining in recent years have included much activity in
the Merritt-Ashcroft area and on Vancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands, including
exploration and the preparation of four copper mines and three iron mines for
production. By far the greater part of the ore they will produce in the next few
years will be mined in open pits. In 1961 the total of ore mined at lode-metal
operations amounted to 8,392,161 tons. Of this quantity, more than 3,200,000
tons came from open-pit mines. The proportion from open-pit mines will be substantially greater by the end of 1962, and the total tonnage will also increase. However, it is apparent also that some of the iron mines will develop underground operations. Another change in mining practice is the use of a mixture of ammonium
nitrate and fuel oil for blasting, both in underground and open-pit operations. This
practice has developed rapidly in a very few years, and the use of conventional
explosives has been greatly reduced.
 A  12 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
Exploration for lode-metal deposits was carried on vigorously in many parts
of the Province. Exploration for iron was mainly on Vancouver Island, Moresby
Island, and near Kitimat in the mainland coastal area. Exploration for copper
was mainly in the Princeton-Kamloops area, on Vancouver Island, and in the area
extending northwesterly from Portland Canal to the middle section of the Stikine
River. It is apparent that large quantities of milling-grade ore exist in the latter
area. During the year, milling-grade copper ore from Mount Washington on Vancouver Island, from Quadra Island, and from Pender Harbour have been taken to
Britannia for custom milling. Interest in molybdenum continued, and work was
done on properties at Boss Mountain, in the Smithers and Alice Arm areas, and in
several other localities. The Noranda company is driving a long adit on the Boss
Mountain property. Silver-lead-zinc exploration was concentrated mainly in the
Kootenays, and included work west of the Columbia River, north of Revelstoke.
This latter area has received little attention until the past few years. It may be
thought of as a continuation of the belt that has been so productive of silver-lead-zinc
ore south of Nelson and in the Kootenay Lake area.
Exploration for petroleum and natural gas was directed toward the Paleozoic
rocks of the Fernie basin, the Devonian of the Fort Nelson area, the Mississippian of
the Rocky Mountain foothills, the Tertiary and Cretaceous strata of the Nanaimo-
Bellingham basin, and the Tertiary of Graham Island.
Seismic surveys in northeastern British Columbia were considerably increased
compared with 1960, and a marine seismic survey was made near Point Roberts.
Geological mapping was done by nine companies in northeastern British Columbia
and two in the Fernie-Flathead area, and one company made an underwater geological survey off the east coast of Graham Island. Exploration in northeastern
British Columbia included three structural test-holes.
Exploratory drilling included ninety-two wildcat wells in northeastern British
Columbia, two in the Vancouver-Chilliwack area, and one on Graham Island.
A further 142 holes were drilled as development or outpost wells, making a total
of 237 wells drilled. The exploratory drilling in northeastern British Columbia
resulted in three discoveries of oil and twenty-two of natural gas. The oil discoveries
were in the Triassic Boundary Lake zone, indicating a southward extension of the
Boundary Lake field and in the Triassic Halfway formation north of Beatton River.
Discoveries of natural gas in Middle Devonian carbonate rocks were made west
of the Clarke Lake field (one), north of the Kotcho Lake field (two), and west of
Kotcho Lake (one). Discoveries were also made in the Upper Devonian, and in
the Mississippian Rundle group in the Kotcho Lake area, and in the Permian Belloy
formation west of Fort St. John. A total of eleven gas discoveries were made in
Triassic rocks, six in the Halfway formation and five in the Upper Schooler Creek
formation, north of Fort St. John, and four discoveries of gas were made in the
Bullhead group, 25 to 50 miles north of Fort St. John.
The number of lode-mineral claims recorded in 1961 was 19,064, 7,316 more
than in 1960; the number of certificates of work issued was 16,665, 3,508 more
than in 1960.
Revenue to the Government from petroleum and natural gas amounted to
$15,690,202, including rentals, fees, and miscellaneous, $6,545,301; sale of Crown
reserves, $7,641,891; royalties, $1,479,193; and miscellaneous fees, $23,817.
Land held for petroleum and natural gas, Under permits, leases, licences, and drilling reservations, amounted to 33,925,009 acres.
The average number employed through 1961 in placer, lode, coal, industrial-
mineral, and structural-material mining was 11,034. Major expenditures by those
branches of the industry included:  Salaries and wages, $47,657,250; fuel and elec-
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL INDUSTRY,  1961 A 13
tricity, $8,545,316; process supplies (inclusive of explosives, chemicals, drill-steel
lubricants, etc.), $16,268,411; Federal taxes, $12,688,742; Provincial taxes,
$2,475,567; municipal and other taxes, $2,334,795; levies for workmen's compensation (including silicosis), unemployment insurance, and other items, $2,207,-
376. Dividends amounted to $20,720,239. The lode-mining industry spent
$30,304,050 in freight and treatment charges on ores and concentrates. Returns
from some operators in the metal-mining and industrial-mineral sections of the
industry indicate that they spent more than $10,000,000* on roads, new construction, machinery, major repairs, and alterations.
Information supplied by the Canadian Petroleum Association indicates that,
exclusive of expenditures for land acquisition and rentals, the petroleum and natural-
gas industry spent $59,400,000 in British Columbia. The number directly employed
by fifty-two operating and development companies at December 31st was 824. The
expenditure is broken down into: Exploration, $41,900,000; development drilling,
$11,100,000; capital expenditures, field equipment, secondary recovery, pressure-
maintenance projects, etc., $3,100,000; operation of wells, flow-lines, etc., $1,400,-
000; taxes, royalties, and other expenses, $1,900,000.
Statistics
The statistics of the mineral industry are collected and compiled and the statistical tables for this Report are prepared by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce.
The tabulated statistics are designed to cover mineral production in quantity
and value, employment, principal expenditures of the mineral industry, and dividends paid. The data are arranged so as to facilitate comparison of the production
records for the various mining divisions, and from year to year (1951, 1958).f
In the 1960 Report, Tables I and II were given new forms, Table VIII has been
amalgamated with Table VII, and subsequent tables were renumbered.
From time to time, revisions have been made to earlier figures as additional
data became available or errors came to light.
METHODS OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tables of statistics recording the mineral production of the Province for
each year are compiled from certified returns made by the operators, augmented by
some data obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint, from the operators of custom
smelters, and from the records of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources. The values are in Canadian funds.
Weights are avoirdupois pounds and tons (2,000 lb.) and troy ounces.
* This does not include expenditures at some of the properties being explored or prepared for production.
t In these notes, references such as (1958) are to this section of the Report of the Minister of Mines for
the year indicated, where additional information will be found.
 a 14 mines and petroleum resources report, 1961
Metals
Prior to 1925 the average prices for gold and copper are true average prices,
but, as a means of correcting for losses in smelting and refining, the prices of other
metals were taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the
metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent. For 1925 and
subsequent years the value has been calculated using the true average price and the
net metal contents, in accordance with the procedures adopted by the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics and the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Placer Gold
The value of placer gold in dollars is obtained from returns received annually
from the operators (1958). A fineness of 822Vi is taken as the average for crude
placer gold (p. A 16).
Lode Metals, Gross and Net Contents, and Calculated Value
The gross contents are compiled from the returns made each year by the producers and for any metal are the total assay contents, obtained by multiplying the
assay by the weight of ore, concentrates, or bullion.
The value for each principal metal is calculated by multiplying the quantity
(gross for gold, net for silver, copper, lead, and zinc) by the average price for the
year. The net contents are calculated by taking a percentage of the gross content:
in lead ores and concentrates and zinc concentrates—silver, 98 per cent; lead, 95
per cent; zinc, 85* per cent of the total assay content; and in copper concentrates,
95 per cent of the silver and the total assay content of copper less 10 pounds per
ton of concentrates.
Other metals, including by-product metals refined in British Columbia and
iron, tin, and tungsten exported as ores and concentrates, are treated similarly,
except that quantities and values for several are as reported by shippers for sales
in the year. The value of by-product iron ore used in making pig iron at Kimberley
has been computed from the value per ton of ore of comparable grade, at the point
of export from British Columbia, less the cost of preparing the by-product ore for
charging into the pig-iron furnace at Kimberley.
Average Metal Prices
The methods of computing prices have varied because of changing conditions
(1958). The prices are now arrived at by methods given in footnotes to the table
of average prices on page A 16.
Fuel
Coal
All coal produced, including that used in making coke, is shown as primary
mine production (1959, tables renumbered in 1960). Washery loss and changes
in stocks, year by year, are shown in the table " Collieries of British Columbia, Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts" (p. 253).
* For zinc concentrates shipped to foreign smelters the net contents are calculated as the assay content less
eight units of zinc per ton of concentrate.
 STATISTICS
A 15
Natural Gas*
Commercial production of natural gas began in 1954. The production shown
in Tables I, III, and VIIa is the total dry and residue gas sold; that is, the quantity
delivered to the main transmission-line. The quantity is net after deducting gas used
on leases, metering difference, and gas used or lost in the cleaning plant. The gross
well output is shown in Table 11, page 202. The quantity is reported as thousands
of cubic feet at standard conditions (standard conditions—14.4 pounds per square
inch pressure, 60° F. temperature up to and including the year 1960, and thereafter
14.65 pounds per square inch pressure, 60° F. temperature).
Natural-gas Liquid By-products*
This heading covers condensate removed from natural gas in preparation for
transmission through the main gas pipe-line. The by-products consist of butane,
propane, and natural gasoline.
Petroleum*
Production of petroleum began in 1955, and is shown in Tables I, III, and VIIa.
The quantity is " net sales " (see Tables 10 and 17, pp. 200 and 221), reported in
barrels (35 imperial gallons=1 barrel).
CO-OPERATION WITH DOMINION BUREAU OF STATISTICS
In the interests of uniformity and to avoid duplication of effort, beginning with
the statistics for 1925, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the various Provincial
Departments have co-operated in the collection and processing of mineral statistics.
Producers of metals, industrial minerals, structural materials, coal, and petroleum and natural gas are requested to submit returns in duplicate on forms prepared
for use by the Province and by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
So far as possible both organizations follow the same practice in processing
the data. The final compilation by the Dominion Bureau is usually published considerably later than the Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources
for British Columbia. Differences between the figures published by the two organizations arise mainly from the facts that the Dominion Bureau bases its quantities
of lode metals on returns made by smelter operators, whereas the British Columbia
mining statistician uses the returns covering shipments from individual mines in
the same period, and the Dominion Bureau uses average prices for metals considered
applicable to the total Canadian production, whereas the British Columbia mining
statistician uses prices considered applicable to British Columbia production. Peat,
included under the classification of fuel by the Dominion Bureau, has not been
regarded as mineral or fuel, and accordingly has not been included in the British
Columbia statistics of mineral production.
* For petroleum, natural gas, and liquid by-products, production figures are supplied by the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Branch of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and are compiled from the monthly
disposition report, and Crown royalty statement filed with the Department by the producers.
 a 16            mines and petroleum resources report, 1961
Average Prices Used in Valuing Provincial Production of Gold,
Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal
Year
Gold.1
Crude.
Oz.
Gold,
Fine.
Oz.
Silver.
Fine.
Oz.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead.
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
Coal,
Short
Ton
1901	
$
17.00
19.30
23.02
28.37
28.94
28.81
28.77
28.93
29.72
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
30.22
28.78
28.78
29.60
31.29
30.30
28.18
28.31
27.52
28.39
28.32
27.59
27.94
$
20.67
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
36.75
35.00
35.00
36.00
38.05
36.85
34.27
34.42
34.07
34.52
34.44
33.55
33.98
Cents
56.002 N.Y.
4955
Cents
16.11    N.Y.
11.70      „
13.24
12.82      „
15.59 „
19.28      „
20.00      „
13.20      „
12.98      „
12.738    „
12.38
16.341    „
15.27 „
13.60 „
17.28 „
27.202    „
27.18      „
24.63
18.70      „
17.45
12.50      „
13.38
14.42
13.02
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92
14.570    „
18.107    „
12.982    „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795    „
9.477    „
13.078 ..
9.972    „
10.092    „
10.086    „
10.086    „
10.086    .,
11.75
12.000    „
12.550    „
12.80      „
20.39
22.35    TJ.S.
19.973    „
23.428    „
27.70      „
31.079 „
30.333    „
29.112    „
38.276    „
39.787    „
26.031    ,,
23.419    „
27.708    ,,
28.985    „
2S.288    „
Cents
2.577 N.Y.
3.66 „
3.81
3.88      „
4.24
4.81
4.80      ,.
3.78
3.85
4.00
3.98
4.024    „
3.93       „
3.50      „
4.17
6.172    „
7.91
6.67 „
5.19
7.16      „
4.09      „
5.16
6.54      „
7.287    „
7.848 Lond.
6.751    „
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050   „
3.927    „
2.710    „
2.113    „
2.391    „
2.436    „
3.133    „
3.913    „
5.110    ,.
3.344    „
3.169    .,
3.302    ,.
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.754    „
4.500    „
5.000    „
6.750    „
13.670    „
18.040    ,,
15.800 U.S.
14.454    „
18.4
16.121    „
13.265    „
13.680    „
14.926    „
15.756    „
14.051    „
11.755    „
11.670    „
11.589    „
11.011     „
Cents
$
2.679
3.125
4.464
4.018
3.795
4.68
5.12
6.09
6.51
6.43
6.46
6.94
6.88
7.00
6.74
6.59
6.76
7.45
7.93
6.64
6.80
1902 	
1903	
50.78
53.36
51.33
63.45
62.06
50.22
48.93
50.812
50.64
57.79
56.80
52.10
47.20
62.38
77.35
91.93
105.57
95.80
59.52
64.14
61.63
63.442
69.065
62.107
56.37
58.176
52.993
38.154
28.700
31.671
37.832
47.461
64.790
45.127
44.881
43.477
40.488
38.249
38.261
41.166
45.254
43.000
47.000
83.650
72.000
■
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909
1910	
4.60 E. St.L.
4.90      „
5.90      „
4.80      „
4.40
11.25
10.88      ,.
7.566    „
6.94 „
6.24      .,
6.52      „
3.95 „
4.86      „
5.62      „
5.39
7.892 Lond.
7.409    „
6.194    „
5.493    „
5.385    „
3.599    „
2.554    „
2.405    „
3.210    „
3.044    „
3.099    „
3.315    „
4.902    ,.
3.073    ,,
3.069    „
3.411    „
3.411    „
3.411    „
4.000    „
4.300    „
6.440    ,,
7.810    „
11.230    „
13.930    „
13.247 U.S.
15.075    „
19.9
15.874    „
10.675    „
10.417    „
12.127    ,.
13.278    „
11.175    „
10.009    „
10.978    „
12.557    „
11.695    „
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
191B	
1916	
1917	
1918	
1919	
1920 	
1921	
1922	
1923     	
1924 	
192B   	
1926	
1927     	
1928   	
1929	
1930	
1931        	
1932 	
1933	
1934    	
1935	
1936	
1937	
1938     	
1939	
1940	
1941.	
1942	
1944	
1945	
1946	
1947      	
1948 	
75.000 Mont.
74.250 TJ.S.
80.635    „
94.55      „
83.157    „
83.774    „
82.982   „
87.851    „
89.373    „
S7.057    „
86.448    „
87.469    „
88.633    „
93.696    „
1951        	
1952     	
1953        	
1954     	
1955     	
1956    ...
1957   	
1959	
27.61   1   33.57
27.92      33.95
29.24      3B.46
|
1 Unrefined placer
ounce of fine gold.
Prices for fine gold
indicated,  converted  in
Lond.=London;   E. St.
Prior to 1925 the p
taken at the following i
cent;  and zinc, 85 per c
gold, ave
are the
to  Cana
L.=Eas
rices for
>ercentag
ent.
rage prk
Canadiar
dian  fun
t St. Loi
gold an
es of the
e per oun
Mint buy
ds.    The
lis;   and I
J copper a
year's av<
ze, is
ing p
abbrs
J.S.=
re tri
•rage
taken as $17 <
rices. Prices fo
viations  are:
United States,
e average pric
price for the n
livided by $20.
r other metals
Mont.=Montr
es, but the pric
letal:   Silver, 9
57 times the p
ire those of th
eal;    N.Y.=N<
es of other m<
5 per cent;  le:
ice of an
e markets
:w York;
itals were
d, 90 per
 Table I.—Mineral Production: Total to Date, Latest Decade, and Latest Year
Total
Quantity
to Date
Total
Value
to Date
Total
Quantity,
1952-61
Total
Value,
1952-61
Quantity,
1961
Value,
1961
Principal Metals
Gold—placer  crude oz.
„       lode    fine oz.
Silver   oz.
Copper _ lb.
Lead .  _  lb.
i Zinc    _ lb.
Totals - -----	
5,220,779
15,870,009
431,160,086
3,012,370,068
13,582,977,263
11,453,071,945
96,529,305
460,281,415
265,076,396
503,240,551
1,025,568,809
956,923,509
75,433
2,153,858
79,491,998
353,901,695
3,082,837,362
4,037,321,654
I 3,307,619,985
Miscellaneous Metals
Antimony    _ —lb.
Bismuth  _.  lb.
Cadmium   —lb.
Chromite  _..tons
Cobalt       lb.
Iron concentrates  tons
Magnesium    lb.
Manganese    tons
Mercury _  lb.
Molybdenite (MoS2)  —lb.
Nickel      ._._Llb.
Palladium  _ oz.
Platinum _ oz.
Selenium    _ lb.
Tin     - lb.
Tungsten (WO3)  -..lb.
Other. „	
Totals 	
I
40,760,499
5,410,349
27,437,159
796
1,730
7,909,076
204,632
1,724
4,163,662
52,171
10,712,030
749
1,400
731
13,818,533
16,019,324
10,474,104
9,209,919
39,410,710
32,295
420
56,971,285
88,184
32,668
10,409,609
46,198
7,667,255
30,462
134,483
1,389
10,694,786
38,663,751
3,941,542
187,809,060
Industrial Minerals
Arsenious oxide  lb.
Asbestos   .- tons
Barite      tons
Bentonite   -  .Itons
Diatomite      tons
Fluorspar    tons
Fluxes    - tons
Granules   _ tons
Gypsum and gypsite — tons
Hydro-magnesite   tons
Iron oxide and ochre.-tons
Magnesium sulphate tons
Mica —  lb.
Natro-alunite    tons
Perlite   _ . tons
Phosphate rock  tons
Sodium carbonate tons
Sulphur   tons
Talc   ._,_ tons
Totals _.
22,019,420
230;800
189,860
791
1,803
35,341
3,660,654
161,030
2,124,372
2,253
18,108
i3,894
12,822,050
522
1,1,12
3,842
10,492
4,518,783
1,805
273,201
64,863,967
2,363,886
16,858
45,082
784,964
5,967,386
2,154,645
8,787,802
27,536
155,050
254,352
185,818
9,398
11,120
16,894
118,983
47,713,998
34,871
16,209,012
1,734,298
13,479,206
7,720,764
75
9,023
10,430,577
~ 10
"7,0337l46
12,567,014
230,800
131,018
476
 856;25<
125,913
1,150,069
2,459,300
1,112
2,182,781
133,785,811
Structural Materials
Clay products	
Cement   -
Lime and limestone	
Rocki	
Sand and gravel 	
Stone -.   _	
Not assigned	
Totals	
43,752,952
106,680,051
30,742,637
28,426,741
101,219,600
8,621,435
7,010,452
326,453,868
Fuels
..tons
Coal2	
Natural gas—
To pipe-line M s.c.f.
Liquid by-products3 .bbl.
Petroleum  crude  bbl.
Totals 	
Grand totals 	
135,342,692 I     563,108,381
306,191,359
3,801,400
3,697,821
23,689,398
2,379,900
7,077,840
11,124,699
306,191,359
3,801,400
3.697,821
I     596,255,519
4,551,924,243
2,119,153
73,678,269
69,031,818
110,890,409
409,477,253
479,428,074
3,416
159,821
7,373,568
31,692,412
384,284,524
387,951,190
99,884
5,667,253
6,908,738
8,965,149
42,313,569
45,370,891
1,144,624,976
109,325,484
5,827,480
3,692,690
21,636,076
55,936,557
""250
9,500
7,579,531
" ""844
5,120,750
35,204,550
3.910.605
1,331,297
283,363
907,432
1,315,188
4,180,677
1,119,350
138,928,833
64,863,967 I
2,128,341 !
45,113
17,722
469,948
637,567
1,451,891
11,494,260
3,194,037
~727,578
6767327
.18,651,608.
11,129,704
178,316
14,607
214
2,381,413
1,663,453 ]
3,186,170 I
36,037
1U20
"25;645;613
53,335
17,463
131,000
250,000
8,817
190,500
253,015
392,000
8,025
242,377 1      3,207,284
99,930.721
18,737,836
59,858,273
14,837,895
16,123,283
67,826,902
1,389,526
178,773,715
76,985,661
23,689,398
2,379,900
7,077,840
919,142
95,967,110
1,287,672
997,260
110,132,799
1.672,391,044
15,367,661
2,366,464
7,118,379
1.864.315'
1,016,086
7,439,710
70,300
19,875,254
6,247,594
8,818.891
892,892
1,900,401
17,859,778
181,079,785*
1 Rubble, riprap, and crushed stone.
2 Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and includes material lost in picking and washing,
subsequent years the quantity is that sold and used.
3 Includes propane, butane, and natural-gasoline shipments.
4 Does not include 68,834 tons of peat moss valued at $3,534,751.
For 1910 and
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1961
1836-1900.
1901-10 ...
1911-20 ...
1921-30 ...
1931^10 -
1941-50   -
1951	
1952   	
1953   	
1954   	
$153,077,874
221,928,930
331,995,328
532,582,031
522,040,932
941,577,899
176,330,205
171,309,429
153,188,210
153,284,471
1955           $174,711,086
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
190,067,465
172,895,401
146,757,699 .
149,501,696
179,595,802
181,079,785
Total    $4,551,924,243
A   17
 A 18
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
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00«hft
 A 24                   MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Table VIIa.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and
Division
Period
Placer Gold
Principal
Lode Metals
Miscellaneous
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Quantity1
Value
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
■ 1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
Oz.
t
117
33,253
54,700
66,404
17,344,720
45,625
18,860
53,944,751
$
511
5,095
11,697,294
1,156
8
S
$
84,361
85,576
1,144,945
22,481
16,050
291,719
785,135
733,870
5,506,368
Atlin	
4
1,617
1,959
2,271
734,309
1,634
645
2,602,922
9,398
37,483,344
666,212
720,827
39,626,641
562,122
20,325
4,616
16,842
188,262
23,730
Fort Steele 	
Golden.	
48
10,141
6
12
20,487
1,404
242,238
168
351
467,103
847,454
59,647,970
56,145,948
1,601,232,180
3,098,048
3,557,806
44,801,748
3,842,662
3,592,712
124,701,692
900
522,243
837,578
10,896,793
43,181
59,539
526,647
8,323
8,822
97,236
35,968
162,427
643,145
610,950
6,542,597
616,916
570,316
4,512,896
110,928
249,941
249,246
4,908,614
81,596
114,986
1,592,211
36,885
33,876
839,320
495,977
637,651
8,569,889
203,145
216,995
1,755,412
140,967
132,255
1,455,157
1,555,579
1,907,459
33,450,455
106,553
183,675
2,932.999
4,716.804
5,086,910
69,582,745
22,529
37,031
495,140
299,196
346,610
3,556.792
6S4
469
11,268
18
5,074
5
1
27,556
526
115,662
139
29
603,620
2,323,897
3,044,836
101,646
6,528,308
12,306,732
12,223,362
67,189,218
72
50,154
30
32
91,891
2,105
1,247,291
838
936
1,893,549
6,312
4,815,524
3,787,608
126,694,031
624,206
577,450
7,796.247
12,419,532
15,505,864
180,283,288
392,131
417,194
1,235,293
1,589
79
Nanaimo	
48,350
10,256,879
11,384,260
56,757,509
712,603
909,050
41,428,922
2,645,915
3,194,037
7,667,255
5,129
23,302
19,445
745,783
866
4
3.5S5
11
19,300
117
88,988
307
64,126
120,441
114,437
787,371
16
11,608
468
243,614
1,855,744
2,428,461
33.916
234
179
278
52,932
4,764
4.998
8,129
1,402,660
10,050
941
Osoyoos —	
Revelstoke	
17,379,510
237,680
119,560
51,051,405
278,186
11,053,917
23,549
15,633,718
11.460
407.823
309.5731              51.45(1
208
4,639
1,020
12,069
3,734,302
1,024,656
45,630
35,911
1,290,149
71,260
73,175
2,332,327
181,166
183,562
7,104,665
109,665
61,975
927,532
66,474
116.386
1,837.883
5,018,309
4,553,416
47,549,90S
144,814
48.131
3[                  88
7.582        164.477
185,244
3
2
12,148
84
58
288,211
S kee n a	
120,061,655
467,671
344,680
210,645,048
6.910.292
128,661
18,558
4,603
105,569
337.504
1 51 .792
1,240,215
5,970,2291         167,459
184,719,8851     3,048,364
55.8031	
366
o
9,397
56
86,043
89 S71   278
851
24,260
SB 774
6,903,5971           46,952
56,206
101,426
6,371,700
4,634,683
182
18
10
2,705
5,306
503
292
72,282
208,476,451
34
968,758
' 9,500
188,345
772,520
9,500
3,978
60
2,652.402
4,390.838
Not assigned*.	
Totals :
 628"
 157680
60      4.969.058
8.775,561
11,288,837
11,870,155
133,988,804
35,437
3,268,603
2,089,321
49,313,891
188,246
1,813,690
1,401,250
34,127,565
114,277,401
1,577,661
18,176,703
11,264,251
1960
1961
To date
13,847
13,416
5,220,779
107,418
99,884
96,529,305
112,481,626
109,225,600
3,211,090,680
17,714,969
18,651,608
187,809,060
15,992,9311  18,829,989
15,367,6611  19,875,254
133,785,811|326.453,868
i Crude gold—equivalent in fine gold:   1960, 3,164 oz.;   1961, 2,81-7 oz.   The year
for the major placer-producing mining divisions was:  Atlin, 1898;  Cariboo, 1858;  Lill
2 Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and includes material lost in
1910 and subsequent years the quantity is that sold and used.    Year of first produc
Cariboo, 1942;  Fort Steele, 1898;  Kamloops, 1893;  Liard, 1923;  Nanaimo, 1836;  Nic
Osoyoos, 1926;   Similkameen, 1909;   Skeena, 1912.
rf first recorded production
ooet, 1874;   Quesnel, 1858.
oicking and washing.   For
:tion by mining divisions:
ola, 1907;   Omineca, 1918;
 STATISTICS
A 25
Total to Date, by Mining Divisions—Summary
Fuels
Coal
Petroleum
Natural Gas
(Direct to Pipe-line)
Liquid By-products3
Division
Totals
Quantity2
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity      Value
Tons
$
Bbl.
$
M S.C.F.
$
Bbl.
$
$
84,872
90,788
12,884,890
78,337
82,454
55,702,230
1,501,588
1,490,399
1,100
99,290,852
1,404
1,363,947
674 042
4,618,360
5,425,265
230,500,591
65,681,827
834,716
53,198,320
63,269,338
1,853,547,878
3,839,741
4,302,647
51,444,770
3,887,870
59,765
21,526
17,000
675,856
530,154
736,814
298,518,486
3,635,936
	
128,077,807
532,084
1,1797401
1,287,672
3,801,400
637,680
15,087
2,293
2,062
96,848
18,908,064
838,626
997,260
3,697,821
1,531,049
1,900,401
7,077,840
80,115,399
95,967,110
306,191,359
7,101,949
8,818,891
23,689,398
593,648
892,892
2,379,900
21,758,049
24,071,646
104,021,306
4,957,329
3,920,799
130,096,216
105,499
76,009
12,990,120
14,625,428
74,051,038
397,287,780
13,238,688
2,183
1,717
11,078,801
60,448
64,024
2,714,933
5,008
16,598,706
224,798,323
7,875,598
8,813,046
79,516,278
213
26,301
1,894,492
2,929,632
5,417
5,850
14,017,216
399,499
454,307
427,001
40,699,073
646,187
480,583
1,122
55,821,030
335,885
35,999
12,693,787
9,552
2,774
19,553,725
104,445
346
76,007
4,623 317
142,383,137
648,837
528,242
37
116
219,433,117
■
7,171,749
6,199,663
188,705,178
122,333
202,429
84,769,195
12,025,064
9,289,525
263,372,123
154,851
48,423
2,926,507
5,163,418
4,969,118
123,292,325
16,371,130
15,360,726
246,871,214
788,6581     5,242,223
619,1421     6,247,594
135,342,692|563,108,381
1
838,6261   1,531,049
997,260!   1,900,401
3,697,82l|  7,077,840
1
80,115,399]     7,101,949
95,967,1101     8,818,891
306,191,3591  23,689,398
!
1,179,401
1,287,672
3,801,400
593,648
892,892
2,379,900
179,595,802
181,079,785
4,551,924,243
3 Includes propane, butane, and natural gasoline.
4 Re " not assigned," see footnotes under Tables VIIb and VIIc.
Note.—For individual metals, industrial minerals, and structural materials, see Tables VIIb, VIIc, VIId,
and VIIe.
 A 26
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
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 A 32                   MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Table VIId.—Production, 1960 and 1961, and Total
Division
Period
Asbestos
Barite
Diatomite
Fluxes (Quartz
and Limestone)
Granules (Quartz,
Limestone, and
Granite)
Quantity
Value!
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1900
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1060
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
Tons
$
Tons
S
Tons
$
Tons
$
Tons
$
Atlin
Cariboo	
Clinton 	
44
214
1,803
1,430
8,817
44,782
48
168
Golden 	
Greenwood	
Kamloops	
8
23,573
17,722
189,852
80
279,716
178,316
2,363,806
 I	
I   .
 I	
 I	
1,790,502
1,540,319
 |	
 |	
40,748
45,113
230,800
11,724,077
11,129,704
64,863,967
Nanaimo —
18,029
12,459
687,433
23,302
19,445
745,783
New Westminster.
7,601
8,174
2
8,869
8,004
62,875
51
120,441
114,437
787,371
Omineca	
Osoyoos	
Similkameen	
Skeena 	
Vancouver	
64,735
40,869
574,030
271,197
170,996
2,621,448
10,194
9,459
58,808
136,620
138,578
791,369
250
1,700
601,019
1,050,722
29,692
418,608
Victoria. 	
6
7
69
60
60
940
9,605
157,080
Totals
To date
1960 |   40.748
1961 I   45,113
To date   1230,800
1
11,724,077
11,129,704
64,863,967
23,573
17,722
189,860
279,716
178,316
2,363,886
44
214
1,803
1,430
8,817
44,782
83,370
53,335
3,660,654
294,559
190,500
5,967,386
19,003
17,463
161,030
257,067
253,015
2,154,645
1 Does not include value of containers.
2 Includes 51 tons of residue from Trail smelter and no value assigned.
3Arsenious oxide: Omineca, 1928, 16,997 lb., $340; Osoyoos, 1917-30 and 1942, 22,002,423 lb., $272,861.
4 Bentonite:  1926-44, 791 tons.
5 Fluorspar: Greenwood, 1918-29 and 1942, 35,309 tons, $783,578; Osoyoos, 1958, 32 tons, $1,386.
"Hydromagnesite:   Atlin, 1915-16, 1,450 tons, $20,325:   Clinton, 1921. 803 tons. $7,211.
7 Iron oxide and ochre:   Golden, 1927-39, 27 tons, $920;  Nelson, 1948-50, 7,292 tons, $55,901;  Vancouver, 1918-50, 10,669
tons, $97,389;  Victoria, 1923, 120 tons, $840.
8 Magnesium sulphate:   Clinton, 1918-20, 1,923 tons, $39,085;  Kamloops, 1918-42, 8,742 tons, $193,967;  Osoyoos, 1915-19,
3,229 tons, $21,300.
 STATISTICS
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Industrial Minerals
A 33
Gypsum and
Gypsite
Mica
Sulphur
Other
Value
Division
Totals
Period
Division
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Tons
$
Lb.
$
Tons
S
$
$
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1900
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
1960
1961
To date
9,3989
9,398
Atlin.
20,3256
20,325
4,616
16,842
188,262
122,000
250,000
10,013,800
3,180
8,025
143,012
30014
Clinton.
873
6,236
156,1916 8 12
162,427
643,145
610,950
5,542,597
610,916
570,316
4,512,896
40,577
40,730
288,605
643,145
610,950
5,226,799
Port Steele.
112,878
298,824
337,200
392,000
2,147,814
16,89411
107,9002
131,000
761,046
1,2767 13
783,5785
2,323,897
1,246,918
6,323,178
424,700
2,075
203,0558 12
6,528,308
12,300,732
12,223,362
67,189,218
37,958
52,681
133,431
582,655
1,093,658
2,325,251
5,12913
5,129
23,302
19,445
745,783
 	
55,9017
64,126
120,441
114,437
787,371
Nicola.
2,407
10,050
10,050
11,4603 10
11,460
407,823
309,573
3,734,302
1,588,800
25.938
295,5473 5 8
16,8584
18,558
	
634,250
10,815
41,624
4,801
8,841
627,397
178,678
56,206
101,426
5,855,705
1,240,215
56,206
101,426
6,371,700
97,3897
160,500
3,978
3,978
60
60
188,246
1,813,690
1,401,250
34,127,565
30,2267 13
181,369
140.125
1,813,690
1.401.250
3,427,726|34,127,565
107,90021   337,200
131.000        392.000
122,0001     3,186
250.000!     8.025
264,7051  3,095,696
242.3771  3.207.284
15,992,931
15,367,661
133,785,811
1960
1961
To date
Totals.
2,124,372
8,787,802
12,822,050
185,818
4,518,783
47,713,998
1,703,527
SNatro-alunite:   1912-27, 522 tons.
lOPerlite:   1953, 1,112 tons, $11,120.
ii Phosphate rock:  1927-33, 3,842 tons.
12 Sodium carbonate:  Clinton, 1921-49, 9,524 tons, $109,895;  Kamloops, 1931-35, 968 tons, $9,088.
13 Talc:  Golden, 1927, 5 tons, $356;  Lillooet, 1916-36, 296 tons, $5,129; Victoria, 1919-35, 1,504 tons, $29,386.
14 Volcanic ash:  Cariboo, 30 tons.
First production:  Arsenious oxide, 1917;  asbestos, 1952;  barite, 1940;   bentonite, 1926;   diatomite, 1928;  fluorspar, 1918;
flux, 1911; granules, 1930;  gypsum and gypsite, 1911;  hydromagnesite, 1904;  iron oxide and ochre, 1918;  magnesium sulphate,
1915; mica, 1932; natro-alunite, 1912; perlite, 1953; phosphate rock, 1927;  sodium carbonate, 1921;  sulphur, 1916;  talc, 1916.
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A 35
 A 36 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Table VIIIa.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal per Year to Date
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
1836-59. -	
1860         	
41,871
15,956
15,427
20,292
23,906
32,068
36,757
28,129
34,988
49,286
40,098
33,424
55,4582
55,4582
55,4592
91,334
123,362
155,895
172,540
191,348
270,257
299,708
255,760
315,997
238,895
441,358
409,468
365,832
462,964
548,017
649,411
759,518
1,152,590
925,495
1,095,690
1,134,509
1,052,412
1,002,268
999,372
1,263,272
1,435,314
1,781,000
1,894,544
1,838,621
1,624,742
1,887,981
2,044,931
2,126,965
2,485,961
2,362,514
2,688,672
3,389,476
2,540,022
$149,548
56,988
55,096
72,472
85,380
115,528
131,276
100,460
124,956
176,020
143,208
119,372
164,612
164,612
164,612
244,641
330,435
417,576
462,156
522,538
723,903
802,785
685,171
846,417
639,897
1,182,210
1,096,788
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2.693,961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
8,071,747
1912 	
1913
3,172,015
2,642,637
2,285,964
2,064,173
2,542,524
2,429,818
2,666,896
2,397,172
2,852,535
2,670,314
2,726,793
2,636,740
2,027,843
2,541,212
2,406,094
2,553,416
2,680,608
2,375,060
1,994,493
1,765,471
1,614,629
1,377,177
1,430,042
1,278,380
1,352,301
1,446,243
1,388,507
1,561,084
1,662,027
1,844,745
1,996,000
1,854,749
1,931,950
1,523,021
1,439,092
1,696,350
1,604,480
1,621,268
1,574,006
1,573,572
1,402,313
1,384,138
1,308,284
1,332,874
1,417,209
1,085,657
796,413
690,011
788,658
919,142
$10,786,812
9,197,460
1861	
1914
7,745,847
1862 .
1915	
7,114,178
1863         	
1916 	
1917	
8,900,675
1864 -.
8,484,343
1865  .
1918 -	
12,833,994
1866 .     	
1919 -	
11,975,671
1867 .      	
1920	
13,450,169
1868-...     - .
1921  _ 	
1922          	
12,836,013
1869
12,880,060
1870 .      	
1923 - 	
12,678,548
1871	
1924   	
9,911,935
1872         	
1925	
1926 -	
1927.	
12,168,905
1873.-   ..
1874       _ .
11,650,180
12,269,135
1875	
1928            . .
1929    	
12,633,510
1876 .     .   _
11,256,260
1877
1930	
9,435,650
1878          	
1931	
7,684,155
1879	
1932 	
1933.. 	
1934	
1915
6,523,644
1880...  .  	
5,375,171
1881..  	
1882        	
5,725,133
5,048,864
1883	
1936 	
1937 	
5,722,502
1884
6,139,920
1885
1918
5,565,069
1886
1939	
6,280,956
1887        	
1940 --	
7,088,265
1888
1941 	
7,660,000
1889
1947
8,237,172
1890
1943	
7,742,030
1891       	
1944- 	
8,217,966
1892
1945 _ -	
6,454,360
1893  ...
1946 -  ....
1947
6,732,470
1894
8,680,440
1895
1948
9,765,395
1896
1949	
10,549,924
1897
1950	
1951-	
10,119,303
1898         	
10,169,617
1899         . -
1952 	
9,729,739
1900.	
1953
1954-  	
9,528,279
1901
9,154,544
1902
1955 -     .
8,986,501
1903
1956-  - 	
9,346,518
1904
1957.	
7,340,339
1905
1958	
5,937,860
1906
1959— -	
5,472,064
1907
I960- 	
5,242,223
1908
1961  -	
Totals 	
6,247,594
1910
135,342,692
$563,108,381
1911
1 Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mine output and includes material lost in picking and washing.    For
1910 and subsequent years the quantity is that sold and used.
2 A combined total for 1871, 1872, and 1873 has previously been noted in Annual Reports and the above
breakdown is estimated.
 Table VIIIb.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal Sold and Used2, 1951-61
Year
District and
Mining Division
Total
Sales 2
Used
under
Companies'
Boilers2
Used in
Making
Coke 2
Total Sold
and Used3
District Totals,
1961
Vancouver Island..
Tons
Tons
Tons
Tons
$
Tons
76,009
505
7,912
834,716
t
736,814
1951
391,687
267,346
204,931
181,534
173,861
172,140
163,574
153,892
136,879
105,231
76,009
3,425
2,986
1,798
536
465
389
439
404
361
268
395,112
270,332
206,729
182,070
174,326
172,529
164,013
154,296
137,240
105,499
76,009
3,486,615
2,749,206
2,059,828
2,029,099
1,769,682
1,629,168
1,849,306
1,615,470
1,415,971
530,154
736,814
1958
Nicola-Princeton...
4,491
899
1,139
1,040
1,256
1,259
1,170
1,081
543
416
213
159
3.941
6,306
7,047
29,713
73,475
72,102
17,696
146
1,161
1,194
346
899
1,139
1,040
1,256
1,259
1,170
1,081
543
416
213
159
3,941
6,306
7,047
29,713
73,475
72,102
17,696
146
1,161
1,194
346
8,640
11,493
10,400
12,769
12,904
12,092
11,615
5,919
3,710
2,183
1,717
28,094
48,760
51,012
138,080
379,511
366,820
92,748
1,122
8,527
9,552
2,774
1952
1958
1959
1960
1961
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
1951
	
77	
81,024
3.199
3.854
4,815
4,359
3,650
4,642
2,758
3,194
3,319
2,293
2,062
27,904
37,270
42,079
36,572
30,015
8,553
4,991
4,677
5,453
5,417
5,850
3,199
3,854
4,835
4,359
3,650
4,642
2,758
3,194
3,319
2,293
2,062
27.904
37,270
42,079
36,572
30,015
8,553
4,991
4,677
5,453
5,417
5,850
26,095
42,606
50,895
33,079
32,850
38,211
28,421
28,738
31,040
21,526
17,000
206,709
285,732
324,986
292,862
227,010
71,234
47,414
44,972
55,318
60,448
64,024
	
20
	
	
	
	
	
	
.
	
	
East Kootenay	
Fort Steele . .
889,069
822,071
878,865
820,081
803,125
890,100
677,534
401,875
358,682
472,782
619,828
1,317,299
1,137,986
1,138,777
1,073,515
l,08o,3S5
1,148,707
867,634
564,327
505,910
587,130
704,254
15,977
15,813
12,729
15,310
16,560
19,518
17,830
7,274
10,813
13,800
14,698
19,402
18,799
14,547
15,846
17,025
19,907
18,269
7,678
11,174
14,068
14,698
236,871
245,528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
224,408
172,927
187,460
200,190
236,871
245,528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
224,408
172,927
187,460
200,190
1,142,517
1,083,412
1,122,408
1,054,314
1,050,149
1,158,213
895,118
633,557
542,422
674,042
834,716
1,573,572
1,402,313
1,384,138
1,308,284
1,332,874
1,417,209
1,085,657
796,413
690,011
788,658
919,142
6,413,374
6,591,942
7,031,158
6,648,655
6,564,544
7,228,993
5,310,835
4,241,619
3,957,498
4,618,360
5,425,265
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,528,279
9,154,544
8,986,501
9,346,518
7,340,339
5,937,860
5,472,064
5,242,223
6,247,594
Provincial totals-
1953
1954
.
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1960
1961
j
1 For differences between gross mine output and coal sold refer to table " Production and Distribution by
Collieries and by Districts " in section headed " Coal " or " Coal-mining " in this and succeeding Annual Reports.
2 The totals " sold and used " include:—
Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users, and company employees.
Coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives.
Coal used in making coke.
A 37
 A 38
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
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 STATISTICS
A 39
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1961
Dividends Paid during 1960 and 1961
i960 1961
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd        $638,940 $642,040
Cassiar Asbestos Corporation Ltd       2,376,000 2,376,000
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of
Canada, Ltd.      16,380,344 16,380,368
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd          372,708 489,326
Highland-Bell Ltd.           156,986 160,750
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd          467,600 467,600
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd          150,000 187,500
Others              53,365 16,655
Totals  $20,595,943 $20,720,239
Dividends Paid Yearly, 1917 to 1961, Inclusive
Year Amount Paid
1917   $3,269,494
1918.
1919
1920
192L.
1922.
1923
1924
1925
1926.
1927-
1928-
1929-
1930-
193L.
1932.
1933-
1934_.
1935..
1936
1937-.
1938-
1939-
1940
2,704,469
2,494,283
1,870,296
736,629
3,174,756
2,983,570
2,977,276
5,853,419
8,011,137
8,816,681
9,572,536
11,263,118
10,543,500
4,650,857
2,786,958
2,471,735
4,745,905
7,386,070
10,513,705
15,085,293
12,068,875
11,865,698
14,595,530
Amount Paid
  $16,598,110
1942   13,627,104
Year
1941
1943-
1944-
1945-.
1946
1947_.
1948.
1949.
11,860,159
11,367,732
10,487,395
15,566,047
27,940,213
37,672,319
33,651,096
1950  34,399,330
1951  40,921,238
1952  32,603,956
1953  22,323,089
1954  25,368,262
1955  35,071,583
1956  36,262,682
1957  24,247,420
1958  14,996,123
1959  16,444,281
1960  20,595,943
1961  20,720,239
Total  $663,166,111
 A 40                  MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1961—Continued
Lode-gold Mines1
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Erie  	
Nelson	
Tye Siding	
Gold  _____  . .
$94,872
25,000
25,000
17,759,500
1,884,885
1,437,500
1,679,976
565,588
37,500
472,255
5,254
9,375
668,5953
13,731
1,290,553
2,491,2363
134,025
11,751
2,040,000
780,000^
357,856
1,475,000
1,574,640
20,450
163,500
165,000
3,423,191
10,048,914
25,000
18,858,0755
1,914,183
98,674
308,0003
1,433,6403
3,796,875<s
2,425,0005
168,000
115,007
120,279
1,245,250
300,000
415,0023
108,623
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold	
Bridge River 	
Princess Royal Island	
WeUs	
Camp McKinney	
Nelson  	
Rossland 	
Oliver 	
Nelson   _.
Sheep Creek
Ymir 	
Hedley	
Wells „
Rossland  	
Greenwood  - -
Hedley...           	
Gold _
Gold  _
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd	
Cariboo-McKinney Con. M. & M. Co	
Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico)	
Centre Star _	
Fairview Amalgamated   — .— .
Fern Gold Mining & Milling Co. Ltd ,
Gold Belt Mining Co. Ltd.-   	
Gold _ .
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold-copper	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold-..	
Gold ___. .
Gold 	
Gold --   	
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines Ltd..—	
I.X.L  _
Jewel-Denero    __ 	
Kelowna Exploration Co. Ltd. (Nickel Plate)
Kelowna Mines Hedley Ltd   	
Gold -	
Gold. 	
Hedley. -	
Sheep Creek  	
Rossland.     	
Rossland . 	
Bridge River
Sheep Creek 	
Zeballos 	
Hedley...               	
Gold	
Gold-copper	
Gold-copper	
Gold  .
Le Roi Mining Co  .. .
Le Roi No. 2 Ltd	
T.orne (later Bralorne.)
Motherlode
Gold	
Gold	
Nickel Plate (Hedley Gold Mining Co. Ltd.)	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd.2.	
Gold    	
Gold  	
Gold 	
Nelson	
Premier-
Gold  -
Privateer Mine Ltd	
Queen (prior to Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.)..
Relief Arlington Mines Ltd. (Second Relief)	
Gold        	
Sheep Creek 	
Gold   	
Gold 	
Sheep Creek -   -   -
Sheep Creek - —
Premier  	
Zeballos	
Rossland 	
Surf Inlet	
Rossland	
Ymir                        .   	
Gold 	
Gold   	
Gold   	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd. 7 	
Silbak Premier Mines Ltd ._ 	
Spud Valley Gold Mines Ltd	
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines Ltd..	
Gold	
Gold-copper	
Gold	
Gold-copper        . .
Gold  	
Ymir Yankee Girl  	
Miscellaneous mines
Gold	
Gold	
$79,986,755
r
1 The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
2 Early in 1959 Bralorne Mines Ltd. and Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. were merged under the name of
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd., and dividend payments for 1959 and subsequent years are entered under the new
company listing.
3 Includes ". return of capital " and " liquidating " payments.
■4 Former Kelowna Exploration Company Limited; changed in January, 1951.
5 Up to and including 1936, dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company Limited were derived from
operations of the company in British Columbia.   Subsequent dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company
Limited have been derived from the operations of subsidiary companies in British Columbia and elsewhere and
are not included in the figure given.   In 1936, Silbak Premier, a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company,
took over the former gold operations of that company in British Columbia.   Dividends paid by Silbak Premier
are given above.
6 In several years, preceding 1953, company revenue included profits from operations of the Lucky Jim zinc-
lead mine.
7 Since March, 1956, company name is Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.
 STATISTICS A 41
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1961—Continued
Silver-Lead-Zinc Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Silver-lead-zinc.	
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc ....
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc . ..
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
SUver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc
$10,000
Base Metals Mining Corporation Ltd.  (Mon-
Field _
586,1431
97,200
48,000
Bell         _                   	
388,297
25,000
11,175,400
5,500
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Can-
Trail  __ _ ,
514,661,3512
Field-— _ _.
5,203
50,000
35,393
179,263
45,668
Hall Creek    .           	
8,904
132,464
Highland-Bell Ltd.
1,950,640
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
Three Forks _	
213,000
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257
70,500
71,387
45,088
Cody                       	
Three Forks 	
Cody    	
72,859
North Star
497,901
6,754
Slocan City  	
110,429
Sandon     	
Greenwood   	
1,438,000
142,2383
25,000
467,250
3,565,450
334,992
125,490
Providence 	
Rambler-Cariboo.  _    	
Rambler	
Cody.. —  	
Sandon    ...
Ruth Mines Ltd    	
566,000
243,750
1,267,600
1,715,333
10,365
2,734,688
88,000
164,000
390,000
64,000
850,000
135,000
20,000
30,867
592,515
278,620
70,239
Invermere	
Sandon   ._ 	
Silverton_   _ _
Retallack-	
Sunset and Trade Dollar
Ittira
Kaslo ._
New Denver  	
Reaverdell
Rambler Station- _     	
Silverton  ___
Retallack  	
Ainsworth _	
Violamac Mines (B.C.) Ltd 	
Wallace Mines Ltd. (Sally)	
Yale Lead and Zinc Mines Ltd.. 	
Miscellaneous mines ._._    _
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines 	
$546,403,998
1 Includes $466,143 " return of capital " distribution prior to 1949.
2 Earnings of several company mines, and custom smelter at Trail.
3 Includes $10,504 paid in 1944 but not included in the yearly figure.
* These two properties were amalgamated as Silversmith Mines Limited in August, 1939.
 A 42 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1961—Continued
Copper Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Britannia M. & S. Co.l                     	
Britannia Beach-  	
Greenwood	
Texada Island _ 	
Copper Mountain 	
Copper	
Copper	
Copper	
Copper —
Copper 	
Copper	
Copper	
$18,803,772
615,399
Cornell  ___   .
8,500
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co.z	
29,873,226
175,000
233,280
261,470
$49,970,647
i The Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Howe Sound Company
(Maine), paid the dividends shown to its parent company. On June 30, 1958, consolidation between the Howe
Sound Company (Maine) and Haile Mines Inc. became effective, bringing into existence Howe Sound Company
(Delaware). The Britannia mine became a division of the new Howe Sound Company, and in August Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co. was liquidated voluntarily.
2 The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company dividends commenced in 1904 and cover
all company activities in British Columbia to date. The figure includes all dividends, capital distributions,
and interim liquidating payments, the latter being $4,500,000, paid, in 1936, prior to reorganization.
Coal Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Nanaimo- _ 	
Telkwa    _   ~
Coal	
$16,000,000
RnlWey Vatlp.y Crvllipries Ltd
Coal 	
Coal     	
Coal 	
24,000
17,953,940
Canadian Collieries Resources Ltd.	
Nanaimo  _ _	
828,271
$34,806,211
Aggregate of All Classes
Lode-gold mining  $79,986,755
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting  546,403,998
Copper-mining  49,970,647
Coal-mining  34,806,211
Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold  14,437,188
Total  $725,604,799
Note.—The term " miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under,
together with payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
 STATISTICS
A 43
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for
Operations of All Classes
Class
Salaries and
Wages
Fuel and
Electricity
Process
Supplies
Lode-mining                           ..                             — ..
$33,257,369
74,233
3,437,044
3,230,0251
6,840,946
4,047,658
$4,694,429
21,411
290,184
361,7181
1,422,080
2,117,212
$11,998,998
3,385
642,731
1,518,7161
Miscellaneous metals and industrial minerals	
1,916,014
1,707,283
Totals, 1361	
$50,887,275
52,694,818
49,901,996
48,933,560
56,409,056
57,266,026
51,890,246
48,702,746
55,543,490
62,256,631
52,607,171
42,738,035
41,023,786
38,813,506
32,160,338
26,190,200
22,020,975
23,131,874
26,051,467
26,913,160
26,050,491
23,391,330
22,357,035
22,765,711
21,349,690
17,887,619
16,753,367
$8,907,034
7,834,728
7,677,321
8,080,989
8,937,567
9,762,777
9,144,034
7,128,669
8,668,099
8,557,845
7,283,051
6,775,998
7,206,637
6,139,470
5,319,470
5,427,458
7,239,726
5,788,671
7,432,585
7,066,109
3,776,747
3,474,721
3,266,000
3,396,106
3,066,311
2,724,144
2,619,639
$17,787,127
Totals, 1960                       _ 	
21,496,912
1959  	
17,371,638
1958.      ...                                	
15,053,036
1957                                          	
24,257,177
1956   _                                   	
22,036,839
1955     	
1954                             ..     _
21,131,572
19,654,724
1953                      	
20,979,411
1952	
1951    _  _	
27,024,500
24,724,101
1950.. _	
17,500,663
1949                                      .      .   _
17,884,408
1948                                          _     .
11,532,121
1947                      _	
13,068,948
1946               .    __
8,367,705
1945 _	
5,756,628
1944_
6,138,084
1943	
6,572,317
1942                        .                	
6,863,398
1941                              	
7,260,441
1940     _	
1939	
6,962,162
6,714,347
1938	
1937 _.__
6.544,500
6,845,330
1936 	
1935	
4,434,501
4,552,730
Grand totals, 1935-61    _.
$1,017,351,599
$172,701,604
$368,515,320
i These figures for the petroleum and natural-gas industry are from returns made on Dominion Bureau of
Statistics forms by thirty-one operators. The sum of the expenditures reported for salaries and wages, fuel and
electricity, and process supplies is $5,110,459. The Canadian Petroleum Association supplied figures indicating
expenditures by fifty-two companies in British Columbia in 1961, amounting to $59,400,000, which includes
$5,592,000 for salaries and wages; expenditures for fuel and electricity and process supplies are not reported
by the Canadian Petroleum Association. The items reported are given in the last paragraph of the Review on
page A 13.
Note.—" Process Supplies " include explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.
 A 44 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry,1 1901-61
I
3
__
<_»
u
rt
s
Lode-mining
M
_H
o
k_
B
a
o
a
o
O
s
o
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E
Coal-mining
Structural
Materials
I1
Year
_.
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o_
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_o
<
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u
S
•o
a
D
g
_o
<
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o
S2
E5
g-o
(A
i
0
H
1907	
1910	
299
415
355
341
425
688
874
1,134
1,122
1,291
1,124
1,371
1,303
1,252
1,004
939
489
212
255
209
347
360
348
303
327
205
230
132
199
103
105
67
75
99
86
74
2
2
1
2
2
o
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
o
3
3
o
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
o
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
3
3
3
3
3
4
3
2
o
2
2
1
1
1
1
736
219
662
143
470
680
704
567
184
472
435
472
773
741
709
1,212
1,126
1,088
1,163
1.240
1,303
1,239
1,127
1,070
1,237
1,159
1,364
1,505
1,433
1.435
3,948
3,345
2,750
3,306
3,710
3,983
3,943
3,694
3,254
3,709
3,594
3,837
4,278
4,174
4,144
5,393
5,488
4,390
4,259
3,679
2,330
2,749
3,618
4,033
5,138
4,341
4,587
5.178
4,978
3,576
2,297
2,255
3,121
4,525
4,237
4,799
5,421
6.115
	
808
854
911
	
2,461
2,842
2,748
3,041
3,101
3,137
3,278
3,127
3,415
2,862
4,432
4,713
5,903
5,212
5,275
4,950
4,267
931
910
1,127
1,175
1,280
1,390
907
1,641
1,705
1,855
1,661
1,855
1,721
1,465
3,974
4,011
4,264
4,453
4,407
4,805
3,769
6,073
6,418
7,758
6,873
7,130
6,671
5,732
4,991
5,060
5,170
5,247
5,966
6,349
	
493
647
412
492
843
460
536
376
377
536
931
724
900
652
827
766
842
673
690
921
827
977
1,591
2,120
1,916
1,783
1,530
1,909
1,861
1,646
1,598
1,705
1,483
1,357
1,704
1,828
324
138
368
544
344
526
329
269
187
270
288
327
295
311
334
413
378
326
351
335
555
585
656
542
616
628
557
559
638
641
770
625
677
484
557
508
	
124
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
360
754
825
938
369
561
647
422
7,922
7,356
7,014
7,759
8,117
8,788
7,712
9,767
9,672
11,467
1911..                    	
10,467
1912	
1914	
10,967
10,949
9,906
1915              	
3,708
1,283
9,135
1917....                     	
357|2,036
290J2.198
626|1,764
51311.746
3,694
3,760
3,658
4,145
4,191
1,366
1,410
1,769
1,821
2,158
10,453
10,658
1919	
9,637
10,225
1920	
074
355
510
102
353
298
606
671
707
926
316
463
355
786
796
740
959
603
849
905
023
901
920
394
896
933
918
024
143
034
399
785
171
145
644
564
637
393
919
937
782
78K
1,605
975
1,239
1,516
1,680
2,840
1,735
1,916
2,469
2,052
1,260
834
900
1,335
1,729
1,497
1,840
1,818
2.266
10,028
1921. .                	
4.72212.16316.885
9,215
1922	
4,712|1,932
4,342|1,807
3,894|1,524
3,828|1,615
3,757|1,565
3,646|1,579
3,814|1,520
3,675|1,353
3,389|1,256
2,95711.125
6,644
6,149
5,418
5,443
5,322
5,225
5,334
5,028
4,645
4,082
3,608
3,094
2,893
2,971
2,814
3,153
2,962
2,976
2,874
2,723
2,360
2,851
2,839
2,430
2,305
2,425
2,466
2,306
2,261
1,925
1,681
1,550
1,434
1,478
1,366
9,393
1926                   	
9,767
9,451
10,581
14,172
1927	
14,830
1928	
15,424
1929	
96612,948
15,565
1930	
832
581
542
531
631
907
720
1,168
919
996
1,048
1,025
960
891
849
822
672
960
1,126
1,203
1,259
1,307
1,516
1,371
1,129
1,091
1,043
838
625
618
648
626
3,197
3,157
2,036
2,436
2,890
2,771
2,678
3,027
3,158
3,187
2,944
3,072
3,555
2,835
2,981
2,834
2,813
3,461
3,884
3,763
3,759
4,044
4,120
3,901
3,119
3,304
3,339
3,328
3,081
3,008
3,034
14,032
1631	
12,171
1932	
2.628
2,241
2,050
2,145
2,015
2.286
2,088
2,167
2,175
2,229
980
853
843
826
799
867
874
809
699
494
10,524
1933	
11,369
1934	
12,985
1935	
13,737
1936	
14,179
1937	
16.129
1938	
16.021
1939	
2,050|5,955
2,104|6,027
1,823|5,724
1,504|4,424
1,699|4,093
1,825|3,721
1,750|3,683
1,817|3,735
2,238|5,262
2,429|5,572
2,724|5,758
2,415|5,814
3,695|7,480
3,923|8,094
2,589|5,734
2,520|5,164
2,553|5,117
2,827|5,464
2,447|4,840
1,80913.728
1,761|3,698
1,959|3,741
1.58213.367
15,890
1940   ..        	
15,705
1941                          	
15.084
1942	
1.892
468
262|13,270
1943   	
2,240|    611
2,150|    689
1,927|    503
1,773|    532
1,694|    731
1,594|    872
1.7611    545
567[12,448
628|12,314
1944	
1945   ...             	
586|11.820
1946	
679|11,933
1947   ...             	
869|14,899
1948 	
754|16,397
1949   	
626|16,621
1950	
1,745
1,462
1,280
1,154
1,076
516
463
401
396
358
660|16,612
1951	
491|17,863
1952 	
529|18,257
1953          	
634|15,790
1954  	
584|14,12g
722|14,102
1955	
1.100
378
1956	
968|    398
854|14,539
1957	
1.0201    360
1.380
474|13,257
1958	
826
765
894
260|1,086
291 1,056
288|l,182
2371    942
446)11,201
1959	
459|10,779
589|11,541
1960                        	
1961                	
3.118
705
571111,034
1             1             1
1
I
1 Mining industry includes all branches of the mineral industry except petroleum and natural gas.
2 The average number employed in the industry is the sum of the averages for individual companies. The
average for each company is obtained by taking the sum of the numbers employed each month and dividing by
12, regardless of the number of months worked.
 statistics
A 45
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines,
Net and Gross Value,4 1901-61
Year
Tonnage1
Number
of
Shipping
Mines
Number
of Mines
Shipping
over 100
Tons
Gross Value
as Reported
by Shipper2
Freight
and
Treatment2
Net Value
to
Shipper3
Gross
Value of
Lode
Metals
Produced4
1901.
1902.
1903.
1904.
1905.
1906.
1907.
1908.
1909.
1910.
1911.
1912.
1913.
1914.
1915.
1916.
1917.
1918
1919.
1920.
1921.
1922.
1923
1924.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959.
1960
1961
926,162
009.016
288,466
461.609
706,679
903,872
805,614
083,606
057,713
216,428
770,755
688,532
663,809
175,971
720,669
.229,942
.797,368
,912,516
146,920
,215,445
586,428
592,163
447,672
413,912
,849,269
775,327
416,411
241,672
977,903
804,276
549,622
354,904
,063,775
,141,744
27,204
,381,173
145,244
377,117
212,171
949,736
007,937
,894.844
788,864
879,851
377,722
,705,594
.011,271
,762,321
,125,460
,802,482
,972,400
,174.617
,660,281
,513,865
120,902
827,037
282,436
,402.198
,990,085
,242,703
392,161
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
168
185
211
217
216
200
126
48
51
36
50
75
97
118
112
119
95
80
63
53
70
59
57
60
67
59
I
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
51
58
56
59
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
82
22
29
47
89
72
70
113
92
99
92
96
76
82
81
27
32
33
51
54
58
64
58
48
40
34
40
40
28
44
31
39
$48,617
40,222,
45,133,
50,004,
52,354,
50,494,
37,234,
29.327,
34,154,
48,920
81,033
118,713
99,426
108,864
142,590,
140,070,
94,555,
106,223,
119,039
125,043
95,644,
83,023
92,287
114,852
112,488
920
237
788
909
870
041
070
114
917
971
093
859
678
792
427
389
069
833
285
590
930
111
277
061
,918
$4,663,843
4,943,754
4,416,919
6,334,611
5,673,048
5,294,037
3,940,367
2,877,706
2,771,292
2,904,130
4,722,010
18,585,183
19,613,185
22,113,431
25,096,743
|   30,444,575
j   27,815,152
j   29,135,673
|   30,696,044
|  31,933,681
|  30,273,900
|   28,068,396
I   27,079,911
I   29,505,158
1   30,304,050
$38,558,613
27,750,364
29,070,075
34,713,887
21,977,688
10,513,931
7,075,393
13,976,358
20,243,278
25,407,914
30,051,207
43,954,077
35,278,483
40,716,869
43,670,298
46,681,822
45,199,404
33,293,703
26,449,408
31,383,025
46,016,841
76,311,087
100,128,727
79,814,604
86,751,361
117,493,684
106,601,451
66,739,892
77,088,160
88,343,241
93,110,262
65,370,185
54,955,069
65,208,728
85,346,903
82,184,868
$13,287,947
11,136,162
11,579,382
12,309,035
15,180,164
17,484,102
16,222,097
14,477,411
14,191,141
13,228,731
11,454,063
17,662,766
17,190,838
15,225,061
19,992,149
31,483,014
26,788,474
27,595,278
19,756,648
19,451,725
12,925,448
19,228.257
25,348,399
35,538,247
46,200,135
51,508,031
44,977,082
48.281,825
51,720,436
41,292,980
22,900,229
19,705,043
25,057,007
34,071,955
40.662,633
43,813,898
62,950,536
53,878,093
53,554,092
61,735,604
62,607,882
59,694,192
52,651,868
39,369,738
48,724,001
56,653,485
93,124,847
121,696,891
107,775,413
113,464,619
147,646,989
144,151,515
123,619,837
120,829,789
138,145,095
143,546,586
119,409,764
100.591,049
100.549,519
125,674,531
123,913,897
1 Includes ores of iron, mercury, nickel, tungsten, and silica (flux).
2 Data not collected before 1937.
3 Previous to 1937 the shipper reported " Net Value at Shipping Point," no indication being given as to how
the net value was computed. From 1937 on, the shipper has reported " Gross Value," from which deduction of
freight and treatment gives " Net Value."
4 Gross value calculated by valuing gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury (1938-44, 1955), and nickel
(1936-37, 1958-60) at yearly average prices, and iron (1901-03, 1907, 1918-23, 1928, 1948-60) and tungsten
(1939-45, 1947-58) at values given by operators.
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A 50
 STATISTICS
A 51
Table XV.—Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten
or More Persons during 1961x
Days
Operating
Tons
Average Number
Employed
Mine
Mill
Mined
Milled
Mine
Mill
Shipping Mines
Bluebell (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)	
254
365
280
365
170
365
365
280
365
242
266
306
357
306
260
252
247
300
252
254
354
365
365
107
140
365
365
279
365
272
359
357
306
365
349
247
355
276
252,821
154,040
37,944
484,073
535,833
260,583
472,731
461,601
374,032
18,954
5,086
211,010
201,123
666,361
420,372
420,508
2,461,695
894,621
8,153
3,174
252,821
154,040
37,944
484,073
535,833
260,583
472,731
461,601
374,032
18,954
272
336
97
218
80
143
105
310
152
33
19
85
16
39
48
87
888
159
19
13
22
21
26
19
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd. (Bralorne Division)	
20
9
11
Empire Development Co. Ltd. and Mannix Co. Ltd.
8
22
H.B. (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)   ,
12
27
11
6
211,010
201,123
666,361
420,372
420,508
2,461,695
893,892
8,153
11
Mother Lode (Consolidated Woodgreen Mines Ltd.)~
19
35
19
22
Sullivan (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.).
320
38
1
Non-shipping Mines
Canam Copper Co. Ltd    	
Coast Copper (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.).	
	
l The average number employed includes wage-earners and salaried employees.   The average is obtained by
adding the monthly figures and dividing by 12, irrespective of the number of months worked.
 Departmental Work
ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the Provincial laws regarding the acquisition of rights to mineral and to coal, petroleum and
natural gas, and deals with other departments of the Provincial service for the
Department or for any branch.
Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-Mining Recorders, whose
duties are laid down in the Mineral Act and the Placer-mining Act, administer these
Acts and other Acts relating to mining. Mining Recorders, in addition to then-
own functions, may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners
with regard to mineral claims within the mining division for which they have been
appointed. Similar duties may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to
placer claims but not in respect of placer-mining leases. Recording of location and
of work upon a mineral claim as required by the Mineral Act and upon a placer
claim or a placer-mining lease as required by the Placer-mining Act must be made at
the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the claim or lease
is located. Information concerning claims and leases and concerning the ownership
and standing of claims and leases in any mining division may be obtained from the
Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated or from
the Department's offices at Victoria, and Room 101, 739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. Officials in the offices of the Gold Commissioner at Victoria and the Gold
Commissioner at Vancouver act as Sub-Mining Recorders for all mining divisions.
Sub-Mining Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are appointed at various places
throughout the Province. They are authorized to accept documents and fees, and
forward them to the office of the Mining Recorder for the correct mining division.
Officials and their offices in various parts of the Province are listed in the table on
page A 53.
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)
Transcripts of all recordings in Mining Recorders' offices throughout the
Province are sent to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner in Victoria twice
each month, and include the names of lessees of reverted surveyed mineral claims.
These records and maps showing the approximate positions of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases may be consulted by the public during office
hours at Victoria and at the office of the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver, Room
101, 739 West Hastings Street. The maps conform in geographical detail, size,
and number to the reference and mineral reference maps issued by the Legal Surveys Branch of the Department of Lands and Forests, and the approximate positions
of mineral claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are plotted from details
supplied by the locators. Provision has been made to supply the general public,
on request to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner, with copies of the maps.
The charge for these maps is $ 1 plus 5 per cent tax for each sheet.
A 52
 departmental work a 53
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province
Mining Division
Location of Office
Gold Commissioner
Mining Recorder
T. G. O'Neill 	
T. G. O'Neill.
Afin
Atlin	
T. R. McKinnon
T. R. McKinnon.
F F. P  Hiifhea
F. E. P. Hughes.
R. H. Archibald	
E. L. Hedley    "
R. H. Archibald.
Fnrt Start n
E. L. Hedley.
R. E. Manson	
R. Macgregor 	
D. Dalgleish
Grand Forks  _	
D. Dalgleish.
Victoria  ,
Lillooet—  	
R. H. McCrimmon.
E. B. Offin... .   	
E. B. Offin.
W. H. Cochrane	
K. D. McRae	
W. H. Cochrane.
K. D. McRae.
New Westminster 	
Merritt   	
J. F. McDonald	
G. C. Kimberley.
T. S. Dobson 	
G. H. Beley	
T. S. Dobson.
G. H. Beley.
T. S. Dalby  	
W. T. McGruder.....	
T. S. Dalby.
Revelstoke 	
Revelstoke    .
W. T. McGruder.
Prince Rupert _	
T. H. W. Harding	
W. E. McLean 	
W. L. Draper
T. H. W. Harding.
W. E. McLean.
W. L. Draper.
Miss S. Hyham (Deputy).
G. F. Forbes.
E. J. Bowles.
Vancouver	
Vernon  	
Vancouver   . .
Vernon 	
J. Egdell    	
G. F. Forbes __ 	
R. H. McCrimmon 	
 A 54
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
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H H
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 55
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act and for the Coal Act. Information concerning applications for permits and leases issued under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act and
concerning the ownership and standing of them may be obtained upon application
to the office of the Chief Commissioner, Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Similar information may be obtained respecting licences
and leases issued under the Coal Act. Maps showing the locations of permits and
leases under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act are available, and copies may be
obtained upon application to the office of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Monthly reports listing additions and revisions to permit-
location maps and listing changes in title to permits, licences, and leases and related
matters are available from the office of the Chief Commissioner upon application
tand payment of the required fee.
Coal Revenue, 1961
Licences—
Fees	
Rental-
Leases—
Fees_
$575.00
9,417.95
$100.00
$9,992.95
Rental     286.95
Cash in lieu      100.00
  486.95
$10,479.90
At the end of 1961, 33,925,009 acres, or approximately 53,000 square miles,
of Crown petroleum and natural-gas rights, issued pursuant to the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Act, were held in good standing. This acreage, held by operators ranging from small independent companies to major international ones, was comprised
of:—
424 permits
5 natural-gas licences
32 drilling reservations
2,006 leases 	
Petroleum and Natural-gas Revenue, 1961
Acres
25,898,913
159,027
546,699
7,320,370
33,925,009
Rentals and fees—
Permits 	
Drilling reservations
Natural-gas licences
$2,856,551
59,989
12,638
Petroleum,   natural-gas,   and   petroleum
and natural-gas leases     3,616,123
Total rentals     $6,545,301
 A 56
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Sale of Crown reserves—
Permits 	
Drilling reservations
Leases	
$1,493,679
3,082,821
3,065,391
Total Crown reserve sales     $7,641,891
Royalties—
Gas  $1,152,396
Oil        207,392
Processed products        119,405
Total royalties       1,479,193
Miscellaneous fees  23,817
Total petroleum and natural-gas revenues  $15,690,202
ANALYTICAL AND ASSAY BRANCH
By S. W. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer
Rock Samples
During 1961 the chemical laboratory in Victoria issued reports on 1,927
samples from prospectors* and Departmental engineers. A laboratory examination
of a prospector's sample generally consists of the following: (1) A spectrographic
analysis to determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages;
(2) assays for precious metals and for base metals shown by the spectrographic
analysis to be present in interesting percentages. The degree of radioactivity is
measured on all samples submitted by prospectors and Departmental engineers;
these radiometric assays are not listed in the table below.
The laboratory reports were distributed in the following manner among prospectors who were not grantees, prospectors who were grantees under the Prospectors'
Grub-stake Act, and Departmental engineers:—
Samples
Spectrographic
Analyses
Assays
Prospectors (not grantees)..
Prospectors (grantees)	
Departmental engineers	
Totals _
1,308
311
308
1,927
1,285
307
154
3,066
748
742
1,756
4,556
Samples submitted to the laboratory for identification are examined by the
Mineralogical Branch of the Department. During the year such samples numbered 140.
Petroleum and Natural-gas Samples
Reports were issued on forty-six samples. Of this number, nineteen were
samples of formation waters from wells being drilled for gas and oil in the Province;
five were supposedly waters from the same source but actually were drilling-muds,
and therefore no analyses were performed on them; eight were samples tested for
oil seeps;  seven were condensates;  one was a tank-bottom sample in which the
* A reasonable number of samples are assayed, without charge, for a prospector who makes application for
free assays and who satisfies the Chief Analyst that prospecting is his principal occupation during the summer
months.   A form for use in applying for free assays may be obtained from the office of any Mining Recorder.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 57
amount of water was determined; one was a sample of petroleum; four were samples
submitted by engineers of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch;  and one was
a natural gas.   Nineteen spectrographic analyses were reported on samples in this
category.
Coal Samples
Reports were issued on forty-six samples of coal submitted by the Purchasing
Commission for proximate analysis and calorific value.
Miscellaneous Samples
Reports were issued on eighty-seven samples of a miscellaneous nature.
For the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, four samples of rock were
spectrographed and assayed for both precious and base metals. One sample from
the Deputy Minister of the same Department was treated similarly.
For die Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the Department, spectrographic
analyses were performed on two glass vials made by different manufacturers. Three
types of commercial gels used in oil drilling operations were examined to determine
the nature of the thickening agent used, and in addition two samples from stockpiles
of gel in the Peace River area were investigated for the same reason. A sample of
bran from the same area was examined for chemicals which may be poisonous to
cattle.
For the British Columbia Research Council, spectrograpic analyses were performed on five samples.
For the Purchasing Commission, five samples of anti-freeze were compared,
and in addition two cements.
For the Department of Agriculture, five samples were spectrographed and four
of these were analysed for their content of the oxides of calcium and magnesium.
Nineteen quantitative spectrographic determinations were performed on each of
twenty-six samples of soil and plant ash. A white powder on holly leaves was identified as calcium carbonate.   A sample of gypsum also was examined.
For the Department of Lands and Forests (Forest Research), ten samples of
soil were spectrographed and ninety chemical analyses were performed on the same
samples.
For the Department of Highways (Materials Testing Branch), spectrographic
analyses were performed on two copper tubes. One water sample was examined
for its lead content and another for the presence of sulphur compounds. A white
layer on a piece of concrete was examined and found to be calcium carbonate. The
oil content of two samples of gasoline was determined, and a spectrographic analysis
was performed on a sample of soil.
For the British Columbia Hydro, the nature of a sediment plugging plastic
tubes at a dam-site was determined by spectrographic means.
For the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, a metal plating was spectrographed.
For the Victoria City Water Works, two water samples were analysed for comparison purposes.
For citizens of the Province, the following materials were examined: A sample
of pozzolan was spectrographed for the presence of rare metals; a fatty material
found on a beach was examined; the chloride content of two waters was determined,
and an analysis was performed on another water sample; a spectrographic analysis
was performed on a rock sample, which was also assayed for precious and base
metals. A sample of clay was submitted by a citizen who had obtained it in Denmark and wished to determine whether such a clay occurred in the Province; the
X-ray diffraction pattern indicated that the clay mineral was illite.
 A 58 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
X-ray Powder Diffraction Analyses
One hundred and five analyses of this type were performed for identification
purposes.
Examination for Assayers
A Provincial Government examination for certificates of competency and
licence to practise assaying in British Columbia was held at Victoria and Trail in
December. Two candidates passed the examination, four were granted supple-
mentals, and one failed.
INSPECTION BRANCH
Organization and Staff
Inspectors and Resident Engineers
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines Victoria
L. Wardman, Senior Electrical Inspector of Mines Victoria
E. R. Hughes, Senior Inspector of Mines Victoria
J. E. Merrett, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
A. R. C. James, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
J. D. McDonald, Inspector and Resident Engineer Nelson
D. R. Morgan, Inspector and Resident Engineer Fernie
David Smith, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
W. C. Robinson, Inspector and Resident Engineer Prince Rupert
The Inspectors are stationed at the places listed and inspect coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their respective districts. They also examine prospects, mining properties, and roads and trails.
E. R. Hughes supervised the Department's roads and trails programme and
prospectors' grub-stakes.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations
Arthur Williams Fernie Station
W.H.Childress Nelson Station
T. H. Robertson Kamloops Station
W. High (part time) Cumberland Station
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman and Secretary Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Member Fernie
R. B. Bonar, A. R. C. James, D. R. Morgan, and the mine-rescue instructors
for the district in which an examination is being held form the Board for granting
certificates of competency to coal-miners.
An Inspector is empowered to grant provisional certificates to coal-miners for
a period not exceeding sixty days between regular examinations.
Board of Examiners for Shiftbosses (Metalliferous Mines)
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Member Vancouver
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 59
The Board conducts written examinations in various mining centres for applicants for underground shiftboss certificates. The Board is also empowered to grant
provisional certificates without examination under such conditions as the Board
considers necessary.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH
Field work by officers of the Mineralogical Branch includes geological mapping
and examination of mineral deposits, and studies related to ground-water and engineering geology. The results are published partly in the Annual Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources and partly in a series of bulletins. The
Mineralogical Branch supplies information regarding mineral deposits and the mineral industry, in response to inquiries received in great number. The activities of
the Branch also include identification of rock and mineral specimens submitted
directly by prospectors and others, or through the Analytical Branch.
Professional Staff
On December 31, 1961, the professional staff included the following engineers
classified as geologists or mineral engineers: H. Sargent, Chief of the Mineralogical
Branch; M. S. Hedley, S. S. Holland, J. W. McCammon, N. D. McKechnie, G. E. P.
Eastwood, J. T. Fyles, A. Sutherland Brown, J. M. Carr, W. G. Jeffery, W. C. Jones,
A. F. Shepherd, and J. E. Hughes. In November Dr. Jeffery went on leave for a
year in order to go to Ghana on a Canadian external aid mission.
Technical editing of the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and of other publications was directed by M. S. Hedley. Copy for
printing was prepared by and under the direction of the editor for English, Mrs.
Rosalyn J. Moir. Messrs. Hedley and Holland assisted in directing and supervising
field work. Most of the other members of the professional staff are assigned to
mapping the geology of selected areas and of mineral deposits. Mr. McCammon
is responsible for studies of industrial minerals and structural materials, and Mr.
Shepherd for records and library.
Field Work
A. Sutherland Brown with one assistant nearly completed the areal mapping
of the Queen Charlotte Islands. A large part of Graham Island underlain by Tertiary volcanic rocks was mapped rapidly, using a helicopter after a previous photo-
geological study. The northern part of Moresby and eastern part of Graham Islands
were mapped, using a land rover and inflatable speedboat.
J. M. Carr visited and examined many copper deposits in southern, central,
and northwestern British Columbia, including the Princeton, Merritt, Poison Mountain, Taseko Lake, Granduc-Unuk, and Stikine River areas.
G. E. P. Eastwood with one assistant made petrographic and structural studies
at several magnetite occurrences on Vancouver Island. The studies were concentrated mainly at Kennedy Lake and at the Merry Widow property (Mannix mine).
At the latter the study was made in collaboration with W. G. Jeffery, who was carrying on 1-mile mapping in the area.
J. T. Fyles with three assistants continued mapping in the North Kootenay
Lake-Duncan Lake area. The work included mapping at 500 feet to the inch and
1,000 feet to the inch in two localities near Ainsworth, and mapping at 2,000 feet
to the inch in the vicinity of Duncan Lake. The work also included a reconnaissance
west of Meadow Mountain.
 A 60 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
Visits were paid to six mines or prospects in the Kootenay Lake-Salmo area
and at the Wigwam property south of Revelstoke and a property on Ruddoch
Creek, 60 miles northwest of Revelstoke.
S. S. Holland made studies regarding alluvial jade on the Fraser and Yalakom
Rivers in the Lillooet area and on Wheaton Creek at the head of Turnagain River,
visited placer ground in the Bridge River, Horsefly, Likely-Keithley Creek, and
Manson Creek areas, and placer operations in the Wells-Barkerville area, and
examined operations at Squaw Creek and McConnell Creek. He visited lode-metal
properties in the Telkwa, Hazelton, Wedeene River, and Stewart areas, and an
appraisal was made of the possibility of structural mapping on Bear Ridge in the
Stewart area.
J. E. Hughes began a study of Devonian strata in the northern Rocky Mountains and in cores from drill-holes. The surface study was in the Stone Range and
along Racing River, Alaska Highway, mileage 392 to 428. Cores examined were
from holes in the Fort Nelson-Clarke Lake area.
W. G. Jeffery with four assistants continued mapping in an area in northern
Vancouver Island, including Alice and Kathleen Lakes, and extending to Neroutsos
Arm and Rupert Inlet. A preliminary geological map of the area has been prepared
for publication at 1 mile to 1 inch.
W. C. Jones made studies regarding damsites involving geological mapping
and evaluation of test-drill results, test-pit data, and seismic data for damsites on
McGregor River, Clearwater River (Clearwater-Azure site), and Cariboo River
(Cariboo Falls site), and mapped geologically the Hobson Lake-Summit Lake and
Grand Canyon (Fraser River) sites.
J. W. McCammon examined industrial mineral and structural material occurrences or operations in many parts of the Province, completed a study of limestone
deposits in the Vernon area, and examined molybdenite deposits at Towloon Lake,
Sands Creek, and Takomkane (Boss) Mountain, and lead-zinc showings at Agate
Bay on Adams Lake and at East Barriere Lake.
N. D. McKechnie examined and mapped lode-metal mines and prospects at
Jordan River, Shawnigan Lake, Tranquil Inlet, and Mount Washington, on Vancouver Island, at Hedley, Olalla, Greenwood, Martel, and selected properties in the
Merritt area.
The Department participated with the Geological Survey of Canada in an
aeromagnetic survey that covered much of the area of moderate relief in central
British Columbia. The area is of irregular outline and lies between 52 degrees 15
minutes and 56 degrees 00 minutes north latitude and mainly between 121 degrees
30 minutes and 125 degrees 00 minutes west longitude.
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS BRANCH
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is responsible for the administration
of the " Regulation Governing the Drilling of Wells and the Production and Conservation of Oil and Natural Gas," made pursuant to the Petroleum and Natural Gas
Act. The regulation provides for the use of efficient and safe practices in the
drilling, completion, and abandonment of wells; for the orderly development of
fields discovered within the Province; and for the conservation and prevention of
waste of oil and natural gas within the reservoir and during production operations.
Investigations are made of complaints of property damage resulting from geophysical and test-hole drilling programmes. The " Geophysical Regulations " are
administered by the Chief Petroleum and Natural Gas Commissioner.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 61
Staff
J. D. Lineham, Chief of the Branch Victoria
R. R. McLeod, Senior Petroleum Engineer and member of the
Board of Arbitration Victoria
A. N. Lucie-Smith, Senior Petroleum Engineer and Chairman
of the Conservation Committee Victoria
W. L. Ingram, Petroleum Engineer Victoria
K. C. Gilbart, Petroleum Engineer Victoria
E. V. Rehwald, Petroleum Engineer Victoria
T. A. Mackenzie, Statistician Victoria
S. S. Cosburn, Geologist Victoria
D. L. Griffin, Geologist Victoria
D. M. Callan, Assistant Geologist Victoria
P. K. Huus, Engineering Assistant Victoria
M. B. Hamersley, Engineering Assistant Victoria
G. E. Blue, District Engineer Charlie Lake
H. B. Fulton, Field Geologist Charlie Lake
D. L. Johnson, Field Engineer Charlie Lake
H. A. Sharp, Engineering Assistant Charlie Lake
M. A. Churchill, Engineering Assistant Charlie Lake
The total Branch staff numbered twenty-five at the end of the year, including
the above-named personnel, of whom seventeen were employed at headquarters and
eight in the field office at Charlie Lake.
Staff Changes
There were no resignations from the professional or technical staff.
D. L. Johnson, a 1961 graduate in chemical engineering from the University
of Alberta, joined the field staff as a petroleum engineer on July 3rd.
D. M. Callan returned from educational leave of absence on July 7th. Mr.
Callan, who was awarded a diploma in petroleum reservoir engineering by the
Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, England, resumed work with
the Geology Section.
G. V. Rehwald was transferred on August 8th from the field office to Victoria
to assume duties in the Reserves and Evaluation Section.
An additional man was employed on a permanent basis for sample-washing
and core-handling duties at the field office.
Administration
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is subdivided for administrative purposes into five sections, each of which is headed by a supervisor who is responsible
for a specific phase of Branch work. There is a field office, including sample-washing and core-storage facilities, at Charlie Lake. The sections and respective section
heads are as follows: Reservoir Engineering, R. R. McLeod; Reserves and Evaluation, A. N. Lucie-Smith; Development Engineering, W. L. Ingram; Geology, S. S.
Cosburn; Statistics and Well Records, T. A. Mackenzie; and Field Office, G. E.
Blue.
Board of Arbitration
Chairman: A. W. Hobbs, solicitor, Department of the Attorney-General.
Members: R. R. McLeod, engineer, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources; S. G. Preston, agrologist, Department of Agriculture.
 A 62 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
The Board of Arbitration, responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, held one hearing in 1961 at Fort St. John.
Eleven applications concerning right of entry came before the Board. Of
these, one was settled by an award order of the Board, five were pending at the
end of the year, three were concluded by agreement between parties subsequent to
Board order, and two were settled by agreement between parties while a hearing
was pending.
Conservation Committee
Chairman: A. N. Lucie-Smith, petroleum engineer. Members: N. D. Mc-
Kechnie, geologist; M. H. A. Glover, economist.
An application by Sun Oil Company to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources for a Pool MPR (Maximum Permissible Rate) for its Blueberry Mississippian Oil Field was referred to the Conservation Committee. The application
was made to enable the company to meet a temporary refinery commitment in excess
of the sum of the individual MPR's of the four potential producers in the field at
that time.
The decision reached by the Committee was that a Pool MPR was only justified
after a field had been fully delimited by drilling and was about to enter into a unitized
operation for the purpose of pressure maintenance or secondary recovery and therefore, in this particular instance, there was no justification for changing for the
temporary benefit of one operator the existing policy of individual well MPR's.
The Minister did not approve the application of Sun Oil Company but agreed
to consider overproduction on a temporary basis, provided the equity of other
operators in the Province was not thereby affected.
GRUB-STAKING PROSPECTORS
Under authority of the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act the Department has provided grub-stakes each year since 1943 to a limited number of applicants able to
qualify. The normal maximum grub-stake is $300, with an additional amount up
to $200 for travelling expenses. A limited number of experienced prospectors of
proven ability may be granted top priority grub-stakes of as much as $400, plus
a maximum of $300 for travelling expenses, where prospecting is to be done in
approved areas where air transportation is necessary.
To qualify at the present time, the Department requires that the applicant shall
be a bona fide prospector holding a free miner's certificate. He must be a British
subject, between the ages of 18 and 70 years, and must have resided in British
Columbia during the year preceding the date of application. He must be able to
identify common rocks and minerals. The grub-staked prospector is provided with
maps, a current list of prices of metals and ores, and the latest Departmental information circulars on prospecting and related matters.
It is required that in order to obtain the maximum grub-stake he agree to
spend at least sixty days actually prospecting in the area of his choice in British
Columbia considered favourably by officers of the Department. If he prospects a
lesser time, the grant will be reduced proportionately. The grant is usually made
in two payments: the first at the beginning of the season and the second after he
has completed sixty days in the field and has submitted a diary. In the past, rebates
have been recovered from grantees to whom payments have exceeded the proper
amount for the time and effort devoted to prospecting. A field engineer is employed
who contacts as many prospectors as he is able during the field season and gives
advice and direction to those who need it. Grantees are permitted a reasonable
number of free assays.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 63
The grub-stakes are granted with the object of maintaining the search for
mineral occurrences with mine-making possibilities. Any discoveries made, staked,
and recorded are exclusively the grantee's own property. The grants are not
intended for the purpose of exploring and developing occurrences already found,
but one year is allowed to prospect ground that has been staked by a grantee while
on a grub-stake. The grantee must not accept pay from other sources for services
rendered during the period credited to the grub-stake.
It is recognized that competent and experienced prospectors are capable of
looking after themselves in wilderness areas. Nevertheless, experience has shown
that less hazard may result when prospecting is done by two or three men in a team.
A man working alone may be injured or be taken seriously ill and, if alone, he may
have to endure extreme hardship and pain.
Grub-stake grantees are not working for the Government but are self-employed
and are not covered under the provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Therefore, it is recommended that prospectors make their own arrangements concerning insurance coverage to provide for medical and other expenditures that may
be incurred in the event of an accident.
Statistical information covering the grub-stake programme since its inception
is given in the following table:—
Grub-stake Statistics
Field Season
Approximate
Expenditure
Men
Grub-staked
Samples and
Specimens
Received at
Department
Laboratory
Mineral
Claims
Recorded
1943 	
$18,500
27,215
27,310
35,200
36,230
35,975
31,175
26,800
19,385
19,083
17,850
19,989
21,169
20,270
22,000
24,850
21,575
28,115
29,175
90
105
84
95
91
92
98
78
63
50
41
48
47
47
46
47
38
50
47
773
606
448
419
469
443
567
226
255
251
201
336
288
163
174
287
195
358
309
87
1944                        -    —
135
1945
181
1946               - -	
162
1947
142
1948 .   	
1949
138
103
19SD
95
1951                            	
137
1952
95
1953        	
141
1954
1955      ..
1956.. _	
1957       ...
1958 	
217
101
1959	
202
241
1960   	
1961   	
Samples and specimens received from grub-staked prospectors are spectrographed, assayed, and tested for radioactivity. Mineralogical identifications are
made on request.
One hundred and seventeen applications were received in 1961, and forty-eight
grub-stakes were authorized. One of the grantees was unable to go out, and he
returned his initial payment. Six other grantees were unable to complete the terms
and conditions of the grant and received only partial payment. Fourteen prospectors were given grants for the first time, and three proved unsatisfactory. A few
grantees used aircraft for transportation to their prospecting areas. Two grantees
were affected by injury or sudden illness, but each man was accompanied by a partner who took care of him.
 A 64 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
D. H. Rae again gave able service in interviewing applicants and supervising
grantees in the field. He was able to contact thirty grantees in the field, of whom
twenty-one were contacted at the actual scene of prospecting. The following notes
have been largely compiled from Mr. Rae's observations while in the field and from
information provided in the diaries of the grantees.
Alberni Mining Division.—Three miles from the head of Kennedy Lake a
granodiorite contact was prospected; on Canoe Creek small limonite deposits were
investigated. Near Taylor Arm on Sproat Lake, narrow quartz veins containing
minor amounts of chalcopyrite were prospected.
The southwest portion of Tzartus Island (Barkley Sound) was prospected, and
small outcrops of magnetite were investigated. Also in this area, along a granite-
limestone contact, massive pyrrhotite containing minor amounts of chalcopyrite was
given some attention. Some work was also done near Marble Cove, and in the
Sarita River valley where considerable pyrrhotite was found. Sampling showed
nothing of economic importance. Similar showings were found near Moyeha Bay.
At Effingham Inlet a granite-limestone contact was investigated. A similar contact
zone was found near Kildonan Lake and at Hecate Mountain.
Atlin Mining Division. — In the Sittakanay River valley considerable trail-
cutting was done, several small gossans were prospected, and minor amounts of
pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite were observed. Some work was done on King Solomon
River, in the King Solomon Mountain area, at Mount Manville, and in the nearby
Taku River valley. One mineralized zone showed low values in manganese. A shear
zone 350 feet long and up to 20 feet wide returned disappointing assays. In the
Kwashona Creek valley, field work indicated some small gossans, sparse chalcopyrite
mineralization, and some pyrrhotite lenses, but nothing economic was reported.
Considerable work was done from a base camp off Windy Arm, covering part
of Nakina River valley and the area adjacent to Yeth Creek and Katina Creek.
In the vicinity of Chikoida Mountain, narrow stringers of asbestos fibre in serpentine were investigated, but the occurrence proved to extend over an area too small
to be of importance. Some work was also done in the Tatshenshini River valley
and on some of its tributaries. Nothing of commercial importance was reported,
although numerous narrow quartz stringers containing minor amounts of galena
and chalcopyrite were found. One wide, sparsely mineralized zone and a 10-foot-
wide quartz vein were located high above the valley.
Cariboo Mining Division.—Some inconclusive work was done in the Goat
River-Killam Creek-Isaac Lake areas. One narrow vein containing minor amounts
of galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyrite was reported.
Near Davie Lake in the Chuchinka Creek valley, many rock samples were taken
and brought in for identification, and some pyritic zones were sampled and assayed.
Near Likely a pyritized zone (shear) was uncovered, but the assays of samples taken
were too low to be of interest. Near Giscome a large area underlain by serpentine
was prospected, but no asbestos was found. Some work was done in the Sinkut
River area and in the valley of the Chilako River.
Clinton Mining Division.—Some work was done in the Churn Creek valley and
in the Deep Creek and Potato Range areas.   No useful information was reported.
A wide silicified zone containing appreciable amounts of arsenopyrite was
prospected close to Kleena Kleene. Gold values in samples taken were sufficiently
high to be of interest.
Fort Steele Mining Division.—Mount Anstey and parts of St. Mary River valley were given some attention; on Redding Creek an old tunnel on a mineralized
zone showing disseminated molybdenite was cleaned out and sampled, but values
were low.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 65
Golden Mining Division-—In the Copper Creek valley an extensive outcrop of
schist and faulted and broken argillite showed several small and unimportant gossans
and numerous narrow quartz veins—sampling indicated values were too low.
Brewer Creek valley, close to Dutch Creek, and the headwaters of Ben Abel Creek
were also prospected.
Greenwood Mining Division.—Some work was done near Arlington Lakes,
and pyritic quartz veins in pyroxenite were sampled. Some work was also done
near Norwegian Creek and in the Granby River valley.
Kamloops Mining Division.—Placer possibilities at several locations on the
North Thompson River south of Clearwater were investigated.
A great deal of work was done in the Criss Creek area, east of Deadman River.
A series of siliceous dykes was found to contain low values in silver, molybdenum,
and tungsten.
South of Walhachin, on the Thompson River, what appears to be a large body
of magnetite containing low values in copper was prospected and staked.
Areas close to Notch Hill, near Walker Lake, and west of Stump Lake were
investigated. Nothing of importance was reported. Some work was done near
Skwaam Bay on Adams Lake. Work was also done near the old Vidette mine.
Eight miles southwest of Kamloops a great deal of work was done on and adjoining
the old Last Chance property. Results were encouraging and more work is to be
done in this area.
The Forge Creek-Guichon Creek sector received some attention, with fairly
encouraging results. A discovery was made on the north side of Kamloops Lake
near Copper Creek, but details are not yet available.
Liard Mining Division.—In the vicinity of Ealue Lake considerable work was
done on a wide mineralized zone in altered limestone showing some disseminated
chalcopyrite and much pyrite.   Sample assays were encouraging.
The area of the Racing River, and many of its tributaries, about 40 miles south
of the Alaska Highway, received some attention. Many narrow quartz veins containing scattered amounts of chalcopyrite were observed.
Lillooet Mining Division.—Field work was carried on in several sectors, including La Rochelle Creek, Holbrook Creek, Marshall Creek, the headwaters of Blue
Creek, and near the headwaters of Yalakom River. Molybdenite occurrences at
the headwaters of Texas Creek were prospected. The Anderson Lake area near
Gold Creek was given some attention, also parts of the Shulaps Range where serpentine containing small stringers of short fibre asbestos was reported.
Nanaimo Mining Division.-—On Quadra Island, 6 miles north of Heriot Bay,
serpentine containing very short fibre asbestos was investigated; minor amounts
of malachite and chalcopyrite were also found in these outcrops. Some work was
done near Hyacinthe Bay.
Nelson Mining Division.—A full season's work was carried out from a base
camp on Summit Creek, between Bayonne and Blazed Creeks. The valleys of several creeks in this area were prospected.
New Westminster Mining Division.—Some work was done on the west side of
Pitt Lake, close to the south end, where quartz veins mineralized with pyrite and
minor amounts of chalcopyrite were uncovered.
Extensive serpentine outcrops were investigated in the Sowaqua Creek valley.
Near Coquihalla Lakes a 20-foot-wide zone well mineralized with pyrite, galena,
sphalerite, and rhodonite was thoroughly prospected.   This zone has possibilities.
Nicola Mining Division.—In the Pete Hope-Plateau Lakes area, dyke rocks
containing disseminated sulphides were investigated, as well as a narrow quartz vein
well mineralized with chalcopyrite and galena.
3
 A 66 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1961
Omineca Mining Division.—Field work was continued in the Manson Creek
area. On Jackfish Creek a narrow silver-bearing vein was discovered, and on
Boulder Creek scheelite float was found.
Considerable work was done on the north side of the Nation River commencing
about 5 miles east of the Fort St. James-Manson Creek road. Narrow quartz
stringers and sheets of coarse to fine mica were found in pinkish granite. Some
work was also done near Twenty Mile Creek and up the east fork of Twin Creek;
nothing of interest was reported.
About 10 miles west of Uslika Lake an interesting discovery was reported,
and a 15-foot-wide zone mineralized with hematite and chalcopyrite was traced for
about 2,000 feet.   Assays of samples taken were very encouraging.
An extensive area adjacent to the Rottacker Creek valley was prospected, and
several quartz veins from 3 to 8 feet wide were found in granodiorite. These were
well mineralized with hematite and contained minor amounts of chalcopyrite.
Some prospecting was done at the northern end of the Nechako Valley, where
quartz veins in limestone were investigated, and a large deposit of pure limestone
was sampled.
A large area was prospected near the west end of Eutsuk Lake. On Chikamin
Mountain, at 5,000 feet elevation on the south slope, a zone 30 feet wide showing
minor chalcopyrite mineralization was uncovered. Two other vein outcrops, one
2 feet wide and one 9 feet wide, were found; both were sparsely mineralized but
showed a wide range of sulphide minerals. At the southwest corner of St. Thomas
Bay a large exposure of highly oxidized andesite was reported; argillaceous rocks
here were heavily pyritized and in places showed minor amounts of galena.
In the Toodoggone Lake area, float well mineralized with chalcopyrite was
found.
Osoyoos Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done around Mount Kobau,
and a new vein was uncovered east of the old Smuggler mine southwest of Oliver.
On the west side of Okanagan Lake close to Summerland considerable work was
done on a wide pyritized shear zone. Several high assays in gold were reported but
were not verified. Some work was done near Richter Pass and in the Apex Mountain area.
Revelstoke Mining Division.—Prospecting was done near Albert Canyon, lower
Goldstream River, Frisby Creek, Ferguson, and the west side of Trout Lake. Nothing conclusive was reported.
A short time was spent prospecting in the vicinity of Moloch Creek, on the
Tangier River where a granite-porphyry contact was investigated, and on Fang
Creek where argillaceous schist containing large amounts of coarse cube pyrite was
sampled.
Similkameen Mining Division.—In the Trout Creek area a zone 60 feet wide,
mineralized with hematite and magnetite, was prospected. No further details are
available. Several mineralized quartz veins were found on Siwasb. Creek, and a
considerable amount of work was done on them. Near Teepee Lakes a mineralized
shear zone was found.
Prospecting was done at a number of other places—in the Missezula Lake-
Aspen Grove area, Lawless Creek, Mount Rabbitt, Mount Kennedy, Newton Creek,
and along the Otter Lake fault.
Skeena Mining Division.—South of Stuart Anchorage on the east side of Pitt
Island considerable work was done in endeavouring to prove further continuity of
a small deposit of magnetite. At Baker Inlet on Grenville Channel, claims were
staked and considerable work done on a deposit of sericite mica.    An extensive
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 67
limestone deposit on the shoreline in Kumealon Inlet was prospected and sampled.
At Refuge Bay on Porcher Island a wide pyritized quartz vein was prospected and
sampled.
Some work was done in the Marmot River valley near Stewart, where narrow
quartz veins showing considerable galena and pyrite were prospected.
A short time was spent at the headwaters of Kwinitsa Creek close to a granite-
gneiss contact, where pyritized quartz veins proved to be too low grade to be of
interest; narrow pegmatite dykes were also investigated in this area. Up the Khyex
River, barren-looking quartz veins were found close to a granite-sedimentary contact. Bornite float found near Rainbow Lake stimulated interest in the immediate
area, but nothing was found in place.
At Horetzky Creek (Kemano area) altered limestone along a granodiorite
contact showed minor amounts of pyrite, pyrrhotite, and traces of chalcopyrite.
Some work was done near Suquash Landing, at Alarm Cove on Denny Island, and
on Dowager Island on Mathieson Channel; nothing of importance was reported
from any of this work. Near Lagoon Bay (on Fisher Channel) a small deposit of
volcanic glass was discovered.
A base camp was established close to the highway bridge on the Bella Coola-
Anahim road at Kahylskt Creek (Burnt Bridge River) crossing. Much copper-
bearing float was found on the steep mountainside and was finally traced to its
source. The showing appears small, but the area warrants further intensive prospecting. From here work was also done up Nusatsum River and up the Talchako
River.
Some prospecting was done on the Queen Charlotte Islands—near Ironside
Mountain, west of Steel Creek, up the Coates River, Yakoun Lake, Shields Bay, and
Harrison Island.
Vancouver Mining Division.—Near Cascade Point on Knight Inlet, quartz veins
found in granite showed minor amounts of molybdenite.
Halfway up Jervis Inlet, on the west side, iron-stained rocks containing narrow
quartz stringers were prospected without success. Near McCannel Lake an unsuccessful attempt was made to trace the source of molybdenite float.
Vernon Mining Division.—Prospecting was done east of Enderby and near
Bessette Creek.   Northing of importance was reported.
MINING ROADS AND TRAILS
Provision is made in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources Act
whereby the Minister may, with the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council,
authorize the expenditure of public funds for the construction or repair of roads and
trails into mining areas. Assistance on a half-cost basis may also be provided on
roads and trails to individual properties.
Requests for road and trail assistance must be made to the Department before
the commencement of work. The type of access upon which assistance may be
given depends upon the value of the property, the stage of development, and the
amount of work to be done. A trail is sometimes sufficient for initial exploration,
and a tractor-road may be adequate for preliminary work. Subsequent development might warrant assistance on the construction of a truck-road. A carefully
drawn sketch or plan of the location of the road is required to be submitted and,
where warranted by the amount of assistance requested, a report on the property by
a professional geological or mining engineer may be required. An engineer from
the Department may be required to report on the property before a grant is made
and to inspect the road after the work has been done.
 A 68 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
Total mileages and disbursements under " Grants in Aid of Mining Roads and
Trails " during the fiscal year ended March 31, 1961, were as follows:—
Mining-roads Miles Cost
Construction     64.6 $80,600.00
Maintenance _  233.0 25,615.15
Photo interpretation and terrain analysis     80.0 2,000.00
Bridge-site survey      11,834.45
Total      $ 120,049.60
In addition to the above, work was continued on the Cassiar-Stewart road.
This road is being constructed under the " Roads to Resources " agreement between
Canada and British Columbia. The construction is being supervised by the Department of Highways on behalf of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
At the north end of the road, construction of the 30.5-mile section from Sawmill
Point on Dease Lake to Tanzilla River was completed. The Tanzilla River to
Stikine River section, 26.6 miles long, was 98 per cent completed at the end of
1961, and the Stikine River to Eddontenajon Lake section of 24.7 miles was 75 per
cent completed. In December a contract was awarded on the 40.1-mile section
from Eddontenajon Lake to Burrage River. At the south end of the road the Bear
Pass section was 85 per cent completed, and the Strohn Creek to the lower Bell-
Irving section of 31.87 miles was 13 per cent completed.
The Fort Nelson River bridge, about 1 mile upstream from the confluence of
the Muskwa River, which was damaged when the ice went out on April 25th, was
repaired and again put into service. The approach access, 4 miles long, from the
Alaska Highway at Mile 298.7 to the west end of the bridge was reconstructed to
an all-weather standard.
MUSEUMS
The Department has a large exhibit of mineral and rock specimens in the Douglas Building, Victoria; collections are also displayed in the joint office in Vancouver
and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert.
Specimens from the collection in Victoria, accumulated in a period of more
than sixty years, are displayed in cases on the fourth floor of the Douglas Building.
The collection includes specimens from many of the mines and prospects in the
Province, and also specimens of type rocks and special minerals from British
Columbia and elsewhere.
British Columbia material includes specimens collected by officers of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and specimens donated by property-
owners. The collection also includes type specimens purchased from distributors.
Other valued specimens or groups of specimens have been donated or loaned to
the museum.
ROCK AND MINERAL SPECIMENS
Information regarding collections of specimens of rocks and minerals available
to prospectors and schools in British Columbia may be obtained from the Chief of
the Mineralogical Branch.
PUBLICATIONS
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, bulletins,
and other publications of the Department, with prices charged for them, are listed
in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources List of Publications available
from the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 69
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria
and elsewhere in the Province. They are also available for reference use in the
Department's library (Mineralogical Branch) at Victoria, in the joint office in Vancouver, and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert,
as well as in public libraries.
MAPS SHOWING MINERAL CLAIMS, PLACER CLAIMS, AND
PLACER-MINING LEASES
From the details supplied by the locators, the approximate positions of mineral
claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are shown on maps that may be
inspected in the central records offices of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources in Victoria and in Vancouver. Copies of these maps may be obtained on
request. The boundaries of surveyed claims and leases are shown on the reference
maps and other maps of the British Columbia Department of Lands, Forests, and
Water Resources.
JOINT OFFICES OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS, CANADA.
The Provincial Department's Inspector and Resident Engineer, the Gold
Commissioner and Mining Recorder for the Vancouver Mining Division, and the
officers of the Federal Geological Survey occupy one suite of offices. All official
information relating to mining is available to the public in the one suite of offices at
739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver 1.
The services offered to the public include technical information on mining, the
identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Federal and Provincial mining
publications, a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central
records office.
 Topographic Mapping and Air Photography
The four divisions comprising the Surveys and Mapping Branch—namely, the
Legal Surveys, Topographic, Geographic, and Air Divisions—continued to supply
basic data relating to Provincial surveys and cartography during 1961.
Field-notes were received by Legal Surveys Division for the survey of 631
lots, thirty of which were completed under authority of the Mineral Act and the
remainder under the Land Act. The Departmental reference-map series showing
the current status of Crown land alienation was also maintained, and four sheets
covering the lower Fraser Valley west of Hope are being redrawn at a larger scale.
Subdivision surveys undertaken by Legal Surveys Division in 1961 included
twenty-five lots at Bear Lake north of Prince George and forty-two lots in the Willow
River area. As the result of burgeoning mining activity in the vicinity of Merritt,
thirty-two new subdivision lots were surveyed near that village. In the Chief Lake
and Chilako River areas, sixty-six old section and district lot corners were restored,
while reposting on a smaller scale also took place at Nanoose, Clinton, Fort Fraser,
South Hazelton, and Kaleden. Five widely separated highway surveys covered a
total of 69.19 miles.
Accomplishments of the Topographic Division during 1961 included establishing field control for 29 Vz standard National Topographic map-sheets in the
vicinity of Banks Island, Bella Bella, and Stuart Lake. Large-scale surveys were
also completed in the McGregor River, Prince George, Quesnel, Hobson Lake,
Clearwater River, Fraser River, Kamloops, Nanaimo, Port Hardy, and Nitinat areas.
Order in Council No. 2033/61, dated August 14th, set out new regulations
governing well-site surveys under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act. The responsibility for checking and examining well-site plans to see that they conform to the
accuracy stated in the regulations was delegated to the Geographic Division.
Geographic Division also introduced a new system of road classification for
use on Provincial maps at scales of 1 inch to 2 miles and 1:250,000. The system
should be particularly helpful to persons who frequently travel off the network of
main roads. New Provincial maps reproduced and printed during 1961 included
three editions of regional map Id (Northeastern British Columbia); two sheets at
1:250,000 scale, Nootka Sound (92E) and Taseko Lakes (920); and two maps at
l-inch-to-2-miles scale, namely, Kaslo (82 F/NE) and Nakusp (82 K/SW). In
addition, Merritt (92 I/SE) was completely revised. Ottawa mapping agencies
supplied stocks of fourteen National Topographic map-sheets at 1:50,000 scale
covering widely separated parts of the Province.
During 1961 the prices of reprints and enlargements of air photographs were
increased. The rates now charged by the Air Division are similar to those of the
National Air Photo Library at Ottawa. Aerial photographic operations accomplished 13,817 square miles and 2,807 lineal miles of new coverage, while 184,286
photo reprints were sold or loaned to various public and private agencies.
Indexes showing available published maps, reference maps, manuscripts, and
aerial photographs may be found in the envelope attached to the back cover of the
1961 Lands Service Annual Report. Further details concerning Provincial maps,
aerial photographs, and surveys are available from the Director, Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of Lands, Forests, and Water Resources, Victoria, B.C.
A 70
 Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
The Canadian Government Department of Mines and Technical Surveys performs many functions related to mining and the mineral industry in general. The
Mines Branch, Geological Survey of Canada, and Surveys and Mapping Branch
are the three branches of the Department of the most direct interest to the mineral
industry. Brief reference to the work of the Surveys and Mapping Branch in British
Columbia is made in the preceding note headed " Topographic Mapping and Air
Photography." A note on the Geological Survey of Canada follows this paragraph
and is followed by a note on the Mines Branch.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered
Confederation, geological investigations and mapping in the Province are carried
on by the Geological Survey of Canada. Several geological parties are in the field
each year. Many excellent reports and maps covering areas of British Columbia
have been issued by the Geological Survey of Canada, and they have made available
a great amount of information that has been of much benefit to the mining and
prospecting activities in British Columbia.
A branch office of the Geological Survey of Canada is maintained in Vancouver. Maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained there. J. E. Armstrong is in charge of this office at 739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver 1.
Field Work by Geological Survey of Canada in British Columbia, 1961
R. B. Campbell commenced field work in the Quesnel Lake East Half (93 A,
E. Vz) map-area.
D. B. Craig completed very detailed mapping of a well-exposed area in
82 L/16 map-area near Revelstoke.
D. C. Findlay completed detailed mapping and sampling of the Tulameen
ultrabasic complex.
P. E. Fox commenced and completed a study of the Adamant batholith west
of the upper Columbia River as part of the " Granites in Canada " investigation.
W. L. Fry made collections of plant remains from Mio-Pliocene rocks in the
Kamloops-Quesnel area.
R. J. Fulton continued the study and mapping of the surficial deposits of the
Nicola (92 I, E. Vz) map-area.
H. Gabrielse completed the mapping of the Kechika (94 L) and Rabbit River
(94 M) map-areas and also brought up to standard the work done by Operation
Stikine in the Cry Lake (104 I) and Dease Lake East Half (104 J, E. Vz) map-
areas.
E. C. Halstead commenced the study and mapping of the surficial geology of
the Nanaimo-Duncan-Gulf Islands map-areas (92 F/l, E. Vz, G/4, C/16, B/13,
B/14) together with A. Treichel, who studied the geohydrology of the same area.
R. L. Herr, B. S. Norford, and D. L. Scott carried out stratigraphic studies
in southern British Columbia and Alberta.
D. W. Hyndman commenced detailed mapping in an area near Nakusp
(82K/4).
E. J. W. Irish continued field work in the Halfway River (94 B) map-area.
S. Learning began a study of the sand and gravel deposits of the Strait of
Georgia area.
A 71
 A 72 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961
G. B. Leech examined known mineral deposits in Fernie West Half (82 G,
W. Vz) map-area.
H. W. Little commenced 1-mile mapping of the Rossland-Trail (82 F/4)
map-area.
E. W. Mountjoy completed the mapping of Mount Robson (83 E, S.E. Va )
map-area, part of which lies in British Columbia.
J. E. Muller completed the mapping of the Pine Pass (93 O) map-area and
mapped one-half of the McLeod Lake (93 J) map-area in co-operation with H. W.
Tipper.
K. H. Owens, F. Essex, J. Houlihan, J. Lee, and J. W. Kempt conducted an
aeromagnetic survey of part of central British Columbia roughly between 121
degrees 30 minutes and 125 degrees west longitude and 52 degrees 15 minutes and
56 degrees north latitude. The cost of this survey was shared by the Department
of Mines and Technical Surveys and the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources.
B. R. Pelletier continued his stratigraphic studies of the Triassic formations
in the Foothills and Rocky Mountains of northeastern British Columbia.
R. A. Price commenced a field and laboratory investigation of selected folds
in the Foothills and Front Ranges, mainly in 82 G, East Half map-area,
J. E. Reesor continued his studies of granite and metamorphic complexes in
the Valhalla Mountains.
D. F. Sangster began a study of contact metamorphic magnetite deposits on
Vancouver and Texada Islands.
J. G. Souther completed the mapping of Chutine (104 F) and Tulsequah
(104 K) map-areas and brought up to standard past work in Iskut (104 B),
Telegraph Creek (104 G), and west half of Dease Lake (104 J) map-areas.
D. F. Stott completed the stratigraphic study of the Upper Cretaceous Smoky
group, Lower Cretaceous Fort St. John group, upper part of the Lower Cretaceous
Bullhead group, and equivalent strata in the foothills between Smoky River and
Peace River.
G. C. Taylor continued the mapping of MacDonald Creek (94 K/10) map-
area.
H. W. Tipper, with J. E. Muller, completed the mapping of McLeod Lake
(93 J) map-area.
J. O. Wheeler completed the mapping of Rogers Pass (82 N, W. Vz) map-
area.
Publications of the Geological Survey
A total of nineteen publications of the Geological Survey of Canada relating
to British Columbia was received by the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources in 1961.
MINES BRANCH
The Mines Branch has branches dealing with mineral resources, mineral dressing and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, radioactivity, and fuels and explosives. A total of seventeen publications of the Mines Branch pertaining to British
Columbia was received in 1961 by the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources. They included tabular pamphlets dealing with coal mines,
gold mines, stone quarries, petroleum refineries, and milling plants in Canada.
 MINES AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS
MINERAL RESOURCES DIVISION
A 73
The Mineral Resources Division, which was a division of the Mines Branch,
has now been transferred from the Mines Branch to the office of the Deputy Minister
of Mines and Technical Surveys.
The Mineral Resources Division publishes studies on mineral resources, mineral economics, mineral legislation, mineral taxation, mining technology, and other
miscellaneous mineral-industry subjects. A total of seven publications published
by this Division was received by the library.
 

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