Lode Metals Page . 3 CONTENTS General Review.— .. Notes on Metal Mines 6 Tootsee River - ~ 6 6 Cassiar .. - Stikine 7 8 8 Iskut River _ Unuk River. Portland Canal Alice Arm 9 10 Observatory Inlet __ 10 Queen Charlotte Islands ... .. 11 Kitimat 17 Smithers _ 18 Endako _ 19 Cariboo —_ .. . 19 Lac la Hache 21 Clinton 23 Taseko Lake ... . 24 Lillooet 25 Anderson Lake 28 Lillooet River .. 28 Spences Bridge 29 Highland Valley Abbott Lake .. ..... 29 31 Merritt . . ... ..... 31 Nicola Aspen Grove 45 46 Kamloops _.__._ . 46 North Thompson 48 Clearwater Skwaam (Agate) Bay _ . 51 .. . 53 Similkameen River 56 Hedley. . 56 Olalla 59 Fairview Camp .. . . 61 Anarchist Mountain ... . ... .... 61 Camp McKinney 63 Beaverdell 63 Greenwood 64 2 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961 Notes on Metal Mines—Continued Pagb Phoenix 65 Rossland 65 Trail 66 Nelson 66 Ymir 67 Salmo 68 Nelway 71 North Kootenay Lake 72 Woodbury Creek 74 Kaslo 74 Retallack-Three Forks 75 Sandon 76 Slocan Lake 77 Springer Creek 78 Nakusp 79 North Lardeau 79 South Lardeau 79 Creston 80 Kimberley 80 St. Mary River 82 Windermere 82 Spillimacheen 83 Ruddock Creek 84 Revelstoke 84 Skagit River 85 Hope 86 Harrison Lake 88 Howe Sound 89 Sechelt Peninsula 89 Powell Lake 90 Bute Inlet 90 Loughborough Inlet 90 Texada Island 90 Quadra Island 91 Vancouver Island 91 Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work 114 GENERAL REVIEW Compared to 1960 the average Canadian prices paid in 1961 for gold and silver were up, and those for copper, lead, and zinc were down. The change in parity between the Canadian and United States dollar, brought about in the middle of the year, created a premium on the United States metal prices for the first time in ten years. The 1961 Canadian average price for gold consequently increased— $1.50 per ounce above that of 1960. The Canadian price for silver remained close to the fixed New York price of 91.375 cents per ounce until the end of 1961, when the price increased to $1.09, a price not equalled since 1919. The Canadian average prices for copper, lead, and zinc fell a substantial fraction of a cent each, compared to 1960, resulting in the lowest average price for lead since 1946. The decreases in base-metal prices would have been greater had it not been for the revaluation of the dollar. Gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc produced at British Columbia lode mines in 1961 had a value of $109,325,484. Miscellaneous metals, including iron ore, nickel, tin, and minor metals recovered at the Trail smelter, had a value of $18,651,608. The total quantity of ore mined at all lode mines amounted to 8,392,161 tons and came from fifty-nine mines, of which thirty-nine produced 100 tons or more. The average number employed in the lode-mining industry in 1961, including mines, concentrators, and smelters, was 7,111. In 1961 twenty-three mills were operated—fifteen of them throughout the year. Of the other eight mills, that at the Empire mine was a seasonal operation, five operated intermittently, one closed, and one operated for the first time. The Craigmont mill opened September 15th with a production capacity of 4,000 tons per day, a capacity that has subsequently been increased. Five small mills operated intermittently, and the French mill closed after a life of five years. Three small mills accepted custom ore, as did one large one, the Britannia mill. Five mills were being built at the end of the year—three for iron ore and two for copper ore. The Trail smelter recorded custom receipts of 13,957 tons of ore from eighteen properties, of which 98 per cent was from seven properties shipping siliceous ore. The smelter also recorded custom receipts of 2,799 tons of lead concentrates and 47,138 tons of zinc concentrates. Totals of approximately 32,691 tons of lead concentrates and approximately 31,364 tons of zinc concentrates were shipped out of the Province for smelting. Copper concentrates were shipped to the Tacoma smelter, except for part of the Craigmont production, the copper concentrates recovered by Texada Mines Ltd., and the copper contained in bulk nickel concentrates from Giant Nickel Mines Limited, all of which went to Japan. All iron-ore concentrates, amounting to 1,264,017 tons, were shipped to Japan. Lode-gold production was down about 22 per cent from 1960 and was at the lowest figure in fifteen years. This was due in large part to closure of the Pioneer mine in 1960 and of the French mine in 1961, but it was also due to a minor drop in production from Bralorne and a drop in the 1961 gold production from Britannia and the copper mines at Greenwood. A new 600-ton cyanide mill was built at Bralorne to replace the combined gravity and flotation mill that had been in operation for many years. Closure of the Fairview mine at Oliver, long a source of silica flux at the Trail smelter, encouraged the shipment of siliceous gold ores, but smelter requirements of silica in excess of custom ore shipments was met by recovery of the dumps of the Queen mine at Sheep Creek. 4 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1961 The French mine at Hedley closed on May 21st, due to depletion of the ore- bodies. In its first period of operation from 1950 to 1955 the mine produced 32,463 tons containing 25,284 ounces gold; in its second period, with a mill, from 1957 to 1961 it produced 53,085 tons containing 26,429 ounces gold. The ore is gold-bearing skarn. There was no change in the production of silver; the change in price came too late in the year to affect output or development to any marked extent. Except for very minor quantities of ore, the Highland-Bell continued to be the only operating silver mine in the Province. The position of copper improved greatly with the coming into production of the Craigmont mine. Opened officially on September 15th, the mill by the end of 1961 was operating at more than its rated capacity of 4,000 tons of ore daily. This is the first major mine in British Columbia that was found solely as a result of geochemical and geophysical investigation of ground that was very largely covered by overburden and also by a younger formation. The Britannia mine, after going through a critical period in 1957-58, has reaffirmed its position as a mine and not merely a salvage operation. Effort is being made to revise the geological maps and to investigate the ore possibilities of many parts of the mine. With excess mill capacity, Britannia has accepted custom ore, a fact of advantage in the development of some copper deposits in the general region. The active exploration for copper in southern British Columbia has begun to pay off. Serious investigation of the Bethlehem property started in 1955 and at once led to surface activity that spread far and wide. The Craigmont ore zone first became known in 1957 and focused attention on the general Promontory Hills area. In 1961 Bethlehem began to prepare its open pit for production to start about a year later than Craigmont. In seven years a great deal of money has been spent, and it has been demonstrated that exploration for hidden ore zones can be an expensive business. Much ground has been gone over by surveys of one sort or another more than once, and it is plain that better geological knowledge of ore occurrence is sorely needed. Activity continued on the Granduc property, as well as on new and relatively new showings in the general Unuk River area, and more work is planned for 1962. East of the Stikine River, attention was attracted to Galore Creek, where extensive surface investigations were carried out on copper showings and diamond drilling was started. A great many claims are held in the general Unuk-Stikine area, and it is evident that copper mineralization, of types associated with porphyry and with skarn, is quite widely distributed. Lead production was at the highest level since 1943, at a time when the price was the lowest in fifteen years. Zinc production was down, being 9 per cent below the average of the past five years. In August the United States Government contracted to purchase from The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, 55,000 tons of lead, using funds generated from disposal of surplus agricultural products. About half this amount was shipped in 1961. The Reeves MacDonald mine established a new low level at an elevation of 420 feet. The main lead-zinc orebody has been demonstrated to have had, before faulting, a plunge length of more than 5,000 feet. Exploration for lead and zinc continued along the general course of the Kootenay arc, and a discovery was made west of the Columbia River near Gordon Home Peak. For the second successive year the export of magnetic iron concentrates to Japan
Lode Metals British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1963
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