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Annual Report of the Department of Social Welfare for the YEAR ENDED MARCH 31ST 1961 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1962

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Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Annual Report of the
Department of Social Welfare
for the
YEAR ENDED MARCH 3 1st
1961
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1962
  Victoria, B.C., December 8th, 1961.
To His Honour George Randolph Pearkes, V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Department of Social Welfare for the year ended
March 31st, 1961, is herewith respectfully submitted.
Office of the Minister of Social Welfare,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
W. D. BLACK,
Minister of Social Welfare.
 Department of Social Welfare,
Victoria, B.C., December 8th, 1961.
The Honourable W. D. Black,
Minister of Social Welfare, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Department of
Social Welfare for the year ended March 31st, 1961.
E. R. RICKINSON,
Deputy Minister of Social Welfare.
Department of Social Welfare,
Victoria, B.C., December 8th, 1961.
E. R. Rickinson, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of Social Welfare.
Sir,—I submit herewith the Report of the Department of Social Welfare for
the year ended March 31st, 1961.
J. A. SADLER,
Director of Social Welfare.
 DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE
April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961
Hon. W. D. Black, Minister of Social Welfare.
SENIOR ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF
E. R. Rickinson Deputy Minister.
J. A. Sadler Director of Social Welfare.
Miss Marie Riddell Assistant Director of Social Welfare.
J. McDiarmid Departmental Comptroller.
Mrs. Jean Scott Supervisor, Family Division.
Miss Mary K. King Superintendent of Child Welfare.
E. W. Berry Chairman, Old-age Assistance and Blind Persons'
and Disabled Persons' Allowances and Supplementary Assistance.
Dr. G. E. Wakefield Director of Medical Services.
A. A. Shipp Chief Inspector of Welfare Institutions.
Mrs. M. Titterington Supervisor, Social Service Department, Division
of Tuberculosis Control.
F. G. Hassard Superintendent, Brannen Lake School for Boys.
Miss W. M. Urquhart Superintendent, Willingdon School for Girls.
G. P. Willie Superintendent, Provincial Home.
R. J. Burnham Administrator, Region I.
H. E. Blanchard Administrator, Region II.
R. I. Stringer Administrator, Region III.
Miss M. Jamieson Administrator, Region IV.
V. H. Dallamore Administrator, Region V.
A. E. Bingham Administrator, Region VI.
W. H. Crossley  -Administrator, Region VII.
  Part I.—General Administration-
Director of Social Welfare.—
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Assistant Director of Social Welfare  11
Part II.—Regional Administration—
Region I  15
Region II  16
Region III    18
Region IV  20
Region V  21
Region VI  23
Region VII  25
Part III.—Divisional Administration—
Family Division—
Social Allowances  28
Family Service  32
Child Welfare Division  34
Medical Services Division    46
Old-age Assistance, Blind Persons' Allowances, Disabled Persons' Allowances, and Supplementary Assistance  49
Part IV.—Institutions—
Industrial School for Boys  69
Industrial School for Girls  75
Provincial Home, Kamloops  80
Welfare Institutions Board  83
Part V.—Medical Social Work Services—
Division of Tuberculosis Control and Poliomyelitis Pavilion  88
Part VI.—Accounting Division  90
  Report of the Department of Social Welfare
PART I.—GENERAL ADMINISTRATION
REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF SOCIAL WELFARE
J. A. Sadler
From the material submitted in this Report it is apparent that there is an
ever-increasing number of people who, through lack of abilities and skills in the
field of employment, must turn to this Department for help. In this catesory we
find the marginally employed people who can maintain themselves in periods of high
economic development but who do not gain employment when employers are able
to be more selective. The people in this group have in many instances depleted
their unemployment insurance benefits and thus must look to the welfare department for help.
Economic pressures have resulted in stresses and strains within family groups
which have made it necessary to increase most welfare services. Activity has
increased in the child welfare field, and many children have been committed to and
given care in the industrial schools. As at April 1st, 1960, an increase of 20 per
cent in the social allowance and supplementary social assistance rates was authorized. This increase has helped not only the family where the bread-winner, perhaps
through illness, has been incapacitated, but has also helped the blind, disabled, and
old-age groups. At that date also the per capita payment made to the British Columbia Medical Association for services given was increased.
With the changing emphasis in regard to mental-health care, the staff has been
called upon to extend not only direct supervision to dischargees from mental hospitals, but also to find an increasingly greater number of homes to provide nursing-
or boarding-home care for these individuals. The Greater Vancouver Health League
Joint Study Committee on Nursing and Boarding Homes finalized its studv and submitted its report to the Government. Certain amendments to both the Hospital Act
and the Welfare Institutions Licensing Act were recommended. A substantial grant
was made by the Government to the Family and Children's Service, Victoria, to
assist that agency in the construction of new facilities for the care of behaviour-
problem children.
Staff changes took place with the resignation of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare and the retirement of the Civil Defence Liaison Officer. In addition, the
supervisor of the Training Division was granted leave of absence to act as consultant
on staff training with the Government of Malaya, under the auspices of the United
Nations. In August, 1960, due to the concentration of population in Dawson Creek,
the social welfare office formerly located at Pouce Couoe was moved to Dawson
Creek. Training in civil defence has gone forward, and the staff as well as many
individuals in the Province who have volunteered to help in civil defence welfare
services are to be commended for their efforts and for the time which they have so
freely given.
The Research Consultant has continued case-load surveys and has worked most
diligently in the capacity of alternate Chairman of the Federal-Provincial Welfare
Committee on Indians. The Office Consultant, in addition to supervision of Departmental office procedures, manuals revision and amendments, revised and redistributed the Departmental books of Acts and regulations. The Delinquent Children
Supervision Committee, with its joint membership of representatives from the
 L 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Probation Service and the Department, has met frequently during the year and will
continue to study problems and needs in the field of juvenile delinquency.
The following tables show, on a comparative basis, case loads and changes in
case loads:—
Table I.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major
Categories as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1960
1961
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
Family Service
1,366
19,503
661
8,512
32,645
1,958
6,775
721
1.9
27.0
0.9
11.8
45.3
2.7
9.4
1.0
1,290
27,643
649
8,542
32,060
2,118
7,160
746
1.6
34.5
Blind Persons' Allowance1 -	
0.8
10.7
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance*	
40.0
2.6
Child Welfare -	
8.9
0.9
72,141
100.0
80,208
100.0
1 Includes Old-age Assistance Board figures which are not shown in regional reports.
Table II.—Movement in Case Load during Fiscal Year 1960/61
Major Category of Service
Cases Opened during Year
Cases Closed during Year
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
1,744
58,094
407
1,216
5,890
13,697
7,336
584
2.0
65.3
0.4
1.4
6.6
15.4
8.2
0.7
1,834
50,294
411
1,057
5,851
14,306
6,947
574
2.3
61.9
0.5
1.3
7.2
17.6
Child Welfare                            	
8.5
0.7
Totals for Province    ,      —
8S.968              100.0
81,274
100.0
Table HI,
-Number of Cases by Category and as a Percentage of Population
as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
1960
1961
Category
Number
Per Cent of
Population
(1,570,000)
Number
Per Cent of
Population
(1,606,000)
1,366
19,503
661
8,512
32,645
1,958
6,775
721
0.09
1.24
0.04
0.54
2.08
0.12
0.43
0.05
1,290
27,643
649
8,542
32,060
2,118
7,160
746
0.08
1.72
0.04
0.53
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance1  —
2 00
0.13
Child Welfare 	
0.44
0.05
72.141      1        4.59
80,208
4.99
1 Includes Old-age Assistance Board figures which are not shown in regional reports.
The above tables demonstrate the changes which have taken place in the case
loads between the years 1960 and 1961.
The Department is most appreciative of the co-operation and help given by
other departments of Government, municipal officials, private agencies, and other
organizations.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 11
REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF SOCIAL WELFARE
Miss Marie Riddell
In addition to specific and delegated duties related to the administration of the
Department, one of the principal functions of this office is the maintaining of social
work and clerical staff for the Department, other than certain administrative offices.
Recruitment for the most part, in-service training, and placement of staff is delegated
to the Training Division, located in Vancouver. A separate report from the Training Division is appended to this report. An Office Consultant is also a member of
the staff of the Assistant Director of Social Welfare.
The year under review has brought heavy demends on the staff of the Department, both social work and clerical. The case load at March 31st, 1960, was
72,514; at March 31st, 1961, it was 80,208, or an increase of 10.6 per cent. The
increase in the Social Allowance case load alone was from 19,843 at March 31st,
1960, to 27,643 at March 31st, 1961.
Active cases in March, 1960, totalled 18,512, while in March, 1961, the total
was 21,785, or an increase of 17.7 per cent.
With the full appointment of the additional fourteen social workers and six
clerical staff authorized in the previous fiscal year, there was only a slight reduction
in the inordinate and emergent pressures on the staff in a few offices.
At the close of the fiscal year we were aware that the estimates for the following
fiscal year—April, 1961, to March 1962—included the provision for a net increase
of forty in our establishment—namely, twenty-nine social-work positions and eleven
clerical positions.
The following table shows the total number of casual and permanent staff
(clerical, professional, and technical) that were employed and their location in the
Department as at March 31st, 1961.—
Office of Deputy Minister       2
Director of Social Welfare       4
Assistant Director of Social Welfare (including Training Division)       7
Field Service  _..'.   290
Medical Services Division     13
Child Welfare Division     18
Provincial Home      34
Brannen Lake School for Boys     62
Willingdon School for Girls     50
Old-age Assistance Board     74
Family Division       5
Total   559
The following table gives the total social-work staff employed for the fiscal
years ended March 31st, 1960, and March 31st, 1961:—
Total staff, March 31st, 1960 _ - 	
Completed formal training during fiscal year-
Staff appointed, April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961-
Resignations, April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961	
Totals   	
University
Trained
89
In-service
Trained
147
Total
78
137
215
+6
—6
	
84
131
215
25
47
72
20
31
51
236
 L 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA
During the year under review there was a total of 145 separations and an equal
number of replacements to fill them. Of these, fifty-one were social workers who
left the Department for the following reasons: forty-nine resigned and two retired.
Responsibility for appointments, promotions, reclassifications, transfers, and processing of resignations covered a total of 463 staff members.
During the course of the year, sixty-five persons were given in-service training
by the Training Division in five introductory and four final group sessions.
The Department was represented at ten conferences and institutes related to
social welfare, and thirty-seven delegates attended.
During this fiscal year twenty-two district supervisors' meetings were held
throughout the seven regions.
Regions I and III each held three staff meetings during this fiscal year.
During this fiscal year the Office Consultant visited two district offices and the
Training Division to review and revise office routines and procedures. All recommendations were then reported to Senior Administration and the Regional Administrators concerned. During this fiscal year, too, the Office Consultant was responsible for the tremendous and meticulous task of the co-ordination and printing of a
total revision of the Departmental Policy Manual, in addition to many other procedural duties assigned to her.
Before proceeding to the report of the Training Division, I would once more
wish to express my sincerest thanks for the co-operation of the staff of the Department with the office of the Assistant Director of Social Welfare, and my sincere
gratitude to and admiration for them for their loyalty and efforts.
My personal thanks, as always, go to all staff, social worker and clerical, connected with the office of the Assistant Director of Social Welfare.
TRAINING DIVISION
Miss Martha Moscrop
The functions of the Training Division delegated to it from the office of the
Assistant Director can be briefly described as the recruiting, selecting, placing, and,
when necessary, the in-service training of staff. In addition, this Division is responsible jointly with the Field, Divisional, and Senior Administrations for planning
and facilitating the Department's total staff-development programme. The management of the Departmental library is a continuous responsibility. In the year under
review, the time and efforts of the Training Division were devoted to these functions,
as follows:—
Recruiting
An average of forty-five persons interested in working as social workers for
this Department were interviewed each month. This is a sharp increase over previous years, and reflects, we believe, a growing awareness of the values of this
Department's services and of the profession of social work. The purpose served by
these interviews is twofold: first, to determine whether the applicant possesses the
requisite qualifications and, more especially, the personal qualities social-work practice demand, and, second, to interpret the work of this Department in such a way
that the applicant may himself be helped to determine his suitability for its exacting
nature.
Certain further inferences may be drawn from the above statement. While we
are giving first consideration always to the Department's services, it can be properly
deduced that in recruiting for the Department we are also recruiting for the profession of social work.   Ultimately, all in-service trained staff who measure up to our
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61 L  13
expectations as far as their growth and development are concerned are expected to
obtain professional qualifications from a school of social work. Further, the terms
of the Acts administered by this Department either stipulate or strongly imply that
qualified social workers shall be employed. The matter of recruiting unqualified
people for this Department therefore requires that the utmost care be exercised in
regard to determining the professional potential of each person interviewed.
A second inference properly to be drawn is that through these recruiting interviews we are giving many people vocational guidance. Those whom we shall never
be able to accept are helped to understand why they should not consider social work
as their vocation, and we try to ensure always that these people leave the interview
with ideas about other fields of endeavour they might more profitably explore. We
believe that few leave an interview without a deeper understanding of social work
and, most particularly, a deeper appreciation of this Department's preventive, protective, and rehabilitative services.
Selection and Placement
In this year, sixty-nine persons were appointed—the majority selected by the
Training Division—to fill vacancies arising in all regions of the Province and in
certain divisions of the Department. The selection process is inseparable from that
of placement. The problem most frequently encountered in this process is the
inability or reluctance of selected applicants to move to the more remote reaions of
the Province. Even when able and willing to serve anywhere, the suitability of a
candidate for a particular locale must be carefully assessed. Age, health, education,
background, marital status, and family responsibilities, as well as willingness, must
be measured against local living conditions, community resources, travel entailed,
and the nature of the actual work to be undertaken.
Hence a system of communications between this Division and the offices of the
Assistant Director and of Regional Administrators has been created which makes
a sharing of such information possible, and a sharing, as well, of decisions on the
appropriateness of the placements proposed. When recruiting is done in the local
district offices by district supervisors and Regional Administrators, the application
and selection procedures flow through this Division to the office of the Assistant
Director. Similarly, any applications received directly by the Assistant Director in
Victoria are referred to the Training Division for processing. Transfers of staff,
moreover, are normally planned and arranged through this Division, as well as the
placing of staff members returning from educational leave.
Training
The in-service training programme in the year under review entailed the convening of five initial training sessions for a total of thirty-one people, of four final
training sessions for a total of thirty-four people, and two special training classes to
prepare those appointed to temporary positions in the Old-age Assistance Division.
The initial groups are normally comprised of the newly appointed staff who
do not have professional qualifications. They receive three weeks' orientation before
proceeding to the district office to which each is assigned. Following four or five
months of learning the job under the close tutelage of the district supervisor, the
participation of these trainees in a second period of group teaching—of four weeks
in the Training Division—serves to consolidate and amplify the learning that has
taken place in previous months. The object of this in-service training programme
is to teach the work of this Department. As this work is professional in nature, an
introduction to professional concepts and methods forms a part of the instruction
 L 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA
given. In-service training is not, however, regarded by the Department or by the
trainee as an alternative to the professional training to be obtained later at a school
of social work.
Carefully planned evaluations, in which the in-service trainees participate, are
prepared at the conclusion of each of the three parts of this training scheme. These
evaluations are designed to measure the learning abilities, and the progress each has
made in learning, of the people having this pre-professional status in the Department.
When any fail to show adequate progress, their services are terminated. To ensure
the fairest test possible of the trainees' learning abilities—that is, of their suitability
for work which is intellectually as well as emotionally and physically demanding—
in this year under review, the probationary period was extended from the usual six
months to one full year.
Staff Development
Consultation with the Regional Administrators and district supervisors, and
facilitation of the programmes of study to be undertaken during the annual meetings
of the field staff, is a normal function of this Division. Although these staff-development media were not employed in this year, planning for such meetings in the
ensuing year was undertaken in collaboration with the Senior Administration and
other divisions of the Department.
These staff conferences, bringing together the staff of one or more regions for
a three-day period, are wholly educational in their intent. They serve also, however, to build the morale essential to the sustaining of standards of service in this
widely scattered, decentralized Department. The annual institute for supervisors
represents a major effort of the Department consistently to raise its standards of
service, for it is upon the strength of the supervisor that the developing competence
of the social worker depends.
Library services were maintained throughout this year as follows: Some twenty-
two newly published books were acquired, bringing the total to 2,408 volumes; 567
books, pamphlets, journals, and reports were circulated to the staff; the two films
owned by the Department were loaned twenty-seven times to our own district offices
or to outside agencies; and many educational and interpretive films were borrowed
or rented from film libraries at the request of the district offices for showings to
community groups by our social workers.
Conclusion
In my absence on leave to serve the Government of Malaya as a United Nations
consultant on staff-training, the duties described above for eleven months of the year
under review were in the able hands of the Assistant Training Supervisor, Mrs.
Margaret Miller. I wish to take this opportunity to extend to Mrs. Miller, on behalf
of all those associated with her, as well as my own, warmest congratulations for a
job exceptionally well done.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 15
PART IL—REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION
REGION I
R. J. Burnham, Regional Administrator
The boundaries for Region I remain unchanged and comprise Vancouver
Island, the Gulf Islands, and a small section of the Mainland bordering the Johnstone and Queen Charlotte Straits. The approximate population served is 245,000
persons, with about one-half of this number living in the southern section of the
Island.   The total land area of the region is roughly 13,000 square miles.
This region is served by thirty-four and one half-time social workers, four district supervisors, two municipal administrators, and one Regional Administrator.
There was an increase of one full-time and one half-time social workers during the
year.
The following tables show case loads as at March 31st, 1960, and March 31st,
1961, by category and location of offices:—
Table I.—Administrative Offices with Distribution of Case Load
by Category of Services as at March 31st, 1961
Category
Alberni
Courtenay
Duncan
Nanaimo
Saanich
Victoria
City
Victoria
District
Total
16
390
1
23
120
344
189
10
24
1     388
9
43
153
537
223
8
32
290
9
24
87
459
173
21
37
753
12
59
256
965
243
36
226
6
39
117
760
_34
758
22
77
329
1,953     '
35
57
390
9
54
159
1,021
114
45
166
3,195
Blind Persons' Allowance
Disabled Persons' Allowance
Old-age Assistance —	
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance
Child Welfare 	
68
319
1,221
6,039
942
189
Totals
1,093
1,385
1,095
I 2,361
1,182
3,174
1,849
12,139
Table II.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major
Categories in Region I as at March 31st, for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
205
2,790
93
319
1,353
6,376
879
211
1.7
22.8
0.8
2.6
11.1
52.1
7.2
1.7
166
3,195
68
319
1,221
6,039
942
189
1.4
26.3
0.6
2.6
Old-age Assistance  ..        	
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance-
Child Welfare	
!         10.1
49.7
7.8
1.5
Totals -  	
12.226        1        100.0
12,139
100.0
The problem of providing assistance to the unemployed became a little more
acute and is reflected in our statistics, which show an increase in number of cases.
We had a total number of 2,790 cases on March 31st, 1960, and 3,195 on March
31st, 1961, or an increase of 14.5 per cent.
 L 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA
At the same time our Child Welfare case loads increased by 7.2 per cent.
It will be understood the increase in Child Welfare cases represents a great deal of
extra time and work for our staff.
It is interesting to note the number of cases in some of the categories has
dropped somewhat. In March, 1960, the total number of Blind Persons', Old-age
Assistance, Supplementary Social Allowance, and Disabled Persons' Allowance was
8,141, while in March, 1961, they totalled 7,647. The effect of this was to bring
our total case load to 12,139, or eighty-seven less than in March, 1960. Unfortunately the reduction in these categories was not sufficient to offset the increase in
the Child Welfare cases, which require so much more of the social worker's time.
Boarding- and nursing-home facilities have continued to expand in this region
as the demand for this service for elderly people has continued to grow.
Heavy demands have been made on our supervisory, social-work, and stenographic staff during the year, and my thanks go to them for their great efforts.
The co-operation and courtesy extended by the municipal staffs, as well as members
of private agencies, has been most appreciated.
REGION II
H. E. Blanchard, Regional Administrator
There have been no changes in the boundaries of the administrative unit known
as Region II since March 31st, 1960. The municipal administrative units within
the region have also remained the same.
The existing offices as of March 31st, 1961, are as follows: —
Amalgamated offices (municipal offices under the charge of Municipal Administrators) :  District of Burnaby, District of Coquitlam, New Westminster
City, City and District of North Vancouver, District of Richmond, Vancouver City, and District of West Vancouver.
District offices  (Department of Social Welfare offices under the charge of
district supervisors, serving unorganized areas and per capita municipalities:   New Westminster district office, serving unorganized areas and the
Municipalities of Delta, Fraser Mills, Port Coquitlam, and Port Moody;
Powell River district office, serving the District of Powell River and surrounding area;   Vancouver district office, serving unorganized areas of
University of British Columbia Endowment Lands, North Arm of Burrard
Inlet, Howe Sound, Cheakamus Valley, Sechelt Peninsula, Ocean Falls,
and surrounding coast.
The following tables show the distribution of case load in the various categories,
Table I for the years 1959/60 and 1960/61 (April 1st to March 31st) for the whole
of Region II, while Table II shows the breakdown of cases carried by district and
municipal offices.   In Table II the totals at March 31st, 1960, are included for a
general comparison of where changes have occurred.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L  17
Table I.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major Categories
in Region II for the Fiscal Years 1959/60 and 1960/61
Category
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
Family Service   - — 	
237
7,607
260
3,698
14,899
808
1,567
196
29,272
0.9
26.0
0.9
12.6
50.9
2.7
5.3
0.7
205
11,230
277
3,817
14,634
915
1,659
217
0.6
34.0
Blind Persons' Allowance—	
0.9
11.6
Old Age Supplementary Social Assistance	
44.4
2.8
Child Welfa".
5.0
Health and Institutional    	
0.7
Totals      -	
100.0
32,954
100.0
Table II.—Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices
of Region II as at March 31st, 1961
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356
359
117
352
7,803
161
57
11,230
7,607
Blind Persons' Allowance	
31
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17
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2
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187
5
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277
260
Old-age Assistance - -	
4171114
158
94
132
35
201
2,555
71
40
3,817
3,698
Old   Age   Security   Supplementary
Social Assistance                 	
2,141
292
768
427
825
154
479
8,846
390
312
14,634
14,899
Disabled Persons' Allowance	
82
30
38
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34
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58
587
30
16
915
808
Child Welfare      	
444
138
165
169
134
87
211
m
276
35
1,659
1,567
60
3
30
^019"
12
1,102
34
1,556
10
~440
18
1,362
	
19,978
28
22
217
196
Totals...-. -—	
4,138
885
975
499
32,954]29,272
1
1 Carried in Vancouver by the Children's Aid Societies.   See report of Superintendent of Child Welfare.
Social Allowance Cases
Table II shows the major change in the number of cases to be in the category
of Social Allowance with a total increase of 3,623 cases over March 31st, 1960.
While Vancouver accounts for more than half of these, the upward trend is consistent in all offices.
Emergency Shelters
In both Vancouver and New Westminster special facilities were provided to
give emergency shelter to transient men. Vancouver, for the second winter, with
the co-operation of all major private agencies extending services to single men, carried out a programme of registering all men applying for emergency shelter. To
supplement available accommodation, premises were rented that would provide 100
men with a bed for a night. The quarters were furnished with equipment borrowed
from the Department of National Defence and the shelter was operated by the Salvation Army. Costs were higher during the winter of 1960/61 since the only, though
better, quarters available were at a higher rental. In addition, unexpectedly the use
of the emergency shelter proved to be less, due mainly to other facilities that became
available. However, the shelter was a necessity if all needs of this nature were to be
met.   The Vancouver shelter opened November 1st, 1960, and closed March 31st,
3
 L 18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
1961, during which time an average of 287 men per month were given a total of
5,735 bed-nights at a cost of $5,342.84, averaging 93 cents per bed-night.
New Westminster operated, with the help of the Salvation Army, a large house
furnished with 40 beds, again supplied by the Department of National Defence.
The use of this accommodation was different. Instead of being used for the overflow from private agencies offering such a service (there are none), all single
transient men were housed upon application for Social Allowance for the several
days required to process their applications. As soon as eligibility for Social Allowance was established and put into pay, the applicant was expected to seek his
own accommodation. For four months an average of 160 men per month were
given a total of 2,428 bed-nights at a cost of $1,411.56, averaging 58 cents per bed-
night.
Case Load
Averages are not too indicative and case loads are not usually average since,
in the interest of efficient management, specialization is more and more the practice.
A child welfare case load of seventy can be heavy, whereas a case load of 1,100
Old Age cases can be managed by one worker. The only saving grace of the high
average case loads is the realization that approximately 50 per cent of the total
case load is composed of Old Age Security cases, which require the minimum of
attention.
I would again like to take the opportunity of thanking the private agencies
and the municipal welfare administrators and their staffs for their co-operation. To
the staff of the Department of Social Welfare, clerical persons, social workers, supervisors, and senior administration, I would like to extend special thanks for their
help.
REGION III
R. I. Stringer, Regional Administrator
There has been no changes in the regional boundaries during the past year.
The region is bounded on the south by the International Border, on the north by
Wells Gray Park, on the east by Revelstoke and district, and on the west by Bralome.
The principal concentrations of population are in and around the Cities of Kam-
loops, Vernon, Kelowna, and Penticton. The Department of Social Welfare services
are provided from six Provincial offices, one each located at Kamloops, Kelowna,
Penticton, Oliver, Salmon Arm, and Vernon, and four amalgamated offices located
at Kamloops, Kelowna, Penticton, and Vernon.
The Department of Social Welfare provides welfare services in the Municipalities of Armstrong, Enderby, Revelstoke, Salmon Arm, and Summerland, these services being paid for by the municipalities concerned on a per capita basis.
It is estimated that the population has not increased at as rapid a rate as it has
in the past few years. The demand for our services has, however, increased more
rapidly than has the population. Progress has been made toward opening an office
in Lillooet as recommended in the last Report. The Lillooet office will be staffed
by two social workers, carrying a combined case load of between 500 and 600.
The area to be serviced from this new office will include Lytton, Spences Bridge,
Clinton, Pavilion, Shalalth, Seton Portage, Bralorne, Pioneer, and the Cariboo Road
north of 70 Mile House, including Jesmond, and Queen and Loon Lake areas.
The problem of unemployment continues to put increasing demands on our
services.   According to the figures released by the Federal Government, unemploy-
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 19
ment has not increased to any marked extent during the past year. However, a
greater proportion of the unemployed did apply for financial assistance from our
Department. In many instances, case-histories revealed that applicants have lived
on unemployment insurance during short periods of unemployment during former
years, but because of shorter periods of employment, unemployment insurance benefits were either non-existent or insufficient for the period of unemployment. This
year there was $633,719.58 dispensed to assist employable persons. This is an
amount 146.9 per cent greater than last year, which in turn was 58 per cent greater
than the previous year.
The foregoing comments on assistance to employable persons are supported
by the fact that the social assistance case load increased from 27.1 per cent of the
total case load to 32.9 per cent, an actual increase from 2,291 to 3,050 cases. The
total case load increased from 8,459 to 9,262, an increase of 9.5 per cent, more than
double last year's increase. In addition to this increase in case load, there were
23,275 cases opened and closed, an increase of 27.9 per cent over the year before,
which is, in turn, an increase of 51.3 per cent over the previous year.
The staff of the region, both municipal and Provincial, made every effort to
maintain an adequate level of services and displayed admirable devotion to the
principles of social work.   Their labours have been appreciated.
The following tables show the regional case load as of March 31st, 1960, and
March 31st, 1961, by types of assistance and location of servicing offices:—
Table I.-
-Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices
of Region III as at March 31st, 1961
Category
Q.
O
O
i
g
0
M
a
o
8
>
o
s
o
£ S
e3j3
c
0
2
E.
U
>
a
o
5
Is
C3
P
c
o
St
B.O
a
o
Eg.
>U
123
923
28
206
531
39
491
26
2,367
36
249
5
98
337
45
119
12
901
82
267
6
102
308
32
241
16
1,054
12
134
21
310
19
301
10
117
392
29
239
14
244
45
197
14
136
5
83
344
40
5
317
5
62
262
18
1
169
5
95
335
98
293
3,050
79
970
Blind Persons' Allowance   -	
3     12
45   117
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance
174
14
39
3
424
335
25
150
15
985
3,215
784
Child Welfare                                                	
 1,279
1     92
Totals        ■ '..
1 iftf  snn
613
665
fi37'9 967.
Table II.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major
Categories in Region III as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
275
2,291
88
976
3,278
262
1 192
3.3
27.1
1.0
11.5
38.8
3.1
14.1
1.1
293
3,050
79
970
3,215
284
1,279
97
3.1
32.9
Blind Persons' Allowance  _	
0.9
10.5
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance.
Disabled Persons' Allowance 	
Child Welfare
34.7
3.1
97
1             1.0
Totals.  ..   .   	
8.459         1            100.0
9,262
100 0
 L 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
REGION IV
Miss Margaret Jamieson, Regional Administrator
During the past year there were no changes in the regional boundaries, which
extend from Greenwood north-east to Alberta border near Field, thence south to
the International Boundary between British Columbia and the United States. Seven
Provincial social welfare offices serve the people in this area; the district offices are
located in Grand Forks, Trail, New Denver, Nelson, Creston, Cranbrook, and
Fernie. The Trail City social welfare department closed during 1960, and services
to this municipality were transferred to the Trail district office, the cost being paid
on a per capita basis. The seven administrative offices were staffed by twenty full-
time social workers and one half-time social worker, three district supervisors, and
one Regional Administrator.
It will be noted in Table I that the total case load in the region increased
slightly; this was due to the fact that industrial activity in the Trail, Cranbrook, and
Golden areas remained reasonably hi°h, with consequent stabilizing effect on Social
Allowance needs in these districts. The pulp-mill at Castlegar and the steel plant
at Kimberley were completed and are in operation. Table II indicates the over-all
numerical and percentage comparison by major categories for 1960 and 1961, where
it is interesting to note that increases show chiefly in Social Allowance, Disabled
Persons' Allowance, and Child Welfare, which seems symptomatic of the part
played by economic stress in family situations.
Community resources are increasing—travelling mental health clinic for consultative service, local organizations providing for needs not covered by social
assistance, recreation centre for senior citizens, social group for ex-mental hospital
patients and their associates, housing for senior citizens.
On behalf of the staff of Region IV, I extend our sincere thanks to those
individuals and organizations in the community whose co-operation and initiative
have aided our clients in so many ways.
To the staff of Region IV, clerical and social work, I wish to express appreciation for their valiant response to the heavy demands made upon them and commend their loyalty and devotion to duty.
Table I.—Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices
of Region IV as at March 31st, 1961
Category
M
o
o
Jo
G
RJ
u
e
o
<u
i-
u
g
O
C
O
a
o
M
z
ZQ
'3
i-i
H
o
H
41
465
7
99
403
28
167
20
1,230
34
166
4
76
241
22
65
6
614
9
123
2
59
213
16
31
1
454
5
145
9
108
270
23
33
5
~598~
22
592
4
162
487
30
113
15
U425
11
96
3
81
250
7
53
3
504
21
460
10
128
405
48
156
31
1,259
143
2,047
Blind Persons' Allowance -   	
39
713
2,269
174
Child Welfare
618
81
~6,084~
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 21
Table II.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major
Categories in Region IV as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1959760
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
168
1,993
38
735
2,309
162
600
73
2.8
32.9
0.6
12.1
37.9
2.7
9.9
1.2
143
2,047
39
713
2,269
174
618
81
2.4
33.6
0.6
11.7
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance...
37.3
2.9
Child Welfare -                            	
10.2
1.3
Totals	
6.078
100.0
6,084
100.0
REGION V
V. H. Dallamore, Regional Administrator
This year was a busy one indeed for Region V in that the case load increased
during the twelve-month period by 43.3 per cent to a total of 5,558. This was an
increase of 1,679 cases, of which 1,526 were recipients of Social Allowance.
The majority of clients causing this increase in Social Allowance were unemployed employable applicants. Statistics of this particular group were not kept
throughout the region, but they were in Prince George and would appear to indicate
generally the condition throughout. In that office the unemployed employable case
load increased from 419 to 1,047. This amounts to an increase of 149.9 per cent.
The fact that these cases have been established in one differentiated case load during
the previous fiscal year provided a means of determining more accurately the situation with regard to them. By March 31st of 1961 three social workers were
handling this group exclusively, and a survey was initiated in an attempt to determine
their potentiality for retraining. It is hoped that the findings of this survey may
be available shortly in the new fiscal year.
In March, 1961, a separate case load for unemployed employable applicants
was set up in the Dawson Creek office. One worker was assigned to this case load,
but other workers are required to help out from time to time.
Children-in-care increased in numbers by 18.6 per cent to a total of 389. At
the same time the number of foster homes only increased by 14.9 per cent, and the
relationship of children-in-care to foster homes became 1.30, compared to a figure
of 1.26 which appertained at the beginning of the fiscal year. However, our
resources for the handling of children-in-care were improved by the establishment
of a receiving-home for three infants in Prince George and a receiving-home for
six children between the ages of 1 and 21 in Dawson Creek.
Total case loads increased in each office, and this is notable in the categories
in Social Allowance which may be seen from Table I. This category of service has
become over half of the total case load, while the aged categories of Old-age Assistance, Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance, and Blind Persons'
Allowance have decreased to approximately one-quarter.
The increases in case load were greatest in Dawson Creek, Quesnel, and Fort
St. lohn. In Dawson Creek the increase amounted to 60.2 per cent, in Quesnel
56.0 per cent, and in Fort St. John 55.6 per cent. For the region as a whole the
increase amounted to 43.3 per cent.
 L 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table I.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major Categories
in Region V as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
212
1,380
47
374
954
49
828
35
5.5
35.6
1.2
9.6
24.6
1.3
21.3
0.9
244
2,906
46
377
986
48
913
38
4.4
52.3
Blind Persons' Allowance  	
0.8
6.8
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance
Disabled Persons' Allowance  _ 	
Child Welfare                   	
17.7
0.9
16.4
0.7
Totals   	
3,879
100.0
5,558
100.0
Table II,
-Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices
of Region V as at March 31st, 1961
Category
Dawson
Creek
Fort
St. John
Prince
George
Quesnel
Vander-
hoof
Williams
Lake
Total
Family Service —	
Social Allowance     —	
Blind Persons' Allowance.         	
Old-age Assistance   	
Old Age Security Supplementary Social
55
523
2
77
183
12
150
9
69
222
3
42
134
3
104
5
51
1,357
10
111
279
12
318
17
27
401
1
43
138
7
131
4
5
117
11
49
115
2
89
37
286
19
55
137
12
121
3
244
2,906
46
377
986
Disabled Persons' Allowance 	
Child Welfare  - 	
Health and Institutional  	
48
913
38
Totals. .-. -. -..-
1,011
582
2,155
752
388
670
5,558
During the year the social-work staff was increased by three full-time and one
half-time members to a total of eighteen. The relationship between cases active in
March, 1961, and the total case load at the end of the month was 45.0 per cent.
This is slightly higher than this relationship in March, 1960, when it was 42.5 per
cent. This indication of demand upon social-work staff in Region V is a significant
feature of case loads in this region.
The stenographic and clerical staff were hard pressed because of the large
increase in case load and the fact that the shift toward Social Allowance imposed
additional urgent work upon this portion of the staff. Although their numbers were
increased by two full-time and one half-time stenographer, they were obliged to
do a considerable amount of overtime work in order to maintain services. Clerical
and stenographic staff at the end of the fiscal year included thirteen full-time personnel, two half-time personnel, and one stenographer working one day per week.
All staff are to be commended for their devotion to their jobs, and I wish to
take this opportunity to express my appreciation. I also wish to thank civic officials, community organizations, and interested persons whose help and support has
meant so much to the operations of our programme.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 23
REGION VI
A. E. Bingham, Regional Administrator
This region is composed of the Fraser Valley and a part of the Fraser Canyon.
From Surrey and Pitt Meadows it extends east along each side of the Fraser River
to Manning Park and north up to but not including Lytton. The region is bounded
on the south by the U.S. Border, and high mountains form the northern boundary.
Within this region, population growth varies, but it is increasing each year. The
present regional population is estimated at 185,000.
Parts of the region continue to undergo rapid suburban development. Housing, industry, and agriculture are competing for land use. There is diversification
in the new industry established in the region, but wood products and food-processing
plants are the main ones.
There are fifteen municipalities in the region, varying widely in size, population, wealth, and organization. The eastern end of the region is unorganized territory. The Social Assistance Act and regulations make it possible to fuse the region
into two administrative patterns instead of fragmentation into fifteen municipalities
plus unorganized territory. The Municipality of Surrey has its own municipal social
welfare department. This department provides services through two municipal
offices, located at Cloverdale and Whalley. The balance of the region is served by
five Provincial social welfare district offices. These are located at White Rock,
Langley, Abbotsford, Chilliwack, and Haney. In addition, the Chilliwack district
office operates a sub-office at Hope, and in January of the year under review a sub-
office was opened in the new Mission Court-house by the Abbotsford district office.
The social-work staff in the region increased by two social workers during the
year. As at March 31st, 1961, the region was staffed with thirty social workers,
one assistant district supervisor, four district supervisors, one Municipal Administrator, and one Regional Administrator.
In the winter months of the past year, pressure was felt by all offices from the
numbers of people requiring financial assistance because of unemployment. Each
Office adapted itself to the single role of meeting economic need and protecting people against actual want. This is reflected by Table I, which shows that the regional
case load increased sharply by 1,422 cases during the year, with Social Allowance
cases accounting for 1,275 of the increase. This trend was also seen on office
intake. A sampling of office intake shows that in January 115 people visited one
office on a day chosen at random. Ninety of the visits related to Social Allowance,
ten visits concerned ancillary services, nine visits involved the Old-age Assistance
Board, four were Child Welfare cases, and two visits were Family Service cases.
At the end of the fiscal year there were 9,767 families and individuals in receipt
of direct financial assistance within the region. Of these, 1,606 were employable
persons. Regional experience is that these unemployed employables are marginal
workers. They are persons who, because of lack of education and because of lack
of trade-training, find it difficult to find work in a competitive labour market.
There were thirty people in receipt of Social Allowance who entered trade-
training under Schedule M during the year.
Housekeeper service, to help preserve family life, was financed through Social
Allowance for seventy-eight families in the past year.
As can be seen in Table I, there were 1,142 Child Welfare cases in the region
at March 31st, 1961. Priority in Child Welfare services was given to the protection
of children. There were 209 children admitted into care during the year because
their needs could not be fulfilled by their families in their own homes.
 L 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Included in these Child Welfare statistics are other Child Welfare services
given in the period under review. As the pressure of other work would allow, the
following services were given: Services to unmarried mothers, to assist them meet
their immediate needs and to help them make adequate plans; adoption services,
to assure that adoptable children will receive love and protection in the legally created families and foster-home services, to assure children who need substitute family
care healthy development during the period that their own family cannot care for
them.
Liaison was kept with Civil Defence authorities during the year. This region
is on the edge of a population concentration. If a disaster of any kind occurs or is
imminent, people of the Lower Mainland may leave their homes and move eastward.
Thus the existing social welfare structure should give some thought to emergency
welfare services. Our role would be to help provide for evacuees the basic necessities of life and help with problems of human adjustment.
Several new developments took place during the year. There were four students from the School of Social Work of the University of British Columbia placed
for field work in the region. The students worked in two Provincial district offices
two days a week from October to April. The purpose of these placements was
to co-operate with the School of Social Work and to enable the students relate principles and concepts studied in the classroom to the actual operation of social work.
Another new development was the setting-up of a community mental-health
clinic in Chilliwack. This clinic makes planned use of the oresent community services, directing them arainst behaviour or mental-health problems presented in the
community.   The Chilliwack district office takes an active part in this pilot project.
We co-operated again this year with Mental Health Services in the placement
in approved boarding homes of patients who have benefited from care in the Provincial Mental Hospital but who have no one to plan for them. While in boarding
home they continue to be patients of the hospital. Some are patients who are well
stabilized on medication and need only a sheltered environment with a continuation
of medication. Other patients seem ready to return- to the community but need a
time of testing to see if they retain the gains made in the hospital. Two district
offices are involved in this project.
This was a very busy year for all staff. Social workers and stenographers,
municipal and Provincial employees alike, have capably fulfilled their jobs. I extend to all personnel appreciation for the time and energy so readily given during
the past year.
Table I.—Numerical and Percentage Comparison of Case Load by Major
Categories in Region VI as at March 31st for the Years 1960 and 1961
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
172
2,713
58
1,114
4,166
292
1,113
101
1.8
27.9
0.6
11.5
42.8
3.0
11.4
1.0
140
3,988
61
1,215
4,196
307
1,142
102
1.3
Social Allowance   -
35.8
0.5
Old-age Assistance    —    ... - - -	
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance 	
Disabled Persons' Allowance - 	
Child Welfare                       .   - 	
10.9
37.6
2.8
10.2
0.9
Totals
9,729
100.0
11,151
100.0
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 25
Table II.—Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices of
Region VI as at March 31st, 1961
Category
Abbotsford
Chilliwack
Haney
Langley
Surrey
White
Rock
Total
Family Service   —  	
14
692
15
272
944
71
205
20
2,233 ~
43
929
14
249
751
56
263
19
12
452
2
127
395
32
143
16
24
426
9
152
480
37
171
9
44
1,336
17
354
1,333
91
321
32
3
153
4
61
293
20
39
6
579
140
3,988
Blind Persons' Allowance	
61
1,215
Old   Age  Security   Supplementary   Social
4,196
Disabled Persons' Allowance  	
Child Welfare     	
307
1,142
Health and Institutional   	
102
Totals - 	
2,324
1,179
1,308
3,528
11,151
REGION VII
W. H. Crossley, Regional Administrator
The area covered by the region remained the same, embracing the area from
Milbanke Sound to the Alaska Border on the coast, and from the Queen Charlotte
Islands east to Endako on Highway No. 16.
Within the region there was a chanse in administrative areas in March, 1961,
when the Nass River area, containing the Indian villages of Aiyansh, Greenville, and
Canyon City, was transferred from the jurisdiction of the Prince Rupert office to
that of the Terrace district office. There were two reasons underlying this move:
the area is accessible by road from Terrace, with the completion of the Columbia
Cellulose access road, and the Indian Agency serving this area is now located in
Terrace. Closer liaison between our office and the Indian Superintendent is now
possible.
This was a rather difficult year in all the offices within the region, save Burns
Lake. Despite the difficulties, however, there were bright snots. The addition of a
part-time stenographer to the Prince Runert office complement in July helped cut
the backlog of clerical work in that office. In the Smithers office an additional
social worker was added to the staff in May, 1960, and this addition heloed maintain
the level of service in this very active office. The addition of one part-time social
worker to the Terrace office comolement in June, 1960, enabled the office to offer
essential services to the Terrace-Kitimat area more readily. In Auaust we were
heartened by the announcement of the approval given by the Federal Department
of Citizenship and Immigration to the provision of a special Indian Project Worker
in Prince Rupert, to be paid by that Department, with office accommodation,
stenographic help, and supervision to be supplied by this Department, in order to
assist in ameliorating the many social problems arising out of the influx of native
people off reserve into the different urban environment of Prince Runert. This
project, arising out of the research programmes mentioned in previous Annual
Reports, will be a four-point programme, undertaking direct intensive casework
help, further research work, development of community resources, and co-ordination
of the efforts of agencies and groups interested in this problem. This step forward
in Canadian welfare annals is a positive result of the Federal-Provincial committee
set up between this Department and the Federal Indian Affairs Branch. At the end
of the year the worker had not been recruited, but upward salary revisions made
this seem more likely in the near future.
4
 L 26
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The economic activity in the region was again not expansive. The lay-off of
Columbia Cellulose Woods Division employees in the late fall in the Terrace area
led to an increase in Social Allowance applications in that area, as did the relatively
poor fishing season in the Prince Rupert area. This increase, coupled with the
continued influx of unskilled transient unemployed, led to a greatly increased cost
in Social Allowances in the region and pressured the staff more and more as the year
progressed.  These increases are reflected in the tables shown below.
Table I.—Case Load by Major Categories in the District Administrative Offices of
Region VII for the Year 1960/61 as at March 31st, 1961
Category
Burns
Lake
Prince
Rupert
Smithers
Terrace
Total
Family Service — 	
Social Allowance	
Blind Persons' Allowance -
Old-age Assistance
Old Age Security Supplementary Social Allowance-
Disabled Persons' Allowance	
Child Welfare   	
Health and Institutional	
Totals	
11
78
13
22
92
4
45
4
52
730
17
71
210
21
247
13
15
169
20
63
123
20
96
2
269      ]    1,361
508
21
250
10
44
81
9
219
642
99
1,227
60
200
506
54
607
27
"27780"
Table II.—Case Load by Major Categories in Region VII as at March 31st
for the Years 1960 and 1961
Category
1959/60
1960/61
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
111
1,069
53
188
533
42
592
23
4.3
40.9
2.0
7.2
20.4
1.6
22.7
0.9
99
1,227
60
200
506
54
607
27
3.6
44.1
Blind Persons' Allowance	
2.2
7.2
18.2
Disabled Persons' Allowance
Child Wplfsirf.
1.9
1.0
Totals    	
2,611
100.0
2,780
100.0
It will be seen by Table II that the regional total was up 169 cases over the
previous years. The increase was made up largely of 158 Social Allowance cases
and an additional eighty-five children-in-care under our Child Welfare programme.
There were, however, decreases in some categories that partially compensated
numerically for the increases. Other Child Welfare categories were down forty
cases. Unfortunately, this was not a positive decrease because a large portion of
this forty-case decrease was in the adoption field, and reflects the growing scarcity
of adoption homes, which tends to limit our placement opportunities for children-
in-care. The various pension categories increased slightly. Family Service was
limited to ninety-nine cases, a slight decrease.
The increase in children-in-care strained our placement resources. There were
297 children-in-care in the region at the end of March. Of these children, 85 per
cent were native or part-native extraction, which meant that the location of permanent foster or adoption homes was a difficult and lengthy process.
There is a need to develop nursing-home services for some of our chronically
ill citizens.    For the most part, these are elderly people who are understandably
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 27;
reluctant to leave their familiar surroundings to be placed in the south where these
resources exist. In some cases this year this has been a time-consuming difficulty
that staff have encountered.
In January there was a successful joint regional conference held in Prince
George. The social-work staff profited from the institute devoted to public assistance problems, ably led by the Director of Social Welfare.
In March, 1961, the announcement by our Minister that the staff, both clerical
and professional, would be increased in the next fiscal year provided a great boost
to staff morale, and gave the staff greater incentive to plan future improvements in
the services.
This year we once again enjoyed excellent co-operation from municipal officials, police, school authorities, barristers, and many others who helped us serve
those in need. The staff members have risen splendidly to the challenge of the tasks
before them. On behalf of the Department in this region, I extend our thanks to all
these groups and individuals.
 L 28
BRITISH COLUMBIA
PART III.—DIVISIONAL ADMINISTRATION
Miss Marie Riddell, Assistant Director of Social Welfare
FAMILY DIVISION
I wish to present the annual report of the Family Division, relating to the
services for families and individuals provided in the Social Assistance Act, and the
Family Service programme for the fiscal year April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961.
SOCIAL ALLOWANCES SECTION
For the year under review the case load, as will be noted from Table I, has
risen steadily and has brought pressure on the field staff due to the volume of applications for social assistance.
In the over-all case load there are a great number of single transient men who
seem to travel continually from area to area in the Province seeking employment or
because their life pattern prevents them from settling down. Again, pressures have
been experienced from this type of applicant at various district and municipal offices
throughout the Province.
This problem is not exclusive to British Columbia, because information available indicates that a similar situation exists throughout Canada, but in British
Columbia it is felt that numerically and proportionately we have a greater number
of single unemployed than in any other of the four western Provinces.
This group represents one of the greatest problems and challenges in the
administration of social assistance and taxes the social workers' time to the fullest
extent.
Some preliminary research in connection with the problem of single transient
men has been carried out under the auspices of the Public Welfare Division of the
Canadian Welfare Council, but a great deal more study is required in connection
with this problem. Some of the early findings show that the great majority of the
single men lack even minimum education or vocational or work skills. It is pleasing
to note that here in British Columbia, under the sponsorship of the Department of
Education in conjunction with the Federal Government, special classes are being
conducted to allow unemployed persons to improve their academic standing.
Another group of social assistance recipients which does give the Department
great concern is the so-called " multi-problem " families, where financial assistance
alone is not the total answer to the needs of the family or can resolve the many
problems and difficulties which beset them. Extensive casework services are required in this type of problem.
Table I.—Case Load and Total Number of Recipients in Pay on a Monthly Basis
Heads of
Families
Dependents
Single
Recipients
Total
Case Load
April, 1960	
May, 1960 	
June, I960	
July, 1960 _
August, 1960 	
September, 1960-
•October, 1960 ...
November, I960..
December, 1960 _
January, 1961 —
February, 1961	
March, 1961	
7,634
7,670
8,400
8,286
8,360
8,889
9,577
10,562
11,283
11,422
11,375
11,51-5
21,997
22,413
24,348
23,777
24,226
25,737
27,664
32,574
34,585
34,515
34,347
35,180
11,812
11,938
12,470
12,521
12,306
13,456
14,054
15,611
15,473
15,966
15,210
16,557
41,443
42,021
45,218
44,584
44,892
48,082
51,295
58,747
61,341
61,903
60,932
63,252
19,446
19,608
20,870
20,807
20,666
22,345
23,631
26,173
26,756
27.388
26,585
28,072
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 29
Table II.—Comparative Figures of Cases Opened and Closed
Opened Closed
March, 1959   2,513        2,337
March, 1960   3,867 3,527
March, 1961   4,737        4,636
Comparative totals of recipients according to region, and whether living in
organized and unorganized territory, are shown in the following table:—
Table III.—Comparative Totals by Region and Organized and Unorganized
Territory of Recipients of Social Allowance in March, 1961,1960, and 1959
PROVINCIAL (UNORGANIZED)
Region I—
Alberni
Duncan
Nanaimo
Victoria -
331
986
590
242
768
505
602
551
289
745
472
3,546   2,466   2,560
ion II—■
New   Westminster .
Vancouver 	
Westview   .
55
448
99
53
397
101
42
300
122
464
Region III—
Kamloops     1,896 1,359 1,183
Kelowna   _ 623 420 395
Penticton     929 812 702
Salmon Arm   562 353 270
Vernon     902 755 673
4,912
3,699
3,223
ion IV—
Cranbrook  	
.-    1,115
819
458
Creston   	
640
421
443
Fernie    	
112
80
98
Grand Forks	
212
124
113
Nelson   „.- 	
859
548
451
New Denver -	
171
133
171
Trail  _ 	
606
561
430
3,715
2,686
2,164
MUNICIPAL (ORGANIZED)
Mar., Mar., Mar.,
1961    1960    1959
313       201       250       Alberni
Courtenay   .__ _    1,326      750      804      Courtenay
Central  Saanich
Duncan   	
Esquimalt   	
Nanaimo    	
North Cowichan
Oak Bay 	
Port Alberni 	
Saanich    	
Mar.,
Mar.,
Mar.,
1961
1960
1959
142
122
94
125
70
83
44
33
35
126
65
84
137
98
101
788
549
533
265
123
157
46
30
35
384
266
212
600
374
271
Victoria   _     1,686    1,364    1,601
4,343    3,094   3,206
Burnaby	
Coquitlam    -
Delta    -...-	
New Westminster __
N. Vancouver City .
N. Vancouver District
Port Coquitlam 	
Port Moody 	
Powell River 	
Richmond    	
Vancouver   	
West Vancouver 	
2,403
998
290
1,553
551
335
278
182
199
701
14,318
129
1,522
1,169
493
378
189
177
914
832
336
300
199
148
167
131
81
84
177
169
445
362
9,017
8,686
104
90
Cranbrook    _  831
Fernie    _  131
Grand Forks   98
Greenwood     28
Kimberley _ 92
Nelson      326
Rossland     130
Trail     889
343
279
60
47
66
66
14
11
60
49
282
235
129
67
354
331
7,889    5,560   5.766
21,937 13,644 12,526
22,539 14,195 12,990
Armstrong      44 22 33
Enderby     ._  27 39 51
Kamloops      427 353 303
Kelowna    ._  310 219 192
Penticton     690 551 399
Revelstoke    _ 84 58 45
Salmon Arm District 252 171 167
Summerland    - 152 105 94
Vernon    _  354 264 188
2,340    1,782    1,472
7,252    5,481    4,695
2,525    1,308    1,085
6,240    3,994    3,249
 L 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table HI.—Comparative Totals by Region and Organized and Unorganized Territory of Recipients of Social Allowance in March, 1961,1960, and 1959—Continued
PROVINCIAL (UNORGANIZED)
Mar., Mar., Mar.,
1961    1960    1959
Region V—
Fort St. John   323 152 225
Pouce Coupe   652 217 346
Prince George .  1,354 792 550
Quesnel     577 232 163
Vanderhoof     289 139 146
Williams Lake   608 364 301
3,803    1,896    1,731
Region VI—
Abbotsford
Chilliwack
Haney   	
327 195 209
628 534 580
122        56        48
1,077       785       837
Region VII—
Burns Lake 	
Prince  Rupert
Smithers   	
Terrace   	
184 172 167
414 306 234
497 351 313
97 50 426
1,192      879    1,140
MUNICIPAL (ORGANIZED)
Mar.,   Mar.,   Mar.,
1961     1960     1959
Dawson Creek
Fort St. John .
Prince George .
Quesnel   	
Kitimat   	
Prince Rupert
Terrace   	
739 217 143
106 61 46
691 377 366
311 134 65
1,847      789
Chilliwack City	
Chilliwack Township
Langley City 	
Langley   Township	
Maple Ridge 	
Matsqui     	
Mission District 	
Mission Town  	
Sumas   	
Surrey   	
White Rock  	
620
456
288
284
1,083
751
710
140
90
867
552
557
1,146
577
523
843
731
670
498
330
316
133
61
93
220
177
143
4,153
2,230
1,828
310
279
223
5,650    2,685    2,351
9,849    6,066    5,414
10,926    6,851    6,251
59 58 70
949       610      565
556       395
1,564    1,063       635
2,756    1,942    1,775
63,252 40,708 37,077
The following comparison shows the approximate percentages of the total
number of recipients by region:—
March, 1961 March, 1960 March, 1959
(PerCent) (Per Cent) (Per Cent)
Region I   12.5 13.6 15.6
Region II  35.6 34.9 35.0
Region III   11.5 13.5 12.6
Region IV      9.9 9.8 8.8
Region V      8.9 6.6 6.3
Region VI    17.3 16.8 16.9
Region VII      4.3 4,8 4.8
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 31
Once again the increase in case loads is followed by a comparable increase in
expenditures for this fiscal year, as follows:—
Table IV.—Expenditures by the Province for Social Allowances,
Medical Services, etc.
Fiscal Year
1958/591
Fiscal Year
1959/60
Fiscal Year
1960/61
Basic Social Allowances-
Repatriation, transportation within the Province, nursing- and
boarding-home care (other than tuberculosis), special allowances and grants	
Emergency payments, such as where a family may lose its
home by fire or similar circumstances	
Municipal and Provincial cases—
(a) Tuberculosis,   boarding-,   nursing-,
cases... 	
and  private-home
(fe) Transportation of tuberculosis cases	
(c) Comforts allowance for tuberculosis cases..
Hospitalization of social assistance cases... 	
P10,696,506.04
1,831,882.18
59,008.84
348,610.21
2,471.10
6,941.50
25,678.15
$13,146,730.69
2,579,293.56
60,783.84
363,191.77
2,942.76
7,510.00
9,790.60
$21,406,719.50
3,020,886.15
50,492.14
319,920.87
2,170.00
4,825.00
14,269.55
Gross Social Allowance costs as per Public Accounts-
Less municipal share of costs and sundry credits—
Net Social Allowances  	
512,971,098.02
843,215.72
$16,170,243.22 | $24,819,283.21
1,593,962.31 |      2,545,723.88
Administration and operation of New Denver pavilion	
Medical services and drugs .	
Totals  J  :	
$12,127,882.30 |
38,540.57
2,814,558.80 |
$14,576,280.91  | $22,273,559.33
22,841.25 | 22,303.13
3,697,606.19 j      4,087,943.73
$14,980,981.67 | $18,296,728.35 | $26,383,806.19
1 Effective September 1st, 1958, the basis of sharing social welfare costs with mun'cipalities was changed
from 85%/15% to 90%/10%, and the municipal share billed on a proportion of population rather than by individual residence responsibility. Consequently, Social Allowance costs for 1958/59 and 1959/60 have been shown
in gross with the municipal share deducted in total to arrive at net costs.
For the fiscal year 1960/61 the Province received from the Federal Government re—
Unemployment Assistance Agreement   $11,242,702.54
Welfare assistance to immigrants   307.35
Sundry ,  5,187.18
Total :  $11,248,197.07
Rehabilitation
During this year, in co-operation with the Health Branch and under the
auspices of Federal health grants, a Rehabilitation Consultant was appointed.
It is hoped that ultimately it will be possible to review all Social Allowance
case loads in the Province for the purpose of selecting those individuals whose need
for financial assistance is complicated by a medical problem and for whom a satisfactory rehabilitation plan can be worked out.
The first survey is at present under way in the Nanaimo district office, but at
the close of the fiscal year it was still too early to request a definitive report on the
results, which may take several months. Thereafter the programme should be an
ongoing one in the district office once the necessary procedural patterns are
established.
General
In accordance with section 13 of the regulations to the Social Assistance Act,
twenty-five Boards of Review were established during this fiscal year. From these
reviews, twelve recommendations were in favour of the appellant and thirteen
were not.
There were no amendments to the Social Assistance Act or regulations thereto
in this fiscal year.
 L 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Effective April 1st, 1960, the Social Allowance scale was increased by 20 per
cent over the preceding year.
FAMILY SERVICE SECTION
Family Service, in the statistical and categorical sense in which it is used in this
portion of the Annual Report, refers to those families and individuals to whom casework service is offered under the provisions of the Social Assistance Act, and where
financial assistance is not being granted.
The preservation of family life should be our constant goal, and its achievement
the most important preventive aspect of the programme of the Department.
The following table gives the monthly Family Service case load and activity for
the fiscal year under review.
Table I.—Total of Family Service Cases, April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961
Total at
Beginning
of Month
Opened
Closed
Total at
End of
Month
Total at
End of
March
Last Year
April, 1960	
May, 1960	
June, 1960	
July, 1960	
August, 1960 --
September, I960..
October, 1960 _
November, 1960-
December, 1960...
January, 1961 —
February, 1961	
March, 1961	
1,380
1,356
1,403
1,427
1,410
1,434
1,403
1,365
1,348
1,311
1,311
1,280
158
243
173
136
176
141
11«
1.13
104
109
131'
142
182
196
149
153
152
172
155
131
141'
109
162
132
1,356
1,403
1,427
1,410
1,434
1,403
1,366
1,348
1,311
1,311
1,280
1,290
1,375
1,376
1,387
1,403
1,403
1,358
1,351
1,359
1,374
1,358
1,366
1,380
Other Services
Family Allowances
Under a long-standing arrangement, the Family Division continues to act as
the channel for requests from the Family Allowances Division of the Department
of National Health and Welfare for inquiries and reports regarding a family's use
of or eligibility for Family Allowances.
Table II.—Requests Received from Family Allowances Division, April 1st, 1960,
to March 31st, 1961
Received during fiscal year.
  33
Referrals pending, April 1st, 1961   11
Total number of requests referred
Referrals completed	
44
40
Referrals pending, March 31st, 1961
Old Age Security
The Division continues to serve as a channel also for requests to assist, where
necessary, elderly persons who are encountering difficulties with documents or
correspondence in completing applications for Old Age Security.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 33
Table III.—Requests Received from Old Age Security Division from
April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961
Pending as at April 1st, 1960     3
Received during fiscal year  12
Total case load  15
Total reports completed  13
Requests pending, March 31st, 1961     2
CONCLUSION
The Family Division wishes to express sincere appreciation to all staff of the
Department for their co-operation and unfailing help and support, as well as to
municipal welfare departments, other departments of Government, and the voluntary
agencies.
 L 34 BRITISH COLUMBIA
CHILD WELFARE DIVISION
Miss Mary K. King, Superintendent
During the fiscal year the Superintendent of Child Welfare and three Children's
Aid Societies cared for 7,310 children, and as at March 31st, 1961, 5,256 children
remained in care, as follows:—
Table I.—Number of Children in Care
During Number as at
Year Mar. 31, 1961
Vancouver Children's Aid Society  1,760 1,235
Catholic Children's Aid Society      980 713
Victoria Children's Aid Society      474 292
Total in care of three Children's Aid Societies   3,214 2,240
Total in care of Superintendent of Child Welfare._.__. 4,096 3,016
Total in care of the three Children's Aid
Societies and the Superintendent of
Child Welfare  7,310 5,256
There was an increase of 470 children in the care of the three Children's Aid
Societies and the Superintendent of Child Welfare during the year. It appears significant that there was an increase of only eighty-five children in the care of the
three Children's Aid Societies, while the increase in the number of children in care
of the Superintendent of Child Welfare was 385. A comparable difference appears
in the increase in the number of children-in-care as at March 31st, 1961. The number of children in care of the three Children's Aid Societies at that date had increased by only one, while the number of children in care of the Superintendent of
Child Welfare had increased by 313. It can be assumed that the difference in these
increases was due partly to the increase in the northern population and the resulting
need to admit a greater number of native Indian children to care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare in this northern area. The expansion of the northern part
of this Province, the additional pressures on families due to unemployment, and
the resulting over-all need for social welfare services have presented and will continue to present a challenge to the Social Welfare Department in all areas of service.
Casework service to families is one of the ways in which this challenge can be met.
The following is an example of what can be accomplished by social casework
service to a family.
At the age of 10 and in Grade IV, Barbara was referred to a travelling mental
health clinic after conference between the school, public health nurse, the family
physician, and the Department of Social Welfare. For the duration of Barbara's
school life she had been a severe and disturbing management problem in the school
because of her impulsive outbursts of hyperactivity, restlessness, temper displays,
and marked academic and social disorganization. She was the only child of middle-
aged parents who appeared to be as emotionally ill as she, lived in a world of then-
own, and resented bitterly any outside attention or assistance. Any discussion with
the parents of the child's problem threatened their own way of living, and they
obviously were in fear of facing their own involvement in their child's behaviour.
They tended to blame the school and others and to build a protective wall of defences around themselves.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
L 35
At the point when Barbara had to be expelled from school, the parents finally
agreed to have her examined at the psychiatric clinic, where she was found to be
in the range of normal intelligence, and where the school and health and welfare
personnel were given a good deal of interpretation of the personality of all members
of this family. Barbara had to be removed from the school situation temporarily,
but arrangements were made for special coaching from a neighbour whom the family gradually came to accept and to trust. Months later Barbara returned to school
for brief periods, being removed when the school situation became too exciting for
her. After several interviews with the parents, the social worker was finally able
to bring them to a point where they could accept Barbara's need for tranquilizing
drugs, which had previously been prescribed for her. The family were beginning
to lose their fears concerning treatment for their child. They were able to express
some of their hostile feelings toward outsiders to the social worker and to gain some
support from her understanding of their deep attachment to their daughter.
It may be necessary when Barbara is somewhat older and has the problems of
adolescence to contend with that she will still require treatment in a special school
setting. She has made a start now, however, toward fitting into a group of children
her own age in the local school, and her parents have learned to trust the organizations who have tried by their co-operative effort to help Barbara lead a happier,
more normal childhood.
Table II.—Legal Status and Whereabouts of the 3,016 Children in the Care of
the Superintendent of Child Welfare as at March 31st, 1961
P.C.A.
Wards
s.c.w.
Non-
wards
Before
Court
J.D.A.
Wards
Agency
Wards
O.P.
Wards
Immigration
Wards
Total
266
338
413
152
334
340
249
27
40
56
22
27
39
38
29
42
37
11
22
40
12      |
20
11
23
9
9
14
3
15
10
13
14
2
16
2
3
5
3
5
9
4
::::
i
i
i
"<57
444
Region III.—    .
Region IV    	
Region V   - —
Region VI -   	
Region VII  -	
547
212
400
459
308
Totals -- 	
Superintendent of Child Welfare children under other agency supervision
Superintendent of Child Welfare and
agency children supervised by another Province —-   —-	
2,092
111
61
249
25
193
I
3
1
_      |
89
13
1
72
36
29
24
....
3
14
1
2,727
190
99
Grand totals 	
2,264
274
196
103
108
53
18
3,016
As Table II indicates, about one-fourth of the children in the care of the
Superintendent of Child Welfare were in the Prince Rupert, Terrace, Prince George,
and Dawson Creek areas. The greatest number of these children were of native
Indian racial origin, but the Okanagan area cared for the largest number of children
in any one region. The heaviest concentration in this region was in the Kamloops
district office, in which there is also a high proportion of native Indian population.
Of these 3,016 children in care, 61 were living in correctional institutions as
at March 31st, 1961, as follows: Brannen Lake School for Boys, 22; Willingdon
School for Girls, 13; Oakalla Prison Farm, 13; Haney Correctional Institution, 10;
Kamloops Gaol, 1; British Columbia Penitentiary, 2.
While a strong foster-home programme will always be the basic core of a
placement programme for children, this programme must be augmented by other
placement, treatment, and custodial resources to meet the varying needs of children
to-day.    For reasons not yet entirely explainable, placement agencies are being
 L 36
BRITISH COLUMBIA
called upon to care for an increasing number of children who are emotionally ill
or whose behaviour pattern is so disordered that the child cannot live in the community but requires special institutional care. This is a problem to be shared with
Mental Health Services. The development of mental-health clinics throughout the
Province and the extension of the services given by these clinics will be of great
assistance to the placement programme of the Department of Social Welfare and
will involve a close working relationship between the two departments. This hopefully will result in an extension of the Child Welfare services, which would include
the aforementioned institutional or other resources.
Through the facilities of Sevenoaks Treatment Centre (Family and Children's
Service in Victoria) and the Children's Foundation in Vancouver, there are treatment services available to thirty-one emotionally disturbed children between the
ages of 6 and 12 years. Through the Children's Clinic, Mental Health Centre,
Burnaby, out-patient treatment is available to children in approximately the same
age-group. St. Euphrasia's School in Vancouver provides residential treatment
service to twenty girls between 12 and 15 years of age and has plans under way to
increase the number of girls to thirty. The Provincial Government has been generous in financially assisting the development of these resources under private agency
auspices.
As at March 31st, 1961, twenty-nine wards of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare were being cared for in The Woodlands School and twelve in St. Christopher's School, a privately operated residential school for educable mentally retarded
children. The educational services provided by the Association for Retarded Children and the Department of Education have been of great assistance in caring for
mentally retarded children within the community.
Many foster-parents throughout the Province have, during the year, cared for
children with serious mental, emotional, and behavioural problems with sacrifice to
themselves and little emotional satisfaction. To all these foster-parents and to the
others who have provided foster care to our many children, we owe a debt of
gratitude.
A child-care placement programme presents a challenge to-day to any public
welfare department or private child-care agency, and can only be met by public
department and private agency planning for the varying needs of children and by the
concerted efforts of the whole community.
Table III.—Age and Legal Status of Children in the Care of the Superintendent
of Child Welfare as at March 31st, 1961
Legal Status
0-5
Months
6-11
Months
1-2
Years
3-5
Years
6-11
Years
12-13
Years
14-17
Years
18-21
Years
Total
P.C.A. wards 	
11
16
21
3
;   48
11
9
218
31
38
.
14
2
337
38
30
13
4
~422~
656
74
60
4
15
13
~822~
245
36
12
13
5
7
1
488
59
24
66
20
19
1
261
9
2
20
32
7
16
2,264
274
196
Juvenile Delinquents Act
Wards and non-wards of Children's
Aid Societies in care of Superintendent of Child Welfare ..
Wards of other Provinces
Immigrant wards under Protection
of Children Act    	
103
108
53
18
Totals   .     -	
51
75
303
319
677
347
3,016
While there were twelve less children-in-care between birth and 5 months of
age as at March 31st, 1961, there were eighty-six more children-in-care between
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 37
the ages of birth and 5 years, 137 more between the ages of 6 and 13 years, and
ninety more between the ages of 14 and 21 years. The decrease in the number of
children under 5 months of age was due to the number of infants placed for adoption
from hospital.
Eight of the children in the care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare died
during the year. Four of these children were wards, three were before the Court
awaiting committal, and one was in non-ward care. The death of four of the
children was caused by illness and of four by accidental causes. The death of a
child-in-care causes grief, not only to the parent if there is an interested parent, but
also to the social worker, and especially to the foster-parent, who has had the
responsibility for the child and given care and love. Good medical care is available
to all children-in-care through the Department of Social Welfare's agreement with
the medical association.
COST OF MAINTENANCE
Of the 3,016 children in the care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare as at
March 31st, 1961, 2,209 were living in Department of Social Welfare area in paid
foster homes and 518 were living in free homes, free institutions, adoption probation
homes, or were partially self-supporting. Of the remaining 289 children, 190 were
being cared for by one of the three Children's Aid Societies in this Province and
ninety-nine were being cared for by the public welfare departments of other
Provinces.
The cost to the Provincial Government of maintaining children for the fiscal
year was as follows:—
Table IV.—Cost of Maintaining Children
Gross cost of maintenance of children in Child Welfare
Division foster homes  $1,485,566.42
Gross cost to Provincial Government of maintenance of
children in care of Children's Aid Societies     1,832,445.09
Gross cost of transportation of children in care of Superintendent  20,581.90
Gross cost of hospitalization of new-born infants being
permanently planned for by Superintendent  24,932.75
Grants to sundry homes  1,100.00
Gross expenditure  $3,364,626.16
Less collections        647,601.33
Net  cost  to   Provincial   Government   as   per
Public Accounts  $2,717,024.83
PROTECTION OF CHILDREN ACT
Admissions to Care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare and the
Three Children's Aid Societies
During the fiscal year it was necessary for the Superintendent of Child Welfare
and the three Children's Aid Societies to admit 2,375 children to care; 1,393 of
these children were admitted to care by the Superintendent of Child Welfare and
982 by the three Children's Aid Societies. Of the 2,375 children, 1,017 were
admitted as non-wards, while 1,070 were apprehended under the Protection of
Children Act, sixty-three were committed under the Juvenile Delinquents Act, and
 L 38
BRITISH COLUMBIA
225 were wards of other agencies or Provinces. Three hundred and fifty more
children were admitted to care than in the previous year, and of these, 268 were
admitted to the care of the Superintendent of Child Welfare and eighty-two to the
care of the three Children's Aid Societies. Of the 695 children apprehended by
the Superintendent of Child Welfare, 196 remained before the Court at the end of
the year as incomplete hearings.  This is an increase of eighty-nine over last year.
Table V.—Status of Children Admitted to Care of the Superintendent of
Child Welfare during the Fiscal Year 1960/61
Status Number
Non-ward   517
Apprehended under Protection of Children Act  695
Ward under Juvenile Delinquents Act  50
Children's Aid Societies' non-ward, ward before Court  94
Ward of other Province  37
Total number admitted  1,393
Discharge of Children from the Care of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare and Three Children's Aid Societies
Two thousand and sixty-four children were discharged from care by the
Superintendent of Child Welfare and the three Children's Aid Societies during the
fiscal year; 1,080 children were discharged from the care of the Superintendent of
Child Welfare, seventy-two more than the previous year, and 984 from the care of
the Children's Aid Societies, ninety-four more than the previous year.
Table VI.—Status of Children Discharged from Care of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare during the Fiscal Year 1960/61 and Reasons for Discharge
Reason for Discharge
P.C.A.
Wards
J.D.A.
Wards
Hungarian
Wards
B/C
P.C.A.
Not
Presented
Other
Agency
Wards
O.P.
Wards
Non-
wards
Total
Twenty-one years of age. -       ..
47
29
4
126
62
7
5
25
5
	
3
1
93
78
55
13
1
14
31
10
6
2
1
2
li
2
3
1
369
67
75
31
8
369
67
Adoption order granted	
Returned to other agency 	
143
31
18
99
Complaint withdrawn 	
Order  under  sec.   8   (5)   (a),   (6),
Protection of Children Act (return
99
78
Not presented  	
Guardianship   transferred   to   Chil-
55
7
Totals    -
275
30
5
175
55
75
25
440
1,080
The reasons for the discharge of the 275 wards of the Superintendent of Child
Welfare were similar to the previous year. However, there was a significant increase
in the number of complaints withdrawn under section 8, subsection (4), of the
Protection of Children Act and the number of orders made under section 8, subsection (6) (a) and (b), returning the children to their parents' care under supervision or without supervision, depending upon the order of the Court.   The reason
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 39
for this increase is not certain, but it may be due to an increasing use by the social
worker of the authority of the Court in those cases where an authoritative approach
can be helpful to the parents in realizing and accepting their responsibility as parents.
Services Related to Protection of Children
As will be seen in Table VII, 790 Supreme Court custody, repatriation, immigration, legitimation, and sundry cases were worked on during the year. This is
an increase of sixty-three over last year. The sundry cases are those concerned
with interprovincial and international problems relating to families and children.
They include letters of inquiry and comment concerning the many facets of a child
welfare programme which are not specifically related to legislation.
Table VII.—Cases Receiving Services Related to Protection of Children
Type of Service
New
Total Cases Carried
Incomplete as at Mar. 31,
1961
1960
1961
1960
1961
1960
1961
59
88
86
11
359
85
98
61
7
341
84
97
107
14
425
110
105
91
11
473
25
7
30
4
134
39
20
Immigration	
Legitimation 	
16
1
171
Totals 	
603
592
727
790
200          |          247
1
CHILDREN OF UNMARRIED PARENTS ACT
A total of 1,622 unmarried mothers was helped to plan for themselves and
their babies during the year by the three Children's Aid Societies and the Department of Social Welfare. One thousand three hundred and ninety-one mothers were
served by the Children's Aid Societies and 231 by the Department of Social Welfare. This is a decrease of twenty-eight served by the Children's Aid Societies and
an increase of eight by the Department of Social Welfare. Many unmarried mothers
go to Vancouver from other parts of this Province and from other Provinces for
their confinement. The Vancouver Children's Aid Society alone served 987 unmarried mothers during the year. This strains the resources of the Children's Aid
Societies and the maternity homes in Vancouver. It is hoped that, in the future,
means will be found to provide placement resources for unmarried mothers near
the areas where they live so they will not feel they must go to the large metropolitan
areas to have their baby.
A total of $83,368.61 was paid to the Superintendent of Child Welfare on
affiliation orders, agreements, and settlements made under the Children of Unmarried Parents Act. This is an increase of $6,966.88 over the amount paid in the
previous year. Thirty-three new affiliation orders and sixty-three new agreements
were made under the Children of Unmarried Parents Act during the year.
As Table VIII shows, there was a total of 2,610 babies born out of wedlock
during the fiscal year. This represents an increase of 138 in the number of children born out of wedlock; that is approximately 5 per cent over the previous year.
Of the 138 babies, forty-six were Indian and ninety-two non-Indian. This is not
an alarming increase when looked at in relation to the increase in total population
in the Province. However, it is of concern to note that twenty-seven of the total
2,610 unmarried mothers were under 15 years of age and 819 under 20 years of
age.   The importance of making a casework service available to these young girls
 L 40
BRITISH COLUMBIA
cannot be stressed too strongly. The help they receive for themselves and in planning for their child can and will affect their whole future lives and the lives of the
other children they may have when they marry.
Table VIII.—Children Born Out of Wedlock in British Columbia
during the Fiscal Year 1960/61
Totals
Age-group of Mother
Under 15
15-19
20-24
25-29
30-39
40 Years
Fiscal Year
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
and Over
Total
a
a
I   §
c
c
a
a
■a
•0
*3
■o
■a
TD
c
c
c
a
c
c
a
a
s
a
c
0
a
5
XI
a
TJ
a
T3
a
•o
e
T3
a
T)
C
T3
a
Z
Z
Z
55
7
Z
z
1958/59 	
422
2,042
4
17
111
608
144
586
96
371
72
405
15
55
2,484
1959/60  	
460
2,012
4
23
129
610
147
581
83
337
87
404
10
57
2,472
1960/61   	
506
2,104
5
22
148
644
140
641
96
349
102
396
15
52   2,610
1
ADOPTION ACT
Children Placed for Adoption
As will be seen by Table IX, a total of 899 children was placed for adoption
by the three Children's Aid Societies and the field staff of the Department of Social
Welfare during this fiscal year. This is an increase of seventeen children placed
over last year. In placing 556 children, the Department of Social Welfare placed
sixty-nine more children than last year. Table X shows the adoption placements
by Department of Social Welfare regions according to the type of placement made.
Table IX.—Number of Children Placed by Children's Aid Societies
and Department of Social Welfare
Victoria Children's Aid Society
66
Catholic Children's Aid Society     62
Vancouver Children's Aid Society  215
Department of Social Welfare
Total
343
556
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 41
Table X.—Department of Social Welfare Adoption Placements by Region
According to Type of Placement
Type
Regioni
Long
Term2
Straight
Foster
Home to
Adoption
Home
Total
I          	
3
1
2
2
-
1
82        |        10
163         1          9
95
II _..	
173
Ill   	
68
39
43
82
13
1
7
6
6
3
9
7
76
TV 	
45
V          	
46
VI        	
93
VII 	
20
Vancouver Children's Aid Society    ....
1
Outside Province 	
7
Totals	
8
498                  50
556
1 Region includes Vancouver Children's Aid Society and outside Province.
2 These are placements of children with health or other problems requiring a longer period of probation.
Source of Referral
Of the 556 children placed by the field staff of the Department of Social
Welfare, 327 children were referred to the Adoption Placement Section in Vancouver by Department of Social Welfare field staff, 211 were referred by Children's Aid
Society of Vancouver, seventeen by the Catholic Children's Aid Society, and one
by the Family and Children's Service in Victoria.
Religious Faith of Homes in Which Children Placed
Four hundred and eighty-three of the 556 children were placed in homes of
the Protestant faith, sixty-nine in homes of the Roman Catholic faith, three in homes
of the Hebrew faith, and one in a home of the Buddhist faith (see Table XI).
Great difficulty continues to be experienced in finding sufficient adoption homes of
the Roman Catholic faith to meet the needs of children of this faith, despite the
efforts of the clergy, women's organizations of the church, the Catholic Children's
Aid Society, and the staff of the Department of Social Welfare. The difficulty is
further compounded by the fact that a high percentage of the native Indian or part-
Indian children admitted to care and awaiting adoption placement are of the Roman
Catholic faith.
Table XI.—Department of Social Welfare Adoption Placements by Region
According to the Religious Faith of the Adopting Parents
Religion
Regioni
Protestant
Roman
Catholic
Hebrew
Buddhist
Total
j
81
152
66
40
40
86
13
-
5
14
19
10
5
6
7
7
....
1
2
z
-
1
1
95
II	
173
Ill             	
76
IV     	
V      _	
VI	
45
46
93
VII       -         	
20
1
Outside Province ..   ._     	
7
Totals
*V1
69         |          3
1
556
1 Region includes Vancouver Children's Aid Society and outside Province.
6
 L 42 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Ages of Children Placed
As shown in Table XII, more than half of the 556 children placed was under
1 month of age. Because it is imperative for an infant to have consistent and individual mothering, placement from hospital or shortly thereafter is in fine with the
best child welfare practice and places emphasis on meeting the needs of the infant
adequately and promptly. Since adoption homes are located in all parts of British
Columbia and infants available for adoption may also be anywhere in the Province,
the placement of a 10-day-old infant direct from hospital with his adopting parents,
who may live 700 miles away, requires careful planning. The fact that 200 infants
were less than 15 days old when placed is indicative of the keen response and active
interest of the field staff in the adoption programme of the Department.
Of equal interest is the number of older children who were placed on adoption
probation. One hundred and three children between the ages of 1 and 20 years
were placed, but of this number, fifty children, including eleven family groups of
two children each, had been in the same foster home for some time. These children
were well loved and cherished by their foster-parents, and the adoption of these
children by their foster-parents assured permanency of this relationship.
Contrary to popular belief, there are extremely few older single children of
white origin, particularly little girls, available for adoption. This applies equally
to children of the Protestant and Roman Catholic faith. Of the fifty-three older
children available last year for placement, seventeen were members of a family
group (seven families of two children each and one family of three children). Ten
were of inter-racial origin. One was of full Japanese racial heritage. Two were
white children of the Roman Catholic faith, one male and female; the former, aged
3, was hyperactive and quite upset by several moves whilst with his mother, and
the latter, a little girl aged 1 year, had health problems. There were twenty-three
older children of the Protestant faith, fourteen male and nine female. With two
exceptions, these children had health problems, such as allergies, heart murmurs,
familial eye conditions, or suffered from severe emotional disturbances. It was not
easy to find suitable homes for these children, although there are many adopting
parents eager to have older children.
Table XII.—Ages of Children Placed for Adoption by Department
of Social Welfare during the Fiscal Year 1960/61
Number of
Children
Birth to 15 days  200
15 days to 1 month  96
1 to 2 months  81
3 to 5 months  45
6 to 11 months  31
1 year  25
2 years   14
... 3 years   15
4 years  11
5 years   9
6 years   12
7 years   6
8 years   3
9 years   1
10 years        2
11 years        1
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
Table XII.—Ages of Children Placed for Adoption by Department of
Social Welfare during the Fiscal Year 1960/61—Continued
L 43
Male, 304; female, 252.
Inter-racial Origin of Children Placed
The children of inter-racial heritage merits our special attention, for if he is
not placed at an early age, he may never find the security and permanency of adoption. Homes were found this past year for forty-six children of inter-racial background.
Table XIII,
-Children of Inter-racial Origin Placed for Adoption by Department
of Social Welfare during the Fiscal Year 1960/61
Male
Female
Total
13
2
2
2
1
1
19
2
1
1
1
1
32
4
3
2
2
2
1
Totals                       	
21
25
46
The placements of the part-Oriental children are of special interest since the
two children of Japanese and white racial origin were placed with Japanese adopting
parents. The two Chinese and white children were placed with adopting parents of
white racial origin.
In addition to the forty-six children of inter-racial origin placed, six full
Oriental children and four full native Indian children were placed in adopting homes.
Two Chinese infants were placed with Chinese adopting parents, three Japanese
infants with Japanese adopting parents, and one Japanese child with a family of
Chinese.
Three full native Indian children were placed with native Indian adopting
parents and one with adopting parents of the white race.
Adoption Placements Outside of British Columbia
Seven children were placed for adoption outside of the Province during the
year. All of the children were of inter-racial origin and one was of the Roman
Catholic faith.
Family Groups Placed
Reference has already been made to the placement of family groups, a total
of nineteen families involving thirty-nine children.   In addition, five family groups,
 L 44
BRITISH COLUMBIA
a total of thirteen children, were placed on a paid foster-home basis with a view to
adoption in the future. Four sets of twins were also placed, three in Protestant
homes and one in a Roman Catholic home.
Adoptions Completed
One thousand four hundred and sixteen adoption orders were granted in the
British Columbia Supreme Court during the year, an increase of fifty-eight over the
number granted in the previous year (see Table XIV). In addition, the Division
worked with thirty-four proceedings taken in jurisdictions elsewhere involving children placed in British Columbia whose adopting parents subsequently moved from
the Province before the proceedings were completed in this Province.
There was a further small decrease in the number of children placed privately
for adoption and for whom orders were granted. One hundred and twenty-five such
orders were granted in the preceding fiscal year and 120 this year.
The number of stepparent and other relative adoption orders increased by
forty-nine this year.
Table XIV,—-Legally Completed Adoptions throughout the Province
According to Type of Placement during the Fiscal Year 1960/61
Type of Placement
Agency Relative Private
Total
Region I	
Region II —
Region Ill-
Region IV-
Region V_
Region VI	
Region VII	
Sub-totals	
Vancouver Children's Aid Society-
Catholic Children's Aid Society	
Victoria Children's Aid Society	
Sub-totals	
Grand totalS-
82
170
82
30
43
69
24
500
207
49
82
338
838
44
106
39
15
35
59
18
9
32
6
5
8
13
6
316
79
78
33
14
2
50
6
142
458
120
135
308
127
50
86
141
 48_
_89C
318
65
 138_
__521
1,416~
The Adoption Act was amended during the last sitting of the Legislature to
further protect confidentiality in the interest of the child and to provide that adoption orders granted in any other country shall have the same effect as an order
granted in this Province.
FAMILY ALLOWANCES
A total of $80,687.61 was received from the Family Allowances Division during the calendar year January 1st, 1960, to December 31st, 1960. Disbursements
were as follows:—
Table XV.—Family Allowances Disbursements
Balance on hand as at January 1st, 1960  $66,522.31
Receipts for the period January  1st,  1960, to December
31st, 1960   80,687.71
Expenditures for the above period  66,297.15
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 45
Table XV,—Family Allowances Disbursements—Continued
Disbursements—
Foster-parents   $39,021.00
Adopting parents   4,132.99
Natural parents  6,532.33
Transferred to Children's Aid Societies  1,562.37
Refunds to Family Allowances Branch  310.00
Recreational equipment, etc.   8,724.61
Paid to children on discharge  2,763.24
Educational 	
Gifts 	
Special clothing .
Other Provinces
Miscellaneous ._..
265.27
90.41
475.27
1,444.45
975.21
$66,297.15
Balance on hand as at December 31st, 1960  $80,912.87
Number of children involved in the accumulated balance, 2,177.
In conclusion this report I wish to take the opportunity of expressing my sincere thanks to all those with whom I have worked during the past year; their helpfulness has been greatly appreciated.
 L 46
BRITISH COLUMBIA
MEDICAL SERVICES DIVISION
G. Wakefield, M.D., Director
During the past four years this Division has endeavoured to emphasize its
function as a consultative resource to the field. As a consultant, our services have
also increased with regard to other divisions, particularly Child Welfare. This has
been most educational for me and, I believe, also helpful to their staff. I think
the same could be said for the Disabled Persons' Allowance Board. The revision
of the Health Services Section as part of the general revision of the Policy Manual,
I believe, has resulted in a more definite guide for the social worker. We have
tried to indicate to the field the need to accept responsibility, along with that of
increased authority to provide health services to our clients. Our continually increasing costs are evident of both this decentralization of authority and also of an
actual extension of benefits.
Table I.—Gross Costs for Fiscal Years 1956/57 to 1960/61
Year
Medical
Drugs1
Dental
Optical
Transportation
Other
Total
1956/57-
1957/58..
1958/59-
1959/60-
1960/61-
$1,486,400.99
1,503,964.91
1,587,997.03
1,766,536.60
2,120,498.73
$961,405.50
1,106,153.01
1,281,107.27
1,492,138.17
1,822,178.49
$129,267.56
148,223.72
168,051.06
279,550.08
508,392.25
$50,565.61
55,440.66
57,050.37
79,632.04
93,874.45
$23,359.27
25,763.04
41,329.60
57,297.87
97,832.33
$14,421.86
16,983.77
21,374.78
22,451.43
30,329.72
$2,665,420.79
2,856,529.11
3,156,910.11
3,697,606.19
4,673,105.97
1 Not included in these figures is the cost of drugs purchased by the dispensary for welfare institutions.
Table II—Payments to British Columbia Doctors (Gross Costs)
Fiscal Year
Medical
Agreement
Immigrant
Other
Total
1956/57-
1957/58-
1958/59-
1959/60-
1960/61-
$1,479,661.21
1,492,741.27
1,580,815.44
1,759,646.67
2,114,033.44
$1,836.78
6,951.51
1,330.62
565.00
226.00
$4,903.00
4,272.13
5,850.97
6,324.93
6,239.29
$1,486,400.99
1,503,964.91
1,587,997.03
1,766,536.60
2,120,498.73
Table III.—Categorical Breakdown of Medical Coverage with Average
Numbers of Recipients
Fiscal Year
Social
Allowance1
Child
Welfare
Division
O.A.S. Supplementary Social
Allowance and
Blind
Old-age
Assistance
Disabled
Persons'
Allowance
Total Average
Monthly
Coverage
1956/57-
1957/58-
1958/59-
1959/60-
1960/61..
18,165
18,363
19,914
25,362
33,751
3,303
3,546
3,814
3,998
4,194
36,240
36,440
36,191
35,860
35,772
7,739
7,195
7,150
7,410
7,216
974
1,221
1,516
1,785
1,999
66,421
66,765
68,585
74,415
82,932
1 Until August 31st, 1958, there was a Mothers' Allowance case load, but effective September 1st, 1958,
these cases became Social Allowance cases. So that figures from 1958/59 will be comparable with previous
years, Mothers' Allowance and Social Allowance recipients have been combined in this statement under the
heading " Social Allowance."
Concerning doctors' services to social assistance recipients, the annual per
capita fee was increased April 1st, 1960, and this raised the percentage paid to
physicians of their assessed accounts.   The average total number of persons eligible
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 47
under the Social Assistance Medical Service Agreement did increase some 11 per
cent during the fiscal year.
Table IV.—Drug Costs
Number of Prescriptions
Costs of Medicines
Fiscal Year
Provincial
Pharmacy
Drug-stores      Total
Provincial
Pharmacy1
Drug-stores
Total
1956/57 	
1957/58    -	
1958/59     	
19,572
23,487
30,140
41,585
43,437
398,355
458,002
534,352
567,222
621,973
417,927
.   481,489
564,492
608,807
665,410
$88,259.99
113,841.90
137,255.34
184,437.87
189,620.86
$873,145.51
992,311.11
I    1,143,851.93
1,307,700.30
1,632,557.63
$961,405.50
1,106,153.01
1,281,107.27
1959/60	
1,492,138.17
1960/61 -	
1,822,178.49
1 Not included in these figures is the cost of drugs purchased by the dispensary for welfare institutions.
As for drugs, costs go up and we still do not have any method for controlling
possible unnecessary prescribing. As indicated before, physician co-operation is
the only answer, and the profession is becoming increasingly concerned with this
problem. In the fiscal year 1959/60, about Wi million dollars was paid to private
pharmacies. This sum included certain non-drug items, such as appliances, dressings, etc.
Table V.—Dental Expenses
Fiscal Year
Prophylaxis
Extractions
Dentures
Total
1956/57-  - -- .      ....    .
$24,996.66
28,430.52
34,115.73
76,740.07
199,686.63
$7,596.04
9,589.80
12,138.92
26,115.00
65,078.39
$96,674.86
110,203.40
121,796.41
176,695.01
243,627.23
$129,267.56
1957/58      ....
148,223.72
1958/59   	
168,051.06
1959/60     ....
279,550.08
1960/61. -   - -	
508,392.25
The dental service programme continued to expand, as is evident by last year's
expenditures. I commented in last year's report regarding some of the reasons for
this, and, with the M.S.D. 12 dental form in use since February 1st, 1960, we
expected a further rise in costs. As many dental accounts are not submitted too
promptly and there was a period of observation needed to see how the form was
being used, we did not have a proper survey of dental services set up for some time.
However, since the beginning of August, 1960, our tabulations have been sent each
month to the Departmental statistician. At present I think the results of the first
eight months of this survey indicate the tremendous backlog of dental treatment
required by the average welfare patient. No doubt such could be said for the public
in general. It will be of interest to see if the succeeding eight months show some
levelling of this service.
Table VI.—Optical Costs
Fiscal Year
Optometric
Examinations
Glasses
Total
1956/57...     	
$9,213.65
9,896.45
9,735.50
15,589.00
19,252.95
$41,351.96
45,544.21
47,314.87
64,043.04
74,621.50
$50,565.61
1957/58 	
1958/59-	
1959/60  .	
55,440.66
57,050.37
79,632.04
1960/61 	
93,874.45
 L 48 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Optical costs have shown another significant increase, as have other ancillary
services, such as transportation and physiotherapy.
During the fiscal year we were directly involved with 219 persons being brought
to Vancouver for special medical treatment or consultation. As in the past, the time
required to arrange for such care and (or) accommodation comprised a significant
part of our daily work, especially that of the Medical Social Work Consultant.
In conclusion, I would express my appreciation of the enthusiastic assistance
from the many persons in the various offices of the Department. They have always
been so willing to discuss ways to improve health services to our clients. Sincere
thanks are also due to the various medical associations, hospitals, and other agencies,
all of whom have been so co-operative. We have good relations with them, and
they have often met us more than half-way.
As for the staff of the Medical Services Division, their loyalty and interest has
always been so evident. Also, I express my appreciation of the work being done
by our pharmacy staff. Perhaps the recommendations to be discussed by the
Drug Advisory Committee will assist in the future work of this staff.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 49
OLD-AGE ASSISTANCE, BLIND PERSONS' ALLOWANCES, DISABLED
PERSONS' ALLOWANCES, AND SUPPLEMENTARY ASSISTANCE
E. W. Berry, Chairman
GENERAL
The Old-age Assistance Board is a division of the Department of Social Welfare. The Board consists of three members appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council. These same three members also comprise the Blind Persons' Allowances
Board and the Disabled Persons' Allowances Board. The Boards are charged with
the administration of the respective Federal and Provincial Acts and regulations,
including the consideration of applications and the payment of assistance. The
Boards also consider applications for supplementary assistance and health services,
and grant these additional Provincial benefits where applicable.
During the last fiscal year the administration felt no appreciable effects in
consequence of changes in the regulations under the three Federal Acts which were
effective luly 1st, 1960. The amendments were agreed to previously by all Provinces and, briefly, permitted
(a) a recipient to be absent from Canada for 153 days in any year;
(b) a calculation of income in respect of excess personal property on a sixty-
month basis for Old-age Assistance purposes;
(c) the balance owing to an applicant on a mortgage or agreement for sale to
be offset by the balance owed by him in respect of any mortgage or agreement for sale against his home;
(d) other changes of a minor nature which clarified and standardized the interpretation of the regulations.
The work of the intake section attached to the Board increased as a result of
a change whereby any person in the Vancouver area may apply direct to the Board
office for Old-age Assistance, Blind or Disabled Allowance whether or not he is in
receipt of Social Allowance. Formerly a Social Allowance recipient applied to the
city social service department. This additional work was undertaken without the
necessity of an increase in staff.
Increased activity during the latter half of the year resulted from the processing
of the great number of investigation reports received from a Province-wide survey
which was undertaken with respect to recipients of supplementary assistance. A survey into the actual need of the recipient was carried out under the direction of the
Board and required the services of several interviewers, who were given a short
period of instruction at the Board office and at the Training Division prior to their
entry into the field. No statistical data are available at this date as the survey is still
in progress. The effects of the survey are being felt throughout the Department
and likely will continue to be felt in the future as more frequent assessments are
made and the budget deficit approach or need concept is applied to the payment of
supplementary Social Allowance.
GRAPHIC PRESENTATIONS
The four graphic presentations on the following pages cover separately the
various aspects of the administration of Old-age Assistance and Disabled Persons'
Allowance and the Provincial supplementary assistance to recipients over 70 years
of age, from April 1st, 1951, to March 31st, 1961. No graph is shown for Blind
Persons' Allowance since the total case load is relatively small.
 L 50 BRITISH COLUMBIA
The two graphic presentations for Old-age Assistance, a line graph and a bar
graph, show the trends for this type of assistance. Details concerning these graphs
were given in previous Annual Reports. No significant change has occurred in the
present fiscal year.
The bar graph for Disabled Persons' Allowance shows a gradual build-up in
the total case load and is the result of more cases being granted and reinstated than
there are cases deleted because of death or suspension. Since the inception of the
Act in April, 1955, 3,532 have applied, 2,010 are presently in receipt of the allowance, and over 600 have died or were suspended. The balance were not considered
eligible for the allowance for one reason or another.
The fourth graphic presentation, a line graph, covers the highlights of supplementary assistance to the Old Age Security group. It begins with the fiscal year
that the Old Age Pension Act was last in effect and covers the subsequent ten-year
period. The total case load of supplementary assistance to this group dropped about
5,000 cases on January 1st, 1952. This decrease in case load is explained by the fact
that supplementary assistance (formerly cost-of-living bonus) was previously paid
on a flat rate of $10 to any recipient of Old Age Pension even though he may have
been entitled because of other income to only a small portion of the pension. On
January 1st, 1952, all former Old Age Pension cases were transferred to Old Age
Security, payable without a means test. Any recipient at time of transfer whose
income including Old Age Security was over the maximum allowable for supplementary assistance did not continue to receive supplementary assistance. Hence the
decrease in case load.
The sharp increases in the total cost curve from 1954 onward result from the
various increases in the maximum monthly rate of supplementary assistance payable.
The rate increased from $10 to $15 in April, 1954; to $20 in April, 1956; and then
in April, 1960, an additional 20 per cent was added to the recipient's entitlement.
The maximum allowable annual incomes were also increased in each instance to
absorb the increase in the rate paid, and consequently more people were able to
qualify under the higher ceiling. These rate increases are reflected also in the curve
for the monthly average rate of supplementary assistance.
The number of new applications for supplementary assistance from recipients
of Old Age Security and the number of Old-age Assistance cases who transfer yearly
to Old Age Security and continue to receive the supplementary assistance have
levelled off to around 1,800 cases each.
The total case load should therefore reflect a gradual build-up. This is not the
case, however, and it will be noted that in this older age-group the total case-load
curve shows instead a gradual slope downward for the past three years or, in other
words, the number of cases being added each year for one reason or another is
somewhat less than the number being deleted because of death or suspension.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 51
r       OLD-AGE ASSISTANCE
i <                          BRITISH COLUMBIA
1    . I                  JANUARY  1,  1952, TO MARCH  31,  1961
T\\   IztllTJZ*
	
., JJ0.00O units per square
300 unils per square
300 units per square
>          300 units per square
300 units per square
Number of OW-aft Assignee
i-^-ink-nis tronsfcrred to Old Acs Security    ,..
	
U   :
i
.^ •*'
\
„..
y
i r_
—
•***
~
—
\
A
/
s
/
V
..
ft
L —
****
fcw.'^
sss
—■
-e»«5,^.»
S«0
rf.„,ii.
—
■-
 ..
-.v
*^r
l'
j   s    I
s     1     a     iS     s
Old-age Assistance
8,000-
7,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000 -
2,000
1,000
Number on the payroll.
Number of applications.
] Number granted assistance.
Number rejected.
1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959
Fiscal year ending March 31st of each year.
1960 1961
 L 52
BRITISH COLUMBIA
2,000 -
1,750 _
1,500 -
1,250
1,000
750 _
500
250
Disabled Persons' Allowance
Number on payroll.
Number of applications.
Number granted allowance.
Number rejected.
1956 1957 1958 1959
Fiscal year ending March 31st of each year.
1960
1961
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 53
70
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
supplementary assistance for old age security pensioners
British Columbia
Cost
Total case load
New applications
Transfers to Old Age Security from Old-age Assistance
Monthly average of supplementary Social Allowance
.100,000 per unit
m 1,000 per unit
_ 100 per unit
-. 100 per unit
..  $1.00 per unit
•-..v
.'-—.
.--..,
^—=^r
9
I
\
I
7
X
"75
=5s„
^k|*JLV|QJ**
/
0\    0\
A s
 L 54 BRITISH COLUMBIA
STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 3 1st, 1961
Old-age Assistance
Table I.—Disposition of Applications
New applications received  2,327
Applications granted  2,1261
Applications not granted (refused, withdrawn, etc.)       331
1 Includes some left over from previous year.
Table II.—Miscellaneous
(a) British Columbia recipients—
Returned to British Columbia  22
Reinstated   142
Suspended   261
Deaths   297
Transferred to other Provinces  35
Transferred to Old Age Security  1,767
Total number on payroll at end of fiscal year  7,169
(b) Other-Province recipients—
New transfers to British Columbia  102
Transferred to British Columbia  11
Reinstated   4
Suspended   7
Deaths     	
Transferred out of British Columbia  64
Transferred to Old Age Security  49
(c) Total number of British Columbia and other-Province recipients on payroll at end of fiscal year  7,322
Table III.—Reasons Why Applications Not Granted
Number Per Cent
Not of age       51 15.4
Unable to prove age      	
Not sufficient residence          4 1.2
Income in excess      159 48.0
Unable to prove residence          1 0.3
Transfer of property      	
Receiving War Veterans'Allowance          4 1.2
Information refused        21 6.3
Application withdrawn        58 17.5
Applicants died before grant        15 4.5
Whereabouts unknown          9 2.7
Eligible for Old Age Security          8 2.4
Assistance from private sources      	
Receiving Old Age Security
Miscellaneous   1 0.3
Totals       331 100-0
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 55
Table IV.—Sex of New Recipients
Male
Number
963
Female   1,163
Totals   2,126
Table V.—Marital Status of New Recipients
Per Cent
45.3
54.7
100.0
Married
Number
939
Per Cent
44.2
Single                      -        -   -
309
14.5
Widows                  -.   -
433
20.4
Widowers
116
5.5
Separated   	
      271
12.7
Divorced            .     .   _
58
2.7
  2,126
Totals 	
100.0
Table VI.—Birthplace of New Recipients
Number Per Cent
British Columbia       217 10.2
Other parts of Canada      477 22.4
British Isles       446 21.0
Other parts of British Commonwealth          9 0-4
United States of America      244 11.5
Other foreign countries      733 34.5
Totals   2,126 100.0
Table VII.—Ages at Granting of Assistance
Number
Age 65   1,115
Age 66   330
Age 67  255
Age 68   237
Age 69 __                                                               ____ 189
Per Cent
52.4
15.5
12.0
11.1
8.9
 L 56 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table VIII.—Ages of Recipients at Death
Age 65 _   -
Number
               16
Per Cent
5.4
Age 66                                    .   - _
43
14.5
Age 67 	
        49
16.5
Age 68                                       	
65
21.9
Age 69                       	
                  124
41-8
Totals                        	
297
100.0
Table IX.—With Whom New Recipients Live
Number Per Cent
Living alone      685 32.2
Living with spouse       863 40.6
Living with spouse and children        76 3.6
Living with children      262 12.3
Living with other relatives        80 3.8
Living with others      160 7.5
Totals   2,126 100.0
Table X.—Where New Recipients Are Living
Number Per Cent
In own home      918 43.2
In rented house      225 10.6
In children's home       290 13.6
In home of other relatives        61 2.9
Boarding        32 1.5
In housekeeping room      273 12.8
In single room (eating out)         67 3-2
In rented suite       176 8.3
In public institutions        59 2.8
In private institutions        25 1.2
Totals   2,126 100.0
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61
Table XI.—Economic Status of New Recipients
(a) Holding real property of value
$0 	
$1 to $250 	
$251 to $500 	
$501 to $750	
$751 to $1,000	
$1,001 to $1,500	
$1,501 to $2,000	
$2,001 and up 	
L 57
Number
Per Cent
1,126
53.0
83
3.9
33
1.6
42
2.0
78
3.7
186
8.7
224
10.5
354
16.7
Totals
2,126
100.0
(b) Holding personal property of value—
$0 	
$1 to $250 	
$251 to $500	
$501 to $750 	
$751 to $ 1,000      103
$1,001 to $1,500      127
$1,501 to $2,000	
$2,001 and up	
904
42.5
538
25.3
188
8-8
107
5.0
103
4.8
127
6.0
65
3.1
94
4.4
Totals   2,126
100.0
Table XII.—Number of Recipients Living in Other Provinces as at March 31st,
1961, Whose Assistance Is Paid by British Columbia
Granted by
British
Columbia
Granted by
Other
Provinces
Alberta   —_   	
  20
16
9
7
16
2
Saskatchewan 	
     9
Manitoba -   	
     9
Ontario -           -
     5
Quebec _ „    	
     2
New Brunswick	
     1
Nova Scotia     	
     2
2
Yukon Territory	
Totals 	
     1
  49
52
=
=
 L 58 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table XIII.—Distribution of British Columbia Recipients According to the Amount
of Assistance Received (Basic Assistance $55)
Amount of Assistance
$55  	
Per Cent
         80.2
$50 to $54.99	
4.6
$45 to $49.99        	
—-   _                             3.2
$40 to $44.99                	
2.6
$35 to $39.99          -       	
2-1
$30 to $34.99    	
__                - '                1.8
$25 to $29.99 -
1.5
$20 to $24.99 	
                  1.3
Less than $19.99    	
'                                  2.8
Total        	
.                                 100.0
Blind Persons' Allowances
Table I.—Disposition of Applications
New applications received   71
Applications granted   60
Applications refused, withdrawn, etc.  11
Table II.—Miscellaneous
(a) British Columbia recipients—
Suspended  10
Reinstated   5
Transferred to other Provinces  __
Returned to British Columbia  1
Transferred to Old Age Security  20
Deaths   16
(b) Other-Province recipients—
New transfers to British Columbia  10
Retransferred to British Columbia  4
Reinstated   1
Transferred out of British Columbia or suspended  3
Deaths   1
Transfers to Old Age Security  1
Suspended   2
(c) Total on payroll at end of fiscal year—
British Columbia  531
Other Province     37
  568
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 59
Tabid III.—Reasons Why Applications Not Granted
Not blind within the meaning of the Act	
Number
     4
Per Cent
36.4
Income in excess                                         -
     3
27.3
Applications withdrawn _                           	
     2
18.2
Died before grant                                   	
     1
9.1
War Veterans' Allowance	
Information refused -                                   .
__    1
9.1
Whereabouts unknown        _    	
  11
Totals                  	
100.0
Table IV.—Sex of New Recipients
Male
Female
Number
  35
Per Cent
58.3
e        -    	
  25
41.7
  60
Totals	
100.0
Table V.—Marital Status of New Recipients
Married 	
Number
  25
Per Cent
41.7
Single 	
  25
41.7
Widows - __        	
     5
8.3
Separated 	
     3
5.0
Divorced      ■
     2
3.3
  60
Totals	
100.0
Table VI.—Birthplace of New Recipients
Number Per Cent
British Columbia  30 50.0
Other parts of Canada  12 20.0
British Isles     4 6.7
United States of America     2 3.3
Other foreign countries  10 16.7
Other parts of British Commonwealth     2 3.3
Totals.
60
100.0
 L 60 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table VII.—Ages at Granting of Allowance
Age 18 	
Number
5
Per Cent
8.3
Ages 19 to 21 	
         4
6.7
Ages 22 to 30
5
8.3
Ages 31 to 40      	
6
10.0
Ages 41 to 50	
           11
18.3
Ages 51 to 60     	
12
20.0
Ages 61 to 69 _     	
            17
28.3
  60
Totals	
100.0
Table VIII.—Ages of Recipients at Death
Number Per Cent
Ages 21 to 30  	
Ages 31 to 40     1 5.9
Ages 41 to 50     2 11.8
Ages 51 to 60     4 23.5
Ages 61 to 69   10 58.8
Totals  17 100.0
Table IX.—With Whom New Recipients Live
Number Per Cent
Living with parents  12 20.0
Living alone      8 13.3
Living with spouse  23 38.3
Living with spouse and children     2 3.3
Living with children     5 8.3
Living with other relatives     4 6.7
Living with others      6 10.0
Totals  60 100.0
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 61
Table X.—Where New Recipients Are Living
In parents' home
In own home	
In rented house ..
In rented suite __
Number
.__   11
._. 22
_    5
_    3
In children's home     3
In home of other relatives     2
In housekeeping room	
In public institutions 	
In private institutions	
In single room (eating out)
Boarding	
Totals.
8
3
1
1
1
60
Per Cent
18.3
36.7
8.3
5.0
5.0
3.3
13.3
5.0
1.7
1.7
1.7
100.0
Table XI.—Economic Status of New Recipients
(a)  Holding real property of value—
$0 	
$1 to 250     	
Number
  36
          4
Per Cent
60.0
6.7
$251 to $500	
$501 to $750 __         	
          2
3.3
$751 to $1,000          	
_    1
6
1.7
$1,001 to $1,500
10.0
$1,501 to $2,000            	
2
3.3
$2,001 and up	
     9
15.0
  60
25
Totals              	
100.0
(b) Holding personal property of value—
$0 	
41.7
$1 to $250	
  14
3
23.3
$251 to $500 _
5.0
$501 to $750 _
4
6.7
$751 to $1,000           ...     	
1
1.7
$1,001 to $1,500           	
8
13.3
$1,501 to $2,000	
$2,001 and up	
     5
60
8.3
Totals      	
100.0
 L 62 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table XII.—Number of Recipients Living in Other Provinces as at March
31st, 1961, Whose Allowances Are Paid by This Province
Alberta 	
Granted by
British
Columbia
Granted by
Other
Provinces
1
Saskatchewan ___ „_    	
2
Manitoba    	
       2
Ontario 	
     2
_
New Brunswick	
       1
3
Totals  	
              5
Table XIII.—Distribution of British Columbia Recipients According
to the Amount of Allowances Received (Basic Allowance $55)
Per Cent
$55  90.7
$50 to $54.99  1.7
$45 to $49.99  1.4
$40 to $44.99  1.0
$35 to $39.99  1.4
$30 to $34.99  1.0
$25 to $29.99  0.8
$20 to $24.99  0.2
$ 19.99 and less  1.9
Total  100.0
Disabled Persons' Allowances
Table I.—Disposition of Applications
New applications received  414
Applications granted  298 *
Applications refused, withdrawn, etc.   157
1 Includes some left over from previous year.
Table II.—Miscellaneous
(a) British Columbia recipients—
Suspended   116
Reinstated   57
Transferred to other Provinces  9
Returned to British Columbia  5
Transferred to Old Age Security  7
Deaths   82
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 63
Table II.—Miscellaneous—Continued
(b) Other-Province recipients—
Suspended  6
New transfers to British Columbia  19
Transferred out of British Columbia or suspended  8
Reinstated     	
Deaths     	
Transferred to Old Age Security  1
(c) Total on payroll at end of fiscal year—
British Columbia    1,962
Other Province        55
  2,017
Table III.—Reason Why Applications Not Granted
Number Per Cent
Not 18 years of age  	
Too much income     11 7.0
Refused information        5 3.2
Whereabouts unknown     	
Unable to meet medical test  121 77-1
Mental hospital        4 2.5
Hospital       3 1.9
Nursing home        2 1.3
Application withdrawn        9 5.7
Died before grant        1 0.6
Not sufficient residence       1 0.6
Totals   157 100.0
Table IV.—Primary Causes of Disability on Accepted Cases
Nuiriber Per Cent
Infective and parasitic diseases     13 4.4
Neoplasms         3 1.0
Allergic, endocrine system, metabolic, and nutritional
diseases        6 2.0
Diseases of blood and blood-forming organs       1 0.3
Mental, psychoneurotic, and personality disorders  133 44.6
Diseases of the nervous system and sense organs     79 26.5
Diseases of the circulatory system     20 6.7
Diseases of the respiratory system       7 2.3
Diseases of the digestive system       1 0-3
Diseases of the genito-urinary system  	
Diseases of the skin and cellular tissues       1 0.3
Diseases of the bones and organs of movement     25 8.4
Congenital malformations        7 2.3
Symptoms, senility, and ill-defined conditions    	
Accidents, poisoning, and violence (nature of injury)__      2 0.7
Totals  ,  298 100.0
 L 64 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table V.—Sex of New Recipients
Male 	
Number
161
Per Cent
54.0
Female
  137
46.0
Totals 	
298
100.0
Table VI.—Marital Status of New Recipients
Married       	
Number
     44
Per Cent
14.8
Single           -   _ _ _   	
  206
69.1
Widow                _
        12
4.0
Widower       	
       6
2.0
Separated              -
     21
7.0
Divorced
       9
3.0
  298
Totals 	
100-0
Table VII.—Birthplace of New Recipients
Number Per Cent
British Columbia  120 40.3
Other parts of Canada  108 36.2
British Isles      29 9.7
Other parts of British Empire       2 0.7
United States of America     10 3.4
Other foreign countries      29 9.7
Table VIII.—Ages at Granting of Allowance
Totals   298 100.0
Ages 18 to 19   	
Number
     59
Per Cent
19.8
Ages 20 to 24   	
        27
9.1
Ages 25 to 29   	
     20
6.7
Ages 30 to 34   	
21
7.0
Ages 35 to 39   	
     23
7.7
Ages 40 to 44   	
17
5.7
Ages 45 to 49   	
23
7.7
Ages 50 to 54	
     26
8.7
Ages 55 to 59   	
_ .        47
15.8
Ages 60 to 64	
     35
11.7
Ages 65 to 69   -        •
Ages over 70
  298
Totals	
100.0
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 65
Table IX.—Ages of Recipients at Death
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
Ages
18 to 19
20 to 24
25 to 29
30 to 34
35 to 39
40 to 44
45 to 49
50 to 54
55 to 59
60 to 64
65 to 69
over 70
Number
Per Cent
     3
3.7
     3
3.7
     4
4.9
          3
3.7
     3
3.7
         2
2.4
  12
14.6
  19
  20
23.2
24.4
  13
15.9
  82
lis
100.0
 1	
Table X.—With Whom Recipients Live
Living
Living
Living
Living
Living
Living
Living
with parents,
alone	
with spouse..
with spouse and children.
with children	
with other relatives.
with others	
umber
Per Cent
156
52.3
40
13.4
41
13.8
3
1.0
11
3.7
23
7.7
24
8.1
Totals.
298
100.0
Table XI.—Where New Recipients Are Living
In parents' home	
In own house	
In rented house	
In rented suite	
In children's home	
In home of other relatives..
In housekeeping room	
In boarding home	
In private institutions	
In single room (eating out).
Totals	
Number Per Cent
. 155 52.0
. 33 11.1
. 14 4.7
. 17 5.7
. 10 3.4
. 20 6.7
. 26 8.7
9 3.0
. 11 3.7
3 1.0
. 298 100.0
 L 66 BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table XII.—Economic Status of New Recipients
Number Per Cent
(a) Holding real property of value—
$0  260 87.2
$1 to $250   4 1.3
$251 to $500   1 0.3
$501 to $750   1 0.3
$751 to $1,000   4 1.3
$1,001 to $1,500  12 4.0
$1,501 to $2,000   6 2.0
$2,001 and up  10 3.4
Totals  298 100.0
(b) Holding personal property of value—
$0  212 71.1
$1 to $250  49 16.4
$251 to $500  10 3.4
$501 to $750  4 1.3
$751 to $1,000  3 1.0
$1,001 to $1,500  9 3.0
$1,501 to $2,000 . .  4 1.3
$2,001 and up  7 2.3
Totals  298 100.0
Table XIII.—Number of Recipients Living in Other Provinces as at March 31st,
1961, Whose Allowances Are Paid by This Province
Alberta 	
Granted by
British
Columbia
     6
Granted by
Other
Provinces
4
Saskatchewan                     . 	
     1
4
Manitoba                                ~— -
    .         1
Ontario           " "            	
     2
4
Quebec   -      .....        _     _
     1
1
New Brunswick                      	
Nova Scotia                _
2
Totals	
  11
15
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 67
Table XIV.—Distribution of British Columbia Recipients According to the
Amount of Allowance Received (Basic Allowance, $55)
$55	
$50 to $54.99—
$45 to $49.99....
$40 to $44.99....
$35 to $39.99...
$30 to $34.99...
$25 to $29.99—
$20 to $24.99...
$19.99 and less.
Total.
Per Cent
92.3
2.5
1.5
1.1
0.6
0.7
0.6
0.4
0.4
100.0
Supplementary Social Allowance and Health Services to the Aged,
Blind, and Disabled
New Applications
Number received
Number granted supplementary Social Allowance and health ser
vices
Number granted supplementary Social Allowance only-
Number granted health services only	
Number who died before application was granted	
Number of applications withdrawn	
Number of applicants ineligible	
Number of applications pending	
Total..
1,807
1,104
6
132
40
92
242
191
1,807
General Information
Former old-age pensioners still receiving supplementary Social
Allowance on March 31st, 1961      7,305
Old-age Assistance recipients transferred to Old Age Security
receiving supplementary Social Allowance on March 31st,
1961   10,621
New Old Age Security pensioners receiving supplementary Social
Allowance on March 31st, 1961      7,762
Blind persons in receipt of Old Age Security receiving supplementary Social Allowance on March 31st, 1961        186
Disability pensioners over 70 receiving supplementary Social
Allowance on March 31st, 1961  5
Other-Province cases     1,088
Total number in receipt of B.C. supplementary Social Allowance
as at March 31st, 1961   36,874
 L 68 BRITISH COLUMBIA
MEMBERS OF THE BOARD
The following are the members of the Old-age Assistance Board of the Province of British Columbia:—
Chairman:   Mr. E. W. Berry.
Members:  Mr. J. A. Sadler, Director of Social Welfare; M. H. E. Blanchard,
Administrator, Region II, Department of Social Welfare.
CONCLUSION
In concluding this report the Board wishes to express its sincere appreciation
for the loyal and efficient work of the office and field staffs throughout the year and
for the continued co-operation of other departments of Government and many outside agencies.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 69
PART IV.—INSTITUTIONS
INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR BOYS  (BRANNEN LAKE SCHOOL)
F. G. Hassard, Superintendent
The following table shows the statistics for the Brannen Lake School for the
fiscal years 1951/52 to 1960/61.
Fiscal Year
*n
m
m
ON
"3-
ON
u-i
no
ON
NO
>n
o\
m
r-
vn
On
On
00
ON
o
NO
On
ON
NO
i
ON
104
15
1
104
19
3
101
4
1
2
4
105
17
122
13.9
119
15
2
2
96
15
2
131
9
19
129
1
152
2
3
164
1
162
5
175
Number A.W.O.L., April 1st	
Number in Oakalla, April 1st	
Number in Crease Clinic, April 1st	
Number in Provincial Mental Hospi-
	
17
34
284
82
366
22.4
342
1
2
33
143
24
167
14.4
212
1
17
1
14
210
75
285
26.3
265
1
27
240
52
292
17.8
283
5
49
121
31
152
20.4
146
19
3
118
23
141
16.3
155
4
1
4
171
32
203
15.8
126
9
19
33
222
40
262
15.3
237
2
3
1
14
313
85
398
21.4
387
Number A.W.O.L., March 31st    .    ..
3
Number in Oakalla, March 31st	
1
Number  on  extended  leave,  March
31st                       -     -
Number on special leave, March 31st
Number on parole, March 31st.	
	
27
34
49
1
175
173
63,233
5.8
61
43
96
102.4
37,383
9.5
432
	
1
2
101
100.6
36,721
9
281
Number in Provincial Mental Hospital, Marrh 31st
104
84.3
30,865
C1)
C1)
129
137.6
50,371
8.3
124
152
144
52,576
7.7
156
131
101.9
37,198
C1)
239
164
152
55,516
6
122
162
159
58,079
6
105
188
181
65,927
Average length of stay in months	
Total A.W.O.L. during the fiscal year
5.1
77=
L Not recorded.
! Involving fifty-eight boys.
During the fiscal year there were 313 admissions and 85 recidivists, making
a total of 398 admitted to the School. There was a 21.4-per-cent rate of recidivism.
Fourteen of the recidivists were committed for the third time and and two for the
fourth time. Two hundred and eighty of the boys admitted were Protestant, 115
Roman Catholic, one of other religion, and two unknown. Forty-eight of the total
number of boys admitted during the year were of native Indian status.
Range of Age upon Admission
Age in Years
9 years
10 „
11 „
12 „
13 „
The average age on admission was 14.8 years.
Number
of Boys
l
Age
14
15
16
17
18
n Years
years  _.__ __
j,    	
Number
of Boys
     80
3
- 107
7
88
           _.          21
,,    	
48
     41
       2
 L 70
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Supervising Agencies of Boys Admitted
Number
of Boys
Vancouver Juvenile Court  86
Provincial Probation Branch  214
Department of Social Welfare  35
Family Court of Greater Victoria  23
Indian Department  20
Children's Aid Society  5
Catholic Children's Aid Society  6
Family and Children's Service   1
Department of Social Welfare and Provincial Probation Branch  3
Provincial Probation Branch and Indian Department  3
Department of Social Welfare and Indian Department  1
Ontario agency - j.  1
Of this number, twenty-five were wards of the Superintendent of Child Welfare, nine of the Children's Aid Society, Vancouver, and five of the Catholic Children's Aid Society.
The 398 boys admitted were committed from the following Juvenile Courts:—
Abbotsford	
Agassiz
Number
of Boys
     2
     4
Ladner  	
Lake Cowichan      	
Number
of Boys
4
     5
Alberni
     6
Langley	
Lower Post	
     6
Alert Bay
     4
     1
Ashcroft   I        ,	
_.     5
Lytton	
McBride  '.	
     3
Bella Coola
_.    2
,    2
Burnaby	
Campbell River	
Chase          -   -
J  13
_      2
     1
Matsqui	
Masset      	
Merritt 	
Mission City   	
Nanaimo     __„
Nelson	
6
1
     1
Chilliwack  	
Cloverdale
  10
     2
3
   17
Colwood
     3
     2
Coquitlam   	
Courtenay 	
Cranbrook
.'     7
     5
     6
     5
'      1
New Westminster	
_   _„__    6
North Vancouver .
100 Mile House	
12
^   _.    2
Creston 	
Cumberland
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
6
     9
Dawson Creek
._    9
Port Coquitlam	
Port Edward	
___    2
Duncan
■"-    2
     3
Esquimalt
     1
Port Moody	
Powell River	
     2
Fernie
     '    1
     6
Fort Nelson -    -
____   __    2
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Qualicum Beach	
Quesnel	
Richmond	
Sechelt 	
Smithers 	
Spences Bridge 	
Summerland
Terrace  '.-
     9
Fort St. James	
Fort St. John     „
     4
     2
7
     3
Haney -       ~   	
     1
     5
Hazelton       —   .   .
     3
     9
Invermere
_    1
     1
Kamloops
-    5
     1
Kelowna	
Kimberley	
Kitimat 	
3
2
     2
     1
1
     8
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 71
Number
of Boys
.      1
University Hill	
Vancouver   _ 90
Vanderhoof      5
Vernon      2
Victoria  31
of Boys
West Summerland  1
West Vancouver  6
White Rock  1
Williams Lake  1
Boys were not in all cases residents of the area served by the Juvenile Court
which committed them to the School.
Of the 398 boys committed to the School during the year, 307 were for offences
against property, fourteen against persons, and seventy-seven for other offences
which included incorrigibility.
Of the 313 new admissions during the year, fifty-three of the boys were never
tried on probation but were committed to the School on their first appearance
before the Court.
There were 387 boys released from the School during the year. The average
length of stay of boys in the School was 5.1 months.
Fifty-eight boys accounted for the seventy-seven A.W.O.L.'s. The difference
between these two figures is due to the fact that some of the same boys went
A.W.O.L. two or more times during the year.
Six hundred and twenty-three boys were worked with in the School during the
fiscal year.
MEDICAL AND DENTAL TREATMENT
Fillings 	
X-rays	
Extractions
986
10
313
Partial upper dentures      29
Sets complete, upper and lower dentures       2
Partial dentures repaired       9
Prophylaxis        6
Two hundred and eleven boys received the above dental care, the cost of which
amounted to $7,105.50. In the previous year 353 boys received dental care, the
cost of which was quite a bit less than 1960/61.
Accidents increased proportionately. There were a few of a serious nature.
There were no major epidemics last year, although influenza and strep throats persisted throughout the year.
Five hundred and fifty-six boys were tuberculin-tested, of which sixty-two were
positive. One boy was hospitalized at the Willow Chest Centre in Vancouver—he
had been a TB. contact.
The only contagious diseases we had were impetigo and scabies.
On the whole, 1960/61 proved to be a fairly healthy year, considering the large
increase in population. Hundreds of boys were treated for minor complaints, such
as sore throats, earaches, cuts and bruises, etc. These are not listed in this report,
although a record of them is kept.
 L 72 BRITISH COLUMBIA
FINANCIAL STATEMENT,  1960/61
Salaries   $270,699.07
Office expense  2,931.02
Travelling expense   489.64
Office furniture and equipment  631.07
Heat, light, power, and water  25,789.88
Medical services   13,773.52
Clothing and uniforms   10,700.31
Provisions and catering  65,598-15
Laundry and dry-goods   13,765.96
Equipment and machinery  1,835.40
Medical supplies  1,894.13
Maintenance of buildings and grounds  3,816.28
Maintenance and operation of equipment  3,306.39
Transportation               4,104.65
Repairs to furnishings and equipment  698.23
Training programme expense  5,360.32
Incidentals and contingencies  3,919.85
$429,313.87
Less—
Board      $2,373.00
Rentals        2,181.50
Transportation   308.40
Sundry   248.95
         5,111.85
$424,202.02
Less increases in inventory—
Inventory at March 31st, 1961  $17,376.61
Inventory at March 31st, 1960     17,325.78
 ■ 50.93
$424,151.09
Add Public Works expenditure  $50,148.67
Less rental       1,284.50
       48,864.17
$473,015.26
Per capita cost per diem: $473,015.26-=-65,927=$7.17.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH,  1960/61 L 73
Reconciliation
Net expenditure as per Public Accounts  $423,718.32
Less increase in inventory   50.93
$423,667.39
Add—
Maintenance receipts       $483.70
Public Works expenditure   $50,148.67
Less rental        1,284.50
 48,864.17
       49,347.87
$473,015.26
Committals to the School continue to increase at the rate of approximately
10 per cent each year- Since our discharges must be related to the number of committals, the period the average boy spends in the School has been reduced accordingly. The shortening of a boy's stay in our School may not be as damaging as we
might at first be inclined to believe. For example, the percentage of repeaters sent
back to our School in 1960/61 was slightly below that of 1959/60 despite the fact
that the average period of a boy's stay in the School was less. Furthermore, a group
of twenty-nine boys who had spent only an average of three months in the School
were discharged last December. After eight months, only 10 per cent of that
particular group have been returned to the School. Of the total boys discharged
during the year, there was a 21-per-cent rate of repeaters as compared to the 10
per cent of the twenty-nine short-term boys. This indicates there are other factors
which are equally if not more important than the period of months a boy spends
in a correctional institution to ensure his successful rehabilitation. Some boys
obviously can benefit from what might be termed a " short shock treatment." Possibly the parents also benefit from the shock. If the cause of the boy's breakdown
in the first place was attributable to conditions within the home, and if there is no
change brought about within that home situation whilst the boy is detained in our
School, there is every possibility that he will be in further difficulty on returning
to the community regardless of the number of months he has spent in the School.
While we do require a certain period of time to get to know a boy and work with
him, this varies with each individual and must be governed to some degree by the
discipline, controls, and support the boy will receive from his parents, guardian,
and supervising agency at the community level. The School in itself cannot do a
complete rehabilitation job with the juvenile. Preventive services at the home and
community level are the first line of attack, and the follow-up work by the supervising agency, including the support the boy receives from his own parents or foster-
parents, is an all-important factor in the total rehabilitation programme.
In addition to having had an increase in the total number of boys committed
to our School during the year, there was also an increase in the number of boys in
the 10-12-year age-group. In our opinion many of the younger age-group were
more in need of protection than correction. If their parents are incapable of controlling them at that age, and if the School was to be used as a substitute for a home,
then they would have to remain in the School until they matured sufficiently to
adequately care for themselves.   A boy, after a number of years of institutional life
 L 74 BRITISH COLUMBIA
(which is not a normal one), would experience great difficulty in readjusting to the
community-
Dale Carnegie courses which were conducted by the mid-Island chapter were
continued throughout the fall and winter months. Three new groups of boys graduated. A local swimming instructor gave additional instruction to many boys of the
School during the winter months. We continued working with the various service
clubs of the Nanaimo district on many projects, clean-up of parks, playgrounds,
and general improvements. The renovating and repairing of toys for Christmas
hampers distributed by the Salvation Army was a major project again this year.
Furniture was made for the School for Retarded Children and the Wellington ratepayers' kindergarten group. Boys assisted in the cleaning-up of Chinatown after
the fire and preparing the site for the new Chinese United Church. With the assistance of the Nanaimo Vocational School class, approximately 5 acres of land was
roughly cleared, and we have extended our garden and doubled the size of the
forestry plantation project during the year.
I wish to thank all staff members, clergymen, service clubs, and other organizations, including other departments of Government, both municipal and Provincial,
private agencies, and individuals who have shown an interest in the boys by helping
the School with its programme of rehabilitation. The School is greatly indebted
to all these persons, and their assistance has been appreciated by the administration.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 75
INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS  (WILLINGDON SCHOOL)
Miss Winnifred M. Urquart, Superintendent
The following table shows in part the statistics for the Willingdon School for
Girls for the fiscal years 1951/52 to 1960/61. This has been prepared to correspond with the record presented annually by Brannen Lake School and will be
more complete in future years.
Fiscal Year
Tl-
m
r~
m
in
m
co
NO
Vi
m
m
ON
ON
On
ON
ON
ON
—
^
—*
-*
*-'
***
-*
Number in School, April 1st	
Number A.W.O.L., April 1st......	
Number in Oakalla, April 1st 	
Number in Crease Clinic, April 1st	
Number on extended leave, April 1st_
Number on special leave, April 1st	
Number of new admissions.—.	
Number of recidivists  	
Total number of admissions _.
Percentage of recidivism 	
Number of releases    	
Number A.W.O.L., March 31st	
Number in Oakalla, March 31st- _
Number  on  extended  leave,  March
31st-   	
Number in Crease Clinic, March 31st
Number in Provincial Mental Hospital, March 31st  	
Number on special leave, March 31st
Number in School, March 31st —
Average daily population.. _	
Total inmate-days.
Average length of stay (in months)..
Total A.W.O.L. during fiscal year ...
35
3
(!)
(!)
(!)
(!)
(!)
C1)
49
C1)
51
2
(!)
(!)
(!)
(!)
2
29
21.5
7,885
(!)
(!)
29
2
(i)
(!)
(!)
(!)
C1)
C1)
62
(!)
50
4
(!)
C1)
C1)
C1)
3
37
33.4
12,175
C1)
(!)
37
4
(!)
C1)
(!)
C1)
60
8
68
11.8
64
5
10
C1)
2
(l)
3?
37.8
13,780
(!)
C1)
32
5
(!)
54
15
69
21.7
56
7
12
43
30.5
11,136
(!)
C1)
66
14
70
20.0
70
12
1
47
41.1
15,036
8.5
232
60
11
71
15.5
55
13
62
46.2
16,871
11.6
187
59
7
66
10.6
75
7
4
58
51.6
18,851
12.4
187
4
66
15
81
18.5
72
9
3
66
51.4
18,765
10.6
124
3
96
10
106
9.4
79
5
9
91
76.5
28,010
10.4
147
91
5
9
81
13
94
13.8
100
11
11
77
74.0
26,994
10.3
210
i Not known.
I
'
 L 76
BRITISH COLUMBIA
During the fiscal year April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961, there were ninety-
four admissions, including thirteen recidivists (13.8 per cent). Twenty-six of the
total number admitted were native Indian girls (27.7 per cent).
Range of Age upon Admission
Age
Number
of Girls
12 years     3
13 „         5
14 „      11
Age
15 years
16 „
17 „    .
N"rpbnr
of Girls
..   25
. 34
. 16
Charges were as follows:—
Incorrigibility (beyond the control of parents or guardian)  45
Infraction of liquor laws or Indian Act  13
Theft   15
Sexual immorality   8
Broken probation  6
Creating a disturbance      3
Wilful damage 	
Trespassing—entering a box-car
False statement 	
Refusing to attend school	
Bodily harm 	
21
1
1
1
1
96
■ Against same girl.
Two girls had two separate charges.
The ninety-four girls committed were from the following Juvenile Courts:—
Number
of Girls
_    3
.    4
3
Alert Bay	
Burnaby 	
Burns Lake	
Chilliwack  2
Cloverdale  3
Courtenay   1
Coquitlam   2
Cranbrook   1
Creston   1
Dawson Creek  6
Fort St. James  3
Fort St. John  1
Haney   1
Hazelton   2
Hope  1
Invermere   1
Kamloops  1
Kelowna  3
Lake Cowichan  1
Number
of Girls
Masset   1
Merritt   1
Nanaimo   2
New Westminster  1
Port Moody  1
Powell River  2
Prince George  7
Prince Rupert  3
Quesnel  1
Revelstoke   1
Richmond   41
Saanich   1
Terrace   1
Ucluelet   1
Vancouver   14
Vanderhoof  1
Vernon   2
Victoria  5
Williams Lake  5
1 Includes two from Quebec Province apprehended at airport.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61 L 77
This shows that only 14.9 per cent of our admissions came from the City of
Vancouver and a further 9.5 per cent from the surrounding municipalities, the
balance being from every other area in the Province.
One hundred girls were granted outright releases from the School during the
year. Thirty-four were first permitted out on a trial basis of special leave, and out
of this group eleven came back for a further period. At the end of the fiscal year
seventeen out of the thirty-four had been released and are included in the 100; nine
were still on special leave and two of the eleven who came back were again on
special leave; one was absent without leave from her foster home; and three were
still in the institution. Average length of stay of girls in the School was 10.27
months. This included three girls from other Provinces and two recalled to Court
who each spent less than one month in the School.
Six girls were charged with escaping lawful custody, transferred to Adult Court
and given sentences varying from one to six months in Oakalla. This had an
adverse effect on the rest of the population of the School, a number thinking they
would prefer the definite sentence to Oakalla to the indefinite one in the School,
and resulted in more A.W.O.L.'s and extreme behaviour in the hope of being
charged and transferred to Adult Court. Two girls were charged by the police on
the recommendation of the Fire Marshal for lighting fires and were given nine-
month sentences in Oakalla.
MEDICAL AND DENTAL TREATMENT
We continued to receive the services of Dr. T. McKenzie from the Cambie
Clinic and have found this arrangement a real improvement in time saved and consistent service to the girls. The Venereal Disease Clinic continued to hold weekly
clinics, seeing all new admissions and all returns from run-aways. There were 535
examinations, and forty-two girls received treatment. The Burnaby Public Health
Unit continued to administer polio shots to our population. All new admissions
were tuberculin-tested by our nurse. Nineteen girls were taken to Vancouver General Hospital for emergency treatment, twenty-one for X-ray to out-patients, eight
were admitted for confinement, one for appendectomy, one for an exploration, one
for a broken ankle, one for insulin regulation, and one for psychiatric observation.
Eleven were admitted to Mount St. Joseph's under our doctor for tonsillectomies.
Forty-three girls had complete eye examination by Dr. McKenley (eye specialist);
thirty-three were fitted with glasses and sixteen pairs of glasses were repaired.
Dental work was carried out at Vancouver General Hospital Clinic two mornings a month, and, in addition, considerable work was done by a local Burnaby
dentist because the clinic could not handle all the emergencies or fitting of dentures
required by our increased population. One hundred girls received dental care; in
all there were 289 extractions, forty-four fillings, ten X-rays, four partial plates,
and two full upper and lower dentures.
The psychiatrist from the Provincial Mental Health Centre commenced visiting the School on a regular basis, twice a month, in November, rather than our
social workers attending conferences at the centre as in former years. Two girls
each month were given a diagnostic examination and a small number were seen by
the psychiatrist weekly for several interviews. One afternoon a month the psychiatrist spent in general discussion with the staff. This service has proven most
beneficial.
Staff turnover remained low, but we did lose several staff who had been with
the School for a number of years and were sorry to see them leave. Two cottage
supervisors resigned to remarry.   Miss Shiela Lord, social worker, after ten years
 L 78 BRITISH COLUMBIA
on staff, left to accept another social-work position. Mrs. Madelyne Service resigned
to raise her own family, and we had one change on our teaching staff. Both
stenographers received transfers and promotions in the Civil Service.
The training programme, with academic classes, hairdressing, sewing, home
economics, physical education, and housekeeping duties, continued to keep most
of the girls well occupied. All girls participated in the recreation programme. The
swimming-pool has proven to be of great therapeutic value; nearly every girl who
could not swim when she arrived quickly learned, and before her release had earned
several Red Cross swimming awards. Once a senior she is given responsibility for
instructing others, and with some this is the turning-point in taking a greater responsibility for her behaviour and a realization of her own personal worth.
In June the girls presented to an audience of over 200 the first gymnastic and
water display in the new School.
Regular services were held at the School by the various Protestant religious
groups and mass said every Sunday for the Roman Catholics. The Catholic priest
and the Anglican priest held instruction classes once a week for their girls as a part
of the regular school programme.
Our volunteer friends—particularly The Elizabeth Fry Society, Pentecostal
Foursquare, and the Vancouver Ladies' Musical Society — provided concerts,
parties, square dancing, picnics, and friendly visitors for the girls. To these and
other volunteers who have done so much to prevent life in the School from becoming mere institutional routine, we owe a deep debt of gratitude.
Each years sees its successes and failures. Many girls discover sufficient
strengths within themselves and learn controls while in the School that make it
possible for them to live normal lives in the community without getting into any
more serious trouble. They generally keep in touch either by letter, telephone, or
personal visit with one or more members of the staff, and we are always interested
and happy to learn of their activities. The staff are to be commended for the many
hours of their own time spent with and keeping in touch with our graduates. This
is truly a great service of value and one little recognized except by the girls. There
are still, and no doubt always will be, a few girls who leave the School completely
unable to function in a normal society and only feel comfortable associating with
people inferior to themselves. These may be girls who have either conformed and
appeared to receive maximum benefit from an extended term or have been constant
sources of trouble in the School. Unfortunately they generally become addicted to
drugs and get frequent sentences to Oakalla. They are not motivated to benefit
from treatment either by psychiatry or casework.
I wish to acknowledge and thank all the organizations and individuals who
have taken an interest in our girls and assisted in the programme, also the staff for
the genuine interest they have shown in their work, and all others in the Department
for their assistance during the year.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 79
STATISTICAL INFORMATION
Population of the School, March 31st, 1961
On roll, April 1st, 1960
105
Girls admitted, April 1st, 1960, to March 31st, 1961  94
Officially released  98
Transferred to other institutions with subsequent official release
from Willingdon School  2
Total unreleased, March 31st, 1961 	
Financial Statement, 1960/61
199
100
~99
Salaries   $178,233.16
Office expense   2,080.56
Travelling expense   936.96
Heat, light, power, and water  23,712.10
Medical services 	
Clothing and uniforms 	
Provisions and catering 	
Laundry and dry-goods	
Good Conduct Fund 	
Equipment and machinery
Medical supplies
Maintenance of building and grounds	
Maintenance and operation of equipment
Transportation 	
Vocational and recreational supplies, etc. _.
4,129.60
5,223-37
32,678.84
239.20
1,457.30
153.96
1,203.44
2,921.64
2,261.23
3,073.68
2,324.42
$260,629.46
Less—
Rentals
$1,980.00
Board      2,205.00
Sundry receipts        318.24
Increase in inventory—
March 31st, 1961  $8,944.30
March 31st, 1960_____    4,797-60
     4,146.70
Add Public Works expenditure
8,649.94
$251,979.52
32,083.66
$284,063.18
Cost per capita per diem:  $284,063.18-^26,994=$10.52.
Reconciliation
Net expenditure as per Public Accounts  $256,126.22
Less increase in inventory         4.146.70
Add Public Works expenditure       32,083.66
$284,063.18
 L 80 BRITISH COLUMBIA
PROVINCIAL HOME, KAMLOOPS
G. P. Willie, Superintendent
I herewith submit the annual report of the Provincial Home for the Aged and
Infirm, Kamloops, for the fiscal year 1960/61.
Old age is an important segment of the economy- A major aim has been, and
continues, to keep old folks out of valuable and expensive hospital beds and place
them in surroundings where they will enjoy the company of others their age and
continue to have the many memories and possessions that make life a warm and
welcome experience. While it is true that the problems of the aged have now been
presented more vigorously to the public at large, only a few outsiders are aware of
what is involved in looking after the elderly. Obviously management has its share
of worries providing services that could only be duplicated in high-priced hotels.
Food plays a very important part in the life of old people, both physically and
psychologically. There are no clearly defined bounds of how housing and feeding
help can be extended to the aged as age has such few pleasures. We are always in
touch with the Nutrition Consultant, Health Services, and carry out instructions,
thereby offering a good balanced diet. The tables in the dining-room have been
recovered with arborite in a light colour, and a 40-gallon steam kettle was installed
in the kitchen, which improves service.
Recreation and its facilities are important as we have some men grappling
with frustration, and this tends to settle them. We hope to soon have another large
room available for recreation and handicrafts as some seek the company of fellow-
residents, while others prefer the privacy of their rooms. A new ten-passenger bus
has been purchased, and this is used for sightseeing, picnics, and general transportation, and is proving very popular.
Entertainment for the residents during the year was varied and enjoyable, consisting of military bands, school and church choirs, picture shows, concerts, and
bingo games. The men are also invited to watch local sports and games, free of
charge.
The religious desires of the residents are well taken care of by the various
denominations, either by services at the Home or by transporting them to the church
of their choice.
The health services at the Home continue on a high standard by well-trained
staff and good co-operation from the doctors of the Irving Clinic. Improvements in
laundry service and facilities, new linoleum for the sick-ward floor, a refrigerator,
two over-bed tables and modern safety sides for beds, and a larger instrument sterilizer, all add to better care for the men. Our population averages 80 per cent requiring normal care and 20 per cent bed care, of which half require special care-
We try not to operate a rule-ridden home, rather a sanctuary with a purpose
in life, encouraging our residents toward physical exercise, adequate rest and recreation, cleanliness, property pride and protection, generous periods of leisure for thinking creatively, proper medical care, and social activity. We find that these old
people are happier and better in health when they finally consent to partake of what
is offered, have a room of their own, and the companionship of their own generation.
I wish to thank all staff members, co-workers, and senior administration for
their assistance during the year.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 81
EXPENDITURE FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED MARCH 31st, 1961
Salaries 	
Expenses—
Office expense	
Travelling expense
Heat, light, water, and power	
Medical services	
Clothing and uniforms 	
Provisions and catering       31,648.43
$103,511.16
569.55
191.28
719.00
5,400.54
2,095.17
Laundry and dry-goods ____
Equipment and machinery
Medical supplies
Maintenance of buildings and grounds ___.
Maintenance and operation of equipment
Transportation 	
Motor-vehicles and accessories	
Incidentals aand contingencies	
Burials 	
7,409.07
3,013.34
4,306.34
1,237.56
342.82
346.61
2,513-74
1,855.70
2,376.90
$167,537.21
Less—
Board   $879.00
Rent      315.00
1,194.00
$166,343.21
Inmate-days
Inmates in the Home, April 1st, 1960  132
Inmates admitted during the year     55
187
Inmates discharged
Inmates deceased __
34
24
58
Total number of inmates, March 31st, 1961   129
Total number of inmate-days   46,910
Summary
Provincial Home expenditure __
Public Works expenditure	
$166,343.21
14,520.86
Total expenditure  $180,864.07
Cost per capita per diem: $180,864.07-f-46,910=$3.86.
Pensions paid to Government Agent, Kamloops, $87,162.75.
 l 82 british columbia
Reconciliation
Net expenditure as per Public Accounts     $45,157.70
Add Maintenance Receipts—
Pensions   $87,162-75
Municipalities        2,272.17
Transfers   from   Provincial   Home
Trust Account       3,733.47
Receipts from Government of Canada under Unemployment Assistance Agreement      40,539.02
Other collections   282.30
     133,989.71
$179,147.41
Add Public Works expenditure       14,520.86
$193,668.27
Less—
Pensioners' comforts     $7,862.86
Proportion  of  excess  of disbursements over receipts for Tran-
quille Farm       4,941.34
       12,804.20
Total expenditure  $180,864.07
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 83
WELFARE INSTITUTIONS BOARD
A. A. Shipp, Chief Inspector of Welfare Institutions
The annual report of the administration of the Welfare Institutions Licensing
Act for the year 1960 is herewith submitted. As licences are issued on the basis
of the calendar year, this report covers the period from January 1st, 1960, to
December 31st, 1960.
LICENCES
A total of 117 new licences was issued during the year, together with 594 renewals. Licences cancelled totalled 123, while there were 232 new applications,
and 232 pending cases were either completed or closed. Case load at December
31st, 1960, totalled 829, made up of 606 licensed institutions and 223 pending.
BOARD MEETINGS
Eight regular and two special board meetings were held during the year. There
were no changes in the personnel of the Board.
WELFARE INSTITUTIONS FOR CHILDREN
A. Full-time Care of Children
Institutions for Child-care
There are seven institutions licensed for the full-time care of children, two of
which give boarding-home care, the remainder giving a specialized service. All
licensed institutions continue to maintain good standards of programme and care,
and admission policies are strictly adhered to.
Number of institutions licensed in 1960  7
Number of children cared for        223
Total days' care   47,544
Private Boarding Homes
There were thirty-five licensed boarding homes for children at the beginning
of 1960 and ten homes were in process of licensing. During the year two new
homes were licensed and seven licences were cancelled for various reasons. There
were eight new applications during the year and nine pending cases were closed,
leaving a total of thirty licensed homes and nine pending. Licensing is done in cooperation with the Children's Aid Societies in the Vancouver and Victoria areas,
and in the rest of the Province the field service is responsible for making the necessary reports.
Number of children's boarding homes licensed in 1960  30
Number of children cared for  86
Total days' care  20,265
B. Day Care of Children
Foster Day Care
Due to a change in policy and a tighter check on standards, the number of
foster day-care homes, particularly in the Vancouver area, has dropped sharply
during the past two years.   A number of new applications are now in process of
 L 84 BRITISH COLUMBIA
licensing, and it is expected that a considerably improved service will be given to
those working mothers who £nd it necessary to use this service.
Number of foster day-care homes licensed in 1960  34
Number of children cared for        291
Total days' care   20,182
Kindergartens, Play-schools, etc.
The training of the pre-school child continues to be of great interest, both to
parents and to educators. In past years an excellent teacher-training programme
has been set up, largely through the work of the pre-school teachers themselves,
which has resulted in higher standards of training in the classroom.
Workshops, sponsored by the Co-operative Kindergartens Association, are
held monthly throughout the school-year and have proven to be of great benefit to
both parents and teachers. The Extension Department of the University of British
Columbia co-operates in this project.
Number of pre-school centres licensed in 1960  249
Number of children registered        12,942
Total days' care  1,135,696
Schools for Retarded Children
The number of children attending the schools for retarded children licensed
under the Welfare Institutions Licensing Act fell slightly during the year. The
reason for this was that several of the larger schools were taken over by the local
School Boards, and those which received new licences had fewer pupils. However,
the total number of children receiving training under the auspices of School Boards
and local chapters of the British Columbia Association for Retarded Children increased to a considerable extent.
Number of schools licensed in 1960  27
Number of children registered        469
Total days' care  57,149
MATERNITY HOMES
There was no change in the status or programme of the three maternity homes
in the Province.
Number of homes licensed in 1960  3
Number of mothers cared for        390
Number of infants cared for        259
Total days' care (mothers and children)   30,903
AGED-CARE
Boarding homes licensed principally for the care of the aged began to take in
a new group during the year.
The Provincial Mental Hospital has recently begun to discharge many improved mentally ill patients on probation, and many of these are being cared for in
licensed boarding homes. Experiments are still being carried out to decide whether
these former patients should, for a short time, be in a group by themselves or
whether they can best fit into the community in an average group.
During the year, representatives of the Department of Social Welfare and the
Department of Hospital Insurance and Health Services met with the Greater Van-
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 85
couver Health League to discuss the need for changes in legislation to improve
standards of care.
Number of homes licensed during 1960  196
Number of persons cared for  4,385
Total days' care   1,026,786
UNEMPLOYED ADULTS
One new licence was issued in 1960, to the men's hostel operated by the Catholic Charities in Vancouver. This hostel can care for 100 men aand proved to be
an excellent resource during the winter months.
Number of homes licensed during 1960  6
Number of persons cared for     8,680
Total days' care  49,268
SUMMER CAMPS
Camping continues to be a major factor in the training of the children of the
Province, and many children from 6 years of age and up receive this type of training for periods of from ten days to a month during the summer.
Camps are operated principally by church, fraternal, or non-profit groups, plus
a few which are privately operated, and are of particular value to the child reared
in urban areas.
The British Columbia Camping Association continues to give advice to new
groups and to work for improved standards-
Number of summer camps licensed in 1960  76
Number of persons cared for     23,753
Total days' care  205,556
CONCLUSION
Sincere thanks and appreciation are extended to all who helped with the administration of this Act.
 L 86
BRITISH COLUMBIA
STATISTICAL INFORMATION
Table I.—Showing a Comparative Summary of Information
Regarding Licensed Welfare Institutions
1957
1958
1959
1960
Children—Total Care (Excluding Summer Camps)
Number licensed—
9
54
385
120
468
155
91,446
33,089
73   '
4,891
21,578
200,516
243
13
35
6,310
227
140
11,022
227
277
883,865    ■
27,017
23,879
170
2,671
3,775
803,705
5
75
557
19,809
3
115
319
235
29,309
9
46
357
105
397
126
82,788
30,557
74
5,280
22,695   '
233,565
260
25
50
6,724
358
172
11,392
340
320
940,628
42,917
27,754
184
2,805
3,851
859,962
5
72
473
16,208
3
MS
327
259
28,795
7
39
242
92
312
107
70,762
24,914
77
5,283
25,735
235,846
251
27
36
7,034
542
170
12,182
501
358
1,055,073
63,547
30,820
174
2,824
3,862
867,864
5
64
1           396
16,754
2
116
373
282
29,796
7
30
Capacity—
217
78
Number of children under care—
223
86
Number of days' care—
Institutions   .   _ _ 	
Boarding homes     	
Summer Camps
47,544
20,265
76
5,308
23,753
205,556
Children—Day Care
Number licensed—
249
27
34
Capacity—
7,221
518
84
Number of children enrolled—
12,942
469
291
Number of attendance days—
1,135,696
57,149
20,182
Adults—Infirm and Unemployable
196
3,058
Number of persons under care    	
4,385
1,026,783
6
Adults—Employable
164
8,680
49,268
3
Women—Maternity
US
Number of persons under care—
390
Infants „      	
259
30,903
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61                      L 87
Table II.—Case Load Showing the Total Number of Licensed Institutions and
Pending Applications, 1960
LICENSED
Jan. 1,1960
New Licences
Closed
Carried Forward Dec. 31,
1960
Children—total care—
35
7
75
229
24
54
132
35
5
2
2
1
2
38
10
13
52
1
1
7
1
1
36
9
33
32
3
30
7
76
Children—day care—
231
25
3. Foster day care.....	
Aged—■
34
152
32
Adults—employable 	
Homes—Maternity        	
6
3
Totals..	
598
120
122
596
PENDING
Jan. 1,1960
New Cases
Closed
Carried Forward Dec. 31,
1960
Children—total care—
10
3
20
57
12
42
67
9
2
1
8
1
11
88
10
22
92
9
1
4
67
14
44
86
5
1
1
9
3
27
Children—day care—
1. Kindergartens    _ 	
2. Schools for retarded children... .  _	
3. Foster day care.	
Aged—■
78
8
20
73
2. Institutions   _	
4
Adults—employable     _	
Homes—Maternity...     ._	
1
Totals._ ■	
223
232
232
223
■
'
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
PART V.—MEDICAL SOCIAL WORK SERVICES
DIVISION OF TUBERCULOSIS CONTROL
Mrs. M. Titterington, Casework Supervisor
I submit herewith the annual report of the Social Service Department of the
Division of Tuberculosis Control.
PROGRAMME
Each year shows some changes in the programme of the Division of Tuberculosis Control as the emphasis moves from control and prevention to eradication of
tuberculosis. To indicate the important role that social welfare policy plays in the
reduction of tuberculosis, I am quoting from a paper given by Dr. G. F. Kincade,
Director of the Division of Tuberculosis Control, at the inaugural meeting of the
British Columbia Thoracic Society, held March 24th, 1961:—
" There can be no doubt that while the tuberculous antimicrobials have
proven miraculous in the treatment of this disease and have been responsible for
saving unnumbered cases from death and chronic invalidism, other factors must
also be recognized as having greatly influenced the favourable trend.
" Social and economic developments, together with improved and expanding
health services, have contributed greatly to the favourable progress that has been
made in tuberculosis-control; so much so that not even the Second Great War was
able to produce much effect in reversing the trend that was occurring in this country. Even before the first antimicrobials were used, tuberculosis was in a process
of containment and the death rate had decreased by 75 per cent in this century.
The incidence of new cases was falling off. The standard of living had greatly improved, and through better nutrition and improved living and working conditions
a favourable influence was being exerted on those suffering from or infected by the
tubercle bacillus. Welfare allowances were generally available to the sick and special extra allowances were provided for tuberculous cases and their families.
" The cumulative effect of all these factors is difficult to estimate, but undoubtedly has exerted a tremendous influence in the control of tuberculosis and has removed one of the historic obstacles previously mentioned with which the early
workers in the tuberculosis field were always faced."
Patients with social problems are only seen on referral, but the Social Service
Department reviews the social circumstances of all the tuberculosis patients on
admission, as well as many of the poliomyelitis patients. Economic problems are
predominant, but illness involving separation from family also creates other social,
personal, and interrelationship difficulties, including child-care problems. The
average number of cases active each month was 133. There were 1,905 patient
interviews and 2,651 collateral interviews. These include consultation with medical
staff and other professional disciplines, as well as other community agencies. There
were 552 letters written on behalf of patients. Comforts Allowance was granted to
143 patients during the fiscal year, at an expenditure of $3,380. Voluntary funds
were used during periods of assessment and for special needs.
In September, 1960, B.C. hospital insurance was extended to include a coverage programme for rehabilitation chronic treatment and convalescent care in
certain approved hospitals, and our Poliomyelitis Pavilion was included.
 REPORT OF SOCIAL WELFARE BRANCH, 1960/61
L 89
With emphasis on rehabilitation in the broadest sense, it is hoped by this department and a number of the poliomyelitis patients that they may be assisted to
be rehabilitated back into their own homes and be enabled to play some role there.
Because of the personal care and equipment required, the goal is difficult to achieve,
but the human values salvaged would make such a goal worth while. In a recent
visit to Vancouver, Dr. Cusins, of Oxford, England, described the sharing plan they
had developed in the geriatric field so that patients could be home part of the time
and have full home care, and yet from time to time be admitted to hospital for
social reasons as well as medical reasons. In other words, the patients would have
a fuller life if their care could be shared by medical authorities, community, and
family.
During the past year a key member of the staff has been on educational leave.
We have two part-time workers who are co-operative and diligent, but there are
difficulties with this arrangement, and we shall welcome return of the staff member.
We have continued to participate in the educational programmes of allied professions and find this an opportunity to interpret our role.
In helping our patients we are often dependent upon other Governmental departments and community agencies, and we have appreciated the co-operation we
have received.
We wish to acknowledge the continued contributions from the British Columbia Tuberculosis Society and the Mount Garibaldi and Municipal Chapters of the
I.O.D.E. These contributions helped meet emergency and special needs for which
there were no other resources.
 L 90
BRITISH COLUMBIA
PART VI.—ACCOUNTING DIVISION
J. McDiarmid, Departmental Comptroller
The functions of the Accounting Division are to control expenditures, process
accounts for payment, account for revenue, forecast expenditures, and prepare the
Departmental estimates of revenue and expenditures in their final form.
The gross expenditure for the Department increased 29.3 per cent over the
previous year. Social Allowances accounted for the major increase and is $8,651,-
300 over the previous fiscal year. Again this is the result of the continuing increase
in the number of unemployed employables requiring assistance.
Within the Department of Social Welfare, aid to recipients amounted to 94
per cent or $48,494,400 of the total expenditure. In reviewing the following table
it should be noted that expenditures in all services have increased over the previous
fiscal year.
Proportion of Total Welfare Expenditure
Main Service
1959/60
1960/61
Value
Per Cent
Value
Per Cent
$499,000
899,300
1,411,800
2,870,500
3,697,600
16,306,000
14,133,600
1.3
2.3
3.5
7.2
9.3
40.9
35.5
$554,400
913,700
1,507,900
3,364,600
4,552,800
24,957,300
15,619,700
1.1
1.8
2.9
6.5
Medical services, drugs, optical, etc.	
8.8
48.5
Old-age Assistance,  Blind Persons' Allowance,  Disabled   Persons'   Allowance,   and   supplementary
Social Allowance for the aged and handicapped _
30.3
Totals
$39,817,800
100.0      |    $51,470,400
1
100.0
The centralization of Social Allowance cheques issued from the Comptroller-
General's office has progressed and has proven to be of benefit to the field in lessening their work load.
Personnel of the Accounting Division attended Departmental administrative
meetings and assisted in drafting procedures for various branches of the Department. Visits continued to be made to the institutions and certain field offices in
order to effect improvements in accounting procedures.
The mechanical supervisors continued to make regular inspections of Departmental motor-vehicles. Safe driving measures continued to be stressed to the field
staff by the use of films and other visual aids. No major accidents occurred during
the year.
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
In right of the Province of British Columbia.
1962
1,060-1161-5942
      

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