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Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT for the Year Ended… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1962

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 Minister of Mines and
Petroleum Resources
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
for the Year Ended December 31st
1960
Printed by A. Sutton, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1961
 BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. W. K. Kiernan, Minister.
P. J. Mulcahy, Deputy Minister.
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector of Mines.
S. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
Hartley Sargent, Chief, Mineralogical Branch.
K. B. Blakey, Chief Gold Commissioner and Chief Commissioner,
Petroleum and Natural Gas.
J. D. Lineham, Chief, Petroleum and Natural Gas Conservation Branch.
 Major-General the Honourable George Randolph Pearkes,
V.C., P.C., C.B., D.S.O., M.C.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The Annual Report of the Mineral Industry of the Province for the year 1960
is herewith respectfully submitted.
W. K. KIERNAN,
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources Office,
March 31st, 1961.
  CONTENTS
Page
Introduction    A 9
Review of the Mineral Industry  A 10
Statistics—
Methods of Computing Production  A 14
Co-operation with Dominion Bureau of Statistics  A 15
Table I.—Mineral  Production—Total  to  Date,  Latest Decade,  and
Latest Year  A 17
Table II.—Total Value of Production, 1836-1960  A 17
Table III.—Quantity and Value of Mineral Products for Years 1951 to
1960  A 18
Table IV (Graph).—Mineral Production Value, 1895-1960  A 20
Table V (Graph).—Principal Lode-metals Production, 1913-1960  A 21
Table VI.—Production of Principal Metals, 1858-1960  A 22
Table VIIa.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Summary  A 24
Table VIIb.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Principal Lode Metals  A 26
Table Vila—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals  A 28
Table VIId.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Industrial Minerals  A 32
Table VIIe.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date, by Mining
Divisions—Structural Materials  A 38
Table VIIIa.—Quantity (Gross) and Value of Coal per Year to Date  A 40
Table VIIIb.—Coal Production (Gross) by Districts and Mining Divisions  A 41
Table Villa—Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used, 1950-60.____   A 42
Table IX.—Coke and By-products Production for Years 1895 to 1925
and 1926 to 1960  A 43
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1960  A 44
Table XI.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Operations of
All Classes  A 48
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-
60  A 49
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and
Gross Value of Principal Metals, 1901-60  A 50
Table XIV.—Lode-metal Production in I960-  A 51
Table XV.—Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten or More
Persons during 1960  A 56
A 5
 A 6 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Page
Departmental Work  A 57
Administration Branch  A 57
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)  A 57
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province A 58
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1960 A 59
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas  A 60
Analytical and Assay Branch  A 62
Inspection Branch  A 63
Mineralogical Branch  A 64
Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch  A 65
Grub-staking Prospectors  A 67
Mining Roads and Trails  A 72
Museums  A 73
Rock and Mineral Specimens  A 73
Publications  A 74
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases A 74
Joint Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and the Department of Mines and Technical
Surveys, Canada  A 74
Topographic Mapping and Air Photography  A 75
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys  A 77
Geological Survey of Canada  A 77
Field Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1960  A 77
Publications of the Geological Survey  A 78
Mines Branch  A 78
Mineral Resources Division  A 78
Lode Metals       1
Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work  117
Placer  120
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals  126
Petroleum and Natural Gas  156
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries  196
Coal  216
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations  240
Lode-metal Deposits Referred to in the 1960 Annual Report  247
 CONTENTS A 7
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Photographs
Page
Looking down Bear River valley to Stewart  9
Head of American Creek  9
Craigmont Mines Limited.    Stripping the orebody at 4,100 feet elevation.
September, 1960  39
Craigmont Mines Limited.    Office and service buildings at 3500 level.    September, 1960  39
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.   Raise
machine in Duncan mine  81
Raise machine in position for drilling  81
Empire Development Company Limited.    Open pits, tram-line, and camp  98
Quatsino limestone conformably overlying amygdaloidal flows of the Karmut-
sen group .  98
Storage and office buildings, Charlie Lake  159
Core-examination room, Charlie Lake  159
Calstan Fording Mtn d-61-L wildcat well  163
West Nat et al. Evie Lake b-89-E wildcat well  163
Nelson mobile mine-rescue and first-aid unit 1  211
Mine-rescue team, Bluebell mine  211
Drawings
1. The Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited.    Isometric sketch
showing relation of Aurum dragfold and fault to Burnett dragfold and fault
as outlined by the " Rainbow-Baker " contact  16
2. Scarn group.   Plan showing veins and sample locations  18
3. Geology of the Promontory Hills area Facing 27
4. Outline map of Lawless Creek area showing mineral occurrences and
principal intrusions  43
5. Lower Lawless Creek area Facing 49
6. Law's Camp.    Principal showings  54
7. Horn Silver Mine Facing 59
8. Keremeos Mines Ltd.   Golconda workings Facing 61
9. Empire Development Company Limited.   Geology in the general vicinity
of the mine workings  94
10. Zeballos Iron Mines Limited.    Plan and cross-section of F.L. ore zone  105
11. Block diagram illustrating diamond drilling on Kennedy Lake iron property 109
 A 8 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS—Continued
Drawings—Continued
Page
12. Qualicum Mines Limited.   Block diagram illustrating diamond drilling on
Domineer No. 22 mineral claim  113
13. Nadira Mines Limited.   Possible correlation of part of skarn zone  114
14. Asbestos occurrences in British Columbia Facing 127
15. Letain asbestos showing  129
16. Limestone in the Salmon Arm area  144
17. Petroleum and natural-gas fields, 1960  165
18. Oil and gas pipe-lines, existing and proposed  166
 ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER
OF MINES AND PETROLEUM
RESOURCES, 1960
Introduction
A Report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year from 1874 to 1959. Beginning in 1960, it is the Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the mineral
industry, also much detail about individual operations, including those undertaken
in the search for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as
the actual winning of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources now
contains introductory sections dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and
Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural Gas; Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer
Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries, each with its own table of contents. A table listing the
properties described, in geographic groupings, precedes the index.
An introductory review of the mineral industry and notes at the first of several
of the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions.
Notes in the various sections deal briefly with exploration or production operations
during the year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history
of past work and the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the
mineral deposits exposed in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a
single property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section
on Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the
work of other British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest
to the mineral industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine operations and some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines
and Petroleum Resources is contained in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines,
Placer Mines, and Quarries, early in the section on Coal, and in the section on
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.
A 9
 Review of the Mineral Industry
The end of the calendar year 1960 marked the end of the 1951-60 decade
and the beginning of a new one. The past decade witnessed material changes in
the mineral industry of British Columbia in production, exploration, and methods.
Table I, page A 17, shows that the total value of mineral production to date is more
than $4,370,000,000, of which almost $1,370,000,000 is credited to the 1951-60
decade. The production of principal metals in the decade amounted to 37 per cent
of the accumulated value of the principal-metals group to the end of 1960; comparable percentages for the other groups of products are: other metals, 74; industrial minerals, 74; structural materials, 55; fuels, 17. These percentages reflect
in part the history of production and in part changing prices. The accumulated
value of coal was already substantial at the end of 1900; production continued at
a relatively high level during the early decades of this century, but has declined
markedly in the past decade. For the metals, gold, silver, copper, and lead, except
placer gold, production before 1900 represents a small part of the value to the end
of 1960, and for zinc production did not begin until 1905, and was small until
World War I. The value for the principal-metals group, in the last ten years, also
reflects the fact that the average prices for silver, copper, lead, and zinc have been
materially higher than for any earlier decade. The value for this group for the past
decade is $1,182,000,000, and the value from 1858 to the end of 1960 is $3,198,-
000,000. Production of the metals listed as " miscellaneous " has been mainly in
the last few decades, and for iron, nickel, and tungsten has been mainly or entirely
in the last decade. The position of the industrial-minerals group is similar; the
entire production of asbestos, amounting to 45 per cent of the accumulated value
for the group, has been in the last decade; sulphur production, although substantial
in the preceding periods, has increased greatly in the last decade. Production of
structural materials and the relative importance of the structural-materials group
increased substantially in the last decade to meet the needs of the expanding transportation system, and the needs of the building industry. In the period, cement-
making capacity increased greatly, and a plant to produce bloated shale for lightweight aggregate and pozzolanic additive came into production. For fuels, the
output and value of coal has declined, but the entire production of oil, natural gas,
and natural-gas liquid by-products belongs to the last decade, and mainly to the
latter half of the decade; consequently, the value for the fuels group has increased
substantially.
During the decade 1951-60 the output of gold declined; production of zinc
increased. Copper fell to a very low point in 1958 because of mine closures; however, with the reopening of Britannia and the revival of copper-mining in the
Boundary camp, much of the loss in copper output has been regained. Increasing
production in 1961 and 1962 because of the opening of new copper mines should
restore copper output to the level reached in the period 1925-30. Increased mining
of iron ore, recovery of by-product iron at Kimberley, high production of industrial
minerals and structural materials, and increasing production of petroleum and
natural gas hold promise of increasing mineral production in the decade that begins
with 1961.
Several aspects of the geographical distribution of mineral production in the
decade 1951-60 are worthy of note. They include the increasing importance of
the Liard Mining Division because of asbestos production at Cassiar and production
* By Hartley Sargent.
A 10
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL AND PETROLEUM INDUSTRIES,  1960      A 11
of natural gas and oil east of the Rocky Mountains. Asbestos production began
modestly in 1952 and continued to increase throughout the decade, reaching a value
of $11,700,000 in 1960 and more than $53,700,000 for the decade. Production
of natural gas for use in Fort St. lohn began in 1954, and reached substantial volume
in 1957, when completion of the Westcoast transmission-line gave access to a wide
market in British Columbia and western United States. Liquid by-products and
sulphur, derived from cleaning natural gas at Taylor, are credited first in 1958.
Oil production to date has been for local use. Oil, gas, and liquid by-products had
a combined value of more than $9,225,000 in 1960.
Production of silver, lead, zinc, and copper showed considerable changes in
geographic distribution. The principal source of silver, lead, and zinc continues
to be in southeastern British Columbia in the Fort Steele Mining Division, which,
in the decade 1951-60, yielded 61 per cent of the Provincial total value for that
group of metals. Important production began in the Nelson Mining Division at
the end of the preceding decade, and in the decade 1951-60 that division contributed more than a tenth of the Provincial output of the group. In the same period
the Slocan Mining Division contributed 9 per cent of the Provincial output of those
metals. The Slocan Mining Division now includes the former Ainsworth Mining
Division, and a large part of the output came from mines at Ainsworth and Riondel,
in the former Ainsworth Division. The Atlin, Skeena, Omineca, Vancouver, Revel-
stoke, Golden, and Greenwood Mining Divisions all contributed to silver-lead-zinc
production, although in the final years of the decade the Atlin, Skeena, Revelstoke,
and Omineca production had ceased or was small. In 1950 copper production
came largely from Vancouver and Similkameen Divisions (Britannia and Copper
Mountain mines); in 1960* Britannia contributed more than half the copper output; the Copper Mountain mine had been shut down since 1957, but five other
mines were in production, two of them (Texada and Giant Nickel mines) producing
copper as an important by-product. Thus copper production had become more
widely distributed. Gold, the remaining metal in the principal-metals group, had
shrunken materially in annual output, and in the number of mines operated primarily
to produce it.
Other changes in lode-metal production in the decade 1951-60 relate to iron,
nickel, and tungsten. Production of iron ore for transocean shipment began in
1951, and in 1960 more than 1,164,000 tons of iron concentrate was produced on
Vancouver and Texada Islands with a value of almost $10,300,000. More than
three-fourths of the tungsten output to date was produced in the period 1952-58,
mainly in the Nelson Mining Division and the remainder in Omineca; both operations were closed before the end of the decade. Commercial production of nickel
began in 1958, and had a value of $2,645,915 in 1960, coming entirely from the
Giant Nickel mine in the Hope area.
Some important changes in the industrial-minerals group have been mentioned
earlier. Further items of interest include cessation of gypsum production in the
Kamloops Mining Division and increased production of gypsum and of barite in
the Golden Mining Division.
Exploration for oil and gas has been carried on actively for more than a decade,
and has included work in many parts of the Province, but most of the work has
been in the northeastern part, and all of the production has come from that area.
The work has included geological and geophysical (mainly seismic) surveys, as
early steps, slim-hole drilling, and drilling of wells. In the decade, 628 wells, aggregating 3,511,429 feet, were drilled, yielding 104 wells rated as commercial oil wells
and 230 as commercial gas wells.
* See footnote, page A 12.
 A 12 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
In the lode-mining segment of the industry, increasing use has been made of
geophysical surveys, and recently geochemical surveys have been used extensively.
Airborne magnetometer surveys were undertaken in several parts of the Province
in spite of the difficulties imposed by high relief and rugged terrain. Airborne
magnetometer surveys made for the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources
included considerable parts of the larger coastal islands—Vancouver, Texada, and
Moresby.
Geological mapping is used increasingly in the search for mineral deposits,
and, in addition to the large projects of the Provincial and Federal Government
departments, many projects are undertaken by companies. Projects undertaken by
companies in the Stewart and Princeton-Merritt areas are worthy of note because
of the substantial areas involved. Government mapping in the decade has included
detailed mapping in various areas by the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources and less detailed work over very much larger areas by the
Federal Geological Survey. Aerial geological mapping, air photography, and topographic mapping have made great progress in the post-war period, and the areas
lacking first-stage mapping are rapidly being filled in. First-stage geological mapping is of very great use in indicating areas for mineral exploration and for more
detailed mapping. The next stage—detailed studies pointing more specifically to
areas worthy of intensive exploration—has been in progress for years, but is needed
for many areas and must be pursued vigorously if mineral exploration is to be carried
on efficiently at an adequate rate.
Exploration for lode deposits was directed toward the discovery of copper,
iron, silver-lead-zinc, gold, tungsten, molybdenum, asbestos, and fluorspar. Exploration for copper and iron were notably successful. In the southwestern Interior, in
an area long recognized as a potential source of copper, important reserves of ore
have been established, and at Merritt and Highland Valley two large mines are
nearing production, and in the belt trending northwesterly from Stewart potentialities
for important copper mines have been demonstrated, notably near the Leduc glacier,
on the Stikine River, and farther to the northwest. Iron exploration and discoveries
have been mainly on Vancouver, Texada, and Moresby Islands, and locally on the
Mainland coast, where prospects are best for ready shipments to an overseas market.
The importance of by-product iron, as oxide minerals and as iron sulphides occurring
with ores of other metals, is emphasized by the important magnetite and specular
hematite content of the Craigmont copper deposit, and by the preparation for production of pig iron from iron content of iron sulphide from the Sullivan mine, already
used as a source of sulphur in the manufacture of fertilizer.
Tables I, II, and III make it apparent that 1960 was a very good year in the
mineral-production history of British Columbia. Improved prices for silver, copper,
and especially for zinc, increased output of zinc, and substantially increased output
of copper* and lead brought the combined value of gold, silver, copper, lead, and
zinc to $112,800,000, a level substantially higher than in 1958 or 1959. Other
metals contributed $17,700,000 to the 1960 total, the greatest for any year to date;
iron and nickel contributed most of this increase. Industrial minerals also made
a new record with a value of almost $16,000,000; asbestos contributed more than
$11,700,000, and sulphur contributed more than $3,000,000 to the total. Structural materials contributed $18,800,000, well above the average for the decade
but somewhat below the values for 1956 to 1959. Fuels reached a new high in
1960, amounting to $14,500,000. The value for coal was the lowest in many
years, natural gas surpassed coal for the first time, and the sum of oil, natural gas,
* Copper credited to 1960 includes some carry-over from 1959 of concentrates stockpiled during the period
that the Tacoma smelter was affected by a strike.
 REVIEW OF THE MINERAL AND PETROLEUM INDUSTRIES,  1960      A  13
and natural-gas liquid by-products exceeded $9,200,000. The combined value for
all products is just short of $180,000,000 and has been exceeded only in the
year 1956.
The number of lode-mineral claims recorded in 1960 was 11,748, 1,707 less
than in 1959; the number of certificates of work issued was 13,157, 661 less than
in 1959.
Revenue to the Government, from petroleum and natural gas, amounted to
$14,116,470, including rentals, fees, and miscellaneous, $6,722,526; tender bonus,
$6,186,627; and royalties, $1,207,317. Land held for petroleum and natural gas,
under permits, leases, licences, and drilling reservations, amounted to 39,175,125
acres.
The average number employed through 1960 in placer, lode, coal, industrial-
mineral, and structural-material mining was 11,541. Major expenditures by those
branches of the industry included: salaries and wages, $50,739,204; fuel and
electricity, $7,834,728; process supplies (inclusive of explosives, chemicals, drill-
steel, lubricants, etc.), $21,496,912; Federal taxes, $11,219,585; Provincial taxes,
$2,674,997; municipal and other taxes, $2,096,872; levies for workmen's compensation (including silicosis), unemployment insurance, and other items, $2,460,054.
Dividends amounted to $20,595,943. The lode-mining industry spent $29,505,158
in freight and treatment charges on ores and concentrates. Returns from the operators indicate that in addition to the foregoing items the metal-mining and industrial-
mineral sections of the industry spent a further $4,039,170 for work done by
contract.
Information supplied by the Canadian Petroleum Association indicates that,
exclusive of expenditures for land acquisition and rentals ($12,910,000), natural-
gas plants ($79,000), and pipe-line construction ($271,000), the petroleum and
natural-gas industry spent $43,728,000 in British Columbia. The number directly
employed by forty-six operating and development companies at December 31st was
617. The $43,728,000 expenditure is broken down into: exploration, $33,956,000;
development drilling, $4,422,000; capital expenditures, field equipment, secondary
recovery, pressure-maintenance projects, etc., $2,008,000; operation of wells, flow-
lines, etc., $1,034,000; taxes, royalties, and other expenses, $2,308,000.
Statistics
The statistics of the mineral industry are collected and compiled and the statistical tables for this Report are prepared by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
Department of Industrial Development, Trade, and Commerce.
The tabulated statistics are designed to cover mineral production in quantity
and value, employment, principal expenditures of the mineral industry, and dividends paid. The data are arranged so as to facilitate comparison of the production
records for the various mining divisions, and from year to year (1951, 1958).*
* In these notes, references such as (1958) are to this section of the Report of the Minister of Mines for
the year indicated, where additional information will be found.
 A 14 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
In the current Report, Tables I and II have new forms, Table VIII has been
amalgamated with Table VII, and subsequent tables have been renumbered.
From time to time, revisions have been made to earlier figures as additional
data became available or errors came to light.
METHODS OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tables of statistics recording the mineral production of the Province for
each year are compiled from certified returns made by the operators, augmented by
some data obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint, from the operators of custom
smelters, and from the records of the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources. The values are in Canadian funds.
Weights are avoirdupois pounds and tons (2,000 lb.) and troy ounces.
Metals
Prior to 1925 the average prices for gold and copper are true average prices,
but, as a means of correcting for losses in smelting and refining, the prices of other
metals were taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the
metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent. For 1925 and
subsequent years the value has been calculated using the true average price and the
net metal contents, in accordance with the procedures adopted by the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics and the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
Placer Gold
The value of placer gold in dollars is obtained from returns received annually
from the operators (1958). A fineness of 822Vi is taken as the average for crude
placer gold (p. A 16).
Lode Metals, Gross and Net Contents, and Calculated Value
The gross contents are compiled from the returns made each year by the producers and for any metal are the total assay contents, obtained by multiplying the
assay by the weight of ore, concentrates, or bullion.
The value for each principal metal is calculated by multiplying the quantity
(gross for gold, net for silver, copper, lead, and zinc) by the average price for the
year. The net contents are calculated by taking a percentage of the gross content:
in lead ores and concentrates and zinc concentrates—silver, 98 per cent; lead, 95
per cent; zinc, 85* per cent of the total assay content; and in copper concentrates,
95 per cent of the silver and the total assay content of copper less 10 pounds per
ton of concentrates.
Other metals, including by-product metals refined in British Columbia and
iron, tin, and tungsten exported as ores and concentrates, are treated similarly,
except that quantities and values for several are as reported by shippers for sales
in the year.
Average Metal Prices
The methods of computing prices have varied because of changing conditions
(1958). The prices are now arrived at by methods given in footnotes to the table
of average prices on page A 16.
* For zinc concentrates shipped to foreign smelters the net contents are calculated as the assay content less
eight units of zinc per ton of concentrate.
 STATISTICS A 15
Fuel
Coal
All coal produced, including that used in making coke, is shown as primary
mine production (1959, tables renumbered in 1960). Washery loss and changes
in stocks, year by year, are shown in the table " Collieries of British Columbia, Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts" (p. 218).
Natural Gas
Commerial production of natural gas began in 1954. The production* shown
in Tables I, III, and VIIa is the total dry and residue gas sold; that is, the quantity
delivered to the main transmission-line. The quantity is net after deducting gas
used on leases, metering difference, and gas used or lost in the cleaning plant. The
gross well output is shown in Table 7, page 185. The quantity is reported as thousands of cubic feet at standard conditions (14.4 pounds per square inch pressure,
60° F. temperature).
Natural-gas Liquid By-products
This heading covers condensate removed from natural gas in preparation for
transmission through the main gas pipe-line. The by-products* consist of butane,
propane, and natural gasoline.
Petroleum
Production of petroleum began in 1955, and is shown* in Tables I, III, and
VIIa. The quantity is "net sales" (see Table 9, p. 189), reported in barrels (35
imperial gallons=1 barrel).
CO-OPERATION WITH DOMINION BUREAU OF STATISTICS
In the interests of uniformity and to avoid duplication of effort, beginning with
the statistics for 1925, arrangements were made between the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics and the various Provincial Departments for co-operation in the collection
and processing of mineral statistics. Producers of metals, industrial minerals,
structural materials, and coal are requested to submit returns in duplicate on forms
prepared for use by the Province and by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics.
So far as possible both organizations follow the same practice in processing
the data. The final compilation by the Dominion Bureau is usually published considerably later than the Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources
for British Columbia. When the publications are compared, some differences
became apparent. Differences in quantities of metals arise primarily from the fact
that the Dominion Bureau bases its quantities mainly on returns made by smelter
operators, whereas the British Columbia Mining Statistician uses the returns from
individual mines covering shipments in the same period. Since the arrangement
was made between the statisticians, the production of copper and zinc, and to a lesser
extent of lead, has increased in other parts of Canada. The Dominion Bureau now
uses prices for those metals that may differ from those applicable to British Columbia
production. The latter continues to be valued mainly on United States prices converted to Canadian funds. Another reason for differences in the total net value of
mineral products for British Columbia arises from the fact that the Dominion Bureau
includes peat under the classification fuel. Peat has not been regarded as mineral
or fuel in British Columbia and accordingly is not included in the Provincial statistics of mineral production.
* The figures are compiled from the monthly disposition report and Crown royalty statement filed with the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources by the producer.
 A 16
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
Average Prices Used in Valuing Provincial Production of Gold,
Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal
Year
Gold,1
Crude,
Oz.
Gold,
Fine,
Oz.
Silver,
Fine,
Oz.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
Coal,
Short
Ton
1901	
$
17.00
	
19.30
23.02
28.37
28.94
28.81
28.77
28.93
29.72
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.66
30.22
28.78
28.78
29.60
31.29
30.30
28.18
28.31
27.52
28.39
28.32
27.59
27.94
27.61
27.92
$
20.67
	
	
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
| 36.75
35.00
35.00
36.00
38.05
36.85
34.27
34.42
34.07
34.52
34.44
33.55
33.98
33.57
33.95
Cents
56.002 N.Y.
49.55
50.78
53.36
51.33
63.45  „
62.06
50.22
48.93
50.812 ,,
50.64 „
57.79 „
56.80 „
52.10
47.20  ,,
62.38
77.35
91.93
105.57
95.80  ,,
59.52  ,.
64.14
61.63
63.442 .,
69.065 „
62.107 „
56.37  „
58.176 „
52.993 ,,
38.154 „
28.700 ,,
31.671 „
37.832 „
47.461 „
64.790 ,,
45.127 „
44.881 „
43.477 ,,
40.488 ,,
38.249 „
38.261 „
41.166 ,.
45.254 ,,
43.000 ,,
47.000 „
83.650 „
72.000 „
75.000 Mont.
74.250 U.S.
80.635 „
94.55
83.157 „
83.774 „
82.982 ,,
87.851 „
89.373 „
87.057 ,,
86.448 „
87.469 „
88.633 „
Cents
16.11 N.Y.
11.70  „
13.24
12.82  „
15.59
19.28  „
20.00  „
13.20
12.98
12.738 „
12.38  „
16.341 „
15.27
13.60  „
17.28  „
27.202 „
27.18
24.63  „
18.70
17.45
12.50  „
13.38
14.42
13.02  „
14.042 „
13.795 .,
12.92
14.570 .,
18.107 .,
12.982 „
8.116 „
6.380 Lond.
7.454 ,,
7.419 „
7.795 ,,
9.477 „
13.078 „
9.972 ,,
10.092 ,.
10.086 ,,
10.086 ,,
10.086 .,
11.75  „
12.000 „
12.550 „
12.80
20.39
22.35 U.S.
19.973 „
23.428 „
27.70  „
31.079 „
30.333 „
29.112 „
38.276 „
39.787 „
26.031 ,.
23.419 ,,
27.708 „
28.985 „
Cents
2.577 N.Y.
3.66  „
3.81
3.88
4.24
4.81
4.80
3.78
3.85
4.00
3.98
4.024 „
3.93
3.50  „
4.17  ,,
6.172 „
7.91
6.67
5.19
7.16  „
4.09
5.16  „
6.54
7.287 ,,
7.848 Lond.
6.751 .,
5.256 „
4.575 ,,
5.050 „
3.927 ,,
2.710 ,.
2.113 ..
2.391 „
2.436 „
3.133 ,,
3.913 ,,
5.110 „
3.344 ,.
3.169 ..
3.362 ,,
3.362 ,.
3.362 „
3.754 ,,
4.500 ,,
5.000 „
6.750 „
13.670 ,,
18.040 „
'5.800 U.S.
14.454 „
18.4
16.121 „
13.265 „
13.680 „
14.026 ,,
15.756 ,.
14.051 „
11.755 „
11.670 „
11.589 „
Cents
$
2 679
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905     	
1906	
1907	
1908
1909      	
1910	
4.60 B. St. L.
4.90  „
5.90
4.80  „
4.40
11.25
10.88  „
7.566 ,,
6.94 ,,
6.24
6.52
3.95 „
4.86  „
5.62  „
5.39  ,.
7.892 Lond.
7.409 „
6.194 „
5.493 „
5.385 „
3.599 „
2.554 „
2.405 „
3.210 „
3.044 „
3.099 „
3.315 „
4.902 „
3.073 ,.
3.069 „
3.411 „
3.411 „
3.411 ,.
4.000 „
4.300 „
6.440 ,.
7.810 „
11.230 ,.
13.930 ,,
13.247 U.S.
15.075 ,.
19.9
15.874 „
10.675 ,.
10.417 „
12.127 „
13.278 „
11.175 ,.
10.009 „
10.978 ,,
12.557 „
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914 .     	
1915 	
1916 	
1917	
1918	
4.464
1919	
1921	
1923     	
1931	
4.018
3.795
1934 	
1935	
1937	
1940     	
1943     	
1944	
1945	
1946	
4.68
1947	
5.12
1948	
6.09
6.51
6.43
6.46
1952 	
6.94
1953 	
6.88
1954	
7.00
6.74
1956    	
6.59
6.76
1958	
1959	
7.45
7.93
1960	
6.64
1 Unrefined placer gold, average price per ounce, is taken as $17 divided by $20.67 times the price of an
ounce of fine gold.
Prices for fine gold are the Canadian Mint buying prices. Prices for other metals are those of the markets
indicated, converted into Canadian funds. The abbreviations are: Mont.=Montreal; N.Y.=New York;
Lond.=London;   E. St. L.=East St. Louis;   and U.S.=United States.
Prior to 1925 the prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but the prices of other metals were
taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per
cent;  and zinc, 85 per cent.
 Table I.—Mineral Production: Total to Date, Latest Decade, and Latest Year
Total
Quantity
to Date
Total
Value
to Date
Total
Quantity,
1951-60
Total
Value,
1951-60
Quantity,
1960
Value,
1960
Principal Metals
Gold—placer        crude oz.
„     lode  fine oz.
Silver     oz.
Copper    lb.
Lead  lb.
Zinc   lb.
Totals
5,217,363
15,709,291
423,787,442
2,978,608,709
13,198,692,739
11,067,331,405
$
96,429,421
454,584,068
258,168,462
493,736,834
983,255,240
911,825,961
95,708
2,254,414
80,335,238
363,389,994
2,972,009,442
3,989,092,438
$
2,737,180
77,608,869
69,892,002
113,366,847
417,479,699
501,495,280
3,847
205,580
7,446,237
33,064,429
333,608,699
405,438,159
$
107,418
6,979,441
6,599,823
9,583,724
38,661,912
50,910,869
39,429,202
5,126,986
26,529,727
796
1,730
6,593,888
204,632
1,724
4,163,662
52,171
6,531,353
749
1,400
731
12,699,183
16,019,324
3,197,999,986
10,004,156
8,572,352
37,958,819
32,295
420
45,477,025
88,184
32,668
10,409,609
46,198
4,473,218
30,462
134,483
1,389
9,967,208
38,663,751
3,265,215
1,182,579,877
5,980,179
3,506,995
23,306,206
1,651,786
213,009
1,778,866
112,843,187
538,482
419,628
2,525,990
Miscellaneous Metals
Antimony  lb.
Bismuth       lb.
Cadmium      lb.
Chromite —    . tons
Cobalt   lb.
16,188,551
1,642,406
13,736,707
10,292,847
Iron concentrates         tons
Magnesium  lb.
Manganese     tons
Mercury      lb.
Molybdenite (MoS2)      lb.
Nickel    ....- lb.
Palladium   . oz.
Platinum    oz.
Selenium  lb.
Tin         lb.
Tungsten (WO3)      lb.
Other   	
Totals   	
Industrial Minerals
Arsenious oxide  lb.
Asbestos   tons
Barite   tons
Bentonite        tons
D'atomite  _  - tons
Fluorspar      tons
Fluxes      — - tons
Granules       - tons
Gypsum and gypsite ....tons
Hydro-magnesite            tons
Iron oxide and ochre.. tons
Magnesium sulphate —tons
Mica            - -  lb.
Natro-alunite _ tons
Perlite      tons
Phosphate rock  tons
Sodium carbonate        tons
Sulphur     - tons
Talc — tons
Totals   	
Structural Materials
6,519,111
45,232,297
1,160,355
75
9,023
6,249,900
250
9,500
4,385,494
__
3,779,878
621,718
9,500
2,645,915
32
6,260,508
12,567,014
2,929
4,888,979
35,204,550
3,245,646
522,243
760,364
169,157,452
273,201
53,734,263
2,185,570
16,858
36,265
784,964
5,776,886
1,901,630
8,395,802
27,536
155.050
254,352
177,793
9,398
11,120
16,894
118,983
44,565,771
34,871
125,763,025
40,748
23,573
17,714,969
"11,724,077
279,716
1,430
~~ "294,559
257,067
337,200
22,019,420
185,687
172,138
791
1,619
35,341
3,607,319
143,567
1,993,372
2,253
18,108
13,894
12,572,050
522
1,112
3,842
10,492
4,280,291
1,805
185,687
114,544
"  270
53,734,263
1,966,249
6,013
44
 8-7370
19,063
107,900
947,156
114,177
1,143,798
2,483,013
1,484,205
3,057,242
122,000
3,186
2,815,300
35,474
1,112
11,120
2,136,831
24,323,245
264,697
3,095,541
118,477,207
41,386,488
99,561.672
28,878,322
27,410,655
93,779,890
8,551,135
7,010,452
87,100,824
17,604,539
56,051,333
14,224,907
16,252,269
63,742,885
1,628,576
15,992,776
2,073,708
6,432,752
1.602.019
1,075,373
7,597.278
48,859
Rock1                 	
	
	
______
Not assigned —
Totals  	
Fuels
Coal8      tons
Natural gas—
To pine-line         M s.c.f.
Liquid by-products3— —
Petroleum crude —.bbl.
Totals....	
134,513,110
210,236,655
2,691.636
306,578,614
556,860,787
14,870,507
1,487.008
5,177,439
11,779,163
210,236,655
2,691,636
169,504,509
80,907,684
14,870.507
1,487,008
5,177.439
788,658
80,115,339
838,598
18,829,989
5,242,223
7,101,949
593,648
1,531,049
   |     578,395,741  ]    ....    	
102,442.638
      I    14,468,869
Grand totals    __
1 4.370.609.000
1.667.390.873
     1 179,849,790
1 Rubble, riprap, and crushed stone.
2 Quantity from 1836 to 1909 is gross mil
subsequent years the quantity is that sold an<
3 Includes value of propane, butane, and
Table II.—To™
1836-1900        $
ie output and ir
I used,
natural-gasoline
l Value o
53,093,007
'21,928,930
131,995,328
532.582,031
'22,040,932
141,577,899
176,330,205
71,309,429
53,188,210
A
eludes material
shipments.
F PRODUCT)
1954   	
lost in picking e
on, 1836-1
nd washing.   For 1910 and
960
$153,284,471
174,711,086
190,067,465
172.331.610
146,757,699
149,560,908
179,849,790
$4,370,609,000
1901-10	
1955	
1956
1957   	
1911-20  	
1921-30	
1931-40          ;
1958
1941-50        <
1959   	
1960   	
Total
1951	
1952   	
1953       	
17
■
 A 18
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
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 A 24 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
Table VIIa.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and
Division
Period
Placer Gold
Principal
Lode Metals
Miscellaneous
Metals
Industrial
Minerals
Structural
Materials
Quantity1
Value
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
0,
$
$
33,052
511
11,692,199
$
$
$
30,104
84,361
1,613
957
1,959
732,038
6,322
1,634
2,602,277
33,136
26,418
54,700
17,278,316
174,521
45,625
53,925,891
9,398
1,059,369
Atlin                    	
39,060
1,156
37,483,344
598,453
666,212
38,905,814
22,481
562,122
20,325
100
4,616
171,420
275,669
508,675
785,135
23,730
4,772,498
10,093
24
6
20,475
240,834
662
168
466,752
847,454
47,991,149
59,647,970
1,545,086,232
2,631,335
3,098,048
41,243,942
1,040,272
3,842,662
121,108,980
900
027,878
522,243
10,069,215
43,398
43,181
467,108
7,039
8,323
88,414
162,427
907,020
643,145
4,931,647
469,398
616,916
3,942,580
110,928
225,846
249,941
4,659.368
87,066
Greenwood	
469
11,268
1,477,225
28,718
36,885
805,444
385,105
5,056
24
5
27,555
115,136
663
139
603,591
2,323,897
35,968
101,046
495,977
3,044,836
6,528,308
10,429,841
12,306,577
55,024,913
7,932,238
186,003
203,145
50,082
106
30
91,859
1,245,186
2,926
838
1,892,613
6,312
4,619,810
4,815,524
122,900,423
206,858
624,206
7,218,797
13,330.208
12,673,675
105,031,507
137,818
392,131
818,099
79
1,538,417
101,319
140,967
Nanaimo.-  .
48,350
6,363,848
10,256,879
45,373,249
685,385
712,603
40,519,872
743,072
2,645,915
4,473,218
5,129
16,020
23,302
720,338
1,322,902
1,488,055
1,555,579
31,542,990
05,799
866
0
19,300
166
3,581
30
11
11,592
88,871
994
307
243,146
04,120
107,248
120,441
672,934
2,749,324
4,716,804
64,495,835
33,799
1,589
572,717
34,818
33,916
17,345,508
250,044
237,680
50,931,845
234
36
179
52,654
IS
4,764
994
4,998
1,394,531
497
10,050
458,109
Omineca.    	
940
941
15,032,176
306,733
11,460
379,830
407,823
3,424,729
3,210,182
525
684
Revelstoke. 	
208
5
4,639
138
1,020
973,206
38,185
278,186
11,053,917
17,511
23,549
120,061,055
869,030
467,671
210,300,308
6,352,608
6,910,292
178,749,656
26,017
55,803
82,785,235
2,317,300
6,903,597
203,730,168
12,069
185,244
45,630
7,579
7
3
12,146
164,389
193
84
288,153
1,254,238
23,050
71,260
128,661
18,558
2,269,652
247,896
181,166
4,603
2
105,569
55
337,504
136,997
151,792
2,880,905
1,240,215
6,910,603
40,337
109,665
366
1
2
851
9,397
28
56
24,260
865,557
93,669
66,474
35,774
14,383
46,952
968,758
1,721,497
43,412
56,206
6,270,274
4,595,256
5,018,309
182
26
18
2,695
5,306
718
503
71,990
42,996,492
262,453
34
188,344
1,386,176
772,520
8,775,501
10,904,080
11,288,837
121,081,592
9,500
9,500
144,814
3,978
60
60
188,186
1,675,120
1,813,690
32,720,315
2,604,271
5,575,525
4,390,838
Not assigned4.. —
628
15,680
35,437
2,801,194
3,268,603
47,224,570
109,308,343
1,577,661
18,170,703
11,264,251
Total	
1959
1960
To date
7,570
3,847
5.217.363
208,973
107,418
96,429,421
93,442,599
112,735,769
3,101,570,565
11,424,134
17,714,969
169,157,452
14,028,055
15,992,776
118,477,207
19,025,209
18,829,989
306,578,614
1 Crude gold—equivalent in fine gold:  1959, 6,255 oz.; 1960, 3,164 oz.  The year of first recorded production
for the major placer-producing mining divisions was: Atlin, 1898; Cariboo, 1858; Lillooet, 1874; Quesnel, 1858.
2 Total quantity is gross mine output; it includes material discarded in picking and washing.    The quantities
shown tor 1959 and 1960 are those sold and used (see also Table VIIIc).
 STATISTICS
Total to Date, by Mining Divisions—Summary
A 25
Fuels
Coal
Quantity2
Value
Quantity
Value
Natural Gas
Direct to Pipe-line
Quantity
Liquid
Byproducts,
Value3
Division
Totals
542,422
674,042
54,756,950
3,957,498
4,618,360
225,075,320
14,995
3,319
2,293
95,449
137,240
105,499
50,108.431
416
213
2,929,544
5,453
5,417
422,698
1,122
1,161
1,194
4,655,334
59,765
31,040
21,526
658,856
1,415,971
530,154
297,781,788
3,710
2,183
11,077,084
55,318
60,448
2,650,909
8,527
9,552
19,550,951
866,109
838,598
2,691,636
1,573,228
1,531,049
5,177,439
09,959,566
80,115,339
210,236,655
3,921,583
7,101,949
14,870,507
465,063
593,648
1,487,008
690,011
788,658
142,984,813*
5,472,064
5,242,223
556,860,787
866,109
838,598
2,691,636
1,573,228
1,531,049
5,177,439
69,959,566
80,115,339
210,236,655
3,921,583
7,101,949
14,870,507
465,063
593,648
1,487,008
63,156
84,872
12,794,102
65,484
78,337
55,619.776
1,281,749
1,501,588
97,800,453
1
53
65
1,790
3
3
47
1
3
124
18
16
21
80,
4
4
126
9
12
382
14
13
208
5
7
10
142
1
218
7
182
84
6
12
253
2
6
5
118,
15,
16
231
,362
710
,681
278
231
839
142
676
887
441
385
532
270
,600
,757
008,
724
,957
175
581
990
,662
087
492
,453
,650
,875
703
37
26
122,
398
399
244,
630
646
340
38,
335
657,
49
104
317
116
648
894,
529,
171
505
119
122
,566
970
025
970
263,
154
878,
.961,
163
323,
380.
371
073
543
053
827
540
197
741
123
029
,870
871
828
084
384
818
894
717
055
329
417
658
120
468
558
831
760
,137
598
,232
.509
301
724
803
499
766
896
187
447
323
885
788
281
445
630
926
837
259
997
749
515
714
333
766
411
064
998
171
851
083
761
418
207
394
130
431
149,560,
179,849,
4,370,609
908
790
000
s Includes propane, butane, and natural gasoline.
4 Re " not assigned," see footnotes under Tables VIIb and VIIc.
Note.—For individual metals, industrial minerals, and structural materials, see Tables VIIb, VIIc, VIId,
and VIIe.
 A 26
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
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 A 28 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Table VIIc.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total
Division
Period
Antimony
Bismuth
Cadmium
Chromite
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1059
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1950
1960
To date
1050
1960
To date
1060
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
561,762
Tons
$
319,212
126
900
20
26
3,823
43,398
43,181
452,202
7,039
8,323
57,019
685,385
712,603
6,601,183
940
941
516,576
12,069
176,102
1,837
33,905
30,409
273,243
5,499
5,861
33,727
40,062
14,906
670
31,395
Kamloops __
13,466
4,321
535,457
501,833
3,878,022
734
663
261,150
104,489
15,217
8,499
103,612
9,394
3,455
316,764
136,997
151,792
2,864,612
141,890
107,020
106,896
1,594,395
31,865
8,133
115
11,237
33,065
473,365
210
14,383
46,952
968,758
Vancouver	
10,929
1,282,483
1,550,129
25,428,879
7,000
1,001,940
1,091,640
19,442,159
Not assigned2 3 *_
1,657,797
1,651,786
39,229,926
540,276
538,482
9,958,124
181,843
213,009
5,126,986
345,502
419,628
8,572,352
Totals	
1,657,797
1,651,786
39,429,202
540,276
538,482
10,004,156
181,843
213,009
5,126,986
345,502
419,628
8,572,352
1,695,821
1,778,866
26,529,727
2,170,651
2,525,990
37,958,819
796
32,295
1 Estimated manganese content of about 40 tons of ore shipped for testing purposes by Olalla Mines Ltd. in
1956.
2 Antimony assigned to individual mining divisions is the reported content of concentrates exported to
foreign smelters. Antimony " not assigned " is the antimony content of antimonial lead or of other antimony
products at the Trail smelter.
 STATISTICS
to Date, by Mining Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals
A 29
Cobalt
Q£fyn-       Value
Iron Concentrates
Quantity
Value
Magnesium
Quantity
Value
Manganese
Quantity
Value
Mercury
Quantity Value
4,058
21,167
849,248
1,156,297
6,570,971
1,200
35,968
95,851
6,363,848
10,256,879
45,373,249
204,632
88,184
1,730   |
I
849,248 I 6,363,848
1,160,355 j 10,292,847
6,593,888   I   45,477,025
204,632
Lb.
1,167
,184
10,087
5,795
4,150,892   |   10,400,259
,160
24,508
4,163,662
10,409,609
3 Cadmium assigned to individual mining divisions is the reported content of custom shipments to the Trail
smelter and to foreign smelters. Cadmium " not assigned " is the remainder of the reported estimated recovery
at the Trail smelter from British Columbia concentrates.
4 Bismuth and indium recovered at the Trail smelter are not assigned to mining divisions and may include
some metal from sources outside British Columbia.
Year of first recorded production: Antimony, 1907; bismuth, 1929; chromite, 1918; indium, 1942; iron
concentrates, 1885;   magnesium, 1941;   manganese, 1918;   mercury, 1895.
 A 30 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Table VIIc.—Production, 1959 and 1960, and Total to Date,
Division
Period
Molybdenite
(MoS2)
Nickel
Palladium
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
1959
1960
To date
1059
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1950
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
1959
1960
To date
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Cariboo     	
2,448
2,440
25,058
18,378
1,061,532
3,779,878
6,531,353
743,072
2,645,915
4,473,218
1,600
1,840
1,020
1,020
13,022
13,020
Trail Creek
9,023
9,023
9,500
9,500
Totals  	
1,061,532
3,779,878
6,531,353
743,072
2,645,915
4,473,218
9,023
52,171
9,500
46,108
749
30,462
Year of first recorded production:    Molybdenite,   1914;   nickel,   1936;   palladium,   1928;   platinum,  1887;
 STATISTICS
by Mining Divisions—Miscellaneous Metals—Continued
A 31
Platinum
Selenium
Tin
Tungsten (WO3)
Other
Value
Division
Totals
Quantity
Value
Quantity
Value
Quantity         Value
Quantity
Value
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
Lb.
$
$
$
292
360
562,122
2,299
27,698
21,431
23,730
747,443
621,718
12,699,183
627,852
522,243
9,967,208
10,059,215
	
43,181
467,108
8,323
88,414
35,968
i
79
113
32,353
37,921
6,363,848
10,256,879
45,373,249
685,385
712,603
13,739,939
33,900,311
743,072
2,645,915
4,473,218
154
2,210,892
4,697,710
15,632,176
12,069
185,244
7,784
5,687
. 1,280
128,661
128,661
731
1,389
366
331
3,177
9,500
632,933
760,364
3,265,215
47,224,570
747,443
621,718
12,699,183
627,852
522,243
9,967,208
632,933
760,364
3,265,215
11,424,134
17,714,969
1,400
134,483
731
1,389
16,019,324
38,663,751
169,157,452
selenium, 1931;   tin, 1941;   tungsten, 1937.
 A 32
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
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A 39
 A 40
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Table VIIIa.—Quantity (Gross1) and Value of Coal per Year to Date
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
Year
Tons
(2,000 Lb.)
Value
1836-59—
1860	
1861	
1862	
1863	
1864	
1865... _
1866	
1867	
1868	
1869	
1870	
1871	
1872	
1873 —
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878 _
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886 	
1887	
1888	
1889 _
1890.	
1891..	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899 _
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905..	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910   	
41,871
15,956
15,427
20,292
23,906
32,068
36,757
28,129
34,988
49,286
40,098
33,424
55,4582
55,4582
5 5,459 2
91,334
123,362
155,895
172,540
191,348
270,257
299,708
255,760
315,997
238,895
441,358
409,468
365,832
462,964
548,017
649,411
759,518
152,590
925,495
095,690
134,509
052,412
002,268
999,372
263,272
435,314
781,000
894,544
,838,621
624,742
.887,981
,044,931
126,965
,485,961
,362,514
688,672
515,944
$149,548
56,988
55,096
72,472
85,380
115,528
131,276
100,460
124,956
176,020
143,208
119,372
164,612
164,612
164,612
244,641
330,435
417,576
462,156
522,538
723,903
802,785
685,171
846,417
639,897
1,182,210
1,096,788
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,824,687
2,693,961
2,734,522
3,582,595
4,126,803
4,744,530
5,016,398
4,832,257
4,332,297
4,953,024
5,511,861
5,548,044
7,637,713
7,356,866
8,574,884
11,108,335
1911..
1912-
1913..
1914..
1915..
1916.
1917.
1918..
1919.
1920..
1921. _
1922	
1923	
1924	
1925	
1926	
1927 _
1928	
1929 _
1930	
1931	
1932	
1933	
1934 _	
1935	
1936	
1937	
1938	
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
1944	
1945	
1946 _.
1947	
1948	
1949	
1950	
1951	
1952	
1953	
1954	
1955	
1956	
1957	
1958	
1959	
1960	
,573,444
,388,795
.879,251
426,399
209,290
783,849
686,561
888,170
698,022
020,387
.877,995
,890,625
,848,146
,226,037
737,607
609,640
748,286
,829,906
521,402
113,586
912,501
,719,172
416,516
508,741
330,524
508,048
,618,051
466,559
,655,217
867,966
,018,635
,170,737
,040,253
165,676
700,914
,639,277
923,573
809,018
917,296
756,667
824,384
650,619
576,105
447,608
,484,066
589,398
221.766
882,962
757,628
844,500
Totals .
142,984,813
$8,071,747
10,786,812
9,197,460
7,745,847
7,114,178
8,900,675
8,484,343
12,833,994
11,975,671
13,450,169
12,836,013
12,880,060
12,678,548
9,911,935
12,168,905
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565,069
6,280,956
7,088,265
7,660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
8,217,966
6,454,360
6,732,470
8,680,440
9,765,395
10,549,924
10,119,303
10,169,617
9,729,739
9,528,279
9,154,544
8,986,501
9,346,518
7,340,339
5,937,860
5,472,064
5,242,223
$556,860,787
1 Gross mine output, including washery loss and coal used in making coke.
2 A combined total for 1871, 1872, and 1873 has previously been noted in Annual Reports and the above
breakdown is estimated.
 statistics a 41
Table VIIIb.—Coal Production (Gross1) by Districts and Mining Divisions
District and Mining Division
Total to Date
Period
Quantity
Value
1959
Quantity     Value
1960
Quantity      Value
Vancouver Island District
Nanaimo Mining Division	
Nicola-Princeton District
Kamloops Mining Division.....
Nicola Mining Division	
Osoyoos Mining Division	
Similkameen Mining Division
District totals	
Northern District
Cariboo Mining Division...	
Liard Mining Division 	
Omineca Mining Division	
District totals	
East Kootenay District
Fort Steele Mining Division ...
Provincial totals	
1836-1960
1893-1945
1907-1960
1926-1927
1909-1960
1893-1960
1942-1944
1923-1960
1918-1960
1918-1960
1898-1960
1836-1960
Tons
80,108,431
14,995
2,929,544
1,122
4,655,334
297,781,788
59,765
11,077,084
5,008
19,550,951
7,600,995 |   30,692,8
290
95,449
422,698
1,100
658,856
2,650,909
518,437 |     3,310,865
54,756,950
142,984,813
225,075,326
556,860,787"
Tons
149,668
416
1,161
1,415,971
3,710
87527
Tons
91,404
213
1,194
1,577
3,319
5,524 I
12,237
31,040
55,318
1,407
2,293
5,417
8,843
86,358
597,540 I 3,957,498
743,979
757,628     5,472,064
844,500
530,154
2,183
9,552
11,735
21,526
60,448
7,710 |       81,974
4,618,360
5,242,223
3 Gross mine output, including washery loss and coal used in making coke.
 Table VIIIc.—Quantity1 and Value of Coal Sold and Used,2 1950-60
Year
District and
Mining Division
Total
Sales2*
Used
under
Companies'
Boilers2t
Used in
Making
Coke2J
Total Sold
and Used2
District Totals,
1960
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1950
1957
1958
1959
1960
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1950
195 7
1958
1959
1960
1950
1051
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
1058
1959
1960
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1950
1957
1958
1959
1960
1050
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1950
1957
1958
1959
19S0
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
195 0
1957
1958
1959
1960
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1950
1957
1958
1959
1960
Vancouver Island.
Nanaimo	
Nicola-Princeton.
Nicola	
Similkameen..
Northern..
Liard...
East Kootenay..
Port Steele...
Provincial totals..
Tons
472,690
391,687
267.340
204,931
181,534
173,861
172,140
163,574
3 53,892
136,879
103,231
899
1,139
1,040
1,256
1,259
1,170
1,081
543
416
213
16,784
3,941
6,306
7,047
29,713
73,475
72,102
17,690
146
1,161
1,194
127250
3,199
3,854
4,815
4,359
3,650
4,642
2,758
3,194
3.319
2,293
13,037
27,904
37.270
42,079
36,572
30.015
8,553
4.991
4,677
5,453
5,417
825,315
889.669
822,071
878.865
820,081
803,125
890.100
677,534
401,875
358,682
472,782
1,341,201
1,317,299
1,137,980
1,138,777
1,073,515
1,085,385
1,148,707
867,634
564,327
505,910
587,130
Tons
4,329
3,425
2,986
1,798
536
465
389
439
404
361
268
15,196
15,977
15,813
12,729
15,310
16,560
19,518
17,830
7,274
10,813
13,800
19,587
19,402
18,799
14,547
15,846
17,025
19,907
18,269
7,678
11,174
14,068
213,218
236.871
245,528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
224,408
172,927
187,460
213,218
236,871
245,528
230,814
218,923
230,464
248,595
199,754
224,408
172,927
187,460
Tons
'477,619
395,112
270,332
206.729
182,070
174,320
172,529
164,013
154,296
137,240
105,499
1,125
899
1,139
1,040
1,256
1,259
1,170
1,081
543
416
213
16,784
3,941
6,306
7,047
29,713
73,475
72.102
17,696
146
1,161
1,194
"127256
3,199
3,854
4,835
4,359
3,650
4,642
2,758
3,194
3.319
2,293
13.099
27,904
37,270
42,079
36,572
30,015
8,553
4,991
4,677
5,453
5,417
1,653,729
1,142,517
1,083,412
1,122,408
1.054,314
1,050,149
1,158,213
895,118
633,557
542,422
674,042
1,574,006
1,573,572
1,402,313
1.384,138
1,308,284
1,332,874
1,417,209
1,085.657
796,413
090,011
788,658
,060
486
.749
,059
,029
769
,629
,849
.615
415
530
337
615
206
828
099
682
168
306
,470
971
154
11
10
12
12
. 12
11
5
3.
2
87
28
48
51
138,
379
366,
92,
1,
8,
9,
,926
,640
,493
,400
,769
,904
092
,615
919
710
,183
,483
,094
,760
,012
080
511
820
748
122
527
552
26
42
50
33
32
38
28
28
31,
21,
104
206
285
324
292
227
71
47,
44,
55,
60,
.258
095
606
,895
079
,850
,211
,421
,738
040
526
.790
.799
,732
,986
,862
010
,234
,414
972
318
448
774
413
591
031
648
564
228
310
241
957
618
119
169
729
528
154
986
346
340
937
472
242
509
374
942
158
655
544
993
835
619
498
360
303
617
739
279
544
501
518
339
860
064
223
Tons
105,499
$
530,154
1,407
7,710
674,042
11,735
81,97-'
788,658      5,242,223
1 For differences between gross mine output and coal sold refer to table " Production and Distribution by
Collieries and by Districts " in section headed " Coal " or " Coal-mining " in Annual Reports of the Minister
of Mines.
2 The totals " sold and used " include:—
* Sales to retail and wholesale dealers, industrial users, and company employees.
f Coal used in company boilers, including steam locomotives.
t Coal used in making coke.
A 42
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§1
 A 44
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1960
Dividends Paid during 1959 and 1960
1959 I960
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd        $603,905 $638,940
Cassiar Asbestos Corporation Ltd       1,980,000 2,376,000
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of
Canada, Ltd.      13,104,262 16,380,344
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd          372,708 372,708
Highland-Bell Ltd            78,293 156,986
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd          292,250 467,600
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd       150,000
Others              12,863 53,365
Totals   $16,444,281 $20,595,943
Dividends Paid Yearly, 1917 to 1960, Inclusive
Year Amount Paid
1917  $3,269,494
1918  2,704,469
1919  2,494,28 3
1920  1,870,296
1921   736,629
1922  3,174,756
1923  2,983,570
1924  2,977,276
1925  5,853,419
1926  8,011,137
1927  8,816,681
1928  9,572,536
1929  11,263,118
1930  10,543,500
1931  4,650,857
1932  2,786,958
1933  2,471,735
1934  4,745,905
1935  7,386,070
1936  10,513,705
1937  15,085,293
1938  12,068,875
1939  11,865,698
Year Amount Paid
1940  $14,595,530
1941  16,598,110
1942  13,627,104
1943  11,860,159
1944  11,367,732
1945  10,487,395
1946 .  15,566,047
1947  27,940,213
1948  37,672,319
1949  33,651,096
1950  34,399,330
1951  40,921,23 8
1952  32,603,956
1953  22,323,089
1954  25,368,262
1955  35,071,583
1956  36,262,682
1957  24,247,420
1958  14,996,123
1959  16,444,281
1960  20,595,943
Total  $642,445,872
 STATISTICS
A 45
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1960—Continued
Lode-gold Mines1
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Arlington _ 	
Athabasca 	
Bayonne 	
Bralorne Mines Ltd.2 	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd.2.
Belmont-Surf Inlet	
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd..
Cariboo-McKinney Con. M. & M. Co..
Erie  —	
Nelson  	
Tye Siding._ 	
Bridge River 	
Bridge River 	
Princess Royal Island..
Wells	
Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico)..
Centre Star	
Fairview Amalgamated..
Camp McKinney..
Nelson  _
Rossland	
Oliver	
Fern Gold Mining & Milling Co. Ltd..
Gold Belt Mining Co. Ltd 	
Goodenough (leasers)..
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines Ltd..
Island Mountain Mines Ltd	
I.X.L 	
Jewel-Denero.   	
Kelowna Exploration Co. Ltd. (Nickel Plate)..
Kelowna Mines Hedley Ltd	
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines Ltd.- 	
Le Roi Mining Co  	
Le Roi No. 2 Ltd 	
Lome (later Bralorne) 	
Motherlode  	
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines Ltd 	
Nickel Plate (Hedley Gold Mining Co. Ltd.)...
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd.2  	
Poorman	
Nelson	
Sheep Creek..
Ymir _...
Hedley	
Wells	
Rossland	
Greenwood—
Hedley _.
Hedley	
Sheep Creek...
Rossland	
Rossland	
Bridge River-
Sheep Creek...
Zeballos __
Hedley	
Bridge River-
Nelson	
Premier Gold Mining Co. Ltd.
Privateer Mine Ltd 	
Queen (prior to Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.).
Relief Arlington Mines Ltd. (Second Relief)	
Reno Gold Mines Ltd 	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Ltd.7-  	
Silbak Premier Mines Ltd  - 	
Spud Valley Gold Mines Ltd 	
Sunset No. 2   	
Premier	
Zeballos—	
Sheep Creek-
Erie 	
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines Ltd..
War Eagle  	
Ymir Gold ._ _    	
Ymir Yankee Girl	
Miscellaneous mines..
Sheep Creek-
Sheep Creek-
Premier	
Zeballos _
Rossland	
Surf Inlet	
Rossland	
Ymir	
Ymir	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold..	
Gold.-	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold-copper
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold-copper
Gold-copper.
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold	
Gold 	
Gold	
Gold-copper
Gold	
Gold-copper.
Gold._.	
Gold	
Gold.	
Total, lode-gold mines..
$94,872
25,000
25,000
,760,125
,242,845
,437,500
,679,976
565,588
37,500
472,255
5,254
9,375
668,5953
13,731
,290,553
,491,236»
134,025
11,751
,040,000
780,000*
357,856
,475,000
,574,640
20,450
163,500
165,000
,423,191
,048,914
25,000
,858,075 B
,914,183
98,674
308,000s
,433,6403
,609,375'
,425,0005
168,000
115,007
120,279
,245,250
300,000
415,002'
108,623
$79,157,840
1 The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
2 Early in 1959 Bralorne Mines Ltd. and Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. were merged under the name of
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd., and dividend payments for 1959 and subsequent years are entered under the new
company listing.
3 Includes " return of capital " and " liquidating " payments.
4 Former Kelowna Exploration Company Limited;  changed in January, 1951.
B Up to and including 1936, dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company Limited were derived from
operations of the company in British Columbia. Subsequent dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company
Limited have been derived from the operations of subsidiary companies in British Columbia and elsewhere and
are not included in the figure given. In 1936, Silbak Premier, a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company,
took over the former gold operations of that company in British Columbia. Dividends paid by Silbak Premier
are given above.
6 In several years, preceding 1953, company revenue has included profits from operations of the Lucky Jim
zinc-lead mine.
7 Since March, 1956, company name is Sheep Creek Mines Ltd.
 A 46
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1960—Continued
Silver-Lead-Zinc Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Antoine   	
Base Metals Mining Corporation Ltd.  (Monarch and Kicking Horse)	
Beaverdell-Wellington	
Beaver Silver Mines Ltd... 	
Bell	
Bosun (Rosebery-Surprise)	
Canadian Exploration Ltd 	
Capella      _
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd   	
Couverapee	
Duthie Mines Ltd...   	
Florence Silver 	
Giant Mascot Mines Ltd	
Goodenough 	
H.B. Mining Co    	
Highland Lass Ltd     _
Highland-Bell Ltd 	
Horn Silver  	
Idaho-Alamo „ 	
Iron Mountain (Emerald) 	
Jackson	
Last Chance  	
Lone Bachelor   	
Lucky Jim—   	
Mercury        	
Meteor 	
Monitor and Ajax  —	
Mountain Con _ 	
McAllister    	
Noble Five..   -  	
North Star      	
No. One    	
Ottawa  — 	
Payne —   	
Providence  	
Queen Bess        	
Rambler-Cariboo 	
Reeves MacDonald Mines Ltd	
Reco     	
Ruth Mines Ltd _ 	
St. Eugene   	
Sheep Creek Mines Ltd. 	
Silversmith and Slocan Star4  	
Silver Standard Mines Ltd	
Spokane-Trinket.	
Standard Silver Lead ..   — _	
Sunset and Trade Dollar  	
Sunshine Lardeau Mines Ltd 	
Torbrit Silver Mines Ltd— 	
Utica-        	
Violamac Mines (B.C.) Ltd	
Wallace Mines Ltd. (Sally)	
Washington   _
Western Exploration Co. Ltd.- 	
Whitewater  	
Yale Lead and Zinc Mines Ltd	
Miscellaneous mines ,— -
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines 	
Rambler-
Field-	
Beaverdell	
Greenwood—
Beaverdell	
New Denver..
Salmo	
New Denver..
Trail..
Field-
Smithers	
Ainsworth	
Spillimacheen..
Cody	
Hall Creek..	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell	
Similkameen	
Sandon	
Salmo	
Retallack	
Three Forks..
Sandon	
Three Forks..
Sandon	
Slocan City—
Three Forks..
Cody-
Three Forks..
Cody 	
Kimberley	
Sandon	
Slocan City._
Sandon	
Greenwood-
Alamo —
Rambler	
RemaC—	
Cody 	
Sandon	
Moyie	
Invermere.	
Sandon	
Ainsworth .
Silverton.—
Retallack—
Beaton	
Alice Arm.
Kaslo	
New Denver	
Beaverdell	
Rambler Station._
Silverton	
Retallack	
Ainsworth	
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zmc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
Silver-lead-zinc.
$10,000
586,1431
97,200
48,000
388,297
25,000
11,175,400
5,500
498,280,9852
5,203
50,000
35,393
179,263
45,668
8,904
132,464
1,789,890
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,000
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257
70,500
71,387
45,088
72,859
497,901
6,754
110,429
1,438,000
142.2383
25,000
467,250
3,097,850
334,992
125,490
566,000
243,750
1,267,600
1,715,333
10,365
2,734,688
88,000
164,000
390,000
64,000
850,000
135,000
20,000
30,867
592,515
278,620
70,239
$529,395,282
1 Includes $466,143 " return of capital" distribution prior to 1949.
2 Earnings of several company mines, and custom smelter at Trail.
3 Includes $10,504 paid in 1944 but not included in the yearly figure.
4 These two properties were amalgamated as Silversmith Mines Limited in August, 1939.
 STATISTICS A 47
Table X.—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1960—Continued
Copper Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Britannia M. & S. Co.1	
Canada Copper Corporation .
Cornell  _	
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co.2
Marble Bay 	
Hall Mines  	
Miscellaneous mines	
Total, copper mines.
Britannia Beach	
Greenwood	
Texada Island	
Copper Mountain..
Texada Island	
Nelson.— —
Copper..
Copper...
Copper...
Copper-
Copper...
Copper...
Copper...
$18,803,772
615,399
8,500
29,873,226
175,000
233,280
261,470
$49,970,647
1 The Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Howe Sound Company
(Maine), paid the dividends shown to its parent company. On June 30th, 1958, consolidation between the Howe
Sound Company (Maine) and Haile Mines Inc. became effective, bringing into existence Howe Sound Company
(Delaware). The Britannia mine became a division of the new Howe Sound Company, and in August Britannia
Mining and Smelting Co. was liquidated voluntarily.
2 The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company dividends commenced in 1904 and cover
all company activities in British Columbia to date. The figure includes all dividends, capital distributions,
and interim liquidating payments, the latter being $4,500,000, paid, in 1936, prior to reorganization.
Coal Mines
Company or Mine
Locality
Class
Amount
Paid
Nanaimo 	
Coal	
$16,000,000
24,000
17,464,614
828,271
Rnlkley Valley Cnlliprips T.td.
Coal 	
Coal	
Coal.  - ..
$34,316,885
Aggregate of All Classes
Lode-gold mining  $79,157,840
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting  529,395,282
Copper-mining   49,970,647
Coal-mining   34,316,885
Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold  12,044,533
Total   $704,885,187
Note.—The term " miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under,
together with payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
 A 48
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Table XL—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for
Operations of All Classes
Class
Salaries and
Wages
Fuel and
Electricity
Process
Supplies
33,311,121
4,929
3,326,430
2,004,3861
6,571,078
5,521,260
$4,051,311
$16,069,452
410
324,907
194,9391
1,245,469
2,018,102
442,922
,,  —petroleum and natural gas	
Miscellaneous metals and industrial minerals  	
1,943,2991
2,066,063
974,766
50,739,204
$49,961,996
48,933,560
56,409,056
57,266,026
51,890,246
48.702,746
55,543,490
62,256,631
52,607,171
42,738,035
41,023,786
38,813,506
32,160,338
26,190,200
22,620,975
23,131,874
26,051,467
20,913,160
26,050,491
23,391,330
22,357,035
22,765,711
21,349,690
17,887,619
16,753,367
$7,834,728
$7,677,321
8,080,989
8,937,507
9,762,777
9,144,034
7,128,669
8,668,099
8,557,845
7,283,051
6,775,998
7,206,637
6,139,470
5,319,470
5,427,458
7,239,726
5,788,671
7,432,585
7,066,109
3,776.747
3,474,721
3,266,000
3,396,106
3,066,311
2,724,144
2,619,639
$21,496,912
Totals, 1959                        	
$17,371,638
1958
15,053,036
1957    .. .                     .         - 	
24,257,177
1956   ...           	
22,036,839
1955         -
1954                              	
21,131,572
19,654,724
1953  	
1952  	
20,979,411
27,024,500
1951                                — .    	
24,724,101
1950    ..                     	
17,500,663
1949                                         -
17,884,408
1948   ...                         	
11,532,121
1947                                 _    -
13,068,948
1946 	
1945                                  	
8,367,705
5,756,628
1944   	
6,138,084
1943     -	
1942	
1941 — 	
1940 -
6,572,317
6,863,398
7,260,441
6,962,162
1939                      _ -	
6,714,347
1938      	
1937  . 	
1936	
6,544,500
6,845,330
4,434,501
1935 	
4,552.730
Grand totals, 1935-60 	
$964,508,710
$163,794,570
$350,728,193
1 Figures for the petroleum and natural-gas industry are based on returns made on Dominion Bureau of
Statistics forms by twenty-eight operators out of fifty-three listings. The sum of the expenditures by those operators for salaries and wages, fuel and electricity, and process supplies amounts to $4,142,624. The Canadian
Petroleum Association supplied figures1 indicating total expenditures by the petroleum and natural-gas industry in
British Columbia in 1960, amounting to $56,988,000. Of this sum, approximately $3,960,000 is indicated as for
salaries and wages; no figures are given for fuel and electricity or process supplies. The total expenditure includes
large items for geological and geophysical exploration, drilling, pipe-lines, construction, and capital expenditures,
presumably done mainly by contractors and therefore not reflected in the figure $4,142,624 derived from individual returns. It should be noted that the $56,988,000 includes some $13,260,000 for land acquisition and
rentals, natural-gas plants, and pipe-line construction. Comparable expenditures by other branches of the
mineral industry are not shown in the above tabulation.   See last paragraph of review, page A 13.
Note.—" Process Supplies " include explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.
 STATISTICS A 49
Table XII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry,1 1901-60
J
a
1
<U
U
£
s
Lode-mining
U
O
H
C
aj
u
e
o
0
a
DQ
U
6
CO
C
Coal-mining
Structural
Materials
II
Year
•a
3
>
o
<
73
1
u
C
OJ
>
o
<
o
H
Si3
"ES
an
to
I
5.
o
1901   	
2,736
2,219
1,662
2,143
2,470
2,680
2,704
2,567
2,184
2,472
2,435
2,472
2,773
2,741
1,212
1,126
1,088
1,163
1,240
1,303
1,239
1,127
1,070
1,237
1,159
1,364
1,505
1,433
1,435
2,036
2,198
1,764
1,746
1,605
975
1,239
1,516
1,680
2,840
1,735
1,916
2,469
2,052
1,260
834
900
1,335
1,729
1,497
1,840
1,818
2,266
2,050
2,104
1,823
1,504
1,699
1,825
1,750
1,817
2,238
2,429
2,724
2,416
3,695
3,923
2,589
2,520
2,553
2,827
2,447
3,948
	
3,041
3,101
3,137
3,278
3,127
3,415
2,862
4,432
4,713
5,903
5,212
5,275
4,950
4,267
3,708
3,694
3,760
3,658
4,145
4.191
931
910
1,127
1.175
1,280
1,390
907
1,641
1,705
1,855
1,661
1,855
1,721
1,465
1,283
1,366
3,974
	
493
647
412
492
843
460
536
376
377
536
931
724
900
652
827
766
842
673
690
921
827
977
1,591
2,120
1,916
1,783
1,530
1,909
1,861
1,646
1,598
1,705
1,483
1,357
1,704
	
324
138
368
544
344
526
329
269
187
270
288
327
295
311
334
413
378
326
351
335
555
585
656
542
616
628
557
559
638
641
770
625
677
484
557
124
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
360
754
825
938
369
561
647
422
7,922
1902   	
3
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
*
s
i
3
2
2
3
4
5
4
4
5
4
3
2
2
3
4
4
4
5
6
5
6
5
4
4
3
3
3
5
5
5
5
7
8
5
5
S
5
4
1
345
750
306
710
983
943
694
254
709
594
837
278
174
144
393
488
390
259
679
330
749
618
033
138
341
587
176
978
576
297
255
121
525
237
799
421
115
955
027
724
424
093
721
683
735
262
572
758
814
480
094
734
164
117
464
840
728
698
741
4
4
4
4
4
3
G
0
7
0
7
0
5
4
5
011
264
453
407
805
769
073
418
758
873
130
671
732
991
060
170
247
966
349
885
644
149
418
443
322
225
334
028
645
082
608
094
893
971
814
153
962
976
874
723
360
851
839
430
305
425
466
306
261
925
681
550
434
478
366
380
086
056
7,356
7,014
7,759
1905  	
8,117
8,788
1907  	
7,712
1909   	
9,767
9,672
11,467
1912  	
10,467
10,967
1913	
10,949
1914	
9,906
1915	
|2.709
|3,357
|3,290
 |2,626
|2,513
|2,074
|1,355
|1,510
|2,102
|2,353
|2,298
29912,606
415|2,671
355|2,707
34112,926
42512,316
688|1,463
874|1,355
l,134[l,786
1,122|2,796
1,291|2,740
1,124|2,959
1,371|3,603
1,30313,849
1,25213,905
1,00413,923
939|3.901
489J2.920
21212,394
25511,896
209|1,933
34711,918
36013.024
34813,143
30313,034
32713,399
20513,785
23014,171
132|3,145
19912,644
10312,564
10512,637
67|2,393
7511,919
99|1,937
8611.780
9,135
1916	
10,453
1917   	
1,410|5
1,769|5
1.821J5
2,15816
10,658
1918	
1919   	
9,637
10,225
1920  	
10,028
1921	
 1	
 1	
4,722[2,163[6
4,71211,93216
9,215
1922	
9,393
1923	
808
854
911
966
832
581
542
531
631
907
720
1,168
919
996
1,048
1,025
960
891
849
822
672
960
1,126
1,203
1,259
1,307
1,516
1,371
1,129
1,091
1,043
838
2,461
2,842
2,748
2,948
3,197
3,157
2,036
2,436
2,890
2,771
2,678
3,027
3,158
3,187
2,944
3,072
3,555
2,835
2,981
2,834
2,813
3,461
3,884
3.763
3,759
4,044
4,120
3,901
3,119
3,304
3,339
3,328
4,342
3,894
3,828
3,757
3,646
3,814
3,675
1,807
1,524
1,615
1,565
1,579
1,520
1,353
6
5
5
5
5
5
5
4
4
3
3
2
2
2
3
o
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
9,767
1924   	
9,451
1925   	
10,581
1926   	
14,172
1927	
14,830
1928	
15.424
1929	
15,565
1930	
3,389|1,256
2,95711,125
2,628|    980
2,241|    853
2,050|   843
2.145J    826
2,015|    799
2,286|    867
2,088|    874
2,167|    809
2.175J    699
2,229|   494
1,892|    468
2,240|    611
2,150|    689
1,927|    503
14,032
1931	
12,171
1932	
10,524
1933	
11,369
1934	
12,985
1935	
13,737
1936         .
14,179
1937   	
16,129
1938   	
16,021
1939	
15,890
1940  	
15,705
1941                 	
15,084
262
13,270
1943                 	
567
628
586
679
869
754
1944	
12 314
1945   	
11,820
1946    	
11 933
1947                 	
1,694
1,594
1,761
1,745
1,462
1,280
1,154
1,076
1,100
731
872
545
516
463
401
396
358
378
398
14,899
1948                      	
16 307
1949 	
626|16,621
1950   	
660|16,612
1951	
491|17,863
1952	
1953    	
529|18,257
634J15.790
584|14,12e
722|14,102
854J14.539
474[13,257
446|11 201
1954    ..                         	
1955    	
1956 	
1957	
360
1958   	
826|   260
1959   	
1,76113
459)10,779
19G0	
1
1 Mining industry includes all branches of the mineral industry except petroleum and natural gas.
2 The average number employed in the industry is the sum of the averages for individual companies. The
average for each company is obtained by taking the sum of the numbers employed each month and dividing by
12, regardless of the number of months worked.
 A 50
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
Table XIII.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines,
Net and Gross Value,4 1901-60
Year
Tonnage1
Number
of
Shipping
Mines
Number
of Mines
Shipping
over 100
Tons
Gross Value
as Reported
by Shipper2
Freight
and
Treatment2
Net Value
to
Shipper3
Gross
Value of
Lode
Metals
Produced4
1901	
926,162
1,009,016
1,288,466
1,461,609
1,706,679
1,963,872
1,805,614
2,083,606
2,057,713
2,216,428
1,770,755
2,688,532
2,663.809
2,175,971
2,720,609
3,229,942
2,797,368
2,912,516
2,146,920
2,215,445
1,586,428
1,592,163
2,447,672
3,413,912
3,849,269
4,775,327
5,416,411
6,241,672
6,977.903
6,804,276
5,549,622
4,354,904
4.063,775
5,141,744
4,927,204
4,381,173
6,145,244
7,377.117
7,212,171
7,949,736
8,007,937
6,894,844
5,786,864
4,879,851
4,377,722
3,705,594
5,011,271
5,762,321
6,125,460
6,802,482
6,972,400
9,174,617
9,6G0,2S1
8,513,865
9,126,902
8,827,037
7,282,436
6,402,198
6,990,985
8,242,703
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
168
185
211
217
216
200
126
48
51
36
50
75
97
118
112
119
95
80
63
53
70
59
57
60
67
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
51
58
56
59
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
32
22
29
47
69
72
70
113
92
99
92
96
76
32
31
27
32
33
51
54
58
64
58
48
40
34
40
40
28
44
31
11,579,382
1904	
15,180,164
17,484,102
16,222,097
14,477,411
14,191 141
13,228,731
11,454 063
1911	
17,602,766
1914     	
15,225 061
1915	
19,992,149
31,483 014
26,788 474
1918   ...
27,595,278
19,756,648
19,451,725
12,925,448
19,228,257
25,348,399
35,538,247
46,200,135
$38,558,613
27,750,364
29,070,075
34,713,887
21,977,688
10,513,931
7,075,393
13,976,358
20,243,278
25,407,914
30,051,207
43,954,077
35,278,483
40,716,869
43,670,298
46,681,822
45,199,404
33,293,703
26,449,408
31,383,625
46,016,841
70,311,087
100,128,727
79,814,604
86,751,361
117,493,684
106,601,451
66,739,892
77,088,160
88,343,241
93,110,262
65,370,185
54,955,069
65,208,728
85,346,923
51.508,031
44,977,082
48,281,825
51.720,436
41,292,980
1931   ..
22.900,229
1932  ...
19,705,043
25,057,007
34,071,955
1935
40,662,633
43,813,898
1937	
$48,617,920
40.222,237
45,133,788
50,004,909
52,354,870
50,494,041
37,234,070
29,327,114
34,154,917
48,920,971
81,033,093
118,713.859
99,426,678
108,864,792
142,590,427
140,070.389
94,555,069
106,223,833
119,039,285
125,043,590
95,644,930
83,023,111
92,287,277
114,852,061
$4,663,843
4,943,754
4,416,919
6,334,611
5,673,048
5,294,637
3,940,367
2,877,706
2,771,292
2,904,130
4,722,010
18,585,183
19,613.185
22,113,431
25,096,743
30,444,575
27,815,152
29,135,673
30,696,044
31,933,681
30,273,900
28,068,396
27,079,911
29,505,158
62,950,536
1938	
53,878,093
1940	
53,554,092
61,735,604
1941	
62,607,882
1942	
1943	
1944	
59,694,192
52,651,868
39,369,738
1945	
48,724,001
1946	
56,653,485
1947	
1948	
93,124,847
121,696,891
1949	
107,775,413
1950	
113,464,619
1951	
147,646,989
144,151,515
123,619,837
120,829,789
138,145,095
1956  	
143,546,586
119,409,764
1958   	
100,591,049
1959	
100,549,519
1960    	
125,674,531
1 Includes ores of iron, mercury, nickel, tungsten, and silica (flux).
2 Data not collected before 1937.
3 Previous to 1937 the shipper reported " Net Value at Shipping Point," no indication being given as to how
the net value was computed. From 1937 on, the shipper has reported " Gross Value," from which deduction of
freight and treatment gives " Net Value."
4 Gross value calculated by valuing gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury (1938-44, 1955), and nickel
(1936-37, 1958-60) at yearly average prices, and iron (1901-03, 1907, 1918-23, 1928, 1948-60) and tungsten
(1939-45, 1947-58) at values given by operators.
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PS
 A 56
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Table XV.—Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten
or More Persons during I9601
Name of Mine or Operator
Days
Operating
Tons
Average Number
Employed
Mine
Mill
Mined
Milled
Mine
Mill
Shipping Mines
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. Ltd	
Sullivan (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.).     	
284
253
308
260
240
357
365
365
242
366
366
252
282
124
253
365
280
258
365
245
310
296
365
254
360
274
357
365
334
242
366
366
356
366
109
356
281
219
365
226
310
347
39,113
2,522,554
195,702
4,370
18,204
201,497
346,638
153,482
50,163
464,408
364,424
411,282
13,553
15,532
255,571
6,227
409,751
66,419
250,261
1,046,989
479,250
869,873
39,113
2,522,554
195,702
       _
18,204
201,497
346,638
153,482
50,163
464,408
364,424
411,282
13,553
15,532
255,571
102
933
87
15
41
20
44
366
99
108
153
96
14
29
165
20
165
44
137
110
36
197
115
22
30
40
22
9
323
11
Highland-Bell Ltd       _	
5
Mother Lode (Consolidated Woodgreen Mines Ltd.)~
18
12
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd. (Bralorne Division)	
Bralorne Pioneer Mines Ltd. (Pioneer Division)	
H.B. (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)   	
24
14
13
10
25
8
4
18
409,751
66,419
250,261
1,046,989
479,250
867,736
18
9
Giant Nickel Ltd.                      .       ~          -	
22
Empire Development Co. Ltd. and Mannix Co. Ltd.
10
38
37
Non-shipping Mines
Craigmont Mines Ltd. and Kie Mine Co. Ltd.  	
Duncan Group (Cons. M. & S. Co. of Canada Ltd.)—..
	
	
	
1 The average number employed includes wage-earners and salaried employees.   The average is obtained by
adding the monthly figures and dividing by 12, irrespective of the number of months worked.
 Departmental Work
ADMINISTRATION BRANCH
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the Provincial laws regarding the acquisition of rights to mineral and to coal, petroleum and
natural gas, and deals with other departments of the Provincial service for the
Department or for any branch.
Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-Mining Recorders, whose
duties are laid down in the Mineral Act and the Placer-mining Act, administer these
Acts and other Acts relating to mining. Mining Recorders, in addition to their
own functions, may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners
with regard to mineral claims within the mining division for which they have been
appointed. Similar duties may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to
placer claims but not in respect of placer-mining leases. Recording of location and
of work upon a mineral claim as required by the Mineral Act and upon a placer
claim or a placer-mining lease as required by the Placer-mining Act must be made at
the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the claim or lease
is located. Information concerning claims and leases and concerning the ownership
and standing of claims and leases in any mining division may be obtained from the
Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated or from
the Department's offices at Victoria, and Room 101, 739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. Officials in the offices of the Gold Commissioner at Victoria and the Gold
Commissioner at Vancouver act as Sub-Mining Recorders for all mining divisions.
Sub-Mining Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are appointed at various places
throughout the Province. They are authorized to accept documents and fees, and
forward them to the office of the Mining Recorder for the correct mining division.
Officials and their offices in various parts of the Province are listed in the table on
page A 58.
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)
The transcripts of all recordings made in Mining Recorders' offices throughout
the Province are sent to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner in Victoria twice
each month, and include the names of lessees of reverted surveyed mineral claims.
These records and maps showing the approximate positions of mineral claims held
by record and of placer-mining leases may be consulted by the public during office
hours at Victoria and at the office of the Gold Commissioner at Vancouver, Room
101, 739 West Hastings Street. The maps conform in geographical detail, size,
and number to the reference and mineral reference maps issued by the Legal Surveys Branch of the Department of Lands and Forests, and the approximate positions
of mineral claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are plotted from details
supplied by the locators. Provision has been made to supply the general public,
on request to the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner, with copies of the maps.
The charge for these maps is $1 plus 5 per cent tax for each sheet.
A 57
 a 58 mines and petroleum resources report, 1960
List of Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders in the Province
Mining Division
Location of Office
Gold Commissioner
Mining Recorder
T. G. O'Neill...	
T. R. McKinnon	
F. E. P. Hughes	
R. H. Archibald .               	
T. G. O'Neill.
Atlin
Atlin
T. R. McKinnon.
Quesnel	
F. E. P. Hughes.
R. H. Archibald.
Fort Steele
E. L. Hedley —	
E. L. Hedley.
Golden ...
Grand Forks	
Kamloops	
Victoria.                  .   .
Lillooet	
R. E. Manson 	
R. Macgregor	
D. Dalgle'sh 	
R. H. McCrimmon.
E. B. Offin	
Kamloops 	
D. Dalgleish.
E. B. Offin.
W. H. Cochrane.
Nelson 	
New Westminster
K   n  Mi-Rap
K. D. McRae.
T   F  Mr-Donald
G. C. Kimberley.
T. S. Dobson 	
G. H. Beley 	
T. S. Dobson.
G. H. Beley.
Osoyoos                      . .
Penticton  _
T. S. Dalby       	
T. S. Dalby.
W. T. McGruder	
W. T. McGruder.
Prince Rupert  _.
Kaslo 	
T. H. W. Harding  	
W. E. McLean	
T. H. W. Harding.
W. E. McLean.
Trail frn-v
W. L. Draper 	
J. Egdell ,	
G. F. Forbes .... 	
R. H. McCrimmon -   	
W. L. Draper.
Miss S. Hyham (Deputy).
Vernon 	
G. F. Forbes.
E. J. Bowles.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK
A 59
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13  o
 A 60 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Coal, Petroleum, and Natural Gas
The Administration Branch is responsible for the administration of the
Petroleum and Natural Gas Act and for the Coal Act. Information concerning
applications for permits and leases issued under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act
and concerning the ownership and standing of them may be obtained upon application to the office of the Chief Commissioner, Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Similar information may be obtained respecting licences
and leases issued under the Coal Act. Maps showing the locations of permits and
leases under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Act are available, and copies may be
obtained upon application to the office of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, Victoria, B.C. Monthly reports listing additions and revisions to permit-
location maps and listing changes in title to permits, licences, and leases and related
matters are available from the office of the Chief Commissioner upon application
and payment of the required fee.
T . Coal Revenue, 1960
Licences—
Fees    $725.00
Rental  9,897.95
  $10,622.95
Leases—
Fees    $ 100.00
Rental      343.95
Cash in lieu of work      400.00
  843.95
$11,466.90
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A 61
 A 62
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
ANALYTICAL AND ASSAY BRANCH
By S. W. Metcalfe, Chief Analyst and Assayer
Rock Samples
During 1960 the chemical laboratory in Victoria issued reports on 1,842
samples from prospectors* and Departmental engineers. A laboratory examination
of a prospector's sample generally consists of the following: (1) A spectrographic
analysis to determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages; (2)
assays for precious metals and for base metals shown by the spectrographic analysis
to be present in interesting percentages. The degree of radioactivity is measured
on all samples submitted by prospectors and Departmental engineers; these radiometric assays are not listed in the table below.
The laboratory reports were distributed in the following manner among prospectors who were not grantees, prospectors who were grantees under the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act, and Departmental engineers:—
Samples
Spectrographic
Analyses
Assays
Prospectors (not grantees)..
Prospectors (grantees)	
Departmental engineers.	
Totals  _
1,232
343
267
1,210
343
104
1,842
1,657
3,075
915
629
"47619^
Samples submitted to the laboratory for identification are examined by the
Mineralogical Branch of the Department. During the year such samples numbered 108.
Petroleum and Natural-gas Samples
Reports were issued on 120 samples. Of this number, 111 were samples of
formation water from wells being drilled for gas and oil in the Province; five were
samples tested for oil; three were samples tested for natural gas; and one was a
sample of animal excrement. One hundred and forty-one spectrographic analyses
were reported on samples in this category.
Coal Samples
Reports were issued on sixty-three samples of coal submitted for proximate
analysis and calorific value. Of this number, sixty-two were analysed for the Purchasing Commission and one for a prospector in the Province.
Miscellaneous Samples
Reports were issued on sixty-six samples of a miscellaneous nature.
For the British Columbia Research Council, spectrographic analyses were
performed on nine samples.
For the Purchasing Commission, two spoons were compared for resistance to
corrosion in common food materials.
For the Department of Agriculture, analyses were performed on two marls,
two waters, and one sewage sludge. In addition, fluorine was determined in one
sample of hay and in one chemical fertilizer.
*A reasonable number of samples are assayed, without charge, for a prospector who makes application for
free assays and who satisfies the Chief Analyst that prospecting is his principal occupation during the summer
months.   A form for use in applying for free assays may be obtained from the office of any Mining Recorder.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 63
For the Department of Highways (Materials Testing Branch), four waters
were analysed, and a scale from a highway tunnel was subjected to a spectrographic
analysis as well as an X-ray powder diffraction analysis.
For the Department of Lands and Forests (Forest Research), spectrographic
and chemical analyses were performed on twelve rock samples; ninety-six chemical
analyses were performed.
For the Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch of the Department, spectrographic
analyses were performed on a clay and an alloy.
For the Provincial Museum, a spectrographic analysis was performed on a
Polyporus tuberaster. A metallic disk thought to be an old coin was subjected to
an X-ray fluorescence analysis.
For the Queen's Printer, three type metals were spectrographed.
For British Columbia Hydro, a filter-clogging sediment was identified and a
method for its removal suggested.
For Cassiar Asbestos Corporation Limited, a spectrographic analysis was
performed on a coal ash.
For Bralorne Pioneer Mines Limited, spectrographic analyses were conducted
on four rock samples.
Eighteen samples of water were examined, of which thirteen were for the
Victoria and Esquimalt Health Department, three were for Oak Bay Municipality,
and two were for citizens of the Province.
X-ray Powder Diffraction Analyses
Seventy analyses of this type were performed for identification purposes.
Examination for Assayers
A Provincial Government examination for certificates of competency and
licence to practise assaying in British Columbia was held at Trail in December.
The five candidates who were examined were successful in passing the examination.
INSPECTION BRANCH
Organization and Staff
Inspectors and Resident Engineers
J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector Victoria
Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines Victoria
L. Wardman, Senior Electrical Inspector of Mines Victoria
E. R. Hughes, Senior Inspector of Mines Victoria
J. E. Merrett, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
A. R. C. James, Inspector and Resident Engineer Vancouver
J. D. McDonald, Inspector and Resident Engineer Nelson
D, R. Morgan, Inspector and Resident Engineer Fernie
David Smith, Inspector and Resident Engineer Kamloops
W. C. Robinson, Inspector and Resident Engineer. Prince Rupert
The Inspectors are stationed at the places listed and inspect coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their respective districts. They also examine prospects, mining properties, and roads and trails.
E. R. Hughes supervised the Department's roads and trails programme and
prospectors' grub-stakes.
 A 64 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations
Arthur Williams Cumberland Station
T. H. Robertson Princeton Station
Joseph J. Haile Fernie Station
W. H. Childress Nelson Station
Staff Changes
Joseph J. Haile retired on December 31st, 1960, after nineteen years' service
as instructor at the Fernie mine-rescue station. He was replaced by Arthur Williams, who was transferred from the Cumberland station. W. High was appointed
on a part-time basis for the Cumberland station.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman and Secretary Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member Vancouver
D. R. Morgan, Member Fernie
R. B. Bonar, A. R. C. James, D. R. Morgan, and the mine-rescue instructors
for the district in which an examination is being held form the Board for granting
certificates of competency to coal-miners.
An Inspector is empowered to grant provisional certificates to coal-miners
for a period not exceeding sixty days between regular examinations.
Board of Examiners for Shiftbosses (Metalliferous Mines)
Robert B. Bonar, Chairman Victoria
A. R. C. James, Member. ^.Vancouver
J. E. Merrett, Member Vancouver
The Board conducts written examinations in various mining centres for applicants for underground shiftboss certificates. The Board is also empowered to grant
provisional certificates without examination under such conditions as the Board
considers necessary.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH
Field work by officers of the Mineralogical Branch includes geological mapping
and examination of mineral deposits, and studies related to ground-water and engineering geology. The results are published partly in the Annual Report of the
Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources and partly in a series of bulletins. The
Mineralogical Branch supplies information regarding mineral deposits and the
mineral industry, in response to inquiries received in great number. The activities
of the Branch also include identification of rock and mineral specimens submitted
directly by prospectors and others, or through the Analytical Branch.
Professional Staff
On December 31st, 1960, the professional staff included the following engineers classified as geologists or mineral engineers: H. Sargent, Chief of the Mineralogical Branch; M. S. Hedley, S. S. Holland, J. W. McCammon, N. D. McKech-
nie, G. E. P. Eastwood, J. T. Fyles, A. Sutherland Brown, J. M. Carr, W. G.
Jeffery, W. C. Jones, A. F. Shepherd, and J. E. Hughes.
Technical editing of the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources and of other publications was directed by M. S. Hedley. Copy for
printing was prepared by and under the direction of the editor for English, Mrs.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 65
Rosalyn J. Moir. Messrs. Hedley and Holland assisted in directing and supervising
field work. Most of the other members of the professional staff are assigned to
mapping the geology of selected areas and of mineral deposits. Mr. McCammon
is responsible for studies of industrial minerals and structural materials, and Mr.
Shepherd for records and library.
Field Work
A. Sutherland Brown continued the geological mapping of the Queen Charlotte
Islands. Mapping was done in parts of Graham and Moresby Islands accessible
by road, and parts of Moresby Island reached from lakes to which the party was
transported by aircraft.
J. M. Carr continued detailed geological studies in the Guichon batholith in
the Highland Valley area, and of the Promontory Hills area and the Craigmont
mine near Merritt.
G. E. P. Eastwood mapped an area on Lawless Creek and Tulameen River.
J. T. Fyles, assisted by Dr. Paul Clifford, began a detailed study of the geology
of an area including the west side of Kootenay Lake from Coffee Creek north and
the area north of Kootenay Lake including Duncan Lake.
S. S. Holland examined properties in Bridge River, Tweedsmuir Park, Cariboo-
Wells, Telkwa-Hazelton, Terrace, Portland Canal, and Cariboo-Likely areas.
J. E. Hughes made a geological study of the Bullhead rock sequence in the
Peace River Canyon area, and on the Pine River near Mount Bickford.
W. G. Jeffery began geological mapping of an area that includes the Empire
iron mine and the Coast Copper property on northern Vancouver Island.
W. C. Jones spent the season examining and mapping sites for proposed dams
on the Fraser, Clearwater, North Thompson, McGregor, and Stuart Rivers, and
preliminary study of several sites on the Liard River.
J. W. McCammon examined and mapped industrial-mineral deposits in several
parts of the Province, and examined and looked for limestone deposits in the Shu-
swap Lake-Okanagan Lake area and Rock Creek-Grand Forks area. Other deposits examined included gypsum in the East Kootenay, with special attention to
the Lussier River area, a deposit of gypsum in the northwestern part of the Province
near Rainy Hollow, deposits of barite and fluorite near Summit Lake and Liard
Hotsprings on the Alaska Highway, and asbestos at Cassiar and King Mountain.
N. D. McKechnie examined and mapped lode-mineral properties in the southern Interior, including Hedley, Greenwood, Phoenix, and on Vancouver and Texada
Islands.
PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS BRANCH
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is responsible for the administration
of the " Regulation Governing the Drilling of Wells and the Production and Conservation of Oil and Natural Gas," made pursuant to the Petroleum and Natural
Gas Act, 1954. The regulation provides for the use of efficient and safe practices
in the drilling, completion, and abandonment of wells; for the orderly development
of fields discovered within the Province; and for conservation and the prevention
of waste of oil and natural gas within the reservoir and during production operations.
Investigations are made of complaints of property damage resulting from
geophysical and test-hole drilling programmes. The " Geophysical Regulations "
are administered by the Chief Petroleum and Natural Gas Commissioner.
 a 66 mines and petroleum resources report, 1960
Staff
J. D. Lineham, Chief of the Branch Victoria
R. R. McLeod, Senior Petroleum Engineer and member of the
Board of Arbitration Victoria
A. N. Lucie-Smith, Senior Petroleum Engineer and Chairman
of the Conservation Committee Victoria
W. L. Ingram, Petroleum Engineer Victoria
K. C. Gilbart, Petroleum Engineer Victoria
S. S. Cosburn, Geologist Victoria
D. L. Griffin, Geologist .Victoria
D. M. Callan, Assistant Geologist1 Victoria
T. A. Mackenzie, Statistician Victoria
P. K. Huus, Engineering Assistant Victoria
G. E. Blue, District Petroleum Engineer Charlie Lake
H. B. Fulton, Geologist Charlie Lake
G. V. Rehwald, Petroleum Engineer Charlie Lake
H. A. Sharp, Engineering Assistant Charlie Lake
M. A. Churchill, Engineering Assistant Charlie Lake
Staff Changes
There were no resignations from or additions to the professional or technical
staff.
Staff increases were limited to one clerk for the Statistics and Well Records
Section at Victoria and one building service worker for general duty at the new
field office headquarters at Charlie Lake.
Administration
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch is subdivided for administrative purposes into five sections, each of which is headed by a supervisor who is responsible
for a specific phase of Branch work. There is a field office at Charlie Lake. The
sections and respective section heads are as follows: Reservoir Engineering, R. R.
McLeod; Reserves and Evaluation, A. N. Lucie-Smith; Development Engineering,
W. L. Ingram; Geology, S. S. Cosburn; Statistics and Well Records, T. A. Mackenzie; and Field Office, G. E. Blue.
Board of Arbitration
Chairman: A. W. Hobbs, solicitor, Department of the Attorney-General.
Members: R. R. McLeod, engineer, Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources;
S. G. Preston, agrologist, Department of Agriculture.
The Board of Arbitration, responsible to the Minister of Mines and Petroleum
Resources, held one hearing in 1960 at Fort St. John.
Three applications concerning right of entry came before the Board. Of these,
one was settled by an award order of the Board and two were pending at the end
of the year.
Conservation Committee
Chairman: A. N. Lucie-Smith, engineer. Members: N. D. McKechnie,
geologist; M. H. A. Glover, economist.
1 On educational leave of absence from July 25th.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 67
Although no major problems were referred to the Committee by the Minister
of Mines and Petroleum Resources during 1960, it acted on several routine matters
during the course of the year.
GRUB-STAKING PROSPECTORS
Under authority of the Prospectors' Grub-stake Act the Department has provided grub-stakes each year since 1943 to a limited number of applicants able to
qualify. The normal maximum grub-stake is $300, with an additional amount up
to $200 for travelling expenses. A limited number of experienced prospectors of
proven ability may be granted top priority grub-stakes of as much as $400, plus a
maximum of $300 for travelling expenses, where prospecting is to be done in
approved areas where air transportation is necessary.
To qualify at the present time, the Department requires that the applicant shall
be a bona fide prospector holding a free miner's certificate. He must be a British
subject, between the ages of 18 and 70 years, and must have resided in British
Columbia during the year preceding the date of application. He must be able to
identify common rocks and minerals. The grub-staked prospector is provided
with maps, a current list of prices of metals and ores, and the latest Departmental
information circulars on prospecting and related matters.
It is required that in order to obtain the maximum grub-stake he agree to
spend at least sixty days actually prospecting in the area of his choice in British
Columbia considered favourably by officers of the Department. If he prospects a
lesser time, the grant will be reduced proportionately. The grant is usually made
in two payments: the first at the beginning of the season and the second after he
has completed sixty days in the field and has submitted a diary. In the past, rebates
have been recovered from grantees to whom payments have exceeded the proper
amount for the time and effort devoted to prospecting. A field engineer is employed
who contacts as many prospectors as he is able during the field season and gives
advice and direction to those who need it. Grantees are permitted a reasonable
number of free assays.
The grub-stakes are granted with the object of maintaining the search for
mineral occurrences with mine-making possibilities. Any discoveries made, staked,
and recorded are exclusively the grantee's own property. The grants are not
intended for the purpose of exploring and developing occurrences already found,
but one year is allowed to prospect ground that has been staked by a grantee while
on a grub-stake. The grantee must not accept pay from other sources for services
rendered during the period credited to the grub-stake.
It is recognized that competent and experienced prospectors are capable of
looking after themselves in wilderness areas. Nevertheless, experience has shown
that less hazard may result when prospecting is done by two or three men in a team.
A man working alone may be injured or be taken seriously ill and, if alone, he may
have to endure extreme hardship and pain.
Grub-stake grantees are not working for the Government but are self-employed
and are not covered under the provisions of the Workmen's Compensation Act.
Therefore, it is recommended that prospectors make their own arrangements concerning insurance coverage in order to take adequate care of medical and other
expenditures which may be incurred in the event of an accident.
Statistical information covering the grub-stake programme since its inception
is given in the following table:—
 A 68
MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Grub-stake Statistics
Field Season
Approximate
Expenditure
Men
Grub-staked
Samples and
Specimens
Received at
Department
Laboratory
Mineral
Claims
Recorded
1943        	
1944         .   ..       	
$18,500
27,215
27,310
35,200
36,230
35,975
31,175
26,800
19,385
19,083
17,850
19,989
21,169
20,270
22,000
24,850
21,575
28,115
90
105
84
95
91
92
98
78
63
50
41
48
47
47
46
47
38
50
773
606
448
419
469
443
567
226
255
251
201
336
288
163
174
287
195
358
87
135
1945 ....	
1946         	
181
162
1947                  	
142
1948                     .	
138
1949    	
103
1950     .    ..  	
95
1951           .....         ..    ...	
137
195?.
95
1953	
141
123
183
217
101
211
202
241
1954 .   	
1955	
1956                                          	
1957
1958 	
1959.           ... .    ..
1960     _	
Samples and specimens received from grub-staked prospectors are spectro-
graphed, assayed, and tested for radioactivity. Mineralogical identifications are
made on request.
Seventy-seven applications were received in 1960, and fifty-two grub-stakes
were authorized. Two of the grantees were unable to go out, and they returned
their initial payments. Seven other grantees were unable to complete the terms and
conditions of the grant and received only partial payment. Thirty-one prospectors
were given grants for the first time, and five proved unsatisfactory. Five grantees
used aircraft for transportation to their prospecting areas. Five grantees were
affected by injury or sudden illness, but in each instance they were accompanied by
a partner who was able to take care of them.
D. H. Rae again gave able service in interviewing applicants and supervising
grantees in the field. He was able to contact forty-one grantees in the field, of whom
eighteen were contacted at the actual scene of prospecting. The following notes
have been largely compiled from Mr. Rae's observations while in the field and
from information provided in the diaries of the grantees.
Alberni Mining Division.—At Muchalat Inlet large outcrops of limestone were
investigated. Considerable black sand was panned from Ucona River. Some old
mine workings in the Gold River area were examined, and copper-bearing float was
found nearby.
Atlin Mining Division.—Southeast of the junction of King Salmon Creek and
Taku River, in the King Salmon Mountain area, a considerable amount of prospecting was done. Mineralized quartz stringers were observed cutting altered sedimentary rocks. On the northwest slope of the mountain, granitic sills, sparsely mineralized with pyrite, azurite, and malachite, were noted. A quartz vein showing erratic
mineralization of pyrite, azurite, and malachite was traced for 1,300 feet—the
widest section was 40 inches and values were subcommercial. Along the Sittakanay
River, argillite containing pyrite produced unimportant gossan zones.
Southeast of Atlin Lake the O'Donnel River valley was prospected toward
Taysen Lake. During the course of this work some short-fibre asbestos occurrences
were investigated. Prospecting was done in the Silver Salmon valley to the Nakina
River, in the Katina Creek area, and near Mount O'Keefe. Disseminated native
copper was observed on Copper Island in Atlin Lake, and much rusty stain was
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 69
observed in Llewellyn and Sloko Inlets on Atlin Lake. Volcanic Creek valley to
the north end of Gladys Lake, Davenport Creek, and Windy Camp Creek received
some attention. Many barren quartz veins were observed cutting limestone and
argillite.
Cariboo Mining Division.—Inconclusive work was done in the vicinity of
George Creek, McLeod River, McDougall River, and Carp Lake. At Purden Lake
a large deposit of bentonite was discovered. On Sugarbowl Mountain, chalcopyrite
float was found. Nothing of importance was noted in either the Bowron River area
nor near Aleza Lake. A quartz vein 7 feet wide in a shear zone was noted near
Kelley Lake. At an unnamed lake 90 air miles northeast of Prince George an
attempt was made to find continuity in a mineral zone in limestone, unsuccessfully,
although large masses of chalcopyrite in unaltered limestone were exposed on the
surface in one location. Barren quartz veins were observed in limestone to the
northeast and to the east of the lake. Canyons on the Murray River were prospected
from south of Monkman Pass nearly to the Fraser River.
Skin-diving technique was used in prospecting certain deep sections of Canyon
Creek, Kixon Creek, Cottonwood River, and Horsefly River. Some prospecting
was done north of Cottonwood River at the P.G.E. bridge.
Some work was done on the east side of the highway between Dragon Mountain and Soda Creek. Along Melinda Creek dark serpentine containing narrow
stringers of asbestos fibre was seen. Three miles south of the forks on the Quesnel
River a long ridge of volcanic rocks was seen to contain some iron sulphides showing
a little copper stain. Near Horsefly volcanic rocks containing minor amounts of
native copper were prospected thoroughly; this appears to be of economic interest.
Clinton Mining Division.—Ten miles north of Cache Creek short-fibre asbestos
in serpentine was investigated.   No commerical amount was found.
Kamloops Mining Division.—From a base camp established on Hobson Lake
a thorough job of prospecting both shoreline and adjacent creek valleys was carried
out. Fine gold in gravel was found close to Summit Lake, and scattered galena in
narrow quartz stringers. Between Hobson Creek and Clearwater River several
large but barren quartz veins were found. Granite dykes cutting limestone were
also prospected, as well as a wide quartz vein sparsely mineralized with galena and
pyrite. On Clearwater Lake granite tongues cutting schist and a few narrow pegmatite dykes were investigated.
Eleven miles southeast of Vavenby a wide quartz vein sparsely mineralized
with galena was prospected. Close to the railway a few miles north of Clearwater,
silver-bearing mineralized zones were investigated and sampled. Further work
will be done here. In the Raft River area minor amounts of copper and molybdenum were found associated with narrow pegmatite dykes. Near Avola a mineralized zone containing small amounts of zinc was prospected. Some work was
done on the southwest side of Adams Lake. Some galena float was found in Louis
Creek 7 miles east of the main highway.
Iron-stained granite bluffs near La Jeune Lake were investigated, but nothing
of interest was found. West of Stump Lake, along Moore and Frogmore Creeks,
considerable work was done on a quartz vein in monzonite showing considerable
disseminated molybdenite.
Liard Mining Division.—Further work was done in the Tootsee Lake area
close to the Silver Tip discovery, but nothing of importance was reported. North
of Dease Lake, in the vicinity of Table Mountain and in the valleys of Pooley Creek,
Quartzrock Creek, and Troutline Creek and on Needlepoint Mountain some prospecting was done.    Narrow quartz veins showing some copper stain, short-fibre
 A 70 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
asbestos in serpentine, several small gossan areas, and some barren-looking skarn
were reported.
Considerable work was done east and southeast of McDame Lake. East of
Mount McDame, outcrops of schist and limestone were prospected. In the Turn-
again valley a small amount of short-fibre asbestos was investigated. Slate and
serpentine were reported between Wheaton Creek and Mount Shea. In the Alice
Shea Creek valley large bodies of serpentine were prospected, and between Ferry
Creek and Greenrock Creek disseminated chromite was found in serpentine. A large
area of decomposed quartz was uncovered. Prospecting was done in the Kehlechoa
River valley, south of King Mountain, along Wheaton Creek, and in the Tanzilla
River valley. At Mile 10 on the Stikine River, molybdenite and chalcopyrite float
were found. Some prospecting was also done along the Tahltan River, on Beatty
Creek, on Gnat Creek, and through a 10-mile-wide stretch of country up to 10
miles east of Dease Lake, some interesting float was found, but nothing of importance in place.
A large area 35 miles up the Racing River from the Alaska Highway received
considerable attention. Nothing of importance was found, although some new
occurrences of chalcopyrite and bornite in narrow quartz veins were reported.
Lillooet Mining Division.—On Stirrup Creek high-grade gold-bearing quartz
float was found. Northwest of Lillooet, near Mount McLean, serpentine outcrops
were prospected.
Nelson Mining Division.—In the Hazel Creek valley, near Kitchener, a considerable amount of work was done; a vein 10 to 15 feet wide and 1,000 feet long
containing much specularite was prospected. A 5-foot-wide quartz vein on a
diorite-quartzite contact was investigated, but no commercial values were obtained.
Prospecting was done on Englishman Creek, Young Creek, Kid Creek, and Little
Moyie River. Work was done in the area extending back 10 or 12 miles on the
west side of Kootenay Lake. The batholithic contact on Irvine and Procter Creeks
received some attention. Two miles west of the old Bayonne mine a quartz vein
in granodiorite was prospected. In the valleys of Blazed and Bluebird Creeks pyri-
tized limestone is cut by numerous barren quartz veins.
New Westminster Mining Division.—-The old road from Aurum Siding to the
Home Gold property was made passable for foot travel, and some prospecting was
done in that vicinity. The headwaters of Ladner Creek, Siwash Creek, Fifteen Mile
Creek, and Cedarflat Creek received some attention, but nothing of interest was
reported. A small area above the old Emancipation mine workings was looked at,
and work was done easterly on Sowaqua Creek. Some traces of molybdenite were
found in rock cuts on the pipe-line. The serpentine belt, extending easterly from
Jessica, received some attention, and the area adjacent to the Kettle Valley Railway
from Mile 29 to Mile 38.5 was investigated. Some heavily oxidized and rusty slate
was reported.   Some work was done at Hope Mountain and in the vicinity of Haig.
Some skin diving was done in the Fraser River from Hope to Yale and to
Alexandra Bridge, in Siwash Creek opposite Yale, and in the Coquihalla River near
Jessica.
Nicola Mining Division.—Some prospecting was done in the area adjacent to
the Guichon mine.
Omineca Mining Division.—Considerable work was done in the Nation Lakes
area in an unsuccessful attempt to find extensions of copper showings uncovered in
1959. Ground in reach of Tchentlo Lake, Kwanika Creek valley, and the west
end of Tsayta Lake was investigated. A contact on Albert Lake proved disappointing, and a quartz vein on Kwanika Creek carried no values.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 71
A good deal of work was done in the area contiguous to Germansen Lake,
Twenty Mile Creek, and Manson Creek. On the west side of Boulder Creek the
Manson fault showed some scattered sulphide mineralization. Quartz veins showing some sulphides were encountered. On Slate Creek a greenish-coloured basic
rock gave low assays in nickel. At the headwaters of Lost Creek low assays in
tungsten were obtained from dark material along a granite contact. On the north
slope of Blackjack Mountain a limy band of carbonaceous material contained quartz
stringers and small amounts of zinc, a quartz vein showed scattered bands of pyrite,
and banding in a major fault zone contained low values in nickel. A faulted mineralized zone was found on Blackjack Mountain. On the east fork of Kwanika
Creek minor amounts of molybdenite were found along a granite-argillite contact.
At Wasi Lake stringers of barite were observed in sheared volcanics. Some work
was done at the junction of Wasi Creek and Osilinka River, near Wolverine Lake,
alon? Lost Creek, on the north slope of Blackjack Mountain, and at the lower end
of Mosquito Creek. Near the east end of Germansen Lake metamorphosed arrillite
containing considerable mixed sulphides was prospected. On the west fork of
Klawli Creek some visible molybdenite and powellite were observed in several outcrops. West of Nina Creek sheared volcanics and a strong quartz vein in sheared
andesite were noted, also a mineralized carbonate zone containing minor chalcopyrite and a quartz vein carrying small amounts of free gold. On the north side
of the Osilinka River, 12 miles above the bridge, granite was observed containing
aplite and basic dykes showing minor amounts of magnetite and pods of chalcopyrite. On Wolverine Creek chalcopyrite in quartz was seen, and in the lower part
of Kildare Gulch a quartz vein containing considerable zinc. One important discovery, a wide mineral zone showing fair to good values in silver, was made west
of the centre of Germansen Lake, more will be heard of this in 1961. The Gaffney
Creek valley received some attention.
At a small lake northeast of Takla Landing oxidized zones in limestone were
examined. Work was done in the Slug Lake area and in the valleys of Sowchea
Creek and Sutherland River. Some inconclusive work was done in the Seven
Sisters area near Hazelton and at Wolf Creek and south of the Nation River. South
of Eutsuk Lake red-stained volcanics were found to contain some pyrite and chalcopyrite.
Osoyoos Mining Division.—In the Richter Pass area low values in copper were
found in pyritized and iron-stained areas in schist and volcanics. Close to Mount
Kobau a copper-stained gossan area was examined; no commercial values were
obtained in any of the samples taken. Quartz veins were prospected near Blue
Lake, and in the vicinity of Tinhorn and Togo Creeks; nothing of interest was
reported. On Dividend Mountain a minor occurrence of scheelite was found.
Some work was done at Lome Lake in the Apex Mountain area, and at Ellis Creek.
Revelstoke Mining Division.—Considerable work was done in the Martha
Creek area, and near McCulloch Creek some quartz veins and narrow pegmatite
dykes were prospected. At Albert Canyon narrow veins of galena and chalcopyrite
were prospected along an argillite-limestone contact. Nothing commercial was
reported, although the area merits further work. Near Three Valley Lake some
small pegmatite dykes and narrow quartz veins containing minor amounts of chalcopyrite and pyrite were prospected. The west side of the Columbia River between
Death and Priest Rapids was checked.   A deposit of kyanite was investigated.
Similkameen Mining Division.—Considerable work was done at Sunday Creek,
on copper showings on Rabbitt Mountain, and on a well-mineralized shear zone in
the same area.   On Granite Creek a sulphide zone was investigated.   On the north
 A 72 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT, 1960
side of Mount Kathleen traces of molybdenite were prospected, and on the south
side of Dillard Creek, in the Missezula Mountain area, some claims were staked.
Some copper sulphides were found at Olivine Mountain and in the Lawless
Creek valley. Work was also done on Boulder Creek, Mount Spearing, Otter Creek,
Grasshopper Mountain, west of Eagle Creek, Granite Creek valley, around Aspen
Grove, and on Friday Mountain. Nothing of commercial importance was discovered. The Thynne Creek valley received some attention, and one 5-foot-wide
quartz vein carrying minor amounts of galena was uncovered.
Skeena Mining Division.—On Brown Island (near Jap Inlet) unimportant
mineralization was noted, and a few fairly good assays in zinc were obtained. At
Hunt Inlet some magnetite was found; at Limestone Bay (on Banks Island) some
minor amounts of copper and molybdenite were observed. On Pitt Island minor
amounts of magnetite were observed.
In Kitkatla Inlet (Porcher Island) some molybdenite was found in small quartz
veins. At Lime Creek (Alice Arm) some silicified. pyritized zones were examined.
Some work was also done near Stewart, at Glacier and Gracey Creeks. A high-
grade copper-silver-gold zone was encountered at Ealue Lake.
Work was done at many places, including Kwinamass River, Mylor Peninsula,
Chambers Creek, Stuart Anchorage, Pitt Island, Khutzemateen River, Alder Creek,
Nasoga Gulf, Finlayson Island, Somerville Island, and Gibson Island. On Kennedy
Island some pyrrhotite and chalcopyrite were observed in an interesting area.
West of Anahim Lake, at Kahylskt Creek (Burnt Bridge River), an interesting
copper showing was found, and more work will be done on it at a later date. Much
of the granite in the surrounding area shows appreciable copper stain.
Slocan Mining Division.—In the Lardeau area, float containing gold in quartz
was found in both Poplar and Tenderfoot Creeks. At the headwaters of Canyon
Creek a deposit showing native silver, galena, and tetrahedrite was investigated.
On Mobbs Creek galena float was picked up.
Vancouver Mining Division.—Prospecting was done in Thompson Sound, Fitz
Hugh Sound, Lagoon Bay, Knight Inlet, Glendale Cove, and Viner Sound, and on
Midsummer Island and Fire Island.
Vernon Mining Division.—Some work was done in Whiteman Creek valley
and in the vicinity of Bouleau Creek, Monashee Creek, Mclntyre Creek, upper
Kettle River, and Keefer Lake. Some float was found, but nothing of importance
was found in place.
MINING ROADS AND TRAILS
Provision is made in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources Act
whereby the Minister may, with the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council,
authorize the expenditure of public funds for the construction or repair of roads and
trails into mining areas. Assistance on a half-cost basis may also be provided on
roads and trails to individual properties.
Requests for road and trail assistance must be made to the Department before
the commencement of work. The type of access upon which assistance may be
given depends upon the value of the property, the stage of development, and the
amount of work to be done. A trail is sometimes sufficient for initial exploration,
and a tractor-road may be adequate for preliminary work. Subsequent development might warrant assistance on the construction of a truck-road. A carefully
drawn sketch or plan of the location of the road is required to be submitted and,
where warranted by the amount of assistance requested, a report on the property by
a professional geological or mining engineer may be required. An engineer from
the Department may be required to report on the property before a grant is made
and to inspect the road after the work has been done.
 DEPARTMENTAL WORK A 73
Total mileages and disbursements under " Grants in Aid of Mining Roads and
Trails " during the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1961, were as follows:—
Mining-roads Miles Cost
Construction   72 $94,804.16
Maintenance   131 32,617.08
Photo interpretation and terrain analysis  94 3,622.50
Bridge-site survey    4,643.43
Total   $135,687.17
In addition to the above, work was continued on the Cassiar-Stewart road.
This road is being constructed under the " Roads to Resources " agreement between
Canada and British Columbia. The construction is being supervised by the Department of Highways on behalf of the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources.
At the north end of the road, construction of the 30.5-mile section from Sawmill
Point on Dease Lake to Tanzilla River was completed. The Tanzilla River to
Stikine River section, 26.6 miles long, was 63 per cent completed at the end of
1960, and the Stikine River to Eddontenajon Lake section of 23.33 miles was 39
per cent completed. At the south end of the road the Bear Pass section of 11.6
miles was 53 per cent completed.
For the purpose of facilitating the development of the petroleum and natural-
gas resources in the northeastern part of the Province, it was decided, in conjunction
with the Department of Highways, to construct a bridge across the Fort Nelson
River at a point about 1 mile upstream from the mouth of the Muskwa River. At
the end of 1960 an approach access, 4 miles long, had been built from the Alaska
Highway at Mile 298.7 to the bridge-site. The bridge, completed early in 1961,
is a single-lane double-single Bailey designed for 50-ton loading. It is approximately 780 feet long and is carried on twelve pile piers and two abutments. On the
evening of April 25th, 1961, a large piece of ice carried by the swift-flowing river
crashed into the bridge and took out three of the piers.
MUSEUMS
The Department has a large exhibit of mineral and rock specimens in the Douglas Building, Victoria; collections are also displayed in the joint office in Vancouver
and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert.
Specimens from the collection in Victoria, accumulated in a period of more
than sixty years, are displayed in cases on the fourth floor of the Douglas Building.
The collection includes specimens from many of the mines and prospects in the
Province, and also specimens of type rocks and special minerals from British
Columbia and elsewhere.
British Columbia material includes specimens collected by officers of the
Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources and specimens donated by property-
owners. The collection also includes type specimens purchased from distributors.
Other valued specimens or groups of specimens have been donated or loaned to
the museum.
ROCK AND MINERAL SPECIMENS
Information regarding collections of specimens of rocks and minerals available
to prospectors and schools in British Columbia may be obtained from the Chief of
the Mineralogical Branch.
 A 74 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
PUBLICATIONS
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines and Petroleum Resources, bulletins,
and other publications of the Department, with prices charged for them, are listed
in the Department of Mines and Petroleum Resources List of Publications available
from the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch.
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria
and elsewhere in the Province. They are also available for reference use in the
Department's library (Mineralogical Branch) at Victoria, in the joint office in Vancouver, and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince Rupert,
as well as in public libraries.
MAPS SHOWING MINERAL CLAIMS, PLACER CLAIMS, AND
PLACER-MINING LEASES
From the details supplied by the locators, the approximate positions of mineral
claims held by record and of placer-mining leases are shown on maps that may be
inspected in the central records offices of the Department of Mines and Petroleum
Resources in Victoria and in Vancouver. Copies of these maps may be obtained on
request. The boundaries of surveyed claims and leases are shown on the reference
maps and other maps of the British Columbia Department of Lands and Forests.
JOINT OFFICES OF THE BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES AND THE DEPARTMENT OF MINES
AND TECHNICAL SURVEYS, CANADA.
The Provincial Department's Inspector and Resident Engineer, the Gold
Commissioner and Mining Recorder for the Vancouver Mining Division, and the
officers of the Federal Geological Survey occupy one suite of offices. All official
information relating to mining is available to the public in the one suite of offices at
739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver 1.
The services offered to the public include technical information on mining, the
identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Federal and Provincial mining
publications, a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central
records office.
 Topographic Mapping and Air Photography
During 1960 the Legal Surveys, Topographic, Geographic, and Air Divisions
of the Surveys and Mapping Branch continued to add to the variety of maps and
survey information which is available for use by all departments of government and
by the general public.
Legal Surveys Division issued 709 sets of instructions to surveyors in 1960.
A total of 514 field books were received, covering the survey of 870 lots, of which
twelve were surveyed under authority of the Mineral Act and the remainder under
the Land Act. The 210 Departmental reference map-sheets showing cadastral
information for the whole Province continued to be kept up to date. Prints of these
maps are available to the public at the nominal price of $1 per sheet.
Among the field projects completed by the Legal Surveys Division in 1960
was the surveying of 140 new townsite lots at Fort Nelson, Wonowon, Chetwynd,
and Bear Lake (north of Prince George). Also, 277 survey corners were remonu-
mented, mostly as the result of ties made during new surveys. The continuing programme of highway survey included 13 miles on the Southern Trans-Provincial
Highway (Moyie to Irishman Creek), 9 miles on the Cariboo Highwav (Stone
Creek to Red Rock), 17.25 miles on the Trans-Canada Highway (Cache Creek to
Deadman River Indian Reserve), 17 miles of new road (Alberta Boundary to Pouce
Coupe), and 12.3 miles on the Northern Trans-Provincial Highway (through Fort
Fraser to Fraser Lake).
Aerial photography coverage for a total of 22,211 square miles and 2,936
lineal miles was obtained by the Air Division. Of the above totals, 20,215 square
miles was narrow-angle photography at l-inch-to-20-chains scale. A grand total
of 24,959 photographs was made during aerial operations, and the number of negatives (Federal and Provincial) on file in the Air Photo Library increased to 493,635.
It is of interest to note that among requests for reprints and loans of air photographs during 1960, mining and oil and natural-gas companies accounted for 30,269
photos, or only slightly less than one-half of all photographs requisitioned by the
general public.
Topographic Division survey parties established field control for 21VjJ Standard National Topographic map-sheets in 1960. Nine map-sheets were covered in
the Nazko area north and west of Quesnel, four in the Stuart Lake area, and the
remainder in and around Wells Gray Provincial Park. Another accomplishment
was the completion of survey ties from existing geodetic and Provincial triangula-
tion to survey monuments on the Alaska Highway between Mile 374 and Mile 626.
A total of fifteen maps was published by Geographic Division in 1960. New
maps included sheet Ijr, a six-colour relief map of the Province at l-inch-to-30-
miles scale. Also released were three new National Topographic maps at a scale
of 1 inch to 2 miles, these being 82 L/NW (Shuswap Lake), 92 G/SW (Vancouver), and 92 I/NE (Kamloops Lake). Each of these sheets shows land status
and is fully contoured.
Stocks of eighteen full-colour National Topographic maps at 1:50,000 scale
were received by Geographic Division from mapping agencies at Ottawa. Additional maps of British Columbia published by Ottawa numbered fifty, of which
major stocks were received for twenty-one sheets at 1:50,000 scale and three at
1:250,000 scale. A major policy change was announced by the Federal mapping
agencies. The Army Survey Establishment ceased to handle the provisional mapping programme, and full control was assumed by the Department of Mines and
A 75
 A 76 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
Technical Surveys. Furthermore, in order to speed the production of 1:50,000
National Topographic maps, permanent provisional maps in two colours are now
being produced for wilderness regions. Full-colour 1:50,000 maps will continue
to be issued for more settled areas.
Indexes of air-photo cover and of topographic, interim, and lithographed maps
are contained in the 1960 Annual Report of the British Columbia Lands Service.
For further information concerning Provincial and Federal mapping, contact the
Director, Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of Lands and Forests, Victoria,
B.C.
 Department of Mines and Technical Surveys
The Canadian Government Department of Mines and Technical Surveys performs many functions related to mining and the mineral industry in general. The
Mines Branch, Geological Survey of Canada, and Surveys and Mapping Branch
are the three branches of the Department of the most direct interest to the mineral
industry. Brief reference to the work of the Surveys and Mapping Branch in British
Columbia is made in the preceding note headed " Topographic Mapping and Air
Photography." A note on the Geological Survey of Canada follows this paragraph
and is followed by a note on the Mines Branch.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered
Confederation, geological investigations and mapping in the Province are carried
on by the Geological Survey of Canada. Several geological parties are in the field
each year. Many excellent reports and maps covering areas of British Columbia
have been issued by the Geological Survey of Canada, and they have made available
a great amount of information that has been of much benefit to the mining and
prospecting activities in British Columbia.
A branch office of the Geological Survey of Canada is maintained in Vancouver. Maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained there. J. E. Armstrong is in charge of this office at 739 West Hastings Street, Vancouver 1.
Field Work by Geological Survey of Canada in British Columbia, 1960
R. B. Campbell completed field work in the Quesnel Lake West Half (93 A,
W. Vi) map-area.
D. B. Craig commenced detailed mapping of rocks near Revelstoke as part of
the special investigation of granitic rocks of Canada being conducted by J. E. Reesor.
D. C. Findlay commenced a detailed investigation of the Tulameen ultrabasic
complex as part of a study of the ultrabasic rocks of Canada.
R. J. Fulton commenced study and mapping of the surficial deposits of Nicola
(92 I, E. Vi) map-area for publication at 1 inch to 2 miles.
H. Gabrielse completed the geological mapping of approximately 80 per cent
of Kechika (94 L) and Rabbit River (94 M) map-areas.
E. C. Halstead and B. Treichel completed a ground-water investigation of the
east coast of Vancouver Island from Courtenay to Campbell River.
E. J. W. Irish continued field work in the Halfway River (94 B) map-area.
G. B. Leech completed the areal mapping of Fernie West Half (82 G, W. Vi )
map-area.
J. E. Muller completed most of the field work in Pine Pass (93 O) map-area.
B. R. Pelletier and E. T. Tozer combined parties to study the stratigraphy and
palaeontology of the Triassic rocks in the Foothills and Rocky Mountains of northeastern British Columbia.
R. A. Price completed the geological investigation of Fernie East Half (82 G,
E. Vi) map-area.
J. E. Reesor continued his detailed studies of the Valhalla complex in Passmore
(82 L/12) and Burton (82 L/13) map-areas, as part of the " Study of Granite in
Canada " project.
J. G. Souther almost completed the field mapping of the Sumdum (104 F)
and Tulsequah (104 K) map-areas.
A 77
 A 78 MINES AND PETROLEUM RESOURCES REPORT,  1960
A. M. Stalker completed the study and mapping of the surficial deposits of
Fernie East Half (82 G, E. Vi ) map-area.
D. F. Stott completed the field study of the Upper Cretaceous Smoky group
in the foothills of Alberta and British Columbia between Smoky River and Peace
River.
G. C. Taylor commenced the mapping of the MacDonald Creek (94 K/10)
map-area on the Alaska Highway.
H. W. Tipper completed the mapping of the Prince George (93 G) map-area.
J. O. Wheeler continued the mapping of Rogers Pass (Illecillewaet) (82 N,
W. Vi) map-area.
Publications of the Geological Survey
A total of twenty-seven publications of the Geological Survey of Canada relating to British Columbia was received by the British Columbia Department of
Mines and Petroleum Resources in 1960. A list of the twenty-seven publications
will be supplied on request.
MINES BRANCH
' The Mines Branch has branches dealing with mineral resources, mineral dressing and process metallurgy, physical metallurgy, radioactivity, and fuels and explosives. A total of eighteen publications of the Mines Branch pertaining to British
Columbia was received in 1960 by the British Columbia Department of Mines and
Petroleum Resources. A list of these publications will be supplied on request.
They included tabular pamphlets dealing with coal mines, gold mines, stone quarries,
petroleum refineries, and milling plants in Canada.
MINERAL RESOURCES DIVISION
The Mineral Resources Division, which was a division of the Mines Branch,
has now been transferred from the Mines Branch to the office of the Deputy Minister
of Mines and Technical Surveys.
The Mineral Resources Division publishes studies on mineral resources, mineral economics, mineral legislation, mineral taxation, mining technology, and other
miscellaneous mineral-industry subjects. A total of eleven publications published
by this Division was received by the library. A list of these publications will be
supplied on request.

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