BC Sessional Papers

Lode Metals British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1960

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 Lode Metals
CONTENTS
General Review,
Notes on Metal Mines.
Telegraph Creek	
Unuk River	
Portland Canal	
Alice Arm	
Ecstall River	
Hazelton	
Smithers	
Omineca	
Alaska Highway	
Cariboo,	
Lac la Hache	
Lillooet	
Pukaist Creek-__-_	
Highland Valley.
Pimainus Lake	
Guichon Creek...
Merritt	
Aspen Grove	
Swakum Mountain_
Meadow Creek	
Kamloops	
Birch Island	
Similkameen River,
Hedley	
Keremeos	
Fairview Camp	
Camp McKinney
Rock Creek	
Beaverdell	
Phoenix	
Trail	
Nelson-,
Ymir.	
Salmo	
Nelway,
North Kootenay Lake-
Woodbury Creek	
Page
3
6
. 6
_ 6
. 6
.    6
- 7
- 9
. 10
. 11
. 13
. 14
. 15
. 15
. 21
- 21
- 24
- 24
, 24
. 28
- 28
, 29
. 29
. 30
- 30
_ 31
. 32
. 32
. 33
. 34
- 35
. 36
36
- 37
. 37
. 38
. 40
. 41
. 43 2 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
Notes on Metal Mines—Continued Paoe
Kaslo, :  44
Paddy Peak.  44
Retallack-Three Forks  44
Sandon  45
Slocan Lake-  47
Springer Creek  49
North Lardeau  49
South Lardeau  50
Creston  50
Kimberley  51
St. Mary River,  51
Fort Steele  52
Skookumchuck  52
Canal Flats  52
Windermere  52
Revelstoke,  53
Skagit River,  54
Hope  55
Harrison Lake ,  56
Howe Sound 1  56
Texada Island  57
Vancouver Island  57
Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work  61 GENERAL REVIEW
With the exception of gold, the prices of all principal metals were down in 1958
compared with 1957. The average Canadian price of gold was $33.98 per ounce,
43 cents more than the twenty-four-year low reached in 1957. The price of silver
declined only six-tenths of a cent per ounce. The New York price of copper dipped
below 20 cents per pound early in March but climbed slowly to 26.975 cents at the end
of the year. The average Canadian price for the year was the lowest since 1949. The
average price for lead, below 12 cents per pound, was the lowest since 1946. The 10
cents average price for zinc was also the lowest since 1946 and was practically half the
record high of 1951. The imposition in October of quotas on the amounts of lead and
zinc imported into the United States had little effect on the quantity of those metals
produced in 1958. The price of tungstic oxide reached a low of $8.50 per short ton
unit, although it was between $12 and $13 at the start and end of 1958.
Gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc produced at British Columbia lode mines in
1958 had a gross value of $93,516,891. Miscellaneous metals, including iron ore,
tungsten, tin, and minor metals recovered at the Trail smelter, had a gross value of
$10,539,795. The total quantity of ore mined at all lode mines amounted to 6,402,198
tons and came from forty-seven mines, of which twenty-eight produced 100 tons or
more. The average number employed in the lode-mining industry in 1958, including
mines, concentrators, and smelters, was 7,434.
In 1958 twenty-five mills were operated, fifteen of them throughout the year. Two
mills, that of Western Nickel Limited near Hope and that of Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.
at Cowichan Lake, produced for the first time. The Musketeer mill at Bedwell Sound
reopened. Eight mills closed, four because of exhaustion of the orebodies which supplied
them and four because of various economic reasons. Three Slocan mills accepted custom
ore.
The Trail smelter recorded custom receipts of 3,238 tons of crude ore (including
1,225 tons of siliceous ore), 9,240 tons of lead concentrates, and 4,514 tons of zinc
concentrates. Totals of approximately 26,000 tons of lead concentrates (including
about 2,300 tons from the Sullivan mine) and approximately 65,000 tons of zinc concentrates were shipped out of the country for smelting. Most copper concentrates, and dross
from the Trail smelter, were shipped to the Tacoma smelter; copper concentrates from
Cowichan Lake were shipped to Japan. Concentrated iron ore was shipped to Japan.
Tungsten concentrates were sold to the United States Government under contract; concentrates produced after expiration of the contract were stockpiled at the Emerald mine.
Nickel concentrates were snipped to the refinery at Fort Saskatchewan.
The production of gold decreased somewhat in comparison with the 1957 figure.
This was largely due to the cessation of production from Tulsequah in 1957 and the
closing of Britannia early in 1958. The deep development at Bralorne continued, with
no diminution in gold content of the 77 vein. New interest was shown in gold by the
reopening of the Musketeer mine and by investigational work at Tranquil Inlet and Camp
McKinney.
The production of silver remained essentially unchanged, although the sources of
silver were materially reduced with the closing of the Silver Standard and Spider mines
in May. Production capacity of the Slocan Mining Division was also reduced. Highland-
Bell, on the other hand, produced more silver than in any year since 1941.
The Britannia mine closed after fifty-three years of continuous operation, during
the course of which it milled 44 million tons and produced 940 million pounds of copper
in concentrates. The company had proposed to cease operations in December, 1957,
owing to the low price of copper, but a direct subsidy payment by the Canadian and
Provincial Governments enabled the mine to operate on a reduced scale until March 12th,
1958, when production ceased.   The price of copper subsequently rose, however, and the
3 4 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
owners of the property, after a complete reorganization, were making plans at the end
of 1958 to reopen the mine. After the closing of Britannia the only producing copper
mine was that of Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd. Copper was a by-product of the milling
of iron, nickel, and lead-zinc ores, and of the refining of copper matte from Trail.
Although the current position of copper was not satisfactory, the future was brighter.
Interest in the region Kamloops-Ashcroft-Merritt-Princeton was shown by large and small
exploration companies. American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. dropped out of
the Highland Valley camp owing to pressure of business elsewhere, but Bethlehem Copper
Corporation Ltd. continued exploration on its own property and started an adit at an
elevation of 4,600 feet. The adit had reached the Jersey zone at the end of 1958. The
Craigmont property near Merritt was also brought to the stage of underground development, and at the end of the year the 3500 adit reached the ore zone which had been
outlined by surface diamond drilling.
The chief producers of lead and zinc, apart from the Sullivan, continued to produce
in the face of prices that made most operations little more than marginal. These were
the H.B., Jersey, Reeves MacDonald, Bluebell, and Mineral King. Three mines closed
because their orebodies were exhausted—the Silver Standard and Spider in May and the
Highlander in December. There was some reduction in output from the Slocan. The
Sullivan mine produced approximately 2,444,000 tons or 9,600 tons per day of operation.
The Emerald tungsten mine closed on July 31st upon exhaustion of the developed
orebodies, shortly after termination of its contract with the United States Government.
Further development at the current market price of tungstic oxide is not considered. The
Emerald tungsten ore zone was discovered in 1941, and the property was bought by the
Canadian Government and developed as a wartime measure in 1942. The property
(including the Jersey and the old Emerald lead-zinc mines) was purchased by its present
owners in 1947 and mined for tungsten until January, 1949. Early in 1951 the Canadian
Government bought back two blocks of ground covering the known Emerald tungsten
orebodies and the partly developed Dodger tungsten showings, and a mill was constructed at Government expense. In October, 1952, all Government holdings were
bought back by the company. The Emerald mine and the closely related Dodger and
Feeney mines have produced 13,739,939 pounds of tungstic oxide in concentrates, valued
at $33,900,311, gross.
The Western Nickel mine came into production in January, 1958, and operated for
half a year. It closed at the end of July because of modification and partial cancellation
of European sales contracts.
Molybdenite was of more interest in British Columbia than in years past. American
Metal Climax, Inc., at the Boss Mountain property outlined an ore zone that appears to
be assured of future production. The same company was actively engaged elsewhere,
especially at Glacier Gulch near Smithers. The Glacier Gulch showing is low in grade,
but whether or not it will some day be mined the occurrence indicates the possibility that
a major molybdenite zone may occur in non-granitic rock.
Exploration activity was at a fair level, considering the state of the market. Work
was done mostly by the larger companies, some of which maintained large technical field
staffs at considerable expense. Copper was the metal most sought after, partly because
its future seemed bright, and also because there was promise of making important
discoveries in the southern Interior. Exploration in the north was about normal, although
development at the Granduc was halted for an indefinite period. Preliminary work was
done on copper showings on Racing and Toad Rivers, near the north end of the Rocky
Mountains, on the south side of the Alaska Highway.
Other metals were sought after to a lesser extent than copper. One of the few
promising developments in lead and zinc was on Duncan Lake, where surface diamond LODE METALS
drilling showed interesting results.   The search for silver, lead, and zinc was somewhat
less than desirable in view of the several mine closures.
For some years the Department of Mines has accepted under the " Mineral Act"
and the " Placer-mining Act " geological, geophysical, and geochemical reports for credit
on assessment requirements. These reports have been available for examination at the
office of the Mining Recorder for the appropriate mining division, and at the office of the
Chief of the Mineralogical Branch, Department of Mines, Victoria. In all, 244 reports
have been accepted since January 17th, 1947. A list of the reports, to date, appears at
the end of the Lode Metals section, pages 61 to 75. 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
NOTES ON METAL MINES
TELEGRAPH CREEK*
Molybdenum
(57° 132° N.E.)    This property is on the headwaters of Barring-
Balsom Group      ton River.   The showings consist of pyrite, pyrrhotite, and molyb-
(Conwest Explora-  denite in a brecciated zone in a dioritic stock which intrudes Trias-
tion Company      sic sedimentary and volcanic rocks.   American Metal Climax, Inc.,
Limited) optioned twenty-two claims from Conwest Exploration Company
and located eight more; work commenced June 17th and finished
July 30th. A trail was built from Telegraph Creek to the property, a distance of 60
miles; 275 feet of rock trenching and 2,500 feet of surface stripping was done; geological
mapping was done on the claims and seventy-six samples were taken in sampling the
mineralized zone. Access to the property was by aeroplane and by pack-horse. Geologist in charge at the property was P. O. Hackey. An average crew of five men was
employed.
UNUK RIVER*
Copper
(56° 130° S.E.)    Company office, Room 507, 1111 West Georgia
Granduc (Granduc  Street, Vancouver 5; L. T. Postle, president.   The property is on
Mines, Limited)    the south fork of the Leduc glacier, 25 miles northwest of Stewart
at an elevation of 4,500 feet.   Work to date has indicated a mass
of copper-bearing rock of major size.
On March 15th, 1958, all operations ceased, and at present there are no indications
of an early resumption of work. Surface installations at the mine were completely dismantled, and machinery was weather-proofed and stored in the 3250 level.
On the surface 3,251 feet of ice-drilling was done on the Leduc glacier. A further
8,943 feet of diamond drilling was done underground. On the 2625 level 477 feet of
drifting was done.   A small raise 69 feet long was driven.
Work was carried out until the cessation of operations, an average crew of fifty-two
men being employed.
PORTLAND CANAL*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
(56° 130° S.E.)    Company office, 572 Howe Street, Vancouver.
Silbak Premier     A. E. Bryant, president; Henry L. Hill and Associates, consulting
Mines Limited      engineers.   During the summer of 1958 mill clean-up work carried
out by a crew of four men produced 99.6 tons of concentrates
averaging 2.5 ounces gold per ton.  There was no indication that operations would be
resumed in the near future.
ALICE ARM*
Silver
Toric (Torbrit      (55° 129° N.W.)    Registered office, 309 Royal Bank Building,
Silver Mines       Vancouver; executive office, 44 King Street West, Toronto; mine
Limited) office, Alice Arm.    R. W. Burton, manager;   H. Bapty, mine
superintendent;  G. K. Sutherland, mill superintendent.   Capital:
3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.   The Torbrit mine camp and mill
are on the west bank of the Kitsault River, 17 miles by road from Alice Arm.
Production:  Ore milled, 135,892 tons.   Total concentrates produced amounted to
1,872 tons containing 1,090,846 ounces of silver and 1,506,849 pounds of lead.    In
* By David Smith. LODE METALS
addition, the total bullion produced was 240,242 fine ounces. The source of the ore
milled in 1958 was as follows: 34 per cent from the winze below the 813 level; 28 per
cent from the 813 level; 17 per cent from the 916 level; and 21 per cent from the
1018 level.
A summary of mining operations follows:—
Ore broken— Tons
Stoping  100,170
Stope raises and stope drifts       4,261
Development       2,691
Total
Waste broken-
Level development
Stope raises and stope drifts
Raises 	
Total	
Development in linear feet-
Drifts and crosscuts.	
Raises	
Stope drifts	
Stope raises	
Total.
Underground diamond drilling	
Longhole drilling with tungsten carbide bits.
107,122
Tons
615
937
438
1,990
Ft.
304
233
383
1,328
2,248
6,011
33,971
No safety officer is employed, but a mine safety committee carries out regular
monthly inspections of the mine and mill and holds monthly meetings. Sixteen compensable accidents occurred, as follows: Mine, 9 accidents; mill, 3 accidents; surface,
3 accidents; and kitchen, 1 accident.
On the surface no new construction was undertaken. The access trail to the hydro
plant was put in excellent shape; all bridges were repaired or entirely replaced.
An adit was driven at 1,025 feet elevation from the west bank of the Kitsault River
to investigate further the vein intersections found in the course of surface diamond drilling
on the North Star claim. Total footage in the adit was 1,115 feet, and from the adit
4,403 feet of diamond drilling was done to explore further vein-matter which was found
in driving the adit.
On the Tiger claim (Lot 3614), some trenching was done to trace the extension of
a vein outcrop.   Later, 667 feet of diamond drilling was done from surface sites.
Pyrite-Zinc-Copper
ECSTALL RIVER*
Ecstall (Ecstall
Mining Company
Limited)
(53°  129° N.W.)    Company office, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver.    R. D. Mollison, New York, president;  W. R. Bacon,
director and manager of British Columbia operations.   This property consists of twenty-one Crown-granted claims which extend
across the Ecstall River at a point 30 miles above its confluence
with the Skeena River.   It is 45 miles southeast of Prince Rupert.   Work on the property
was confined to a few days' geophysical work for the purpose of checking two electromagnetic anomalies obtained during the 1957 survey.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept, 1952, pp. 81-84.]
* By David Smith. REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Entrance to Pocket Inlet, west coast of Moresby Island.
Pillow lava lying above limestone, Louise Island, Queen Charlotte Islands. LODE METALS 9
(53°  129° N.E.)    Executive office, 75 East Forty-fifth Street,
Packsack (Texas    New York.   C. O. Stephens, New York, president.   This property
Gulf Sulphur       consists of sixteen claims, two rows of eight claims extending
Company) northward from the big bend of the Ecstall River.   It is 7 air miles
south 25 degrees east of the Ecstall property.    In 1957 a crew
working under the direction of W. R. Bacon discovered massive sulphide showings on the
east slope of what is now known locally as Prospect Hill.   The showings are at a general
elevation of 800 feet above sea-level and 650 feet above the valley floor.
There are two showings. They occur in the shallow beds of two tiny intermittent
streams. The southern showing occurs in the northeastern corner of the Packsack No. 2
claim, and the northern showing, 550 feet north of the southern, straddles the location-
line between the Gunnysack Nos. 1 and 2 claims.
The showings appear to be replicas of those occurring in Red Gulch Creek on the
Ecstall property. In other words they consist largely of massive pyrite containing minor
amounts of sphalerite and chalcopyrite. In addition, however, minor coatings of
secondary chalcocite have been observed in a few places.
As on the Ecstall property, the showings occur in sericite schist, the favourable band
of which is more than 100 feet wide at the southern showing. The band strikes northward
and dips very steeply eastward.
The surface expression of the favourable band is a topographic depression, and
extensive trenching with hand-tools is not practical. An electromagnetic survey was
undertaken in 1958 to outline the extent of mineralization. The results of this survey
indicate a minimum length of 2,000 feet for the mineralized zone and a probable maximum width of the order of 50 feet.   The property was not visited.
s.,       r    A7-     r   i    • HAZELTON*
Silver■-Leaa-Zinc-Laamiuin
(55° 127° S.W.)    Head office, 609, 602 West Hastings Street,
Silver Standard      Vancouver; mine office, Hazelton.   R. R. Wilson, president; H. B.
(Silver Standard     Gilleland, manager; A. C. Ritchie, general superintendent;  G. E.
Mines Limited)     Apps, mine superintendent.    The property is on Glen Mountain,
5Vi miles north of Hazelton.    All underground work ceased on
May 15th.   No ore remains in the stopes and there are no more known ore-shoots on the
veins.   All surface break-throughs of stopes and raises have been caved and backfilled.
To the end of production, May 15th, 1958, the mine worked 105 days with 2,537 man
shifts underground, 800 man shifts in the mill, and 957 man shifts on the surface.
A summary of the work done in 1958 was as follows:—
Mine
Development— Ft.
Drifting and crosscutting        35
Subdrifting         70
Raising  230
Total      335
Diamond drilling— Ft
Surface     Nil
Underground         193
Total      193
* By David Smith. 10 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Mine—Continued
Stoping— Tons
No. 11 cross-vein  5,320
No. 10 cross-vein  1,157
Ore-passes           3 6
Total  6,513
Ore tO mill  Tons
Stopes   6,513
Development        74
Total  6,587
Mill Tons
Ore from mine  6,587
Sorted as waste  1,543
Tons milled   5,044
All mining was on No. 11 and No. 10 cross-veins. The 1511-1100 D block at the
south end of the No. 11 cross-vein ore-shoot was developed and stoped to supply approximately one-third of the 1958 production. The balance of the ore was mined from
remnants of the orebodies, pillars, and small faulted vein segments. Eight diamond-drill
holes totalling 193 feet were drilled to test the veins in the vicinity of the workings.
Miffing was continuous from January 27th to April 17th and was intermittent to
May 13th. A total of 6,587 tons of ore was drawn from the mine. Of this, 1,543 tons
was hand-sorted and discarded as waste while the remaining 5,044 tons was treated by
differential flotation. The indicated recovery was 93.7 per cent. There were no major
alterations to the mill flow sheet and no major breakdowns.
All surface units were completely dismantled and placed in storage at the Sil-Van
mine. Except for the hoist, all underground installations and equipment were dismantled
and are now in storage at the Sil-Van mine.
SMITHERS
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(54° 126° N.W.) This property is on the eastern slope of Hyland
Lorraine* Mountain at an elevation of 5,000 feet.   Work on the property was
confined to opening up the upper tunnel in preparation for stoping
to surface. A truck-road 4 miles in length was built joining the Cronin mine road 2
miles below the present Cronin mill-site. Work was under the direction of D. A. Campbell, engineer.   A crew of three men was employed.
Molybdenum
(54° 127° N.E.)   The occurrence of molybdenite in rocks directly
Glacier Gulchf     below the toe of the glacier at the head of Glacier Gulch on the
(American Metal   east side of Hudson Bay Mountain has been known locally for some
Climax, Inc.)       time, even though no published record exists.   Four claims were
located on the molybdenite showing in May and June, 1956, by
W. D. Yorke-Hardy, E. E. Malkow, Hunter H. Simpson, and R. C. McFarland, of
Smithers.   These men located twenty-six more claims around the head of Glacier Gulch
in July, 1957, and in December, 1957, title to all claims was transferred by bill of sale
* By David Smith.
t By Stuart S. Holland. LODE METALS 11
to Climax Molybdenum (B.C.) Ltd., now American Metal Climax, Inc. The company
located an additional twenty-five claims around the initial locations.
American Metal Climax, Inc., was actively engaged during the summer of 1958 in
investigating the occurrences of molybdenite at and around the toe of the glacier at the
head of Glacier Gulch. A trail from the head of the Glacier Gulch road was built up
hill to a tent camp established within 200 feet of the toe of the glacier.
Over the past ten years or more the glacier has been receding rapidly and an
extensive area has recently been exposed to view. This area of rock, immediately east
of the ice front, is smoothed by ice erosion, and is almost devoid of drift and boulder
cover. The bedrock of Hazelton formation tuffs, flows, and agglomerates is perfectly
exposed to view. The rocks are cut by a few feldspar porphyry dykes high up along the
northern edge of the glacier and by several shear zones along which there has been some
carbonate alteration. The volcanics, regardless of type, are crossed by a system of northwesterly striking and northeasterly dipping joint-planes. The joint-planes, whose spacing
may range from 1 foot to 10 or 15 feet, are mineralized predominantly by molybdenite.
Some pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite have been observed in very minor amounts.
The molybdenite ranges in thickness from a mere film to veinlets of about three-eighths
of an inch maximum thickness. The rock between the mineralized joint-planes appears to
be devoid of mineralization.
Bedrock and its contained mineralization is well displayed in an area 2,000 feet
wide by 1,000 feet deep. The company was primarily engaged in sampling this area.
A grid had been laid out and bulk samples were taken at 100- by 200-foot intervals.
Although three sets of samples were taken over the area, uniform results had not been
obtained.   Eleven diamond-drill holes totalling 6,320 feet were drilled.
Exploration has shown that there is a very large surface area of molybdenite mineralization beyond the area sampled and that the mineralization appears to have a vertical
range of several thousand feet. There is some indication that the more intensely horn-
felsed rocks carry a slightly higher molybdenite content. The accurate determination of
grade is the critical factor in assessing the worth of the property.
Work was under the direction of J. W. Bryant. A geological survey of the property
was made by Professor W. W. Moorhouse, of the University of Toronto.
„ OMINECA*
Mercury
(55° 125° N.E.) This property consists of ten claims—AMY
AMY Group Nos. 1 to 10 held by record—and is situated on Silver Creek 6
miles south of the Omineca River. The mineral showings are
cinnabar impregnations in Permian rocks along the Pinchi fault zone. An average crew
of three men was employed. Work included the removal of some 14,500 yards of overburden by hydraulicking and with a bulldozer. The access road was put into shape for
truck transportation. Geological mapping was done. The project was a joint effort by
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, Canex Aerial Exploration Ltd., and Bralorne
Mines Limited under the supervision of E. Bronlund.
Copper
(56° 125° S.W.) This property consists of seventeen claims—
Jane Group        Jane Nos. 1 to 17—held by record, and is situated on Croydon
Creek 9 miles west of Aiken Lake. The mineral showings are shear
zones in diorite and pyroxenite carrying values in copper and gold. An average crew of
eight men was employed. Work accomplished included 9 miles of trail, 35,000 feet of
line cutting, 1,537 feet of diamond drilling in seven holes, and geological mapping.
E. Bronlund was engineer in charge for Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, Canex
Aerial Exploration Ltd., and Bralorne Mines Limited.
* By David Smith. 12
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Glacier at the head of Glacier Gulch, Hudson Bay Mountain.
Packing to the Glacier Gulch molybdenite showings. ■I
LODE METALS 13
Lead-Silver
(59° 130° N.W.)    The Silver Tip claims are about 4 miles north-
Silver Tip Group    east of Tootsee Lake and 17 miles by road south of Mile-post 701
(Canex Aerial      on the Alaska Highway.   A total of thirty-two claims are held by
Exploration Ltd.)   record by the owners, A. Zborovsky and associates.   Conwest previously optioned the claims and did the following work:   1,950 feet
of drifting and raising, 650 feet of underground diamond drilling in six holes, 1,908 feet
of surface drilling in eleven holes, and some surface trenching.   The option was dropped
and Canex took up the option.   A crew of ten was employed.   Work commenced August,
1958, and ended in November.   Three holes were drilled from the adit with a total footage
of 3,296 feet.   Approximately 10 miles of new tractor-road was constructed and improvements were made to the existing road.
ALASKA HIGHWAY*
Copper
(58° 125° N.E.) Company office, 700 Burrard Building, 1030
Magnum Copper West Georgia Street, Vancouver. D. J. McDonald, president; A.
(Magnum Copper Allan, field superintendent. The property is on the headwaters of
Limited N.P.L.) Delano Creek, a tributary of the Racing River. A total of sixty-
eight claims are held, partly by record, partly by option agreement
from W. Lembke and A. Larson, Mile 408, Alaska Highway. The showings consist of
closely spaced lenses of quartz within a northeasterly trending shear zone. The quartz
lenses are more or less abundantly mineralized with chalcopyrite. Surface sampling by
the company reportedly indicates a length of 1,050 feet, 7.0 feet wide, averaging 7 per
cent copper. Sporadic low values in gold and silver are associated with the copper mineralization. The zone is persistent on strike and drilling shows it to extend at least 700
feet in vertical depth. Work on the property commenced July 28th and was discontinued on September 25th. The average crew consisted of twelve men. A length of 3,485
feet of AX core drilling was done in six deep holes. To obtain samples, 440 feet of EX
core drilling was done in twenty-two shallow holes. Considerable trenching and open-
cutting was done. Some work was done to improve the existing Racing River trail and
in new construction on Delano Creek. The camp was supplied by pack-train and all
heavy equipment was moved in by an S-55 helicopter. There was no permanent construction at the camp. All drilling equipment and supplies have been stored on the ground
and a continuation of the drilling programme is planned for 1959. The property was not
visited.
Copper
(58° 125° N.W.)   Company office, 25 King Street West, Toronto.
Toad River (Fort    J. B. Streit, president; A. D. Wilmot, exploration manager.    The
Reliance Minerals   property is on the Toad River, 18 miles south of Mile 442 on the
Limited) Alaska Highway.   A total of thirty claims are held—nineteen by
location, eight by option agreement from H. Kvikstad, and three
by option agreement from G. L. Johnson. The showings consist of a strong north-south
trending shear zone with an average width of 8 feet that cuts through thin-bedded argillite
and shale having a northerly strike and dipping to the west at 20 degrees. The copper
mineralization occurs in narrow quartz-calcite stringers. Surface sampling by the company was concentrated within a length of 800 feet and reportedly indicated a length of
660 feet with an average width of 9.7 feet and a grade of 5.7 per cent copper. Diamond
drilling commenced on September 17th and was continued until October 26th. Ten AX
holes were drilled with a total length of 1,452 feet. All drilling equipment and supplies
were placed in storage on the property. There was no permanent construction in 1958.
The property was not visited.
* By David Smith. 14
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
CARIBOO*
Wells-Barkerville (53° 121° S.W.)
Gold
Company office, 1007 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver.   W. B.
Aurum and Cariboo Burnett, president.   M. Guiguet, manager; R. E. C. Richards and
Gold Quartz (The
Cariboo Gold
Quartz Mining
Company Limited)
J. W. Wylie, superintendents; J. I. Stone, mill superintendent.
The Cariboo Gold Quartz and Aurum mines operated by this
company are adjacent to the town of Wells, which is 51 miles by
road from Quesnel on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The
mine has two sections—the Quartz, which is the Cariboo Gold
Quartz mine, and the Aurum, which was formerly the Island Mountain mine.
The ore deposits in the Quartz mine are in very irregular quartz veins; those in the
Aurum mine are in tabular sulphide replacement bodies and in irregular quartz veins.
Mining and development work was confined to the No. 1, Tailings, Rainbow, East,
Mosquito, and Aurum zones.
The development footage in all sections of the two mines was as follows: —
Zone
Drifts and
Crosscuts
Raises
Subdrifts
Diamond
Drilling
No. 1	
Ft.
301
57
717
237
802
1,366
Ft.
122
52
326
54
171
Ft.
151
769
Ft.
250
1,505
4,904
1,770
East Fault -	
2,358
1,237
Totals   	
3,480
725
920
12,024
Irregular quartz orebodies are mined by a cut-and-fill method. Replacement ore-
bodies are developed by inclined drifting and are mined by slashing the ore on a retreating
system.   Ore was produced as follows:—
Tons
Cut-and-fill mining   46,982
Retreating system  17,363
Development ore      3,235
Total  67,580
The Quartz mine is ventilated by a Sheldon fan that delivers 20,000 cubic feet per
minute and is driven by a 25-horsepower electric motor. The Aurum mine is ventilated
by a Sturtevant fan that delivers 15,000 cubic feet per minute and is powered by a 15-
horsepower electric motor.
Ore from both mines is milled in the Cariboo Gold Quartz mill. Gold is recovered
by cyanidation.
An active safety programme was maintained at the mine. At the end of the year,
the Provincial Department of Labour presented the mine with a Centennial award. This
award was for a low accident rate of 12.2 accidents per million man-hours.
Production: Ore mined, 67,580 tons; ore milled, 66,880 tons. Recovery: Gold,
27,892 oz.; silver, 3,682 oz.
* By R. B. King. lode metals
LAC LA HACHE*
15
Molybdenum
Takomkane Mountain (52° 120° S.W.)
Boss Mountain
(American Metal
Climax, Inc.)
Company office, 61 Broadway, New York, N.Y.; British Columbia
office, 718 Granville Street, Vancouver. The American Metal
Company and the Climax Molybdenum Company joined to form
American Metal Climax, Inc., at the end of 1957. This new company continued work on the property. The property consists of
eleven Crown-granted claims, Lots 11116 to 11126, inclusive, and seventy-four claims
held by record, all of which are optioned from H. H. Huestis and associates. The
property is on the east side of Takomkane (Big Timothy) Mountain at the headwaters
of Molybdenite Creek. It is served entirely by aircraft from Williams Lake, landings
being made on a small lake near the head of Boss Creek at the southern foot of Takomkane Mountain. From this lake a pack-trail leads over the mountain and down to the
camp near the showings.
Exploration work during 1958 consisted of road and trail work, geophysical mapping, and diamond drilling. A total of 9,090 feet of diamond drilling was completed to
test the extension of two mineralized showings.
LILLOOETf
Gold
Blue Creek (51° 122° S.W.)
The Elizabeth group of four Crown-granted claims is north of Blue
Elizabeth Creek, a tributary of Yalakom River.   It is owned by Elizabeth U.
White, of Vancouver, and T. W. Illidge, of Bralorne.   Access to
the property is by 48 miles of road from Lillooet.
In 1958, 9 tons of ore was shipped to the smelter at Trail.
Gun Creek (50° 122° N.W.)
Cobalt-Gold-JJranium
Northern Gem
Mining Corporation Ltd.
Company office, 510 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. A. R.
Allen, president; Isaac Shulman, managing director; H. R. Shuttle-
worth, superintendent. This property, consisting of eight Crown-
granted and twenty-six recorded mineral claims, is on Roxey Creek
near its headwaters. Roxey Creek flows into Gun Creek, which is
a tributary of the Bridge River. The mine camp, elevation 5,500 feet, is 3 miles from
Gun Creek and 12 miles from the Bridge River road. The mine road branches from the
Bridge River road nearly 2 miles east of Minto.
During the year four men were employed doing assessment work.
Gold
Bridge River (50° 122° N.W.)
Bralorne Mines
Limited!
Company office, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver; mine office, Bralorne. F. R. Joubin, president; M. M. O'Brien, vice-president
and managing director; C. M. Manning, general superintendent;
J. S. Thomson, mine superintendent; C. D. Musser, mill superintendent.   Capital:   1,250,000 shares, no par value.
* By R. B. King.
t By R. B. King, except as noted.
t By Stuart S. Holland and R. B. King. 16
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
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17
The Bralorne mine is on Cadwallader Creek, a tributary of the Bridge River. It is
reached by 51 miles of road from Shalalth or 75 miles of road from Lillooet, both stations on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The company holds about a hundred claims extending along the east side of Cadwallader Creek for about 3 miles upstream from its junction with the Hurley River.
Workings
The underground workings at Bralorne are extensive and have a total length of
about 48.5 miles. The mine comprises four main sections, named from west to east the
King, Queen, Crown, and Empire. Figure 1 shows the Queen, Crown, and Empire
sections as well as the original Coronation shaft; the King section lies about 4,000 feet
west of the Queen shaft.
The King section lies west of the Empire fault. It includes most of the original Lome
workings and in the early 1930's, prior to development of the Empire section, was the
principal section of the mine. Mining finally ceased in the King section in 1940, though
latterly there has been some exploration on No. 20 level in that section and from the
crosscut extending northerly into Taylor Bridge River ground.
The Queen section lies east of the Empire fault. It is named from the Queen shaft,
which is in the footwall of the 77 vein and has been sunk from No. 26 level to No. 36
level, a distance of about 1,500 feet.
The Crown section, named from the Crown shaft, lies in the footwall of the Empire
fault east of the Queen section. The Crown shaft was sunk from No. 8 level to No. 26
level.
The Empire section, southeast of the Crown, is named from the Empire shaft sunk
from No. 3 to No. 26 level. The Empire shaft was originally connected to the King section by a long crosscut on No. 8 level, which constitutes the main haulage level of the
mine. In addition, the Crown and Empire shafts are connected on all levels between
No. 8 and No. 26.
The Coronation shaft, lying southeast of the Empire, was sunk to No. 10 level and
is one of the original mine workings.
Ore from below No. 26 level is hoisted in the Queen shaft to No. 26 level and then
is trammed to the Crown shaft and hoisted to No. 8 level, the main haulage level of the
mine, whence it is hauled to the mill.
Over the years gold production has come principally from the King, Shaft, North,
and " C " veins in the King section, the 53 and 55 veins on the hangingwall side of the
Empire fault, and the 51, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, and 93 veins on the footwall side of the
Empire fault. The total gold production of the mine from 1900 to 1958 is 1,933,095
ounces of gold from 3,930,195 tons of ore.
Vein System
The King vein system is separate from and unrelated to the veins in the Crown and
Empire sections. It is described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 213, pages 80
to 87. Bralorne veins on the footwall side of the Empire fault are quartz-filled fractures
predominantly of two directions {see Fig. 1): (1) Northwesterly trending fractures,
generally striking from north 60 to 75 degrees west and dipping to the northeast, are
occupied by important veins such as the 77 and 51, both of which have been explored
for strike lengths of several thousand feet; (2) easterly trending fractures striking north
75 to 85 degrees east and dipping steeply northward are occupied by the 73, 75, 79, and
93 veins; this direction is also followed by short lengths of vein, even along dominantly
northwesterly fractures. The 85 vein has a northerly strike, a direction of rare occurrence in the mine. 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The northwesterly striking veins occupy shear fractures, which in effect are reverse
faults in which the hangingwall side has moved up and to the northwest. The easterly
striking veins and vein segments occupy tension fractures along which there has been
little movement.
Fault
The Empire fault is a northwesterly striking and southwesterly dipping reverse fault
which on the hangingwall side offsets the veins to the north. Above No. 26 level the
western ends of the 51 and 77 veins were cut by it and a considerable amount of ore was
mined from the faulted portions which are named the 53 and 55 veins on the hangingwall
side of the fault. Drifting on the west end of the 77 vein below No. 26 level has not
reached the downward extension of the Empire fault zone.
Recent Development
The Queen shaft was sunk in the footwall of the 77 vein below No. 26 level to
develop the 77, 79, and 93 veins at depth. The shaft extends to the 36 level, 881 feet
below sea-level. Crosscutting to the 77 vein has been completed on all levels down to
No. 33 and the vein drifted out on these levels. Drifts on the vein have been extremely
successful in developing ore. Annual reports of the company have published the following dimensions of ore on the four lowest levels:—
Level
Length of
Ore
Average
Width
Assay
30	
Ft.
1,081
964
1,009
1,127
Ft.
6.3
7.1
7.27
8.1
Oz. Gold
per Ton
1.09
31                                                      --	
1.20
32 	
1.15
33 	
0.99
In the course of mining it has been found that veins commonly may veer from a
northwesterly trending shear fracture to an easterly trending tension fracture. This
characteristic is shown in Figure 1 by the 51 vein on No. 20 level. Similarly it has
been found that below No. 28 level the western end of the 77 vein has veered from a strike
of north 75 degrees west to one of north 75 degrees east; it is taking the course of the 93
vein and in actuality may be occupying the 93 vein fracture.
Over the past five years the amount of gold produced from the 77 vein has increased
from 49 per cent of the mine total in 1954 to 94 per cent in 1958. In view of the increased importance of the vein it is significant that on the deeper levels much of the ore
is in the western end of the vein, where it follows the 93 vein direction.
Current Development
In 1958 the Queen shaft was sunk 251 feet and Nos. 34, 35, and 36 levels were
established.   Loading-pockets, transfer-raises, and pumping-stations were completed.
Development work comprised: 3,388 feet of drifting, 3,064 feet of crosscutting,
713 feet of raising, and 13,100 feet of diamond drilling. This development work was
mainly in the Queen shaft section to explore the 77, 79, 85, 93, and 103 veins.
Ore is mined principally by cut-and-fill and shrinkage stoping. The tonnage of ore
mined was as follows:— Tons
Cut and fill  92,556
Shrinkage   56,764
Development  9,402
Raising  1,795
Total  160.517 lode metals
[9 20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The mine is ventilated mechanically by fans circulating about 75,000 cubic feet a
minute through the mine workings. Air is brought from surface to No. 25 level,
where it is passed through a water-cooling plant. Fans distribute the cooled air through
the working and exhaust the vitiated air. In 1958, 987 feet of ventilation raise was
driven and a total of 1,550 feet of raise was slashed to 12 feet in diameter.
Through the combined efforts of all employees the number of days lost due to
accidents decreased by 30 per cent from the 1957 average. Supervisors' course, safety
discussions, first-aid and mine-rescue classes were held during the year.
In the mill, ore is treated by amalgamation, blanket concentration, and flotation.
A sulphide concentrate made by flotation is shipped to the Tacoma smelter. Production:
Ore milled, 146,358 tons.   Recovery: Gold, 99,489 oz.; silver, 21,119 oz.
Company office,  525  Seymour Street, Vancouver;   mine office,
Pioneer Gold       Pioneer Mine.   Hon. F. M. Ross, president; W. B. Montgomery,
Mines of B.C.      general manager;   H. D. M. Jager, general superintendent;   T.
Limited* Bevister, mill superintendent.   The property is on Cadwallader
Creek, a tributary of Bridge River, and is about 78 miles by road
from Lillooet on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
Production from Pioneer has come mainly from two veins—the Main vein and the
27 vein which since 1948 has contributed the bulk of production. The Main vein strikes
northwestward and dips steeply northward and occupies a reverse fault comparable to
those occupied by the 51 and 77 veins at Bralorne. The 27 was a blind vein and does
not extend far above No. 16 level. The vein lies on the hangingwall side of the Main
vein, strikes about north 20 degrees east, and dips about 55 degrees to the northwest.
The 27 vein occupies a complex fracture system comprising northeasterly striking shear
elements and northerly striking tension elements. Flatter dipping splits in the footwall
of the 27 vein occupying tensional fractures contribute to the complexity of the vein
system.
The mine is worked from No. 2 and No. 3 shafts and an inclined three-compartment
winze, designated No. 5 shaft.   No. 5 shaft services No. 26 to No. 29 levels.
In 1958 an intensive effort was made to find ore in the 27 and other veins. Development work was done to explore the 27, 40, 89, and 92 veins.   Details are as follows:—
Level
Drifting
Crosscutting
Raising
0                                                         ..  -	
1
Ft.
146.5        |
31.5        |
1,183.0
         j
Ft
17.0
	
Ft.
147.0
20                                  	
648.3
25                                                          - -	
665.5
26	
197.0
27                                                             	
53.0
83.5
67.0        |
	
28
505.5
29   - - - -  	
93.0
132.0
1,564.5        |
1
775.5
1,630.0
Diamond drilling totalling 17,594 feet was completed. Of this, 15,507 feet was
done underground and 2,087 feet was drilled from surface.
Ore is mined by shrinkage, and by cut-and-fill stoping methods. The stopes are
filled with sands from mill tailings. During the year 105,273 tons of ore was broken
underground.
The mine is ventilated by a 48-inch-diameter Jeffrey Aerodyne fan which delivers
70,000 cubic feet of air per minute from surface down a ventilation raise to No. 5 shaft
and from there down to 29 level. Air is circulated through the mine workings and is
upcast through No. 2 and No. 3 shafts.
* By Stuart S. Holland and R. B. King. lode metals
21
In the mill the ore is treated by cyanidation. In 1958, 105,442 tons of ore was
milled, from which 49,651 ounces of gold was produced; an additional 202 ounces was
recovered from slag shipped to the Tacoma smelter.
PUKAIST CREEK*
Copper
Louis (New
Hamil Silver-Lead
Mines Ltd.)
(50° 121° N.W.) Company office, 204, 569 Howe Street, Vancouver. R. A. Brossard, president. This company controls a total
of fifty recorded claims in the lower section of Pukaist Creek about
3 miles from its confluence with the Thompson River. The area
is largely underlain by rocks of the Guichon batholith. Geophysical surveys were carried out in the summer months and about 800 feet Of diamond drilling was done.   The work was under the supervision of A. R. Allen.
HIGHLAND VALLEYf
Copper
(50°  121° N.E.)    Company office,  1004,  850 West Hastings
Krain Copper Ltd.   Street, Vancouver.   D. F. Farris, president.   This company holds
ninety-three claims and fractions east of the north peak of Forge
Mountain, in the Krain, D.W., and R.K. groups.   Northwestern Explorations, Limited,
dropped its option on this property at the end of 1958.
Work in 1958 by Northwestern Explorations was supervised by D. A. Barr. It included one diamond-drill hole 633 feet long, which intersected the southeast part of the
mineralized zone on the Krain Copper claim. This zone, which is oxidized at the northwest end, is now known to extend 1,200 feet with an average width of 200 feet; the
deepest drill intersection on it is between 400 and 500 feet below the surface. Other
work in 1958 consisted of 2,000 feet of bulldozer trenching, mainly on the R.K. group,
as well as electrical, magnetometer, geochemical, and geological surveys. One mile of
road was built, and 2J/2 miles of telephone-line installed. A shower-house was constructed.   An average crew of twelve men was employed from June to October.
(50° 120° N.W.) Company office, 809, 837 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. George L. Conn, president. This company holds
about 100 claims and fractions north and east of the south peak
of Forge Mountain. Work in 1958 was restricted to geological and
These were directed by W. H. White and F. J. Hemsworth. An
average crew of five men was employed for three months. In addition, a watchman was
kept on the property throughout the year. Newmont Mining Corporation of Canada
Limited optioned the property at the end of 1958.
(50° 120° S.W.)   Company office, 814, 402 West Pender Street,
Bethlehem Copper  Vancouver.   H. H. Huestis, president; R. E. Hamilton, mine man-
Corporation Ltd.    ager.    This company holds 112 claims and fractions immediately
east of Quiltanton (Divide) Lake.    According to estimates published by Bethlehem Copper Corporation in May, surface drilling done by American
Smelting and Refining Company since 1955 indicates 50 million tons of material grading
0.65 per cent copper in the Jersey zone and 9.5 million tons grading 0.95 per cent copper
in the East Jersey zone.   The Iona zone contains an additional large tonnage whose grade
is more uncertain.   In 1958 American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. did 6,752
feet of diamond drilling, mainly in the East Jersey zone, and about 1,660 feet of rotary
test-hole drilling.   The work was supervised by C. J. Coveney.   The option on the property was dropped in May.
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd.
geophysical surveys.
* By A. R. C. James.
f By J. M. Carr. 22 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Bethlehem Copper resumed operations in May. A contract for tunnelling was given
to Intermountain Construction Ltd. The camp on the south side of Divide Lake was reestablished and by the end of the year was equipped with power, water-supply, new cookhouse, and dry. A portal-site was cleared 2,600 feet west of Jersey Lake at 4,600 feet
elevation. A machine-shop and power-house were erected, together with an office building, assay office, and sampling plant. The 4600 level adit was begun in July and is
directed due east. At the end of 1958 it was 2,840 feet long and had reached the fringe
of the Jersey zone. The adit is 7 by 7 feet finished size and is about one-third timbered.
The tunnel penetrates younger quartz-diorite for 1,640 feet, then older quartz-diorite for
970 feet followed by dacite porphyry and breccia. Dykes of quartz-diorite porphyry
were intersected at 880 and 2,150 feet, respectively.
Thirty-two men were employed at the end of the year, including ten employed by
Bethlehem Copper.
(50° 1211N.E.)    This group of thirty-three claims and fractions
Beaver adjoins the northwest boundary of the Bethlehem property and is
held jointly by Farwest Mining Limited (previously named Farwest
Tungsten Copper Mines Limited) and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited (office of
both companies, 1075 Melville Street, Vancouver).   Part of the group was optioned by
American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. until the end of 1958.
In 1958 American Smelting and Refining drilled three short rotary test-holes. Work
by Farwest consisted of prospecting and of soil sampling at 200-foot intervals on lines
spaced at 400 feet over the entire group. In addition, reconnaissance electrical surveys
were carried out over selected lines. The work was done by two men under the direction
of W. M. Sirola, chief geologist.
(50° 120° N.W.)    This group adjoins the Beaver group and the
Lodge north boundary of the Bethlehem property.    It comprises thirty-
six claims and fractions which are held by Northlodge Copper
Mines Limited (company office, 1075 Melville Street, Vancouver). The property was
optioned by American Smeltine and Refining Company until the end of 1958 and three
short rotary test-holes were drilled. Work by Northlodge consisted of geochemical and
geophysical prospecting by two men from June to August.
(50°  120° S.W.)    This group of forty-four claims and fractions
Outrider adjoins the east boundary of the Bethlehem property and is held
by Farwest Mining Limited.   In 1958 Northwestern Explorations,
Limited, did electrical and geochemical surveys and geological mapping over parts of
the group.
(50°  120° S.W.)    This group of eight claims adjoins the east
Hat boundary of the Outrider group and is held by Northlodge Copper
Mines Limited.  American Smelting and Refining Company dropped
its option in August, whereupon Northwestern Explorations, Limited, did electrical and
geochemical surveys and geological mapping.
(50° 120° N.W.)    These groups are immediately north and east
Bob, Star, Cow,     of Bose Lake and adjoin the Lodge and Outrider groups.    The
and B.X. Bob and Star groups comprise fifty-four claims and fractions which
are held by Torwest Resources Ltd. (company office, 1001, 837
West Hastings Street, Vancouver).    The Cow and B.X. groups comprise twenty-eight
claims and fractions which are held by B.X. Mining Company Limited (company office,
1500, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver).   In 1958 the groups were optioned by Noranda
Exploration Company, Limited.    Camp was established at Bose Lake and an average
of nine men was employed from July to September under the supervision of O. W. Nichols. LODE METALS
23
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd., 4600 level adit portal, August, 1958.
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd., Craigmont 3500 level adit portal, August, 1958. 24 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Work consisted of an electromagnetic survey of the property together with geological
mapping. Some bulldozer trenching was done on an old showing on the B.X. group.
Five miles of road was constructed.   The options were dropped at the end of the summer.
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited.—(50° 121° S.E.) Company office, 303, 1075
Melville Street, Vancouver. D. F. Farris, president. This company holds fifty claims
west of Divide Lake. Northwestern Explorations, Limited, dropped its option and no
work was done on this property in 1958.
(50° 120° S.W.)   Company office, 204, 717 West Pender Street,
Jericho Mines      Vancouver.    James R. Murray, president.    This company holds
Limited about fifty-six claims and fractions south of Witches Brook about
7 miles east of Divide Lake.   Until late in the year the property
included more than 1,000 claims and was optioned by Anson Mines Limited, which is
a subsidiary of Phelps Dodge Corporation of Canada, Limited (Vancouver office, 904,
1030 West Georgia Street).   In 1958 work by Anson Mines Limited was supervised by
M. G. Mooney and included six diamond-drill holes totalling 1,470 feet, together with
magnetometer surveys of parts of the property.   Three holes were drilled south and west
of Pimainus Lake.   The other three holes were drilled east of and adjacent to Witches
Brook.
Jericho Mines discovered a small high-grade copper showing about 1 mile west of
Billy Lake. This showing is reached by a road constructed for about 8 miles from the
camp near Witches Brook. At the end of the year five men were employed under the
supervision of W. E. McArthur.
PIMAINUS LAKE*
Copper
(50°   121° S.E.)    Company office,  1111, 1030 West Georgia
Northwestern      Street, Vancouver.   J. A. Gower, manager.    This company holds
Explorations,       a large number of claims along the west margin of the Guichon
Limited Creek batholith south of Pimainus Lake.    The claims comprise
the P.E.H., B.J., Eye, and Sku groups. Work in 1958 was supervised by J. J. Brummer and C. S. Ney, and consisted of prospecting, geological mapping,
magnetic surveying, and geochemical surveying. The existing road to Pimainus Lake
from Highland Valley was improved and a small amount of hand-trenching was done
on the Eye group. On the average sixteen men were employed from May to October on
these groups and on others held by Northwestern Explorations in the Guichon Creek and
Merritt areas.
GUICHON CREEK*
Copper
(50°  120° N.W.)    Company office, 1111, 1030 West Georgia
Northwestern      Street, Vancouver.   J. A. Gower, manager.   This company holds
Explorations,       a large number of claims along the east margin of the Guichon
Limited Creek batholith south of Witches Brook and west of Guichon
Creek.   The claims constitute the J.B. group.   Work in 1958 was
supervised by J. J. Brummer and C. S. Ney, and consisted of prospecting, geological
mapping, magnetic surveying, and geochemical surveying.    Two and one-half miles of
road was constructed.
Copper MERRITTf
The discovery of the Craigmont orebody in 1957 led to vigorous exploration of the
surrounding area in 1958.   The Craigmont mine is on the east slope of Promontory Hills
* By J. M. Carr.
f By J. M. Carr, except as noted. LODE METALS
25
about 10 miles northwest of Merritt. The orebody is close to the south margin of the
Guichon Creek batholith and is a skarn deposit in stratified rocks of the Nicola series.
Equivalent rocks which outcrop at Lookout Point, some 2Vi miles west-southwest of the
orebody, include limestones, tuffaceous limestones, limy tuffs, vitric and lithic tuffs, and
greywackes. At Lookout Point these rocks possess moderate to steep dips and strike
generally east-northeast, toward Craigmont. In addition to the Guichon Creek batholith,
which extends north for a distance of some 40 miles, plutonic rocks underlie parts of the
area southeast of Lookout Point and east of Guichon Creek, respectively, and may be
extensions or satellites of the batholith. Volcanic rocks of the Kingsvale group cover
parts of the area south and southwest of the Craigmont ore zone. In the most westerly
holes which have been drilled in the ore zone, Kingsville rocks overlie weathered and
altered Nicola rocks and are believed to be later than the mineralization.
Elevations range from 2,000 feet at Nicola River and Guichon Creek to 5,688 feet
at Lookout Point. The climate is semi-arid, and many of the creeks have a seasonal flow.
Access to the various properties is by dirt roads either from Craigmont mine, from the
Merritt-Spences Bridge Highway, or from the road between Lower Nicola and the
Aberdeen mine. The Canadian Pacific Railway branch line and a gas pipe-line both
pass through Merritt.
[References: Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 249 (Nicola Map-area), 1948; Minister
of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1957, p. 28.]
(50° 120° S.W.)    Head office, 700, 1030 West Georgia Street,
Craigmont        Vancouver.   R. G. Duthie, superintendent, Merritt; C. C. Rennie,
(Birkett Creek Mine resident geologist.    This private company was formed in July,
Operators Ltd.)     1958.   It is controlled by Canadian Exploration Limited together
with Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, and Peerless Oil
and Gas Company.   Craigmont Mines Limited is a non-voting participant.   The company
controls 157 claims and fractions owned by Craigmont Mines Limited, of which fourteen
have been legally surveyed.   The Craigmont orebody is on Merrell Nos. 7 and 8 claims
and McLeod Nos. 5 and 6 claims, and is south of the north fork of Birkett Creek at
surface elevations between 3,800 and 4,200 feet.
In 1958 Canadian Exploration Limited directed exploration up to July, when
responsibility passed to Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd. From November, 1957, to
December, 1958, twenty-two holes totalling 15,404 feet were diamond drilled from
surface. Of these, sixteen encountered mineralization. From December, 1957, to May,
1958, twenty-five rotary drill-holes totalling 1,392 feet were made in preparation for
diamond drilling. Approximately 2,000 feet of bulldozer stripping was done in five
separate areas and about 10 miles of roads were constructed. A new road 4.2 miles
long with a 5-per-cent grade was built from the Aberdeen road to the portal-site,
and the Aberdeen road was widened and improved. Magnetometer surveys were made
on sixty-two claims and fractions and some geological mapping was done.
Underground work started in July, 1958, and by the end of the year a complete
plant was installed. It included dry-house, temporary offices, warehouse, core-house,
combined shops and power plant, and water system with water-tank. Equipment included one Ingersoll-Rand 500-c.f.m. compressor, two LeRoi 500-c.f.m. compressors,
one D 1300 75-kw. Caterpiller diesel generator set, and a D 1300 59-kw. Caterpillar
diesel standby generator. An adit was directed north 70 degrees west from a portal-site
on the north fork of Birkett Creek at 3,516 feet elevation, and at the end of the year was
1,066 feet long. The first 700 feet is fully timbered and measures 9 by 9 feet, finished
size. The remaining length is half timbered and measures 9 feet high by 8 feet wide,
finished size. An Ingersoll-Rand ABJ three-boom jumbo is used. Granby-type cars
are hauled by a Mancha 6-ton diesel locomotive and a Ruth 3-ton diesel standby locomotive. 26 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
In 1958 the number of men employed on the property varied from fifteen to thirty-
five, including drillers on contract. At the end of the year a total of twenty-eight men
were employed. Underground work was on a three-shift basis, and all employees lived
in Merritt.
The orebody is in an area devoid of outcrops. It has been exposed by recent trenching near hole No. 7, where it underlies about 6 feet of glacial drift. The nearest rock
outcrops are about 1,000 feet north of the orebody, and are of altered and slightly mineralized quartz-diorite. The contact between the Guichon Creek batholith and the Nicola
series possibly follows the north fork of Birkett Creek and apparently passes through a
copper showing more than 1 mile to the east, on the former Eric claim. The orebody
was found by drilling a strong positive magnetic anomaly. As shown by surface drilling,
the mineralized zone strikes about north 80 degrees east and dips steeply south in the
upper portions. At greater depths there is some indication of dip reversal. Mineralization is apparently continuous for a length of 1,750 feet across widths up to 200 feet.
Its full extent both laterally and in depth is not yet determined. Probable ore reserves
between 13 and 14 million tons grading about 1.8 per cent copper and 17 per cent iron
were estimated in November, 1958, by both the consultants and the operators.
The following description is based on examination of the core from holes Nos. 7,
13, 15, 19, and 21, together with information provided by the resident geologist. Wall-
rocks are greywacke and quartzofeldspathic tuff on the north, and andesite, quartzofelds-
pathic tuff, and mixed tuffs on the south in the western portion; a diorite dyke forms the
south wall in the eastern portion. The ore zone consists of limy rocks altered to skarn
and other rocks so heavily mineralized that their original lithology is uncertain. Actino-
lite, garnet, epidote, quartz, calcite, and chlorite constitute the gangue, together with pink
orthoclase feldspar which in places is very abundant. Tourmaline was identified in thin
section. Mineralization consists of magnetite, specular hematite, or both, with masses,
irregular veinlets, and disseminations of chalcopyrite. Some of the hematite is distinctly
magnetic. Bornite is rare and pyrite is only locally abundant in the ore zone. Oxidation
is slight.
The adit on the 3500 level penetrated 326 feet of glacial till, 300 feet of weathered
dark tuffs, and then diorite with small amounts of sulphide. The easterly extension of
the mineralized zone was intersected early in 1959.
(50° 120° S.W.)    These groups are held by I. Schulman, Van-
P.C.M., Cap,       couver.    They consist of sixty-five claims on the south slopes of
and Domino        Promontory Hills at elevations which average 3,000 feet.    From
March to August, 1958, the property was optioned by Centennial
Mines Ltd. (company office, 700 Burrard Street, Vancouver), which did work that included geological mapping and dip-needle and magnetometer surveys of the entire property.   In this period, up to six men were employed under the direction of T. S. Smith
and J. C. Foweraker, successively.   From August the property was optioned jointly by
Centennial Mines Ltd. and Magnum Copper Limited.   Additional geophysical and geological work was then done on the Domino group before work ceased in December.
Several small magnetic anomalies attributed to magnetite in andesite were discovered on
the property.
(50° 120° S.W.)   This group adjoins the P.C.M., Cap, and Dom-
Hank ino groups and is held by I. Schulman, Vancouver.   It consists of
thirty-six claims at elevations between 4,000 and 4,500 feet. In
September, 1958, the group was optioned jointly by Centennial Mines Ltd. and Magnum
Copper Limited. Following geological mapping and geophysical work, attention was
concentrated on an intense magnetic anomaly on the Hank No. 30 claim. Three bulldozer trenches were made, of which one exposed a small amount of chalcopyrite, and
three diamond-drill holes were put down which totalled 1,746 feet.   No mineralization LODE METALS
27
is reported to have been intersected other than above-average amounts of finely disseminated magnetite. A detailed spontaneous polarization survey was made over the anomaly.
In addition to the above work, a dip-needle survey was completed of twenty-one claims,
IVz miles of road was built, and a core-house constructed. From four to eight men were
employed under the supervision of J. C. Foweraker. Work ceased in December and the
option was dropped shortly after.
Prior to the option, W. Taylor and associates did a large amount of bulldozer stripping on the Hank No. 1 claim, approximately one-half mile south of the anomaly.
Noranda Exploration Company,
Limited
British Columbia office, 202, 2256 West Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver. B. O. Brynelsen, manager. In 1958 this company held
by location or option a large number of claims in the Merritt area
in four separate properties. A field office was established in
Merritt and a large crew was employed under the supervision of
M. M. Menzies and other geologists.   All options were subsequently dropped.
{a) Merritt Property.—(50° 120° S.W.) Work was chiefly concentrated on this
property, which adjoins the south and southeast boundaries of the Craigmont property.
It consists of 135 claims and fractions held by Noranda. Up to fifteen men were
employed from early January to August, 1958. Work consisted of line-cutting and surveying, followed by electromagnetic, magnetometer, dip-needle, and geological surveying. Five holes totalling 1,689 feet were diamond drilled to test some of the anomalies
found.   Some road building was done.
{b) Tyner Lake Property.-— (50° 120° S.W.) This surrounds Tyner Lake at the
north end of the Craigmont property and consists of 114 claims held by W. Rand. Work
done by Noranda Exploration Company consisted of surveying, geological mapping, and
electromagnetic surveying the whole property. Over 5 miles of road was constructed
between the Aberdeen road and an existing road at Farr Lake. A camp was established
at Tyner Lake and seven men were employed from June to August, 1958, under the
suprevision of S. G. Bruce.
(c) Farr Lake Property.—(50° 120° S.W.) This is near the west boundary of
the Tyner Lake property and consists of fifty-four claims held by Midnight Consolidated
Mines Ltd. The property was optioned by Noranda in 1957. Work done in 1958 consisted of the geological mapping of part of the property and extension of the road from
Tyner Lake to join the road from Farr Lake to Dot.
(d) Gordon Creek Property.—(50° 121° S.E.) This is 4 miles east of Dot
railway station. It consists of forty-seven claims making up part of the W.P. group,
which is held by Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd. In 1958 work by Noranda
Exploration Company consisted of surveying, geological mapping, and electromagnetic
surveying of the entire property. Some bulldozer trenching was done and existing roads
were improved. An electromagnetic anomaly that was trenched was reported to be due
to a thin coal-bed. Camp was established on the property and an average crew of six
men was employed from May to July under the supervision of D. Carson.
(50°  120° S.W.)    Company office,  1111,  1030 West Georgia
Northwestern      Street, Vancouver.   J. A. Gower, manager.  This company holds
Explorations,       the C.J.S. and J.S.S. groups.   The C.J.S. group adjoins the east
Limited boundary at the W.P. group and the west boundary of the Craig
mont property. The J.S.S. group is near Jesse Creek, 4 miles north
of Merritt. Work in 1958 was supervised by J. J. Brummer and C. S. Ney and consisted
of prospecting, geological mapping, magnetic surveying, and geochemical surveying. On
the C.J.S. group IVi miles of road was constructed. 28 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(50° 120° S.W.)    Company office, 204, 569 Howe Street, Van-
P. L. (New couver.    R. A. Brossard, president.   This company controls a
Hamil Silver-Lead   group of forty-eight recorded claims on the north side of the
Mines Ltd.)*       Merritt-Spences Bridge Highway, about 3 miles west of Lower
Nicola.   A magnetometer survey was carried out and about 700
feet of diamond drilling was done.   Four men were employed.   A. R. Allen supervised
the work.
Lead-Zinc
(50° 120° S.W.)    This property, comprising two recorded claims,
Gem (New Jersey   is 5 miles south-southeast of Merritt, and about one-half mile south
Zinc Explorations   of the summit of Iron Mountain.   It is a part restaking of the old
Company (Canada) Leadville or Comstock of B.C. property.   Showings of lead-zinc
Ltd.)* mineralization were discovered in 1927 and development work was
done from 1927 to 1930, and again in 1947 when the property
was known as the Lucky Todd mine.   An inclined shaft was sunk 100 feet on a quartz-
barite-galena vein, at which point the vein is stated to have been displaced by a fault.
A total of 36 tons of ore was shipped in 1947.
The present company diamond drilled one hole 87 feet horizontally from a point
120 feet northeast of the shaft. Work was commenced on October 27th and finished on
November 5th. Two men were employed.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1928, p. 224; 1929, p. 245.
Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 249, p. 81.]
ASPEN GROVE*
Copper
(49° 120° N.W.)    Company office, 902, 718 Granville Street,
Alscope Explora-   Vancouver.   N. Martini, president, Passaic, N.J., U.S.A., V. M.
tions Limited      Petroskey, secretary, Vancouver.    Capital:    10,000,000 shares,
no par value.    This company controls thirty-two claims in the
Kentucky Lake area.   A magnetometer survey was begun in the latter part of the year,
but was later suspended due to heavy snow conditions.
SWAKUM MOUNTAIN*
Copper
(50° 120° S.W.)   Company Office, 400, 837 West Hastings Street,
Torwest Resources Vancouver.    W. E. Garnett, president;   W. H. Taylor, resident
Limited manager.    This company controls fourteen Crown-granted and
146 recorded claims situated mainly on the north and east sides
of Swakum Mountain, 9 miles north of Nicola. Access is by road from Nicola up the
valleys of Clapperton and Shuta Creeks. The claims include a number of old properties
such as the Thelma, Alameda, Last Chance, and Gold Gozzan. Mineralization in this
area was discovered in 1916 and intermittent work has been done since that time; small
test shipments of gold, copper, lead, and zinc ores have been made. During the Second
World War the Last Chance group was investigated and diamond drilled as a possible
source of scheelite. The claims are entirely underlain by rocks of the Nicola group comprising greenstones interbedded with limestone. Mineral deposits include veins, disseminations, and replacements carrying lead, zinc, and copper minerals.
• By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS
29
MEADOW CREEK*
Copper
Vanex
(Vanex Minerals
Limited)
(50° 120° S.W.) Company office, 902, 718 Granville Street,
Vancouver. N. Martini, president, Passaic, N.J., U.S.A.; W. M.
Petroskey, secretary, Vancouver. Capital: 5,000,000 shares, 50
cents par value. The company holds 120 claims by record in the
Meadow Creek area, 25 miles due north of Merritt. Also the company has entered into a development agreement with Dunmore Mines Ltd. on an additional fifty-one claims which adjoin the Vanex holdings to the south. The property is
accessible by road from Merritt via Mamit Lake, or from Kamloops. The entire area
is underlain by rocks of the Nicola group. Copper mineralization on the Dunmore Mines
Ltd. property has been known for many years and some exploration work has been done
in this locality in recent years.
The present company commenced operations in June. A magnetometer survey was
carried out and it is reported that this indicated an anomaly in the area north of Hom-
fray Lake. A small camp was established on the property, and diamond drilling commenced at the beginning of October was still in progress at the end of the year. A crew
of eleven men was employed under the supervision of S. B. McBeath.
KAMLOOPS*
Copper
D. M. (Cadamet
Mines Limited)!
(50° 120° N.W.) Company office, 1116, 85 Richmond Street
West, Toronto. T. J. Day, president. This company (formerly
named Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited) holds 117 claims
which lie mainly south of the Trans-Canada Highway about 11
miles west of Kamloops.   The property consists of the D.M. group and the Afton group,
on which the old Pothook copper prospect is situated.
In 1958 the property was optioned by Noranda Exploration Company, Limited,
which dropped the option late in the year.   Work by Noranda was directed by A. D. K.
Burton and included geological mapping together with electromagnetic and self-potential
surveying.    Several bulldozer trenches were made and 800 feet of diamond drilling
(BX core) was done.
(50° 120° N.E.)   Company office, 919, 736 Granville Street, Van-
Makaoo Develop-   couver.   L. G. Wood, president;  W. I. Nelson, manager.   This
ment Company     company holds five Crown-granted claims and seventy-two re-
Limited corded claims in the vicinity of Coal Hill, about 3 miles southwest
of Kamloops.   This and other properties occurring in the eastern
part of the Iron Mask batholith were fully described in the 1956 Annual Report, pages
47 to 69.
In 1958 a total of 220 feet of surface trenching was done and 66 feet of diamond
drilling.   Self-potential geophysical work was done over an area of about twenty acres.
Fat Chance (New
Jersey Zinc Explora
tion Company
(Canada) Limited)
(50° 120° N.E.) Vancouver office, 905, 525 Seymour Street,
Vancouver. This company holds twenty-one recorded claims about
1 Vi miles west of Knutsford. Geological mapping and geophysical
surveys were carried out over parts of the property. These claims
have no important surface showings but they lie within the geologically favourable area of the Iron Mask batholith.
* By A. R. C. James, except as noted.
f By J. M. Carr. 30 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
BIRCH ISLAND*
Fluorite-Celestite-Uranium
(51° 119° N.W.)   Head office, 550 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal;
Rexspar Uranium   mine office, Birch Island.   Philip Joseph, president, Montreal; John
& Metals Mining   W. Scott, manager, Birch Island.   Capital:   6,500,000 shares, $1
Company Limited   par value.   The Rexspar property is in the Red Ridge area, 2 to 3
miles south of Birch Island on the Canadian National Railway, 81
miles by rail or 90 miles by road north of Kamloops.   The property comprises 124 claims
and fractions, of which forty claims and fractions are held by Crown grant, seventy-three
claims and fractions by record, and eleven claims and fractions by lease from Deer Horn
Mines Limited.   A brief history and description of the property was given in the Annual
Report for 1957.
In 1958 no further exploration of the Rexspar orebodies was carried out. It is
reported that negotiations on the major financing necessary to bring the property into
production were still unconeluded at the end of 1958, but in the meantime the work begun
in 1957 in preparation for the construction of an aerial tram-fine and mill was continued.
In the main plant area 1,000 feet of spur track was laid, loading-platforms and storage
sheds were built by the track, the grinding-plant foundations were poured, and other building areas were stripped of topsoil and rough graded. A gravel pit near the plant-site
was worked and 800 cubic yards of aggregate stocked. The aerial tram-line right-of-way
was widened from 35 to 70 feet throughout the 900-foot length, all intermediate tower-
sites were graded and access roads built to them, and the upper tram-terminal site was
stripped and rough graded. On the property itself the B zone open-pit area was cleared
of trees and stumps and prepared for stripping. At the mine camp a small tunnel and
raise system totalling 120 feet was driven in the mine camp area to tap springs for a
permanent camp water-supply.
In addition to the Rexspar property, the company holds thirty-two claims by option
agreement and thirty-seven claims by record on Foghorn Mountain a few miles to the
south. In 1958 a 7-mile jeep-road was made from the Rexspar camp to this property.
Geiger and scintillometer surveys were carried out over a wide area, following up earlier
indications of radioactivity, and this work was followed by some trenching on the best
showings. It is reported by the company that the showings found were small and sporadic
though of high grade. Geophysical surveys, including self-potential, electromagnetic, and
soil-testing surveys, were carried out in an area of old lead-zinc showings, and some bulldozer trenching was done on anamolies found. The company reports that the results of
this work were rather discouraging but that some possibilities remain to be investigated.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1957, pp. 31-32; 1954, pp.
108-111.]
SIMILKAMEEN RIVER*
Copper
(49°  120°  S.W.)    Company office,  904,  1030 West Georgia
Ilk (Phelps Dodge   Street, Vancouver.  W. A. Hutchison, general manager, Toronto;
Corporation        D. C. Malcolm, resident geologist, Vancouver. The sixteen claims
of Canada, Ltd.)    and fractions comprising this property were optioned from Len and
Irvine Ashley in October, 1958.   It is the old Wheeler property in
the vicinity of Friday Creek, on the west side of the Similkameen River, about 10 miles
south of Princeton.   Access is by means of a 3-mile road leaving the Hope-Princeton
Highway at a point approximately 5 miles south of Whipsaw Creek.  The area is on the
margin of the Copper Mountain stock and the presence of copper mineralization has
been known for many years but prospecting has been difficult due to lack of outcrops.
* By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS 31
The company commenced dip-needle and geochemical surveys and 1,600 feet of
bulldozer trenching was done. Overburden was more than 40 feet thick in places. Three
men were employed under the supervision of M. G. Mooney.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1929, p. 277. Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 243 (1947), p. 89.]
HEDLEY*
Gold
(49° 120° S.E.) Company office, 314, 718 Granville Street,
French (French     Vancouver; mine office, Hedley.  W. B. Burnett, president; J. S.
Mines Ltd.) Biggs, mine superintendent. The French mine is on the Oregon
mineral claim, about 8 miles by road from Hedley and Wi miles
east of the Hedley-Nickel Plate road at an elevation of 3,900 feet. The property includes
three Crown-granted and thirteen recorded claims.
The orebody consists of gold-bearing skarn ranging up to 12 feet thick with many
minor folds and faults. It is in general rather flat lying and irregular and has been mined
for a distance of about 620 feet along the strike and from 40 to 80 feet in width. The
main part of the orebody is flat lying at the 3,920-foot level, but the eastern section dips
from 25 to 45 degrees northeast to the 3,785-foot level and a section in the central part
of the orebody dips steeply northwest to the 3,835-foot level. Recent mining and
development seems to indicate that the eastern section of the ore-bearing ground has a
general northeasterly dip into the mountain. The orebody is cut by a number of faults,
including the flat-lying Cariboo fault which strikes northeastward and at present forms
the eastern limit of the orebody. So far no extension has been found east of this fault in
spite of considerable exploration work carried out during the year.
The showings were originally discovered in the early years of the century, but
mineralization at the surface was mainly copper and the grade was low. Intermittent
development work was done from 1905 to 1917. In 1949 Kelowna Mines Hedley Limited obtained control of the property. From 1950 to 1955 a total of 32,463 tons of ore
was mined. In 1956 a controlling interest in the property was acquired by The Cariboo
Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited, and a new company, French Mines Ltd., was
formed.   Production under the present company began in August, 1957.
The mine is developed from three adit levels—the 3,920-foot (Kelowna) level, the
3,835-foot (Granby) level, and the 3,785-foot (Cariboo) level. In 1958 mining and
development was carried out on all three levels, but mainly in the east section of the
mine between the 3,920 and 3,785 levels. The ore is mined in open stopes and is transported by slusher to ore-passes.  The following is a summary of work done in 1958:—
Drifting ft.       356
Raising ft.       332
Diamond drilling, surface (1 hole) ft.       147
Diamond drilling, underground (32 holes) ft.    2,530
Ore milled tons 13,820
Gold recovered oz.    8,607
The ore is transported by truck from the mine to the crushing plant and 50-ton
cyanide mill which is situated in the Similkameen Valley just south of Hedley. A crew
of twenty men is employed in all operations. There were no compensable accidents
during the year.
* By A. R. C. James. 32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
KEREMEOS*
Gold-Silver
(49°  119° S.W.)    Company office, 1024, 85 Richmond Street
Horn Silver (Can-   West, Toronto 1, Ont.; mine office, Keremeos.   W. L. Hodgson,
ada Radium Cor-   president, Scarborough, Ont.;  H. Parliament, resident engineer,
poration Limited)   Keremeos.   Capital:  7,500,000 shares, no par value.  This company controls the old Horn Silver property, comprising the Horn
Silver and Silver Bell Crown-granted claims and seven recorded claims. The property is
on the east slope of Richter Mountain, 16 miles south of Keremeos and 4 miles north of
the Internationl Boundary.   Access is by road from Keremeos to a point near the foot of
Richter Mountain, from where a short side road leads to the ore-loading platform at
1,300 feet elevation. The adit portals at 2,622 feet elevation are reached by a steep jeep-
trail 1 mile long.
The property was first developed in the early years of the century. Further development and production took place from 1915 to 1933 when a total of 5,824 tons of ore
was mined, yielding 667 ounces of gold and 245,406 ounces of silver. The mine has been
developed from two adits—an east adit at 2,622 feet elevation and a west adit at 2,615
feet elevation. When the present company resumed development in 1958, there were
approximately 2,200 feet of open underground workings.
The orebodies consist of flat-lying veins in a hornblende-syenite intrusive of Meso-
zoic age which intrudes Pakeozoic quartzites and greenstones. The veins strike approximately east and dip as much as 30 degrees south. They range in width from a few inches
up to 6 feet, and are much disturbed by faulting. The vein material consists in some
places of hard banded quartz, and in others of soft crumbly quartz and gouge. The silver-
bearing minerals include native silver, argentite, and cerargyrite. Other minerals include
rather sparse pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and minor grey copper. Gold values occur in
places where pyrite is the predominant mineral.
The company began work at the end of April and continued to the end of the year.
The following is a summary of work done:—
Ft.
Surface stripping  1,868
Drifting      415
Raising      130
Diamond drilling (underground)   1,721
A total of 54 tons of ore was shipped to the Trail and Tacoma smelters, yielding 15
ounces of gold and 3,684 ounces of silver. A tool-house, dry, and 100-ton ore-bin were
built, a jeep and tractor road 1 mile long was built from the ore-loading platform to the
main east adit, and a trail was made from the west adit on the Horn Silver claim to the
Silver Bell No. 5 claim.   An average crew of eight men was employed.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1928, p. 258.]
FAIRVIEW CAMP*
Silica-Gold
(49° 119° S.W.)   Head office, Trail; mine office, P.O. Box 337,
Fairview (The Con- Oliver. G. S. Ogilvie, property superintendent. This mine is about
solidated Mining    5 miles west of Oliver at an elevation of 3,080 feet.   Quartz is
and Smelting       mined and shipped to Trail for use as flux in the smelter.   The
Company of       quartz contains a small amount of gold and other metals.   The
Canada, Limited)   property comprises thirty-six Crown-granted claims, some of which
were originally located in the late nineties of the last century.
After many years of inactivity the property was revived in 1933 by Fairview Amalga-
• By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS 33
mated Gold Mines Limited, and some production took place from 1933 to 1939. The
mine remained inactive until 1946 when the present company commenced operations.
The orebody is a quartz vein ranging in width up to about 25 feet, striking northwestward and ranging in dip from 30 to 50 degrees northeast. In the present working
areas there are many small faults, and as the ground is difficult to hold in shrinkage
stope mining large pillars are left for support. The mine is at present worked from two
adit levels, both of which have been driven several thousand feet along the strike of the
vein. No. 6 level is the lowest adit and the haulage level, near the portal of which are the
dry-house, blacksmith-shop, ore-bin, and compressor-house. No. 3 level is the top level
and stoping is at present being done above it.
Ore mined in 1958 was from the 305-GH and the 305-J stopes. The 305-GH stope
was mined out by the middle of the year. By the end of the year the 305-J stope was
also mined out as a result of the vein being cut off by a fault striking southwestward across
the stope area.
Meanwhile No. 3 level was driven through the fault, and, finding the vein again,
was driven a further 188 feet on the vein. Box holes and chutes were made in preparation for a new stope. A raise was driven parallel to the north side of the fault to link
up with the surface raise, thus providing return ventilation for the new stope. Operations
were continuous throughout the year, and 35,708 tons of quartz was shipped. A crew
of ten men was employed at the end of the year. Six compensable accidents occurred
during the year.
CAMP McKINNEY*
Gold
(49° 119° S.E.)    Company office, 626 West Pender Street, Van-
Cariboo-Amelia     couver.   R. W. Hunstone, president; C. H. McLellan, superinten-
(H&W Mining     dent.    This private company hold the following Crown-granted
Company Limited)   claims under option from W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood:   Cariboo, Amelia, Emma, Alice, Maple Leaf, Sawtooth, Okanagan, and
Wiarton.   The property includes the old Cariboo-Amelia mine, the principal producer
of Camp McKinney.   This mine was in production from 1894 to 1903;  123,457 tons of
ore was milled and 69,581 ounces of gold was produced.    The camp has been inactive
since the early years of the century, although attempts at revival have been made during
the past fifty years.    The property is about 9 miles north of the International Boundary
and 6 miles north of Bridesville on the Trans-Provincial Highway.   A branch road leaving the highway at Rock Creek canyon, 3 miles east of Bridesville, passes through the
camp in a little more than 6 miles.   The property is at an elevation of 4,400 feet on the
lower southeastern slopes of Baldy Mountain.
The claims are underlain by a finely banded sedimentary series, the commonest rock
types being quartzites and greenstones. Production has come almost entirely from the
Cariboo vein, a quartz-filled fissure ranging up to 10 feet wide, striking westward and
dipping vertically or steeply southward. The vein has been traced underground for a
distance of 1,800 feet and to a depth of 530 feet. The mine was developed from a vertical shaft 360 feet deep to No. 4 level, and by a winze on the vein 200 feet to No. 6 level.
At the eastern limit of the mine workings the vein is cut off by a northerly striking fault
which dips westward at a low angle. Recent attempts to revive the property have been
directed toward finding the extension of the vein beyond this fault. In 1939 Pioneer
Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. unwatered the mine and diamond drilled eleven holes on the
eastern extension of the vein, eight from surface and three underground. More recently
W. E. McArthur drilled several holes from surface. The present exploration programme
is directed to finding the vein beyond the boundary fault on No. 5 level.
» By A. R. C. James.
2 34 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The present company began work on October 16th, 1958. A power-house and
shop buildings were erected, and a 40-horsepower, electrically driven, 11-stage, Byron
Jackson deepwell pump was installed at the old main shaft. The shaft was unwatered
to No. 3 level at 260 feet from the surface. The last 100 feet of the shaft was found to
be full of muck and had to be cleared. Then the unwatering was completed to No. 5
level at 480 feet from the surface. Work was still in progress at the end of the year.
A crew of fifteen men was employed.
[Reference: Hedley, M. S.: Geology of Camp McKinney and of the Cariboo-Amelia
Mine, B.C. Dept. of Mines, Bull. 6.]
ROCK CREEK*
Chromium
(49° 119° S.E.)    Company office, 536 Howe Street, Vancouver.
Belchrome (Belair   W.   P.  Watson,   president,  Vancouver.    This   private   company
Mining Corpora-    controls about fifty claims in an area 2 miles northeast of Baldy
tion Ltd.) Mountain and 3 miles north of Camp McKinney.   Chromite show
ings occur on the Bridon group of claims. A description of the
property was given in the 1957 Annual Report. In 1958 a magnetometer survey was
carried on from May 1st to September 31st. Two men were employed under the supervision of John Tregilges.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1957, pp. 35-36.]
(49° 119° S.E.)    This property consists of the Belchrome Nos.
Sammy (Belair      1 to 8 claims.   It is not to be confused with the Belchrome prop-
Mining Corpora-    erty described in the previous note, but is a relocation of a low-
tion Ltd.) grade chromite showing 2.7 miles north of Rock Creek and 500
feet west of the Rock Creek—Kelowna road. The showing is on
the edge of the Westkettle River valley at the foot of a north-trending ridge; it has been
known for many years but little previous work has been done.
The area of the showings is underlain by serpentinized peridotite which is intrusive
into the surrounding altered volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Approximately 3,000
square feet of stripping was done in the early months of the year by B. A. Fenwick-
Wilson, and five trenches totalling 150 feet long were excavated. Later four X-ray
diamond-drill holes were drilled totalling 689 feet. The series of trenches disclosed
segregated chromite in talcose, serpentinized rock. The segregations range from disseminated grains of chromite to relatively high-grade lumps up to about 8 inches in diameter,
and occur over a width of from 10 to 23 feet as measured in the trenches. The serpentine
trends northeastward and has been exposed in the trenches intermittently over a length
of about 100 feet.   Beyond these limits the ground is covered with overburden.
The best width of the higher-grade material was 8 feet in the southwesterly trench.
The drill logs suggest that the surface showings of chromite are not continuous at depth,
but they indicate further segregations of chromite up to 30 feet thick about 100 feet below
the surface. A chip sample taken across 9 feet of the better-grade material in the southwest trench assayed: Chromic oxide, 8.87 per cent. A sample selected from high-grade
lumps assayed: Chromic oxide, 27.80 per cent.
* By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS
35
BEAVERDELL*
Silver-Lead-Zinc-Cadmium
(49° 119° S.E.) Company office, 604, 789 West Pender Street,
Highland-Bell Vancouver; mine office, Beaverdell. K. J. Springer, president,
(Highland-Bell Toronto; O. S. Perry, manager; J. de Yaeger, mine superinten-
Limited) dent; A. D. Coggan, mill superintendent.  The mine is at Beaver
dell, 32 miles north of Rock Creek. The property consists of thirty
Crown-granted claims and six claims held by record. The mine consists of two sections—
the upper and lower workings. Both sections are in the same ore zone, but are separated
by a major fault known as the East Terminal fault, which dips 65 degrees to the east and
has a vertical displacement of 800 feet. The No. 4 adit, at 3,974 feet elevation on Wallace
Mountain, is the main haulage level for the upper mine. Access to the lower mine is by
the 2900 adit level, which was completed in July, 1955. The portal of this adit is Wz
miles northeasterly from the office at Beaverdell.
In 1958 stope development was continued in the lower mine, and two-thirds of the
production was from stopes mined from the 2900 and 3000 levels. Exploration was
directed to finding the faulted extension of the ore zone beyond the 2905 fault on the
southwest side of the workings. By August indications of the extension were found and
development was proceeding in this area at the year end.
In the upper mine the salvaging of pillars and ore remnants from Nos. 7, 8, 9, and 10
levels continued throughout the year, and approximately one-third of the total production
was from these operations.
A ventilation and emergency exit raise was begun in August to connect the upper
and lower mines across the East Terminal fault. The raise is being driven from the 3000
level in the lower mine to No. 10 level in the upper mine, a total distance of 770 feet.
At the end of 1958, 345 feet of the raise was completed. Ore was intersected in the raise
at 138 feet from the 3000 level, and the presence of mineable reserves has since been
confirmed by diamond drilling.
The following is a summary of mining operations in 1958:—■
Drifting ft. 646
Crosscutting ft. 256
Raising  ft. 603
Diamond drilling ft. 6,926
Ore mined tons 19,083
Construction work in 1958 included the building of a new concrete-block powder
magazine near the 2900 level portal and the installation of a heavier transmission-line
between mine and mill.
The ore from both mines is trucked to the mill, which is adjacent to a spur of the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Beaverdell. The mill operated continuously throughout the
year.
At the end of the year a crew of forty-two men was employed, of whom twenty-six
were underground. There were four compensable accidents reported during the year.
It is gratifying to report that in 1958, for the first time in the history of the Highland-Bell
mine, a mine-rescue team was entered in the competition organized by the Central B.C.
Mine Safety Association at Hope. Although a novice team, it won third place in the
competition.
* By A. R. C. James. 36 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49°  119° S.E.)    Company office, 530, 470 Granville Street,
Bounty Fraction    Vancouver.    K. E. Wickstrom, president.   This company controls
(Sheritt Lee Mines  a group of six Crown-granted claims and fractions on Wallace
Ltd.) Mountain.    The property is about a mile south of the original
Highland-Bell property and is 5 miles by road from Beaverdell.
The showings were discovered early in the century and intermittent development work
has been done in the past fifty years and small shipments made. The present company
began work on July 2nd. Parts of the old workings on the Bounty fraction were cleaned
out.and retimbered. A raise was driven 30 feet to surface, and a winze was sunk 25 feet.
Toward the end of the year a new adit was started about 25 feet vertically below the old
adit. Approximately 1,000 feet of diamond drilling was done. A bunk-house, compressor-house, and ore-bin were erected. A crew of four men was employed under the
supervision of K. E. Wickstrom.
PHOENIX*
Copper-Gold-Silver
(49°   118° S.W.)    Company office,  1111  West Georgia Street,
Phoenix Copper     Vancouver; mine office, Davis Block, Grand Forks.   L. T. Postle,
Company Limited   president, Vancouver;  J. H. Parliament, manager, Grand Forks.
Capital:   3,000,000 shares, no par value.   Phoenix Copper Company Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited and controls thirty-six claims in the Phoenix area.
Twenty-eight of these are Crown-granted and eight are held by record.    The Granby
company resumed work on this property in 1955 after an interval of thirty-six years.
The renewal of interest was stimulated by the then prevailing high price of copper and
the possibility of cheap open-pit mining.    Throughout the subsequent period of decline
and partial recovery of copper prices, work has proceeded on a reduced scale with the
object of preparing the property so that it may be put into production at short notice
as soon as economic conditions are favourable.
In 1958 installation of machinery and equipment for the crushing plant and 750-ton
mill was continued, and the transfer-house and conveyor-ways were partially built. The
tailings dams were partially finished and 7,000 feet of concrete tailings line was installed.
Mining was confined to the removal of waste rock and overburden from the Snow-
shoe area in preparation for open-pit mining; a total of 90,240 tons of waste was
removed. A small amount of ore, totalling 5,030 tons, was sorted out during mining
and stockpiled near the concentrator. The main roads from the pit to the mill were
improved and widened. Some rehabilitation was done in the old Victoria shaft, the
main source of water for the camp. A limited amount of geological mapping was also
done.
A total crew of twenty-three men was employed at the year end.    No compensable
accidents were reported.
TRAILf
Gold
(49° 117° S.W.)   This prospect is on the west side of the Colum-
W.D. bia River, 3 miles south of Trail, and is owned and operated by
E. Wells and F. Donelly, of Trail. It was at one time known as
the Casino Red Cap. Mining was continued on a small quartz fissure vein at the base
of a rock bluff immediately above the uppermost river bench between Casino Creek and
Trail. Two drifts, each 200 feet long and 25 feet apart in elevation, were driven in a
southerly direction on the vertical vein. A stope 150 feet long and 6 feet wide was mined
between the levels.   A small amount of crosscutting was done, both westerly and north-
* By A. R. C. James.
t By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
37
erly, on the bottom level. The mine plant consisted of a portable compressor and an
ore-bin. Work was done intermittently and the ore obtained was trucked to the Trail
smelter.
Production:   Ore shipped,  1,140 tons.    Gross content:   Gold, 649 oz.;   silver,
230 oz.
NELSON*
Gold-Tungsten
Venango
(Venango Gold
Mines Limited)
(49°  117° S.E.)    Company office, 459 Baker Street, Nelson.
D. H. Norcross, president.    This company owns four Crown-
granted mineral claims, one-half mile south of the Blewett road
and immediately west of Eagle Creek.   The property adjoins that
held by the former Kenville Gold Mines Limited.   A small amount
of surface stripping and 650 feet of diamond drilling were done to prospect the extension
of a quartz vein and in an attempt to locate the source of molybdenite float found on the
property.
Silver-Copper-Lead
(49° 117° S.E.)    This old mine is under lease from The Consoli-
Silver King dated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, by
A. Burgess, of Ymir. The lower or Dandy adit at 5,500 feet elevation is reached by 9 miles of rough road southwest of Nelson. This adit extends about
2,400 feet to the old Silver King vertical shaft. Approximately 18 tons of ore was mined
from a small lens on the surface near the portal of the Dandy adit and was shipped to
the Trail smelter. A further 25 tons of lower-grade ore was produced from 12 feet of
raising and some stoping at a point 800 feet within the Dandy portal. This ore was not
shipped. A bulldozer was used to strip a 100-foot-long trench on the Dandy vein, 800
feet southeast of and at a higher elevation than the Dandy portal. This work disclosed
some lead ore with a high copper content. Further exploration was prevented by the
onset of winter.
Production:  Ore shipped, 18 tons.   Gross content:  Gold, 0.6 oz.; silver, 194 oz.;
copper, 2,187 lb.; lead, 1,578 lb.
YMIR*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
Goodenough, Ymir (Americonda Mines Limited).—(49° 117° S.E.) Company
office, 117 West Broadway, Waukesha, Wisconsin; mine office, Ymir. This company
holds under option the Goodenough and Ymir mines on Ymir Creek, 6 miles by road
northeast of Ymir. One man was employed intermittently retimbering in the No. 2
adit of the Goodenough mine.
Gold-Silver
Tamarac.—(49° 117° S.E.) George Powell and Austin K. Greenway, of Lillooet,
reopened by bulldozer the IVi-mile section of road extending northwestward from the
Goodenough to the Tamarac mine.
■ By J. E. Merrett. 38
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
SALMO*
Erie Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
Arlington (New
Arlington Mines
Limited)
Company office, 609 Baker Street, Nelson.   J. A. Russell, Edmonton, president.    Capital:   3,500,000 shares, $1 par value.    This
company owns the Arlington mine on Rest Creek, 7 miles by road
from Salmo.   A 125-ton mill on site was operated before 1954,
treating dump material.    G. D. Fox and R. W. Linn, of Trail,
working under a lease arrangement, did a small amount of drifting on the 400 level immediately below a stoped area.   Thirty tons of ore, including 1.46 tons of mill clean-up
concentrates, was trucked to the Trail smelter.
Gold
Sheep Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
This mine, which was formerly part of the Reno holdings in the
Nugget Sheep Creek area, is owned and operated by A. Endersby, of Fruit-
vale. Mining was continued in the Nugget upper workings, which
are 6 miles by road up Fawn Creek from the Sheep Creek road. Additional stoping was
done on No. 4 level of the Calhoun vein, about 1,100 feet from the portal. The back
of the stope was raised to a height of 50 feet by shrinkage methods on a nearly vertical
quartz vein which ranges in width from 2 to 6 feet. The ore was sorted and trucked to
the Trail smelter.
Ventilation is by natural circulation of air up through the old lower workings, and
compressed air for drilling is supplied through 2 miles of pipe by a water-driven compressor in the Reno mill building on the north bank of Sheep Creek.
Iron Mountain (49° 117° S.E.)
Lead-Zinc-Tungsten
Emerald, Jersey,
Dodger, Feeney
(Canadian Exploration Limited)
Head office, 700 Burrard Building, Vancouver; mine office, Salmo.
G. A. Gordon, general manager; J. D. Little, assistant general
manager; C. M. McGowan, plant superintendent; R. G. Weber,
mine superintendent; H. A. Steane, general mill superintendent;
R. J. MacLeod, superintendent, tungsten concentrator; E. A. Erick-
son, superintendent, lead-zinc concentrator. This company is a
wholly owned subsidiary of Placer Development Limited. The Emerald, Feeney, Dodger,
and Jersey mines, the tungsten concentrator, and the main camp are located on the summit between Sheep Creek and Lost Creek. The property is reached by two roads which
leave the Nelson-Nelway Highway 4 and 5>Vi miles respectively south of Salmo. The
lead-zinc concentrator is on the Nelson-Nelway Highway and is served from the mine
by a series of underground conveyors. The average number of employees was 223, a
decrease of 117 from the average for 1957. The following report, prepared by the
management, is a synopsis of the 1958 operations:—
"Emerald.—All tungsten ore produced in 1958 was mined in the Emerald. Mining
of ore remnants above 3800 level, the lowest adit, was completed by both open-pitting
and underground mining. The Emerald orebody below 3800 level was developed by a
three-compartment, 32-degree inclined shaft. All ore developed by this shaft from the
2730 level to 3800 level was mined by July 31st, the date on which the mine closed.
" Feeney .—This tungsten mine, 800 feet north of the northern end of the Emerald
workings, has been idle since 1955 and is considered about mined out.
"Dodger.—Mining of tungsten ore was completed in 1957.
* By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
39
"Invincible.—No work has been done in this area since October, 1957.
"Tungsten Concentrator.—The milling rate decreased from 12,000 tons per month
in January and February to 8,000 tons per month thereafter. As of July 31st the milling
of tungsten ore ceased, but clean-up operations in the concentrator continued through
August and September.
"Jersey.—Operation of the Jersey lead-zinc mine continued at an approximate
rate of 32,000 tons per month. Because of the thinner, more steeply dipping nature of
the E, F, and G orebodies, increasingly more ore was mined by conventional mining
methods, i.e., open-stope mining using jacklegs and slushers. Mining of ore remnants in
the track area of the south end accounted for some 30 per cent of the lead-zinc ore production. At the end of 1958 production from trackless mining methods accounted for
approximately 50 per cent of the monthly production. It is expected that this amount
will decrease as the development of thinner ore bands continues. Trackless haulage will
continue to provide the main method of ore transportation.
"Lead-Zinc Concentrator.—The milling rate averaged 32,000 tons per month. The
grade of the ore was approximately 4.2 per cent zinc and 2.3 per cent lead. Tailings were
impounded in the tailings pond situated near the Salmo River. The concentrates were
shipped to Kellogg, Idaho."
Lead-Zinc-Tungsten
This property, comprising eighteen Crown-granted mineral claims
Tungsten King      and fractions, is adjoined on the north by the Emerald and Jersey
holdings of Canadian Exploration Limited, and on the south by
the Truman holdings of American Zinc, Lead and Smelting Company. Access is by way
of 2 miles of road up Lost Creek from the Salmo-Nelway Highway, or by 1 mile of road
from the new Creston—Salmo Highway. The property is owned by E. and R. O. Oscarson,
of Spokane, Wash., and L. R. Clubine, of Salmo.
At a point approximately 1 mile south-southwest of the Jersey open-pit, bulldozing
and surface blasting discontinuously over a distance of 800 feet has disclosed several
lead-zinc-iron mineralized showings in limestone. Most work was done on the east half,
where a little more stripping would provide a continuous section 400 feet long.
Boulder Mill Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
Gold
This property is 4.8 miles north of Salmo on the first north-flowing
Clubine Comstock tributary of Boulder Mill Creek, a tributary of Salmo River.   It is
owned by L. R. Clubine and under lease to Darrell Fisher and
Davis Bonfield, all of Salmo.   On the surface the road to the mine and ore-bin was reopened, while underground No. 5 and No. 6 levels were reopened to provide ventilation.
Some ore was recovered above No. 5 level at its northwest extremity.
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Aspen Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
H.B. (The Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company
J. C. MacLean, property superintendent; H. G. Barker, mine
superintendent; N. Doyle, mill superintendent. The H.B. mine is
on the west side of Aspen Creek, with the main camp located on
the north side of Sheep Creek, 7 miles by road from Salmo. Zinc-
of Canada, Limited) lead replacement orebodies in dolomite have been developed by
two adits connected by an interior two-compartment vertical shaft.
The hoistroom is on the 3500 level, and the main haulage is the lowest or 2800 level.
Long ore-pass systems extend from the 2800 level to the ore zones. Most of the production came from two orebodies above the 3300 level, where mining was done by blast
holing to pillar slots above slusher drifts.   The orebodies strike north and are roughly 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
parallel to each other, about 150 feet apart, and have a rake to the south of about 20
degrees. In cross-section they are lenticular, and are nearly vertical. The average
width is 50 feet, and the maximum height is 450 feet. Development work over a period
of years has outlined the No. 1 or east orebody for a length of 1,400 feet along which
mining was.done for a length of 1,000 feet. The No. 2 or west orebody was being mined
over a length of 600 feet. Additional ore was obtained from; two flat-lying ore zones
adjacent to, but west of, No. 1 orebody. In 1958 a new haulage crosscut was being
driven eastward from the 2800 level to a point where a new ore-pass can be driven to
service No. 1 orebody south of the present workings.
The milling rate averaged 38,100 tons per month, the highest in the Nelson district.
This was an increase above the rate in 1957. The average number of men employed
decreased to 116, of whom fifty were employed underground.
An excellent safety record was achieved—one lost-time accident of five days duration was the only accident recorded.
NELWAY*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 117° S.E.) Company office, 413 Granville Street, Vancou-
Reeves MacDonald ver; mine office, Remac. W. L. Zeigler, Metaline Falls, Wash.,
Mines Limited general manager; L. M. Kinney, Metaline Falls, Wash., general
superintendent; F. R. Thompson, property superintendent; J.
Kozar, mine superintendent; J. S. Steele, mill superintendent. Capital: 3.000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company owns the Reeves MacDonald mine on the Pend
d'Oreille River, on the Nelway-Waneta road, 4 miles west of Nelway. Zinc-lead replacement bodies in limestone have been developed from the main haulage or 1900 level. The
Reeves orebody, 3,500 feet from the 1900 portal, has furnished most of the ore produced
to date and has been almost mined out above the 1900 level, but 24 per cent of the 1958
production came from recovery of ore in the hangingwall and footwall areas marginal to
this part of the Reeves orebody. Above the 1900 level the Reeves orebody is developed
from an internal 55-degree inclined shaft extending from the 1900 level to the 2650 level.
The lower section of the Reeves orebody is being developed by a 52-degree inclined
winze in the footwall of the orebody. Ore was encountered about 200 feet above the
bottom or 1100 level, and at this point the winze was steepened to 62 degrees. Crosscuts
have been driven to the footwall on the 1100, 1320, 1520, and 1690 levels, and connecting raises have been driven on line from the crosscuts to form a pilot raise for No. 3
shaft. The pilot raise has been enlarged downward to dimensions of 19 by 9 feet and
has been shaft timbered to a depth of 295 feet below the 1900 level.
Three other orebodies were being mined in 1958. These were the B.L.. O'Donnell.
and No. 4 ore zones, respectively, about 1.000, 3,100, and 3,250 feet east of the Reeves
orebody. They are believed to be faulted segments of the upper section of the Reeves
orebody.   The No. 4 zone was discovered recently and is being explored.
Six per cent of the annual tonnage came from primary stoping in the B.L. zone,
50 per cent from primary stoping in the O'Donnell zone (which is now mined out below
the 2350 level), and 26 per cent from pillar recovery in the Reeves and O'Donnell zones.
In general, ore is removed by blasting to pillar slots above scram drifts.
The mill operated continuously at an average rate of 34,800 tons per month. Mill-
heads averaged 3.85 per cent zinc and 1.24 per cent lead. Concentrates were shipped
to smelters in the United States.   The number employed averaged 126.
This property comprises sixteen Crown-granted mineral claims and
Red  Birdt fractions owned by Hecla Mining Company, of Wallace, Idaho.
The claims are on the south side of the Pend d'Oreille River adjoin-
* By J. E. Merrett, except as noted,
t By J. T. Fyles. LODE METALS
41
ing and west of claims of the Reeves MacDonald property. The main showings are
between elevations of 2,500 and 3,000 feet on the north slope of a steep valley draining
eastward toward the Pend d'Oreille River.
The property is an old one, and little work has been done on it since 1929. Access
was formerly by means of a trail from the old bridge across the Pend d'Oreille River about
Wz miles downstream from the Reeves MacDonald mine. In 1957 the Hecla company
built about a mile of road from Russian Creek near the International Boundary to the
property.
The showings are in zones of oxidized zinc and lead minerals in limestone. Old
workings include three adits, now caved, a shaft, and several open-cuts. In 1958 Hecla
company, employing six men, did a considerable amount of bulldozer stripping and 427
feet of diamond drilling in two holes. The strippings exposed a number of narrow lenses
of rusty gossan carrying secondary zinc and lead minerals. One stripping which deepened an old cut, called the Beerbottle cut, disclosed an oxidized zone extending for 80
feet along one wall of the stripping. The oxidized zones cover a wide area but so far
continuity between the lenses and the pattern of their distribution is not apparent.
NORTH KOOTENAY LAKE*
„     ,„. Riondel (49° 116° N.W.)
Silver-Lead-Zmc
Company office, Trail;   mine office, Riondel.    D. S. Campbell,
Bluebell (The Con- property superintendent; J. B. Donald, mine superintendent; T. F.
solidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited)
Walton, mill superintendent. This property is at Riondel on a
small peninsula on the east shore of Kootenay Lake, 6 miles by
road north of the ferry landing at Kootenay Bay. The ore deposits
are sulphide replacement bodies in a limestone band that crosses
the peninsula and dips westward under the lake. The Bluebell ore
zone is in the central part, the Comfort near the north, and the Kootenay Chief ore zone
is at the south end of the peninsula.
This property has been in operation for many years. The orginal underground
development was done from a 35-degree inclined shaft sunk in the vicinity of the Bluebell
ore zone. In 1929 an inclined shaft was sunk in the vicinity of the Comfort ore zone,
and an adit was driven in the Kootenay Chief area. In 1949 drifts were driven from the
225 level of the Bluebell shaft to connect with the Comfort shaft and to the Kootenay
Chief ore zone. At a point approximately 1,000 feet south of the Bluebell 225 level
station a raise was driven at an inclination of 35 degrees to connect with a winze extending down to the 75 level of the Kootenay Chief workings. The raises were enlarged to
7 by 20 feet to form a three-compartment shaft known as the No. 1 shaft. This shaft
was later extended to a total slope length of 1,876 feet with a bottom elevation of 810
feet, being 740 feet below the surface of Kootenay Lake. In order to simplify delineation,
the levels were recently renumbered as follows, the zero level remaining the same: 75 level
to No. 1 level, 225 level to No. 2 level, 300 level to No. 2a level, 375 level to No. 3 level,
525 level to No. 5 level, 675 level to No. 6 level, 825 level to No. 8 level.
Mining and development operations were, as in recent years, confined to the Comfort
and Kootenay Chief ore zones, with most of the work being done in the latter area.
Development work completed in 1958 was as follows: 3,680 feet of drifting, 2,006 feet
of crosscutting, 2,917 feet of raising, and 16,782 feet of diamond drilling completed in
250 drill-holes. This work was done for local exploration, in extending 5 level north
drift from No. 1 shaft to the Bluebell shaft and north toward the Comfort zone, and in
preparation for the sinking of a vertical shaft below No. 8 level in the footwall area
behind No. 1 shaft.
* By J. E. Merrett. 42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
A total of 47,262 cubic yards of backfill was placed in empty stopes. This amount
was composed of 10,393 cubic yards of gravel and 36,869 cubic yards of deslimed tailings.
In December, 1958, the average amount of water pumped from the mine was
4,660,000 imperial gallons per day (3,236 gallons per minute). The capacity of the
pump stations was further increased by the addition of a 300-horsepower 1,000-gallons-
per-minute pump to No. 5 level station and three 150-horsepower 1,000-gallons-per-
minute pumps to No. 8 level station. To provide power to operate the pumps, electrical
services, including a new larger 6,900-volt cable and transformers, were installed on
No. 8 level.
The induced ventilation of the mine was maintained at 150,000 cubic feet of air per
minute. Some local changes were made in air distribution which resulted in improved
ventilation of COo contaminated areas. To safeguard mine ventilation in case of a power
failure, a 150-kilowatt diesel standby generating unit was installed in the power-house.
In addition to this a 375-kva. diesel generating unit has been obtained and will be installed,
together with the other standby unit, in an extension to the compressor building.
Mine-rescue and first-aid classes were held in the spring. The mine-rescue team,
captained by B. Ramage, was successful in winning the West Kootenay competition, and
represented that district in the Provincial competition in Victoria. Among the awards
received during the year were both the Dominion and Regional John T. Ryan Safety
Trophies for 1957, and also the Award of Merit of the B.C. Safety Council for 1,000,000
man-hours of accident-free operation. There were three lost-time accidents during the
year.
The average number of persons employed was 284, of whom 160 were employed
underground.
The concentrator treated 255,859 tons of ore, or 701 tons per calendar day. The
concentrates were shipped to the Trail smelter.
Kootenay,
Kootenian
(49° 116° N.W.) Thomas Lane, of Ainsworth, holds by location
these two mineral claims, situated on the east shore of Kootenay
Lake about 2 miles north of the Kootenay Bay ferry landing. The
mineral occurrence consists of four parallel narrow quartz veins striking north 36 degrees
east and dipping 68 degrees southeast. Occasional transverse quartz stringers connect
adjoining veins. The veins are in paragneiss of the Lardeau series that dips flatly under
Kootenay Lake. Two very narrow bands of limestone lie within the rocks through which
the veins pass.
The main vein is exposed below the lake high-water mark, approximately 1,500 feet
south of the main transmission-line. Trenching and open-pits have exposed the vein or
fissure more or less continuously for a distance of 250 feet. The vein ranges in width
erratically from nil to 6 inches, and is mineralized with galena, sphalerite, and pyrite in
vuggy quartz. Several years ago The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited, drilled three flat diamond-drill holes on this occurrence, but the results
of this drilling were not known to the owner. Four samples taken along the vein at its
wider and better-mineralized points assayed as follows:—
Sample No.
Location
Width
Gold
Silver
Lead
Zinc
1
Ft.
0.2
0.25
0.1
0.5
Oz. per Ton
0.06
0.02
0.01
0.01
Oz. per Ton
4.1
13.3
11.2
0.2
Per Cent
5.73
24.65
6.44
0.04
Per Cent
6.1
2
3
4
45 feet northeast No. 1 	
197 feet northeast No. 1	
239 feet northeast No. 1.	
0.2
1.4
1.5 LODE METALS
43
Highlander, etc.
(Yale Lead & Zinc
Mines Limited)
Ainsworth (49° 116° N.W.)*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
This recorded claim on Coffee Creek, adjacent to the highway
Belle Aire bridge, is owned by Sven Hallgren, who extended the main adit
a distance of 50 feet to a total length of 120 feet.   The work was
done on a quartz vein having an average width of 2 feet and containing small lenses of
galena and sphalerite.
Company office, 525 Seymour Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Ainsworth. H. W. Knight, president; P. E. Olson, mine manager;
E. Pickard, mine superintendent, succeeded in September by M.
Laughton; C. Anderson, mill superintendent. Capital: 5,000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company controls most of the mineral
claims lying between Coffee and Cedar Creeks in the Ainsworth camp. The crushing
plant, mill, and main haulage adit are below and the mine plant and Highlander adit are
above the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, about three-quarters of a mile south of Ainsworth.
A third of the ore produced was obtained from new development, while the remainder
was from salvage of pillars and remnant ore blocks. The production was obtained from
the Highlander vein, of which the Banker and Albion ore zones are parts. Three 225-foot-
long crosscuts were driven at 420-foot intervals into the hangingwall of the 1900 level
commencing at a point 960 feet north of the 1900 level main crosscut. At the end of
1958 diamond drilling was being done from these crosscuts to determine if the ore zone
continued below the 1900 level. The mining and removal of ore was completed late in
the year, and except for the diamond drilling the operation closed on December 12th.
At the beginning of 1958, fifty-seven men were employed, of whom thirty-four were
employed underground. The crew gradually decreased throughout the year, until at the
time of closing forty-two men were employed, twenty-two of whom were underground.
The concentrator treated 51,460 tons of ore from the mine. The zinc concentrate
produced was stockpiled and the lead concentrate was shipped to the Trail smelter.
Custom milling was done on ore from the Kootenay Florence at Ainsworth and the
Caledonia at Blaylock.
Company office, 850 West Hastings Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Kootenay Florence,  Ainsworth.    H. M. Wright, president;   H. M. Turner, superin-
Lakeshore (Western tendent.   Capital:  3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.   This company
Mines Limited)     owns a large group of mineral claims lying south of Lendrum
Creek and astride Princess Creek.   The mine plant and mill are
on the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, 2 miles north of Ainsworth.
M. B. Sirak and Lloyd Johnstone, lessees, mined stope pillars and ore remnants
along 938 raise, which connects No. 9 and No. 5 levels. The ore was hand-sorted, the
high-grade material being trucked to the Trail smelter and the low-grade material to the
Yale Lead & Zinc concentrator. Compressed air was supplied initially by a small Pelton-
driven compressor, and later by the mine compressor.
On the surface 3,000 feet of truck-road was constructed from the Lakeshore adit
southward to the Nicolet workings.
WOODBURY CREEK*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 117° N.E.)    Company office, 1519 Marine Building, 355
Scranton (Scranton Burrard Street, Vancouver.   A. A. Loeb, president; C. J. Bailer,
Mines Limited)     general manager.   Capital:   3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.  This
company owns the Scranton group of claims in Kokanee Glacier
Park, astride Pontiac Creek, a northerly flowing tributary of Woodbury Creek.   The mine
* By J. E. Merrett. 44 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
camp is on Pontiac Creek, at an elevation of 5,600 feet, IIY2 miles by road from a point
on the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, 8 miles south of Kaslo. The group consists of fourteen
claims, including the Granite, Sunrise, Grandview, Scranton, Pontiac, and Tecumsie
Crown-granted claims. Two men were employed with a bulldozer reopening the mine
road and surface stripping at several points on outcrops of quartz veins in the vicinity
of the mine.
KASLO*
Copper
(49° 116° N.W.)    An excavation, 150 feet long and as much as
Logan 40 feet deep, was made in a clay hillside IV2 miles west of Kaslo
on the north side of the New Denver road. This work was done in
search of an occurrence of chalcopyrite reportedly encountered while sinking a well at
this site several years ago. Two diamond-drill holes, each 40 feet in length, were drilled.
The work was abandoned when no ore was encountered. The work was done under the
direction of J. Hunt, of Kaslo, and J. Murison, of Edmonton.
PADDY PEAK*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 1170 N E )    Company office, 717 West Pender Street, Van-
Utica (Lajo couver; mine office, Kaslo.   T. S. Lathrop, New York, president;
Mines Limited) J. A. Cooper, manager. This company holds a long-term lease on
the Utica mine (which had been operated under lease from 1953
to 1956 by J. A. Cooper) from Utica Mines (1937) Limited. The mine is at the head
of Twelve Mile Creek, about 15 miles by road from Kaslo. The main level is the No. 7
adit, which is connected by raise to the No. 4 adit. A sublevel, No. 5, has been driven
from the raise to develop two parallel veins known as the East and West veins. The ore
sections on the nearly vertical veins contain 1 to 6 inches of galena having a high silver
content. Stoping was done under contract on both veins above and below No. 5 level,
mostly on the East vein. The ore was brought to surface by diesel locomotive on No. 7
level and concentrated in the 50-ton mill. Lead and zinc concentrates were trucked to
the Trail smelter. Nine men were employed, but the operation was suspended in mid-
April.
RETALLACK-THREE FORKS*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50° 117° S.E.)   Company office, 609 Baker Street, Nelson; mine
Caledonia office, Kaslo.   Charles Lind, Kaslo, president and manager.   Capi-
(Caledonia Mines   tal:   100,000 shares, 50 cents par value.    This company optioned
Limited) the Caledonia mine near Blaylock from G. E. McCready, of Kaslo.
A raise was commenced at a point 200 feet from No. 2 adit portal
to connect with No. 1 level in order to improve ventilation.    From this raise, and an
adjacent stope, 350 tons of ore was extracted, of which 157 tons was trucked to the Yale
Lead & Zinc concentrator.   This work was suspended in mid-November and a crew of
four men commenced driving a 550-foot crosscut from the side of the Kaslo-New Denver
road to intersect the downward projection of the vein from No. 1 and No. 2 levels, 220
feet below No. 2 level.
(50° 117° S.E.)    Company office, 1500 Marine Building, Van-
Star, Wellington    couver; mine office, Retallack.   Edward L. Borup, president and
(Blue Star Mines    manager; T. R. Buckham, superintendent.   This company controls
Limited) the Star group of recorded claims and has a lease on the old Wel
lington mine near Retallack.   The Star claims are 2 miles north of
* By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
45
the Wellington mine, which is owned by New Wellington Mines Limited, and cover the
Heba, Pluto Fraction, Oppollo, and Hera cancelled Crown-granted claims. A dry and
repair building, and a building to house a portable compressor were constructed near
the portal of the 1,000-foot-long Matheson tunnel, IVz miles by road from Retallack.
This crosscut was, where necessary, increased in size and retimbered to its face to permit
the passage of a battery locomotive and mucking-machine. Ventilation pipe was installed
and the track renewed.   It is planned to extend this crosscut to the Wellington ore zone.
Texas, Cowboy,
Fourth of July,
etc. (Lucky Edd
Mines Limited)
(50° 117° S.E.) Company office, Edmonton, Alta.; mine office,
Retallack. P. E. Colthorp, manager; H.E. Singel, superintendent.
This company has optioned a group of Crown-granted mineral
claims at the headwaters of Robb Creek, a tributary of Kaslo River.
A crew of four men with a bulldozer constructed 3Vi miles of
road from Retallack up Robb Creek toward the property.
(50° 117° S.E.) The Snap claim and the Lucky Jim mine at
Snap, Lucky Jim Zincton were leased by a group known as the Lucky Four Leasers
under the direction of Richard E. Martin, of New Denver. The
Snap is owned by J. L. Drumheller, of Spokane, Wash., and the Lucky Jim by Sheep
Creek Mines Limited, of Nelson. A crew of three men working from May to November
in the Lucky Jim mine did a small amount of raising at a point 216 feet within and 75
feet above No. 3 level portal. In addition, broken ore was salvaged from stopes and ore
raises from above No. 1 level down to No. 3 level. A shipment of IVi tons of ore was
made direct to the Trail smelter, and 658 tons of ore was trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton.
(50° 117° S.E.)    This property, on the south side of Carpenter
Monitor Creek at Three Forks, is owned by Slocan Monitor Mines Limited,
640 Pender Street West, Vancouver, and is under lease to C. Uphill,
W. Pengelly, and A. Elsmore, of the New Denver area.   Fifty-nine tons of ore was mined
by underhand stoping and shipped to the Western Exploration mill.
(50° 117° S.E.) A. S. Wojna, of New Denver, holds this group
Lost Atlantis       of recorded claims astride the New Denver-Three Forks Highway
just north of the old Alamo mill. R. J. Renn, of Calgary, Alta.,
dropped an option on the property after a crew of three men did more than 400 feet of
crosscutting on the bottom level.
SANDON*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Silver Mountain
Mines, Ltd.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company address, 406 Canadian Bank of Commerce Building, Calgary; mine office, Sandon. A. C. Weich, president; A. L. Bordula, manager; T. Kleim, superintendent. Capital:
20,000 shares, no par value. This company controls the old Reco
property of twenty-six Crown-granted mineral claims and fractions, and holds two
recorded mineral claims on the south slope of Reco Mountain. The property adjoins the
east boundary of the Cody-Reco holdings. Access to the present workings is by 2 miles
of road from Cody to a new adit at 5,300 feet in elevation which has been designated
No. 16 adit in relation to the near-by Cody-Reco workings. It is also known as the Ted
tunnel. One hundred feet lower, and slightly to the east, is the portal of the second or
"A" adit. These adits have been driven in argillite to follow a quartz vein ranging in
width from 4 to 16 inches, striking north 5 degrees east and dipping 65 degrees east.
In some sections the vein is well mineralized with galena, sphalerite, pyrite, and minor
amounts of tetrahedrite.
' By J. E. Merrett. 46 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
No. 16 adit was driven a distance of 240 feet with an additional 37 feet of crosscut
driven in an easterly direction. The "A" adit was driven a distance of 251 feet. A crew
of four men was employed. The ore encountered while drifting was stockpiled and
a shipment of 10 tons was made to the Trail smelter. An ore-bin of 50-cubic-yard-
capacity, compressor-house, workshop, blacksmith-shop, and a powder magazine were
constructed.
(49° 117° N.E.)   Company office, 416, 25 Adelaide Street West,
Silversmith, etc.    Toronto; mine office, New Denver.   George A. MacMillan, presi-
(Carnegie Mining   dent;  J. C. Black manager.    Capital:   5,000,000 shares, no par
Corporation value. In January, 1958, by terms of an agreement with Violamac
Limited) Mines Limited, Carnegie Mines of British Columbia, Ltd., was
reorganized to form Carnegie Mining Corporation Limited. This
company owns forty-six Crown-granted and six recorded mineral claims and fractions,
property that includes the Silversmith, Slocan Star, Richmond-Eureka, Ruth-Hope, and
Slocan King mines on Sandon Creek, south of Sandon. A truck-road extends to all mines
from the mill just west of Sandon.
No. 10 adit of the Silversmith was reopened, retimbered where necessary, and ventilated to the face of the 1051 crosscut commenced in 1955. More than 1,300 feet of
crosscut was driven in a southerly direction, the face of the crosscut being at the end of
1958 more than a mile from the portal. The crosscut was being directed to explore the
downward projection of the Adams lode zone. A crew of eight men was employed on
this work.
As in past years a small amount of ore was produced by lessees working in various
parts. E. and J. Perepolkin and L. Fried, mining above No. 4 level on the lower part
of the Ruth orebody, produced 532 tons of milling and 62 tons of shipping ore having
a combined gross content in ore and concentrates of: Silver, 10,510 oz.; lead, 119,683
lb.; zinc, 89,140 lb.; cadmium, 553 lb. E. Singel, J. Lingle, and J. Turner leased the
Rabbits Paw section of the Silversmith and shipped 34 tons of ore to the Trail smelter.
Gross content: Silver, 4,819 oz.; lead, 23,653 lb.; zinc, 8,850 lb. E. Petersen shipped
3 tons of ore from No. 2 level of the Ruth. Gross content: Silver, 375 oz.; lead, 4,360
lb. A. Maxinuk shipped 4.3 tons of ore from a surface cut on the Slocan Star. Gross
content: Silver, 468 oz.; lead, 5,424 lb. J. Zambon and S. Sibilleau shipped 5.5 tons
of ore from No. 5 level of the Slocan Star. Gross content: Silver, 306 oz.; lead, 4,494
lb.; zinc, 1,1951b.
The concentrator, employing a crew of nine men, operated continuously throughout
the year, milling the total production of the Victor mine and the above 532 tons from the
Ruth orebody.
(49° 117° N.E.)   Company office, 416, 25 Adelaide Street West,
Victor (Violamac   Toronto; mine office, New Denver.   Mrs. Viola MacMillan, presi-
Mines Limited)     dent; J. C. Black, manager, western operations.  Capital: 5,000,000
shares, $1 par value.   This company owns the Victor mine, IVi
miles by road northwest of Sandon, or 2Vz miles by road southeast of Three Forks.
The nearly vertical Victor vein has been developed by several connecting adits.    The
vein has a mineralized length of about 2,000 feet and a width ranging from a crack to
as much as 6 feet.   Most of the 1958 production came from the west end of the vein
known as the West Victor orebody.   This was obtained principally from close timbered
cut-and-fill stopes above both No. 5 and No. 7 levels.   Exploration continued on the west
end of No. 5 level on a high-grade occurrence of silver-lead ore.   No. 11 level was completed in January with a small ore recovery from the development work.   Mining was suspended on No. 10 and No. 11 levels at that time.   In addition to 177 tons of crude ore
shipped directly to the Trail smelter, the mine produced 8,861 tons of ore that was LODE METALS
47
trucked to Sandon and concentrated in the Carnegie mill.   The number of men employed
was reduced from forty-seven to nineteen.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 373 Baker Street, Nelson.
H. F. Magnuson, Wallace, Idaho, president and acting manager.
Capital: 5,000,000 shares, 50 cents par value. This company
owns a large group of claims southwest of Sandon. The claims
lie between the holdings of Violamac Mines Limited and those of
Carnegie Mining Corporation Limited. The drift, commenced in 1956 between the
Pearson adit and Tributary Creek, was extended to a total length of 75 feet. The work
disclosed a short, foot-wide section of galena in a quartz vein. Two men were employed.
At the end of December a profit-sharing working agreement was entered into with Violamac Mines Limited for the development of the property.
Wonderful (Silver
Ridge Mining
Company Limited)
SLOCAN LAKE*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Mammoth, Standard, Monarch,
Enterprise (Western Exploration
Company Limited)
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 38 South Dearborn Street,
Chicago, 111.; mine office, Silverton. M. P. McCullough, Chicago,
president; A. M. Ham, Silverton, managing director; J. M. Mc-
Dearmid, manager; R. A. Avison, mine superintendent; C. E.
Towgood, mill superintendent. Capital: 2,000,000 shares, 50
cents par value. A management contract is held by H. L. Hill and
Associates, consulting mining engineers, Vancouver. The company
owns the Mammoth, Monarch, and Standard mines near Silverton, and the Enterprise
mine on Enterprise Creek, 12Vi miles by road south of Silverton. Stope mining was
continuous throughout the year, with about equal amounts of ore being produced from
the Mammoth and Monarch orebodies. The Mammoth main haulage is the No. 7 adit,
which is connected by a 45-degree raise to No. 9 level, 340 feet below. The ore from
this area was obtained by square-set stoping between No. 9 and No. 8 levels. On No. 7
level the Monarch orebody was explored by a raise from the Hecla drift to the Monarch
adit, 310 feet vertically above. A sublevel was established in 1957 midway between
levels from it and an orebody was developed that produced half the 1958 ore supply.
All ore was delivered to the mill via the 16,000-foot tram-line, the upper terminal of
which is at the portal of No. 7 adit. No. 12 adit, at 4,290 feet elevation, was commenced
on the east side of Avison Creek and was driven to intersect the downward projection
of the Mammoth orebody. This crosscut, more than 2,500 feet long, for the most part
parallels the Buffalo vein. The crosscut intersected the Buffalo vein in two places where
considerable sphalerite was seen. In December the face of the crosscut was close to, but
west of, the believed favourable zone. Late in December stope mining in the upper levels
was suspended because of lack of ore. The concentrator ceased operating at the same
time.
The Standard and Enterprise mines remained idle. Custom milling was done on
several lots of ore. The crew numbered seventy in January and was reduced to forty-six
at the time of closing.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 511, 850 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. R. Crowe-Swords, president. Capital: 3,000,000
shares, 50 cents par value. The Bosun mine is on the east shore
of Slocan Lake, IV2 miles south of New Denver on the Nelson-
Nakusp Highway. The main haulage, No. 6 adit, is driven beneath
the highway from a site 40 feet above the lake. W. H. McLeod, of Silverton, with the
aid of a partner, has operated a lease intermittently since 1956.    A small amount of
* By J. E. Merrett.
Bosun (New
Santiago Mines
Limited) 48 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
exploratory raising and diamond drilling was done in the west central section. However,
the main work completed was the sinking of a winze 40 feet on the vein in the centre
section at the intersection of the main vein and No. 6 level crosscut. A 2-foot vein,
mineralized with galena and sphalerite, was exposed on the east wall of the winze. Additional sulphide mineralization was disclosed above a false hangingwall and will be mined
with the vein material.
(49° 117° N.E.)    Company office, 532 Burrard Street, Vancou-
Van Roi, Hewitt    ver.   Capital, 5,000,000 shares, no par value.   This company owns
(Slocan Van Roi     the Van Roi and Hewitt mines, 6V2 miles by road southeast of
Mines Limited)     Silverton. Transcontinental Resources Limited has directional control.   E. Derosa and M. Tarnowski mined 104 tons of ore under
lease between No. 9 and No. 10 levels in the Hewitt mine, and L. Fried and V. Hansen
mined 260 tons of ore on No. 4 sublevel in the Van Roi mine.   The ore from both mines
was trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton.    All mining equipment was
removed from both mines and stored at the Van Roi mill, 1 mile south of Silverton on
the Nelson-Nakusp Highway.
(49° 117° N.E.) The Noonday mine is on Gold Creek just east
Noonday of the Galena Farm mine.    It was under lease to K. Millar and
H. Lyon, of Silverton, who made a shipment of 88 tons of ore to
the Western Exploration mill at Silverton. An outcrop of ore was exposed by hydrau-
licking in the bed of Gold Creek immediately below the lowest portal of the Noonday
mine.
(49° 117° N.E.) This property of two Crown-granted mineral
Fisher Maiden      claims owned by F. Mills, of Silverton, is on Silverton Creek, 8
miles by road from Silverton. No. 3 level on the south vein was
reopened, and 206 tons of ore was removed from an old stope above the level and was
trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton. The caved portal of No. 3 level
of the north vein, approximately 300 feet north of the south vein, was reopened and
retimbered for a distance of 60 feet.
(49° 117° NE.)    Company office, 2, 415 Baker Street, Nelson;
Westmont (Silver   mine office, Silverton.   Capital:    100,000 shares, $1 par value.
King Mines        B. F. Marasek, president and manager.   This company holds under
Limited) option from J. A. Cullinane, of the Ellis Syndicate of Nelson, nine
Crown-granted mineral claims and fractions on the north side of
Enterprise Creek, opposite the Enterprise mine. Access is by 5.6 miles of road from the
Nelson-Nakusp Highway. The one-half mile of old road between the mine and Enterprise Creek road was reopened, and a 30-foot bridge was constructed over Westmont
Creek. A portable ore-bin of 60 tons capacity was constructed near the portal of No. 4
adit. This portal was reopened and retimbered from the surface to the intersection of the
main vein, a distance of 200 feet. West of the intersection, caved ground was cleared
sufficiently to provide access to the bottom of the old stope area, approximately 1,000
feet west. This work permitted the re-establishment of natural ventilation. At the intersection of the crosscut and main vein a stope has been prepared for mining. Immediately
west of this point, a crosscut 35 feet long was driven into the footwall following a narrow
silver-bearing quartz vein. East of the intersection, 100 feet of drifting was done on the
main vein and 425 tons of ore was removed from a stope above the drift. The stope back
was close to the surface. The quartz vein in this stope ranged in width from 6 inches to
2 feet and was well mineralized with galena, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, ruby silver, and
native silver. The ore produced was shipped to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton
and to the Trail smelter.   A crew of three was employed. LODE METALS
49
SPRINGER CREEK*
Silver
Ottawa (Yukon
Western Mining
and Prospecting
Company Limited)
(49° 117° N.E.) Company and mine office, Slocan City. W. A.
Ady, Edmonton, manager; C. Thickett, Slocan City, foreman.
This company holds an option on the Ottawa mine on Springer
Creek, 5 miles by road from Slocan City. Between February and
November a crew of four men completed 200 feet of drifting and
65 feet of raising on the east vein on the No. 8 or bottom level.
On the west vein on this level 190 feet of raising was completed. One mile of new road
was constructed northeast from No. 8 level portal to the Hamilton portal on Little Tim
Creek, where 94 feet of crosscutting was done to intersect a quartz vein believed to be
the continuation of the Anna vein. Twenty-eight tons of ore was trucked to the Trail
smelter.
NORTH LARDEAU*
Gold-Silver-Lead-Zinc
Spider, Eclipse
(Sunshine Lardeau
Mines Limited)
(50° 117° N.W.)   Company office, 604, 744 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver; mine office, Beaton.   J. Drybrough, president; J. A.
Pike, managing director;  G. G. Sullivan, manager;  O. Meurling,
mine   superintendent;    E.   Hall,  mill   superintendent.     Capital:
4,000,000 shares, no par value.   The mine camp and mill are at the
old townsite of Camborne, at the junction of Poole Creek and Incomappleux River, 6
miles by road northeast of Beaton on the northeast arm of Upper Arrow Lake.   The mine
is on the south side of Poole Creek, 2 to 3 miles by very steep road from Camborne.
No development work was done and production was on a salvage basis. All broken
ore below No. 10 level on the Eclipse and No. 4 veins was recovered. Underhand stoping
on No. 4 vein indicated a pinching of the orebody. Mining and milling were suspended
on May 14th, the mill having produced 1,256 tons of lead concentrate and 1,544 tons of
zinc concentrate during 1958. The concentrates were shipped to smelters in the United
States.
The road to No. 6 level was reopened and S. Barclay and partner, holding a lease on
the workings on this level, made some ore shipments.
Prior to 1952 approximately 400 tons of ore was mined. During the period of
operation by the present company, from 1952 to 1958, 140,772 tons of ore was mined,
having the following gross content in concentrates and in approximately 4,000 tons of
crude ore: Gold, 11,876 oz.; silver, 1,686,805 oz.; copper, 188,161 lb.; lead, 23,793,322
lb.; zinc, 25,301,641 lb.; cadmium, 145,529 lb. Mill recoveries averaged about 91 per
cent. Of the foregoing, the Eclipse vein produced about 35,000 tons of ore, the remainder
coming from the Spider workings. The ore grades of the two veins were practically the
same. On suspension of mining operations a small crew was maintained to examine an
adjoining group of claims, owned by Lardeau Mines Exploration Limited, and the Lead
Star group, situated about 4 miles westerly and owned by D. A. Mcintosh. After some
diamond drilling and surface examination the options on these properties were dropped.
(50° 117° N.W.)    Company office, 404 Pemberton Building, 744
Beatrice (Beatrice   West Hastings Street, Vancouver.    W. J. Scorgie, president and
Mining Co. Ltd.)    managing director.   Capital:   50,000 shares, $1 par value.   This
company owns a group of claims at the head of the east fork of
Mohawk Creek.   The main workings are on the Beatrice claim and are accessible by
4 miles of tractor-road from the Spider mine road.   The tractor-road was reopened but
no other work was done.
* By J. E. Merrett.
3 50
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Ferguson (50° 117° N.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, Trail.   A. Peterson, Trail, manager.   These prop-
Black Warrior,      erties, optioned from J. Main, of Ferguson, are at the headwaters
Elsmere (Circle City of Ferguson Creek, 10 miles by trail from Ferguson.    A crew
Mines Limited)      of two  men  was  employed repairing the  trail  and reopening
open-cuts  and caved drifts  so that examination can be made
of these properties.
Hall Creek (50° 117° N.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
J. Gallo, of Howser, owns the Bannockburn group of Crown-
Bannockburn       granted mineral claims on the south side of the headwaters of Hall
Creek, a tributary of Duncan River. The property is reached by
17 miles of road from the Lardeau River road up Healy Creek, over the summit into
Hall Creek, and by 4 miles of trail south to the mine workings. The Lardeau River
bridge was reconstructed and the road was reopened to Hall Creek. Three miles of
pack-horse trail was constructed toward the workings. Some surface stripping was done
at various points along a vein mineralized with galena and sphalerite.
J. Gallo, of Howser, owns the Wagner group of Crown-granted
Wagner mineral claims on the north side of the headwaters of Hall Creek,
a tributary of Duncan River. The property is reached by the same
road providing access to the Bannockburn group and by 2 miles of trail north to the mine
workings. Some surface stripping was done on a vein exposed by the recession of a
glacier.
SOUTH LARDEAU*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50°  116° S.W.)    Company office, Trail.    This company has
J.G., Rosco, etc.     a purchase option from J. Gallo and associates, of Howser, on a
(The Consolidated  block  of mineral claims  extending north  from  Glacier Creek
Mining and Smelt- across a mountain ridge to the north end of the peninsula on the
ing Company of     east side of Duncan Lake.    A band of limestone, mineralized
Canada, Limited)    with galena and sphalerite, has at various times been explored
by diamond drilling and trenching over several thousand feet of
strike length.    There is an adit on the north side of Glacier Creek.   Further geological
mapping was done in 1958, and a considerable amount of diamond drilling was done
on the peninsula.
CRESTON*
Copper
May-Bee
(49° 116° S.E.) This property, comprising three recorded claims
owned by O. Arrowsmith, of Erickson, is on the north side of
Arrow Creek, 3 miles west of Kitchener on the Creston-Cranbrook
Highway. The claims are astride the south end of the Iron Range Mountain fault, and
extend from the north side of Goat River northward up the mountain. The showing is
a chalcopyrite-bearing quartz vein ranging in width from 1 to 5 feet. The vein strikes
north 36 degrees west and dips vertically, and is in a diorite sill of Purcell age in the
Iron Range Mountain fault zone. The upper adit at 3,200 feet elevation was extended
12 feet to a total length of 95 feet. The lower adit at 3,020 feet elevation was extended
15 feet to a total length of 60 feet.
* By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
51
KIMBERLEY*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Sullivan (The Consolidated Mining
and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
(49° 115° N.W.)    Company office, 215 St. James Street West,
Montreal;  western headquarters, Trail.    R. E. Stavert, Montreal,
president; R. D. Perry, Trail, vice-president and general manager.
Sullivan mine office, Kimberley.   J. R. Geigerich, general superintendent;   R. M. Porter, mine superintendent;   H. J. Chalmers,
Chapman Camp, superintendent, Sullivan concentrator.   The Sullivan mine is on Mark Creek, 2 miles north of Kimberley, and the
concentrator is at Chapman Camp, 2 miles south of Kimberley.    The holdings include
678 Crown-granted mineral claims and fractions.   The following report, prepared by the
management, is a synopsis of the 1958 operations;.—■
" The Sullivan Mine produced and the Concentrator treated some 2,400,000 tons of
ore. Seventy per cent of this was produced from the section Above 3900 Level and thirty
per cent from Below 3900 Level.
" Long-hole drilling methods, using diamond and percussion drills with sectional
steel, accounted for 95% of the production. The remainder was mined by bench
mining methods in open stopes. Three winzes for float filling stopes Below 3900 Level
were sunk by drilling a raise pattern through to the stope by diamond drill and blasting
in sections from the stope to the level. These winzes were an average of 60 feet in length.
" Development footage was 52,497.5 feet, about ten per cent below 1957. 870,562
cubic yards of fill were placed, made up as follows—175,731 cubic yards gravel;
172,452 cubic yards float fill;  522,379 cubic yards planned cave.
"Primary ventilation of the mine was done by eleven fans, using 1,375 H.P.
Volume of air handled was in the order of 1,000,000 c.f.m., or four tons of air for each
ton of ore produced.
" Safety programs have been active at both the Mine and the Concentrator. The
Mine, with 43 lost-time accidents, had a frequency rate of 22.5 and a severity rate of 1199
compared to 1957 figures of 28.9 and 1594 respectively. The Concentrator, with three
lost-time accidents, had a frequency of 3.7 and a severity rate of 221 compared to 1957
figures of 5.7 and 115 respectively. Days lost due to accidents were 2,291 at the Mine
and 180 at the Concentrator. The eye protection program at the Mine has been quite
successful with a reduction of 22% of eye injuries from 1957.
" One hundred thirty-two new employees attended the induction school at the
Mine, bringing the total to 2,137 having received this training. Eighty miners received
a two-week course of mining instruction, bringing the total to have received this training
to 331. Six employees were trained in Mine-Rescue and received their certificates. Mine-
Rescue and First-Aid teams competed in local, East Kootenay, and Provincial competitions.
" The Concentrator operated 254 days during 1958 at an average of close to 9,500
tons per day.
"Employees totalled 1,437 at year-end, with 1,038 at the Mine and 399 at the
Concentrator."
ST. MARY RIVER*
Lead-Zinc
(49° 116° N.E.) This property is 18 miles northwest of Kimberley, west of White Creek, and 6 miles north-northeast of the
confluence of White and Dewar Creeks. The property comprises
twenty recorded claims owned by The Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, and covers a showing of
disseminated lead and zinc in sediments. The claims were located
in September, 1957.   Eight men were employed for a period of
Vulcan (The Consolidated Mining
and Smelting
Company of
Canada, Limited)
• By D. R. Morgan. 52 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
three months during the summer of 1958. They geologically mapped and prospected
the group, completed 7 miles of trail, drilled three diamond-drill holes totalling 85 feet,
and did a limited amount of geophysical work. The men were housed in tent camps, and
a truck and pack-horses were used for transportation.
FORT STEELE*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(49° 115° N.W.)    Registered office, 1442 Bay Avenue, Trail;
Fort Steele Gold    mine office, Box 1720, Cranbrook.   D. Shirling, president; C. F.
and Silver Mines    Gorse, manager.   The Joy, Rita, and Gertrude claims are owned
Limited by C. F. Gorse, and are located between Brewery and Fisher
Creeks, on the north side of Wild Horse River.   Access is by means
of a 5-mile logging-road leading from Fort Steele.   A small crew was employed reopening
two old shafts, one 20 feet deep and the other 40 feet.   Both shafts are on a mineral
occurrence of silver, lead, and zinc.
SKOOKUMCHUCK*
Tungsten
(49°   116°  N.E.)    This  property  comprises  fifty-eight  claims
Pico (The Consoli-  owned by The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
dated Mining and   Canada, Limited.   It is on Burnt Creek, a tributary of Skookum-
Smelting Company chuck Creek, approximately 30 miles by logging-road west of
of Canada, Limited) Torrent.   The claims cover scheelite mineralization associated with
garnet, epidote, and minor chalcopyrite in skarn zones within
sediments and diorite.   The showings were trenched in 1957.
During 1958 a contract company employing five men for a period of six weeks
drilled five holes totalling 1,455 feet on the " sediment" showing. Personnel were housed
in a tent camp on Burnt Creek.
CANAL FLATS*
Silver-Lead-Zinc
(50° 115° S.W.)    This property comprises fourteen claims owned
Key by J. W., J. E., and J. C. Blake, of Skookumchuck, and A. M.
Blake, of Ta Ta Creek. It is on the south tributary of Doctor
Creek, 19 miles by logging-road and IVi miles by good pack-trail southwest of Canal
Flats. The claims cover showings of galena, sphalerite, pyrite, and some tetrahedrite
with minor quartz in argillaceous sediments. The Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited, optioned the property in 1957 and seven men were
employed for a period of two months in 1958. The trail was cleared and two holes were
diamond drilled a total of 501 feet.   The option was relinquished in October, 1958.
WINDERMERE*
Toby Creek (50° 116° S.E.)
Silver-Lead-Zinc
Company office, 6, 490 Baker Street, Nelson;  mine office, Toby
Mineral King       Creek.   H. E. Doelle, managing director;  J. B. Magee, resident
(Sheep Creek      manager.   This mine is 28 miles by road southwest of Athalmer,
Mines Limited)     on the Toby Creek side of the ridge between Jumbo and Toby
Creeks.    The mineral deposit is a lead-zinc replacement, with
barite, in limestone of the Mount Nelson formation.   The mine is operated by the open-
stope method and the workings are in four subparallel orebodies known as the "A,"
" B," " C," and " D " bodies.
* By D. R. Morgan. LODE METALS
53
During 1958, 192,426 tons of ore was mined and milled, with most of the tonnage
coming from above the No. 4 level. Exploration, development, and mining were continued on all levels from No. 2 to No. 6, inclusive, and the finding of a better grade of
ore in the lower levels raised the average mill head slightly above that of 1957. The
development included 1,728 feet of drifts and crosscuts, 1,783 feet of raises, and 11,570
feet of diamond drilling in a total of 126 holes.
No major installation was made underground during 1958, and there has been very
little change in the operation. Preparations were being made to mine barite from the
top-level workings at the end of the year, and it is expected there will be production of
barite in the near future. This mining will be separated from the remainder of the
operations by transporting the barite along No. 3 level and down the surface skip way.
The mine is ventilated by both mechanical and natural ventilation, and approximately 29,000 cubic feet of air per minute is exhausted from the workings. Of this
quantity, 18,000 cubic feet per minute is supplied by a 15-horsepower electrically driven
Sirocco fan at the portal of the No. 2 level intake airway. Transportation from the mine
is by diesel locomotive, and all production is brought to No. 7 level.
New construction work on the surface during 1958 included an extension to the
power-house to accommodate a 500-kva. portable diesel generator and a 300-c.f.m.
portable diesel compressor. The original 500-ton capacity coarse-ore bin, located near
the main haulage portal of the mine, was rebuilt and trestled for lead-zinc ore. A new
100-ton ore-bin was built at the bottom of the surface incline for barite ore.
The average number of men employed was ninety-four, of whom fifty were employed
underground.
Silver-Copper
Horsethief Creek (50° 116° N.E.)
Ptarmigan (The
Selkirk Ptarmigan
Mines Limited)
President and manager, Heinz K. F. Seel, Edgewater. This property is at an elevation of 8,600 feet, at the headwaters of Red Line
Creek, a tributary of McDonald Creek, which in turn is a tributary
of Horsethief Creek. Access is by means of a 29-mile road from
the village of Wilmer. A description of the property is included in
the 1955 Annual Report.
The property is owned by Mr. Seel, and the present company, which is a private
one, was formed in 1958 to continue the operations at the mine. Three men were
employed and activities were directed mainly to the No. 3 level, where a small cut-and-fill
stope was commenced in 1957. Further ice was removed for a distance of 160 feet at
the inner portion of the level, and 34 feet of drifting was done on a new lead of high-grade
ore. The total tonnage of ore from the stope and drift was 181 tons, which was shipped
by truck to the Trail smelter. Silver assays of the shipments ranged from 210 to 400
ounces per ton. The mine is ventilated by natural means, and a raise was driven from
the level to an old incline for a distance of 45 feet to improve the ventilation.
On the surface 2V2 miles of the upper portion of the road was relocated to improve
the grade, and a small building was put up for storage and heating of water for drilling.
REVELSTOKE*
(51° 118° S.E.) Twenty-three claims and fractions located in
September, 1955, and held by American Standard Mines Limited
were under option in 1958 to Bunker Exploration Ltd. The claims
cover old lead-zinc occurrences first located many years ago but
not mentioned in any geological reports.    The company improved the trail into the
Silver-Lead-Zinc
King Fissure, S.B.
C.R., and Deby
' By Stuart S. Holland.
4 54 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
property and established a tent camp at an elevation of about 4,500 feet at the head of
Lorenz Creek, a tributary from the south to Copeland Creek. The camp is reached via
a truck-road which leaves the Trans-Canada Highway at the railway crossing about
2 miles west of Revelstoke. The truck-road follows the west side of Jordan River for
about 10 miles. From there a pack-horse trail continues for another 2 miles to the
mouth of Copeland Creek. The trail extends up the north side of Copeland Creek
for 3 miles, then crosses to the south side and climbs steeply for 3 miles to the camp-site
at the head of Lorenz Creek.
The mineralization is exposed between 6,000 and 7,500 feet elevation on the
northern slope of Mount Copeland. The mineralization is well exposed in natural outcrops on moderate and steep slopes for a total length of about 7,500 feet, although part
is obscured by lobes of glacial ice.
The area is underlain by a succession of quartzites, micaceous quartzites, schists,
and garnetiferous mica schists containing a few marble beds. The rocks strike north 50
degrees west, dip 50 degrees southwest, and are folded into an isoclinal syncline whose
axis is essentially horizontal even though local plunges of 5 degrees northwest or southeast are observed. The central part of the syncline is occupied by a band of gneiss which
is crossed by several narrow, irregular pegmatite dykes.
The mineralization, which is a fine-grained aggregate of pyrite, pyrrhotite, galena,
and sphalerite, seems to replace a single stratigraphic bed. It lies close to a white marble
bed that makes an excellent marker horizon and outcrops mainly along the southwest
limb of the syncline. On the northwestern end the mineralization can almost be seen to
follow down into the synclinal trough and then up on the northeastern limb where it
outcrops discontinuously along strike.
The sulphide mineralization ranges from 1 foot to about 8 feet in width and probably
averages about 5 feet. Chip sampling done in 1956 for American Standard Mines
Limited indicated that the outcropping mineralization along the southwestern limb might
assay up to about 10 per cent combined lead and zinc and contain 1 to 2 ounces of silver
per ton.
Work during the summer of 1958 was directed solely toward a thorough sampling
of the outcropping mineralization. Trenches at 25-foot intervals were blasted across the
mineralized bed and a generous-sized bulk sample taken from each locality. Further
exploration work by Bunker Exploration Ltd. will be largely contingent upon obtaining
encouraging assay results from this sampling.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1956, p. 114; Western Miner,
October, 1956, p. 128.]
SKAGIT RIVER*
Copper
(49°  121° s.E.)   The A.M. group, consisting of eight Crown-
A.M. (The Consoli- granted claims, was optioned from Canam Copper Company Ltd.
dated Mining and   The property is on the western boundary of Manning Park and is
Smelting Company  about 4 miles by road southerly from Mile 26 on the Hope-Prince-
of Canada, Limited) ton Highway.    From 1930, when the showings were discovered,
up to the end of 1956 a considerable amount of underground exploration has been carried out, and detailed descriptions of the property have appeared
in previous Annual Reports.
From August 12th until November 4th a surface geological mapping programme was
carried out under the direction of J. K. Webb. A four-man party prepared a plane-table
map of the significant claim area.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1954, pp. 152-159; 1949, pp.
210-213.]
* By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS 55
Zinc-Lead-Copper
(49° 121° S.E.) British Columbia office, 202, 2256 West Twelfth
Gold Coin (Noranda Avenue, Vancouver.   B. O. Brynelsen, manager, Vancouver.   This
Exploration property includes forty-one claims which are held under option
Company, Limited) agreement with J. Ashenbrenner and F. Lemieux, of Hope. The
claims are on Shawatum or Ten Mile Creek, a tributary of the
Skagit River, and are approximately 25 miles in a direct line southeast of Hope. Numerous outcrops of sulphide mineralization occur in rocks of the Hozameen series, and have
been prospected over a number of years by minor surface workings. In 1950 a few
hundred feet of diamond drilling was done on the Gold Coin No. 2 claim to explore the
downward extension of the series of narrow veins that outcrop on bluffs to the north of
Shawatum Creek and east of Star Group Creek.
The work undertaken by the present company included prospecting, sampling,
mapping, and some magnetometer surveying. A crew of four men was employed for
two months.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1929, pp. 241, 242; 1938, pp.
FT9,'F20.]
HOPE*
Nickel-Copper
(49°  121° S.W.)    Company office, 1111 West Georgia Street,
Pride of Emory     Vancouver;  mine office, Hope.    D. W. Pringle, manager;  L. R.
(Western Nickel    Archibald, mine superintendent.    The property is at the head of
Limited) Stulkawhits (Texas) Creek, which flows eastward into the Fraser
River about 6 miles north of Hope. From a point on the Trans-
Canada Highway 10 miles north of Hope, a good gravel road 5.1 miles long leads up
Stulkawhits Creek to the mine camp near the 2600 adit portal. A branch road from the
camp provides access to the 3550 portal.
A description and history of the property was given in the 1954 Annual Report.
The property remained inactive from November, 1954, until April, 1957, when The
Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited was appointed to
conduct the management of the mine. Throughout the latter half of 1957 the property
was prepared for production, which began in January, 1958. As a result of economic
difficulties, the mine was closed at the end of July.
The orebodies are pipe-like in form and occur in an irregular northerly plunging
mass of ultrabasic rocks, approximately 2 square miles in area. They comprise concentrations of sulphides, of which pyrrhotite, pentlandite, and chalcopyrite are the most
common, in the ultrabasic rocks. The mine is developed from two adit levels—the 3550
level, with portals on both west and east sides of the mine, and the 2600 level, which is
the main haulage level. An ore-pass and an internal inclined shaft join the two levels.
The greater part of the ore was mined from stopes above the 3550 level in the Pride of
Emory and the Brunswick Nos. 5 and 8 orebodies, but a considerable amount of ore was
also mined from an orebody above the 2600 level. Sublevel and shrinkage methods of
mining were used.   The following is a summary of production and work done:—
Drifting ft.      1,032
Raising ft.      3,373
Diamond drilling ft.      5,477
Ore mined tons 131,133
Nickel concentrates shipped tons      7,598
Copper concentrates shipped   tons 729
* By A. R. C. James. 56
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
A total crew of 156 men was employed in the final month of operation.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1954, pp. 161-163; Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 190 (1936).]
HARRISON LAKE*
Molybdenite
(49° 121° N.W.) Company office, 744 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. J. A. Pike, resident manager. This company optioned
the AB group of forty recorded claims. The group is on Clear
Creek, a tributary of Big Silver Creek, which flows into the east
side of Harrison Lake.   Surface trenching, sampling, and geological
work were done to outline zones of molybdenite mineralization in the granitic rocks.
Five men were employed.
Newmont Mining
Corporation of
Canada Limited
HOWE SOUND*
Copper
Britannia (Howe
Sound Company
(Britannia
Division))
(49° 123° N.E.) Head office, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York,
N.Y.; mine office, Britannia Beach. William M. Weaver, Jr., president; Frederick A. McGonigle, vice-president; D. W. Pringle, general superintendent; L. L. Allen, mine superintendent; P. C. Emery,
chief engineer. In December, 1957, Britannia Mining and Smelting
Co. Limited proposed to cease operations, but with the assistance
of a direct subsidy payment from the Federal Government and the Provincial Government
the company continued to operate on a reduced scale until March 12th, 1958, when all
operations, except maintenance, ceased. On August 8th Britannia Mining and Smelting
Co. Limited was placed in voluntary liquidation and Howe Sound Company became the
successor. At the end of the year D. W. Pringle was appointed general superintendent
and plans were made to reopen the mine.
The following summary supplied by the management provides detail of the operations in 1958:—
No. 8
Victoria
Total
Drifts	
Ft.
151
530
245
1,117
Ft.
188
262
549
Ft.
339
792
245
1,666
The ore is mined by shrinkage, cut-and-fill, and square-set mining methods,
tonnages produced by each mining method in the two mines was as follows:—
The
No. 8
Victoria
Total
Development...- , -— — .
396
14,863
3,597
25,494
552
948
14,863
Cut-and-fill 	
4,856
14,238
8,453
39,732
Totals	
44,350
19.646         i         63.996
Production: Ore milled, 66,863 tons.
* By R. B. King. LODE METALS 57
TEX AD A ISLAND*
Iron
(49° 124° N.W.) Registered office, 626 West Pender Street, Van-
Texada Mines Ltd. couver. A. D. Christensen, San Francisco, president; B. L. Alexander, general manager; J. Kenneth Halley, chief engineer; J.Yuill,
mine superintendent; L. D. Smillie, mill superintendent. This property is on the southwest coast of Texada Island, about 3 miles westerly from Gillies Bay, which is nearly 70
air miles northwest of Vancouver airport. The company holds eight Crown-granted and
ten recorded mineral claims.
Magnetite is mined in pits from levels which are established at 20-foot intervals.
Waste rock is stripped where necessary. Vertical holes are drilled with Gardner-Denver
rotary drills and are blasted electrically. The broken ore or waste is loaded by 2V2 -cubic-
yard diesel-driven shovels into 15-cubic-yard-capacity trucks and is transported to specific
stockpiles or to the crushing plant.
The development work at the various mines is summarized as follows:—
Diamond Drilling Waste Stripping
Mine (Ft.) (Cu. Yd.)
Prescott  3,481                 	
Yellow Kid  7,468 164,731
Paxton  5,841 446,176
Boulder Nest and others  1,039                 	
Totals   17,829 610,907
In the mill a copper concentrate is made by flotation and a magnetite concentrate
is made by magnetic separation. The magnetite concentrate is dried in a rotary kiln and
conveyed to stockpiles. Magnetite concentrates were shipped to Japan and copper
concentrates to Tacoma.
Production:  Iron concentrate, 357,776 tons; copper concentrate, 3,338 tons.
VANCOUVER ISLANDf
Benson (Elk) Lake (50° 127° S.E.)
Iron
Company office, 736 Granville Street, Vancouver;   mine office,
Empire Develop-    Port McNeill.   George C. Lipsey, general manager.   This property
ment Company     is operated by Mannix Company Limited;  company office, 546
Limited Howe Street, Vancouver; A Shaak, project manager.   The prop
erty is south of Benson and Kathleen Lakes in the Quatsino-
Nimpkish area of Vancouver Island. It is reached by a 25-mile road from Port McNeill
on Broughton Strait. Magnetite ore is mined from two open pits on the Merry Widow
orebody at an elevation of 2,500 feet. Vertical blast-holes are drilled by Gardner-Denver
rotary drills. Broken ore is loaded by 2Vi -cubic-yard diesel-driven shovels onto trucks
and hauled about 1 mile to the primary crushing plant. Crushed material is conveyed
to a loading-bin at the head of an inclined surface tram. Ore is loaded into 8-ton-capacity
skips which operate in counterbalance. The ore is dumped from the skips into a bin and
is then conveyed to the concentrator, at an elevation of 800 feet, where it is further
crushed and ground to proper size for magnetic separation. The concentrate is trucked
to Port McNeill, where it is stockpiled for shipment.
To facilitate the handling of supplies and personnel to the pits a road was constructed
from the camp during the year. The mine produced 572,404 tons of ore, yielding
272,495 tons of magnetite concentrate.
* By R. B. King.
t By R. B. Bonar, except as noted. 58
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd., mill.
Sunro Mines Limited, adit portal in Jordan River Canyon. LODE METALS 59
Bedwell Sound (49° 125° S.W.)
Gold
Company office, Tofino.    S. D. Craig, managing director.    This
Musketeer (Bed-    company acquired the Musketeer property from Pioneer Gold
well River Gold     Mines Limited, and early in 1958 commenced to reopen the mine.
Mines Limited)     The mill and cook-house had been severely damaged by heavy
snowfall, but by July the reconditioning of the mill building and
machinery was well in hand.   The mine was in fair condition in spite of the long closure.
Considerable work was done to improve the road from the head of Bedwell Sound to the
mine, a distance of approximately 10 miles.
Near the end of 1958 the property was put into production and an initial shipment
of concentrate was sent to the Tacoma smelter.
Tranquil Inlet (49° 125° S.W.)
Gold
Company office, 408, 402 West Pender Street, Vancouver.   F. R.
Fandora and Gold   Burton, president; R. H. Seraphim, exploration manager.   Moneta
Flake (Tofino Gold Porcupine Mines, Limited, acquired management control of this
Mines Ltd.)*       property in 1957.    The property consists of five Crown-granted
claims and thirty-one claims held by record.   These are on Tranquil Creek about 2 miles from the head of Tranquil Inlet on Vancouver Island, about
115 miles by air west of Vancouver airport.   From a beach camp near the mouth of
Tranquil Creek, a tractor-road 1 % miles long follows the general course of the creek to
a steep trail leading to the camp-site at an elevation of about 1,500 feet.   A tram-line
from the end of the road is used to service the camp and 1500 level (Upper Craig adit).
The gold-quartz veins were discovered in the late 1930's, when surface work disclosed the veins in a shear zone adjacent to an andesite dyke. Adits were later driven
at 1,900 and 2,100 feet elevations. In 1946 the property was optioned by Privateer
Mine, Limited. This company extended the 1900 and 2100 levels and opened levels at
1,700 and 1,500 feet elevations. The property closed in 1947. In 1949 Camac Mining
Co. Limited optioned the property and did some underground and surface work. In
1957 Moneta Mines reopened the property and began driving the 1500 level. In 1958,
946 feet of drifting was done and thirty-two cuts were blasted in the north wall of the drift
to sample a vein in the hangingwall.
The rocks in the area are altered volcanics, tuffs, and breccias. Fractures, striking
north of east to south of east and dipping 60 to 85 degrees to the north, cut the volcanic
rocks. In the workings an andesite dyke of varying width follows one of these fractures,
striking north 70 degrees west and dipping 75 degrees to the north. This dyke has some
narrow, fairly continuous quartz veins in it or near its contacts. The quartz veins split
and join with no apparent regularity. The widest section of quartz vein sampled has
been 28 inches, the average width being considerably less.
The gangue material of the veins is mainly quartz with some carbonate. The known
metallic minerals are pyrite, galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite, and visible gold. The walls
of the veins are for the most part oxidized by circulating ground water.
* By R. B. King. 60 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Cowichan Lake (48° 124° N.E.)
Copper
Head office, 620 Howe Street, Vancouver; mine office, Lake Cowi-
Blue Grouse        chan.    Oswood G. McDonald, president and general manager;
(Cowichan Copper  J. R. Billingsley, mine manager;  G. G. Sullivan, geologist.   The
Co. Ltd.)* property consists of three Crown-granted mineral claims and sixty
claims held by record.   It includes two old properties—the Blue
Grouse and Sunnyside—and is on the south side of Cowichan Lake about 3 miles by
motor-road northwest of Honeymoon Bay.
In 1958 stoping of the G-H orebody {see Ann. Rept., 1956, pp. 120-122) continued
and stoping of the E zone {see Ann. Rept., 1957, p. 71) was begun. Development work
was entirely in connection with these stoping operations.
The following summary, provided by the management, shows details of the work
done during the year:-— Ft
Drifting and crosscutting  1,115
Raising      703
Diamond drilling underground  5,627
A total of 96,029 tons was milled, containing an average of 3.196 per cent copper.
Concentrates were shipped to Japan from a loading-dock at Hatch Point at the head of
Saanich Inlet.
Jordan River (48° 124° S.E.)
Copper
Head office, Tadanac; mine office, River Jordan.   This property
Sunloch and        is on the Jordan River about 1 mile upstream from the mouth.
Gabbro (Sunro      The present workings are reached by a branch road, 1 mile long,
Mines Limited)     that leaves the Victoria-Jordan River highway about half a mile
east of River Jordan post office.   The adit started in 1957 about
100 feet above sea-level was extended 3,456 feet during the year.    The adit is straight,
with a bearing of about north 35 degrees east and has a total length of 7,805 feet.   It was
driven to explore further the downward extension of a mineralized shear zone indicated
in old surface workings and partly outlined by previous diamond drilling.   The zone was
penetrated at about 7,500 feet and consists of basalt mineralized with chalcopyrite and
minor amounts of pyrrhotite and pyrite.
A drift was started near the point of contact and was driven north 15 degrees west
on the strike of the zone for 400 feet. This drift was completed about the end of June.
An extensive diamond-drill programme was inaugurated in June from underground
stations.
• By N. D. McKechnie. LODE METALS
61
REPORTS ON GEOLOGICAL, GEOPHYSICAL,
AND GEOCHEMICAL WORK
Reports accepted to the end of 1958 for credit on assessment requirements for
properties held under the " Mineral Act " and the " Placer-mining Act" since January
17th, 1947, and reports on geochemical surveys accepted since April 6th, 1951, are
shown in the accompanying table. A copy of each report may be examined in the office
of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is. A second copy
of each report is filed in the office of the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch, Department
of Mines, Victoria.
In the following list the property name is that which appears to be in most common
use. It is not feasible to list all the claim names in each property. The author of each
report is given and the principal for whom the report was written.
Reports Credited for Assessment
Geographic Position
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
1° Ouadr.
Quarter
o
'oo
o
o
u
o
u
to
>,
J5
a,
o
u
O
■a
0
1
u
o
u
O
48° 123°
N.W.
N.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
N.W.
S.E.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
48° 123°
A. Stretton, F. Cooke, W. A. Gray, and H. Stretton.
P. A. Chubb and A. E. Lehmberg.
August 27, 1951.
48° 124°
Miss Winnifred McLellan.
Victor Dolmage.
May 15, 1948.
48°  124°
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
June 3, 1958.
48° 124°
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
June 3, 1958.
Chef and Chef No. 2 Groups ....  	
x
48° 124°
Gabbro Copper Mines Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
March 8, 1956.
48° 124°
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.
A. C. Skerl.
May 25, 1954.
Stella 1-4 __._  	
49° 115°
49°  115°
Rosea Copper Mines Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
April 29, 1957.
Barkshanty, Etna, Larson, Glencairn, and Tradedollar Groups	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 24, 1947.
Dries and Tonia	
49° 115°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
P. H. Sevensma.
June 11, 1954.
Estella Group 	
49° 115°
Estella Mines Ltd.
A. R. Allen.
May 8, 1952.
Fly, Spoon, Hook, and Trout Group
49° 115°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
P. H. Sevensma.
May 27, 1954.
Jason Groups -	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
W. P. Hammond.
September 3, 1954. 62
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49°  115°
49° 116°
49° 116°
49°  116°
49° 116°
49° 116°
49° H7°
49° 117°
49° 117°
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.E.
49° 115°    I    S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
N.W.
N.W.
N.W.
N.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
Kimberley Claims.  	
Conwest Exploration Company Limited.
A. A. Brant.
February 24, 1948.
M.L. Claims (Moyie Lake)—   —
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 24, 1947.
M.L. 1-6 Group _
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 25, 1948.
M.L. 72 Fraction and M.L. 73-75 Claims...	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 13, 1951.
M.L. 7 and 8 Groups .
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 13, 1951.
M.L. 7 and 8 Groups.
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 11, 1953.
Rex, Jason, Intruder Groups.
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
September 3, 1954.
St. Joseph Group .
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
January 11, 1955.
T.P.C. Group .
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
January 27, 1955.
Delaware Claims  _.
John W. Hill.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
April 13, 1955.
Fred, Mar, and Nick Groups 	
Highland-Bell Limited.
W. H. Mathews.
December 11, 1956.
Jackpot and Sunshine Groups 	
Arcon Base Metals Limited.
W. V. Smitheringale.
June 12, 1955.
Jim Group..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
H. L. McCallum.
May 13, 1955.
Mathew Creek Group „	
Anyox Metals Limited.
Alexander Smith.
March 9, 1948.
Amco Group..
Amco Exploration, Inc.
W. W. Moorhouse.
December 5, 1952.
Amco 43-47 Fractions	
Amco Exploration, Inc.
W. W. Moorhouse.
September 8, 1953.
Calcite Group-
Canadian Exploration Limited.
H. Lakes.
September 25, 1947. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
63
Geographic Position
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
1° Ouadr.
Quarter
"3
o
"o
u
0
Is
CJ
>,
J3
a
o
u
0
15
0
a
u
■a
u
0
tu
0
49° 117°
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.W.
S.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
P. J. Shenon and R. P. Full.
November 7, 1950.
49° 117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
A. R. Clark and E. H. Lovitt.
August 23, 1947.
49° 117°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
December 4, 1951.
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
F. Mcintosh Galbraith.
September 23, 1952.
GPX, Phil, North Wind, and King Mineral Claims _	
49° 117=
Kenville Gold Mines Limited.
F. C. Buckland and W. R. Baker.
October 19, 1948.
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
S. H. Ward and F. Mcintosh Galbraith.
September 21, 1951.
49° 117°
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
June 9, 1947.
H.B. Nos. 2-7 Mineral Claims  	
49° 117°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
Leonard Telfer.
February 15, 1949
49° H7°
Canadian Exploration Limited.
H. Lakes.
October 10, 1947.
X
49° U7o
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
E. Livingston and R. C. Macdonald.
November 6, 1953.
49°  117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
S. G. Bruce.
March 22, 1948.
49°  117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
A. R. Clark and S. G. Bruce.
March 22, 1948.
Ore Hill Group _	
49°  117°
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Limited.
A. G. Pentland.
July 5, 1947.
49°  in-
Arthur St. Clair Brindle.
Alexander Smith.
November 10, 1947.
Ronald Group _ _  	
X
49° U7°
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
E. Livingston and R. C. Macdonald.
April 2, 1954.
49° 117°
Valley Mining Company.
E. P. Kaiser, R. C. Macdonald, and H. C. Gunning.
January 21, 1948.
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
August 12, 1947. 64
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
49° n7°
49° 117°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° U9°
49° H9°
49° 119°
S.W.
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
N.W.
Tiger Fractional Mineral Claim-
Rossland Mines Limited.
S. G. Bruce and W. R. Baker.
November 13, 1947.
Victory Group-
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
August 15, 1947.
Attwood Claims 	
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
W. H. White and R. H. Seraphim.
March 13, 1952.
Bruce Group-
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
January 28, 1957.
Copper Basin Groups A, B, and C  	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M, Menzies.
January 28, 1957.
Eholt Group      _	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 8, 1957.
Eholt Copper Property-
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 8, 1957.
Greenwood Copper-
Greenwood Copper Corporation Limited.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
September 24, 1956.
Hardscrabble Fraction   —
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
R. H. Seraphim.
November 24, 1952.
Pat Group.
N. H. McDiarmid and E. M. Olts.
R. E. Renshaw.
April 3, 1957.
Ren Group.
Belcor Engineering Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 25,1958.
Ren Mineral Claims 	
Belcor Engineering Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
March 20,1957.
Salamet Group.
Salamet Mines Ltd.
E. B. Nicholls.
September 26, 1956.
South End Group 	
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
R. H. Seraphim.
October 24, 1952.
Alocin Chrome Groups A and B	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 12,1957.
Bellaclava Claims- 	
Silver Bounty Mines Limited.
G. S. Eldridge.
August 25, 1948.
Brenda Prospect-
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
October 23,1957.
X      X LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
65
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
49° n9°
49° 119°
49° 119°
49° 120°
49° 120°
49° 120°
49° 120°
49° 120°
49° 121°
49° 123°
49° 124°
49° 125°
50° 114°
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 116°
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
S.W.
N.E.
N.W.
N.E.
S.W.
S.W.
N.E.
S.W.
N.E.
Crater Lake Group...    	
Highland-Bell Limited.
D. F. Kidd.
October 11, 1947.
Fair Fraction Mineral Claim  -    	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
C. O. Swanson.
July 19, 1947.
Idaho and Washington No. 1 Mineral Claims	
Highland-Bell Limited.
D. F. Kidd.
October 17, 1947.
Bounty Group   _ _. _	
G. S. Eldridge.
D. L. Hings.
February 28, 1957.
Covellite Group-
The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited.
J. H. Parliament.
March 28, 1951.
Hope-Summit Group...
Deerhorn Mines Limited.
L. B. Gatenby.
December 13, 1956.
Independence Group..
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
October 17, 1951.
Nor A, B, C Groups-
Fidelity Uranium Mines Ltd.
E. J. Wendeborne.
March 18, 1958.
USS 1-7 - -
James A. Noble.
John C. Ruckmick.
September 17, 1956.
M2, M3, M4, M5, and M2-4 Fractions..
Giant Mines and Metals Limited.
A. R. Allen.
July 31, 1947.
Clark Claim Groups —	
George S. Clark.
D. F. Coolbaugh.
May 31, 1956.
Lyons, B.R., and L and M Claims	
Bernard McElroy.
Duncan A. McNaughton.
March 20, 1947.
Mocena Mines Group — —
Mocena Mines Limited.
W. I. Nelson.
April 1, 1955.
Fording River Project  _	
Utah Co. of the Americas.
L. C. Clark.
April 17, 1958.
Alpine and O.K. Groups-
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
October 7, 1948.
Art, Ken, and Don Groups	
Gibson Girl Mines Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
September 27, 1951.
Blue Bell and Silver Bell Groups-
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
October 23, 1948. 66
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1 ° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 117°
50° 118°
50° 118°
50° 119°
50° 120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
N.E.
N.E.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
N.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.E.
N.E.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
Erin Group — - -   -	
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
June 11, 1948.
Europa, Venus, Mars, etc.  —  	
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
June 2, 1947.
Rosco Group       	
The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited.
W. I. Nelson and L. Adie.
January 26, 1953.
Warren Creek Mineral Claims _	
Roger Le Beuf.
Harvey H. Cohen.
July 3, 1957.
Snowball Groups       	
New Jersey Zinc Explorations Limited.
W. H. Mathews.
October 19, 1953.
Big Ledge Group  - - -	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
R. G. McEachcrn.
September 25, 1947.
Big Ledge Group         -	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
D. C. Malcolm and L. Telfer.
December 10, 1951.
Bird and Brett Mineral Claims - _„   	
William E. Forbes and Associates.
A. R. Allen.
August 18, 1950.
Afton Group _ _       ._ _	
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
H. V. Warren.
October 1, 1951.
Ajax, Neptune, Monte Carlo, Jacko 4 and 9, and Jacko Fractions 6 and 10_	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
J. Richardson and R. G. McEachern.
January 21, 1955.
Al 1-12, GM 1-8, and GM9-16 Mineral Claims -	
B.C. Base Metal Developments Ltd.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 22, 1957.
Alpha North and Northeast Groups  - - _ 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Alpha North and Northeast Groups.— - _	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Alpha-Scotty Group - -   — 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 30, 1956.
Alpha-Scotty Group  - — - 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 30, 1956.
Bethlehem Copper Property- -   -
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd.
W. H. White, R. M. Thompson, and K. C. McTaggart.
October 25, 1955.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims — _ 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
67
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
S.W.
S.W.
N.E.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.E.
S.W.
N.E.
N.W.
S.W.
S.E.
N.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
B. M. Middleton.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Borup Group       -  	
Meta Uranium Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
September 18, 1956.
Buck Group    — 	
Craigmont Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
April 24, 1958.
BX Claims      	
Argyle Securities Limited.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
April 17, 1957.
C.J.S. Group  	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
November 12, 1958.
Continental M.B. Groups _ — -	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
November 16, 1956.
Copperado Group       - 	
Western Copperada Mining Corporation.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 5, 1957.
DM Group    	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
January 10, 1957.
DM and Afton Groups - — - — -	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited and Axel Berglund.
H. W. Darling.
December 13, 1957.
Domino No. 1 Group         	
Centennial Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
December 17, 1958.
Don and Jean Groups -	
Mutual Mines and Metals Ltd.
G. E. Midgley.
February 27, 1958.
D.W., Krain, and R.K. Groups     	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
D. A. Barr.
August 1, 1958.
D.W. and Krain Groups  	
Krain Copper Limited, Farwest Tungsten Mines Limited, Beaver Lodge
Uranium Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 25, 1957.
Farr Lake Property. — „ — „
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
October 31, 1958.
FB and Fiddler Claims   — —	
Anuwon Uranium Mines Limited.
J. A. Soles.
January 9, 1957.
Fiddler Group  _ _  	
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 5, 1957. 68
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50°  120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
N.E.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Fran, Heather, and Giselle Groups..
Deerhorn Mines Limited.
L. B. Gatenby.
December 13, 1956.
FRM 1-8 Group 	
A. D. Wilmot.
November 20, 1957.
Hat and Outrider Groups..
Farwest  Tungsten  Copper  Mines  Limited and  Beaver  Lodge  Uranium
Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 25, 1957.
Hat and Outrider Groups  _	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
D. A. Barr.
December 30, 1958.
Hec North Group-   _ _	
Craigmont Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
June 17,1958.
Hec South Group.-     	
Craigmont Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
June 17, 1958.
Highland Valley Property..
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 10, 1958.
Highland Valley Property..
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 10, 1958.
Hill Top Group —   	
W. C. Ditmars.
V-ctor Dolmage.
March 28, 1947.
Jan and E.D. Mineral Claims	
Tri-Side Mining Corporation Limited.
C. Riley and A. C. Ogilvy.
November 23, 1956.
KL 1-6 Groups  	
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
October 2, 1958.
KL 7 and 8 Groups
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
October 2, 1958.
Loe Group   	
Craigmont Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
February 10, 1958.
Lodge Claims .
Northlodge Copper Mines Limited.
McPhar Geophysics.
June 22, 1956.
Lodge Group-
Northlodge Copper Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 4, 1957.
Lucky Jim Group—	
Vanex Minerals Ltd.
H. L. Hill.
October 29,1958.
Lynn, J, and CS Claims..
Sheba Copper Mines Limited.
C. S. Ney.
November 10, 1958.
Kind of Work LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
69
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
Mac Group-   —	
Jackson Mines Limited.
D. R. Morgan and J. A. Soles.
October 25, 1956.
Mer-Pay Group    - -	
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
August 12, 1958.
Merritt Group  _   -	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
November 14, 1958.
Merritt Group    ._ 	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
September 18, 1958.
Nicki, Mel, and O'Leary Groups 	
New Delhi Mines Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 18, 1958.
Ole, Pat, and Rudy Mineral Claims 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
W. O. J. G. Meijer.
January 22, 1957.
Patrick Group — _   	
Green Bay Mining and Exploration Company Limited.
V. B. Meen.
March 27, 1957.
P.C.M. and Cap Groups - _	
Centennial Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
December 8, 1958.
PEC Group-   — 	
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
September 29, 1958.
PL 1-48 Claims _ - 	
Georgia Leaseholds Limited.
A. R. Allen.
July 16, 1958.
Quartzite Group    _
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
August 1, 1958.
Raha Mineral Claims   	
I. Shulman.
A. E. Aho.
December 23, 1958.
Road and Brown Groups—   -	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
Rod Group - _ —	
Deerhorn Mines Limited.
L. B. Gatenby.
August 10, 1956.
Roscoe Lake Property.	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 6, 1957.
Salmo Prince Groups _	
Salmo Prince Mines Limited.
B. I. Nesbitt.
May 3, 1957.
Stump Lake Group      _ 	
Amaco Development Corporation Limited.
W. J. Elliott and J. A. Soles.
September 12,1956.
I        I
I  X
X  I X 70
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50°  121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
S.W.
N.W.
S.W.
S.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
I
50° 121°    |     S.E.
S.E.
i
50° 121°    |    N.E.
N.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.E.
Sunshine Nos. 10, 11, 15, and 16-
Vanex Minerals Ltd.
H. L. Hill.
November 25, 1958.
Trojan Group..
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 6, 1958.
Witches Brook  _.
Phelps Dodge Corporation of Canada, Limited.
Franc R. Joubin.
February 6, 1957.
B.J. Claims   	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
^    C. S. Ney.
November 26,1958.
Baby's Own Group	
Ainsworth Base Metals, Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
March 28, 1957.
Beaver Group..
Farwest Tungsten Copper Mines Limited
and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
June 24, 1957.
Bethsaida Copper   	
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 4, 1957.
Bethsaida Copper 	
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 4, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims „
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
B. M. Middleton.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims. 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Divide Group.
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
H. W. Darling.
February 1, 1957.
Divide Group .
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
February 1, 1957.
Dominion Chromium Property —	
J. W. Oakes.
H. L. Banting.
July 24, 1948.
E.D. and Jan Groups..
Tri-Side Mining Corporation Limited.
C. Riley and A. C. Ogilvy.
November 23, 1956.
Eye Group-
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
November 26, 1958. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
71
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 122°
N.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.E.
N.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
N.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
N.E.
Fairview Group (no map)..
May Barnes.
J. C. Rogers.
May 5, 1947.
Faith and H. S. Groups-
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Faith and H.S. Groups	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Laco Group  _	
Laco Mines Limited.
C. F. Wegener and F. J. Garbutt.
April 8, 1957.
Louise Group..
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
January 4, 1957.
Ole, Pat, and Rudy Mineral Claims  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
W. O. J. G. Meijer.
January 22, 1957.
Pimainus Lake-
Phelps Dodge Corporation of Canada, Limited.
Franc R. Joubin.
February 6, 1957.
Pimainus Lake  —  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 6, 1957.
R.K. 7-30 Mineral Claims     	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
D. A. Barr.
July 30, 1958.
Skeena Silver Group 	
Skeena Silver Mines Ltd.
C. Rutherford.
August 22, 1957.
Tofin Property-
New Hamil Silver-Lead Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
December 3, 1958.
Toketic GrouP-
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
R. C. Macdonald.
February 15, 1957.
W.P. Group      	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
W.P. Group..
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
W.P. Group
Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
October 30, 1957.
W.P. Group-
Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
December 13,1957.
Chalco   	
Mrs. D. C. Noel.
W. H. Patmore.
January 4, 1955. 72
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 126°
50° 126°
50° 127°
50° 127°
51° 116°
51° 119°
51° 119°
51°  119°
51° 119°
51° 119°
51° n9°
51° 119°
51° 121°
52° 122°
52° 131°
52° 131°
52° 131°
S.W.
S.E.
N.W.
S.E.
N.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
S.E.
S.E.
Mac Group     _.  	
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
R. C. Macdonald.
December 30, 1958.
Magnet Groups No. 2 and No. 1..    ...
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies and B. O. Brynelsen.
February 16, 1954.
H.P.H. and Larch Groups-
Western Mining and Development Syndicate.
Hans Lundberg.
April 2, 1948.
Quatsino Copper-Gold  	
Quatsino Copper-Gold Mines Limited.
D. A. Bourne and S. M. Manning.
January 15, 1953.
King David Group _   	
International Germanites Ltd.
H. H. Cohen.
August 20, 1957.
Bel, Pip, and Bet Groups   	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C. Limited.
F. H. Mylrea.
October 14, 1949.
Dip, R.D., and Elk Groups  _	
Westville Mining Company.
D. H. James.
October 21, 1949.
Johnson Property..
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
S. H. Ward.
April 10, 1952.
Johnson Property..
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
D. A. Barr and J. S. Scott.
April 10, 1952.
Trophy Mountain Property 	
New Athona Mines Limited.
A. G. Hodgson.
October 12, 1956.
Westville Property 	
Plateau Metals Limited.
S. J. Pedley and C. Riley.
December 28, 1951.
Westville Property -	
Plateau Metals Limited.
S. J. Pedley and C. Riley.
December 28, 1951.
Venus Group ..
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
E. Livingston and R. C. Macdonald.
March 12, 1958.
Jig Mineral Claims. - 	
Ian Bain.
Ian Bain.
July 25, 1958.
Elva No. 4 Mineral Claim—   	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
C. M. Campbell Jr.
November 8, 1957.
Ikeda No. 7 Mineral Claim  —
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
C. M. Campbell Jr.
November 8, 1957.
Magnetite Group..
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
C. M. Campbell Jr.
November 8, 1957. 1
LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
73
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
53° 121°
53° 121°
53° 121°
53° 121°
53° 127°
53° 129°
53° 129°
54° 126°
54° 128°
55° 125°
55° 127°
55° 127°
55° 127°
55° 129°
55° 129°
55° 129°
S.E.
N.W.
S.W.
S.E.
S.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
N.E.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
S.W.
N.W.
S.W.
Antler Creek Placer Leases..
Horace Fraser.
Victor Dolmage.
September 7, 1949.
Fraser River Copper.. _.
Mrs. M. Simon.
A. C. Skerl.
January 7, 1952.
Lightning Creek Leases..
Lightning Creek Gold Alluvials Ltd.
P. D. Brown and J. Robertshaw.
November 12, 1947.
Lower Antler Creek Gold Placers 	
Horace Fraser.
Victor Dolmage.
September 7, 1949.
Harrison Group..
C. V. and B. R. Harrison and W. Harrison, Jr.
Franc R. Joubin.
August 21, 1950.
Gunnysack Group..
Ecstall Mining Company Ltd.
W. R. Bacon and McPhar Geophysics Limited.
September 12, 1958.
Packsack Group..
Ecstall Mining Company Ltd.
W. R. Bacon and McPhar Geophysics Limited.
September 12,1958.
Copper Island Group  _   -	
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
H. V. Warren.
December 18,1951.
Wedeene     	
Quebec Metallurgical Industries Ltd.
Alexander Smith.
November 25, 1958.
Dorothy and Elizabeth Groups 	
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
D. A. Barr and H. V. Warren.
June 26, 1952.
Pole Group  _  	
Totem Minerals Limited.
Hans Lundberg.
September 3, 1958.
Ace, Hazelton, Jack, Joe, John, Rib, Star, Sun Groups-
National Explorations Limited.
J. T. Mandy and G. L. Oates.
May 31, 1951.
Peg Group-
Silver Standard Mines Limited.
W. St. C. Dunn.
February 9, 1955.
Sultana Group.   _ 	
G. Parent and Associates.
C. H. Macdonald.
September 5, 1953.
Barite Group, Hematite Group, James Varden Mineral Claims-
Torbrit Silver Mines Limited.
J. Botelho.
July 22, 1947.
Gold Drop Group   	
Gold Drop Mines Limited.
E. G. Langille.
November 4, 1947.
L.B. Claims  	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
G. Neely Moore.
March 18, 1955. 74
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
55° 129°
55° 129°
55° 129°
55° 129°
56° 124°
56° 125°
56°  125°
56° 125°
56° 130°
56° 130°
56° 130°
56° 130°
56° 130°
57° 125°
57° 130°
57° 131°
S.W.
S.W.
N.E.
N.W.
S.E.
N.E.
N.E.
N.E.
S.W.
N.W.
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
S.E.
S.W.
N.W.
S.E.
N.H. Claims    —    	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
G. Neely Moore.
March 18, 1955.
Sax Claims          	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
G. Neely Moore.
October 7, 1954.
Seabee Claims.    _   	
Spes Explorations Limited.
R. B. Elver and J. A. Soles.
September 24, 1956.
Woodland Mineral Claim     _
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
June 15, 1956.
Davies and Gordon Groups..
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
D. A. Barr and H. V. Warren.
June 26, 1952.
Dell Group.-
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
R. G. McEachern.
February 1, 1957.
Gen (1-2) Mineral Claims..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
R. G. McEachern.
February 1, 1957.
Gen (6-11) Mineral Claims 	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
L. Telfer.
February 1, 1957.
Totem Group  _     	
Totem Minerals Limited.
Hans Lundberg.
July 23, 1958.
Blue-Belle Group _ 	
Granduc Mines, Limited.
J. J. Crowhurst.
January 6, 1954.
Lehto Group-
Newmont Exploration Limited.
A. H. Lange and P. M. Cannon.
December 28, 1956.
Marg Group..
Granduc Mines Limited.
J. J. Crowhurst.
January 6, 1954.
McK Group..
Granduc Mines Limited.
J. J. Crowhurst.
February 13, 1954.
Vaughn K Group..
The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited.
J. J. Crowhurst.
March 23, 1953.
Tor Group..
Totem Minerals Limited.
Hans Lundberg.
September 3, 1958.
Kakiddi, Klastine, Skyline Groups...
Torbrit Silver Mines Limited.
G. R. Kent and R. W. Burton.
February 27, 1958.
Buy and Hab Mineral Claims-
Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co., Limited.
J. A. Haskin.
June 12, 1957. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
75
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Quarter
Property
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
57° 131°
58° 131°
58° 131°
58° 133°
58° 135°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 130°
59° 133°
59° 133°
59° 136°
S.W.
N.W.
N.W.
N.E.
N.W.
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
S.W.
S.E.
N.E.
N.W.
N.E.
N.W.
Pan 1-32 Mineral Claims	
Triana Exploration Limited.
L. J. D Aigle and L. G. White.
March 18, 1957.
Ace Group-
Consolidated Northland Mines Limited.
A. G. Hodgson.
September 25, 1957.
N.W. Group.....   -	
Consolidated Northland Mines Limited.
A. G. Hodgson.
September 25, 1957.
Erickson-Ashby Claims..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
November 12,1952.
Spec Claims..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
October 15, 1952.
Liard Fluorite, Gem..
Conwest Exploration Company Ltd.
J. R. Woodcock and W. V. Smitheringale.
December 6, 1954.
Blue River, White, and Serpentine..
Cassiar Yukon Gold Mines Limited.
J. S. Koski.
October 2, 1953.
Dorreen and Par Groups.	
Dorreen Gold Mines Limited.
W. N. Plumb and H. L. Hill.
August 12, 1953.
Low Grade 	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
James J. McDougall and A. Smith.
May 30, 1955.
Zinc Groups-
Yukon Ranges Exploration Limited.
D. R. Derry.
September 1, 1949.
Gem 1-38  	
Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co., Limited.
J. A. Haskin.
September 15, 1949.
Heli and Copter Mineral Claims — —
Helicopter Exploration Co. Ltd.
D. M. Cannon.
May 23, 1951.
Trailer Special Placer-mining Lease.  —
Northern Resources Ltd.
Clyde H. Wilson.
June 5, 1946.
Maid of Erin Property..
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
April 8, 1949.  Placer
CONTENTS
Atlin— page
Spruce Creek  78
McKee Creek  78
Boulder Creek  78
Pine Creek  78
Omineca—
Lome Creek  78
Cariboo—
Hixon Creek  78
Willow River  78
Lightning Creek  79
Peters Creek  79
Keithley Creek  79
Quesnel River  80
Quesnel Lake  80
Fraser River—
Lillooet Area  8 0
McGillivray Creek  80
Kanaka Bar  80
North Bend  80
Bridge River  80
Similkameen—
Tulameen River  80
Similkameen River  80
Vernon—
Mission Creek  81
Harris Creek    81
Monashee Creek, South Fork  81
Mclntyre Creek  81
Salmo—
Erie Creek  81
Columbia River—
Kirbyville Creek  81
Old Camp Creek  81
Lardeau—
Lardeau Creek  81
Fort Steele  82
Cranbrook  82
77 78 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
ATLIN*
Spruce Creek (59° 133° N.W.)
Noland Mines Limited.—This underground placer mine is at the confluence of
Dominion Creek with Spruce Creek and is 12 miles by road from Atlin. During 1958
A. Mattson, of Atlin, reworked old tailings.   The property is being kept in good standing.
D. K. Falconer worked alone on a drift on his lease.
Enterprise Placers employed nine men for a short period of operation.
McKee Creek (59° 133° S.W.)
Three placer-mining leases on McKee Creek, about 10 miles south of Atlin, are
owned by loe and Louis Piccolo and George Watt. A shortage of water restricted
operations at this hydraulic.
Boulder Creek (59° 133° S.W.)
Seven placer leases owned by N. Fisher and Ole Olson are under option to W. S.
Weber.   A crew of five started work in May and finished in October.
Pine Creek (59° 133° N.W.)
Fred Giesen and Karl Sieger worked three placer leases near Discovery. Fred Giesen
was killed in an unfortunate accident when a run of sand and gravel broke into the drift
in which he was working alone.
OMINECA*
Lorne Creek (54° 128° N.E.)
An attempt was made to clean up the creek bed in the gap 1 mile above the junction
with the Skeena River. A late flash flood destroyed the work of several months in a
matter of hours.
CARIBOOf
Hixon Creek (53° 122° S.W.)
Company office, 2032 Third Avenue, Seattle, Wash.; mine office,
Hixon Placers Inc. Hixon.   H. W. Hargood, president; C. I. Norris, superintendent.
This property, consisting of twenty-one placer leases, is 3 miles
up Hixon Creek from Hixon P.O.    Some hydraulicking was completed in the fall after
sufficient rainfall had filled the supply reservoir.
Government Creek.—Harry Schmalz had a diesel-operated shovel digging pits on
his lease. The gravel was washed through sluice boxes and gold and black sand recovered.
Willow River (53° 121° S.W.)
Lowhee Creek.—R. E. MacDougall continued to hydraulic in the Lowhee pit.
Four men were employed.
Downie Creek.—Nick Bird sank six shafts, each about 20 feet deep on his lease.
Red Gulch.—Jack Gunn completed a ditch and sluice box on his lease.
Rizona Mining Corporation Limited.—This company, under the supervision of
W. M. Hong, hydraulicked some gravel on W. E. North's lease on Kwong Foo Creek
and on Hickman's lease on Beaverpass Creek. Water for hydraulicking was pumped to
the pits by large diesel-driven pumps. The gravel was washed through sluice boxes and
the tailings were stacked by crawler tractor.   Four men were employed.
* By D. Smith.
t By R. B. King. PLACER
79
Kumhila Exploration Co. Ltd.—Dudley Davis, engineer in charge; Ray Wallace,
dredge master. In 1958 this company operated a dredge and washing plant on its lease
on Williams Creek. A 4Vi -cubic-yard dragline, two crawler tractors, and three carry-alls
were used to dig a drainage ditch and remove about 40 feet of overburden. After the
area was cleared of overburden, a 3 Vi-cubic-yard dragline was used to dig an additional
40-foot depth of gravel to bedrock. This gravel was washed in a floating steel-pontoon
washing plant.   Production:   185,000 yards of gravel, 2,343 ounces of gold.
Jack of Clubs Lake.—R. E. MacDougall drove a short tunnel on his lease on the
north shore of this lake.
Lightning Creek (53° 122° S.E.)
Lightning Creek.—W. R. Woodman did some work on his lease just below the first
bridge on Swift River Forest road project.
Mostique Creek.—Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Macdonald hydraulicked gravel from a bank
about 75 feet high.
Gagen Creek.—N. Klapatiuk ground-sluiced some gravel from his lease near the
mouth of Gagen Creek.
Snoqboo Exploration, a partnership of H. B. Wallace, J. Clarke, W. J. McAuley,
et ah, tested some ground on a lease originally staked by G. S. Gagen.
Urquhart Gulch.—D. H. Wells drove some tunnel through unconsolidated material.
Grub Gulch.—Frank Freeman and John Hind sluiced about 2,000 cubic yards of
gravel on their lease.
Oregon Gulch.—James Williams sank a shaft 10 feet deep and did some drifting
on his lease.
Peters Creek (53° 121° S.W.)
Bassford Creek.—Thomas Crawford ground-sluiced a small amount of gravel on
his lease.
Campbell Creek. — Ed Johnston erected 1,000 feet of pipe-line and did some
ground-sluicing on his lease.
Keithley Creek (52° 121° N.E.)
Keithley Creek.—Lee Fournier ground-sluiced on his lease in the Placer Engineers
Pit at Four Mile Creek.
Thomas Payne ground-sluiced for a short period on his lease north of Four Mile
Creek.
G. A. Goldsmith drove some tunnel through rock to explore remnants of gravel.
This lease is about a mile below the junction of Keithley and Little Snowshoe Creeks.
E. Lang, working just below the junction of the Keithley and Little Snowshoe Creeks,
drove a tunnel about 75 feet through glacial till to explore some gravel found by churn
drilling.
Nigger Creek.—Jack Monet did some trail work and assessment work on his lease.
Rollie Creek.—Roy MacDonald and partners advanced a rock tunnel about 75 feet
to explore a gravel zone located by drilling. This work was started by A. E. Sandberg
in 1957. 80 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Quesnel River (52° 121° N.W.)
Spanish Creek.—Mrs. R. A. Dunsire and partners operated a placer lease near the
mouth of Spanish Creek. Gravel was mined by a 1 Vi -cubic-yard diesel shovel, loaded,
and trucked to sluice boxes at Spanish Creek. About 26,000 cubic yards of gravel were
sluiced.
Lawless Creek.—Steven Wlad completed some hydraulicking on his lease near
Quesnel Forks.
Quesnel Lake (52° 121° N.W.)
Cedar Creek.—Peter Ogden continued hydraulicking on his lease near Cedar Creek.
FRASER RIVER*
Lillooet Area (50° 121° N.W.)
The lease is on the Fraser River opposite the Pacific Great Eastern
Fountain view      Railway station at Fountain.    The property is 13 miles by road
from the Lillooet—Bridge River road. The lease was assigned to
J. H. McKee. A bulldozer was used to push gravel into a hopper at the top of a washing
plant. The gravel then is passed through a trommel which discards all material over
three-eighths inch. The gravel then passes to a bank of four Yuba jigs for concentration.
Concentrates from these are reconcentrated in smaller jigs and a final black sand and gold
concentrate is stored in boxes to be shipped to a recovery plant in Burnaby. Operations
ceased at the end of the year.
McGillivray Creek (50° 121° N.W.)
Robert Black and T. C. McAlpine did some work on leases on Foster Bar. A shaft
was sunk 16 feet on the bar and several small pits were excavated.
Kanaka Bar (50° 121° S.W.)
G. Carlson worked during the winter on his leases at Kanaka Bar. Gravel was
scraped from the bar by a hoist-scraper arrangement.
NorthBend (49° 121° N.E.)
The Yukon Consolidated Gold Corporation Limited.—Company office, 1919
Marine Building, Vancouver. W. A. Arbuckle, president; C. E. McLeod, managing
director. This company explored placer leases on the bank of the Fraser about 2 miles
south of North Bend. Seven shafts were sunk to test the area for gold. Work ceased
in May.   Six men were employed.
BRIDGE RIVER*
Hurley River.—(50° 122° N.W.) W. Haylmore and one man did some work on
his lease on Hurley River near Gold Bridge.
SIMILKAMEENf
TulameenRiver (49° 120° N.W.)
M. O. Heap moved 2,500 cubic yards of gravel in the course of exploration on his
placer lease No. 1317, 4 miles upstream from Princeton.
Similkameen River (49° 120° S.W.)
The Burr interests of Princeton removed from 4,000 to 5,000 cubic yards of gravel
in exploration work on their placer leases on the Similkameen River near the mouth of
Whipsaw Creek.
* By R. B. King.
t By A. R. C. James. PLACER 81
VERNON*
Mission Creek (49° 119° N.E.)
Michael Martin hydraulicked a small amount of gravel on his placer claim.
Ervin, Ella, and Robert Wiedemeyer sluiced a total of 1,080 cubic yards of gravel
on their three separate claims.
Rex Bruch sluiced 100 cubic yards of gravel on his claim.
Harris Creek (50° 118° S.W.)
The Schultz brothers, of Lavington, bulldozed 10,000 cubic yards of gravel to
uncover the bedrock on P. H. V. Fosbery's placer leases.
Monashee Creek, South Fork (50° 118° S.E.)
L. R. Callahan hydraulicked 400 cubic yards of gravel on his lease.
McIntyre Creek (50° 118° S.W.)
F. W. Walter sluiced 150 cubic yards of gravel on his placer lease at the fork of
McIntyre Creek and Kettle River.
SALMOf
Erie Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
J. P. O'Donnell and J. Stenwall, of Salmo, did a small amount of
Erie Creek sluicing on a hitherto unworked point of ground on the east bank
of Erie Creek, immediately below its junction with Hooch Creek.
Many large boulders and an adverse bedrock grade hampered progress.
COLUMBIA RIVERf
Kirbyville Creek (51° 118° N.W.)
West Columbia Gold Placers Ltd.—Company office, 2360 Abbott Street, Kelowna.
J. H. Buckland, president. This company owns Special Placer Mining Lease No. 462,
an area of 3.9 square miles on the west side of the Columbia River at the confluence of
Kirbyville Creek and opposite the mouth of Goldstream River. The property is reached
by boat from Mile 56 on the Big Bend Highway, north of Revelstoke. Further exploratory test drilling was done in 1958.
Old Camp Creek (51 ° 118 ° N.W.)
J. B. Grieve, of Armstrong, holds four placer leases on Old Camp
Old Camp Placers  Creek, the first south-flowing tributary of Goldstream River, east
of its confluence with the Columbia River. The recent workings
are approximately three-quarters of a mile above the Goldstream River. A small dam
and 100 feet of sluice boxes were installed. Some bulldozing and a small amount of
sluicing was done in a gravel bank on the east bank of the creek.
LARDEAUf
Lardeau Creek (50° 117° N.E.)
W. Hladinec and A. Bobicki, of Beaton, own Placer Mining Lease No. 465 at the
main falls on Lardeau Creek, 5 miles by road from Ferguson.   A short access road leads
* By A. R. C. James.
t By J. E. Merrett. 82
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
from the main road to living quarters erected near the falls. A small tunnel 40 feet long
was driven to divert the creek around the falls. A well-constructed log dam was erected
immediately above the falls and directs the water through the diversion tunnel. A rammed-
mud sealing dam was being erected across the creek above the tunnel discharge in order
to prevent back seepage.   When completed the falls pothole will be pumped out.
FORT STEELE*
(49° 115° N.W.)    Company office, 525 Seventh Avenue West,
Boreas Mines      Calgary, Alta.;  J. E. Treacy, president.    This company acquired
Limited the property of the Fort Steele Gold and Silver Mines Limited on
Wild Horse River in October, 1958. The property is near the mouth
of Fisher Creek, a tributary of the river, 5 miles northeast of Fort Steele.   Activities since
the transfer were confined to exploratory drilling.
CRANBROOK*
(49° 116° S.W.)   The Nero claim is owned by D. J. Oscarson, of
Nero Kimberley, and is located at the falls on Moyie River, 17 miles
southwest of Cranbrook.   The claim was sub-leased to two parties
of men during 1958.   T. O. Bloomer and partner drove a tunnel (Nero No. 1) 135 feet
toward the bed of an old course of the river.   They also drove a 35-foot tunnel and 20-foot
raise to divert the river and lower the height of water in a pool above the falls.
P. R. Kotush and two partners drove a tunnel (Nero No. 2) for a distance of 165
feet toward the old bed of the river.
* By D. R. Morgan. Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals
CONTENTS
Asbestos	
Page
     83
Barite	
     84
Building-stone	
     86
Clay and Shale	
     88
Gypsum	
     89
Limestone	
     90
Magnesite	
     98
Marl      .
     98
Sand and Gravel	
     98
Silica    	
  104
ASBESTOS
Cassiar Asbestos
Corporation
Limited*
Mount McDame (59° 129° S.W.).   Head office, 1001, 85 Richmond Street West, Toronto; mine office, Cassiar.   F. M. Connell,
president; J. D. Christian, general manager; N. F. Murray, general
superintendent.   This property is 86 miles by road southwesterly
from Mile 648.8 on the Alaska Highway.   It consists of forty-two
claims, of which thirty-nine are Crown-granted.   The mine is on Mount McDame at an
elevation of 6,300 feet.   The modern company town of Cassiar and the mill are in the
valley of Troutline Creek at an elevation of 3,540 feet.
Ore was mined from the 6170, 6140, and 6110 levels during 1958. The ore, high-
grade chrysotile asbestos, occurs in fractures in a serpentine dyke which strikes north
15 degrees west and dips 45 degrees east.
In 1958 mining was carried on from March 12th to October 12th. During that time
361,154 tons of ore and 1,222,134 tons of waste were broken. The aerial tram-line
operated from March 24th to September 28th and carried 311,701 tons of ore; a further
40,401 tons of ore was carried by trucks. Underground exploration was carried out on
two levels. On the 6000 level a further 980 feet of drifting and some cross-cutting was
done. On the 5700 level in the cirque basin an adit 1,417 feet in length was driven.
At an average daily rate of 1,072 tons, the mill processed 359,921 tons of ore to
produce the following fibre:—
Tons
Spinning grades      5,824
Cement grades   25,605
Total  31,429
The mill operated for 335 days.
Plant expansion in 1958 included completion of a heavy-duty garage, construction
of a 20- by 65-foot addition to the power-house, and completion of a 72- by 120-foot
fibre storage shed. Ten privately owned frame dwellings were erected on the townsite.
The company assisted in this project by advancing loans to the total cost of the building
materials. A trailer park was cleared, and water, electrical, and sewage service were
provided for eight trailers.
* By D. Smith.
83 84 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
BARITE
Company office, Meech Building, P.O. Box 273, Lethbridge, Alta.;
Mountain Minerals quarry office, Brisco.   R. A. Thrall, managing director;  William
Limited* MacPherson, superintendent.   This company operates quarries on
barite deposits at Parson and Brisco and a processing plant at
Lethbridge.   The Parson deposit (51° 116° S.W.) is 5 miles from Parson siding and is
reached by means of the Cranbrook Sawmills logging-road.   The deposit consists of barite
in two parallel, north trending, irregular fissure veins about 300 feet apart.    The west
vein is exposed for 200 feet and has a maximum width of 30 feet.   It was worked by a
single quarry.   The east vein is exposed for 450 feet and has a maximum width of 35 feet.
It was worked by two quarries, the southern one being 75 feet higher than the other.
Recent work at the deposit has consisted chiefly of driving an adit drift south along
the east vein from a portal in the upper part of the face of the north quarry. The drift
followed the vein for more than 250 feet under the south quarry. A 50-foot raise from
the drift reached surface.
During 1958 the company shipped 730 tons of barite from the deposit. The ore was
obtained from the excavation of the drift.
The Brisco deposit (50° 116° N.E.) is on ground covered by five Crown-granted
mineral claims—the Wamineca, Canyon, Salmon, Carmine, and Northisle—located in
a north to south line in the order named. The claims are between Temple ton River and
Dunbar Creek 2Vi miles due west of Brisco. Access is by 4.3 miles of good gravel road
from Brisco.
On the property barite is found in a breccia zone in dolomite associated with limestone and quartzite. Outcrops of bedrock are relatively scarce and to date barite has
been uncovered in only four scattered locations—one near the north end of the Wamineca
mineral claim, one adjoining the Templeton River near the south end of the Canyon
mineral claim, one in the north half of the Salmon mineral claim, and the fourth near the
centre of the Carmine mineral claim. Overburden in the intervening areas is deep. The
rocks appear to be in the steeply dipping east limb of a major syncline and are cut by
numerous faults of varying magnitudes.
The main showings and the working quarry are on the Salmon claim. Barite has
been exposed across an average width of 25 feet for 780 feet along a northerly striking
breccia zone. The west wallrock is highly fractured dark grey to black dolomite with a
few scattered lenses or horses of brown quartzite. Mountain leather is abundant as films
on fracture surfaces and a few small barite veins are present. The east wallrock is light
grey weathering buff to flesh-coloured dolomite. It is brecciated, and near the main
barite body contains barite in the matrix. The orebody is brecciated. Much of the
barite is white, but the white sections are irregularly shaped and are usually edged or
cut by zones of variable width that consist of a fine-grained black matrix enclosing angular
fragments of white barite a fraction of an inch to several inches in diameter. The black
coloration is due to carbon. Some pyrite is present, and it results in yellow to brown
iron staining in parts of the quarry. A 4-foot-diameter mass of thin-bedded black shale
unlike any rock seen elsewhere in the claim area was noted in a face near the north end
of the quarry.
The barite is mined by what is essentially a single quarry with five benches having
a 130-foot vertical range between the floor of the lowest bench, at the north end of the
exposure, and the top of the face of the highest bench, at the south end. The barite body
pinches and swells erratically both horizontally and vertically. The walls are normally
undulating fault surfaces but not of the same fault through the length of the exposure.
The barite is apparently cut off by a right-hand fault at the north end of the quarry, and
it pinches out to the south.
* By J. W. McCammon and D. R. Morgan. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
85
To explore the deposit at depth an adit was started from the edge of Templeton
River 60 feet below and 300 feet north of the north end of the quarry. At the end of
August, 1958, the adit was 420 feet long. For the first 70 feet from the portal the adit
passes through glacial drift. The rest of the workings are in closely fractured dark dolomite with mountain leather on the fracture surfaces. Except for small amounts in one
or two thin shears, no barite was encountered until the last 90 feet of the adit was driven.
This section of the adit is roughly parallel to the north end of the quarry and 40 to 60
feet east of it. In the adit a shear striking slightly east of north and containing black
barite breccia was met and followed. Two raises—one at the adit face and the other
90 feet back from the face—were driven to the surface following the barite. One raise
broke through into the most northerly bench of the quarry and the other broke through
into the next bench to the south.
A second adit, 40 feet long, was driven into the south bank of the Templeton River
below a small barite showing 600 feet downstream from the main adit. A few feet above
the portal of the adit 4 feet of white barite is exposed. Within the adit, however, only
a small amount of black barite breccia was found in shears. The rock exposed in the
adit is highly fractured dark dolomite with mountain leather. Many shears are visible.
Barite is exposed discontinuously on the surface for 140 feet south from this adit. A lens
of white barite 70 feet long and 15 feet wide is exposed at water level on the opposite side
of the river 100 feet north of the adit portal. This lens is apparently terminated at the
north end by a shear. Geological relations indicate this zone of barite is part of the
main zone offset by faulting.
About 2,500 feet north of the main quarry, barite has been exposed near the centre
of the Wamineca claim. An area 200 feet long and 60 feet wide has been stripped. The
barite, white in colour, occurs as irregular masses forming the matrix around brecciated
fragments of light-coloured dolomite. Scattered quartzite fragments are included in the
breccia.
Stripping near the centre of the Carmine claim 1,800 feet south of the main quarry
exposed a small amount of barite. The barite, mixed white with black breccia, forms
irregular discontinuous masses in a zone of shearing.
During 1958 the Brisco quarry was operated for nine months. A five-man crew
quarried and crushed 10,350 tons of barite and shipped it to Lethbridge. Most of the
ore came from the central part of the quarry.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1952, pp. 243-248.]
Spillimacheen  (50°   116°  N.E.).    Company office, 908 Royal
Silver Giant (Giant Bank Building, Vancouver;   mine office, Spillimacheen.    W. C.
Mascot Mines      Gibson, president.   A management contract is held by H. L. Hill
Limited)* and Associates, consulting mining engineers, Vancouver.   Clarence
Major, property superintendent. This operation is at the Silver
Giant property, which prior to its abandonment in June, 1957, was mined for silver, lead,
and zinc. Present operations are confined to the recovery of barite from the old tailings
dump. The barite is concentrated at the mill, and sold to McPhails Engineering Company, of Tacoma, Wash. This company has erected a drying and bagging plant at the
railway siding at Spillimacheen.
Production of barite commenced in August, 1958, but was discontinued in December following a fire which destroyed the drying plant at Spillimacheen. During this
period 4,325 tons of barite was produced from the mill by a crew of ten men. It is
reported that definite plans have been made to resume milling operations in the future
but the date of reopening has not been set.
' By D. R. Morgan.
5 86 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
Invermere (50° 116° S.E.).   Company office, 500 Petroleum Build-
Larrabee Mining   ing, Calgary, Alta.    L. R. Gardener, manager.    This Company
and Exploration     owns a group of four claims on the south side of Toby Creek
Ltd.* adjoining the Bunyan property, 8 miles west of Invermere.   Access
is by means of a dirt road leading from Invermere.   The company
engaged a firm of contractors from Calgary to work on the property in 1958.    Six men
were employed for three months.   They stripped approximately 200 feet of overburden
and exposed what appears to be a fairly large deposit of barite, ranging from 10 to
25 feet wide.   A small face was formed preparatory to quarrying, and a 50-ton-capacity
bin was built on the site to facilitate loading operations.    Other activities included
the construction of ~iVi miles of roadway to connect to the Sampson road for trucking
purposes, and the building of a loading-ramp at Goldie Creek railway siding, south of
Invermere.   Approximately 200 feet of diamond drilling was completed.   It is reported
the property has now been leased to the Barite Company of Canada, but the latter
company had not commenced work on the property at the end of 1958.
BUILDING-STONE
Sirdar (49° 116° S.W.). Company office, 1410 Fourth Street
Kootenay Granite S.W., Calgary, Alta.; quarry office, Sirdar. R. Staal, superin-
Products Limitedf tendent. This company operates a quarry and processing plant
on the Creston-Kootenay Bay Highway, 2 miles north of Sirdar.
With the exception of the storage building, the complete plant was revised and reconstructed. The underground quarry workings were filled and a new surface quarry
was started immediately north of the 66,000-volt transmission-line of the West Kootenay
Power and Light Company Limited. A wide bulldozer scraping channel 150 feet long
was excavated through a small granite knoll under the transmission-line to connect the
quarry floor with a grizzly and 60-ton storage bin.
Most of the equipment has been installed in the crushing, screening, and bagging
areas of the plant, and when completed the flow circuit will be as follows: A 15- by
24-inch Traylor jaw crusher followed by a 3- by 8-foot single-deck Allis-Chalmers
shaking screen. The oversized material is conveyed to a 2-foot Symons cone crusher.
The product from this crusher, united with the undersized material from the Allis-
Chalmers screen, is conveyed to a 3- by 8-foot Dillon double-decked screen placed in
closed circuit with the cone crusher. Some products may be removed at this point and
the undersized material is conveyed to a 3- by 8-foot Niagara screen employing four
screen decks. The sized products are discharged into seven steel storage bins having
attachments for a portable bagging and sewing machine at their discharge outlets.
Five sizes of grits will be produced. Their sizes and use are as follows: +10 mesh
to — Vs-inch chick, sander, and monumental grit; + Ms-inch to — %6-inch chicken grit;
+%6-inch to — ^-inch turkey grit; -\-Va -inch to — %6-inch roofing and stucco grit;
+%6-inch to —x/i-inch construction grit. Larger-sized material can be produced on
demand.
Compressed air was supplied by a Fuller rotary compressor. A large concrete-
based, steel-framed, and plyboard-covered building was constructed to house the milling
equipment. A crew of nine men was employed in addition to a small construction contracting crew. A trial shipment of four carloads of grit was sent to Calgary for distribution to various prairie points.
Cheam View (49° 121° S.W.). Company office, 410 Mayfair
Valley Granite Avenue, Chilliwack; plant, Bridal Falls. Kenneth Jessiman, gen-
Products Ltd.t      eral manager.    The quarry is on the Trans-Canada Highway
11 miles east of Rosedale.    Rock is mined by drilling vertical
* By D. R. Morgan.
t By J. E. Merrett.
t By R. B. King. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS 87
blast-holes with jackhammers. During the year the coarse jaw crusher was moved and
a rotary kiln for drying broken rock was installed. This eliminated piling the rock and
drying it with open-flame kerosene burners. The plant produces turkey, chicken, and
bird grits, stucco dash, sand-blasting materials, and filler for asphalt roofing. Fourteen
men were employed.
Little Mountain Quarry.*—Chilliwack (49° 121° S.W.). This pit is on the north
slope of Mount Shannon about 1 mile northeast of Chilliwack. It is operated intermittently by the Chilliwack Dyking District Board. Rock is blasted in the quarry by
municipal employees as required for dyke repairs. The broken rock is hauled under
contract to the river bank as needed.    In 1958 the quarry produced 7,750 tons of rubble.
Pitt River  (49°   122°  S.W.).    Company office, 902 Columbia
Gilley Bros.        Street, New Westminster.    J. H. Gilley, general manager;  James
Limitedt C. Gilley, production supervisor;  Francis J. MacDonald, superin
tendent. Quartz-diorite is quarried to obtain rock for jetties,
dykes, and concrete aggregate. The mining method has been changed from a coyote-
hole to a benching system.    Benches are at 40-foot intervals.
Vertical blast-holes, spaced 14 feet apart, are drilled about 4 feet below the grade-
line or berm. Broken rock is loaded by diesel-driven shovels into 12-cubic-yard trucks
and is transported to a crushing plant. The crushing plant consists of a 42- by 60-inch
jaw crusher which discharges crushed rock over an inclined 6-inch grizzly to a conveyor
belt for loading scows. Undersized material ( — 6-inch) is stockpiled. Hydro-electric
power to run the plant is produced on the property. Twenty-five men were employed.
Indian River Quarries Limited.f—Granite Falls (49° 122° S.W.). Company
office, 1255 West Pender Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Granite Falls. John M.
Carnsew, superintendent. During the year some rock which had been broken during
previous mining operations was removed from the quarry.    Operations were intermittent.
Nelson Island  (49°   124°  N.E.).    Company office,  744 West
Vancouver Granite Hastings Street, Vancouver;   quarry, Nelson Island.    W. C. Dit-
Co. Limitedt       mars, president.    Rock for building purposes, monuments, jetty
rock, and rubble are mined at this quarry.   The mining is done by
drilling the rock to size, following a mineral lineation pattern, and blasting and wedging
for removal.    Derricks are used to move the stone to scows, by which it is transported
to Vancouver for cutting and finishing.   Approximately 2,000 tons of stone was produced
during the operating year.    Six men were employed.
Slate|
Howe Sound  (49°   123°  N.E.).    Head office, Richmix Clays
McNab Creek      Limited, 2890 East Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver;  quarry, McNab
Slate Quarry       Creek.    G. W. Richmond, manager.    Slate is quarried for flagstones, roofing granules, and filler.    Rock is broken from a 30-foot
quarry face by drilling and blasting horizontal holes.    Broken slate is hand-loaded into
scows.    The product is shipped to Vancouver for grading and sizing.    The quarry is
operated intermittently.
Jervis Inlet (50° 123° S.W.).   Philip Graham, president; J. Ehlers,
British Columbia   quarry superintendent.   This property is on an Indian reservation
Slate Co. Ltd.      west of Deserted Bay on the south side of Princess Royal Reach in
Jervis Inlet.    Slate is mined by slashing it from the quarry face.
Broken slate is hand-sorted, and marketable sizes are split to V^-inch thickness.    Some
of the stone is trimmed with a diamond saw.
In 1958 approximately 460 tons of slate was produced and shipped to Vancouver.
* By J. W. McCammon.
t By R. B. King. 88 report of the minister of mines, 1958
Cement*
British Columbia Cement Company Limited.—Bamberton (48° 123° N.W.).
Head office, 540 Burrard Street, Vancouver. Gordon Farrell, president; B. Franklin
Cox, vice-president and general manager; R. E. Haskins, general superintendent.
This company operates a cement plant with a rated capacity of 7>Vi million barrels
per year at Bamberton.   During 1958 the plant produced 307,650 tons of cement.
Lafarge Cement of North America Ltd.—Lulu Island (49° 123° S.E.). This
company operates a cement plant on Lulu Island. First production began early in 1958.
The plant has a rated capacity of \Vi million barrels per year. Production for 1958 was
99,200 tons.
CLAY AND SHALE
(49° 122° S.E.) Head office, 850 West Hastings Street, Van-
Clayburn-Harbison couver; plants, Kilgard and Abbotsford. Gordon Farrell, presi-
Ltd.t dent; R. M. Hungerford, general manager; G. H. Peterson, man
ager. In 1956, Canadian Refractories Limited, a subsidiary of
Harbison-Walker Refractories Company, purchased a substantial interest in Clayburn-
Harbison Ltd. Clayburn-Harbison Ltd. was formerly known as Clayburn Company
Limited.
Two plants are operated by this company: One, in which sewer-pipe, flue-linings,
and light-weight aggregate is manufactured, is at Kilgard; the other, in which facebrick
and refractories are made, is at Abbotsford.
In the Kilgard plant, clay is pre-dried in a 150-foot rotary kiln and stockpiled. The
dried clay is mixed with water and grog and extruded through dies to form sewer-pipe and
flue-lining. The formed ware is dried and burned in down-draught beehive kilns fired
with natural gas.
In the Abbotsford plant, bricks are dry-pressed or extruded through dies, hand set
on cars, and passed through a drier. From the drier the bricks pass into a tunnel kiln 300
feet long. Some shale used in the manufacture of refractories is pre-calcined in the rotary
kiln at Kilgard.   This kiln is also used for the bloating of certain shales.
Clay and shale are mined from three open pits and two mines on Sumas Mountain.
A room-and-pillar method of mining is used in the underground mines, and extensive
use is made of roof-bolting for ground support. Holes are drilled with tungsten-carbide-
tipped augers which are driven by air-operated drills. Stumping powder is used in
blasting down the shale. Scrapers operated by 30-horsepower electrically driven hoists
are used to move broken shale directly to mine cars. In the open pits, shale is mined in
40-foot benches by drilling and blasting vertical and horizontal holes. Broken shale is
hauled to the plants by truck.
Clay and shale mined during 1958 totalled 58,491 tons. Twenty men were employed
in the mining operation and 138 were employed in the plant.
Fort Langley (49° 122° S.E.).   This company opened a clay pit
Lafarge Cement    about 8 miles east of Fort Langley on River Road.    A large
of North America   electrically powered scraper is used to scrape clay from the deposit
Ltd.t to a bin.   Clay is fed into large tanks, where it is mixed with water
to form a slurry. The slurry is pumped to barges for transportation to the company cement plant on Lulu Island.
Bear Creek Brick Company.t— Surrey (49° 122° S.W.). Head office, Victoria
Tile & Brick Supply Co. Ltd., Vancouver; plant, Archibald Road, Surrey Municipality.
James McBeth, plant manager. During 1958 there was some production of drain-tile
from this plant.
* By J. W. McCammon.
t By R. B. King. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
89
Haney  (49°  122° S.W.).    Company office, 846 Howe Street,
Haney Brick and    Vancouver; plant, Haney.   E. G. Baynes, president; J. Hadgkiss,
Tile Ltd.*        managing director.    Plastic clay is mined from a low pit face
adjacent to the plant by a Vi -cubic-yard gasoline-driven shovel and
is transported by truck to a covered air-drying area.   The clay is dried in a rotary wood-
fired kiln and conveyed to a dry pan for grinding.   Brick and tile are formed by a stiff-
mud extrusion process and dried in a controlled-temperature drying-room.   The products
are burned in down-draught beehive kilns.   During 1958, 7,500 tons of clay products
were produced.   Forty men were employed.
Barnet (49° 122° S.W.).   Head office, 8699 Angus Drive, Van-
Mainland Clay     couver; plant, Barnet.   Surface clay is mined from a pit adjacent
Products Limited*   to the plant and is transported to a covered air-drying area.   Some
fireclay is obtained from Kilgard.   Bricks are formed and dried in
a heated drying building.    Common brick, Roman brick, and firebrick are burned in
rectangular oil-fired kilns.    The production in 1958 was 1,020,391 building bricks.
Six men were employed.
Bazan Bay (48° 123° N.E.). K. Bruce, plant manager. This
company operates a clay pit and brick and tile plant at Bazan Bay
near Sidney, Vancouver Island. Surface clay is mined by scrapers
and stockpiled for drying. It is then ground in a dry pan and
elevated to a storage hopper. Brick and tile are formed by a stiff-
mud extrusion process and dried in a temperature- and humidity-controlled drying-room.
An oil-fired shuttle-type kiln and a down-draught beehive kiln are used to burn the ware.
Common brick, building-tile, and drain-tile are produced. When the plant is operating,
an average crew of nine men is employed.
Baker Brick & Tile Company Limited.t—Victoria (48° 123° S.E). Office and
works, 3191 Douglas Street, Victoria. Surface clay is mined near the plant and transported by truck to storage bins. The clay is air-dried, ground, and formed into shapes
by the soft-mud extrusion process and then dried with waste heat from the kilns. Down-
draught kilns are used to burn the ware.
Deeks-Mc Bride
Ltd. (Clay
Division) t
GYPSUM
Windermere  (50°  155°  S.W.).    Company office,  306 Electric
Western Gypsum   Railway Chambers, Winnipeg 2, Man.;   quarry office, Athalmer.
Products Limitedt   A. E. Portman, superintendent.    This property is at Windermere
Creek, 10 miles by road from Lake Windermere railway station.
The gypsum is crushed near the quarry-site and trucked to the railway siding at Athalmer
for shipment.
During 1958 a crew of twelve men produced 71,432 tons of gypsum, of which
69,755 tons was shipped from Athalmer. Most of the production was obtained from
the No. 1 quarry, which has been in operation for many years. This quarry was abandoned in October, 1958, and the present operations are confined to a new quarry that
was started approximately half a mile farther north. Diamond drilling completed during
1958 included eighty-nine holes at Windermere Creek totalling 8,411 feet, forty-four
holes at Burnais Draw totalling 4,766 feet, and fourteen holes at Stoddart Creek totalling
1,317 feet.
Road work included the building of 1 mile of roadway from the crusher plant to the
new quarry, and the relocation of 2 miles of the roadway below the plant to improve
* By R. B. King,
f By R. B. Bonar.
X By D. R. Morgan. 90 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
the grade.   Approximately 1,500 feet of pipe-line was installed to supply water to the
new quarry.
LIMESTONE
Limestone Deposits in the Ashcroft-Clinton Area*
Except for small scattered lenses, limestone in the Ashcroft-Clinton area is confined
to the Permian Marble Canyon formation of the Cache Creek group. The Marble
Canyon formation constitutes a northwest-trending band of limestone that extends for
more than 60 miles from a point 2 miles northwest of Martel to north of Jesmond. The
band has a maximum width of 8 miles. It is crossed by roads along Oregon Jack Creek,
through Marble Canyon between Carquille and Pavilion, and between Clinton and Kelly
Lake, and by the Pacific Great Eastern Railway between Clinton and Kelly Lake. The
road from Kelly Lake to Jesmond runs parallel to and within a mile of the southwest
edge of the Marble Canyon limestone for more than 25 miles northwest from Kelly Lake.
The Marble Canyon formation consists chiefly of medium- to fine-grained crystalline
limestone that varies in colour from dark blue-black through creamy to white. Most of
it is massive, and well-bedded exposures are uncommon. Stringers, pods, and blebs of
chert, some dolomite, and pyrite occur in parts of the formation, but elsewhere the
limestone is very pure.
During an examination made in 1958 six samples of the Marble Canyon formation
were taken from exposures where the limestone is readily accessible to roads.
Sample No. 1 came from an outcrop 13.1 miles northwest of the Kelly Lake junction
on the road to Jesmond. The sample consisted of random chips taken across the base
of a steep bluff that forms the end of a small ridge 300 feet northeast of the roadway.
The limestone is light-grey, medium- to fine-grained, crystalline rock. Most of it appears
quite pure, but some shows small scattered grains of chert on weathered surfaces. Rock
of similar appearance forms a 200-foot-high bluff a quarter of a mile northeast of the
road along the east bank of a large creek 7.8 miles to the southeast.
The second sample was taken across the face of a small abandoned quarry by a creek
one-quarter mile east of the road and railway 5V4 miles southwest of Clinton. The limestone is light coloured.   A high steep face 200 feet wide has been opened up in the quarry.
Sample No. 3 was made up of random chips taken across 400 feet of limestone
exposed in bluffs 400 yards northwest of and 200 feet above the tufa quarry 2Vz miles
southwest of Clinton. The rock here is variably coloured from light to dark grey. On
most weathered surfaces scattered small wart-like protrusions of chert are visible. The
remains of a small pot kiln lie on the flat at the base of the bluffs.
There are numerous exposures of limestone along the road from Carquille up Hat
Creek and through Marble Canyon to Pavilion. The first outcrop near the road is 10
miles west of Carquille. At this point a bluff which forms the side of a ridge rises abruptly
from an open grassy slope 800 feet northwest of the road. Limestone in the bluff is poor-
looking, dark blue to black, highly fractured material. Veins of calcite and knobs and
patches of chert and dolomite are abundant in it. Sample No. 4 was taken across 150
feet at the base of the bluff. Half a mile farther west this same ridge is crossed by the
road and the rock is well exposed to the south.
The road runs beside another limestone bluff 11.6 miles west of Carquille. The
rock here is lighter coloured and smoother weathering than at the last point, but it does
contain thin criss-crossed stringers of silica. One mile and a half farther west 100 feet
of light cream-coloured limestone breccia is exposed. This is next to dark-grey medium-
grained crystalline limestone beds that strike 40 degrees west of north and dip 58 degrees
to the southwest.
* By J. W. McCammon. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
91
At 13.4 miles the road forks, one branch going south to Upper Hat Creek and the
other northwest through Marble Canyon. Just north of the road at the forks is a large
bluff of creamy fine-grained limestone. Sample No. 5 was taken across 100 feet at the
base of the bluff.
Through the canyon between the forks and Crown Lake the rock is mostly light
coloured. Some contains chert nodules and veinlets and dolomite. A clean-looking bluff
2.6 miles northwest of the forks was sampled across 100 feet.   This was sample No. 6.
No samples were taken along the Oregon Jack Creek road. Outcrops are plentiful
and the rock is very similar to that exposed elsewhere in the Marble Canyon formation.
This road is narrow, steep, and in poor condition.
A rounded hummock of limestone half a mile to the west is visible from Highway
No. 1, three-quarters of a mile south of the northern cut-off to Ashcroft. The base of
the hummock is 600 feet above the highway and the hummock itself is about 250 feet
high and 500 feet in diameter. The rock is medium-grained, light-grey to mottled rather
uniform-looking limestone. It weathers to a light colour with usually a smooth surface,
although in some places small scattered raised lumps of chert and dolomite are visible.
Sample No. 7 consisted of chips taken at random across 250 feet on top of the hummock.
About a quarter mile to the southeast similar limestone outcrops in a low knoll 400
feet long and 300 feet wide. Volcanic rocks are exposed in the intervening area. A third
limestone knoll about 100 feet in diameter outcrops 600 feet farther to the southeast.
One-quarter mile west of Highway No. 1 directly opposite the south cut-off to
Ashcroft at Cornwall Creek, a double-crested hill of limestone projects 350 feet above a
flat field. The hill is roughly 1,300 feet long in a north-south direction and 600 feet wide.
In the trough of the saddle between the two crests a band of brown weathering cherty
argillite is exposed across 150 feet. This band strikes north 55 degrees west and dips 65
degrees northeast. The remainder of the hill consists of rather uniform medium-grained
light-grey to mottled limestone. On weathered surfaces scattered streaks of chert, irregular patches of dolomite, and some rusty areas are visible. Sample No. 8 was taken at
random across the top of the north crest, and sample No. 9 was taken across 500 feet
on the top of the south crest.
Two bodies of limestone are cut by Highway No. 1 north of Martel, 7 miles north
of Spences Bridge. The first is a small triangular patch half a mile north of the Martel
section house. This body is exposed for 300 feet along the highway and for 300 feet
north from the road to its apex 200 feet higher. The limestone is bounded on the west
by white cherty quartzite, on the northeast by skarn, and on the south by gravel. Most
of the rock is dark grey to black and weathers light. It is veined by numerous small
calcite stringers and cut by one dyke. Few impurities are visible on outcrop surfaces.
Sample No. 10 consisted of chips taken along 150 feet in the road cut.
The second and much larger limestone body is exposed by a continuous road cut
starting one-fifth of a mile north of the outcrop just described and extending northward
for four-fifths of a mile. The limestone forms a bare ridge a mile long that trends 25
degrees west of north from the road cut and reaches a maximum elevation of 900 feet
above the highway. The limestone continues southeast of the highway to the Thompson
River and is exposed in a small showing on the opposite bank. The rock is uniform
black fine-grained limestone with a few scattered interbeds of argillite and some porphyry
dykes. Faults and fractures are numerous and considerable folding has taken place. Many
white calcite veins are present. Sample No. 11 consisted of random chips taken along
1,000 feet at the south end of the road cut.
Northward up the highway the rocks are a heterogeneous mixture containing some
limestone, but none of the limestone is in large quantity or pure.
A large cliff of light weathering limestone is visible along the northeast side of
Venables Creek starting about 1 mile above the highway. 92
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Along the east bank of the Thompson River between Spatsum and Basque are
several small limestone lenses one-quarter to one-half mile east of the railway. All would
have to be mined largely by underground methods.
Several limestone lenses outcrop in the small valley southwest of the Canadian Pacific
Railway station at Walhachin, 13 miles northeast of Ashcroft. The first one is one-quarter
mile from the tracks directly south of the Walhachin road bridge. The lens is about
200 feet long and 50 to 75 feet wide. It consists of dark-grey badly fractured limestone
with chert and dolomite inclusions. Sample No. 12 was taken along 200 feet on the
side of the lens. A second small limestone mass is exposed around the hillside half a
mile to the south and east. Three more lenses 100 to 200 feet in diameter form bare
mounds on a bench south across the creek from this last exposure. The largest limestone
body, about 800 feet long and 400 feet wide, forms the top of the steep east side of a
gully just south of the last-mentioned outcrop.
In the first 10 miles along the Cariboo Highway north of Cache Creek several lenses
of limestone outcrop in road cuts and beside the road.   All of these are small.
The only serious attempt in recent years to produce lime rock in this entire area was
made on a large travertine or tufa deposit on Lot 268, about 2x/i miles southwest of
Clinton. The Pacific Great Eastern Railway passes through the northwest side of the
tufa in a cut 600 feet long and 25 feet deep. The main mass of the deposit is on the
slope southeast from the tracks. The tufa forms a mound with a maximum exposed
length parallel to the tracks of 850 feet and a width of 500 feet. The deepest exposure is
in the railway cut, which does not reach the bottom of the deposit. Most of the rock is
pale buff to white porous material containing abundant casts of leaves and twigs but some
is fairly massive. Between 1947 and 1953 Clinton Lime Holdings Limited attempted to
develop the property. Some diamond drilling was done, the deposit was almost completely stripped, two small quarries were opened up, and a crushing and screening plant
was built. A small amount of agricultural lime was shipped. There has apparently been
no activity lately. Two samples of the tufa were analysed: Sample No. 13 was taken
up the 15-foot-high face of the upper quarry; sample No. 14 was taken up the 10-foot
face of the bottom quarry.
Ashcroft-Clinton Limestone Analyses
Sample
Insol.
R2o3
Fe203
MnO
MgO
CaO
p2o5
S
Ig. Loss
H2O
1...  	
2. 	
0.18
0.46
0.34
1.02
0.36
0.08
0.20
0.46
0.34
2.62
1.34
3.76
0.10
0.12
0.10
0.30
0.08
0.38
0.58
0.16
0.30
1.58
0.52
0.50
0.22
1.16
0.10
0.06
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.18
0.06
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.03
0.11
0.08
0.37
0.02
0.03
0.002
0.030
0.025
0.013
0.021
0.009
0.005
0.006
0.011
0.031
0.036
0.543
0.007
0.001
0.55
0.30
1.15
0.47
0.33
0.27
0.32
0.27
0.31
0.56
0.89
0.61
0.54
0.33
55.16
55.24
54.35
54.51
55.03
55.53
55.34
54.77
55.12
53.68
54.12
52.40
54.92
55.16
0.027
0.071
0.022
0.034
0.123
0.071
0.079
0.368
0.135
0.031
0.031
0.040
0.018
0.020
0.01
Tr.
Tr.
Tr.
Tr.
Nil
Nil
Tr.
Nil
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.11
0.07
43.87
43.57
44.02
43.54
43.58
43.81
43.79
42.95
43.55
42.50
43.38
42.01
44.22
44.21
0.02
0.03
3              	
0.04
4                 	
0.04
5 	
0.03
6
0.02
7  ..
0.03
8	
0.01
9	
0.01
10  	
11	
12	
0.11
0.03
0.03
13  	
14	
0.03
0.06
[References: Bureau of Mines, Canada, Publ. No. 811, 1944, pp. 181-184, 221-
225; Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 262 and map, 1952, pp. 15-22, 111; Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 118, 1920, pp. 49-51; Geol. Surv., Canada, Ann. Rept., New Series,
Vol. VII, Rept. B, 1894; Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1947, p. 218; 1948,
p. 189; 1953, p. 191.] STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
93
Figure 2. Limestone in the Ashcroft-Clinton area. 94 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Limestone in the Merritt Area*
In the vicinity of Merritt, limestone occurs in the Triassic Nicola group of rocks.
During a reconnaissance made in 1958 no extensive beds of limestone were found.
Except for those on Swakum Mountain, the Promontory Hills, and north of Harmon
Lake, the deposits seen consisted of insignificant pods and lenses.
The road from Nicola via Clapperton Creek to the mining claims on top of Swakum
Mountain passes close to two elongate masses of limestone. The first one is at 5,300
feet elevation by the abandoned workings on the Thelma group. Here a 100-foot-wide
band of dark-grey limestone is exposed for 350 feet in a north-south direction. The
exposure is covered by overburden at both ends. The rock is massive and contains
scattered thin stringers of white calcite, some chert nodules, and vague shapes that may
be fossils. Sample No. 1 was taken across 100 feet at the centre of the exposure. The
second lens is at 5,600 feet elevation near Swakum peak on the Alameda No. 4 claim
about a mile north of the Thelma. The lens averages 150 feet wide and is exposed for
one-quarter mile along a line trending north 20 degrees east. The rock is light buff to
grey with brown grains of dolomite, white calcite stringers, and some thin shaly interbeds.
A shallow pit has been dug on some sparse sulphide mineralization near the centre of the
lens. Sample No. 2 was taken across the width of the limestone 100 feet south of the
pit.   Several other lenses of similar material have been reported in the same general area.
On the hillside 2 miles northeast of Merritt a 50-foot-wide band of limestone extends
for 600 feet up the slope. It strikes 10 degrees east of north and dips 70 degrees east.
The limestone is light grey in colour and contains considerable silica and dolomite in
small irregular grains. The ruins of an old pot kiln lie near the base of the exposure
some 500 feet higher than the road. Near the top of the exposure are some old pits and
trenches on sparse copper mineralization.
Several limestone lenses are exposed on the south slope of Promontory Hills directly
north of Canford. The lowest one found forms the top of a steep bluff 1,100 feet above
the highway. Here siliceous dark-grey limestone veined with white calcite is exposed
across 70 feet for 200 feet along a strike of north 40 degrees east. Sample No. 3 was
taken across the width of the exposure. A second lens was found 300 feet higher up the
hill; a third one, 500 feet higher still; and a fourth one, 300 feet above the third. All
lenses form bare northeast-trending mounds on flat terraces that break the general slope
of the hill.   More lenses of a similar type are reported on the crest of the hills.
Cockfield (Mem. 249) reported several limestone lenses on the hills south of Nicola
Lake. Only two of these were found. The largest was 2,200 feet above and W2 miles
south of the highway 5 miles east of Nicola. It is readily accessible from ranch and
logging roads to the south and west. The limestone forms a rounded ridge extending
down an open grassy slope. The exposure is 500 feet long in a north-south direction and
200 feet wide. The rock is dark-grey rough weathering siliceous material. Sample No. 4
consisted of random chips taken across the surface.   The other lens seen was very small.
A single insignificant lens of limestone was found in a creek bed southwest of Iron
Mountain. Three limestone deposits were seen north of the road that passes Harmon
Lake and 5 miles west of Highway No. 5. One forms a prominent white bluff readily
visible from the road and about 2,000 feet north of and 350 feet above it. The limestone
is light creamy grey. It is exposed across 200 feet for a length of 500 feet in a northerly
direction. The second and largest deposit is 2,000 feet northwest of the one just described
and 400 feet higher in elevation. This one forms bluffs 100 feet high, has a maximum
width of 400 feet, and is exposed for one-quarter mile along a northeast strike. The rock
is light creamy grey and weathers light blue grey with a rough surface. The roughness
is due to small protruding lumps and grains of dolomite and silica.    Sample No. 5 was
* By J. W. McCammon. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
95
50°0 0
I2I°00' I20,45' 120*30'
Q-   SAMPLE    LOCATION X- LIMESTONE    OUTCROP
0 4 8
SCALE
FEET
Figure 3. Limestone in the Merritt area.
made up of random chips taken across the lens near its centre. The third deposit is half
a mile northeast of the second one. It consists of a lens 300 feet long and 130 feet wide
associated with fossiliferous tuff and sandstone. The limestone is dark grey and contains
stringers of white calcite with some dolomite and silica. 96
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Marl of undetermined thickness forms a wide zone around the southwest end of
a small lake adjacent to the east side of Highway No. 5 about 6 miles south of Courtney
Lake.   It was too water-saturated to be examined on foot.
A small lens of light-grey limestone was found 23/4 miles west of the marl deposit.
It is too small and inaccessible to be of value.
Merritt Limestone Analyses
Sample
Insol.
R2O3
Fe203
MnO
MgO
CaO
P2O.,
S
Ig. Loss
H20
1   	
7.08
11.16
13.32
2.62
1.92
0.46
1.08
2.84
0.28
0.26
0.28
0.67
0.92
0.20
0.12
0.07
0.047
0.107
0.015
0.023
0.44
0.63
1.06
0.46
0.23
51.22
48.00
45.92
53.67
54.40
0.026
0.056
0.042
0.038
0.026
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.01
Tr.
40.80
38.99
36.85
42.80
43.08
0.04
2.	
3	
4	
0.03
0.08
0.04
5  	
0.02
[References:  Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 243, 1947; Mem. 249, 1948.]
Agassiz Lime Quarry.*—Agassiz (49° 121° S.W.). Hiram Cutler, owner. This
pit and plant ceased operation in May, 1958, and stockpiled limestone was sold. Limestone produced:  950 tons.   Five men were employed.
Popkum (49° 121° S.W.).    Head office, 905 Edmonds Street,
Fraser Valley Lime Burnaby.   Thomas Mairs, manager; John Isaacs, superintendent.
Supplies* John Isaacs replaced Arthur Isaacs as superintendent in June.
Limestone is quarried to produce agricultural limestone and industrial filler. The quarry is being worked in benches nearly 25 feet high. Rock is blasted
from the quarry face, loaded onto trucks by a 1-cubic-yard front-end loader, and transported to the crushing plant. About 4,000 tons of limestone was quarried during 1958.
Ten men were employed.
Vananda (49° 124° N.W.).   Head office, 744 West Hastings Street,
Beale Quarries      Vancouver;   quarry office, Vananda.   Lafarge Cement of North
Division* America Ltd., owner; W. D. Webster, superintendent.   Limestone
is quarried to produce pulp rock for paper mills, agricultural limestone, crushed limestone, and cement rock. The quarry is worked on levels with faces
about 40 feet high. Vertical blast-holes are drilled with a Joy Heavy-weight Champion
drill. Broken rock is loaded by a 3-cubic-yard Bucyrus shovel onto Euclid 63T trucks
and transported to the crushing plant. This plant is equipped with an Allis-Chalmers
60- by 48-inch primary jaw crusher, an Allis-Chalmers 36- by 48-inch secondary jaw
crusher, and a Pennsylvania impactor. Screens and belt-conveyors are installed to accommodate two main sizes of rock—pulp rock from 6 to 12 inches and cement rock which
is minus three-quarters of an inch.
Limestone produced:  212,619 tons.   Twenty-four men were employed.
Vananda (49° 124° N.W.).   British Columbia office, 1155 West
Ideal Cement      Georgia Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Vananda.   W. S. Beale,
Company Ltd.*     manager, Rock Products Division.   This company purchased the
assets of W. S. Beale (1955) Ltd. and assumed control in February,
1958.   The rock quarry is on Lot 25, Texada Island, and is about 2 miles south of
Vananda.   The crushing plant is at Marble Bay, adjacent to Vananda.   During the year
a new crushing plant was built which can crush and screen 6,000 tons of limestone per
day.   Rock is broken from low quarry faces, loaded onto trucks by a %-cubic-yard
Marion 372 shovel, and is transported to the crushing plant.   The plant consists of a
Pioneer bar feeder which feeds rock to a fixed grizzly that scalps out all —14-inch
By R. B. King. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
97
Gypsum Lime and
Alabastine,
Canada, Limited*
material. Oversized rock is conveyed to a 30- by 42-inch Pioneer jaw crusher. Rock
from the grizzly and the crusher is passed over a triple-deck Allis-Chalmers screen which
produces four products: 6-inch to 14-inch, IVi-inch to 6-inch, %-inch to lVi-inch,
and —%-inch.   These sizes are each conveyed to separate stockpiles.
As required, the material is loaded by a belt-conveyor, at the rate of 500 tons an
hour, into barges for shipment. Marble Bay has been dredged to provide a suitable
harbour for ocean-going barges having a capacity of 5,000 tons. A new dock has been
constructed to accommodate and load these barges.   Seven men were employed.
Vananda (49° 124° N.W.).   Don McKay, owner.   This quarry is
McKay Quarry*    on the main road about 2 miles south of Vananda.   White limestone
is mined and sold for stucco dash and whiting. The white, bleached
limestone occurs as irregular masses in a blue-grey limestone.   Open-pit mining with low
benches allows a selective recovery of the white limestone.   Grey limestone is sold for
pulp rock and also exported for use in the glass industry.
During 1958, 2,000 tons of white limestone and 15,000 tons of blue-grey limestone
were produced.   Three men were employed.
Blubber Bay (49° 124° N.W.). Head office, 50 Maitland Street,
Toronto 5, Ont.; British Columbia office, 1105 West Pender Street,
Vancouver; quarry office, Blubber Bay; lime plants, Blubber Bay
and Vancouver. W. M. Tully, British Columbia area manager;
Arthur Pitt, Blubber Bay, plant manager. Limestone is quarried
approximately 2 miles from the Blubber Bay plant. The quarry is worked in benches
with faces nearly 25 feet high. Horizontal and vertical blast-holes are drilled with wagon
drills and Gardner-Denver rotary drills. Broken rock is loaded by diesel-driven shovels
onto trucks and hauled to the Blubber Bay plant. There limestone is crushed, sized, and
stockpiled for use in lime-burning facilities at Blubber Bay and Vancouver, and also for
sale.
Products are crushed stone, including sized rock, spalls, and fines or screenings,
quicklime (lump, crushed, and pulverized), and hydrated lime.
Stone is supplied to such industries as pulp and paper, cement, smelting and refining,
iron and steel, agriculture, etc.; lime is supplied for building, mining, pulp and paper,
chemicals, agriculture, steel, and sugar industries.
The total number of men employed at Blubber Bay in 1958 was forty-five.
Koeye River (51°  127° N.W.).   P. O. Christensen, president;
Koeye Limestone   A. A. Christensen, secretary-treasurer.   This company operates a
Co. Ltd.t limestone quarry on Koeye River, less than a mile from its mouth
on Fitz Hugh Sound, 6 miles south of Namu. The limestone is
mined by drilling vertical holes with a small portable drill. Broken rock is hand-loaded
into narrow-gauge cars and hand-trammed to a scow-loading ramp. The 1958 production was 7,000 tons, which was shipped to the Crown-Zellerbach pulp plant at Ocean
Falls.
Alaska Pine & Cellulose Limited.t—Jeune Landing (50° 127° S.W.). Head
office, 1111 West Georgia Street, Vancouver. Nils Erickson, quarry superintendent.
This quarry is on the east shore of Neroutsos Inlet about VA miles north of Jeune
Landing. Limestone is quarried for pulp rock for the Port Alice pulp-mill. In 1958 the
quarry produced 11,350 tons of limestone.
The Granbv Consolidated Mininq Smelting and Power Company Limited.*—
Harbledown Island (50° 126° N.W.). This company drilled a limestone property under
lease from R. H. Chestnut.   Seventeen holes totalling 308 feet were diamond drilled.
* By R. B. King.
t By J. W. McCammon. 98 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
British Columbia Cement Company Limited.*—Head office, 540 Burrard Street,
Vancouver. Gordon Farrell, president; B. Franklin Cox, vice-president and general
manager; R. E. Haskins, general superintendent. Limestone is mined at Cobble Hill
(48° 123° N.W.) on Vancouver Island. The quarry face is about 80 feet high and churn
drills are used to drill vertical blast-holes which have a 26-foot spacing and burden.
Broken rock is loaded by diesel-driven shovels into 15- and 30-cubic-yard-capacity trucks
and transported over 7 miles of private road to the plant at Bamberton.
In 1958, 445,259 tons of raw material was mined.
MAGNESITE
(49°  115° N.W.).   Company office, 811a Seventeenth Avenue
Harbour S.W., Calgary, Alta.;   Reuben Bond, president.   A management
Natural Resources contract is held by Millar, Hannigan and Associates Limited, con-
Limitedf suiting mining engineers, Calgary.   This property is in Perry Creek
valley, between Antwerp and Lisbon Creeks, 9 miles south of Kimberley.   Access is by means of a road leading southwest from Wycliffe.
The property is operated under an option obtained in 1958. Activities to the present
have been confined to surface stripping and drilling to test the orebody. The removal of
approximately 1,400 cubic yards of overburden from the outcrop has exposed the mag-
nesite for a length of 735 feet. Drilling has increased this length to 1,990 feet. Six holes,
totalling 1,150 feet, were completed, and these together with the surface stripping indicated a width of 50 feet for the " high grade " magnesite core. In addition, widths of
as much as 60 feet in the footwall show disseminated magnesite as blobs and stringers
visually estimated at 30 to 50 per cent magnesite.
It is reported a large-scale sample is being prepared for a pilot run, and the result
of the test will provide the basis for decision as to the plant design.
MARLt-
Popkum (49° 121° S.W.).   Office, Chilliwack.   A. M. Davidson,
Cheam Marl       manager.   Marl and overlying humus are mined from a post-Gla-
Products Ltd.      cial deposit which has accumulated on the floor of Cheam Lake.
This material, on the north shore of the lake, is as much as 12 feet
thick and is dug by dragline and loaded onto trucks.   Wet and semi-dry humus and marl
are produced for agricultural purposes.   Two men were employed.
Popkum (49° 121° S.W.). W. A. Munro, managing director. Marl
Popkum Marl      and humus are mined from a post-Glacial deposit on the east shore
Products Limited   of Cheam Lake.   Draglines working on heavy wooden-plank roadways are used to dig marl and humus.   These products are sold
locally.    The production in 1958 was 14,360 tons of marl and 6,000 cubic yards of
humus.   Six men were employed.
SAND AND GRAVEL§
Louis Salvador and Son.||—Creston (49° 116° S.W.). This Company operates
a gravel crushing, screening, and washing plant on Goat River, immediately south of
Creston. Approximately 6,000 cubic yards of sand and gravel were produced for the
local construction industry in 1958.
* By R. B. Bonar.
t By D. R. Morgan.
X By R. B. King.
§ By R. B. King, except as noted.
II By J. E. Merrett. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS 99
Merriam and Peskor.*—Wynndel (49° 116° S.W.). F. Merriam, owner. This
pit is on the Creston-Kootenay Bay Highway, AVi miles north of Wynndel. In addition
to supplying a small amount of gravel for building construction, gravel was also provided
for the Peskor Paving Ltd. plant of Carl Peskor. The tar mixing plant was established
at the quarry.
Seaman's Gravel Pit.*—Wynndel (49° 116° S.W.). George Seaman, Creston,
owner. This pit is at the north end of Duck Creek road, 1 mile north of Wynndel.
Approximately 2,000 cubic yards of road gravel was excavated from a low bench by a
front-end loader.
Premier Sand and Gravel Company Limited.*—Nelson (49° 117° S.E). Albert
Shrieves, president and manager; D. Norcross, superintendent. This property is located
on the east side of the City of Nelson in the vicinity of Anderson Creek. This property
was purchased from the former owners and operated in conjunction with Nelson Ready-
Mix Concrete Ltd. concrete plant. Gravel is removed by dragline and then crushed and
sized.
Production in 1958 was 31,276 cubic yards.   Five men were employed.
(49° 117° S.E.).   Associated Enterprises Limited, of Salmo, in-
Feeney Pit*        stalled a portable screening plant at this pit, 5 miles south of Salmo
on the Salmo-Nelway Highway.   Approximately 1,000 cubic yards
of %-inch and %6-inch gravel was produced and trucked to the cement-tile manufacturing plant of Valley Concrete Limited located 1 mile west of Salmo.
Trail (49° 117° S.W.). This pit, owned by Korpack Cement
Ferraro Gravel Pit* Products Company Limited, of Trail, is located between Casino
Road and the Columbia River, 2 miles south of Trail. Gravel
excavated from low benches is loaded directly into a portable crushing and screening
plant. The products are sold to the public, to McGauley Ready-Mix Concrete Company,
or shipped to the owner's concrete, cinder, and chimney-block plant in Trail. A crew of
three men was employed.
Abbotsford Gravel Sales Ltd.—Abbotsford (49° 122° S.E.). This pit is 7 miles
west and 6 miles south of Abbotsford. Gravel is mined by shovel and scraper. A plant,
adjacent to the pit, crushes, washes, and sizes the gravel. The products are used as
aggregate in a ready-mix concrete plant or are sold locally.    Four men were employed.
Clearbrooke (49° 122° S.E.). Dueck Building Supplies Ltd.,
Dueck's Gravel Pit owner.   This pit is about 1 mile north of Clearbrooke.   Sand and
gravel are dug from low gravel faces by an overhead loader and
transported to a bucket elevator, by which they are elevated to a crushing, washing, and
sizing plant. Pit-run, washed, and sized gravel are produced. A ready-mix plant
furnishes concrete for local sales.    Seven men were employed.
Foster's Gravel Pit.—Aldergrove (49° 122° S.E.). C. N. Foster, owner. This
pit is about 3 miles south of Aldergrove. Sand and gravel are mined from low faces by
a front-end loader. Pit-run gravel is sold locally. The production in 1958 was 4,084
cubic yards.   One man was employed.
Border Sand and Gravel Company.—White Rock (49° 122° S.W.). Office and
plant, Boundary Road, R.R. 4, White Rock. T. Lapierre, manager. Gravel is dug from
low faces by an overhead loader. It is transported for washing and sizing to a plant or is
sold as pit-run gravel.   Three men were employed.
: By J. E. Merrett. 100 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Cloverdale (49° 122° S.W.).   Office and plant, 12311 Fifty-third
Colebrook Sand     Avenue, R.R.   1, Cloverdale.    F. Bray, president and general
& Gravel Company manager.    Sand and gravel are mined by an overhead loader,
Limited loaded onto trucks, and hauled to a semi-portable washing and
screening plant.   Washed and sized products or pit-run gravel are
sold locally.   The production in 1958 was 5,293 cubic yards of pit-run and 16,630 cubic
yards of washed and sized products.   Two men were employed.
Newton (49° 122° S.W.).   Linton's Construction Co. Ltd., oper-
Sunshine Properties   ator;   Thomas A. Linton, managing director.    This pit is about
Ltd. 1 mile south and 3 miles west of Newton on the British Columbia
Electric Railway. Gravel is mined from low faces by three diesel-
driven shovels. It is either crushed and screened in a portable crusher or is sold as
run-of-pit. Production in 1958 was 213,664 cubic yards of run-of-pit and 64,642 cubic
yards of crushed material.   Six men were employed.
Corporation of the District of Surrey.—Cloverdale (49° 122° S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels and is transported to crushers by
trucks or is used directly as pit-run gravel.
Corporation of the Township of Langley.—Murrayville (49° 122° S.W.). Several gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels and is transported to crushers
by trucks or is used directly as pit-run gravel.
Hornby General Machinery Company.—Langley Municipality (49° 122° S.W.).
Office, Cloverdale; pit, Gobsell Road. Harry Hornby, owner. Run-of-pit gravel is
mined by two small diesel shovels from low pit faces. A portion of the production
is crushed and sized in a portable plant. The remainder is sold as run-of-pit. Production
in 1958 was 20,519 cubic yards.    Three men were employed.
S.U.B. Quarries Ltd.—Port Mann (49° 122° S.W.). Office, 611 No. 3 Road,
Brighouse. Gravel is mined by digging low gravel faces with diesel-driven shovels.
Most of the production is supplied as pit-run gravel to a crushing plant and ready-mix
plant adjacent to the pit.   Five men were employed.
Trouton Excavating Ltd.—New Westminster (49° 122° S.W.). Office and plant,
10987 Sandell Road, New Westminster. W. R. Trouton, manager. In 1958 some gravel
was mined from the floor of the pit and sold as run-of-pit.   Three men were employed.
Elderkin's Excavating Ltd.—Port Mann (49° 122° S.W.). Office, Burnaby.
Lawrence Elderkin, manager. This company operates a small pit near Port Mann. Gravel
is mined by overhead loader or a small shovel and is sold locally as pit-run. One man
was employed.
Barker Construction Co. Ltd.—Ladner (49° 123° S.E.). C. E. Barker, president;
W. H. Greene, manager. This company operates a pit on Boundary Bay Road. Gravel
is mined from low faces by diesel-driven shovels and is crushed and screened or sold
locally.
Corporation of the District of Coquitlam.—Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by a small diesel shovel. Gravel is either crushed in a
portable crusher or used as pit-run. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
101
Coquitlam (49°  122° S.W.).   Jack Cewe, owner and manager.
Jack Cewe This pit is about 3 miles north of Coquitlam on Pipe Line Road.
Blacktop Ltd.       The deposit, being part of the Mary Hill outwash, is of a glacio-
fluvial origin and represents outwash of sand and medium to coarse
gravel with minor interbedded lenses of till.
Gravel is mined from 30-foot faces by a 1-cubic-yard-capacity diesel-driven shovel.
It is loaded onto trucks for transportation to local markets as pit-run gravel or is crushed
and sized for use by an adjacent asphalt road-materials plant.   Nine men were employed.
Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Company office, 902 Columbia
Gilley Bros. Limited Street, New Westminster. J. H. Gilley, general manager; James
(Maryhill Division)   C. Gilley, production supervisor;    E. Johnston, superintendent.
This pit and its plant are on the Fraser River near Coquitlam.
Sand and gravel are mined from 30-foot faces by a 2Vi-cubic-yard disesel-driven shovel
and trucked by 12-cubic-yard trucks to a crushing plant. Crushed rock is distributed
to two washing plants. Sand, gravel, and crushed products produced from this property
are transported by scows to markets.    Forty-five men were employed.
S. and S. Gravel Pit.—Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). N. P. Stromgren and C. B.
Scott, owners. This pit is on Pipe Line Road north of Coquitlam. Gravel is mined from
low gravel faces by a diesel-driven shovel or an overhead loader and is either crushed in
a portable crusher or sold locally as run-of-pit.    Four men were employed.
Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Company office, Coquitlam. This
Scott Bros. Ltd.     company operates several small pits near Coquitlam.   The Lucas
pit on Pipe Line Road, the Jacoby pit on the Coquitlam River
about 2 miles north of the Dewdney truck-road, and from several areas along the banks
of the Coquitlam River. Gravel is mined by overhead loader onto trucks and sold as
pit-run or is crushed and screened.   Four men were employed.
Corporation of the Municipality of Burnaby.—Burnaby (49° 122° S. W).
S. Thompson, works superintendent. The pit, on Stride Avenue, is operated by E. R.
Taylor Construction Co. Ltd. for the Municipality of Burnaby. Gravel is mined by
a 1-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel. It is loaded onto trucks and transported to a
portable crusher or is used as run-of-pit gravel.
Enemark Construe
tion Limited
Indian Arm (49 ° 122 ° S. W.). Office, Port Mellon. T. Enemark,
president. This pit is on the south half of Lot 1, District Lot 1027,
Township 6, Range 7, west of the 7th meridian. It is on the west
shore of Indian Arm near Clementine Creek. Coarse gravel and
rock is mined from talus slopes and creek bottoms by VA- and 2 Vi-cubic-yard-capacity
diesel-driven shovels. It is then trucked and dumped directly on scows for shipment to
local markets. While operating, fourteen men are employed and production is at the rate
of 25,000 cubic yards a month.
Deeks-McBride
Ltd.
Company office, 1051 Main Street, Vancouver; George B. McKeen,
president; H. W. Rhodes, vice-president, production and development; J. W. Sharpe, general manager. Two gravel pits and crushing plants were operated during 1958 by this company. One pit
is near Coquitlam (49° 123° S.E.), and the other is near the mouth of Seymour Creek
(49° 123° S.E.). At the Coquitlam pit, gravel is mined with a 1-cubic-yard-capacity
electrically operated dragline and is transported by a conveyor belt to a jaw crusher and
then to a washing plant. The washed and sized gravel is stored in steel bunkers and is
sold locally or used in a ready-mix cement plant.   Twelve men were employed.
226144 102 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
At the Seymour plant, gravel is mined by a %-cubic-yard dragline at the edge of
Burrard Inlet. Gravel is transported by conveyors to a washing plant. Crushed,
washed, and sized gravel is shipped by scow or truck or is used in a ready-mix plant.
Twenty men were employed.
Lynnmour (49° 123° S.E.).    Company office, Lynnmour.   W. J.
Highland Sand and Barrett-Leonard, president and general manager;  D. F. Spankie,
Gravel Company    director.   This company operates two plants—one on East Keith
Limited Road, Lynnmour, and one at 2962 Lambert Road, Langley Munici
pality. At the Lynnmour plant, sand, gravel, crushed products, and
road materials are produced. Material is mined from low gravel faces by a % -cubic-yard
diesel-driven shovel and is transported to a crushing, screening, and washing plant. Gravel
purchased from local supplies is also prepared in this plant. Eleven men were employed.
At the Langley plant, gravel is mined from low gravel faces by shovel and trucked
to a plant, where it is washed, crushed, and sized.   Seven men were employed.
During 1958, 163,810 cubic yards of material was handled by these plants, which
involved the following products: Crushed rock, 25,892 cubic yards; sand and gravel,
50,321 cubic yards; crushed fills, 77,781 cubic yards; bank-run fill, 29,866 cubic yards.
Maclynn Gravel Co. Ltd.—Lynnmour (49° 123° S.E.). Company office, Keith
Road, Lynnmour. A. D. MacMillan, owner and operator. Gravel is dug by dragline
from the bottom of Lynn Creek. The run-of-pit gravel is sold locally. Three men were
employed.
West Vancouver Municipality (49° 123° S.E.).    C. W. Bridge,
Capilano Crushing  general  manager.     This   company  operated  two   crushing  and
Co. Ltd. washing plants—plant No. 1 at 606 Marine Drive, West Vancou
ver, and plant No. 2 at 33 East First Avenue, Vancouver. Gravel
is mined by dredging the foreshore near the mouth of the Capilano River. Two diesel-
driven draglines are used to remove the gravel. One of these loads gravel onto trucks
for transport to plant No. 1; the other loads gravel onto scows for transport to plant
No. 2.   Total 1958 production from both plants was approximately 330,000 cubic yards.
West Vancouver Municipality (49° 123° S.E.).    Office, Capilano
Routledge Post Office.   T. C. Routledge, president.   This company operates
Gravel Ltd. two pits—No. 1 on the Indian reservation at the lower end of
Lower Capilano Road and No. 2 at the mouth of Lynn Creek at
the lower end of Brooksbank Avenue, North Vancouver. In both pits, gravel is scraped
by a 7-cubic-yard scraper from underwater deposits and is conveyed to crushing, screening, and washing plants. The production in 1958 was 70,000 cubic yards of run-of-pit
and 150,000 cubic yards of screened and crushed material. Twenty men were employed.
Britannia Beach (49°  123° N.E.).    Company office, 628 Car-
Construction       narvon Street, New Westminster.    Gravel is mined by scraping
Aggregates Ltd.    material from a high bank into a large hopper.   The oversized rock
is removed and the finer sizes of gravel are conveyed by an inclined
belt to a washing and screening plant.   The fine sand is treated in an Aitkens classifier
to remove fine deleterious material. The sand and gravel are shipped by scow or railroad
to markets.   Eight men were employed.
Hillside (49° 123° S.E.).    Company office, 1075 Main Street,
Hillside Sand &    Vancouver;  plant, Hillside.   J. E. Buerk, manager;  Ray Kehoe,
Gravel Limited     superintendent.    This pit is on the west shore of Howe Sound
and is accessible by road from Gibsons Landing.   Gravel is mined
by washing with a constant flow of water cascading over the high pit face.    Gravel is STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
103
loaded by a %-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel into 15-cubic-yard Euclid trucks and
transported to a crushing and washing plant. Washed and sized gravel is loaded onto
scows for transportation. The plant was equipped with individual electric motors. These
replaced the water-powered drives formerly used in screening, conveying, and washing
the gravel.
Royal Oak (48° 123° S.E.). Office and plant, Keating Cross-
Butler Brothers road. Gravel is blasted or is dug from gravel faces by diesel-
Supplies Ltd.*      driven shovels and an overhead loader.    It is transported to a
washing and sizing plant or sold as pit-run. A ready-mix plant
furnishes concrete for local sales. In 1958, 156,802 yards of gravel was mined. Six
men were employed.
Saanich  (48°  123° N.E.).    Company office and plant, Royal
McIntyre & Harding Oak Post Office, Saanich.    Gravel is dug from gravel faces by
Gravel Company     Vi -cubic-yard diesel-driven shovels and is transported by trucks
Limited* to a chute and grizzly.    It is then conveyed to a washing and
cleaning plant where sand, gravel, and washed and sized products
are produced. A concrete plant for making concrete bricks, building-blocks, and drain-
tile is also operated. In 1958, 45,479 cubic yards of gravel was produced. Sixteen men
were employed.
Albert Head (48° 123° S.E.). Company office, 900 Wharf
Evans, Coleman & Street, Victoria; plant, Royal Bay. D. E. Smith, manager; B. W.
Johnson Bros. Ltd.* Parker, plant superintendent. Two plants are operated by this
company, both of which are in the vicinity of Royal Bay. At
plant No. 1, sand and gravel are mined by using a scraper on a slack-line cableway to
loosen packed gravel from the high face. Gravel is loaded by a 1 Va -cubic-yard shovel
into a hopper, where it discharges onto a conveyor belt and is conveyed to the plant.
Gravel is crushed, screened, washed, and classified, and the products are shipped by
scow to markets.
At plant No. 2, gravel is dug by a diesel-driven shovel from a low face, loaded onto
trucks and transported to a washing and cleaning plant.
Sand, gravel, and crushed products are sold locally.    The production from both
pits was 354,905 cubic yards in 1958.    Twenty-two men were employed.
Courtenay (49° 124° N.W.).   Office, Courtenay.   S. H. Marriott,
S. H. Marriott      manager and operator.    This pit is beside the Courtenay-Cum-
Sand and Gravel*   berland road, 2Vi miles from Courtenay, and is operated on a
lease from Canadian Collieries Resources Limited.    Gravel is
mined from a high face with a 3A -cubic-yard gasoline-driven mobile loader.   The gravel
is fed to a small rotary screening plant, where it is sized into two products—under 2
inches and over 2 inches.    Three men are normally employed at the quarry.
A.V.
Richardson
Ltd.*
Duncan  (48°   123°  N.W.).    Company  office,  Duncan.    This
property is owned and operated by Butler Brothers Supplies Ltd.
The pit is 4 miles from Duncan on the Lake Cowichan Road.
Pit-run gravel and washed and screened sand, gravel, and rock
are produced. Gravel is mined by an overhead loading machine and also by scraping.
Pit-run gravel that is not used directly as fill or road dressing is washed and sized in an
adjoining plant. A ready-mix plant uses the washed products as aggregate in concrete
for local sales. During the year 15,500 cubic yards of gravel was produced. Three
men were employed.
* By R. B. Bonar. 104 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
SILICA
Golden  (51°   116°  S.W.).    Company office,  Meech Building,
Mountain Minerals   P.O. Box 273, Lethbridge, Alta.;  R. A. Thrall, managing direc-
Limited* tor;  William MacPherson, superintendent.    This company holds
two leases on a silica property at Moberly Mountain, 5 miles north
of Golden. A crew of four men was employed for intermittent periods during 1958
trenching and drilling along the outcrop. Six open-cuts of various sizes were made,
and four diamond-drill holes totalling 500 feet were completed.
Sheep Creek (49° 117° S.E.). F. Rotter, of Salmo, leased the
Queenf Queen mine dump near the junction of Sheep and Waldie Creeks
from Sheep Creek Mines Limited. The quartzitic dump rock
was loaded onto trucks by a front-end loader and trucked to the Trail smelter for use
as silica flux.
Shuswap  Lake   (50°   119°   N.E.).    A  bed   of  massive  white
Quartzite Point     quartzite outcrops along the beach on the east shore of Shuswap
Quarryi Lake at Quartzite (Marble) Point, about 7 miles north of Sica-
mous. One small knob of the quartzite is exposed at the edge of
the water below two cabins on the point. About 300 feet north of this outcrop the
main quartzite exposure is visible. It is about 80 feet wide and can be traced for 500
feet along the shore. The quartzite forms a bed between layers of gneiss striking northward and dipping flatly to the east. There is an old quarry 40 feet long and 15 feet wide
near the south end of the main exposure.
The quartzite is milky white and contains few visible impurities. One sample
consisting of chips taken across the entire width of the exposure at the quarry contained
97.48 per cent Si02, 0.59 per cent A1203, and 0.02 per cent Fe.
It is reported that in 1923 a shipment of 100 tons of quartzite was made from this
deposit to Trail to make hydrofluosilicic acid.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1923, p. 172; Mines Branch,
Ottawa, Publ. No. 686, 1928, p. 38.]
Oliver   (49°   119°   S.W.).    Pacific  Silica  Limited.     Registered
Oliver Silica        office, 717 West Pender Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Box 397,
Quarry- Oliver.   Ivan A. Hunter, manager.   The Oliver silica quarry is on
the Gypo mineral claim, owned by The Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, and leased to Pacific Silica Limited. This claim
is less than a quarter mile west of Highway No. 97, almost 1 mile north of Oliver.
The Gypo claim has been Crown-granted for many years. Apparently the first
interest in it centred on a small vein containing scattered sulphides. In 1926 the Consolidated Mining and Smelting company carried out exploratory work and made a small
shipment from the claim. The shipment was of value chiefly because it provided siliceous
flux. Between 1941 and 1944 R. C. McKay shipped approximately 800 tons of finegrained mica for grinding from a lens alongside a large quartz vein on another part of
the claim. Later Interior Contracting Company Limited leased the claim from the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting company and intermittently quarried small amounts
of quartz from the large quartz outcrop. The quartz was used for flux and stucco dash.
In July, 1953, Stucco Supply Company, of Vancouver, subleased the quarry from Interior
Contracting Company.    Stucco Supply Company operated the quarry until April, 1955,
* By D. R. Morgan.
t By J. E. Merrett.
X By J. W. McCammon.
§ By J. W. McCammon and A. R. C. James. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
105
when the sublease was taken over by Pacific Silica Limited, originally of Seattle. In
1956 this latter company opened a second quarry and built a separate plant to produce
coarse lump silica for the metallurgical industry, meanwhile maintaining production of
stucco dash, roofing rock, and other fine-sized products from the original plant and
quarry. Operation of the new No. 2 plant and quarry was carried out by Interior Contracting Company under contract. In September, 1957, Pacific Silica took over the
entire operation and now runs both plants and both quarries.
The quarries are in a large lens of barren quartz exposed up the front of a bluff
that rises at the edge of the valley floor. The lens is vertical, strikes west, is 500 feet
long and 200 feet wide, and has a vertical exposed height of 278 feet. To the east the
lens plunges under the drift of the valley floor, to the north and south it is enclosed by
walls of granite porphyry, and to the west it lenses out abruptly in the granite. Two
small quartz outcrops 100 and 200 feet to the west probably are faulted segments of the
main mass.
The quartz in the lens is mostly milky white, although some patches are subtrans-
lucent pale bluish grey and other small patches, around scattered clots of pyrite, are
rusty. Some parts of the quartz body are highly fractured and others are massive. In
the fractured zones parting planes one-thirty-second to one-quarter inch apart are strongly
developed. In some places two sets of planes approximately at right angles are present,
and in others three sets not at right angles and yielding rhombohedral fragments have
formed. In the quarry face flat striated surfaces as large as 10 feet long and 3 feet wide
are visible.   These are thought to be faces of incompletely formed quartz crystals.
Impurities are scarce in the quartz. A few small patches of pyrite were seen and
small amounts of copper sulphide have been reported. Near the centre of the lens
a small patch of granular sea-green fluorite was noted. This is reported to be the remnant
of a lens from which about 321/£ tons of fluorite was shipped to markets in Washington in
1958. A small inclusion of granite was exposed in the north part of the face of the
second bench in the quarry.
The rock enclosing the quartz is a coarse-grained granite porphyry containing
rectangular feldspar crystals 1 inch long.
The contact between the quartz and granite varies. In some places the contact is
faulted or sheared. In other places the contact is gradational from granite through
highly quartzose granite to pure quartz within 3 or 4 inches. In still other places a zone
6 inches to as much as 5 feet wide consisting largely of fine flakes of mica lies between
the quartz and the granite.
The quartz is cut by several small faults.
Quarrying is carried on by means of three main benches. The lowest bench, the
old No. 1 quarry, is at the base of the exposure; the second bench, the old No. 2 quarry,
is 135 feet above No. 1; and the third bench is 25 feet above No. 2. The lip of the
quarry and top of the bluff is 118 feet above the third bench. Two small sub-benches
have been started around the northwest corner between the third bench and the quarry lip.
The quartz is blasted from the quarry face, loaded onto trucks by a diesel-driven
shovel, and hauled to the two crushing plants. Selected white rock is treated in No. 1
plant, which is adjacent to No. 1 quarry. Here the rock is crushed to — J4-inch size,
screened, and sacked. It is sold as stucco dash, roofing rock, and similar products,
chiefly in British Columbia and Alberta. At No. 2 plant, located on a small flat 1,200
feet northwest of the quarries, the crushed rock is separated into four sizes ranging from
5-inch to — ^-inch. This rock is shipped in bulk to metallurgical plants in Washington
and Oregon for making ferro-silicon and silicon carbide.
During 1958 the average crew employed, including office staff, was sixteen. Estimated production was 9,745 tons from No. 1 plant, 32,820 tons from No. 2 plant, and
15,000 tons stockpiled. Approximately 200,000 tons of quartz has been mined from
this deposit to date. 106
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The analyses of four samples taken across the quarry faces as indicated in Figure 4
are tabulated below:—
Sample
Si02
A1203
Fe
1             .                                                                	
Per Cent
97.40
97.48
98.12
98.78
Per Cent
0.70
0.75
0.86
0.61
Per Cent
0.03
2  _ ..
0.04
3   __.._  	
0.03
4                       .   .      .  ...  .   	
0 02
Note.—Samples were prepared for analysis by grinding in a porcelain ball mill so some contamination by alumina
is represented in the above results.
[References:   Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1953, p. 198;   1955, p. 102;
1956, p. 159.]
Figure 4. Oliver Silica Quarry. Petroleum and Natural Gas
By J. D. Lineham
CONTENTS
Page
Exploration  107
Development  108
Reserves  108
Production  108
Gas-gathering System  108
Pipe-lines  111
Well Records, Well Information, and Statistics  111
Well Records  111
Well Information  111
Statistics  111
Field Office   111
Well Samples   111
EXPLORATION
Twenty-one seismic parties did work during 1958. Although a few profiles were
shot in the Flathead River area south of Fernie and on Graham Island, the most northerly of the Queen Charlotte Islands, most of the surveys were made in northeastern
British Columbia and consisted of reflection shooting.
Surface geological mapping and some structure test-drilling programmes in northeastern British Columbia were continued by various oil companies. Geological surveys
were made also in other sedimentary basins. Photogeological studies were used extensively to supplement the surveys.
Exploratory drilling was concentrated in northeastern British Columbia, where
sixty wildcat wells were operated, of which two were completed as oil discoveries and
nine as gas discoveries.
A well suspended in 1957, Union-Hudson's Bay Milligan Creek No. 73-G, was
completed as a successful oil discovery in 1958. A new oilfield was discovered in the
Beatton River area, north of the Milligan Creek field, when Triad Beatton River No.
J-38-b was completed as an oil well in the Triassic Halfway formation. Late in the
year a good show of oil in the Lower Cretaceous Bluesky formation was obtained in
Triad Beatton River K-39-d well, about 5 miles west of the Triassic discovery. The
well was being tested at the end of the year.
The following wells, all discoveries, were completed as gas wells:—
Well Name Zone
Dome Basco Laprise Creek No. 35-H-94-G-8 Triassic, Baldonnel formation.
Fargo et al. Blueberry No. 17 Mississippian, Rundle group.
Gulf States Clarke Lake No. 1A Devonian, Slave Point formation.
Pacific Fort Nelson No. 1 Mississippian, Rundle group.
Pacific Imperial Jedney No. 99-J Triassic, Halfway formation.
Phillips Town 'A' No. 1 Mississippian, Rundle group.
Sinclair Canadian Atlantic No. B-5-1 Triassic, Baldonnel formation.
Sinclair Canadian Atlantic B-13-2 Triassic, Baldonnel and Halfway
formations.
Texaco N.F.A. Boundary Lake No. 7 Permo-Pennsylvanian.
107 108 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
At the close of 1958, development of the Beatton River and Milligan Creek oil areas
was progressing actively while the general search for oil and gas continued, mainly along
a trend from the Buick Creek field to the Fort Nelson area.
Wells operated in other parts of the Province were Hereon Key Evans No. 1 in the
Vancouver area, Charter et al. Saturna No. 1 on Saturna Island, and five wells drilled by
Richfield Oil Corporation on Graham Island.
DEVELOPMENT
Nineteen drilling contractors operated over forty rigs during 1958. The maximum
number of rigs active in any month was thirty-two during the month of January.
Of the 112 wells operated, twenty-three were completed as gas wells, seventeen
were completed as oil wells, fifty-one were abandoned, one was suspended, and twenty
were drilling at the end of the year. In addition, ten approved locations were awaiting
rigs. During August ten wells, previously classified as potential gas wells, were abandoned.
A total of 484,287 feet was drilled during the year, with February and July accounting for the greatest and least monthly totals of 76,385 feet and 19,273 feet, respectively.
A summary of wells drilled during 1958 is shown in Table I.
Completions made during the year increased the total potential producers to 148
gas wells and thirty-nine oil wells.
Eighteen areas were designated as oil or gas fields, and the descriptions of the Blueberry and of the previously designated Boundary Lake, Pouce Coupe, and Fort St. John
fields were amended. Information concerning all fields designated to date is given in
Table II. The number of development wells completed within these fields were: Nine
oil wells in Boundary Lake, three oil wells in Milligan Creek, three gas wells in Kobes-
Townsend, two gas wells each in East Blueberry and Blueberry, and one gas well each
in Boundary, Buick Creek, Dawson Creek, Gundy Creek, Halfway, and Fort St. John
Southeast.
RESERVES
A summary of the reserves, together with explanatory notes, is given in Table III.
The gas reserve has not increased as much as anticipated, but this situation is considered merely a temporary one in the development of northeastern British Columbia.
On the other hand, the oil reserve has increased substantially, and the time is fast approaching when an oil pipe-line will be justified.
PRODUCTION
Sixty-nine gas wells produced 64,051,785,000 cubic feet of gas and twenty-eight
oil wells produced 512,359 barrels of crude oil during the year. The highest monthly
production was in December, when 6,642,643,000 cubic feet of gas and 68,180 barrels
of oil were produced.
Westcoast Transmission Company Limited purchased the gas production. The
crude oil was delivered to refineries at Dawson Creek and Grande Prairie, Alta.
A summary of the monthly production of gas, oil, and products recovered at the
McMahon plant is given in Table IV.
Gas-gathering System
The gas-gathering system, owned and operated by Westcoast Transmission Company Limited, extends from the plant at Taylor southeast to the Peace River area of
northwestern Alberta and northwest along the Alaska Highway, tapping one of the largest PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 109
potential gas-producing areas in Canada. The wet, sour gas part of the system supplies
the McMahon gas-processing plant. The main part of the system consists of 3.9 miles
of 12%-inch line to the Fort St. John Southeast field and 8 miles of 18-inch fine to the
Fort St. John field; 38 miles of 26-inch line, 17.8 miles of 20-inch line, 18 miles of
18-inch line, and 11 miles of 12%-inch line extend to the Highway field just beyond
Mile-post 121 on the Alaska Highway.
The laterals, which service the gas-producing areas, consist of 2.9 miles of 41/2-inch
line to the Red Creek field, 6.4 miles of 8%-inch line and an extension of 7.4 miles of
41/i-inch line to the Stoddart area and Montney field, 15.7 miles of 20-inch line to the
Buick Creek field, 20 miles of 12%-inch line to the Halfway and Kobes field and an
extension of 5.5 miles of 8%-inch line to the Townsend wells, 6 miles of 8%-inch line
to the Blueberry and West Blueberry fields, and 6 miles of 10%-inch line to the Gundy
Creek field.
This gathering system is designed to transport between 300 and 400 millions of
cubic feet of raw gas plus several thousand barrels of liquid hydrocarbons per day.
The dry-gas part of the system in British Columbia is located south of the Peace
River. It delivers dry gas from two British Columbia fields and from Alberta to the
30-inch main transmission-line near the McMahon plant. The main 26-inch gathering-
line extends 37 miles to the British Columbia-Alberta boundary, and from it 8%-inch
laterals extend 5.45 miles to the Dawson Creek field and 6.7 miles to the Kiskatinaw
field.
Gas Plant and Refinery Installations in the Peace River District
The McMahon gas scrubbing and refining plant, one of the world's largest of its
kind, is at Taylor on the banks of the Peace River about 36 miles northwest of Dawson
Creek. The final unit of the plant went into operation in mid-February, 1958. The
purpose of the plant is to separate the condensate from the sour, wet natural gas gathered from wells in the area, sweeten and dehydrate the gas, extract recoverable liquid
hydrocarbons, and convert them into final products including propane, butane, finished
motor and aviation fuels, kerosene, and diesel oil.
The major processing facilities are: Amine-treating and solid absorbent type dehydration, absorption, and distillation, light ends fractionation, condensate stabilization
and fractionation, and hydrogen treating and catalytic reforming.
The scrubbing plant, owned by Westcoast Transmission Company Limited and
operated by Pacific Petroleums Ltd., has a capacity sufficient to treat some 345 million
cubic feet of raw gas per day to produce 300 million cubic feet of pipe-line gas. The
plant capacity can be increased with only minor alteration to produce 400 million cubic
feet of pipe-line gas per day.
The adjacent refinery, owned jointly by Phillips Petroleum Company, of Bartles-
ville, Oklahoma, and Pacific Petroleums Ltd., and operated by Pacific Petroleums Ltd.,
has a capacity of approximately 3,000 barrels per day. The refining plant takes the
liquid fractions from the gas scrubbing plant and refines them to make the finished
products.
The sulphur recovery plant, with a capacity of 425 tons per day, is owned and
operated by Jefferson Lake Petrochemicals of Canada, Ltd., a subsidiary of Jefferson
Lake Sulphur Company of the United States.
The refinery at Dawson Creek, owned by Pacific Petroleums Ltd. and Phillips
Petroleum Company, has a capacity of approximately 2,500 barrels per day that will be
increased to 3,500 barrels per day by the end of 1959. This refinery processes asphaltic
crude to supply the local market with asphalt paving for the Alaska Highway. 110
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Richfield Mic-Mac-Homestead Nadu River No. 1 well drilling on Graham Island.
Well head with pump in operation, Fort St. John oilfield. PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 111
Pipe-lines
The initial daily capacity of Westcoast Transmission Company's 650-mile-long
30-inch pipe-line is reported to be 400 million cubic feet of natural gas, with four compressor stations. A maximum capacity of 660 million cubic feet per day can be obtained
with the addition of more compressor stations.
Natural gas is distributed in British Columbia chiefly by Inland Natural Gas Co.
Ltd. and British Columbia Electric Company Limited. The former company has 360
miles of main transmission-line, branch lines, and distribution systems, extending from
Savona to Kamloops, Salmon Arm, Vernon, Kelowna, Penticton, Rossland, Trail, and
Nelson.   Communities adjacent to the line draw natural gas from it.
Natural gas for export to the United States is delivered at Huntington to Pacific
Northwest Pipeline Corporation.
WELL RECORDS, WELL INFORMATION, AND STATISTICS
Well Records
The Petroleum and Natural Gas Branch maintains complete records of all exploratory and development wells drilled within the Province. Daily drilling reports on every
well drilled are submitted each week by the operator and, on the completion of the well,
a formal well-history report, including copies of all logs, drill-stem test results, analyses,
and general well information, as well as geological, engineering, and completion summaries are required.   The information is condensed and recorded on well cards.
The production of crude oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas products and
sulphur is reported monthly by producers and plant operators on forms provided by the
Department. The information is recorded on a card system and indexed according to
well, pool, and field.
Well Information
One of the main functions of the Branch is the collection, compilation, and classification of data concerning the exploration, drilling, and production phases of the oil
and gas industry in the Province. All non-confidential data are made available at a
nominal charge to interested persons, by opening records for examination, by reproduction of records, or by publication. Certain information remains confidential for a specific
period of time to afford reasonable protection to the operator.
Statistics
The Branch publishes monthly the Drilling and Land Report and also the Monthly
Oil and Gas Report comprising summaries on drilling and production.
Field Office
The Department maintains a field staff at Dawson Creek to enforce the regulations
under the " Petroleum and Natural Gas Act " in northeastern British Columbia. Inspections are made of all phases of the drilling and production activity, which includes drilling
rigs, completed oil and gas wells, tank batteries, gas meters, and abandoned locations.
Production tests, sampling procedures, and various pressure tests are also witnessed or
carried out by the Department personnel.
Well Samples
Unless otherwise directed, any operator who drills a well for petroleum or natural
gas is required to take a sample of bit cuttings at least every 10 feet of depth. 112 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
All material from core samples must be preserved in labelled boxes not more than
36 inches long and must be delivered to the Department when required. Normally all
cores from wells drilled in northeastern British Columbia are stored in the Department
of Mines core-storage depot in Pouce Coupe. However, since the depot became filled
in September, 1957, each operator has been required to provide temporary core storage.
Cores taken during 1958 from wells drilled in the Vancouver area, on Saturna Island,
and on Graham Island are stored at Victoria.
Samples of all well cuttings are forwarded by the operator to the stratigraphic
laboratory in Victoria. A part of each 10-foot sample is washed, dried, and filed in a
labelled glass bottle in sequence with other samples from the same well. A complete
set of samples from each well is available for examination at Victoria. Two additional
sets of samples are bottled and shipped—one to the laboratory of the Geological Survey
of Canada at Calgary and one, since January, 1958, to the Petroleum and Natural Gas
Branch field office at 1805 One Hundred and Eighth Avenue, Dawson Creek. During
1958, 30,938 samples were washed and bottled in Victoria. PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS
113
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M M (5 (3 (5 116 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
Table II.—Oil and Gas Fields Designated at December 31st, 1958
Field
Date
Designated
Date
Revised
Pools1
General
Classification
Field Location
Number
of Wells
in Field
Blueberry - 	
East Blueberry	
West Blueberry	
Boundary Lake	
Buick Creek	
West Buick Creek-
Dawson Creek	
Fort St. John.- _
Fort St. John Airport	
Fort St. John Southeast-
Gundy Creek 	
Halfway 	
Highway 	
Kiskatinaw	
West Kiskatinaw..
Kobes-Townsend..
Milligan Creek-	
Montney 	
Pouce Coupe	
Red Creek _
Sunrise 	
Feb.
Dec
Feb.
Oct.
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Aug
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Dec
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Feb.
Aug
Feb,
Feb
7, 1958
22,1958
7, 1958
30, 1956
7, 1958
7, 1958
7,1958
.22,1955
7, 1958
7, 1958
7, 1958
22,1958
7, 1958
7,1958
7, 1958
7, 1958
7,1958
7, 1958
.22,1955
7, 1958
7, 1958
Dec. 22, 1958
Feb. 7, 1958
Feb. 7,1958
Feb. 7, 1958
4, 6, 10
6, 8,10
4,6
7,8
5,8
2, 5, 6, 8
1
2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9
3,6,8
3, 6, 8, 9
4,6,7
6,8
4, 6, 10
11
7
3, 7, 8, 10
8
2, 7, 8, 9
1
8,9
1
Gas and oil
Gas
Gas
Gas and oil
Gas
Gas and oil
Gas
Gas and oil
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
Oil
Gas
Gas
Gas
Gas
N.T.S. 94-A-12
N.T.S. 94-A-13
N.T.S. 94-A-12
Tp. 85, R. 14
N.T.S. 94-A-ll
N.T.S. 94-A-14
Tp. 79, R. 15
Tp. 83, R. 18
Tp. 83, R. 17
Tp. 83, R. 17
N.T.S. 94-B-16
Tp. 87, R. 25
N.T.S. 94-B-16
Tp. 81, R. 15
Tp. 81, R. 17
N.T.S. 94-B-9
N.T.S. 94-H-2
Tp. 86, R. 19, 20
Tp. 80, R. 13
Tp. 85, R. 21
Tp. 79, R. 16
11
2
3
22
4
14
4
33
3
15
4
3
5
1
1
7
4
5
2
2
3
1 Pools listed numerically :-
1—Cadotte.
2—Gething.
3—Cadomin.
4—Nikanassin.
5—Buick Creek Sandstone.
6—Triassic (Baldonnel).
7—Triassic (Charlie Lake).
8—Triassic (Halfway).
9—Permo-Pennsylvanian.
10—Mississippian.
11—Devonian.
Table HI.—Proved Reserves of Recoverable Oil, Gas, and Gas By-products
at December 31st, 1958
Crude Oil1
Raw Gas
Disposable
Gas
Gas Liquids
Sulphur
Reserves remaining at end of 1957-
Production during 1958-
Adjustments made during 19583~
Reserves found during 1958-
Reserves remaining at end of 1958-
Barrels
21,266,800
512,359
20,297,400
41,051,841
Million Cu. Ft.
1,735,000
64,052
—228,448
463,900
1,906,400
Million Cu. Ft.
1,555,098
58,040
—202,158
421,700
1,716,600
Barrels
39,228,350
1,543,525^
—5,688,503
11,030,200
43,026,522
Short Tons
1,494,321
62,9862
—99,425
283,763
1,615,673
1 The reserve of crude oil is based on an average recovery factor of 23.2 per cent.   Where justified by structural
conditions, the proved reserve in some instances is taken as 50 per cent of the probable reserve.
2 The production of gas liquids and sulphur are the quantities estimated from gas analyses to have been produced
with the raw gas, both sweet and sour, and are not the quantities actually extracted.
3 Reserves are continually under revision as data are provided by additional drilling and production. PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS
117
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Eh Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries
By J. W. Peck, Chief Inspector of Mines
PRODUCTION-
CONTENTS
Page
  118
Fatal Accidents  11 g
Fatal Accidents and Accidents Involving Loss of Time  121
Dangerous Occurrences      123
Prosecutions    125
Explosives Used in Mines  125
Underground Diesel Equipment  126
Dust Control and Ventilation  126
Mine-rescue, Safety, and First Aid  128
John T. Ryan Trophy  131
British Columbia Mining Association, Safety Division  131
West Kootenay Mine Safety Association Trophy  131
PRODUCTION
The output of metal mines for 1958 was 6,402,198 tons. This tonnage was produced from forty-seven mines, of which twenty-eight produced 100 tons or more.
FATAL ACCIDENTS
During 1958 there were four fatal accidents connected with mining operations in
metal mines and quarries. This was four less than in 1957. There were 3,728 persons
employed below and above ground in metal mines, and 625 person employed in concentrators in 1958.
The ratio of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons employed in mines and concentrators
was 0.92, as compared with 1.41 in 1957.
Tonnage mined per fatal accident during the last ten-year period was 813,275 tons.
The following table shows the mines at which fatal accidents occurred during 1958,
with comparative figures for 1957: —
Mine
Mining Division
Number of Fatal Accidents
1958
1957
1
1
1
1
3
Atlin	
1
Atlin 	
2
1
Vancouver   	
1
4
8
118 INSPECTION of mines
119
The following table classifies fatal accidents as to cause and location:—
Cause Number Location
Fall of ground     2 Underground.
Struck by rolling rock     1 Underground.
Drowned     1 Surface.
Total     4
A description of all fatal accidents follows.
John Daniel MacDonald, aged 52, Canadian, married, and employed as a miner
at Canadian Exploration Limited, Salmo, was killed by a rolling rock in the 3556 scram
drift in the Emerald mine on July 27th, 1958, at about 11.35 a.m.
The 3556 scram drift rises to the north for about 150 feet at an angle of about 25
degrees. An open stope, above and to the east, provides the ore for the scram drift.
A 10-horsepower air slusher hoist is set up at the south end of the drift, and it moves a
36-inch scraper down the slope to the grizzly in front of the hoist.
There were no witnesses to the accident. MacDonald was operating the slusher
at lunch time, and when his partner returned one-half hour later, MacDonald was found
slumped over the controls with the motor running. The top of his skull was crushed.
A disk-shaped rock weighing about 400 pounds was lying at his side. It is assumed the
rock tumbled into the scraping channel and then rolled down the slusher trench, gaining
sufficient momentum to continue across the grizzly to strike MacDonald with considerable force.
An inquest was held at Salmo on July 31st and the coroner's jury returned the following verdict: —
"We, the jury, duly sworn and empaneled July 28th, 1958, to enquire into the
death of John Daniel MacDonald do find that the deceased John Daniel MacDonald of
Salmo, B.C., came to his death from a fractured skull caused by a flying rock received
while working underground at the Emerald mine. He died between 11.35 a.m. and
12.05 p.m. July 27th, 1958. We feel that no blame is attached to anyone. We do
however feel that the Company management give consideration to placing of guards in
front of slusher hoists operating where scraping angle is over 15 degrees."
No previous incidents of rolling rock had been reported for this scraper drift, and
thus the hazard had not been foreseen. However, it is apparent some sort of guard
might have halted or diverted the rock, and thus the verdict is concurred with. It has
also been recommended that for similar set-ups the slusher hoist could be located in an
offset or less-exposed position.
Robert Gordon Chisan, aged 26, Canadian, married, and employed as a miner at
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Limited, Merritt, was instantly killed by a fall of rock
at the face of the 3500 level adit on November 1st, 1958, at 2.05 p.m.
The 3500 level adit is 9 by 9 feet in finished size and had been driven 547 feet
from the portal at the time of the accident. For the first 350 to 400 feet the drift was
in overburden. At about 400 feet from the portal the drift entered weak rock which
was broken by fractures and slips with smooth, slickensided surfaces. The drift was
timbered from portal to face with 10- by 10-inch sets comprising posts, sill, and cap-
piece. These were normally set about 4 feet apart, but in places were set as close as
1 foot apart. The backs of the sets were lagged with 3- by 10-inch timber. From the
last set to the face, spiling was driven. This comprised 10-foot diamond-drill rods which
were driven about 4 inches apart into holes drilled in the face.
On the day of the accident Chisan was working with W. Ryder and E. Grams, the
latter being the drift leader. On the previous shift the upper portion of the cut had
been mucked out and the spiling rods had been driven forward and set in position.   At 120 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
about noon the men drilled and blasted three short lifters. These were 2-foot holes with
one stick of powder in each (very little blasting was required in this ground). Chisan
then mucked out the face, loading about ten cars, and having done this he extended the
air-duct and water-pipe. Meanwhile, Grams barred down the face and, as stated later,
was of the impression that the ground seemed to be getting harder.
The men then set the sill in position, after which they all went out to fetch the
timber for the posts and cap-piece. While the men were out fetching timber, Stan Hill,
the tunnel foreman, went in and examined the face. He found everything normal at this
time. The men then returned to the face and began to erect the set. Grams and Ryder
set the post on the right side of the drift and were bracing it while Chisan was cleaning
muck off the sill on the left side ready to set the other post. Stan Hill was standing on
the right side of the drift supervising the work. Suddenly the men heard a sound of
falling rock and when they looked around they saw that a large piece of rock had rolled
off the bottom part of the left side of the face and had fallen on Chisan, knocking him
to the floor of the drift and trapping him. The rock was originally about 4 by 4 by 1 Va
feet, weighing about 600 pounds, but broke into three pieces after it had struck Chisan
and fell to the floor of the drift. The men quickly released Chisan, but he was apparently dead. He was brought out of the mine and taken to Merritt hospital, where he
was examined by Dr. Hewson and found to be dead. Death was later found to be due
to multiple fractures involving the base of the skull with severe brain damage.
The inquest was held on November 10th at the Merritt court-house. The verdict
was as follows:—
" We, the jury, find that Robert Gordon Chisan met his death at the Birkett Creek
mine at about 2 p.m. on November 1st due to a fall of rock. The cause of death was
multiple fractures of the skull.   We find that no blame is to be attached to anyone."
The verdict of the inquest is concurred with. The ground was known to be very
weak and badly fractured. It was difficult to scale effectively, but most of the broken
material was small in size. Every part of the adit had been well timbered throughout,
and further safety measures are difficult to suggest other than continual, careful observation and checking of the face. The most dangerous operation is undoubtedly the timbering, as this is the time when men must stand closest to the face. It would appear
from the position of Chisan after the accident that he probably was partly turned with
his back to the face at the time.
Fred William Giesen, aged 65, Canadian, and working as a self-employed miner
in the Pine Creek Placer mine near Atlin, was smothered by a fall of ground at the face
of a short adit on November 11th, 1958, at about 3.30 p.m.
The adit in which the accident occurred had been driven 16 feet from the portal.
It was a prospect drift and was in unconsolidated material. It was 9 feet wide and timbered, but the timber used was very old and dried out and all 6 inches or less in diameter.
No footsills or dividers were installed. On the day of the accident the deceased's partner, Karl Sieger, an inexperienced miner, was working upstream about 500 feet away.
He observed Giesen at 3 p.m., but when he visited the adit at 3.40 p.m. he discovered
a cave-in near the face and presumed Giesen was buried. Sieger could do little without
help, and this was obtained shortly after from Atlin, 6 miles away. The body was recovered from under 3Vi feet of gravel and sand. Artificial respiration was given but without success.
Later investigation revealed that a set of timber had broken at the face, permitting
a run of loose gravel and sand. From the position of the body it would appear Giesen
had tried to escape, but had been struck by the run, rendered unconscious, and, when
covered by sand, suffocated.
The accident was due to poor timbering being done, and it would seem that the
deceased, although an experienced man, had complete disregard for his own safety. INSPECTION OF MINES 121
George Humphrys, aged 63 years, Canadian, married, and employed as master
mechanic at Texada Mines Ltd., Vananda, lost his life by drowning on December 9th,
1958, at 12.15 p.m.
At the inquest held in Powell River on December 12th, 1958, the Coroner's jury
brought in the following verdict:—
" We, the members of the jury, find that George Humphrys came to his death by
drowning as a result of a motor vehicle accident about 2 miles from Gillies Bay, Texada
Island, B.C., on the private road of Texada Mines Ltd., on the 9th day of December
between 12 noon and 1.00 p.m., with no blame attached to anyone."
The private road of Texada Mines Ltd. extends from the camp to the open-pit iron
mine, a distance of 4 miles. About 2 miles from the mine the road curves and crosses
a sand and gravel fill about 400 feet long and 20 feet deep. The road is about 25 feet
wide. It is usual procedure for the staff to leave the mine at 12 noon in various trucks
and motor-vehicles, almost in convoy, and travel to the camp for lunch. On December
9th this procedure was carried out. George Humphrys was the last to leave, but did
not show up for lunch. The driver of one of the trucks returning from lunch at about
12.35 p.m. noticed peculiar tracks leading off the road where it crosses the fill. He investigated and found a motor-vehicle lying upside down in 6 feet of accumulated water
behind the fill. No one was in the truck and some time elapsed before the body of
Humphrys was located by probing from a boat.
The pond was drained, but nothing else was found. The truck involved was in
good driving condition. It is thought that Humphrys, being late for lunch, might have
been travelling too fast on entering the curve and lost control, to run off the road. There
were no skid marks to indicate the brakes had been used.
FATAL ACCIDENTS AND ACCIDENTS INVOLVING LOSS OF TIME
Four fatal accidents and 139 accidents involving a loss of time of seven days or
more were reported to the Department. These were investigated and reported on by
the Inspectors of Mines.
The following three tables classify these accidents as to cause, occupation, and as
to the parts of the body injured. The fourth table lists all compensable non-fatal accidents over a ten-year period and relates these accidents to the number of persons employed and tons mined.
Accidents Causing Death or Injury Classified as to Cause
Number of Percentage
Cause Accidents of Total
Blasting  1 0.7
Falls of ground  22 15.4
Falls of material and flying material  9 6.3
Falls from ladders, staging, etc.  2 1.4
Slipping and falling  36 25.1
Lifting and handling material, etc.  37 25.9
Machinery and tools  17 11.9
Run of ore or waste  3 2.1
Burns and shock   3 2.1
Miscellaneous  13 9.1
Totals  143 100.0 122 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Accidents Causing Death or Injury Classified as to the
Occupation of Those Injured
Number of Percentage
Occupation                                                                                 Accidents of Total
Underground—
Barmen        4 2.8
Chutemen       4 2.8
Haulagemen     12 8.4
Miners .     74 51.7
Muckers        8 5.6
Timbermen        9 6.3
Repairmen        6 4.2
Trackmen and pipe-fitters       2 1.4
Skip-tenders        1 0.7
Miscellaneous       9 6.3
Supervisors and staff       4 2.8
Surface—
Shops        1 0.7
Mill        2 1.4
Surface, general       7 4.9
Totals  143 100.0
Accidents Causing Injury Classified as to Parts of the Body Injured
Number of Percentage
Location                                                                                Accidents of Total
Head and neck     11 7.7
Eyes        5 3.5
Trunk     10 7.0
Back (including shoulders)       37 25.9
Arms (including wrists)      11 7.7
Hands and fingers      21 14.6
Legs and ankles     28 19.6
Feet     16 11.2
Fatal        4 2.8
Totals  143 100.0
Compensable Non-fatal Accidents Related to Tons Mined
and Men Employed
Year
Number of
Compensable
Accidents
Number of
Persons
Employed
Frequency
per 1,000
Persons
Tons Mined
1949                                         	
1,161
1,051
1,170
1,345
965
790
756
694
627
485
6,961
7,073
8,787
9,610
7,105
6,293
6,208
6,507
5,678
4,353
167
148
133
140
136
126
107
122
110
111
6,125,460
1950                                     	
6,802,482
1951                             	
6,972,400
1952  	
9,174,617
1953 - -  --	
1954      -                -	
9,660,281
8,513,865
1955                                                             	
9,126,902
8,827,037
7,282,436
6,402,198
1956       	
1957 -  ~     	
1958   _..___	 INSPECTION OF MINES 123
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES
Twenty-two dangerous occurrences were reported as required by section 9 of the
" Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act" and were investigated by the Inspectors of
Mines.   This represents an increase of 22 per cent from the eighteen reported for 1957.
Of these occurrences, nine were connected with hoisting, six with explosives, two
with electricity, two with subsidence, one with fire, one with gas inflow, and one with
rock bump.
On February 24th, 1958, an explosion took place when a miner at the Reeves
MacDonald mine apparently drilled into a small amount of explosives not detonated by
the previous blast. He was not injured. It was ruled he had not thoroughly examined
the face previous to drilling and, as a consequence, his blasting certificate was suspended
for a period of three months.
On March 16th, 1958, at the Bluebell mine a short circuit in the ventilating system
allowed a dangerous concentration of carbon dioxide gas, which was being released from
the rock strata, to accumulate in the main shaft area between No. 8 and No. 6 levels.
The ventilating system was revised and the gas was removed before any person suffered
from it.
On March, 1958, a fire of unknown origin destroyed a warehouse and its contents
at the New Cronin Babine mine.
On April 15th, 1958, the cage-tender at the No. 3 shaft of Pioneer mine was
preparing to clean out the east skip, for which operation it was necessary to raise the skip
high in the dump. While the hoistman was doing so, the bottom limit switch on the west
side came into operation and the power kicked off. Using the backout switch, the hoist-
man raised the west skip about 4 feet after disengaging the clutch on the east side. The
hoistman attempted to re-engage the clutch, but before it was fully engaged he released
the brake and the west skip then fell freely past the limit switch, which set the brakes.
This stopped the skip after the drum turned about 12 feet beyond the bottom limit, which
was sufficient to allow the rope to twist into two tight loops. There was no damage to the
skip and, as no one was riding, there was no injuries.
On May 8th, 1958, the surface skips at the Merry Widow mine of Empire Development Company Limited ran away, with resultant damage to the hoisting-rope and other
equipment. The hoistman was lowering ore at the time. The hoist, which was powered
by a wound rotor induction motor, was held to full speed, when lowering a load, by
regenerative braking. However, at the time of the incident the generators were tripped
off the line either by reverse current generated by the hoist motor or inadvertently from
some other cause. This left the motor without excitation current and, since no power
would be produced, the hoist ran away. Unfortunately, the auxiliary automatic brake
was inoperative as it had just previously been dismantled for repairs. The operating
brakes are applied hydraulically, assisted by weights, but with the power off the weights
alone did not apply sufficient pressure to effect a quick stop. The skips reached the end
of the run with sufficient speed to shear the cable clamps and this allowed the rope to slide
down the incline. It had to be discarded. Adjustments were made to the braking system
to prevent a recurrence of this incident.
On May 13th, 1958, the north skip in the inclined No. 5 shaft of Pioneer mine
jumped the track when travelling down empty and became wedged in the shaft. Derailment was evidently due to a rock becoming wedged in the bottom guide shoe.
On May 24th, 1958, a large area of the tailings dump at the Mineral King mine
collapsed suddenly and slid into Toby Creek. A workman employed on the dump
managed to scramble to safety. It is suspected a section of the dump had become
undermined by water. 124 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
On June 7th, 1958, four electricians were removing a 2,300-volt oil switch in the
Jersey mine of Canadian Exploration Limited when the foreman inadvertently closed the
main switch from another location. Severe arcing took place, but the workmen were
able to leave the working-place without injury. As a result of this incident, changes were
made in operational procedure so that it would be necessary for each employee working
on equipment powered by electricity to lock the control switch in the open position with
his own padlock and each person so doing to remove only his own padlock on completion
of the work.
On July 2nd, 1958, a timber-car, which had been hung below the cage in the No. 2
shaft of Pioneer mine, swung loose in the shaft and several shaft timbers were broken
when the cage was lowered. The timber-car has retractable guide-shoes which either had
not been locked in position or had become disengaged.
On July 7th, 1958, a descending cage in the No. 2 shaft of Pioneer mine was stopped
by a shaft timber which had loosened and projected into the cage compartment of the
shaft. About 2,000 feet of rope was unwound from the hoist drum before the incident
was discovered. Two men were in the cage but neither was injured. The rope was
sufficiently damaged to require replacement.
On July 21st, 1958, a miner was trapped by a run of muck from a draw-hole in
a slusher drift in the Sullivan mine while he was preparing to bulldoze a hang-up in the
draw-hole. He was buried up to his shoulders and on removal was found to have suffered
a broken leg. He was alone at the time of the incident, and thus it is fortunate the fuse
for the bulldoze had not been ignited.
On July 26th, 1958, a slusherman was preparing to bulldoze seven large rocks in
a scram drift in the Reeves MacDonald mine. He was in the process of lighting the third
bulldoze when one of the other two ignited charges exploded. Seven to ten sticks of
Stopeite were in the charge, but fortunately the slusherman was shielded from the direct
line of fire by a large boulder. He suffered a ruptured ear-drum and shock, but was led
to safety by a near-by miner before the other charges exploded. It is believed that the
premature explosion was caused by a rock rolling down from a draw-point and striking
one of the ignited charges.
On August 6th, 1958, a workman at the Cowichan Copper mine suffered a broken
leg and a severe gash on the chin when he returned too soon to the scene of a blast. He
had lit two shots but returned on hearing one report. The workman did not have
a blasting certificate and apparently acted on his own initiative.
On August 8th, 1958, the floor of a section of drift in No. 8 level of the Bluebell
mine suddenly heaved up a height of 1 foot. The drift was being driven close to a zone
where carbon dioxide gas and water had been released. This area had been cement
grouted under high pressure, and it was thought that this pressure had relieved itself
through the heaving of the floor of the drift.
On September 8th, 1958, an aluminum angle forming part of the bail of the skip in
the No. 3 shaft of Pioneer mine broke while muck was being dumped. The hoistman
suspected something was wrong, and thus the defect was discovered before there were
more serious consequences.
On October 22nd, 1958, a load of diamond-drill rods 10 feet long became loose
while being hoisted in the cage in the No. 2 shaft of Pioneer mine. The rods, standing
vertically, had been chained together slightly below the mid-point. Considerable damage
was caused to the cage and the shaft timber.
On October 24th, 1958, there was considerable damage to the hoisting-rope and
shaft guides of the No. 1 shaft, Cariboo Gold Quartz mine, when the cage became stuck
in the cage compartment and the unwinding rope looped into the adjoining skip compartment, to be caught by the ascending skip. The incident occurred during the initial run
at the start of a shift, and thus no persons were involved. INSPECTION OF MINES
125
On October 28th, 1958, a violent explosion occurred at a blacksmith's forge in the
surface car-repair shop at the Sullivan mine while two U/i-inch hollow extension sprags
were being heated preparatory to sharpening the points. The sprags were destroyed, and
fragments of the sprags were blown through the roof of the building. Fifty panes of
glass in windows at various points in the building were also smashed by the blast. Five
men were injured, four of whom had minor superficial wounds which did not result in loss
of work. An inquiry held at the mine failed to disclose the cause of the explosion, but
it is suspected there was some explosive in one of the sprags.
On November 18th, 1958, two men at the French mine received flash burns to then-
eyes from an electric arc which occurred while they were attempting to close a crusher-
motor magnetic starter switch with the door of the control box open and the power on.
Instructions have been issued which prohibit the closing of any switch until the door is
closed and secured.
On December 4th, 1958, the skip in the No. 2 inclined shaft of Reeves MacDonald
mine was derailed during descent. It proceeded in this manner for 50 feet, coming to
rest against a divider. The hoistman stopped the hoist when he noticed the motor
amperage had decreased. Two men were in the skip but were not injured. The cause
of the derailment was not revealed, but guides have been installed to prevent a recurrence
of this type of incident.
On December 9th, 1958, two miners employed at the 42-H-5 raise at the Sullivan
mine inadvertently ignited a quantity of primacord which had fallen into the raise during
blasting operations. Three workmen at the bottom of the raise narrowly escaped injury.
The blasting certificates of the two miners were suspended for a month for not taking
sufficient precautions.
On December 9th, 1958, a small explosion occurred at the Reeves MacDonald mine
when a slusherman struck a rock with a large rock hammer. The workman was struck
in the face by rock particles, his safety glasses were broken, and he was knocked down.
It is believed that a small amount of explosives had been on the rock and had detonated
on being struck.
PROSECUTIONS
Gold Dot Mining Company Limited was prosecuted at Boston Bar on November
28th, 1958, under General Rule 24 {a) of the "Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act"
for erecting an unapproved magazine on a road to its mining property west of Kanaka.
The company pleaded guilty and was fined $15 and costs.
Sheep Creek Mines Limited was prosecuted by the Fish and Game Branch of the
Department of Recreation and Conservation at Kimberley on June 28th, 1958, for allowing mill tailings from the Mineral King mine to pollute Toby Creek {see " Dangerous
Occurrences ").   The company was found guilty and fined $25 and costs.
There were violations of the provisions of the "Metalliferous Mines Regulation
Act" in regard to the use of explosives and blasting procedure. Six offenders had their
blasting certificates suspended from one to twelve months, according to the type of
offence.
EXPLOSIVES USED IN MINES
The table below shows the quantities of explosives and blasting accessories used in
metal mines and quarries in British Columbia in 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, and 1958:— 126
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
1954 Total
1955 Total
1956 Total
1957 Total
1958 Total
1958
Mines        Quarries
High explosives (lb.) 	
Blasting-caps   - 	
Electric blasting-caps  	
Delay   electric   blasting-caps   (short
period)    _
Delay electric blasting-caps (sure-fire
delays and X107 delays)..	
Primacord (ft.)
B-line detonating fuse (ft.)..
Safety fuse (ft.)-	
Ignitercord (ft.) _ _,
Ignitercord connectors	
Ammonium nitrate ____.
7,652,574
1,815,250
232,270
191,513
70,300
824,000
13,429,800
206,180
160,501
8,420,791
1,982,900
151,685
283,000
144,875
399,000
17,744,900
418,800
371,000
8,560,000
2,184,000
52,000
205,000
263,000
226,000
2,436,000
17,218,000
498,000
563,000
7,103,000
1,676,000
64,000
160,000
127,000
261,000
2,049,000
13,367,000
639,000
750,000
5,000
5,485,000
1,244,000
84,000
129,000
128,000
574,000
2.197,000
11,272,000
469,000
610,000
190,000
5,179,000
1,194,000
46,000
118,000
128,000
460,000
2,017,000
11,010,000
464,000
604,000
160,000
306,000
50,000
38,000
11,000
114,000
180,000
262,000
5,000
6,000
30,000
A drop of 12.08 per cent in quantity of ore mined for 1958 as compared to that
mined in 1957 is mainly responsible for the drop of 23 per cent in high explosives used
over the same period. This drop in high explosives was offset somewhat by the large
increase in the use of ammonium nitrate, which first made its appearance as a blasting
agent in British Columbia in 1957. This compound, when sensitized with fuel-oil, constitutes a powerful explosive. As such the preparation comes under the control of the
Chief Inspector of Explosives at Ottawa. Written permission must first be obtained from
him before the blasting agent can be mixed or used. Permission must also be obtained
from the Chief Inspector of Mines, Victoria, when the blasting agent is used in mines and
quarries in British Columbia. Four permits were issued in 1958, bringing the total to
six—three to open-pit mines and three to quarries. The main condition of the permits
was that the blending of " prilled " ammonium nitrate with fuel oil take place on site as
it is being loaded into the bore-hole, or just previous to this. Ammonium nitrate and
fuel oil is not a permissible explosive for underground use.
UNDERGROUND DIESEL EQUIPMENT
There were no significant changes in underground diesel equipment in 1958. Locomotives in use amounted to sixteen, and miscellaneous pieces of equipment, such as
trucks, loaders, bulldozers, etc., totalled about thirty. Three of the locomotives were used
in coal mines; the remainder of the equipment was used in metal mines.
No unsatisfactory working conditions were reported where this equipment was used.
The upper permissible limit of carbon monoxide in diesel exhaust gases was lowered to
0.1 per cent from 0.25 per cent unless laboratory methods of analysis are used. There
is a real need of portable equipment for accurate analysis.
DUST CONTROL AND VENTILATION
Inflows of carbon dioxide gas at Bluebell, high mine-air temperatures in the deep
workings at Bralorne, release of sulphur dioxide gas from backfill at Sullivan, dry drilling
at an asbestos mine, and dry drilling and crushing at gypsum and limestone quarries were
special problems requiring the attention of the mine operators and the Inspectors of
Mines. Continuing progress was made in improving ventilation to remove the normal
mining contaminants of dust, diesel exhaust fumes, blasting gases, etc.
Dust counts and ventilation surveys were also made by the staff of the Chief Inspector, Silicosis Branch of the Workmen's Compensation Board, and the results of these
surveys were made available to the Chief Inspector of Mines. The following information
is taken from the report " Summary of Dust Conditions at British Columbia Metalliferous
Mines during the Year 1958 ":— INSPECTION OF MINES
127
" 1. During the year 1958, sixty-one ventilation and dust control surveys were made
at the metalliferous mines of British Columbia. These were made at forty-three mining
operations, eighteen of which were inspected for the second time.
" 2. The main object of this inspection work is to lower the amount of dust breathed
by the workmen as much as possible. It is not known what concentration of silica dust
is considered safe to breathe without producing silicosis, as several other factors besides
the dust concentration must be taken into consideration. The figure of 300 particles
per cc. of air has been chosen as an objective to work towards. When this figure is
attained, it indicates a very great improvement over conditions existing several years ago.
" 3. Blasting operations produce dense concentrations of dust but the workmen are
generally not subjected to this dust or subjected to it for short periods of time only.
Most of the blasting operations can be arranged to occur at the ends of the shifts and
allow sufficient time for ventilation to remove the dust from the workings before the
following shift goes to work. A certain amount of blasting operations, such as in chutes,
may be considered necessary so that the production of ore may not be interfered with but
this should be reduced to the very minimum.
" 4. Stoper drilling operations underground consistently produce the highest concentrations of dust during the time the men are working. The dust counts used to be 2,000
or more particles per cc. of air at these operations. Fifty-eight per cent of the surveys
made in 1958 gave averages of less than 1,000 particles.
"5. At leyner, jackleg and plugger drilling operations underground the dust concentrations are not as high as at stoper drilling operations. Since most of the surveys gave
less than 1,000 particles, it is probably better to adopt the figure of 500 particles for the
purpose of comparison. Sixty-one per cent of the surveys gave averages of less than
500 particles per cc of air.
" 6. The averages for All Other Underground Locations ' are very satisfactory.
Ninety-three per cent of the surveys made during 1958 gave averages of less than 300
particles. The percentages for the past nine years have remained fairly constant, varying
between 76 and 93 per cent. This condition is particularly satisfactory when considering
the fact that the great majority of the men work in this lower dust concentration.
"7. The dust concentrations in the crushing plants during 1952 were not satisfactory. During 1953 and subsequent years, a special effort was made to control the dust
in these plants and satisfactory results have been obtained. Seventy-one per cent of the
surveys made in 1958 gave averages of less than 300 particles per cc. of air.
" 8. Eighty-four per cent of the surveys made in assay grinding rooms gave averages
of less than 300 particles. This is very satisfactory, as it is the highest percentage that
has been obtained during the past nine years.
"9. The percentage of certificates of fitness held by the employers for their workmen
who require a medical examination has steadily increased during the past five years.
In 1958, certificates in good standing for 97.0 per cent of the workmen who require same
were held by the employers. This is a very satisfactory condition as there are numerous
difficulties to overcome.
" 10. Aluminum powder prophylaxis treatments for the prevention of silicosis were
given at six mines during the year. No aluminum therapy treatments were given at the
Rehabilitation Clinic of the Workmen's Compensation Board in Vancouver to men who
have silicosis.
"11. The main measures for dust prevention, suppression and elimination are
receiving good attention at the mines. The more important of these are good ventilation,
thorough wetting of the rock before it is handled in any manner, not subjecting the
workmen to dust and fumes from blasting operations, using good exhaust systems in
crushing plants and assay grinding rooms, etc Full application of all these measures at
all times has not been obtained but the results obtained have been quite satisfactory." 128 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
MINE-RESCUE, SAFETY, AND FIRST AID
During 1958 the mine-rescue stations at Cumberland, Fernie, Nelson, and Princeton
were fully maintained and an instructor, qualified in mine-rescue and first aid, was on duty
at each station. Each station is equipped with sufficient self-contained oxygen breathing
apparatus to maintain at least two mine-rescue teams of six men each should any emergency in near-by mines arise. The equipment consists of McCaa two-hour apparatus and
Chemox %-hour apparatus, as well as all-service gas-masks, self-rescuers, methane and
carbon monoxide detectors, inhalators, and a complete supply of first-aid equipment.
Supplies and facilities for charging and servicing all this equipment are maintained.
The station at Cumberland is maintained to serve coal mines in the area. There
were no emergency calls for the apparatus during 1958, but two requests for oxygen from
the local hospital were promptly complied with. A truck is kept at the station for
emergency purposes.
The station at Princeton was converted to a mobile unit in 1957. A large panel
truck was equipped with all facilities and thus was able to give service over a wide area.
Mine-rescue or first-aid training was given at the Cariboo Gold Quartz, Western Nickel,
Highland Bell, Bralorne, and French mines. Fire departments at Merritt, Wells, Oliver,
and Princeton were also given help with rescue training. The mobile unit gave ambulance
service five times while travelling on the highways. The general public also received
first-aid instruction in courses held at Princeton, Hedley, and Merritt.
The mobile mine-rescue unit stationed at Nelson continued to be of great assistance
in promoting and giving instruction in mine-rescue and first aid at mines in the East and
West Kootenay areas. Mine-rescue courses were held at Bluebell, Reeves MacDonald,
and Canadian Exploration mines. Assistance at first-aid classes was given at Riondel,
Salmo, New Denver, Kaslo, Remac, and Nelson. Fire departments at Nelson, Salmo,
and New Denver were given help in apparatus training.
The mine-rescue station at Fernie is maintained principally to serve the coal mines
in the area, but mine-rescue training is also given to personnel of the Sullivan mine at
Kimberley. The training of new men for mine-rescue work in coal or metal mines
continued in 1958 as well as the maintenance of monthly practices for teams. Assistance
was given in the first-aid classes at Fernie. The mine-rescue equipment was made available for a major fire which took place in Fernie.
In addition to the mine-rescue equipment maintained at the Government mine-rescue
stations, there are sets of McCaa or Chemox apparatus at the Sullivan, Canadian Exploration, Michel, Bridge River, Cariboo Gold Quartz, H.B., Bluebell, Toric, and Mineral
King mines.   The district instructor makes periodic checks of this equipment.
A certificate of competency in mine-rescue work is granted to each man who takes
the full training course and passes the examination set by the Department of Mines.
During 1958, in addition to the regular teams in training, seventy-nine men took the full
course and were granted certificates, as follows:— INSPECTION OF MINES
129
Certificate No.
Name
Where Trained
Certificate No.
Name
Where Trained
30151
James B. Magee.   	
Salmo.
Salmo.
Hope.
Hope.
Hope.
Hope.
Hope.
Hope.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Cranbrook.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Fruitvale.
Salmo.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Crawford Bay.
Riondel.
Crawford Bay.
Crawford Bay.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Kootenay Bay.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Crawford Bay.
Kootenay Bay.
Crawford Bay.
Balfour.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Crawford Bay.
Riondel.
Riondel.
Riondel.
3055
3056
3057
3058
3059
3060
3061
3062
3063
3064
3065
3066
3067
3068
3069
3070
3071
3072
3073
3074
3075
3076
3077
3078
3079
3080
3081
3082
3083
3084
3085
3086
3087
3088
3089
3090
3091
30922
3093
3016
3017
Horace Alexander Mattock	
George Hanschen  	
Delmer M. Bush..—	
3018
Wells.
3019
3020
Werner Tepel— -	
Remac.
3021
Herb Krenbrink 	
Elmer Charette	
3022
3023
3024
R. Wayne Ritter 	
William R. McDonald	
3025
3026
Ronald L. Turner-  	
Joseph Wandinger- —    ,„.
3027
3028
Jack Jenkins    	
Remac.
3029
Robert William Maddison 	
Ernest Grams 	
3030
3031
David Johnson Howe- —
Remo Quarin 	
Henry George Beard -	
Floyd Raymond Miles—	
Joseph Benjamin R. Walkley	
Michel.
Natal.
3032
3033
David Michael Melenius 	
Michel.
Natal.
3034
3035
Norman George Bonnell-	
Natal.
Natal.
3036
Jack Andrew Fontana- 	
Michel.
3037
3038
Jock Buckendahl -	
Bruno E. Goetting	
Phillip Lessard  -	
Arthur A. Gill   	
Lome Morrow-  	
Floyd Arnold Munter -	
Arnold R. Zelmer  	
KenWorrall	
Beaverdell.
3039
3040
Ross Mowbray Wakely.. 	
Beaverdell.
Beaverdell.
3041
Peter Badyk      _
Beaverdell.
3042
3043
Eugene Ernest Fontaine	
Beaverdell.
Beaverdell.
3044
Beaverdell.
3045
Beaverdell.
3046
Beaverdell.
3047
3048
3049
3050
Gerald Byron Bishop	
Hans Christian Christensen	
William Robert Hay	
Ivan Roy Staples	
JohnDeYaeger 	
Patrick Ferguson	
Charles Eugene Gobert -	
Beaverdell.
Beaverdell.
Bralorne.
Bralorne.
3051
Charles Harry Say 	
Bruce Hawkins — -— -
Edward Kruger  	
Bralorne.
3052
Riondel.
3053
Bralorne.
3054
Hans Kurt Grossman	
1 Substitute for No. 2530.
2 Substitute for No. 2771.
The Mine Safety Associations in different centres of the Province, sponsored by the
Department of Mines and aided by company officials, safety supervisors, Inspectors of
Mines, and mine-rescue instructors, continued to promote mine-rescue, first-aid, and safety
education in their respective districts.
The Vancouver Island Mine Safety Association held its annual competition in Cumberland on May 31st, 1958. Three teams competed—two from the Tsable River mine
and a visiting team from the Western Nickel mine. The winning team was from the
Tsable River mine and was captained by J. Thomson.
The Central British Columbia Mine Safety Association held its annual competition
at Hope on June 7th, 1958. Six teams took part in this competition. They represented
Bralorne, Cariboo Gold Quartz, Highland Bell, Pioneer, and Western Nickel mines. The
Western Nickel team, captained by A. Wells, took first place.
The West Kootenay Mine Safety Association held its annual competition at Salmo
on June 14th, 1958. Six teams took part in this competition—two from the Bluebell
mine, one from Canadian Exploration Limited, one from the H.B. mine, and two from
the Reeves MacDonald mine.   A Bluebell team, captained by B. Ramage, took first place.
The East Kootenay Mine Safety Association held its annual competition at Kimberley on June 21st, 1958. Four teams took part in this competition—two from Kimberley,
one from Fernie, and one from Michel. First place was won by the Fernie team, captained
by A. Littler. 130
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Provincial mine-rescue competition, Victoria, June 28th, 1958.
Team wearing compressed-oxygen breathing apparatus.
Victoria competition.   Team wearing chemically generated oxygen breathing apparatus. INSPECTION OF MINES 131
At all meets, competitions were held in first-aid as well as mine-rescue work. In
these competitions, events were also held for women and juniors. Representatives from
other industries and organizations not necessarily directly connected with mining also
participated.
Competitions were also sponsored by mining companies. Two first-aid competitions
were held at Bralorne—one in April by Bralorne Mines Limited and one in November
by the Bridge River Valley Mine Safety Association. In May The Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, held a mine-rescue competition at Chapman
Camp as an elimination contest for entry in the annual competition of the East Kootenay
Mine Safety Association.
The third Provincial mine-rescue competition was held at Victoria on June 28th,
1958. The winning teams from the Cumberland, Hope, Salmo, and Kimberley events
competed for a trophy and silver trays. The event was won by the Tsable River team,
captained by J. Thomson. In conjunction with the competition the Workmen's Compensation Board sponsored the second Provincial first-aid competition. Teams competed
which had won local events at Cumberland, Hope, Victoria, Salmo, Kimberley, and Port
Mellon. The winning team was from Howe Sound Pulp Division, Canadian Forest
Products Ltd., and was captained by C. Mahlman.
JOHN T. RYAN TROPHY
The John T. Ryan Regional Safety Award for the metal mine with the lowest
accident-frequency record for 1958 was won by the H.B. mine of The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, at Salmo. To win this trophy the
H.B. mine completed the year without an accident involving loss of time of over six days.
This record also won the Dominion Ryan Trophy, which had only once before been
won by a mine in British Columbia. The company's safety organization, officials, and
employees deserve high praise for this achievement.
The 1958 regional safety award for coal mines was won by the Tsable River mine
of Canadian Collieries Resources Limited, near Cumberland. This is the fourth year in
succession that this mine has won the award. The company's safety programme has thus
been quite effective.
BRITISH COLUMBIA MINING ASSOCIATION, SAFETY DIVISION
In 1955 the Mining Association of British Columbia set up a Safety Division with
the object of promoting and assisting in establishing and maintaining effective safety
programmes at its member mines. These programmes have been quite effective since
1955, as indicated by a decrease in the frequency of all types of accidents. During 1958
this decrease was further accentuated by a decrease in fatalities and the serious maiming
type of injuries. Five courses in mine safety and job instruction were given. Visits were
made by the safety director to member mines, where meetings were held with supervisors
and reports made giving recommendations on practices and conditions found at these
mines.   Monthly accident statistics were compiled and issued to member mines.
WEST KOOTENAY MINE SAFETY ASSOCIATION TROPHY
The West Kootenay Mine Safety Association in 1951 donated a safety trophy for
annual competition in order to encourage and promote safety in small mines not eligible
for the John T. Ryan awards. At first the trophy was restricted to mines in the West
Kootenay area, but in 1956 this restriction was removed.
The award is made to the mine having the lowest accident rate and working a total
of from 2,500 to 30,000 shifts per year, one-third of these having been worked underground.   An accident is taken as one which involves more than three days' loss of time. r
132 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
In 1958 the award was won by the French mine near Hedley and was presented at
a joint meeting of the West Kootenay Mine Safety Association and the Nelson branch of
the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in Nelson on March 14th, 1959. The
French mine completed the year without a single compensable accident. This commendable record had only been achieved once before in the history of the award. Coal
By Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines
Production^
Labour and Employment.
CONTENTS
Page
  13 3
  13 7
Competition from Coal Produced outside British Columbia  137
Accidents in and around Coal Mines  137
Explosives  139
Machine-mined Coal  140
Safety Lamps  141
Electricity  141
Coal Dust  141
Diesel Locomotives  141
Millisecond Delay Detonators  142
Dangerous Occurrences  142
Bumps and Outbursts  142
Prosecutions  142
Supervision of Coal Mines  142
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials  143
Notes on Coal Mines—
Vancouver Island Inspection District  143
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District  147
East Kootenay Inspection District   148
Northern Inspection District   154
PRODUCTION
The gross output in short tons of the coal mines of the Province for 1958 was
882,962 tons, a decrease of 338,804 tons or 27.7 per cent from 1957. A total of
138,005 tons came from strip mines at Michel and Tent Mountain.
The Vancouver Island District produced 182,304 tons, a decrease of 17,901 tons
or 8.9 per cent from 1957.
The Northern District production was 8,327 tons, an increase of 178 tons or 2.2
per cent over 1957.
The Nicola-Princeton District production was 689 tons, a decrease of 18,088 tons
or 96.4 per cent from 1957.
The East Kootenay District production was 691,642 tons, a decrease of 302,993
tons or 30.6 per cent from 1957.
133 134
report of the minister of mines, 1958
Output and per Capita Production, 1958
Colliery and Mine
Gross
Output
Mined
during
Year
(Tons)
Days
Worked
Total
Number
of Employees
Daily
Output
per Employee
(Tons)
Yearly
Output
per Employee
(Tons)
Number
of Employees
Underground
Daily
Output
per
Underground
Employee
(Tons)
Yearly
Output
per
Underground
Employee
(Tons)
178,366
705
315
680
428
467
462
842
18
21
132
14
543
5,233
782
2,312
16,235
537,402
106,861
31,144
233
131
143
145
136
124
127
240
15
51
15
3
225
115
105
180
13
176
176
45
308
4
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
2
3
14
3
7
311
694
16
14
2.49
1.34
1.10
2.34
1.57
1.88
1.82
1.17
2.93
0.80
3.25
2.48
1.83
4.40
579
176
157
340
214
233
231
280
44
181
374
260
330
774
208
3
1
2
2
2
2
3
2
2
3
2
3
10
2
6
239
559
3.68
1.79
2.20
2.34
1.57
1.88
1.81
1.17
2.93
0.80
4.55
3.72
2.14
5.46
857
Chambers No. 5 mine  	
235
315
Lewis mine (Timberlands)-— -
Carruthers and Wakelam No. 3__
Stronach No. 2 mine 	
340
214
233
231
280
Big Flame mine 	
44
Princeton Blue Flame No. 3	
Coldwater mine  	
181
523
Reschke mine -   .
Gething mine No. 3  —
Elk River Colliery1-	
Michel Colliery (underground) —
391
385
961
1 Mine closed January 31st, 1958.
District Output and per Capita Production, Underground Mines, 1958
District
Gross Output
Mined during
Year (Tons)
Total Number
of Employees
at Producing
Collieries
Yearly Output
per Employee
(Tons)
Number of
Men Employed
Underground
in Producing
Collieries
Yearly Output
per
Underground
Employee
(Tons)
182,304
689
8,327
537,4021
308
8
24
694
592
86
347
774
222
8
18
559
821
86
462
961
728,722
1,034
705
807
903
i Elk River production excluded as mine closed January 31st, 1958.
Output per Man-shift, Underground Mines, 1949-58
Year
Man-shifts1
Tonnage
Average per
Man-shift
(Tons)
1949
520,188
460,159
442,170
383,422
333,922
280,353
304,139
307,821
226,536
204,148
1,589,131
1,481,813
1,434,974
1,388,732
1,171,932
1,064,023
1,157,813
1,100,434
945,848
728,722
3 05
1950             	
3.22
1951                       ...             - -	
3.24
1952            —
3.62
1953              -	
3.51
1954.          	
1955 ,.    	
1956        	
3.79
3.86
3 57
1957
4.17
1958	
3 56
1 Includes both surface and underground workers. COAL
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Coal-preparation Plants
There were no additions or extensive alterations made to existing plants in 1958.
For full details of plants see 1954 Annual Report.
Coke-making
Coke is made at only one plant in the Province, that of the Michel Colliery, The
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited, Fernie. There were no alterations or extensions
made at this plant during the year.   For full details see 1954 Annual Report.
Briquetting
Briquettes are made at only one plant in the Province, that of the Michel Colliery,
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited, Fernie. There were no alterations or
extensions made at this plant during the year. For full details of this plant see 1954
Annual Report.
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT
In 1958, 1,086 persons were employed in and about the coal mines of the Province,
a decrease of 294 from 1957.
Because of the five-day week in force throughout the Province at the larger mines
and the legal holidays, the maximum number of working-days was 241. In the Vancouver
Island District the one large mine, the Tsable River mine, worked 233 days. In the East
Kootenay District the Michel Colliery worked 176 days.
COMPETITION FROM COAL PRODUCED OUTSIDE
OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
In 1958 the shipment of Alberta coal and briquettes to British Columbia totalled
532,911 and 16,208 tons respectively. The following table shows the amount of Alberta
coal brought into British Columbia during the past ten years:—
Year Short Tons Year Short Tons
1949     891,132 1954  891,194
1950     873,558 1955  932,764
1951     898,533 1956  860,329
1952 1,021,484 1957  672,527
1953     859,385 1958  532,911
Of the 564,327 tons of British Columbia coal marketed, 228,254 tons was sold for
domestic and industrial use in Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, and Yukon
Territory; 63,810 tons was sold for railroad use in Canada; 68,300 tons was exported
to the United States;  and 3,291 tons was sold for ships' bunkers.
The amount sold for domestic and industrial use in the Province was 200,672 tons.
ACCIDENTS IN AND AROUND COAL MINES
In 1958 there were no fatal accidents, as compared with two in 1957. The number
of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons (underground and strip-mine personnel) employed
was 0, compared with 1.45 in 1957, 4.39 in 1956, 3.38 in 1955, 0.69 in 1954, 3.22 in
1953, 1.78 in 1952, 3.11 in 1951, 2.21 in 1950, and 0.43 in 1949.
The number of fatal accidents per 1,000,000 gross tons of coal (underground and
strip-mine coal) produced in 1958 was 0, compared with 1.63 in 1957.
The following table shows comparative figures for fatal accidents for 1957 and
1958:— 138
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Company
Colliery
1958
1957
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd _	
0
0
1
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd	
Elk River	
0
2
The following two tables classify the fatal accidents in coal mines as to cause and
quantity of coal per accident:—
Fatal Accidents Classified as to Cause
Cause
1958
1957
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
—
1
1
50 00
50 00
Totals                                                	
I                      1           0
100 00
Fatal Accidents, Underground Mines, Classified as to
Quantity of Coal Mined
1958
1957
Cause
Number
of Fatal
Accidents
Coal Mined
per Fatal
Accident
Number
of Fatal
Accidents
Coal Mined
per Fatal
Accident
;::
1
1
945,848
945,848
Rolling rock or coal - -	
Totals    	
1
1           1         472.974
Note.—There were no fatal accidents in strip-mining operations during 1958.
Ratio of Fatal Accidents, Underground Mines
Accident Death Rate
District
Per 1,000 Persons
Employed
Per 1,000,000 Tons of
Coal Mined
1958
1957
1958
1957
2.09
2.72
Province, 1958         _ - -    	
1.50
2.11
There were 168 accidents involving loss of seven days or more reported to the
Department by the management of the various mines. All these accidents were investigated and reported on by the District Inspectors of Mines.
The following three tables classify the accidents in coal mines in 1958 as to occupation of the men involved, as to cause, and as to injury. COAL
139
Accidents Classified as to Occupation
Occupation
Underground—
Miners      - - -—   -
Number of
Accidents
     96
Percentage
of Accidents
57.14
Drillers and facemen
Haulage and conveyor men	
Trackmen and mechanics
     34
       3
20.24
1.79
Supervisors __	
Timbermen   	
Coal-cutters          -
       2
       4
1.19
2.38
Miscellaneous _	
Surface—
Shops                  - - —-  ■     -
       2
8
1.19
4.76
Surface 	
Preparation and coke-ovens	
Miscellaneous
       8
     11
_  168
4.76
6.55
Totals .
100.00
Accidents Classified as to Cause
Number of Percentage
Cause                                                                                                 Accidents of Accidents
Fall of ground     31 18.45
Fall of material and flying material     11 6.55
Lifting and handling equipment and material     49 29.17
Machinery and tools      33 19.64
Slipped and tripped     28 16.67
Falling off staging and platforms       8 4.76
Miscellaneous        8 4.76
Totals  168 100.00
Accidents Classified as to Injury
Number of Percentage
Injury                                                                                                Accidents of Accidents
Head and neck       8 4.76
Eyes       2 1.19
Trunk     33 19.64
Back     28 16.67
Arms       4 2.38
Hands and fingers      40 23.81
Legs     38 22.62
Feet       8 4.76
Toes _       7 4.17
Totals  168 100.00
EXPLOSIVES
The following table shows the quantity of explosives used in underground coal
mines in 1958, together with the number of shots fired, tons of coal produced per pound
of explosives used, and the average number of pounds of explosives per shot fired (these 140
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
quantities include all the explosives used for breaking coal and rock work in coal
mines):—
Vancouver Island District
Colliery
Ouantity of
Explosives
Used
(Pounds)
Coal
Mined
(Tons)
Total
Number
of Shots
Average
Tons of
Coal per
Pound of
Explosives
Used
Average
Pounds of
Explosives
per Shot
Fired
Tsable River Colliery ...
Chambers No. 5 mine..
Loudon No. 6 mine	
Lewis mine (Timberlands). _	
Carruthers and Wakelam No. 3 mine~
Stronach mine	
Undun mine  	
Extension mine (Brodrick)_
Big Flame mine  _
White mine.	
Totals for district..
88,550
350
850
500
450
150
150
663
150
22
178,366
705
315
680
428
467
462
842
18
21
91,835     182,304
121,225
700
800
900
600
250
300
396
100
43
2.01
2.01
0.37
1.36
0.95
3.11
3.08
1.27
0.12
0.95
125,314  |   1.98
0.73
0.50
1.06
0.55
0.75
0.60
0.50
1.67
1.50
0.51
0.73
Nicola-Princeton District
Princeton Blue Flame mine No. 2	
95
80
300      |
132
14
543
i
95      |
100
600      |
1.39
0.17
1.81
1.00
0.80
0.50
475
1
689
795      |
1
1.45
0.59
Northern District
4,582
500
2,200
5,233
782
2,312
1
5,450
500      |
2,420      j
1.14
1.56
1.05
0.84
Reschke mine 	
Gething mine  -	
1.00
0.91
7,282
8,327
8,370      |
i
1.14
0.86
East Kootenay District
Elk River Colliery    _    _	
6201
104,050
16,235
537,402
7651
90,149
26.18
5.16
0.81
1.15
104,670
553,637
90,914
5.28
1.15
1 Estimated.
Province
Totals for Province..
204,262 744,957 225,393
3.64
0.91
Quantity of Different Explosives Used
Lb.
Monobel of different grades  197,262
Permissible rock powder       7,000
Total   204,262
MACHINE-MINED COAL
In 1958, mining-machines produced approximately 25,133 tons or 3.45 per cent
of the total output from underground mining. A total of 138,005 tons of strip-mined
coal was removed by mechanical means. COAL 141
SAFETY LAMPS
There were 905 safety lamps in use in the mines of the Province. Of this number,
seventy-nine were flame safety and 826 were approved electric lamps, mostly of the
Edison type.
Approved Safety Lamps—Electric and Flame
The following is a list of approved safety lamps, electric and flame:—
The Wolf lamp, flame type.
The Koehler lamp, flame type.
The Edison electric lamp (cap) under Approval No. 18 of the United States
Bureau of Mines, and all Edison lamps up to and including Model P,
carrying the Approval Certificate No. 26 of the United States Bureau of
Mines, Model R-4, Approval No. 29.
The Wheat electric lamp and having Approval No. 20, as issued by the United
States Bureau of Mines.
The Wolf electric lamp, No. 830C.
The electric lamp manufactured by the Portable Lamp and Equipment Company, under Approval No. 27 of the United States Bureau of Mines.
M.S.A. single-cell trip lamp, carrying United States Bureau of Mines Approval
No. 1009, approved for use on haulage trips in mines.
The Davis M.L. model pneumatic electric lamp.
ELECTRICITY
Electricity is used for various purposes on the surface and underground at three
collieries. A total of 12,247 horsepower was used in and about these mines. Detailed
information as to how and where this power was used is given in the report of the Senior
Electrical Inspector of Mines.
INSPECTION COMMITTEES
The provisions of the "Coal-mines Regulation Act," section 65, General Rule 19,
require that an inspection committee of workmen shall inspect the mine regularly on
behalf of the workmen and make a true report of the conditions found. In all the larger
mines of the Province this rule is fully observed, and copies of the report are sent to the
Inspectors for the district. The work of these committees is valuable and assists in
furthering the interests of safety at the various mines.
COAL DUST
The danger of accumulations of coal dust on the roadways and in the working-
places is fully realized and as a rule the regulations regarding the control of coal dust are
adequately carried out. Large quantities of limestone dust are used continually in the
larger mines to combat this hazard. It is used in the roadways, working-places, and for
the tamping of shots.
Dust samples are taken regularly from roof, sides, and floor of mine roadways and
analysed. The reports of the analyses are forwarded to the District Inspector each
month.
DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES
Early in August, 1950, the first diesel underground locomotive to be used in any
mine in British Columbia made its trial runs in No. 9 mine, Elk River Colliery, The
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited. 142 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The locomotive is a 15-ton 100-horsepower model and is fully permissible for use
in coal mines. Two 75-horsepower diesel locomotives were purchased in 1956 for use
in hauling the output from the "A" North mine to the tipple at the Michel Colliery.
MILLISECOND DELAY DETONATORS
In February, 1951, an amendment to the "Coal-mines Regulation Act" was
passed to allow, with the permission of the Chief Inspector of Mines, more than one
shot to be fired at a time in any coal mine or district of a mine. For further details see
1954 Annual Report.
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES
On February 12th, 1958, while drilling to complete a round of holes for brushing
at the face of No. 2 level, "A" North mine, Michel Colliery, a miner decided to deepen
one of the holes that had been drilled by the cross-shift. As soon as he started to drill
an explosion occurred which seriously injured the miner.
Subsequent investigation brought out the fact that one of the cross-shift miners had
put one stick of rock-powder into the hole and had not reported the matter.
On November 3rd, 1958, a fire occurred in the No. 2 compressor motor at the
Tsable River mine when the closed-circuit rings of the Amortisseur windings burned
through in several places and ignited oil and dirt on the stator coils. Damage was
confined to the motor.
BUMPS AND OUTBURSTS
On January 31st, 1958, a severe bump occurred in No. 8 split roadway of No. 12
room, No. 3 Slope district, " B " South mine, Michel Colliery. Two miners working in
the place were severely shaken and bruised and approximately 90 feet of the floor was
heaved about 2 feet. The large quantity of methane gas which was liberated from the
coal affected the whole district, necessitating the withdrawal of all the men.
On December 9th, 1958, a bump occurred on the No. 3 haulage slope, " B " South
mine, Michel Colliery, which caused considerable damage to the floor and track of the
slope. Approximately 90 feet of track was heaved, and the displacement ranged from
3 feet in the centre to zero at both ends. No damage was caused to the roof or timber
support.   No one was injured.
On December 19th, 1958, a bump occurred on No. 3 haulage slope, "B " South
mine, Michel Colliery, that disturbed several sets of timber supports and caused several
small caves. Approximately 50 feet of the roadway was affected. The location of the
bump was immediately outby the one that occurred on December 9th, 1958. The floor
of the area was only slightly affected and no one was injured.
PROSECUTIONS
Cecil Gareau, miner, Michel Colliery, was prosecuted on February 14th, 1958,
under Rule 112 of The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company's " Special Rules " for subjecting a fellow workman to danger not necessary in the course of his occupation. He was
fined $30 and $5 costs.
SUPERVISION OF COAL MINES
During 1958 eighteen companies operated twenty-three mines, employing 826
men underground. In the supervision of underground employees there were 3 managers,
8 overmen, 3 shiftbosses, and 53 firebosses, or approximately 1 official for every 12
men. COAL 143
BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR COAL-MINE OFFICIALS
First-, Second-, and Third-class Certificates and Mine
Surveyors' Certificates
The Board of Examiners, formed on July 10th, 1919, consists at present of R. B.
Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines, chairman and secretary; A. R. C. James,
Inspector of Mines, member;  and D. R. Morgan, Inspector of Mines, member.
The meetings of the Board are held in the office of the Department of Mines in
Victoria.    The examinations are held at least once a year and more often if necessary.
All officials, before engaging in multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators,
are required to obtain a permit to do so from the Board of Examiners (Coal-mine
Officials). This permit is issued only after the applicant has successfully passed oral
and practical examinations in such work.
In addition to the examinations and certificates already specified as coming under
the Board of Examiners, the Act provides that every coal-miner shall be the holder of
a certificate of competency as such. Examinations are held as circumstances warrant
in coal-mining districts, and no certificate is granted where the candidate has failed to
satisfy the Board as to his fitness, experience in a coal mine, and a general working
knowledge of the English language.
During 1958 there were fourteen candidates for coal-miners' certificates. In addition to the certificates granted above, substitute certificates were issued to those who
had lost their original certificates. Permits to act as coal-miners, as provided by the
Act, have been granted to younger men by Inspectors in their respective districts. This
method allows promising men with less than one year's experience underground to work
at the coal face as miners under the guidance of an experienced miner.
The Board of Examiners desires to thank the different coal-mining companies for
the use of their premises for holding examinations where necessary.
NOTES ON COAL MINES
VANCOUVER ISLAND INSPECTION DISTRICT
By R. B. Bonar
The gross output of coal from the Vancouver Island Inspection District was
182,304 tons, a decrease of 17,901 tons or 8.9 per cent from the 1957 output. Only
one large coal mine, the Tsable River mine, is now in production on the Island.
Operations in the once important Nanaimo coalfield are now restricted to nine very
small mines, providing employment for no more than twenty-one men. These mines
operate in outcrop, pillars, and barriers left during earlier working.
The Island coal-mining industry has suffered a rapid decline in the past few years.
Production has declined by as much as 60 per cent since 1951. This condition has
resulted from loss of markets due to competition from other fuels, high costs of
production, and from the depletion of reserves in the Nanaimo coalfield.
In 1958 there were no accidents classified as serious, although fifty-three minor
accidents were reported and investigated. There was one dangerous occurrence reported
from the mines of the Island—a fire that occurred in one of the compressor motors at
the Tsable River mine.   The incident is reported fully under " Dangerous Occurrences."
The annual mine-rescue and first-aid meet organized by the Vancouver Island Mine
Safety Association was held at Cumberland on Saturday, May 31st. Two teams from
Tsable River mine and a visiting team from the Western Nickel mine participated in 144 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
the mine-rescue competition, and a very high standard of performance was maintained.
The winning team was the Tsable River team No. 1, captained by John Thomson.
Nanaimo (49° 123° S.W.)
R. H. Chambers and associates, operators;   R. H. Chambers,
Chambers No. 5    manager.    This mine is in Section 14, Range 7, in the Douglas
Mine, Extension    district, near Extension.   The area was first opened up as a stripping operation in the latter part of 1952 and comprised a small
section of the Wellington seam lying close to the surface in the vicinity of the old
Vancouver slope workings.   By the end of 1954 all available surface coal was depleted,
and early in January, 1955, the present slope was started to test the continuity of the
the seam underground.   Early in 1957 the slope broke into the old Extension workings
after being driven well over 600 feet from the portal.    The slope pillars and room
pillars are now being mined on the retreat.
The coal is mined by picking out the middle band of carbonaceous shale with
hand-picks. It is then blasted and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the tipple
by a gasoline-driven hoist. A small shaker screen sorts the coal into 2-inch, 1- to 2-inch,
and under 1-inch sizes.
Total production in 1958 was 705 tons over a working period of 131 days, with
a crew of four men. Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of
inspections.    No accidents were reported.
Glyn Lewis, operator and fireboss.    This property comprises two
Lewis Mine        small mines operating in the Wellington seam in a small area of
(Timberlands)      outcrop coal that was left when No. 8 mine was abandoned by
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir) Limited.   The seam outcrops on
the side of a ridge parallel to and immediately south of the Nanaimo River valley at an
elevation of 540 feet above sea-level.    The coal measures dip southward at 8 degrees.
The two mines are one-third of a mile apart.
The new mine, which commenced production in May, 1951, is in Range 1, Section 2, of the Cranberry district. It operates in an area of coal outcrop about 1 acre in
extent, which is bounded on the west by a thrust fault that also formed the western
boundary of the old No. 8 mine. The seam is 6 feet thick, including two thin rock
bands.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the
surface up the slope by a small gasoline-driven hoist. A shaker screen sorts the coal
into lump, nut, and pea sizes. Total production in 1958 was 680 tons over a working
period of 145 days, with a crew of two men. Working conditions were found to be satisfactory, and no accidents were reported.
J. Unsworth and A. Dunn, operators; A. Dunn, fireboss. This
Undun Mine mine, which was brought into production in August, 1954, is three-
quarters of a mile northwest of the village of Extension. It operates in the Wellington seam, and the output comes from the mining of pillars and small
areas of coal left near the outcrop in the workings of the old Extension No. 6 mine.
The Wellington seam is variable in thickness, but the coal is of excellent quality. The
measures dip about 10 degrees southwest.   The roof is strong conglomerate.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled via
the slope to the surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1958 amounted
to 462 tons over a working period of 127 days, with a crew of two men. Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections, and no accidents were
reported. COAL
145
Albert Addison, operator.   This mine is in Range 5, Section 13,
Big Flame Mine    of the Cranberry district.   Reopening of this mine, formerly known
as the Clifford mine, was commenced early in 1955.   During the
year only prospecting was done in an attempt to find coal of economical thickness and
grade.
H. Brodrick and associates, operators; H. Brodrick, fireboss. This
Extension Mine    mine is located partly on Lot 6, Douglas district, and on Section 12,
Range 1, Cranberry district, and is about 2 miles west of Extension village.   The mine was started early in 1957 in outcrop coal near the portal of the
No. 2 slope, old Extension colliery.
The coal is blasted off the solid and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the
surface by a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1958 amounted to 842 tons over
a working period of 240 days, with a crew of three men. Working conditions were found
to be satisfactory in the course of inspections, and no accidents were reported.
North Wellington (49° 124° S.E.)
William Loudon and associates, operators; W. Loudon, fireboss.
Loudon No. 6 Mine   This mine is about 1 mile southeast of Wellington and has been
opened up by a flat-dipping slope driven in a small area of outcrop coal in the No. 2 Upper Wellington seam adjacent to the old No. 9 mine workings.
The top portion of the seam, varying from 2 to 3 feet and consisting of carbonaceous,
shale, is blasted off the solid and stowed. The bottom 20 inches to 2 feet of coal is
broken up with light shots and hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the surface by
a small gasoline-driven hoist. Production in 1958 amounted to 315 tons over a working period of 143 days, with a crew of two men. Working conditions were found to be
satisfactory during the course of inspections, and no accidents were reported.
R. B. Carruthers and W. Wakelem, operators; R. B. Carruthers,
fireboss. This mine, near the Loudon mine, is also in the No. 2
or Upper Wellington seam adjacent to the abandoned workings of
the old No. 9 mine. Production in 1958 amounted to 428 tons
over a working period of 136 days, with a crew of two men.
Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections. No accidents were reported.
Charles Stronach, operator;  H. Gilmour, fireboss.    This mine is
in a section of the No. 2 or Upper Wellington seam adjacent to
the old No. 9 mine.    All the output comes from the mining of
pillars and small areas of coal left in the early workings.    Production in 1958 amounted to 467 tons over a period of 124 days, with a crew of two
men.    Working conditions were found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections.
No accidents were reported.
Joseph White, operator and fireboss.   This mine is about 200 feet
White Mine       south of Stronach No. 2 mine and is operated as a prospect in
search of pillars of coal thought to have been left during the early
working of the old Wellington slope and latterly the Pacific No. 2 mine. These mines
operated in the lower Wellington seam, which averages 6 to 8 feet in thickness and is of
excellent quality. After considerable difficulty in passing through a gob area, a small
pillar of coal was located from which 60 tons of coal was mined before a cave-in closed
the area.
During 1958 a roadway was driven through the gob area to explore to the west of
the portal.   A small pillar of coal was discovered.
Carruthers and
Wakelem No. 3
Mine
Stronach No.
Mine 146 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Comox  (49°  124° N.W.)
Head office, 566 Hornby Street, Vancouver. F. Ronald Graham,
Canadian Collieries chairman of the board; N. R. Whittall, president; E. O. T.
Resources Limited Simpson, vice-president, mining; W. W. Johnstone, district superintendent.
Tsable River Mine.—S. J. Lawrence, manager; T. Ecclestone, overman; L.
Cooper, A. Cullen, and A. Somerville, shiftbosses; W. Bennie, J. Cochrane, M.
Frobisher, W. High, L. Hutchinson, C. Lewis, G. Nicholas, J. Thomson, and A. Maxwell,
firebosses; S. Gough, surface foreman.
The layout and method of operating this mine are fully described in the 1954
Annual Report. In 1958 production came from the extraction of pillars formed by
earlier development in the seam and from development work in the northeast section
beyond the second fault system. This latter section, which was penetrated by an
inclined rock tunnel near the end of 1955, is being rapidly expanded in spite of difficulties
encountered, such as local thinning of the seam and seam faulting.
The haulage slope of No. 1 slope in this section is still being advanced in virgin
territory, and the seam at the face of the slope is of normal height and clean. The
immediate roof, especially in the lower area of the section, has not improved and consists
of thinly bedded sandstone which contains numerous slips and joints and requiries
closer timbering than is usual. The rock tunnel started to the rise off No. 10 level
parting to connect with the slope workings in this section intersected the coal beyond the
fault, but at the end of the year had not been converted to the main haulage incline for
the district as was the original intention.
The extraction of pillars in the Nos. 6 Right, 8 Right, and 10 Right sections of the
main diagonal slope is proceeding methodically and rapidly.
All the coal, both in development and pillar-extraction areas, is blasted off the
solid. Electrical multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators is used throughout
the mine. Totals of 88,550 pounds of Monobel No. 4 and CXL-ite explosives and
121,225 detonators were used during the year.
Total production in 1958 amounted to 178,366 gross tons over a working period
of 233 days, with a crew averaging 241 men underground and eighty-eight on the surface.
Conditions at the mine were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections.
First-aid arrangements have been maintained at a satisfactory standard. A suitably
equipped first-aid room is provided on the surface, and an ambulance is held in readiness for emergencies. Five employees hold industrial first-aid certificates, and twenty-
four employees hold other first-aid certificates. Two mine-rescue teams of six men each
are maintained, and these attend periodic practices at the Cumberland mine-rescue
station.
Forty-six accidents at or in the mine were reported and investigated, none of which
were classed as serious. This mine won the Ryan Trophy, emblematic of having the
lowest accident record in a British Columbia coal mine, in 1956 and 1957, and has
again won the award for 1958. This very excellent record is due to the maintaining of
the intensified safety programme put into effect by the management and ably assisted
and advised by the director of the Safety Division of the British Columbia Mining
Association.
Regular inspections of the mine were made each month by the inspection committee
appointed by the workmen, and copies of its reports were forwarded to the office of the
District Inspector through the courtesy of the committee. COAL
147
NICOLA-PRINCETON INSPECTION DISTRICT
By A. R. C. James
Coal production in 1958 in the Nicola-Princeton district was only 689 tons—an
industry which once gave employment to a considerable numbers of men in the district
has now almost entirely dwindled away due to lack of markets. Operations were
restricted to two very small mines working in pillars and small areas of coal close to the
outcrops. The Coldwater mine at Merritt continued to be operated on a small scale
and produced coal for local domestic use. The Blue Flame mine near Princeton was
closed in January, but the fireboss and another employee reopened an old slope near by
and began production in December. Coal from this operation is sold to the Princeton
brewery. The Blue Flame property is on a Coal Lease 38, which was again renewed
in favour of the Wilson Mining Corporation.
Coal Licences Nos. 32, 69, 70, 71, 125, and 126 covering a total of 2,618 acres
near Blakeburn have been renewed in favour of Mullin's Strip Mine Ltd.
Coal Licence No. 11, covering 640 acres near Princeton, has been renewed in
favour of E. Hayes and B. Vittoni. Coal Licence No. 17, covering 320 acres near
Coalmont, has been renewed in favour of Collins Gulch Collieries Ltd. Coal Licence
No. 59, covering 80.9 acres near Grindrod, has been renewed in favour of Edward
Pechr.   No activity of any importance was reported from any of these properties.
No accidents were reported from either of the coal mines in 1958 nor were there
any prosecutions under the " Coal-mines Regulation Act."
Merritt (50° 120° S.W.)
This property, 1 mile south of Merritt, is operated by the owners,
Coldwater Coal     S.  Gerrard and partners.    Fireboss   (on permit),  S.  Gerrard.
Mines Activities were again confined to the Coldwater No. 5 mine and
consisted of splitting pillars and extracting remnants of coal left
between the abandoned workings of the Middlesboro No. 5 mine and the surface, in
the area adjacent to and west of the old water-tank and about 250 feet west of the old
Middlesboro No. 4 mine. The seam is from 4 to 5 feet thick and includes two partings
consisting of 3 inches of bone and 1 inch of hard shale. The coal is blasted from the
solid and is hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the surface by a small gasoline-
driven hoist. Total production in 1958 was 543 tons. The crew varied from two to
three men. Working conditions were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of
inspections.   No methane was detected.
Princeton (49° 120° S.W.)
Thomas Bryden, fireboss. The mine is about 10 miles by road
Blue Flame south of Princeton and about half a mile west of the Hope-
Colliery Princeton Highway.    The old slope was abandoned in January
after all available coal had been extracted. In August an old prospect tunnel about one-quarter of a mile east of the old slope, and in the same seam, was
reopened. This old tunnel extends 130 feet down dip on the seam and terminates alongside a northeasterly striking fault. The coal seam is from 6 to 7 feet thick, strikes eastward, and dips northward at 16 degrees. During the fall months a tipple was erected
at the portal, and equipment was transferred from the previous operation. A gasoline-
driven compressor and hoist were erected at the mine. Production began in December,
the total production for the year being 132 tons. The coal is crushed to stoker size and
is mainly sold to the Princeton brewery. Two men were employed. Working conditions
were found to be generally satisfactory and no methane was detected. 148 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
EAST KOOTENAY INSPECTION DISTRICT
By D. R. Morgan
Coal-mining activities in the East Kootenay Inspection District were considerably
restricted during 1958 owing to shortage of markets for coal. This resulted in irregular
operation, closure of one of the collieries, and a decline in production. Two companies
were in operation and produced 691,642 tons of coal, a decrease of 302,993 tons or 30.6
per cent less than was produced in 1957. Most of the production, totalling 660,498
tons, was obtained from the mines of The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited.
This was 223,994 tons or 25.3 per cent less than in 1957. The company operated collieries at Michel and Coal Creek at the commencement of the year, but the Elk River
Colliery at Coal Creek was closed in January, and since that time company activities
have been confined to the Michel Colliery. The remainder of the production was obtained by Coleman Collieries Limited, which operates a large strip mine on both sides
of the interprovincial boundary on Tent Mountain, near Corbin. This company produced
31,144 tons from the British Columbia side in 1958, a decrease of 78,999 tons or 71.7
per cent less than was produced from the same operation in 1957.
The accident record showed an improvement in both frequency and severity rates,
and it is very pleasing to report that there were no fatal accidents in the district in 1958.
Four serious accidents, each involving a fractured limb, were reported from the Michel
Colliery, three of which occurred underground and the other on the surface. This was
two serious accidents less than were reported from the colliery in 1957. Minor accidents
resulting in the loss of one or more days from work totalled 152, of which 124 occurred
underground and twenty-eight on the surface. This number was twenty-four less than
in 1957. Five minor accidents were reported from the Elk River Colliery prior to its
closure. No accidents were reported from the British Columbia side of the stripping
operation on Tent Mountain. Four dangerous occurrences were investigated at Michel
Colliery, one of which led to the prosecution of one of the workmen concerned. These
incidents are reported more fully in another part of the report under the heading " Dangerous Occurrences."
The thirty-seventh annual competition of the East Kootenay Mine Safety Association was held at Chapman Camp on June 21st, and the various contests were well attended. Four teams representing Fernie, Michel, and Kimberley entered the mine-rescue
contest, and the British Columbia Department of Mines shield was won by the Fernie
team, captained by Albert Littler. There were 135 entries in the first-aid contests, and
the Rotary shield and the British Columbia Department of Mines cup were won by the
Sullivan concentrator team, captained by A. Nixon. Winners of both these competitions
represented the East Kootenay District at the Provincial competition held at Victoria on
June 28th.
T. G. Ewart, president, Fernie;  Thomas Balmer, vice-president,
The Crow's Nest     305  Great Northern Railway Building, Seattle, Wash.;   James
Pass Coal Company   Littler, general superintendent, Fernie; W. R. Prentice, secretary,
Limited Fernie;  R. A. Colleaux, treasurer, Fernie.    This company owns
extensive coal properties in the Crowsnest Pass area and has conducted large-scale coal-mining operations in the district since 1897. Present operations
are confined to the Michel Colliery and include both underground and open-cast mining,
and are directed from a head office in Fernie. Most of the production is sold on the
industrial market and a large amount of the fines is used for coke-making and briquetting.
A short description of the operations follows.
Michel Colliery.—(49° 114° N.W.) William Chapman, manager; Irving Morgan, senior overman; Walter McKay, safety supervisor; William Gregory, afternoon-
shift overman. COAL 149
This colliery is operated at Michel, 24 miles east of Fernie, and is on the Crowsnest
Pass branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway. It is a large colliery, comprising five
underground mines at Michel and a stripping operation on Baldy Mountain, near Michel.
It also includes a modern by-product plant and a briquette plant which are located on
the colliery-site. The mines are operated on both sides of the valley and are named
according to the seams worked and the direction of development. Four of the mines
are on the south side and one on the north side. Those on the south side have been
developed from a pair of rock tunnels which have been driven across the synclinal
structure of the coal measures, and they are operated on both limbs of the syncline.
The remaining mine, "A" North, is being developed from the outcrop of the seam on
the north side of the valley. Each of the mines is ventilated by a separate fan. The
mines in general are operated by the room-and-pillar system and the pillars are extracted
on the retreat. The chief motive power in use underground is compressed air, which
is supplied by four electrically driven and two steam-driven compressors on the surface.
Two other compressors also supply high-pressure air for operating compressed-air
locomotives on some of the main haulage roadways and also the main rock tunnel.
The haulage on the levels at the "A" North mine is by diesel and battery locomotives.
Electricity is used at some of the mines for operating conveyors and pumps on the main
and secondary roadways and is used on a larger scale in the "A" North mine. Coal
from all the mines is cleaned and treated for market at a modern preparation plant, a
description of which has been given in past reports. A new slimes recovery plant was
added to the preparation plant early in 1958 for handling —VA-mm. slimes which
formerly were sluiced to settling-ponds and subsequently stockpiled. The slimes are now
dewatered and recovered at the plant, a process which has eliminated several conveyors
and an elevator.
The underground operations are under the direct supervision of seven overmen and
twenty-eight firebosses.
"A" East Mine.—Daniel Chester, overman; Frank McVeigh, Harry Sanders, Roger
Pasiaud, Albert Littler, Kenneth Kniert, Thomas Taylor, and Louis Sclippa, firebosses.
This mine, in "A" seam, is on the eastern limb of the Michel syncline and all the
workings are on the left side of the rock tunnels. The mine has been in operation for
many years, and present activities are confined mainly to dip workings which are rapidly
retreating back toward the rock tunnels. The mine is worked by the room-and-pillar
system.
The seam is of good quality, 10 to 12 feet thick, and dips at an average of 20
degrees in a southwesterly direction. It is friable and gassy. The roof is weak and
requires careful attention for its support. Usually the coal in the rooms is mined by
compressed-air picks but sometimes is blasted from the solid by the use of millisecond
delay detonators. It is loaded by duck-bill conveyors or directly by hand onto the
conveyors. The pillars are extracted by the shortwall method, and, as the coal is friable,
pneumatic picks are used to advantage and only occasional shots are required. The
coal from the pillars is loaded by hand onto shaker-conveyors and transferred to loading
points in the rooms or levels by shaker, chain, and belt conveyors. From these loading
points the coal is hauled in trips of cars by compressed-air hoists to the main east level,
and from there to the surface by compressed-air locomotives via the main rock tunnels.
The mine produced an average of 920 tons per day during 1958 with a crew of 180
men. Most of the production was obtained from the No. 1 and No. 3 Slope districts,
and the remainder from a panel of pillars left above the main east level. No. 1 Slope
district, the larger operation, is at the outer end of the main level, and has been
developed by means of three slopes driven to the base of the Michel syncline. Rooms
and pillars have been developed on both limbs of the syncline from this point, but up
to the present extraction of pillars has been confined to the inner, or Sparwood, limb of 150
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
the syncline. Considerable difficulties have been encountered in this area owing to
excessive roof pressures, and a large number of the roadways were abandoned in 1958
because of the high cost of maintenance. Further development in the area was also
stopped, and since that time operations have been confined to the extraction of pillars.
This decision has restricted the size of the district considerably. No. 3 Slope district has
been in operation for many years, and present activity consists of the extraction of pillars
left for supporting the slopes. Extraction of the pillars at the lower end of the slopes
was completed early in June and since that time operations have been confined to the
upper regions. Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory with the exception
of breakages of timber supports and restricted clearance on some of the roadways at the
lower end of the No. 1 Slope district prior to their abandonment. Difficulty was also
experienced on one occasion when the ventilation in this section of the mine was found
to be sluggish. This was rectified by driving a new airway between the No. 1 room in
the No. 4 Slope section to the No. 1 raise section.
The mine is ventilated by an electrically driven aerodyne fan which delivers 93,000
cubic feet of air per minute to the workings at a 5.8-inch water-gauge.
"A" West Mine.—Harry Corrigan, overman; Reginald Taylor, Robert Taylor,
James Walsh, John Mclnnes, Thomas Krall, Roger Girou, Stanley Menduk, Paul Kusnir,
Leonard Brett, William Verkerk, and William Cytko, firebosses.
This mine is operated in the same seam and the same limb of the syncline as the
"A" East mine, but most of the workings are on the right side of the rock tunnels. It
has been developed from a number of inclines which have been driven from the main
west level to the outcrop of the seam, and all the present operations are in the upper
regions of these inclines. The coal is of good quality, ranging from 12 to 28 feet in
thickness and dipping 20 to 35 degrees in a westerly direction. A full description of
the general layout of the mine and the method of working is included in the 1957 Annual
Report.
The mine is the largest producer at the colliery and during 1958 averaged 1,000
tons per day with a crew of 175 men. Most of the production was obtained from the
No. 9 right and No. 4 left belt-road sections, where the coal is 28 feet thick and the
pillars are extracted by the caving system. The remainder of the production was
obtained from the extraction of pillars alongside the No. 1 entry in the No. 4 right belt-
road section. Only the top 12 feet of the seam is extracted in the latter section.
Operations in the No. 9 right belt-road section were confined chiefly to pillar extraction,
which was accomplished with a great deal of success. A high percentage of the coal was
recovered and caving of the roof was controlled without much difficulty. Pillar extraction
in this area is now nearing completion. No. 4 left belt-road section is in development
stages, and is being prepared ready for the completion of pillar extraction in the No. 9
belt-road section. The main belt-roads have been advanced for 1,000 feet along the
strike of the seam, and three pairs of raises have been driven from the belt-roads
preparatory to driving rooms for pillar extraction. Some difficulties were encountered
in driving the inner pair of rooms due to the presence of faults, and the direction of the
rooms had to be changed on the inby side of the fault in order to follow the line of
strike. A small amount of pillar extraction had been commenced from these rooms at
the end of 1958.
The conditions at the mine in general were found to be satisfactory during the
course of inspections and no trace of gas was found in any of the active workings. A close
check was maintained on the fire seals in the No. 3 left belt-road section where a gob
fire occurred in 1956, and indications were that the first was inactive.
The mine is ventilated by an electrically driven axivane fan which delivers 85,000
cubic feet of air per minute to the mine workings at a 3.5-inch water-gauge. This quantity was found to be sufficient for the requirements of the mine. COAL
151
Upper "A " South Mine.—Vans S. Hulbert, overman; Arnold Webster and James
E. Anderson, firebosses.
This is a new operation that was commenced in October, 1956, and is being driven
to develop another mine in the "A" seam on the Sparwood limb of the Michel syncline.
It is entered on the right side of the rock tunnels, and up to the present comprises only
two inclines which are being driven toward the seam for later development of a large
area of virgin coal left between the old "A" South mine workings and the outcrop. The
two inclines have been driven up the full pitch of the underlying No. 1 seam, and after
reaching a distance of 1,200 feet both have been continued as rock raises at a steeper
grade to meet the "A" seam. Descriptions of No. 1 seam and the rock raises are included
in the 1957 Annual Report.
Most of the activities in 1958 were confined to driving the rock raises and regrading
several portions of the two inclines for the installation of track and conveyors. Operations for the greater part of the year were on a single-shift basis and a crew of sixteen
men was employed.
The rock raise on No. 1 incline reached the footwall of the "A" seam at the end
of November, and indications are that the seam is 26 feet thick at this point. It is
intended to continue the roadway at its present grade until it reaches the hangingwall
of the seam. The face of No. 2 incline is still in rock but is expected to reach the seam
in the near future. Both inclines are now at a point where it will be possible to develop
workings at a safe distance from the old "A" South mine workings.
Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections.
Nearly all the equipment is electrically driven and is of the permissible type. The mine
is ventilated by the old No. 3 seam fan, which also ventilates the "A" West mine workings and which was found to be sufficient for the requirements of the workings.
"A " North Mine. — John Whittaker, overman; Sidney Hughes, Henry Eberts,
Thomas Slee, Ronald Saad, and Michael Tymchuk, firebosses.
This mine, in "A" seam, is operated on the north side of the Michel valley, approximately half a mile east of the colliery preparation plant. It has been in operation since
1951, but up to the present activity has been confined to development work. The mine
is developed by the room-and-pillar system and is expected to become a large operation.
Entry into the mine is provided by four main levels which have been driven from the
outcrop and follow the strike of the seam.
The seam is 12 feet thick where normal but is very irregular and faulty. It is of
good quality and dips at an angle of 15 to 20 degrees in a southerly direction. The roof
is weak. Most of the coal at the working-places is mined with pneumatic picks or is
blasted from the solid with millisecond delay detonators. It is loaded by hand onto
shaker or chain conveyors and transported to various loading points along the levels,
where it is loaded into 10-ton-capacity bottom-dumping cars and taken from the mine
by battery or diesel locomotives. The two bottom main levels are more highly mechanized, one being advanced by a new type of continuous miner, which is being tested for
the Canadian Ingersoll-Rand Company, and the other by a coal-cutter and mechanical
loader. All the production of the mine is brought to the preparation plant by trucks,
which are loaded from bins at two of the mine portals.
The production of coal from the mine in 1958 was 360 tons a day with a crew of
sixty-seven men. Most of the operations were directed to the lower part of the mine,
where the development levels, No. 0 and No. 1, are not sufficiently advanced to serve
the remainder of the mine workings. These two levels were advanced 1,200 feet despite
a great deal of difficulty encountered due to thinning of the seam in places, and due to
the presence of small faults. The faces of the No. 2 and No. 3 levels in the upper part
of the mine were idle for most of the year, and activities in this area were directed to the
development of a large panel of workings above the levels.   The panel, when completed, 152 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
will be 800 feet long and 2,000 feet wide. It is entered by two inclines which have been
driven across the pitch of the seam. The inclines advanced 1,150 feet during 1958.
Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections.
The roadways were kept in good condition, and there was very little sign of subsidence
taking place. Most of the equipment at the mine is operated by electricity and is of the
permissible type. Compressed air, which is mainly used for operating the pneumatic
picks, is supplied by three portable electric compressors located inside the mine on the
main intake airway.
The mine is ventilated by an axivane fan which delivers 90,000 cubic feet of air
per minute to the workings at a 1.6-inch water-gauge. Small auxiliary fans capable of
producing 5,000 cubic feet per minute are used for ventilating the faces of the main
levels inby the last cross-cuts, and narrow headings. This volume of air was found to be
sufficient to meet the requirements of the mine.
"B" South Mine.—William Davey, overman; John Krall, Robert Doratty, and
Eric Singleton, firebosses.
This mine is operated in the " B " seam, on the western limb of the Michel syncline,
and on the left of the rock tunnels. The seam is 5>Vi feet thick, dips 30 degrees in an
easterly direction, and is overlain by a strong sandstone roof. The coal is of excellent
quality, friable, and gassy. It is mined with pneumatic picks, and no shot-firing is allowed.
The mine is one of the oldest operations at the colliery and for many years was the
major producer. Extensive extraction over a period of years, however, has reduced the
size of the operation considerably, and present activities are restricted mainly to a comparatively small area of workings known as the No. 3 Slope district. This district is on
the dip side of the main south level, and most of the workings have been developed to
the inby side of the old No. 1 Slope district. They are entered by a pair of slopes which
have been driven across the pitch of the seam, and most of the workings are on the south
side of the slopes. Rooms are driven along the strike of the seam, and the pillars are
extracted by a modified shortwall system from between the rooms. All the coal at the
working-places is loaded by hand onto shaker and chain conveyors, and transported to
a common loading point in the No. 8 room where it is loaded into cars;