BC Sessional Papers

Lode Metals British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1960

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 Lode Metals
General Review,
Notes on Metal Mines.
Telegraph Creek	
Unuk River	
Portland Canal	
Alice Arm	
Ecstall River	
Alaska Highway	
Lac la Hache	
Pukaist Creek-__-_	
Highland Valley.
Pimainus Lake	
Guichon Creek...
Aspen Grove	
Swakum Mountain_
Meadow Creek	
Birch Island	
Similkameen River,
Fairview Camp	
Camp McKinney
Rock Creek	
North Kootenay Lake-
Woodbury Creek	
. 6
_ 6
. 6
.    6
- 7
- 9
. 10
. 11
. 13
. 14
. 15
. 15
. 21
- 21
- 24
- 24
, 24
. 28
- 28
, 29
. 29
. 30
- 30
_ 31
. 32
. 32
. 33
. 34
- 35
. 36
- 37
. 37
. 38
. 40
. 41
Notes on Metal Mines—Continued Paoe
Kaslo, :  44
Paddy Peak.  44
Retallack-Three Forks  44
Sandon  45
Slocan Lake-  47
Springer Creek  49
North Lardeau  49
South Lardeau  50
Creston  50
Kimberley  51
St. Mary River,  51
Fort Steele  52
Skookumchuck  52
Canal Flats  52
Windermere  52
Revelstoke,  53
Skagit River,  54
Hope  55
Harrison Lake ,  56
Howe Sound 1  56
Texada Island  57
Vancouver Island  57
Reports on Geological, Geophysical, and Geochemical Work  61  4 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
owners of the property, after a complete reorganization, were making plans at the end
of 1958 to reopen the mine. After the closing of Britannia the only producing copper
mine was that of Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd. Copper was a by-product of the milling
of iron, nickel, and lead-zinc ores, and of the refining of copper matte from Trail.
Although the current position of copper was not satisfactory, the future was brighter.
Interest in the region Kamloops-Ashcroft-Merritt-Princeton was shown by large and small
exploration companies. American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. dropped out of
the Highland Valley camp owing to pressure of business elsewhere, but Bethlehem Copper
Corporation Ltd. continued exploration on its own property and started an adit at an
elevation of 4,600 feet. The adit had reached the Jersey zone at the end of 1958. The
Craigmont property near Merritt was also brought to the stage of underground development, and at the end of the year the 3500 adit reached the ore zone which had been
outlined by surface diamond drilling.
The chief producers of lead and zinc, apart from the Sullivan, continued to produce
in the face of prices that made most operations little more than marginal. These were
the H.B., Jersey, Reeves MacDonald, Bluebell, and Mineral King. Three mines closed
because their orebodies were exhausted—the Silver Standard and Spider in May and the
Highlander in December. There was some reduction in output from the Slocan. The
Sullivan mine produced approximately 2,444,000 tons or 9,600 tons per day of operation.
The Emerald tungsten mine closed on July 31st upon exhaustion of the developed
orebodies, shortly after termination of its contract with the United States Government.
Further development at the current market price of tungstic oxide is not considered. The
Emerald tungsten ore zone was discovered in 1941, and the property was bought by the
Canadian Government and developed as a wartime measure in 1942. The property
(including the Jersey and the old Emerald lead-zinc mines) was purchased by its present
owners in 1947 and mined for tungsten until January, 1949. Early in 1951 the Canadian
Government bought back two blocks of ground covering the known Emerald tungsten
orebodies and the partly developed Dodger tungsten showings, and a mill was constructed at Government expense. In October, 1952, all Government holdings were
bought back by the company. The Emerald mine and the closely related Dodger and
Feeney mines have produced 13,739,939 pounds of tungstic oxide in concentrates, valued
at $33,900,311, gross.
The Western Nickel mine came into production in January, 1958, and operated for
half a year. It closed at the end of July because of modification and partial cancellation
of European sales contracts.
Molybdenite was of more interest in British Columbia than in years past. American
Metal Climax, Inc., at the Boss Mountain property outlined an ore zone that appears to
be assured of future production. The same company was actively engaged elsewhere,
especially at Glacier Gulch near Smithers. The Glacier Gulch showing is low in grade,
but whether or not it will some day be mined the occurrence indicates the possibility that
a major molybdenite zone may occur in non-granitic rock.
Exploration activity was at a fair level, considering the state of the market. Work
was done mostly by the larger companies, some of which maintained large technical field
staffs at considerable expense. Copper was the metal most sought after, partly because
its future seemed bright, and also because there was promise of making important
discoveries in the southern Interior. Exploration in the north was about normal, although
development at the Granduc was halted for an indefinite period. Preliminary work was
done on copper showings on Racing and Toad Rivers, near the north end of the Rocky
Mountains, on the south side of the Alaska Highway.
Other metals were sought after to a lesser extent than copper. One of the few
promising developments in lead and zinc was on Duncan Lake, where surface diamond  6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(57° 132° N.E.)    This property is on the headwaters of Barring-
Balsom Group      ton River.   The showings consist of pyrite, pyrrhotite, and molyb-
(Conwest Explora-  denite in a brecciated zone in a dioritic stock which intrudes Trias-
tion Company      sic sedimentary and volcanic rocks.   American Metal Climax, Inc.,
Limited) optioned twenty-two claims from Conwest Exploration Company
and located eight more; work commenced June 17th and finished
July 30th. A trail was built from Telegraph Creek to the property, a distance of 60
miles; 275 feet of rock trenching and 2,500 feet of surface stripping was done; geological
mapping was done on the claims and seventy-six samples were taken in sampling the
mineralized zone. Access to the property was by aeroplane and by pack-horse. Geologist in charge at the property was P. O. Hackey. An average crew of five men was
(56° 130° S.E.)    Company office, Room 507, 1111 West Georgia
Granduc (Granduc  Street, Vancouver 5; L. T. Postle, president.   The property is on
Mines, Limited)    the south fork of the Leduc glacier, 25 miles northwest of Stewart
at an elevation of 4,500 feet.   Work to date has indicated a mass
of copper-bearing rock of major size.
On March 15th, 1958, all operations ceased, and at present there are no indications
of an early resumption of work. Surface installations at the mine were completely dismantled, and machinery was weather-proofed and stored in the 3250 level.
On the surface 3,251 feet of ice-drilling was done on the Leduc glacier. A further
8,943 feet of diamond drilling was done underground. On the 2625 level 477 feet of
drifting was done.   A small raise 69 feet long was driven.
Work was carried out until the cessation of operations, an average crew of fifty-two
men being employed.
(56° 130° S.E.)    Company office, 572 Howe Street, Vancouver.
Silbak Premier     A. E. Bryant, president; Henry L. Hill and Associates, consulting
Mines Limited      engineers.   During the summer of 1958 mill clean-up work carried
out by a crew of four men produced 99.6 tons of concentrates
averaging 2.5 ounces gold per ton.  There was no indication that operations would be
resumed in the near future.
Toric (Torbrit      (55° 129° N.W.)    Registered office, 309 Royal Bank Building,
Silver Mines       Vancouver; executive office, 44 King Street West, Toronto; mine
Limited) office, Alice Arm.    R. W. Burton, manager;   H. Bapty, mine
superintendent;  G. K. Sutherland, mill superintendent.   Capital:
3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.   The Torbrit mine camp and mill
are on the west bank of the Kitsault River, 17 miles by road from Alice Arm.
Production:  Ore milled, 135,892 tons.   Total concentrates produced amounted to
1,872 tons containing 1,090,846 ounces of silver and 1,506,849 pounds of lead.    In
* By David Smith.   LODE METALS 9
(53°  129° N.E.)    Executive office, 75 East Forty-fifth Street,
Packsack (Texas    New York.   C. O. Stephens, New York, president.   This property
Gulf Sulphur       consists of sixteen claims, two rows of eight claims extending
Company) northward from the big bend of the Ecstall River.   It is 7 air miles
south 25 degrees east of the Ecstall property.    In 1957 a crew
working under the direction of W. R. Bacon discovered massive sulphide showings on the
east slope of what is now known locally as Prospect Hill.   The showings are at a general
elevation of 800 feet above sea-level and 650 feet above the valley floor.
There are two showings. They occur in the shallow beds of two tiny intermittent
streams. The southern showing occurs in the northeastern corner of the Packsack No. 2
claim, and the northern showing, 550 feet north of the southern, straddles the location-
line between the Gunnysack Nos. 1 and 2 claims.
The showings appear to be replicas of those occurring in Red Gulch Creek on the
Ecstall property. In other words they consist largely of massive pyrite containing minor
amounts of sphalerite and chalcopyrite. In addition, however, minor coatings of
secondary chalcocite have been observed in a few places.
As on the Ecstall property, the showings occur in sericite schist, the favourable band
of which is more than 100 feet wide at the southern showing. The band strikes northward
and dips very steeply eastward.
The surface expression of the favourable band is a topographic depression, and
extensive trenching with hand-tools is not practical. An electromagnetic survey was
undertaken in 1958 to outline the extent of mineralization. The results of this survey
indicate a minimum length of 2,000 feet for the mineralized zone and a probable maximum width of the order of 50 feet.   The property was not visited.
s.,       r    A7-     r   i    • HAZELTON*
(55° 127° S.W.)    Head office, 609, 602 West Hastings Street,
Silver Standard      Vancouver; mine office, Hazelton.   R. R. Wilson, president; H. B.
(Silver Standard     Gilleland, manager; A. C. Ritchie, general superintendent;  G. E.
Mines Limited)     Apps, mine superintendent.    The property is on Glen Mountain,
5Vi miles north of Hazelton.    All underground work ceased on
May 15th.   No ore remains in the stopes and there are no more known ore-shoots on the
veins.   All surface break-throughs of stopes and raises have been caved and backfilled.
To the end of production, May 15th, 1958, the mine worked 105 days with 2,537 man
shifts underground, 800 man shifts in the mill, and 957 man shifts on the surface.
A summary of the work done in 1958 was as follows:—
Development— Ft.
Drifting and crosscutting        35
Subdrifting         70
Raising  230
Total      335
Diamond drilling— Ft
Surface     Nil
Underground         193
Total      193
* By David Smith. 10 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Stoping— Tons
No. 11 cross-vein  5,320
No. 10 cross-vein  1,157
Ore-passes           3 6
Total  6,513
Ore tO mill  Tons
Stopes   6,513
Development        74
Total  6,587
Mill Tons
Ore from mine  6,587
Sorted as waste  1,543
Tons milled   5,044
All mining was on No. 11 and No. 10 cross-veins. The 1511-1100 D block at the
south end of the No. 11 cross-vein ore-shoot was developed and stoped to supply approximately one-third of the 1958 production. The balance of the ore was mined from
remnants of the orebodies, pillars, and small faulted vein segments. Eight diamond-drill
holes totalling 193 feet were drilled to test the veins in the vicinity of the workings.
Miffing was continuous from January 27th to April 17th and was intermittent to
May 13th. A total of 6,587 tons of ore was drawn from the mine. Of this, 1,543 tons
was hand-sorted and discarded as waste while the remaining 5,044 tons was treated by
differential flotation. The indicated recovery was 93.7 per cent. There were no major
alterations to the mill flow sheet and no major breakdowns.
All surface units were completely dismantled and placed in storage at the Sil-Van
mine. Except for the hoist, all underground installations and equipment were dismantled
and are now in storage at the Sil-Van mine.
(54° 126° N.W.) This property is on the eastern slope of Hyland
Lorraine* Mountain at an elevation of 5,000 feet.   Work on the property was
confined to opening up the upper tunnel in preparation for stoping
to surface. A truck-road 4 miles in length was built joining the Cronin mine road 2
miles below the present Cronin mill-site. Work was under the direction of D. A. Campbell, engineer.   A crew of three men was employed.
(54° 127° N.E.)   The occurrence of molybdenite in rocks directly
Glacier Gulchf     below the toe of the glacier at the head of Glacier Gulch on the
(American Metal   east side of Hudson Bay Mountain has been known locally for some
Climax, Inc.)       time, even though no published record exists.   Four claims were
located on the molybdenite showing in May and June, 1956, by
W. D. Yorke-Hardy, E. E. Malkow, Hunter H. Simpson, and R. C. McFarland, of
Smithers.   These men located twenty-six more claims around the head of Glacier Gulch
in July, 1957, and in December, 1957, title to all claims was transferred by bill of sale
* By David Smith.
t By Stuart S. Holland. LODE METALS 11
to Climax Molybdenum (B.C.) Ltd., now American Metal Climax, Inc. The company
located an additional twenty-five claims around the initial locations.
American Metal Climax, Inc., was actively engaged during the summer of 1958 in
investigating the occurrences of molybdenite at and around the toe of the glacier at the
head of Glacier Gulch. A trail from the head of the Glacier Gulch road was built up
hill to a tent camp established within 200 feet of the toe of the glacier.
Over the past ten years or more the glacier has been receding rapidly and an
extensive area has recently been exposed to view. This area of rock, immediately east
of the ice front, is smoothed by ice erosion, and is almost devoid of drift and boulder
cover. The bedrock of Hazelton formation tuffs, flows, and agglomerates is perfectly
exposed to view. The rocks are cut by a few feldspar porphyry dykes high up along the
northern edge of the glacier and by several shear zones along which there has been some
carbonate alteration. The volcanics, regardless of type, are crossed by a system of northwesterly striking and northeasterly dipping joint-planes. The joint-planes, whose spacing
may range from 1 foot to 10 or 15 feet, are mineralized predominantly by molybdenite.
Some pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite have been observed in very minor amounts.
The molybdenite ranges in thickness from a mere film to veinlets of about three-eighths
of an inch maximum thickness. The rock between the mineralized joint-planes appears to
be devoid of mineralization.
Bedrock and its contained mineralization is well displayed in an area 2,000 feet
wide by 1,000 feet deep. The company was primarily engaged in sampling this area.
A grid had been laid out and bulk samples were taken at 100- by 200-foot intervals.
Although three sets of samples were taken over the area, uniform results had not been
obtained.   Eleven diamond-drill holes totalling 6,320 feet were drilled.
Exploration has shown that there is a very large surface area of molybdenite mineralization beyond the area sampled and that the mineralization appears to have a vertical
range of several thousand feet. There is some indication that the more intensely horn-
felsed rocks carry a slightly higher molybdenite content. The accurate determination of
grade is the critical factor in assessing the worth of the property.
Work was under the direction of J. W. Bryant. A geological survey of the property
was made by Professor W. W. Moorhouse, of the University of Toronto.
(55° 125° N.E.) This property consists of ten claims—AMY
AMY Group Nos. 1 to 10 held by record—and is situated on Silver Creek 6
miles south of the Omineca River. The mineral showings are
cinnabar impregnations in Permian rocks along the Pinchi fault zone. An average crew
of three men was employed. Work included the removal of some 14,500 yards of overburden by hydraulicking and with a bulldozer. The access road was put into shape for
truck transportation. Geological mapping was done. The project was a joint effort by
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, Canex Aerial Exploration Ltd., and Bralorne
Mines Limited under the supervision of E. Bronlund.
(56° 125° S.W.) This property consists of seventeen claims—
Jane Group        Jane Nos. 1 to 17—held by record, and is situated on Croydon
Creek 9 miles west of Aiken Lake. The mineral showings are shear
zones in diorite and pyroxenite carrying values in copper and gold. An average crew of
eight men was employed. Work accomplished included 9 miles of trail, 35,000 feet of
line cutting, 1,537 feet of diamond drilling in seven holes, and geological mapping.
E. Bronlund was engineer in charge for Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, Canex
Aerial Exploration Ltd., and Bralorne Mines Limited.
* By David Smith. 12
Glacier at the head of Glacier Gulch, Hudson Bay Mountain.
Packing to the Glacier Gulch molybdenite showings. ■I
(59° 130° N.W.)    The Silver Tip claims are about 4 miles north-
Silver Tip Group    east of Tootsee Lake and 17 miles by road south of Mile-post 701
(Canex Aerial      on the Alaska Highway.   A total of thirty-two claims are held by
Exploration Ltd.)   record by the owners, A. Zborovsky and associates.   Conwest previously optioned the claims and did the following work:   1,950 feet
of drifting and raising, 650 feet of underground diamond drilling in six holes, 1,908 feet
of surface drilling in eleven holes, and some surface trenching.   The option was dropped
and Canex took up the option.   A crew of ten was employed.   Work commenced August,
1958, and ended in November.   Three holes were drilled from the adit with a total footage
of 3,296 feet.   Approximately 10 miles of new tractor-road was constructed and improvements were made to the existing road.
(58° 125° N.E.) Company office, 700 Burrard Building, 1030
Magnum Copper West Georgia Street, Vancouver. D. J. McDonald, president; A.
(Magnum Copper Allan, field superintendent. The property is on the headwaters of
Limited N.P.L.) Delano Creek, a tributary of the Racing River. A total of sixty-
eight claims are held, partly by record, partly by option agreement
from W. Lembke and A. Larson, Mile 408, Alaska Highway. The showings consist of
closely spaced lenses of quartz within a northeasterly trending shear zone. The quartz
lenses are more or less abundantly mineralized with chalcopyrite. Surface sampling by
the company reportedly indicates a length of 1,050 feet, 7.0 feet wide, averaging 7 per
cent copper. Sporadic low values in gold and silver are associated with the copper mineralization. The zone is persistent on strike and drilling shows it to extend at least 700
feet in vertical depth. Work on the property commenced July 28th and was discontinued on September 25th. The average crew consisted of twelve men. A length of 3,485
feet of AX core drilling was done in six deep holes. To obtain samples, 440 feet of EX
core drilling was done in twenty-two shallow holes. Considerable trenching and open-
cutting was done. Some work was done to improve the existing Racing River trail and
in new construction on Delano Creek. The camp was supplied by pack-train and all
heavy equipment was moved in by an S-55 helicopter. There was no permanent construction at the camp. All drilling equipment and supplies have been stored on the ground
and a continuation of the drilling programme is planned for 1959. The property was not
(58° 125° N.W.)   Company office, 25 King Street West, Toronto.
Toad River (Fort    J. B. Streit, president; A. D. Wilmot, exploration manager.    The
Reliance Minerals   property is on the Toad River, 18 miles south of Mile 442 on the
Limited) Alaska Highway.   A total of thirty claims are held—nineteen by
location, eight by option agreement from H. Kvikstad, and three
by option agreement from G. L. Johnson. The showings consist of a strong north-south
trending shear zone with an average width of 8 feet that cuts through thin-bedded argillite
and shale having a northerly strike and dipping to the west at 20 degrees. The copper
mineralization occurs in narrow quartz-calcite stringers. Surface sampling by the company was concentrated within a length of 800 feet and reportedly indicated a length of
660 feet with an average width of 9.7 feet and a grade of 5.7 per cent copper. Diamond
drilling commenced on September 17th and was continued until October 26th. Ten AX
holes were drilled with a total length of 1,452 feet. All drilling equipment and supplies
were placed in storage on the property. There was no permanent construction in 1958.
The property was not visited.
* By David Smith.  lode metals
Takomkane Mountain (52° 120° S.W.)
Boss Mountain
(American Metal
Climax, Inc.)
Company office, 61 Broadway, New York, N.Y.; British Columbia
office, 718 Granville Street, Vancouver. The American Metal
Company and the Climax Molybdenum Company joined to form
American Metal Climax, Inc., at the end of 1957. This new company continued work on the property. The property consists of
eleven Crown-granted claims, Lots 11116 to 11126, inclusive, and seventy-four claims
held by record, all of which are optioned from H. H. Huestis and associates. The
property is on the east side of Takomkane (Big Timothy) Mountain at the headwaters
of Molybdenite Creek. It is served entirely by aircraft from Williams Lake, landings
being made on a small lake near the head of Boss Creek at the southern foot of Takomkane Mountain. From this lake a pack-trail leads over the mountain and down to the
camp near the showings.
Exploration work during 1958 consisted of road and trail work, geophysical mapping, and diamond drilling. A total of 9,090 feet of diamond drilling was completed to
test the extension of two mineralized showings.
Blue Creek (51° 122° S.W.)
The Elizabeth group of four Crown-granted claims is north of Blue
Elizabeth Creek, a tributary of Yalakom River.   It is owned by Elizabeth U.
White, of Vancouver, and T. W. Illidge, of Bralorne.   Access to
the property is by 48 miles of road from Lillooet.
In 1958, 9 tons of ore was shipped to the smelter at Trail.
Gun Creek (50° 122° N.W.)
Northern Gem
Mining Corporation Ltd.
Company office, 510 West Hastings Street, Vancouver. A. R.
Allen, president; Isaac Shulman, managing director; H. R. Shuttle-
worth, superintendent. This property, consisting of eight Crown-
granted and twenty-six recorded mineral claims, is on Roxey Creek
near its headwaters. Roxey Creek flows into Gun Creek, which is
a tributary of the Bridge River. The mine camp, elevation 5,500 feet, is 3 miles from
Gun Creek and 12 miles from the Bridge River road. The mine road branches from the
Bridge River road nearly 2 miles east of Minto.
During the year four men were employed doing assessment work.
Bridge River (50° 122° N.W.)
Bralorne Mines
Company office, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver; mine office, Bralorne. F. R. Joubin, president; M. M. O'Brien, vice-president
and managing director; C. M. Manning, general superintendent;
J. S. Thomson, mine superintendent; C. D. Musser, mill superintendent.   Capital:   1,250,000 shares, no par value.
* By R. B. King.
t By R. B. King, except as noted.
t By Stuart S. Holland and R. B. King.  LODE metals
The Bralorne mine is on Cadwallader Creek, a tributary of the Bridge River. It is
reached by 51 miles of road from Shalalth or 75 miles of road from Lillooet, both stations on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The company holds about a hundred claims extending along the east side of Cadwallader Creek for about 3 miles upstream from its junction with the Hurley River.
The underground workings at Bralorne are extensive and have a total length of
about 48.5 miles. The mine comprises four main sections, named from west to east the
King, Queen, Crown, and Empire. Figure 1 shows the Queen, Crown, and Empire
sections as well as the original Coronation shaft; the King section lies about 4,000 feet
west of the Queen shaft.
The King section lies west of the Empire fault. It includes most of the original Lome
workings and in the early 1930's, prior to development of the Empire section, was the
principal section of the mine. Mining finally ceased in the King section in 1940, though
latterly there has been some exploration on No. 20 level in that section and from the
crosscut extending northerly into Taylor Bridge River ground.
The Queen section lies east of the Empire fault. It is named from the Queen shaft,
which is in the footwall of the 77 vein and has been sunk from No. 26 level to No. 36
level, a distance of about 1,500 feet.
The Crown section, named from the Crown shaft, lies in the footwall of the Empire
fault east of the Queen section. The Crown shaft was sunk from No. 8 level to No. 26
The Empire section, southeast of the Crown, is named from the Empire shaft sunk
from No. 3 to No. 26 level. The Empire shaft was originally connected to the King section by a long crosscut on No. 8 level, which constitutes the main haulage level of the
mine. In addition, the Crown and Empire shafts are connected on all levels between
No. 8 and No. 26.
The Coronation shaft, lying southeast of the Empire, was sunk to No. 10 level and
is one of the original mine workings.
Ore from below No. 26 level is hoisted in the Queen shaft to No. 26 level and then
is trammed to the Crown shaft and hoisted to No. 8 level, the main haulage level of the
mine, whence it is hauled to the mill.
Over the years gold production has come principally from the King, Shaft, North,
and " C " veins in the King section, the 53 and 55 veins on the hangingwall side of the
Empire fault, and the 51, 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, and 93 veins on the footwall side of the
Empire fault. The total gold production of the mine from 1900 to 1958 is 1,933,095
ounces of gold from 3,930,195 tons of ore.
Vein System
The King vein system is separate from and unrelated to the veins in the Crown and
Empire sections. It is described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 213, pages 80
to 87. Bralorne veins on the footwall side of the Empire fault are quartz-filled fractures
predominantly of two directions {see Fig. 1): (1) Northwesterly trending fractures,
generally striking from north 60 to 75 degrees west and dipping to the northeast, are
occupied by important veins such as the 77 and 51, both of which have been explored
for strike lengths of several thousand feet; (2) easterly trending fractures striking north
75 to 85 degrees east and dipping steeply northward are occupied by the 73, 75, 79, and
93 veins; this direction is also followed by short lengths of vein, even along dominantly
northwesterly fractures. The 85 vein has a northerly strike, a direction of rare occurrence in the mine.     22 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Bethlehem Copper resumed operations in May. A contract for tunnelling was given
to Intermountain Construction Ltd. The camp on the south side of Divide Lake was reestablished and by the end of the year was equipped with power, water-supply, new cookhouse, and dry. A portal-site was cleared 2,600 feet west of Jersey Lake at 4,600 feet
elevation. A machine-shop and power-house were erected, together with an office building, assay office, and sampling plant. The 4600 level adit was begun in July and is
directed due east. At the end of 1958 it was 2,840 feet long and had reached the fringe
of the Jersey zone. The adit is 7 by 7 feet finished size and is about one-third timbered.
The tunnel penetrates younger quartz-diorite for 1,640 feet, then older quartz-diorite for
970 feet followed by dacite porphyry and breccia. Dykes of quartz-diorite porphyry
were intersected at 880 and 2,150 feet, respectively.
Thirty-two men were employed at the end of the year, including ten employed by
Bethlehem Copper.
(50° 1211N.E.)    This group of thirty-three claims and fractions
Beaver adjoins the northwest boundary of the Bethlehem property and is
held jointly by Farwest Mining Limited (previously named Farwest
Tungsten Copper Mines Limited) and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited (office of
both companies, 1075 Melville Street, Vancouver).   Part of the group was optioned by
American Smelting and Refining Company Ltd. until the end of 1958.
In 1958 American Smelting and Refining drilled three short rotary test-holes. Work
by Farwest consisted of prospecting and of soil sampling at 200-foot intervals on lines
spaced at 400 feet over the entire group. In addition, reconnaissance electrical surveys
were carried out over selected lines. The work was done by two men under the direction
of W. M. Sirola, chief geologist.
(50° 120° N.W.)    This group adjoins the Beaver group and the
Lodge north boundary of the Bethlehem property.    It comprises thirty-
six claims and fractions which are held by Northlodge Copper
Mines Limited (company office, 1075 Melville Street, Vancouver). The property was
optioned by American Smeltine and Refining Company until the end of 1958 and three
short rotary test-holes were drilled. Work by Northlodge consisted of geochemical and
geophysical prospecting by two men from June to August.
(50°  120° S.W.)    This group of forty-four claims and fractions
Outrider adjoins the east boundary of the Bethlehem property and is held
by Farwest Mining Limited.   In 1958 Northwestern Explorations,
Limited, did electrical and geochemical surveys and geological mapping over parts of
the group.
(50°  120° S.W.)    This group of eight claims adjoins the east
Hat boundary of the Outrider group and is held by Northlodge Copper
Mines Limited.  American Smelting and Refining Company dropped
its option in August, whereupon Northwestern Explorations, Limited, did electrical and
geochemical surveys and geological mapping.
(50° 120° N.W.)    These groups are immediately north and east
Bob, Star, Cow,     of Bose Lake and adjoin the Lodge and Outrider groups.    The
and B.X. Bob and Star groups comprise fifty-four claims and fractions which
are held by Torwest Resources Ltd. (company office, 1001, 837
West Hastings Street, Vancouver).    The Cow and B.X. groups comprise twenty-eight
claims and fractions which are held by B.X. Mining Company Limited (company office,
1500, 355 Burrard Street, Vancouver).   In 1958 the groups were optioned by Noranda
Exploration Company, Limited.    Camp was established at Bose Lake and an average
of nine men was employed from July to September under the supervision of O. W. Nichols. LODE METALS
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd., 4600 level adit portal, August, 1958.
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd., Craigmont 3500 level adit portal, August, 1958.  LODE METALS
about 10 miles northwest of Merritt. The orebody is close to the south margin of the
Guichon Creek batholith and is a skarn deposit in stratified rocks of the Nicola series.
Equivalent rocks which outcrop at Lookout Point, some 2Vi miles west-southwest of the
orebody, include limestones, tuffaceous limestones, limy tuffs, vitric and lithic tuffs, and
greywackes. At Lookout Point these rocks possess moderate to steep dips and strike
generally east-northeast, toward Craigmont. In addition to the Guichon Creek batholith,
which extends north for a distance of some 40 miles, plutonic rocks underlie parts of the
area southeast of Lookout Point and east of Guichon Creek, respectively, and may be
extensions or satellites of the batholith. Volcanic rocks of the Kingsvale group cover
parts of the area south and southwest of the Craigmont ore zone. In the most westerly
holes which have been drilled in the ore zone, Kingsville rocks overlie weathered and
altered Nicola rocks and are believed to be later than the mineralization.
Elevations range from 2,000 feet at Nicola River and Guichon Creek to 5,688 feet
at Lookout Point. The climate is semi-arid, and many of the creeks have a seasonal flow.
Access to the various properties is by dirt roads either from Craigmont mine, from the
Merritt-Spences Bridge Highway, or from the road between Lower Nicola and the
Aberdeen mine. The Canadian Pacific Railway branch line and a gas pipe-line both
pass through Merritt.
[References: Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 249 (Nicola Map-area), 1948; Minister
of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1957, p. 28.]
(50° 120° S.W.)    Head office, 700, 1030 West Georgia Street,
Craigmont        Vancouver.   R. G. Duthie, superintendent, Merritt; C. C. Rennie,
(Birkett Creek Mine resident geologist.    This private company was formed in July,
Operators Ltd.)     1958.   It is controlled by Canadian Exploration Limited together
with Noranda Exploration Company, Limited, and Peerless Oil
and Gas Company.   Craigmont Mines Limited is a non-voting participant.   The company
controls 157 claims and fractions owned by Craigmont Mines Limited, of which fourteen
have been legally surveyed.   The Craigmont orebody is on Merrell Nos. 7 and 8 claims
and McLeod Nos. 5 and 6 claims, and is south of the north fork of Birkett Creek at
surface elevations between 3,800 and 4,200 feet.
In 1958 Canadian Exploration Limited directed exploration up to July, when
responsibility passed to Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd. From November, 1957, to
December, 1958, twenty-two holes totalling 15,404 feet were diamond drilled from
surface. Of these, sixteen encountered mineralization. From December, 1957, to May,
1958, twenty-five rotary drill-holes totalling 1,392 feet were made in preparation for
diamond drilling. Approximately 2,000 feet of bulldozer stripping was done in five
separate areas and about 10 miles of roads were constructed. A new road 4.2 miles
long with a 5-per-cent grade was built from the Aberdeen road to the portal-site,
and the Aberdeen road was widened and improved. Magnetometer surveys were made
on sixty-two claims and fractions and some geological mapping was done.
Underground work started in July, 1958, and by the end of the year a complete
plant was installed. It included dry-house, temporary offices, warehouse, core-house,
combined shops and power plant, and water system with water-tank. Equipment included one Ingersoll-Rand 500-c.f.m. compressor, two LeRoi 500-c.f.m. compressors,
one D 1300 75-kw. Caterpiller diesel generator set, and a D 1300 59-kw. Caterpillar
diesel standby generator. An adit was directed north 70 degrees west from a portal-site
on the north fork of Birkett Creek at 3,516 feet elevation, and at the end of the year was
1,066 feet long. The first 700 feet is fully timbered and measures 9 by 9 feet, finished
size. The remaining length is half timbered and measures 9 feet high by 8 feet wide,
finished size. An Ingersoll-Rand ABJ three-boom jumbo is used. Granby-type cars
are hauled by a Mancha 6-ton diesel locomotive and a Ruth 3-ton diesel standby locomotive. 26 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
In 1958 the number of men employed on the property varied from fifteen to thirty-
five, including drillers on contract. At the end of the year a total of twenty-eight men
were employed. Underground work was on a three-shift basis, and all employees lived
in Merritt.
The orebody is in an area devoid of outcrops. It has been exposed by recent trenching near hole No. 7, where it underlies about 6 feet of glacial drift. The nearest rock
outcrops are about 1,000 feet north of the orebody, and are of altered and slightly mineralized quartz-diorite. The contact between the Guichon Creek batholith and the Nicola
series possibly follows the north fork of Birkett Creek and apparently passes through a
copper showing more than 1 mile to the east, on the former Eric claim. The orebody
was found by drilling a strong positive magnetic anomaly. As shown by surface drilling,
the mineralized zone strikes about north 80 degrees east and dips steeply south in the
upper portions. At greater depths there is some indication of dip reversal. Mineralization is apparently continuous for a length of 1,750 feet across widths up to 200 feet.
Its full extent both laterally and in depth is not yet determined. Probable ore reserves
between 13 and 14 million tons grading about 1.8 per cent copper and 17 per cent iron
were estimated in November, 1958, by both the consultants and the operators.
The following description is based on examination of the core from holes Nos. 7,
13, 15, 19, and 21, together with information provided by the resident geologist. Wall-
rocks are greywacke and quartzofeldspathic tuff on the north, and andesite, quartzofelds-
pathic tuff, and mixed tuffs on the south in the western portion; a diorite dyke forms the
south wall in the eastern portion. The ore zone consists of limy rocks altered to skarn
and other rocks so heavily mineralized that their original lithology is uncertain. Actino-
lite, garnet, epidote, quartz, calcite, and chlorite constitute the gangue, together with pink
orthoclase feldspar which in places is very abundant. Tourmaline was identified in thin
section. Mineralization consists of magnetite, specular hematite, or both, with masses,
irregular veinlets, and disseminations of chalcopyrite. Some of the hematite is distinctly
magnetic. Bornite is rare and pyrite is only locally abundant in the ore zone. Oxidation
is slight.
The adit on the 3500 level penetrated 326 feet of glacial till, 300 feet of weathered
dark tuffs, and then diorite with small amounts of sulphide. The easterly extension of
the mineralized zone was intersected early in 1959.
(50° 120° S.W.)    These groups are held by I. Schulman, Van-
P.C.M., Cap,       couver.    They consist of sixty-five claims on the south slopes of
and Domino        Promontory Hills at elevations which average 3,000 feet.    From
March to August, 1958, the property was optioned by Centennial
Mines Ltd. (company office, 700 Burrard Street, Vancouver), which did work that included geological mapping and dip-needle and magnetometer surveys of the entire property.   In this period, up to six men were employed under the direction of T. S. Smith
and J. C. Foweraker, successively.   From August the property was optioned jointly by
Centennial Mines Ltd. and Magnum Copper Limited.   Additional geophysical and geological work was then done on the Domino group before work ceased in December.
Several small magnetic anomalies attributed to magnetite in andesite were discovered on
the property.
(50° 120° S.W.)   This group adjoins the P.C.M., Cap, and Dom-
Hank ino groups and is held by I. Schulman, Vancouver.   It consists of
thirty-six claims at elevations between 4,000 and 4,500 feet. In
September, 1958, the group was optioned jointly by Centennial Mines Ltd. and Magnum
Copper Limited. Following geological mapping and geophysical work, attention was
concentrated on an intense magnetic anomaly on the Hank No. 30 claim. Three bulldozer trenches were made, of which one exposed a small amount of chalcopyrite, and
three diamond-drill holes were put down which totalled 1,746 feet.   No mineralization LODE METALS
is reported to have been intersected other than above-average amounts of finely disseminated magnetite. A detailed spontaneous polarization survey was made over the anomaly.
In addition to the above work, a dip-needle survey was completed of twenty-one claims,
IVz miles of road was built, and a core-house constructed. From four to eight men were
employed under the supervision of J. C. Foweraker. Work ceased in December and the
option was dropped shortly after.
Prior to the option, W. Taylor and associates did a large amount of bulldozer stripping on the Hank No. 1 claim, approximately one-half mile south of the anomaly.
Noranda Exploration Company,
British Columbia office, 202, 2256 West Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver. B. O. Brynelsen, manager. In 1958 this company held
by location or option a large number of claims in the Merritt area
in four separate properties. A field office was established in
Merritt and a large crew was employed under the supervision of
M. M. Menzies and other geologists.   All options were subsequently dropped.
{a) Merritt Property.—(50° 120° S.W.) Work was chiefly concentrated on this
property, which adjoins the south and southeast boundaries of the Craigmont property.
It consists of 135 claims and fractions held by Noranda. Up to fifteen men were
employed from early January to August, 1958. Work consisted of line-cutting and surveying, followed by electromagnetic, magnetometer, dip-needle, and geological surveying. Five holes totalling 1,689 feet were diamond drilled to test some of the anomalies
found.   Some road building was done.
{b) Tyner Lake Property.-— (50° 120° S.W.) This surrounds Tyner Lake at the
north end of the Craigmont property and consists of 114 claims held by W. Rand. Work
done by Noranda Exploration Company consisted of surveying, geological mapping, and
electromagnetic surveying the whole property. Over 5 miles of road was constructed
between the Aberdeen road and an existing road at Farr Lake. A camp was established
at Tyner Lake and seven men were employed from June to August, 1958, under the
suprevision of S. G. Bruce.
(c) Farr Lake Property.—(50° 120° S.W.) This is near the west boundary of
the Tyner Lake property and consists of fifty-four claims held by Midnight Consolidated
Mines Ltd. The property was optioned by Noranda in 1957. Work done in 1958 consisted of the geological mapping of part of the property and extension of the road from
Tyner Lake to join the road from Farr Lake to Dot.
(d) Gordon Creek Property.—(50° 121° S.E.) This is 4 miles east of Dot
railway station. It consists of forty-seven claims making up part of the W.P. group,
which is held by Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd. In 1958 work by Noranda
Exploration Company consisted of surveying, geological mapping, and electromagnetic
surveying of the entire property. Some bulldozer trenching was done and existing roads
were improved. An electromagnetic anomaly that was trenched was reported to be due
to a thin coal-bed. Camp was established on the property and an average crew of six
men was employed from May to July under the supervision of D. Carson.
(50°  120° S.W.)    Company office,  1111,  1030 West Georgia
Northwestern      Street, Vancouver.   J. A. Gower, manager.  This company holds
Explorations,       the C.J.S. and J.S.S. groups.   The C.J.S. group adjoins the east
Limited boundary at the W.P. group and the west boundary of the Craig
mont property. The J.S.S. group is near Jesse Creek, 4 miles north
of Merritt. Work in 1958 was supervised by J. J. Brummer and C. S. Ney and consisted
of prospecting, geological mapping, magnetic surveying, and geochemical surveying. On
the C.J.S. group IVi miles of road was constructed. 28 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(50° 120° S.W.)    Company office, 204, 569 Howe Street, Van-
P. L. (New couver.    R. A. Brossard, president.   This company controls a
Hamil Silver-Lead   group of forty-eight recorded claims on the north side of the
Mines Ltd.)*       Merritt-Spences Bridge Highway, about 3 miles west of Lower
Nicola.   A magnetometer survey was carried out and about 700
feet of diamond drilling was done.   Four men were employed.   A. R. Allen supervised
the work.
(50° 120° S.W.)    This property, comprising two recorded claims,
Gem (New Jersey   is 5 miles south-southeast of Merritt, and about one-half mile south
Zinc Explorations   of the summit of Iron Mountain.   It is a part restaking of the old
Company (Canada) Leadville or Comstock of B.C. property.   Showings of lead-zinc
Ltd.)* mineralization were discovered in 1927 and development work was
done from 1927 to 1930, and again in 1947 when the property
was known as the Lucky Todd mine.   An inclined shaft was sunk 100 feet on a quartz-
barite-galena vein, at which point the vein is stated to have been displaced by a fault.
A total of 36 tons of ore was shipped in 1947.
The present company diamond drilled one hole 87 feet horizontally from a point
120 feet northeast of the shaft. Work was commenced on October 27th and finished on
November 5th. Two men were employed.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1928, p. 224; 1929, p. 245.
Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 249, p. 81.]
(49° 120° N.W.)    Company office, 902, 718 Granville Street,
Alscope Explora-   Vancouver.   N. Martini, president, Passaic, N.J., U.S.A., V. M.
tions Limited      Petroskey, secretary, Vancouver.    Capital:    10,000,000 shares,
no par value.    This company controls thirty-two claims in the
Kentucky Lake area.   A magnetometer survey was begun in the latter part of the year,
but was later suspended due to heavy snow conditions.
(50° 120° S.W.)   Company Office, 400, 837 West Hastings Street,
Torwest Resources Vancouver.    W. E. Garnett, president;   W. H. Taylor, resident
Limited manager.    This company controls fourteen Crown-granted and
146 recorded claims situated mainly on the north and east sides
of Swakum Mountain, 9 miles north of Nicola. Access is by road from Nicola up the
valleys of Clapperton and Shuta Creeks. The claims include a number of old properties
such as the Thelma, Alameda, Last Chance, and Gold Gozzan. Mineralization in this
area was discovered in 1916 and intermittent work has been done since that time; small
test shipments of gold, copper, lead, and zinc ores have been made. During the Second
World War the Last Chance group was investigated and diamond drilled as a possible
source of scheelite. The claims are entirely underlain by rocks of the Nicola group comprising greenstones interbedded with limestone. Mineral deposits include veins, disseminations, and replacements carrying lead, zinc, and copper minerals.
• By A. R. C. James.  30 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(51° 119° N.W.)   Head office, 550 Sherbrooke Street, Montreal;
Rexspar Uranium   mine office, Birch Island.   Philip Joseph, president, Montreal; John
& Metals Mining   W. Scott, manager, Birch Island.   Capital:   6,500,000 shares, $1
Company Limited   par value.   The Rexspar property is in the Red Ridge area, 2 to 3
miles south of Birch Island on the Canadian National Railway, 81
miles by rail or 90 miles by road north of Kamloops.   The property comprises 124 claims
and fractions, of which forty claims and fractions are held by Crown grant, seventy-three
claims and fractions by record, and eleven claims and fractions by lease from Deer Horn
Mines Limited.   A brief history and description of the property was given in the Annual
Report for 1957.
In 1958 no further exploration of the Rexspar orebodies was carried out. It is
reported that negotiations on the major financing necessary to bring the property into
production were still unconeluded at the end of 1958, but in the meantime the work begun
in 1957 in preparation for the construction of an aerial tram-fine and mill was continued.
In the main plant area 1,000 feet of spur track was laid, loading-platforms and storage
sheds were built by the track, the grinding-plant foundations were poured, and other building areas were stripped of topsoil and rough graded. A gravel pit near the plant-site
was worked and 800 cubic yards of aggregate stocked. The aerial tram-line right-of-way
was widened from 35 to 70 feet throughout the 900-foot length, all intermediate tower-
sites were graded and access roads built to them, and the upper tram-terminal site was
stripped and rough graded. On the property itself the B zone open-pit area was cleared
of trees and stumps and prepared for stripping. At the mine camp a small tunnel and
raise system totalling 120 feet was driven in the mine camp area to tap springs for a
permanent camp water-supply.
In addition to the Rexspar property, the company holds thirty-two claims by option
agreement and thirty-seven claims by record on Foghorn Mountain a few miles to the
south. In 1958 a 7-mile jeep-road was made from the Rexspar camp to this property.
Geiger and scintillometer surveys were carried out over a wide area, following up earlier
indications of radioactivity, and this work was followed by some trenching on the best
showings. It is reported by the company that the showings found were small and sporadic
though of high grade. Geophysical surveys, including self-potential, electromagnetic, and
soil-testing surveys, were carried out in an area of old lead-zinc showings, and some bulldozer trenching was done on anamolies found. The company reports that the results of
this work were rather discouraging but that some possibilities remain to be investigated.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1957, pp. 31-32; 1954, pp.
(49°  120°  S.W.)    Company office,  904,  1030 West Georgia
Ilk (Phelps Dodge   Street, Vancouver.  W. A. Hutchison, general manager, Toronto;
Corporation        D. C. Malcolm, resident geologist, Vancouver. The sixteen claims
of Canada, Ltd.)    and fractions comprising this property were optioned from Len and
Irvine Ashley in October, 1958.   It is the old Wheeler property in
the vicinity of Friday Creek, on the west side of the Similkameen River, about 10 miles
south of Princeton.   Access is by means of a 3-mile road leaving the Hope-Princeton
Highway at a point approximately 5 miles south of Whipsaw Creek.  The area is on the
margin of the Copper Mountain stock and the presence of copper mineralization has
been known for many years but prospecting has been difficult due to lack of outcrops.
* By A. R. C. James.  32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(49°  119° S.W.)    Company office, 1024, 85 Richmond Street
Horn Silver (Can-   West, Toronto 1, Ont.; mine office, Keremeos.   W. L. Hodgson,
ada Radium Cor-   president, Scarborough, Ont.;  H. Parliament, resident engineer,
poration Limited)   Keremeos.   Capital:  7,500,000 shares, no par value.  This company controls the old Horn Silver property, comprising the Horn
Silver and Silver Bell Crown-granted claims and seven recorded claims. The property is
on the east slope of Richter Mountain, 16 miles south of Keremeos and 4 miles north of
the Internationl Boundary.   Access is by road from Keremeos to a point near the foot of
Richter Mountain, from where a short side road leads to the ore-loading platform at
1,300 feet elevation. The adit portals at 2,622 feet elevation are reached by a steep jeep-
trail 1 mile long.
The property was first developed in the early years of the century. Further development and production took place from 1915 to 1933 when a total of 5,824 tons of ore
was mined, yielding 667 ounces of gold and 245,406 ounces of silver. The mine has been
developed from two adits—an east adit at 2,622 feet elevation and a west adit at 2,615
feet elevation. When the present company resumed development in 1958, there were
approximately 2,200 feet of open underground workings.
The orebodies consist of flat-lying veins in a hornblende-syenite intrusive of Meso-
zoic age which intrudes Pakeozoic quartzites and greenstones. The veins strike approximately east and dip as much as 30 degrees south. They range in width from a few inches
up to 6 feet, and are much disturbed by faulting. The vein material consists in some
places of hard banded quartz, and in others of soft crumbly quartz and gouge. The silver-
bearing minerals include native silver, argentite, and cerargyrite. Other minerals include
rather sparse pyrite, galena, sphalerite, and minor grey copper. Gold values occur in
places where pyrite is the predominant mineral.
The company began work at the end of April and continued to the end of the year.
The following is a summary of work done:—
Surface stripping  1,868
Drifting      415
Raising      130
Diamond drilling (underground)   1,721
A total of 54 tons of ore was shipped to the Trail and Tacoma smelters, yielding 15
ounces of gold and 3,684 ounces of silver. A tool-house, dry, and 100-ton ore-bin were
built, a jeep and tractor road 1 mile long was built from the ore-loading platform to the
main east adit, and a trail was made from the west adit on the Horn Silver claim to the
Silver Bell No. 5 claim.   An average crew of eight men was employed.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1928, p. 258.]
(49° 119° S.W.)   Head office, Trail; mine office, P.O. Box 337,
Fairview (The Con- Oliver. G. S. Ogilvie, property superintendent. This mine is about
solidated Mining    5 miles west of Oliver at an elevation of 3,080 feet.   Quartz is
and Smelting       mined and shipped to Trail for use as flux in the smelter.   The
Company of       quartz contains a small amount of gold and other metals.   The
Canada, Limited)   property comprises thirty-six Crown-granted claims, some of which
were originally located in the late nineties of the last century.
After many years of inactivity the property was revived in 1933 by Fairview Amalga-
• By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS 33
mated Gold Mines Limited, and some production took place from 1933 to 1939. The
mine remained inactive until 1946 when the present company commenced operations.
The orebody is a quartz vein ranging in width up to about 25 feet, striking northwestward and ranging in dip from 30 to 50 degrees northeast. In the present working
areas there are many small faults, and as the ground is difficult to hold in shrinkage
stope mining large pillars are left for support. The mine is at present worked from two
adit levels, both of which have been driven several thousand feet along the strike of the
vein. No. 6 level is the lowest adit and the haulage level, near the portal of which are the
dry-house, blacksmith-shop, ore-bin, and compressor-house. No. 3 level is the top level
and stoping is at present being done above it.
Ore mined in 1958 was from the 305-GH and the 305-J stopes. The 305-GH stope
was mined out by the middle of the year. By the end of the year the 305-J stope was
also mined out as a result of the vein being cut off by a fault striking southwestward across
the stope area.
Meanwhile No. 3 level was driven through the fault, and, finding the vein again,
was driven a further 188 feet on the vein. Box holes and chutes were made in preparation for a new stope. A raise was driven parallel to the north side of the fault to link
up with the surface raise, thus providing return ventilation for the new stope. Operations
were continuous throughout the year, and 35,708 tons of quartz was shipped. A crew
of ten men was employed at the end of the year. Six compensable accidents occurred
during the year.
(49° 119° S.E.)    Company office, 626 West Pender Street, Van-
Cariboo-Amelia     couver.   R. W. Hunstone, president; C. H. McLellan, superinten-
(H&W Mining     dent.    This private company hold the following Crown-granted
Company Limited)   claims under option from W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood:   Cariboo, Amelia, Emma, Alice, Maple Leaf, Sawtooth, Okanagan, and
Wiarton.   The property includes the old Cariboo-Amelia mine, the principal producer
of Camp McKinney.   This mine was in production from 1894 to 1903;  123,457 tons of
ore was milled and 69,581 ounces of gold was produced.    The camp has been inactive
since the early years of the century, although attempts at revival have been made during
the past fifty years.    The property is about 9 miles north of the International Boundary
and 6 miles north of Bridesville on the Trans-Provincial Highway.   A branch road leaving the highway at Rock Creek canyon, 3 miles east of Bridesville, passes through the
camp in a little more than 6 miles.   The property is at an elevation of 4,400 feet on the
lower southeastern slopes of Baldy Mountain.
The claims are underlain by a finely banded sedimentary series, the commonest rock
types being quartzites and greenstones. Production has come almost entirely from the
Cariboo vein, a quartz-filled fissure ranging up to 10 feet wide, striking westward and
dipping vertically or steeply southward. The vein has been traced underground for a
distance of 1,800 feet and to a depth of 530 feet. The mine was developed from a vertical shaft 360 feet deep to No. 4 level, and by a winze on the vein 200 feet to No. 6 level.
At the eastern limit of the mine workings the vein is cut off by a northerly striking fault
which dips westward at a low angle. Recent attempts to revive the property have been
directed toward finding the extension of the vein beyond this fault. In 1939 Pioneer
Gold Mines of B.C. Ltd. unwatered the mine and diamond drilled eleven holes on the
eastern extension of the vein, eight from surface and three underground. More recently
W. E. McArthur drilled several holes from surface. The present exploration programme
is directed to finding the vein beyond the boundary fault on No. 5 level.
» By A. R. C. James.
The present company began work on October 16th, 1958. A power-house and
shop buildings were erected, and a 40-horsepower, electrically driven, 11-stage, Byron
Jackson deepwell pump was installed at the old main shaft. The shaft was unwatered
to No. 3 level at 260 feet from the surface. The last 100 feet of the shaft was found to
be full of muck and had to be cleared. Then the unwatering was completed to No. 5
level at 480 feet from the surface. Work was still in progress at the end of the year.
A crew of fifteen men was employed.
[Reference: Hedley, M. S.: Geology of Camp McKinney and of the Cariboo-Amelia
Mine, B.C. Dept. of Mines, Bull. 6.]
(49° 119° S.E.)    Company office, 536 Howe Street, Vancouver.
Belchrome (Belair   W.   P.  Watson,   president,  Vancouver.    This   private   company
Mining Corpora-    controls about fifty claims in an area 2 miles northeast of Baldy
tion Ltd.) Mountain and 3 miles north of Camp McKinney.   Chromite show
ings occur on the Bridon group of claims. A description of the
property was given in the 1957 Annual Report. In 1958 a magnetometer survey was
carried on from May 1st to September 31st. Two men were employed under the supervision of John Tregilges.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1957, pp. 35-36.]
(49° 119° S.E.)    This property consists of the Belchrome Nos.
Sammy (Belair      1 to 8 claims.   It is not to be confused with the Belchrome prop-
Mining Corpora-    erty described in the previous note, but is a relocation of a low-
tion Ltd.) grade chromite showing 2.7 miles north of Rock Creek and 500
feet west of the Rock Creek—Kelowna road. The showing is on
the edge of the Westkettle River valley at the foot of a north-trending ridge; it has been
known for many years but little previous work has been done.
The area of the showings is underlain by serpentinized peridotite which is intrusive
into the surrounding altered volcanic and sedimentary rocks. Approximately 3,000
square feet of stripping was done in the early months of the year by B. A. Fenwick-
Wilson, and five trenches totalling 150 feet long were excavated. Later four X-ray
diamond-drill holes were drilled totalling 689 feet. The series of trenches disclosed
segregated chromite in talcose, serpentinized rock. The segregations range from disseminated grains of chromite to relatively high-grade lumps up to about 8 inches in diameter,
and occur over a width of from 10 to 23 feet as measured in the trenches. The serpentine
trends northeastward and has been exposed in the trenches intermittently over a length
of about 100 feet.   Beyond these limits the ground is covered with overburden.
The best width of the higher-grade material was 8 feet in the southwesterly trench.
The drill logs suggest that the surface showings of chromite are not continuous at depth,
but they indicate further segregations of chromite up to 30 feet thick about 100 feet below
the surface. A chip sample taken across 9 feet of the better-grade material in the southwest trench assayed: Chromic oxide, 8.87 per cent. A sample selected from high-grade
lumps assayed: Chromic oxide, 27.80 per cent.
* By A. R. C. James. LODE METALS
(49° 119° S.E.) Company office, 604, 789 West Pender Street,
Highland-Bell Vancouver; mine office, Beaverdell. K. J. Springer, president,
(Highland-Bell Toronto; O. S. Perry, manager; J. de Yaeger, mine superinten-
Limited) dent; A. D. Coggan, mill superintendent.  The mine is at Beaver
dell, 32 miles north of Rock Creek. The property consists of thirty
Crown-granted claims and six claims held by record. The mine consists of two sections—
the upper and lower workings. Both sections are in the same ore zone, but are separated
by a major fault known as the East Terminal fault, which dips 65 degrees to the east and
has a vertical displacement of 800 feet. The No. 4 adit, at 3,974 feet elevation on Wallace
Mountain, is the main haulage level for the upper mine. Access to the lower mine is by
the 2900 adit level, which was completed in July, 1955. The portal of this adit is Wz
miles northeasterly from the office at Beaverdell.
In 1958 stope development was continued in the lower mine, and two-thirds of the
production was from stopes mined from the 2900 and 3000 levels. Exploration was
directed to finding the faulted extension of the ore zone beyond the 2905 fault on the
southwest side of the workings. By August indications of the extension were found and
development was proceeding in this area at the year end.
In the upper mine the salvaging of pillars and ore remnants from Nos. 7, 8, 9, and 10
levels continued throughout the year, and approximately one-third of the total production
was from these operations.
A ventilation and emergency exit raise was begun in August to connect the upper
and lower mines across the East Terminal fault. The raise is being driven from the 3000
level in the lower mine to No. 10 level in the upper mine, a total distance of 770 feet.
At the end of 1958, 345 feet of the raise was completed. Ore was intersected in the raise
at 138 feet from the 3000 level, and the presence of mineable reserves has since been
confirmed by diamond drilling.
The following is a summary of mining operations in 1958:—■
Drifting ft. 646
Crosscutting ft. 256
Raising  ft. 603
Diamond drilling ft. 6,926
Ore mined tons 19,083
Construction work in 1958 included the building of a new concrete-block powder
magazine near the 2900 level portal and the installation of a heavier transmission-line
between mine and mill.
The ore from both mines is trucked to the mill, which is adjacent to a spur of the
Canadian Pacific Railway at Beaverdell. The mill operated continuously throughout the
At the end of the year a crew of forty-two men was employed, of whom twenty-six
were underground. There were four compensable accidents reported during the year.
It is gratifying to report that in 1958, for the first time in the history of the Highland-Bell
mine, a mine-rescue team was entered in the competition organized by the Central B.C.
Mine Safety Association at Hope. Although a novice team, it won third place in the
* By A. R. C. James. 36 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
(49°  119° S.E.)    Company office, 530, 470 Granville Street,
Bounty Fraction    Vancouver.    K. E. Wickstrom, president.   This company controls
(Sheritt Lee Mines  a group of six Crown-granted claims and fractions on Wallace
Ltd.) Mountain.    The property is about a mile south of the original
Highland-Bell property and is 5 miles by road from Beaverdell.
The showings were discovered early in the century and intermittent development work
has been done in the past fifty years and small shipments made. The present company
began work on July 2nd. Parts of the old workings on the Bounty fraction were cleaned
out.and retimbered. A raise was driven 30 feet to surface, and a winze was sunk 25 feet.
Toward the end of the year a new adit was started about 25 feet vertically below the old
adit. Approximately 1,000 feet of diamond drilling was done. A bunk-house, compressor-house, and ore-bin were erected. A crew of four men was employed under the
supervision of K. E. Wickstrom.
(49°   118° S.W.)    Company office,  1111  West Georgia Street,
Phoenix Copper     Vancouver; mine office, Davis Block, Grand Forks.   L. T. Postle,
Company Limited   president, Vancouver;  J. H. Parliament, manager, Grand Forks.
Capital:   3,000,000 shares, no par value.   Phoenix Copper Company Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited and controls thirty-six claims in the Phoenix area.
Twenty-eight of these are Crown-granted and eight are held by record.    The Granby
company resumed work on this property in 1955 after an interval of thirty-six years.
The renewal of interest was stimulated by the then prevailing high price of copper and
the possibility of cheap open-pit mining.    Throughout the subsequent period of decline
and partial recovery of copper prices, work has proceeded on a reduced scale with the
object of preparing the property so that it may be put into production at short notice
as soon as economic conditions are favourable.
In 1958 installation of machinery and equipment for the crushing plant and 750-ton
mill was continued, and the transfer-house and conveyor-ways were partially built. The
tailings dams were partially finished and 7,000 feet of concrete tailings line was installed.
Mining was confined to the removal of waste rock and overburden from the Snow-
shoe area in preparation for open-pit mining; a total of 90,240 tons of waste was
removed. A small amount of ore, totalling 5,030 tons, was sorted out during mining
and stockpiled near the concentrator. The main roads from the pit to the mill were
improved and widened. Some rehabilitation was done in the old Victoria shaft, the
main source of water for the camp. A limited amount of geological mapping was also
A total crew of twenty-three men was employed at the year end.    No compensable
accidents were reported.
(49° 117° S.W.)   This prospect is on the west side of the Colum-
W.D. bia River, 3 miles south of Trail, and is owned and operated by
E. Wells and F. Donelly, of Trail. It was at one time known as
the Casino Red Cap. Mining was continued on a small quartz fissure vein at the base
of a rock bluff immediately above the uppermost river bench between Casino Creek and
Trail. Two drifts, each 200 feet long and 25 feet apart in elevation, were driven in a
southerly direction on the vertical vein. A stope 150 feet long and 6 feet wide was mined
between the levels.   A small amount of crosscutting was done, both westerly and north-
* By A. R. C. James.
t By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
erly, on the bottom level. The mine plant consisted of a portable compressor and an
ore-bin. Work was done intermittently and the ore obtained was trucked to the Trail
Production:   Ore shipped,  1,140 tons.    Gross content:   Gold, 649 oz.;   silver,
230 oz.
(Venango Gold
Mines Limited)
(49°  117° S.E.)    Company office, 459 Baker Street, Nelson.
D. H. Norcross, president.    This company owns four Crown-
granted mineral claims, one-half mile south of the Blewett road
and immediately west of Eagle Creek.   The property adjoins that
held by the former Kenville Gold Mines Limited.   A small amount
of surface stripping and 650 feet of diamond drilling were done to prospect the extension
of a quartz vein and in an attempt to locate the source of molybdenite float found on the
(49° 117° S.E.)    This old mine is under lease from The Consoli-
Silver King dated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, by
A. Burgess, of Ymir. The lower or Dandy adit at 5,500 feet elevation is reached by 9 miles of rough road southwest of Nelson. This adit extends about
2,400 feet to the old Silver King vertical shaft. Approximately 18 tons of ore was mined
from a small lens on the surface near the portal of the Dandy adit and was shipped to
the Trail smelter. A further 25 tons of lower-grade ore was produced from 12 feet of
raising and some stoping at a point 800 feet within the Dandy portal. This ore was not
shipped. A bulldozer was used to strip a 100-foot-long trench on the Dandy vein, 800
feet southeast of and at a higher elevation than the Dandy portal. This work disclosed
some lead ore with a high copper content. Further exploration was prevented by the
onset of winter.
Production:  Ore shipped, 18 tons.   Gross content:  Gold, 0.6 oz.; silver, 194 oz.;
copper, 2,187 lb.; lead, 1,578 lb.
Goodenough, Ymir (Americonda Mines Limited).—(49° 117° S.E.) Company
office, 117 West Broadway, Waukesha, Wisconsin; mine office, Ymir. This company
holds under option the Goodenough and Ymir mines on Ymir Creek, 6 miles by road
northeast of Ymir. One man was employed intermittently retimbering in the No. 2
adit of the Goodenough mine.
Tamarac.—(49° 117° S.E.) George Powell and Austin K. Greenway, of Lillooet,
reopened by bulldozer the IVi-mile section of road extending northwestward from the
Goodenough to the Tamarac mine.
■ By J. E. Merrett. 38
Erie Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
Arlington (New
Arlington Mines
Company office, 609 Baker Street, Nelson.   J. A. Russell, Edmonton, president.    Capital:   3,500,000 shares, $1 par value.    This
company owns the Arlington mine on Rest Creek, 7 miles by road
from Salmo.   A 125-ton mill on site was operated before 1954,
treating dump material.    G. D. Fox and R. W. Linn, of Trail,
working under a lease arrangement, did a small amount of drifting on the 400 level immediately below a stoped area.   Thirty tons of ore, including 1.46 tons of mill clean-up
concentrates, was trucked to the Trail smelter.
Sheep Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
This mine, which was formerly part of the Reno holdings in the
Nugget Sheep Creek area, is owned and operated by A. Endersby, of Fruit-
vale. Mining was continued in the Nugget upper workings, which
are 6 miles by road up Fawn Creek from the Sheep Creek road. Additional stoping was
done on No. 4 level of the Calhoun vein, about 1,100 feet from the portal. The back
of the stope was raised to a height of 50 feet by shrinkage methods on a nearly vertical
quartz vein which ranges in width from 2 to 6 feet. The ore was sorted and trucked to
the Trail smelter.
Ventilation is by natural circulation of air up through the old lower workings, and
compressed air for drilling is supplied through 2 miles of pipe by a water-driven compressor in the Reno mill building on the north bank of Sheep Creek.
Iron Mountain (49° 117° S.E.)
Emerald, Jersey,
Dodger, Feeney
(Canadian Exploration Limited)
Head office, 700 Burrard Building, Vancouver; mine office, Salmo.
G. A. Gordon, general manager; J. D. Little, assistant general
manager; C. M. McGowan, plant superintendent; R. G. Weber,
mine superintendent; H. A. Steane, general mill superintendent;
R. J. MacLeod, superintendent, tungsten concentrator; E. A. Erick-
son, superintendent, lead-zinc concentrator. This company is a
wholly owned subsidiary of Placer Development Limited. The Emerald, Feeney, Dodger,
and Jersey mines, the tungsten concentrator, and the main camp are located on the summit between Sheep Creek and Lost Creek. The property is reached by two roads which
leave the Nelson-Nelway Highway 4 and 5>Vi miles respectively south of Salmo. The
lead-zinc concentrator is on the Nelson-Nelway Highway and is served from the mine
by a series of underground conveyors. The average number of employees was 223, a
decrease of 117 from the average for 1957. The following report, prepared by the
management, is a synopsis of the 1958 operations:—
"Emerald.—All tungsten ore produced in 1958 was mined in the Emerald. Mining
of ore remnants above 3800 level, the lowest adit, was completed by both open-pitting
and underground mining. The Emerald orebody below 3800 level was developed by a
three-compartment, 32-degree inclined shaft. All ore developed by this shaft from the
2730 level to 3800 level was mined by July 31st, the date on which the mine closed.
" Feeney .—This tungsten mine, 800 feet north of the northern end of the Emerald
workings, has been idle since 1955 and is considered about mined out.
"Dodger.—Mining of tungsten ore was completed in 1957.
* By J. E. Merrett. LODE METALS
"Invincible.—No work has been done in this area since October, 1957.
"Tungsten Concentrator.—The milling rate decreased from 12,000 tons per month
in January and February to 8,000 tons per month thereafter. As of July 31st the milling
of tungsten ore ceased, but clean-up operations in the concentrator continued through
August and September.
"Jersey.—Operation of the Jersey lead-zinc mine continued at an approximate
rate of 32,000 tons per month. Because of the thinner, more steeply dipping nature of
the E, F, and G orebodies, increasingly more ore was mined by conventional mining
methods, i.e., open-stope mining using jacklegs and slushers. Mining of ore remnants in
the track area of the south end accounted for some 30 per cent of the lead-zinc ore production. At the end of 1958 production from trackless mining methods accounted for
approximately 50 per cent of the monthly production. It is expected that this amount
will decrease as the development of thinner ore bands continues. Trackless haulage will
continue to provide the main method of ore transportation.
"Lead-Zinc Concentrator.—The milling rate averaged 32,000 tons per month. The
grade of the ore was approximately 4.2 per cent zinc and 2.3 per cent lead. Tailings were
impounded in the tailings pond situated near the Salmo River. The concentrates were
shipped to Kellogg, Idaho."
This property, comprising eighteen Crown-granted mineral claims
Tungsten King      and fractions, is adjoined on the north by the Emerald and Jersey
holdings of Canadian Exploration Limited, and on the south by
the Truman holdings of American Zinc, Lead and Smelting Company. Access is by way
of 2 miles of road up Lost Creek from the Salmo-Nelway Highway, or by 1 mile of road
from the new Creston—Salmo Highway. The property is owned by E. and R. O. Oscarson,
of Spokane, Wash., and L. R. Clubine, of Salmo.
At a point approximately 1 mile south-southwest of the Jersey open-pit, bulldozing
and surface blasting discontinuously over a distance of 800 feet has disclosed several
lead-zinc-iron mineralized showings in limestone. Most work was done on the east half,
where a little more stripping would provide a continuous section 400 feet long.
Boulder Mill Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
This property is 4.8 miles north of Salmo on the first north-flowing
Clubine Comstock tributary of Boulder Mill Creek, a tributary of Salmo River.   It is
owned by L. R. Clubine and under lease to Darrell Fisher and
Davis Bonfield, all of Salmo.   On the surface the road to the mine and ore-bin was reopened, while underground No. 5 and No. 6 levels were reopened to provide ventilation.
Some ore was recovered above No. 5 level at its northwest extremity.
Aspen Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
H.B. (The Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company
J. C. MacLean, property superintendent; H. G. Barker, mine
superintendent; N. Doyle, mill superintendent. The H.B. mine is
on the west side of Aspen Creek, with the main camp located on
the north side of Sheep Creek, 7 miles by road from Salmo. Zinc-
of Canada, Limited) lead replacement orebodies in dolomite have been developed by
two adits connected by an interior two-compartment vertical shaft.
The hoistroom is on the 3500 level, and the main haulage is the lowest or 2800 level.
Long ore-pass systems extend from the 2800 level to the ore zones. Most of the production came from two orebodies above the 3300 level, where mining was done by blast
holing to pillar slots above slusher drifts.   The orebodies strike north and are roughly 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
parallel to each other, about 150 feet apart, and have a rake to the south of about 20
degrees. In cross-section they are lenticular, and are nearly vertical. The average
width is 50 feet, and the maximum height is 450 feet. Development work over a period
of years has outlined the No. 1 or east orebody for a length of 1,400 feet along which
mining was.done for a length of 1,000 feet. The No. 2 or west orebody was being mined
over a length of 600 feet. Additional ore was obtained from; two flat-lying ore zones
adjacent to, but west of, No. 1 orebody. In 1958 a new haulage crosscut was being
driven eastward from the 2800 level to a point where a new ore-pass can be driven to
service No. 1 orebody south of the present workings.
The milling rate averaged 38,100 tons per month, the highest in the Nelson district.
This was an increase above the rate in 1957. The average number of men employed
decreased to 116, of whom fifty were employed underground.
An excellent safety record was achieved—one lost-time accident of five days duration was the only accident recorded.
(49° 117° S.E.) Company office, 413 Granville Street, Vancou-
Reeves MacDonald ver; mine office, Remac. W. L. Zeigler, Metaline Falls, Wash.,
Mines Limited general manager; L. M. Kinney, Metaline Falls, Wash., general
superintendent; F. R. Thompson, property superintendent; J.
Kozar, mine superintendent; J. S. Steele, mill superintendent. Capital: 3.000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company owns the Reeves MacDonald mine on the Pend
d'Oreille River, on the Nelway-Waneta road, 4 miles west of Nelway. Zinc-lead replacement bodies in limestone have been developed from the main haulage or 1900 level. The
Reeves orebody, 3,500 feet from the 1900 portal, has furnished most of the ore produced
to date and has been almost mined out above the 1900 level, but 24 per cent of the 1958
production came from recovery of ore in the hangingwall and footwall areas marginal to
this part of the Reeves orebody. Above the 1900 level the Reeves orebody is developed
from an internal 55-degree inclined shaft extending from the 1900 level to the 2650 level.
The lower section of the Reeves orebody is being developed by a 52-degree inclined
winze in the footwall of the orebody. Ore was encountered about 200 feet above the
bottom or 1100 level, and at this point the winze was steepened to 62 degrees. Crosscuts
have been driven to the footwall on the 1100, 1320, 1520, and 1690 levels, and connecting raises have been driven on line from the crosscuts to form a pilot raise for No. 3
shaft. The pilot raise has been enlarged downward to dimensions of 19 by 9 feet and
has been shaft timbered to a depth of 295 feet below the 1900 level.
Three other orebodies were being mined in 1958. These were the B.L.. O'Donnell.
and No. 4 ore zones, respectively, about 1.000, 3,100, and 3,250 feet east of the Reeves
orebody. They are believed to be faulted segments of the upper section of the Reeves
orebody.   The No. 4 zone was discovered recently and is being explored.
Six per cent of the annual tonnage came from primary stoping in the B.L. zone,
50 per cent from primary stoping in the O'Donnell zone (which is now mined out below
the 2350 level), and 26 per cent from pillar recovery in the Reeves and O'Donnell zones.
In general, ore is removed by blasting to pillar slots above scram drifts.
The mill operated continuously at an average rate of 34,800 tons per month. Mill-
heads averaged 3.85 per cent zinc and 1.24 per cent lead. Concentrates were shipped
to smelters in the United States.   The number employed averaged 126.
This property comprises sixteen Crown-granted mineral claims and
Red  Birdt fractions owned by Hecla Mining Company, of Wallace, Idaho.
The claims are on the south side of the Pend d'Oreille River adjoin-
* By J. E. Merrett, except as noted,
t By J. T. Fyles. LODE METALS
ing and west of claims of the Reeves MacDonald property. The main showings are
between elevations of 2,500 and 3,000 feet on the north slope of a steep valley draining
eastward toward the Pend d'Oreille River.
The property is an old one, and little work has been done on it since 1929. Access
was formerly by means of a trail from the old bridge across the Pend d'Oreille River about
Wz miles downstream from the Reeves MacDonald mine. In 1957 the Hecla company
built about a mile of road from Russian Creek near the International Boundary to the
The showings are in zones of oxidized zinc and lead minerals in limestone. Old
workings include three adits, now caved, a shaft, and several open-cuts. In 1958 Hecla
company, employing six men, did a considerable amount of bulldozer stripping and 427
feet of diamond drilling in two holes. The strippings exposed a number of narrow lenses
of rusty gossan carrying secondary zinc and lead minerals. One stripping which deepened an old cut, called the Beerbottle cut, disclosed an oxidized zone extending for 80
feet along one wall of the stripping. The oxidized zones cover a wide area but so far
continuity between the lenses and the pattern of their distribution is not apparent.
„     ,„. Riondel (49° 116° N.W.)
Company office, Trail;   mine office, Riondel.    D. S. Campbell,
Bluebell (The Con- property superintendent; J. B. Donald, mine superintendent; T. F.
solidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada,
Walton, mill superintendent. This property is at Riondel on a
small peninsula on the east shore of Kootenay Lake, 6 miles by
road north of the ferry landing at Kootenay Bay. The ore deposits
are sulphide replacement bodies in a limestone band that crosses
the peninsula and dips westward under the lake. The Bluebell ore
zone is in the central part, the Comfort near the north, and the Kootenay Chief ore zone
is at the south end of the peninsula.
This property has been in operation for many years. The orginal underground
development was done from a 35-degree inclined shaft sunk in the vicinity of the Bluebell
ore zone. In 1929 an inclined shaft was sunk in the vicinity of the Comfort ore zone,
and an adit was driven in the Kootenay Chief area. In 1949 drifts were driven from the
225 level of the Bluebell shaft to connect with the Comfort shaft and to the Kootenay
Chief ore zone. At a point approximately 1,000 feet south of the Bluebell 225 level
station a raise was driven at an inclination of 35 degrees to connect with a winze extending down to the 75 level of the Kootenay Chief workings. The raises were enlarged to
7 by 20 feet to form a three-compartment shaft known as the No. 1 shaft. This shaft
was later extended to a total slope length of 1,876 feet with a bottom elevation of 810
feet, being 740 feet below the surface of Kootenay Lake. In order to simplify delineation,
the levels were recently renumbered as follows, the zero level remaining the same: 75 level
to No. 1 level, 225 level to No. 2 level, 300 level to No. 2a level, 375 level to No. 3 level,
525 level to No. 5 level, 675 level to No. 6 level, 825 level to No. 8 level.
Mining and development operations were, as in recent years, confined to the Comfort
and Kootenay Chief ore zones, with most of the work being done in the latter area.
Development work completed in 1958 was as follows: 3,680 feet of drifting, 2,006 feet
of crosscutting, 2,917 feet of raising, and 16,782 feet of diamond drilling completed in
250 drill-holes. This work was done for local exploration, in extending 5 level north
drift from No. 1 shaft to the Bluebell shaft and north toward the Comfort zone, and in
preparation for the sinking of a vertical shaft below No. 8 level in the footwall area
behind No. 1 shaft.
* By J. E. Merrett. 42
A total of 47,262 cubic yards of backfill was placed in empty stopes. This amount
was composed of 10,393 cubic yards of gravel and 36,869 cubic yards of deslimed tailings.
In December, 1958, the average amount of water pumped from the mine was
4,660,000 imperial gallons per day (3,236 gallons per minute). The capacity of the
pump stations was further increased by the addition of a 300-horsepower 1,000-gallons-
per-minute pump to No. 5 level station and three 150-horsepower 1,000-gallons-per-
minute pumps to No. 8 level station. To provide power to operate the pumps, electrical
services, including a new larger 6,900-volt cable and transformers, were installed on
No. 8 level.
The induced ventilation of the mine was maintained at 150,000 cubic feet of air per
minute. Some local changes were made in air distribution which resulted in improved
ventilation of COo contaminated areas. To safeguard mine ventilation in case of a power
failure, a 150-kilowatt diesel standby generating unit was installed in the power-house.
In addition to this a 375-kva. diesel generating unit has been obtained and will be installed,
together with the other standby unit, in an extension to the compressor building.
Mine-rescue and first-aid classes were held in the spring. The mine-rescue team,
captained by B. Ramage, was successful in winning the West Kootenay competition, and
represented that district in the Provincial competition in Victoria. Among the awards
received during the year were both the Dominion and Regional John T. Ryan Safety
Trophies for 1957, and also the Award of Merit of the B.C. Safety Council for 1,000,000
man-hours of accident-free operation. There were three lost-time accidents during the
The average number of persons employed was 284, of whom 160 were employed
The concentrator treated 255,859 tons of ore, or 701 tons per calendar day. The
concentrates were shipped to the Trail smelter.
(49° 116° N.W.) Thomas Lane, of Ainsworth, holds by location
these two mineral claims, situated on the east shore of Kootenay
Lake about 2 miles north of the Kootenay Bay ferry landing. The
mineral occurrence consists of four parallel narrow quartz veins striking north 36 degrees
east and dipping 68 degrees southeast. Occasional transverse quartz stringers connect
adjoining veins. The veins are in paragneiss of the Lardeau series that dips flatly under
Kootenay Lake. Two very narrow bands of limestone lie within the rocks through which
the veins pass.
The main vein is exposed below the lake high-water mark, approximately 1,500 feet
south of the main transmission-line. Trenching and open-pits have exposed the vein or
fissure more or less continuously for a distance of 250 feet. The vein ranges in width
erratically from nil to 6 inches, and is mineralized with galena, sphalerite, and pyrite in
vuggy quartz. Several years ago The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited, drilled three flat diamond-drill holes on this occurrence, but the results
of this drilling were not known to the owner. Four samples taken along the vein at its
wider and better-mineralized points assayed as follows:—
Sample No.
Oz. per Ton
Oz. per Ton
Per Cent
Per Cent
45 feet northeast No. 1 	
197 feet northeast No. 1	
239 feet northeast No. 1.	
Highlander, etc.
(Yale Lead & Zinc
Mines Limited)
Ainsworth (49° 116° N.W.)*
This recorded claim on Coffee Creek, adjacent to the highway
Belle Aire bridge, is owned by Sven Hallgren, who extended the main adit
a distance of 50 feet to a total length of 120 feet.   The work was
done on a quartz vein having an average width of 2 feet and containing small lenses of
galena and sphalerite.
Company office, 525 Seymour Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Ainsworth. H. W. Knight, president; P. E. Olson, mine manager;
E. Pickard, mine superintendent, succeeded in September by M.
Laughton; C. Anderson, mill superintendent. Capital: 5,000,000
shares, $1 par value. This company controls most of the mineral
claims lying between Coffee and Cedar Creeks in the Ainsworth camp. The crushing
plant, mill, and main haulage adit are below and the mine plant and Highlander adit are
above the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, about three-quarters of a mile south of Ainsworth.
A third of the ore produced was obtained from new development, while the remainder
was from salvage of pillars and remnant ore blocks. The production was obtained from
the Highlander vein, of which the Banker and Albion ore zones are parts. Three 225-foot-
long crosscuts were driven at 420-foot intervals into the hangingwall of the 1900 level
commencing at a point 960 feet north of the 1900 level main crosscut. At the end of
1958 diamond drilling was being done from these crosscuts to determine if the ore zone
continued below the 1900 level. The mining and removal of ore was completed late in
the year, and except for the diamond drilling the operation closed on December 12th.
At the beginning of 1958, fifty-seven men were employed, of whom thirty-four were
employed underground. The crew gradually decreased throughout the year, until at the
time of closing forty-two men were employed, twenty-two of whom were underground.
The concentrator treated 51,460 tons of ore from the mine. The zinc concentrate
produced was stockpiled and the lead concentrate was shipped to the Trail smelter.
Custom milling was done on ore from the Kootenay Florence at Ainsworth and the
Caledonia at Blaylock.
Company office, 850 West Hastings Street, Vancouver; mine office,
Kootenay Florence,  Ainsworth.    H. M. Wright, president;   H. M. Turner, superin-
Lakeshore (Western tendent.   Capital:  3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.   This company
Mines Limited)     owns a large group of mineral claims lying south of Lendrum
Creek and astride Princess Creek.   The mine plant and mill are
on the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, 2 miles north of Ainsworth.
M. B. Sirak and Lloyd Johnstone, lessees, mined stope pillars and ore remnants
along 938 raise, which connects No. 9 and No. 5 levels. The ore was hand-sorted, the
high-grade material being trucked to the Trail smelter and the low-grade material to the
Yale Lead & Zinc concentrator. Compressed air was supplied initially by a small Pelton-
driven compressor, and later by the mine compressor.
On the surface 3,000 feet of truck-road was constructed from the Lakeshore adit
southward to the Nicolet workings.
(49° 117° N.E.)    Company office, 1519 Marine Building, 355
Scranton (Scranton Burrard Street, Vancouver.   A. A. Loeb, president; C. J. Bailer,
Mines Limited)     general manager.   Capital:   3,000,000 shares, $1 par value.  This
company owns the Scranton group of claims in Kokanee Glacier
Park, astride Pontiac Creek, a northerly flowing tributary of Woodbury Creek.   The mine
* By J. E. Merrett. 44 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1958
camp is on Pontiac Creek, at an elevation of 5,600 feet, IIY2 miles by road from a point
on the Nelson-Kaslo Highway, 8 miles south of Kaslo. The group consists of fourteen
claims, including the Granite, Sunrise, Grandview, Scranton, Pontiac, and Tecumsie
Crown-granted claims. Two men were employed with a bulldozer reopening the mine
road and surface stripping at several points on outcrops of quartz veins in the vicinity
of the mine.
(49° 116° N.W.)    An excavation, 150 feet long and as much as
Logan 40 feet deep, was made in a clay hillside IV2 miles west of Kaslo
on the north side of the New Denver road. This work was done in
search of an occurrence of chalcopyrite reportedly encountered while sinking a well at
this site several years ago. Two diamond-drill holes, each 40 feet in length, were drilled.
The work was abandoned when no ore was encountered. The work was done under the
direction of J. Hunt, of Kaslo, and J. Murison, of Edmonton.
(49° 1170 N E )    Company office, 717 West Pender Street, Van-
Utica (Lajo couver; mine office, Kaslo.   T. S. Lathrop, New York, president;
Mines Limited) J. A. Cooper, manager. This company holds a long-term lease on
the Utica mine (which had been operated under lease from 1953
to 1956 by J. A. Cooper) from Utica Mines (1937) Limited. The mine is at the head
of Twelve Mile Creek, about 15 miles by road from Kaslo. The main level is the No. 7
adit, which is connected by raise to the No. 4 adit. A sublevel, No. 5, has been driven
from the raise to develop two parallel veins known as the East and West veins. The ore
sections on the nearly vertical veins contain 1 to 6 inches of galena having a high silver
content. Stoping was done under contract on both veins above and below No. 5 level,
mostly on the East vein. The ore was brought to surface by diesel locomotive on No. 7
level and concentrated in the 50-ton mill. Lead and zinc concentrates were trucked to
the Trail smelter. Nine men were employed, but the operation was suspended in mid-
(50° 117° S.E.)   Company office, 609 Baker Street, Nelson; mine
Caledonia office, Kaslo.   Charles Lind, Kaslo, president and manager.   Capi-
(Caledonia Mines   tal:   100,000 shares, 50 cents par value.    This company optioned
Limited) the Caledonia mine near Blaylock from G. E. McCready, of Kaslo.
A raise was commenced at a point 200 feet from No. 2 adit portal
to connect with No. 1 level in order to improve ventilation.    From this raise, and an
adjacent stope, 350 tons of ore was extracted, of which 157 tons was trucked to the Yale
Lead & Zinc concentrator.   This work was suspended in mid-November and a crew of
four men commenced driving a 550-foot crosscut from the side of the Kaslo-New Denver
road to intersect the downward projection of the vein from No. 1 and No. 2 levels, 220
feet below No. 2 level.
(50° 117° S.E.)    Company office, 1500 Marine Building, Van-
Star, Wellington    couver; mine office, Retallack.   Edward L. Borup, president and
(Blue Star Mines    manager; T. R. Buckham, superintendent.   This company controls
Limited) the Star group of recorded claims and has a lease on the old Wel
lington mine near Retallack.   The Star claims are 2 miles north of
* By J. E. Merrett.   LODE METALS
trucked to Sandon and concentrated in the Carnegie mill.   The number of men employed
was reduced from forty-seven to nineteen.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 373 Baker Street, Nelson.
H. F. Magnuson, Wallace, Idaho, president and acting manager.
Capital: 5,000,000 shares, 50 cents par value. This company
owns a large group of claims southwest of Sandon. The claims
lie between the holdings of Violamac Mines Limited and those of
Carnegie Mining Corporation Limited. The drift, commenced in 1956 between the
Pearson adit and Tributary Creek, was extended to a total length of 75 feet. The work
disclosed a short, foot-wide section of galena in a quartz vein. Two men were employed.
At the end of December a profit-sharing working agreement was entered into with Violamac Mines Limited for the development of the property.
Wonderful (Silver
Ridge Mining
Company Limited)
Mammoth, Standard, Monarch,
Enterprise (Western Exploration
Company Limited)
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 38 South Dearborn Street,
Chicago, 111.; mine office, Silverton. M. P. McCullough, Chicago,
president; A. M. Ham, Silverton, managing director; J. M. Mc-
Dearmid, manager; R. A. Avison, mine superintendent; C. E.
Towgood, mill superintendent. Capital: 2,000,000 shares, 50
cents par value. A management contract is held by H. L. Hill and
Associates, consulting mining engineers, Vancouver. The company
owns the Mammoth, Monarch, and Standard mines near Silverton, and the Enterprise
mine on Enterprise Creek, 12Vi miles by road south of Silverton. Stope mining was
continuous throughout the year, with about equal amounts of ore being produced from
the Mammoth and Monarch orebodies. The Mammoth main haulage is the No. 7 adit,
which is connected by a 45-degree raise to No. 9 level, 340 feet below. The ore from
this area was obtained by square-set stoping between No. 9 and No. 8 levels. On No. 7
level the Monarch orebody was explored by a raise from the Hecla drift to the Monarch
adit, 310 feet vertically above. A sublevel was established in 1957 midway between
levels from it and an orebody was developed that produced half the 1958 ore supply.
All ore was delivered to the mill via the 16,000-foot tram-line, the upper terminal of
which is at the portal of No. 7 adit. No. 12 adit, at 4,290 feet elevation, was commenced
on the east side of Avison Creek and was driven to intersect the downward projection
of the Mammoth orebody. This crosscut, more than 2,500 feet long, for the most part
parallels the Buffalo vein. The crosscut intersected the Buffalo vein in two places where
considerable sphalerite was seen. In December the face of the crosscut was close to, but
west of, the believed favourable zone. Late in December stope mining in the upper levels
was suspended because of lack of ore. The concentrator ceased operating at the same
The Standard and Enterprise mines remained idle. Custom milling was done on
several lots of ore. The crew numbered seventy in January and was reduced to forty-six
at the time of closing.
(49° 117° N.E.) Company office, 511, 850 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. R. Crowe-Swords, president. Capital: 3,000,000
shares, 50 cents par value. The Bosun mine is on the east shore
of Slocan Lake, IV2 miles south of New Denver on the Nelson-
Nakusp Highway. The main haulage, No. 6 adit, is driven beneath
the highway from a site 40 feet above the lake. W. H. McLeod, of Silverton, with the
aid of a partner, has operated a lease intermittently since 1956.    A small amount of
* By J. E. Merrett.
Bosun (New
Santiago Mines
exploratory raising and diamond drilling was done in the west central section. However,
the main work completed was the sinking of a winze 40 feet on the vein in the centre
section at the intersection of the main vein and No. 6 level crosscut. A 2-foot vein,
mineralized with galena and sphalerite, was exposed on the east wall of the winze. Additional sulphide mineralization was disclosed above a false hangingwall and will be mined
with the vein material.
(49° 117° N.E.)    Company office, 532 Burrard Street, Vancou-
Van Roi, Hewitt    ver.   Capital, 5,000,000 shares, no par value.   This company owns
(Slocan Van Roi     the Van Roi and Hewitt mines, 6V2 miles by road southeast of
Mines Limited)     Silverton. Transcontinental Resources Limited has directional control.   E. Derosa and M. Tarnowski mined 104 tons of ore under
lease between No. 9 and No. 10 levels in the Hewitt mine, and L. Fried and V. Hansen
mined 260 tons of ore on No. 4 sublevel in the Van Roi mine.   The ore from both mines
was trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton.    All mining equipment was
removed from both mines and stored at the Van Roi mill, 1 mile south of Silverton on
the Nelson-Nakusp Highway.
(49° 117° N.E.) The Noonday mine is on Gold Creek just east
Noonday of the Galena Farm mine.    It was under lease to K. Millar and
H. Lyon, of Silverton, who made a shipment of 88 tons of ore to
the Western Exploration mill at Silverton. An outcrop of ore was exposed by hydrau-
licking in the bed of Gold Creek immediately below the lowest portal of the Noonday
(49° 117° N.E.) This property of two Crown-granted mineral
Fisher Maiden      claims owned by F. Mills, of Silverton, is on Silverton Creek, 8
miles by road from Silverton. No. 3 level on the south vein was
reopened, and 206 tons of ore was removed from an old stope above the level and was
trucked to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton. The caved portal of No. 3 level
of the north vein, approximately 300 feet north of the south vein, was reopened and
retimbered for a distance of 60 feet.
(49° 117° NE.)    Company office, 2, 415 Baker Street, Nelson;
Westmont (Silver   mine office, Silverton.   Capital:    100,000 shares, $1 par value.
King Mines        B. F. Marasek, president and manager.   This company holds under
Limited) option from J. A. Cullinane, of the Ellis Syndicate of Nelson, nine
Crown-granted mineral claims and fractions on the north side of
Enterprise Creek, opposite the Enterprise mine. Access is by 5.6 miles of road from the
Nelson-Nakusp Highway. The one-half mile of old road between the mine and Enterprise Creek road was reopened, and a 30-foot bridge was constructed over Westmont
Creek. A portable ore-bin of 60 tons capacity was constructed near the portal of No. 4
adit. This portal was reopened and retimbered from the surface to the intersection of the
main vein, a distance of 200 feet. West of the intersection, caved ground was cleared
sufficiently to provide access to the bottom of the old stope area, approximately 1,000
feet west. This work permitted the re-establishment of natural ventilation. At the intersection of the crosscut and main vein a stope has been prepared for mining. Immediately
west of this point, a crosscut 35 feet long was driven into the footwall following a narrow
silver-bearing quartz vein. East of the intersection, 100 feet of drifting was done on the
main vein and 425 tons of ore was removed from a stope above the drift. The stope back
was close to the surface. The quartz vein in this stope ranged in width from 6 inches to
2 feet and was well mineralized with galena, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, ruby silver, and
native silver. The ore produced was shipped to the Western Exploration mill at Silverton
and to the Trail smelter.   A crew of three was employed.  50
Ferguson (50° 117° N.E.)
Company office, Trail.   A. Peterson, Trail, manager.   These prop-
Black Warrior,      erties, optioned from J. Main, of Ferguson, are at the headwaters
Elsmere (Circle City of Ferguson Creek, 10 miles by trail from Ferguson.    A crew
Mines Limited)      of two  men  was  employed repairing the  trail  and reopening
open-cuts  and caved drifts  so that examination can be made
of these properties.
Hall Creek (50° 117° N.E.)
J. Gallo, of Howser, owns the Bannockburn group of Crown-
Bannockburn       granted mineral claims on the south side of the headwaters of Hall
Creek, a tributary of Duncan River. The property is reached by
17 miles of road from the Lardeau River road up Healy Creek, over the summit into
Hall Creek, and by 4 miles of trail south to the mine workings. The Lardeau River
bridge was reconstructed and the road was reopened to Hall Creek. Three miles of
pack-horse trail was constructed toward the workings. Some surface stripping was done
at various points along a vein mineralized with galena and sphalerite.
J. Gallo, of Howser, owns the Wagner group of Crown-granted
Wagner mineral claims on the north side of the headwaters of Hall Creek,
a tributary of Duncan River. The property is reached by the same
road providing access to the Bannockburn group and by 2 miles of trail north to the mine
workings. Some surface stripping was done on a vein exposed by the recession of a
(50°  116° S.W.)    Company office, Trail.    This company has
J.G., Rosco, etc.     a purchase option from J. Gallo and associates, of Howser, on a
(The Consolidated  block  of mineral claims  extending north  from  Glacier Creek
Mining and Smelt- across a mountain ridge to the north end of the peninsula on the
ing Company of     east side of Duncan Lake.    A band of limestone, mineralized
Canada, Limited)    with galena and sphalerite, has at various times been explored
by diamond drilling and trenching over several thousand feet of
strike length.    There is an adit on the north side of Glacier Creek.   Further geological
mapping was done in 1958, and a considerable amount of diamond drilling was done
on the peninsula.
(49° 116° S.E.) This property, comprising three recorded claims
owned by O. Arrowsmith, of Erickson, is on the north side of
Arrow Creek, 3 miles west of Kitchener on the Creston-Cranbrook
Highway. The claims are astride the south end of the Iron Range Mountain fault, and
extend from the north side of Goat River northward up the mountain. The showing is
a chalcopyrite-bearing quartz vein ranging in width from 1 to 5 feet. The vein strikes
north 36 degrees west and dips vertically, and is in a diorite sill of Purcell age in the
Iron Range Mountain fault zone. The upper adit at 3,200 feet elevation was extended
12 feet to a total length of 95 feet. The lower adit at 3,020 feet elevation was extended
15 feet to a total length of 60 feet.
* By J. E. Merrett.  52 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
three months during the summer of 1958. They geologically mapped and prospected
the group, completed 7 miles of trail, drilled three diamond-drill holes totalling 85 feet,
and did a limited amount of geophysical work. The men were housed in tent camps, and
a truck and pack-horses were used for transportation.
(49° 115° N.W.)    Registered office, 1442 Bay Avenue, Trail;
Fort Steele Gold    mine office, Box 1720, Cranbrook.   D. Shirling, president; C. F.
and Silver Mines    Gorse, manager.   The Joy, Rita, and Gertrude claims are owned
Limited by C. F. Gorse, and are located between Brewery and Fisher
Creeks, on the north side of Wild Horse River.   Access is by means
of a 5-mile logging-road leading from Fort Steele.   A small crew was employed reopening
two old shafts, one 20 feet deep and the other 40 feet.   Both shafts are on a mineral
occurrence of silver, lead, and zinc.
(49°   116°  N.E.)    This  property  comprises  fifty-eight  claims
Pico (The Consoli-  owned by The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
dated Mining and   Canada, Limited.   It is on Burnt Creek, a tributary of Skookum-
Smelting Company chuck Creek, approximately 30 miles by logging-road west of
of Canada, Limited) Torrent.   The claims cover scheelite mineralization associated with
garnet, epidote, and minor chalcopyrite in skarn zones within
sediments and diorite.   The showings were trenched in 1957.
During 1958 a contract company employing five men for a period of six weeks
drilled five holes totalling 1,455 feet on the " sediment" showing. Personnel were housed
in a tent camp on Burnt Creek.
(50° 115° S.W.)    This property comprises fourteen claims owned
Key by J. W., J. E., and J. C. Blake, of Skookumchuck, and A. M.
Blake, of Ta Ta Creek. It is on the south tributary of Doctor
Creek, 19 miles by logging-road and IVi miles by good pack-trail southwest of Canal
Flats. The claims cover showings of galena, sphalerite, pyrite, and some tetrahedrite
with minor quartz in argillaceous sediments. The Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited, optioned the property in 1957 and seven men were
employed for a period of two months in 1958. The trail was cleared and two holes were
diamond drilled a total of 501 feet.   The option was relinquished in October, 1958.
Toby Creek (50° 116° S.E.)
Company office, 6, 490 Baker Street, Nelson;  mine office, Toby
Mineral King       Creek.   H. E. Doelle, managing director;  J. B. Magee, resident
(Sheep Creek      manager.   This mine is 28 miles by road southwest of Athalmer,
Mines Limited)     on the Toby Creek side of the ridge between Jumbo and Toby
Creeks.    The mineral deposit is a lead-zinc replacement, with
barite, in limestone of the Mount Nelson formation.   The mine is operated by the open-
stope method and the workings are in four subparallel orebodies known as the "A,"
" B," " C," and " D " bodies.
* By D. R. Morgan. LODE METALS
During 1958, 192,426 tons of ore was mined and milled, with most of the tonnage
coming from above the No. 4 level. Exploration, development, and mining were continued on all levels from No. 2 to No. 6, inclusive, and the finding of a better grade of
ore in the lower levels raised the average mill head slightly above that of 1957. The
development included 1,728 feet of drifts and crosscuts, 1,783 feet of raises, and 11,570
feet of diamond drilling in a total of 126 holes.
No major installation was made underground during 1958, and there has been very
little change in the operation. Preparations were being made to mine barite from the
top-level workings at the end of the year, and it is expected there will be production of
barite in the near future. This mining will be separated from the remainder of the
operations by transporting the barite along No. 3 level and down the surface skip way.
The mine is ventilated by both mechanical and natural ventilation, and approximately 29,000 cubic feet of air per minute is exhausted from the workings. Of this
quantity, 18,000 cubic feet per minute is supplied by a 15-horsepower electrically driven
Sirocco fan at the portal of the No. 2 level intake airway. Transportation from the mine
is by diesel locomotive, and all production is brought to No. 7 level.
New construction work on the surface during 1958 included an extension to the
power-house to accommodate a 500-kva. portable diesel generator and a 300-c.f.m.
portable diesel compressor. The original 500-ton capacity coarse-ore bin, located near
the main haulage portal of the mine, was rebuilt and trestled for lead-zinc ore. A new
100-ton ore-bin was built at the bottom of the surface incline for barite ore.
The average number of men employed was ninety-four, of whom fifty were employed
Horsethief Creek (50° 116° N.E.)
Ptarmigan (The
Selkirk Ptarmigan
Mines Limited)
President and manager, Heinz K. F. Seel, Edgewater. This property is at an elevation of 8,600 feet, at the headwaters of Red Line
Creek, a tributary of McDonald Creek, which in turn is a tributary
of Horsethief Creek. Access is by means of a 29-mile road from
the village of Wilmer. A description of the property is included in
the 1955 Annual Report.
The property is owned by Mr. Seel, and the present company, which is a private
one, was formed in 1958 to continue the operations at the mine. Three men were
employed and activities were directed mainly to the No. 3 level, where a small cut-and-fill
stope was commenced in 1957. Further ice was removed for a distance of 160 feet at
the inner portion of the level, and 34 feet of drifting was done on a new lead of high-grade
ore. The total tonnage of ore from the stope and drift was 181 tons, which was shipped
by truck to the Trail smelter. Silver assays of the shipments ranged from 210 to 400
ounces per ton. The mine is ventilated by natural means, and a raise was driven from
the level to an old incline for a distance of 45 feet to improve the ventilation.
On the surface 2V2 miles of the upper portion of the road was relocated to improve
the grade, and a small building was put up for storage and heating of water for drilling.
(51° 118° S.E.) Twenty-three claims and fractions located in
September, 1955, and held by American Standard Mines Limited
were under option in 1958 to Bunker Exploration Ltd. The claims
cover old lead-zinc occurrences first located many years ago but
not mentioned in any geological reports.    The company improved the trail into the
King Fissure, S.B.
C.R., and Deby
' By Stuart S. Holland.
property and established a tent camp at an elevation of about 4,500 feet at the head of
Lorenz Creek, a tributary from the south to Copeland Creek. The camp is reached via
a truck-road which leaves the Trans-Canada Highway at the railway crossing about
2 miles west of Revelstoke. The truck-road follows the west side of Jordan River for
about 10 miles. From there a pack-horse trail continues for another 2 miles to the
mouth of Copeland Creek. The trail extends up the north side of Copeland Creek
for 3 miles, then crosses to the south side and climbs steeply for 3 miles to the camp-site
at the head of Lorenz Creek.
The mineralization is exposed between 6,000 and 7,500 feet elevation on the
northern slope of Mount Copeland. The mineralization is well exposed in natural outcrops on moderate and steep slopes for a total length of about 7,500 feet, although part
is obscured by lobes of glacial ice.
The area is underlain by a succession of quartzites, micaceous quartzites, schists,
and garnetiferous mica schists containing a few marble beds. The rocks strike north 50
degrees west, dip 50 degrees southwest, and are folded into an isoclinal syncline whose
axis is essentially horizontal even though local plunges of 5 degrees northwest or southeast are observed. The central part of the syncline is occupied by a band of gneiss which
is crossed by several narrow, irregular pegmatite dykes.
The mineralization, which is a fine-grained aggregate of pyrite, pyrrhotite, galena,
and sphalerite, seems to replace a single stratigraphic bed. It lies close to a white marble
bed that makes an excellent marker horizon and outcrops mainly along the southwest
limb of the syncline. On the northwestern end the mineralization can almost be seen to
follow down into the synclinal trough and then up on the northeastern limb where it
outcrops discontinuously along strike.
The sulphide mineralization ranges from 1 foot to about 8 feet in width and probably
averages about 5 feet. Chip sampling done in 1956 for American Standard Mines
Limited indicated that the outcropping mineralization along the southwestern limb might
assay up to about 10 per cent combined lead and zinc and contain 1 to 2 ounces of silver
per ton.
Work during the summer of 1958 was directed solely toward a thorough sampling
of the outcropping mineralization. Trenches at 25-foot intervals were blasted across the
mineralized bed and a generous-sized bulk sample taken from each locality. Further
exploration work by Bunker Exploration Ltd. will be largely contingent upon obtaining
encouraging assay results from this sampling.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1956, p. 114; Western Miner,
October, 1956, p. 128.]
(49°  121° s.E.)   The A.M. group, consisting of eight Crown-
A.M. (The Consoli- granted claims, was optioned from Canam Copper Company Ltd.
dated Mining and   The property is on the western boundary of Manning Park and is
Smelting Company  about 4 miles by road southerly from Mile 26 on the Hope-Prince-
of Canada, Limited) ton Highway.    From 1930, when the showings were discovered,
up to the end of 1956 a considerable amount of underground exploration has been carried out, and detailed descriptions of the property have appeared
in previous Annual Reports.
From August 12th until November 4th a surface geological mapping programme was
carried out under the direction of J. K. Webb. A four-man party prepared a plane-table
map of the significant claim area.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1954, pp. 152-159; 1949, pp.
* By A. R. C. James.  56
A total crew of 156 men was employed in the final month of operation.
[References: Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1954, pp. 161-163; Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 190 (1936).]
(49° 121° N.W.) Company office, 744 West Hastings Street,
Vancouver. J. A. Pike, resident manager. This company optioned
the AB group of forty recorded claims. The group is on Clear
Creek, a tributary of Big Silver Creek, which flows into the east
side of Harrison Lake.   Surface trenching, sampling, and geological
work were done to outline zones of molybdenite mineralization in the granitic rocks.
Five men were employed.
Newmont Mining
Corporation of
Canada Limited
Britannia (Howe
Sound Company
(49° 123° N.E.) Head office, 500 Fifth Avenue, New York,
N.Y.; mine office, Britannia Beach. William M. Weaver, Jr., president; Frederick A. McGonigle, vice-president; D. W. Pringle, general superintendent; L. L. Allen, mine superintendent; P. C. Emery,
chief engineer. In December, 1957, Britannia Mining and Smelting
Co. Limited proposed to cease operations, but with the assistance
of a direct subsidy payment from the Federal Government and the Provincial Government
the company continued to operate on a reduced scale until March 12th, 1958, when all
operations, except maintenance, ceased. On August 8th Britannia Mining and Smelting
Co. Limited was placed in voluntary liquidation and Howe Sound Company became the
successor. At the end of the year D. W. Pringle was appointed general superintendent
and plans were made to reopen the mine.
The following summary supplied by the management provides detail of the operations in 1958:—
No. 8
The ore is mined by shrinkage, cut-and-fill, and square-set mining methods,
tonnages produced by each mining method in the two mines was as follows:—
No. 8
Development...- , -— — .
19.646         i         63.996
Production: Ore milled, 66,863 tons.
* By R. B. King.     LODE METALS
Reports accepted to the end of 1958 for credit on assessment requirements for
properties held under the " Mineral Act " and the " Placer-mining Act" since January
17th, 1947, and reports on geochemical surveys accepted since April 6th, 1951, are
shown in the accompanying table. A copy of each report may be examined in the office
of the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is. A second copy
of each report is filed in the office of the Chief of the Mineralogical Branch, Department
of Mines, Victoria.
In the following list the property name is that which appears to be in most common
use. It is not feasible to list all the claim names in each property. The author of each
report is given and the principal for whom the report was written.
Reports Credited for Assessment
Geographic Position
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
1° Ouadr.
48° 123°
48° 123°
A. Stretton, F. Cooke, W. A. Gray, and H. Stretton.
P. A. Chubb and A. E. Lehmberg.
August 27, 1951.
48° 124°
Miss Winnifred McLellan.
Victor Dolmage.
May 15, 1948.
48°  124°
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
June 3, 1958.
48° 124°
Rio Canadian Exploration Ltd.
L. B. Gatenby.
June 3, 1958.
Chef and Chef No. 2 Groups ....  	
48° 124°
Gabbro Copper Mines Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
March 8, 1956.
48° 124°
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.
A. C. Skerl.
May 25, 1954.
Stella 1-4 __._  	
49° 115°
49°  115°
Rosea Copper Mines Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
April 29, 1957.
Barkshanty, Etna, Larson, Glencairn, and Tradedollar Groups	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 24, 1947.
Dries and Tonia	
49° 115°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
P. H. Sevensma.
June 11, 1954.
Estella Group 	
49° 115°
Estella Mines Ltd.
A. R. Allen.
May 8, 1952.
Fly, Spoon, Hook, and Trout Group
49° 115°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
P. H. Sevensma.
May 27, 1954.
Jason Groups -	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
W. P. Hammond.
September 3, 1954. 62
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49° 115°
49°  115°
49° 116°
49° 116°
49°  116°
49° 116°
49° 116°
49° H7°
49° 117°
49° 117°
49° 115°    I    S.W.
Kimberley Claims.  	
Conwest Exploration Company Limited.
A. A. Brant.
February 24, 1948.
M.L. Claims (Moyie Lake)—   —
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 24, 1947.
M.L. 1-6 Group _
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
November 25, 1948.
M.L. 72 Fraction and M.L. 73-75 Claims...	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 13, 1951.
M.L. 7 and 8 Groups .
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 13, 1951.
M.L. 7 and 8 Groups.
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
September 11, 1953.
Rex, Jason, Intruder Groups.
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
September 3, 1954.
St. Joseph Group .
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
January 11, 1955.
T.P.C. Group .
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
January 27, 1955.
Delaware Claims  _.
John W. Hill.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
April 13, 1955.
Fred, Mar, and Nick Groups 	
Highland-Bell Limited.
W. H. Mathews.
December 11, 1956.
Jackpot and Sunshine Groups 	
Arcon Base Metals Limited.
W. V. Smitheringale.
June 12, 1955.
Jim Group..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
H. L. McCallum.
May 13, 1955.
Mathew Creek Group „	
Anyox Metals Limited.
Alexander Smith.
March 9, 1948.
Amco Group..
Amco Exploration, Inc.
W. W. Moorhouse.
December 5, 1952.
Amco 43-47 Fractions	
Amco Exploration, Inc.
W. W. Moorhouse.
September 8, 1953.
Calcite Group-
Canadian Exploration Limited.
H. Lakes.
September 25, 1947. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
1° Ouadr.
49° 117°
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
P. J. Shenon and R. P. Full.
November 7, 1950.
49° 117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
A. R. Clark and E. H. Lovitt.
August 23, 1947.
49° 117°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
December 4, 1951.
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
F. Mcintosh Galbraith.
September 23, 1952.
GPX, Phil, North Wind, and King Mineral Claims _	
49° 117=
Kenville Gold Mines Limited.
F. C. Buckland and W. R. Baker.
October 19, 1948.
49° 117°
Diem Mines Limited.
S. H. Ward and F. Mcintosh Galbraith.
September 21, 1951.
49° 117°
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
June 9, 1947.
H.B. Nos. 2-7 Mineral Claims  	
49° 117°
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
Leonard Telfer.
February 15, 1949
49° H7°
Canadian Exploration Limited.
H. Lakes.
October 10, 1947.
49° U7o
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
E. Livingston and R. C. Macdonald.
November 6, 1953.
49°  117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
S. G. Bruce.
March 22, 1948.
49°  117°
Rossland Mines Limited.
A. R. Clark and S. G. Bruce.
March 22, 1948.
Ore Hill Group _	
49°  117°
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Limited.
A. G. Pentland.
July 5, 1947.
49°  in-
Arthur St. Clair Brindle.
Alexander Smith.
November 10, 1947.
Ronald Group _ _  	
49° U7°
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
E. Livingston and R. C. Macdonald.
April 2, 1954.
49° 117°
Valley Mining Company.
E. P. Kaiser, R. C. Macdonald, and H. C. Gunning.
January 21, 1948.
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
August 12, 1947. 64
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
49° n7°
49° 117°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° 118°
49° U9°
49° H9°
49° 119°
Tiger Fractional Mineral Claim-
Rossland Mines Limited.
S. G. Bruce and W. R. Baker.
November 13, 1947.
Victory Group-
Canadian Exploration Limited.
James Crowe.
August 15, 1947.
Attwood Claims 	
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
W. H. White and R. H. Seraphim.
March 13, 1952.
Bruce Group-
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
January 28, 1957.
Copper Basin Groups A, B, and C  	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M, Menzies.
January 28, 1957.
Eholt Group      _	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 8, 1957.
Eholt Copper Property-
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 8, 1957.
Greenwood Copper-
Greenwood Copper Corporation Limited.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
September 24, 1956.
Hardscrabble Fraction   —
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
R. H. Seraphim.
November 24, 1952.
Pat Group.
N. H. McDiarmid and E. M. Olts.
R. E. Renshaw.
April 3, 1957.
Ren Group.
Belcor Engineering Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 25,1958.
Ren Mineral Claims 	
Belcor Engineering Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
March 20,1957.
Salamet Group.
Salamet Mines Ltd.
E. B. Nicholls.
September 26, 1956.
South End Group 	
Attwood Copper Mines Limited.
R. H. Seraphim.
October 24, 1952.
Alocin Chrome Groups A and B	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
February 12,1957.
Bellaclava Claims- 	
Silver Bounty Mines Limited.
G. S. Eldridge.
August 25, 1948.
Brenda Prospect-
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
October 23,1957.
X      X  66
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1 ° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 116°
50° 117°
50° 118°
50° 118°
50° 119°
50° 120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50°  120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
Erin Group — - -   -	
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
June 11, 1948.
Europa, Venus, Mars, etc.  —  	
Silver Giant Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
June 2, 1947.
Rosco Group       	
The Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and Power Company Limited.
W. I. Nelson and L. Adie.
January 26, 1953.
Warren Creek Mineral Claims _	
Roger Le Beuf.
Harvey H. Cohen.
July 3, 1957.
Snowball Groups       	
New Jersey Zinc Explorations Limited.
W. H. Mathews.
October 19, 1953.
Big Ledge Group  - - -	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
R. G. McEachcrn.
September 25, 1947.
Big Ledge Group         -	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
D. C. Malcolm and L. Telfer.
December 10, 1951.
Bird and Brett Mineral Claims - _„   	
William E. Forbes and Associates.
A. R. Allen.
August 18, 1950.
Afton Group _ _       ._ _	
Kennco Explorations (Canada) Limited.
H. V. Warren.
October 1, 1951.
Ajax, Neptune, Monte Carlo, Jacko 4 and 9, and Jacko Fractions 6 and 10_	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
J. Richardson and R. G. McEachern.
January 21, 1955.
Al 1-12, GM 1-8, and GM9-16 Mineral Claims -	
B.C. Base Metal Developments Ltd.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 22, 1957.
Alpha North and Northeast Groups  - - _ 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Alpha North and Northeast Groups.— - _	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Alpha-Scotty Group - -   — 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 30, 1956.
Alpha-Scotty Group  - — - 	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 30, 1956.
Bethlehem Copper Property- -   -
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd.
W. H. White, R. M. Thompson, and K. C. McTaggart.
October 25, 1955.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims — _ 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
B. M. Middleton.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Borup Group       -  	
Meta Uranium Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
September 18, 1956.
Buck Group    — 	
Craigmont Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
April 24, 1958.
BX Claims      	
Argyle Securities Limited.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
April 17, 1957.
C.J.S. Group  	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
November 12, 1958.
Continental M.B. Groups _ — -	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
November 16, 1956.
Copperado Group       - 	
Western Copperada Mining Corporation.
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 5, 1957.
DM Group    	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
January 10, 1957.
DM and Afton Groups - — - — -	
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited and Axel Berglund.
H. W. Darling.
December 13, 1957.
Domino No. 1 Group         	
Centennial Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
December 17, 1958.
Don and Jean Groups -	
Mutual Mines and Metals Ltd.
G. E. Midgley.
February 27, 1958.
D.W., Krain, and R.K. Groups     	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
D. A. Barr.
August 1, 1958.
D.W. and Krain Groups  	
Krain Copper Limited, Farwest Tungsten Mines Limited, Beaver Lodge
Uranium Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 25, 1957.
Farr Lake Property. — „ — „
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
October 31, 1958.
FB and Fiddler Claims   — —	
Anuwon Uranium Mines Limited.
J. A. Soles.
January 9, 1957.
Fiddler Group  _ _  	
J. E. Betz and W. L. Young.
August 5, 1957.  LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
Mac Group-   —	
Jackson Mines Limited.
D. R. Morgan and J. A. Soles.
October 25, 1956.
Mer-Pay Group    - -	
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
August 12, 1958.
Merritt Group  _   -	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
November 14, 1958.
Merritt Group    ._ 	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
September 18, 1958.
Nicki, Mel, and O'Leary Groups 	
New Delhi Mines Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 18, 1958.
Ole, Pat, and Rudy Mineral Claims 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
W. O. J. G. Meijer.
January 22, 1957.
Patrick Group — _   	
Green Bay Mining and Exploration Company Limited.
V. B. Meen.
March 27, 1957.
P.C.M. and Cap Groups - _	
Centennial Mines Limited.
C. C. Rennie.
December 8, 1958.
PEC Group-   — 	
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
September 29, 1958.
PL 1-48 Claims _ - 	
Georgia Leaseholds Limited.
A. R. Allen.
July 16, 1958.
Quartzite Group    _
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.
C. C. Rennie.
August 1, 1958.
Raha Mineral Claims   	
I. Shulman.
A. E. Aho.
December 23, 1958.
Road and Brown Groups—   -	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
Rod Group - _ —	
Deerhorn Mines Limited.
L. B. Gatenby.
August 10, 1956.
Roscoe Lake Property.	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 6, 1957.
Salmo Prince Groups _	
Salmo Prince Mines Limited.
B. I. Nesbitt.
May 3, 1957.
Stump Lake Group      _ 	
Amaco Development Corporation Limited.
W. J. Elliott and J. A. Soles.
September 12,1956.
I        I
I  X
X  I X 70
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 120°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50°  121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°    |     S.E.
50° 121°    |    N.E.
Sunshine Nos. 10, 11, 15, and 16-
Vanex Minerals Ltd.
H. L. Hill.
November 25, 1958.
Trojan Group..
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
November 6, 1958.
Witches Brook  _.
Phelps Dodge Corporation of Canada, Limited.
Franc R. Joubin.
February 6, 1957.
B.J. Claims   	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
^    C. S. Ney.
November 26,1958.
Baby's Own Group	
Ainsworth Base Metals, Limited.
F. J. Hemsworth.
March 28, 1957.
Beaver Group..
Farwest Tungsten Copper Mines Limited
and Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
June 24, 1957.
Bethsaida Copper   	
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 4, 1957.
Bethsaida Copper 	
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited.
G. E. Apps and W. M. Sirola.
April 4, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims „
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
B. M. Middleton.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Bill, Frank, Nord, and Pat Mineral Claims. 	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 1, 1957.
Divide Group.
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
H. W. Darling.
February 1, 1957.
Divide Group .
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
February 1, 1957.
Dominion Chromium Property —	
J. W. Oakes.
H. L. Banting.
July 24, 1948.
E.D. and Jan Groups..
Tri-Side Mining Corporation Limited.
C. Riley and A. C. Ogilvy.
November 23, 1956.
Eye Group-
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
C. S. Ney.
November 26, 1958. LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 121°
50° 122°
Fairview Group (no map)..
May Barnes.
J. C. Rogers.
May 5, 1947.
Faith and H. S. Groups-
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Faith and H.S. Groups	
The Cardiff Mining Company Ltd.
F. J. Hemsworth.
February 7, 1957.
Laco Group  _	
Laco Mines Limited.
C. F. Wegener and F. J. Garbutt.
April 8, 1957.
Louise Group..
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited.
E. B. Nicholls.
January 4, 1957.
Ole, Pat, and Rudy Mineral Claims  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
W. O. J. G. Meijer.
January 22, 1957.
Pimainus Lake-
Phelps Dodge Corporation of Canada, Limited.
Franc R. Joubin.
February 6, 1957.
Pimainus Lake  —  	
Udd-Ramsay Syndicate.
McPhar Geophysics Limited.
February 6, 1957.
R.K. 7-30 Mineral Claims     	
Northwestern Explorations, Limited.
D. A. Barr.
July 30, 1958.
Skeena Silver Group 	
Skeena Silver Mines Ltd.
C. Rutherford.
August 22, 1957.
Tofin Property-
New Hamil Silver-Lead Mines Limited.
A. R. Allen.
December 3, 1958.
Toketic GrouP-
New Jersey Zinc Exploration Company (Canada) Ltd.
R. C. Macdonald.
February 15, 1957.
W.P. Group      	
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
W.P. Group..
Noranda Exploration Company, Limited.
M. M. Menzies.
December 4, 1958.
W.P. Group
Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
October 30, 1957.
W.P. Group-
Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd.
C. W. S. Tremaine.
December 13,1957.
Mrs. D. C. Noel.
W. H. Patmore.
January 4, 1955.    LODE METALS
Reports Credited for Assessment—Continued
Geographic Position
1° Quadr.
Owner or Principal
Author of Report
Date of Submission of Report
Kind of Work
57° 131°
58° 131°
58° 131°
58° 133°
58° 135°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 129°
59° 130°
59° 133°
59° 133°
59° 136°
Pan 1-32 Mineral Claims	
Triana Exploration Limited.
L. J. D Aigle and L. G. White.
March 18, 1957.
Ace Group-
Consolidated Northland Mines Limited.
A. G. Hodgson.
September 25, 1957.
N.W. Group.....   -	
Consolidated Northland Mines Limited.
A. G. Hodgson.
September 25, 1957.
Erickson-Ashby Claims..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
November 12,1952.
Spec Claims..
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
W. T. Irvine.
October 15, 1952.
Liard Fluorite, Gem..
Conwest Exploration Company Ltd.
J. R. Woodcock and W. V. Smitheringale.
December 6, 1954.
Blue River, White, and Serpentine..
Cassiar Yukon Gold Mines Limited.
J. S. Koski.
October 2, 1953.
Dorreen and Par Groups.	
Dorreen Gold Mines Limited.
W. N. Plumb and H. L. Hill.
August 12, 1953.
Low Grade 	
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
James J. McDougall and A. Smith.
May 30, 1955.
Zinc Groups-
Yukon Ranges Exploration Limited.
D. R. Derry.
September 1, 1949.
Gem 1-38  	
Hudson Bay Mining and Smelting Co., Limited.
J. A. Haskin.
September 15, 1949.
Heli and Copter Mineral Claims — —
Helicopter Exploration Co. Ltd.
D. M. Cannon.
May 23, 1951.
Trailer Special Placer-mining Lease.  —
Northern Resources Ltd.
Clyde H. Wilson.
June 5, 1946.
Maid of Erin Property..
St. Eugene Mining Corporation Limited.
Alexander Smith.
April 8, 1949.      PLACER 81
Mission Creek (49° 119° N.E.)
Michael Martin hydraulicked a small amount of gravel on his placer claim.
Ervin, Ella, and Robert Wiedemeyer sluiced a total of 1,080 cubic yards of gravel
on their three separate claims.
Rex Bruch sluiced 100 cubic yards of gravel on his claim.
Harris Creek (50° 118° S.W.)
The Schultz brothers, of Lavington, bulldozed 10,000 cubic yards of gravel to
uncover the bedrock on P. H. V. Fosbery's placer leases.
Monashee Creek, South Fork (50° 118° S.E.)
L. R. Callahan hydraulicked 400 cubic yards of gravel on his lease.
McIntyre Creek (50° 118° S.W.)
F. W. Walter sluiced 150 cubic yards of gravel on his placer lease at the fork of
McIntyre Creek and Kettle River.
Erie Creek (49° 117° S.E.)
J. P. O'Donnell and J. Stenwall, of Salmo, did a small amount of
Erie Creek sluicing on a hitherto unworked point of ground on the east bank
of Erie Creek, immediately below its junction with Hooch Creek.
Many large boulders and an adverse bedrock grade hampered progress.
Kirbyville Creek (51° 118° N.W.)
West Columbia Gold Placers Ltd.—Company office, 2360 Abbott Street, Kelowna.
J. H. Buckland, president. This company owns Special Placer Mining Lease No. 462,
an area of 3.9 square miles on the west side of the Columbia River at the confluence of
Kirbyville Creek and opposite the mouth of Goldstream River. The property is reached
by boat from Mile 56 on the Big Bend Highway, north of Revelstoke. Further exploratory test drilling was done in 1958.
Old Camp Creek (51 ° 118 ° N.W.)
J. B. Grieve, of Armstrong, holds four placer leases on Old Camp
Old Camp Placers  Creek, the first south-flowing tributary of Goldstream River, east
of its confluence with the Columbia River. The recent workings
are approximately three-quarters of a mile above the Goldstream River. A small dam
and 100 feet of sluice boxes were installed. Some bulldozing and a small amount of
sluicing was done in a gravel bank on the east bank of the creek.
Lardeau Creek (50° 117° N.E.)
W. Hladinec and A. Bobicki, of Beaton, own Placer Mining Lease No. 465 at the
main falls on Lardeau Creek, 5 miles by road from Ferguson.   A short access road leads
* By A. R. C. James.
t By J. E. Merrett.  Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals
Clay and Shale	
Marl      .
Sand and Gravel	
Cassiar Asbestos
Mount McDame (59° 129° S.W.).   Head office, 1001, 85 Richmond Street West, Toronto; mine office, Cassiar.   F. M. Connell,
president; J. D. Christian, general manager; N. F. Murray, general
superintendent.   This property is 86 miles by road southwesterly
from Mile 648.8 on the Alaska Highway.   It consists of forty-two
claims, of which thirty-nine are Crown-granted.   The mine is on Mount McDame at an
elevation of 6,300 feet.   The modern company town of Cassiar and the mill are in the
valley of Troutline Creek at an elevation of 3,540 feet.
Ore was mined from the 6170, 6140, and 6110 levels during 1958. The ore, high-
grade chrysotile asbestos, occurs in fractures in a serpentine dyke which strikes north
15 degrees west and dips 45 degrees east.
In 1958 mining was carried on from March 12th to October 12th. During that time
361,154 tons of ore and 1,222,134 tons of waste were broken. The aerial tram-line
operated from March 24th to September 28th and carried 311,701 tons of ore; a further
40,401 tons of ore was carried by trucks. Underground exploration was carried out on
two levels. On the 6000 level a further 980 feet of drifting and some cross-cutting was
done. On the 5700 level in the cirque basin an adit 1,417 feet in length was driven.
At an average daily rate of 1,072 tons, the mill processed 359,921 tons of ore to
produce the following fibre:—
Spinning grades      5,824
Cement grades   25,605
Total  31,429
The mill operated for 335 days.
Plant expansion in 1958 included completion of a heavy-duty garage, construction
of a 20- by 65-foot addition to the power-house, and completion of a 72- by 120-foot
fibre storage shed. Ten privately owned frame dwellings were erected on the townsite.
The company assisted in this project by advancing loans to the total cost of the building
materials. A trailer park was cleared, and water, electrical, and sewage service were
provided for eight trailers.
* By D. Smith.
Company office, Meech Building, P.O. Box 273, Lethbridge, Alta.;
Mountain Minerals quarry office, Brisco.   R. A. Thrall, managing director;  William
Limited* MacPherson, superintendent.   This company operates quarries on
barite deposits at Parson and Brisco and a processing plant at
Lethbridge.   The Parson deposit (51° 116° S.W.) is 5 miles from Parson siding and is
reached by means of the Cranbrook Sawmills logging-road.   The deposit consists of barite
in two parallel, north trending, irregular fissure veins about 300 feet apart.    The west
vein is exposed for 200 feet and has a maximum width of 30 feet.   It was worked by a
single quarry.   The east vein is exposed for 450 feet and has a maximum width of 35 feet.
It was worked by two quarries, the southern one being 75 feet higher than the other.
Recent work at the deposit has consisted chiefly of driving an adit drift south along
the east vein from a portal in the upper part of the face of the north quarry. The drift
followed the vein for more than 250 feet under the south quarry. A 50-foot raise from
the drift reached surface.
During 1958 the company shipped 730 tons of barite from the deposit. The ore was
obtained from the excavation of the drift.
The Brisco deposit (50° 116° N.E.) is on ground covered by five Crown-granted
mineral claims—the Wamineca, Canyon, Salmon, Carmine, and Northisle—located in
a north to south line in the order named. The claims are between Temple ton River and
Dunbar Creek 2Vi miles due west of Brisco. Access is by 4.3 miles of good gravel road
from Brisco.
On the property barite is found in a breccia zone in dolomite associated with limestone and quartzite. Outcrops of bedrock are relatively scarce and to date barite has
been uncovered in only four scattered locations—one near the north end of the Wamineca
mineral claim, one adjoining the Templeton River near the south end of the Canyon
mineral claim, one in the north half of the Salmon mineral claim, and the fourth near the
centre of the Carmine mineral claim. Overburden in the intervening areas is deep. The
rocks appear to be in the steeply dipping east limb of a major syncline and are cut by
numerous faults of varying magnitudes.
The main showings and the working quarry are on the Salmon claim. Barite has
been exposed across an average width of 25 feet for 780 feet along a northerly striking
breccia zone. The west wallrock is highly fractured dark grey to black dolomite with a
few scattered lenses or horses of brown quartzite. Mountain leather is abundant as films
on fracture surfaces and a few small barite veins are present. The east wallrock is light
grey weathering buff to flesh-coloured dolomite. It is brecciated, and near the main
barite body contains barite in the matrix. The orebody is brecciated. Much of the
barite is white, but the white sections are irregularly shaped and are usually edged or
cut by zones of variable width that consist of a fine-grained black matrix enclosing angular
fragments of white barite a fraction of an inch to several inches in diameter. The black
coloration is due to carbon. Some pyrite is present, and it results in yellow to brown
iron staining in parts of the quarry. A 4-foot-diameter mass of thin-bedded black shale
unlike any rock seen elsewhere in the claim area was noted in a face near the north end
of the quarry.
The barite is mined by what is essentially a single quarry with five benches having
a 130-foot vertical range between the floor of the lowest bench, at the north end of the
exposure, and the top of the face of the highest bench, at the south end. The barite body
pinches and swells erratically both horizontally and vertically. The walls are normally
undulating fault surfaces but not of the same fault through the length of the exposure.
The barite is apparently cut off by a right-hand fault at the north end of the quarry, and
it pinches out to the south.
To explore the deposit at depth an adit was started from the edge of Templeton
River 60 feet below and 300 feet north of the north end of the quarry. At the end of
August, 1958, the adit was 420 feet long. For the first 70 feet from the portal the adit
passes through glacial drift. The rest of the workings are in closely fractured dark dolomite with mountain leather on the fracture surfaces. Except for small amounts in one
or two thin shears, no barite was encountered until the last 90 feet of the adit was driven.
This section of the adit is roughly parallel to the north end of the quarry and 40 to 60
feet east of it. In the adit a shear striking slightly east of north and containing black
barite breccia was met and followed. Two raises—one at the adit face and the other
90 feet back from the face—were driven to the surface following the barite. One raise
broke through into the most northerly bench of the quarry and the other broke through
into the next bench to the south.
A second adit, 40 feet long, was driven into the south bank of the Templeton River
below a small barite showing 600 feet downstream from the main adit. A few feet above
the portal of the adit 4 feet of white barite is exposed. Within the adit, however, only
a small amount of black barite breccia was found in shears. The rock exposed in the
adit is highly fractured dark dolomite with mountain leather. Many shears are visible.
Barite is exposed discontinuously on the surface for 140 feet south from this adit. A lens
of white barite 70 feet long and 15 feet wide is exposed at water level on the opposite side
of the river 100 feet north of the adit portal. This lens is apparently terminated at the
north end by a shear. Geological relations indicate this zone of barite is part of the
main zone offset by faulting.
About 2,500 feet north of the main quarry, barite has been exposed near the centre
of the Wamineca claim. An area 200 feet long and 60 feet wide has been stripped. The
barite, white in colour, occurs as irregular masses forming the matrix around brecciated
fragments of light-coloured dolomite. Scattered quartzite fragments are included in the
Stripping near the centre of the Carmine claim 1,800 feet south of the main quarry
exposed a small amount of barite. The barite, mixed white with black breccia, forms
irregular discontinuous masses in a zone of shearing.
During 1958 the Brisco quarry was operated for nine months. A five-man crew
quarried and crushed 10,350 tons of barite and shipped it to Lethbridge. Most of the
ore came from the central part of the quarry.
[Reference:  Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Rept., 1952, pp. 243-248.]
Spillimacheen  (50°   116°  N.E.).    Company office, 908 Royal
Silver Giant (Giant Bank Building, Vancouver;   mine office, Spillimacheen.    W. C.
Mascot Mines      Gibson, president.   A management contract is held by H. L. Hill
Limited)* and Associates, consulting mining engineers, Vancouver.   Clarence
Major, property superintendent. This operation is at the Silver
Giant property, which prior to its abandonment in June, 1957, was mined for silver, lead,
and zinc. Present operations are confined to the recovery of barite from the old tailings
dump. The barite is concentrated at the mill, and sold to McPhails Engineering Company, of Tacoma, Wash. This company has erected a drying and bagging plant at the
railway siding at Spillimacheen.
Production of barite commenced in August, 1958, but was discontinued in December following a fire which destroyed the drying plant at Spillimacheen. During this
period 4,325 tons of barite was produced from the mill by a crew of ten men. It is
reported that definite plans have been made to resume milling operations in the future
but the date of reopening has not been set.
' By D. R. Morgan.
blast-holes with jackhammers. During the year the coarse jaw crusher was moved and
a rotary kiln for drying broken rock was installed. This eliminated piling the rock and
drying it with open-flame kerosene burners. The plant produces turkey, chicken, and
bird grits, stucco dash, sand-blasting materials, and filler for asphalt roofing. Fourteen
men were employed.
Little Mountain Quarry.*—Chilliwack (49° 121° S.W.). This pit is on the north
slope of Mount Shannon about 1 mile northeast of Chilliwack. It is operated intermittently by the Chilliwack Dyking District Board. Rock is blasted in the quarry by
municipal employees as required for dyke repairs. The broken rock is hauled under
contract to the river bank as needed.    In 1958 the quarry produced 7,750 tons of rubble.
Pitt River  (49°   122°  S.W.).    Company office, 902 Columbia
Gilley Bros.        Street, New Westminster.    J. H. Gilley, general manager;  James
Limitedt C. Gilley, production supervisor;  Francis J. MacDonald, superin
tendent. Quartz-diorite is quarried to obtain rock for jetties,
dykes, and concrete aggregate. The mining method has been changed from a coyote-
hole to a benching system.    Benches are at 40-foot intervals.
Vertical blast-holes, spaced 14 feet apart, are drilled about 4 feet below the grade-
line or berm. Broken rock is loaded by diesel-driven shovels into 12-cubic-yard trucks
and is transported to a crushing plant. The crushing plant consists of a 42- by 60-inch
jaw crusher which discharges crushed rock over an inclined 6-inch grizzly to a conveyor
belt for loading scows. Undersized material ( — 6-inch) is stockpiled. Hydro-electric
power to run the plant is produced on the property. Twenty-five men were employed.
Indian River Quarries Limited.f—Granite Falls (49° 122° S.W.). Company
office, 1255 West Pender Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Granite Falls. John M.
Carnsew, superintendent. During the year some rock which had been broken during
previous mining operations was removed from the quarry.    Operations were intermittent.
Nelson Island  (49°   124°  N.E.).    Company office,  744 West
Vancouver Granite Hastings Street, Vancouver;   quarry, Nelson Island.    W. C. Dit-
Co. Limitedt       mars, president.    Rock for building purposes, monuments, jetty
rock, and rubble are mined at this quarry.   The mining is done by
drilling the rock to size, following a mineral lineation pattern, and blasting and wedging
for removal.    Derricks are used to move the stone to scows, by which it is transported
to Vancouver for cutting and finishing.   Approximately 2,000 tons of stone was produced
during the operating year.    Six men were employed.
Howe Sound  (49°   123°  N.E.).    Head office, Richmix Clays
McNab Creek      Limited, 2890 East Twelfth Avenue, Vancouver;  quarry, McNab
Slate Quarry       Creek.    G. W. Richmond, manager.    Slate is quarried for flagstones, roofing granules, and filler.    Rock is broken from a 30-foot
quarry face by drilling and blasting horizontal holes.    Broken slate is hand-loaded into
scows.    The product is shipped to Vancouver for grading and sizing.    The quarry is
operated intermittently.
Jervis Inlet (50° 123° S.W.).   Philip Graham, president; J. Ehlers,
British Columbia   quarry superintendent.   This property is on an Indian reservation
Slate Co. Ltd.      west of Deserted Bay on the south side of Princess Royal Reach in
Jervis Inlet.    Slate is mined by slashing it from the quarry face.
Broken slate is hand-sorted, and marketable sizes are split to V^-inch thickness.    Some
of the stone is trimmed with a diamond saw.
In 1958 approximately 460 tons of slate was produced and shipped to Vancouver.
* By J. W. McCammon.
Haney  (49°  122° S.W.).    Company office, 846 Howe Street,
Haney Brick and    Vancouver; plant, Haney.   E. G. Baynes, president; J. Hadgkiss,
Tile Ltd.*        managing director.    Plastic clay is mined from a low pit face
adjacent to the plant by a Vi -cubic-yard gasoline-driven shovel and
is transported by truck to a covered air-drying area.   The clay is dried in a rotary wood-
fired kiln and conveyed to a dry pan for grinding.   Brick and tile are formed by a stiff-
mud extrusion process and dried in a controlled-temperature drying-room.   The products
are burned in down-draught beehive kilns.   During 1958, 7,500 tons of clay products
were produced.   Forty men were employed.
Barnet (49° 122° S.W.).   Head office, 8699 Angus Drive, Van-
Mainland Clay     couver; plant, Barnet.   Surface clay is mined from a pit adjacent
Products Limited*   to the plant and is transported to a covered air-drying area.   Some
fireclay is obtained from Kilgard.   Bricks are formed and dried in
a heated drying building.    Common brick, Roman brick, and firebrick are burned in
rectangular oil-fired kilns.    The production in 1958 was 1,020,391 building bricks.
Six men were employed.
Bazan Bay (48° 123° N.E.). K. Bruce, plant manager. This
company operates a clay pit and brick and tile plant at Bazan Bay
near Sidney, Vancouver Island. Surface clay is mined by scrapers
and stockpiled for drying. It is then ground in a dry pan and
elevated to a storage hopper. Brick and tile are formed by a stiff-
mud extrusion process and dried in a temperature- and humidity-controlled drying-room.
An oil-fired shuttle-type kiln and a down-draught beehive kiln are used to burn the ware.
Common brick, building-tile, and drain-tile are produced. When the plant is operating,
an average crew of nine men is employed.
Baker Brick & Tile Company Limited.t—Victoria (48° 123° S.E). Office and
works, 3191 Douglas Street, Victoria. Surface clay is mined near the plant and transported by truck to storage bins. The clay is air-dried, ground, and formed into shapes
by the soft-mud extrusion process and then dried with waste heat from the kilns. Down-
draught kilns are used to burn the ware.
Deeks-Mc Bride
Ltd. (Clay
Division) t
Windermere  (50°  155°  S.W.).    Company office,  306 Electric
Western Gypsum   Railway Chambers, Winnipeg 2, Man.;   quarry office, Athalmer.
Products Limitedt   A. E. Portman, superintendent.    This property is at Windermere
Creek, 10 miles by road from Lake Windermere railway station.
The gypsum is crushed near the quarry-site and trucked to the railway siding at Athalmer
for shipment.
During 1958 a crew of twelve men produced 71,432 tons of gypsum, of which
69,755 tons was shipped from Athalmer. Most of the production was obtained from
the No. 1 quarry, which has been in operation for many years. This quarry was abandoned in October, 1958, and the present operations are confined to a new quarry that
was started approximately half a mile farther north. Diamond drilling completed during
1958 included eighty-nine holes at Windermere Creek totalling 8,411 feet, forty-four
holes at Burnais Draw totalling 4,766 feet, and fourteen holes at Stoddart Creek totalling
1,317 feet.
Road work included the building of 1 mile of roadway from the crusher plant to the
new quarry, and the relocation of 2 miles of the roadway below the plant to improve
* By R. B. King,
f By R. B. Bonar.
X By D. R. Morgan.   92
Along the east bank of the Thompson River between Spatsum and Basque are
several small limestone lenses one-quarter to one-half mile east of the railway. All would
have to be mined largely by underground methods.
Several limestone lenses outcrop in the small valley southwest of the Canadian Pacific
Railway station at Walhachin, 13 miles northeast of Ashcroft. The first one is one-quarter
mile from the tracks directly south of the Walhachin road bridge. The lens is about
200 feet long and 50 to 75 feet wide. It consists of dark-grey badly fractured limestone
with chert and dolomite inclusions. Sample No. 12 was taken along 200 feet on the
side of the lens. A second small limestone mass is exposed around the hillside half a
mile to the south and east. Three more lenses 100 to 200 feet in diameter form bare
mounds on a bench south across the creek from this last exposure. The largest limestone
body, about 800 feet long and 400 feet wide, forms the top of the steep east side of a
gully just south of the last-mentioned outcrop.
In the first 10 miles along the Cariboo Highway north of Cache Creek several lenses
of limestone outcrop in road cuts and beside the road.   All of these are small.
The only serious attempt in recent years to produce lime rock in this entire area was
made on a large travertine or tufa deposit on Lot 268, about 2x/i miles southwest of
Clinton. The Pacific Great Eastern Railway passes through the northwest side of the
tufa in a cut 600 feet long and 25 feet deep. The main mass of the deposit is on the
slope southeast from the tracks. The tufa forms a mound with a maximum exposed
length parallel to the tracks of 850 feet and a width of 500 feet. The deepest exposure is
in the railway cut, which does not reach the bottom of the deposit. Most of the rock is
pale buff to white porous material containing abundant casts of leaves and twigs but some
is fairly massive. Between 1947 and 1953 Clinton Lime Holdings Limited attempted to
develop the property. Some diamond drilling was done, the deposit was almost completely stripped, two small quarries were opened up, and a crushing and screening plant
was built. A small amount of agricultural lime was shipped. There has apparently been
no activity lately. Two samples of the tufa were analysed: Sample No. 13 was taken
up the 15-foot-high face of the upper quarry; sample No. 14 was taken up the 10-foot
face of the bottom quarry.
Ashcroft-Clinton Limestone Analyses
Ig. Loss
7  ..
[References: Bureau of Mines, Canada, Publ. No. 811, 1944, pp. 181-184, 221-
225; Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 262 and map, 1952, pp. 15-22, 111; Geol. Surv.,
Canada, Mem. 118, 1920, pp. 49-51; Geol. Surv., Canada, Ann. Rept., New Series,
Vol. VII, Rept. B, 1894; Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1947, p. 218; 1948,
50°0 0
I2I°00' I20,45' 120*30'
0 4 8
Figure 3. Limestone in the Merritt area.
made up of random chips taken across the lens near its centre. The third deposit is half
a mile northeast of the second one. It consists of a lens 300 feet long and 130 feet wide
associated with fossiliferous tuff and sandstone. The limestone is dark grey and contains
stringers of white calcite with some dolomite and silica. 96
Marl of undetermined thickness forms a wide zone around the southwest end of
a small lake adjacent to the east side of Highway No. 5 about 6 miles south of Courtney
Lake.   It was too water-saturated to be examined on foot.
A small lens of light-grey limestone was found 23/4 miles west of the marl deposit.
It is too small and inaccessible to be of value.
Merritt Limestone Analyses
Ig. Loss
[References:  Geol. Surv., Canada, Mem. 243, 1947; Mem. 249, 1948.]
Agassiz Lime Quarry.*—Agassiz (49° 121° S.W.). Hiram Cutler, owner. This
pit and plant ceased operation in May, 1958, and stockpiled limestone was sold. Limestone produced:  950 tons.   Five men were employed.
Popkum (49° 121° S.W.).    Head office, 905 Edmonds Street,
Fraser Valley Lime Burnaby.   Thomas Mairs, manager; John Isaacs, superintendent.
Supplies* John Isaacs replaced Arthur Isaacs as superintendent in June.
Limestone is quarried to produce agricultural limestone and industrial filler. The quarry is being worked in benches nearly 25 feet high. Rock is blasted
from the quarry face, loaded onto trucks by a 1-cubic-yard front-end loader, and transported to the crushing plant. About 4,000 tons of limestone was quarried during 1958.
Ten men were employed.
Vananda (49° 124° N.W.).   Head office, 744 West Hastings Street,
Beale Quarries      Vancouver;   quarry office, Vananda.   Lafarge Cement of North
Division* America Ltd., owner; W. D. Webster, superintendent.   Limestone
is quarried to produce pulp rock for paper mills, agricultural limestone, crushed limestone, and cement rock. The quarry is worked on levels with faces
about 40 feet high. Vertical blast-holes are drilled with a Joy Heavy-weight Champion
drill. Broken rock is loaded by a 3-cubic-yard Bucyrus shovel onto Euclid 63T trucks
and transported to the crushing plant. This plant is equipped with an Allis-Chalmers
60- by 48-inch primary jaw crusher, an Allis-Chalmers 36- by 48-inch secondary jaw
crusher, and a Pennsylvania impactor. Screens and belt-conveyors are installed to accommodate two main sizes of rock—pulp rock from 6 to 12 inches and cement rock which
is minus three-quarters of an inch.
Limestone produced:  212,619 tons.   Twenty-four men were employed.
Vananda (49° 124° N.W.).   British Columbia office, 1155 West
Ideal Cement      Georgia Street, Vancouver; quarry office, Vananda.   W. S. Beale,
Company Ltd.*     manager, Rock Products Division.   This company purchased the
assets of W. S. Beale (1955) Ltd. and assumed control in February,
1958.   The rock quarry is on Lot 25, Texada Island, and is about 2 miles south of
Vananda.   The crushing plant is at Marble Bay, adjacent to Vananda.   During the year
a new crushing plant was built which can crush and screen 6,000 tons of limestone per
day.   Rock is broken from low quarry faces, loaded onto trucks by a %-cubic-yard
Marion 372 shovel, and is transported to the crushing plant.   The plant consists of a
Pioneer bar feeder which feeds rock to a fixed grizzly that scalps out all —14-inch
Merriam and Peskor.*—Wynndel (49° 116° S.W.). F. Merriam, owner. This
pit is on the Creston-Kootenay Bay Highway, AVi miles north of Wynndel. In addition
to supplying a small amount of gravel for building construction, gravel was also provided
for the Peskor Paving Ltd. plant of Carl Peskor. The tar mixing plant was established
at the quarry.
Seaman's Gravel Pit.*—Wynndel (49° 116° S.W.). George Seaman, Creston,
owner. This pit is at the north end of Duck Creek road, 1 mile north of Wynndel.
Approximately 2,000 cubic yards of road gravel was excavated from a low bench by a
front-end loader.
Premier Sand and Gravel Company Limited.*—Nelson (49° 117° S.E). Albert
Shrieves, president and manager; D. Norcross, superintendent. This property is located
on the east side of the City of Nelson in the vicinity of Anderson Creek. This property
was purchased from the former owners and operated in conjunction with Nelson Ready-
Mix Concrete Ltd. concrete plant. Gravel is removed by dragline and then crushed and
Production in 1958 was 31,276 cubic yards.   Five men were employed.
(49° 117° S.E.).   Associated Enterprises Limited, of Salmo, in-
Feeney Pit*        stalled a portable screening plant at this pit, 5 miles south of Salmo
on the Salmo-Nelway Highway.   Approximately 1,000 cubic yards
of %-inch and %6-inch gravel was produced and trucked to the cement-tile manufacturing plant of Valley Concrete Limited located 1 mile west of Salmo.
Trail (49° 117° S.W.). This pit, owned by Korpack Cement
Ferraro Gravel Pit* Products Company Limited, of Trail, is located between Casino
Road and the Columbia River, 2 miles south of Trail. Gravel
excavated from low benches is loaded directly into a portable crushing and screening
plant. The products are sold to the public, to McGauley Ready-Mix Concrete Company,
or shipped to the owner's concrete, cinder, and chimney-block plant in Trail. A crew of
three men was employed.
Abbotsford Gravel Sales Ltd.—Abbotsford (49° 122° S.E.). This pit is 7 miles
west and 6 miles south of Abbotsford. Gravel is mined by shovel and scraper. A plant,
adjacent to the pit, crushes, washes, and sizes the gravel. The products are used as
aggregate in a ready-mix concrete plant or are sold locally.    Four men were employed.
Clearbrooke (49° 122° S.E.). Dueck Building Supplies Ltd.,
Dueck's Gravel Pit owner.   This pit is about 1 mile north of Clearbrooke.   Sand and
gravel are dug from low gravel faces by an overhead loader and
transported to a bucket elevator, by which they are elevated to a crushing, washing, and
sizing plant. Pit-run, washed, and sized gravel are produced. A ready-mix plant
furnishes concrete for local sales.    Seven men were employed.
Foster's Gravel Pit.—Aldergrove (49° 122° S.E.). C. N. Foster, owner. This
pit is about 3 miles south of Aldergrove. Sand and gravel are mined from low faces by
a front-end loader. Pit-run gravel is sold locally. The production in 1958 was 4,084
cubic yards.   One man was employed.
Border Sand and Gravel Company.—White Rock (49° 122° S.W.). Office and
plant, Boundary Road, R.R. 4, White Rock. T. Lapierre, manager. Gravel is dug from
low faces by an overhead loader. It is transported for washing and sizing to a plant or is
sold as pit-run gravel.   Three men were employed.
: By J. E. Merrett. 100 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Cloverdale (49° 122° S.W.).   Office and plant, 12311 Fifty-third
Colebrook Sand     Avenue, R.R.   1, Cloverdale.    F. Bray, president and general
& Gravel Company manager.    Sand and gravel are mined by an overhead loader,
Limited loaded onto trucks, and hauled to a semi-portable washing and
screening plant.   Washed and sized products or pit-run gravel are
sold locally.   The production in 1958 was 5,293 cubic yards of pit-run and 16,630 cubic
yards of washed and sized products.   Two men were employed.
Newton (49° 122° S.W.).   Linton's Construction Co. Ltd., oper-
Sunshine Properties   ator;   Thomas A. Linton, managing director.    This pit is about
Ltd. 1 mile south and 3 miles west of Newton on the British Columbia
Electric Railway. Gravel is mined from low faces by three diesel-
driven shovels. It is either crushed and screened in a portable crusher or is sold as
run-of-pit. Production in 1958 was 213,664 cubic yards of run-of-pit and 64,642 cubic
yards of crushed material.   Six men were employed.
Corporation of the District of Surrey.—Cloverdale (49° 122° S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels and is transported to crushers by
trucks or is used directly as pit-run gravel.
Corporation of the Township of Langley.—Murrayville (49° 122° S.W.). Several gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by diesel-driven shovels and is transported to crushers
by trucks or is used directly as pit-run gravel.
Hornby General Machinery Company.—Langley Municipality (49° 122° S.W.).
Office, Cloverdale; pit, Gobsell Road. Harry Hornby, owner. Run-of-pit gravel is
mined by two small diesel shovels from low pit faces. A portion of the production
is crushed and sized in a portable plant. The remainder is sold as run-of-pit. Production
in 1958 was 20,519 cubic yards.    Three men were employed.
S.U.B. Quarries Ltd.—Port Mann (49° 122° S.W.). Office, 611 No. 3 Road,
Brighouse. Gravel is mined by digging low gravel faces with diesel-driven shovels.
Most of the production is supplied as pit-run gravel to a crushing plant and ready-mix
plant adjacent to the pit.   Five men were employed.
Trouton Excavating Ltd.—New Westminster (49° 122° S.W.). Office and plant,
10987 Sandell Road, New Westminster. W. R. Trouton, manager. In 1958 some gravel
was mined from the floor of the pit and sold as run-of-pit.   Three men were employed.
Elderkin's Excavating Ltd.—Port Mann (49° 122° S.W.). Office, Burnaby.
Lawrence Elderkin, manager. This company operates a small pit near Port Mann. Gravel
is mined by overhead loader or a small shovel and is sold locally as pit-run. One man
was employed.
Barker Construction Co. Ltd.—Ladner (49° 123° S.E.). C. E. Barker, president;
W. H. Greene, manager. This company operates a pit on Boundary Bay Road. Gravel
is mined from low faces by diesel-driven shovels and is crushed and screened or sold
Corporation of the District of Coquitlam.—Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Several
gravel pits are operated within the township for the purpose of road maintenance and
construction. Gravel is mined by a small diesel shovel. Gravel is either crushed in a
portable crusher or used as pit-run. STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND INDUSTRIAL MINERALS
Coquitlam (49°  122° S.W.).   Jack Cewe, owner and manager.
Jack Cewe This pit is about 3 miles north of Coquitlam on Pipe Line Road.
Blacktop Ltd.       The deposit, being part of the Mary Hill outwash, is of a glacio-
fluvial origin and represents outwash of sand and medium to coarse
gravel with minor interbedded lenses of till.
Gravel is mined from 30-foot faces by a 1-cubic-yard-capacity diesel-driven shovel.
It is loaded onto trucks for transportation to local markets as pit-run gravel or is crushed
and sized for use by an adjacent asphalt road-materials plant.   Nine men were employed.
Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Company office, 902 Columbia
Gilley Bros. Limited Street, New Westminster. J. H. Gilley, general manager; James
(Maryhill Division)   C. Gilley, production supervisor;    E. Johnston, superintendent.
This pit and its plant are on the Fraser River near Coquitlam.
Sand and gravel are mined from 30-foot faces by a 2Vi-cubic-yard disesel-driven shovel
and trucked by 12-cubic-yard trucks to a crushing plant. Crushed rock is distributed
to two washing plants. Sand, gravel, and crushed products produced from this property
are transported by scows to markets.    Forty-five men were employed.
S. and S. Gravel Pit.—Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). N. P. Stromgren and C. B.
Scott, owners. This pit is on Pipe Line Road north of Coquitlam. Gravel is mined from
low gravel faces by a diesel-driven shovel or an overhead loader and is either crushed in
a portable crusher or sold locally as run-of-pit.    Four men were employed.
Coquitlam (49° 122° S.W.). Company office, Coquitlam. This
Scott Bros. Ltd.     company operates several small pits near Coquitlam.   The Lucas
pit on Pipe Line Road, the Jacoby pit on the Coquitlam River
about 2 miles north of the Dewdney truck-road, and from several areas along the banks
of the Coquitlam River. Gravel is mined by overhead loader onto trucks and sold as
pit-run or is crushed and screened.   Four men were employed.
Corporation of the Municipality of Burnaby.—Burnaby (49° 122° S. W).
S. Thompson, works superintendent. The pit, on Stride Avenue, is operated by E. R.
Taylor Construction Co. Ltd. for the Municipality of Burnaby. Gravel is mined by
a 1-cubic-yard diesel-driven shovel. It is loaded onto trucks and transported to a
portable crusher or is used as run-of-pit gravel.
Enemark Construe
tion Limited
Indian Arm (49 ° 122 ° S. W.). Office, Port Mellon. T. Enemark,
president. This pit is on the south half of Lot 1, District Lot 1027,
Township 6, Range 7, west of the 7th meridian. It is on the west
shore of Indian Arm near Clementine Creek. Coarse gravel and
rock is mined from talus slopes and creek bottoms by VA- and 2 Vi-cubic-yard-capacity
diesel-driven shovels. It is then trucked and dumped directly on scows for shipment to
local markets. While operating, fourteen men are employed and production is at the rate
of 25,000 cubic yards a month.
Company office, 1051 Main Street, Vancouver; George B. McKeen,
president; H. W. Rhodes, vice-president, production and development; J. W. Sharpe, general manager. Two gravel pits and crushing plants were operated during 1958 by this company. One pit
is near Coquitlam (49° 123° S.E.), and the other is near the mouth of Seymour Creek
(49° 123° S.E.). At the Coquitlam pit, gravel is mined with a 1-cubic-yard-capacity
electrically operated dragline and is transported by a conveyor belt to a jaw crusher and
then to a washing plant. The washed and sized gravel is stored in steel bunkers and is
sold locally or used in a ready-mix cement plant.   Twelve men were employed.
At the Seymour plant, gravel is mined by a %-cubic-yard dragline at the edge of
Burrard Inlet. Gravel is transported by conveyors to a washing plant. Crushed,
washed, and sized gravel is shipped by scow or truck or is used in a ready-mix plant.
Twenty men were employed.
Lynnmour (49° 123° S.E.).    Company office, Lynnmour.   W. J.
Highland Sand and Barrett-Leonard, president and general manager;  D. F. Spankie,
Gravel Company    director.   This company operates two plants—one on East Keith
Limited Road, Lynnmour, and one at 2962 Lambert Road, Langley Munici
pality. At the Lynnmour plant, sand, gravel, crushed products, and
road materials are produced. Material is mined from low gravel faces by a % -cubic-yard
diesel-driven shovel and is transported to a crushing, screening, and washing plant. Gravel
purchased from local supplies is also prepared in this plant. Eleven men were employed.
At the Langley plant, gravel is mined from low gravel faces by shovel and trucked
to a plant, where it is washed, crushed, and sized.   Seven men were employed.
During 1958, 163,810 cubic yards of material was handled by these plants, which
involved the following products: Crushed rock, 25,892 cubic yards; sand and gravel,
50,321 cubic yards; crushed fills, 77,781 cubic yards; bank-run fill, 29,866 cubic yards.
Maclynn Gravel Co. Ltd.—Lynnmour (49° 123° S.E.). Company office, Keith
Road, Lynnmour. A. D. MacMillan, owner and operator. Gravel is dug by dragline
from the bottom of Lynn Creek. The run-of-pit gravel is sold locally. Three men were
West Vancouver Municipality (49° 123° S.E.).    C. W. Bridge,
Capilano Crushing  general  manager.     This   company  operated  two   crushing  and
Co. Ltd. washing plants—plant No. 1 at 606 Marine Drive, West Vancou
ver, and plant No. 2 at 33 East First Avenue, Vancouver. Gravel
is mined by dredging the foreshore near the mouth of the Capilano River. Two diesel-
driven draglines are used to remove the gravel. One of these loads gravel onto trucks
for transport to plant No. 1; the other loads gravel onto scows for transport to plant
No. 2.   Total 1958 production from both plants was approximately 330,000 cubic yards.
West Vancouver Municipality (49° 123° S.E.).    Office, Capilano
Routledge Post Office.   T. C. Routledge, president.   This company operates
Gravel Ltd. two pits—No. 1 on the Indian reservation at the lower end of
Lower Capilano Road and No. 2 at the mouth of Lynn Creek at
the lower end of Brooksbank Avenue, North Vancouver. In both pits, gravel is scraped
by a 7-cubic-yard scraper from underwater deposits and is conveyed to crushing, screening, and washing plants. The production in 1958 was 70,000 cubic yards of run-of-pit
and 150,000 cubic yards of screened and crushed material. Twenty men were employed.
Britannia Beach (49°  123° N.E.).    Company office, 628 Car-
Construction       narvon Street, New Westminster.    Gravel is mined by scraping
Aggregates Ltd.    material from a high bank into a large hopper.   The oversized rock
is removed and the finer sizes of gravel are conveyed by an inclined
belt to a washing and screening plant.   The fine sand is treated in an Aitkens classifier
to remove fine deleterious material. The sand and gravel are shipped by scow or railroad
to markets.   Eight men were employed.
Hillside (49° 123° S.E.).    Company office, 1075 Main Street,
Hillside Sand &    Vancouver;  plant, Hillside.   J. E. Buerk, manager;  Ray Kehoe,
Gravel Limited     superintendent.    This pit is on the west shore of Howe Sound
and is accessible by road from Gibsons Landing.   Gravel is mined
by washing with a constant flow of water cascading over the high pit face.    Gravel is    106
The analyses of four samples taken across the quarry faces as indicated in Figure 4
are tabulated below:—
1             .                                                                	
Per Cent
Per Cent
Per Cent
2  _ ..
3   __.._  	
4                       .   .      .  ...  .   	
0 02
Note.—Samples were prepared for analysis by grinding in a porcelain ball mill so some contamination by alumina
is represented in the above results.
[References:   Minister of Mines, B.C., Ann. Repts., 1953, p. 198;   1955, p. 102;
1956, p. 159.]
Figure 4. Oliver Silica Quarry.  108 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
At the close of 1958, development of the Beatton River and Milligan Creek oil areas
was progressing actively while the general search for oil and gas continued, mainly along
a trend from the Buick Creek field to the Fort Nelson area.
Wells operated in other parts of the Province were Hereon Key Evans No. 1 in the
Vancouver area, Charter et al. Saturna No. 1 on Saturna Island, and five wells drilled by
Richfield Oil Corporation on Graham Island.
Nineteen drilling contractors operated over forty rigs during 1958. The maximum
number of rigs active in any month was thirty-two during the month of January.
Of the 112 wells operated, twenty-three were completed as gas wells, seventeen
were completed as oil wells, fifty-one were abandoned, one was suspended, and twenty
were drilling at the end of the year. In addition, ten approved locations were awaiting
rigs. During August ten wells, previously classified as potential gas wells, were abandoned.
A total of 484,287 feet was drilled during the year, with February and July accounting for the greatest and least monthly totals of 76,385 feet and 19,273 feet, respectively.
A summary of wells drilled during 1958 is shown in Table I.
Completions made during the year increased the total potential producers to 148
gas wells and thirty-nine oil wells.
Eighteen areas were designated as oil or gas fields, and the descriptions of the Blueberry and of the previously designated Boundary Lake, Pouce Coupe, and Fort St. John
fields were amended. Information concerning all fields designated to date is given in
Table II. The number of development wells completed within these fields were: Nine
oil wells in Boundary Lake, three oil wells in Milligan Creek, three gas wells in Kobes-
Townsend, two gas wells each in East Blueberry and Blueberry, and one gas well each
in Boundary, Buick Creek, Dawson Creek, Gundy Creek, Halfway, and Fort St. John
A summary of the reserves, together with explanatory notes, is given in Table III.
The gas reserve has not increased as much as anticipated, but this situation is considered merely a temporary one in the development of northeastern British Columbia.
On the other hand, the oil reserve has increased substantially, and the time is fast approaching when an oil pipe-line will be justified.
Sixty-nine gas wells produced 64,051,785,000 cubic feet of gas and twenty-eight
oil wells produced 512,359 barrels of crude oil during the year. The highest monthly
production was in December, when 6,642,643,000 cubic feet of gas and 68,180 barrels
of oil were produced.
Westcoast Transmission Company Limited purchased the gas production. The
crude oil was delivered to refineries at Dawson Creek and Grande Prairie, Alta.
A summary of the monthly production of gas, oil, and products recovered at the
McMahon plant is given in Table IV.
Gas-gathering System
The gas-gathering system, owned and operated by Westcoast Transmission Company Limited, extends from the plant at Taylor southeast to the Peace River area of
northwestern Alberta and northwest along the Alaska Highway, tapping one of the largest PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS 109
potential gas-producing areas in Canada. The wet, sour gas part of the system supplies
the McMahon gas-processing plant. The main part of the system consists of 3.9 miles
of 12%-inch line to the Fort St. John Southeast field and 8 miles of 18-inch fine to the
Fort St. John field; 38 miles of 26-inch line, 17.8 miles of 20-inch line, 18 miles of
18-inch line, and 11 miles of 12%-inch line extend to the Highway field just beyond
Mile-post 121 on the Alaska Highway.
The laterals, which service the gas-producing areas, consist of 2.9 miles of 41/2-inch
line to the Red Creek field, 6.4 miles of 8%-inch line and an extension of 7.4 miles of
41/i-inch line to the Stoddart area and Montney field, 15.7 miles of 20-inch line to the
Buick Creek field, 20 miles of 12%-inch line to the Halfway and Kobes field and an
extension of 5.5 miles of 8%-inch line to the Townsend wells, 6 miles of 8%-inch line
to the Blueberry and West Blueberry fields, and 6 miles of 10%-inch line to the Gundy
Creek field.
This gathering system is designed to transport between 300 and 400 millions of
cubic feet of raw gas plus several thousand barrels of liquid hydrocarbons per day.
The dry-gas part of the system in British Columbia is located south of the Peace
River. It delivers dry gas from two British Columbia fields and from Alberta to the
30-inch main transmission-line near the McMahon plant. The main 26-inch gathering-
line extends 37 miles to the British Columbia-Alberta boundary, and from it 8%-inch
laterals extend 5.45 miles to the Dawson Creek field and 6.7 miles to the Kiskatinaw
Gas Plant and Refinery Installations in the Peace River District
The McMahon gas scrubbing and refining plant, one of the world's largest of its
kind, is at Taylor on the banks of the Peace River about 36 miles northwest of Dawson
Creek. The final unit of the plant went into operation in mid-February, 1958. The
purpose of the plant is to separate the condensate from the sour, wet natural gas gathered from wells in the area, sweeten and dehydrate the gas, extract recoverable liquid
hydrocarbons, and convert them into final products including propane, butane, finished
motor and aviation fuels, kerosene, and diesel oil.
The major processing facilities are: Amine-treating and solid absorbent type dehydration, absorption, and distillation, light ends fractionation, condensate stabilization
and fractionation, and hydrogen treating and catalytic reforming.
The scrubbing plant, owned by Westcoast Transmission Company Limited and
operated by Pacific Petroleums Ltd., has a capacity sufficient to treat some 345 million
cubic feet of raw gas per day to produce 300 million cubic feet of pipe-line gas. The
plant capacity can be increased with only minor alteration to produce 400 million cubic
feet of pipe-line gas per day.
The adjacent refinery, owned jointly by Phillips Petroleum Company, of Bartles-
ville, Oklahoma, and Pacific Petroleums Ltd., and operated by Pacific Petroleums Ltd.,
has a capacity of approximately 3,000 barrels per day. The refining plant takes the
liquid fractions from the gas scrubbing plant and refines them to make the finished
The sulphur recovery plant, with a capacity of 425 tons per day, is owned and
operated by Jefferson Lake Petrochemicals of Canada, Ltd., a subsidiary of Jefferson
Lake Sulphur Company of the United States.
The refinery at Dawson Creek, owned by Pacific Petroleums Ltd. and Phillips
Petroleum Company, has a capacity of approximately 2,500 barrels per day that will be
increased to 3,500 barrels per day by the end of 1959. This refinery processes asphaltic
crude to supply the local market with asphalt paving for the Alaska Highway. 110
Richfield Mic-Mac-Homestead Nadu River No. 1 well drilling on Graham Island.
Well head with pump in operation, Fort St. John oilfield.   PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS
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M M (5 (3 (5     120 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
about noon the men drilled and blasted three short lifters. These were 2-foot holes with
one stick of powder in each (very little blasting was required in this ground). Chisan
then mucked out the face, loading about ten cars, and having done this he extended the
air-duct and water-pipe. Meanwhile, Grams barred down the face and, as stated later,
was of the impression that the ground seemed to be getting harder.
The men then set the sill in position, after which they all went out to fetch the
timber for the posts and cap-piece. While the men were out fetching timber, Stan Hill,
the tunnel foreman, went in and examined the face. He found everything normal at this
time. The men then returned to the face and began to erect the set. Grams and Ryder
set the post on the right side of the drift and were bracing it while Chisan was cleaning
muck off the sill on the left side ready to set the other post. Stan Hill was standing on
the right side of the drift supervising the work. Suddenly the men heard a sound of
falling rock and when they looked around they saw that a large piece of rock had rolled
off the bottom part of the left side of the face and had fallen on Chisan, knocking him
to the floor of the drift and trapping him. The rock was originally about 4 by 4 by 1 Va
feet, weighing about 600 pounds, but broke into three pieces after it had struck Chisan
and fell to the floor of the drift. The men quickly released Chisan, but he was apparently dead. He was brought out of the mine and taken to Merritt hospital, where he
was examined by Dr. Hewson and found to be dead. Death was later found to be due
to multiple fractures involving the base of the skull with severe brain damage.
The inquest was held on November 10th at the Merritt court-house. The verdict
was as follows:—
" We, the jury, find that Robert Gordon Chisan met his death at the Birkett Creek
mine at about 2 p.m. on November 1st due to a fall of rock. The cause of death was
multiple fractures of the skull.   We find that no blame is to be attached to anyone."
The verdict of the inquest is concurred with. The ground was known to be very
weak and badly fractured. It was difficult to scale effectively, but most of the broken
material was small in size. Every part of the adit had been well timbered throughout,
and further safety measures are difficult to suggest other than continual, careful observation and checking of the face. The most dangerous operation is undoubtedly the timbering, as this is the time when men must stand closest to the face. It would appear
from the position of Chisan after the accident that he probably was partly turned with
his back to the face at the time.
Fred William Giesen, aged 65, Canadian, and working as a self-employed miner
in the Pine Creek Placer mine near Atlin, was smothered by a fall of ground at the face
of a short adit on November 11th, 1958, at about 3.30 p.m.
The adit in which the accident occurred had been driven 16 feet from the portal.
It was a prospect drift and was in unconsolidated material. It was 9 feet wide and timbered, but the timber used was very old and dried out and all 6 inches or less in diameter.
No footsills or dividers were installed. On the day of the accident the deceased's partner, Karl Sieger, an inexperienced miner, was working upstream about 500 feet away.
He observed Giesen at 3 p.m., but when he visited the adit at 3.40 p.m. he discovered
a cave-in near the face and presumed Giesen was buried. Sieger could do little without
help, and this was obtained shortly after from Atlin, 6 miles away. The body was recovered from under 3Vi feet of gravel and sand. Artificial respiration was given but without success.
Later investigation revealed that a set of timber had broken at the face, permitting
a run of loose gravel and sand. From the position of the body it would appear Giesen
had tried to escape, but had been struck by the run, rendered unconscious, and, when
covered by sand, suffocated.
The accident was due to poor timbering being done, and it would seem that the
deceased, although an experienced man, had complete disregard for his own safety.  122 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Accidents Causing Death or Injury Classified as to the
Occupation of Those Injured
Number of Percentage
Occupation                                                                                 Accidents of Total
Barmen        4 2.8
Chutemen       4 2.8
Haulagemen     12 8.4
Miners .     74 51.7
Muckers        8 5.6
Timbermen        9 6.3
Repairmen        6 4.2
Trackmen and pipe-fitters       2 1.4
Skip-tenders        1 0.7
Miscellaneous       9 6.3
Supervisors and staff       4 2.8
Shops        1 0.7
Mill        2 1.4
Surface, general       7 4.9
Totals  143 100.0
Accidents Causing Injury Classified as to Parts of the Body Injured
Number of Percentage
Location                                                                                Accidents of Total
Head and neck     11 7.7
Eyes        5 3.5
Trunk     10 7.0
Back (including shoulders)       37 25.9
Arms (including wrists)      11 7.7
Hands and fingers      21 14.6
Legs and ankles     28 19.6
Feet     16 11.2
Fatal        4 2.8
Totals  143 100.0
Compensable Non-fatal Accidents Related to Tons Mined
and Men Employed
Number of
Number of
per 1,000
Tons Mined
1953 - -  --	
1954      -                -	
1957 -  ~     	
1958   _..___	 INSPECTION OF MINES 123
Twenty-two dangerous occurrences were reported as required by section 9 of the
" Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act" and were investigated by the Inspectors of
Mines.   This represents an increase of 22 per cent from the eighteen reported for 1957.
Of these occurrences, nine were connected with hoisting, six with explosives, two
with electricity, two with subsidence, one with fire, one with gas inflow, and one with
rock bump.
On February 24th, 1958, an explosion took place when a miner at the Reeves
MacDonald mine apparently drilled into a small amount of explosives not detonated by
the previous blast. He was not injured. It was ruled he had not thoroughly examined
the face previous to drilling and, as a consequence, his blasting certificate was suspended
for a period of three months.
On March 16th, 1958, at the Bluebell mine a short circuit in the ventilating system
allowed a dangerous concentration of carbon dioxide gas, which was being released from
the rock strata, to accumulate in the main shaft area between No. 8 and No. 6 levels.
The ventilating system was revised and the gas was removed before any person suffered
from it.
On March, 1958, a fire of unknown origin destroyed a warehouse and its contents
at the New Cronin Babine mine.
On April 15th, 1958, the cage-tender at the No. 3 shaft of Pioneer mine was
preparing to clean out the east skip, for which operation it was necessary to raise the skip
high in the dump. While the hoistman was doing so, the bottom limit switch on the west
side came into operation and the power kicked off. Using the backout switch, the hoist-
man raised the west skip about 4 feet after disengaging the clutch on the east side. The
hoistman attempted to re-engage the clutch, but before it was fully engaged he released
the brake and the west skip then fell freely past the limit switch, which set the brakes.
This stopped the skip after the drum turned about 12 feet beyond the bottom limit, which
was sufficient to allow the rope to twist into two tight loops. There was no damage to the
skip and, as no one was riding, there was no injuries.
On May 8th, 1958, the surface skips at the Merry Widow mine of Empire Development Company Limited ran away, with resultant damage to the hoisting-rope and other
equipment. The hoistman was lowering ore at the time. The hoist, which was powered
by a wound rotor induction motor, was held to full speed, when lowering a load, by
regenerative braking. However, at the time of the incident the generators were tripped
off the line either by reverse current generated by the hoist motor or inadvertently from
some other cause. This left the motor without excitation current and, since no power
would be produced, the hoist ran away. Unfortunately, the auxiliary automatic brake
was inoperative as it had just previously been dismantled for repairs. The operating
brakes are applied hydraulically, assisted by weights, but with the power off the weights
alone did not apply sufficient pressure to effect a quick stop. The skips reached the end
of the run with sufficient speed to shear the cable clamps and this allowed the rope to slide
down the incline. It had to be discarded. Adjustments were made to the braking system
to prevent a recurrence of this incident.
On May 13th, 1958, the north skip in the inclined No. 5 shaft of Pioneer mine
jumped the track when travelling down empty and became wedged in the shaft. Derailment was evidently due to a rock becoming wedged in the bottom guide shoe.
On May 24th, 1958, a large area of the tailings dump at the Mineral King mine
collapsed suddenly and slid into Toby Creek. A workman employed on the dump
managed to scramble to safety. It is suspected a section of the dump had become
undermined by water. 124 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
On June 7th, 1958, four electricians were removing a 2,300-volt oil switch in the
Jersey mine of Canadian Exploration Limited when the foreman inadvertently closed the
main switch from another location. Severe arcing took place, but the workmen were
able to leave the working-place without injury. As a result of this incident, changes were
made in operational procedure so that it would be necessary for each employee working
on equipment powered by electricity to lock the control switch in the open position with
his own padlock and each person so doing to remove only his own padlock on completion
of the work.
On July 2nd, 1958, a timber-car, which had been hung below the cage in the No. 2
shaft of Pioneer mine, swung loose in the shaft and several shaft timbers were broken
when the cage was lowered. The timber-car has retractable guide-shoes which either had
not been locked in position or had become disengaged.
On July 7th, 1958, a descending cage in the No. 2 shaft of Pioneer mine was stopped
by a shaft timber which had loosened and projected into the cage compartment of the
shaft. About 2,000 feet of rope was unwound from the hoist drum before the incident
was discovered. Two men were in the cage but neither was injured. The rope was
sufficiently damaged to require replacement.
On July 21st, 1958, a miner was trapped by a run of muck from a draw-hole in
a slusher drift in the Sullivan mine while he was preparing to bulldoze a hang-up in the
draw-hole. He was buried up to his shoulders and on removal was found to have suffered
a broken leg. He was alone at the time of the incident, and thus it is fortunate the fuse
for the bulldoze had not been ignited.
On July 26th, 1958, a slusherman was preparing to bulldoze seven large rocks in
a scram drift in the Reeves MacDonald mine. He was in the process of lighting the third
bulldoze when one of the other two ignited charges exploded. Seven to ten sticks of
Stopeite were in the charge, but fortunately the slusherman was shielded from the direct
line of fire by a large boulder. He suffered a ruptured ear-drum and shock, but was led
to safety by a near-by miner before the other charges exploded. It is believed that the
premature explosion was caused by a rock rolling down from a draw-point and striking
one of the ignited charges.
On August 6th, 1958, a workman at the Cowichan Copper mine suffered a broken
leg and a severe gash on the chin when he returned too soon to the scene of a blast. He
had lit two shots but returned on hearing one report. The workman did not have
a blasting certificate and apparently acted on his own initiative.
On August 8th, 1958, the floor of a section of drift in No. 8 level of the Bluebell
mine suddenly heaved up a height of 1 foot. The drift was being driven close to a zone
where carbon dioxide gas and water had been released. This area had been cement
grouted under high pressure, and it was thought that this pressure had relieved itself
through the heaving of the floor of the drift.
On September 8th, 1958, an aluminum angle forming part of the bail of the skip in
the No. 3 shaft of Pioneer mine broke while muck was being dumped. The hoistman
suspected something was wrong, and thus the defect was discovered before there were
more serious consequences.
On October 22nd, 1958, a load of diamond-drill rods 10 feet long became loose
while being hoisted in the cage in the No. 2 shaft of Pioneer mine. The rods, standing
vertically, had been chained together slightly below the mid-point. Considerable damage
was caused to the cage and the shaft timber.
On October 24th, 1958, there was considerable damage to the hoisting-rope and
shaft guides of the No. 1 shaft, Cariboo Gold Quartz mine, when the cage became stuck
in the cage compartment and the unwinding rope looped into the adjoining skip compartment, to be caught by the ascending skip. The incident occurred during the initial run
at the start of a shift, and thus no persons were involved.    128 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
During 1958 the mine-rescue stations at Cumberland, Fernie, Nelson, and Princeton
were fully maintained and an instructor, qualified in mine-rescue and first aid, was on duty
at each station. Each station is equipped with sufficient self-contained oxygen breathing
apparatus to maintain at least two mine-rescue teams of six men each should any emergency in near-by mines arise. The equipment consists of McCaa two-hour apparatus and
Chemox %-hour apparatus, as well as all-service gas-masks, self-rescuers, methane and
carbon monoxide detectors, inhalators, and a complete supply of first-aid equipment.
Supplies and facilities for charging and servicing all this equipment are maintained.
The station at Cumberland is maintained to serve coal mines in the area. There
were no emergency calls for the apparatus during 1958, but two requests for oxygen from
the local hospital were promptly complied with. A truck is kept at the station for
emergency purposes.
The station at Princeton was converted to a mobile unit in 1957. A large panel
truck was equipped with all facilities and thus was able to give service over a wide area.
Mine-rescue or first-aid training was given at the Cariboo Gold Quartz, Western Nickel,
Highland Bell, Bralorne, and French mines. Fire departments at Merritt, Wells, Oliver,
and Princeton were also given help with rescue training. The mobile unit gave ambulance
service five times while travelling on the highways. The general public also received
first-aid instruction in courses held at Princeton, Hedley, and Merritt.
The mobile mine-rescue unit stationed at Nelson continued to be of great assistance
in promoting and giving instruction in mine-rescue and first aid at mines in the East and
West Kootenay areas. Mine-rescue courses were held at Bluebell, Reeves MacDonald,
and Canadian Exploration mines. Assistance at first-aid classes was given at Riondel,
Salmo, New Denver, Kaslo, Remac, and Nelson. Fire departments at Nelson, Salmo,
and New Denver were given help in apparatus training.
The mine-rescue station at Fernie is maintained principally to serve the coal mines
in the area, but mine-rescue training is also given to personnel of the Sullivan mine at
Kimberley. The training of new men for mine-rescue work in coal or metal mines
continued in 1958 as well as the maintenance of monthly practices for teams. Assistance
was given in the first-aid classes at Fernie. The mine-rescue equipment was made available for a major fire which took place in Fernie.
In addition to the mine-rescue equipment maintained at the Government mine-rescue
stations, there are sets of McCaa or Chemox apparatus at the Sullivan, Canadian Exploration, Michel, Bridge River, Cariboo Gold Quartz, H.B., Bluebell, Toric, and Mineral
King mines.   The district instructor makes periodic checks of this equipment.
A certificate of competency in mine-rescue work is granted to each man who takes
the full training course and passes the examination set by the Department of Mines.
During 1958, in addition to the regular teams in training, seventy-nine men took the full
course and were granted certificates, as follows:—   INSPECTION OF MINES 131
At all meets, competitions were held in first-aid as well as mine-rescue work. In
these competitions, events were also held for women and juniors. Representatives from
other industries and organizations not necessarily directly connected with mining also
Competitions were also sponsored by mining companies. Two first-aid competitions
were held at Bralorne—one in April by Bralorne Mines Limited and one in November
by the Bridge River Valley Mine Safety Association. In May The Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, held a mine-rescue competition at Chapman
Camp as an elimination contest for entry in the annual competition of the East Kootenay
Mine Safety Association.
The third Provincial mine-rescue competition was held at Victoria on June 28th,
1958. The winning teams from the Cumberland, Hope, Salmo, and Kimberley events
competed for a trophy and silver trays. The event was won by the Tsable River team,
captained by J. Thomson. In conjunction with the competition the Workmen's Compensation Board sponsored the second Provincial first-aid competition. Teams competed
which had won local events at Cumberland, Hope, Victoria, Salmo, Kimberley, and Port
Mellon. The winning team was from Howe Sound Pulp Division, Canadian Forest
Products Ltd., and was captained by C. Mahlman.
The John T. Ryan Regional Safety Award for the metal mine with the lowest
accident-frequency record for 1958 was won by the H.B. mine of The Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, at Salmo. To win this trophy the
H.B. mine completed the year without an accident involving loss of time of over six days.
This record also won the Dominion Ryan Trophy, which had only once before been
won by a mine in British Columbia. The company's safety organization, officials, and
employees deserve high praise for this achievement.
The 1958 regional safety award for coal mines was won by the Tsable River mine
of Canadian Collieries Resources Limited, near Cumberland. This is the fourth year in
succession that this mine has won the award. The company's safety programme has thus
been quite effective.
In 1955 the Mining Association of British Columbia set up a Safety Division with
the object of promoting and assisting in establishing and maintaining effective safety
programmes at its member mines. These programmes have been quite effective since
1955, as indicated by a decrease in the frequency of all types of accidents. During 1958
this decrease was further accentuated by a decrease in fatalities and the serious maiming
type of injuries. Five courses in mine safety and job instruction were given. Visits were
made by the safety director to member mines, where meetings were held with supervisors
and reports made giving recommendations on practices and conditions found at these
mines.   Monthly accident statistics were compiled and issued to member mines.
The West Kootenay Mine Safety Association in 1951 donated a safety trophy for
annual competition in order to encourage and promote safety in small mines not eligible
for the John T. Ryan awards. At first the trophy was restricted to mines in the West
Kootenay area, but in 1956 this restriction was removed.
The award is made to the mine having the lowest accident rate and working a total
of from 2,500 to 30,000 shifts per year, one-third of these having been worked underground.   An accident is taken as one which involves more than three days' loss of time. r
In 1958 the award was won by the French mine near Hedley and was presented at
a joint meeting of the West Kootenay Mine Safety Association and the Nelson branch of
the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy in Nelson on March 14th, 1959. The
French mine completed the year without a single compensable accident. This commendable record had only been achieved once before in the history of the award. Coal
By Robert B. Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines
Labour and Employment.
  13 3
  13 7
Competition from Coal Produced outside British Columbia  137
Accidents in and around Coal Mines  137
Explosives  139
Machine-mined Coal  140
Safety Lamps  141
Electricity  141
Coal Dust  141
Diesel Locomotives  141
Millisecond Delay Detonators  142
Dangerous Occurrences  142
Bumps and Outbursts  142
Prosecutions  142
Supervision of Coal Mines  142
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials  143
Notes on Coal Mines—
Vancouver Island Inspection District  143
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District  147
East Kootenay Inspection District   148
Northern Inspection District   154
The gross output in short tons of the coal mines of the Province for 1958 was
882,962 tons, a decrease of 338,804 tons or 27.7 per cent from 1957. A total of
138,005 tons came from strip mines at Michel and Tent Mountain.
The Vancouver Island District produced 182,304 tons, a decrease of 17,901 tons
or 8.9 per cent from 1957.
The Northern District production was 8,327 tons, an increase of 178 tons or 2.2
per cent over 1957.
The Nicola-Princeton District production was 689 tons, a decrease of 18,088 tons
or 96.4 per cent from 1957.
The East Kootenay District production was 691,642 tons, a decrease of 302,993
tons or 30.6 per cent from 1957.
133 134
report of the minister of mines, 1958
Output and per Capita Production, 1958
Colliery and Mine
of Employees
per Employee
per Employee
of Employees
Chambers No. 5 mine  	
Lewis mine (Timberlands)-— -
Carruthers and Wakelam No. 3__
Stronach No. 2 mine 	
Big Flame mine 	
Princeton Blue Flame No. 3	
Coldwater mine  	
Reschke mine -   .
Gething mine No. 3  —
Elk River Colliery1-	
Michel Colliery (underground) —
1 Mine closed January 31st, 1958.
District Output and per Capita Production, Underground Mines, 1958
Gross Output
Mined during
Year (Tons)
Total Number
of Employees
at Producing
Yearly Output
per Employee
Number of
Men Employed
in Producing
Yearly Output
i Elk River production excluded as mine closed January 31st, 1958.
Output per Man-shift, Underground Mines, 1949-58
Average per
3 05
1951                       ...             - -	
1952            —
1953              -	
1955 ,.    	
3 57
3 56
1 Includes both surface and underground workers.  136
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The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd _	
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co. Ltd	
Elk River	
The following two tables classify the fatal accidents in coal mines as to cause and
quantity of coal per accident:—
Fatal Accidents Classified as to Cause
Per Cent
Per Cent
50 00
50 00
I                      1           0
100 00
Fatal Accidents, Underground Mines, Classified as to
Quantity of Coal Mined
of Fatal
Coal Mined
per Fatal
of Fatal
Coal Mined
per Fatal
Rolling rock or coal - -	
1           1         472.974
Note.—There were no fatal accidents in strip-mining operations during 1958.
Ratio of Fatal Accidents, Underground Mines
Accident Death Rate
Per 1,000 Persons
Per 1,000,000 Tons of
Coal Mined
Province, 1958         _ - -    	
There were 168 accidents involving loss of seven days or more reported to the
Department by the management of the various mines. All these accidents were investigated and reported on by the District Inspectors of Mines.
The following three tables classify the accidents in coal mines in 1958 as to occupation of the men involved, as to cause, and as to injury. COAL
Accidents Classified as to Occupation
Miners      - - -—   -
Number of
of Accidents
Drillers and facemen
Haulage and conveyor men	
Trackmen and mechanics
Supervisors __	
Coal-cutters          -
Miscellaneous _	
Shops                  - - —-  ■     -
Preparation and coke-ovens	
_  168
Totals .
Accidents Classified as to Cause
Number of Percentage
Cause                                                                                                 Accidents of Accidents
Fall of ground     31 18.45
Fall of material and flying material     11 6.55
Lifting and handling equipment and material     49 29.17
Machinery and tools      33 19.64
Slipped and tripped     28 16.67
Falling off staging and platforms       8 4.76
Miscellaneous        8 4.76
Totals  168 100.00
Accidents Classified as to Injury
Number of Percentage
Injury                                                                                                Accidents of Accidents
Head and neck       8 4.76
Eyes       2 1.19
Trunk     33 19.64
Back     28 16.67
Arms       4 2.38
Hands and fingers      40 23.81
Legs     38 22.62
Feet       8 4.76
Toes _       7 4.17
Totals  168 100.00
The following table shows the quantity of explosives used in underground coal
mines in 1958, together with the number of shots fired, tons of coal produced per pound
of explosives used, and the average number of pounds of explosives per shot fired (these  COAL 141
There were 905 safety lamps in use in the mines of the Province. Of this number,
seventy-nine were flame safety and 826 were approved electric lamps, mostly of the
Edison type.
Approved Safety Lamps—Electric and Flame
The following is a list of approved safety lamps, electric and flame:—
The Wolf lamp, flame type.
The Koehler lamp, flame type.
The Edison electric lamp (cap) under Approval No. 18 of the United States
Bureau of Mines, and all Edison lamps up to and including Model P,
carrying the Approval Certificate No. 26 of the United States Bureau of
Mines, Model R-4, Approval No. 29.
The Wheat electric lamp and having Approval No. 20, as issued by the United
States Bureau of Mines.
The Wolf electric lamp, No. 830C.
The electric lamp manufactured by the Portable Lamp and Equipment Company, under Approval No. 27 of the United States Bureau of Mines.
M.S.A. single-cell trip lamp, carrying United States Bureau of Mines Approval
No. 1009, approved for use on haulage trips in mines.
The Davis M.L. model pneumatic electric lamp.
Electricity is used for various purposes on the surface and underground at three
collieries. A total of 12,247 horsepower was used in and about these mines. Detailed
information as to how and where this power was used is given in the report of the Senior
Electrical Inspector of Mines.
The provisions of the "Coal-mines Regulation Act," section 65, General Rule 19,
require that an inspection committee of workmen shall inspect the mine regularly on
behalf of the workmen and make a true report of the conditions found. In all the larger
mines of the Province this rule is fully observed, and copies of the report are sent to the
Inspectors for the district. The work of these committees is valuable and assists in
furthering the interests of safety at the various mines.
The danger of accumulations of coal dust on the roadways and in the working-
places is fully realized and as a rule the regulations regarding the control of coal dust are
adequately carried out. Large quantities of limestone dust are used continually in the
larger mines to combat this hazard. It is used in the roadways, working-places, and for
the tamping of shots.
Dust samples are taken regularly from roof, sides, and floor of mine roadways and
analysed. The reports of the analyses are forwarded to the District Inspector each
Early in August, 1950, the first diesel underground locomotive to be used in any
mine in British Columbia made its trial runs in No. 9 mine, Elk River Colliery, The
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited. 142 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
The locomotive is a 15-ton 100-horsepower model and is fully permissible for use
in coal mines. Two 75-horsepower diesel locomotives were purchased in 1956 for use
in hauling the output from the "A" North mine to the tipple at the Michel Colliery.
In February, 1951, an amendment to the "Coal-mines Regulation Act" was
passed to allow, with the permission of the Chief Inspector of Mines, more than one
shot to be fired at a time in any coal mine or district of a mine. For further details see
1954 Annual Report.
On February 12th, 1958, while drilling to complete a round of holes for brushing
at the face of No. 2 level, "A" North mine, Michel Colliery, a miner decided to deepen
one of the holes that had been drilled by the cross-shift. As soon as he started to drill
an explosion occurred which seriously injured the miner.
Subsequent investigation brought out the fact that one of the cross-shift miners had
put one stick of rock-powder into the hole and had not reported the matter.
On November 3rd, 1958, a fire occurred in the No. 2 compressor motor at the
Tsable River mine when the closed-circuit rings of the Amortisseur windings burned
through in several places and ignited oil and dirt on the stator coils. Damage was
confined to the motor.
On January 31st, 1958, a severe bump occurred in No. 8 split roadway of No. 12
room, No. 3 Slope district, " B " South mine, Michel Colliery. Two miners working in
the place were severely shaken and bruised and approximately 90 feet of the floor was
heaved about 2 feet. The large quantity of methane gas which was liberated from the
coal affected the whole district, necessitating the withdrawal of all the men.
On December 9th, 1958, a bump occurred on the No. 3 haulage slope, " B " South
mine, Michel Colliery, which caused considerable damage to the floor and track of the
slope. Approximately 90 feet of track was heaved, and the displacement ranged from
3 feet in the centre to zero at both ends. No damage was caused to the roof or timber
support.   No one was injured.
On December 19th, 1958, a bump occurred on No. 3 haulage slope, "B " South
mine, Michel Colliery, that disturbed several sets of timber supports and caused several
small caves. Approximately 50 feet of the roadway was affected. The location of the
bump was immediately outby the one that occurred on December 9th, 1958. The floor
of the area was only slightly affected and no one was injured.
Cecil Gareau, miner, Michel Colliery, was prosecuted on February 14th, 1958,
under Rule 112 of The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company's " Special Rules " for subjecting a fellow workman to danger not necessary in the course of his occupation. He was
fined $30 and $5 costs.
During 1958 eighteen companies operated twenty-three mines, employing 826
men underground. In the supervision of underground employees there were 3 managers,
8 overmen, 3 shiftbosses, and 53 firebosses, or approximately 1 official for every 12
men. COAL 143
First-, Second-, and Third-class Certificates and Mine
Surveyors' Certificates
The Board of Examiners, formed on July 10th, 1919, consists at present of R. B.
Bonar, Deputy Chief Inspector of Mines, chairman and secretary; A. R. C. James,
Inspector of Mines, member;  and D. R. Morgan, Inspector of Mines, member.
The meetings of the Board are held in the office of the Department of Mines in
Victoria.    The examinations are held at least once a year and more often if necessary.
All officials, before engaging in multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators,
are required to obtain a permit to do so from the Board of Examiners (Coal-mine
Officials). This permit is issued only after the applicant has successfully passed oral
and practical examinations in such work.
In addition to the examinations and certificates already specified as coming under
the Board of Examiners, the Act provides that every coal-miner shall be the holder of
a certificate of competency as such. Examinations are held as circumstances warrant
in coal-mining districts, and no certificate is granted where the candidate has failed to
satisfy the Board as to his fitness, experience in a coal mine, and a general working
knowledge of the English language.
During 1958 there were fourteen candidates for coal-miners' certificates. In addition to the certificates granted above, substitute certificates were issued to those who
had lost their original certificates. Permits to act as coal-miners, as provided by the
Act, have been granted to younger men by Inspectors in their respective districts. This
method allows promising men with less than one year's experience underground to work
at the coal face as miners under the guidance of an experienced miner.
The Board of Examiners desires to thank the different coal-mining companies for
the use of their premises for holding examinations where necessary.
By R. B. Bonar
The gross output of coal from the Vancouver Island Inspection District was
182,304 tons, a decrease of 17,901 tons or 8.9 per cent from the 1957 output. Only
one large coal mine, the Tsable River mine, is now in production on the Island.
Operations in the once important Nanaimo coalfield are now restricted to nine very
small mines, providing employment for no more than twenty-one men. These mines
operate in outcrop, pillars, and barriers left during earlier working.
The Island coal-mining industry has suffered a rapid decline in the past few years.
Production has declined by as much as 60 per cent since 1951. This condition has
resulted from loss of markets due to competition from other fuels, high costs of
production, and from the depletion of reserves in the Nanaimo coalfield.
In 1958 there were no accidents classified as serious, although fifty-three minor
accidents were reported and investigated. There was one dangerous occurrence reported
from the mines of the Island—a fire that occurred in one of the compressor motors at
the Tsable River mine.   The incident is reported fully under " Dangerous Occurrences."
The annual mine-rescue and first-aid meet organized by the Vancouver Island Mine
Safety Association was held at Cumberland on Saturday, May 31st. Two teams from
Tsable River mine and a visiting team from the Western Nickel mine participated in   146 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Comox  (49°  124° N.W.)
Head office, 566 Hornby Street, Vancouver. F. Ronald Graham,
Canadian Collieries chairman of the board; N. R. Whittall, president; E. O. T.
Resources Limited Simpson, vice-president, mining; W. W. Johnstone, district superintendent.
Tsable River Mine.—S. J. Lawrence, manager; T. Ecclestone, overman; L.
Cooper, A. Cullen, and A. Somerville, shiftbosses; W. Bennie, J. Cochrane, M.
Frobisher, W. High, L. Hutchinson, C. Lewis, G. Nicholas, J. Thomson, and A. Maxwell,
firebosses; S. Gough, surface foreman.
The layout and method of operating this mine are fully described in the 1954
Annual Report. In 1958 production came from the extraction of pillars formed by
earlier development in the seam and from development work in the northeast section
beyond the second fault system. This latter section, which was penetrated by an
inclined rock tunnel near the end of 1955, is being rapidly expanded in spite of difficulties
encountered, such as local thinning of the seam and seam faulting.
The haulage slope of No. 1 slope in this section is still being advanced in virgin
territory, and the seam at the face of the slope is of normal height and clean. The
immediate roof, especially in the lower area of the section, has not improved and consists
of thinly bedded sandstone which contains numerous slips and joints and requiries
closer timbering than is usual. The rock tunnel started to the rise off No. 10 level
parting to connect with the slope workings in this section intersected the coal beyond the
fault, but at the end of the year had not been converted to the main haulage incline for
the district as was the original intention.
The extraction of pillars in the Nos. 6 Right, 8 Right, and 10 Right sections of the
main diagonal slope is proceeding methodically and rapidly.
All the coal, both in development and pillar-extraction areas, is blasted off the
solid. Electrical multiple blasting with millisecond delay detonators is used throughout
the mine. Totals of 88,550 pounds of Monobel No. 4 and CXL-ite explosives and
121,225 detonators were used during the year.
Total production in 1958 amounted to 178,366 gross tons over a working period
of 233 days, with a crew averaging 241 men underground and eighty-eight on the surface.
Conditions at the mine were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of inspections.
First-aid arrangements have been maintained at a satisfactory standard. A suitably
equipped first-aid room is provided on the surface, and an ambulance is held in readiness for emergencies. Five employees hold industrial first-aid certificates, and twenty-
four employees hold other first-aid certificates. Two mine-rescue teams of six men each
are maintained, and these attend periodic practices at the Cumberland mine-rescue
Forty-six accidents at or in the mine were reported and investigated, none of which
were classed as serious. This mine won the Ryan Trophy, emblematic of having the
lowest accident record in a British Columbia coal mine, in 1956 and 1957, and has
again won the award for 1958. This very excellent record is due to the maintaining of
the intensified safety programme put into effect by the management and ably assisted
and advised by the director of the Safety Division of the British Columbia Mining
Regular inspections of the mine were made each month by the inspection committee
appointed by the workmen, and copies of its reports were forwarded to the office of the
District Inspector through the courtesy of the committee. COAL
By A. R. C. James
Coal production in 1958 in the Nicola-Princeton district was only 689 tons—an
industry which once gave employment to a considerable numbers of men in the district
has now almost entirely dwindled away due to lack of markets. Operations were
restricted to two very small mines working in pillars and small areas of coal close to the
outcrops. The Coldwater mine at Merritt continued to be operated on a small scale
and produced coal for local domestic use. The Blue Flame mine near Princeton was
closed in January, but the fireboss and another employee reopened an old slope near by
and began production in December. Coal from this operation is sold to the Princeton
brewery. The Blue Flame property is on a Coal Lease 38, which was again renewed
in favour of the Wilson Mining Corporation.
Coal Licences Nos. 32, 69, 70, 71, 125, and 126 covering a total of 2,618 acres
near Blakeburn have been renewed in favour of Mullin's Strip Mine Ltd.
Coal Licence No. 11, covering 640 acres near Princeton, has been renewed in
favour of E. Hayes and B. Vittoni. Coal Licence No. 17, covering 320 acres near
Coalmont, has been renewed in favour of Collins Gulch Collieries Ltd. Coal Licence
No. 59, covering 80.9 acres near Grindrod, has been renewed in favour of Edward
Pechr.   No activity of any importance was reported from any of these properties.
No accidents were reported from either of the coal mines in 1958 nor were there
any prosecutions under the " Coal-mines Regulation Act."
Merritt (50° 120° S.W.)
This property, 1 mile south of Merritt, is operated by the owners,
Coldwater Coal     S.  Gerrard and partners.    Fireboss   (on permit),  S.  Gerrard.
Mines Activities were again confined to the Coldwater No. 5 mine and
consisted of splitting pillars and extracting remnants of coal left
between the abandoned workings of the Middlesboro No. 5 mine and the surface, in
the area adjacent to and west of the old water-tank and about 250 feet west of the old
Middlesboro No. 4 mine. The seam is from 4 to 5 feet thick and includes two partings
consisting of 3 inches of bone and 1 inch of hard shale. The coal is blasted from the
solid and is hand-loaded into cars which are hauled to the surface by a small gasoline-
driven hoist. Total production in 1958 was 543 tons. The crew varied from two to
three men. Working conditions were usually found to be satisfactory in the course of
inspections.   No methane was detected.
Princeton (49° 120° S.W.)
Thomas Bryden, fireboss. The mine is about 10 miles by road
Blue Flame south of Princeton and about half a mile west of the Hope-
Colliery Princeton Highway.    The old slope was abandoned in January
after all available coal had been extracted. In August an old prospect tunnel about one-quarter of a mile east of the old slope, and in the same seam, was
reopened. This old tunnel extends 130 feet down dip on the seam and terminates alongside a northeasterly striking fault. The coal seam is from 6 to 7 feet thick, strikes eastward, and dips northward at 16 degrees. During the fall months a tipple was erected
at the portal, and equipment was transferred from the previous operation. A gasoline-
driven compressor and hoist were erected at the mine. Production began in December,
the total production for the year being 132 tons. The coal is crushed to stoker size and
is mainly sold to the Princeton brewery. Two men were employed. Working conditions
were found to be generally satisfactory and no methane was detected. 148 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
By D. R. Morgan
Coal-mining activities in the East Kootenay Inspection District were considerably
restricted during 1958 owing to shortage of markets for coal. This resulted in irregular
operation, closure of one of the collieries, and a decline in production. Two companies
were in operation and produced 691,642 tons of coal, a decrease of 302,993 tons or 30.6
per cent less than was produced in 1957. Most of the production, totalling 660,498
tons, was obtained from the mines of The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited.
This was 223,994 tons or 25.3 per cent less than in 1957. The company operated collieries at Michel and Coal Creek at the commencement of the year, but the Elk River
Colliery at Coal Creek was closed in January, and since that time company activities
have been confined to the Michel Colliery. The remainder of the production was obtained by Coleman Collieries Limited, which operates a large strip mine on both sides
of the interprovincial boundary on Tent Mountain, near Corbin. This company produced
31,144 tons from the British Columbia side in 1958, a decrease of 78,999 tons or 71.7
per cent less than was produced from the same operation in 1957.
The accident record showed an improvement in both frequency and severity rates,
and it is very pleasing to report that there were no fatal accidents in the district in 1958.
Four serious accidents, each involving a fractured limb, were reported from the Michel
Colliery, three of which occurred underground and the other on the surface. This was
two serious accidents less than were reported from the colliery in 1957. Minor accidents
resulting in the loss of one or more days from work totalled 152, of which 124 occurred
underground and twenty-eight on the surface. This number was twenty-four less than
in 1957. Five minor accidents were reported from the Elk River Colliery prior to its
closure. No accidents were reported from the British Columbia side of the stripping
operation on Tent Mountain. Four dangerous occurrences were investigated at Michel
Colliery, one of which led to the prosecution of one of the workmen concerned. These
incidents are reported more fully in another part of the report under the heading " Dangerous Occurrences."
The thirty-seventh annual competition of the East Kootenay Mine Safety Association was held at Chapman Camp on June 21st, and the various contests were well attended. Four teams representing Fernie, Michel, and Kimberley entered the mine-rescue
contest, and the British Columbia Department of Mines shield was won by the Fernie
team, captained by Albert Littler. There were 135 entries in the first-aid contests, and
the Rotary shield and the British Columbia Department of Mines cup were won by the
Sullivan concentrator team, captained by A. Nixon. Winners of both these competitions
represented the East Kootenay District at the Provincial competition held at Victoria on
June 28th.
T. G. Ewart, president, Fernie;  Thomas Balmer, vice-president,
The Crow's Nest     305  Great Northern Railway Building, Seattle, Wash.;   James
Pass Coal Company   Littler, general superintendent, Fernie; W. R. Prentice, secretary,
Limited Fernie;  R. A. Colleaux, treasurer, Fernie.    This company owns
extensive coal properties in the Crowsnest Pass area and has conducted large-scale coal-mining operations in the district since 1897. Present operations
are confined to the Michel Colliery and include both underground and open-cast mining,
and are directed from a head office in Fernie. Most of the production is sold on the
industrial market and a large amount of the fines is used for coke-making and briquetting.
A short description of the operations follows.
Michel Colliery.—(49° 114° N.W.) William Chapman, manager; Irving Morgan, senior overman; Walter McKay, safety supervisor; William Gregory, afternoon-
shift overman.   COAL
Upper "A " South Mine.—Vans S. Hulbert, overman; Arnold Webster and James
E. Anderson, firebosses.
This is a new operation that was commenced in October, 1956, and is being driven
to develop another mine in the "A" seam on the Sparwood limb of the Michel syncline.
It is entered on the right side of the rock tunnels, and up to the present comprises only
two inclines which are being driven toward the seam for later development of a large
area of virgin coal left between the old "A" South mine workings and the outcrop. The
two inclines have been driven up the full pitch of the underlying No. 1 seam, and after
reaching a distance of 1,200 feet both have been continued as rock raises at a steeper
grade to meet the "A" seam. Descriptions of No. 1 seam and the rock raises are included
in the 1957 Annual Report.
Most of the activities in 1958 were confined to driving the rock raises and regrading
several portions of the two inclines for the installation of track and conveyors. Operations for the greater part of the year were on a single-shift basis and a crew of sixteen
men was employed.
The rock raise on No. 1 incline reached the footwall of the "A" seam at the end
of November, and indications are that the seam is 26 feet thick at this point. It is
intended to continue the roadway at its present grade until it reaches the hangingwall
of the seam. The face of No. 2 incline is still in rock but is expected to reach the seam
in the near future. Both inclines are now at a point where it will be possible to develop
workings at a safe distance from the old "A" South mine workings.
Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections.
Nearly all the equipment is electrically driven and is of the permissible type. The mine
is ventilated by the old No. 3 seam fan, which also ventilates the "A" West mine workings and which was found to be sufficient for the requirements of the workings.
"A " North Mine. — John Whittaker, overman; Sidney Hughes, Henry Eberts,
Thomas Slee, Ronald Saad, and Michael Tymchuk, firebosses.
This mine, in "A" seam, is operated on the north side of the Michel valley, approximately half a mile east of the colliery preparation plant. It has been in operation since
1951, but up to the present activity has been confined to development work. The mine
is developed by the room-and-pillar system and is expected to become a large operation.
Entry into the mine is provided by four main levels which have been driven from the
outcrop and follow the strike of the seam.
The seam is 12 feet thick where normal but is very irregular and faulty. It is of
good quality and dips at an angle of 15 to 20 degrees in a southerly direction. The roof
is weak. Most of the coal at the working-places is mined with pneumatic picks or is
blasted from the solid with millisecond delay detonators. It is loaded by hand onto
shaker or chain conveyors and transported to various loading points along the levels,
where it is loaded into 10-ton-capacity bottom-dumping cars and taken from the mine
by battery or diesel locomotives. The two bottom main levels are more highly mechanized, one being advanced by a new type of continuous miner, which is being tested for
the Canadian Ingersoll-Rand Company, and the other by a coal-cutter and mechanical
loader. All the production of the mine is brought to the preparation plant by trucks,
which are loaded from bins at two of the mine portals.
The production of coal from the mine in 1958 was 360 tons a day with a crew of
sixty-seven men. Most of the operations were directed to the lower part of the mine,
where the development levels, No. 0 and No. 1, are not sufficiently advanced to serve
the remainder of the mine workings. These two levels were advanced 1,200 feet despite
a great deal of difficulty encountered due to thinning of the seam in places, and due to
the presence of small faults. The faces of the No. 2 and No. 3 levels in the upper part
of the mine were idle for most of the year, and activities in this area were directed to the
development of a large panel of workings above the levels.   The panel, when completed, 152 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
will be 800 feet long and 2,000 feet wide. It is entered by two inclines which have been
driven across the pitch of the seam. The inclines advanced 1,150 feet during 1958.
Conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the course of inspections.
The roadways were kept in good condition, and there was very little sign of subsidence
taking place. Most of the equipment at the mine is operated by electricity and is of the
permissible type. Compressed air, which is mainly used for operating the pneumatic
picks, is supplied by three portable electric compressors located inside the mine on the
main intake airway.
The mine is ventilated by an axivane fan which delivers 90,000 cubic feet of air
per minute to the workings at a 1.6-inch water-gauge. Small auxiliary fans capable of
producing 5,000 cubic feet per minute are used for ventilating the faces of the main
levels inby the last cross-cuts, and narrow headings. This volume of air was found to be
sufficient to meet the requirements of the mine.
"B" South Mine.—William Davey, overman; John Krall, Robert Doratty, and
Eric Singleton, firebosses.
This mine is operated in the " B " seam, on the western limb of the Michel syncline,
and on the left of the rock tunnels. The seam is 5>Vi feet thick, dips 30 degrees in an
easterly direction, and is overlain by a strong sandstone roof. The coal is of excellent
quality, friable, and gassy. It is mined with pneumatic picks, and no shot-firing is allowed.
The mine is one of the oldest operations at the colliery and for many years was the
major producer. Extensive extraction over a period of years, however, has reduced the
size of the operation considerably, and present activities are restricted mainly to a comparatively small area of workings known as the No. 3 Slope district. This district is on
the dip side of the main south level, and most of the workings have been developed to
the inby side of the old No. 1 Slope district. They are entered by a pair of slopes which
have been driven across the pitch of the seam, and most of the workings are on the south
side of the slopes. Rooms are driven along the strike of the seam, and the pillars are
extracted by a modified shortwall system from between the rooms. All the coal at the
working-places is loaded by hand onto shaker and chain conveyors, and transported to
a common loading point in the No. 8 room where it is loaded into cars; the cars are
hauled to the main south level by compressed-air hoist. All the equipment is operated
by compressed air, with the exception of two electric pumps which are used for pumping
water from the slopes.
The mine had an average daily output of 420 tons of coal during 1958 with a crew
of eighty-five men. Most of the production was obtained from the lower section of the
slope district, and the remainder by the extraction of small pillars left from previous
workings, scattered at various points in the mine. The coal reserves in the slope district
are nearing depletion, and the line of pillar extraction is rapidly converging upon the
main haulage slopes. This is causing excessive pressures on the roadside pillars, and
considerable difficulties were experienced in 1958 in maintaining sufficient height on the
roadways for the conveyors and haulage. Two severe bumps occurred on the main
haulage slope above No. 8 room in December (as reported under " Dangerous Occurrences "), and it was decided to abandon the workings below this point.
Conditions in general were found to be fairly good during the course of inspections,
with the exception of the restricted clearance just mentioned. Some difficulty was experienced at times in directing a sufficient quantity of air to the faces of the working-places
in the lower section of the slope district, but the difficulty was usually overcome by installing small auxiliary fans to boost the ventilation to the faces or by rearranging the brattice partitions.
The mine is ventilated by an axivane fan which delivers 75,000 cubic feet of air
per minute to the workings at a 4.3-inch water-gauge.    Of this quantity, 46,000 cubic     INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT 157
Equipment Horsepower
Hoists       6,530
Scraper hoists       5,815
Ventilating fans        4,289
Pumps       5,457
Rectifiers and M.G. sets       8,267
Air compressors   19,626
Crushing equipment       7,921
Sink float  570
Milling and concentrating equipment  36,542
Workshops        2,299
Miscellaneous  10,553
Total   107,869
On surface and underground haulage systems there were in use 131 battery locomotives, 96 trolley locomotives, and 13 diesel locomotives.
Placer Mines
Electric power was used at three placer mines.    The generating capacity was as
follows:  Diesel-engine-driven generators, 652 kva.
The connected load was as follows:—
Trommel screens   90
Jigs  5
Conveyors   25
Pumps  100
Compressors   15
Miscellaneous  59
Total  294
Non-metallic Mines and Quarries
Electric power was used at two non-metallic mines, one non-metallic mill, and eight
Coal Mines
Operations at one colliery were terminated in January, 1958, and the use of electric
power at one small colliery was discontinued, reducing the number of collieries using
electric power to three.
The distribution of electric power was as follows:—
Surface Horsepower
Compressed air  4,440
Ventilation      630
Hoisting       545
Haulage        15
Coal washing and screening  2,561
Pumping       215
Briquetting      642
Coke production  1,180
Miscellaneous      599
Total  10,827 158 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1958
Underground  Horsepower
Ventilation   40
Hoisting   60
Haulage  80
Pumping  250
Coal-cutters  175
Conveyors  612
Compressed air  200
Miscellaneous  3
Total     1,420
Total for surface and underground  12,247
The closing-down of Elk River Colliery caused a decrease of 3,535 horsepower in
the above totals. This decrease would have been greater had not some of the equipment
from Elk River Colliery been put into use at Michel Colliery.
Four permissible battery locomotives and three permissible diesel locomotives were
in use underground.
Well Drilling Rigs
Forty-four drilling rigs were operated in 1958. One hundred and twelve wells were
operated during the year, and of these eighty-nine were completed.
In 1958 operations at the following enumerated mines were suspended for an
indefinite period: Granduc, Emerald Tungsten, Dodger, Highlander, Spider, B.C. Nickel,
and Britannia. Operations at the Silver Standard mine were terminated and the equipment was moved off the property.
The Silver Giant mill was reopened to recover barite from the tailings. A mill was
built at the Bedwell River Gold mine.
The following is a brief outline of electrical installations which were made at
operating mines in 1958.
Bridge River (50° 122° N.W.)
Four 25-horsepower motors driving ventilation fans were installed
Bralorne (Bralorne  on the 2600 level at the cooling radiators.   An air compressor
Mines Limited)     driven by a 100-horsepower motor was installed at the 800 level
shaft station to boost the air pressure by 20 pounds.  The 150-kva.
transformer station which was at the 200 level Empire shaft station was rebuilt adjacent
to the 200 level portal.   New switch-gear was installed to replace the old.   This station
supplies the Empire shaft equipment, the 200 level exhaust fan, the framing-shed motors,
and the air-compressor motor at Bradian.
An air compressor driven by a 300-horsepower motor was installed on the surface
and a new lamp-house was built at the Bralorne mine portal.
A new Woods 19-inch 2-stage ventilation fan driven by a 440-volt
Pioneer (Pioneer    3,450-r.p.m. 11V2-horsepower motor was installed on the 29 level
Gold Mines of B.C. to ventilate the 29-16 crosscut.    Magnetic proximity shaft-limit
Limited) switches were installed in No. 2 and No. 3 shafts.   These switches
have no exposed moving parts and therefore cannot seize up
because of dust or corrosion. INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
The new Pioneer substation was completed early in the year and put into service.
The domestic power and fighting distribution system was sold to the British Columbia
Electric Company Limited. This sale necessitated several alterations to the Pioneer
primary-power distribution-lines.
Two Orelikon fully automatic voltage regulators were installed at the Pioneer No. 1
power plant.
(49° 120° S.E.)    A scraper hoist driven by a 10-horsepower
French (French     motor was installed in the 3916 stope and a pump driven by an
Mines Ltd.) 8-horsepower motor was installed in the Cariboo level.   A danger
ous occurrence took place on November 18th when the mill
mechanic and crusherman, while examining a defective crusher-motor magnetic starter,
attempted to close it with the door open and the power on. An electric arc occurred
which caused flash burns to the eyes of both men. Instructions were issued which
prohibit the closing of any switch until the door is closed and secured.
(49° 118° S.W.)    During 1958 construction work was continued
Phoenix Copper    on a reduced scale to prepare the Phoenix operation for production
Company Limited   at some future date.    A  1,500-c.f.m. compressor driven by a
2,200-volt 240-horsepower motor and a 1,000-c.f.m. compressor
driven by a 440-volt 150-horsepower motor were installed in the compressor building.
In the crusher building three 2,200-volt crusher motors totalling 500 horsepower
and ten 440-volt motors totalling 50 horsepower were installed and the lighting-circuit
wiring was completed.
In the mill twenty 440-volt motors totalling 175 horsepower were installed, and the
2,200-volt ball-mill motors were set in place but were not connected. The lighting-
circuit wiring was three-quarters completed.
Jersey, Emerald,
and Dodger(Cana
dian Exploration
(49° 117° S.E.) The tungsten mines were closed in August and
all equipment, with the exception of the hoist in the Emerald shaft,
was removed. The tungsten mill was left in operating condition.
Five substations in the Jersey mine were rebuilt and put in service,
and several cables were rerouted and connected to serve substations
in the Jersey mine. A 60-horsepower fan and a 50-horsepower
Three new scraper hoists were installed, bringing the total in oper-
fan were relocated,
ation to seventeen.
A S^-ton Mancha locomotive is being converted for diesel-electric drive. A similar
locomotive converted in 1957 has given satisfactory service.
A dangerous occurrence took place in the Dodger 4200 mine on June 7th, as
The electrical foreman detailed two electricians to disconnect an oil switch in
substation 420 while he and two electricians went to substation 47-J-42 to cut off the
power and disconnect a transformer. When the transformer was disconnected, the electricians informed the foreman that he could close the switch to return power to the line.
This he did, forgetting that in so doing he was energizing the feeder to substation 420.
Fortunately, the cables to the oil switch in substation 420 had been disconnected and
were lying on the floor with the ends touching. A severe arc occurred but no one was
injured. A special rule was written by the management which prohibits working on
equipment unless the person working on the equipment has locked the switch controlling
the circuit to that equipment in the " open " position.  INSPECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
Vancouver Island
Benson (Elk) Lake (50° 127° S.E.)
A dynamic braking system was installed on the hoist to permit more
Empire Develop-    effective control of the wound-rotor induction motor than was pos-
ment Company     sible with regenerative braking.  To ensure that dynamic braking
Limited would be available when the power was off, a bank of wet batteries
was installed to provide excitation.   Previous to the installation of
dynamic braking a runaway occurred which ruined the hoisting-cable.
At the time of the incident the generators were tripped off the line inadvertently,
either by reverse current from the power generated by the hoist motor or by some other
cause. This would leave the motor without excitation current, and since it would then
produce no power, the hoist would run uncontrolled until the brakes were applied.
Unfortunately, at the time of the incident the automatic brake was dismantled for repairs
and stopping of the hoist depended entirely on the operating brakes which are controlled
hydraulically and are assisted by weights when applied. When the power was off the
weights alone did not apply the brakes with sufficient pressure to effect a quick stop, and
the skips reached the ends of the incline with sufficient speed to shear the cable clamps
and allow the cable to slide down the incline and become very badly kinked, and was
Bedwell River (49° 125° S.W.)
This property was opened after being closed for sixteen years.   The
David, Jericho, and mill building was rebuilt and some of the old equipment was
Laddie Nos. 1, 2,    repaired.   New electrical wiring, switch-gear,  and motors were
installed.   Power for the mill is supplied by three Pelton wheels as
follows: A 36-inch Pelton wheel drives a 35-kva. 120-volt generator to supply all the electric power required.   A 24-inch Pelton
wheel drives the ball mill and an 18-inch Pelton wheel drives the
primary conveyors and crusher.   The remaining equipment is driven by electric motors
and is as follows:   Crusher to fine-ore bin conveyor, driven by a 5-horsepower motor;
classifier, driven by a 5-horsepower motor; four flotation cells and an amalgam barrel,
each driven by a 3-horsepower motor; fine-ore feeder, thickener, and vacuum pump, each
driven by a 2-horsepower motor;  filter and filtrate pump, driven by a VA -horsepower
motor; flotation feed pump and flotation concentrate pump, each driven by a 1-horsepower motor; and filtrate pump, driven by a Vi-horsepower motor.   In the sample-room
a 1-horsepower motor drives the crusher fan and pulverizer.
and 3 (Bedwell
River Gold Mines
The Noland mine on Spruce Creek and the Atlin Placers on Wright Creek were not
operated in 1958. Hixon Placers on Hixon Creek was operated. Allied Developers
commenced an operation on the Fraser River at Fountain, and Kumhila Exploration Co.
Ltd. commenced an operation on Williams Creek between Wells and Barkerville.
(50° 121° N.W.)    The equipment installed at this property con-
Fountain Placers   sists of a direct-connected 1,200-r.p.m. 75-kw. 60-cycle 240-volt
(Allied Developers 3-phase Palmer generator driven by an International diesel engine;
Ltd.) a trommel screen driven by a 15-horsepower induction motor; and
three Yuba jigs, two driven by 2-horsepower motors and the third
by a 1-horsepower motor.         170
Bear Creek Brick Company „
Beatrice, 50° 117° N.W	
Beatrice Mining Co. Ltd.	
Beaver, 50° 121° N.E	
Beaver Group, 50° 121° N.E.
Beaver Lodge Uranium Mines Limited     22
Beaverdell, 49° 119° S.E.      35
Beaverpass Creek, 53° 121° S.W., placer     78
Bedwell River, 49° 125° S.W  161
Bedwell River Gold Mines Limited     59
electrical installations  161
Bedwell Sound, 49° 125° S.W     59
Bel Group, 51° 119° S.W     72
Belair Mining Corporation Ltd.      34
Belchrome, 49° 119° S.E     34
Bellaclava Claims, 49° 119° S.E     64
Belle Aire, 49° 116° N.W     43
Bennie, W  146
Benson (Elk) Lake, 50° 127° S.E.   57
electrical installations  161
bentonite, production A 30
Bet Group, 51° 119° S.W     72
Bethlehem Copper Corporation Ltd.      21
Bethlehem Copper Property, 50°  120° S.W.    66
Bethsaida Copper, 50° 121° S.E     70
Bethsaida Copper Mines Limited     24
Bevister, T.      20
Big Flame mine, 49° 123° S.W  145
Big Ledge Group, 50° 118° N.E     66
Biggs, J. S     31
Biggs, John G., obituary  A   4
Bill Mineral Claim, 50° 120° S.W.  66, 67
Bill Mineral Claims, 50° 121° S.E     70
Billingsley, J. R    60
Birch Island, 51° 119° N.W     30
Bird, Nick      78
Bird Mineral Claims, 50° 119° N.E     66
Birkett Creek Mine Operators Ltd.      25
fatal accident  119
bismuth, production A 15, A 23, A 28
Black, J. C     46
Black, Robert     80
Black Diamond, 49° 116° N.W A 46
Black Warrior, 50° 117° N.E.      50
Blake, A. M     52
Blake, J. C     52
Blake, J. E     52
Blake, J. W     52
Blakey, K. B., Chief Gold Commissioner and
Chief Commissioner, Petroleum and Natural Gas A 2, A 49
Blaylock, 50° 117° S.E 43, 44
Bloomer, T. O.      82
Blubber Bay, 49° 124° N.W., limestone __    97
electrical installations  162
Blue, G. E., petroleum engineer A 57
Blue Bell, 50° 116° N.E     65
Blue-Belle Group, 56° 130° N.W     74
Blue Creek, 51° 122° S.W     15
Blue Flame Colliery,  Princeton,  49°   120°
S.W.    147
Blue Grouse, 48° 124° N.E A 44, 60
Blue River, 59° 129° S.W     75
Blue Star Mines Limited      44
Bluebell, 49° 116° N.W A 46, 41
electrical installations   160
Board of Arbitration  A 57
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials 143
Bob, 50° 120° N.W     22
Bob A-B Group, 48° 124° S.E.      61
Bobicki, A     81
Bonar, Robert B., Deputy Chief Inspector of
Mines A 54, A 55
reports by ...57-60, 89, 98, 133-143, 143-146
Bond, F  154
Bond, Reuben     98
Bonfield, Davis     39
Border Sand and Gravel Company      99
Bordula, A. L.      45
Boreas Mines Limited      82
Borup, Edward L.     44
Borup Group, 50° 120° N.E     67
Boulder Creek, 59° 133° S.W., placer     78
Boulder Mill Creek, 49° 117° S.E     39
Boulder Nest, 49° 124° N.W     57
Bounty Fraction, 49° 119° S.E.      36
Bounty Group, 49° 120° N.W     65
Boss Mountain, 52° 120° S.W     15
Bosun, 49° 117° N.E     47
Bralorne, 50° 122° N.W A 44,  17
electrical installations   158
Bralorne Mines Limited 11, 15, 158
Bray, F  100
Brenda Prospect, 49° 119° N.W.      64
Brett, Leonard   150
Brett Mineral Claims, 50°  119° N.E.      66
bricks, production A 15, A 25, A 32
Bridge, C. W.   102
Bridge River, 50° 121° N.W., placer     80
Bridon, 49° 119° S.E     34
briquette plant, Michel  153
Brisco, 50° 116° N.E., barite     84
Britannia, 49°  123° N.E.  A 44, 56
Britannia Beach, 49°   123° N.E., sand and
gravel  102
Britannia Mining and Smelting Co. Limited    56
British Columbia Cement Company Limited,
cement     88
electrical installations    162
limestone      98
British Columbia Electric Company Limited  111
British Columbia Mining Association, Safety
Division  131
British Columbia Power Commission  160
British Columbia Slate Co. Ltd.      87
Brodrick, H.    145
Bronlund, E.      11
Brossard, R. A 21, 28
Brown Group, 50° 120° S.W     69
Bruce, K.      89
Bruce, S. G  27
Bruce Group, 49° 118° S.E.      64
Bruch, Rex      81
Brummer, J. J. 24, 27
Brunswick, Nos. 5 and 8, 49° 121° S.W. ....    55
Bryant, A. E.        6
Bryant, J. W     11
Bryden, Thomas   147
Brynelsen, B. O.
27, 55
Buccaneer, 49° 125° S.W.  A 43
Buck Group, 50° 120° S.W     67
Buckham, T. R.      44
Buckland, J. H.      81
Buerk, J. E.   102
building-stone      86
production   A 15, A 25, A 32
Bulkley Valley Collieries Limited    154
bumps and outbursts, coal mines  142
Bunker Exploration Ltd.   53, 54
Burgess, A.      37
Burnaby, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel—  101
Burnaby, Corporation of the Municipality of 101  172
cobalt (see table)
Cochrane, J. 	
Coffee Creek, 49°
Coggan, A. D..
116° N.W.
. 165
..A 28
_ 146
_ 43
_    35
coke, production A 35
coke-making  137
Coldwater coal mines, 50° 120° S.W.  147
Colebrook Sand and Gravel Company Ltd. _ 100
Coleman Collieries Limited 148, 154
Colleaux, R. A  148
Collins Gulch Collieries Ltd.   147
Colthorp, P. E.      45
Columbia River, 51° 118° N.W., placer     81
Comfort, 49° 116° N.W     41
Comox, 49° 124° N.W.  146
Conn, George L.     21
Connell, F. M     83
Conrad A-D Group, 48° 124° S.E.      61
Conservation Committee A 58
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company
of Canada, Limited, The, A.M.     54
Bluebell    41
Fairview     3 2
H.B     39
J.B.      50
Key     52
Kootenay     42
Kootenian  ..._    42
Pico      52
Roscoe    50
Silver King
....    37
_    51
Vulcan     51
electric power, lode-metal mines  156
electrical installations  160
Oliver Silica Quarry  104
Construction Aggregates Ltd. —. 102
Continental M.B. Groups, 50° 120° N.E..
Conwest Exploration Company Limited
Cooper, J. A.	
Cooper, L.	
Copeland Creek, 51° 118° S.E	
copper, deposits (see table)   165
price A 8, A 13
production A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Copper Basin Groups A, B, and C, 49° 118
Copper Island Group, 54° 126° S.E.	
Copper Mountain, 49° 120° S.W. ...
Copperado Group, 50° 120
Copter Mineral Claims, 59°
Coquitlam, 49°  122° S.W.,
.    64
A 45
S.W     67
133° N.W     75
electrical instal-
sand and gravel 100,
Coquitlam, Corporation of the District of.....
Corrigan, Harry	
Cosburn, S. S., mineral engineer A 57
Courtenay, 49° 124° N.W  103
Covellite Group, 49° 120° S.W  65
Coveney, C. J  21
Cow, 50° 120° N.W  22
Cowboy, 50° 117° S.E  45
Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd.   60
Cowichan Copper Group, 48°  124° S.E, _ 61
Cowichan Lake, 48° 124° N.E  60
Cox, B. Franklin 88, 98
Craig, S. D  59
Craigmont, 50° 120° S.W.   25
Craigmont Mines Limited  25
Cranbrook, 49° 115° N.W., placer  82
Crater Lake Group, 49° 119° S.E.   65
Crawford, Thomas   79
Creston, 49° 116° S.W  50
sand and gravel  98
Cronin Babine A 43
Crowe-Swords, R.	
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited,
coke-making and briquetting ..
electrical installations	
Elk River Colliery	
Croydon Creek, 56° 125° S.W.
Cullen, A	
Cullinane, J. A.	
Cutler, Hiram	
Cytko, William	
D.M., 50° 120° N.W.      29
D.M. Group, 50° 120° N.E       67
D.W., 50° 121° N.E.
D.W. Group, 50° 120° N.W.
dangerous occurrences, coal mines
metal mines and quarries   123
Davey, William  152
David, 49° 125° S.W., electrical installations 161
Davidson, A. M.	
Davies Group, 56° 124° S.E. __
Davis, Dudley	
Day, T. J. 	
Deby, 51° 118° S.E	
Deeks-McBride Ltd., Bazan Bay
electrical installations  162
Deer Group, 49° 117° S.E     63
Deer Horn Mines Limited     30
Delano Creek, 58° 125° N.E     13
Delaware Claims, 49° 116° S.E     62
Dell Group, 56° 125° N.E     74
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys A 65
departmental work A 49
Derosa, E.    48
' N.E.
S.E. ..
Dewar Creek, 49° 116° N.E     51
de Yaeger, J.     35
diatomite, production A 15, A 24, A 30
diesel locomotives, coal mines  141
 22, 24
 A 39
 A 39
lode-gold mines ...  A 37
silver-lead-zinc mines A 38
paid, 1957 and 1958 A 36
paid yearly, 1917-1958 A 36
Dockrill, F. M  154
Doctor Creek, 50° 116° S.E     52
Dodger, 49° 117° S.E.  A 45, 38
electrical installations  159
Dip Group, 51° 119° S.W.
Discovery, 59° 133° N.W.
Ditmars, W. C	
Divide Group, 50° 121
Divide Lake, 50° 121°
dividends, coal mines _
copper mines
Doelle, H. E	
Dominion  Chromium
Property,   50°   121c
Dominion Creek, 59° 133°
Domino, 50° 120° S.W. ..
Domino No. 1 Group, 50° 120° S.W.
Don Claim, 48° 124° S.E	
Don Group, 50° 116° S.W	
Don Group, 50° 120° S.E. ...
... 67
... 61
... 65
... 67
Donald, J. B  41
Donelly, F  36
Doratty, Robert  152
Dorothy Group, 55° 125° S.E  73
Dorreen Group, 59° 129° S.E  75
Dot, 50° 121° S.E  27
Double B Group, 49° 117° S.E  63
Downie Creek, 53° 121° S.E  78
Doyle, N  39
drain-tile, production  A 15, A 25, A 32
Dries, 49° 115° N.W.   61
Drumheller, J. L.   45
Drybrough, J.   49
Dueck Building Supplies Ltd.   99
Dueck's Gravel Pit  99
Duncan, 48° 123° N.W., sand and gravel ___. 103
Dunmore Mines Ltd.   29
Dunn, A.  144
Dunsire, R. A  80
dust control and ventilation  125
Duthie, R. G.   25
E.D. Group, 50° 121° N.E  70
E.D. Mineral Claim, 50° 120° N.W  68
East Kootenay, 49° 114° S.W., electrical installations   163
East Kootenay Inspection District   148
British  Columbia  Department  of  Mines
shield   148
British  Columbia  Department  of  Mines
cup   148
East Sooke Copper, 48° 123° N.W  61
Eastwood, G. E. P., geologist A 55, A 56
Eberts, Henry  151
Ecclestone, T.  146
Eclipse, 50° 117° N.W. ...
Ecstall, 53° 129° N.W. _
 A 46, 49
Ecstall Mining Company Limited  7
Ecstall River, 54° 129° S.W  7
Ehlers, J  87
Eholt Copper Property, 49° 118° S.W  64
Eholt Group, 49° 118° S.E  64
Elderkin, Lawrence  100
Elderkin's Excavating Ltd.   100
electric power, coal mines  157
lode mines  156
non-metallic mines and quarries  157
placer mines  157
well drilling rigs  158
electricity, coal mines  141
Elizabeth, 51° 122° S.W A 44, 15
Elizabeth Group, 55° 125° S.E  73
Elk Group, 51° 119° S.W  72
Elk River Colliery, 49° 114° S.W. ....  153
electrical installations  163
Ellis Syndicate  48
Elsmere, 50° 117° N.E  50
Elsmore, A.  45
Elva No. 4 Mineral Claim, 52° 131° S.E     72
Emerald, 49° 117° S.E A45, 38
electrical installations  159
Emery, P. C    56
Emma, 49° 119° S.E     33
Empire Development Company Limited     57
dangerous occurrence  123
electrical installations   161
employment, coal mines A 41, 137
lode-metal mines A 48
mining industry A 41
Endersby, A.     38
Enemark, T  101
Enemark Construction Limited  101
Enterprise, 49° 117° N.E     47
Enterprise Creek, 49° 117° N.E 47, 48
Enterprise Placers      78
Erickson, E. A     38
Erickson, Nils        97
Erickson-Ashby Claims, 58° 133° N.E     75
Erie Creek, 49° 117° S.E     38
placer      81
Erin Group, 50° 116° N.E     66
Estella  A 45
Estella Group, 49° 115° N.W     61
Etna Group, 49° 115° S.W     61
Europa, 50° 116° N.E     66
Evans, Coleman & Johnson Bros. Ltd.    .103
Ewart, T. G.  148
examinations for assayers A 54
explosives, coal mines   139
lode mines and quarries           125
table  126
Extension, 49° 123° S.W.     144
Extension mine, 49° 123° S.W.        145
Eye, 50° 121° S.E       24
Eye Group, 50° 121° S.E     70
F.B. Claims, 50° 120° S.W	
FRM 1-8 Group, 50° 120° S.W.
Fair Fraction Mineral Claim, 49°
S.E.    65
Fairview, 49° 119° S.W A 45, 32
Fairview Amalgamated Gold Mines Limited    33
Fairview Group, 50° 121° N.E    71
Faith Group, 50° 121° N.E     71
Falcon Claims, 49° 117° S.E. ....    63
Fandora, 49° 125° S.W     59
Farr Lake, 50° 120° S.W     27
Farr Lake Property, 50° 120° S.W 27, 67
Farrell, Gordon 88, 98
Farris, D. F 21, 24
Farwest Mining Limited     22
Farwest Tungsten Copper Mines Limited    22
Fat Chance, 50° 120° N.E.
fatal accidents, lode mines, placer mines, and
quarries   118
Feeney, 49° 117° S.E	
Feeney Pit, 49° 117° S.E.
Fenwick-Wilson, B. A.
Ferguson, 50° 117° N.E...
 A 45, 38
 -—    34
Ferguson Creek, 50° 117° N.E.     50
Ferraro Gravel Pit  99
Fiddler Claims, 50° 120° S.W. 67
Fiddler Group, 50° 120° S.W     67
field work, British Columbia Department of
Mines  A56
Geological Survey of Canada A 65 174
first aid	
Fisher, Darrell	
Fisher, N.     78
Fisher Creek, 49° 115° N.W., placer     82
Fisher Maiden, 49° 117° N.E A 46, 48
fluorspar, production  A 30
flux, production A 15, A 24, A 30
Fly Group, 49° 115° N.W     61
Foghorn Mountain, 51° 119° N.W     30
Fording River Project, 50° 114° S.W     65
Forge Mountain, 50° 121° N.E     21
Fort Langley, 49° 122° S.E., clay and shale    88
Fort Reliance Minerals Limited      13
Fort Steele, 49°  115° N.W.      52
placer      82
Fort Steele Gold and Silver Mines Limited 52, 82
Fosbery, P. H. V     81
Foster, C. N.           99
Foster Bar, 50° 121° N.W., placer     80
Foster's Gravel Pit     99
Fourth of July, 50° 117° S.E     45
Fountain, 50° 121° N.W., placer     80
Fountain Placers, 50°   121° S.W., electrical
installations  161
Fountainview, 50° 121° N.W., placer     80
Four Mile Creek, 52° 121° N.E., placer „    79
Fournier, Lee      79
Foweraker, J. C 26, 27
Fox, G. D         38
Fran Group, 50° 120° N.W.      68
Frank Mineral Claim, 50° 120° S.W.   ..—66, 67
Frank Mineral Claims, 50° 121° S.E     70
Fraser River, 50° 121° N.W., placer     80
Fraser River Copper, 53° 121° N.W.      73
Fraser Valley Lime Supplies     96
Fred Group, 49°  116° N.W.      62
Freeman, Frank     79
French, 49° 120° S.E A45, 31
electrical installations   159
French Mines Ltd. 31, 159
Friday Creek, 49° 120° S.W     30
Fried, L.  46, 48
Frobisher, M.   146
fuel and electricity used in mines A 40
Fulton, H. B., assistant geologist A 57
Fyles, J. T., geologist A 55, A 56
report by 40-41
GM 1-8 Mineral Claims, 50° 120° S.W. _~ 66
GM 9-16 Mineral Claims, 50° 120° S.W. _    66
GPX Mineral Claims, 49° 117° S.E     63
Gabbro, 48° 124° S.E.      60
Gagen, G. S     79
Gagen Creek, 53° 122° S.E., placer     79
Gallo, J.        50
Gardener, L. R.      85
Garnett, W. E.      28
Geigerich, J. R.      51
Gem, 50° 120° S.W     28
Gem, 59° 126° S.E     75
Gem 1-38, 59° 130° N.E.      75
Gen (1-2) Mineral Claims, 56° 125° N.E... 74
Gen (6-11) Mineral Claims, 56° 125° N.E. 74
Geological Survey of Canada, field work —A 65
publications  A 66
Gerrard, S  147
Gertrude, 49° 115° N.W     52
Gething, L.   154
Gething, Q. F. (King)        154
Giant Mascot Mines Limited      85
Gibson, W. C.      85
Giesen, Fred William  78, 120
Gilbart, K. C, petroleum engineer A 57
Gilleland, H. B.        9
Gilley, J. C 87, 101
Gilley, J. H 87, 101
Gilley Bros. Limited      87
Maryhill Division  101
Gilmour, H.   145
Girou, Roger   150
Giselle Group, 50° 120° N.W     68
Glacier Creek, 50° 116° S.W     50
Glacier Gulch, 54° 127° N.E  -10, 11
Glen Mountain, 55° 127° S.W.        9
Glencairn Group, 49° 115° S.W     61
Glover, M. H. A., economist, Conservation
Committee  —A 58
Goat River, 49° 116° S.W.     50
gold, deposits (see table)   165
price A 8, A 13
production A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Gold Belt, 49° 117° S.E.  A 45
Gold Bridge, 50° 122° N.W., placer     80
Gold Coin, 49° 121° S.E. ... 55
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders A 50
office statistics, 1958  A 51
Gold Creek, 49° 117° S.E   48
Gold Dot Mining Company Limited, prosecutions   125
Gold Drop Group, 55° 129° N.W  73
Gold Flake, 49° 125° S.W  59
Gold Gozzan, 50° 120° S.W  28
Golden, 51° 116° S.W., silica  104
Golden Mining Division, prospecting  A 60
Goldsmith, G. A.  79
Goldstream River, 51° 118° N.W., placer _ 81
Goodenough, 49° 117° S.E  37
Gordon, G. A.   38
Gordon Creek Property, 50° 121° S.E.   27
Gordon Group, 56° 124° S.E.   74
Gorse, C. F.   52
Gough, S  146
Government Creek, 53° 122° S.W., placer „ 78
Gower, J. A 24, 27
Graham, F. Ronald  146
Graham, Philip  87
Graham Bousquet Gold Mines Limited  29
Grams, E.   119
Granby Consolidated Mining Smelting and
Power Company, Limited, The, limestone   97
Phoenix Copper   36
Pride of Emory   55
Granduc, 56° 130° S.W  6
Granduc Mines, Limited  6
Grandview, 49° 117° N.E.   44
Granite, 49° 117° N.E  44
Granite Falls, 49° 122° S.W., building-stone 87
granules, production A 15, A 24, A 30
Greene, W. H  100
Greenway, Austin K.  37
Greenwood Copper, 49° 118° S.W  64
Gregory, William  148
Grieve, J. B  81
Griffin, D. L., mineral engineer A 57 INDEX
Grouse Claims, 49° 117° S.E	
Grub Gulch, 53° 121° S.W., placer
grub-stake statistics	
grub-staking prospectors
Guichon Creek, 50° 120° S.W.
Guiguet, M.	
Gunn, Jack	
_ 63
.. 79
.A 59
A 58
.. 25
.. 14
..    78
Gunnysack Group, 53° 129° N.E.     73
Gunnysack Nos. 1 and 2, 53° 129° N.E       9
gypsum      89
production A 15, A 24, A 30
Gypsum Lime and Alabastine, Canada, Limited, Blubber Bay     97
electrical installations  162
H.B., 49° 117° S.E	
H.B. Nos. 2-7 Mineral Claims, 49° 117
H.P.H. Group, 50° 127° N.W. _.	
H.S. Group, 50° 121° N.E	
Hab Mineral Claims, 57° 131° S.E	
Hackey, P. O	
Hadgiss, J.	
Haile, Joseph J., instructor	
Hal Group, 49° 117° S.E	
Hall, E	
Hall Creek, 50° 117° N.E	
.A 45
Halley, J. Kenneth	
Hallgren, Sven	
Ham, A. M.	
Hamilton, R. E. 	
Haney, 49° 122° S.W., clay and shale .
Haney Brick and Tile Ltd.	
Hank, 50° 120° S.W. ...
Hansen, V.
A 55
. 47
Harbison-Walker Refractories Company _—
Harbledown Island, 50°   126° N.W., limestone  .	
Harbour Natural Resources Limited	
Hardscrabble Fraction, 49° 118° S.W	
Hargood, H. W	
Harris Creek, 50° 118° S.W., placer	
Harrison Group, 53° 127° S.E.	
Harrison Lake, 49° 121° N.W	
Haskins, R. E 88
Hat, 50° 120° N.W	
Hat Group, 50° 120° S.W	
Hatch Point, 48° 123° N.W	
Hayes, E.	
Haylmore, W.	
Hazelton, 55° 127° S.W. ...
Hazelton Group, 55° 127
Heap, M. O	
Heather Group, 50° 120°
Heba, 49° 116° N.W	
Hec North Group, 50° 120
S.W. .
Hec South Group, 50° 120° S.W	
Hecla Mining Company 40, 41
Hedley, M. S., Senior Geologist A 55, A 56
Hedley, 49° 120° S.E     31
electrical installations   159
Heli Mineral Claims, 59° 133° N.W     75
Hematite Group, 55° 129° S.W     73
Hemsworth, F. J.     21
Hera, 49° 116° N.W     45
Hewitt, 49° 117° N.E A 47, 48
High, W.   146
Highland-Bell, 49° 119° S.E A 44, 35
Highland-Bell Limited     35
Highland Sand and Gravel Company Limited 102
Highland Valley area     21
Highland Valley Mining Corporation Ltd     27
Highland Valley Property, 50° 120° S.W......    68
Highlander, 49° 116° N.W.  A 46, 43
Hill, Henry L., and Associates 6, 47, 85
Hill, Stan  120
Hillside, 49° 123° S.E., sand and gravel  102
Hillside Sand & Gravel Limited  102
Hill Top Group, 50° 120° N.E     68
Hind, John     79
Hixon Creek, 53° 122° S.W., placer     78
Hixon Placers Inc.....     78
Hladinec, W     81
Hobbs, A. W., solicitor, Board of Arbitration    A 57, A 58
Hodgson, W. L     32
Holland, Stuart S., geologist A 55, A 56
reports by 15-21, 53
Hong, W. M    78
Hooch Creek, 49° 117° S.E., placer     81
Hook Group, 49° 115° N.W     61
Hope, 49° 121° S.E     55
Hope-Summit Group, 49° 120° S.W	
Horn Silver, 49 ° 119° S.W. _. __A 45
Hornby, Harry
, 21
Hornby General Machinery Company	
Howe Sound, 49° 123° N.E	
Howe Sound Company (Britannia Division)
Hudson Bay Mountain, 54° 127° N.E. 	
Huestis, H. H 15
Hughes, E. R., Senior Inspector of Mines —A 55
Hughes, J. E., geologist A 55, A 56
Hughes, H. C, Chief Inspector of Mines ... A 55
Hughes, Sidney  151
Hulbert, Vans S   151
Humphrys, George   121
Hungerford, R. M     88
Hunstone, R. W     33
Hunt, J     44
Hurley River, 50° 122° N.W     17
placer     80
Hutchinson, L.   146
Hutchison, W. A     30
Huus, P. K., engineering assistant A 57
hydromagnesite, production A 30
Hyland Mountain, 54° 126° N.W     10 176
Idaho Mineral Claim, 49° 119° S.E     65
Ideal Cement Company Ltd.     96
Ikeda No. 7 Mineral Claim, 52° 131° S.E. _    72
Ilk, 49° 120° S.W     30
Illidge, T. W     15
Independence Group, 49° 120° N.W.      65
Indian Arm, 49° 122° S.W   101
Indian River Quarries Limited      87
indium, production  A 15, A 23, A 28
industrial minerals      83
production A 14, A 15, A 21, A 24, A 26, A 30
Ingram, W. L., petroleum engineer A 57
Inland Natural Gas Co. Ltd  111
Inspection Branch A 54
inspection committees, coal mines  141
inspection of electrical equipment and installations   156
Interior Contracting Company Limited ..104, 105
Intermountain Construction Ltd.     22
introduction A  7
Intruder Group, 49° 115° S.E.      62
Invermere, 50° 116° S.E., barite     86
iron, deposits (see table)   165
Iron Mountain, Merritt, 50° 120° S.W     28
Iron Mountain, Salmo, 49° 117° S.E.      38
iron ore, production A 15, A 23, A 28
iron oxides, production A 15, A 31
Isaacs, Arthur     96
Isaacs, John    96
Island Mountain mine, 53° 121° S.W     14
J Claims, 50° 120° S.W.
J.G., 50° 116° S.W	
J.S.S., 50° 120° S.W	
Jack Cewe Blacktop Ltd.
Jack of Clubs Lake, 53° 121° S.W., placer
Jack Group, 55° 127° S.W.
Jacko 4 and 9, 50° 120° N.E. ... 66
Jacko Fractions 6 and 10, 50° 120° N.E. __ 66
Jackpot Group, 49° 116° N.W  62
Jager, H. D. M  20
James, A. R. C, Inspector  A 55
reports by 21, 28-36, 80-81, 104, 147
James  Varden  Mineral  Claims,   55°   129°
S.W    73
Jan Group, 50° 120° N.E     70
Jan Mineral Claim, 50° 120° N.W     68
Jane Group, 56° 125° S.W     11
Jason Groups, 49° 115° S.E     61
Jason Group, 49° 115° S.E.      62
Jean Group, 50° 120° S.E     67
Jefferson  Lake  Petrochemicals   of  Canada
Ltd.  109
Jefferson Lake Sulphur Company  109
Jericho, 49°   125°  S.W., electrical installations   161
Jericho Mines Limited
Jernslet, E. N., field survey assistant  A 57
Jersey, 49° 117° S.E A 45, 38
electrical installations  159
Jesse Creek, 50° 120° S.W     27
Jessiman, Kenneth     86
Jervis Inlet, 50° 123° S.W., slate     87
Jeune Landing, 50° 127° S.W., limestone ....    97
Jig Mineral Claims, 52° 122° N.W     72
Jim Group, 49° 116° N.W    62
Jo A-D Claims, 48° 124° S.E     61
Joe Groups, 55° 127° S.W .     73
John Group, 55° 127° S.W     73
Johnson, G. L.       13
Johnson Property, 51° 119° S.W     72
Johnston, E.  101
Johnston, Ed    79
Johnstone, Lloyd     43
Johnstone, W. W.  146
Joker Group, 49° 117° S.E     63
Jordon River, 48° 124° S.E     60
Joseph, Philip     30
Joubin, F. R     15
Joy, 49° 115° N.W     52
KL 1-6 Groups, 50° 120° S.W.
KL 7 and 8 Groups, 50° 120° S.W	
Kakiddi Group, 57° 130° N.W     74
Kamloops, 50° 120° N.E     29
Kamloops Mining Division, prospecting A 60
Kanaka Bar, 50° 121° S.W., placer     80
Kaslo, 49° 116° N.W    44
Kehoe, Ray  102
Keithley Creek, 52° 121° N.E., placer    79
Kelowna Mines Hedley Limited     31
Ken Group, 50° 116° S.W    65
Kentucky Lake area, 49° 120° N.W     28
Kenville Gold Mines Limited     37
Keremeos, 49° 119° S.W     32
Kettle River, 49° 118° S.E., placer     81
Key, 50° 115° S.W     52
Kiernan, Hon. W. K., Minister of Mines  A 2
Kilgard, 49° 122° S.E., clay and shale      88
Kimberley, 49° 115° N.W    51
electrical installations   160
Kimberley Claims, 49° 115° N.W     62
King,   Robert   B.,   Inspector   and   Resident
Engineer A 55
reports by 14-20, 56-59, 78-80, 86-89, 96-103
King David Group, 51° 116° N.W     72
King Fissure, 51° 118° S.E     53
King Gething mines  154
King Mineral Claims, 49° 117° S.E    63
Kingfisher, 50° 127° S.E A 43
Kinney, L. M     40
Kirbyville Creek, 51° 118° N.W., placer __.    81
Klapatiuk, N.      79
Klastine Group, 57° 130° N.W     74
Kleim, T.     45
Kniert, Kenneth  149
Knight, H. W    43
Knutsford, 50° 120° N.E     29
Koeye Limestone Co. Ltd.      97
Koeye River, 51° 127° N.W., limestone     97
Kokanee Glacier Park, 49° 117° N.E    43
Kootenay, 49° 116° N.W     42
Kootenay Belle, 49° 117° S.E A 45 INDEX
Kootenay Chief, 49° 116° N.W.      41
Kootenay Florence, 49°  116° N.W.          43
Kootenay Granite Products Limited .—
electrical installations 	
Kootenay Lake, North, 49° 116° N.W.
electrical installations 	
Kootenian, 49° 116° N.W.
Korpack Cement Products Company Limited
Kotush, P. R	
Kozar, J. 	
Krain, 50°  121° N.E. 	
Krain Copper Ltd. 	
Krain Group, 50° 120°
N.W     67
Krall, John   152
Krall, Thomas   150
Kumhila Exploration Co. Ltd., placer     79
electrical installations 161, 162
Kumhila Placer, 53° 121° S.W  162
Kusnir, Paul   150
Kvikstad, H.      13
Kwong Foo Creek, 53° 121° S.W., placer ..   78
L.B. Claims, 55° 129° S.W     73
L and M Claims, 49° 124° N.E     65
L.T., 49° 117° N.E A 45
Lac la Hache, 51° 121° N.E  15
Laco Group, 50° 121° S.E.   71
Laddie Nos. 1, 2, and 3, 49° 125° S.W.,
electrical installations   161
Ladner, 49° 123° S.E., sand and gravel __  100
Lafarge Cement of North America Ltd. 88, 96
Lajo Mines Limited      44
Lakeshore, 49° 116° N.W     43
Lane, Thomas      42
Lang, E    79
Langley, Corporation of the Township of .... 100
Langley Municipality, 49° 122° S.W.    100
Lapierre, T.      99
Larch Claims, 49°  117° S.E     63
Larch Group, 49° 117° S.E     63
Larch Group, 50° 127° N.W     72
Lardeau area, placer      81
North Lardeau     49
South Lardeau      50
Lardeau Creek, 50° 117° N.E., placer     81
Lardeau Mines Exploration Limited     49
Larrabee Mining and Exploration Ltd.      86
Larson, A.     13
Larson Group, 49° 115° S.W.      61
Last Chance, 50°  120° S.W.      28
Last Chance No. 1 Group, 49° 117° S.E. ....   63
Lathrop, T. S     44
Laughton, M.      43
Laura M., 49°  116° N.W.  A 46
Lawless Creek, 52° 121° N.W., placer     80
Lawrence, S. J.  146
lead, deposits (see table)    165
price A 8, A 13
production A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Leduc glacier       6
Lehto Group, 56° 130° S.W.      74
Lembke, W     13
Lemieux, F.      55
Lewis, C  146
Lewis, Glyn   144
Lewis mine (Timberlands), 49° 123° S.W. .. 144
Liard Fluorite, 59° 126° S.E     75
Liard Mining Division, prospecting A 60
Lightning Creek, 53° 122° S.E., placer     79
Lightning Creek Leases, 53° 121° S.W    73
Lillooet area     15
placer      80
Lillooet Mining Division, prospecting A 60
lime and limestone, production A 15, A 25, A 32
limestone     90
deposits in the Ashcroft-Clinton area     90
in the Merritt area  _   94
Lind, Charles
Lineham, J. D., Chief of the Petroleum and
Natural Gas Branch A 2, A 57
report by  108
Lingle, J.  46
Linn, R. W  38
Linton, Thomas A   100
Linton's Construction Co. Ltd.  100
Lipsey, George C.  57
Little, J. D.   38
Little Bess Group, 49° 117° S.W  63
Little Mountain Quarry, building-stone  87
Little Phil, 49° 116° N.W A 46
Little Snowshoe Creek, 52° 121 ° N.E., placer 79
Littler, Albert 129, 148, 149
Littler, James  148
lode-metal deposits referred to in the 1958
Annual Report   165
lode-metal mines, tonnage, number of mines,
net and gross value of principal metals A 42
lode-mining  1
employment A 41, A 48
Lodge, 50° 120° N.W  22
Lodge Claims, 50° 122° N.W  68
Lodge Group, 50° 120° N.W  68
Loe Group, 50° 120° S.W  68
Loeb, A. A  43
Logan, 49° 116° N.W  44
Lome Creek, 54° 128° N.E., placer  78
Lorraine, 54° 126° N.W  10
Lost Atlantis, 50° 117° S.E  45
Loudon, William  145
Loudon No. 6 mine, 49° 124° S.E  145
Louis, 50° 121° N.W  21
Louis Salvador and Son  98
Louise Group, 50° 121° N.E  71
Low Grade, 59° 129° S.W  75
Lower Antler Creek Gold Placers, 53° 121°
S.E  73
Lowhee Creek, 53° 121° S.W., placer  78
Lucie-Smith, A. N., Senior Petroleum Engineer and Chairman of the Conservation
Committee A 57, A 58
Lucky Edd Mines Limited    45
Lucky Four Leasers    45
Lucky Jim, 50° 117° S.E A 46, 45
Lucky Jim Group, 50° 120° S.W     68
Lucky Strike Group, 48° 123° N.W      61
Lulu Island, 49° 123° S.E., cement     88
Lynn Claims, 50° 120° S.W     68
Lynnmour, 49° 123° S.E., sand and gravel...  102
Lyon, H.     48
Lyons Claim, 49° 124° N.E    65  INDEX
Merritt Group, 50° 120° S.W	
Merritt Property, 50° 120° S.W	
Merry Widow, 50° 127° S.E A 34, 57
Metcalfe, S. W, Chief Analyst and Assayer
 A 2, A 53
Meurling, O.     49
Miard, Harry E., obituary A   4
mica, production A 15, A 24, A 31
Michel Colliery, 49° 114° N.W  148
electrical installations  163
Midnight Consolidated Mines Ltd.     27
Millar, Hannigan & Associates Limited      98
Millar, K     48
millisecond delay detonators  142
Mills, F     48
mine-rescue   128
Mineral King, 50° 116° S.E A 45, 52
mineral specimens A 63
Mineralogical Branch A 55
Mines Branch A 66
miscellaneous metals, production	
 A 14, A 15, A 21, A 23, A 26, A 28
miscellaneous samples A 54
Mission Creek, 49° 119° N.E., placer     81
Minto, 50° 122° N.W     15
Mocena Mines Group, 49° 125° S.W.     65
Mohawk Creek, 50° 117° N.W     49
Mollison, R. D       7
molybdenite, deposits (see table)    165
production A 29
Monarch, 49° 117° N.E A 46, 47
Monashee Creek, 50° 118° S.W     81
south fork, 50° 118° S.E., placer      81
Monet, Jack    79
Moneta Porcupine Mines, Limited     59
Monitor, 50° 117° S.E     45
Monte Carlo, 50° 120° N.E.      66
Montgomery, W. B.      20
Mooney, M. G  24, 31
Moorhouse, W .W.     11
Morgan,   D.   R.,   Inspector   and   Resident
Engineer A 5 5
reports by 	
..... 51-53, 82, 84-86, 89, 98, 104-106, 148-154
Morgan, Irving  148
Morris, James E.   153
Moss, R. E A 49
Mostique Creek, 53° 122° S.E., placer     79
Mountain Minerals Limited 84, 104
Moyie River, 49° 116° S.E., placer     82
Mullin's Strip Mine Ltd.   147
Mulcahy, P. J A 2, A 49
Munro, W. A      98
Murison, J.      44
Murray, James R.      24
Murray, N. F     83
Murrayville, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel 100
museums  A 62
Musketeer, 49° 125° S.W A 43, 59
Musser, C. D     15
N.H. Claims, 55° 129° S.W. .
N.W. Groups, 58° 131° N.W.
Nanaimo, 49° 123° S.W., coal  144
electrical installations   162
Nanaimo Mining Division, prospecting A 60
Nasmith, H. W., geologist A 55, A 56
natro-alunite, production A 31
natural   gas,   exploration,   permits,   leases,
royalties, etc.  A 52
production A 14, A 16, A 21, A 26
samples A 54
Nelson, W. I.      29
Nelson, 49° 117° S.E     37
sand and gravel     99
Nelson Island, 49° 124° N.E., building-stone    87
Nelson Mining Division, prospecting A 60
Nelson Ready-Mix Concrete Ltd.     99
Nelway, 49° 117° S.E     40
Neptune, 50° 120° N.E.      66
Nero, 49° 116° S.W     82
New Arlington Mines Limited      38
New Hamil Silver-Lead Mines Ltd. 21, 28
New   Jersey   Zinc   Exploration   Company
(Canada) Limited 28, 29
New Santiago Mines Limited     47
New Wellington Mines Limited     45
New Westminster, 49° 122° S.W., sand and
gravel   100
New Westminster Mining Division, prospecting  A 61
Newmont  Mining  Corporation  of  Canada
Limited 21,56
Newton, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel...... 100
Ney, C. S 24, 27
Nicholas, G.   _ _.      ...... 146
Nichols, O. W.   .        .    22
Nick Group, 49° 116° N.W     62
nickel, deposits (see table)   165
production  A 16, A 23, A 29
Nickel Plate A 45
Nicki Group, 50°  120° S.W.      69
Nicola Mining Division, prospecting A 61
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District  147
Nigger Creek, 52° 121° N.E., placer    79
Nixon, A  148
Noland Mines Limited     78
non-metallic mines  162
Noonday, 49° 117° N.E. ,
Nor A, B, C Groups, 49° 120° N.W.
A 46
..    65
Noranda   Exploration   Company,   Limited,
AMY   11
Bob, Star, Cow, and B.X  22
Craigmont  25
D.M.    29
Farr Lake Property   27
Gold Coin  55
Gordon Creek Property  27
Merritt Property  27
Tyner Lake Property  27
Norcross, D.   99
Norcross, D. H.   37
Nord Mineral Claim, 50° 120° S.W. ..
Nord Mineral Claims, 50°  121° S.E.
Norris, C. J. 	
North, W. E.
66, 67
._. 70
... 78
... 78
-    80
North Bend, 49° 121° N.E., placer	
North Kootenay Lake—see Kootenay Lake
North Star, 55° 129° N.W       7
North Wellington, 49° 124° S.E  145
North Wind Mineral Claims, 49° 117° S.E.    63
Northern Gem Mining Corporation Ltd.      15
Northern Inspection District   154
Northlodge Copper Mines Limited     22
Northwestern   Explorations,   Limited,   Guichon Creek     24
Highland Valley 21, 22
Merritt     27
Pimainus Lake     24
Nugget, 49° 117° S.E A 45, 38    INDEX
Star, Highland Valley, 50° 120° N.W     22
Star Group, 55° 127° S.W     73
statistics  A 10
statistical tables A 13
Stavert, R. E     51
Steane, H. A     38
Steele, J. S     40
Stella 1-4, 48° 124° N.E     61
Stenwall, J.      81
Stephens, C. O      9
Stone, J. I.      14
Streit, J. B     13
Stromgren, N. P.   101
Stronach, Charles  145
Stronach No. 2 mine, 49° 124° S.E  145
structural materials     83
employment A 41
production A 14, A 15, A 21, A 26, A 32
structural tile, production A 15, A 25, A 32
Stucco Supply Company  104
Stump Lake Group, 50° 120° S.E     69
Stulkawhits (Texas) Creek     55
Sullivan, G. G 49, 60
Sullivan, 49° 115° N.W	
electrical installations 	
sulphur, deposits (see table)
A 45, 51
Sultana Group, 55° 127° S.W.
Summer, E. B.	
Sun Group, 49° 117° S.E.
A 15, A 24, A 31
 A 45
Sun Group, 55° 127° S.W  73
Sunloch, 48° 124° S.E  60
Sunnyside, 48° 124° N.E  60
Sunrise, 49° 117° N.E.   44
Sunro Mines Limited  60
Sunshine Group, 49° 116° N.W  62
Sunshine Lardeau Mines Limited  49
Sunshine No. 2 Mineral Claim, 49°   117°
Sunshine Nos. 10, 11, 15, and 16, 50° 120°
Sunshine Properties Ltd.  100
Surrey, 49° 122° S.W., clay and shale     88
Surrey, Corporation of the District of  100
Sutherland, G. K       6
.A 55, A 56
Sutherland Brown, A., geologist —
Swakum Mountain, 50° 120° S.W.
T.P.C. Group, 49° 115° N.W.
Takomkane  (Big Timothy)  Mountain, 52°
120° S.W.   15
talc, production A 31
Tamarac, 49° 117° S.E.   37
Tarnowski, M.  48
Taylor, Reginald  150
Taylor, Robert  150
Taylor, Thomas  149
Taylor, W  27
Taylor, W. H  28
Tecumsie, 49° 117° N.E      44
Telkwa, 54° 127° N.E., coal  154
Texada Island, 49° 124° N.E  57
Texada Mines Ltd.  57
fatal accident    121
Texas, 50° 117° S.E  45
Texas Gulf Sulphur Company  9
Thelma, 50° 120° S.W  28
Thickett, C.   49
Thomas, J. S.  15
Thomas, John 129, 144, 146
Thompson, F. R.  40
Thompson, R. N., petroleum engineer A 57
Thrall, R. A 84, 104
Three Forks, 50° 117° S.E           - 44
Tiger, 55° 129° N.W  7
Tiger Fractional Mineral Claim, 49°   117°
S.W.    64
tin, deposits (see table)   165
production A 15, A 23, A 29
Toad River, 58° 125° N.W.     _.   ... 13
Toby Creek, 50° 116° S.E  52
Tofin Property, 50° 121° N.E.     ....     .._ 71
Tofino Gold Mines Ltd. _   59
Toketic Group. 50° 121° S.E  71
Tonia, 49° 115° N.W.       61
Tootsee Lake, 59° 130° N.W  13
topographic mapping and air photography A 64
Tor Group, 57° 125° S.W    74
Torbrit Silver Mines Limited       6
Toric, 55° 129° N.W A 44, 6
Torrent, 49° 115° N.W     52
Torwest Resources Limited 22, 28
Totem Group, 56° 125° S.W .     74
Towgood, C. E.     47
Tradedollar Group, 49° 115° S.W     61
Trail, 49° 117° S.W 36, 99
Trailer  Special   Placer-mining  Lease,   59°
133° N.E     75
Tranquil Creek, 49° 125° S.W     59
Tranquil Inlet, 49° 125° S.W     59
Transcontinental Resources Limited      48
Treacy, J. E     82
Tregilges, John     34
Trettin, H. P A 56
Trojan Consolidated Mines Ltd.     21
Trojan Group, 50° 120° N.W.      70
Trophy Mountain Property, 51" 119° N.W.    72
Trout Group, 49° 115° N.W     61
Troutline Creek, 59° 129° S.W     83
Trouton, W. R  100
Trouton Excavating Ltd.  100
Tsable River, electrical installations  163
Tsable River mine, 49° 124° N.W.       146
Tulameen River, 49° 120° N.W., placer     80
Tully, W. M J.     97
tungsten, deposits (see table)       165
production A 15, A 23, A 29
Tungsten King, 49° 117° S.E     39
Turner, H. M     43
Turner, J.    46
Twelve Mile Creek, 49° 117° N.E     44
Tymchuk, Michael  151
Tyner Lake, 50° 120° S.W     27
Tyner Lake Property, 50° 120° S.W     27 184
USS 1-7, 49°
Undun Mine,
121° S.W	
49° 123° S.W.
Union Bay Washery, 49°   123°
trical installations	
Unsworth, J. 	
Unuk River, 56° 130° S.W	
S.W., elec-
Val Group, 49° 117° S.E	
Valley Concrete Limited	
Valley Granite Products Ltd.
Van Roi, 49° 117° N.E.
Uphill, C     45
uranium, deposits (see table)   165
Urquhart Gulch, 53° 121° S.W., placer     79
Utica, 49° 117° N.E A 47, 44
Utica Mines (1937) Limited     44
.A 47, 48
Vananda, 49° 124° N.W., limestone 96, 97
Vancouver Granite Co. Limited    87
Vancouver Island      57
electrical installations   161
Vancouver Island Inspection District  143
Vancouver Mining Division, prospecting. A 62
Vanex, 50° 120° S.W     29
Vanex Minerals Limited     29
Vaughn K Group, 56° 130° S.E     74
Venango, 49°  117° S.E.      37
Venango Gold Mines Limited     37
Venus, 50° 116° N.E.
Venus Group, 51° 121° S.W     72
Verkerk, William   150
Vernon, 50°  119° S.E., placer     81
Victor, 49° 117° N.E A 47, 46
electrical installations  160
Victoria Mining Division, prospecting A 62
Victoria Tile & Brick Supply Co. Ltd     88
Victory Group, 49° 117° S.E     64
Violamac, 49° 117° N.E., electrical installations   160
Violamac Mines Limited 45, 46, 47
electrical installations  160
Vittoni, B.  147
Vulcan, 49° 116° N.E.   51
..A 47, 36
W.D., 49° 117° S.W. 	
W.P., 50° 120° S.W	
W.P. Group, 50° 121° S.E       71
W.S. Beale (1955) Ltd  96
Wagner, 50° 117° N.E     50
Wakelem, W.    145
Walker, John Fortune, Deputy Minister A 2, A 49
Wallace, H. B.      79
Wallace, Ray      79
Wallace Mountain, 49° 119° S.E 35, 36
Walsh, Jones   150
Walter, F. W     81
Walton, T. T.      41
Wardman, L., Electrical Inspector of Mines A 54
report by             .  156
Warren  Creek  Mineral  Claims,   50°   116°
N.W     66
Washington No. 1 Mineral Claim, 49° 119°
S.E     65
Weaver, William M.      56
Webb, J. K.      54
Weber, R. G.      38
Weber, W. S.     78
Webster, Arnold	
Webster, W. D	
Wedeene, 54° 128° S.W	
Weich, A. C	
Wellington, 50°  117° S.E.
Wells, A	
Wells, D. H. 	
Wells, E. 	
Wells, 53° 121° S.W.
Wells-Barkerville area, 53°  121° S.W.   14
West Columbia Gold Placers Ltd.  81
West   Kootenay   Mine   Safety   Association
Trophy   131
West Kootenay Power and Light Company
Limited   8 6
West Vancouver Municipality, 49° 123° S.E. 102
Westcoast Transmission Company Limited
 108, 109, 111
Western Exploration Company Limited  47
electrical installations _   160
Western Gypsum Products Limited  89
Western Mines Limited  43
Western Nickel Limited  55
Westmont, 49° 117° N.E A 47, 48
Westmont Creek, 49° 117° N.E.   48
Westville Property, 51° 119° S.E.   72
Whipsaw Creek, 49° 120° S.W., placer  80
White, Elizabeth U  15
White, Joseph       145
White, W. H.   21
White, 59° 129° S.W.   75
White Creek, 49° 116° N.E  51
White mine, 49° 124° S.E., coal  145
White Rock, 49° 122° S.W., sand and gravel 99
Whittaker, John   151
Whittal, N. R.   146
Wiarton, 49° 119° S.E   33
Wickstrom, K. E.   36
Wiedemeyer, Ella  81
Wiedemeyer, Ervin   81
Wiedemeyer, Robert  81
Wild Horse River, 49° 115° N.W  52
placer   82
Williams, Arthur, instructor A 55
Williams, James   79
Williams Creek, 53° 121° S.W  79
Williams Lake, 52° 122° S.E  15
Willow River, 53°
Wilmot, A. D. __
Wilson, R. R.
121 =
S.W., placer    78
Windermere, 50° 115° S.W  52
Witches Brook, 50° 120° S.W 24, 70
Wlad, Steven  80
Wojna, A. S  45
Wonderful, 49° 117° N.E  47
Wood, L. G.   29
Woodland Mineral Claim, 55° 129° N.W..... 74
Woodman, W. R  79
Wright, H. M.   43
Wylie, J. W  14
Wynndel, 49°   116° S.W., sand and gravel 99 INDEX
Yale Lead & Zinc Mines Limited     43
Yellow Jacket, 49° 124° N.W A 43
Yellow Kid, 49° 124° N.W A 43, 57
Ymir, 49°  117° S.E.      37
Ymir Creek, 49° 117° S.E     37
Yorke-Hardy, W. D     10
Zambon, J.    46
Zborovsky, A.       13
Zeigler, W. L     40
Young, D. B.
Yuill, J. ..
Yukon Consolidated Gold Corporation Limited, The	
Yukon   Western   Mining   and   Prospecting
Company Limited     49
zinc, deposits (see table)    165
price A 8, A 13
production   A 14-A 22, A 26, A 43
Zinc Group, 59° 129° S.E     75
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.


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