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DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS REPORT for the Year Ended December 31st 1957 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1958

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
DEPARTMENT OF
MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
REPORT
for the Year Ended December 31st
1957
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1958  To His Honour Frank Mackenzie Ross, C.M.G., M.C., LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
I have the honour to transmit herewith the Annual Report of the Department of
Municipal Affairs for the year ended December 31st, 1957.
W. D. BLACK,
Minister of Municipal Affairs.
Victoria, B.C.  Report of the Department of Municipal Affairs
Victoria, B.C., January 23rd, 1958.
The Honourable W. D. Black,
Minister of Municipal Affairs.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Annual Report of this Department
for the year ended December 31st, 1957.
The 1957 assessment rolls of cities, districts, and villages within the Province contained assessed values of land and improvements totalling $2,765,873,099, an increase
of approximately $334,000,000 (9 per cent) over values appearing on the 1956 rolls.
This increase in gross assessed values resulted in an increase of approximately
$280,000,000 in values taxable. The increase in values actually taxed for 1957 over
1956 for municipal purposes, including debt, amounted to approximately $178,000,000
and for school purposes approximately $268,000,000.
In 1957 eight city and six district municipalities levied a tax by mill rate for
municipal purposes on landlord and tenant machinery and equipment.
Figures are shown in the following tables:—
Total Assessed Value of Land and Improvements
1956 Total
Land
Improvements
Other than Landlord and Tenant
Machinery and
Equipment
Landlord and
Tenant
Machinery and
Equipment
1957 Total
Cities    _   	
Districts	
Villages  _	
$571,222,430
835,551,790
102,674,869
$118,464,873
187,072,601
18,564,786
$463,351,661
711,699,403
98,349,817
$36,102,472
100,431,106
4,048,685
$617,919,006
999,203,110
120,963,288
Totals	
Vancouver- ;.
$1,509,449,089
922,864,823
$324,102,260
250,854,000
$1,273,400,881
717,824,345
$140,582,263
59,109,350
$1,738,085,404
1,027,787,695
$2,432,313,912
$574,956,260
$1,991,225,226
$199,691,613
$2,765,873,099
Values Taxable
$456,415,386    |      $93,674,184
721,650,139    |      163,408,936
81,869,349    |        16,704,425
$368,163,705
598,216,364
75,136,375
$32,830,966
97,662,580
3,323,283
$494,668,855
Districts _.._
Villages 	
859,287,880
95,164,083
Totals	
Vancouver 	
$1,259,934,874    1    $273,787,545
775,608,125    j      204,389,170
$1,041,516,444
606,938,725
$133,816,829
54,846,938
$1,449,120,818
866,174,833
$2,035,542,999    |    $478,176,715
1
$1,648,455,169
$188,663,767
$2,315,295,651 FF 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Values Actually Taxed
Municipal Purposes
1956 Total
Land
Improvements
1957 Total
$262,763,287
479,008,628
58,398,713
$93,471,929
163,408,236
16,703,280
$200,766,238
402,724,823
52,988,371
$294,238,167
566,133,059
69,691,651
Totals  _.    -  - _
Vancouver _ —	
$800,170,628
438,219,581
$273,583,445
204,389,170
$656,479,432
281,483,194
$930,062,877
485,872,364
$1,238,390,209
$477,972,615
$937,962,626
$1,415,935,241
School Purposes
$349,999,684
563,682,187
62,806,812
$93,497,179
163,408,236
16,456,017
$300,447,378
521,675,459
58,464,912
$393,944,557
685 083,695
Villages 	
74,920,929
Totals        	
$976,488,683
610,138,920
$273,361,432
204,389,170
$880,587,749
496,339,246
$1,153,949,181
700,728,416
Vancouver 	
$1,586,627,603
$477,750,602
$1,376,926,995
$1,854,677,597
During the year, approximately $13,960,000 in new debentures were approved,
which is an increase of nearly $3,760,000 compared with 1956. The amount and purpose
for which new debentures were approved are set out below (Vancouver debentures do
not require approval):—
Distribution of Debenture Debt by Purposes for the Year 1957
Purpose
Cities
Districts
Villages
Total
Civic projects 	
Electric light and power-
Hospitals ._
Local improvements	
Protection to persons and property-
Roads and sidewalks	
Sewers	
Waterworks	
Miscellaneous....
Totals..
$849,000
14,000
446,000
884,907
195,000
998,866
346,000
50,000
$468,000
1,152,000
553,849
32,000
1,691,000
2,529,000
726,000
44,000
$157,500
1,227,000
1,599,500
$1,317,000
14,000
1,598,000
1,438,756
189,500
1,886,000
4,754,866
2,671,500
94,000
$3,783,773
$7,195,849
$2,984,000
$13,963,622
The latest figures available for total debenture debt as at December 31st, 1956, are
summarized as follows:—
Total Debenture Debt as at December 31st, 1956
Issued, Sold,
and Outstanding
Unissued
and Unsold
Total
$37,266,659
35,404,608
4,467,963
$1,209,844
3,864,699
791,600
$38,476,503
39,269,307
5,259,563
Totals	
$77,139,230
122,061,019
$5,866,143              $83,005,373
4,910,000      |       126,971,019
$199,200,249
$10,776,143
$209,976,392
This Department has been advised by the Department of Finance of the Federal
Government that all semi-annual repayments have been made on loans which were
obtained under the provisions of the "Municipalities Improvements Assistance Act. REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
FF 7
1938."   The following table shows the loans made and the outstanding amounts as at
January 1st, 1958:—
Loans Made under the Provisions of the " Municipalities Improvements Assistance Act, 1938," Guaranteed by the Province of British Columbia, as at
January 1st, 1958.
Municipality
Loan
No.
Amount
Advanced
Balance
Outstanding
1
2
21
22
31
32
33
54
56
57
59
60
67
68
69
81
84
85
89
94
95
$750,000.00
390,000.00
39,224.15
200,000.00
18,750.00
11,000.00
140,192.50
130,000.00
66,000.00
10,000.00
40,000.00
40,000.00
8,400.00
41,000.00
12,500.00
44,000.00
39,200.00
100,000.00
8,000.00
15,000.00
11,491.05
$248,819.99
57,647.52
5,797.89
City of Prince George    ; _
49,591.04
City of Trail        _	
15,448.78
City of Port Alberni   _ 	
9,755.73
19,595 70
District of Penticton2  _           	
4,872.32
Annable-Warfield Waterworks District3.—	
7,766.20
19,203.79
District of West Vancouver 	
39,703.56
1,182,51
7,348.37
Totals  _	
$2,114,757.70
$486,733.40
1 Now part of The Corporation of the District of Powell River.
2 Changed from district to city status, April 30th, 1948.
3 This liability now assumed by The Corporation of the Village of Warfield.
Amortized payments due December 31st, 1957, and January 1st, 1958, made by all municipalities.
Short-term capital borrowings were approved for six municipalities. Borrowings
of this nature are an innovation introduced in the new "Municipal Act." Some of the
restrictions and provisions are that the borrowing must be for a capital purpose, the
maximum term be five years, and the aggregate amount outstanding be limited to $5 per
capita or $100,000, whichever is the lesser.
The last two or three years have been particularly frustrating to Councils, who, on
the one hand, have been (and still are) faced with many essential capital projects and, on
the other hand, by strong competition for an inadequate supply of money, with resulting
high costs for any money which they may have succeeded in borrowing. Recent months
and weeks, however, have at last witnessed a turn for the better as far as the supply and
cost of money is concerned, and the immediate outlook is therefore more encouraging
than it has been for some time.
Two routine inquiries were held into applications for certificates of approval to
money by-laws.   In both cases the certificates were granted.
During 1957 five municipalities were granted certificates of self-liquidation in respect
of seven utility systems and two other municipal enterprises. Under the new " Municipal
Act," subsisting certificates of self-liquidation are necessary for the inclusion of the
values of utility systems and other municipal enterprises in calculating the statutory maximum amount which may be borrowed by a municipality.
One municipality requested that the Department investigate and advise on various
phases of its administrative affairs. This was carried out and recommendations made.
At the end of 1956, reserve funds amounted to $8,905,522, which is an increase
over the previous year of $1,336,014.
The Pollution-control Board which was set up under the " Pollution-control Act"
began operations during the past year. The Board was brought to full strength early in FF 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
the spring, after which the administration organization was agreed upon and rules of procedure adopted. During the year twenty-one permits were granted to applicants who
sought to discharge sewerage or industrial waste materials into the waters of the Lower
Fraser River or into the sea waters adjacent to the Lower Mainland. The application of
the Greater Vancouver Sewerage and Drainage District for permission to place a treatment plant on lona Island and to discharge the effluent into the waters of Sturgeon Bank
was opposed by the Municipality of Richmond, and it was therefore decided by the Board
to hold a public hearing in Vancouver in connection with the application.
The advent of the training programme in municipal administration, being provided
by the University of British Columbia under the sponsorship of the Department, has
introduced a new factor in connection with the certification of municipal officers undertaken by the Board of Examiners in accordance with Part XXVII of the "Municipal
Act." The Board has given considerable study concerning proposed revision of the regulations now in effect under the Act and expects to be able to make recommendations
regarding changes in the future.
The year 1957 marked the graduation of the first class of the Municipal Administration Diploma course offered by the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration
of the University of British Columbia under the sponsorship of the Department. This
class commenced in the fall of 1953. Total enrolment for the 1957/58 year is made up
of: First year, 49; second year, 38; third year, 37; and fourth year, 20.
Institutes were held at the University in May, 1957, for the 1956/57 year's classes,
and the results of the examinations were as follows: Completing first year, 35; second
year, 23; third year, 18; and fourth year, 25.
Junior and senior diplomas were granted by the University to all students successfully completing the second and fourth years of the course respectively.
While not sponsored by this Department, information on and application forms
regarding a training programme in the field of appraising, assessing, and land valuation
were sent by the Department to city, town, and district municipalities. Part of the
programme consists of institutes at which concentrated instruction will be provided,
culminating in examinations. It is felt the introduction of this course of study will be of
great assistance to municipal assessing personnel.
The Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Municipal Officers' Association was held
in Victoria on May 27th, 28th, and 29th, 1957. Practically the entire Conference was
devoted to the new " Municipal Act." Panel discussions were held and numerous questions asked and answered, all of which resulted in many points being clarified. There was
also a discussion on determining the eligibility of applicants for grants under the " Provincial Home-owner Grant Act."
The Union of British Columbia Municipalities held a very successful convention in
Nelson toward the end of September, where a number of important matters were considered. One of the most outstanding was the lengthy debate on legislative provisions
governing the regulation of shopping hours.
Three communities were incorporated during 1957—one as a city municipality and
two as village municipalities.  They are:—
Municipality
Date of
Incorporation
Area
(in Acres)
Population
City
The Corporation of the City of White Rock .
Village
The Corporation of the Village of Golden —
The Corporation of the Village of Houston-
Apr. 15
June 26
Mar.   4
3,463.0
1,372.0
407.4
5,439
1,245
612 REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
FF 9
The Corporation of the City of White Rock was formerly a portion of The Corporation of the District of Surrey. The new area of the district is 89,297 acres and has a
population of 43,927. For the Villages of Golden and Houston, they are the estimated
population as at the date of incorporation. In the case of the City of White Rock and the
District of Surrey, the 1956 Census has been used, with the division between the city
and district derived from information supplied by the Census Division of the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics.
In 1957 extensions of areas were granted to the Cities of Duncan and Vernon and
the Villages of Lake Cowichan, Mission City, Oliver, Quesnel, Sidney, Squamish, and
Williams Lake. Mission City and Quesnel were subsequently reincorporated as towns.
The following table shows the increases in area as well as population.
Municipality
Area (in Acres)
Before
Extension of
Area
Contained in
Area Added
After
Extension of
Area
Population
Before
Extension of
Area
Contained in
Area Added
After
Extension of
Area
City
Duncan. 	
Vernon _
Village
Lake Cowichan..
Mission City	
Oliver. _
Quesnel	
Sidney.	
Squamish	
Williams Lake—
477.0
1,963.0
592.9
821.0
259.5
1,575.0
436.0
655.0
344.0
376.0
22.0
13.3
37.0
127.0
6.0
142.0
775.5
843.0
853.0
1,985.0
606.2
858.0
386.5
1,581.0
578.0
1,430.5
1,187.0
3,247
8,998
1,949
3,010
1,147
4,384
1,371
1,292
1,790
207
10
40
243
118
3,247
9,079
1,949
3,010
1,354
4,394
1,411
1,535
1,908
The populations shown above are the 1956 Census plus additions brought about by
extensions of areas since then to December 31st, 1957.
The boundaries of the District of Mission were redefined to make for greater certainty as to their location as well as to remove a water area fronting on Mission City and
transfer it to the administration of Mission City.
An innovation in the new " Municipal Act" is the provision whereby the status of
a municipality may be changed from one classification to another. In this event the
Letters Patent incorporating the municipality are revoked and other Letters Patent issued
reincorporating the municipality. Six municipalities availed themselves of this provision.
The classifications of Cumberland, Ladysmith, and Merritt were changed from a city to
a village; Dawson Creek from a village to a city, and Mission City and Quesnel from a
village to a town. In each case the effective date of the change was determined as January 1st, 1958.
The new " Municipal Act" has now had a number of months of trial and appears
to have been generally well received with the exception of one or two provisions, chiefly
those dealing with the regulation of shopping hours. The Act would appear to have
achieved the major objectives for which the revision was undertaken.
Other significant changes or additions enacted by the 1957 Session of the Legislature
which affected municipalities are as follows:—
"Assessment Equalization Act, 1953."—As in the "Municipal Act," "Public
Schools Act," and " Taxation Act," the definition of " improvements " was amended to
include closed-circuit television companies. Amongst other amendments was the extension to May 15th of the period for the Assessment Appeal Board to complete its decisions.
"Local Services Act."—This is a new Act which allows the provision of certain
works and and services for the benefit of areas in unorganized territory. These include
ambulance, fire protection, garbage collection and disposal, home nursing care, homes
for senior citizens, and public comfort-stations.   In addition, certain specified provisions FF 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA
of the " Municipal Act" may be made applicable to a local area established under this
Act, in which case the Minister of Municipal Affairs may exercise the powers of a Municipal Council concerning such provisions.
" Motor-vehicle Act."—This Act replaces the former " Motor-vehicle Act." One
item of interest to municipalities is that commencing March 1st, 1958, the licence fee for
all municipal vehicles will be at a flat rate of $2 per vehicle. Another is the introduction
of a uniform code of rules for pedestrians and for the driving and operating of motor-
vehicles on public highways in both municipalities and unorganized territory. It is a
Province-wide code.
"Municipal Superannuation Agreement Validation Act."—Some municipalities have
entered into certain agreements or contracts of doubtful validity in view of the provisions
of the prevailing Statutes. This Act validates the agreements or contracts. However, the
validation only extends for a period of one year from the coming into force of the Act.
"Provincial Home-owner Grant Act."—This is a new Act which provides, subject
to a minimum tax of $1, an annual Provincial grant of up to $28 to reduce the current-
year property tax of each eligible resident home-owner.
" Village Municipalities Assistance Act."—The new category of a local district is
included under this Act. It has been broadened to enable a Provincial guarantee to be
given to a village or local district for borrowings for hospital purposes.
"Greater Nanaimo Water and Sewerage District Act."—Formerly the title of this
Act was "Greater Nanaimo Water District Act." As the new title implies, the powers
exercisable have been extended to include sewerage facilities. This Act will not have
effect except by Proclamation, and to date has not become operative.
" Victoria City Act, 1957."—Certain powers were granted with respect to the disposal of assets acquired for waterworks purposes.
" White Rock Incorporation Act."—This Act was introduced as a public Bill following a referendum held in December, 1956, throughout the District of Surrey and the
area known as White Rock. As mentioned earlier in this Report, The Corporation of the
City of White Rock was incorporated on April 15th, 1957. Concurrently, the boundaries
of The Corporation of the District of Surrey were amended accordingly.
The staff of the Department worked unstintingly throughout the year in order to
cope with the many tasks which were in part brought about by the transition from the old
to the new " Municipal Act." This situation, however, did prevent the Department from
completing the usual number of visits to municipal offices during the year. Once again
I would like to express my thanks to the municipal officials, both elected and appointed,
for their continued courtesy and assistance, to the members of the executive and executive
director of the Union of British Columbia Municipalities, to the departmental heads and
staff of the other departments of Government, and to you, Sir, for your direction and
encouragement.
J. E. BROWN,
Deputy Minister. REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS FF 11
REPORT OF THE SUPERVISOR OF MUNICIPALITIES
Victoria, B.C., January 22nd, 1958.
/. E. Brown, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of Municipal Affairs.
Sir,—The past year has proved interesting, though strenuous, and the staff has found
it difficult at times to keep up with the work load. The coming into force of the new
"Municipal Act," being chapter 42 of the Statutes of 1957, on the 1st day of July was
a prime factor in adding to the strain on our facilities, although our expanding economy
also continues to demand more services from the Department from year to year.
The members of the staff, as in the past, have continued to co-operate with extra
time and effort, and again holiday times were made subordinate to the necessity of providing assistance to municipalities and municipal groups.
Most municipalities were visited at least once by a senior member of the Department,
but it proved impossible to attain our objective of visiting every municipality at least once
in the year. In addition, this year a particular effort was made to attend, prior to the 1st
day of July, all the regional meetings of all of the municipal associations affiliated with
the Union of British Columbia Municipalities.
Several regional meetings of the Municipal Officers' Association were attended, as
well as some of the regional meetings of the British Columbia Association of Assessors.
The undersigned attended the annual meeting of the latter.
In May of this year the Municipal Officers' Association Conference, held in Victoria,
was extended to a three-day meeting rather than the customary two days, to allow for a
thorough review of the provisions of the new " Municipal Act." The members conducted
several panel discussions on particular portions of the Act, which proved to be extremely
well done, and consequently this conference was one of the most successful and beneficial
deliberations held by the group. The Department attended in full force and assisted by
taking part in the question-and-answer portions of the proceedings. As in past years, the
Department printed the proceedings, but it is felt that, due to the various factors involved,
the association should make its own arrangements in future. The proceedings could be
made available to the members at a much earlier date if a transcript of the proceedings
was taken at the time of the conference.
The following is a compilation of some of the functions of the Department during
1957:—
(1) One hundred and eighteen visits were made to municipalities. The number
of municipalities actually visited was ninety-nine, some receiving more
than one visit.
(2) Four hundred and twenty-nine Orders in Council were prepared and
subsequently approved.
(3) Ninety-two certificates of approval for municipal loan by-laws were issued.
(4) Eighty-five debenture issues were certified by the Inspector of Municipalities, consisting of 14,703 debentures with coupons attached, which were
examined, checked, sealed, and certified.
(5) Six hundred and forty-three village by-laws were examined, checked, and
registered. Many of these required advice and correspondence, resulting
in resubmission in amended or altered form.
(6) Hundreds of draft by-laws were submitted for review and comment, which
resulted in considerable correspondence.
The first village submitting 1956 financial returns in 1957 was Parksville; the first
city, Rossland; and the first district, Kent. It is, of course, possible to publish the names
of the municipalities which were the last to submit returns, but this would prove no useful FF  12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
purpose, as lateness is a matter of degree. However, it must be observed that the returns
made in 1957 were generally later than in the previous year. Aside from the disregard
shown to statutory requirements, the late filing of returns caused a most serious delay in
the publication and issue of the 1956 Municipal Statistics. The U.B.C.M. executive and
individual Councils need this information, as well as other governmental and financial
bodies, to assess the impact of certain financial problems. We are not publishing " statistics for statistics' sake," and all municipal officials, both elected and appointed, should
realize that lack of facts and the consequent inability to make valid and current comparisons adds difficulty to the tasks facing the various levels of government when examining
the fiscal policies of our Province and our country.
The undersigned attended a week's conference at the Dominion Bureau of Statistics,
Ottawa, as a member of the Continuing Committee of the Dominion-Provincial Conference on Municipal Accounting. The time was devoted to matters pertaining to revision
of the Manual of Instructions on Municipal Accounting, Reporting, and Terminology
issued by the Public Finance Division of the Bureau. I was unable to attend the meeting
in November, but the minutes of the proceedings were received and are under study.
The Continuing Committee is scheduled to meet again in April of 1958, with a full-scale
conference planned for later in the year to finalize the work of the Committee and to
consider certain matters not within the terms of reference of the Committee.
This report continues the practice of including analytical studies relating to municipal administration.
Table 1 shows the gross and net debenture debt of all cities (exclusive of Vancouver), all districts, and of Vancouver from the years 1921 to 1956, inclusive, and is
graphed on Chart 1.
There is very little difference in the net debenture debt of all cities in the Province
over the previous year. The net debenture debt of districts, however, continues to rise,
indicating the urban expansion which is still taking place.
Further comparisons follow:—
(Assessed taxable values in
thousands of dollars.)
Cities (Other than
Vancouver)
Districts
Vancouver
'
Assessed
Values
Population
Assessed
Values
Population
Assessed
Values
Population
1922  	
$155,800
134.720
$186,700
721,650
123,660
406,342
$211,700             125,000
1956
456.415               268.325
775.608       !       365.844
Table 2 shows the percentages of municipal revenues according to major sources for
four basic years.
Table 3 relates the major sources of municipal revenue to a per capita basis for the
same basic years.
Table 4 compares expenditures by functions on a per capita basis for two basic years.
Table 5, introduced for the first time, shows, for the years 1936 to 1956, inclusive,
the percentage of current taxes collected, total collections as a percentage of the current
levy, and the outstanding taxes as a percentage of the current levy for all cities (except
Vancouver), districts, villages, and Vancouver.
J. D. Baird,
Supervisor of Municipalities. REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
STATISTICAL TABLES
FF  13
Table 1.—Gross and Net Debenture Debt for All Cities (Exclusive of Vancouver) and Districts and Vancouver, as at December 3 1st, in Each Year
for the Years 1921 to 1956, Inclusive.
(In thousands of dollars.)
Year
All Cities (Exclusive
of Vancouver)
Gross
Debenture
Debt
Net
Debenture
Debt
All Districts
Gross
Debenture
Debt
Net
Debenture
Debt
Vancouver
Gross
Debenture
Debt
Net
Debenture
Debt
1921-
1922-
1923...
1924...
1925-
1926-
1927...
1928-
1929...
1930...
1931-
1932...
1933...
1934-
1935-
1936...
1937...
1938-
1939-
1940-
1941...
1942...
1943...
1944-
1945...
1946-
1947...
1948...
1949...
1950...
1951-
1952-
1953-
1954..
1955..
1956-
$39.
40.
39,
39,
39,
39.
39.
40,
40,
41.
40.
40.
39.
39
39
38
35
35
35
35.
32
31
30.
29.
29.
31
35
37
39
38
38
39,
39.
39.
37.
37
,112
,256
,401
,660
,586
,665
,736
,312
,273
,066
,673
,592
,780
,417
141
,417
,939
,323
,387
017
,924
846
290
,416
,304
,690
,015
422
383
442
,466
,606
,533
,456
,512
,267
$33,459
35,825
33,279
33,276
34,081
31,773
31,010
30,663
29,726
29,191
29,034
28,817
28,060
27,568
27,016
26,135
27,190
26,996
27,156
26,726
24,863
24,004
23,503
22,643
22,775
24,993
29,511
32,325
34,091
33,000
33,474
34,568
34,121
33,973
33,845
33,649
$9,615
9,458
9,322
9,327
9,461
9,928
10,505
11,021
11,414
12,254
12,670
12,684
12,525
12,259
11,656
11,712
11,406
11,468
11,418
10,780
11,047
10,498
10,112
9,827
10,202
11,803
14,290
16,032
18,053
17,652
18,561
23,215
23,752
28,656
31,273
35,405
$7,966
7,754
7,514
7,303
7,169
7,386
7,737
7,996
8,625
9,206
9,608
9,642
9,504
9,076
8,034
7,920
7,367
7,238
7,014
6,733
7,153
6,692
6,279
6,232
6,428
7,798
11,542
13,237
15,117
14,864
15,872
20,581
21,230
26,554
29,488
33,576
$48,770
49,048
47,552
47,121
50,010
53,262
57,136
58,794
66,798
72,513
76,573
76,058
75,790
75,498
76,576
75,712
75,437
74,381
73,181
71,459
69,023
66,328
64,454
61,510
64,565
65,512
66,346
74,442
83,839
88,578
93,786
101,005
105,085
115,001
117,914
122,061
$39,091
36,805
38,042
37,970
38,219
42,482
45,639
46,760
53,765
58,548
61,568
60,946
60,794
59,725
60,113
58,921
58,102
56,691
55,317
53,254
51,010
47,630
44,799
41,837
42,991
44,302
42,970
45,207
54,240
58,683
62,718
73,320
81,361
88,927
89,328
90,774 FF 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Table 2.—Percentage of Municipal Revenues by Major Sources
for the Years 1931, 1941, 1951, and 1956
Year
Municipal Taxation
Provincial
Grants
Utilities
Licences,
Fines, and
Other
Revenue
Total
For Schools
Total
Revenue
All Cities except Vancouver
1931	
1941 _	
1951	
Per Cent
29.10
21.80
22.50
19.20
24.62
24.60
24.70
22.09
30.30
29.20
31.85
27.56
Per Cent
69.25
65.60
49.00
54.69
85.45
79.10
63.20
70.76
68.60
82.20
60.00
66.53
41.65
64.24
34.90
51.57
Per Cent
20.39
7.10
23.25
15.96
5.32
8.95
22.95
11.61
9.82
11.32
27.20
17.57
28.20
10.93
34.90
25.45
Per Cent
100
8.55
9.77
8.73
1.09
1.01
1.33
2.39
1.88
3.76
3.19
Per Cent
7.16
18.75
17.98
20.62
9.23
11.31
12.76
16.62
21.58
6.48
11.47
13.51
30.15
22.94
26.44
19.79
Per Cent
3.20
100
100
1956 ...                          	
Vancouver
1931 	
1941
1951.             	
100
100
100
1956..	
All Districts
1931    ____ _ 	
1941	
1951	
1956. 	
100
100
100
100
All Villages
1931 	
100
1941
22.01
100
1951
100
1956
100
Table 3.—Per Capita Municipal Revenues by Major Sources
for the Years 1931, 1941, 1951, and 1956
Year
Municipal Taxation
Provincial
Grants
Utilities
Licences,
Fines, and
Other
Revenue
Total
For Schools
Total
Revenue
All Cities except Vancouver
1931  _ _ _	
1941  	
19S1
$13.35
9.35
19.80
19.35
19.95
11.95
21.10
25.17
9.62
5.75
18.15
20.46
$31.80
28.20
43.15
55.11
44.80
38.40
54.00
80.62
21.80
16.20
34.20
49.41
3.60
3.81
11.14
29.71
$3.29
3.05
20.45
16.08
2.79
4.35
19.60
13.23
3.12
2.23
15.50
13.05
3.78
0.99
11.13
14.66
$1.47
3.67
8.60
8.79
0.31
0.93
1.15
6.76
1.77
0.17
1.20
1.84
$9.39
8.03
15.80
20.77
4.91
5.54
10.97
18.93
6.83
1.27
6.54
10.03
4.04
2.08
8.43
11.40
$45.95
42.95
88 00
1956.. .    __
1931	
Vancouver
100.75
52.50
1941	
1951. .
1956	
1931.	
1941	
1951	
1956   ..   ..
All Districts
48.60
85.50
113.93
31.73
19.70
57.00
74.26
1931...
All Villages
13.42
1941
9.05
1951
12.68
31.90
1956.	
57.61 REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
FF  15
Table 4.—Comparison of per Capita Expenditure by Functions for All Cities
except Vancouver, for Vancouver, and for All Districts for the Years
1921 and 1956.
All cities except
Vancouver
Vancouver
All Districts
1921
1956
1921
1956
1921
1956
$2.72
2.71
2.42
1.10
4.21
.57
.38
.79
11.45
16.46
.51
6.14
1.14
$8.29
6.00
5.39
2.19
12.14
4.45
1.07
1.64
17.73
14.71
1.11
1.99
6.09
6.87
9.00
1.20
$1.85
3.09
3.86
.75
6.12
1.77
.48
1.73
12.02
15.65
1.26
4.79
1.37
$5.23
9.49
13.00
3.29
6.90
3.88
2.97
2.30
21.76
22.70
1.83
5.74
9.19
.78
3.41
$2.70
.17
1.13
.31
8.40
.22
.11
.96
8.32
5.54
1.99
4.90
.26
$6.91
Fire
3.11
2.57
1.16
14.01
1.92
Public health	
.70
1.12
18.79
Debt               	
7.97
1 49
1 42
1.91
5 15
Capital expenditure out of revenue
Reserve   _ 	
5.37
.54
Totals   _   	
$50.60
$99.87
$54.74
$112.47
$35.01
$74.14 FF 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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FF 17
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LEGEND
NET DEBENTURE  DEBT FOR  ALL   CITIES   EXCEPT    VANCOUVER
IN   TENS   OF   MILLIONS   OF   DOLLARS   p——0—a -°
NET DEBENTURE  DEBT  FOR   VANCOUVER   IN    TENS   OF    MILLIONS
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NET  DEBENTURE  DEBT  FOR   DISTRICTS  IN   TENS  OF  MILLIONS
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I FF 18 BRITISH COLUMBIA
REPORT OF DIRECTOR, REGIONAL PLANNING DIVISION
Victoria, B.C., January 21st, 1958.
/. E. Brown, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of Municipal Affairs.
MUNICIPAL PLANNING
Sir,—Community plans in varying degrees of detail and with accompanying draft
zoning by-laws were prepared for ten municipalities and draft zoning by-laws alone for
five others during the year ended December 31st, 1957.
Two cities commenced comprehensive city planning, assisted by the Division, preliminary to the engagement by one city of a staff consultant and by the other of a summer
student. They continued the work as started by the Division, and this, in the case of the
summer student, included the information used by the Division in formulating a zoning
by-law for the city.
The community planning provisions of Part XXI of the " Municipal Act " take the
place of the " Town Planning Act," and various changes are thereby necessitated in
municipal by-laws, particularly with reference to Boards of Appeal. Accordingly, all
municipalities were notified and advised on the proper changes to make in their local
legislation. In most cases the amended or new by-laws were forwarded to the Division
for review and correction.
Thirty-five zoning, building, and subdivision by-laws and problems related thereto
were received for consideration and advice.
The help of the Division was sought on many subdivision matters. In some cases,
comments and suggestions only were required; in others, complete subdivision designs
were prepared. These latter included one for the Village of Fort St. John, containing
50 acres in which provision was made for 190 lots, all of which will shortly be built on
by Pacific Petroleum Company, and one for the City of Duncan, which is now a Federal-
Provincial land assembly project. This is 47 acres in area and comprises 160 lots. For
the District of Salmon Arm, a sketch was prepared to serve as a master plan to guide
toward an orderly layout of the independent resubdivision of larger parcels into smaller
parcels.    This plan covered over a quarter-section of land.
REGULATED AREAS
In North Saanich Regulated Area a new land-use classification was added to the
zoning subdivisions, and the Dawson Creek Regulated Area was increased by the addition of eight quarter-sections. The inspectional system was changed in Prince George,
Quesnel, and Dawson Creek Regulated Areas, separate inspectors being engaged to do
the work instead of using the services of officials of the adjoining municipalities, as had
been done previously.
Some minor changes have been made in the zoning of Nanaimo Regulated Area to
conform with the plans of the Greater Nanaimo Planning Board.
The Regulated Area of Golden was absorbed into the newly organized village of
the same name, and it is the intention of the village authorities that physical developments
shall continue to follow very closely the lines set out in the regulations establishing the
former regulated area.
All plans for subdivisions in regulated areas are checked by the local inspector
before being approved by the approving officer. Cases where he is not sure that the road
provision is satisfactory or is capable of improvement, or where the question is one of
interpretation of the subdivision regulations, he refers to this office for consideration and
possible suggestions. r
REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL AFFAIRS
FF 19
Similarly, all applications for rezoning are heard first by the local Boards of Appeal.
If satisfactory from a local point of view, the applications are further investigated and
reviewed in the light of technical considerations. Seventeen applications have been
approved.
In addition to matters of routine administration, particular matters of importance
for various reasons in different areas were given special attention. These included the
possible water-pollution effects of proposed subdivision developments in View Royal.
In this case, special precautions have been taken to avoid the possibility of contamination of Portage Inlet. Other matters dealt with included the provision of sites for industrial expansion, in the Dawson Creek area. Meetings were held with various officials
concerned, highway and Pacific Great Eastern Railway plans and possibilities were
investigated, and soil-bearing qualities ascertained before the required area boundaries
were determined and an industrial zone established.
The developments at Taylor attendant upon the establishing there of a large plant
by the Pacific Petroleum Company and of other industries led to the establishment of
a local area under the " Local Services Act." This permitted, among other things, the
making of subdivision regulations to prevent the spread of indiscriminate subdividing.
Statistics relating to building construction are given in the following table:—
Regulated Area
Year
Established
Value of All
Constructor!
in 1957
Number of
Residence
Permits
Only
Kelowna  __.
Vernon _	
Connaught Heights
View Royal	
North Saanich 	
Prince George District.
Nanaimo District	
Kamloops District	
Golden District1..	
Quesnel District	
Alberni	
Woodhaven.__	
Dawson Creek	
Campbell River...	
Thetis..	
Totals for year 1957.
1947
1947
1948
1948
1948
1949
1949
1950
1952
1952
1953
1954
1954
1955
1955
$906,488
387,621
80,595
174,810
294,625
603,325
1,597,503
1,000,700
193,180
117,225
30,000
19,813
74,626
191,987
$5,672,498
62
31
6
19
36
48
102
50
12
9
3
4
17
399
1 Golden incorporated as a village in 1957.
Contrary to the general picture of residential building across Canada, which shows
a 12-per-cent drop, the figures for regulated areas in British Columbia show an increase.
The total value of all construction increased by $170,000, and the number of residence
units increased by 16 per cent, bringing the total of residence units constructed to date to
3,934, as shown in the table below. The increase in building, being contrary to the
national trend, would appear to indicate that regulated areas are becoming popular places
to settle. Another reason is indicated in the permit information, which names 315 owners
as builders as against seventy-three where the work is to be done by contractors. This
information may be significant in other ways.
Ten years have now elapsed since the first regulated areas were established, and
I think that, by and large, experience shows them to have been justified.
Total construction to date has amounted to a value of $39,937,911; that is, almost
$40,000,000 worth of work has been done, and enough housing accommodation provided
to form a city larger than Nanaimo. Thanks to the regulations, these developments have
taken place in a much more orderly fashion and to a higher standard than almost certainly
would have been the case without them. FF 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Housing Units Provided in Regulated Areas
Regulated Area
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953
1954
1955
1956
1957
Total
129
15
167
51
18
7
17
116
29
6
20
58
8
170
43
28
3
25
39
46
152
24
15
4
20
26
75
120
24
11
9
5
16
25
189
81
35
8
20
29
22
6
19
33
93
83
63
9
33
35
18
8
26
18
44
91
78
5
27
1
13
50
14
3
18
32
31
107
90
10
25
1
1
149
1
3
70
14
4
12
39
23
99
60
14
21
5
3
1
65
35
7
19
36
57
108
52
13
10
3
4
17
250
64
View Royal 	
182
Prince George District.—  	
566
1,011
402
Quesnel District   -
136
4
11
182
2
Nakusp   	
3
144
260
407
336
308
399
390
364
535
365
426
3,934
GENERAL
It might be mentioned that during its initial operations the Nanaimo Planning Board
found it helpful to refer questions of organization and procedure to the Division; later its
planning advisers frequently consulted with the Division, particularly with regard to the
zoning of the part of the planning area within the Nanaimo Regulated Area.
Close relationship was maintained with the two other planning area officials and with
Provincial Government departments, and co-operation was freely extended.
The influence and interests of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway in settlements in
the Peace River area were given attention with a view of taking the best planning action
indicated.
J. H. Doughty-Davies,
Director, Regional Planning Division.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
in right of the Province of British Columbia.
1958
860-258-4102

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