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THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA THIRTY-FIFTH ANNUAL REPORT STATISTICS, 1956 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1958

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 THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THIRTY-FIFTH
ANNUAL REPORT
STATISTICS,  1956
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1957  To His Honour Frank Mackenzie Ross, C.M.G., M.C, LL.D.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province oj British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Thirty-fifth Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1956.
ROBERT W. BONNER,
A ttorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., March 31st, 1957. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page
Report of Fire Marshal     5
Table I.—Inspections Made and Orders Issued by Local Assistant Fire Marshals     7
Table II.—Fires Reported     8
Construction of Buildings Burned     9
Table III.—Causes of Fires    10
Table IV.—Classification of Property Burned and Causes  11
Table V.—Summary  22
Table VI.—Ten-year Comparative Statement of Fire Losses  22
Table VII.—Loss of Life, 1947-56  23 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL
Office of the Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1957.
The Honourable Robert W. Bonner, Q.C.,
Attorney-General, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith the Thirty-fifth Annual Report of the Fire Marshal
for the year ended December 31st, 1956.
It is with extreme regret that I must report that eighty-five persons—thirty-eight men,
sixteen women, and thirty-one children—lost their lives through fire in the past year, and
in this respect renewed efforts are being made by all members of the staff, together with
our fire departments, toward public fire-prevention education as a means of reducing this
tragic loss.
Property losses rose from $10,889,620 in 1955 to $15,308,745 in 1956, an increase
of 41 per cent. There is little doubt that increased activity through development of our
Province, resulting in industrial expansion and increased population, in some measure
accounts for the increased loss, but with inflationary values the picture is not quite as bad
as it appears.
There were 7,838 fires during 1956, including 2,935 from smokers' carelessness,
which still ranks far ahead of any other known cause of fire.
Our Investigation Branch has shown greatly increased activity with more than usual
success. There were 278 investigations, with four official inquiries, thirteen prosecutions
for arson and allied crimes resulting in ten convictions, two committals, and one acquittal.
There were also eight prosecutions under the " Fire Marshal Act " and regulations made
pursuant thereto. Our Inspectors made many inspections during the year and supervised
290 Local Assistant Fire Marshals, who made 80,145 inspections and issued 875 orders
to remedy fire-hazards.
Our travelling fire department instructional units continued their instruction of 106
fire departments, giving each department eighteen hours of instruction. The value of
this training is inestimable and is reflected in the improved quality of local fire organization.   Twenty-one firemen qualification examinations were also held during the year.
Our engineering service provided members of the engineering and architectural profession with advice consistent with the " Fire Marshal Act " and regulations and examined
innumerable plans relating to construction. Our staff also gave advice relative to mechanical devices such as oil-burners and compressed-gas burners and supervised approval
of construction and installations of oil-refineries, tank-farms, and service-stations. In all,
some 1,100 plans were approved by this branch.
The usual assistance was extended shipping interests regarding hazardous cargoes
and fire-protection aspects of ship construction.
Our responsibility under the Theatre Regulations resulted in thirty-seven examinations for projectionists, together with the approval of ten theatre construction and installation plans.
I am happy to report the successful conclusion of the fire department apparatus,
hydrant, and hose thread conversion project. This major scheme has taken three years
to complete and will cost in the neighbourhood of $300,000. It will be the subject of
an additional joint report to you and Civil Defence authorities when costing and accounting are completed. All areas of British Columbia are now on the thread specification
known as the British Columbia standard thread, making possible, to any desired extent,
mutual aid between fire services.
5
2 G 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA
I would like to take this opportunity to thank the members of the various fire and
police departments, the National Harbours Board, Civil Defence organizations, and my
own staff for their sincere and excellent help and co-operation during the past year.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
BASIL NIXON,
Fire Marshal. REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1956
G 7
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAL
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS
City Municipalities (36)
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
53
283
99
41
55
28
134
13
158
993
378
30
1,216
1
6
4
1
3
Nelson	
425
6,095
1,808
256
352
648
142
17
2,005
32,164
255
13,865
155
399
7
Penticton        	
1
Port Alberni	
11
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody— 	
Prince George      .
Prince Rupert 	
Revelstoke 	
1
Rossland -	
Salmon Arm	
Trail	
g
Kimberley  	
Ladysmith..	
Langley     —
Vancouver     -
Vernon „  	
31
1
34
61,513
663
District Municipalities (30)
Burnaby 	
4,363
391
21
159
141
16
925
3
78
11
~~4
2
4
990
2,376
356
234
2,129
4
4
501
56
98
3
Hale Ray
18
Pe.acManti
Coquitlam         	
Delta _   	
Esquimalt— 	
8
1
32
Richmond	
Salmon Arm     	
Glenmore
Kent...    .
Spallumcheen	
	
Surrey	
3
Maple Ridge  —
Matsqui  - — .
Tadanac         	
Totals— 	
12,845
91
Village Municipalities (53)
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay..	
Ashcroft	
Burns Lake	
Campbell River..
Castlegar-
Chapman Camp-
Comox	
Creston 	
Dawson Creek-
Fort St. James-
Fort St. John—
Fruitvale-
Gibsons Landing	
Harrison Hot Springs..
Hazelton	
Hope 	
Invermere-
Keremeos—
Kinnaird	
Lake Cowichan-
Lillooet	
Lumby	
Lytton-	
Marysville	
Mission City	
Montrose	
16
108
21
18
58
36
199
32
79
52
24
46
46
2
103
4
32
McBride	
New Denver	
North Kamloops-
Oliver- 	
Osoyoos	
Parksville	
Pemberton-
Pouce Coupe-
Princeton	
Qualicum Beach-
Quesnel	
Salmo	
Sechelt	
Sidney	
Silverton	
Smithers	
Squamish	
Stewart 	
Telkwa	
Terrace	
Tofino	
Ucluelet	
Vanderhoof-
Warfield	
Williams Lake~
Zeballos	
Totals-
5
4
-
16
5
4
53
	
177
5
53
10
46
	
400
26
16
2
215
21
	
13
2
46
1
96
2
	
2,024
110 G 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAL
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS—Continued
Fire Districts (19)
Inspections I   Orders
Inspections I   Orders
Cariboo, County of_
Colwood	
District Lot 172_
loco	
Kelowna- 	
Kootenay, County of-
Langford..
Nanaimo, County of_
Ocean Falls	
Prince George	
30
22
147
48
95
122
Prince Rupert, County of~
Sooke	
University Area-
Vancouver, County of-
Vernon	
Victoria, County of_
View Royal-
Westminster, County of_
Yale, County of.	
Totals-
3,002
252
44
3,763
11
Grand totals, 1956-
Grand totals, 1955-
Grand totals, 1954-
Grand totals, 1953-
Grand totals, 1952...
Grand totals, 1951...
Grand totals, 1950-
Grand totals, 1949-
Grand totals, 1948-
Grand totals, 1947-
Inspections
 80,145
— 78,523
— 78,284
 78,885
— 80,573
— 82,321
 82,526
— 85,081
  83,918
— 74,477
Orders
875
825
801
562
345
644
1,206
1,649
1,976
1,596
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED
City Municipalities (36)
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
Alberni	
Armstrong	
Chilliwack	
Courtenay	
Cranbrook	
Cumberland-
Duncan	
Enderby	
Fernie 	
Grand Forks-
Greenwood-	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Kimberley	
Ladysmith	
Langley	
Merritt	
Nanaimo	
17
5
37
25
7
5
28
7
17
11
3
60
3
89
22
13
$20,561
273
53,632
31,406
7,392
458
9,691
356
52,736
4,874
236
12,918
1,351
29,063
8,047
3,429
840
15,091
17.534
Nelson-
New Westminster-
North Vancouver...
Penticton	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Salmon Arm	
Slocan	
Trail-
Vancouver-
Vernon	
Victoria	
Totals-
33
204
115
45
42
9
7
62
49
30
12
14
1
30
2,610
34
486
4,251
$6,634
287,646
39,617
25,663
24,578
2,578
18,453
43,594
155,485
6,844
12,394
225,794
25
149,224
3,069,482
34,174
440,380
$4,812,453
'"
' REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956
G 9
TABLE IL—FIRES REPORTED—Continued
District Municipalities (30)
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
Burnaby	
Central Saanich..
Chilliwhack	
Coldstream	
Coquitlam	
Delta	
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills..
Glenmore..
Kent	
Kitimat	
Langley-
Maple Ridge-
Matsqui	
Mission	
North Cowichan..
419
10
33
6
76
31
56
2
4
6
56
32
45
25
18
36
$613,601
4,569
136,646
7,268
118,771
14,501
12,062
5,633
5,208
9,044
941,945
74,691
106,794
47,655
52,510
38,337
North Vancouver-
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Pitt Meadows-
Powell River	
Richmond	
Saanich	
Salmon Arm	
Spall umcheen..
Sumas	
Summerland..
Surrey	
Tadanac	
West Vancouver-
150
111
1
48
114
265
14
4
5
14
251
62
105
$105,582
11,420
4,429
123,105
241,698
37,377
271,988
27,128
6,307
4,567
316,552
15,630
82,268
Totals..
1,999   $3,437,286
Village Municipalities (53 )
5
1
4
2
22
6
1
4
4
29
2
5
1
1
2
4
20
4
3
4
1
~~19
1
4
$222
12,400
23,080
250
2,222
12,446
97
838
4,635
159,097
88
19,170
1,050
576
2,395
1,981
14,117
11
14
3
4
2
13
8
22
2
4
4
23
6
5
5
22
2
9
16
1
Al-rt Ray
$5,297
Oliver	
20,852
1,383
7,718
Pouce Coupe
118
Princeton	
53,978
15,017
Quesnel
48,519
Salmo. .
Fnrf St, T"hn
Sechelt	
4,507
1,118
412
Smithers
28,241
Squamish	
56,817
Stewart
15,311
Telkwa
8,643
112,481
1,545
13,923
8,579
4,958
Warfleld..            . ..   .
6,498
80
Williams Lake
98,469
20
Mission City	
35,802
11
8,475
Totals
325
$813,436
McBride 	
Fire Districts (19)
Cariboo, County of_
Colwood	
District Lot 172_
loco	
Kelowna- _.
Kootenay, County of_
Langford-
Nanaimo, County of~
Ocean Falls	
Prince George-
Prince Rupert, County of_
283
14
7
17
152
26
241
23
64
$1,452,389
1,038
16,910
66,302
1,111,015
11,891
1,194,471
17,454
979,016
Sooke-
University Area-
Vancouver, County of._
Vernon	
Victoria, County of_
View Royal-
Westminster, County of_
Yale, County of	
Totals-
Grand totals..
2
17
64
57
24
28
244
1,263
7,838
$90
1,773
571,094
177,391
42,770
69,673
532,293
$6,245,570
$15,308,745
Fire-resistive	
Brick, concrete, or heavy timber-
Wood frame-
Construction of Buildings Burned    Number
Metal or corrugated iron-
Totals	
57
343
6,387
1,051
7,838
Amount of Loss
$659,246
2,037,291
11,963,273
648,935
$15,308,745 G 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount
of Loss
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount
of Loss
Acetylene equipment, carelessness
with	
Ashes against wood	
Asphalt boiling over..	
Broken gasoline-line	
Broken oil-line .	
Candle carelessness —
Candy-kettle boiling over	
Car upset .
Children playing with fire— 	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe-
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-stoker back-firing	
Collision 	
Curtains from stove	
Defective acetylene equipment	
Defective brooder 	
Defective chimney	
Defective fireplace	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe	
Defective muffler	
Defective oil-burner	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Defective stove or stove-pipe -
Defective wiring ,
Dust explosion	
Electrical appliances	
Engine back-firing	
Exposure	
Film breaking at the aperture	
Fireworks	
Flame-thrower,  carelessness in the
use of 	
Friction in machinery	
Friction in pulley	
Friction on brake-drum	
Friction on conveyer-belt	
Friction on tires	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in the use of	
Furnace    or    furnace-pipe   insufficiently protected  —
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)...
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural) 	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car	
26
63
1
13
2
39
1
15
16
86
1
2
16
1
1
2
267
25
11
2
45
72
22
24
5
488
48
182
1
30
2
5
1
7
1
7
1
49
11
19
91
29
5
$174,850
44,138
2,738
10,183
700
24,866
3,523
36,510
1,986
23,902
2,000
354
17,075
25
236
945
514,855
12,024
9,769
498
69,192
34,748
47,033
194,224
1,390
270,007
13,659
517,343
10
2,741
3,714
7,563
314
2,191
8,556
12,894
500
59,470
13,692
30,997
168,243
11,560
6,159
Gasoline-torch carelessness..
Gasoline-vapour explosion-
Grease on stove	
Heat radiation	
Ignition of inflammable vapours	
Ignition of oil	
Incendiary-
Kerosene carelessness..
Lamp upset	
Lightning-
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with..
Molten metal—	
Motor-cycle upset-
Oil-burner explosion-
Overheating of machinery bearings-
Overheating of smoke-kiln	
Sawdust-burner back-firing..
Sawdust-burner insufficiently protected	
Short circuit „ 	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene equipment-
Sparks from boiler	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from bush fire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from engine-
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe.
Sparks from grinder.
Sparks from locomotive	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe-
Spontaneous ignition..
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected..
Stove explosion-
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently
protected.  .	
Stove upset 	
Tar boiling over-
Tarpaulin igniting from heater-
Thawing pipes	
Unknown.. 	
Wood too near stove„
18
46
269
8
23
1
104
8
3
12
70
167
4
1
54
3
1
17
2
529
2,935
50
5
133
3
134
3
313
21
3
1
22
95
40
1
4
203
1
8
1
31
753
3
$389,944
283,101
74,164
5,658
668,807
60,999
301,624
14,359
2,690
8,521
12,270
154,623
11,349
135
122,859
4,321
482
29,690
8,424
502,042
1,016,970
515,621
106,619
183,884
1,093
177,324
43,505
14,674
15,142
1,710
700
383,117
57,841
217,631
25
50,402
285,537
2,819
7,199
425
76,602
7,134,773
1,693
Totals-
$15,308,745 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956 G 11
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Apartments 	
326
1
1
2
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
3
1
$150,375
75
131
80
4,566
83
309
1,254
1,436
16,982
6,250
189
13,500
150
1,414
1,612
102,428
1,097
21,110
638
2,497
29,706
75
3,205
2,830
297
13,143
43,489
39,673
Clothes too near stove  	
5
1
.     .        9
Defective fireplace                                   -
1
1
-   ■
8
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure        ■
16
7
-    ..       1
; ;
Gas explosion (manufactured)  -     ~ - -
1
1
Gasoline-torch carelessness  	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
1
1
       9
       8
        4
5
        3
    to
Smokers' carelessness        	
183
1
5
Sparks from chimney   	
11
6
Spontaneous ignition 	
2
6
Unknown       	
Gasoline carelessness    -	
Smokers' carelessness - ..:-—
Asphalt boiling over   - 	
16
1
1
1
1
$458,594
400
201
$2,738
10
60
946
1
2,748
Automobile courts
$46
2,026
360
145
1,256
35
632
123
600
2,374
29
3,061
82,366
Clothes too near stove  	
1
2
Defective oil-burning equipment  	
Electrical appliances  	
2
5
1
Gasoline-torch carelessness 	
2
1
■
        1
Smokers' carelessness   	
Sparks from fireplace  -	
27
1
8
Unknown    - 	
8
9
93,053
Automobiles
$4,149
476
9,908
36,510
17,075
75
1,544
1,429
9,070
8,056
48
263
2,141
2,869
36,506
11,382
1,578
20,962
125
6,088
11,235
550
1,491
1,313
98,448
33,898
7
.   .     11
15
16
Defective muffler . —    .
Defective wiring     - —
Electrical appliances     -
1
4
14
33
Exposure -	
Fireworks
Flame-thrower, carelessness in the use of   	
14
1
1
6
Friction on tires    . -	
Gasoline carelessness     „
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe  -. „
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
Gasoline-vapour explosion  .
4
28
28
2
15
Heat radiation
Ignition of inflammable vapours    -
Incendiary —  .
Kerosene carelessness	
2
1
16
1
Match carelessness	
s
Matches, children with
7
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
263
314 G 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Bakeries .
Banks
Barges
Barns _
Bath-houses .
Blacksmith-shops .
Boarding-houses   .
Boat-houses	
Bottling-works —-
Bowling-alleys   —
Bridges	
Bulldozers .
Bunk-houses
Buses
Chemical plants .
Churches .—
Clubs
Coal-piles
20
Sparks from acetylene equipment .
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from mill burner	
Spontaneous ignition	
Unknown 	
102
Exposure  — 	
Spontaneous ignition
Unknown	
Exposure 	
Smokers' carelessness
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
Defective wiring	
Incendiary 	
Matches, children with 	
Short circuit    	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown 	
18
Defective chimney
Unknown 	
Exposure  -
Unknown -
Unknown -
Incendiary
Unknown ..
Electrical appliances
Exposure 	
Ignition of oil	
Tar boiling over 	
Tarpaulin igniting from heater
Sparks from bonfire
Unknown	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment .
Defective stove 	
Defective wiring .
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)-
Gasoline carelessness 	
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Oil-burner explosion	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Stove insufficiently protected	
Unknown 	
Engine back-firing
Unknown	
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Candle carelessness	
Electrical appliances .
Furnace insufficiently protected
Incendiary 	
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner explosion	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown 	
Smokers' carelessness .
Unknown 	
1    Spontaneous ignition
$6,890
5,686
292
168
91,457
$28,834
11,310
281
$1,424
725
$9,906
700
25
1,402
623
7,500
17,100
7,500
46,962
$887
874
$1,992
41,853
$42
4,747
$60,999
2,560
425
$1,436
24,976
$2,276
233
125
5,487
626
76
1,900
7,400
36,195
1,540
87
388
115,719
$232
100
$20,733
496
195
32
1,625
65
62
75
49,950
$92,126
39,436
$421,682
40,425
2,149
100
91,718
1,761
2,000
109
2,375
43,845
4,789
63,984
26,412
172,052
332
142
73,233
131,562
15,634 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956
G 13
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
1
Unknown
1
1
	
$40,724
1
2
1,828
Unknown     	
2
1
3,436
3
3
12
$7,040
50
1,352
Friction on brake-drum
1
1
Coal-gas explosion	
Oil-burner explosion   	
1
1
1
8,442
Dairies     	
$2,000
104
44
5
2,148
Dry-cleaning plants
$2,313
1,480
1,369
5,279
2,494
4,689
2
6
1
2
Spontaneous ignition	
1
3
1
12,935
$10
38,409
3,908
1,232
21,473
25
131,012
11,941
8,399
23,353
26,617
24,113
26,630
110,509
94,406
1,873
500
42,082
2,021
10,711
13,763
16,476
40,020
50,285
5,533
20,017
66,547
13,809
759
2,542
3,905
72,217
98,680
28,250
8,424
103,901
261,935
10
22,968
710
110,652
14,071
9,363
12,564
39,086
22,559
311
168,410
18,869
718,435
971
41
..     34
....     12
. -
74
-
1
.■
.   .  225
..    24
,
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe	
8
24
.. ..     41
16
11
Electrical appliances	
Exposure    	
Fireworks   	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in the use of —	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
373
65
25
1
      41
4
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)    ....
Gasoline carelessness    	
Gasoline-torch carelessness    	
Gasoline-vapour explosion       	
Grease on stove	
Heat radiation
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Tnrendiary
      14
25
7
6
233
6
6
32
7
2
Lightning
Match carelessness    	
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner explosion 	
7
49
113
34
16
7
"
Short  circuit
Smokers' carelessness  _ _.
Sparks from acetylene equipment     .   .   .
Sparks from  honfire
137
1,970
1
54
2
Sparks from chimney  . „
Sparks from fireplace _	
97
303
17
Sparks from mill hnrner
3
76
Spontaneous ignition 	
15
2
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
Thawing pipes                                	
Unknown „ _.  .   .
Wood too near sfnve.
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
 144
21
265
2
1
2,525,266
P.lprtriral rppair-shnps
$1,033
1,987
Electrical appliances
Short circuit
Unknown
1
1
5
3,020
16,114
Electric-light plants
$4,212
11,902 G 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Electric-light poles
Engines
Factories (bed spring)	
Factories (bolt-manufacturing)-
Factories (can) 	
Factories (candy) 	
Factories (cement blocks)
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Fences ...
(clay products)
(furniture) 	
(mattress) 	
(paint)  	
(paper box)
(paper products)
(pre-cast concrete)..
(rag)
(rock-wool insulation)
(sash and door)	
(saw-filing)   	
(upholstery felt) 	
(wooden box) 	
Fertilizer plants —
Film exchanges —
Fish-curing plants
Fishing-boats  	
Foundries
Garages (private)
89
Sparks from bonfire
Unknown 	
Short circuit.
Unknown 	
Ignition of inflammable vapours
Unknown 	
Spontaneous ignition	
Candy-kettle boiling over 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Sparks from chimney
Unknown  _
Oil-burner explosion
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Ignition of inflammable vapours
Unknown 	
Friction in pulley
Unknown  	
Short circuit 	
Molten metal	
Short circuit	
Unknown 	
Friction in machinery
Unknown 	
Exposure    	
Smokers' carelessness „
Sparks from bonfire	
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
Defective  oil-burning  equipment
Overheating of smoke-kiln 	
Defective muffler 	
Defective oil-burner  	
Engine back-firing 	
Gasoline carelessness  _
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Oil-burner   explosion   	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected -
Unknown   _ 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Exposure   	
Sparks from furnace 	
Sparks from grinder
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown   	
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
Ashes against wood 	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Incendiary    	
Match carelessness 	
Matches, children with	
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness    _
Sparks from acetylene equipment _
Sparks from bonfire  	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from stove
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Tar boiling over   _
Unknown      	
2
6
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
5
1
2
1
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
5
4
11
1
1
1
3
2
11
5
4
1
8
2
1
4
1
22
$372
50
$500
100
$3,523
380
$25
10,000
$70
70
248
16
$423
400
1,200
395
6,070
3,500
105
1,242
46,138
$280
120
4,999
414
562
1,015
$193
680
1,628
2,247
10
10
7,319
26,101
507
2,202
3,318
1,687
10
1,971
175
850
12,126
2,029
14,575
$422
600
3,078
473,843
170
3,903
10,025
60
1,838
63
300
227,824
314
286
100
11,063
193
472
277
50,360
404
7,164
409
482
59,473
7,390
77,638 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956
G 15
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Garages (public)
33
Gas-manufacturing plants
Gasoline-stations 	
Gravel-pits   -
Greenhouses
Halls.
21
Hospitals
Hotels
12
182
House-boats
Launches
11
Acetylene equipment,
Defective chimney 	
Electrical  appliances
Exposure
carelessness with
Gasoline carelessness  	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car _
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Incendiary - — _
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness —  	
Sparks from acetylene equipment
Sparks from chimney 	
Unknown   _	
Gas explosion  (manufactured)   	
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Gasoline carelessness   —	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car
Gasoline-vapour  explosion	
Incendiary    _ 	
Short circuit  -	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from acetylene equipment
Unknown - 	
Tar boiling over - 	
Defective chimney 	
Defective furnace  	
Defective oil-burner 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Clothes too near stove
Defective chimney	
Defective wiring  	
Fireworks   - —
Incendiary
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from chimney
Sparks from stove 	
Spontaneous  ignition
Unknown 	
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Match  carelessness  	
Matches, children with  	
Short circuit  —
Smokers' carelessness 	
Unknown   —
Defective chimney  	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure    _ 	
Fireworks   	
Incendiary
ShoTt circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from furnace	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burner 	
Matches, children with 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Defective oil-burning equipment _..
Defective stove 	
Exposure
Gasoline-vapour explosion
3
2
2
6
2
1
3
2
2
2
2
1
5
1
1
1
2
4
3
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
4
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
3
5
1
3
2
3
2
1
6
3
148
1
2
1
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
$800
465
25,881
13,992
4,775
306
1,477
11,260
4,896
3,629
89,950
291
62,460
$273
40
3,378
5,853
306
3,898
313
167
99
634
$210
750
400
1,000
117
$93
4,100
2,420
350
1,010
5,916
15,604
2,843
17
158
123,398
$100
2,533
108
896
5,954
339
$100,185
298
229
1,399
360
401
704
16,727
500
37,392
160
231
233,075
$7,396
700
100
$5
600
2,170
8,321
$220,182
10,000
14,961
100
2,477
155,909
9,930
391,661
8,196 G 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
1
$58
1
10,000
1
350
2
32,496
$54,000
1
$41
2
196
1
126
1
8,344
8,707
1
$11,460
1
37,377
1
41,557
2
1,738
3
81,769
1
10,940
11
530,717
715,558
1
$100
2
2,655
2,755
?
8,884
2
$36,728
1
100
1
964
4
208,214
1
7,828
253,834
1
2,875
1
$661
1
675
1
9,504
1
12,100
2
827,880
850,820
11
$1,964
4
698
1
178
1
150
1
135
3
102
1
400
3,627
1
$3,451
1
810
1
300
1
150
4,711
1
$13
1
916
2
450
1
800
2
343
6
19,525
1
100
1
2,063
2
148
1
2,466
2
60
2
1,878
2
15
10
2,006
1
2,605
1
50
1
5,034
1
350
1
40
1
441
1
822
9
25,060
65,185
1
$6,661
1
2,335
Laundries
Logging camps .
20
Lumber-piles
Lumber-yards -
Machine-shops
Metal-salvage plants .
Mining properties	
Motor-cycles
22
Mushroom-houses
Offices .
50
'
Paper
-mills
Match carelessness .
Short circuit	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown	
Defective chimney 	
Electrical   appliances
Exposure
Sparks from boiler -
Defective oil-burner
Defective wiring .
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit	
Sparks from bonfire ...
Sparks from chimney .
Unknown 	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire —.
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances .
Exposure
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Sparks from acetylene equipment .
Stove insufficiently protected	
Sparks from acetylene equipment.
Engine back-firing .	
Sparks from bonfire	
Spontaneous ignition .
Stove insufficiently protected .
Unknown	
Engine back-firing	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe _.
Gasoline-vapour explosion .
Motor-cycle upset	
Short circuit	
Unknown	
Flame-thrower, carelessness in the use of .
Gasoline carelessness 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown	
Defective furnace	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment .
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances	
Exposure
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum) .
Ignition of inflammable vapours	
Lightning	
Match carelessness	
Oil-burner explosion	
Short circuit	
Smokers* carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene equipment.
Sparks from bonfire ,	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from stove .
Spontaneous ignition	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes	
Unknown	
Electrical appliances .
Exposure	 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956
G 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Piggeries
Plaster-mixing machines .
Plating-works	
Poolrooms	
Poultry-houses 	
Power-houses
Power-shovels ...
Printing plants .
Pulp-mills	
Pump-houses
Railway cars -
Refineries (oil)
Restaurants	
45
Rinks (curling)	
Rinks (ice-skating)
Rock-crushers	
Rooming-houses	
1
1
1
127
Friction in machinery	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene equipment.
Sparks from chimney	
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances .
Short circuit	
Stove insufficiently protected .
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Sparks from grinder -
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Ashes against wood	
Candle carelessness 	
Children playing with fire	
Defective brooder	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment .
Electrical appliances 	
Lightning
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner explosion	
Sawdust-burner back-firing
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bonfire	
Tar boiling over	
Thawing pipes _ 	
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit _  	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from stove  _
Unknown  	
Engine back-firing	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Overheating of machinery bearings .
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances
Short circuit	
Thawing pipes	
Unknown 	
Electrical appliances
Incendiary 	
Lamp upset
Overheating of machinery bearings
Sparks from stove 	
Exposure .
Unknown
Defective chimney
Defective oil-burning equipment .
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure .
Gas explosion (manufactured)
Grease on stove	
Incendiary
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Short circuit
Unknown
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Ashes against wood	
Defective chimney	
$3,600
1,175
1,400
350
3,796
$890
485
301
600
$705
125
300
945
200
805
85
898
10
2,500
1,440
357
1,620
10
410
25,971
$135,943
13,700
124
6,025
4,500
$3,298
128
$300
5,542
400
14,592
$100
65
1,931
800
4,500
339
$16
57
768
9,616
167
13,808
310
110
3,562
2,512
57,684
$2,063
930
$19,317
2,276
100
338
300
36,381
160,292
532
64
3,426
20,834
7,396
428
88,610
222
84,728
6,000 G 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Sawmills
121
Schools .
24
Sheds
148
Defective oil-burner -
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances .
Exposure
Furnace insufficiently protected
Gas explosion (manufactured) .
Grease on stove — 	
Incendiary     	
Oil-burner explosion   —
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire
Sparks from chimney -
Sparks from fireplace
Sparks from stove
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown   	
Wood too near stove .
Defective acetylene equipment .
Defective oil-burner	
Dust explosion 	
Electrical appliances 	
Friction in machinery .
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline-torch carelessness  	
Incendiary 	
Matches, children with	
Overheating of machinery bearings
Short circuit - 	
Smokers' carelessness  	
Sparks from acetylene equipment .
Sparks from boiler	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from bush fire - —
Sparks from engine  - 	
Sparks from grinder	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from stove	
Spontaneous ignition .
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown 	
Ashes against wood —
Defective oil-burner -
Defective stove-pipe -.
Electrical appliances
Exposure .
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline-torch carelessness .
Grease on stove	
Incendiary  	
Matches, children with 	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Spontaneous ignition -
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown   	
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with .
Ashes against wood  —
Candle carelessness 	
Children playing with fire
Clothes too near stove	
Defective stove	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary 	
Match carelessness .
45
$1,791
453
916
39
9
9,930
294
7,136
223
8,341
15,806
100
444
197
18
136
846
722
$236
2,110
300
18,925
3,093
246
36,664
25,733
50
29,480
223
103,998
2,190
198,001
98,275
18,300
383
42,505
958
370,161
5,000
14,872
850
997,548
$237
3,538
8,500
97
280
16,783
338,498
5,771
137
25
226
7,405
10,301
1,700
137,724
$281
1,529
25
408
60
58
523
496
2,115
352
295
1,596
1,250
$50,394
1,970,101
531,222 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1956
G 19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
1
      15
$2,459
8,140
3,386
327
16,320
5,250
1,000
1,220
987
15,527
2,819
34,482
Short circuit -	
Smokers' carelessness   - - 	
4
- ..     11
2
„   ..       18
2
Sparks from engine    —  	
Sparks from stove        	
1
4
3
        8
1
Unknown  _	
Unknown  -	
Friction in machinery  	
Friction on conveyer-belt	
      42
1
        1
        1
1
$100,905
37,880
$443
8,556
100
65,220
Shingle-mills
5
3
1
54
Unknown  -	
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with	
2
1
74,319
Ships 	
$10,000
45
24,950
Smokers' carelessness	
1
1
        1
2
34,995
2,391
Shipyards
$700
219
600
1,090
1,023
50
626,285
2,600
286
20
4,078
2,475
250
620
50
25
50,000
50
21,622
Broken oil-line -        	
1
2
Defective oil-burner	
2
           2
4
Electrical appliances      	
6
1
Ignition of inflammable vapours	
Lightning ■    _	
2
2
       3
1
Oil-burner explosion	
Short circuit      	
Sparks from acetylene equipment 	
16
4
1
Sparks from furnace    	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected -        	
       2
1
           1
1
Thawing pipes  	
Unknown  ' 	
        1
           2
1
712,043
872
1
$700
112
247
Unknown „.          	
Ashes against wood -    ...
          1
1
812
Stores 	
$39
119
268,169
2,792
1,160
104,907
42,419
186,814
110
150
10,110
3,452
8,173
11,852
1,021
23
20,928
15
169
5,527
3,284
281,054
2,598
12,164
473
Clothes too near stove	
Defective chimney „ „	
        3
6
Defective oil-burning equipment
Defective stove - 	
6
1
Defective wiring       —	
Electrical appliances — 	
        1
14
Exposure     	
27
2
Friction in machinery       .
1
2
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)	
2
3
Gasoline-vapour explosion   „
1
3
Ignition of inflammable vapours	
Incendiary
Lightning  	
1
       6
    .       1
4
Oil-burner explosion
Short circuit „    . .„ ■    . .
Smokers' carelessness        	
Sparks from acetylene equipment 	
3
      10
108
3
1
1 G 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Stores and apartments
Stores and dwellings .
Stores and offices .
Stores and rooms
Tar-pots 	
Telephone exchanges
Theatres .
Tractors
45
35
17
26
43
Sparks from stove	
Spontaneous ignition .
Stove explosion .
Stove insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes	
Unknown 	
Defective chimney —
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances
Exposure
Furnace insufficiently protected .
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Incendiary	
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner explosion	
Short circuit
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from chimney
Sparks from stove .
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Defective chimney —
Defective furnace	
Electrical appliances -
Exposure
Gasoline carelessness — _
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Grease on stove  	
Oil-burner explosion 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from fireplace 	
Sparks from stove .
Stove insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes  	
Unknown — 	
Exposure   —-  	
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Incendiary 	
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness
Spontaneous ignition -
Unknown 	
Defective chimney
Defective oil-burner .
Electrical appliances .
Exposure   	
Incendiary
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from fireplace
Sparks from stove —
Unknown 	
Tar boiling over	
Electrical appliances
Short circuit 	
Exposure  	
Film breaking at the aperture
Incendiary 	
Unknown 	
Acetylene equipment, carelessness with
Broken gasoline-line 	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
Short circuit 	
2
1
1
2
2
28
1
1
2
3
1
1
2
2
1
3
18
3
3
2
2
2
1
2
3
1
1
2
1
7
1
4
1
1
1
1
6
2
1
2
1
4
1
6
1
1
2
3
2
1
8
1
2
5
4
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
6
1
20
$105
15,361
91
434
47,286
402,971
$354
4,700
320
876
674
450
15,728
740
115
68
88,607
114
449
876
18,313
$1,433,770
$3,770
607
62
1,653
24,000
6,500
83
2,000
403
1,000
254
40
10
4,573
1,140
17,650
$3,584
3,331
18,060
281
13,097
14,774
291,887
$150
2,445
142
9,915
11,960
2,874
989
40
149
106,396
$5,307
17,500
$2,088
10
50
167,731
$596
275
4,325
377
46,057
132,384
63,745
345,014
135,060
2,500
22,807
169,879 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1956
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
G 21
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
       1
$129
Sparks from bonfire	
1
11
3,181
14,778
2
$2,600
Trestles            2
        1
3
        1
100
Friction on tires  —
10,025
1,953
            1
1,000
Smokers' carelessness —        1
200
250
100
Stove insufficiently protected 	
3
        5
        1
2,712
10,065
$700
1
2
7,000
$7,429
1
5,000
8,650
Unknown 	
       2
        1
Warehouses      52
$274
1
1,990
            1
12,477
        3
       -       6
6,625
103,325
Gasoline carelessness 	
        1
10
        1
 -       1
3
        3
            2
12,440
149
43,837
66,888
234
Oil-burner explosion  -	
Short circuit — -	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney   ,.,    	
         3
        5
126
66,221
_        3
3,608
      18
561,852
1
            10,000
$852
1
        1
900
1,095
Thawing pipes -	
            1
125
            1
Wharves ...       2
$27,872
              1
11,175
            2
              11,095
 .7,838
Totals '. 7,838
$15,308,745 G 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA
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Ov REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1956
TABLE VII.—LOSS OF LIFE,  1947-56
G 23
Occupancy
Cause of Fire
Loss of Life
Men
Women      Children
Apartment  	
Apartment  	
Automobile  	
Bridge    	
Bunk-house   	
Bunk-house   	
Bunk-house   	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling    -	
Dwelling	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling    	
Dwelling     	
Dwelling    	
Dwelling    	
Dwelling    	
Dwelling    -	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling   -	
Dwelling    	
Dwelling	
Fishing-boat   —	
Fishing-boat	
Garage  (private)
Hospital  ——	
Hotel  —
Hotel 	
Rock-crusher 	
Smelting plant  ...
Store and rooms
Warehouse   	
Wash-house 	
Yard  _	
Yard  	
Totals, 1956	
Totals, 1955-	
Totals, 1954.	
Totals, 1953	
Totals, 1952	
Totals, 1951	
Totals, 1950	
Totals, 1949	
Totals, 1948-	
Totals, 1947	
Ten-year totals .
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown	
Gasoline carelessness-	
Short circuit    — -	
Ignition of inflammable vapours .
Smokers' carelessness	
Stove insufficiently protected	
Candle carelessness 	
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Electrical appliances	
Gas explosion (manufactured) ...
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Incendiary ..
Kerosene carelessness	
Lamp upset- - 	
Matches, children with	
Oil-burner explosion	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from stove	
Stove insufficiently protected .....
Unknown.—	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown	
Gasoline carelessness.	
Smokers' carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness.....	
Sparks from chimney	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Ignition of inflammable vapours-
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Matches, children with	
Sparks from bonfire	
38
26
29
24
27
19
28
24
29
21
16
11
13
13
6
12
13
6
5
2
1
1
31
28
30
19
17
18
19
15
24
16
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1957
660-857-8830   

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