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THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA THIRTY-FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT STATISTICS, 1955 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1957

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 THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
THIRTY-FOURTH
ANNUAL REPORT
STATISTICS, 1955
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1956  To His Honour Frank Mackenzie Ross, C.M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Thirty-fourth Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1955.
ROBERT W. BONNER,
A ttorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., March 31st, 1956. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Paoe
Report of Fire Marshal  5
Table I.—Inspections Made and Orders Issued by Local Assistant Fire Marshals  6
Table II.—Fires Reported I  7
Construction of Buildings Burned  8
Table III.—Causes of Fires  9
Table IV.—Classification of Property Burned and Causes  10
Table V.—Summary  21
Table VI.—Ten-year Comparative Statement of Fire Losses  21
Table VII.—Loss of Life, 1946-55  22 REPORT OF THE FIRE .MARSHAL
Office of Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1956.
The Honourable Robert W. Bonner, Q.C.,
A ttorney-General,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith the Thirty-fourth Annual Report of the Fire Marshal
for the year ended December 31st, 1955. This is the first report I have made as Fire
Marshal, and it actually covers activities during the term of my predecessor, Mr. W. A.
Walker, who retired in December, 1955.
Following the pattern of the last ten years, the fire loss this year shows an increase,
and although this is most regrettable, yet a certain amount is unavoidable owing to the
rapid expansion of trade and industry throughout the Province. During 1955 there
were 7,643 fires, with a loss of $10,889,620, which is an increase of 549 fires and
$711,918 over 1954. However, it is noted that 2,889 fires were caused through the
carelessness of smokers, and the loss involved amounted to almost one-half million
dollars. This loss seems hardly justified, and it is hoped that our programme of fire-
prevention education will eventually result in greater control.
I am sorry to report that forty-nine of our fires took a toll of sixty-five lives—twenty-
six men, eleven women, and twenty-eight children. Although the number is still too high,
it is a slight decrease from 1954.
Our travelling instructional unit has seen a very active year. Five hundred and
seventeen paid firemen, 5,729 volunteers, and 370 auxiliary firemen have received training.   This training covered 1,485 hours, and as a result 564 certificates were issued.
Our fire investigators have been kept busy, with 780 investigations into fires of
unknown origin. After careful investigation, approximately 50 per cent of these fires
were found to be of accidental origin. There were nine official inquiries, eleven prosecutions for arson and allied crimes, with seven convictions, one committal, two acquittals,
and one case dismissed. There were also eleven prosecutions under the " Fire Marshal
Act " and regulations and eleven convictions.
Inspection work has kept up during the year through our own staff and through
the efforts of our Local Assistant Fire Marshals, who made 78,523 inspections and issued
825 orders.
Civil Defence commitments are being carried out according to instruction, and the
work is progressing favourably.
Two major surveys were commenced during 1955, one involving the properties of
the Powell River Company and the other a general survey of the fire-protection facilities
of the District of North Vancouver.
I would like to take this opportunity to thank the members of my staff and the many
fire and police departments for their help and co-operation.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
BASIL NIXON,
Fire Marshal. G 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAL
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS
City Municipalities (36)
Inspections
Orders
Inspections
Orders
20
190
170
163
65
47
220
39
425
43
1,062
410
78
25
1,215
~3
5
2
2
2
10
1
2
499
5,895
1,739
290
240
437
136
155
202
6
1,338
29,367
232
13,685
35
405
6
Revelstoke	
Rossland  	
2
Greenwood ■ „
7
Slocan-             _
Trail  	
3
Kimberley	
Vancouver 	
Vernon -  -   	
Victoria   .„   .
30
1
Langlev  	
19
58,393
535
District Municipalities (29)
Burnaby  - 	
4,506
58
585
130
125
163
17
1,054
65
80
257
15
18
~4
5
~-
2
1
81
839
2,062
42
2,054
3
20
16
652
67
123
13
3
Oak Bay 	
28
Peachland- -  .
Delta	
Richmond  	
10
3
Fraser Mills  '
Glenmore-	
Tfpnt
Salmon Arm — —
Spallumcheen..... 	
2
Langley._ - -	
Maple Ridge 	
Matsqui  _	
Surrey  _ - _.
TadanaC-	
20
Totals
13,014
109
Village Municipalities (49)
12
5
34
94
16
46
45
69
12
4
27
44
63
10
32
14
26
59
199
138
9
1
41
1
1
6
2
1
6
97
47
82
29
217
62
14
367
73
196
42
47
42
261
174
10
1
11
Oliver -     - 	
Osoyoos - —
Parksville
1
Castlegar _	
Princeton  —	
Qualicum Beach  	
50
2
Salmo _	
Sidney        	
Silverton	
Smithers. fc  —
2
Fort St. John 	
35
3
Harrison Hot Springs   	
Telkwa  	
2
Tofino	
Ucluelet-	
3
Warfleld-	
Westview  	
9
Zeballos	
Totals    	
2,724
172 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1955
G 7
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY LOCAL
ASSISTANT FIRE MARSHALS—Continued
Fire Districts (20)
Inspections     Orders
Inspections     Orders
Cariboo, County of-
Colwood	
District Lot 172..
loco	
Kelowna	
50
Kootenay, County of-
Langford
Nanaimo, County of -
Ocean Falls	
Powell River —
Prince George	
169
384
16
80
223
Prince Rupert, County of -
Sooke -   	
University Area	
Vancouver, County of_
Vernon  	
Victoria, County of_
View Royal—	
Westminster, County of~
Yale, County of	
Totals.
3,081
252
65
72
4,392
I
Grand totals, 1955-
Grand totals, 1954-
Grand totals, 1953„
Grand totals, 1952-
Grand totals, 1951-
Grand totals, 1950..
Grand totals, 1949..
Grand totals, 1948-
Grand totals, 1947-
Grand totals, 1946-
Inspections
— 78,523
.— 78,284
_ 78,885
.._. 80,573
_ 82,321
  82,526
_ 85,081
— 83,918
_ 74,477
— 50,904
Orders
825
801
562
345
644
1,206
1,649
1,976
1,596
1,096
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED
City Municipalities (36)
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
Alberni 	
22
9
25
27
15
11
21
8
9
12
1
73
2
69
21
20
11
12
108
$7,699
15,339
15,327
7,540
13,831
541
11,450
1,563
6,123
1,450
154
88,821
2,217
67,752
5,636
3,719
23,210
31,171
82,534
Nelson  - 	
34
185
100
78
37
14
13
63
32
25
18
9
1
28
2,649
34
477
$51,428
233,952
Chilliwack   	
North Vancouver 	
42,589
36,275
33,190
29,083
21,063
91,428
86,812
Revelstoke   	
4,805
28,206
4,565
525
Trail. ._  	
25,727
Vancouver -	
2,362,774
22,819
84,954
Totals	
4,273
$3,546,272 G 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED—Continued
District Municipalities (29)
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
District Reporting
Number
Amount
of Loss
429
10
29
8
69
45
59
1
6
10
29
44
41
32
23
$120,308
7,389
66,756
97,875
242,254
74,117
10,381
92
12,211
8,387
23,664
69,502
57,947
77,790
46,804
— 43
141
107
3
5
108
262
6
1
9
9
181
38
118
$25,298 "
252,335
Oak Bay	
24,974
Coldstream 	
Coquitlam. 	
Delta                    	
Peachland	
Pitt Meadows -	
Richmond—	
Saanich-.- -	
15,152
6,176
87,879
Esquimalt	
59,705
22,027
5,000
Kent	
Sumas — —	
6,841
493,264
Surrey- -	
Tadanac—'. 	
191,438
19,097
43,750
Totals 	
1,866
$2,168,413
Village Municipalities (49)
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay 	
Ashcroft 	
Burns Lake.—.	
Campbell River-
Castlegar...
Chapman Camp..
Comox	
Cranberry Lake..
Creston _
Dawson Creek-
Fort St. James...
Fort St. John —
Fruitvale	
Gibsons Landing ~
Harrison Hot SpringS-
Hope	
Invermere	
Kinnaird 	
Lake Cowichan-
Lillooet	
Lytton	
Marysville—:—
Mission City	
McBride	
9
1
1
2
20
4
1
4
4
5
14
1
4
4
2
3
1
8
4
6
2
6
12
3
$793
744
37
7,657
3,725
583
175
2,983
96
12,240
29,168
20
4,973
14,187
50
2,834
50
1,519
4,275
8,611
2,286
2,199
22,680
84
New Denver	
North Kamloops-
Oliver- 	
Osoyoos	
Parksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Princeton	
Qualicum Beach..
Quesnel	
Salmo 	
Sidney ,	
Silverton	
Smithers	
Squamish 	
Stewart- 	
Telkwa „: j	
Terrace 	
Tofino 	
Ucluelet	
Vanderhoof..
Warfield 	
Westview	
Williams Lake-
Zeballos	
Totals ..
1
10
9
10
4
3
15
6
27
4
13
3
13
4
2
1
21
3
1
2
3
27
9
1
$40
1,123
728
5,921
2,407
271
34,791
288
99,369
1,948
992
955
9,001
358
70,155
60
122,426
10,054
1,716"
195
9,575
8,187
4,266
14,703
$521,498
Fire Districts (20)
Cariboo, County of_
Colwood 	
District Lot 172-
Ioco	
Kelowna	
Kootenay, County of-
Langford-
Nanaimo, County of_
Ocean Falls	
Powell River	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert, County of~
247
20
4
2
9
124
29
248
21
6
65
$1,741,214
1,965
1,380
43
27,917
585,740
55,312
678,777
57,803
10,922
199,373
Sooke. 	
University Area 	
Vancouver, County of-
Vernon _ 	
Victoria, County of.	
View Royal ..
Westminster, County of-
Yale, County of	
Totals-
Grand totals..
21
90
52
12
40
201
1,191
7,643
$1,397
393,607
171,524
4,809
164,900
556,754
$4,653,437
$10,889,620
Fire-resistive —
Brick, concrete,
Wood frame
Construction of Buildings Burned
or heavy timber.
Metal or corrugated iron	
Totals  -
Number
50
- 318
- 6,471
...     804
7,643
Amount of Loss
$122,529
719,799
9,595,186
452,106
$10,889,620 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1955
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES
G 9
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount
of Loss
Causes of Fires
Number
Amount
of Loss
Acetylene-torch carelessness.—
Ashes against wood _	
Boiler insufficiently protected.
Broken gasoline-line.	
Broken oil-line 	
Candle carelessness..
Car upset-
Chemical explosion ■_	
Children playing with fire	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe.
Coal-gas explosion — _	
Coal-stoker back-firing 	
Collision.-  	
Defective acetylene equipment..
Defective battery connection	
Defective brooder _
Defective chimney- —- 	
Defective fireplace _
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe-
Defective muffler 	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment..
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Defective wiring—	
Dust explosion 	
Electrical appliances	
Engine back-firing	
Exposure-
Film breaking at the aperture .
Fireworks   ——	
Friction in machinery —	
Friction in pulley 	
Friction on brake-drum	
Friction on tires - 	
Friction sparks-
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Gas-burner insufficiently protected	
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Gas explosion (manufactured or
natural)
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car~
25
83
1
14
2
41
18
3
10
102
4
6
9
1
2
7
330
36
20
2
51
66
29
30
1
447
56
124
1
35
1
2
3
3
3
2
66
1
7
19
53
22
1
$122,439
57,678
713
14,140
3,510
4,449
34,342
7,888
7,215
36,704
40,048
1,766
10,500
100
60
19,993
281,634
11,337
54,512
1,221
258,076
70,127
54,891
136,623
145,361
335,167
55,327
694,312
1,601
45,769
100
713
60
1,286
109,508
5,491
51,783
1,718
5,944
356,503
66,292
16,287
146
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Grease on stove	
Heat radiation  	
Hot metal igniting paper	
Hot slag igniting batts.	
Hot stove-lid falling on floor.	
Ignition of oil	
Incendiary	
Lamp explosion 	
Lamp upset—  	
Lightning	
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with- 	
Molten metal	
Oil-burner explosion	
Overheating of machinery bearings....
Paint vapours igniting— _	
Sawdust-burner back-firing	
Sawdust-burner   insufficiently  protected   	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene torch	
Sparks from boiler 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from bush fire 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace 	
Sparks from forge  	
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Spontaneous ignition	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected.	
Stove explosion .	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently
protected '. 	
Tar boiling over  -
Thawing pipes	
Unknown _
Varnish boiling over    -
Wood too near stove—	
Totals.. 	
10
54
201
11
1
1
3
1
101
1
8
18
82
149
5
78
10
7
19
2
449
1,889
19
9
89
1
133
1
345
1
41
18
102
22
2
14
231
10
33
725
3
5
7,643
$4,047
134,397
38,510
16,130
324
5,029
97
88,187
318,375
800
9,590
17,486
9,727
81,852
4,650
128,493
150,156
61,511
47,504
457
521,909
499,848
49,725
9,094
69,892
6,229
110,230
248
21,334
35
57,570
96,191
130,407
74,639
11,385
14,640
327,241
6,402
55,616
4,585,427
450
452
$10,889,620 G 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Aircraft	
Apartments
1
385
Asphalt machines _
Automobile courts
Automobiles
726
Heat radiation   	
Acetylene-torch carelessness 	
Ashes against wood  ,	
Candle carelessness  	
Children playing with fire  	
Clothes too near stove   	
Defective chimney 	
Defective fireplace 	
Defective furnace	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Defective stove 	
Defective wiring 	
Electrical appliances ._ 	
Exposure   -   	
Fireworks    - 	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Gas exp!osTon (manufactured or natural) 	
Gasoline-torch carelessness 	
Grease on stove - _   	
Incendiary    	
Match carelessness 	
Matches, children with    —
Oil-burner explosion  	
Sawdust-burner back-firing 	
Short circuit - 	
Smokers' carelessness  	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from furnace 	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe 	
Spontaneous ignition —   	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected 	
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Defective chimney 	
Defective oil-burner     —
Defective oil-burning equipment
Defective stove-pipe 	
Electrical appliances
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Grease on stove 	
Matches, children with 	
Short circuit   	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown   	
Acetylene-torch carelessness
Ashes against wood 	
Broken gasoline-line 	
Broken oil-line 	
Car upset  	
Collision    	
Defective battery connection
Defective muffler  —	
Defective wiring  	
Electrical appliances 	
Engine back-firing 	
Exposure _ 	
Fireworks     	
Friction on brake-drum
Friction on tires — 	
Gasoline carelessness —
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Gasoline-vapour explosion -
Heat radiation 	
Incendiary
Match carelessness 	
Matches, children with
Short circuit   _
1
1
4
4
1
2
25
4
1
2
6
1
1
18
13
1
3
3
1
16
6
9
5
5
1
8
195
3
8
9
2
3
2
4
18
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene torch
3
16
3
2
3
11
5
10
1
18
7
1
2
5
11
26
18
3
3
2
11
19
2
9
1
12
6
6
209
239
3
$10
1,503
332
3,773
39
17,441
2,421
158
1,120
2,895
40
55
2,717
68,252
207
695
644
573
2,844
747
775
183
743
3,363
2,207
100,047
135
5,675
6,567
43
150
403
300
80,960
$152
614
345
607
6,317
270
20
3,750
1,123
1,999
3,575
1,989
1,224
$4,275
945
12,660
10
34,342
10,355
5
1,221
162
844
13,975
11,620
188
60
925
3,406
15,302
1,295
2,841
20
13,130
216
722
50,697
27,328
730
$4,200
308,017
600
21,985 TABLE
REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1955
IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
G 11
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
3
1
2
44
5
$2,109
50,134
$259,517
5,105
321
2,188
127,466
7,019
177
50
139
100
261
73,272
1,162
10,788
27,579
72,520
4,705
1,143
14,656
73
217
17,029
Bakeries  ■„
Banks       , ■	
Barges    _	
Unknown        82
$1,421
2,307
1,377
Unknown                  1
Smokers' carelessness                    1
$2,088
100
Unknown  •                         1
Barns  _	
$755
1,000
5,000
10,802
10,400
115
856
1,607
20,611
5,000
71,320
Defective wiring                                              1
Heat radiation  ■           ....                        1
Smokers' carelessness             1
Spontaneous ignition                                          7
Unknown   —                                        22
Acetylene-torch carelessness                       1
$4,069
86
35
25
2,804
2
Sparks from acetylene torch          1
Tar boiling over  -                     1
Sparks from bonfire                                          2
1
Sparks from chimney                                          1
Smokers' carelessness                                          2
Unknown  -                                           1
Unknown                                                       1
Short circuit — -                                  2
Clothes too near stove-pipe                               1
Defective chimney                                           1
Oil-burner explosion                              1
3
$39
100
1
Bulldozers 	
Bunk-houses    	
2
18
$80
1,188
1,152
34,986
175
143
200
3,605
6,094
25,649
2
1
1
13
12
1
1
Buses 	
Canneries (fish) _	
Chemical plants 	
Churches 	
Clubs	
Short circuit                                           2
Smokers' carelessness                                    2
Sparks from chimney                                         1
Spontaneous ignition                                           1
Stove insufficiently protected                              4
Thawing pipes                                           1
Unknown  .   -   . -                                                    4
Broken gasoline-line   „                                     l
$5
1,157
Unknown                                               1
Unknown                                           1
Unknown                                           1
$2,369
101
30,000
507
39
4,500
83
1,294
40
10,000
23,587
Candle carelessness    .                                       l
Coal-gas explosion                                         1
Defective stove-pipe                                              1
Matches, children with                                         1
Smokers' carelessness                                            1
Sparks from bonfire  -                                         1
Stove insufficiently protected                                      1
Unknown                                         2
Oil-burner explosion                                          1
Smokers' carelessness   ....                                            11
Spontaneous ignition  -                                      1
$1,285
3,420
Coal-piles    	
	
Cold-storage plants	
Cook-houses .
1
1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected                                       1
Crematories _   __   __
1
6
Defective oil-burning equipment .                                       1
Dairies -	
$9,298
7
7,724
Unknown                                                                  4 G 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Dry-cleaning plants
Dwellings
10
. 4,866
Electric-light plants
Electric-light poles
Engines  	
Factories (bed and mattress)..
Factories (fire-clay products)..
10
Defective oil-burning equipment
Gasoline carelessness  	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Match carelessness	
Acetylene-torch carelessness    1
Ashes against wood      46
Candle carelessness     36
Children playing with fire - _   9
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe   87
Coal-gas explosion     3
Coal-stoker  back-firing  —-   6
Defective chimney -  278
Defective fireplace     30
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe  16
Defective oil-burner   _ 29
Defective oil-burning equipment  38
Defective stove or stove-pipe    20
Defective wiring     _  16
Electrical appliances     335
Exposure -   41
Fireworks   - —-   22
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of   1
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected.  53
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum) —   4
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)   12
Gasoline carelessness   — 17
Gasoline-torch carelessness    5
Gasoline-vapour explosion   _   11
Grease on stove ~~    167
Heat radiation       6
Hot stove-lid falling on floor —     3
Incendiary     31
Lamp explosion       1
Lamp upset     6
Lightning    _. 14
Match carelessness     — 52
Matches, children with      98
Oil-burner explosion      56
Paint vapours igniting      2
Sawdust-burner back-firing   16
Sawdust-burner insufficiently protected    2
Short circuit  .   145
Smokers' carelessness     2,062
Sparks from bonfire „ —   _.  22
Sparks from bush fire       12
Sparks from chimney    100
Sparks from fireplace     335
Sparks from furnace    30
Sparks from mill burner    - — 1
Sparks from stove     —  93
Spontaneous ignition      .  4
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected  1
Stove explosion     12
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   170
Tar boiling over   - -  4
Thawing pipes -     18
Unknown       _. _  280
Varnish boiling over       2
Wood too near stove     5
Electr'cal appl'ances   -   1
Engine back-firing    _ -  2
Heat radiation    —   1
Thawing pipes  .  1
Unknown  - — -   _ — 5
Short circuit  	
Engine back-firing — -—
Sparks from acetylene torch
Unknown   -  	
Sparks from boiler
Unknown    —
$142
23
1,056
482
$50
34,330
4,016
3,442
29,086
10,048
1,766
226,201
7,009
24,550
16,673
25,211
36,287
39,161
67,460
33,847
2,501
3,800
40,309
1,624
13,319
12,594
1,554
20,659
27,931
580
97
53,296
800
9,475
2,127
6,711
64,835
30,058
59,777
44,114
7
99,080
215,932
23,427
15,271
67,712
14,665
7,075
25
90,140
1,461
35
8,725
199,767
3,929
5,302
822,158
261
452
$50,000
2,681
328
225
12,971
$282
4,307
10,469
$1,703
2,530,722
66,205
200
15,058
77
32,796 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1955
G  13
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Amount of Loss
Factories (furniture)
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Factories
Fences —
(hardwood flooring).,
(paint)
(paper products)	
(pressed logs)	
(rock-wool insulation)
(sack) 	
(wooden box)	
(wood pipe and tank)
(wood products)	
Fertilizer plants
Fire-halls
Fishing-boats
Fish-packing plants ..
Fruit-packing  plants
Foundries  	
Freight-cars  	
Funeral-parlours
Gaols - 	
Garages (private)
Garages (public)
29
Sparks from boiler .....
Sparks from chimney
Unknown  	
Sparks from boiler ...
Varnish boiling over
Electrical appliances
Unknown  	
Hot slag igniting batts .
Electrical appliances .„.
Unknown    	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Overheating of machinery bearings
Ashes against wood 	
Exposure
Matches, children with
Unknown   	
Friction sparks
Unknown  	
Short circuit 	
Defective oil-burner
Engine back-firing ....
Gasoline carelessness -	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Match carelessness 	
Oil-burner explosion 	
Short circuit -	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Ignition of oil ...
Unknown  	
Molten metal _
Sparks from furnace
Unknown   	
Unknown  	
Defective  chimney
Incendiary
Acetylene-torch carelessness .
Ashes against wood 	
Engine back-firing  	
Exposure  	
Fireworks    	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Incendiary 	
Match carelessness  	
Matches, children with	
Short circuit —- 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from acetylene torch
Sparks from bonfire
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown    	
Acetylene-torch carelessness
Defective chimney 	
Electrical appliances 	
Engine back-firing 	
Exposure
Gasoline carelessness _	
Gasoline-vapour explosion „
Tncendiary  	
Oil-burner explosion __	
Paint vapours igniting 	
Smokers'  carelessness  	
Sparks from acetylene torch .
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown  	
$678
25
17,004
90
45
100
$295
51,745
$7,000
7,000
1,250
32,394
115
350
63,592
12,421
40,649
$350
242
961
$40,554
343
1,445
1,471
25
1,200
615
1,164
15
1,711
19,707
7,084
5,773
115
4,375
54,738
$15,158
400
10
50
43,315
26,609
29,738
29,085
160
25
350
7,616
100
191
33,943
37,731
$17,707
260
189
250
360
5,029
11,620
25,000
146
1,409
243
52,040
2,325
164,771
88,187
487,827
1,553
16,243
254
150
140,335
224,481 G 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Gasoline-shovels
Gasoline-stations
Golf club houses
Greenhouses	
Halls
31
Hay-stacks
Hospitals _
Hospitals (animal)
Hotels	
1
159
House-boats
Kennels	
Launches
I
Laundries
10
Causes
Gasoline carelessness
Defective chimney 	
Defective oil-burner ~
Exposure
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of .
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car —
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Clothes too near stove
Smokers' carelessness -
Defective oil-burning equipment
Electrical appliances
Gas explosion (manufactured or natural)
Sawdust-burner insufficiently protected	
Smokers' carelessness  	
Defective chimney   — 	
Defective furnace 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Electrical  appliances
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected..
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary    	
Matches, children with 	
Oil-burner explosion  	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness — 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Clothes too near stove ..
Electrical  appliances 	
Matches, children with
Smokers' carelessness ...
Sparks from bonfire —
Spontaneous ignition
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown    	
Sparks from chimney .
Ashes against wood ...
Defective oil-burner ...
Defective oil-burning equipment
Defective wiring ._ 	
Electrical appliances — 	
Exposure 	
Incendiary
Matches, children with
Short circuit  -.
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from chimney .
Sparks from fireplace
Sparks from furnace ..
Sparks from stove	
Unknown 	
Exposure 	
Defective wiring
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire —
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burner _
Electrical appliances
Exposure 	
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
3
1
1
2
2
2
7
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
7
1
1
1
5
1
2
4
4
1
2
1
3
1
3
121
2
1
1
1
12
1
1
1
7
2
1
1
2
1
3
1
Amount of Loss
$2,505
20
6,599
1,691
1,138
146
9,351
12,714
$99
75
$263
200
1,141
452
1,000
$150
251
236
50
7,642
24
5
584
82,102
35
11,255
25
75
46,584
$20
157
50
285
74
2,973
33
231,181
$577
152,669
24,055
172
96
112
571
252
5,403
35,494
140
24
43,254
1,055
413,324
$100
2,500
$18,213
3,207
30
75
9,692
$918
947
10
$40
34,164
174
3,056
149,018
600
234,773
35
677,198
131
2,600
31,217 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1955
G 15
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Libraries 	
Logging camps
Lumber-piles  .
Lumber-yards
Machine-shops
Meat-packing plants .
Medical clinics 	
Mining properties 	
Motor-cycles
Mushroom-houses
Offices  _	
Oil-houses  .
Oil-wells	
Paper-mills
Peat plants	
Piggeries   	
Police stations
Post-offices 	
Poultry-houses
Power-houses
Printing plants
10
17
23
Match carelessness
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Defective oil-burning equipment .
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney — 	
Unknown 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from mill burner .
Unknown 	
Acetylene-torch carelessness
Defective oil-burner 	
Exposure 	
Short circuit 	
Sparks from acetylene torch
Unknown  .	
Chemical explosion 	
Smokers' carelessness
Lightning  	
Unknown  	
Broken gasoline-line
Collision   	
Engine back-firing .
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe
Short circuit  	
3    Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown   — 	
Clothes too near stove 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Exposure  .	
Incendiary
Paint vapours igniting
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from furnace   	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown   „ 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gas explosion (natural) 	
Overheating of machinery bearings
Sparks from acetylene torch 	
Unknown   	
Unknown   — —
Unknown 	
Acetylene-torch carelessness
Unknown _ 	
Ashes against wood —
Defective brooder 	
Defective oil-burner 	
Electrical appliances ._
Lamp upset	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Unknown _ 	
Engine back-firing   -
Overheating of machinery bearings .
Unknown 	
Exposure 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion .
Oil-burner explosion 	
$132
3,384
$818
2,792
26,793
75,250
$50
318
750
$37,609
70,000
13,000
19,363
90
68,206
$4,607
14,017
$475
145
1,865
300
450
$3,422
400
$75
696
3,957
5,453
225
1,153
605
50
4,068
626
3,925
$10,153
200
5,935
$560
19,238
196
5,323
115
10
1,139
1,537
5,735
$149
21,000
2,200
$120
102
80
$5,391
100
105,653
8,000
1,118
208,268
3,300
2,876
18,624
3,235
3,822
20,833
544
304,377
16,288
621
9,690
35
600
33,853
23,349 G 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Causes
Property
Amount of Loss
2
         1
$294
732
78,115
        2
. - "                  _    .    .   ..         :
Unknown   — -  	
         1
1
$79,443
$613
223
8
         1
         1
836
$200
90
2,158
1
2
Thawing pipes  - 	
Unknown    — —	
         2
5
         1
2,448
375
Railway-cars   I,1	
         1
$3,500
250
34
1
1
Unknown  —- „	
        1
        2
3,750
$2,538
564
141
10,500
116
4,050
37,002
6,918
27
208
9,767
2,970
11,765
         1
Defective oil-burning equipment -	
         1
         1
Electrical appliances	
        2
            2
Gas explosion (manufactured)  -	
Grease on stove	
1
        9
            1
        2
.  . i
Smokers' carelessness 	
        7
         1
            4
         1
86,566
6,202
150
Rinks (curling) 	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected  	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
         1
           1
        2
1
1,450
     110
$50
302
1,343
44
121
168
4,784
1,274
20
2,466
117
25
5,895
1,660
124
222
7,491
1
98
6
_         1
         1
Defective stove-pipe	
Electrical appliances — —
1
        4
         5
        2
■ '■'
Gas explosion (manufactured) „	
.          1
        2
' j
         3
1
j v-
Smokers' carelessness —.
       70
           5
         1
.         1
Unknown     	
         4
         1
26,106
25
$7,100
713
100
145,361
20,307
13,680
100
108,963
1,099
8,300
100,423
58,285
131,125
1,210
30,414
4,750
14,866
248
80,184
6,000
5,303
375
         1
         1
Defective stove-pipe  	
Dust explosion  	
Electrical appliances     	
         1
         1
        3
        4
Friction in machinery 	
1
         1
Gasoline carelessness  	
Gasoline-vapour explosion       	
        1
1
        3
,
        4
        6
         1
        2
        4
2
' ■
Sparks from engine  	
          1
       11
—
         1
         1
1 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1955
G 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
18
.....    120
Thawing pipes  —...
         1
          45
$700
944,435
        2
$1,684,041
$4,588
19,920
8,596
35
10
17,400
3,000
127
10
9,473
266
2,000
21,754
Fireworks             1
i
Short circuit   ~          1
Smokers' carelessness  —         1
88,179
Sheds       	
$485
86
100
5,000
150
3,059
2,579
1,230
830
5,404
689
1,990
199
4,815
464
7,619
757
12,129
20,016
1
            4
Gasoline carelessness  - — ...
        4
        5
        2
Matches, children with 	
       17
1
8
         3
       20
             2
             2
Spontaneous ignition  	
        2
             9
31
Overheating of machinery bearings —         1
67,601
59,249
$250
100
8,045
3,664
5,185
8
3
2
17,244
Ships   	
$150
550
28,000
28,700
$1,815
1,682
31
Short circuit                  1
Acetylene-torch carelessness            1
3,497
$15
100
1,288
100
10,656
4,300
200
60
5,065
50
325
19,041
2
Electrical appliances  — -      .            5
Friction in pulley                                1
Lightning               2
Molten metal  -                 4
Overheating of machinery bearings  ...
Short circuit — 	
Sparks from acetylene torch      	
Sparks from furnace  	
.—
41,200
Smoke-houses    ~	
$200
294
1
Defective oil-burning equipment
494
3,000
799
Steam-baths  	
Steel-fabricating plants    ~
1
Stores     	
192
Ashes against wood      	
Clothes too near stove ~	
         3
3
$139
94
2,174
50
11,725
Defective chimney  	
4
it
Defective oil-burner   	
Defective oil-burning equipment
         1
         5 G 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE TV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Stores and apartments .
Stores and dwellings
Stores and offices
Stores and rooms
45
42
10
40
Defective wiring 	
Electrical appliances
Exposure   	
Fireworks   - —
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Gasoline carelessness 	
Grease on stove  	
Incendiary      .	
Matches, children with  _
Oil-burner  explosion   	
Paint vapours igniting   	
Short circuit   	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bonfire 	
Sparks from chimney  	
Sparks from furnace 	
Sparks from stove	
Spontaneous ignition - 	
Stove explosion
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown  	
Ashes against wood .
Defective chimney .	
Defective stove-pipe .
Electrical appliances
Exposture   	
Gasoline carelessness ...
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary    	
Matches, children with .
Smokers' carelessness ...
Sparks from bonfire —
Sparks from chimney	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Unknown   	
Ashes against wood
Defective chimney
Defective  oil-burner
Electrical appliances
Fireworks   	
Furnace-pipe  insufficiently protected
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary  	
Lightning
Oil-burner explosion 	
Short circuit 	
Smokers'   carelessness  	
Sparks  from chimney 	
Stove insufficiently protected
Tar boiling over 	
Thawing pipes _ 	
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burner .
Defective wiring 	
Electrical appliances .
Exposure
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary 	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown 	
Ashes against wood
Clothes too near stove .
Defective chimney 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Exposure
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary
Paint vapours igniting
$32,873
42,332
27,765
187
1,630
9,987
157
13,336
93
10,074
40
6,588
13,991
162
5,465
2,563
32,962
2,400
612
11,782
16,028
83,323
4
$3,316
1
17
1
729
1
4,660
2
6,315
2
3,725
1
230
9
7,909
2
990
10
4,692
1
300
1
1,706
3
235
7
28,464
1
$3,154
1
2,195
2
2,345
4
2,551
2
138
1
83
2
128
2
4,075
1
96
1
78
1
67
9
4,263
1
47
1
250
1
119
2
16,000
10
99,759
1
$528
1
58,920
1
82
1
25
1
110
1
43,517
2
7
2
18,928
$9,784
7,000
2,829
100
703
50
104
35
645
$328,532
63,288
135,348
122,117 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1955
G 19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
Tar-pots   	
Telephone exchanges
Theatres   	
Tractors
Trailers
Tug-boats
Warehouses
Water-towers
40
13
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from bonfire ...
Sparks from stove 	
Unknown 	
Tar boiling over  	
Electrical appliances	
Ashes against wood — 	
Electrical appliances	
Film breaking at the aperture
Gasoline carelessness 	
Smokers' carelessness  	
Acetylene-torch  carelessness .
Defective battery connection
Engine back-firing 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
Gasoline-vapour  explosion
Short circuit
Sparks from acetylene torch
Unknown 	
Broken gasoline-line —
Clothes too near stove
Defective oil-burner 	
Electrical appliances
Friction on tires
Gas explosion (liquefied petroleum)
Matches, children with   	
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Thawing pipes -  .	
Unknown „   	
Electrical appliances 	
Engine back-firing  	
Gasoline-vapour  explosion
Sparks from acetylene torch ..
Stove insufficiently protected
Tar boiling over	
Unknown -   	
Ashes against wood 	
Defective chimney 	
Defective  furnace  	
Defective oil-burner 	
Defective oil-burning equipment
Defective wiring 	
Electrical appliances   	
Exposure   	
Fireworks 	
Friction  sparks
Gas-burner insufficiently protected
Gasoline-vapour  explosion 	
Grease on stove  	
Heat radiation  	
Hot metal igniting paper
Incendiary
Match carelessness 	
Oil-burner explosion  	
Short circuit  _ 	
Smokers' carelessness _	
Sparks from bonfire   	
Sparks from chimney 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Steam-pipe insufficiently protected
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected ..
Tar boiling over 	
Thawing pipes 	
Unknown     	
Defective chimney
$42,394
2,287
477
100
62,585
$65
500
1,601
671
551
$11,599
55
1,909
1,427
685
543
11,394
235
26,511
$1,000
125
1,850
4,150
361
4,000
35
15,482
2,400
250
3,402
$681
12,000
2,000
25
21,091
102
27,000
$50
740
29,553
4,049
183
30
105,358
459,550
42,488
250
1,718
6,600
44
200
324
185
142
1,395
3,349
16,407
2,167
117
42,118
11,350
100
2,142
52
251,890
$129,093
85
1,041
3,388
54,358
33,055
62,899
982,551
2,328
L G 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
AND CAUSES—Continued
Property
Causes
Amount of Loss
2
7
3
7,643
          1
$291
250
           1
Electrical appliances ~	
!        2
          1
$541
Woodworking plants _'■	
$1,173
1,241
1,307
12,017
2
Unknown	
           2
Short circuit   _	
         1
15,738
$77
250
2,564
         1
Unknown          	
          7.643
2,891
$10,889,620 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL,  1955
G 21
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BRITISH COLUMBIA
TABLE VII.—LOSS OF LIFE,  1946-55
Occupancy
Cause of Fire
Loss of Life
Men
Women      Children
Apartment 	
Apartment 	
Apartment 	
Automobile court
Dwelling  	
Dwelling .— 	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling  	
Dwelling  	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling  	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling   	
Dwelling 	
Dwelling _	
Dwelling 	
Fishing-boat   	
Hospital  -
Hospital 	
Hotel  	
Hotel  	
Motor-cycle 	
Rooming-house
Shed  	
Store and dwelling
Trailer   __
Yard    .-	
Yard _	
Totals, 1955	
Totals, 1954	
Totals, 1953	
Totals, 1952	
Totals, 1951	
Totals, 1950 _
Totals, 1949	
Totals, 1948	
Totals, 1947	
Totals, 1946-	
Ten-year totals-
..10
Exposure  _	
Smokers' carelessness-
Unknown	
Matches, children with..
Clothes too near stove...
Defective chimney	
Defective stove	
Electrical appliances	
Gasoline carelessness	
Lamp upset-
Matches, children with..
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from stove	
Stove explosion -
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown -	
Wood too near stove..
Unknown  	
Clothes too near stove-
Unknown 	
Defective oil-burner..
Unknown	
Collision	
Smokers' carelessness	
Matches, children with-
Unknown— -	
Clothes too near stove -	
Gasoline-vapour explosion.
Sparks from bonfire	
26
29
24
27
19
28
24
29
21
21
248
11
13
13
6
12
13
6
5
2
7
28
30
19
17
18
19
15
24
16
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1956
610-856-4783    

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