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Minister of Mines PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT For the Year Ended 31st December 1954 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1956

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 Minister of Mines
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
For the Year Ended 31st December
1954
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
1955 BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. R. E. Sommers, Minister.
John F. Walker, Deputy Minister.
H. C. Hughes, Chief Inspector of Mines.
G. Cave-Browne-Cave, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
Hartley Sargent, Chief, Mineralogical Branch.
P. J. Mulcahy, Chief Gold Commissioner. To His Honour Clarence Wallace, C.B.E.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1954 is
herewith respectfully submitted.
R. E. SOMMERS,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office.
May, 1955.  CONTENTS
Page
Introduction  9
Review of the Mining Industry  11
Statistics—
Method of Computing Production  15
Table I.—Total Mine Production for All Years Up to and Including 1954  19
Table II.—Production for Each Year from 1836 to 1954, Inclusive  19
Table III.—Quantity and Value of Mine Products for Years 1945 to 1954  20
Table IV (Graph) .—Mineral Production Value, 1895-1954  22
Table V (Graph).—Lode-mine Products, 1913-54  23
Table VI.—Production of Principal Metals, 1858-1954  24
Table VIIa.—Summary of Production, 1953 and 1954, by Mining Divisions  26
Table VIIb.—Principal Lode Metals, 1953 and 1954, by Mining Divisions  27
Table Vile.—Miscellaneous Metals, 1953 and 1954, by Mining Divisions  28
Table VIId.—Industrial Minerals, 1953 and 1954, by Mining Divisions  29
Table VIIe.—Structural Materials, 1953 and 1954, by Mining Divisions  30
Table VIIIa.—Summary of Production to Date, by Mining Divisions  31
Table VIIIb.—Production of Principal Lode Metals, 1896-1954, by Mining
Divisions  32
Table VIIIc.—Production of Miscellaneous Metals,  1885-1954, by Mining
Divisions (Quantity and Value)  33
Table VIIId.—Production of Industrial Minerals, 1904-54, by Mining Divisions (Quantity and Value)  35
Table IXa.—Quantity (Gross) and Value of Coal per Year to Date  37
Table IXb.—Coal Production (Gross) by Districts and Mining Divisions  37
Table LXc—Quantity and Value of Coal Sold and Used, 1946-54  38
Table X.—Coke and By-products Production for Years 1895 to 1925 and
1926 to 1954  39
Table XL—Dividends Paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1954  40
Table XII.—Principal Items of Expenditure, Reported for Mining Operations
of All Classes  44
Table XIII.—Average Number Employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-54  45
Table XIV.—Lode-metal Mines—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross
Value of Principal Metals, 1901-54  46
Table XV.—Lode-metal Producers in 1954  47
Table XVI.—Lode-metal Mines Employing an Average of Ten or More Men
during 1954  52
Departmental Work  53
Offices  53
Administrative Branch  53
Central Records Offices (Victoria and Vancouver)  53
Mining Divisions Amalgamated since 1949  54
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders 54
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1954  56
Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas  57
Mining Laws and Laws Related to Mining  58
Analytical and Assay Branch  58
Inspection Branch  60
Mineralogical Branch  61
Grub-staking Prospectors  63
Museums  65
Publications  66 A 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1954
Departmental Work—Continued page
Maps Showing Mineral Claims, Placer Claims, and Placer-mining Leases  66
Joint Offices  66
Topographic Maps and Air Photographs  67
Department of Mines and Technical Surveys  69
Geological Survey of Canada  69
Field Work by the Geological Survey in British Columbia, 1954  69
Publications of the Geological Survey  70
Mines Branch  70
Lode Metals  73
Placer  167
Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals  173
Petroleum and Natural Gas  189
Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries  193
Coal  211
Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations  251
List of Publications  267
List of Libraries  271
lode-metal deposits referred to in the 1954 annual report  273
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Photographs
Rocher Deboule Mountain and Hagwilget bridge  87
Brian Boru Peak, east of Skeena Crossing  87
Gray Rock property, headwaters of Truax Creek  107
Ground-sluicing on steep hillside, Chalco group  107
Jersey mine.   Loading trailer truck with 2-ton loader  127
Emerald tungsten mill and camp—conveyor system leading to Canadian Exploration lead-zinc concentrator  127
Mineral King 500-ton mill on Toby Creek  147
Air-controlled chute gate, No. 7 level of Silver Giant mine  147
Prescott pit,  Texada Mines Ltd.     Mineralized skarn   (dark)   in contact with
limestone  165
Lake pit, Texada Mines Ltd.   Limestone (light) capping altered volcanic rocks  165
Mount St. George, east side of McDonnell River, Alaska Highway.   Note glacial
cirque  191
Air compressors at Gulf State-Fargo Gundy Creek No. 1 well, 8 miles west of
Alaska Highway at Mile 108  191
Mine-rescue competition at Cumberland, May, 1954.    Mine-rescue team taking
out a " patient "  207
Mine-rescue competition at Cumberland, May, 1954.   Mine-rescue team exploring
a " longwall face " in a " mine " ^_ 207
Coke plant at Michel, consisting of fifty-two Curran-Knowles ovens.  217
Briquette plant at Michel  217
J CONTENTS
A 7
Drawings
Figure Page
1. Granduc Mines, Limited—orebodies outlined by development in 1953 and 1954 81
2. Geology of part of Rocher Deboule Mountains  89
3. Geology in the vicinity of the Red Rose mine  92
4. Red Rose mine—plan and section facing 95
5. Claims and principal veins, Porcupine Mountain  99
6. Western part of Chalco group  102
7. Plan and section of Gray Rock workings facing 105
8. Sample plan of Gray Rock No. 2 adit facing 105
9. Tape-compass survey of B.D. workings, Rexspar Uranium & Metals Mining
Co. Limited  110
10. Roads on pyrochlore deposit, Lempriere	
  112
11. Copper Queen, Greenwood—plan and section  120
12. Property and workings, Scranton Mines Limited  135
13. Isometric diagram of main deposit, A.M. group  153
14. Plan showing location of samples taken in No. 1 crosscut in No. 10 adit, and
in No. 7 adit, A.M. group  155
15. Western Nickel Limited (from company plans)  160  ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER
OF MINES, 1954
Introduction
A Report of the Minister of Mines of the Province of British Columbia has been
published each year since 1874.
The Annual Report records the salient facts in the progress of the industry, also
much detail about individual mining operations, including those undertaken in the
search for, exploration of, and development of mineral deposits, as well as the actual
winning of material from mineral deposits.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines now contains introductory sections
dealing with Statistics and Departmental Work, followed by sections dealing with Lode
Metals; Placer; Structural Materials and Industrial Minerals; Petroleum and Natural
Gas; Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries; Coal; and Inspection of
Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries, each with its own table
of contents. A table listing the properties described, in geographic groupings, precedes
the index.
An introductory review of the mining industry and notes at the first of several of
the main sections deal generally with the industry or its principal subdivisions. Notes
in the various sections deal briefly with the work done on individual properties during
the year or describe a property in more complete detail, outlining the history of past
work and the geological setting as well as describing the workings and the mineral
deposits exposed in them. Some notes deal with areas rather than with a single mine
or property.
The work of the branches of the Department is outlined briefly in the section on
Departmental Work. This section is followed by notes dealing briefly with the work
of the British Columbia or Federal Government services of particular interest to the
mining industry of British Columbia. Information concerning mine operations and
some of the activities of the Inspection Branch of the Department of Mines is contained
in the section on Inspection of Lode Mines, Placer Mines, and Quarries, early in the
section on Coal and in the section on Inspection of Electrical Equipment and Installations at Mines and Quarries.
The section on Statistics begins with an outline of current and past practice in
arriving at quantities and calculating the value of the various products.  Review of the Mining Industry in British
Columbia, 1954
By Hartley Sargent
The metals, industrial minerals, fuels, and structural materials produced by the
mineral industry of British Columbia in 1954 had a combined value of $153,377,315,
compared with $152,628,683 in 1953. The products include twenty-three mineral substances and three structural products manufactured from mineral substances. Only for
the structural products—cement, lime, and clay products—does manufacturing enter
into the value assigned. Dominantly the value assigned is that of basic products won
from natural deposits by the mineral industry. The industry processes ores of metals
to produce high-grade concentrates or refined metals, and some industrial minerals are
also concentrated. The products of the industry are mainly basic commodities that
secondary industry manufactures into products of much greater unit value. In so far as
the manufacturing is done in British Columbia, the increase over the value of the basic
commodity makes a further contribution to the economy of the Province. A notable
example is the industrial mineral, sulphur, to which the value assigned is $2,308,422.
Some of the sulphur is used in the production of wood pulp, and some is sold as sulphuric acid or for use in the manufacture of sulphuric acid, but most of the sulphur is
used in plants at Trail and Kimberley in the production of fertilizer that has a market
value several times that assigned to sulphur.
The details of 1954 mineral production are set out in Tables III and VIIa.
The prices in Canadian funds used in valuing the principal metals and concentrates
are listed on page 18.
The selling prices for most of the metal produced are in United States funds. The
United States dollar was at a discount in Canadian funds throughout 1954; the discount
averaged 2.6 per cent, compared with 1.6 per cent in 1953. United States prices for
copper, lead, and zinc rose moderately during 1954, and the price for silver was constant. The greater discount resulted in somewhat lower average prices for silver, copper, and zinc in Canada; however, the price for lead was somewhat higher than in 1953.
Most of the copper produced went to the Tacoma smelter mainly in the form of
concentrates, but in part as dross shipped from the lead smelter at Trail for recovery of
the copper content. Lead and zinc refined at Trail were shipped to other Provinces of
Canada, to Europe, including the British Isles, and to the United States. Additional
quantities of lead and zinc were shipped to United States smelters in the form of concentrates. Copper continued to enter the United States duty free, and the duties on lead
and zinc continued to be: On lead in ores and concentrates, 0.75 cent per pound; on
lead in bullion, 1.06 cents per pound; on zinc in concentrates, 0.6 cent per pound; on
refined zinc in slabs, 0.7 cent per pound.
Compared with 1953, the quantity of gold produced was essentially unchanged; an
increase in the output of lode mines offset the decreased output of placer gold. Loss
of lode-gold output from Portland Canal was more than offset by increases in the Tul-
sequah, Wells, Bridge River, and Hedley areas. The Island Mountain mine was taken
over by The Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Company Limited in August, and continued
in production as the Aurum mine, the ore being trucked to the mill at the Cariboo Gold
Quartz mine. Significant contribution to the output of gold is made by base-metal
mines, including the copper mines and some of the silver-lead-zinc mines. The Big
Bull and Tulsequah Chief mines at Tulsequah yield gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc,
as does the Silver Standard at Hazelton. However, copper production is mainly from
the Britannia and Copper Mountain mines, and gold from the Cariboo Gold Quartz-
11 A 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1954
Aurum, the Bralorne and Pioneer, and the Nickel Plate mines. Copper output at the
Britannia mine was increased, and Cowichan Copper Co. Ltd., a new producer, shipped
crude ore from the Blue Grouse mine near Cowichan Lake.
More than a dozen silver-lead-zinc mines were in regular production, and shipments of crude ore or of customs mill concentrates were made from numerous other
properties. Silver output increased in 1954, mainly because of increases in the Fort
Steele and Skeena Mining Divisions. In the Skeena Mining Division the Torbrit company operations were carried on throughout 1954, whereas in 1953 operations were
suspended for several months. Lead and zinc output increased materially in the
Golden, Fort Steele, and Revelstoke Mining Divisions. In the Golden Mining Division
the Mineral King mine began production, and the output of the Silver Giant mine was
increased. In other mining divisions, notably Nelson and Slocan, the output of zinc was
reduced materially.
Less iron ore was exported to Japan than in 1953. Tungsten output was considerably more than in 1953; however, the Red Rose mine, one of the two tungsten
producers, was shut down before the end of 1954 because of marketing difficulties.
A substantial increase in asbestos production and an increase in sulphur raised the
value of industrial minerals materially above the 1953 value. The value of structural
materials was moderately greater than in 1953.
Coal output was somewhat less than in 1953. On Vancouver Island, coal production came from the Tsable River colliery and from several small operators in the
Nanaimo area. Output in the Princeton area was materially greater than in 1953 and
was sold mainly for use in the Granby steam power plant at Princeton. Strip-mined
coal continues to make a substantial contribution to the output in the East Kootenay
District. Strip mines are operated by The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company Limited
near Michel and by Coleman Collieries Limited at Tent Mountain on the British
Columbia-Alberta Boundary. Production of briquetted coal was begun at Michel in
1953. The markets for steam coal and for coke have long been very important to the
East Kootenay coal-producers. Production of coal at Telkwa and in the Peace River
area was about at the 1953 rate.
Exploration for and development of metal deposits was directed mainly to copper,
uranium, and iron. Exploration was carried on actively by the Cowichan Copper Company, some interest was shown in copper occurrences in the Merritt area, and the exploration of the Granduc property indicated the existence of large copper orebodies. In
addition to the more usual development and exploration at producing silver-lead-zinc
mines, mention should be made of the adit begun at Beaverdell, 700 feet lower than the
lowest workings of the Highland-Bell mine. This project involves driving more than
a mile of adit to permit deep exploration of this long-productive silver-lead mine. The
search for uranium has indicated its presence associated with titanium or niobium in
lode deposits in several parts of the Province, and in some placer deposits. Uranium in
the mineral uraninite was recognized several years ago in two cobalt-bearing deposits,
and uraninite appears to be the uranium-bearing mineral in deposits that were discovered on the west side of Atlin Lake in 1953. The uranium-bearing deposit at Birch
Island, where the uranium-bearing mineral is pyrochlore, is being explored by underground workings and diamond drilling by Rexspar Uranium & Metals Mining Co.
Limited. A fairly active campaign of prospecting for iron ore was carried out on
Vancouver Island and is expected to continue in 1955. In northern British Columbia
a discovery of fluorite and witherite near the hot springs not far from the point where
the Alaska Highway crosses the Liard River, and discoveries of the beryllium minerals,
beryl and helvite, east of Dease River point to interesting possibilities. This most
northerly part of the Province has come into prominence in recent years because of the
successful development and production of high-quality asbestos by Cassiar Asbestos
Corporation Limited. REVIEW OF MINING INDUSTRY
A 13
Perhaps the most significant exploration in British Columbia in 1954 has been
the continued search for petroleum and natural gas. This activity has been carried on
mainly in northeastern British Columbia, although interest has been shown in other
parts of the Province. Work was done on a total of thirty-four wells, of which fifteen
were completed as potential gas-producers and nine were abandoned. At the end of
1954 drilling was being done at seven wells, one was being tested, and work had been
suspended at two wells. Production of gas for use in Fort St. John was begun at the
end of the summer, and announcements at the end of the year indicate more certain
prospects for early construction of a pipe-line to convey gas from northeastern British
Columbia and some near-by fields in Alberta to southern British Columbia and northwestern United States.
Production of refined metal in British Columbia was increased by the production
of aluminium begun at Kitimat in August, 1954. The aluminium is derived from ore
mined in Jamaica and does not enter into British Columbia production figures.
The average number employed throughout 1954 in placer, lode, coal, industrial-
mineral, and structural-materials mining was 14,128. Major expenditures by those
branches of the industry included: Salaries and wages, $48,702,746; fuel and electricity,
$7,128,669; process supplies, $19,654,724; Federal taxes, $13,692,190; Provincial
taxes, $2,443,691; municipal and other taxes, $1,537,067; levies for workmen's compensation (including silicosis), unemployment insurance, and other items, $1,647,642.
Dividends amounted to $25,368,262, and the lode-mining industry spent $29,135,673
in freight and treatment charges on ores and concentrates. Expenditure in exploration
for petroleum and natural gas in 1954 was $4,266,998.  Statistics
Mining statistics are collected and compiled and the statistical tables for this
Report are prepared by the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, Department of Trade
and Industry.
In the 1951 Report, extensive rearrangements of tables and of their order were
made. The tables in the present Report closely parallel those presented in Reports for
years preceding 1951, but additional details have been incorporated, and the present
order is considered to make more apparent the relationship between summary tables
and the tables giving the details summarized.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION
The tables of statistics recording the mineral production of the Province for each
year are compiled from certified returns made by the operators of mines, augmented by
some data obtained from the Royal Canadian Mint (Assay Office) and from the operators of customs smelters. The value of each mineral product, in Canadian funds, is
calculated at the average price for the year (see p. 18). The quantities of metals are
net after making deductions for losses in smelting and refining.
Prior to 1925 the average prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but,
as a means of correcting for losses in smelting and refining, the prices of other metals
were taken at the following percentages of the year's average price for the metal: Silver,
95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc, 85 per cent. For 1925 and subsequent years
the value has been calculated using the true average price and the net metal contents,
in accordance with the procedures adopted by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and
the co-operating Provincial Departments of Mines.
Beginning with the Annual Report for 1948, production figures for individual lode-
mining operations are the assay contents of the products shipped (ore, concentrates, or
bullion), no deductions being made for losses in smelting and refining. In previous
Annual Reports the production figures given for individual properties are net, after
deductions for smelting and refining losses.
Metals
Placer Gold
The data on placer-gold production were very largely obtained from the Gold Commissioners until 1925. The value of placer gold in dollars is now obtained from returns
received annually from the operators. At the old standard price, $20.67 per ounce of
fine gold, $17 was regarded as a close approximation of the average value per ounce of
crude placer gold produced in British Columbia. Dividing the production reported in
dollars by 17 gave the equivalent in crude ounces. The average value $17 per ounce is
equivalent to a fineness of 822Vi. Beginning with 1932 the average value per crude
ounce has been based on the same fineness but has recognized the varying price of gold.
The average price per ounce of crude placer gold for each year is listed on page 18.
Lode Metals, Gross and Net Contents
The gross contents are the gold and silver contents of bullion and for ores and concentrates the total assay contents, obtained by multiplying the assay by the weight. The
quantities for gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in Table XV and in " Notes on Metal
Mines " are gross.
Calculations of the value of production are based on the total assay content for
gold and on net content for the other principal metals. These are: in lead ores and
concentrates and zinc concentrates, for silver 98 per cent, lead 95 per cent, and zinc
15 A 16 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES,  1954
85 per cent of the total assay content; and in copper concentrates, 95 per cent of the
silver and the total assay content of copper less 10 pounds per ton of concentrates.
Quantities for silver, lead, zinc, and copper in Tables I to VIII, inclusive, are net.
Average Metal Prices
In the interests of uniformity the Statistical Bureaux of the Provinces and the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics use the same average metal prices in valuing mineral
production. Up to and including the year 1939 the prices used in evaluating metal and
mineral production were:—
Gold and silver:   The average United States price for the year, as quoted in
the Engineering and Mining Journal, converted into Canadian funds at
the average exchange rate.
Copper, lead, and zinc:  For lead and zinc, the average London Metal Market
prices for the year converted into Canadian funds at the average exchange
rate;  for copper, until 1932 the New York price for copper was used,
thereafter the average London Metal Market price was used.
Suspension of trading on the London Metal Exchange in September, 1939, and the
controls of metals during the war years necessitated changes from the procedures which
had been followed.
The method of arriving at the price for gold continued unchanged, but the prices
for the metals controlled were those set by the Canadian Metals Controller. In 1945
the controls were largely removed from sales but not from prices. Control of metal
prices ended on June 6th, 1947. For 1945 and subsequent years the prices are those
computed by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, using information supplied by the
principal Canadian refiners of silver and the base metals.
In the period 1945-47 the prices received for silver, lead, and zinc sold for use in
Canada were substantially less than the prices received for these metals exported to the
United States. The prices for silver in 1945 and 1946 and for copper, lead, and zinc in
1946 and 1947 are weighted averages, taking into consideration sales in Canada at the
ceiling prices and sales abroad at New York prices converted into Canadian funds.
Prices are now arrived at by the methods that were in effect prior to World War II.
Fuel
In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics. The practice in
former years had been to list as coke production only the coke made in bee-hive ovens,
the coal used in making it not being listed; coke made in by-product ovens was not
listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was credited as coal production.
The result was that both the coal and the coke production figures were incomplete.
Starting with the 1926 Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau of Statistics,
Ottawa, was adopted. This consists of crediting all coal produced, including that used
in making coke, as primary mine production. Coke-making is considered a manufacturing industry. As the data are of interest to the mining industry, Table X is included
in the Report to show the total coke produced in the Province, together with by-products, and the values given by the producers. The pre-1926 data have now been
reworked and brought into conformity with current practice. Table IXa lists the full
mine output (gross) produced and its net value, and these figures are incorporated in
Table I, in the total mine production for the Province. Table X gives the complete
data for coke, gas, and by-products manufacture for the period 1895 to 1925, and for
each year subsequent to 1925.
Up to and including the year 1947, production was recorded in long tons (2,240
pounds). Beginning in 1948, production is given in short tons (2,000 pounds). The
quantity of coal produced in the preceding years has been recalculated in short tons.
_J STATISTICS
A 17
The average price for coal, listed year by year (see p. 18), is the total value
divided by the quantity. . Up to and including 1945, the quantity is the gross mine
output; for 1946 and subsequent years, the quantity is the quantity sold and used.
For 1946 and subsequent years, the value (Tables I, III, VIIa, IXa, IXb, and IXc)
is the amount realized from sales of coal, at colliery loading points, plus the colliery
valuation of coal used, under the headings given in Table IXc. For 1946 and subsequent years the quantity sold and used is shown in Table IXc. " Use " includes coal
used under company stationary and locomotive boilers, and used in making coke.
Washery loss and changes in stocks, year by year, are shown in the table, " Collieries of
British Columbia, Production and Distribution by Collieries and by Districts," page 214
of this Report. A 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1954
Average Prices Used in Valuing Provincial Production of Gold,
Silver, Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Coal
Year
Gold,1
Crude,
Oz.
Gold.
Fine.
Oz.
Silver,
Fine,
Oz.
Copper.
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
Coal.
Short
Ton
1901	
$
17.00
	
19.30
23.02
28.37
28.94
28.81
28.77
28.93
29.72
31.66
31.66
31.66
31.68
31.66
31.66
30.22
28.78
28.78
29.60
31.29
30.30
28.18
28.31
27.52
$
20.67
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.14
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
36.75
36.00
35.00
36.00
38.05
36.85
34.27
34.42
34.07
Cents
56.002 N.Y.
49.55      „
50.78 „
53.36 „
51.33      ,.
63.45      „
62.06      „
60.22      „
48.93       „
50.812    „
50.64 „
57.79 „
56.80 „
52.10      „
47.20      „
62.38      „
77.35      „
91.93       ,,
105.57      „
95.80      „
59.62 „
64.14      „
61.63 „
63.442    „
69.065 „
62.107    „
56.37 „
58.176    „
52.993    .,
38.154    „
28.700    „
31.671    „
37.832    „
47.461    „
64.790    „
45.127    „
44.881    „
43.477    „
40.488    „
38.249 „
38.261    „
41.166    „
45.254    „
43.000    „
47.000    „
83.650    „
72.000    „
75.000 Mont.
74.250 U.S.
80.635    „
94.55      „
83.157    „
83.774    „
82.982    ,,
Cents
16.11    N.Y.
11.70      „
13.24      „
12.82      „
15.59 „
19.28      „
20.00      „
13.20      „
12.98      „
12.738    „
12.38      „
16.341    „
15.27 „
13.60 „
17.28 „
27.202    „
27.18      „
24.63      „
18.70      „
17.45      „
12.50      „
13.38 „
14.42      „
13.02      „
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92      „
14.570    „
18.107   „
12.982   „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795   „
9.477   „
13.078 „
9.972   „
10.092    „
10.086    .,
10.086    „
10.086    „
11.75      ,.
12.000    „
12.550    „
12.80      „
20.39 „
22.35    U.S.
19.973    „
23.428    „
27.70
31.079 „
30.333    „
29.112    „
Cents
2.577 N.Y.
3.66 „
3.81
3.88      „
4.24      „
4.81      „
4.80      „
3.78      „
3.85      „
4.00      „
3.98      „
4.024    „
3.93      „
3.50      „
4.17      „
6.172    „
7.91      „
6.67 „
5.19      .,
7.16      „
4.09      „
5.16      „
6.54      „
7.287   „
7.848 Lond.
6.751    „
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050    „
3.927    „
2.710    „
2.113    „
2.391    „
2.436    „
3.133    „
3.913    „
6.110    ..
3.344    „
3.169    „
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.754    „
4.500    .,
5.000    „
6.750    „
13.670    „
18.040    „
15.800 U.S.
14.454    ,.
18.4
16.121    „
13.265   „
13.680    „
Cents
$
2.679
1902	
1903    	
1904	
1905	
1906     	
1907	
3.125
1908	
1909     	
1910	
4.60 B. St. L.
4.90      „
5.90      „
4.80      „
4.40      „
11.25      „
10.88      „
7.566   „
6.94 „
624      „
6.52      „
3.95 „
4.86      „
5.62      „
5.39      „
7.892 Lond.
7.409   „
6.194   „
5.493    „
6.385    „
3.599    „
2.554    „
2.405    „
3.210   ,.
3.044    „
3.099    „
3.315    „
4.902    ..
3.073    „
3.069    „
3.411    „
3.411    „
3.411    „
4.000    „
4.300    „
6.440    „
7.810    „
11.230   „
13.930   „
13.247 U.S.
15.075    „
19.9
15.874    „
10.675    „
10.417    „
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
4.464
1919	
1920	
1921	
1922	
1923	
1924	
1925	
1926	
1927	
1928	
1929	
1930	
1931	
4.018
1932	
3.795
1933	
1934	
1935	
1936	
1937      	
1940	
1941	
1943      	
1944     	
1945        	
1946               	
5.57
1947                 	
6.51
1948	
7.20
6.55
I960     	
6.46
1951           	
6.46
1952          	
6.93
1953                     	
6.96
7.0S
1 Unrefined p
lacer gold,
average pri
ce per ounce, is
aken as $17 divi
ded by $20.67 tin
les the price of *
in ounce of
fine gold.
Prices for fine gold are the Canadian Mint buying prices. Prices for other metals are those of the markets indicated,
converted into Canadian funds. The abbreviations are: Mont.=Montreal; N.Y.=New York; Lond.=London; E. St. L.
=East St. Louis;   and U.S.=United States.
Prior to 1925 the prices for gold and copper are true average prices, but the prices of other metals were taken at
the following percentages of the year's average price for the metal: Silver, 95 per cent; lead, 90 per cent; and zinc,
85 per cent.
For coal see last paragraph under " Fuel," page 17.
The bases for the prices listed are discussed in detail on pages 15 and 16. STATISTICS A 19
Table I.—Total Mine Production for All Years Up to and Including 1954
Total Quantity Total Value     Quantity, 1954    Value, 1954
Silver           	
 oz.
1h.
ih.
      lb.
rnnl
Totals 	
5,185,829
14,478,674
378,389,896
2,791,156,351
11,416,655,478
8,570,751,124
136,204,493'
$95,547,105
412,724,866
218,410,740
433,971,639
750,595,634
620,107,557
89,881,257
44,740,833
187,183,516
514,535,282
8,684
258,388
9,825,153
50,150,087
332,474,456
334,124,560
1,308,284=
$238,967
8,803,279
8,153,108
14,599,693
45,482,505
34,805,755
11,866,409
5,877,881
14,395,174
9,154,544
I
$3,367,698,429
$153,377,315
1 For individual miscellaneous metals, see Tables III and VIIIc, pages 21 and 33.
2 For individual industrial minerals, including sulphur, see Tables III and VIIId, pages 21 and 36.
8 Total quantity is gross mine output;  it includes material discarded in picking and washing.   The quantity shown
for 1954 is that sold and used (see also Table IXc).
Table II.—Production for Each Year from 1836 to 1954, Inclusive
1836-95 (incl.)
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913	
1914	
1915	
1916	
1917	
1918	
1919	
1920	
1921	
1922	
1923	
1924	
1925	
$95,355,010
7,507,956
10,455,268
10,906,861
12,429,707
16,344,751
19,671,572
17,486,550
17,495,954
18,977,359
22,461,325
24,980,546
25,882,560
23,851,277
24,443,025
26,377,066
23,499,072
32,440,800
30,296,398
26,388,825
29,447,508
42,290,462
37,010,392
41,782,474
33,296,313
35,543,084
28,066,641
35,162,843
41,304,320
48,704,604
61,492,242
_ $67,188,842
60,729,358
65,372,583
68,245,443
55,391,993
34,883,181
28,798,406
32,602,672
42,305,297
48,821,239
54,081,967
74,475,902
64,485,551
65,681,547
75,701,145
78,479,719
75,551,093
65,892,395
54,923,803
63,343,949
72,319,951
__  113,314,314
   151,436,039
__ 131,100,468
__ 148,289,687
.--  175,613,693
1952   171,309,429
1953   152,628,683
1954   153,377,315
1926„
1927-
1928„
1929-
1930_
1931-
1932„
1933..
1934..
1935...
1936.
1937-
1938..
1939-
1940..
194L.
1942..
1943..
1944-
1945..
1946..
1947..
1948-
1949-
1950-
1951..
Total... $3,367,698,429
- A 20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1954
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