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VITAL STATISTICS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA EIGHTIETH REPORT FOR THE YEAR 1951 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1954

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 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
VITAL STATISTICS
OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
EIGHTIETH REPORT
FOR THE YEAR
1951
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1953  Victoria, B.C., May 16th, 1953.
To His Honour Clarence Wallace, C.B.E.,
Lieutenant-Governor oj the Province oj British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Report on Vital Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia for the year 1951.
ERIC MARTIN,
Minister oj Health and Welfare. Department of Health and Welfare,
Victoria, B.C., May 16th, 1953.
The Honourable Eric Martin,
Minister of Health and Welfare, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Eightieth Report on Vital Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
G. F. AMYOT,
Deputy Minister oj Health and
Provincial Health Officer.
Division of Vital Statistics,
Victoria, B.C., May 16th, 1953.
G. F. Amyot, Esq., M.D., D.P.H.,
Deputy Minister oj Health, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Eightieth Report on Vital Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia for the year ended December 31st, 1951.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. H. DOUGHTY,
Director of Vital Statistics. TABLE OF CONTENTS Paoe
Introduction  11
Map
Map Showing Statistical Publication Areas, British Columbia  12
PART I.—GENERAL STATISTICAL SUMMARY BY
PLACE OF RESIDENCE
Tables
Table 1.—Estimated Total Population, by Sex and Age-group, British Columbia,
1921-51  14
Table 2.—Populations of Organized Areas, British Columbia, 1951  15
Table 3.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates, British Columbia, 1911-51  16
Table 4.—Number of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages, British Columbia, 1947-51:
(a) Including Indians  17
(b) Excluding Indians  17
Table 5.—Natural Increase, British Columbia, 1947-51  18
Table 6.—Illegitimate Births, British Columbia, 1942-51  18
Table 7.—Births and Deaths in Institutions, British Columbia, 1942-51  20
Table 8.—Age and Sex Mortality, British Columbia, 1931, 1941, 1947-51  21
Table 9.—Age-Sex Specific Death Rates, British Columbia, 1931, 1941, 1947-51... 21
Table 10.—Summary of Important Causes of Death, British Columbia, 1942-51:
(a) Including Indians  23
(b) Excluding Indians  24
Table 11.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups, British
Columbia, 1951:
(a)  Including Indians  25
(b ) Excluding Indians  27
Table 12.—Mortality from the Cardiovascular-Renal Diseases, British Columbia,
1947-51  28
Table 13.—Mortality from the Diseases of the Heart, by Sex and Age-group, British
Columbia, 1951 _  29
Table 14.—Mortality from Cancer, British Columbia, 1950-51     29
Table 15.—Mortality from Accidents and Violence, by Nature of Injury, British
Columbia, 1951  30
Table 16.—Mortality from Tuberculosis, British Columbia, 1947-51  31
Table 17.—Neo-natal, Infant, and Maternal Mortality Rates, British Columbia,
1942-51  32
Table 18.—Infant Mortality, British Columbia, 1947-51  32
Table 19.—Maternal Mortality, British Columbia, 1947-51  34
Table 20.—Mortality from Notifiable Diseases, British Columbia, 1947-51  36
Table 21.—Stillbirths, British Columbia, 1942-51  37
Table 22.—Marriages by Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties, British
Columbia, 1942-51  37
Table 23.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1942-51  38
Table 24.—Marriages Performed According to Type, British Columbia, 1947-51 _- 39
Table 25.—Marriages Authorized by Banns or Licence According to Religious
Denomination of Officiating Minister, British Columbia, 1951  39
Graphs
Graph A.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates, British Columbia, 1911-51.  17
Graph B.—Illegitimate Birth Rates, British Columbia, 1942-51  19
Graph C.—Infant Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1921-51  33
Graph D.—Maternal Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1921-51  35
Graph E.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1947-51  38 C 6 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
PART II.—ADMINISTRATION AND DIVISIONAL ACTIVITIES
Page
Summary of Registration Services  40
Volume of Registration—All Races  40
Volume of Registration—Indian and Oriental Races  43
Searches  44
Certifications  45
Revenue  45
Registration of Births  46
Indians  46
Doukhobors  47
School-teachers' Returns  47
Fraudulent Registrations  47
Legitimations  47
Delayed Registration of Births  48
Indians  48
Registration of Deaths  49
Indians  49
Doukhobors  49
Registration of Stillbirths  49
Registration of Marriages  49
Indians  50
Doukhobors  50
Registration of Adoption Orders  50
Registration of Divorces  50
Registration of Notices of Filing a Will  50
Legal Changes of Name  51
Registration of Ministers and Clergymen  51
Corrections and Amendments to Registrations  54
Indians  54
District Registrars' Offices and Inspections  54
Changes in Registration Districts  54
Indian Agency Offices  55
Inspections  55
Microfilming of Documents  55
General Office Procedures  55
Effect of Old-age Security Legislation  56
Statistical Services  56
Tables
Table 1.—Summary of Registration, British Columbia, 1942-51  40
Table 2.—Total Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages, Distributed
According to Statistical Areas, British Columbia, 1951  42
Table 3.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among the Indian
Population, British Columbia, 1947-51  43
Table 4.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among the Chinese
Population, British Columbia, 1947-51  43
Table 5.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among the Japanese
Population, British Columbia, 1947-51  44
Table 6.—Searches Performed and Correspondence Received by the Central Office
of the Division of Vital Statistics, British Columbia, 1942-51  44
Table 7.—Revenue-producing Certifications Issued by the Central Office of the
Division of Vital Statistics, British Columbia, 1946-51  45 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951 C 7
Page
Table 8.—Revenue Collected by the Division of Vital Statistics, British Columbia,
1942-51     46
Table 9.—Change of Name Applications Granted, According to Marital Status and
Sex of Applicant, and Total Number of Persons Affected, British Columbia,
1941-51     51
Table 10.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen, British Columbia, 1951     52
Table 11.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen, by Religious Denomination,
British Columbia, 1950 and 1951     52
Graphs
Graph F.—Summary of Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages, British
Columbia, 1921-51  41
Graph G.—Adoptions, British Columbia, 1936-51  42
Graph H.—Divorces, British Columbia, 1936-51  42
PART III.—DETAILED TABLES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, MARRIAGES,
ADOPTIONS, AND DIVORCES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951 (CLASSIFIED BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE).
General Summary
Table 1.—General Summary of Births, Deaths, and Marriages, by Census Divisions,
Cities and Villages of 1,000 Population and over, by Place of Residence, British
Columbia, 1951     59
*Table 1a.—General Summary of Births, Deaths, and Marriages, by Census
Divisions, by Place of Occurrence, British Columbia, 1951     60
Births
*Table 2.—Births (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Months, Classified as Rural and
Urban, by Census Divisions, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia,
1951     60
Table 3.—Total Live Births and Live Births in Institutions, by Place of Occurrence
and Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     60
Table 4.—Total Live Births and Live Births in Institutions, in Cities and Villages of
1,000 Population and over, by Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence
of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     61
Table 5.—Legitimate and Illegitimate Births (Exclusive of Stillbirths) for the Province and Cities of 5,000 Population and over, by Place of Residence of Mother,
British Columbia, 1951     62
Table 6.—Multiple Births Classified to Show Number of Children Born Alive and
Stillborn, by Sex, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     62
Table 7.—Births (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Age of Parents,
by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     63
Table 8.—Births (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Racial Origin of
Parents, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     64
Table 9.—Births (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Birthplace of
Parents, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951     65
Infant Mortality
*Table 10.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by
Months, Classified as Rural and Urban, by Census Divisions, by Place of
Residence, British Columbia, 1951     66
* Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason sufficiently urgent. C 8 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Page
Table 11.—Total Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) and Deaths in Institutions of
Children Under One Year, by Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence,
British Columbia, 1951     66
Table 12.—Total Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) and Deaths in Institutions of
Children Under One Year, in Cities of 5,000 Population and Over, by Place of
Occurrence and Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951...           66
Table 13.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Age at
Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     67
Table 14.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified
According to Racial Origin, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     67
Table 15.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified
According to Birthplace of Parents, by Place of Residence, British Columbia,
1951         68
Table 16.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) from
Certain Specified Causes, by Sex and Month of Death, by Place of Residence,
British Columbia, 1951     69
Table 17.—Deaths of Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) from
Certain Specified Causes, by Sex and Age at Death, by Place of Residence,
British Columbia, 1951     70
General Mortality
Table 18.—Total Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) and Deaths in Institutions, by
Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     71
Table 19.—Total Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) and Deaths in Institutions, in
Cities and Villages of 1,000 Population and over, by Place of Occurrence and
Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     72
Table 20.—Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Single Years of Age and Age-groups,
by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     73
Table 21.—Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Racial Origin,
by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951         76
Table 22.—Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Birthplace, by
Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     77
*Table 23.—Deaths (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Birthplace of
Parents, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     78
Table 24.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List), by Sex and Age, by Place of
Residence, British Columbia, 1951     78
Table 25.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Sex, Marital Status, Birthplace,
and Month of Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951     84
*Table 26.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Sex and Age, by Place of
Residence, Vancouver, 1951     90
*Table 27.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Sex, Marital Status, Birthplace,
and Month of Death, by Place of Residence, Vancouver, 1951     90
*Table 28.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Sex and Age, by Place of
Residence, Victoria, 1951     90
*Table 29.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Sex, Marital Status, Birthplace,
and Month of Death, by Place of Residence, Victoria, 1951     90
Table 30.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Census Divisions, by Place of
Residence, British Columbia, 1951     92
Table 31.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) by Cities and Villages of 1,000
Population and over, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951  100
* Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason sufficiently urgent. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951 C 9
Marriages
Page
Table 32.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1951  105
Table 33.—Marriages by Marital Status of Bridegroom and Bride, British Columbia,
1951  105
Table 34.—Marriages by Age of Bridegroom and Bride, British Columbia, 1951  106
Table 35.—Marriages by Religious Denomination of Bridegroom and Bride, British
Columbia, 1951  107
Table 36.—Marriages by Birthplace of Bridegroom and Bride, British Columbia,
1951  108
Indians—Births and Deaths
Table 37.—Births of Indians (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Month, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951  109
Table 38.—Legitimate and Illegitimate Births of Indians (Exclusive of Stillbirths)
by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951  109
Table 39.—Births of Indians (Exclusive of Stillbirths) Classified According to Age
of Parents, by Place of Residence of Mother, British Columbia, 1951  110
Table 40.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by
Months, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951  111
Table 41.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by
Age at Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951  111
Table 42.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (Exclusive of Stillbirths)
from Certain Specified Causes, by Sex, by Place of Residence, British Columbia,
1951  112
Table 43.—Deaths of Indians (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Months, by Place of
Residence, British Columbia, 1951  112
Table 44.—Deaths of Indians (Exclusive of Stillbirths) by Single Years of Age and
Age-groups, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951  113
Table 45.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) of Indians, by Sex and Age, by
Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1951  114
*Table 46.—Causes of Death (Intermediate List) of Half-breeds, by Sex and Age,
British Columbia, 1951  118
Adoptions
Table 47.—Registration of Adoptions Ordered by the Supreme Court of British
Columbia, by Year of Court Order and Sex of Children, and by Whom Adopted,
1951  118
Table 48.—Registration of Adoptions Ordered by the Supreme Court of British
Columbia, by Year of Court Order and Sex and Legitimacy of Children, 1951  118
Table 49.—Registration of Adoptions Ordered by the Supreme Court of British
Columbia, by Birthplace of Children, 1951, with the Cumulative Totals from
April, 1920, to December 31st, 1951  118
Divorces
Table 50.—Registration of Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage, and
Judicial Separation Ordered by the Supreme Court of British Columbia, by
Duration of Marriage, 1947-51  119
Table 51.—Registration of Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage, and
Judicial Separation Ordered by the Supreme Court of British Columbia, by
Number and Sex of Children Affected, 1947-51    119
Table 52.—Registration of Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage, and
Judicial Separation Ordered by the Supreme Court of British Columbia, by Sex
of Petitioner, 1947-51  119
* Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason sufficiently urgent. ' Vital Statistics Report, 1951
INTRODUCTION
This is the Eightieth Report of the Vital Statistics of British Columbia, and it covers
the calendar year January 1st to December 31st, 1951.
The Report is divided into three parts. Part I presents, in summary form, the
pertinent vital statistics data of the Province for the current year, together with comparative figures for earlier years. Brief narrative comments have been made as a guide to
the more important features of the statistics, and graphs have been included to assist the
reader in following time trends. Once again considerable care should be exercised when
studying those mortality tables which include statistics for the years prior to 1950. It
was in this year that a major change in the death classification system took place, with
the implementation of the Sixth Revision of the International Statistical Classification of
Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death, and the adoption of Regulations Number One
of the World Health Organization. As a result, not only were there amendments within
the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death, but
also the method of selecting the underlying cause of death in a joint cause sequence was
changed. Previously the underlying cause was determined by the application of arbitrary
rules of selection, whereas under the new procedure the certifying physician's preference
is accepted.
It should be noted that birth, death, and stillbirth statistics for 1944 and later years
have been tabulated by place of residence, whereas prior to 1944 the practice had been
to present the data on the basis of place of occurrence. The method of having tabulations
based on place of residence is generally found more useful, but it is important to be
aware of the change-over when comparing statistics relating to periods before and after
January 1st, 1944.
In Part II there is a brief discussion of each of the various activities carried out
within the Division. The presentation of this information has been rearranged in this
year's Report. In addition, a new table which indicates the number of revenue-producing
certifications issued by the central office of the Division during the last six years has been
added, together with certain modifications and expansions of existing tables. All this
has been done with a view to presenting the reader with a clearer and more complete
picture of the many services performed by the Division of Vital Statistics. It will be
noted from this outline that an increase was experienced in practically all phases of the
work, reflecting itself in a new high in revenue received during 1951. The description
of the statistical services indicates the increasing scope in this important aspect of the
Division's functions. It will be noted that the tables referring to cities and villages of
1,000 population and over show only those places whose populations had attained 1,000
at the time of the 1941 Census. When these tables were being tabulated, the 1951
Census figures were not available for revising the list. However, the final census counts
for cities and villages were released prior to the printing of this Report, and they have
been included in Table 2 of Part I.
Part III of the Report presents a series of detailed tables covering births, deaths,
marriages, adoptions, and divorces for 1951. Separate tables dealing with the Indian
population of the Province are included.
11 C  12
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Map Showing Statistical Publication Areas, British Columbia VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 13
PART  1.—GENERAL STATISTICAL SUMMARY
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE
POPULATION SUMMARY
The 1951 Decennial Census population of the Province was 1,165,210, an increase
of 347,349 over the 1941 Census population of 817,861. The increase for the ten-year
period was 42 per cent, with the age-groups under 5 years and over 70 years increasing
by 111 per cent and 90 per cent respectively.
The population breakdown by sex for the year 1951 showed that 51.2 per cent
of the total population was males. In the age-groups under 20 years of age the
percentage of the population that was males ranged from 51.2 to 50.6 per cent. The next
two age-groups, 20 to 29 and 30 to 39, had a larger female population, which accounted
for 51.5 and 51.6 per cent of the total in these age-groups. All age-groups over 40 years
of age showed a higher percentage of males. In these groups the percentage of male
population was higher than the 51.2 per cent for the total population. In the 60 to 69
age-group 55.5 per cent of the people were males, and in the 70 and over age-group
54.6 per cent.
A study of the age-groupings in the 1951 Provincial population revealed that 53
per cent of the inhabitants are 30 years of age or over, compared to 46 per cent in this
age-group for all of Canada. On the same basis, the age-group 60 years and over
constituted 16 per cent of the Provincial population and only 11 per cent of the Canadian.
In the last ten years there has been a marked increase in the population 60 years of
age and over. This age-group has increased by 64 per cent, from 110,504 persons in
1941 to 181,674 in 1951. During this same period the Canadian population in this
age-group rose only 36 per cent. The marked increase in this Province's proportion
of older population points up the fact that British Columbia may expect in the future
an increase in general mortality rates due to this ageing factor alone. C 14
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Table 1.—Estimated Total Population, by Sex and Age-group,
British Columbia, 1921-51
(In thousands.)
Year
Total
Age-group
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-t>9
70 and
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
Years
Over
1921
T,
524.6
293.4
49.8
25.0
54.3
27.4
45.3
22.8
37.7
19.2
76.6
39.7
101.1
60.0
80.4
50.3
46.3
29.1
23.5
14.6
9.6
M.
5.3
F.
231.2
24.8
26.9
22.5
18.5
36.9
41.1
30.1
17.2
8.9
4.3
1931
__T.
694.3
385.2
52.0
26.2
59.2
30.1
59.9
30.2
62.4
31.9
107.5
58.1
98.8
54.1
112.5
68.1
79.2
49.0
41.8
25.6
21.0
M.
11.9
F.
309.1
25.8
29.1
29.7
30.5
49.4
44.7
44.4
30.2
16.2
9.1
1941
...    .       T.
817.8
435.0
59.5
30.1
54.8
27.9
60.7
30.6
66.6
33.7
141.3
70.1
117.8
63.3
100.6
53.8
106.0
61.5
72.0
42.4
38.5
M.
21.6
F.
382.8
29.4
26.9
30.1
32.9
71.2
54.5
46.8
44.5
29.6
16.9
1947
T.
870.0
67.6
58.2
63.0
68.1
154.2
128.6
104.6
108.2
76.5
41.0
M.
458.5
34.4
29.5
31.7
34.1
74.8
68.2
56.0
62.1
44.8
22.9
F.
411.5
33.2
28.7
31.3
34.0
79.4
60.4
48.6
46.1
31.7
18.1
1943
T.
900.0
74.7
60.5
63.7
68.1
159.0
135.5
106.9
108.2
79.9
43.5
M.
471.8
38.1
30.6
32.1
33.9
76.4
71.1
57.4
61.4
46.6
24.2
F.
428.2
36.6
29.9
31.6
34.2
82.6
64.4
49.5
46.8
33.3
19.3
1944
T.
932.0
82.1
64.3
63.4
69.4
163.5
142.3
109.9
108.0
83.4
45.7
M.
486.1
41.9
32.5
32.1
34.3
77.9
73.6
59.3
60.6
48.5
25.4
F.
445.9
40.2
31.8
31.3
35.1
85.6
68.7
50.6
47.4
34.9
20.3
1945
   T.
949.0
491.5
85.7
43.4
66.5
33.3
63.7
31.9
70.1
34.7
165.4
78.4
146.5
75.0
111.5
60.2
106.8
59.0
85.6
49.6
47.2
M.
26.0
F.
457.5
42.3
33.2
31.8
35.4
87.0
71.5
51.3
47.8
36.0
21.2
1946
T.
1,003.0
91.1
73.6
67.1
71.5
175.5
159.2
118.5
107.6
88.0
50.9
M.
521.7
46.7
37.3
34.0
35.5
85.1
81.4
64.1
58.8
50.7
28.1
F.
481.3
44.4
36.3
33.1
36.0
90.4
77.8
54.4
48.8
37.3
22.8
1947
-T.
1,044.0
98.8
78.8
70.0
72.2
179.0
166.2
123.4
108.5
91.6
55.5
M.
542.4
51.0
40.0
35.7
35.8
86.4
84.5
66.6
59.0
52.5
30.9
F.
501.6
47.8
38.8
34.3
36.4
92.6
81.7
56.8
49.5
39.1
24.6
1948
 T.
1,082.0
106.7
82.0
72.0
72.4
178.4
166.6
127.8
114.1
100.5
61.5
M.
562.5
55.5
40.5
36.7
36.5
86.9
82.2
68.2
63.1
58.0
34.9
F.
519.5
51.2
41.5
35.3
35.9
91.5
84.4
59.6
51.0
42.5
26.6
1949
T.
1,114.0
577.8
113.7
58.9
87.5
43.9
74.6
37.7
72.3
36.7
177.4
86.4
170.9
83.6
132.1
70.0
114.9
62.5
103.5
58.6
66.1
M.
37.0
F.
536.2
54.8
43.6
36.9
35.6
91.0
87.3
62.1
52.4
44.9
29.1
1950
.   ._    ...    -T.
1,138.0
120.0
91.3
76.9
71.5
175.4
176.0
137.2
113.7
105.5
69.5
M.
588.8
61.5
45.7
39.0
36.3
85.3
85.5
72.5
60.7
59.2
38.6
F.
549.2
58.5
45.6
37.9
35.2
90.1
90.5
64.7
53.0
46.3
30.9
1951
 T.
1,165.2
125.9
99.9
78.6
70.2
171.4
182.1
143.3
112.1
108.5
73.2
M.
597.0
64.2
51.0
39.8
35.8
83.1
88.1
76.3
58.5
60.2
40.0
F.
568.2
61.7
48.9
38.8
34.4
88.3
94.0
67.0
53.6
48.3
33.2
Source: Dominion Bureau of Statistics Reference Paper No. 40, February, 1953. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1951 C 15
Table 2.—Populations of Organized Areas, British Columbia, 1951
Area
Population
Area
Population
Cities
3,323
1,126
5,663
2,553
3,621
971
2,784
877
2,551
1,646
809
8,099
730
8,517
5,933
2,094
1,251
7,196
6,772
28,639
15,687
10,584
7,845
3,232
2,246
4,703
8,546
2,917
4,604
1,201
374
11,430
344,833
7,822
51,331
District Municipalities—Continued
Pitt Meadows 	
1,434
19,186
28,481
Courtenay  	
Salmon Arm   	
2,389
1,936
4,015
3,567
33,670
479
13,990
Greenwood.—	
Total                                  	
291,076
Villages
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay     ...                           	
Kimberley	
785
638
Burns Lake _	
801
1,986
1,329
Chapman Camp  	
Comox  ..
588
714
1,350
1,626
3,589
Fort St. John	
884
722
477
1,668
947
1,628
469
Trail	
312
807
Vernon	
489
Victoria	
Mission  _	
2,668
771
Total	
572,510
1,979
1,000
899
58,376
2,069
13,677
1,402
15,697
6,701
10,153
369
1,119
1,725
12,267
9,891
10,308
4,467
6,665
14,469
11,960
614
Burnaby _	
882
459
Chilliwhack 	
771
1,587
593
Delta _	
339
1,204
589
Glenmore	
Kent _ —
Stewart      _
283
961
302
644
Matsqui	
Westview.	
3,507
913
North Cowichan...: _ 	
Total _	
Total, organized areas	
42,160
905,746
Source:   1951 Census of Canada. C  16
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA
The number of births in the Province continued its upward trend in 1951. This
year showed the largest number ever recorded, 28,077 births, an increase of 776 over
1949, the previous high year. The birth rate, 24.1 per 1,000 population, increased
over 1950 but was still lower than the 1947 rate of 25.2. The Province, as in 1950,
had the lowest birth rate in the Dominion. Ontario recorded the next lowest birth rate
of 25.0 per 1,000 population, and Newfoundland recorded the highest of 32.5.
In 1951 the death rate per 1,000 population was 10.0, which was a slight
improvement over the 1950 rate of 10.2. Although the rate improved, the number of
deaths increased to 11,638, reflecting the increase in population. The Province had the
highest death rate in the Dominion. Ontario was next with a rate of 9.6, and Alberta
had the lowest rate of 7.6.
The number of marriages performed in the Province during 1951 increased over
those performed in 1950. This year was the first that an increase has been recorded
since 1948. The marriage rate per 1,000 population declined slightly from 9.8 in 1950
to 9.7 in 1951. Compared with the marriage rate of 9.2 for the Dominion, British
Columbia retained a high rate. The rate for the Province has been consistently higher
than the Dominion rate since 1939.
Table 3.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates,
British Columbia, 1911-51
(Rates per 1,000 population.)
Year
Population
Births
Deaths
Marriages
Number
Rate
Number
Rate
Number
Rate
1911      _     	
393,000
407,000
424,000
442,000
450,000
456,000
464,000
474,000
488,000
507,000
525,000
541,000
555,000
571,000
588,000
606,000
623,000
641,000
659,000
676,000
694,000
707,000
717,000
727,000
5,841
8,008
9,199
10,418
10,516
9,841
9,450
9,445
9,506
10,492
10,653
10,166
10,001
10,119
10,342
10,063
10,084
10,385
10,378
10,867
10,404
10,214
9,583
9,813
14.9
19.7
21.7
23.6
23.4
21.6
20.4
19.9
19.5
20.7
20.3
18.8
18.0
17.7
17.6
16.6
16.2
16.2
15.7
16.1
15.0
14.4
13.4
13.5
13.6
14.2
14.9
16.1
15.6
17.2
18.4
19.3
20.9
20.4
19.9
22.5
25.2
24.0
24.5
23.8
3,660
4,313
4,619
3,974
3,832
3,887
3,896
5,394
5,792
4,739
4,208
4,907
4,997
5,004
4,945
5,474
5,750
5,910
6,397
6,400
6,114
6,150
6,221
6,378
6,857
7,222
7,973
7,460
7,517
8,315
8,505
8,869
10,012
9,697
9,756
10,137
10,613
11,316
11,315
11,581
11,638
9.3
10.6
11.9
9.0
8.5
8.5
8.4
11.4
11.9
9.3
8.0
9.1
9.0
8.8
8.4
9.0
9.2
9.2
9.7
9.5
8.8
8.7
8.7
8.8
9.3
9.7
10.5
9.6
9.5
10.3
10.4
10.2
11.1
10.4
10.3
10.1
10.2
10.5
10.2
10.2
10.0
4,509
5,235
5,012
4,296
3,393
3,169
2,861
2,858
3,740
4,690
3,889
3,763
3,943
4,038
4,223
4,418
4,720
4,942
5,155
4,697
3,879
3,604
4,048
4,771
5,034
5,451
6,191
6,135
7,862
9,624
9,769
10,877
9,385
8,434
9,262
11,762
11,852
11,718
11.376
11.5
1912	
1913	
12.9
11.8
1914                            _ _
9.7
1915	
1916 _ _	
1917     	
7.5
6.9
6.2
1918 _	
1919                                   	
6.0
7.7
1920 ~  .
1921     	
9.3
7.4
1922                                         -       .. -          	
7.0
1923                              	
7.1
1924	
7.1
1925  	
7.2
1926                     	
7.3
1927                              .	
7.6
1928                            	
7.7
1929	
1930                	
7.8
6.9
1931                                                    .
5.6
1932                           _	
5.1
1933                           -	
5.6
1934      _	
6.6
1935                           ..            .	
736,000
745,000
759,000
775,000
792,000
805,000
818,000
870,000
900,000
932,000
949,000
1,003,000
1,044,000
1,082,000
1,114,000
1,138,000
1,165,210
10,013
10,571
11,279
12,476
12,373
13,830
15,038
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
27,301
27.116
6.8
1936	
7.3
1937  _   -
8.2
1938
7.9
1930
9.9
1940                                       -	
12.0
1941                            _ _	
11.9
1942                                    	
12.5
1943 	
10.4
1944                               	
9.0
1945                             „        _	
9.8
1946                              ~    -	
11.7
1947                            	
11.4
1°48
10.8
1040
10.2
1950                	
11,110    |      9.8
1951	
28.077    1    24.1
11.272     1       9.7 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C  17
Graph A.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates,
British Columbia, 1911-51
(Rates per 1,000 population.)
^^ BIRTHS
/     \
:w
*--*-«.
_     DEATHS
f ■—"
V'
 L.    1       1       1
1      1      1      1
I      i      i      r
BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES
Male births in the total population exceeded female births by 5.6 per cent, whereas
in 1950 the excess was only 4.6 per cent. Likewise, in the population excluding Indians,
the male births exceeded female births by 5.0 per cent, whereas in 1950 the excess was
only 4.2 per cent. A consideration of the death rates by sex in the total population
revealed that the rate for males for the years 1950 and 1951 remained constant at 12.2
per 1,000 population, but the rate for females declined from 7.8 to 7.6.
Table 4a.—Number of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages (Including
Indians), British Columbia, 1947-51
Year
Live Births
Deaths
Marriages
Male
Female
Male
Female
1947.       .	
1948 _	
1949   	
1950
13,405
13,322
13,957
13,887
12,881
12,652
13,344
13,229
6,626
7,055
7,100
7,204
3,987
4,261
4,215
4,377
11,852
11,718
11,376
11,110
1951  ■ '  	
14,418
13,659
7,311
4,327
11,272
Table 4b.—Number of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages (Excluding
Indians), British Columbia, 1947-51
Year
Live Births
Male        Female
Deaths
Male
Female
Marriages
1947...
1948-.
1949..
1950-
1951...
12,703
12,633
13,217
13,159
13,647
12,203
12,009
12,673
12,557
13,000
6,276
6,748
6,756
6,874
7,012
3,654
3,953
3,927
4,126
4,062
11,671
11,499
11,199
10,933
11,061 C  18
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
NATURAL INCREASE
The excess of births over deaths for both sexes in the Province continued to rise
and reached a record high this year of 16,439. Despite this, the rate of natural increase
per 1,000 population was less than the 1947 record figure of 15.0. British Columbia
had the lowest rate of natural increase of the Provinces in the Dominion in 1951, the rate
being only 14.1 per 1,000 population. The next lowest rate was that of 15.4 in Ontario,
while the higest was 24.2, recorded in Newfoundland.
Table 5.—Natural Increase, British Columbia, 1947-51
Male
Female
Both
Sexes
Population
(Estimated)
Rate of
Year
Births
Deaths
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths
Births
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths
Natural
Increase
per 1,000
Population
•
Deaths
1947 	
1948 _	
1949       	
1950	
1951	
13,405
13,332
13,957
13,887
14,418
6,626
7,055
7,100
7,204
7,311
6,779
6,277
6,857
6,683
7,107
12,881
12,652
13,344
13,229
13,659
3,987
4,261
4,215
4,377
4,327
8,894
8,391
9,129
8,852
9,332
15,673
14,668
15,986
15,535
16,439
1,044,000
1,082,000
1,114,000
1,138,000
1,165,210!
15.0
13.6
14.4
13.7
14.1
Census population.
ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS
The number of illegitimate births continued its upward trend, rising from 1,593
in 1950 to 1,633 in 1951, but the rate per 1,000 live births dropped from 58.7 to 58.2.
On the other hand, the rate for the population excluding Indians rose from 46.5 in 1950
to 47.1 in 1951. British Columbia has the second highest rate of illegitimacy in the
Dominion, exceeded only by Nova Scotia with a rate of 67 per 1,000 live births.
Table 6.—Illegitimate Births, British Columbia, 1942-51
Including Indians
Excluding Indians
Year
Number
Rate per 1,000
Live Births
Number
Rate per 1,000
Live Births
194?
759
827
1,048
1,121
1,262
1,502
1,585
1,639
1.593
45.2
44.0
55.2
59.4
55.8
57.1
61.0
60.0
58.7
606
633
777
847
958
1,183
1,228
1,281
1.195
38.4
1943
35.8
1°44
43.7
1945
44.9
1°46
45.0
1°47
47.5
1°48
49.8
1°4°
49.5
1°50
46.5
1951                          _ _	
1.633    1         58.2          1    1.255    1         47.1 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 19
Graph B.—Illegitimate Birth Rates, British Columbia, 1942-51
(Rates per 1,000 live births.)
RATE
65
4>   __
EXCLUDING
INDIANS
^
^"'
	
4
/
/
"****"
K
/
f
7
'
19« 1943        1944 1945        1946 1947        1948 1949        1950 1951 C 20
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
BIRTHS AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS
Both births in institutions and total births showed an increase over all previous
years. The percentage of total births occurring in institutions, 97.3 per cent, was the
highest ever recorded.
In 1951 the increase in deaths occurring in institutions over 1950 was 285, compared
with an increase of 57 in total deaths. The percentage of total deaths occurring in
institutions, 62.9 per cent, was also the highest ever recorded.
Table 7.—Number and Percentage of Total Births and Deaths
in Institutions, British Columbia, 1942-51
Births
Deaths
Year
Total
In
Institutions
Percentage
of Total in
Institutions
Total
In
Institutions
Percentage
of Total in
Institutions
1942 	
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
27,301
15,000
17,319
17,686
17,649
21,470
25,134
24,960
26,387
26,281
27,310
89.2
92.1
93.1
93.5
95.0
95.6
96.1
96.7
96.9
97.3
8,869
10,012
9,697
9,756
10.137
10,613
11,316
11,315
11,581
11,638
4,920
5,783
5,846
5,734
5,911
6,419
6,739
7,007
7,030
7,315
55.5
1943  	
57.8
1944	
60.3
1945 	
58.8
1946	
58.3
1947..	
60.5
1948	
59.6
1949 	
61.9
1950 _	
27,116
28,077
60.7
1951	
62.9
AGE AND SEX MORTALITY
Table 8 shows the number of male and female deaths, in age-groups, for the years
1931, 1941, and 1947 to 1951, inclusive. The male deaths considerably outnumbered
the female in most age-groups. However, since the population distribution was different
amongst the age-groups, age-specific death rates were necessary to reflect the actual risk
of dying in each group. These age-specific rates, shown by sex in Table 9, were computed by relating the number of deaths in age-groups to the population in that specific
age-group.
In 1951 the pattern of age-sex specific death rates showed a high rate for the first year
of life, followed by a very dramatic improvement in the groups 1 to 4 years and 5 to 9
years. Thereafter, the number of deaths per 1,000 population increased for each age-
group. The risk of dying increased gradually with each successive age-group between
10 and 50 years of age but remained relatively low. After 50 years of age the risk of
dying increased more sharply in each age-group, reaching a very high rate in the 90-
and-over group of 288 for males and 285 for females, per 1,000 population.
It will also be noted in studying the 1951 age-sex specific death rates that males died
at a higher rate than females in all age-groups except the 1-4-year group. The ratio of
male deaths to female was 1.3 for the under 1-year group, dropping to less than 1 for the
1-4-year group. The highest ratio of 2.4 was in the 20-29-year group. In the age-
groups between 30 and 69 years of age the ratio remained relatively constant at approximately 1.7 male deaths for every female death. The ratio decreased for each age-group
over 70 and was approximately 1 to 1 in the 90-and-over group.
The age-specific rates pointed out the considerable improvement in death rate for
all ages below 50. In 1931 there were 60 male infant deaths for every 1,000 male infants;
by 1951 the number dropped to 36. In the 5-9-year age-group there were only a third as
many deaths per 1,000 population in 1950 as in 1931 for both males and females.
Between the ages of 50 and 79 years the death rate for males remained fairly constant VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 21
over the twenty-year period, while the rate for females improved.   Over 80 years of age,
the death rate for both sexes increased.
Table 8.—Age and Sex Mortality, British Columbia, 1931, 1941, 1947-51
Year and Sex
.j
0.
cs
u
cs
V
>
>■
o\
»
A
in
7*
73
147
52
133
60
132
34
86
54
125
37
70
64
109
36
69
48
121
34
55
61
84
34
59
42
103
27
51
m
a
Hi
tA
cs
ii
9
M
as
cn
A
238
234
181
183
219
224
124
155
221
251
151
165
184
262
134
157
186
211
128
176
177
222
112
154
201
228
86
138
>*
O
c
A
o
o\
252
31
191
31
603
58
456
96
813
102
625
125
935
128
739
136
1931  M.
F.
1941    M.
F.
1947    M.
F.
1948    M.
F.
1949  M.
F.
1950   M.
F.
1951 _ _ M.
F.
292
222
316
236
565
394
500
368
516
342
108
99
101
59
120
84
111
79
108
84
460 | 106
345 89
487 86
352
442
240
340
215
390
223
415
245
433
226
418
251
406
221
629
280
834
372
801
421
819
409
812
425
786
411
741
417
672
377
1,239
608
1,644
776
1,744
877
1,805
819
1,858
855
1,766
801
612
379
1,218
711
1,533
913
1,777
1,011
1,762
1,108
1,918
1,164
2,037
1,205
985 | 111 |
672  146
995
770
1,064
769
115
142
144
171
16
3,746
2,368
5,352
3,153
6,626
3,987
7 055
4",261
7,100
4,215
7,204
4,377
7,311
4,327
Table 9.—Age-Sex Specific Death Rates, British Columbia, 1931, 1941, 1947-51
(Rates per 1,000 population.)
Year and Sex
5
M
a
U
>H
><
n-
as
rj
in
a
Hi
>
>i
m
A
o
cn
1931  M.
F.
1941 M.
F.
1947     M,
F.
1948   M.
F.
1949   M.
F.
1950   M.
F.
1951  M.
F.
60.0
47.7
50.2
38.6
53.2
38.0
43.7
33.3
44.1
30.3
34.1
29.9
36.1
27.4
5.0
4.7
4.2
2.5
3.0
2.3
2.5
1.9
2.3
2.0
2.2
2.0
1.7
1.8
2.4
2.4
1.8
2.2
2.2
2.1
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.7
1.0
0.9
1.6
1.5
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.6
0.8
0.8
1.3
1.1
0.7
0.8
0.8
1.3
0.6
0.7
4.1
3.7
3.1
1.7
2.6
1.6
2.1
1.5
2.2
1.4
2.1
1.2
2.4
1.0
4.3
4.1
3.5
2.8
3.0
2.0
3.2
1.9
2.5
2.0
2.6
1.7
2.6
1.5
6.5
5.4
6.3
4.6
5.9
3.9
6.1
4.1
6.2
3.6
5.8
3.9
5.3
3.3
12.9
9.3
13.6
8.4
13.6
8.5
13.0
8.0
13 0
8.1
12.9
7.8
12.7
7.8
26.4
23.2
29.2
20.5
31.3
19.8
30.1
20.6
30.8
18.2
31.4
18.5
29.4
16.6
61.9
142.1
52.5
115.3
69.2
158.7
54.3
130.3
62.1
142.6
47.8
125.0
64.2
139.6
48.6
139.4
59.5
142.8
48.8
115.9
61.7
142.1
48.5
122.2
62.7
149.9
46.0
122.1
258.3
202.6
290.0
320.0
I 204.0
250.0
256.0
272.0
222.0
243.3
230.0
236.7
288.0
285.5
PRINCIPAL CAUSATIVE FACTORS OF MORTALITY
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
In studying the causes of death over the past ten years the change, in 1950, from the
Fifth Revision to the Sixth Revision of the International Statistical Classification of
Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death must be kept in mind. Some of the categories
shown in Tables 10a and 10b were not completely comparable for the two revisions. For
example, vascular lesions increased from 913 deaths in 1949 to 1,194 in 1950. Part of
this increase was a result of the change in coding. However, the categories were broad
enough in all instances to indicate a fairly accurate trend. The figures for 1950 and 1951
are comparable as the Sixth Revision coding procedure was employed for both years.
It will be noted in studying the " per cent of total deaths " columns in Table 10a
that diseases of the heart accounted for more than 35.3 per cent of all deaths in 1951.
The next most important cause, malignant neoplasms, caused 14.9 per cent, which was
less than half the percentage for diseases of the heart. The three most important causes—
diseases of the heart, malignant neoplasms, and vascular lesions—totalled more than 60 C 22 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
per cent of all deaths. In comparing 1951 with 1942 the percentage of deaths caused by
diseases of the heart have increased from 29.0 to 35.3. On the other hand, the percentage
for malignant neoplasms remained relatively constant. The three most important causes
increased from 49.9 to 60.5 per cent of the total in 1951 over 1942. Tuberculosis,
however, showed a great improvement over the ten-year period. In 1942 the disease
accounted for 6.3 per cent of all deaths, while in 1951 only 2.5.
The death rate per 100,000 population in 1951 for the Province was 998.8, as compared to 897.1 for the Dominion. The three leading causes of death, in Table 10a—
diseases of the heart, malignant neoplasms, and vascular lesions—are degenerative
diseases. The total death rate for these three diseases in British Columbia is 603.2 per
100,000 population, while the rate for the same diseases for the Dominion is 500.5. The
difference in rates is due mainly to the larger proportion of older people in the Province.
Accidents, the fourth leading cause, not only increased in numbers over 1950, but
also in the death rate. The Province had a very high accident death rate, 81.4 per 100,000
population, compared to the rate of 57.4 for the Dominion. The rate was the highest
of all the Provinces, with Ontario next at 60.5.
The fifth leading cause of death, pneumonia, showed a slight increase over 1950.
When Indians were excluded, the rate became more favourable and ranked sixth in
leading causes.
Diseases of early infancy have increased slightly in number but the death rate
declined. The Dominion had a death rate of 51.6 per 100,000 population, and the
Province is only 36.8.
Tuberculosis, diseases of the arteries, suicide, and congenital malformations combined accounted for 7.0 per cent of all deaths. The tuberculosis mortality rate decreased
in incidence more than 50 per cent over the past ten years, while the other three diseases
remained relatively constant in death rate.
Table 10a shows several changes in ratings. Pneumonia and diseases of early
infancy switched places, with pneumonia taking fifth place. In addition, diseases of the
arteries and suicides alternated the eighth and ninth position. Finally, congenital malformations moved up from the eleventh leading cause of death in 1950 to the tenth in
1951, replacing nephritis.
In the same way, Table 10b, showing the figures for the population excluding Indians,
registered two changes in rating. Diseases of the arteries and suicides switched places,
with the former eighth and the latter ninth. Congenital malformations became the tenth
leading cause. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 23
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C 25
THE FOUR CHIEF CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE
DIFFERENT AGE-GROUPS
The four chief causes of death in the different age-groups are shown in Tables 11a
and 11b. The tables are broken down as follows: The total number of deaths in each
age-group, the deaths in age-groups for the specified leading causes, the percentage of
total deaths in the age-group for the specified causes, the age-specific death rate, and total
deaths for all ages by the specified leading cause.
Immaturity, congenital malformations, pneumonia, and postnatal asphyxia and
atelectasis, in this order, were the four leading causes of death for the population under
1 year of age. The four causes combined accounted for 58 per cent of all infant deaths,
with immaturity alone causing 20 per cent. When Indian infants were excluded, the
order changed to immaturity, postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis, congenital malformations, and injury at birth; pneumonia was replaced by injury at birth. Deaths from
respiratory diseases were more prominent in Indian infants.
In each age-group from 1 to 39 years, accidents were the chief cause of death by
a large percentage. They accounted for 37 per cent of all deaths in these age-groups.
Tuberculosis ranked within the first four leading causes in these same age-groups but
accounted for only 11 per cent of all deaths from 1 to 39 years. Malignant neoplasms
appeared in all groups except the 1-4 age-group. This disease caused 8 per cent of all
deaths in the age-groups 1 to 39 years.
Accidental deaths remained relatively the same in number for age-groups over 40
years of age, but they were outnumbered by the degenerative diseases. Diseases of the
heart and malignant neoplasms ranked first and second respectively in all age-groups
except for over 80 years of age, where vascular lesions ranked second. Vascular lesions
affecting the central nervous system was one of the four leading causes in all age-groups
over 40 years of age. The three degenerative diseases, diseases of the heart, malignant
neoplasms, and vascular lesions, caused 70 per cent of the total deaths in the above-
mentioned age-group.   Diseases of the heart alone accounted for 41 per cent of this total.
The order for leading causes of death in the groups over 40 years of age remained
the same for the population excluding Indians. However, the three degenerative diseases
accounted for 74 per cent of deaths in this age-group.
Table 1 1a.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
(Including Indians), British Columbia, 1951
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death
Per Cent of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes
Age-specific
Death Rate
per 1,000
Population
Deaths
from
Specified
Causes at
All Ages
774-776
750-759
490-493, 763
762
800-965
490-493
001-019
571-572
750-759
500-502
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 839
1. Immaturity..... -  	
2. Congenital malformations 	
3. Pneumonia  -	
4. Postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis	
1-4 Years—Deaths, 175
1. Accidental deaths  —	
2. Pneumonia.-.   — 	
2. Tuberculosis  	
3. Gastro-enteritis and colitis	
4. Congenital malformations— _	
4. Bronchitis 	
158
130
99
97
55
15
15
11
9
9
18.8
15.5
11.8
11.6
31.4
8.6
8.6
6.3
5.1
5.1
6.00
4.94
3.76
3.68
0.55
0.15
0.15
0.11
0.09
0.09
158
155
467
97
949
467
292
78
155
59 C 26
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Table 11a.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
.    (Including Indians), British Columbia, 1951—Continued
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death
Per Cent of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes
Age-specific
Death Rate
per 1,000
Population
Deaths
from
Specified
Causes at
All Ages
800-965
140-205
001-019
490-493
400-402
800-965
001-019
140-205
410-443
800-965
001-019
140-205
970-979
800-965
410-443
140-205
001-019
410-443
140-205
800-965
330-334
410-443
140-205
800-965
330-334
410-443
140-205
330-334
800-965
410-443
140-205
330-334
490-493
411M43
330-334
140-205
490-493
5-9 Years—Deaths, 69
Accidental deaths	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Tuberculosis	
Pneumonia	
10-19 Years—Deaths, 154
1. Accidental deaths.. _ _. 	
2. Tuberculosis  	
3. Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lym
phatic and haematopoietic tissues-
Diseases of heart..
20-29 Years—Deaths, 287
Accidental deaths.-
Tuberculosis	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues 	
Suicides   	
30-39 Years—Deaths, 366
Accidental deaths-
Diseases of heart—.
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues  	
Tuberculosis    _
40-49 Years—Deaths, 627
Diseases of heart.  	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Accidental deaths	
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
50-59 Years—Deaths, 1,158
Diseases of heart..  	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Accidental deaths	
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
60-69 Years—Deaths, 2,567
Diseases of heart  	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues.
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
Accidental deaths-   	
70-79 Years—Deaths, 3,242
1. Diseases of heart  ,	
2. Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lym
phatic and haematopoietic tissues
3. Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
4. Pneumonia.
80 Years and over—Deaths, 2,143
Diseases of heart..
1
2. Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
3. Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
4. Pneumonia   	
24
6
5
5
5
70
24
137
34
19
18
104
55
44
41
163
126
116
33
395
282
105
78
1,062
505
267
109
1,427
546
452
113
982
337
176
136
34.8
8.7
7.2
7.2
7.2
45.5
15.6
7.1
3.3
47.7
11.8
6.6
6.3
28.4
15.0
12.0
11.2
26.0
20.1
18.5
5.3
34.1
24.4
9.1
6.7
41.4
19.7
10.4
4.2
44.0
16.8
13.9
3.5
45.8
15.7
8.2
6.3
0.24
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.05
0.47
0.16
0.07
0.03
0.80
0.20
0.11
0.10
0.57
0.30
0.24
0.23
1.14
0.88
0.81
0.23
3.52
2.52
0.94
0.70
9.79
4.65
2.46
1.00
24.28
9.29
7.79
1.92
68.07
23.36
12.20
9.43
949
1,731
292
467
22
949
292
1,731
4,103
949
292
1,731
166
949
1,103
1,731
292
4,103
1,731
949
1,194
4,103
1,731
949
1,194
4,103
1,731
1,194
949
4,103
1,731
1,194
467
4,103
1,194
1,731
467 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 27
Table 11b.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
(Excluding Indians), British Columbia, 1951
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death
Per Cent of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes
Age-specific
Death Rate
per 1,000
Population
Deaths
from
Specified
Causes at
All Ages
774-776
762
750-759
760-761
800-965
140-205
500-502
750-759
490-493
800-965
140-205
490-493
400-402
800-965
140-205
400-402
001-019
330-334
800-965
001-019
140-205
970-979
800-965
410-443
140-205
001-019
410-443
140-205
800-965
330-334
410-443
140-205
800-965
330-334
410-443
140-205
330-334
800-965
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 656
Immaturity	
Postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis..
Congenital malformations	
Injury at birth  	
1-4 Years—Deaths, 116
Accidental deaths..
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues. 	
Bronchitis   	
Congenital malformations-
Pneumonia	
5-9 Years—Deaths, 50
Accidental deaths..
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Pneumonia   	
Rheumatic fever 	
10-19 Years—Deaths, 120
Accidental deaths  _.
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Rheumatic fever 	
Tuberculosis   _ 	
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
20-29 Years—Deaths, 248
Accidental deaths 	
Tuberculosis   	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues 	
Suicide  	
30-39 Years—Deaths, 339
Accidental deaths-
Diseases of heart-
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues _-.
Tuberculosis.—     - 	
40-49 Years—Deaths, 594
Diseases of heart    	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and hematopoietic tissues  _..
Accidental deaths  „ 	
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous sytsem
50-59 Years—Deaths, 1,133
Diseases of heart _	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
Accidental deaths -  ,	
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
60-69 Years—Deaths, 2,527
Diseases of heart   	
Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tisssues.
Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
Accidental deaths.  	
139
93
84
78
45
9
20
6
3
3
11
4
4
4
125
21
18
15
95
S2
44
37
155
122
111
31
391
380
101
77
1,054
503
264
104
21.2
14.2
12.8
11.9
38.8
7.6
6.9
6.9
6.9
40.0
12.0
6.0
6.0
51.7
9.2
3.3
3.3
3.3
50.4
8.5
7.3
6.0
28.0
15.3
13.0
10.9
26.1
20.5
18.7
5.2
34.5
24.7
8.9
6.8
41.7
19.9
10.4
4.1
5.45
3.65
3.29
3.06
0.47
0.09
0.08
0.08
0.08
0.21
0.06
0.03
0.03
0.43
0.08
0.03
0.03
0.03
0.75
0.13
0.11
0.09
0.53
0.29
0.25
0.21
1.10
0.87
0.79
0.22
2.54
0.70
0.91
9.81
4.68
2.46
0.97
I
139
93
149
78
878
1,718
51
149
386
878
1,718
386
20
878
1,718
20
215
1,174
878
215
1,718
162
878
4,053
1,718
215
4,053
1,718
878
1,174
I
I
3.54 4,053
1,718
878
1,174
4,053
1,718
1,174
878 C 28
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Table 11b.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
(Excluding Indians), British Columbia, 1951—Continued
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death
Per Cent of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes
Age-specific
Death Rate
per 1,000
Population
Deaths
from
Specified
Causes at
All Ages
410-443
70-79 Years—Deaths, 3,187
1,416                44.4
543                 17.0
445                 14.0
108        |          3.4
970                48.6
332        |        16.6
176        |          8.8
133                    6.7
1
1
I
24.39                4,053
140-205
2. Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lym-
1
9.35               1,718
330-334
800-965
3. Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
7.66               1,174
1.86         1          386
410-443
80 Years and over—Deaths, 1,994
68.77
4.053
330-334
140-205
490-493
2. Vascular lesions affecting the central nervous system
3. Malignant neoplasms, including neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic tissues	
23.53        I      1,174
1
12.48                1,718
9.43                   386
MORTALITY FROM CARDIOVASCULAR-RENAL DISEASES
The following table shows clearly the large proportion of all deaths among the
population which were caused by the cardiovascular-renal diseases. On the whole,
there was no change in toll taken by the disease for the two years shown. The change
came within the individual categories, with diseases of the heart and rheumatic fever up
slightly in 1951 over 1950, while the other categories showed a decrease.
In 1951, diseases of the heart accounted for 71 per cent of all deaths in the cardiovascular-renal group. The other large group, vascular lesions affecting the central
nervous system, took an additional 21 per cent. The remaining categories caused
8 per cent of the deaths.
Table 12.—Mortality from the Cardiovascular-Renal Diseases,
British Columbia, 1947-51
Sixth
Revision
Intermediate
Int. List
No.
Fifth
Revision
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Including Indians
Excluding Indians
1947
1948
1          1
1949 1 1950 ! 1951
I            1
1947
1          1          1
1948 [ 1949 1 1950 1 1951
1           1           \
A70
A79
83
58, 87a
90-95
87e, 102
96-99
100,Ilia
130-132
Vascular lesions affecting the
central nervous system1
767
18
3,369
18
162
14
363
912
11
3,713
20
204
12
429
913
15
3,755
19
176
1,194
19
4,043
89
206
1,194
22
4,103
78
195
40
126
756
15
3,318
18
161
13
359
902
10
3,664
19
203
12
421
894
9
3,705
19
175
1,174
16
3,993
89
203
1,174
20
A80-A83
A84
A85
Diseases of the heart1	
Hypertension without mention
of the heart1  ~
4,053
76
191
A 86
A108.A109
Diseases of veins	
Nephritis and nephrosis1	
Totals _	
Per cent of all deaths
Rate per 100,000 population  	
38 |     44
390     160
36 [     44
382     154
40
119
4,711 [5,301 |5,306 |5,755 |5,758
4,640
5,231 [5,220 |5,673 |5,673
44.4 | 46.8 | 46.9 | 49.7 | 49.5
46.7
48.9 | 48.9 | 51.6 | 51.2
451.2
489.9
476.3 |505.7 1494.2
'  1          1
456.2
496.3
480.9 |511.5 [499.1
1          1
1 The large increases and decreases in these categories between the years 1949 and 1950 partially resulted from the
changes in the Fifth and Sixth Revisions of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes
of Death. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 29
MORTALITY FROM THE DISEASES OF THE HEART
Arteriosclerotic and degenerative heart disease, which includes the three sub-groups,
arteriosclerotic heart disease (including coronary disease), chronic endocarditis not
specified as rheumatic, and other myocardial degenerative, accounted for four-fifths of all
deaths due to diseases of the heart. More than twice as many males died from these
diseases as females.
Diseases of the heart, as can be noted in Table 13, exacted their greatest toll on the
older age-groups. Chronic rheumatic was the only category that was spread out amongst
all age-groups.
Table 13.—Mortality from the Diseases of the Heart, by Sex
and Age-group, British Columbia, 1951
Intermediate Int.
List. No.
Type of Heart Disease
0-19
20-39
40-49
50-59     60-69
I
70-79
80-89
90 and
Over
Total
A80
A81
A82
A83
Chronic rheumatic  M.
F.
Arteriosclerotic and degenerative.M.
F.
Other diseases of the heart... M.
F.
Hypertensive  -M.
F.
I
12
8
29
7
4
2
3
1
12
17
97
17
4
2
12
15
233
80
6
3
22
24
24
27
624
220
25
84
50
13
13
751
410
32
16
102
90
3
6
413
284
18
16
52
43
Totals..
M.
F.
4    |      48
3    |      18
I	
121
42
273    |    757    |    898
122    |    305    |    529
486
349
3
2
57
63
7
5
5
6
71
76
80
91
2,2061
1,081
97
52
276
220
2.6591
1,444
1 Includes one death, age not stated.
MORTALITY FROM CANCER
The number of deaths from cancer, shown in Table 14, did not change over the
years 1950 and 1951. The site most afflicted, the stomach, declined by 25 deaths, from
261 to 236. Malignancies of the trachea and of bronchus and lung not specified as
secondary were the next in severity. The deaths resulting from cancer of this site
increased by 15, from 167 to 182. Cancer of the breast also increased; in 1950 there
were 148 deaths from this cause, while in 1951 there were 162.
Cancer of the rectum showed the largest reduction in deaths, dropping 25 from
122 to 97 deaths. Malignancies of the prostate, on the other hand, recorded the largest
increase, from 71 to 89 deaths.
Table 14.—Mortality from Cancer, British Columbia, 1950-51
Intermediate
Int. List No.
Malignant Neoplasms of-
1951
A44
A45
A46
A47
A48
A49
A50
A51
A52
A53
A54
A55
A56
A57
A58
A59
Buccal cavity and pharynx..
(Esophagus— -	
Stomach— -	
Intestine  	
Rectum  	
LarynX-
Trachea, and of bronchus and lung not specified as secondary..
Breast -   	
Cervix uteri  - —	
Other and unspecified parts of uterus.. 	
Prostate 	
Skin  _     _
Bone and connective tissue _	
Other and unspecified sites _	
Leukaemia and aleuksemia   _	
Lymphosarcoma and other neoplasms of lymphatic and haematopoietic system-
Totals     — _ 	
Per cent of all deaths	
Rate per 100,000 population .
42
32
261
168
122
5
167
148
48
42
71
21
21
452
65
64
40
34
236
160
97
12
182
162
45
41
89
18
15
459
61
80
1,729
1,731
14.9
14.9
151.9
148.6 C 30
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
MORTALITY FROM ACCIDENTS AND VIOLENCE
The following table cross-classifies accidental and violent deaths according to the
external cause and the nature of injury. Out of 1,134 accidental deaths, 876 deaths or
77 per cent were males. The only cause from which more females died than males
was fracture of limbs resulting from accidental falls. Here, there were 62 female deaths
and 32 male.
Fractures of the head caused the largest number of accidental deaths, resulting in
198 fatalities, with motor-vehicle accidents causing 46 per cent of the fractures. The
next most important category was the effects of poisons, where 36 per cent resulted from
suicides and self-inflicted injuries. The third leading injury resulting in accidental deaths
was internal injuries of chest, abdomen, and pelvis, accounting for 152 deaths. Here, 58
deaths or 38 per cent were associated with motor-vehicle accidents.
The three leading external causes resulting in death were motor-vehicle accidents
(238 deaths), suicides and self-inflicted injury (166 deaths), and accidental falls (161
deaths).   These three accounted for 50 per cent of all external causes.
Table 15.—Mortality from Accidents and Violence, by Nature of Injury,
British Columbia, 1951
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Male
Female
Total
E800-E802
E810-E835
E840-E845
E850-E858
E860-E866
E900-E904
E910-E936
E960-E965
E970-E979
E980-E985
E80O-E802
E810-E835
E840-E845
E900-E904
E910-E936
E970-E979
E980-E985
E800-E802
E810-E835
E900-E904
E910-E936
E840-E845
E850-E858
E900-E904
E810-E835
E900-E904
E910-E936
E970-E979
E980-E985
E800-E802
E810-E835
E840-E845
E860-E866
E900-E904
E910-E936
E970-E979
E980-E985
Fracture of skull (N800-N804)..
Railway accidents..
Motor-vehicle accidents	
Other road-vehicle accidents..
Water-transport accidents	
Aircraft accidents —
Accidental falls	
Other accidents	
Late effects of injury and poisoning-
Suicide and self-inflicted injury...
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war)  _   _ 	
Fracture of spine and trunk (N805-N809)	
Railway accidents  _  	
Motor-vehicle accidents.. _  	
Other road-vehicle accidents.—   	
Accidental falls   	
Other accidents..	
Suicide and self-inflicted injury-
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons
in war).
(not
Fracture of limbs (N810-N829)..
Railway accidents..
Motor-vehicle accidents-
Accidental falls	
Other accidents	
Dislocation without fracture (N830-N839)..
Other road-vehicle accidents	
Water-transport accidents  	
Accidental falls  —	
Head injury (excluding fracture) (N850-N856)..
Motor-vehicle accidents 	
Accidental falls 	
Other accidents  __	
Suicide and self-inflicted injury     	
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war)
Internal injury of chest, abdomen, and pelvis (N860-N869)..
Railway accidents-   	
Motor-vehicle accidents.—  _ 	
Other road-vehicle accidents-
Aircraft accidents 	
Accidental falls. -	
Other accidents 	
Suicide and self-inflicted injury     	
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war)   - -
75
23
7
1
74
18
3
1
2
2
26
2
48
1
1
10
2
42
2
15
2
8
10
3
2
41
2
5
32
2
3
1
1
1
86
28
11
20
24
3
127
9
39
16
7
45
6
62
62
1
1
15
6
5
1
2
1
25
19
1
1
1
1
198
8
92
4
2
2
28
48
2
10
2
51
2
18
3
13
10
3
2
103
2
5
94
2
4
1
1
2
101
34
16
21
26
4
152
9
58
1
16
8
46
7 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 31
Table 15.—Mortality from Accidents and Violence, by Nature of Injury,
British Columbia, 1951—Continued
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Male
Female
Total
E800-E802
E900-E904
E910-E936
E970-E979
E980-E985
E910-E936
E910-E936
E800-E802
E810-E835
E850-E858
E860-E866
E910-E936
E940-E959
E970-E979
E810-E835
E850-E858
E870-E888
E890-E895
E910-E936
E970-E979
E980-E985
E810-E835
E850-E858
E860-E866
E900-E904
E910-E936
E960-E965
E970-E979
E980-E985
E800-E985
Laceration and open wounds (N870-N908)..
Railway accidents	
Accidental falls —
Other accidents 	
Suicide and self-inflicted injury	
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war)   .	
Superficial injury, contusion, and crushing with intact skin surface
(N910-N929) 	
Other accidents  	
Effects of foreign body entering through orifice (N930-N936).
Other accidents 	
Burns (N940-N949)   	
Railway accidents. —
Motor-vehicle accidents	
Water-transport accidents-
Aircraft accidents..	
Other accidents- -	
Complications due to therapeutic surgical or other procedures-
Suicide and self-inflicted injury  ...	
Effects of poisons (N960-N979)  	
Motor-vehicle accidents  	
Water-transport accidents   	
Accidental poisoning by solid and liquid substances	
Accidental poisoning by gases and vapours	
Other accidents  	
Suicide and self-inflicted injury	
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war).
All other and unspecified effects of external causes  (N950-N959,
N980-N999)  _ 	
Motor-vehicle accidents	
Water-transport accidents-
Aircraft accidents	
Accidental falls	
Other accidents	
Late effects of injury and poisoning-
Suicide and self-inflicted injury..
Homicide and injury purposely inflicted by other persons (not
in war)      	
10
13
3
1
1
1
1
21
5
21
5
33
15
4
2
2
1
1
2
21
11
1
2
1
109
46
1
3
2
25
7
32
5
12
11
36
20
1
213
52
16
9
31
3
1
1
128
28
2
34
11
1
30
1
1
10
16
1
1
26
26
48
4
4
2
2
32
1
3
155
1
5
32
37
23
56
1
265
25
34
1
1
156
2
45
1
Total accidental and violent deaths..
876
258
]     1,134
MORTALITY FROM TUBERCULOSIS
The downward trend in mortality from tuberculosis continued in 1951, reaching a
new low of 292 deaths and a death rate of 25.1 per 100,000 population. Deaths from
tuberculosis of the respiratory system, the most common site, were down 7 per cent
from the 1950 figure.
The deaths for the population excluding Indians showed a larger percentage decline
of 10 per cent over the two years.
Table 16.—Mortality from Tuberculosis, British Columbia, 1947-51
Sixth
Fifth
Revision
Int. List No.
Organ or Site Affected
Including Indians
Excluding Indians
Intermediate
Int. List No.
1        1        1        1
1947I1948I1949I1950I1951
1        1        I        1
1        1        1        1
1947I1948U949I1950I1951
1        1        1        1
Al
13
14
15
16-17
18-22
1        I        1        1
4571  3811  3621  7711  254
1
316| 259
273
I
215|  197
71      4
1
A2
361     271    7.41    77.
15
13]    10
1
9
A3
Intestines,    peritoneum,    and   mesentric
1
6|      3
131    10
I
5|      1
41       3
2
3
18
4|      3
4
11      1
A4
101       6
7
31       3
A5
All other forms.—	
24|    21|    11|    16
19|      8|      7|    13|    10
536[ 4421 4061 313| 292
362| 286| 295| 239| 215
Per cent of all deaths  _.
5.1|   3.9|   3.6|   2.7|   2.5
3.6|   2.7|   2.8|   2.2[   1.9
51.3140.91 36.4i77.5l25 1
35.61 7.7.1177.71 7.1 61 18.9 C 32
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
INFANT MORTALITY
Infant deaths increased in number by 34 over 1950, from 805 to 839. Although
the number of deaths increased by 4 per cent, the rate per 1,000 live births increased
very slightly, from 29.7 in 1950 to 29.9 in 1951. The population excluding Indians
showed a larger increase of 0.4 per 1,000 live births.
Graph C depicts the downward trend in infant mortality since 1921. The rate of
infant deaths decreased by over 56 per cent since the high year of 1922.
Table 18 shows the causes of infant deaths for the years 1950 and 1951, and it will
be noted that congenital malformations had the largest percentage increase of 44 per cent
for all single categories, while influenza showed the largest percentage decline of 46
per cent.
Table 17.—Neo-natal, Infant, and Maternal Mortality Rates,
British Columbia, 1942-51
1942
1943
r   1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
Neo-natal mortality rates per
births—
1,000
live
20.0
19.1
35.3
35.5
29.5
127.5
2.7
2.5
4.9
23.3
22.2
41.4
37.8
31.8
131.2
2.5
2.3
6.2
23.7
22.0
49.1
40.4
32.8
153.1
2.6
2.4
5.8
24.1
23.1
39.0
42.0
34.3
151.1
2.6
2.4
5.7
22.1
19.7
47.2
37.7
29.6
168.3
1.7
1.4
6.1
22.4
20.8
52.9
36.5
29.5
163.0
1.2
1.2
7.2
21.1
20.1
40.1
33.4
28.0
133.4
1.1
1.0
3.0
19.8
18.7
39.7
31.4
25.8
134.7
1.0
1.0
2.1
17.8
17.1
31.4
29.7
24.1
131.4
1.0
0.9
2.1
18.3
17.4
34.3
Infant   mortality   rates   per
births—
1,000
live
29.9
24.6
128.0
Maternal mortality rates per
births—
1,000
live
0.7
0.7
Indians _	
1.1
Table 18.—Infant Mortality, British Columbia, 1947-51
Sixth
Revision
Int. List
No.
Fifth
Revision
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Including Indians
1948
I
1949 I   1950
I
Excluding Indians
1947 I   1948 I   1949     1950 1   1951
001-019 |
056 |
085 |
273 j
480-483 |
490-493, j
763 |
500-502 j
571.0, [
572,764 j
750-759 |
760-761 |
762 ]
I
774-776 [
800-962 1
13-22
9
35
64
33
107-109
106
119
157
160
16U
159
169-195
Tuberculosis 	
Whooping-cough.  	
Measles..   	
Diseases of the thymus gland-
Influenza 	
Pneumonia 	
Bronchitis _	
Diarrhoea and enteritis	
Congenital malformations	
Injury at birth1  -
Postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis1—	
Immaturity  _	
Accidents  	
Other causes 	
Totals 	
Live births _
Rate per 1,000 live births ...
15
17
11
40
9
105
5
53
119
85
41
300
35
124
10
4
2
27
21
103
1
26
115
73
40
303
39
104
6
i
12
17
U
123
7
2
5
5
14
26
101
10
351 24
120| 90
93      105
351
2741
4l|
831
84
147
33
159
4
7
3
12
14
99
14
43
130
82
97
158
37
139
3|	
6 2
1|-	
381       26
..-.| 7
55|
3|
45
1|
31 17 J 20
115 110| 113
851 70| 91
I I
36| 39| 33
255j 270| 244
31 [ 34| 32
751 681 52
11
6
44
9
7
89
100
78
125
28
121
959
868
8581     805
839
734|     689|     668|     621
1
2
10
4
47
9
19
125
78
93
139
26
103
656
26,286
25,984
27,301127,116
28,077
24,906|24,642|25,890|25,890
26,647
36.5
33.4[    31.4|    29.7]    29.9
29.5|    28.0|    25.1
I I
24.1
24.6
1 The large increases and decreases in these categories between the years 1949 and 1950 partially resulted from the
changes in the Fifth and Sixth Revisions of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes
of Death. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 33
Graph C.—Infant Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1921-51
(Rates per 1,000 live births.)
90
.
/      %\
-\V\
INCLUDING
INDIANS
4n
^^
•^S/N
3n
EXCLUDING
INDIANS
.#-*v
?n
%v*»
b«^                       ^
"^
n
1   1   I   1
1111
1       1       1       1
1     1    1    1
1      I       1       i
i   i   i   i
1921
1926
1931
1941
1946
1951 C 34
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
MATERNAL MORTALITY
Maternal mortality declined slightly during the year, from 1.0 per 1,000 live births
to 0.7. Since the high year of 1924, when there were 6.8 maternal deaths for every 1,000
five births, the rate has declined 90 per cent. Graph D depicts maternal mortality rates
since 1921.
The Provincial maternal mortality rate was lower than the rate of 1.1 per 1,000 live
births for the Dominion. The two Provinces that had lower rates than British Columbia
were Prince Edward Island with a rate of 0.4 and Alberta with a rate of 0.6.
Table 19.—Maternal Mortality, British Columbia, 1947-51
Sixth
Revision
Fifth
Revision
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Including Indians
Excluding Indians
Intermediate
Int. List No.
1947
1
194811949
1
1950
1951
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
A115
147
144, 148
143, 146
141
140
142, 145,
149, 150
Sepsis   of   pregnancy,   childbirth,   and   the
6
9
5
3
9
5
7
6
1
5
5
6
7
6
2
2
5
4
8
2
2
6
5
3
2
1
5
2
7
6
9
5
3
8
4
6
4
1
5
5
6
7
3
2
2
5
3
8
1
1
6
5
3
A116
A117
A118
A119
A120
Toxaemias of pregnancy and the puerperium...
Haemorrhage of pregnancy and childbirth.—
Abortion without mention of sepsis or toxaemia... 	
Abortion with sepsis ,	
Other   complications   of   pregnancy,   child-
2
1
5
2
6
Totals ...      	
32
29 [ 28
27 | 20
31
25
25
24 | 19
Rate per 1,000 live births    ...
1.2
1.1  [ 1.0
1.0 | 0.7
1.2
1.0
1.0
0.9 | 0.7 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 35
Graph D.—Maternal Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1921-51
(Rates per 1,000 live births.) C 36
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
MORTALITY FROM NOTIFIABLE DISEASES
Figures below show the mortality for the population in the Province, both including
and excluding Indians, from the notifiable diseases for which reporting was required by
the Dominion Council of Health.
Increases were noted for meningococcal infections, poliomyelitis, influenza, and
bronchial pneumonia. Influenza deaths increased 136 per cent for the total population
and 286 per cent for the population excluding Indians over the 1950 figures. This
resulted from the influenza epidemic that swept this Province in 1951.
Tuberculosis, syphilis, encephalitis, and measles all showed marked declines in the
number of deaths.
Table 20.—Mortality from Notifiable Diseases, British Columbia, 1947-51
Sixth
Revision
Intermediate Int.
List No.
Fifth
Revision
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death
Including Indians
1947   1948   1949   1950   1951
Excluding Indians
1947   1948   1949   1950   1951
A1-A5
13-22
A6-A10
30
All
25b
A12
1
A13
2
A14
4
A15
5
A16
27a, b
A17
8
A18
115b
A19
11
A21
10
A22
9
A23
6
A24
3
A25
23
A26
12
A27
7
A28
36
A29
37
A31
34
A32
35
A33
38a
A34
32
A35
38b
A36
39a-c
A37
28
A44-A59
44-55
A88
33
A89
108
A90
107
Tuberculosis-	
Venereal disease-
Syphilis...
Gonorrhoea _
Typhoid fever	
Paratyphoid fever...
Cholera 	
Undulant fever	
Dysentery, al! forms.-
Scarlet fever 	
Septic sore throat	
Erysipelas  	
Diphtheria..
Whooping-cough__ __
Meningococcal infections..
Plague. 	
Leprosy 	
Tetanus	
Anthrax	
Poliomyelitis-
Encephalitis—.
Smallpox	
Measles _,
Yellow fever.- 	
Infectious hepatitis..
Rabies	
Typhus fever..	
Malaria _	
Cancer— —	
Influenza  	
Pneumonia—
Lobar	
536
67
442     406
66 I     78
......
12
5
3
5
17
3
2
3
1
486
1,631
46
65
100
112
244
289
— I._.-
1,637
37
125
313
37
1
3|
4|
1,729
53
95
222
292
24
1,731
127
82
276
2,559 |2,644 2,583 |2,506
2,568
362
60
2
3
1
1,469
23
87
212
286
61
1,616
44
102
242
295
73
1,615
30
106
222
239
34
1
1,713
28
215
21
1,718
108
82       69
187      161
2,378 |2,372 2,322 2,313 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
STILLBIRTHS
C 37
In 1951 the stillbirth rate was 13.0 per 1,000 live births, as compared to 13.6 in
1950. The 13.0 rate was the lowest amongst the Provinces of Canada. Saskatchewan
had the next lowest rate of 13.9, and the highest rate of 22.9 was recorded in Quebec.
The rate for the Dominion was 18.4 per 1,000 live births.
Table 21.—Stillbirths, British Columbia, 1942-51
Including Indians
Excluding Indians
Year
Number
of
Stillbirths
Number of
Live
Births
Rate per
1,000 Live
Births
Number
of
Stillbirths
Number of
Live
Births
Rate per
1,000 Live
Births
1942 _	
304
317
298
328
321
340
339
394
369
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
27,301
27.116
18.1
16.9
15.7
17.4
14.2
12.9
13.0
14.4
13.6
13.0
292
302
291
316
305
317
322
372
345
343
15,788
17,666
17,797
17,646
21,296
24,906
24,642
25,890
25,716
26,647      |
18.5
1943            	
17.1
1944
16.4
1945 —
1946
17.9
14.3
1947  	
1948	
1949  	
12.7
13.1
14.4
1950
13.4
1951	
365         !      28.077
12.9
MARRIAGES
In 1951 the marriage rate was 9.7 per 1,000 population, a slight decrease over the
9.8 rate of 1950. With the decrease in rate the Province had the third highest rate
amongst the Provinces of the Dominion, whereas in 1950 it had the second highest rate.
Alberta and Ontario had higher rates of 9.9 and 9.8 respectively. Prince Edward Island,
on the other hand, had the lowest rate, 5.9 per 1,000 population.
This year was the first in the past five years in which the number of marriages was
more than the number recorded in the previous year. Table 25 shows an increase in
single people marrying and a decrease in previously married people who remarried.
The number of marriages by the month they were performed are shown in Table
25 and depicted in Graph E. It will be seen that June remained the popular month for
weddings.
Table 24 shows that the percentage of marriages authorized by licences have been
decreasing, whereas the percentage authorized by banns have been increasing.
Table 25 breaks down the religious ceremony section of Table 24 according to the
religious denomination of the officiating minister. It will be noted that for all denominations except Greek Catholics, Mennonites, and Roman Catholics, more marriages were
authorized by licences than by banns.
Table 22.—Marriages by Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties,
British Columbia, 1942-51
Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties
Total
Number
of
Marriages
Marriage
Rate per
1,000
Year
Single
Widowed
Divorced
Male
Female
Male
Female
Male
Female
Population
1942	
1943 ...
1944
9,643
8,203
7,176
7,811
9,957
9,835
9,668
9,467
9,266
9,480
9,538
8,077
7,116
7,733
9,723
9,676
9,618
9,329
9,137
9,388
598
585
669
619
652
684
676
701
683
694
613
668
657
751
838
827
805
842
831
812
586
597
589
832
1,153
1,333
1,374
1,208
1,161
1,098
676
640
661
778
1,201
1,349
1,295
1,205
1,142
1,072
10,827
9,385
8,434
9,262
11,762
11,852
11,718
11,376
11,110
11,272
13.1
10.4
9 0
1945            	
1946
1947..	
1948                       	
1949 	
1950
1951 	
9.8
11.7
11.4
10.8
10.2
9.8
9.7 C 38 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Table 23.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1942-51
Year
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May
June
July
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Total
1942 _ 	
702
716
729
930
898
1,105
927
1,052
948
1,012
858
950
10,827
1943	
659
703
686
723
741
1,044
906
826
781
752
720
844
9,385
1944
526
555
571
784
643
642
657
992
1,096
735
928
8,434
9,262
1945 	
532
539
900
932
804
786
874
1946
632
697
845
749
1,444
1,361
1,177
1,241
1,007
980
1,064
968
1,017
958
1947	
650
754
995
1,034
1,022
1,140
11,852
1948	
655
668
794
881
977
1,293
1,244
1,048
1,181
1,078
906
993
11,718
1949	
607
651
634
972
918
1,361
1,097
1,073
1,213
1,032
911
907
11,376
1950.  .. 	
498
562
562
914
828
1,323
1,132
1,105
1,380
984
824
998
11,110
1951 	
513
579
815
784
871
1,458
975
1,179
1,213
894
941
1,050
11,272
Graph E.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1947-51
MARRIAGES
1,600
FMAMJJAS
1947
NDJFMAMJJA.
1946
ONDJFMAMJJASONDJ
1949
MAMJ  J  ASON
1950
DJFMAMJJASOND
1951 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 39
Table 24.—Marriages Performed According to Type,
British Columbia, 1947-51
Religious Ceremony
Tota
Year
Licence
Banns
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
1947	
1948	
1949..  	
8,183
7,903
7,296
7,240
7,327
69.0
67.5
64.1
65.2
65.0
2,568
2,593
2,686
2,638
2,738
21.7
22.1
23.6
23.7
24.3
1,102
1,222
1,394
1,232
1,207
9.3
10.4
12.3
11.1
10.7
11,852
11,718
11,376
11,110
11,272
100
100
100
1950	
1951	
100
100
Table 25.—Marriages Authorized by Banns or Licence According to Religious
Denomination of Officiating Minister, British Columbia, 1951
Religious Denomination
of Minister
Banns
Licence
Total
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
Number
Per Cent
11
846
43
4
14
7
17
89
145
2
18
87
652
4
753
46
29.7
40.5
12.3
14.3
32.6
19.4
60.7
21.7
80.1
7.4
11.2
19.6
51.2
8.9
16.3
20.2
26        |        70.3
1,244                59.5
307                87.7
24 85.7
29                67.4
29                80.6
11                39.3
48               100
321                78.3
36                19.9
25 92.6
142        |        88.8
20        |      100
356                80.4
621                48.8
41                91.1
3,865        j        83.7
182                79.8
37
2,090
350
28
43
36
28
48
410
181
27
160
20
443
1,273
45
4,618        j
228
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
100
Mennonites, including Hutterites
Mormons 	
100
100
100
100
Presbyterians _	
100
100
100
100
Other	
Totals—.. —- —
100
2,738        |
27.2
7,327        |        72.8
10,065        [
100 C 40
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
PART II.—ADMINISTRATION AND DIVISIONAL
ACTIVITIES
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION SERVICES
One of the principal functions of the Division of Vital Statistics is to effect accurate
registration of every birth, death, stillbirth, and marriage occurring in the Province. The
Division is especially vigilant in ensuring that such registration is complete. To this end,
a number of checks have been instituted, such as the physicians' notices of birth, hospital
returns, school returns of children enrolling for the first time, periodic checks of marriage
registers, Coroners' reports, motor-vehicle accident reports, cemetery returns, and others.
In order to assist the public in connection with delayed registration, the Division has, over
a period of years, made special efforts to obtain early records of baptisms, burials, doctors'
personal records, and other pertinent documents.
Volume of Registration—All Races.—With a total of 54,071 registrations filed,
1951 saw a new high achieved in the yearly volume of registration. Table 1, which shows
the number of registrations accepted by this Division during the ten-year period from
1942 to 1951, indicates that the total of 1951 registrations represented an increase in the
number of events annually recorded with this Division of 37 per cent over the 1942 figure
of 39,484. The greatest single-year increase was recorded in 1946, when, with particularly large increases noted in marriages, births, and divorces, there was a rise in
registrations of almost 18 per cent over those for the preceding year.
Table 1.—Summary of Registration, British Columbia, 1942-51
Year
Live Births
Deaths
Marriages
Stillbirths
Adoptions
Divorces
Total
1942	
18,346
8,916
10,905
313
157
847
39,484
1943 	
20,068
9,918
9,476
338
249
886
40,935
1944	
19,962
9,833
8,549
321
303
1,031
39,999
1945. - 	
20,229
9,848
9,317
340
330
1,366
41,430
1946 _ 	
23,870
10,212
11,875
331
402
2,052
48,742
1947    .
26,758
10,768
11,892
355
509
1,880
52,162
26,965
27,786
11,444
11,773
343
680
1,744
52,949
1949-	
11,311
11,374
399
760
1,557
53,187
1950. 	
28,079
11,506
11,076
373
807
1,422
53,302
1951  -—	
28,509
11,658
11,374
348
789
1,393
54,071 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 41
Graph F.—Summary of Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages,
British Columbia, 1921-51
LEGEND
Total Registrations     •■■■^■B
Marriages       m u»  — ^______b  *__»
IB        ■-"
/
/
f
^ «_.->•• **"
^.
^N.^  m^
-'^
•
 L     1 1    ...
..1     1     I.I
...1 L    .-1  1
1111
_^->s^
 1 __-—1—
	
1945 C 42
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Graph G.—Adoptions, British
Columbia, 1936-51
Graph H.—Divorces, British
Columbia, 1936-51
The total number of current registrations of live births, deaths, and marriages is
shown in the table below. These figures include Indians and cover all such registrations
filed with the Division of Vital Statistics to December 31st, 1951, distributed according
to place of occurrence in the various statistical areas of the Province.
Table 2.—Total Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages,
Distributed According to Statistical Areas, British Columbia, 1951
Area
Live
Births
Deaths
Marriages
Area
Live
Births
Deaths
Marriages
la
83
497
172
114
806
661
1,059
699
117
3,886
10,888
3,638
48
453
461
17
113
4
99
789
2
9
64
109
31
128
51
26
160
227
388
193
68
1,621
5,028
1.815
35
111
156
8
51
5
61
276
3
10
26
24
•
20
118
38
33
161
206
444
227
32
1,494
5,532
1,516
10
184
105
3
19
2
42
225
7b	
1
275
440
38
6
299
151
227
3
4
8
5
376
11
69
82
34
3
47
40
41
1
1
4
7
143
3
22
5
1
19
61
3
lb  	
7c—  	
8a    ...
53
lc
150
2a 	
8b	
8c ...  ..
8d 	
8e _	
8f   -	
8g...... ....	
10
2b                            	
1
2c  	
85
3a	
3b
45
63
3c
3
4a  ...
4b
9a	
9b	
2
4
5a               	
9c	
9d  	
9e	
9f	
10a-	
10b	
6
5b 	
140
3
5d  ..
28
10
1
135
269
1
1,444
8
5e _	
4
5f
6a
10c— -	
32
6b
lOd	
94
6c
11
6d
Indian reserves	
Totals...  	
562
198
7
14
27
6f -	
7a 	
28,509
11,658
11,374 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 43
Volume of Registration—Indian and Oriental Races.—Tables 3 to 5 present
a summary of registrations among the Indian and Oriental races during the period
1947-51.
Indian live births registered during 1951 numbered 1,485, a considerable decrease
from the total of 1,812 registered in 1950. Of these, 1,085 were registrations of births
occurring in 1951. The remaining 400 were of those events occurring in previous years,
160 being 1950 births, and 240 for years prior to 1950. There was a total of 524
Indian deaths registered during the year, of which 474 were registrations of those deaths
occurring during 1951, the remainder being for previous years. Marriages rose to 209
from the 177 registered in 1950. Indian stillbirth registrations numbered 21, compared
with 25 in 1950.
Table 3.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among
the Indian Population, British Columbia, 1947-51
Year
Live Births
Deaths
Marriages
Male
Female
Male
Female
1947   ...                	
865
756
790
969
801
707
730
843
349
285
311
291
287
329
276
276
234
237
170
1948 _	
205
1949	
184
1950
177
1951   	
777
708
209
A 34-per-cent increase over the total for 1950 was recorded in the number of
Chinese births registered during the year. Of the 262 registrations received in 1951,
249 were for births occurring during the year, the remainder being 1950 births.
Chinese death registrations numbered 342, of which 324 were male, with only 18 female
deaths. The preponderance of male deaths is a reflection of the disproportion of this
sex within the Chinese population, particularly for the older age-groups. Marriages
continued to rise, 116 being registered during the year, compared with 80 in 1950 and
69 in 1949.   Two Chinese stillbirths, both female, were registered in 1951.
Table 4.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among
the Chinese Population, British Columbia, 1947-51
Year
Live Births
Deaths
Marriages
Male         Female
Male
Female
1947     ._ _	
1948 _   	
81        |        67
70        |       69
88                78
98        j       98
132        |      130
312
288
270
301
324
21
18
13
13
18
78
77
1949  	
1950 	
1951.	
69
80
116
During the year 130 live births of Japanese, of which 121 actually occurred during
1951, were registered. Death registrations totalled 62 for the year. A rather considerable increase was recorded in the number of Japanese marriages registered, from 35 in
1950 to 50 in 1951. There were two stillbirths registered, and, as was the case for
Chinese stillbirths, both were female. C 44
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Table 5.—Registrations of Live Births, Deaths, and Marriages among
the Japanese Population, British Columbia, 1947-51
Year
Live Births
Deaths
Marriages
Male
Female
Male
Female
1947 -	
65
65
66
70
68
105
58
73
59
62
39
35
39
36
45
11
17
11
15
17
34
1948 __.
38
1949 _	
1950 _ _	
33
35
1951..  	
50
Searches.—A major function of the registration services is the searching of those
records held by this Division. These searches, primarily carried out in the process of
issuing certification from the registration of any birth, death, marriage, divorce, adoption,
or other event on file at the central office of the Division, fall into two categories—the
revenue-producing search and the non-revenue-producing search.
During the year 1951 the ordinary revenue-producing 50-cent searches showed
a considerable increase, numbering 28,368, up 3,971 over the number for the previous
year. These are searches for a registration, confined to a period of not more than three
years; that is, the year stated by the applicant to be the year of registration and those
years immediately preceding and following. During the past ten years the number of
such searches has increased greatly, the 1951 figure representing an 88-per-cent increase
over the total of 15,120 processed during 1942. For the more extensive searches—that
is, the search extending over a period of more than three years, for which there is a charge
of $2—an increase was also recorded, from the 1950 total of 115 to 127. The number
of these special searches, which reached a peak during the recent world war, declined
to 101 in 1946 and have remained relatively constant since that time.
The non-revenue-producing searches, for which there is no statutory charge, totalled
19,223 for the year. This number was made up of 5,103 searches carried out for other
Governmental departments and 14,120 searches made of current registrations, the latter
being searches of events registered with the Division of Vital Statistics not more than
one month previous to the date of application for certification.
The volume of correspondence received by the central office has risen almost steadily
during the last ten years. The 1951 total of 68,979 letters was 87 per cent greater than
the number received in 1942. The pattern of yearly increase since 1942 in the volume
of correspondence received is almost identical with that followed by the annual number
of searches performed by this office.
Table 6 shows the number of searches performed, classified by type, and the correspondence received by this Division during the years 1942 to 1951.
Table 6.—Searches Performed and Correspondence Received by the Central
Office of the Division of Vital Statistics, British Columbia, 1942-51
Revenue Searches
Non-revenue Searches1
Correspon
Year
Regular 50(
Special $2
Of Current
Registrations2
For
Governmental
Departments
dence
Received
1942             	
15,120
14,379
20,431
21,320
23,932
22,682
23,645
24,059
24,397
28,368
1,118
706
892
847
101
83
104
104
115
36,805
1943
32,385
1944
35,397
1945                                	
37,600
1946                                	
	
46,732
1947                                                   	
46,137
1948
51,190
1949
57,550
1950                                 — -
12.981
5.569
62,208
1951  	
127                14.120                  5.103
68,979
1 The number of such searches is not available prior to 1950.
2 There is no search fee chargeable if application is made within thirty days of the date of registration. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 45
Certification.—Certifications issued from registrations of births, deaths, marriages,
divorces, or certain other events on file with this Division take several forms.
The most common form of certification used is the formal certificate. A certificate
is a certified extract of certain of the information shown on the original registration.
During the period from 1946 to 1951, 168,973 of a total of 185,633 certifications issued
by the central office of the Division took this form. Birth certificates accounted for
69 per cent of the number of certificates. In the case of birth certificates, applicants are
offered a choice of either a paper certificate or the popular wallet-size laminated certificate.
Another form of certification is the certified copy, which is a full reproduction of the
orginal registration. This type was used in 9 per cent of all certifications during the last
six-year period. The photographic copy of registration accounts for the vast majority in
this classification.
The total of all certifications in 1951 represented a 65-per-cent increase over the
1946 figure, due, in the main, to the increase in birth certificates issued.
In addition to the above certifications, there may be issued by the District Registrars'
offices certificates from those registrations of births, deaths, and marriages for which the
original registration is still on file in the district office. This enables an applicant to obtain
a certificate from the local District Registrar without having to wait until the original
registration is received in Victoria. Registrations are forwarded to the central office from
the districts on a weekly basis. The Vancouver office of the Division produces the
greatest number of these local certifications and, in the two years 1950 and 1951, has
issued 17,549 certificates, with certificates of birth accounting for 54 per cent of the total.
The following table indicates the number of revenue-producing certifications issued
by the central office of the Division for the period 1946-51:—
Table 7.—Revenue-producing Certifications Issued by the Central Office of
the Division of Vital Statistics, British Columbia, 1946-51
Type of Certification Issued
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
Certificates—
Birth-	
15,309
4,047
5,468
72
16
209
27
17,531
4,289
4,728
87
20
235
15
18,338
4,912
4,338
101
22
234
849
18,073
5,397
2,668
119
29
2,940
949
20,271
5,451
2,155
120
30
5,081
18
26,566
Death           	
5,076
Marriage    	
Divorce  ,  	
Baptismal  _ _	
Certified copies—
3,492
165
83
6,098
5
25,148
26,905
28,794
30,175
33,126
41,485
1 Includes photostatic copies of registrations from  1946 to  1948, and photostatic copies  and positive prints of
registrations from 1949.
Revenue. — With the considerable increase in searches and the accompanying
increase in certifications leading directly to an increase in the revenue derived therefrom,
the total moneys collected by this Division during 1951 rose to a new high. The total
revenue amounted to $95,648, an increase of 7 per cent over the 1950 total of $89,104.25.
Revenue collected under the " Vital Statistics Act" accounted for $48,743 of the total,
an increase of $5,721.25 over the 1950 figure of $43,021.75.
The $46,905 collected under the "Marriage Act" was slightly higher than the
$46,082.50 derived from this source last year, but was still considerably less than for the
three years immediately following the last period of world conflict. This decline is the
result of two things. In the first instance, the number of marriages performed was less
than in 1946, 1947, or 1948. Secondly, there has been a reduction in the number of
marriages performed by licence, and marriage licences provide the principal source of
revenue under the " Marriage Act."   The number of marriage licences issued has shown C 46
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
an almost steady decline since 1945 in relation to the total number of marriages performed, from 76.8 per cent of all marriages in that year to only 65.0 per cent in 1951.
Accordingly, marriages by banns have increased from 1,487, or 15.9 per cent of the total
in 1945, to 2,738, which was 24.3 per cent of the number of marriages performed this
year. Although the number of civil ceremonies rose, commencing in 1946, to a high of
1,394 in 1949, the number of such marriages appears now to have levelled off at somewhat less than the peak.
The central office of the Division accounted for $45,101.07, or 47 per cent, of the
total revenue collected. Of this, $40,371.57 was received under the "Vital Statistics
Act," while only $4,729.50 were moneys derived under the " Marriage Act."
Table 8.—Revenue Collected by the Division of Vital Statistics,
British Columbia, 1942-51
Year
Total Revenue
" Vital Statistics
Act " Revenue
" Marriage Act "
Revenue
1942   ._	
$71,943.85
70,046.75
76,070.67
80,733.80
93,397.00
92,240.50
90,895.74
90,059.10
89,104.25
95,648.00
$26,202.35
29,649.25
37,691.67
38,536.80
42,250.00
41,385.50
41,214.74
41,941.10
43,021.75
48,743.00
$45,741.50
1943     -  	
1944	
40,397.50
38,379.00
1945                ...
42,197.00
1946 	
51,147.00
1947   .    	
50,855.00
1948	
1949 ....                   ..   .                  	
49,681.00
48,118.00
1950 _  	
1951
46,082.50
46,905.00
REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS
Birth registration in the Province is virtually complete, except for Indians and
Doukhobors, and in the former group, particularly, encouraging improvements have
been noted.
The few births which occur at home in isolated localities cause problems in obtaining
satisfactory records, as do those situations where mothers enter hospitals under assumed
names for the births of illegitimate children and then disappear before filing registrations.
In most of these cases, however, the omission is corrected indirectly within several months
by the need for proof of the birth for Family Allowance purposes.
Investigation of the small number of fraudulent and improper birth registrations
discovered during the year has again shown that the action of the informant usually was
motivated by a mistaken belief that the child's interests were being protected, rather than
from an intent to defraud for financial or other reasons.
The appreciation of the Division is expressed to the medical profession and hospital
staffs for their part in assisting to attain the high percentage of registration which presently exists.
Gratitude is also expressed to the Regional Director, Family Allowances Division
of the Department of National Health and Welfare, for assistance rendered in cases
involving investigations.
Indians.—It is probably not surprising that more difficulty is encountered in obtaining vital statistics registrations for the Indian population than for the white. Because of
his different way of life and different background, the Indian has had little reason to
become conscious of the value of records. Nevertheless, official records of the vital
events of the Indian's life are now as important as are those of the white population, and
such records are required for a multitude of purposes. Efforts are continually being made
to educate Indians to the value of accurate recording of vital statistics, and the results
gained during the last several years have been quite gratifying. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951 C 47
There has also been a heightening in the interest taken by the Indian Superintendents
in the last several years toward gaining complete and accurate registration within each
Agency. This interest has been stimulated not only by the ever-increasing need for
certification and statistical data, but also by personal contacts between the Superintendents
and senior members of the staff of this Division. The Indian Commissioner for British
Columbia has been kept advised periodically as to progress made, and he has given
valuable support to the efforts of the Division.
The offices of nine Indian Agencies were visited during the year for the purpose of
providing instruction in obtaining and maintaining registrations. Indications are that the
registration of births is reasonably complete.
Doukhobors.—Comparatively little difficulty is now encountered with regard to the
attitude of the so-called Orthodox Doukhobors toward registration of births. The field
representative of the Division working amongst the Doukhobors continued to carry on his
activities in attempting to secure registration in cases where other methods had failed.
His efforts have included an educational programme aimed at informing the Doukhobors
of the true purpose and value of registration of vital statistics.
Sons of Freedom Doukhobors remain adamant in their refusal to accept the principles
of registration of vital statistics, but it is hoped that continued efforts to bring about
a change in their thinking will eventually be successful.
School-teachers' Returns. — Under the " Vital Statistics Act," the reporting of
pupils enrolled for the first time in school is required. Although the number of such
reports has been greatly diminished by a past Order in Council, certain specific school
districts still submit reports for the purpose of checking whether the births of those
children concerned have been registered. In the school-year 1950-51, reports were
received by the Division from sixty-three non-Indian schools covering a total of 187
pupils, of whom 166 were found to have been born in British Columbia and 21 outside
the Province. Upon a search of the records of Province-born children, it was found that
only 8 births were not registered. In these cases the necessary steps were taken to effect
a registration of the birth.
In the case of Indians, 155 schools submitted reports for the 1950-51 term, of which
twenty indicated that no Indian children had been newly enrolled during the term. It was
ascertained that 2,166 Indian pupils attended school for the first time, and for these
children there was a high percentage of disagreement between particulars shown on the
school records, the Agency nominal roll, and the birth registrations. Where necessary,
the latter were amended, while information necessary for correcting the school record or
the Agency nominal roll was referred to the schools and (or) the Agency offices for
attention.
Fraudulent Registrations.—When it appears that a fraudulent registration has been
accepted, a file is set up to contain all correspondence regarding the case. After investigation a formal hearing is held, at which those persons concerned with the registration
are requested to show cause why the registration should not be cancelled. If the Director
is satisfied that the registration is fraudulent, it is cancelled forthwith. Most cases of
fraudulent registration of birth occur as the result of a mother trying to conceal the
illegitimacy of a child born out of wedlock, rather than to commit a fraudulent act.
There was a total of 27 registrations of birth which were found to have been fraudulently or improperly obtained in 1951, this being a decrease of 12 from the previous year.
Legitimations.—A child born out of wedlock whose parents subsequently marry one
another is deemed to be legitimate by virtue of the " Legitimation Act." When proof
of the legitimation is presented to this Division, a new registration is substituted for the C 48 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
original, showing the details as at the time of birth, with the exception that the parents
are shown as being married to each other. A statutory declaration from the parents is
also necessary, setting forth certain information regarding the matter. In all such cases
where there has not been a prior admission of paternity, the Superintendent of Child
Welfare is notified so that there may be an investigation of the circumstances surrounding
the legitimation.
There were 200 legitimations of this nature during 1951, a very considerable increase
from the 114 carried out in 1950, and even the 151 in 1949. Of the total this year,
104 related to male, and 96 to female births.
DELAYED REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS
Again this year the bulk of the delayed registrations accepted referred to events
which occurred before the year 1920. The announcement of the payment of old-age
pensions to all persons 70 years of age and over led to many persons seeking a delayed
registration of their birth.
This Division continued an active campaign to collect certain substantiating evidence
necessary in the procurement of a delayed registration of birth, even although the onus
actually rests with the applicant. Such action by the Division in this regard facilitates
the acceptance of applications for delayed registrations and also helps to maintain a high
quality of supporting evidence. The verification library which has been built up for this
purpose comprises copies of hospital reports of births, physicians' notices of birth, school
returns indicating particulars of births, baptismal records, diaries from deceased medical
practitioners, case records from hospitals which are no longer in operation, etc. Efforts
are continuing to be made to expand this service by the addition of more material as it
becomes available. During the year the Division was able to obtain several large groups
of church baptismal records to add to this verification library. Such records are microfilmed and are returned to the church authorities. Appreciation is expressed for the kind
co-operation which the various denominations have extended to this Division in this
regard.
The unprecedented increase in delayed registrations of live births occurring in 1950,
when 861 were accepted, was not as evident in the 1951 figures. There was, however,
a continued increase over the 1949 registrations, as indicated by the total of 738 accepted
in 1951, compared with 651 in that year. The 1951 figure for the delayed registration
of other-than-Indian live births was up slightly, being 381, compared with 372 for 1950.
Indians.—Once again a large portion of the delayed registration of births effected
this year was attributable to those of Indian births. There were 357 delayed registrations
of births of Indians made in 1951, a decline of 132 from the 1950 peak of 489, but
still an increase of 71 over the 1949 registrations. Further additions were made in
1951 to the collection of baptismal records, thus assisting in the large task of processing
applications for delayed registrations of Indian births. The problem of locating verification which is sufficient to justify the acceptance of a delayed registration is a very real
one, and every available means of obtaining proof of the date, place of birth, and parentage must be employed. During the year all the registrations of those births of the
Stewart Lake Agency and the birth records of the Babine and Fort St. John Agencies
were reviewed. In those instances where the birth had not been previously registered,
efforts were concentrated on having the Indian Agency offices submit the required
registration.
There has been a large accumulation of unregistered Indian births in the Province
for the period from 1917, when registration of vital events for Indians was introduced on
a voluntary basis, to 1943, when such registrations were made mandatory. This fact,
coupled with the very gratifying results of the combined efforts of the Indian Affairs Branch VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951 C 49
of the Department of Citizenship and Immigration and the Division of Vital Statistics,
indicates that there will be a relatively high level of these delayed registrations for some
time yet.
REGISTRATION OF DEATHS
The registration of deaths, as for births, is virtually complete, except in isolated
localities of the Province. As with the other series of registrations, a system of crosschecking is used as a means of ensuring against loss of records during the period between
their original preparation and the time of processing in the Division.
One gap in the recording of deaths stems from the inability of the Division to register
deaths when bodies are not recovered. Particularly does this apply to drownings, although
other circumstances may cause destruction or loss of bodies. In such cases, proof of the
fact of death is generally obtained by orders of presumption of death issued by the Court,
but a death registration cannot be made for such cases. While this procedure satisfies
various requirements for proof of death, it does not provide for statistical information on
the cause of death.
Indians.—Much remains to be accomplished with regard to the satisfactory recording of Indian deaths. This deficiency is largely due to the difficulties encountered in
registering those deaths occurring in remote areas, where knowledge of the event does
not reach the Indian Superintendent for weeks or even months afterwards. It is a situation
which is difficult to correct, but efforts are being made to encourage the Indians to register
deaths of their band members before disposal of the bodies, if at all possible.
Doukhobors.—Little change was noted in the past year concerning the registration
of deaths of Doukhobors. It appears that complete and accurate reporting of deaths will
not be achieved until these people are further educated to comply with the statutory
requirements, and until the bodies of all deceased persons are disposed of by professional
undertakers. In many Doukhobor villages a neighbour of the deceased person prepares
a coffin, and the burial is conducted as a family affair. Through ignorance, and sometimes
through disregard of the law, some bodies are thus buried without notification of any kind
to the appropriate authorities.
REGISTRATION OF STILLBIRTHS
A stillbirth, as defined by the " Vital Statistics Act," is " the birth of a viable foetus
after at least twenty-eight weeks' pregnancy in which pulmonary respiration does not
occur, whether death occurs before, during, or after birth."
It is required by Statute that a stillbirth be registered, and for this purpose a special
registration form is provided by this Division. This form provides not only for the information as to parentage, as indicated on the live birth registration, but also for the medical
certification of cause of stillbirth by the attending physician.
The registration of these events has, with the exception of the years 1949 and 1950,
when registrations rose to 399 and 373 respectively, remained relatively constant over
the last ten years. While the registration of five births in 1951 was 55 per cent greater
than for the year 1942, the registration of stillbirths increased only 11 per cent, from 313
in 1942 to 348 this year.
REGISTRATION OF MARRIAGES
The responsibility for registering a marriage rests with the person solemnizing the
event; namely, the officiating clergyman or Marriage Commissioner. This method of
obtaining marriage registrations has proven very satisfactory over a period of many years,
and is the method generally used in other Provinces and countries. C 50 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
Marriage registers are provided free of charge to clergy and Marriage Commissioners.
These are returned to the Division periodically, in order that they may be checked against
the indexes of registrations filed with the Division. If it is thus ascertained that a marriage
has not been registered officially, steps are promptly taken to obtain a registration.
Indians.—Indications are that the registration of Indian marriages is reasonably
complete.
Doukhobors.—The reaction of Doukhobors toward the solemnization of marriages
in a legal manner has, as in the case of the registration of deaths of these people, shown
little change. However, some Doukhobor couples have been married by Marriage Commissioners, thus indicating a degree of acceptance of the civil form of marriage.
REGISTRATION OF ADOPTION ORDERS
Adoptions in the Province are ordered by the Supreme Court. Upon notification
to this Division, by the Court Registrar, a notation is made on the original birth registration showing the adoptive name of the child, and this name appears on any certificates
subsequently issued from the registration. No information revealing the natural parents
of the child may be issued.
During 1951 the Supreme Court of British Columbia ordered 789 adoptions,
a decrease of 18 from the 1950 figure of 807. Notations of adoption were made on the
birth registrations of the 687 children born in this Province who were affected. This
group constituted 87 per cent of the total number. For children born outside of this
Province, photostatic copies of the adoption orders are forwarded to the Province or
State of birth.
REGISTRATION OF DIVORCES
The Supreme Court Registry provides this Division with a certified copy of the final
decree of dissolution or nullity of marriage entered in its records. On receipt of this
notice, a notation of the divorce or annulment is made on the registration of the marriage
if it occurred in this Province. The notation shows the date and place of dissolution, and
any certificate subsequently issued from the registration contains a copy of this notation.
Where the marriage occurred outside of this Province, the Province of marriage is notified,
in order that the necessary notations may be made on the original registration of marriage.
Likewise, where there is a dissolution or nullity of a British Columbia marriage outside
this Province, the Division is notified in order that the necessary notations may be made
on our registrations.
Again this year there was a decline in the number of decrees of dissolution and
nullity of marriage filed with the Division from the peak of 2,051 registered in 1946.
The number this year was 1,385, a decrease of 27 from the 1950 figure. Of the total,
1,339 were dissolutions and 46 were nullities.
REGISTRATION OF NOTICES OF FILING A WILL
In 1945 an amendment was made to the " Wills Act," making it possible for anyone
to file a notice with the Director showing the date of execution and location of a will.
Provision was also made for the addition of information regarding changes on account of
new wills, addition of codicils, etc.
As no specific forms were prescribed under the " Wills Act " for furnishing notices
of filing of wills, there has been a lack of uniformity in the size, shape, and content of the
notices received, thus creating a difficult filing problem. A recommended form was
therefore devised and distributed to many law firms and trust companies in an effort to
overcome this difficulty. This action has helped considerably, but more widespread use
of these forms by the legal profession would be of further assistance. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 51
A new form of application for a will's notice search was also prepared and distributed.
By its use the applicant furnishes sufficient details to enable a more thorough search to
be made than was previously possible.
During 1951 there has been a greater number of wills' notices filed than in any year
heretofore. The total was 2,781, an increase of 400 over the figure for the previous year,
which was the peak year up to that time. At the end of 1951, there were 10,809 notices
of wills on file. Revenue searches of these notices continue at a rate of over 400 per
month.
LEGAL CHANGES OF NAME
In order that a person may change his name in British Columbia, it is required that
he be 21 years of age, a British subject, and domiciled in this Province. An application
for change of name may cover more than one person in a family. For instance, in the
case of a married man, only one application is necessary to effect a change of surname
and (or) given names of not only himself, but also his wife and his unmarried minor
children.
During 1951 there were 378 applications for change of name, an increase of 30 over
the previous year's figure of 348. Thus the total number of applications which has been
granted since the " Change of Name Act " was assented to in December, 1940, amounted
to 3,149 at the end of 1951.
The table below shows the number of applications for change of name, granted
annually since 1941, by marital status and sex of applicant, and the total number of
persons affected by such applications:—
Table 9.—Change of Name Applications Granted, According to Marital Status
and Sex of Applicant, and Total Number of Persons Affected, British
Columbia, 1941-51.1
Marital Status of Applicant
Total
Year
Single
Married
Widowed
Divorced
Separated
Total
Number
of
Persons
'
M.   1   F.
M.      F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
Affected
1941               .                	
55
7
37
2
1
3
2
2
6
3
10
3
2
2
3
2
5
5
10
3
7
5
4
5
9
4
1
4
2
4
8
7
15
4
9
5
3
6
10
25
21
39
29
17
19
25
17
1
1
98
141
158
145
228
288
256
302
276
277
301
13
27
45
65
74
92
75
60
80
71
77
1E0
1942        	
1943                   	
72
59
67
103
128
117
143
128
128
17
25
27
33
36
32
35
46
33
67
92
74
119
2
5
8
10
298
351
1944 ...  	
362
1945  -	
524
1946   	
146  1     14
638
1947—  	
1948 —  .
128
134
7
3
555
586
1949   	
1950-...     . .    .          	
140
138
154
11
8
12
628
591
1951    	
140   1     39
646
1 " Change of Name Act " assented to December 6th, 1940.
REGISTRATION OF MINISTERS AND CLERGYMEN
The " Marriage Act" requires that before a minister or clergyman may solemnize
marriage in this Province, he must first be registered with this Division. For denominations previously recognized, the registration is made upon the advice of the governing
authority of the denomination. Denominations not previously recognized must first
comply with certain requirements of the Act relative to continuity of existence, and
established rites and usages respecting the solemnization of marriage, before their ministers
may be registered.
One new religious denomination was granted recognition in 1951, thus enabling its
ministers to solemnize marriage within the Province.   In addition, applications for regis- C 52
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
tration of six other denominations were under consideration as at December 31st, 1951,
and one other application was refused. Each application is carefully investigated according to the requirements set out in the " Marriage Act" in order to ensure that the
provisions of the Statute are fulfilled.
As a protection to the public, all registrations of marriage are checked to ensure
that the officiating clergyman has been duly registered pursuant to the provisions of the
" Marriage Act." In two instances it was discovered that the clergyman had not been
authorized to solemnize marriage, and appropriate action was therefore taken by the
Division to validate the ceremonies.
Applications for an order of remarriage pursuant to section 47 of the " Marriage
Act " were approved in twenty-two cases.
Form M5, Notice of Transfer or Disqualification, was revised in order to facilitate
the maintenance of the register of authorized ministers and clergymen.
There were 236 applications for registration of ministers and clergymen granted by
the Director this year, 4 less than during 1950. Cancellations numbered 239, being 90
more than in the previous year. At the end of 1951 there were 1,733 ministers and
clergymen registered in this Division, 3 less than in 1950.
Table 10 shows the registration of ministers and clergymen with this Division during
the year 1951, and Table 11 the number of these registrations, by religious denomination,
for the past two years:—
Table 10.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen,
British Columbia, 1951
Permanent    Temporary        Total
Total number on register, December 31st, 1950-
Total number authorized during 1951	
Total number cancelled during 1951-
Total number on register, December 31st, 1951-
1,735
206
209
1,732
1
30
30
1
1,736
236
239
1,733
Table 11.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen, by Religious
Denomination, British Columbia, 1950 and 1951
Denomination
1951
1950
Adventist..
Anglican..
Apostolic Church of the Pentecost   	
Baptist Convention of British Columbia —	
Baptist Convention (Regular) of British Columbia-
Baptist Churches, Independent-
Baptist Pacific Conference (North America)..
Buddhist Church (Nichiren Shu)	
Buddhist Mission of North America	
Canadian Temple of More Abundant Life..
Catholic Apostolic.  	
Chaplaincy Service 	
Christadelphians.
Christian and Missionary Alliance-
Christian Reformed 	
Church of Christ  	
Church of God-
Church of God in Christ (Mennonite)..
Church of the Nazarene..
Church of the New Jerusalem (Swedenborgian)..
Churches of God-
Covenant Kingdom Ministry.
Disciples of Christ 	
Dr. Clem Davies' Ministry.—
Doukhobor Sect
Evangelical Church of British Columbia-
Evangelical Church of Pentecost	
25
268
10
50
31
14
6
1
7
1
2
11
2
16
9
3
8
1
15
2
4
7
1
2
1
7
6
23
253
11
50
30
13
4
1
7
1
10
3
13
10
3
6
28
2
5
1
2
2
1
7
6 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 53
Table 11.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen, by Religious
Denomination, British Columbia, 1950 and 1951—Continued
Denomination
1951
1950
Evangelical Church, North West Canada Conference-
Evangelical Free Church of North America..	
Evangelical Mennonite Brethren..
Evangelical Missionary Covenant of America-
Evangelical Church (Russian)	
Evangelistic, Open Door-
Free Church of England in Canada	
Free Church of Scotland in Canada 	
Free Methodist Church of North America-
Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland...	
Glad Tidings Temple Missionary Society	
Greek Catholic (Russian Orthodox)	
Greek Catholic (Ukrainian)	
Holiness Movement  —	
International Foursquare Gospel 	
Jehovah's Witnesses    	
Jewish Congregation (Beth Israel)	
Jewish Congregation (Emanu El)..__	
Jewish Congregation (Schara Tzedek)..
Jewish Congregation Beth Hamidrosh, Bnai Jacob..
Khalsa Diwan Society...   	
Latter-day Saints....
Latter-day Saints (Reorganized)	
Liberal Catholic 	
Lutheran (American)  	
Lutheran (Augustana Evangelical ).
Lutheran (Danish Evangelical)	
Lutheran (Finnish)   	
Lutheran (Free)..
Lutheran (Missouri Evangelical)..
Lutheran (Norwegian)..
Lutheran (Pacific Evangelical) „
Lutheran (United) _
Lutheran (United Evangelical)..
Mennonite Brethren..
Mennonite, Conference of the United Mennonite Church of British Columbia..
Mennonite (Old Colony Church)— 	
Mennonite (Sommerfelder Church)..
Mennonite (United Missionary or Brethren in Christ)
Methodist and Episcopal (African)—	
Moravian    _	
New Presbyterian-
Orthodox Church (Greeks-
Orthodox Church (Ukrainian) of America-
Orthodox Church (Ukrainian Greek) of Canada-
Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada.... 	
Pentecostal Holiness   -	
People's Fellowship  — 	
Plymouth Brethren    	
Presbyterian-
Roman Catholic-
Salvation Army...
Shantymen's Christian Association-
Society of Friends..
Spiritualistic Association (British Columbia)..
Spiritualistic Association (National)	
Standard Church of America, Inc	
Unitarian-
United Church of Canada-
Unity Metaphysical Centre..
Victoria Truth Centre..	
Zion Tabernacle.	
Totals.
5
6
1
5
3
1
10
1
17
1
5
4
16
5
19
1
1
2
1
7
22
23
6
8
2
6
5
3
1
33
31
3
4
2
2
3
3
3
1
5
83
10
1
17
73
331
51
3
2
5
20
6
1
309
1
1
4
1.7321
5
5
1
5
2
1
10
1
17
3
3
15
6
22
1
1
1
2
1
7
16
23
6
7
6
1
1
20
7
3
4
1
32
29
4
2
2
2
3
3
3
1
5
80
16
1
18
76
346
50
2
2
4
20
5
1
326
1
1
4
1,7352
I	
1 In addition there was 1 temporary registration (Anglican).
2 in addition there was 1 temporary registration (Plymouth Brethren). C 54 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
CORRECTIONS AND AMENDMENTS TO REGISTRATIONS
It has long been recognized that, unlike other types of records, vital statistics
records seldom become inactive. Reference is frequently made to registrations filed fifty
years or more ago, and certificates are constantly being issued from such documents.
As a result, errors or omissions made by the informant at the time of recording the events
are constantly being discovered, and it becomes necessary to make corrections in order
to have the registrations reflect the true facts. In addition, alterations of given names are
made, adoptions are ordered by the Courts, legitimations take place, and changes in
surname are authorized. Changes also must be made on marriage registrations so that
the records indicate changes brought about by divorce, nullity, change of name, and
correction. Amendments to death registrations usually consist of corrections made by
the informant to details originally furnished at the time of death. Investigating and
effecting applications for correction of registrations is an important phase of the work of
this Division.
Where it appears that the information on a registration should be amended, on
receipt of a statutory declaration from someone with personal knowledge of the matter,
together with documentary evidence supporting the amendment, the necessary changes
may be made in the registration.
There were 535 such notations in 1951, a very considerable increase over the
number for 1950, when 484 were entered, and 1949, when there were 406 such entries.
A good percentage of the changes were alterations of Christian names. These amounted
to 148 in 1951, 142 in 1950, and 126 in 1949.
All registrations which have been amended are immediately remicrofilmed and the
indexes amended accordingly.
Indians.—The project of checking, revising, and reindexing Indian registrations filed
during the period 1917 to 1946, inclusive, was continued throughout the year.
During the year, as previously noted, all the registrations of the births and deaths
of the Stewart Lake Agency and the birth records of the Babine and Fort St. John
Agencies were reviewed by a special staff assigned to this project. Where errors in
existing registrations were discovered, steps were taken to obtain sufficient information
with which to make corrections.
DISTRICT REGISTRARS' OFFICES AND INSPECTIONS
Changes in Registration Districts.—At the request of the Royal Canadian
Mounted Police headquarters, the police were relieved of vital statistics duties at six district
offices in the Province. In these districts the police had found it difficult to perform the
functions of a District Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in addition to carrying
out their regular police duties. Consequently, at Mission, Murrayville, and Terrace the
appointments of District Registrar or Deputy District Registrar were transferred to the
local Municipal Clerk. At Dawson Creek and at Vanderhoof the appointments were
transferred to private business-men, while at Kimberley it was transferred to the Stipendiary Magistrate.
The office of the Deputy District Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages at
Keremeos was closed, and the services consolidated under the District Registrar at Penticton. This move was taken in view of the small volume of business which had been
handled at the Keremeos office.
With the closing of the Government Agency at Stewart, the appointment of District
Registrar was transferred from the Government Agent to the Sub-Mining Recorder.
Upon the resignation of the District Registrar at Ganges, the appointment was
transferred to the Provincial Assessor of the Department of Finance. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 55
Arrangements were made with the municipal authorities of the City of North
Vancouver to transfer the District Registrar's office from Lonsdale Avenue to the City
Hall. The new office is ideally located for the convenience of the public and offers much
better working facilities than did the former premises.
Indian Agency Offices.—The number of appointments of Deputy District Registrars
in Agency offices was increased so that all except four Agencies in British Columbia now
have staff members holding such authority. This action has proven to be extremely
advantageous, as it allows the Agency staffs to expedite delivery of registrations to the
Division at times when the Superintendents are carrying out their field duties. The service
is particularly valuable in facilitating the completion of delayed registrations. It is hoped
that similar appointments may be made in the remaining Agencies as soon as the clerks
become sufficiently trained to carry out the responsibilities involved.
Inspections. — Twenty-five offices and sub-offices covering the Queen Charlotte
Islands, the northern part of the Province extending from Prince Rupert to Prince George,
the Peace River District, and the Central Cariboo District from Quesnel to LiUooet were
visited by the Inspector of Vital Statistics during the year.
In addition, brief instructional visits were made to nine Indian Agencies. Visits
were also made to the Vancouver office, as well as those of New Westminster and North
Vancouver. The purpose of these visits was to check the work that is being carried out
in the district offices and the procedures employed, to discuss difficult cases with the
District Registrars, and to carry out field investigations as required.
At the close of the year there were ninety-two offices and sub-offices in seventy-two
registration districts. In addition, there is a special Deputy District Registrar working
amongst the Doukhobors, a Marine Registrar, and eighteen Indian Superintendents who
are ex officio District Registrars of Vital Statistics for Indians only. Thirty-seven of the
offices are Government Agencies or Sub-Agencies, while twenty-eight of the offices are
staffed with Royal Canadian Mounted Police personnel. Nine offices are staffed by
other Government employees, while fourteen offices are operated by private individuals.
MICROFILMING OF DOCUMENTS
All current registrations of births, deaths, marriages, and stillbirths were photographed on a weekly basis during the past year, the records for all earlier years in these
series having been placed on film previously. Likewise, amendments to registrations
brought about by name changes, adoptions, divorces, etc., were photographed, and the
amended images spliced into the appropriate rolls of film.
Several miscellaneous microfilming projects were completed during the year,
including the following:—
(a) Physicians' Notices of Birth for the calendar year 1949.
(b) 1,700 legitimation of birth files.
(c) 2,500 change of name files.
(d) 8,500 notices of the filing of a will.
(e) Miscellaneous baptismal records contained in books loaned temporarily
by various churches.
Some improvements in darkroom facilities were made during the year, including an
improved ventilating system and the replacement of a machine for washing prints.
GENERAL OFFICE PROCEDURES
Since January 1st, 1949, a multipart Speediset form (V.S. 30) has been the basis
of processing all cash mail received at the Division. This is a combined form which acts
as (a) the cash-register receipt, (b) the reply to the applicant, (c) the working copy of C 56 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
the application for internal office use, (d) cross-index file, (e) suspense cash ledger,
and (/) file copy recording all steps in the transaction. As a result of experience gained
in the use of these forms, several minor changes were made in the reprint which was
placed in use late in the year, the alterations being confined to adjustment of location of
certain items in order to gain the greatest speed and accuracy in production.
An experiment was made early in the year in the preparation of these forms by the
use of an electric typewriter. The results obtained were very satisfactory from the viewpoint of quality, quantity, and relief from undue fatigue on the part of the operator.
Later events proved the advisability of this action, for, despite a great increase in the
volume of business, it was unnecessary to increase staff, although an increase would have
been necessary under the previous arrangement.
There was a considerable change in the staff during the year, which necessitated
changes of duties on the part of the remaining staff.
Steps were taken to make available a duplicate birth index which' could be taken into
use on short notice. The basic information for this duplicate index had been prepared
several years ago, but considerable work is required by reason of changes made to the
original registrations to make the index fully operative. This project is being completed
as and when the time allows, and will be continued during the next year. The index
is considered important for two reasons—firstly, as a replacement for the copy presently
in use and, secondly, as a security measure.
The matter of supplying free verification and (or) certification to other Government
departments is one which receives constant attention, for it has been found that unless
a close control is maintained, the volume of such work becomes unduly onerous.
Approximately 10 per cent of all searches are made for other departments and are
non-revenue producing.
It has been necessary to adopt a strict rule that only in cases of extreme urgency
will searches be conducted on the basis of a telephoned request. Searches hurriedly
made in response to a telephone call cannot be as reliable as those which are processed
in the regular manner, and, in addition, the telephoned information is much more subject
to misinterpretation. It is felt that in view of the legal implications of information
appearing on vital statistics registrations, this is a very reasonable and necessary rule to
enforce.
Effect of Old-age Security Legislation.—In January, 1951, registration of applicants for the old-age security benefits payable in 1952 was commenced by the Department
of National Health and Welfare. The full impact of the demand for certification to prove
age for eligibility was felt during August, when the revenue-producing business conducted
by the central office was approximately 15 per cent greater than that for the previous
all-time high established only the month before. While there was a levelling-off during
subsequent months, this new legislation has created a distinct additional need for proof
of age, which will result in the continuation of a noticeably higher volume of business
than has been experienced heretofore.
STATISTICAL SERVICES
The Division continued to carry out its function as the statistical workshop for the
Health Branch and, in addition, maintained complete statistical analyses of all births,
deaths, marriages, stillbirths, adoptions, divorces, changes of name, and of other services
provided by the Division. A considerable increase has occurred in the assistance which
the Division has been able to give to the various divisions of the Health Branch and to
other agencies. This has taken the form of analyses of record systems, consultative
service on statistical matters, provision of statistical analyses, and other special studies.
The illness of the Director of the Sickness Survey during part of the year necessitated
sending a member of the Victoria statistical section to Vancouver in order that the survey VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 57
might be continued. As a result, there was a reallocation of certain duties within the
statistical section. Supervision of the Sickness Survey, the purpose and scope of which
was outlined in the 1950 Report, constituted one of the major tasks of the Division during
the year.
The usual demographic functions of the Division were carried out by the statistical
section. These consist of the maintenance of monthly summaries of vital statistics data,
the preparation of a quarterly and annual report, the provision to the Metropolitan Health
Committee of Vancouver and to the Victoria-Esquimalt Union Board of Health of
special tabulations, and the provision of estimates of population in the Province. Various
requests from within the Department of Health and Welfare and from other Government
departments, from industries, from organizations, and from private individuals were
received and dealt with as required. Detailed statistical information on marriages was
supplied to several religious denominations who required these data for their work.
During the year a request was received from the Lower Mainland Regional Planning
Board for extensive data on births, deaths, and population in the organized areas of
the Lower Mainland. Frequent requests for data were received from students doing
research work or special assignments.
During the first part of the year when a nation-wide influenza epidemic existed,
the Department of National Health and Welfare was kept advised of the number of
influenza deaths occurring each week and of the number of cases reported. This procedure was carried on throughout the Dominion, so that it was possible at all times to have
a check on the progress of the epidemic.
With the increasing availability of data derived from the 1951 Ninth Decennial
Census of Canada, the first complete picture of the nation's population since 1941 will
be available. As was noted in this Report for 1950, the estimating of population within
this Province had become increasingly hazardous as the period of time since the 1941
Census increased. Part I of this Report includes several tables indicating certain aspects
of this recent census enumeration, for the population of British Columbia. Other breakdowns are also available, such as the marital status, racial, rural and urban, and labour
force composition of the 1951 population. The speed with which the Census Division
of the Dominion Bureau of Statistics has been able to provide such results from this vast
enumeration has proved to be most helpful in the statistical work of this Division.
The Divisions of Tuberculosis Control and Venereal Disease Control were again
supplied with the statistical tabulations of their case-loads. A number of requests for
special tabulations were also received, and the necessary information was derived from
the punch-card records on file in the Division. A revised form for the reporting of
tuberculosis was drawn up, and it is expected that this will be put into use at the beginning
of the year. This revision should make possible the provision of improved statistics on
tuberculosis.
Considerable assistance was rendered to the British Columbia Cancer Institute in
the setting-up of a system of cancer-treatment statistics. A summary of each cancer
case will be forwarded to the Division and will be placed on punch-cards. Statistical
tabulations from these cards will provide the first extensive medical statistics available on
cancer treatment in this Province. Cancer is a notifiable disease in British Columbia,
and, consequently, physicians are required to report all cases to the Health Branch.
Based on this reporting, this Division is able to operate a cancer registry for the purpose
of making possible the provision of up-to-date statistics on the cancer problem in the
Province.
Analyses of the diet in certain institutions were completed for the Nutrition Service
during the year.
The report on the Wetzel Grid as an adjunct to school medical services was completed in 195.1. This report contains statistical analyses of the procedures followed in
carrying out the study, and of the results obtained. C 58 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
A completely revised form for the reporting of a live birth or stillbirth by the
physician was put into operation in February of the year. The new form was drafted
with the advice and co-operation of a special medical committee of practising physicians.
The information which is contained on the new Physician's Notice of a Live Birth or
Stillbirth is being coded and placed on punch-cards for subsequent statistical analysis.
The implementation of this programme constituted an important addition to the statistical work of the Division.
The Survey of Crippling Diseases of Children was concluded on August 31st, 1950,
as noted in this Report for last year. Over 22,000 reports on crippled children in this
Province were received as the result of this Survey. The information contained on these
reports was placed on punch-cards by this Division, and both preliminary and detailed
cross-classification tabulations were available by the early part of this year. The subcommittee appointed under the Crippled Children's Grant, being one of the National
health grants, consequently recommended that a registry of crippled children be set up,
and that a panel of specialists on the various aspects of such crippling diseases be formed
to advise on the implementation of the recommendations of the Survey report. Thus
the Registry of Crippled Children was formally established in August, 1951, and is
located at 2670 Laurel Street, Vancouver. The direction of the programme is under the
aforementioned sub-committee, and general supervision and assistance is given by the
Assistant Provincial Health Officer. The Division of Vital Statistics, however, carried
out the organization of the record and statistical aspects of the Registry, and will continue
to give technical supervision in this connection, in addition to assisting in the necessary
statistical compilations of data derived therefrom. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 59
PART III.—DETAILED TABLES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS,
MARRIAGES, ADOPTIONS, AND DIVORCES
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951
(Classified by Place of Residence)
TABLE 1.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES, BY CENSUS
DIVISIONS, CITIES AND VILLAGES OF 1,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE
OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951.
DIVISIONS, CITIES,
AND VILLAGES
BIRTHS
(Exclusive of
Stillbirths)
Total
M.   I    F.
I
DEATHS
All Ages
Total I    M.
F.
Under
1 Year
M. I F.
1-4
Years
M. i F.
NEONATAL
DEATHS
(Deaths
under
28 Days)
M.
I
F.
cn
H
D
Total for the Province-
Division No. la	
Division No. lb	
Division No. lc._
Division No. 2a	
Division No. 2b—
Division No. 2c—
Division No. 3a...
Division No. 3b—
Division No. 3c._
Division No. 4a...
Division No. 4b—,
Division No. 5a—
Division No. 5b—
Division No. 5c	
Division No. 5d—
Division No. 5e —
Division No. 5f	
Division No. 6a —
Division No. 6b —
Division No. 6c..„
Division No. 6d.„.
Division No. 6e._-
Division No. 6f	
Division No. 7a	
Division No. 7b—
Division No. 7c —
Division No. 8a —
Division No. 8b—
Division No. 8c	
Division No. 8d—.
Division No. 8e—
Division No. 8f....
Division No. 8g...
Division No. 9a ...
Division No. 9b...
Division No. 9c —
Division No. 9d—
Division No. 9e	
Division No. 9f
Division No. 10a.
Division No. 10b	
Division No. 10c	
Division No. lOd	
Cities .
Alberni	
Chilliwack .
Courtenay ..
Cranbrook..
Duncan	
Fernie
Grand Forks —.
Kamloops	
Kelowna 	
Ladysmith	
Nanaimo	
Nelson    	
New Westminster-
North Vancouver...
Port Alberni 	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert—	
28,077
123
488
164
114
891
561
1,071
637
146
3,829
10,742
3,522'
78
628
468
101
188
941
2511
5861
151
1141
1671
1681
59!
2831
4341
891
58!
2921
2821
226!
621
111
281
55!
4461
56!
821
621
21
1351
2691
13,031!
1131
1801
811
1341
1081
601
371
214!
2231
631
2231
1801
5231
5691
2471
1011
571
274!
268!
I
14,4181
701
256!
731
571
4761
288!
542!
3131
821
1,9991
5,4311
1,866!
411
2941
2531
441
971
48!
1231
3111
101
701
831
871
351
1431
218!
461
251
162!
1511
118!
311
61
151
281
2131
321
451
291
681
1391
6,6261
451
901
461
771
551
291
211
1131
1121
341
1241
98'
2731
2881
1221
50!
271
1371
1251
13,659
53
232
91
57
415
273
529
324
64
1,830
5,311
1,656
37
334
215
57
91
46
128
275
5
44
84
81
24
140
216
43
33
130
131
108
31
5
13
27
233
24
37
33
2
67
130
6,405
68
90
35
57
53
31
16
101
111
29
99
82
250
281
125
51
30
137
143
11,638!
361
137!
641
301
1861
255
442
209
76
1,447
5,095
1,8361
451
185!
1551
191
49!
131
941
269!
6
321
551
451
221
751
941
16!
23
69
96
54
23
7!
8!
22
1921
231
361
6!
51.
231
64!
6,4161
271
651
121
511
511
311
291
1181
1061
231
1481
901
2381
2141
511
23!
19!
581
1101
I
7,311
26
100
43
19
117
143
288
151
52
893
3,158
1,094
27
125
101
12
33
8
64
190
2
22
39
32
14
47
76
12
14
46
62
29
13
5
6
13
137
14
25
3
13
43
3,975
16
36
11
38
37
19
18
-87
62
13
95
48
138
127
29
13
8
46
83
4,327
10
37
21
11
69
112
154
58
24
554
1,937
742
18
60
54
7
16
5
30
79
4
10
16
13
8
28
IF
4
9
23
34
25
10
2
2
9
55
9
11
3
5
10
21
2,441
11
29
1
13
14
12
11
31
44
10
53
42
100
87
22
10
11
12
27
487
3
10
5
1
10
7
19
15
5
53
137
43
1
8
10
1
1
6
172
157,
921
89
?
 I-
31
II
1
1!
I
1
5|
11
1
4!
41
2
71
31
2
9!
1
42
107
50
~~'l
6
2
51
11
4!
12
2
4
5
6
4!
21
51
II
171 8
18! 20
14!      9
~2I~~3
21      2
2
1
1
2
6
1
1
3
1
2
2
1
2
1
3
31.
9!
10!
51
 .!.
II-
31
141
II.
21.
11.
II-
II.
51.
1361
II .
41.
II
-.-I.
5]
21
31-
2 ..
1
"3 -
3 .
21
51
31
II-
21
41
51
299
2
6
3
214
2
2
91
51
5
9
"21
31
31
l!
31..
61
31
11-
_!..
- I
61
21..
51-
21
 I-
II.
41
1231
2|
31
51
21
— I
II
61
41
5
33
30
102
74
33
34
1
7
7
7
5
2
2
2
365
3
11
1
3
12
7
12
71
3
41
137
45
2
51
11
21
51
1
4
7
21
31
II
2!
31
31
61
21
71
II
 I-
31
941
II
31
II
31
5'
21
1-
1
„-. 1
-  1-
2!
  1
31
11
21
.1
11
21
81
11
31
21
61
31
81
31
1
1 „
11,272
17
123
41
35
160
176
434
218
33
1,519
5,483
1,549
14
192
112
9
31
3
48
233
2
7
21
34
3
56
150
12
—. I 3
61 87
II 56
61        64
. I        11
. I 2
II 5
II 6
61      165
 I 6
— I        17
II 5
 4!        32
91        98
1761   8,107
41        61
31      101
...... I        47
21       78
82
25
23
180
138
27
232
99
591
146
89
26
17
143
140
21
41
31 C 60
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 1.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES, BY CENSUS
DIVISIONS, CITIES AND VILLAGES OF 1,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE
OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951—Continued.
BIRTHS
(Exclusive of
Stillbirths)
DEATHS
NEONATAL
DEATHS
(Deaths
under
28 Days)
a
g
5
►j
P
in
CO
DIVISIONS, CITIES,
AND VILLAGES
All Ages
Under
1 Year
1-4
Years
W
O
<
1            1
Total 1    M.
1            1
F.
Total
1
M.   I
F.
M.
F.
1
M. I F.
1
M.      F.
<
Cities—Continued
1           1
1           1
871        411
1401        801
404!      223!
7,4561   3,7411
2051        961
1,0841      5791
1601        881
371        201
1231        681
1            1
46
60
181
3,715
109
505
72
17
55
21
30
70
3,975
106
750
34
15
19
1
!
141
201
421
2,473!
831
4191
19!
6!
131
1
7
10
28
1,502
23
331
15
9
6
1
1         1
1         I
11    .... 1... .
1
 1. -.
1
2
3
2
102
2
15
33
II- I -I      1
71      31 1 -
961    771      91    14
31      11      11
81    161      41      2
11        1      11      1
11.       1      11      1
 1 1 1	
21
Trail 	
Vancouver... 	
71        2
71!      52
21   ...
103
4,744
154
4!      11
1!	
11-	
|
807
Villages—	
Creston ...- 	
88
22
66
1
TABLE Ia.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES, BY CENSUS
DIVISIONS, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent.
TABLE 2.—BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED AS RURAL
AND URBAN, BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER,
. BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951.
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent.
TABLE 3.—TOTAL LIVE BIRTHS AND LIVE BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS, BY PLACE OF
OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
ALL LIVE BIRTHS
Place of
Occurrence
Mothers' Residence
Elsewhere
Births to Resident
Mothers Occurring
Elsewhere
Place of
In
Canada
In
United
States
In
Canada
In
United
States
Residence
27,949
63
22
182
31
28,077
BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS
Total for the Province..
27,185
63
22
180
30
27,310 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 61
TABLE 4.—TOTAL LIVE BIRTHS AND LIVE BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS, IN CITIES
AND VILLAGES OF 1,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE
AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH   COLUMBIA, 1951.
ALL LIVE BIRTHS
Place of
Occurrence
Mother's Residence
Elsewhere
Births to Resident
Mothers Occurring
Elsewhere
Place of
CITIES AND VILLAGES
In
Canada
In
United
States
In
Canada
In
United
States
Residence
Cities—
2
12
445
15
95
662
493
98
543
429
2,264
651
465
1
457
399
113
136
602
10,151
385
2,392
123
330
2
7
340
57
59
451
284
39
339
254
1,780
194
2
2
113
179
81
1
113
180
81
129
3
134
108
2
3
3
13
4
19
5
41
112
1
60
37
214
Kelowna.. -	
223
63
-223
180
523
569
227        1
9
100
57
247
195
135
33
10
3
101
57
Prince George  	
11
4
7
17
8
89
4
17
9
20
1
1
6
1
2
--
—
274
268
87
140
Trail                              -	
207        |
2,781                    9
185
1,327        |
1
1
91                      4
227
404
7,456
205
Victoria   _ 	
Villages—
1,084
37
123
BIRTHS
EN INSTITUTIONS
Cities—
2
12
445
112
95
662
492
98
542
428
2,260
650
465
456
399
112
136
602
10,121
385
2,388
123
330
1
I
—.        |
--        |        _ ..
2        |        —
7        |
340
56
59                    2
451
284
39
339        |
253
1.778                      2
1
113         1
113
179                      1        1              180
81
129
3
2
3
3
13
4
19
5
41
112
9
99
57
10
4
7
17
8
89
81
Cranbrook    	
Duncan     .  	
|             134
|             108
58
Grand Forks	
37
214
Kelowna — 	
1                     222
63
222
180
|             521
194
227
195
135
33
10
207
2,780
185
1,327
91
227
3
9
4
|             568
247
99
|                57
Prince George  - 	
Prince Rupert - -  	
1                       272
|              268
86
140
Trail
1           1                4(U
6
7,427
205
4
1
17
9
20
2
1,080
37
Villages—
m C 62
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 5.—LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)
FOR THE PROVINCE AND CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE
OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951.
PROVINCE AND
TOTAL BIRTHS
LEGITIMATE
ILLEGITIMATE
CITIES
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total for British Columbia.	
Cities—■
28,077
214
14,418
113
13,659
101
111
99
82
250
281
143
181
3,715
109
505
26,444
201
217
220
174
487
551
253
394
6,893
202
1,024
13,562
105
109
121
94
250
279
119
216
3,478
95
549
12,882
96
108
99
80
237
272
134
178
3,415
107
475
1,633
13
6
3
6
36
18
15
10
563
3
60
856
8
3
3
4
23
9
6
7
263
1
30
777
5
223    I       112
223    1       124
180    I         98
523    1       273
569    I       288
268    1        125
404    1       223
3
Nanaimo.  	
2
13
9
9
Trail  	
3
Vancouver.. •	
Vernon  —	
Victoria -	
7,456
205
1,084
3,741
96
579
300
2
30
TABLE 6.—MULTIPLE BIRTHS CLASSIFIED TO SHOW NUMBER OF CHILDREN BORN
ALIVE AND STILLBORN BY SEX, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH
COLUMBIA, 1951.
CLASSIFICATION OF BIRTHS
Twin births    _
Two males (both living)..
One male and one female (both living)	
Two females (both living) 	
One male living and one male stillborn ...
One male living and one female stillborn .
One male stillborn and one female living
Number
332
103
116
99
One female living and one female stillborn
Two females (both stillborn)	
Triplet births
Three females (all living)..
Total multiple births _	
Total single live births .
Total single stillbirths
Total confinements .
2
  1
2
  1
  1
  1
         333
..M.        341
...F.       326
  27,425
_M. 14,086
-F. 13,339
350
-M. 190
...F. 160
  28,108 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 63
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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 10.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)
BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED AS RURAL AND URBAN, BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, BY
PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951.
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently
urgent.
TABLE 11.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND
PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR
Place of
Occurrence
Residence Elsewhere
Deaths of Residents
Occurring Elsewhere
In
Canada
In United
States
In
Canada
In United
States
Residence
838
4
1
2
4
839
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS
Total for the Province..
649
647
TABLE 12.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR, IN CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION
AND OVER, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH
COLUMBIA,  1951.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR
CITIES
Place of
Occurrence
Residence Elsewhere
Deaths of Residents
Occurring Elsewhere
Place of
In
Canada
In United
States
In
Canada
In United
States
Residence
23
9
15
8
59
10
38
11
241
7
59
16
5
8
5
53
3
20
2
70
3
36
__
1
1
8
Kelowna  _
i
4
"a
1
4
7
3
7
11
18
Trail	
10
173
I
1      i
4
24
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS
22
9
14
6
58
10
37
10
219
7
56
15
5
8
5
53
3
19
2
67
1          3
I        36
1
1
" 1
4
__-
T
7
4
6
6
11
18
Trail - ...
9
Vancouver    	
Vernon 	
Victoria -	
2
1
l
....
154
4
21 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 67
TABLE 13.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)
BY AGE AT DEATH, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951
AGES
No.
AGES
No.
    Total
839
487
352
232
128
104
76
47
29
70
44
26
26
14
12
14
7
7
11
8
3
6
5
1
435
253
182
41
22
19
19
11
8
18
13
5
 Total
513
           _M.
 M.
199
   F.
214
  Total
  ..... M.
28 days and under 2
 Total
61
.   M.
38
    . F.
2 months and under
3 months and under
4 months and under
5 months and under
6 months and under
7 months and under
8 months and under
9 months and under :
            F.
73
1 day	
 -Total
  M.
3 months      .,
-- ..Total
 M.
53
11
 _..__ F.
       F.
?6
   Total
     M.
  Total
48
 -- M.
   F.
?9
    F.
19
5 months  	
 Total
  M.
39
           M.
?3
         F.
 F.
16
-- Total
97
 -  M.
  M.
11
 _     F.
F.
16
 ...     Total
 Total
76
       M.
  M.
71
               . F.
F.
5
  Total
8 months 	
 Total
16
    M.
       M.
9
 ___.           F.
      F.
7
  Total
9 months 	
 Total
15
  M.
 M.
6
         F.
     F.
9
7-13 days   	
   Total
 -  _._M.
0 months	
 Total
  M.
21
14
      ... F.
.._. F.
7
  ...Total
      M.
10 months and undel
11 months and under
 Total
9
  M.
       F.
7,
           F.
7
12 months	
 Total
11
   M.
 -M.
.    -- F.
8
,,
   F.
,,                           ,,
3
TABLE 14.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)
CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO RACIAL ORIGIN, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH
COLUMBIA,  1951.
RACIAL ORIGIN No.
British         _   456
English
Irish —	
Scottish  	
Other     	
European —- _
Austrian  	
Belgian       	
Bulgarian .    ...
Czech and Slovak.
Danish      	
Finnish
246
90
115
5
182
3
1
__
7
3
French -.- - -     37
German
Greek
Hungarian
Icelandic   —
Italian
Lithuanian .
Netherland
Norwegian
24
3
3
1
8
2
23
16
RACIAL ORIGIN
European—Continued
Polish _   --
Roumanian  	
Russian1 	
Swedish         	
Ukrainian2  .	
Yugoslavic — .'.	
Other  _.	
Asiatic      	
Chinese    _	
Hindu3  -	
Japanese 	
Syrian   _.	
Other 	
Indian 	
Jewish - - -	
Negro
Other origins
Unspecified  —
All origins
No.
11
8
13
4
13
6
1
6
183
1
2
839
1 Including races of U.S.S.R.
2 Including all Ruthenian Russians.
3 East Indian. C 68
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
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C 69 C 70
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
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C 71
TABLE 18.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH
COLUMBIA,  1951.
ALL DEATHS
Place of
Occurrence
Residence
Elsewhere
Deaths of Residents
Occurring Elsewhere
Place
In Canada
In
United
States
In Canada
In
United
States
of
Residence
11,628
1
OS          1          SR
!
96         1         67
11,638
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS
Total for the Province-
7.309
41
31
7,315 C 72
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 19.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS, IN CITIES AND VILLAGES OF 1,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE
OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951.
ALL DEATHS
Place of
Occurrence
Residence
Elsewhere
Deaths of Residents
Occurring Elsewhere
Place
CITIES AND VILLAGES
In Canada
In
United
States
In Canada
In
United
States
of
Residence
Cities—
8
18
11
5
99
36
40
173
135
28
211
106
638
214
67
9
8
77
147
23
27
79
4,371
135
1,040
30
33
3
1
5
63
10
15
69
46
7
83
32
443
45
33
4
27
51
12
2
22
759
36
378
16
21
3
2
1
1
16
ii"
1
21
48
6
45
15
9
7
13
17
2
20
15
43
47
17
18
11
9
15
10
5
11
347
6
97
1
7
1
' 1
"l
1
"~2
32
1
2
1
27
65
12
Cranbrook  — 	
Duncan  _    	
51
51
31
29
Kamloops -     ■  	
118
106
Ladysmith     -	
23
148
Nelson -    	
90
238
214
51
23
19
Prince George 	
58
110
21
30
Trail—  _	
70
Vancouver    	
3,975
106
750
Villages—
15
19
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS
Cities—
1
1
81
30
28
148
102
25
157
73
556
146
57
3
68
113
21
22
65
2.987
114
782
23
27
1
1
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10        1          3
14        1          3
66        1
43         1        __
7        1
79
29         1
419        1        ___
41         I           1
32        1
3         1
27        1         T
47        1           1
12 1
2        1
22 1
687        1         11
35 1
344        1          5
14        1          1
20        1
19        I          1
44        1
4 I
37        1
9
6        1
5 1
6 1
11         1
2 1
13         1
11         1           1
29        1
33         1
11         1
17        1
9        1
4        1
13         1
8        1
4        !
8        1         2
223        I        11
3 1
72        1          2
1.       1          1
7 1
20
44
Courtenay   _	
4
37
29
Fernie.—   -  	
23
16
Kamloops.    - 	
Kelowna  -	
Ladysmith  —- -   	
88
70
20
91
56
166
137
36
17
9
44
78
17
24
Trail-
53
Vancouver   	
Vernon.  	
Victoria    —
Villages—
2.523
82
507
10
Mission  ..  	
14     ' r
VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1951
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< C 90 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 26.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST)  BY SEX AND AGE,
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, VANCOUVER,  1951
TABLE 27.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST) BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS,
BIRTHPLACE, AND MONTH OF DEATH, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, VANCOUVER,
1951.
TABLE 28.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST)  BY SEX AND AGE,
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, VICTORIA,  1951
TABLE 29.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST) BY SEX, MARITAL STATUS,
BIRTHPLACE, AND MONTH OF DEATH, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, VICTORIA,
1951.
Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent.  C 92
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 30.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST)  BY CENSUS
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Tuberculosis of respiratory system—M.
F.
2
A2
Tuberculosis  of  meninges  and  central
nervous system                                 M.
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A3
Tuberculosis of intestines, peritoneum,
A4
Tuberculosis of bones and joints       M.
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1
A5
—
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A9
A10
General paralysis of insane M.
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6
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A16
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Paratyphoid fever and other Salmonella
infections                                          _M.
Dysentery, all forms..                     M.
    _ F.
	
A17
A18
A20
A22
Scarlet  fever                                                 M.
Streptococcal sore throat   M.
Septicaemia and pyaemia M.
	
.   _                            F.
...
A23
Meningococcal infections .                  M.
       F.
	
A26
A28
Tetanus   _ _ M.
Acute poliomyelitis ~   M.
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1
	
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A29
A30
A32
Acute infectious encephalitis  ..   M.
Late effects of acute poliomyelitis and
acute infectious encephalitis— _M.
Measles     M.
	
 _               F.
	
A34
—
A43
A44
-              F.
All other diseases classified as infective
and parasitic     .          M.
Ditto   _                       F.
Maglignant neoplasm of buccal cavity
	
Ditto                                                         F.
Maglignant neoplasm of oesophagus- M.
           F.
Malignant neoplasm of stomach...     M.
   F.
Malignant neoplasm of intestine, except
rectum                     M.
A45
A46
A47
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10
15
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A48
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A50
A51
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Malignant neoplasm of trachea, and of
bronchus   and  lung  not  specified   as
secondary ...            .   M.
Ditto                         F.
Malignant neoplasm of breast     M.
3
A52
- F.
Malignant neoplasm of cervix uteri     F.
Malignant neoplasm of other and unspecified parts of uterus F.
Malignant neoplasm of prostate         M.
Malignant neoplasm of skin... M.
F
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Malignant neoplasm of bone and connective tissue         M.
Ditto  _.                 F.
Malignant neoplasm  of all  other  and
1
A58
A59
A60
Ditto                                     . ....             F.
6
     -        ...            F.
Lymphosarcoma  and  other  neoplasms
of lymphatic and haematopoietic system    ...M.
Ditto     F.
Benign   neoplasms   and   neoplasms   of
.
Ditto     F.
 I   i
1 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 93
DIVISIONS,
BY PLACE
OF RESIDENCE,
BRITISH COLUMBIA
1951
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0
>
a
>
a
>
a
>
Q
>
0
>
Q
>
0
>
a
>
a
>
>
0
>
0
>
>
P
>
S
19
12
7
49
33
16
13
8
5
94
64
30
269
190
79
6
2
4
32
22
10
55
39
16
45
32
13
22
14
8
75
47
28
94
76
18
16
12
4
23
14
9
69
46
23
96
62
34
54
29
25
23
13
10
7
5
2
8
6
2
22
13
9
192
137
55
23
14
9
36
25
11
6
3
3
5
~~5
23
13
10
64
43
21
1
1
1
1
2
5
1
...
3
1
1
~3
2
2
4
2
3
3
7
~~1
~1
1
7
6
2
2
	
1
	
3
1
1
Al
...-
	
	
	
~T
	
—
	
1
1
1
1
	
..._-
1
	
—
	
1
1
	
	
i
	
A2
__
—1
—
	
A3
---
—
	
—
A4
......
__
1
	
	
~~i
	
~1
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A5
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zz
"I
—
	
—
	
.._.
	
—
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—
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—
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—
—
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=
	
—
	
—
—
A9
A10
A13
—
	
	
	
	
A16
A17
—
	
—
	
	
	
	
	
—
—
	
	
""1
	
—
—
	
	
	
	
	
	
—
—
A18
A20
A22
	
~
—
	
l
	
	
1
1
	
—
	
—
—
......
_._
—
1
	
—
	
	
—-
	
—
	
—
—
A23
A26
A28
A29
:_..
	
—
—
2
1
=
-~~
—
	
......
	
......
—
—
	
—
—
—
—
—
H
—
A30
A32
A34
	
._...
—
1
	
—
	
A43
	
—
	
2
2
	
1
	
	
A44
1
1
__
__
	
	
	
zz
	
...
	
	
1
1
1
	
II
	
	
	
H
A45
—
1
~~4
2
1
_.„.
—
"~~2
~
~~i
i
1
__
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--
—
A46
	
	
	
1
	
	
1
	
	
1
i
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
A47
::::::
1
__
—
1
1
2
1
=
—
._.::
—
.....
~i"
—-
--
1
1
=
—
~
=
~I
=
A48
A49
1
1
4
_
1
1
l
i
if
i
A50
—
	
—
~2
._._
—
l
i
—
	
__
._-".
"1
—
—
—
._;
—
—
-—
—
~~3
A51
A52
1
	
1
1
?,
1
i
—
......
....
—
—
—
—:
—
II
—
—
A53
A54
A55
A56
	
	
3
4
1
5
5
2
	
	
2
2
3
1
.....
3
1
2
l
	
i
—
	
2
2
—
2
1
1
1
A57
—
1
i
i
—
—
A58
—
	
1
	
1
i
......
1
1
—
1
1
1
—
l
l
—
--
	
—
_
1
A59
A60
1
	
1
	
.__.
1
.....
.....
—
1 C 94
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 30.—CAUSES OF DEATH
(INTERMEDIATE LIST)
BY
CENSUS
d
Z
a
to
u
cd
cs
jp
CN
o
CN
rt
cn
o
cn
cS
jp
CS
m
P
o
■o
in
cn
3
CAUSES OF DEATH
►J
I
O
H
o
z
o
Z
0
Z
o
Z
o
Z
o
Z
O
Z
O
Z
O
Z
o
z
o
z
o
Z
c
z
o
Z
o
z
s
>
>
c
>
>
a
>
>
P
>
P
>
>
Q
p
>
5
>
3
>
>
a
>
5
A61
2
I
A62
  ......  F.
Thyrotoxicosis with or without goitre M.
        F.
Diabetis mellitus    .—    _...M.
_      F.
1
8
11
54
67
5
3
23
13
63
42
21
7
11
5
1
t
~~5
1
~~i
2
1
~T
2
i
2
2
....
1
1
~~1
2
1
5
3
~~1
l
l
__
1
7
12
1
1
3
12
7
6
3
	
1
5
4
20
27
1
1
15
5
21
20
10
2
3
1
i
5
9
16
1
1
3
2
9
5
1
1
1
—
—
A63
1
—
A64
Avitaminosis and other deficiency states
   _ M.
A65
A66
Ditto F.
Anaemias     M.
       F.
Allergic disorders;   all other endocrine,
4
1 Ditto   F.
A67 i Psychoses - M.
1
—
__
l
i
1
A68  1 Psychoneuroses   and   disorders   of  per-
I    sonality      M.
1 Ditto  F.
	
—
1
A70
'
A71
A72
A73
A75
A77
 F.
Vascular lesions  affecting  central  nervous system  _ M.
Ditto   F.
Non-meningococcal meningitis     M.
     F.
Multiple sclerosis  M.
         F.
Epilepsy    M.
 F.
Cataract  —.   F.
Otitis media and mastoiditis M.
             F.
1
630
564
8
7
5
3
14
5
1
5
7
34
28
11
11
80
91
2206
1081
97
52
276
220
42
36
123
72
26
14
6
9
75
52
60
22
164
112
54
39
11
10
34
4
2
i
2
8
.__.
~i
5
3
1
27
8
3
~2
~2
2
~1
2
1
~~i
~2
6
5
14
5
1
3
~~~1
3
7
1
1
1
6
9
1
—-
1
33
14
1
2
6
1
1
2
1
2
1
~~2
2
1
1
1
2
16
16
~ 1
~~1
—2
4
40
28
3
2
2
11
1
2
1
~~i
l
2
1
26
15
~T
~1
l
l
~~2
3
88
46
5
3
7
10
1
2
7
1
1
To
7
2
1
3
1
4
2
1
1
1
16
6
~1
—j
42
17
2
~~2
2
1
~~1
~i
~
i
i
i
~~2
1
2
1
~~1
4
4
1
17
10
2
1
~1
74
93
3
_
3
2
1
1
6
4
1
2
9
14
308
123
9
5
22
12
6
1
21
14
4
_
1
11
12
11
3
18
21
13
5
5
1
258
259
1
2
1
7
3
3
14
11
4
7
39
47
921
505
50
22
187
136
20
15
49
31
12
11
3
4
22
13
26
7
76
54
7
7
4
2
17
1
115
102
2
1
3
1
1
1
8
7
1
7
8
406
234
11
10
28
21
6
7
23
18
3
2
1
7
3
3
28
19
5
4
1
1
5
2
3
2
~~2
11
4
3
~i
19
6
1
2
2
36
12
1
3
8
1
1
~~I
1
~~Z
2
~Z
1
1
2
~1
1
9
7
A78
A79
A80
A81
All other diseases of the nervous system
and sense organs  M.
Ditto F.
Rheumatic fever     M.
     F.
Chronic rheumatic heart disease M.
 —-       F.
Arteriosclerotic and degenerative heart
disease      M.
Ditto  _  .    F.
4
1
28
6
A82
A83
A84
Other diseases of heart.. M.
       F.
Hypertension with heart disease M.
  ...  F.
Hypertension without mention of heart
 _ M.
Ditto F.
......
1
3
1
3
A85
A86
A87
Diseases of arteries   — M.
           F.
Other diseases of circulatory system . M.
        F.
Acute upper respiratory infections ...M.
  F.
_1
1
T
A88
Influenza     M.
             F.
l
i
A 89
A90
Lobar pneumonia   M.
   ...    F
Bronchopneumonia     _M.
F
__
A91
Primary atypical, other, and unspecified
pneumonia    M.
Ditto   —     F
Acute bronchitis   ...M.
   .... F.
A92
	
=
	
—
A93
Bronchitis, chronic and unqualified M.
 '
A94
,,          —         F.
Hypertrophy of tonsils and adenoids M.
.   F.
Empyema and abscess of lung M.
    F.
Pleurisy   M.
F
—
	
	
—
	
	
	
	
	
~~
~~
A95
A96
14
5
4
—
	
	
—
"~2
1
.....
~~1
1
~~~4
1
~2
1
~~2
~~I
Hi
1
~2
6
1
5
1
5
1
9
2
1
38
4
2
24
6
21
3
2
6
1
10
9
1
~~2
~1
~2
1
—
A97
All other respiratory diseases.  M.
„                        F.
75
12
3
48
7
47
8
~~I
1
—
~~I
1
2
__
1
l
A98
A99
Diseases of teeth and supporting structures .                                                 M.
—
A100
      F.
Ulcer of duodenum.  M.
 _..F.
— VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 95
DIVISIONS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951—Continued
93
WO
0
Z
>
p
0
Z
>
R
cS
VD
o
Z
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a
XI
VD
o
Z
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p
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2
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1
10
12
"~1
__
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1
58
13
1
1
3
4
1
"2
1
2
1
8
2
4
2
1
~4
1
__
2
1
n
3
1
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1
1
2
1
1
.....
1
~~2
2
1
1
2
1
....
1
8
4
.....
...._.
1
1
.....
1
1
___.
1
9
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
6
3
2
12
6
1
~~1
1
1
3
3
T
1
1
~~i
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i
6
1
~3
1
19
2
2
.....
~~4
1
1
1
1
i
i
2
1
5
i
.....
2
~2
2
1
6
5
10
4
2
1
1
.....
2
1
......
1
__
1
3
1
....
1
9
3
—-
—
—
2
1
2
2
	
—
	
ZZ
	
_
1
~1
3
2
1
"1
1
2
1
1
~~2
7
4
2
1
1
A61
A62
—
._.„
~2
2
......
1
13
3
......
i
2
37
8
.....
1
2
.....
1
"~1
1
1
2
3
1
1
_
1
—
—
A63
i
1
1
__
2
2
1
—
—
A64
A65
A66
A67
i
1
1
1
~2
1
4
2
2
1
i
i
i
6
3
19
9
~4
1
A68
A69
A70
.....
i
4
2
—
1
A71
A72
A73
A75
A77
A78
A79
A80
A81
A82
1
2
~2
2
3
3
1
1
1
1
~~1
1
1
A83
i
■1
1
-....
A84
1
2
.....
~~2
"T
......
~1
l
i
l
A85
I...
1
1
2
1
	
1
	
A86
A87
	
1
2
1
1
.....
..._.
__
~"T
""3
.....
"~5
2
1
—i
....
ZZ
A88
A89
.....
1
4
1
_..„
~1
1
1
~~~2
__
—
1
~
A90
A91
A92
	
—
..__
1
1
1
.....
1
—
A93
A94
A95
A96
A97
......
--
—
A98
A99
A100 C 96
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 30.—CAUSES OF DEATH  (INTERMEDIATE LIST)  BY CENSUS
6
Z
rt
O
u
rt
CN
CN
o
CN
rt
cn
j.
o
cn
rt
■cf
XI
rt
>n
o
•a
in
us
3
CAUSES OF DEATH
<
H
O
H
O
Z
o
Z
o
Z
O
Z
0
Z
o
Z
o
Z
c
Z
o
Z
O
Z
o
Z
O
Z
o
Z
o
Z
O
Z
C
>
>
>
0
>
0
>
>
P
>
R
>
a
>
P
>
P
>
P
>
a
>
5
>
S
>
3
A101
A102
Gastritis and duodenitis. F.
Appendicitis                                           M.
    F.
1
15
5
38
25
37
41
70
24
12
27
23
25
5
4
78
39
28
9
7
2
85
16
4
3
2
1
5
2
7
1
2
11
14
5
5
9
5
18
42
32
35
26
54
28
62
35
20
10
14
10
18
9
87
82
22
21
53
38
876
258
~~1
~~1
~2
4
_1
1
1
1
1
.....
1
1
~I
~~i
~~1
l
i
i
i
"~I
l
i
.......
T
l
_..„
i
2
1
.....
2
4
3
~~3
2
2
1
2
5
2
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
i
3
1
~~2
2
1
1
1
2
4
~~2
7
4
1
3
1
3
6
7
3
2
10
1
1
1
2
1
8
4
11
12
12
8
40
14
6
9
12
12
2
1
37
16
18
6
4
43
3
1
2
1
1
1
3
4
2
5
3
8
21
19
17
10
21
11
17
12
8
2
4
5
4
4
23
22
7
4
2
2
356
119
3
4
3
2
5
7
3
1
8
6
2
1
14
3
2
1
2
13
4
1
1
3
5
2
1
2
4
5
4
2
3
6
3
12
8
1
5
1
1
2
4
16
1
~~i
__
~
~~i
~3
A103
Intestinal obstruction and hernia     M.
          _.        ...   F.
1
1
A104
Gastro-enteritis and colitis, except diar-
A105
Ditto   F.
1
A106
_  F.
Cholelithiasis and cholecystitis  M.
 F.
1
A107
1
A108
         F.
Acute nephritis        M.
                JF.
1
A109
A110
Alll
Chronic, other, and unspecified nephritis                            M.
Ditto  F.
Infections of kidney  M.
    F.
1
1
1
A112
A114
  F.
Hyperplasia of prostate M.
Other diseases of genito-urinary system
      M.
.....
A115
A116
A117
A118
Ditto       ..   -     - F.
Sepsis of pregnancy, childbirth, and the
puerperium              .          F.
ToxEemias of pregnancy and the puerperium   _ — .F.
Haemorrhage  of  pregnancy  and  childbirth             F.
Abortion without mention of sepsis or
toxa.mia  -   F.
Abortion with sepsis _ F.
Other complications of pregnancy, childbirth, and the puerperium F.
Infections   of   skin   and   subcutaneous
tissue   ...M.
Ditto              F.
—
A119
A120
A121
—
T
—
~T
	
	
1
2
.    _
3
1
1
3
4
1
7
4
7
3
6
3
2
3
.     _
2
11
12
4
8
2
6
95
30
A122
Arthritis and spondylitis  M.
   F.
Osteomyelitis and periostitis    M.
All other diseases of skin and musculoskeletal system   M.
Ditto                F.
1
A124
A126
	
l
3
~~1
1
1
3
2
2
19
1
l
"5
2
~~'3
2
_
1
A127
Spina bifida and meningocele  M.
 F.
2
2
3
1
3
2
~~2
~~3
1
i
2
1
17
2
l
~~I
l
8
2
1
3
1
...
1
3
1
5
4
17
4
l
l
~2
1
1
3
2
~i
2
1
1
1
35
10
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
~~3
27
3
~~1
1
2
1
"~2
11
1
A128
A129
A130
A131
A132
Congential malformations of circulatory
system   _ .M.
Ditto    -.. F.
All other congenital malformations ..M.
               .. F.
Birth injuries __ M.
 F.
Postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis.     M.
   F.
Infections of the new-born —M.
 F.
......
2
A133
A134
A135
A136
Hfemolytic disease of new-born M.
    F.
All other defined diseases of early infancy     M.
Ditto       F.
Ill-defined diseases peculiar to early infancy, and immaturity unqualified.M.
Ditto      F.
Senility  without  mention  of psychosis
  M.
3
4
1
Ditto       F.
A137
1
2
83
37
l
l
l
2
17
6
F.
Alternative   classification   of  accidents,
poisonings,    and   violence    (external
16
Ditto _   F.
4
AE138
Motor-vehicle accidents  M.
... F.
180
57
90
10
1
7
1
	
7
.__„
4
......
6
3
7
5
1
28
7
7
2
65
26
40
4
17
9
7
2
—
5
1
2
7
3
AE139
Other transport accidents —M.
 F. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 97
DIVISIONS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951—Continued
ii
wo
o
z
>
R
«*H
V.
o
Z
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AE139 C 98
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 30.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST) BY CENSUS
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CAUSES OF DEATH
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Accidental falls   M.
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Accident caused by machinery. ..   .M.
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Ditto - F.
Accident caused by firearm. M.
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Homicide and injury purposely inflicted
by other persons (not in war)      M.
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poisonings,  and violence   (nature of
injury)    M.
Ditto    F.
Fracture of skull M.
F.
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Fracture of limbs M.
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1
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Head injury (excluding fracture)      M.
„                                                       F.
AN 144
AN 145
Internal injury of chest, abdomen, and
pelvis    .M.
Ditto     F.
Laceration and open wounds M.
__  F.
Superficial injury, contusion and crushing with intact skin surface  ... F.
Effects of foreign body entering through
orifice      ...M.
Ditto                 ~                                          F.
3
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Burns        M.
   F.
Effects of poisons M.
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All   other   and   unspecified   effects   of
external causes M.
Ditto    F.
AN149
AN 150
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6
4 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C 99
DIVISIONS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951—Continued
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1 C 100
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
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332
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126
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C 109
TABLE 37.—BIRTHS OF INDIANS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)  BY MONTH,
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
TOTAL
MONTHS
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101
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117
126
111
114
121
123
121
TABLE 38.—LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS OF INDIANS (EXCLUSIVE OF
STILLBIRTHS), BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
TOTAL BIRTHS
LEGITIMATE
ILLEGITIMATE
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total for the Province...
1,430
771
659
1,052
555
497
378
216
162 C 110
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C 111
TABLE 40.—DEATHS OF INDIAN CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)  BY MONTHS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
hJ
<
h
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183
15
8
10
20
12
13
17
15
23
13
19
18
TABLE 41.—DEATHS OF INDIAN CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) BY AGE AT DEATH, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
AGES
 Total
      ..... M.
       _        F.
 Total
  M.
 F.
          Total
„           _.. M.
        F.
     Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
                       F.
        Total
 F.
.  Total
 Total
 M.
 Total
      M.
F.
7-13 davs 	
      _ Total
     M.
                            ... F.
14 20 (lavs _ .
 Total
 _ _     M.
 F.
21-27 davs 	
 Total
       M.
F.
     Total
     M.
_ F.
No.
183
108
AGES
28 days and under 2 months	
 ...Total
M.
No.
18
13
75
         F.
5
17
9
2 months and under 3 months 	
  Total
M.
18
10
8
8
5
3 months and under 4 months 	
    F.
 Total
 M.
8
21
14
3
5
 F.
 Total
7
16
4
  M.
11
1
  F.
5
2
5 months and under 6 months 	
 ..Total
14
2
1
1
6 months and under 7 months 	
 M.
 v F.
 ...Total
        M.
6
8
13
10
1
1
34
7 months and under 8 months	
 F.
-- Total
        M.
3
8
4
19
15
 F.
 Total
4
6
7
M.
1
3
 F.
5
4
9 months and under 10 months „	
 Total
8
3
        M.
6
2
1
5
4
1
49
10 months and under 11 months	
11 months and under 12 months	
-  F.
-- Total
 M.
 F.
 .-Total
 M.
2
6
1
5
6
4
28
 F.
2
21 C 112
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 42.—DEATHS OF INDIAN CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF
STILLBIRTHS) FROM CERTAIN SPECIFIED CAUSES, BY SEX, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951.
Int. List
No.
CAUSES OF DEATH
Total
M.
001-019
020-029
045-048
050
052
055
056
057
085
273
340
391,392
480-483
490-493
500-502
543
571
572
750-759
752
754
750,751,
753,
755-759
760, 761
762
763
764
769
770
772
773
774-776
795
E800-
E936
All causes    	
Tuberculosis 	
Syphilis	
Dysentery	
Scarlet fever	
Erysipelas    	
Diphtheria 	
Whooping-cough-    —   _
Meningococcal infections    	
Measles.	
Diseases of thymus gland  	
Meningitis (non-meningococcal)	
Otitis media  	
Influenza .  	
Pneumonia (4 weeks and over)  	
Bronchitis   	
Gastritis and duodenitis   	
Gastro-enteritis and colitis  	
Chronic enteritis and ulcerative colitis	
Congenital malformations	
Congenital hydrocephalus 	
Congenital malformations of circulatory system-
Others under this title-
Injury at birth-
Postnatal asphyxia and atelectasis	
Pneumonia of new-born (under 4 weeks).
Diarrhoea of new-born (under 4 weeks) —
Antenatal toxasmia	
Erythroblastosis.
Nutritional maladjustment	
Ill-defined diseases peculiar to early infancy-
Immaturity ..
Ill-defined and unknown causes..
Accidental causes	
Other specified causes	
183
4
1
2
2
1
10
49
5
18
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1
2
4
4
3
6
1
3
3
1
19
11
15
108
3
1
2
2
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25
3
10
~3
~2
1
2
2
2
4
1
3
3
1
10
4
75
1
1
4
24
2
TABLE 43.—DEATHS OF INDIANS  (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS)  BY MONTHS,
BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1951
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44
36
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39
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51
51
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C 113
TABLE 44.—DEATHS OF INDIANS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) BY SINGLE YEARS OF
AGE AND AGE-GROUPS, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951
AGES
TOTAL
M.
F.
AGES
TOTAL
M.
F.
564
183
31
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13
299
108
13
4
2
5
265
75
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6
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1
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5
3
1
3
3
3
51    „          	
1
52   „                                	
1
53    „
1
54    „               	
2
Total 50-54 years 	
18
2
2
1
2
10
1
4    „                   	
8
243
3
4
9
1
2
132
1
3
5
1
1
111
2
1
4
1
1
56    „    	
2
57    „
1
6    „          	
58    „    	
2
7    „                       	
59    „      ...   _   	
Total 55-59 years _ -...
60 years —   -
61 „         .  .   -
7
7
7
3
3
2
1
6
5
3
1
1
9    „	
6
19
3
3
5
1
11
1
2
2
1
8
2
1
3
1
2
10 years  - 	
11 „    	
62    „	
63    „    	
2
12    „                            	
64    „    .
1
Total 60-64 years	
22
2
7
6
2
1
16
1
2
2
2
1
14    „     _	
6
Total 10-14 years -
12
5
6
4
4
3
6
2
1
2
2
2
6
3
5
2
2
1
1
66    „        .
5
15 years  —	
16 „
67    „   	
4
68    „   .
17    „         .                 	
69    „    	
Total 65-69 years	
18
4
9
4
6
3
8
2
5
3
3
3
19    „                           	
10
Total 15-19 years	
22
2
3
5
6
7
9
1
1
3
3
3
13
1
2
2
3
4
2
71    „     	
4
20 years  — 	
21 „     	
72    „  	
1
73    „      	
3
22    „        	
74    „    ... 	
Total 70-74 years	
26
8
9
1
5
6
16
3
2
1
2
2
75 years 	
76 „  -
Total 20-24 years	
23
4
3
2
5
2
11
1
1
.....
2
12
3
2
2
2
5
7
77    „    	
26   „
78    „    	
3
27    „                            	
79 ;;  	
4
Total 75-79 years	
29
5
6
7
4
8
10
3
2
6
3
5
29   „	
19
Total 25 29 years
16
5
2
6
7
4
9
1
2
2
2
81    „        	
4
82    „	
1
31    „
83    „     	
1
32    „
84    „    	
3
Total 80-84 years 	
85 years  	
86 „     	
30
2
3
1
2
2
19
1
2
1
2
1
34    „                    	
11
Total 30-34 years	
13
2
3
6
3
8
1
1
2
1
5
1
2
4
2
1
1
87    „     	
36   „     	
88    „     	
37    „                           	
89    „    	
1
Total 85-89 years 	
10
1
2
1
7
1
1
39    „	
3
Total 35-39 years	
14
2
4
1
2
3
5
1
2
1
~2
9
1
2
2
1
91    „     	
2
92    „     	
41     „    .    	
93    „    	
42    „     -    -
94    „     	
Total 90-94 years	
95 years   	
96 „     	
4
2
2
1
44    „       	
2
Total 40-44 years	
12
5
5
5
3
3
6
4
3
2
3
2
6
1
2
3
1
1
97    „    	
1
46    „   _     -	
98    „     	
47    „    	
99    „	
Total 95-99 years  .
3
2
1
......
100 years and over.  	
Not stated     	
Total 45^19 years   	
21
14
7
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C 117
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< C 118
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
TABLE 46.—CAUSES OF DEATH (INTERMEDIATE LIST)  OF HALF-BREEDS,
BY SEX AND AGE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,  1951
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently
urgent.
TABLE 47.—REGISTRATION OF ADOPTIONS ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY YEAR OF COURT ORDER AND SEX OF CHILDREN, AND
BY WHOM ADOPTED,  1951.
Year of Court Order
Number of Orders
Entered and
Certificates Issued
Adopted by
Total
Male
Female
Man and
Wife
Man
Only
Woman
Only
1934              _..  	
21
394
1
1
25
347
1
1
46
729
3
9
1
1949              _	
1
1950 . 	
1951   	
46
741
Totals.      	
415
374
777
3
9
789
TABLE 48.—REGISTRATION OF ADOPTIONS ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY YEAR OF COURT ORDER AND SEX AND LEGITIMACY
OF CHILDREN,  1951.
Year
Adoption
Ordered
Legitimate Births
Illegitimate Births
Not Given or Unknown
Total
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
1934 	
1949	
8
1
7
1
15
217
12
273
1
16
232
1
28
505
1
10
2
9
3
19
1
1
1950               	
46
1951             	
111     |     106
741
Totals	
119           114           233
1                1
285
249
534
11
11
22
789
TABLE 49.—REGISTRATION OF ADOPTIONS ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY BIRTHPLACE OF CHILDREN, 1951, WITH THE CUMULATIVE TOTALS FROM APRIL,  1920,1 TO DECEMBER 31st,  1951.
Place of Birth
Registered in
1951
Apr.,
1920,to
Dec. 31,
1951
Place of Birth
Registered in
1951
Apr.,
1920, to
Dec. 31,
1951
687
21
15
1
9
2
25
2
12
6,631
228
127
7
12
108
18
219
3
2
110
1
2
7
5
26
Wales 	
Other British possessions	
3
Manitoba   —	
10
6
Europe _ 	
47
9
113
Not given or unknown 	
Totals
22
Newfoundland and Labrador    ...
789
7,701
England .- 	
l "Adoption Act " assented to April 17th, 1920. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT,  1951
C  119
TABLE 50.—REGISTRATION OF DECREES OF DISSOLUTION AND NULLITY OF MARRIAGE, AND IUDICIAL SEPARATION ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY DURATION OF MARRIAGE,  1947-51.
Number
Years Married
Number
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
1947
1948
1949
1950
1951
19
70
82
119
146
150
160
150
115
109
88
83
68
61
47
18
58
102
92
120
125
134
148
116
97
fO
76
62
54
52
16
52
59
113
99
110
114
99
118
100
76
64
68
58
49
12
47
70
90
99
88
90
97
98
96
76
50
42
47
46
21
47
52
94
93
94
81
92
80
86
68
76
48
43
41
41
42
38
36
37
110
65
38
4
2
34
35
34
34
34
121
63
49
5
1
32
30
28
36
28
106
63
28
3
5
37
29
34
28
28
107
50
48
4
11
53
1 ye
2 ye
3
16    „      	
35
17    „ 	
39
18    ,,     	
22
4    ,
19   „	
23
5    ,
20 years but less than
25 years 	
25 years but less than
30 years 	
30 years but less than
40 years	
40 years and over	
6    ,
98
7    ,
8    ,
59
9    ,
10    ,
39
11    ,
12
4
6
13 ,
14 ,
Totals	
1,880
1,744
1,554
1,424
1,394
TABLE 51.—REGISTRATION OF DECREES OF DISSOLUTION AND NULLITY OF MARRIAGE, AND JUDICIAL SEPARATION ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY NUMBER AND SEX OF CHILDREN AFFECTED,   1947-51.
Award of Custody
Male
Female
Total
1947
1
1948 I 1949
1
1950 I 1951
1
1947 I 1948
1
1          1
1949 1 1950 I 1951
1          1
1          1          1
1947 | 1948 I 1949 | 1950
1          1          1
1951
630
17
22
1
616 I 535
19       11
55 |    42
514 | 486
12 |    15
38       34
I
628 |  580
16 r   11
21  |    78
1          i
508  I  482 1  445
12 |     12 j     12
24 |    25 |    28
1          1          1
1,258 |1,196 |1,043 |   996
33 1     30 1     23 1     24
931
27
43 |   133 |     66 |     63 |     62
Totals	
669
690 | 588
1
564 |  535
665 | 669 | 544 | 519 | 485
(III
1,334 |1,359
1
1,132 |1,083 |1,020
1          1
TABLE 52.—REGISTRATION OF DECREES OF DISSOLUTION AND NULLITY.OF MARRIAGE, AND JUDICIAL SEPARATION ORDERED BY THE SUPREME COURT OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY SEX OF PETITIONER,  1947-51.
Dissolution of Marriage
Nullity of Marriage
Judicial Separation
Year
Sex of Petitioner
Sex of Petitioner
Sex of Petitioner
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
Male
Female
Total
1947	
1948 _.	
1949.	
659
586
538
487
471
1,167
1,097
953
890
868
1,826
1,683
1,491
1,377
1,339
21
16
19
15
17
29
32
33
20
29
50
48
52
35
46
2
2
13
9
12
9
2
13
11
12
9
1950 	
1951    	
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.
1953
900-553-3765 

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