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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA Department of Labour ANNUAL REPORT For the Year Ended December 31st 1950 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1952

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
Department of Labour
ANNUAL REPORT
For the Year Ended December 31st
1950
VICTORIA, B.C.
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty
1951  To His Honour Clarence Wallace, C.B.E.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Department of Labour of the Province for the year 1950
is herewith respectfully submitted.
JOHN H. CATES,
Minister of Labour.
Office of the Minister of Labour,
August, 1951. The Honourable John H. Cates,
Minister of Labour.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Thirty-third Annual Report on the
work of the Department of Labour up to December 31st, 1950.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
JAMES THOMSON,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
Department of Labour,
Victoria, B.C., August, 1951. DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
OFFICIALS, 1950
Honourable J. H. Cates, Minister of Labour, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Miss M. Kennedy, Secretary, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
James Thomson, Deputy Minister of Labour, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
B. W. Dysart, Chief Administrative Officer, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
R. D. Lemmax, Chief Factory Inspector, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
Hamilton Crisford, Director of Apprenticehip, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
B. H. E. Goult, Chief Executive Officer, Conciliation Branch, Labour Relations Board,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
BRANCH OFFICES
411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
570 Seymour Street, Vancouver 2, B.C.
515 Columbia Street, Kamloops, B.C.
17 Bastion Street, Nanaimo, B.C.
P.O. Box 90, Prince George, B.C.
Burns Block, Nelson, B.C.
Capital News Building, Kelowna, B.C.
Court-house, Smithers, B.C.
BOARD OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
(Headquarters: Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.)
James Thomson, Chairman, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Mrs. Rex Eaton, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
H. Douglas, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
G. A. Little, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
C. J. McDowell, Member, Victoria, B.C.
C. R. Margison, Secretary, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
LABOUR RELATIONS BOARD
(Headquarters: Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.)
D'Arcy J. Baldwin, Chairman, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Col. M. F. Macintosh, Member, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
G. Wilkinson, Member, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
H. Strange, Member, 570 Seymour Street, Vancouver 2, B.C.
F. W. Smelts, Member, 570 Seymour Street, Vancouver 2, B.C.
E. A. Jamieson, Secretary, 570 Seymour Street, Vancouver 2, B.C.
PROVINCIAL APPRENTICESHIP COMMITTEE
(Headquarters: 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B.C.)
James Thomson, Member, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
H. Douglas, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
James Walker, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
John Tucker, Member, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
Hamilton Crisford, Secretary, 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
TRADE-SCHOOLS REGULATIONS OFFICERS
(Headquarters: 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B.C.)
Mrs. Rex Eaton. Hamilton Crisford.
PROVINCIAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS
George Bruce, Chairman, 846 Fourteenth Avenue East, Vancouver 10, B.C.
Chief William Scow, Member, Alert Bay, B.C.
Ernest Brewer, Member, Vernon, B.C.
Edward Bolton, Member, Port Essington, B.C.
Capt. Charles W. Cates, Member, 266 Fourth Street West, North Vancouver, B.C.
L. P. Guichon, Member, Quilchena, B.C.
T. R. Kelly, Secretary, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
RENTALS CONTROL OFFICE
(Headquarters:  779 Burrard Street, Vancouver 1, B.C.)
Stuart DeVitt, Rentals Officer.  SUMMARY OF CONTENTS
Page
List of Acts Affecting Labour Inside front cover
Report of Deputy Minister  7
Statistics of Trades and Industries  8
Employers' Returns  8
Payroll  8
Previous Provincial Payrolls  8
Comparison of Payrolls  9
Industrial Divisions  10
Average Weekly Earnings by Industries  11
Clerical Workers' Average Weekly Earnings  11
Industrial Wage  12
Firms with Large Payrolls  15
Employment  15
Statistical Tables ,  21
Summary of All Tables  34
" Hours of Work Act" ,  3 6
Average Weekly Hours  37
Statistics of Civic and Municipal Workers  39
Summary of New Laws Affecting Labour  41
" Annual Holidays Act Amendment Act, 1951 "  41
" Apprenticeship Act Amendment Act, 1951 "  41
" Factories Act Amendment Act, 1951 "  41
"Mechanics' Lien Act Amendment Act, 1951 "  41
" Public Works Fair Wages and Conditions of Employment Act"  41
" Shops Regulation and Weekly Holiday Act Amendment Act, 1951 "  42
Board of Industrial Relations  43
Meetings and Delegations  43
Orders and Regulations Made during 1950 _'_  43
Statistics Covering Women and Girl Employees  45
Summary of All Occupations  50
Comparison of 1950 Earnings to Legal Minimum  51
Statistical Summary—Hospital-workers (Female)  51
Statistics for Male Employees  52
Inspections and Wage Adjustments -  54
Court Cases  55
Special Licences  56
Conclusion  56
Summary of Orders  57
General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946)  93
List of Orders in Effect  93
Hours of Work Regulations  95
Control of Employment of Children  102
" Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act"—Report of Labour Relations Board
(British Columbia)  103
Table I.—Summary of Cases Dealt With  105
Table II.—Conciliation  106
Table III.—Boards of Conciliation, 1950  116
Table IV.—Summary of Disputes Commencing in 1950  138 Page
" Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act"—Report of Labour Relations Board
(British Columbia)—Continued
Table V.—Analysis of Disputes in British Columbia, 1935-50  140
Chart Showing Percentage of Total Working-time Lost through Industrial
Disputes, 1936-50  141
Legal Proceedings Involving the Labour Relations Board (British Columbia) ___ 142
Summary of Prosecutions for 1950  142
Employers' and Employees' (Labour) Organizations  142
Table VI.—Number of Labour Organizations Making Returns, etc  143
Chart Showing Distribution of Trade-union Membership by Industrial Classifications, 1950  144
Table VII.—Analysis of Time-loss by Industry in British Columbia, 1950  144
Organizations of Employees  145
Organizations of Employers  159
Inspection of Factories  161
Factory Conditions _•  161
Inspections  162
Accident-prevention  162
Freight and Passenger Elevators  162
Elevator Inspections  164
New Elevator Installations  164
Elevator Operators' Licences  164
No Prosecutions  165
Industrial Homework  165
Child-labour  165
Amendments to Regulations .  165
Conclusion  166
Apprenticeship Branch  167
Trade-schools Regulation Branch  170
Provincial Advisory Committee on Indian Affairs  174 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LABOUR FOR 1950
This Annual Report for the year 1950, the thirty-third in the history of the Department, marks the commencement of a new era of industrial preparedness and progressive
development designed to meet the challenge of a changing world, equipped for lasting
peace or, if the need arise, prepared to face the threat of war.
The desire to increase the production of goods and services required by the nation,
through the development and effective utilization of our natural resources, and at once
continue to maintain the over-all objective of improvement in our standards of living
brought continuous readjustment within the labour force.
Increase in consumer demand, necessitating greater capital investment, increased
productivity, and a larger volume of export trade, has again resulted in a steady rise in
employment and earnings. The increase in labour income is reflected in the Provincial
estimated payroll, which continued to rise, totalling some $695,000,000 for 1950, an
apparent increase of $23,019,185 over the final estimated total of $671,980,815 recorded
for 1949.
Continued expansion in the lumber industries was evident throughout the year,
with increasing numbers of firms reporting growing payrolls in both the primary and
secondary phases of this business. Construction payrolls, although affected somewhat
by rising price trends and conditions of material supply, continued in strength, failing,
however, to reach the record high figure established in 1949.
Earnings continued at a high level, with further increases noted in twenty-two of
the twenty-five industrial classifications shown in this Report.
The average weekly industrial wage figure for all male wage-earners included in
the survey reached a new high of $51.88, an increase of $2.67 over the preceding year.
Twenty of the twenty-five tables relating to the industrial group showed increased
payroll totals for 1950.
Greatest payroll increase came in the lumber industries, up $21,000,000 from the
1949 figure. Metal-trades industries gained by $6,000,000, while public utilities increased
by over $2,000,000. For others in order of increase, see " Comparison of Payrolls " in
Report data.
The construction industry, which had topped all previous records during 1949,
reported lower payroll totals in 1950, off $1,500,000 from the peak figure established
for the previous year. Ship-building and boat-building continued to decline, off a further
$600,000 from the 1950 total. Coal-mining payrolls decreased by $500,000, while
lesser decreases were noted in leather- and fur-goods manufacturing, and jewellery-
manufacturing.
The general employment index for British Columbia was slightly higher in 1950
than during the previous year. Although fluctuating decreases occurred in many industries, increased totals were apparent in thirteen of the twenty-five industrial classifications,
and the volume of increased employment in the lumber industries, metal trades, and
other industries normally employing the greatest number of workers was sufficient to
raise the 1950 level above the previous year, and to further exceed the high mark established in 1948. The high monthly employment figure for wage-earners was recorded at
165,933 in September of 1950, as compared with a high of 154,753 noted for the month
of August, 1949.
Further slight decreases in the average weekly hours of work were noted in many
industries.    Representing the average weekly working-hours for all wage-earners, the
1950 figure was computed at 41.89, decreased from 42.24 recorded in 1949, and establishing an all-time low figure for average hours worked by industry in this Province. H
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
STATISTICS OF TRADES AND INDUSTRIES
The statistical section for 1950 again presents an interesting annual record of the
fluctuations and changes in our Provincial economy which serve to highlight the path of
progress and improvement in the material welfare of the British Columbia worker.
EMPLOYERS' RETURNS TOTAL 9,509
A considerable increase was noted in the number of firms reporting in time for
tabulation in the 1950 figures. The steady growth in the numbers of industrial employers
covered by the survey, together with the co-operation of most firms in the prompt completion of the statistical inquiry, resulted in a total of some 9,509 returns being tabulated
for 1950, as compared with 9,020 for 1949, an increase of 489.
By reason of the fact that many firms file reports in more than one industrial classification, the " number of firms reporting " should be properly considered as representing
the actual number of reports tabulated.
PAYROLL
Representing the total amount of salaries and wages reported by the 9,509 firms
filing returns in time for classification in the tables, the total industrial payroll amounted
to $474,434,052 for 1950. This figure, however, being a summary only of industrial
payrolls, should not be considered as the over-all Provincial payroll without the addition
of further totals which follow, to show an accumulative estimated total of $695,000,000,
an apparent increase of $23,019,185 over final estimates for 1949:—
Payrolls of 9,509 firms making returns to Department of Labour—-. —  $474,434,052
Returns received too late to be included in above summary    898,366
Transcontinental railways (ascertained payroll)     33,362,663
Estimated additional payrolls, including employers covered by the survey but not filing
returns, and additional services not included in the tables;   namely, Governmental
workers, wholesale and retail firms, ocean services, miscellaneous (estimated payroll) 186,304,919
Total        _  $695,000,000
PREVIOUS PROVINCIAL PAYROLLS
Provincial payroll totals since 1928 have been estimated as follows:—
1928   _   ~~ $183,097,781 1940   $188,325,766
1929        192,092,249 1941.       239,525,459
1930_           167,133,813 1942.        321,981,489
1931             131,941,008 1943  _      394,953,031
1932      102,957,074 1944      388,100,000
1933       _       99,126,653 1945      383,700,000
1934          113,567,953 1946  432,919,727
1935      125,812,140 1947  557,075,508
1936   142,349,591 1948    639,995,979
1937  - - 162,654,234 1949    671,980,8151
1938    - 158,026,375 1950   _ 695,000,0002
1939    165,683,460
1 1949 total revised since 1949 Report.
2 1950 preliminary total subject to revision.
Current estimates of the over-all Provincial payroll are based primarily on the
increase or decrease in the total labour costs of the industrial firms reporting, although
further allowance is made for relative expansion and development in other payroll
sections and additional services not included in the coverage of the industrial survey.
Preliminary estimated totals are in turn subject to revision from year to year, based
on additional information not available at the time of publication.
Relative percentages of the total labour force represented in each class of worker
are shown in the following table:—
Officers, superintendents, and managers.
Clerks, stenographers, and salesmen	
Wage-earners— 	
Totals.
1946
1947
Per Cent
9.07
12.14
78.79
100.00
Per Cent
8.75
11.37
79.88
100.00
1948
Per Cent
8.95
11.85
79.20
100.00
1949
Per Cent
9.29
11.85
78.86
100.00
1950
Per Cent
9.25
12.01
78.74
100.00 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 9
COMPARISON OF PAYROLLS
Industrial payrolls continued an upward trend during 1950, the high levels of
employment combined with increased average earnings being largely responsible for the
rise in labour income. Most of the major industrial groups shared in this increase, with
rising payrolls being noted in twenty of the twenty-five industrial classifications included
in the survey for 1950.
Leading in the list of increases, the lumber industries forged ahead, showing a gain
of $21,441,836 over the previous year's total, to more than offset the sharp decrease
suffered in that year due to extreme winter conditions. Metal trades advanced by
$6,326,282 from the 1949 total, followed by public utilities, up $2,226,268, and metal-
mining with an increase of $1,563,152; coast shipping increased by $1,422,259, followed
by food-products manufacturing with a gain of .$1,335,211, and smelting and concentrating, up $1,313,225; pulp and paper manufacturing increased by $1,166,759; cartage,
trucking, and warehousing, up $931,892; wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.), a gain of
$910,676; miscellaneous trades and industries, up $887,181; printing and publishing,
$839,119; builders' materials, $824,026; oil refining and distributing, $794,384;
garment-manufacturing, $357,617; laundries, cleaning and dyeing, $240,578; breweries,
distilleries, and aerated-water manufacturers, $214,505; paint-manufacturing, $90,490;
house furnishings, $50,233; and explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals, $14,032.
Five of the industrial classifications recorded decreases for the year. The construction industry, while continuing at a high level, was down $1,520,853 from the all-time
record figure established in this industry during 1949. The ship-building and boatbuilding industry dropped a further $607,300 from the previous year's total, while
coal-mining was off $507,100. Other industries recording lesser decreases were leather-
and fur-goods manufacturing, down $33,951, and jewellery manufacturing and repair,
off $10,264 from the total for the previous year.
Industry
1948
No. of
Firms
Reporting
Total
Payroll
1949
No. of
Firms
Reporting
Total
Payroll
1950
No. of
Firms
Reporting
Total
Payroll
Breweries, distilleries, and aerated-water
manufacturers — 	
Builders' materials	
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping  	
Construction	
Explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals	
Food-products manufacturing	
Garment-manufacturing	
House furnishings  	
Jewellery manufacturing and repair	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Leather- and fur-goods manufacturing	
Lumber industries... .— 	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining 	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil refining and distributing.. 	
Paint-manufacturing	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building and boat-building	
Smelting and concentrating	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc   	
Wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.)	
Totals	
34
132
435
25
127
2,078
35
658
89
137
40
195
106
1,819
1,488
152
559
67
13
153
9
82
5
109
189
8,736
$3,609,739.00
6,907,420.00
5,088,317.00
5,288,864.00
17,001,030.00
59,422,935.00
5,485,887.00
33,082,805.00
2,785,209.00
4,183,552.00
769,177.00
4,974,750.00
1,597,353.00
105,152,349.00
35,720,896.00
18,502,053.00
18,669,989.00
6,329,656.00
958,283.00
9,297,215.00
16,664,439.00
12,315,940.00
12,076,589.00
26,758,522.00
13,747,237.00
40
125
484
23
138
2,193
38
667
117
132
37
191
103
1,701
1,583
157
628
70
16
160
8
72
5
115
217
$4,295,451.00
7,041,004.00
6,709,663.00
6,335,052.00
18,908,777.00
66,146,621.00
5,999,205.00
34,600,708.00
3,115,608.00
4,278,103.00
818,637.00
5,346,701.00
1,770,608.00
92,774,779.00
39,726,296.00
19,089,959.00
22,288,682.00
7,344,564.00
1,072,026.00
10,632,477.00
14,849,256.00
7,613,057.00
12,012,394.00
27,745,638.00
13,648,529.00
40
132
502
24
130
2,220
36
666
117
136
35
206
106
2,064
1,595
165
632
80
17
173
9
76
6
125
217
$4,509,956.00
7,865,030.00
7,641,555.00
5,827,952.00
20,331,036.00
64,625,768.00
6,013,237.00
35,935,919.00
3,473,225.00
4,328,336.00
808,373.00
5,587,279.00
1,736,657.00
114,216,615.00
46,052,578.00
20,653,111.00
23,175,863.00
8,138,948.00
1,162,516.00
11,471,596.00
16,016,015.00
7,005,757.00
13,325,619.00
29,971,906.00
14,559,205.00
$426,390,206.00
9,020
$434,163,795.00
9,509
$474,434,052.00 H 10
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
INDUSTRIAL DIVISIONS
Trends of industrial activity in various sections of the Province are recorded and
grouped under three main divisional headings, including Greater Vancouver, Rest of
Province, and Vancouver Island. The relative degree of industrial progress and development occurring in the three divisions is indicated by a percentage breakdown of the
industrial payroll to show the proportion attributable to each sector. The application
of these percentages to the over-all estimated Provincial payroll further shows the
concentration of the entire labour force under each heading.
Percentage of the 1950 industrial payroll attributable to the Greater Vancouver area
was recorded at 42.93 per cent, a fractional decrease from the 43.82 per cent noted
in 1949. While the percentage representing the Rest of Province remained almost
unchanged at 38.69 per cent, the Vancouver Island percentage increased slightly to 18.38
per cent, from a figure of 17.27 per cent computed for the previous year.
Divisional totals resulting from the application of these percentages to the Provincial
over-all estimated payroll are shown in the following table, together with comparative
data for previous years:—
1946
1947
1948
1949'
19502
Greater Vancouver...
Rest of Province
Vancouver Island
$191,480,395.00
158,015,700.00
83,423,632.00
$223,777,232.00
219,933,410.00
113,364,866.00
$269,374,308.00
244,286,465.00
126,335,206.00
$294,461,993.00
261,467,735.00
116,051,087.00
$298,363,500.00
268,895,500.00
127,741,000.00
Totals	
$432,919,727.00
$557,075,508.00
$639,995,979.00
$671,980,815.00
$695,000,000.00
1 1949 total revised since publication of 1949 Report.
2 1950 preliminary total subject to revision.
Covering the various industries included in the survey, a record is maintained to
show by percentage of total the numbers in the wage-earner group who continue to be
employed at less than $19 per week. Although part-time occupations and casual labour
are largely responsible for many workers appearing in this category, it is significant that
the percentages of the total male wage-earners in this lower earnings bracket continued
to decrease in thirteen of the twenty-five industrial classifications for 1950.
For the week under review, a total of 172,679 male wage-earners were reported, of
which some 4,120 or 2.39 per cent were shown as receiving less than $19 per week,
a further decrease from the 2.43 per cent recorded in this classification during 1949.
The table following shows, in order of diminishing percentages, the total male
wage-earners reported in each industry, together with the percentage of that number
shown at less than $19 per week:—
Industry
Printing and publishing 	
Leather- and fur-goods manufacturing..
Food-products manufacturing 	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Jewellery manufacturing and repair.	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing	
Ship-building and boat-building 	
Coast shipping  ~—
Garment-manufacturing	
Metal trades  	
Pulp and paper manufacturing  	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc...
Builders' materials —	
House furnishings.
Explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals  	
Breweries, distilleries, and aerated-water manufacturers .
Construction - - 1 	
Smelting and concentrating	
Wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.)..
Lumber industries	
Oil refining and distributing..
Paint-manufacturnig	
Metal-mining  	
Coal-mining  	
Number
Employed
- 2,070
469
- 13,657
896
218
8,029
3,424
- 2,980
- 7,843
449
14,778
4,307
7,149
2,939
1,502
1,672
1,441
30.651
3,515
5,067
. 48,180
2,099
226
6,682
2,436
Per Cent
Less than $19
7.10
6.82
5.18
5.13
5.05
4.67
3.91
3.49
3.16
3.12
3.09
3.09
2.77
2.55
2.46
1.97
1.94
1.75
1.48
1.48
1.24
1.10
0.88
0.76
0.16 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 11
AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS BY INDUSTRIES
In twenty-two of the twenty-five industrial classifications included in the 1950
survey, the average weekly earnings for male wage-earners increased substantially from
comparative figures recorded for the previous year.
The weighted average figures representing the average individual earnings for male
wage-earners during one week of peak employment in each industry are shown in the
following table for the years 1943 to 1950:—
Average Weekly Earnings in Each Industry (Male Wage-earners)
Industry
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
Breweries,    distilleries,    and    aerated-
water manufacturers  _	
Builders' materials   	
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing1—
Coal-mining 	
Coast shipping 	
Construction  _
$33.46    | $34.72
31.61    |    33.17
$33.73
34.12
Explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals ..
Food-products manufacturing . 	
Garment-manufacturing  _	
House furnishings 	
Jewellery manufacturing and repair	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing ...	
Leather- and fur-goods manufacturing .
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining
Miscellaneous trades and industries 	
Oil refining &nd distributing  _.	
Paint-manufacturing   — 	
Printing and publishing 	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building and boat-building 	
Smelting and concentrating 	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc.  .— 	
Wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.)	
39.00
33.97
39.60
37.54
32.66
32.03
28.13
41.14
30.39
30.18
37.09
36.37
35.82
34.92
35.52
30.71
38.39
36.41
40.08
38.47
35.01
33.34
42.38
35.86
38.47
36.50
35.06
34.42
31.28
44.64
33.05
32.47
41.28
39.07
39.40
37.21
37.99
33.42
39.47
37.71
40.36
36.74
37.29
34.75
42.11
36.54
37.50
40.43
35.62
36.11
31.39
41.38
31.34
31.63
41.24
38.41
39.99 '
35.31
38.71
33.42
41.63
37.88
39.96
41.19
37.21
34.70
$37.09
37.02
43.53
37.27
39.17
38.87
38.00
36.50
33.27
43.00
33.06
34.72
43.20
37.83
42.31
35.23
39.05
33.31
42.12
43.43
40.28
38.70
39.45
37.88
$41.25
40.50
39.55
45.54
38.84
43.08
44.30
40.09
37.03
35.02
40.90
33.51
32.77
47.28
39.90
47.98
37.41
43.80
35.56
43.70
48.10
47.10
45.55
45.04
39.32
$42.67
44.99
43.50
54.40
40.52
48.23
48.78
44.75
41.40
39.07
45.04
36.50
36.87
49.92
43.65
51.72
40.84
50.38
36.13
47.80
51.25
48.79
52.13
47.67
44.27
$44.67
48.11
46.41
52.68
44.21
50.97
49.33
46.47
43.03
42.41
43.93
41.36
38.75
51.40
45.63
53.51
42.22
53.90
37.21
50.74
54.10
53.37
51.73
51.15
44.07
$46.86
50.90
49.52
54.22
46.43
53.57
51.72
47.17
44.51
41.93
45.71
42.70
40.21
55.49
47.94
56.25
43.95
57.47
43.17
53.18
56.34
52.68
54.29
50.83
48.82
i Previous yearly figures for cartage, trucking, and warehousing included with miscellaneous trades and industries.
The increases and decreases in the average weekly earnings for male wage-earners
are as follows:—
Increase
Breweries, distilleries, and aerated-water
manufacturers  	
Builders' materials    	
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing —	
Coal-mining   	
Coast shipping -	
Construction
■ Explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals .
Food-products manufacturing _	
Garment-manufacturing 	
Jewellery manufacturing and repair —
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing  —
Leather- and fur-goods manufacturing..... $1.46
$2.19               Lumber industries      4.09
2.79               Metal trades  .._ ,  2.31
3.11                Metal-mining    2.74
1.54               Miscellaneous trades and industries  1.73
2.22               Oil refining and distributing  3.57
2.60               Paint-manufacturing   _  5.96
2.39               Printing and publishing..  2.44
0.70               Pulp and paper manufacturing   2.24
1.48               Smelting and concentrating .....  1.56
1.78                Wood-manufacturing   (N.E.S.)      4.75
1.34
Decrease
House furnishings
$0.48
Ship-building and boat-building _   0.69
Street-railways, gas,
phones, etc. 	
water, power, tele-
$0.32
CLERICAL WORKERS' AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS
Substantial increases in the weekly earnings of clerical workers were, with minor
exceptions, generally apparent throughout the industries covered by the survey. Included
in this section are clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, and it is evident that the greater
earning-power of the latter occupation is largely responsible for the relatively higher
averages noted in many industries normally employing large numbers of skilled sales
personnel. H 12
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
The average figure representing weekly earnings for male employees in the clerical
group in all industries increased from $50.55 previously reported to a new high of $52.87
for 1950, while for all female workers in clerical occupations covered by the survey the
average climbed to $33.55, from a weekly figure of $31.85 recorded in 1949.
Representative average weekly earnings for clerks, stenographers, and sales-workers
(male and female) in the various industries are shown in the following table for the
comparative years 1949 and 1950:—
Industry
1949
1950
Males
Females
Males
Females
$50.46
49.27
42.79
51.81
49.15
50.68
56.65
48.64
45.35
49.83
0)
47.44
46.15
55.80
45.94
59.15
44.48
53.85
47.83
47.29
58.86
53.26
60.70
51.23
55.58
$34.52
30.67
25.89
27.63
34.67
31.56
31.22
30.95
32.66
31.32
25.88
27.64
29.35
34.37
29.61
34.18
31.09
38.09
32.46
30.12
35.72
32.31
35.49
34.03
36.02
$54.69
53.18
45.95
52.74
50.61
53.03
59.03
48.25
47.04
49.56
37.55
47.91
49.43
57.43
47.61
61.21
48.25
57.65
49.21
49.96
59.76
55.84
63.06
56.52
57.37
$34.53
32.93
Coal-mining	
27 83
35 70
Construction   _	
32.02
31 81
31 38
Jewellery manufacturing and repair    	
28.05
28 72
31 61
3594
31 86
Metal-mining.        _.	
37.84
32 39
40 72
33 98
32 43
Pulp and paper manufacturing-         '	
38.01
33 88
37 02
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc	
35.46
37 96
$50.55
$31.85
$52.87      |
$33 55
Incomplete returns.
INDUSTRIAL WAGE
The upward spiral of prices and living costs continued to bring further wage
increases in most industries during 1950.
Representing the highest level of wages yet attained for workers in all industrial
occupations in this Province, the average weekly earnings of male wage-earners was
computed at $51.88 in 1950, $2.67 above the previous high of $49.21 recorded for the
previous year.
Average industrial weekly earnings from 1918 to 1950 are as follows:—
1918..
1919..
1920.
1921-
1922..
1923..
1924
1925.
1926.
1927-
1928.
1929..
1930..
1931-
1932...
1933..
1934-
;27.97
1935	
29.11
1936-    	
31.51
1937— 	
27.62
1938. 	
27.29
1939 -	
28.05
1940	
28.39
1941	
27.82
1942	
27.99
1943	
28.29
1944 ...	
28.96
1945 	
29.20
1946-               	
28.64
1947	
26.17
1948-   .
23.62
1949	
22.30
1950	
23.57
$24.09
26.36
26.64
26.70
26.80
28.11
30.67
35.24
37.19
38.70
38.50
39.87
43.49
47.30
49.21
51.88 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 13
The chart following shows the trend of average weekly earnings for male wage-
earners, based on the preceding average figures from 1918 to 1950:—
AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS OF MALE WAGE-EARNERS
1918 - 1950
AVERAGE
WEEKLV
EARNINGS
YEAR
■1918
1919
1920
1921
1923
1924
1925
I926f
I9271
B28
1929
1930
1931
1932
933 1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
1943
1944
1945
1946
1947
1946
I9A9 1950
5 1 OO
50.00
4 9 00
4800
47 00
46.00
4500
4400
43 00
42 00
41 00
40.00
39 00
38 00
37 00
36 00
35 00
34 00
33.00
32 00
31  00
30 00
29 00
28 00
27 00
26 00
25 00
2 4 00
23 00
22 00
/
'
/
/
/
/
'
/
/
/
'
/
/
/""
_y
/
/
/
/
\
|
/
I
A
l
A
1
/
\
1
/
f
\
^.yc
c
\
1
.—•
<*
\
V
/
/
\
\
/
\
/
N
V
(1950 figure—$51.88.) H 14
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Percentage
Weekly
of
Wages
Employees
Under $15	
.    2.03
$15 to 20	
     1.45
20 to 25	
     3.22
25 to 30	
     7.43
30 to 35	
  17.52
35 to 40...	
  22.43
40 to 45	
  19.53
45 to 50	
   10.69
50 to 55	
    7.52
55 to 60	
      2.94
60 to 65	
     1.77
65 to 70...	
    0.94
70 and over
....   2.53
Under $15
    2.34
$15 to 20.    -
     1.60
20 to 25	
    2.52
25 to 30	
    4.53
30 to 35	
     10.32
35 to 40	
     17.94
40 to 45	
19.05
45 to 50	
     13.78
50 to 55 _
11.56
55 to 60	
..   .   5.98
60 to 65	
..  .   .      3.63
65 to 70	
1.92
70 and over
      .   4.83
Under $15
     1.97
$15 to 20	
     1.20
20 to 25	
_.   ..        1.93
25 to 30	
.   ... —    2.70
30 to 35-	
    5.61
35 to 40	
  10.94
40 to 45	
...      18.89
45 to 50.   	
  16.62
50 to 55	
         14.03
55 to 60	
    9.33
60 to 65 .. -
6.74
65 to 70	
  ....   3.40
70 and over	
    6.64
Under $15	
     1.59
$15 to 20— -
     1.03
20 to 25	
     1.69
25 to 30	
    2.58
30 to-35	
 -   4.43
35 to 40.	
         7.68
40 to 45-	
  16.24
45 to 50  .    ...
  19.48
50 to 55	
...   13.25
55 to 60
  10.04
60 to 65
..     —   9.03
65 to 70..	
      4.78
70 and over.  .
     8.18
Under $15     1.64
$15 to 20    0.92
20 to 25 :     1.65
25 to 30    2.00
30 to 35    3.96
35 to 40      5.85
40 to 45    10.57
45 to 50..   14.36
50 to 55  17.98
55 to 60   11.87
60 to 65     8.88
65 to 70...     7.43
70 and over.. „  12.89
—                   —                  ro                  ro                  oj
UI                       O                       Ui                       O                       Oi                       o
^                  ^                   M                  ^tt                   ^                   i\°
U                    1 !                      !
^
5_l
551
11 i 11111,11,111 h~hi 111 ■ ■ -M-i—iH—
r
■
Tr     ~~~~~                          "
11                                      I
■*
i
*—*
■m     ' 1                     1-
"P"
I              T   T^
w^                                                 +
•^
rz..r
_______
■r
■
aw
■ ■■
s;;;„Br           ~   ' ~
-
■f*
J[F
2
^""
The above bar diagrams show the relative percentages of male wage-earners in the
various wage classifications from 1946 to 1950. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 15
FIRMS WITH LARGE PAYROLLS
Industrial firms within the Province reporting payrolls in excess of $100,000
increased in number during the year 1950. The annual record of an increase or decrease
in the number of large payrolls reported in the various classifications continues to serve
as a fair indication of the concentration of labour force in certain industries, in comparison with an equitable distribution in others.
The survey of large payrolls is restricted to an industrial coverage, and does not
include public authorities (Dominion, Provincial, or municipal), wholesale and retail
firms, transcontinental railways, and vessels engaged in deep-sea transportation.
Firms with payrolls in excess of $100,000 numbered 793 for 1950, an increase of
80 over the previous year's total of 713.
As in previous years, the lumber industry continued to lead with the greatest
number of large firms, showing a total of 217 for the year under review, an increase of
39 over the previous year. The construction industry recorded a total of 107 firms in
the higher payroll bracket, an increase of 9, followed by the metal trades with 84,
increased by 3; food-products manufacturing 78, up 5; miscellaneous trades and
industries, 50, an increase of 6; coast shipping, 33, up 2; wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.),
27, an increase of 4; metal-mining, 23, unchanged; printing and publishing, 22, an
increase of 2; public utilities, 20, up 1; builders' materials, 19, increased by 2; shipbuilding and boat-building, 17, increased by 2; laundries, cleaning and dyeing, 13,
unchanged from the previous year; cartage, trucking, and warehousing, 12, an increase
of 4; breweries, distilleries, and aerated-water manufacturers, 11, an increase of 2;
oil refining and distribution, 11, a decrease of 2; pulp and paper manufacturing, 9,
increased by 1; coal-mining, 8, a decrease of 1; garment-manufacturing, 8, unchanged;
house furnishings, 7, up 1; explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals, 6, increased by 1;
leather and fur goods, 5, a decrease of 1; smelting and concentrating, 3, unchanged;
paint-manufacturing, 2, and jewellery-manufacturing, 1, both unchanged from the previous year.
Some 58 of the 793 firms reporting in the higher payroll brackets were recorded
as having payrolls exceeding $1,000,000, nine of this group being in excess of
$5,000,000, two between $4,000,000 and $5,000,000, four between $3,000,000 and
$4,000,000, nine between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000, and thirty-four between
$1,000,000 and $2,000,000.
EMPLOYMENT
Recovering somewhat from the slight recession noted in 1949, the over-all peak
level of employment rose in 1950, to top the previous year and further exceed the record
high mark established in 1948. Although decreased totals were noted in many industries,
the volume of increased employment reported in those industries normally employing
the greatest number of workers, such as the lumber industries and metal trades, was
sufficient to advance the 1950 level beyond the highest mark set in previous years.
The maximum and minimum variation in the total employment reported for 1950
is shown by industry in the following table, together with comparative data for the
previous year. Subsequent charts which follow the table show the respective trends of
employment reported in the clerical section, wage-earner group, and total employment
summary for 1950 and past years. H 16
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table Showing the Amount or Variation of Employment in Each Industry
in the Last Two Years1
1949
1950
Industry
2  i.
,2.3 E 8
■o
si
3 E
Zm
2    i,
C«ttS
|«fl
El
Zw
I   1
G vi O. T-
fi£E§
w >,
•d.2
Is
Zw
5SSp
ShJWE
•a
Jc?
Eg.
Zw
Breweries,  distilleries,   and  aerated-
July	
Aug.
Sept.
Dec.
June	
Aug	
May
Sept,
Apr.
Nov.
Nov.  ..
July
Oct
Oct.
July
Aug.
Aug.
Nov.
May
Oct
Jan..  .  .
May
Nov.
July
June.
Aug	
1,935
2,787
2,902
2,396
7,862
26,854
2,168
21,568
1,970
2,034
445
3,404
916
35,814
15,275
6,429
10,876
2,369
411
3,808
4,935
3,061
4,366
10,746
5,751
176,305
Mar.
Feb.
Jan.
July
Mar.
Feb.
Dec	
Feb	
July
May-
Mar.
Feb
Feb.
Jan. 	
Feb.
Apr	
Feb	
Apr	
Dec.
Mar.
1,535
2,463
2,530
2,226
6,747
19,375
1,551
11,051
1,459
1,820
360
2,914
786
24,361
14,585
5,902
7,933
1,966
357
3,518
4,069
2,422
4,069
9,984
5,389
142,652
Sept.
Sept. and
Oct.
Jan.
Aug..
Aug.
Oct.
Sept	
Mar.
Oct.
Dec	
July
May
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Sept.
Nov.
June
Nov.
July
Apr.
July
July
Oct.
Sept.
2,013
3,225
3,249
2,462
8,027
25,683
2,061
20,988
1,847
2,060
432
3,359
875
44,745
17,208
6,840
10,453
2,772
436
3,760
4,859
2,837
4,334
12,053
5,805
188,058
Feb.
Jan.
Jan	
Sept.
Feb	
Jan.
Jan	
Jan	
July	
June.
Apr	
Feb	
Feb	
Jan.
Jan	
Apr	
Jan.	
Apr.     -
Jan	
Jan	
Jan.
Jan.
Mar.
Jan.-
Jan.
Jan.
1,466
2,276
2,622
2,042
6,987
16,707
1,896
11 211
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing	
Explosives, fertilizers, and chemicals.—
1,558
1,701
366
2,964
782
23,139
14,386
6,128
8,000
2,412
376
Jewellery manufacturing and repair	
Leather- and fur-goods manufacturing-
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil refining and distributing	
3,661
4,374
2,238
4,167
11,372
5,027
139,402
Dec	
Feb	
Feb.
Aug.
Feb	
Smelting and concentrating 	
Street-railways,   gas,   water,   power,
Wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.)	
All industries  	
1 Industrial employment totals include clerical and sales staffs in addition to wage-earners, and are based on the
number of employees reported on the payrolls on the last day of each month or nearest working-date. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 17
Employment of Clerical Workers in Industry, 1949 and 1950*
22,500
22 000
.	
(1950)
21,500
21,000
20,500
(1949)
20,000
19,500
19,000
18,500
18,000
17,500
17,000
1,500
1,000
0
<
3
<
* Employment as at the last day of each month.   Figures include clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc., but not
salaried officials, executives, or managerial staff.
January  .
February
March	
April	
20,789
20,839
20,996
21,103
Clerical Workers, 1950
(Male and Female)
May	
June 	
July
August.
21,552
21,863
22,126
22,393
September
October 	
November
December
22,125
22,134
22,129
22,006 H 18
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
AVERAGE  MONTHLY   NUMBER  o' WAGE-EARNERS    (Male and Female)
1929-31-32-39-41-43-4-5-49-50
JAN.     FEB.    MAR.    APR.    MAY   JUNE   JULY     AUG.   SEPT.   OCT.     NOV    DEC.
165.000
16 0.000
155,000
15 0,00 0
145,000
140,000
135,000
13 0,000
125. OOO
120,000
I 15,OOO
I 1 0,00 0
105,000
100,000
95.OOO
90,000
85,000
80,000
75,000
70,00 0
65,000
60,000
55,000
50,000
45,0 00
40,000
/
X
/
,'
/
/—
/
-*-
-REFERENCE-
n:
mpIoyment   in —
929 shown  thus
931
932
939
94-1
943
9^5
949
950
V
1950
1943
1923
/939
1950
January  .
February
March —
April	
118,613
127,837
136,562
141,518
May	
June —
July —
August
150,761
156,312
163,280
165,602
September
October —
November
December
165,933
162,472
.155,223
142,424 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
Total Employment in Industry, 1949 and 1950*
H 19
190,000
180,000
175,000
170,000
165,000
(1950)
160,000
155,000
150,000
145,000
140,000
135,000
(I949)\
130,000
125,000
VV
•    v^
10,000
5,000
£
c^
U
it,
u
a
2
u
<
a
3
3
d
3
<
c
s
Kl
O
>
o
Z
d
Q
staff.
* Employment as at the last day of each month.    Figures do not include salaried officials, executives, or managerial
January     139,402
February  148,676
March   157,558
April    162,621
Employment, 1950
(Male and Female)
May
June
July
172,313
178,175
185,406
August   187,995
September  _ 188,058
October   184,606
November     177,352
December    _  164,430 H 20
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Monthly Variation in the Number of Wage-earners, Clerical Workers,
and Total Employment in Industry, 1950*
Number
Employed
190,000
180,000
170,000
160,000
150,000
140,000
130,000
120,000
110,000
100,000
95,000
90,000
85,000
80,000
75,000
70,000
65,000
60,000
55,000
50,000
45,000
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
Total Employment —
Wage farners
, Cleric
al Wo
-kers
3
o
Z
staff.
• Employment as at the last day of each month.   Figures do not include salaried officials, executives, or managerial REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 21
CONTENTS OF TABLES
With regard to the tables immediately following, the general
headings of such tables are given hereunder and the trades
included under each heading:—■
No. 1. Breweries, Distilleries, and Aerated-water Manufacturers.—Also is inclusive of wineries, and comprises firms in or
incidental to the manufacture, bottling, and distribution of
malt liquors, spirits, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages, and
carbonated water.
No. 2. Builders' Material, Producers of.-—Includes manufacturers of brick, cut stone, Portland cement, lime, tiles, and
firebrick; also stone-quarries and dealers in sand, gravel, and
crushed rock.
No. 3. Cartage, Trucking, and Warehousing.—Comprises
firms engaged in the business of freight and baggage hauling,
moving,  storage, packing,  shipping,  and transfer services.
No. 4. Coal-mining.—This group contains also the operation
of coke-ovens and coal-shipping docks.
No. 5. Coast Shipping.—Includes the operation of passenger
and freight steamships, stevedoring, tug-boats (both general
and towing logs), and river navigation, but does not include
the operation of vessels in the offshore trade.
No. 6. Construction.—Here are grouped building trades,
painting and paper-hanging, plumbing and heating, and sheet-
metal works; also contractors for industrial plants, structural-
steel fabricating, railway-fencing, sewers, pipes and valves.
dredging, pile-driving, wharves, bridges, roofing, and automatic
sprinklers. Firms making returns as building contractors,
constructors of dry-kilns, refuse-burners, mills, brick-furnaces.
electrical contractors, hardwood- and sanitary-floor layers, and
bricklayers.
No. 7. Explosives, Fertilizers, and Chemicals.—Includes all
firms engaged in the manufacture of these commodities.
Mo. 8. Food Products, Manufacturing of.—This table includes bakeries, biscuit-manufacturers, cereal-milling, creameries and dairies; fish, fruit, and vegetable canneries; packinghouses, curers of ham and bacon, blending of teas; also manufacturers of candy, macaroni, syrup, jams, pickles, sauces.
coffee, catsup, and spices.
No. 9. Garment-making.—Includes tailoring, the manufacture of buttons, pleating, embroidery, etc., jute and cotton
goods, shirts, overalls, knitted goods, millinery and ladies'
outfitting.
No. 10. House Furnishings.—Comprises firms engaged in
the manufacture of furniture, beds and bedding, springs and
mattresses, upholstering, and carpet and linoleum laying.
No. 11. Jewellery Manufacturing and Repair.—Includes the
repair, as well as the manufacturing of jewellery, watches, and
optical instruments  (where same is carried on in a factory).
No. 12. Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing.—Includes these
industries only.
No. 13. Leather and Fur Goods, Manufacturing of.—Comprises manufacturers of boots, shoes, gloves, harness, trunks,
and leather Indian novelties; also furriers and hide and wool
dealers.
No. 14. Lumber Industries.—In this group are included
logging, logging-railways, planing-mills, sawmills, shingle-mills,
and lumber-dealers.
No. 15. Metal Trades.—This group includes marine black-
smithing, oxy-acetylene welding, boiler-making, iron and brass
foundries, garages, vulcanizing, machine and pattern shops,
galvanizing and electroplating; also manufacturers of handsaws,
nuts and bolts, pumps, marine engines, mill machinery, and
repairs to same.
No. le.   Metal-mining.—Includes   all  metalliferous   mining.
No. 17. Miscellaneous Trades and Industries.—Here are
grouped returns from trades which are not numerous enough to
warrant special categories, and others for which separate tables
are not at present maintained. They include manufacturers of
soap, paper boxes, bags, and container^, brooms and brushes,
tents, awnings, and other canvas goods, aircraft and aircraft
parts, motor and aerial transportation, ice and cold storage.
No. 18. Oil Refining and Distributing.—Includes also the
manufacture of fish-oil.
No. 19. Paint-manufacturing.—Includes also white-lead cor-
roders and varnish-manufacturers.
No. 20. Printing and Publishing.—This table includes the
printing and publishing of newspapers, job-printing, paper-
ruling, bookbinding, engraving and embossing, blue-printing,
lithographing, draughting and map-publishing, and the manufacture nf rubber and me^l stamps.
No. 21. Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.—Comprises only
firms engaged in that industry.
No. 22. Ship-building and Boat-building.—Comprises both
wooden- and steel-ship building and repairing, also construction
and repair of small craft and salvage.
No. 23. Smelting and Concentrating.—Comprises only firms
engaged in these industries.
No. 24. Street-railways, Gas, Water, Light, Power, Telephones, etc.—This group comprises generating and distribution
of light and power, manufacture of domestic and industrial
gases, operation of street-railways, waterworks, and telephones.
No. 25. Wood, Manufacture of (not elsewhere specified).—
Here are grouped manufacturers of sash and doors, interior
finish, water-proof plywood, veneer, store and office fittings,
barrels, boxes, ships' knees, ready-cut buildings, wooden pipes
and tanks, wooden pulleys, wooden toys, caskets, coffins, and
undertakers' supplies.
Table No. 1
BREWERIES, DISTILLERIES, AND
AERATED-WATER MANUFACTURERS
Returns Covering 40 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers—
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc	
Wage-earners   (including piece-workers).
Total 	
$491,564
612,602
3,405,790
. $4,509,956
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
1,057
1,030
1,049
1,139
1,188
1,311
1,353
1,345
1,230
1,177
1,251
1,227
270
220
204
227
226
248
348
332
328
460
531
277
154
159
172
169
173
177
190
184
170
160
166
173
57
57
56
59
61
65
69
68
66
64
65
63
February 	
April-  -	
June_ 	
July	
September	
October 	
November	
December	
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00	
3
1
1
3
1
1
4
5
3
1
2
3
4
5
4
27
1
3
29
11
2
20
3
31
57
215
407
398
119
28
22
27
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
5
4
_
1
19
1
4
199
233
94
28
5
j
_
4
3
8
23
30
22
23
19
14
34
$6.00 to $6.99.   . . .
7.00 to   7.99.
"
8.00 to   8.99..
9.00 to   9.99	
	
10.00 to 10.99 ....
1
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99	
13.00 to 13.99	
14.00 to 14.99.
15.00 to 15.99 . .
16.00 to 16.99.	
17.00 to 17.99....	
18.00 to 18.99	
I
19.00 to 19.99.     ....
20.00 to 20.99	
21.00 to 21.99..	
22.00 to 22.99 	
23.00 to 23.99.. .   .
24.00 to 24.99	
25.00 to 25.99	
3
26.00 to 26.99	
27.00 to 27.99	
28.00 to 28.99.	
1
29.00 to 29.99	
3
30.00 to 34.99	
23
35.00 to 39.99	
20
40.00 to 44.99 	
4
45.00 to 49.99	
3
50.00 to 54.99	
55.00 to 59.99    .
2
60.00 to 64.99    .
65.00 to 69.99	
1
70 00 and over
1 H 22
Table No. 2
BUILDERS' MATERIAL—PRODUCERS OF
Returns Covering 132 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers      $829,148
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc..„     1,119,095
Wage-earners   (including  piece-workers)     5,916,787
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table No. 3
Total
$7,865,030
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January	
1,887
8
244
137
February 	
2,121
11
245
138
March - 	
2,272
8
246
141
2,277
8
249
142
May  	
2,435
9
251
147
June 	
2,490
9
252
147
July   	
2,524
9
251
148
August - 	
2,668
10
248
148
September 	
2,822
7
250
146
October 	
2,791
7
253
142
November 	
2,651
6
256
143
December 	
2,477
6
257
142
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00	
14
7
2
11
5
2
5
4
5
6
3
4
5
2
1
5
5
6
2
8
15
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
2
17
17
24
13
40
25
21
21
43
1
1
1
4
1
1
4
4
8
6
9
16
3
49
22
16
3
6
1
Under $6.00
$6.00 to $6.99	
27
12
14
5
5
14
5
6
9
6
10
9
3
9
6
17
7
6
13
14
20
20
6
14
16
98
256
430
462
690
578
280
116
241
2
1
1
1
1
5
2
3
6
1
4
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
4
1
1
1
2
1
3
$6.00 to $6 99
1
7.00 to   7.99
7.00 to   7.99	
1
8.00 to   8.99
9.00 to   9.99	
8.00 to   8.99
9.00 to   9.99
10.00 to 10.99	
1
1
10.00 to 10.99
11.00 to 11.99
2
11.00 to 11.99
12.00 to 12.99
13.00 to 13.99	
4
12.00 to 12.99
13.00 to 13.99
3
2
14.00 to 14.99
14.00 to 14.99
15.00 to 15.99 	
15 00 to 15 99
16.00 to 16.99	
17.00 to 17.99	
17.00 to 17.99
18.00 to 18.99	
1
18 00 to 18 99
4
19 00 to 19 99
19.00 to 19.99	
2
20.00 to 20.99 -
20.00 to 20.99
21.00 to 21.99   . ....
6
21 00 to 21 99
3
22.00 to 22.99     . ...
22.00 to 22.99
23.00 to 23.99   	
2
23 00 to 23 99
8
24 00 to 24 99
24.00 to 24.99	
2
25.00 to 25.99    	
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99
27.00 to 27.99
28.00 to 28.99
6
26.00 to 26.99	
8     I
2
27.00 to 27.99	
2
12
9
56
149
489
577
460
361
273
174
252
3
1
2
12
28.00 to 28.99	
16
29 00 to 29 99
29.00 to 29.99    	
3
30 00 to 34 99
30.00 to 34.99	
20     I         40
35 00 to 39 99
35.00 to 39.99 	
13
26
29
28
31
15
5
6
25
40 00 to 44 99
40.00 to 44.99
6
45 00 to 49 99
45.00 to 49.99. 	
2
50 00 to 54 99
50.00 to 54.99	
4
55 00 to 59 99
55.00 to 59.99 ...	
60 00 to 64 99
60.00 to 64.99	
65 00 to 69 99
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over	
70.00 and over	
	
CARTAGE, TRUCKING, AND
WAREHOUSING
Returns Covering 502 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers     $813,922
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.       619,745
Wage-earners   (including  piece-workers)     6,207,888
Total      $7,641,555
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
January	
2,283
9
189
141
February    .
2,355
8
189
140
March	
2,386
8
189
139
April	
2,446
10
190
140
May	
2,568
10
188
139
2,645
13
185
143
July...	
2,693
25
187
148
2,737
18
190
150
September	
2,884
21
192
152
October 	
2,882
21
190
156
November _	
2,795
10
193
151
December	
2,649
13
193
146
Classified Weekly Earnings REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 23
Table No. 4
COAL-MINING
Returns Covering 24 Firms
Table No. 5
COAST SHIPPING
Returns Covering 130 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 195<
Officers, superintendents, and managers	
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc 	
)
$366,134
120,005
5,341,813
5.827.95?
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers     $1,395,925
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc       1,292,412
Wage-earners   (including piece-workers).     17.642.699
<t
Totals
     $2
0,331,036
Employment
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
January	
February	
March 	
April 	
May  	
2,403
2,385
2,298
2,184
2,146
2,135
2,100
2,015
1,982
1,995
2,013
2,017
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
43
43
43
43
43
43
44
45
45
44
44
44
15
15
15
15
16
16
16
15
14
14
14
14
January _.
February 	
March  	
April 	
May	
June  	
July	
August	
September	
October— ■
November	
December	
6,565
6,409
6,565
6,679
6,918
7,145
7,276
7,350
6,993
6,788
6,970
7.066
76
77
73
85
96
109
124
128
101
81
81
80
348
355
364
363
364
367
146
146
151
150
160
163
July	
373    I      167
August 	
September	
October	
November	
380    1      169
373    1      173
367    I      166
362    I      169
360    I      186
1
Classified Weekly Earnings
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
3
1
1
4
5
4
1
2
38
24
89
201
1,200
471
157
83
152
1
1
1
1
2
4
6
6
2
5
8
2
1
1
5
1
1
2
4
Under $6.00 	
20
10
22
10
27
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
21
18
41
66
52
38
16
9
45
$6.00 to $6 99
$6.00 to $6.99	
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99	
8.00 to   8.99	
9 00 to   9 99
10 00 to 10 99
10.00 to 10.99 . ..
12
20
10
6
12
75
7
2
15
9
11 00 to 11 99
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12 99
12.00 to 12.99   .     ..
2
13 00 to 13 99
13.00 to 13.99...	
14.00 to 14.99	
14.00 to 14.99	
15.00 to 15.99...   ..
3
16.00 to 16.99	
16.00 to 16.99
17.00 to 17.99  ,' 	
18 00 to 18 99
18.00 to 18.99	
19 00 to 19 99
19.00 to 19.99	
2
20.00 to 20.99
20.00 to 20.99
21.00 to 21.99
22.00 to 22.99
23.00 to 23.99	
26    1          4
4    1         2
12    1
14     1
21.00 to 21.99
22.00 to 22.99	
	
23.00 to 23.99
4
24.00 to 24.99	
29
15
21
30
40
36
1,343
1,247
947
534
622
1,381
306
248
731
2
3
1
42
57
8
2
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99
25.00 to 25.99 	
3
26.00 to 26.99	
2
27.00 to 27.99	
3
28 00 to 28 99
28.00 to 28.99	
4
29.00 to 29.99	
1
30.00 to 34.99 	
30.00 to 34.99   	
55
35.00 to 39.99	
36
40.00 to 44.99	
29
45.00 to 49.99	
45.00 to 49.99 ...
50.00 to 54.99	
8
6
55.00 to 59.99 ..   ~.~
55.00 to 59.99	
60.00 to 64.99	
2
65.00 to 69.99	
1
70.00 and over... 	
70.00 and over  . H 24
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table No. 6
CONSTRUCTION
Returns Covering 2,220 Firms
Table No. 7
EXPLOSIVES, FERTILIZERS, AND
CHEMICALS
Returns Covering 36 Firms
Salary an
Officers, superintend
d Wage
ents, and
s, salesme
ding piect
'aymen
managers
ts, 195(
   $
>
5,923,950
5,333,725
3,368,093
Salary and Wage
Officers, superintendents, and
Clerks, stenographers, salesme
Wage-earners (including piece-
Payments, 195(
»
$388,849
1,294,920
4,329,468
Clerks, stenographer
Wage-earners   (inclu
i, etc	
-workers
~~~   5
i, etc	
workers).
  $
Total .
  $64,625,768
Total  	
6,013,237
Employment
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
January	
February —
14,493
16,932
18,600
20,135
22,189
22,871
23,144
23,247
22,359
22,038
20,382
17,389
100
105
104
94
143
167
177
155
127
128
119
109
1,371
1,395
1,426
1,401
1,488
1,510
1,501
1,511
1,493
1,481
1,474
1,454
743
747
751
743
759
770
780
770
777
774
789
771
January     	
1,429
1,495
1,562
1,529
1,575
1,537
1,558
1,502
1,524
1,560
1,497
1,455
34
41
37
39
37
37
44
33
38
40
38
38
338
333
339
338
341
346
350
351
357
354
353
357
95
98
97
April	
May	
June  -	
July 	
August	
September	
October  	
November 	
April	
May	
June - 	
July 	
97
98
99
99
August —
September 	
October    	
November	
100
104
107
104
104
Classil
ied Weekly Ean
lings
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00...    .
54
40
27
35
35
25
23
45
31
36
36
59
37
54
36
119
71
64
87
151
121
120
64
133
87
845
1,658
3,575
5,117
3,430
2,521
3,164
4,344
4,407
19
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
2
5
4
2
5
1
3
5
16
8
18
32
11
2
1
2
25
9
16
6
7
2
6
2
11
7
2
1
"6
6
2
2
1
2
3
3
2
5
2
2
8
5
21
2
3
8
5
67
89
132
195
200
174
118
105
333
12
8
1
1
3
5
1
7
5
3
10
3
10
11
3
18
7
12
20
21
39
16
36
19
21
204
136
76
36
18
7
2
2
2
Under $6.00 ...   	
$6.00 to $6.99	
5
1
1
1
3
6
3
1
2
2
2
2
4
2
5
4
2
3
2
11
2
8
10
4
56
88
169
257
309
313
174
109
111
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
6
T
2
4
3
1
2
4
3
3
4
"8
I
T
l
2
1
1
1
7
14
22
25
41
48
23
38
123
$6.00 to $6.99
7.00 to   7.99
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99.
9.00 to   9.99	
10.00 to 10.99
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99
10.00 to 10.99	
1
2
1
11.00 to 11.99
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99
12.00 to 12.99	
13.00 to 13.99
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99...     -..
14.00 to 14.99	
15.00 to 15.99	
16.00 to 16.99
15.00 to 15.99	
16 00 to 16 99
17.00 to 17.99
17.00 to 17.99	
18.00 to 18.99   	
1
18 00 to 18 99
19.00 to 19.99   .   	
20.00 to 20.99 	
20.00 to 20.99	
21.00 to 21.99	
1
21 00 to 21 99
2
22.00 to 22.99 . .
22.00 to 22.99
23.00 to 23.99.    .
23 00 to 23 99
1
24.00 to 24.99   	
24.00 to 24.99
25.00 to 25.99	
3
7
26.00 to 26.99
2
27.00 to 27.99	
4
28 00 to 28 99
28.00 to 28.99	
12
?9 00 tn 79 99
2
30 00 to 34 99
30 OO to 14 99
46
35.00 to 39.99
19
40.00 to 44.99     	
7
45 00 to 49 99
45.00 to 49.99   ..
50.00 to 54.99.
2
55.00 to 59.99
1
60.00 to 64.99	
65.00 to 69.99	
fin no tr. fi4 99
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over
70 00 and over.. 	 Table No. 8
FOOD PRODUCTS—MANUFACTURE OF
Returns Covering 666 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
Table No. 9
H 25
Officers, superintendents, and managers..
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.
Wage-earners  (including piece-workers)	
Total.
$3,945,938
4,348,443
.   27,641,538
$35,935,919
Employment
Month
January	
February-
March	
April..	
May.-.	
June	
July-
August 	
September-
October	
November-
December...
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
7,253
7,929
7,974
8,583
9,208
9,950
10,902
10,902
11,082
10,245
8,897
7,971
2,176
1,001
2,916
1,000
2,508
1,004
2,591
1,016
2,938
1,031
4,361
1,050
6,577
1,051
6,824
1,055
8,019
1,045
6,812
1,025
4,959
1,015
2,866
1,017
781
776
792
776
802
816
828
835
842
829
814
803
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Males
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to $6.99	
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99	
10.00 to 10.99	
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99	
13.00 to 13.99	
14.00 to 14.99	
15.00 to 15.99	
16.00 to 16.99	
17.00 to 17.99	
18.00 to 18.99	
19.00 to 19.99	
20.00 to 20.99	
21.00 to 21.99	
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
24.00 to 24.99	
25.00 to 25.99	
26.00 to 26.99	
27.00 to 27.99	
28.00 to 28.99	
29.00 to 29.99	
30.00 to 34.99	
35.00 to 39.99	
40.00 to 44.99	
45.00 to 49.99	
50.00 to 54.99	
55.00 to 59.99	
60.00 to 64.99 _	
65.00 to 69.99 _	
70.00 and over	
131
83
39
37
43
56
41
42
32
38
40
38
39
48
29
61
31
53*
52
52
79
54
57
53
75
708
1,353
2,543
2,299
1,685
1,150
759
505
1,352
Females
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
303
141
76
107
90
83
123
124
115
139
135
139
168
205
193
306
194
389
215
346
364
400
372
324
495
1,957
1,524
908
443
273
136
86
53
68
1
2
3
1
1
1
3
2
1
2
1
5
	
I
1
2
4
6
1
4
6
14
1
10
1
11
5
25
7
27
6
50
3
39
3
28
8
46
7
15
66
254
90
165
206
77
187
41
137
10
132
1
58
50
60
1
GARMENT-MAKING
Returns Covering 117 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers     $474,425
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        333,534
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    2,665,266
Total.
$3,473,225
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January	
375
1,312
41
58
February 	
375
1,306
40
55
March 	
388
1,357
41
61
April	
393
1,358
41
53
May	
383
1,306
42
59
June  	
363
1,141
43
54
July	
373
1,088
46
51
August   	
379
1,162
47
53
September	
391
1,258
48
52
October	
391
1,307
48
60
November	
384
1,290
48
60
December	
368
1,118
48
59
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to $6.99	
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99	
10.00 to 10.99	
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99	
13.00 to 13.99	
14.00 to 14.99	
15.00 to 15.99	
16.00 to 16.99	
17.00 to 17.99	
18.00 to 18.99	
19.00 to 19.99	
20.00 to 20.99	
21.00 to 21.99-	
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
24.00 to 24.99	
25.00 to 25.99	
26.00 to 26.99	
27.00 to 27.99	
28.00 to 28.99	
29.00 to 29.99	
30.00 to 34.99 _
35.00 to 39.99	
40.00 to 44.99	
45.00 to 49.99	
50.00 to 54.99	
55.00 to 59.99	
60.00 to 64.99	
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over	
5
3
2
11
6
7
14
6
•40
42
72
57
53
33
26
17
29
37
11
30
10
14
11
24
25
17
25
33
44
53
51
62
93
102
106
88
109
101
103
65
131
59
254
138
72
48
16
5
4
4
2
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
—TT
	
—
1
1
2
1
.
1
2
7
	
1
3
3
1
11
11
12
1
2
1 H 26
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table No. 10
HOUSE FURNISHINGS-
MANUFACTURE OF
Returns Covering 136 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers     $560,026
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        302,424
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     3,465,886
Total-
$4,328,336
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January - 	
February...	
March -  '
1,278
1,277
1,238
1,190
1,135
1,123
1,177
1,261
1,282
1,349
1,329
1,308
470
462
455
433
437
431
447
491
521
552
544
537
51
51
52
51
53
52
54
57
57
57
57
57
90
91
92
92
May  	
June	
July  	
August     	
September	
October	
November- 	
95
95
97
100
101
102
104
107
Table No. 11
JEWELLERY MANUFACTURING AND
REPAIR
Returns Covering 35 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers..
__   $70,660
Clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, etc _    i07,312
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)..    630,401
Total-
$808,373
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
194
119
11
59
February 	
192
118
11
59
March  	
191
110
11
55
April	
191
111
11
53
190
118
11
52
June 	
191
128
11
55
July	
194
130
10
56
August    -
189
126
9
56
September- ._
188
■   120
9
61
October	
188
124
10
62
November	
196
137
10
67
December 	
201
148
10
73
Classified Weekly Earnings
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
3
4
1
2
2
4
6
5
4
4
2
5
27
13
28
5
25
21
30
20
30
13
120
233
353
159
192
88
53
21
29
2
2
2
4
3
4
7
7
8
5
6
16
12
16
27
18
26
35
48
17
44
28
173
65
25
9
6
1
1
-
2
1
1
1
6
5
3
3
5
6
5
7
4
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
4
4
2
2
9
6
5
2
6
22
15
10
2
4
2
Under $6.00	
1
2
1
4
3
6
7
1
1
5
2
5
9
17
11
14
32
15
51
8
7
16
4
1
2
1
16
1
2
5
3
9
11
2
30
11
23
14
15
8
1
14
3
1
1
1
-
1
2
1
„
1
1
$6.00 to $6.99 —
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99 	
8.00 to   8.99
9.00 to   9.99 	
	
10.00 to 10 99
10.00 to 10.99 —
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99	
12.00 to 12.99	
13.00 to 13.99	
14.00 to 14.99. 	
1
15.00 to 15.99.	
1
16.00 to 16.99
16.00 to 16.99—	
17.00 to 17.99	
1
18.00 to 18.99   	
18.00 to 18.99	
19.00 to 19.99.	
19 00 to 19 99
20.00 to 20.99
20.00 to 20.99
21.00 to 21.99	
2
21 00 to 21 99
4
22 00 to 22 99
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
8
24.00 to 24.99   	
24.00 to 24.99	
25.00 to 25.99	
4
13
26.00 to 26.99	
7
27 00 to 27 99
27.00 to 27.99	
6
28 00 to 28 99
28.00 to 28.99. 	
6
29.00 to 29.99	
30 00 to 34 99
29.00 to 29.99	
30.00 to 34.99
13
35.00 to 39.99	
35.00 to 39.99	
6
40.00 to 44.99      -
1
45 00 to 49 99
45.00 to 49.99	
1
50 00 to 54 99
50.00 to 54.99 	
1
55 00 to 59 99
55.00 to 59.99	
60 00 to 64 99
60.00 to 64.99	
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over	
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over  .
	 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 27
Table No. 12
LAUNDRIES, CLEANING AND DYEING
Returns Covering 206 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers —     $513,088
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc         703,909
Wage-earners (including piece-workers).—     4,370,282
.    Total— -   $5,587,279
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
February —	
765
768
792
799
807
830
844
833
815
804
791
781
1,869
1,867
1,944
1,975
2,037
2,113
2,172
2,161
2,073
2,012
1,962
1,877
144
144
145
145
149
147
145
143
147
142
145
143
191
185
194
April 	
May 	
194
198
200
July	
August —	
September	
October	
November 	
December 	
198
200
213
198
196
197
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Under $6.00 _
$6.00 to $6.99
7.00 to   7.99 .
8.00 to   8.99
9.00 to   9.99.
10.00 to 10.99.
11.00 to 11.99.
12.00 to 12.99 .
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99.
15.00 to 15.99
16.00 to 16.99
17.00 to 17.99..
18.00 to 18.99 .
19.00 to 19.99.
20.00 to 20.99 .
21.00 to 21.99
22.00 to 22.99 .
23.00 to 23.99
24.00 to 24.99.
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99..
27.00 to 27.99..
28.00 to 28.99
29.00 to 29.99..
30.00 to 34.99 .
35.00 to 39.99
40.00 to 44.99..
45.00 to 49.99 .
50.00 to 54.99.
55.00 to 59.99
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99.
70.00 and over
Wage-earners
Males     Females
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
2
3
7
3
9
3
3
18
1
6
6
6
16
10
8
12
4
86
130
145
167
90
50
40
21
31
15
10
4
6
10
16
8
16
11
14
24
19
76
62
57
81
53
150
61
124
106
120
117
231
146
446
186
76
16
9
5
3
1
1
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
4
10
57
17
12
15
8
11
6
4
2
6
3
15
5
9
20
10
18
24
4
42
26
9
1
2
~I
Table No. 13
LEATHER AND FUR GOODS-
MANUFACTURE OF
Returns Covering 106 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers     $319,129
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        210,734
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)..     1,206,794
Total..
$1,736,657
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
384
266
73
66
February 	
372
273
73
64
March — —
395
280
73
65
April. 	
420
292
72
62
May	
439
303
72
61
June   	
405
285
69
59
July  	
385
282
70
70
August   	
381
303
70
60
September	
391
315
71
57
October	
407
324
70
55
November..  	
395
310
71
63
383
282
67
58
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Under $6.00 	
$6.00 to $6.99 ...
7.00 to   7.99...
8.00 to   8.99..
9.00 to 9.99—
10.00 to 10.99 ..
11.00 to 11.99...
12.00 to 12.99 ...
13.00 to 13.99 ..
14.00 to 14.99...
15.00 to 15.99..
16.00 to 16.99._.
17.00 to 17.99...
18.00 to 18.99..
19.00 to 19.99..
20.00 to 20.99 ...
21.00 to 21.99..
22.00 to 22.99...
23.00 to 23.99 _
24.00 to 24.99 ..
25.00 to 25.99...
26.00 to 26.99 _
27.00 to 27.99...
28.00 to 28.99 ..
29.00 to 29.99 -
30.00 to 34.99 ...
35.00 to 39.99 _
40.00 to 44.99...
45.00 to 49.99 ...
50.00 to 54.99...
55.00 to 59.99 ..
60.00 to 64.99-
65.00 to 69.99 ..
70.00 and over.
3
1
4
6
4
5
6
2
5
3
6
9
4
9
5
1
50
80
92
61
51
26
2
3
2
4
1
4
4
7
9
7
9
16
5
37
12
15
21
24
16
21
8
84
35
24
4
1
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
3
1
2
1
__
2
3
11
12
15
3
2
26
7
6
1
1
1 H 28
Table No. 14
LUMRER INDUSTRIES
Returns Covering 2,064 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers      $7,167,972
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        4,245,150
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    102,803,493
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table No. 15
Total ..
$114,216,615
Employment
Month
January.—
February-
March	
April	
May	
June	
July-
August	
September-
October	
November-
December—
Wage-earners
Males
21,722
26,461
32,289
33,933
37,940
39,213
41,559
42,526
42,864
42,765
40,575
35,729
Females
208
242
285
304
354
388
425
464
462
520
507
415
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
815
813
837
853
887
902
918
927
936
941
936
922
Females
394
387
394
406
426
445
466
482
483
489
487
469
Classified Weekly Earnings
METAL TRADES
Returns Covering 1,595 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers..
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc	
Wage-earners (including piece-workers).
Total..
$7,689,672
9,319,558
29,043,348
$46,052,578
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January	
February  ~
10,383
10,564
11,081
11,358
11,615
11,935
12,197
12,454
12,505
12,604
12,516
12,304
365
349
393
397
437
464
473
495
480
509
474
493
2,275
2,325
2,367
2,371
2,402
2,426
2,455
2,480
2,497
2,530
2,509
2,508
1,363
1,369
1,359
1,382
1,402
1,436
July.	
1,472
1,526
September	
October	
November	
December  	
1,514
1,565
1,545
1,539
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00
61
27
29
48
86
49
38
38
21
29
40
45
44
43
48
77
55
51
50
87
110
62
74
74
70
648
1,190
2,949
6,521
12,862
5,773
4,413
3,426
9,042
1
3
3
1
4
2
4
1
3
2
4
2
6
3
3
6
4
1
23
17
11
18
8
85
97
76
111
57
24
15
11
18
5
3
1
2
4
3
6
5
1
2
3
1
2
3
5
1
3
6
1
16
33
54
68
81
108
99
74
316
10
5
1
1
2
2
4
5
1
6
3
2
6
1
4
7
7
20
5
14
12
8
100
106
73
30
34
11
6
3
5
Under $6.00.	
39
40
8
23
23
31
30
29
24
31
52
37
36
53
44
227
34
100
63
115
182
98
112
126
104
1,027
1,287
1,783
1,826
2,097
2,094
1,396
561
1,046
3
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
5
4
4
16
8
69
25
42
33
12
25
21
16
28
14
75
58
71
39
14
12
4
2
1
5
1
3
3
3
4
5
4
2
1
1
1
2
4
4
9
4
16
7
33
11
33
26
34
331
244
311
335
332
195
136
99
300
11
$6.00 to $6.99... ...
$6.00 to $6.99	
7.00 tn   7.99
2
7.00 to   7.99..
2
8.00 to   8.99 	
9.00 to   9.99-
8.00 to   8.99 	
9.00 to   9.99. .
2
3
10.00 to 10.99    ..   .
10.00 to 10.99	
11.00 to 11.99	
8
11.00 to 11.99
4
12.00 to 12.99
1? 00 to 17 99
5
13.00 to 13.99-	
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99 	
15.00 to 15.99	
7
14.00 to 14.99    	
3
15.00 to 15.99... .
10
16.00 to 16.99	
16.00 to 16.99	
17,00 tn 17 99
8
17.00 to 17.99
3
18.00 to 18.99    .
18.00 to 18.99.
14
19.00 to 19.99
19.00 to 19.99
g
20.00 to 20.99	
20.00 to 20.99.     _
33
21.00 to 21.99	
21.00 to 21.99	
22.00 to 22.99
14
22.00 to 22.99.	
60
23.00 to 23.99
23.00 to 23.99
73
29
24.00 to 24.99	
24.00 to 24.99
25.00 to 25.99...	
25.00 to 25.99 .   ...
26.00 to 26.99	
26 00 to 26 99
40
27.00 to 27.99	
27.00 to 27.99	
73
28.00 to 28.99.	
28.00 to 28.99	
66
29.00 to 29.99	
29.00 to 29.99 	
30.00 to 34.99
69
30.00 to 34.99.   .
376
35.00 to 39.99	
35.00 to 39.99 .
283
40.00 to 44.99 	
40.00 to 44.99	
45.00 to 49.99	
114
45.00 to 49.99.	
63
50.00 to 54.99	
50.00 to 54.99
55.00 to 59.99	
55.00 to 59.99
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99
9
60.00 to 64.99     .	
10
1
1
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over.
70.00 and over REPORT OF DEPU'
Table No. 16
METAL-MINING
Returns Covering 165 Firms
•
rY MINISTER, 1950                                       H 29
Table No. 17
MISCELLANEOUS TRADES AND
INDUSTRIES
Returns Covering 632 Firms
Salary and Wage Paymen
Officers, superintendents, and managers
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)
Total	
ts, 195(
$
>
1,194,681
2,595,293
6,863,137
0,653,111
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers.. .   .      $3,549,483
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc      4,627,307
Wage-earners (including piece-workers).       -    14,999,073
Total                                                           $23,175,863
..   1
 $2
Employment
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
February	
5,469
5,465
5,433
5,392
5,686
5,819
5,869
5,920
5,736
6,054
6,061
5,955
80
79
73
77
78
80
80
81
82
78
79
74
533
529
533
537
547
561
561
560
555
556
567
568
124
123
123
122
123
127
131
128.
128
127
133
131
January. . _ .
5,279
5,289
5,515
5,634
5,942
6,342
6,542
6,910
6,546
5,753
5,612
5,377
920
923
908
919
1,002
1,210
1,156
1,375
2,000
1,121
1,118
980
986
984
989
1,022
1,041
1,035
1,038
1,168
1,036
1,034
1,048
1,029
815
826
820
828
826
862
880
906
871
874
879
877
May. 	
June	
July	
August -
September	
October —
May 	
June
,T"ly
August	
September     — ..
October	
November	
December	
December
Classified Weekly Earnings
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00
9
1
12
6
2
3
3
3
4
5
3
8
3
2
5
7
11
15
8
12
8
6
85
128
353
1,121
1,161
1,036
1,045
687
930
2
1
1
1
5
3
1
1
1
3
1
1
14
19
12
21
5
2
2
2
1
_
2
j
_
1
_
-
6
17
24
62
80
78
68
191
T
1
1
I
4
1
5
5
1
2
31
27
22
9
10
2
2
1
Under $6.00	
49
34
23
24
16
27
20
26
15
22
34
18
34
33
26
206
36
47
35
54
91
61
51
68
57
810
1,036
1,405
1,004
861
721
504
217
364   1
15
7
1
3
12
6
11
13
12
7
14
17
28
31
15
56
26
55
31
58
53
58
41
111
38
1,224
242
50
66
8
7
2
1
2
1
3
_
1
2
6
2
7
6
2
8
4
6
8
5
6
7
5
119
206
137
119
131
65
72
74
160
10
7
1
4
1
1
4
1
2
1
3
8
11
8
29
7
13
29
21
59
19
34
45
15
284
214
85
32
13
6
3
2
1
$6.00 to $6.99	
7.00 to   7.99
$6.00 to $6.99	
7 00 fn    7 QQ
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99
8.00 to   8.99	
q nn tn  9 99
10.00 to 10.99
10.00 to 10.99  ...    .
11.00 to 11.99
12.00 to 12.99
11.00 to 11.99-
1? OOtn 17,99
13 00 to 13.99
13.00 to 13.99	
14.00 to 14.99
15.00 to 15.99
14.00 to 14.99 .. ....
15.00 to 15.99..     .
16 00fn 16 99
16.00 to 16.99 ,
17.00 to 17.99.     .   .
17 onto 1799
18 00 to 18.99
18.00 to 18.99
19 00 to 19.99
19,00 tn 19 99
20 00 to 20.99
?0 00 fn 90 99
21.00 to 21.99	
22.00 to 22.99   ....
21.00 to 21.99	
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99.   	
23 00 to 23.99
24 00 to 24 99
74 00 tn 74 99
25.00 to 25.99
26 00 to 26.99
75 nnTn 75,99
26.00 to 26.99   .   .
27.00 to 27.99	
27.00 to 27.99	
28.00 to 28.99	
28 00 to 28 99
29 00 to 29 99
29.00 to 29.99. . —
30 00 to 34.99
30.00 to 34.99
35.00 to 39.99	
35.00 to 39.99	
40.00 to 44.99
40 00 to 44.99
45 00 to 49.99
45.00 to 49.99
50 00 to 54.99
50.00 to 54.99     ...
55 00 to 59.99
55.00 to 59.99
60.00 to 64.99
65 00 to 69.99
60.00 to 64.99	
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over
70 nn anrl nvpr H 30
Table No. 18
OIL REFINING AND DISTRIRUTING
Returns Covering 80 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Table No. 19
Officers, superintendents, and managers.
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.
..     $814,598
..   2,843,864
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    4,480,486
Total   $8,138,948
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January.	
1,722
1,636
1,446
1,364
1,469
1,504
1,504
1,506
1,376
1,395
1,700
1,624
18
16
32
62
93
116
51
52
41
13
16
17
717
682
692
697
701
708
707
722
718
726
734
726
300
292
March	
April	
May 	
June 	
July 	
279
289
297
306
309
332
September 	
327
319
November 	
December	
322
322
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Under $6.00 .
$6.00 to $6.99
7.00 to 7.99
8.00 to 8.99 .
9.00 to 9.99
10.00 to 10.99
11.00 to 11.99
12.00 to 12.99
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99.
15.00 to 15.99.
16.00 to 16.99
17.00 to 17.99
18.00 to 18.99.
19.00 to 19.99
20.00 to 20.99
21.00 to 21.99
22.00 to 27.99
23.00 to 23.99
24.00 to 24.99
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99
27.00 to 27.99
28.00 to 28.99
29.00 to 29.99
30.00 to 34.99
35.00 to 39.09
40.00 to 44.99
45.00 to 49.99
50.00 to 54.99 .
55.00 to 59.99
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over
Wage-earners
Males     Females
1
4
2
5
13
2
2
2
2
27
49
157
242
274
319
272
135
568
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
9
11
2
2
2
3
9
2
4
2
3
2
2
2
20
24
51
57
82
140
96
58
200
4
4
6
4
3
61
72
43
32
7
53
7
1
2
PAINT-MANUFACTURING
Returns Covering 17 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers.-       $225,751
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        410,316
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)        526,449
Total.
$1,162,516
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January  	
178
39
109
50
February 	
181
40
111
49
March -	
196
48
108
52
April.  	
204
48
114
53
May 	
219
51
113
52
June 	
221
53
109
53
July 	
206
53
108
51
206
52
107
50
September 	
202
42
115
45
October 	
201
43
115
50
November 	
198
42
116
48
December	
193
42
113
46
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Under $6.00   ..
$6.00 to $6.99
7.00 to   7.99.
8.00 to   8.99.
9.00 to 9.99.
10.00 to 10.99
11.00 to 11.99.
12.00 to 12.99
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99 .
15.00 to 15.99.
16.00 to 16.99
17.00 to 17.99 .
18.00 to 18.99.
19.00 to 19.99
20.00 to 20.99 .
21.00 to 21.99
22.00 to 22.99
23.00 to 23.99
24.00 to 24.99 .
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99.
27.00 to 27.99 .
28.00 to 28.99
29.00 to 29.99
30.00 to 34.99
35.00 to 39.99
40.00 to 44.99
45.00 to 49.99
50.00 to 54.99 .
55.00 to 59.99
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over
1
5
2
5
27
31
55
46
23
16
6
2
1
3
11
7
2
23
2
3
1
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
3
2
9
13
14
15
16
12
9
11
7
1
1
~5
1
4
3
13
11
4
4
1 Table No. 20
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING
Returns Covering 173 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers..    $1,474,432
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc        3,523,349
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)      6,473,815
Total    $ 11,471,596
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
Table No. 21
H 31
Employment
Month
January	
February...
March	
April	
May	
June ._
July 	
August	
September .
October __
November_
December..
Wage-earners
Males
1,912
1,938
1,935
1,929
1,981
2,011
1,975
2,005
1,996
1,998
2,014
2,004
Females
363
353
350
339
342
352
343
357
353
354
375
358
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
806
819
812
816
803
807
839
811
789
791
794
829
Females
580
575
580
587
600
588
595
572
576
581
577-
532
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Males     Females
Under $6.00 	
$6.00 to $6.99 .......
7.00 to   7.99 	
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99	
10.00 to 10.99 	
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99 —
13.00 to 13.99 —.
14.00 to 14.99	
15.00 to 15.99	
16.00 to 16.99 	
17.00 to 17.99	
18.00 to 18.99 	
19.00 to 19.99	
20.00 to 20.99
21.00 to 21.99	
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
24.00 to 24.99	
25.00 to 25.99 	
26.00 to 26.99 	
27.00 to 27.99	
28.00 to 28.99 	
29.00 to 29.99	
30.00 to 34.99	
35.00 to 39.99	
40.00 to 44.99	
45.00 to 49.99	
50.00 to 54.99	
55.00 to 59.99	
60.00 to 64.99	
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over .._..
17
7
2
3
2
8
5
7
7
10
16
20
26
17
11
18
6
27
18
24
35
6
21
23
15
87
78
124
102
114
94
249
307
564
17
2
2
11
6
5
9
21
11
31
6
11
12
15
16
15
15
12
22
44
93
22
12
9
10
3
1
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
4
4
4
8
1
11
3
3
4
4
14
8
14
8
4
44
100
85
73
68
78
60
78
132
1
4
4
4
7
10
10
6
24
25
15
49
30
38
24
27
125
107
32
17
11
7
3
6
12
PULP AND PAPER—
MANUFACTURE OF
Returns Covering 9 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers.
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.—
$1,124,496
1,846,230
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) _   13,045,289
Total.
$16,016,015
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
3,837
96
295
146
February.—	
3,863
99
294
147
March	
3,875
98
295
151
April 	
3,907
88
294
161
May -	
4,044
86
302
172
June —	
4,183
93
311
176
July —	
4,279
4,265
93
311
176
August 	
87
310
180
September	
4,164
92
308
183
October 	
4,164
104
313
186
November 	
4,196
102
315
187
December	
4,220
105
318
190
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Under $6.00 ...
$6.00 to $6.99 .
7.00 to   7.99..
8.00 to   8.99 ...
9.00 to 9.99...
10.00 to 10.99 .,
11.00 to 11.99...
12.00 to 12.99...
13.00 to 13.99 ...
14.00 to 14.99 .
15.00 to 15.99..
16.00 to 16.99 ...
17.00 to 17.99 ...
18.00 to 18.99 .
19.00 to 19.99 .
20.00 to 20.99 .
21.00 to 21.99...
22.00 to 22.99...
23.00 to 23.99...
24.00 to 24.99 ...
25.00 to 25.99 ...
26.00 to 26.99 ..
27.00 to 27.99 ...
28.00 to 28.99 ..
29.00 to 29.99 ..
30.00 to 34.99 ..
35.00 to 39.99 ...
40.00 to 44.99 ...
45.00 to 49.99 ...
50.00 to 54.99 ...
55.00 to 59.99 .
60.00 to 64.99 ..
65.00 to 69.99 ..
70.00 and over.
Wage-earners
Males     Females
41
2
3
4
21
3
3
26
9
5
1
5
10
9
5
7
9
13
13
22
10
16
13
9
65
92
149
431
676
707
567
440
921
37
16
13
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
1
1
1
5
6
11
27
43
50
56
28
114
4
3
3
6
5
30
46
31
14
10
1 H 32                                                  DEPARTMEN'
Table No. 22
SHIP-BUILDING AND BOAT-BUILDING
Returns Covering 76 Firms
r OF LABOUR
Table No. 23
SMELTING AND CONCENTRATING
Returns Covering 6 Firms
Salary and Wage Paymer
Officers, superintendents, and managers
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc.
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)
Total      	
ts, 1950
$525,963
Salary and Wage Paymen
Officers, superintendents, and managers
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc	
ts, 195<
)
$540,985
2,587,996
0.196.638
707,536
5,772,258
ZZZ"   l
.    .     .. $
Total   $13,325,619
7,005,757
Employment
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
January  	
1,955
2,118
2,390
2,564
2,466
2,264
2,240
2,106
2,068
2,197
2,177
2,349
37
37
38
37
37
37
39
38
37
37
34
34
176
169
169
167
171
168
165
164
161
163
166
165
70
65
66
69
67
68
70
73
72
71
71
71
J          ,             H
January 	
February	
March. „
April	
May	
June  	
July   .      	
August.	
September. 	
October 	
November	
December	
3,414
3,423
3,379
3,388
3,479
3,455
3,512
3,437
3,417
3,410
3,400
3,394
55
54
55
53
54
53
56
57
56
55
54
55
573
578
576
585
595
603
■    608
606
587
582
587
586
161
165
157
152
151
159
158
161
159
155
161
158
March 	
May	
June 	
July	
August	
September...	
November	
December	
Classified Weekly Earnings
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Males    Females
21
7
2
12
4
4
9
11
2
13
3
8
5
3
5
20
12
11
16
19
8
16
3
19
16
108
85
238
315
348
701
401
225
310
~~~3
_
1
1
1
3
I
1
3
1
1
4
9
18
16
11
10
18
13
58
1
8
3
4
2
~26
15
6
3
_
Under $6.00 .  	
3
1
3
4
4
1
2
4
3
4
15
8
5
3
7
3
6
13
3
10
6
6
5
74
112
200
479
832
682
380
270
367
_
.    __
1
1
1
7
9
2
6
3
„
.     -
1
4
3
1
2
7
1
" " 1
1
i"
5
25
24
42
99
61
101
246
1
2
if
2
12
3
3
1
3
49
27
29
17
9
3
$6 00 to $6 99
$6.00 to $6.99 .    ...
7.00 to   7.99	
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99	
10.00 to 10.99.
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99
7.00 to   7.99...
8.00 to   8.99	
9.00 to   9.99   ...
10.00 to 10.99
11.00 to 11.99	
12.00 to 12.99
13.00 to 13.99 	
13.00 to 13.99
14.00 to 14.99
14.00 to 14.99..
15.00 to 15.99
16.00 to 16.99	
15.00 to 15.99
16 00 to 16 99
17.00 to 17.99..   	
17.00 to 17.99
18.00 to 18.99
18.00 to 18.99
19.00 to 19.99    ...
19.00 to 19.99
20.00 to 20.99	
21 00 to 21 99
20.00 to 20.99	
21.00 to 21.99	
22 00 to 22 99
22.00 to 22.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
24.00 to 24.99	
23.00 to 23.99	
24.00 to 24.99
75 00 tn 75 99
25.00 to 25.99	
26.00 to 26.99
27.00 to 27.99	
28 00 to 28.99
26.00 to 26.99	
27.00 to 27.99
28.00 to 28.99	
29.00 to 29.99
29.00 to 29.99   . ..
30.00 to 34.99	
35.00 to 39.99	
40.00 to 44.99	
30.00 to 34.99.
35.00 to 39.99	
40 00 to 44.99
45.00 to 49.99	
45.00 to 49.99
50.00 to 54.99	
55.00 to 59.99.
50.00 to 54.99.
55.00 to 59.99	
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over	
60.00 to 64.99
65.00 to 69.99	
70.00 and over	 Table No. 24
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
Table No. 25
H 33
STREET-RAILWAYS, GAS, WATER, LIGHT,
POWER, TELEPHONES, ETC.
Returns Covering 125 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers...
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc	
Wage-earners (including piece-workers).
Total .	
$1,888,358
6,875,715
21,207,833
$29,971,906
Employment
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
6,293
2,514
1,222
1,343
6,293
2,553
1,227
1,351
March 	
6,392
2,584
1,222
1,345
April 	
6,605
2,639
1,218
1,355
May	
6,514
2,752
1,266
1,386
June  	
6,398
2,806
1,274
1,428
July  —
6,460
2,860
1,269
1,464
August	
6,423
2,874
1,282
' 1,457
September	
6,324
2,859
1,262
1,428
October 	
6,244
2,929
1,269
1,402
November 	
6,122
2,995
1,263
1,379
December.	
6,028
2,923
1,259
1,372
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Under $6.00 ...
$6.00 to $6.99 „
7.00 to   7.99.
8.00 to   8.99.
9.00 to 9.99.
10.00 to 10.99...
11.00 to 11.99..
12.00 to 12.99.
13.00 to 13.99.
14.00 to 14.99.
15.00 to 15.99..
16.00 to 16.99.
17.00 to 17.99.
18.00 to 18.99
19.00 to 19.99.
20.00 to 20.99.
21.00 to 21.99.
22.00 to 22.99.
23.00 to 23.99.
24.00 to 24.99.
25.00 to 25.99.
26.00 to 26.99
27.00 to 27.99.
28.00 to 28.99
29.00 to 29.99 .
30.00 to 34.99 .
35.00 to 39.99.
40.00 to 44.99.
45.00 to 49.99.
50.00 to 54.99..
55.00 to 59.99.
60.00 to 64.99.
65.00 to 69.99
70.00 and over
Wage-earners
Males     Females
29
14
15
8
22
21
5
17
7
8
6
11
16
19
20
18
13
11
10
21
18
56
20
38
10
237
345
1,067
1,313
1,223
673
571
702
585
5
5
5
5
1
85
40
218
219
178
28
167
316
77
703
435
136
60
26
28
7
3
3
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
2
39
80
128
130
113
94
175
122
343
2
2
4
2
3
3
2
2
2
3
6
10
10
9
4
38
63
23
43
79
452
374
170
74
31
12
13
6
3
WOOD-MANUFACTURING (N.E.S.)
Returns Covering 217 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers 	
Clerks, stenographers, salesmen, etc	
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)	
Total  	
$1,596,037
983.139
11,980,029
$14,559,205
Employment
-i      -jg
rjwiPTKI
Clerks,
Wage-earners
Stenographers,
Month
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
January 	
3,934
744
187
162
February	
4,033
783
188
162
March 	
4,178
790
190
166
April 	
4,274
814
194
166
May 	
4,441
838
198
171
June.      	
4,437
839
206
171
July	
4,507
854
205
171
4,516
843
206
169
September	
4,535
824
198
162
October 	
4,601
839
199
166
November...	
4,490
827
202
170
December	
i
4,320
787
204
169
Classified Weekly Earnings
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number
Under $6.00....
$6.00 to $6.99..
7.00 to   7.99...
8.00 to   8.99...
9.00 to 9.99.
10.00 to 10.99.
11.00 to 11.99.
12.00 to 12.99.
13.00 to 13.99 .
14.00 to 14.99 ...
15.00 to 15.99...
16.00 to 16.99.
17.00 to 17.99...
18.00 to 18.99.
19.00 to 19.99..
20.00 to 20.99..
21.00 to 21.99.
22.00 to 22.99 .
23.00 to 23.99.
24.00 to 24.99-
25.00 to 25.99 .
26.00 to 26.99.
27.00 to 27.99 .
28.00 to 28.99 .
29.00 to 29.99
30.00 to 34.99
35.00 to 39.99 .
40.00 to 44.99..
45.00 to 49.99.
50.00 to 54.99.
55.00 to 59.99.
60.00 to 64.99.
65.00 to 69.99.
70.00 and over
Wage-earners'
Males     Females
16
2
4
4
3
7
4
5
3
5
3
11
4
4
12
15
16
27
8
18
23
17
9
21
87
152
340
634
1,071
1,390
543
258
180
171
4
1
4
1
3
1
8
2
4
3
13
6
8
5
20
37
87
72
185
373
71
10
1
1
Clerks,
Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males    Females
7
7
16
18
30
12
38
20
65
1
2
1
2
1
4
4
4
4
3
24
50
31
21
6
6
1 H 34
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
SUMMARY OF ALL TABLES
Returns Covering 9,509 Firms
Total Salary and Wage Payments during Twelve Months Ended
December 31st, 1950
Officers, superintendents, and managers ...
Clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, etc.
Wage-earners   (including piece-workers) —
Returns received too late to be included in above summary
Transcontinental railways  (ascertained payroll).
$43,885,186
56,964,313
373,584,553
$898,366
33,362,663
Estimated additional payrolls, including employers covered by the survey but not filing returns,
and additional services not included in the tables; namely, Governmental workers, wholesale and retail firms, ocean services, miscellaneous (estimated payroll)   	
Total.
$474,434,052
186,304,919
220,565,948
$695,000,000
Employment
Month
Wage-earners
Clerks, Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
106,464
114,904
123,819
128,517
136,977
140,778
145,373
147,083
145,676
144,001
138,612
128,789
12,149
12,933
12,743
13,001
13,784
15,534
17,907
18,519
20,257
18,471
16,611
13,635
12,702
12,757
12,895
12,957
13,232
13,362
13,456
13,633
13,419
13,420
13,431
13,407
8,087
8,082
8,101
8,146
8,320
8,501
July  	
8,670
8,760
September     	
October       	
8,706
8,714
8,698
8,599 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
Classified Weekly Earnings
H 35
For Week of Employment of Greatest Number
Wage-earners
Clerks, Stenographers,
Salesmen, etc.
Males
Females
Males
Females
Under $6.00          	
554
296
197
232
298
306
217
265
201
257
353
301
301
342
295
894
338
513
425
684
872
635
550
752
642
6,835
10,101
18,247
24,801
31,056
20,501
15,338
12,827
22,253
431
193
123
141
142
225
181
202
178
219
269
271
374
433
397
740
463
940
740
976
998
901
879
1,286
1,137
5,511
3,156
1,755
1,241
521
253
143
79
97
32
19
9
10
8
13
23
18
12
5
14
12
26
29
20
48
13
27
61
37
117
43
77
84
68
820
1,008
1,407
1,490
1,570
1,454
1,190
1,018
2,800
58
$6.00 to $6.99	
31
7.00 to   7.99   	
10
8.00 to   8.99- 	
9.00 to   9.99  	
12
16
10.00 to 10.99  	
26
11.00 to 11.99-	
23
12.00 to 12.99	
38
13.00 to 13.99..	
19
14.00 to 14.99 -..
20
15.00 to 15.99...	
42
16.00 to 16.99 _ . - .   ....
26
17.00 to 17.99 	
40
18.00 to 18.99
67
19.00 to 19.99 -
46
20.00 to 20.99	
148
21.00 to 21.99	
80
22.00 to 22.99              	
163
23.00 to 23.99..	
24.00 to 24.99
241
161
25.00 to 25.99        	
501
26.00 to 26.99	
271
27.00 to 27.99         	
340
28.00 to 28.99. „
366
29.00 to 29.99         —                          	
276
30.00 to 34.99        ....          —                          	
2,358
35.00 to 39.99 -	
1,824
40.00 to 44.99
893
45.00 to 49.99	
415
50.00 to 54.99         —
219
55.00 to 59.99        	
125
60.00 to 64.99                           ..           	
50
65.00 to 69.99                        —  .	
26
70.00 and over      ...
32
172,679
25,595
13,582
8,963 H 36
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
"HOURS OF WORK ACT"
For each successive year since the " Hours of Work Act" became effective, the
Board has shown, as an indication of the trend of industrial hours of work, a computed
figure representing the average hours worked during one week by all industrial wage-
earners included in the annual survey.
The following record shows the computed average weekly hours for all employees
in the wage-earner section from 1930 to 1950, and it may be noted that, with the exception of a slight increase during the war years, a gradual decline in the weekly hours
reported has taken place during this span of twenty-one years.
1930.
1931.
1932..
1933..
1934.
1935-
1936.
1937..
1938.
1939..
1940..
48.62
47.37
47.69
47.35
47.32
47.17
47.63
47.25
46.84
47.80
46.91
1941	
 46.90
1942
... 48.12
1943
. 47.19
1944	
.   46.02
1945           	
  45.59
1946 	
  43.63
1947	
 42.24
1948	
  42.21
1949 _	
._ _  42.24
1950	
  41.89
During the year 1946, by an amendment to the "Hours of Work Act," the legal
working-hours for employees in industry was reduced from forty-eight to forty-four hours
per week, subject to certain exceptions. For the years subsequent to the introduction
of this amendment, the following table shows the relative percentages of the total wage-
earners covered in the survey who were reported as working up to and including the
weekly limit of forty-four hours, and the percentage of those in excess of the legal limit.
Comparative Figures, 1947 to 1950 (Wage-earners)
Year
Firms
Reporting
Wage-earners
Reported
44 Hours or
Less per
Week
In Excess of
44 Hours
1947      	
1948       ... 	
8,410
8,736
9,020
9,509
159,300
165,411
161,945
169,342
Per Cent
80.63
81.59
81.86
83.06
Per Cent
19.37
18.41
1949         ..
18.14
1950 	
16.94
Replying to an inquiry regarding hours of work, the 9,509 firms reporting to the
Department of Labour for 1950 submitted information concerning some 169,342 wage-
earners, male and female. Indicating the general trend toward shorter working-hours,
the percentage of the total shown as working forty-four hours per week or less continued
to increase, the figure reaching 83.06 per cent for 1950, while the total reported in excess
of forty-four hours declined relatively to 16.94 per cent for the same period.
Employees in clerical occupations were also included under the survey relating to
hours of work. Details of some 19,788 male and female clerical workers were reported
in this section, this total being comprised of clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, etc., but
not including officials or executive staff. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES
H 37
Under separate headings of " Wage-earners " and " Clerical Workers " the following
tables show by industry the comparative average weekly hours worked in each classification for 1950 and previous years:—
Average Weekly Hours of Work
Wage-earners
Industry
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
43.19
43.87
40.09
50.05
41.58
42.20
45.90
41.13
42.32
42.83
42.77
41.89
43.21
45.88
43.72
44.63
44.02
43.83
42.47
45.31
44.46
43.63
43.51
40.74
44.17
42.02
42.28
44.50
43.32
41.23
42.65
44.76
40.11
47.38
41.36
42.59
44.33
39.43
39.94
41.93
41.60
40.85
41.55
47.55
42.38
41.24
41.25
40.40
42.01
45.19
43.10
44.06
41.59
39.42
44.73
39.46
42.30
43.36
39.78
40.23
43.08
43.67
40.08
48.19
41.15
39.82
45.02
38.46
39.59
41.30
41.29
40.72
41.96
44.62
42.48
41.29
41.23
39.69
42.42
44.72
43.04
44.17
41.69
38.78
44.68
39.64
39.99
42.75
39.72
41.21
43.11
43.91
40.09
48.61
41.90
41.92
44.47
38.96
40.21
38.53
41.42
40.71
41.66
45.18
43.54
41.24
41.02
39.71
41.96
43.50
42.61
43.94
41.71
38.75
44.51
39.55
42.43
42.52
39.20
41.32
42.65
Cartage, trucking, and warehousing1 	
44.14
39.17
46.83
41.49
42.25
43.70
38.96
40.29
38.85
41.31
40.12
Lumber industries—
41.57
46.93
42.99
41.17
41.15
39.83
41.83
43.95
42.07
43.94
41.57
37.98
43.36
40.21
43.13
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc   .
40.59
40.16
Previous yearly figures for cartage, trucking, and warehousing included with miscellaneous trades and industries. H 38
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Average Weekly Hours of Work—Continued
Clerical Workers
Industry
1947
1948
1949
1950
39.33
40.25
39.58
39.61
41.05
39.69
40.48
42.60
39.62
39.83
36.71
43.44
40.49
42.89
40.55
42.07
40.66
38.31
41.23
42.96
40.59
39.20
38.40
37.35
38.80
39.98
42.36
39.80
38.96
38.92
40.09
41.38
39.77
40.84
38.86
40.02
42.53
37.30
39.65
37.36
43.23
39.76
41.94
38.85
41.46
40.42
39.04
40.97
43.34
40.60
38.46
37.75
37.74
39.67
40.23
41.38
39.21
38.80
40.32
38.20
41.73
39.89
40.27
38.81
39.40
41.82
38.79
39.77
38.65
42.74
39.91
42.02
38.31
40.85
40.69
40.72
40.89
42.91
40.98
37.43
37.52
37.18
40.58
38.93
41.25
38.19
38.38
38.81
38.05
39.93
Coal-mining ..   .....  ~ '  	
39.50
39.78
37.69
41.27
41.79
38.48
38.97
38.20
42.65
37.59
Lumber industries—
41.12
41.84
39.82
39.43
Shingle-mills       	
39.61
40.47
42.85
41.54
37.64
37.68
36.58
39.35
39.80
42.54
35.19
38.03 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 39
STATISTICS OF CIVIC AND MUNICIPAL WORKERS
On the basis of information submitted to the Department of Labour by the various
cities and municipalities throughout the Province, this section has been maintained to
deal separately with employment and payroll data relating to civic and municipal workers.
As a portion of the total industrial payroll, the figures quoted in this section have
already been incorporated in the tables shown elsewhere in this Report, and should
therefore not be considered as in addition to previous employment and payroll summaries.
Included in the totals which follow are workers engaged in public works, the construction and maintenance of waterworks, generation and distribution of light and power,
and similar operations owned and operated by the city or municipality completing the
report.
A total of 137 civic and municipal administrations submitted returns for 1950,
reporting a payroll of $13,746,395, an increase of $672,825 over the reported total for
the previous year.
The table following sets out the comparative payroll totals for civic and municipal
workers in each classification covered by the survey for the years 1948, 1949, and
1950:—
1948
1949
1950
$1,074,817
1,254,191
8,919,363
$1,118,725
1,337,143
10,617,702
$1,187,402
1,328 629
11,230,364
Totals 	
$11,248,371
$13,073,570
$13,746,395
Employment totals covering workers in civic and municipal occupations reached
a new high mark during 1950. Continued activity in the improvement and repair of
existing public works and the expansion of civic and municipal payrolls through the
development of new projects coming within the control of the administrations brought
increased employment totals in this section, the survey showing a high of 6,283 workers
employed for the month of June, 1950, as against a total of 5,964 reported for the peak
month of July in the previous year, these totals being inclusive of both the wage-earner
class and the clerical employees.
Monthly employment totals of civic and municipal workers are shown in the following table, which sets out by sex and occupational classification the 1950 employment
totals, together with comparative figures for the preceding year 1949:—
Employment Totals1 of Civic and Municipal Workers, 1949 and 1950
Month
1949
Wage-earners
Males
Females
Clerks,
Stenographers, etc.
Males       Females
1950
Wage-earners
Males
Females
Clerks,
Stenographers, etc.
Males     Females
January.—
February-
March	
April	
May	
June	
July.	
August—
September
October—
November
December .
3,930
4,172
4,506
4,572
4,971
5,181
5,243
5,219
4,954
4,849
4,682
4,420
29
26
28
29
77
94
99
97
44
27
28
28
425
422
424
416
418
427
432
431
434
434
444
447
168
172
172
181
184
187
190
190
188
186
188
194
4,407
4,495
4,682
4,883
5,039
5,518
5,337
5,199
4,822
4,628
4,408
4,098
36
36
34
23
72
93
99
66
41
36
38
37
400
413
422
418
429
443
449
451
449
448
445
445
214
220
222
220
222
229
230
231
232
228
227
224
1 Totals represent the number of employees on payroll on the last day of each month or nearest working-date. H 40
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
A percentage distribution of civic and municipal employment with relation to
earnings is indicated in the following table, which gives the percentage of male wage-
earners in the various wage classifications as noted for the comparative years 1948, 1949,
and 1950:—
Weekly Earnings
Percentage of Employees
1948
1949
1950
Under $15	
1.57
0.57
1.15
1.48
14.63
19.15
41.77
12.49
7.19
1.39
0.91
1.38
1.92
5.02
•    13.72
33.18
25.44
17.04
1.60
$15 to $20   _	
0.57
20 to   25 	
25 to   30    	
2.42
2.46
30 to   35   '  ... .
35 to   40	
4.65
12.90
40 to   45  _	
45 to   50—    .	
22.24
28.76
24.40
Increased earnings for workers in civic and municipal occupations were apparent
during the year under review. From an average figure of $43.84 recorded in 1949, the
weekly earnings in the male wage-earners' section increased to $44.82 during 1950.
Clerical workers also benefited with increased earnings for male employees, the
figure representing average weekly earnings increasing to $46.82 in 1950, as compared
with $46.11 noted during the previous year, while for female workers in this section the
average stood at $32.93, slightly below the high of $33.15 recorded during 1949.
Shorter hours were apparent for civic and municipal employees. During 1950 the
average weekly working-hours for wage-earners, which had been computed at 41.16 in
1949, decreased to 40.89, while for the clerical workers the average weekly working-
hours decreased to 36.73, as compared with an average figure of 38.28 recorded in 1949. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 41
SUMMARY OF NEW LAWS AFFECTING LABOUR
(Passed by the Legislature of British Columbia, Session 1951)
"ANNUAL HOLIDAYS ACT AMENDMENT ACT, 1951 "
The "Annual Holidays Act" was amended so that the Minister of Labour could
approve the vacation provisions of a labour agreement between organized employees
and their employer, and if the Minister so approved the vacation plan provided in such
an agreement, the provisions of the agreement with respect to vacations applied to the
employees and the employer in lieu of the provisions of the Act.
Unorganized employees still retained the benefits of the Act.
"APPRENTICESHIP ACT AMENDMENT ACT, 1951 "
Amendments to the "Apprenticeship Act" provide for a new definition of
" employer," as in the past there had been some doubt regarding the person responsible
for the employment or training of an apprentice. The Act was broadened in its application to include adults as well as minors. Provision has now been made in the Act
for Inspectors to inspect the equipment and training facilities and examine books and
payrolls, etc, so that the Department will have complete information regarding the
working conditions of the apprentices. The section of the Act regarding penalties for
contravention of the Statute was redrafted for simplification and a new form of contract
of apprenticeship has been provided in Schedule B.
"FACTORIES ACT AMENDMENT ACT, 1951 "
In order to remove certain requirements of the Act which were taken care of by
the provisions of other Statutes—for example, the " Control of Employment of Children
Act," the " Hours of Work Act," the " Workmen's Compensation Act," and the " Fire
Marshal Act "—several sections of the " Factories Act " were repealed. The definition
of " factory " has been revised and broadened in its interpretation. Prior to the amendment a factory was defined in general terms and also was specifically listed in the
Schedule to the Act.   This schedule has now been eliminated.
Reference to " child," " mill-gearing," " parent," " woman," and " young girl " has
been taken out of the definitions, as these are no longer referred to in the Act.
A new definition of " public service laundry " has been added to meet the situation
presented by the introduction of self-service laundries commonly known as " launderettes."
Section 56 of the Act regarding the closing of factories on certain holidays has been
amended so that certain operations which by their nature are required to be continuous—
for example, the production of electric light, gas, etc.—shall not be required to obtain
a permit to work on certain specified holidays. The new Schedule lists factories that
are not required to obtain permits from the Inspector to work on statutory holidays.
"MECHANICS' LIEN ACT AMENDMENT ACT, 1951 "
The " Mechanics' Lien Act " was amended to prevent any person whose wages are
less than $10 per day from contracting out of the benefits of the Act.
" PUBLIC WORKS FAIR WAGES AND CONDITIONS
OF EMPLOYMENT ACT "
In the past, fair-wage clauses have been inserted in all public-works contracts by
the respective departments letting the contracts. The responsibility of deciding what was
a fair wage was that of the Department of Labour, and the enforcement of the clause
was the responsibility of the department actually letting the contract.   As it is considered H 42 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
desirable that the fair-wage policy should be centralized, the whole matter now comes
under the jurisdiction of the Minister of Labour. The " Public Works Wages Act " is
repealed.
" SHOPS REGULATION AND WEEKLY HOLIDAY ACT
AMENDMENT ACT, 1951 "
The " Shops Regulation and Weekly Holiday Act" was amended to permit the
Council of the City of Vancouver, if it sees fit, to allow grocery-shops to remain open
after the usual closing-hours for the convenience of the public. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950 H 43
REPORT OF THE BOARD OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
Members of the Board
1. James Thomson, Deputy Minister of Labour, Chairman ...Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
2. Christopher John McDowell    _ _     1000 Douglas Street, Victoria.
3. Fraudena Eaton _.   _ _ _   789 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
4. J. A. Ward Bell    _ 789 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
5. H. Douglas  789 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Secretary
C. R. Margison  _ „     —.789 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Head office   _ _  Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Branch office - — -  789 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Regional offices _     —17 Bastion Street, Nanaimo.
Capital News Building, Bernard Avenue, Kelowna.
560 Baker Street, Nelson.
515 Columbia Street, Kamloops.
Department of Labour, Prince George.
Department of Labour, Smithers.
To the Honourable the Minister of Labour,
Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—We have the honour to present the seventeenth annual report of the Board of
Industrial Relations for the year ended December 31st, 1950.
The Board of Industrial Relations was established in April, 1934, and was charged
with the duties and responsibilities formerly connected with the Minimum Wage Board,
the Board of Adjustment, and the Male Minimum Wage Board.
Statistical records have been maintained by the Department in connection with the
work of female employees for the past thirty-three years, so that although this is only the
seventeenth report of the Board of Industrial Relations, it is the thirty-third annual record
of the Department with respect to female employees.
MEETINGS AND DELEGATIONS
During the year 1950 the Board held sixty-two sessions, sixteen of which were held
in Victoria and the remainder in Vancouver.
Twenty-four delegations appeared before the Board to make representations in
connection with the revision of the Board's orders and regulations, or for the purpose
of submitting evidence in connection with requests for overtime permits, or exemptions
from the operation of the " Hours of Work Act."
Public hearings were held in connection with the following:—■
1. Section 9 (I) of Order No. 52 (1946) with respect to the hotel and catering
industry, regarding charges or deductions which may be made by an employer from the
wages of employees for board and (or) lodging.
2. Orders Nos. 46 and 47 regarding the revision of the daily guarantee provisions
of the Minimum Wage Orders applying to employees in the fruit and vegetable industry.
3. Order No. 18.—Representations were made in connection with the complete
revision of this Minimum Wage Order applying to stationary steam engineers.
4. Orders Nos. 9 and 26.—This hearing was called by the Board for the purpose
of receiving representations in connection with the revision of all Minimum Wage Orders
applying to truck-drivers and their swampers or helpers.
ORDERS AND REGULATIONS MADE DURING 1950
Resulting from representations and investigations, the Board made the following
Minimum Wage Orders and regulations during the year:— H 44 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Minimum Wage Orders
1. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 67k (1950).—This Order of the
Board amended Order No. 67 (1948) by deleting motion-picture projectionists from
its application.
2. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 6a (1950).—This Order of the
Board amended Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 6 (1948) with respect to
the automotive repair and gasoline service-station industry by making provision in the
Order for learners' rates for inexperienced employees employed exclusively in the parts
department.
3. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 9b (1950).—This amendment to
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 9 (1948) with respect to the transportation
industry brought drivers of vehicles employed in the delivery of His Majesty's mail within
the application of Order No. 9 (1948).
4. Female Minimum Wage Order No. Ilk (1950).—This amendment to Order
No. 11 (1949) deleted female licentiates of pharmacy from the application of this
Order which makes provision for certain periods of rest after five consecutive hours'
employment.
5. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 24, Supplementary (1950).—
This Order of the Board was the annual Order providing minimum-wage rates for
employees in the mercantile industry during the Christmas season.
6. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 43 (1950).—This Order of the
Board consolidated and revised Orders Nos. 43 (1942) and 44 (1942) with respect
to the occupations of janitor and janitress where employed in apartment buildings.
The minimum-wage rates provided in this Order were increased approximately 10 per
cent over the rates in effect in the previous Orders.
7. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 44 (1950).—This Minimum
Wage Order was made to establish minimum wages and working conditions for janitors
and janitresses employed in buildings other than apartment buildings. These employees
had previously been covered by the provisions of Minimum Wage Orders Nos. 43
(1942) and 44 (1942), and unless they were employed in an industrial undertaking
covered by the " Hours of Work Act," there were no restrictions in connection with their
hours of work. The present Order now restricts the hours of work of janitors and janitresses employed in buildings other than apartment buildings to eight in the day and
forty-four in the week.
8. Female Minimum Wage Order No. 46k (1950).—This amendment to Order
No. 46 (1946) of the Board with respect to the fruit and vegetable industry provided
for the payment of a minimum of three hours' pay at the employee's regular rate if the
employee reported for work on the call of an employer. Prior to this amendment, the
employer was required to pay the employee only three hours' pay at the minimum wage
provided in the Order.
9. Male Minimum Wage Order No. 47b (1950).—This amendment to Order
No. 47 (1946) established the same daily-guarantee provision for male employees in
the fruit and vegetable industry as is provided for female employees. (Note.—See
Order No. 46a (1950) above.)
10. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 25k (1950).—This amendment
to Order No. 25 (1948) gave the Board .the necessary authority to waive the daily-
guarantee provisions of the Order applying to the manufacturing industry when the
Board found it expedient so to do.
11. Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 33 (1950).—This Order of the
Board consolidated and revised Order No. 33 (1940) and Order No. 60 of the Board
with respect to the taxicab industry. The Order was made Province-wide in its application, and also included the occupation of taxicab-dispatcher.   As a result of Regulation ■'      : ■   ■
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 45
No. 28b, the hours of work of taxicab-drivers were unrestricted, and accordingly the
Order makes provision for punitive overtime rates at time and one-half and double time
after certain hours have been worked.
Regulations
Regulation No. 32v, with respect to the construction industry. This regulation
permitted persons employed on the construction of the project known as the Peace River
Highway to work nine hours per day and fifty-four hours per week during the period
April 27th, 1950, to December 31st, 1950.
Regulation No. 34e, with respect to bartenders, waiters, and utility men employed
within premises covered by beer licences issued pursuant to the provisions of the " Government Liquor Act." Prior to this regulation being made, the Board had permitted,
only for certain periods, bartenders, waiters, and utility men to confine their working-
hours within thirteen hours immediately following the commencement of work. This
regulation is for an indefinite period, thus eliminating the necessity of making several
regulations during the year to cover the one condition.
Regulation No. 28b, with respect to the taxicab industry. For a number of years
the taxicab industry had been covered by Regulation No. 28a, which had restricted the
working-hours of taxicab-drivers. However, due to conditions in the industry, experience had shown that it was impractical to impose rigid control of the hours of work of
these employees. Accordingly, after a public hearing, the Board decided to cancel
Regulation No. 28a and remove the taxicab industry from the " Hours of Work Act,"
at the same time making a complementary Minimum Wage Order which provided for
the payment of multiple rates to taxicab drivers and dispatchers after certain hours had
been worked.
Christmas Regulation.—The usual Christmas regulation permitting employees in
the mercantile industry to work additional hours during the Christmas season was effective on December 22nd and 23rd, 1950.
(Summaries of the above-mentioned Orders and regulations, together with other
existing and new Orders and regulations made prior to this Report going to press, may
be found in the Appendix to this section of the Report.)
STATISTICS COVERING WOMEN AND GIRL EMPLOYEES
Since the inception of minimum-wage legislation, a section has been devoted to the
presentation of statistics in summary form covering the employment, earnings, and hours
worked by female workers in those occupations and industries for which Minimum Wage
Orders have been set by the Board.
Although the number of firms in this section reporting in time for classification in
the tables was down slightly from the greater coverage of the previous year, the over-all
reported employment increased to 62,306, as compared with a previous high of 61,874
women workers noted in 1949.
A comparative five-year record of employment, earnings, and hours worked by
female employees in various occupations and industries which come within the scope of
the minimum-wage legislation is set out in the following tables:—
Mercantile Industry (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week.
1,733
11,946
$334,995.00
$28.04
41.60
1,814
12,044
$293,381.00
$24.36
38.65
1,753
12,054
$275,928.00
$22.89
37.27
1,747
11,493
$228,446.00
$19.88
36.48
1,696
10,808
$197,691.08
$18.29
38.46 H 46
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
With fewer firms reporting in time for classification in the mercantile industry,
employment totals in this section were slightly below the level of the previous year, a
total of 11,946 female workers being reported for 1950, as compared with 12,044 in
1949.
Due to many large employers reporting the pre-Christmas week as their period of
greatest employment during 1950, upward fluctuations occurred in the average weekly
earnings and hours worked in this industry.
With a total of $334,995 paid to the 11,946 employees for the week reported, the
average per capita weekly earnings increased to $28.04 from $24.36 previously shown,
while the average working-hours as reported for the weekly period were computed at
41.60, compared with 38.65 noted in 1949.
Laundry, Cleaning and Dyeing Industries (Female)
1950
1949
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees ...
Total weekly earnings 	
Average weekly earnings— -
Average hours worked per week.
248
2,539
1,432.00
$27.35
39.95
266
2,552
$64,001.00
$25.08
39.33
1948
211
2,652
1,367.00
$22.01
38.67
1947
I
1946
206
2,881
$57,784.00
$20.06
38.23
176
2,285
$40,417.75
$17.69
39.01
Employment in laundry, cleaning and dyeing occupations remained almost
unchanged from the level of the previous year, a total of 2,539 workers being reported
for 1950, as compared with 2,552 in 1949.
Earnings continued to register gains in this industry, and with a total of $69,432
paid out in salaries and wages for the weekly period under review, the per capita average
weekly earnings rose to $27.35 for female workers in this classification, increased from
$25.08 recorded during the previous year.
A further slight increase was noted in the average weekly hours worked, the 1950
figure rising to 39.95, as against 39.33 previously reported.
Hotel and Catering Industry (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week
1,297
10,541
$252,163.00
$23.92
38.01
1,295
10,450
$239,239.00
$22.89
38.24
I
1,266
10,865
$236,981.00
$21.81
38.50
1,222
10,879
$216,965.00
$19.94
38.54
1,174
9,492
$175,484.81
$18.49
38.93
A total of 1,297 firms filing returns in the hotel and catering section reported some
10,541 female workers in occupations relating to this classification for 1950, this total
representing a slight increase over the 10,450 shown for 1949.
Total salaries and wages paid out for the weekly period amounted to $252,163,
increased from $239,239 covering a similar period in 1949, and representing average
individual weekly earnings of $23.92, compared with $22.89 shown for the previous year.
A fractional decrease was again noted in the average hours worked in this group,
the 1950 figure reaching a low of 38.01, compared with a weekly average of 38.24 hours
noted in 1949. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 47
Office Occupation (Female)
1                 I
1950         1         1949         I         1948
1                          1
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting	
3,333
17,059
$551,373.00
$32.32
38.43
3,468
17,137
$525,692.00
$30.68
38.65
3,405
15,721
$461,189.00
$29.34
38.47
3,349
15,368
$423,571.00
$27.56
39.09
3,261
14,296
$346 234 83
$24 22
Average hours worked per week —	
39.46
Employment for females continued to show its highest totals in the above classification. Although the 1950 figure did not quite exceed the high of 17,137 reached in
1949, the office occupation remains in top place as representing the greatest number of
female workers in industry and business.
With a total of $551,373 paid in salaries and wages for the weekly period under
review, the average weekly earnings for female office-workers increased to $32.32 from
$30.68 reported for the previous year.
Little variation occurred in the average hours worked in this group, a fractional
decrease being noted in the 1950 figure, which dropped to 38.43 from 38.65 previously
reported.
Personal Service Occupations (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
133
400
$11,857.00
$29.64
38.40
151
402
$10,637.00
$26.46
38.81
147
446
$10,942.00
$24.53
38.49
152
524
$11,830.00
$22.58
39.48
144
542
$11,435.30
Average weekly earnings   	
Average hours worked per week  	
$21.10
40.16
Included in the coverage of the above classification are female workers employed
as beauty-parlour operators, chiropodists, and those engaged in similar occupations of
personal service. Although many firms in this business are owner-operated and employ
no outside help, the survey has been limited to include only those establishments employing staff.
Employment in this occupation continued almost at the level of the previous year,
although a downward trend has been evident in the number of workers reported in this
section for the past few years. A total of 400 employees was noted for 1950, as compared with a previous year's figure of 402.
Earnings, however, continued upward in this group, the average weekly per capita
earnings amounting to $29.64 in 1950, substantially increased from $26.46 computed
for the previous year.
Little change was reported in the average hours worked in personal-service occupations, the average figure registering a fractional decrease to 38.40 in 1950, from 38.81
noted for 1949.
Fishing Industry (Female)
1
1950          1
1
1949
1948
1947
19461
1
25  |
1,709 1
$59,554.00
$34.85
39.04
1
28
1,610
$52,832.00
$32.81
40.56
26
1,650
$49,987.00
$30.30
36.20
22
2,129
$58,775.00
$27.61
37.84
20
774
$18,194.97
$23.51
37.49
1 1946 totals limited to selected cannery occupations only (see text). H 48
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Comparable figures in this classification are limited to the more recent years, inasmuch as prior to 1947 the totals were limited to a partial coverage of the occupations
to be found in this industry, omitting those cannery occupations which were at that time
outside the governing Order of the Board.
Seasonable fluctuations are common in this industry. During 1950 the week of
greatest employment as reported showed a total of 1,709 female workers, as against a
total of 1,610 during a peak period in 1949.
Earnings also increased considerably, the average weekly individual earnings
increasing to $34.85 for 1950, up from $32.81 reported for a similar weekly period
during the previous year.
The average weekly hours worked during the period reviewed were, however,
slightly below the 1949 level, being computed at 39.04, as compared with 40.56 reported
for the weekly average in 1949.
Telephone and Telegraph Occupation (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting...
Total number of employees-
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings-
Average hours worked per week..
231
3,391
$91,226.00
$26.90
38.92
203
2,999
$89,043.00
$29.69
40.07
179
2,956
$84,007.00
$28.42
40.58
154
2,679
S.205.00
$25.46
40.08
230
2,720
$61,895.57
$22.76
40.61
All establishments employing females in switchboard work and similar occupations
relating to the telephone and telegraph classification have been included in this section.
Expansion of communications throughout the Province has necessitated the employment
of increasing numbers of additional workers in the operation of the many switchboards
in central offices.
During 1950 some 231 firms reported a total of 3,391 female workers in occupations of this nature, this figure representing a sharp increase from the 2,999 employees
recorded for the previous year.
With additional employment noted in the larger companies, reduction of overtime
and shorter working-hours resulted in somewhat lower average earnings during the peak
week reported, the 1950 average decreasing to $26.90 from a high of $29.69 recorded
during 1949.
Relative decrease was, however, also shown in the average weekly working-hours,
which decreased to 38.92 from a figure of 40.07 reported for the peak period in 1949.
Manufacturing Industry (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting—
Total number of employees-
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings-
Average hours worked per week-
769
8,308
$256,282.00
$30.85
38.32
778
7,938
$230,328.00
$29.02
38.50
772
8,567
$234,410.00
$27.36
37.89
794
8,983
$216,668.00
$24.12
38.19
948
8,757
$189,535.49
$21.64
39.32
Increasing activity was noted in the manufacturing section, following a downward
trend generally apparent in this classification during the previous three years.
Although little change was noted in the number of firms reporting, an appreciable
increase in employment was recorded in 1950, the total during the peak period rising
to 8,308, compared with 7,938 shown for a similar week in 1949.
With a total of $256,282 paid out in salaries and wages for the week reported, the
average per capita weekly earnings were computed at $30.85, up from $29.02 noted
in 1949. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 49
The average weekly hours worked remained almost unchanged at 38.32, compared
with 3 8". 50 recorded for the previous year.
Fruit and Vegetable Industry (Female)
1
1950                  1949
1948
1947
1946
72                      82
5,791  |              6,120
$167,653.00 |    $203,615.00
$28.95 |             $33.27
41.89 j              45.79
1
71
5,950
$175,673.00
$29.52
43.59
85
5,940
$154,875.00
$26.07
40.20
72
Total number of employees	
Total weekly earnings	
5,245
$119,587.20
$22 80
Average hours worked per week —	
42.97
Following a period of record activity noted in this seasonal industry during 1949,
employment totals were somewhat lower in this section for a corresponding high week
in 1950.
A total employment of 5,791 female workers was reported by the 72 firms filing
returns in time for classification, this figure comparing with some 6,120 employees
reported in this group for 1949.
With a sharp drop noted in the average number of hours worked, the average
weekly earnings decreased to $28.95, from a high of $33.27 recorded for a similar period
during the previous year.
Due to seasonal variation of activity, fluctuation in the average working-hours in
this industry is not uncommon. Average weekly hours worked during 1950 were computed at 41.89, down from a high of 45.79 recorded during the peak period in 1949.
Transportation Industry (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting—
Total number of employees-
Total weekly earnings-
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week..
40
103
$2,523.00
$24.50
42.27
41
101
$2,571.00
$25.46
42.50
49
124
$3,003.00
$24.22
41.99
27
66
$1,272.00
$19.27
40.74
76
130
$2,065.96
$15.89
36.96
Female workers engaged in delivery, trucking, and messenger work are included
in the above table.
Some forty firms employing female workers in occupations of this nature reported
a total of 103 employees for the week reviewed, this total being almost unchanged from
the 1949 figure.
The average weekly earnings for this group were slightly below the previous year's
high, the 1950 average showing at $24.50, decreasing from $25.46 recorded for 1949.
A contributing factor in the lower average earnings for 1950 in this industry was
the shorter hours reported, the average working-time for the peak week declining to
42.27 hours from a figure of 42.50 noted for the previous year.
Public Places of Amusement (Female)
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
Number of firms reporting ...
Total number of employees-
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings-
Average hours worked per week-
97
519
$8,753.00
$16.87
27.60
94
521
$8,108.00
$15.56
26.50
105
543
!,129.00
$14.97
26.69
92
500
$6,788.00
$13.58
25.47
85
283
$2,960.63
$10.46
24.76 H 50
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Female workers included in this classification are those employed as theatre ushers,
check-room attendants, and similar occupations in connection with swimming-pools,
bowling-alleys, and other such public places of amusement.
Firms reporting and employment totals reported in this section remained almost
unchanged from the previous year's figures.
Due to the part-time nature of the occupations included in this group, the average
weekly hours worked and average weekly earnings are relatively lower than those in
other sections. The figures submitted herewith should therefore not be considered as
representative of a full week's work.
For the 519 female employees reported by the 97 firms included in this section for
1950, a total of $8,753 was paid out in salaries and wages, compared with a total of
$8,108 reported paid to an almost identical number during one week in 1949.
Average per capita weekly earnings on the basis of the actual hours worked increased
over the previous year to show a figure of $16.87 for 1950, as against an average of
$15.56 for a similar weekly period in 1949.
Increased earnings were in part due to the increase in weekly hours reported during
the week under review, the 1950 average rising to 27.60 from 26.50 recorded for the
previous year.
Summary of All Occupations (" Female Minimum Wage Act ")
1950
1949
1948
1947
Number of firms reporting 	
Total number of employees	
Total weekly earnings 	
Average weekly earnings 	
Average hours worked per week
7,978
62,306
$1,805,811.00
$28.98
39.30
8,220
61.874
$1,719,447.00
$27.79
39.32
7,984
61,528
$1,598,616.00
$25.98
38.61
7,850
61,442
51,445,179.00
$23.52
38.33
1946
7,882
55 332
$1,165,503.65
$21.06
39.42
Returns from some 7,978 firms are summarized in the above table for 1950, the
totals representing the actual employment of 62,306 female workers during one week
of greatest employment in the industries covered by the survey.
Although the number of firms reporting in time for tabulation was less than the
previous year, over-all employment of female workers continued to increase, the 1950
total rising to 62,306 from a previous figure of 61,874, to set a record high in the
summary totals of female workers under coverage of the " Female Minimum Wage Act."
Aggregate salaries and wages totalled $1,805,811 during one week of peak employment in 1950, as compared with $1,719,447 reported for a like period in 1949.
Covering all occupations included in the survey, the average weekly figure representing individual earnings for female workers increased to $28.98 in 1950, to set a
new high in the average for all females included in the tabulation and representing an
increase of $1.19 from the 1949 figure of $27.79.
Legal minimum rates as set for female workers by Orders of the Board, and in
effect during the 1950 survey, ranged from $17.60 in some industries to a high of $20.16
in one industry for a full week's work. It is therefore worthy of note that the average
weekly earnings of female workers in this Province, as mentioned in the preceding
paragraph, continue well above the highest minimum set by law.
During 1950 the average weekly hours worked by the 62,306 female employees
reported in the summary varied little from the average for the previous year, the computed average being recorded at 39.30, as compared with 39.32 hours covering a similar
weekly period in 1949.
The total of 62,306 employees shown in the above table is inclusive of only those
workers in industries and occupations for which Minimum Wage Orders have been set
by the Board.    Summary totals do not include domestic workers, farm-labourers, or REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 51
fruit-pickers, these occupations being excluded from the coverage of the provisions of
the " Female Minimum Wage Act." Bank employees and Federal workers are also
excluded from the coverage of the Provincial legislation.
Table Showing Comparative Relation of 1950 Earnings to Legal Minimum
Legal
Percentage
by Which
Number
Number
Total
Weekly
Payroll
Minimum
Actual
1950
Industry or Occupation
of
Firms
of
Employees
Weekly
Wage for
Average
Weekly
Average
Earnings
Reporting
Reported
Full-time
Earnings
Exceed
Employees
Legal
Minimum
1,733
11,946
$334,995
$18.00*
$28.04
55 78
Laundry   	
248
2,539
69,432
17.602
27.35
55.40
1,297
10,541
252,163
18.003
23.92
32.89
Office	
3,333
17,059
551,373
18.004
32.32
79.56
Personal service   	
133
400
11,857
20.003
29.64
48.20
Fishing- 	
25
1,709
59,554
19.20=
34.85
81.51
Telephone and telegraph  	
231
3,391
91,226
20.16=
26.90
33.43
Manufacturing —  	
769
8,308
256,282
17.602
30.85
75.28
72
5,791
167,653
17.60=
28.95
64.49
Transportation  	
40
103
2,523
(")
24.50
(•)
97
519
8,753
18.003
16.87?
(')
7,978
62,306
$1,805,811
$28.98
64.66
1 Thirty-nine to forty-four hours per week.
2 Forty-four hours per week.
3 Forty to forty-four hours per week.
4 Thirty-six to forty-four hours per week.
5 Forty-eight hours per week.
6 In the transportation industry it is impracticable to set a weekly rate, owing to the variation of minimum wages
in the Order, depending on whether the work is done on foot, on bicycles, by motor-cycles, or other types of motor-
vehicles.
7 Earnings represent partial week only.
All occupational classifications included in the 1950 survey are shown in the above
table, which sets out comparative data for each industry or occupation, showing the
total employment represented, together with the weekly amount of payroll. Actual
average weekly earnings recorded for each industry have been listed in relation to the
legal minimum wage established in each instance by the Board, the averages being
further expressed in terms of percentages in excess of the fixed rate. It is interesting to
note that the figure of $28.98, representing the average weekly earnings of females in
all occupations included in the survey, was 64.66 per cent in excess of the lowest legal
minimum shown in the table.
STATISTICAL SUMMARY—HOSPITAL-WORKERS  (FEMALE)
A sample survey of female workers in hospitals and nursing homes was again taken
for 1950. Based on returns received from 82 public and private hospitals, nursing and
rest homes reporting to the Department of Labour for the year 1950, the following
summary shows by occupational classification the employment totals, weekly earnings,
and hours worked by some 3,637 female workers reported on the payrolls during the
week of greatest employment.   Nursing staffs were not included in the survey.
With few exceptions, the totals appearing in the following table have already been
incorporated with identical classifications dealt with elsewhere in this Report, so that
the figures should not be considered as being in addition to the totals reported in the
main summary of female workers, but rather here segregated for separate study, together
with additional occupations found only in this section:— H 52
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Occupational Classification
Number
Employed
Total
Weekly
Earnings
Average
Weekly
Earnings
Average
Weekly
Hours
Mercantile.
Laundry-
Housekeeping and catering-
Office 	
Personal service	
Telephone and telegraph-
Manufacturing _
Nurses' aids (inclusive of ward-aids, nursery-aids, etc.)	
Technicians (inclusive of X-ray and laboratory technicians).
Physiotherapists.
1
479
1,743
491
12
73
33
614
186
5
$43.00
12,230.00
44,511.00
15,993.00
348.00
2,111.00
867.00
15,869.00
7,835.00
212.00
$43.00
25.53
25.54
32.57
29.00
28.92
26.27
25.85
42.12
42.40
44.0
39.2
40.7
40.1
41.1
37.1
42.3
41.7
43.3
41.8
All occupations.-
3,637
$100,019.00
$27.50
I
40.7
A total employment of 3,637 female workers, exclusive of nursing staff, was
reported by the 82 hospitals and nursing homes completing returns in time for classification in the above table.
A group classification of the female workers by occupation shows only one employee
engaged in mercantile work within the hospital section, this employee receiving $43 for
a forty-four-hour week. Laundry-workers numbered 479, this group receiving an
average wage of $25.53 for the week under review. In the housekeeping and catering
section, some 1,743 employees were reported, the average weekly earnings for this
classification being $25.54. Office-workers totalled 491, this occupation earning an
average salary of $32.57 per week. Personal-service workers numbered 12, these
employees receiving an average of $29 for the week reported. Female employees engaged
in switchboard occupations under the telephone and telegraph classification numbered
73, this group being paid an average weekly wage of $28.92. Workers engaged in
manufacturing occupations numbered 33, their average earnings being computed at
$26.27 for the week. Second largest classification next to the housekeeping and catering
employees were the nurses' aids, this section totalling some 614 workers, whose average
weekly individual earnings were $25.85 during the period reviewed. Technicians
reported numbered 186, this group including X-ray and laboratory workers, whose
average weekly earnings were computed at $42.12. A group of 5 physiotherapists was
reported as averaging $42.40 per week.
Average weekly earnings for the total 3,637 female employees reported in all hospital
occupations, exclusive of nursing staff, was $27.50, the average working-week for all
workers being computed at 40.7 hours.
STATISTICS FOR MALE EMPLOYEES
While it is not possible to obtain from the general-summary tables in this Report
a separate segregation of each occupation for which a Minimum Wage Order has been
set by the Board, the following section is devoted to some of the more important
occupational groups within the coverage of the " Male Minimum Wage Act," and for
which separate tables have been prepared.
The selected occupations here shown will provide a comparative study covering
male workers in some of the more important industrial employment groups during the
past four years, the totals being based on reports covering one week of 1950, during the
period of greatest employment. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
Baking Industry (Male)
h 53
Number of firms reporting 	
Total number of male wage-earners..
Total weekly earnings-
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week.
1950
181
1,333
$61,022.00
$45.78
40.46
1949
195
1,386
$61,505.00
$44.38
40.49
1948
197
1,302
$54,987.50
$42.23
40.56
1947
203
1,443
$54,730.50
$37.93
40.91
Construction (Male)
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of male wage-earners .
Total weekly earnings-
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week.
2,220
30,651
$1,641,903.00
$53.57
41.49
2,193
33,157
$1,689,947.50
$50.97
41.90
2,078
32,315
$1,558,468.50
$48.23
41.15
1,978
29,077
$1,252,717.00
$43.08
41.36
Fruit
and Vegetable Industry (Male)
93
3,088
$131,456.50
$42.57
46.33
97
3,009
$135,553.00
$45.05
47.98
97
2,744
$113,192.00
$41.25
47.21
97
Total number of male wage-earners 	
3,528
$133,229.50
Average weekly earnings 	
Average hours worked per week—    	
$37.76
46.41
House Furnishings (Male)
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of male wage-earners..
Total weekly earnings 	
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week-
136
1,502
$62,982.50
$41.93
40.29
132
1,511
$64,083.00
$42.41
40.21
137
1,635
$63,878.50
$39.07
39.59
138
1,721
$60,269.50
$35.02
39.94
Logging (Male)
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of male wage-earners.
Total weekly earnings..
Average weekly earnings —
Average hours worked per week-
1,091
19,981
$1,197,147.50
$59.91
41.57
858
16,682
$935,977.00
$56.11
41.66
893
18,838
$1,026,033.00
$54.47
41.96
952
19,712
$1,029,238.00
$52.21
41.55
Painting and Paperhanging (Male)
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of male wage-earners..
Total weekly earnings.- 	
Average weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week-
191
1,048
$56,942.50
$54.33
40.11
193
1,179
$58,594.00
$49.70
40.09
192
1,151
$53,051.50
$46.09
40.30
190
1,297
$55,232.50
$42.58
40.27
Plumbing and
Heating Industry (Male)
266
1,888
$101,114.50
$53.56
40.67
249
1,782
$91,174.50
$51.16
40.27
218
1,755
$84,799.50
$48.32
40.65
200
Total number of male wage-earners	
1,528
$65,081.50
$42.59
Sawmills (Male)
749
22,496
$1,171,475.50
$52.07
41.15
653
19,781
$944,062.00
$47.73
41.02
726
20,360
$932,133.00
$45.78
41.23
744
18,690
$794,594.50
$42.51
41.25
Total weekly earnings	
Average hours worked per week	 H 54
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Sheet-metal Industry (Male)
1950
1949
1948
1947
81
1,016
$52,193.50
$51.37
40.14
79
965
$46,477.50
$48.16
39.86
72
982
$45,485.50
$46.32
40.09
73
Total number of male wage-earners  	
977
$38,574.50
$39.48
44.06
Shingle-mills (Male)
Number of firms reporting... 	
Total number of male wage-earners
Total weekly earnings	
Average weekly earnings _	
Average hours worked per week	
59
47
62
58
3,330
2,151
3,455
2,198
187,175.50
$116,861.50
$180,001.00
$105,050.50
$56.21
$54.33
$52.10
$47.79
39.83
39.71
39.69
40.40
Ship-building and Boat-building (Male)
76
2,980
$156,996.00
72
3,739
$199,549.00
$53.37
39.55
82
6,144
$299,772.50
$48.79
39.64
73
Total number of male wage-earners —
6,715
$316,254.00
Average weekly earnings —     .   	
$52.68
40.21
$47.10
39.46
Wood-manufacturing (N.E.S.) (Male)
217
217
5,295
$233,326.00
$44.07
39.20
189
5,087
$225,204.50
$44.27
39.72
194
Total number of male wage-earners _ —  	
5,067
$247,366.00
$43.82
40.16
5,497
$216,164.50
$39.32
39.78
Average weekly earnings -	
Average hours worked per week 	
INSPECTIONS AND WAGE ADJUSTMENTS
Through the efforts of the Inspectors of the Department and co-operation of the
employers, collections made during 1950 amounted to $95,163.04. As certain employees
exercised their civil rights under the Male and Female Minimum Wage Acts through the
Courts without coming to the Board, it may be presumed that the amount of money
paid to employees as a result of legislation administered by this Department is considerably
in excess of that recorded in the following table :•—■
Comparison of Inspections and Wage Adjustments
1946
1947
1948
1949
1950
8,113
13
101
184
$7,615.52
129
249
$3,051.72
13,912
17
240
477
$34,334.31
294
538
$10,923.81
18,699
20
354
871
$45,658.00
175
491
$7,579.01
17,437
20
586
1,642
$92,745.40
198
344
$6,995.38
18,421
" Male Minimum Wage Act "—
547
$25,544.49
132
" Female Minimum Wage Act "—
208
$5,150.03
351
" Semi-monthly Payment of Wages Act "—x
1
51
$573.05
$11,240.29
$41,603.43
807
2,288
$22,865.09
$95,163.04
"Annual Holidays Act "—
949
5,362
$39,649.24
$84,907.36
1,293
7,162
$56,152.54
$109,389.55
865
3,295
$32,377.45
$132,118.23
1 Figures covering the
years previous to 1950.
Semi-monthly Payment of Wages Act" were included under the Minimum Wage Acts for REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
COURT CASES
H 55
When employers fail to co-operate with the Department in the matter of compliance
with the provisions of the Orders and regulations of the Board, it is necessary to resort
to the Courts in order that the necessary compliance with the legislation will be obtained.
A summary of Court cases during the year 1950 follows.
"Annual Holidays with Pay Act "
Name of Employer
Charge
Sentence and Remarks
Frank  Taylor   (Taylor-Made Homes),   3095
Failure  to
pay
holiday
pay
to
Suspended sentence;   arrears ordered.
Seventh Ave. E., Vancouver
employee
Lynd  Marine Ltd., foot of Broughton St.,
Failure  to
pav
holiday
pay
to
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Vancouver
employees
Suburban Taxicabs Ltd., 5425 W. Boulevard,
Failure   to
pav
holiday
pay
to
Fined $25;   arrears ordered on one
Vancouver
employees
charge and one charge withdrawn
as witness could not be located.
Village   Delicatessen   (B.   E.   Brady),  2523
Failure  to
pay
holiday
pay
to
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Granville St., Vancouver
employee
Electrometals Ltd., 1959 Pandora, Vancouver
Failure   to
employees
pay
holiday
pay
to
Fined $25; arrears ordered and suspended sentence on three charges.
A.G.A. Construction Co., Ltd., 1285 Marine
Failure   to
pay
holiday
pay
to
Suspended sentence;   arrears ordered.
Dr., Vancouver
employee
Joncas Upholstering,Co., 683 Hastings St. E.,
Failure   to
pay
holiday
pay
to
Suspended sentence;  arrears ordered.
Vancouver
employee
Female Minimum Wage Act "
H. J. Cruickshank, Sidney.
Failure   to   pay   overtime  to   employee
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
" Hours of Work Act "
Topper Cafe, 741 Yates St., Victoria .
Magnus Martin, Cobble Hill 	
Failure to keep a true and correct
record of hours worked by employee
Failure to keep true and correct
record of hours worked by employee
I
Fined $10.
Fined $100 and costs.
" Male Minimum Wage Act
George Randall, 1309 Douglas St., Victoria
Failure to pay minimum wage to
employee
Charge  withdrawn  when  arrears  of
wages paid before Court held.
" Semi-monthly Payment of Wages Act "
Frank Taylor (Taylor-Made Homes), 3095
Seventh Ave. E., Vancouver
Noel Robinson, 193 Hastings St. E., Vancouver
Robert Graf, Bull River	
H. W. Firth, Prince George
Cove Cliffe Sawmills Ltd. (Arnold Rasmus-
sen), Dollarton Highway, North Vancouver
Edvin Hoglund, 205 Fifteenth Ave. W., Vancouver
Lynd Marine Ltd., foot of Broughton St.,
Vancouver
B. P. Casorso, Kelowna ..  	
J. D. Stickle, Swan Lake, Vernon _
Reston  Electric,   1695  Pine  Crescent,  Vancouver
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Fined $25 and costs; suspended sentence;   arrears ordered.
Fined $125;   arrears ordered.
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Convicted; appealed and appeal upheld.
Suspended sentence; arrears paid
before Court held.
Fined $125;   arrears ordered.
Fined $25; suspended sentence;
arrears ordered; one charge dismissed.
Fined $125 and costs and witness
fees; arrears ordered; two charges
dismissed and seven suspended sentences.
Suspended sentence; paid Court costs;
arrears paid before Court held. H 56
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
"Semi-monthly Payment of Wages Act "—Continued
Name of Employer
Charge
Sentence and Remarks
Joncas Upholstering Co., 1214 Pender St. E.,
Vancouver
Ross Carlson, 1212 Granville St., Vancouver
Acme Lumber Co. (E. A. Rick), Burns Lake
John Remple,  Colquitz  (Victoria) 	
Jahren Sawmills Ltd., Beaton.
Village  Delicatessen   (B.  E.  Brady),  2523
Granville St., Vancouver
Jornell Motors, 1285 Nanaimo St., Vancouver
Joseph Domingo Silvey, Reid Island _	
Electrometals Co., 1959 Pandora, Vancouver
A.G.A. Construction Co. Ltd., 1285 Marine
Dr., North Vancouver
O. & R. States, Langley Municipality	
Joncas Upholstering Co., 683 Hastings St. E.,
Vancouver
William McBay, 317 Simcoe St., Victoria	
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employees
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employee
Failure to pay wages to employee
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Fined $25; arrears ordered; suspended sentence on three charges.
Fined $50 plus costs;   arrears ordered.
Employer failed to appear in Court,
bench warrant issued for his arrest.
Fined $25 and costs; arrears paid
before Court held; one charge
withdrawn.
Suspended sentence;   arrears ordered.
Fined $50;  arrears ordered.
One charge appealed and appeal upheld;  one charge dismissed.
Fined $25; arrears ordered; suspended sentence on three charges.
Arrears ordered forthwith; suspended
sentence.
Charge dismissed.
Fined $25;   arrears ordered.
Adjourned to Jan. 10, 1951.
SPECIAL LICENCES
Provision is made in the majority of the Orders of the Board for a graduated scale
of wages that apply to inexperienced employees for whose employment permits in writing
have been obtained from the Board. In the majority of cases there is a six months'
learning-period for inexperienced employees, during which period they received periodic
increases until at the expiration of the learning-period they are qualified for the minimum
wage payable to experienced employees. The following table shows the number of
licences issued in the various lines of work in 1950,1949,1948,1947,1946, and 1945:—
1950
1949
1948
1947
1946
1945
8
105
27
27
60
66
2
6
7
3
6
47
22
41
40
136
2
10
17
81
66
61
190
2
~~6
34
245
173
231
357
21
"218
272
270
345
153
1
6
16
Office                         ._         	
26
43
Practical nurse (students)  —             — .
Manufacturing  	
125
Automotive repair and gasoline service-station	
	
Totals                        .        .         .    .     .
308
297
427
1,067
1,258
217
During the year 1950, 413 part-time employment permits were issued.
CONCLUSION
Before concluding this report, the Board would like to express its appreciation to all
those persons who have assisted the Board in its work during the year, and extend to the
officials of the Department and the employers and employees of the Province its thanks
for their co-operation during the year 1950.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servants,
James Thomson, Chairman.
Christopher John McDowell.
Fraudena Eaton.
J. A. Ward Bell.
H. Douglas. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 57
APPENDIX
(Compiled May 31st, 1951)
SUMMARY OF ORDERS MADE PURSUANT TO " MALE MINIMUM
WAGE ACT " AND " FEMALE MINIMUM WAGE ACT "
APPRENTICES INDENTURED UNDER THE "APPRENTICESHIP ACT "
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 2 (1946) *
Effective July 1st, 1946
Minimum wages fixed by any Order of the Board shall not apply to apprentices indentured under
"Apprenticeship Act."
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 2a (1947).
AUTOMOTIVE REPAIR AND GASOLINE SERVICE-STATION INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 6 (1948)*
Effective May 1st, 1948
" Automotive repair and gasoline service-station industry " means all operations in the construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, overhaul, painting, or reconditioning of any vehicle powered
by an internal-combustion engine, or any part thereof, and the business of operating retail gasoline
service-stations, gasoline-pumps, or outlets where gasoline is offered for sale at retail, including services
and undertakings incidental thereto.
"Automotive mechanic " means any employee doing the work usually done by journeymen, and
without restricting the generality of the foregoing, the work of mechanics, machinists, metal-men,
painters, electricians, radiator-men, battery-men, body-men, forgers, vulcanizers, trimmers, and
welders.
" Other employees " means all other employees, except automobile salesmen, office employees,
watchmen, and janitors.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every employee in the automotive repair and
gasoline service-station industry, except automobile salesmen, office employees, watchmen, and janitors.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Automotive mechanics-
Other employees.
Learners, parts departments-
First two months	
Second two months.
Third two months...
Thereafter	
(Permits required to employ learners at above rates.)
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act "
or  section  6  of the  " Female  Minimum  Wage   Act"   for   whose
employment permits in writing have been issued by the Board 	
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and
44 hours in week (permits required from the Board to work overtime)
90c.
55c.
40c.
45c.
50c.
55c.
Rate as set in permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
44
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Employees working under arrangements with respect to hours of work established pursuant to section 5
or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act" until the employee has completed the
hours so established:
(6) Persons who are exempt from the provisions of section 3 of the " Hours of Work Act" pursuant to the
provisions of section 4 of the said Act.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 6a (1950). H 58
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at
employee's regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(10) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(11) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(12) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columb'a, 1948."
BAKING INDUSTRY*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 17 (1942)
Effective July 20th, 1942, Superseding Order No. 17
" Baking industry " includes all operations in or incidental to the manufacture of bread, biscuits,
cakes, doughnuts, pies, and similar products.
Occupation
Bakers—
21 years of age and over ..-■ 	
Under 18 years of age        	
18 years and under 19 years	
19 years and under 20 years  —
20 years and under 21 years   _
At least 85% of employees to get not less than
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
48c.
44
24c.
44
30c.
44
36c.
44
42c.
44
48c.
44
Note.—(1) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(2) Delivery salesmen (see Transportation Order).
(3) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(4) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946.
BARBERING
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 42 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 42
" Occupation of bartering " means the work of persons engaged in the shaving of the face or
cutting or trimming or singeing of the hair or beard for hire, gain, or hope of reward, or in connection
with any of the foregoing the shampooing or massaging or the treating of the head or face.
" Class A employees," those working from 40 to 44 hours.
" Class B employees," those working less than 40 hours.
Rate
Hours
Class A employees
Class B employees..
Employees classified under section 7 of
working under permit
Male Minimum Wage Act'
$25.00 a week
65c. per hour
(See note (2) re daily
guarantee.)
As prescribed in the
permit
40-44 per week.
Less than 40 per week.
Not more than 44 per
week.
Note.—(1) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(2) Employee reporting for work on call of employer and not starting work to be paid for entire period spent at
place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour
daily guarantee according to respective hourly rates of Class B employees.
(3) Copy of Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" section number referred to in this Order is as it appears in the " Revised Statutes
of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 59
BOX-MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 55 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 55 (1943)
" Box-manufacturing industry " means all operations in establishments operated for the purpose
of making wooden boxes, box-shooks, barrels, barrel staves and heads, kegs, casks, tierces, pails, and
other wooden containers.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in the box-
manufacturing industry, except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining
their work.
Hourly Rate
Hours per Week
i of total employees.
Rate payable to at least I
Rate payable to balance, 20% (inclusive of employees in respect of whom
a permit in writing has been obtained)    .1...
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act "
and section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act"  for whose
employment permits in writing are issued by the Board
Overtime:   Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day or 44
hours in week (permits to be obtained from the Board to work such
overtime)
50c.
40c.
Rate as prescribed in
permit
One and one-half times
regular rate of pay.
44
44
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons holding positions of supervision or management as defined in section 4 of the " Hours of Work
Act":
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the
provisions of sections 5 and 11 of the " Hours of Work Act" until the employee has completed the hours
so established.
(2) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Every employer shall post and keep posted in a conspicuous place in his establishment:—
(a) Copy of this Order:
(6) A schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his
employees.
(4) Records of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English language of names,
ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(5) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(6) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(7) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The "Male Minimum Wage Act" and "Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
BUS-DRIVERS*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 70
Effective March 18th, 1940, Superseding Order No. 31
Includes every employee in charge of or driving a motor-vehicle with seating accommodation
for more than seven (7) passengers used for the conveyance of the public for which service a charge
is made.
Area
Hourly Rate
Hours
60c.
66c.
90c.
40 to 50.
Less than 40.
In excess of 9 hours in
any one day or 50
hours   in   any   one
week.
Note.—(1) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(2)  "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. H 60 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
BUS-DRIVERS
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 70a
Effective June 27th, 1940
Provides that the minimum wage mentioned in Order No. 70 shall apply to the time of a bus-
driver while on duty and waiting on call, and shall include all the time occupied by a bus-driver from
the time he reports at his employer's headquarters or garage for duty until he returns again to his
employer's headquarters or garage where he originally reported for duty; and shall include the time
occupied by a bus-driver in dead-heading from his employer's headquarters or garage to the place
where he is to take charge of the bus and vice versa; but the minimum wage shall not apply to
waiting time of a bus-driver when occupied on special trips, charter trips, excursions, and overloads.
BUS-DRIVERS*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 76
Effective September 28th, 1942
" Bus-driver " means every female employee in charge of or driving a motor-vehicle with seating
accommodation for more than seven (7) passengers used for the conveyance of the public, for which
service a charge is made.
Area
Hourly Rate
Hours
City of Vancouver, together with all that area known as Point Grey
which lies to the west of the westerly boundary of the City of Vancouver;   the City of New Westminster;   the Corporation of The
Township of Richmond; the Municipality of the District of Burnaby;
Municipality of the District of West Vancouver;   the City of North
60c.
66c.
40 to 48.
Less than 40.
Note.—(1) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(2) Employees required by employer to wait on call shall be paid for waiting time.
(3) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) Rest period of 24 consecutive hours from midnight to midnight in each calendar week shall be given to
employees.
(5) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(6) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
"As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946.
CARPENTRY TRADE
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 58 (1947)
Effective August 4th, 1947, Superseding Orders Nos. 58, 65, 66, 72, 73
" Carpentry trade " means and includes all work usually done by carpenters in connection with
the construction and erection of any new building or structure or part thereof, and the remodelling,
alteration, or repairing of any existing building or structure or part therof.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours Not
to Exceed
90c.
44
Note.—(1) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(2) Does not apply to employees permanently employed at maintenance-work, or employees covered by another
Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
(3) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay after 8 hours per day and 44 hours per week.   Permits to be
obtained from the Board to work such overtime.
(5) Copy of Order to be posted.
(6) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(7) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(8) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 61
CHRISTMAS-TREE INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 68 (1947)
Effective May 15th, 1947, Superseding Order No. 68 (1943)
' Christmas-tree industry " means all operations in or incidental to the cutting, gathering, hauling,
and shipping of evergreen trees to be used for decorative purposes.
Hourly Rate
Hours per Week
50c.
44
Note.—(1) This Order shall not apply to:—
(a) Employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work:
(6) Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act" or section 6 of the " Female
Minimum Wage Act" for whose employment permits in writing are issued by the Board:
(c) Employees whose employment is determined by the Board to come under the provisions of section 4 of
the " Hours of Work Act."
(2) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each of his employees to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English language of names,
ages, occupations, and residential addresses of employees.
(6) Record to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 12 (1940)
Effective November 28th, 1940, Superseding Order No. 12, Order No. 12k,
Order No. '2b, Order No. 45, Order No. 45k, and Order No. 48
" Construction industry " includes construction, reconstruction, repair, alteration, or demolition
of any building, railway, tramway, harbour, dock, pier, canal, inland waterway, road, tunnel, bridge,
viaduct, sewer, drain, well, telegraphic or telephonic installation, electrical undertaking, gaswork,
waterways, or other work of construction, as well as the preparation for, or laying, the foundations
of any such work or structure.
Area
Hourly Rate,
21 Years and
Over
Hourly Rate,
Under 21 Years
Hours per
Week
The City of Vancouver, together with all that area known as Point
Grey which lies to the west of the westerly boundary of the City
of Vancouver;   the City of Victoria;   the City of New Westminster;   the City of Nanaimo;   the City of Prince Rupert;   the
Municipality of the Township of Esquimalt;   the Municipality
of the District of Oak Bay;  the Municipality of the District of
Saanich;   Municipality of the District of West Vancouver;   the
Municipality of the District of Burnaby;   and the Municipality
54c.
48c.
42c.
36c.
44
44
Note.—(1) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(2) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. H 62 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
COOK- AND BUNK-HOUSE OCCUPATION
(In Unorganized Territory)
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 4 (1946)
Effective July 8th, 1946
" Cook- and bunk-house occupation " means any work performed by any male or female
employee in or incidental to operation of any kitchen, dining-room, cook-house, bunk-house, or
recreation-room operated in connection with any industrial undertaking in unorganized territory, and
without limiting the generality of the foregoing description means the work of cooks, dish-washers,
waiters, bunk-house and recreation-room attendants, and others employed in a similar capacity.
Hourly rate:   50c, except to employees working under permit under section 7 of "Male Minimum
Wage Act " or section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage Act," wage prescribed by permit.
Hours:   Unlimited.
Note.—(1) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(2) No charge or deductions for accidental breakages.
(3) Copy of Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) This Order is not effective within the following cities, districts, and villages:—
Cities.—Alberni, Armstrong, Chilliwack, Courtenay, Cranbrook, Cumberland, Duncan, Enderby, Fernie, Grand
Forks, Greenwood, Kamloops, Kaslo, Kelowna, Kimberley, Ladysmith, Merritt, Nanaimo, Nelson, New
Westminster, North Vancouver, Port Alberni, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Prince George, Prince
Rupert, Revelstoke, Rossland, Salmon Arm, Slocan, Trail, Vancouver, Vernon, Victoria.
Districts.—Burnaby, Chilliwhack, Coldstream, Coquitlam, Delta, Esquimau, Fraser Mills, Glenmore, Kent,
Langley, Maple Ridge, Matsqui, Mission, North Cowichan, North Vancouver, Oak Bay, Peachland,
Penticton, Pitt Meadows, Richmond, Saanich, Salmon Arm, Spallumcheen, Sumas, Summerland, Surrey,
Tadanac, West Vancouver.
Villages.—Abbotsford, Alert Bay, Burns Lake, Chapman Camp, Comox, Cranberry Lake, Creston, Dawson
Creek, Gibsons Landing, Hope, Lake Cowichan, Lytton, McBride, Mission, New Denver, Oliver, Osoyoos,
Parksville, Pouce Coupe, Qualicum Beach, Quesnel, Silverton, Smithers, Stewart, Terrace, Tofino,
Vanderhoof, Westview, Williams Lake.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 63
DRIVERS, SWAMPERS OR HELPERS IN THE TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY*
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 9 (1948)
Effective September 13th, 1948, Superseding Parts of Transportation Orders
" Transportation industry " means:—
(a) The carrying or transporting for reward by motor-vehicle of any goods, wares,
merchandise, article, articles, or material the property of persons other than the carrier,
and the carrying or delivering to or collecting from any other carrier of goods for the
purpose of being further transported to some destination other than the place at which
such aforementioned carriage or delivery terminates;  and
(b) The carrying or delivering of goods, wares, merchandise, article, articles, or material
by or on behalf of any wholesale, retail, private, or public vendor thereof, or dealer
therein, but shall not include the carrying or delivering of goods, wares, merchandise,
article, articles, or material by any wholesale, retail, private, or public vendor thereof,
or dealer therein, by any motor-vehicle of factory rating of 1,000 lb. or less.
This Order applies to every employer and every male and female employee in the transportation
industry, as defined herein, employed as drivers, swampers or helpers, except drivers of vehicles: —
(a) Designed, constructed, and used primarily for transportation therein of passengers;  and
(b) Employed in the laundry, cleaning, and dyeing industries; the delivery of milk, bread,
and non-alcoholic bottled beverages.
Hourly Rate
Drivers, swampers or helpers .
Overtime
Employees working in excess of 8V2 hours in any one day.	
Employees working in excess of 11 hours per day   	
Employees working in excess of 47 hours in any one week   	
75c.
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay for
the first 2V2 hours,
or part thereof.
Double the employee's
regular rate of pay.
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
Note.—(1) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly,
(2) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(3) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names,
ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(4) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(5) Employees waiting on call to be paid at above rates.
(6) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime provisions.
(7) Where vehicle is provided by employee, all reasonable costs while vehicle is in use on employer's behalf shall
be in addition to above rates.
(8) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(9) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(10) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
*~ks amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Orders Nos. 9a (1948) and 9b (1950). H 64 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
ELEVATOR OPERATORS AND STARTERS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 53 (1949)
Effective January 31st, 1949, Superseding Orders Nos. 53 and 54
Includes every male and female operator and starter.
yiVi to 44 Hours per Week
Less Than 3714 Hours per Week
$18.00 per week.
50c. per hour.
(See note (5) re daily guarantee.)
Note.—(1) Full week's board of 21 meals, $4 per week.
(2) Individual meals, 28c. each.
(3) Board charges may be deducted only when meals are partaken of by the employee.
(4) Full week's lodging of 7 days, $2 per week.
(5) Employee reporting for work on the call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work,
with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate. Employee commencing work in response
to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at employee's regular rate of pay.
(6) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(7) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(8) The Board may order seat or chair to be furnished the employee.
(9) Employees must be given 32 consecutive hours' rest in each calendar week.
(10) Wage Order and schedule of daily shifts must be posted.
(11) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(12) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
ENGINEERS, STATIONARY STEAM*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 18 (1942)
Effective September 21st, 1942, Superseding Orders Nos. 18, 18k, 18b, and 18c
"Stationary steam engineer" means every employee engaged in producing steam in a steam
plant under the authority of a certificate of competency, or who is in charge of, or responsible for,
any steam boiler or engine while under steam-pressure or in motion. " Special engineer " means
holder of a special or temporary certificate.   (See " Boiler Inspection Act," section 28 (1).)
Occupation Hourly Rate Hours per Week
Engineer  60c. 44
Engineer, special    48c. 44
Note.—(1) Where engineers do not come within the provisions of the "Hours of Work Act," 44 hours per week
may be exceeded but hourly rate must be paid.
(2) For engineers in apartment buildings see Janitors' Order.
(3) Engineers employed in a plant which does not require a certificate of competency shall be paid 48 cents
per hour.
(4) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 65
FIRST-AID ATTENDANTS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 39 (1948)
Effective May 31st, 1948
" First-aid attendant " means every employee employed in whole or in part as a first-aid attendant
who is in possession of an industrial first-aid certificate and is designated by his employer as the
first-aid attendant in charge, pursuant to the provisions of the " Workmen's Compensation Act" of
British Columbia.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
75c.
(See note (7) re
daily guarantee.)
Time   and  one-half of
the  employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Overtime:   First-aid attendants working in excess of 8 hours in any one
day and 44 hours in week  (permits required from the Board to
work overtime)
Note.—(1) Overtime rates of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) First-aid attendants working under arrangements with respect to hours of work established pursuant to
section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act" until the first-aid attendant
has completed the hours so established:
(b) Persons who are exempt from the provisions of section 3 of the " Hours of Work Act " pursuant to the
provisions of section 4 of the said Act:
(c) First-aid attendants while employed making shingle-bolts, or as emergency fire-fighters, or regularly
employed as boom-men or boat-men; and first-aid attendants covered by the Order of the Board establishing a minimum wage in the cook- and bunk-house occupation in unorganized territory.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employees reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at
employee's regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) If a higher minimum wage has been fixed for any other occupation in which the first-aid attendant is employed
in addition to his first-aid duties, such first-aid attendant shall be paid the higher minimum wage so fixed.
(10) Actual expenses and transportation costs, in addition to the minimum wage, must be paid any first-aid
attendant while attending a patient being conveyed to the office of a medical practitioner, hospital, or other destination.
(11) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(12) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
FISHING INDUSTRY*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 78
Effective May 3rd, 1943, Superseding Order in Effect since February 28th, 1920
" Fishing industry " means the work of females engaged in the washing, preparing, preserving,
canning, drying, curing, smoking, packing, labelling and reconditioning of containers, or otherwise
adapting for sale or use or for shipment any kind of fish or shell-fish.
Hourly Rate
i
40c.
40c. thereafter.
Note.—(1) Above rates do not apply to employees engaged in heading and filling.
(2) Licences shall be obtained from the Board by the employer to employ learners of any age below 40c. per hour.
(3) Employees shall be paid when waiting on call at the request of the employer.
(4) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(5) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(6) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. H 66                                                 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 46 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 46 (1942)
" Fruit and vegetable industry " means all operations in establishments operated for the purpose
of canning, preserving, drying, or packing any kind of fresh fruit or vegetable.
Hourly Rate
Daily Hours
June 1st to November 30th, Inclusive
Rate payable to at least 90% of female employees	
40c.
35c.
Time and one-half regular rate
Double regular rate    ...   .
40c.
35c.
Time and one-half regular rate
In excess of 9 to 11,
inclusive.
Over 11.
8
8
In excess of 8  daily
and 44 weekly.
December 1st to May 31st, Inclusive
Overtime   (permits   required   to   work   overtime   during   this
period)
Note.—(1) After 5 hours' continuous employment, employees shall have 1 hour free from duty, unless shorter
period approved by Board on request of at least 75% of employees.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted during period December 1st to May 31st.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Daily guarantee of three hours' pay at the employee's regular rate.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by Female Minimum Wage Order No. 46a (1950).
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 47 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 47 (1942)
" Fruit and vegetable industry " means all operations in establishments operated for the purpose
of canning, preserving, drying, or packing any kind of fresh fruit or vegetable.
Hourly Rate
Daily Hours
June 1st to November 30th, Inclusive
Rate payable to at least 85% of male employees  	
48c.
38c.
Time and one-half regular rate
In excess of 9 to 11,
inclusive.
Over 11.
8
8
In  excess of 8  daily
and 44 weekly.
Overtime   	
December 1st to May 31st, Inclusive
48c.
38c.
Time and one-half regular rate
Rate payable to balance of male employees  	
Overtime   (permits   required   to   work   overtime   during   this
period)
Note.—(1) After 5 hours' continuous employment, emplo
period approved by Board on request of at least 75% of emplo
(2) Order does not apply to employees covered by another
to persons holding positions of supervision or management as d
(3) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) Copy of Order to be posted.
(5) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to
(6) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(7) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(8) Daily guarantee of three hours' pay at the employee's i
(9) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
yees shall have 1 hour free from duty, unless shorter
yees.
Order of the Board specifically defining their work or
;fined by section 4 of the " Hours of Work Act."
be posted during period December 1st to May 31st.
kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
egular rate.
* As amended by Male Minimum Wage Orders Nos. 47a (1
S46) and 47b (1950). REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 67
GRASS-DEHYDRATION INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 14 (1949)
Effective June 2nd, 1949
" Grass-dehydration industry " means all operations in establishments operated for the purpose
of dehydrating or processing grasses, clovers, and alfalfa.
Rate
All  employees,  except  those  classified under section  7  of  the  " Male
Minimum  Wage  Act"  and  section  6   of  the   " Female  Minimum
Wage Act"
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act"
and section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act"
Overtime (permits required to work overtime during this period)—
(a) April 1st to September 30th, inclusive	
(b) October 1st in each year to March 31st, inclusive, in the following year
60c. per hour.
(See note (1) re daily guarantee.)
The wage or rate of pay prescribed in the
permit.
Time and one-half the employee's regular
rate of pay for hours worked in excess ot
8 in the day and 48 in the week.
Time and one-half the employee's regular
rate of pay for hours worked in excess of
8 in the day and 44 in the week.
Note.—(1) Employees reporting for work on the call of the employer to be paid for the entire period spent at the
place of work, with a guarantee of 2 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate if the employee does not commence work
and 4 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate if the employee commences work.
(2) Order does not apply to employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
(3) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of
work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work
Act" until the employee has completed the hours so established.
(4) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(5) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(6) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(7) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(8) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed. H 68
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
! OCCUPATION OF HAIRDRESSING
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 27 (1947)
Effective May 12th, 1947, Superseding Order No. 27, Partially, etc.
" Occupation of hairdressing " means the work of persons engaged in cutting, dressing, dyeing,
tinting, curling, waving, permanent waving, cleansing, bleaching, or other work upon the hair of any
person, the removal of superfluous hair, and all work in connection with the giving of facials and
scalp treatments, manicuring, and other work in hairdressing as defined and interpreted in the " Hairdressers Act." It shall not include the work of any person the duties of whose occupation or profession require any act of hairdressing to be performed as incidental thereto, nor the work of barbers as
defined in the " Barbers Act."
" Class A employee " means a male or female employee whose working-week consists of 40
hours or more.
" Class B employee " means a male or female employee whose working-week consists of less
than 40 hours.
" Learner " means only a male or female employee of any age for whose employment a permit
in writing has been issued by the Board who becomes employed in the occupation of hairdressing at
a time when the employee has had less than six months' experience in that occupation.
Rate
Hours
Class A employees-
Class B employees—
$20.00 per week
50c. per hour
(See note (I) re
daily guarantee.)
40-44 per week.
Less than 40
per week.
Learners (Any Age)
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$15.00 per week 1st 3 months.
17.50 per week 2nd 3 months.
37Y2C. per hour 1st 3 months.
44c. per hour 2nd 3 months.
(Permits to be obtained from the Board for learners to be employed at above rates.)
Rate
Hours
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act"
or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose
employment permits in writing are issued by the Board
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 9 hours in one day and 44
hours in week
Wage-rate as set
out in permit
Time and one-half of
the regular rate of
pay.
40-44 per week.
Note.—(1) Employees if called to work by the employer shall be paid not less in any one day than an amount
equal to 2 hours' pay if called to work and not put to work, nor less than 4 hours' pay if put to work.
(2) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Employees to get one-half hour free from duty between the hours of 11 o'clock in the forenoon and 2 o'clock
in the afternoon, to commence not later than 1.30 p.m.
(4) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(5) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of employees to be posted.
(6) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(7) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(8) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 69
HOSPITAL INSTITUTIONS
(As Defined by the British Columbia " Hospital Insurance Act")
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 16 (1949)
Effective November 10th, 1949
That for the purposes  of this  Order  the following  expressions  shall  have  the following
meanings:—
" Business of operating hospital institutions " means the work of male and female employees
employed in hospitals as defined in the British Columbia " Hospital Insurance Act ":
" Class A employee " means a male or female employee whose working-week consists of
40 hours or more:
" Class B employee " means a male or female employee whose working-week consists of
less than 40 hours:
" Learner " means, only, a male or female employee "of any age for whose employment a
permit in writing has been issued by the Board.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in the business
of operating hospital institutions, except:—
(a) A graduate nurse who is in possession of a certificate showing that she has completed
a course of training in general nursing provided in a hospital and who is employed as
a nurse:
(b) A student-nurse in training in an approved school of nursing as defined by sections 22
and 23 of the " Registered Nurses Act" of British Columbia:
(c) Employees who hold professional positions or positions of supervision or management,
so long as the duties performed by them are of a professional, supervisory, or managerial character. The Board may determine whether or not the position held by any
person or the capacity in which he is employed is such as to bring him within the
scope of this exception:
(d) Employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
Rate
Hours
Class A employees-
Class B employees...
$20.00 per week
50c. per hour
40-44
Daily guarantee of 4
hours at employee's
regular rate of pay.
Learners (Any Age)
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$14.00 per week 1st 2 months.
16.00 per week 2nd 2 months.
18.00 per week 3rd 2 months.
20.00 per week thereafter.
35c. per hour 1st 2 months.
40c. per hour 2nd 2 months.
45c. per hour 3rd 2 months.
.               50c. per hour thereafter.
Daily guarantee of 4 hours at the employee's regular rate
of pay.
(Permits required for learners working at above rate.)
Rate
Hours
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act"
or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose
employment permits in writing are issued by the Board
Wage set in
permit
Not more than 44
per week.
Hours.-—That, except as provided in section 5 and sections 11 (3) and 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act," the
hours of work of any employee shall not exceed 8 in the day and 44 in the week, except by written permission of
the Board.
Overtime.—Time and one-half of the employee's regular rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of 8 in the day
and 44 in the week. This clause with respect to overtime rate of pay shall not apply to employees working under
arrangements with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or section 11 (3) or
section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act," or section 6 (a) of this Order, until the employee has completed the
hours so established.
Provisions for Variance of Hours of Work.—The Board may, by written authorization, permit the limits of hours
of work contained in section 5 of this Order to be exceeded, provided the hours of work so authorized are not inconsistent with the " Hours of Work Act" and regulations thereunder. H 70
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Where the Board is satisfied that extra working-hours are necessary to overcome emergent conditions that may
arise from time to time and that such extra working-hours are not inimical to the interests of the employees, it may,
by written authorization, permit the working-hours to exceed the limits prescribed in section 5 of this Order. The
minimum wage payable for hours worked pursuant to such written authorization shall be time and one-half the
employee's regular rate of pay.
Daily Guarantee.—An employee reporting for work on the call of an employer shall be paid the employee's regular
rate of pay for the entire period spent at the place of work in response to the call, with a minimum of 2 hours' pay at
the employee's regular rate if the employee does not commence work and 4 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate
if the employee commences work, unless by written permission the Board varies this provision with respect to the daily
guarantee.
Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is approved
by the Board in joint written application of employer and employee.
Breakages.—No charge or deduction to be made by employer for accidental breakages.
Uniforms.—See Order No. 3.
Rest-rooms.—Toilet and washroom facilities to be provided for use of employees and suitable rooms for rest and
lunch for the use of employees.
Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
Copy of Order to be posted.
Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted. Record of wages and daily hours of employees
to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
Records to be produced to authorized officials.
"Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
Rest periods as per Order No. 11.
HOTEL AND CATERING INDUSTRY*
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 52 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 52 (1938)
" Hotel and catering industry " means the work of male and female employees employed in:—
(a) Hotels, lodging-houses, clubs, or any other place where lodging is furnished, for which
a charge is made:
(b) Hotels, lodging-houses, restaurants, cafes, eating-houses, dance-halls, cabarets, banquet-
halls, ice-cream parlours, soda-fountains, hospitals, sanatoriums, nursing homes, clubs,
dining-rooms, or kitchens in connection with industrial or commercial establishments
or office buildings or schools, or any similar place where food is cooked, prepared, or
served, for which a charge is made,—•
whether or not such establishments mentioned above are operated independently or in connection
with any other business.
" Class A employees," those working from 40 to 44 hours.
" Class B employees," those working less than 40 hours.
" Learners," employees of any age with less than 6 months' experience in the industry, working
under permit from the Board.
Rate
Hours
Class A employees .
Class B employees.
$18.00 per week
45c. per hour
(See note (6) re
daily guarantee.)
40-44 per week.
Less than 40
per week.
Learners (Any Age)
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$12.00 per week for 1st 2 months.
14.00 per week for 2nd 2 months.
16.00 per week for 3rd 2 months.
18.00 per week thereafter.
30c. per hour for l^t 2 months.
35c. per hour for 2nd 2 months.
40c. per hour for 3rd 2 months.
45c. per hour thereafter.
(See note (6) re daily guarantee.)
(Permits required for learners working at above rates.)
Hours
Employees classified under section 7 of " Male Minimum Wage Act" or
section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage Act" working under permit
Not more than 44
per week.
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 52a (1947). REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 71
Note.—(1) Hours.—Not more than 8 in the day or 44 in the week except:—
(a) When authorized by the Board or by section 5 of the " Hours of Work Act":
(b) In cases of emergency which cannot reasonably be otherwise overcome:—
Not more than 10 in the day or 48 in the week.
(2) Split shifts to be confined within 12 hours of commencing work.    ("Hours of Work Act" provision.)
(3) Overtime.—Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for hours in excess of 8 in the day or 44 in the
week. This overtime rate shall not apply to any employee working under arrangement made pursuant to section 5 or
11 of " Hours of Work Act " until he has completed hours so established.
(4) Night-work.—Employment between 1.30 a.m. and 6 a.m. to be continuous. Working shifts not to start or
finish between these hours.
This does not apply to employees:—
(a) In hospitals, sanatoriums, and nursing homes residing on the premises:
(b) In catering where exemption has been granted in writing by the Board:
(c) On Christmas Day and New Year's Day and any other days declared to be exempt by the Board.
(5) Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is
approved by the Board on joint written application of employer and employee.
(6) Payment of Wages.—At least as often as semi-monthly up to a day not more than 8 days prior to date of
payment. Employee reporting for work on call of employer and not starting work to be paid for entire period spent
at place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour
daily guarantee according to respective hourly rates of Class B employees.
(7) Board or Lodging.—For meals partaken of or accommodation used by employee, not more than the following
deductions to be made from employee's wages:—
(a) Full week's board of 21 meals, $4 per week:
(6) Individual meals, 20c. each:
(c) Full week's lodging for 7 days, $2 per week.
(8) Breakages.—No charge or deduction to be made by employer for accidental breakages.
(9) Uniforms.—See Order No. 3 (1946) relating to uniforms.
(10) Rest-rooms, Toilet and Wash-room Facilities.—To be provided by employers for use of employees.
(11) Order does not apply to:—■
(a) Graduate nurses with certificate of completed training:
(b) Student-nurses in training in approved school of nursing, as defined by sections 22 and 23 of " Registered
Nurses Act ":
(c) Students employed in a school where enrolled:
(d) Pages as far as wages are concerned:
(e) Employees covered by another specific Order of the Board.
(12) Copy of Order to be posted.
(13) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(14) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(15) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(16) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(17) " Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
RESORT HOTELS IN HOTEL AND CATERING INDUSTRY IN UNORGANIZED
TERRITORY DURING THE SUMMER SEASON
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 52a (1946)
Effective Jane 15th to September 15th, Inclusive, Each Year
" Resort hotel" means any establishment in unorganized territory wherein meals or lodging are
furnished to the general public for which a charge is made.
" Summer season," that part of each year from June 15th to September 15th, inclusive.
Hours.—Not more than 10 in any one day nor 52 in any one week.
Overtime.—One and one-half times regular rate of pay for all hours in excess of 44 in any one week.
Rest Period.—24 consecutive hours each calendar week, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is
approved by the Board on joint application of employer and employee.
Variation of Order No. 52 (1946).—All provisions of Order No. 52 (1946) apply except those relating to hours of
work and rest period.
Note.—(1) Order to be posted.
(2) Order not effective within the following cities, districts, and villages:—
Cities.—Alberni, Armstrong, Chilliwack, Courtenay, Cranbrook, Cumberland, Duncan, Enderby, Fernie, Grand
Forks, Greenwood, Kamloops, Kaslo, Kelowna, Kimberley, Ladysmith, Merritt, Nanaimo, Nelson, New
Westminster, North Vancouver, Port Alberni, Port Coquitlam, Port Moody, Prince George, Prince Rupert,
Revelstoke, Rossland, Salmon Arm, Slocan, Trail, Vancouver, Vernon, Victoria.
Districts.—Burnaby, Chilliwhack, Coldstream, Coquitlam, Delta, Esquimau, Fraser Mills, Glenmore, Kent,
Langley, Maple Ridge, Matsqui, Mission, North Cowichan, North Vancouver, Oak Bay, Peachland,
Penticton, Pitt Meadows, Richmond, Saanich, Salmon Arm, Spallumcheen, Sumas, Summerland, Surrey,
Tadanac, West Vancouver.
Villages.—Abbotsford, Alert Bay, Burns Lake, Chapman Camp, Comox, Cranberry Lake, Creston, Dawson
Creek, Gibsons Landing, Hope, Lake Cowichan, Lytton, McBride, Mission, New Denver, Oliver, Osoyoos,
Parksville, Pouce Coupe, Qualicum Beach, Quesnel, Silverton, Smithers, Stewart, Terrace, Tofino,
Vanderhoof, Westview, Williams Lake.
(3) " Annual Holidays Act " to be observed. H 72
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
HOUSEHOLD-FURNITURE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 51 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 51 (1937)
" Household-furniture manufacturing " means the manufacture of kitchen furniture, dining-room
furniture, bedroom furniture, living-room furniture, hall furniture, and other articles of household
furniture customarily manufactured in a furniture factory.
" Learner " means, only, a male or female employee of any age for whose employment a permit
in writing has been issued by the Board who becomes employed in the household-furniture manufacturing industry at a time when the employee has had less than 6 months' experience as an employee in
that industry.
This Order shall apply to every employer and every male and female employee in the household-
furniture manufacturing industry, except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically
defining their work.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
50c.
30c.
35c.
40c.
50c.
44
Rate payable to balance of employees—
Learners (any age), not inclusive of apprentices (under section 6 of
" Female Minimum Wage Act" or section 7 of " Male
Minimum Wage Act ")—
44
44
44
44
(Permits to be obtained from the Board for employees working at learners' rates.)
Employees classified under section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage Act "
and section 7 of " Male Minimum Wage Act "
Overtime:   Employees working in excess of 8 hours in one day or 44
hours in week (permits to be obtained from the Board to work such
overtime)
Wage   prescribed   in
permit
One  and  one-half
times   regular   rate
of pay.
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours
of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or 11 of the " Hours of Work Act " until the employee has
completed the hours so established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted in the establishment.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his employees.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950 H 73
JANITOR AND JANITRESS IN APARTMENT BUILDINGS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 43 (1950)
Effective January 1st, 1951, Superseding Orders Nos. 43 (1942) and 44 (1942)
1. "Janitor" means and includes every person employed as janitor, janitor-cleaner, janitor-
fireman, janitor-engineer, janitress, janitress-cleaner, janitress-fireman, and janitress-engineer in
apartment buildings.
2. Janitor, when employed by the hour, 50c. per hour.
3. (a) Resident janitor in apartment buildings of 4 residential suites and under, 50c. per hour.
(Z>) In apartment buildings of 5 residential suites or more where single rooms, stores, or accommodation other than residential suites are provided in addition to suites, the minimum wage for every
janitor shall be as provided in clause (c) and in addition at the rate of 50c. per hour for all time
spent attending to the single rooms, stores, and other accommodation.
(c) In apartment buildings containing:—
5 residential suites, $35.10 per month; 27 residential suites, $118.69 per month;
6 residential suites, $39.00 per month; 28 residential suites, $ 121.55 per month;
7 residential suites, $42.90 per month; 29 residential suites, $124.41 per month;
8 residential suites, $46.80 per month; 30 residential suites, $ 127.27 per month;
9 residential suites, $50.70 per month; 31 residential suites, $ 130.13 per month;
10 residential suites, $54.60 per month; 32 residential suites, $132.99 per month;
11 residential suites, $58.50 per month; 33 residential suites, $135.85 per month;
12 residential suites, $62.40 per month; 34 residential suites, $138.71 per month;
13 residential suites, $66.30 per month; 35 residential suites, $141.57 per month;
14 residential suites, $70.20 per month; 36 residential suites, $144.43 per month;
15 residential suites, $74.36 per month; 37 residential suites, $147.29 per month;
16 residential suites, $78.65 per month; 38 residential suites, $150.15 per month;
17 residential suites, $82.94 per month; 39 residential suites, $153.01 per month;
18 residential suites, $87.23 per month; 40 residential suites, $155.87 per month;
19 residential suites, $91.52 per month; 41 residential suites, $158.73 per month;
20 residential suites, $95.81 per month; 42 residential suites, $161.59 per month;
21 residential suites, $ 100.10 per month; 43 residential suites, $ 164.45 per month;
22 residential suites, $ 104.39 per month; 44 residential suites, $ 167.31 per month;
23 residential suites, $107.25 per month; 45 residential suites, $170.17 per month;
24 residential suites, $110.11 per month; 46 residential suites, $173.03 per month;
25 residential suites, $ 112.97 per month; 47 residential suites, $ 175.89 per month;
26 residential suites, $115.83 per month;    over 47 residential suites, $178.75 per month.
(d) In any apartment building where two or more janitors are employed, at least one shall be
designated as resident janitor, and be recorded as resident janitor on the payroll, and shall be paid
according to the rates fixed in clause (c).
Where more than one janitor is designated and recorded on the payroll as resident janitors, each
janitor so designated and recorded must be paid at the rates fixed in clause (c).
Other janitors in the same apartment building shall be paid 50c. per hour for each hour worked.
4. Where suite is supplied, not more than $20 per month may be deducted for 2 rooms and
bathroom, and $5 for each additional room, but in no case shall the rental value deducted exceed
$30 per month.
A deduction of not more than $4 per month may be made for electricity and (or) gas.
5. (a) In any apartment building containing 20 residential suites and over, every janitor shall be
given 24 consecutive hours free from duty in each calendar week.
(b) In any apartment building containing not more than 19 and not less than 12 residential
suites, every janitor shall be given 8 consecutive hours free from duty in each calendar week.
6. During the rest periods, substitute janitor (including any member of the janitor's family) shall
be paid by the owner or agent of the apartment building according to the provisions of this Order.
Note.—(1) In computing the number of residential suites in any apartment building, the suite occupied by the
janitor shall not be included.
(2) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed. H 74
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
JANITOR AND JANITRESS IN BUILDINGS OTHER THAN APARTMENT BUILDINGS
Effective January 1st, 1951, Superseding in part Orders Nos. 43 (1942) and 44 (1942)
" Janitor " means and includes every person employed as janitor, janitor-cleaner, janitor-fireman,
janitor-engineer, janitress, janitress-cleaner, janitress-fireman and janitress-engineer in buildings other
than apartment buildings.
Hourly Rate
Hours of Work
50c. per hour
Time and one-half the
employee's   regular
rate  for  all  hours
worked in excess of
8 in a day and 44
in the week.
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay does not apply to employees working under arrangements with respect to hours of
work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of " Hours of Work Act,"
or section 5 (a) of the Order, until the employee has completed the hours so established, provided the waiver of the
overtime is agreed to by the employer and the employees or their representatives.
(2) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the hours of work.
(3) Employee to be given 32 consecutive hours free from duty each week unless the Board approves of some other
arrangement.
(4) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(5) Copy of Order to be posted.
(6) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of employees to be posted.
(7) True and correct records of wages paid to and hours worked each day by employees to be kept.
(8) Records to be produced for inspection when requested.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
LAUNDRY, CLEANING AND DYEING INDUSTRIES*
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 74 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 74
" Learner" means an employee of any age with less than 6 months' experience in the industry,
working under permit from the Board.
Rate
Hours
40c. per hour
(See note (4) re
daily guarantee.)
31c. per hour
34c. per hour
37c. per hour
40c. per hour
1
r
J
8 per day.
44 per week.
8 per day.
44 per week.
Learners, any age—
First 2 months
(Permits required for learners working at above rates.)
Employees classified under section 7 of " Male Minimum Wage Act " or
section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage Act " working under permit
Wage set in permit
Not more than 44
per week.
Note.—(1) Hours.—Not more than 8 in the day or 44 in the week, except when authorized by the Board or by
section 5 of the " Hours of Work Act."
(2) Overtime.—Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for hours in excess of 8 in the day or 44 in the
week. This overtime rate shall not apply to any employee working under arrangement made pursuant to section 5 or
11 of "Hours of Work Act " until he has completed hours so established.
(3) Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is
approved by the Board on joint written application of employer and employee.    See also Order No. 11 (1949).
(4) Payment, of Wages.—At least as often as semi-monthly up to a day not more than 8 days prior to date of
payment. Employee reporting for work on call of employer and not starting work to be paid for entire period spent
at place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour
daily guarantee, except on Saturday when 3-hour daily guarantee applies. Daily guarantee may be varied by written
permission of the Board.
(5) Breakages.—No charge or deduction to be made by employer for accidental breakages.
(6) Copy of Order to be posted.
(7) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(8) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(9) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(10) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 74a (1948). REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 75
LOGGING INDUSTRY*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 1 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 1 (1943)
" Logging industry " means all operations in or incidental to the carrying-on of logging; pole, tie,
shingle-bolt, mining-prop, and pile cutting; and all operations in or incidental to hauling, driving,
fluming, rafting, and booming of logs, poles, ties, shingle-bolts, mining-props, and piles.
This Order shall apply to every employer and every male employee in the logging industry
except:—
(a) Employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
(6) Watchmen or caretakers employed in logging camps in which operations are suspended.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Male employees      	
According to official scale of measurement, and such rate or price shall
be paid pro rata, according to the hours worked, to each and every
person so engaged under a contract or agreement for making
shingle-bolts;   that is, felling, bucking, splitting, and piling	
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act " in respect of whom permits in writing have been issued by
the Board          	
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and
44 hours in week (permits must be obtained from the Board to
work such overtime)
60c.
$2.00 per cord.
Rate as set in permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons holding positions of supervision or management as defined in section 4 of the " Hours of Work
Act."
Persons making shingle-bolts.
Employees engaged exclusively in the transportation of men and supplies.
Persons regularly employed as boom-men and boatmen.
Emergency fire-fighters.
Persons engaged in operating light plants in logging camps (Order Id (1948)).
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the
provisions of section 5 or 11 of the " Hours of Work Act " until the employee has completed the hours
so established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his employees
to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(8) " Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" section number referred to in this Order is as it appears in the " Revised
Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
* As amended by Male Minimum Wage Order No. Id (1948).
LOGGING INDUSTRY
Charge for Board and Lodging—Male Minimum Wage Order No. 28a (1947)
Effective July 24th, 1947, Superseding Order No. 28
This Order rescinds Order No. 28 of the Board fixing a maximum price to be charged for board
and lodging in the logging and sawmill industry in certain parts of the Province of British Columbia,
as set out in the said Order No. 28. H 76
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY*
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 25 (1948)
Effective August 12th, 1948, Superseding Order No. 25 (1947)
" Manufacturing industry " means the work of employees engaged in the making, preparing,
altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, assembling the parts of, or adapting for
use or sale any article or commodity.
" Learner" means employees of any age with less than 6 months' experience in the industry
working under permit from the Board.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in the manufacturing industry, except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining
their work.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
40c.
31c.
34c.
37c.
40c.
(See note (7) re.
daily guarantee.)
44
Learners (any age)—
44
44
44
44
(Permits required for learners working at above rates.)
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act " or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act " for whose
employment permits in writing have been issued by the Board 	
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day
and 44 hours in week (permits required from the Board to work
overtime)
Rate as set in permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Note.— (1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours
of work established pursuant to section 5 or 11 of the "Hours of Work Act" until the employee has completed the
hours so established; or to persons exempted from the provisions of section 3 of the " Hours of Work Act " pursuant
to the provisions of section 4 of the said Act.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his employees
to be posted in his establishment.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer and not starting work to be paid for entire period spent at
place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour
daily guarantee at employee's regular rate of pay.    Board may vary daily guarantee provisions.
(8) Under certain conditions, Board may vary daily guarantee and overtime provisions.
(9) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(10) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(11) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 25a (1950). REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 77
MERCANTILE INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 24 (1949)
Effective January 1st, 1950, Superseding Orders Nos. 24 (1946) and 59
" Mercantile industry " means the work carried on in establishments operated for the purpose of
wholesale and (or) retail trade.
" Class A employees," those working from 39 to 44 hours.
" Class B employees," those working less than 39 hours.
" Learners," employees of any age with less than 6 months' experience in the industry, working
under permit from the Board.
Rate
Hours
Class  A  employees..
Class  B   employees..
Bicycle-riders and foot-messengers employed exclusively on delivery..
$18.00 a week
47c. an hour
(See note (3) re
daily guarantee.)
35c. an hour.
39-44 per week.
Less than 39 per week.
8 per day;   44 per
week.
Learners (Any Age)
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$12.00 per week 1st 2 months.
14.00 per week 2nd 2 months.
16.00 per week 3rd 2 months.
18.00 per week thereafter.
32c. per hour 1st 2 months.
37c. per hour 2nd 2 months.
42c. per hour 3rd 2 months.
47c. per hour thereafter.
(See note (3) re daily guarantee.)
(Permits required for learners working at above rates.)
Note.—(1) Hours.—Not more than 8 in the day or 44 in the week, except when authorized by the Board or by
section 5 of the " Hours of Work Act."
(2) Overtime.—Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for hours in excess of 8 in the day or 44 in the
week. This overtime rate shall not apply to any employee working under arrangement made pursuant to section 5 or
11 (3) or 11 (4) of "Hours of Work Act " until he has completed hours so established. Overtime rate of pay does
not apply to persons exempt from provisions of section 3 of " Hours of Work Act " pursuant to provisions of section 4
of the said Act.
(3) Payment of Wages.—At least as often as semi-monthly. Employee reporting for work on call of employer
and not starting work to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay.
Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee according to respective hourly rates of
Class B employees. (Note.—Daily guarantee does not apply to bicycle-riders and foot-messengers employed exclusively
on delivery.)
(4) Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is
approved by Board on joint written application of employer and employee.    (See also Order No. 11  (1949).)
(5) Bicycle-riders and Foot-messengers.—That in cases where a bicycle is provided by the employee all reasonable
costs to the said employee in connection therewith, while the bicycle is actually in use on his employer's behalf, shall
be in addition to the minimum wages fixed herein.
(6) Copy of Order to be posted.
(7) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted. Record of wages and daily hours of
employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all
employees.
(8) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(9) See Order No. 3 (1946) re uniforms.
(10) " Annual Holidays Act " to be observed. H 78
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
OFFICE OCCUPATION
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 34 (1948)
Effective September 13th, 1948, Superseding Order No. 34 (1946)
"Office occupation" means the work of females employed as stenographers; book-keepers;
typists; billing clerks; filing clerks; cashiers; cash-girls; checkers; invoicers; comptometer operators;
auditors; attendants in physicians' offices, dentists' offices, and other offices, and the work of females
employed in all kinds of clerical work.
" Class A employees," those working from 36 to 44 hours.
" Class B employees," those working less than 36 hours.
" Learners," employees of any age with less than 4 months' experience in the industry, working
under permit from the Board.
Rate
Hours
Class A employees-
Class B employees-.
$18.00 a week
50c. an hour
(See note (4) re
daily guarantee.)
36-44 per week.
Less than 36 per week.
Learners (Any Age)
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$14.00 per week   1st 2 months.
16.00 per week 2nd 2 months.
18.00 per week thereafter.
40c. per hour  1st 2 months.
45c. per hour 2nd 2 months.
50c. per hour thereafter.
(See note (4) re daily guarantee.)
(Permits required for learners working at above rates.)
Note.—(1) Order does not apply to employees who hold positions of supervision or management, so long as the
duties performed by them are of a supervisory or managerial character.
(2) Hours.—Not more than 8 in the day or 44 in the week, except when authorized by the Board or by section
5 of the " Hours of Work Act."
(3) Overtime.—Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for hours in excess of 8 in the day or 44 in the
week, or in excess of hours authorized by the Board.
(4) Reporting on Call.—Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at
place of work, with a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour
daily guarantee at employee's regular rate.
(5) Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases a different arrangement is
approved by Board on joint written application of employer and employee.    See also Order No. 11  (1949).
(6) Uniforms.—See Order No. 3 (1946).
(7) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the daily guarantee and overtime provisions.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
PAINTING, DECORATING, AND PAPER-HANGING*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 71
Effective June 1st, 1940
" Painting, decorating, and paper-hanging " means all work usually done by painters, decorators,
and paper-hangers in connection with the construction, erection, alteration, remodelling, or renovation
of any building or structure, or any part thereof.
Area
Rate per Hour
City of Vancouver, including Point Grey, City of New Westminster, the Municipality of the
District of Burnaby, Municipality of the District of West Vancouver, City of North Vancouver, District of North Vancouver	
90c.
Note.—(1) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(2) Does not apply to those permanently employed at maintenance work in industrial or manufacturing establishments, public and private buildings.
(3) All wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 79
PAINTING, DECORATING, AND PAPER-HANGING*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 75
Effective June 2nd, 1941
" Painting, decorating, and paper-hanging " means all work usually done by painters, decorators,
and paper-hangers in connection with the construction, erection, alteration, remodelling, or renovation
of any building or structure, or any part thereof.
Area
Rate per Hour
Land   Districts   of   Victoria,   Lake,   North   Saanich,   South   Saanich,   Esquimalt,   Highland,
Metchosin, Goldstream, Sooke, Otter, Malahat, and Renfrew	
90c.
Note.—(1) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(2) Does not apply to those permanently employed at maintenance work in industrial or manufacturing establishments, public and private buildings.
(3) All wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946.
PATROLMEN*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 69
Effective February 5th, 1940
" Private patrol agency " means every person who by contract or agreement undertakes to watch
or patrol the premises of more than one person for the purpose of guarding or protecting persons or
property against robbery, theft, burglary, or other hazards.
" Patrolman" means an employee (not covered by any other Order of the Board) employed by a
private patrol agency.
Hourly rate  42c.
Note.—(1) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(2) Employees shall be given rest period of 24 consecutive hours in every seven days.
(3) Where uniforms are required, these are to be furnished without cost to the employee, except by arrangement
approved by the Board of Industrial Relations.   See also Order No. 3.
(4) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
*,As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. H 80
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATION
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 5 (1947)
Effective August 25th, 1947, Superseding Orders Nos. 27, 27k, 27b, 27o
" Personal service occupation" means the work of persons engaged in massaging and physiotherapy as defined in the " Physiotherapists' and Massage Practitioners' Act," chiropody, chiropractic,
osteopathy, electrical treatments, general and specialized therapeutics, and all work of a like nature.
Rate
Hours per Week
Class A employees..
Class  B   employees-
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act " or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act " for whose
employment permits in writing are issued by the Board
$20.00 per week
50c. per hour
(See note (1) re
daily guarantee.)
The wage or rate of
pay   prescribed   in
the permit.
40-44
Less than 40 hours
per week.
Note.—(1) If called to work and not put to work, employee shall be paid for not less than 2 hours at the
employee's regular rate of pay, and if put to work, for not less than 4 hours at employee's regular rate.
(2) Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of 8 in a day or 44 in a
week, or hours authorized by the Board.
(3) This Order does not apply to:—
(a) Employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work:
(b) A graduate nurse who is in possession of a certificate showing she has completed a course of training in
general nursing provided in a hospital and who is employed as a nurse:
(c) A student-nurse in training in an approved school of nursing as defined by sections 22 and 23 of the
" Registered Nurses Act " of British Columbia.
(4) Copy of Order to be posted.
(5) Schedule of*daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(6) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(7) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(8) Regarding uniforms, see Order No. 3 (1946).
(9) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(10) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
PLUMBING AND PIPE-FITTING TRADE
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 13 (1949)
Effective July 25th, 1949
" Plumbing and pipe-fitting trade " means and includes all work usually done by plumbers and
pipe-fitters.
Rate
Hours
Plumbers  and  pipe-fitters.
Employees classified under  section 7  of the  " Male  Minimum  Wage
Act "
$1.00 per hour
(See note (4) re
daily guarantee.)
Rate of pay prescribed in the permit
8 per day;  44 per
week.
8 per day;   44 per
week.
Note.—(1) Order does not apply to:—
(a) Employees who are permanently employed on maintenance work, etc.; and
(b) Employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
(2) Overtime.—Time and one-half the employee's regular rate of pay for all hours worked in excess of 8 in the
day and 44 in the week.    (Permits shall be obtained from the Board to work such overtime.)
(3) Overtime rate of pay does not apply to:—
(a) Persons who are exempt from the provisions of section 3 of the " Hours of Work Act" pursuant to the
provisions of section 4 of the said Act:
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the
provisions of section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act" until the
employee has completed the hours so established.
(4) An employee reporting for work on the call of an employer shall be paid his regular rate of pay for the entire
period spent at the place of work in response to the call, with a minimum of 2 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate.
(5) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(6) Copy of Order and schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(7) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(8) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(9) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(10) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 81
PUBLIC PLACES OF AMUSEMENT, ETC.
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 67 (1948)*
Effective September 13th, 1948, Superseding Public Places of Amusement Order
" Class A employee " means an employee whose working-week consists of 40 hours or more.
" Class B employee " means an employee whose working-week consists of less than 40 hours.
" Learner" means an employee for whose employment a permit in writing has been issued by
the Board.
This Order applies to all persons employed in or about the following places to which a charge for
admission or service is made to the public:—
(a) Indoor or outdoor theatres and dance-halls or dance-pavilions, music-halls, concert-
rooms, lecture-halls (excluding in every instance players and artists); and
(b) Shooting-galleries,  bowling-alleys,  billiard-parlours and pool-rooms,  ice-rinks,  roller-
rinks, amusement parks, golf-courses, sports grounds and arenas; and
(c) Swimming-pools, bathing-pavilions and dressing-rooms, bathing-beaches, steam baths;
and
(d) Veterinary hospitals and establishments or offices where general and special therapeutics
is performed:
(e) Parking-lots, auto camps, shoe-shine establishments, and boat liveries.
This Order does not apply to:—
(a) Employees included in any other Order of the Board:
(b) Persons employed as caddies on or about golf-courses:
(c) Persons employed exclusively as watchmen; and
(d) Motion-picture projectionists.
Rate
Weekly Hours
Class A  employees.
Class  B   employees.
$18.00 a week
45c. per hour
(See note (7) re
daily guarantee.)
40-^14
Less than 40.
Learners
Class A Employees
Class B Employees
$14.00 per week 1st 2 months.
16.00 per week 2nd 2 months.
18.00 per week thereafter.
35c. per hour during 1st 2 months.
40c. per hour during 2nd 2 months.
45c. per hour thereafter.
(See note (7) re daily guarantee.)
Hourly Rate
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage Act " or section 6 of the
" Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose employment permits in writing have been issued
Overtime:   Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and 44 hours in week
(permits required from the Board to work overtime)
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Employees working under arrangements with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 6 (a) of this Order until the employee has completed the hours so established:
(b) Persons holding positions of supervision or management or employed in a confidential capacity, so long as
the duties performed by him are of a supervisory or managerial character. The Board may determine
whether or not the position held by any person or the capacity in which he is employed is such as to bring
him within the scope of this paragraph.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 3-hour daily guarantee at
employee's regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(10) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(11) " Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
* As amended by Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 67a (1950). H 82
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
RADIO-BROADCAST TECHNICIANS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 8 (1948)
Effective September 13th, 1948
" Radio-broadcast technician" means any employee engaged in the installation, operation, or
maintenance of radio-broadcast equipment, including television, voice and facsimile, or any rebroad-
cast apparatus by means of which electricity is applied in the transmission or transference, production,
or reproduction of voice and sound, including records, transcriptions, wire or tape recording, and
vision, with or without ethereal aid, including the cutting or processing, or both the cutting and
processing, of records and transcription.
This Order applies to all radio-broadcast technicians and their employers, except operators of
record-playing or transmitting and receiving communications equipment in establishments other than
radio-broadcast stations.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
80c.
(See note (7) re
daily guarantee.)
Rate as set in permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act " or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose
employment permits in writing have .been issued by the Board  .   _
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and
44 hours in week (permits required from the Board to work overtime)
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Radio-broadcast technicians working under arrangements with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 (a) of this Order until the radio-broadcast technician has completed
the hours so established:
(b) Radio-broadcast technicians holding positions of supervision or management or employed in a confidential
capacity, so long as the duties performed by them are of a supervisory or managerial character. The
Board may determine whether or not the position held by any person or the capacity in which he is
employed is such as to bring him within the scope of this paragraph.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names,
ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at
employees' regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) See Order No. 2 re apprentices indentured under "Apprenticeship Act."
(10) See Order No. 11  (1949) re rest periods.
(11) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 83
RADIO TECHNICIANS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 7 (1948)
Effective May 31st, 1948
" Radio technician" means any employee engaged in:—
(a) The designing, repairing, adjusting, and installing of radio and electronic equipment,
including home radio receivers, record-playing apparatus, public-address and audio-
amp'ifier systems, and industrial electronic equipment; and
(b) The designing, repairing, and maintenance of long- and short-wave and ultra-high frequency receiving and transmitting equipment.
This Order shall apply to all radio technicians and their employers, except persons employed as
radio technicians in radio-broadcast stations.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
80c.
(See note (7) re
daily guarantee.)
Rate of pay prescribed  in  permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act " or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act " for whose
employment permits in writing have been issued by the Board
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and
44 hours in week (permits required from the Board to work overtime)
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Radio technicians working under arrangements with respect of hours of work established pursuant to section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the "Hours of Work Act" until the radio technician has
completed the hours so established:
(b) Persons who are exempt from the provisions of section 3 of the " Hours of Work Act " pursuant to the
provisions of section 4 of the said Act.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at
employee's regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(10) See Order No. It (1949) re rest periods.
(11) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
REST PERIODS*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 11 (1949)
Effective March 28th, 1949
This Order applies to every employer and to every female employee in every industry, business,
trade, and occupation to which the " Female Minimum Wage Act" applies, except female licentiates
of pharmacy.
Every employer shall allow every female employee at least one-half hour period free from duty
after not more than five (5) consecutive hours' employment, provided that if an employee is given a
rest period of not less than ten (10) minutes within the five (5) consecutive hours' employment, the
time within which the one-half hour period free from duty shall be given may be exceeded by not
more than one (1) hour.
Copy of Order to be posted.
* As amended by Female Minimum Wage Order No. 11a (1950). H 84
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
SAWMILL INDUSTRY
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 50 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 50 (1943)
" Sawmill industry " means all operations in or incidental to the carrying-on of sawmills, veneer-
mills, lath-mills, and (or) planing-mills.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male employee in the sawmill industry,
except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Rate payable to at least 90% of total-
Rate payable to balance of employees (inclusive of employees in respect
of whom a permit has been obtained under section 7 of " Male Minimum Wage Act") not less than     	
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act" for whose employment permits in writing have been issued
by the Board
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day or
44 hours in week (permits to be obtained from the Board to work
such overtime)
50c.
40c.
Rate as set out in
permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
44
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons holding positions of supervision or management as defined in section 4 of the " Hours of Work
Act."
Persons regularly employed as boatmen.
Emergency fire-fighters.
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the
provisions of section 5 or 11 of the " Hours of Work Act" or Regulation No. 2 made under the said Act
until the employee has completed the hours so established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of employees
to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of ages, names,
occupations, and residential adresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order are as they appear in the " Revised
Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 85
SHEET-METAL TRADE
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 10 (1948)
Effective September 13th, 1948
" Sheet-metal trade" means and includes all work usually done by journeymen in connection with:—
(a)  The fabrication or installation, or both the fabrication and installation, of gravity or
forced air heating, or conditioned-air installation; or
(6) The fabrication or erection, or both the fabrication and erection, or installation of any
sheet-metal work in connection with any residential, commercial, or industrial building,
plant, or establishment, or ship, boat, or barge.
This Order applies to every employer and every employee in the sheet-metal trade, except
employees employed in the production-line or assembly-line manufacture of sheet-metal products
for resale.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Employees in sheet-metal trade..
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act" for whose employment permits in writing have been issued
by the Board- 	
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day
and 44 hours in week (permits required from the Board to work
overtime)
$1.00
(See note (7) re
daily guarantee.)
Rate as set in permit.
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons who are exempt from the provisions of section 3 of the "Hours of Work Act" pursuant to the
provisions of section 4 of the said Act:
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or section 11 (3) or section 11 (4) of the " Hours of Work Act" until the employee has
completed the hours so established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay. Employee commencing work in response to a call, 4-hour daily guarantee at
employee's regular rate of pay.
(8) Under certain conditions, the Board may vary the overtime and daily guarantee provisions.
(9) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(10) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" section number referred to in this Order is as it appears in the " Revised Statutes
of British Columbia, 1948." H 86
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
SHINGLE INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 62 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 62 (1943) and Order No. 77 (1943)
" Shingle industry " means all operations in or incidental to the manufacturing of wooden shingles
or shakes.
" Square" means a roofing square of four bundles of shingles, understood and accepted as a
standard by the industry, and according to specification N.R.C. 5—1936 issued by the National
Research Council of Canada.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in the shingle
industry, except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining their work.
Per Square
Guaranteed
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Sawyers—
No. 1 shingles
Lower grade than No. 1 shingles	
30c.
24c.
18c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
50c.
44
44
44
Other employees not included in any other Order of
44
(Employees packing or sawing shingles on any other basis than by the square shall be paid on the
same proportionate basis.)
Guaranteed
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Employees classified under section 7 of the " Male Minimum Wage
Act" or section 6 of the " Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose
employment permits in writing have been issued by the Board
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day and
44 hours in week (permits to be obtained from the Board to work
such overtime)
Rate as set out in
permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
Note.—(1)  Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons holding positions of supervision or management as defined in section 4 of the "Hours of Work
Act."
Persons regularly employed as boatmen.
Emergency fire-fighters.
(b) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or 11 of the " Hours of Work Act " or Regulation No. 2 made under the said Act
until the employee lias completed the hours so established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his employees
to be posted.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages, occupations, and
residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act " and " Female Minimum Wage Act " section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 87
SHIP-BUILDING INDUSTRY
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 20 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946, Superseding Order No. 20
" Ship-building industry" means all operations in the construction, reconstruction, alteration,
repair, demolition, painting, cleaning, preserving, reconditioning, putting on or taking off the ways,
or dry-docking of any ship, boat, barge, or scow.
Rate
Hours
Employees doing the work usually done by journeymen, and without restricting the generality of the foregoing, the work of shipwrights,
joiners, boat-builders, caulkers, painters, fitters, electricians, machinists, boilermakers, plumbers and steam-fitters, blacksmiths, sheet-metal
workers, welders, hoistmen, engineers, riggers, and asbestos-workers
Employees exclusive of the above-mentioned  	
When 90% of total number of employees (exclusive of indentured apprentices) are paid not less than the 90c. or 60c. per hour rate, the
balance may be paid  _ 	
Employees classified under section 6 of the Act working under permits .
90c. per hour
60c. per hour
45c. per hour
Rate set in permit
f   8 per day.
} 44 per week,
f   8 per day.
( 44 per week.
[   8 per day.
I 44 per week.
i   8 per day.
i 44 per week.
Note.— (1) Hours.—Not more than 8 in the day or 44 in the week, except when authorized by the Board or by
section 5 of the " Hours of Work Act."
(2) Overtime.—Time and one-half employee's regular rate of pay for hours in excess of 8 in the day or 44 in the
week. This overtime rate shall not apply to any employee working under arrangement made pursuant to section 5 or 11
of " Hours of Work Act " until he has completed hours so established.
(3) Payment of Wages.—At least as often as semi-monthly.
(4) Copy of Order to be posted.
(5) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted.
(6) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages,
occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(7) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(8) See Order No. 2 (1946) re apprentices.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed. H 88
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
TAXICAB-DRIVERS AND TAXICAB-DISPATCHERS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 33 (1950)
Effective December 18th, 1950, Superseding Orders Nos. 33 (1940) and 60
" Taxicab-driver " means every male and female person in charge of or driving a motor-vehicle
with seating accommodation for nine passengers or less than nine passengers, used for the conveyance
of the public, and which is driven or operated for hire.
" Taxicab-dispatcher " means every male and female person responsible for assigning work to
taxicab-drivers or directing their movement.
Rate
Taxicab-drivers and taxicab-dispatchers	
Overtime—
First 2 hours in excess of 8 in any one day-
Hours in excess of 10 in any one day	
Hours in excess of 48 in any one week, excluding overtime paid on daily basis..
55c. per hour.
Time and one-half of the
employee's regular rate.
Double the employee's
regular rate.
Time and one-half of the
employee's regular rate.
(1) Drivers and dispatchers shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(2) Employee reporting for work on call of employer to be paid for entire period spent at place of work, with
a guarantee of at least 2 hours' pay.
(3) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(4) Record of wages and daily hours of employees to be kept, together with register in English of the names,
ages, occupations, and residential addresses of all employees.
(5) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(6) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH OCCUPATION*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 79
Effective April 16th, 1945, Superseding Order Effective April 5th, 1920
" Telephone and telegraph occupation" means the work of all persons employed in connection
with the operating of the various instruments, switch-boards, and other mechanical appliances used in
connection with telephony and telegraphy.
Rate
Maximum Hours
Employees, any age—
For first 3 weeks..
For following month	
For following 2 months
For following 3 months .
Thereafter	
$1.80 per day
2.52 per day
2.76 per day
3.00 per day
3.36 per day
8 per day.
48 per week.
Note.—(1) Part-time employees' wages shall be prorated.
(2) Employees required to report for work to receive at least 3 hours' pay per day.
(3) In emergencies employees may work up to 56 hours per week, with one and one-half times their regular rate
of pay for hours in excess of 48.
(4) Where employees reside on employers' premises, an arrangement may be made for employees to answer
emergency calls between 10 p.m. and 8 a.m., subject to approval in writing by the Board.
(5) Working-hours shall be confined within 12 hours immediately following commencement of work.
(6) Every employee shall have a rest period of 24 consecutive hours in each calendar week.
(7) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(8) Where hours of work in bona-fide trade-union agreements differ from those prescribed by the Order, the
Board may, in its discretion, exempt in writing the union and the employer from sections in the Order pertaining to
hours, to the extent mentioned in the exemption.
(9) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(10) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(11) "Annual Holidays Act" to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 89
TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY*
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 26 (1940), Effective October 10th, 1940, and Male
Minimum Wage Order No. 26a (1940), Effective November 28th, 1940
Superseding Order No. 26, Order No. 26b, and Order No. 26c
(This Order does not apply to employees covered by Order No. 9 (1948) of the Board.)
" Transportation industry " includes all operations in or incidental to the carrying or transporting
for reward, by any means whatever, other than by rail, water, or air, any goods, wares, merchandise,
article, articles, or material the property of persons other than the carrier, and the carrying or
delivering of goods, wares, merchandise, article, articles, or material by or on behalf of any manufacturer, jobber, private or public owner, or by or on behalf of any wholesale, retail, private, or public
vendor thereof, or dealer therein, and the carrying or delivering to or collecting from any other carrier
of goods by rail, water, air, or road transport for the purpose of being further transported to some
destination other than the place at which such aforementioned carriage or delivery terminates.
Weekly Hours
Weekly Hours
(1) Operators of motor-vehicles of 2,000 pounds net weight or over, as
specified on the motor-vehicle licence, exclusive of those specified in
section 7 hereof
Hourly rate	
(2) Operators of motor-vehicles of less than 2,000 pounds net weight, as
specified on the motor-vehicle licence, and operators of motor-cycles
with wheeled attachments, exclusive of those specified in section 7
hereof
Hourly rate	
(3) Operators of motor-cycles with not more than two wheels and without wheeled attachment
Hourly rate 	
(4) Bicycle-riders and foot-messengers employed exclusively on delivery
or messenger work (e)
Hourly rate	
(5) Swampers and helpers-
Hourly rate	
(6) Drivers of horse-drawn vehicles other than those covered by section
7 hereof
Hourly rate    —	
Less than 40
54c.
Less than 40
48c.
Less than 40
36c.
Less than 40
24c.
Less than 40
48c.
Less than 40
54c.
40 and not more
than 50
48c.
40 and not more
than 50
42c.
40 and not more
than 48
30c.
40 and not more
than 48
20c.
40 and not more
than 50
42c.
40 and not more
than 50
48c.
(7) Drivers of vehicles employed in the retail delivery of bread or in the
retail delivery of milk
Hourly rate, 48c.
Note.—(1) This Order does not apply to drivers, swampers, or helpers covered by Order No. 9 (1948)  of the
Board (see Order No. 26c (1948)).
(2) Where vehicle is provided by employee, all reasonable costs while vehicle is in use on employer's behalf shall
be in addition to above rates.
(3) Employees waiting on call to be paid at above rates.
(4) Milk-delivery men may work 15 hours in excess of 44 per week, provided not more than 10 hours are worked
in any one day, nor more than 350 hours over a period of 7 weeks.
(5) Bicycle-riders and foot-messengers in mercantile industry, see Order No. 24 (1949).
(6) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(7) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946. H 90
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY*
Female Minimum Wage Order No. 26b
Effective August 18th, 1941
(This Order does not apply to employees covered by Order No. 9 (1948) of the Board.)
" Transportation industry " includes all operations in or incidental to the carrying or transporting
for reward, by any means whatever, other than by rail, water, or air, any goods, wares, merchandise,
article, articles, or material the property of persons other than the carrier, and the carrying or delivering of goods, wares, merchandise, article, articles, or material by or on behalf of any manufacturer,
jobber, private or public owner, or by or on behalf of any wholesale, retail, private, or public vendor
thereof, or dealer therein, and the carrying or delivering to or collecting from any other carrier of
goods by rail, water, air, or road transport for the purpose of being further transported to some
destination other than the place at which such aforementioned carriage or delivery terminates.
Weekly Hours
Weekly Hours
(1) Operators of motor-vehicles of 2,000 pounds net weight or over, as
specified on the motor-vehicle licence, exclusive of those specified in
section 7 hereof
Hourly rate  	
(2) Operators of motor-vehicles of less than 2,000 pounds net weight, as
specified on the motor-vehicle licence, exclusive of those specified in
sections 3 and 7 hereof
Hourly rate   	
(3) Operators of motor-cycles with not more than two wheels and without wheeled attachment
Hourly rate  - 	
(4) Bicycle-riders and foot-messengers employed exclusively on delivery
or messenger work
Hourly rate     	
(5) Swampers and helpers
Hourly rate _ 	
(6) Drivers of horse-drawn vehicles other than those covered by section
7 hereof
Hourly rate     	
Less than 40
54c.
Less than 40
48c.
Less than 40
36c.
Less than 40
24c.
Less than 40
48c.
Less than 40
54c.
(7)  Drivers of vehicles employed in the retail delivery of bread or in the
retail delivery of milk
Hourly rate, 48c.
40 and not more
than 50
48c.
40 and not more
than 50
42c.
40 and not more
than 48
30c.
40 and not more
than 48
20c.
40 and not more
than 50
42c.
40 and not more
than 50
48c.
Note.—(1) This Order does not apply to drivers, swampers or helpers covered by Order No. 9 (1948) of the
Board (see Order No. 26c (1948)).
(2) Where vehicle is provided by employee, all reasonable costs while vehicle is in use on employer's behalf shall
be in addition to above rates.
(3) Employees waiting on call to be paid at above rates.
(4) Milk-delivery employees may work 15 hours in excess of 44 per week, provided not more than 10 hours are
worked in any one day, nor more than 350 hours over a period of 7 weeks.
(5) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(6) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(7) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(8) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
* As amended by General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946), July 1st, 1946.
TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 26c (1948)
Effective September 13th, 1948
This Order amends Orders Nos. 26 (1940) and 26b by deleting from the application of those
Orders employees in the transportation industry to whom Order No. 9 (1948) applies. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950
H 91
UNDERTAKING BUSINESS
Male Minimum Wage Order No. 15 (1949)
Effective February 5th, 1950
" Undertaking business" means work performed in the preparing of the dead for burial and
arranging for and conducting funerals, and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes
the work of funeral attendants and funeral chauffeurs.
" Class A employee " means a male employee whose working-week consists of 40 hours or more.
" Class B employee " means a male employee whose working-week consists of less than 40 hours.
Rate
Hours
Class A  employees.
Class  B   employees .
Employees classified under  section 7  of the
Act "
' Male  Minimum Wage
$33.00 per week
80c. per hour
(See note (3) re
daily guarantee.)
Rate of pay prescribed in permit.
40-44 per week.
Less than 40 per
week.
Note.—(1) Order applies in the following areas: City of Vancouver, together with all that area known as Point
Grey, which lies to the west of the westerly boundary of the City of Vancouver; the City of New Westminster; the
Municipality of the District of Burnaby; the Municipality of the District of West Vancouver; the City of North
Vancouver; the District of North Vancouver; the City of Victoria; the Municipality of the District of Oak Bay; the
Municipality of the District of Saanich;   the Municipality of the District of Esquimau.
(2) Order does not apply to (a) musicians and vocalists; (b) employees covered by another Order of the Board
specifically defining their work; (c) persons holding positions of supervision or management or employed in a confidential capacity, so long as the duties performed by them are of a supervisory or managerial character.
(3) Daily Guarantee.—A minimum of 2 hours' pay at the employee's regular rate if the employee does not commence work and 4 hours' pay at the regular rate if the employee commences work, unless varied by the Board.
(4) Rest Period.—Thirty-two consecutive hours weekly, unless in exceptional cases different arrangements are
approved by the Board.
(5) Employees Residing on Premises.—The Board may approve an arrangement made between the employer find
the employee for the employee to answer emergency calls. Hours worked under such arrangement are not considered
as hours worked for the purposes of computing overtime, etc.
(6) Overtime.—Time and one-half of the employee's regular rate of pay for hours worked in excess of 8 in the
day and 44 in the week, except as provided in Notes 5 and 7.
(7) Board may vary the 8-hour-day and 44-hour-week provisions of the Order under certain circumstances.
(8) Split Shifts.—Working-hours of employees working on a split shift shall be confined within 12 hours immediately following commencement of work. The time spent by the employee answering emergency calls referred to in
Note 5 is not considered time worked for the purposes of this provision.
(9) Wages to be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(10) Copy of Order to be posted.
(11) Schedule of daily shifts and intervals free from duty to be posted. Record of wages and daily hours of
employees to be kept, together with register in the English language of names, ages, occupations, and residential
addresses of all employees.
(12) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(13) See Order No. 3 (1946) re uniforms.
(14) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed. H 92
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
COST AND UPKEEP OF UNIFORMS
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 3 (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946
1. Applies to every employer and to every male and female employee in every industry, business,
trade, and occupation to which the Male and Female Minimum Wage Acts apply.
2. (1) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2), when an employee is required to wear a
uniform or special article of wearing-apparel, it shall be furnished, cleaned, laundered, or repaired
free of cost to employee by employer.
(2) Where employer and employee make written application to the Board, the Board may give
written approval to a different arrangement regarding uniforms.
WOOD-WORKING INDUSTRY
Male and Female Minimum Wage Order No. 49 (1947)
Effective February 1st, 1947, Superseding Order No. 49 (1943)
" Wood-working industry" means all operations in establishments operated for the purpose of
manufacturing sash and doors, cabinets, show-cases, office and store furniture and fixtures, wood
furnishings, plywood, veneer products, and general mill-work products.
This Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in the woodworking industry, except employees covered by another Order of the Board specifically defining
their work.
Hourly Rate
Weekly Hours
Rate payable to at least 85% of total 	
Rate payable to balance of employees (inclusive of employees in respect
of whom a permit has been obtained under section 7 of " Male
Minimum Wage Act" or section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage
Act ") not less than	
Employees classified under section 7 of " Male Minimum Wage Act"
and section 6 of " Female Minimum Wage Act" for whose employment permits in writing are issued by the Board
Overtime: Employees working in excess of 8 hours in any one day or
44 hours in week (permits to be obtained from the Board to work
such overtime)
50c.
40c.
Rate as set out in
permit
Time and one-half of
the employee's regular rate of pay.
44
44
44
Note.—(1) Overtime rate of pay shall not apply to:—
(a) Persons holding positions of supervision or management as defined in section 4 of the " Hours of Work
Act."
(6) Employees working under an arrangement with respect to hours of work established pursuant to the provisions of section 5 or 11 of the " Hours of Work Act" until the employee has completed the hours so
established.
(2) Wages shall be paid at least as often as semi-monthly.
(3) Copy of this Order to be posted.
(4) Schedule setting out the daily shifts and intervals free from duty of each occupational group of his employees.
(5) Record of wages and daily hours to be kept, together with register in English of names, ages, occupations, and
residential addresses of all employees.
(6) Records to be produced to authorized officials.
(7) See Order No. 3 re uniforms.
(8) See Order No. 11 (1949) re rest periods.
(9) "Annual Holidays Act " to be observed.
The " Male Minimum Wage Act" and " Female Minimum Wage Act" section numbers referred to in this Order
are as they appear in the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1948."
Note.—The minimum wage rates provided in the Summary of Orders include the 20-percent increase provided in General Interim Minimum Wage Order (1946) wherever it applies. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H 93
GENERAL INTERIM MINIMUM WAGE ORDER (1946)
Effective July 1st, 1946
1. That this Order shall apply to every employer and to every male and female employee in every
industry, business, trade, or occupation covered by the following orders, namely:—
Order
No.
Industry
Date of Order
Minimum
Wage
Act
17 (1942)
•55 (1943)
70
76
•58
•65
*66
♦72
•73
•68
12 (1940)
•53
•54
18 (1942)
*39 (1940)
78
♦51
♦43 (1942)
♦44 (1942)
♦ 1 (1943)
♦25 (1942)
♦24
♦59
75
71
69
♦27
♦67
♦50 (1943)
♦62 (1943)
♦77 (1943)
♦33 (1940)
♦60
79
T26 (1940)
t26B
♦49 (1943)
Baking	
Box-manufacture-
Bus-drivers (Vancouver Island and Saltspring Island)..
Bus-drivers .	
Carpentry (Vancouver and District)..
Carpentry (Kootenay Area)	
Carpentry (Victoria and District)	
Carpentry (Alberni)	
Carpentry (Nanaimo) 	
Christmas-trees	
Construction	
Elevator Operators	
Elevator Operators 	
Engineers, Stationary Steam..
First-aid Attendants	
Fishing	
Household Furniture-
Janitors	
Jani tresses..
Logging-
Manufacturing	
Mercantile .	
Mercantile .	
Painters,  Decorators,   and  Paper-hangers   (southerly  portion  of
Vancouver Island)
Painters, Decorators, and Paper-hangers (Vancouver and District)	
Patrolmen	
Personal Service	
Public Places of Amusement-
Sawmills	
Shingle	
Shingle	
Taxicab-drivers-
Taxicab-drivers (Victoria and Vicinity)-
Telephone and Telegraph	
Transportation	
Transportation	
Wood-working	
July 15, 1942	
July 14, 1943	
March 12,1940	
September 21,1942-
September 15,1938-
June 23, 1939	
August 16, 1939	
May 14,1940..
May 14,1940..
August 31, 1939	
November 26, 1940-
February 28,1938	
February 28, 1938—
September 9,1942—
October 8, 1940	
April 14, 1943..
November 17, 1937..
September 9, 1942—
September 9, 1942—
July 14, 1943	
October 15, 1942	
May 29, 1935	
October 12, 1938	
April 22, 1941	
April 26, 1940	
January 19, 1940-
August 29,1935—
August 31, 1939—
June 25, 1943	
July 23, 1943-
July 23, 1943-
October 8, 1940	
November 15,1938-
March 13, 1945	
October 8, 1940	
August 12, 1941	
July 14, 1943	
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
2. That on and after the 1st day of July, 1946, all minimum wage-rates fixed by the orders of
the Board, as set out in section 1 of this Order, are hereby increased by adding thereto 20 per cent of
such minimum wage-rates.
3. That the orders as set out in section 1 of this Order are varied accordingly.
4. That this Order, made by the Board at Victoria, B.C., on the 25th day of June, 1946, and
published in The British Columbia Gazette on the 27th day of June, 1946, shall take effect on the 1st
day of July, 1946.
♦ Orders revised after July 1st, 1946.
t Orders Nos. 26 (1940) and 26b have been revised in part.   See Order No. 26c (1948) and Order No. 9 (1948).
BOARD OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MINIMUM WAGE ORDERS
The following is a complete list of all Orders in effect at May 31st, 1951:—
Serial
No.
Industry
Date of
Order
Date
Gazetted
Date
Effective
Minimum
Wage Act
41
2 (1946)
2a (1947)
6 (1948)
6a (1950)
17 (1942)
Apprentices Indentured..
Apprentices Indentured..
Apprentices Indentured..
Automotive Repair and Gasoline Service-
station
Automotive Repair and Gasoline Service-
station
Baking—  	
Feb. 3/37—
June 19/46..
Nov. 24/47-
Apr. 16/48...
May 25/50...
July 15/42._
Feb. 11/37	
June 27/46.....
Nov. 27/47.....
Apr. 22/48—
June 1/50	
July 16/42	
Feb.11/37	
July 1/46	
Dec. 1/47	
May 1/48	
June 1/50	
July 20/42—
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male. H 94 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
BOARD OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS MINIMUM WAGE ORDERS—Continued
Serial
No.
Industry
Date of
Order
Date
Gazetted
Date
Effective
Minimum
Wage Act
42 (1946)
55 (1947)
76
70
70a
58 (1947)
68 (1947)
12 (1940)
4(1946)
9 (1948)
9a (1948)
9b (1950)
53 (1949)
18 (1942)
39 (1948)
78
46 (1946)
46a (1950)
47 (1946)
47a (1946)
47b(1950)
14 (1949)
27 (1947)
16 (1949)
52 (1946)
52a (1946)
52a (1947)
52b (1948)
51 (1947)
43 (1950)
44 (1950)
74 (1946)
74a (1948)
1 (1947)
Id (1948)
25 (1948)
25a (1950)
24 (1949)
34 (1948)
75
71
69
5 (1947)
13 (1949)
67 (1948)
67a (1950)
8 (1948)
7 (1948)
11 (1949)
11a (1950)
50 (1947)
10 (1948)
62 (1947)
20 (1946)
33 (1950)
79
26 (1940)
26a (1940)
26b
26c (1948)
15 (1949)
3 (1946)
49 (1947)
Bartering .
Box-manufacturing..
Bus-drivers (Vancouver and Vicinity)	
Bus-drivers (Vancouver Island and Salt-
spring Island)
Bus-drivers (Vancouver Island and Salt-
spring Island)
Carpentry
Christmas-tree	
Construction 	
Cook- and Bunk-house Occupation (in
Unorganized Territory)
Drivers, Swampers, or Helpers in Transportation Industry as defined
Drivers, Swampers, or Helpers in Transportation Industry as defined
Drivers, Swampers, or Helpers in Transportation Industry as defined
Elevator Operators
Engineers, Stationary Steam..
First-aid Attendants	
Fishing.
Fruit and Vegetable  	
Fruit and Vegetable	
Fruit and Vegetable	
Fruit and Vegetable	
Fruit and Vegetable	
General  Interim  Minimum  Wage  Order
(1946)
Grass Dehydration	
Hairdressing  	
Hospital Institutions	
Hotel and Catering.
Hotel and Catering (Resort Hotels) (Unorganized Territory)
Hotel and Catering	
Hotel and Catering	
Household Furniture	
Janitor and Janitress in Apartment Buildings
Janitor and Janitress in Buildings Other
than Apartment Buildings	
Laundry, Cleaning and Dyeing	
Laundry, Cleaning and Dyeing	
Logging
Logging
Manufacturing .
Manufacturing..
Mercantile	
Office Occupation	
Painters, Decorators, and Paper-hangers
(Southerly Portion Vancouver Island)
Painters, Decorators, and Paper-hangers
(Vancouver and District)
Patrolman	
Personal Service  	
Plumbing and Pipe-fitting	
Public Places of Amusement, etc	
Public Places of Amusement, etc	
Radio-broadcast Technicians	
Radio Technicians	
Rest Periods	
Rest Periods 	
Sawmills .	
Sheet-metal Trade.
Shingle	
Ship-building.
Taxicab Drivers and Dispatchers .
Telephone and Telegraph	
Transportation 	
Transportation	
Transportation.
Transportation-
June 19/46 ..
Jan. 16/47...
Sept. 21/42.
Mar. 12/40 .
June 21/40 -
July 29/47-
May 9/47	
Nov. 26/40.
June 26/46 ..
Aug. 3/48-
Dec. 3/48-
Aug. 8/50
Undertaking Business	
Uniforms, Cost and Upkeep of_
Wood-working	
Jan. 10/49	
Sept. 9/42	
May 20/48 ._.
Apr. 14/43	
June 25/46 ....
Nov. 24/50 ....
June 25/46 —
Apr. 18/47—
Nov. 24/50 _
June 25/46 _
May 26/49...
May 2/47 —
Nov. 4/49 ...
June 19/46.
June 26/46 .
Nov. 24/47..
Apr. 26/48 .
Jan. 16/47...
Nov. 24/50...
Nov. 24/50-
June 25/46 —
Nov. 25/48—
Jan.16/47	
June 4/48	
Aug. 3/48.	
Nov. 24/50—
Nbv. 4/49	
Aug. 3/48	
Apr. 22/41—
Apr. 26/40....
Jan. 19/40 _
Aug. 15/47....
June 16/49—
Aug. 3/48	
May 11/50—
Aug. 3/48	
May 20/48—
Feb. 16/49 ....
Oct. 6/50	
Jan. 16/47	
Aug. 3/48 —
Jan.16/47 _
June 19/46....
Nov. 13/50 —
Mar. 13/45 ...
Oct. 8/40	
Nov. 26/40._
Aug. 12/41	
Aug. 3/48 —
Dec. 9/49	
June 19/46 —
Jan.16/47	
June 27/46.
Jan. 23/47...
Sept. 24/42.
Mar. 14/40..
June 27/40_
July 31/47-
May 15/47...
Nov. 28/40..
July 4/46	
Aug. 12/48..
Dec. 9/48 ...
Aug. 17/50.
Jan.
Sept.
May
Apr.
June
Nov.
June
Apr.
Nov.
June
20/49 ..
17/42.
27/48..
22/43 ..
27/46 _
30/50..
27/46..
24/47 ..
30/50..
27/46..
June 2/49....
May 8/47._.
Nov. 10/49.
June 27/46..
July 4/46 —
Nov. 27/47 _
Apr. 29/48...
Jan. 23/47...
Nov. 30/50.
Dec. 7/50 _.
June 27/46.
Dec. 2/48—
Jan. 23/47._
June 10/48 .
Aug. 12/48 .
Nov. 30/50 .
Dec. 1/49-
Aug. 12/48..
Apr. 24/41..
May 2/40.
Jan. 25/40..
Aug. 21/47..
June 23/49...
Aug. 12/48..
May 18/50..
Aug. 12/48..
May 27/48...
Feb. 24/49...
Oct. 12/50...
Jan. 23/47-
Aug. 12/48-
Jan. 23/47—
June 27/46.
Nov. 23/50.
Mar. 15/45-
Oct. 10/40 ..
Nov. 28/40.
Aug. 14/41...
Aug. 12/48...
Feb. 2/50 ...
June 27/46...
Jan. 23/47—
July 1/46—
Feb. 1/47 —
Sept. 28/42 .
Mar. 18/40.
June 27/40 _
Aug. 4/47...
May 15/47...
Nov. 28/40 .
July 8/46
Sept. 13/48 .
Dec. 9/48 ....
Aug. 17/50 .
Jan. 31/49—.
Sept. 21/42-
May 31/48..-
May 3/43	
July 1/46—
Feb. 1/51	
July 1/46	
Apr. 24/47—
Feb.1/51	
July 1/46.	
June 2/49 .	
May 12/47	
Nov. 10/49	
July 1/46	
July 15 to Sept.
15 each year
Dec. 1/47	
Apr. 29/48 —
Feb. 1/47	
Jan. 1/51-
Jan.1/51	
July 1/46—
Dec. 2/48 ....
Feb. 1/47 —
June 10/48...
Aug. 12/48.
Nov. 30/50.
Jan. 1/50 —
Sept. 13/48..
June 2/41—
June 1/40-
Feb. 5/40 —
Aug. 25/47-
July 25/49....
Sept. 13/48 .
May 18/50..
Sept. 13/48 .
May 31/48..
Mar. 28/49..
Oct. 16/50...
Feb. 1/47—
Sept. 13/48..
Feb. 1/47—
July 1/46 ...
Dec. 18/50..
Apr. 16/45 ..
Oct. 10/40...
Nov. 28/40..
Aug. 18/41...
Sept. 13/48-
Feb. 5/50 —
July 1/46	
Feb. 1/47	
Male.
Male and Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male and Female.
Male.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male.
Male and Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and Female.
Male and
Male and
Male and
Male.
Male.
Male and
Male and
Male and
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male and
Male.
Male and
Male and
Male and
Male and
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male and
Male.
Male and
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male and
Male.
Male and
Male and
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female. —
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950 H 95
SUMMARY OF REGULATIONS MADE PURSUANT TO
" HOURS OF WORK ACT "
(And as Amended by Interim Amendments (1946), Effective July 1st, 1946)
Section 3.—"Subject to the exceptions provided by or under this Act, the
working-hours of an employee in any industrial undertaking shall not exceed eight
in the day and forty-four in the week."
E IT KNOWN that the  Board of Industrial  Relations has made the following regulations,
namely:—■
Note.—Regulation No. 1 cancelled by No. 30.   Cancellation effective October 31st, 1945.
B
Lumbering, Night Shift
2. Persons employed in sawmills, planing-mills, and shingle-mills on night shifts may work a total
of 44 hours each week in five nights, in lieu of 44 hours each week in six nights, but the number of
hours worked in any night must not exceed 9.
Logging
3. Persons employed in:-—■
(1) The logging industry in:—
(a) Booming operations; or
(b) Transporting logs by logging-railway, motor-truck, flume, horse, or river-driving; or
(c) Transporting workmen or supplies for purposes of the said industry;
(d) The occupation of boatman;
(e) The occupation of emergency fire-fighters:
Fish -canning
(2) Canning fish or manufacturing by-products from fish, but not those engaged in salting fish;
and in
Cook and Bunk Houses
(3) Cook and bunk houses in connection with any industrial undertaking in unorganized
territory,-—
are hereby exempted from the limits prescribed by section 3 of the said Act.
Engineers, Operators, Firemen, and Oilers or Greasers
4b. In all industrial undertakings which use steam, gasoline, or diesel engines, or electric energy
as motive power and which are operated with a single shift of engineers or operators, firemen, and
oilers or greasers, the engineers or operators, firemen, and oilers or greasers may work overtime to
the extent of one hour per day to perform preparatory or complementary work in addition to the
maximum hours of work prescribed by section 3, or established pursuant to section 5, 11 (3), or
11 (4) of the Act, with effect from the 13th day of January, 1949.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 11th day of January, 1949.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, January 13th, 1949.)
Note.—Regulation No. 5 cancelled by No. 5a, October 9th, 1947.
Emergency Repairs
6. While engaged upon repair work requiring immediate performance, persons employed in
shipyards, engineering-works, machine-shops, foundries, welding plants, sheet-metal works, belt-works,
saw-works, and plants of a like nature may work such hours in addition to the working-hours limited
by section 3 of the said Act as (but not more than) may be necessary to prevent serious loss to, or
interruption in the operation of, the industrial undertaking for which the repairs are being made.
Seasonal Boxes and Shooks
7. Persons employed in the manufacture of wooden boxes or wooden containers for shipment
or distribution of fish, fruit, or vegetables may work during the months of June, July, August, and
September in each year such hours in excess of the limit prescribed by section 3 of the said Act as
may from time to time be necessary to fill urgent orders.
Note.—Regulation No. 8 cancelled by No. 8a, February 13th, 1936.
Note.—Regulation No. 9 cancelled by No. 9a, September 26th, 1940.
Seasonal Lithographing
10. During the months of May, June, July, August, September, and October in each year persons
employed in the lithographing industry may work such hours in excess of the hours prescribed by
section 3 of the said Act as may from time to time be necessary to fill urgent orders. This exemption
shall only apply when sufficient competent help is not available. H 96 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
Temporary Exemptions
11. Temporary exceptions will be allowed by the Board by the granting of written temporary
exemption permits limiting by their terms the extent thereof, but only upon being satisfied by
application in writing, signed by the applicant or someone thereunto duly authorized, of the urgency
and necessity for the exception, that it is of a temporary nature, and that no other means of adequately
overcoming such temporary urgent condition is, or has been, reasonably available, and that the
additional working-hours applied for will not be more than will suffice for the extra pressure of work
requiring the same.
Overtime Record
12. Every employer shall keep a record in the manner required by subsection (1) of section 9
of the said Act of all additional hours worked in pursuance of section 6 of the said Act or in pursuance
of any regulation.
12a. Every employer shall furnish the Board with a copy of his payroll, or record in such form
prescribed by the Board, showing the hours worked and the nature of the work performed by his
employees in respect of section 6 of the Act, or Regulations Nos. 6 and 11 of the Board, not later than
15 days after such hours have been worked.    (Effective December 12th, 1940.)
13. Every employer shall notify, by means of the posting of notices in conspicuous places in
the works or other suitable place, where the same may readily be seen by all persons employed by
him, the hours at which work begins and ends, and, where work is carried on by shifts, the hours at
which each shift begins and ends; also such rest intervals accorded during the period of work as are
not reckoned as part of the working-hours; these hours shall be so fixed that the duration of the work
shall not exceed the limits prescribed by the " Hours of Work Act, 1934," or by the regulations made
thereunder, and when so notified they shall not be changed except upon 24 hours' notice of such
change posted as hereinbefore specified, and in all cases of partial or temporary exemption granted
by the Board of Industrial Relations under sections 11 and 12 of the Act or Regulation 11 above,
a like notice of the change in working-hours shall be posted, which notice shall also state the grounds
on which the exemption was granted.
Made and given at Victoria, British Columbia, this 14th day of June, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, June 14th, 1934.    Effective June 14th, 1934.)
REGULATION No. 14
Occupation of Barbering
The occupation of barbering is hereby added to the Schedule of the said Act, the approval of the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by Order
in Council dated the 24th day of July, 1934.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 24th day of July, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, August 2nd, 1934.   Effective August 2nd, 1934.)
REGULATION No. 15
Mercantile Industry
The mercantile industry is hereby added to the Schedule of the said Act, the approval of the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by Order
in Council dated the 7th day of August, 1934.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 9th day of August, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, August 9th, 1934.   Effective August 9th, 1934.)
Regulations Nos. 15a, 15b, 15c, and 15d Cancelled by
REGULATION No. 15e
Mercantile Industry
Note.—Regulation No. 15e cancelled by No. 29, September 30th, 1939. (■PH
REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 97
Regulations Nos. 16, 16a, 16b, 16c, 16d, and 16e Cancelled by
REGULATION No. 16f
Mercantile Industry—Drug-stores
1. Persons employed in drug-stores as registered apprentices, certified clerks, or licentiates of
pharmacy may work not more than 88 hours in any two successive weeks, but in no case shall the
hours of work of any such registered apprentice, certified clerk, or licentiate of pharmacy exceed 48
hours in any one week, or 9 hours in any one day.
2. Regulation No. 16e of the Board made and given at Victoria, B.C., the 30th day of August,
1938, is hereby cancelled.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 3rd day of April, 1939.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, April 6th, 1939.    Effective April 6th, 1939.)
REGULATION No. 17
Baking Industry
The baking industry, by which expression is meant all operations in or incidental to the manufacture and delivery of bread, biscuits, or cakes, is hereby added to the Schedule of the said Act,
the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having
been obtained by Order in Council dated the 6th day of November, 1934.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 22nd day of November, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, November 22nd, 1934.    Effective November 22nd, 1934.)
REGULATION No. 17c
Baking Industry
With effect from the 30th day of December, 1948, the working-hours of persons employed in the
baking industry as deliverymen may exceed 8 in the day and 44 in the week, but, subject to the exceptions provided by or under the said Act, in no case shall the weekly limit of hours of work prescribed
by section 3 of the said Act be exceeded by more than 4 hours.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 15th day of December, 1948.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, December 16th, 1948.)
REGULATION No. 18
Catering Industry
The catering industry, which includes all operations in or incidental to the preparation or to the
serving, or to both preparation and serving, of meals or refreshments where the meals or refreshments
are served or intended to be served in any hotel, restaurant, eating-house, dance-hall, cabaret, banquet-
hall, cafeteria, tea-room, lunch-room, lunch-counter, ice-cream parlour, soda-fountain, or in any other
place where food is served and a charge is made for the same either directly or indirectly, whether
such charge is made against the persons who partake of the meals or refreshments or against some
other person, is hereby added to the Schedule to the said Act, the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by Order in Council dated the
9th day of November, 1934.
This regulation shall come into force on the 1st day of December, 1934.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 9th day of November, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, November 15th, 1934.    Effective December 1st, 1934.) H 98 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
REGULATION No. 19
Retail Florists
Persons employed in the establishments of retail florists may work such hours in addition to the
working-hours limited by section 3 of the said Act as (but only so many as) shall be necessary to
surmount extraordinary conditions which cannot reasonably be otherwise overcome: Provided that
the working-hours of such persons shall not exceed 88 hours on the average in any two successive
weeks.
In determining extraordinary conditions the decision of the Board shall be final, and where the
Board is of the opinion that, under the provisions of this regulation, the working-hours limited by
section 3 of the Act are being unduly exceeded, the Board shall, by written notification to the management, exclude the employer's establishment from the provisions of this regulation for such period
of time as the Board considers advisable.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 9th day of November, 1934.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, November 15th, 1934.    Effective November 15th, 1934.)
REGULATION No. 20
Occupation of Elevator Operator
The occupation of elevator operator is hereby added to the Schedule to the said Act, the approval
of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by
Order in Council dated the 15th day of February, 1935.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 28th day of February, 1935.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, February 28th, 1935.    Effective February 28th, 1935.)
Regulations Nos. 21, 21b, 21c, 21d, 21e, 21f, 21g, 21h, 21j, and 21k Cancelled by
REGULATION No. 21m
Fruit and Vegetable Industry
The fruit and vegetable industry, which means all operations in establishments operated for the
purpose of canning, preserving, drying, or packing any kind of fresh fruit or vegetable, is hereby
exempt from the operation of the " Hours of Work Act" from June 1st to November 30th, inclusive,
in each year.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, June 27th, 1946.    Effective July 1st, 1946.)
REGULATION No. 22
Transportation Industry
The transportation industry, which includes all operations in or incidental to the carrying or
transporting for reward, by any means whatever, other than by rail, water, or air, any goods, wares,
merchandise, article, articles, or material the property of persons other than the carrier, and the
carrying or delivering of goods, wares, merchandise, article, articles, or material by or on behalf of
any manufacturer, jobber, private or public owner, or by or on behalf of any wholesale, retail, private,
or public vendor thereof, or dealer therein, and the carrying or delivering to or collecting from any
other carrier of goods by rail, water, air, or road transport, for the purpose of being further transported to some destination other than the place at which such aforementioned carriage or delivery
terminates, is hereby added to the Schedule to the said " Hours of Work Act, 1934," the approval
of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained
by Order in Council dated the 14th day of June, 1935.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 19th day of June, 1935.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, June 20th, 1935.    Effective June 20th, 1935.) REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950 H 99
REGULATION No. 23
Transportation Industry
1. That where used in this regulation the expression "transportation industry" includes all
operations in or incidental to the carrying or transporting for reward, by any means whatever, other
than by rail, water, or air, any goods, wares, merchandise, article, articles, or material the property
of persons other than the carrier, and the carrying or delivering of goods, wares, merchandise, article,
articles, or material by or on behalf of any manufacturer, jobber, private or public owner, or by or
on behalf of any wholesale, retail, private, or public vendor thereof, or dealer therein, and the
carrying or delivering to or collecting from any other carrier of goods by rail, water, air, or road
transport, for the purpose of being further transported to some destination other than the place at
which such aforementioned carriage or delivery terminates.
2. That employees in the transportation industry, other than those employed as (a) operators
of motor-cycles, (b) bicycle-riders and foot-messengers employed exclusively on delivery or messenger work, and (c) drivers of vehicles employed in the retail delivery of milk, are hereby permitted
to work 6 hours per week in excess of the hours prescribed by section 3 of the said " Hours of Work
Act, 1934," in accordance with the provisions of Order No. 26 of the said Board of Industrial Relations dated the 19th day of June, 1935, fixing minimum wages in the transportation industry: Provided that no such employee in the transportation industry shall work more than 10 hours in any
one day.
3. That employees in the transportation industry employed as drivers of vehicles in the retail
delivery of milk are hereby permitted to work 15 hours per week in excess of the hours prescribed by
section 3 of the said " Hours of Work Act, 1934 ": Provided that over a period of seven weeks no
such employee shall work more than 350 hours, nor more than 10 hours in any one day.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 19th day of June, 1935.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, June 20th, 1935.   Effective June 20th, 1935.)
REGULATION No. 24
Occupation of Hotel Clerk
The occupation of hotel clerk, which includes the work of all persons engaged as room clerks
(day or night), mail clerks, information clerks, cashiers, book-keepers, accountants, telephone
operators, and any other persons employed in clerical work in hotels, is hereby added to the
Schedule to the said " Hours of Work Act, 1934," the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in
Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by Order in Council dated the
20th day of September, 1935.
Made and given at Vancouver, British Columbia, this 25th day of September, 1935.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, September 26th, 1935.   Effective September 26th, 1935.)
Note.—Regulation No. 26 cancelled by No. 30.   Cancellation effective October 31st, 1945.
Note.—Regulation Nos. 28 and 28a cancelled by No. 28b. Cancellation effective December
17th, 1950.
REGULATION No. 29b
Mercantile Industry
With effect from the 12th day of July, 1951, persons employed in the mercantile industry, which
includes all establishments operated for the purpose of wholesale and (or) retail trade in the Province
of British Columbia, with the exception of the City of Vancouver, the City of North Vancouver, the
Municipality of the District of West Vancouver, the Municipality of the District of Burnaby, the City
of Victoria, the Municipality of the Township of Esquimalt, the Municipality of the District of Oak
Bay, the Municipality of the District of Saanich, and the City of New Westminster, may work 3 hours
per day in excess of the limit prescribed by section 3 of the said Act on one day of each week, either
Friday or Saturday, and on the day preceding a statutory holiday when such statutory holiday occurs
on a Saturday, but the total hours worked in any one week shall not exceed 44.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 5th day of July, 1951.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, July 12th, 1951.) H 100 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
REGULATION No. 30
Lumbering East of the Cascades
Be it known that, pursuant to and by virtue of the powers and authority vested in the Board of
Industrial Relations by the " Hours of Work Act," the said Board hereby cancels Regulation No. 1
of the Board, dated the 14th day of June, 1934, and Regulation No. 26 of the Board, dated the 23rd
day of March, 1938, such cancellation to be effective as and from the 31st day of October, 1945.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 24th day of September, 1945.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, September 27th, 1945.)
REGULATION No. 31
Occupation of Cemetery-workers
The occupation of cemetery-workers is hereby added to the Schedule to the " Hours of Work
Act," the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule
having been obtained by Order in Council dated the 6th day of December, 1946.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 11th day of December, 1946.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, January 23rd, 1947.)
REGULATION No. 33
Occupations of Stationary Steam Engineer and Special Engineer
The occupation of stationary steam engineer, by which expression is meant every employee
engaged in the occupation of producing steam in a steam plant under the authority of a certificate
of competency, as defined by the " Boiler Inspection Act" of the Province of British Columbia, or
who is in charge of, or responsible for, any steam boiler or engine while under steam-pressure or in
motion, and the occupation of special engineer, by which expression is meant every employee operating under the authority of a special certificate or a temporary certificate, as defined by the said
" Boiler Inspection Act," are hereby added to the Schedule to the " Hours of Work Act," the approval
of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by
Order in Council dated the 10th day of October, 1947.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 21st day of October, 1947.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, October 23rd, 1947.)
REGULATION No. 34
Occupations of Bar-tender, Waiter, and Utility Man, within Premises Covered by Beer
Licences Issued Pursuant to the Provisions of Section 28 of the " Government Liquor
Act."
The occupations of bar-tender, waiter, and utility man, within premises covered by beer licences
issued pursuant to the provisions of section 28 of the " Government Liquor Act," are hereby added
to the Schedule of the " Hours of Work Act," the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to
such addition to the said Schedule having been obtained by Order in Council dated the 16th day of
September, 1947.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 16th day of September, 1947.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, September 18th, 1947.) REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 101
REGULATION No. 34e
Occupations of Bar-tender, Waiter, and Utility Man, within Premises Covered by Beer
Licences Issued Pursuant to the Provisions of the " Government Liquor Act "
The working-hours of persons employed as bar-tenders, waiters, and utility men working on a
split shift, within premises covered by beer licences issued pursuant to the provisions of the " Government Liquor Act," shall be confined within 13 hours immediately following commencement of work.
Made and given at Victoria, B.C., this 6th day of July, 1950.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, July 13th, 1950.)
REGULATION No. 35
Grass-dehydration Industry
Persons other than office employees employed in the grass-dehydration industry, which means
all operations in establishments operated for the purpose of dehydrating or processing grasses, clovers,
and alfalfa, are hereby exempt from the operation of the " Hours of Work Act" from April 1 st to
September 30th, inclusive, in each year.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 26th day of May, 1949.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, June 2nd, 1949.)
REGULATION No. 36
Logging Industry—Hostlers
That effective from the 21st day of July, 1949, the working-hours of persons employed as hostlers,
working on a split shift, in the logging industry shall be confined within 16 hours immediately following
commencement of work.
Made and given at Vancouver, B.C., this 18th day of July, 1949.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, July 21st, 1949.)
" HOURS OF WORK ACT," " FEMALE MINIMUM WAGE ACT," AND
" MALE MINIMUM WAGE ACT "
The Board authorizes the following persons, namely:—
The Chairman of the Board of Industrial Relations,
The Chief Administrative Officer,
The Supervisor of the Vancouver office,
The Supervisor of Inspectors in the Interior,—
to issue temporary exemptions to industrial undertakings to deal with exceptional cases of pressure
of work, and to issue permission in writing allowing the working-hours of any employee in an industrial undertaking in such exceptional cases to exceed the limit of 8 hours a day or 44 hours a week.
(Published in B.C. Gazette, January 9th, 1947.)
PROVINCIAL   UtitiAKl,
Victoria, b. a H  102
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN
For a commentary in connection with the " Control of Employment of Children
Act," the reader is referred to the report of the Factory Inspection Department under the
heading " Child Employment."
The Schedule to the Act specifies and defines the occupations or industries for which
permits are required; these include:—
(1) Manufacturing industry.
(2) Ship-building industry.
(3) Generation of electricity or motor-power of any kind.
(4) Logging industry.
(5) Construction industry.
(6) Catering industry.
(7) Public places of amusement.
(8) Mercantile industry.
(9) Shoe-shine stands.
(10) Automobile service-stations.
(11) Transportation industry.
The following table contains a summary of permits issued and cancelled from
January 1st to December 31st, 1950, inclusive:-—■
Summary of Permits Issued and Cancelled
to Year Ended December 31
st, 1950
District
o
ffl
<4-
c
0£
O
H
u
rt
a)
"5
o
•a
V
o
__T3
o
ra
5
o
H
£.2
1:0
bo
o
-1
8$
rt
O
E u
S3
O
o
C/J
w5
91
£3
O rt
HO
'2 Si
SB
Permits in effect, January
1st, 1950 —	
224
161
18
28
242
189
6
16
	
i
14
18
30
10
186
142
2
2
4
242
Vancouver  .       	
189
Cancellations  	
177
31
208
15
	
18
16
156
1
2
208
—.
Victoria 	
127
25
152
7
10
39
91
	
2
3
152
Cancellations- . - 	
104
24
128
8
	
14
22
77
3
4
128
	
Kamloops.   .   .. 	
2
2
4
	
	
	
2
	
2
	
	
4
Cancellations	
4
2
6
	
	
—
—
2
4
—
	
	
6
	
Kelowna    .	
3
3
1
1
1
	
	
	
3
Cancellations	
3
1
4
	
	
—
2
1
1
	
	
4
	
Nelson  	
1
1
2
1
___
1
	
	
2-
Cancellations   	
1
1
2
1
	
	
1
	
	
	
2
	
Prince George. 	
14
3
17
4
2
1
	
10
	
	
17
Cancellations  .     ..
11
4
15
2
	
—
2
I
1
8
—
—
1
15
	
Smithers    ...
1
5
6
1
	
1
1
3
	
___
6
Cancellations	
2
2
4
	
1
3
	
4
	
Permits in effect, Janu
ary 1st, 1950	
224
18
242
6
	
14
30
186
2
4
242
Total issued, January
1st to December 31st,
1950 	
309
64
373
30
3
33
51
249
4
3
373
Total     cancellations,
January 1st to De
cember 31st, 1950.	
302
64
367
26
	
2
38
41
249
—
4
7
367
	
Permits in effect, De
cember 31st, 1950
231
8
248
10
—
1
9
40
186
—
2
	
	
248 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER,  1950
H  103
REPORT OF LABOUR RELATIONS BOARD  (BRITISH COLUMBIA)
Head office
Branch office..
   Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
 570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
Members of the Board
*J. Pitcairn Hogg, K.C., Chairman	
Lieut.-Col. Macgregor F. Macintosh..
F. W. Smelts, M.B.E.— 	
George A. Wilkinson  	
Harry Strange 	
Edward A. Jamieson .
Secretary
 Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
 Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
..570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
— Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
..570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
.570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
B. H. E. Goult...
N. deW. Lyons .
W. Fraser..
R. G. Clements ..
Chief Executive Officer
Registrar
Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Senior Conciliation Officer
..Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Assistant Registrar
-570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
-570 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
The Honourable John H. Cates,
Minister of Labour,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—We have the honour to present the Third Annual Report of the Labour
Relations Board (British Columbia), for the year ended December 31st, 1950.
It is with profound regret that the Board must record the death of its esteemed
Chairman, Mr. J. Pitcairn Hogg, K.C., on July 23rd, 1950, following a prolonged illness.
During Mr. Hogg's sickness, and in the period intervening since his demise, the
Board fully discharged its responsibilities and no cases nor decisions were delayed during
that time.
Mr. D'Arcy J. Baldwin has since been named as Chairman of the Board.
It is to be anticipated that, in the very nature of the work done by the Board, some,
who are adversely affected by its decisions, will voice criticism. And, while such criticism has been expressed, the Board has taken pleasure in transmitting to you, Sir,
numerous letters of commendation directed to both the Board and its staff for their efforts
in the interests of industrial peace in the Province.
It should be explained that, in order to expedite its work, the Board has arranged
that there should be Committees of the Board both in Vancouver and Victoria. During
the year under review, these Committees held 483 meetings.
Additionally, the Board has held thirty-two meetings during the year. Thus, the
Board and the Committees of the Board have held a total of 515 meetings during 1950.
The Board has, at all times, kept before it the objects of the " Industrial Conciliation
and Arbitration Act," under which its functions are discharged. These, of course, are
the maintenance and continuance of industrial peace in British Columbia. In accordance,
therefore, with the practice established during 1948, the Board has extended the fullest
opportunity to all interested parties of appearing before it in person and of submitting
representations. It is interesting to note, in this connection, that fifty-six delegations
have appeared before the full Board, while 1,014 delegations appeared before the
Committees of the Board in Vancouver and Victoria. The Board has been insistent that
each case before it be decided upon its individual merits, since there can be no hard and
* Mr. Hogg died July 23rd, 1950. H 104 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
fast rule for their disposal. Indeed, it must be reiterated that there must be reasonable
elasticity in dealing with the diversity of problems which arise between industry and
labour.
The Board and its Committees have devoted much of their time to the mediation
of industrial disputes, with a view to averting time-loss in industry, when all other means
have been exhausted.
Industrial disputes within the Province fall within the jurisdiction of either the
Federal Labour Relations Board or the British Columbia Board. The greatest time-loss
during the year was that in the transportation industry, occasioned mainly by strikes of
the non-operating employees of the two national railroads and seamen on the British
Columbia Coast. This loss within the industry totalled approximately 78,879 man-days.
The disputes which occasioned these strikes were not, of course, within the purview of the
British Columbia Board.
Time-loss in those industries within the jurisdiction of the Province was 26,913
man-days—a decrease from the over-all figure for 1949, despite the sharp increase in
the number of disputes and in the number of supervised strike votes which engaged the
attention of the Board.
It is difficult to assess with accuracy the number of strikes which have been averted
through the efforts of the Board, which, however, has reason to believe that it has
rendered not inconsiderable service to the public, management, and labour by its efforts
at mediation in some thirty-three difficult cases. Reference may be made to disputes
in the lumbering industry throughout the Province, a dispute in the coal-mining industry,
various disputes in the hard-rock mining field, in the building industry in Victoria, in the
public-entertainment field, and many others.
Additionally, in sixteen instances where strike action had taken place, settlement
was reached with the assistance of the Board. These settlements involved disputes in the
logging industry, building, contracting, silver mines, Vancouver shipyards, the shoe-
making industry, and the electrical-sign business. Details of these disputes are
summarized in Table IV.
The Board has continued the publication of its Weekly Summary of Activities, which
has a mailing-list of 225. The summary is descriptive of the appointment of Conciliation
Officers, their reports, the appointment of Boards of Conciliation, the reports of such
Boards, and the issuance of certificates of bargaining authority. Additionally, daily news
releases are distributed to the press. This service, which was begun in 1949, was
continued during 1950.
The members of the Board have welcomed the opportunity of familiarizing the
general public with the requirements of the " Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act "
and of giving advice upon what has been done in an endeavour to maintain industrial
peace. The Board members have therefore addressed meetings of the following organizations during the year: Federation of Fruit and Vegetable Workers' Unions Convention,
Penticton; Okanagan Trades and Labour Council Annual Banquet, Kelowna; Kelowna
Liberal Association, Kelowna; Okanagan Trades and Labour Council, Kelowna; Free
Enterprise Committee, Vancouver Board of Trade; Port Alberni and Alberni Automotive
Maintenance Workers' Federal Union, Local 345, T.L.C.; United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners of America, Local 1638, Courtenay; Personnel Class, Department
of Commerce, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; public meeting sponsored by
International Brotherhood of Pulp, Sulphite, and Paper Mill Workers, Powell River;
Saanich Municipal Employees' Association; over radio station CFPR, Prince Rupert,
under the auspices of the Prince Rupert Board of Trade and Junior Chamber of Commerce; Prince Rupert Junior Chamber of Commerce; Prince Rupert Rotary Club;
Prince  Rupert  Trades  and  Labour  Council;   Courtenay  Automotive  Maintenance REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1950 H 105
Workers' Federal Union; Vancouver Laundry and Dry Cleaners; Vancouver Rotary
Club; Sheet Metal Association of British Columbia, Vancouver; South Okanagan
trade-union picnic, Rutland; North Okanagan trade-union picnic, Winfield, Kimberley
Rotary Club; Cranbrook Rotary Club; Fruit and Vegetable Workers' Union, Penticton;
Okanagan Trades and Labour Council, Kelowna; and Labour Relations Class, Victoria
College (Evening Division).
During the year, the Board dealt with a total of 1,491 cases. There were 765
applications for certification, of which 540 were granted, 117 rejected, and 108 withdrawn.    Eighty-eight others were being investigated at December 31st.
In addition, there were 322 strike votes supervised, 45 representation votes conducted, 241 Conciliation Officers instructed, 110 Conciliation Boards appointed, 5
permissions to prosecute granted, and 3 grievance procedures provided.
The 241 references to Conciliation Officers resulted in the settlement of 116 disputes.
One hundred and one cases were referred to Boards of Conciliation. Of these, one
was withdrawn and, in one instance, negotiations were discontinued. Two cases resulted
in cancellation of negotiations. Seventeen cases were unterminated at the end of the
year. Three cases were referred to Boards of Arbitration, in conformity with the
grievance procedure contained in the contracts between the parties.
Though 101 cases were referred to Boards of Conciliation, 110 Boards were
appointed. This discrepancy is explained by the fact that four references did not result
in the appointment of Conciliation Boards in 1950; fifteen references resulted in the
appointment of but six Boards. Nineteen Conciliation Boards established in the year
under review resulted from recommendations by Conciliation Officers made in 1949.
Eight Boards were established without prior referral to Conciliation Officers and, in four
cases where a Conciliation Officer recommended a Board of Conciliation, disputes were
settled by the parties without recourse to a Conciliation Board. In one instance, where
a Conciliation Officer recommended a Board of Conciliation, the union was decertified
before the Board was constituted.
Summaries of (I) Cases Dealt with in 1950, (II) Conciliation, (III) Boards of
Conciliation, (IV) Industrial Disputes, (V) Analysis of Industrial Disputes in British
Columbia, 1935-50 (with graph), and (VI) Analysis of Disputes by Industries in British
Columbia, 1950, follow:—
Table I.—Summary of Cases Dealt with in 1950, Showing
Comparison for 1949
1949 1950
Number of applications dealt with     757 765
1949 1950
Certifications granted  594        540
Applications—
Rejected     95        117
Withdrawn      68        108
Representative votes conducted       80 45
Conciliation Officers appointed    246 241
Conciliation Boards established      97* 110*
Prosecutions instituted by Board  	
Grievance procedures provided       12 3
Strike votes supervised.     119 322
Permissions to prosecute granted        7 5
Industrial Inquiry Commissions appointed  	
1,318 1,491
•In 1949 there were four arbitral tribunals (see section 26, "Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act") and
one mediation committee (see section 27, "Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act"). In 1950 there were two
mediation committees and twelve arbitral tribunals. H 106
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
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