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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE VITAL STATISTICS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA SEVENTY-SEVENTH… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1951

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 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE
VITAL STATISTICS
OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
SEVENTY-SEVENTH REPORT
FOR THE YEAR
1948
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1950.  Victoria, B.C., May 29th, 1950.
To His Honour Charles A. Banks,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned has the honour to present the Report on Vital Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia for the year 1948.
A. D. TURNBULL,
Minister of Health and Welfare. Department of Health and Welfare,
Victoria, B.C., May 29th, 1950.
The Honourable A. D. Turnbull,
Minister of Health and Welfare, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Seventy-seventh Report on Vital Statistics
in the Province of British Columbia.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
G. F. AMYOT,
Deputy Minister of Health and
Provincial Health Officer.
Division of Vital Statistics,
Victoria, B.C., May 29th, 1950.
G. F. Amyot, Esq., M.D., D.P.H.,
Deputy Minister of Health, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Seventy-seventh Report on Vital Statistics in
the Province of British Columbia for the year ended December 31st, 1948.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. H. DOUGHTY,
Director of Vital Statistics. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Introduction  11
PART I.
GENERAL STATISTICAL SUMMARY BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE.
General Summary  13
Table 1.—Estimated Total Population of British Columbia, by Sex and Age-groups,
1921-48  13
Table 2.—Estimated Population of Census Areas, Cities and District Municipalities,
British Columbia, 1948 (excluding Indians)  14
Table 3.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates for British Columbia, 1911-48 15
Table 4.—Natural Increase  16
Table 5.—Illegitimate Births  17
Table 6.—Births and Deaths in Institutions  18
Mortality—Principal Causative Factors in British Columbia  18
Table 7.—Age and Sex Mortality:
(A) Including Indians  20
(B) Excluding Indians  21
Table 8.—Ten Leading Causes of Death in British Columbia:
(A) Including Indians  24
(b) Excluding Indians ,  25
Table 9.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups:
(a) Including Indians  26
(b) Excluding Indians  27
Table 10.—Mortality from Notifiable Diseases  28
Table 11 .—Infant Mortality  29
Table 12.—Neo-natal, Infant, and Maternal Mortality Rates  29
Table 13.—Maternal Mortality  31
Table 14.—Mortality from Tuberculosis  31
Table 15.-—Mortality from Cancer  32
Table 16.-—Special Classification of Accidental Deaths  33
Table 17.—Still-births  34
Table 18.—Marriages by Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties  34
Table 19.—Marriages by Months, 1939-48  36
PART II.
ADMINISTRATION AND DIVISIONAL ACTIVITIES.
Summary of Registration  37
Table 1.—Summary of Registration, 1939-48 ■  37
Table 2.—Total Number of Registrations in British Columbia, distributed according to Statistical Areas  40
Summary of Registration among the Oriental Races  40
Summary of Registration among the Indians  40
Doukhobor Registration of Births  41
Table 3.—Doukhobor Births registered during 1948 and the Cumulative Total from
1937 to 1948 by Actual Year of Birth and Sex of Child  41
Table 4.—Doukhobor Births registered during 1948 and the Cumulative Total from
1937 to 1948 by Place of Birth  42
Table 5.—Doukhobor Births registered during 1948 and the Cumulative Total from
1937 to 1948 by Birthplace of Parents  43 E 6 department of health and welfare.
Page.
Completeness of Registration  43
Delayed Registrations of Births  47
Fraudulent Registrations of Births  47
Legitimation of Births  47
Statutory Notations entered  47
School-teachers' Returns under the " Vital Statistics Act "  47
Table 6.—School-teachers' Returns under the " Vital Statistics Act"  47
Change of Name  47
Administration of the " Change of Name Act "  48
Adoption Orders .  48
Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage  48
Notice of Filing of a Will  48
Administration of the " Marriage Act "  49
Registration of Ministers and Clergymen  49
Table 7.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen  49
Table 8.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen according to Denominations,
1947 and 1948  50
District Registrars' Offices, etc  51
Statistical Services  51
Mechanical Tabulation  52
Manual of Instructions for District Registrars, Marriage Commissioners, and
Issuers of Marriage Licences  52
The Vital Statistics Council for Canada  53
Legislation  54
General Office Routine  54
PART III.
DETAILED TABLES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, MARRIAGES, ADOPTIONS, AND
DIVORCES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948 (CLASSIFIED BY PLACE OF
RESIDENCE).
Table 1.—General Summary of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in British Columbia,
by Census Divisions, Cities, and Villages of 1,000 Population and over, by
Place of Residence, 1948     56
*Table 1a.—General Summary of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in British Columbia by Census Divisions, including Cities and Villages of 1,000 Population and
over, by Place of Occurrence, 1948 ■_   57
Births.
*Table 2.—Births (exclusive of Still-births) by Months, classified as Rural and
Urban in each Census Division, by Place of Residence of Mothers, British
Columbia, 1948 _.     57
Table 3.—Total Live Births and Live Births in Institutions, by Place of Occurrence
and Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948     57
Table 4.—Total Live Births and Live Births in Institutions, in Cities of 5,000
Population and over, by Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence of
Mothers, British Columbia, 1948     58
Table 5.—Legitimate and Illegitimate Births (exclusive of Still-births) for the
Province and Cities of 5,000 Population and over, by Place of Residence of
Mothers, British Columbia, 1948     58
* Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E  7
Page.
Table 6.-—Multiple Births classified to show Number of Children born Alive and
Still-born by Sex, by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948_. 59
Table 7.—Births (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Ages of Parents,
by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948     60
Table 8.—Births (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Racial Origin of
Parents, by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948     61
Table 9.—Births  (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplace of
Parents, by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948    62
Infant Mortality.
*Table 10.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) by
Months, classified as Rural and Urban in each Census Division, British
Columbia, 1948    63
Table 11.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions of
Children under One Year, by Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence,
British Columbia, 1948     63
Table 12.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions of
Children under One Year, in Cities of 5,000 Population and over, by Place of
Occurrence and Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948    63
Table 13.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) by Age
at Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948     64
Table 14.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) classified
according to Racial Origin, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948     64
Table 15.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) classified
according to Birthplace of Parents, by Place of Residence, British Columbia,
1948    65
Table 16.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) from
certain Specified Causes, by Sex and Calendar Month of Death, by Place of
Residence, British Columbia, 1948    66
Table 17.—Deaths of Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) from
certain Specified Causes, by Sex and Age at Death, by Place of Residence,
British Columbia, 1948     67
General Mortality.
Table 18.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions, by
Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948     68
Table 19.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions, in
Cities of 5,000 Population and over, by Place of Occurrence and Place of Residence, in British Columbia, 1948     68
Table 20.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) by Single Years of Age and Age-
groups, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948    69
Table 21.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Racial Origin,
by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948    72
Table 22.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplace, by
Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948      73
*Table 23.-—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplace of
Parents of Decedents, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948     73
Table 24.—Causes of Death by Sex and Age, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948    74
( Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent. E 8 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Page.
Table 25.—Causes of Death by Sex, Marital Status, Birthplace, and Month of
Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948     88
*Table 26.—Causes of Death by Sex and Age, Vancouver, 1948  105
*Table 27.—Causes of Death by Sex and Marital Status, Birthplace, and Month of
Death, Vancouver, 1948  105
*Table 28.—Causes of Death by Sex and Age, Victoria, 1948  105
*Table 29.—Causes of Death for each Sex by Marital Status, Birthplace, and
Month of Death, Victoria, 1948  105
Table 30.—Causes of Death by Sex in Census Divisions including Cities and Villages of 1,000 Population and over, by Place of Residence, British Columbia,
1948 -  106
Table 31.—Causes of Death by Sex in Cities and Villages of 1,000 Population and
over, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  126
Marriages.
Table 32.—Marriages by Months, British Columbia, 1948  139
Table 33.—Marriages—Marital Status of Bridegrooms and Brides, British Columbia, 1948  139
Table 34.—Marriages—Ages of Bridegrooms and Brides, British Columbia, 1948____ 140
Table 35.—Marriages—Religious Denominations of Bridegrooms and Brides, Brit-.
ish Columbia, 1948  141
Table 36.—Marriages—Birthplaces of Bridegrooms and Brides, British Columbia,
1948  142
Birth and Death Tables for Indians.
Table 37.—Births of Indians   (exclusive of Still-births)  by Months, by Place of
Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948  143
Table 38.—Legitimate and Illegitimate Births of Indians (exclusive of Stillbirths) , by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948  143
Table  39.—Births of  Indians   (exclusive  of  Still-births)   classified  according to
Ages of Parents, by Place of Residence of Mothers, British Columbia, 1948  144
Table 40.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births)
by Months, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  145
Table 41.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births)
by Age at Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  145
Table 42.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births)
from certain Specified Causes, by Sex, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  146
Table 43.—Total Deaths of Indians (exclusive of Still-births) by Months, by Place
of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  146
Table 44.—Deaths of Indians (exclusive of Still-births) by Single Years of Age
and Age-groups, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  147
Table 45.—Causes of Death of Indians by Sex, Age, and Place of Residence, British
Columbia, 1948 . r  148
Table 46.—Deaths of Half-breeds from certain Causes of Death, by Place of Residence, British Columbia, 1948  155
* Detailed information under these headings may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent. vital statistics report, 1948. e 9
Adoptions.
Page.
Table 47.—Adoption Orders filed in the Court Registry, British Columbia, during
each Month of 1948, and the Monthly Totals from May, 1920, to December
31st, 1947, and December 31st, 1948  156
Table 48.—Adoptions by Year of Court Order and Sex of Children, and whether
adopted by Man and Wife, by Man only, or by Woman only, British Columbia,
1948  156
Table 49.—Adoptions by Year of Court Order and by Sex and Legitimacy of Children, British Columbia, 1948  156
Table 50.—Adoptions by Birthplace of Children, British Columbia, 1948, and as at
December 31st, 1947, and December 31st, 1948  156
Divorces.
Table 51.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage and Judicial Separation
by the Time elapsed between the Marriage and the Obtaining of the Decree
(in Years only), British Columbia, 1944-48  157
Table 52.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage and Judicial Separation, showing the Number of Children affected by the Award of Custody and
by Sex, British Columbia, 1944-48  157
Table 53.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage and Judicial Separation
by Sex of Petitioner, British Columbia, 1944-48  157
Table 54.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage and Judicial Separation
by Month filed in Court Registry, British Columbia, 1944-48  158
LIST OF GRAPHS AND MAP.
Graph A.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates for British Columbia, 1911-48 16
Graph B.—Illegitimate Birth Rates in British Columbia, 1939-48  17
Graph C.—The First Ten Causes of Death (including Indians), British Columbia,
1939-48 ;  22
Graph D.—The First Ten Causes of Death (excluding Indians), British Columbia,
1939-48  23
Graph E.—Infant and Maternal Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1939-48  30
Graph F.—Marriages in British Columbia, 1939-48  35
Graph G.—Marriages by Months in British Columbia, 1944-48  36
Graph H.—Summary of Registrations of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in British
Columbia, 1939-48  38
Graph I.—Adoptions in British Columbia, 1939-48  39
Graph J.—Divorces in British Columbia, 1939-48  39
Map 1.—Map of British Columbia, showing Statistical Publication Areas  12  Vital Statistics Report, 1948.
INTRODUCTION.
This is the Seventy-seventh Report on the Vital Statistics of British Columbia, and
covers the calendar year January 1st to December 31st, 1948.
For facility of reference the Report is divided into three sections. The first section
is a summary of vital-statistics data, showing certain details about the population of
the Province and salient features of the detailed tables in the third section of the
Report. A number of time trends have been presented in order to make comparisons
over a period of years possible. Graphs accompany certain tables so that the reader
may have a more ready appreciation of the information presented and its relationship
by years. Where the purpose of the graph is to show absolute magnitudes, the arithmetic scale is used, but where the interest lies in relative rates and in rates of change,
the semi-logarithmic scale is employed.
The second section deals with administration, associated legislation, and general
functions of the Division. Reference has also been made to the completeness of registration and the problems relating thereto. A summary of the most important results
of the Vital Statistics Council is included. The volume of registrations accepted
increased somewhat this year, being 1.5 per cent, higher than in 1947. Correspondence
received by the Division increased 11 per cent. The revenue collected under the Vital
Statistics, Marriage, Change of Name, and Wills Acts declined slightly from that for
the previous year.
The third section of the Report contains detailed tables of births, deaths, marriages, adoptions, and divorces in British Columbia for 1948. Included in this section
are separate tables dealing with the Indian population of the Province.
Attention is directed to the procedure which was inaugurated in the 1944 Annual
Report, whereby the detailed statistical data tabulated by the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics is presented on the basis of residence rather than by place of occurrence.
This method of tabulation has proved to be most practical and useful for the majority
of requirements.
The activity of the Division increased over the previous years. Among the most
difficult problems to be met by the Division were Indian and Doukhobor registration,
although definite progress has been made in the last year. Completeness of registration for the general population had attained such a high level that efforts were being
directed to improving the quality of registration rather than the quantity. Inspection
of registration offices throughout the Provinces continued to prove of great value. The
efficiency of the Division as a whole was increased through the use of improved methods
and forms.
The Division of Vital Statistics is expected to compile various types of data, to
standardize forms and record systems generally throughout the other divisions of the
Health Branch, and to assist them in the preparation of the statistics and format of
their reports.
11 E 12
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Map 1.—Map of British Columbia, showing Statistical Publication Areas. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.                                                   E  13
PART I.—GENERAL STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF
BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES.
(By Place of Residence.)
GENERAL SUMMARY.
In 1948 a decline occurred from last year's record figures, both in the number of
births and in the birth rate.   A total of 25,984 births was registered this year, 302 less
than in 1947, and the birth rate showed a decrease of more than a full point from 25.18
in 1947 to 24.01 in 1948.   The steady increase in marriages which began in 1944 was
halted this year.   The number of marriages registered was 11,718, compared to 11,852
last year, and the rate per 1,000 population dropped from 11.35 in 1947 to 10.83 in 1948,
which is still a fairly high rate.   The death rate was 10.46, the highest since 1943 and
0.29 higher than last year's figure.    The actual number of deaths, 11,316, was the
highest on record, and exceeded last year's total by 703.
Table 1.—Estimated Total Population of British Columbia,
by Sex and Age-groups, 1921^48.
(In thousands.)
Year.
Ag&group.
0-4
5-9
10-14
15-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
70 and
Total.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Years.
Year?.
over.
1921 T.
523.7*
49.8
64.3
45.3
37.6
76.4
100.9
80.2
46.1
23.4
9.7
M.
292.8
25.0
27.4
22.8
19.1
39.6
59.8
60.2
29.0
14.5
6.4
F.
230.9
24.8
26.9
22.5
18.5
36.8'
41.1
30.0
17.1
8.9
4.3
1931 T.
694.3
52.0
59.2
59.9
62.4
107.5
98.8
112.5
79.2
41.8
21.0
M.
385.2
26.2
30.1
30.2
31.9
58.1
54.1
68.1
49.0
25.6
11.9
F.
309.1
25.8
29.1
29.7
30.5
49.4
44.7
44.4
30.2
16.2
9.1
1941 T.
817.8
59.5
54.8
60.7
66.6
141.3
117.8
100.6
106.0
72.0
38.5
M.
435.0
30.1
27.9
30.6
33.7
70.1
63.3
53.8
61.5
42.4
21.6
F.
382.8
29.4
26.9
30.1
32.9
71.2
54.5
46.8
44.5
29.6
16.9
1942 T.
879.0
67.6
58.2
63.0
68.1
154.2
128.6
104.6
108.2
76.5
41.0
M.
458.5
34.4
29.5
31.7
34.1
74.8
68.2
56.0
62.1
44.8
22.9
F.
411.5
33.2
28.7
31.3
34.0
79.4
60.4
48.6
46.1
31.7
18.1
900.0
74.7
60.5
63.7
68.1
159.0
135.5
106.9
108.2
79.9
43.6
M.
471.8
38.1
30.6
32.1
33.9
76.4
71.1
57.4
61.4
46.6
24.2
F.
428.2
36.6
29.9
31.6
34.2
82.6
64.4
49.6
46.8
33.3
19.3
1944 T.
932.0
82.1
64.3
63.4
69.1
163.5
142.7
109.9
108.0
83.3
45.7
M.
486.1
41.9
32.5
32.1
34.0
77.9
74.0
59.3
60.6
48.4
25.4
F.
445.9
40.2
31.8
31.3
35.1
85.6
68.7
60.6
47.4
34.9
20.3
1945 T.
949.0
90.2
65.8
63.1
69.2
162.9
146.7
111.6
106.6
85.7
47.2
M.
491.5
45.9
33.3
31.9
34.0
76.4
75.0
60.3
59.0
49.7
26.0
F.
457.5
44.3
32.5
31.2
35.2
86.5
71.7
51.3
47.6
36.0
21.2
1946 T.
1,003.0
91.6
73.6
67.1
71.5
175.0
159.2
118.5
107.6
88.0
50.9
M.
521.7
46.7
37.3
34.0
35.5
85.1
81.4
64.1
68.8
50.7
28.1
F.
481.3
44.9
36.3
33.1
36.0
89.9
77.8
54.4
48.8
37.3
22.8
1947 T.
1,044.0
98.7
79.0
70.2
72.2
179.1
166.4
124.2
107.6
91.2
55.4
M.
542.4
51.0
40.0
35.7
35.8
86.5
84.7
67.3
58.2
62.3
30.9
F.
501.6
47.7
39.0
34.5
36.4
92.6
81.7
56.9
49.4
38.9
24.5
194S T.
1,082.0
109.3
78.2
67.3
73.8
182.0
164.3
127.8
116.6       101.0
61.7
M.
562.5
56.1
39.5
34.0
37.5
89.0
82.2
68.2
63.1
58.0
34.9
F.
519.5
53.2
38.7
33.3
36.3
93.0
82.1
59.6
53.5
43.0
26.8
*Does not include 910 cases where age was not given.
Sources:—
Census of Canada, 1921.
Dominion Bureau of Statistics Analytical Report No.l (Second Edition). E 14
department of health and welfare.
Table 2.—Estimated Population of Census Areas, Cities, and District
Municipalities, British Columbia, 1948 (excluding Indians).
Area.
Population.
Area.
Population.
Census Area 1	
Cranbrook	
Fernie	
Kimberley	
Census Area 2	
Kaslo	
Nelson	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Slocan	
Trail	
Tadanac District Municipality	
Census Area 3	
Armstrong	
Enderby	
Grand Forks	
Greenwood	
Kelowna	
Penticton	
Vernon	
Coldstream District Municipality	
Glenmore District Municipality	
Peachland District Municipality	
Spallumcheen District Municipality.
Summerland District Municipality-
Census Area 4	
Chilliwack	
New Westminster	
North Vancouver	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Vancouver	
Burnaby District Municipality	
Chilliwhack District Municipality....
Coquitlam District Municipality	
Delta District Municipality	
Fraser Mills District Municipality....
24,561
3,000
3,000
6,100
54,317
1,200
6,700
3,200
4,250
450
11,500
600
66,543
1,150
1,500
1,650
1,200
10,000
10,500
11,000
1,500
800
605
2,300
3,500
644,980
4,500
34,000
13,000
2,400
2,600
376,000
48,000
13,000
12,000
5,100
449
Census Area 4—Continued.
Kent District Municipality	
Langley District Municipality	
Maple Ridge District Municipality	
Matsqui District Municipality	
Mission District Municipality	
North Vancouver District Municipality.
Pitt Meadows District Municipality	
Richmond District Municipality	
Sumas District Municipality	
Surrey District Municipality	
West Vancouver District Municipality..
Census Area 5	
Alberni	
Courtenay	
Cumberland	
Duncan	
Ladysmith	
Nanaimo	
Port Alberni	
Victoria	
Esquimalt District Municipality	
North Cowichan District Municipality...
Oak Bay District Municipality	
Saanich District Municipality	
Census Area 6	
Kamloops	
Merritt ,	
Salmon Arm	
Salmon Arm District Municipality	
Census Area 7	
Census Area 8	
Prince George	
Census Area 9	
Prince Rupert ,
Census Area 10	
Total, Province	
2,400
12,500
10,000
8,000
4,500
10,000
1,200
22,000
3,500
30,500
11,000
186,862
2,600
2,200
1,000
3,000
2,100
7,500
7,800
61,400
6,500
6,000
12,000
22,000
36,572
8,000
1,900
1,000
2,200
12,443
27,807
6,500
15,364
9,200
12,551
1,082,000
sources:—
Estimates of Populations of Census Areas by Division of Vital Statistics.
Estimates of Populations of Cities and District Municipalities by the Municipalities. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 15
Table 3.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates for British Columbia,
1911-48.
Year.
Population.
Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
No.
Rate.
No.
Rate.
No.
Rate.
1911	
393,000
407,000
424,000'
442,000
450,000
456,000
464,000
474,000
488,000
507,000
525,000
541,000
555,000
571.000
588,000
606,000
623,000
641,000
669,000
676,000
694,000
707,000
717,000
727,000
736,000
745,000
759,000
775,000
792,000
805,000
818,000
870,000
900,000
932,000
949,000
1,003,000
1,044,000
1,082,000
5,841
8,008
9,199
10,418
10,516
9,841
9,450
9,445
9,506
10,492
10,653
10,166
10,001
10,119
10,342
10,063
10,084
10,385
10,378
10,867
10,404
10,214
9,583
9,813
10,013
10,571
11,279
12,476
12,373
13,830
15,038
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
14.86
19.67
21.69
23.57
23.36
21.58
20.36
19.92
19.47
20.69
20.29
18.79
18.01
17.72
17.58
16.60
16.18
16.20
15.74
16.07
14.99
14.44
13.36
13.49
13.60
14.18
14.86
16.09
15.62
17.18
18.38
19.31
20.89
20.39
19.89
22.54
25.18
24.01
3,660
4,313
4,619
3,974
3,832
3,887
3,896
5,394
5,792
4,739
4,208
4,907
4,997
5,004
4,945
5,474
5,750
6,910
6,397
6,400
6,114
6,150
6,221
6,378
6,857
7,222
7,973
7,460
7,517
8,315
8,505
8,869
10,012
9,697
9,756
10,137
10,613
11,316
9.31
10.59
11.89
8.99
8.61
8.52
8.39
11.37
11.86
9.34
8.01
9.07
9.00
8.76
8.40
9.03
9.22
9.21
9.70
9.46
8.80
8.69
8.67
8.77
9.31
9.69
10.50
9.62
9.49
10.32
10.39
10.19
11.12
10.40
10.28
10.11
10.17
10.46
4,509
5,235
5,012
4,296
3,393
3,169
2,861
2,858
3,740
4,690
3,889
3,763
3,943
4,038
4,223
4,418
4,720
4,942
5,155
4,697
3,879
3,604
4,048
4,771
5,034
5,451
6,191
6,135
7,862
9,624
9,769
10,877
9,385
8,434
9,262
11,762
11,852
11,718
1912	
12.86
1913....;	
11.82
1914	
9.71
J915	
7.54
1916	
6.94
1917	
6.16
1918	
6.02
1919	
7.66
1920	
9.25
1921	
7.40
1922	
6.95
1923	
7.10
1924                       	
7.07
1925	
7.18
1926	
7.29
1927	
7.57
1928	
7.70
1929	
7.82
1930	
6.94
1931	
5.58
1932	
5.09
1933	
5.64
1934	
6.56
1935 	
6.83
1936	
1937	
7.31
8.15
1938	
7.91
1939	
9.92
1940	
11.95
1941	
11.94
1942	
12.50
1943                	
10.42
1944	
9.05
1945	
9.76
1946    	
11.73
1947	
11.35
1948    	
10.83 E 16
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Graph A.—Crude Birth, Death, and Marriage Rates for
British Columbia, 1911-48.
(Rates per 1,000 population.)
'
BIRTHS
-:>,.
r\
/
r-V                      /h	
v»           #*•** %
y —'
**xMARR!AG€S      ^.-* * *
-'"—''
I     J L _  1
1              1              T              1
1         1         1         l
 1.-.:   1   _1 1	
ill.
i     1     i     i
NATURAL INCREASE.
Despite the fact that there are more males born than females, the number of male
deaths considerably exceeds the number of female deaths. As a result, the natural
increase, or excess of births over deaths, is much higher for females than it is for
males, a situation which has existed for some time. In the total population of the
Province there are more males than females, but this condition is gradually being
reversed. Ultimately, there will probably be an excess of females over males in the
population, as is the case in most of the older countries of the world.
The upward trend in the rate of natural increase which has been quite pronounced
in recent years was reversed in 1948. Last year's record rate of 15.01 declined this
year to 13.56. The rate of natural increase for the five-year period 1944-48 is given in
Table 4.
Table 4.-—Natural Increase, 1944-48, by Year.
Male.
Female.
Both
Sexes.
Population
(estimated).
Rate of
Year.
Births.
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Births.
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Natural
Increase
per 1,000
Population.
1944           	
9,725
9,727
11,489
13,405
13,332
6,003
6,057
6,245
6,626
7,055
3,722
3,670
5,244
6,779
6,277
9,274
9,150
11,120
12,881
12,652
3,694
3,699
3,892
3,987
4,261
6,680
5,451
7,228
8,894
8,391
9.302
9,121
12,472
16,673
14,668
932,000
949,000
1,003,000
1,044,000
1,082,000
1945 	
1946    	
1947    	
15.01
13.56
1948	 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 17
ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS.
An increase was again registered this year in the number of illegitimate births in
the Province. A total of 1,585 illegitimate births occurred, 83 more than last year, the
rate per 1,000 live births being 61.0. Excluding Indians, the number was 1,228, the
rate for the non-Indian population being 49.8. Table 5 shows the number of illegitimate
births and the rate per 1,000 live births during the years from 1939 to 1948 for both
the total population and the population excluding Indians.
Graph B.—Illegitimate-birth Rates in British Columbia, 1939-48.
(Rates per 1,000 live births.)
RATE
65
60
55
50
45
40
35
30
INCH
INDI/
DING
INS.
S
y
S*
*
«*
**
i
—* """"
EXCLL
DING
/
/
INDI
*NS
N
/
/
"~ "*"■ ■"■
/
'
'
1939
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
1948
Table 5.—Illegitimate Births, 1939-48.
Including Indians.
No.
Rate per 1,000
Live Births.
Excluding Indians.
No.
Rate per 1,000
Live Births.
1939.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948
501
551
688
759
827
1,048
1,121
1,262
1,502
1,585
40.5
39.8
45.8
45.2
44.0
55.2
59.4
55.8
57.1
61.0
392
432
545
606
633
777
847
958
1,183
1,228
34.1
33.5
38.5
38.4
35.8
43.7
44.9
45.0
47.5
49.8 E 18
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
BIRTHS AND DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
While the actual number of births which took place in institutions this year showed
a slight decrease, births in institutions as a percentage of total births during the year
continued the upward trend displayed for some time.
A slight decline was recorded during the year in the percentage of deaths occurring
in institutions from last year's record figure of 60.5 to 59.6. The number of deaths in
institutions continues to mount, however, setting a new record this year of 6,739—320
more than the 1947 figure.
Table 6.—Number and Percentage of Total Births and Deaths in
Institutions, 1939-48.
Births.
Deaths.
Year.
Total.
In Institutions.
Percentage
of Total
in Institutions.
Total.
In Institutions.
Percentage
of Total
in Institutions.
1939	
12,373
13,830
15.038
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
10,149
11,676
13,134
15,000
17,319
17,686
17,649
21,470
25,134
24,960
82.0
84.4
87.3
89.2
92.1
93.1
93.5
95.0
95.6
96.1
7,517
8,315
8,505
8,869
10,012
9.697
9,756
10,137
10,613
11,316
4.043
4,482
4,469
4.920
5,783
5,846
5,734
5,911
6,419
6,739
53.8
1940	
53.9
1941	
52.5
1942	
55.5
1943	
57.8
1944	
1945	
1946	
1947	
60.3
58.8
58.3
60.5
1948	
59.6
MORTALITY.
PRINCIPAL CAUSATIVE FACTORS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA.
There was a slight increase this year in the mortality rate per 1,000 population.
Last year the rate was 10.17, while in 1948 it increased to 10.46. The actual number of
deaths during the year, 11,316, was the highest on record, exceeding the previous record
set last year by 703. This change in the number of deaths may be considered to a large
extent a result of the great influx of people into the Province.
The same three causes of death as in previous years continue to lead all others in
importance. These are diseases of the heart and arteries, cancer; and accidental deaths,
which together accounted for over 60 per cent, of the deaths from all causes. The leading cause, diseases of the heart and arteries, took 4,332 lives in 1948, the mortality rate
for the disease being 400.4 deaths per 100,000 population. Cancer, the second leading
cause, accounted for 1,631 deaths during the year, a rate of 150.7 per 100,000 population. Accidents killed 887 people, the death rate from this cause being 82.0 per 100,000.
While diseases of the heart and arteries have been accounting for an ever greater percentage of the deaths from all causes in the last ten years, deaths from cancer and
accidents as percentages of total deaths have changed little.
Pneumonia has moved into fourth place as a cause of death in 1948, while last year
it was in sixth place. It caused 417 fatalities in 1947 and 495 this year. The death rate
increased from 39.9 per 100,000 population last year to 45.7 in 1948. Diseases of early
infancy have maintained their position as fifth leading cause of death in 1948, accounting for 463 deaths, 16 less than in 1947. The death rate declined from 45.9 to 42.8. An
encouraging feature this year is the decline in tuberculosis deaths from 536 to 442.
This cause moved from the fourth place it has held for eleven years to sixth place. The
death rate showed a substantial decline from 51.3 to 40.9. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E  19
The Indian population in the Province is under the jurisdiction of the Federal
Government rather than the Provincial Government, and the following figures relate to
the other-than-Indian population, except where stated.
The percentage of deaths occurring in the age-group under 1 year for the population
including Indians has declined in 1948 to 7.7 from last year's figure of 9.0. Those dying
in the 1-49-year age-group also constituted a smaller percentage of the total this year,
16.5 as against 17.8 in 1947. Deaths in the 50-and-over age-group during the year
accounted for over three-quarters of the mortality, the actual figure being 75.8 per cent.,
as compared to 73.2 per cent, last year.
For the other-than-Indian population, 6.4 per cent, of all deaths occurred among
those under 1 year of age, an improvement of 1.0 per cent, over 1947. The percentage
of deaths occurring in the 1-49 age-group was 14.9, compared to 16.0 per cent, in 1947,
while in the 50-and-over group 78.7 per cent, of the deaths occurred, against 76.6 per
cent, last year.
The infant-mortality rate for the total population this year declined substantially
from last year's figure of 36.5 deaths per 1,000 live births to 33.4 deaths. For the other-
than-Indian population the rate dropped from 29.5 to 28.0.
The maternal-mortality rate continues to decline and has reached a new low.   Only
1.1 deaths occurred for every 1,000 live births this year in the total population, and for
the other-than-Indian group there was 1.0 death for each 1,000 live births. The
maternal mortality for Indians was less than half that for 1947, having decreased from
7.2 deaths per 1,000 live births to 3.0 deaths in 1948.
Prematurity is still the leading cause of infant death, accounting for 39.2 per cent.
of the lives of infants lost in 1948. This is followed by congenital malformations,
responsible for 16.0 per cent, of infant deaths, and injury at birth causing 10.2 per
cent.  Almost two-thirds of all infant deaths arise from these three causes.
When the effect of the causes of death in the various age-groups is considered, it
is found that the prime cause of death, diseases of the heart and arteries, still takes its
greatest toll from the age of 40 onward, when 46.7 per cent, of the deaths which occur
are due to this cause. It has moved up to second place in importance in the 30-39 age-
group. Cancer is the second most important cause of death among those over 40 years
of age, being charged with 17.1 per cent, of the fatalities in these ages. The third
leading cause of death, accidents, took its greatest toll among those from 1 to 39 years
of age. Here it is the leading cause of death and accounts for 36.1 per cent, of the
deaths occurring during this period of life.'
Nephritis, which this year replaced diseases of early infancy as fourth leading
cause of death, was second leading cause in the 10-19-year age-group. It was in third
place in the 70-79-year age-group, and in fourth place in the 60-69-year group.
Pneumonia, the sixth leading cause of death, was third most important in the 1-4-
year age-group and in the 80-and-over group. It was fourth in the under 1-year age-
group.
Cerebral haemorrhage this year was in seventh place as a cause of death, being
third most important in the 60-69-year group and fourth in the 70-79-year group.
Tuberculosis slipped to eighth place this year, but it still ranks second as a cause
of death in the 20-29-year age-group, accounting for 15.6 per cent, of the deaths in
these years. It is third in importance in the ages from 5 to 14 years, and in the group
30 to 39 years old, and fourth in the 40-59-year group. It accounted for more deaths
in the 50-59-year group than in any other, but is overshadowed here by other more
important causes.
As has been noted in previous years, the ten leading causes of death among the
Indian population differ considerably from those among the non-Indian population. In
the latter group, non-communicable diseases hold precedence, while in the former, com- E 20
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
municable diseases, particularly those affecting the respiratory system, cause the
greatest number of deaths.
While tuberculosis is still the leading cause of death among Indians, its incidence
is down this year from last year's figure of 174 fatalities to 156. Pneumonia, in second
place, increased its toll slightly to 91 deaths. This was followed by diseases of the heart
and arteries in third place, accounting for 56 deaths. Accidents were in fourth place,
having caused 46 deaths, and in fifth place came diseases of early infancy, which took
45 infant lives. The deaths of 25 Indians were reported to be due to senility, which was
in sixth place. The seventh most important cause was influenza, which was charged
with 21 fatalities during the year. Cancer and diarrhoea both occupied eighth place,
having caused 15 deaths each. Nephritis and cerebral haemorrhage in ninth place
caused 8 deaths each. These were followed by suicide and congenital malformations,
which each caused a death toll of 6 lives.
While the tuberculosis mortality among the Oriental population is still high, it
showed a substantial decline from that of 1947. Then, the rate for the Japanese was
171.4 deaths per 100,000 population. In 1948 this figure declined to 142.8. The corresponding figures for the Chinese were 266.2 in 1947 and 217.1 in 1948. Little change
occurred this year over 1947 in the number of cancer deaths registered. For the
Japanese population the figure is 8 deaths, compared to 9 last year, and for the Chinese,
34 deaths, the same as in 1947.
AGE AND SEX MORTALITY.
Deaths, including and excluding Indians, are shown in Tables 7a and 7b respectively, according to age-groups and sex, for the five-year period 1944-48.
Table 7a.—Age ani
Sex Mortality
(INCLUDING
Indians).
rt
tH
tH
HI
OJ
of
a
£
OJ
OJ
3
QJ
3
OJ
CJ   '    0J
T3
QJ
Year and Sex.
OJ
>H
»
£h
X
X
Eh
X
!* ! X
0
09
01
us
i><
e»
o>
cn
o
CJ
CJ
CO
■^f
QJ
OS
o
q
o
q
Q
o
a
2 i I
!m
!*
-H
>h
**
HH
"♦^
HH
HH
HH
©
D
z
~~*
N
CO
H*
ira
*-•
N
CQ
HH
U3
UJ
t-
CO       Ol
b>
1944.
445
322
43
34
34
26
21
12
10
14
49
38
108
81
188
137
183
171
329
194
862
420
1,518
720
1,464
863
663
558
82
97
5
7
i
6,003
3,694
1945.
450
342
39
31
26
15
17
12
18
13
57
39
117
79
167
136
212
164
347
207
838
429
1,505
717
1,485
850
696
561
71
110
3
4
9
6,057
3,699
1946.
496
356
27
29
30
17
14
20
13
13
60
48
111
79
170
154
196
175
366
241
758
404
1,611
742
1,549
887
735
611
106
111
4
5
9
6,245
3,892
1947.
Male	
565
394
49
37
26
20
22
12
24
15
54
126
221
151
251
165
390
m
801
42,1
1,644
776
1,533
913
813
BUB
102
117
8
7
3
6,626
37   70
3,987
1948.
500
368
47
31
26
22
24
16
14
11
64
36
109
69
184
134
262
157
415
245
819
409
1,744
877
1,777
1,011
935
739
126
131
2
6
7
1
7,055
4,261 vital statistics report, 1948.
Table 7b.—Age and Sex Mortality (excluding Indians).
E 21
Year and Sex.
u
rt
V
u
QJ
C
u
a
o
X
n
CO
OJ
X
CO
u
a
V
CO
oi
u
CO
OJ
oi
Jh
rt
OJ
n
OJ
o
jo
00
J--;
a
qj
tH
O)
O
o
CO
u
ci
cy
iH
OS
CM
o
o
N
09
IH
rt
OJ
X
OJ
CO
o
o
CO
M
U
ej
OJ
X
OJ
H#
o
CJ
m
!h
QJ
X
Ct
us
o
o
to
to.
S
rt
OJ
X
CJ
<o
o
o
to
09
Jh
CJ
OJ
X
Cl
c-
o
O
OJ
H.
ej
QJ
X
OJ
CO
o
4H
O
OO
UJ
JH
rt
QJ
X
Ol
CJ
O
4J
O
Cl
JH
OJ
>
o
TJ
a
rt
o
o
•6
QJ
*^
rt
OJ
O
z;
oi
"rt
o
Eh
1944.
344
239
347
259
375
256
435
299
402
287
22
20
16
17
17
16
30
21
29
17
20
15
16
10
22
14
12
16
14
16
8
11
4
10
15
14
7
21
9
8
10
11
7
11
6
16
7
9
8
36
21
38
22
44
25
40
21
48
19
86
41
87
37
77
39
93
38
91
40
165
113
142
111
152
113
196
110
152
104
173
152
204
141
181
147
238
147
244
139
319
187
332
194
332
218
380
207
406
227
850
405
833
414
745
393
787
408
801
391
1,497
702
1,483
698
1,592
720
1,619
766
1,723
858
1,444
850
1,457
826
1,505
860
1,516
888
1,751
991
651
542
G78
545
723
593
797
606
922
723
79
91
70
101
100
102
97
110
125
122
2
5
3
3
1
2
6
1
3
8
9
6
2
7
1
5,711
3 401
1945.
5,736
3,389
1946.
5,896
3,519
1947.      ,
6,276
3,654
6,748
1948.
3,953
THE TEN LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH.
Several changes occurred this year in the ten leading causes of death. The first
three causes—diseases of the heart and arteries, cancer, and accidents—maintained
their respective positions as first, second, and third leading causes. Pneumonia and
tuberculosis changed places, the first disease becoming fourth leading cause, and the
second, sixth leading cause. Diseases of early infancy, nephritis, cerebral haemorrhage,
diabetes, and suicide retained their positions as fifth, seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth
leading causes respectively.
When the other-than-Indian population is considered, it is found that a new cause,
suicide, has displaced congenital malformations from the tenth place it has held for
some years. Nephritis has moved up to fourth place, ahead of diseases of early
infancy, which is now in fifth place. Pneumonia is in sixth place. Tuberculosis, which
was in fifth place in 1947, has now moved into eighth place. E  22                                         DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Graph C.—The First Ten Causes of Death (including Indians), British
Columbia, 1939-48.
(Rates per 100,000 population.)
RATE
1,000
800
600
400
—
DISEASES OF
THE   HEART
AND   ARTERIES
	
-
200
-
CANCER
-
1(50
80
ACCI
DENTAL    D
■ATHS
	
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PNEUMONIA
ES  OF EARLY    INFANCY
.-—
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20
-
10
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6
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80
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ft
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•*"^DIABE
CEREE
res
RAL   HAEM
ORRHAGE
*" SUICID
ES
1939              40                 41                  42                 43                 44                 45                46                 47               1948
Note.—A large part of the increase in mortality from cerebral haemorrhage in 1941
was due to changes in classification in the " Fifth Revision of the International List of
Causes of Death."   The increased mortality from diabetes in 1941 is partly due to a
change in preference when two causes are mentioned on a death certificate. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 23
Graph D.—The First Ten Causes of Death (excluding Indians), British
Columbia, 1939-48.
(Rates per 100,000 population.)
RATE
1,000
800
600
400
200
100
80
60
40
20
10
8
6   —
4   —
2   —
DISEASES OF   THE  HEART  AND   ARTERIES
NEPHRITIS
CANCER
DISEASES  OF  EARLY   INFANCY
ACCIDENTAL    DEATHS
1948
Note.—A large part of the increase in mortality from cerebral haemorrhage in 1941
was due to changes in classification in the " Fifth Revision of the International List of
Causes of Death." The increased mortality from diabetes in 1941 is partly due to a
change in preference when two causes are mentioned on a death certificate. E 24
department of health and welfare.
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Heart and
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97, 99, and 83e).
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CO^Ji'<}<"*'^"*"<J<,,'*,,*riH VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 25
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ClCJSOVOSOJOiOiOSOJOi E 26
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Table 9a.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
(including Indians), 1948.
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death.
Deaths in
Age-g:roups
by Cause
of Death.
Per Cent, of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes.
Age Specific
Death Rate.
Deaths from
Specified
Causes at all
Ages.
159
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 868.
303
115
103
73
64
29
19
10
33
24
6
4
70
41
6
6
5
107
76
19
14
14
103
54
53
43
158
114
91
5S
409
281
85
65
1,168
552
127
103
1,403
446
139
131
1,129
168
117
102
34.9
13.2
11.9
8.4
33.7
15.3
10.0
5.3
33.0
24.0
6.0
4.0
39.3
23.0
3.4
3.4
2.8
33.6
23.9
6.0
4.4
4.4
24.6
12.9
12.6
10.3
23.9
17.3
13.8
8.8
33.3
22.9
6.9
5.3
44.6
21.1
4.8
3.9
50.3
16.0
5.0
4.7
58.3
8.7
6.0
5.3
12.06
4.58
4.10
2.91
0.76
0.34
0.23
0.12
0.42
0.31
0.08
0.05
0.50
0.29
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.59
0.42
0.10
0.08
0.08
0.63
0.33
0.32
0.26
1.24
0.89
0.71
0.45
3.51
2.41
0.73
0.56
11.56
5.47
1.26
1.02
28.81
9.16
2.85
2.69
86.85
12.92
9.00
7.85
303
157
140
107-109
495
160
73
169-195
1-4 Years—Deaths, 190.
887
107-109
495
13-22
442
74
53
169-195
5-9 Years—Deaths, 100.
887
13-22
157
2. Tuberculosis	
442
140
121
41
169-195
10-19 Years—Deaths, 178.
887
13-22
442
45-55
1,631
130-132
405
90-95, 97,
4,332
887
169-195
20-29 Years—Deaths, 318.
13-22
442
163, 164
163
140-150
29
90-95, 97,
4,332
887
169-195
30-39 Years—Deaths, 419.
l>3-22
90-95, 97,
4,332
1 631
45-55
90-95, 97,
40-49 Years—Deaths, 660.
4,332
1,631
45-55
169-195
887
13-22
90-95, 97,
50-59 Years—Deaths, 1,228.
4,332
1,631
45-55
169 195
13 22
90-95, 97,
60-69 Years—Deaths, 2,621.
4,332
1,631
45-55
130 132
90-95, 97,
70-79 Years—Deaths, 2,788.
4,332
1,631
45 55
130-132
90-95, 97,
80 Years and over—Deaths, 1,938.
4,332
1,631
45-55
107 109
169-195
887 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 27
Table 9b.—Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups
(excluding Indians), 1948.
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death.
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death.
Per Cent, of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes.
Age Specific
Death Rate.
Deaths from
Specified
Causes at all
Ages.
159
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
3.
1.
2.
3.
4.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 689.
270
110
70
45
61
16
15
7
31
5
4
3
64
7
6
6
95
40
17
12
12
96
48
44
42
153
112
88
50
403
278
82
55
1,159
548
125
102
1,393
442
137
129
1,115
168
112
101
39.2
16.0
10.2
6.5
49.6
13.0
12.2
5.7
46.3
7.5
6.0
4.5
48.9
5.3
4.6
4.6
37.1
15.6
6.6
4.7
4.7
25.1
12.5
11.5
11.0
24.2
17.7
13.9
7.9
33.8
23.3
6.9
4.6
44.9
21.2
4.8
4.0
50.8
16.1
5.0
4.7
58.8
8.9
5.9
5.3
10.88
4.43
2.82
1.81
0.77
0.20
0.19
0.09
0.41
0.07
0.05
0.04
0.47
0.05
0.04
0.04
0.53
0.22
0.10
0.07
0.07
0.59
0.30
0.27
0.26
1.22
0.89
0.70
0.40
3.51
2.42
0.71
0.48
11.61
5.49
1.25
1.02
29.04
9.21
2.86
2.69
88.79
13.38
8.92
8.04
270
157
134
160
70
107 109
404
169-195
1-4 Years—Deaths, 123.
841
157
134
107-109
404
74
50
169-195
5-9 Years—Deaths, 67.
841
157
134
13 22
286
121
38
169-195
10-19 Years—Deaths, 131.
841
130-132
13 22
Nephritis	
421
286
45  55
1,616
841
169-195
20-29 Years—Deaths, 256.
13 22
286
163, 164
157
90-95, 97,
4,279
140-150
29
169-195
30-39 Years—Deaths, 383.
841
90-95. 97,
4,279
13-22
45-55
90-95, 97,
Tuberculosis	
Cancer and other malignant tumours	
40-49 Years—Deaths, 633.
286
1,616
4,279
45-55
1,616
169-195
841
13-22
90-95, 97,
99, and 83e
Tuberculosis	
50-59 Years—Deaths, 1,192.
286
4,279
45  55
1,616
13-22
90-95, 97,
99, and 83e
45 55
Tuberculosis	
60-69 Years—Deaths, 2,581.
Diseases of the heart and arteries	
286
4,279
1,616
130-132
421
90-95, 97,
70-79 Years—Deaths, 2,742.
4,279
45-55
1,616
421
130-132
Nephritis	
90-95, 97,
80 Years and over—Deaths, 1,896.
4,279
1,616
404
45-55
107-109
169-195
Cancer and other malignant tumours....	
Pneumonia	 E 28
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
MORTALITY FEOM NOTIFIABLE DISEASES.
The table below shows the mortality from notifiable diseases for the population
in the Province, both including and excluding Indians. These diseases are the ones
for which reporting is required by the Dominion Council of Health.
A considerable increase occurred this year in the number of deaths from cancer,
influenza, and pneumonia. Declines were registered in measles, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, and whooping-cough.
Table 10.—Mortality from Notifiable Diseases, 1944-48.
Cause of Death.
Including Indians.
Excluding Indians.
No.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
43A
1
3
1,350
8
1
1
1
2
138
1
4
8
1
219
132
2
3
2
10
517
1
4
78
10
1,407
2
2
2
2
48
21
1
3
1
180
120
1
7
2
8
1
525
1
85
8
3
1,459
3
4
5
2
2
1
72
2
1
12
211
146
1
3
2
1
576
3
1
84
5
1,486
7
3
■4
3
46
1
17
3
1
244
100
12
1
2
1
636
3
67
17
2
1,631
4
2
5
7
5
65
3
1
289
112
5
5
2
442
66
4
1
3
1,334
7
1
1
1
2
114
1
2
8
194
108
1
2
2
10
346
1
3
70
9
1,389
2
1
2
2
38
9
1
3
1
147
108
1
7
1
8
1
352
1
80
4
3
1,441
3
2
4
1
2
1
47
1
12
164
128
1
3
2
1
369
2
1
75
1,469
7
2
4
3
23
1
4
3
1
212
87
12
1
2
1
362
2
60
6
7
177a
2
45-55
1,616
6
38e
Cerebrospinal meningitis (epidemic).
4
1
4
88b
10
5
27A, b
37
Dysentery (amcebic and bacillary) ,    .
1
5
11
S8p
26b
German measles	
33
44
23
28
1
1
69
3
107
108
36
38G
Pneumonia—■
242
102
4
Psittacosis	
5
38c
115b
34
2
13-22
286
Venereal diseases—
30
61
2 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 29
INFANT MORTALITY.
The downward trend in infant mortality rates, which was noted last year, has
continued in 1948. The rate for the total population declined from 36.5 deaths per
1,000 live births in 1947 to 33.4 deaths, and that for the other-than-Indian population
from 29.5 to 28.0. Substantial declines were registered in the number of infant deaths
from congenital debility, diarrhoea and enteritis, diseases of the thymus gland, and
injury at birth. Bronchitis, measles, and whooping-cough also caused a considerably
smaller number of fatalities. The toll of deaths from influenza increased this year, as
did the mortality from premature birth, the leading cause of infant deaths. While the
number of deaths from this cause in the other-than-Indian population increased from
255 in 1947 to 270 in 1948, Indian deaths from prematurity declined from last year's
figure of 45 to 33.
Table 11 shows the leading causes of infant mortality for the population, including
and excluding Indians.
Table 11.—Infant Mortality, 1944-48.
Cause of Death.
Including Indians.
Excluding Indians.
No.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
161a
38
3
56
23
2
39
28
22
67
95
1
52
221
10
8
102
25
5
51
19
29
4
57
17
6
69
24
16
75
124
2
53
239
7
2
128
41
5
57
25
2
53
40
9
85
119
11
48
300
15
17
132
40
1
59
11
3
26
27
21
73
115
2
44
303
10
4
129
37
23
4
27
5
39
34
4
57
110
4
13
217
4
3
62
27
2
22
8
36
3
35
12
39
106
1
107
35
8
1
20
26
11
61
88
26
158
7
86
119
64
33
Diarrhoea and enteritis	
Diseases of the thymus gland
60
35
10
61
114
10
43
244
13
5
97
50
21
5
71
117
1
16
212
1
31
38
17
26
7
160
85
115
1
20
255
3
6
94
70
157
110
35
108-109
Pneumonia (other than
26
196
5
7
62
19
159
270
13-22
9
2
78
95
Totals	
767
792
852
959
868
583
606
631
734
689
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
17,797
17,646
21,296
24,906
24,642
Rate per 1,000 living
40.4
42.0
37.7
36.5
33.4
32.8
34.3
29.6
29.5
28.0
Table 12.—Neo-natal, Infant, and Maternal Mortality Rates for
British Columbia, 1939-48.
1939.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
Neo-natal mortality rates per
births—-
1,000 live
22.1
19.8
52.2
39.0
30.7
147.4
3.1
2.3
13.6
21.4
18.9
65.8.
38.0
28.6
166.5
3.1
2.8
7.4
21.1
19.2
50.2
36.7
30.0
142.9
2.7
2.2
10.0
20.0
19.1
35.3
35.5
29.5
127.5
2.7
2.5
4.9
23.3
22.2
41.4
37.8
31.8
131.2
2.5
2.3
6.2
23.7
22.0
49.1
40.4
32.8
153.1
2.6
2.4
5.8
24.1
23.1
39.0
42.0
34.3
151.1
2.6
2.4
5.7
22.1
19.7
47.2
37.7
29.6
168.3
1.7
1.4
6.1
22.4
20.8
52.9
36.5
29.5
163.0
1.2
1.2
7.2
21.1
20.1
40.1
Infant mortality  rates  per
births—
1,000  live
33.4
28.0
133.4
Maternal mortality rates per
births—
1,000 live
1.1
1.0
3.0 E 30                           department of health and welfare.
Graph E.—Infant and Maternal Mortality Rates, British Columbia, 1939-48.
(Rates per 1,000 live births.)
RATE
l|UUU
900
800
—
LEGEND
700
—
600
-
EXCL. INDIANS	
500
400
—
INDIANS ONLY	
300
-
200
	
INFANT  MORTALITY
**     "00t
* ^-
**^
"*
,"'
"	
-*  ****
~
"^^
100
90
80
70
—
-
60
50
40
30
■■■   M     1   ■!■!
™^   m   awa.
m ^^^ —
"	
•^" — ^^*
- —-
^    m   ^
20
\
•
10
9
8
-\
=        \
^
^
\
	
7
6
5
A
\
\
MATERN,
a   MORTAL
ITY
^ — "
^^ «
\
V
3
*• -     ~"
-N
^  ^
^*
^^ *■ *'
■ » ■-<- .
• — - •
m»   ■■   ^^m
^V
2
\
^^* "^^^
<t!
19
39                A
D                 4
1                  4
2                4,
1                 4
4                 4
5                 4
6                 4
7                19
48 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 31
MATERNAL MORTALITY.
It is encouraging to find fewer mothers dying during childbirth each year. In
1944 and 1945, 50 lives were lost from maternal causes, and this toll has been gradually
reduced. In 1948 the maternal deaths numbered 29, and the rate was less than half
that for 1944. Substantially the same situation exists for the population excluding
Indians; mortality has been reduced from 43 deaths in 1943 to 25 deaths in 1948, and
the rate has dropped from 2.4 to 1.0.
Table 13.—Maternal Mortality, 1944-48.
Int.
List
No.
Cause of Death.
Including Indians.
Excluding Indians
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
140
8
1
6
3
6
12
6
4
4
7
3
5
1
7
14
6
5
2
1
1
4
2
6
14
5
2
3
3
2
4
2
5
6
5
3
2
5
1
1
3
6
5
4
3
1
7
1
6
3
5
10
6
4
1
7
2
5
1
5
12
6
5
1
1
4
2
4
13
4
1
3
2
4
2
5
6
5
2
2
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
Other diseases and accidents of pregnancy
Haemorrhage of childbirth and puerperium
Infection during childbirth and puerperium....
4
4
3
149
150
Other accidents and specified conditions of
childbirth	
Other and  unspecified  conditions  of  child-
3
1
Totals	
50
50
38
32
29
43
43
30
31
25
2.6
2.6
1.7
1.2
1.1
2.4
2.4
1.4
1.2
1.0
MORTALITY FROM TUBERCULOSIS.
The figures on tuberculosis mortality this year indicate that the efforts to combat
this disease are proving very effective. The number of deaths in the total population
declined from 536 in 1947 to 442 in 1948, and in the population excluding Indians from
362 to 268. The rates per 1,000 population for the two groups declined from 0.51 and
0.36 in 1947 to 0.41 and 0.27 respectively. Table 14 shows the mortality from tuberculosis during 1944-48 according to the organ or site affected.
Table 14.—Mortality from Tuberculosis, 1944-48.
Int.
Organ or Site affected.
Including Indians.
Excluding Indians.
List
No.
1944.
1945.   1946.
1947.
1948.
1944.
1
1945. j 1946.
1947.
1948.
443
31
13
5
3
7
15
437
44
6
6
1
13
18
492
40
9
5
3
9
18
457
36
6
11
2
12
12
381
27
3
8
2
7
14
307
16
8
3
2
4
8
300
19
6
3
11
13
323
19
4
2
2
7
12
316
13
4
9
1
12
7
259
10
3
6
18-21
4
4
517
525
576
536
442
348
352
369
362
286
5.33
5.38
5.68
5.05
3.91
3.82
3.86
3.92
3.65
2.67
0.55
0.55
0.57
0.51
0.41
0.38
0.38
0.38
0.36
0.27 E 32
department of health and welfare.
MORTALITY FROM CANCER (INCLUDING INDIANS).
A considerable increase occurred this year in the number of deaths from cancer—
1,631 as compared to 1,486 last year. This caused an increase in the death rate from
1.42 per 1,000 population in 1947 to 1.51 in 1948.
Table 15 shows cancer mortality by organ or site affected for the years 1944
to 1948.
Table 15.—Mortality from Cancer, 1944-48.
Int. List No.
Organ or Site affected.
1944.
1945.
1946.
1947.
1948.
45
41
694
120
123
133
14
225
50
704
104
129
125
20
275
34
706
132
128
164
15
280
41
695
147
143
127
18
315
45
46
751
47
151
48, 49
134
50
175
53
Skin	
22
51, 52, 54, 55
353
Totals ,	
1,350
1,407
1,459
1,486
1,631
13.92
14.42
14.39
14.00
14 41
1.45
1.48
1.45
1.42
1 51 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 33
SPECIAL CLASSIFICATION OF ACCIDENTAL DEATHS.
The International List of Causes of Death includes all deaths from accidental
causes in International List Nos. 169 to 195. These numbers show the circumstances
involving accidental deaths. A supplemental code is recommended for use in the
categories 169 to 176, 180, and 187 to indicate the nature of the injury.
In Table 16 are shown the various causes of accidental deaths according to the
nature of the injury in 1948. As well as the categories 169 to" 176, 180, and 187, for
which the supplemental code is recommended, categories 178, 181 to 183, 185, 186, and
193 are included.
Table 16.—Special Classification of Accidental Deaths.
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death.
Male.
Female.
Total.
170o
172
178
180
169
172
173
180
181
170C
174
176
182
170O
172
173
175E
183
175A
176
185
170c
171a
171b
174
175A
175o
175D
186A
169
170a
170b
170o
170D
171a
171b
173
174
175A
175B
1750
175D
175E
176
187
186b
193
169-195
Accidental absorption of poisonous gas	
-    Automobile accidents (excluding trains or street-cars)	
Water transport accidents	
Accidental absorption of poisonous gas	
Conflagration j	
Accidental burns j .....
Railway accidents (excluding motor-vehicles)	
Water transport accidents	
Air transport accidents	
Conflagration	
Accidental burns (conflagration excepted)	
Accidental mechanical suffocation	
Automobile accidents (excluding trains or street-cars)	
Accidents in mines and quarries	
Other accidents involving machinery	
Accidental mechanical suffocation	
Accidental drowning	
Automobile accidents (excluding trains or street-cars)	
Water transport accidents	
Air transport accidents	
Other forestry accidents	
Accidental drowning	
Accidental injury by cutting or piercing instruments	
Accidents involving agricultural machinery and vehicles	
Other accidents involving machinery	
Accidental injury by cutting or piercing instruments	
Accidental injury by fall	
Automobile accidents (excluding trains or street-cars)	
Street-car accidents (excluding trains and motor-vehicles)	
Other road transport accidents (excluding street-cars, trains, and
motor-vehicles)	
Accidents in mines and quarries	
Accidents involving agricultural machinery and vehicles	
Other agricultural accidents	
Accidents involving forestry machinery and vehicles	
Accidental injury by fall	
Accidental injury by crushing	
Railway accidents (excluding motor-vehicles)	
Collisions with trains	
Collisions with street-cars	
Automobile accidents (excluding trains or street-cars)	
Motor-cycle accidents (excluding automobiles)	
Street-car accidents (excluding trains and motor-vehicles)	
Other road transport accidents (excluding street-cars, trains, and
motor-vehicles)	
Air transport accidents	
Accidents in mines and quarries	
Accidents involving agricultural machinery and vehicles	
Injury by animals in agriculture	
Other agricultural accidents	
Accidents involving forestry machinery and vehicles	
Other forestry accidents	
Other accidents involving machinery	
Cataclysm	
Accidental injury by crushing	
Accidents due to electric currents ,	
Accidents due to electric currents r.	
Total special classification of accidental deaths (listed above)	
Total accidental deaths..
29
1
1
20
7
40
3
1
2
19
15
17
2
2
13
127
5
25
2
5
90
3
1
•1
1
110
7
1
1
1
1
1
1
97
269
20
8
1
115
9
2
15
3
1
2
6
51
9
1
18
4
10
10
1
37
4
1
28
1
2
33
1
1
20
11
50
3
1
2
29
15
18
2
2
1
13
133
9
26
1
1
1
111
1
1
1
1
1
97
306
24
8
2
143
10
10
1
2
15
3
1
2
6
51
9
1
18
203
662 E 34
department of health and welfare.
STILL-BIRTHS.
The still-birth rate increased slightly to 13.0 per 1,000 live births this year over the
record low in 1947 of 12.9. The increase was a little greater for the other-than-Indian
population, the rate having increased from 12.7 last year to 13.1 this year.
The number of still-births and the rates per 1,000 live births for the population
including and excluding Indians are shown in Table 17.
'
Table 17.—Still-births, 1939-48.
Including Indians.
Excluding Indians.
Year.
Number of
Still-births.
Number of
Living Births.
Rate per 1,000
Living Births.
Number of
Still-births.
Number of
Living Births.
Rate per 1,000
Living Births.
1939	
239
274
287
304
317
298
328
321
340
339
12,373
13,830
15,038
16,808
18,802
18,999
18,877
22,609
26,286
25,984
19.3
19.8
19.1
18.1
16.9
15.7
17.4
14.2
12.9
13.0
230
260
273
292     .
302
291
316
305
317
322
11,491
12,881
14,142
15,788
17,666
17,797
17,646
21,296
24,906
24,642
20.0
1940	
20.2
1941	
19.3
1942	
18.5
1943	
17.1
1944	
16.4
1945	
17.9
1946	
14.3
1947	
12.7
1948	
13.1
Marriages.
The upward trend in marriages, which has continued for the last three years, was
reversed this year, 11,718 marriages having been performed, compared with 11,852 in
1947.   The rate also declined from 11.4 per 1,000 population in 1947 to 10.8 this year.
The table below shows the number of marriages performed during 1948 by conjugal condition of the contracting parties, together with the rate per 1,000 population
during the ten-year period 1939-48.
Table 18.—Marriages by Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties, 1939-48.
Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties.
Total
Number of
Marriages.
Year.
Single.
Widowed.
Divorced.
Marriage
Rate per 1,000
Population.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
1939	
7,149
7,128
391
360
322
374
7,862
9.9
1940	
8,678
8,596
503
528
443
500
9,624
12.0
1941	
8,745
8,649
525
583
499
537
9,769
11.9
1942	
9,643
9,538
598
613
586
676
10,827
13.1
1943	
8,203
8,077
586
668
597
640
9,385
10.4
1944	
7,176
7,116
669
657
589
661
8,434
9.0
1945	
7,811
7,733
619
751
832
778
9,262
9.8
1946	
9,957
9,723
652
838
1,153
1,201
11,762
11.7
1947	
9,835
9,676
684
827
1,333
1,349
11,852
11.4
1948	
9,668
9,618
676
805
1,374
1,295
11,718
10.8 .
MARRIAGES
12,000
VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
Graph F.—Marriages in British Columbia, 1939-48.
E 35
1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 E 36
department of health and welfare.
Table 19 shows the number of marriages solemnized in British Columbia in each
month of the year from 1939 to 1948.
Table 19.—Marriages by Months, 1939-48.
Year.
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
Apr.
May.
June.
July.
Aug.
Sept.
Oct.
Nov.
Dec.
Total.
1939	
329
387
321
551
464
732
612
623
1,276
968
796
803
7,862
1940	
454
457
578
588
600
1,124
1,283
1,328
878
798
766
770
9,624
1941	
505
604
635
760
760
1,129
878
994
885
871
831
917
9,769
1942	
702
716
729
930
898
1,105
927
1,052.
-948
1,012
858
950
10,827
1943	
659
703
686
723
741
1,044
906
826
781
752
720
844
9,385
1944	
552
526
555
784
642
992
735
711
785
693
651
808
8,434
1945...	
532
5.39
571
643
657
1,096
928
900
932
804
786
874
9,262
1946	
632
697
845
900
886
1,444
879
1,177
1,214
1,007
1,064
1,017
11,762
1947	
650
754
749
995
' 1,034
1,361
1,022
1,241
1,140
980
968
958
11,852
1948	
655
668
794
881
977
1,293
1,244
1,048
1,181
1,078
906
993
11,718
Graph G.—Marriages by Months in British Columbia, 1944-48.
MARRIAGES
1,600
1,400
1,200
800
200
JFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASONDJFMAMJJASOND
1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 37
PART II.—ADMINISTRATION AND DIVISIONAL
ACTIVITIES.
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION.
Registration.—One of the principal functions of the Division of Vital Statistics is
to effect accurate registration of every birth, death, still-birth, and marriage occurring
in the Province. The Division is especially vigilant in ensuring that such registration
is complete. To this end a number of checks have been instituted, such as the physician's notice of birth, hospital returns, school returns of children enrolling for the
first time, periodic checks of marriage registers, Coroners' reports, motor-vehicle accident reports, cemetery returns, and others. In order to assist the public in connection
with delayed registration, the Division has, over a period of years, done everything
possible to obtain early records of baptisms, burials, doctors' personal records, and
other pertinent documents.
Volume of Registration.—The volume of registrations handled by the Division continued to increase this year. The 1947 record volume of registrations was exceeded
in 1948 by 1.5 per cent. Table 1 shows the number of registrations accepted by the
Division over the ten-year period from 1939 to 1948:—
Table
1.—Summary of Registration, 1939-48.
Year.
Live Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
Still-births.
Adoptions.
Divorces.
Total.
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
1943	
1944	
13.176
15,616
17,025
18.346
20,068
19.962
20,229
23,870
26,758
26,965
7.626
8.386
8,617
8,916
9,918
9,833
9,848
10,212
10,768
11,444
7,897
9,694
9,828
10,905
9,476
8,549
9,317
11,875
11,892
11,773
279
280
308
313
338
321
340
331
355
343
150
163
191
157
249
303
330
402
509
680
608
687
563
847
886
1,031
1,366
2,052
1,880
1,744.
29,736
34,826
36.532
39,484
40.935
39,999
1945	
41,430
1946	
1947	
48,742
52,162
1948       	
52,949 E 38
department of health and welfare.
Graph H.—Summary of Registrations of Births, Deaths, and Marriages
in British Columbia, 1939-48.
55,000
50,000
45,000
40,000
35,000
30,000
25,000
20,000
10,000
5,000
LEGEND
TOTAL  REGISTRATIONS —
BIRTHS          —   —  —i
MARRIAGES— - ^— -
/
r
S
■vi  ^^™''
s
y^^
--
^-*
**
**
% ..
^
	
1 ™ "^^! tt
^
m   ^m^  —   —
^^* *
m _ *
r-
1939 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 1948 ADOPTIONS
800
VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
Graph I.—Adoptions in British Columbia, 1939-48.
E 39
700
soo
500
400
300
200
100
1939 40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
1948
Graph J.—Divorces in British Columbia, 1939-48.
DIVORCES
2,400
2,100
1,800
1,500
1,200
900
600
300
0
1939 40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47 1948 E 40
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Table 2 shows the total number of current registrations, including Indians, filed
with the Division of Vital Statistics during the year ended December 31st, 1948, distributed according to place of occurrence in the various statistical areas.
Table 2.—
Total Number of Registrations, 1948.
Area.
Living
Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
Area.
Living
Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
la               	
63
438
154
107
680
639
1,127
706
151
3,525
10,196
3,355
42
428
395
25
98
6
133
637
1
1
72
33
115
53
33
152
245
365
182
63
1,552
5,021
1,714
36
127
141
11
38
12
50
304
3
10
29
28
120
45
42
197
176
422
261
44
1,362
6,165
1,548
11
149
113
1
21
3
52
183
1
7a    	
88.
2
249
328
37
1
226
103
145
2
2
8
4
238
3
23
5
142
278
1,463
20
11
52
68
19
3
54
45
31
2
4
3
6
122
2
14
2
1
22
68
596
24
lb                   	
7b           	
1
lc                     	
7c	
8a   	
40
2a             	
128
2b                              	
8b   	
15
2c	
8c	
8d        	
2
61
3b                 	
8e	
27
3c                	
8f	
40
4a                     	
8g	
1
4b
9b	
3
5b	
9c	
9d       	
5c
113
5d
9e        	
5e	
5f
9f	
10a               	
10
3
6a      ..          	
10b	
6b	
10c	
lOd	
33
6c	
72
6d	
205
6e
Totals	
6f	
22
26,326
11,434
11,749
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION AMONG THE ORIENTAL RACES.
Chinese.
During the year 1948 there were 139 Chinese live births registered in the Province—70 male and 69 female. Of this total number, 122 actually occurred during the
year—64 males and 58 females. The remaining 17 were registrations of births which
occurred in years before 1948. There was only 1 still-birth. The number of deaths
of Chinese registered during the year was 288 males and 18 females, a total of 306.
Cancer caused 34, of which 31 were males and 3 were females. Tuberculosis was
responsible for 33 deaths—31 males and 2 females. Infant deaths where the child
was under 1 year of age numbered 11.    Of these, 6 were males and 5 females.
Japanese.
The number of Japanese live births registered during the year 1948 was 123—
65 males and 58 females.
All the male births registered during 1948 occurred in that year, but 4 of the
female births registered occurred in prior years, leaving a total of 58 female Japanese
actually born in the year.    One female still-birth was registered.
There were 35 male deaths and 17 female deaths, a total of 52. Of these, tuberculosis accounted for 10—5 males and 5 females. Cancer took 8 lives—5 males and
3 females.
Deaths of infants under 1 year of age accounted for 2 female deaths.
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION AMONG INDIANS.
During the year ended December 31st, 1948, there were 1,463 Indian live births
registered, of which 756 were males and 707 females.    Included in these figures were VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948:
E 41
three females who were born outside the Province. Still-births registered numbered
24—18 males and 6 females. There were 561 Indian deaths registered during 1948—■
285 males and 276 females. Tuberculosis caused 137 deaths—68 males and 69 females.
Pneumonia caused an equal number of male and female deaths—39 in each case.
Deaths in the first year of life numbered 169—92 males and 77 females. The number
of marriages registered during the year numbered 205.
DOUKHOBOR REGISTRATION OF BIRTHS.
This Division has carried on the registration of Doukhobor births, in co-operation
with the Provincial Police, since May, 1937, when instructions in this regard were first
given.    The number of registrations filed since that time is 4,015.
Table 3 shows the registration of Doukhobor births during 1948 and the cumulative
total of the births registered during the years from 1937 to 1948 by year of birth
and sex.
Table 3.—Doukhobor Births by Year and Sex.
" Year of Birth.
1948.
Cumulative
Total,
1937-48.
Year of Birth.
1948.
Cumulative
Total,
1937-48.
M.
F.
T.
M.
F.
T.
1907	
2
9
24
35
46
71
86
44
73
74
109
110
96
81
66
74
104
76
114
114
133
1929	
145
1908	
1930	
104
1909      	
1931	
119
1910 	
1932	
144
1911	
1933	
128
1912. .    	
1934	
125
1913        	
1935	
124
1914 .       	
1936	
119
1915             	
1937	
163
1916.           	
1
1938	
131
1917 :	
1939	
1
1
1
1
137
1918	
	
1940 :	
147
1919	
....  ....
...J ....
1941	
129
1920	
1942	
129
1921    ..       	
1943	
111
1922	
1944	
89
1923	
1945	
1
1
2
63
1
2
10
125
87
1924	
1946	
1947	
1948	
1
8
62
72
75
1925	
143
1926	
 |	
125
1927
1
Totals	
1928	
 1	
68
140
4,015 E 42
department of health and welfare.
Table 4 shows Doukhobor births registered during 1948 and the cumulative total
of all births registered in the years from 1937 to 1948, by place of birth in the
Province.
Table 4.—Doukhobor Births by Place of Birth.
Place of Birth.
1948.
Cumulative
Total,
1937-48.
Home.
Institution.
Total.
Area lb—
1
1
9
3
5
3
65
■1
12
35
2
1
1
1
1
3
65
2
12
9
38
2
6
1
1
1
Area 2—
1
13
416
New Denver	
13
1
26
2
2
Trail -	
117
2,400
Area 3—
110
2
Kelowna	
6
7
Penticton	
3
854
Area 4a—
Matsqui -	
1
5
1
Area 4b—
Vancouver -	
Area 5a—
20
Area 6a—
Area 8a—
1
1
Area 8 b—
Totals	
19
121
140
4,015 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 43
Table 5 shows Doukhobor births registered during 1948 and the cumulative total
from 1937 to 1948, by birthplace of parents.
Table 5.—Doukhobor Births by Birthplace of Parents.
Part A.
Birthplace of Father.
1948.
Cumulative
Total,
1937-48.
Birthplace of Father.
1948.
Cumulative
Total.
1937-48.
1
71
1
57
11
604
42
1
1
2
1,896
1
20
1
1
4
China	
Germany	
Greece	
Poland	
Russia	
Sicily	
3
1
1
5
1
1
1
2
1,358
1
4
Yugoslavia	
Manchuria	
9
1
7
46
Armenia	
Totals	
140
4,015
Part B.
Birthplace of Mother.
1948.
Cumulative
Total,
1937-48.
Birthplace of Mother.
1948.
Cumulative
Total.
1937-48.
2
85
3
1
48
5
888
38
2
2
1,860
35
1
2
1
1
1,173
1
1
1
Poland	
2
2
Manchuria	
Totals	
1
140
4,015
COMPLETENESS OF REGISTRATION.
Indians.
Current Registrations.
The year 1948 brought a considerable improvement over previous years in the
completeness and quality of registration of Indian births, still-births, marriages, and
deaths. Among the factors contributing to this condition are the payment of family
allowance to Indians, the realization by the Indian Superintendent of the importance
of accurate vital statistics, and a close liaison between the Division, the Indian Commissioner for British Columbia, and the Superintendents in charge of the various
Agencies.
As in many years past, the Division has enjoyed the whole-hearted co-operation of
the office of the Indian Commissioner for British Columbia. Results of inspections by
officials of both departments are compared, and in this manner many mutual problems
can be overcome. Periodic visits were made to the Indian Commissioner's office during
the year, resulting in revision and expansion of certain routines which were designed
as a check of the progress of registration. One of the most valuable methods of
checking the more recent registrations was the inauguration, in the fall of 1948, of a
report from the Indian schools covering pupils enrolled for the first time. E 44 department of health and welfare.
Inspections were made by the Division in seven of the Indian Agencies during the
year, while periodic visits which did not entail complete inspection were made in five
other Agencies.
The main causes of difficulty confronting the Indian Superintendent appear to be
the result of poor transportation, poor educational facilities in the more remote areas,
and the nomadic nature of many of the Indians. An improvement in transportation
facilities, combined with a more frequent contact with whites, is bound to cause an
improvement in the registration of this minority group.
In certain instances where Indian Agencies are near the International Border, it
has been found that families move seasonally back and forth across the boundary-line.
During absences from British Columbia, births, still-births, deaths, and marriages
occur, in most cases within the State of Washington. Owing to a different method of
gathering vital statistics records in the United States, the Indians, upon returning to
their respective Agencies, are generally unaware as to whether or not proper registrations have been made covering events during their absence. The Indian Superintendents find it quite impossible to check directly as to whether or not registrations
have been made but, through the courtesy of Mr. Irvin Vaughn, State Registrar of Vital
Statistics, Seattle, Wash., an agreement was reached whereby the State office will clear
any verifications .requested by this Division. In practice this means that the Indian
Superintendents will notify this Division of any events which have occurred in the
State of Washington, and a check will be made with the State Registrar, who, if necessary, has agreed to take steps to obtain satisfactory registration. Gratitude is hereby
expressed to the State Registrar for his co-operation in this regard.
Documentary Revision.
The project of checking, typing, reindexing, and correcting the registrations
during the period 1917 to 1946, inclusive, was carried on throughout the year. As a
result of this work, the quality of the registrations for the earlier years is being considerably improved, and steps are being taken to obtain delayed registrations when
proper records are found to be lacking.
Among the factors contributing to the difficulties in this particular project has
been the practice of Indians to change their names at will, thus making it an exceedingly arduous task in many instances to trace identity. Often it has been found that
an Indian child has taken as his surname the given name of his father, so that by the
third generation all means of tracing identity through names has been lost. In other
instances, changes have been made for no apparent reason.
It has been necessary in several cases for the Superintendent of the Agency concerned to work in close conjunction with the staff of this Division, in order that
explanations as to variations in names may be had with the least possible delay.
D0UKH0B0RS.
Current Registrations.
At the commencement of 1948 the attitude of Doukhobors toward registration was
almost entirely negative. However, as a result of a carefully planned programme,
tactfully and diplomatically carried out by a special field representative of the Division,
it was found by the spring that the situation was already showing signs of improvement. As the months passed, the results of the work indicated that the policies were
meeting with a considerable measure of success.
By the end of the year most of the Doukhobor factions were willing to supply
information for the registration of vital statistics.
Although the Doukhobor problem appears to be the most serious with which the
Division must contend in accomplishing completeness of registration, it is quite certain VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E 45
that progress has been made during 1948. There are indications that this progress will
continue in 1949. In any case, the Division believes that a long-term view of this
problem must be taken.
Registration of Births.
Current Registrations.
There is no lack of proper birth registration, except in a small number of the most
isolated areas of the Province and among Doukhobors and Indians, as already noted.
Particularly since the advent of family allowances, very few people, even in the most
remote areas, are not aware of the requirements of registration.
On the other hand, with the stimulus of family-allowance payments, steps must be
taken to ensure that there is not overregistration—that is, the registration of one
child's birth under several sets of names, such as might permit the payment of several
allowances without detection.
In previous years it has been noted that the basis for most fraudulent registrations
was a desire on the part of the mother of a child to conceal the fact of illegitimacy.
However, during the past year a new situation has been observed—namely, that of
false registrations being filed in the belief that a mother was protecting her rights to
custody of the child. In practically every case it has been found that false registrations were made through ignorance and a desire to protect the child rather than with
intent to defraud. The Division is nevertheless cognizant of its responsibilities of
ensuring as far as possible that only correct registrations are received.
Appreciation is extended to the medical practitioners for the services they have
rendered in forwarding notifications of births and still-births to the appropriate District Registrars, thus assisting all concerned to file registrations with a minimum of
delay. The hospitals of the Province have likewise performed a very valuable service
to the Division in the submission of the monthly returns of births, and in many
instances have assisted the District Registrars in obtaining registrations promptly.
Gratitude is therefore expressed to the hospital officials for this assistance.
A new type of birth registration form was prepared during the year and will be
put into use commencing January 1st, 1949. Certain details have been rearranged in
the hope of having the questions made clearer to the general public. The birth form
has been enlarged to cap size in order to give more space for questions and marginal
notations, and to standardize the size for microfilm purposes, binders, etc.
Delayed Registration of Birth.
A survey of the delayed registrations of births filed in the last several years reveals
that the largest number of registrants were born either immediately prior to the turn
of the century or up to approximately 1920. For many such applicants the matter of
securing adequate verification to meet the minimum standards adopted by all Canadian
Provinces was most onerous. Over a period of many years, records of baptisms have
been gathered from numerous churches of the Province, and these have been found
very useful in completing delayed registration files. In order to assist the public, steps
were taken to secure the loan of many more such records, by such means as writing to
the clergymen in charge-of churches, by requests to District Registrars, and by personal
contact during inspection trips. The result of this campaign was that during the year
many thousands of records were gathered, placed on microfilm, and indexed in such
a way that they can be of great assistance in supporting applications for delayed
registration.
In addition to the above records, many thousands of old Notices of Birth made by
physicians were consolidated, and institutional records were obtained, the whole being
indexed in such a manner that ready reference may be made for the desired informa- E 46 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
tion.   Efforts will be continued during the next year to make this library of verification
as complete and useful as possible.
Effect of Family Allowance.
It has been the experience of the Division since the inception of family allowances
that numerous inaccuracies in registration, such as fraudulent records, misspelling of
names, and incorrect dates of events have been brought to light. In many cases it has
thus been possible to have the records amended.
Payment of the allowance constitutes a valuable stimulus for prompt registration,
particularly with regard to many Indians who have hitherto not shown any great desire
to file birth registrations.
An excellent liaison exists between the Family Allowance Branch and the Division,
and gratitude is hereby expressed for the spirit of co-operation shown at all times by
the Family Allowance Branch.
Registration of Deaths.
No difficulty is encountered in obtaining completeness of death registration, except
in the most remote areas of the Province and among Doukhobors and Indians. There
has, however, been an improvement in both these minority groups during the year, and
steps have been taken through the field representatives to ensure that registration is
kept at a high standard. With the expansion in the Indian medical services, there has
been a marked improvement in the quality of registration, including the certification
of cause of death.
Several minor changes were made in the death registration form, preparatory to
putting it into operation on January 1st, 1949. Certain details have been rearranged
on the form in the hope of having the questions made clearer to the general public.
However, in 1949 a further revision will be necessary in the form concerning the
statement of cause of death as recommended by the World Health Organization, effective January 1st, 1950.
Registration of Marriages.
Generally speaking the Division believes that virtually all legal marriages are
registered. However, among two groups—namely, Indians and Doukhobors—there is
a problem created by these people being married by their own customs rather than
those prescribed by the " Marriage Act."
Steady progress is being made with respect to the former through the influence of
the clergy. It is felt that the situation will continue to improve as the contact between
Indians and whites becomes more frequent. On the other hand, the Doukhobors, owing
to their religious beliefs, are not served by the clergy of any denomination and thus
have little means of gaining a new point of view beyond their own natural desire to
break away from the old sectarian beliefs. Although most Doukhobors persist in
marrying according to their own customs and without the solemnization of the ceremony by a clergyman as such, an increasing number of young persons were married by
civil ceremony during the past year. This is an indication that the customs which were
so rigidly followed by the older people are losing their significance to the younger
generation.
Completed marriage registers are checked routinely at the time of issuance of each
new register. In addition, many registers which have been issued over a period of
years and which are not completely filled in have been recalled so that the entries
therein could be checked. In this manner many delayed registrations of marriages
were effected. Also, all Certificate of Publications of Banns forms, when received, are
checked with the incoming registrations in order to locate any unregistered marriages. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E 47
DELAYED REGISTRATIONS OF BIRTHS.
A total of 2,028 delayed registrations of births were investigated and subsequently
ordered in 1948, an increase of 1,068 from the previous year. Of these 2,028 registrations made in 1948, 426 were completed on payment of a $2 fee, thus realizing a revenue
of $852. There were 1,602 delayed birth registrations accepted free of charge in
compliance with a special Order in Council which covered certificates for children
whose parents were certified to be in destitute circumstances or in receipt of public
assistance, as well as applications for delayed registrations for military purposes.
FRAUDULENT REGISTRATIONS OF BIRTHS.
In 1948 there were 32 fraudulent or improper registrations of births disposed of,
as compared to 18 investigated and cleared in 1947.
LEGITIMATION OF BIRTHS.
Following the marriage of the natural parents, legitimations were completed for
105 children born out of wedlock. After complete investigation by the Division, a
substitution showing the child as legitimate from birth was filed for each case.
STATUTORY NOTATIONS ENTERED.
Notations were made on 361 registrations in 1948 in accordance with provisions of
the " Vital Statistics Act." Alteration of Christian or given names accounted for 113
notations, while proven errors of spelling, dates, and incomplete information constituted the remainder.
SCHOOL-TEACHERS' RETURNS UNDER THE "VITAL
STATISTICS ACT."
As noted in the section on legislation in this Report, the section of the " Vital
Statistics Act" requiring school-teachers to submit a report on pupils attending school
for the first time was declared inoperative by Order in Council, except in certain
registration districts.
For these districts, 80 reports were submitted in the school-year 1947-48. These
reports covered 196 pupils, of whim 154 were born in British Columbia and 42 were
born outside the Province. An effort was made to find a birth registration for each
of the children reported to have been born in the Province. If the registration of
birth was not found under the year of birth reported by the teacher, records for the
year preceding and following were searched before the child was listed as unregistered.
The parents of the children whose births appear to have been unregistered are notified
in order to effect a registration.
The following table shows the results:—
Table 6.—School-teachers' Returns under the " Vital Statistics Act."
Born in British Columbia  154
Born outside British Columbia    42
Number registered  . : 147
Number apparently not registered      7
CHANGE OF NAME.
The number of applications for change of name granted in 1948 was 359. Since
the " Change of Name Act" was assented to on December 6th, 1940, a total of 2,064
names have been dealt with under the Act.    In order to take advantage of the pro- E 48 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
visions of the Act, it is necessary for the applicant to be a British subject, 21 years of
age or over, and domiciled in British Columbia.
It is required by section 14 of the " Change of Name Act" that notice of any
change of name of persons resident in the Province in the twenty years prior to the
passing of the Act had to be filed with the Division within three months after the Act
was proclaimed. Since that date 3,113 notices have been filed. In many instances,
certificates have been issued which have proved useful to people in helping to provide
proof and explanation of their change of name at some date prior to December 6th,
1940.
The Division has continued to receive these notices of change of name because the
Act does not limit it from receiving such notices, although filing notice within the
three-month period was mandatory for persons who had changed their name.
ADMINISTRATION OF THE "CHANGE OF NAME ACT."
A consolidation of the Forms CN. 2 and 3, covering an application for change of
name, was made. Additional instructions were outlined on these forms and on Form
CN. 1, as well as in the covering letter. This consolidation simplified the work of this
part of the Change of Name Section.
ADOPTION ORDERS.
Notations of adoption were made on 577 birth registrations for the 680 adoptions
ordered by the Supreme Court during the year. A notation of adoption is made on
each original registration showing the name of the adopted child and its parents, the
date and place of adoption. Any certificate which is subsequently issued from the
registration is issued under the name by adoption of the child and does not give any
indication of previous status. The statistics in Tables 47 to 50 cover adoptions filed in
the British Columbia Supreme Court only.
Notices of adoption and consequent change of name ordered in British Columbia
are forwarded to other Provinces concerned, and to certain States and countries, so
that suitable notations of the event may be made on the registrations of that Province,
State, or country.
DECREES OF DISSOLUTION AND NULLITY OF MARRIAGE.
The decline in divorces which occurred last year continued in 1948. There were
1,744 copies of decrees of dissolution and nullity of marriage filed with the Division
by the Registrars of the Supreme Court in British Columbia. Of these, 1,683 were
divorces, 48 were nullities, and 13 judicial separations. There were no dismissals
during the year.
A notation of divorce is made on each original marriage registration, showing also
the date and place of dissolution. Any certificate which is subsequently issued from
the document contains a copy of this notation. Details of divorces pertaining to
ex-Province marriages are sent to the Province of marriage, in order that the necessary
notations may be made on the original marriage registration.
NOTICE OF FILING A WILL.
Since March 28th, 1945, the provisions of the " Wills Act Amendment Act, 1945,"
whereby notice of the filing of a will may be made to the Division of Vital Statistics,
have been available to the public. These notices state the date and location of the will,
and a search of the notices on file can be made by the Division upon proper application.
From the date of inception of the amendment to the end of 1947, a total of 2,254 such
notices were filed. During 1948 another 1,363 were filed, to bring the number on file
at the end of the year up to 4,058. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 49
ADMINISTRATION OF THE "MARRIAGE ACT."
One of the primary duties of the Division is the administration of the " Marriage
Act." Responsibilities under this Act include the qualifications of persons for marriage, caveats, adequate proof of divorce, proof of age and consent of parents for
minors, presumption of death, and orders for remarriage. The " Marriage Act"
further provides that ministers and clergymen must be duly registered with the Division to be eligible to perform marriages in the Province. Considerable investigation
as to the background of new religious organizations, their present status, and possibility of continued existence is made before registration is accepted. Such investigations include personal visits by the Inspector of Vital Statistics so that he may assess
the statements made regarding application for registration, in so far as they pertain
to the number of adherents, possible growth, and continuity of existence.
REGISTRATION OF MINISTERS AND CLERGYMEN.
A total of 202 applications for registration were granted by the Registrar during
the year, a decrease of 50 from last year's figure. There were 141 cancellations,
slightly less than the 149 for the previous year. At the end of this year there were
1,563 on register, an increase of 63 over the 1947 figure.
Table 7.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen.
Permanent.
Temporary.
Total.
Total authorized during 1948	
Total authorized from September 1st, 1930, to December 31st, 1948
Total cancelled during 1948	
Total cancelled from September 1st, 1930, to December 31st, 1948...
Number on register, December 31st, 1948	
151
;,300
1,744
1,556
51
751
48
744
7
202
4,051
141
2,488
1,563 e 50 department of health and welfare.   .
Table 8.—Registration of Ministers and Clergymen by Denomination.
Denomination.
1947.
1948.
Increase
or
Decrease.
Apostolic Church of the Pentecost	
Baptist Churches	
Bible Standard, Inc	
British Columbia Evangelical Mission	
Buddhist Churches of North America	
Catholic Apostolic Church	
Chaplaincy Service	
Christadelphians	
Christian Missionary Alliance.	
Christian Reformed Church	
Church of Christ	
Church of England in Canada	
Church of God	
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints	
Church of the Nazarene	
Church of the New Jerusalem	
Covenant Kingdom Ministry	
Dr. Ciena Davies' Ministry	
Doukhobor Sect	
Evangelical Free Church of North America	
Evangelical Church, North-west Canada Conference	
Evangelical Mission Covenant Church of North America	
First Christian Church, Vancouver (Shelton Memorial)	
Free Church of England	
Free Church of Scotland	
Free Methodist Church of North America	
Full Gospel Mission	
Greek Orthodox Church	
Holiness Movement	
International Foursquare Gospel Lighthouse	
Jewish	
Khalsa Diwan Society	
Liberal Catholic Church	
Lutheran Churches	
Mennonite Churches	
Methodist Episcopal Church (African)	
Moravian Church	
New Presbyterian Church	
Open Door Evangelistic Church	
Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada	
Pentecostal Holiness Church	
Peoples Fellowship....:.	
Plymouth Brethren	
Presbyterian Churches	
Reformed Presbyterian Church	
Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints....
Roman Catholic Church	
Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church	
Salvation Army	
Seventh-day Adventists	
Shantymen's Christian Association	
Society of Friends	
Spiritualists (National and British Columbia Associations)
Standard Church of America, Inc	
Ukrainian (or Ruthenian) Greek Catholic Church	
Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada	
Ukrainian Orthodox Church of America	
Unitarian Churches	
United Church of Canada	
Unity Metaphysical Centre	
Victoria Truth Centre	
Zion Tabernacle	
Totals	
9
81
2
5
2
4
3
10
2
3
248
9
7
19
1
1
2
1
3
3
4
2
7
13
10
2
5
20
7
4
5
44
63
1
3
2
1
67
10
1
11
75
20
311
2
39
12
2
2
23
4
3
2
1
299
1
1
4
1,498*
10
90
1
3
6
1
5
l,556f
+1
+9
+1
+1
+ 1
— 1
+ 1
9
— 1
2
3
252
+4
11
+2
11
+4
23
+4
2
+ 1
1
2
1
4
+1
4
+1
4
2
9
+2
1
+1
13
6
—4
2
5
20
5
— 2
5
+ 1
6
+ 1
46
+ 2
67
+4
1
3
3
+1
1
77
+ 10
11
+ 1
1
12
+ 1
72
— 3
5
+ 5
22
+2
314
+3
2
41
+2
16
+4
2
2
25
+ 2
4
3
2
1
1
+ 1
294
— 5
1
1
4
+58
* In addition, there were 4 temporaries  (1 Church of England, 2 Roman Catholic, 1 Latter-day Saints).
t In addition, there were 7 temporaries  (2 Church of England, 1 United Church of Canada, 2 Roman Catholic,
2 Chaplaincy Service). VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E 51
DISTRICT REGISTRARS' OFFICES, ETC.
Twenty-six district offices and sub-offices in the Province were inspected. Also, the
offices of seven Indian Agencies were visited. In addition, frequent visits were made
to the offices at Vancouver, North Vancouver, and New Westminster, and one visit was
made to the Kootenay area to check on the progress of registration of vital statistics
of Doukhobors. A large number of inspections had been planned for the year, but
owing to the disastrous flood conditions prevailing in the late spring, all such arrangements had to be cancelled.
During the last few years a growing need has been felt for larger space for the
office of the District Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages at Vancouver. This
has been partly occasioned by a great increase in population in that area, as well as
a growing number of civil marriages.
As the Provincial Government purchased, during the year, a building on Burrard
Street, near the Court-house, arrangements were made for the transfer of the District
Registrar's office in the spring of 1949 to space allocated in this building. Previously,
no suitable space had been available for civil marriages. However, with the new location a room has beeri set aside for performing marriages and for conducting private
interviews.
Many District Registrars were new appointees since the previous inspection, and
it was thus possible to render assistance and give instructions, particularly to those
who had had no former experience in this type of work.
Apart from instructing District Registrars in their duties and discussing various
problems with them, including the methods of gathering registrations and advising the
District Registrar of progress in various types of certification and record-keeping,
inspections have been used as a means of checking the growth and shift of population.
Information so gained is passed along to the senior statistician in order to verify
estimates of population within certain areas in the Province.
At the close of the year there were seventy-three registration districts under the
supervision of a District Registrar, and, in addition, there were twenty-four sub-offices
within these districts. Thirty-eight of the District Registrars were Government
Agents and Sub-Agents, forty District Registrars and Deputy District Registrars
were members of the British Columbia Police, six were other Government employees,
and the remaining thirteen were not Government employees. In addition, the eighteen
Indian Superintendents of the Province acted as ex officio District Registrars of vital
statistics for Indians.
STATISTICAL SERVICES.
Vital statistics have been called the book-keeping of health. Within this function
lies the duty of the Division to compile and analyse figures arising from vital statistics
registrations. Various types of statistical services are also made available to all divisions within the Provincial Department of Health and Welfare. Monthly summaries
of registrations are completed by this Division showing breakdown by age, sex, racial
groups, place of residence, place of occurrence, and others. Under this category, infant
and maternal mortality, deaths by causes and by age-groups are of particular value,
since they are an important measure of the state of health in the Province.
Assistance in the preparation, tabulation, and presentation of monthly and annual
reports is rendered to the Divisions of Tuberculosis and Venereal Disease Control.
Current diagnoses of tuberculosis cases are recorded in this office in order to maintain
an up-to-date register of all known cases. Periodically the Division is called upon to
assist with special requests and assignments with regard to tuberculosis and venereal
disease.
The information given on public health nurses' records is transferred to punch-
cards and tabulated.    Each month a summary is completed showing the amount and E  52 " DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
type of work done by the nurses. In addition, the Division maintains a central clearing
office for the public health nurses' school and family records.
Among other services rendered for different divisions are the reports of School
Environmental Sanitation and Medical Inspection of Schools.
The Division has aided in a programme to develop complete reporting of cancer
cases within the Province. Information given on the cancer report forms is punched
on statistical cards. Each year all the information given on the punch-cards is tabulated and compiled in table form for further analysis.
Requests for statistical information received from business firms, other Government departments, or individuals are handled free of charge. Special tabulations of
vital statistics in Greater Vancouver are run for the Metropolitan Health Committee.
In addition, duplicate punch-cards relating to deaths in Greater Vancouver are made
for this Committee. Monthly tables giving vital statistics information for Greater
Victoria are also compiled for the City Medical Health Officer of Victoria.
Special assistance was given by the Statistical Section to the British Columbia
Hospital Insurance Service with regard to detailed figures on population, births, and
deaths in the Province over a period of years. Statistical work was also done for a
special study conducted jointly by the Provincial and Federal health departments in
the use of the Wetzel Grid in school health examinations.
Commencing the first of the year, all relevant punch-card statistical applications
were coded according to school districts, which districts are also used for health administration purposes. This will make possible statistical information according to health
units and nursing districts.
MECHANICAL TABULATION.
Continuous use was made of the mechanical equipment of the Division during the
year both for routine monthly tabulation and indexes and for special assignments. At
the end of the year virtually all of the marriage index punch-cards from 1872 to date
had been punched. During the forthcoming year the indexes will be sorted and listed
on the tabulator. At the same time the death index punch-cards for the period 1872
to 1925 will be commenced.
Due to the creation of new services in the Government, both equipment and personnel were loaned to the Social Security and Municipal Aid Tax Branch, the Bureau of
Economics and Statistics for the hospital insurance plan, and also the Taxation Branch
of the Department of Finance. It was felt that this co-operation should be extended
to these services because of their urgent need, even although it was at some sacrifice
to the schedules of this Division.
MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR DISTRICT REGISTRARS, MARRIAGE
COMMISSIONERS, AND ISSUERS OF MARRIAGE LICENCES.
Part I.—" Vital Statistics Act."
Part II.—" Marriage Act."
Part III.—" Change of Name Act."
Part IV.—Alphabetical List of Places in British Columbia.
The first three parts contain comprehensive instructions for the Acts concerned,
together with rulings which have been received from higher authorities from time to
time and miscellaneous instructions. This is the first such detailed instruction manual
to be put into use by any of the Canadian Provinces, and only a few of the States of
the United States have prepared such consolidated instructions. Copies were therefore
distributed to the Provincial vital statistics offices, as well as the Dominion Bureau of
Statistics, each of the State Registrars and the National Office of Vital Statistics in the
United States.   The publication was very well received, and experience has shown that VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E  53
it has filled a real need in supplying to the District Registrars instructions covering
numerous situations with which they have not heretofore been confronted. In passing,
it should be noted that through transfers of members of the British Columbia Police,
who also are District Registrars, many new appointees have had no experience whatsoever in this type of work, and a comprehensive guide of some sort is essential if the
work of the Division is to be carried out satisfactorily.
The fourth part shows the vital statistics registration district in which the place
is included, whether in organized or unorganized territory, the statistical area, and
school district number. This publication has been very useful, not only to health
personnel of the Branch, but also to a number of other departments.
VITAL STATISTICS COUNCIL FOR CANADA.
In October the Vital Statistics Council for Canada met in Ottawa for the fifth
meeting. The agenda was very full, the most important items being the Report on the
International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death and
matters relative to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, the consideration of the model Vital Statistics Act, the minimum standards required for
delayed registration of birth, and many other items of a technical nature.
International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries,
and Causes of Death.
The World Health Organization adopted, on July 24th, 1948, Regulation No. 1,
regarding nomenclature and the compilation and classification of statistics with respect
to diseases and causes of death.
Article 1 requires that members of the World Health Organization shall compile
and publish annually statistics of causes of death in accordance with the said regulations on a calendar-year basis and in accordance with the classification, nomenclature,
and numbering as set out in the list given in the manual under International Statistical
Classification of Diseases, Injuries, and Causes of Death annexed to the regulation.
Article 2 requires that the coding of mortality statistics shall be in accordance
with the regulation.
Articles 3 and 4 require that each member shall publish the above statistics of
diseases on (a) territory as a whole, (b) principal towns, (c) national aggregates of
urban areas, and (d) national aggregates of rural areas, and they shall be published in
accordance with the detailed lists for group (a) above and, if this is not possible, in
accordance with the Intermediate List of 150 Causes. Article 5 requires that groups
(6), (c), and (d) should be published according to either the Intermediate List or, if
this is not possible, of the Abbreviated List of 50 Causes.
Articles 6, 7, and 8 prescribe the breakdowns of sex and age grouping.
Article 9 adopts a form of medical certificate of the cause of death similar to
the one now in use. Article 10 requires that medical certification of the cause of
death shall be the responsibility of the physician as far as possible. This means that
the present method of following the rules of joint causes of death will be discontinued.
Consequently, it may be expected that there will be a very considerable change in the
statistics of certain causes of death.
Articles 13 to 17 deal with morbidity in a somewhat similar manner to those outlined in the above mortality statistics. It may be noted that the list is a combined
mortality and morbidity code and will undoubtedly be of the utmost value for comparative purposes.   The need for an up-to-date morbidity code has been felt for a long time.
The effective date for these regulations will be January 1st, 1950.
There is a tremendous amount of work to be done, both by the Dominion Bureau
of Statistics and the respective Provinces, in connection with the preparation and the
adoption of these regulations. e 54 department of health and welfare.
Model Vital Statistics Act.
The model Vital Statistics Act was drafted by the Vital Statistics Conference in
December, 1947; it was revised by the committee of the Conference of Commissioners
of Uniformity of Legislation in Canada and presented to the Vital Statistics Council.
Very full discussions were held on controversial sections, and the matter was again
referred by the Council to the sub-committee of the Conference of Commissioners of
Uniformity of Legislation which, in turn, reported this matter to the committee of the
parent committee in December, 1948. At the end of the year the matter had not been
reported to the respective Attorneys-General. It is expected that during the forthcoming year the draft model Act will be thoroughly discussed by interested organizations in British Columbia and certain recommendations may be made to the 1950
Legislature.
Model Marriage Act.
At the time of writing the last Annual Report the verbatim report of the fourth
Council meeting, which took place on December 5th, 1947, had not been received, the
Division being unrepresented. Hence it was unaware that the Council had decided
to take no further action toward the making of a draft Model Marriage Act, except
to suggest that each Provincial representative refer the matter back to his Deputy
Minister. The reason lay in the fact that not all members were responsible for the
administration of the respective Provincial Marriage Acts.
There was a question whether the Federal Department of Trade and Commerce, of
which the Dominion Bureau of Statistics is a part, had any legal responsibility in the
solemnization of marriages, in view of the provisions of the " British North America
Act," which specifically states that this subject is a Provincial matter.
The Council felt that while a model Marriage Act is necessary, yet, because of the
question of jurisdiction, a conference would have to be held under other auspices. The
work which a committee of the Council had already done will be a most valuable document to any interested body, such as the committee of the Conference of Commissioners
of Uniformity of Legislation in Canada.
Minimum Standards for Delayed Registration of Birth.
In 1944 the Dominion and Provincial Conference of Vital Statistics passed Resolution No. 10, recommending that minimum standards of evidence required to effect
birth registrations be accepted by each Province. Subsequently, it was found that
some of the Provinces had not adhered to this resolution, and the standards for delayed
registration were being questioned by certain agencies, including the Canadian
National Railways and the Canadian Pacific Railway pension schemes, the Old-age
Pension Board, life-insurance companies, etc. It was decided to reconstitute the committee on this matter. The standards were reaffirmed and endorsed by the Council.
Since that time it is understood that each Province has agreed to these recommendations.   British Columbia has been adhering to them since February 22nd, 1945.
LEGISLATION.
The " Vital Statistics Act."
The section of this Act requiring school-teachers to submit a return to the Director
annually showing the name and date and place of birth of every child who is attending
school for the first time was declared inoperative, except in certain vital statistics
registration districts.
GENERAL OFFICE ROUTINE.
An 11-per-cent. increase in the volume of correspondence received by the Division
was registered this year over the volume received in 1947. There were 51,190 letters
received this year, compared to 46,137 in the previous year. VITAL STATISTICS-REPORT, 1948. E  55
There were 23,645 ordinary revenue-producing searches costing 50 cents in 1948,
compared to 22,682 in 1947. The number of Province-wide searches costing $2 was
104, while in 1947 the number was 83. The amount of revenue collected in the central
office of the Division in Victoria under the " Vital Statistics Act" was $31,551.09 this
year, compared to $30,051.76 in 1947. In addition, there was $5,062.50 collected under
the " Marriage Act" in 1948, as against $4,842.50 last year. The total revenue collected for the central office was $36,613.59 in 1948 and $34,894.26 in 1947.
For the calendar year 1948 there was a total of $90,895.74 revenue collected
throughout the Province. In 1947 the amount was $92,240.50. Revenue collected in
the Province under the " Vital Statistics Act" was $41,214.74, compared to $41,385.50
in 1947, and under the " Marriage Act" $49,681 was collected this year, compared to
$50,855 last year. E 56
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
PART III.—DETAILED TABLES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS,
MARRIAGES, ADOPTIONS, AND DIVORCES
IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
(Classified by Place of Residence.)
TABLE 1.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, CITIES, AND VILLAGES OF
1,000 POPULATION AND  OVER,  BY PLACE  OF  RESIDENCE,  1948.
BIRTHS
(Exclusive of
Still-births).
DEATHS.
NEONATAL
DEATHS
(Deaths
under 1
Month).
to
tt
H
S
s
H
M
DIVISIONS, CITIES,
AND VILLAGES.
All Ages.
Under
1 Year.
1-4
Years.
a
<
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
«
<
s
25,984
120
421
164
121
793
539
1,143
665
189
3.635
9.882
3,282
92
632
421
87
178
67
274
.    545
10
76
153
151
56
259
330
69
33
216
203
168
42
10
28
43
317
52
64
31
4
161
258
115
110
76
130
108
58
67
238
252
60
136
200
593
504
250
'   76
47
13,332
64
219
80
56
397
280
578
322
105
1,882
5,060
1,695
41
322
202
44
110
34
140
280
5
40
76
79
27
134
174
41
17
103
119
72
20
7
16
25
157
30
30
18
3
92
136
59
60
36
66
59
29
31
116
123
31
62
106
302
265
118
39
30
12,652
56
202
84
65
396
259
565
343
84
1,753
4,822
1,587
51
310
219
43
68
33
134
265
5
36
77
72
29
125
156
28
16
113
84
96
22
3
12
18
160
22
34
13
69
122
56
50
40
64
49
29
36
122
129
29
74
94
291
239
132
37
17
11,316
41
118
57
35
175
251
409
201
72
1.413
4,967
1,722
62
176
144
37
72
29
100
262
10
28
62
34
22
67
71
24
32
57
10,0
63
28
6
14
27
159
17
25
4
5
32
86
36
65
32
44
39
32
25
125
99
26
105
94
263
195
61
25
10
7,055
27
91
42
21
105
175
255
141
48
849
3,089
1,010
41
117
91
24
41
16
54
175
6
16
39
28
14
39
48
19
20
43
65
41
14
4
6
20
102
10
17
4
3
23
62
27
28
20
33
26
24
14
98
61
18
59
61
153
100
40
18
6
4,261
14
27
15
14
70
76
154
60
24
564
1,878
712
21
59
53
13
31
13
46
87
4
12
23
6
8
28
23
5
12
14
35
22
14
2
8
7
57
7
8
2
9
24
9
37
12
11
13
8
11
27
38
8
46
33
110
95
21
7
4
500
8
2
1
9
4
18
11
3
71
146
58
3
9
7
5
7
3
9
17
1
4
4
6
2
6
6
4
2
12
11
3
1
4
3
9
5
4
2
368
1
5
3
1
7
1
15
8
1
57
109
40
2
4
7
3
10
2
4
14
4
5
1
1
8
6
3
I
4
5
4
Ill
1
79
1
322
227
1
2
2
1
3
339
2
6
3
2
13
6
8
8
3
47
121
40
1
8
9
2
2
11,718
28
6
2
1
8
2
2
5
8
1
14
30
6
1
2
4
2
1
9
15
8
42
197
177
s
425
263
44
1,376
6,173
1,557
11
155
118
1
28
81         1
21        1
521       44
1071      71
471      32
21
91        3
a         R
Division No. 5c	
3
3
5
2
2
1
1
5
\
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
2
7
12
1
3
2
3
11
Division No. 5f:	
4
10
56
195
2
1
7
30
32
1
2
8
1
Division No. 7b	
1
4
1
2
3
4
1
1
3
1
3
3
3
Division No. 7c	
21         4
11         3
1         1
11         1
21         2
2!         2
41         4
1         1
li	
21         1
11         1
21        5
21
31         1
 L...
3
6
1
	
4
3
3
43
130
15
8
63
38
45
9
Division No. 8f	
1
Division No. 9b	
4
3
11
1
2
1
3
1
1
5
1
7
Division No. 9c	
2
5
1
1
4
139
3
17
3
Division No. 9e	
Division No. 10a	
2
[
4
16
4
4
2
3
11
4
3
1
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
2
2
5
33
73
59
150
55
63
88
33
27
159
170
31
206
114
558
155
73
33
11
2
1
Cities—
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
9
4
2
2
1
11
9
4
1
1
1
3
1
6
1
1'         1
11              0
1
1
1
1
6
Kamloops	
8
3
1
2
4
9
5
2
2
Nanaimo	
3
	
21         3
11
81        7
61        2
41         1
1
Nelson	
8
5
2
2
1
3
1
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
1
 1	 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 57
TABLE 1.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, CITIES, AND VILLAGES OF
1,000 POPULATION AND  OVER, BY PLACE  OF RESIDENCE, 1948—Continued.
BIRTHS
(Exclusive of
Still-births).
DEATHS.
NEONATAL
CO
tt
M
M
H
w
DIVISIONS, CITIES,
AND VILLAGES.
All Ages.
Under
1 Year.
1-4
Years.
(Deaths
under 1
Month).
H
<
s
Total.!    M.
1
F.
1
Total. 1
M.
F.
M. 1 F.
1
M.
F.
M.
F.
<
Cities—Continued.
Prince George	
1
2391       126
1771         90
1031        48
1511         75
3391       162
7,1951   3,628
2091      113
1,189'       614
1
47'         23
911         49
|
113
87
55
76
177
3,567
96
575
24
42
42
881
30']
301
811
3,984
721
7731
24!
28
30
62
18
18
41
2,508
49
436
17
14
12
26
12
12
40
1,476
23
337
7
14
41       4
51       4
ll      1
21      2
41       3
991     73
7|      2
12!    11
1
11      1
21
1
1
2
1
2
4
3
4
1
1
1
5
1
2
2
7
95
2
15
128
120
 1	
 !	
1      2
171     10
11	
3l      3
1
11..	
40
Rossland	
24
141
Vancouver	
Vernon	
74!       51
21         1
101         8
5,490
150
863
Villages-
36
Mission....*	
1
21	
1
2
59
TABLE 1A.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, INCLUDING CITIES AND VILLAGES OF 1,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE, 1948.
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently
urgent.
TABLE 2.—BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED
AS RURAL AND URBAN IN EACH CENSUS DIVISION, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHERS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently
urgent.
TABLE 3.—TOTAL LIVE BIRTHS AND LIVE BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS, BY PLACE
OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHERS, IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA, 1948.
ALL LIVE BIRTHS.
Plac* of
Occurrence.
Mothers' Residence
elsewhere.
Births to Resident
Mothers occurring
elsewhere.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
26,040
181
55
146
34
25,984
BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
Total for British Columbia..
25,015
178
145
33
24,960 E 58
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
TABLE 4.—TOTAL LIVE BIRTHS AND LIVE BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS IN CITIES
OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE
OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHERS, IN BRITISH  COLUMBIA, 1948.
ALL LIVE BIRTHS.
Place of
Occurrence.
Mothers' Residence
elsewhere.
Births to Resident
Mothers occurring
elsewhere.
Place o£
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
559
507
446
410
2,198
562
261
471
9,606
413
2,359
329
262
323
218
1,667
202
90
135
2,511
212
1,194
"s
2
20
"s
8
7
13
8
66
146
5
3
105
8
.25
"l
"ii
15
"i
238
252
136
200
593
504
177
339
7,195
209
1,189
BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
556
505
446
410
2,194
559
258
470
9,567
411
2,355
329
262
323
218
1,665
202
90
135
' 5
2
8
7
13
8
65
146
5
3
103
8
24
"l
i
14
2
235
250
136
200
590
501
174
Trail	
338
2,504                   20
212
1.194          1            3
7,160
207
1,184
TABLE 5.—LEGITIMATE AND ILLEGITIMATE BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) FOR THE PROVINCE AND CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND
OVER, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE OF MOTHERS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
PROVINCE AND
TOTAL BIRTHS.
LEGITIMATE.
ILLEGITIMATE.
CITIES.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total for British Columbia.
Cities—
25,984
,238
252
136
200
593
504
177
339
7,195
209
1,189
13,332
116
123
62
106
302
265
90
162
3,628
113
614
12,652
122
129
74
94
291
239
87
177
3,567
96
575
24,399
229
235
128
188
557
494
166
334
6,751
199
1,121
12,522
112
117
61
102
288
262
87
161
3,393
108
571
11,877
117
118
67
86
269
232
79
173
3,358
91
550
1,585
9
17
8
12
36
10
11
5
444
10
68
810
4
6
1
4
14
3
3
1
235
5
43
775
Prince Rupert	
Trail	
8
209
5
25
Victoria	 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948. E 59
TABLE 6.—MULTIPLE  BIRTHS CLASSIFIED  TO  SHOW NUMBER  OF  CHILDREN
BORN   ALIVE   AND   STILL-BORN   BY   SEX,   BY   PLACE   OF   RESIDENCE   OF
•      MOTHERS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
CLASSIFICATION OF BIRTHS. Number.
Twin  births    317
Two males   (both living)  100
One male and one female  (both living)  91
Two females   (both living)  Ill
One male living and one male still-born  3
One male living and one female still-born  1
One male still-born and one female living  4
One female living and one female still-born  6
Two males  (both still-born)  1
Triplet  births     1
Two females living and one female still-born  1
Total multiple births   318
 M. 304
, F. 333
Total single  live births  25,364
, M. 13,037
 F. 12,327
Total single still-births   322
 - M. 186
„      F. 136
Total confinements  26,004 E 60
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X< VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 63
TABLE 10.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED AS RURAL AND URBAN IN EACH
CENSUS DIVISION, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
Detailed information under this heading may be secured on request, if reason is sufficiently urgent.
TABLE 11.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR.
PROVINCE.
Place of
Residence elsewhere.
Deaths of Residents
occurring elsewhere.
Place of
Occurrence.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
862
2
1
G
3
868
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
British Columbia..
667
TABLE 12.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR, IN CITIES OF 5,000
POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF
RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR.
CITIES.
Place of
Occurrence.
Residence
elsewhere.
Deaths of Residents
occurring elsewhere.
Place of
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
34
9
19
5
60
IS
14
8
238
15
53
19
4
14
4
43
5
6
2
70
6
30
"i
1
1
1
4
15
5
5
1
19
14
172
23
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
Kamloops	
Kelowna	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster-
North Vancouver...
Prince Rupert	
Trail	
Vancouver	
Vernon	
Victoria	
33
9
19
5
58
15
13
7
213
13
53
19
4
14
4
43
4
6
2
68
6
30
14
5
5
1
17
12
8
6
149
7
23 E 64
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND WELFARE.
TABLE 13.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) BY AGE AT DEATH, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA,
1948.
All infants 	
AGES.
 Total
No.
868
500
368
257
161
96
76
48
28
51
22
29
28
17
11
23
12
11
13
5
8
12
4
8
460
269
191
38
18
20
18
16
2
33
19
14
AGES.
 Total
No.
549
 M.
 M.
aw
 F.
 F.
m
Under 1
day 	
 Total
 M.
1 month and under 2 months 	
 Total
59
 M.
30
 F.
 F.
29
 Total
2 months and under 3 months 	
 Total
 M.
56
 M.
 F.
35
 F.
21
 Total
3 months and under 4 months 	
 Total
 M.
4S
 M.
24
 F.
 F.
19
3 days
 Total
 M.
4 months and under 5 months 	
 Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
35
20
 F.
15
 Total
29
 M.
 M.
20
 F.
6 months and under 7 months 	
 F.
 Total
 M.
9
5 days .
 Total
16
 M.
 F.
in
7 months and under 8 months 	
 F.
 Total
 M.
6
 Total
17
 M.
in
 F.
8 months and under 9 months 	
 F.
 Total
7
 Total
17
 M.
 F.
 M.
3
10 months and under 11 months 	
11 months and under 12 months 	
 F.
 Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
 M.
 F.
14
1 week
2 weeks
and under 2
and under 3
and under 1
weeks 	
 Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
 M.
 F.
 Total
2n
12
8
13
6
7
14
 M.
 F.
8
6
TABLE 14.—DEATHS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OF STILLBIRTHS) CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO RACIAL ORIGIN, BY PLACE OF RESIDENCE, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
RACIAL ORIGIN. No.
British  ; 482
English   268
Irish  91
Scottish   115
Other   8
European   186
Austrian 	
Belgian   2
Bulgarian 	
Czech and Slovak  2
Danish    5
Finnish   5
French   37
German     26
Greek   1
Hungarian   3
Icelandic   2
Italian  6
Lithuanian   1
Netherland  17
Norwegian   24
RACIAL ORIGIN. No.
European—Continued.
Polish      11
Romanian        4
Russian  (races of U.S.S.R.)     10
Swedish      12
Ukrainian*      15
Yugoslavic          2
Other        1
Asiatic       12
Chinese          9
Hindu (East Indian)       1
Japanese        2
Syrian 	
Other  :	
Indian   179
Jewish        3
Negro 	
Other races	
Unspecified       6
All origins   868
• Including all Ruthenian Russians. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
E 65
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H E 66
DEPARTMENT OP HEALTH AND WELFARE.
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DEPARTMENT OP HEALTH AND WELFARE.
TABLE 18.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS, BY PLACE OF OCCURRENCE AND PLACE OF RESIDENCE,
BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1948.
ALL DEATHS.
PROVINCE.
Place of
Occurrence.
Residence elsewhere.
Deaths of Residents
occurring elsewhere.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
11,400
144
60
83
37
11,316
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
Total for British Columbia..
6,834
31
62
6,793
TABLE 19.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS, IN CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BY PLACE
OF OCCURRENCE  AND  PLACE  OF  RESIDENCE,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  1948.
ALL DEATHS.
CITIES.
Place of
Occurrence.
Residence elsewhere.
Deaths of Residents
occurring elsewhere.
Place of
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
In
Canada.
In
United
States.
Residence.
202
135
171
116
576
199
103
85
4,364
95
1,065
97
50
86
33
352
49
38
16
670
33
370
2
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21
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22
13
20
11
41
45
22
12
302
10
81
"1
"1
"1
1
9
4
125
99
105
94
263
195
88
81
3,984
72
773
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
173
100
137
90
483
135
79
57
2,852
72
837
92
44
86
31
335
44
30
13
613
31
351
1
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12
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12
11
15
8
35
35
18
6
199
4
71
"l
5
2
92
68
66
67
Trail	
50
2,431
45
552 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1948.
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