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THE FIRE MARSHALL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA TWENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL REPORT STATISTICS, 1948 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1950

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 THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
TWENTY-SEVENTH
ANNUAL REPORT
STATISTICS, 1948
, VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Don McDurmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1949.  To His Honour C. A. Banks,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia. .
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned has the honour to present the Twenty-seventh Annual Report of
the Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1948.
GORDON S. WISMER,
Attorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., March 31st, 19U9. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Fire Marshal.    5
Table I.—Inspections made and Orders issued     7
Table II.—Fires reported .    8
Table III.—Causes of Fires .  10
Table IV.—Classification of Property burned  11
Table V.—Summary  23
Table VI.—Loss of Life  24 REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL.
Office of the Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1949.
The Honourable Gordon S. Wismer, K.C.,
Attorney-General,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—Pursuant to section 46 of the " Fire Marshal Act," I have the honour to
submit the Twenty-seventh Annual Report of the Fire Marshal for the year ended
December 31st, 1948.
The fire-loss for the year totalled $7,147,720, which is a reduction of $1,212,181
from the peak year of 1947. The total number of fires for the year was 5,744, an
increase of 49 over the previous year. The average number of fires for the last five
years is 5,271, but it is noticed that each year there is a slight increase in the number.
This is accounted for by the ever-increasing number of people and buildings. The
number of deaths during the year was fifty-eight, made up of twenty-nine men, five
women, and twenty-four children. We are sorry to report that this is quite an increase
over the number of lives lost by fire in 1947. There was one fire with a loss of over
$700,000, and seventeen where the loss was over $50,000.
Fifty-one appeals from orders of local Assistant Fire Marshals were heard and
decisions given. The usual system of rigid inspection-work was carried out during the
year. These inspections show an increase, owing to the fact that the men attached to
the travelling instructional unit have added inspection-work to the course of training
which they give throughout the Province. This addition serves two purposes: it
familiarizes the local fire chief with the various fire-hazards in his territory and eliminates the hazard by bringing it to the attention of the owner or occupier of the
premises.   The fire chief makes a recheck to see that the hazard has been removed.
During the year there were eighteen charges of arson, with seventeen convictions;
six of attempted arson, with five convictions; and one stay of proceedings. The series
of disastrous fires at Colony Farm which did so much damage in 1946-47 was solved by
the conviction of one of the employees, who received adequate punishment at the hands
of the Courts. Another conviction was for the setting of a fire in the bunk-house of a
large industrial plant on Vancouver Island in which two men lost their lives and several
were injured. In this case the offender was sentenced to the maximum penalty of
fifteen years in the penitentiary. Two others, accused of setting fire to a school, were
sentenced to seven and five years respectively.
It may be of interest to note that to date we have not had the number of fires for
gain that we had in pre-war years. This, in one way, reflects the high economic
standard which business is maintaining throughout the Province.
There were eighteen charges for infractions under the " Fire Marshal Act," and
eighteen convictions were registered.
Our yearly fire-prevention poster competition among junior and senior high-school
students was again conducted, and great interest was evidenced. Many fine posters
were received. For the last two years we have offered separate prizes for junior and
senior high schools, with an open competition for the grand prize. This has done much
to stimulate the interest of the junior high-school students. C 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
In closing, I wish to express my appreciation to my staff for their splendid co-operation during the year. I also wish to thank all local Assistant Fire Marshals throughout
the Province, the Commissioner and members of the British Columbia Police, city and
municipal officials, as well as the various insurance companies and adjusters for their
valued help.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. WALKER,
Fire Marshal. REPORT OF FIRE  MARSHAL, 1948.
C 7
TABLE I.—INSPECT1
ONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY
FIRE MARSHALS.
City Municipalities (35).
ASSISTANT
Inspections.
Orders.
Inspections.
Orders.
35
2
4
2
4
1
[
4,321              799
Armstrong	
Chilliwack	
6
252
53
North Vancouver	
880              317
316                  1
240       1         24
3
47
85
	
Duncan	
307
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
127                  2
Fernie	
811
124
200                  7
848        1            4
Greenwood	
548
Kaslo	
979
7
798
43,711              133
299                  1
170
20,669       |      477
Totals	
1
794      |          2
588      |          2
1
77,178      |   1,827
|
District Municipalities (27).
291       |
71                     17
f
1.577        1          18
	
	
	
	
2
	
1G
...
193
609
2
Delta    	
1
	
251
Spallumcheen	
Kent
124
Surrey	
Tadanac	
197
83
223
13
.
Totals	
3,640
69
North Vancouver	
21
Village Municipalities (37),
Abbotsford	
20
3
2
10
2
	
1
8
Burns Lake	
60
7
Parksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Qualicum Beach	
38
16
40
Comox	
11
12
5
Creston	
28
63
264
74
22
11
27
6
Terrace	
Tofino    	
58
3
Lake Cowichan	
3
387
9
109
5
Totals -	
1,232
71
• C 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS—Continued.
Fire Districts (18).
Inspections.
Orders.
Inspections.
Orders.
5
24
Sooke	
229
889
1
481
245
3
Totals                                	
1,868
9
Inspections.
Grand totals, 1948  83,918
Grand totals, 1947  74,477
Grand totals, 1946  50,904
Grand totals, 1945  60,638
Grand totals, 1944  58,496
Orders.
1,976
1,596
1,096
1,350
1,598
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED.
City Municipalities (35).
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
14
5
20
10
19
6
21
7
6
5
1
34
2
34
12
15
8
73
19
$13,839
842
924
3,114
15,055
183
6,516
2,212
2,462
306
806
73,805
369
62,789
12,395
2,253
3,015
16,521
1,089
172
104
41
35
10
10
21
27
11
14
6
1
40
2,579
18
377
$120,553
Armstrong	
72,202
13,777
32,460
8,328
53,524
40,012
23,507
14,579
1,439
Rossland ,
818
Trail...     .
7,094
2,010,481
3,326
237,495
Totals	
3,777
$2,858,462
Nelson	 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 9
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED—Continued.
District Municipalities (27).
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
258
19
24
21
39
1
3
9
37
31
17
18
22
71
$135,101
543,109
Oak Bay	
88
3
3
74
128
2
1
7
8
91
33
70
$11,163
475
951
18,690
10,269
1,886
60
906
10,912
42,376
36,336
35,175
38,395
24,576
53,738
31,120
Delta	
20,830
8,087
7,861
20,191
Kent	
804
110,225
41,250
37,195
Totals	
1,078    [$1,241,681
1
Village Municipalities (37).
Abbotsford	
Alert Bay	
Burns Lake	
Campbell River..
Castlegar	
Chapman Camp
Comox	
Cranberry Lake.
Creston	
Dawson Creek....
Fort St. John	
Gibsons	
Hope	
Kinnaird	
Lake Cowichan..
Lillooet	
Lytton	
Mission	
McBride	
New Denver	
$1,099
2,079
498
50
4,527
2
27
3
54
5
1,023
17
130,584
12
59,645
2
8
3
849
2
2,397
20
89,503
11
4
1
5,605
14,537
69
North Kamloops
Oliver	
Osoyoos	
Parksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Qualicum Beach.
Quesnel	
Salmo	
Silverton	
Smithers	
Squamish	
Stewart	
Terrace	
Tofino	
Vanderhoof	
Westview	
Williams Lake....
Totals...
163
2
$48
5
2,793
4
228
5
1,199
1
125
3
138
6
2
7,068
437
8
3
7,431
10,829
6
5,194
4
8,900
2
1,391
9
3,107
5
1,377
$362,819
Fire Districts (18).
Annable-Warfield	
Cariboo, County of	
Col wood	
loco	
Kelowna	
Kootenay, County of....
Langford	
Nanaimo, County of....
Pacific Mills, Limited-
Powell River	
1
$10
97
420,241
8
5,957
2
68
9
35,990
88
130,113
1
40
143
1,300,499
20
18,787
8
2,658
Prince Rupert, County of..
Sooke	
University Area	
Vancouver, County of	
Vernon Regulated Area	
Victoria, County of	
Westminster, County of	
Yale, County of	
Totals	
Grand totals..
36
1
18
71
64
35
124
726
5,744
$175,272
22,406
27,756
210,215
57,972
97,897
178,877
$2,684,758
7,147,720
Construction of buildings— Number.
Fire-resistive         34
Brick, concrete, or heavy timber      326
Wood frame   4,854
Metal, corrugated iron      530
5,744
Amount of
Loss.
$9,81T
1,075,513
5,914,152
148,238
$7,147,720 C 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES.
Causes of Fires.
Number,
Amount of
Loss.
Causes of Fires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Acetylene-torch carelessness	
Alcohol-vapour explosion	
Ashes against wood	
Asphalt boiling over	
Boiler insufficiently protected	
Broken gasoline-line	
Bunsen burner, carelessness with	
Candle carelessness	
Car upset	
Children playing with fire	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe.
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-stoker back-firing	
Collision	
Curtains from lamp	
Curtains from stove	
Defective acetylene equipment	
Defective battery connection	
Defective brooder	
Defective carburettor	
Defective chimney	
Defective film	
Defective fireplace	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe...
Defective heater hose	
Defective muffler...	
Defective oil-burner	
Defective oil-burning equipment	
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances	
Engine back-firing	
Exposure	
Firecrackers	
Friction in machinery	
Friction on brake-drum	
Friction on conveyer-belt	
Friction on gears	
Friction on pulley	
Friction on tires	
Friction sparks	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of	
Furnace   or   furnace-pipe   insufficiently protected	
Gas explosion	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
16
8
57
5
2
11
1
67
4
20
116
4
1
4
2
7
1
2
5
1
276
1
23
9
1
1
28
34
33
26
315
69
118
57
1
1
1
2
5
2
47
16
62
19
$328,605
1,042
30,326
1,315
240
6,314
7,000
9,030
11,708
2,140
38,983
1,359
1,500
2,975
43
261
104
112
1,582
79
134,180
50
8,598
7,284
29
15
31,060
37,979
29,764
559,019
201,772
95,746
252,590
4,064
3,825
999
10
323
84
123
59,717
6,109
68,511
22,493
58,388
5,634
Gasoline-pump damaged by car	
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
Gasoline-vapour explosion	
Gas-plate insufficiently protected	
Grease on stove	
Incendiary	
Kerosene carelessness	
Lamp explosion	
Lamp upset	
Lightning	
Live coals	
Loose  shingles   falling   on   steam-
pipe	
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with	
Molten metal	
Motor-cycle upset	
Oil-burner explosion	
Sawdust-burner back-firing	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from acetylene torch	
Sparks from boiler	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from bush fire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from forge	
Sparks  from  furnace or furnace-
pipe	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Spontaneous ignition	
Stove explosion	
Stove   or   stove-pipe   insufficiently
protected	
Sun's rays	
Tar boiling over	
Thawing pipes	
Unknown	
Varnish boiling over	
Water in lime	
Wood too near furnace	
Wood too near stove	
Totals '.	
1
15
38
2
112
44
10
3
1
20
7
1
74
77
5
1
26
14
347
1,872
15
4
37
3
230
3
361
2
28
6
86
38
10
267
4
5
13
455
1
1
3
$405
24,674
51,038
11,546
31,992
166,757
10,918
4,168
95
11,958
112
46,379
31,516
11,007
1,977
550
28,454
24,385
660,796
448,716
47,488
1,876
13,766
23,319
88,011
1,330
18,484
20
4,256
184,146
20,021
307,889
9,084
200,241
116
5,274
9,558
2,602,443
50
6,216
933
2,672
5,744 | $7,147,720
I REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 11
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
1
         $27,413
Apartments 	
     382
Ashes against wood	
4
$8,239
Candle carelessness 	
4
160
Clothes too near stove	
5
79
Curtains  from stove	
2
116
Defective chimney 	
....       38
7,826
Defective fireplace 	
3
587
2
303
Defective oil-burning equipment	
1
125
Defective stove-pipe 	
1
2,800
Electrical appliances 	
....       21
98.215
Exposure	
6
1,500
Firecrackers 	
3
43
2
2,153
Gas explosion 	
3
241
Gasoline carelessness 	
3
1,503
Grease on stove	
....       12
399
Lamp explosion 	
1
15
8
475
Matches, children with	
4
1,431
Short circuit 	
8
3,506
Smokers' carelessness 	
....    170
29,815
Sparks from bonfire	
1
5
Sparks from chimney	
....      35
12,957
Sparks from fireplace	
6
340
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe	
2
265
3
70
3
5,835
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
....      11
5,263
Sun's rays	
1
6
Thawing pipes 	
1
25
Unknown	
18
28,359
Asphalt plants 	
Asphalt boiling over	
4
1
$1,115
234
Automobile courts
.    .      26
1
$15
1
10
1
78
Electrical appliances 	
1
153
Short circuit 	
1
81
Smokers' carelessness 	
17
1,797
Sparks  from  stove	
1
23
1
39
2
2,482
     500
Acetylene-torch carelessness 	
8
$494
Alcohol-vapour explosion  	
8
1,042
1
10
Broken gasoline-line 	
11
6,314
4
11,708
4
2,975
Defective battery connection	
2
112
1
29
1
15
Defective wiring 	
4
1,038
Electrical appliances 	
3
91
31
16,091
3
425
3
347
5
999
1
23
1
6,675
_
Gasoline carelessness 	
....       12
4,001
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
17
4,309 C 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Bakeries   "
Banks  3
Barber-shops   *
Barges	
Barns     21
Blacksmith-shops
Boarding-houses        11
Boat-building works   1
Boat-houses   2
Bowling-alleys   6
Bunk-houses   14
Gasoline-torch carelessness   2
Gasoline-vapour explosion  9
Incendiary   2
Match carelessness  2
Short circuit  231
Smokers' carelessness   88
Sparks from acetylene torch  1
Sparks from bonfire  1
Sparks from chimney    1
Sparks from mill burner     1
Thawing pipes  1
Unknown   41
Ashes against wood  1
Electrical appliances   2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  1
Gasoline-torch carelessness  1
Smokers'  carelessness    1
Spontaneous ignition   1
Exposure   1
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective wiring   1
Exposure  1
Firecrackers  1
Incendiary   3
Sparks from bonfire  2
Sparks from engine  1
Spontaneous ignition a  4
Unknown    8
Defective chimney   1
Defective  oil-burner  1
Smokers' carelessness   3
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected  1
Unknown.  1
Incendiary   1
Sparks from forge  2
Unknown    2
Defective chimney   1
Defective wiring   1
Smokers' carelessness   6
Sparks from fireplace  1
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  2
Engine back-firing   1
Engine back-firing   1
Sparks from acetylene torch  1
Defective oil-burning equipment   1
Oil-burner explosion  .'  1
Smokers' carelessness   3
Unknown  1
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective chimney   1
Exposure  1
Gasoline carelessness   1
Incendiary   3
Smokers' carelessness  1
3,966
350
94
41,346
7,314
7
765
4
132
10
18,494
2,220
10
4,492
$385
40
1,091
$750
184
100
7,810
1,310
18
14,030
7,606
$300
21
6,655
225
2,819
$2,733
20
9,811
$1,549
953
220
25
10,387
1,000
590
$370
75
19,086
15,507
$615
300
1,000
2,947
44,664
20
$129,219
1,516
936
200
31,808
10,020
12,564
13,134
45
35,038 REPORT OF FIRE  MARSHAL, 1948.
C 13
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES-
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Bus depots 	
Canneries (fish) 	
Canneries   (vegetable)   .
Carpenter-shops 	
Carpet-cleaning works
Chemical laboratories .
Chicken-houses  ....
Churches
Clubs
Cold-storage plants
Construction camps
Cook-houses
Dairies
Dry-cleaning plants
Dwellings
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from chimney	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove insufficiently protected .
Boiler insufficiently protected .
Gas explosion 	
Unknown  	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Children playing with fire	
Defective brooder 	
Defective stove-pipe 	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Gasoline-torch carelessness 	
Short circuit 	
Stove insufficiently protected ...
Unknown  	
Ashes against wood	
Defective stove 	
Electrical appliances 	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected .
Incendiary 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove insufficiently protected	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown 	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown 	
Clothes too near stove	
Electrical appliances 	
Engine back-firing 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove insufficiently protected .
Unknown 	
Defective chimney 	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of
Short circuit 	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Unknown	
Defective fireplace 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion
Match carelessness 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from fireplace	
Unknown 	
.3,434    Ashes against wood.  33
Candle carelessness   59
Children playing with fire  19
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe  97
$4,500
10
4,700
1,975
3,776
         $64,507
  150
$9,900
2,500
  12,400
  90
  21,000
  20,714
  1,751
$25
1,582
10
3,401
58
73
75
1,298
4,761
11,283
2
$1,776
1
25
2
90
1
3,000
2
4,932
2
5,389
1
50
7
$268
1
100
1
$212
1
500
1
51,767
1
$14
1
49,280
1
3,143
1
15
1
10
3
9,924
1
$200
1
3,000
1
$10
2
215
3
8,475
1
$35
8
1,173
1
30
1
406
1
47
1
5
3
4,778
$12,293
8,050
2,115
23,373
15,262
52,479
62,386
3,200
8,700
6,474 C 14                                                       BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED
Continued.
AND CAUSES—
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Curtains from lamp	
4
2
3
202
18
9
12
19
26
13
224
42
22
1
34
10
26
2
9
85
10
9
2
1
11
6
58
53
1
22
13
48
1,211
$1,359
43
43
Defective chimney 	
Defective fireplace 	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe 	
103,793
7,545
7,284
19,403
8,378
Defective stove or stove-pipe 	
26,791
14,179
19,527
20,679
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected...
Gas explosion 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Lamp  explosion   	
Matches, children with 	
2,123
3,109
18,733
798
26,922
211
9,221
16,771
14,763
10,618
4,153
95
2,402
77
2,348
6,438
45
14,641
24,325
8,891
79,351
23
160
349
18
72
9
9
192
3
1
8
164
3
7
2
Sparks from chimney 	
65,085
17,971
1,440
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove explosion 	
10,331
11,524
7,876
115,631
110
1,500
Thawing pipes 	
2,978
322,919
Wood too near furnace 	
Lightning    ,	
933
2,587
             1,100
$3,500
Factories (bed and mattress)....        1
Factories (electric signs)          1
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
936
210
Smokers* carelessness 	
16,111
700
15
Electrical appliances  	
Defective chimney 	
                 671
                   13
$297
11,208
1,110
7,898
Gasoline carelessness 	
5,989
16,124 REPORT OF FIRE  MARSHAL, 1948.
C 15
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
               $52,082
             3,568
Friction sparks          1
Tar boiling over          1
Unknown           2
                     300
             3,199
           84,464
                     5
Short circuit          1
Defective carburettor          1
                  90
$79
8,000
Defective wiring          1
265
13,584
Exposure          1
Gasoline carelessness          3
Gasoline-vapour explosion          2
Kerosene  carelessness          1
Smokers' carelessness          1
400
1,942
4,344
300
550
9,016
Unknown           5
Ashes against wood          1
Defective oil-burning equipment          1
Exposure            2
8,140
$969
250
9,041
4,222
Molten metal         1
Sparks from acetylene torch          1
1,702
5,342
1,226
1,609
Unknown             2
Exposure            1
Friction in machinery          1
Incendiary             1
Unknown           1
Incendiary           1
Acety!ene-torch  carelessness           1
1,200
$3,000
2,000
1,000
16,335
175
Fruit-packing plants          1
                 699
$175
100
Defective chimney           1
108
546
35
3,537
Gasoline-torch carelessness             2
Incendiary          1
Matches, children with          2
3,421
306
732
5,920
Smokers' carelessness          4
2,594
40
7,254
Sparks from stove          1
70
280
3,400
Unknown          18
26,137
Garages  (public)          19
$16,906
49
250
1,079
180
200
654
643
77
438
6,765 C 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
1
12
         1
         1
$50
$71
1,300
405
890
31
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe 	
Gasoline-pump damaged by car 	
Short circuit 	
         1
         1
         1
         1
         2
43
Spontaneous ignition  	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown  	
         2
         1
         2
2,897
60
10,612
2
         2
         1
16,309
257
1
7
3,525
            1
$1,500
50
1,466
50
Defective chimney 	
         1
         2
         1
34
         1
         1
20
1,582
Exposure   	
         1
2
         1
         1
4,668
Halls	
$2,220
926
10,893
20
240
Gasoline carelessness 	
         1
2
12
Incendiary  	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from furnace 	
         2
15
         1
3
         1
           1
4,109
21,739
30
121
58
75
1,020
13,303
Thawing pipes 	
         1
         4
1
         1
54,754
Haystacks 	
$900
4,980
Defective wiring 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
         1
         1
1
         8
5,880
Hospitals   	
$525,000
116
1,931
470
151
         1
10
Candle carelessness 	
2
         6
527,527
Hotels 	
$547
7,835
276
55
458
2,553
270
13,150
5
         1
Defective stove-pipe 	
         1
           6
         2
         1
Grease on stove 	
Match carelessness 	
         1
         1
Short circuit 	
         1
200
3
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from fireplace 	
Spontaneous ignition  	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown   	
Unknown  	
112
3
        2
         1
         1
10
         1
         2
32,719
2,940
80
13,125
200
12,665
87,078
House-boats   	
$19
900
15
           1
919
Launches 	
$66
50
Engine back-firing 	
         1 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES-
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Gasoline carelessness  	
Gasoline-torch carelessness 	
1
1
$24
30
4
10,200
1,500
4,500
Short circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness 	
1
1
9
2
1
3,825
6,200
Unknown  	
Clothes too near stove 	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Friction on gears 	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
4
1
1
1
1
1
4
$26,395
$2,180
49
185
323
378
10,508
Short circuit 	
1
1
13,623
$50
350
400
23
10
Engine back-firing 	
Friction sparks 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Match carelessness 	
Smokers' carelessness  .■.	
4
1
1
2
1
1
$9,188
51,762
1,980
27,960
88,941
14,832
1,511
4,175
1,867
847
1,803
50,678
2
1
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from engine 	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
1
1
1
7
1
255,544
$109
276
1,007
26
100
2
2
Friction in machinery 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
1
1
Sparks from acetylene torch 	
Unknown  	
1
2
200
1,036
6
Friction in machinery 	
Lightning   	
Smokers' carelessness 	
1
3
1
2,754
$643
3,229
258
18
1
600
13
4,730
$1,618
60
Gasoline carelessness 	
1
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe 	
1
1
25
60
550
26
Motor-cycle upset  	
Short circuit 	
1
1
31
Bunsen burner, carelessness with 	
Clothes too near stove 	
1
1
2,329
Offices 	
$7,000
30
Defective chimney 	
Defective oil-burner 	
1
1
3,604
595
3
1,127
6,175
26
Exposure 	
Match carelessness 	
3
1
Short circuit 	
1
6,664
Smokers' carelessness 	
...      10
28,015
Sparks from chimney 	
1
4
3
9,202
114
505
37
Unknown   	
1
63,094 C 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—
CLASSIFICATION OF PROPEKTY BURNED
Continued.
AND CAUSES—
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
      i
Friction in machinery 	
Sparks from acetylene torch 	
8
2
4
3
1
1
4
3
2
1
1
3
2
1
3
82
6
2
1
2
5
1
              $171
Old people's homes ....
Paper-mills 	
      1
         6
i
                   10
$50
16,149
150
275
               850
Poles  	
         2
         1
1
Sparks from stove 	
Matches, children with 	
$760
1,000
                     5
 ;             1,550
2
$5
1
170
Sparks from engine 	
                   82
         2
$465
         2
1,900
$274
        7
8,000
$5,473
1
69
500
615
Electrical appliances 	
Clothes too near stove 	
1,204
             1,739
Restaurants   	
       39
$9
488
140
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Gasoline-vapour explosion 	
Grease on stove 	
Incendiary 	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from stove 	
228
2,385
422
3,429
1,077
362
100
35
17,060
5,789
1,001
35,886
3,612
      120
Curtains from stove 	
$52
247
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure 	
Gas explosion 	
89
687
32
36
Grease on stove 	
Matches, children with	
123
53
6
Short circuit 	
Smokers'   carelessness   	
157
11,349
238
Sparks from fireplace 	
Sparks  from stove 	
53
75
105
Unknown 	
Wood too near stove 	
1,924
85 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Amount of Loss.
Sawmills
Schools    ■       25
Sheds   •-•      "
Shingle-mills   7
Ships     3
Shipyards    1
Sidewalks     1
Smelting plants   29
Acetylene-torch  carelessness    1
Clothes too near stove   1
Electrical appliances   1
Engine back-firing   2
Exposure   1
Friction  in machinery    1
Friction sparks   1
Gasoline carelessness  1
Gasoline-torch carelessness  '.  2
Short circuit     7
Sparks from acetylene torch   1
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from mill burner   4
Unknown    15
Ashes against wood   1
Furnace insufficiently protected   1
Gasoline-torch carelessness   1
Incendiary     7
Short circuit   1
Smokers'  carelessness    1
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from furnace-pipe  1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected   2
Unknown    9
Acetylene-torch carelessness  — 1
Ashes against wood   1
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective stove  2
Electrical appliances   1
Engine back-firing  — 1
Exposure     4
Firecrackers    2
Gasoline-torch carelessness   1
Gasoline-vapour explosion   2
Incendiary   2
Matches, children with  9
Short circuit   1
Smokers' carelessness   6
Sparks from acetylene torch   1
Sparks from bonfire  1
Sparks  from  chimney  3
Sparks from stove  3
Spontaneous ignition   1
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  6
Tar boiling over  1
Thawing pipes   1
Unknown     26
Loose shingles  falling on  steam-pipes  1
Sparks from mill burner   1
Unknown  5
Smokers' carelessness   1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown   1
Unknown    1
Sparks from bonfire   1
Acetylene-torch carelessness   1
Asphalt boiling over   1
Defective chimney    2
Defective oil-burning equipment  1
$309,501
10,021
50
37,686
692
400
550
2,042
12,869
555,506
414
31
154,343
1,062,225
$2,146,330
$10
3,254
10
33,292
500
240
12
60
4,650
51,347
$1,123
208
82
35
185
65
1,386
18
400
2,605
110
659
852
1,237
13
225
665
1,886
25
1,526
5
5.500
15.440
$46,379
29,671
63,619
$550
500
900
$150
200
400
8,500
34,260
1,950
28,783
10 C 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Speeders    -  1
Stables   1
Steel-fabricating plants   2
Stores    177
Stores and apartments
Stores and dwellings
Electrical appliances   5
Friction in machinery  '.  1
Furnace insufficiently protected   1
Lightning     3
Live coals   1
Molten  metal   2
Short  circuit    7
Sparks from chimney   1
Unknown   3
Gasoline-vapour explosion    1
Unknown   1
Defective acetylene equipment   1
Molten   metal    1
Acetylene-torch carelessness   1
Ashes against wood   2
Boiler insufficiently protected   1
Clothes too near stove   4
Defective  chimney    2
Defective oil-burner   2
Defective oil-burning equipment   5
Defective wiring  3
Electrical appliances   19
Exposure     15
Firecrackers    21
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Gasoline carelessness   4
Gasoline-vapour explosion    1
Grease on stove  2
Incendiary     3
Lightning     2
Oil-burner explosion   1
Sawdust-burner back-firing    1
Short circuit   5
Smokers'   carelessness     51
Sparks from bonfire   2
Sparks from  chimney  4
Sparks from stove   1
Spontaneous ignition   3
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   6
Unknown    15
Ashes against wood   4
Curtains from stove   1
Defective  chimney     7
Defective  fireplace   1
Defective  stove    1
Defective wiring    1
Electrical appliances   4
Exposure  4
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Matches, children with   1
Smokers'  carelessness    13
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from furnace   1
Sparks from stove   1
Stove explosion    3
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   5
Unknown    3
Candle carelessness  1
Clothes too near stove   1
Defective chimney   1
$865
10
25
5,100
35
150
1,945
50
2,110
$104
80
$185
40
150
2,326
5,151
108
2,180
10,340
12,758
26,559
667
12,698
15,347
5,854
472
12,418
127
248
60
417
6,591
52
1,936
5
5,630
18,139
229,200
$1,510
50
233
431
48
4,274
2,386
2,489
123
236
9,641
43
119
125
1,678
7,096
127,436
$25
5
65
$19,540
1,093
95
369,658
157,918 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 21
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES-
Continued.
Property.
Amount of Loss.
Stores and offices
Stores and rooms
Street-cars
Theatres   ...
Warehouses
10
Tractors     3
Trailers   4
Trestles   1
Tug-boats     7
Defective oil-burner   1
Exposure   5
Firecrackers     2
Gasoline-torch   carelessness    .^. 1
Incendiary   2
Match carelessness   1
Oil-burner explosion   1
Short circuit   2
Smokers' carelessness    12
Sparks from bush fire   1
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from fireplace   1
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   6
Thawing  pipes  1
Unknown   8
Varnish boiling over   1
Electrical appliances  ,. 1
Exposure   1
Furnace insufficiently protected   1
Short circuit   2
Smokers'  carelessness  3
Sparks from bonfire   1
Unknown   1
Ashes against wood   3
Candle  carelessness    1
Defective chimney   2
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure   1
Firecrackers   1
Short circuit   2
Smokers' carelessness   12
Sparks from chimney   1
Tar boiling over   1
Short circuit   5
Defective chimney   1
Defective film    1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure   1
Matches, children with   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Spontaneous ignition   1
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Engine back-firing   1
Short circuit   1
Unknown   1
Friction on tires  1
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   2
Unknown   1
Unknown   1
Electrical appliances   1
Engine back-firing   1
Gasoline-vapour explosion  1
Incendiary   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Unknown   2
Ashes against wood   1
Defective chimney   1
$210
53,194
86
18
25,839
38
13,484
4,043
11,687
19,140
5
34
2,978
25
37,076
50
$6,006
1,099
200
30
1,308
38
36,526
$4,421
248
1,135
445
18,000
645
304
3,462
705
495
$960
50
180
25,852
26
10
50
676
2,000
1,111
$100
97
250
$125
3,866
317
150
100
480
$606
49
$168,002
45,207
29,860
22,256
27,804
3,197
447
25
5,038 C 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—
Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
$72
564
Exposure          5
Friction in machinery          1
Friction on pulley          1
47,308
25
10
84
430
Furnace or  furnace-pipe  insufficiently  protected        2
Gasoline carelessness          1
Gasoline-torch carelessness          1
Gas-plate insufficiently protected         1
Incendiary           2
Matches, children with         1
24,498
241
7,218
11,510
13,220
420
829
Smokers' carelessness          6
Sparks from acetylene torch ..u j.         1
46,557
301
181
700
Spontaneous ignition          2
207,883
169
Water in lime         1
28,413
6,216
$50
104
$88
7,023
 : 5,744
Totals 5,744 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1948.
C 23
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F C 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE VI.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1944-48.
Occupancy.
Cause of Fire.
Loss op Life.
Men.        Women.      Children
Apartment	
Automobile	
Bunk-house	
Construction camp	
Cook-house	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling*	
Factory (furniture)....
Fishing-boat	
Fishing-boat	
Hospital	
Hotel	
House-boat	
Rooming-house	
Shingle-mill	
Smelting plant	
Store and apartment..
Store and apartment..
Store and rooms	
Trailer	
Totals, 1948 '. ;	
Totals, 1947 ,	
Totals, 1946 1	
Totals, 1945 .	
Totals, 1944 (men and women)
Ashes against wood	
Car upset	
Incendiary	
Unknown	
Fuel-oil, carelessness in use of..
Defective stove	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline carelessness	
Kerosene carelessnes	
Kerosene carelessness....::...........
Matches, children with	
Matches, children with	
Matches, children with	
Matches, children with	
Sawdust-burner back-firing	
Smokers' carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from stove	
Stove insufficiently protected....
Stove insufficiently protected....
Stove insufficiently protected....
Stove insufficiently protected....
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Gasoline carelessness	
Kerosene carelessnes	
Unknown	
Smokers' carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown '.	
Electrical appliances	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown	
29
21
21
25
5
2
7
12
14
24
16
21
5
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1949.
745-549-9723

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