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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION Eighth Annual Report Pursuant to Section 36… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1949

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
PUBLIC UTILITIES
COMMISSION
Eighth Annual Report
Pursuant to Section 36 of the
" Motor Carrier Act"
Licence-year 1947-48
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Don MoDiakmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1948.  Victoria, B.C., June 30th, 1948.
To His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council
of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
Sir,—We have the honour to transmit herewith, in accordance with section 36 of
the " Motor Carrier Act," the Eighth Annual Report of the Public Utilities Commission
under that Act for the year ended February 29th, 1948.
PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
W. A. Carrothers, Chairman.
L. W. Patmore, Commissioner.
J. C. MacDonald, Commissioner.  Annual Report of the Public Utilities Commission, pursuant
to Section 36 of the "Motor Carrier Act," for the
Licence-year ended February 29th, 1948.
GENERAL.
The licence-year under review showed a continuation of expansion and improvement of all forms of road transportation facilities throughout the Province. This is an
indication particularly of the industrial development in the Province during the year.
In Appendix A of this report will be found a statement giving the number of licences
issued, transferred, etc., during the licence-year under review, pursuant to the " Motor
Carrier Act," and the total revenue therefrom. The total revenue for the year was
$333,104.04, as compared with a total for the previous year of $272,213.66 — a net
increase of $60,890.38 or 22 per cent. There having been no increase or change in the
basis of fees, this increase of revenue is therefore a direct reflection of the general
increase in licensing and, consequently, of motor transport activity in British Columbia.
INCREASE IN LICENCES ISSUED.
Appendix A shows a total of 20,904 licences of all classes issued, of which 14,219
were renewals and 6,685 new licences, being an increase of 14 per cent, over the figure
for the previous year, which comprised 12,457 renewals and 5,842 new licences, or a
total of 18,299. It will be noted that the percentage increase in revenue was double the
percentage increase in the number of licences issued. This is due, in part, to licensing
of new equipment having a greater carrying capacity and also, in part, to the fact that
many licensed carriers made application for renewal of their licences at an earlier date.
From the above and from the other comparative figures contained in this report it
is apparent that there has been no cessation in the upward swing of industrial activity
throughout the Province.
COMPARATIVE STATISTICS RE LICENCES ISSUED AND
REVENUE, ETC.
In the following pages comparative statistics are given regarding the number of
licences issued, and revenue therefrom, according to the various classes.
The following is a statement of the percentage increase in number of licences
issued of the various classes and revenue therefrom for the year 1947-48 over the
previous year. It will be noted that the chief increases are with respect to public
passenger-vehicle and limited freight-vehicle licences.
Percentage Increase for the Year 1947-48 over the Year 1946-47.
Number of
Licences issued Total
Kind of Licence. or renewed. Revenue.
Per Cent. Per Cent.
Passenger (buses)   23 28
Passenger (taxis)   19 26
Public freight      9 15
Limited freight   32 40
Private freight (ordinary)   16 21
Private freight (farmers)     7 No fees. I 6
MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
The following is an analysis of the various classes of licences issued during the
last six years, comprising new licences and licences renewed, but not including replacements and transfers:—
Kind of Licence.
Number
3F Licences (New and Renewed).
1942-43.
1943-44.
1944-45.
1945-46.
1946-47.
1947-48.
351
521
1,580
799
5,998
4,469
334
463
1,538
793
6,210
4,549
355
513
1,613
770
6,563
4,857
430
679
1,782
805
7,164
5,006
516
1,053
2,260
998
8,318
5,154
637
1,253
2,475
1,324
9,705
5,510
Totals	
13,718
13,887
14,671
15,866
18,299
20,904
Revenue.
The following is a comparative statement of revenue for the past six years, showing
the various sources of revenue:—
Kind of Licence.
1942-43.
1943-44.
1944-45.
1945-46.
1946-47.
1947-48.
Passenger (buses)	
Passenger (taxis)	
Public and limited freight.
Private freight	
Permits	
Miscellaneous	
Totals	
$18,999.30
5,402.38
104,139.81
39,939.39
6,360.88
25.30
$17,986.14
4,926.49
103,888.20
41,438.20
5,249.95
41.55
$18,977.90
5,527.77
109,171.53
44,545.29
5,413.49
55.28
$23,045.10
7,108.47
121,050.25
49,370.45
6,881.24
55.40
$32,548.70
12,121.04
157,613.75
57,480.45
12,420.92
28.80
$41,512.35
15,313.00
191,344.48
69,487.24
15,412.97
34.00
$174,867.06 | $173,530.53
$183,691.26
$207,510.91
$272,213.66
$333,104.04
NUMBER OF LICENCES IN EFFECT.
The figures in Appendix A show total number of licences issued during the year.
The following tabulation shows approximately the number of licences actually in effect
at the beginning of each month, taking into account licences surrendered or expired,
etc.:—
Approximate Number of Licences in Effect.*
Month.
March 	
April 	
May 	
June 	
July 	
August	
September
October .	
November _
Licence-year
1946-47.
.__ 9,022
.__ 12,622
...■13,598
.__ 14,050
.__ 14,655
_ 15,078
.__ 15,488
_ 15,822
16,137
December   16,352
January   16,534
February   16,513
End of licence-year  16,496
Licence-year
1947-48.
10,475
14,254
15,535
16,505
17,066
17,521
17,813
18,243
18,412
18,666
18,762
18,704
18,553
* Namely, the number of licences issued, less number of licences surrendered or expired. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 7
APPLICATIONS FOR LICENCES.
The following tabulation shows the number of applications for new or additional
licences actually recorded, year by year, since the inception of the " Motor Carrier
Act " '.  Number of Number of
Applications Applications
Licence-year. recorded. Licence-year. recorded.
1940-41  3,686 1944-45  3,277
1941-42  3,910 1945-46  4,075
1942-43  3,484 1946-47  5,921
1943-44  3,148 1947-48  6,812
NUMBER OF LICENCES ISSUED ANNUALLY.
The following is the total number of licences issued under Part V of the " Highway
Act " and under the " Motor Carrier Act " respectively for the years stated:—
Part V,
Licence-year.
Licences issued.*
ighway Act "	
  1935-36
1,672
1936-37
7,832
1937-38
11,148
1938-39
11,970
1939-40
12,427
rier Act"	
          1940^41
13,025
1941-42
14,635
1942-43
14,425
1943-44
14,485
1944-45
15,582
1945-46
16,989
1946-47
20,196
1947-48
23,495
* Including licences transferred and renewed, and including replacements and substitute plates.
TEMPORARY PERMITS.
Summary of Temporary Permits issued during the Year 1947-48.
Class I permits (for temporary operation as private freight-
vehicle only)   1,497
Class II permits (for temporary operation as public or limited
vehicle for periods not exceeding ninety days)   4,022
Class III permits (for operation of licensed public or limited
vehicle temporarily in a manner other than is authorized
by the licence)   1,476
Class IV permits (for substitute vehicle when licensed vehicle
is disabled)      410
Class VI permits (for operation of school buses in connection
with authorized school functions — issued by Provincial
Police)       162
CO-ORDINATION OF RAILWAY-TRUCK TRANSPORTATION.
This is a subject which has caused a considerable amount of controversy in the
trucking industry. At one time, prior to the war, it was the policy of railway companies
to oppose applications for new motor carrier services, particularly for freight services,
in cases where the railway companies considered that their interests would be adversely
affected by the granting of the licences applied for.    In other cases the railway com- "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
panies put into effect what they termed " truck-compelled rates," designed to compete
with the rates being offered by the truckmen.
This policy, however, appears to have undergone some change. Latterly the railway companies, either by purchasing majority interests in certain lines, or by entering
into contracts with existing motor carriers, or by applying for licences to operate their
own trucks, have acknowledged that motor-freight transportation is an essential part
of modern existence, and is in public demand because of its greater convenience, speed,
and flexibility, particularly with respect to shorter hauls and L.C.L. shipments.
As reported last year, the Commission granted its consent on January 15th, 1947,
to the transfer of shares of Island Freight Service, Limited, to the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company. During the licence-year now under review the consent of the Commission was given on August 26th, 1947, to the transfer of shares of O.K. Valley
Freight Lines, Limited, to the Canadian Pacific Transport Company, Limited, a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company.
In the previous annual report, details were given of the application of Canadian
Pacific Express Company for licences to transport freight for the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company and express for the Canadian Pacific Express Company, restricted
to such freight and express which had received or was to receive a part rail-haul, from
Lytton to Merritt, from Penticton to Osoyoos and to West Summerland, from Cranbrook to Kimberley, and from Fernie to Michel, respectively. The Penticton-Osoyoos
and Penticton-West Summerland operation is now carried out by the O.K. Valley
Freight Lines, Limited.
During the year, as reported in more detail elsewhere, the O.K. Valley Freight
Lines service from Penticton to Vernon was extended to Salmon Arm. This company,
owned by a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, is therefore now in
a position to give truck service to all points in the Okanagan Valley in co-ordination
with C.P.R. main line railway service at Salmon Arm and C.P.R. Kettle Valley line
service at Penticton.
During the year under review the Canadian National Railway Company entered
into an agreement with Johnson Transfer at Vanderhoof, which firm operates a
scheduled public freight-vehicle service, to pick up and deliver railroad freight for the
Canadian National Railway from and to points between Prince George and Smithers,
the service being undertaken on alternate days when freight trains do not operate.
As reported in more detail elsewhere in this report, the Canadian National Transportation, Limited, a subsidiary of the Canadian National Railways, made an application for public freight-vehicle licences to operate regular scheduled public freight-
vehicle service between Prince Rupert and Burns Lake, over the new Skeena Highway.
A decision on this application is at present in abeyance.
Toward the end of the licence-year an application was received from White Transport Company, Limited, for twelve limited freight-vehicle licences for transportation
of freight for Canadian National Railway Company and Canadian Northern Railway
Company, from Kamloops to Vernon, and points in the Okanagan Valley south of
Vernon, as far as Penticton and vice versa, with the object of giving co-ordinated truck
and rail service chiefly from Vancouver to Okanagan Valley points. This application,
which was opposed by licensed carriers, was not dealt with during the licence-year
under review and will be reported in the next annual report, but it is a further example
of the extent to which the railway companies have recognized the inherent advantages
of truck service. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 9
NEW SCHEDULED PUBLIC PASSENGER SERVICES.
The following new public passenger services were authorized and commenced
operation during the year:—
Chilliwack City Bus Service: Three routes.
Vancouver-Seymour Mountain:  For skiers and hikers—additional service.
Maple Ridge Municipal Bus Service.
Smithers-Hazelton: Extension of existing Prince George-Smithers service.
McBride-Valemont.
McBride-Mount Robson.
Kelowna-South Kelowna.
Kelowna-Winfield-Okanagan Centre.
Creston and Vicinity: Local service.
Penticton Municipal Bus Service: Operating under permit—service authorized
during the previous year but not commenced until January 21st, 1948.
NEW SCHEDULED PUBLIC FREIGHT SERVICES.
The following new scheduled public freight services were authorized and commenced operation during the year:—
Vancouver-Lillooet.
Vancouver-Williams Lake.
Quesnel-Kelowna.
Decker   Lake-Smithers    (extension   of   existing   Prince   George-Smithers
service).
Vernon-Mabel Lake via Lumby.
BUS SERVICE—GREATER VICTORIA.
On October 6th, 1947, the Commission approved a bus franchise granted by the
Municipality of Saanich to Vancouver Island Transportation Company, Limited. The
franchise agreement contains two sections, one of which deals with service in that part
of the municipality which forms part of the Greater Victoria area, and the other with the
more rural parts of the municipality. The former section is linked with the franchises
granted during the year to British Columbia Electric Railway Company, Limited, by
the City of Victoria and the Municipalities of Esquimalt and Oak Bay. By virtue of
these franchise agreements and of an agreement between the two companies, provision
was made for an integrated modern bus system with full transfer privileges throughout
the Greater Victoria area.
AIR-LINE LIMOUSINE SERVICE.
With the inauguration of new intra-provincial air-line services in British Columbia,
various applications were received for licences or alteration of licences for the purpose
of providing what is termed " air-line limousine service " for transportation of air-line
passengers, express and mail to and from airports at various points. These services
now exist as follows:—
Vancouver-Sea Island Airport (bus and car).
Victoria-Patricia Bay Airport (bus and car).
Nanaimo-Cassidy Airport.
Duncan and Ladysmith-Cassidy Airport.
Campbell River-Comox Airport.
Penticton-Penticton Airport.
Trail and Castlegar-Brilliant Airport.
Cranbrook-Cranbrook Airport. I 10 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Kimberley-Cranbrook Airport.
Prince George-Prince George Airport.
Prince Rupert-Prince Rupert Airport.
Fort St. John-Fort St. John Airport.
With the exception of Victoria and Vancouver services, the above services are
operated with sedan cars, mostly of the seven-passenger type.    Operators are allowed
to charge individual fares.
TAXI LICENCES.
There was a further increase in the number of taxi (limited passenger) licences
issued. In previous reports mention has been made of the extraordinary increase in
this class of operation since the conclusion of the recent war. In the licence-year
1944-45 only 513 such licences were issued, as compared with 1,253 in the year under
review. There were 291 taxi licences transferred during the year, and many applications for such licences were refused. A review of the various hearings advertised
during the year shows that an exceptionally large proportion of such hearings dealt
with applications for limited passenger-vehicle (taxi) licences.
The " post-war boom " has carried with it an extraordinary demand for taxi service
in many districts. There are indications that this demand is falling off, and it would
not be surprising if, within the next two years, there should be a reduction in the.
number of taxi licences rather than an increase.
As required by the amendments to the regulations made during the previous year,
all vehicles licensed as limited passenger-vehicles (taxis) were required to obtain
insurance, including passenger hazard, and to file proof of financial responsibility with
the Superintendent of Motor-vehicles. In some cases it was found that applicants had
some difficulty in obtaining the necessary insurance coverage, and the work of the
Motor Carrier Branch at Vancouver and of the Motor-vehicle Branch at Victoria has
been considerably increased by the enforcement of this regulation.
LIMITED FREIGHT-VEHICLE LICENCES.
An increase of 32 per cent, occurred in the number of limited freight-vehicle
licences issued. This is largely a reflection of the great increase in the lumbering
industry in many sections of the Province, particularly in the Prince George area and
in the East Kootenays, which has resulted in establishment of many small mills or
portable mills, with a corresponding demand for services of trucks for the transportation of the logs and sawmill products. This type of service requires full-time services
of trucks and cannot usually be rendered efficiently or conveniently by the existing
public freight operators, some of whom are fully engaged.
LICENCES TRANSFERRED.
There were 751 transfers of licences approved during the year. In most cases the
applications resulted from the sale of the entire business, including all licensed vehicles.
In a few cases the licensee has endeavoured to sell and transfer the licence of only one
vehicle, retaining one or more vehicles and licences, but, in general, it has not been the
policy to approve applications of this nature.
PERMITS.
The revenue from temporary permits was over $15,000 as compared with $12,400
last year. The main source of this revenue was from 4,022 Class II permits for operation of vehicles as public or limited vehicles for periods not exceeding ninety days.
This figure includes a large number of permits covering temporary dump-truck operations in connection with highway-construction projects and other temporary operations. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 11
NEW MOTOR-VEHICLE EQUIPMENT.
The records disclose that nearly 1,700 replacement licences were issued, as compared with 1,193 during the previous year, an increase of 42 per cent. These are
licences on new or different vehicles, replacing a similarly licensed vehicle in each case.
The number of replacements affected 8 per cent, of the total number of licences in effect
during the year and included 42 buses, 671 taxis, 143 limited freight-vehicles, and 454
public freight-vehicles. The figures indicate, firstly, the desire of the operators to
replace their older and part-worn equipment with modern equipment, in order to obtain
greater efficiency and thus to give better service, and secondly, increased availability of
such equipment. While the supply of new vehicles is still lagging behind the demand,
the situation is very greatly improved. The cost of new equipment is considerably
higher than in pre-war days, but this does not appear to have deterred the average
operator from purchasing needed replacement vehicles when they are available.
INDUSTRIAL EXPANSION.
A review of the individual reports of Inspectors of Motor Carriers, which are contained in Appendix B hereto, discloses a continually increasing expansion in the primary
industries of this Province, especially in the lumbering industry, as well as a growth in
secondary industries, particularly in the Vancouver area. Industrial development and
expansion on Vancouver Island is exceptionally noticeable. In practically all districts
the continued demand for forest products of all kinds has resulted in establishment of
many small mills, and the industry has been working at high pressure for home and
foreign consumption. In the Okanagan there was an excellent fruit-crop, reflecting
expansion in this industry. A very large programme of highway construction and
reconstruction by the Public Works Department resulted in a great demand for dump-
trucks, which were usually licensed as limited freight-vehicles or which operated under
temporary permits. In the West Kootenays there has been an expansion in the mining
industry, some old workings having been reopened and new discoveries made. In the
Peace River District the transportation of gasoline and oils is a major industry; in
addition, there has been a considerable amount of mining and oil equipment and of war
assets goods to be moved in this area.
The transportation industry of British Columbia has kept pace with the general
industrial expansion throughout the Province and, unless a severe post-war depression
should set in, this increase may be expected to continue.
RATES, TARIFFS, AND TIME SCHEDULES.
Effective in September, 1947, the last remaining wartime Federal controls governing motor-vehicle transportation rates were discontinued. Thus, after nearly six years,
during which time the hands of the Commission were to some extent tied in so far as
dealing with motor carrier rates was concerned, it again became possible to deal with
applications for changes or increases in rates on the basis laid down in the " Motor
Carrier Act."
The " Motor Carrier Act" came into effect on March 1st, 1940, and due provision
was made in the Act and regulations for the filing and control of rates for motor-vehicle
transportation. It was not until toward the end of 1940 that a Rate Examiner was
appointed and a Rates Division of the Motor Carrier Branch organized. At that time
the situation with regard to the filing of tariffs was most unsatisfactory and a great
deal of work confronted the Commission in this respect. A considerable amount of
work was accomplished during 1941, but on November 1st of that year the maximum
price regulations of the Wartime Prices and Trade Board came into effect. These
prohibited any person from supplying any service at fares or rates higher than the price I 12 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT.
at which such person supplied these services during the " basic period " from September
15th, 1941, to October 11th, 1941, inclusive, and the term " services " included the transportation of goods and persons. As a result, all plans and projects for revisions of
tariffs or filing of uniform tariffs in certain districts had to be shelved, as all such
revisions necessarily contained at least some minor increases. Therefore, much of the
proposed work of the Rates Division had to be postponed. The rates ceiling on passenger tariffs was removed during 1945-46 and the restrictions regarding freight tariffs
were modified in August, 1946, but it was not until September, 1947, that the restrictions were entirely removed.
APPLICATIONS FOR RATE INCREASES.
As a result of the removal of the wartime restrictions, a large number of applications were received by the Motor Carrier Branch for adjustments of and increases in
rates for transportation of passengers and of freight. The Commission required that
the carriers should justify their applications. The applicants were required to give
public notice of their applications, and to show financial necessity for any increase in
rates by filing complete data of costs and revenue.
In most cases the applicants were able to prove the need for higher rates. In the
majority of cases these carriers were still operating in 1946 or 1947 at the same rates
which they were charging prior to the war, and very few protests or objections were
received from the shippers or the public. It was apparently generally recognized that
some increase in the cost of transportation must be expected in line with the general
over-all increase in the cost of living. In some cases the proposed increases were not
so high as might have been expected, this being principally due to the greater volume
of business which carriers generally are now enjoying.
The following factors have been cited by the carriers in support of their applications for increase in rates for transportation:—
Increase in purchase cost of equipment.
Increase in union wages for drivers.
Reduced " work-week " for union workers, thus incurring increased overtime
pay.
Increase in cost of parts and other materials required.
Increase of 4% to 5 cents per gallon in cost of gasoline.
Cost of assuming company's share of employees' contributary welfare plan for
medical and hospital services, etc.
Prior to the end of the licence-year, three important applications for rate increases
and adjustments were received, as follows:—
Application of B.C. Motor Transportation, Limited, for general increase in
fares in Greater Vancouver and Lower Mainland fares, other than to and
from West Vancouver.    (An application for the latter was dealt with in
April, 1948.)
Application of Vancouver Island Coach Lines, Limited, for general increase
in  passenger  rates  for  scheduled  public  passenger-vehicle  service  on
Vancouver Island.
Application  of  Island   Freight  Service,   Limited,  for  general   increase   in
freight rates for scheduled public freight-vehicle service on Vancouver
Island.
The hearings of the Commission on these applications were not held until after the
end of the year now under review, but were held prior to the date of this report, and
resulted in the applications being granted.
All of the last-mentioned applications were accompanied, as required by the Commission, by detailed financial statements showing the amount of increased revenue REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
I 13
required to maintain a reasonable net profit and indicating that the proposed new rates
would cover the operation requirements, in so far as it was possible to forecast them.
As to those carriers who have not yet made application, and whose records are not as
complete as those of the larger companies, it seems reasonable to expect that some will
find, on examination of their financial position, that they will not be able to continue to
carry on under their present tariffs in the face of increasing costs, and that they will
eventually prepare and file applications for approval of increased rates. This is particularly likely in the cases of carriers who operate in competition with the railways
and who have carried on, in some cases, at unremunerative rates in the hope that
railway rates would be increased and that they could then apply for increased rates
applicable to their own operation.
UNIFORM TARIFFS.
During the year a welcome advance was made in the adoption of uniform tariffs
filed by or on behalf of various groups of carriers. In some cases these filings were
made by independent groups direct to the Commission; and in other cases filings were
made by the Rate Bureau of the Automotive Transport Association of British Columbia,
which Bureau was established during the year 1945 and which is proving most effective.
The uniform filings referred to are as follows:—
Name of Tariff.
Number of
Members
represented.
Type of Service.
Area covered.
10
10
9
9
25
4
11
7
8
5
11
6
8
Local Freight Tariff No. 2	
Local Freight Tariff No. 1	
Non-scheduled freight	
Non-scheduled freight	
Local Freight Tariff No. 4	
Local Freight Tariff No. 1	
Local Freight Tariff No. 1	
Local Freight Tariff No. 1	
Local Freight Tariff No. 1	
Local Freight Tariff	
Scheduled freight	
Scheduled freight	
Scheduled freight	
Vancouver-New Westminster.
Vancouver-Abbotsford.
Vancouver-Agassiz.
Prince George.
Kamloops.
Standard Charter Passenger Tariff No. 1
Limited passenger (taxi)	
Limited passenger (taxi)	
Limited passenger (taxi)
Limited passenger (taxi)	
As previously indicated, some of these uniform filings would probably have been
made several years ago had it not been for the difficulty encountered by reason of the
Federal Government's wartime control.
PRESCRIBED TARIFFS.
The " Motor Carrier Act" gives the Commission the power to prescribe the rates
to be charged by motor carriers, but only three such tariffs have been prescribed as
stated below. All of these tariffs were revised during the year and in all cases some
increases in rates were approved by the Commission.   These tariffs are as follows:—
(1) Competitive, Local and Joint Freight Tariff No. Ia (Okanagan Freight
Tariff).
(2) Competitive, Local and Joint Freight Tariff No. 3   (Cariboo Freight
Tariff).
(3) Charter and Sightseeing Passenger Tariff No. 3 (Victoria and vicinity).
Of the above-mentioned tariffs, the revisions to the Joint  (Okanagan)   Freight
Tariff No. Ia were of considerable importance, as this tariff governs practically the
entire movement of the vast fruit-crop in the Okanagan from orchards to packinghouses, reshipment of fruit from one point to another within the valley, and the trans- I 14 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT.,!
portation of orchard supplies. The carriers in the Kelowna and Vernon areas delayed
making their application until some time during the month of July, at a time when the
crop was rapidly ripening. Some opposition was at first received from the B.C. Fruitgrowers' Association, but these difficulties were disposed of between the carriers and
the Association. The new crop was moved at the new rates, which, in the opinion of
the Commission, were entirely justified, as there had been no increase in these rates in
the Kelowna area for many years.
Applications for amendment of the Victoria Charter and Sightseeing Passenger
Tariff were heard by the Commission on November 3rd, 1947, in Victoria. As a result
of this hearing the sightseeing routes in Victoria and vicinity were revised and new
increased fares were authorized.
The changes in Competitive, Local and Joint Freight Tariff No. 3 (Cariboo Freight
Tariff) dealt only with the publication of C.O.D. collection charges and definition of
free pick-up and delivery zones in the City of Vancouver. Such changes being of
relatively minor concern, no public hearing was held.
TIME SCHEDULES.
The regulations under the " Motor Carrier Act" require that every carrier licensed
to give scheduled public freight or public passenger service shall file his time schedules
and adhere to them and that he shall give due notice of any proposed changes, except
in an emergency. All of the larger companies, including the Vancouver Island Transportation Company, Limited, the B.C. Motor Transportation, Limited, and the Western
Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited, regularly change their time schedules in summer
and winter, respectively, which results in a very large volume of filings, all of which
must be advertised and carefully checked. In the case of a company such as the
Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited, operating from Winnipeg to Vancouver,
a change in time schedule amounting possibly only to one or two hours at one point
may affect the entire operation, bearing in mind the connections necessary at various
points. Consequently, it is sometimes extremely difficult for a large company to make
minor changes in schedule to meet the desires of persons travelling locally for short
distances to or from the nearest shopping centres.
ANNUAL REPORTS OF MOTOR CARRIERS.
As stated in the last report of this Commission, a joint arrangement has been
entered into between the Commission and the Dominion Bureau of Statistics for the
purpose of obtaining, jointly, annual reports from motor carriers engaging in transportation for compensation.
In all, a total of 1,078 reports were filed for the licence-year 1946-47, which is
considered fairly satisfactory, having regard to the fact that this was the first year
during which such reports were required. In a great number of cases the information
submitted was meagre, and in some cases none of the required information was
submitted, but some useful information was obtained from the reports, as follows:—
(a) In some instances the need for rate increases was indicated.
(b) In others, the need for reclassification or alteration of licences was disclosed.
(c) Some evidence was apparent as to the necessity for granting of additional
licences to some operators.
(d) Cases where persons holding public freight licences were giving practically no service were noted and dealt with.
It is understood that the record of returns during this first year for British
Columbia is in line with the experience of authorities in other parts of Canada, where
returns have been required for several years.   Approximately 50 per cent, of the REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 15
carriers filed acceptable returns; 15 per cent, are still corresponding with this office
regarding minor revisions; 10 per cent., comprising mostly carriers who held licences
in 1946 but who did not renew their licences in 1947, have not made any filing what-
sover. Of the remaining 25 per cent., some were delinquent because they claimed they
did not receive the forms from the Bureau of Statistics, and the remainder were unable
to make a filing as they had insufficient records from which to obtain the necessary
information.
An improvement in this situation is expected in the following licence-year, now
that these carriers understand that they are required to make these returns.
STATEMENT OF TARIFFS AND TIME SCHEDULES FILED   '
DURING THE YEAR 1947-48.
Passenger time schedules  471
Freight time schedules      55
Passenger and express time schedules      2
      528
Passenger and express tariffs        5
Local express tariffs      22
Public passenger tariffs      55
Charter passenger tariffs   308
Class I public freight tariffs     10
Class II public freight tariffs     34
Class III public freight tariffs  467
Special commodity tariffs        9
Limited freight tariffs     11
■            921
Contracts       739
Supplements to freight tariffs     67
Supplements to passenger tariffs     80
Supplements to express tariffs       3
Revisions to tariffs _•_  405
      555
Total filings   2,743
Prescribed tariffs revised   3
Motor carrier reports filed   1,078
ORDERS AND APPROVALS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES
COMMISSION.
March 22nd, 1947: As Canadian Coachways, Limited (operating public passenger
service between Dawson Creek, B.C., and Grand Prairie, Alberta), had not furnished
proof of financial responsibility in the manner provided for by the regulations, it was
ordered that such proof be furnished on or before the 31st day of March, 1947, in
default of which all public and public and limited passenger-vehicle licences of the said
company were suspended as from the 1st day of April, 1947. The necessary proof was
not filed until July, 1947, at which time the licences were reinstated.
March 28th, 1947: The bus franchise granted by the City of Chilliwack to Gallagher Transportation, Limited, was approved under the " Motor Carrier Act."
May 2nd, 1947: A revision of the bus franchise granted by the District of Maple
Ridge to Maple Ridge Bus Service, Limited, was approved.   The company had originally I 16
" MOTOR CARRIER ACT.'
Name and Address of Applicant.
Northern Cartage, Ltd., Prince
Rupert
Lindsay's   Cartage   &   Storage,
Ltd., Prince Rupeit
agreed to maintain insurance in amounts greatly in excess of those required by the
regulations under the " Motor Carrier Act." This provision was found to be unduly
onerous and the parties to the franchise agreement agreed to its rescission.
August 26th, 1947: The transfer of the shares of O.K. Valley Freight Lines,
Limited, to Canadian Pacific Transport Company, Limited, was consented to.
October 6th, 1947: The bus franchise granted by the District of Saanich to Vancouver Island Transportation Company, Limited, was approved under the " Motor
Carrier Act."
HEARINGS BY PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
On Wednesday, June 4th, 1947, the Public Utilities Commission held hearings at
Prince Rupert on the following:—
(a) Tentative application of Canadian National Transportation, Limited, for four
Class II public freight-vehicle licences for scheduled public freight service
between Prince Rupert and Burns Lake.
(b) Applications as follows:—
Brief Details of Application.
Class I public freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, two round trips per week,
transporting general freight between Prince
Rupert and Terrace.
Class I public freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Prince
Rupert and Terrace.
Harold Smith, Terrace Class  I  public  freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Prince
Rupert and Terrace.
Marshall Bros., Hazelton Class   I   public   freight-vehicle  licence  to   include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Hazelton
and Prince Rupert; no local service between
Terrace and Prince Rupert.
Two Class I public freight-vehicle licences to
include scheduled service, three round trips
per week, transporting general freight between
Smithers and Prince Rupert; no local service
between New Hazelton and Prince Rupert,
except for pick-up and delivery of petroleum
products and empty containers for all points
en route between points east from Terrace and
Smithers for the Standard Oil Company of
Canada, Limited.
Class I public freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Prince
Rupert and Telkwa; no local service between
Prince Rupert and New Hazelton.
Class I public freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Telkwa
and Prince Rupert; no local service between
New Hazelton and Prince Rupert.
Capling Transfer  (James Cap-
ling), Smithers
Percy R. Cameron, d/b/a Hyde
Transfer, Prince Rupert
Wm. T. Clement and Robert F.
Bates, d/b/a Telkwa Transport, Telkwa REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
I 17
Name and Address of Applicant.
E. R. Carlson and E. G. Carlson,
d/b/a Carlson Bros. Transfer, Burns Lake
Brief Details of Application.
Class I public freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled service, one round trip per week,
transporting general freight between Burns
Lake and Prince Rupert; no local service
between Telkwa and Prince Rupert.
J. C. Saunders, Burns Lake Class  I  public  freight-vehicle licence to include
scheduled  service,  one  round trip  per  week,
transporting  general  freight  between   Burns
Lake   and   Prince   Rupert;    no   local   service
between Telkwa and Prince Rupert.
Note.—With the exception of the application of Northern  Cartage, Limited
(whose first application was received in July, 1945, and who reapplied in June,
1946), all of the above applications were the subject of a hearing on October 17th,
1946, and therefore the above  applications were for reconsideration of previous
applications.
On investigation it transpired that the status of what is termed the " Skeena
Highway," west of Terrace, had not yet been officially determined, due to the fact that
in part, this highway, which was constructed by the Dominion Government as a war
measure for defence purposes, is on the Canadian National Railway Company's right-
of-way.   Accordingly, a decision on these applications has been deferred until status of
the highway has finally been determined, and the applications are still in abeyance.
On Thursday, November 27th, 1947, the Commission held a hearing at Vancouver
on the application of Johnson Transfer, of Vanderhoof, for approval of a proposed
agreement with the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway Company and Canadian National
Railway Company providing for the transportation by Johnson Transfer (the holder
of public freight-vehicle licences for scheduled service between Prince George and
Smithers) for the transportation of freight traffic for the railway companies, including
both local pick-up and delivery, as well as transportation of freight which has received,
or which is to receive a part rail-haul.    Details are given elsewhere in this report.
HEARINGS OF THE SUPERINTENDENT.
The following is a list of the number of hearings held by the Superintendent of
Motor Carriers on various applications during the year :-
Month.
March 	
April 	
May	
June 	
July 	
August 	
September ___.
October 	
November ___.
December	
January 	
February ____
Number-
of
Hearings.
.__ 6
_._ 7
___ 5
.__ 7
... 5
__. 4
_„ 5
___ 4
___ 5
___ 5
__. 4
___ 5
Total Number of
Applications
dealt with at
Hearings.
54
46
43
46
30
33
37
34
35
39
16
28
62
441
PUBLICATION OF DECISIONS.
The practice each week of preparing a complete list of decisions respecting applications  (other than applications for private freight-vehicle licences)  was continued. I 18 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
These decisions are sent to the Automotive Transport Association, are posted on notice-
boards in Vancouver and in Inspectors' offices, and are otherwise given publicity.
A review of these decisions shows that a total of 2,158 applications for or affecting
public or limited vehicles were dealt with and reported during the year—averaging
forty-one applications per week. In the previous year 2,083 such applications were
dealt with.
DETAILS OF DECISIONS RESPECTING CERTAIN APPLICATIONS.
Transportation of Household Goods.—During the month of October applications
were received from Williams Transfer, of Nelson; Johnston National Storage, Limited,
of Vancouver; and Schofield & Malpass, of Nanaimo (in each case d/b/a Mayflower
Transit, Limited): also from Stephens' Cartage, of Kamloops, for alteration of public
freight-vehicle licences to permit the transportation of household goods and settlers'
effects to and from any point in British Columbia or between all points and places in
British Columbia. After a lengthy hearing, at which objections were made by other
licensed household goods haulers, the applications were refused. However, it appears
that some changes to the present conditions of licence of household goods carriers by
allowing somewhat greater flexibility of movement would be to the advantage of the
general public, and consideration is being given to proposals having this object in view.
Public Passenger Service, Greater Victoria Area.—During the month of January,
1948, due to the implementation of new by-laws and agreements covering transportation
in the Greater Victoria area (Victoria, Oak Bay, Saanich, and Esquimalt), the public
passenger service previously operated between Victoria and Oak Bay and on the Haul-
tain route by the Blue Line Transit, Limited, was taken over by the B.C. Electric Railway Company, Limited, whose operations are directly under the " Public Utilities Act."
Blue Line Transit, Limited, retained the licences for public passenger service at
Nanaimo and adjacent territory and for the transportation of industrial workers from
or to Nanaimo, and also the limited passenger-vehicle licences for charter trips and
sightseeing tours at Victoria and Nanaimo.
C. & C. Taxi Service, Limited (Victoria).—An application of the C. & C. Taxi
Service, Limited, of Victoria, for alteration of six limited passenger-vehicle licences,
restricted to transportation of air-line limousine passengers, to include permission to
transport the general public from Victoria to Patricia Bay Airport, and to the Patricia
Bay Airport Seaplane Base and vice versa, was refused. It appeared that the service
applied for, if approved, would be very little different from a public passenger service
already being rendered by the Vancouver Island Transportation Company, Limited,
who objected to the application.
However, permission was granted to amend the licences to include transportation
of pilots and persons arriving by private or chartered plane or non-scheduled flight,
restricted north-bound to delivery at the main Patricia Bay Airport only, and southbound to pick-up at the Airport only.
Taxi Licence Cancelled.—Limited passenger-vehicle (taxi) licence held in the name
of Cecil T. Reeves, of Victoria, was cancelled pursuant to section 11 (2) (6) of the
" Motor Carrier Act."
Scenic Stages, Limited—Licences discontinued.—A hearing was held at which
Scenic Stages, Limited, were given an opportunity to show cause why carrier's licence
or licences previously held by them for service from Marpole to New Westminster and
from Marpole to points in Richmond Municipality should be renewed. Having regard
to failure of the company to give any service over one of these routes and taking into
account the poor service rendered in the past, it was decided that further licences or
permits should not be issued to this company. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 19
Bus service to points in Richmond Municipality is now rendered by the B.C.
Electric Railway Company, Limited, subject to the " Public Utilities Act."
Dan MacLure's Taxi, Limited—Air-line Limousine Service, Vancouver.—During
the month of January, 1948, Dan MacLure's Taxi, Limited, holding a number of licences
to operate sedan cars for air-line limousine service between Vancouver and Sea Island
Airport, purchased two twenty-nine-passenger buses for this service and licences were
duly granted.
Public Passenger Service between Vancouver and Seymour Mountain—Application
of George P. Bates for public passenger-vehicle licences to operate scheduled service
between Vancouver and Seymour Mountain for transportation of skiers and hikers was
approved notwithstanding the fact that another licensee (Neville's Transportation) was
already licensed to give this service, as it was not considered the public convenience was
being fully served. At a later date Mr. Bates was granted alteration of licences to
include service to Grouse Mountain Ski Trail.
The licences held by Neville Transportation for public passenger service from Vancouver to Seymour Mountain for transportation of skiers and hikers were transferred
to Hamilton's Motor Cartage, of Vancouver, during the month of January.
Chilliwack City Bus Service.—Local public passenger service in Chilliwack City
and areas immediately adjacent thereto was commenced by Gallagher Transportation,
Limited, over three separate routes.
Maple Ridge Municipal Bus Service.—Approval was given to the granting of public
passenger-vehicle licences to the Maple Ridge Bus Service, Limited, and this municipal
bus service was inaugurated within Maple Ridge Municipality during the month of
May, 1947.
Triangle Transport—Freight Service Vancouver to Lillooet.—A new scheduled
public freight service from Vancouver to Lillooet via Lytton was commenced during the
month of March, 1947, following approval of the application of Earl Chase and Leo
LaRocque, d/b/a Triangle Transport. Until the granting of this licence no direct
motor freight service was available between Vancouver and Lillooet.
S. C. Huston—Freight Service Vancouver to Williams Lake.—The application of
S. Claude Huston for Class II public freight-vehicle licence for scheduled service
between Vancouver and Williams Lake (previously refused) was approved, the applicant having satisfied the Commission that, notwithstanding the two existing services
now operating' between Vancouver and Prince George via Williams Lake and Quesnel,
the service which the residents of Williams Lake were receiving was not entirely satisfactory. At a later date application from Mr. Huston for an additional licence for this
service was approved.
Neal Evans Transportation Company, Limited. — An application of Neal Evans
Transportation Company, Limited (operating in the Bridge River area), for alteration
of public freight-vehicle licences to include transportation from Lillooet to Bralorne
Mines, Limited, projects in the Yalakom Valley was denied, the application having been
strongly opposed by licensed carriers at Lillooet on the grounds that they were fit,
willing, and able to give this service.
Freight Service between Quesnel and Prince George.—J. A. Wade and R. W. Wade,
operating scheduled public freight service between Quesnel and Barkerville and between
Quesnel and Kamloops, made application for alteration of licences to include scheduled
service between Quesnel and Prince George, which service is already provided by R. A.
Baxter.   As public necessity was not proven, the application was refused.
Freight Service between Quesnel and Kelowna (Interior Freightways).—An application of Interior Freightways (W. T. Hannah) for public freight-vehicle licences for
scheduled service between Quesnel and Kelowna was approved, subject to certain restrictions as to points of pick-up and delivery to avoid interference with other services.
The service was commenced during the month of October. I 20 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Public Passenger Service between Prince George and Hazelton.—The application
of Canadian Trailway Stages of Prince George to extend their Prince George-Smithers
public passenger service westerly to Hazelton was approved.
Public Freight Service between Prince George and Smithers.—Authority was
granted to Johnson Transfer, of Vanderhoof, during the month of March, 1947, to
extend their existing scheduled Prince George-Decker Lake public freight service
westerly as far as Smithers, thus providing scheduled service between Prince George
and Smithers.
Johnson Transfer, Vanderhoof—Contract Hauling for Canadian National Railway.—During November, 1947, a hearing was held by the Commission on an application of Johnson Transfer, of Vanderhoof, holders of public freight-vehicle licences for
scheduled service between Prince George and Smithers, for approval of a proposed
agreement between the applicant and the Grand Trunk Pacific and Canadian National
Railway Companies. The agreement provided for the transportation by the motor
carrier of freight for the railways (a) originating at any point on the carrier's route,
consigned to any other point on the said route; (6) originating at any point on the
route but not consigned to any other point on the said route; and (c) not originating
at any point on the route but consigned to a point on the route.
Subsequent to the hearing, the application was withdrawn (except that portion
covering the filing of a new time schedule).
Permission was, however, granted to Johnson Transfer (as a public carrier) to
file a supplement to their tariff covering rates for transportation of L.C.L. freight for
the railway company on scheduled runs, restricted to freight which has received or is
to receive a railway haul, with delivery permitted from railway premises at Prince
George, Burns Lake, or Smithers to rail depots or to stores or depots on carrier's route,
and pick-up of freight from such rail depots, stores, or premises, for delivery to railway premises at Prince George, Burns Lake, or Smithers, and subject to a restriction
that no preference shall be given by the carrier to transportation of freight on behalf
of the railway company.
The object of the arrangement was to enable the railway company to give a more
convenient service to the public served by the railway between Prince George and
Smithers.
Public Passenger Service between Prince Rupert and Port Edward.—During the
month of October, Arrow Bus Lines, Limited, operating public passenger service within
the City of Prince Rupert, discontinued their service between Prince Rupert and Port
Edward, leaving this operation to the other licensed operator, Arthur Murray, now
operating under the name of Kaien Island Stages, Limited.
Application of Cherrill Mclntyre (Red Top Taxi), Prince Rupert, for public passenger-vehicle licence respecting a bus for scheduled public passenger service between
Prince Rupert and Port Edward was refused, there being already in effect licences in
the name of Arthur Murray (now Kaien Island Stages, Limited), for this service.
The applicant did not submit sufficient evidence of necessity for additional service on
this route.
Public Passenger Service, McBride-Valemont and Mount Robson.—Approval was
given to the application of Shovar Transport, of McBride, for licences to render public
passenger-vehicle service from McBride to Blue River via Tete Jaune and Valemont, to
Mount Robson, and westerly to Lamming Mills, respectively.
Public Freight Service between Vernon and Mabel Lake via Lumby.—Application
of George T. Morrison for public freight-vehicle licence for scheduled service between
Vernon and Mabel Lake via Lumby (a new service) was approved. The application of
Hugh Cox and Donald J. Roland for a public freight-vehicle licence for scheduled
service between Vernon and Lumby was refused. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 21
Licences applied for by Packing-houses, Okanagan Valley.—Applications of British
Columbia Fruit Shippers, Limited, and Kelowna Growers' Exchange, both of which
firms operate packing-houses in the Okanagan Valley, for limited freight-vehicle
licences for local transportation of fruit and vegetables for the B.C. Tree Fruits,
Limited (who are the Government agency controlling the sale and distribution of fruit
in the Interior), were refused, subject to the possible granting of short-term licences or
permits during the fruit season, if considered necessary at that time.
Bus Service, Kelowna-Winfield, etc. — The application of John W. Pavle, who
operates a bus service from Kelowna to points adjacent to Kelowna, for permission to
include additional routes from Kelowna to South Kelowna, from Kelowna to Winfield
and Okanagan Centre, and from Kelowna to Belgo, was approved, subject to a restriction that the Kelowna-Winfield route shall be operated with closed doors between
Postill and Arnold's Store. At a later date Mr. Pavle applied for amendment of the
restriction respecting the Kelowna-Winfield route to permit of serving the junction of
Upper Winfield Road and Vernon Road, which point is on the main highway, already
served by Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited. The application was refused.
At a later date (February, 1948), Mr. Pavle received approval for discontinuance of
service on the Kelowna-Belgo route.
Public Freight Service between Salmon Arm and Vernon (O.K. Valley Freight
Lines, Limited).—Application was made by O.K. Valley Freight Lines, Limited (operating between Osoyoos and Vernon), for transfer from Motor Transfer Company, of
Armstrong, of two public freight-vehicle licences for scheduled service between Salmon
Arm and Vernon. This application was approved and the O.K. Valley Freight Lines,
Limited, are thus now licensed to give scheduled service between Salmon Arm and
Osoyoos via Vernon, Kelowna, and Penticton.
Passenger and Express Service between Vernon and Salmon Arm.—During the
month of January, 1948, Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited, applied for
transfer from the Vernon-Salmon Arm Coach Lines, Limited, of two public passenger-
vehicle licences covering scheduled service between Vernon and Salmon Arm via Armstrong and Enderby and, at the same time, applied for this route to be included in all
British Columbia carrier licences held by this company. The effect of the transfer is
that Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited (already licensed to operate through
service from Alberta to Vancouver (a) via Revelstoke and the Big Bend Highway and
(b) via Crowsnest on the Southern Trans-Provincial route, and also licensed to operate
from Osoyoos to Kamloops via Okanagan Valley and Vernon), is now able to route
buses between Vernon and Salmon Arm by the direct route instead of only via Sicamous
or Kamloops, so that persons arriving at Salmon Arm via the northern route can be
conveniently transported to points in the Okanagan Valley and vice versa.
At the same time an application was received from A. B. LaMarche and D. A.
Saunders, d/b/a Vernon-Salmon Arm Express, for a public freight-vehicle licence to
render express service only between Vernon and Salmon Arm. The Vernon-Salmon
Arm Coach Lines, above referred to, had for many years rendered a special express
service on their passenger-vehicle operated between Salmon Arm and Vernon, which
service the Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Limited, did not wish to render.
Although the application was opposed by O.K. Valley Freight Lines, Limited, who
wished to give this service, the application was approved.
Public Freight Service, Vancouver-Trail-Nelson.—Applications of R. J. Barber,
of Vancouver, and of Snappy Service Truck Lines, Limited, of Trail, respectively, for
public freight-vehicle licences for scheduled service between Vancouver and Nelson
were refused.
This service had been rendered intermittently by Snappy Service Truck Lines,
Limited (and previously by Barber who formed the limited company), but it was not I 22 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
considered in the public interest to authorize continuance of this service, a licence
having been granted in the meantime to Greyridge Motor Freight for freight service
between Vancouver and Trail.
Application of Grayridge Motor Freight, Limited, operating scheduled public
freight service between Vancouver and Trail, to extend the easterly terminus to Nelson
was approved. Permission was also granted to operate this service (and their other
service to Cascade) via highways in the United States, subject to obtaining necessary
permission from the United States authorities.
Local Bus Service at Creston.—Application of Alexander & Joy, of Creston, for
alteration of licences to include two additional public passenger-vehicle routes—namely,
from Creston to Arrow Creek and from Creston to Indian Mission—was approved, as
also was their application respecting a licensed bus to undertake charter trips.
Cranbrook City Bus Service.—The Cranbrook Taxi Service, operated by D. Revie
and J. Kaye, made application for public passenger-vehicle licences respecting sedan
cars for public passenger service within the City of Cranbrook. This application was
withdrawn, but a later application was received to operate a bus on this service which
was approved and a temporary permit was granted. After a short period of operation,
the service was withdrawn, as it did not prove successful.
Public Freight Service in East Kootenay Area (Dench of Canada, Limited).—
Dench of Canada, Limited, already licensed to undertake interprovincial and international public freight service from points in Alberta through the East Kootenay area
to Creston and to the International Boundary, applied for the transfer to themselves
from Donald Revie of five public freight-vehicle licences for intra-provincial public
freight service from Cranbrook to Kimberley, to Fernie and to Creston, respectively.
The application was granted.
Appeal.
The granting to F. C. Williamson, of Fort St. John, of two limited passenger-
vehicle (taxi) licences, was appealed by R. J. Dhenin, the holder of licences at that
point. On receipt of notice of appeal, the Provincial Secretary requested the Public
Utilities Commission to review the matter and a further and very careful investigation
was made. Following its review of the matter, the Commission confirmed its previous
decision that the licences should be granted to Mr. Williamson. This decision was
conveyed to the Provincial Secretary, who thereupon informed Mr. Dhenin accordingly,
and advised him that if he so wished it was still his privilege to make a formal appeal,
and that if such appeal should be made, it would be dealt with by the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council.    It appears that Mr. Dhenin decided to allow the matter to stand.
EX-SERVICE MEN.
There was a considerable falling off in the number of applications received from
ex-service men, and this particular problem, which caused some concern during the
two previous years, is rapidly diminishing.
AMENDMENTS TO THE REGULATIONS.
The only amendment to the regulations pursuant to the " Motor Carrier Act" of
much consequence during the year was the addition of paragraphs 6.251 to 6.254,
inclusive, covering " Inspection of Vehicles." By this amendment, an " Inspector of
Motor Carriers " is defined as " any person authorized in writing by the Commission
to inspect vehicles for the purpose of determining their mechanical condition," and
every motor-carrier or applicant for licence is required, on demand of an Inspector of
Motor Carriers, to submit the licensed vehicle, or the vehicle to be licensed, for inspection and testing, and to take immediate steps to remedy any deficiencies and defects
within the time specified by the Inspector. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 23
Paragraph 6.254 gives a qualified Inspector of Motor Carriers power to order that
any unfit vehicle shall not be operated until further permission to operate it is given in
writing. A qualified inspector consequently has the power to rule any vehicle " off the
road " if he considers that its continued operation would endanger the public.
An amendment was made with respect to carrier's licence-plates, requiring that, as
was done prior to the war, two carrier's licence-plates be displayed instead of one only.
By Order in Council No. 2294, approved November 15th, 1947, the regulations
governing the transportation of express and the licence fees therefor were clarified.
Certain other important amendments to the regulations respecting fees, permits,
and other matters were made, effective March 1st, 1948, being the first day of the new
licence-year. These amendments will be outlined and explained in the next annual
report of the Commission, as they do not affect operations during the licence-year now
under review.
AMENDMENT   TO   REGULATIONS   PURSUANT   TO   THE   " HIGHWAY ACT,"
RESPECTING THE CARIBOO ROAD BETWEEN YALE AND LYTTON.
Ever since it was first opened in 1926, this section of road has been restricted to
vehicles having an over-all width of 7 feet 6 inches, and an over-all length of 24 feet.
Trailers or semi-trailers were not permitted. Of great interest to truckmen was the
revision of these regulations during the year, increasing the permissible width to 8 feet
(which is the standard throughout the Province), and the over-all length to 30 feet.
Semi-trailers, if within the over-all length of 30 feet are also permitted, but full
trailers are still prohibited. Previously the regular freight and bus operators operating over this road from Vancouver to Prince George, Kamloops, Kelowna, etc., were
required to obtain vehicles specially constructed to comply with the old regulations.
This increased considerably their costs of operation, as it cut down their load-carrying
capacity. The more generous dimensions now permitted were very welcome to these
operators.
MECHANICAL INSPECTIONS OF VEHICLES.
In the Sixth Annual Report it was stated that it had been decided to train
Inspectors of Motor Carriers with a view to their taking over inspection of motor-
vehicles licensed under the " Motor Carrier Act," thus relieving Mechanical Supervisors of the British Columbia Police of these duties.
During the licence-year under review a number of Inspectors qualified, with the
result that inspection of such vehicles under the " Motor Carrier Act " is now entirely
in the hands of the Motor Carrier Branch. As stated elsewhere in this report, the
regulations under the " Motor Carrier Act " were suitably amended in this connection.
While vehicles which are operated exclusively as school buses are exempt from the
provisions of the " Motor Carrier Act " and are inspected by Mechanical Supervisors
of the British Columbia Police, certain vehicles licensed under the " Motor Carrier
Act" are operated partly for public passenger service and partly as school buses. In
order to avoid duplicate inspections by an Inspector of Motor Carriers for public passenger operation and by the British Columbia Police for school bus operation, it was
arranged with the Superintendent of Motor-vehicles, who has jurisdiction over school-
bus permits, that inspection of all such vehicles be undertaken by Inspectors of Motor
Carriers, who furnish the Superintendent of Motor-vehicles with copies of inspection
reports. The Motor Carrier Branch, however, does not in any way undertake the
enforcement of the regulations pursuant to the " Motor-vehicle Act " with respect to
the operation of school buses. I 24 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
CONFERENCE OF HIGHWAY TRAFFIC AND MOTOR CARRIER BOARDS OF
MANITOBA, SASKATCHEWAN, ALBERTA, AND BRITISH COLUMBIA.
A conference of Highway Traffic and Motor Carrier Boards of the four Western
Provinces was held in Vancouver from September 24th to September 26th, 1947.
Representatives of boards from Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia
attended. Discussions took place regarding matters of highway transport of common
interest to the four Western Provinces.
Consideration was given to reciprocity in interprovincial operations of the motor-
vehicles and, in the case of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta, with regard to
chauffeurs' licences. Also discussed was the licensing of foreign trucks entering the
various Provinces to undertake special or emergent work.
Considerable discussion took place, particularly between the representatives of
Alberta and Saskatchewan, regarding the licensing of motor-vehicles operated inter-
provincially, and an attempt will be made to have this matter clarified. Regarding the
operation of taxicabs interprovincially, it was felt that the same conditions as now
apply to trucks should apply to taxicabs.
Mr. Monkman explained the system in Alberta of charging trucks operating from
points in the United States via Alberta, and destined for Alaska points via the Alaska
Highway.
The various Provinces outlined their scales of fees and, though these fees vary, it
was not felt standardization in the various Provinces was possible, owing to the various
Provincial Acts differing in the classification of licences.
Status of the roads through National parks was discussed, and it was felt that
some inconsistency was apparent in Federal Government regulations as, in certain
Federal parks, no freight lines are permitted, whereas in other parks they are. It was
suggested the explanation was that where a Provincial highway existed and was being
utilized by freight operators before the area was taken over as a Federal park, a
continuation of the freight operations was permitted.
A long discussion took place regarding recent applications in all Provinces by the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company and the Canadian National Railway Company to
engage in highway freight transportation by motor-truck. It was found that each
Province considers applications by railroad companies, or by truckers under contract
with railroad companies, on the merits of the application, and the policy generally of
each Province regarding these applications is, in many respects, similar.
Discussion took place on the treatment in each Province of the following matters,
namely, public convenience and necessity as a basis for licensing, enforcement, oversize and overweight vehicles, axle weights, tank equipment (oil haul), marking of
vehicles, brakes on trailers, lights on tractors, flares, carrying passengers on trucks,
capacity of buses, mechanical inspection of vehicles, contract rates, hours of work of
drivers, methods of suspension or cancellation of licences, and annual reports of motor
carriers.
The conference adjourned on September 26th with the suggestion from the representative of Alberta that the 1948 conference be held in Alberta.
STAFF.
In order to cope with the increased work, some additions were made to the staff of
the Motor Carrier Branch. The total number of permanent employees as of January,
1948, was fifty-four (including outside staff), as compared with forty-four as of
January, 1947.
In order to reduce the area then covered by the Inspector at Nelson (from Osoyoos
to Fernie, and north to Golden and the Slocan country), a new motor carrier office was
opened at Cranbrook during the month of June, 1947, and Mr. E. deBlaquiere was REPORT OP THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 25
placed in charge, his area being bounded on the west by Kootenay Lake, on the east by
the Alberta boundary, and extending as far north as Golden.
It has become increasingly apparent that Inspectors of Motor Carriers do not have
sufficient time to undertake the necessary checking of vehicles, and that an increase in
the inspection staff is necessary. During the year three Inspectors were engaged on
probation and were placed under training.
The Superintendent of Motor Carriers, the Deputy Superintendent, and the Assistant Superintendent made tours of various parts of the Province and obtained firsthand knowledge of transportation conditions and of the problems of the Inspectors in
branch offices.
CONFERENCE OF INSPECTORS OF MOTOR CARRIERS.
The annual conference of Inspectors of Motor Carriers was held at Vancouver
during the period January 7th to 9th, inclusive, 1948, at which time many problems
were discussed and, in most cases, were satisfactorily dealt with. Other matters were
taken under consideration for further discussion at a later date.
MISCELLANEOUS.
The standard forms for Conditions of Licence of the various classes were revised,
the new forms being prescribed under date of June 10th, 1947. A new form of Conditions of Licence is not now necessary in cases of a replacement of a vehicle, amendment
to carrying capacity, change of address of licensee, etc., and is only necessary in cases
of transfer of licence or actual alteration of operating privileges.
At the request of the industry, through the Automotive Transport Association, the
Commission arranged that all Conditions of Licence be issued in duplicate, to enable
the operator to retain one copy for his files, the original being carried on the vehicle
as required by the regulations.
INSPECTORS' REPORTS.
The reports of Inspectors of Motor Carriers are contained in Appendix B hereto.
LIST OF SCHEDULED PUBLIC PASSENGER AND
PUBLIC FREIGHT ROUTES.
Appendix C of this report contains a list showing the names of operators of
scheduled public passenger-vehicle services and public freight-vehicle services, respectively, as at February 29th, 1948, with a brief statement of the routes over which .he
vehicles are operated.
CHART ILLUSTRATING LICENSING OF MOTOR-VEHICLES UNDER
THE "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
This chart was revised to include amendments to the regulations which became
effective on March 1st, 1948, and has been distributed to Police offices, Government
Agents, and other officials, for the guidance of persons requiring information respecting the " Motor Carrier Act." A half-size facsimile of the chart is included with this
report as Appendix D. I 26
"MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
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o REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 27
APPENDIX B.
REPORTS OF INSPECTORS.
Inspector W. A. Jaffray.
(Vancouver Island and. Adjacent Islands.)
There was a distinct expansion of transportation services throughout this district during
the year, necessitated by new industry and a constant growth in population.
The consolidation of bus services and substitution of street-cars in Greater Victoria
constituted the major change in the transportation industry on Vancouver Island. There
appears to be no doubt now but that buses will finally replace street-cars, even in larger
centres, where great mileages are involved and a nominal fare charged. The long-line passenger buses are still moving the masses, but it was noted that carriers were able to supply
seats for all, with few exceptions, thereby realizing one of their ambitions. The limited
passenger (taxi) business has been stabilized to some extent but still offers a steady return
in most districts, and the quality of service is continually improving.
The public freight line haulers are enjoying continual growth of business. Fluid milk
is now being shipped to the larger centres, whereas, before milk prices increased, many producers shipped cream only. Perishable goods are being handled under a new speedy service
system between such points as Nanaimo and Lake Cowichan. The perishables are shipped
through on a more or less direct schedule, followed by the slower way-freight truck, stopping
at all points en route, which has proven popular.
Vancouver Island, noted for its vast timber resources, has now attracted companies
who are not only interested in taking off the timber, but are establishing communities for
employees, who will be engaged continuously as a result of the sustained-yield policy. These
communities require flexible transportation service, both for freight and passengers, and the
transportation industry has met this demand and is assisting in making these rural communities attractive places in which to live.
The export demand for lumber has been responsible for the opening-up of many small
sawmills, all requiring transportation service. In most cases the logs are hauled to the mill
by truck, and the lumber is trucked away as only in a few cases are they able to build mills
on railway sidings. This service is being rendered mostly by limited freight or " contract "
carriers.
There has been an over-all tendency to increase transportation rates. Suppressed during
the war, but with the cost of operation rising continually through increased cost of wages,
repairs, and equipment, many operators lost no time in applying for increases as soon as the
controls were removed. One main feature was noted, however: there appeared to be no
applications received for increases that were unwarranted. As in any other business venture,
truck and bus operators cannot be expected to operate at a loss, and adjustments were made
to the satisfaction of the shippers and carriers. Many new and amended tariffs were filed
during the year and there has been a genuine effort toward the standardization of rates,
which will tend to stop exploitation of the public and, on the other hand, rate-cutting practices.
The industrial developments on the Island are phenomenal, the transportation industry
has expanded to cope with this expansion, and highways are now being constructed that will
permit the rapid carriage of passengers and freight at lower cost to the operator and shipper,
and to the public.
During the year more equipment was replaced than in any previous year and, although
operation has proven expensive, due mainly to travel over roads under construction, the
equipment has been maintained in a safe operating condition.
Statistics compiled from the reports reveal as follows:—
(a) Mechanical inspections performed totalled       203
Vehicles found defective, steering  88
Vehicles found defective, brakes  90
Vehicles condemned  4
(b) Complaints investigated   73
(c) Investigations made   966
(d) Permits issued  1,148
(e) Mileage travelled by car  14,515
W. A. Jaffray,
Inspector of Motor Carriers. I 28 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Inspector F. Black and Assistant.
(Vancouver Area and Lower Mainland, Sechelt, Powell River, Squamish, and
Fraser Canyon between Hope and Boston Bar.)
The following is a summary of conditions generally in regard to the above territories for
the licence-year 1947-48.
The transportation industry has settled back to peace-time operation, allowing the operators to give a more efficient service.
The small-fruits crop was very heavy in the Lower Fraser Valley; approximately 1,350
tons of raspberries and strawberries were transported by truck to the canning-factories, as
well as a large truck movement of fresh fruits to the United States.
The export market for lumber has decreased considerably during the year. The many
small sawmills that were cutting lumber for export and shipping from the closest railway
siding are now shipping greater distances by truck to local market.
New equipment has been more easily obtained and the majority of operators have taken
advantage of this to improve the standard of their equipment and service. Cost of operation
has increased during the year, particularly owing to the increase in wages and higher cost of
new equipment and maintenance, and some operators are finding it difficult to carry on with
the present rates they are getting for the hauling.
Two new public passenger services have been put into operation, one serving the Municipality of Maple Ridge and the other serving a portion of Mission Municipality. There is a
general improvement in the service given by both truck and bus operators.
The usual complaints were received from commercial carriers with regard to Class I and
Class III private freight operators allegedly hauling for compensation, which were investigated.    In general, more than 500 vehicles were stopped and their operations checked.
As a result of information handed to the British Columbia Police and municipal police,
fourteen convictions were obtained for noncompliance with section 5, Part I, of the " Motor
Carrier Act," and seven convictions were for violation of Conditions of Licence.
Throughout the year 'an Assistant Inspector has been available in this district, namely,
Mr. E. deBlaquiere, Mr. V. McGuire, and Mr. Gray, respectively.
Statement of licences issued during the year:—
Class of Licence. Number.
Public passenger, A and D      197
Limited passenger (over seven passengers), B        20
Limited passenger (taxi), C      585
Public freight (scheduled), J and G      205
Public freight (non-scheduled), H      744
Limited freight, E      568
Private freight (farmers), K  2,101
Private freight, L  4,643
Mileage travelled in the course of duties was 32,505 miles.
F. Black,
Inspector of Motor Carriers.
Inspector J. A. Carmichael.
(Salmon Arm, Revelstoke,  Merritt,  Spences  Bridge, Lytton,  Lillooet,  Bridge  River,  North
Thompson,  Chilcotin, and that portion of the  Cariboo lying south  of and including
Australian.)
General increase in all matters pertaining to the " Motor Carrier Act " has been experienced during the licence-year 1947-48.
As manufacturers released a greater output of cars and commercial vehicles, the number
of applications for all types of carrier licences increased accordingly. Many replacements of
vehicles were effected, resulting in better equipment gradually becoming general throughout
the industry, and naturally a more sound economic position for the operators, relieved of
worn-out equipment, which was a continual bill of expense and drain on net profit. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 29
Practically all limited passenger (taxi) operators have improved their service by reason
of new vehicles, enabling a more economical service. Public passenger operators are enjoying
the same position.
A considerable increase has been experienced in limited freight-vehicle applications,
mainly due to continued pressure on the lumber and tie mill industry from both home and
abroad. From experience it has been proven that the limited freight-vehicle licence is the
answer to such extraordinary movements, similar to that now affecting the lumber industry.
Where Class III public freight-vehicles were licensed to cover forest products over a given
area for any individual or company, it was found that the operator was inclined to haul during
good periods when output, road and weather conditions were favourable, but as soon as these
conditions became unfavourable in a given area he was inclined to move to a new area where
conditions were more to his liking. Consequently the mill operator experienced considerable
difficulty and expense in obtaining vehicles to carry his product until conditions became more
normal and, as a result, in many cases it was necessary to issue temporary permits to
unlicensed operators to move the product.
The road-construction programme of the Department of Public Works has greatly
increased the demand for dump-truck operators throughout the district. The majority of
these dump-truck operators are transient and therefore the matter of licensing has been
handled, almost without exception, by issuance of temporary permits for a given contract for
a given time. This method has proven satisfactory also, and eliminated the confusion which
would have resulted if licences had been granted.
On March  1st,  1947, the Kamloops  office took over mechanical  inspection of vehicles
licensed under the " Motor Carrier Act " within this district.
The statistics as to vehicles inspected are as follows:—
Number of vehicles inspected   145
Major defects found—
Steering      50
Brakes, service and emergency     62
Lights      69
Exhaust      24
Miscellaneous defects   103
Number of vehicles condemned as unsafe to operate       4
Considerable difficulty has been experienced in matters pertaining to rates. Many variances and discrepancies were found between operators whose business was of a like nature.
Since, under Federal control during the war and the early post-war period, the operators had
been tied down to the rates in effect during the '" basic period," on the release of this control
operators immediately requested rate increases. The difficulty arose, and still exists, when
the operators were requested to give facts and figures of cost of operation to justify applications for increases. Too few operators were found to have proper records of cost of operation
as many were not in possession of any workable figures of any kind. This condition is slowly
becoming better, but it is felt that the majority of operators are not as yet sufficiently
conscious of the importance of their cost of operation being the foundation of their entire
business, and likewise livelihood.
The benefit of the " Motor Carrier Act " is generally recognized throughout the industry,
and co-operation between the operators and the Motor Carrier office has been very satisfactory
throughout the licence-year.
The district office and territory was visited during the year by the Chairman of the
Public Utilities Commission, by the Deputy Superintendent, and by the Assistant Superintendent of the Motor Carrier Branch.
Statement of licences issued during the year:—
Class of Licence. Number.
Public passenger, A and D  27
Limited passenger, B  2
Limited passenger (taxi), C   69
Public freight, G and J  39
Public freight, H     196
Limited freight, E  79
Private freight, L   509 I 30 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Other statistics:— Number.
Licences transferred         34
Licences altered         25
Mileage travelled in the performance of duty  22,900
Investigations and interviews (approximately)     1,125
Vehicles checked on highways        412
J. A. Carmichael,
Inspector of Motor Carriers.
Inspector H. K. Hume.
(Okanagan Valley, Lumby, Armstrong, Enderby, and the Princeton District.)
The highway transportation industry has kept pace favourably with the ever-increasing
agricultural industry throughout the above-mentioned area. A very heavy crop of fruit was
produced in the Okanagan Valley this year, and the transportation of the fruit necessitated
the licensing of or granting of a temporary permit for practically every available truck in
the area.
In general, the transportation industry has been very satisfactory, there being a number
of new and larger trucks brought into service. Also, there has been a number of new
passenger-cars in the taxi field and new buses have been purchased by established bus
operators. This all brings about faster and more efficient transportation and, in the case of
passenger transportation, safer and more comfortable conveyance.
That portion of the highway between Princeton and Kaleden has been under reconstruction all of this year, and it is understood that same will be completed in the near future. This
new road will greatly improve travel through the Marron Valley and Similkameen Valley.
Upon completion of the Hope-Princeton Highway, a new short route from the Okanagan
Valley to the Coast will then be available. This is expected to increase highway transportation considerably. There have been a number of other road-building projects through the
area, all of which have increased the efficiency of the highway service.
A greater measure of co-operation between the licensed motor carriers and the Motor
Carrier Branch has been enjoyed, and the attitude of the carriers toward the Motor Carrier
regulations and the necessary investigations that must be made has been gratifying.
The inauguration of new services this year includes one new public passenger service,
four new taxi operations, and two new public freight operations operating on scheduled runs.
Sixteen new Class III public freight-vehicle licences have been granted and forty-three new
limited freight-vehicle licences, covering chiefly the hauling of forest products and road-
building materials.
Satisfactory progress has again been made in the filing of tariffs and the revision of
older contract rates.
A revision of (Okanagan) Local and Joint Tariff No. Ia was made this year, becoming
effective September 15th, 1947. This provided a general increase in freight rates which was
consequent on the increased cost of operation. This increase was almost unanimously
approved by truckers and shippers alike.
The duties of Mechanical Inspector were undertaken by the writer during this year.
Some 200 completed inspections have been reported, there being only one instance where
equipment was condemned as being unfit for operation. In general, the equipment throughout
the territory is in good shape.
On July 31st the Kelowna branch office was moved from the Royal Anne Hotel building
to the new Capital News building, 316 Bernard Avenue, Kelowna. The new office accommodation is larger and is proving much more satisfactory. It was found that additional room
was required for the ever-increasing volume of business in this area. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 31
Statement of licences issued during the year:—
Class of Licence. Number.
Public passenger, A and D  25
Limited passenger, B  1
Limited passenger (taxi), C  61
Public freight, G and J         28
Public freight, H        201
Limited freight, E        108
Private freight, L .     1,087
Private freight, K     1,155
Other statistics:—
Licences transferred   56
Licences altered   34
Investigations and interviews (approximately)        650
Mileage travelled in the performance of duty  17,111
H. K. Hume,
Inspector of Motor Carriers.
Inspector H. J. Maddaford.
(Grand Forks-Greenwood District, West Kootenays, including Rossland, Trail,
Nelson, Kaslo, and Slocan.)
During the licence-year 1947-48 there has been a steadily increasing demand from the
public for the services of motor carriers. Public bus companies and scheduled line haulers
have improved and increased their schedules in order to provide a faster and better service
to the public.
Due to the fact that new buses and large van and trailer equipment is becoming increasingly available, these companies are replacing worn-out equipment and catering to the general
comfort and safety of the public.
There has been a great expansion in mining during the past year. Many old workings
have been reopened and new discoveries made. The continued demand for forest products,
both locally and for export trade, has resulted in numerous small sawmills being established
in various parts of the district. A great deal of relocation and improvement of road surfaces
was carried out on the Southern Trans-Provincial Highway No. 3, particularly in the Grand
Forks, Greenwood, Rock Creek area, and also in the Trail-Rossland and Castlegar areas.
This work has been in addition to the normal trucking requirements of the district and has
resulted in a much heavier demand for trucking equipment.
The increased demand for trucks has created new problems in licensing, but the general
co-operation of carriers and their favourable attitude toward the '" Motor Carrier Act " has
helped to overcome these difficulties.
The following new licences were granted:—
Public and limited passenger     4
Limited passenger (taxi)  11
Class III public freight  20'
Limited freight  46
In addition to the above, seventeen public passenger licences were granted to the Western
Canadian Greyhound Lines. These buses are licensed to be used on all company lines in the
Province.
A total of 876 temporary permits were issued during the year.
Assistance was given to new applicants in compiling tariffs and time schedules, and many
already licensed operators were assisted in revising existing tariffs. The Kootenay and
Boundary Local and Joint Freight Tariff No. 1, which was accepted in December, 1946, was
amended in several places. Assistance and advice were given to various trucking lines in
connection with these amendments and represented the largest individual contribution to
improving the rate structure in the area. I 32
"MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Increasing costs of new equipment and repairs, together with wage increases, have
steadily forced applications for increases in hauling rates charged in the district. In the
majority of cases the operator has been able to establish the necessity for these increases and
they have been duly approved.
The Motor Carrier Branch took over mechanical inspections in this district in May, 1947.
Sixty-four mechanical inspections of buses and taxis were made, the following defects being
noted:—
Defective brakes  37
Defective steering  36
Failure to carry emergency equipment     1
Vehicles condemned until repaired     2
Several complaints were received during the year in respect to charges-made by motor
carriers in the area. The majority of these complaints arose from a misunderstanding of
increases in rates and were quickly adjusted when the reasons were, explained.
Very few complaints were received in respect to trucks operating without the necessary
motor carrier's licence. There were twelve convictions for violations of the " Motor Carrier
Act " in the district.
The East Kootenay district, including Creston, Cranbrook, Fernie, Windermere, and
Golden, was administered from the Motor Carrier office at Nelson until May, 1947, at which
time Mr. E. deBlaquiere took over that district, and an office was opened at Cranbrook in
June. This reduction in the size of my district has resulted in my being able to give more
detailed attention to the matters requiring same.
The removal of all records covering the East Kootenays from Nelson to Cranbrook office,
makes it impossible to report on work carried out in that area during the months of March
and April.
Statement of licences issued during the year:—
Class of Licence. Number.
Public passenger, A and D   76
Limited passenger, B   3
Limited passenger (taxi), C  57
Limited passenger, F   2
Public freight, G and J  27
Public freight, H   131
Limited freight, E    79
Private freight, L   842
Private freight, K  351
Other statistics:—
Licences transferred
Licences altered 	
Investigations and interviews by Inspector
  56
  39
     1,126
Miles travelled by Inspector in course of duties   19,751
Vehicles checked on highways         392
Mechanical inspections made         64
H. J. Maddaford,
Inspector of Motor Carriers. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 33
Inspector E. deBlaquiere.
(East Kootenays, including Creston, Cranbrook, Fernie, Natal, Windermere,
and Golden.)
On June 15th, 1947, the Motor Carrier Branch of the Public Utilities Commission
established an office in Cranbrook to care for the work arising in the East Kootenays. Prior
to that, this area was administered by the Inspector of Motor Carriers with headquarters
at Nelson.
Logging and lumbering are the largest single sources of revenue in this district. The
total output of lumber, ties, and other forest products was greater than in 1946, due to
(1) more equipment available, including trucks and mill machinery; (2) no major labour
stoppages; (3) better supply of labour—large influx of people from the Prairies who were
available for employment in the mills and logging camps.
In normal times the cutting of Christmas trees is a source of ready cash for a large
number of people in an area stretching from Waldo on the south to Edgewater on the north.
This district produces trees that ship as well as, if not better than, trees cut elsewhere in
Canada, and that have the reputation of keeping their needles and fresh appearance for long
periods. They have been shipped as far south as Louisiana and Texas. The trees are cut,
graded, bundled, and then transported to the nearest railhead by truck. Unfortunately, this
year the output of trees was down approximately 40 per cent, of the 1946 figure. This drop
can be attributed to the appearance of the " needle miner," a periodic insect infection which
causes the needles to turn brown, and to unfavourable weather conditions—namely, a wet
fall and lack of timely frosts to set the needles—which resulted in the earlier cuttings being
lost to market.
Under wartime controls a number of operators were prevented from carrying out their
policy of periodic replacement. This resulted in a need for increased vigilance by the
Mechanical Supervisor to keep the equipment rolling. Units, when obtainable, were not
necessarily designed for the job, but were accepted by the operators, thereby throwing an
added responsibility on the transportation system as a whole. The year 1947 saw the return
of a large variety of types of equipment, including some new models, whidh allowed progressive operators to purchase equipment designed for the job. This is particularly noticeable in bus transportation, with many of the fleet owners standardizing their equipment with
the object in mind of improving their service with a maximum of efficiency.
Creston is the centre of a prosperous farming district which is divided into wheat-
raising and the production of small and large fruits. This area shows the largest increase
in population over any other area in the East Kootenays.
The new Kootenay Lake ferry, the M.S. "Anscomb," is now operating between Balfour
and Kootenay Bay. This gives the travelling public a shorter and more frequent service
between the East Kootenays and the rest of the Province. The new ferry is designed to load
and unload from either end, and is capable of handling the largest equipment with a minimum
of trouble.
Statistics.
Number of investigations and interviews         650
Number of vehicles checked on highway         600
Number of mechanical inspections made         176
Mileage travelled in the course of duties  20,092
E. deBlaquiere,
Inspector of Motor Carriers. I 34
MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Inspector G. L. Greenwood.
(Prince Rupert, Skeena, Omineca, and Prince George Districts;  also Northern
Cariboo District including Quesnel and Barkerville.)
The licence-year 1947-48 has seen a continually increasing expansion of public and
limited freight and passenger services, particularly in connection with the forest products
industries.
The number of public and limited licensed vehicles has increased by approximately 25
per cent, over the number licensed during the licence-year 1946-47.
The only major highway-construction programme in the district was the Hart Highway
project, intended to connect the highway between Prince George and Dawson Creek. In addition, the Provincial Department of Public Works has been doing extensive work on highway
maintenance and reconstruction. They found it necessary to employ a number of local dump-
trucks in connection with this work.
The general attitude of motor-carrier operators and shippers toward the administration
of the " Motor Carrier Act" and regulations has been excellent for several years past.
Recently they have been showing an increasing spirit of co-operation and confidence, particularly in regard to establishing economically sound rates tariffs.
Despite the constantly increasing purchase prices of new equipment and the difficulty in
obtaining same, there is a high percentage of old equipment being replaced, with a consequent
improvement in the quality and continuity of service.
With few exceptions, rates tariffs have been revised during the past year. Operators
found it necessary to apply for increases in tariff rates due to the increased costs of equipment, maintenance, labour, etc. -Tariff filings or contract agreements were properly filed for
each public or limited licensee, and these filings are complete.
There were a limited number of complaints, each of which was investigated and brought
to a satisfactory conclusion.
The following new licences were granted:— Number.
Public passenger   8
Taxi 	
Line haul freighting
Class III public freight-vehicle licences .
Limited freight-vehicle licences 	
Statement of licences issued during the year :-
Class of Licence.
Public passenger, A and D 	
Limited passenger (taxi), C 	
Public freight, G and J   	
Public freight, H 	
Limited freight, E 	
Private freight, L 	
Private freight, K 	
Other statistics:-—
Licences transferred 	
Licences altered 	
Investigations and interviews 	
Vehicles checked on highways (approximately) 	
Miles travelled by automobile during course of duties
Mechanical inspections:—
Mechanical inspections made 	
Defective brakes 	
Defective steering 	
Defective lighting 	
Temporarily suspended from service pending certain repairs
Allowed a limited period to obtain a replacement vehicle	
33
6
.39
27
29
109
27
167
57
458
163
58
59
986
490
14,498
261
109
139
88
26
4
G. L. Greenwood,
Inspector of Motor Carriers. REPORT  OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 35
Inspector D. J. Doswell.
(Peace River Area.)
The following is the annual report with regard to the above-mentioned area, covering
the licence-year from March 1st, 1947, to February 29th, 1948.
This area depends almost entirely on trucks for the movement of freight, and continues
to show the benefit of the supervision provided for transportation under the " Motor Carrier
Act." The attitude of the licensed operator in this area, together with the shippers and
general public, is one of co-operation, and it is generally admitted that the stabilization of
the industry as provided for under the " Motor Carrier Act" is most beneficial to all
concerned.
The amount of freight transported in this area shows a big increase over last year. The
contributing factors are as follows:—
(a)  Large increase in amount of lumber shipped from Dawson Creek.
(6) A considerable increase in the volume of petroleum products transported in bulk
from Dawson Creek to points in this area,
(c)  The transportation of considerable mining and oil-well equipment from Dawson
Creek to points in this area,
(c.) Large quantities of war assets goods transported to Dawson Creek from various
points on the Alaska Highway,
(e)   A large private freight project carried on by the W. M. Barnes Company, of
Los Angeles, California, in the movement of the Oil Refinery via the Alaska
Highway to Dawson Creek, for transhipment to Edmonton.
(/)   The construction  of bridges  at  East  Pine  and  West  Pine on  the new Hart
Highway to  Prince George, together with the continued construction of this
highway.
Public passenger transportation in the area shows a slight increase in the number of
passengers transported during the licence period in question;   the opening of the Alaska
Highway to the public in the summer of 1948 will probably bring about a big increase in
public passenger transportation.
Equipment used by all licensed operators in this area has improved and mechanical
inspections made during the licence period in question show that limited passenger and public
passenger vehicles in this area, as a whole, are in good condition. During the summer a
large number of Class III public freight-vehicles were checked for mechanical defects and
found to be in good condition with regard to the safety features.
All licensed operators in the area have now filed tariffs and contracts in accordance
with regulations.
Statement of licences issued during the year:—
Class of Licence. Number.
Public passenger, A and D  18
Limited passenger (taxi), C  15
Public freight, G and J  25
Public freight, H  130
Limited freight, E  38
Private freight, L _'_  172
Private freight, K  225
Other statistics:—
Licences transferred  21
Licences altered   13
Investigations and interviews  1,000
Vehicles checked on highways  250
Miles travelled during the course of duty  10,946
D. J. Doswell,
Inspector of Motor Carriers. I 36 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Inspector (Mechanical) C. A. Wood.
(Lower Fraser Valley, Greater Vancouver, Squamish, Seechelt Peninsula,
and Powell River.)
During the year 1947-48, mechanical inspections have been intensified, with the result
that vehicles operated as limited passenger-vehicles (taxis) and public passenger-vehicles
are being kept in much better condition mechanically than during the war years. The fact
that new equipment is now available within a short period of time after orders have been
placed is one reason for this improvement.
A number of second-hand buses have been purchased, either in Alberta or Saskatchewan,
and driven to British Columbia to be used in public service, and it has been found that the
majority of these vehicles were in poor condition mechanically. In one instance it was necessary to have a complete new frame installed; in others, complete new steering assemblies
and brake assemblies, as well as major body repairs were required before these vehicles could
be considered safe to operate in this Province as public carriers under the " Motor Carrier
Act."
When considered necessary, advice has been given to operators as to the maintenance
and safe operation of their equipment. The writer is of the opinion that this lends to safety
consciousness. This condition is very desirable to the interests of safe transportation of
passengers and in increasing the useful life of the vehicles operated.
Accidents involving limited and public passenger vehicles which were investigated during
the year could not be attributed in any way to mechanical failure.
General statistics covering mechanical inspections performed by the undersigned during
the licence-year 1947—48 are as follows:—
General inspections        725
Defective vehicles—
Faulty steering         108
Faulty brakes         104
Faulty exhaust-lines   77
Failure to comply completely with regulations         178
Vehicles condemned—
Public passenger   11
Limited passenger  (taxi)  12
Mileage travelled performing mechanical inspections  20,374
C. A. Wood,
Mechanical Inspector. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
I 37
APPENDIX C.
LIST OF PUBLIC PASSENGER-VEHICLE OPERATORS AND ROUTES
(SCHEDULED SERVICE), AS AT MARCH 1st, 1948.
Licensed under the " Motor Carrier Act " of British Columbia.
Name and Address of Operator.
A.P. Stages, Hope	
George R. Abbey, Nelson	
Alaska Highway Stages, Ltd., Fort St. John_.
Alberni Valley Transit Co., Ltd., Port AlbernL.
Arthur M. Arnold, Kelowna	
Arrow Bus Lines, Ltd., Prince Rupert..
Atkins Stage Lines, Ltd	
B.C. Auto Interurban, Ltd., Nelson_
B.C. Coach Lines (1947), Ltd., Kamloops,
B.C. Electric Railway Co., Ltd., Vancouver..
B.C. Motor Transportation, Ltd., Vancouver..
Route.
_Haig via Hope to a point on Hope-Princeton Road 30 road-miles from Hope.
Nelson-Kaslo.
Fort St. John-Dawson Creek.
Dawson Creek-Hudson Hope.
Alberni-Port Alberni.
.Okanagan Centre-Vernon via Woodsdale
and East Oyama.
.Prince Rupert City bus service.
..Harrison   Hot   Springs   to   Cultus   Lake
via Agassiz and Chilliwack.
Chilliwack-Ryder Lake.
-Trail-International Boundary at Pater-
son in connection with service to Spokane.
_. Kamloops-Mer ritt.
Kamloops-Paul Lake.
Kamloops-Tranquille.
__In   Burnaby   Municipality   and   to   New
Westminster as follows:—
Lochdale.
Lochdale-New Westminster.
Douglas.
Vancouver Heights.
..Vancouver-New Westminster.
Vancouver-Seattle, Washington.
Vancouver-White Rock.
Vancouver-Ladner-Boundary Bay.
Vancouver-Chill i wack.
Vancouver- Horseshoe   Bay-Whytecliffe
(West Vancouver).
Vancouver-North Vancouver.
North Vancouver-Horseshoe Bay-Whyte-
cliffe  (West Vancouver).
Vancouver-loco and Sunnyside.
Vancouver-Port Coquitlam.
Port Coquitlam-Ioco and Sunnyside.
Vancouver-Harrison Hot Springs-
Agassiz.
Port Coquitlam Extension.
Vancouver-Fort Langley.
New Westminster-Ladner.
New Westminster-Enderby.
Cloverdale-Newton-Enderby.
Vancouver-White   Rock   via   Crescent
Beach and Coldicutt Villas.
New Westminster-Port Kells via Clover-
dale.
New Westminster-Cloverdale via Johnston and Mud Bay Roads. I 38 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Name and Address of Operator. Route.
B.C. Motor Transportation, Ltd., Vancouver New Westminster-Ladner via Sunbury.
New Westminster-Port Mann.
Vancouver-Deep Cove.
North Vancouver-Deep Cove.
New Westminster-Scott and Townline
Roads.
British Yukon Navigation Co., Ltd., Whitehorse,    Dawson Creek to northern boundary of
Y.T. B.C. via Alaska Highway (operates to
Whitehorse, Y.T.).
George P. Bates, Hollyburn Vancouver-Seymour Mountain.
Vancouver-Intake Mosquito  Creek,
Grouse Mountain.
Basil H. Bayne, Nelson Nelson-Blewett.
Blue Line Transit, Ltd., Victoria Nanaimo, local bus service.
Nanaimo-Wellington via Departure Bay.
Arnold I. Boomhower, Prince George Prince George-Chief Lake and Reid Lake.
Prince George-Summit Lake.
C. & H. Transportation  (G. T. Henry and A. B.    Local service, Chilliwack.
Cunningham), Chilliwack
Canadian Coach Ways, Ltd., Dawson Creek Dawson Creek to B.C.-Alberta boundary
(operates to Edmonton, Alberta).
Carswell Coach Lines, Vernon  Vernon City bus service.
Vernon-Okanagan Landing.
T. H. Chamings, Lumby Lumby-Vernon via Long Lake.
City Bus Service, Ltd., Trail Local service at  Trail and to Warfield,
Shavers' Bench, and Sunningdale.
Civic Transportation Co., Ltd., Kamloops Kamloops City bus service.
Kamloops-North Kamloops.
W. G. Clarke, Squamish  Squamish-Cheekye.
Columbia Coachways, Ltd. Bus service, Penticton Municipality.
Copper Hill Bus Lines, Ltd., Princeton Princeton-Copper Mountain via Allenby.
Creston Bus Lines (Gus B. Alexander), Creston Creston-Wynndel.
Creston-Huscroft.
Creston-Arrow Creek.
Creston-Indian Mission.
John R. Ellis, Salmon Arm Salmon Arm-Canoe.
Neal Evans Transportation Co., Ltd., Shalalth: Shalalth-Pioneer.
Pioneer-Vancouver.
G. V. Farquhar, Harrison Hot Springs Harrison Hot Springs-Agassiz.
G. Ferguson, Nelson Nelson-Procter via Harrop.
Gallagher Transportation, Ltd., Hope Hope-Chilliwack.
Hope-Silver-Skagit   Camp   No.   2   and
Decco Camp No. 1 on Silver Creek.
Laurence E. Giles, Zeballos Zeballos-Privateer Mine.
A. S. Halverson, Dawson Creek Within the Village of Dawson Creek.
R., W., and J. Hamilton, Vancouver Vancouver-Seymour Mountain.
David L. Hewer, Kelowna Kelowna-McCulloch.
Estate of T. J. Hodgson, Williams Lake Williams Lake-Kleena Kleene.
Hole & Clarke Transportation Co., Ltd., Coal Har-    Coal Harbour-Hardy Bay.
bour Coal Harbour-Port Hardy Airport.
Hardy Bay-Port Hardy Airport.
J. A. Huffman, Fort St. James Fort St. James-Vanderhobf.
Pinchi Creek-Vanderhoof.
Fort St. James-Germansen Landing. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION. I 39
Name and Address of Operator. Route.
Interior Stages Ltd., Trail Trail-Rossland.
Trail-Nelson.
Nelson-Nelway.
Trail-Fruitvale.
Alfred K. Kadatz, Tofino Tofino-Ucluelet.
Kaien Island Stages, Ltd., Prince Rupert Prince Rupert-Port Edward.
J. S. Keen, Pouce Coupe Pouce Coupe-Commotion Creek.
A. H. Kershaw, Fort Steele Cranbrook-Fort Steele.
Kimberley City Service Co., Ltd., Kimberley Local bus service, Kimberley and Chapman Camp.
C. C. Lawrence, Gibsons Landing Hopkins Landing—Gibsons Landing.
Gibsons Landing-Garden Bay.
Gibsons Landing-Roberts Creek Community Hall.
Lillooet Cartage Co., Ltd., Lillooet Lillooet-Lytton.
Mary C. Magro, Cranbrook Cranbrook-Golden.
Maple Ridge Bus Service, Ltd., Haney Various routes within the Municipality
of Maple Ridge.
Mission Transportation, Ltd., Mission Mission-Huntingdon.
Mission-Hatzic Island.
Mission-Junction of Dewdney Trunk Road
and Ruskin Cut-off.
Local service, Mission.
Chas. Morrow, Langley Prairie Langley Municipality (local service).
Robert K. Munro, Naramata Naramata-Penticton.
North Coast Transportation  Co.,  Seattle, Wash-    Vancouver-Seattle,
ington
North River Coach Lines, Ltd., Kamloops Kamloops-Birch Island.
P. A. Noullet (d/b/a Jasper Park Tours), Jasper,    Jasper-Mount Robson.
Alberta
O.K. Mission Stages, Ltd., Okanagan Mission Kelowna-Okanagan Mission.
J. W. Pavle, Kelowna Kelowna-Rutland.
Kelowna-Glenmore.
Kelowna-East Kelowna-South Kelowna.
Kelowna-Winfield-Okanagan Centre.
Geoffrey C. Place, Dog Creek Dog Creek-Williams Lake.
Powell River Stages, Ltd., Powell River Powell River (local service).
Rimbey & Hustak, Dawson Creek Dawson Creek-Pouce Coupe.
Dawson Creek-South Dawson.
Clifford Scott, Mission Mission-Durieu.
Dorrell Shovar, McBride McBride-Lamming Mills.
McBride-Mount Robson.
McBride-Blue River.
H. W. Smith, d/b/a Canadian Trailway Stages,    Prince George-Hazelton.
Prince George Prince George-Prince George Airport.
Prince George-Prince George Army
Camp.
Prince George-Prince George Army
Headquarters Camp.
Prince George-South Fort George.
Prince George-Sinclair Mills.
W. A. Sproule, d/b/a Columbia Stage Lines, New    New Westminster-Port Moody and local
Westminster service.
Star Stages (Fred Gnucci & Walter Miller), Cran-    Cranbrook-Kimberley.
brook
Chas. S. Taylor, Leechtown ....-  Leechtown-Victoria. I 40                                                 " MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Name and Address of Operator.
R. W. Taylor and J. H. Ferguson, White Rock	
Route.
-Local service at White Rock.
Wm A. & R. H. Taylor, Salmo           _   _     	
Salmo-Queen Mine.
C. E. Tedrow, Republic, Wash	
Salmo-Emerald Mine.
-Carson-Cascade via  Grand Forks   (B.C.
Thompson Bus Lines, Ltd., Kelowna	
portion   of  service  between   Republic,
Wash., and Colville, Wash.).
-Kelowna City bus service.
Quesnel-Webster's Ranch.
-Ashcroft-Lillooet via Hat Creek and
Pavilion.
Quesnel-Barkerville.
This company is licensed to give through
public passenger service on all important main routes on Vancouver Island,
with numerous local services.
Victoria-Thetis Lake.
Victoria-Langford Lake-Goldstream
Hotel.
Victoria-Metchosin.
Victoria-Albert Head.
..Revelstoke-Arrowhead.
Jas. S. Tofin, Ashcroft	
H. B. Tuffley, d/b/a Barkerville Stage Line, Quesnel
Vancouver Island Transportation Co., Ltd., Victoria
Veteran Stages, Ltd., Victoria	
F. W. Wabv. Revelstoke	
Corporation of the District of West Vancouver,    West Vancouver-Vancouver.
West Vancouver
Western Canadian Greyhound Lines, Ltd., Calgary,    Crowsnest-Vancouver.
Alberta                                                                           Yoho-Vancouver.
Vancouver-Prince George.
Penticton-Revelstoke.
Penticton-Osoyoos.
Vernon-Kamloops.
Vernon-Salmon Arm.
Nelson-Nakusp.
Nelson-Kaslo.
Cranbrook-South Gate of Kootenay Park
(near Radium Hot Springs).
The Wildwood Bus, Ltd., Powell River Wildwood-Powell River.
LIST OF PUBLIC FREIGHT-VEHICLE OPERATORS AND ROUTES
(SCHEDULED SERVICE), AS AT FEBRUARY 29th, 1948.
Name and Address of Operator.                                                                             Route.
W. R. Anderson. Slocan Citv     Nelson-Slnr-an Cit.v.
Anderson Freight Line (J. R. Anderson and L. H.
Cutting), New Westminster
Atkins Stage Lines, Ltd., Chilliwack  	
Vancouver-Maple Ridge Municipality.
.Harrison Hot Springs-Cultus Lake
B.C.   Motor   Transportation,   Ltd.    (Consolidated
Truck Lines), Vancouver
British Columbia-Seattle Transport, Inc., Seattle,
Wash.
Gordon E. Ball, Nelson	
(express service only).
Vancouver-New Westminster.
Vancouver-Mission and Dewdney.
Vancouver-Chilliwack and Rosedale.
Vancouver-Seattle.
-Nelson-Procter.
Ralph Baxter, Dawson Creek	
Dawson Creek—Old Fort Nelson
Robert A. Baxter. Prince Georee	
Dawson Creek to northern boundary of
B.C. via Alaska Highway (operates to
Watson Lake, Y.T.).
__Prince Georp-e—QneKnel
1 REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
I 41
Name and Address of Operator. Route.
Leslie G. Bazeley, Fort St. John Fort St. John-Hudson Hope.
Black's   Motor   Freight   (F.   LePore   and   C.   W.    Vancouver-loco.
Belknap), Vancouver loco-New Westminster.
Blue Line Freight  (Helen I. Vant), Nelson Nelson-Rossland.
E. C. Boothby, Mission City Mission-Vancouver and  New  Westmin
ster.
R. M. Bourdon, Fort St. John Fort St. John-Dawson Creek.
Breck's Cartage, Trail Salmo-Trail.
British Yukon Navigation Co., Ltd., White Horse,    Dawson Creek to northern boundary of
Y.T. B.C. via Alaska Highway (operates to
White Horse, Y.T.).
Broadway Messenger Service, Vancouver Vancouver-New Westminster and Fraser
Mills district.
James A. Brown, Gabriola Gabriola Island-Nanaimo.
W. S. D. Brown, Salmon Arm Salmon Arm-Hay ward's Corner.
Bruce Motor Cartage, Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-New Westminster.
Carson's Truck Line, Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-Prince George.
Cascade Motor Freight (J. and C. Goodkey), Pen-    Penticton-Nelson.
ticton
D. Chapman & Co., Ltd., Kelowna Kelowna-Penticton.
F. J. Charlesworth, Newgate Newgate-Fernie.
Chilliwack Cartage Co., Ltd., Chilliwack Chilliwack-Vancouver.
Clarke & Miller Transport, Nelson Nelson-Nakusp.
George G. Clyde, Robson Robson-Castlegar.
Cordova Bay Freight (R. H. Holt), Victoria Victoria-Cordova Bay.
E. M. Cottrell, Hope Hope-Vancouver.
Country Freight Lines  (J.  C. Fleming & Sons),    Chilliwack-Vancouver.
Chilliwack
Cowichan Freight Service, Victoria	
Crosstown Carriers, North Vancouver	
Delta Freight Lines, Ladner	
Dench of Canada, Ltd., Calgary, Alberta
F. S. Duggan, Kelowna
Vancouver-Kelowna via Princeton.
 Victoria-Shawnigan Lake and Duncan.
 North  Vancouver-Vancouver   (motorcycle).
 Ladner-Vancouver.
 Crowsnest-Creston via Cranbrook.
Cranbrook-Kimberley.
Cranbrook-Kingsgate.
Creston—Rykerts.
 Winfield-Kelowna.
Neal Evans Transportation Co., Ltd., Shalalth Shalalth-Pioneer.
Thos. Fawkes, New Westminster New Westminster-Coquitlam    Municipality.
Ferguson's Motor Transport Co., Vancouver Vancouver-Horseshoe   Bay,  West  Vancouver.
Vancouver-Deep Cove, North Vancouver.
Leonard S. Forry, Vernon Lumby-Cherryville.
Fraser Transfer, Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-New Westminster.
Gallagher Transportation, Ltd., Hope Chilliwack-Choate (express service only).
Hope-Silver Skagit Camp No. 2.
R. H. George, Vinsulla Blucher Hall-Kamloops.
Steve E. Gilbert, Rolla Rolla-Pouce Coupe.
Cecil C. Golding, Ewings Landing Vernon-Fintry.
Grayridge  Motor  Freight   (K.   F.  Ridgway  and    Vancouver-Trail.
W. K. Graham), Vancouver
Arthur W. Green, Agassiz 1	
C. R. Greenaway, Cloverdale  __	
Haney-Hammond Motor Freight, Ltd., Port Haney_
Harrison Hot Springs-Vancouver via
Agassiz.
Surrey Municipality-Vancouver.
Haney-Vancouver. I 42
" MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Name and Address of Operator. Route.
T. J. Hodgson Estate, Williams Lake Williams Lake-Kleena Kleene (and non-
scheduled service to Anahim Lake and
other off-route points).
.Vernon-Arrowhead via Revelstoke.
.Vancouver-Horseshoe Bay, West Vancouver.
.Langley Municipality-Vancouver.
_Vancouver-Williams Lake.
.Keremeos-Penticton.
Quesnel-Kelowna via Kamloops and
Falkland.
_Nelson-Salmo.
Reinhard W. Hopp, Vernon	
Houlden Transfer, Ltd., North Vancouver..
Hume Truck Lines, Ltd., Langley Prairie-
Claude Huston, Williams Lake	
D. J. Innis, Keremeos	
Interior Freightways (W. T. Hannah), Williams
Lake
Interior Truck Lines, Nelson	
Invermere Contracting Co., Ltd., Invermere Cranbrook-Golden.
Island Freight Service, Ltd., Victoria All  public  freight  routes   described  in
schedule   filed   with   Public   Utilities
Johnson Transfer, Vanderhoof-
Kamloops-Okanagan Freight Lines, Ltd., Kamloops.
Kamloops Transport Co., Ltd., Kamloops.
Kaslo Motor Transport, Ltd., Kaslo	
Commission.
.Smithers-Vanderhoof-Prince George.
Prince George-Hansard.
-Kamloops-Salmon Arm.
Kamloops-Vernon.
-Kamloops-Williams Lake.
-Kaslo-Nelson.
P. V. Kinnee, New Westminster..
Ladner Transfer, Ltd., Ladner	
King's Motor Cartage, Vancouver Vancouver-New Westminster-Fraser
Mills.
Vancouver-Port Moody and Ioco.
 Vancouver-Hope.
 Ladner-Vancouver via Ladner Ferry.
Ladner-New Westminster-Vancouver.
 Vancouver-Harrison  Hot  Springs via
Agassiz.
 Dawson Creek to B.C.-Alberta Boundary
(operates to Grande Prairie, Alberta).
 Mabel Lake-Enderby.
 Pinchi Lake-Vancouver.
 Lardo-Gerrard.
 Surrey Municipality-Vancouver.
 Penticton-Naramata.
Lake Freight Lines, Ltd., Vancouver..
Emile and Yves Laloge, Pouce Coupe-
Russell W. Large, Enderby	
Lee's Transport, Ltd., Vanderhoof-
Joseph Logus, Poplar Creek	
R. H. Loney (Roy's Truck Line)	
Lee C. McFarland, Penticton	
Wallace R. MeFarlane, Pouce Coupe Dawson Creek to B.C.-Alberta Boundary
(operates to Grande Prairie, Alberta).
Mrs. L. M. McKinnon, Barkerville Barkerville-Quesnel.
Merritt Fast Freight, Kamloops Kamloops-Merritt.
Millar & Brown Transfer, Cranbrook Kimberley and Cranbrook-Vancouver.
Mission City Freight Lines, Ltd., Mission Vancouver-Deroche.
Geo. T. Morrison, Lumby Vernon-Mabel Lake via Lumby.
Mountain's Transfer, Langley Prairie Langley Municipality-Vancouver.
J. C. Muir, Nelson Nelson-Rossland.
F. W. Munro and A. L. Jeroski, Vancouver Vancouver-Penticton via Spences Bridge
and Merritt.
Nelson Creston Transport, Nelson Nelson-Creston  (and to Erickson when
required).
Geo. L. Niquidet, Williams Lake Williams Lake-Horsefly.
North Thompson Freight Lines, Kamloops Kamloops-Birch Island.
Northern Freighters (C. H. Blackburn), Fort St.    Vanderhoof-Fort  St.  James-Germansen
James Landing.
Albert Ogden, Procter -_ Procter-Nelson.
O.K. Valley Freight Lines, Ltd., Penticton Osoyoos-Salmon Arm.
Penticton-Princeton. REPORT OF THE PUBLIC UTILITIES COMMISSION.
I 43
Name and Address of Operator.
Overland Freight Lines, Ltd., Chilliwack..
Parent Transport, Ltd., Dawson Creek	
Route.
 Chilliwack-Vancouver.
 Dawson Creek to B.C.-Alberta Boundary
(operates to Edmonton, Alberta).
Harold H. Perkins, Buffalo Creek Exeter-Canim Lake.
A. G. Perry, Notch Hill Notch Hill-Sorrento.
P. W. Popoff, Blewett Nelson-Bonnington.
H. R. L. and A. M. Potter, Oliver Oliver (rural mail route).
Princeton Transfer (Mrs. N. Garrison), Princeton—Princeton-Allenby and Copper Mountain.
Orlo J. Reid, Fort St. John Fort St. John-Dawson Creek.
Richmond Transfer, Vancouver Vancouver-Steveston.
Leonard Roberts, Courtenay Courtenay-Menzies Bay.
Michael Ryan, Dawson Creek Dawson Creek-Groundbirch.
Saanich Freight Service, Sidney  	
Sandon-New Denver Freight (R. E. Crellin and
W. G. Teir), New Denver
Geo. Schmidt, Dawson Creek	
Scott & Peden, Ltd., Victoria	
Seattle-Vancouver, B.C. Motor Freight (1946), Ltd.,
Vancouver
Lloyd W. Shannon, Summerland	
Sidney Freight Service, Ltd., Sidney.
A. L. P. Stevens, Crescent	
L. R. Stevenson, Milner	
F. R. Stocking, Upper Hat Creek.
Stoltze Motor Freight, Vancouver-
Surrey Freight Lines, Cloverdale.
Terminal Cartage, Ltd., Vancouver_.
Westly Thompson, Agassiz	
.Deep Cove (Saanich)-Victoria.
Sandon-New Denver.
Dawson Creek-Fort Nelson.
Dawson Creek to northern boundary of
B.C. (operates to White Horse, Y.T.).
_ Victoria-Hillbank.
Vancouver-Seattle.
.West Summerland-Penticton.
.Sidney-Victoria.
Surrey Municipality-Vancouver.
.Willoughby-Vancouver.
.Ashcroft-Upper Hat Creek.
Vancouver-Stave Falls.
.Cloverdale-Vancouver   (serving   Surrey
Municipality and a portion of Langley
Municipality).
Vancouver-New Westminster.
.Harrison Lake -Agassiz- Chilliwack -
Sardis.
_ Langley Municipality-Vancouver.
_ Nelson-Rossland.
Vancouver-Lillooet.
Vancouver-Kamloops.
-Vancouver-Hope.
Quesnel-Williams Lake.
-Quesnel-Barkerville.
Quesnel-Kamloops.
..Williams Lake-Keithley Creek.
_Nakusp-Edgewood-Vernon.
West Coast Freight Service, Ltd., Port Alberni Port Alberni-Nanaimo.
White Rock Transfer (J. A. Roddick and F. A.    Surrey Municipality-Vancouver.
Best), White Rock
White Transport Co., Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-Kelowna.
Geo. W. Williamson, Winfield Vernon-Oyama.
Janet P. Williamson, Fort St. John Fort St. John-North Pine.
Ralph M. Williamson, Dawson Creek Dawson Creek-Fort St.   John.
Winton's Transfer, Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-Abbotsford.
George D. Witte, Big Creek Witte Ranch (5 miles westerly from Big
Creek)-Hanceville P.O.
A. S. Towle, Milner..
Trail Livery Co. (M. H. Mclvor), Trail-
Triangle   Transport   (Earl   Chase   and   Leo   La-
Rocque), Vancouver
Vancouver-Kamloops Freight Lines (R. J. Henry
and Wm. Lord), Vancouver
Vanderspek's Transportation, Hope
Vets Transport (W. A. Lowden and F. Lindley),
Quesnel
J. A. and R. W. Wade, Quesnel	
Robert I. Walters, Williams Lake-
Ward's Motor Freight, Nakusp— I 44 "MOTOR CARRIER ACT."
Name and Address of Operator. Route.
Wood & Fraser Transport Co., Ltd., Vancouver Vancouver-Prince George.
John Wyatt, Kelowna Kelowna-Winfield.
Yarrow Freight & Fuels, Ltd., Yarrow Yarrow-Vancouver.
VICTORIA, B.C. :
Printed by Don McDiakmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1948.
565-848-4127 APPENDIX D
NOTE.—The operation of Vehicles
must be in conformity with the
regulations under section 34 of
the "Highway Act" respecting
weights, dimensions, etc
PROVINCE OF  BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  PUBLIC  UTILITIES  COMMISSION
CHART ILLUSTRATING THE LICENSING OF MOTOR-VEHICLES UNDER "MOTOR CARRIER ACT
Prepared by Public Utilities Commission for guidance of Government officials.   For full information consult the Act and Regulations thereunder.
MARCH, 1948
KIND OF
MOTOR CARRIER'S
LICENCE
(Note.—Licence-year expires last day of February.)
CLASSIFICATION
AND USE
Subject to Terms and Conditions of Licence.
■PUBLIC*
PASSENGER-
-UMITEDH
Available for use by the public; operated over regular
route or between fixed termini and on a regular time
schedule. (Application Form M.C. J—blue.)
Note.—A vehicle may also be licensed as a combined
Public and Limited passenger-vehicle.
(Application Form M.C. 1—blue.)
Other than public passenger, whether or not available
for use by public; i.e., a taxicab or a bus available for
charter. (Note.—A taxicab operating exclusively in
one municipality is exempt.)
(Application Form M.C. 4—pink.)
FEES
As to fees for periods less than full year, i
Regulations 3.06 to 3.09, inclusive.
Fee for Replacement, $2.   Fee for Alteration of
Licence, $2.   See also " Miscellaneous Fees.'
Licence or Renewal
Full Year Fee. I Minimum Fee.
Per Seat
(authorized seating capacity
exclusive of
$3.00
$3.00
$3.00
$15.00
$15.00
$15.00
Transfer
$5.00
(For combination of passenger and
freight licences, see regulations.)
FREIGHT-
rPUBLIC—I
ClaSS   I Combination of Glass II. and Glass
(Application Form M.C. 2—green.)
ClflSS   TT       Operated only on regular time sched-
^ ule and regular route, or on regular
time schedule between fixed termini.
(Application Form M.C. 2—green.)
flnea   TTT     NOT operated on regular time sched-
«^i<*»»   in.   ule and regular route NOR on regular
time schedule between fixed termini.
(Application Form M.C. 3—dark yellow.)
Per Ton Freight
(authorized
carrying
$12.00
$12.00
$12.00
$12.00
$12.00
$12.00
$5.00
$5.00
$5.00
-LIMITED-I
Operated solely under a limited number of special or
individual contracts or agreements; not available for
use by the general public.
(Application Form M.C. S—canary yellow.)
$9.00
$9.00
$5.00
L-PRlVATEHl
(See definition below.*
Class III.
(Farm-vehicle.)
Class I.
Restricted to vehicle owned by and
operated by or on behalf of a bona-fide
farmer and used in the manner described below.**
(Application Form M.C. 7—
white with green printing.)
Comprising all private freight-vehicles
other than Glass III. private freight-
vehicles.
(Application Form M.C. 6—
white with black printing.)
No fee payable.
Full year, or less, $5.00
Nil
$1.00
INSURANCE
(financial responsibility.)
r-vehicles, or combination passenger and freight vehicles, only.)
Bodily Injury or Death
(To include Loss or Damage resulting from Bodily Injury
to or Death of any Person being carried in or upon or entering or getting on or alighting from  the  Motor-vehicle.)
Maximum   Authorized   Carrying
Capacity, including Standing
Passengers.
7 or less	
8 to 12, inclusive.
13 to 21, inclusive.
22 to 30, inclusive.
31 to 40, inclusive.
41 to 50, inclusive.
51 to 75, inclusive.
Over 75 	
Amount against Loss or
Damage  resulting, in One
Accident, from Bodily Injury
to or Death of:
$5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
5,000
$10,000
15,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
75,000
100,000
Property
Damage.
TEMPORARY PERMITS.
(SEE PART 10 OF REGULATIONS.)
Temporary Permits may be issued as follows:—
CLASS I. Permit jfor Temporary Operation op a Vehicle as a Private Freight-vehicle,
for a period oflnot more than thirty (30) days.   PERMIT FEE, $1.    (See Reg. 10.1.)
CLASS II. Permit for Temporary Opbration of a Vehicle as a Public or Limited Vehicle,
for a periojl of not more than thirty (30) days.    (See Reg. 102.)
FEE for Class jH. permit as follows:—
Period. Fee. Minimum Fee.
7 days or! less $2.00 $2.00
8 days tofJO days  ^2 of annual fee for equiva-1
lent licence...
2.00
INSURANCE NOT REQUIRED FOR FREIGHT-VEHICLES.
GENERAL INFORMATION.
The " Motor Carrier Act" is administered by the Public Utilities Commission
of British Columbia.
The Motor Carrier Branch of the Public Utilities Commission has its main
office in the Motor-vehicle Building, 1740 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, with
a branch office, Room 510, Central Building, Victoria, B.C.
Communications should be addressed to:—
Superintendent of Motor Carriers,
Public Utilities Commission,
1740 West Georgia Street,
Vancouver, B.C.
Inspectors have their headquarters at Victoria, Vancouver, Kamloops, Kelowna,
Nelson,  Cranbrook, Prince George, and Dawson Creek respectively.
Application forms obtainable from any of the above places, also from offices
as listed on inside front cover of " Motor Carrier Act and Regulations."
Cheques, etc., should be made payable to " Public Utilities Commission."
All cheques covering fees must be certified.
For copy of " Motor Carrier Act and Regulations " apply to Superintendent
of  Motor Carriers,  Vancouver,  B.C.
CLASS III. PERMif for Temporary Ope
Reg. 103, for period of not more
Includes the fallowing cases:—
(a.) Pendihg consideration of application for:—
Hrivate freight-vehicle licence.
Iransfer of licence,
licence on replacement vehicle.
Hcrease in carrying capacity.
Renewal of licence.
.Alteration or reclassification of public or limited licence.
(b.) Operation of vehicle licensed as a public or limited vehicle in a manner or for a
purpojse otherwise than is authorized by the licence or conditions of licence.
For other caset, see Reg. 10.3.
CLASS IV. PermJ for Substitute Vehicle when Licensed Vehicle is disabled. (See Reg.
10.4.) NO FEE. In case of passenger vehicle, proof of financial responsibility must be
filed with respect to substitute vehicle if such proof is required under the regulations
respecting the licensed vehicle.
Where Permits may be obtained.
Permits, Classes I. to IV., inclusive, are obtainable from Superintendent
of_ Motor ICarriers at Vancouver, and from Inspectors of Motor Carriers at
Victoria, Kamloops, Kelowna, Nelson, Cranbrook, Prince George, and Dawson
Creek, and at such other places as may be ordered.
CLASS VI. Perm|t to operate
of Adult Persons
N WRI1ING
(See Reg. 10.4)    NO FEE.   Apply to B.C. Police.
SCOPE OF ACT—EXEMPTIONS, ETC.
(Note.—Private passenger-vehicles do not come within the s
SCOPE.
The Act applies to all freight and passenger vehicles operated for compensation and to all
private freight-vehicles, except as exempted by the Act or the regulations thereunder.   Does
not apply to horse-drawn vehicles.   Does not apply to vehicles operated exclusively on a private
EXEMPTED BY THE ACT.
(i.) A school bus while used exclusively ii
school. Such vehicle must, however, comply wi
crossings.
(ii.) A taxicab operating exclusively in oni
EXEMPTED BY THE REGULATIONS.
(Note.—For complete list of exemptions see Part 1 of the regulatioi
The following is a brief list of same:-
" Private freight-vehicle" means a motor-vehicle, other than
a public vehicle or a limited vehicle, that is operated at any
time or from time to time on a highway for the transportation of freight, and includes any motor-vehicle which is so
operated for any of the following purposes, viz.:—
(a.) The transportation of freight bona fide the property of
the owner of the motor-vehicle;
(6.) The transportation of freight used or subjected to a
process or treatment by the owner of the motor-
vehicle in the course of a regular trade or occupation
or established business of such -owner, when the trans- -
portation is incidental to such trade, occupation, or
business;
(c.) The delivery or collection of freight sold or purchased,
or agreed to be sold or purchased, or let on hire by
the owner of the motor-vehicle, otherwise than as
agent, in the course of a regular trade or established
business of such owner. (See sec. 2, " Motor Carrier
Act")
irk Class HI. private freight-vehicles, comprising every private
freight-vehicle owned by and operated by or on behalf of a
bona-fide farmer and used exclusively for the transportation
of his own agricultural, orchard, or dairy products produced
on his farm, or his own live stock, or supplies and commodities for his farm, but not including private freight-vehicles
used for transportation in connection with a farm operated
wholly or chiefly for the raising or growing or the marketing
of nursery stock, ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, or bulbs;
mushrooms; fur-bearing animals; nor for transportation of
forest products, except in connection with actual clearing of
his land for agricultural purposes; nor for the transportation of any commodity purchased by a farmer for resale.
(See regulations pursuant to " Motor Carrier Act.")
MISCELLANEOUS FEES
For copy of Conditions of Licence, 50 cents.
For duplicate licence and  (or)  substitute licence-plate, $1.
Fee for " express " on passenger-vehicle equivalent to licence
fee for one  (1)  passenger seat for each 400 lb. or fraction
REPLACEMENTS.
If licensee wishes to obtain a licence on a
different vehicle in place of licensed vehicle,
application for replacement should be submitted on Form M.C. 8 (white, red printing).
REPLACEMENT FEE, $2.
TRANSFER OF LICENCE.
GENERAL.—Use  Form   M.C.  10   (white,
blue printing).
TRANSFER   OF   PRIVATE   FREIGHT-
VEHICLE    LICENCES.      Regulation
5.25 reads as follows:—
" A private freight-vehicle licence may be
transferred only in cases where the vehicle
will be used by the transferee in connection
with the same established business as that
for which it has been used by the transferor."
(a.) Vehicle owned and operated by Dominion Government, Provincial Government, or
Government of the U.S.A.; and any vehicle operated exclusively on behalf of Dominion
Government or Government of the U.S.A. in connection with naval, military, or air force
operations:
(b.)  As to vehicles owned by municipalities and school districts, refer to Reg. 1.1 (b) and (c):
(d.) Unlicensed private freight-vehicles transporting not more than 300 lb. of freight (exclusive
of game, which may be carried in addition):
(e.) Vehicle when operated as an ambulance:
(/.)  Hearse, funeral-coach, or other vehicle when operated for purpose of funeral:
(g.) Vehicle used solely for towing, repairing, or salvaging disabled motor-vehicles:
(h.) As to vehicles owned by dealers and operated for demonstration or testing, etc., see Reg.
1.1 (h):
(i.) Vehicle rented to and operated on behalf of Dominion Government, Provincial Government, or Government of the U.S.A.
(j.) Vehicle (not licensed in British Columbia) operated under permit issued under section
15 of the " Motor-vehicle Act" in cases where the permit allows of making not more than
one (1) trip into the Province:
(/.) Transportation of freight wholly within certain defined areas if the freight is not transported across any boundary of the area:
These areas are set out in detail in Reg. 1.1 (/), clauses (i.) to (xiv.), inclusive, of the
regulations and include:—
(iv.) The municipal area of any single incorporated municipality; the respective areas
comprising: Spallumcheen Municipality and City of Armstrong; City of Chilliwack and
Municipality of Chilliwhack; City and District Municipalities of Salmon Arm; Fraser Mills
and Coquitlam Municipalities;   Village and District Municipalities of Mission;   Village of
School Bus to transi
1 a Function where t
Board of School Trustees 0
•rt Pupils and a Limited Number
ie Transportation has been sanc-
other Party in Charge of School.
>pe of the "Motor Carrier Act.")
Municipality of Matsqui; Village of Abbotsford and Municipality of Sumas
with Huntingdon; City of Duncan and North Cowichan Municipality; City and
ict Municipalities of North Vancouver; Municipalities of Victoria, Oak Bay, Esquimau, and that portion of Saanich Municipality which lies within radius of 5 miles from
Victoria City Hall; City of Vancouver, the University Endowment Lands, and certain
portion of Burnaby Municipality as described in item (ii.); City of New Westminster
and certain portion of Burnaby which is described in item (iii.).
(».) As to tpxis and limited passenger-vehicle exemptions see:—
(A.j Section 2 of " Motor Carrier Act," "Interpretation," namely:  Limited passenger-
vehicle Which " shall not include a taxicab operating exclusively in one municipality."
(B.) Clauses (m) and («) of Reg. 1.1.
For othir total exemptions in certain areas see clauses (0) to (a) of Reg. 1.1.
EXEMPTIONS FROM FEES AND INSURANCE.
(Applies only when ordered by the Commission.)
(See Reg. 12.)
(a.) Passengfer-vehicle used exclusively for transporting industrial workers:
(b.) Vehicle] employed by or under contract with the Dominion Government for the purpose of
carrying mail only:
(c.) Any vehicle owned by the Greater Vancouver Water District or the Vancouver and Districts Joint Sewerage and Drainage Board, and used exclusively in the business of either
or botli
CARRIER'S LICENCE PLATES.
Letter Classification.
A   Public- Passenger-vehicle.
B    Limited Passenger-vehicle, over 7 passengers.
C    Limited Passenger-vehicle, 7 passengers or less.
D   Public) and Limited Passenger-vehicle.
E    Limited Freight-vehicle.
F   Limited Passenger- and Freight-vehicle, and such other combinations of licences not otherwise specified herein, as the Commission may approve.
G   Publid Freight-vehicle, Class II.
H    Public Freight-vehicle, Class III.
J    Publid Freight-vehicle, Class I.
K    Private Freight-vehicle, Class III. (farmer).
L    Privat^ Freight-vehicle, Class I.
Note.—Carrier's licence-plates are not transferrable from one vehicle to another vehicle;
if licensed Vehicle is  sold,  carrier's  licence-plates  must be  surrendered   (see also  " Replece-
This chkrt includes amendments to date March 1st, 1948.
VICTORIA, B.C.:   Printed by Don McDiakmid, Printer to the Kim

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