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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL REPORTS OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PROVINCIAL… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1948

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
department of the attorney-general
REPORTS
OF THE
COMMISSIONER OF PROVINCIAL POLICE
FOR THE YEAR
1946
AND
INSPECTOR OF GAOLS
FOR THE YEAR ENDED
MARCH 3 1st, 1947
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Dox McDiarmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
194S.  Colonel the Hon. C. A. BANKS, C.M.G.,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to submit the reports of the Commissioner of
Provincial Police for the year ended December 31st, 1946, and the Inspector of Gaols
for the year ended March 31st, 1947.
G. S. WISMER,
Attorney-General.
Attorney-General's Department,
Victoria, B.C., November 1st, 194.7. Victoria, B.C., November 1st, 1947.
The Honourable the Attorney-General,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
SIR,—I have the honour to enclose my annual report for the year ended December
31st, 1946, and also report on the Provincial Gaols for the year ended March 31st, 1947.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
T. W. S. PARSONS,
Commissioner of Provincial Police. X
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CO ^  Report of the Commissioner of Provincial Police, 1946.
The Honourable G. S. Wismer, K.C.,
Attorney-General for British Columbia,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit my annual report for the year ended December
31st, 1946.
STRENGTH AND DISTRIBUTION.
As at midnight December 31st, 1946, the strength of the Force was 14 officers and
401 non-commissioned officers and men, exclusive of special constables and stenographers. The table hereunder shows the strength and distribution as at the end of
the year.
Statement of
Strength as at Midnight, December 31st, 1946.
Headquarters.
"A"
Division.
"B"
Division.
"0"
Division.
"D"
Division.
"E"
Division.
Fort
George
Subdivision.
Peace
River
Subdivision.
Total.
1
1
1
Deputy Commissioner	
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
8
1
1
2
Paymaster and Quarter-
1
3
1
1
1
5
4
4
2
3
2
6
1
22
1
5
6
2
4
8
1
1
28
First-class Constables	
4
45
35
39
15
51
7
5
201
Second-class Constables..
1
6
2
1
4
4
2
20
Third-class Constables....
10
9
16
7
23
3
4
72
4
3
2
1
4
2
16
Chief Clerks	
1
1
Assistant Chief Clerks....
1
1
1
1
1
1
6
Senior Clerks	
2
2
First-class Clerks	
1
1
2
Third-class Clerks	
.      1
1
2
Third-class Skippers	
3
2
1
6
Second-class Engineers...
1
1
2
Third-class Engineers	
1
1
1
1
Chief Radio Operator	
1
1
Senior Radio Operators..
1
1
1
1
4
First-class Radio Oper-
3
1
1
2
3
1
1
12
Second-class Radio Oper-
1
1
Third-class Radio Oper-
1
2
1
4
Chief Mechanical Super-
1
1
Mechanical Supervisors..
1
1
Assistant Mechanical
Supervisors	
1
1
2
1
1
2
Assistant Supervisor,
Finger-print Bureau....
1
1
Senior Finger-print
1
1
1
1
19
1
1 •
1
2
24
46
82
67
75                 41
111
19
14
455 Q 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
ESSAY CONTEST, 1946.
To promote the interests of the Force, all ranks, executive officers excepted, were
invited to submit an essay on the subject " How best may Conditions of Service in the
British Columbia Police be improved ? " No less than 25 per cent, of our staff availed
themselves of the opportunity to compete, and I am sure the many valuable and constructive suggestions submitted for consideration will go far toward improving general
and specific conditions within the Force. In order of merit, prizes were awarded to
Detective-Sergeant C. Ledoux, first; Staff-Sergeant J. H. McClinton, second; Senior
Radio Operator G. J. G. Macdonald, third; Radio Operator E. L. Hammer, fourth; and
Constable P. Q. Drysdale, fifth.
ENGAGEMENTS, DISCHARGES, PROMOTIONS.
Engagements   75
Discharges—
By purchase  24
By invaliding    4
By expiration of engagement     4
By transfer to another branch of the Government service..    4
By pension     7
By dismissal ,     1
By death     1
— 45
Promotions—
Staff-Sergeants      2
Sergeants      9
Corporals       5
Skippers, Third-class      2
Constables, First-class   21
Constables, Second-class  20
The gross strength of the Force increased by twenty-three over 1945. The policy
of filling all vacancies with ex-service men was strictly adhered to.
COMMENDATIONS AND AWARDS.
Outstanding work performed by individual members of the Force occasioned some
forty-four commendations in General Orders. Cash awards from the Police Reward
Fund were given for exceptional attention to duty (mainly in connection with the
arrest of armed criminals) and to two non-commissioned officers whose ingenuity
saved the department considerable money in the purchase of equipment.
DISCIPLINE.
Although the conduct of the Force was satisfactory, it was necessary to issue
fourteen reprimands for disciplinary derelictions and, in three instances, to assess
damages for carelessness in the operation of Government vehicles.
POLICING OF MUNICIPALITIES.
Under agreement the department continues to police forty-five cities and municipalities. With the object of increasing rates sufficiently to meet the rising cost of
policing, we reviewed existing contracts and entered into new agreements with all
concerned. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946. Q 7
POLICE TRAINING-SCHOOL.
Inspector C. K.  Mackenzie, officer in charge of the police training, reports:—
" Due to lack of man-power and with the exception of a five-week period in March
and April, no classes were in attendance.
" On March 4th a group of fourteen men, known as the Thirteenth Instructional
Class (Detectives), was assembled at the school and remained in session until April 6th.
Of the fourteen, eight were members of our own organization and six were from other
forces. The names, ranks, and stations of the class members follow: Deputy Chief
Constable L. G. Clayards, Oak Bay Municipal Police; Sergeant Cecil Pearce, Saanich
Municipal Police; Constable Percy Easier, Vancouver City Police; Constable John
Lund, Victoria City Police; Constable J. K. Smart, Esquimalt Municipal Police; and
Patrolman L. M. Potter, Washington State Patrol. Entrants from this Force included
Corporal J. A. Macdonald, Vancouver; Corporal A. T. Lashmar, Prince Rupert; Corporal G. J. Emsley, Burnaby; Constable E. Holm, Chemainus; Constable T. A. Quigley,
Nelson; Constable J. L. Devoin, Nelson; Constable F. G. Saunders, Port Coquitlam;
and Constable J. W. Todd, Youbou.
"As the purpose of this class was to develop detective material, instruction was
restricted to the study of criminal investigation. Subjects dealt with were: General
criminal investigation; public relations; observation; finger-prints; photography;
interviews; statements and confessions; sketching and plan-drawing; chemical and
microscopical analysis; firearms identification; casts and moulds; gambling; lotteries;
metals; glass fractures; modus operandi; registration of firearms; juvenile delinquency;
pathological aspects of criminal investigation; handwriting and forgeries; fire investigations; safe robberies; narcotics; evidence; practical investigative problems; aspects
of city police work;  revolver practice.
"Additional to our own instructions, we were fortunate in being able to offer a
series of special lectures prepared by'the Deputy Attorney-General; the Assistant
Deputy Attorney-General; the Provincial Fire Marshal; members of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Vancouver; United States Federal Bureau of Investigation;
Mr. H. B. MacLean, handwriting expert of Vancouver; the Provincial Probation Officer,
Vancouver; Dr. U. P. Byrne, Pathologist, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale;
Staff-Inspector George Lefler, Vancouver City Police; and the Chief Analyst and
Assayer of the Provincial Department of Mines, Mr. G. C. B. Cave-Brown-Cave."
Later, by invitation of the Commissioner, Royal Canadian Mounted Police, we
were privileged to send Sergeant J. W. Hooker to the Thirteenth Class, Canadian Police
College, Regina, Sask. At this writing the Force has had six non-commissioned officers
attend major R.C.M.P. courses at Regina and Ottawa, and in each of them our men
did very well indeed.
MARKSMANSHIP.
In the annual marksmanship course 167 members of the Force qualified by making
a score of not less than 190 points out of 300. Detective Sergeant J. A. Young led the
Master class, Constable Robert Walker (Sumas) was high Expert, and Constable
William James (Highway Patrol, Chilliwaek) high Marksman.
The high Tyro award, a silver cigarette-box awarded annually to the individual
making the highest score when qualifying for the first time, was won by Constable
A. W. Strom, Prince George.
Lieut.-Col. T. V. Sandys-Wunsch, o.b.e., of Duncan, late Assistant Commissioner,
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, presented a silver rose-bowl for a competition designed
to encourage revolver shooting amongst younger men of the Force stationed on Vancouver Island. Radio Operator E. L. Hammer, Port Alberni, was the first to win
this trophy. Q 8 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The following are tables of comparison showing the relative efficiency demonstrated
by personnel of each division during the years 1945 and 1946:—
1945. 1946.
Per Cent. Per Cent.
Fort George Subdivision 80.00 Fort George Subdivision 93.33
Peace River Subdivision 66.66 Peace River Subdivision 76.92
" B " Division  59.60 Headquarters  54.54
" D " Division  45.00 " B " Division  52.54
Headquarters  39.20 " D " Division  51.42
" C " Division  38.80 " E " Division  47.82
" A " Division  38.00 " C " Division   47.54
.   " E " Division  16.00 " A " Division  29.82
ACCOUNTS BRANCH AND QUARTERMASTER'S STORES.
(Inspector D. D. Moses.)
During the calendar year 17,854 expense vouchers totalling $1,408,087.08 were
checked, recorded, and passed through the Accounts Branch.
The Quartermaster's Stores received and filled 1,783 police requisitions for 8,482
articles of equipment; also, thanks to a great deal of assistance from the Purchasing
Commission, we were able to continue and maintain our long-term arrangement with
the Gaol and Game Departments, each of whom has grown accustomed to look to us
for uniforms and equipment. However, the progressive difficulties surrounding supply
and the rising commodity costs may compel us to restrict this form of service unless
there is a very marked and early change in production conditions.
The Accounts Branch kept pay and allowance records for 896 employees during
1946.
TRAFFIC BRANCH.
After completion of an extensive training course at the Northwestern University
Traffic Institute in Evanston, 111., Sergeant J. G. M. Lock was appointed to this new and
important branch of the Force.
In his first report, Sergeant Lock reports:—
"A close relationship was established and maintained with the Department of
Public Works during 1946.
" Sixteen additional slow zones, including all sections of the Trans-Provincial
Highway from Pattullo Bridge to Lytton, were reported upon.
"A new type of warning-sign was suggested and has now been adopted for use in
indicating speed-limits.
"A new system of parking designed to meet conditions at Sidney, Vancouver Island,
is proving most satisfactory.
" The report on a survey of Burnaby Municipality, with appropriate recommendations, was submitted to the Department of Public Works.
" Parking regulations were instituted in various areas throughout the Province.
" Assistance was rendered to many municipalities in relation to their traffic problems, and by-laws were studied with a view to securing uniformity in municipal traffic
regulation.
" In July a short school of instruction for highway patrol officers was held at
Penticton.
" School zones, sign construction, intersections, and other matter relating to traffic
safety were studied and reported upon.
"Assistance in the matter of testing new equipment submitted for approval and
use within the Province was rendered to the Superintendent of Motor-vehicle^. REPORT OP PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
" Prior to their purchase for use at Boston Bar and Lytton, designs of emergency
sleds intended for rescue-work in difficult terrain were examined, tested, and approved."
Highway Patrol, 1946.
Total mileage   165,942
Total check-ups   113,264
Accidents investigated  479
Check-ups according to Police Divisions.
"A"
Division.
"B"
Division.
"C"
Division.
" E "
Division.
Total.
Motor-vehicle licences	
Motor-vehicle salesmen's licences	
Non-resident touring permits	
Chauffeurs' licences	
Drivers' licences	
Operation of motor-vehicles	
Motor-vehicle, motor-cycle, and trailer number-plates
Motor-vehicle head-lights, etc., tested	
Motor-vehicle brakes tested	
Warning signals	
Driving signals	
Rear-view mirrors	
Miscellaneous regulations	
" Highway Act " and regulations	
" Motor Carrier Act " and regulations	
Totals	
7,707
174
296
2,038
7,708
880
7,480
910
258
3,271
1,346
7,708
957
2,975
213
43,921
3,808
30
343
1,070
3,755
40
3,768
837
752
2,226
538
3,764
2,681
1,009
1,197
19
174
700
1,266
991
1,797
1,337
539
462
268
1,111
448
562
6,711
4
893
851
7,206
120
6,593
99
75
349
480
6,292
2,592
1,586
24,621
10,871
33,851
19,423
227
1,706
4,659
19,935
2,031
19,638
3,183
1,624
6,308
2,632
18,875
6,678
6,132
213
113,264
Convictions.
Convictions.
Fines.
Costs.
376
93
76
63
93
14
14
4
$3,102.50
" 788.50
895.00
2,464.00
310.00
82.00
378.75
85.00
198.20
174.50
187.73
24.50
34.25
13.75
733
$8,205.75
$1,612.64
Revenue collected as a Result op Check-ups throughout
the Province.
Revenue collected as a result of check-ups under the " Motor-vehicle Act " and the
" Motor Carrier Act" amounted to $11,034.86.
TRANSPORT BRANCH.
(Chief Mechanical Supervisor J. F. McNaught.)
Due to the number of police cars which have reached an age when expensive repairs
have become necessary, over-all fleet operative costs have risen from 3.7 cents in 1940
to 5.6 cents per mile in 1946—a condition only to be remedied by extensive replacements. (The percentage difference, 1.9 cents per mile, includes an increased mileage
factor of 400,718, or 1,902,894 against 2,303,612.) Q 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mileage.
Railway.
Cars.
Launch.
Horse.
Foot.
Miscellaneous.t
Total.
Police.
Other.
Police.
Other.
12,278
7,694
108,291
70,014
24,056
12,658
9,084
7,621
67,594
415,630
383,640
380,384
90,013
57,782
89,665
818,904
12,477
1,954
87
2,206
17,914
64,002
9,718
8,765
44,161
28,747
44,341
61,737
110,350
30,601
1,137
116
14,402
1,312
85
35
2,242
2,208
117,285
79,433
89,058
32,690
21,764
14,363
65,678
639,457
582,254
5,915
10,122
4,975
60
2,857
369
1,894
562
323
1,146
556,863
219,536
127,800
132
157,968
5,717
963,660
Totals	
251,696
2,303,612
38,360
53,285
6,587
4,702
420,261
279,385
3,357,888
* Includes Criminal Investigation Bureau.
f Steamship, public conveyances, air, dog, etc.
Comparative Mileage, 1945 and 1946.
1945.
1946.
More.
Less.
218,936
2,185,725
77,730
50,659
8,560
6,827
403,125
288,299
251,696
2,303,612
38,360
53,285
6,587
4,702
420,261
279,385
32,760
117,887
Cars—
Other	
39,370
Launches—
2,626
Other '.	
1,973
2,125
Foot	
17,136
8,914
Totals	
3,239,861
3,357,888
170,409
62,382
Comparative Mileage, Highway Patrol, 1945 and 1946.
1945.
1946.
More.
Less,
37,592
50,960
43,002
24,324
38,742
37,463
44,138
41,076
.1,150
13,497
1,136
16,752
Totals	
155,878
161,419
19,038
13,497
From the foregoing it will be observed that total mileage increased by some 118,027
miles. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
Q 11
Mechanical inspections carried out during the calendar year of 1946 were as
follows:—
Police
Cars.
Game
Cars.
Buses.
Total.
School.
Public
Carriers.
" A " Division—
J. F. McNaught	
60
65
84
83
54
6
2
7
2
35
142
63
85
30
245
134
137
9
101
W. A. Jaffray	
245
343
" C " Division—T. A. Fiander	
" E " Division—
291
179
E. E. Cave	
84
Totals	
346
17
355
525
1,243
Marine Section.
Motor launches and boats operated by the Force: PGD 1* (Alert Bay), PGD 2*
(Powell River), PGD 3* (Vancouver), PML 6 (Ganges), PML 7 (Ocean Falls), PML 8
(Port Alberni), PML 9 (Campbell River), PML 10 (Port Alice), PML 11 (Kaslo),
PML 15 (Prince Rupert).
Ten smaller craft are located at Sicamous, Squamish (two), McDame Creek, Uclue-
let, Cowichan Lake, Fort St. James, Kamloops, Atlin, and Prince George.
In April, 1946, a rowboat with inboard motor and trailer transportation was
delivered to Kamloops district where it has been of considerable use in dealing with
drowning accidents.
On August 13th, 1946, the M.V. " Brigadier Sutherland Brown " was purchased
from the War Assets Corporation for $21,000. This is a 60-foot motor-launch, and
after reconditioning it will be renamed the PML 16 and stationed at Port Alberni.
In November, 1946, the Game Commission requested the PGD 1 and PGD 2 be
returned to them in 1947. It is believed the PGD 1 will be a dual operation of Game
and Police with a Game Warden in charge.
On January 27th, 1946, a fire occurred on the PGD 2 at Powell River, and an
expenditure of $3,300 was incurred in reconditioning the vessel. As the engine had
outlived its usefulness, a new six-cylinder Buda marine Diesel engine was installed at
a cost of $4,170.    PGD 2 is now in excellent condition.
POLICE RADIO.
(Chief Radio Supervisor W. F. Conlan.)
As an index to its increasing value and importance, it should be pointed out that
in twelve months the branch handled nearly a million words over its network. Incidentally, in order to give police launches immediate contact with their bases, combined
radio-telephone and radio-telegraph equipment was installed on all units directed from
Ocean Falls, Alert Bay, Port Alice, and Powell River. Presently, as equipment becomes
available, it is intended to cover the entire coast.
By international arrangement a hook-up with the Washington State Highway
Patrol was established in July. This innovation, first of its kind on the North American Continent, has proved of immense value in dealing with emergency police business
throughout the United States.
* Dua'l operation—Police and Game Departments. Q 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
ASSISTANCE TO FEDERAL GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS.
Our friendly association with the Federal departments of Customs and Excise,
Immigration, Transport, Pensions, National Health, Indian Affairs, Mines and
Resources, Revenue, Wartime Prices and Trade Board, National Defence, Veterans'
Affairs, Radio Branch, etc., continues on an ever-increasing scale; in fact, deprived
of this assistance, Federal authority would often find operational costs entirely
prohibitive.
ASSISTANCE TO PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS.
"A" Division, Vancouver Island (Inspector R. Owens).—"We have been called
upon to make investigations or collect revenue for most Provincial Government departments, and I refer particularly to the following: Motor-vehicle Branch, Provincial
Secretary, Social Services and Child Welfare, Agriculture, Land, Game, and Fisheries."
" B " Division, South-eastern British Columbia (Inspector R. Harvey).—" Ninety-
three reports of fires to buildings and automobiles were prepared and forwarded to the
Fire Marshal's office. A large number of cases were investigated and reported upon
for the Inspector of Municipalities.
"At many points our men represent the Motor-vehicle Branch, for whom they
collected $86,908.79; however, the time has arrived when we should be afforded some
relief from obligations which progressively tend to interfere with normal police
requirements.
" Besides the usual inspection of hides, the checking of live stock in transit and
slaughter-houses has entailed considerable work."
"C" Division, Central British Columbia (Inspector E. Gammon):—-"Assistance
has been rendered to all Provincial departments, and I am happy to report the utmost
cordiality exists between ourselves and the officials of other departments."
" D" Division, Northern British Columbia (Inspector H. H. Mansell).—"Assistance has been rendered to the Department of Health, the Social Welfare Branch, Old-
age Pension Board, Superintendent of Child Welfare, Department of Finance, the
Official Administrators, Directors of Mental Hospitals, Coroners, and the Superintendents of Municipalities and Motor-vehicles, the British Columbia Game Commission,
and others."
"E" Division, Lower Mainland (Deputy Commissioner J. Shirras).—"It is safe
to say that practically every one of the departments of the Governments and their
various branches have been assisted in some manner during the year, and in this connection some offices call on us almost daily for assistance. In turn I may say we
always received the fullest co-operation from other departments."
Fort George Subdivision (Sergeant George Clark, M.c).—"Relations between the
Police and Game Departments are close and friendly. Every assistance is given to
them, and on their part they invariably reciprocate by conducting routine police
inquiries when visiting outlying districts. Other departments represented in this
connection also received a full measure of assistance.
Peace River Subdivision (Sub-Inspector G. J. Duncan).—"Throughout the year
many inquiries have been made for the Social Welfare, Agriculture, Fire Marshal,
Bureau of Economics and Statistics, and Health departments."
OTHER FORCES.
May I again dwell upon the personal relationship, firmly cemented by the passage
and experience of time, which exists between the various enforcement agencies of this
continent—The Royal.Canadian Mounted Police, the Provincial and municipal police REPORT OP PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946. Q 13
forces of Canada and their American counterparts, the railroad police of both countries,
and ourselves.
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH.
Inspector R. Peachey, M.C, in charge of the Criminal Investigation Department,
reports:—
" Increase in Crime.—Outstanding feature of our statistics is the increase in cases
prosecuted in Provincial Police Courts—13,819 as against 10,233 in 1945—35 per cent,
more. Indian cases rose by over a thousand, ' Government Liquor Act,' by 1,198,
'Motor-vehicle Act' by 368 (1,778 as against 1,410). Highway infractions nearly
doubled—795 as against 388.
" Types of Offences—Segregation.—Five thousand seven hundred and ninety-five
complaints of criminal offences were received by the Provincial Police (654 more than
the previous year), who preferred 3,868 charges. Total prosecutions under Dominion
and Provincial Statutes were 2,774 and 6,101 respectively. Convictions, including those
arising out of 1,171 charges laid under municipal by-laws, 13,082.
" Murders.—Eight homicides were investigated by the Force during 1946. Two
were ' murder and suicide' and five persons were charged with murder. One case
remains outstanding. There was also an instance of attempted murder at Nanaimo.
A brief history of each case appears at the end of this report.
" Complete details of prosecutions under the various offences are shown in
Appendix I.
" Finger-prints.—Our Finger-print Section, in charge of Assistant Supervisor
A. G. Carmichael, received 3,100 sets of finger-prints—987 of which were identified as
persons previously registered at the Section. Four hundred and thirty-seven records
were supplied for Court use. During the year we sent 1,453 sets of finger-prints to the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police, 634 sets each to the Calgary, Vancouver, and New
Westminster City Police departments, and 16 sets to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, D.C. We also forwarded to the Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Finger-print Section 208 sets of single finger-prints and added a like number to our
own collection. In the civilian field, and at their own request, 919 persons were fingerprinted for immigration purposes. One hundred and seventy-eight applicants for
enlistment with the Provincial Police were also finger-printed.
" Photography.—Altogether 14,747 photographs of prisoners were made during
the year; of these, 9,131 were distributed to our own districts and detachments. We
also prepared seven hundred and thirty-three 8 by 10 ' investigational' prints for the
Motor-vehicle Branch. One hundred and twenty-seven bad cheques were photographed
for our collection. Photographs were also made for use in Provincial Courts, the
Victoria City Police, Provincial Analyst, Police Training-school, Mr. H. MacLean,
examiner of questioned documents, Royal Canadian Navy, and the Royal Canadian
Air Force.
" Identification.—From scenes of crime thirty articles of various kinds were sent
in to the Section for examination.    Four were identified.
" Detective Sergeant J. A. Young was called upon to make firearms and bullet
comparisons in twelve separate cases:—
"Rex vs. Nobles (Murder): Identified an empty cartridge-case found in the
kitchen stove.    In this case the accused was found mentally unfit to stand trial.
" Rex vs. Gaudreau (Cattle-killing): The bullet, recovered from a horse, was
identified as having been fired from a specific gun.
"Rex vs. Gunn (Manslaughter) : Fatal bullet identified. Examination disclosed
weaknesses in the construction of the P-38 automatic pistol involved. Accused
acquitted. Q 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" Rex vs. Roediger (Attempted Murder): Sergeant J. A. Young testified at the
trial relative to the effects of shotgun pellets at varying distances.    Accused convicted.
"After examining a bullet found in connection with a cattle-killing, it was found
possible to determine the type of weapon from which it had been discharged.
" Identification was made of the weapon involved in the wounding of a 5-year-old
girl at Port Alberni.
" Three rifles were submitted as belonging to suspects in a complaint of cattle-
killing at Bralorne.    It was proved that none of the rifles fired the fatal bullet.
" In Rex vs. Bennet—Saanich case in which a dog was killed—the rifle was identified through comparison of the fatal bullet with a test bullet. The accused pleaded
guilty.
" In a complaint of horse-killing at Likely the bullet involved was sent to our
Bureau.    Examination permitted us to name the type of firearm employed.
" Rex vs. Russell (Murder) : Empty shotgun shells were identified as coming from
a particular shotgun.
" The senior analyst at the Department of Mines Laboratory, Mr. T. W. McConnel
Davis, assisted (mostly by ' comparative examination ') in forty-eight investigations.
In one case, where an attempt had been made to open a safe at Langley, minute traces
of metal were found on the blade of an axe discovered in a car in which two men were
riding. The analyst, through spectrographic analysis, was able to definitely state that
the traces were identical in composition with the metal of which the dial was made.
" Firearms Registration.—The N.C.O. in charge of the registration of firearms,
Assistant Chief Clerk F. Grimshaw, reports that the 1945 reregistration of firearms is
incomplete. There appears to have been a general shuffle of population throughout the
Dominion, and efforts were made to bring the requirements of the law relating to
reregistration to public attention through the medium of radio broadcasts, press
announcements, and notices posted in public buildings. A great deal of work also has
been done by ourselves and city and municipal police forces in an endeavour to locate
persons who have failed to reregister. The Vancouver City Police has the bulk of these
inquiries and has co-operated splendidly—something we greatly appreciate.
"Accidents.—During the year the Provincial Police investigated 389 fatal accidents. Of this number, drowning accounted for 124; automobiles, 86; logging, 48.
Of the remainder, 30 lost their lives as the result of fires, 20 were killed by trains,
and 7 were accidentally shot. The rest of the deaths were caused by a miscellaneous
series of strange and extraordinary circumstances.
" Missing Persons.—In the course of the year we were requested by relatives,
friends, or interested parties to inquire into the whereabouts, welfare, or the circumstances of 795 persons in different parts of the Province.
" Outstanding Cases.
"Kuczerian, George (Murder and Suicide).—January 3rd, 1946, the body of
George Kuczerian was found hanging from a beam in his dwelling at Kelowna. In a
bedroom of the same house the body of his wife was discovered under the bed. Her
head had been smashed and a knife was protruding from her stomach. Although it
was stated in medical evidence at the inquest that she would have died from the head
injuries, it was this wound which actually caused death. Letters written by the
deceased man and found on the kitchen table indicated a preconceived intention to kill
his wife. In its verdict, the Coroner's jury found George Kuczerian's death resulted
from ' hanging by his own act while in an unsound state of mind,' and that Lucy
Kuczerian ' came to her death at the hands of her husband.'
" Lee Hee (Deceased).—Answering a call to the New World Cafe, Vernon, at about
5.15 a.m., March 23rd, 1946, police found a Chinese, one Lee Hee, partner in the cafe REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946. Q 15
business, dead and in a sitting position with his back against a meat-cutting block in
the kitchen. He was clad only in underwear and dressing-gown. There was a bullet
wound on the right temple with powder marks surrounding it, and a corresponding
exit wound in the left temple about three-quarters of an inch higher. Grasped in
Lee's left hand was a large butcher-knife and on the floor by his right side was another
butcher-knife. There was a large pool of blood on the floor on his left side. Later, a
revolver was found under the left knee of the deceased, and in it were two empty
cartridges, one misfired and two loaded cartridges; the misfired cartridge was between
the two empty ones. Search of the premises produced only one bullet and there were
no signs of any disturbance.
" It was learned that Lee Hee had arrived back from Vancouver the previous
evening, had been in his room when the cafe was closed up at 3.30 a.m., all doors and
windows being securely locked by one of the employees. When the body was found in
the morning, the back door was not barred, as it should have been.
"Extensive inquiries were made and many persons interviewed; however, no
information likely to assist in clearing up the matter could be obtained. At the inquest
the jury returned a verdict that Lee Hee met his death through a gunshot wound in
the head inflicted by some person or persons unknown.
" Rex vs. Nobles, Evan (Murder).—March 12th, 1946, it was reported to the Vale-
mont Detachment that a man had been shot on a ranch 7 miles to the west. Investigation disclosed the deceased man was Gordon Burns, and that about 10 o'clock that
morning, as he and his wife were returning to the ranch-house from the ranch buildings, a youth, Evan Nobles, age 17, who had been placed with the Burns by the Welfare
Department at Prince George, had fired a high-powered rifle through a window of the
house, hitting Burns in the head. Further shots were fired at Mrs. Burns as she ran
for help. On arrival of the police it was found that Nobles had left the ranch and was
travelling toward the Burns trap-line. Located next day in a trapping cabin at Cache
Creek, he was placed under arrest. Committed for trial, Nobles appeared at the Prince
George Assizes, where, evidence being submitted with regard to his mental condition,
the jury returned a verdict to the effect that he was unfit to stand trial. Ordered to
be kept in close custody, Nobles was eventually transferred to the Provincial Mental
Hospital.
" Polak, Joseph (Murder and Suicide).—A telephone message received at 3.45 a.m.,
May 31st, 1946, by the Prince George District Detachment advised two people had
been killed in the Ferndale district. On investigation the body of Mrs. Grace Waters,
the school-teacher, was discovered not far from the school-house. Some distance
away, Joseph Polak, badly wounded in the face, was found in a dying condition.
A statement taken from a near-by resident, Conrad Stussi, told of having been
awakened about 12.45 a.m. by someone pounding on the door of his house and yelling
that he had killed the teacher. Stussi recognized the voice as that of Joe Polak, with
whom he worked and who often came to his home. Going to the door, Stussi heard
the man running away and then several shots. Investigating further, he and others
found Polak, badly injured, and later the body of Mrs. Waters. Medical evidence
established that Mrs. Waters had been stabbed.
"Rex vs. Manuel, Robert (Murder).—On Sunday morning, June 16th, 1946, an
aged Indian, Harry Verdan, suffering from injuries inflicted by Robert Manual, was
brought to Penticton Hospital. Although normally his condition would not be regarded
as serious, the old man was unfit to be interviewed. Presently, later in the day, he died
and police apprehended Manuel. At the Fall Assizes the jury returned a verdict of
manslaughter with a recommendation of mercy, and on November 4th, 1946, Manuel
was sentenced to eighteen months in Oakalla Prison Farm. Q 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
"Rex vs. Tommy, Aloysius (Murder).—Information being received in the early
morning that a drunken brawl on the Skwah Indian Reserve, involving Aloysius Tommy,
Garfield Kirby, Danny and Donald Charlie, had reached serious proportions, an immediate investigation was made. Garfield Kirby was found in a barn on the reserve; he
had suffered severe injuries to his face and head and was bleeding profusely. Removed
to hospital, he was pronounced dead on arrival.
"Aloysius Tommy, Danny Charlie, and Donald Charlie were held, and after further
investigation and questioning of witnesses, Aloysius Tommy was charged with the
murder of Garfield Kirby and committed for trial.
"Rex vs. Russell, Donald (Murder).—November 11th, 1946, in response to a
telephone message, the constable in charge of Deep Cove Detachment proceeded to
Woodlands and on arrival was informed that Robert .Teeporten had been found dead.
The deceased was lying on his back with his feet resting on a ramp leading to the back
door of a house he was constructing.
" Mrs. Teeporten was interviewed and stated she, her husband, and Donald Russell,
who had been staying with them while on a hunting-trip, had eaten lunch together.
Her husband left the house shortly after 1 o'clock to work on the house he was constructing, and Russell got some firewood, then dressed and left the house about 1.20
p.m., taking his shotgun with him. About 2.10 p.m. Russell ran into the house, out of
breath and very white looking. He asked for the keys to Teeporten's car and, when
given them, struck Mrs. Teeporten over the head with a piece of firewood and demanded
money. She gave him some from a kitchen cupboard, and Russell struck her again and
demanded more, which she obtained for him. Again being beaten with the piece of
wood, Mrs. Teeporten pretended she was dead, and Russell ran from the house and tried
to start the car. Mrs. Teeporten then left with her baby and went to a neighbour for
help. When the police arrived, Russell had disappeared. A warrant was issued for
the arrest of Donald Russell on a charge of murder, and after a widespread search he
was arrested in Vancouver and committed for trial.
"Rex vs. Houston, Davis (Murder).—On November 3rd, 1946, word was received
that Mrs. Beatrice Smith, employed as cook at a logging camp at Belize Inlet, had been
found dead in her bed. The indications were that she had been beaten to death. As
a result of investigation, Davis Houston was charged with murder and committed
for trial.
"Rex vs. Newberry, Stanley John, et al. (Armed Robbery).—September 4th, 1946,
Mr. F. Reynolds, of Nanaimo, reported he had been held up at the point of a gun at
12.40 a.m. by three youths. After investigation Stanley John Newberry, Ivor Harold
Hunt, and John Humphrey Brenton were apprehended and charged with the offence.
Newberry and Hunt pleaded guilty and were sentenced to five years in the British
Columbia penitentiary; Newberry was also ordered ten strokes of the paddle. Brenton,
on the evidence available, was given one year's suspended sentence.
"Rex vs. Nelson, Thomas (Attempted Murder).—Monday, April 29th, 1946, at 2
a.m., Constable D. Colquhoun, on a general patrol of the business section of Nanaimo,
seeing a suspicious character loitering at the back of a warehouse, called upon him to
stop. The response was a shot from a sawn-off shotgun which wounded Colquhoun in
the face. Subsequently, one Thomas Nelson was apprehended on Nanaimo Indian
Reserve and charged with attempted murder. Thereafter, at the Nanaimo Assize, he
was found guilty of wounding with intent and sentenced to ten years' imprisonment."
CONCLUSION.
In conclusion, as I am on the eve of retirement and this is the last annual report
which I shall be privileged to sign as Commissioner of Provincial Police and Inspector
of Gaols, may I venture to express my sincere personal thanks to the Honourable the REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946. Q 17
Premier, the members of the Cabinet, and yourself for an unvarying interest in the
welfare of the Force. Of personal kindliness and encouragement there has been no
end, and for all these things and the unstinted assistance of Deputy Commissioner
John Shirras, the Inspectors, non-commissioned officers and men, and all those connected
with the administration of the Provincial gaols I find it quite impossible to offer
sufficient acknowledgment or thanks—however, one can look back over the years and,
with pride and affection, thankfully observe what co-operation and a common purpose
has successfully brought about.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
T. W. S. PARSONS,
Commissioner of Provincial Police.  APPENDICES  REPORT
OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
Q 21
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BRITISH COLUMBIA.
APPENDIX II.
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH DUTY ANALYSIS,
JANUARY 1st TO DECEMBER 31ST, 1946.
Investigations.
"A"
Division.
"B"
Division.
"C"
Division.
"D"
Division.
"E "
Division.
Fort
George
Subdivision.
Peace
River
Subdivision.
Total.
144
11,418
28
96
3
13
32
96
205
4
2
52,684
10
34
284
3
1
42
5,298
2
111
1
2
3
34
78
167
28,900
5
46
179
622
1
11
4,986
5
50
6
36
104
41
37,198
1
5
32
162
1
548
2
1
63
3,163
1
26
1
1
6
62
118
1
1
12,034
1
2
21
54
5
1
29
11,230
72
198
4
160
5
40
201
653
1
2
47,990
4
575
1,859
815
134
37
4
1,861
4
10
7
17
18
4,662
1
11
56
8
43
2
587
14
30
1
11
16
42
1
5,695
25
8
192
17
35
5
£95
38 543
126
521
10
176
14
166
574
1,244
7
5
189,163
2
52
727
2,786
29
Investigations, Provincial Gov-
2,069
Investigations, Federal Government	
Provincial Secretary's Depart-
141
3
37
Totals	
65,057
35,491
43,189
15,561
64,009
6,702
6,681
236,690 REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946. Q 27
APPENDIX III.
COMMENDATIONS.
The following non-commissioned officers and men were commended in General Orders for
special services performed during 1946: —
Eegt. General
No. Rank and Name. Order.
562. Constable Quigley, T. A  327*
663. Constable Gray, J. D. L  327
918. Constable Redhead, G  327
873. Constable Brue, T  327
625. Constable Anderson, E. D  _ 327
1004. Constable Brett, R. A .  327
253. Detective Sergeant Ledoux, C '.  329*
524. Detective Sergeant Young, J. A  329*
714. Constable White, J. R  329*
921. Constable Maxwell, T. R  329
948. Constable Fletcher, W. D..  329
985. Constable Attree, K. A  329*
675. Skipper Brooksbank, F. H  330
448. Engineer Gurney, T. B  330
847. Radio Operator Ward, J  330
912. Constable Piers, C. E  330
918. Constable Redhead, G  332
507. Corporal Slater, F  332
1009. Constable Lee, C. N. S  332
1043. Constable Begley, G. R  334
769. Constable Irving, W. B  334
963. Constable Cofield, R. J  336
772. Constable Gregory, J. F  338
839. Constable Pye, D. H  338
909. Constable Smith, L. G  340
1019. Constable Johannson, B. L  340
1065. Constable Williams, D. B ,  340
251. Constable Grant A  340
861. Constable Calvert, A ■  341
368. Corporal DeWitt, N. O  341
958. Constable Cawdell, C. A. B  341
994. Constable Russell, G. E. W  341
59. Detective Constable Williams, J. A  341
978. Constable Krivenko, A  341*
Inspector Owens, R  341
573. Detective Constable Holm, E  341
337. Sergeant McKay, W. J  341
772. Constable Gregory, J.   341
1082. Constable Macdonald, A  341
904. Constable Bacon, H. F  341
997. Constable Pringle, J. B  341
1005. Constable Hovind, G  341
627. Constable Jackson, J. S  341
708. Constable Ellis, R. M  341
* Awarded grant from Reward Fund. Q 28 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
APPENDIX IV.
PROVINCIAL POLICE LONG SERVICE AND GOOD CONDUCT MEDALS.
Pursuant to B.C. Police Regulation No. 90, the medal for long service and good conduct
was awarded to the following officers, non-commissioned officers, and men:—
Accumulated Police
Regt Service—S.S. 1, 2, 3.
No. Rank and Name. (Years.)
Commissioner Parsons, T. W. S., O.B.E., o.ST.J.   34
Deputy Commissioner Shirras, J  34
Inspector Owens, R.  34
Inspector Peachey, R., M.C.  26
Inspector Clark, C.   30
Inspector Harvey, R  22
Inspector Mackenzie, C. K.   23
Inspector Swanson, F  20
Inspector Mansell, H. H  32
44. Sub-Inspector Russell, J  34
75. Sub-Inspector Duncan, G. J  32
202. Staff-Sergeant Johnson, G. A _._  23
298. Staff-Sergeant Macdonald, A  20
293. Staff-Sergeant Thomson, W. J., d.s.m  20
440. Sergeant Halcrow, D  25
253. Detective Sergeant Ledoux, C  21
265. Sergeant. Jacklin, C. C  21
210. Sergeant Hatcher, W. J  24
262. Sergeant Nelson, R. S., M.C :  21
186.  Sergeant Clark, G. H., M.C  24
315. Sergeant Herdman, T  24
126. Sergeant Service, S  26
337.  Sergeant McKay, W. J  21
297. Sergeant Potterton, L. A. N  20
136.  Corporal Baker, T. R  26
59. Detective Constable Williams, J. A  33
153. Constable Sharpe, G. C  26
215. Constable Foote, R. C. B., M.C  22
321. Constable Green, J. M., M.b.e  20
282. Constable Martin, M  21
313. Constable Hassard, R. H  20
•     269. Constable Quesnel, J. A  22
523. Constable Gurr, C. J .'.  26
528. Constable Hutchinson, P. R  24
542. Constable Kelsberg, P  34
546. Constable Waddell, C. J  26
270. Constable Smith, W  28
134. Chief Clerk Patterson, E  26
303. Assistant Chief Clerk Kennelly, T  20
327. Senior Clerk Embleton, C. V  20
201. Assistant Chief Clerk Mead, G. D    23
651. Armourer Marshall, R  25 REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
Q 29
APPENDIX V.
BRITISH COLUMBIA POLICE NOMINAL ROLL AS AT MIDNIGHT
DECEMBER 31st, 1946.
Headquarters.
Commissioner—T. W. S. Parsons, o.b.e., o.st.j., Victoria.
Deputy Commissioner—J. Shirras, Vancouver.
Commissioner's Office— Regt. No.
Inspector Clark, C  	
Chief Clerk Patterson, E     134
Miss P. S. Byrom (stenographer).— 	
Radio Branch—
Radio Supvr. Conlan, W. F    493
Chief Radio Opr. Putland, F.'_     438
Criminal Investigation Branch—
Inspector Peachey, R., M.C	
Det. Sergt. Ledoux, C    253
Det. Sergt. Young, J. A     524
Sergt. Butler, W. J., A.F.C     417
Det. Corpl. Sweeney, J. C     490
Miss D. P. Neate  (stenographer) .... 	
Miss T. M. Vye (stenographer)  	
Miss M. R. Smith (stenographer).... 	
Miss G. A. Etheridge (stenographer)   	
Miss F. G. Campbell (stenographer)   	
Mrs. V. E. Davidson (stenographer)  	
Finger-print Bureau—
Asst. F.P. Supvr. Carmichael, A. G.    341
Sr. F.P. Opr. Edwards, J. W. (Vancouver)      338
1/Cst. Pearson, G. S     579
Miss D. Lancaster  (stenographer)- 	
Firearms Registration Bureau—
Asst. Chief Clerk Grimshaw, F     445
Miss M. E. Brinn (stenographer)._.. 	
Miss M. D. Rogerson (stenographer)	
Firearms Registration Bureau—
Continued. Regt. No.
Miss J. Folbigg (stenographer)  	
Mrs. J. R. Janis  (stenographer)  	
Accounts Branch—
Paymaster Moses, D. D  	
Sr. Clerk Embelton, C. V     327
Sr. Clerk Campbell, C. C     812
1/Clerk Excell, L. B  ...    876
3/Clerk Allen, E. E  1026
Miss J. N. Smith (stenographer)  	
Miss E. M. Butler (stenographer)... 	
Miss M. Ashby  (stenographer)  	
Mrs. P. M. Boyes  (stenographer) _.. 	
Quartermaster's Stores—
1/Cst. Forbes, A. C     629
1/Cst. Kirkpatrick, D. C     710
Ordnance Branch—
Armourer Marshall, R.     651
Transport Branch—
Chief Mech. Supvr. McNaught, J. F.    409
Mechanic Jaffray, W. A     583
Mrs. E. Mcintosh (stenographer).___ 	
Mrs. M. Johnson (stenographer)  	
Traffic Branch—
Sergt. Lock, J. G. M     453
Miss M. G. R. Turner (stenographer)  	
Police Training-school—
Inspector Mackenzie, C. K.  	
1/Cst. McVie, W., m.m	 Q 30
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
"A" Division.
Officer Commanding—Inspector R. Owens, Victoria.
Divisional Clerk—Asst. Chief Clerk Kennelly, T., Victoria, Regt. No. 303.
Detective Constable—Holm, E., Victoria, Regt. No. 573.
Stenographer—Mrs. W. E. Overy, Victoria.
Courtenay District—
Regt. No.
....    658
     665
Motor Traffic Detail—
1/Cst. Lockie, J., Victoria	
1/Cst. Ring, R., Nanaimo	
Victoria District—
Sergt. Jacklin, C. C, Victoria  265
Corpl. Backler, L., Victoria  470
1/Cst. Winegarden, N. J., Victoria  415
1/Cst. Daubeny, H. C. C, Victoria ... 437
1/Cst. Bond, V. J., Victoria  458
1/Cst. Smyth, H., Victoria  578
1/Cst. Dryden, C. S., Victoria  779
1/Cst. Bruce, W. A., Victoria  787
3/Cst. Stark, W., Victoria  1046
3/Cst. Stephen, N. J. L., Victoria.-- 1077
3/Skpr. Lockwood, E. W., Ganges.... 492
Spec. Cst. McGouley, T. R., Ganges	
1/Cst. Gibault, J. G., Sidney  709
1/Cst. Sinclair, R. W., Sidney  838
1/Cst. Quinn, A. W., Sooke  ,793
Duncan District—
Corpl. Jeeves, F. L., Duncan  483
1/Cst. Sarsiat, E. G., Duncan  697
1/Cst. McNamara, J. K., Duncan  806
3/Cst. Adams, L., Duncan  1079
Spec. Cst. Dick, G. S., Duncan  	
1/Cst. Kelly, T. J., Chemainus  794
1/Cst. Clunk, F. J., Chemainus  852
1/Cst. Grant, A., Cowichan Lake  251
1/Cst. Ross, R., Shawnigan Lake  515
1/Cst. Meredith-Jones, J. H., Youbou 834
Nanaimo District—
Sub-Inspector Russell, J., Nanaimo.. 44
Sergt. Pomeroy, A. J., Nanaimo  372
1/Cst. Martin, M., Nanaimo  282
1/Cst. Wellens, A. S., Nanaimo  385
1/Cst. Vickers, A. E., Nanaimo  605
1/Cst. Colquhoun, D., Nanaimo  637
1/Cst. Stewart, T. A., Nanaimo  639
1/Cst. Healey, W. L., Nanaimo  609
1/Cst. Weeks, G. D., Nanaimo  911
1/Cst. Brassard, G. M., Nanaimo..... 927
3/Cst. Higginbottom, E. P., Nanaimo 1085
Spec. Cst. Barnes, G. E., Nanaimo.... 	
1/Cst. Munkley, B. E., Ladysmith _ 716
1/Cst. Cunningham, A. B., Ladysmith 830
1/Cst. Clay, L. W., Qualicum  669
1/Cst. Parsley, H. J., Parksville  613
Regt. No.
Sergt. Hatcher, W. J., Courtenay.     210
1/Cst. Mathieson, M., Courtenay     616
1/Radio Opr. Harrison, R. P., Courtenay      809
1/Cst. Corson, E., Courtenay    858
1/Cst. Cawdell, F. L., Courtenay    895
1/Cst. Ehly, J. M., Courtenay     960
3/Cst. Fornelli, F. A., Courtenay..... 1089
1/Cst. Ennals, C. E., Cumberland- 885
Corpl. Davidson, W. H., Alert Bay.._ 403
3/Cst. Harris, C. E. E., Alert Bay.... 1029
3/Cst. Robinson, R. S., Alert Bay.... 1052
3/Radio Opr. Bromley, C. B., Alert
Bay   1058
Corpl.  McAlpine, M.  N.,  Campbell
River      533
1/Cst.   Beaumont,  N.  A.,  PML  9,
Campbell River      628
1/Cst.   Trant,   W.   F.   C,   PML 9,
Campbell River      622
1/Cst.  Morrison,  W.   R.,  Campbell
River      894
3/Cst. Kent, G. F., Campbell River.. 1067
3/Skpr. Bell, E. W., Port Alice     798
1/Radio Opr. Muskett, A. H., Port
Alice       807
West Coast District—
Sergt. Service, S., Port Alberni     126
Corpl. Howe, J., Port Alberni     365
1/Cst. Green, J. M., M.B.E., Port Alberni       321
1/Cst. Hutchison, P. R., Port Alberni 528
1/Cst. Currie, W. J., Port Alberni.... 635
1/Radio Opr. Ramsay, C. N., Port
Alberni      718
1/Cst. Mann, H., Port Alberni     822
2/Cst. Phillips, G. A., Port Alberni... 989
3/Cst. Allen, W. F. D., Port Alberni 1076
3/Skpr. Brooksbank, F. H., PML 8,
Port Alberni      675
2/Engnr.   Gurney,  T.  B.,  PML  8,
Port Alberni      448
2/Radio   Opr.   Humphreys,   P.   J.,
PML 8, Port Alberni    965
1/Cst. Georgeson, W. A., Port Alberni       535
Spec. Cst. Klinick, N., Port Alberni 	
1/Cst. Domay, E. C, Ucluelet     933
3/Cst. Cowen, R. P., Zeballos  1061 REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
Q 31
" B " Division.
Officer Commanding—Inspector R. Harvey, Nelson.
Divisional Clerk—Asst. Chief Clerk Smith, J. L., Nelson, Regt. No. 439.
Radio Operator—Sr. Radio Opr. Kidd, E. G., Nelson, Regt. No. 538.
Detective—Det. Cst. Quigley, T. A., Nelson, Regt. No. 562.
Stenographer—Miss P. R. Ryan, Nelson.
Motor Traffic Detail—                          Regt. No.
Asst. Mech. Supvr. Scales, T., Nelson   600
1/Cst. Elphick, N. H., Nelson     735
1/Cst. Atchison, C. H., Penticton.     819
1/Cst. Gregory, J. F., Yahk     772
Boundary District—
Sergt. Halcrow, E., Penticton     440
Corpl. Murray, W. C, Penticton     424
1/Cst. Neff, D. G., Penticton     666
1/Radio Opr. Fleet, W. G., Penticton    660
1/Cst. McKim, S. A., Penticton     726
1/Cst. Brandon, J. Q. W., Penticton   765
2/Cst. Attree, K. A., Penticton     985
3/Cst. Tobiasen, T. R., Penticton...... 1069
3/Cst. Teskey, N. E., Penticton  1087
1/Cst. Dillabough, A. J., Hedley     558
1/Cst. Haynes, B. H., Keremeos     682
1/Cst. Nelson, F. E., Oliver    586
3/Cst. Clayton, R. M., Oliver  1040
2/Cst. Benton, W. E., Princeton    990
3/Cst. Hare, W. F., Princeton  1056
Spec. Cst. Mercer, R. J., Princeton... 	
1/Cst. Cartmell, H., Summerland.....    419
Grand Forks District—
Corpl. McKay, E. F., Grand Forks... 456
1/Cst. Pelton, G. A., Grand Forks ... 862
1/Cst. Cox, J. E. D., Grand Forks.....    871
Spec. Cst. Short, H. C, Grand Forks 	
1/Cst. Rogers, D. G., Greenwood.     795
East Kootenay District—
Sergt. McKay, W. J., Cranbrook     337
Corpl. MacBrayne, M. B., Cranbrook   486
1/Cst. Shiell, R., Cranbrook     506
1/Cst. Quaite, T. C. S., Cranbrook _    680
East Kootenay District—Continued. Regt. No.
1/Cst. Bacon, H. F., Cranbrook     904
3/Cst. Macdonald, A., Cranbrook...... 1082
Spec. Cst. Hoy, I. B., Cranbrook	
1/Cst. Howarth, P. W., Invermere..    883
Corpl. Slater, F., Kimberley     507
1/Cst. Spiers, D. A., Kimberley.—.   910
3/Cst. Clinton, T. G., Kimberley  1041
3/Cst. Smith, E. E., Kimberley  1055
Fernie District—
Corpl. Brabazon, A. G., Fernie     434
1/Cst. Lemm, W. I., Fernie    555
1/Cst. Ivens, R. J., Fernie     952
2/Cst. Pringle, J. B., Fernie...     997
3/Cst. Hovind, G. E., Fernie  1005
1/Cst. Jackson, J. S., Natal     627
1/Cst. Ellis, R. M., Natal     708
West Kootenay District—
Corpl. White, J., Nelson     402
1/Cst. McLauchlin, W. G., Nelson...   418
1/Cst. Blaney, G. S., Nelson     552
3/Cst. Ruggles, W. M., Nelson  1063
1/Cst. Payne, J. R., Castlegar     776
2/Cst. Borodula, A., Castlegar    996
1/Cst. Doree, L. A., Creston    360
2/Cst. Cline, G. R., Creston  1002
1/Cst. Martin, W., Crescent Valley..   786
1/Cst. Smith, A. G., Fruitvale     656
1/Cst. Glaholm, T. W., Kaslo.—..    566
1/Cst. Butler, H. J., Nakusp     571
1/Cst. Roberts, J. A., New Denver..    831
1/Cst. Parsons, M. S., Rossland     713
2/Cst. Dodd, W. J., Rossland     992
1/Cst. Pye, D. H., Salmo     829
1/Cst. McKay, R. B., Trail     474 Q 32
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" C " Division.
Officer Commanding—Inspector E. Gammon, Kamloops.
Divisional Clerk—Asst. Chief Clerk Gunn, A. E. A., Kamloops, Regt. No. 411.
Radio Operator—Sr. Radio Opr. Reith, S. V., Kamloops, Regt. No. 422.
Detective—Det. Cst. Todd, J. W., Kamloops, Regt. No. 727.
Stenographer—Mrs. M. J. Harris, Kamloops.
Motor Traffic Detail— Regt. No.
Asst. Mech. Supvr. Fiander, T. A.,
Kamloops    447
1/Cst. Gurr, C. J., Vernon  523
1/Cst. Bell, J., Kamloops  737
Kamloops District—
S/Sergt. McClinton, J. H., Kamloops 367
1/Cst. Heatley, G. D., Kamloops    - 559
1/Cst. Teal, W. T., Kamloops  805
Spec.  Cst.  Schoening, H.  0., Kamloops    	
1/Cst. Ball, G. D., Blue River  837
1/Cst. Waddell, C. J., Chase  546
1/Cst. Fraser, T. C, Merritt  706
1/Cst. Roberts, W. P., Red Pass — 938
Kamloops City—
Corpl. Jennings, H. J., Kamloops   335
1/Cst. Forrester, R., Kamloops  770
1/Cst. Cofield, R. J., Kamloops  963
3/Cst. Whitehead, C. A., Kamloops . 1006
3/Cst. MacColl, D. C, Kamloops ..... 1014
3/Cst. Williams, D. G., Kamloops ... 1027
3/Cst. Hall, I. E., Kamloops   1034
3/Cst. Parnell, G. A., Kamloops  1073
3/Cst. Porter, J. W., Kamloops  1094
North-east Kootenay District—
Sergt. Barwis, C. W. A., Revelstoke    352
1/Cst. Macdonald, M., Revelstoke-..-    574
1/Radio Opr. Patrick, H. C, Revelstoke       880
3/Cst. King, J., Revelstoke     1013
3/Cst. Mathews, T. A., Revelstoke - 1080
1/Cst. Craig, W. A., Golden     782
Cariboo District—
S/Sergt.    Fairbairn,   A.,    Williams
Lake        33
1/Cst. Rosberg, E. L., Williams Lake    902
3/Radio Opr. Filtness, J. W., Williams Lake   1054
3/Cst. Jensen, K. J., Williams Lake 1081
1/Cst. Wales, E. A., Quesnel     614
3/Cst. Hacking, G. N., Quesnel    1072
1/Cst. Turnbull, R. H., Alexis Creek    955
Cariboo District—Continued. Regt. No.
1/Cst. Buxton, L. P., Barkerville-... 728
2/Cst. McDonald, J. F., Wells     984
Yale District—
Sergt. Jarvis, E. A., Ashcroft     375
1/Cst. Marsh, T. B., Ashcroft     698
1/Cst. Dykes, J. R., Ashcroft     907
1/Cst. Grahame, M. G., Bralorne ....    526
3/Radio  Opr.  Ingram,  D.  B.,  Bralorne   1064
1/Cst. Leighton, R. K., Bridge River    610
1/Cst. Olson, L. I., Clinton     511
1/Cst. Thomson, D. S. E., Lillooet...    428
1/Cst. Blakiston-Gray, J., Lytton—    652
1/Cst.    Godfrey,    M.    R.,    Spences
Bridge        841
Vernon District—
Sergt. Nelson, R. S., Vernon      262
Corpl. Knox, J. A., Vernon     500
1/Cst. Duncan, A., Vernon     721
1/Cst. Drysdale, P. Q., Vernon      865
1/Cst. Dale, H. M., Vernon     877
1/Cst. Calvert, A., Vernon     861
1/Cst. Gibbon, A. E., Vernon      947
2/Cst. Krivenko, A., Vernon .     978
3/Cst. Regan, F. X. J., Vernon  1020
3/Cst. Dunk, E. W., Vernon  1039
1/Cst.   Hayward,   R.   H.   P.,   Armstrong      412
3/Cst. Newhouse, A. P., Armstrong 1091
1/Cst. Drysdale, W., Enderby     814
1/Cst. Quesnel, J. A., Lumby     269
1/Cst. Howell, D. H., Salmon Arm.. 826
3/Cst. Payne, P. B., Salmon Arm — 1017
1/Cst. Aylward, W. P., Sicamous   ___    738
Kelowna District—
S/Sergt. Thomson, W. J., Kelowna . 293
1/Cst. Wyman, G. A., Kelowna .—. 549
1/Cst. Murdoch, J. W., Kelowna —    557
1/Cst. Poole, J. G., Kelowna     781
1/Cst. Baker, T. F., Kelowna '   905
3/Cst. Jessop, A. J. W., Kelowna .... 1059
3/Cst. Garbutt, W. G., Kelowna  1083
Spec. Cst. Thorburn, H., Kelowna ... 	 REPORT OF PROVINCIAL POLICE, 1946.
Q 33
" D " Division.
Officer Commanding—Inspector H. H. Mansell, Prince Rupert.
Divisional Clerk—Asst. Chief Clerk Mead, G. D., Prince Rupert, Regt. No. 201.
Detective—Det. Corpl. Lashmar, A. T., Prince Rupert, Regt. No. 425.
Radio Operator—Sr. Radio Opr. MacDonald, G. J. G., Prince Rupert, Regt. No. 587.
Radio Operator—1/Radio Opr. Ward, J., Prince Rupert, Regt. No. 847.
Prince Rupert District— Regt. No.
S/Sergt.    Johnson,    G.    A.,   Prince
Rupert  ...     202
1/Cst.    Anderson,    E.    D.,    Prince
Rupert      625
3/Skpr. Good, R. C, PML 15, Prince
Rupert      835
2/Engnr. Moorehouse, T., PML 15,
Prince Rupert      848
3/Cst. Cowgill, J., PML 15, Prince
Rupert   1018
1/Cst. Nelson, G. S., Stewart     851
1/Cst. Jamieson, H. 0., Atlin     962
1/Cst. Redhead, G., Telegraph Creek    918
Corpl. Brunton, T. D., Terrace     449
1/Cst. Richmond, W. H., Terrace.—    919
1/Cst. Dale-Johnson, V. L. E., Mas-
set        712
1/Cst. Walker, F. J., Queen Charlotte      867
1/Cst. Simons, G. L., Port Edward..    671
Prince Rupert City—
Sergt.  Potterton,  L.  A.  N.,  Prince
Rupert      297
Corpl. Taylor, A. H., Prince Rupert    530
1/Cst.    VanMeer,    A.    N.,    Prince
Rupert      870
1/Cst. Brue, T., Prince Rupert     873
Prince Rupert City—Continued. Regt. No.
1/Cst. Fletcher, J. M., Prince Rupert 917
3/Cst. Davidson, A. J., Prince Rupert 1028
3/Cst.   Johnstone,   H.   D.,   Prince
Rupert  .'.  1047
3/Cst. Rossiter, A. L., Prince Rupert 1062
3/Cst. Kyte, R. E. P., Prince Rupert 1086
Spec.   Cst.   DeWitt,   K.   N.,   Prince
Rupert   	
Ocean Falls District—
Corpl. Norman, H. L., Ocean Falls.. 423
3/Skpr.   Mason,   W.   J.,   P.M.L.   7,
Ocean Falls  ...     813
1/Radio Opr. Hicks, J. M., P.M.L. 7,
Ocean Falls      588
3/Engnr.   Gorrie,   C.   D.,  P.M.L.   7,
Ocean Falls      810
2/Cst. Medley, H. E. J., Ocean Falls    975
1/Cst. Bradley, E., Bella Coola     855
Hazelton District—
Sergt. Henry, J. A., Smithers     414
1/Cst. Stevens, M., Smithers     930
3/Cst. Zorn, A. E., Smithers  1024
3/Radio    Opr.    Mackie,    I.    L.    G.,
Smithers   1075
1/Cst. Strouts, R. W., Burns Lake..    915
3/Cst. Lee, E. F., Burns Lake  1050
1/Cst. West, W. A. A., Hazelton.....   824
I
" E " Division.
Officer Commanding—Deputy Commissioner J. Shirras, Vancouver.
Asst. to D/Commr.—Inspector F. Swanson, Vancouver.
Divisional Clerk—Asst. Chief Clerk Wellings, J. E., Vancouver, Regt. No. 399.
Detective—Det. Corpl. Macdonald, J. A., Vancouver, Regt. No. 489.
Radio Operator—Sr. Radio Opr. Weld, B. C, Vancouver, Regt. No. 495.
Detective—Det. Corpl. Kelsberg, P., Vancouver, Regt. No. 542. .   .
Radio Operator—1/Radio Opr. Bulman-Fleming, S. E., Vancouver, Regt. No. 808.
Clerk—1/Clerk Ferguson, W. C, Vancouver, Regt. No. 901.
Stenographer—Miss A. Welch, Vancouver.
Motor Traffic Detail—                         Regt. No. Vancouver District—Continued. Regt. No.
Mech.   Supvr.   Macdonald,   H.   D., 1/Cst. Bradner, F. E., Vancouver—    567
Vancouver   .  520              1/Cst. Home, A. G., Vancouver     723
Mechanic Cave, E. E., Vancouver.-. 702              1/Cst. Spall, A. E., Vancouver     801
1/Cst. Estlin, C. E., New Westmin- 3/Cst. Johnson, D. B. G., Vancouver 1021
ster — '....'.   . ... 914 3/Cst. Wickens, K. H., Vancouver.... 1044
1/Cst. James, W., Chilliwaek H.P... 926              3/Clerk Ehly, J. J., Vancouver  1049
Vancouver District— Miss L. K. Reid (steno.),Vancouver _x_
Sergt. Hooker, J. W., Vancouver.  388 1/Cst. Dowling, J. T. E., University   624
Corpl. Phipps, M. T., Vancouver.  446 3/Cst. Martin, O. E., University— 1093
1/Cst. Orchard, W.C, Vancouver.... 502              1/Cst. Malins, E. M., Squamish. ,   839
3 '•'"'."' ■
. Q 34
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" E " Division—Continued.
Vancouver District—Continued. Regt. No.
3/Cst. Thomson, A. R., Squamish.... 1015
1/Cst. Purdy, J. W., Sechelt     998
Spec. Cst. Taylor, G. R., Sechelt	
New Westminster District—
Sergt. Woods-Johnson, F.  B., New
Westminster     4301
1/Cst. Vise, R., New Westminster.—    556
1/Cst.   Causton,   I.   R.,  New  Westminster      677
1/Cst. Duddy, H., New Westminster 956
1/Cst.   Nelson,   N.   C.   B.,   Pattullo
Bridge     733
3/Cst. Jensen, K. S., Pattullo Bridge 1057
3/Cst. Dobson, C, Pattullo Bridge. 1070
Spec. Cst. Anderson, N. V., Pattullo
Bridge 	
1/Cst. Saunders, F. G., Port Coquitlam  '..     662
3/Cst. Begley, G. R., Port Coquitlam 1043
1/Cst. McGary, J. D., Coquitlam.....    825
3/Cst. Jack, D. J., Coquitlam  1035
Corpl. Baker, T. R., Essondale     135
Corpl. Kirkup, J., Essondale     387
1/Cst. Irving, W. B., Haney     769
1/Cst. Gibbon, N. D., Haney     931
1/Cst. Johnston, J. A., Langley     541
2/Cst. Thorsteinson, F. C, Langley 1001
3/Cst. Holme, G. S., Langley  1074
1/Cst. Gray, J. D. L., Mission     663
1/Cst. Cummins, J. N., Mission     853
1/Cst. Piers, C. E., Mission    912
Chilliwaek District—
Sergt. Raybone, S. E., Chilliwaek...    369
1/Radio Opr. Dobell, J. D., Chilliwaek    .     599
1/Cst. Fox, A. E. P., Chilliwaek     602
1/Cst. Fleming, B. B., Chilliwaek......    840
1/Cet. Cottingham, W. L., Chilliwaek 932
2/Cst. Fielders, J. A., Chilliwaek.....    970
3/Cst. Milnes, B. B., Chilliwaek  1066
3/Cst. Harding, R., Chilliwaek  1092
Corpl. McWhirter, D. R., Abbotsford 503
3/Cst. Armstrong, J. H., Abbotsford 1036
1/Cst. Ferguson, S., Agassiz     856
3/Cst. Tooley, W. A. T., Agassiz..... 1048
1/Cst.   Bonner,   H.   C,   Alexandra
Bridge      864
1/Cst. Sutherland, A. J., Hope     695
Spec. Cst. Pierce, F. G., Hope  	
1/Cst. Walker, R., Sumas     704
North Vancouver District—
Sergt. Herdman, T., North Vancouver    .     315
Det. Cst. Williams, J. A., North Vancouver       59
1/Cst. Sharpe, G. C., North Vancou-
vier  1     153
North Vancouver District—
Continued. Regt. No.
1/Cst. Smith, P. B., North Vancouver     362
1/Cst. Murphy, E., North Vancouver     443
1/Cst.    Featherstonhaugh,   M.    R.,
North Vancouver     444
1/Cst. McDonald, D. A., North Vancouver      683
1/Cst. Nott, S. T., North Vancouver    908
1/Cst. Felker, D. B., North Vancouver     916
3/Cst.   Mcintosh,   D.   A.  D.,   North
Vancouver   1012
3/Cst. Knight, D. A., North Vancouver   1023
3/Cst. Wicklow, D. C, North Vancouver   1078
1/Cst. Murdoch, W., Deep Cove     766
1/Cst. Payne, D. A. B., Lynn Creek    640
Burnaby District—
S/Sergt. Macdonald, A., Burnaby.- 298
Sergt. Williamson, E. C, Burnaby.. 405
Det. Corpl. Emsley, G. J., Burnaby.. 509
1/Cst. Foote, R. C. B., Burnaby...  215
1/Cst. Twist, H., Burnaby  607
1/Cst. Abrahamson,-A. A., Burnaby 874
1/Cst. Gilbert, R., Burnaby  890
1/Cst. Tuttle, A. J., Burnaby  892
1/Cst. Smith, L. G., Burnaby  909
1/Cst. Klick, H. E., Burnaby  923
1/Cst. Turtle, E. M. C, Burnaby  959
3/Cst. Lamb, J. F., Burnaby  1011
3/Cst. Johannson, B. L., Burnaby.... 1019
3/Cst. Bishop, J. H., Burnaby  1031
3/Cst. Tabbutt, L. J., Burnaby  1053
3/Cst. McKay, R. G., Burnaby  1071
Spec. Cst. Nidle, F., Burnaby	
Powell River District—
Sergt. Hall, O. L., Powell River  278
1/Cst. Betts, J. F., Powell River  820
1/Radio Opr. Dawson, C. J., Powell
River   881
3/Skpr.   Fiander,   N.   J.,   PGD   2,
Powell River   717
3/Cst.   Dornan,   W.   N.,   PGD   2,
Powell River   1095
1/Cst. Hall, J. O., Westview  582
2/Cst. Crouch, C. P., Westview  986
Richmond District—
Corpl. Watt, J. C, Brighouse  469
1/Cst. White, J. R., Brighouse  714
1/Cst. Seeord, I. S., Brighouse  759
1/Cst. Mumford, C. W., Brighouse.. 800
2/Cst. Thorsteinson, I. G., Brighouse 987
3/Cst. Stone, R. P., Brighouse...  1045 Fort George Subdivision.
N.C.O. in charge Fort George Subdivision—Sergt. G. H. Clark, M.C, Prince George.
Regt. No. Regt. No.
Corpl. DeWitt, N. 0., Prince George...    368 3/Cst. Strom, A. W., Prince George... 1038
1/Cst. Smith, W., Prince George     270 3/Cst. Vandusen, H. M., Prince George 1068
1/Cst. Millar, A. M., Prince George.     575 Spec.   Cst.   Anderson,   G.   W.,   Prince
1/Radio   Opr.   Lennox,   S.   J.,   Prince George   	
George       843 Spec. Cst. Clark, L,, Prince George	
1/Cst. McKinnon, L. W., Prince George    903 1/Cst. Maxwell, T. R., McBride     921
1/Cst. Cawdell, C. A. B., Prince George    958 3/Cst. Seaton, A. R., McBride  1051
2/Cst. Demmon, W. A., Prince George    951 1/Cst. Moore, R. C, Vanderhoof     771
2/Cst. Weeks, A. W., Prince George....    983 2/Cst. Brett, R. A., Vanderhoof  1004
2/Cst. Russell, G. P. W., Prince George    994 1/Cst. Perry, G. A., Fort St. James....    920
Peace River Subdivision.
Officer Commanding—Sub-Inspector G. J. Duncan, Pouce Coupe.
Regt. No.
1/Radio Opr. Robson, A., Pouce Coupe 784
2/Cst. Jobling, D. A., Pouce Coupe.  969
3/Cst. Netzel, H. H., Pouce Coupe  1090
1/Cst.  Lumsden,  W. J.  F.,  Fort  St.
John   731
1/Cst. Youngberg, G. E., Fort St. John 964
1/Cst. Faryon, L. E., Lower Post  823
Regt. No.
1/Cst. Boulton, P., Muskwa  667
Corpl. MacAndrew, G., Dawson Creek 421
1/Cst. Fletcher, W. D., Dawson Creek 948
2/Cst. Burke, P. N., Dawson Creek .... 1003
3/Cst. Low, M. G., Dawson Creek  1030
3/Cst. Tanner, E. H., Dawson Creek- 1060
3/Cst. Williams, D. B., Dawson Creek 1065  PART II.
INSPECTOR OF GAOLS.
INDEX.
Page.
Ages of Prisoners  45
Commitments :  44
Convictions, Previous  4?
Educational Status  44
Employment of Prisoners ;.  48
Expenditures and Revenue  49
Drugs, Habits as to Use of  45
Intoxicants, Habits as to Use of ■ .  44
Maintenance, Cost of  49
Prison Population, Movement of  43
Nationalities  44
Occupations  45
Offences for which Prisoners committed:—
(ft)   Crimes against the Person  48
(b) Crimes against Property  48
(c) Crimes against Public Morals and Decency '.  48
(d) Crimes against Public Order and Peace .  48
(e) Other Offences not enumerated above  48
Officers and Employees, Number of  49
Racial  45
Report of Inspector of Gaols .  49
Report of Warden, Oakalla Prison Farm  49
Report of Warden, Nelson Gaol  41
Report of Warden, Kamloops Gaol  41
Report of Warden, Prince George  42
Religion (Creeds)  46
Sentences, Period of  46
Sex  44
Social Status (Married or Single)  45  Report of the Inspector of Gaols, 1946-47.
The Honourable G. S. Wismer, K.C.,
Attorney-General, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit my annual report covering the four Provincial
gaols in the Province for the year ended March 31st, 1947.
OAKALLA PRISON FARM.
Report of Warden J. Millman:—
" General.—I should like to mention that all departments at the Farm are operating in a satisfactory and economical manner.
" Buildings.—Additional to the usual repairs and alterations, two new fire-stations,
some additions to the paint and shoe shops, a pig-brooder, together with 1% miles of
fencing, were completed during the year.
" The addition to the Warden's residence, delayed through lack of building
material, is still under construction.
" To provide a safer and more efficient method in handling prisoners, a new
finger-print room has been built in the central hall of the main building.
" Work on the new fire mains has been slow on account of difficulty in securing
pipe, fittings, etc.
" Major paint jobs included the new horse-barn, calf-barn, and gate-house. The
following buildings and rooms were also painted: Chicken-house, exterior of women's
gaol, bathroom, paint-shop, and boiler-house.
" Farm and Workshops.—Prison Farm operations, which cover the field and garden,
piggery, poultry, and dairy branches, produced a profit of $4,755.88. The laundry produced a revenue of $7,520.31;   tailor-shop, $4,009.06;   and the shoe-shop, $518.47.
" Some 164,280 passenger, commercial, and dealer licence-plates, and 19,195 trailer
and motor-cycle plates, were manufactured in our metal workshop.
" Health and Discipline.—Health has been about average. Infractions of gaol
rules have shown a marked reduction in ratio to the substantially increased population.
Escapes were effectively curtailed, and of those who managed to gain their liberty,
none were out of custody for more than five hours before recapture by members of the
staff. This accomplishment is worthy of note, so much so that I feel our guards are
to be commended for their efforts in this direction.
" Juveniles.—Despite the fact that we have had to absorb youths convicted of more
serious crimes than heretofore, the Star class, under direction of Assistant Chief
Gaoler T. A. Camm, whose report is attached, has made very satisfactory progress
throughout the year."
WOMEN'S SECTION.
Miss Mona Russell, R.N., matron in charge, reports:—
" A total of 50,390 well-balanced meals, with extra rations at Easter, Thanksgiving,
Christmas, and New Year, were served during the past twelve months.
39 Q 40 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" The following edibles were canned: 350 gallons of apples, 10 gallons of prunes,
15 gallons of pears, and over 200 gallons of other fruits, vegetables, etc.
" Workshop.—Repairs were made to 1,596 miscellaneous articles, and 179 articles
of wearing-apparel were made for female inmates and 11,066 repaired for the men's
section.    Some 47 articles were also made for the Red Cross.
" Health.—The health of the inmates was very good. Representatives from the
Provincial venereal disease clinic visit the institution weekly and give whatever treatment may be necessary. The gaol physician, Dr. W. J. Mackenzie, also made regular
visits during the year."
JUVENILE OFFENDERS.
Assistant Chief Gaoler T. A. Camm, who is in charge of the younger inmates or
Star class, reports:—
" Star Class.—Owing to the large number of this type of offender coming into this
institution, it was necessary, at the beginning of the year, to fill the space allotted for
them to capacity (forty), and this number has been maintained throughout the period
under review. During the year we admitted sixty-two lads to our group, and discharged sixty-two, a balance of forty as at March 31st, 1947.
" Offences.—The predominant type of crime has changed from thefts of automobiles to the more serious offences of breaking and entering with theft and, sometimes,
armed robbery. Incidentally an increasing number of lads came to us after serving
one or more terms at the Industrial School for Boys; two of them, aged 15, had extensive delinquency records.
" Discipline.—Good discipline has been maintained with a minimum amount of
punishment, and I am glad to record that there were no escapes during the entire year.
The policy has been to exhaust every avenue of moral persuasion consistent with proper
institutional control, and a steady effort has been exerted to influence the behaviour
of the inmates, and with excellent results, by Custodial Officers Pearson, Berkey, and
Wilson.
" Workshop.—Our workshop, under the direction of Mr. Berkey, continues to turn
out constructive work in the form of repairs to Court-house furniture (estimated value
of $843), and a large number of folding chairs, benches, and tables were sanded,
repaired, and painted for the Department of Public Works (estimated value of $429.50).
Some $40 worth was also turned out for the Girls' Industrial School.
" Our outside working party, capably managed by Pearson and Wilson, performed
much useful work about the farm. In winter general maintenance-work is necessary
and in the summer valuable assistance in the production of field crops is rendered to
our chief gaoler.
" Education.—The number of courses taken up by members of our group with the
Department of Education fell off slightly to below 50 per cent., and although every
effort was made to interest the lads in this form of education, a disappointingly large
number displayed no inclination whatever to take advantage of what was offered.
Many, of course, incapable of striving on their own, would respond to guidance by
qualified teachers, and this, with training along vocational lines, will in great part solve
the problem of the juvenile offender.
" Recreation.—Recreation requirements are met by supervised instruction under
Pro-Rec instructors who visit us once every week. All phases of gymnastic work are
expertly covered, and many of our group derive immense benefit from their exercises.
Games which help to develop a team spirit are also encouraged. Under interested supervision, baseball is played during regular recreation periods.
" Religion.—Religious instruction is carried on by members of the former Oxford
Group. Meetings are conducted every Wednesday afternoon, and an effort is made to
influence the boys through this form of appeal. REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF GAOLS, 1946-47. Q 41
" Probation.—Follow-up work is carried out by Provincial probation officers under
the leadership of Mr. E. G. B. Stevens. These officers keep in touch with the lads and
are advised of their behaviour, work ability, and character. Provision is made for
their release; if possible employment is secured, and arrangements are always made to
get them to their destination.
" In conclusion I wish to emphasize that every effort has been made to promote
the well-being, both physical and moral, of every juvenile committed to our care."
NELSON GAOL.
Warden R. Harvey reports as follows:—
" General management has been in accordance with Gaol Rules and Regulations,
supplemented by standing orders issued to govern local conditions.
" Economical operation necessitates the careful selection of trusties from the gaol
population to provide cooking, kitchen, and janitor services, and this has been maintained with a fair measure of success. The gaol staff, consisting of a senior guard
and four regular guards, has displayed a satisfactory standard of efficiency in carrying
out its duties and routine work.
" Population.—Inmates at the beginning of the year numbered 14. One hundred
and eighty-one prisoners were received and 175 discharged, leaving a total of 20
prisoners at the end of the fiscal year. The peak population was 27 and the lowest 10;
the daily average increased by 7 per cent, to 18.1 per cent., as against 11.37 per cent,
for the previous year.
" Welfare and Recreation.-—When not employed on work or other duties, all inmates,
when circumstances and safety permit, are allowed the freedom of the cell blocks and,
in any event, one hour daily in the exercise-yard. They are also permitted controlled
radio programs for two hours daily. In addition, all prisoners have access to the gaol
library, which contains many books of an interesting and educational nature.
" Religious Services.—Services are conducted at 10 a.m. every Sunday morning by
the Salvation Army. The Pentecostal Assembly holds meetings approximately every
second Sunday during the afternoon. Other religious denominations are arranged for
on request.    There is no compulsion and all services are well attended.
" Medical Care.—The general health of the prison population, due to the untiring
efforts of our gaol surgeon, Dr. Auld, has been very good.
" Farm-work.—Prison labour in the gaol garden produced fruit and vegetables to
the estimated value of $679.21, a substantial increase over the previous year.
" Maintenance and Construction.—No construction-work was carried out during
the year. Maintenance consisted of general repairs, all painted surfaces throughout
the entire premises being scrubbed, while the kitchen, laundry, and chapel were whitewashed.
" Discipline.—With the exception of an attempted escape by a prison trusty who
was recaptured within a few hours and later sentenced to six months concurrent with
the time he was serving, there were only seven breaches of prison rules, all of a minor
nature, reported for disciplinary action. A few derelictions of duty on the part of
gaol guards called for reprimands, otherwise gaol discipline was very well observed."
KAMLOOPS GAOL.
Warden E. Gammon reports as follows :•—
" Discipline.—Conditions surrounding the operation and administration of the gaol
have been satisfactory. Rules and regulations, supplemented by orders to govern local
conditions, were strictly adhered to, and the behaviour of all prisoners, with two exceptions, was exceptionally good. Q 42 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
"Escapes.—Two prisoners escaped from custody; one was recaptured and the
other reported to be in the United States. Inquiries were held in both instances, and
disciplinary action taken against those responsible for the escapes.
" Work.—All inmates, with the exception of those awaiting trial, have been regularly employed in janitor services, the upkeep of Provincial Government grounds, and
other work required in the police and gaol buildings.
" Health.—Health conditions were good, and in this respect the proper diet necessary to ensure the health and well-being of the prisoners was well maintained.
" All prison clothing issued was of good quality and kept clean and in a good state
of repair.
" Buildings.—The exterior and the interior of the gaol buildings are in a good
state of repair, and I do not deem it expedient to make any changes or improvements
at the present time.
" Population.—In comparison with the previous twelve months there was an increase
of seventy-three prisoners during the year."
PRINCE GEORGE GAOL.
Warden G. H. Clark, M.C, reports as follows:—
" General.—The population of Prince George and district continues to grow, and
with the large number of men employed on the John Hart Highway, saw-mills, and
lumber camps on the line of the Canadian National Railways, our gaol accommodation
has been taxed to the limit.
" Prisoners were employed in janitor work and wood-cutting. There were no
escapes during the year, nor was it necessary to discipline any inmate for a breach of
the regulations."
LIBRARIES.
At Oakalla Prison Farm our libraries have been the source of much favourable
comment upon the part of both inmates and visitors. They are kept well supplied
with an excellent selection of modern, up-to-date books by the Provincial Library
Commission; indeed, we are all indebted to the Superintendent, Mr. C. K. Morison,
for his continued personal interest in this important undertaking. Perhaps the appreciation of this service by inmates is best evidenced by the volume of circulation; this
amounts to 26,457 in the main library, 4,107 in the south wing library, and 2,939 in
the women's library.
At Nelson, Kamloops, and Prince George the inmates are displaying the same
relative interest in the literature supplied to them..
CONCLUSION.
By way of conclusion and in again thanking you for your personal interest in all
that pertains to prison welfare and especially as it relates to juveniles, may I once more
draw attention to the services rendered by our wardens, matrons, and custodial officers
whose painstaking work—-supplemented by the ministry, the Salvation Army, the John
Howard and the Elizabeth Fry Societies—has done so much toward improving the
general conditions which surround those committed to the penal institutions of this
Province.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
•   ■•-. Your obedient servant,
T. W. S. PARSONS,
Inspector of Gaols. REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF GAOLS, 1946-47.
Q 43
APPENDIX.
ANNUAL REPORT ON GAOLS FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31st, 1947.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
1
1
1
i
4
2. Total expenditure for gaol maintenance
in B.C.—
Year ended March 31st, 1947	
$287,388.38
$12,810.47
$4,602.07
$1,949.04
$306,749.96
Year ended March 31st, 1946	
241,188.73
11,226.30
4,849.61
2,616.44
259,880.98
3. Average total maintenance cost per day
per prisoner—
Year ended March 31st, 1947	
$1.40
$1.84
$1.03
$1.14
$1.35
Year ended March 31st, 1946	
1.38
2.70
1.51
1.34
1.73
Average dietary cost per day per pris
oner—
Year ended March 31st, 1947	
$0.29
$0.37
$0.28
$0.33
$0.32
Year ended March 31st, 1946	
.274
.27
.312
.52
.341
4. Number of prisoners committed—
Year ended March 31st, 1947	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
Year ended March 31st, 1946	
1,970
99
189
312
2,570
I. Movement of Population, Year ended March 31st, 1947.
Oakalla. Nelson.        Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
On register April 1st, 1946	
Received—•
From gaols and lockups	
By transfer :	
By recapture	
By revocation of licence	
By forfeiture of ticket-of-leave	
By internal movements	
Insane....	
Juveniles	
Deportation	
From bail	
Committed for trial	
Sentenced	
Discharged—
By expiry of sentence	
By ticket-of-leave	
By deportation	
By pardon	
By escape -	
By death :	
By payment of fines	
By release on Court order (including bail)
By transfer .'.	
By internal movements	
To asylum	
On register March 31st, 1947	
546
2,745
4
7
374
3,232
2,015
59
45
25
6
3
81
294
242
374
3,144
634
14
120
1
33
16
11
110
1
49
14
175
15
582
262
495
4,170
142
1
35
18
63
3
100
183
49
87"
78
262
497
4,078 Q 44
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
II. Commitments.
1945-46.
Decrease.
Increase.
Murder ,	
Manslaughter ,....—	
Crimes—
Against the person	
Against property :..
Against public morals and decency	
Against public order and peace	
Other offences not enumerated above	
Insanity '.	
Number of prisoners sentenced	
Number of days' stay of prisoners...	
Average number of prisoners per month.
Average number of prisoners per day	
Escapes	
Escapes and recaptured	
Deaths in gaols	
7
7
122
699
137
1,342
240
17
2,495
185,110
15,165
498.283
5
10
9
168
896
178
2,071
351
27
3,533
219,374
18,279
589.645
7
3
2
46
197
41
729
111
10
1,038
34,264
3,114
91.362
2
5
III. Sex.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
2,375
370
110
235
27
461
34
3,181
10
441
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
IV.
Educational Status.
306
1,799
571
69
9
81
27
3
67
154
35
6
79
214
194
8
461
2,248
827
86
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
V. Nationality.
(Place of Birth.)
British—
2,053
324
21
95
4
212
20
342
17
9
2,702
365
30
Totals i i	
2,398
99
232
368
3,097
Foreign—
113
195
28
11
5
7
2
7
2
23
5
23
71
143
296
33
Totals	
347
21
30
127
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
VI. Habits as to use of Intoxicants.
214
1,029
1,502
9
40
71
29
51
182
56
124
315
1,244
2,070
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622 REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF GAOLS, 1946-47.
Q 45
VII.—Habits as to Use of Drugs.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
I
2.403         1             120
262
492
3
3,277
342
345
Totals	
2.745         1             120
262
495
3,622
VIII. Occupations.
Agricultural	
158
833
337
990
262
30
135
23
26
8
49
10
1
3
60
17
22
73
30
3
57
6
17
26
373
62
11
247
893
393
1,485
364
45
195
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
IX. Racial.
White	
2,350
25
319
42
9
103
182
425
3
67
3,060
28
15
2
75
5
476
49
9
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
X. Civil State.
1,683
510
120
432
72
32
2
14
150
74
17
21
313
130
26
26
2,218
746
165
493
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
XL Ages.
408
391
338
578
523
340
167
19
22
15
28
25
6
5
44
49
24
54
59
13
19
42
79
26
131
116
61
40
513
21 to 25    	
541
25 to 30	
403
30 to 40              	
791
40 to 50	
723
50 to 60      	
420
231
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3.622 Q 46
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
XII. Creeds.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
67
1
4
3
30
13
85
3
488
6
37
5
185
25
377
992
402
16
78
67
17
13
44
579
19
6
17
60
5
6
2
13
43
13
6
6
8
5
24
134
17
12
19
54
5
11
266
21
35
29
253
Methodist -	
37
425
1,435
453
69
132
67
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
XIII. Duration of Sentence.
1,010
280
153
365
330
165
49
185
65
21
4
34
17
18
31
13
4
1
2
97
55
19
16
9
11
353
79
15
32
8
3
1,494
431
205
444
360
183
50
1
7
10
5
193
72
31
4
1
35
1
35
112
112
1
5
1
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622 REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF GAOLS, 1946-47.
Q 47
XIV. Previous Convictions.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Total.
1,127
424
229
138
94
83
79
56
53
48
43
40
32
25
26
20
13
10
11
142
79
18
7
5
4
1
1
2
146
28
19
14
9
11
1
4
272
162
25
19
3
5
3
2
2
1
1
1,624
•1..                     	
632
2..                      	
280
3..              	
176
4..                                   	
110
5..              	
100
6..                         	
84
1..:. -	
8	
64
55
9	
2
6
3
3
5
4
3
1
51
10	
50
11	
1
44
12                                                              	
35
13.                                        	
30
14                                                         	
30
15..
23
16	
14
17..                       	
1
1
11
18 and 19	
12
20 to 29      	
3
145
30 to 39	
40 to 49                   	
29
29
50 to 59	
60 to 69    	
23
23
70 to 79                	
80 to 99                    	
Totals	
2,745
120
262
495
3,622
58.943
34.16
44.27
45.05
* Number to be shown according to actual gaol record. Q 48
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
XV. Offences for which Prisoners were committed and sentenced during the Year.
Commitments.
Sentences
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
(a)   Crimes against the person—
136
14
5
9
6
142
14
5
9
131
10
4
9
4
	
135
10
4
9
Totals	
164
6
170
154
4
158
(b)   Crimes against property—
Oakalla	
749
37
58
35
21
4
1
770
41
58
36
1,095
34
56
35
28
3
1
1,123
37
Kamloops	
56
36
Totals	
879
26
905
1,220
32
1,252
(c)   Crimes against public morals and decency—
Oakalla	
77
5
3
20
71
•     2
148
5
5
20
78
4
2
20
76
2
154
4
4
20
Totals	
105
73
178
104
78
182
(d)   Crimes against public order and peace—
Oakalla	
1,240
64
227
302
265
8
27
23
1,505
72
254
325
1,260
53
211
302
271
3
26
23
1,531
56
237
325
Totals	
1,833
323
2,156
1,826
323
2,149
332
19
351
344
18
362
Grand  totals   (totals  of   (o),
(6), (c), (d).and (<;>)   ...
3,313
447
3,760
3,648
45S
4,103
XVI. Employment of Prisoners.
(Per Cent, of Population.)
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
0.734
31.993
3.085
2.411
6.987
16.328
0.855
37.607
60.0
3.0
20.0
17.0
35.0
2.0
55.0
3.0
5.0
5.0
Sick	
100.000
100.0
100.0
100.0 REPORT OF INSPECTOR OF GAOLS, 1946-47.
Q 49
XVII. Number of Officers and Employees on
March 31st, 1947.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
6
1
2
3
6
47
1
3
5
6
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
Chief Clerk :	
1
Kitchen Chef                                  -
1
89
8
3
S
XVIII. Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for Year ended March 31st, 1947.
Oakalla.
Nelson.
Kamloops.
Prince
George.
Totals.
Expenditure.
Library	
Salaries	
Office Supplies	
Travelling expenses	
Uniforms and clothing	
Janitors' supplies	
Farm operations	
Upkeep of grounds	
General equipment	
Laundry operations	
Fuel, water, and light	
Provisions (upkeep of prisoners)	
Medical attendance and hospital supplies	
Good Conduct Fund	
Sheet-metal plant	
Incidentals and contingencies	
Cost-of-living bonus	
Totals	
Public Works expenditure	
Gross expenditure	
Revenue.
Rental of quarters, etc., and maintenance of
prisoners	
Sales and salary refunds	
Fines and costs paid	
Totals	
$1
139
2
3
13
4
13
3,
6,
40
59
10:
12.
19,
,980.60
,182.43
.340.27
.463.76
,243.49
.003.38
.708.58
293.95
.550.33
,460.04
.941.23
,877.61
,496.86
,166.60
444.24
386.78
383.04
$354
10,
923.19
239.16
$365,162.35
$45,651.50
32,122.47
$77,773.97
$83.28
8,532.42
279.34
92.64
690.89
201.96
124.54
52.96
2,187.37
1,808.91
486.38
311.60
64.96
$2,816.64
74.66
199.31
66.45
949.37
1,256.24
30.13
260.65
$2,577.85
6.00
1.90
8.70
12.83
78.45
1,380.79
564.47
18.40
4.87
72.65
$14,917.25
59.22
$5,658.32
50.00
$4,722.04
$14,976.47
$5,708.32
$4,722.04
$1,768.50
397.50
$1,106.25
$2,773.00
$2,166.00
$1,106.25
.,773.00
$2,063.88
153,109.34
2,700.27
3,556.40
14,135.59
4,280.49
13,833.12
293.95
3,616.12
6,538.49
44,077.97
64,323.55
11,577.84
12,757.25
19,444.24
529.26
23,383.04
$380,220.8
10,348.3
$390,569.18
$51,299.25
32,122.47
397.50
3,819.22 Q 50
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
XVIII. Statement of Revenue and Expenditure for Year ended Ma*ch 31st, 1947—Cont'd.
Total Gross Expenditure.
Total Revenue.
1946.
1947.
1946.
1947.
Oakalla	
$316,692.26
13,261.13
5,245.26
4,732.69
$365,162.35
14,976.47
5,658.16
4,722.04
$75,403.53
2,034.83
395.75
2,114.25
$77,773.97
2,166.00
1,106.25
2,773.00
Totals	
$339,931.34
79,948.36
$390,519.02
83,819.22
$79,948.36
$83,819.22
$259,982.98
$306,699.80
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Don McDiarmid, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1948.
765-1247-7745      

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