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THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA TWENTY-FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT STATISTICS, 1945 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1947

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 THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
TWENTY-FOURTH
ANNUAL REPORT
STATISTICS, 1945
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY  OF THE  LEGISLATIVE  ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1946.  To His Honour W. C. Woodward,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia: ....•;.".' :•■..; 1 .-. ;■•;:•;-'sE
May it please Your Honour : '• I"
i}      The undersigned has the honour to present the Twenty-fourth Annual Report of
the Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1945.
GORDON S. WISMER,
Attorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., April 30th, 1946. TABLE OF CONTENTS.	
Page.
Report of Fire Marshal—— ——.j :_::_„..:__j_„lj:—:______:_::__.____—-„__:_—__.;  5
Table I.—Inspections made and Orders issued — ._  7
Table II.—Fires reported  ——.—-—.— . —_— ___„ ..— 9
Table III.—Causes of Fires „_.„.„.„.._.l-  11
Table IV.—Classification of Property burned  13
Table V.—Summary .   __ 23
Table VI.—Loss of Life -.  24 Report of Fire Marshal.
Office of Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1946.
The Honourable the Attorney-General,
Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—Pursuant to section 44 of the " Fire Marshal Act" I have the honour to
submit herewith the Twenty-fourth Annual Report of the Fire Marshal for the year
ended December 31st, 1945. I regret to report that the fire loss for the year under
review is more than that of the previous year by $1,645,353 and the number of fires
exceeds the previous year by 733. The average fire loss for the year is approximately
$1,030 as compared with $826 for the previous year. Heavy financial losses are built
up by fires which get out of control in buildings where materials of high value are
concentrated in small areas. This condition is more noticeable in industrial fires and
was more or less unavoidable during the war years. Outstanding among our larger
losses was the fire which occurred on the S.S. " Greenhill Park." This fire took a heavy
toll of life and property. Unfortunately, during the year there was a heavy loss of life
through fire—twenty-five men, twelve women, and twenty-one children—a total of fifty-
eight. Eight of these children came by their deaths when left alone in their homes,
and in one case two of them had been playing with matches. It will be noted that
incendiarism was responsible for thirty-seven fires with a loss of $274,358. In this
connection we were successful in having a number of the perpetrators of these crimes
brought before the Courts where they were adequately dealt with.
There were fifteen fires during the year with a loss in excess of $50,000 each.
Nine of these fires, causing a loss of $2,114,421, were of undetermined origin. It will
be readily understood that these fifteen fires occurred, for the most part, in industrial
buildings or warehouses where articles of high value were concentrated.
Fire-prevention work was vigorously pursued throughout the year, and in this
connection I am pleased to report that a student from one of our schools, Miss Peggy
Brown from the John Oliver High School, Vancouver, as well as winning our Provincial
prize for a fire-prevention poster, won the Dominion grand prize in the poster contest
sponsored by the Dominion Fire Prevention Association.
Hereunder are some of the activities of this office for the year 1945:—
General fire-hazard inspections  1,757
General inspections of public halls      211
Plans checked for changes in existing public halls        25   .
General inspections of hotels        98
Plans checked for hotels         4
General inspections of schools      139
Plans checked for new schools or additions to existing ones        30
General inspections of hospitals        78
Plans checked for new hospitals         6
General inspections of dry-cleaning plants        14
i General inspections of bulk storage plants for gasoline and oils     107
Plans checked for changes, extensions, and new plants for
inflammable liquids      105
* General inspections of sawmills         8
5 E 6
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
General inspections of Government buildings  35
Plans checked for arenas  3
Plans checked for apartments  3
General inspections of shipyards  4
General inspections of war-supply plants  6
General inspections of Security camps  4
General inspections of waterworks systems  23
Special surveys  10
Oil-burner installations checked —.__ 207
Oil-burners checked for labels  1,375
General inspections of film exchanges  79
General inspections of theatres  194
Plans checked for new theatres  11
Projectionists' examinations held  22
During the year eighty fire investigations were conducted with the following
results:—
Fire inquiries held        11
Prosecutions under the " Fire Marshal Act " and regulations.—       14
Convictions  :  14
Prosecutions for arson        18
Convictions   14 ..
Acquittals  „     3
Sent to Mental Hospital     1
Prosecutions for attempted arson  2
Convictions      1
Acqu ittals - .     1
Forty-two appeals from orders issued by local Assistant Fire Marshals were heard
and decisions given. There was one appeal taken to a County Court Judge who confirmed the decision of the Fire Marshal.
In conclusion I wish to express my appreciation to my staff for their fine work
during the past year. Also, I wish to thank all local Assistant Fire Marshals throughout the Province, the Commissioner and members of the British Columbia Police,
city and municipal officials, as well as insurance companies and adjusters for their
co-operation.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
W. A. WALKER,
Fire Marshal. REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, .1945.
E 7
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS.
Inspections.
Orders.
City Municipalities (34).
16
235
64
376
30
50
96
927
199
11
527
5
6
17
2
5
2
2
1
6
778
146
5
736
548
2,901
1,010
239
2
8
523
43
28
56
141
742
10
456
22
Trail	
844
21,763
399
22,761
79
10
Totals    	
56,051
1,158
District Municipalities (28).
935
Delta	
76
1
Kent 	
101
3
23
113
510
3
393
1
416
352
20
21 E 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MAESHALS—Continued.
Inspections.
Orders.
District Municipalities—Continued.                               . .
12
60
17
1
4
3,030
93
Village Municipalities (2Jt).
55
13
18
397
44.
	
34
11
3
1
:....
54
	
18
21
X
Tofino	
77
Totals	
680
66
Fire Districts (12).
114
321
230
Prince Rupert, County of            	
139
11
Victoria, County of....
Yale, County of	
62
14
Totals	
877
33
60,638
1,350
1944.-	
Grand totals,
58,496
56,344
70,181
75,717
1,598
1,702
1,536
2,134
Grand totals,
1943	
Grand totals,
1942	
Grand totals,
1941	 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E   9
TABLE IL—FIRES REPORTED.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
City Municipalities (3J,).
17
5
13
6
13
4
12
1
12
7
1
43
2
35
10
10
9
76
23
116
91
35
6
3
20
29
4
11
7
1
22
2,649
21
352
$35,583
1,475
1,251
4,172
1,112
2,303
3,643
1,426
467
6,064
5,109
1,536
618
7,765
14,487
3,850
24,215
49,847
6,445
6,862
20,511
17,558
113,275
9,377
2,017
7,685
Trail	
6,547
2,563,645
1,718
122,501
Totals	
3,666
$3,043,359
District Municipalities (28).
157
17
12
15
39
1
7
16
18
10
6
12
43
82
1
25
7
47
101
3
4
4
6
59
$37,182
41,556
62,926
22,205
14,748
1,075
Delta	
Glenmore	
Kent	
9,186
11,789
44,011
10,357
18,929
22,299
7,388
4,198
9
15,856
11,318
26,067
14,760
134
3,824
2,040
1,180
56,558
Oak Bay	
- E 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IL—FIRES REPORTED—Continued.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
District Municipalities—Continued.
Tadanac	
West Vancouver..
Totals..
Village Municipalities (24).
Abbotsford	
Burns Lake	
Cbapman Camp....
Cranberry Lake....
Creston	
Dawson Creek	
Gibsons Landing..
Hope	
Lytton	
Mission	
McBride	
New Denver	
Parksville	
Pouce Coupe	
Qualicum Beach...
Quesnel	
Silverton	
Smithers	
Stewart	
Terrace -	
Tofino	
Vanderhoof	
Westview	
Williams Lake	
Totals..
Fire Districts (12).
Cariboo, County of.,
loco	
Kootenay, County of	
Nanaimo, County of	
Pacific Mills, Limited	
Powell River	
Prince Rupert, County of..
University Area	
Vancouver, County of	
Victoria, County of	
Westminster, County of	
Yale, County of 	
Totals	
Grand totals.-
Note.—Construction of buildings—
Fire-resisting	
Brick or concrete	
Frame	
28
98
818
1
1
3
4
13
1
4
18
60
1
72
122
4
7
30
10
47
52
19
102
526
5,093
33
316
4,744
5,093
$8,505
16,021
$464,121
$208
5
2,270
48
4,789
27,613
35
2,815
2,031
175
325
5,657
117
59,435
10,300
975
700
792
2,011
$120,301
$215,350
6
244,163
435,187
10,057
1,297
143,435
12,239
113,069
37,406
45,484
361,828
$1,619,521
$5,247,302
$1,426,269
629,031
3,192,002
$5,247,302 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E 11
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES.
Causes of Fires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Acetylene-torch carelessness	
Alcohol-vapour explosion	
Ashes against wood	
Boiler insufficiently protected	
Broken gasoline-line	
Broken oil-line	
Broken take-up belt	
Bunsen burner, carelessness with	
Candle carelessness	
Canvas cover ignited from exhaust	
Carburettor back-firing	
Car upset	
Chemical explosion	
Children playing with fire	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe	
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Collision	
Curtains from lamp	
Curtains from stove	
Defective acetylene-tank	
Defective acetylene-torch	
Defective battery connection	
Defective brooder	
Defective chimney	
Defective fireplace	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe	
Defective gas-oven	
Defective motor	
Defective oil-burner	
Defective oven	
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Defective wiring	
Drive-shaft broke and punctured fuel-tank	
Dust explosion	
Electrical appliances	
Engine back-firing	
Exposure	
Film break at the aperture	
Firecrackers	
Friction on pulley	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected	
Gas explosion	
Gas from bore-hole ignited by fire in portable boiler-
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline, children with	
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe	
Gasoline-torch carelessness	
Gas-plate insufficiently protected	
Grease dripping on hot sawdust	
Grease on stove	
Hot stove-lid falling on floor	
Ignition of spray paint..	
Ignition of turpentine	
Incendiary	
Incense-burner upset	
Lamp explosion	
Lamp upset	
Lightning	
Live coals	
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with	
Mattress too near furnace '.	
Molten metal	
Oil-furnace back-firing	
6
2
1
1
45
1
31
10
1
16
93
4
7
6
4
4
2
3
1
2
281
19
11
1
1
11
1
34
28
1
2
205
1
146
1
11
2
47
2
1
40
1
11
5
3
1
69
2
3
1
37
1
1
6
4
15
77
83
2
10
1
$7,886
465
36,553
2,378
1,000
50
20
40
1,918
25
10,739
4,360
23
8,141
13,644
26.224
3,821
279
828
117
168
1.568
20
510
114,403
1,708
21,492
4,207
152
7,300
76
21,977
44,726
750
225
68,790
31,259
151,101
80
299
10,162
53,131
256
4,679
43,695
1,600
2,195
139
1,542
20
13,692
45
1,252
20
274,358
13
71
862
11,431
210
2,924
31,953
22
777
25 E 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES—Continued.
Causes of Fires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss,
Oil-stove explosion	
Oil-stove upset	
Oil-vapour explosion	
Overheated electric motor	
Overheated machinery bearings	
Overheated motor	
Overheated vulcanizer	
Paint-remover, being heated, ignited	
Sawdust-burner back-firing	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sodium in water	
Sparks from acetylene-torch	
Sparks from boil«r	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from buffing-machine	
Sparks from burning rubbish	
Sparks from bush-fire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from forge	
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe	
Sparks from grinding-machine	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from picker-machine	
Sparks from slash fire	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Sparks from welding-machine	
Spontaneous ignition	
Static electricity	
Stove explosion	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected.
Sun's rays	
Tar boiling over	
Thawing pipes	
Unknown	
Varnish boiling over	
Water in lime	
Wood too near furnace	
Wood too near stove or stove-pipe	
Totals	
1
2
1
3
1
1
1
3
20
223
1,942
1
16
5
14
1
16
9
330
2
252
1
12
1
5
2
1
77
5
26
4
9
170
1
7
3
423
3
1
2
5
$25
93
4,847
3,054
148
49
85
301
18,112
166,879
219,593
161
111,212
50,724
2,798
186
6,767
149,771
97,260
9,678
6.729
307
24,229
211
9,671
6,612
17,087
31,243
987
17,407
1,300
938
110,550
17
1,124
73,749
3,054,711
1,413
895
135
1,848
5,093
$5,247,302 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E  13
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Apartments
358
Asphalt plants
Automobile camps
Automobiles
351
Ashes  against  wood    4
Candle  carelessness    2
Clothes too near stove   6
Curtains from  stove   1
Defective  chimney    24
Defective fireplace   1
Defective oil-burner   1
Defective   stove-pipe     2
Electrical appliances   18
Exposure     10
Furnace insufficiently protected   2
Gasoline carelessness   1
Gas-plate  insufficiently protected    2
Grease on stove   3
Live coals   1
Match carelessness   7
Matches, children with   2
Mattress too near furnace   1
Sawdust-burner back-firing   1
Short  circuit    1
Smokers'  carelessness   192
Sparks from chimney   35
Sparks from fireplace   11
Sparks from furnace   1
Sparks from stove   2
Spontaneous ignition   1
Stove explosion   1
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  14
Unknown    11
Tar  boiling   over    1
Unknown  1
Defective chimney    1
Smokers'  carelessness    3
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from fireplace   1
Unknown    1
Alcohol-vapour explosion   8
Broken   gasoline-line     4
Broken   oil-line     1
Canvas cover ignited from exhaust   1
Carburettor back-firing   24
Car upset   10
Collision      4
Defective battery connection    1
Defective wiring   12
Drive-shaft broke and punctured fuel-tank  1
Exposure     3
Gasoline carelessness   8
Gasoline on exhaust-pipe   11
Incendiary    2
Match carelessness   1
Overheated motor   1
Sawdust-burner back-firing   1
Short circuit   134
Smokers' carelessness    93
Sparks from acetylene-torch   3
Sparks from welding-machine   4
Spontaneous ignition   1
Unknown    23
Defective oven   1
Sparks from stove   1
34
89
52
8,733
72
180
116
754
1,717
313
3,311
1,363
66
5
113
46
7
3,525
15
40,503
15,069
2,299
75
67
37
40
1,424
677
$79
697
$20
354
5
17
3,482
$465
600
20
25
2,199
4,360
154
20
747
750
1,188
4,371
2,195
900
17
49
10
15,926
5,035
68
516
30
8,984
$80,795
3,878
48,629 E  14
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Banks
Barber shops
Barges
Barns
Barracks
Bath-houses
Battery manufacturing plants
Blacksmith-shops   	
Boarding-houses
37
12
Boat-building works   1
Bottling-works     1
Breweries    1
Bunk-houses     6
Canneries     3
Car-barns   2
Chemical  laboratories     1
Chemical plants   1
Chicken-houses   15
Unknown
Defective furnace 	
Smokers' carelessness
Ashes against wood ...
Exposure   	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks  from  boiler  ...
Unknown   	
Water in lime 	
Exposure   	
Incendiary   	
Lightning  	
Matches, children with 	
Sparks  from  burning  rubbish
Sparks from  chimney 	
Sparks from engine 	
Spontaneous ignition  	
Unknown   	
Coal-gas  explosion  	
Defective wiring 	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Match carelessness 	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Unknown   	
Incendiary
Unknown  .
Defective gas-oven  	
Defective oil-burner 	
Sparks from acetylene-torch
Sparks from forge 	
Unknown   	
Defective  chimney  	
Defective  fireplace   	
Smokers' carelessness
Sparks from chimney
Sparks from fireplace
Sparks from boiler 	
Boiler insufficiently protected 	
Gas-plate insufficiently protected
Defective stove or stove-pipe 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown	
Sparks from bonfire
Spontaneous ignition
Unknown   	
Short  circuit  	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown  	
Exposure   	
Defective brooder 	
Amount of Loss.
$971
$10
10
$150
515
23
$40,000
500
895
$215
150
10,387
4,268
850
300
5,500
8,225
62,333
$19,200
975
500
100
135
7,894
4,108
$15
2,170
$229
10
307
1,394
$67
75
26
12
19
$2,820
767
1,300
6,638
$100
677
258
$57
500
$500
$1,105
20
41,395
92,228
32,912
2,185
4,207
1,940
199
1,425
50
179
11,525
1,035
557
400
893 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E 15
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Churches
Clubs        15
Dairies
Dental laboratories   1
Distilleries  3
Dredges     1
Dry-cleaning plants  11
Dwellings   3,112
Exposure 	
Firecrackers  	
Match carelessness 	
Short circuit  	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe
Stove explosion 	
Stove insufficiently protected 	
Unknown  	
Defective chimney  	
Defective oil-burner 	
Exposure	
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Sawdust-burner  back-firing  	
Sparks from burning rubbish 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Stove explosion 	
Unknown  	
Defective chimney  	
Exposure	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected .
Defective  stove  	
Exposure   	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from furnace 	
Unknown   	
Defective   acetylene-tank   	
Furnace insufficiently protected
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from furnace 	
Sparks from boiler 	
Electrical appliances ..
Exposure   	
Gasoline carelessness ..
Smokers' carelessness .
Sparks from  chimney
Static electricity 	
Unkonwn   	
Acetylene-torch  carelessness  	
Ashes against wood 	
Candle carelessness 	
Chemical explosion  	
Children playing with fire 	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe
Coal-gas  explosion  	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Curtains from  lamp  	
Curtains from  stove 	
Defective brooder 	
Amount of Loss.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
1
1
33
42
1
15
72
3
7
3
2
1
Defective chimney   217
Defective fireplace   16
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe   9
Defective oil-burner   7
Defective stove or stove-pipe   24
Defective wiring   9
Electrical appliances  151
Exposure     46
$105
15
16
4,300
2,390
120
258
3,068
$100
50
275
629
1,122
4,107
2,507
43
2,300
$130
218
212
7,696
3,408
$50
1,454
345
23,866
2,431
$300
40
12
$45
55
965
350
720
50
450
$194
17,728
1,730
23
8,131
12,941
7,024
3,821
824
49
10
94,581
1,312
11,812
5,625
16,168
10,525
8,406
14,963
$10,772
11,133
11,664
28,146
155
352
1,000
2,635 E 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Electric-light plants   2
Elevators   (grain)     1
Factories  (brick and tile)  1
Factories   (furniture)     5
Factories  (paint)     1
Factories   (paper-bag)     1
Factories   (roof products)     1
Factories  (rope)     1
Factories  (sash and door)  1
Factories  (toy)     1
Fences   1
Fishing-boats     14
Causes.
Firecrackers     6
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected... 36
Gas explosion   1
Gasoline carelessness   14
Gasoline, children with   1
Gasoline-torch   careelssness    2
Grease on stove   53
Hot-stove-lid falling on floor   2
Incendiary    13
Incense-burner   upset     1
Lamp   explosion    1
Lamp upset   6
Lightning     2
Live coals   14
Match carelessness   54
Matches, children with   62
Mattress too near furnace   1
Molten metal   1
Oil-stove explosion   1
Oil-stove   upset     2
Paint-remover, being heated, ignited   3
Sawdust-burner back-firing   16
Short circuit   43
Smokers' carelessness   1,251
Sparks from acetylene-torch   1
Sparks from bonfire   9
Sparks from burning rubbish   5
Sparks from bush fire   5
Sparks from chimney   245
Sparks from fireplace   232
Sparks from furnace   8
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe   66
Spontaneous ignition   6
Stove explosion    4
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   105
Amount of Loss.
Sun's rays 	
Tar boiling over 	
Thawing pipes  	
Unknown   	
Varnish boiling over 	
Wood too near furnace 	
Wood too near stove or stove-pipe
Electrical appliances
Exposure   	
1
3
2
167
2
2
4
Sparks from grinding-machine
Defective wiring 	
Ignition of turpentine 	
Sparks from chimney 	
Sparks from picker-machine ....
Static electricity 	
Spontaneous ignition  	
Unknown  	
Gasoline-torch carelessness
Static electricity 	
Defective wiring 	
Ignition of spray paint	
Matches, children with	
Carburettor back-firing 	
Defective stove 	
Electrical appliances 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
$129
13,244
218
9,297
1,600
82
5,397
45
6,332
13
71
862
44
205
1,933
25,147
15
14
25
93
301
7,725
10,750
66,845
50
966
1,093
360
66.801
4,243
266
21.468
1,680
618
42,291
17
305
1,807
195,760
130
135
1,833
$623
1,164
$20
90
6,612
975
$7,983
693
550
438
$706,077
1,787
211
15,196
7,697
501
11,532
25
245
97
40
10 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Foundries
Gasoline-stations
Halls
Haystacks
Hospitals .
10
Freight-cars     3
Fruit-evaporating plants   1
Fruit-packing plants   1
Garages     77
Go'.f  Club-houses     1
Gravel plants          1
Greenhouses          6
13
Short circuit   1
Stove insufficiently protected  2
Unknown   5
Molten metal   4
Short circuit   1
Sparks from furnace  1
Unknown   4
Exposure     1
Spontaneous ignition    1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  1
Defective chimney  1
Acetylene-torch  carelessness    3
Ashes against wood  1
Candle carelessness   1
Electrical appliances   2
Exposure    9
Gasoline carelessness   3
Incendiary    3
Match carelessness   1
Matches, children with  3
Overheated vulcanizer   1
Short circuit   7
Smokers' carelessness   14
Sparks  from  acetylene-torch  1
Sparks from burning rubbish..  4
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  3
Unknown   21
Gasoline carelessness   1
Ignition of spray paint  1
Short circuit   1
Smokers' carelessness   4
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Boiler insufficiently protected  1
Defective chimney   1
Defective stove   1
Furnace insufficiently protected  1
Unknown   1
Wood too near stove-pipe  1
Ashes against wood  1
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective  fireplace    1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure     2
Gasoline carelessness   1
Smokers'  carelessness    2.
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Unknown   3
Unknown   1
Electrical appliances  1
Incendiary   1
Smokers' carelessness   7
Sparks from chimney  2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
$900
565
4,959
$554
102
10
92,916
$5,975
50
22
$7,692
337
154
96
22,005
13,173
5,576
215
1,275
85
102,039
4,812
50
212
1,378
159,169
20
15
130
9
550
$375
435
65
486
80
15
$124
55
249
32
344
250
1,252
13
5,232
$25
2,000
134
52
100
$16,088
93,582
6,047
13,098
227
318,268
9,700
28
313
1,456
7,551
54 E 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
1
$86
$2,397
Hotels 	
116
Clothes too near stove-pipe	
1
1
$310
16
3
3
2
2
95
2
3
4
263
151
1,843
297
10,405
45
1,224
12,071
Electrical appliances 	
26,625
1
8
1
2
2
1,216
$365
40
Clothes too near stove	
5
1
Stove insufficiently protected	
Unknown 	
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
3
1,300
4,010
5,715
$3,987
85
171
Sparks from chimney	
Electrical appliances 	
Engine back-firing 	
Friction  on  pulley	
Sparks from bush fire	
4,243
30
Logging camps  	
21
$25
31,259
10,162
148,311
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from slash fire	
Sparks from stove	
Unknown 	
1
1
1
11
4,178
17,087
500
71,782
3
1
1
1
283,304
$100
1,285
25
10
Defective acetylene-tank 	
Defective acetylene-torch  	
Defective furnace 	
1
2
1
1,410
Machine-shops   	
$13
283
9,670
Gasoline carelessness 	
Match carelessness 	
1
1
340
12
7
1
1
2
1
1
1
4
2
1
20
187
7,215
Sparks from acetylene-torch	
Unknown 	
Gas from bore-hole ignited by fire in portable boiler
Grease on stove	
17,740
$4,679
5,350
12,000
30,987
3
Unknown 	
Unknown 	
53,016
Motor-cycles   	
$125
75
1
1
1
200
35
Mushroom plants 	
Offices 	
       41
$40
Clothes too near stove	
Defective chimney 	
Electrical appliances 	
1
3
1
1
6
1
1
1
25
360
2,911
51
9,810
12
620
15 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E  19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Short circuit	
Smokers'  carelessness 	
4
11
1
$4,215
1,678
100
1,373
511
10
6,950
Sparks from chimney	
2
1
1
5
Stove-pipe   insufficiently   protected	
Unknown  	
1
1
3
1
$28,681
4,847
1
30
Lightning   	
Unknown  	
1
2
$1,000
120,017
1
Smokers' carelessness 	
Short circuit 	
Unknown 	
1
1
2
121.017
3,920
3
$36
72,383
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
72.419
142
Printing  offices   	
6
Defective motor 	
$152
325
1,708
1,619
138
Incendiary  	
Unknown 	
       33
Clothes too near stove	
1
3,942
Restaurants   	
$50
Defective stove 	
Electrical appliances 	
Exposure  	
Grease on stove	
1
1
6
5
74
56
14,128
928
Incendiary  	
Smokers' carelessness 	
1
9
1
1
2
5
25
3,118
20
99
183
3,880
Unknown  	
1
1
3
1
1
1
9
4
22,561
52,595
     136
$223
10
10
4
501
123
Clothes too near stove	
Defective chimney 	
Electrical appliances 	
Grease on stove	
Match carelessness 	
2
3
1
92
9
3
1
23
68
85
12,283
2,757
75
18
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from fireplace	
Stove explosion	
■
Stove-pipe   insufficiently  protected	
Unknown 	
1
4
1
15
8,411
1,283
1
32
Gasoline carelessness 	
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
25,889
15
$1,953
37,774
2,579
148
2,040
110,000
8.299
1,500
1,100
*N
Overheated electric motor	
Sparks from acetylene-torch	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from bush fire	
. E 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Schools         25
Sheds
Sheet-metal works
Shingle-mills
Ships 	
Shipyards
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from welding-machine..
Thawing pipes	
Unknown 	
Clothes too near stove	
Defective chimney 	
Electrical appliances 	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Gasoline-torch   carelessness   ...
Incendiary   	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sodium in water	
Sparks from  acetylene-torch..
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from stove	
Stove insufficiently protected..
Unknown 	
Smokers' carelessness
Unknown  	
Ashes against wood	
Defective chimney 	
Defective wiring 	
Exposure   	
Firecrackers   	
Gasoline carelessness 	
Incendiary   ....
Match carelessness 	
Matches, children with	
Short circuit 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from acetylene-torch	
Sparks from bonfire	
Sparks from burning rubbish-
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from stove	
Spontaneous ignition 	
Stove insufficiently protected....
Unknown 	
Exposure   	
Molten metal	
Sparks from stove	
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected..
Sparks from mill burner
Unknown   	
Defective acetylene-torch 	
Exposure  	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from acetylene-torch
Unknown   	
Electrical appliances  	
Exposure  	
Smokers'  carelessness  	
Sparks from acetylene-torch
Unknown   	
Amount of Loss.
16
$9,500
471
71,942
152,375
50
22
5
17
216,564
1.675
1,626
161
25
73
215
1,090
1,669
5,007
$350
397
$105
20
175
629
110
10
107
340
904
195
1,781
26
159
85
387
12
5,280
132
21,197
$75
59
9
$171
42,161
$1,285
50
66
10
1,453,370
$39,850
2,294
4,161
136
310
$399,681
228,205
747
31,654
10,041
42,332
1,454,781
46,751 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E 21
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Smelting plants
Stores and apartments
Stores and dwellings
26
Smoke-houses     1
Stables   1
Stadia     1
Stores   161
25
30
Stores and offices
Ashes against wood   2
Broken  gasoline-line    1
Broken oil-line  ,  1
Defective chimney   1
Dust explosion  !  2
Electrical appliances    1
Gasoline carelessness    1
Molten metal   3
Oil-furnace back-firing   1
Overheated electric motor   2
Short circuit   3
Sparks from acetylene-torch   2
Sparks from burning rubbish   1
Spontaneous ignition     2
Tar boiling over   1
Unknown     2
Grease dripping on hot sawdust   1
Unknown  1
Unknown     1
Ashes against wood    4
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe   6
Defective chimney    6
Electrical appliances   11
Exposure   25
Firecrackers     1
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Gas explosion   1
Gasoline-torch  carelessness    1
Grease on  stove   3
Incendiary   2
Match carelessness   4
Short circuit    1
Smokers' carelessness   63
Sparks from burning rubbish   1
Sparks from chimney   4
Spontaneous ignition   2
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   15
Unknown  10
Clothes too near stove   1
Defective chimney   4
Defective  stove-pipe    - 1
Exposure  5
Furnace-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Short circuit    1
Smokers' carelessness    5
Sparks from chimney   4
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Unknown     2
Defective chimney  2
Exposure    6
Gasoline carelessness    1
Match carelessness   2
Sawdust-burner back-firing   1
Smokers' carelessness    9
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from fireplace   2
Sparks from stove   1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Unknown     4
Electrical appliances   1
$100
50
30
100
225
350
85
130
25
475
565
550
40
215
15
550
$3,657
113
8,265
17,452
50,713
45
33,699
38
15
1,769
32
81
85
29,203
54
318
30
32.706
8,332
$5
204
991
5.295
123
1,618
136
306
20
357
$40
5,778
1,450
29
5,730
295
311
31
5,649
4,300
6,166
$3,455
20
3,860
26,457
9,055
29,779
$12 E 22
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES
—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
68
Short circuit  	
2
1
$462
186
27,535
3
g
$28,195
$13,916
272
6,594
144
1,890
303
118
7,109
3,170
6,318
11,866
4
1
1
3
Exposure  	
Grease on  stove 	
3
1
1
1
Smokers'  carelessness 	
Sparks from chimney	
1
39
7
5
Short circuit 	
4
1
3
1
51,700
10,417
2,321
125
$10,100
317
Sugar-refineries 	
Tar boiling over	
Unknown   	
1
1
1
Telephone-poles  	
1
4
3
25
$20
20
80
8
      1
1
Smokers'   carelessness	
1
1
128
$350
50
439
2
1
Gasoline carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness	
Unknown   	
Sparks from chimney 	
Defective wiring 	
1
1
1
1
2
1
839
$200
115
315
225
31
$5,000
167
2,806
3,500
2,058
7,622
1,395
401
600
•     289,866
1
Exposure  	
Furnace insufficiently protected 	
Short  circuit  	
Smokers'  carelessness  	
Sparks from chimney 	
1
1
1
5
2
2
Tar boiling over 	
1
15
Unknown 	
Ignition of spray paint 	
Short circuit 	
Unknown 	
1
1
1
1
  5,093
313,415
24,183
3
$1,192
2,675
3,425
5,093
7,292
Totals   	
$5,247,302 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1945.
E 23
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P E 24
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE VI.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1941-45.
Occupancy.
Apartments	
Apartments	
Automobile	
Barracks	
Dwelling	
Dwelling-	
Dwelling ,
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Offices	
Rooming-house	
Shed	
Ship	
Ship	
Store and dwelling-
Store and office	
Store and rooms	
Warehouse	
Totals, 1945-
Totals, 1944..
Totals, 1948..
Totals, 1942-
Totals, 1941..
Loss of Life.
Cause of Fire.
Gasoline carelessness	
Smokers' carelessness	
Car upset.	
Unknown	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Defective chimney	
Defective stove-pipe	
Electrical appliances	
Gasoline carelessness	
Gasoline, child with	
Incendiary	
Match carelessness	
Matches, children with	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from fireplace	
Stove explosion	
Stove insufficiently protected..
Stove insufficiently protected..
Stove insufficiently proteeted..
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown.......	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Spontaneous ignition	
Clothes too near stove	
Gasoline carelessness	
Defective acetylene-torch	
Unknown	
Gasoline carelessness	
Unknown	
Unknown '.	
Unknown	
Men.
Women.
Children.
25 | 12
Men and Women.     |
14
24
16
13
21
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chables P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1946.
705-546-4862

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