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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1945

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 ANNUAL REPORT
OF THE
MINISTER OF MINES
OF THE PROVINCE OF
BRITISH  COLUMBIA
FOR THE
YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER
1943
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE  LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1944. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. E. C. Carson, Minister.
John F. Walker, Deputy Minister.
James Dickson, Chief Inspector of Mines.
G. Cave-Browne-Cave, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
Hartley Sargent, Chief Mining Engineer.
P. J. Mulcahy, Chief Gold Commissioner. To His Honour Lieut-Colonel William Culham Woodward,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1943 is
herewith respectfully submitted.
ERNEST CRAWFORD CARSON,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
June, 19>4i.  CONTENTS.
Page.
The Mining Industry  9
Statistics—
Tables  U
Method of computing Production  11
British Columbia Mine Production, 1942 and 1943  13
British Columbia Mine Production, 1940 and 1941  14
Average Metal Prices, 1901-1943  15
Total Production to 1943  16
Total Production for each Year, 1852 to 1943  16
Quantities and Values of Mine Products, 1940-1943  17
Production of Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc, 1887 to 1943  18
Value of all Gold Production to End of 1943  20
Output of Mine Products by Divisions, 1941, 1942, 1943  21
Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, and Silver  22, 24
Production in Detail of Copper, Lead, and Zinc  23, 25
Production Value of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in
1940, 1941, 1942, 1943  26
Production of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, and Silver, 1900-1943  27
Production of Copper, Lead, and Zinc, 1900-1943  28
Production Value of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc,
by Mining Divisions, 1900-1943  29
Production in Detail of Structural Materials, 1941-1943  30
Production in Detail of Miscellaneous Metals, Minerals, and Materials, 1940,
1941, 1942, 1943  32
Graph—British Columbia Mine Production, 1895-1943  33
Graph—British Columbia Lode Mines Production, 1913-1943 '.  34
Coal Production per Year to Date  35
Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens, from 1895 to 1925  35
Coke and By-products Production, British Columbia, 1942, 1943  36
Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1943  37
Capital employed, Salaries and Wages, Fuel and Electricity, and Process Supplies, 1943  41
Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode Minerals, 1901-1943 41
Men employed in the Mining Industry of British Columbia, 1901-1943  42
Metalliferous Mines shipping in 1943  43
Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or more Men during 1943.  45
Departmental Work—
Administrative Branch  46
Central Records Office    46
Joint Offices of the British Columbia Department of Mines and of the
Department of Mines and Resources, Canada  46
Amalgamation of Mining Divisions  47
Publications  47
Gold Purchasing  47
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders 48
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics  50
Chemical Laboratories and Sampling Plant 51, 52
Inspection Branch  55
Mineralogical Branch  55
Museums  55
Prospectors' Sets  55
Grub-staking Prospectors  56
Geological Survey of Canada  58 A 6 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
PROGRESS NOTES.
Lode-gold Deposits (in Areas)— Page.
Salmon River_—   59
Cariboo  59
Bridge River._  60
Kamloops    61
Stump Lake  61
Similkameen River  62
Camp McKinney .  63
Jewel Lake >.  63
Grand Forks  63
Rossland *._ 63
Nelson    64
Toad Mountain  64
Eagle Creek  64
Rover Creek   64
Ymir  64
Erie Creek  65
Sheep Creek  65
Vancouver Island  66
Zeballos  66
Gold-copper Deposits—
Kaslo  67
Silver-gold Deposits—
Greenwood   67
Copper Deposits—
Similkameen River  67
Vancouver    68
Copper-gold Deposits—
Texada Island -  69
Copper-zinc Deposits—
Duncan  69
Silver-lead-zinc Deposits—
Beaverdell ■  70
Ainsworth  70
Slocan  71
Kaslo-Three Forks  71
Sandon-Three Forks  72
Silverton-New Denver  72
Lardeau  73
Cranbrook  74
Windermere  75
Golden    75
Mercury Deposits—
Fort St. James  76
Takla Lake ;  76
Relay Creek .  77
Molybdenum Deposits—
Salmo    77 CONTENTS. A 7
Tungsten Deposits— Page.
Hazelton    78
Cariboo  78
Bridge River  78
Beaton-Camborne .  78
Trout Lake  79
Grand Forks  79
Rossland  79
Salmo  79
Ymir  80
Nelson  80
Kaslo  80
Lumberton  81
Placer-gold Deposits—
Atlin  81
Dease Lake -  81
Manson Creek -  81
Cariboo  81
Lillooet  85
Princeton  85
Clay and Shale Deposits—
New Westminster  85
Gabriola Island  85
Gypsum Deposits—
Falkland j.  85
Limestone Deposits—
Koeye River  86
Grand Forks  86
Texada Island  86
Vancouver Island  86
Silica Deposits—
Grand Forks -  87
Stone, Sand, and Gravel—
Vancouver  87
New Westminster  87
Nelson Island  87
Vancouver Island  87
Coal Mines—
Production, 1943    88
Production, 1939-1943  90
Individual Mine Production, 1943  91
Employment Chart  92
Labour and Employment  93
Coal Imports  93
Accidents  93
Explosives  96
Machine-mined Coal    97
Safety-lamps  97
Electricity    99 A 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1943.
Coal Mines—Continued. Page.
Ventilation  100
Mine-air Samples  100
Inspection Committees  100
Coal-dust  101
Dangerous Occurrences  101
Bumps,  102
Outbursts :  103
Prosecutions  104
Government Rescue-stations  104
Training .  105
Supervision of Coal Mines  105
" Coal Sales Act "  105
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials  106
Inspection of Coal Mines—
Vancouver Island Inspection District .  107
Nanaimo  107
Comox  111
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District  113
Northern Inspection District  120
Peace River Area  121
Vicinity of Quesnel  122
East Kootenay Inspection District  122
Inspection of Metalliferous Mines  132
List of Publications  137
List of Libraries  139
Synopses of Mining Laws and Laws specially related to Mining  141
List of Prices charged for Acts  154
Index  155 Annual Report of the Minister of Mines, 1943.
THE MINING INDUSTRY.
The gross value of mine production in 1943 was $65,892,395, a decrease of
$9,658,698 from 1942. This figure of $65,892,395 is $473,845 less than the actual value
due to the valuation of copper on the London price, to conform with the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics' figures, whereas British Columbia copper is sold in the United
States at the American price. Some British Columbia lead and zinc is also sold in
the United States and this would add a little more to the total value of mine production.
Comparing the actual figures for 1942 and 1943 the real decrease is approximately
$10,569,554.
The decreased value of mine production is due largely to curtailment of gold
production resulting from a shortage of labour. The decrease in gold production
amounted to $9,053,929.
Copper production declined 15.6 per cent, in volume and 1.6 per cent, in value;
lead 12.5 per cent, in volume and 2.3 per cent, in value; and zinc 15.5 per cent, in
volume and 1 per cent, in value.
Mercury production, which occasionally amounted to a few hundred pounds a year
before the war, jumped to 153,543 lb. in 1940 and in 1943 became one of the Province's
major metals with an output of 1,690,240 lb. valued at $4,599,200.
Tungsten, another war metal, with small intermittent production prior to 1940,
increased in output from a value of $4,917 in 1939 to $702,385 in 1943.
Antimony, arsenic, cadmium, and other minor metals, with the exception of bismuth, all showed decreases. Most of these metals are by-products from the treatment
of lead-zinc ores.
Coal production was down 6 per cent, from 1942 in volume and value.
Non-metallics, clay products, and structural materials all showed small decreases
in the aggregates, though some items such as face, paving, and sewer brick showed
large increases.
The total number of shipping-mines decreased from 126 to 48. The decrease
included nine major operations, eleven minor operations, and numerous leasing and
small operations making direct shipments to shelters.
The number of men employed decreased from 13,270 to 12,448.
Wages and salaries decreased from $26,913,160 to $26,051,467.
Dividends decreased from $13,627,000 to $11,860,000.
It is of interest to compare 1939 figures with those for 1943. The value of mine
production for the two years is almost the same, amounting to $65,681,547 in 1939 and
$65,892,395 in 1943. Base-metal prices have risen slightly, the most important changes
being for lead and zinc, though they are still selling at what would be low normal
peace-time prices.
Employment has decreased from 15,890 to 12,448, while wages and salaries have
increased from $22,357,035 to $26,051,467. Capital employed has increased from
$135,473,482 to $140,782,366. Fuel and electricity has increased from $3,266,203 to
$7,432,585, whereas process supplies have decreased slightly from $6,714,347 to
$6,572,317. The decrease in process supplies may be accounted for in part by shortage
of supplies and more repairs, and in part by reduction in tonnage in lode mines from
7,211,223 to 5,429,557 tons.
Dividends are just about the same, being only $5,539 greater in 1939 than in 1943.
In view of rising costs against the same value output, this would appear to indicate
9 A 10 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1943.
drawing on richer ore or the distribution of profits without adding greatly to reserves,
for, during the same time, taxation also has increased.
GENERAL SITUATION.
The mining industry is experiencing difficult times and it is in a critical condition,
due chiefly to the shortage of labour, and this is a direct result of the war.
Gold production will show a further decline in 1944 and the value will probably be
less than $6,000,000. During the past two years eighteen gold mines have closed down
and the eight remaining in production are having a difficult time to keep operating.
Some of them have to alternate between development and breaking of ore, and accordingly have been milling intermittently.
Copper-mining has fared little better than gold-mining and the Province's two big
producers have suffered labour losses comparable to the losses in gold mines. Copper-
mining will do well to hold its own in 1944.
Lead-zinc mining also will do well to hold its own.
Mercury production, which has become of major importance, is being almost
entirely cut off as from the middle of 1944, and as production is being curtailed during
the early part of the year the total will be a fraction only of the output for 1943.
British Columbia should be able to break into the world's mercury markets in the
post-war period on a competitive basis.
Tungsten production, which also developed rapidly, was suddenly cut off in the
early autumn of 1943. Canada's requirements were easily met and production was so
ahead of our own requirements that when the outside market was cut off tungsten-
mining ceased. It does not appear likely that tungsten-mining will be revived until
after the war, when British Columbia may be able to compete in world markets.
Coal production will probably be less in 1944 than in 1943. The domestic coal-
supply is likely to be very tight and perhaps critically so during the winter of 1944-45.
If all the labour wanted for the coal mines could be made available, it would be some
months before a noticeable increase in production could be achieved from Vancouver
Island mines.
Non-metallics, clay products, and structural materials are not expected to show any
great change in value production.
It appears that a reduction of about $7,500,000 in value output will occur in 1944.
Though 1944 will not be a year of great production, it will mark another milestone
in mine production of British Columbia. The value of mine production will pass the
$2,000,000,000 mark. Half of this amount has been produced during the past seventeen years. It is of interest to note that during this seventeen-year period, copper has
sold at an average of over 13 cents in only three years, lead at an average of over 4
cents in four years, and zinc at an average of over 4 cents in four years. Silver has
sold at an average of over 60 cents in only one year and at an average of over 50 cents
in four years. Gold has increased in price from $20.67 to $38.50 in Canadian funds,
and this increase in value has accounted in the short period of twelve years for
$120,000,000 of new wealth.
The urgent demand for the discovery and development of war minerals such as
mercury and tungsten is apparently over for the present. The chief problem facing
the mining industry is to retain enough labour to keep our presently producing mines
in operation and to encourage prospecting and, to a certain extent, some preliminary
development-work without affecting our war effort, so that the industry can take its
place in the post-war life of our country and provide work for our returned men. STATISTICS. A 11
STATISTICS.
TABLES.
The collection and compilation of mining statistics and the preparation of statistical tables for this report is in charge of the Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
Department of Trade and Industry.
Under Dominion regulations, certain mineral production statistics were not allowed
to be published as from 1940, but early in 1944 most of the restrictions were removed
and statistical tables which were withheld from the Annual Reports for 1940, 1941, and
1942 appear in the present issue, along with the tables for 1943, making the series of
tables complete to date.
Since 1939 several mining divisions have been amalgamated with others. These
changes may be of interest to those studying the tables and therefore have been set
forth under the heading "Amalgamation of Mining Divisions," page ??.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION.
The total mine output of the Province consists of the outputs of metalliferous
minerals, coal, structural materials, and miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials,
valued at standard recognized prices in Canadian funds.
In the Annual Report for 1925 some changes were made in the methods used in
previous years in computing and valuing the products of the industry, but in order to
facilitate comparisons with former years the same general style of tables was adhered
to. The methods used in the 1925 Annual Report have been followed in subsequent
Annual Reports, with the addition of new tables.
The following notes explain the methods used:—
(1.) From the certified returns of lode mines of ore and concentrate shipments
made during the full calendar year by the producers the net recovered metal contents
have been determined by deducting from the " assay value content" necessary corrections for smelting and refining losses.
In making comparisons of production figures with previous years, it should be
remembered that prior to 1925 in the Annual Reports the total metal production, with
the exception of copper, was determined by taking the assay value content of all ores
shipped; deductions for slag losses were made by taking varying percentages of the
metal prices.
(2.) Gold-placer returns are received from operators giving production in crude
ounces recovered; these are converted to fine-gold ounces by dividing the crude-ounce
value by the old standard price of gold. The fine-gold content is then valued at the
yearly average price of gold, which in 1943 was $38.50 per ounce. On this basis the
average crude-gold value per ounce was $31.66 on Provincial placer-gold production.
(3.) The prices used in valuing the different metals are: For gold, the average
price for the year; for silver, the average New York metal-market price for the year;
for lead, zinc, and copper the average London metal-market price for the year. Prior
to 1932 copper was valued at the average New York price. The change was made
because very little copper was being marketed in the United States on account of high
tariff charges against importations from foreign countries. The bulk of the lead and
zinc production of the Province is sold on the basis of the London prices of these metals
and they are therefore used. The New York, St. Louis, and Montreal lead- and zinc-
market prices differ materially from the London prices of these metals and are not
properly applicable to the valuing of the British Columbia production.
The Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Provincial Statistical Bureaus have
agreed upon the following procedure for taking care of the exchange fluctuations:—
(a.) Silver to be valued at the average New York price, adjusted to Canadian
funds at the average exchange rate. A 12 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(b.) Lead, zinc, and copper to be valued at London prices, adjusted to Canadian funds at the average exchange rate.
(c.)   For 1943 production of copper, lead, zinc, and silver, average prices were
agreed upon with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, in conjunction with
the  Dominion  Metals  Controller.    These prices  reflect the  fact  that
several producers have been receiving higher prices than those fixed
shortly after the outbreak of war.
(4.) In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics.    The practice in former years had been to list coal and coke production (in part) as primary
mineral production.    Only the coke made in bee-hive ovens was so credited;  that made
in by-product ovens was not listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was
credited as coal production.    The result was that the coke-production figures were
incomplete.   Starting with the 1926 Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau
of Statistics, Ottawa, has been adopted.    This consists of crediting all coal produced,
including that used in making coke, as primary mine production.    Coke-making is
considered a manufacturing industry.    As it is, however, of interest to the mining
industry, a table included in the report shows the total coke produced in the Province,
together with by-products, and the values given by the producers.    This valuation of
coke is not, of course, included in the total gross mine production of the Province.
From 1918 to 1930 coal production was valued at $5 per long ton. In 1931 the
price used was $4.50, and from 1932 on the price used has been $4.25 per long ton.
In making comparisons with former years the decline in dollar value is accentuated
by this lowered price. STATISTICS.
A 13
TABLE I.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1942 and 1943.
Quantity,
1942.
Quantity,
1943.
Value,
1942.
Value,
1943.
Per Cent.
Increase ( + ) or
Decrease ( —).
Quantity.
Value.
Metallics.
6,155,751
$
516,975
246,230
476,408
1,130,141
5,052,856
17,113,943
1,041,772
15,575,104
2,942,944
4,080,775
230,232
13,536,801
7,415
790,822
$
189,408
27,721
562,484
705,780
4,971,132
8,639,516
462,270
15,214,417
4,559,200
3,858,496
702,385
13,405,481
270
450,623
— 55.0
— 15.6
— 49.B
— 55.6
— 12.5
+ 63.2
— 12.0
— 15.5
$
— 63.4
Arsenic   (AS0O3)   -	
 lb.
2,772,023
— 88.7
+ 18.0
— 37.5
 lb.
fine, oz.
crude, oz.
  lb.
50,097,716
444,518
32,904
463,269,005
1,035,576
9,677,881
396,857,260
42,307,510
224,403
14,600
405,285,476
1,690,240
8,526,310
335,137,014
—    1.6
Gold, lodef     ". _	
Gold, placert  —	
— 49.5
— 55.6
— 2.3
 lb.
+ 5S.0
Silver    _ _ -	
   oz.
—    5.4
Tungsten concentrates  , 	
..„ lb.
+205.0
—    1.0
Totals _	
62,742,418
53,749,183
-  14.3
Fuel.
Coal (2,240 lb.)  , _ _
 tons
mica     . .
1,938,158
1,821,654
8,237,172
7,742,030
—    6.0
-    6.0
Non-metallics.
45,052
41,460
16,694
143,934
4.604
40,808
1,134,566
19,207
140,299
11,711
142,176
4,836
4,697
1,039,108
+ 24.4
— 45.3
— 69.4
— 10.0
57 4
63,280
1,213
78,713
664
+238.4
— 29.8
1 2
Granules—slate and rock, talc —
 ,. .tons
Dhate - tons
+    5.0
— 88.5
— 8.4
Sodium carbonate, magnesium sul
1,396
116,246
427
104,599
Totals         	
1,427,118
1,362,034
—    4.6
CTURAL
 No.
" - No.
Clay Products and other Strt
Materials.
Clay Products.
Brick-
Common     	
Face, paving, sewer brick
4,058,954
202,664
2,736,792
695,064
77,140
7,450
219,680
11,467
39,353
148,179
3,106
2,481
55,508
21,825
227,594
9,706
27,617
153,153
2,917
5,485
— 32.6
+243.0
— 16.3
+ 34.2
— 28.0
+ 193.0
+    3.6
— 15.4
Fireclay   - —	
 tons
843
897,418
706
Drain-tile, sewer-pipe — -	
- No.
1,204,508
+    3.4
—    6.0
Other clay products ; bentonite
+122.0
Totals- 	
508,856
503,805
—    1.0
s.
Other Structural Material
1,198,014
273,933
948,662
58,749
156,171
1,146,865
340,988
890,058
56,436
100,996
+ 22.5
+ 13.8
— 37.0
—     4.3
104,856
128,469
+ 24.5
—     6.2
2,709
171,574
3,084
108,122
—    4.0
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock 	
 — tons
— 35.3
Totals  ' 	
2,635,529
2,535,343
—    4.0
funds
75,551,093
65,892,395
— 12.8
* Dominion production of copper is evaluated at the average pries on the London market and British Columbia
production in the above table is likewise so valued, in order that Dominion and Provincial compilations agree. It is
to he noted that British Columbia copper is contracted for and paid for in United States funds, and if such had
been used an additional gross amount of about $1,384,701 could be added to the above Provincial value for 1942 and
$473,845 for 1943. For 1943 production of copper, lead, zinc, and silver, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, in conjunction with the Dominion Metals Controller, realizing several of the producers were getting higher prices than
thos? fixed shortly after the outbreak of war, agreed on what would be more adequate average prices, and the production values in Table I. reflect that trend. British Columbia lead, zinc, and silver, in addition to being exported
to the United Kingdom under war-time contracts, are disposed of in considerable volume in Eastern Canada and the
United States.
t Canadian funds.
t Sulphur content of pyrites shipped, estimated sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste smelter-
gases and elemental sulphur.
Note.—The Dominion Government has now granted permission to disclose production figures on most metals
and minerals, and the above table compares in general with Table I. in the Annual Report for 1939, which was the
last year in which Table I. appeared in detail. A 14
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1943.
TABLE I.a.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1940 and 1941.
Quantity,
1940.
Quantity,
1941.
Value,
1940.
Value,
1941.
Peb Cent.
Increase ( + ) or
Decrease ( —).
Quantity.     Value.
Metallics.
Antimony 	
Bismuth 	
Cadmium 	
Copper*   „	
Gold, lodet _
Gold, placert
Lead 	
Mercury 	
Silver   	
  lb.
 fine, oz,
..crude, oz.
 _. lb.
 lb.
77,980,223
583,416
39,067
485,364,420
153,543
12,327,944
Tungsten  concentrates
Zinc     	
.lb.
310,767,251
66,435,583
571,026
43,775
490,185,657
536,298
12,175,700
363,302,195
Other precious metals
Other metals _ —
Totals..
Fuel.
Coal (2,240 lb.)
tons
1,667,827
1,802,353
Non-metallics.
Barytes,  diatomite, mica  - —
Fluxes—limestone, quartz tons
Granules—slate and rock, talc .  —tons
Gypsum products, gypsite — —
Iron oxides    - 	
Sodium carbonate, magnesium sulphate .tons
Sulphur}:   tons
Totals 	
Clay Products and other Structural
Materials.
69,420
474
82,337
950
220
90,213
441
103,140
Clay Products.
Brick—
Common
-No.
Face, paving, sewer brick  No.
Firebricks, blocks _	
8,655,120
987,161
7,532,760
485,816
Fireclay    - tons
Structural tile—hollow blocks  - _	
Drain-tile,  sewer-pipe   - -No.
Pottery—glazed or unglazed   _	
Other clay products; bentonite 	
Totals-	
609
1,119,455
795
1,095,704
Other Structural Materials.
Cement  - „-	
Lime and limestone   	
Sand and gravel   .	
Stone—building, pulpstone  	
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock  -	
Totals  -	
123,461
111,858
. tons
-tons
1,559
287,042
2,228
192,640
Total value in Canadian funds.
I
10
$
396,468
56,384
905,734
865,085
461,516
.236,928
317,952
353,809
715,315
1,320
600,271
1,055
64,911,837
7,088,265
3,201
31,262
6,883
120,043
3,948
1,760
999,116
1,166,213
132,434
38,328
140,727
8,294
47,543
130,842
11,321
10,094
519,583
704,567
294,682
708,622
55,347
252,039
2,015,257
75,701,155
488,147
1,269,
6,700,
21,984,
1,385,
16,480,
1,335,
4,658,
21,
12,392,
2,
2,
,533
,693
501
.962
042
683
545
453
238
293
944
— 14.8
— 2.1
+ 12.1
+ 1.0
+249.3
— 1.2
66,722,034
7,660,000
8,668
50,929
12,216
141,320
2,885
9,611
1,026,794
1,252,423
129,541
17,645
210,911
12,216
21,000
163,096
11,230
1,308
566,947
986,322
286,006
794,526
60,310
151,151
2,278,315
78,479,719
+ 17.0
+    8.1
+ 18.6
+ 100.4
+100.5
+ 14.3
— 13.0
— 50.8
+ 30.5
— 2.0
-    9.4
+ 43.0
— 33.0
+ 23.0
— 100.0
+ 40.2
— 14.8
— 2.1
+ 12.1
+ 1.0
+277.5
— 1.2
+ 17.0
+    2.8
+    8.1
+ 170.8
+ 62.9
+ 77.5
+ 17.7
— 26.9
+446.0
+    2.8
+    7.4
— 2.2
— 54.0
+ 50.0
+ 47.3
— 55.8
+ 24.7
— 0.8
— 87.0
+    9.1
+ 40.0
— 2.9
+ 12.1
+ 9.0
— 40.0
+ 13.0
+    3.7
* Dominion production of copper is evaluated at the average price on the London market and British Columbia
production in the above table is likewise so valued, in order that Dominion and Provincial compilations agree. It is
to be noted that British Columbia copper is contracted for and paid for in United States funds, and if such had
been used an additional gross amount of about $1,373,232 could be added to the above Provincial value for 1940 and
$1,265,598 for 1941.
f Canadian funds.
t Sulphur content of pyrites shipped, estimated sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste smelter-
gases and elemental sulphur.
Note.—The Dominion Government has now granted permission to disclose production figures on most metals
and minerals, and the above table compares in general with Table I. in the Annual Report for 1939, which was the
last year in which Table L appeared in detail. STATISTICS.
A 15
TABLE II.—Average Metal Prices used in compiling Value of Provincial
Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc.
Year.
Gold,
Fine Ounce.
Silver,
Fine Ounce.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead;
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
1901	
$
20.67
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.141
38.50
38.50
38.50
38.50
Cents.
56.002 N.Y.
49.55     „
50.78 „
53.36 „
51.33      „
63.45      „
62.06      „
50.22     „
48.93      „
50.812   „
50.64 „
57.79 „
56.80 „
52.10      „
47.20      „
62.38      „
77.35      „
91.93      „
105.57      „
95.80
59.52      „
64.14      „
61.63      „
63.442    „
69.065 „
62.107    „
56.37 „
58.176    „
52.993    „
38.154    „
28.700    „
31.671    „
37.832    „
47.461    „
64.790    „
45.127    „
44.881    „
43.477    „
40.488    „
38.249    „
38.261    „
41.166    „
*45.254 „
Cents.
16.11   N.Y.
11.70     „
13.24      „
12.82      „
15.59 „
19.28      „
20.00      „
13.20      „
12.98      „
12.738    „
12.38      „
16.341    „
15.27 „
13.60 „
17.28 „
27.202    „
27.18      „
24.63      „
18.70      „
17.45      „
12.50      „
13.33      „
14.42      „
13.02      „
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92
14.570    „
18.107    „
12.982    „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795    „
9.477    „
13.078    „
9.972    „
10.092    „
10.086    „
10.086    „
10.086    „
*11.75     „
Cents.
2.577 N.Y.
3.66 „
3.81      „
3.88     „
4.24      „
4.81     „
4.80      „
3.78     „
3.85      „
4.00      „
3.98     „
4.024    „
3.93     „
3.50     „
4.17     „
6.172    „
7.91      „
6.67 „
5.19      „
7.16     „
4.09      „
5.16     „
6.54      „
7.287   „
7.848 Lond.
6.751   „
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050    „
3.927    „
2.710    „
2.113    „
2.391    „
2.436    „
3.133    „
3.913    „
5.110   „
3.344    „
3.169   „
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.362    „
*3.754 „
Cents.
1902
1903 	
1904
1905 , .
1906
	
1907
1908                               _    ...
1909         _- ....
1910	
1911
4.60 E. St. L.
4.90     „
1912                 	
5.90     „
1913
4.80
1914 . _	
1915	
4-40      „
11.25      „
1916	
1917                         ■
10.88     „
7.566   „
1918    	
6.94
1919
6.24
1920         _	
6.52
1921                	
3.95      „
1922                       -    	
4.86      „
1923
5.62      „
1994
5.39
109fi
7.892 Lond.
1926
7.409   „
1927
6.194    „
199R
5.493   „
1929                	
5.385    „
1930                 _         	
3.599    „
1931      	
2.554    „
1935
2.405    „
1933      	
3.210    „
1934    	
3.044    „
1935       -
3.099    „
193i;
3.315    „
1937
4.902    „
1938
3.073    „
3.069    ,
1940 —- - - ;,..
1941     	
3.411    „
3.411    „
1942	
1943    	
3.411    „
•4.00    „
Average, 1939-43 (inclusive) - —
38.028
40.684    "
10.420    „
3.402    „
3.460    „
* Refer to foot-note on Table I. regarding average prices of copper, silver, lead, and zinc for 1943.
Note.—In making comparisons with average prices used prior to 1925, it should be remembered that deductions
were made from the average prices as a mean3 of adjustment between the " assay value content" of ores shipped
instead of allowing percentage losses in smelting operations. The price of copper prior to 1925 was taken at " net " ;
silver, at 95 per cent.; lead, at 90 per cent.; and zinc, at 85 per cent. Subsequent to 1925 (inclusive) prices are
true averages, and adjustments are made on the metal content of ores for loss in smelting and refining. A 16
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE III.—Total Production for all Years up to and including 1943.
Gold, placer
Gold, lode	
Silver 	
Copper 	
Lead 	
Zinc 	
Coal and coke	
Structural materials 	
Miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials
Total	
$91,537,383*
318,970,944*
155,423,218
330,644,819
327,089,360
209,776,126
415,086,569
90,336,204
40,747,477
$1,979,612,100
* Canadian funds.
TABLE IV.—Production for each Year from 1852 to 1943 (inclusive) .
1852 to 1895 (inclusive).-  $94,547,370   1921
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
7,507,956
10,455,268
10,906,861
12,393,131
16,344,751
20,086,780
17,486,550
17,495,954
18,977,359
22,461,325
24,980,546
25,882,560
23,851,277
24,443,025
26,377,066
23,499,072
32,440,800
30,296,398
26,388,825
29,447,508
42,290,462
37,010,392
41,782,474
33,296,313
35,543,084
1922 _.
1923 ...
1924 ...
1925 ...
1926 ...
1927 ...
1928 ...
1929 ...
1930 ...
1931 ...
1932 ...
1933 ...
1934 ...
1935 ...
1936 ...
1937 ...
1938 -
1939 ...
1940 ...
1941 ...
1942 ...
1943 ...
Total.
$28,066,641
35,162,843
41,304,320
48,704,604
61,492,242
67,188,842
60,729,358
65,372,583
68,245,443
55,391,993
34,883,181
*28,798,406
*32,602,672
*42,305,297
*48,821,239
*54,081,967
*74,475,902
*64,485,551
*65,681,547
*75,701,155
*78,479,719
*75,551,093
*65,892,395
$1,979,612,100
[ Canadian funds. STATISTICS.
A 17
TABLE V.—Quantities and Value of Mine Products for 1940,
1941, 1942, AND 1943.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.
Description.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Gold, placer*      crude, oz.
Gold, lode*—___ fine, oz.
Silver  , , -oz.
Copper. _ lb.
Lead   lb.
Zinc -  lb.
39,067
583,416
12,327,944
77,980,223
485,364,420
310,767,251
$1,236,928
22,461,516
4,715,315
7,865,085
16,317,952
10,600,271
7,088,265
2,534,840
2,880,983
43,775
571,026
12,175,700
66,435,583
490,185,657
363,302,195
1,802,353
$1,385,962
21,984,501
4,658,545
6,700,693
16,480,042
12,392,238
7,660,000
2,845,262
4,372,476
32,904
444,518
9,677,881
50,097,716
463,269,005
396,857,260
1,938,158
$1,041,772
17,113,943
4,080,775
5,052,856
15,575,104
13,536,801
8,237,172
3,143,382
7,769,288
14,600
224,403
8,526,310
42,307,510
405,285,476
335,137,014
1,821,654
$462,270
8,639,516
3,858,496
4,971,132
15,214,417
13,405,481
Coal - -long tons
1,667,827
7,742,030
3,039,148
Miscellaneous metals and
8,559,905
Totals	
$75,701,155
$78,479,719
$75,551,093
$65,892,395
* Canadian funds. A 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
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TABLE VII.—Value of Gold Production to Date.
Year.
Placer Gold.
Lode Gold.
Crude, Oz.
Value.
Fine, Oz.
Value.
1858-1862.	
493,582
814,180
494,766
450,960
278,996
192,076
126,271
17,806
20,276
24,084
27,201
25,676
32,167
67,245
63,936
48,505
53,657
53,021
55,765
48,465
47,420
41,400
32,350
23,850
27,000
21,300
27,775
25,000
28,500'
38,500
29,025
24,800
16,000'
14,325
11,080
11,660
18,240
20,320
21,037
16,476
20,912
9,191
8,424
6,983
8,955
17,176
20,400
23.928
25,181
30,929
43,389
54,153
57,759
49,746
39,067
43,775
32,904
14,600
$9,871,634
16,283,592
9,895,318
9,019,201
5,579,911
3,841,515
2,525,426
356,131
405,516
481,683
544,026
513,520
643,346
1,344,900
1,278,724
970,100
1,073,140
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
948,400
828,000
647,000
477,000
540,000
426,000
555,500
510,000
565,000
770,000
580,500
496,000
320,000
286,500
221.600
233,200
368,800'
420,000
420,750
280,092
355,503
156,247
143,208
118,711
152,235
291,992
395,542
562,787
714,431
895,058
1,249,940
1,558,24-5
1,671,015
1,478,492
1,236,928
1,385,962
1,041,772
462,270
$9,871,634
1863-1867.	
16,283,592
1868-1872 _	
9,895,318
1873-1877          -	
	
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1878-1882    _.
5,579,911
1883-1887	
	
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1888-1892    -	
2,525,426
1893   •	
1894       	
1,170
6,252
39,270
62,259
106,141
110,061
138,315
167,153
210,384
236,491
232,831
222,042
238,660
224,027
196,179
255,582
238,224
267,701
228,617
257,496
272,254
247,170
250,021
221,932
114,523
164,674
152.426
120,048
135,663
197,856
179,245
247,716
209,719
201,427
178,001
188,087
145,339
160,778
146,039
181,564
223,529
297,130
365,244
404,472
460,781
557,522
587,180
583,416
571,026
444,518
224,403
$23,404
125,014
785,400
1,244,180
2,122,820
2,201,217
2,857,573
3,453,381
4,348,605
4,888,269
4,812,616
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,513
5,322,442
5,627,490
5,109,004
5,167,934
4,587,334
2,367,190
3,403,812
3,150,645
2,481,392
2,804,154
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535
4,335,269
4',163,859
3,679,601
3,888,097
3,004,419
3,323,576
3,018,894
4,261,307
6,392,929
10,250,985
12,852,936
14,168,654
16,122,727
19,613,624
21,221,272
22,461,516
21,984,501
17,113,943
8,639,516
379,535
530,530
1895               .-   	
1,267,083
1896       - -	
1,788,206
1897 -	
2,636,340
1898... - .
2,844,563
1899	
1900        •-	
4,202,473
4,732,105
1901 	
1902 _ -.
5,318,703
5,961,409
1903    -	
5,873,036
1904            	
5,704,908
6,902,402
5,579,039
4,883,020
5,929,880
5,401,090
6,073,380
5,151,513
5,877,942
6,137,490
5,674,004
5,937,934
5,167,834
2,863,190
3,723,812
3,437,145
2,702,992
3,037,354
4,458,484
4,124,994
5,541,285
4,615,361
4,519,362
3,835,848
4,031,305
3,123,130
3,475,811
3,310,886
4,656,849*
6,955,716*
10,965,416*
13,747,994*
15,418,594*
17,680,972*
21,284,639*
22,699,764*
23,698,444*
23,370,463*
18,155,715*
9,101,786*
1905            	
1906            	
1907           	
1908	
1909   	
1910   .„ 	
1911 - 	
1912             	
1913 	
1914 .     	
1915     	
1916...... 	
1917            	
1918         	
1919	
1921   	
1922    	
1924             .    	
1925    	
1926... - -
1927	
1928	
1929                  	
1930    	
1931      ,  	
1932 _..
1933    	
1934  ....
1935	
1936.....	
1937	
1938   	
1939	
1940- -	
1941  ...    ...
1942	
1943	
Totals	
4,392,165
$91,537,383
11,872,558
$318,970,946
$410,508,327
* Canadian funds. STATISTICS.
A 21
TABLE VIII.—Output of Mine Products by Divisions, 1941, 1942, and 1943.
Mining Division.
1941.
1942.
1943.
Atlin _	
Portland Canal	
Skeena	
Stikine 	
Cariboo	
Omineca 	
Peace River.-	
Quesnel 	
Kamloops	
Nicola	
Vernon	
Greenwood-	
Osoyoos	
Similkameen 	
Ains worth  -
Arrow Lake 	
Fort Steele _	
Golden	
Lardeau	
Nelson  	
Revelstoke..	
Slocan	
Trail Creek	
Windermere.-	
Alberni	
Ashcroft	
Clayoquot 	
Clinton	
Lillooet. 	
Nanaimo	
New Westminster..
Quatsino 	
Vancouver. 	
Victoria 	
Totals-	
35
449,341
262,577
640,785
32,991
,157,927
547,379
2,459
170,457
183,054
107,525
34,657
740,814
223,666
786,602
44,408
127
,417,691
721,155
11,823
,748,001
19,443
625,979
,095,444
95
44,257
9,963
,429,603
13,688
,991,503
,034,831
679,169
16,347
,024,175
,211,793
$1,401,357
1,796,684
430,090
16,211
2,465,413
3,273,590
13,910
77,082
183,406
122,930
10,409
511,553
2,429,785
4,111,591
25,270
35,427,802
528,800
1,031
2,682,612
30,997
884,623
4,154,407
34,696
59,598
1,612,444
8,602
5,093,991
3,418,984
654,719
2,596,739
1,491,767
$314,005
1,100,439
58,309
2,311
1,161,053
5,357,775
59,354
20,360
161,820
155,606
2,177
361,396
1.490,888
3,497,570
49,405
34,397,668
438,726
95
892,159
29,031
1,089,433
3,282,427
527,401
9,964
5,679
3,312,574
3,435,235
607,133
2,607,391
1,465,011
$78,479,719
$75,551,093
$65,892,395 A 22
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE IX.a (1942 and 1943).—Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode Gold,
and Silver.
Divisions.
Year.
Tons.
Gold-
—Placer.
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
31,336
22,713
9,814
$
719,115
310,734
17,506
$
673,981
1,116
$
471
203,322
93,003
26,153
39,624
22,157
8,763
1,525,524
853,045
337,375
473,423
335,600
6,423
199,622
151,872
27
31
512
73
4,262
2,751
1,738
1,004
24
855
982
16,211
2,311
134,939
87,103
55,027
31,789
760
2 708
141,801
60,884
296
59,180
26,397
15
2,278,430
1,016,285
577
6,219
2,905
10,540
1,315
2,357
639
118
49
74,625
20,232
3,736
1,551
107
48
1,848
16
7
434
38
11,581
3,909
61
14
5
1,931
443
158
142
10
2,113
814
55,011
36,466
8,337
6,464
12
5,467
385
81,350
31,339
2,117,924
1,403,941
320,975
248,864
462
171
7
800,691
381,255
5,371
5,141
207,975
156,507
6,991
7,984
7,761,400
7,007,800
25,052
19,133
72
3
337,619
172,533
165,643
115,488
1,705,253
1,363,346
139
13,126
2,697,434
2,500,714
86,546
61,770
2,265
2,327
70
18
2,216
570
87,695
70,826
2,948
3,613
256
68
8,105
2,153
3,272,672
3,171,310
10 563
8,658
3
21
2
35
8
95
665
63
1,108
253
183,384
51,504
65,063
21,497
2,528,026
827,635
66,504
11,244
28,042
5,088
161,128
137,645
12,565
2,428
69,241
14,106
47
141
4,135
417
41,424
13,485
1,809
5,428
159,198
16,054
1.594,824
519,173
194,844
420,396
3,919
63,353
19,075
5,352
82,158
190,246
3
95
1,653
28,670
8,043
2,422
238
27
207
31
179
56
7,535
855
6,554
982
5,667
1,773
250,719
144,897
65
131,380
85,078
28
5,058,130
3,275,503
1,078
27,877
21,247
57
11,755
9,615
238
66
12
2,090
380
41
1,578
44
960,892
849,147
11,049
10,922
425,387
420,497
60,173
73,645
25,373
33,327
12
380
17,552
555
21,367
14,741
6,671
Totals	
1942
1943
6,708,277
5,429,557
32,904
14,600
1,041,772
462,270
444,518
224,403
17,113,943
8,639,516
9,677,881
8,526,310
4,080,775
3,858,496 STATISTICS.
A 23
TABLE IX.B (1942 and 1943).—Production in Detail of Copper, Lead, and Zinc.
Divisions.
Year.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Atlin
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
1942
1943
$
$
$
82,397
113,208
135,045
8,311
13,302
13,621
1,880,647
1,899,457
1,726
03,227
71,306
58
57,075
1,919
12,592
430
1,211
122
	
 	
1
43
1
56
2
Greenwood	
7,058
712
478.169
230,406
16,076
8,650
664,250
296,564
22,658
11,863
22,086
68,679
31,829,383
22,892,724
2,228
8,069
3,210,312
2,689,895
13,023
458,629
438
17,217
15,279,214
14,871,584
167,397
140,065
650
615,620
362,394,000
307,084,000
9,358,499
6,350,377
22
24,625
454,468,000
396,153,000
4,979,078
3,731,081
12,361,259
12,283,360
319,218
254,015
904,511
71,320
30,410
2,677
1,345,004
61,396
45,878
2,456
396,263
2,223,448
399,925
9,330
13,322
83,468
23,082,209
20,257,281
787,334
810,291
175,486
2,585,386
72,907
303,783
7,353
15,013
314
Clinton	
708
71
17,771,435
16,436,868
1,792,427
1,931,332
81,140
73,075
2,728
2,743
210,645
24,751
45,135
1,694
471,776
18,871
1942
1943
50,097,716
42,307,510
5,052,856
4,971,132
463,269,005
405,285,476
15,575,104
15,214,417
396,857,260
335,137,014
13,536,801
13,405,481
* Includes zinc and lead, recovered at the Trail Smelter, from current and reclaimed slags, derived from mines
in several mining divisions. A 24
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE IX.A (1940 and 1941).—Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode Gold,
and Silver.
Year.
Tons.
Gold—Placer.
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
Divisions.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
1940
1941
1940 .
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
80,364
89,610
383,999
361,130
39,437
39,657
11,417
22,412
3
$
301,482
709,587
95
22,954
19,091
50,324
51,296
14,903
13,613
$
883,729
735,004
1,937,474
1,974,896
573,766
524,101
1,302
1,151
624,533
530,460
5,224
11,922
$
498
440
238,878
202,959
67
43
2,121
1,042
8,722
8,003
5,432
4,011
189
77
7,049
5,284
260
106
2,121
1,361
67,154
32,991
276,154
253,383
171,986
126,993
5,984
2,438
223,183
167,297
8,232
3,356
1,998
4,562
161,055
183,655
293
530
64,839
73,283
91
265
2,496,301
2,821,396
3,504
10,202
6,577
7,570
47,761
47,679
2,516
2,896
18,268
18,242
3,386
201
4,759
4,275
679
920
29,756
24,668
159,611
166,919
1,652,626
1,760,686
1,625
1,286
2,484,647
2,643,985
83,118
96,747
6,191
1,218
302,571
241,134
603
108
437
141
237
503
4,990
5,314
52,395
56,228
15,762
12,706
401
769
57
23,216
4,158
16,824
5,428
9,124
19,365
192,115
204,589
2,017,208
2,164,778
606,837
489,181
15,438
29,607
2,195
626
1,115
20,750
7,031
471
311
1,216,140
1,195,047
6,676
8,738
269,111
253,893
3,985
4,996
9,480,569
9,434,600
94,592
76,280
1,549
9,765
114,885
127,759
239
427
7,937
2,690
200
336
243
26
6
8,232
10,638
7,694
823
190
180
119
465,161
457,237
2,554
3,343
169
577
5,351
18,268
97,142
1
396
434
24
8
7
12
298
14
94
82
32
12,538
13,741
760
253
222
380
9,435
443
2,976
2,596
1,912
3,609,772
29,186
206
130
101,620
90,908
7,931
5,005
3,912,370
3,499,958
593
3,736
43,942
48,882
106,942
114,130
16,713
18,182
105,589
106,399
165
67
9,646
7,357
74,306
63,131
6,352
2,579
371,371
283,245
2,860,781
2,430,543
150,088
225,263
10,417
7,741
30,431
31,314
57 407
4
1
127
32
86,188
3
95
11,639
11,981
549
43
571
329
502
345
79
35
489
505
17,382
1,362
18,079
10,417
15,894
10,923
2,501
1,108
15,483
15,989
2,745
2
272,542
301,281
2,339
6
296
685
2,125,260
1,781,497
95
1,334
26
144,843
154,708
930
7
131
332
22 242
21,043
51,359
1,001
5,376,456
5,956,258
35,805
269
5,043
12,782
856,317
810,156
1,299
4
39,096
40,851
1,510
6
58
6,192
200,256
146,012
88
2
14,954
15,630
2
2°
2,369
76,596
55,866
34
116
46
3,673
1,456
Totals	
1940
1941
8,026,639
7,938,803
39,067
43,775
1,236,928
1,385,962
583,416
571,026
22,461,516
21,984,501
112,327,944
12,175,700
|  4,715,315
|  4,858,545
1 STATISTICS.
A 25
TABLE IX.b (1940 and 1941).—Production in Detail of Copper, Lead, and Zinc.
Divisions.
Year.
COPPEE.
Lead.
Zinc.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Atlin	
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
••941
1040
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
$
$
$
2,961
124,579
130,242
169,853
299
12,565
13,136
17,131
1,021,450
1,870,299
34,341
62,879
16,034
539
6,281
214
2,057
73,924
207
7,456
148,035
140,596
4,977
4,727
74,195
70,930
2,531
2,419
50,784
5,122
1,498
109,202
11,447
50
3,672
385
2,412
58,355
27,361
82
1,991
933
161,574
18,295
103,609
49,055
38,105,101
37,147,838
16,297
1,845
10,456
4,948
3,849,332
3,746,731
505,957
496,131
17,010
16,680
851,784
903,155
29,054
30,807
67,741
32,506
469,405,000
478,184,000
11,772,038
6,165,640
20,133
49,721
1,673,889
2,278,383
2,277
1,093
15,783,413
16,076,546
395,776
207,289
677
1,672
56,276
76,599
164,845
48,782
285,068,000
331,669,000
17,272,468
13,608,426
117,566
30,195
1,048,996
1,772,021
5,623
1,664
9,723,635
11,313,230
589,154
464,183
4,010
1,030
35,781
60,444
319,902
606,628
10,752
20,395
1,882,696
15,151,469
4,229,346
64,219
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
1940
1941
516,817
Trail Creek*	
445,669
355,929
309,530
69,918
44,953
35,899
31,219
7,052
144,263
38,070
31,614
1,280
1,063
608
61
195
20
674
23
3,721
375
494
50
16,056
222 429
285,104
540
7,478
9,585
12,163
415
38,598,897
28,426,192
4,691
3,893,085
2,887,066
473
1940
1941
77,980,223
66,435,583
7,865,085
6,700,693
485,364,420
490,185,657
10,317,952
16,480,042
310,767,251
363,302,195
10,600,271
12,392,238
* Includes zinc and lead, recovered at the Trail Smelter, from current and reclaimed slags, derived from mines
in several mining divisions.
PROVINCE     UQRAk
VICTORIA, B. C A 26
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Table IX.c.—Production Value of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper,
Lead, and Zinc in 1940, 1941, 1942, and 1943.
Divisions.
1940.
1941.
1942.
1943.
Atlin                          -         	
$
1,245,709
2,211,087
591,021
67,154
2,774,971
201,473
5,984
223,183
36,809
30,424
17,536
727,331
2,030,408
4,564,452
24,862
29,147,985
1,021,881
13,433
4,057,804
2,976
138,730
564,603
2,905,014
17,382
69,996
5,607,347
39,258
20,598
4,833,476
4,180
$
1,445,031
2,253,299
547,908
32,991
3,077,675
170,039
2,438
167,297
8,073
9,436
30,122
711,981
2,173,069
4,351,322
34,308
31,013,289
700,911
11,823
3,686,326
2,596
626,106
322,166
2,450,639
1,362
11,420
5,982,811
1,379
32,095
3,742,673
1,456
$
1,393,567
1,796,684
354,617
16,211
2,415,991
62,397
760
74,625
5,713
310,734
1,089,525
982
2,311
1,104,703
Omineca — .
31,789
20,232
1,552
7,473
458,573
2,122,417
3,621,198
3,870
30,921,250
497,178
831
Greenwood	
224,385
1,414,337
3,010,155
45,455
Fort Steele	
30,328,407
Golden    	
402,738
95
2,633,021
1,108
884,623
178,645
1,610,534
7,535
6,554
5,075,552
1,102
3,758
2,245,915
380
837,919
Kevelstoke ,	
253
1,089,433
Trail Creek	
Alberni.. -    	
Ashcroft 	
363,520
521,595
855
982
3,286,891
Nanaimo	
2,387,899
73,354
Totals	
63,197,067
63,601,981
56,401,251
46,551,312 STATISTICS.
A 27
TABLE IX.D.—Production of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, and Silver, 1900-1943.
Gold—Placer.
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Atlin*	
612,111
14,301,140
107,104
$
3,726,094
56,852
$
34,035
201
4,260
1,800,830
46,668,423
48,875,386
27,186,913
3,879
85,467
414,794
9,379,046
265,198
182,759
29,111
759,809
114
4,120
20
8
1,908,709
38,911,328
491,552
18,031,051
54,503
23,788
45,284
1,184,561
8,638
197,545
2,350,470
1,454,199
4,057
93,217
620,572
12,893,137
198
7,156
271
110
3,284
81,947
39,363
1,317,641
281,229
167,209
230
4,652
8,510
234,352
266,459
125,962
2,082
54,650
5,202
175,254
7,643
3,780
Greenwood   	
4,038
95,634
1,084,167
23,342,388
22,176,211
11,106,882
Osoyoos  	
188
4,079
1,051,138
28,913,858
502,543
320,514
Similkameen....	
7,045
159,350
90,387
2,989,174
2,166,611
990,089
213
5,690
3,855
112,444
6,504,000
3,922,188
Fort Steele	
17,038
393,817
2,532
56,964
136,771,656
64,980,802
Golden	
466
11,203
70
1,447
1,309,501
785,531
1,755
37,886
24,886
652,251
2,084,569
1,119,625
Nelson 	
3,167
79,404
1,220,549
37,974,076
4,155,745
2,238,334
Revelstoke. '	
3,997
86,159
12
335
50,097
31,309
Slocan 	
150
3,596
6,263
152,346
39,898,381
24,173,175
Trail Creek	
848
24,176
2,603,898
55,555,885
3,305,972
1,843,552
Alberni	
1,579
32,094
271,587
10,229,824
147,044
66,954
Ashcroft	
10,942
251,620
8,476
289,680
16,804
9,513
Clinton —. 	
9,935
236,192
23,391
827,260
31,564
14,214
Lillooet§..	
90,449
1,852,045
1,656,721
57,227,930
442,231
197,553
572
13,221
67,890
1,426,275
518,645
298,523
New Westminster 	
10,227
233,172
4,311
233,172
13,373
5,960
182
5,306
288,923
8,635,176
3,552,711
1,914,344
Victoria 	
612
15,223
35,903
752,011
749,116
405,803
3,392,921
71,914,149
11,323,264
309,590,313
276,554,805
143,603,628
L_
* Atlin totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1898.
t Cariboo totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1858.
t Quesnel totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1858.
§ Lillooet totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1874. A 28
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE IX.e.—Production of Copper, Lead, and Zinc, 1900-1943.
Divisions.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Atlin            	
83,161
649,463,497
7,671,642
$
11,949
96,770,176
1,216,080
109,945
28,098,220
39,539
$
7,036
1,172,237
1,287
  	
$
15,277
490
6,126,209
656
6,239,613
30
345,809
492
3,960,018
16
Omineca	
1,345,688
248,654
5,767,133
536,304
614
441,171,575
1,779,809
299,687,169
10,175
28,592
57,378
5,594
5,685,261
683
219,318
116,850,749
2,225,948
633,775
57,548
400
20,223,405
26,489
709,249,184
20,721,043
1,021,694
103,443
89
70,493,191
196,579
35,361,564
1,201
6,193
10,590
785
889,008
124
42,287
17,374,402
333,373
155,721
5,905
41
3,201,703
6,379
96,312,731
3,075,062
368,662
2,219,064
6,374
9,092,494
252,418
238,577
121,546,266
7,233,687,404
94,635,651
9,556,854
53,472,129
939,741
294,848,399
16,970,979
108,328
99
193
62,463
20,737
88,661
293
360,117
7,475
9,006
5,982,472
292,877,433
3,457,451
381,932
2,337,827
55,885
14,098,469
689,209
3,679
4
7
2,542
409,170
319,393
2,820
9,051,559
5,209
64,377
34,542,548
4,561,308,816
100,575,356
438,478
24,632,825
8,093
220,048,151
157,917,364
26,063
10,485
149
301,527
Osoyoos	
163
2,616
1,040,198
183,219,888
3,409,624
20,021
1,461,693
Golden	
Lardeau	
469
13,048,136
Trail Creek*     	
5,292,401
12,163
17,981,772
471,776
28,144
7,831,421
45,135
1,081
272,802
1,694
415
Vancouver..	
563,988
18,871
2,288,282,655
327,935,958
7,880,398,768
322,175,175
5,133,633,321
208,776,121
* Includes zinc and lead recovered at the Trail Smelter, from current and reclaimed slags,  derived from mines
in several mining divisions. STATISTICS. A 29
Table IX.f.—Production Value of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead,
and Zinc, by Mining Divisions, 1900-1943.
Mining Division
Divisions. Total.
Atlin*   $18,080,254
Portland Canal    171,912,263
Skeena   11,465,233
Stikine  763,937
Cariboof  56,966,213
Omineca   4,776,456
Peace River  93,217
Quesnelt    12,900,403
Kamloops   2,635,291
Nicola   567,555
Vernon  234,215
Greenwood   105,699,739
Osoyoos   29,442,668
Similkameen  39,511,799
Ainsworth   11,064,193
Fort Steele   541,535,097
Golden   7,675,856
Lardeau  2,212,500
Nelson   44,980,342
Revelstoke   174,281
Slocan   51,518,009
Trail Creek  80,779,625
Alberni   10,665,924
Ashcroft   706,538
Clinton  1,083,578
Lillooet§   59,280,111
Nanaimo   4,939,722
New Westminster  357,314
Vancouver   107,704,347
Victoria   4,268,664
Provincial totals  $1,383,995,344
* Atlin totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1898.
t Cariboo totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1858.
t Quesnel totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1858.
§ Lillooet totals include estimated placer gold production from and including 1874. A 30
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1943.
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141,320
169,432
142,176
•(z^Bnf)
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10,516
27,359
23,449
124,761
	
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20,746
21,900
15,973
13,484
	
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50,929
41,460
140,299
■BDIJ\[
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7,528
3,470
3,373
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17,306
905,734
1,249,271
1,130,141
688,474
	
905,734
1,209,533
1,130,141
705,780
M^inuisig
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488,147
516,975
189,408
396.468
488,147
703,205
217,129
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1943 STATISTICS.
A 33
TABLE XII.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1895-1943.
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n A 34
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE XIII.—Production of Lode Mines in British Columbia, 1913-1943.
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m           oi                                 ai                                 oi                                 oi                                 ci                                 y_ STATISTICS.
A 35
TABLE XIV.—Coal Production per Year to Date.*
1836-1885	
1886	
1887	
Tons.
(2,240 lb.)
  3,029,011
    326,636
    413,360
1888.	
    489,301
1889	
    579,830
1890	
    678,140
1891	
_  1,029,097
1892.....	
    826,335
1893	
    978,294
1894	
  1,012,953
1895 	
    939,654
1896-  	
1897	
    896,222
882,854
1898 -	
  1,135,865
1899 	
  1,306,324
1900	
   1,439,595
1901.	
  1,460,331
1902
   1,397,394
1903	
  1,168,194
1904 	
1,253,628
1905	
  1,384,312
1906
   1,517,303
1907 .
   1,800,067
1908- -	
   1,677,849
1909 -.-	
  2,006,476
1910     	
_   2,800,046
1911	
    2,193,062
1912 	
   2,628,804
1913-	
  2,137,483
1914 _ .
    1,810,967
1915	
__. 1,611,129
Value.
$9,468,557
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,818,962
2,688,666
2,648,562
3,407,595
3,918,972
4,318,785
4,380,993
4,192,182
3,504,582
3,760,884
4,152,936
4,551,909
6,300,235
5,872,472
7,022,666
9,800,161
7,675,717
9,200,814
7,481,190
6,338,385
5,638,952
1916-
1917-
Tons.
(2,2401b.)
  2,084,093-
  2,149,975
1918 _    2,302,245
1919..-  2,267,541
1920    2,595,125
1921._  2,483,995
1922 _  2,511,843
1923   2,453,223
1924   1,939,526
1925..
1926-
1927-
1928-
1929..
    2,328,522
  2,330,036
,    2,453,827
  2,526,702
  2,251,252
1930.  1,887,130
1931   1,707,590
1932  1,534,975
1933    1,264,746
1934  1,347,090
1935  _  1,187,968
1936 L  1,346,471
1937  1,444,687
1938  1,309,428
1939   1,477,872
1940 .  1,667,827
1941  1,802,353
1942     1,938,158
1943    1,821,654
Totals-    97,226,370
Value.
$7,294,325
7,524,913
11,511,225
11,337,705
12,975,625
12,419,975
12,559,215
12,266,115
9,697,630
11,642,610
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
5,048,864
5,722,502
6,139,920
5,565,069
6,280,956
7,088,265
7,660,000
8,237,172
7,742,030
$389,412,969
* For all years to 1925   (inclusive)   figures are net coal production and do not include coal made into coke; subsequent figures are entire coal production,  including coal made into coke.
TABLE XV.—Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia
from 1895 to 1925.
Tons. Value.
(2,240 1b.)
1895-97    19,396 $96,980
1898 (estimated)  35,000 175,000
1899  _-   34,251 171,255
1900    85,149 425,745
1901  127,081 635,405
1902  128,015 640,075
1903- _   165,543 827,715
1904 _   238,428 1,192,140
1905  271,785 1,358,925
1906  199,227 996,135
1907     222,913 1,337,478
1908- _ _  247,399 1,484,394
1909    258,703 1,552,218
1910   218,029 1,308,174
1911      66,005 396,030
1912    264,333 1,585,998
Tons.
(2,240 1b.)
1913— -	
1914- _ -	
1915 - __	
1916 	
1917   	
1918  _	
1919— —	
1920 -	
1921 -  -	
1922—  	
1923  	
1924  	
1925— -.	
Totals-
Value.
286,045
$1,716,270
234,577
1,407,462
245,871
1,475,226
267,725
1,606,350
159,905
959,430
188,967
1,322,769
91,138
637,966
'67,792
474,544
59,434
416,038
45,835
320,845
58,919
412,433
30,615
214,305
75,185
526,295
4,393,255
$25,673,600
. A 36
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE XVI.—Coke and By-products Production of British Columbia,
1942 and 1943.
Description.
1942.
1943.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
228,448
$866,795
232,441
$983,910
Coke made in bee-hive ovens, long tons	
59,664
86,096
5,829
$439,464
608,521
54,307
38,184
39,192
83,673
$291,843
274,402
647,482
151,589
$1,102,292
2,165,888
86,113
22,028
161,049
$1,213,727
2,453,592
96,249
18,321
$3,376,321
$3,781,889 STATISTICS.
A 37
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1943.
Lode-gold Mines.*
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Arlington...
Athabasca..
Bayonne	
Bralorne Mines, Ltd—
Belmont-Surf Inlet —
Ltd..
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mines, Ltd 	
Cariboo-McKinney Con. M. & M. Co -	
Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico).
Centre Star .  	
Fairview Amalgamated 	
Fern Gold Mining & Milling Co.,
Goodenough (leasers) 	
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd	
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd—
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd	
I.X.L...  	
Jewel-Denero- _ — 	
Kelowna Exploration, Ltd. (Nickel Plate).
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd.. 	
Le Roi Mining Co _. 	
Le Roi No. 2, Ltd __ _  	
Lome (later Bralorne) 	
Motherlode  - 	
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd 	
Nickel Plate (Hedley Gold Mining Co., Ltd.)..
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd - 	
Poorman —   - 	
Premier Gold Mining Co..
Privateer Mine, Ltd _
Queen .
Ltd..
Relief Arlington Mines, Ltd. (Second Relief).
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd _  ...
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd.	
Silbak Premier Mines, Ltd	
Spud Valley Gold Mines, Ltd  	
Sunset No. 2   	
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd—
War Eagle — 	
Ymir Gold _ _  	
Ymir Yankee Girl	
Miscellaneous mineS-
Total, lode-gold mines-
E rie	
Nelson  	
Tye Siding	
Bridge River..	
Princess Royal Island
Wells  _	
Camp McKinney	
Nelson	
Rossland 	
Oliver 	
Nelson _ 	
Ymir 	
Sheep Creek— _.	
Hedley— - —
Wells _ _.
Rossland	
Greenwood  	
Hedley.	
Sheep Creek	
Rossland -	
Rossland 	
Bridge River	
Sheep Creek	
Zeballos  — -
Hedley.  	
Bridge River 	
Nelson   	
Premier _ _
Zeballos 	
Sheep Creek	
Erie-— _	
Sheep Creek 	
Sheep Creek-—	
Premier-— _	
Zeballos —
Rossland 	
Surf Inlet _ _.
Rossland 	
Ymir  	
Ymir __   _
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold-
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold-
Gold-
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold-
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
copper-
copper-
25,
25,
11,462,
1,437,
1,679,
565,
37,
472,
5.
9:
13,
255
1,290,
982.
134,
11,
1,200,
357.
1,475
1,574
20
163
165
3,423
9,299
25
$18,858
1,865
85
f290
tl,433,
2,137
$2,125,
168
115
120
1,245
300
f41S,
108
,872
000
000
150
500
976
,588
,500
255
,254
.375
,731
,000
,553
,409
,026
,751
,000
,856
,000
,640
,450
,500
,000
,191
,393
,000
,075
,101
,000
,000
,640
,500
,000
,000
,007
,279
250
,000
002
,623
$65,472,446
* The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
t Includes " Return of Capital " distributions.
$ Up to and including 1936, dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company, Limited, were derived f rom
operations of the company in British Columbia. Subsequent dividends paid by Premier Gold Mining Company,
Limited, have been derived from the operations of subsidiary companies in British Columbia and elsewhere and are
not included in the figure given. In 1936, Silbak Premier, a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company, took over
the former gold operations of that company in British Columbia.   Dividends paid by Silbak Premier are given above. A 38
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1943—Continued.
Silver-lead-zinc Mines.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Antoine._ — 	
B eaverdell-Wellington	
Beaver Silver Mines, Ltd.-
Bell  -
Bosun (Rosebery-Surprise).
Cap ella	
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd..
Couverapee — 	
Duthie Mines, Ltd	
Florence Silver_	
Goodenough 	
H.B. Mining Co	
Highland Lass, Ltd...
Highland Bell, Ltd	
Horn Silver.- -	
Ida ho-Alamo	
Iron Mountain (Emerald)..
Jackson  	
Last Chance	
Lone Bachelor- __	
Lucky Jim 	
Mercury  _	
Meteor—_	
Monitor and Ajax_~
Mountain Con	
McAllister 	
Noble Five__	
North Star _	
No. One 	
Ottawa. 	
Payne _	
Providence— 	
Queen Bess	
Rambler-Cariboo-
Reco	
Ruth Mines, Ltd...
St. Eugene  _
Silversmith and Slocan Starf..
Spokane-Trinket_ 	
Standard Silver Lead	
Sunset and Trade Dollar _
Utica  -„
Wallace Mines, Ltd. (Sally).
Washington	
W hite water 	
Miscellaneous mines-
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines	
Rambler___ _
Beaverdell	
Greenwood	
Beaverdell—	
New Denver	
New Denver	
Trail _.__	
Field	
Smithers 	
Ainsworth	
Cody 	
Hall Creek	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell	
Similkameen	
Sandon  	
Salmo	
Retallack 	
Three Forks __
Sandon..	
Three Forks	
Sandon 	
Slocan City	
Three Forks	
Cody.	
Three Forks	
Cody. __ _	
Kimberley  _
Sandon _ 	
Slocan City	
Sandon 	
Greenwood	
Alamo —	
Rambler	
Cody...	
Sandon  -
Moyie.	
Sandon _
Ainsworth	
S'ilverton 	
Retallack	
Kaslo	
Bea ve rdell	
Rambler Station
R etal lack	
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silveivlead-z:
Silver-lead-zi
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lea d-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-zi
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
S'ilver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-zi
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
SilveiMead-z
Silver-lead-z:
nc._
nc._
iic_
nc._
nc._
nc_-.
J1C-
none-..
none...
inc_
nc._
nc_
!nc._
ne_
nc._.
nc._
nc._.
none.-
nc_.
nc _.
nc...
nc_
nc .
nc~
$10,000
97,200
48,000
388,297
25,000
5,500
,265,879
5,203
50,000
35,393
45,668
8,904
132,464
620,097
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,000
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257
70,500
71,387
45,088
72,859
497,901
6,754
110,429
,438,000
131,824
25,000
467,250
334,992
125,490
566,000
,267,600
10,365
,734,688
88,000
64,000
135,000
20,000
592,515
70,237
$129,488,744
* Earnings of several company mines, and customs smelter at Trail.
f These two properties were amalgamated as Silversmith Mines, Limited, in August, 1939. STATISTICS.
A 39
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1943—Continued.
Copper Mines.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Britannia M. & S. Co.*	
Canada Copper Corporation-
Cornell  	
Granby Cons. M.S. <
Marble Bay 	
Hall Mines	
P. Co.t-
Miscellaneous mines..
Total, copper mines..
Britannia Beach-
Greenwood	
Texada Island	
Copper Mountain
Texada Island	
Nelson  	
Copper..
Copger..
Copper-
Copper _
Copper...
Copper..
Copper..
311,327,517
615,399
8,500
26,433,191
175,000
233,280
261,470
$39,054,357
* Britannia Mining and Smelting Company, Limited, is a subsidiary of the Howe Sound Company, which is
the holding company for Britannia and other mines in Mexico and the State of Washington. Dividends paid by
the Howe Sound Company, therefore, cannot be credited to British Columbia. Dividends in the above table for
Britannia have been paid by that company, none being paid subsequent to 1930, until 1939. In making comparison
with yearly totals the amounts shown as paid by the Howe Sound Company have been deducted for the years
shown, so the total in the annual report concerned will show the higher figure.
t The Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company dividends as set out in the above table in
the Minister of Mines Annual Report for 1942 were incorrect, and the correct total is as above. The figure now
includes all dividends, capital distributions, and interim liquidating payments, the- latter being $4,500,000, paid
prior to reorganization. Dividends commenced in 1904 and cover all company activities in British Columbia to
date, the present operations being conducted at Allenby and Copper Mountain.
The term " Miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under, together
with payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance
given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
Coal.
Wellington Collieries, Ltd., Nanaimo     $16,000,000
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd., Fernie       13,054,372
Total
$29,054,372
Miscellaneous, Structural, and Placer Gold.
Various
$2,610,104
Aggregate of all Classes.
Lode-gold mining   $65,472,446
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting  129,488,744
Copper-mining   39,054,357
Coal-mining   29,054,372
Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold   2,610,104
Total
$265,680,023 A 40
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1943—Continued.
Dividends paid Yearly, 1917-19US, inclusive.
Year.
1917-
1918..
1919-
1920-
1921-
1922..
1923..
1924.
1925
1926..
1927_
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Year.
1932—
1933—.
1934—.
1935—
1936—
Amount paid.
$3,269,494
2,704,469
2,494,283
1,870,296
736,629
3,174,756
2,983,570
2,977,276
5,853,419
8,011,137
8,816,681
9,572,536
— 11,263,118
.-_      10,543,500
4,650,857
Dividends paid during 19^2 and 19%3.
Amount paid.
  $2,786,958
  2,471,735
  4,745,905
  7,386,070
  10,513,705
1937—      15,085,293
1938  12,068,875
1939  11,865,698
1940  14,595,530
1941  16,598,110
1942  13,627,104
1943  11,860,159
Total.
Arlington  (R. O. Oscarson) 	
Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd.
Beaver Silver Mines, Ltd. 	
1942.
$18,305
25,000
Bralorne Mines, Ltd.        1,496,400
Britannia   Mining   and   Smelting   Co.,
Ltd. 	
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mines, Ltd. 	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Co. of Canada, Ltd.	
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd.—
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd. 	
Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting
and Power Co., Ltd. 	
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd. 	
Highland Bell, Ltd. 	
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd. 	
Kelowna    Exploration,    Ltd.     (Nickel
Plate)  	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd. 	
Privateer Mine, Ltd.	
Relief Arlington Mines, Ltd.	
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd. 	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd. 	
Silbak Premier Mines, Ltd. 	
Surf  Inlet   Consolidated   Gold   Mines,
Ltd. 	
Ymir Yankee Girl, Ltd. 	
Others 	
Totals 	
266,701
173,330
8,189,553
186,354
102,000
315,163
181,130
105,268
136,593
240,000
402,903
319,030
376,000
375,000
400,000
26,729
291,645
$13,627,104
$202,527,163
*$48,000
1,496,400
53,332
8,189,569
186,354
202,605
135,848
39,476
78,804
90,000
171,786
t45,000
1131,600
262,500
325,000
1222,501
181,384
$11,860,159
* Liquidating dividend,    f Distribution of capital. STATISTICS.
A 41
TABLE XVIII.-
-Capital employed, Salaries and Wages, Fuel and Electricity,
and Process Supplies, 1943.
Class.
Capital
employed.
Salaries
and Wages.
Fuel and
Electricity.
Proces's
Supplies.
$95,182,987
753,133
22,602,652
19,153,086
3,090,508
$17,013,404
101,069
5,065,946
3,001,515
869,533
$5,698,212
9,457
325,572
1,174,542
224,802
$3,730,139
Placer-mining ,. 	
4,211
898,968
Miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials
Structural materials industry  	
1,912,675
26,324
Totals, 1943     	
$140,782,366
$26,051,467
$7,432,585
$6,572,317
Grand totals, 1942 	
Grand totals, 1941	
Grand totals, 1940	
Grand totals, 1939	
$140,377,568
141,454,342
139,694,733
135,473,482
153,012,848
145,520,641
142,663,065
143,239,953
$26,913,160
26,050,491
23,391,330
22,357,035
22,765,711
21,349,690
17,887,619
16,753,367
203,519,870
$7,066,109
3,776,747
3,474,721
•3,266,000
3,396,106
3,066,311
2,724,144
2,619,639
*36,822,362
$6,863,398
7,260,441
6,962,162
6,714,347
Grand totals, 1938 _  	
Grand totals, 1937.....	
Grand totals, 1936         	
6,544,500
6,845,330
4,434,501
Grand totals, 1935	
4,552,730
Grand totals, 1935-43 - ___	
56,749,726
* Estimated.
Note.—The above figures, compiled from returns on the subject made by companies and individuals, illustrate
the amount of capital employed in the mining industry, the amount of money distributed in salaries and wages,
fuel and electricity, and process supplies  (explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.).
Capital employed includes: Present cash value of the land (excluding minerals) ; present value of buildings,
fixtures, machinery, tools, and other equipment; inventory value of materials on hand, ore in process, fuel and
miscellaneous supplies on hand; inventory value of finished products on hand; operating capital (cash, bills and
accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, etc.).
TABLE XIX.—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode
Minerals, 1901-1943.
Year.
Tonnage.
No. of Shipping-mines.
No. of Mines
shipping
over 100
Tons.
Net Value
to Shipper of
Lode Minerals
produced.
Gross Value
of Lode
Minerals
produced.
920,416
998,999
1,286,176
1,461,609
1,706,679
1,963,872
1,804,114
2,083,606
2,057,713
2,216,428
1,770,755
2,688,532
2,663,809
2,175,971
2,690,110
3,188,865
2,761,579
2,892,849
2,112,975
2.178,187
1,562,645
1,573,186
2,421,839
3,397,105
3,849,269
4,775,073
5,416,021
6,241,310
6,977,681
6.803,846
5,549,103
4,340,158
4,030,978
5,116,897
4,916,148
4,381,027
6,145,144
7,377,021
7,211,223
7,937,358
7,938,803
6,708,277
5,429,557
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
168
185
211
217
216
200
126
48
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
51
58
56
69
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
32
22
29
47
69
72
70
113
92
99
92
96
76
32
11 581,153
12 103 237
::::::::::::::::::
15 980,164
1906                    	
18,484,102
17 316 847
15 847 411
14,728,731
17 662 766
1913                     	
17,190,838
15 225,061
19 992 149
31,483,014
26 788 474
27,590,278
19,750,498
19 227 857
1924                                   	
46,200,135
51,508,031
1926                  	
$38,558,613
27,750,364
29,070,075
34,713,887
21,977,688
10,513,931
7,075,393
13,976,358
20,243,278
25,407,914
30,051,207
44,763,788
35,759,352
40,711,287
43,550,732
46,686,070
45,197,803
33,493,503
1928                   	
48 281 825
1929     	
51,174,859
1930	
40,915,395
1931                   	
22,535,573
1932   	
19,700,235
1933                   	
25 007,137
1934     	
33,895,930
1935	
40,597,569
1938     	
43 666 452
1937	
62,912,783
1938                   -	
53 877 333
1939   	
53 522,098
1940     	
02,848,642
02,216,019
55 359 479
1942        	
46,089,042 A 42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TABLE XX.—Men employed in the Mining Industry of British Columbia,
1901-1943.
Year.
Lode-mining.
00
It
o
•f5
oJ
U
•a
d
09
s
o
a
o
a
O
M
e
a
M
COAL-MINING.
Structural
Materials.
<_? rt
1901	
1902... .
1903	
1904	
1905        	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911     	
1812       	
1913	
1914     ....;	
1915       	
1916	
1917  	
1918	
1920	
1921      	
1922     	
1923  	
1924     	
1925     	
1926	
299
1927      	
1928	
355
1929     	
341
1930      	
425
688
1932       	
874
1933       	
1,134
1,122
1934     	
1935     	
1,291
1,124
1,371
1,303
1,252
1936
1937	
1938 	
1939	
1,004
1941 .     	
1942	
489
1943	
212
2,736
2,219
1,662
2,143
2,470
2,680
2,704
2,567
2,184
2,472
2,435
2,472
2,773
2,741
2,709
3,357
3,290
2,626
2,513
2,074
1,355
1.510
2,102
2,353
2,298
2,606
2,671
2,707
2,926
2,316
1,463
1,355
1.786
2,796
2,740
2,959
3,603
3,849
3,905
3,923
3,901
2,920
2,394
1,212
3,948
1,126
3,346
1,088
2,750
1,163
3,306
1,240
3,710
1,303
3,983
1,239
3.943
1,127
3,694
1,070
3,254
1,237
3,709
1,159
3,594
1,364
3,837
1.505
4,278
1,433
4,174
1.435
4,144
2,036
5,393
2,198
5,488
1,764
4,390
1,746
4,259
1,605
3,679
975
2,330
1,239
2,749
1,516
3,618
1,680
4,033
2,840
5,138
1,735
4,341
808
1,916
4,587
854
2,469
5,176
911
2,052
4,978
966
1,260
3,576
832
834
2,297
581
900
2,255
542
1,335
3,121
531
1,729
4,525
631
1,497
4,237
907
1.840
4,799
720
1,818
5,421
1,168
2,266
6,115
919
2.050
5,955
996
2,104
6,027
1,048
1,823 5,724
1,025
1,504 4,424
960
1,699 4,093
_____   I
891
2,461
2,842
2,748
2,948
3,197
3,157
2,036
2,436
2,890
2,771
2,678
3,027
3,158
3.187
2,944
3,072
3,555
2,835
3,041
3,101
3,137
3,278
3,127
3,415
2,862
4,432
4,713
5,903
5,212
5.275
4,950
4,267
3.708
3,694
3,760
3,658
4,145
4,191
4,722
4,712
4,342
3,894
3,828
3,757
3,646
3,814
3,675
3,389
2,957
2,628
2,241
2,050
2,145
2,015
2,286
2,088
2.167
2,175
2,229
1,892
2,240
931
910
1,127
1,175
1,280
1,390
907
1,641
1,705
1,855
1,661
1,855
1,721
1,465
1,283
1,306
1,410
1,709
1,821
2,158
2,163
1,932
1,807
1,524
1,615
1,565
1,579
1,520
1,353
1,250
1,125
980
853
843
826
799
867
874
809
699
494
468
611
3,974
4,011
4,264
4,453
4,407
4,805
3,769
6,073
6,418
7,758
6,873
7,130
6,671
5,732
4,991
5,060
5,170
5,247
5,966
6,349
6,885
6,644
6,149
5,418
5,443
5,322
5,225
5,334
5,028
4,645
4,082
3,698
3,094
2,893
2,971
2,814
3,153
2,962
2,976
2,874
2,723
2,300
2,851
493
647
412
492
843
460
530
376
377
536
931
724
324
138
368
544
344
526
329
269
187
270
288
327
900 I 295
652 I 311
827 334
766 I 413
842 I 378
673 | 326
I
I 124
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
360
754
825
938
369
561
647
422
262
567
7,022
7,356
7,014
7,759
8,117
8,788
7,712
9,767
9,672
11,467
10,467
10,967
10,949
9,900
9,135
10,453
10,658
9,637
10,225
10,028
9,215
9,393
9,767
9,451
10,581
14,172
14,830
15,424
15,565
14,032
12,171
10,524
11,369
12,985
13,737
14,179
16,129
16,021
15,890
15,705
15,084
13,270
12,448*
* The average number of wage-earners was obtained by adding the monthly figures for individual companies and
dividing by 12 irrespective of the number of months worked, the average number of wage-earners in the industry is
the sum of these individual averages. STATISTICS.
A 43
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REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1943.
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A 45
TABLE XXII.—Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or
more Men during 1943.
Shipping Mines.
Name of Mine or Company.
Days
operating.
Mine.      Mill.
Tonnage.
Mined.
Milled.
Average
Number of Men.
Mine.       Mill.
Silbak Premier Mines, Ltd..	
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co., Ltd..
Island Mountain Mines Co., Ltd..—	
Cons. M. & S. Co. (Pinchi Lake)-...	
Bralorne (Takla Lake) - -
Cons. M. & S. Co. (Red Rose)... ...
Highland Bell, Ltd   __._ _
Kelowna Exploration, Ltd. (Nickel Plate).
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd _ 	
Copper Mountain (Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co., Ltd.).
Wartime Metals Corporation (Kootenay Florence)	
Sullivan (Cons. M. & S. Co.) _	
Monarch and Kicking Horse (Base Metals)  	
Standard and Mammoth (Western Exploration Co., Ltd.).
Zincton Mines, Ltd. (Lucky Jim)  	
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd.	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd 	
Wartime Metals Corporation (Emerald)..  	
Privateer Mine, Ltd  _ _	
Twin " J " Mines, Ltd __	
Bralorne Mines, Ltd..— _ —   	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd...
Britannia Mining & Smelting Co.,
Ltd..
310
363
315
302
305
337
324
318
214
311
365
365
365
210
333
253
289
365
365
365
310
312
365
365
361
35
302
357
263
363
185
349
365
365
365
169
228
83
319
164
365
365
93,003
35,822
22,635
337,400
556
17,884
2,249
67,640
47,669
1,365,000
13,410
2,503,214
61,969
84,858
14,839
30,285
10,768
19,452
17,302
126,357
30,245
849,147
93,003
144
38,249
163
22,635
54
337,400
390
443
53
17,884
76
2,249
33
67,640
105
47,848
66
1,363,346
417
65
1,086
2,500,714
61,770
67
78
35
84,858
14,839
19
30,285
40
9,372
112
14,106
31
17,562
68
118,462
168
26,435
86
849,147
510
1
16
10
8
56
1
13
52
23
200
4
321
13
29
19
4
8
4
5
3
17
6
49
Non-shipping Mines.
Whitewater (Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd.)	
Industrial Metals Mining Co., Ltd. (Little Billie). A 46 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH.
The administrative branch is responsible for the administration of the mining
laws of the Province regarding the acquisition of mineral rights. These include the
" Mineral Act," the " Placer-mining Act," the " Allied Forces Exemption Act," and the
" Free Miners' Exemption Act."
The work of the branch is performed by Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders,
and Sub-mining Recorders. The duties of these officials are laid down in the " Mineral
Act" and the " Placer-mining Act." Mining Recorders, in addition to their own
functions, may also exercise the powers conferred upon Gold Commissioners with
regard to mineral claims within the mining division for which they have been appointed.
Similar duties may be performed by Mining Recorders with regard to placer claims
but not in respect to placer-mining leases. Recording of location and of work upon
mineral claims, placer claims, and placer-mining leases as required by the various Acts
must be made at the office of the Mining Recorder for the proper mining division.
Information concerning claims and leases which are held and concerning the ownership
and standing of claims and leases in any division may be obtained from the Mining
Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situate. Sub-mining
Recorders, who act as forwarding agents, are appointed at various places throughout
the Province. They are authorized to accept documents and fees and forward them to
the office of the Mining Recorder for the correct mining division. Officials and their
offices in various parts of the Province are listed in the table on pages 48, 49, and 50.
Copies of the various Acts, upon payment of the prices listed on page 154, can be
obtained from the office of the Chief Gold Commissioner, the King's Printer, Victoria,
the Central Records Office in Vancouver, or from the offices of the Gold Commissioners
throughout the Province.
Central Records Office.
Returns from all Mining Recorders are made to the Central Records Office, 305
Federal Building, Vancouver, semi-monthly. They include information as to the
ownership of claims staked, placer-mining leases issued, certificates of work and bills
of sale recorded, and leases of reverted Crown-granted mineral claims. The approximate positions of mineral claims and placer-mining leases from information supplied
by the locators are shown on a series of reference maps. The information outlined
so far as possible is brought up to date on receipt of the semi-monthly returns.
The maps and records may be inspected by any one who calls at the office in business
hours.
Joint Office of the British Columbia Department of Mines and of the
Department of Mines and Resources, Canada.
The Provincial Department's Engineer, the Gold Commissioner and Mining
Recorder for the Vancouver Mining Division, and the officers of the Dominion Geological Survey now occupy one suite of offices. All official information relating to
mining is now available to the public in the one suite of offices at 305 Federal Building,
Vancouver.
The services offered to the public include technical information on mining, the
identification of mineral specimens, distribution of Dominion and Provincial mining
publications, a reference library, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central records
office. DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 47
Amalgamation of Mining Divisions.
(Particulars of Mining Divisions amalgamated since 1939.)
Date.
Mining Divisions amalgamated.
New Name.
Mining Recorder's
Office.
July      2, 1939
Sept.  18, 1939
Nov.   20, 1939
Bella Coola and Skeena.- _. _	
Skeena 	
Slocan _	
Skeena — 	
Greenwood  	
Slocan _ 	
Golden... 	
Nanaimo —	
Prince Rupert.
Aug.     1,1940
Aug.     5, 1940
Oct.     15, 1942
Queen Charlotte and Skeena .	
Grand Forks and Greenwood	
Prince Rupert.
Greenwood.
Oct.     15, 1942
Nov.   30, 1942
Dec.      1, 1942
Publications.
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, bulletins, and other publications of the
Department, with prices charged for them, are listed on page 137.
Publications may be obtained from the offices of the Department in Victoria and
elsewhere in the Province. They are also available for reference use in the Department's library (Mineralogical Branch) at Victoria, in the joint office, 305 Federal
Building, Vancouver, in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson and Prince
Rupert, as well as in public libraries listed on pages 139 and 140.
Gold Purchasing.
Late in 1935 the Department of Finance, co-operating with the Department of
Mines, undertook to purchase small lots of placer gold under 2 oz. in weight from the
individual placer-miner. The Gold Commissioners throughout the Province are paying
a cash price of $29 per ounce for clean placer gold and are purchasing dirty placer gold
and amalgam on a deferred-payment basis. Purchases made under this arrangement
are as follows:—
Year.
No. of Lots.
Paid.
Paid per Oz.
1936                                -             _ -	
1,470
1,667
2,397
2,322
1,336
631
229
93
$50,000
52,250
72,000
60,000
31,600
16,825
8,068
2,705
$28.00
1938                 _.                            .    .            	
28.00
1939                                                  ...           	
29.00
29.00
1941           	
29.00
1942  	
29.00
1943                                                   	
29.00
10,135
$293,448
This purchasing scheme was established during the depression years to give the
individual miner the best possible price for his gold, and this was realized in that the
total price paid has been almost exactly the same as the receipts from the Royal
Canadian Mint. A 48
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders
in the Province.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Sub-recorder.
Atlin	
Atlin             ,,
G. H. Hallett 	
G. H. Hallett	
A. E. Roddis.
Lower Post  	
J. W. Purdy.
A. E. Roddis.      —
A. E. Roddis 	
Fort St. John _	
Dease Lake Townsite	
R. A. Farrell.
N. A. Watt. 	
J. W. Purdy.
Prince Rupert 	
N. A. Watt 	
J. G. Garrett.
Sub-office 	
T. C. Brunton.
Sub-office 	
Sub-office   —
Kimsquit via Ocean Falls
Ocean Falls 	
Sub-office _
G. H. Hill.
W. F. C. Trant.
Dr. D. McColl.
Portland Canal	
Stewart 	
Alice Arm 	
N. A. Watt (at Prince
Rupert)
A. Fisher	
H. A. Bryant	
H. A. Bryant    .
D. H. Bruce.
Bella Coola
W. F. C  Trant
Mrs. M. McDougal.
Norman Henry.
W. B  Steele
Sub-office	
Fort St. James , 	
T. J. Thorp.
Prince George 	
Kimsquit via Ocean Falls
Fort St. John 	
Terrace 	
Percy Gadsden.
T. C. Brunton.
Sub-office 	
Vanderhoof 	
Hazelton  _
LePoidevin.
Geo. Ogsdon.
W. B. Irving.
Sub-office _ —
Usk
Sub-office _ _—
M. S. Morrell--    -	
Doreen   	
Copper River 	
Pouce Coupe 	
Aiken.
M. S. Morrell	
Mrs. M. B. McLeod.
Prince George __	
Mrs. M. McDougal.
Barkerville - 	
W. E. McLean
(Deputy)
Sub-office	
Sub-office  	
Prince George ____ •
Sub-office _	
J. E. Mclntyre.
Williams Lake _	
Quesnel. _ .	
Miss J. Foster
(Deputy)
Miss J. Foster
(Deputy)
H. W. Speed.
Barkerville  ~
Horsefly   	
Sub-office 	
A. B. Campbell.
A. H. Watkins.
Clinton	
Sub-office 	
Clinton _	
R. J. A. Dorrell _ _
R. J. A. Dorrell -
Sub-office 	
Haylmore.	
Kamloops __ ~ .
Chu Chua __	
W. Haylmore.
Kamloops _
Sub-office.._ 	
D. Dalgleish	
D. Dalgleish	
Sub-office 	
Vavenby  	
H. Finley.
A. P. Suckling.
Sub-office  .... DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 49
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders
in the Province—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Sub-recorder.
Ashcroft _— -
Lytton _ __	
Merritt.—_ _	
Princeton 	
D. Dalgleish (Kamloops)
W. F. Knowlton
R. G. Couper  ...
Chas. Nichols _	
E. F. Little..—	
Sub-office ._ 	
Nicola —_ - - -
Similkameen __-
D. Dalgleish (Kamloops)
Chas. Nichols	
E. F. Little-	
C. W. Dickson.
L. A. Dodd	
L. A. Dodd _	
Kettle Valley _ -
G. B. Gane.
Beaverdell _ - —
Oliver  _ — -
Grand Forks _ 	
Mrs. J. J. Clarke.
W. R- Dewdney 	
W. H. Laird.
Osoyoos -— —	
W. R. Dewdney 	
Oliver  	
Golden.. -   	
W. H. Laird.
Golden 	
Sub-office 	
A. W. Anderson	
W. G. Taylor......	
A. W. Anderson	
W. G. Taylor
C. J. Dainard.
A. M. Chisholm.
K. D. McRae.
G. MacDonald 	
W. M. H.Dunn
A. Robb.
C. MacDonald (Kaslo)
F. Broughton	
Nakusp 	
J. Cartmel _ - ,
J. Cartmel-	
Sub-office 	
F. E. Nelson.
Sub-office - -
Revelstoke— 	
Revelstoke   -—
W. Maxwell. 	
W. Maxwell (Revelstoke)
E. L. Hedley..	
W. H. Cochrane.. —
W. Maxwell.-— _
C. A. McElroy.__._-	
E. L. Hedley __ 	
W. H. Cochrane	
H. J. Bull.
Cumberland   	
Sub-office 	
J. H. Byrne 	
J. H. Byrne.
J. H. Byrne	
Sub-office        	
W. Armitage.
P. J. Mulcahy	
A. B. Gray -	
P. J. Mulcahy 	
J. F. Macdonald '	
Miss J. Broughton.
C. N. Tingle.
New Westminster —
New Westminster 	
J.Egdell	
Vancouver	
Sub-office  _.
Vancouver 	
J. Egdell (Deputy)
Mrs. L. E. Christie.
Sub-office. 	
L. J. Price.-—	
Lillooet	
L. J. Price	 A 50
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
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A 51
CHEMICAL LABORATORIES AND SAMPLING PLANT.
The Department has its principal laboratory at Victoria, and also has a sampling
plant and an assay office at Prince Rupert. The Victoria laboratory now has six analysts
and technicians, as well as the Chief Analyst and Assayer, on its staff. The Assayer
at Prince Rupert is also in charge of the sampling plant.
During the year 1943 the Department of Mines chemical laboratory in Victoria
issued reports on 1,657 samples and specimens. A laboratory examination of a sample
consists now of one or more of the following: (1) A mineralogical determination of
visible minerals in the sample and a classification of the type of rock; (2) a spectrographs analysis to determine if any base metals are present in interesting percentages;
(3) assays for precious metals, and base metals shown to be present in interesting
percentages by the spectrographs analysis. The reports were distributed in the following manner amongst bona-fide prospectors, bona-fide prospectors who are grantees
under the " War-time Prospectors' Grub-stake Act," Departmental Engineers, and the
Provincial Government Sampling Plant at Prince Rupert:—
Samples.
Mineralogical
Determinations.
Spectrographic
Analyses.
Assays.
Bona-fide prospectors 	
Bona-fide prospectors (grantees)
Departmental Engineers 	
Sampling plant   	
Totals  _	
585
773
252
37
1,647
393
581
1,015
393
570
48
19
1,030
496
556
368
74
1,494
It is noteworthy that 602 more spectrographic analyses were made during 1943
than during 1942, while the number of assays performed has dropped by 1,539. This
decrease in the number of assays performed is due chiefly to spectrographic analyses
having shown that metals are absent in worth-while percentages from those particular
samples, thus making the costlier and more time-consuming assays unnecessary.
Proximate analyses and B.T.U. determinations were made on thirty coal samples.
Of these, eleven were for the Department of Mines and nineteen were for the Department of Public Works.
For the Attorney-General's Department fifteen examinations of a chemico-legal
nature were undertaken. Of these, six were toxicological examinations of pathological
specimens and four were determinations for percentages of grain alcohol in liquids.
The remainder involved examinations of a variety of materials, including comparisons
of cloth and head-lamp glass in a hit-and-run accident.
Fourteen complete analyses of soils and other raw materials for the Department
of Agriculture, four analyses for mineral contents of water for the Liquor Control
Board, and one analysis for the Provincial Board of Health completed the analytical
work of the laboratory for the year.
During the year placer gold amounting to 83.61 oz., representing purchases from
individual placer-miners, was received from Gold Commissioners.
Provincial Government examinations for certificates of competency and licence to
practise assaying in British Columbia were held in May and December. Fourteen
candidates sat for the May examination, of whom seven passed and were granted
licences to practise in this Province; three were granted supplemental examinations.
Five candidates sat for the December examination, two of whom had been amongst
those granted supplemental in the May examination. These latter two now passed
the examination and were granted licences to practise assaying in this Province; the
other three failed. A 52
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Prince Rupert Sampling Plant and Assay Office.*
During 1943, shipments to the sampling plant showed a further decrease from the
figures of 1942. This was no doubt due to war conditions which have resulted in
a decrease in the number of prospectors and small operators, many of whom are now
with the armed forces or engaged in some one of the industrial operations connected
with Canada's war effort.
Of the twenty lots handled through the sampling plant, seventeen consisted of
small samples for assay purposes only. A number of these were sent in to Victoria
for spectrographic analysis and the results served to guide the shippers in their search
for the strategic minerals. ■
One shipment—namely, Lot 677T—was of particular interest. It consisted of
1,797 lb. of wolframite ore received from Norman Fisher and Ole Olsen, lessees of the
Wolframite Group, Boulder Creek, in the Atlin area. This ore was sampled at the
sampling plant and found to contain 15.20 per cent, tungsten. It was then shipped to
the Dominion Government ore-testing laboratories in Ottawa, where it was concentrated and the concentrates, containing some 244 lb. of tungstic oxide, were subsequently sold to the Metals Controller. In spite of the heavy freight charges in shipping this ore from Boulder Creek to Prince Rupert and thence to Ottawa, a substantial
net return was made to the shippers.
In addition to the samples shown on the accompanying sampling plant record,
a number of hand samples were received for examination and were forwarded to
Victoria for assay or spectrographic analysis.
A completely equipped assay laboratory, to be operated in conjunction with the
sampling plant, has been installed at Prince Rupert and was ready for use in December,
1943. Prospectors can now send samples to this laboratory for specified assays,
saving the time required for shipment to Victoria. Obtaining assay results more
quickly will also benefit operators who ship small lots of ore to the sampling plant, as
it will be possible to make full payment for a lot of ore a few days after it is received.
From the time the sampling- plant first commenced operations in August, 1937,
until December 31st, 1943, a total of 746 lots have been handled through the plant.
The sum of $50,101.80 has been paid out to shippers. During this same period, thirty-
nine consolidated shipments have been made to the smelters, for which the sum of
$49,673.48 has been received. To this must be added the sum of $524.53, representing
the value of ore on hand, and making a total of $50,198.01. The small difference in
these two figures serves to indicate the high degree of accuracy attained by the methods
of sampling in use at the plant.
The following is a synopsis of the operating details of the plant for the year 1943,
from January 1st to December 31st:—
Class of Shipments.
No. of
Shipments.
No. of
Different
Properties.
Weight of
Shipments.
1
2
17
1
2
12
Dry Tons.
Assay lots —	
0 0240
Totals	
20
15
* Letters, tonnage lots, or samples should be addressed to:   The Manager, Department of Mines Assay Office
and Sampling Plant, Prince Rupert, B.C. DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 53
Shipments from Sampling Plant to Smelters.
Number of shipments to smelters (Lot 677T, 39 OSP/PR) _ 1
Dry tons paid for by smelters    0.8985
Received from smelters  $252.21
Estimated smelter value of ore on hand at plant  $524.53
Amount paid out by plant on Ore Purchasing Account  $782.26
The details of the tonnage, bulk test lots, and assay lots, with relative assay and
analysis results, follow. A 54
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
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CDCDCCCCCDCDCCCDCDCDCCCDCOCDCDCDCD DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 55
INSPECTION BRANCH.
The full reports of the Chief Inspector and of the Inspectors of Mines, dealing
with the coal-mining industry, inspection of coal mines, and inspection of metalliferous
mines, begin on page 88. The information in the Progress Notes regarding metalliferous, industrial mineral, etc., deposits is largely supplied by the Inspection Branch.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH.
P. B. Freeland retired as Chief Mining Engineer and was succeeded by Hartley
Sargent on April 1st, 1943. Mr. Freeland was one of the original Resident Engineers
and the only one in the Service at the time of his retirement. He joined the Department in 1917 as Resident Engineer of No. 4 District. In 1935 he was moved to Victoria and in 1937 became the first Chief Mining Engineer of the Department.
Joseph T. Mandy was transferred from Prince Rupert to the Vancouver office of
the Department.
B. T. O'Grady, who had been attached to the Headquarters, Pacific Command, as
Field Supervisor, Northern British Columbia Coast, organizing the Pacific Coast Militia
Rangers, returned to the service of the Department in April, and was occupied assisting the Superintendent of Brokers in administering the " Securities Act," and in connection with the grub-stake programme and with mining road and trail appropriations.
M. S. Hedley examined strategic mineral prospects and deposits in the Southern
Interior and studied silver-lead-zinc deposits in the Slocan and Ainsworth Mining
Divisions.
J. S. Stevenson, with one assistant, continued studies of the Mount Sicker (copper, zinc, gold) deposit; investigated the geological suitability of sites which have been
suggested for dams in the studies of the possibility of developing Taseko, Chilko, and
Tatlayoko Lakes for hydro-electric power; examined strategic mineral prospects and
deposits in the Lillooet, Cariboo, and Omineca Mining Divisions; and began studies
of copper-gold deposits on Texada Island.
S. S. Holland, with a party of four, made reconnaissance studies in parts of the
area tributary to the Alaska Highway between Fort St. John and Fort Nelson, and
examined some strategic mineral prospects in Central British Columbia.
K. DeP. Watson and W. H. Mathews, with a party of four, mapped geologically an
area lying between the northern part of Dease Lake and the southern part of Teslin
Lake.
J. M. Cummings was occupied chiefly in research on problems relating to the
milling of strategic mineral ores and of industrial minerals.
Museums.
The Department has a large exhibit of ores and minerals in the museum on
Superior Street, Victoria; smaller collections are displayed in the joint office, 305
Federal Building, Vancouver, and in the offices of the Inspectors of Mines in Nelson
and Prince Rupert.
Prospectors' Sets.
On request, collections, each consisting of about fifty specimens, including rocks
and minerals, are supplied to those actively prospecting and to schools teaching subjects relating to mining or prospecting. Because it is difficult to obtain the material
for these sets, only requests from prospectors and schools in British Columbia can be
considered. A charge of 50 cents is made for each set; the price should be remitted
with a request addressed to the Chief Mining Engineer. A 56 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Grub-staking Prospectors.
Prospecting, for many years not as active as it should have been, has fallen off
during the past few years to such an extent that this year (1943) the Department
undertook to grub-stake a number of prospectors to keep prospecting alive. The Department's grub-stake policy was not designed as a means of providing a remunerative
livelihood, but simply to help the prospector through a difficult period. It was hoped
that some returned men would be available for training under one of the Dominion
rehabilitation schemes and that some of the grub-stake funds would be used to start
these men in the field. To date, however, men, discharged from the Army, physically
fit to work, have largely been absorbed by war industries.
The " War-time Prospectors' Grub-stake Act," passed at the 1943 session of the
Legislature, authorized the provision of grub-stakes as a means of assisting prospectors in the search for strategic minerals required in the prosecution of the war.
As requirements of certain minerals, then in critical demand, have since been met,
future efforts will be directed principally towards the search for minerals of general
importance to the National economy and its post-war needs. Amendments made to
the 1943 Act by the Legislature in March, 1944, include the striking out of the term
" war-time " as well as the definition of " war minerals."
Grub-stakes were limited under the 1943 Act to $300 per man, $25,000 being provided therefor by the Legislature. For the 1944 season the sum of $50,000 has been
appropriated. In addition to the grant of up to $300 per man, the amended Act provides for travelling expenses, to a maximum of $200 per man, if required.
During the 1943 season grub-stakes were allocated for prospecting in likely areas
throughout the Province. Applicants were interviewed by representatives of the
Department and were tested on their ability to identify ordinary minerals and rocks.
Of those who qualified, the best applicants in or nearest to a prospecting area were
given the grub-stakes. They undertook to search for all economic minerals but to pay
special attention to certain " war minerals " likely to be found in their area. They
were supplied with maps, including geological maps where available; with copies of
" Prospectors' Guide for Strategic Minerals in Canada," published by the Mines and
Geology Branch, Department of Mines and Resources, Ottawa; and with "Notes on
War Minerals," a pamphlet prepared by the Department at Victoria for the use of
prospectors in British Columbia. Mineralight M-12 lamps, complete with batteries and
instructions, were supplied to those men searching for scheelite. The Department
planned to provide supervision and assistance in the field, but was unable to obtain
the assistance required. Officers of the Mineralogical and Inspection Branches assisted
whenever it was possible to do so, the Inspectors of Mines at Prince Rupert, Lillooet,
Princeton, and Nelson devoting much time to the grub-staked prospectors.
In the 1944 season it is anticipated that two officers of the Mineralogical Branch
will devote their time to the supervision and assistance of prospectors in the field, in
addition to part-time co-operation by Inspectors and other officers. Plans also include
the establishment of camps, if necessary, where suitable men can be trained in prospecting and hand-mining.
During 1943 ninety prospectors received grub-stakes of amounts varying with
individual requirements up to the maximum of $300. Seven hundred and sixty samples
were received from them and tested at the Department Assay Office at Victoria. The
samples were examined by an engineer, most of them were given spectrographic
analysis, and assays were made in all cases where economic values were indicated.
The results of the season's work indicated that scheelite occurrences are even more
widespread throughout the Province than was indicated by prospecting in 1942. Appreciable percentages of scheelite were present in samples from fourteen different localities.
Towards the end of the season the mines in production were shut down, making it DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 57
apparent that tungsten ore was no longer in critical demand. This fact, of which no
previous information had been received by the Department, caused a good deal of
disappointment amongst prospectors.
Samples from twelve localities contained vanadium in percentages up to 1 per cent.
Other samples contained mercury, manganese, chromium, molybdenum, fluorspar, and
some appreciable percentages of zinc, copper, and lead. A coal-seam was also reported
to have been discovered. Nickel, found in pannings from Wheaton (Boulder) and
Ferry Creeks, tributaries of Turnagain River, can be attributed to the mineral awaru-
ite, which was recognized by Holland* in 1939 in concentrates from Wheaton Creek
and in the pannings from crushed serpentine of that locality.
Whether or not any of the discoveries are worth while will not be known until
more information is obtained concerning them. In the meantime it can be said that
operating companies have exhibited sufficient interest to take under lease and bond
two properties containing discoveries made by grub-staked prospectors.
* Bulletin No. 2, British Columbia Department of Mines, 1940, page 31. A 58 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered
Confederation, all geological investigations and mapping in the Province were to be
carried on by the Geological Survey of Canada; this agreement has been fully adhered
to by the Dominion of Canada and has proved of great benefit to the mining industry
of the Province. Each year several geological parties are kept in the field; and in the
many excellent reports and maps covering British Columbia, issued by the Geological
Survey of Canada, a vast amount of information has been made available to prospectors
and mining engineers.
For some years a branch office of the Geological Survey has been maintained in
Vancouver, where copies of maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained.
The officer in charge of the British Columbia office is W. E. Cockfield, and the address
is 305 Federal Building, Vancouver, B.C.
In 1936 a reorganization of several departments in the Federal Government was
effected, and the Department of Mines and Resources created. One of the main
branches of this Department is that of Mines and Geology, with sub-branches known
as the Bureau of Geology and Topography and the Bureau of Mines. The Geological
Survey of Canada and the Topographical Survey are now a part of the Bureau of
Geology and Topography. During the season of 1942 the Bureau of Geology and
Topography had the following officers employed on field-work in British Columbia:—
Geological Parties.
A. F. Buckham: Detailed investigations of the coal deposits and coal-bearing rocks
of the Comox-Nanaimo area, Vancouver Island.
W. E. Cockfield: Nicola area. Longitude, 120° 00'-121° 00'; latitude, 50° 00'-
51° 00'.    Examination of tungsten deposits in South-western British Columbia.
H. M. A. Rice: Ainsworth mining camp, Kootenay Lake; detailed study and
mapping.
J. E. Armstrong: Takla area. Longitude, 125° 00-126° 00'; latitude, 55° 00-
56° 00'.    Detailed examination of northern part of Pinchi Lake mercury belt.
E. D. Kindle: Geological reconnaissance along Fort Nelson, Liard, and Beaver
Rivers, British Columbia and Yukon.
M. Y. Williams: Geological reconnaissance along Alaska Highway, Fort Nelson,
British Columbia, to Watson Lake, Yukon.
C. S. Lord: Geological reconnaissance along Alaska Highway, Teslin River to
Liard River, near Watson Lake, Yukon and Northern British Columbia.
C. O. Hage: Geological reconnaissance along Alaska Highway, from Dawson
Creek to Fort Nelson.
F. H. McLearn and E. J. W. Irish: Detailed examination of coal deposits in Peace
River foothills, west of Hudson Hope.
J. Spivak: Detailed examination of the Hasler Creek-Pine River coal belt in and
adjoining the south half of Mount Hulcross area (longitude, 122° 00-122° 15'; latitude, 55° 30'-55° 45'). PROGRESS NOTES. A 59
PROGRESS NOTES.
The Progress Notes on metal-mining, quarrying, etc., are compiled from information supplied by the Inspectors of Mines and the Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
through the courtesy of the property-owners. The Registrar of Companies and Superintendent of Brokers have also supplied information through their respective offices.
The Notes are grouped in types of mineral deposits (Lode Gold, Limestone, etc.)
in named areas. The numbers in parentheses following the name of a property refer
to the latitude and longitude of the south-eastern corner of the one-degree quadrilateral
in which the property is situated and the letters refer to the particular quarter of
the quadrilateral.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
PORTLAND CANAL AREA.
Salmon River.
(56° 130° S.E.)    B. F. Smith, General Manager;  J. G. Pearcey, Mine
Silbak Premier   Superintendent.    Capital: 3,000,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 2,500,000.
Mines, Ltd.      The property is in the Salmon River valley,  about 14 miles from
Stewart.
During 1943 only 1,196 feet of development-work and 3,219  feet  of diamond-
drilling were done.    This is a considerable reduction from previous years and is due
to shortage of miners.    The mine was worked for 312 days and produced 93,003 tons
of ore.    This yielded 22,157 oz. of gold, 335,600 oz. of silver, and some copper and lead.
Operations have been confined to the area along the Premier Border boundary
between the 4th and 6th levels.    These workings also extend into the Premier Border
on the 5th and 6th levels.
The labour shortage has severely handicapped operations. Only 160 men, on an
average, were employed.
CARIBOO AREA.
Wells.
(53° 121° S.W.)     Capital:  2,000,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 1,333,309.
Cariboo Gold    This company operates the Cariboo Gold Quartz mine on the south-east
Quartz Mining   side of Jack of Clubs Lake at Wells.    Much of the mining at this
Co., Ltd.        operation is done on small veins in or near fault zones.    Close timbering is required and there is little opportunity to build up large reserves
of broken ore.    The daily production from the majority of the stopes is small and it is
necessary to work a large number of stopes.    Hence when the crew dropped to about
20 per cent, of normal strength the situation was serious.    The underground crew
decreased from 147 in January to sixty in September, but, after that, men who had
been placer-mining during the summer returned to work and improved the situation.
The average number of men employed underground during 1943 was ninety-four, and
the average in all operations was 173.
Development-work was restricted to 46 feet of crosscutting and 343 feet of raising,
and was all done for ventilation. A connection made between the lower workings of
the No. 1 zone and the lower workings of the Rainbow zone improved conditions in both
sections.
The tonnage mined and milled in 1943 totalled 38,249. This yielded 16,195 oz. of
gold and 1,328 oz. of silver.    The ore came from an average of twenty-seven working- A 60 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
places in all parts of the mine, except the Butts and B.C. Vein zones.    The tonnages
for 1942 and 1941 were 93,885 and 129,256 respectively.
No surface improvements or additions to the plant were made during 1943.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1934, Part C]
(53°  121°  S.W.)    Capital:   1,100,000 shares, 50 cents par;   issued,
Island Mountain  1,050,716.    This company operates the Island Mountain mine on the
Mines Co., Ltd.   north-east side of Jack of Clubs Lake at Wells.    During 1943 the company lost the services of G. Sinclair, mine superintendent, who was
killed in a mine accident.    C. Caldwell, an experienced operator from Eastern Canada,
was chosen to fill the position.
The operation was seriously affected by the man-power shortage which prevailed
during 1943. The average number of employees was sixty-two as against 123 in
1942 and 146 in 1941. Only about half of the crew was employed underground and
it was there that the shortage was most acutely felt. Changes were made in the
mining practice, which increased the tonnage produced per man-shift, and towards the
end of the year a few men returned from placer operations. Only 284 feet of drifts
and crosscuts and 145 feet of raises were driven. This work was all incidental to the
stoping operations and was scattered through all the levels from the 3,250 up. The
figures quoted for development-work represent about 5 per cent, of the development-
work done when the mine was operating under normal conditions. The diamond-
drilling footage was curtailed to 4,177 feet, or about 10 per cent, of the normal figure.
Ore mined and milled totalled 22,635 tons for an average of 62 tons per day. This
yielded 10,202 oz. of gold and 1,577 oz. of silver.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1934, Part C.j
BRIDGE RIVER AREA.
Pioneer Gold     (50° 122° N.W.)    Capital:  2,500,000 shares, $1 par;  issued, 1,751,750.
Mines of B.C.,   This company operates the Pioneer mine on Cadwallader Creek, a tribu-
Lt<'- tary of Bridge River, 52 miles by road from the Bridge River Station
on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
On January 1st, 1943, the number of men on the pay-roll was 120, and of these,
sixty were employed underground.    On January 1st, 1944, the respective figures were
eighty-eight and thirty-four.    In normal times these numbers were in the vicinity
of 300 and 200.    The small underground crew was barely sufficient to keep the mine
in condition and much retimbering will have to be done before all the broken ore
reserves can be removed.    Also, the No. 3 shaft head-frame will have to be replaced
with a new structure.
Development-work consisted of 376 feet of drifting and 147 feet of raising, on the
" 27 " vein, up from the 21st level horizon, and diamond-drilling totalled 7,972 feet.
The ore milled, 26,435 tons, yielded 11,261 oz. of gold and 2,022 oz. of silver. Not
more than 40 tons daily was hoisted during the latter part of the year.
As in the previous year, Mr. McKenzie, the master mechanic, made several new
and ingenious devices to prolong the life of equipment that cannot be replaced very
easily at the present time.
(50° 122° N.W.)    Capital:   1,250,000 shares, no par value;   issued,
Bralorne Mines,  1,247,000.    This company operates the Bralorne mine,  situated  on
Ltd. Cadwallader Creek, about 50 miles by road from Shalalth, a station on
the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
In 1943, a year when the output of all gold mines was seriously curtailed by the
labour shortage, this operation established an enviable record for ability to maintain
production and to hold employees not compelled to move elsewhere.    With an average
underground crew of 126 men, the monthly production for the year averaged 9,872 PROGRESS NOTES. A 61
tons as against 14,258 tons in 1942 when the crew averaged 211 men. Favourable
development-work in veins resulted in the delivery of a much better than average grade
of ore to the mill, which compensated in some measure for the smaller tonnage milled.
The development-work was all done in the Crown and Empire mines, and consisted
of 5,616 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 769 feet of raising, and 4,193 feet of diamond-
drilling. These totals are less than the 1942 figures and considerably below the 1941
figures. Drifting on the " 77 " vein on the 16th, 17th, 18th, and 19th levels, and foot-
wall of the 20th level, opened up some excellent ore-bodies, especially on the 16th and
17th levels. Work on the " 53 " vein also opened up a good ore-shoot. Drifting was
also done on the " 51 " vein to make a connection between the Crown and Empire shafts
on the 16th level. Two other veins, the " 79 " and " 81," were opened up during the
latter two months of the year.
New guides were installed in the Crown shaft from top to bottom. A total of 1,848
feet of two-compartment shaft was reguided and the two 6-foot diameter sheaves in the
head-frame were also replaced.
Surface work was kept to a minimum throughout the year and no new buildings
were erected. The old Bradian compressor building was moved down to the present
Bradian camp portal level to serve as a blacksmith and tinsmith shop. Maintenance-
work was required on the 36-inch water-line supplying the compressor-house. This
line has been in operation for fifteen years and many of the trestles required replacing.
At the beginning of the year the scheelite plant treated small tonnages of ore
from the Bralorne mine and from the Tungsten King and Tungsten Queen operations.
Recoveries of 75 per cent, were made on the low-grade ores and recoveries up to 89 per
cent, were made on the better grade ores. The concentrates obtained assayed 72 per
cent. W03. Good metallurgical results were obtained in the treatment of low-grade
scheelite concentrates for the removal of sulphur. The plant was operated again in
June and in September and small shipments of scheelite concentrates were made. In
the main mill, a new high of 97.7 per cent, gold recovery was obtained during the early
part of the year. A total of 118,462 tons of ore was milled in 1943. This yielded
73,817 oz. of gold and 19,225 oz. of silver.
KAMLOOPS AREA.
(51° 119° S.W.)    Mine office, Kamloops, B.C.;   E. H. Kellner, Manag-
Ho   est k   M'ne  mg Director;   T. W. Page, Superintendent.    This mine is on the Louis
Allied Mining and Creek-Squaam Bay road, approximately 3 miles north-westward from
Development Co., the head of Squaam Bay, on Adams Lake, or 18 miles easterly by
LtJ'- auto-road from Louis Creek Station on the Canadian National Railway,
36 miles north of Kamloops.
Work was discontinued during December, 1941, and was not resumed during 1943,
except for a small amount of repair-work.    The expected reopening of this mine for
the production of barite, zinc, and silver did not materialize.    A watchman and superintendent were employed on surface repairs.
STUMP LAKE AREA.
(50° 120° S.E.)    Capital:  6,500,000 shares, $1 par;  issued, 4,537,628.
Consolidated     This mine is situated at Stump Lake, 2 miles west of the Kamloops-
Nieola Goldfields, Merritt Highway and 30 miles from Merritt.    Mining operations were
Lt<l- suspended on December 9th, 1942, and were not resumed during 1943.
An engineer and caretaker remain at the property to take charge of
the place and to do the necessary pumping of water from the mine. A 62 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
SIMILKAMEEN RIVER AREA.
Hedley.
(49° 120° S.E.)     Company Office, 908 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver,
Hedley Mascot   B.C.; mine office, Hedley, B.C.; B. S. Brown, President; V. J. Creeden,
Gold Mines, Ltd. Secretary;   W. S. Charlton, Treasurer;   C. W. S. Tremaine, General
Superintendent;    J.   C.   Moore,   Mine   Foreman.    Capital:    3,000,000
shares, $1 par;   issued, 2,264,130.
This company operates the Mascot mine, 1 mile north of Hedley. The concentrator
and mine offices are on the east bank of Hedley Creek and the camp is on the side of
Nickel Plate Mountain. The ore is transported down the side of the mountain by an
aerial tramway, 5,600 feet in length, from the ore-bin at the mine to the mill. The two
ore-skips have a capacity of 2 tons each.
The mine has been developed by an 8- by 8-foot adit, 2,500 feet in length, and
generally known as the 4,800-foot level; this is the main haulage into the Mascot
Fraction. The raise from the 4,300-foot level was completed and put into service
during 1941.    Four intermediate levels are opened off this raise.
The workings of this mine are connected to the workings of the adjacent Nickel
Plate mine at several points underground; these connections are open, thus permitting
of a joint ventilation system. During months when natural ventilation is found to
be inadequate a 4-foot diameter Jeffrey propeller-type fan in the 4,800-foot level is
used to assist the natural air-current.
Development consisted of 1,252 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 878 feet of
raising, and 9,319 feet of diamond-drilling. Four new chutes were built. Preparations
were made for the opening of a new tunnel to be started 500 feet lower than the 4,300
level. Underground development during the year was restricted owing to the shortage
of labour and no plant additions were made. Also because of the shortage of labour,
the mill was closed in September and remained closed at the end of 1943, but it was
expected that milling would be resumed early in the new year. Mill employees were
found work at the mine and further underground work was devoted to breaking ore
and development.
A total of 47,848 tons of ore was produced during 1943, yielding 13,122 oz. of gold,
2,736 oz. of silver, and a quantity of popper and arsenic. At the end of the year sixty
men were employed.
(49°  120°  S.E.)     Company office, 75 West Street, New York, NY.;
Nickel Plate     mine office, Hedley, B.C.;   W. A. Kissam, Chairman;   T. Tyng, Pres-
Mine, Kelowna   ident;   J. W. Mercer, Treasurer;   R. Emmel, Secretary;   W. C. Doug-
ECoIOrLtd0n      lass, General Manager;   F. A. McGonigle, Mine Manager;   C.B.Hume,
Mine Superintendent;   Floyd Turner, Mine Foreman.
This is a private company operating the Nickel Plate mine at Hedley. The mill,
machine-shops, and general offices are at Hedley. The mine is at an elevation of
5,600 feet and approximately 4,000 feet above and 4 miles north of the town.
The transportation system up the side of the Nickel Plate Mountain is in two sections;
a 10,000-foot gravity tramway from the ore-bin at the mill is operated with skips having
a capacity of 6 tons each. The portal of the mine is 1% miles north of the top of the
upper terminal;  an electric trolley system hauls the ore from the mine to this terminal.
The Nickel Plate mine is connected underground at several points with the Hedley
Mascot mine, and as the upper outlets of the Nickel Plate mine are at a higher elevation
than the Mascot mine a high motive column is provided for natural ventilation.
Development during the year consisted of 1,364 feet of drifting, crosscutting, and
raising; 73 feet of sinking, and 6,410 feet of diamond-drilling. The most important
underground development during the year was the completing of the Morning incline. PROGRESS NOTES. A 63
The shaft was commenced in 1941 and was completed during February this year. The
shaft is sunk on an angle of 50 degrees and is down 1,000 feet; it is 8 by 16 feet in
size, consisting of a double track for haulage and a manway compartment. Four levels
have been turned off from the shaft and the stations are established at the following
elevations above sea-level: 4,600 feet, 4,450 feet, 4,300 feet, and 4,150 feet. Two of
these stations were completed during 1943. Owing to shortage of labour it was
necessary to curtail development drastically.
A notable feature during 1943 was the recovery of 16,966 tons of slime from the
slime-pond, which was taken to the mill for retreatment. A total of 67,640 tons of
mined ore and slime was put through the mill. This yielded 23,344 oz. of gold, 2,405 oz.
of silver, and a quantity of copper and arsenic. At the end of 1943 eighty men were
employed underground, eighty-five on the surface, and seventeen on the staff.
CAMP McKINNEY AREA.
(49°   119°   S.E.)    This property,  situated  at  Camp  McKinney,  was
Cariboo-Amelia,  operated under lease by two groups of leasers, the first consisting of
E. Wanke and O. Johnson, of Greenwood, and the second of H. Fritz
and F. Fritz, of Midway.    Both groups have installed small portable gasoline-driven
mining plants.    Ore was recovered from stope remnants and surface pillars above the
old water-level.    Ore mined and shipped to Trail, amounting to 736 tons, yielded 388 oz.
of gold, 628 oz. of silver, 7,219 lb. of lead, and 5,381 lb. of zinc.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 6, 1940.]
GREENWOOD-GRAND FORKS AREA.
Jewel Lake.
(49° 118° S.W.) This property was leased by W. E. McArthur, of
Dentonia Mine. Greenwood. As electrical power was not available a small gasoline-
operated mining plant was installed. Development-work included
50 feet of drifting and 2,000 feet of diamond-drilling. The old Jewel shaft was
partially unwatered to do some of this work. Four men were employed. A total of
434 tons of siliceous ore was mined and shipped to Trail. This yielded 100 oz. of gold
and 675 oz. of silver.    Late in 1943 the lease was given up.
Grand Forks.
(49° 118° S.E.)   This property is about 12 miles north of Grand Forks.
Humming Bird.   It is owned and operated by C. A. Anderson, of Grand Forks.    It is
equipped with a small complete gasoline-driven mining plant.    A total
of 62 tons of ore was mined and shipped to Trail.    This yielded 13 oz. of gold and
85 oz. of silver.
ROSSLAND AREA.
Mount Roberts.
(49°  117°  S.W.)    This property, on Mount Roberts,  is owned and
Midnight.       operated by B. A. Lins and associates, of Rossland.    It is equipped with
a small complete mining plant.    Four men were employed.    A total
of 177 tons was mined and shipped to Trail.
(49° 117° S.W.)    This property adjoins the Midnight.    It is equipped
I.X.L. with a small mining plant.    It was operated continuously throughout
1943 by C. Jorgensen and associates, of Rossland, under lease.    Two
men were engaged in this work.    Ore amounting to 50 tons was mined and shipped to
Trail, and this yielded 119 oz. of gold and 56 oz. of silver. A 64 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
NELSON AREA.
Toad Mountain.
(49°   117°   S.E.)    This  property,  on  Toad  Mountain,   is  owned  by
California.       M. Wilson, of Trail.    It was operated under lease by L. J. Gormley
and N. Sodolosky, of Nelson, until the middle of the year.    A small
portable gasoline-driven compressor was used.    A total of 41 tons of ore was mined
and shipped to Trail.
Eagle Creek.
(49° 117° S.E.)    Company office, 521 Central Building, Seattle, Wash-
Granite Poorman, ington; H. R. Smith, Blewett, B.C., President and Manager.    Capital:
Livingstone      10,000 shares, no par value;   issued, 7,915.    This company owns and
Mining Co.     operates the Granite Poorman on Eagle Creek, near Blewett.    The property is equipped with a complete mining plant and mill, but the latter
was not operated during 1943.    Very little development-work was done as only two
men on the average were employed.    A total of 238 tons was mined and shipped to
Trail.    This yielded 155 oz. of gold and 228 oz. of silver.
(49° 117° S.E.)    This property, adjoining the Granite Poorman, is
Venango.       controlled by A. Norcross and associates, of Nelson.    Development-
work, consisting of 150 feet of ground-sluicing, 100 feet of stripping,
and 400 feet of diamond-drilling, was continued, and a new vein containing encouraging
gold values and some scheelite was uncovered for a length of over 250 feet.    The property is equipped with a small complete mining plant.
Rover Greek.
(49°   117°   S.E.)     Company office,  Room  11,  K.W.C.  Block,   Nelson,
Rover Creek     B.C.;   L. D.  Clark, Manager and Secretary.    This company, a sub-
Mining Co., Ltd. sidiary of Alpine Gold, Ltd., continued to prospect a group of claims on
Whitewater Creek, a tributary of Rover Creek, where there is a large
amount of quartz float carrying good gold values.    In the summer of 1943 work was
confined to 1,800 feet of diamond-drilling in an effort to locate the vein or veins indicated in the area outlined by topographic surveying and trenching in 1942.    Encouraging results were obtained.
Ymir.
(49° 117° S.E.)    This property is on Ymir Creek, about 5 miles above
Willcock.        Ymir.    It was operated by hand-steel for a short time during 1943
by B. Golac, of Ymir.    Ore totalling 15 tons was mined and shipped
to Trail, yielding 17 oz. of gold and 7Q oz. of silver.
(49° 117° S.E.)     This property, adjoining the Willcock, was operated
Arizona.        for a short time during  1943 by  O.  Anderson,  of Ymir.    A total
of 24 tons  of ore  which  was  mined  yielded  34  oz.  of  gold  and
62 oz. of silver.
(49° 117° S.E.)    These properties were operated under lease for the
Goodenough and greater part of 1943 by E. Haukedahl and A. Phare, of Ymir.    Ore was
Ymir. recovered from pillars and stope remnants by hand-steel and from old
surface dumps by a gasoline-driven scraper.    A total of 1,471 tons
was shipped to Trail.
(49°  117°   S.E.)    Company office,  525  Seymour  Street, Vancouver,
Ymir-YankeeGirl B.C.;  E. P. Crawford, President; W. A. Sutton, Secretary-Treasurer.
Gold Mines,     Capital: 3,000,000 shares, no par value;  issued, 2,225,005.   This prop-
Ltd. erty was operated under lease by L. Madden and E. Erickson, of Ymir.
Hand-steel was used to recover ore from pillars and stope remnants. PROGRESS NOTES. A 65
The aerial tram was used to transport the ore from the mine to the railroad. A total
of 124 tons was mined and shipped to Trail. This yielded 115 oz. of gold, 1,153 oz.
of silver, and some lead and zinc.
Erie Creek.
(49° 117° S.E.) This property on Keystone Mountain, about 3V2 miles
Arlington.       from Erie, is owned by the Relief-Arlington Mines, Limited, and now
is operated under lease and bond by B. and K. Golac and A. Shrives,
P.O. Box 223, Nelson. Under the original lease the property was closed in July, 1942,
because of the scarcity of labour, but it was reopened in August of 1943. Hand-steel
only was used. A total of 114 tons was mined and shipped to Trail. This yielded
291 oz. of gold, 864 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
(49° 117° S.E.) This property on Erie Creek, 13 miles from Erie,
Second Relief,    was purchased from the Relief-Arlington Mines, Ltd., by A. Burgess,
M. Burgess, C. M. Esche, and M. Towriss, of Salmo. The owners
commenced operations in August. Considerable material was recovered from cleaning
up around the old mill. A small water-driven compressor was installed and the owners
planned to operate underground on pillars and stope remnants above the No. 5 level as
soon as weather conditions interfered with surface work. All workings below the
No. 5 level are served by a shaft and are flooded. A total of 245 tons was shipped to
Trail.    This yielded 215 oz. of gold and 135 oz. of silver.
Sheep Creek.
(49° 117° S.E.)     Company office, 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.;
Kootenay Belle   mine office, Sheep Creek, B.C.;   J. Rogers, President;   J. A. Clarke,
Gold Mines, Ltd. Secretary-Treasurer;  V. McDowall, Mine Manager.    Capital:   750,000
shares, 50 cents par; issued, 675,200. The company owns and operates
the Kootenay Belle mine on Sheep Creek, about 10 miles from Salmo. On this property
mining was continued on one small stope on the Black vein until June, 1943, when the
property was closed down. The ore mined was accumulated and treated in the mill
during May and June. All material and equipment of any value have been removed
from the mine and the workings below the 6 level have been allowed to flood. Part of
the milling equipment and several of the buildings, including the bunk-house, cookhouse, dry-house, and some residences, have been removed and taken to the company's
operation at the Whitewater mine. The number of men employed varied from twenty-
five at the beginning of the year to six at the close of the operation.
(49° 117° S.E.) Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Van-
Queen, Sheep couver, B.C.; mine office, Sheep Creek, B.C.; C. E. Marr, President;
Creek Gold Mines, J. Anderson, Secretary-Treasurer; H. E. Doelle, General Superinten-
Ltd- dent and Managing Director.    Capital:  2,000,000 shares, 50 cents par;
issued, 1,875,000. The company owns and operates the Queen mine on
Waldie Creek, a tributary of Sheep Creek. The mine operated continuously throughout the year. Development-work had been so reduced because of labour shortage that
it became impossible to supply the mill with ore for continuous operation. The mill
was operated continuously until April 12th, 1943, and from then on until about the end
of September ran intermittently as supplies of ore warranted. An attempt is being
made to save sufficient ore to enable the mill to operate continuously during the cold
part of the winter. Development done during 1943 included 166 feet of drifting,
66 feet of crosscutting, and 65 feet of raising. An average crew of only forty-eight
men was maintained throughout the year, whereas the normal crew at this mine is
from 100 to 110 men. A total of 30,285 tons of ore was mined and treated in the mill
during the year, and this yielded 13,079 oz. of gold and 3,929 oz. of silver. A 66 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(49° 117° S.E.) Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Van-
Gold Belt Mining couver, B.C.; mine office, Sheep Creek, B.C.; A. E. Jukes, President;
Co., Ltd.       J.   Anderson,   Secretary-Treasurer;    M.   O'Donnell,   Mine   Manager.
Capital: 3,000,000 shares, 50 cents par; issued, 2,550,000. The company owns and operates the Gold Belt mine on Sheep Creek. The mine was operated
continuously until the end of July, 1943, when the entire property was closed for the
duration. The mill was operating at reduced capacity until February 1st, closed until
April 1st, and finally closed and cleaned up about the end of July. Only 58 feet of cross-
cutting and 12 feet of drifting were done during the year. The number of men
employed varied from about forty-five at the beginning of the year to about twenty at
the close of the operation. Normally about 140 men were employed. When the property was closed, practically all available developed ore had been mined and consequently
it will be necessary to start on an extensive development programme when the mine is
opened after the war. A total of 8,993 tons was mined and treated in the mill and this
yielded 5,785 oz. of gold and 2,606 oz. of silver.
(49° 117° S.E.) This property, adjoining the Motherlode and Reno,
Nugget.        is owned  and  operated by A.  Endersby,  Jr.,  of  Fruitvale.    It  is
equipped with a small complete mining plant operated by water-power.
During the summer of 1943 four men were employed in recovering ore from the old
Nugget workings and 574 tons were mined and shipped to Trail. This yielded 173 oz.
of gold and 161 oz. of silver.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Zeballos.
(50° 126° S.W.)    Company office, 602 Stock Exchange Building, Van-
Privateer Mine,  couver, B.C.;  D. S. Tait, President;  C. H. Hewat, Manager.    Capital:
Ltd. 2,500,000  shares,  no par value;    issued,   2,454,080.    This company
operates the Privateer mine in Spud Valley, about 4 miles by road
from Zeballos. A 75- to 90-ton amalgamation and cyanide mill serves both the
road from Zeballos. A 75- to 90-ton amalgamation and cyanide mill serves both the
Privateer and Prident mines. Great difficulty was experienced during 1943 due to
labour shortage. During August and September one stope between the 900- and
1,000-foot level was worked and a small pillar on the 900 level was extracted. As it was
found impossible to carry on regular development-work due to the labour shortage, the
company decided to cease operations for the duration of the war and the mine closed
down on October 11th.
[Reference:   Lode-gold Deposits, Zeballos Area, 1938.]
(50° 126° S.W.) This mine adjoins the Privateer and is owned and
Prident Mine, operated by the Privateer Mine, Limited. During August and September one stope was worked between the 500 and 600 levels and some
backs were taken down farther along the 600 level. The mine closed down on October 11th. The amount of development-work for the year 1943 for both Privateer and
Prident mines was as follows: Drifting, 255 feet; crosscutting, 122 feet; raising,
132 feet; slashing, 14 feet. The total number of men employed at both mines before
closing down was fifty-seven. The total amount of ore mined was 19,452 tons; the
amount milled, 14,106 tons, yielded 13,485 oz. of gold and 5,352 oz. of silver. PROGRESS NOTES. A 67
GOLD-COPPER DEPOSITS.
KASLO AREA.
Voyageur.— (49° 117° N.E.) This property, on Ten Mile Creek, about 13 miles
from Kaslo, is controlled by R. D. Wallace, of Walla Walla, Washington. During 1943
a small amount of development-work was done by hand-steel.
SILVER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
GREENWOOD AREA.
(49° 118° S.W.) This property, about 1 mile north of Greenwood,
Providence. was operated continuously throughout 1943 by W. E. McArthur, of
Greenwood, and associates, under lease. A crew of from five to seven
men was employed. The property is equipped with a complete mining plant. Development-work done during 1943 included 400 feet of drifting, 75 feet of crosscutting, 150
feet of raising, 300 feet of diamond-drilling, and a small amount of sinking. A total
of 427 tons was mined and shipped to Trail and this yielded 224 oz. of gold, 52,393 oz.
of silver, and some lead and zinc.
(49° 118° S.W.) This property, near Greenwood, is operated by W. E.
Gold Finch. McArthur, of Greenwood. During 1943 a small complete mining plant
was installed near the portal of the main tunnel. Development-work
included 2,000 feet of open-cutting, 125 feet of drifting in the main tunnel, and a small
amount of raising. In addition to this, a new road, about % mile in length, was built
to connect the mine with the highway. A crew of from two to five men was employed.
No ore was mined.
COPPER DEPOSITS.
SIMILKAMEEN RIVER AREA.
Princeton.
(49° 120° S.W.)    J. B. Beaty, President;  A. S. Baillie, Vice-President
Copper Mountain, and  General  Manager;   W.  I.  Nelson,  General  Superintendent;    F.
Granby Consoli- Buckle, Mine Superintendent;   C. H. Brehaut, Assistant Superinten-
datfd M.'™n9>   dent;   R. S. Douglass, Mine Foreman.    Capital:   600,000 shares, $5
and Power Co    Par>   issued, 450,260.    The Copper Mountain mine and the concen-
Ltd. trator at Allenby have been in continuous operation since work was
resumed early in 1937, following a suspension of several years.   The
mine is at Copper Mountain, at an elevation of 4,000 feet, and is 12 miles south of
Princeton.    A branch line of the Kettle Valley Railway from Princeton connects the
mine, concentrator, and power plant.
The main development of the mine is by two main adit haulage-tunnels known as
No. 2 and No. 6 levels; all the ore is passed by haulage and transfer-chutes to No. 6
level, on which the main transportation system of the mine is situated. The ore is
crushed near the portal of No. 6 level and is carried on the railway to the concentrator
at Allenby, 8 miles distant.    The more recently opened levels, No. 7 and No. 8, received A 68 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
no attention in the way of development during the year. The only work done on these
lower levels was the drawing of ore mined in some of the upper workings; this ore is
then hoisted up the No. 2 shaft to No. 6 level.
Development during 1943 consisted of 5,945 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 9,196
feet of raising, 5 feet of sinking, and 7,255 feet of diamond-drilling. Eleven new
chutes were built during 1943 and twenty-seven new grizzlies were made. Development in the Princess May workings was completed during the year; this section being
mined by glory-hole and diamond-drill shrinkage stoping. New plant installations
included a new angle-compound air-compressor having a capacity of 1,500 cubic feet.
At the crushing plant the fine-ore bin capacity was increased by the erection of a new
800-ton capacity extension.
Underground ventilation has been generally well maintained and during the year
was supplemented by the addition of a new fan on No. 5 level north. Six fans are
now employed; these being able to provide constant ventilation, instead of the former
method of unreliable natural ventilation.
During 1943 the total of 1,363,346 tons of ore milled yielded 22,892,724 lb. of
copper, 6,464 oz. of gold, and 156,507 oz. of silver.
As in 1942, there was again a sharp decrease in development, attributable to the
critical shortage of skilled labour and the employment of inexperienced workmen.
Exclusive of townsite and staff employees, 257 men were employed at Copper Mountain
at the end of the year; of these, 177 men were employed underground. Labour turnover was again high;   225 men were hired and 377 quit or were discharged.
VANCOUVER AREA.
(49° 123° N.E.)     Company office, 730 Fifth Avenue, New York City;
Britannia Mining mine office, Britannia Beach, B.C.;   E. B.  Schley, President;   C. P.
and Smelting     Charlton,  Secretary-Treasurer;   C.  P.  Browning,  General  Manager;
Co., Ltd. and G. C. Lipsey, Superintendent. Capital: 100,000 shares, $25 par;
issued, 91,966. This company operates the Britannia mines at Britannia Beach, Howe Sound. Development-work and stoping has been continued throughout the year. The mines operating are the Victoria, No. 5, Fairview, and the Bluff.
Regular development-work has been greatly hindered during the year due to the labour
shortage and particularly as the management has endeavoured to keep up a reasonable
production. No. 7 service shaft was ready for operation and complete equipment
installed.
During 1943 the No. 8 shaft has been sunk 1,116 feet from the 4,100 level to a
point 36 feet below the 5,250 level. The rope raises and some of the transfer raises
have been completed and the hoist-room excavated in preparation for a modern hoist
which is to be installed sometime in 1944. This shaft will open up the No. 8 mine
area below the 4,100 level.
Development-work for the year totalled 9,772 feet or 1.83 miles, made up as follows: Drifting, 1,330 feet; crosscutting, 1,158 feet; raises, 4,548 feet; powder-blast
workings, 1,578 feet; winzes, 47 feet, and 1,116 feet of shaft sinking. A total of 9,772
feet of diamond-drilling was done. The total number of men employed at the end of
the year for all operations underground, on the surface, and mill was 634. A total of
849,147 tons of ore was mined and was treated in the mill to produce pyrite concentrates and copper concentrates. The latter yielded 16,436,868 lb. of copper, 10,922 oz.
of gold, and 73,645 oz. of silver. PROGRESS NOTES. • A 69
COPPER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
TEXADA ISLAND.
(49° 124° N.W.)    Company office, 626 Pender Street West, Vancouver,
Little Billie,      B.C.;   L. Prosser, President;  W. S. Hamilton, Manager.   During 1943
Industrial Metals this company reopened the Little Billie mine, near Vananda, Texada
Mining Co., Ltd.  island.    The shaft, 280 feet in depth, was unwatered and the 80-foot,
180-foot, and 280-foot levels cleaned up.   A 90-foot crosscut was driven
from the outside to connect with the 80-foot level and 170 feet of drifting and 25 feet
of crosscutting were done on this level.    On the 180-foot level about 30 feet of cross-
cutting to connect old drifts and about 20 feet of drifting to the north-east on this
level were completed.    No development had been done on the 280-foot level by the end
of the year.    Some 110 feet of diamond-drilling was undertaken on the 80-foot level
with no definite results.    The number of employees is twenty-seven.
COPPER-ZINC DEPOSITS.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Duncan.
(48° 123° N.W.) Twin " J " Mines, Limited. Head office, Vancouver,
Mount Sicker. B.C.; mine office address, Duncan, B.C.; E. M. Thomson, President;
C. Rutherford, General Manager; R. B. Gayer, Mine Manager. Capital: 3,000,000 shares, $1 par; issued, 3,000,000. The mine has operated steadily
throughout 1943 with an average crew of fifty men employed underground and forty
on the surface. Development-work done includes 4,017 feet of drifting and cross-
cutting, 379 feet of raising, and 550 feet of diamond-drilling. During 1943, 17,302
tons of ore were mined and 17,552 tons were milled. In keeping with the general
development programme, it was also found necessary to clean up and repair 3,636 feet
of old adits.
A complete new camp was built close to the mine and mill and consists of a cookhouse and dining-room; a two-story bunk-house of twenty rooms to accommodate forty
men; change-house and first-aid room combined with accommodation in the dry for
fifty men; office and a staff-house of five rooms. The buildings at the old Tyee camp
have been remodelled and equipped to provide living-quarters for married employees.
The erection of the mill, begun in December, 1942, was completed and milling operations began in July, 1943. This building, measuring 46 by 84 feet, is of timber construction with concrete foundations and retaining walls and floors; 46-foot single-span
roof-trusses of teco ring construction were used throughout. The mill was originally
designed to treat from 120 to 130 tons of ore a day and has exceeded expectations in
this regard ever since the machinery was properly broken in. Selective flotation is
the method used to separate the minerals in this complex copper-zinc ore. The mill
machinery is operated by electricity supplied by Nanaimo-Duncan Utilities. Power for
underground equipment is provided by a Gardner-Denver compressor having a capacity
of 1,000 cubic feet of air a minute. The square set method of mining is employed,
the broken ore being brought down from the different levels through main ore raises
to No. 3 level, where it is loaded into mine-cars and hauled to the mill by a Mancha
storage-battery locomotive; storage-racks for charging the batteries are located convenient to the No. 3 portal. A 70 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
SILVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS.
BEAVERDELL AREA.
(49° 119° S.E.)    Company office, Creston, B.C.;   mine office, Beaver-
Highland Bell,    dell, B.C.;   R. V.  Staples, Managing Director;   R. B. Staples, Mine
Ltd. Manager.    Capital:   1,500,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 1,315,856.    The
company owns and operates the Highland Bell mine on Wallace Mountain, 4 miles from Beaverdell. This property operated continuously throughout 1943
on a somewhat reduced scale of production. Some difficulty was experienced in maintaining a crew of full strength. During 1943 the number of men employed decreased
from about forty to twenty-five. Considerable new work was undertaken. The entire
mining plant was moved from its old location near the camp to a site near the portal
of the No. 4 or lowest adit-level, where a new compressor-house, blacksmith-shop, office,
and small change-house were built. Compressor capacity was augmented by the
installation of a two-stage Belliss Morcom 400-cubic-foot compressor, driven by a No. 7
Rushton and Hornsby Diesel engine. Complete electric haulage consisting of a Mancha
trammer and charging equipment was installed on the No. 4 level. It is planned to do
away altogether with the old camp-site and cook-house and to transport the men from
Beaverdell, a distance of about 3^2 miles, daily. Underground, a large raise is being
driven to connect the 8 level with the 4 level and to provide a more direct means of
haulage between these two workings. Development done during 1943 included 510
feet of crosscutting, 420 feet of raising, and 100 feet of sinking. In addition to this,
a new road 3,700 feet long was built connecting the 4 level portal with the main Wallace Mountain road. During 1943 a total of 2,249 tons was mined and shipped to
Trail.    This yielded 89 oz. of gold, 327,487 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
AINSWORTH.
Spokane Group, Ainsmore Mines, Ltd.— (49° 116° N.W.) Company office, Ainsworth,
B.C.; C. M. Mohr, Manager. This company operates the Spokane group of claims on
Munn Creek, about 3 miles from Ainsworth. This property operated continuously
throughout 1943, an average of four men being employed. A total of 79 tons of crude
lead ore was mined and shipped to the Kellogg Smelter under contract with the Metals
Reserve Corporation of Washington, D.C.
(49° 116° N.W.) This property on Kootenay Lake, 2y2 miles north of
Kootenay Ainsworth, is being operated by the Wartime Metals Corporation, 637
Florence. Craig Street West, Montreal, Que. An active programme has been
carried out throughout 1943. Electric power was obtained from the
Corporation of the City of Nelson and a power-line run from Ainsworth to the mine.
The old camp was altered and added to in order to accommodate about eighty men.
The mill was completely remodelled and equipped with up-to-date selective flotation
equipment to give it a capacity of about 120 tons per day. A complete mining plant
was installed. The mill was put in operation on June 30th, 1943, at a capacity of about
80 tons per day on the tailings which had been dumped into Kootenay Lake during
former operations. These tailings were recovered by means of a drag-line scraper and
hoist and were hoisted to the mill and put directly into the fine-ore bins. It was not
necessary to put this material through a crusher as it was jig tailings %- to y2-inch
mesh. In the mine a mechanical ventilation system was installed on the 9 and 5 levels
in order to reopen these workings. The main work undertaken was the driving of
a raise from the 9 to the 5 level in order to provide ventilation in the 9-level workings
and another exit from the mine. In order to make this connection it was necessary to
reopen a considerable amount of the old workings on the 5 level and crosscut some 260 PROGRESS NOTES. A 71
feet to the top of the raise. This work was completed late in 1943. In addition to
this, some work was done on the 8 and 9 levels in order to get ready for stoping.
A small amount of the 6,762 tons treated for the year was recovered from these last-
mentioned workings. The development-work for 1943 included 241 feet of drifting,
539 feet of raising, 510 feet of crosscutting, and 963 feet of diamond-drilling. The
crew varied from fifty men at the first of the year to eighty men when the mill was
put into operation.
SLOCAN AREA.
Kaslo-Three Forks.
(50° 117° S.E.)    Control of this property has been acquired by the
Whitewater.     Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Limited.    Up until the end of August,
1943, underground work consisted of completely reconditioning and
examining part of the old workings and diamond-drilling with an idea of proving up
a reasonable body of ore. Underground work for the year consisted of 234 feet of
drifting and 3,787 feet of diamond-drilling. In addition to this 2,000 feet of old drifts,
200 feet of old crosscuts, and 300 feet of old raises were repaired and reconditioned.
On the surface, considerable work was done to ensure adequate living accommodations
for the crew. This included the completion of two cottages, the building of a six-suite
apartment (which was half completed by the end of 1943), the addition of two bedrooms, a refrigerator plant, and root-house to the cook-house, and the addition of ten
bedrooms to the bunk-house. Other surface construction, which is either completed or
well under way, included a 26- by 35-foot addition to the mill to house the grinding
plant and a power-house building 45 by 90 feet to house four Diesel engines totalling
580 horse-power. These Diesel engines have been purchased but have not yet been
installed. Material for a new change-house and blacksmith-shop is on hand and it is
planned to start construction on these before the end of the year. A total of twelve to
fifteen men was employed while diamond-drilling and underground repair-work were
being done, but this crew increased to over forty when construction-work was commenced. The company plans to start milling in February, 1944, with the Whitewater
grinding unit, at a rate of about 150 tons a day. The completion of the installation
of the Kootenay Belle grinding unit is planned for early in March, 1944, and this will
enable the mill to treat some 300 tons per day. Concentrates are to be shipped under
a contract with the Metals Reserve Corporation, Washington, D.C.
(50° 117° S.E.)    This property in the Jackson Basin, about 7 miles
Bell. from Retallack, was operated under lease and bond by J. Gallo and
associates, of Nelson. The road from Retallack to the mine was repaired
and reconditioned with the assistance of a Government grant. Four men were engaged
in the operation and all work was done by hand methods. A total of 235 tons was
recovered from old dumps and pillars and stope remnants in the underground workings.
The ore was treated in the mill of Zincton Mines, Limited, yielding 168,221 lb. of zinc
in the form of concentrates, which were shipped with those of the Zincton company's
mine to the Anaconda Smelter, near Butte, Montana.
(50° 117° S.E.)    This property, near Blaylock, is owned and operated
Caledonia.       by G. E. McCready.    During 1943 a total of 80 feet of drifting was
done and 2 tons of ore were mined by hand-steel and shipped to Trail,
and yielded 208 oz. of silver, 1,217 lb. of lead, and 150 lb. of zinc.
(50° 117° S.E.)    This company is a subsidiary of the Sheep Creek
Lucky Jim,      Gold Mines, Limited.    It owns and operates the Zincton (Lucky Jim)
Zincton Mines,   mine  at Zincton.     The  mine  and  mill were  operated  continuously
Ltd- throughout 1943.    An average crew of fifty-four men was employed
with about thirty-two working underground. Towards the end of 1943
the twenty M.S. flotation cells were replaced by twelve modern Denver cells.    The A 72 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
installation of these new cells improved the recovery and grade of concentrate and cut
down the reagent consumption. The mill capacity of about 320 tons per day was not
maintained steadily due to labour shortages and absenteeism. Development-work for
the year included 556 feet of drifting, 284 feet of crosscutting, 506 feet of raising, 219
feet of incline at 20 degrees, and 11,645 feet of diamond-drilling. A total of 84,858
tons of ore was mined and milled. A zinc concentrate was made and shipped to the
Anaconda Smelter, near Butte, Montana, under a contract with the Metals Reserve
Corporation of Washington. No payment was made for silver and no lead was
recovered.
Sandon-Three Forks.
Western.— (50° 117° S.E.) This property, at Three Forks, is owned by G. F.
Gormley and F. Solveoff, of Nelson. About 150 feet of crosscutting was done by
hand-steel.
(49° 117° N.E.) This property, 3 miles from Sandon, is owned by
Victor. D. Petty, of Nelson, and is operated under lease by E. Doney and
partner. A total of 38 tons was mined by hand-steel and shipped to
Trail.    This yielded 4 oz. of gold and 5,878 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
(49° 117° N.E.)    Mine office, Sandon, B.C.;  A. H. Honsberger, Mana-
N bl   F'     Min    ger'    Capital:    3,000,000   shares,   50   cents   par;    issued,   2,000,000;
Reco Mountain' 127,500 debentures, issued 127,500.    This company controls and oper-
Base Metal      ates the Noble Five mine about 21/.! miles from Sandon.    The company
Mines, Ltd.      has just spent about $50,000 in bringing the Noble Five mine into
production. Practically all the surface plant, including camps, mill,
and power plants, was repaired and reconditioned. The flumes and penstocks from the
power plant on Carpenter and Cody Creeks required considerable repairs and replacements and some $15,000 was spent on this work. The mill was completely reconditioned. Some changes were made in the flow-sheet and four Union Iron Works and
two Denver cells were added to the flotation circuit. Power plant equipment was
increased by the installation of a Diesel-driven compressor of about 240 cubic feet per
minute actual capacity. At the mine an extensive diamond-drilling programme was
undertaken and was successful in blocking out a considerable tonnage of ore. In addition to diamond-drilling, 127 feet of box-holes were driven, 45 feet of drifting done,
and 2,800 feet of drift reconditioned. The tram-line from the mine to the mill was
put in working condition and the underground hoist and raise from the 18 to the 8
level were completely overhauled and put in condition to handle men. The mill was put
in operation in September, 1943, and a total of 4,645 tons was treated up to the end
of November; of this, 576 tons came from an old tailings dump, 137 tons were hauled
from the Ruth-Hope mine at Sandon, and 3,932 tons were obtained from the mine.
During the construction period from twenty-five to thirty men were employed. After
milling was commenced a total crew of about seventy was required. The concentrates
were shipped under a Metals Reserve Corporation contract.
Silverton-New Denver.
(49° 117° N.E.)     Company office, Silverton, B.C.    Capital:   2,000,000
Standard and    snares> 50 cents par;   issued, 1,513,482.    This company operated the
Mammoth, West- Standard mine on Emily Creek, about 3 miles from Silverton, and the
ern Exploration   Mammoth mine on Avison Creek, about 4%  miles from Silverton.
Co., Ltd.        Both operations were under the supervision of A. M. Ham, of Silver-
ton.    Both mines worked continuously during  1943.    The Standard
employed an average crew of about eighty-five men, including those working in the mill
and power plant and on the flume.    Development at this property for the company's
year ended November 30th, 1943, was 1,743 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 359 feet PROGRESS NOTES. A 73
of raising, and 6,195 feet of diamond-drilling. New development consisted of driving
the No. 6 level. Although no commercial ore-shoots were encountered, there was some
encouraging mineralization. At the Mammoth mine an average crew of about forty-
five men was employed. Due to shortage of labour the mine was operated for only one
shift for the greater part of the year. Development-work at this property included
245 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 73 feet of raising, and 811 feet of diamond-
drilling. The Standard mill treated a total of 48,029 tons of ore. This was made up
as follows: From the Standard, 15,955 tons; from the Mammoth, 21,121 tons; and
from the Slocan Lake tailings at Silverton, 9,328 tons. In addition to this, 1,523 tons
of tailings and 102 tons of ore were purchased from the Enterprise mine. The dredging of the Slocan Lake tailings was discontinued about the end of April as the grade
of the material recovered fell to about 2 per cent. zinc. No tailings were dredged from
Slocan Lake near the site of the old Rosebery mill. All concentrates were shipped to
Kellogg, Idaho, under a contract with the Metals Reserve Corporation, Washington, D.C.
(49° 117° N.E.) This property is on Enterprise Creek, 5 miles from
Enterprise. the main Slocan highway. It is operated under lease and bond by S. N.
Ross and associates, of Nelson. Work was commenced in June with a
crew of four men. Material amounting to 1,523 tons, averaging about 3 per cent, zinc,
about 0.25 per cent, lead, and 9 oz. of silver per ton, was salvaged from an old tailings
dump and hauled to the Standard mill for treatment. After the tailings were disposed
of, seven men were employed and work was directed towards getting production from
the mine. To do this the installation of a water-driven compressor was completed, a
small ore-bin built, and a gasoline-driven jaw crusher was installed above the ore-bin.
Some preliminary clean up work and timbering was also done in the mine. Up to
November 30th, a total of 102 tons of ore had been mined and hauled to the Standard
mill for treatment.    The operation was closed for the winter on December 17th.
(49° 117° N.E.)     This property is now controlled by the International
Van Roi. Metals Inc., Limited, 101-102 Pemberton Building, Victoria, B.C. During the early part of 1943 a crew of fourteen men, under the supervision of W. Nelson, of Silverton, was engaged in reopening and cleaning up old
workings. The A, 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 levels have been made accessible for examination
and sampling. All this work was done by hand methods. Some repair-work was also
done on the old mill, chiefly to preserve the building. Nothing further was done to
bring the property into production.
Mountain Chief.— (49° 117° N.E.) This property, near New Denver, was operated
by J. Cechelero. A total of 52 tons of ore was mined with hand-steel and shipped
to Trail.
Bosun.— (49° 117° N.E.) This property on Slocan Lake, between Silverton and
New Denver, was operated by leasers. A total of 8 tons of ore was mined. This
yielded 511 oz. of silver and some lead and zinc.
LARDEAU   AREA.
Ferguson.
(50° 117° N.E.) This property is now controlled by the Codan Lead
True Fissure, and Zinc Company, of Ferguson. A crew of thirteen men was employed under the direction of M. de Mers. Efforts were directed
towards sorting and shipping a dump of high-grade zinc ore. This property is equipped
with a complete mining and milling plant and there is a fairly substantial tonnage of
lead-zinc ore indicated in the workings. The management had intended to go into full-
scale production but was unable to do so because of adverse labour conditions. A 74 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
CRANBROOK AREA.
(49° 115° N.W.) Company office, 215 St. James Street, Montreal,
Sullivan Mine Que-! mine and smelter office, Trail, B.C.; S. G. Blaylock, Trail, Presi-
Consolidated Min-dent; R. E. Stavert, Montreal, Vice-President; J. E. Riley, Montreal,
ing and Smelting Secretary; H. B. Fuller, Trail, Comptroller; James Buchanan, Trail,
Co. of Canada, General Manager. Sullivan mine office: Kimberley, B.C.; William
Lindsay, General Superintendent; J. R. Giegerich, Mine Superintendent; H. R. Banks, Mill Superintendent. Capital: 4,000,000 shares,
$5 par; issued, 3,276,329. The company owns and operates the Sullivan mine on Mark
Creek, near the town of Kimberley, and the Sullivan concentrator at Chapman Camp,
some 3 miles away.
During 1943 the output decreased to some extent from the unprecedented high
level reached in 1942, owing to various reasons, chief among which was the fact that,
in some sections, it was found difficult for the development-work to keep up with the
pace set by extraction and that, late in the summer, production was temporarily suspended in several stopes following a large fall of ground.
An unavoidable consequence of increased activity, enlargement of the crew, and the
impossibility of maintaining the former careful selection in recruiting, has been a
rising accident rate, but determined efforts have been made to reduce accidents to the
gratifying rate which was held previously.
Owing to constantly varying conditions in the workings, guidance of the air-
currents for proper ventilation demands and receives close attention. The two main
fans are passing together a total of 158,000 cubic feet of air per minute, while eleven
smaller units in service underground assure adequate distribution.
On September 14th, after some heavy ground sloughing, the hanging-wall collapsed
over an area of approximately 12,000 square feet; two stopes were completely, and
two others partly, filled by the debris, representing an estimated volume of 300,000
cubic yards. The settlement extended to the surface in which it left a funnel-shaped
cavity of rather impressive dimensions. No one was injured although a violent air-
blast was induced by the fall, but operations were suspended in several of the adjoining
stopes while the possibility of an extension of the movement was being studied. The
feasibility of applying seismological methods to the detection of tremors which may
precede the final rupture of the ground, in similar circumstances, is under consideration
at the present time.
The development-work done in 1943 included 10,880 feet of drifting and cross-
cutting, 16,721 feet of raising, and 282 feet of sinking. A total of 12,371 feet of
diamond-drilling was done. The new hoisting-shaft was completed from the 3,350-foot
to the 3,900-foot level, above which it was raised 416 feet, this leaving 323 feet to be
driven to the surface. The 3,902 conveyer-belt incline was completed, as far as
excavating is concerned, and the installation of the transporting machinery has now-
begun. A 10,000-ton ore-pocket has been cut at the upper end of the incline, above
the 3,900-foot level.
There was no change of any importance in the methods of mining followed, beyond
an increased use of diamond-drilling in sub-level work. Preparation of the ground for
blasting, in stoping, and development-work involved the drilling of 1,590,505 feet of
holes, this being divided as follows according to the equipment used: Conventional
steel, 852,136 feet; detachable bits, 655,716 feet; diamond-drill, 82,653 feet—the last-
mentioned representing 5.2 per cent, of the whole.
A total of 776,398 cubic yards of back-filling was placed in the period under consideration. Of this, 8,698 cubic yards was mine waste, stowed in the course of development-work; 329,000 was the result of caving; 364,300 was handled by tractors; and
74,400 was loaded with a power-shovel and transported by trucks to the heads of the PROGRESS NOTES. A 75
raises. The usual equipment—five R-D 8 tractor units, with three blades, two carryalls,
and a rooter—was in use throughout the summer months, and was increased in September by a 6 % -cubic-yard Bucyrus-Erie electric shovel and five 150-horse-power Euclid
bottom-dump trucks which operated on a 2-mile return haul. To assure an adequate
supply of water for this work, a dam and a pumping-station were built on a small
creek and a welded 6-inch pipe-line, 6,000 feet long, was laid on the surface from that
point to the site of the present filling operations.
An addition to the office and dry-room building, at the portal of the 3,900-foot
level, was started but had not been completed at the end of the year. The construction
of twenty-five new houses was completed in the Ritchie residential quarter, and these
were sold on the company's loan scheme, while thirty other houses were built on the
Happy Valley townsite.
In December there was a total of 1,622 persons on the pay-roll, of which 860 were
employed underground, 395 at the concentrator, and 367 in various other capacities on
the surface.    A total of 2,500,714 tons of ore was milled in 1943.
WINDERMERE AREA.
Paradise Mine, (50° 116° S.E.) Manager, H. Doelle. Some exploratory work was
Sheep Creek Gold undertaken on the 7,800-foot level of the Paradise mine, 18 miles by
Mines, Ltd. road from Invermere, in the months of August and September, 1943.
A part of the level was cleaned up and some diamond-drilling was done with the object
of ascertaining the importance of an ore-body situated at a comparatively short distance
from the portal. A crew of ten men, including four drillers, was employed under the
direction of G. R. Griffith.
GOLDEN AREA.
(51° 116° S.E.)    Company office, 350 Bay Street, Toronto, Ont.; mine
M n rch   nd    omce> Field, B.C.;  J. H. C. Waite, President;   G. C. Ames, Secretary-
Kicking Horse    Treasurer;   Alexander G. Ballachey, Manager;   H. D. Forman, Mine
Mines, Base      Superintendent;  John Vallance, Mill Superintendent.   Capital:  3,000,-
Metals Mining    Q00 shares, no par value;   issued, 2,330,714.    The Monarch mine, on
Corporation, Ltd. Mount Stephen, south of the Kicking Horse River, and the Kicking
Horse mine, on Mount Field, north of the river, are operated by this
company.    Practically all production was obtained from the Kicking Horse during the
greater part of 1943.
The scarcity of labour and the various other difficulties besetting the mining
industry almost everywhere made their influence felt here also, and the mill was operated at less than its normal capacity throughout the year. In May, work was suspended
at the Monarch and all men available were employed at the Kicking Horse, but, despite
this concentration on one objective, their number was still inadequate to maintain
development-work sufficiently far ahead of extraction and, at the beginning of the
winter season, another migration took place, in the reverse direction, in order to secure
an output from the Monarch while drifts were being extended on the other side of the
valley.
No development-work of any kind was done in the Monarch during 1943. In the
West section the work now carried on is limited to the recovery of portions of the
ore-body left behind in the course of former operations and, on the East side, two small
lenses of ore at the inner end of the section are being extracted.
In the Kicking Horse a short slope, 73% feet in length, was sunk in order to bring
a drift below one of the ore-bodies. The remainder of the development-work done
included 390 feet of drifting, 204 feet of raising, and 1,429 feet of diamond-drilling.
During 1943, a total of 61,770 tons of ore was milled. This yielded 3,731,081 lb. of lead,
6,350,377 lb. of zinc, and 19,133 oz. of silver. A 76 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
In December, there was a total of eighty-nine persons on the pay-roll, of whom
forty were working underground (i.e., twenty-one at the Kicking Horse and nineteen
in the Monarch), thirteen were employed at the concentrator, and thirty-six in various
other capacities on the surface.
On January 2nd, 1944, the power plant at the Monarch was destroyed by fire. This
will mean a serious decrease of activity for some time to come, for the plant was the
sole source of electricity and compressed-air for the entire operation. It is understood
that an effort will be made to continue development-work at the Kicking Horse with
the help of portable compressors until the machinery in the main plant has been put
into serviceable condition again.
MERCURY DEPOSITS.
FORT ST. JAMES AREA.
Pinchi Lake.
(54° 124° N.E.)     P. T. Bloomer, Superintendent.    Active development
Pinchi Lake     continued during 1943, consisting of 4,477 feet of drifting, 4,100 feet of
Mercury Mine,   raising, 196 feet of sinking, and 46,641 feet of development diamond-
CoiMolidated     drilling.    The mine was worked for 363 days and produced 337,400
Smelting Co. of ^ons °^ cinnaDar ore.    The glory-hole continued to supply a large
Canada, Ltd.     portion of the tonnage.    A new section, the West zone, was opened
during the year and stoping is now being carried on in that area.
Development is continuing in No. 6 level, the lowest, off No. 2 shaft.    Stoping is being
carried on in the upper levels, and pillars have been drawn in the outer section of
the 500 level.    Diamond-drilling is being used to some extent in drilling of long-holes
for blasting in pillars.
Preparations are being made for the sinking of the main shaft from the 500 level.
The main hoist, which is located on the surface above the portal to No. 4 level, has
been installed. The shaft will be raised from the 500 level up to the hoist-opening.
Changes were made in the crushing section of the mill which, with the addition
of a cyclone dust-extractor, has considerably improved the dust conditions. The general
precautions taken to protect employees from the hazards of mercurial poisoning appear
to be adequate. No cases of mercurial poisoning have been reported since March, 1941.
The average number of men employed was 446.
Most of the construction-work around the camp has been completed.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 5, 1940.]
TAKLA LAKE AREA.
Silver Creek.
(55° 125° N.E.) Considerable diamond-drilling and prospecting were done by the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, in this area, on
mercury deposits.
(55° 125° N.E.)    C. Cleveland, Superintendent.    This is a new prop-
Takla Mercury   erty under development by the Bralorne Mines, Limited, and is located
Mine, Bralorne   near the headwaters of Silver Creek.    It is near the summit of the
Mines, Ltd.      divide between the Omineca River and Nation River watersheds, at an
elevation of about 3,500 feet.    A small two-compartment shaft has
been sunk to 175 feet and a level was driven from it at 135 feet.    The level was driven
to intersect the vein and drifting has been carried on along the vein.    During 1943
a total of 1,146 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 101 feet of raising, and 5,601 feet of
diamond-drilling was done. PROGRESS NOTES. A 77
The shaft-hoist is a single-drum equipped with an auxiliary brake.
A treatment plant, consisting of a rotary kiln, 50-ton capacity, has been installed
and is in operation. The mine was worked every day during 1943, principally on
development and construction work. The average number of men employed was fifty-
four.    A total of 556 tons of cinnabar ore was mined.
A new road has been built from Silver Lake to the mine, a distance of about
13 miles. There is plane service to the mine from Fort St. James to Silver Lake.
Heavy freight was taken in by boat to Takla Landing and from there by truck.
Passenger, mail, and express service is by plane.
RELAY CREEK AREA.
(51° 122° S.W.)     At this company's Relay Creek prospect work con-
Relay Creek Pros- tinued on the crosscut which was collared in 1942.    Commencing at
pect, Bralorne    322 feet in from the portal, a zone, 22 feet wide, of silicified and
Mines, Ltd.      carbonated serpentine was intersected.   After some slashing was done
in this zone the crosscut was extended another 280 feet to its present
face.    Drifts were then driven 21 feet to the east and 35 feet to the west on the
silicified zone.    This work did not expose any mineralization of sufficiently high tenor
to warrant further work of a similar nature.
A diamond-drilling programme was then started on May 17th. One hole from
the face of the crosscut intersected a conglomerate band at 110 to 118 feet, and the
core across the 8 feet gave slight indication of cinnabar mineralization. Two other
holes drilled from the same vicinity failed to confirm the results of the first hole.
Altogether, six holes were drilled through the carbonate zone. Some fair mercury
assays were obtained but no worth-while ore-bodies were outlined. Surface-stripping
was done in conjunction with the drilling programme, but although some spectacular
float samples were found no continuous shoots of ore were uncovered. Operations were
stopped on September 20th and all the equipment had been dismantled and returned to
Bralorne by December 5th.
Tyaughton Creek Prospect, Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd.— (51° 122° S.W.) During
June, July, August, and September, 1943, Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Limited,
employed from two to six men trenching and stripping on a cinnabar prospect located
on the south side of Tyaughton Creek, about 2 miles up-stream from the mouth of
Relay Creek. This occurrence had been discovered during the latter part of 1942 by
H. H. Heustis, who was prospecting for the company.
MOLYBDENUM DEPOSITS.
SALMO AREA.
(49°  117°  S.E.)    This property, on Lost Creek,  is owned by the
Molly. Consolidated   Mining   and   Smelting   Company   of   Canada,   Limited.
It was operated until February, 1943, with a crew of about six men.
A small tonnage of molybdenum ore was mined with hand-steel but it was not shipped.
Development-work included 23 feet of drifting, 4 feet of crosscutting, and 16 feet of
raising.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 9, 1940.] A 78 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
TUNGSTEN DEPOSITS.
HAZELTON AREA.
(55°  127°  S.W.)     R.  J.  Armstrong,  Superintendent.    The property
Red Rose Mine   ceased operations at the end of October, 1943.    During the period of
Consolidated '  operation in 1943 a total of 17,884 tons of ore was mined and milled.
Mining and      Active development had been continued up to the end of September.
Smelting Co. of    Work done in 1943 included 469 feet of crosscutting, 467 feet of drift-
ana a,   t .     m^ and gg.- feet o£ raising-.    All ore was cleaned out of the stopes
and was milled, except for a little low-grade left in the 650 stope.   All
openings to the mine were sealed off and the aerial tram-line slackened off.    All plant
and equipment has been left in place in care of two watchmen.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
CARIBOO AREA.
(52°   121°   N.E.)    This  group of claims  located in the vicinity of
Cariboo Upper Cunningham Creek, south of Barkerville, belongs to J. Wendle
Thompson Group, and W. Thompson, of Barkerville, and their associates.    During 1943
Mr. Thompson did open-cutting and stripping of overburden to expose
further the interesting quartz-scheelite veins on Copper Creek where it crosses the
Cariboo Hudson road.
(53° 121° S.E.)    The presence of a notable amount of scheelite in the
Claims of       placer sands of California Gulch led Mr. Dowsett to seek for lode tung-
E. S. Dowsett.   sten in that vicinity.    He discovered one interesting occurrence a short
distance south of the gulch and was engaged in stripping it when the
demand for tungsten ceased.    His claims are about 6 miles, air-line, south-east of
Barkerville.
BRIDGE RIVER AREA.
(51° 122° S.W.)    All the ore in sight at this group had been extracted
Tungsten King   and delivered to the Bralorne mill for treatment by the time the
Group. Government order cancelling the purchase of scheelite concentrates
was issued.    From the ore mined and milled several tons of concentrates, assaying 72 per cent. W03, or better, were shipped.    The property is on the east
side of Tyaughton Creek, about 2 miles south of the old Manitou mine.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
Tungsten Queen Group.— (51° 122° S.W.) From this group of claims, which adjoins
the Tungsten King on its south boundary, small shipments of scheelite ore were made
at irregular intervals to the Bralorne scheelite plant. Much of this ore was obtained
by sorting material previously thrown on the waste dump.
LARDEAU AREA.
Beaton-Camborne.
United Victory.— (50° 117° N.W.) An option on this property, about 12 miles from
Beaton, was taken by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited. The showings were carefully sampled and the favourable contacts were
prospected but no development-work was done. The option was dropped in November
1943.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.] PROGRESS NOTES. A 79
TROUT LAKE AREA.
(50° 117° N.W.)    This property on Wilkie Creek, about 4 miles from
Lucky Boy.      Trout Lake, is under option to J. M. Tillen and associates, of Trout
Lake.    Early in 1943 a few tons of scheelite ore was hand-cobbed and
sorted from the dumps.    This was shipped to Ottawa for treatment.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 10,1943.]
GRAND FORKS AREA.
(49°  118°  S.E.)    This property is on the Granby River,  14 miles
Wyoming.       north of Grand Forks and near Miller Creek.    It was optioned by the
Consolidated   Mining   and   Smelting   Company   of   Canada,   Limited.
The work done included detailed prospecting for scheelite and some 300 lineal feet of
trenching.    The option was dropped in June, 1943.
ROSSLAND AREA.
(49°  117°  S.W.)    This property is on the west side of Big Sheep
Santa Rosa.      Creek, 1 mile south of the main Cascade Highway.    It was held under
option by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited.    During the summer of 1943 the property was prospected and 75 lineal feet
of trenching done.    The option was dropped in July.
(49° 117° S.W.) This property on Stoney Creek, about 3 miles from
Blue Eyes. Rossland, was optioned in 1943 by the Bayonne Consolidated Mines,
Limited. Twelve men were employed under the direction of J. A.
Hanna, of Rossland. A small complete portable mining plant was put on the property
and several hundred feet of underground workings were driven. Results were understood to have been unsatisfactory and the" option was dropped in June and all the
equipment removed.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
SALMO AREA.
(49° 117° S.E.) This property is on Iron Mountain, about 9 miles
Emerald. from Salmo. Work was done on the property for the greater part of
1943 by the Wartime Metals Corporation, 637 Craig Street West,
Montreal, under the management of E. E. Mason. The mill was constructed by the
Emerald Construction Company, subsidiary of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited, under the management of J. G. Page. During the construction period a crew of 250 men was employed, but this was reduced to 160 after
the property was brought into operation. At the mine a camp to accommodate 120
men, including three duplex cottages, was completed. A complete mining plant, including power-house, blacksmith-shop, and powder-house was completed, and a tram-line
from the mine to the mill, with a primary crushing plant at the upper terminal installed.
At the mill-site, in addition to the mill, a bunk-house to accommodate about thirty men
and a well-equipped assay office were provided. No figures are available as to the
amount of development-work done during the year or the tonnage mined and treated.
The mill, completed in June, was put into operation on August 1st, at the rate of about
200 tons per day; and was closed on September 10th, on instructions from the Wartime
Metals Corporation. It is understood that a commercial grade of scheelite concentrate
was produced at a very low cost. All equipment and supplies were left at the property
in charge of a watchman.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
CIA.     UBRARf
PROVlN
VICTORIA, B. C. A 80 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(49° 117° S.E.)     This property is on Nevada Mountain and lies about
Jumbo. 2 miles east of the Emerald.    It was operated under option by the
Kelowna Exploration  Company,  Limited.    Five men were  employed
under  the  direction  of A.  Lakes,  of  Nelson.    Considerable  surface  trenching  and
stripping was done.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
(49° 117° S.E.)    This property is on Lost Creek, about 2 miles from
Clubine the Nelson-Nelway Highway.    It was optioned by the Consolidated
Tungsten.       Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.    Six men were
employed  under  the  direction  of  C.   A.   Munro.    Development-work
included 61 feet of diamond-drilling, 675 lineal feet of surface-trenching, and 15,000
square feet of brush-clearing.    In addition to this, a trail 4,180 feet long was constructed.    The option was dropped later in 1943.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
(49° 117° S.E.)    These properties, adjoining the Clubine Tungsten,
Comet and Den  were operated by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Groups. Canada, Limited.    On the Comet group 616 feet of surface-trenching
and some clearing and trail construction were done. An option is still
held on this group. On the Den group, which was staked by the Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, development included 99 feet of surface-
trenching and 5,000 feet of clearing.
(49° 117° S.E.)    This property is on Sheep Creek, about 8 miles from
Little Keen.      Salmo.    During 1943 an option was taken by the Consolidated Mining
and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.   Development-work included
382 feet of surface-trenching and 25,000 square feet of clearing brush.    Five men were
employed under the direction of H. Lakes.    The option was dropped in September.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
YMIR AREA.
(49°  117°  S.E.)     This property is on Stewart Creek, about 3 miles
Stewart Creek    from the Nelson-Nelway Highway.    It was optioned by the Consoli-
Group. dated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, for a short
time this year.    The trail was cleaned out, the showing sampled, and
a mill test run on the ore, but no further work done.    The option was dropped in July,
1943.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
NELSON AREA.
(49° 117° S.E.)    These properties on Hall Creek, .about 5 miles from
Golden Eagle and the Nelson-Nelway Highway, are owned by W. Rozan, of Nelson, and
T.S. Group.      associates.    During the summer of 1943 two men were engaged in
doing a small amount of stripping and surface work by hand methods.
The property contains several narrow quartz veins on which some work had been
done many years ago for their gold content.
KASLO AREA.
V Mineral Claim.—(49° 116° N.W.) This property lies on the outskirts of Kaslo.
The owner, A. G. Pearson, of Kaslo, discovered scheelite in the material from an old well
and cleaned this out for further examination and sampling. The sand and gravel did
not contain sufficient scheelite to be of value. PROGRESS NOTES. A 81
LUMBERTON AREA.
Moyie River Tungsten.—(49° 115° S.W.) This property on the Moyie River, just
west of Lumberton, was staked by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited. An old shaft about 90 feet deep, sunk by the Moyie River Development Company, was unwatered and sampled for scheelite. The results were not
encouraging.
PLACER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
ATLIN AREA.
Spruce Creek.
There has been a large decrease in production during 1943. All the large surface
operations were unable to get men and did not operate.
Dream, Shamrock, and New Year Leases, Columbia Development, Ltd.— (59° 133" N.W.)
J. H. Eastman, Managing Director. Capital: 50,000 shares, $1 par; issued, 50,000.
This is an underground operation working on the Dream, Shamrock, and New Year
leases, on a lay from J. W. Noland. Due to shortage of labour, only one shift is working
and even that is not at full strength.
There has been no change in the method of mining as outlined in previous reports.
General conditions were satisfactory.
Several small lay operations, employing from one to three men, carried on during
1943.
Very little was done on any of the other creeks in the district during 1943.
DEASE LAKE AREA.
No activity was reported in this area in 1943.
MANSON CREEK AREA.
All the hydraulic operations have been closed for the duration. A few men are
engaged on various creeks in sniping or ground-sluicing.
CARIBOO AREA.
During 1943, severe labour shortage and a reduction in water-supply seriously
affected the placer operations. The number of employees was probably not more than
half that of the previous year.
Willow River Watershed.
(53° 121° S.W.)    A. H. Lea, superintendent of this operation for many
Lowhee Mining  years, was absent on active duty in the United States Navy and
Co., Ltd.       J. House was in charge during the 1943 season.    A crew averaging
seven men was employed on a staggered nine-hour shift.    Mr. House
estimated that about 150,000 yards were washed during the season.    The value per
yard was lower than it was farther down the gulch.    As the face of the pit is now very
close to the dam between Lowhee Gulch and Grub Gulch, it will be necessary to remove
this dam before the pit can be advanced.    The tailings problem of previous years was
overcome by providing settling reservoirs for the solids in the tailings.    Thus the
water entering Jack of Clubs Lake is now almost devoid of silt, and there should be no
further blocking of the mouth of the Willow River. A 82 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(53° 121° S.W.) This hydraulic placer property is on Larsen Gulch
Rouchon Creek   and is owned and operated by T. Fry, who employed two men during
Placers. the 1943 season. The actual gold-washing operation was confined to
a few weeks during which time an appreciable amount of gold was
recovered from an unestimated yardage of gravel. The ditch-line and the heaving
ground below the sluice-boxes and tailings flume occupied the remainder of the time.
Lease of C. Risberg.— (53° 121° S.W.) C. Risberg reports a small recovery of gold
from this summer's operation.
Lease of Dr. Hougen.—.(53° 121° S.W.) P. McColm, layman, continued to operate
a small plant on this lease.
J. Powell Estate Lease.—(53° 121° S.W.) M. Bastin and J. Chouse, laymen, continued operating this lease on Coulter Creek. They did fairly well, working a new
pit which they started in 1942.
Red Gulch Placers.— (53° 121° S.W.) J. J. Gunn continued a one-man piping operation at this property, working on a lay from the Lowhee Mining Company, Limited.
Lease of E. Rask.— (53° 121° S.W.) This lease is on Devils Canyon Creek, about
5 miles west of Wells.    Mr. Rask did a small amount of piping to open up a small pit.
Lease of J. C. Dyer.—(53° 121° S.W.) At this lease on Big Valley Creek Mr. Dyer
worked alone on a drift and sluice operation.
Williams Creek Watershed.
Stouts Gulch.— (53° 121° S.W.) Working on a lay from the Lowhee Mining Company, Limited, R. Sehl operated a small hydraulic plant on Stouts Gulch. He made an
appreciable gold recovery from portions of the rim of the old channel which had been
left by the previous operators.
Mink Gulch.— (53° 121° S.E.) W. H. Savery, of Seattle, employed two men on
a clean-up basis, on his lease on this gulch.    He operated a small hydraulic plant.
Walker Gulch.— (53° 121° S.W.) Ernest Hansen, layman, used a No. 1 monitor on
fairly deep gravels during the three weeks that water was available to him. He spent
the remainder of the season sniping.
McArthur Gulch.— (53° 121° S.W.) K. Johannson continued to operate his small
hydraulic plant by the Wells-Barkerville Road.
Little Valley Creek.— (53° 121° S.E.) G. Halverson, lessee, operated a one-man
hydraulic operation.
J. T. A. Fleury, lessee, also worked alone on his sluicing operation.
J. J. Curtis Operation.— (53° 121° S.W.) Backed by the Van Bibber interests, J. J.
Curtis began to open a pit on the east side of Williams Creek, a short distance downstream from Barkerville. The work had to be suspended pending the clearing-up of
difficulties in connection with the water rights.
Antler Creek Watershed.
(53°  121°  S.E.)    W. Moore continued to hydraulic shallow gravels
Waverly Placers, on Grouse Creek, just above the point at which it is crossed by the
Cariboo Hudson road.    Two men worked with him on a percentage
basis.    A  very  satisfactory  recovery  is  reported.    This  was  the most  important
operation on the Antler Creek watershed this year.
Nugget Gulch Placers.— (52° 121° N.E.) N. M. Hansen worked alone this year on
the ground on Nugget Gulch leased by himself and C. Fuller, of Quesnel. The work
was confined to development.
Stevens Gulch.— (53° 121° S.E.) W. F. Poquette worked for a short time on his
lease, but at midsummer the plant was offered for sale. PROGRESS NOTES. A 83
California Gulch.— (53° 121° S.E.) C. Peterson did some spasmodic piping on his
lease and spent some time prospecting for scheelite, which was found in some quantity
in his concentrates.
Eight-mile Lake.— (53° 121° S.W.) M. A. Anderson, lessee, reported doing a little
work at his hydraulic operation. According to his figures, the value per yard of gravel
washed is very high.
Shepherd Creek.— (53° 121° S.W.) R. D. Reese piped intermittently on his lease at
the head of Shepherd Creek.
Pinus Creek.— (53° 122° N.E.) J. Doody, lessee, continued development-work on
his ground and reported the removal of about 550 yards this season in piping
operations.
Lease of A. Holm.— (53° 121° S.E.) A. Holm and one partner worked a sluicing
operation on Antler Creek and reported a satisfactory recovery.
Lease of C. Bindschedlar.— (53° 121° S.E.) This is a one-man sluicing operation
located about 3 miles from the mouth of Antler Creek.
Cunningham Creek.
Lease of Wm. Beamish.— (52° 121° N.E.)    Work was confined to ground-sluicing.
Lease of D. Jorgeson.— (52° 121° N.E.) D. Jorgeson was also piping on the east
side of Cunningham Creek, a short distance above the old Cariboo Hudson base camp.
He opened a small pit.
Lightning Creek Watershed.
(53° 121° S.W.)    This company restricted its activities in 1943 to
B. and K. the pit at Dunbar Flats which it opened up in 1942. The face of
Placers, Ltd. the pit is now about 300 yards up-stream from the pit on Amador
Creek. The channel is on a 21/2-per-cent. grade, which should take it
to the Eldorado tunnel. The channel is about 120 feet wide and the left side was
drifted for a width of 60 to 80 feet in the 1870's. Near the left rim, where the gravel
is very shallow and the clay cap was too hard to remove, the present work has revealed
that 2-foot posts were used under 8-foot caps. Apparently this side of the channel
was richer than the right side. The ground is from 40 to 80 feet deep and consists
chiefly of boulder-clay overlying from 2 to 10 feet of glacial and Tertiary (?) gravels.
R. E. McDougall, part owner, supervised the operation. His crew averaged five
men and he used a No. 2 and No. 4 monitor under a 100-foot pressure-head. Two shifts
were worked daily from April 15th to August 15th when the water was good. From
then until the end of the season there was only enough water for one shift. Where it
was too difficult to undercut the banks with the monitors, some bank blasting was done
with good results.    It is estimated that about 50,000 yards were removed.
Butchers Bench.— (53° 121° S.W.) I. I. Felker continued to work on this bench and
reports a very satisfactory season. He worked a small hydraulic plant and was alone
for most of the season.
Ennerdale Placers.— (53° 121° S.W.) It is reported that J. Hind and partner continued operating their hydraulic plant at this ground on Grub Gulch and that they
removed a small yardage.
Slade Placers, Ltd.— (53° 121° S.W.) This operation on Mostique Creek continued
under the supervision of Mrs. Caldwell. It is understood that it will be permitted to
operate by its backers, provided it can meet expenses. Four men were employed on
the average and about 25,000 yards were piped.
Cottonwood River Watershed.
Lease of M. Murlock.— (53° 122° S.E.) Mr. Murlock reports sluicing about 300 yards
on this lease on a small tributary of Mary Creek. A 84 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Lease of H. D. Wagner.— (52° 121° N.W.) Two boom-gates were operated at this
property on McMartin Creek during the early part of 1943.
Fraser River.
Lease of F. DeLong.— (53° 122° S.W.) This lease is located on the down-stream side
of the old Tertiary mine. Drifting operations were continued by DeLong and Hulatt
and it is reported that a total of about 1,600 yards of gravel from the drift was sluiced.
Quesnel River Watershed.
(52° 121° N.W.)    This company operates a placer operation on Cedar
Cariboo North-   Creek, near the old rich diggings.    Under the supervision of A. von
lands Mining     Alvensleben,   about   six   men   were   employed.    A   steam-shovel   of
Co., Ltd. %-yard capacity was used to load the clayey gravels on trucks, which
carried them to a washing plant at the edge of a steep high gulch to
which water was available on grade from Cedar Creek. This is a temporary expedient,
pending such time as more suitable equipment is available.
It is understood that the present work is being done to provide a sluice-box channel
to tested ground lying ahead of the shovel location.
Operation of Ashby and Speers.— (52° 121° N.E.) A little work, chiefly maintenance,
was done at this operation on the south bank of the North Fork of Quesnel River, near
the mouth of Spanish Creek. The repeated damming of the water-supply by beavers
proved very troublesome.
F. W. Smith.— (52° 121° N.E.) F. W. Smith erected buildings, repaired the pipeline, and sank test-pits in the bench above the old Ruby pit of the old operation at the
mouth of Spanish Creek.
Lease of J. Hasbrouk.— (52° 121° N.E.) Messrs. Hasbrouk and Wagner continued
piping at their placer operation about 12 miles up-stream from Keithley. The work
was reportedly not as successful as in previous seasons.
Burrard Placers, Ltd.— (52° 121° N.E.) This operation was closed down, but it is
understood that some necessary maintenance-work was done.
Lease of Asserlind and Johnson.— (52° 121° N.E.) At this property on Weaver Creek
a No. 1 monitor, under a 100-foot head, and a boom-gate were used. There was good
water for three months till about the end of August. This operation is thought to be
on the old high channel of Keithley Creek. There are about 25 feet of gold-bearing
gravels covered by about 50 feet of clay.
McGregor and Tait.— (52° 121° N.E.) Messrs. A. E. McGregor and C. Tait were
operating adjoining ground at the Keithley River Falls, approximately 8 miles from
the river's mouth. Both parties used boom-gates and reportedly moved considerable
ground, working from early spring until late fall.
Cameron and Harris.— (52° 121° N.E.) C. R. Cameron and F. Harris continued to
work their drift operation at the mouth of Goose Creek which empties into Cariboo
Lake. They went through rim-rock to an old channel, but at a point where it had been
worked out. They then started a rim-rock tunnel to cut the channel above the old
workings.
Olsen.— (52° 121° N.E.) W. Olsen did some drifting in search of a reported
remnant of the old Keithley Channel, about a mile above Keithley.
Chester.— (52° 121° N.E.) G. Chester did some ground-sluicing on Four-mile
Creek up-stream from the old China pit of Placer Engineers. PROGRESS NOTES. A 85
LILLOOET AREA.
Bridge River Watershed.
(50° 122° N.E.)    This company operates a small placer property on
Principia Placers, the west bank of Bridge River, opposite the mouth of Antoine Creek
Ltd. and about 20 miles from the town of Lillooet.   Access to the property
is by a suspension bridge, 236 feet long and 3% feet wide, connected
by short trail to the Moha road.    This bridge was built when the venture was started
in 1942.
Water is carried across the river on this bridge from Antoine Creek. A small
monitor is used for washing, and a high-line operated by a gasoline double-drum hoist
is used to remove large boulders. At the time of inspection, in the summer of 1943,
about 1,000 yards of material had been removed from the pit. From two to five men
are employed, depending on the availability of local labour, which is chiefly obtained
from the Indian population.
Lease of W. Haylmore.—(50° 122° N.E.) At this property on the Hurley River,
at Gold Bridge, W. Haylmore continued to advance his long exploratory gravel cut.
Lease of C. Wihksne.—(50° 122° N.E.) It is reported that C. Wihksne did some
work on his placer lease at Gold Bridge. It was not visited and the nature of the work
is not known.
PRINCETON AREA.
There was no reported activity in placer-gold deposits during 1943.
CLAY AND SHALE.
NEW WESTMINSTER AREA.
(49° 121° S.W.)    Company office, 850 Hastings Street West, Vancou-
Clayburn Co.,    ver, B.C.; W. C. Cummings, Secretary-Treasurer; J. W. Ball, Manager.
Ltd. The mines and plant of this company are at Kilgard, about 50 miles
east of Vancouver. The method of operating the clay deposits is by
room and pillar, similar to that adopted in coal mines. An average of thirteen men is
employed underground. The production for 1943 amounted to: Fireclay from Kilgard mine, 18,520 tons; No. 4B mine, 1,585 tons; No. 9 mine, 1,490 tons; and shale
from quarry, 295 tons;  total production, 21,890 tons.
GABRIOLA ISLAND AREA.
Gabriola Shale Products Quarry did not operate during 1943.
GYPSUM.
FALKLAND AREA.
(50° 119° N.W.)    Head office, Paris, Ontario;  British Columbia office,
Gypsum, Lime   509 Richards Street, Vancouver;  British Columbia Manager, N. Jessi-
and Alabastine,   man, Vancouver; Quarry Superintendent, A. Jessiman, Falkland.   Capi-
Canada, Ltd.     tal, 500,000 shares, no par value;  issued, 440,043.   This company again
confined its Falkland operation to the No. 2 and No. 5 quarries, 40 A 86 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
miles south of Kamloops, near the Kamloops-Vernon Highway. Gypsum is shipped
via the Canadian National Railways to the calcining and board mill at Port Mann, B.C.
The quarries operated are 500 to 600 feet higher than the railway-bunkers, to which
the gypsum is transported by trucks.
The gypsum is mined in open quarries advancing into the side of the hill on which
the overburden is thin. As the walls rise to a considerable height above the quarry-
floors, it is necessary, for the protection of workmen, to keep the walls at a safe angle
of inclination, and well barred down. The drilling is done by jack-hammers operated
by compressed-air.    A crew of eleven men was employed.
LIMESTONE.
KOEYE RIVER AREA.
The Koeye Limestone Co.— (51° 127° N.W.) P. Christensen, Manager. The quarries
are located on Koeye River, about 7 miles from Namu. They were worked for 329 days
during 1943 and produced 16,920 tons of limestone. The entire output is taken by the
Pacific Paper Mills at Ocean Falls.
GRAND FORKS AREA.
Fife Limestone Quarry, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.— (49° 118°
S.E.) This company owns and operates the Fife Limestone Quarry near Christina
Lake. A crew of from ten to eighteen men was employed during the summer months
under the direction of G. E. Clayton, of Trail. Development-work including 308 feet
of drifting, 348 feet of crosscutting, 365 feet of raising, 9,858 cubic feet of slashing,
and 560 cubic yards of surface-stripping was done in order to open up a new pit. A new
ore-bin was built on a spur from the main line of the Kettle Valley Railroad to do away
with the surface tram which was necessary in the old location. During the season lime
rock amounting to 17,700 tons was mined and shipped to Trail to be used as a flux in
the smelter.
TEXADA ISLAND.
Pacific Lime Co.—(49° 124° N.W.) C. Williams, Manager. Capital: 5,000 preferred, $100 par, 10,000 common, $100 par; issued, 2,500 preferred, 7,500 common.
Only one quarry is operated by this company at present, at Blubber Bay. The plant
produces quicklime, hydrated lime, and other limestone products and has worked to
capacity during the year.    About twenty-seven men are employed in the quarry.
Texada Quarry, B.C. Cement Co.— (49° 124° N.W.) The company operates a limestone
quarry on the opposite shore of Blubber Bay from the Pacific Lime Company. The
limestone is shipped to the Bamberton plant. Several additions have been made to the
plant during 1943. R. Hamilton is in charge of operations. The number of employees
is twenty-one.
Van Anda Quarries.— (49° 124° N.W.) Operated by Beale Quarries, Limited. This
quarry has been greatly extended during the year and a new crushing plant has been
installed for producing agricultural lime. Steady shipments of lime are made to the
United States and British Columbia industries. W. D. Webster is in charge of operations.    Around thirty men are employed.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Bamberton, B.C. Cement Co.— (48° 123° N.W.) Company office, corner of Fort and
Wrharf Streets, Victoria, B.C.    Capital:   15,995 "A" preferred, $100 par;   15,995 "B " PROGRESS NOTES. A 87
preferred, $100 par; 10 common, $100 par; issued, 32,000. This company operates
quarries at Bamberton and Texada Island and a cement plant at Bamberton. At
Bamberton the total crew employed in the cement plant and quarry averages 117.
SILICA.
GRAND FORKS AREA.
Bailey Silica, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.— (49° 118° S.E.) This
property, 3 miles south of Grand Forks, is owned by the Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited. The material mined is almost pure silica and
is used as a flux in the smelting operations at Trail. A crew averaging seven men was
employed under the direction of G. E. Clayton, of Trail. To date all material has been
recovered from a large talus slope by shovelling with a gas-shovel into trucks which
haul it to the railroad at Grand Forks. A small Diesel-driven compressor has been
installed and operates drills which are used to plug and break up the large boulders.
During 1943 a total of 37,340 tons was mined and shipped to Trail.
STONE, SAND, AND GRAVEL.
VANCOUVER AREA.
North Vancouver.
Deeks Sand and Gravel, Ltd.—(49° 123° S.E.) Company office, 101 First Avenue,
Vancouver, B.C.; H. S. Armstrong, Secretary; T. O. Burgess, Superintendent. Six to
eight men are employed.
Cascade Rock and Gravel Co.— (49° 123° S.E.) Company office, 470 Granville Street,
Vancouver, B.C. This company operates the sand and gravel pits formerly belonging
to the Highland Sand and Gravel Company.    About twelve men are employed.
NEW WESTMINSTER AREA.
Gilley Bros. Quarry.— (49° 122° S.W.) A granite quarry is operated at Silver Valley,
Pitt River, the stone being used for construction-work.   Over twenty men are employed.
Ma.y!.ill Sand and Gravel Quarry.— (49° 122° S.W.) This quarry is operated by Gilley
Bros, on the Fraser River bank, about 3 miles from Coquitlam. About twenty-two
men are employed regularly.
NELSON ISLAND.
Vancouver Granite Co.— (49° 124° S.E.) Capital: 2,500 shares, $10 par; issued,
2,016. This company operates a dimension stone granite quarry on Nelson Island
when there is a demand for stone.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Cassidy Gravel-pit.— (49° 123° S.W.) A. Galloway, Foreman. This quarry is located
in the Cassidy area, convenient to the main Island Highway, and is operated by the
Public Works Department to obtain material for highway construction and repairs as
required. A crew of from three to five men has been engaged during 1943 as occasion
demanded. A 88 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
COAL MINES.
BY
James Dickson.
The Province is divided into six Inspection Districts, as follows:—
Inspection District. Mining Divisions in Districts.
Coast Alberni, Nanaimo, Victoria, Vancouver, and New Westminster.
Northern Interior Lillooet, Ashcroft, Clinton,  Quesnel,
Cariboo, and Peace River.
Interior Similkameen, Osoyoos, Nicola, Vernon,
and Kamloops.
East Kootenay and Boundary__.__Greenwood,    Trail    Creek,    Nelson,
Slocan, Ainsworth, Lardeau, Revelstoke, Fort Steele, and Golden.
Northern Atlin, Stikine, Portland Canal, Skeena,
and Omineca.
The Inspectors inspect the coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their
respective districts.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials.
James Dickson Chairman, Victoria.
James Strang Secretary, Victoria.
H. E. Miard Member, Fernie.
Messrs. Strang and Miard and the Inspector of Mines of the district in which an
examination is being held form the Board for granting certificates of competency to
coal-miners.
An Inspector of Mines is empowered to grant provisional certificates to miners for
a period not exceeding sixty days between regular examinations.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations.
Richard Nichol__„_ Nanaimo Station.
James L. Brown Cumberland Station.
Alfred Gould Princeton Station.
Joseph J. Haile Fernie Station.
The District Inspectors of Mines have their headquarters in the different mining
areas as follows: John MacDonald, Nanaimo; James Strang, Victoria; Robert B.
Bonar, Cumberland; James A. Mitchell, Lillooet; E. R. Hughes, Princeton; Hamilton
C. Hughes, Nelson; H. E. Miard, Fernie;  and Charles Graham, Prince Rupert.
PRODUCTION.
The total tonnage produced by the coal mines of the Province for the year 1943
was 1,821,654, being a decrease of 116,504 tons or 6.01 per cent, from 1942.
The Coast District, which includes Vancouver Island, Nicola-Princeton, and Northern Districts, produced 894,172 tons, an increase of 3,727 tons over 1942.
Vancouver Island Collieries produced 729,989 tons, a decrease of 8,611 tons or 1.16
per cent, from 1942.
The Northern District produced 18,124 tons, an increase of 7,104 tons or 64.55 per
cent, over 1942. COAL MINES.
A 89
The Nicola-Princeton District produced 146,059 tons, an increase of 5,234 tons or
3.71 per cent, over 1942.
The East Kootenay District produced 927,482 tons, a decrease of 120,231 tons or
11.47 per cent, from 1942.
The following table shows the output and per capita production daily and for the
year 1943 at the various mines:—
Colliery and Mine.
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Tons of Coal
mined per Underground Employee
daily.
Tons of Coal
mined per Underground Employee
for Year.
115,507
200,673
261,056
137,366
3,146
3,874
515
1,928
646
1,989
1,826
398
467
598
265
265
276
267
289
243
179
255
252
206
243
271
262
246
326
403
313
177
7
10
3
6
2
7
4
2
2
3
1.34
1.88
3.02
2.90
1.55
1.59
0.95
1.25
1.28
1.38
1.67
0.73
0.89
0.80
354
498
834
776
449
387
171
321
323
284
456
199
232
199
249
317
276
150
6
8
3
5
2
5
4
2
2
2
1.75
2.39
3.42
3.43
1.80
1.99
0.95
1.51
1.28
1.92
1.67
0.73
0.89
1.22
464
633
946
Wellington mine  _ _  	
916
524
484
171
385
323
397
Lake Road mine  — _	
456
199
Pacific mine.— _	
232
299
Midd'.esboro Colliery. _	
33,201
2,275
62,255
30,375
15,699
2,254
296
100
277
288
282
247
106
16
121
67
30
8
1.06
1.42
1.85
1.57
1.84
1.14
313
142
514
453
523
281
72
14
102
50
22
7
1.56
1.62
2.20
2.10
2.62
1.30
461
162
Granby Consolidated M.S. & P. Co., Ltd.
Princeton Tulameen Coal Co —	
610
607
713
322
7,809
6,143
128
1,555
1,343
1,146
298
252
21
131
115
163
20
38
2
7
12
10
1.31
0.63
3.04
1.70
0.97
0.70
391
161
64
222
112
114
13
20
1
6
11
7
2.02
1.21
6.09
1.98
1.06
1.00
601
307
128
259
122'
163
Elk River Colliery    ~ _	
Corbin Colliery (Consolidated M. & S. Co.,
Ltd.) * _	
202,459
689,521
35,502
286
292
368
733
49
1.92
3.22
550
940
267
618
2.65
3.90
758
1,115
* Surface-strip mine.
Collieries of Vancouver Island Inspection District.
The output of Vancouver Island Collieries was 729,989 tons. Of this amount,
123,540 tons or 16.8 per cent, was lost in preparation for the market; 4,492 tons or
0.6 per cent, was consumed by operating companies as fuel; 599,179 tons was sold in
the competitive market; and 2,778 tons was added to stock. Of the amount sold in the
competitive market 574,722 tons or 95.9 per cent, was sold in Canada and 24,457 tons
or 4.1 per cent, was sold in the United States.
Collieries of the Nicola-Princeton District.
Of the gross output of 146,059 tons produced by the collieries of the Nicola-Princeton District, 5,126 tons or 3.4 per cent, was consumed by the producing companies as
fuel and 488 tons was taken from stock, making a total of 141,421 tons sold in the competitive market in Canada. A 90
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Collieries of the Northern District.
Out of a total of 18,124 tons produced, 649 tons was used by the operating companies as fuel, 417 tons was added to stock, and 17,158 tons was sold in the competitive
market in Canada.
Collieries of the East Kootenay District.
The output of the collieries in the East Kootenay District was 927,482 tons. Of
this amount, 34,209 tons or 3.6 per cent, was lost in preparation for the market; 16,949
tons or 1.8 per cent, was consumed by producing companies as fuel; 116,485 tons or
12.5 per cent, was used in making coke; and 754,667 tons was sold in the competitive
market. Of this amount, 600,428 tons or approximately 79.5 per cent, was sold in
Canada and 154,239 tons or 20.5 per cent, was sold in the United States.
The following table shows the per capita production of the various districts for the
past five years. Similar figures for the years prior to 1939 are shown in previous
Annual Reports.
Output and Per Capita Production in Various Districts.
Year.
District.
Gross Tons of
Coal mined
during Year.
Total No. of   .   Tons of Coal
Employees    j      mined per
at Producing     Employee for
Collieries.               Year.
1
No. of Men
employed
Underground
in Producing
Collieries.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Underground
Employee
for Year.
,
561,958
915,914
1,477,872
776,518
891,309
1,667,827
1,026,053
776,300
802,353
1,047,713
890,445
1,938,168
927.482
731
2,245
2,976
731
2,143
2,874
921
1,802
2,723
864
1,496
2,360
1.150
768
468
496
1,062
462
580
1,114
431
662
1,210
599
821
806
525
639
538
1,629
2,167
650
1,625
2,175
753
1,476
2,229
696
1,196
1.892
885
1,355
2,240
1,044
1939   J
Whole Province 	
682
1,412
648
1940   J
Whole Province  	
766
1,632
1941   J
808
>
1,505
1942   J
1.024
1,048
>
1943   J
894,172                      1,701
1 R21.GK4                      9. SKI
The following table shows the production and distribution of coal by the various
collieries and districts, compiled from returns furnished by the owners:— COAL MINES.
A 91
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1943.
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200,673
261,056
137,366
3,146
3,874
515
1,928
646
1,989
1,826
398
467
598
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62.255
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15,699
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6,143
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1,343
1,146
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689,521
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M^C A 92
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
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O COAL MINES.
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT.
During 1943, 2,851 persons were employed in and about the coal mines of the
Province, an increase of 491 over 1942. Taking the average of the principal mines in
the Vancouver Island District, about 15 per cent, of the working-days were lost principally through night-shift and Saturday afternoon crews not working. In the Nicola-
Princeton District the different collieries worked about 95 per cent, of the working-
days.    In the East Kootenay District the average for the year was about 96 per cent.
The table on page 92 shows the number of persons ordinarily employed in and
about the mines, distinguishing the persons and different classes employed underground
and above ground, compiled from returns furnished by the owners.
COMPETITION OF COAL PRODUCED OUTSIDE BRITISH COLUMBIA.
During 1943 the shipment of Alberta coal to British Columbia totalled 963,000 tons.
This consisted of 365,000 tons of lump coal, 255,000 tons of run of mine, 189,000 tons
of nut, and 155,000 tons of slack. Probably for the first time Alberta coal was used for
ships' bunkers, 49,000 tons being used for this purpose.
The following table shows the amount of Alberta coal brought into British Columbia during past years:—
Year. Short Tons.
1934  123,968
1935  221,748
1936  244,928
1937  269,023
1938 . ... 238,435
Year. Short Tons.
1939  239,227
1940  311,232
1941  304,928
1942  652,222
1943  963,000
Of the 1,512,325 tons of British Columbia coal marketed, 174,836 tons was sold for
domestic and industrial use in the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba;
and 153,602 tons was sold for railroad use in these Provinces; 15,686 tons was sold for
railroad use in the United States, and 166,417 tons was sold for railroad use in British
Columbia; 163,010 tons was exported to the United States and 82,333 tons was sold for
ships' bunkers. The tonnage of British Columbia coal used for domestic and industrial
purposes in the Province was 756,441 tons.
ACCIDENTS IN AND AROUND COAL MINES.
During 1943, 2,851 persons were employed in and around coal mines. Eight fatal
accidents occurred during the year as compared with ten during 1942. The ratio of
fatal accidents per 1,000 persons employed was 2.80 as compared with 4.23 for 1942.
In 1941 the ratio was 1.47; in 1940, 2.08; in 1939, 0.67; in 1938, 3.37; in 1937,
3.17; in 1936, 2.84; in 1935, 1.67; and in 1934, 2.07; the average for the ten-year.;
period was 2.41.
The number of fatal accidents per 1,000,000 tons produced during 1943 was 4.33;
during 1942 the figure was 5.15; in 1941, 2.21; in 1940, 3.65; in 1939, 1.35; in 1938,
7.63; in 1937, 6.92; in 1936, 5.94; in 1935, 4.21; and in 1934, 4.45. The average for
the ten-year period was 4.36 per 1,000,000 tons raised.
The following table shows the collieries at which the fatal accidents occurred
during 1943 and comparative figures for 1942:—
Name of Company.
Name of Colliery.
1943.
1942.
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd 	
Comox No. 5 mine  	
1
1
5
' 1
3
1
1
Granby Consolidated M.S. & P. Co., Ltd	
3
2
Totals 	
8
10 A 94
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
The following table shows the various causes of fatal accidents in 1943 and their
percentages of the whole and comparative figures for 1942:—
1943.
1942.
No.
Per Cent.
No.
Per Cent.
3
1
4
37.50
12.50
50.00
2
4
2
1
1
20.00
40.00
20.00
Miscellaneous (underground)   	
10.00
10.00
Totals   	
8
100.00
10
100.00
The following table shows the number of tons of coal mined for each fatal accident
in their respective classes in the years 1943 and 1942:—
1943.
1942.
Cause.
No. of
Fatal
Accidents.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Fatal Accident.
No. of
Fatal
Accidents.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Fatal Accident.
3
1
4
607,218
1,821,654
455,413
2
4
2
1
1
969,079
484,539
969,079
1,938,158
1,938,158
8
227,707
10
193,816
The number of tons of coal mined per fatal accident during 1943 was 227,707 tons,
compared with 193,816 tons in 1942. The average for the ten-year period was
223,700 tons.
The following table shows the fatalities from various causes in coal mines during
the year 1943 compared with 1942, according to Inspection Districts:—
Number op Deaths
from Accidents.
Totals.
District.
Falls of
Roof and
Coal.
Mine-cars
and
Haulage.
Bumps.
Mfc,cIfk,"™8 ! Miscellaneous
JrYundT.      j    <S"'*«>-
1943.
1942.
1
1
1
1
4
-
—
1
1
6
5
5
Northern    ... ...
Province (1943)
Province (1942)	
3
1
4
	
	
8
10 -
Ratio of Accidents.
Accident Death-rate.
District.
Per 1,000 Persons
employed.
Per 1,000,000 Tons of
Coal mined.
1943.
1942.
1943.
1942.
Vancouver Island	
0.79
2.88
5.19
4.17
5.78
1.37
6.84
6.46
6.77
4.77
Totals (1943)	
2.80
4.23
4.33
5.15
Totals (1942)	
	 COAL MINES. A 95
The details regarding the occurrences of fatal accidents in coal mines during 1943
are as follows:—
The fatal accident which occurred to John W. Ridyard, miner, in No. 1 East mine,
Coal Creek Colliery, on January 27th was due to deceased being suffocated by a fall of
loose coal which was thrown down from the roof by a bump at his working-face.
Although some 4 tons of fine coal covered deceased to a depth of 2 feet, his body was
recovered within twelve minutes and artificial respiration was immediately applied but
without success.
The fatal accident which occurred to Sidney Weaver, motorman, No. 1 mine, Michel
Colliery, on February 20th was due to deceased being crushed under his compressed-
air-driven locomotive. He was alone at the time and was dead when discovered. The
accident occurred at a ventilation-door on the haulage-road. The door had to be opened
to permit the passage of the locomotives and cars and apparently when deceased had
approached the door with his train he had reduced the speed and walked ahead of his
train to open the door and had been caught and crushed by the moving and unattended
train. Deceased had been previously censured for this practice and ordered to bring
all trains to a full stop before reaching the door, but had apparently ignored this order.
The resistance offered by his body was sufficient to stop the train as the control-valve
was slightly open when deceased was discovered.
The double fatality which occurred to Matthew Lukas and Mike Jakubiec, miners,
No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery, on March 22nd was due to a severe bump in their
working-place. The bump threw down some fine coal and released a considerable
volume of gas which hampered the rescue operations which were started immediately.
Jakubiec was recovered within a few minutes and given first-aid treatment and
taken to the local hospital, where he died from his injuries the following day. Lukas
was recovered some five hours after the bump. He had been covered by fine coal and
suffocated by gas and the fine coal.
The fatal accident which occurred to George Anderson, driver, No. 1 East mine,
Coal Creek Colliery, on May 3rd was due to a bump which displaced some timbers
and caused a cave of coal which buried deceased. Death was due to asphyxiation.
The body was recovered two hours after the bump occurred.
The fatal accident which occurred to Alvar Kotilla, miner, No. 10 mine, South
Wellington, on May 18th was due to a small fall of roof material which fell from
between the timbers and struck him while he was loading a car. The seam was 12
feet thick at this point and deceased was bent over his shovel when struck. He died
from his injuries the following day.
The fatal accident which occurred to Peter Misura, miner, No. 1 East mine, Coal
Creek Colliery, on June 15th was due to a fall of overhanging coal from the side of
his working-place. Deceased and his partner had been instructed to take down this
overhanging coal and had tried to do so with a hand-pick but found this to be too
difficult. Deceased then passed in front of the overhang to get a power-pick and the
coal fell on him when he passed under the coal. There was no necessity for him to
expose himself to this danger as there was ample clearance to pass with safety.
Deceased suffered a fracture of the right leg but the actual cause of death was suffocation as he was covered with fine coal. His body was recovered about eight minutes
after the accident and artificial respiration and oxygen applied, but he failed to respond.
The fatal accident which occurred to Samuel Lockhart, miner, No. 1 mine, Granby
Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company, Limited, Princeton, on October
6th was due to a fall of roof while engaged in retimbering on No. 7 North level.
Deceased and his partner had removed a broken stringer and were fitting a new one.
While cutting the roof-rock with a pick to make room for the new stringer a large slab
of rock fell and crushed deceased, who died a few minutes later. A 96
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Of the above eight fatal accidents four were due to bumps from which the men
killed had no means of protection, while in the other four fatalities greater care on
the part of the deceased would have averted the accidents.
EXPLOSIVES.
The following table shows the quantity of explosives used in coal mines during
1943, together with the number of shots fired, tons of coal produced per pound of explosive used, and the average pounds of explosive per shot fired (these quantities
include all explosives used for breaking coal and for rock-work in coal mines):—
Vancouver Island District.
Colliery.
Quantity
of
Explosives
used in
Pounds.
Tonnage
for
Mine,
Total No.
of Shots
fired.
Tons of
Coal per
Pound of
Explosive
used.
Average
Pounds of
Explosive
per Shot
fired.
21,843
58,050
64,392
32,000
2,100
1,440
600
1,000
650
1,100
1,250
100
200
800
115,507
200,673
261,056
137,366
3,146
3,874
515
1,928
646
1,989
1,826
398
467
598
36,918
87,300
61,392
52,500
3,200
2,600
1,050
1,750
1,250
1,980   .
2,000
180
550
850
5.29
3.45
4.05
4.28
1.49
2.69
0.85
1.92
0.99
1.80
1.46
3.98
2.33
0.73
0.55
Wellington No. 9 ~ -	
0.55
0.94
185,525
729,989
253,520
3.93
.
Nicola-Princeton District.
Middlesboro Colliery..
Merritt coal mines	
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co....
Princeton Tulameen Coal Co..
Tulameen mine	
Black mine  ..	
Totals for district..
19,900
2,000
20,750
5,500
3,800
1,127
53,077
33,201
2,275
62,255
30,375
15,699
2,254
20,950
2,900
28,500
10,500
5,000
2,354
146,059
70,204
1.66
1.13
3.00
5.52
4.13
2.00
2.75
0.90
0.69
0.72
0.52
0.76
0.50
0.77
Northern District.
Bulkley Valley Colliery.
Telkoal Colliery.:_:	
Cold Spring mine	
Hat Creek Colliery..	
Packwood mine :.  :.
Gething mine 1—•.	
Totals for district-
800
2,702
150
700
1,100
600
5,052
7,809
6,143
128
1,555
1,343
1,146
18,124
1,200
3,350
120
1,200
2,550
1,000
9,420
East Kootenay District.
9.75
2.27
0.85
2.22
1.22
1.91
3.58
0.66
0.80
1.25
0.58
0.43
0.60
0.53
Elk River Colliery.- '    - ■  ..-..-:»■  ■	
22,000
43,000
1,925
202,459     |
689,521    j
35,502    |
27,300
53,050
825
9.20
16.03
18.44
0.80
0.81
2.20
66,925
927,482    j
81,175
13.85
310,579
1,821,654    |
1
414,319
5.85
0.75 COAL MINES.
A 97
Quantity of Different Explosives used.
Monobel of different grades
Permissible rock-powder	
Lb.
284,993
25,586
Total
310,579
The following is a list of explosives permitted for use in coal mines by the Honourable the Minister of Mines, under the provisions of. section 101, General Rule 11, clause
(i), " Coal-mines Regulation Act ":—
Polar Monobel No. 4. Polar Monobel No. 14.
Polar Monobel No. 6. Polar CXL-ite No. 2.
Polar Monobel No. 7.
MACHINE-MINED COAL.
During the year 1943 mining-machines produced approximately 1,193,892 tons or
65 per cent, of the total.
The following table gives the district, number of machines, how driven, and type
of machines used:—■
Number driven by
Type op Machine used.
District.
Electricity.
Compressed
Air.
Chain Undercutting.
Puncher
Type.
—
29
29
49
3
20
8
9
29
41
3
Tntnln
110
28
82
In addition to the above, 105 air-picks are used in the Crow's Nest Pass mines,
East Kootenay District.
SAFETY-LAMPS.
There were 2,652 safety-lamps in use in the coal mines of the Province. Of this
number 221 were flame safety-lamps of the Wolf type and 2,431 were electric lamps
of various makes. A 98
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
The following table shows the distribution of lamps by district, method of locking,
and illuminant used:—
Vancouver Island District.
Colliery and Mine.
Method of Locking.
Magnetic
Lock.
Automatic
Clip.
Illuminant used.
Naphtha
Gasoline.
Electricity.
Comox Colliery (No. 5 mine) _
Comox Colliery (No. 8 mine)	
South Wellington (No. 10 mine).
Wellington mine.. 	
Prospect mine   ,—
Chambers' mine  	
Loudon mine   —
Cassidy mine  —
Lewis' mine—	
Deer Home mine...
Lake Road mine...
Wellington No. 9 .
Pacific mine...	
Stronach mine	
Totals for district.
44
67
14
12
2
2
2
2
1
3
1
2
1
1
260
304
290
154
20
12
5
5
2
18
13
2
2
6
1,093
24
31
14
8
2
2
2
2
1
3
1
2
1
1
280
340
290
158
20
12
5
5
2
18
13
2
2
6
1,153
Nicola-Princeton District.
70
21
107
74
22
7
=
7
3
7
4
2
2
63
18
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co _	
100
70
Tulameen mine     _ ...
Black mine   	
20
5
301
25
276
Northern District.
East Kootenay District.
Bulkley Valley mine  - -.
34
34
2
1
12
11
4
4
2
1
1
30
30
Packwood mine    	
11
11
83
11
12
82
lillk TJiver Colliery
330
680
30
60
300
1,010
90
Totals for Province 	
1,548
1,104
221
2,431
Approved Safety-lamps, Electric and Flame.
A list of the approved safety-lamps, both electric and flame, was published in the
1930 Annual Report.    The following lamps, all electric, are now also approved:—
No. S.-^The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18 of the United States Bureau of
Mines.    The only bulb approved for use in this lamp carries the symbol BM-18 and is COAL MINES. A 99
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.
No. 9.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18f of the United States Bureau of
Mines. This model of Edison lamp in reality represents an extension of the lamp
approval given under Approval No. 18. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp
carries the symbol BM-18F and is manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the
General Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio.
No. 10.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18H of the United States Bureau of
Mines. This lamp represents an extension of the No. 18 approval of the United States
Bureau of Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol
BM-18H and is manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric
Company, Cleveland, Ohio.
No. 11.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 24 of the United States Bureau of
Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol BM-24 and is
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.    This lamp is known as the Edison Model J lamp.
No. 12.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 25 of the United States Bureau of
Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol BM-25 and is
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.    This lamp is known as the Edison Model K lamp.
No. 13.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Koehler Manufacturing Company,
and known as the Super-Wheat Model " W " electric safety cap-lamp under Approval
No. 20 of the United States Bureau of Mines.
No. lb.—The electric lamp manufactured by The Portable Lamp and Equipment
Company, and known as the " Portable " electric safety cap-lamp under Approval No. 27
of the United States Bureau of Mines.
(Unless otherwise specified, all lamps are cap-lamps.)
Note.—While the use of flame safety-lamps is permitted, it is the policy of the
Department of Mines to encourage the use of approved electric safety-lamps for all
persons underground in the coal mines, except such flame-lamps as may be required by
the officials of the mines in the carrying-out of their duty and in such cases as it is considered advisable to provide flame safety-lamps in addition to the electric safety-lamps.
ELECTRICITY.
Electricity is used for various purposes on the surface at eleven mines and underground at seven.
The purposes for which it is used, together with the amount of horse-power in
each instance, is shown in the following table:—
Nature of its Use. Average H.P.
Above ground—
Winding or hoisting  2,260
Ventilation  1,825
Haulage   388
Coal-washing  r '.  2,733
Miscellaneous  8,656
Total horse-power  15,862 A 100 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Nature of its Use. Average H.P.
Underground—
Haulage   1,478
Pumping  1,260
Coal-cutting   	
Miscellaneous   43
Total horse-power    2,781
Total horse-power above and below ground  18,643
Of the above,  approximately  18,293 horse-power was  operated  as  alternating
current.
VENTILATION.
The reports of the District Inspectors give detailed information regarding the
amount of ventilation in the main airways and working splits of the different mines;
the figures given being those resulting from air measurements taken during the last
inspections of the year.
At the Comox Colliery the production of methane makes it necessary to have
a separate ventilating split for each long-wall and even a liberal supply of air passing
along the faces. The additional gas released by intermittent roof movements makes
it necessary to prohibit shot-firing for some time. In such cases the Inspector orders
that no shot-firing shall be done until further inspection and report.
Methane Detection.
The Burrell Methane Detector and the M.S.A. Methane Detector were in general
use throughout the year to detect the presence of methane in percentages less than
could be detected by means of the flame safety-lamp.
The flame safety-lamp is in general use as the everyday means of testing for the
presence of methane by the firebosses and mine officials, and during the year intensive
efforts were made by the Inspectors to train firebosses and miners to estimate closely
the percentage of methane indicated by very small " gas-caps " on the flame safety-lamp.
This work was carried out underground where the gas-caps could be immediately
calibrated with the results found at the same time and place by one of the above-named
methane detectors.
While practically all workmen underground use the electric safety-lamp, many of
the miners were given practical instruction in the use of the flame safety-lamp as
a methane detector, and all new men who apply for a coal-miner's certificate of
competency must show that they possess this knowledge.
Mine-air Samples.
The work of sampling mine-air was maintained throughout the year according to
the conditions existing or anticipated. While the results of the analyses of the samples
are not as immediately available as the information obtained by the methane detectors
or the flame safety-lamp, the report of analyses form a valuable record and offer
a means of checking the accuracy of the other means of methane testing. During the
year 173 samples were taken.
INSPECTION COMMITTEES.
At all the larger mines the miners fully observed the requirements of General
Rule 37 of the " Coal-mines Regulation Act" by appointing and maintaining Inspection
Committees which inspect the mines on behalf of the workmen every month.    These COAL MINES. A 101
committees generally display an efficient interest in their work and as the personnel is
changed at three- or six-month intervals a large number of the miners have, in the
course of years, been brought directly into this work, which should provide an added
safety factor.
A report of each monthly inspection is sent to the District Inspector of Mines.
COAL-DUST.
During the year the sampling and analyses of coal-dust was well maintained and
a total of 1,280 samples was analysed.
Very few samples showed less than 50 per cent, incombustible content and in such
cases further treatment with lime dust is immediately ordered and the same course is
adopted where a tendency for the incombustible content of samples to decrease is noted.
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES.
On January 9th a fire occurred in the locomotive roundhouse at the tipple of
No. 10 mine, Canadian Collieries (D.), Limited, South Wellington. The building was
totally destroyed and two locomotives were considerably damaged. No person was
injured and the origin of the fire could not be determined.
On January 27th a small local bump occurred at one of the working-faces in
26 West No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery. There was little damage caused by
the bump but a miner was suffocated by the loose coal thrown down by the bump.
On February 3rd in No. 8 mine, Comox Colliery, some loaded cars had been switched
in the shaft-bottom on the night shift, when no hoisting was carried on, and one of the
cars had been pushed partly on to one of the cages and this had not been noticed. In
the early morning the stableman entered the top cage and signalled to be lowered. The
car on the lower cage caused that cage to jam in the shaft and tear out several lengths
of the guides.    No person was injured.
On February 13th a bump occurred in No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery, which
broke some timbers and deranged the ventilation in part of No. 26 West district. No
person was injured.
On February 13th, at 2.50 p.m., a bump occurred in 22 East area, No. 1 East mine,
Coal Creek Colliery, which did considerable damage. Some ventilation stoppings were
thrown out and one roadway was tightly caved over a length of 180 feet. There were
no persons in the mine at the time of the bump, the effect of which was felt on the
surface and led to investigation. At 7.30 p.m. a second bump occurred in the same
general area. This bump blew out stopping and deranged the ventilation and heaved
the floor about 2 feet over a distance of 200 feet.
On February 15th two bumps occurred in No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery,
without doing any serious damage. These occurred about three hours apart and were
apparently a follow-up of the more serious bumps which occurred on February 13th.
On February 16th two snow-slides came down the mountain above Coal Creek
Colliery and did considerable damage to surface installations, including the breaking
of the main steam-line from the boilers, but no person was injured.
On February 17th at No. 8 mine, Comox Colliery, a car was being put on a cage
at the surface landing and when the car was partly on the cage it was found that the
cage was too high and a signal was given to slightly lower the cage. Due to some
confusion in the signals, the cage was raised and the car fell to the bottom of the shaft
where a small amount of damage was done. The signalling system was found to be in
perfect working-order.    No person was injured.
On March 27th a severe bump occurred in one of the working-places in No. 1 East
mine, Coal Creek Colliery, which caused the death of two miners. One was covered
and suffocated by loose fine coal and the other suffered injuries from which he died the
following day.
138049 A 102 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
On April 20th a bump occurred in the vicinity of 20 East slope, Coal Creek Colliery,
and broke the compressed-air lines in several places and did other incidental damage.
No person was injured.
On May 3rd a slight bump occurred in the vicinity of the main level No. 1 East
mine, Coal Creek Colliery. This displaced a quantity of fine coal which covered and
suffocated a driver.
On May 18th, at No. 5 mine, Comox Colliery, while a loaded car was being raised
from the surface landing to the tipple landing, some confusion in the signals resulted
in the cage being hoisted to the surface landing before the car was secured on the cage.
The car ran off the cage and fell to the shaft-bottom where some damage was done, but
no person was injured. The signalling system was found to be in perfect working-
order.
On August 20th an outburst of gas occurred at a working-face in the extreme dip
workings of No. 1 Diagonal slope, No. 10 mine, Canadian Collieries, South Wellington.
A considerable amount of coal was displaced and the roadway was completely filled with
loose, fine coal for a distance 15 feet back from the face. The outburst followed immediately the firing of a shot in the face. All men were immediately withdrawn from
the district and no person was injured.
On October 9th at No. 5 mine, Comox Colliery, a short-circuit occurred in the
armoured electric cable in the air drift and caused a small fire which was noticed at
once and extinguished.    No further damage was done and no person was injured.
On November 15th at No. 3 South mine, Middlesboro Collieries, Limited, when the
fireboss was making his inspections prior to the morning shift entering the mine he
discovered that the main entrance was on fire about 200 feet inside the portal. It was
found that the fire was beyond direct control and the mine was sealed off. This mine
was being reopened after being shut down for a number of years and the recovery
operations had extended to a point some 1,200 feet from the portal. The ventilation
was good and there had not, at any time, been any indications of spontaneous combustion and there had not been any men at work underground for forty hours prior
to the discovery of the fire.    No person was injured by the occurrence.
On December 7th an outburst of gas occurred at a working-face in the extreme
dip working of No. 7 Diagonal slope, No. 10 mine, Canadian Collieries (D.), Limited,
South Wellington. The gas cleared up sufficiently to permit work to be resumed a few
hours later. Only a comparatively small amount of coal was thrown out by this outburst. No person was injured by this occurrence, which happened immediately after
the firing of a shot in the face.
On December 17th an outburst of gas occurred in a working-face in the extreme
dip workings of No. 1 Diagonal slope, No. 10 mine, Canadian Collieries (D.), Limited,
South Wellington. The gas was cleared out some eighteen hours later. A considerable amount of coal was displaced by this outburst. No person was injured by this
occurrence, which occurred immediately after the firing of a shot in the face.
BUMPS.
During 1943 a number of bumps of varying intensity and magnitude were experienced in No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery. Some of these were very local in effect
while others affected a considerable area of the workings.
The main adit-tunnel of this mine extends for some 2 miles on the strike of the
seam and all the bumps experienced during recent years have occurred in the inner
part of the mine, which is more than 2,000 feet below the surface.
Largely on account of the recurring bumps the inner part of the mine was abandoned during 1943 and all operations were removed to areas nearer to the portal.
Permanent seals were erected which isolate the inner half of the mine. COAL MINES. A 103
Following are brief details of the more serious bumps during 1943 as they affected
life and property:—
On January 27th a small bump occurred at one of the working-faces in No. 26
West section. One of the miners in the place was thrown down and covered by the
fine coal released by the bump.    Very little damage was caused to the place.
On February 13th, at 2.50 p.m., a bump occurred in the 22 East area which did
considerable damage. Some ventilation stoppings were displaced and one roadway was
tightly caved over a length of 180 feet.    This bump was distinctly felt on the surface.
At 7.30 p.m. on the same day a second bump occurred in this area which displaced
additional stoppings, deranged the ventilation, and heaved the floor in one roadway
about 2 feet for a distance of 200 feet.
On February 15th two bumps of moderate violence were experienced in the 22
East area with about three hours' interval between the bumps. These did little damage
and were apparently related to the more serious bumps which occurred on February
13th.
On March 27th a bump occurred in one of the working-places in No. 26 West which
resulted in the death of two miners in the place. One was suffocated by being covered
by fine coal and the other suffered injuries from which he died the following day.
There was very little damage done to the working-place.
On April 20th a bump occurred on the main haulage-road in the 20 East area,
which caused some falls of roof and broke the air-lines in several places.
On March 27th a severe bump occurred on the main haulage-road in the 24 West
area that resulted in the death of a driver who was covered and suffocated by fine coal
shaken down by the bump. His horse was not covered but died, apparently from the
shock, two hours after the bump.
OUTBURSTS.
During 1943 a number of outbursts of gas and coal were experienced in the No.
10 mine of the Canadian Collieries (D.), Limited, at South Wellington. These have
all occurred in the extreme dip workings of the No. 1 Diagonal slope area where the
seam is at approximately 1,000 feet depth and at about the same depth at which a large
number of outbursts were experienced in the adjacent and now abandoned No. 1 mine,
Cassidy Colliery, a number of years ago. As in the case of the Cassidy mine, these
outbursts were encountered by the workings being driven down the pitch of the seam
and increased in violence and magnitude with depth as far as advance has been made.
The first blowouts consisted largely of sudden emissions of gas with the coal at
the working-faces being loosened but not displaced; while as places were further
advanced to the dip the loosened coal at the face was pushed outwards into the roadways ; while still further advance to the dip encountered outbursts that projected large
volumes of coal into the open workings. While none of the outbursts in No. 10 mine
have reached the magnitude of some experienced in the adjacent Cassidy mine, some
of them have displaced several hundred tons.
So far in No. 10 mine, these outbursts have followed closely the firing of a shot
in the coal-face, the interval of time varying frpm actually accompanying the shot to
a maximum of five minutes later.
The " Coal-mines Regulation Act" requires that only one shot-hole may be loaded
in a place at one time and that the shot be fired and the place be re-examined by the
fireboss before another shot-hole is loaded. As it is customary for a fireboss to fire
several shots on one visit to a working-place, and as the time interval of loading and
firing the second or succeeding shots might coincide with an outburst induced by
previous shots, a system of firing two shots simultaneously has been introduced with
a two-hour interval between the shots fired in any one place. All shots in this section
are fired electrically from a distance of 300 feet, and all men dependent on one roadway
as a means of exit are withdrawn this distance when shots are being fired. A 104
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
This system has so far proved satisfactory, as all the recent outbursts have immediately followed the firing of these double shots. Normally none of the places in the
affected area give off any quantity of methane that would indicate that an outburst
was pending, nor does advance drilling, which may penetrate a zone which later may
blow out, give any indication of the danger.
PROSECUTIONS.
During 1943 there were thirteen prosecutions for infractions of the " Coal-mines
Regulation Act," as follows:—
Date.
Colliery.
Occupation of
Defendant.
Offence charged.
Judgment.
March 13—
March 13—
April 3
April 8
Oct. 30
Oct. 30
Dec. 1
Dec. 22	
Michel ...
Michel. ._
Michel  	
Michel-  	
Princeton Tulameen.-
Princeton Tulameen—
Elk River  	
Michel.	
Motorman	
Four workmen	
Two miners ——	
Fireboss—.- 	
Power-house helper-
Night-watchman
Fireboss 	
Allowing persons other than switchman to ride on motor
Riding on motor without permission
Not setting sufficient sprags to
undermined coal
For unlawfully charging and tamping a second hole before the first
shot was fired
Unlawfully riding on cars underground
Failing to report above contravention of rules
For unlawfully charging and tamping a second hole before the first
shot was fired
Allowing horses to proceed along
haulage-road unattended
Fined $10 and costs.
Each fined $5 and costs.
Each fined $7 and costs.
Fined $20 and costs.
Fined $5 and costs.
Fined $5 and costs.
Fined $10 and costs.
GOVERNMENT MINE-RESCUE STATIONS.
The Department of Mines maintains four fully-equipped mine-rescue stations in
charge of trained instructors. These are located in the chief mining centres of
Nanaimo, Cumberland, Princeton, and Fernie. Those at Nanaimo and Cumberland
are for the service of the coal-mining industry in the respective areas, while the stations at Fernie and Princeton serve both coal and metalliferous mining.
In addition to above, the Department has maintained a fully-equipped station at
Middlesboro under the supervision of the Middlesboro Collieries, Limited. Since the
beginning of the current year these mines have closed down and the equipment from
the rescue-station has been transferred to Princeton.
The above rescue-stations provide a full course in mine-rescue work without charge
to any men who are physically fit and who volunteer for this work and a number of
men outside the mining industry have taken this training; these latter include members of fire brigades and others.
Since the inception of the war there has been a scarcity of the younger men from
the mines who formerly took up this work and maintained a regular training, and it
is difficult to interest the older men who may be still physically fit to undergo the
arduous training schedule which consists of a minimum of twelve two-hour training
periods in the actual use of the self-contained oxygen apparatus and Burrell all-service
gas-masks in an irrespirable atmosphere.
All of the above rescue-stations are also centres for the instruction of first aid
under the St. John Ambulance Association and are, at present, centres for air-raid
precaution work and serve as casualty stations. COAL MINES.
A 105
During the year, in addition to the regular teams in training, thirty-six new men
took the full training and were granted certificates of competency:—
Cert.
No.
Name.
Where trained.
Cert.
No.
Name.
Where trained.
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
William P. MacDermott—	
Alexander Adamic	
Emgott Swanson	
Herbert Kraft 	
Tho. Sapsford Wilson.—	
Robert John L. Barrett	
Richard Clements Thompson
Allan Nelson Cushing	
Joseph John Rollheiser	
Lisle Ballantyne Gatenby	
Harold Robert Hammond	
Francis Gordon Shannon	
Marcel Edward Cantwell	
John Gordon McCullough	
Ridgeway William Wilson	
James A. Dale	
Philip E. Olson 	
Leo R. Morris 	
Princeton.
Princeton.
Princeton.
Princeton.
Chapman Camp.
Chapman Camp.
Chapman Camp.
Marysville.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Kimberley.
Copper Mountain
Copper Mountain
Copper Mountain
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
Paul Galarneau	
Jacob Anton	
Wilfred G. Johnson...
Peter Lapeyre	
Edwin R. Tregunna..
Isaac Kasdorf	
Richard C. Taylor	
Alexander Dean	
George Nasadyk	
Alexander H. Ewart
Carl W. Jurreit	
Matthew C. Moodie...
George M. Fairley	
Leslie Williamson	
James A. Hoggan....
Alexander Morris .....
George W. Ferguson
Albert Littler 	
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Copper Mountain.
Cumberland.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Merritt.
Fernie.
SUPERVISION OF COAL MINES.
During the year twenty-four companies operated thirty-five mines employing 2,240
men underground. In the supervision of underground employees there were eleven
managers, seventeen overmen, and 112 firebosses and shotlighters; or one official for
every sixteen men underground.
" COAL SALES ACT."
List of Registered Names of British Columbia Coals, approved by the Chief
inspector of mines, in accordance with the provisions of the " coal sales
Act."
Registered Names of Coal.
Colliery and District.
Producing Company.
Comox  _	
Old Wellington	
Ladysmith-Wellington .
Hi-Carbon 	
Lantzville-Wellington—
Chambers-Extension.	
Wellington Big Flame.
Biggs-Wellington _.
Berkley Creek-Little Wellington..
Cassidy-Wellington.-	
Middlesboro __ -
Tulameen Valley Coal, Princeton.
Granby Tulameen —
Hat Creek..
Tulameen Gem.
Bulkley Valley-
Crow's Nest, Elk River..
Crow's Nest, Michel	
Black Yale  _.
Jackson Tulameen	
Merritt Diamond Vale ...
Telcoal _ 	
Nos. 5 and 8 mines, Comox Colliery (Cumberland) .
No. 9 mine (Wellington)  _	
No. 10 mine (South Wellington) ._ 	
Mixture of Canadian Collieries' coal and B.C. Electric coke
Lantzville {Lantzville)   	
Chambers' (Extension)  	
Richardson mine   _	
Biggs' mine (Wellington)	
Berkley Creek Colliery (Extension) 	
Cassidy mine (Cassidy)  	
Middlesboro (Merritt)  _ _ 	
Tulameen (Princeton)  	
Granby (Princeton)	
Hat Creek (Lillooet) -
Tulameen Collieries (Princeton).
Bulkley Valley (Telkwa)	
Elk River (Coal Creek) _	
Michel (Michel)	
Black mine (Princeton)	
Jackson Colliery (Princeton)—	
Diamond Vale Colliery (Merritt).
Telcoal Colliery (Telkwa)	
Canadian Collieries (D.),Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.),Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.),Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd.
Lantzville Colliery.
R. H. Chambers.
A. B. Richardson.
Biggs' mine.
Hugh McLean Davidson.
A. H. Carroll.
Middlesboro Collieries, Ltd.
Princeton Tulameen Coal Co.
Granby Consolidated M.S. & P.
Co., Ltd.
Canada Coal and Development
Co., Ltd.
Tulameen Collieries.
Bulkley Valley Colliery, Ltd.
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd.
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd.
Inland Collieries, Ltd.
British Lands, Ltd.
Merritt Coal Mines, Ltd.
Telkoal Co., Ltd. A 106 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
BOARD  OF EXAMINERS  FOR  COAL-MINE  OFFICIALS.
FIRST-, SECOND-, AND THIRD-CLASS CERTIFICATES AND
MINE-SURVEYORS' CERTIFICATES.
BY
James Strang.
The Board of Examiners, which was formed on July 10th, 1919, now consists of
James Dickson, Chief Inspector of Mines, Chairman; H. E. Miard, member; and
James Strang, member and Secretary to the Board.
The meetings of the Board are held in the office of the Department of Mines in
Victoria. The examinations are held in accordance with the amended rules of the
Board of Examiners and approved by the Minister of Mines on September 28th, 1929.
Two examinations were held in 1943, the first on May 19th, 20th, and 21st, and
the second on November 18th, 19th, and 20th. The total number of candidates at the
examinations were as follows: For First-class Certificates, 1 (1 passed); for Second-
class Certificates, 6 (2 passed, 1 passed with supplemental, and 3 failed) ; for Third-
class Certificates, 20 (12 passed and 8 failed), and for Mine Surveyor, 1  (1 passed).
The following is a list of the candidates who successfully passed in the various
classes:—
First-class Certificate.—Walter McKay.
Second-class Certificate.—Thomas O. Heyes and Daniel Chester.
Third-class Certificates.—Thomas W. Holley, Albert Littler, Joseph Kraus, David
Thewlis, Thomas F. Krall, Lawrence Hutchison, Henry S. Hughes, Archibald R. Gee,
Louis F. Gall, Gregor McGregor, Walter Barber, and James Corrigan.
Mine Surveyor's Certificate.—Thormod Andersen.
EXAMINATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY
AS COAL-MINERS.
In addition to the examinations and certificates already specified as coming under
the Board of Examiners, the Act further provides that every coal-miner shall be the
holder of a certificate of competency as such. By miner is meant any person employed
underground in any coal mine to cut, shear, break, or loosen coal from the solid, either
by hand or machinery.
Examinations are held regularly in all coal-mining districts.
No certificate has been granted in any case where the candidate has failed to
satisfy the Board as to his fitness, experience in a coal mine, and a general working
knowledge of the English language.
During 1943 there were 213 candidates for coal-miners' certificates; of these
204 passed and 9 failed to qualify. In addition to the certificates granted above,
substitute certificates were issued to those who had lost their original certificates.
The Board of Examiners desires to thank the different coal-mining companies for
the use of their premises for holding examinations when necessary.
The Inspector of Mines in each district has authority under the " Coal-mines
Regulation Act" to grant, after a satisfactory examination, a provisional certificate
as a coal-miner to applicants, which entitles the holder to follow the occupation of
a coal-miner for a period not exceeding sixty days or until the date of the next
examination before the Board. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 107
INSPECTION OF COAL MINES.
VANCOUVER ISLAND INSPECTION DISTRICT.
Nanaimo.
by
John MacDonald.
J. A. Boyd, President, Montreal, Que.; H. R. Plommer, Vice-Pres-
Canadian Collieries ident, Vancouver, B.C.; P. S. Fagan, Secretary-Treasurer, Nanaimo,
(Dunsmuir), Ltd. B.C.; H. Baird, Superintendent, Cumberland, B.C.; R. K. Smart,
Assistant Superintendent, Nanaimo, B.C.
No. 10 Mine, South Wellington.— (49° 123° S.W.) W. Frew, Manager; Joseph
Wilson, Overman; A. Hannah, T. Jordan, E. Heyes, J. McArthur, W. Roper, D. McMillan, F. Johnstone, F. Bell, and T. McCann, Firebosses. This mine is situated in
the Cranberry district, about half a mile south of the old No. 5 mine, and maintains
its position as being the chief producing mine in the district, with a total production
of 261,057 tons over a working period of 266.5 days with an average crew of 235 men
employed underground and thirty-five on the surface. The major portion of the above
tonnage has come from pillar-extraction and the driving of the necessary roadways
incidental to such operations. The total distance the pillars have been drawn back
from the boundary pillar adjacent to the old Granby No. 1 mine abandoned workings
varies from 500 feet in the No. 4 Right district to 1,200 feet in the Main slope section.
The excellent recovery accomplished to date may be attributed to the fact that this mine
is worked on a three-shift basis, ensuring maximum production in a minimum period
of time, coupled with the fact that the closest supervision and care is constantly exercised by all officials and workmen directly engaged in this class of work.
First-aid requirements have been well taken care of during 1943, nine emergency
stations being maintained in addition to the main station in the lamp cabin where
the main stock of supplies is stored. All emergency stations are examined frequently
by a competent person who replaces bandages, etc., as required.
Four dangerous occurrences were reported during 1943; one of these dealt
with a fire which completely destroyed the roundhouse and seriously damaged two
locomotives, the other three were in connection with outbursts of gas, necessitating
the withdrawal of the men from the sections immediately affected. Two mine-rescue
teams of six men each have kept up regular training comprising one two-hour period
monthly, when the teams assemble the apparatus and work out a practical problem in
the experimental mine adjacent to the mine-rescue station at Nanaimo. General working conditions have been found fairly satisfactory in the course of inspection, excepting
on those occasions when abnormal emissions of methane caused the imposition of blasting restrictions on certain workings pending the removal of all visible gas-caps from the
general body of the air.
Apart from the conditions mentioned above, the ventilation has been generally
good throughout the year. At the last inspection in December the fan was delivering
a total quantity of 105,200 cubic feet of air a minute for the use of eighty-three men.
Thirty-two samples of air were collected in the various return airways, the methane
content of these varying from 0.17 per cent, in the main West- return to 0.96 per cent,
in the main East return. One hundred and thirty-seven samples of dust were gathered
from the roadways, all of which were well above the minimum standard of incombustible content as set by the Coal-dust Regulations. Lime-rock dust, amounting to 135
tons, was used in treating 30,000 feet of roadways. One hundred and thirty-one accidents -were reported and investigated; of these, one ended fatally;   five were in the A 108 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
serious class;   while the balance were tabulated as minor accidents, although many
of the latter involved the loss of considerable time.
Wellington Mine.— (49° 124° S.E.) A. Newbury, Manager; J. Sutherland, Overman; A. Bennett, J. Brown, J. Marrs, T. McCourt, A. Kirkham, and J. Wilson, Firebosses. This mine is situated in the Timberlands district, a distance of 14 miles from
the washery and cleaning plant at Nanaimo, to which point the coal is hauled by a
fleet of trucks operated by F. W. Beban Company under contract with the coal company.
Production for the year amounted to 137,366 tons over a working period of 267 days,
with an average crew of 140 men employed underground and eighteen on the surface.
The surface plant and underground equipment have been described in previous annual
reports, the only addition being the installation of a new electric pump in No. 1
Diagonal slope to cope with the extra surface water entering the mine through the
broken ground caused by the settlement of the long-wall areas. Development-work
during the year was limited to the driving of a roadway from No. 1 wall haulage-road
to the surface, a distance of 650 feet, to serve as an airway for this part of the mine and
also to facilitate the development of a portion of the field lying to the rise of the old
No. 1 wall. This mine has been operating in a limited area of the Wellington seam
and is rapidly approaching the exhaustion stage, eight long-wall faces being finished
in 1943. At the moment of writing, it is anticipated that all available coal will be
extracted about the end of May, 1944.
Although the roadways are naturally wet throughout, seventy-two samples of dust
were collected in the vicinity of the main loading stations, all of which were well above
the minimum standard of incombustible content as set by the Coal-dust Regulations;
6,000 lb. of lime-rock dust were used around the above areas and on the main travelling-
way for illuminating purposes on this roadway. Excepting on those occasions when
crushing and breaking occurred on the walls, working conditions have been found
satisfactory in the course of inspection. The ventilation has always been exceptionally
good in this mine, the quantity passing in the Main return at the last inspection in
December measured 48,000 cubic feet of air a minute for the use of sixty-two men and
five horses. Safety-lamp readings indicated a very faint trace of methane at the
testing station on the above roadway. Twelve samples of air were taken during 1943,
the analyses showing not more than a trace of methane in all samples. Sixty-one
minor accidents were reported and investigated; it is gratifying to report that no
serious or fatal accidents occurred in 1943.
(49° 123° S.W.)    M. Brodrick, Fireboss.    This mine is situated at
Prospect Mine,   Extension, on the southerly end of the " Harewood Ridge " and operates
Extension. in the Wellington seam. Production for 1943 amounted to 3,761
tons over a working period of 289 days with an average crew of six
men employed. Because of the broken nature of the ground, No. 3 dip development
was abandoned and all work concentrated on the recovery of the available coal adjacent
to the slope. A new road was driven along the high side of old No. 1 Left level and
a connection put through to the surface to serve as an airway and outlet for the workings on the left side of the Main slope. Considering the faulted nature of the strata
and the difficulty experienced in driving suitable connections, the ventilation and
working conditions in general have been found fairly satisfactory in the course of
inspection. At the last visit in December, 1,600 cubic feet of air was entering the right
side air-drift for the use of five men. Three minor accidents were reported and
investigated.
(49° 123° S.W.)    This property lies in Section 3, Range 1, in the
White Rapids    Cranberry district, and is located close to the Nanaimo River, approx-
Mine. imately 2,200 feet in a south-easterly direction from No. 17 Incline
outlet of the abandoned Extension No. 3 mine.    A programme of INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 109
prospecting and diamond-drilling was carried out during the latter part of 1943 to
determine the extent and workable area of the Wellington seam in this locality.
This provided sufficient data to warrant plans being prepared to open a new mine and
progress was being made at the end of the year in the grading of a site for a tipple
and entrance to the proposed new slope. It is anticipated this roadway will reach the
seam at a distance of 500 feet from the surface.
(49° 123° S.W.)    Robt. Hamilton and Associates, Operators;   Robt.
Deer Home No. 1 Hamilton, Overman.    This mine was situated in the Extension district
Mine. and operated in a small portion of the Wellington seam that was left
in this area by former operators. All coal that could be extracted with
safety was recovered at the end of August, all material withdrawn and the mine portal
permanently closed off by a solid cog. This mine operated ninety-nine days during the
period January to August, 1943, inclusive, and produced 1,275 tons with an average
crew of six men engaged. Working conditions generally were found fairly satisfactory
during the course of inspection.
(49° 123° S.W.)    Robt. Hamilton and Associates, Operators;   Robt.
Deer Home No. 2 Hamilton,  Overman.    This  is  a new mine,  situated  approximately
Mine. 1,500 feet in a south-easterly direction from the old Vancouver slope,
and is being developed with a view to recovering some pillars presumably left intact in this area when Extension No. 3 mine was abandoned. The slope has
been driven a distance of 220 feet from the surface, mostly through gravel and old
waste ground, and two levels set off to the right which are now being driven as skip
places alongside two of the pillars mentioned above. The equipment was moved from
Deer Home No. 1 mine and a tipple and bunkers built at the new location in July. It
may be mentioned in passing that operations were begun to prepare the ground for this
mine in May, with the intention of having it ready for production when the No. 1
mine was exhausted, the full crew moving over to the new mine at the end of August.
During the period May to December, 1943, inclusive, this mine worked 124 days and
produced 709 tons with an average crew of four men. Conditions in general have been
found satisfactory at all inspections, the workings being ventilated by natural means
pending the development-work reaching the stage requiring the installation of a fan.
No accidents were reported during the year.
(49° 123° S.W.) R. H. Chambers, Operator and Fireboss. This mine
Chambers' is situated in the Extension district and is operating a portion of the
No. 3 Mine.     Wellington seam left in this area when Extension No. 3 mine was
abandoned. The seam here is badly faulted and the management was
compelled to abandon any further development to the dip when the slope had reached
a point 800 feet from the surface. Production for 1943 amounted to 3,762 tons over
a working period of 243 days, with an average crew of seven men engaged. The
major portion of this output has come from pillar-extraction and the recovery of top
coal in old roadways. Considering existing circumstances, working conditions have
been found fairly satisfactory during the course of inspection. One minor accident
was reported and investigated.
(49° 123° S.W.) George Frater, Operator and Overman. This mine
Lake Road Mine, is situated in the vicinity of the old Beban mine and is operating in a
section of the Wellington outcrop left in this locality when Extension
No. 1 mine was abandoned. Production during 1943 amounted to 1,832 tons over a
working period of 243 days, with an average crew of four men engaged. Working
conditions have usually been found satisfactory in the course of inspection. One minor
accident was reported and investigated. A 110 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(49° 123° S.W.)     These small mines are situated in the Harewood dis-
Lewis' Nos. 2 and tnffit and have been operating in isolated portions of the Wellington
3 Mines.        seam left in this area when Harewood mine was abandoned.    The No. 2
mine was recovering some coal in the vicinity of the old Harewood
Main tunnel; this was worked out and the tunnel closed off at the end of May. The
No. 3 mine has been opened on the " Harewood Ridge," where one of the old inclines
was driven through to the surface. This roadway was skipped and repaired for a
distance of 350 feet from the surface and the incline pillars are now being drawn back.
These mines worked a total of 252 days in 1943 and produced 665 tons with two men
engaged. To gain access to the No. 3 mine a roadway 700 feet in length was built
from the main highway up the ridge to the tipple. General working conditions have
been found fairly satisfactory at all visits of inspection. One accident was reported
and investigated during the year.
(49° 123° S.W.)    J. McKellar and Associates, Operators;   J. Neen,
No. 5 Mine,     Fireboss.    This mine is situated in the Cassidy district and is work-
Cassidy.        ing a portion of the Douglas seam lying to the south of the abandoned
Granby No. 2 mine. Production during 1943 amounted to 1,927 tons
over a working period of 137 days with an average crew of five men engaged.
Working conditions in general have been found satisfactory throughout the year. One
minor accident was reported and investigated.
(49°  124°  S.E.)    Wm. Loudon, Operator and Fireboss.    This mine
Loudon's No. 3   was situated in the Wellington district and operated in a small portion
Mine. of outcrop coal left in this locality by former operators.    Production
during the period January to September, 1943, inclusive, amounted to
532 tons in 157 working-days with two men engaged. All available coal that could be
mined with safety was extracted at the end of September, the material withdrawn and
the mine portal securely fenced off. Preparations were made in November to drive a
new slope to tap a portion of the upper Wellington seam that was left when old No. 9
mine was closed. During the last two months of the year the slope has been driven a
distance of 50 feet to reach the seam, tipple, and bunkers built at the mine and a branch
roadway built from the highway into the mine yard. No accidents were reported from
these operations during the year.
(49° 124° S.E.) F. John and H. Gerloch, Operators; F. John, Over-
Pacific No. 2 man. This mine is situated in the Wellington district and is also
Mine. operating in a portion of the upper Wellington seam left near the out
crop by former operators. There is very little cover over the seam in
this area and short slopes are driven to tap the seam as required. This mine worked
262 days during 1943 and produced 474 tons with a crew of two men engaged. Ventilation is produced by natural means and working conditions have been found satisfactory at all visits of inspection.    No accidents were reported from this mine.
(49° 124° S.E.)    C. Stronach, Operator;   F. John, Overman.    This
Stronach No. 2   mine is situated in the Wellington district and is operating in the
Mine. upper Wellington seam, which is reached by a short slope from the
surface. Production was 585 tons over a working period of 246 days
in 1943 with an average crew of three men engaged. Two levels have been driven
to the right of the slope, one of which made contact with one of the long-wall faces in
the first Left district of old No. 9 mine; these old workings are badly caved in places
and cannot be used in the meantime as a second outlet. A new roadway is being driven
for this purpose from the first Right level back up to the surface. Working conditions
have been found satisfactory in the course of inspection, while a plentiful supply of
fresh air is provided as a result of the connection being made with old No. 9 mine.
One minor accident was reported and investigated during the year. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 111
(49° 124° S.E.) R. B. Carruthers and W. Wakelam, Operators; R. B.
Old No. 9 Mine. Carruthers, Fireboss. The above operators have worked this property
under lease from Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, and completed the recovery of all available coal at the end of April. The operations are confined
to a small section of outcrop coal lying to the left of the old slope. In an effort to locate
some pillars presumably left intact in the lower Wellington seam in the immediate
vicinity of old No. 9 mine, a new slope was driven to contact the old Wellington
workings. While this exploratory work has met with a fair measure of success, the
search for these pillars has proved to be somewhat disappointing. Production for 1943
amounted to 398 tons over a working period of 271 days with a crew of two men
engaged.    No accidents were reported during the year.
Old No. 1 Mine, Lantzville.—(49° 124° S.E.) Frank and Joseph Michek, Operators.
During the period January to March, 1943, inclusive, these men worked thirty-three
days and recovered 50 tons from the old surface dump, and finally abandoned this work
at the end of March.
Comox.
by
R. B. Bonar.
(49° 125° N.E.) James A. Quinn, Manager; Arthur W. Watson,
No. 8 Mine, Overman; Daniel Morgan and Thomas Robertson, Shiftbosses; John
Comox Colliery. Anderson, William Bennie, Frank Coates, Muir Frame, George Harvie,
Sydney Hunt, William Johnstone, Alfred Maxwell, John Queen, Thomas
Shields, Edward Surtees, John W. Smith, James Weir, Daniel Waddington, and Frank
Woods, Firebosses. The mine is in the vicinity of the Lake Trail road and 2 miles east
of the mine camp at Bevan. The seams are reached by two shafts, each 1,000 feet in
depth, but the No. 2 seam, which lies at a depth of 700 feet, is the only one being
operated at the present time, although the lower or No. 4 seam workings are being
kept unwatered with the view to future development. In the No. 2 seam, before opening out on the long-wall advance system of work, a circular shaft pillar 1,000 feet in
diameter was left and only narrow openings driven through it. Most of the active
workings are at present confined to the South side of the shaft; except that on the
North side of the shaft the Main level has been brushed and regraded, and a slope
turned off which is now down 300 feet. There is also 500 feet of long-wall face in
operation on this side of the shaft. The main South level and accompanying 300-foot
long-wall advanced 600 feet during 1943 but are now inactive due to a thinning of
the seam. The No. 2 Incline was driven 300 feet but has been inactive during the
latter part of the year, due to faulted ground. There are two single unit long-walls,
each 300 feet in length, advancing to the south off No. 2 Incline. No. 1 Incline advance
wall and the left side workings off No. 1 Incline are inactive, being cut off by faults,
with production confined to the right side, which has three tandem walls advancing
along the strike in echelon. Altogether there are ten long-walls in operation, three
tandem units and four single units, their total length aggregating 3,000 feet, with an
average seam thickness of 3 feet 6 inches, including rock bands or bony coal. An airway was driven from the North side workings to the bottom of the upcast shaft.
The long-walls and levels are undercut by means of Anderson-Boyes compressed-
air long-wall machines, and the solid places are driven by radial type punching-
machines. Shaker pan-conveyers of the compressed-air Meco type are used to convey
the coal down the long-wall faces and load it into l^-ton capacity mine-cars. Owing to
the numerous slips encountered, the varying thickness of cap-rock, and the slow advance
of the walls, the roof conditions are not of the best and require the closest supervision
and care.    The average daily output of coal during the month of December was 722 long A 112 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
tons, with 265 men employed underground and thirty-eight men on the surface.
A 7-stage centrifugal pump direct connected to a 150-horse-power electric motor and
located in the fire-proof pump-room near the Main shaft bottom handles the mine water.
The haulage in the main South level district is handled by an Ironton storage-battery
locomotive which is serviced in the fire-proof charging-station located on the main
South level just inby No. 1 Incline.
The mine ventilation is supplied by a Sullivan fan and at the time of the December 9th inspection gave a total quantity of 179,000 cubic feet of air per minute against
a 6.8-inch water-gauge. Each wall has a separate split and where tandem walls are in
operation the middle or escape road is used as a common return. Twenty-four samples
of mine-air were taken and analysed and served as a check on safety-lamp readings.
The analysis of the air sample taken in the main South return airway on December 9th
showed a methane content of 0.46 per cent. A total of 268,100 lb. of limestone-dust
was used underground during the past twelve months, 89,000 lb. being used in tamping
shots and 179,100 lb. in treating the roadways and face-lines of the mine to combat
the coal-dust hazard. As an additional precaution against the coal-dust hazard the
coal is subjected to a water-spray as it is discharged from the conveyer-pans into the
coal-cars; also several sprays of the atomizing type have been installed on the lower
portion of No. 1 Incline to allay the coal-dust there. Two hundred and sixteen samples
of mine-dust were analysed during the year for the purpose of ascertaining the percentage of incombustible matter and moisture in the dust collected from the roof, floor, and
sides of the mine roadways.
The compressed air for the underground machinery is supplied by three electric-
driven compressors having a rated capacity of 4,970 cubic feet of air per minute, which
are located on the surface near the main hoisting-shaft engine-room.
The wash-house, put into operation on August 1st, 1943, has a capacity of 400
lockers with thirty sprays and a drying-room for wet clothes. A new first-aid station
was built on the surface and is fully equipped to comply with the requirements of the
Workmen's Compensation Board.
(49° 125° N.E.)    John S. Williams, Manager;   John Christie, Over-
No. 5 Mine,      man;  A. Somerville and James Cochrane, Shiftbosses;   William Herd,
Comox Colliery.  Robert Walker, J. H. Vaughan, A. G. Jones, C. Williams, A. Dunsmore,
R. Littler, R. O'Brien, L. Cooper, and M. Brown, Firebosses.    This
mine operates the No. 2 seam which is reached by a shaft 280 feet in depth.    All the
workings lie to the dip from the shaft and are accessible by four parallel slopes driven
from the level of No. 1 seam on which the shaft-bottom is located.    All the output is
produced from advancing long-wall faces and their accompanying development levels.
At the end of 1943 there were six active long-walls; also two tandem units each 500 feet
long and two single units each 260 feet long, their total length aggregating 1,520 feet,
with an average seam thickness of 3 feet 6 inches of coal plus 8 inches of rock or bony
coal.    The average daily output of coal during the month of December was 500 long
tons with 220 men employed underground and twenty-nine men on the surface.
The long-wall faces are equipped with compressed-air Meco type pan-conveyers
which convey the coal from the face-lines to 1-ton capacity mine-cars on the haulage-
levels. The slopes and levels are either bottom or top brushed to give the necessary
height and most of the rock stowed in the gob on both sides of the roadways. All the
coal cutting is done by means of compressed-air Anderson-Boyes machines. One Goodman duckbill loader unit was put into operation during the year and has been used to
advantage in speeding up the development-work.
Due to the gassy nature of the mine the closest attention is at all times required in
maintaining efficient ventilation, and while it has been necessary on several occasions
during the year to temporarily prohibit the blasting on some of the walls and levels, INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 113
there were no instances of protracted prohibition required. The mine is ventilated by
two electric-driven exhausting fans which have separate returns but common intakes.
The No. 1 fan, which ventilates the abandoned No. 1 seam, stables, and Nos. 1 and 2
West slope districts, gave a reading of 72,900 cubic feet of air per minute against
a 3.6-inch water-gauge at the time of the last inspection; and the No. 2 fan, which
ventilates the No. 4 West district, Main slope district, No. 6 East slope district, and
abandoned workings of No. 5 East slope district, gave a reading of 152,500 cubic feet
of air per minute.
One hundred and seventy tons of limestone-dust were used underground during the
year to combat the coal-dust hazard. It was distributed by hand on the roadways and
face-lines, and is also used in tamping shots. As an added precaution the coal coming
off the conveyers is sprayed with water to dampen the coal-dust. One hundred and
sixty-two samples of mine-dust were analysed during the year for the purpose of ascertaining the percentage of incombustible matter and moisture in the dust collected from
the roof, floor, and sides of the mine roadways.
A man-trip is run up the upper Main slope and, as a safeguard, the hoist is equipped
with an automatic cut-off which cuts off the power and applies the brake if anything
should happen to the hoistman; it is commonly known as the "deadman control." An
additional man-trip is run up the upper portion of the lower Main slope to- connect with
the above-mentioned man-trip. Each man-trip is equipped with a safety-car which is
attached to the rear end of the trip.
The compressed air for the underground machinery is supplied by three electric-
driven compressors situated at the top of No. 3 intake drift, and which have a rated
capacity of 4,950 cubic feet of air per minute. The bath-house at the mine is equipped
with 512 lockers and has sixty sprays. Monthly inspections were made by the miners'
inspection committee, and copies of these reports were received through the courtesy
of the committee members. All report-books required to be kept at the mine were
examined regularly and found to be in order.
NICOLA-PRINCETON INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
E. R. Hughes.
There were seven producing collieries operating in this district during 1943, as
follows: The Granby Colliery, operated by the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting
and Power Company, Limited, at Princeton; the Middlesboro Colliery, at Merritt; the
Princeton Tulameen Coal Company, Limited, at Princeton; the Tulameen Collieries,
Limited, at Princeton; the Merritt Coal Mines, Limited, at Merritt; the Black Coal
Mine, at Princeton; and the Hat Creek Coal Mine, at Upper Hat Creek, near Ashcroft.
Prospect operations were carried on by British Lands, Limited, at the Jackson Prospect, near Princeton. A small amount of prospect-work was done by J. Delprato and
E. Hayes on property formerly owned by the now defunct Coalmont Collieries, Limited.
The Pleasant Valley Mining and Development Company did some prospecting on their
claims near the abandoned Blue Flame mine, south of Princeton.
Accidents.—There was one fatal coal-mining accident during the year when an
experienced miner was killed by a fall of rock at the Granby Colliery. Eighty-nine
compensable accidents were investigated and of these seven were classified as serious.
Dangerous Occurrence.—On Monday morning, November 15th, at the No. 3 mine,
Middlesboro Colliery, a fireboss making his regular inspection before workmen went A 114 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
on shift discovered smoke in great volume coming from the lower portal of the mine.
Investigation by officials revealed that an uncontrollable fire raged about 200 feet inside
the portal. The superintendent thereupon ordered the mine to be abandoned and sealed;
no efforts being made to recover material. Conditions in the mine were stated to be
normal at the end of the last working shift. Officials were firmly of the opinion that
the fire was not of spontaneous origin, although no other satisfactory explanation could
be definitely established. No persons were underground at the time the fire was discovered.    The mine was in the development stage and employed only seven men.
Prosecutions.—There were two prosecutions under the " Coal-mines Regulation
Act." A power-house helper and a night-watchman were prosecuted for a violation of
Special Rules involving illegal riding on an underground road. One of the men was
seriously injured while so riding.
Output.—The output of coal for 1943 was greater than that of the three preceding years and amounted to 161,312 tons, as compared to 157,339 tons for 1942, 131,925
tons for 1941, and 149,827 tons for 1940. As in 1942, the output was less than the
demand. Most of the operating mines could have increased their crews if sufficient
skilled miners had been available.    Labour troubles accounted for a few lost shifts.
Mine-rescue and First Aid.—The Similkameen Valley Mine Safety Association
held its annual field-day competitions on the Allison Flats, Princeton, on Saturday,
June 26th. The events in both mine-rescue and first aid were keenly contested and
a high standard of work was exhibited under ideal weather conditions. The Granby
Colliery team, captained by James Fairley, won the mine-rescue event, with a comfortable margin over three other local teams.
(50° 120° S.W.)    E. W. Hamber, President, Vancouver, B.C.;   Miss
Middlesboro     BJ. McDonald, Secretary, Vancouver, B.C.;   Robert Fairfoull, Superin-
Collieries, Ltd.   tendent, Merritt, B.C.    This colliery is situated on a branch of the
Kettle Valley Railway, about 1 mile from Merritt, and consists of No.
2 South, No. 2 South Extension, No. 3 South, and No. 5 Prospect mines.    The plant
and equipment have been described in previous reports and there have been no major
changes during 1943.    Fifty-eight men were employed underground at the end of the
year and the colliery produced 37,374 tons of coal.
No. 2 South Mine.— (50° 120° S.W.) Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Overman,
A. Allen; Firebosses, R. Dunnigan and Geo. Maxwell. Development during the year
consisted of driving a second dip to open up an area below the old Main level. Levels
are laid out in a north-and-south direction from the dip and connecting raises and stalls
are then driven for ventilation. During my inspections conditions were found to be
generally satisfactory. The roadways and timbering were found to be in good condition. All parts examined were found to be generally well treated with inert dust. The
mine is usually ventilated by natural means but a standby fan can be operated when
required. An air measurement taken during the December inspection indicated 9,000
cubic feet of air per minute to be passing along the Main return for the use of twenty-
three men. Safety-lamp tests indicated no visible caps in any of the roadways or
working-places.
No. 2 South Extension Mine.—(50° 120° S.W.) Manager, Robert Fairfoull;
Overman, James Fairfoull; Firebosses, W. Ewart and G. Walker. Developments
during the year were confined to the lower parts of the mine. Three levels are being
worked below the main entry, in a north-and-south direction, and are connected with
the necessary ventilation raises. A small fan supplies the required ventilation and the
last air measurement taken in December showed 15,120 cubic feet of air per minute to
be passing along the Main return, for the use of twenty-seven men. Safety-lamp tests
indicated no visible gas-caps in any of the roadways or working-places. Conditions
were found to be generally satisfactory during the monthly inspections of this mine. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 115
No. 3 South Mine.— (50° 120° S.W.) Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Overman,
A. Allen; Fireboss, Geo. Maxwell. This small mine, which had been idle for several
years, was reopened during the early part of the year. A level had been driven in from
the surface for approximately 750 feet and a ventilation raise completed when the mine
previously operated. On reopening, it was found that the Main level had caved extensively for several hundred feet. The work of cleaning up and retimbering was almost
completed when a fire, of unknown origin, was found by a fireboss in making his routine
inspection before workmen went into the mine on Monday morning, November 15th.
The fire was beyond control and the management ordered the entries to be sealed and
the mine abandoned.
No. 5 Prospect Mine.— (50° 120° S.W.) Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Fireboss,
Thos. Rowbottom. This is a new prospect operation situated approximately 400 feet
south of the colliery lamp-cabin and is being developed to recover a small area of coal
left between the old No. 4 mine, No. 5 seam, and the abandoned No. 5 East mine. At
the end of the year four separate tunnels had been started in the seam from the surface
and were in distances varying from 50 to 160 feet from the outside, with the necessary
crosscuts for ventilation.    The seam was found to be thin and irregular.
(50° 120° S.W.)    Manager, Geo. Murray;   Fireboss, James Fairley.
Merritt Coal     After several abortive efforts had been made in reopening and relocat-
Mines, Limited,   ing coal-seams on the property formerly owned by the Diamond Vale
Collieries,  Limited, near the city limits of Merritt,  it was finally
decided to reopen and develop what was formerly known as the New No. 3 mine, which
is located approximately 60 feet below the old Diamond Vale No. 3 mine, where, in 1912,
an explosion occurred, killing seven men.    In order to prevent confusion in the naming
and numbering of these mines, it was decided to call the new workings No. 4 mine.
No. 4- Mine.— (50° 120° S.W.) A slope and two levels had been driven by former
operators and these workings were extended during the latter part of 1943. At the
time of the December inspection the slope had been driven down to a point approximately 300 feet from the surface. Two levels had been started from the right and two
from the left side of the slope, and connections had been made for ventilation. The dip
of the slope, so far, is 30 degrees, but if this seam is conformable to the upper seam
then the angle of dip should increase considerably in the next 300 to 400 feet. A cross-
section of the seam is as follows: Hard shale roof, 10 inches inferior coal, 6 inches cap-
rock. This part overlies the portion of the seam that is mined, but when it is necessary
to make height this upper part is brushed down. The seam proper is as follows: 14
inches coal, 3 inches rock, 20 inches coal, 2 inches rock, 8 inches coal. On the floor of
the seam is 6 inches of shale, under which is a hard sandstone floor. At the present
time ventilation is provided in sufficient quantity by natural means. However, if it is
intended to develop further dip workings, it will soon become necessary to install a fan.
Ten men were employed underground at the time of the December inspection. The
output of coal during the four months of production totalled 2,546 tons.   '
No. 3 Mine.— (50° 120° S.W.) The only work done in this old abandoned mine
was the installing of a pump with the intention of unwatering the old workings ahead
of the underlying No. 4 mine. A small amount of pumping was done; then the compressor was taken away.
(50°  121°  S.W.)    L. D. and A. A. Leonard, former owners of this
Hat Creek Coal   mine, sold their interests to the Western City Company, Limited, Van-
Mine, couver.    The sale was made in the name of A. Russell.    Up to the time
of the sale the mine was managed by L. D. Leonard;  since that time
M. McGeer has represented the new operators and William H. C. Brown, a miner
granted a permit under the " War-time Coal-mine Employment Act," has acted in the
capacity of fireboss.    The mine is situated in Upper Hat Creek, 30 miles from Ashcroft A 116 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
and 15 miles from Pavilion, a station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The mine
is at an elevation of 2,000 feet above sea-level and is developed by a Main level driven
230 feet into a hill and crosscutting the almost vertical measures, which at this point
consist of numerous coal-seams interlayered with clay and shale bands of varying thickness. Development done during 1943 was concentrated in the first Left side level,
where the level, counter, and crosscuts were further advanced. It is the intention of
the present operators to stop underground work in the near future and confine coal
production to surface-stripping. Ventilation is by natural means and conditions during
the monthly inspections were found to be generally satisfactory. Three men were
employed underground at the end of the year and the mine produced 1,516 tons of coal.
Julian B. Beaty, President, New York; A. S. Baillie, Vice-President
The Granby Con- and Qeneral Manager, Copper Mountain, B.C.; W. R. Lindsay, Assis-
P Co Ltd' *an^ General Manager, Allenby, B.C.; W. I. Nelson, General Superintendent, Copper Mountain, B.C.
Granby Colliery, No. 1 Mine.— (49° 120° S.W.) Mine Manager, Thos. M. Wilson;
Overman, A. McKendrick; Firebosses, Thos. Cunliffe, F. Bond, A. Hilton, Thos. Lloyd,
and J. Yard.
The No. 1 mine is situated about 6 miles west of Princeton, off the Hope-Princeton
Highway. Almost all the output from the mine is used at the company's steam electric
power plant near Princeton, which supplies the power requirements at the Copper
Mountain copper-mining operation, the concentrator at Allenby, and at the coal mine.
The coal is transported from the mine by trucks to a point near Princeton, whence
it is carried across the Similkameen River by an aerial tram to the power plant. The
total capacity of this plant is approximately 17,500 kilowatts. For this coal-haulage
three 9-ton trucks, one of which has a 12-ton trailer, are used.
The mine is developed from two diagonal slopes, the North diagonal and the South
diagonal; this system providing for the development of a large triangular area of
unworked coal between the slopes. The North diagonal slope was advanced during 1943
and a new level, No. 8 North, and a counter have been started off the slope. Pillar-
extraction was completed in the No. 6 North level and the level was immediately sealed
as a safeguard against the possibility of heating; this being one of the principal dangers peculiar to the Princeton lignite field.
The South diagonal slope was also advanced during the year and a new level, No. 6
South, and a counter were started off the slope. A heavy " squeeze " movement enveloped the levels and working-places of No. 4 and No. 5 South, rendering the task of
maintenance extremely difficult and costly. The expansion of bentonites above and
below the coal-seam, in the presence of moisture, is largely responsible for such adverse
roof and floor conditions. Most of the work in these two levels during the year was
confined to rehabilitating the squeezed area.
The coal, or lignite, deposits of the Princeton field belong to the Oligocene age, and
so, geologically speaking, are very young. The measures are very soft and interbedded,
particularly near the coal-seams, with bands of bentonite. Bentonite is used in industry as an absorbent, and this quality that makes it so useful in other fields of endeavour
also makes its presence extremely undesirable in the mining of coal, particularly in the
presence of water. It is said that fully saturated bentonite occupies a volume approximately sixteen times greater than that occupied by a similar amount of the dried
material. Workings lying near the surface are not much affected by the action of
bentonite as some of the expansion has undoubtedly already taken place. But as the
workings proceed to depth and as water gradually percolates through the broken
measures, plus the dead weight of the comparatively soft, superincumbent measures,
the expansive qualities of the bentonites are soon made manifest, causing the floor to
heave and the roof to sag, to the extent that in a short time the roof and floor meet.    If INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 117
coal in the Princeton field is ever to be profitably mined to great depth it will be
necessary to give some thought to advance planning, and eliminate, as far as possible,
the common error of developing, breaking up, and weakening large connecting and
contiguous areas. Such planning should include the forming of the mine into panels,
sufficiently isolated to prevent the transference of squeezing. Then, if the ground
necessary for a year's output was developed and exhausted within that year, maintenance costs could be kept at a minimum.
The average thickness of the No. 1 mine seam is approximately 16 feet, in which
occurs no less than eighteen bands of "bone," bentonite, clay, and ironstone. This
excess of foreign matter has necessitated that mining be confined to the lower 5 to 7
feet of the seam, which has an average pitch of 27 degrees. The coal is carried from
the raise-stalls by means of sheet-iron lined chutes to the levels below. With the
exception of the main underground hoist, which is electrically operated, all other
underground power is derived from compressed air. All mining is done by means of
Ingersoll-Rand post type punching-machines. Power for the mine is developed by an
electrically operated Ingersoll-Rand Imperial No. 10 compressor, having a capacity of
1,200 cubic feet of free air per minute, with a pressure of 90 lb. The surface plant and
tipple are electrically operated.
The North and South diagonal slopes are separately ventilated by individual fans,
the air entering the Main intake splitting at the top of the haulage-slopes. The last
air measurement taken when the mine was working showed 43,200 cubic feet per minute
for the use of forty-five men. Safety-lamp tests indicated no visible gas-caps during
any of the inspections, although, due to constricted airways in the North side, the ventilation was sometimes found to be sluggish in the vicinity of pillar-drawing operations,
with the resultant occasional evidence of black-damp. A sample of the return air gave
an analysis of 0.04 per cent, methane in the North return; the South return analysis
also showed 0.04 per cent.
Monthly inspections were made by the miners' inspection committee, and copies of
their inspection reports were received through the courtesy of the committee members.
All report-books required to be kept at the mine were regularly examined and found to
be in order. Working conditions in general were found to be satisfactory during the
year. On the surface and underground, 122 men were employed, and the coal production for the year was 70,334 tons.
Because of high operating costs and labour troubles this mine ceased operations
on December 4th. Coal for the operation of the company's power plant is now being
purchased from other mines. The only underground work being done at the end of
the year was the withdrawal of material from the mine.
Granby Colliery No. 2 Mine.— (49° 120° S.W.) This development mine remained
closed throughout 1943, except for the pumping of water.
(49° 120° S.W.)    Guy F. Atkinson, President, San Francisco, Cali-
Princeton Tula-   fornia;  George H. Atkinson, Vice-President, San Francisco, California;
meen Coal Co.,   W. D. Seaman, Secretary-Treasurer, Princeton, B.C.;   James Taylor,
Ltd- Manager, Princeton, B.C.;   Ben Cheetham, Robert Gourlay, Andrew
Dean, and William Devoy, Firebosses. This company operates the
Princeton Tulameen No. 1 mine, formerly known as the Lind mine, situated about 1
mile west of Princeton. The mine is developed from a Main slope driven from the outcrop on a pitch of 16 degrees, which at the end of 1943 was down 1,450 feet from
the portal. At a point 650 feet down, the slope and counter pass underneath the
Tuiameen River. Before this point was reached nine levels had been developed to the
right and left of the slope. After passing under the river six levels were developed
to the right, leaving a protecting pillar under the river-bed; the pillar thus divides the
mine into the upper and lower workings. A 118 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Development during the year was concentrated in the lower right-side levels.
Nos. 16 and 17 Right levels were advanced to a point approximately 1,400 feet from the
Main slope and the No. 18 Right level was advanced to a point approximately 1,000 feet
from the slope. A squeezing movement, similar in cause and effect as that described
in the report on the Granby colliery, developed in the Nos. 13, 14, and 15 Right levels.
This movement later travelled downward and included the Nos. 16, 17, and 18 Right
levels. The progression of squeeze exceeded the speed of rehabilitation to the extent
that the roadways soon became impassable and had to be abandoned. Thus the whole
of the lower workings were lost to production. As the abandoned workings could not
be adequately ventilated it became necessary to isolate the area; this was done by
the erection of 15-inch wood-block stoppings in each level. The stoppings were later
reinforced by 10 to 30 feet of rock and clay stowage. In conjunction with the building
of the stoppings a new return airway was driven; this serving to ventilate the stoppings and will later be improved for use as the return airway for future dip-workings.
With the loss of the lower workings, and in an effort to maintain production, the management resorted to withdrawing surface pillars on both sides of the Main slope down
to No. 3 Right and No. 3 Left levels. Rehabilitation of the lower end of the Main
slope was being continued, with the intention of further development to the dip as soon
as the necessary repair-work has been done to the slope and counter.
During the early part of the year electric power from the Granby power plant
replaced power from the emergency plant which had been in use since the loss by fire
in September, 1942, of the Princeton Tulameen Diesel electric plant. The mine is ventilated by a 48-inch Aerodyne-type fan electrically driven; a standby gasoline-engine
is also available and can be connected to the fan in case of an electric power failure.
The last air measurement taken during December showed 36,250 cubic feet per minute
passing through the fan-drift for the use of twenty-seven men.
New machinery and equipment installed during the year included an Ingersoll-
Rand Imperial No. 10 compressor, having a capacity of 1,100 cubic feet, driven by
a 200-horse-power electric motor. The 35-horse-power electric motor formerly used
on the surface hoist was replaced by a 100-horse-power motor. A 60-horse-power
compressed-air hoist and a new 25-horse-power Fairbanks-Morse electric pump was
installed underground. A new blacksmith-shop was built and a new 200-amp. Lincoln
electric welder was purchased. A new M-S-A generator charging set was installed in
the new lamp-room to charge forty-four lamps. A new bath-house was built during
the year and has accommodation for 108 men.
Monthly inspections were made by the miners' inspection committee, and copies
of their inspection reports were received through the courtesy of the committee members. All report-books required to be kept at the mine were regularly examined and
found to be in order.
Coal produced at this mine supplies some of the domestic requirements in the
Princeton district and is also shipped to Vancouver and Interior points. The coal
shipped by rail is taken from the mine by an International truck of 8-ton capacity.
At the end of the year fifty-six men were employed underground and eighteen on the
surface.    Total coal production for 1943 was 34,075 tons.
(49°  120°  S.W.)    Head office, 716 Hall Building, Vancouver, B.C.;
Tulameen Mine Overman, Thos. Cunliffe succeeded David M. Francis to this posi-
Collieries, Ltd. tion in December; Fireboss, Thos. Bryden. This company operates
the Tulameen No. 3 mine, which is situated about 2 miles west of the
town of Princeton. The tipple is at the side of the Kettle Valley Railway, from which
a short siding-spur is extended. The underground workings of this mine are connected
to the formerly abandoned workings of the old Tulameen No. 2 mine. Some of these
abandoned workings have been rehabilitated to meet the needs of present mine develop- INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 119
ment, the remaining inaccessible workings are sealed off as a precautionary measure
against the possible spontaneous heating of material in the heavily caved area. The
old No. 2 mine incline was extended during the year and three levels were started away
to the right. No. 10 Right level advancing in a northerly direction reached the 150-
foot boundary to be left between these workings and the old No. 1 Mine. Nos. 11, 12,
and 13 Right levels running parallel to the boundary reached a distance of 750 feet
from the Main incline and ran into gravel and a start was made on the withdrawal of
pillars in these levels.
Mine ventilation is provided by a Sheldon fan and the air measurement taken in
December showed 11,200 cubic feet of air per minute to be passing for the use of
fifteen men. The mine was operated throughout 1943 and produced 14,729 tons of coal.
Conditions were found to be generally satisfactory during the inspections made at this
mine.
(50° 120° S.W.) Company office, c/o Grossman and Holland, Stock
Inland Collieries, Exchange Building, Pender Street, Vancouver, B.C. This company's
prospect operations near Merritt were inactive during 1943.
Black Coal Mine.— (49° 120° S.W.) Mine Manager, Francis Glover (resigned in
December) ; Fireboss, Wm. Forsyth. During the early part of the year this mine,
owned by the Black and Glover interests, was operated by the Inland Collieries, Limited,
and later was operated by the Coal Consumers Co-operative Association, Vancouver,
B.C. The mine is situated in the Finlay Creek district, 6 miles south-west of the town
of Princeton. The measures in the developed part of the mine dip at an angle of
50 degrees. Insufficient work has yet been done to prove the full thickness of the
measures but the portion thus far exposed shows several seams of lignite varying in
thickness from 5 to 10 feet. The seams thus far partly developed lie close together
and are separated by only a few feet of black shale, bentonite, and dirty coal. Mining
so far has been chiefly in the Nos. 1, 2, and 3 seams. No. 1 and No. 2 seams have
been developed by levels driven from the surface croppings in the side of the hill.
The No. 2 seam level is in approximately 1,100 feet from the surface. During the
year raises were driven from the No. 2 seam and connected to form a ventilation counter; these workings, however, were too near the outcrop and were discontinued because
of the flow of surface water. Short crosscuts were driven at varying distances along
the No. 2 seam level through to the No. 3 seam and these were connected. A slope was
driven in a northerly direction on the No. 3 seam with the intention of developing coal
to the dip; another opening from the surface was driven to meet this, but at the end
of the year no contact had been made. Six men were employed at the mine at the time
of my last inspection and the output for 1943 was 2,254 tons,
(49°   120°   S.W.)     Jackson Prospect Mine.—Agent,  C.  H.  Jackson,
British Lands,     Kelowna, B.C.;   Fireboss, J. Delprato.    This small prospect operation
Ltd. is situated about 6 miles south-west of the town of Princeton and about
one-half mile north of the Black mine. Prospecting has been carried
on in this vicinity for the past several years and during 1942 a coal-seam was discovered on a hillside. During the present year a cross-measure level tunnel was driven
at a lower elevation for the purpose of intersecting the seam. The tunnel was driven
approximately 100 feet in surface clay, gravel, and sandstone when the seam was
located and underground work discontinued. No coal was produced and the only work
being done at the end of 1943 was the building of a tipple, at which two men were
employed.
(49° 120° S.W.)    Fireboss, J. Delprato.   This is a new prospect opera-
Delprato and     tion situated between Blakeburn and Coalmont, and is adjacent to the
Hayes Prospect.   No. 7 tower on the abandoned aerial tramway formerly operated by
the now defunct Coalmont Collieries, Limited.    The work done con- A 120
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
sisted of several surface open-cuts made for the purpose of proving coal-measures to
be found in this area. No underground work had been done and no coal was produced
in 1943.    Two men were employed.
(49° 120° S.W.)    New Blue Flame Prospect Mine.—Manager, John G.
Pleasant Valley   Biggs.    This is a new prospect operation situated approximately 8
Mining and      miles south-west of the town of Princeton and near the eastern extrem-
Development Co. jty 0f the abandoned workings of the old Blue Flame mine.   Two adits
which were started into the hillside with the intention of locating a
coal-seam had been driven in about 15 and 20 feet respectively when abandoned after
the work had been in progress for about two weeks.    Four men were employed.
NORTHERN INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
Charles Graham.
There are two properties operating in the Telkwa district, one located on Goat
Creek, a tributary of Telkwa River, and the other on the bank of Telkwa River.
Production during 1943 increased considerably owing to increased demand by
Canadian and United States military forces in the district. The increased production
for 1943 amounted to about 5,000 tons.
Bulkley Valley Collieries.—F. M. Dockrill, President;  A. H. Dockrill, Overman.
No. 1 Mine.— (54° 127° N.E.) Only pillar-extraction is being carried on at this
mine.    Some time during the coming summer will see the total exhaustion of the mine.
No. 2 Mine.—Asa Robinson, Fireboss. This is a new development, located about
one-half mile down-stream on Goat Creek from No. 1 mine on the opposite bank. What
appears to be the same seam outcrops in the west bank of Goat Creek. Two entries
have been started at this point and are being driven in on the strike of the seam.
The overburden at this point is light, being about 60 feet.
A new tipple has been built and is now in operation. There is no mechanical
equipment at the mine so far. When No. 1 mine is finished the steam plant and air
compressor will be moved to No. 2.
The air compressor and Siskol coal-cutter, which could be used to good advantage
in the development of No. 2 mine, are lying idle. The compressor, being steam-driven,
cannot be used until the steam-boiler is moved to the new location. Apparently the
company was unable to reach an agreement with Ottawa officials on the purchase of
a Diesel-driven compressor, which they planned to install, to furnish air for the coalcutter until the steam plant could be moved. The result is that the development of the
mine has been greatly retarded.
No gas was observed or reported at any time during 1943 and general conditions
were satisfactory.
Telkoal Company, Limited.—A. M. Richmond, Managing Director; John Gillham,
Overman.
Betty Mine.— (54° 127° N.E.) J. M. Wilson and John Wiley, Firebosses. The
mine is located on the west bank of Telkwa River, about 6% miles from Telkwa.
The slope has been driven down about 420 feet. At 240 feet, No. 5 level was
turned off and driven through the fault which runs parallel with the counter-slope.
They expected to open up some rooms to the rise off this level but another fault was
struck running almost parallel with the strike along the high side of No. 5 level.
Another fault was struck crossing the main slope at about 45 degrees. No. 6 level was
turned off at this point. This level is being pushed ahead. The slope is being driven
through the fault.    The displacement here does not appear to be over 10 feet downthrow. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 121
A boiler, a steam-driven compound air-compressor, and a fan have been installed.
The bridge across the Telkwa River was completed and a tipple built with approach
direct to the slope.    A cook-house, bunk-house, and change-house have been built.
A small cap of gas was reported at various times, and on one occasion, due to the
stoppage of the fan, the men were withdrawn. No gas was detected by the writer on
any visit during 1943.
Major Seam.—Operations at this seam were abandoned during the summer. In
the main entry they ran into what appeared to be the old Telkwa River bed, or the bed
of an adjacent tributary, which had cut down through the coal-seam, cutting off the
section showing the outcrop from the rest of the seam. This condition could not be
observed from the surface and was a quite unexpected development. Nothing further
has been done at this mine.
Diamond-drilling. — A programme of diamond-drilling was carried out by the
Emergency Coal Production Board at both the Bulkley Valley and Telkoal properties.
These showed considerable erosion and faulting in the field but there has not been
enough drilling done to really determine the continuity of the coal-seams in any one
section of the field.
Peace River Area.
by
E. R. Hughes.
An inspection trip was made to the Peace River area during the period May 24th
to June 3rd, 1943. Only two small coal-mining properties were being operated—the
Gething and the Packwood mines. These mines worked intermittently during the year
with small crews. The road from Fort St. John to the mines was improved during the
year but much work yet remains to be done before it can be considered a fair road for
year-around coal-hauling.
(55° 122° N.E.) Operator, Quentin F. Gething; Fireboss, Llewellyn
Gething Mine.    Phillips   (working under a permit granted in  accordance with the
provisions of the "War-time Coal-mine Employment Act"). This
small mine is situated 1% miles north of the Peace River and 12 miles south-west of
the village of Hudson Hope. The workings are on the eastern slope of Bullhead Mountain and consist of a Main level and two counters, with the necessary crosscuts for
ventilation. The seam lies on an angle of 30 degrees and is 5 feet 3 inches in thickness,
including three rock-bands totalling 8 inches. The bone and rock present necessitates
that great care be taken in cleaning the coal. Six men were employed. An estimated
1,400 tons of coal was produced during 1943.
(56° 122° S.E.) Operator, Geo. Packwood; Fireboss, Jacob Reschke
Packwood Mine,   (working under a permit granted in accordance with the provisions
of the "War-time Coal-mine Employment Act"). This small mine is
situated on the west side of Butler Range, 22 miles west of Hudson Hope and 84 miles
west of Fort St. John. During the early part of the year the mine was operated by
the R. Melville Smith Company, Limited, Canadian contractors on the Alaska Highway.
This company intended to mine coal for their own use but found the operation was too
expensive; trucking coal from the mine to Fort St. John being chiefly responsible for
the excessive costs. However, the road-work done by this company will prove of
advantage to the present operators. The seam dips approximately 55 degrees in
a westward direction and consists of 3 feet of clean coal. Two adits have been driven
along the strike of the seam. The lower level is in approximately 300 feet and the
upper level is in about 200 feet. Raises at 40 feet centres were driven up from the
levels.    Four men were employed and 1,511 tons of coal were produced during 1943. A 122 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Vicinity of Quesnel.
by
James A. Mitchell.
(53°  122°  S.W.)    This lease is located below the big bend in the
Lease of Fraser River, about 6 miles north of Quesnel. Lignite coal is exposed
J. Donnelly. over a considerable area on the banks of the Fraser River at extreme
low water. The loose gravel was washed off a section of this coal and
some 200 tons was pried off the surface at the edge of the river and shipped to Quesnel
by barge. Some of this was distributed to the townspeople and some stored in a warehouse. It was recommended to Mr. Donnelly that the latter be disposed of as soon as
possible as it would not stand prolonged storage. Comments regarding the burning
qualities of this coal are to the effect that it makes a satisfactory fuel.
Lease of F. Hutton.— (52° 122° N.E.) F. Hutton made several open-cuts to expose
a seam of coal on the banks of Australian Creek above the railway crossing. At the
time of writing this operation has not been visited.
Lease of J. Johnson.— (53° 121° S.W.) In partnership with D. Wells, J. Johnson
attempted to strip more overburden from his coal occurrence at Coldstream near
Wingdam. A drag-line scraper, operated by a steam donkey, was used for this purpose.
A small tonnage of coal was dug and shipped to Wells.
Lease of W. Armstrong.—(53° 121° S.W.) This lease adjoins that of J. Johnson.
Work was confined to building a cabin and digging a few open-cuts which exposed some
low-grade lignite.
EAST KOOTENAY INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
H. E. Miard.
Unflagging activity prevailed in the mines of the Crow's Nest Pass section of the
district throughout 1943, although both construction-work and mine operation were
hampered to a considerable extent by the inadequacies of the labour supply available.
Production began at the new Elk River colliery of the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company,
Limited, and, impelled by a threatened scarcity of industrial fuel, the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, secured a lease on a part of the
Corbin property with the result that, in the month of September, operations were
resumed there at the open pit known as No. 3 mine, which had then been idle for more
than eight years. Notwithstanding this reinforcement, the total production remained
below early expectations, largely owing to difficulties encountered elsewhere.
The gross output for the entire coal-mining section of the district amounted to
927,483 long tons, from which 35,000 tons must be deducted to cover various losses,
these being incurred in washing at the Michel and Elk River collieries while, in the
case of the output from Corbin, deductions of another nature, incident to the method
of transportation in use, have to be made and will be considered in the part of this
report dealing specifically with that operation.
At Michel, where a new battery of ten Curran-Knowles by-products ovens was put
in operation at the beginning of the year, 77,355 tons of coke was obtained from the
processing of 116,485 tons of coal. Of this amount, 64,147 tons of coal treated in
the bee-hive ovens yielded 38,176 tons of coke; and 52,338 tons processed in the
Curran-Knowles ovens yielded 39,179 tons of coke, 276,209 gallons of tar, and
238,731,000 cubic feet of surplus gas, used in part under the colliery boilers. The possibility of utilizing the balance of this valuable fuel is receiving deserved attention, and INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 123
the design of burners susceptible to meet the requirements of other parts of the plant
is being studied.
The accident record for the year constitutes a rather gloomy subject, well apt to
induce sombre meditations; easily entitled to first place among all causes of absenteeism, and ranking also as the most pernicious and costly hindrance to successful
operation. While a number of the mishaps recorded was due to agencies beyond
human control, one must return dejectedly to the hackneyed statement that far too
many were the result of either carelessness or lack of proper appreciation of the sometimes obvious possibilities of the immediate environment. These stand out prominently among the factors contributing to the partial frustration of efforts made towards
the promotion of safety.
There were five fatal accidents, involving the loss of six lives, in the coal mines
of the district. The incidence of bumps accounted for three of these mishaps and four
of the fatalities, one was due to a fall of rib coal, and another occurred in the course of
haulage operations. They are described in detail in another part of this report.
Among other accidents having occurred in and around the mines, 455 were investigated
and classified, but the data secured remained incomplete in the case of fifteen other
similar occurrences, owing either to the men involved having left their employment
shortly thereafter or to various other reasons. For statistical purposes all non-fatal
accidents are divided into four classes, according to the loss of time ensuing in each
case. Those involving a loss of calendar time of seven days or less are considered as
" minor "; those causing disability ranging from seven to thirty days are classed as
" slight"; a loss of time of from thirty days to three months ranks the occurrence as
" serious "; and a " major " accident is one in the case of which full recovery demands
more than ninety days. On this basis, the 455 accidents in question were divided as
follows: "Major," fourteen occurrences involving a total loss of time of 2,167 days;
" serious," 100, with a loss of time of 4,471 days; " slight," 252, causing a loss of time
of 4,211 days; " minor," 89, with a loss of time of 404 days. A total of 11,254 calendar
days, corresponding to 8,479 shifts, on the basis of 275 working-days per year, or the
full time of thirty-one men. In the third week of the month of January, when this
tabulation was completed, twenty men were still off work on account of injuries
sustained in 1943.
Men employed at the coal-face constitute the majority of those injured in the period
under consideration, they having been involved in 212 of the accidents recorded and
included in this summary. The number of other underground employees appearing
on the list is 180, and sixty-three workmen suffered mishaps of various kinds on the
surface. As to locality, the 455 accidents tabulated were distributed as follows: Coal
Creek, 68; Elk River, 60; and Michel, 327; which, if Coal Creek and the Elk River are
considered as one operation, gives a ratio of 1.5 accidents per 1,000 tons of coal mined
there and, on the same basis, one of 2.107 for Michel.
President and General Manager, H. P. Wilson, Fernie, B.C.;   Vice-
Crow's Nest Pass President, Thos. Balmer, 305 G.N. Building, Seattle, Wash., U.S.A.;
Coal Co., Ltd.    Secretary, Thos. G. Ewart, Fernie, B.C.;   Treasurer, Jas. H. Marshall,
Fernie, B.C.;  General Superintendent, Bernard Caufield, Michel, B.C.;
Mining   and   Construction   Engineer,   Wm.   C.   Whittaker,   Fernie,   B.C.     Capital,
$6,212,666.16.   Value of plants, $8,138,981.
Coal Creek Colliery.— (49° 114° S.W.) On the 1st day of December the Coal Creek
Colliery ceased to exist as a separate operation. On that day the single mine still
active there became a part of the adjoining Elk River Colliery, and is considered as such
in this report. At the end of the forty-six eventful years of its existence, Coal Creek
passes into history with claims to a colourful and instructive past unexcelled by those
of any other contemporary coal-mining operation. A 124 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
(49° 114° S.W.) Superintendent, Bernard Caufield; Manager, James
Elk River Colliery. Littler. The construction of the new plant, begun in May, 1942, was
completed in the latter half of the past year and the gradual transfer
of the centre of activity from Coal Creek to the Elk River began. Many difficulties had
to be overcome in the course of these eighteen months, some of the natural order and
others due to the abnormal conditions created by the present state of national
emergency. A few of these have not yet been completely mastered and improvements
of various kinds, to be effected in the course of the coming summer, are now being
planned.
At present all coal is obtained from No. 1 East, No. 4, and No. 9 mines. The output of the first mentioned is hauled to the plant (a distance of about 4,400 feet) by
a steam locomotive. That of No. 9 mine is brought down from an elevation of some
750 feet nearly to the level of the cleaning plant by two retarding conveyers of the
rope-and-button type, operated in tandem, with a combined length of 1,550 feet and on
gradients ranging from 27 to 30 degrees. In No. 4 mine, the coal is loaded into cars
and is dumped at the same point as that brought from No. 1 East.
The coal brought down by the retarding conveyers joins that from the rotary
dump over an apron-feeder delivering it to a sizing-screen, upon leaving which it is run
over a short picking-table. The oversize lump is then passed through a McNally-
Pittsburgh pick-breaker. From that point the coal is either hoisted into a 300-ton
storage-bin or is carried directly to the preparation plant over a 42-inch conveyer-belt,
by means of which that stored as aforesaid is eventually also delivered there.
The equipment of the cleaning plant includes two boilers used for heating purposes
exclusively, two furnaces heating the air supplied to the driers, two Ty-Rock 6- by
16-feet sizing-screens, three Vissac jigs, two Vissac driers, one M.C. centrifugal drier,
three Ty-Rock dewatering screens, two boom-loaders, and three box-car loaders. There
are seven tracks under the loading-bridge. The dust-collecting apparatus is still to be
installed, as is also the Vikingizing system. The refuse from the jigs is hoisted into
a bin from which it is subsequently hauled away by trucks.
The main part of the cleaning plant is a steel and brick structure, 120 by 100 feet,
and 68 feet high, resting on a monolithic concrete base which prevents any perceptible
vibration when the machinery is in operation. The combined power-house and machine-
shop is 100 by 60 feet, with an inside height of 27% feet. At present it is housing
two electrically-driven Canadian Ingersoll-Rand compressors with capacities of 3,300
cubic feet of free air each, and foundations are awaiting a 3,000 Belliss and Morcom
and a high-pressure compressor to be brought there shortly from Coal Creek. Another
building, 100 by 60 feet, with ceiling 10 feet above floor, provides space for the
colliery offices, the warehouse, a well-appointed ambulance-room, and a large room
intended to be used ultimately for the training of men in mine-rescue work and storage
of apparatus, but at present temporarily occupied by the colliery electricians. Finally,
an additional structure, 154 by 60 feet, contains the wash-house, capable of accommodating 600 men, and the lamp-room. All these buildings have concrete and brick walls
and laminated flat roofs.
The primary power used is electrical current, supplied by the East Kootenay
Power Company at 66,000 volts and distributed at voltages of 2,300, 550, and 220 to
different parts of the plant.
Hand-pick mining is considered anachronistic at this colliery. The mining equipment on hand includes two Goodman short-wall cutters, fourteen radial coal-cutting
machines, and 105 pneumatic picks. In the course of the year 21,500 lb. of Monobel
and 500 lb. of CXL-ite were used in blasting coal and rock in 27,290 separate shots,
none of which miss-fired. The total output of the colliery amounted to 202,459 long
tons, of which 2,160 tons were lost in washing. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 125
No. 1 East Mine.—Overman, Carmichael McNay. Late in 1942 it became evident
that the inner section of this mine (which had been the mainstay of the now defunct
Coal Creek Colliery since 1933) would have to be abandoned. On November 7th of that
year a serious bump had added its effects to the damage already sustained by a few of
the roadways, on account of normal heaving of the floor, and some of the working-faces
had become temporarily inaccessible as far as coal production was concerned. In consequence, the irregularities of the retreating front began to increase daily and it was
realized that rational conditions could not be restored without undue risk being incurred.
A transfer of operations outby was then thought advisable. As a temporary measure
a few working-places were started on April 1st in the vicinity of the Main level, between
Nos. 18 and 20 East entries, or 2,400 feet away from the site of the last bump experienced until that time. This was merely intended to maintain a small output while the
14 East district was being prepared for a resumption of operations. However, a small
bump, which unfortunately claimed one life, occurred there on May 3rd, and it was
decided to remove the centre of activities to the vicinity of No. 10 East entry, only
about 2,200 feet from the portal and 8,800 feet from the face of the main entry. The
territory in question lies over an area of old No. 2 mine from which practically all coal
was extracted between the years 1902 and 1908, this creating conditions which, it was
hoped, might have led to the dissipation of ground stresses and, possibly, also to the
fracturing of the superincumbent conglomerate beds. So far, this assumption has
proved itself correct and the chief difficulty encountered in the rejuvenated old workings
has been due to the band of shale, immediately overlying the coal, which reaches a
considerable thickness occasionally and has been badly fractured and thrust out from
over the pillars in the course of the twenty-six years that elapsed since the original
places were driven. Whether further latent stresses may be released subsequently or
not is, of course, still a matter for conjecture.
None among the series of bumps which occurred between January 1st and May 3rd
of the past year would have ranked as major occurrences of their kind, according to the
method of classification adopted, had not three of them been accompanied by loss of life
owing to unfortunate combinations of circumstances. However, they served to focus
attention once more on the influence of the underground topography upon the localization of these phenomena, and on the close relation between the sites of such occurrences
in No. 1 East and those of similar manifestations experienced in the vicinity of the
contour line followed by the main entry of the old No. 3 mine.
The part of the mine lying inby the No. 18 East entry has now been sealed off.
In the abandoned 14 and 16 East districts, which must, perforce, remain open, no
appreciable variations of the general conditions prevailing were observed in the course
of the year. In the south-eastern corner of the latter section, close to the flooded area,
the temperature is still high but practically invariable. A characteristic feature of
these parts of the mine is the low relative humidity of the air, which seldom reaches
50 per cent., varying usually between 43 and 49 per cent., while that of the return air
from the entire East side, like that found in the working sections, is of the order of
82 per cent. From the purely scientific point of view the old workings of No. 1 East
present some other interesting features, among which are the very common efflorescences of epsomite on roof and ribs, the formation of stalactites of yellow calcite at
one point and, in places in which the temperature has risen above normal, the appearance of a gelatinous substance, evidently of organic origin which, after it has dried and
hardened, resembles well-ripened tobacco and can be lifted off the coal in leaves often
more than a foot square. More important perhaps from the practical point of view is
the fact that, owing to the comparative rarity of saprophytic organisms underground,
timber remains sound for a considerable time.
The work at present carried on is limited to the skipping and splitting of large
pillars.    Very little methane is given off, but a considerable amount of dust is liberated A 126 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
in the course of the mining operations, both characteristics probably indicating expansion of the coal. In fact, analyses of the main return air lead to the belief that practically all the inflammable gas found there comes from the abandoned sections. The
ventilation is good. At the time of the December inspection the fan was passing a
total of 92,200 cubic feet per minute against a water-gauge of 3.75 inches, of which
27,500 cubic feet had been circulating through the abandoned 10, 14, and 16 East
sections. The actual quantity supplied to the remaining active workings was 50,700
cubic feet per minute for the use of forty-nine men and six horses.
No explosives are used and all coal is mined by means of pneumatic picks.
No. k Mine.—Overman, John Caufield. Late in 1942 it was decided to open No. 4
seam, on the south side of the gulch, as a means of maintaining an output until the
development of the superincumbent Nos. 9 and 10 seams had progressed sufficiently to
make it possible for these two operations to supply the demand entirely. The coal was
taken to the Coal Creek tipple by a steam locomotive until the Elk River plant was put
into operation, when the procedure was reversed and the output of No. 1 East began to
be hauled in the opposite direction. The thickness of the seam varies within wide
limits and the roof is a rather weak shale, frequently fracturing after the coal has been
extracted, a characteristic rendering careful timbering imperative.
The mine is opened by four parallel entries from which inclines are turned off in
pairs. Development of the area to the dip of the main level has not yet been considered.
The coal is mined with a Goodman short-wall coal-cutter, radial coal-cutting machines
and pneumatic picks, being then blasted with Monobel. In all roadways other than the
main entry, in which a track is maintained up to the face, it is carried away by conveyers and loaded into cars. At present the output is hauled to the surface by horses,
but compressed-air locomotives will have to be introduced for this purpose before very
long; which, however, cannot be done until the high-pressure compressor has been
brought from Coal Creek and has been reinstalled at the new plant.
The mine is ventilated by a 5-foot double-inlet Sirocco fan with steel housing,
driven by an electric motor and passing 40,000 cubic feet of air per minute, against a
water-gauge of 0.4 inch, when exhausting. However, the main intake is also the
haulage-road and, being rather damp, it became encumbered with ice early in the
winter, a condition which was remedied by reversing the direction of the air-current.
Owing to a certain amount of leakage, and to decreased efficiency of the installation
under these conditions, the total quantity circulating had dropped to 32,000 cubic feet
per minute at the time of the December inspection. This was still ample to meet the
requirements of the thirty men and two horses underground.
That methane is given off is proved by the fact that small quantities of it have
been known to accumulate, at some of the most advanced working-faces, when the
ventilation was cut off, but the highest percentage of it found by analysis in the return
air, so far, has been only 0.08.
No. 9 Mine.—Overman, John Caufield. This is intended to provide the main
artery for the most important workings of the new colliery, those of Nos. 9 and 10
seams, and development is being planned with the object of rendering the handling
of a large output possible. This consists of two pairs of main entries, separated by a
pillar to be broken only at long intervals, one serving as intake and the other as return,
from which inclines will be turned off in pairs. In addition, two short slopes are being
driven with the intention of opening a small section of the seam left unbroken between
the abandoned workings of Coal Creek old No. 2 mine and the area now being penetrated.
The workings are ventilated temporarily by a 4-foot single-inlet Sirocco fan, driven
by an electric motor. At the time of the last inspection this was handling 18,000 cubic
feet of air per minute, against the resistance presented by a regulator with an opening
of 6% square feet, in addition to that of the workings. Despite this precaution, ice
was found at a considerable distance from the portals.    At that time, twenty-five men INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 127
were employed underground on the most important shift. Work on the installation of
an 8-foot Jeffrey fan, intended to ventilate these workings eventually, had to be discontinued owing to weather conditions, after the foundations for the fan and motor had
been poured and a part of the lining of the fan-drift had been constructed.
Men and supplies are hoisted over a surface incline, 1,900 feet in length, with an
average gradient of 29 degrees, over a large part of which the track is carried on
trestles owing to the pronounced irregularities of the hillside. The hoist, situated
above the mine entrance, has a 4-foot drum, is driven by a 200-horse-power a.c. motor,
and is equipped with Simplex automatic controls.
In the course of the year, 252,000 lb. of limestone-dust were applied to the roadways of the colliery in order to neutralize the coal-dust.
(49° 114° N.W.) Superintendent, Bernard Caufield; Mine Manager,
Michel Colliery. William Chapman. During 1943 natural difficulties, the scarcity of
experienced labour, and a ten days' strike in the month of November
all combined to prevent the output from attaining the high mark reached in 1942.
A total of 689,521 long tons was mined, of which 32,049 tons were lost in washing (4.65 per cent, of the total). There was also a decrease of 9.77 per cent, in the
production of coke.
The coal is hauled from the loading-points, at the discharge ends of shaking conveyers or belts, by compressed-air locomotives directly to the preparation plant, which
is equipped with three Vissac jigs, four Vissac air driers, and an R.B. pneumatic
separator. Additions made to the surface installation in the course of the year included
a second garage, a farrier's-shop, and a welding-shop, all of fire-proof construction.
At the present time practically all the output is obtained from the workings of "A"
and " B " seams; No. 3 mine being reduced to a small section in the immediate vicinity
of the main level, in which pillar-extraction still continues with an output of little more
than 300 tons per day. The active areas are divided about evenly between the east and
west sides of the syncline and rather steep gradients are being met on the latter. This
involves a transportation problem demanding close consideration when development-
work is being planned. Small faults are not uncommon, they being one of the natural
corollaries of the folding. The roof irregularities, commonly known as " pot-holes,"
are fortunately not met now as frequently as they were in the west section of B seam
now abandoned. The typical form of these blocks separated from the parent stratum,
their orientation and distribution seem to indicate that they owe their origin to stress
applied before complete solidification of the measures.
The most prominent place among the natural difficulties complicating the task of
managing this colliery can easily be assigned to the saprophytic fungi which have
invaded practically all parts of the workings with the exception of the main intakes.
They follow advancing roadways with surprising regularity and destroy the timbering
in a remarkably short time. Their presence also accelerates the impoverishment of the
air in oxygen and its enrichment in carbon dioxide in poorly ventilated sections—i.e., in
goaves—and the presence of traces of ammonia, sometimes perceived in such places
when the temperature has risen somewhat above normal, can be ascribed to their
decomposition.
Six chain long-wall and twenty-seven radial coal-cutting machines are in use and,
taken together, these undercut 394,003 long tons or 57.14 per cent, of the total output
of the colliery for the year. Otherwise, pneumatic picks are in general use, except in
No. 3 mine, where old-style methods of extraction still find favour. Monobel No. 4 is
used in blasting the coal where necessary. In the course of the year 35,500 lb. of this
explosive were used at the coal faces and 7,500 lb. of CXL-ite in rock-work; this representing a total of 53,050 separate shots, seven of which miss-fired. To neutralize coal-
dust, both on roadways and in working-places, 504,000 lb. of ground limestone were
applied during the year. A 128 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
The two main crosscut adits have been extended to meet No. 3 seam on the west
side of the syncline. Development-work there was limited to the driving of a connection between the two main roadways, through the coal.
"A" Seam.—Overman, Walter McKay. The workings of this seam, still supplying
approximately one-half of the total output of the colliery, comprise three active areas
known as the East, West, and South sections respectively. A part of the last-mentioned
district is at present idle and only development-work is in progress in the balance of it.
There the main roadways are gradually advancing into territory belonging to the North
section, now nominally inactive. Development-work has been completed in the lower
part of the latter district and final extraction cannot be undertaken until operations in
the neighbouring areas have reached a more advanced stage. The seam varies in
thickness between 8 and 14 feet and the roof is generally weak.
The East section lies between the trough of the Michel syncline and the crest of a
minor anticline flanking the former on the south-east, the major part of which has been
eroded away. Owing to this geologic feature, the inclines driven off the main level
become constantly shorter. This section has been thoroughly mechanized, as far as
transportation is concerned, and conveyer-belts are installed on the inclines as soon as
room has been made for them. A short-wall coal-cutter and a duckbill loader are in use.
The modified method of retreating long-wall in general use at the colliery is followed in
the final extraction. The roadways show the effects of abnormal weight at several
widely separated points, and the influence possibly exerted by the workings of the
overlying " B " seam in this respect is being studied.
A fault, striking in a general north-and-south direction, divides the upper part of
the West district in two separate areas, in one of which little more of the coal than the
pillars protecting the airways is now remaining. The other, covering a larger territory, is being developed rapidly. There, all the coal is being carried away from the
faces by means of a comprehensive system of conveyer-belts and shaker-conveyers and
is loaded at one point. The roof is weak and careful timbering is necessary. For
some still unsatisfactorily explained reason, this characteristic is more noticeable in
the vicinity of the outcrop than elsewhere in the workings.
The two parallel main return airways belong to this section and show signs of
deterioration evidently due much more to the inherent weakness of the ground and to
the ravages of dry-rot than to the effects of weight thrown upon them by neighbouring
goaves.
The South section, destined to become very extensive, is being developed but slowly
for the reason that, in order to maintain gradients suitable for rope-haulage on the
main inclines, these have to be driven on a broad angle with the direction of the dip,
the seam being rather steeply inclined. The coal is taken from the faces by shaker-
conveyers, in roadways following the strike approximately, the tracks being extended
whenever a place has been advanced 300 feet in this manner. Chutes are built in
splits and raises driven on the full dip of the seam.
At the time of the December inspection the fan was maintaining a water-gauge
of 2.05 inches and was passing 72,000 cubic feet of air per minute, this carrying 0.72
per cent, of methane and having a relative humidity of 93 per cent. Notwithstanding
the low temperature of the workings (maximum of 51° F.) a considerable amount of
condensation is always taking place in the fan-drift. The total quantity of air was
divided between two primary splits, No. 1, or East section, receiving 27,000 cubic feet
per minute for the use of fifty-seven men and four horses. The return air from this
part of the mine carried 0.37 per cent, of methane and had a relative humidity of 85
per cent. In No. 2 split, West and South sections, 30,600 cubic feet per minute were
supplied for the use of seventy men and seven horses. The methane content of the
return air was 1.07 per cent, and its relative humidity was 91 per cent. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 129
" B " Seam.-—Overman, Irving Morgan. Like those of the underlying " A " seam,
the workings of this part of the colliery extend around the north-east end of the Michel
syncline and are divided in two sections, East and South, separated by the old West
district, an area divided in halves by the axis of the trough, at its upper end, now
worked out and abandoned. The inclination of the measures is moderate above the
main level in the East section, becoming somewhat greater in the slope; but it is considerable on the South side, in the upper workings of which it sometimes exceeds 30
degrees. The coal varies in thickness between 4 and 6 feet, and faults involving moderate displacements are not uncommon, the majority of them running approximately
in the same direction as the dip of the seam. The roof is a rather thin bedded shale,
apparently fairly strong at a few points, but oftener concealing many joints and
bedding-planes along which it fractures readily when exposed for some time. However, the " pot-holes," very common in the West section, are not met so frequently now.
The coal gives off methane rather freely, particularly while undercutting is in progress and after blasting. This is especially noticeable in the East side slope workings
where, for this reason, the use of explosives has been discontinued. However, the
liberation of gas becomes often negligible when the coal remains absolutely undisturbed.
Chain long-wall and radial coal-cutting machines are used in the remainder of the mine.
The method of working followed is a form of retreating long-wall, characterized by
the abandonment of so-called " sacrifice " pillars left behind to regulate the descent of
the roof, which has proved itself satisfactory from all points of view after having been
applied for a full decade. The preliminary work consists in dividing the seam into
rectangular blocks, 300 feet long and 100 feet wide, by a system of single roadways
known as " splits," started from rooms following the strike approximately, in which
conveyer-belts are installed or tracks maintained. The extraction begins at the inner
of the panels, a small strip of coal being abandoned on the goaf side of each split as
the work progresses. This method of development implies abundant ventilation. According to the inclination of the seam, the coal undercut by chain machines or mined with
pneumatic picks is either brought to the room by a shaker-conveyer or allowed to slide
on sheet iron laid on the floor to batteries constructed on the upper side of the roadways. There, it is either loaded directly into mine-cars or carried by conveyer-belts to
central loading-points.
The considerable area covered by the workings, the comparatively small thickness
of the seam, and the weak nature of the roof complicate the task of maintaining adequate ventilation, particularly in the winter months. Then, the difference in temperature between the mine and the surface creates a motive column acting against the fan,
on the South side, which reaches an elevation 1,300 feet greater than that of the portal
of the main return. In this section natural ventilation has been used advantageously
in really cold weather.
At the time of the December inspection a total quantity of 50,600 cubic feet per
minute was circulating through this part of the colliery and, in the main return airway,
carried 1.08 per cent, of methane, a percentage to which the East side slope appears to
have been an important contributor. The relative humidity was 93 per cent. This
total was divided between the two sections as follows: East side, 21,000 cubic feet per
minute for fifty men and five horses; South side, 29,600 cubic feet per minute for the
use of fifty men and three horses.
No. 3 Mine.— (49° 114° N.W.) Overman, William Gregory. The area covered
by the active workings of this mine has been dwindling down steadily and is now
represented solely by a small section, extending for a short distance on both sides of
the main level, in which pillar-extraction still continues. Considerable weight is thrown
on the remaining coal, the floor heaves rapidly, the roof, once deemed excellent, is of
doubtful quality when at its best, and the useful life of timber is exceedingly short.
9 A 130 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
It is highly probable that this is the last occasion on which the operation, considered
the most important at Michel for many years, will be mentioned in one of these reports.
At the time of the December inspection 12,500 cubic feet of air per minute were
supplied to the working section for the use of thirty men and four horses. This, sweeping the edges of goaves on its way to the main return, loses oxygen and becomes
enriched in nitrogen and carbon dioxide to a considerable extent. The last sample of
the return air taken in the course of the past year contained 0.18 per cent, of methane
and 4.79 per cent, of black-damp.
No. 3 East Mine.— (49° 114° N.W.) The fire, on account of which this part of
the colliery was sealed off some years ago, remained quiescent throughout the year.
A typical sample of the mixture of gases filling the isolated area contained 1.95 per
cent, of oxygen, 83.49 per cent, of nitrogen, 14.51 per cent, of carbon dioxide, only 0.05
per cent, of methane, and no other combustible gases; which may be considered as indicating the existence of conditions satisfactory in the circumstances.
(49° 114° N.W.)    President, S. G. Blaylock, Trail, B.C.;  Vice-Presi-
C nsolid ted M    dent, R. E. Stavert, Montreal, Que.;   Secretary, J. E. Riley, Montreal,
and S. Co. of Can- Que.;   Comptroller, H. B. Fuller, Trail, B.C.;   Superintendent, R. R.
ada, Ltd., Corbin McNaughton, Trail, B.C.;   Resident Mine Foreman and Acting Man-
Colliery,        ager, Walter Almond, Corbin, B.C.    In the early part of 1943 the
coal reserves at Trail and Kimberley dwindled down in an alarming
manner and it became evident that a critical situation would arise were not some means
of replenishing them found speedily.    In consequence, the company secured a lease on
a part of the Corbin Colliery holdings covering the northern half of Coal mountain,
this including practically the entire area in which former operations were situated.
The remainder of the field, in which the southern half of the No. 6, or eastern, coal
basin presents the greatest possibilities, had previously been leased by another party,
but nothing has been done there up to the present time.
In the month of September it was decided to start operations at the open pit known
as No. 3 mine, from which an appreciable output could be secured immediately by
stripping certain portions of the deposit left behind in former days. Prospecting for
an extension of the Mammoth seam, present under conditions rendering further stripping practical, began at the same time, and, at the end of the year, ten drill-holes with
an aggregate length of 1,782 feet had been sunk for this purpose. Lack of water
compelled the abandonment of this work in the latter half of January, after an additional 311 feet of holes had been drilled.
The method of mining (or rather quarrying) followed is quite simple. Overburden or shale-bands are drilled and blasted with 60 per cent. Polar Ammonia dynamite,
the debris being afterwards either pushed aside with a bulldozer, if the configuration
of the surface permits, or loaded in trucks by one of the power-shovels and carried
away. The coal is then drilled and blasted with Monobel, if necessary, and is loaded
directly into trucks. Monobel, be it said incidentally, is not the most advantageous
explosive for the purpose, but has to be used for the sole reason that stumping-powder
is now unobtainable. From the beginning of operations until the end of the year, 500
lb. of 60-per-cent. Polar Ammonia dynamite, 1,400 lb. of Monobel No. 4, and 25 lb. of
stumping-powder were used in 825 shots (all fired electrically) in both mining operations and road-improvement work.
The chief problem presented by the undertaking is transportation, which depends
entirely on self-propelled vehicles between the mine and the Canadian Pacific Railway
siding at McGillivray. The old road did not possess the essential requisites for traffic
of this kind and, to obviate its deficiencies, the road-bed of the former Eastern British
Columbia Railway was broadened and graded, the bridges were repaired, and thus
a good one-way road was provided for the loaded trucks. That between Corbin and the
mine is now in very good condition, although its rather steep gradient renders careful
driving imperative. On the other hand, the insignificant snowfall, which has given
the present winter its exceptional character, while undoubtedly beneficial as far as INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 131
actual mining operations are concerned, has exerted a detrimental influence upon the
condition of the two roads linking Corbin and McGillivray, as it permitted deep penetration of frost, with consequent heaving of the surface and accumulation of ice at
some points.
A contract covering all loading and transportation has been given to Frank O'Sul-
livan, of Lethbridge, who employs a number of sub-contractors supplying their own
trucks and one of the power-shovels. In all, a total of ninety-six persons is employed,
including the small staff of seven men maintained by the operating company; this
consisting of a mining engineer, the resident mine foreman, who is acting as manager,
two clerks, two electricians, and a tractor-driver.
As is to be expected, a truck runs into difficulties occasionally and has to dump its
load on the roadside. Up to the end of the year a total of 891.5 tons had been jettisoned
in this manner, while 4,935.5 tons had been stored at McGillivray. In the same period
29,583 tons were delivered to Trail and Kimberley and 93.5 tons were used at the camp.
The total production amounted to 35,503 long tons (the unit in which all the foregoing
distribution of output has been computed).
The mechanical equipment includes two power-shovels, a bulldozer, two portable
air-compressors, fifty trucks, and four portable electric plants, of which one is used
at the mine, one at the loading-point at McGillivray, and two at the camp. Towards
the end of the year an electric generator with a capacity of 156 k.v.a., driven by a 205-
horse-power Ruston Diesel engine, was installed with the primary object of supplying
power for the screening plant which was then nearly completed and has since been put
into operation.
The old building formerly housing the cleaning plant has been rehabilitated and
equipped with a Ty-Rock screen dividing the mine run into three sizes—lump, stoker,
and slack. The coal brought from the mine by trucks is dumped in a covered chute
leading first onto a bar screen on which the larger pieces are broken by hand. It is
then hoisted to the screens by means of a 36-inch conveyer-belt and the various sizes
are dropped into separate bins from which they are loaded into the trucks conveying
them to McGillivray. Only slack and stoker sizes are in demand for industrial uses
and the lump coal will probably be sold for domestic purposes. The construction of
a cleaning plant is being considered but, in common with other improvements now being
mooted, this is contingent upon the results of prospecting operations.
The operation presents interest in more respects than one for, up to the present
time, only 3.9 per cent, of the estimated tonnage in the field has been extracted. It is
certain that the complexity of the geologic structure would render a large proportion
of the remaining coal economically inaccessible, but there must also be much of it still
awaiting development, even though the former operations, having involved most of the
easily reached segments of the Mammoth seam, may have erected more or less effective
barriers against further penetration.
When operations were resumed the management was confronted with the problem
of providing living accommodation for the working force as well as that of erecting
speedily some structures indispensable to the successful prosecution of the work. Many
buildings had been taken down while the colliery was idle and the great majority of
the remainder was badly dilapidated. Since then the old cleaning plant has been
restored to service as far as screening is concerned, a small power-house, an office building, a cook-house, with annex used as living quarters by the kitchen help, an ambulance-room and two garages, offering storage space for sixty trucks, have been constructed. The church and a remodelled warehouse have been equipped as bunk-houses
and a number of former private dwellings have been rehabilitated and are now occupied
by some of the men who have brought in their families. The water-supply is scanty
and, owing to the partial freezing of the main pipe-line, is poorly distributed, a matter
which shall be first to claim attention when weather conditions permit the necessary
work to be undertaken. A 132
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES.
BY
James Dickson.
PRODUCTION.
The output of metalliferous mines for 1943 was 5,429,557 tons. This tonnage was
produced from forty-eight mines, of which thirty-two produced 100 tons or more.
FATAL ACCIDENTS IN METALLIFEROUS MINES   (INCLUDING
UNDERGROUND PLACER-MINING AND QUARRIES).
There were thirteen fatal accidents in and around metalliferous mines and concentrators in 1943, being a decrease of one from 1942. There were no fatalities in
the quarries and one fatality at a sawmill at one of the placer-mines and one on highway where blasting was being done.
There were 4,093 persons under and above ground in the metalliferous mines and
891 persons in the concentrators in 1943. The ratio of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons
employed was 2.60 compared with 2.41 in 1942.
The tonnage mined per fatal accident during 1943 was 417,658 tons compared with
407,734 tons in 1942. The tonnage mined per fatal accident during the last ten-year
period was 434,048 tons.
The following table shows the mines at which fatal accidents occurred during 1943
and the comparative figures for 1942:—
Mining Division.
Mine.
No of Fatal
Accidents.
1943.
1942.
3
1
1
3
3
2
2
Island Mountain	
Fort Steele.  	
13
14
Of the thirteen fatal accidents in and around the metalliferous mines in the Province during 1943 only one occurred to a new man, all the others had had considerable
experience in their particular line of work and in most of the following details it will
be noted that greater care on the part of the men killed would have averted the
accidents.
The fatal accident which occurred to Charles Pearson, miner, Pinchi Lake Mercury
Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on January 18th
was due to a fall of ground which killed him instantly.
The place had been barred down and the deceased was drilling his second hole when
the fall occurred, exposing ground slips that previously were not visible.
The fatal accident which occurred to James Milne, miner, Pinchi Lake Mercury
Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on January 25th INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES. A 133
was due to a slide of muck following a fall of ground in a stope where deceased and his
partner were barring loose muck into a chute.
This slope had not been worked for a number of weeks and only the loose muck was
being dealt with.
Deceased was struck by some of the moving rock and sustained injuries from which
he died about two hours later.
The fatal accident which occurred to Harold Swan, pipeman, Sullivan Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on March 11th was due
to a fractured skull sustained when he slid down the floor of a slope and into a raise.
Deceased had been working on a pipe-line laid along a hog-back trail between two slopes
when he was seen to throw up his hands and fall from the trail. There was no evidence
that anything had struck him and none of the several men in the immediate vicinity
noticed anything unusual that would account for his falling. He died within a few
minutes of his injury.
The fatal accident which occurred to Peter Buzan, barman, Sullivan Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on March 11th was due
to deceased being thrown from the top of a 30-foot ladder in a stope. He had drilled
a jack-hammer hole into some loose ground when a piece of the ground fell and struck
the guy-wires steadying the ladder. The sudden strain on the guy-wire jerked the
ladder and caused deceased to be thrown off. His head struck a rock on the floor of the
stope and he died instantly.
The fatal accident which occurred to Louis Ernai Johansen, chief electrician,
Premier Mine, Silbak Premier Mining Company, on March 25th was due to deceased
being crushed between an ore-train and the side of No. 4 tunnel near the 601 shaft.
Deceased and his assistant went into No. 4 tunnel for the purpose of inspecting the
electric hoist at the 601 shaft and were accompanied by a dog owned by Johansen.
Near the inner end of the tunnel they saw an ore-train coming out and both men took
shelter in a wide part of the tunnel but the dog stayed on the track. Johansen left his
place of safety to rescue the dog and was caught and crushed between the ore-train and
the side of the tunnel and suffered injuries from which he died in a few minutes.
This tunnel is protected by a system of lights which show when a train is in motion.
The mine foreman had previously warned deceased to keep his dog out of the mine as
it was likely to get injured or cause injuries to some one. The dog escaped injury in
the above accident.
The fatal accident which occurred to A. Ross, electrician, Britannia Mining and
Smelting Company, on April 12th was due to deceased falling from the 4,100 station
of No. 8 sinking shaft to the bottom, a distance of 500 feet. The deceased and the
shiftboss had come down on the bucket from the 4,000 station to the 4,100 station.
Both men were standing on the rim of the bucket and holding on to the hoisting-rope.
When the bucket stopped at the 4,100 station the deceased started to get off the bucket.
He was carrying a carbide lamp in his hand and had a small box of electrical supplies
with him which probably prevented him from having the free use of his hands to
assure a safe landing from the bucket.
The fatal accident which occurred to John Lutz, labourer, Kelowna Exploration
Company, Limited, on April 15th was due to deceased drinking some cyanide solution
from a jar on the cyanide operator's desk in the concentrator. The deceased was a new
man and had started work only one hour before and was being shown his prospective
duties in the mill by an old employee. He had already been shown where to obtain
drinking-water from a constantly running tap which was plainly marked " Drinking
Water." When the older employee returned after having left Lutz for a few minutes
the latter was in difficulty and on being questioned as to what was wrong he pointed
to the cyanide operator's desk. The standard antidote was immediately administered
and artificial respiration applied together with oxygen, and medical service was given A 134 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
soon after, but Lutz died. No reason could be deduced for his action in drinking the
cyanide solution.
The fatal accident which occurred to Thomas Koski, miner, Pinchi Lake Mercury
Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on April 19th
was due to deceased being carried down a raise by a slide of loose muck which he was
barring into the raise from a surface glory-hole in daylight. Deceased and his partner
were supplied with safety-ropes and instructed to use them and did so until a few
minutes before the accident when deceased discarded his safety-rope and continued to
work without it.    He was killed instantly by the moving muck.
The fatal accident which occurred to A. W. Male, brakeman, Britannia Mining and
Smelting Company, Limited, on June 3rd was due to deceased contacting the overhead
electric trolley-wire on the 4,100 tunnel near Victoria shaft. The deceased had climbed
on the electric locomotive to sit on the top while the locomotive was stationary.
The motorman noticed that Male appeared to be in distress and Male told him that he
had contacted the trolley-wire and " was going to pass out." He then became unconscious. The motorman moved Male on to the ground and immediately telephoned for
assistance which arrived within a few minutes when artificial respiration was applied,
but deceased did not respond. The trolley-wire at the point where deceased contacted
it was 6 feet 1 inch above the rail-level and is at one side between the track and the
wall of the tunnel.
The death of Joseph Starcevich, Sullivan Mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited, on June 15th resulted from a collision between a supply
train he was driving and a standing train on the electric trolley haulage. Both drivers
had started out with the understanding that the first train would govern the speed and
stops. At the time of the collision, the first train had stopped for switching purposes.
Starcevich's train was proceeding slowly but apparently he did not apply his brake in
time to bring his train to a stop. A long timber projecting from the rear car of the
standing train crushed him in the pit of the locomotive, and he died ten hours later.
The tunnel is well illuminated by stationary electric lights and the locomotive's headlight was in operation.
The fatal accident which occurred to Albert B. Armstrong, surface labourer,
Silbak Premier Mines, Limited, on June 28th was due to the deceased being struck
by a timber from an abandoned bridge which he was demolishing. Deceased and
another man were pulling down one of the old bents and he failed to get clear when
the timber fell.    Death was instantaneous.
A fatal accident occurred to George M. Sinclair, mine foreman, Island Mountain
Mines, Limited, on August 24th when he was struck by a small timber skip which fell
down a raise when the hoisting-rope had broken.    Death was practically instantaneous.
Because the raise is not straight it is sometimes necessary when hoisting long
timbers to stop the skip and adjust them. Deceased had issued orders to the men that
no one was to enter the skipway below the skip or when it was in motion, but on this
occasion he had apparently entered the skipway while the skip was being hoisted and
was still there when the rope broke and allowed the skip to fall. The skip and timber
weighed 200 lb. and the rope used was three-eighths of an inch in diameter.
The fatal accident which occurred to Dudley Dale, sawmill-worker, Noland Mine,
Atlin, on September 11th was due to deceased being struck by the exposed end of the
fly-wheel shaft of a 10-horse-power gas-engine used to furnish power for a small sawmill used principally for the cutting of mine-timber. This sawmill is in the open with
only a makeshift roof over the engine and the whole installation is of a very temporary
nature.
The fatal accident which occurred to H. Rolin, miner, Britannia Mining and Smelting Company, Limited, on October 14th was due to a fall of ground while engaged in INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES. A 135
barring down his working-place in preparation for setting up his drilling-machine.
Deceased died from his injuries about twelve hours later.
The fatal accident which occurred to Henry Kashela, labourer, Rayner Construction
Company, Section 2, Prince Rupert, Cedarvale Highway, on May 2nd was due to the
collapse of a bank of earth and rock alongside the highway which he was scaling down
at the time. Safety belts and ropes were provided on this project but apparently no
instructions or efforts had been made by those in charge to see that these safety
appliances were used.
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES.
On January 9th at No. 2 shaft, Pioneer Mine, while a new hoistman was being
trained to operate the hoist he forgot to reverse after hoisting one of the skips out of
the dump, with the result that he ran the skip too high to where it was stopped by the
overwind switch. Two guides were broken but no further damage was suffered by the
installation.    No person was injured by this occurrence.
On February 2nd at the Crown shaft, Bralorne Mines, while the hoistman was
making a test run with one of the cages in the shaft, preliminary to handling men, he
found that the brake on one drum did not function. Quickly throwing in the clutch
of the stationary drum he brought the moving cage to rest by that means. It was then
discovered that a piece of concrete had broken off the side of the brake weight pit and
caused the weights operating the brake to become locked in the pit. No person was
injured by this occurrence.
On September 22nd at the Sullivan Mines, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, the hanging-wall on a large stope collapsed and the cave-in
which followed filled a space of about 300,000 cubic yards in that and adjacent stopes.
The resulting air-blast did some damage to underground installations such as pipe-lines
and other equipment. No person was seriously injured by the air-blast although
several men were rolled along the floor by the pressure. Seventy-five men who were
having their lunch in an underground lunch-room in the vicinity were uninjured.
The hanging-wall which collapsed was at a point 650 feet below the surface where the
cave-in left a depression 500 feet long, 300 feet wide, and 120 feet deep.
EXPLOSIVES USED IN MINES.
During 1943 the further curtailment of mining resulted in a reduced consumption
of explosives used in British Columbia metalliferous mines and in quarries. This
consisted of 3,888,000 lb. of high explosives; 1,360,000 fuse detonators; 41,000 electric
detonators; 11,750 delay detonators; 68,500 feet of primacord, and 9,767,000 feet of
safety fuse. The above explosive supplies are approximately one-half of the normal
amount used in British Columbia mines.
During the year the Inspectors of Mines supervised the removal or destruction of
small amounts of explosives which had been overlooked in the search for explosives at
abandoned properties during the past few years.
AIR-SAMPLING.
Air-samples were taken in cases where conditions indicated the possibility of
noxious gases, such as carbon monoxide or nitrous oxide, being present or the oxygen
content being below normal. No dangerous conditions were found from this viewpoint although in some cases augmented ventilation was ordered by the Inspector.
DUST AND VENTILATION.
Fan ventilation is now standard at all the larger mines and the general practice is
that the various operators, from their experience gained during the past few years with A 136
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
the advantages of general power ventilation, install fans as soon as required for general
ventilation.
The ventilation of long single drifts still presents difficulties, but here also general
improvement is noted in the use of larger auxiliary fans and larger diameter
ventilation-pipes.
The miners and other employees are also more conscious of the safety provided by
the use of water when drilling and in wetting the muck after blasting, although many
have to be reminded of this safety measure throughout the year.
SAFETY AND FIRST-AID WORK.
The Mine Safety Associations in the different mining areas of the Province carried
on and fostered first-aid work and safety education in their respective districts of
Vancouver Island, Britannia, Princeton, East Kootenay, and Bridge River, to which
work the safety engineers at the various mines and the District Inspectors of Mines
added their efforts throughout 1943.
In addition to their other activities, the above associations held first-aid and safety
demonstrations at which not only the men engaged in the mines took part, but also
many ladies, girls, and boys so that the value of safety and first aid is being realized
beyond the immediate needs of the mines.
While the success of this work depends very largely on the efforts of the personnel
of the above Mine Safety Associations, the Department of Mines by means of financial
grants supplies most of the funds required to meet any necessary expenses.
During the year the reduced number of the younger men employed at the mines
was reflected by some falling off in the number who took special training in the different
branches of safety-work, such as mine-rescue training, first-aid courses, and safety
meetings. This same cause has resulted in the age of mine employees to-day being
raised much above the average and this in turn has resulted in an increased accident
ratio. To a very limited extent the loss of the younger experienced men has been offset
by new inexperienced men who in most cases were not eligible for the armed forces.
Some of these new men may be assimilated in the mining industry, but most of them
look on mining as a temporary employment.
The loss of the younger experienced men has resulted in an increased accident ratio
as older men have, in many instances, had to take over work in transportation and
other departments which was more suitable for the younger men.
There has been a definite increase in the type of accident where only greater care
on the part of the individual would ensure safety. It may be that the indirect strain of
war is tending to prevent many of the men from keeping fully alert at all times to the
potential dangers of their work underground. LIST OF PUBLICATIONS. A 137
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
The following publications of the Department are available for distribution:—
INDEXES.
Index to Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines of British Columbia for the
years 1874 to 1936, inclusive. (By H. T. Nation.) Paper bound, $1; cloth
bound, $2.
Index to Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, 1937-1942. And Bulletins Nos.
1-17.    Paper bound copies, 50 cents each.    Cloth bound copies, $1 each.
Corrigendum, Index to Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, 1874-1936.
ANNUAL REPORTS.
Paper bound copies, free: 1897, 1901, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917,
1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933, 1934,
1935, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942; Parts A to F for the years 1936, 1937, 1938.
Paper bound copies at 50 cents each: 1907, 1913, 1930, 1931.
Cloth bound copies at $1 each: 1899, 1915, 1916, 1919, 1928, 1929, 1932, 1933,
1934, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, 1940, 1941, 1942.
BULLETINS, OLD SERIES.
Bulletin No. 2, 1918:  Bumps and Outbursts of Gas.    (By George S. Rice.)
Bulletin No. 2, 1919:   The Commercial Feasibility of Electric Smelting of Iron
Ores in British Columbia.    (By Alfred Stansfield.)
Bulletin No. 2,1932: Report on McConnell Creek Placer Area.    (By Douglas Lay.)
MISCELLANEOUS.
Special Reports on Coal-mine Explosions.    (By George Wilkinson, Thomas Graham,
and James Ashworth.)    1918.
Report on Snowflake and Waverley-Tangier Mineral Properties.    (By J. D. Galloway.)    1928.
Report  on  Mineral  Properties  of the  Goldside  Mining  Company.     (By  B.   T.
O'Grady.)    1935.
Elementary Geology Applied to Prospecting.     (By John F. Walker.)    1937.    35
cents.
Possibilities for Manufacture of Mineral Wool in British Columbia.    (By J. M.
Cummings.)    1937.
Lode-gold Deposits of the Zeballos Area.    (By J. S. Stevenson.)    1938.
Prospectors'  Guide for Strategic Minerals in  Canada.    (Third  Edition.)     (By
Mines and Geology Branch,  Department of Mines and Resources,  Ottawa,
Canada.)    1942.
Prices noted against the following publications are charged only when they are
sent outside of British Columbia:—
Notes on Placer-mining in British Columbia. (By Officers of the Department.)
1938, reprinted in 1943.    (25 cents.)
Preliminary Investigations into Possibilities for Producing Silica Sand from British Columbia Sand Deposits.    (By J. M. Cummings.)    1941.    (50 cents.) A 138 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
BULLETINS, NEW SERIES.
1940.
Bulletin No. 1:   Aiken Lake Area, North-Central B.C.    (By Douglas Lay.)     (25
cents.)
Bulletin No. 2:   Placer-gold Deposits, Wheaton (Boulder) Creek, Cassiar District.
(By Stuart S. Holland.)    (25 cents.)
Bulletin No. 3:  Fraser River Tertiary Drainage-history in relation to Placer-gold
Deposits.   I.    (By Douglas Lay.)    (25 cents.)
Bulletin No. 4:   Saline and Hydromagnesite Deposits of British Columbia.    (By
J. M. Cummings.)     (65 cents.)
Bulletin No. 5:  Mercury Deposits of British Columbia.    (By John S. Stevenson.)
(35 cents.)
Bulletin No. 6:   Geology of Camp McKinney and the Cariboo Amelia Mine.    (By
M. S. Hedley.)     (25 cents.)
Bulletin No. 7:   Lode-gold Deposits of the Upper Lemon Creek Area and Lyle
Creek—Whitewater Mine Area, Kootenay District.    (By R. J. Maconachie.)
(25 cents.)
Bulletin No. 8: Preliminary Report on the Bedwell River Area.   (By H. Sargent.)
(25 cents.)
Bulletin No. 9:  Molybdenite in British Columbia.    (By John S. Stevenson.)    (35
cents.) 194L
Bulletin No. 10: Tungsten Deposits of British Columbia.   (Revised.)    (By John S.
Stevenson and Staff of Department of Mines.)    (65 cents.)
Bulletin No. 11:  Fraser River Tertiary Drainage-history in relation to Placer-gold
Deposits.   II.    (By Douglas Lay.)    (35 cents.)
Bulletin No. 12:   Reconnaissance in the Area of Turnagain and Upper Kechika
Rivers.    (By M. S. Hedley and Stuart S. Holland.)    (35 cents.)
Bulletin No. 13:  Supplementary Report on Bedwell River Area.    (By H. Sargent.)
(35 cents.)
Bulletin No. 14:   Coal Analyses of British Columbia.    (By James Dickson.)    (10
cents.) 1942>
Bulletin No. 15: Hydraulic Mining Methods.    (By Stuart S. Holland.)    (35 cents.)
Bulletin No. 16:   Dragline Dredging Methods.     (By Stuart S. Holland.)     (10
CentS-} 1943.
Bulletin No. 17:   An Introduction to Metal-mining in British Columbia.     (By
Officers of the Department.)
IN COURSE OF PREPARATION.
Specimens and Samples, their Treatment and Use.
Tuya-Teslin Area, North-western British Columbia.
On General Geology and Lode-gold Occurrences;  for the Use of Prospectors.
SPECIAL REPORTS.
Special reports and drawings relating to several properties were advertised as
available in the Annual Reports 1936 to 1941, inclusive. These reports and maps have
not been printed. Those still available will be supplied, as mimeographed copies of
the texts and ozalid prints of drawings, at charges from 25 cents each upward. A list
of Special Reports available will be supplied on request. Requests for the reports,
accompanied by the proper sum, should be addressed to the Chief Mining Engineer. LIST OF LIBRARIES. A 139
LIST OF LIBRARIES.
All Department publications are being sent to the following Government departments and Legislative, University, and Public Libraries:—
CANADA.
Government Departments—
Department of Secretary of State, Ottawa—Library.
Department of  Mines  and  Resources,  Ottawa—Library  of the  Bureau  of
Geology and Topography.
Department of Mines, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Department of Lands and Mines, Fredericton, New Brunswick.
Department of Mines, Quebec, Quebec.
Department of Mines, Toronto, Ontario.
Department of Mines and Natural Resources, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Department of Natural Resources, Regina, Saskatchewan.
Department of Lands and Mines, Edmonton, Alberta.
Legislative Libraries—
Library of Parliament, Ottawa.
Legislative Library, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Legislative Library, Fredericton, New Brunswick.
Legislative Library, Quebec, Quebec.
Legislative Library, Toronto, Ontario.
Legislative Library, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Legislative Library, Regina, Saskatchewan.
Legislative Library, Edmonton, Alberta.
University Libraries—
Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Acadia University, Wolfville, Nova Scotia.
Laval University, Quebec, Quebec.
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec.
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario.
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, B.C.
Public Libraries—
Public Library, Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Public Library, Montreal, Quebec.
Public Library, Toronto, Ontario.
Public Library, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Public Library, Regina, Saskatchewan.
Public Library, Edmonton, Alberta.
Public Library, Calgary, Alberta.
Public Library, New Westminster, B.C.
Public Library, Nelson, B.C.
Public Library, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Public Library, Prince George, B.C.
ENGLAND.
British Columbia House, Regent Street, London, England.
Canada House, London, England. A 140
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
SOUTH AFRICA.
Public Library, Johannesburg, South Africa.
AUSTRALIA.
Public Library, Sydney, Australia.
UNITED STATES.
Government Departments and Legislative Libraries—
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Bureau of Mines, Washington, D.C.
United States Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.
California State Division of Mines, Ferry Building, San Francisco, California.
Oregon State Bureau of Mines, Salem, Oregon.
Washington State Bureau of Mines, Olympia, Washington.
Idaho State Bureau of Mines, Boise, Idaho.
University Libraries—
Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
University of California, Berkeley, California.
Oregon State College, Corvallis, Oregon.
University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (College of Mines).
University of Nevada (Mackay School of Mines), Reno, Nevada.
Public Libraries—
New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.
Free Library, Philadelphia, Pa.
Public Library, Boston, Mass.
Public Library, Los Angeles, California.
Public Library, San Francisco, California.
Library Association of Portland, Portland, Oregon.
Public Library, Seattle, Washington.
Public Library, Spokane, Washington. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 141
SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS AND LAWS RELATING TO MINING.
(The complete Acts may be obtained from the King's Printer,
Victoria, B.C.)
DEPARTMENT OF MINES ACT.
The " Department of Mines Act" empowers the Minister of Mines to organize the
Department or to reorganize it from time to time to meet changing conditions in the
mining industry. It provides for examination and certification of assayers; for the
conducting of short courses of lectures in practical geology and mineralogy; and for
the purchase of ore from the Provincial sampling plants. The said Act also provides
for the expenditure of public moneys for the construction, reconstruction, or repair of
trails, roads, and bridges to facilitate the exploration of the mineral resources of any
mining district, or in the operation and development of any mining property.
MINERAL ACT AND PLACER-MINING ACT.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Free miners' certificates must be obtained before any person can prospect for
mineral and locate and record mineral claims in British Columbia.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint-stock company incorporated or registered in British Columbia, may obtain a free miner's certificate on payment of the
required fee.
The fee to an individual for a free miner's certificate is $5 for one year. To
a joint-stock company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a year is $50;
if capitalized beyond this, the fee is $100. If the company has no stated capitalization,
the fee is $100.
The free miners' certificates run from date of issue and expire on the 31st day of
May next after its date, or some subsequent 31st day of May (that is to say, a certificate may be taken out a year or more in advance if desired). Certificates may be
obtained for any part of a year, terminating on May 31st, for a proportionately less fee.
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder to enter upon all lands of the
Crown, and upon any other lands on which the right to so enter is not specially reserved,
for the purpose of prospecting for minerals, locating claims, and mining.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate to lapse, his mining property
(if not Crown-granted) reverts to the Crown (subject to the conditions set out in the
next succeeding paragraph), but where other free miners are interested as partners
or co-owners the interest of the defaulter becomes vested in the continuing co-owners
or partners pro rata, according to their interests.
Six months' extension of time within which to revive title in mining property
which has been forfeited through the lapse of a free miner's certificate is allowed.
This privilege is given only if the holder of the property obtains a special free miner's
certificate within six months after the 31st of May on which his ordinary certificate
lapsed. The fee for this special certificate in the case of a person is $15 and in that
of a company $300.
It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such, in an incorporated mining company
to be the holder of a free miner's certificate.
Mineral Act.
All minerals occurring in place are acquired under the " Mineral Act," but limestone, marble, clay, sand, gravel, earth, building or construction stone, coal, petroleum,
and natural gas are not considered as mineral. A 142 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
A mineral claim is a piece of land not exceeding in area fifty-one and sixty-five
one-hundredths acres. The angles must be right angles unless the boundaries, or one
of them, are the same as those of a previously recorded claim.
No special privileges are allowed for the discovery of new mineral claims or
districts.
A mineral claim is located by erecting two " legal posts," which are stakes having
a height of not less than 4 feet above ground and squared 4 inches at least on each face
for not less than a foot from the top. A tree-stump so cut and squared also constitutes
a legal post. A cairn of stones not less than 4 feet in height and not less than 1 foot
in diameter 4 feet above the ground may also be used as a legal post. Upon each of
these posts must be written the name of the claim, the name of the locator, and the
date of location.    On No. 1 post, in addition, the following must be written:   " Initial
post.    Direction of Post No. 2  [giving approximate compass-bearing] feet of
this claim lie on the right and feet on the left of the line from No. 1 to No. 2
posts." Numbered metal identification tags must be attached to both posts at the time
of staking.
The location-line between Nos. 1 and 2 posts must be distinctly marked—in a timbered locality by blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by monuments of earth or rock not less than 2 feet in diameter at the base, and at least 2 feet
high—so that the line can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining Recorder's office for the mining
division in which they are situate within fifteen days from the date of location, one
day extra being allowed for each 10 miles of distance from the recording office after
the first 10 miles. If a claim is not recorded in time it is deemed abandoned and open
for relocation, but if the original locator wishes to relocate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the district and upon the payment of a fee of $10.
This applies also to a claim abandoned for any reason whatever. A free miner can
hold, by location, during any period of twelve months, eight mineral claims within a
radius of 10 miles, and may acquire others by purchase.
Mineral claims are, until the Crown grant is issued, held practically on a yearly
lease, a condition of which is that during such year assessment-work be performed on
the same to the value of at least $100, or a payment of such sum be made to the Mining
Recorder. Such assessments must be recorded before the expiration of the year, or
the claim is deemed abandoned. If, however, the required assessment-work has been
performed within the year, but not recorded within that time, a free miner may, within
thirty days thereafter, record such assessment-work upon payment of an additional fee
of $10. The actual cost of the survey of a mineral claim, to an amount not exceeding
$100, may also be recorded as assessment-work. If, during any year, work is done to
a greater extent than the required $100, any further sum of $100—but not less—may
be recorded and counted as further assessments; such excess work must be recorded
during the year in which it is performed. All work done on a mineral claim between
the time of its location and recording may be counted as work done during the first
period of one year from the recording. As soon as assessment-work to the extent of
$500 is recorded and a survey made of the claim, the owner of a mineral claim is entitled
to a Crown grant on payment of a fee of $25, and giving the necessary notices required
by the Act. Liberal provisions are also made in the Act for obtaining mill-sites and
other facilities in the way of workings and drains for the better working of claims.
Placer-mining Act.
In the " Placer-mining Act" " mineral" is defined as in the " Mineral Act," but
includes only mineral occurring in any natural unconsolidated material, excluding
mineral in place. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A. 143
Under the " Placer-mining Act " a free miner may locate, in any period of twelve
consecutive months, one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim
or leasehold for each of three free miners for whom he acts as agent on any separate
creek, river-bed, bar or dry diggings. Other placer claims or leaseholds may be
acquired by purchase.    Placer claims are of four classes, as follows:—
" ' Creek diggings ': any mine in the bed of any stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings ': any mine between high- and low-water marks on a river, lake,
or other large body of water:
" ' Dry diggings ': any mine over which water never extends."
The following provisions as to extent of the various classes of claims are made by
the Act:—
" In ' creek diggings' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet long, measured
in the direction of the general course of the stream, and shall extend in width
one thousand feet, measured from the general course of the stream five hundred feet on either side of the centre thereof:
" In ' bar diggings ' a claim shall be:—
"(a.)  A piece of land not exceeding two hundred and fifty feet square on any
bar which is covered at high water;  or
"(&.)  A strip of land two hundred and fifty feet long at high-water mark, and
in width extending from high-water mark to extreme low-water mark:
" In ' dry diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet square."
The following provision is made for new discoveries of placer-mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discovers a new locality for the
prosecution of placer-mining and such discovery be established to the satisfaction of
the Gold Commissioner, placer claims of the following sizes shall be allowed to such
discoverers, namely:—
" To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length;
" To a party of two discoverers, two claims amounting together
to  1,000 feet in length;
" And to each member of a party beyond two in number, a claim of the ordinary
size only.
" The width of such claims shall be the same as ordinary placer claims of the same
class: Provided that where a discovery claim has been established in any locality no
further discovery shall be allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the
watercourses."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible rectangular in form, and marked
by four legal posts at the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On each of such
posts shall be written the name of the locator, the number and date of issue of his free
"miner's certificate, the date of the location, and the name given to the claim. In timbered localities boundary-lines of a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be
distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and the locator shall also erect legal posts not more
than 125 feet apart on all boundary-lines. In localities where there is no timber or
underbrush, monuments of earth and rock, not less than 2 feet high and 2 feet in
diameter at base, may be erected in lieu of the last-mentioned legal posts, but not in
the case of the four legal posts marking the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division within which the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location
thereof, if located within 10 miles of the office of the Mining Recorder by the most
direct means of travel. One additional day shall be allowed for every 10 miles additional or fraction thereof. The number of days shall be counted inclusive of the days
upon which such location was made, but exclusive of the day of application for record.
The application for such record shall be under oath and in the form set out in the
PROVINC1AI    LIBRARY
VICTOR   • S. C. A 144 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
Schedule to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded within the prescribed
period shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
To hold a placer claim for more than one year it must be rerecorded before the
expiration of the record or rerecord.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner, or some one on his behalf, continuously, as far as practicable, during working-hours. If work is discontinued for a
period of seven days, except during the close season, lay-over, leave of absence, sickness, or for some other reason to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim
is deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner upon proof being given to him
that the supply of water is insufficient to work the claim. Under similar circumstances
he has also the power to declare a close season, by notice in writing and published in
the Gazette, for all or any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain licences are also
granted by him on the person applying giving security for any damage that may arise.
Grants of right-of-way for the.construction of tunnels or drains across other claims
are also granted on payment of a fee of $25, the owner of the claims crossed having
the right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may be constructed. These tolls,
however, are, so far as the amount goes, under the discretion of the Gold Commissioner.
Placer-mining Leases.
Under the " Placer-mining Act" a free miner may locate, in any period of twelve
consecutive months, one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim
or leasehold for each of three free miners for whom he acts as agent on any separate
creek, river-bed, bar or dry diggings. Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired
by purchase.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands approximately 80 acres in extent may be granted
by the Gold Commissioner of the district after location has been made by staking along
a " location-line " not more than one-half a mile (2,640 feet) in length. In this line one
bend, or change of direction, is permitted. Where a straight line is followed two posts
only are necessary—namely, an " initial post" and a " final post." Where there is a
change of direction a legal post must be placed to mark the point of the said change.
The leasehold is allowed a width not in excess of one-quarter mile (1,320 feet), and the
locator, both on his " initial post" and in his notice of intention to apply, which is
posted at the office of the Mining Recorder, is required to state how many feet are
included in the location to the right and how many feet to the left of the location-line.
That section of the Act dealing with the staking of placer-mining leases follows :■—
" 105. (1.) For the purpose of locating a placer leasehold, a line to be known as
the ' location-line' shall be marked on the ground by placing a legal post at each end,
one post to be known as the ' Initial Post' and the other as the ' Final Post.' The
direction of the location-line may change at not more than one point throughout its
length, and an intermediate legal post shall be placed at the point at which the direction
changes. The total length of the location-line, following its change of direction (if
any), shall not exceed two thousand six hundred and forty feet.
"(2.) Upon the initial post and the final post shall be written the words ' Initial
Post' and ' Final Post' respectively, together with the name of the locator and the
date of the location. On the initial post shall also be written the approximate compass-
bearing of the final post, and a statement of the number of feet of the leasehold lying
on the right and on the left of the location-line, as viewed from the initial post, not
exceeding in the aggregate a width of thirteen hundred and twenty feet, thus: ' Direction of Final Post, . feet of this claim lie on the right and feet
on the left of the location-line.' In addition to the foregoing, where there is a change
of direction in the location-line as marked on the ground, the number ' 1 ' shall be SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 145
written on the initial post; the number ' 2 ' shall be written on the intermediate post;
and the number ' 3 ' shall be written on the final post. There also shall be affixed to
the initial post a notice to the following effect, namely: 'Application will be made under
the " Placer-mining Act " for a lease of the ground within this location.'
"(3.) The location-line shall at the time of location be marked between the legal
posts throughout its length so that it can be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality, by
blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in a locality where there is neither timber
nor underbrush, by placing legal posts or monuments of earth or stones not less than
two feet high and not less than two feet in diameter at the base, so that the location-
line can be distinctly seen.
"(4.) Where, from the nature or shape of the surface of the ground, it is impracticable to mark the location-line of a leasehold as provided by this section, the leasehold may be located by placing legal posts as witness-posts, as near as possible to the
location-line, and writing on each witness-post the distance and compass-bearing of
some designated point on the location-line from the witness-post; and the distances
and compass-bearing so written on the witness-posts shall be set out in the application
for the lease and in any lease granted thereon.
"(5.) The locator shall, within thirty days after the date of the location, post a
notice in Form I in the office of the Mining Recorder, which notice shall set out:—
"(a.)  The name of the intending applicant or each applicant if more than one,
and the numbers of their free miners' certificates:
"(b.)  The date of the location:
"(c.)  The number of feet lying to the right and left of the location-line, and
the approximate area or size of the ground.
10 A 146
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
" Examples op Various Methods of laying out Placer Leaseholds.
" Showing Areas secured with Location-lines of Various Lengths.
Final Posit-..
Final Post
Initial Post
Initial  Post-'
Initial PostNo
Final Post
r200P^-N0.3
The words written on the initial post and final post shall be set out in full in the notice;
and as accurate a description as possible of the ground to be acquired shall be given,
having special reference to any prior locations it may join, and the general locality of
the ground to be acquired."
Another provision is that there must be affixed to the " initial post" and to the
" final post" a numbered metal identification tag furnished by the Mining Recorder
with each free miner's certificate issued. These tags must be attached to the posts or
placed in a container within a cairn, at the time of location.
The annual rental on a placer-mining lease is $30, and the amount to be expended
annually on development-work is $250.
Authority also has been given for the granting of special placer-mining leases in
locations other than has been defined.
For more detailed information the reader is referred to the complete ".Placer-
mining Act," which may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 147
Table of Fees, Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
Individual free miner's certificate, annual fee  $5.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less), annual fee  50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital over $100,000), annual fee  100.00
Recording mineral claim  2.50
Recording certificate of work, mineral claim  2.50
Recording abandonment, mineral claim  10.00
Recording abandonment, placer claim  2.50
Recording any affidavit  2.50
Records in " Records of Conveyances " (for each claim or lease)  2.00
For each additional claim or lease in the same document  .50
Filing documents, " Mineral Act "  .25
Filing documents, " Placer-mining Act "  1.00
Recording certificate of work, placer-mining lease  2.50
For Crown grant of mineral rights under " Mineral Act "  25.00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under " Mineral Act"  10.00
For every lease under " Placer-mining Act "  5.00
PROVISIONAL FREE MINERS' CERTIFICATES  (PLACER)  ACT.
This Act provides for the issuance of " provisional free miners' certificates " for
the locating, recording, representing, and working of placer claims of a size, and according to the terms, and in the manner set out in Parts II. and III. of the " Placer-mining
Act." Any person over 18 years of age who has resided in the Province continuously
for a period of not less than six months prior to date of his application may, on application accompanied by a statutory declaration or other satisfactory evidence as to his
age and period of residence in the Province, obtain from any Gold Commissioner or
Mining Recorder a provisional free miner's certificate. No fees are payable in respect
of such certificate, and it abolishes the fees payable in respect of the recording or
rerecording of placer claims, but no record or rerecord of a claim shall be granted
for a longer period than one year without the payment of fees. It should be pointed
out that the provisional free miner's certificate does not carry the privileges of an
ordinary free miner's certificate as to the staking and working of placer-mining leases
or mineral claims.
The Act also gives the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, as a means of unemployment relief, power to make provision for the establishment, equipment, maintenance,
and operation of one or more placer training camps at suitable locations, at which
unemployed persons who hold provisional free miner's certificates and are British subjects may acquire knowledge and training in the art of placer-mining and may be
afforded gainful work in the recovery of minerals by placer-mining. Reserves for the
location of such camps shall not exceed one mile in length by one-half mile in width,
and the right is given to enter into agreements with private holders under the Act for
the development of their ground by means of unemployment relief camps.
METALLIFEROUS MINES REGULATION ACT.
This Act is designed to provide for the safe working of mines by practical regulations which govern the main phases of mining, such as hoisting installations, ropes,
shaft and cage equipment, mine examination, transportation systems, electrical installations, use of explosives, approaching abandoned workings, and the connection of
adjacent mines.
Shaft-hoists are required to be equipped with overwind devices and approved
braking systems, and all hoistmen in charge must have an annual medical examination A 148 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
and certificate testifying their fitness to perform this work. Hoisting-ropes where
men are hoisted must have a static factor of safety of at least 10 for depths of 1,000
feet, with an allowable decrease of one for each 500 feet additional depth with a minimum factor of safety of 6. The working-life of a hoisting-rope when men are hoisted
or lowered is limited to two years.
Cages must be provided with safety-catches, properly designed covers, and safety-
gates where men are hoisted.    Safety-catches must be tested at stated intervals.
The manager of the mine or some qualified person appointed by him must make
a daily examination of all places in the mine where persons are at work and report the
conditions found in regard to safety in a book kept at the mine for that purpose.
All persons handling or using explosives must hold a certificate of competency for
blasting. This certificate is issued by the district Inspector of Mines to miners who
show by an oral examination that they are qualified to use explosives safely. This
certificate may be cancelled for cause.
Where the workings of any mine are approaching any abandoned workings,
whether belonging to that mine or to an adjacent mine, the manager of the present
workings shall report the circumstance to the Inspector of Mines if the abandoned
workings cannot be examined before the live workings are closer than 300 feet to the
abandoned workings, and no work shall be done within this distance until a definite
method of approach has been submitted to and approved by the Inspector.
Where it is considered necessary, the Minister of Mines may order a connection to
be made and maintained between adjacent mines, and determine the conditions under
which such a connection must be maintained.
All electrical installations must comply with the requirements of the " Electrical
Energy Inspection Act " of British Columbia.
In addition to the Act and General Rules applicable to all mines, each mine which
employs fifty or more men must have a code of Special Rules covering the details of
operation at that mine. These Special Rules are drafted by the mining company and
its employees and, when approved by the Minister of Mines, have the full force of law.
The Inspectors of Mines in the different districts have discretionary authority on
a number of points that may arise in the course of mining operations.
COAL-MINES REGULATION ACT.
This Act, like the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," is designed to provide
for the safe working of mines by practical regulations. It is, however, broader in
scope than the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act " in that it provides for the
examination and licensing of coal-mine officials and miners.
WAR-TIME COAL-MINE EMPLOYMENT ACT.
Under this Act it is lawful during the continuance of the war to employ in a coal
mine, where not more than twelve men are working underground, as manager, overman,
shiftboss, fireboss, shotlighter, or coal-miner a person who is not registered as a holder
of a certificate of competency or service under the " Coal-mines Regulation Act,"
providing he is competent to carry out his duties in the opinion of the Chief Inspector
of Mines or of an Inspector of Mines.    A permit in writing must be obtained.
QUARRIES REGULATION ACT.
This Act, like the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," is designed to provide
for the safe working of quarries by practical regulations. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 149
EXPLOSIVES.
Under the provisions of Dominion Order in Council No. 2903, issued July 4th,
1940, no person or company may own or purchase explosives, except under a special
permit prescribed and issued under this order. Each purchase of explosives requires
a separate permit, except in the case of mining and quarrying operations, in which
cases the Provincial Inspector of Mines has authority to issue the explosives purchase
permit for one calendar year.
Only the owner of an explosives factory or a licensed magazine may sell explosives,
but an exemption is made in the case of any mining company to the extent that such
a company may be permitted, on applying for the necessary authority, to resell small
quantities of explosives to properly qualified prospectors in their district.
MINES RIGHT-OF-WAY ACT.
This Act provides for access to mining property. It provides for the obtaining of
a right-of-way for any road, railway, aerial, electric, or other tramway, surface or elevated cable, electric or telephone pole-line, chute, flume, pipe-line, drain, or any right
or easement of a like nature.
IRON AND STEEL BOUNTIES ACT.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may enter into an agreement with any person whereby the Crown will pay to that person, out of the Consolidated Revenue
Fund, bounties on pig-iron and steel shapes when manufactured within the Province,
as follows:—
(a.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from ore mined in the Province, a bounty not to exceed three
dollars per ton of two thousand pounds:
(b.) In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from ore mined outside the Province, a bounty not to exceed one
dollar and fifty cents per ton of two thousand pounds:
(c.)   In respect of steel shapes of commercial utility manufactured in the Province, a bounty not to exceed one dollar per ton of two thousand pounds.
Bounty, as on pig-iron under this Act, may be paid upon the molten iron from ore
which in the electric furnace, Bessemer or other furnace, enters into the manufacture
of steel by the process employed in such furnace; the weight of such iron to be ascertained from the weight of the steel so manufactured.
Bounty on steel shapes under this Act shall be paid only upon such steel shapes as
are manufactured in a rolling-mill having a rated productive capacity per annum of at
least twenty thousand tons of two thousand pounds per ton. The total amount of
bounties paid under clauses (a) and (6) is limited to $200,000 in any one year or
$2,000,000 in the aggregate; and the total amount of bounties paid under clause (c) is
limited to $20,000 in any one year or $200,000 in the aggregate.
INDIAN RESERVES MINERAL RESOURCES ACT.
This Act validates an agreement between the Dominion and the Province whereby
mineral rights on Indian reserves, upon surrender by the Indians, shall be administered by the Province, subject to the laws of the Province. A free miner wishing to
prospect on Indian reserves must obtain the approval of the Gold Commissioner for the
mining division in which the reserve is situated and also of the Indian Agent for
such reserve.
ALLIED FORCES EXEMPTION ACT.
According to the provisions of this Act, any free miner who, since the 3rd day of
September, 1939, has joined or joins, for service in the present war, any of the naval A 150 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
or military forces of His Majesty, or of any power being at the time an ally of His
Majesty, for active service (full-time service) shall be exempted from doing assessment-
work and from paying recording fees and rentals for the duration of the war and six
months thereafter on any mineral claim or placer-mining lease recorded in his name
at the time of his enlistment.
WAR MARINERS' BENEFITS ACT.
This Act was passed at the 1944 session of the British Columbia Legislature and
confers on mariners any benefits, rights, privileges, or exemptions which have heretofore been conferred upon members of the Allied Forces. A person qualifying as a
mariner is entitled to the same exemption as accorded to members of the Allied Forces
under the "Allied Forces Exemption Act, 1939."
In this Act " mariner " means a person who has served in deep-sea waters in a war
zone during the present war in any ship whose port of registry was during such service
in a part of the British Commonwealth of Nations; but does not include a person whose
domicile during his period of service was not in British Columbia.
CORPS OF CANADIAN FIRE-FIGHTERS ACT.
This Act, like the "War Mariners' Benefits Act," confers on Canadian fire-fighters
who have proceeded overseas any benefits, rights, privileges, or exemptions which have
heretofore been conferred upon members of the Allied Forces.
FREE MINERS' EXEMPTION ACT.
The benefits of this Act are exemption from the performance of work or payment
in lieu of work on mineral claims or placer-mining leases, and, in the case of placer-
mining leases, relief from the payment of the annual rentals. To obtain the benefits
of the " Free Miners' Exemption Act" a person must have been the holder of a valid
free miner's certificate on June 1st, 1942, and also the owner of a mineral claim or
placer-mining lease in good standing at that time. The Act makes provision for obtaining its benefits by the holder of a mineral claim or placer-mining lease making application to the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated
on or before May 1st, 1943, or on or before the anniversary in that year of the date of
recording of the mineral claim, or the date of issue of the placer-mining lease, whichever date is later. In subsequent years application must be made on or before the
anniversary date of record or issue. The holder may make application either by letter
or in person and $2.50 must be paid to the Mining Recorder as a recording fee for every
mineral claim or placer-mining lease in respect of which notice is filed.
No person is entitled to file a notice or obtain the benefit of the Act in respect of
more than eight mineral claims or eight placer-mining leases, or a total of eight mineral
claims and placer-mining leases. Similarly, no mining partnership nor joint-stock
company shall be entitled to file a claim or obtain the benefit of the Act in respect of
more than sixteen mineral claims or sixteen placer-mining leases, or a total of sixteen
mineral claims and placer-mining leases.
If a person who was the holder of a mineral claim or placer-mining lease in good
standing on June 1st, 1942, permitted the property to lapse he is entitled to the benefits
of the Act provided he made application for reinstatement to the Mining Recorder on
or before May 1st, 1943. Should any person have relocated the ground or any part of
the ground the person who held the claim or lease on June 1st, 1942, and the person
who relocated shall have a joint interest in that portion of the ground held jointly in
proportion to the money expended by each. Failure to agree between the parties concerned upon the interest that each shall have shall be settled by arbitration. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 151
The " Free Miners' Exemption Act" was amended at the 1944 session of the
British Columbia Legislature by an Act entitled " Free Miners' Exemption Act Amendment Act, 1944." The amendment was passed to permit those persons who were
entitled to apply in 1943 and failed to do so, but kept their mining properties in good
standing until 1944 or subsequent year, to gain the benefits of the said Act. Such
persons may make application to the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which
their properties are situate, but application need not be made until the anniversary date
in the last year during which the properties are in good standing. The fees payable
and the number of mineral claims and placer-mining leases which may be benefited
remain unchanged.
A person who would have been entitled to take advantage of the " Free Miners'
Exemption Act" in 1943 but failed to do so, and who has, between the 1st day of
January, 1944, and the 1st day of May, 1944, permitted his mineral claim or placer-
mining lease to lapse, may gain the benefits of the Act for such mineral claim or placer-
mining lease. Reinstatement may be effected by application made on or before July 1st,
1944, to the Mining Recorder for the mining division in which the property is situated.
PROSPECTORS' GRUB-STAKE ACT.
In this Act "grub-stake" means money, food supplies, clothing, powder, tools, or
any other thing necessary to the business of prospecting. "Prospector" means any
person who is a British subject and who is the holder of a valid free miner's certificate;
who has been honourably discharged from any of His Majesty's Services or has been
resident in the Province during the year preceding any application for a grub-stake.
Information regarding grub-stakes may be obtained from the Department of
Mines, Victoria, B.C., or from any Mining Recorder, Mining Engineer, or Inspector of
Mines of the Department.
No grub-stake granted to one applicant shall exceed $300 in value in any one year,
but the grub-stake may be increased if an applicant is required to travel to or from the
area in which he is to prospect by an amount sufficient to cover such travelling expenses.
The total in no case shall exceed $500 in any year. Applicants are required to identify
some of the commoner rocks and minerals.
Provision has been made for the establishment and operation of one or more
mining training camps at suitable locations within the Province.
COAL ACT.
The " Coal Act," 1944, and the " Petroleum and Natural-gas Act," 1944, when proclaimed will replace the " Coal and Petroleum Act."
The new Act provides for a licence to develop coal and to mine coal not in excess
of 10,000 tons per annum. The licence is renewable yearly and the licensee has the
first right to a lease over the same ground when he can produce more than 10,000 tons
of coal per annum. If an applicant can show the Department that he has a market
for more than 100,000 tons of coal per annum he may obtain an additional licence for
every 100,000 tons of coal he plans to develop and produce. A licence is 1 square mile
in area. The yearly rental is 50 cents per acre and the fee for issuing or renewing a
licence is $25. If development-work to the value of $7.50 per acre is done the rental
may be rebated.
When a licensee is producing more than 10,000 tons of coal per annum he may
obtain a twenty-year lease and if he is producing more than 100,000 tons of coal per
annum he may obtain an additional lease for each 100,000 tons of coal being produced.
The rental for a lease is $1 per acre and the fee for issuing a lease is $25.
The royalty on coal produced under a licence or lease will be 25 cents per short ton.
When the new Act comes into force all mining operations carried on beyond the perime- A 152 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
ter of presently active workings must have the approval of the Chief Inspector of
Mines and the plan of operations must provide for the maximum possible extraction of
coal contingent upon good mining practice and safety of operation.
No Crown grants of coal land can be obtained under the new Act.
TAXATION ACT.
(Reverted Crown-granted Mineral Claims.)
A preliminary note is essential to the understanding of this Act. As the law has
stood, a Crown-granted mineral claim on which taxes were in arrears for a number of
years was offered for sale by the Government at a tax sale, with arrears of taxes plus
interest and charges and Crown-grant fees as an upset price. If no sale was made the
property remained in the hands of the Assessor until desired by some one, when it could
only be purchased by tender. It was not open to location under the " Mineral Act" and
a prospector had no protection, and to relieve the situation an amending Act was passed.
Under the amended Act such reverted Crown-granted mineral claim may be
obtained by any person under a lease for one year upon payment of $25, and a renewal
of such lease may be granted upon payment of further $25 for a further period of one
year, but no longer. During the period of such lease the lessee has the right to enter,
prospect, and mine on such mineral claim, save for coal, petroleum, and natural gas,
and during such time the lessee has the option to purchase such Crown-granted
mineral claim upon payment of all taxes, costs, and interest which remained due and
unpaid on such claim on the date of its forfeiture to the Crown, together with an
amount equal to all taxes and interest which, except for its forfeiture to the Crown,
would have been payable in respect thereof from the date of the lease to the date of
application for a Crown grant. If, however, the lessee establishes to the satisfaction
of the Gold Commissioner that he has expended upon the claim in mining-development
work a sum of not less than $200 a year during the continuance of the lease, then the
payment of the sum in respect of taxes and penalties from the date of the lease to the
date of application for a Crown grant shall not be required. There is also payable a
Crown-grant fee of $25. Provision also is made for the grouping of adjoining claims,
not exceeding eight in number, and the performing on one of such claims mining-
development work for all of the claims.
A person may obtain a lease, or interest in a lease, of eight such claims in the
same mining division.
Such leases are not transferable and are subject to the rights any person may
already hold to any portion of the surface of such Crown-granted mineral claim.
TAXATION OF MINES.
Crown-granted mineral claims are subject to a tax of 25 cents per acre. The tax
becomes due on April 1st in each year, and if unpaid on the following June 30th is
deemed to be delinquent.
All mines, other than coal, are subject to an output tax (payable quarterly) of 2
per cent, on gross value of mineral, less cost of transportation from mine to reduction-
works and the cost of treating same at reduction-works or on the mining premises.
Any such mine, not realizing on ore shipments a market value of $5,000 in any one
year, is entitled to a refund of the output tax paid.
Coal is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except coal shipped to coke-
ovens within the Province.    Tax payable monthly.
Coke is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except in respect of coke
produced from coal upon which this tax has already been paid.    Tax payable monthly.
Coal land from which coal is being mined (Class A) is taxed at 1 per cent, upon
the assessed value, in addition to any other tax. SYNOPSES OF MINING LAWS. A 153
Unworked coal land, known as " Coal Land, Class B," is subject to a tax of 2 per
cent, upon the assessed value.
For further particulars see the " Taxation Act," also the " Public Schools Act,"
which are obtainable from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
The Federal Government now collects the income tax for all Provincial Governments.
FOREST ACT.
In 1939 the " Provincial Parks Act" was repealed and the administration of
Provincial parks brought under the " Forest Act." Under this Act the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council may constitute any portion of the Province a Provincial park and
may also extend, reduce, or cancel any park created before or after the amendment to
this Act.
The Act provides for three classes of parks to be known as "A," " B," and "C"
Class parks.
Lands included in Class "A" and Class " C " parks are reserved from pre-emption,
sale, lease, or licence under the " Land Act" and with respect to mining are so reserved
unless the consent of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council is obtained, and then only
subject to further provisions of the Act.
No holder of any mineral claim in a Class "A" or Class " C " park may obtain a
Crown grant of the surface rights of a mineral claim.
All mineral claims in any Class "A" or Class " C " park shall be subject to such
terms and conditions and restrictions, including cutting and use of timber, as the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council may from time to time prescribe.
The restrictions on prospecting and mining in Class "A" and Class " C " parks do
not apply in the case of Class " B " parks.
Where, in the opinion of the Minister of Lands, the safety of life and property is
endangered through the hazardous condition of the forest-cover or the occurrence or
spread of forest fire the Minister may declare a district closed for travel and prospecting so long as the hazard exists.
li A 154 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1943.
LIST OF PRICES CHARGED FOR ACTS.
Price.
Department of Mines Act  $0.15
Mineral Act  .25
Placer-mining Act  .25
Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act  .50
Coal-mines Regulation Act  .70
Quarries Regulation Act  .15
Mines Right-of-way Act  .15
Provisional Free Miners' Certificates (Placer) Act  .25
Iron and Steel Bounties Act  .15
Indian Reserves Mineral Resources Act  .15
Allied Forces Exemption Act  .15
Corps of Canadian Fire-fighters Act  .15
War Mariners' Benefits Act  .15
Free Miners' Exemption Act  .15
War-time Prospectors' Grub-stake Act  Free
Coal Act .  .15
Taxation Act  .75
Forest Act  .80
Garibaldi Park Act 1  *
Strathcona Park Act .  .15
Greater Vancouver Water District Act  .40
Coal and Petroleum Products Control Board Act :  15
Security Frauds Prevention Act  30
Coal Sales Act  .15
War-time Coal-mine Employment Act  .15
* Out of print. INDEX. A 155
INDEX.
A. Page.
Accidents in coal-mining  _     93
Administrative Branch      46
Ainsmore Mines, Ltd., 49° 116° N.W     70
Ainsworth, silver-lead-zinc deposits, 49° 116° N.W.      70
Ajax (Slocan), dividends     38
Alamo (Slocan), dividends      38
Allenby mill, 49° 120° S.W  132
" Allied Forces Exemption Act"   149
Allied Mining and Development Co., Ltd., 51° 119° S.W     61
Alpine Gold, Ltd., 49° 117° S.E _     64
See also Rover Creek Mining Co., Ltd.
Alvensleben, A. von     84
Amador Creek, 53° 121° S.W     83
Amelia (Greenwood), 49° 119° S.E     63
Anaconda Smelter, U.S.A., zinc from Bell (Slocan)      71
Zinc from Lucky Jim (Slocan)  :     71
Anderson, M. A.      83
Antimony 13, 14
Antler Creek, placer, 53° 121° S.E 82, 83
Antoine, dividends, 50° 117° S.E.  __     38
Antoine Creek (Lillooet), 50° 122° N.E.     85
Arizona (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E.      64
Arlington Erie, dividends, 49° 117° S.E. 37, 40
References     65
Armstrong, H. S.      87
Armstrong, W., coal lease  122
Arsenic 13, 14
Ashby, placer, 52° 121° N.E     84
Asserlind, H.     84
Athabasca, dividends, 49° 117° S.E.  _     37
Atlin area, 59° 133° N.W .     81
Australian Creek, coal, 52° 122° N.E _  122
Avison Creek, 49° 117° N.E     72
B.
Bailey   Silica   Quarry,   Consolidated   Mining  and   Smelting   Co.   of   Canada,   Ltd.,  at,   •'■
•' 49° 118° S.E ________ :     87
Bamberton Cement Works, 48° 123° N.W     86
B. and K. Placers, 53° 121° S.W .___     83
Barytes __._ 13, 14
Base Metals Mining Corporation, Ltd., 51° 116° S.E     75
Men employed _ _ _     45
Bastin   Mr                                                                              : ■ 42
Bayonne, dividends, 49° 116° S.W 37, 40
Accidents   ,  132
Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd., at Blue Eyes, 49° 117° S.W     79
Beale Quarries, Ltd., 49° 124° N.W __._- ___!_. _-__    86
Beamish, Wm.  _•—-li _ _.__=—_-i     83
Beaver-dams, interfering with placers     84
Beaverdell area, 49° 119° S.E i     70
Beaverdell-Wellington, dividends, 49° 119° S.E _     38
Beaver Silver Mines, Ltd., 49° 119° S.E I : 38, 40
Bell, Beaverdell, dividends, 49° 119° S.E  ;     38
Bell (Slocan), 50° 117° S.E '. .     71
Belmont-Surf Inlet, dividends, 53° 128° S.W      37
Bentonite    13, 14
In coal mines   116
Betty coal mine   120
Big Valley Creek, 53° 121° S.W __     82
Bindschedlar, C.     83
Bismuth  : 13, 14
Black coal mine, Inland Collieries, Ltd., 49° 120° S.W __     89
Bloomer, P. T ,~     76
Blubber Bay, lime, 49° 124° N.W : _     86
Blue Eyes, Rossland, Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd., at, 49° 117° S.W     79 A 156 INDEX.
Page.
Blue Flame Colliery, 49° 120° S.W  120
Boatswain Fraction (Slocan), 49° 117° N.E 38, 73
Bonar, R. B., report as inspector  111
Bosun (see Boatswain Fraction).
Bralorne Mines, Ltd., dividends, 50° 122° N.W 37, 40
At Takla Lake, 55° 125° N.E     76
Men employed      45
Reference      60
Brick   13, 14
Bridge River, placer, 50° 122° N.W     85
Tungsten  .     78
Lode gold     60
Britannia Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd., dividends, 49° 123° N.E  39, 40
Accidents    ,  132
Men employed      45
Reference      68
B.C. Cement Co., at Texada Island, 49° 124° N.W     86
Bamberton, 48° 123° N.W     86
B.C. Department of Mines and Department of Mines and Resources, office at Vancouver    46
British Lands, Ltd., Jackson coal mine, 49° 120° S.W 113, 119
Brown, B. S     62
Browning, C. P     68
Bulkley Valley Colliery, 54° 127° N.E __._ 89, 120
Bumps in coal mines  102
Burgess, A.      65
Burgess, T. O     87
Burrard Placers, Ltd., 52° 121° N.E     84
Butchers Bench, 53° 121° S.W     83
Cadmium  13, 14
Cadwallader Creek, 50° 122° N.W  60
Caldwell, C  60
Caldwell, Mrs. (Cariboo)  83
Caledonia (Slocan), 50° 117° S.E  71
California (Nelson) 49° 117° S.E .  64
California Gulch, 53° 121° S.E.  83, 78
Cameron, C. R  84
Camp McKinney area, lode gold, 49° 119° S.E  63
Canada Copper Corporation, dividends, 49° 118° S.W.  39
Canadian Collieries  (Dunsmuir), Ltd., 49° 123° S.W. ,  107
Canadian Pacific Exploration (Porto Rico), dividends, 49° 117° S.E  37
Capella, dividends, 49° 117° N.E _. .  38
Capital employed  41
Cariboo-Amelia, 49° 119° S.E ... ____  63
Cariboo area, placer  81
Cariboo area, lode gold, 53° 121° S.W.                 59
Cariboo, tungsten   _  78
Copper Creek    78
Dowsett , _________  78
California Gulch   78
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co., Ltd., 53° 121° S.W  59
Dividends _ 37, 40
Men employed   45
Cariboo Lake, placer, 52° 121° N.E  84
Cariboo-McKinney Consolidated Mining and Milling Co., Ltd., dividends, 49° 119° S.E. 37
Cariboo Northlands Mining Co., Ltd., 52° 121° N.W          84
Cariboo-Thompson Co., 52° 121° N.E  78
Cascade Rock and Gravel Co., Ltd., 49° 123° S.E  87
See also Highland Sand and Gravel.
Cassidy coal mine, 49° 123° S.W    _ 89
Cassidy, gravel, 49° 123° S.W  87
Cechelero, J.       _               _ 73
Cedar Creek (Cariboo), 52° 121° N.W  84
Cement  13, 14
Central Records Office             46
Centre Star (Trail Creek), 49° 117° S.W                            _ 37
Chambers' coal mine, 49° 123° S.W.  89, 109 INDEX. A 157
Page.
Chemical laboratory, work of     51
Chester, G.  (Quesnel)      84
China, placer, 52° 121° N.E     84
Chouse, J.     82
Christenson, P.      86
Christina Lake, lime at, 49° 118° S.E     86
Clark, L. D.      64
Clay and shale     85
Clay products   13, 14
Clayburn Co., Ltd., 49° 121° S.W     85
Clayton, G. E     86
Cleveland, C.      76
Clubine, 49° 117° S.E    80
Coal  13, 14
Emergency Coal Production Board at Telkoal Co. mine  121
Production tables      89
Quesnel  122
Australian Creek  122
Peace River  121
" Coal Act "   151
Coal Creek Colliery, 49° 114° S.W  122
Coal mines, report by James Dickson, Chief Inspector     88
Reports by Inspectors   107
Coal-mine Officials, Board of Examiners 88, 106
" Coal-mines Regulation Act "   148
Coalmont Collieries, Ltd., 49° 120° S.W  119
" Coal Sales Act "  105
Registered names of coals _._  105
Coal and coke production 35, 36
Codan Lead and Zinc Co., 50° 117° N.E     73
Cold Spring mine       89
Coldstream, near Wingdam, coal at, 53° 121° S.W  122
Columbia Development, Ltd., 59° 133° N.W     81
Comet (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E    80
Comox Colliery, production, 49° 125° N.E.  89, 111
Concentrators—
Britannia     68
Cariboo Gold Quartz      59
Copper Mountain      67
Cyanide mill, Privateer     66
Emerald      79
Gold Belt _.     66
Granite Poorman      64
Hedley Mascot     62
Island Mountain      60
Kootenay Belle       65
Kootenay Florence      70
Mammoth   t     72
Monarch      75
Nickel Plate     62
Noble Five     72
Pinchi Lake      76
Pioneer      60
Prident      66
Queen  ___=        65
Red Rose -_     78
Rosebery       73
Sullivan        74
True Fissure      73
Twin J.      69
Zincton Mines, Ltd.      71
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.—
Bailey, silica      87
Clubine, tungsten      80
Comet, tuntrsten     80
Corbin Colliery   130
Emerald, tungsten     79
Fife, lime      86
Little Keen, tungsten      80
Molly, molybdenum      77 A 158 INDEX.
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.—Continued. Page.
Moyie River, tungsten '.    81
Pinchi Lake, cinnabar  45, 76
Red Rose, tungsten  45, 78
Santa Rosa, tungsten     79
Silver Creek, Takla Lake      76
Sullivan     74
United Victory      78
Wyoming, tungsten     79
Consolidated Nicola Goldfields, Ltd., 50° 120° S.E     61
Copper  13, 14
Copper Creek (Cariboo), 52° 121° N.E     78
Copper Mountain, dividends, 49° 120° S.W.  39, 40
Accidents    132
Men employed      45
Reference _ _     67
Coquitlam, sand-pit, 49° 122" S.W     87
Corbin Colliery, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., at, 49° 114° N.W.    89
Report by Inspector  130
Cornell, dividends, 49° 124° N.W.      39
" Corps of Canadian Fire-fighters Act"  150
Cottonwood River (Cariboo), 53° 122° S.E     83
Couverapee, dividends, 51° 116° S.E     38
Coulter Creek, 53° 121° S.W    82
Cranbrook area, 49° 115° N.W     74
Crawford, E. P.      64
Oreeden, V. J.      62
Crown-granted claims (reverted)   152
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd., report by Inspector, 49° 114° S.W ___. 123
Dividends  39, 40
Cummings, J. M.     55
Cummings, W. C.      85
Cunningham Creek, tungsten, 52° 121° N.E 78, 83
Curtis, J. J.      82
D.
Dease Lake area, 58° 130° N.E     81
Deeks Sand and Gravel, Ltd., 49° 123° S.E     87
Deer Home coal mine, 49° 123° S.W 89, 109
DeLong, F., 53° 122° S.W     84
Delprato coal mine, 49° 120°  S.W  119
DeMers, M     73
Den (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E    80
Dentonia, 49° 118° S.W     63
Devil's Canyon Creek, 53° 121° S.W     82
Diamond Vale Collieries, Ltd., 50° 120° S.W  115
Diatomite  13, 14
Dickson, James, report as Inspector of Mines     88
Dockrill, F. M  120
Doelle, H. E 65, 75
Donnelly, J., coal lease   122
Doney, E.     72
Doody, J.      83
Dowsett, E. S., tungsten     78
Dream (Atlin), 59° 133° N.W    81
Dunbar Flats, 53° 121° S.W     83
Duncan, town, 48° 123° N.W.      69
Dust in collieries 101, 135
Duthie Mines, Ltd., dividends, 54° 127° N.E     38
Dyer, J. C     82
E.
Eagle Creek (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E  64
Eastman, J. H.   81
Eight-mile Lake (Cariboo), 53° 121° S.W  83
Electricity used in mines 41, 99
Elk River Colliery, 49° 114° S.W 89, 124
Emerald (Nelson), tungsten, 49° 117° S.E  79
Men employed   45
Dividends  _  38 INDEX. A 159
Page.
Emily Creek, 49° 117° N.E     72
Ennerdale Placers, 53° 121° S.W    83
Enterprise (Slocan), 49° 117° N.E.      73
Erie Creek, 49° 117° S.E     65
Explosives  96, 135, 149
Fairview Amalgamated Mines, Ltd., 49° 119° S.W     37
Falkland area, gypsum, 50° 119° N.W     85
Felker, I. I     83
Ferguson, town, 50° 117° N.E     73
Fern Gold Mining and Milling Co., Ltd., 49° 117° S.E     37
Fife   Lime   Quarry,   Consolidated   Mining   and   Smelting   Co.   of   Canada,   Ltd.,   at,
49° 118° S.E     86
First aid   136
Fleury, J. T. A     82
Florence Silver, dividends, 49° 116° N.W     38
Fluorspar  13, 14
Flux, silica     87
Limestone  13, 14
Quartz  13, 14
" Forest Act "  153
Fort St. James area, 54° 124° N.E     76
Four-mile Creek, Keithley Creek, 52° 121° N.E     84
Fraser River, near Cottonwood River, 53° 122° S.W     84
Freeland, P. B., retirement of       55
" Free Miners' Exemption Act"  150
Fritz, H.      63
Fry, Mr. T     82
Gabriola Island area, 49° 123° S.W     85
Gabriola Shale Products Co., Ltd., 49° 123° S.W     85
Gallo, Joe      71
Gas from coal    36
Gayer, R. B     69
Geological Survey of Canada, parties in B.C. field     58
Gething, Quentin F  121
Gething Colliery, 55° 122° N.E     89
Gilley Brothers, quarry, 49° 122° S.W     87
Golac, B.  64, 65
Gold, placer  13, 14, 81
Boomer gate      84
McMartin Creek      84
Keithley Creek     84
Weaver Creek (Cariboo)      84
Gold, lode  13, 14
Lode deposits     59
Gold Commissioners et al., office statistics 48, 50
Gold purchasing      47
Gold Belt (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E     66
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd., dividends, 49° 117° S.E 37, 40
Men employed      45
Accidents  132
Reference      66
Gold Bridge, town, 50° 122° N.W     85
Gold Finch (Greenwood), 49° 118° S.W      67
Golden area, 51° 116° S.E     75
Golden Eagle (Nelson), tungsten, 49° 117° S.E     80
Goodenough (Nelson), dividends, 49° 117° S.E 37, 64
Goodenough (Slocan), dividends, 49° 117° N.E     38
Goose Creek (Quesnel), 52° 121° N.E     84
Gormley, G. F     72
Gormley, L. J.     64
Graham, Charles, report as Inspector  ___ 120
Granby   Consolidated   Mining,   Smelting   and   Power   Co.,   Ltd.,   Copper   Mountain,
49° 120° S.W 39, 40, 67
Men employed      45
Coal-mining  89, 116 A 160 INDEX.
Page.
Granby River, tungsten, 49° 118° S.E     79
Grand Forks area, lode gold     63
Tungsten      79
Lime      86
Silica      87
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd., at 86, 87
Granite quarry, Silver Valley, Pitt River, 49° 122° S.W     87
Granite Poorman (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E     64
Granules  13, 14
Greenwood area, lode gold, 49° 118° S.W     63
Reference         _                      67
ftfouae Greek (Oariboo),53° 121° S.E.   ;..:...:..    —   82
Grub Gulch, 53° 121° S.W 81, 83
Gunn, J. J     82
Gypsum, 59° 119° N.W     85
Gypsum and gypsite 13, 14
Gypsum, Lime and Alabastine, Canada, Ltd., 50° 119° N.W.     85
H.
Hall Creek, 49° 117° S.E  80
Ham, A. M  72
Hansen, H. M  82
Harris, F  84
Hasbrouck, J.   84
Hat Creek Colliery, 50° 121° N.W 89, 115
Haukedahl, E.   64
Haylmore, W.   85
Hazelton, tungsten, 55° 127° S.W  78
H.B. Mining Co., Ltd., dividends, 49° 117° S.E  38
Hedley, M. S  55
Hedley, town   62
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd., dividends, 49° 120° S.E 37, 40
Men employed   45
Highland Bell, Ltd., dividends, 49° 119" S.E.,..'■£. .: ■^______Z^- ,-u^ <--.,_.■.■.........__--~-I_gg, 40
Men employed  45
Reference                                     *70
Highland Lass, Ltd., dividends,"49° 119° S.eZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZZ 38
Highland Sand and Gravel Co., 49° 123° S.E  87
See also Cascade Rock and Gravel Co.
Hind, J.  ___ 83
Holland, S. S  55
Holm, A.  83
Homestake, Squaam Bay, 51° 119° S.W  61
Hongen, Dr.  82
Honsberger, A. H.  72
Hope (Slocan), 49° 117° N.E  72
Horn Silver, dividends, 49° 119° S.W  38
House, Mr. J  81
Huestis, H. H  77
Hughes, E. R., report as Inspector    113
Humming Bird (Grand Forks), 49° 118° S.E   63
Hurley River, placer, 50° 122° N.E  85
Hutton, F., coal lease  122
Idaho, Alamo, dividends, 49° 117° N.E     38
" Indian Reserves Mineral Resources Act"  149
Industrial Metals Mining Co., Ltd., 49° 124° N.W     69
Men employed      45
Inspection Branch     55
International Metals Inc., Ltd., at Van Roi     73
" Iron and Steel Bounties Act "    149
Iron Mountain, dividends, 49° 117° S.E     38
Men employed    45
Tungsten      79
Iron oxide  13, 14
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd., dividends, 53° 121° S.W 37, 40
Men employed      45 INDEX. A 161
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd.—Continued. page.
Accidents    132
Rsf 6i*6nc6 60
I.X.L. (Trail flreafc), Hiv.dw.dB, 48° 117° BW;       ,■■■_       .          -_       ..                                Z~ 37
Reference   63
J.
Jack of Clubs Lake, 53° 121° S.W  59
Jackson, dividends  38
Jackson Basin, 50° 117° S.E  71
Jessiman, N.   85
Jewel-Denero, dividends, 49° 118° S.W  37
Jewel Lake, lode gold, 49° 118° S.W  63
Johnson, J., coal lease  122
Jorgenson, C.   63
Jorgenson, D.   83
Jukes, A. E  66
Jumbo (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E  80
K.
Kamloops area, lode gold, 51° 119° S.W.  61
Kaslo area, tungsten, 49° 117° N.E 67, 80
Keithley, placer at, 52° 121° N.E  84
Keithley River, falls on, 52° 121° N.E  84
Kellogg smelter  70
Concentrates from Mammoth  73
Kelowna Exploration, Ltd., Nickel Plate, dividends, 49° 120° S.E 37, 40
Men employed   45
Reference  62, 80
Keystone Mountain, 49° 117° S.E  65
Kicking Horse, 51° 116° S.E  75
Men employed  =  45
Kilgard, clay, 49° 121° S.W  85
Koeye Limestone Co., Ltd., 51° 127° N.W  86
Koeye River, lime, 51° 127° N.W   86
Kootenay Belle (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E  65
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd., 49° 117° S.E., at Whitewater (Ainsworth), 50° 117° S.E. 71
Dividends   37
Men employed   45
Reference   65
Kootenay Florence, Wartime Metals Corporation at, 49° 116° N.W  70
Men employed   45
Lake Road mine, 49° 123° S.W  89, 109
Lakes, Arthur      80
Lantzville Colliery, 49° 124° S.E  111
Lardeau area, tungsten, 50° 117° N.W 73, 78
Larsen Gulch, 53° 121° S.W ____    82
Last Chance, Three Forks, 49° 117° S.E     38
Lea, A. H     81
Lead  13, 14
Le Roi Mining Co., dividends, 49° 117° S.W     37
Le Roi No. 2 Ltd., dividends, 49° 117° S.W     37
Lewis' coalmine, 49° 123° S.W 89, 110
Libraries, list of  139
Lightning Creek, 53° 121° S.W     83
Lillooet area, placer, 52° 122° N.E     85
Lime, Texada Island, 49° 124° N.W     86
Beale Quarries, Ltd., 49° 124° N.W     86
B.C. Cement Co., 48° 123° N.W     86
Lime  13, 14
Limestone flux  13, 14
Limestone       86
Lins, B. A     63
Little Billie, 49° 124° N.W       69
Men employed       45
Little Keen (Nelson), 49° 117° S.E     80
Little Valley Creek, 53° 121° S.E     82 A 162 INDEX.
Pace.
Livingstone Mining Co., Ltd., 49° 117° S.E     64
Lone Bachelor, dividends     38
Lome, dividends      37
Lost Creek, molybdenum, 49° 117° S.E     77
Loudon coal mine, 49° 124° S.E 89, 110
Lowhee Gulch, 53° 121° S.W     81
Lowhee Mining Co., Ltd., 53° 121° S.W 81, 82
Lucky Jim, dividends, 50° 117° S.E 38, 71
Men employed      45
Lucky Boy, Trout Lake, 50° 117° N.W     79
Lumberton, 49° 115° S.W     81
M.
Madden, L  64
Magnesium sulphate  13, 14
Mammoth (Slocan), 49° 117° N.E  72
Men employed   45
Mandy, Jos. T  55
Manitou, 51° 122° S.W .  78
Manson Creek area, 55° 124° N.W  81
Mary Creek (Cariboo), 53° 122° S.E  83
Maryhill Sand and Gravel Quarry, 49° 122° S.W  87
Mason, E. E _  79
Mathews, W. H  55
Men employed, table  42
Mercury, also quicksilver 13, 14, 76
Silver Creek   76
Takla Lake _.'_  76
See also Pinchi Lake.
Mercury, dividends, 49° 117° N.E  38
Merritt coal mines, 50° 120° S.W 89, 115
Metal mines, Inspection report  132
Accidents    132
" Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act"  147
Metal prices   15
Metals Reserve Corporation at Spokane, 49° 116° N.W  70
Whitewater (Ainsworth), 50° 117° S.E  71
Lucky Jim, 50° 117° S.E  71
Meteor, dividends, 49° 117° N.E  38
Methane in collieries  100
Miard, H. E., report as Inspector  122
Mica  13, 14
Michel Colliery, report by Inspector, 49° 114° N.W 89, 127
Middlesboro Colliery, 50° 120° S.W 89, 114
Midnight (Trail Creek), 49° 117° S.W  63
Mine-air samples   100
Mineralogical Branch   55
Mine-rescue Stations  88, 104
Mining Divisions, amalgamation of  47
Mining laws, synopses  _____     _ 141
Mink Gulch, 53° 121° S.E                                                                                               82
Mining Industry, The.
Miscellaneous minerals  30
Mitchell, J. A., report as Inspector  122
Mohr, C. M ;  70
Molly, Salmo, molybdenum, 49° 117° S.E  77
Molybdenum deposits, Molly, Salmo     77
Monarch, 51° 116° S.E  75
Men employed  45
Monitor (Slocan), dividends, 49° 117° N.E  38
Moore, W., placer _  82
Mosquito Creek, Cariboo (see Mostique Creek).
Mostique Creek, Cariboo, 53° 121° S.W  83
Motherlode (Nelson), dividends, 49° 117° S.E  37
Mountain Chief, molybdenum, 49° 117° N.E  73
Mountain Con, dividends, 49° 117° N.E  38
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd., dividends, 50° 126° S.W              . . 37
Moyie River, tungsten, 49° 115° S.W    _ 81
Moyie River Development Co., Ltd., tungsten, 49° 115° S.W.             __ 81
Munn Creek, 49° 116° N.W     __               Z 70 INDEX. A 163
Page.
Murlock, M., 53° 122° S.E  83
Museums   55
McAllister, dividends, 50° 11