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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1944

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 ANNUAL REPORT
MINISTEE OF MINES
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRUTISH COLUMBIA
FOR   THE
YEAR  ENDED   31ST  DECEMBER
1942
»,,=•..,.**;/'
0Q&&1
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE  ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1943. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. E. C. Carson, Minister.
John F. Walker, Deputy Minister.
James Dickson, Chief Inspector of Mines.
G. Cave-Browne-Cave, Chief Analyst and Assayer.
P. B. Freeland, Chief Mining Engineer.
R. J. Steenson, Chief Gold Commissioner (deceased).
P. J. Mulcahy, Chief Gold Commissioner. To His Honour Lieut.-Colonel WILLIAM CULHAM WOODWARD,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1942 is
herewith respectfully submitted.
ERNEST CRAWFORD CARSON,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
June, 19%3. Robert (Bob) Steenson, Chief Gold Commissioner in the British
Columbia Department of Mines, died on October 2nd, 1942.
Mr. Steenson was born in Victoria on February 19th, 1896, attended
school in that city, and entered the Department of Agriculture in
1913. Transferring to the Department of Mines in 1914, he worked
his way up through the positions of Clerk, Mining Recorder and Gold
Commissioner for the Victoria Mining Division to Chief Gold Commissioner for the Province.
He was instrumental in introducing modern methods of recording
and filing, including the organization and establishment of a central
recording office in Vancouver which was opened shortly before his
death.
A keen sportsman of sterling character, with an intimate knowledge of departmental affairs accompanied by long service, his loss is
keenly felt both by the Department of Mines and his many friends.
It is with deep regret that the Department of Mines records the
death of Mr. John D. Galloway, which occurred on February 21st, 1942,
in Vancouver.
Mr. Galloway, although born in New Zealand, spent the greater
part of his life in Canada, especially British Columbia. He attended
school in Greenwood, Vancouver, and Victoria, and in 1907 entered
McGill University, where he took the course in mining engineering.
Four years-later he graduated at the head of his class, winning with
this distinction the Sir William Dawson Fellowship and the British
Association Medal; and, continuing at the University as a postgraduate student, he obtained the M.Sc. degree in 1912.
In 1913 he joined the British Columbia Department of Mines as
Assistant Provincial Mineralogist. In 1917 he was appointed Resident Engineer at Hazelton and in 1925 he became Provincial Mineralogist. He resigned in 1934 to engage in private practice as consulting
mining engineer and geologist.
" John D.," as he was affectionately known amongst the mining
fraternity, is greatly missed not only as a loyal friend but an outstanding member of his profession. CONTENTS.
Page.
Preface  9
The Mining Industry ,._: _  10
Statistics—
Tables  11
Method of computing Production  11
All Production, 1941 and 1942 (compared)  13
Average Metal Prices, 1901-1942 •  14
Total Production to 1942  14
Year by Year Production  15
Quantities and Values, 1940-194.2  15
Production of Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc, 1887-1942  16
Value of all Gold Production to End of 1942  18
Coal Production per Year to Date  19
Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens, 1895 to 1925  19
Coke and By-products Production, 1941 and 1942  20
Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1942 20-23
Capital employed, Salaries, Wages, Fuel, Electricity, and Process Supplies,
1942  24
Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode Minerals, 1901-1942 24
Men employed . 25
Metalliferous Mines shipping in 1942 . 26-28
Departmental Work—
Mineralogical Branch  29
Gold Purchasing  29
Sampling Plant : 30-32
Chemical Laboratory  33
Administrative Branch  34
Amalgamation of Mining Divisions  34
Central Records Office  34
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders 35
Gold Commissioners' and Mining Recorders' Office Statistics, 1942  37
Annual Reports and Bulletins  38
Prospectors' Sets  41
Synopsis of Mining Laws  42
Summary of Acts specially relating to Mining  42
Geological Survey of Canada  51
PROGRESS NOTES.
Lode-gold Deposits (in Areas) —
Taku River  53
Salmon River  53
Northern Coast  54
Hazelton to Houston  54
Cariboo  54
Bridge River ..  55
Kamloops  57
Stump Lake  '57
Similkameen River  57
Vernon  59 A 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Lode-gold Deposits (in Areas)—Continued. Page.
Camp McKinney .   59
Beaverdell '-  59
Jewel Lake  59
Grand Forks     59
Franklin Camp  59
Slocan ~  60
Rossland   60
Nelson  60
Toad Mountain  61
Hall Creek  61
Eagle Creek . :— 61
Sitkum Creek  61
Rover Creek  62
Ymir    62
Salmo  63
Sheep Creek  63
Erie Creek .  64
South Kootenay Lake  64
Texada Island  64
Vancouver Island  65
Zeballos„__  65
Bedwell River  66
Warn Bay  66
Alberni  66
Great Central Lake  67
Gold-copper Deposits—
Greenwood-Grand Forks  67
Rossland  67
Kaslo _■_  68
Silver-gold-lead Deposits—
Greenwood  68
Copper Deposits—
Portland Canal  68
Similkameen River  68
Nicola  69
Vancouver :_ ■  69
Copper-zinc Deposits—
Duncan  70
SlLVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS—
Beaverdell  70
Ainsworth  71
Riondel   71
Slocan :  71
Kaslo-Three Forks  71
Sandon-Three Forks 7  72
Silverton-New Denver  72
Slocan City  73
Cranbrook  73
Golden    74 CONTENTS.
A 7
Manganese Deposits—
Page.
     75
Mercury Deposits—
                     75
Takla Lake                                                    	
    .         76
Relay Creek                 ... -              •      .....
     76
Yalakom River               .  	
     77
Molybdenum Deposits—
Osoyoos	
Rosebery	
Salmo                                          -
                                    77
                                    77
              77
Tungsten Deposits—
Atlin	
Hazelton	
Cariboo                           .           ~       	
             77
 1-       78
              78
Bridge River                           	
                                  78
Beaton-Camborne                    .   .
                                    79
Trout Lake                    .              .      ....
                                    79
Nelson	
Ymir	
Salmo	
Nelway                              ....            .   	
               79
               79
                80
                                81
Rossland
                                      81
Arrow Lakes                          ■ ■'•
                                    82
Placer-gold Deposits—
Atlin                              .            	
 :                                    82
Dease Lake                           . .                        __.
                                    84
Manson Creek           • _ 	
     _              84
Takla Lake
                                    84
Cariboo
                                    84
Lillooet                     .      -
    ._    .               89
Princeton
                                    89
 _■_                                      90
Clay and Shale Deposits—
New Westminster  ...	
                                      90
Gabriola Island    	
._                                    90
Gypsum Deposits—
Falkland       .   	
                                    90
Limestone Deposits—
Koeye River ..	
               91
Grand Forks _•
               91
Texada Island.     _
                                    91
Vancouver Island	
                       91
Silica Deposits—
Grand Forks  	
                                    92
Stone, Sand, and Gravel—
Prince Rupert  	
      .                                     92
Vancouver	
New Westminster	
               92
 ..                     92
Nelson Island	
                                    92 a 8 report of the minister of mines, 1942.
Coal Mines— Page.
Production, 1942     93
Production, 1938-1942     95
Individual Mine Production, 1942 _:     96
Employment Chart , .     97
Labour and Employment     98
Coal Imports     98
Accidents...     9 8
Explosives  101
Machine-mined Coal..  102
Safety-lamps  103
Electricity  104
Ventilation 1  105
Mine-air Samples i  105
Inspection Committees  106
Coal-dust  106
Dangerous Occurrences I  106
Bumps l ,  107
Prosecutions  108
Government Rescue-stations .  108
Training  109
Supervision of Coal Mines T  109
" Coal Sales Act " 1  109
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials  110
Inspection of Coal Mines—
Vancouver Island Inspection District  111
Nicola-Princeton Inspection District  117
Northern Inspection District  123
East Kootenay Inspection District  123
Inspection of Metalliferous Mines  132
Index  137 Annual Report of the Minister of Mines, 1942.
PREFACE.
The Annual Report of the Minister of Mines, first published in 1874, has been
ever since an annual event of interest to the mining industry. The Report appeared
after the appointment of the first Minister of Mines by authority of an Act of the
Legislature, passed in the same year. Previously Provincial mining laws had been
administered by Gold Commissioners, under the direction of the Provincial Secretary,
and for many years subsequently the portfolio for mines was held by the Provincial
Secretary.
The Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines originally comprised the reports of
the Gold Commissioners; the Inspector of Coal Mines, who was appointed in 1877; and
Mining Recorders.
. A Bureau of Mines was established by an Act of the Legislature in 1895 and placed
under the supervision of the Provincial Mineralogist, whose reports first appeared in
1896. The Annual Report then comprised the reports of the Provincial Mineralogist,
the Inspector of Coal Mines, the Gold Commissioners, and Mining Recorders. The
report of the Inspector of Metalliferous Mines was added in 1899.
The organized collection of mining statistics was started by the Bureau of Mines
in 1895 and continued until 1939, when this work was taken over by the Bureau of
Economics and Statistics, Department of Trade and Industry.
The Annual Report continued to appear in this form until 1917, when under the
" Mineral Survey and Development Act " a number of Resident Mining Engineers
were added to the technical strength of the Department. From 1917 to 1933, inclusive,
the Annual Report consisted essentially of the work of the Resident Mining Engineers,
and the reports of the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders were confined largely
to office statistics and finally combined into a statistical table. In 1934 the Annual
Report appeared in sections as well as a complete volume, and continued in this form
until 1939, when the work of the Department's Mining Engineers, formerly the Resident Mining Engineers, first appeared in bulletin form.
Since 1939 the Annual Reports consist of a brief review of the mining industry,
a number of statistical tables regarding production, men employed, dividends paid,
etc., a synopsis of the mining laws of the Province, a summary of the work done by
the Department, progress notes on all active properties inspected or examined by either
the Inspection staff or the officers of the Mineralogieal Branch during the course of
the year, and the report of the Chief Inspector of Mines and his staff.
The reports of the officers of the Mineralogieal Branch are published now in bulletin form. The publication of bulletins by the Department of Mines is not a new
innovation, as forty-three bulletins covering a variety of subjects had previously been
published between 1896 and 1934, inclusive, as well as a number of separate publications. In the past the bulletins were not numbered consecutively from year to year
but only for each year, and most of them were embodied in the Annual Report. Commencing with the present series of bulletins, replacing a large part of the material
formerly contained in the Annual Report, the series is being numbered consecutively
from year to year, and to date seventeen bulletins have appeared in place of much of
the material that ordinarily would have been contained in this report and in the
Annual Reports for 1939, 1940, and 1941. A list of these bulletins, as well as other
publications available for distribution by the Department, will be found on page 38. A 10 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
THE MINING INDUSTRY.
The value of mine production in 1942 was $75,551,093, a decrease of $2,928,626
from 1941. In the figure of $75,551,093 the value of copper is based upon the London
price, which is used so that value figures in the tables in this Report will correspond
closely with Provincial figures published by the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. The
Dominion Bureau uses the London price because most of Canada's copper is sold in
London, but British Columbia's copper is sold in the United States, and the settlement
is based on the New York price, which is somewhat higher than the London price.
Since the outbreak of war the usual summary and tables reviewing and showing
detailed mine production have not been printed, and cannot be published during the
war. However, all data are being collected and will be available for publication upon
the conclusion of the war.
Compared with 1941 there was a decrease in production in the following: Lode
gold, copper, lead, and clay products. A variable increase is recorded in mercury,
tungsten, zinc, coal, non-metallics, cement, lime, etc. New products embrace arsenic,
tin, and indium. The decrease in copper production was caused chiefly by labour
shortage, created by the miners either joining the active forces or finding work in
shipyards or other war industries. An attempt was made to remedy this situation
towards the end of the year and more labour was obtained. However, as many of the
new men were unaccustomed to mine-work, the increase in production was slight.
The lode-gold mines suffered more than any other in the industry because of labour
shortages, increased costs, fixed price, restrictions on equipment, and competition with
higher paid war industries. Fourteen or fifteen gold mines and many smaller operations have closed down during the past two years, most of them in 1942, and the
majority of them war casualties. The output of these properties in 1940 had a value
of more than $5,000,000. The decrease in gold production from 1941 is between four
and five million dollars.
The war-mineral picture is particularly bright. British Columbia's mercury contribution to the war effort is something to be proud of, and it seems likely that the
Province will be amongst the future mercury producing countries of the world. British
Columbia has also become an important producer of tungsten concentrates and this
production is expected to increase materially in 1943.
Coal showed a substantial increase in 1941 compared to 1940 and this increase
continued well into 1942. From about the middle of the year, however, labour shortages and wage troubles created a shortage and, although production was greater than
in 1941, it did not reach the proportions anticipated earlier in the year.
Zinc production maintained a high level, but shortage of labour delayed additional
output from a number of idle properties.
Lead is not classed as a war metal but as a by-product of zinc-mining. Production has been satisfactory.
The Department, working in co-operation with the University of British Columbia,
the mining industry, the office of the Metals Controller, and the Dominion Department
of Mines, established a War Metals Research Board. The University supplied the
laboratories; the Department, the Metals Controller, and the Dominion Department of
Mines and Resources provided sufficient funds to carry on the work. A four-man
board, representing the University, the Provincial Department of Mines, the Mining
Association, and the Dominion Department of Mines and Resources, administered the
work. The Board uses the ore-dressing laboratories of the University of British
Columbia that are idle during the five-month summer vacation. Research-work in the
laboratories was confined to war minerals and their recovery as by-products from
existing operations, as well as treatment methods for the possible recovery of war
minerals from properties not now in production.    This work was supplementary to STATISTICS. A 11
that of the ore-dressing laboratories in Ottawa, already crowded with work, and was
closely related to the field-work of the Provincial and Dominion Departments. The
work done by the Board greatly assisted some mine operators of the Province, who
advanced funds for special research.
STATISTICS.
TABLES.
The collection and compilation of mining statistics and the preparation of statistical tables for this report is in charge of the Bureau of Economics and Statistics,
Department of Trade and Industry.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION.
The total mine output of the Province consists of the outputs of metalliferous
minerals, coal, structural materials, and miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials,
valued at standard recognized prices in Canadian funds.
In the Annual Report for 1925 some changes were made in the methods used in
previous years in computing and valuing the products of the industry, but in order to
facilitate comparisons with former years the same general style of tables was adhered
to. The methods used in the 1925 Annual Report have been followed in subsequent
Annual Reports, with the addition of new tables.
The following notes explain the methods used :•—
(1.) From the certified returns of lode mines of ore and concentrate shipments
made during the full calendar year by the producers the net recovered metal contents
have been determined by deducting from the " assay value content" necessary corrections for smelting and refining losses.
In making comparisons of production figures with previous years, it should be
remembered that prior to 1925 in the Annual Reports the total metal production, with
the exception of copper, was determined by taking the assay value content of all ores
shipped; deductions for slag losses were made by taking varying percentages of the
metal prices.
(2.) Gold-placer returns are received from operators giving production in crude
ounces recovered; these are converted to fine-gold ounces by dividing the crude-ounce
value by the old standard price of gold. The fine-gold content is then valued at the
yearly average price of gold, which in 1942 was $38.50 per ounce. On this basis the
average crude-gold value per ounce was $31.66 on Provincial placer-gold production.
(3.) The prices used in valuing the different metals are: For gold, the average
price for the year; for silver, the average New York metal-market price for the year;
for lead, the average London metal-market price for the year; and for zinc, the average
London metal-market price for the year. Copper in 1942 is valued at the average
London metal-market price. (See foot-note to Table I.) Prior to 1932 copper was
valued at the average New York price. The change was made because very little copper
was being marketed in the United States on account of high tariff charges against
importations from foreign countries. The bulk of the lead and zinc production of the
Province is sold on the basis of the London prices of these metals and they are therefore
used. The New York, St. Louis, and Montreal lead- and zinc-market prices differ
materially from the London prices of these metals and are not properly applicable to
the valuing of the British Columbia production. A 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1942.
By agreement with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Provincial Statistical Bureaus, the following procedure of taking care of the exchange fluctuations has
been agreed upon:—
(a.)   Silver to be valued at the average New York price, adjusted to Canadian
funds at the average exchange rate.
(6.)   Lead, zinc, and copper to be valued at London prices, adjusted to Canadian funds at the average exchange rate.
(4.) In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics. The practice in former years had been to list coal and coke production (in part) as primary
mineral production. Only the coke made in bee-hive ovens was so credited; that made
in by-product ovens was not listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was
credited as coal production. The result was that the coke-production figures were
incomplete. Starting with the 1926 Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau
of Statistics, Ottawa, has been adopted. This consists of crediting all coal produced,
including that used in making coke, as primary mine production. Coke-making is
considered a manufacturing industry. As it is, however, of interest to the mining
industry, a table included in the report shows the total coke produced in the Province,
together with by-products, and the values given by the producers. This valuation of
coke is not, of course, included in the total gross mine production of the Province.
From 1918 to 1930 coal production was valued at $5 per long ton. In 1931 the
price used was $4.50, and from 1932 on the price used has been $4.25 per long ton.
In making comparisons with former years the decline in dollar value is accentuated
by this lowered price. STATISTICS.
A 13
TABLE I.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1941 and 1942.
Quantity,
1941.
Quantity,
1942.
Value, 1941.
Value, 1942.
Metallics.
Gold  lode*                                                    	
571,026
43,775
444,518
32,904
$
21,984,501
1,385,962
40,231,618
3,120,053
$
17,113,943
Gold, placer*   —- - —  	
 oz.
1,041,772
38,245,536
Antimony,   arsenic,   bismuth,   cadmium,   indium,
slum, mercury, platinum, tin, tungsten 	
roagne-
6,341,167
66,722,034
62,742,418
__ tons
Fuel.
Coal   (2,240 lb.)          --	
1,802,353
1,938,158
7,660,000
8,237,172
NON-MET/ALLICS.
1,035,462
50,929
141,320
15,101
9,611
1,179,618
82,337
62,380
41,460
143,934
Iron oxides, slate and rock granules, talc 	
 tons
1,225
441
1,652
1,396
21,298
40,808
1,252,423
1,427,118
RIALS.
 No.
Clay Products and other Structural Mate
Clay Products.
Brick—
7,532,760
485,816
4,058,954
202,664
129,541
17,645
210,911
12,216
21,000
163,096
11,230
1,308
77,140
Face,  paving,  sewer brick 	
No.
7,450
219,680
795
1,095,704
843
11,467
39,353
 No.
897,418
148,179
3,106
2,481
Totals  	
566,947
508,856
Other Structural Materials.
111,858
2,228
192,640
1,780,848
286,006
60,310
151,151
2,146,676
273,933
Lime and limestone  _  	
104,856
2 709
171,574
Stone—building __   __._ __
Rubble,  riprap,   crushed rock 	
 tons
58,749
Totals..... -  <	
2,278,315
2,635,529
            1
78,479,719
75,551,093
i
Note.—In accordance with the Dominion of Canada " War Measures Act " and Foreign Exchange Control
Regulations, it is not possible to set forth Provincial production figures in as detailed a manner as was done
heretofore.
Dominion production of copper is evaluated at the average price on the London market and British Columbia
production in the above table is likewise so valued, in order that Dominion and Provincial compilations agree. It is
to be noted that British Columbia copper is contracted and paid for in U.S. funds, and if such had been used, an
appreciable amount could be added to the above Provincial value.
* Canadian funds. A 14
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
TABLE II.—Average Metal Prices used in compiling Value op Provincial
Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc.
Year.
Gold,
Fine Ounce.
Silver,
Fine Ounce.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
1901 -    .	
$
20.67
Cents.
56.002 N.Y.
49.55      „
50.78 „
53.36
51.33      „
63.45      „
62.06      „
50.22      „
48.93      „
50.812    „
50.64 „
57.79 „
56.80
52.10      „
47.20      „
62.38
77.35
91.93      „
105.57      „
95.80 „
59.52
64.14      „
61.63      „
63.442    „
69.065 „
62.107    „
56.37      „
58.176    „
52.993    „
38.154    „
28.700    „
31.671    „
37.832    „
47.461    „
64.790    „
45.127    „
44.881    „
.43.477    „
40.488    „
38.249    „
38.261    „
42.166  „
Cents.
16.11   N.Y.
11.70      „
13.24      „
12.82      „
15.59      „
19.28      „
20.00
13.20      „
12.98      „
12.738    „
12.38
16.341    „
15.27 „
13.60
17.28 „
27.202    „
27.18      „
24.63      „
18.70      „
, 17.45      „
12.50      „
13.38      „
14.42      „
13.02      „
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92
14.570    „
18.107    „
12.982    „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795    „
9.477    „
13.078    „
9.972    „
10.092    „
10.086    „
10.086    „
10.086 „
Cents.
2.577 N.Y.
3.66 „
3.81      „
3.88      „
4.24      „
4.81      „
4.80      „
3.78      „
3.85      „
4.00      „
3.98      „
4.024    „
3.93      „
3.50      „
4.17      „
6.172    „
7.91      „
6.67 „
5.19      „
7.16      „
4.09
5.16      „
6.54      „
7.287    „
7.848 Lond.
6.751    „
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050    „
3.927    „
2.710    „
2.113    „
2.391    „
2.436    „
3.133    „
3.913    „
5.110    „
3.344    „
3.169    „
3.362    „
3.362    „
3.362 „
Cents.
190!?
1903
1904
1905             - -
	
1906
1907                                       -     -
1908      .                                	
	
1909
1910
4.60 E. St. L.
1911 _.                    	
4.90     „
1912 -  	
1913
6.90      „
4.80      „
1914                                      	
4.40
1915                                     - -
11.25      „
1916 -      	
10.88      „
1917-  - _	
1918                                     	
7.566    „
6.94
1919          	
6.24
1920                                     	
6.62
1921                                    -
	
3.95      „
1922
4.86      „
1923
5.62      „
1924.—	
5.39      „
1925                -             	
7.892 Lond.
1926                                         -   -
7.409    „
1927                                           -   —
6.194    „
1928
5.493    „
1929                                     	
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
34.99
35.18
36.141
38.50
38.50
38.50
5.385    „
1930                                       - —
3.599    „
1931    	
2.554    „
1932
2.405    „
1933          -.           -
3.210    „
3.044    „
1935             . ...                  	
3.099    „
1936                                     	
3.315    „
1937
4.902    „
1938                                -
3.073    „
1939                                       	
3.069    „
1940 - -	
1941    -	
1942                        	
3.411    „
3.411    „
3.411   „
Average, 1938-42 (inclusive)  	
37.364
40.524    „
10.064    „
3.319    „
3.275    „
Note.—In making comparisons with average prices used prior to 1925, it should be remembered that deductions
were made from the average prices as a means of adjustment between the " assay value content" of ores shipped
instead of allowing percentage losses in smelting operations. The price of copper prior to 1925 was taken at " net " ;
silver, at 95 per cent.; lead, at 90 per cent.; and zinc, at 85 per cent. Subseauent to 1925 (inclusive) prices are
true averages, and adjustments are made on the metal content of ores for loss in smelting and refining.
TABLE III
Gold, placer
Gold, lode __
Total Production for all Years up to and including 1942.
      $91,075,113*
      310,331,428*
       985,483,997
Silver, copper, lead, zinc
Coal and coke	
Structural materials 	
Miscellaneous minerals, etc.
Total	
407,344,539
87,297,056
32,187,572
$1,913,719,705
* Canadian funds. STATISTICS.
A 15
TABLE IV.—Production for each Year from 1852 to 1942 (inclusive).
1852 to 1895 (inclusive)-
1896 	
1897	
1898 	
1899 	
1900	
1901 	
1902 	
1903 	
1904  __
1905 	
1906 	
1907 	
1908 	
1909 	
1910	
1911 	
1912 	
1913 	
1914	
1915 	
1916 	
1917	
1918	
1919 	
$94,547,370
7,507,956
10,455,268
10,906,861
12,393,131
16,344,751
20,086,780
17,486,550
17,495,954
18,977,359
22,461,325
24,980,546
25,882,560
23,851,277
24,443,025
26,377,066
23,499,072
32,440,800
30,296,398
26,388,825
29,447,508
42,290,462
37,010,392
41,782,474
33,296,313
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
$35,543,084
28,066,641
35,162,843
41,304,320
48,704,604
61,492,242
67,188,842
60,729,358
65,372,583
68,245,443
55,391,993
34,883,181
*28,798,406
*32,602,672
*42,305,297
1935    *48,821,239
1936
1937
1938
1939
1940
1941
1942
*54,081,967
*74,475,902
*64,485,551
*65,681,547
*75,701,155
*78,479,719
*75,551,093
Total  $1,913,719,705
* Canadian funds.
TABLE V.—Quantities
and Value of Mine Products for 1940
, 1941, and 1942.
1940.
1941.
1942.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Gold, placer* _____   oz.
Gold, lode*     oz.
Silver    __ _  .,  oz.
39,067
583,416
1
$1,236,928
22,461,516
39,498,623
7,088,265
2,534,840
2,880,983
43,775
57_1,026
$1,385,962
21,984,501
40,231,518
7,660,000
2,845,262
4,372,476
32,904
444,518
$1,041,772
17,113,943
38 245 536
Lead       lb.
Zinc  ~_  -    -. lb.
Coal    _ tons, 2,240 lb.
}
1,667,827
1,802,353
1,938,158
8,237,172
3,143,382
7,769,288
Totals _ .„. .	
$75,701,155
$78,479,719
$75,551,093
•
	
* Canadian funds. A 16
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
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© A 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
TABLE VII.—Value of Gold Production to Date.
Year.
Placer.
Lode.
Total.
1858-1862- _	
$9,871,634
16,283,592
9,895,318
9,019,201
6,579,911
3,841,515
2,525,426
356,131
405,516
481,683
544,026
513,520
643,346
1,344,900
1,278,724
970,100
1,073,140
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
948,400
828,000
647,000
477,000
540,000
426,000
555,500
510,000
565,000
770,000
580,500
496,000
320,000
286,500
221,600
233,200
368,800
420,000
420,750
280,092
355,503
156,247
143,208
118,711
152,235
291,992
395,542
562,787
714,431
895,058
1.249,940
1,558,245
1,671,015
1,478,492
1,236,928
1,385,962
1,041,772
$9,871,634
1863-1867-    .   -	
16,283,592
1868-1872. ...                 .  .
9,895,318
1873-1877	
9,019,201
1878-1882
5,579,911
1883-1887 .  .
3,841,515
1888-1892-                   	
2,525,426
1893           ,       . .
$23,404
125,014
785,400
1,244,180
2,122,820
2,201,217
2,857,573
3,453,381
4,348,603
4,888,269
4,812,616
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,513
5,322,442
5,627,490
5,109,004
5,167,934
4,587,334
2,367,190
3,403,812
3,150,645
2,481,392
2,804,154
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535 .
4,335,269
4,163,859
3,679,601
3,888,097
3,004,419
3,323,576
3,018,894
4,261,307
6,392,929
10,250,985
12,852,936
14,168,654
16,122,727
19,613,624
21,221,272
22,461,516
21,984,501
17,113,943
379,535
1894          	
530,530
1895  _	
1,267,083
1896       	
1,788,206
1897-  	
1898 .-  	
1899     .  ...
2,636,340
2,844,563
4,202,473
1900 ..-. _.. ._	
1901
1902 	
4,732,105
5,318,703
5,961,409
1903             	
5,873,036
1904             	
5,704,908
1905               -  -
5,902,402
1906     	
5,579,039
1907	
4,883,020
1908                 - _	
5,929,880
1909                    	
5,401,090
1910                  - -
6,073,380
1911                           	
5,151,513
1912                     	
5.877,942
1913     - -
1914    -
1915 	
6,137,490
5,674,004
5,937,934
1916                 -	
5,167,834
1917  	
2,863,190
1918     -
1919                 -
3,723,812
3,437,145
1920                    - 	
2,702,992
1921       	
3,037,354
4,458,484
1923                    -	
4,124,994
1924                      	
5,541,285
1925       ' -  ---
4,615,361
1926                  	
4,519,362
3,835,848
1928           ~ - 	
4,031,305
1929                 -	
3,123,130
3,475,811
1931	
3,310,886
1932                	
4,656,849*
6,955,716*
1934                   	
10,965,416*
1935   -. .
13,747,994*
1936                  —	
15,418,594*
1937	
17,680,972*
1938      - - 	
21,284,639*
1939              — — -	
22,699,764*
1940                 -
23,698,444*
1941         	
23,370,463*
1942                     	
18,155,715*
$91,075,113
$310,331,428
$401,406,541*
* Canadian funds. STATISTICS.
A 19
1836-1885	
1886       	
Tons.
(2,240 1b.)
     3,029,011
326.636
1887                413.360
1888   	
489,301
1889   „ -.-
        579,830
1890   	
.—   ..          678,140
1891    -
     1,029,097
1892 	
1893   	
         826,335
         978,294
1894   .- -
-     1,012,953
1895	
        939,654
1896   .-	
            896,222
1897. „    -
        882,854
1898   	
     1,135,865
1899	
-     1,306,324
1900    	
     1,439,595
1901   	
      1,460,331
1902   .-	
      1,397,394
1903	
     1,168,194
1904. 	
1905   	
....    1,253,628
1,384,312
1906 --	
1907    - -
     1,517,303
1,800,067
1908 	
1909   	
...    1,677,849
.-     2,006,476
1910
2,800,046
1911  	
1912    	
-    2,193,062
       2,628,804
1913..    	
     2,137,483
1914    	
     1.810.967
TABLE XIV.—Coal Production per Year to Date.*
Value.
$9,468,557
979,908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2,034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,818,962
2,688,666
2,648,562
3,407,595
3,918,972
4,318,785
4,380,993
4,192,182
3,504,582
3,760,884
4,152,936
4,551,909
6,300,235
5,872,472
7,022,666
9,800,161
7,675,717
9,200,814
7,481,190
6,338,385
Tons.
Value.
(2,240 1b.)
1915	
..     1,611,129
$5,638,952
1916 -
     2,084,093
7,294,325
1917  	
     2,149,975
7,524,913
1918	
     2,302,245
11,511,225
1919 	
     2,267,541
11,337,705
1920	
     2,595,125
12,975,625
1921 	
     2,483,995
12,419,975
1922	
     2,511,843
12,559,215
1923. 	
     2,453,223
12,266,115
1924. 	
     1,939,526
9,697,630
1925	
  -.    2,328,522
11,642,610
1926	
      2,330,036
11,650,180
1927 	
2,453,827
12,269,135
1928.	
     2,526,702
12,633,510
1929 	
2,251,252
11,256,260
1930 	
     1,887,130
9,435,650
1931 	
     1,707,590
7,684,155
1932 -.- -	
         1,534,975
6,523,644
1933   -
     1,264,746
5,375,171
1934 ...
1,347,090
5,725,133
1935 —- 	
          1,187,968
5,048,864
1936	
     1,346,471
5,722,502
1937	
     1,444,687
6,139,920
1938 ....
1,309,428
5,565,069
1939  '	
        1,477,872
6,280,956
1940 	
       1,667,827
7,088,265
1941	
     1,802,353
7,660,000
1942  	
     1,938,158
8,237,172
Totals	
   95,404,716
$381,670,939
* For all years to 1925   (inclusive)   figures are net coal production and do not include coal made into coke; subsequent figures are entire coal production,  including coal made into coke.
TABLE XV.—Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia
from 1895 to 1925.
1895-97 	
1898 (estimated)   	
Tons.
(2,240 lb.)
19,396
      35,000
Value.
$96,980
175,000
171,256
425,745
635,405
640,075
827,715
1,192,140
1,358,925
996,135
1,337,478
1,484,394
1,552,218
1,308,174
396,030
1,585,998
1913	
1914. 	
1915	
Tons.
(2,2401b.)
.   286,045
234,577
245,871
267,725
159,905
188,967
91,138
.      67,792
-      59,434
.     45,835
58,919
.      30,615
75,185
Value.
$1,716,270
1,407,462
1899... 	
34,251
..   -      85,149
1,475,226
1900     '	
1916   . _              	
1,606,350
1901	
..    127,081
1917
959,430
1902  _.	
128,015
165,543
.    238,428
1918 ,..:,...,
1919  	
1,322,769
1903.	
637,966
1904    - 	
1920....-  	
1921  	
1922  	
1923  	
1924
474,544
1905	
    271,785
416,038
1906    	
199,227
-     -    222,913
320,845
412,433
1907 - -	
1908    ._. -	
-     .    247,399
214,305
1909 	
258,703
1925- 	
Totals           .
526,295
1911.	
66,005
.4,393,255
$25,673,600
1912	
    264,333 A 20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
TABLE XVI.—Coke and By-products Production of British Columbia,
1941 and 1942.
Description.
Quantity.
1942.
Quantity.
Value.
Coal used in making coke, long tons  	
Coke made in bee-hive ovens, long tons  	
Coke made in by-product ovens, long tons -	
Coke made in gas plants, long tons —	
Total coke made, long tons — - —
Gas sold and used   —-  -
Tar produced 	
Other by-products -   	
Total production value of coke industry
210,544
$717,584
57.774
77,371
7,480
$392,473
467,440
43,758
142,625
$903,671
1,925,270
63,569
1,716
$2,894,226
228,448
59,664
86,096
5,829
151,!
$866,795
$439,464
608,521
54,307
$1,102,292
2,165,888
86,113
22,028
$3,376,321
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1942.
Lode-gold Mines*
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Arlington 	
Athabasca — 	
Bayonne   —  _.
Bralorne   —-   —
Belmont-Surf Inlet 	
Cariboo Gold Quartz   - —
Cariboo-McKinney - —  	
Canadian Pacific Exploration  -—
Centre Star-— - —  	
Fairview Amalgamated 	
Fern    -	
Goodenough     -
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd 	
Hedley Mascot   —	
Island Mountain   —	
I.X.L -     	
Jewel-Denero  -   	
Kelowna Exploration (Nickel Plate).—	
Kootenay Belle    	
Le Roi Mining Co  	
Le Roi No. 2 —- -	
Lome     	
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd 	
Nickel Plate- -	
Pioneer     	
Poorman... — —	
Premier   	
Privateer    	
Queen    _ 	
Relief Arlington Mines, Ltd. (Second Relief) _
Reno     	
Sheep Creek Mines, Ltd   _	
Silbak Premier— — _.
Spud Valley Gold Mines, Ltd 	
Sunset No. 2  __ _	
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd	
War Eagle   -	
Motherlode - -	
Ymir Gold-   _	
Ymir Yankee Girl  	
Miscellaneous mines  	
Total, lode-gold mines -
Erie _	
Nelson 	
Tye Siding 	
Bridge River	
Princess Royal Island-
Wells   	
Camp McKinney	
Nelson 	
Rossland 	
Oliver	
Nelson 	
Ymir 	
Sheep Creek .
Hedley	
Wells	
Rossland	
Greenwood ....
Hedley	
Sheep Creek-
Rossland	
Rossland	
Bridge River.-
Zeballos	
Hedley	
Bridge River -
Nelson	
Premier	
Zeballos	
Sheep Creek-
Erie 	
Sheep Creek ..
Sheep Creek ..
Premier	
Zeballos	
Rossland	
Surf Inlet	
Rossland	
Sheep Creek—
Ymir	
Ymir  -
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
Gold
$94,872
25,000
25,000
9,591,650
1,437,500
1,559,968
565,588
37,500
472,255
7,922
15,000
13,931
255,000
1,154,704
903,616
134,033
11,751
1,110,000
347,856
i,475,000
1,574,640
20,450
165,000
3,423,191
9,211,771
25,000
19,658,075
1,693,315
85,000
245,000
tl,302,040
1,931.250
1,800,000
168,000
115,007
120,279
1,245,250
162,500
300,000
178,001
99,263
$62,761,187
* The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
t Includes $376,000 " Return of Capital " in 1942. STATISTICS.
A 21
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1942—Continued.
Silver-lead-zinc Mines.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Beaver dell-Wellington..
Bell--- 	
Bosun (Rosebery-Surprise).
Capella __  	
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.
Couverapee     	
Duthie Mines, Ltd _   ,
Florence Silver  __ —_ _
Goodenough __ 	
H.B. Mining Co.    	
Highland Lass, Ltd.-   _ 	
Highland Bell, Ltd. _—  	
Horn Silver —   	
Idaho-Alamo -  .  	
Iron Mountain (Emerald).
Jackson  __	
Last Chance 	
Lone Bachelor	
Lucky Jim 	
Mercury __  	
Meteor  	
Monitor and Ajax_
Mountain Con	
McAllister	
Noble Five  	
North Star-„__ —
No. One	
Ottawa _-_
Payne     	
Providence	
Queen Bess	
Rambler-Cariboo-
Reco	
Ruth Mines, Ltd—
St. Eugene	
Silversmith*	
Slocan Silver —.,-	
Slocan Star*	
Spokane-Trinket	
Standard Silver Lead	
Sunset and Trade Dollar..
Utica ___    	
Wallace Mines, Ltd. (Sally),
Washington _ 	
Whitewater  „
Miscellaneous mines. __.
Total, silver-lead-zinc mines-
Rambler 	
Beaverdell 	
Beaverdell	
New Denver	
New Denver.	
Trail  ._____ __
Field	
Smithers  	
Ainsworth __
Cody. .—	
Hall Creek	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell ____ _
Similkameen.-	
Sandon 	
Salmo	
Retallack -	
Three Forks	
Sandon ____	
Three Forks 	
Sandon	
Slocan City	
Three Forks	
Cody— 	
Three Forks	
Cody.  	
Kimberley 	
Sandon _	
Slocan City	
Sandon	
G r een wood	
Alamo  ..-..
Rambler. 	
Cody __	
Sandon	
Moyie 	
Sandon—	
Alamo	
Sandon 	
Ainsworth	
Silverton.	
Retallack.	
Kaslo 	
Beaverdell	
Rambler Station..
Retallack 	
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z]
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lea d-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z.
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lead
Silver-lead-z:
Silver-lea d-z:
* These two properties are now amalgamated as Silversmith Mines, Ltd., August, 1939.
Amount
paid.
110
$10,000
97,200
476,297
27,500
5,500
,076,312
5,203
50,000
35,393
45,668
8,904
132,464
580,620
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,109
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257
27,500
71,387
45,088
72,859
496,901
6,754
107,928
438,000
98,024
25,000
575,000
332,492
165,000
566,000
725,000
11,600
567,500
9,564
700,000
88,000
64,000
135,000
38,000
592,515
70,237
$121,385,776 A 22
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1942—Continued.
Copper Mines.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Britannia M. & S. Co.*	
Canada Copper Corporation-
Cornell  _
Britannia Beach _
Greenwood	
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co.f-
Marble Bay	
Hall Mines  —	
Texada Island 	
Copper Mountain	
Texada Island	
Nelson	
Miscellaneous mines..
Copper..
Copper,.
Copper-
Copper,.
Copper..
Copper-
Copper..
$11,327,517
615,399
8,500
9,151,057
175,000
233,280
261,470
Total, copper mines.
$21,772,223
* The Howe Sound Company is the holding company for the Britannia mine in British Columbia and other
mines in Mexico and the State of Washington. Dividends paid by the Howe Sound Company are therefore derived
from all operations, and m the foregoing table the dividends credited to the Britannia mine have been paid by the
Britannia Mining and Smelting Company, Limited, none being credited subsequent to 1930, until 1939, In making
comparison with yearly totals the amounts credited to the Howe Sound Company have been deducted for the years
shown, so the total in the annual report concerned will show the higher figure. Dividends paid by Premier Gold
Mining Company, Limited, are derived from operations in British Columbia and other countries, and so cannot now
be credited to British Columbia. Silbak Premier is a subsidiary of Premier Gold Mining Company, and dividends
paid by that company are, of course, included in Provincial totals.
f The amount shown to the credit of the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company, Limited,
does not include the sum of $6,749,996 paid by the company during 1935 and 1936 as a distribution or repayment of
capital, subsequent to the closing-down of its operations at Anyox and the company going into voluntary liquidation.
Operations ceased at Anyox in August, 1935. The company since that date has revived its business charter and is
conducting operations at Allenby and Copper Mountain, B.C.
The term " Miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under, together
with payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance
given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject.
Coal.
Wellington Collieries, Ltd., Nanaimo  $16,000,000
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd., Fernie  12,868,018
Total  $28,868,018
Miscellaneous and Structural.
Various
$2,438,080
Aggregate of all Classes.
Lode-gold mining  $62,761,187
Silver-lead-zinc mining and smelting  121,385,776
Copper-mining   21,772,223
Coal-mining __  28,868,018
Miscellaneous, structural, and placer gold  2,438,080
Total..
$237,225,284 STATISTICS.
A 23
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1942—Continued.
Dividends paid Yearly, 1917-1942, inclusive.
Year.
Amount paid.
1917      $3,269,494
  2,704,469
  2,494,283
  1,870,296
  736,629
  3,174,756
  2,983,570
  2,977,276
  5,853,419
  8,011,137
  8,816,681
  . 9,572,536
1929  11,263,118
1930  10,543,500
1918.
1919,
1920,
1921,
1922,
1923,
1924,
1925,
1926,
1927,
1928,
Year. Amount paid.
1931  $4,650,857
1932  2,786,958
1933  2,471,735
1934  4,745,905
1935  7,386,070
1936  10,513,705
1937  15,085,293
1938  12,068,875
1939  11,865,698
1940  14,595,530
1941  16,598,110
1942  13,627,104
Total  $190,667,004
Dividends paid during 1941 and 1942.
Arlington (R. O. Oscarson) 	
Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd.	
Bralorne Mines, Ltd.	
Britannia Mining and Smelting Co., Ltd.
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mines, Ltd.	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Co. of Canada, Ltd       8,189,531
The Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd	
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd	
Granby  Consolidated  Mining,  Smelting
, and Power Co., Ltd. 	
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd.	
Highland Bell, Ltd	
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd. 	
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd.	
Kelowna Exploration, Ltd. (Nickel Plate)
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd. 	
Privateer Mine, Ltd. 	
Relief Arlington Mines, Ltd.	
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd.  300,000
Silbak Premier Mines, Ltd.   400,000
Spud Valley Gold Mines, Ltd.  84,000
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd. 53,457
Ymir Yankee Girl, Ltd.  ..... 44,500
Others   304,262
1941.
1942.
$4,900
$18,305
■ 25,000
1,496,400
1,496,400
2,835,676
266,701
319,994
173,330
8,189,531
8,189,553
186,354
186,354
51,000
102,000
270,140
315,163
181,130
181,130
105,268
105,268
189,129
136,593
44,016
300,000
240,000
55,000
700,700
402,903
392,653
319,030
90,000
376,000
375,000
400,000
26,729
291,645
Totals
$16,598,110        $13,627,104 A 24
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
TABLE XVIII,
-Capital employed, Salaries and Wages, Fuel and Electricity,
and Process Supplies, 1942.
Class.
Capital
employed.
Salaries
and Wages.
Fuel and
Electricity.
Process
Supplies.
Lode-mining	
Placer-mining,
Coal-mining	
Miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials-
Structural materials industry 	
$95,973,335
1,096,440
21,673,430
14,890,728
6,743,635
Totals, 1942
Grand
Grand
Grand
Grand
Grand
Grand
Grand
Grand
$140,377,568
totals, 1941.,	
totals, 1940 _
totals, 1939	
totals, 1938-	
totals, 1937	
totals, 1936	
totals, 1935	
totals, 1935-42-
$141,454,342
139,694,733
135,473,482
153,012,848
145,520,641
142,663,065
143,239,953
$19,087,848
296,079
4,601,532
1,859,819
1,067,882
$26,913,160
$26,050,491
23,391,330
22,357,035
22,765,711
21,349,690
17,887,619
16,753,367
177,468,403
$5,959,645
60,217
269,905
389,881
386,461
$7,066,109
$3,776,747
3,474,721
2,066,203
3,396,106
3,066,311
2,724,144
2,619,639
28,189,980
$4,882,627
20,806
521,634
'  1,279,474
158,857
$6,863,398
$7,260,441
6,962,162
6,714,347
6,544,500
6,845,330
4,434,501
4,552,730
50,177,409
Note.—The above figures, compiled from returns on the subject made by companies and individuals, illustrate
the amount of capital employed in the mining industry, the amount of money distributed in salaries and wages,
fuel and electricity, and process supplies  (explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.).
Capital employed includes: Present cash value of the land (excluding minerals) ; present value of buildings,
fixtures, machinery, tools, and other equipment; inventory value of materials on hand, ore in process, fuel and
miscellaneous supplies on hand; inventory value of finished products on hand; operating capital (cash, bills and
accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, etc.).
TABLE XIX.—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode
Minerals, 1901-1942.
Year.
Tonnage.
No. of Shipping-mines.
No. of Mines
shipping
over 100
Tons.
Net Value
to Shipper of
Lode Minerals
produced.
Gross Value
of Lode
Minerals
produced.
1901	
920,416
998,999
1,286,176
1,461,609
1,706,679
1,963,872
1,804,114
2,083,606
2,057,713
2,216,428
1,770,755
2,688,532
2,663,809
2,175,971
2,690,110
3,188,865
2,761,579
2,892,849
2,112,975
2,178,187
1,562,645
1,573,186
2,421,839
3,397,105
3,849,269
4,775,073
5,416,021
6.241,310
6,977,681
6,803,846
5,549,103
4,340,158
4,030,978
5,116,897
4,916,148
4,381,027
6,145,144
7,377,021
7,211,223
7,937,358
7,938,803
6,708,277
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
168
185
211
217
216
200
128
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
51
58
56
59
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
32
22
29
47
69
72
70
113
92
99
92
96
76
$14,100,282
1902	
11,581,153
1903	
12,103,237
1904                                 	
1905                                 	
1906 	
18,484 102
1907	
1908                              	
15,847,411
1909	
1910	
1911                            	
11.454,063
17,662,766
17,190,838
15,225,061
19,992,149
31,483,014
26,788,474
27,590,278
19,750,498
19,444,365
1912                    	
1913,   .                                          	
1914                                          	
1915. . .                                             	
1916                          	
1917	
1918                             	
1919	
1920 „
1921 	
1922	
19,227,857
25,347,092
35,538,247
46,200,135
51,508,031
44,977,082
48,281,825
51,174,859
40,915,395
22,535,573
19,700,235
25,007,137
33,895,930
40,597,569
43,666,452
62,912,783
53,877,333
53,522,098
62,848,642
62,216,019
55,359,479
1923	
1924                       	
1925	
1926	
$38,558,613
27,750,364
29,070,075
34,713,887
21,977,688
10,513,931
7,075,393
13,976,358
20,243,278
25,407,914
30,051,207
44,703,788
35,759,352
40,711,287
43,550,732
46,686,076
45,197,803
1927	
1928 ,	
1929	
1930	
1931                    	
1932	
1933	
1934                   	
1935	
1936	
1937 :	
1938	
1939	
1940	
1941	
1942	
I STATISTICS.
A 25
TABLE XX.—Men employed in the Mining Industry of British Columbia,
1901-1942.
Lode-mining.
a
Coal-mining.
Structural
Materials.
Is
1901-
1902,
1903,
1904..
1905,
1906,
1907..
1908-
1909-
1910,
1911-
1912-
1913,
1914,
1915-
1916,
1917,
1918-
1919-
1920-
1921-
1922,
1923..
1924-
1925-
1926,
1927,
1928,
1929,
1930-
1931-
1932..
1933-
1934-
1935-
1936,
1937,
1938,
1939,
1940,
1941,
1942,
299
415
355
341
425
688
874
1,134
1,122
1,291
1,124
1,371
1,303
1,252
1,004
939
489
2,736
2,219
1,662
2,143
2,470
2,680
2,704
2,567
2,184
2,472
2,435
2,472
2,773
2,741
2,709
3,357
3,290
2,626
2,513
2,074
1,355
1,510
2,102
2,353
2,298
2,606
2,671
2,707
2,926
2,316
1,463
1,355
1,786
2,796
2,740
2,959
3,603
3,849
3,905
3,923
3,901
2,920
1,212
1,126
1,088
1,163
1,240
1,303
1,239
1,127
1,070
1,237
1,159
1,364
1,505
1,433
1,435
2,036
2,198
1,764
1,746
1,605
975
1,239
1,516
1,680
2,840
1,735
1,916
2,469
2,052
1,260
834
900
1,335
1,729
1,497
1,840
1,818
2,266
2,050
2,104
1,823
1,504
3,948
3,345
2,750
3,306
3,710
3,983
3,943
3,694
3,254
3,709
3,594
3,837
4,278
4,174
4,144
5,393
5,488
4,390
4,259
3,079
2,330
2,749
3,618
4,033
5,138
4,341
808
4,587
854
5,176
911
4,978
966
3,576
832
2,297
581
2,255
542
3,121
531
4,525
631
4,237
907
4,799
720
5,421
1,168
6,115
919
5,955
996
6,027
1,048
5,724
1,025
4,424
960
2,461
2,842
2,748
2,948
3,197
3,157
2,036
2,436
2,890
2,771
2,678
3,027
3,158
3,187
2,944
3,072
3,555
3,041
3,101
3,137
3,278
3,127
3,415
2,862
4,432
4,713
5,903
5,212
5,275
4,950
4,267
3,708
3,694
3,760
3,658
4,145
4,191
4,722
4,712
4,342
3,894
3,828
3,757
3,646
3,814
3,675
3,389
2,957
2,628
2,241
2,050
2,145
2,015
2,286
2,088
2,167
2,175
2,229
1,892
931
910
1,127
1,175
1,280
1,390
907
1,041
1,705
1,855
1,661
1,855
1,721
1,465
1,283
1,360
1,410
1,709
1,821
2,158
2,163
1,932
1,807
1,524
1,615
1,565
1,579
1,520
1,353
1,256
1,125
980
853
843
826
799
867
874
809
699
494
468
3,974
4,011
4,264
4,453
4,407
4,805
3,769
6,073
6,418
7,758
6,873
7,130
6,671
5.732
4,991
5,060
5,170
5,247
5,966
6,349
6,885
6.644
6,149
5,418
5,443
5,322
5,225
5,334
5,028
4,645
4,082
3,608
3,094
2,893
2,971
2,814
3,153
2,962
2,976
2,874
2,723
2,360
I-
493
647
412
492
843
460
536
376
377
536
931
724
900
652
827
766
842
324
138
368
544
344
526
329
269
187
270
288
327
295
311
334
413
378
124
122
120
268
170
380
344
408
360
754
825
938
369
561
647
422
262
7,922
7,356
7,014
7,759
8,117
8,788
7,712
9,767
9,672
11,467
10,467
10,967
10,949
9,906
9,135
10,453
10,658
9,637
10,225
10,028
9,215
9,393
9,767
9,451
10,581
14,172
14,830
15,424
15,565
14,032
12,171
10,524
11,369
12,985
13,737
14,179
16,129
16,021
15,890
15,705
15,084
13,270*
* The average number of wage-earners was obtained by adding the monthly figures for individual companies and
dividing by 12 irrespective of the number of months worked, the average number of wage-earners in the industry is
the sum of these individual averages. A 26
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1942.
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A 29
DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
MINERALOGICAL BRANCH.
B. T. O'Grady worked with the Superintendent of Brokers as well as investigating
the possibilities of transportation to mining properties in different parts of the Province. In February he left the Department and was attached to the Headquarters
Pacific Command as Field Supervisor, Northern British Columbia Coast, to organize
the Pacific Coast Militia Rangers.
J. T. Mandy continued to be in charge of the Prince Rupert sampling plant and
assisted prospectors and small producers of war minerals.
H. Sargent investigated tungsten and other strategic minerals in several sections
of the Province, chiefly near Salmo. During the early part of the year he accumulated
data upon potential base-metal properties.
M. S. Hedley examined all likely properties in the Similkameen and Grand Forks-
Greenwood areas for tungsten. Later he replaced R. J. Maconachie at Nelson and
made a thorough examination of the Emerald and other properties near Salmo.
J. S. Stevenson investigated the tungsten and manganese possibilities of the
Cariboo and along the Canadian National Railways as far as Hazelton. He also superintended the diamond-drilling of molybdenite at Boss Mountain.
J. M. Cummings continued his work on industrial minerals and also upon the
recovery of scheelite from low-grade ores. He spent most of the summer at the
University of British Columbia assisting the War Metals Research Board in its investigations of many war-mineral ore-dressing and metallurgical problems.
R. J. Maconachie made examinations of tungsten properties in the Bridge River
and in the vicinity of Nelson and later at Salmo. About the end of June he resigned
to take a position with an eastern firm.    He later joined the Canadian Air Force.
Stuart S. Holland investigated the mica possibilities along the Canadian National
Railways south of Tete Jaune and in the vicinity of Mica Mountain north of Canim
Lake.    He also investigated tungsten in the Cariboo and at Trout Lake.
W. H. Mathews assisted in the spectrographic laboratory at Victoria and also
made examinations of mercury near Kamloops and tungsten properties at Stewart and
Alice Arm.
C. B. Newmarch made a reconnaissance survey of Incomappleux River and
McDougal Creek for tin and tungsten. He also examined manganese prospects at
Arrowhead and investigated tungsten and mica possibilities in the Big Bend area
north of Revelstoke.
GOLD PURCHASING.
Late in 1935 the Department of Finance, co-operating with the Department of
Mines, undertook to purchase small lots of placer gold under 2 oz. in weight from the
individual placer-miner. The Gold Commissioners throughout the Province are paying
a cash price of $29 per ounce for clean placer gold and are purchasing dirty placer gold
and amalgam on a deferred-payment basis. Purchases made under this arrangement
are as follows:-—
Year.
No. of Lots.
Paid.
Paid per Oz.
1936     	
1937                     	
1,470
1,657
2,397
2,322
1,336
631
229
$50,000
52,250
72,000
60,000
31,600
16,825
8,068
$28.00
28.00
1938                                         	
28 00
1939                                	
29.00
1940                                                	
29.00
1941                                                         	
29.00
1942                                       	
29.00
Totals  	
10,042
$290,743 A 30
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
The object of this purchasing scheme is to give the individual, miner the best
possible price for his gold, and this has been realized in that the total price paid has
been almost exactly the same as that received from the Royal Canadian Mint, except
for the mint's handling charge of 1 per cent.
The foregoing figures show also that the individual miner benefited at a time
when work was scarce and that now he is obtaining more remunerative employment.
SAMPLING PLANT, PRINCE RUPERT.
BY
Joseph T. Mandy.
During 1942 war conditions and the adverse effects of these on prospecting,
exploration, development, and mining of all ore-deposits, except those of the war
metals, resulted in a marked decrease of small-tonnage shipments by prospectors and
small operators to the sampling plant.
A number of shipments were, however, received from gold, silver, and base-metal
properties. The service of the plant proved very useful also in directing exploratory
work on, and bulk-sampling of, several war-metal ore-deposits. It assisted also in the
solution of metallurgical and marketing problems relative to small-tonnage production.
An increasing number of prospectors, through personal conference and correspondence, also availed themselves of the service, especially in the direction of their search
for war-metal deposits; and 270 samples from 104 different individuals were received
for examination and determination, and detailed reports were submitted concerning
them.
In the late autumn field examinations of several properties in the Tahtsa River
and Whitesail Lake areas were carried out.
It is of interest to note that since the inception of the sampling plant service in
August, 1937, and up to December 31st, 1942, the plant has handled 726 shipments
for which $49,227.63 has been paid to shippers. During the same period thirty-eight
shipments have been made by the plant to the smelters, for which $49,421.27 has been
received. This sums up to the remarkably small difference of 0.391 per cent, between
the value of the purchase of the ore by the plant and the value of the sale to the
smelters, and illustrates the high degree of accuracy attained by the hand-sampling
method employed in the plant.
The following is a synopsis of the operating details of the plant for the year 1942,
from January 1st to December 31st:—
Class of Shipments.
No. of
Shipments.
No. of
Different
Properties.
Weight of
Shipments.
3
37
16
2
13
12
Dry Tons.
4.7995
Totals   - -	
56
27
Shipments from Sampling Plant to Smelters.
Number of shipments to smelters (Lots 37 and 38)   2
Dry tons paid for by smelters      36.6285*
Paid out by plant on Ore Purchasing Account  $3,436.16
Received from smelters  $3,604.12
* Difference between this figure and the total weight of shipments received during the year  (30.6151 dry tons)
is accounted for by carry-over at the end of 1941 and end of 1942.
The details of the tonnage, bulk test lots, and assay lots, with relative assay and
analysis results, follow. DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 31
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CD    CO    CD DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 33
CHEMICAL LABORATORY.
BY
G. Cave-Browne-Cave.
During the year 1942 the staff of the Department of Mines chemical laboratory
performed 3,033 assays for precious and base metals in ores. Of these, 2,597 were for
bona-ff.de prospectors and for departmental engineers and 436 were for the Government sampling plant at Prince Rupert. A sharp increase in the number of assays for
strategic metals was noted.
Proximate analyses and B.T.U. determinations were made on 51 coal samples. Of
these, twenty-one were for the Department of Mines and thirty were for the Department of Public Works.
As a part of a free service offered to bona-fide prospectors, 202 samples were
examined and the minerals identified.
During the year 278.2 oz. of placer gold was received from the Gold Commissioners,
who are purchasing amounts up to 2 oz. to aid the prospectors in disposing of their-
placer gold.
For the Attorney-General's Department seventeen examinations of a chemico-legal
nature were undertaken. Of these, three were toxicological analyses of pathological
specimens and nine were analyses of contaminated earth for arsenic. The rest were
of a varied nature, involving the examination of such samples as paint-chips, contents
of an ampulla suspected of being nitro-glycerine, wine, and crystals found in canned
salmon which proved to be calcium magnesium phosphate crystals.
Analyses of fourteen boiler-water samples for mineral composition submitted by
the Department of Public Works and analyses of sixteen samples of limestone submitted by the Department of Agriculture were made by the staff. One toxicological
analysis was made for the Department of Agriculture.
Full use was made of the grating spectrograph and accessories installed in the
laboratory last year. During the year complete qualitative analyses were made on 334
prospectors' samples. Standard curves were worked out whereby quantitative analyses
can be made for tungsten, tin, copper, lead, and zinc in ores. A part of the 1943 programme involves the preparation of standard curves so that quantitative analyses can
be made for several other strategic metals in ores. Further, quantitative analyses were
made on some 500 pure mineral specimens taken from the Department of Mines
museum. These mineral specimens represented certain areas in the Province. This
work is part of a major project, the purpose of which is the complete analysis of pure
minerals occurring in selected areas of the Province. The immediate purpose of the
project is, however, a search for strategic metals. All except obviously worthless
samples, submitted by bona-fide prospectors, are now analysed completely by the spectrograph.    This complete analysis includes an examination for strategic metals.
No fees were charged for work done for other Government Departments, but had
such fees been charged they would have amounted to the following:—
Attorney-General's Department .      $400.00
Department of Public Works        450.00
Department of Agriculture        100.00
Liquor Control Board  5.00
Miscellaneous         130.00
$1,085.00
Provincial Government examinations for certificates of competency and licence to
practise assaying in British Columbia were held in May and December.    Three candidates sat for the examinations, of whom two were granted licences to practise assaying
in this Province. A 34
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1942.
ADMINISTRATIVE BRANCH.
Amalgamation of Mining Divisions.
In line with the Department's policy to consolidate Mining Divisions, in order to
facilitate handling of mining records, both in the public interest and that of the
Department, the following amalgamations were made during the year 1942:—
Mining Divisions consolidated.
Effective Date.
Name of Mining Division.
Mining
Recorder's Office.
October 15, 1942 _ ,
October 15, 1942  _
Slocan    _
Nanaimo	
Quatsino and Nanaimo __	
December 1, 1942	
December 1, 1942 __ -, , .
Nanaimo.
Amalgamation of Offices and Central Records Office.
The Vancouver offices of the Dominion Department of Mines and Resources and
the Provincial Department of Mines have been amalgamated.
The Provincial Department's Engineer, the Gold Commissioner and Mining
Recorder for the Vancouver Mining Division, and the officers of the Dominion Geological Survey and Explosives Inspection Branch now occupy one suite of offices. All
official information relating to mining is now available to the public in the one suite
of offices.
The service includes technical information on mining, the identification of mineral
specimens, distribution of Dominion and Provincial mining publications, a reference
room, a display of rocks and minerals, and a central records office.
The central records office is a new service. Returns from all Mining Recorders
are being made to the central office semi-monthly. They include information as to the
ownership of claims staked, placer-mining leases issued, certificates of work and bills
of sale recorded. In the course of a year records are expected to be complete up to the
latest semi-monthly return. The approximate positions of claims, from information
supplied by the locators, are being shown on a series of reference maps available for
public inspection in the central records office. DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 35
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders
in the Province.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Sub-recorder.
Atlin 	
Atlin  _	
G. H. Hallett	
G. H. Hallett __
A. E. Roddis.
Squaw Creek__ 	
A. E. Roddis. .',,
E. W. Mayfield.
Stikine  	
Telegraph Creek ._ 	
Boundary via Telegraph
Creek
A. E. Roddis _	
J. V. Rees.
Sub-office	
Fort St. John ___ 	
Dease Lake Townsite
Mrs. M. B. McLeod.
R. A. Farrell.
E. W. Mayfield.
N. A. Watt 	
N. A. Watt -	
J. G. Garrett.
Copper River. 	
Terrace   _   _^..
Stewart (Portland Canal)
Rosswood      ,
Kimsquit via Bella Coola
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office  ...
G. H. Hill.
Sub-office	
A. Fisher__ ,	
W. F. C. Trant.
Sub-office	
Stewart  	
Anyox 	
N. A. Watt (at Prince
Rupert)
Sub-office —
Omineca 	
Smithers___  	
H. A. Bryant 	
H. A. Bryant	
W. F. C Trant.
Fort St. James  	
W. B. Steele.
T. J. Thorp.
Prince George 	
Kimsquit via Bella Coola
Fort St. John 	
Mrs. M. B. McLeod.
Usk. --
Mrs. Wilhemina
Aiken.
W. E. Horwill.
Copper River___ ___
Pouce Coupe  ____.
Fort St. John ________	
Prince George  	
M. S. Morrell	
M. S. Morrell	
Mrs. M. B. McLeod.
Barkerville  	
Quesnel ,„ 	
Sydney Allen
(Deputy)
W. E. McLean.
Sub-office -_— 	
Miss J. Foster
(Deputy)
R. J. A. Dorrell
E. C. Lunn.
Miss J. Foster
(Deputy)
Sub-office 	
Quesnel 	
E. C. Lunn.
H. W. Speed.
Barkerville	
Horsefly  _ _	
W. E. McLean.
A. B. Campbell.
A. H. Watkins.
Clinton  — _
R. J. A. Dorrell	
Sub-office 	 A 36
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
List of Gold Commissioners, Mining Recorders, and Sub-mining Recorders
in the Province—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner. Mining Recorder.
Sub-recorder.
Kamloops _
Sub-office...
gab-office-
Sub-office .
Ashcroft	
Sub-office —
Nicola  —
Similkameen.	
Vernon	
Sub-office	
Greenwood	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Osoyoos ..—	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office 	
Golden	
Sub-office	
Fort Steele	
Sub-office	
Ainsworth	
Sub-office -	
Sub-office	
Slocan  	
Sub-office	
Sub-office...;	
Nelson	
Sub-office _	
Sub-office	
Sub-office _~
Revelstoke —
Lardeau __	
Sub-office	
Trail Creek	
Nanaimo _	
Sub-office	
Sub-office -- -.
Sub-office 	
Sub-office -	
Sub-office	
SUb-office —	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Alberni  _ —
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office -
Victoria-  __
New Westminster
Sub-office _	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Vancouver	
Sub-office 	
Sub-office	
Sub-office 	
Lillooet _ _	
Sub-o ffice	
KamloopS-
Chu Chua. _
Vavenby	
Slalmon Arm~
Ashcroft	
Lytton.__
Merritt -
Princeton	
Vernon -
Kelowna	
Greenwood	
Kettle Valley-
Beaverdell _	
Oliver	
Grand Forks...
Penticton	
Keremeos	
Hedley.  —
Oliver —_ -
Golden	
Windermere—
Cranbrook	
Fernie 	
Kaslo	
Trout Lake —
Poplar	
New Denver__
Slocan	
Nakusp	
Nelson -—
Creston.- -
Ymir	
Salmo 	
Revelstoke —
Beaton —
Trout Lake _
Rossland	
Nanaimo _
Alert Bay _—
Vananda..
Shoal Bay, Thurlow P.O.
Granite Bay — -—	
Cumberland 	
Zeballos  - 	
Alberni  	
Quatsino  - —
Alberni  	
Torino- 	
Zeballos  	
Nanaimo	
Victoria	
New Westminster..
Chilliwack	
Lytton  —
Hope.- -	
Vancouver 	
Alert Bay. 	
Powell River.— 	
Shoal Bay, Thurlow P.O.
Lillooet .— 	
Haylmore  - -
D. Dalgleish
(Deputy)
D. Dalgleish
(Deputy), Kamloops
D. Dalgleish
(Deputy), Kamloops
Chas. Nichols ___	
R. M. McGusty._	
L. A. Dodd .
W. R. Dewdney..
A. W. Anderson .
W. G. Taylor..
C. MacDonald _
C. MacDonald (Kaslo)
J. Cartmel.
W. Maxwell	
W. Maxwell (Revelstoke)
E. L. Hedley __
C. L. Monroe .
W. H. Boothroyd.
P. J. Mulcahy..
A. B. Gray	
J. Egdell (Deputy) .
L. J. Price..
W. F. Knowlton _
R. G. Couper.
Chas. Nichols ....
R. M. McGusty .
L. A. Dodd .
W. R. Dewdney..
A.
w.
Anderson—	
W
G.
Taylor. 	
W
M
H. Dunn	
F. Broughton__
J. Cartmel.
W. Maxwell —
C. A. McElroy.-
E. L. Hedley-
C. L. Monroe.
W. H. Boothroyd _
P. J. Mulcahy...
J. F. McDonald
J. Egdell	
L. J. Price	
G. M. Fennell.
H. Finley.
A. P. Suckling.
J. Blakiston-Gray.
C. W. Dickson.
G. B. Gane.
Mrs. J. J. Clarke.
W. H. Laird.
E. Harrison.
L. S. Coleman.
R. S. Collin.
W. H. Laird.
C. J. Dainard.
A. M. Chisholm.
D. H. Bruce.
A. Robh.
W. E. Graham.
N. A. Herridge.
J. A. Stewart.
R. H. Hassard.
S. Curwen.
M. C. Donaldson.
W. H. Cochrane.
A. T. Lashmar.
Henry Carter.
C. C. Thompson.
H. J. Bull.
A. G. Freeze.
G. Nicholson.
W. H. Boothroyd.
E. Evenson.
R. Sneddon.
W. Armitage.
G. Nicholson.
C. L. Monroe.
C. N. Tingle.
J. Blakiston-Gray.
H. L. Norman.
Mrs. L. E. Christie.
A. T. Lashmar.
J. P. Scarlett.
C. C. Thompson.
W. Haylmore. DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 37
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>> A 38 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
ANNUAL REPORTS.
1897, 1898 (also cloth bound, $1), 1901, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 1913, 1914, 1915
(also cloth bound, $1), 1916 (also cloth bound, $1), 1917, 1918, 1919 (also cloth bound,
$1), 1920 (also cloth bound, $1), 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1927 (also cloth bound,
$1), 1928 (also cloth bound, $1), 1929, 1930 (also cloth bound, $1), 1931 (cloth bound
only, $1), 1932 (cloth bound only, $1), 1933 (also cloth bound, $1), 1934 (also cloth
bound, $1), 1935 (50 cents—also cloth bound, $1), 1936 (cloth bound only, $1), 1937
(50 cents—also cloth bound, $1), 1938 (50 cents), 1939 (50 cents—also cloth bound,
$1), 1940 (50 cents—also cloth bound, $1), 1941 (free—also cloth bound, $1), 1942
(free—also cloth bound, $1).
Note.—No charge is made for paper-bound copies of Annual Reports, except those
for which a charge is shown.
BULLETINS, OLD SERIES.
Bulletin No. 2,1918: Bumps and Outbursts of Gas.     (By George S. Rice.)
Bulletin No. 2, 19,19: The Commercial Feasibility of Electric Smelting of Iron Ores in
British Columbia.    (By Alfred Stansfield.)
Bulletin No. 2,1932: Report on McConnell Creek Placer Area.     (By Douglas Lay.)
MISCELLANEOUS.
Special Reports on Coal-mine Explosions.     (By George Wilkinson, Thomas Graham,
and James Ashworth.)     1918.
Report on Snowflake and Waverley-Tangier Mineral Properties.     (By J. D. Galloway.)
1928.
Report on Mineral Properties of the Goldside Mining Company.     (By B. T. O'Grady.)
1935.
*Notes on Placer-mining in British Columbia.    (By Officers of the Department.)    1938.
Elementary Geology Applied to Prospecting.     (By John F. Walker.)     1937.    35 cents.
Possibilities for Manufacture of Mineral Wool in British Columbia.     (By J. M. Cum-
mings.)     1937.
Lode-gold Deposits of the Zeballos Area.    (By J. S. Stevenson.).   1938.
Index to Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines of British Columbia for the years
1874 to 1936, inclusive.     (By H. T. Nation.)     Paper bound, $1;  cloth bound, $2.
Preliminary Investigations into Possibilities for Producing Silica Sand from B.C. Sand
Deposits.     (By J. M. Cummings.)     1941.
Prospectors' Guide for Strategic Minerals in Canada.     (Third Edition.)     By Mines
and Geology Branch, Department of Mines and Resources, Ottawa, Canada.)    1942.
* To be reprinted.
BULLETINS, NEW SERIES.
1940.
Bulletin No. 1: Aiken Lake Area, North-Central B.C.     (By Douglas Lay.)
Bulletin No. 2: Placer-gold Deposits, Wheaton (Boulder) Creek, Cassiar District.    (By
Stuart S. Holland.)
Bulletin No. 3: Fraser  River  Tertiary   Drainage-history   in   relation   to   Placer-gold
Deposits.    I.     (By Douglas Lay.)
Bulletin No. 4: Saline and Hydromagnesite Deposits of British Columbia.    (By J. M.
Cummings.)
Bulletin No. 5: Mercury Deposits of British Columbia.     (By John S. Stevenson.)
Bulletin No. 6: Geology of Camp McKinney and the Cariboo Amelia Mine.    (By M. S.
Hedley.) DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 39
Bulletin No. 7: Lode-gold Deposits of the Upper Lemon Creek Area and Lyle Creek—
Whitewater Mine Area, Kootenay District.     (By R. J. Maconachie.)
Bulletin No. 8: Preliminary Report on the Bedwell River Area.     (By H. Sargent.)
Bulletin No. 9: Molybdenite in British Columbia.    (By John S. Stevenson.)
1941.
*Bulletin No. 10: Tungsten Deposits of British Columbia.    (By John S. Stevenson.)
Bulletin No. 10: Tungsten Deposits of British Columbia.     (Revised.)     (By John S.
Stevenson and Staff of Department of Mines.)
Bulletin No. 11:  Fraser  River  Tertiary  Drainage-history  in  relation  to  Placer-gold
Deposits.    II.    (By Douglas Lay.)
Bulletin No. 12: Reconnaissance in the Area of Turnagain and Upper Kechika Rivers.
(By M. S. Hedley and Stuart S. Holland.)
Bulletin No. 13:  Supplementary Report on Bedwell River Area.     (By H. Sargent.)
Bulletin No. 14:  Coal Analyses of British Columbia.     (By James Dickson.)
* Out of print.
1942.
Bulletin No. 15: Hydraulic Mining Methods.    (By Stuart S. Holland.)
Bulletin No. 16: Dragline Dredging Methods.     (By Stuart S. Holland.)
1943.
Bulletin No. 17: An Introduction to Metal-mining in British Columbia.     (By Officers
of the Department of Mines.)
Bulletins are usually supplied free to residents of British Columbia, to certain
Public Libraries and Universities (list appended), and other co-operative institutions.
Some of the older editions are out of print and will not be reissued. Copies of these
can generally be seen in the Public Libraries and Universities. An asterisk is put
opposite any numbers out of print.
LIST OF UNIVERSITIES AND LIBRARIES.
1. Bulletins and Annual Reports available.
2. Bulletins only available.
3. Annual Reports only available.
University Libraries.
1. British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia.
Calgary Provincial Institute of Technology and Art, Calgary, Alberta.
California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
California, Los Angeles, California.
California, Berkeley, California.
Chicago Libraries, Chicago, Illinois.
Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, New York.
Ecole de Commerce, Quebec, Quebec.
Hamilton College Library, Clinton, New York.
Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.
Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Montana School of Mines, Butte, Montana.
Montreal, Institut de Geologie, Montreal, Quebec.
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec. A 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Oregon Agricultural College, Corvallis, Oregon.
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Princeton University Library, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Puget Sound College, Tacoma, Washington.
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.
Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
South Australia School of Mines, Adelaide, South Australia.
Stanford University, Palo Alto, California.
State College of Washington, Pullman, Washington.
Toronto, Toronto, Ontario.
Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.
Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.
2. Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta.
MacKay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada.
Mining, Leeds 2, Yorkshire, England.
Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Texas Technological College, Lubback, Texas.
3. Arizona, Tucson, Arizona.
Chapel Hill University, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
Columbia, New York, New York.
Ecole Polytechnique Library, Montreal, Quebec.
Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.
Missouri School of Mines, Rolla, Missouri.
Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.
University College, London, England.
Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Public Libraries, etc.
1. British Museum, London, England.
Birmingham City Library, Birmingham, England.
Bonneville Power Administration Library, Portland, Oregon.
Business Branch Library, New York, New York.
Calgary Public Library, Calgary, Alberta.
California Division of Mines Library, San Francisco, California.
Canada House, London, England.
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland, Ohio.
Denver Public Library, Denver, Colorado.
Detroit Public Library, Detroit, Michigan.
Free Library of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Geological Survey Library, London, England.
James Jerome Hill Reference Library, Saint Paul, Minnesota.
John Crerar Library, Chicago, Illinois.
Kansas City Public Library, Kansas City, Missouri.
Library of Parliament, Ottawa, Ontario.
Library of Congress, Washington, District of Columbia.  .
Marvyn Scudder Financial Library, New York, New York.
Mount Allison Memorial Library, Sackville, New Brunswick.
National Research Council Library, Ottawa, Ontario.
New York Public Library, New York, New York. DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 41
New York State Library, Albany, New York.
Okanagan Union Library, Kelowna, British Columbia.
Ontario Dept. of Mines Library, Toronto, Ontario.
Patent Office Library, London, England.
Portland Library Association, Portland, Oregon.
Philadelphia Comm. Museum Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Prince Rupert Public Library, Prince Rupert, British Columbia.
Science Museum, Library, Accessions Dept., London, England.
Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Washington.
South Australia Public Library, Adelaide, Australia.
St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Missouri.
Sunnyside Public Library, Sunnyside, Washington.
Tacoma Public Library, Tacoma, Washington.
Toronto Public Library, Toronto, Ontario.
Tulsa Public Library, Tulsa, Oklahoma.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Library, Pittsburgh.
U.S. Bureau of Mines Library, Washington, District of Columbia.
U.S. Geological Survey Library, Washington, District of Columbia.
Vancouver Public Library, Vancouver, British Columbia.
Victoria Provincial Library, Victoria, British Columbia.
Victoria Public Library, Victoria, British Columbia.
2. Bancroft Library, Berkeley, California.
Cumberland Public Library, Cumberland, British Columbia.
Duluth Public Library, Duluth, Minnesota.
Engineering Societies Library, New York, New York.
Faculte de Sciences, Quebec, Quebec.
Oakland Public Library, Oakland, California.
Pasadena Public Library, Pasadena, California.
3. Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn, New York.
Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, New York.
Carnegie Public Library, New Westminster, British Columbia.
Colorado Scientific Society, Denver, Colorado.
Department of Labour Library, Ottawa, Ontario.
Department of Secretary of State, Ottawa, Ontario.
Edmonton Public Library, Edmonton, Alberta.
Edmonton Provincial Library, Edmonton, Alberta.
Hamilton Public Library, Hamilton, Ontario.
Johannesburg Public Library, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Legislative Library, Fredericton, New Brunswick.
League of Nations Library, Geneva, Switzerland.
Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, California.
Legislative Library, Toronto, Ontario.
Quebec Legislative Library, Quebec, Quebec.
Regina Legislative Library, Regina, Saskatchewan.
Servants of India Society Library, Poona, India.
Spokane Public Library, Spokane, Washington.
PROSPECTORS' SETS.
Prospectors' sets of rocks and minerals, about fifty in number, are provided for the
sum of 50 cents a set to those resident in the Province. Because it is difficult and
expensive to accumulate these sets, only requests from those actually engaged in
prospecting, or teaching subjects relating to mining or prospecting, can be fulfilled. A 42 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
SYNOPSIS OF MINING LAWS OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal in their nature and compare
favourably with those of any other part of the world. The terms under which both
lode and placer claims and placer leaseholds are held are such that a prospector is
greatly encouraged in his work, and the titles, especially for mineral claims and placer-
mining leaseholds, are perfect. The fees required to be paid are as small as possible,
consistent with a proper administration of the mining industry, and are generally lower
than those commonly imposed elsewhere. Provision is also made for the formation of
mining partnerships practically without expense, and a party of miners is enabled to
take advantage of these sections of the Acts so that such miners may work their
claims jointly.
Placer-mining leases are granted for a period of twenty years and are approximately 80 acres in size. On a lode claim of 51 acres the expenditure of $500 is required
to obtain a Crown grant, and surface rights are obtainable at a small figure, in no case
exceeding $5 per acre.
The following synopsis of the mining laws will be found sufficient to enable the
miner or intending investor to obtain a general knowledge of their scope and requirements; for particulars, however, the reader is referred to the Acts relating to mining, which may be obtained from the Department of Mines or the King's Printer,
Victoria, B.C.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint-stock company incorporated or registered in British Columbia, may obtain a free miner's certificate on payment of the
required fee.
The fee to an individual for a free miner's certificate is $5 for one year. To
a joint-stock company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a year is $50;
if capitalized beyond this, the fee is $100. If the company has no stated capitalization,
the fee is $100.
The free miners' certificates run from date of issue and expire on the 31st day of
May next after its date, or some subsequent 31st day of May (that is to say, a certificate may be taken out a year or more in advance if desired). Certificates may be
obtained for any part of a year, terminating on May 31st, for a proportionately less fee.
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder to enter upon all lands of the
Crown, and upon any other lands on which the right to so enter is not specially reserved,
for the purpose of prospecting for minerals, locating claims, and mining.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate to lapse, his mining property
(if not Crown-granted) reverts to the Crown (subject to the conditions set out in the
next succeeding paragraph), but where other free miners are interested as partners
or co-owners the interest of the defaulter becomes vested in the continuing co-owners
or partners pro rata, according to their interests.
Six months' extension of time within which to revive title in mining property
which has been forfeited through the lapse of a free miner's certificate is allowed.
This privilege is given only if the holder of the property obtains a special free miner's
certificate within six months after the 31st of May on which his ordinary certificate
lapsed. The fee for this special certificate in the case of a person is $15 and in that
of a company $300.
It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such, in an incorporated mining company
to be the holder of a free miner's certificate. DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 43
Mineral Claims.
Mineral claims are located and held under the provisions of the " Mineral Act."
A free miner can hold, by location, during any period of twelve months, eight mineral
claims within a radius of 10 miles, and may acquire others by purchase.
A mineral claim is a piece of land not exceeding in area fifty-one and sixty-five
one-hundredths acres. The angles must be right angles unless the boundaries, or one
of them, are the same as those of a previously recorded claim.
No special privileges are allowed for the discovery of new mineral claims or
districts.
A mineral claim is located by erecting two " legal posts," which are stakes having
a height of not less than 4 feet above ground and squared 4 inches at least on each face
for not less than a foot from the top. A tree-stump so cut and squared also constitutes
a legal post. A cairn of stones not less than 4 feet in height and not less than 1 foot
in diameter 4 feet above the ground may also be used as a legal post. Upon each of
these posts must be written the name of the claim, the name of the locator, and the
date of location.    On No. 1 post, in addition, the following must be written:   " Initial
post.    Direction of Post No. 2  [giving approximate compass-bearing^ feet of
this claim lie on the right and feet on the left of the line from No. 1 to No. 2
posts." Numbered metal identification tags must be attached to both posts at the time
of staking.
The location-line between Nos. 1 and 2 posts must be distinctly marked—in a timbered locality by blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by monuments of earth or rock not less than 2 feet in diameter at the base, and at least 2 feet
high—so that the line can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining Recorder's office for the mining
division in which they are situate within fifteen days from the date of location, one
day extra being allowed for each 10 miles of distance from the recording office after
the first110 miles. If a claim is not recorded in time it is deemed abandoned and open
for relocation, but if the original locator wishes to relocate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the district and upon the payment of a fee of $10.
This applies also to a claim abandoned for any reason whatever.
Mineral claims are, until the Crown grant is issued, held practically on a yearly
lease, a condition of which is that during such year assessment-work be performed on
the same to the value of at least $100, or a payment of such sum be made to the Mining
Recorder. Such assessments must be recorded before the expiration of the year, or
the claim is deemed abandoned. If, however, the required assessment-work has been
performed within the year, but not recorded within that time, a free miner may, within
thirty days thereafter, record such assessment-work upon payment of an additional fee
of $10. The actual cost of the survey of a mineral claim, to an amount not exceeding
$100, may also be recorded as assessment-work. If, during any year, work is done to
a greater extent than the required $100, any further sum of $100—but not less—may
be recorded and counted as further assessments; such excess work must be recorded
during the year in which it is performed. All work done on a mineral claim between
the time of its location and recording may be counted as work done during the first
period of one year from the recording. As soon as assessment-work to the extent of
$500 is recorded and a survey made of the claim, the owner of a mineral claim is entitled
to a Crown grant on payment of a fee of $25, and giving the necessary notices required
by the Act. Liberal provisions are also made in the Act for obtaining mill-sites and
other facilities in the way of workings and drains for the better working of claims.
Placer Claims.
Under the " Placer-mining Act" a free miner may locate, in any period of twelve
consecutive months, one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim A 44 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
or leasehold for each of three free miners for whom he acts as agent on any separate
creek, river-bed, bar or dry diggings. Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired
by purchase.
Placer-mining is governed by the " Placer-mining Act," and by the interpretation
clause its scope is defined as " the mining of any natural stratum or bed of earth,
gravel, or cement mined for gold or other precious minerals or stones." Placer claims
are of four classes, as follows:—
" ' Creek diggings ':  any mine in the bed of any stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings ':   any mine between high- and low-water marks on a river, lake,
, or other large body of water:
" ' Dry diggings ':  any mine over which water never extends:
" ' Precious-stone diggings ':   any deposit of precious stones, whether in veins,
beds, or gravel deposits."
The following provisions as to extent of the various classes of claims are made by
the Act :—
" In ' creek diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet long, measured
in the direction of the general course of the stream, and shall extend in width
one thousand feet, measured from the general course of the stream five hundred feet on either side of the centre thereof:   ,
" In ' bar diggings ' a claim shall be:—
"(a.)  A piece of land not exceeding two hundred and fifty feet square on any
bar which is covered at high water;  or
"(£>.)  A strip of land two hundred and fifty feet long at high-water mark, and
in width extending from high-water mark to extreme low-water mark.
" In ' dry diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet square."
The following provision is made for new discoveries of placer-mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discovers a new locality for the
prosecution of placer-mining and such discovery be established to the satisfaction of
the Gold Commissioner, placer claims of the following sizes shall be allowed to such
discoverers, namely:—
" To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length;
" To a party of two discoverers, two claims amounting together
to  1,000 feet in length;
" And to each member of a party beyond two in number, a claim of the ordinary
size only.
" The width of such claims shall be the same as ordinary placer claims of the same
class:   Provided that where a discovery claim has been established in any locality no
further discovery shall be allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the
watercourses."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible rectangular in form, and marked
by four legal posts at the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On each of such
posts shall be written the name of the locator, the number and date of issue of his free
miner's certificate, the date of the location, and the name given to the claim. In timbered localities boundary-lines of a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be
distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and the locator shall also erect legal posts not more
than 125 feet apart on all boundary-lines. In localities where there is no timber or
underbrush, monuments of earth and rock, not less than 2 feet high and 2 feet in
diameter at base, may be erected in lieu of the last-mentioned legal posts, but not in
the case of the four legal posts marking the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division within which the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location
thereof, if located within 10 miles of the office of the Mining Recorder by the most DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 45
direct means of travel. One additional day shall be allowed for every 10 miles additional or fraction thereof. The number of days shall be counted inclusive of the days
upon which such location was made, but exclusive of the day of application for record.
The application for such record shall be under oath and in the form set out in the
Schedule to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded within the prescribed
period shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
To hold a placer claim for more than one year it must be rerecorded before the
expiration of the record or rerecord.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner, or some one on his behalf, continuously, as far as practicable, during working-hours. If work is discontinued for a
period of seven days, except during the close season, lay-over, leave of absence, sickness, or for some other reason to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim
is deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner upon proof being given to him
that the supply of water is insufficient to work the claim. Under similar circumstances
he has also the power to declare a close season, by notice in writing and published in
the Gazette, for all or any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain licences are also
granted by him on the person applying giving security for any damage that may arise.
Grants of right-of-way for the construction of tunnels or drains across other claims
are also granted on payment of a fee of $25, the owner of the claims crossed having
the right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may be constructed. These tolls,
however, are, so far as the amount goes, under the discretion of the Gold Commissioner.
Co-owners and Partnerships.
In both the " Mineral " and " Placer-mining " Acts provision is made for the
formation of mining partnerships, both of a general and limited liability character.
These are extensively taken advantage of and have proved very satisfactory in their
working. Should a co-owner fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required as assessment-work on a claim he may be " advertised out," and his
interest in the claim shall become vested in his co-owners who have made the required
expenditure, pro rata according to their former interests.
It should not be forgotten that if any co-owner permits his free miner's certificate
to lapse, the title of his associates is not prejudiced, but his interest reverts to the
remaining co-owners; provided that said co-owner has not taken advantage of the six
months' period of grace allowed for the taking-out of a special free miner's certificate,
thus reviving the title to his interest.
Placer-mining Leases.
Under the " Placer-mining Act" a free miner may locate, in any period of twelve
consecutive months, one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim
or leasehold for each of three free miners for whom he acts as agent on any separate
creek, river-bed, bar or dry diggings. Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired
by purchase.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands approximately 80 acres in extent may be granted
by the Gold Commissioner of the district after location has been made by staking along
a " location-line " not more than one-half a mile (2,640 feet) in length. In this line one
bend, or change of direction, is permitted. Where a straight line is followed two posts
only are necessary—namely, an " initial post" and a " final post." Where there is a
change of direction a legal post must be placed to mark the point of the said change.
The leasehold is allowed a width not in excess of one-quarter mile (1,320 feet), and the
locator, both on his " initial post " and in his notice of intention to apply, which is
posted at the office of the Mining Recorder, is required to state how many feet are
included in the location to the right and how many feet to the left of the location-line. A 46 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
That section of the Act dealing with the staking of placer-mining leases follows:—
" 105. (1.) For the purpose of locating a placer leasehold, a line to be known as
the ' location-line ' shall be marked on the ground by placing a legal post at each end,
one post to be known as the ' Initial Post' and the other as the ' Final Post.' The
direction of the location-line may change at not more than one point throughout its
length, and an intermediate legal post shall be placed at the point at which the direction
changes. The total length of the location-line, following its change of direction (if
any), shall not exceed two thousand six hundred and forty feet.
"(2.) Upon the initial post and the final post shall be written the words ' Initial
Post' and ' Final Post' respectively, together with the name of the locator and the
date of the location. On the initial post shall also be written the approximate compass-
bearing of the final post, and a statement of the number of feet of the leasehold lying
on the right and on the left of the location-line, as viewed from the initial post, not
exceeding in the aggregate a width of thirteen hundred and twenty feet, thus: ' Direction of Final Post, . feet of this claim lie on the right and feet
on the left of the location-line.' In addition to the foregoing, where there is a change
of direction in the location-line as marked on the ground, the number ' 1 ' shall be
written on the initial post; the number ' 2 ' shall be written on the intermediate post;
and the number ' 3 ' shall be written on the final post. There also shall be affixed to
the initial post a notice to the following effect, namely: 'Application will be made under
the " Placer-mining Act " for a lease of the ground.within this location.'
"(3.) The location-line shall at the time of location be marked between the legal
posts throughout its length so that it can be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality, by
blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in a locality where there is neither timber
nor underbrush, by placing legal posts or monuments of earth or stones not less than
two feet high and not less than two feet in diameter at the base, so that the location-
line can be distinctly seen.
"(4.) Where, from the nature or shape of the surface of the ground, it is impracticable to mark the location-line of a leasehold as provided by this section, the leasehold may be located by placing legal posts as witness-posts, as near as possible to the
location-line, and writing on each witness-post the distance and compass-bearing of
some designated point on the location-line from the witness-post; and the distances
and compass-bearing so written on the witness-posts shall be set out in the application
for the lease and in any lease granted thereon.
"(5.) The locator shall, within thirty days after the date of the location, post a
notice in Form I in the office of the Mining Recorder, which notice shall set out:—
"(a.)  The name of the intending applicant or each applicant if more than one,
and the numbers of their free miners' certificates:
" (b.)  The date of the location:
"(c.)   The number of feet lying to the right and left of the location-line, and
the approximate area or size of the ground. DEPARTMENTAL WORK.
A 47
" Examples of Various Methods of laying out Placer Leaseholds.
" Showing Areas secured with Location-lines of Various Lengths.
Post
Final Post
nitial Post
Initial  Post^
Final Post
Initial PostNo
The words written on the initial post and final post shall be set out in full in the notice;
and as accurate a description as possible of the ground to be acquired shall be given,
having special reference to any prior locations it may join, and the general locality of
the ground to be acquired."
Another provision is that there must be affixed to the " initial post" and to the
" final post " a numbered metal identification tag furnished by the Mining Recorder
with each free miner's certificate issued. These tags must be attached to the posts or
placed in a container within a cairn, at the time of location. A 48 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
The annual rental on a placer-mining lease is $30, and the amount to be expended
annually on development-work is $250.
Authority also has been given for the granting of special placer-mining leases in
locations other than has been defined.
For more detailed information the reader is referred to the complete " Placer-
mining Act," which may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
Table of Fees, Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
Individual free miner's certificate, annual fee  $5.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less), annual fee  50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital over $100,000), annual fee  100.00
Recording mineral claim  2.50
Recording certificate of work, mineral claim  2.50
Recording abandonment, mineral claim  10.00
Recording abandonment, placer claim  2.50
Recording any affidavit  2.50
Records in " Records of Conveyances " (for each claim or lease)  2.00
For each additional claim or lease in the same document  .50
Filing documents, " Mineral Act "  .25
Filing documents, " Placer-mining Act "  1.00
Recording certificate of work, placer-mining lease  2.50
For Crown grant of mineral rights under " Mineral Act "  25.00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under " Mineral Act "  10.00
For every lease under " Placer-mining Act "  5.00
Provisional Free Miners' Certificates (Placer) Act.
This Act provides for the issuance of " provisional free miners' certificates " for
the locating, recording, representing, and working of placer claims of a size, and according to the terms, and in the manner set out in Parts II. and III. of the " Placer-mining
Act." Any person over 18 years of age who has resided in the Province continuously
for a period of not less than six months prior to date of his application may, on application accompanied by a statutory declaration or other satisfactory evidence as to his
age and period of residence in the Province, obtain from any Gold Commissioner or
Mining Recorder a provisional free miner's certificate. No fees are payable in respect
of such certificate, and it abolishes the fees payable in respect of the recording or
rerecording of placer claims, but no record or rerecord of a claim shall be granted
for a longer period than one year without the payment of fees. It should be pointed
out that the provisional free miner's certificate does not carry the privileges of an
ordinary free miner's certificate as to the staking and working of placer-mining leases
or mineral claims.
The Act also gives the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, as a means of unemployment relief, power to make provision for the establishment, equipment, maintenance,
and operation of one or more placer training camps at suitable locations, at which
unemployed persons who hold provisional free miners' certificates and are British subjects may acquire knowledge and training in the art of placer-mining and may be
afforded gainful work in the recovery of minerals by placer-mining. Reserves for the
location of such camps shall not exceed one mile in length by one-half mile in width,
and the right is given to enter into agreements with private holders under the Act for
the development of their ground by means of unemployment relief camps.
Department of Mines Act.
The " Department of Mines Act" empowers the Minister of Mines to organize the
Department or to reorganize it from time to time to meet changing conditions in the
mining industry.    It provides for examination and certification of assayers; for the
I DEPARTMENTAL WORK. A 49
conducting of short courses of lectures in practical geology and mineralogy; and for
the purchase of ore from the Provincial sampling plants. The said Act also provides
for the expenditure of public moneys for the construction, reconstruction, or repair of
trails, roads, and bridges to facilitate the exploration of the mineral resources of any
mining district, or in the operation and development of any mining property.
Iron and Steel Bounties Act.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may enter into an agreement with any person
whereby the Crown will pay to that person, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund,
bounties on pig-iron and steel shapes when manufactured within the Province, as
follows:—
(a.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from ore mined in the Province, a bounty not to exceed three
dollars per ton of two thousand pounds:
(6.)   In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from ore mined outside the Province, a bounty not to exceed one
dollar and fifty cents per ton of two thousand pounds:
(c.)   In respect of steel shapes of commercial utility manufactured in the
Province, a bounty not to exceed one dollar per ton of two thousand
pounds.
Bounty, as on pig-iron under this Act, may be paid upon the molten iron from ore
which in the electric furnace, Bessemer or other furnace, enters into the manufacture
of steel by the process employed in such furnace; the weight of such iron to be ascertained from the weight of the steel so manufactured.
Bounty on steel shapes under this Act shall be paid only upon such steel shapes as
are manufactured in a rolling-mill having a rated productive capacity per annum of at
least twenty thousand tons of two thousand pounds per ton. The total amount of
bounties paid under clauses (a) and (b) is limited to $200,000 in any one year or
$2,000,000 in the aggregate; and the total amount of bounties paid under clause (c) is
limited to $20,000 in any one year or $200,000 in the aggregate.
Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act.
This Act is designed to provide for the safe working of mines by practical regulations which govern the main phases of mining, such as hoisting installations, ropes,
shaft and cage equipment, mine examination, transportation systems, electrical installations, use of explosives, approaching abandoned workings, and the connection of
adjacent mines.
Shaft-hoists are required to be equipped with overwind devices and approved
braking systems, and all hoistmen in charge must have an annual medical examination
and certificate testifying their fitness to perform this work. Hoisting-ropes where
men are hoisted must have a static factor of safety of at least 10 for depths of 1,000
feet, with an allowable decrease of one for each 500 feet additional depth with a minimum factor of safety of 6. The working-life of a hoisting-rope when men are hoisted
or lowered is limited to two years.
Cages must be provided, with safety-catches, properly designed covers, and safety-
gates where men are hoisted.    Safety-catches must be tested at stated intervals.
The manager of the mine or some qualified person appointed by him must make
a daily examination of all places in the mine where persons are at work and report the
conditions found in regard to safety in a book kept at the mine for that purpose.
All persons handling or using explosives must hold a certificate of competency for
blasting. This certificate is issued by the district Inspector of Mines to miners who
show by an oral examination that they are qualified to use explosives safely. This
certificate may be cancelled for cause. A 50 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Where the workings of any mine are approaching any abandoned workings,
whether belonging to that mine or to an adjacent mine, the manager of the present
workings shall report the circumstance to the Inspector of Mines if the abandoned
workings cannot be examined before the live workings are closer than 300 feet to the
abandoned workings, and no work shall be done within this distance until a definite
method of approach has been submitted to and approved by the Inspector.
Where it is considered necessary, the Minister of Mines may order a connection to
be made and maintained between adjacent mines, and determine the conditions under
which such a connection must be maintained.
All electrical installations must comply with the requirements of the " Electrical
Energy Inspection Act" of British Columbia.
In addition to the Act and General Rules applicable to all mines, each mine which
employs fifty or more men must have a code of Special Rules covering the details of
operation at that mine. These Special Rules are drafted by the mining company and
its employees and, when approved by the Minister of Mines, have the full force of law.
The Inspectors of Mines in the different districts have discretionary authority on
a number of points that may arise in the course of mining operations.
Coal-mines Regulation Act.
This Act, like the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," is designed to provide
for the safe working of mines by practical regulations. It is, however, broader in
scope than the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act" in that it provides for the
examination and licensing of coal-mine officials and miners.
War-time Prospectors' Grub-stake Act.
In this Act " grub-stake " means money, food-supply, clothing, powder, tools, transportation, or anything necessary for prospecting. " War minerals " mean any minerals
urgently needed for the prosecution of the war. " War-time prospector" means a
holder of a free miner's certificate who has been honourably discharged from His
Majesty's services (present war), or has been resident in the Province during the
year preceding his application for a grub-stake.
Information may be obtained from any Gold-Commissioner, Mining Recorder, Sub-
mining Recorder, Mining Engineer, Associate Engineer, or Inspector of Mines of the
Department of Mines.
No grub-stake to one applicant shall exceed $300 in value in any year. Applicants
are required to identify some of the commoner rocks and minerals, especially those of
a strategic nature.
War-time Coal-mine Employment Act.
Under this Act it is lawful during the continuance of the war to employ in a coal
mine, where not more than twelve men are working underground, as manager, overman,
shiftboss, fireboss, shotlighter, or coal-miner a person who is not registered as a holder
of a certificate of competency or service under the " Coal-mines Regulation Act,"
providing he is competent to carry out his duties in the opinion of the Chief Inspector
of Mines or of an Inspector of Mines.   A permit in writing must be obtained.
Free Miners' Exemption Act.
The benefits of this Act are exemption from the performance of work or payment
in lieu of work on mineral claims or placer-mining leases, and in the case of placer-
mining leases, relief from the payment of the annual rentals. To obtain the benefits
of the " Free Miners' Exemption Act" a person must have been the holder of a valid
free miner's certificate on June 1st, 1942, and also the owner of a mineral claim or
placer-mining lease in good standing at that time.    The  Act makes provision  for GEOGRAPHICAL SURVEY OF CANADA. A 51
obtaining its benefits by the holder of a mineral claim or placer-mining lease making
application to the Mining Recorder, for the mining division in which the property is
situated, on or before May 1st, 1943, or on or before the anniversary in that year of
the date of recording of the mineral claim, or the date of issue of the placer-mining
lease, which ever date is later. In subsequent years application must be made on or
before the anniversary date of record or issue. The holder may make application
either by letter or in person and $2.50 must be paid to the Mining Recorder as a recording fee for every mineral claim or placer-mining lease in respect of which notice is filed.
No person is entitled to file a notice or obtain the benefit of the Act in respect of
more than eight mineral claims or eight placer-mining leases, or a total of eight
mineral claims and placer-mining leases. Similarly, no mining partnership nor joint-
stock company shall be entitled to file a claim or obtain the benefit of the Act in respect
of more than sixteen mineral claims or sixteen placer-mining leases, or a total of
sixteen mineral claims and placer-mining leases.
If a person who was the holder of a mineral claim or placer-mining lease in good
standing on June 1st, 1942, permitted the property to lapse he is entitled to the benefits
of the Act provided he made application for reinstatement to the Mining Recorder on
or before May 1st, 1943. Should any person have relocated the ground, or any part
of the ground, the person who held the claim or lease on June 1st, 1942, and the person
who relocated shall have a joint interest in that portion of the ground held jointly in
proportion to the money expended by each. Failure to agree between the parties concerned upon the interest that each shall have shall be settled by arbitration.
Explosives.
Under the provisions of Dominion Order in Council No. 2903, issued July 4th,
1940, no person or company may own or purchase explosives, except under a special
permit prescribed and issued under this order. Each purchase of explosives requires
a separate permit, except in the case of mining and quarrying operations, in which
cases the Provincial Inspector of Mines has authority to issue the explosives purchase
permit for one calendar year.
Only the owner of an explosives factory or a licensed magazine may sell explosives,
but an exemption is made in the case of any mining company to the extent that such
a company may be permitted, on applying for the necessary authority, to resell small
quantities of explosives to properly qualified prospectors in their district.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered
Confederation, all geological investigations and mapping in the Province were to be
carried on by the Geological Survey of Canada; this agreement has been fully adhered
to by the Dominion of Canada and has proved of great benefit to the mining industry
of the Province. Each year several geological parties are kept in the field and in the
aggregate a vast amount of information is made available to the prospector and the
mining engineer in the many excellent reports and maps covering British Columbia
which have been issued by the Geological Survey of Canada.
For some years a branch office of the Geological Survey has been maintained in
Vancouver, where copies of maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained.
The officer in charge of the British Columbia office is W. E. Cockfield, and the address
is 305 Federal Building, Vancouver, B.C.
In 1936 a reorganization of several departments in the Federal Government was
effected,  and the Department  of Mines  and  Resources  created.    One  of the main A 52 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
branches of this Department is that of Mines and Geology, with sub-branches known
as the Bureau of Geology and Topography and the Bureau of Mines. The Geological
Survey of Canada and the Topographical Survey are now a part of the Bureau of
Geology and Topography. During the season of 1942 the Bureau of Geology and
Topography had the following officers employed on field-work in British Columbia:—
Geological Parties.
H. H. Beach and J. Spivak: Chinaman Lake area. Longitude, 122° 00-122° 30';
latitude, 56° 00'-56° 15'.
R. T. D. Wickenden and Geo. Shaw: Commotion Creek area. Longitude, 121° 45'-
122° 15';   latitude, 56° 00'-56° 15'.
F. H. McLearn and J. F. Henderson: Lone Mountain area. Longitude, 120° 15'-
120° 45'; latitude, 54° 45'-55° 00'.
(The above examination of stratigraphy and structure relating to oil were under
the supervision of Dr. J. S. Stewart.)
J. E. Armstrong: Examination of chromite deposits 15 miles south-east of Takla
Lake.    Examination of mercury properties in Pinchi Lake mercury belt.
C. S. Lord: Examination of chromite deposits 15 miles east of Takla Lake. Supervision of diamond-drilling at Regal silver mine.
H. M. A. Rice: Supervision of drilling of zinc area in Kootenay National Park.
Examination of chromite deposits, Scottie and Ferguson Creeks, Ashcroft district.
A. F. Buckham:  Examination of chromite deposits near Bridge River district.
W. E. Cockfield: Examination of chromite deposits near Grand Forks and Rock
Creek. Examination of tungsten deposits at Emerald mine and Stewart Creek. Examination of manganese at Olalla and of other strategic minerals in Southern British
Columbia.
Topographical Parties.
R. J. Parlee: Dunlevy Creek. Latitude, 56° 00-56° 15'; longitude, 122° 15-
122° 30'.
J. W. Spence: Commotion Creek (contour interval, 100 feet). Latitude, 55° 30'-
55° 45';  longitude, 121° 45-122° 00'.
W. B. Dingle: Chinaman Lake. Latitude, 56° 00'-56° 15'; longitude, 122° 00'-
122° 15'.
J. V. Butterworth: Bullhead Mountain. Latitude, 55° 45'-56° 00'; longitude,
122° 00'-122° 15'.
M. E. Nidd: Mount Hulcross. Latitude, 55° 30'-55° 45'; longitude, 122° 00'-
122° 15'.
H. N. Spence:  Triangulation control for above sheets.
W. H. Miller, R. C. McDonald, A. O. Gammon, R. Bartlett, and R. F. Dore:
Sukunka River and Monkman Road area (about 3,900 square miles). South-east from
the Pine River to the British Columbia-Alberta boundary. Control for vertical air
photographs. PROGRESS NOTES. A 53
PROGRESS NOTES.
The Progress Notes on the mining industry are compiled from information supplied
by the Inspectors of Mines and the Bureau of Economics and Statistics, through the
courtesy of the-property-owners and also from information obtained by the officers of
the Mineralogieal Staff in the course of their field-work. The Registrar of Companies
and Superintendent of Brokers have also supplied information through their respective
offices.
The Notes are grouped in types of metallic mineral deposits (Lode Gold, etc.) in
named areas.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
TAKU RIVER AREA.
Tulsequah.
Company office,  807 Lonsdale Building, Duluth,  Minnesota,  U.S.A.;
Polaris-Taku     mine office, Tulsequah, B.C.;  W. B. Congdon, President and Treasurer;
Mining Co., Ltd.  H. A. Garver, Secretary;  F. H. McPherson, Manager.    Capital: 10,000
preferred shares, $100 par;   20,000 common shares, $1 par;   issued—
10,000 preferred, 12,200 common.
The property is on the Tulsequah River, about 6 miles from its junction with the
Taku River. The mine is reached by boat and aeroplane in summer and by aeroplane
only in winter.
During the period of operation, 1,175 feet of drifting, 1,242 feet of raising, and
2,463 feet of diamond-drilling were done. A total of 30,966 tons of ore was mined
and 31,336 tons was milled. The average number of men employed was fifty. Operations were suspended at the end of April.
[Reference:  Annual Report, 1936, Part B.]
PORTLAND CANAL AREA.
Salmon River.
Company office, 718 Granville Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Silbak Premier    Premier,  B.C.;   H.  A.  Guess,  President;   J.  C.  Emison,  Treasurer;
Mines, Ltd.      G.   A.   Brockington,   Secretary;    B.   F.   Smith,   Manager.    Capital:
3,000,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 2,500,000.    The property is in the
Salmon River valley, about 14 miles from Stewart.
During the year 7,423 feet of drifting and raising and a continuous programme of
diamond-drilling was carried out. The mine was worked for 312 days and produced
140,567 tons of ore.    A total of 36,300 oz. of gold was recovered.
An ore-body has been developed along the Premier Border boundary between the
4th and 6th levels. Ore is also being mined from the Premier Border section on the
5th and 6th levels.
Operations are severely handicapped by a shortage of labour, particularly for
underground work. By the end of the year the crew had been reduced by approximately one half—to 187 men.
Company office, Trail, B.C.;   M. M. O'Brien, President;   E. G. Randall,
Buena Vista      Secretary-Treasurer.    Capital:  500,000 shares, $1 par; issued, 300,000
Mining Co., Ltd.  held by Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, and 200,000 by Big Missouri Mines Corporation.    This company
owns the Big Missouri mine in the Salmon River valley, 18 miles from Stewart. A 54 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
The mine was worked for eighty-nine days at the beginning of the year and then
was permanently abandoned. During this period 102 feet of drifting and 97 feet of
raising were done and 62,755 tons of ore was produced. A crew averaging forty-two
men was employed.
All equipment, except the hydro-electric power plant, has been removed from the
property.
NORTHERN COAST.
Princess Royal Island.
Company office, 717 Pacific Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Surf Inlet Surf Inlet. B.C.;   R. L. Reed, President;   W. R. Watson, Treasurer;
Consolidated Gold   C. K. Moffly, Secretary.    Capital:   3,000,000 shares, fifty cents par;
Mines, Ltd.        issued, 2,672,855.    During the year 17,839 feet of diamond-drilling was
done on the Pugsley, Surf, and other properties.    In addition, 3,241 feet
of drifting and 507 feet of raising were done in the Pugsley and Surf mines.    The mill
was operated for 334 days and treated 26,116 tons of ore.    The yield was 8,683 oz. of
gold and some silver and copper.
During the period of operation the average number of men employed was eighty.
The company suspended work in November for the duration of the war and only
watchmen remain at the property.
HAZELTON TO HOUSTON AREA.
Smithers.
Smithers Mines, Ltd.—Herman and Kelly, who have leased the old Duthie mine for the
past two years, have stopped work and the property is now idle.
CARIBOO AREA.
Wells.   -
Company office, 675 Hastings  Street West,  Vancouver, B.C.;   mine
Cariboo Gold     office, Wells, B.C.;   W. B. Burnett, President;   J. R. V. Dunlop, Secre-
Quartz Mining    tary-Treasurer;   R. R. Rose, Managing Director and Mine Manager;
Co., Ltd. R. E. Vear, Mine Superintendent. Capital: 2,000,000 shares, $1 par;
issued, 1,333,309. The property is on Cow Mountain, south-east of
Jack of Clubs Lake, 63 miles by road from Quesnel.
Development-work done on the property during 1942 amounted to 2,625 feet of
drifting, 2,659 feet of crosscutting, 1,357 feet of raising, and 5,152 feet of diamond-
drilling. Development-work was done on all zones, principally on the 1,800 and 1,900
levels off No. 3 shaft, on the 1,200 and 1,300 levels on the Butts zone, and on the 1,200
level of the Pinkerton zone. The main level was also advanced to connect with the
bottom of the " B.C." shaft and some drifting was done back along the " B.C." vein.
Because of the shortage of labour during the latter part of the year, practically all the
development-work was stopped. Thus the total development footage given above is
less than 50 per cent, of that of last year.
Ore mined and milled during 1942 amounted to 93,885 tons and 38,016 oz. of gold
was recovered. The daily amount dropped from 350 tons mined and milled at the
beginning of the year to 170 tons mined and milled at the end of the year. Considering
the nature of the ore occurrence and the fact that the underground crew has been
reduced to about 40 per cent, of full strength, this shows that a decided effort is evidently being made to carry on.    The average number of men employed was 272. PROGRESS NOTES. A 55
Several members of the staff, including R. Pitcher, Assistant General Superintendent, and R. I. C. Comfort, Assistant Mine Superintendent, have joined the armed
forces.    No replacements have been made.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1934, Part C]
Company office, 744 Hastings  Street West,  Vancouver,  B.C.;   mine
Island Mountain   office, Wells, B.C.;   F. W. Guernsey, President;  H. E. Dodge, Secretary-
Mines Co., Ltd.   Treasurer;  J. A. Pike, Mine Manager.    G. M. Sinclair replaced H. W.
Seamon as Mine Superintendent at the end of June.   Capital: 1,100,000
shares, 50 cents par;   issued, 1,050,716.    The property is on Island Mountain, on the
north-west side of Jack of Clubs Lake, at Wells, about 4 miles west of Barkerville.
Development-work consisted of 2,605 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 326 feet of
raising, 451 feet of shaft-sinking, and 18,645 feet of diamond-drilling. The lateral
development-work was largely confined to the 3,125, 3,250, and 3,375 levels and sub-
levels between 3,875 and 4,000 on the bottom of ore-shoots opened up on the 4,000. The
shaft was extended to 1,530 feet below the collar and three new stations were established
at elevations 2,850, 2,700, and 2,550. No work was done on any of these new levels.
These footages, excluding the shaft-sinking, are considerably lower than those of last
year because of the labour shortage which began to develop at the mine about the end
of June.
Ore mined and milled amounted to 47,916 tons or an average of 131.2 tons per day.
The average number of employees was 123. Possibly because of the shaft-sinking
operation and the Shamrock Tunnel project, this company was not affected by the
labour shortage as early in the year as the other large operating companies in Inspection District No. 2. At the end of the year the total crew, including the staff, was less
than 100.
There were no additions to the surface plant during the year.
During the year 3,393 feet of drifting and crosscutting and 3,379 feet of diamond-
drilling were done. This was accomplished with an average crew of nineteen men
underground on a three-shift basis and six men on the surface. Despite variable and
often difficult ground conditions, the advance averaged 7.31 feet per drilling shift. On
August 15th the project was discontinued because of the labour shortage.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1934, Part C]
Yanks Peak.
Company office, 785 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
SnowshoeGold    Wells, B.C.;   F. M. Wells, President;   E. J. Gook, Secretary-Treasurer.
Mines, Ltd.       Capital:    3,000,000  shares,  fifty cents  par;    issued,   1,664,475.    The
property is situated at the head of Little Snowshoe Creek in the Yanks
Peak area.    A limited amount of drifting was done on the intermediate tunnel level for
the Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd.    Because of uncertain conditions resulting from
the war, operations were suspended in January and the option was extended for six
months.    At the end of this period it was seen that man-power for the development
of gold properties would be unavailable for some time and, therefore, the option was
surrendered.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1929.]
BRIDGE RIVER AREA.
Company office, 470 Granville Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Pioneer Gold     Pioneer Mines P.O., B.C.;   V. Spencer, President;   A. E. Bull, Secre-
Mines of B.C.,    tary-Treasurer;   H.  T. James, Managing  Director;   E.  F.  Emmons,
Ltd. Mine Manager.    Capital:   2,500,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 1,751,750.
The company owns the Pioneer mine on Cadwallader Creek, a tributary A 56 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
of Bridge River, 52 miles by road from Bridge River Station on the Pacific Great
Eastern Railway.
Development-work consisted of 2,284 feet of drifting, 781 feet of crosscutting, and
4,282 feet of diamond-drilling.
At the beginning of the year 277 men were employed, but at the end of December
only 125 men remained. The total crew at the end of the year was less than 50 per
cent, of normal; the underground crew was about 35 per cent, of normal. These men
are largely occupied in maintenance-work and the production has thus been forced down
to about one-third of the normal output of 300 tons per day. A total of 79,624 tons
was milled.
The company's field staff was active in seeking deposits of strategic minerals north
of Bridge River and in the Fort St. James area. Some surface-stripping and 50 feet
of drifting were done on the Ada claim of the Canadian Tungsten Company before
dropping the option. This claim is situated on the North Bend of the Fraser River,
between Hansard and Prince George. As described elsewhere in this report, a limited
amount of work was done on the Snowshoe group.
Company office,  555  Burrard  Street,  Vancouver,  B.C.;   mine  office,
Bralorne Mines,   Bralorne P.O., B.C.;  A. C. Taylor, President;  R. H. Grace, Secretary-
Ltd. Treasurer;    D.   N.  Matheson,  Manager;    E.   J.   Chenowith,   General
Superintendent; C. M. Manning replaced G. H. Wilson as Mine Superintendent and D. N. Cameron replaced C. M. Manning as Assistant Mine Superintendent.
Capital:   1,250,000 shares, no par value;  issued, 1,247,000.
The company owns the Bralorne mine on Cadwallader Creek, a tributary of Bridge
River, 50 miles by road from Bridge River Station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
Development-work done during the year consisted of 9,872 feet of crosscutting and
drifting, 1,270 feet of raising, and 10,886 feet of diamond-drilling. These totals are
considerably lower than those of 1941, principally because the labour shortage made it
necessary to curtail development-work in order to maintain production. The principal
development projects were on the " 75 " and " 77 " veins at the 15th, 16th, and 17th
levels and on the " 51 " vein on the 200 level in the east end of the mine. There was
also some development-work to delimit a scheelite zone discovered with the ultra-violet
lamp at the end of the 5th level.   No work was done in the King or the Coronation mines.
Ore milled amounted to 171,095 tons and the amount of ore broken was about the
same as that of ore drawn. A total of 90,817 oz. of gold and 21,375 oz. of silver was
recovered.
The number of men employed underground dropped from an average of 294 per
day in January to 137 in December. The average for the year was 211 per day as
against 348 in 1941.
An underground transformer-station installed near the 2,000 level Empire Shaft
station early in the year was the only plant addition underground. A new stairway
was built from the 800 portal level to the townsite level, and a small scheelite reduction
plant was added to the main mill buildings.
This plant was built after an unsuccessful attempt had been made to recover
scheelite from the mill tailings by running them over blanket tables and retabling and
floating the concentrate obtained. The plant has a capacity of 1 ton per hour and uses
the crushing plant of the regular mill for preliminary breaking. This is followed in
turn by a fine-ore bin, a jig, an 8-mesh trommel-screen, a set of 12- by 30-inch rolls
grinding to % inch, and a Deister table. Products from the table consist of a concentrate which is stored for further treatment, a middling which is pumped back to the
jig, and a tailing which is stock-piled.
The plant went into operation about the beginning of September and treated about
150 tons of low-grade tungsten ore. About 10 tons of 13-per-cent. ore was also concentrated up to a product of 70 per cent. W03. Operations were suspended in October because of trouble with the rolls, but were
resumed in early January, 1943, when about 30 tons of ore from the Tungsten King
property was concentrated to better than 70 per cent. W03. Two tons of ore from the
adjoining Tungsten Queen property was also treated, with results unknown at time of
writing.
The company also did sufficient diamond-drilling, tunnelling, and open-cutting on
its Yalakom holdings to obtain a Crown grant of forty claims in five groups of eight.
The work done on the Relay Creek mercury operation is described elsewhere.
KAMLOOPS AREA.
Mine office, Kamloops, B.C.;  E. H. Kellner, Managing Director;  T. W.
Air d M' "        A I>aSe. Superintendent.    This mine is on the Louis Creek-Agate Bay
Development Co.,   road, approximately 3 miles north-westward from the head of Agate
Ltd., Homestake    Bay, on Adams Lake, or 18 miles easterly by auto-road from Louis
Mine. Creek Station on the Canadian National Railways, 36 miles north of
Kamloops.    Work was discontinued during December 1941 and was
not.resumed during 1942.
STUMP LAKE AREA.
Company office, 506 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Consolidated       Box 68> Merritt, B.C.;   H.  H.  Stevens,  President;   C.   H.  Coolidge,
Nicola Goldfields,   Secretary-Treasurer;   B. 0. Brynelson, Superintendent.    This company
Ltd. operates the Nicola mine at Stump Lake, 2 miles west of the Kamloops-
Merritt Highway and 30 miles from Merritt.   The 320 adit is the main
entry and intersects the Enterprise vein 800 feet from the portal.    This vein has a
general dip of 46 degrees and has been developed down the dip by an inclined shaft.
Work was -intermittent  during the  year  and  a  small  amount  of  ore  was  milled.
Scheelite was discovered on the property during 1941 and additional mill equipment was
installed with a view to treating this ore.    A crew varying from ten to thirty-seven
men was employed.
During the year 767 tons of ore was mined and milled. Mining operations were
suspended in December. An engineer and caretaker were left to take charge of the
property and to pump water from the mine when necessary.
SIMILKAMEEN RIVER AREA.
Hedley.
Company office, 908 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   W. B.
Canty Gold Mines   Farris, President;   V. J. Creeden, Secretary;   W. S. Charlton, Treas-
(Hedley), Ltd.      urer;   R. H. Stewart, Managing Director.    Capital:   3,000,000 shares,
$1 par;   issued, 2,172,788.    This mine closed down during 1941 and
was not reopened in 1942.    The machinery and equipment were removed from the
property during the year.
Company office, 908 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver, B.C.; mine office,
Hedley Mascot   Hedley, B.C.;  B. S. Brown, President;  V. J. Creeden, Secretary;  W. S.
Gold Mines, Ltd.  Charlton, Treasurer;   C. W.  S. Tremaine, General Superintendent;
J. C. Moore, Mine Foreman.    This company operates the Mascot mine,
1 mile north of Hedley.    The concentrator and mine offices are on the east bank of
Hedley Creek and the camp is on the side of Nickel Plate Mountain.    The ore is transported down the side.of the mountain by an aerial tramway, 5,600 feet in length, from
the ore-bin at the mine to the mill.    The two ore-skips have a capacity of 2 tons each.
The mine has been developed by an 8- by 8-foot adit, 2,500 feet in length, and
generally known as the 4,800-foot level;   this is the main haulage into the Mascot A 58 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Fraction.    The raise from the 4,300-foot level was completed and put into service
during 1941.    Four intermediate levels are opened off this raise.
The workings of this mine are connected with the workings of the adjacent Nickel
Plate mine at several points and during the year another connection was made on the
4,300-foot level from the Nickel Plate's new Morning shaft. During the months when
natural ventilation is found to be inadequate a Jeffrey propeller-type fan is used. Production during the year was chiefly from the upper levels.
Underground development during the year was restricted owing to the shortage of
labour and no plant additions were made. The ground previously worked on Nickel
Plate Mountain has generally been very hard but that in the vicinity of the No. 22
stope, in the lower workings, was abnormally soft and square-set timber had to be used.
About 50 per cent, of the timbered stope required back-filling; this work is now almost
completed. A large part of the back-filling material came from the new Morning
incline shaft of the Nickel Plate mine.
A total of 66,088 tons of ore was produced, yielding 22,477 oz. of gold, 2,757 oz. of
silver, and a quantity of copper and arsenic. A crew averaging eighty-five men was
employed. During the year 417 feet of drifting, 809 feet of raising, and 12,810 feet of
diamond-drilling were done.
Company office, 75 West Street, New York, N.Y.;   mine office, Hedley,
Kelowna        B.C.;  W. A. Kissam, Chairman;  S. T. Tyng, President;  J.W.Mercer,
Exploration Co.,   Treasurer;  O. P. Ebeling, Secretary;  W. C. Douglass, Manager;  C. B.
Ltd. Hume, Chief Engineer;   F. Turner, Mine Superintendent.    This is a
private company operating the Nickel Plate mine at Hedley. The concentrator, machine-shops, and general offices are at Hedley. The mine is at an elevation
of 5,600 feet and approximately 4,000 feet above and 4 miles north of the town. Transportation up the side of the mountain is in two sections; a 10,000-foot gravity tramway
from the ore-bin at the mill is operated with skips having a capacity of 6 tons. During
the year new concrete settings were placed under the hoist at the central station. The
portal of the mine is 1% miles north of the top of the upper terminal; an electric
trolley system hauls the ore from the mine to this terminal.
The most important underground development during the year was the continuance
of shaft-sinking on the Morning incline. This was commenced in 1941 and progressed
down a distance of 850 feet during 1942. The incline shaft is sunk on an angle of
50 degrees and is 16 by 8 feet in size, consisting of a double track for haulage and a
manway compartment. Four levels have been turned off from the shaft and the stations are at the following elevations above sea-level: 4,600 feet, 4,450 feet, 4,300 feet,
and 4,150 feet. The Nickel Plate mine is connected to the Hedley Mascot mine at many
points underground, and as the upper workings of the Nickel Plate mine are at a higher
elevation than the Mascot a high motive column is provided for natural ventilation.
The relative positions of these mines also provide a further opportunity for mutual
benefit; the rock taken from the drivage of the Morning incline is used for back-filling
in the timbered stope of the Mascot mine.
Further underground development consisted of driving on the I.X.L. adit and the
Climax. Owing to labour shortage, work on this development-had to be discontinued
in July. A total of 640 feet of development-work was done on the No. 15 level in
driving toward the Copper Cleft claim in search of a continuation of the " 4% "
Sunnyside ore-body.
Total underground development-work consisted of 3,041 feet of drifting, raising,
and shaft-work, and 7,879 feet of diamond-drilling. A total of 99,219 tons of ore was
milled, yielding 32,425 oz. of gold, 2,266 oz. of silver, and a quantity of copper and
arsenic. It is of interest to note that since this company took over the operation in
December, 1934, a total tonnage of 654,968 tons of ore has been produced. An average
crew of 176 men was employed during the year.
J PROGRESS NOTES. A 59
VERNON AREA.
Kalamalka.—This property on Brewer Creek, 2 miles from Lavington, was operated
under lease for the first part of the year by S. M. and C. Penny and associates. A total
of about 433 tons of ore was reported as shipped to Trail.
CAMP McKINNEY AREA.
This property, situated in Camp McKinney, was operated under lease
Cariboo-Amelia,   by E. Wanke and 0. Johnson, of Greenwood.    Hand-steel was used to
recover ore from the surface pillars left by the original operation.    Ore
totalling about 290 tons was reported as shipped to Trail.    Late in the year a lease on
another part of the mine was taken by the Fritz brothers, of Greenwood.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 6, 1940.]
BEAVERDELL AREA.
Vancouver.—A total of about 2 tons of ore was reported as mined by J. P. Gechain,
of Carmi, by hand-steel    This was shipped to Trail.
GREENWOOD-GRAND FORKS AREA.
. Jewel Lake.
Company office, 850 Hastings  Street West, Vancouver, B.C.;   J. R.
Dentonia Mines,  Reed,  President.    Capital:   2,500,000  shares,  no par value;   issued,
Ltd. 1,716,600.    The property was leased by A. H. Upton and associates, of
Vancouver, until late in the year, when it was taken over by W. E.
McArthur, of Greenwood. Mining was confined to salvaging pillars and stope remnants. Two to four men were employed. Ore amounting to 1,445 tons was mined by
A. H. Upton and shipped to Trail.
Grand Forks.
This property is 4 miles from Grand Forks.    It was operated for a
Yankee Boy.     short time under lease by J. and S. Klemens, of Grand Forks.    A total
of 135 tons, mostly sorted from old dumps, was shipped to Trail and
yielded 181 oz. of gold and 184 oz. of silver.    Development consisted of 32 feet of cross-
cutting and 50 feet of drifting.
This property, about 12 miles from Grand Forks, is owned and oper-
Humming Bird,   ated by A. Anderson, of Grand Forks.    It is equipped with a complete
small mining plant.    A total of 65 tons was mined and shipped to Trail.
Fifty feet of drifting was done during the year.
Franklin Camp.
This property is in the Franklin Camp, about 46 miles north of Grand
Union. Forks.    It is owned by the J. F. McCarthy Estate, of Wallace, Idaho,
and is operated under lease and bond by W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood. A small portable gasoline-driven compressor provides air for underground work.
An average crew of four men was employed until June 1st, 1942, when the property was
closed and the option was dropped. Development-work included 120 feet of drifting,
55 feet of raising, 550 feet of diamond-drilling, and some surface-trenching. A total
of 1,546 tons of ore was mined and shipped to Trail and this yielded 275 oz. of gold and
29,313 oz. of silver. A 60 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
This property adjoins the Union in the Franklin Camp.    It was oper-
Homestake.      ated under lease by W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood, who did considerable trenching and surface-stripping by hand in an attempt to
find another ore-shoot.    The work was unsuccessful.
SLOCAN AREA.
Retallack.
Company  office,  Kaslo,  B.C.;    R.  W.  Kennedy,   President.    Capital:
Highland Surprise 3,000,000 shares, 50 cents par.    The property is on Lyle Creek, 3%
Gold Mines, Ltd.  miles from Retallack.    It was operated under lease by G. H. Grimwood,
of Nelson, for one month during the summer.    A total of about 30 tons
of ore was reported as shipped directly to Trail.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 7, 1940.]
ROSSLAND AREA.
Mount Roberts.
This property, on Mount Roberts, is owned and operated by B. A. Lins
Midnight.       and associates, of Rossland.    It is equipped with a small complete
mining plant and a mill of about 10 tons per day capacity. The mill
was not run during the year. Four men were employed continuously. A total of about
528 tons was reported as mined and shipped to Trail.
This property adjoins the Midnight.    It  is  equipped with  a  small
I.X.L. mining plant and was operated continuously throughout the year by
K. Jorgensen and associates, of Rossland, under lease. A small amount
of development-work was done. A total of 68 tons of ore was mined and shipped to
Trail, which yielded 336 oz. of gold and 91 oz. of silver. Development-work consisted
of 120 feet of drifting and crosscutting. The average number of men employed was
three.
Gold Drip.—This property adjoins the Midnight and I.X.L. It is under lease and
bond to the Elleston's Syndicate, of Vancouver. R. W. Haggen, of Rossland, is in charge
of operations.    Two men were employed reopening the old workings.
This property, 1 mile west of Rossland, just off the main Cascade High-
Jumbo, way, is owned by C. Finch Smith, of California, and was operated for
a short time during the year under lease and bond by G. Nordholm,
J. Henderson, and B. Schwartzenhauer, of Rossland. Hand-steel was used to mine and
about 330 tons of ore was reported as shipped to Trail.
NELSON AREA.
Apex.
Company office, 725 Creighton Building, Spokane, Washington;   M. A.
Tri-Metals       Nelson, President.    This company operated the Golden Age mine on the
Mining, Inc.     Nelson-Nelway Highway, about 10 miles south of Nelson.   During the
year the property was equipped with a small complete mining plant and
arrangements were made to treat the ore in the Euphrates mill. Operations with a
crew of from fourteen to twenty-two men were conducted until the end of April, when
the difficulty of getting replacements for breakdown in the mill made it necessary to
close down for the duration. A small amount of development-work, including diamond-
drilling, was done. A small tonnage of concentrates was reported as mined, milled,
and shipped to Trail. PROGRESS NOTES. A 61
Toad Mountain.
This property, on Toad Mountain, is owned by M. Wilson, of Trail.    It
California.       was operated by three separate groups of lessees during the year,
namely, L. Bobier, H. Bremner, and L. J. Gormley.    Small portable
gasoline-driven compressors were used to mine ore by the different groups.    A total of
49 tons of ore was mined and shipped to Trail.
Victoria-Jesse.—This property, on Toad Mountain, was operated under lease by hand-
steel by B. Sterna and partner. A total of 17 tons of ore was shipped to Trail and
yielded 14 oz. of gold and 15 oz. of silver.
Hall Creek.
Bear.—This property, on Hall Creek, adjoins the Fern mine.    During the early part
of the year it was operated under lease by J. Bergquist and A. Carlson.    Hand-steel was
used and about 9 tons of ore reported as shipped to Trail.
[Reference: Annual Report, 1937, Part E.]
This property, on Hall Creek, is owned by C. E. and L. R. Hawley, of
Fern. Spokane, Washington.    It was leased by J. and T. Logan and J. Keller,
who used hand-steel to recover ore from pillars and stope remnants.
Thirty-three tons was shipped to Trail and yielded 61 oz. of gold and 30 oz. of silver.
Company office, 334 Peyton Building,  Spokane, Washington;   R.  E.
Canadian Belle    Linquist, President.    Capital:   1,150,000 shares, 1 cent par;   issued,
Mining Co.      850,000.    The company owns the Canadian Belle mine on Hall Creek.
'   A small amount of development-work was done by hand-steel under
the direction of M. Herman, of Ymir.
Eagle Creek.
Company  office,  521  Central  Building,  Seattle,  Washington;   H.  R.
Livingston       Smith,  President  and  Manager.    This  company  owns  the  Granite-
Mining Co.      Poorman mine on Eagle Creek, near Blewett.    A crew varying from
four to thirteen men was employed throughout the year and, in addition
to this, several small groups leased various parts of the mine.    The property is equipped
with a complete mining plant and mill, but the latter was not operated during the year.
Very little development-work was done.    A total of 1,137 tons was mined and shipped to
Trail.    This yielded 874 oz. of gold and 1,079 oz. of silver.
This property, adjoining the Granite-Poorman, is controlled by A. Nor-
Venango.        cross and associates, of Nelson.    During the early part of the year
considerable  development-work,  consisting   of trenching  by ground-
sluicing, 500 feet of diamond-drilling, and some drifting underground, was done.    A
new vein showing appreciable amounts of scheelite was uncovered.    The property is
equipped with a small complete mining plant.
Sitkum Creek.
Company office, 415 Baker Street, Nelson, B.C.;   J. B. Curtis, Presi-
Alpine Gold, Ltd. dent;   B. O'Neil, Secretary.    Capital:   500,000 shares, 50 cents par.
(N.P.L.).        This company operates the Alpine mine at the head of Sitkum Creek,
about 9 miles from the Nelson-Kaslo Highway. During the early part
of the year a total crew of sixty-eight men was employed in the mine and mill. As a
result of the development-work during the winter of 1941-42, the mill was started on
February 15th and operated continuously until May 20th when the property, because of
the labour shortage, was closed for the duration of the war. Sufficient ore for several
months of mill operation remain to be mined and the possibilities of further development are good.    Development-work, which was suspended about the end of February, A 62 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
included 728 feet of drifting and raising.    The concentrates, reported as shipped to
Trail, amounted to 75 tons.
[Reference:  Annual Report, 1938, Part E.]
Rover Creek.
Company office, Room 11, K.W.C. Block, Nelson, B.C.;   L. D. Clark,
Rover Creek      Manager and Secretary.    This company, a subsidiary of the Alpine
Mining Co., Ltd.  Gold, Limited, was formed to prospect a group of claims on Whitewater
Creek, a tributary of Rover Creek, where there is a large amount of
quartz float carrying good gold values.    A complete topographic survey was made of
the area and, in addition, 1,150 feet of trenching and 300 cubic yards of excavating in
4- by 4-foot test-pits were done.    Five men were employed from May to September,
1942.
Ymir.
This property on Ymir Creek, just above the junction of Huckleberry
Blackcock.       Creek, was operated for a short time by W. H. Weaver, of Calgary.    A
total of 6.9 tons of ore was mined and shipped to Trail. This yielded
2.32 oz. of gold, 7.59 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
This property is on Ymir Creek, about three-quarters of a mile above
Wilcox. the Blackcock.    It was operated under lease by B. Golac and partner.
Hand-steel was used to recover ore from surface-cuts and trenches.
A total of 88 tons was shipped to Trail, yielding 121 oz. gold, 335 oz. silver, and some
zinc.
Arizona.—This property, adjoining the Wilcox, was operated under lease by N. Morris and partner.   Hand-steel was used to mine 9 tons which was shipped to Trail.
Company office, 704 Royal Trust Building, Vancouver,  B.C.;   R.  C.
Ymir Consolidated McCorkell, President;   T.  G.  Cowan,  Secretary-Treasurer.    Capital:
Gold Mines, Ltd.   1,500,000 preferred shares, no par value;  2,500,000 common shares, no
par value; issued, 2,500,000 common shares. The company controls
the Goodenough mine, on Elise Mountain, and owns the adjoining Ymir mine. During
the year several groups of lessees recovered ore from pillars, stope remnants, and
dumps on both properties. The compressor plants at both properties and electric
haulage at the Ymir were used for some of these operations. A total of 1,237 tons
was reported as shipped to Trail. Late in the year the milling equipment, compressor
plant, and electric haulage at the Ymir mine were disposed of.
Company office, 525 Seymour Street, Vancouver, B.C.; E. P. Crawford,
Ymir-Yankee Girl President; W. A. Sutton, Secretary-Treasurer; L. G. Morrell, Mine
Gold Mines, Ltd. Manager.    Capital:  3,000,000 shares, no par value;   issued, 2,225,005.
The company owns and operates the Yankee Girl mine on Oscar Creek,
3 miles from Ymir, and operated the adjoining Dundee mine on a lease-and-bond basis.
The mill operated at capacity on ore from the Dundee mine until the end of February;
about forty-six men were employed. It was then altered to treat zinc tailings which
had been stacked from the former operation. These tailings were treated at the rate
of 100 tons per day and kept the mill running until June. The company operation was
then closed and a lease taken on the Yankee Girl mine and plant by L. G. Morrell and
associates, of Ymir. The backfill from some of the old stopes was drawn and treated
in the mill and the concentrates shipped to Trail. This operation continued until
almost the end of the year, when part of the plant and equipment was disposed of by
the company. No development-work was done during the year. Under the company
operation a total of 19,654 tons was milled and the concentrates shipped to Trail yielded
2,546 oz. of gold, 24,594 oz. of silver, and some lead, cadmium, and zinc. The lessees
treated 5,244 tons, which yielded 636 oz. of gold and 2,120 oz. of silver. PROGRESS NOTES. A 63
Wesko (Ymir Centre Star).—This property, about 3 miles from Ymir, was leased during
part of the year by 0. Anderson and associates, of Ymir. Hand-steel was used to
salvage pillars and stope remnants. A total of 107 tons was shipped to Trail, yielding
142 oz. of gold and 724 oz. of silver.
Durango (Howard).—L. P. Gormley and associates, of Nelson, leased the old tailings
dumps at the mill and 17 tons of concentrate was reported as shipped to Trail.
Salmo.
Company office, 618 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   C. F.
Clubine-Comstock Hunter,  Secretary.    Capital:   2,000,000  shares,  50  cents par.    This
Gold Mines, Ltd.   property, on Boulder Creek, was leased for a short time by R. Hansen
and J. Herman, of Rossland.    A total of about 33 tons was mined by
hand-steel and reported as shipped to Trail.
Airport Group.—A small amount of work was done by the owner, M. Malich, of Salmo.
Sheep Creek.
Company office, 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office, Sheep
Kootenay Belle   Creek, B.C.;   J. Rogers, President;   J. A. Clarke, Secretary-Treasurer;
Gold Mines, Ltd.  V. McDowall, Mine Manager.    Capital:   750,000 shares, 50 cents par;
issued, 675,200. The company owns and operates the Kootenay Belle
mine on Sheep Creek, about 10 miles from Salmo. The property was operated until
late in the year. During the first six months milling was maintained at 120 tons per
day. Then the mill was closed and mining continued with a greatly reduced crew until
October 1st, when sufficient broken ore had accumulated to enable the mill to operate
until about December 31st, 1942. The property was then closed for the duration of the
war. All development-work, which comprised 103 feet of drifting and 19 feet of cross-
cutting, was done on the Black vein and practically all the ore mined came from that
vein. The number of men employed varied from 130 at the first of the year to about
thirty at the end. A total of 26,016 tons of ore was mined and treated in the mill and
yielded 8,310 oz. of gold and 2,414 oz. of silver.
Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine
Sheep Creek     office, Sheep Creek, B.C.;   C. E. Marr, President;   J. Anderson, Secre-
Gold Mines, Ltd. tary-Treasurer;   H. E. Doelle, General Superintendent and Managing
Director. Capital: 2,000,000 shares, 50 cents par; issued, 1,875,000.
The company owns and operates the Queen mine on Waldie Creek, a tributary of Sheep
Creek. The mine and mill operated continuously throughout the year. A crew of 114
men was employed early in the year but this was gradually reduced to sixty through
labour shortage and restrictions. Development-work included 1,037 feet of drifting,
1,740 feet of crosscutting, 80 feet of raising, and 718 feet of diamond-drilling. A total
of 55,395 tons of ore was mined and treated in the mill and the bullion yielded 23,493
oz. of gold and 7,143 oz. of silver.
Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine
Gold Belt        office, Sheep Creek, B.C.-;   A. E. Jukes, President;   J. Anderson, Secre-
Mining Co., Ltd.  tary-Treasurer;    M.   O'Donnell,   Mine  Manager.    Capital:    3,000,000
shares, 50 cents par; issued, 2,550,000. The company owns and operates the Gold Belt mine on Sheep Creek. The mine and mill operated continuously
throughout the year at about 160 to 170 tons per day. The original crew of 130 men
was reduced to about forty-five at the end of the year through labour shortage and
restrictions. Development-work, which included 1,315 feet of drifting, 610 feet of
crosscutting, and 497 feet of raising, was suspended about the end of July. Mining
was greatly curtailed but mill tonnage was maintained by drawing heavily on broken
reserves. A definite development programme to connect the 1,400 level in the present
workings with the 600 level of the old workings, thus providing natural ventilation and A 64 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
exploring the more northerly veins at a higher horizon, was commenced but could not
be completed. A total of 55,299 tons of ore was treated in the mill and the bullion
yielded 19,616 oz. of gold and 8,289 oz. of silver.
The holdings of this company in the Sheep Creek camp, including the
Reno Gold Mine,  ground covered by the Reno, Motherlode, Nugget, Cayote, Fawn, and
Ltd. Bluestone properties, were taken over by A. Endersby, Jr., of Fruit-
vale. A portion of the plant, including the water-driven compressor in
the mill, the surface tram and skip from the 4,900 tunnel, and some miscellaneous light
equipment, were also acquired by A. Endersby later in the season. Up to nine men
were employed and ore was recovered from pillars and stope remnants in the Nugget
and Motherlode and from a small area in the Fawn. Toward the end of the year the
work was greatly curtailed because of labour shortage and restrictions. A total of
1,128 tons was mined from the Nugget and shipped to Trail. This yielded 883 oz. of
gold and 539 oz. of silver.
Erie Creek.
This property on Keystone Mountain, 3% miles from Erie, is owned
Arlington.       by the Relief Arlington Mines, Limited, and was operated under lease
by R. Oscarson, of Spokane, Washington.    Thirteen men were employed
originally but this number was finally reduced to three in July, because of labour
restrictions, and the mine was closed.    Hand-steel only was used.    A total of 561 tons
of ore was mined and shipped to Trail.
This property on Keystone Mountain, about S1/^ miles from Erie, was
Keystone.        operated for a short time under lease by C. A. Hansen and three partners, of Rossland.    A total of 47 tons was mined by hand-steel and
shipped to Trail.    This yielded 9 oz. of gold and 50 oz. of silver.
Gold Hill.—This property, about 4 miles from Erie and near the Keystone, was
operated under lease for three months by C. and F. Fresu, of Ymir.
SOUTH KOOTENAY LAKE AREA.
Company office, 308 Pacific Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Bayonne        Bayonne, B.C.;   W. C. Ditmars, President;   H. T. Wilson, Secretary-
Consolidated     Treasurer; J. A. Paterson, Mine Manager.    Capital:  2,500,000 shares,
Mines, Ltd.      no par value;    issued,  2,500,000.    The  company  owns  the  Bayonne
mine on Summit Creek, 23 miles by road from Tye Siding.    The mine
and mill were operated continuously until August 1st at a capacity of about 50 tons
per day, when it was closed, because of labour shortage, for the duration of the war.
Some developed ore remains to be mined.    All the machinery, plant, and equipment
were left at the property.    Development-work done during the year included 917 feet
of drifting, 66 feet of crosscutting, 80 feet of raising, and 604 feet of diamond-drilling.
A total of 11,976 tons of ore was mined and recovered from old dumps and the bullion
from this yielded 4,599 oz. of gold and 11,063 oz. of silver.
[Reference:   Annual Report, 1937, Part E.]
TEXADA ISLAND.
Company office,  1604 Royal Bank Building, Vancouver,  B.C.;   mine
Gem Gold Mines, office, Vananda, B.C.;  R. A. Logan, President;  J. D. Logan, Secretary-
Ltd. Treasurer;   W. J. Slater, Mine Manager.    Capital:   2,000,000 shares,
$1  par;    issued,  1,675,358.    This  company owns  the  Gem mine  on
Texada Island, 5 miles from Blubber Bay.    Only surface-trenching and prospecting
was done during the year.    Underground operations did not materialize due to war
conditions. PROGRESS NOTES. A 65
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Zeballos.
Company office, 602 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   D. S.
Privateer Mine,   Tait,   President;    N.   E.   McConnell,   Manager.    Capital:    2,500,000
Ltd. shares, no par value;   issued, 2,454,080.    This company operates the
Privateer mine in Spud Valley,. 4 miles by road from Zeballos. The
property is equipped with a 75- to 90-ton amalgamation and cyanide mill which serves
both the Privateer and Prident mines. Stoping continued in the Nos. 1, 2, and 3 veins,
principally on the 1,000, 1,100, and 1,200 levels. The total amount of drifting for the
year amounted to 961 feet; crosscutting, 253 feet; raising, 70 feet.
[Reference:   Lode-gold Deposits, Zeballos Area, 1938.]
This mine adjoins the Privateer and is owned and operated by the
Prident Mine.     Privateer Mine, Limited.    A crosscut was driven from the 600 level
of the Privateer to contact the veins of the Prident and a raise was
driven to the 600 level of the Prident mine.    All the ore from the Prident mine now
passes through this raise and through the ore-chutes of the Privateer mine to the 1,100
or mill level.    Several veins have been developed and stoped in the 400, 500, and 600
levels of the Prident mine.   The total amount of drifting amounted to 1,964 feet;  cross-
cutting, 152 feet;   raising, 598 feet;   diamond-drilling, 329 feet.    A total of sixty-five
men was employed for both Privateer and Prident mines towards the end of the year.
In the combined operation of the Privateer and Prident mines, 48,280 tons of ore
was mined, 25,073 tons of ore was milled, and 22,360 oz. of gold and 8,859 oz. of silver
were produced.
White Star Mine, Ltd.—Company office, 814 Rogers Building, Vancouver, B.C.; mine
office, Zeballos, B.C.; R. P. Stockton, President; T. P. Pickard, Manager. Capital:
200,000 shares, $1 par. During the early part of the year, stoping was completed in
the No. 3 level and the mine closed in June.
[Reference:  Lode-gold Deposits, Zeballos Area, 1938.]
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd.—Company office, 1001 Federal Building, Toronto,
Ontario; mine office, Zeballos, B.C.; F. M. Connell, President; W. S. Hamilton, Mine
Manager. Stoping was completed on the various levels at this mine and it closed about
the end of July.
[Reference:  Annual Report, 1938, Part F.]
Company office, 703 Royal Trust Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   P.  F.
Spud Valley      Knight, President;   W. Elliott, Manager.    Capital:   2,500,000 shares,
Gold Mines, Ltd.  $1 par;   issued, 2,325,000.    The company operates the Spud Valley
mine, 7 miles from Zeballos, and the Big Star mine across the Gold
Creek Valley from the Spud mine.    Due to a shortage of labour these mines closed in
June and it is expected that they will remain closed for the duration of the war.
Stoping and development-work was being carried out in the Goldfield and Spud veins
and two levels had been opened up in the Big Star mine.    A total of 20,060 tons of ore
was milled and 3,628 oz. of gold and 1,957 oz. of silver were produced.
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd. (Central Zeballos Mine).—W. S. Ellis, Manager.    This mine closed
in the autumn.    Stoping continued during the first half of the year and the raise from
No. 9 tunnel to the No. 5 level was completed before the mine closed down.
[Reference:  Annual Report, 1938, Part P.]
Homeward Mines, Ltd.—Company office, 703 Royal Trust Building, Vancouver, B.C.;
J. M. Wood, President; R. C. McCorkell, Managing Director; H. E. Smith, Manager.
Capital: 3,000,000 shares, 50 cents par. Very little work was done in this mine in
1942.    It closed down early in May.
[Reference:  Annual Report, 1938, Part F.] A 66 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Bedwell River.
Company office, 607 Rogers Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   H. T. James,
Musketeer Mines, Managing Director;   R.  Thompson,  Secretary;   R.  P.  Mason,  Mine
Ltd. Manager.    Operations were carried on steadily at this property with
a crew of thirty men until July 15th, when the company decided to
close down for an indefinite period owing to the difficulty in obtaining labour and
supplies. Development-work during the year included 603 feet of drifting and 125
feet of raising. Tonnage put through the mill amounted to 5,070 tons, from which
1,846 oz. of gold and 1,034 oz. of silver were recovered. The surface plant and buildings are under the supervision of a watchman who resides on the property.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 13, 1941.]
Company office,  555  Burrard  Street,  Vancouver,  B.C.;   H.  L.  Hill,
Buccaneer Mines, General Manager.    Forty-eight men were employed from January 1st
Ltd. to the end of July, when the company decided to cease their activities
in this area.    No new development-work was undertaken during the
year, and mining was confined entirely to the 1,400 and 1,600 stopes on the Main vein
and the 1,601 stope in the West vein;   2,922 tons of ore was broken from these areas
and put through the mill.    Immediately following the cessation of operations, a crew
of fifteen men under the supervision of L. Smith was engaged in dismantling the mine
and mill machinery.    This operation was completed and all equipment was moved to
the beach at the head of Bedwell Sound by September 30th.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 13, 1941.]
Company office, Tofino, B.C.    This property is owned by G. W. Bruggy,
B.B. and M.      Brendal, and McFarlane and comprises the following claims:  B.B. and
Group. M. group, located 500 feet from the main highway on the north side
of Bedwell River and 6 miles from the beach at Bedwell Sound;   Rita
group, located half a mile north of Bedwell River and 7 miles from the beach;   and
Golden Deer group, 5 miles from the beach and 500 feet from the highway on the south
side  of  Bedwell  River.    Prospecting  and   development  work  done   on   these  claims
included the following:   B.B. and M. group, 50 feet of tunnelling;  Rita group, 55 feet
of tunnelling;   Golden Deer group, 75 feet of open-cutting.    Mr. G. W. Bruggy acts as
caretaker during the suspension of operations.
Warn Bay.
Company office, 613, 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   E. K. Kanaly,
Maple Leaf      Manager.    This mine is near Bulson Creek and approximately 2%
Mine. miles from the beach at Warn Bay.    During 1941 a shaft was sunk
and some prospect drifting done under the supervision of F. Letain.
Early in 1942 a contract was let to W. J. Murray to build a trail from the beach to the
mine and an agreement made with R. Hunstone for 300 feet of drifting and cross-
cutting on the shaft vein, but neither of these projects were completed because of
Dominion Government regulations curtailing the development of new properties. The
sum of $2,700 was expended on the trail and roadway, but R. Hunstone only had time
to get his equipment set up and 40 feet of drifting done when operations were suspended
indefinitely.
Alberni.
Company office, Bank of Toronto Building, Victoria, B.C.; R. A. Pitre,
Thistle Mine.     General Manager;   D. E. Foote, Mine Manager.    Work was resumed
at this mine in the early part of the year with an average crew of
three men employed steadily until July 25th, when the mine was closed down for an
indefinite period.    During the period of operation 1,119 tons of ore was mined. PROGRESS NOTES. A 67
Great Central Lake.
This property is owned and operated by W, J. Sherwood, 2107 Wall
Sherwood Mine.   Street, Vancouver, B.C., and is in the Delia Falls area at a distance of
10 miles from the head of Great Central Lake.    During the period
June 1st to October 1st, inclusive, two men were employed on development-work, from
which 22 tons of ore, averaging 3.25 oz. gold and 5.75 oz. silver, was shipped to the
smelter at Tacoma.    An amalgam barrel was installed in the latter part of August and
3.5 tons of ore treated, from which satisfactory recoveries were made.    Repairs were
carried out on a few bridges on the road to the mine.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 13, 1941.]
GOLD-COPPER DEPOSITS.
GREENWOOD-GRAND FORKS AREA.
This property, at Phoenix, is owned and operated by W. E. McArthur,
Granby. of Greenwood.    The property is equipped with a complete small min
ing plant and the ore is treated in the Providence mill near Greenwood.
An average of nine men was employed for the first five months of the year, after which
time the property was closed due to shortage of labour and the marginal values in the
ore. Development-work included 220 feet of drifting, 80 feet of crosscutting, 30 feet
of sinking, 627 feet of diamond-drilling, as well as considerable surface-trenching. Ore
totalling 2,256 tons was mined and milled and the product, a gold-copper concentrate,
was shipped to Tacoma. This yielded 564 oz. of gold, 1,886 oz. of silver, and some
copper.
This property, in the Wellington Camp, near Phoenix, is owned by
Athelstan.       W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood.    A small amount of development-
work, consisting of 50 feet of crosscutting, 20 feet of sinking, and some
surface-trenching was done during the year.
Starveout.—This property, in the Wellington Camp, near Phoenix, was leased by
J. McDonald and C. E. Johnson, of Greenwood. A total of about 36 tons was reported
as mined by hand-steel and shipped to' Trail.
ROSSLAND AREA.
Company office, 215  St.  James  Street,  Montreal,  P.Q.;   mine office,
Consolidated     Trail> B-C^   S- G- Blaylock, President and Managing Director;   J. E.
Mining and      Riley, Secretary;   J. Buchanan, General Manager;   R. W.  Diamond,
Smelting Co. of   Assistant General Manager.    Capital: 4,000,000 shares, $5 par; issued!
Canada, Ltd.     3,271,669.    The company owns the War Eagle, Centre Star, Le Roi,
Josie, Iron Mask, No. 1, Annie, and Columbia Kootenay mines on Red
Mountain, near Rossland.    These properties were operated until the end of June by
lessees, about fifty men were engaged in mining ore from the surface and underground
on seventeen different leases.    The reasons given for closing were that these operations,
originally started as a relief measure, had largely outlived their usefulness and that
this ore, because of its high sulphide content, was curtailing the capacity of the lead
furnaces.    During the summer the company completed the examination programme
started last year and did 2,400 feet of diamond-drilling.
Phoenix.—-This property, in the South Belt, near Rossland, was operated under lease
for a short time during the summer by S. Berglund, of Rossland. A total of about 45
tons was reported as mined by hand-steel and shipped to Trail. A 68 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
This property on the Cascade Highway, 13 miles west of Rossland, is
Velvet. owned by the Velgo Mining Incorporated, of Seattle, Washington, and
is operated under lease by the Velvet Gold Leasers, consisting of H. S.
Elmes and R. Bielli, of Rossland. A crew of twenty men was employed at the first of
the year but this was gradually reduced to nine in December when the mine was closed
for the winter, partly because of labour shortage and partly because of the difficulty
in keeping the road open during the winter months. Development-work included 300
feet of drifting, 75 feet of crosscutting, 200 feet of raising, and 1,200 feet of diamond-
drilling. A total of 7,880 tons of ore was mined and milled and the product, a gold-
copper concentrate, was shipped to Tacoma. This yielded 1,206 oz. of gold, 504 oz. of
silver, and some copper. .
KASLO AREA.
Voygeur.—This property, on Ten Mile Creek, about 13 miles from Kaslo, is controlled by R. D. Wallace, of Walla Walla, Washington. Late in the year a small amount
of development-work was done by hand-steel.
SILVER-GOLD-LEAD DEPOSITS.
GREENWOOD AREA.
This property, about 1 mile north of Greenwood, was operated con-
Providence,      tinuously throughout the year by W. E. McArthur, of Greenwood, and
associates, under lease. A crew of nine men was employed, with seven
underground. Development-work included 220 feet of drifting, 150 feet of raising, and
500 feet of diamond-drilling. A total of 812 tons was mined and shipped to Trail.
This yielded 379 oz. of gold,-74,600 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
COPPER DEPOSITS.
PORTLAND CANAL AREA.
Anyox.
Some drilling has been done on the old Hidden Creek property by Anyox Metals, a
subsidiary of Ventures, Ltd.
SIMILKAMEEN RIVER AREA.
Princeton.
Company office,  675  Hastings  Street West, Vancouver,  B.C.;   mine
Granby Consoli-   omce> Copper Mountain, B.C.;   J. B. Beaty, President;   A. S. Baillie,
dated Mining,    General Manager;   B. E. Perks, Secretary;   A. W. Seaton, Treasurer;
Smelting & Power W. R.  Lindsay,  Mine Manager.    Capital:   600,000  shares,  $5 par;
Co., Ltd.        issued, 450,260.    The Copper Mountain mine and the concentrator at
Allenby have been in continuous operation since work was resumed
early in 1937, following a suspension of several years.    The mine is near the peak of
Copper Mountain, at an elevation of 4,000 feet, and is 12 miles south of Princeton. PROGRESS NOTES. A 69
A branch line of the Kettle Valley Railway, from Princeton, connects the mine, concentrator, and power plant.
The main development of the mine is by two main adit haulage-tunnels known as
Nos. 2 and 6 levels; all the ore is passed by haulage and transfer-chutes to No. 6 level,
on which the main transportation system of the mine is situated. The ore is crushed
near the portal of No. 6 level and is carried on the railway to the concentrator at
Allenby, 8 miles distant. The more recently opened levels, Nos. 7 and 8, received very
little attention in the way of development during the year. These levels are serviced
by a well-equipped vertical shaft, with a hoist placed on No. 5 level.
Development during the year consisted of 5,150 feet of drifting and crosscutting,
9,144 feet of raising, 14 feet of sinking, eight chutes, and thirty-two large grizzlies.
Diamond-drilling amounted to 16,649 feet.
The chief new work during the year was the development of the Princess May
workings from a new surface adit situated north-west of the main mine workings, to
which a connection has now been made. The greatest amount of broken ore comes
from big blasts.
The sharp decrease in development, in contrast to the previous year, can be
attributed to the critical shortage of skilled labour and the employment of inexperienced
workmen.
The average number of men employed (exclusive of townsite and staff employees)
at Copper Mountain was 386, of whom 276 were employed underground. Labour turnover was extremely high; over 600 new employees were hired and a slightly higher
number quit or were discharged.
This prospect, owned by S. Bonacci, of Jura, consists of upper and
Bonacci.        lower adits driven in the side of a hill below the Kettle Valley Railway,
near Jura.    The upper adit is in a distance of 75 feet and the lower
adit in a distance of approximately 400 feet.    A little work was done by S. Bonacci
during the year but further underground work was prohibited in the lower tunnel until
an area near the portal was retimbered.
NICOLA AREA.
Owned by G. Campbell and partners, of Kamloops.    This group con-
Lost Group.      sists of eight claims situated 32 miles from Kamloops on the Mamette
Lake-Kamloops road and approximately 4 miles south of Meadow
Creek, from which point a road was built during the year. The property, on which
copper is found, is situated in an area of hummocky upland, about 300 feet above the
valley, which is heavily timbered with pine and willow. A shaft sunk on this property
many years ago was subsequently almost filled. The only mining done this year consisted of some surface-stripping on a copper showing about 1,500 feet west of the old
shaft and during the month of October a car-load of ore was trucked to Kamloops for
rail shipment to the Tacoma smelter. At the time of inspection, three men were
employed.
VANCOUVER AREA.
Company office, 730 Fifth Avenue, New York City;  mine office, Britan-
Britannia Mining nia Beach, B.C.;   E. B. Schley, President;   C. P. Charlton, Secretary-
and Smelting     Treasurer;   C. P. Browning, General Manager;   and G. C. Lipsey,
Co., Ltd.        Superintendent.    This company operates the Britannia mines at Britannia Beach, Howe Sound.    Regular development-work and stoping
has been carried on in the Victoria, Fairview, No. 5, and Bluff mines, although it has
been greatly hindered by the shortage of labour.    Particular mention should be made
of the square set stoping carried out in No. 5 mine.    This work has been well planned
and carried out very successfully.    A new service shaft, No. 7, has been raised from A 70 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
the 4,100 to the 2,200 level and connections to the shaft made on seven levels. This
shaft will be in operation early in 1943. A new three-compartment shaft, No. 8, was
collared from the 4,100 level in the No. 8 mine section, raised to the 3,900 level, and
will be sunk and equipped to the 5,100 level in 1943. The 4,500 level has been advanced
from No. 6 shaft and will connect with No. 8 shaft. Development-work totalled 15,339
feet or 2.91 miles, made up as follows: Drifting, 3,562 feet; crosscutting, 2,779 feet;
raising, 4,198 feet; powder-blast workings, 2,631 feet; winzes, 46 feet; and shafts,
2,123 feet. A total of 45,490 feet of diamond-drilling was done. The average number
of men decreased to 608. Towards the end of the year, prospects looked a little better
for an increase in the number of men.
The recovery of metals was augmented by the operation of the copper-precipitation
plant which continued to treat the copper-bearing portion of the mine-drainage waters.
COPPER-ZINC DEPOSITS.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
Duncan.
Company office, Duncan, B.C.; E. M. Thomson, President; C. Ruther-
Twin" J."      ford,  General Manager;   R.  B.  Gayer,  Mine  Manager.    This  mine,
formerly owned by Tyee Consolidated Gold Mining Company, is on
Mount Sicker and is now being put in shape for production by Twin " J " Mines, Ltd.
Under the supervision of C. Erickson, a sampling and diamond-drilling programme was
begun'on April 20th and completed August 27th; an average crew of six men was
employed in these operations. Nothing further was done until November 3rd, when
a crew of six men was sent in to the property to clean up and do general repairs; at
the end of the year, there were forty-two men on the pay-roll, ten of whom were engaged
underground while the remainder were employed repairing roads, building bridges, and
clearing a mill-site below No. 3 Lenora tunnel. Considering the inclemency of the
weather, fairly good progress has been made with the surface works. The necessary
machinery required for the mill has been arranged for, and a portion of this is already
on the ground. A portable Diesel compressor of 315 cubic feet capacity has been
installed at the No. 2 Lenora tunnel while the repair-work in No. 3 tunnel has progressed a distance of 535 feet from the portal.
SILVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS.
BEAVERDELL AREA.
Company office, Creston, B.C.;   mine office, Beaverdell, B.C.;   R. V.
Highland Bell,    Staples, Managing Director;   R. B. Staples, Mine Manager.    Capital:
Ltd. 1,500,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 1,315,856.    The company owns and
operates the Highland Bell mine on Wallace Mountain, 4 miles from
Beaverdell.    The property was operated continuously throughout the year with an
average crew of thirty-eight men.    Development-work included 120 feet of drifting, 110
feet of crosscutting, and 200 feet of raising.    A total of 4,930 tons of ore was mined PROGRESS NOTES. A 71
and shipped to Trail.    This yielded 166 oz. of gold, 688,932 oz. of silver, and some lead
and zinc.
This property, on Wallace Mountain, was operated under lease for a
Bounty Fraction,  short time early in the year by 0. Houlind and associates, of Beaverdell.    Twenty-eight tons of ore was mined and shipped to Trail.   This
yielded 0.48 oz. of gold, 3,312 oz. of silver, and some lead.
AINSWORTH.
Company office, Ainsworth, B.C.;   C. M. Mohr, Manager.    This com-
Ainsmore Mines, pany operates the Spokane and Trinket groups of claims on Munn
Ltd. Creek, about 3 miles from Ainsworth.    During the year the property
was equipped with a small complete mining plant, including a compressor driven by electric power from Nelson. From ten to seventeen men were employed
for the greater part of the year. Development included 700 feet of drifting, 118 feet
of sinking, and 50 feet of raising. Some crude lead ore was reported as shipped to
the Kellogg Smelter under contract with the Metals Reserve Corporation.
These properties are on Cedar Creek, about 4 miles from Ainsworth.
Josephine, Buck-   The Buckeye and Josephine are owned by W. C. Dalgleish, of New
eye, and Highland. Jersey, and the Highland  (owned by the Consolidated Mining and
Smelting Company of Canada, Limited)  is held under lease.    Three
men were employed under the direction of T. Hawes, of Ainsworth, and a small amount
of surface trenching and stripping was done.
Dinera.—This property, near Ainsworth, was leased by H. E. Gauthier.    A total of
about 6 tons was reported as mined by hand-steel and shipped to Trail.
This property on Kootenay Lake, 2% miles north of Ainsworth, was
Kootenay        optioned by B. S. W. Buffam and associates, of Toronto.    The low-
Florence,        level adit-tunnel was reopened and ventilated and an examination made
but no other work done.    Late in the year the property was acquired
by the Wartime Metals Corporation, with H. A. Rose in charge.    A power-line is being
built from Ainsworth to the mill, and some of the mining equipment of the Ymir Consolidated has been acquired and is to be moved to the Kootenay Florence.
RIONDEL.
- Blue Bell.—This property at Riondel, on Kootenay Lake, is owned by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited. During the summer 3,934
feet of diamond-drilling was done.
SLOCAN AREA.
Kaslo-Three Forks.
This company is a subsidiary of the Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Limited.
Zincton Mines,   It owns and operates the Zincton (Lucky Jim) mine at Zincton.    The
Ltd. mine and mill were operated continuously throughout the year.    An
average crew of sixty-one men with thirty-six working underground
was employed under the direction of F. R. Thompson. Early in the year, the mill,
capacity was raised from 200 to over 300 tons per day by the installation of two large
Denver unit cells designed to remove the graphite from the pulp before sending it to
the regular flotation circuit. The power plant was also augmented by the addition of
a 225-horse-power Fairbanks-Morse Diesel directly connected to a 185-k.v.a. generator.
The 300-ton-per-day mill capacity was not constantly maintained due to labour shortage.
Development-work included 678 feet of drifting and crosscutting, 509 feet of raising,
and 4,945 feet of diamond-drilling. A total of 87,593 tons was milled and the zinc
concentrate shipped to the Anaconda Smelter, near Butte, Montana. A 72 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Caledonia.—This property, near Blaylock, produced 3 tons of ore which yielded 458
oz. of silver.
Silver Bear.—This property, on Keen Creek, is owned by F. Helme, of Kaslo. Some
development-work was done by the owner.
Red Mineral Claim.—This property is on the old Main road, 4 miles south of Kaslo.
The owner, E. Holmstrom, of Kaslo, did some development-work.
Company office, 504 Empire State Building, Spokane, Washington;
Slocan Silver     P- G. Morey, Secretary. ■   Capital:   500,000 shares, $1 par.    This corn-
Mines, Ltd.      pany owns the McAllister mine on London Ridge, near Three Forks.
Late in the year a lease was taken on the mine by G. Allen and I. G.
Nelson, of Nelson.    Plans are to mine low-grade siliceous ore by hand-steel and ship
it to Trail, to take advantage of the low smelting rate on this type of ore.
This property is on Whitewater Creek, near Retallack.    It is equipped
Whitewater.      with a complete mining plant, camp, and flotation mill of about 100
tons  daily capacity.    The  mill  and  plant  are  run  by water-power.
During the year an option on the property and equipment was taken by the Kootenay
Belle Gold Mines, Limited.    Late in the year some work was done in reconditioning
the camp and mine workings.
Sandon-Three Forks.
Payne, Washington, and Slocan Boy.—These properties on the Payne Ridge, near Sandon, have been consolidated and were operated by the Kel.owna Exploration Company,
under the direction of A. Lakes, of Nelson. During the summer 7,500 feet of surface-
stripping was done by tractor and bulldozer.    Three new veins were encountered.
This property, 3 miles from Sandon, is owned by D. Petty, of Nelson,
Victor. and is operated under lease by E. Doney and son.    A total of 84 tons
was mined by hand-steel and shipped to Trail.    This yielded 9 oz. of
gold, 11,232 oz. of silver, and some lead and zinc.
This property, situated above Cody, was acquired by the Reco Moun-
Noble Five. tain Base Metals Mines, Limited, of Sandon, from the owners, the
Nelson Consolidated Mines, Limited. The mine has been a former
producer and the property is equipped with a complete mining plant, camp and mill,
all somewhat out of date and presumably in need of repairs. A crew of fifteen men
under the direction of A. H. Honsberger has been engaged in reconditioning the camp
and mine workings'.
Ruth Hope.—A total of 35 tons was mined from this property by G. P. Stewart.
This yielded 2,132 oz. of silver and some lead and zinc.
Note.—Some work was done and small shipments made from the following properties in this area: Canadian Group, by J. Fontain and A. Forsyth; Silver Ridge, by
B. Pengalli and R. Walsh;  New Springfield, by H. E. Peterson and H. Ekeblad.
Silverton-New Denver.
This property on Slocan Lake, between Silverton and New Denver, is
Bosun. owned by J. Campbell, of New Denver.    It was leased by A. Pellegrini,
of New Denver.    Thirty-nine tons of ore was mined by hand-steel and
shipped to Trail.    This yielded 3.1 oz. of gold, 2,645 oz. of silver, and some lead and
zinc.
Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   J.
Galena Farm      Anderson,   Secretary-Treasurer.    Capital:    2,500,000  shares,  no par
Consolidated     value;   issued, 1,602,203.   This company owns the Hewitt mine, about
Mines, Ltd.      6 miles from Silverton.    During the summer it was operated under
lease by H. V. Dewis and associates, of Silverton.    A total of 252
tons was mined by hand-steel and shipped to Trail. PROGRESS NOTES. A 73
Company office, Silverton, B.C. This company operated the Standard
Western mine on Emily Creek, about 3 miles from Silverton, and the Mammoth
Exploration mine on Avison Creek, about 4y2 miles from Silverton. Both opera-
Co., Ltd.        tions were under the supervision of A. M. Ham, of Silverton.    The
Standard mine worked continuously throughout the year, employing
an average crew of sixty-two men, including those in the mill, power plant, and on the
tailings dredge. Development-work included 762 feet of drifting, 200 feet of cross-
cutting, 448 feet of raising, and 300 feet of diamond-drilling. Haulage facilities in
the mine were greatly improved by the installation of a Mancha Trammer and, in
connection with this, the 6th level track was reconditioned and 910 feet of old workings
retimbered. The ore was trucked from the mine to the mill. During the summer the
tram from the Mammoth to the Standard mill was repaired and the Mammoth camp
and mine reconditioned. Mining was commenced in September and continued throughout the year with a crew of twenty-eight men on a one-shift basis, due to the labour
shortage. Development at the Mammoth included 85 feet of crosscutting, 114 feet of
raising, and the retimbering of 500 feet of old workings. A total of 73,128 tons of
ore was treated in the Standard mill during the year; 50,000 of this came from the
old tailings dump in Slocan Lake and the remainder from the Standard and Mammoth
mines. Prior to October 1st, 1942, the lead and zinc concentrates were shipped to the
United States Smelting and Refining Company plant near Kellogg, Idaho. After that
date the concentrates were shipped under a contract with the Metals Reserve Corporation of Washington, D.C.
This property is on Enterprise Creek, about 5 miles from the Slocan
Enterprise.       Highway.    It is operated under lease and bond by S. N. Ross and
associates, of Nelson. From three to seven men were employed from
June until November, when work ceased because of winter conditions. The mill treated
510 tons from the old tailings dump.
Slocan City.
This property is on Springer Creek, about 5 miles from Slocan City.
Ottawa. It was operated under lease by W. Hicks and associates, of Slocan
City. Three men were employed and hand-steel only was used.
A total of 15 tons was mined and 5,263 oz. of silver was produced.
Note.—In addition to the above operation, a small amount of work, chiefly development and assessment, was done on the following properties in this area: Bell, by J. H.
Traynor; Morris, by W. Clough; Morning Star, by W. R. Clemens; Jack and Jack,
by J. L. Howard;   White Hope, by C. W. Tipping;   and L.T. mine, by D. B. O'Neail.
CRANBROOK AREA.
Company office, 215 St. James Street, Montreal, Quebec;   mine and
Consolidated     smelter office, Trail, B.C.;   S. G. Blaylock, President and Managing
Mining and      Director;   J.  E.  Riley,  Secretary;   J.  Buchanan,  General  Manager.
Smelting Co. of   Sullivan mine general office, Kimberley, B.C.;   W. Lindsay, General
Canada, Ltd.     Superintendent;   J. R. Giegerich, Mine Superintendent;   H.R.Banks,
Mill Superintendent.    The company owns and operates the Sullivan
mine on Mark Creek and the Sullivan concentrator at Chapman Camp, about 3 miles
away, near the town of Kimberley.
The results of the past year at the Sullivan mine constituted a new record. Beside
a considerable increase in production, very satisfactory progress was made with underground development and preparations for a simplified handling of the output from
the parts of the mine below the 3,900-foot level, since these are now assuming considerable importance in the planning of future operations.    The main haulage system A 74 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
has been sufficiently reinforced to handle the enlarged tonnage in a satisfactory manner, and a rearrangement of the surface tracks between the portal and the rock-house
permitted the elimination of some sharp curves which had caused a certain amount
of inconvenience in the past. This involved the erection of heavy trestle-work,
resting on massive concrete foundations, but the entire undertaking was carried out
with remarkable speed.
Satisfactory progress was made during the year with the belt incline linking the
3,500 with the 3,900 feet levels. At this time only a comparatively short section
remains to be driven. A raise, connecting the south end of the 3,901 shaft workings
with the 3,912-1 drift was also completed in the course of the year.
Close attention is paid to the ventilation, and an extensive programme of improvements involving a considerable amount of sinking, raising, and drifting is at present
under consideration to increase the flow of air through the lower levels in which the
dust concentrations found are uniformly higher than those met in the balance of the
workings.
Preparations are under way to explore and develop a small area in which tin-
bearing minerals are found in higher proportions than in the rest of the mine, but
where the low percentage of lead and zinc sulphides present had heretofore rendered
regular operation unprofitable.
The development-work done in the period under consideration included 8,370 feet
of drifting and crosscutting, 14,412 feet of raising, and 7,988 feet of diamond-drilling.
A rapidly increasing use of diamond-drilling is being made in the preparation of
large-scale blasting operations in stopes, and 44,085 feet of it was done in the past
year for this purpose alone.
Filling operations resulted in the placing of 233,000 cubic yards of stowing
material. This is still much below the volume of underground excavating done in the
same time and an attempt is to be made in the course of the coming season to increase
the volume of filling gravel and rock customarily handled.
On the surface, additions and improvements included the building of a dam on
Mark Creek, the installation of a new 22-inch wood-stave pipe-line over part of the
distance between the mine and the concentrator, the construction of a temporary
change-house for the machine-shop crew, of a dry-room for the female employees at
the concentrator, and of a number of dwelling-houses on the Happy Valley arid Ritchie
townsites.
At the concentrator, the tin smelter was completed early in the year and was in
constant operation from March until the end of November, when it was closed for
minor repairs and also to permit the accumulation of another stock of concentrates.
At the end of the year, the total number of persons on the pay-roll was 1,536, of
whom 813 were employed underground, 367 at the concentrator, and 358 in various
other capacities on the surface.
St. Eugene Mining Corporation, Ltd.—Company office, 25 King Street West, Toronto,
Ontario; W. S. Morlock, President; W. B. Malone, Secretary-Treasurer. The properties of this company, the St. Eugene Extension and the Aurora, on Moyie Lake,
remained idle throughout the year.
GOLDEN AREA.
Company office, 350 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario;   mine office, Field,
Base Metals     B.C.;   J. H. C. Waite, President;   G. C. Ames, Secretary-Treasurer;
Mining Corpora-  G. Ballachey, Manager;   H. D. Forman, Mine Superintendent;   J. A.
tion, Ltd.        Edwards, Mill Superintendent.    This company operates the Monarch
mine on Mount Stephen and the Kicking Horse mine on Mount Field,
on opposite sides of the Kicking Horse River and both about 3 miles from the Canadian
Pacific Railway station. PROGRESS NOTES. A 75
The Monarch mine will undoubtedly remain active for some time to come, although
it is gradually losing importance relative to the Kicking Horse mine. A recently discovered lens of ore is being extracted in the East Monarch, and exploratory work is
still in progress at the inner end of the section. The comparatively high price obtained
for zinc is permitting the recovery, on a small scale, of some ore formerly abandoned
on the west side. The ventilation of the East Monarch has been improved to some
extent; portable Edison electric lamps are now in general use; and restrictions have
been put on blasting.
The total number of persons employed is seventy-two, of which twenty-one are
working underground, twenty-six at the concentrator, and twenty-five are engaged in
various other occupations on the surface. Development-work included 506 feet of
drifting, 70 feet of raising, and 4,850 feet of diamond-drilling.
The Kicking Horse operation is growing in importance, and it is now evident that
the former estimates of available ore had been too conservative. The uppermost, or
No. 3, ore-body was found to extend downwards considerably more than had been
surmised and, at the end of the year, a sloping drift was being driven in the floor of
the stope to permit its complete extraction. Water has been met in these workings
in greater quantity than in the Monarch mine, situated in the same geological formation. This leads to considerable difficulty in the colder part of the winter season, for
the tramway adit, which conveys most of the drainage, becomes encumbered with ice.
The ore is brought down to the level of the river by a short aerial tramway and is
then transported by motor-trucks to the Monarch concentrator for treatment. Twenty-
nine men are employed underground and two on the surface. Development-work
included 368 feet of drifting, 45 feet of raising, and 2,127 feet of diamond-drilling.
MANGANESE DEPOSITS.
WILLIAMS LAKE AREA.
This company took an option on claims belonging to A. Haddock, of
Newon Manganese Williams Lake, and associates.   The claims are located near the Chil-
Mining Co., Ltd.   cotin Highway crossing of the Fraser River west of Williams Lake.
Surface outcroppings of manganese ore were stripped by a bulldozer.
A short incline was then driven to intersect the downward extension of the ore but
failed to expose any such extension. Four diamond-drill holes aggregating 470 feet
also failed to intersect any ore at depth. The option was accordingly relinquished.
The work was in charge of K. R. North.
MERCURY DEPOSITS.
FORT ST. JAMES AREA.
Pinchi Lake.
F. T. Bloomer, Superintendent.   Active development continued during
the year, consisting of 4,824 feet of drifting, 5,988 feet of raising, 56
Mining and      feet of sinking, and 20,366 feet of diamond-drilling.   The mine worked
Smelting Co. of   every day.    The system of numbering levels was.changed.    The top
Canada, Ltd.     jevei (600) is now No. 1 and they are numbered downward.   On No. 1
level  (old 600), the glory-hole stope operated most of the year and
Consolidated A 76 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
produced most of the tonnage. Stoping was also done between No. 3 and No. 6 levels.
Eight stopes have been opened on No. 2 level, which is the lowest level at present and
is the main haulage for the mine. These stopes are 30 feet wide with a 30-foot pillar
between each stope. Raises were put through to No. 3 level and a crosscut driven
through each pillar about half-way up before stoping was commenced. The 502 drift
from which these stopes were opened is being advanced another 150 feet to open up
another ore-body farther west. A 65-degree winze, 10.5 by 6 feet outside section, is
being sunk on the ore from No. 2 level and was down 56 feet at the end of the year.
It is proposed to sink the winze 250 feet. No. 6 level will be turned off at 175 feet.
Preparations are being made for sinking the main shaft which will be three compartment. It is to be raised from No. 2 level to a point near the surface above No. 3 level.
A crosscut 70 feet long will be driven in from the surface to connect with the top of
the shaft. The shaft-hoist will be located on the surface. A pilot raise is being put
up first then the shaft will be slashed out to full size and the timbering done from the
top down.    The ore and waste pockets will be between No. 3 and No. 2 levels.
Two additional " Wedge " roasters were installed during the year. Some changes
were made in the crushing section to take care of the increased tonnage. The secondary
crusher, which was of the disk type and had given considerable mechanical trouble,
was discarded and a gyratory crusher, formerly at Big Missouri, was installed. This
required a change in the conveyer system.
The cold-press method of extracting the mercury from the mud has not proved
successful. The mud is still raked by hand on steam-heated tables. These tables are
well hooded with exhaust-fans mounted over the hood to draw air in over the tables
and prevent the escape of mercury vapour into the building.
Precautions taken to protect employees working in the mill and handling mercury
appear to be adequate. No cases of mercurial poisoning have been reported since
early in 1941.
Many additions have been made to the camp. A new cook-house and dining-hall
capable of seating 350 people has been built. Two new three-story bunk-houses and-
some dwellings have been built.    The power plant has been considerably increased.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 5, 1940.]
Takla Lake.
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, and the
Bralorne Mines, Limited, are developing mercury properties on Silver Creek.
RELAY CREEK AREA.
This operation was started late in the year after Bralorne Mines,
Bralorne Mines,   Limited, had optioned a group of claims on Relay Creek, about 2 miles
Ltd. above its confluence with Tyaughton  Creek,  from W. Riley and T.
Schwartz.  Cinnabar mineralization associated with stibnite and various
gangue minerals occurs in a shear zone in conglomerate.    The zone appears to dip
steeply to the north-east and has been traced for about 1,500 feet in a direction north
28 degrees west along 30-degree slope.
By November 6th about 70 feet of crosscutting and drifting and 60 feet of
diamond-drilling had been done. This work was temporarily suspended while the
crew rushed erection of winter quarters. Underground development-work was again
resumed before the end of the year.
About twenty men were employed under the supervision of S. Wilson, of the
Bralorne engineering staff. PROGRESS NOTES. A 77
YALAKOM RIVER AREA.
Mr. Tovell and associates, of Calgary, obtained an option on this group
Red Eagle Group, from J. Thompson and landed a double drum-hoist and scraper on the
ground with the intention of stripping the overburden.    Nothing was
done, however, and the option was later relinquished.
In the meantime Mr. Thompson, who had installed a small double chamber Rossi
type retort furnace, cobbed ore from the loose surface rock lying between the overburden and the bed-rock and put it through this furnace. He thus recovered several
flasks of mercury.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 5, 1940.]
This group is across the Yalakom River and several miles up-stream
Christie Group,   from the Red Eagle workings.    It was optioned to A. E. Smyth and
associates, of Calgary, who landed a compressor and other equipment
on the ground and drove a 70-foot tunnel.    The tunnel revealed nothing of interest
and nothing further was done.
MOLYBDENUM DEPOSITS.
SOUTHERN OKANAGAN.
Osoyoos.
This claim, optioned by J. O. Howells, of Osoyoos, is situated about
Gem. half a mile north of the Dividend mine, Osoyoos.    The work done on
this claim, up to the time of inspection in December, consisted of 75
feet of surface-trenching and the cleaning out of an old 20-foot deep excavation known
as the Murphy shaft.
ROSEBERY AREA.
V. .and G. Mine.—This property is about three-quarters of a mile from Rosebery.
Development-work was done with hand-steel by the owners, E. J. Vandergrift and
W. George, of New Denver.
SALMO AREA.
This property, on Lost Creek, is owned by the Consolidated Mining and
Molly. Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.    It was operated continuously
from July 1st, 1942, with six men using hand-steel.    The camp was
reconditioned and enlarged.    After development,  including 114 feet of crosscutting
and 45 feet of drifting, was completed, the crew was put on mining molybdenum ore.
L. D. Clark, of Nelson, was in charge.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 9, 1940.]
TUNGSTEN DEPOSITS.
ATLIN AREA.
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, did some
prospecting on a showing of wolframite on Boulder Mountain, near the headwaters of
Boulder Creek.    The results so far obtained have been indefinite. A 78 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
HAZELTON AREA.
Red Rose Mine.—A. W. Davis, Superintendent.   The property is located
C      i-j    j     in the Rocher Deboule range, near Hazelton.    The upper crosscut tun-
Mining and      nel No. 300 (at elevation 6,130 feet and about 300 feet below the ridge)
Smelting Co. of   was driven in 1941 to the intersection of the vein at about 320 feet.
Canada, Ltd.     a raise was put up from the 300, and the 200 level driven out to the
surface as a drift on the vein.    A drift was also started south in the
ore from the top of the raise.
At 300 level drifting south opened up the 350 stope which is now producing ore.
The 302 drift was started north in the ore and driven through to the surface. This
gave a length of the ore-body on 300 level of about 500 feet. The 600 crosscut tunnel
was started from the surface 300 feet vertically below 300 level and struck the ore-
body at 324 feet. A stope 230 feet long has been opened on this level and a raise is
through to 300 level. The upper terminal of the surface tram was moved from 300
down to 600 level.
Another crosscut from the surface is being started at the mine camp level about
300 feet vertically below 600. When this is driven and a raise put through, the aerial
tram terminal will be brought down to the lower level.
The mine worked 364 days. A total of 1,515 feet of drifting and crosscutting
and 573 feet of raising was done.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
CARIBOO AREA.
The Cariboo Scheelite Syndicate was formed to option and operate the
Hebson Group.   Hebson group of claims on the Little Snowshoe Plateau, owned by
E. Taylor, of Barkerville, and associates.    The option agreement was
drawn up in the late summer and towards the end of the year a small crew of four or
five local men was engaged in stripping and open-cutting.    A few tons of ore was
ready for shipment at the end of the year.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
BRIDGE RIVER AREA.
This property, owned by E. Phillips, of Minto, is situated on the east
Tungsten Queen  bank of Tyaughton Creek at a point about 17 miles north of Minto.
Group. The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited,
continued work until the end of June under an option agreement made
in 1941. Development-work for the first six months of the year includes 28 feet of
drifting, 23 feet of raising, and several hundred feet of surface-trenching and open-
cut work.
The drifting was undertaken to try to follow a small flat-lying showing of scheelite
about 700 feet east of the main zone and at elevation 4,450 feet. The trenching and
open-cutting was done to explore or extract scheelite occurring at several places on
the property.
The raising was done to improve the method of handling the broken material from
the underhand stope on the 4,200 level of the main zone. The raise was driven from
the tunnel at elevation 4,143 to tap the stope. Previously the ore had been hoisted by
horse and bucket.
Small shipments of hand-cobbed high-grade scheelite ore were made periodically.
An average of twelve men was employed.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.] PROGRESS NOTES. A 79
E. Lorntzsen and G. Lundberg, partners in this group, discovered schee-
Tungsten King    lite in commercial quantities early in the year.    Gathering together the
Group. necessary equipment they commenced to extract the ore by open-cut
methods.    By the end of the year they had recovered about 30 tons of
ore of about 5 per cent, grade which was awaiting treatment at the Bralorne mill.   They
had also made one or two small shipments of high-grade ore to Ottawa.
For the purpose of getting underground during the winter, the partners drove
two crosscut tunnels. One from the face of the open-cut was advanced 25 feet and
intersected a shoot of high-grade scheelite ore from which 2,100 lb. of good ore was
mined.
The second crosscut was started at an elevation of 30 feet below the upper one
and driven 50 feet in a north-easterly direction. A raise is to be driven to cut the
ore-shoot above.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
LARDEAU AREA.
Beaton-Camborne.
United Victory.—This property, about 12 miles from Beaton, is under option to the
Bralorne Mines, Limited. A programme of diamond-drilling is under way in some
scheelite mineralization.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
TROUT LAKE AREA.
This property, on Wilkie Creek, about 4 miles from Trout Lake, is
Lucky Boy.      owned by G. Yuill, of Trout Lake, and is optioned by J. M. Tillen and
associates, of Trout Lake.    Some scheelite ore was hand-cobbed and
sorted from the dumps.    Later in the year an option was taken from Mr. Tillen by
the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, who examined
and sampled the property.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
NELSON AREA.
Athabasca.—This property, on Morning Mountain, was leased for a short time during the summer by G. S. Gormley. A small amount of tungsten ore was mined by
hand-steel.
[Reference: Bulletin No. 10,1943.]
This property, near Blewett and adjoining the Granite-Poor man, is
Venango.        owned by the Venango Gold Mines, Limited, Box 296, Nelson, B.C.
Considerable development, including 500 feet of diamond-drilling, a
large amount of surface-stripping by ground-sluicing, and a small amount of underground work was done by the owners in the early part of the year.    A vein showing
appreciable amounts of scheelite was uncovered.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
YMIR AREA.
This property is on Stewart Creek, about 3 miles from the Nelson-Nel-
Stewart and      way Highway.    It was located by E. P. Haukedahl and associates, of
Stewart No. 2    Ymir, who did about 150 feet of surface-stripping by ground-sluicing
Groups. on a scheelite showing.    In July an option was taken on the groups by
the Premier Gold Mining Company, Limited.    The trail from the highway  was  repaired   and  a  temporary  summer  camp  was  built.    Development-work A 80 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
included 2,500 feet of surface-stripping on the main Stewart zone, about 100 feet of
which was deep cutting and rock-work, and about 25 feet of reconditioning old tunnel
and 7 feet of crosscutting. One hundred and ten feet of stripping was done on a minor
showing to the west of the main zone. All the work was done by hand methods.
A total of sixteen men was employed until November when the option was dropped.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
Porky.—This property, about 6 miles from Ymir and near the Hunter V., was located
by E. P. Haukedahl and associates, of Ymir. A small amount of surface-stripping was
done by hand-steel.
SALMO AREA.
This property on Iron Mountain, about 9 miles from Salmo, was owned
Emerald. by The Iron Mountain, Limited, of San Francisco, and was worked by
that company until August 17th, when arrangements were made for it
to be taken over by the Wartime Metals Corporation of Montreal. Three major occurrences of scheelite—the main Emerald zone, the Scam Bands, and the Dodger zone—
were found. Of these, the Emerald zone has so far proved to be the most important.
Early in the year The Iron Mountain, Limited, continued development in the old lead-
zinc property and did 48 feet of drifting and 12 feet of crosscutting by hand-steel.
As soon as weather permitted, work was commenced on the tungsten showings. The
old camp was reconditioned, a dry built, and development of the scheelite showings
actively prosecuted. This included 200 feet of bulldozer stripping, 705 feet of trenching, and 1,668 feet of diamond-drilling. A crew of from four to twenty men was
employed in this work under the direction of H. Lakes, of Nelson. Under the Wartime Metals Corporation, development was continued and other work started with the
object of putting the property on a producing basis at the earliest possible date. This
included the repairing and relocation of parts of the old mine road, the construction
of a modern cook-house, two bunk-houses and dry to accommodate 100 men, the installation of a small Diesel-driven compressor plant of about 500 cubic feet per minute
capacity for preliminary work underground, and the preliminary work necessary for
the construction of a mill of 300 tons per day capacity, a tram-line from the mine to
the mill-site, and an electric transmission-line. This work, with the exception of the
mill which is being constructed by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited, is under the direction of E. E. Mason. Development-work to the
end of the year included 270 feet of drifting, 365 feet of crosscutting, 600 feet of
trenching, and 6,763 feet of diamond-drilling on the main Emerald zone; 516 feet
of trenching and 4,054 feet of diamond-drilling on the lower Scam Band, and 220 feet
of trenching and 1,365 feet of diamond-drilling on the Dodger zone. The crew was
gradually increased from about fifty men at the commencement of. this work to about
150 at the end of the year.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
This property is on Nevada Mountain and lies about 2 miles east of
Jumbo. the Emerald.    It was operated under option by the Kelowna Explora
tion Company, Limited. Development-work, under the direction of
H. Lakes, of Nelson, included seventeen surface-cuts aggregating 305 feet in length,
indicating a total surface length of about 850 feet, and cleaning out an old tunnel and
shaft which indicated a depth of scheelite mineralization of at least 65 feet. Three
men were employed.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
This property is on Lost Creek, adjoining the Molly.    It is controlled
Gallo Group.     by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
A crew of five men was employed during August,  September,  and
October.    Surface-trenches at intervals along a granite-limestone contact indicated a
scheelite-bearing zone 500 feet in length. PROGRESS NOTES. A 81
This property is on Lost Creek, about 2 miles from the Nelson-Nelway
Clubine Tungsten. Highway.    It is under option to the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company of Canada, Limited.    Development-work this year included
150 feet of surface-trenching on scheelite showings, some stripping by bulldozer, and
1,200 feet of diamond-drilling.    Diamond-drilling is being continued.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
This property is on Sheep Creek, about 8 miles from Salmo.    It is
Little Keen.      under option to the Bralorne Mines, Limited.    A crew of from five to
twelve men has been employed since August under the direction of
R. Sinke. About 3,000 feet of new road Was built to connect the scheelite and molybdenite showings with the main Sheep Creek road, and, in addition, 300 feet of surface-
trenching, 16 feet of drifting, 20 feet of raising, 35 feet of winze, and 700 feet of
diamond-drilling was done. All underground and surface work was done by hand.
The work has been discontinued for the winter.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
NELWAY AREA.
This property is on 16-Mile Creek, about 8 miles from Nelway. Dur-
Bunker Hill. ing the summer it was held under lease and option from the Waneta
Gold Mines, Limited, by H. Lefeuve and associates, of Rossland, who
shipped a car of gold ore to Trail from the old workings. Later in the season some
surface prospecting revealed the presence of scheelite near a granite contact and the
option was taken over by the Jason Mines, Limited, 67 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario.
Surface work is being continued during the winter under the direction of C. Rutherford.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
ROSSLAND AREA.
This property is on the Trail-Rossland Highway, about 1% miles from
Major Rossland.    It was optioned by the Jason Mines, Limited, late in the-
(Commander).    fall.    A small portable gasoline-driven compressor was installed and
the shaft was dewatered to the 100-foot level for sampling and examination.    As a result of this the option was dropped.    Seven men were employed under
the direction of C. Rutherford.    Scheelite was detected on the shaft-dump.
This scheelite property is on Red Mountain, about 2 miles from Ross-
St. Elmo. land. It and the adjoining Cliff were operated for a short time this
summer by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited. Six men were employed under the direction of W. Selby. Development-work
included 221 feet of diamond-drilling on the Cliff and 47 feet of trenching on the
St. Elmo. A small gasoline-driven compressor was used for sampling and examination
of the St. Elmo tunnel.
[Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
This property on Stony Creek, about 3 miles from Rossland, has been
Blue Eyes.       optioned by the Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Limited.    A road is to
be built to the showings from the main Stony Creek road and a portable
compressor is to be used to drive an adit.    Work was continued throughout the winter
on veins containing scheelite, with J. A. Hanna, of Rossland, in charge.
. [Reference:  Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
6 A 82
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
ARROW LAKES.
This property, about 5 miles from Deer Park, is owned by J. Gallo
Ground Hog Group, and was operated under bond by the Bralorne Mines, Limited, for a
short time during the summer. Three men did about 300 feet of
surface-stripping by tractor and bulldozer. The option was dropped after examination
and sampling for scheelite.
[Reference:   Bulletin No. 10, 1943.]
PLACER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
ATLIN AREA.
Spruce Creek.
This is the most important creek in the district. All of the operations on the
creek, with the exception of the shovel operation of Spruce Creek Placers, are underground, most of them worked by laymen.
Mine office, Atlin, B.C.;  A. R. Kaufman, President;  E. G. Tyrer, Vice-
Columbia        President; J. H. Eastman, Managing Director.    Capital: 50,000 shares,
Development,    $1 par;   issued, 50,000.    The company has a lay from John W. Noland
Ltd. on the Dream, Shamrock, and New Year leases, consisting of 2,000
lineal feet along the creek extending up-stream from the face of
Noland's workings on the Dream lease. The workings are at present on the Shamrock
lease.
The method of working in use at present is to drive two drifts, up-stream on
bed-rock in solid ground on each side of the pay-channel. The " J " drift on the north
side is on rim-rock but the " B " drift on the south side is not. These drifts are about
200 feet apart. Crosscuts, 50 feet apart, are driven across the pay-channel connecting
the two main drifts. A 40-foot pillar is left between the pay-channel and each drift,
leaving a block of mineable ground about 120 by 50 feet. This block is later split in
two by driving from one crosscut to the next one ahead, making two pillars approximately 55 by 50 feet. The pillars are then taken out by side-swiping from the centre
crosscut to the pillar left along the drift on each side. The exits " J " and " B " are
always in solid ground. This method has proved very satisfactory in this type of
ground. Development in the drifts has been suspended for the present as there is
about nine months of pillar-work ahead. The ground at the face runs approximately
2 oz. of gold per yard. Only one shift is employed owing to the scarcity of men.
A total of thirty-five men is employed.
J. W. Noland, owner and operator. Only pillar-extraction is being
Dream Lease, carried on in this section of the lease, which is now about exhausted.
All pumping for the area, including the Columbia Development operations, is done through the Dream shaft.. A drainage-tunnel is being driven, in the
solid, up-stream from the Dream shaft and is now almost completed to its connection
with the Columbia Development workings. It will provide bed-rock drainage through
the area. Only one shift was working during the latter part of the year, owing to
labour shortage, with six men employed.
Spruce Creek Mining Co., Ltd.—Mine office, Atlin, B.C.; J. C. Wheeling, Superintendent:—
Sunlight Lease.—No. 1 shaft: Vik and partners, laymen. Four men, all partners in
the lay, were engaged in working ground left when the company abandoned operations
in this shaft. Goodwill Lease.—No. 2 shaft: D. Mattson and partners, laymen. This is connected
to No. 1 shaft and the pumping for both shafts is done here. They are also working
ground left by the company.    Four men, all partners in the lay, are employed.
Chance Lease.—No. 4 shaft:   F. Kane, foreman.    This shaft was operated by the
company during the first half of the year but operations were suspended in August.
Dorothy Lease.—No. 5 shaft:   Nothing was done here during the year.
Clydesdale Lease.—Munro and partners, laymen.    There has been considerable difficulty with water because whenever the creek rises water gets into the mine through
caved ground.    The operators usually have to wait until the creek returns to normal
before they can control the water.    Four men, all partners in the lay, were employed.
Croker Lease.—Ohman and partners, laymen.    These men have been driving a new
drift into the area which they lost last year when the section was flooded by a break
in Spruce Creek Placers flume.    They have now reached these workings.    Four men
were employed.
Company office, 640 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Spruce Creek     Atlin, B.C.;   E. N. Patty, General Manager;   W. O'Neil, Superinten-
Plaeers, Ltd.      dent.    This is the only surface operation on the creek.    The shovel is
a Bucyrus Diesel, 207 horse-power, with a dipper capacity of 2% cubic
yards and a digging radius of 70 feet.    A mobile, self-propelling washing plant, consisting of grizzly, perforated screen,  and sluice-boxes, and a Northwest  160-horse-
power drag-line with a bucket capacity of IV2 yards and a 70-foot boom, which disposes
of the tailings, complete the plant.    Operations were carried on in three shifts during
the season and approximately 200,000 cubic yards of gravel was handled.    Twenty-four
men were employed.
Poker Lease.—Ivanic and partners, laymen. Five men were employed, extracting
pillars from old workings.
Worked by Nelson and partners.    Three men were employed, all part-
Calder Lease,     ners in the lay.    Their shaft was only a few feet from the line of the
Spruce Creek Placers, Limited, shovel workings on the creek claims.
When the shovel reached it the company bought them out.    The shovel operations
destroyed the shaft.
A number of other small operations are along the lower section of the creek, all
worked by laymen or owners, with not more than two men employed in any of them.
Boulder Creek.
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.—The company did not operate On
their own account this year, but the ground was worked on a lay by N. Fisher and
partners. Four men were partners in the lay and an additional five men were employed.
It is a hydraulic operation and approximately 40,000 yards was moved.
Pine Creek.
Company office, 616 Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   C.
Northern        Beal, Manager;  M. White, Superintendent.    This is a drag-line opera-
Resources, Ltd.   tion which worked three shifts during the season and employed twenty-
one men.    The plant is operated by power obtained from a hydroelectric unit using water from Surprise Lake.    A total of 200,000 cubic yards of gravel
was moved.
Surprise Lake Mining Co.—Matson and partners, laymen. This is a hydraulic operation employing five men, all partners in the lay. This season will probably see the
completion of work on this property as they are now up to their boundary. Approximately 32,000 cubic yards was moved. A 84 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Cawder Lease.—Arnevik and partners, laymen. This is an underground operation
which has been idle for some years. The property was reopened in July and they are
drifting up-stream.
Otter Creek.
W. Sweet and partners, laymen. This is a hydraulic operation employing four
men, all partners in the lay. Approximately 13,000 cubic yards was moved. The
underground workings farther up-stream have been abandoned.
Wright Creek.
Hodges and partners, laymen.    Four men, all partners in the lay, were
Arctic Lease,     employed.    It is a hydraulic operation.    Owing to the scarcity of water
they were able to get only four to five runs of one-half hour duration
daily.    Approximately 4,000 cubic yards was moved.
McKee Creek.
Gold Run Fraction.—Gibbs and partners, laymen. This is an underground operation
on the bench.    Three men, all partners in the lay, were employed.
Lucky Strike Lease.—Watts and partners, laymen. This is a hydraulic operation
employing five men, all partners in the lay.    They moved approximately 25,000 yards.
DEASE LAKE AREA.
There was very little activity in the area and it was not visited.
MANSON CREEK AREA.
Germansen Creek.
Germansen Ventures, Ltd.—Company office, Besner Block, Prince Rupert, B.C.; F.
deGanahl, President; W. H. Eassie, Manager. Capital: 100,000 shares, $1 par. Work
was commenced on this hydraulic operation in the spring as usual, but operations were
suspended on July 8th and all equipment was removed.
Germansen Mines, Ltd.—Company office, 789 Pender Street West, Vancouver, B.C.;
R. C. McCorkell, President; M. A. Manson, Secretary. Capital: 750,000 shares, 50
cents par.    No work was done at this property during the year.
Manson Creek.
Lost Creek Placer Gold, Limited, did not operate during the year.
Slate Creek.
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.—F. Marleau, Superintendent.
Some additional prospecting and testing of the ground was done. No attempt was
made to operate.
TAKLA LAKE AREA.
Nothing was done at any of the placer properties in the district during the year.
CARIBOO AREA.
Barkerville-Wells.
Company   office,   Rust  Building,   Tacoma,   Washington;    mine   office,
Lowhee Mining   Barkerville, B.C.;  C. W..Lea, President and General Manager;  P. Bar-
Co., Ltd.        ker, Secretary-Treasurer;   H. Lea, Superintendent.    Capital:   750,000
shares, $1 par;   issued, 635,156.    This company reports that about
200,000 yards were hydraulicked this year with an average crew of ten men.    The
recovery in gold ounces was somewhat lower than that of last year.    Considerable
J PROGRESS NOTES. A 85
difficulty with the tailings overflowing into the Jack of Clubs Lake outlet made it
necessary to close the operation for a time during the season. Otherwise there was
little lost time as ample storage facilities served to prevent a water shortage which
was experienced by many of the operators who did not have any storage capacity.
Because of war conditions, H. Lea, manager, reports that this operation may remain
closed next year.
Red Gulch Placers.—J. J. Gunn, layman, continued to operate this placer and reported
a very satisfactory season.
M. A. and R. L. Bater, of Prince George, also did some prospecting and a little
drifting on their lease at Red Gulch.
Little Valley Creek.
Lease of A. Fleury.—A. Fleury treated about 2,500 yards of gravel by shovelling it
into sluice-boxes.
Lease of G. Halvorsen.—About 3,500 yards of gravel was hydraulicked.
Two-bit Creek.
Lease of T. Dunlop.—T. Dunlop and partner completed the installation of a 500-foot
pipe-line.
McArthur's Gulch.
Lease of K. Johannson.—Operations here continued as usual.
Shepherd Creek.
Lease of R. D. Reese.—About the same amount of work was done as last year.
Eight-mile Lake.
Lease of M. A. Anderson.—About 1,300 yards were washed by hydraulicking.
Lease of J. C. Dyer.—Reporting a hydraulic operation, J. C. Dyer states he washed
about 500 yards of gravel.
Stouts Gulch.
Lease of C. Brown and R. Sehl.—By using a monitor these partners washed 8,000 yards.
Emory Gulch.
Claims of McGowan and Midan.—A small amount of work was done during the earlier
part of the season.
SOUTH-EAST OF BARKERVILLE."
Williams Creek Watershed.
Lease of W. H. Savery, Mink Gulch.—Two men hydraulicked 4,000 yards on this lease.
Antler Creek.
Barkerville Gold Mines, Ltd.—After failure of a drilling campaign to disclose a satisfactory channel, C. A. McPherson withdrew his financial backing from this operation
on Grouse Creek.    W. Moore continued hydraulicking operations on a reduced" scale.
French Creek Placers.—W. E. North, layman, did a small amount of hydraulicking on
this property at intervals during the season.
Canadian Creek.
Lease of Holland and Ross.—About 2,500 yards of gravel were washed by the lessees.
Lease of T. Petersen.—T. Petersen and partner were engaged in sluicing operations.
Lease of J. Doody.—Three hundred yards were hydraulicked. A 86 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Nugget Gulch.
Lease of N. M. Hansen and C. Fuller.—Seeking a reported lost channel, Hansen had
a man or two with him hydraulicking with a No. 4 monitor.
Lease of W. F. Poquette.—The lease reports hydraulicking 1,200 yards on lease No.
3283.
Cunningham Creek.
Trehouse Placers, Ltd.—W. Beamish, layman, with one to two other men part of the
time, washed about 4,500 yards with a No. 4 monitor.
Wells-Stanley.
This company carried on hydraulicking operations at its property on
Ketch, Ltd.       Burns Lake Gulch until the spring run-off was over.   Then, because of
Government regulations regarding the employment of labour, the property was closed for the remainder of the season. About 45,000 yards of gravel was
treated.    Eight men were employed during the period of operation.
W. Hong, owner and operator of the Sangdang Placers, started the
Sangdang Placers, season cleaning out a small gutter at the south end of the property.
The recovery from this was very disappointing; what was considered
to be a good trap for gold had been scoured out. During the latter part of the season
operations were confined to the north end of the property. In the early part of the
season eight men were employed but at the end of the season this number was reduced
to four, all on a percentage basis. W. Hong stated that, with the possible exception
of 1938, this was the worst year for water during all the time that he has operated.
He never had enough water for more than one monitor. He reported treating about
27,600 yards.
The operation adjoins Sangdang Placers on the north and consists of
Tai Lee Placers.   5,000 feet of bench claims worked by five Chinese partners.    About
3,300 yards was hydraulicked with a No. 2 monitor. The head of
water and the banks were low, with the result that the men worked too close to the
banks at times.
Mabyso Placer Lease.—C. Ailport and partners report the removal of 2,000 yards by
hydraulicking and sluicing.
Coulter Creek Placers.—At this operation directly across Slough Creek from the Sangdang Placers, M. Bastin and J. Chouse, laymen, opened up a new pit down-stream from
the old pit.    They hydraulicked about 3,000 yards.
Lightning Creek Watershed.
Ennerdale Placers.—J. Hind and F. W. Freeman continued to operate and are steadily
advancing the face.    They hydraulicked about 4,000 yards.
At the start of the season, four men and a cook were employed while
B. & K. Placers, development-work was in progress. Several large bank blasts were
made to remove the dangerous upper strata of slum from above the
pit and about 200,000 yards were piped. With the Dominion order prohibiting gold
operations to hire men, this operation was closed down. R. McDougall then took his
foreman and one other man into partnership on a small-scale piping operation at
Dunbar Flats, about 1 mile up-stream from the B. & K. pit.
Lease of G. Murphy.—At this property on Houseman Creek one man was employed
with a monitor doing some development-work.
Leases of J. F. Williams.—Williams has three small projects in and around Stanley
on which he does a little ground-sluicing at intervals. He reports sluicing about 2,000
yards last season, without making a clean-up. PROGRESS NOTES. A 87
Lease of C. Gadda.—Gadda reports sluicing about 500 yards but he did not make
a clean-up.    The lease is on Campbell Creek near Van Winkle.
Butchers' Bench.—I. I. Felker is the owner of ground on this famous bench. He
washed about 5,000 yards of Tertiary gravels. He used a No. 2 monitor and had no'
banks with which to contend.
Donovan Creek Placers.—This property reverted to M. Sundberg, who, it is reported,
had four men working on it for a short time during the early part of the season. It
was inactive when visited for inspection.
M. Caldwell, co-owner and superintendent of this operation, died dur-
Slade Placers,     ing the early part of the season and Mrs. Caldwell carried on in his
Ltd. place.    Six men were employed on the average and about 5,000 yards
was hydraulicked.    The banks are low.    A part of the crew had to
be maintained when the water was low in midseason with practically nothing to do
until the fall run-off started.
Leases of J. Strand.—These leases are on Lovett Creek, between Wingdam and Stanley.    Work this season was confined to prospecting with a monitor.
Leases of E. M. Falek.—Falck reports handling about 2,300 yards in drifting,
hydraulicking, and ground-sluicing on his leases on Anderson, Lake, and Khee Khan
Creeks.
Willow River Watershed.
C. Brown and B. Fink, laymen, opened up a new pit on this property.
No Name Placers. They were using a stone-boat on a skyline to remove the big boulders;
large smoke-stacks from the Wingdam heating plant, split in two
longitudinally, were placed at the end of the flume. These could be quickly swung
around on the dump from the end of the sluice-boxes, and greatly facilitated the
removal of the tailings on the flat dumping-ground. A No. 2 monitor was used under
a head of 125 feeet.
This placer operation is about 5 miles along the Beaver Pass road from
Slade Creek      the Wells Highway.    A group of Chinese partners, apparently laymen,
Placers. are operating it.    They have opened up a small pit with a No. 1 moni
tor, and since last year have built 1,000 feet of ditch which takes four
hours to fill and one to empty. The head from penstock to monitor is about 100 feet.
Large boulders and poor dump give considerable trouble and the partners state that
their recovery is poor.
Lease of C. Riseberg.—A small pit is being opened up on this lease by ground-sluicing.
This season about 2,800 yards was washed. This pit is on Kong Foo Creek, which
parallels Slade Creek about 1,000 feet away.
Lease of Dr. Hougen.—P. Malcolm, layman, was operating on this ground and had
opened up a small pit with a No. 1 monitor operating under a head of about 75 feet.
He had previously made 2,000 feet of ditch-line to bring the water to the soil, which
is not over 5 feet deep.
Company office, Wells, B.C.;   H. B. King, Secretary;   K. K. Langford,
Langford Mines,  Manager.    Capital:   100,000 shares, $1 par.    In the early part of the
Ltd. season Langford operated with a caterpillar and angledozer feeding
the sluice-boxes, and a steam-slusher stacking tailings. This operation was on the Oro Fino bench a little west of the previous workings and of an artificial lake which he had built with the old tailings. From this lake he was taking 5,000
gallons per minute to his sluice-boxes. The crew at this time consisted of one caterpillar operator, one sluice-box tender, one third-class steam engineer, one fireman, and
two men gathering fuel for the steam-donkey. It was claimed that 100 yards was
washed per operating hour or 900 yards per nine-hour shift. Much time was lost by
breakdowns, however. REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Later, when labour was frozen, Langford closed down this operation and disposed
of part of the equipment. He then made a partnership agreement with another man
and washed shallow gravels, south of his camp, with a No. 1 monitor. Water was
•pumped to the monitor by a large gasoline-driven two-stage centrifugal pump.
This property, operated by T. Fry and F. A. Oldfield, is on Larsen
Ruchon Creek    Gulch, beyond the Langford operation, and about 11 miles by road
Placers. from the Wells Highway.    Fry had the road completed from Lang-
ford's camp during the season without Government help. Piping
operations started on April 2nd. The lower pit had to be cleaned out first as pressure
from the sides had raised it considerably during the winter. The face of the upper
pit was then advanced about 200 feet with piping to bed-rock. The lowest portion of
the channel, however, lying on the left side of the pit, is still covered. A No. 2 monitor
was operated under a head of from 100 to 125 feet but a No. 4 has been purchased
for future use when the water-supply is sufficient to feed it. This year the water
started to get low about the end of July, and in August and September a total of only
200 hours' piping was obtained. Prior to the water shortage six men were employed
on two shifts, but during the latter part of the season Fry only had one man and a cook
besides himself.
Cottonwood River Watershed.
Leases of G. R. Baker.—Some of the ground on these leases was prospected, it is
reported, by shallow pits and ground-sluicing. These leases are a few miles below
Cottonwood House.
Leases of J. L. Coreau and W. Slade.—These leases are on Norton and Mary Creeks,
several miles north-east of Cottonwood House. One man was engaged in development-
work with a monitor.
Quesnel-Prince George.
Cotwood Tertiary Mines, Ltd.—This company's property lies on the west bank of the
Fraser River across from the old Tertiary mine. The ground was bulk-tested and
large-scale underground operations were planned. The work was stopped in the spring
owing, it was said, to the impossibility of getting equipment.
Vicinity op Keithley Creek.
Company office, 555 Burrard Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   B. Boe, Man-
Burrard Placers,   ager.    Capital:  2,000 shares, $1 par;   issued, 2,000.    Four men, stag-
Ltd. gered over a twelve-hour day, were employed for a short time during
the early part of the season at the Pine Creek pit.    Boe closed the
operation after it had worked for only a short time.
Company office, 304 Pacific Building, Vancouver, B.C.;   mine office,
Placer Engineers, Keithley Creek;  G. Harrison, President;   G. V. F. Hudson, Secretary-
Ltd. Treasurer;   E. Lang,  Superintendent.    Capital:   750,000 shares, no
par value; issued, 541,452. The operation of this company on Keithley Creek was started with seven men on the pay-roll, but the crew became progressively
smaller and, finally, when the water-shortage became acute, work was discontinued for
the season. Encouraging recoveries were made from gravels high up on the rim of
the Onward pit.
Operations commenced on this lease on May 9th and continued through
Lease of        to September 30th.    The property is about 12 miles from Keithley up
J. Hasbrouck.    Keithley Creek.    Water was fair until the middle of June when it
became necessary to discontinue piping with a 2-inch nozzle under
40-lb. pressure and to resort to ground-sluicing with a boom-gate.    About 7,000 yards
of gravel was treated. PROGRESS NOTES. A 89
This is a hydraulic operation on benches along Quesnel River just
Operation of below Spanish Creek. This year four men were working on a per-
Ashby and Speers. centage basis and made a satisfactory clean-up in spite of the fact that
much dead work was done at the beginning of the season making a
deep cut through a hard-pan rim for the sluice-boxes. Shallow gravels lying on a false
bed-rock of glacial clay were being washed with a medium sized monitor under an
extremely low head.    A much higher head could be obtained very easily.
This company is working the old Cedar Creek diggings which in the
Cariboo North-   Past were verv ricn  in places.    Livingstone,  superintendent  of the
lands Mining     operation, obtained a %-yard gas-shovel, trucks and grizzlies, trom-
Co., Ltd.        mel, etc., for washing the gold-bearing gravels.    Neither the shovel
nor the trommel proved successful and other difficulties arose.   A. von
Alvensleben then took charge and discarded the trommel washing plant in favour of
sluice-boxes designed to break up clayey gravels.    He also flumed water from Cedar
Creek to the boxes.
Company office, 917 Vancouver Block, Vancouver, B.C.;   R. F. Sharpe,
Bullion Placers,   President and General Manager;   H. Ray, Secretary-Treasurer.    For
Ltd. the first time in many years this company did not-operate.   The pres
ent operation has come to the end of its life. The equipment has been
removed and it is understood that most of it has been disposed of. The near-by
Priority mine was also inactive.
LILLOOET AREA.
No placer operations of any importance were working during the year in this
area.    Development-work was done on the following leases:—
Fraser River.
Lease of R. Moreby and E. Hutton.—About 2,100 yards were treated.
Bridge River.
Lease of C. Wihksne.—The work consisted of open-cutting.
Lease of W. Gerrullo.—Only open-cut work was done on the lease.
Lease of C. Friberg.—Only gravel cut work was done.
Lease of W. Haylmore.—The work consisted of open-cutting.
Lease of A. N. Wolverton.—Work was done on a wing-dam.
Lease of W. Baker.—Some piping was done with a small monitor.
McGillivray Creek.
Lease of L. Weeden.—Piping and sluicing was carried on for four months.
PRINCETON AREA.
Coalmont Placer.—Work at this operation near Coalmont, on the Tulameen River,
was suspended early in the year and the drag-line machinery removed to Princeton.
This small placer operation on the Tulameen River, formerly owned
Ashley Placer,    by R. L. and A. E. Ashley, was taken over by Kabatoff, Millar, and
Rallin and operated for a short time in the summer.   The pit is about
2  miles  west  of Princeton.    Drag-line  machinery  from  the   Coalmont. Placer  was
installed but it was operated only briefly.    Three men were employed.
Operated by C. Haigh, Princeton.    This property adjoins the Ashley
Haigh Placer,    placer pit on the north side and the Great Northern Railway right-of-
way on the south side.    The gravel was taken from the pit to the
Tulameen River, a distance of about 300 feet, by means of a 1-ton mine-car on a 3-foot
gauge track.    Two hundred cubic yards of gravel was handled.    The pit worked only
forty days. A 90 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
NELSON AREA.^
49 Creek.
This property, on 49 Creek, is owned and operated by H. A. McKem
Acorn Group,     and associates, of Blewett.   A shaft has been sunk in the creek-bed to
a depth of 116 feet to prove the presence of a buried Tertiary channel.
The owners state that this shaft, from the results of soundings, is only a few feet
from bed-rock. Gravel from the bottom of the shaft shows encouraging amounts of
gold and some scheelite. The property is equipped with a gasoline-driven hoist,
Cornish pump, an overhead carrier so that gravel from the shaft can be dumped on
to a grizzly over the sluice-boxes, and a small sawmill.    Three men were employed.
CLAY AND SHALE.
NEW WESTMINSTER AREA.
Company office, 850 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, B.C.;   W.  C.
Clayburn Co.,     Cummings, Secretary-Treasurer;  J. W. Ball, Manager.    Capital:  4,000
Ltd. shares, $100 par.   The mines and plant of this company are about 50
miles east of Vancouver, at Kilgard. The method of operating the
clay-deposits is similar to the operating methods in coal mines. An average of thirteen men is employed underground. The production for the year amounted to: Fireclay from Kilgard mine, 19,182 tons; No. 4b mine, 1,848 tons; No. 9 mine, 1,760 tons;
and shale from quarry, 450 tons;   total, 23,037.
GABRIOLA ISLAND AREA.
Company office, Columbia Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   F. A. Higgs, Man-
Gabriola Shale,    ager.    Operations at this quarry were resumed for the 1942 season on
May 16th and continued until November 30th, the total output amounting to 1,900,000 bricks, which were shipped to Vancouver for distribution to the
various markets.    An average crew of twenty-nine men was employed.
GYPSUM.
FALKLAND AREA.
Head  office,  Paris,  Ontario;    British  Columbia  office,   509  Richards
Gypsum, Lime &  Street, Vancouver, B.C.;  P. P. Tyler, Managing Director;   S. H. J.
Alabastine,      Reid, Secretary;   A. Jessiman, Quarry Superintendent.   This company
Canada, Ltd.     again confined its operations to the No. 2 and No. 5 quarries at Falkland, 40. miles south of Kamloops, near the Kamloops-Vernon Highway.
Shipping facilities are provided by the Canadian National Railways, over which the
gypsum is shipped to the calcining and board mill at Port Mann.
The quarries are 500 to 600 feet higher than the railway-bunkers, to which the
gypsum is transported by trucks. PROGRESS NOTES. A 91
The gypsum is mined in quarries. The overburden is thin and as the quarry has
advanced into the side of the mountain the walls rise to a considerable height above
the floors. This makes it necessary to keep the walls at a safe angle of inclination
for the protection of workmen. The drilling is done by compressed-air-operated jack-
hammers.    A crew of from ten to fourteen men was employed.
LIMESTONE.
KOEYE RIVER AREA.
Koeye River Limestone Co.—P. Christensen, manager. The quarries are on Koeye
River, about 7 miles south of Namu. The entire output of limestone is taken by Pacific
Mills at Ocean Falls. The quarry worked every day, single shift, employed ten men
and produced 20,103 tons during the year.
GRAND FORKS AREA.
This company owns and operates the Fife Limestone Quarry at Fife,
C      Id t d     near Christina Lake.    In addition to the regular crew of fifteen men,
Mining and      six men were employed during the summer on surface trenching and
Smelting Co. of   stripping;   3,200 feet of this work was done under the direction of
Canada, Ltd.     a. S. Hudson of Trail.    As a result of this work, a new pit is to be
opened up.    This will necessitate driving another crosscut and raises
in order to mine by the usual glory-hole methods.    About three-quarters of a mile of
new road has been built to connect the new site with the present road and work is to
be started immediately.    A total of 31,666 tons of lime rock was mined and shipped to
Trail last year, to be used as a flux in the smelter.
TEXADA ISLAND.
C. Williams, Manager.    Two quarries are operated by this company
Pacific Lime Co.   at Blubber Bay.    The plant produces quicklime, hydrated lime, and
other limestone products.    About twenty-two men are employed in the
quarries.    More men could be employed if labour were available.
This company operates a limestone quarry on the opposite shore of
B.C. Cement Co.  Blubber Bay from the Pacific Lime Company.   The limestone is shipped
to the Bamberton plant.    A new crusher is being installed and further
additions to the power plant are being made.    R. Hamilton is in charge of operations.
Fourteen men are employed.
Van Anda Quarries.—Operated by Beale Quarries, Limited, at Vananda. W. D. Webster, Superintendent. Several limestone faces have been opened up along the waterfront and steady shipments of lime are made to United States and British Columbia
industries.    About twenty-three men are employed.
VANCOUVER ISLAND.
B.C. Cement Co.—Office, corner of Fort and Wharf Streets, Victoria. This company
operates quarries at Bamberton and Texada Island and a cement plant at Bamberton.
At Bamberton the total crew for the whole operation averages around 134. A 92 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
SILICA.
GRAND FORKS AREA.
This property, 3 miles south of Grand Forks, has been acquired by the
Bailey Silica.     Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, as a
source of silica for use as a flux in the smelting operations at Trail.
The rock forms a large talus slope which is to be scraped into a bin from which the
railway-cars can be loaded.
STONE, SAND, AND GRAVEL.
PRINCE RUPERT AREA.
The B.C. Bridge and Dredging Company is operating a rock quarry on the line of
the Canadian National Railways at Prince Rupert. This is to provide rock for fill
under the new wharf being constructed in Prince Rupert harbour. Two shifts were
working and thirty-five men employed. Approximately 28,000 cubic yards have been
moved.
Watson Island.—The B.C. Bridge and Dredging Company is also doing some excavation on Watson Island, a small island just off Port Edward. The rock taken out is used
in road-surfacing at Port Edward.
VANCOUVER AREA.
Burrard Inlet.
Coast Quarries, Ltd.—T. Burrows, Superintendent. This quarry is at Granite Falls,
near the head of Burrard Inlet. The stone is used for general construction-work.
Very little work has been done at this plant during the year.
North Vancouver.
Deeks Sand and Gravel, Ltd.—Company office, 101 First Avenue, Vancouver, B.C.;
H. S. Armstrong, Secretary; T. 0. Burgess, Superintendent. Six to eight men are
employed.
Cascade Sand and Gravel Co.—Company office, 470 Granville Street, Vancouver. W. A.
McCullum, Manager. This company operates the Highland Sand and Gravel pits from
which all their sand and gravel is now taken. ' About fifteen men are employed.
NEW WESTMINSTER AREA.
Gilley Bros. Quarry.—This company operates a granite quarry at Silver Valley, Pitt
River. Between twenty and thirty men are steadily employed. The stone is used for
general construction-work.
Maryhill Sand and Gravel Quarry.—Operated by Gilley Bros, on the Fraser River bank.
This plant has been very active during the year and the number of men increased to
thirty-three.
Nelson Island.
Vancouver Granite Co.—A dimension stone granite quarry is operated on Nelson
Island.    The quarry works only when there is a demand for stone. COAL MINES.
BY
James Dickson.
The Province is divided into six Inspection Districts, as follows:—
Inspection District. Mining Divisions in Districts.
Coast : Alberni, Nanaimo, Victoria, Vancouver, and New Westminster.
Northern Interior Lillooet, Ashcroft,  Clinton,  Quesnel,
Cariboo, and Peace River.
Interior Similkameen, Osoyoos, Nicola, Vernon,
and Kamloops.
East Kootenay and Boundary.—. Greenwood,    Trail    Creek,    Nelson,
Slocan, Ainsworth, Lardeau, Revel-
stoke, Fort Steele, and Windermere.
Northern Atlin, Stikine, Portland Canal, Skeena,
and Omineca.
The Inspectors inspect the coal mines, metalliferous mines, and quarries in their
respective districts.
Board of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials.
James Dickson Chairman, Victoria.
James Strang Secretary, Victoria.
H. E. Miard Member, Fernie.
Messrs. Strang and Miard and the Inspector of Mines of the district in which an
examination is being held form the Board for granting certificates of competency to
coal-miners.
An Inspector of Mines is empowered to grant provisional certificates to miners for
a period not exceeding sixty days between regular examinations.
Instructors, Mine-rescue Stations.
Richard Nichol Nanaimo Station.
James L. Brown Cumberland Station.
Alfred Gould Princeton Station.
Joseph J. Haile Fernie Station.
The District Inspectors of Mines have their headquarters in the different mining
areas as follows: John MacDonald, Nanaimo; James Strang, Victoria; Robert B.
Bonar, Cumberland; James A. Mitchell, Lillooet; E. R. Hughes, Princeton; Hamilton
C. Hughes, Nelson;  H. E. Miard, Fernie;  and Charles Graham, Prince Rupert.
PRODUCTION.
The total tonnage produced by the coal mines of the Province for the year ended
1942 was 1,938,158 tons, being an increase of 135,805 tons or 7.53 per cent, over production of 1941.
The Coast District, which includes Vancouver Island, Nicola-Princeton, and
Northern Districts, produced 890,445 tons, an increase of 114,150 tons or 14.70 per
cent, over 1941.
Vancouver Island collieries produced 738,000 tons, an increase of 70,642 tons or
10.9 per cent, over 1941.
The Northern District produced 11,020 tons, an increase of 4,612 tons over 1941. A 94
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
The Nicola-Princeton District produced 140,825 tons, an increase of 18,896 tons
or 15.5 per cent, over 1941.
The East Kootenay District produced 1,047,713 tons, an increase of 21,660 tons
or 2.1 per cent, over 1941.
The following table shows the output and per capita production daily and for the
year 1942 at the various mines:—
Colliery and Mine.
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Tons of Coal
mined per Underground Employee
daily.
Tons of Coal
mined per Underground Employee
for Year.
126,858
204,058
254,357
133,958
4,767
4,378
413
2,412
71
823
3,323
2,462
40
90
432
158
282
283
265
263
292
257
196
282
62
276
268
269
66
42
198
112
329
350
297
172
7
12
2
6
1
2
6
5
3
2
2
2
1.36
2.05
3.23
2.95
2.26
1.42
1.05
1.42
1.14
1.50
2.06
1.82
0.20
1.07
1.09
0.70
383
582
856
778
681
365
206
403
71
411
554
492
13
45
216
79
250-
268
260
153
6
10
2
5
1
2
5
4
3
2
2
1
2.01
2.66
3.69
3.32
2.71
1.70
1.05
1.71
1.14
1.50
2.47
2.28
0.20
1.07
1.09
1.41
507
754
978
875
Prospect mine, Extension    -
794
438
Loudon mine       ,
206
482
71
411
664
Lake Road mine     	
615
13
45
Pacific mine   -	
216
158
Middlesboro Colliery    -
Granby Consolidated M.S. & P. Co., Ltd.
Princeton Tulameen Coal Co   -
28,714
74,360
27,339
10,342
70
286
289
275
278
68
85
107
48
20
5
1.17
2.40
2.07
1.86
0.20
337
695
570
517
14
59
90
33
12
5
1.70
2.85
3.01
3.10
0.20
486
826
828
861
Inland mine - --	
14
6,929
1,732
85
1,978
90
206
289
186
20
282
36
13
8
2
3
3
4
1.84
1.16
2.10
2.33
1.41
533
216
42
659
30
51
8
6
2
2
2
4
2.99
1.54
2.10
3.50
1.41
866
288
42
989
45
51
179,633
868,080
274
299
177
687
3.70
4.22
1,014
1,263
134
562
4.89
5.16
1,342
1,544
Collieries of Vancouver Island Inspection District.
The output of the Vancouver Island Collieries was 738,600 tons. Of this amount,
119,051 tons or 16.1 per cent, was lost in preparation for the market; 5,118 tons or 0.7
per cent, was consumed by operating companies as fuel; and 633,196 tons, of which
18,765 tons had been taken from stock, was sold in the competitive market. Of the
amount sold in the competitive market, 568,782 tons or 89.8 per cent, was sold in
Canada and 64,414 tons or 10.2 per cent, was sold in the United States.
Collieries of the Nicola-Princeton District.
Of the gross output of 140,825 tons produced by the collieries of the Nicola-Princeton District, 3,940 tons or 2.8 per cent, was consumed by the producing companies as
fuel and 1,732 tons was taken from stock, making a total of 138,432 tons sold in the
competitive market in Canada. COAL MINES.
A 95
Collieries of the East Kootenay District.
The output of the collieries in the East Kootenay District was 1,047,713 tons. Of
this amount, 57,080 tons or 5.4 per cent, was lost in preparation for the market; 16,268
tons or 1.5 per cent, was consumed by producing companies as fuel; 128,441 tons or
12.2 per cent, was used in making coke; and 845,913 tons was sold in the competitive
market. Of this amount, 719,333 tons or approximately 85.0 per cent, was sold in
Canada and 126,580 tons or 15.0 per cent, was sold in the United States.
The following table shows the per capita production of the various districts for
the past five years. Similar figures for the years prior to 1938 are shown in previous
Annual Reports.
Output and Per Capita Production in Various Districts.
Year.
District.
Gross Tons of
Coal mined
during Year.
Total No. of
Employees
at Producing
Collieries.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Employee for
Year.
No. of Men
employed
Underground
in Producing
Collieries.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Underground
Employee
for Year.
434,068
875,360
1,309,428
561,958
915,914
1,477,872
776,518
891,309
1,667,827
1,026,053
776,300
802,353
1,047,713
890,445
1,638,158
693
2,269
2,962
•731
2,245
2,976
731
2,143
2,874
921
1,802
2,723
864
1,496
2,360
626
386
442
768
468
496
1,062
462
580
1,114
431
662
1,201
599
821
467
1,621
2,088
538
1,629
2,167
-550
1,625
2,175
753
1,476
2,229
696
1,196
1,892
972
1938   -
540
675
*
1,044
1939   -
562
682
1940   -
East Kootenay District	
1,412
548
766
■
1,632
1941   -
526
1942   -
Whole Province   _
East Kootenay District	
808
1,505
744
1,024
1
The following table shows the production and distribution of coal by the various
collieries and districts, compiled from returns furnished by the owners:— A 96
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
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204,058
254,357
133,958
4,767
4,378
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3,323
2,462
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O A 98 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1942.
LABOUR AND EMPLOYMENT.
During 1942, 2,360 persons were employed in and about the coal mines of the
Province, a decrease of 363 men from 1941. Taking the average of the principal mines
in the Vancouver Island District, about 10 per cent, of the working-days were lost, six
days were lost through labour disputes, the loss of Saturday afternoon shift accounting
for the rest. In the Nicola-Princeton District the different collieries worked about 93
per cent, of the working-days, about six days were lost through labour disputes. In
the East Kootenay District the average for the year was about 96 per cent.
The table on page 97 shows the number of persons ordinarily employed in and
around the mines, distinguishing the persons and different classes employed underground and above ground, compiled from returns furnished by the owners.
COMPETITION OF COAL PRODUCED OUTSIDE BRITISH COLUMBIA.
During 1942 the importation of coal consisted of 207 tons of anthracite, 1,565 tons
of bituminous coal, and 185 tons of lignite.
Alberta coal shipped to British Columbia consisted of 164,073 tons of domestic
coal, 177,515 tons of sub-bituminous coal, and 310,634 tons of bituminous coal, a total
of 652,222 tons. A considerable tonnage of the bituminous coal was used for ships'
bunkers. In addition to above, 22,339 tons of briquettes and 71,505 tons of coke from
Alberta was used in British Columbia. The following table shows the amount of
Alberta coal brought into British Columbia during past years:—
Year. Short Tons. Year. Short Tons.
1933  119,026 1938  238,435
1934  123,968 1939  239,227
1935  221,748 1940  311,232
1936  244,928 1941  304,928
1937  269,023 1942  652,222
Of the 1,628,160 tons of British Columbia coal marketed, 232,202 tons was sold for
domestic and industrial use in the Provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and
Ontario, and 312,420 tons was sold for railroad use in these Provinces; 13,055 tons was
sold for railroad use in the United States and 136,477 tons was sold for railroad use in
British Columbia; 176,026 tons was exported to the United States and 101,653 tons
was sold for ships' bunkers. The tonnage of British Columbia coal used in the
Province was 656,327 tons.
ACCIDENTS IN AND AROUND COAL MINES.
During 1942, 2,360 persons were employed in and around coal mines. Ten fatal
accidents occurred during the year as compared with four during 1941.
The ratio of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons employed was 4.23 as compared with
1.47 for 1941. In 1940 the ratio was 2.08; in 1939, 0.67; in 1938, 3.37; in 1937, 3.17;
in 1936, 2.84; in 1935, 1.67; in 1934, 2.07; and in 1933, 0.97. The average for the
ten-year period was 2.22.
The number of fatal accidents per 1,000,000 tons produced during 1942 was 5.15;
during 1941 the figure was 2.21; in 1940, 3.65; in 1939, 1.35; in 1938, 7.63; in 1937,
6.92; in 1936, 5.94; in 1935, 4.21; in 1934, 4.45; and in 1933, 2.37. The average for
the ten-year period was 4.30 per 1,000,000 tons of coal mined.
■ COAL MINES.
A 99
The following table shows the collieries at which the fatal accidents occurred
during 1942 and comparative figures for 1941:—
Name of Company.
Name of Colliery.
1942.
1941.
3
1
1
3
2
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd 	
Canadian Collieries (D.),Ltd —
No. 10 mine, South Wellington. 	
Wellington No. 8 mine —-	
1
2
Michel   __.  	
1
Totals
10
4
The following table shows the various causes of fatal accidents in 1942 and their
percentage of the whole and comparative figures for 1941:—
Cause.
1942.
1941.
No.
Per Cent.
No.
Per Cent.
2
4
2
1
1
20.00
40.00
20.00
10.00
10.00
1
2
1
25.00
50.00
25.00
Totals  	
10
100.00
4
100.00
The following table shows the number of tons of coal mined for each fatal accident
in their respective classes in the years 1942 and 1941:—
Cause.
No. of
Fatal
Accidents.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Fatal Accident.
No. of
Fata]
Accidents.
Tons of Coal
mined per
Fatal Accident.
2
4     •
2
1
1
969,079
434,539
969,079
1,938,158
1,938,158
1
2
1
1,802,353
901,176
1,802,353
Totals                        .	
10
193,816
4
450,588
The number of tons of coal mined per fatal accident during 1942 was 193,816 tons,
compared with 450,588 tons Jn 1941. The average, for the ten-year period was 231,040
tons.
The following table shows the fatalities from various causes in coal mines during
the year 1942 compared with 1941, according to Inspection Districts:—
NUMBER
of Deaths
from Accidents.
Totals.
District.
Falls of
Roof and
Coal.
Mine-cars
and
Haulage.
Bumps.
Miscellaneous
(Underground).
Miscellaneous
(Surface).
1942.
1941.
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
5
5
1
3
Province (1942)
Province (1941)
2
4
2
1
1
10
4 A 100
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Ratio of Accidents.
Accident Death-rate.
District.
Per 1,000 Persons
employed.
Per 1,000,000 Tons of
Coal mined.
1942.
1941.
1942.
1941.
4.17
5.78
0.65
3.25
1.54
Nicola-Princeton  —   —	
2.92
Province (1942) _   _	
4.23
1.47
Province (1941)    	
2.21
The details regarding the occurrences of fatal accidents in coal mines during 1942
are as follows:—
The fatal accident which occurred to Andrew Frew, rock-picker, No. 5 mine, Comox
Colliery, on January 16th was due to deceased falling through a hole on the preparation
floor on the tipple while engaged in oiling the tipple machinery. The hole, 22 by 30
inches, was used for dropping waste rock into railroad-cars below and had been left
unfenced at the time of the accident.    Deceased died on the following day.
The fatal accident which occurred to Alfred Calvin, rope-rider, Wellington mine,
Canadian Collieries (D.), Limited, on February 28th was due to a fall of roof in a
timber-road about 35 feet back from an advancing long-wall face. Deceased was
instantly killed.
The fatal accident which occurred to Joseph Urban, miner, No. 3 mine, Michel
Colliery, on March 30th was due to deceased falling on the mine-track near his working-
face and apparently injuring himself on a 1- by 12-inch centreboard nailed to the ties.
He resumed work at the face immediately afterwards but complained of being sick and
decided to go home, but refused any assistance. However, the iireboss in charge sent
a man out with Urban to help him to change in the bath-house and then accompany him
home, by which time Urban was so ill that a doctor, had to be called. Urban was taken
to the local hospital, where it was found that his intestines were ruptured. An operation was performed, but deceased died the same day about ten hours after being injured.
The double fatality which occurred to Aubrey Snow and Alex. Lozza, miners, No. 1
East mine, Coal Creek Colliery, on April 9th was due to a bump which displaced six sets
of timber at their working-face and caused about 20 tons of fine roof coal and shale to
fall on them. The adjacent miners immediately started recovery-work but it was over
two hours before the bodies were uncovered and both men were dead. The bump was
of a comparatively minor nature and did not damage any other part of the mine,
although it was felt over a considerable area.
The fatal accident which occurred to William Waugh, machine-helper, No. 5 mine,
Comox Colliery, on May 15th was due to being struck on the nose by a machine haulage
post which broke under strain. Deceased died on May 18th from an embolism in the
left lung caused by a blood clot from his nose-injuries.
The fatal accident which occurred to Adam Watson, rope-rider, No. 10 mine, South
Wellington, on June 10th was due to deceased being squeezed between a derailed car
and a post. When lowering a trip of empty cars from a main slope into a siding the
trip became derailed and he signalled the trip to be pulled up, and on the second attempt
to land the trip one of the cars again became derailed and caught deceased. He died
in hospital six hours later. It was found that the outer curve rail was broken at the
point of derailment. COAL MINES.
A 101
The fatal accident which occurred to John Martino, miner, Michel Colliery, on
June 17th was due to deceased being struck at his slope working-face by a runaway
car. Two cars had been hoisted to the level above and the haulage-rope detached, after
which the rope-rider pushed the cars back over the slope switch in the direction of a
parting inby from the switch. The switch-points were controlled by a lever and spring
and after the accident it was discovered that a bolt which attached one of the switch-
points to the switch assembly had fallen out, with the result that while the lever was
set for the cars to go in the level the switch-points were open to the slope and the cars
ran down the slope to the face of Martino's working-place.
The fatal accident which occurred to James Thoburn, loader, No. 5 mine, Comox
Colliery, on September 4th was due to deceased being struck by a descending trip of
empty cars on the main slope of the mine. Deceased had obtained permission from the
mine manager to leave work before the end of the shift and was on his way out at the
time of the accident. In addition to his own electric safety-lamp this part of the slope
was lighted by a number of 100-watt electric lights, so that visibility was good, but an
air-driven hoist, which was in operation at this point, made a considerable noise and
may have prevented deceased from hearing the approach of the trip. He died in the
local hospital a few hours later.
The fatal accident which occurred to Julius Peters, miner, No. 1 East mine, Coal
Creek Colliery, on November 17th was due to deceased being struck by a falling rock.
He and others were engaged in repairing and retimbering a roadway that had been
damaged by a bump two weeks previously, and at the time of the accident he was
attempting to dislodge a piece of roof-rock by means of a lever when another rock which
he had apparently disturbed fell and struck him. He died from his injuries in the
local hospital on the following day.
EXPLOSIVES.
The following table shows the quantity of explosives used in coal mines during
1942, together with the number of shots fired, tons of coal produced per pound of
explosive used, and the average pounds of explosive per shot fired (these quantities
include all explosives used for breaking coal and for rock-work in coal mines) :—
Vancouver Island District.
Colliery.
Quantity
of
Explosives
used in
Pounds.
Tonnage
for
Mine.
Total No.
of Shots
fired.
Tons of
Coal per
Pound of
Explosive
used.
Average
Pounds of
Explosive
per Shot
fired.
14,998
65,650
75,700
35,650
2,250
2,300
550
1,400
25
1,050
1,650
650
100
50
133
90
126,858
204,058
254,357
133,958
4,767
4,378
413
2,412
71
823
3,323
2,462
40
90
432
158
25,332
100,600
76,000
58,000
2,650
4,900
900
2,800
50
1,900
3,700
1,250
150
90
302
120
8.45
3.11
3.36
3.75
2.11
2.06
0.75
1.72
2.84
0.78
2.01
3.78
0.60
1.80
3.24
1.75
0 50
202,246
738,600
278,744
3.65
0.72
1329 A 102
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Nicola-Princeton District.
Colliery.
Quantity
of
Explosives
used in
Pounds.
Tonnage
for
Mine.
Total No.
of Shots
fired.
Tons of
Coal per
Pound of
Explosive
used.
Average
Pounds of
Explosive
per Shot
fired.
9,700
18,850
4,250
1,900
200
28,714
74,360
27,339
10,342
70
12,000
28,998
8,450
1,900
200
2.95
3.94
6.43
5.44
0.35
0.80
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co., Ltd.. - __ _	
0.65
0.50
1.00
1.00
34,900
140,825
51,548
4.03
0.67
Northern District.
1,200
1,000
80
1,000
100
150
6,929
1,732
85
1,978
90
206
1,920
900
250
1,200
60
258
5.77
1.73
1.06
1.97
0.90
1.37
0.62
1.11
0.32
0.83
1.66
0.58
3,530
11,020
4;588
3.12
0.71
East Kootenay District.
1
1,600    |      179,633
49,570     |      868,080
1,910
54,789
112.27
17.51
0.83
0.90
51,170    |  1,047,713
56,699
20.47
0.90
291,846
1,938,158
391,579
6.64
0.74
Quantities of Different Explosives used.
Monobel of different grades 	
Lb.
266,795
Permissible rock-powder      25,051
Total  291,846
The following is a list of explosives permitted for use in coal mines by the Honourable the Minister of Mines, under the provisions of section 101, General Rule 11, clause
(.), " Coal-mines Regulation Act ":—
Polar Monobel No. 4. Polar Monobel No. 14.
Polar Monobel No. 6. Polar CXL-ite No. 2.
Polar Monobel No. 7.
MACHINE-MINED COAL.
During the year 1942, mining-machines produced approximately 873,317 tons or
45 per cent, of the total.
The following table gives the district, number of machines, how driven, and type
of machine used:—
Number driven by
Type of Machine used.
District.
Electricity.
Compressed
Air.
Chain Undercutting.
Puncher
Type.
28
27
30
1
18
5
10
27
25
1
86
23                    63 COAL MINES.
A 103
SAFETY-LAMPS.
There were 2,434 safety-lamps in use in the coal mines of the Province. Of this
number 205 were flame safety-lamps of the Wolf type and 2,229 were electric lamps of
various makes as follows:   Edison electric, 2,186;  Wolf electric, 40;  portable, 3.
The following table shows the distribution of lamps by district, method of locking,
and illuminant used:—
Vancouver Island District.
Method of Locking.
Illuminant used.
Colliery and Mine.
Magnetic
Lock.
Automatic
Clip.
Naphtha
Gasoline.
Electricity.
33
68
15
7
2
2
2
2
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
240
304
282
162
23
15
6
5
3
2
18
9
2
2
2
3
21
32
15
10
2
2
2
2
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
252
340
282
159
Prospect mine, Extension  - -	
23
15
C
5
3
2
18
9
2
2
2
Stronach mine  —  	
3
142
1,078
97                 1.123
Nicola-Princeton District.
48
8
2
2
3
15
100
70
10
3
8
8
2
2
3
55
Granby Cons. M.S. & P. Co., Ltd	
100
70
10
3
63
198
23
238
Northern District.
1
4
2
1
4
22
8
8
1
4
2
1
4
22
8
8
12
38
12
38
East Kootenay District.
Coal Creek Colliery _ _    	
17
56
215
615
17
56
215
615
73
830
73
830
290
2,144
205
2,229 A 104 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Approved Safety-lamps, Electric and Flame.
A list of the approved safety-lamps, both electric and flame, was published in the
1930 Annual Report.    The following lamps, all electric, are now also approved:—
No. 8.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18 of the United States Bureau of
Mines. The only bulb approved for use in this lamp carries the symbol BM-18 and is
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.
No. 9.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18F of the United States Bureau of
Mines. This model of Edison lamp in reality represents an extension of the lamp
approval given under Approval No. 18. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp
carries the symbol BM-18F and is manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the
General Electric Company, Cleveland, Ohio.
No. 10.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 18H of the United States Bureau of
Mines. This lamp represents an extension of the No. 18 approval of the United States
Bureau of Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol
BM-18h and is manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric
Company, Cleveland, Ohio.
No. 11.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 24 of the United States Bureau of
Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol BM-24 and is
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.    This lamp is known as the Edison Model J lamp.
No. 12.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Edison Storage Battery Company,
Orange, New Jersey, U.S.A., under Approval No. 25 of the United States Bureau of
Mines. The only bulb approved for use with this lamp carries the symbol BM-25 and is
manufactured by the National Lamp Works of the General Electric Company, Cleveland,
Ohio.    This lamp is known as the Edison Model K lamp.
No. 13.—The electric lamp manufactured by the Koehler Manufacturing Company,
and known as the Super-Wheat Model " W " electric safety cap-lamp under Approval
No. 20 of the United States Bureau of Mines.
No. lb.—The electric lamp manufactured by The Portable Lamp and Equipment
Company, and known as the " Portable " electric safety cap-lamp under Approval No. 27
of the United States Bureau of Mines.
(Unless otherwise specified, all lamps are cap-lamps.)
Note.—While the use of flame safety-lamps is permitted, it is the policy of the
Department of Mines to- encourage the use of approved electric safety-lamps for all
persons underground in the coal mines, except such flame-lamps as may be required by
the officials of the mines in the carrying-out of their duty and in such cases as it is considered advisable to provide flame safety-lamps in addition to the electric safety-lamps.
ELECTRICITY.
Electricity is used for various purposes on the surface at nine mines and underground at six.
The purposes for which it is used, together with the amount of horse-power in
each instance, is shown in the following table:— COAL MINES. A 105
Nature of its Use. Average H.P.
Above ground—
Winding or hoisting  1,895
Ventilation   1,735
Haulage   198
Coal-washing   1,770
Miscellaneous   6,907
Total horse-power  12,505
Underground—
Haulage   1,418
Pumping   1,190
Coal-cutting     	
Miscellaneous  33
Total horse-power     2,641
Total horse-power above and below ground  15,146
Of the above amount, approximately 15,146 horse-power was operated as alternating current.
VENTILATION.
The reports of the District Inspectors give detailed information regarding the
amount of ventilation in the main airways and working splits of the different mines;
the figures given being those resulting from air measurements taken during the last
inspections of the year.
At the Comox Colliery the production of methane makes it necessary to have a
separate ventilating split for each long-wall and even a liberal supply of air passing
along the faces. The additional gas released by intermittent roof movements makes
it necessary to prohibit shot-firing for some time. In such cases the Inspector orders
that no shot-firing shall be done until further inspection and report.
Methane Detection.
The Burrell Methane Detector and the M.S.A. Methane Detector were in general
use throughout the year to detect the presence of methane in percentages less than
could be detected by means of the flame safety-lamp.
The flame safety-lamp is in general use as the everyday means of testing for the
presence of methane by the firebosses and mine officials, and during the year intensive
efforts were made by the Inspectors to train firebosses and miners to estimate closely
the percentage of methane indicated by very small " gas-caps " on the flame safety-lamp.
This work was carried out underground where the gas-caps could be immediately calibrated with the results found at the same time and place by one of the above-named
methane detectors.
While practically all workmen underground use the electric safety-lamp, many of
the miners were given practical instruction in the use of the flame safety-lamp as a
methane detector, and all new men who apply for a coal-miner's certificate of competency must show that they possess this knowledge.
Mine-air Samples.
The work of sampling mine-air was maintained throughout the year according to
the conditions existing or anticipated. While the results of the analyses of the samples
are not as immediately available as the information obtained by the methane detectors
or the flame safety-lamp, the report of analyses form a valuable record and offer a A 106 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
means of checking the accuracy of the other means of methane testing.    During the
year 162 samples were taken.
INSPECTION COMMITTEES.
At all the larger mines the miners fully observed the requirements of General Rule
37 of the " Coal-mines Regulation Act " by appointing and maintaining Inspection Committees which inspect the mines on behalf of the workmen every month. These Committees generally display an efficient interest in their work and as the personnel is
changed at three- or six-month intervals a large number of the miners have, in the
course of years, been brought directly into this work, which should provide an added
safety factor.
A report of each monthly inspection is sent to the District Inspector of Mines.
COAL-DUST.
During the year the sampling and analyses of coal-dust was well maintained and a
total of 1,598 samples was analysed.
Very few samples showed less than 50 per cent, incombustible content and in such
cases further treatment with lime dust is immediately ordered and the same course is
adopted where a tendency for the incombustible content of samples to decrease is noted.
DANGEROUS OCCURRENCES.
On April 4th, at No. 5 mine, Comox Colliery, a slight fire was discovered in the
insulation of a 2,200-volt cable which supplies power to the pump at the bottom of the
shaft. Apparently water had entered through a defective splice and caused a short
circuit.    The fire was discovered and the cause remedied without further damage.
On May 14th, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a sudden slight squeeze at the face
of No. 1 Right level liberated a quantity of gas that caused the withdrawing of the men.
The gas was cleared away in two hours.
On May 29th, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a fairly heavy blowout of gas and
coal immediately followed the firing of a shot in a working-place in No. 1 Diagonal
district.    All men had to be withdrawn from the area.
On August 6th, at No. 8 shaft, Comox Colliery, the hoistman raised one of the
cages too high while hoisting coal. The surface eager pushed an empty car forward to
put it on the cage and was unable to stop the car when he saw the cage was too high.
The empty car went down the shaft and did some slight damage, but fortunately the
eager released his hold on the car to save himself from going down the shaft.
On August 12th, at No. 8 mine, Comox Colliery, an empty car coming from the
tipple kicked back, pushed aside the spragging dolly and crashed through the shaft gate
and fell down the shaft. No damage was done to the shaft, but one cage had to be
replaced and both hoisting-ropes had to be reconed.
On August 13th, at No. 8 mine, Comox Colliery, a fire broke out on the surface
between the hoist and shaft, due to spontaneous combustion in mine debris which had
been used many years ago to level up the mine-yard. The men were withdrawn from
the mine at once and the burning material was dug out and removed by a bulldozer.
On August 27th, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a large emission of. gas immediately followed the firing of a shot in a working-place in No. 1 Diagonal district. All
men had to be withdrawn on the return side of this place.
On October 15th, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a blowout of gas immediately
followed the firing of a shot in a working-place in No. 1 Diagonal district and caused
the withdrawal of all the men in this section.
On November 5th, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a small blowout of gas
occurred following the firing of the second of two consecutive shots in a working-place
in No. 1 Diagonal district.
I On November 21st, in No. 10 mine, South Wellington, a blowout of gas immediately
followed the firing of the second of two consecutive shots in a working-place. All men
had to be withdrawn on the return side of this place.
BUMPS.
During the year a considerable number of " bumps " were again experienced in
No. 1 East mine, Coal Creek Colliery. Following are brief details of the more serious
" bumps ":—
On January 25th, in 22 East district, a " bump " did slight damage to No. 1 room
and the adjacent part of the main South entry.
On January 26th, in 22 East district, a heavy face " bump " occurred at the face of
the heading. A considerable amount of methane was released and one man was injured
by being thrown against a prop.
On January 29th, at 5.35 p.m., in 26 West airway, a " bump " affected several
hundred feet of the airway. The floor and track were heaved from 2 to 4 feet over
this distance and a 6-inch air-line was heaved and broken in four places. Five ventilation-doors were destroyed. A second " bump " occurred in the same area at 8.35 p.m.
on the same day and destroyed all the work that had been done to restore the ventilation
deranged by the first " bump." The earth tremors accompanying this second " bump "
were distinctly felt at Fernie, 5 miles distant.
On January 30th, shortly after midnight, in 26 West, a " bump " centred in the
Zero pillar area and heaved several hundred feet of floor from 6 to 12 inches and threw
several stoppings and doors out of their position. This " bump " was followed by
another one at 3.55 a.m., which again damaged this area and extended to the adjacent
28 West district.
On February 19th, in No. 3 room being driven off the main level, a small local
" bump " did slight damage and jarred down about twelve car-loads of roof-shale.
On March 2nd a heavy " bump " affected 22 East slope and one place in 22 East.
Five stoppings and a door were damaged beyond repair, several hundred feet of floor
was heaved, a considerable amount of roof-shale was thrown down and a number of
empty and loaded cars were thrown off the track.
On April 9th, in 28 West, a slight local "bump " displaced five sets of timber at
the face of a working-place. This allowed some 80 tons of fine coal and shale to fall
and suffocate the two miners in the place. One body was recovered two and one-half
hours after the " bump " and the other two hours later. Although this " bump " had
only a local effect underground it was felt by people on the surface.
On April 29th, in 26 West, a moderately heavy " bump " threw down the fireboss
and several miners without serious injuries. Face conveyors and air-lines were thrown
out of position and a door and two stoppings were destroyed. About 150 feet of track
was heaved a few inches.
On April 30th, in 28 West main parting air incline, a very heavy " bump " heaved
the floor and track on the incline to within 3 feet from the roof for a distance of 150
feet and destroyed a number of stoppings.
On July 24th, in 26 West, a heavy " bump " caused damage over a wide area and
heaved the floor a few inches in several places.
On July 25th, in 26 West, a heavy local " bump " in Zero room damaged the conveyor and heaved the floor 2 feet.
On July 25th, at 4.25 p.m. and at 8.30 a.m. on July 26th, shocks were felt on the
surface. There was no one underground at above times but later investigation showed
slight but widespread damage throughout all the upper part of the mine.
On November 7th, in the upper part of 22 East slope, a severe " bump," followed
by a series of lesser ones, did extensive damage consisting of the destruction of stop- A 108
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
pings and doors and derangement of the ventilation, while the track throughout the
mine was more or less disturbed. The track at one point was heaved to within 18
inches from the roof and there were a number of roof falls.
PROSECUTIONS.
During 1942 there were three prosecutions made for infractions of the " Coalmines Regulation Act," as follows:—
Colliery.
Occupation of
Defendant.
Offence charged.
Judgment.
April 3.
June 29.
Sept. 24
Chambers "mine.
Michel Colliery ___.
Michel Colliery.....
Manager
Miner	
Miner ____.
Firing shot by means of electric
igniter other than that approved
by Minister of Mines, General
Rule 12
Quarrelling underground  	
Had a match in his possession
while underground
Fined $35 and costs.
Fined $10 and costs.
Fined $5 and costs.
GOVERNMENT RESCUE-STATIONS.
The Department of Mines has four fully-equipped mine-rescue stations in charge
of trained instructors located in the chief coal-mining districts—namely, at Nanaimo,
Cumberland, Princeton, and Fernie. At any of these stations persons engaged in
mining may be trained without cost, either on their own application or by request from ■
any mining company. Where a mine is some distance from the rescue-station the
instructor, by arrangement, will take the rescue apparatus to such mine and give the
necessary training there;  this also without cost.
In addition to the above stations, a fully-equipped station with apparatus provided
by the Department is maintained at Middlesboro Collieries, Merritt, under the care of
the mine management, and a smaller unit of rescue apparatus is stationed at the
Premier mine, Stewart, and an H.H. inhalator stationed at Sheep Creek. The use of
these stations and apparatus is available to any medical practitioner, and during the
year many requests for oxygen and apparatus for administering same are received and
given immediate response.
In the larger mining areas of Nanaimo, Cumberland, and the Crowsnest Pass
experienced mine-rescue teams maintain a regular schedule of training throughout the
year and so keep ready for any emergency calls. Due to so many of the younger men
leaving the mines to join the different war services, there is increasing difficulty in
obtaining new men of the proper age and physique to undertake the strenuous course
necessary to produce efficient mine-rescue men; many of the men who had taken this
course at the different mine-rescue stations are now specializing in gas protection in
the army and navy.
The rescue-stations are also centres for first-aid lectures and training, and during
the war are also centres for air-raid precaution work and casualty stations.
The preliminary training course consists of twelve two-hour lessons in the actual
use of oxygen apparatus and Burrell all-service gas-masks in an irrespirable atmosphere, and instruction on the approved method of dealing with mine fires and
recovery-work. COAL MINES.
A 109
During-the year, in addition to the regular teams in training, twenty-one new men
took the full training and were granted certificates of competency:—
Cert.
No.
Name.
Where trained.
Cert.
No.
Name.
Where trained.
1125
Fernie.
Michel.
Michel.
Michel.
Michel.
Natal.
Natal.
MicKel.
Michel.
Princeton.
Copper Mountain.
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1126
1127
Primo Cimolini ,
Ellsworth B. Hansen _
Frederick Haluss 	
Hedley.
U28
1129
1130
Michael Slemko ___ 	
James J. E. Anderson	
Coal Creek.
1131
1132
1133
Paul N. Brulotte	
Anamy Marushko    ,	
William Gill _.	
Roger L. Girou , .,,
Stephen M. Serek _	
John Coggins 	
Fernie.
Fernie.
1134
1135
Joseph George Macdougall
Richard Alexander Krenke
Copper Mountain.
SUPERVISION OF COAL MINES.
During the year twenty-four companies operated thirty-five mines employing
1,892 men underground. In the supervision of underground employees there were ten
managers, seventeen overmen, and ninety-nine firebosses and shotlighters; a total of
126, or one official for every fifteen men employed underground.
" COAL SALES ACT."
There was only one complaint under the " Coal Sales Act " during 1942, and
this was given immediate attention, but towards the end of the year a number of complaints were received regarding the amount of smaller sizes of coal being sold as lump
and nut; however, as there are no regulations specifying minimum or average sizes for
lump coal, nut coal, or pea coal, no definite action could be taken in such cases.
In the Vancouver area, valuable assistance is rendered by the Weights and Measures
Inspector for Vancouver City, who keeps a close check on the sale of coal in the city.
List of Registered Names op British Columbia Coals, approved by the Chief
Inspector of Mines, in accordance with the Provisions of the " Coal Sales
Act."
Registered Names of Coal.
Colliery and District.
Producing Company.
Nos. 5 and 8 mines, Comox Colliery (Cumberland)..
Canadian Collieries (D.),Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd.
Canadian Collieries (D.), Ltd.
Old Wellington                         	
Hi-Carbon  _	
Mixture of Canadian Collieries' coal and B.C. Electric coke
Chambers' (Extension) ,	
A. H. Carroll.
Hat Creek	
Hat Creek (Lillooet)
Co., Ltd.
Canada Coal and Development
Co., Ltd.
Bulkley Valley	
Bulkley Valley (Telkwa) 	
Bulkley Valley Colliery, Ltd.
Coal Creek (Coal Creek)  	 A 110 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
BOARD OF EXAMINERS FOR COAL-MINE OFFICIALS.
FIRST-, SECOND-, AND THIRD-CLASS CERTIFICATES AND
MINE-SURVEYORS' CERTIFICATES.
BY
James Strang.
The Board of Examiners, which was formed on July 10th, 1919, now consists of
James Dickson, Chief Inspector of Mines, Chairman; H. E. Miard, member; and
James Strang, member and Secretary to the Board.
The meetings of the Board are held in the office of the Department of Mines in
Victoria. The examinations are held in accordance with the amended rules of the
Board of Examiners and approved by the Minister of Mines on September 28th, 1929.
Two examinations were held in 1942, the first on May 13th, 14th, and 15th, and
the second on November 18th, 19th, and 20th. The total number of candidates at the
examinations were as follows: For First-class Certificates, 4 (1 passed, 3 failed) ; for
Second-class Certificates, 4(1 passed, 1 passed with supplemental, and 2 failed) ; for
Third-class Certificates, 9  (4 passed, 5 failed), and for Mine Surveyor, 2  (2 passed).
The following is a list of the candidates who successfully passed in the various
classes:—
First-class Certificate.—Stanley J. Lawrence.
Second-class Certificate.—James Cochrane.
Third-class Certificates.—Alexander Dean, Siro J. Cimolini, Romeo Cimolini, and
James M. Brown.
Mine Surveyors' Certificates.—Harry Bapty and Alexander M. Richmond.
EXAMINATIONS FOR CERTIFICATES OF COMPETENCY
AS COAL-MINERS.
In addition to the examinations and certificates already specified as coming under
the Board of Examiners, the Act further provides that every coal-miner shall be the
holder of a certificate of competency as such. . By miner is meant any person employed underground in any coal mine to cut, shear, break, or loosen coal from the solid,
either by hand or machinery.
Examinations are held regularly in all coal-mining districts.
No certificate has been granted in any case where the candidate has failed to
satisfy the Board as to his fitness, experience in a coal mine, and a general working
knowledge of the English language.
During 1942 there were 183 candidates for coal-miners' certificates; of these 170
passed and 13 failed to qualify. In addition to the certificates granted above, substitute certificates were issued to those who had lost their original certificates.
The Board of Examiners desires to thank the different coal-mining companies for
the use of their premises for holding examinations when necessary.
The Inspector of Mines in each district has authority under the " Coal-mines
Regulation Act " to grant, after a satisfactory examination, a provisional certificate
as a coal-miner to applicants, which entitles the holder to follow the occupation of
a coal-miner for a period not exceeding sixty days or until the date of the next examination before the Board. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 111
INSPECTION OF COAL MINES.
VANCOUVER ISLAND INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
John MacDonald and R. B. Bonar.
J. A. Boyd, President, Montreal, Que.; H. R. Plommer, Vice-Presi-
Canadian Collieries dent> Vancouver, B.C.; P. S. Fagan, Secretary-Treasurer, Nanaimo,
(Dunsmuir), Ltd. B.C.; H. Baird, Superintendent, Cumberland, B.C.; R. K. Smart,
Assistant Superintendent, Nanaimo B.C.
No. 10 Mine, South Wellington.—W. Frew, Manager; Jos. Wilson, Overman;
A. Hannah, Thos. Jordan, E. Heyes, J. McArthur, W. Roper, J. Neen, D. McMillan,
J. Greenhorn, and F. Johnstone, Firebosses. This mine is situated in the Cranberry
district, about half a mile from the old No. 5 mine, and has maintained its position as
the chief producing mine in the district, with a total output of 254,358 tons over
a working period of 265.5 days. The surface plant has been described in previous
Annual Reports, the only addition during the year being the installation of a rotary
dump and creeper chain, which have improved handling facilities at the tipple. The
new change-room at the mine, preparations for which were begun in November, 1941,
was completed and put into use in August of this year; this building is of two-story
construction, measuring 77 by 28 feet, and has accommodation for 300 men. A new
electrical pumping unit was installed near the top of No. 1 Diagonal slope; this is
driven by a Canadian General Electric motor, 60 horse-power, 3 phase, 60 cycle, operating at 3,500 r.p.m., equipped with push-button control, overload and " no load " protection, and Bender-Warrick controls to regulate the stopping of the pump when low-
water mark is reached.    This pumping unit is enclosed in a fully fire-proof building.
Two mine-rescue teams of six men each have kept up regular training at the
Nanaimo station during the year, and, if necessary, there are six additional men who
can be called upon to fill in any vacancies in the above teams.
There are nine first-aid stations maintained at this colliery, the principal one
being in the lamp cabin adjacent to the mine, from which supplies are sent out to
replenish the stocks at the various emergency stations underground. First-aid equipment at the main station has always been kept up to the required standard, while the
underground stations are inspected weekly by a trained first-aid man to check on the
adequacy of the supplies at these points.
New development during the year amounted to 5,500 feet of drivage, all of which
was confined to the No. 1 Diagonal district where an effort is being made to open up
a new area in the general direction of the old Morden mine. All operations in the
Main slope and No. 2 Diagonal districts have been confined to the extraction of pillars,
from which it is estimated a total recovery of 90 per cent, has been made. One hundred
and sixty-five samples of dust were collected, all of these being well above the minimum
standard of incombustible content as set by the Coal-dust Regulations; 155 tons of
lime-rock dust were used in treating 40,000 feet of roadways to reduce the dangers
incidental to coal-dust. Working conditions in general have been found satisfactory,
excepting when certain " unusual " occurrences resulted in an abnormal outflow of gas,
necessitating the withdrawal of workmen from affected areas or a temporary prohibition of blasting operations pending the removal of all visible gas-caps from the general
body of the air. Twenty-seven samples of air were taken in the various returns, the
resultant analysis of these varying from 0.2 per cent, in the main West return to 1.02
per cent in the main East return. At the last inspection in December the fan was
producing a total quantity of 106,100 cubic feet of air a minute for the use of eighty- A 112 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
six men. This mine employs an average crew of 247 men underground and thirty-
eight on the surface. Accidents reported during the year are classified as follows:
Ninety-nine minor; three serious, and one fatal. All of these were investigated as
soon as possible following their occurrence.
Wellington Mine.—A. Newbury, Manager; J. Sutherland, Overman; A. Bennett,
J. Brown, J. Marrs, T. McCourt, and A. Kirkham, Firebosses. This mine is situated
in the Timberlands district, a distance of 14 miles from the washery and cleaning
plant at Nanaimo, to which point the coal is hauled by a fleet of trucks operated by
F. W. Beban Company under contract with the coal company. Production for the
year amounted to 133,956 tons over a working period of 262.5 days, with an average
crew of 133 men employed underground and nineteen on the surface. A general
description of the seam in this area, method of working, etc., appeared in the 1941
Annual Report. Development-work has been concentrated on extending roadways
partly driven in earlier operating periods and opening up new long-wall faces off these
levels; Nos. 1 and 3 walls have been driven to the boundary while Nos. 4, 6, and 8
walls are rapidly approaching this point. New faces have been opened up on Nos. 5, 9,
and 11 walls, but further development in the slope sections has been halted by faulted
ground. New underground installations included an electric hoist at the top of No. 1
slope and two electrical pumping units in a crosscut off this slope, all of these units
are housed in fire-proof rooms. Twelve samples of dust were collected adjacent to
loading-points on the various levels, all of which were above the minimum standard
of incombustible content as set by the Coal-dust Regulations; 5 tons of lime-rock dust
were used in treating 2,500 feet of roadways to combat the coal-dust hazard. General
working conditions have been found satisfactory and the ventilation maintained at
a high standard throughout the year. At the last inspection in December, the fan
was producing a total quantity of 57,000 cubic feet of air a minute for the use of
sixty-three men and five horses. Twelve samples of air were taken in the Main return,
all of which were well under 0.5 per cent, methane. Forty-three minor, three serious,
and one fatal accident occurred in this mine during the year; all of which were
investigated.
M. Brodrick, Fireboss.    This mine is situated at Extension, on the
Prospect Mine,    southerly end of the " Harewood Ridge," and operates in the Welling-
Extension.       ton seam.   Development-work has been confined to Nos. 2 and 3 dips,
but irregularities in the seam have slowed up this work to some extent.
A crew of six men has been steadily employed over a working period of 292 days,
with production amounting to 3,477 tons. As a rule, working conditions have been
found fairly satisfactory at all inspections. One minor accident was reported during
the year.
Robt. Hamilton and Associates, Operators;   Robt. Hamilton, Overman.
Deer Home Mine. This mine is situated in the Extension district and is operating in a
small surface area left intact when old No. 2 mine, Extension Colliery,
was abandoned. Three levels were driven off each side of the slope to contact the old
gobs and the pillars are now being extracted in these roadways. General working
conditions have usually been found satisfactory at all inspections. An average crew
of six men has been employed over a working period of 268 days, with production
amounting to 3,326 tons.    One minor accident was reported during the year.
R. H. Chambers, Operator; Thos. McCann and R. H. Chambers, Fire-
Chambers' bosses. This mine is situated in the Extension district and is working
No. 3 Mine.      an isolated portion of the Wellington seam left by former operators.
Production in 1942 amounted to 4,455 tons during a working period
of 257 days, with an average crew of eleven men employed. After some considerable
difficulty a bore-hole, 65 feet in length, was put through from the rock slope at the INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 113
inby end of No. 3 level to contact the abandoned workings of McCoy's Section in old
No. 3 mine, Extension Colliery; a pipe-line is being connected to this bore-hole and
this will act as a siphon to drain the lower workings. General working conditions
have been found fairly satisfactory at all inspections. One minor accident was reported
during the year.
George Frater, Operator and Overman.    This mine is operating in the
Lake Road Mine,  immediate vicinity of the old Beban mine, recovering a portion of the
Wellington seam lying near the outcrop which was left in this area
• when the old No. 1 mine, Extension Colliery, was abandoned.    Production in 1942
amounted to 2,447 tons, with an average crew of five men employed over a working
period of 269 days.    The ventilation is provided by natural means and working conditions have generally been found satisfactory.    No accidents were reported during the
year.
T. and G. Lewis, Operators;  G. Lewis, Fireboss.   This mine is situated
Lewis' No. 2     in the Harewood district and operations are continuing adjacent to the
Mine. old Harewood Main tunnel in a troubled portion of the Wellington
seam which was left in this area by former operators.    This mine
worked 276 days and produced 844 tons with two men engaged.    The ventilation is
provided by natural means and has been found ample for all requirements at our
inspections.    No accidents were reported from this mine during the year.
J. McKellar and Associates, Operators.    J. Nimmo, Fireboss.    This
No. 5 Mine,      mine is situated in the Cassidy district and is operating in a limited
Cassidy. area of the Douglas seam lying to the south of the abandoned Granby
No. 2 mine. As in 1941, development-work has been greatly retarded
by faulted ground. Operations at present are confined to the levels on the right side
of the slope, the roadways on the left of the slope being stopped in the early part of
the year in view of their proximity to the prohibited area adjacent to the old No. 2
mine mentioned above. A small fan was installed on the surface at the top of the
upcast shaft and an overcast built at No. 1 Right level to carry the return air over
the slope to the fan-drift. Ventilating and general working conditions have usually
been found satisfactory at all our inspections. This mine worked 282 days and produced 2,415 tons with an average crew of six men engaged. No accidents were
reported during the year.
W. Clifford and Associates, Operators;   W. Clifford, Fireboss.    This
Lila Mine,       new prospect adit was started from the surface in the vicinity of the
Lantzville.       old  Lantzville  No.  1  mine for the  purpose of intersecting the old
" Jack " adit and developing a virgin portion of the upper Wellington
seam.    During October and November work was confined entirely to driving the new-
adit and pumping out the old adit mentioned above.    Production commenced in December, the total output being 40 tons for a period of twenty working days with a crew
of three men engaged.    Work was temporarily suspended in the latter part of the
month as the inflow of water from the surface was too heavy for the small pump to
cope with during the wet season.    The ventilation was provided by natural means and
was sufficient for all practical purposes.    No accidents were reported during the year.
W. Loudon, Operator and Fireboss.   Operations at this property have
Loudon's No. 3   been continued in a limited area of outcrop coal left in the Wellington
Mine. district by former operators.    This mine worked 196 days and pro
duced 388 tons with an average crew of three men engaged. Ventilating and working conditions have usually been found satisfactory at all inspections.
No accidents were reported during the year.
F. John and H. Gerloch, Operators;   F. John, Overman.   This mine is
Pacific Mine,     reached by a short slope driven from the surface to recover a few
small outcrop pillars left in the Wellington district by former opera-
8 A 114 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
tors. Ventilation is provided by natural means and general working conditions were
found satisfactory at our inspections. Production amounted to 427 tons over a working period of 198 days with two men engaged. No accidents were reported from this
mine.
S. Dines and J. Colly, Operators;   J. Wallbank and J. Biggs, Fire-
Victory Mine,    bosses.   This small mine was opened up on a part of the Biggs estate,
in the Wellington district, in the hope that sufficient outcrop coal
would be found to justify this attempt. Unfortunately, this did not materialize and
the mine was abandoned. During May, June, and July production amounted to 94
tons over a working period of sixty-two days with an average crew of three men
employed. No accidents were reported from this mine. (Note.—J. Biggs, noted
above as being one of the firebosses for Victory mine, is now deceased.)
C. Stronach, Operator;   F. John, Overman.    This small mine is also
Stronach Mine,   located in the Wellington district and was reached by a short slope
from, the surface to tap a small area of outcrop coal in the Wellington
seam. Work on this property was begun in August and finished in the latter part of
December, all available coal having been recovered. Production amounted to 164 tons
over a working period of 112.5 days with a crew of two men engaged. No accidents
were reported during the above period.
R. B. Carruthers and W. Wakelam, Operators;  R. B. Carruthers, Fire-
Old No. 9 Mine.   boss.   This mine was formerly operated in the Wellington district by
Canadian Collieries (Dunsmuir), Limited, but has been abandoned for
a number of years. The above operators obtained a lease on this property and commenced operations at the beginning of November to extract a limited area of outcrop
coal lying on the high side of No. 1 Left level off the old Main slope. As there are
several openings through to the surface, a good current of air has been found circulating through the workings by natural means at all our inspections, while general working conditions have also been found satisfactory. Since entering production, this mine
has worked forty-two days and produced 86 tons with two men engaged. No accidents
were reported during this period.
At all the larger mines the inspection committees appointed by the miners in
accordance with the requirements of the " Coal-mines Regulation Act," section 101,
General Rule 37, made regular inspections every month and forwarded copies of all
reports to this office. Searches for matches and smoking materials were also made
each month at these mines, but no prohibited articles were found. All report-books
required to be kept at the mines were examined frequently throughout the year and
found in order.
James A. Quinn, Manager; Arthur W. Watson, Overman; James
No. 8 Mine, Weir and Daniel Morgan, Shiftbosses; John Anderson, William Ben-
Comox Colliery, nie, Frank Coates, George Harvey, William Johnstone, Alfred Maxwell, John Queen, Thomas Robertson, Thomas Shields, Edward Surtees,
Daniel Waddington, John W. Smith, and Frank Woods, Firebosses. The mine is in
the vicinity of the Lake Trail road and 2 miles east of the mine camp at Bevan. The
seams are reached by two shafts, each 1,000 feet in depth. The No. 2 seam, which lies
at a depth of 700 feet, is the only one being operated at the present time, although the
dewatering of the lower or No. 4 seam has been completed with the view to further
development. In the No. 2 seam, before opening out on the long-wall advance method
of work, a circular shaft pillar 1,000 feet in diameter was left and only narrow openings driven through it. The mine operated throughout the year, but owing to the
labour shortage development-work was retarded. All the active workings are at
present confined to the south side of the shaft, with the exception of some development
places started near the end of the year in the long inactive North side workings. The
main South level and accompanying 300-foot long-wall advanced 1,000 feet during the
J INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 115
year, and No. 2 Incline off the main South level was driven 600 feet. No. 1 Incline
advance wall and the left side of No. 1 Incline are-now inactive, being cut off by faults,
with production confined to the right side, which has three tandem walls advancing
along the strike in " echelon." There are nine long-walls in operation, three tandem
units and three single units, their total length aggregating 2,700 feet, with an average
seam thickness of 3 feet 6 inches, including bands of rock or bony coal varying from
1 inch to 14 inches wide. The repair work on the main South return counter was
completed early in the year and the stables removed, so that the main South return is
now duplicated with beneficial results.
The long-walls and levels are undercut by means of Anderson-Boyes compressed-
air long-wall machines, and the solid places are driven by radial-type punching-
machines. Shaker pan-conveyors of the compressed-air Meco type are used to convey
the coal down the long-wall faces and load it into l^-ton capacity mine-cars. Owing
to the numerous slips encountered, the varying thickness of cap-rock, and the slow
advance of the walls, the roof conditions are not of the best and require the closest
attention and care. The average daily output of coal during the month of December
was 650 long tons, with 235 men employed underground and thirty-three men on the
surface. A new sump and pump-room, near the Main shaft bottom, were completed
early in the year with a 7-stage centrifugal pump and 150-horse-power electric motor
installed. The haulage in the main South level district is now handled by an Ironton
storage-battery locomotive which is serviced in the recently completed fire-proof
charging-station located on the main South level just inby No. 1 Incline.
The mine ventilation is supplied by a Sullivan fan and at the time of the December
3rd inspection gave a total quantity of 208,000 cubic feet of air per minute against
a 7.3-inch water-gauge. Each long-wall has a separate split and all told there are
twelve separate splits. Twenty-four samples of mine-air were taken and analysed
and served as a check on safety-lamp readings. The analysis of the air sample taken
in the main South return airway on December 3rd showed a methane content of 0.69
per cent. A total of 362,000 lb. of limestone-dust was used underground during the
past twelve months, 120,000 lb. being used in tamping shots and 242,000 lb. in treating
the roadways and face-lines of the mine to combat the coal-dust hazard. As an additional precaution against the coal-dust hazard, the coal is subjected to a water, spray
as it is discharged from the conveyor-pans into the coal-cars; also several sprays have
been installed on the lower portion of No. 1 Incline to allay the coal-dust there. Two
hundred and twenty-eight samples of mine-dust were analysed during the year for the
purpose of ascertaining the percentage of incombustible matter and moisture in the
dust collected from the roof, floor, and sides of the mine roadways.
The compressed air for the underground machinery is supplied by three electric-
driven compressors, having a rated capacity of 4,970 cubic feet of air per minute,
located on the surface near the main hoisting-shaft engine-room.
The new wash-house was put into operation on August 1st, 1942, and has a capacity of 400 lockers with thirty sprays and a drying-room for wet clothes. A large
water-tank with a capacity of 20,000 gallons was erected west of the tipple to service
the wash-house and to augment the fire-fighting equipment. The mine was inspected
on forty-nine occasions during the year, and all report-books required to be kept at the
mine were examined regularly and were found to be in order.
John S. Williams, Manager;   John Christie, Overman;   A. Somerville
No. 5 Mine,     and James Cochrane, Shiftbosses; William Herd, Robert Walker, J. H.
Comox Colliery.   Vaughan, A. G. Jones, C. Williams, A. Dunsmore, R. Littler, R. O'Brien,
and L. Cooper, Firebosses.   This mine operates the No. 2 seam which
is reached by a shaft 280 feet in depth.    All the workings lie to the dip from the shaft
and are accessible by four slopes driven from the level of No. 1 seam on which the
shaft-bottom is located.    All the output is produced from advancing long-wall faces
and their accompanying development places.    At the end of the year there were five A 116 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
active long-wall faces; two tandem units each 500 feet long and one single unit 270
feet long, their total length aggregating 1,270 feet, with an average seam thickness
of 3 feet 9 inches of coal plus 10 inches of rock or bony coal. The mine operated
throughout the year, but owing to the labour shortage development-work was reduced
to a minimum. The average daily output of coal during the month of December was
420 long tons, with 215 men employed underground and twenty-nine men on the
surface.
The long-wall faces are equipped with compressed-air Meco type pan-conveyors
which convey the coal from the face-lines to 1-ton capacity mine-cars on the levels.
The slopes and levels are either bottom or top brushed to give the necessary height
and most of the rock stowed in the gob on both sides of the roadways. All the coal-
cutting is done by means of compressed-air Anderson-Boyes machines which undercut
the coal to a depth of 6 feet.
During the latter part of the year active production was confined to the Main
slope district, with both No. 4 West and No. 6 East slope districts idle on account of
the shortage of labour.
Due to the gassy nature of the mine the closest attention is at all times required
in maintaining efficient ventilation, and while it has been necessary on several occasions
during the year to temporarily prohibit the blasting on some of the walls and levels,
there was only one instance of protracted prohibition required. The mine is ventilated by electric-driven exhausting-fans which have separate returns but common
intakes. The No. 1 fan, which ventilates the abandoned No. 1 seam, stables, Nos. 2
West and 4 West slope districts, gave a reading of 54,000 cubic feet of air per minute
at the time of the last inspection; and No. 2 fan, which ventilates the Main slope district, No. 6 East slope district, and abandoned workings of No. 5 East slope district,
gave a reading of 125,000 cubic feet of air per minute 'against a 4.3-inch water-gauge.
One hundred and twelve tons of limestone-dust were used underground during
the year to combat the coal-dust hazard. It was distributed by hand on the roadways
and face-lines and is also used in tamping shots. As an added precaution the coal
coming off the conveyor-pans is sprayed with water to dampen the coal-dust. Two
hundred and forty-seven samples of mine-dust were analysed during the year for the
purpose of ascertaining the percentage of incombustible matter and moisture in the
dust collected from the roof, floor, and sides of the mine roadways.
A man-trip is run up the upper Main slope and, as a safeguard, the hoist is
equipped with an automatic cut-off which cuts off the power and applies the brake
if anything should happen to the hoistman; it is commonly known as the " deadman
control." An additional man-trip is run on the lower Main slope to connect with the
above man-trip. Each man-trip is equipped with a safety-car which is attached to
the back end of the trip.
The compressed air for the underground machinery is supplied by three electric-
driven compressors situated at the top of No. 3 intake drift, and which have a rated
capacity of 4,950 cubic feet of air per minute. The bath-house at the mine is equipped
with 512 lockers and has sixty sprays.
Monthly inspections were made by the miners' inspection committee, and copies
of these reports were received through the courtesy of the committee members. All
report-books required to be kept at the mine were examined regularly and found to
be in order.    The mine was inspected on sixty-five occasions during the year. INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 117
NICOLA-PRINCETON INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
E. R. Hughes.
There were five producing collieries operating in this district during 1942, as
follows: The Granby Colliery, operated by the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting
and Power Company, Limited, at Princeton. The Middlesboro Colliery, at Merritt.
The Princeton Tulameen Coal Company, Limited, at Princeton. The Tulameen Collieries, Limited, at Princeton, and the Hat Creek Coal Mine, at Upper Hat Creek, near
Ashcroft. Prospect operations were carried on by the Inland Collieries, Limited, near
Merritt, and during the month of December work was being done by this company in
cleaning up and retimbering the old Black mine, near Princeton, with the intention of
producing coal early in the new year. Charles Jackson, of Kelqwna, had a small amount
of prospect-work done near Princeton, which resulted in the location of a coal-seam.
Following this discovery no further development was undertaken. The Merritt Coal
Mines, Limited, was the only newcomer into the Nicola-Princeton field during the year;
this company, under the management of George Murray, former manager of the now
defunct Coalmont Colliery, began prospect operations on a small scale on the property
formerly owned by the Diamond Vale Collieries, Limited, at Merritt.
No fatal accidents occurred in the coal mines of this district during the year.
Fifty-five compensatable accidents were investigated, and of these there was only one
that was serious; this as a result of a youth falling from a surface trestle and sustaining a broken leg.    No serious accidents happened underground in any of the coal mines.
At approximately 11.30 p.m., September 26th, a fire, originating in the blacksmith-
shop at the Princeton Tulameen Colliery, completely destroyed the blacksmith-shop and
near-by power-house, resulting in the loss of buildings, machinery, and equipment
valued at $17,000. The cause of the fire could not be determined. No one was injured.
Due to assistance from other local mining companies, who kindly loaned equipment, the
mining of coal was again resumed on September 29th.
The above was the only dangerous occurrence reported to this office from the coal
mines of the district during the year.
There were no prosecutions under the " Coal-mines Regulation Act" during the
year.
The output of coal for the year was slightly greater than that of the two preceding
years, and amounted to 175,339 tons, as compared to 131,925 tons for 1941 and 149,827
tons for 1940. This slight increase, however, is not to be taken as indicative of market
requirements; in fact for the first time in many years the output, particularly during
the latter part of the year, fell considerably below demand. Only on two occasions since
the commencement of coal-mining in the Nicola-Princeton district has the annual output ev£r exceeded 250,000 tons; these record tonnages were produced in the years 1913
and 1922. It is not unreasonable to suppose that could the exigent need for coal have
been fully satiated, then the 1942 production may have approached, if not surpassed,
any previously recorded tonnage. When it is realized that the output from most of the
mines is produced on a single-shift basis, it becomes obvious that a greatly increased
tonnage could have been achieved from the present operating mines without having
recourse to the opening of new operations or even spending a great deal on additional
equipment at existing collieries. The operating mines could easily have absorbed
double the number of men employed at the end of the year; thus, this district, in
common with other coal-mining centres, suffered from an acute shortage of skilled
mine labour.
In addition to the regular mine-rescue training and first-aid courses undertaken
by workmen during the year, the Similkameen Valley Mine Safety Association held its A 118 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
annual field-day competitions on the Allison Flats, Princeton, on Saturday, June 13th.
The events in both mine-rescue and first-aid were keenly contested, and whilst this made
the work of the judges very exacting, it nevertheless evinced the painstaking thoroughness of the pre-competition training on the part of the contestants. The competitions
were considered to be probably the most successful ever held in the district.
E. W. Hamber, President, Vancouver, B.C.;   Miss E. McDonald, Secre-
Middlesboro     tary, Vancouver, B.C.; Robert Fairfoull, Superintendent, Merritt, B.C.
Collieries, Ltd.    This colliery is situated on a branch of the Kettle Valley Railway, about
1 mile from Merritt, and consists of No. 2 South, No. 2 South Extension, No. 3 North, and Prospect mines.    Plant and equipment have been described in
previous reports and there have been no changes during the year.    Forty-eight men
were employed underground at the end of the year and the colliery produced 32,088
tons of coal.
No. 2 South Mine.—Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Overman, A. Allen; Firebosses,
Thos. Rowbottom and R. Dunnigan. Pillar-extraction in the upper levels of the mine
was completed during the year and the lower parts were further developed by the driving of a new dip from the surface. The new dip was driven down 500 feet and levels
laid out in a north and south direction. Stalls were opened from these new levels.
During inspections conditions were found to be generally satisfactory. The roadways
and timbering were in good condition. All parts examined were generally well treated
with inert dust. The mine is usually ventilated by natural means, but a standby fan
was installed during the year and can be operated if adverse atmospheric-conditions
preclude adequate natural ventilation. An air measurement taken during the December
inspection indicated 12,000 cubic feet of air to be passing along the main return for the
use of nineteen men.    Analyses of the air showed a methane content of 0.05 per cent.
No. 2 South Extension Mine.—Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Overman, James Fairfoull; Firebosses, W. Ewart and E. Kelly. During the year the Main dip was driven
down 200 feet and a level was driven in from this. Pillar-extraction in the upper levels,
above the Main level, was completed. Conditions were found to be generally satisfactory during the monthly inspections of this mine. A small fan was installed during the
summer; this was found to be adequate for mine ventilation and the last air measurement taken, in December, showed 10,000 cubic feet of air to be passing per minute for
the use of twenty-two men. Analyses of the air indicated a methane content of 0.04
per cent, in the return airway.
No. 3 North Mine.—Manager, Robert Fairfoull; Overman, A. Allen; Firebosses,
G. Corbett and R. Dunnigan. Pillar-extraction had been taking place at this mine for
some time past and this work was completed during the month of January, when the
material and machinery were withdrawn and the mine was abandoned.
Prospect Mine.—Manager, Robert Fairfoull. This small prospect was opened during September, 1941, and after striking a thin seam of coal and making a second
opening for ventilation was closed down in December of that year. No work was done
at this mine during 1942, but the mine was being kept in reserve for possible future
development.
Company office, c/o Grossman & Holland, Stock Exchange Building,
Inland Collieries, Pender Street, Vancouver, B.C.;   Manager, Francis Glover, Princeton,
Ltd. B.C.    This company conducted prospect operations at two points near
Merritt, and at the end of the year commenced work on the reopening
of the Black mine, near Princeton.
No. 3 North Prospect Mine.—Manager, Francis Glover. This 'is a small prospect
operation in the side of a dry creek, situated about 10 miles by road in a south-easterly
direction from the city of Merritt. A slope dipping 35 degrees was driven down a
distance of 100 feet and was then continued as a level for another 80 feet. In this
level, surface gravel, sandstones, and conglomerates were encountered, with only a thin INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 119
lens of coal;  no workable seam was found and the prospect was abandoned during the
month of February and was allowed to fill with water.    Three men were employed.
No. 1 North End Prospect.—Manager, Francis Glover. This prospect, situated
approximately three-quarters of a mile in a north-easterly direction from the No. 3
North Prospect mine and about 3 miles south of Nicola, is on Lot 1305 and adjacent to
the old Normandale Colliery. Underground work commenced during the month of
March when a sandrock adit was driven in a southerly direction. After driving on a
level course for 106 feet a raise was put up a distance of 25 feet and made contact with
a vertical coal-seam approximately 8 feet in thickness. The coal appeared to be a good
grade bituminous and of coking quality. Three bands of rock, however, were present
in the seam and thus would probably present cleaning difficulties. The thickest of the
rock-bands was 6 inches at the point of contact; the other two bands being 2 inches
and 3 inches respectively. An analysis taken of this coal gave a B.T.U. content of
13,040. The grade of the coal having probably been raised by close proximity to the
underlying volcanic rocks, the presence of which would preclude continuity of regularity
in the coal measures, and would adversely affect the cost of mining at this elevation.
After making a second surface connection and advancing the Main level in coal it was
found that the seam deteriorated, thickening rock-bands replacing most of the coal.
The mine closed in November. The condition of the mine was found to be satisfactory
during the monthly inspection. A crew of three to five men were employed producing
a total output of 70 tons of coal for the several months of operation.
Black Mine.—General Manager, Francis Glover; Overman, John Gillham. This
property is in the Finlay Creek district, 6 miles south-west.of the town of Princeton.
It has been developed by two levels driven from the surface croppings in the side of the
hill. The Main level is in a distance of 750 feet with connections to the Counter level
which has been driven 1,000 feet with raises to the surface for ventilation. This mine
has worked intermittently for a number of years with only a small production, which,
during 1941, amounted to only 30 tons. Work of rehabilitating the mine began during
December and it is expected that coal production will resume during January, 1943.
No coal was actually produced during the year. An inspection, made after work had
begun, found conditions to be generally satisfactory. The mine is ventilated by natural
means and an air measurement taken in the intake gave 6,000 cubic feet of air per
minute for the use of four men.    Safety-lamp tests indicated no visible gas-caps.
Owned by L.  D.  and A.  A.  Leonard, Ashcroft,  B.C.    This mine  is
Hat Creek Coal    situated in Upper Hat Creek, 30 miles from Ashcroft and 15 miles
Mine. from Pavilion, a station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.    The
mine is at an elevation of 2,700 feet above sea-level and is developed
by a Main level driven 230 feet into a hill and crosscutting the almost vertical measures,
which at this point consist of numerous coal-seams intersected by clay and shale bands
of varying thickness. Levels have been turned off to the right and left of the Main
level on five of the seams, which average from 8 to 12 feet in thickness. All development during the year was directed to the No. 2 and No. 3 Right levels and at the close
of the year a new ventilation opening was being driven to the surface to give an
increased air-supply to these right side workings. Coal is taken by truck to local
markets and during the winter some railway shipments were made to Vancouver via
Pavilion. A sample of coal was taken from the face of No. 2 Right level on July 15th,
the analysis of which gave 9,340 B.T.U.'s. Ventilation is by natural means and conditions were found to be generally satisfactory. The last air measurement taken showed
6,120 cubic feet of air passing for the use of three men. Analysis of the air showed
a methane content of 0.03 per cent, in the return airway. In addition to A. A. Leonard,
who acts in the capacity of fireboss, two other men were employed and 1,978 tons of
coal was produced during the year. A 120 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Manager, George Murray.    During the month of October this com-
Merritt Coal     pany commenced prospecting on land formerly owned by the Diamond
Mines, Ltd.      Vale Collieries, Limited, near the city limits of Merritt and adjacent to
the old company's No. 3 Slope and " New " No. 3 Slope.    Neither of
these mines has been operated for a number of years.    The prospecting undertaken
this year consisted of a trial pit sunk to bed-rock and lateral drives along the gravel-
covered outcrop of the measures for the purpose of correlating the seams preparatory
to opening a new mine.    In December a 3-foot seam of coal, with a 6-inch rock parting,
had been found.    Three men were employed.
Head office, 716 Hall Building, Vancouver, B.C.; Mine Overman, David
Tulameen M. Francis; Fireboss, Thomas Bryden. This company operates the
Collieries, Ltd. Tulameen No. 3 mine, which is situated about 2 miles west of the town
of Princeton. The tipple is at the side of the Kettle Valley Railway,
from which a short siding-spur is extended. The underground workings of this mine
were connected to the abandoned workings of the old No. 2 mine, in the month of
February. When tapped, these old workings were found to be filled with methane.
All workmen were withdrawn from the mine and the old workings were connected to
the No. 3 mine ventilation system, following which the mine entrances were fenced off
for twenty-four hours and no naked lights were allowed within 200 feet of the return
airway at the mine surface. After the methane had been successfully removed, the
old workings were explored but it was found that extensive caving had taken place in
the lower workings. After sufficient rehabilitation had been accomplished to meet the
immediate needs of mine development the remaining inaccessible workings were sealed
off as a precautionary measure against possible spontaneous combustion taking place in
the heavily caved area. Subsequent development was in extending the old No. 2 Mine
incline and driving levels northward from it. Mine ventilation is provided by a Sheldon
fan and the air measurement taken in December showed 12,250 cubic feet of air to be
passing for the use of fourteen men. Analysis of the air showed a methane content of
0.04 per cent, in the return airway. The mine operated throughout the year and produced 9,319 tons of coal. The roadways and timbering were found to be generally
satisfactory and the roadways were well treated for dust.
Guy F. Atkinson, President, San Francisco, California; George H.
Princeton Atkinson, Vice-President, San Francisco, California; W. D. Seaman,
Tulameen Coal Secretary-Treasurer, Princeton, B.C.; James Taylor, Manager, Prince-
Co., Ltd. ton, B.C.; Ben Cheetham, Robert Gourlay, and Andrew Dean, Firebosses. This company operates the Princeton Tulameen No. 1 mine,
formerly known as the Lind mine, situated about 1 mile west of Princeton. The mine
is developed from a Main slope driven from the outcrop on a pitch of 16 degrees; this
slope was extended 130 feet during the year and is now down 1,410 feet from the surface. Before reaching a point 600 feet down the slope, nine levels have been developed
to the right and left; pillar-work in this area has been completed for the present and
all immediate development is lower down the slope. At a point 650 feet down, the slope
pashss underneath the Tulameen River, with a minimum coverage of 165 feet. Roadways under the river-bed consist only of an intake and return airway. After passing
under the river and at a point 1,000 feet from the portal, three new levels were
developed to the right for a distance of 2,000 feet; these levels, Nos. 13, 14, and 15,
have a coverage averaging 250 to 300 feet. The levels became too far advanced for
hand-tramming and, as sufficient power was not available for mechanical haulage, work
in these levels was temporarily suspended during the summer and development was
concentrated in two new levels, Nos. 16 and 17 Right, farther down the slope. Most
of the coal produced came from these two new levels during the fall and winter months.
On September 26th, at approximately 11.30 p.m., a fire, originating in the blacksmith-
shop, totally destroyed this building and the near-by power-house, resulting in the loss INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 121
of buildings, machinery, and equipment valued at $17,000. The cause of the fire could
not be determined. No one was injured. Due to assistance from other local mining
companies, who kindly loaned equipment, the mining of coal was again resumed on
September 29th. The loss of this equipment, and the fact that the mine was previously
underpowered, no doubt was chiefly responsible for the management outlining plans for
increased power units to be installed early in the forthcoming year. Already work has
been done on the erection of buildings to house the new equipment and arrangements
were being made with the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company,
Limited, to supply electric power for the operation of the new units. Three Ingersoll-
Rand post-type punching-machines, motivated by compressed air, are used to mine the
coal. No additions were made to mine equipment during the year. The mine is ventilated by a 48-inch Aerodyne-type fan, belt-driven from a gas-engine. The last air
measurement taken during December showed 40,000 cubic feet of air passing through
the fan-drift for the use of twenty men. Analysis of the air showed a methane content
of 0.1 per cent.
The coal produced at this mine supplies most of the domestic requirements in the
Princeton district and is also shipped to Vancouver and Interior points. The coal
shipped by rail is taken from the mine to the shipping-bunker situated near the Kettle
Valley Railway station at Princeton by an International truck of 8-ton capacity. During the winter season thirty-three men were employed underground and the total mine
production of coal for the year was 30,438 tons.
Julian B. Beaty, President, New York;   A. S. Baillie, Vice-President
The Granby Con- an<^ General Manager, Copper Mountain, B.C.;   W. R. Lindsay, Assis-
solidated M.S. & tant General Manager, Allenby, B.C.;   W. I. Nelson, General Superin-
P. Co., Ltd.      tendent, Copper Mountain, B.C.
Granby Colliery No. 1 Mine.—Mine Manager, Thos. M. Wilson; Overman, A.
McKendrick; Firebosses, T. Cunliff, F. Bond, A. Hilton, D. Jones, T. Lloyd, and James
Fairley.
The No. 1 mine is situated about 6 miles west of Princeton, off the Hope-Princeton
Highway. Almost all the output from this mine is used at the company's steam electric
power plant near Princeton, which supplies the power requirements at the Copper
Mountain copper-mining operation, the concentrator at Allenby, and at the coal mine.
The coal is transported from the mine by auto-trucks to a point near Princeton, from
where it is carried across the Similkameen River by an aerial tram to the power plant.
The total power capacity of this plant is approximately 17,500 kilowatts. For this
coal-haulage three 9-ton trucks, one of which has a 12-ton trailer, are used.
The mine is developed from two diagonal slopes, the North diagonal and the South
diagonal; this system providing for the development of a large triangular area of
unworked coal between the slopes. The North diagonal slope is down 1,660 feet; no
advancement being made during the year. Seven levels have been turned off to the left
of this slope, in the first four of which pillar-extraction has been completed and, at the
end of the year, was almost completed in the fifth level. No. 6 North level was advanced
to a point 1,480 feet north of the slope, and pillar-extraction was commenced; this
pillar-drawing has reached a point 350 feet from the level face. No. 7 North level was
advanced to a point 1,020 feet from the slope and was still advancing at the end of the
year. The levels are approximately 300 feet apart and a small isolation pillar is left
between the levels when pillars are drawn; as pillar-drawing is completed the level is
immediately sealed as a safeguard against heating, this being one of the principal
dangers peculiar to the Princeton lignite field.
The South diagonal is down 1,230 feet; no advancement was made during the year.
Five levels have been turned off to the right of this slope, the first three of which had
completed pillar-extraction before the commencement of the year, with the exception of
a small area in No. 3 South level that had to be abandoned in August, 1941, on account A 122 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
of incipient heating. Nos. 1, 2, and 3 South levels were sealed at that time and thus
this small amount of pillar coal was lost. No. 4 South level was advanced to a point
1,380 feet south of the slope and the No. 5 South level was advanced to a point 720 feet
south of the slope.    No pillars were drawn on the south side during the year.
The average thickness of the seam is approximately 16 feet, in which occurs no
less than eighteen bands of " bone," bentonite, clay, and ironstone. This excess of
foreign matter has necessitated that mining be confined to the lower 5 and 7 feet of the
seam, which has an average pitch of 27 degrees. The coal is carried from the raise-
stalls by means of sheet-iron lined chutes to the levels below. With the exception of the
main underground hoist, which is electrically operated, all other underground power is
derived from compressed air. All mining is done by means of Ingersoll-Rand post-type
punching-machines, of which fourteen are in use. The types used are the R-37 and
R-47. Power for the mine is developed by an electrically operated Ingersoll-Rand
Imperial No. 10 compressor, having a capacity of 1,200 cubic feet of free air per
minute, with a pressure of 90 lb. The surface plant and tipple is electrically operated.
The North and South diagonal slopes are separately ventilated by individual fans; the
North fan supplying 21,900 cubic feet of air per minute for the use of twenty-three
men; an analysis made of the air in the return airway showed a methane content of
0.04 per cent. The South fan supplied 24,750 cubic feet of air per minute for the use
of eighteen men; a sample taken of the return air gave an analysis of 0.04 per cent,
methane.
Monthly inspections were made by the miners' inspection committee, and copies of
all these reports of inspection were received through the courtesy of the committee
members. All report-books required to be kept at the mine were regularly examined
and found to be in order. Working conditions in general have been found satisfactory
throughout the year. Eighty-two men were employed underground and the coal production for the year was 83,446 tons.
Granby Colliery No. 2 Mine.—This development mine remained closed throughout
the year, except for the necessary pumping of water to keep the workings ready for
use if required.
Peace River Area.
During the month of August the Peace River area was visited to gain information
relative to possible coal production in view of the potential demand for fuel in connection with the extensive road-building programme of the Alaska Highway, which passes
through the Peace River block.
Two small properties, the Gething and Packwood mines, have had only a limited
production and were reported upon in the Annual Report of the Minister of Mines for
1940, pages A-126 and A-127. Very little work has since been done at either mine.
Whilst the normal local market is small, mining development has to some extent also
been limited by adverse road conditions between the mines and Fort St. John and the
lack of mining equipment and mining personnel. These difficulties would preclude any
accelerated production to meet emergent demands. The seams being worked at these
properties, also, do not lend themselves to rapid development, but the existence of more
valuable seams is known, particularly in the vicinity of the Peace River canyon where
an excellent seam of coal 5 feet 5 inches in thickness was prospected some years ago by
Victoria interests. Even if the outlook were more favourable in all other respects, this
coalfield cannot be expected to develop until fair roads are provided.
This small mine is operated by Quentin F. Gething and is situated iy2
Gething Mine,    miles north of the Peace River and 12 miles south-west of the village
of Hudson Hope.    The workings are on the eastern slope of Bullhead
Mountain and consist of an adit 70 feet long driven on the strike of the seam and a
raise driven 15 feet up the full pitch, starting near the adit face;  the raise requires to INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 123
be driven another 20 feet to make a surface connection. The seam is inclined on an
angle of 30 degrees. Measurements taken at the face gave the following seam section:
Shale roof; 5 inches coal; 4 inches bone; 7 inches coal; y4 -inch rock streak; 12 inches
coal; 4 inches rock; 31 inches coal; 30 inches ironstone foot-wall. The bone and rock
present necessitates that great care be taken in cleaning the coal. An estimated 57
tons of coal was produced during the year.
Operator, Geo. Packwood, Baldonnel, B.C. This small mine is situated
Packwood Mine,  on the west slope of Butler Range, 22 miles west of Hudson Hope and
84 miles west of Fort St. John. Up to the time of inspection on August
20th no work had been done during the year. The seam dips approximately 55 degrees
in a westward direction and consists of 3 feet of clean coal. An adit has been driven a
distance of 130 feet along the strike of the seam. At a point 70 feet from the portal
a raise was driven 60 feet out to the surface, thus providing a second outlet for ventilation purposes. Another seam of coal has been found about 15 feet above the present
workings; this seam, however, is only 30 inches thick and at the outcrop appears to be
more friable than the seam prospected. A sample of this coal taken during 1940 gave
the following analysis: Moisture, 1.1 per cent.; volatile combustible matter, 15.4 per
cent.; fixed carbon, 80.2 per cent.; ash, 3.3 per cent.; sulphur, 0.6 per cent.; B.T.U.'s,
14,136.
A visit was made to these prospect workings which have been inactive
Grant Seam for several years. The seam is exposed on Grant flat very close to the
Workings.       north bank of the river and 15 miles up-stream from Hudson Hope.
The workings are on Lot 1049, owned by the Aylard interests of Victoria, B.C. Some years ago work was done on this seam and about 1,000 tons of coal
produced, but owing to transportation difficulties only a small amount of this was
shipped. The seam measured 65 inches of excellent high-carbon bituminous coal, with
a %-inch mud parting in the seam centre. The seam dips very gradually to the west
and where exposed appears to be extremely regular. Underground development consists of a Main level with crosscuts to the surface, having a total length of about 500
feet. Of the different exposures seen the Grant seam offers by far the best opportunity
for successful development. Such development being entirely contingent on the building of a road.
NORTHERN INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY
Charles Graham.
Bui
F. M. Dockrill, President;   A. H. Dockrill, Overman.   The property is
ulkley Valley    located on Goat Creek, a tributary of Telkwa River, about 7 miles from
Collieries.       Telkwa, to which point coal is hauled by truck.   The market is chiefly
domestic and confined, by transportation cost, to the area between
Prince Rupert and McBride on the line of the Canadian National Railways.
Owing to faulting which cut across the face of the slope, in addition to other
faulting cutting off the workings on both sides of the slope, development in the No. 1
slope was discontinued and the extraction of pillars is now being carried on. The
mine survey was brought up to date before extraction of pillars commenced.
A new slope, No. 2, was started north of No. 1. Development in this slope has
been greatly handicapped by faulting. The slope was down about 200 feet when
a fault was struck, coming in from the right at an angle of about 30 degrees. The
slope was turned left that amount which brought it around almost to the strike of A 124 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
the seam as shown in No. 1 slope. This was eventually turned on to the strike and
driven as a level, with the intention of developing a slope farther in. Another disturbance, a roll, was met coming up in the floor. A little prospecting was done but
the roll was not crossed due, principally, to lack of miners. A place was driven along
the rise side of the roll but this eventually struck the outcrop. A Siskol coal-cutter is
in use. No sign of gas was seen on any visit nor was any reported during the year.
A. M. Richmond, Agent; J. M. Wilson and Wm. Dinsdale, Firebosses.
Telkoal Co., Ltd. This property, which is located on Telkwa River, was formerly operated by the Aveling Coal Company, Limited; the new company taking
over the property on November 23rd, 1942. Development on the " Betty " seam is
being pushed ahead as fast as possible. A Radialax coal-cutter has been installed
and a new air compressor, which should speed up development considerably.
A bridge is being built across the Telkwa River, replacing the one washed out
several years ago.    When completed it will be possible to open up the " Major " seam.
Additional plant and equipment is being added and development of these two
seams should proceed rapidly if there are sufficient men available. No gas has been
reported in the mine.
The Consolidated Mining & Smelting Company has located a coal showing on
Discovery Creek, a tributary of Omineca River, about 25 miles from Silver Creek,
where they are developing a new mercury property. Prospecting and testing of this
coal will be done as soon as it is possible to reach the property. If a coal mine can
be developed here it will be of very great value to the properties now under development by the Consolidated Mining & Smelting Company and the Bralorne Mines, Limited, in the Silver Creek area.
EAST KOOTENAY INSPECTION DISTRICT.
BY.
H. E. Miard.
In this district the Crow's Nest Pass Coal Company, Limited, was again the sole
coal-mine operator during the past twelve months. The combined production of the
Michel and Coal Creek collieries amounted to 990,633 long tons, an increase of 33,248
tons over that for the previous year, the loss in washing, amounting to 6.576 per cent,
of a gross output of 868,080 long tons, being deducted in the case of the Michel
colliery.
The conditions prevailing at the beginning of the year justified the hope, then
entertained, that a considerably more important increase would be recorded. However,
a number of circumstances, including the scarcity of labour, probably entitled to first
place in this case, operating difficulties incident to natural conditions at both Michel
and Coal Creek, and, to some extent also, the various impediments delaying the purchase and delivery of mining machinery combined to prevent the expected expansion.
While it has become customary to consider the man-power requirements of coalmining solely in terms of manual labour, the fact that, for a period of ten years or
more, barely enough mine officials have been trained to replace those who disappeared
from the field for one reason or another is now bringing about results that could have
been foreseen but were not guarded against while the industry was in its comatose
condition.
At the Michel plant 85,855 long tons of coke was obtained from the treatment of
128,441 tons of coal. Of this amount, 93,504 tons treated in the bee-hive ovens yielded
59,653 tons of coke, and 34,937 tons processed in the Curran-Knowles by-products ovens yielded 26,202 tons of coke, 242,940 gallons of tar, and 146,000,000 cubic feet of
surplus gas, the greater part of which was burnt under the colliery's boilers.
A second battery of ten by-products ovens was erected at Michel but, owing to
the erratic manner in which the operating machinery was delivered, had not yet been
put in operation at the end of the year.
The accident record for the period under consideration is by no means one to be
considered complacently, and, in view of the dearth of labour already mentioned as
having exerted a detrimental influence upon the year's operations, it may well become
a subject of deep concern, otherwise than from the strictly humanitarian point of view.
The combined contributions of all are needed, if the national war effort is to be sustained adequately, and men unable to attend to their work on account of injuries
sustained in the course of their employment are temporarily as useless as if their
services had never been available. In fact, were these untoward occurrences eliminated
entirely the labour problem would undoubtedly lose much of its present gravity.
Viewed from the purely economic standpoint, the matter assumes an equally serious
aspect and it can be safely said that compensation payments represent the smaller
part of the cost of accidents to the industry. One of the most unfortunate features
of this perplexing situation is that carelessness, often on the part of the injured man
himself, is responsible for the great majority of all accidents. The degree of safety
attained in mining, or in any other industrial operation, is a direct result of the collective mental attitude of all those concerned towards the subject; this usually radiating from the upper stratum downwards.
In the course of the year four fatal accidents caused the death of five men in the
coal mines of the district. They are described in detail in another part of this report.
At Coal Creek two miners were killed by a face bump and a timberman was struck
by a slab of roof-rock that he was taking down on a main entry. At Michel a man
died from internal injuries sustained when he stumbled and fell on one of the mine
roadways and another was fatally injured by a runaway mine-car. A total of 377
other accidents, forty of which occurred on the surface, was recorded at this office.
Among these mishaps, sixteen were classed as " major," seventy-two as " serious,"
and 276 as "slight"; thirteen remaining unclassified at the end of the year, as the
length of time during which the men involved would be incapacitated was then still
in doubt.
Six men underwent their first period of training in mine-rescue work at the Fernie
station and fourteen others renewed former training.    The total number of holders of
certificates of training in mine-rescue work in the Crowsnest district is now sixty-five.
Head office, Fernie, B.C.;   President and General Manager, Hartley P.
Crow's Nest Pass Wilson, Fernie;  Vice-President, Thomas Balmer, Seattle, Washington,
Coal Co., Ltd.    U.S.A.;    Secretary,  Thomas  G.  Ewart,  Fernie;    Treasurer,  Jas.  H.
Marshall, Fernie;   Mining and Construction Engineer, Wm. C. Whit-
taker, Fernie;   Managers, Bernard Caufield, Michel;   James Littler, Coal Creek and
Elk River collieries.    The company operated the  Michel  and  Coal  Creek collieries
throughout the year.    In the month of May the construction of a thoroughly modern
plant and the opening of new mines were undertaken at a point situated somewhat less
than 1 mile west of the present Coal Creek tipple, this being known as the Elk River
colliery.
'Michel Colliery.—Manager, Bernard Caufield; Assistant Manager, William Chapman. This operation supplied nearly 82 per cent, of the total output of the district
and 45 per cent, of the coal produced in the Province. The coal is mined by means of
chain undercutting-machines, radial coal-cutters, and pneumatic picks, being blasted
afterwards if necessary. In the course of the year 45,000 lb. of Monobel No. 4 were
used in coal and 4,510 lb. of Polar CXL-ite No. 2 in rock-work. Of a total of 54,789
separate charges, only four misfired, or 0.0075 per cent. A 126 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
" A " Seam.—Overman, Walter McKay. Slightly more than half the total output
of the colliery comes from the workings of this seam. The thickness of the coal ranges
from 8 to 14 feet and the roof is a shale of irregular strength occasionally weakened,
in certain areas, by an admixture of carbonaceous matter. Here, as in almost every
other part of the colliery, extensive damage to the timber is caused by dry-rot.
The coal is mined chiefly with the help of pneumatic picks, but chain undercutting-
machines and radial coal-cutters are in use at a few points. Blasting of the coal is
necessary only in very few places. The workings are ventilated separately by means
of a fan passing 84,000 cubic feet per minute, against a water-gauge of 2.25 inches.
The air enters partly through the Main haulage-road and partly through a special
intake. Satisfactory progress was being made with the driving of a second intake
opening from the surface at the end of the year, the work being facilitated by the
opportunity offered to freeze the loose ground that had to be penetrated.
The mine is ventilated by two distinct currents of air; one, designated as No. 1
split, circulates through the East and West districts, and the other, or No. 2 split,
passes through the North and South sections. At the time of the December inspec-
ion, 20,000 cubic feet of air per minute were being supplied for the use of sixty-one
men and four horses in No. 1 split, and 60,900 cubic feet per minute were passing
through the workings of No. 2 split, for fifty-nine men and four horses. The total
number employed in the workings of the seam was then 247 in twenty-four hours.
The presence of a faint trace of hydrogen sulphide in the air has been occasionally
detected in workings immediately adjoining the outcrop, in this as well as in the overlying " B " seam.
In the East and part of the West sections exclusive use is made of conveying-
belts on inclines to bring the coal delivered from advancing rooms or long-wall faces
to the main entries, where it is loaded into mine-cars for transportation to the surface.
Shaking-conveyors are used in all places, except a few driven on very low gradients in
which the coal is loaded directly into cars.
" B " Seam.—Overmen, Irving Morgan and William Gregory. The workings of
this part of the colliery are next in importance to those of the underlying " A " seam,
as far as output is concerned, but are covering a still more extensive area. The coal
is much thinner, its thickness ranging from 4 to 6 feet, and the roof is often treacherous, frequently concealing some of the irregularities commonly known as " pot-holes,"
although these seem to be less numerous in the parts at present in operation than they
were in those worked formerly. The method of working followed is that already
described in previous reports. The coal is mined by means of chain undercutting-
machines at the long-wall faces, and with radial coal-cutters in development roadways,
being subsequently blasted in the latter case. With very few exceptions the entire
output is carried away from the faces by trough-conveyors discharging either directly
into mine-cars, on conveying-belts or in chutes.
The coal gives off an appreciable amount of methane and the ventilation requires
close attention. The high inclination of the seam on the South side (about 37°) and
the considerable difference in elevation of various' parts of the workings exert an
influence alternately beneficial and detrimental in this respect. In summer the problem is greatly simplified through the assistance rendered by differences in temperature
between the workings and the surface, but in winter the conditions are reversed and
the difficulties to be overcome wax greater as the surface temperature decreases.
The workings are divided into three separate districts, each having its own intake,
their return airways joining at the top of the air-shaft linking them with the old
Main return of the colliery. At the end of the year work on the construction of an
overcast across the main East entry, in " A" seam, had begun and this, when completed, will permit the establishment of a second connection with the Main return,
which should obviate some of the difficulties experienced until now.    At the time of
I INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 127
the December inspection, 18,000 cubic feet of air per minute were supplied to the East
section for the use of forty-five men and three horses; 17,000 cubic feet per minute
were circulating through the South district for thirty-five men and three horses, and
8,000 cubic feet were supplied to a crew of seventeen men in the West section. The
total number of men employed in the workings of this seam in twenty-four hours was
then 205.
Most of the future output of the colliery will have to be obtained from the Spar-
wood side of the Michel syncline, where the measures are rather steeply inclined, as
already stated. The inconvenience attached to the method of handling the coal followed up to the present time has led to the evolution of a plan of working based on
the transportation of all the output from these areas by conveying-belts. Under the
proposed arrangement, the active sections of " A" and " B " seams would be connected by inclined rock crosscuts at various points to permit the transfer of the coal
from the secondary to the main system of transportation in the lower seam. This
involves the installation of belts with special retarding features. Should it be possible
to carry out the project, the maintenance of the present or even of an increased output
from the colliery would be assured for some time to come. Among the advantages
gained there would be a reduction of the quantity of coal-dust liberated, long and steep
chutes being among the worst offenders in this respect.
In the West section, where operations are now restricted to the extraction of
pillars immediately adjoining the Main incline, considerable difficulty has been experienced in maintaining the roadway, owing to rapid heaving of the shale floor. The
chief defect of the otherwise eminently satisfactory method of working followed is
that, in the final stages of extraction, the last open roadway has to be maintained
between goaves throwing excessive weight upon the remaining pillars. Abandoning
such pillars would mean not only a waste of recoverable coal but also possible injurious
effects upon the workings of underlying or overlying seams.
No. 1 Seam.—Overman, William Gregory. Operations in the North and South
sections of this part of the colliery have been limited to development-work on a small
scale. It is highly probable that they will be suspended entirely as soon as adequate
provisions have been made for the ventilation while the two districts are idle. The
production is not commensurate with the number of men employed, a paramount consideration at the present time. In the course of the December inspection, the quantity
of air circulating in the workings was found to have been 16,000 cubic feet per minute
for the use of fourteen men and two horses. The coal gives off a considerable amount
of methane.
No. 3 Mine.—Overman, William Gregory. Steam-coal of the highest quality is
still produced from this operation, at one time the mainstay of the colliery, but on
a considerably reduced scale, the daily output averaging now little more than 250
tons. All work is limited to the extraction of pillars in the immediate vicinity of the
Main level. The seam gives off comparatively little methane, but active absorption
of oxygen leads to the rapid formation of black-damp in any part of the workings
beyond the reach of the main air-current. This, consisting chiefly of excess nitrogen,
accumulates to the rise and may invade the live workings when the atmospheric pressure decreases. For this reason the former No. 12 Incline district was sealed off early
in the year. The average oxygen content of the atmosphere of this extensive worked-
out section had then dropped to 7 per cent, without a corresponding increase in the
percentage of carbon dioxide present. At the time of the December inspection, the
total quantity of air circulating through the workings amounted to 26,400 cubic feet
per minute for the use of thirty men and five horses.
A seam, thought to be No. 3, has been reached on the Sparwood side of the syncline
by one of the main rock tunnels, but lack of labour and the necessity to make arrangements to provide adequate ventilation have so far prevented its exploration.    The total A 128 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
quantity of air passed by No. 3 fan (ventilating the workings of both No. 3 mine and
" B " seam) amounted to 94,500 cubic feet per minute against a water-gauge of 3.1
inches.
Samples taken at various times in the main return airways of the different seams
carried the following proportions of methane: " A " seam (North and South sections),
0.70 per cent.; " B " seam (all workings), 0.67 to 0.79 per cent.; No. 3 mine, 0.32 per
cent. In the course of the year 560,000 lb. of limestone-dust were applied to the roadways of the colliery to neutralize the coal-dust.
No. 1 East Mine.—Manager, James Littler;   Overman, John Caufield;
Coal Creek      Shiftboss, Carmichael McNay.    Despite the difficulties which attended
Colliery. the operation of the mine practically throughout the year, the total
output exceeded that for 1941 by 4,820 tons; a result which it cannot
be gainsaid was attained only at the cost of considerable effort. The rapid heaving
of roadways in the vicinity of the workings and several series of bumps must be given
first place in this case among the obstacles surmounted. On the other hand, roof
conditions, on the whole, are more favourable than those prevailing at Michel. The
considerable length of the main haulage system is probably the chief hindrance from
the purely operating point of view.
Of course, in this case the " bumps " stand foremost among indigenous peculiarities, as usual. There were several series of these manifestations, varying in violence
but all attended by a certain amount of material damage, in the period extending from
January 23rd to January 30th, on February 19th, March 2nd, April 9th, 29th, and
30th, July 25th and 26th, and November 7th. The last mentioned was particularly
violent and was not only accompanied by tremors felt on the surface at Coal Creek
and Fernie but coincided with a faint earthquake shock recorded at the Mount Saint
Michael seismological station, near Spokane, some 150 miles away. The " bump " of
April 9th, although it did comparatively little material damage, caused the death of
two miners, trapped under a fall of roof-coal brought about by the shock.
It may be interesting to note here that the earth tremor accompanying a violent
" bump " at the Barnborough Main colliery, in South Yorkshire, was recorded at the
Kew observatory, about 230 miles away, the ground oscillation there being of the order
of one micron and extending over a period of 2% minutes. Still, the shock was not
perceived in adjoining workings of the colliery, a peculiarity observed on several
occasions at Coal Creek in former days.
The behaviour of natural forces of the order of those responsible for the occurrence of " bumps " can be discussed only in a very hesitating manner for, there, we
are dealing largely with immeasurable factors. It is certain that both the direct load,
represented by the weight of the overlying strata, and residual tectonic stresses, with
the latter very probably predominating, are jointly responsible for the dynamic
phenomena observed, and that the extent to which such stresses are retained is a function of the greater or less rigidity of some parts of the measures. Beyond this, no
one has so far been able to offer an entirely satisfactory explanation of all the characteristic effects of " bumps," these depending probably less on the initial nature of
the accumulated stresses than on their mode of release. Should they be dissipated
slowly, there may be only gradually increasing pressure on pillars with a flow of floor-
shale in the roadways (or of roof-shale, if this be the weaker stratum) and a constant
innocuous rearrangement of equilibria. If, on the other hand, hard and correspondingly unyielding measures are steadily accumulating a store of such stresses, then
release is apt to take place " in quanta " and with explosive violence.
The hypothesis that the passage of an earth tremor, originating at a considerable
distance from the actual site of the " bump," could augment the existing stresses
sufficiently to initiate the phenomenon derives considerable support from the few INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 129
reliable chronologic observations permitting to establish the moment at which the
earth-wave passed different widely separated points.
The former explanation, based on the assumption of a hammer-blow struck by
suddenly descending overlying strata, is not confirmed by the experience gained at
Coal Creek. There, violent "bumps" occurred in territory from which only 15 per
cent, of the seam, or even less, had been extracted. Of course, the effective size of
pillars cannot be judged from the area that they cover on the mine plan, for there is
a zone on the periphery of each one of them which becomes gradually separated from
the main body of the pillar and ceases to act as effective ground support.
Notwithstanding the dubious attitude displayed in the foregoing paragraphs,
some well ascertained facts based on experience have permitted the establishment of
certain rules from which no serious departures should be tolerated; they have already
been stated in previous reports, but are briefly recapitulated here for, although it is
probable that the inner section of No. 1 East will soon be abandoned, some coal deposits
lying at depths exceeding 1,500 feet will have to be worked in the perhaps not very
remote future, and the costly experience already gained can then be of some service.
The formation of long and strong pillars extending in the direction of the strike
should be avoided. Narrow places should be driven in pairs, with their faces in alignment and with only a small pillar between them. Some form of advancing long-wall
extraction affords the greatest degree of security and, adequate stowing being impracticable here, this can be applied most efficaciously by working the seam in successive
lifts, proceeding from the outcrop inby and following in order from the highest point
of the seam downwards. That the thick conglomerate bands overlying No. 1 East
have been fractured can be inferred from the fact that percolating water is now found
in parts which were previously perfectly dry. The minimum amount of narrow work
consistent with effective operation should be done in advance of the faces. The weakening of existing pillars, elsewhere than in the immediate vicinity of the faces, may be
either beneficial or highly detrimental and should be undertaken only with due circumspection, particularly when it implies the widening of existing roadways. All faces
should advance in the same direction and on a definite line or lines. Pillars and
stumps sufficiently large to present any appreciable resistance to movements of the
overlying ground should not be abandoned in the goaves. At Coal Creek the maximum
width tolerable in this respect has been found to be about 15 feet.
In No. 1 East, operating difficulties, largely due to the damaging of roadways by
heaving and bumps, led to departures from the principles aforesaid which may have
helped to aggravate an already precarious situation. The fact that the method of
working adopted a few years ago differed so widely from that formerly followed
militated also against their absolute application, it being necessary to make use of
development originally laid out with another object in view.
It is now planned to withdraw as rapidly as possible from the inner section of the
mine and to secure the output, which present conditions will continue to demand for
some time to come, from parts of the mine situated at some distance outby. The
abandoned territory will be sealed off in two stages, one of the areas worked out being
now ready for this operation. The goaves may be said to have behaved remarkably
well and no tendency towards heating has been observed. As it was not possible to
provide effective ventilation, the policy followed has been to promote the formation
of an extinctive atmosphere, with low oxygen and high nitrogen and methane contents,
which seems to have been achieved successfully.
' The condition of the old workings, on the east side of the Main level, remained
satisfactory throughout the year. The air in this extensive area is always surprisingly dry, showing a relative humidity of only 48 per cent, on the average, while it is
usually about 88 per cent, in the working sections. A 130 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
The ventilation is good, as it has to be in No. 1 seam, and, except where disturbed
through the closing of roadways by ground movements, was sufficiently powerful and
well managed to maintain satisfactory conditions in all parts of the mine. Coal-dust
constitutes a serious problem demanding constant attention. In the course of the
year, 80,000 lb. of limestone-dust and a large but not exactly determined quantity of
flue-dust were applied to working-places and roadways. The use of the latter material
explains the extraordinarily high percentages of ash (as much as 78 per cent.) found
in some samples of roadway-dust from No. 1 East. Pure limestone-dust leaves only
56 per cent, of its original weight as solid residue after incineration.
At the time of the December inspection, the fan was passing 101,500 cubic feet
of air per minute against a water-gauge of 3.6 inches. A total quantity of 45,900
cubic feet per minute, travelling in two splits, was supplied to seventy-three men and
eight horses; the greater part of the balance circulating through the abandoned workings on the east side. The return air, immediately outby the last working-place,
carried from 0.8 to 1.4 per cent, of methane, this varying with the time of the day
and the day of the week on which the samples were taken. The average Burrell gas-
detector reading at the same point is about 1.2 per cent.
Manager, James Littler.    The opening of this new operation consti-
Elk River        tutes undoubtedly the outstanding development in the history of the
Colliery. district in several respects.    The result of long and careful considera
tion, it was undertaken with the intention of avoiding most of the slow
and unprofitable stages through which the average colliery passes on its way to full
productive capacity. It will start with equipment sufficient, in almost all branches, to
handle an intended output of 4,000 tons per day, which, it Is hoped, will be reached or
closely approached at the end of 1944.
As a beginning, it is proposed to open and develop rapidly three of the coal-seams
present, Nos. 4, 9, and 10; the last two being known, at Coal Creek as Nos. 2 and 1
respectively. Six adits had been started in No. 9 seam, when weather conditions and
lack of facilities to bring the coal down to the plant compelled a temporary suspension
of operations. On the other hand, No. 4, situated much lower in the measures, will be
opened immediately and a judicious use of the mining machinery available will permit
a substantial output to be obtained from development-work there in a very short time.
The main transportation system for the two upper seams will be installed in No. 9,
and the coal from No. 10 will be brought down to it through inclines driven in the
intervening measures. The entire output will be handled exclusively by conveying-
belts as far as the portal, from where it is to be brought down to the preparation plant
by a retarding conveyor of the conventional type. Men and supplies will be brought
up over a surface track by means of an electric hoist installed in the front of the cliff
above the mine entrances.
It is possible that in time No. 11 seam, known as " B " seam at Coal Creek, may
also be reached and developed in the same manner as No. 10.
At the end of the year considerable progress had already been made with the
construction of the plant. The area to be used as a railway-yard required a large
amount of filling (about 100,000 cubic yards) and all buildings, except the preparation
plant, are carried on concrete pillars raising them above the new surface. The other
structure, which is to house the preparation plant and the boiler-room, is resting partly
on outcropping rock and its foundation will be a practically solid mass of reinforced
concrete. The other three buildings had been completed, as far as walls and roofs are
concerned, before winter began in earnest. They are a combined power-house and
machine-shop, 100 feet long and 60 feet wide; a warehouse and office building of the
same dimensions, which will also contain the first-aid and mine-rescue rooms, and
a wash-house, 154 by 60 feet, providing accommodation for 600 men. A part of this
structure is being fitted as a lamp-room.    All buildings are of concrete and brick
J INSPECTION OF COAL MINES. A 131
construction with steel window-sashes. The work remaining to be done indoors had
to be deferred pending the installation of the central heating system. The cleaning
plant, with the boiler-room, covers an area of 12,000 square feet  (120 by 100 feet).
A steel bridge has been constructed across Coal Creek and a spare track has been
laid from the main line of the M.F. & M. Railway to the new plant, in order to bring
all construction material, shipped by rail, directly to its final destination. A narrow-
gauge track has also been constructed to link the new operation with the Coal Creek
plant, where the output obtained in the early stages of development will be handled
until the loading installation at the Elk River has been put into service. The procedure
will then be reversed.
Corbin Collieries, Ltd.—This firm has been in liquidation for some years and the
final disposition of its assets is now almost completed. In the early part of the summer, 348 tons of slack coal was shipped to Trail, from the stock pile at Corbin, but
motor-trucks soon ceased to be available for the 14-mile haul to the Canadian Pacific
Railway station at McGillivray. Most of the serviceable machinery has been sold and
849 tons of scrap iron and steel have been shipped to the War Time Salvage Board. A 132
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES.
BY
James Dickson.
PRODUCTION.
The output for metalliferous mines for 1942 was 5,708,277 tons. This tonnage
was produced from 126 mines of which seventy-six produced 100 tons or more.
FATAL ACCIDENTS IN METALLIFEROUS MINES   (INCLUDING
UNDERGROUND PLACER-MINING).
There were fourteen fatal accidents in and around metalliferous mines and concentrators in 1942, being an increase of two over that of 1941.. There were no fatalities in
the quarries or placer-workings in the Province for 1942.
There were 4,422 persons under and above ground in the metalliferous mines and
960 persons in the concentrators in 1942. The ratio of fatal accidents per 1,000 persons employed was 2.41 compared with 1.77 in 1941.
The tonnage mined per fatal accident during 1942 was 407,734 tons compared with
663,023 tons in 1941. The tonnage mined per fatal accident during the last ten-year
period was 420,498 tons.
The following table shows the mines at which fatal accidents occurred during 1942
and the comparative figures for 1941:—
Mining Division.
Mine.
No. of Accidents.
1942.
1941.
Vancouver     '	
Britannia 	
Bralorne   	
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
5
4
1
Cariboo  	
Cariboo Gold Quartz    _ _ 	
Copper Mountain (surface)  „	
1
Sheep Creek Gold -   -	
1
Gold Belt 	
1
Fort Steele
1
Surf Inlet   	
2
1
Totals                   	
14
12
Following are the details of the fatal accidents in lode mines:—
The fatal accident which occurred to Harvey W. Smith, miner, Britannia Mining
and Smelting Company, Limited, on January 9th was due to deceased drilling into a
bootleg left by the previous round which evidently contained some unexploded powder.
From the evidence of an eye-witness it was established that deceased had attempted to
clean out the bootleg with the shank-end of a drill, then put the drill in the machine
and started drilling in the bootleg with an immediately resulting explosion.
The fatal accident which occurred to Oiva Saatela, miner, Sullivan mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on March 10th was due to
deceased being struck by a falling rock while assisting to raise a 33-foot ladder for the
purpose of enabling barmen to bar down recently blasted ground. The top of the
ladder touched and dislodged some loose rock which fell on deceased with immediately
fatal results. INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES. A 133
The fatal accident which occurred to Leonard William Hystead in the ore-crushing
plant on the surface at the Sullivan mine on March 22nd was due to deceased being
crushed between a belt-conveyor and one of its pulleys while engaged in cleaning up
spillage from the conveyor. It is believed that his shovel caught in the conveyor and
that in trying to recover the shovel he himself was caught and drawn into the pulley.
This conveyor has a speed of only 3% miles per hour.
The fatal accident which occurred to Duncan William McKenzie, chuteman, Sullivan mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on March
28th was due to deceased being run over by an ore-train on which he travelled between
transfer chutes. There were no witnesses of the actual accident, but McKenzie was
found alongside the train where it was stopped to discharge its load and had apparently
fallen off the train or stumbled after stepping off.    He died fifteen minutes later.
The fatal accident which occurred to Angelo Lorenzo Maddalozzo, miner, Gold Belt
Mining Company, Limited, on May 14th was due to deceased being caught by a slide of
ore in a stope where he and his partner were engaged in moving loose ore down the floor
of part of the stope, but had orders not to move ore down the part of the stope where
the accident occurred as this part was kept open for ventilation. Deceased apparently
did not have enough work to keep him busy and decided to go over to examine the other
part of the stope and used a safety-rope for this purpose. The loose ore started to run
and carried deceased down and broke the safety-rope, which was in good condition.
Forty cars of ore had to be drawn from the chute below before the body was recovered.
The fatal accident which occurred to Marko Humjan, miner, Sullivan mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on May 26th was due to
deceased being poisoned by carbon monoxide in a raise which had been driven up about
40 feet from the 3,651 drift. It was known that the air in this raise was defective and
there were notices at the manway to this effect. Deceased was looking for a timber-
chain and knew there was one in this raise and went up the manway despite the notices.
He was found unconscious shortly afterwards and given immediate artificial respiration
and oxygen but did not recover.
The fatal accident which occurred to Frederick Gordon Meister, barman, Sullivan
mine, Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited, on June 8th
was due to his falling or jumping from a barman's ladder in a stope. A 20-foot ladder
was raised and secured by guy-ropes and when Meister went up the ladder he found
that one of the guy-ropes was tangled at the top of the ladder. When trying to correct
the guy-rope the ladder began to sway and deceased climbed down part of the ladder
and jumped off from a height of 10 feet to the floor of the stope, where he stumbled
and fell over a ledge 14 feet high. He sustained a fracture of the skull, from which he
died shortly after being taken to the hospital.
The fatal accident which occurred to John Johnson, miner, Bayonne Consolidated
Mines, Limited, on July 2nd was due to deceased being struck by a falling rock which
almost severed his left leg and required over one hour's work to move before deceased
could be treated or recovered. He died from shock the following day. Johnson was
barring down this place when the accident occurred.
The fatal accident which occurred to Ivor Forsell, leading shaft-sinker, Kelowna
Exploration Company, Limited, on July 22nd was due to a fall of rock from the back
of an inclined shaft which was being sunk. The rock fell about 10 feet and inflicted
internal injuries from which Forsell died the following day. He had barred the place
before starting work, but probably the vibration of the drills had loosened the ground.
The fatal accident which occurred to Harry Blomquist, labourer, Allenby Concentrator, Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company, on July 24th was
due to suffocation. Deceased and others were engaged in cleaning down a fine-ore bin
when he was caught and covered by a slide of the fine material, which had to be drawn A 134 REPORT OF THE  MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
off below before Blomquist could be recovered, by which time life was extinct. There
were safety-ropes at the ore-bins but deceased had not been instructed to use them.
The fatal accident which occurred to Michael Herman, brakeman trainee, Copper
Mountain mine, Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting and Power Company, Limited,
on September 16th was due to deceased falling or jumping from the locomotive of an
ore-train at the ore-dump on the surface. Deceased was being trained as a brakeman
under the supervision of the locomotive driver and the regular brakeman and had been
three days on this work. On this trip the ore was being dumped into a different bin
from the previous trips, and the brakeman instructed Herman to stay on the locomotive
while the brakeman himself got off the train to supervise the dumping, which is done
automatically as the train passes the bins at low speed. Herman was seen to fall into
the open bunker and the brakeman signalled to stop the train, but two cars of ore had
been dumped before the train was brought to rest and Herman was partly covered by
ore and was dead when extricated.
The fatal accident which occurred to Louis Oldenburg, surface trackman, Kelowna
Exploration Company, on September 10th was due to deceased being thrown from a
runaway freight-car on the surface incline. Deceased and several others were engaged
in salvaging disused ropes lying alongside the incline, and at the time of the accident
had a. rope stretched out on the incline for the purpose of lowering the rope by means
of attaching the upper end of the rope to the descending skip, with the freight-car on
the lower end of the rope to supply the necessary tension to control the rope. The rope
was secured at the upper end by means of two sets of clamps. Before the skip was set
in motion the rope slipped through the upper clamps and allowed the rope and freight-
car to run wild down the incline. Three other men who were on the freight-car with
Oldenburg jumped off before it attained a high speed, but Oldenburg remained on the
car until it became derailed, at which point he was thrown off and instantly killed.
The fatal accident which occurred to Frank Reith, hoistman, Britannia Mining and
Smelting Company, Limited, on September 19th was due to electrocution by either
direct or indirect contact with a 500-volt trolley-wire. His work consisted of operating
the service hoist in a shaft that was being raised from the 3,100 level and in handling
the necessary supplies. He had apparently been unloading some shaft timbers from a
flat car at the shaft station when he sustained ah electric shock. The trolley-wire is
7 feet 4 inches above the rail-level and 5 feet 3 inches above the floor of the flat car
from which he was taking the timber. There were no witnesses of this accident and
he was probably shocked some time before being found. When discovered, immediate
artificial respiration was applied but without result.
The fatal accident which occurred to Samuel John Jamen, miner, Pioneer Gold
Mines of B.C., Limited, on October 20th was due to deceased being carried down a stope
when the muck gave way over a hung-up chute. Deceased knew of the hang-up and
had been specifically warned by his shiftboss not to cross the affected area. He disregarded this order and was approximately over the hang-up when it was released by
a bulldoze from below.    The actual cause of death was suffocation.
EXPLOSIVES USED IN MINING.
During 1942, due to the general curtailment of mining, the quantity of explosives
used in British Columbia mines was much reduced as compared with previous years and
consisted of 7,166,000 lb. of high explosives; 2,300,000 fuse blasting-caps; 460,000
electric blasting-caps; 27,750 delay blasting-caps; 1,000 feet of Primacord; and
14,650,000 feet of safety-fuse.
During the year the Inspectors of Mines supervised the removal or destruction of
explosives which had been left at a number of abandoned properties. INSPECTION OF METALLIFEROUS MINES. A 135
AIR-SAMPLING.
A number of air-samples were taken in cases where long single drifts were being
driven, to determine whether carbon monoxide or other noxious gases were present in
dangerous percentages. No dangerous conditions were indicated, although in some
cases augmented ventilation was ordered by the Inspector.
DUST AND VENTILATION.
The ventilating-fans installed at the different mines were all maintained in operation throughout the year and in no case where a fan has been installed for the main
ventilation of a mine has the management considered again depending on natural
ventilation.
It is now fully realized that adequate ventilation, efficiently controlled and directed,
is the chief practical means of reducing the dust-hazard.
FIRST-AID AND SAFETY WORK.
The different Mine Safety Associations maintained safety-work during the year
and did much to encourage safety-work and the training of men in first aid in the
different mining centres, while the safety committees at the larger mines continued to
do their share in carrying on safety education for their fellow employees.
Many of the experienced mine employees have left to join the armed forces and
others to engage in war industries, and their places, in many instances, were filled by
inexperienced men who had to be given safety training and instruction by the safety
engineer and safety committees. While there is an inherent risk in the employment of
new men, there has been no increase in the number of accidents from this cause.  INDEX.
A 137
INDEX.
A.
I
Page.
Abco mines J  31
Accidents in metalliferous mines  132
Coal   98
Acorn (Nelson)    90
Ada, Pioneer Gold Mines at   56
Agate Bay  57
Aiken, Mrs. Wilhemina   35
Aiken Lake (Bull. 1, D. Lay)   38
Ailport, C.   86
Ainsmore Mines, Ltd.
Ainsworth 	
Airport  (Nelson)
Alberni  	
Alberta, coal from .
..26, 71
  71
__ 63
  66
..  98
Allen, A.   118
Allen, G.  .  72
Allenby mill, accidents at   132
Allied Mining and Development Co.   57
Alpine Gold, Ltd 27, 61, 62
Alvenslaben, Alvo von   89
Amalgamation barrel   67
Amelia, McKinney  59
Ames, G. C.   74
Anaconda Smelter, shipments to   71
Anderson, A.   59
Anderson, A. W.   36
Anderson, C.   27
Anderson, C. A.  26
Anderson, J.   63
Anderson, J.   72
Anderson, James J. E.   109
Anderson, John   114
Anderson, M. A.   85
Anderson, 0.   63
Anderson, O.  (Nelson)    27
Anderson Creek (Cariboo)   87
Annie (Trail Creek)   67
Annual Reports available   38
Antimony, production  _•  13
Antler Creek   85
Antoine, dividends   21
Anyox   68
Anyox Metals Co.   68
Apex Siding   60
Arctic lease   84
Arizona (Nelson)   27, 62
Arlington, Erie  (Nelson)  20, 23, 27
Armitage, W.   36
Armstrong, H. S.   92
Armstrong, J. E., G.S.C.   52
Arnevik, Mr. (Atlin)   84
Arrow Lakes area, tungsten  82
Arrow Lake Mining Division dropped .... 34
Arsenic, production of  13
Ashby, Mr.   89
Ashley, R. L. and A. E  89
Assayers' Certificates  33
Athabasca, dividends   20
Tungsten   79
Athelstan (Greenwood)   67
Atkinson, Guy F.   120
Atkin area, tungsten   77
Placer    82
Consolidated M. and S. Co. at   77
Aurora (Fort Steele)   74
Aurum, shipping  28
Aveling Colliery  94, 96, 97
Avison Creek   73
10
B.
Page.
Bailey silica quarry, Consolidated M. and
S. Co. at      92
Baillie, A. S.  68, 121
Baird, H.   111
Baird, W. H.      36
Baker, G. R 1..    88
Baker, W.      89
Ball, J. W.      90
Ballachey, G.      74
Balmer, Thomas   125
B. & K. Placers      86
Banks, H. R.      73
Bapty, Harry ...  110
Barker, P.      84
Barkerville      84
Barkerville Gold Mines, Ltd.      85
Bartholomew, L.      32
Bartlett, R., G.S.C.      52
Barytes, production of     13
Base Metals Mining Corporation  27,    74
Bastin, M.      86
Bater, M. A. and R. L.      85
Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd.  27,    64
Dividends   20,    23
Accidents   132
At Blue Eyes      81
B.B. & M., Bedwell River    66
Beach, H. H., G.S.C "  52
Beal, C.   (Atlin)       83
Beale Quarries, Ltd.    51
Beamish, W    86
Bear (Nelson)   27,    61
Beaton, tungsten at      79
Beaty, J. B.  68, 121
Beaverdell area  :     70
Beaverdell-W ellington, dividends      21
Beaver Pass, Cariboo      87
Beban, F. W.  112
Bedwell River, reference to (Bulls. 8 and
13)   39,    66
Bell (Slocan City)  21,    73
Belmont-Surf Inlet Co., dividends      20
Bennett, A.   112
Bennie, W.  114
Bentonite, production of      13
Berglund, S.  28,    67
Berquist, J.  27,    61
Bethurem, J. L.      35
Bielli, R.      68
Big Missouri Mines Corporation  26,    53
Bia Star, Zeballos     65
Biggs, J., died   114
Biggs' mine, coal (also Victory) 	
 94, 96, 97, 114
Bismuth, production of      13
Black mine, coal   119
Black Bull, Zymoetz River       31
Black Cock (Ymir)  27,    62
Blakiston-Gray, J.         36
Blaylock, S. G.  67,    73
Blezard, J.      35
Bloomer, F. T.      75
Blubber Bay, lime     91
Blue Bell, Consolidated M. and S. Co. at      71
Blue Eyes  (Trail Creek)       81
Board of Examiners  93, 110
Bobier, L,  27,    61
Boe, B.      88 A 138
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Bonacci (Similkameen)
Bonacci, S. 	
Bonar, Rob. B.	
Bond, F.
Boothroyd, W. H.
Bosence, F.
Page.
_ 69
_ 69
__ 93
_ 121
_ 36
_. 32
Bosun, dividends      21
References  27,    72
Boug, G. S     26
Boulder Creek (Atlin), tungsten     77
Consolidated M. and S. Co. at     83
Boulder Creek      63
Bounty      26
Bounty Fraction      71
Boyd, J. A.   111
Bralorne mill for tungsten      79
Ore from Tungsten King .:     79
Bralorne Mines, Ltd.  28,    56
At Relay Creek     76
Mercury      76
Dividends   20,    23
Ground Hog (Arrow Lake)       82
Accidents   132
Bremner, H.      61
Brendal, Mr.      66
Brewer Creek      59
Brick production      13
Bridge River area, reference      55
Tungsten      7 8
Placer      89
Britannia Mining and Smelting Co., reference  - 28,    69
Dividends   22,    23
Accidents   132
B.C. Bridge and Dredging Co.      92
B.C. Cement Co.      91
Brockington, G. A.      53
Brodrick, M  112
Broughton, F.      36
Brown, B. S     57
Brown, C 85,    87
Brown, J.   112
Brown, J. L.      93
Brown, John     35
Brown, James W.  ■-  109
Brown, James M.   110
Browning, C. P.     69
Bruce, D. H     36
Bruggy, G. W 28,    66
Brulotte, Paul N.   109
Buccaneer Mines, Ltd. 28,    66
Buchanan, J. : 67,    73
Buckeye (Ainsworth)      71
Buckham, A. F., G.S.C     52
Buena Vista Mining Co. 26,    53
Buffam, B. S. W '-     71
Bulkley Valley coal 94, 96, 97, 123
Bull, A. E.      55
Bull, H. J     36
Bullhead Mountain, G.S.C. work at     52
Bullion Placers, Ltd.      89
Bulson Creek      66
Bumps  • 107
 27,    81
     54
     86
     92
Bunker Hill, Waneta _
Burnett, W. B	
Burns Lake Gulch	
Burrard Inlet, stone —
Burrard Placers, Ltd.
Burrows, T. 	
Butcher Bench	
Butte City 	
92
87
26
Butterworth, J. V., G.S.C.
Bryant, H. A. 	
Bryden, Thomas 	
Brynelson, B. O. 	
Page.
_ 52
_ 35
... 120
....    57
Cadmium production   13
Cadwallader Creek   55
Calder lease   83
Caldwell and wife  87
Caledonia (Ainsworth)   72
California (Nelson)  27, 61
Camborne, tungsten at  79
Cameron, Arthur   32
Cameron, D. N.   56
Campbell, A. B.   35
Campbell, O. J :  27
Campbell, J.  . 72
Campbell, G.  .  69
Campbell, George   26
Campbell Creek  87
Camp   McKinney,   reference   to   Hedley
Bulletin   38
Canadian  (Slocan)    27, 72
Canadian Belle (Nelson)   61
Canadian Belle Mining Co.   61
Canadian Creek  85
Canadian Collieries  (D.), Ltd.  96, 97
Report by Inspector   111
Canadian Copper Corporation, dividends 22
Canadian Pacific Exploration Co.   20
Canadian Tungsten Co., Pioneer Co. at— 56
Canty Gold Mines (Hedley), Ltd  57
Capella, dividends   21
Capital employed   24
Cariboo area, placer   84
Tungsten     78
Cariboo-Amelia    59
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mining Co. 26, 54
Dividends   20, 23
Accidents   132
Cariboo McKinney Co., dividends   20
Shipping   26
Cariboo Northlands Mining Co., Ltd.   89
Cariboo Scheelite Syndicate   78
Carlson, A.  27, 61
Carroll, A. H  109
Carruthers, R. B.   114
Carter, Henry   36
Cartmel, J.   36
Cascade Sand and Gravel Co.  92
Cassidy coal  94, 96, 97, 113
Caufield, Bernard   125
Cave-Browne-Cave, Genille, report as Provincial Analyst  33
Cawder lease  (Atlin)    84
Cayote (Nelson)   64
Cechelero, J.   27
Cedar Creek (Quesnel) ..—,  89
Cement production   13
Central Zeballos mine  28, 65
Centre Star (Trail Creek), dividends __ 20
References  27, 67
Chambers, R. H. ...                              -.-109, 112
Chambers' mine, coal
Chance lease (Atlin)
Chapman, Wm.	
Charlton, C. P	
Charlton, W. 5. 	
-94, 96, 97, 112
  83
  125
_     69
  57 INDEX.
A 139
Cheetham, Ben. 	
Chemical laboratory, work of year
Chenowith, E. J.  -	
Chinaman Lake 	
Chisholm, A. M. ...
Chouse, J.
Page.
... 120
_    33
— 56
— 52
_ 36
....    86
Christensen, P.      91
Christie, Yalakom River      77
Christie, John  115
Christie, Mrs. R. E.      36
Chromite, reference to G.S.C. field-work .    52
Cimolini, Cyril (Siro)  109, 110
Cimolini, Primo   109
Clark, L. D 62,    77
Clarke, J. A.      63
Clarke, Mrs. J. J.      36
Clay and shale production  13,    90
Clayburn Co., Ltd.      90
Clayoquot Mining Division     34
Clayton, B. L.      31
Clemens, W. R.      73
Cliff, Consolidated M. and S. Co. at Trail
Creek      81
Clifford, W.   113
Climax, Hedley ■       58
Clough, W.      73
Clubine, L. R.      27
Clubine-Comstock Gold Mines Co. ......27,    63
Clubine, tungsten       ...        81
Cluff, Mr.  -_    26
Clydesdale lease     83
Coal Analysis (Bull. 14, by Dickson)   .....    39
Coal mines, report by James Dickson     93
Coal mines, labour and employment      98
" Coal-mines Regulation Act "  _    50
" Coal Sales Act "  .  109
Coal from outside Province      98
Coal-dust   106
Coal production  13,    19
Coal Creek Colliery 94, 96, 97, 128
Coalmont, placer      89
Coast Quarries, Ltd.     92
Coates, Frank   114
Cochrane, James  110, 115
Cochrane, W. H. .__ 1     36
Cockfield, W. E., G.S.C _._    52
Coggins, John   109
Coke production  12, 19, 124
Cold Spring mine  96, 94,    97
Coleman, L. S.      36
Collieries of East Kootenay      95
Collieries of Nicola      94
Collieries of Vancouver Island     94
Collin, R. S.      36
Collieries products, list of registered coals 109
Colly, J :  114
Columbia Development, Ltd.      82
Columbia Kootenay (Trail Creek)       67
Comfort, R. I. C.     55
Commotion Creek, G.S.C. work at ___:     52
Comox coal  94, 96,    97
Computation method      11
Concentrators (see also Mills) :
Hedley Mascot     57
Euphrates      60
Congdon, W. B.      53
Connell, F. M.      65
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co..—    28
Shipping mines      26
Dividends   21,    23
Bailey silica quarry      92
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co.—
Continued. Page.
Big Missouri   53
Blue Bell .'.  71
Boulder Creek  (Atlin)    83
Coal on Discovery Creek, Omineca   124
Emerald   80
Fife lime-quarry  91
Gallo     80
Clubine    81
Highland (Ainsworth)   71
Lucky Boy (Trout Lake)   '.  79
Molly (Nelson)    77
Pinchi Lake :  75
Red Rose  (Omineca)   78
Rossland properties  67
Slate Creek (Omineca)   84
Sullivan mine   73
Tungsten Queen   78
Tungsten in Atlin .  77
Takla Lake, mercury   76
Silver Creek  (Omineca)    76
Consolidated Nicola Gold Fields, Ltd.   57
Coolidge, O. H  57
Cooper, L.   115
Copper production   13
Copper Cleft  (Hedley)    58
Copper Mountain (Similkameen)    68
Accidents   132
Copper-zinc deposits  70
Corbett, G.   118
Corbin Colliery   131
Cordillera  (Greenwood)     32
Coreau, J. L.   88
Cornell, dividends   22
Cotterell, E. M.   28
Cottonwood River   88
Cotwood Tertiary Mines, Ltd.   88
Coulter Creek   86
Couper, R. G.   36
Couverapee, dividends   21
Cow Mountain   54
Cowan, T. G.  .".  62
Cranbrook area   73
Crawford, E. P  62
Creeden, J. J.   57
Croker lease   83
Crow's  Nest Pass  Coal  Co., Ltd., dividends  22, 23
Cummings, Mrs. L.  35
Cummings, J. M.  29, 38
Cummings, W. C.   90
Cunliff, T.   121
Cunningham Creek  86
Cup, Topley   31
Curtis, J. B.   61
Curwen, S.   36
D.
     36
     36
     71
  109
     78
  110
  120
     84
Deeks Sand and Gravel Co.     92
Deer Home coal mine  94, 96, 97, 112
Deer Park, tungsten     82
Dainard, C. J. 	
Dalgleish, D. 	
Dalgleish, W. C. -..
Davidson, H. McL.
Davis, A. W. 	
Dean, Alex 	
Dean, Andrew 	
Dease Lake area 	 A 140
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Page.
Delia Falls   67
Dentonia   26
Dentonia Leasing Syndicate  26
Dentonia Mines, Ltd.   59
Department of Mines Office, Vancouver.. 34
" Department of Mines Act "  48
Dewdney, W. R  36
Dewis, H. V.  27, 72
Diamond, R. W.  67
Diamond Vale Colliery (see Merritt Coal
Mines, Ltd.).
Diatomite production   13
Dickson, C. W  36
Dickson, James, Inspector of Mines  93
Dinera  (Ainsworth)    71
Dingle, W. B„ G.S.C  52
Dines, S.  1  114
Dinsdale, Wm.   124
Ditmars, W. C.   64
Dividends paid   20
Dockrill, F. M. and A. H.   123
Dodd, L. A  36
Dodge, H. E  55
Doell, H. E  63
Donaldson, M. C.  36
Doney, E 28, 72
Donovan Creek placers   87
Doody, J.  85
Dore, R. F., G.S.C.   52
Dorrell, R. J. A.  .  35
Douglas, W. C  58
Drag-line mining (Bull. 16)    39
Drag-line placer   83
Dream lease  (Atlin)    82
Dundee  (Nelson)     62
Dunlevy Creek, G.S.C. work at   52
Dunlop, J. R. V.   54
Dunlop, T.   85
Dunn, W. M. H  36
Dunnigan, R.   118
Dunsmore, A.   115
Durango (Nelson)  27, 63
Dust at Sullivan mine  74
In metal mines   135
Duthie mine  26, 31, 54
Dividends   .  21
Dyer, J. C.   85
E.
Eagle Creek (Nelson)
Eassie, W. H	
Eastman, J. H. 	
Eberling, 0. P. 	
Ebert, Henry R. 	
Edwards, J. A. 	
Egdell, J.
  61
 .  84
  82
  58
  109
  74
  36
Eight-mile Lake  (Cariboo)    85
Ekeblad, H.   72
Electricity in mines   24
Coal mines   104
Elise Mountain   62
Elk River Collieries   130
Elleston Syndicate   60
Elliott, W.   65
Ellis, W. E. S  65
Elmes, H. S  68
Emerald (Nelson), tungsten   80
Dividends   21
Emily Creek  73
Page.
.... 53
—    55
Emison, J. C. 	
Emmons, E. F.	
Emory Gulch  .  85
Endersby, A. (Sr. and Jr.)  ,  27
Ennerdale Placers   86
Enterprise (Slocan)   27
Erickson, C.   70
Erie Creek  64
Euphrates (Nelson)   60
Eureka, Thornhill Mountain   31
Evenson, E.   36
Ewart, Thos.   125
Ewart, W :  118
Ewers, K. G.   26
Explosives    51, 101, 134
Extension Colliery  94, 96, 97, 112
Fagan, P. S. 	
Fairfoull, James
Fairfoull, Robert
F.
  ill
  118
  118
Fairly, James  121
Fairview Amalgamated Co., dividends .... 20
Falck, E. M  87
Falkland, gypsum   90
Farrell, R. A.   35
Farris, W. B.   57
Fawn (Nelson)   64
Felker, I. I.   87
Fennell, G. M.  __. 36
Ferguson, J. A.  .— 27
Fern  (Nelson)   27, 61
Dividends   20
Fiddick Collieries   109
Field Mountain   74
Fife, lime   91
Fink, B  87
Finley, H.   36
Fireclay production   13
First aid, coal mines  135
Fisher, Mr.  (Atlin)   31
Fisher, A.   35
Fisher, N.   83
Fleury, A.   85
Florence Silver, dividends  21
Fluorspar production   13
Flux, limestone, quartz   13
Flux for Trail, Bailey silica   92
Fontaine, J 27, 72
Foote, D. E.   66
Forman, H. D.   74
Forster, H. H.   26
Fort St. James area   75
49 Creek (Nelson) -  90
Forsyth, A.  27, 72
Foster, Miss J.   35
Fowler, Samuel   109
Francis, David M.  120
Franklin Camp  59
Fraser River (Bull. 11)   39
Fraser River, manganese   75
Fraser River, Lillooet   89
Fraser River Placers, reference to Lay
Bull. 3   38
Frater, George  113
Free Gold, Tofino      31
Freeman, F. W.      86
" Free Miners' Exemption Act "      50
Freeze, A. G.      36
J INDEX.
A 141
French Creek Placers
Fresu, C. and F. 	
Frew, W. 	
Friberg, C. 	
Fritz Brothers 	
Fry, T.
Page.
- 85
- 64
- Ill
- 89
....    59
Fuel and electricity      24
Fuller, C.      86
G.
Gabriola Island 	
Gabriola shale quarry _.
Gachin, J. P. 	
Gadda, C.
Gadsden, Percy 	
Galena Farm Consolidated Mines, Ltd...
Gallo  (Nelson) 	
Gallo, Joe '.	
90
90
26
87
35
72
80
82
Galloway, John Davidson, obituary      4
Gammon, A. O., G.S.C     52
deGanahl, F.      84
Gane, G. B     36
Garrett, J. G.    35
Garver, H. A.      53
Gauthier, H. E.  26,    71
Gayer, R. B     70
Gem Gold Mines, Ltd.  64,    77
Geological Survey of Canada     51
Geology Applied to Prospecting     38
George, W.      77
Gerloch, H.   113
Germansen Creek      84
Germansen Mines, Ltd.      84
Germansen Ventures, Ltd.      84
Gerrullo, W     89
Gething, Quentin F.   122
Gething Colliery 94, 96, 97, 122
Gibbs, Mr. (Atlin)      84
Gibson, J. L.      31
Giegerich, J. R.  _:     73
Gill, Wm.   109
Gillham, John   119
Gilley Brothers, quarry     92
Giron, Roy L.  ;   109
Glover, Francis   118
Goat Creek (Omineca), coal on  123
Golac, B.  27,   62
Gold purchasing      29
Placer 13,    82
Lode production      13
Gold Commissioners' Office Statistics     37
And Mining Recorders, list of      35
Gold Belt Mining Co 63,    27
Dividends   . 20,    23
Accidents   132
Gold Drip (Trail Creek)      60
Gold Hill, shipping  27,    64
Gold Run (Atlin)      84
 27,    60
     76
     66
     31
Goodenough, reference to      62
Dividends    20,    21
Goodenough Leasing Syndicate      27
Goodwill lease (Atlin)      83
Gook, E. J. ---     55
Gormley, G. S     79
Gormley, L. P.  27,    63
Gormley, L. J.      61
Golden Age (Nelson) 	
Golden area	
Golden Deer, Bedwell River
Golden Eagle, Topley
Gould, Alfred	
Gourley, Robert
Grace, R. H.
Page.
... 93
-. 120
...    56
Graham, Charles, Inspector 93, 123
Graham, W. E.   36
Granby   Consolidated   Mining,   Smelting
and Power Co., Ltd.  22, 23
At Phoenix  26, 67
Copper Mountain   68-
Coal-mining   94, 96, 97
Grand Forks, lime  •_  91
Copper  67
Area   59
Granite Falls quarry   92
Gra,nite-Poorman (Nelson)   27, 61
Grant seam, coal, Aylard   123
Gray, A. B  36
Great Central Lake  67
Gregory, William   126
Greenhorn, J.   111
Greenwood area   59
Copper    67
Silver-gold-lead   68
Grimwood, G. H.   60
Ground Hog, Bralorne at  82
Grouse Creek (Cariboo)    85
Guernsey, F. W.   55
Guess, H. A  53
Gunn, J. J.   85
Gypsum production  13
At Falkland   90
Gypsum, Lime and Alabastine, Canada,
Ltd.   90
H.
Haahti, J. 	
Haddock, A. 	
Hagan, W. 	
Haggen, R. W. 	
Haigh Placer 	
Haile, Joseph J. 	
Hall Creek 	
Hall Mines, dividends
Hallett, G. H	
Haluss, Fred. ...
Halvorsen, G.
  31
  75
  31
  60
  89
  93
  61
  22
  35
  109
 . :...... 85
Ham, A. M. ...          73
Hamlin, E. W.   118
Hamilton, R.  1__ 91
Hamilton, Robert   112
Hamilton, W. S.   65
Hanna, J. A.  .  81
Hannah, A.  111
Hansen, C. A.  64
Hansen, Ellsworth B.  109
Hansen, R.   63
Hansen, N. M.   86
Hanson, G. A.   27
Harrison, C. V.   32
Harrison, E.   36
Harrison, G.   88
Harvey, George   114
Harwill, W. E.   35
Hasbrouck, J.   88
Hassard, R. H.  .  36
Hat Creek Colliery  94, 96, 97, 119
Haukedahl, E. P.  . 79, 80
Hawes, T.   71
Hawley, C. E. and L. R.   61
Haylemore, W.  35, 36, 89 A 142
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Hazelton area, tungsten
Page.
....    78
Consolidated M. and S. Co. at  78
H.B., dividends   21
Hebson (Cariboo)   78
Hedley, E. L.   36
Hedley, M. S  29
Hedley Camp   57
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd. 	
 .,-,..20, 23, 26, 57
Helme, F.   72
Henderson, J. F., G.S.C.   52
Henderson, J.   60
Hennessy, T.   32
Henry, Mr. Norman  35
Herd, William   115
Herman, J.  26, 31, 54, 63
Herman, M.   61
Herridge, N. A.   36
Hewitt  (Slocan)   27, 72
Heycock, W. J  109
Heyes, E.  .  111
Hicks, W.  27, 73
Hidden Creek, Anyox  68
Higgs, F. A  90
Highland, Consolidated M. and S. Co. at 71
Highland Bell, Ltd.  26, 70
Dividends   . 21, 23
Highland Lass, dividends   21
Highland Sand and Gravel Co.   92
Highland Surprise Gold Mines, Ltd...-26, 60
Hill, G. H.   35
Hill, H. L  66
Hilton, A.   121
Hind, H.   . 86
Hodges and partners (Atlin)   84
Holland, Mr. (Cariboo)   85
Holland, S. S.   29
Holmstrom, E.   72
Homestake, Agate Bay, Kamloops  57
Homestake, Grand Forks   60
Homeward Mines, Ltd.  28, 65
Hong, W.   86
Honsberger, A. H.  72
Hope  (Slocan)    72
Horwill, W. E  35
Horn Silver, dividends  21
Hougen, Dr.   87
Houlind, O.
Houseman Creek
Howard, J. L.
 26, 71
  86
  73
Howard (Nelson)   63
Howells, J. O.   77
Huckleberry Creek   62
Hudson, G. V. F  88
Hudson, A. S  91
Hughes, E. R.   93
Hughes, Hamilton C.   93
Hulcross Mountain, G.S.C. work at  52
Hume, C. B  58
Hummingbird   26
Hummingbird (Grand Forks)   59
Hunstone, R.   66
Hunter, C. F  63
Hutton, E.   89
Hydraulics in Cariboo   84
Hydraulic mining, reference to (Bull. 15) 39
Hydromagnesite   deposits,   reference   to
(Bull. 4, Cummings)   38
Idaho Alamo, dividends
Indium, production of
Page.
- 21
13
Inland   94, 96, 97, 118
Inspection of coal mines   111
" Iron and Steel Bounties Act"   49
Iron Mask (Trail Creek)    67
Iron Mountain, Emerald, dividends   21
Reference   55, 88
Iron oxide, production   13
Irving, W. B.  .  35
Island Mountain Co., dividends  20, 23
Reference   26
Ivanic and partners   83
I.X.L.  (Trail Creek)    60
Hedley   58
Shipping   28
Dividends :  20
J.
Jack and Jack      73
Jackson,  dividends      21
James, H. T.  '. 55,    66
Jason Mines, Ltd.      81
Jessie (Nelson) also Victoria     61
Jessie and Victoria     27
Jessiman, A.      90
Jewel Lake    59
Jewel-Denero, dividends      20
Jingle Pot Collieries  109
Johannson, K.      85
John,  F.    113
Johnson, C. E.  26,    67
Johnson, O.      59
Johnstone, F.   111
Johnstone, W.   114
Jones, A. G.   115
Jones, D.   121
Jordon, Thomas  .  111
Jorgensen, K.      60
Josephine  (Ainsworth)       7l
Josie  (Trail Creek)      67
Jukes, A. E.      63
Jumbo (Nelson), shipping 28,    80
Jumbo (Trail Creek)      60
K.
Kabatoff, A.
Kalamalka
.26, 89
.26, 59
Kamloops area  57
Kanaly, E. K.  66
Kane, F.   83
Kaslo area   68
Kaufman, A. R.  82
Keithley Creek   88
Keller, J.  .  61
Kellogg Smelter, shipments to 71, 73
Kelly, A. W.  26, 54
Kelly, E.   118
Kelowna Exploration Co.   80
At Jumbo  (Nelson)    80
At Payne  ...  72
References  26, 58
Dividends   20, 23
Kennedy, R. W  60
Ketch, Ltd. ... 86
Keystone   (Nelson)
.27,    64 INDEX.
A 143
Keystone Mountain —
Khee Khan Creek 	
Kicking Horse	
Kilgard, clay 	
King, H. B.
Page.
......    64
.-- 87
..27, 74
—- 90
     87
King Gething Coal Co 94, 96, 97
Kirkham, A  112
Kissam, W. A.   58
Klemen, J. S. and S. J 26, 59
Knight, P. F.  :  65
Knowlton, W. F.   36
Koeye River Limestone Co., Ltd.  91
Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd. ..27, 63, 72
Dividends   20, . 23
Kootenay Florence   71
Kootenay Lake area   64
Kwoczek, A. L.   31
Krenke, Richard Alex.   109
Kong Foo Creek  (Cariboo)    87
L.
Lafe group
32
Lake Creek (Cariboo)  :  87
Lake Road mine, coal  94, 96, 113
Lakes, Arthur   72
Lakes, Harold   80
Lang, E.   88
Langford, K. K  87
Langford Mines, Ltd.  87
Lantzville Colliery   109
Lardeau area, tungsten  ^  ■  79
Larsen Gulch  (Cariboo)   88
Larsen, H.   31
Lashmar, A. T.   36
Last Chance, dividends   21
Lavington   59
Lawrence, Stanley J.   110
Lea, C. W. and H  84
Lead production  10, 13
Leasing Syndicate of I.X.L.   28
LeFevre, H. J.  27, 81
Lemon Creek, reference to  (Bull. 7)   39
Lenora, Victoria   70
Leonard, L. D. and A. A.   119
Le Roi, dividends   20
Le Roi No. 8, dividends   20
Le Roi (Trail Creek)   67
Letain, F.   66
Lewis mine, coal  94, 96, 97, 109, 113'
Lightning Creek   86
Lila mine, coal  94, 96, 97, 113
Lillooet area, placer   89
Lime production   13
Limestone, Koeye   91
Grand Forks   91
Texada Island   91
Vancouver Island   91
Pacific Lime Co.   91
B.C. Cement Co.   91
Van Anda   91
Beale quarries   91
Fife    91
Lind mine, coal, see Princeton Tulameen.
Lindsay, W. R.  68, 73, 121
Linquist, R. E.  61
Lins, B. A.   60
Liphardt, A. C.   26
Lipsey, G. C.   69
Little Keen (Nelson)   81
Page.
Little Snowshoe Creek  55
Tungsten   78
Little Valley Creek . 85
Littler, James   125
Little, R.   115
Livingstone, Mr.  (Quesnel)    89
Livingstone Mining Co.  (Nelson)   27, 61
Lloyd, T.   121
Lode-gold deposits   53
Logan, J. (Nelson)   27
Logan, J. and T.   61
Logan, R. A.   64
London Ridge  _.  72
Lone Bachelor, dividends   21
Lone Mountain, G.S.C. work at   52
Lord, C. S., G.S.C.   52
Lome, dividends   20
Lorntzsen, E.   79
Lost Creek, molybdenum   77
Lost Creek, Gallo   80
Clubine Tungsten   . 81
Lost Creek Placer Gold, Ltd.   84
Lost Group (Nicola)    69
Loudon, W  113
Loudon, coal  94, 96, 97, 113
Love, E  31
Lovett Creek   87
Lowhee Mining Co.   84
L.T.  (Slocan City)   27, 73
Lucille  (Skeena)    :  31
Lucky Boy  (Trout Lake)   79
Tungsten, Consolidated M. and S. Co. - 79
Lucky Jim  27,.   71
Dividends   21
Lucky Strike lease  _'.  84
Lulu  (Stewart)     32
Lundberg, G.   79
Lunn, E.  C.   35
Lyle Creek   60
M.
McAllister, dividends  21,    72
McArthur, J.        111
McArthur, W. E.  26, 59, 60, 67,    68
McArthur Gulch          85
McCann,  Thomas        112
McCarthey, J. F., Estate  59
McConnell, N.  E.          65
McCorkell, R. C.     62, 65,    84
McCourt, T.     ....       ■ 112
McCready, G. E.        ... 26
McCullum, W. A.  _-_       92
MacDonald, C.       ... 36
McDonald, Miss E.   118
McDonald, J.     67
MacDonald, John      93
McDonald, J. F        36
McDonald, R. C, G.S.C.          52
McDonell, J.        26
McDougal, Mrs. M.      35
MacDougall, Joseph G     109
McDougall, R.     .. 86
McDowell, V.   63
McElroy, C. A.      36
McFarlane, Mr.      66
McGillivray Creek     .....        89
McGowan, Mr.      . 85
McGusty, R. M.      36
Mclntyre, J. E.   35 A 144
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
McKay, Ivan A.
McKay, Wm.
Page.
..... 26
..... 126
McKee Creek  (Atlin)        84
McKellar, J.   113
McKem, H. A.      90
McKendrick, A.   121
McKinney Camp      59
McLean, W. E.      35
McLearn, F. H., G.S.C.      52
McLeod, Mrs. M. B.      35
McMillan, D.   111
McNay, Carmichael   128
McPherson, C. A.      85
McPherson, F. H.      53
Mabyso Placers .....     86
Machine-mined coal   102
Maconachie, R. J.  ,     29
Magnesium production  .     13
Magnesium sulphate production      13
Major (Rossland)      81
Malcolm, P.      87
Malich, M.      63
Malone, W. B.  :     74
Mammoth (Slocan)  27,    73
Mandy, J. T.  29,    30
Manganese, Williams Lake     75
Manning, C. M.      56
Manson, M. A.      84
Manson Creek      84
Maple Leaf, Warn Bay      66
Marble Bay, dividends      22
Marleau, F.      84
Marr, C. E.      63
Marrs, J  112
Marshall, James H.   125
Marushko, Anany   109
Mary Creek      88
Maryhill Sand and Gravel Quarries      92
Maxwell, Alf.   114
Maxwell, W     36
Mascot, Hedley     57
Mason, E. E.      80
Mason, R. P     66
Matheson, C. D     35
Matheson, D. N.      56
Mathews, W. H.      29
Mattson, D.      83
Mayfield, E. W.      35
Mercer, J. W.      58
Men employed     25
Mercury production 10,    13
Bull. 5 referred to _     38
Pinchi Lake      75
Red Eagle      77
Relay Creek      76
Silver Creek      76
Takla Lake .1     76
Tyaughton Creek     76
Yalakom River      77
Mercury mine, dividends      21
Mercurial poisoning      76
Meredith-Jones, J. H.     35
Merritt Coal Mines, Ltd.   120
See also Middlesboro.
Metalliferous Mines Inspection   132
" Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act ". -    49
Metal-mining in British Columbia (Bull.
17)       39
Metal prices, 1942      14
Metals Reserve Corporation  71,    73
Meteor, dividends      21
Page.
Methane detection  105
Miard, H. E., report as Inspector 92, 124
Mica, production of     _    13
Michaud, J. A.      31
Michel Colliery  94, 96, 97, 125
Midan, Mr.      85
Middlesboro Collieries  94, 96, 97, 118
Midnight (Rossland)  28,    60
Midnight Mines, Ltd.  _     28
Milburn, George      _.    35
Mills, Allenby      68
Buccaneer      66
Emerald, tungsten   80
Gold Belt     63
Kootenay Florence      71
Mammoth      73
Monarch      75
Privateer      65
Providence  __        67
Sheep Creek Gold Mines Co.      63
Spud Valley      65
Sidlivan      73
Velvet       68
Whitewater      72
Ymir      62
Ymir-Yankee Girl     62
Zincton  _■_     _.    71
Millar      89
Miller, W. H., G.S.C.   52
Mine-air samples
Mining industry 	
Mines, tonnage and value
Mines, shipping
105, 135
  10
  24
  26
  42
  38
" Mineral Act," synopsis 	
Mineral wool, report re 	
Mineralogieal Branch, report  29
Mining Divisions amalgamated   34
Mining laws of British Columbia, synopsis   42
Mink Gulch (Cariboo)   85
Mitchell, James A.   93
Moffley, C. K.      .. 54
Mohr, C. M.   71
Molly, Salmo, Consolidated M. and S. Co.
at    77
Molly B., Stewart   31
Molybdenum deposits   77
Molybdenite, reference to  (Bull. 9)    39
Molybdenum, Molly  77
Lost Creek  (Nelson)    77
Monarch  _"_ 27, 74
Monitor, Ajax, dividends   21
Monkman Road area, G.S.C. reference to 52
Monroe, C. L.   36
Moore, J. C.   57
Moore, J. D.  35
Moore, W  85
Moreby, R.   89
Morey, P. C.   72
Morlock, W. S  74
Morgan, Dan.   114
Morgan, Irving   126
Morning Star   73
Morrel, L. G.   62
Morrell, M. S.   35
Morris, N.  27, 62
Morris (Slocan City)   73
Motherlode  (Nelson)   64
Dividends   20
Mountain Chief  27
Mountain Con, dividends   21 INDEX.
A 145
Page.
Mount Zeballos Gold Mines, Ltd. 	
 20, 23, 28,    65
Moyie Lake      74
Mulcahy, P. J.      36
Muncaster, Mrs. F.     35
Munn Creek      71
Munro and partners      83
Murphy, G.      86
Murray, George  120
Murray, W. J.  .     66
Musketeer Mines, Ltd.  28,    66
N.
Neen, J. 	
Nelson area _
Tungsten ..
Placer 	
Nelson, Mr. ...
Nelson, I. G. .
Nelson, M. A.
Nelson, W. I.
Ill
60
79
90
83
72
60
121
Nelson Consolidated Mines, Ltd.,' at Noble
Five    72
Nelson Island, stone   92
Nelway area, tungsten   81
Nevada Mountain  .'.  80
Newbury, A.  112
New Denver   72
Newon Manganese Mining Co., Ltd.   75
Newmarch, C. B  29
New Springfield  .  72
New Westminster area, quarries  90, 92
Nichol, Richard   93
Nichols, Charles   36
Nicholson, G.   36
Nickel Plate, dividends   20
Accidents   132
References   58
Nicola area   69
Nidd, M. E., G.S.C  -52
Nimmo, J.   113
Noble B., Bedwell River  31
Noble Five-, dividends   21
Reco Mountain Base Metals Co. at  72
Noland, John W :  82
No Name placers   87
Norcross, A.  ..... 61
Nordholm, G.   60
Norman, H. L.   36
North, W. E.  . :. 85
North Star, dividends   21
Northern Resources, Ltd.  83
Norton Creek .  88
Nugget (Nelson)  27, 64
Nugget Gulch   86
No. 1  (Trail Creek)   67
Dividends  21
o.
O'Brien, M. M.
O'Brien, R. 	
O'Donnell, M.
  53
  115
  63
O'Grady, B. T.  29, 38
Ogsdon, George   35
Ohman, Mr. (Atlin)   83
Okanagan area, molybdenum   77
Olander, Oscar   35
Oldfield, F. A.   88
Page.
Olsen, Mr.  (Atlin)   31
O'Neail, D. B.  27, 73
O'Neil, B.  (Nelson)    61
O'Neil, W.   83
Oral M., Stewart  31
Oscar Creek   62
Oscarson, R. O 27, 64
Osoyoos, molybdenum  77
Ottawa  27, 73
Dividends    21
Tungsten   79
Otter Creek (Atlin)   84
Pacific Coal Mine 94, 96, 97, 113
Pacific Lime Co.      91
Pacific Mills, paper, limestone to     91
Packwood, George  123
Packwood Colliery  94, 96, 97, 123
Paramount Mines, Ltd.      28
Parker, Joseph  •_  109
Parlee, R. J., G.S.C.     52
Parsons, W.   109
Paterson, J. A.     64
Patty, E. N .     83
Payne, Kelowna Exploration at      72
Dividends      21
Payne Ridge     72
Peace River coal   122
Peerless      26
Pellegrini, A.           72
.27,    72
Pengalli, B.
Penny, S. M. and C. -                        ....26, 59
Perks, B. E.   68
Peterson, H. E.   72
Peterson, T.   85
Phillips, E.   78
Phoenix  (Rossland)   28, 67
Pickard, T. P.   65
Pike, J. A.   55
Pinchi  Lake,  mercury,   Consolidated  M.
and S. Co. at   75
Pine Creek (Cariboo)  83, 88
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd.   55
Reference  :.  28
Yanks Peak   55
Fort St. James   56
Canadian Tungsten mine  56
Snowshoe Mountain   56
Accidents   132
Dividends  . 20, 23
Pitcher, R.   55
Pitre, R. A.   66
Placer Engineers, Ltd.         88
" Placer-mining Act," synopsis
  42
Placer-mining in British Columbia, notes
by officers   38
Platinum production   13
Pleasant Camp   32
Plommer, H. R.   111
Poker lease  83
Polaris-Taku Mining Co., Ltd.  26, 53
Poorman (Nelson), dividends  20, 61
Poquette, W. F.  ■ 86
Porky (Nelson), tungsten :  80
Port Mann, gypsum treated at  90
Portland Canal area, copper  53, 68
Pottery production   13
Preface   1  9 A 146
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Page.
...   53
Premier Border	
Premier Gold Mining Co., Ltd., at Stewart
(Nelson)   79
Dividends   20
Price, L. J  36
Prident Mine, Ltd.   65
Prince Rupert, stone at  92
Princess Royal Island  54
Princeton, placer  68, 89
Princeton Tulameen Coal Co. -94, 96, 97, 120
Privateer Mine, Ltd.  28, 65
Dividends 20, 23
Production tables  13, 14
Progress notes  53
Prosecutions   108
Prospect coal mine 94, 96, 97, 112
Prospectors' sets of minerals  41
Providence  (Greenwood)   26, 68
Dividends  21
Providence Mine Syndicate  26
Pugsley   54
Q.
Quatsino Mining Division dropped      34
Queen, John   114
Queen (Nelson)       63
Dividends      20
Queen Bess, dividends      21
Quesnel River      89
Quinn, James A.   114
R.
Rallin, Mr. 	
Rambler Cariboo, dividends
Randall, E. G. _
Ray, H.
89
21
53
89
Reco Mountain Base Metals Mines, Ltd.,
at Noble Five   72
Dividends  .  21
Red Gulch (Cariboo)   85
Red Mineral (Ainsworth)   72
Red Rose   78
Reed, J. R.  -....  59
Reed, R. L.   54
Rees, J. V.   35
Reese, R. D.   85
Reid, S. H. J  90
Relay Creek area  .  76
Mercury   76
Bralorne Co. at   57
Relief-Arlington Mines, Ltd.   64
Dividends 20, 23
Rennell Sound group   32
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd.
Dividends 	
Shipping 	
Rescue-stations  	
Retallack 	
Rice, Mr., Hope
Rice, H. M. A., G.S.C.
Richardson, A. B. 	
Richmond, A. M. 	
Riley, J. E	
Riley, W. ...
Riondel
Riprap, etc., production
Riseberg, C. 	
Rita, Bedwell River 	
.28, 64, 65
 20, 23
  27
  108
  60
  28
  52
  109
.......110, 124
 67, 73
  76
  71
  13
  87
  66
Rivers, Mr., Hope 	
Robb, A. 	
Roberts Mountain 	
Robertson, Thomas 	
Rocher Deboule, tungsten
Roddis, A. E. _
Rogers, J.
Roper, W.
Page.
... 28
... 36
- 60
... 114
.... 78
... 35
... 63
... Ill
_ 71
.... 54
— 77
— 85
... 27
- 77
Rose, H. A.	
Rose, R. R. 	
Rosebery, molybdenum	
Ross, Mr.   (Cariboo)  	
Ross, S. N. 	
Rossi furnace, mercury 	
Rossland area, tungsten	
Rossland Properties 	
Rover Creek 	
Rover Creek Mining Co.	
Rowbottom, Thomas 	
Ruchon Creek      88
Ruth (Slocan)      72
Ruth-Hope Mining Co.     27
Dividends                21
Rutherford, C.   70,    81
.60, 67,    81
     28
     62
     62
  118
S.
Safety-lamps  103
Salaries and wages  24
Sally, dividends   21
Salmo, reference   63
Molybdenum  77
Tungsten   80
Salmon River (Portland Canal)   53
Sam, Mathew  31
Sampling plant, Prince Rupert   30
Sand and gravel production   13
S andon   72
Sangdang Placers   86
Sargent, Hartley .  29
Savery, W. H.   85
Scarlett, J. P  36
Scheelite at Bralorne   56
At Nicola   57
Scheelite   78
See also tungsten.
Schley, E. B. 	
Schwartz, T.	
Schwarz, W. 	
Schwarzenhauer, B.
Seaman, W. D.	
Seamon, H. W. _
Seaton, A. W.
     69
     76
     26
     60
  120
 :   55
     68
Second Relief, dividends 20,    23
Sehl, R.      85
Selby, W.      81
Serek, Stephan   109
Sharpe, R. F.      89
Shaw, George, G.S.C.      52
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd 27, 63,    71
Accidents   132
Dividends  20,    23
Shepherd Creek     85
Sherwood, W. J.      67
Sherwood (Alberni)      67
Sherwood Mines, Ltd.      28
Shields,  Thomas   114
Silbak Premier Mines, Ltd.  26,    53
Accidents   132
Dividends i 20,    23 INDEX.
A 147
Page.
Silica sand, reference to report 38, 92
Silver production   13
Silver-lead-zinc mines   70
Silver Bear (Ainsworth)    72
Silver Creek (Omineca), mercury at  76
Consolidated M. and S. Co. at  76
Silver Ridge 27, 72
SUversmith, dividends   21
Silverton   72
Silver Valley quarry   92
Similkameen River area  57, 68
Sinclair, G. M.   55
Sinke, R.   81
Sitkum Creek  61
Skinner, L. G.   35
Skogland, 0.  .  31
Slade, W.   88
Slade Placers, Ltd.   87
Slate production  ..... 13
Slate Creek (Omineca), Consolidated M.
and S. Co. at   84
Slater, W. J  64
Slemko, Michael   109
Slocan area  60, 71
Slocan Boy, Kelowna Exploration at   72
Slocan City  73
Slocan Silver Mines, Ltd.   72
Dividends    21
Slocan Star, dividends    21
Smart, R. K.   111
Smelter for tin, Sullivan  74
Smith, Bert F  53
Smith, C. Finch  60
Smith, H. E.   65
Smith, H. R  61
Smith, John W  114
Smith, L.   66
Smither, Mr.   26
Smithers Mines, Ltd.   54
Smyth, A. E.  _  77
Sneddon, R.   36
Snowshoe Gold Mines, Ltd.   55
Sodium carbonate production  13
Somerville, A.   115
South  Wellington  Colliery  94, 96, 97
Spanish Creek   89
Spectrograph, use of, in laboratory  33
Speed, H. W.   35
Speers, Mr.  .  89
Spence, H. N.   52
Spence, J. W., G.S.C.  .  52
Spencer, Victor   55
Spivak, J., G.S.C.   52
Spokane  (Ainsworth)    71
Spokane-Trinket, dividends  21
Springer Creek   73
Spruce Creek  (Atlin)    82
Spruce Creek Mining Co., Ltd.  82
Spruce Creek Placers, Ltd.   83
Spud Valley Gold Mines, Ltd 28, 65
Dividends   20, 23
St. Elmo (Trail Creek)   81
Consolidated M. and S. Co. at   81
St. Eugene Mining Corporation  74
Dividends   21
St. Eugene Extension   74
Standard (Slocan)   27, 73
Standard Silver Lead, dividends   21
Stanley  86
Staples, R. B  70
Staples, R. V  70
Starveout (Greenwood)
Statistical tables 	
Steele, W. B.
Page.
.26,   67
.     11
35
Steenson, R. J., obituary notice        4
Sterna, B.      61
Stevens, H. H. ...      57
Stevenson, J. S.
Stewart, J. A.
Stewart, Dr. J. S., G.S.C.
Stewart, J. W. 	
Stewart, G. P. 	
Stewart, R. H 1	
Stewart (Nelson), tungsten
Premier Company at 	
Stewart Creek, tungsten
.29, 31
__ 36
....... 52
.  32
....... 72
.  57
....... 79
79
79
Stewart Canal Gold Mines, Ltd.      31
Stockton, R. P.      65
Stone, building, production  ..     13
Stone, sand, and gravel     92
Stoney Creek (Trail Creek)     81
Stork      32
Stouts Gulch      85
Strand, J.  .     87
Strang, J.      93
Stronach, C.   114
Stronach coal mine  94, 96, 97, 114
Stump Lake area      57
Suckling, A. P.      36
Sukunka River, G.S.C.      52
Sullivan      73
Sulphur production       13
Accidents   132
Summit Creek  (Nelson)      64
Sundberg, M.      87
Sunnyside, Hedley     58
Sunlight lease  „_._    82
Sunset and Trade Dollar, dividends      21
Sunset No. 2, dividends      20
Surf Inlet Consolidated Gold Mines Co.
 26,    54
Dividends  20,    23
Accidents   132
Surprise Lake (Atlin)      83
Surprise Lake Mining Co.      83
Surtees, Edward   114
Sutherland, J.     .    .. 112
Sutton, W. A    62
Sweet, W.  (Atlin)   .     84
Sydney, Allen      35
T.
Tacoma, shipments to  69
Tai Lee Placers  86
Tait, D. S.   65
Takla Lake, chromite  52
Reference    76
Placer   84
Taku River, lode gold  53
Talc production   13
Taylor, A. C.   56
Taylor, F.   78
Taylor, James   120
Taylor, W. G.  .  36
Telkoal Company  124
Texada Island 64, 91
Thistle (Alberni)   66
Thompson, C. C.   36
Thompson, F. R.   71
Thompson, J.   77 A 148
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1942.
Thompson, R. 	
Thomson, E. M. 	
Thorp, T. J. 	
Three Forks 	
Tidewater Molybdenum Co.
Tillen, J. M.  ....
Tin production	
Sullivan 	
Tingle, C. N. 	
Tin Horn 	
Tipping, C. W. 	
Toad Mountain __
Tovell, Mr.
Trant, W. F. C	
Traynor, J. H. 	
Trehouse Placers, Ltd.
Tremaine, C. W. S.
Page.
... 66
... 70
... 35
... 72
... 31
- 79
-.. 13
.... 74
... 36
... 26
.... 73
... 61
_ 77
- 35
.... 73
- 86
- 57
Trimetal Mining, Inc.  27, 60
Trinket (Ainsworth)   71
Trout Lake area   79
Tulameen River  94, 96, 97, 120
Placer   89
Tulsequah River   53
Tungsten, reference to (Bull. 10)   37
Production    13
Acorn  (Nelson)    90
Gallo (Nelson)  .  80
Jumbo (Nelson)   80
Emerald (Nelson)    80
Little Keen  81
Bunker Hill .  81
Lucky Boy, Trout Lake   79
Athabasca  (Nelson)    79
Venango  (Nelson)     79
Stewart (Nelson)   79
Porky  (Nelson)    80
Ore shipments to Ottawa   79
United Victory   79
Tungsten deposits in British Columbia  77
Atlin   77
Cariboo   77, 78
Hazelton    78
Lardeau   79
Reid River   78
Salmo   80
Trout Lake  79
Ymir    79
Nelson   79
Cariboo Scheelite Syndicate   " 78
Tungsten Queen, Consolidated M. and S.
Co. at  57, 78
Tungsten King  57, 79
Turnagain River . 39
Turner, F.   58
Twin " J "   70
Two-bit Creek   85
Tyaughton Creek, tungsten   78
Mercury   76
Tyee Consolidated Gold Mining Co.  70
See also Twin " J " Mines Co.
Tyler, P. P  90
Tyng, S. T  58
Tyrer, E. G  82
u.
Union (Grand Forks)  26, 59
U.S. Smelting and Refining Co  73
United Victory   79
Universities and libraries  39
Upton, A. H. 	
Utica, dividends
Page.
.26, 59
..-.   21
V.
Van Anda Quarries
Vancouver 	
Vancouver (Greenwood)
Vancouver area 	
Stone and gravel
Vancouver Granite Co.
Vancouver Island	
Lime 	
Copper-zinc
.  91
.  26
-  59
..-- 69
._  92
..... 92
.65, 91
.... 91
70
Vandergrift, E. J.      77
V. and G., molybdenum      77
Van Winkle : :     87
Vaughan, J. H.      .... 114
Vear, R. E.      54
Velgo Mining, Inc.     68
.28,    68
Velvet (Trail Creek) 	
Velvet Leasing Syndicate  28,    68
Venango Gold Mines  61,    79
Ventilation, coal mines   105
Ventures, Ltd.      68
Vernon area      59
Victor (Slocan)   28,    72
Victoria (Nelson)                 61
Victory Coal Mine  94, 96, 97, 114
Vik, Mr. (Atlin)      82
Voygeur  (Ainsworth)       68
Waddington, Dan.
Waite, J. H. 0. ....
Wakelam, W. 	
Walbank, J. 	
Waldie Creek 	
Walker, Dr. J. F.
Walker, Robert ___.
Wallace, R. D.
w.
  114
  74
  114
 : 114
  63
  38
  115
  68
Wallace Mines, dividends   21
Wallace Mountain   70
Walsh, R.   72
Waneta Gold Mines, Ltd.   81
Wanke, E.   59
War Eagle (Trail Creek)   67
Dividends    20
War Metals Research Board   1Q
Warn Bay  66
" War-time Coal-mine Employment Act " 50
War-time Metals  Corporation, tungsten
at Emerald   80
At Kootenay Florence   71.
" War-time Prospectors' Grub-stake Act " 50
Washington (Slocan)   72
Dividends  21
Whittaker, W. C.   125
Wickenden, R. T. D., G.S.C.   52
Wihksne, C.  -  89
Wilcox (Nelson)  27, 62
Wilkie Creek, tungsen   79
Williams, C, lime   91
Williams, C.   115
Williams, J. F.   86
Williams, J. S  115
Williams, R., Topley   31
Williams Creek   85
Williams Lake, manganese   75 INDEX.
A 149
Willow River  (Cariboo)    87
Wilson, G. H.   56
Wilson, Hartley P.   125
Wilson, H. T.   64
Wilson, Joseph  111
Wilson, M  61
Wilson, S.   76
Wilson, Thomas M.   121
Windermere Mining Division ceased  34
Windpass Gold Mining Co.   26
Wolframite  (Atlin)    31
Wolframite (see also tungsten)   77
Wolverton, A. N  89
Woods, Frank   114
Wood, J. M.   65
Wright Creek (Atlin)    84
Wukelich, J. P.   26
Y.
Yalakom River, Bralorne Co. at
Mercury
Yankee Boy (Grand Forks)
57
77
59
Page.
Yankee Girl Leasers  27, 62
Yanks Peak, Pioneer Co. at   55
Ymir  (Nelson)     62
Ymir, town   62
Ymir area, tungsten  79
Ymir Centre Star (Nelson)   63
Ymir Consolidated Gold Mines, Ltd.   62
Ymir Creek   62
Ymir Gold Mines, dividends   20
Ymir Leasers   27
Ymir Yankee Girl Co., dividends  20, 23
Reference  62
Yuill, G.  . 79
Zeballos 	
Zeballos area 	
Zinc tailings treated
Zinc production 	
Zincton 	
Zincton Mines, Ltd.
-27,
65
38
62
13
71
71
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1943.
2,125-543-4696   I

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