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PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH SIXTY-EIGHTH REPORT OF VITAL STATISTICS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1942

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 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH
SIXTY-EIGHTH REPORT
OP
VITAL STATISTICS
OF   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR THE YEAR 1939
PRINTED BY
AUTHOKITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1940.  Victoria, B.C., December 1st, 1940.
To His Honour E. W. Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Report on Vital Statistics in the Province
of British Columbia for the year 1939.
G. M. WEIR,
Provincial Secretary. Provincial Board of Health,
Victoria, B.C., December 1st, 1940.
The Honourable G. M. Weir,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the  Sixty-eighth Report on Vital  Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
G. F. AMYOT,
Provincial Health Officer.
Division of Vital Statistics,
Victoria, B.C., December 1st, 1940.
G. F. Amyot, Esq., M.D., D.P.H.,
Provincial Health Officer, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the  Sixty-eighth Report on Vital  Statistics in the
Province of British Columbia for the year ended December 31st, 1939.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. T. MARSHALL,
Director of Vital Statistics. Henry Esson Young, B.A., M.D., CM., LL.D.
Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages,
June 1st, 1916, to April 1st, 1939.  INTRODUCTION.
This is the Sixty-eighth Report on the Vital Statistics of the Province of British
Columbia, and covers the calendar year January 1st to December 31st, 1939.
The report is divided into two sections, the first dealing with administration, legislation,
major advances, relationships with other Departments of the Executive Government of the
Province, changes in policy, and other activities of the Division of Vital Statistics.
The second section deals solely with the statistical analysis of actual births, deaths, marriages, adoptions, and divorces which occurred in the Province during 1939.
The administrative positions in the Division are consolidated under a Director of the
Division; an Inspector of Vital Statistics, who has complete supervision of the field staff
and who deals with problems arising in registration-work under the " Vital Statistics Act,"
" Adoption Act," and " Marriage Act "; and a Statistician who is Acting Director when
occasion arises and who has supervision of the statistical staff and the preparation of the
various reports.
DEATH OF DR. H. E. YOUNG.
The Division of Vital Statistics joins with the other Divisions of the Provincial Board
of Health in expressing their deep sorrow at the passing of Dr. Henry Esson Young, on
October 24th, 1939.
Dr. Young was an inspiration to every member of his staff. His delightful personality
and kindly consideration made him beloved and respected by all who had the good fortune to
be associated with him.
To the staff of the Division of Vital Statistics Dr. Young was more than Provincial
Health Officer. Known affectionately as " The Chief," he was for many years Registrar of
Births, Deaths, and Marriages. In 1911 he effected the transfer of the registration of births,
deaths, and marriages from the Attorney-General's Department to the Provincial Board of
Health. In the succeeding years he furthered the interests of registration and enlarged the
scope of this branch of public-health activity to become the " workshop " of public health
and, through his efforts, in 1939 it was created a Division of Vital Statistics.
RETIREMENT OF MR. H. B. FRENCH.
On April 1st, 1939, Mr. H. B. French retired from the Provincial Civil Service after
nearly twenty-seven years of service to the people of British Columbia. For nineteen years
Mr. French held the position of Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in the
Provincial Board of Health, having succeeded the late Mr. Munroe Miller on May 1st, 1920.
During his term in office the registration of births, deaths, and marriages in British Columbia
has grown under his guidance from a small registry office so that he left at his retirement
the foundations for a well-balanced Division of Vital Statistics, responsible for not only the
registration and administration of the " Vital Statistics Act " and " Marriage Act " but for
the statistical service in collection and analysis of statistical material and for the establishment of strict control over all the record systems within the Board of Health.
In the field of classification of causes of death, we in British Columbia feel that Mr.
French had no peer in his careful and diligent application to one of the most contentious
phases of Vital Statistics work. During his years of service he had endeared himself to
his superiors and inferiors alike by good clean sportsmanship and cheery co-operation and
by his ever-ready kindly advice in personal matters to the members of his staff.
As one who had been associated with Mr. French for over twenty-two years it is the
personal regret of the Director that he will not be with us officially to see the fruition of
those things he had pioneered during the past twenty years, one of the most outstanding of
which was the new indexing procedure by means of mechanical tabulation, which was
instituted in January, 1938, and which has revolutionized the filing and indexing of the
registrations.
To Mr. French are extended the sincere thanks and best wishes of the entire staff of
the Division of Vital Statistics, trusting that he will be spared many years to enjoy his so
richly-earned retirement. C 6 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
With the retirement of Mr. French the position of Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths,
and Marriages was abolished and, on April 1st, 1939, Mr. J. T. Marshall was appointed
Director of the Division of Vital Statistics and Supervisor of Mechanical Records within the
Provincial Board of Health.
Mr. Marshall entered the Civil Service of British Columbia twenty-three years ago and
has served the Provincial Board of Health in Vital Statistics for the past twenty-two years.
On April 1st, 1929, he was appointed Inspector of Vital Statistics, a position which he held
continuously until his present promotion.
To the District Registrars of Births, Deaths, and Marriages and all officers of the
Provincial Police our thanks are again due for their unfailing efforts in building up the
registration system in British Columbia.
The Director wishes to express his personal thanks to all officers of the staff of the
Provincial Board of Health, and to the members of the staff of the Division of Vital Statistics
his deep appreciation for their courtesy and co-operation.
ERRATA.
(Vital Statistics Report, 1934.)
Page W 10:   Japanese deaths from Tuberculosis should read " 35 " instead of " 41."
(Vital Statistics Report, 1938.)
Page J 13, paragraph 5: The total number of certificates issued free of charge to the
Child Welfare Branch, 1938, should read " 132 " instead of " 122."
Page J 13, Table A: See this year's Report, Table A, for correct figures for Divorces
and Total Registrations filed for 1938 and previous years.
Page J 14, in the paragraph re Japanese registrations, line 2: "as against 571 in 1938 "
should read " as against 571 in 1937."
Page J 15, Table C: The total number of Doukhobor births registered in 1937 born in
1935, should read " 56 " instead of " 36."
Page J 18, in the paragraph re registration of Divorces, line 2: " During the year 1938,
643 decrees were filed " should read " During the year 1938, 647 decrees were filed." %
JSSsw
H. B. French, M.A.  (Cantab).
Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages
May 1st, 1920, to April 1st, 1939.  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Introduction  5
Death of Dr. H. E. Young  5
Retirement of Mr. H. B. French  5
Table of Contents  7
ADMINISTRATION SECTION.
DIVISIONAL ACTIVITIES.
General Office Routine  13
Population  13
Summary of Registration  13
Summary of Registration among the Oriental Races  14
Summary of Registration among the Indians  15
Doukhobor Registration  15
Delayed Registration of Births  17
Fraudulent Registration  17
Statutory Notations entered  17
Legitimation of Birth  17
Registration Districts  18
Registration of Adoptions  18
Registration of Divorces  18
Registration of Baptisms and Burials  18
Marine Registry  19
School-teachers' Returns under the " Vital Statistics Act "  19
Registration of Ministers and Clergymen  20
Our Contribution to Canada's War Effort  22
Organization of the Division of Vital Statistics  23
Secrecy of Documents  23
Revision of Fees  23
Legislation:
" Vital Statistics Act "  23
" Marriage Act "  23
Change of Name requires Legislative Control  23
Indexing by the " Punch-card Method "  25
Punch-card Accounting  26
Special Registration Form for Still-births  26
The Need for a Vancouver Section  26
Census Tracts for Vancouver and Adjacent Municipalities  27
Tabulation Section  27
Provincial Board of Health:
(a.)  Division of Vital Statistics  27
(6.)   Division of Tuberculosis Control  28
(c.)  Division of Venereal Disease Control  28
(d.)  Medical Inspection of Schools  28
Provincial Secretary's Department:
(a.)  Welfare Field Service  28
(6.)  Child Welfare Branch  28
Codes  29
Co-operation with the other Divisions of the Provincial Board of Health  29
Form Register  29
Monthly Bulletin  29
Death of Mr. William R. Tracey  30 C 8 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
STATISTICAL SECTION.
PART 1.
Summary.
Natality: PAGE.
Actual Births  35
Birth-rate  36
Natural Increase  37
Still-births  37
Mortality:
Mortality Groups  37
Death-rate  38
Age and Sex Mortality  39
The Leading Causes of Death in British Columbia L  40
The Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups, other than Indians  41
(a.)  Deaths, including Indians  42
(6.)   Deaths, other than Indians  43
Mortality from Notifiable Diseases  44
Mortality from Accidents  45
Infant Mortality  46
Maternal Mortality  48
Mortality from Tuberculosis  50
Mortality from Cancer  50
Marriages  51
Marriage-rate .   52
PART 2.
Tables of Births, Deaths, Marriages, Adoptions, and Divorces in
British Columbia, 1939.
Table 1.—General Summary of Births, Deaths, and Marriages in the Province of British
Columbia by Census Divisions, Cities, and Village of 1,000 Population and over, 1939..    54
Births.
Table 2.—Births  (exclusive of Still-births)  by Months classified as Rural and Urban in
each Census Division, British Columbia, 1939     55
Table 3.—Total  Live  Births  and  Live  Births  in  Institutions  showing the  Number of
Mothers Non-resident in British Columbia, 1939     56
Table 4.—Births   (exclusive of Still-births)  to Resident and Non-resident Mothers and
Births in Institutions in Cities of 5,000 Population and over, British Columbia, 1939... 56
Table 5.—Births  (exclusive of Still-births)  classified as Legitimate or Illegitimate for
the Province and Cities of 5,000 Population and over, British Columbia, 1939     57
Table 6.—Plural Births classified to show Number of Children Born Alive and Still-born
by Sex, British Columbia, 1939     57
Table 7.—Births   (exclusive  of   Still-births)   classified   according  to  Ages   of  Parents,
British Columbia, 1939     58
Table 8.—Births   (exclusive   of   Still-births)   classified   according  to   Racial   Origin   of
Parents, British Columbia, 1939     59
Table 9.—Births (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplaces of Parents,
British Columbia, 1939     60 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939. C 9
Infant Mortality. Page
Table 10.—Deaths of Children under One Year   (exclusive of Still-births)   by Months,
classified as Rural and Urban in each Census Division, British Columbia, 1939     61
Table 11.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions of Children
under One Year of Age, showing the Number Non-resident in British Columbia, 1939    62
Table 12.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions of Children
under One Year of Age, classified according to Residence of Decedents in Cities of
5,000 Population and over, British Columbia, 1939     62
Table 13.—Deaths of Children under One Year   (exclusive of  Still-births)   by Age at
Death, British Columbia, 1939     63
Table 14.—Deaths of Children under One Year of Age (exclusive of Still-births), classified according to Racial Origin of Decedents, British Columbia, 1939     63
Table 15.—Deaths of Children under One Year of Age (exclusive of Still-births), classified according to Birthplaces of Parents, British Columbia, 1939     64
Table 16.—Deaths of Children (exclusive of Still-births) from certain Specified Causes
in First Year of Life, by Sex and Calendar Month of Death, British Columbia, 1939        65
Table 17.—Deaths of Children  (exclusive of Still-births)  from certain Specified Causes
in First Year of Life, by Sex and Age at Death, British Columbia, 1939     66
General Mortality.
Table 18.—Total Deaths  (exclusive of Still-births)  and Deaths in Institutions showing
the Number Non-resident in British Columbia, 1939     67
Table 19.—Total Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) and Deaths in Institutions, classified
according to Residence of Decedents in Cities of 5,000 Population and over, British
Columbia, 1939     67
Table 20.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) by Single Years of Age and by Age-groups,
British Columbia, 1939     68
Table 21.—Deaths   (exclusive  of  Still-births)   classified  according to  Racial  Origin  of
Decedents, British Columbia, 1939     70
Table 22.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplace of Decedents, British Columbia, 1939     71
Table 23.—Deaths (exclusive of Still-births) classified according to Birthplaces of Parents
of Decedents, British Columbia, 1939     72
Table 24.—Causes of Death by Sex and Age, British Columbia, 1939     73
Table 25.—Causes of Death for each Sex by Conjugal Condition, Nativity, and Month of
Death, British Columbia, 1939     86
Table 26.—Causes of Death by Sex and Age, Vancouver, 1939   101
Table 27.—Causes of Death for each Sex by Conjugal Condition, Nativity, and Month of
Death in Vancouver, 1939  111
Table 28.—Causes of Death by Sex in Census Divisions, British Columbia, 1939  123
Table 29.—Causes of Death by Sex in Cities and Village of 1,000 Population and over,
British Columbia, 1939  132
Marriages.
Table 30.—Marriages by Months for British Columbia, 1939  144
Table 31.—Marriages, Conjugal Condition of Contracting Parties, British Columbia, 1939 144
Table 32.—Marriages, Ages of Bridegrooms and Brides, British Columbia, 1939  145
Table 33.—Marriages, Denominations of Contracting Parties, British Columbia, 1939  146
Table 34.—Marriages, Birthplace of Bridegrooms and Brides, British Columbia, 1939  147
Table 35.—Marriages, Literacy of Bridegrooms and Brides in British Columbia, classified
by Birthplace, 1939  ^4g
Birth and Death Tables for Indians.
Table 36.—Births of Indians   (exclusive of Still-births)   by Months,  British  Columbia,
1939  14g
Table 37.—Births of Indians (exclusive of Still-births) classified as Legitimate or Illegitimate, British Columbia, 1939  148 C 10 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Page.
Table 38.—Births of Indians   (exclusive of Still-births)   classified according to Ages of
Parents, British Columbia, 1939  149
Table 39.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year   (exclusive of Still-births)  by
Months, British Columbia, 1939  150
Table 40.—Deaths of Indian Children under One Year (exclusive of Still-births) by Age
at Death, British Columbia, 1939  150
Table 41.—Deaths of Indian Children  (exclusive of Still-births)  from certain Specified
Causes in the First Year of Life, for each Sex, British Columbia, 1939  151
Table 42.—Total Deaths of Indians (exclusive of Still-births) by Months, British Columbia, 1939  151
Table 43.—Deaths of Indians  (exclusive of Still-births) by Single Years of Age and by
Age-groups, British Columbia, 1939  152
Table 44.—Causes of Deaths of Indians by Sex and Age, British Columbia, 1939  153
Table 45.—Deaths of Half-breeds in British Columbia, from certain Causes of Death,
1939  159
Adoptions.
Table 46.—Adoptions, British Columbia, during each Month of 1939, and the Monthly
Totals from May, 1920, to December 31st, 1938, and December 31st, 1939  160
Table 47.—Adoptions by Year of Court Order and Sex of Children, and adopted by Man
and Wife, by Man only, and by Woman only, British Columbia, 1939  160
Table 48.—Adoptions by Year of Court Order and by Sex and Legitimacy of Children,
British Columbia, 1939  160
Table 49.—Adoptions by Birthplace of the Children, British Columbia, 1939, and as at
December 31st, 1938, and December 31st, 1939  161
Divorces.
Table 50.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage, by the Time elapsed between
the Marriage and the obtaining of the Decree  (in Years only), British Columbia,
1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, and 1939  161
Table 51.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage, showing the Number of
Children affected by the Award of Custody and by Sex, British Columbia, 1935,
1936, 1937, 1938, and 1939  161
Table 52.—Decrees of Dissolution and Nullity of Marriage by the Month filed and by the
Sex of the Petitioner, British Columbia, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1938, and 1939  162 ADMINISTRATION SECTION
BEING A NARRATIVE ACCOUNT OF THE ACTIVITIES
OF THE
DIVISION OF VITAL STATISTICS
during the year
1939  DIVISIONAL ACTIVITIES.
GENERAL OFFICE ROUTINE.
The year 1939 saw a terrific load placed on every Division of Vital Statistics throughout
Canada. This was brought about mainly through the outbreak of hostilities in Europe and
the need for Canada to apply regulations and measures for defence purposes. The United
States also began a systematic check on the standing of all its citizens, with the result that
a great demand for birth and marriage certificates has come from south of the international
border. However, even with the added load, we have been able to consolidate our position
with regard to some of the improvements and the extension of services which we have made
during the past few years and we have, within limited means, been able to introduce a number
of further improvements in the administration of the Division of Vital Statistics.
There was an increase in correspondence, both coming into the Division and going out,
the former being 19,016 letters as against 17,745 for 1938, and the latter 20,231 letters as
against 18,637 for the previous year. Revenue-producing searches made during the year
numbered 8,503 as against 8,397 for 1938, while revenue-producing certificates issued
numbered 8,377 and 7,842, respectively, for the two years. The revenue collected in the
central office of the Division at Victoria amounted to $10,714.97, as compared with $8,264.16
for 1938 collected under the " Vital Statistics Act," while revenue collected under the
" Marriage Act" amounted to $3,986 as compared with $1,115 for the previous year, a total
revenue of $14,700.97 as against $9,379.16 collected in the previous year.
The total revenue collected for the whole Province for the fiscal year April 1st, 1939, to
March 31st, 1940, was $51,586.72, an increase of $11,712.42, or 29.4 per cent. Of this,
$15,344.72 was collected under the " Vital Statistics Act " and $36,242 was collected under the
" Marriage Act." The previous fiscal year produced a total revenue of $39,874.30 (Vital
Statistics, $12,577.80;   "Marriage Act," $27,296.50).
The number of monthly returns received from the District Registrars of Births, Deaths,
and Marriages, Indian Agents and Supervisors of Hospitals, for 1939, amounted to 2,112 as
against 2,033 for 1938. There was an increase of 95 in the number of monthly reports
received from various hospitals in the Province. This off-sets the decrease of 63 which was
apparent last year and is the result of a closer check being kept on the hospitals during 1939.
The total number of certificates issued free of charge to various Departments of the
Executive Governments of the Province or the Dominion of Canada, by virtue of section 33
of the " Vital Statistics Act," upon application in writing, totalled 8,937 for the year 1939
(Immigration Branch, Department of Mines and Resources, 74; Mothers' Allowances, 1,201;
Old-age Pensions, 2,512; Pensions and National Health, 723; Child Welfare Branch, 284;
and Department of National Defence, Canada, 4,143) as against 4,490 for the year 1938
(Immigration Branch, Department of Mines and Resources, 115; Mothers' Allowances, 1,349;
Old-age Pensions, 2,084; Pensions and National Health, 810;  and Child Welfare Branch, 132).
Co-operation with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics in the matter of forwarding copies
of all registrations of births, deaths, and marriages for the compilation of national vital
statistics continued during the year, and we are much indebted to the Bureau for the assistance they have given this Division.
POPULATION.
The population of the Province for the census year 1931 was 694,263. Estimates by the
Dominion Bureau of Statistics for the following years are: 1935, 735,000; 1936, 750,000;
1937, 751,000;   1938, 761,000;   1939, 774,000.
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION.
The total registrations filed in the Division of Vital Statistics for the year 1939 numbered
29,736, an increase of 1,266 over 1938 and an increase of 6,104 over 1935.    Table A summarizes C 14
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
the total number of registrations of live births, deaths, marriages, still-births, adoptions, and
divorces for the five-year period 1935 to 1939, inclusive:—
Table A.
Year.
Live
Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
Still-births.
Adoptions.
Divorces.*
Total.
1935.. 	
1936...  	
1937 	
1938
10,987
11,186
13,033
13,812
13,176
6,927
7,254
7,981
7,455
7,626
5,020
5,465
6,232
6,158
7,897
232
236
254
259
279
183
80
109
134
150
283t
463
536
652
608
23,632
24,684
28,145
28,470
1939 	
29,736
I
* The figures for registrations of divorces include judicial separations, Court orders filed with action dismissed,
and Court orders filed with action withdrawn.
t Act in force May 1st, 1935.
Table B shows the total number of registrations, including Indians, filed with the Division
of Vital Statistics during the year ended December 31st, 1939, distributed according to the
statistical areas:—
Table B.
Area.
Living Births.
Deaths.
Marriages.
365
1,155
1,036
6,271
1,914
74
414
77
168
320
130
6
8
164
7
2
182
882
1
164
333
384
4,149
1,336
35
262
22
61
117
49
5
6
84
7
2
46
557
7
143
Area 2  	
355
446
4,717
Area 5 A     	
1,421
28
194
36
55
117
42
Area 9 a.   ....	
4
1
89
3
1
Totals, year 1939  	
13,176
7,626
7,897
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION AMONG THE ORIENTAL RACES.
Chinese.
The total number of Chinese live births registered during the year ended December 31st,
1939, was 127—males 60, females 67. Chinese children born alive and registered in the year
1939 numbered 107—males 52, females 55. The balance—8 males and 12 females—were born
prior to the year 1939. There was 1 still-birth. The number of Chinese deaths registered
during the year 1939 was 265—males 253, females 12—as against 243 in the year 1938.
Deaths from tuberculosis, 41—males 38, females 3; from cancer, 31—males 28, females 3.
Deaths of children under 1 year of age, 3—males 2, females 1.
Japanese.
The total number of Japanese live births registered in the year ended December 31st,
1939, was 489—males 241, females 248—as against 559 in 1938. The number born alive and
registered during the year 1939 was 441—males 219, females 222—as against 500 in the year
1938.    Registrations of children born prior to 1939 numbered 48.    Still-births 11—males 4, VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 15
females 7. Registrations of deaths numbered 127—males 92, females 35—as against 139 in
1938. Deaths of children under 1 year of age, 22—males 13, females 9. Deaths from tuberculosis, 18—males 13, females 5;  from cancer, 8—males 7, females 1.
SUMMARY OF REGISTRATION AMONG THE INDIANS.
The total number of registrations of live births of Indians for the year ended December
31st, 1939, was 882—males 457, females 425—including 6 males and 3 females born outside
the Province. Registrations of deaths numbered 557—males 276, females 281, including
2 males and 2 females dying outside the Province. Still-births 6—males 4, females 2.
Deaths of children under 1 year of age numbered 138—males 72, females 66. Deaths from
tuberculosis, 195—males 101, females 94; from cancer, 14—males 3, females 11. Marriages
registered, 196. DOUKHOBOR REGISTRATION.
In accordance with instructions received in May, 1937, the Division has continued the
registration of Doukhobor births in co-operation with the Provincial Police. During 1937,
1,241 births were registered, being 631 males and 610 females; while during 1938, 802 births
were registered, being 395 males and 407 females; and during 1939, 194 births were registered, 95 males and 99 females; making a grand total of 2,237 registrations filed, after full
investigation by the Provincial Police and a special officer appointed for the purpose of
investigating these births.
It will be seen that there has been a considerable decrease in the number of registrations
of Doukhobor births which has affected the total number of registrations filed in the office.
Table C shows Doukhobor births registered during 1937-38-39 by actual year of birth
and sex of child. „
Table C.
Year of Birth.
1937.
1938.
1939.
Grand
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
1907    	
1
4
11
16
17
21
14
17
17
25
26
23
17
15
19
19
20
19
28
28
37
22
21
40
22
33
30
34
35
1
6
8
12
19
21
14
10
17
20
29
18
15
13
12
34
15
33
29
36
35
24
22
29
33
30
26
16
33
2
10
19
28
36
42
28
27
34
45
55
41
32
28
31
53
35
52
57
64
72
46
43
69
55
63
56
50
68
3
4
2
5
9
6
6
12
10
16
11
12
12
7
13
13
10
21
15
22
15
13
17
14
22
16
10
17
23
39
1
2
4
4
11
9
2
8
11
11
12
9
12
15
7
12
12
12
13
22
24
14
21
24
17
17
19
16
31
35
4
6
6
9
20
15
8
20
21
27
23
21
24
22
20
25
22
33
28
44
39
27
38
38
39
33
29
33
54
74
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
4
1
2
1
5
4
1
1
1
1
5
15
44
1
2
1
1
2
4
1
3
4
2
2
1
2
4
1
4
2
5
6
1
1
5
12
32
2
2
1
1
5
1
5
1
5
5
3
6
2
4
4
1
4
1
7
4
6
1
6
2
2
10
27
76
2
1908...	
1909            	
6
1910             	
16
1911        	
27
1912 - -
1913            	
38
57
1914        -   	
62
1915    - -	
37
1916... -	
1917           -
52
56
1918         -
77
1919         	
83
1920         	
65
1921	
62
1922 	
52
1923  —
55
1924	
82
1925         	
68
1926	
85
1927  	
89
1928           	
109
1929    - - -
118
19i30   _ 	
77
1931   	
87
1932   -	
108
1933       	
100
1934      	
96
1935            	
87
1936    	
85
1937   .'-.
132
1938   - - -
101
1939       	
76
Totals 	
631
610
1,241
395
407
802
95
99
194
2,237 C 16
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Table D shows Doukhobor births registered during 1937-38-39 by place of birth and sex
of child.
Table D.
1937.
1938.
1939.
Place of Birth.
Home.
Institut-
tion.
Total.
Home.
Institution.
Total.
Home.
Institution.
Total.
Total.
M. 1 F.
1
M.
F.
M.
F.
[
M. I F.
1
M.
F.
1
M. t F.
1
M. I F.
1
M. 1 F.
!
1
M. I F.
1
1
5
2
2
1
1
3
	
1
2
1
1
10
2
4
2
407
4
201
5
1
.....
5
1
5
367
3
223
1
3
1
1
3
10
1
1
3
1
1
17
58
1
20
.....
1
64
20
.....
	
......
7
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1,562
3
5
4
2
1
5
1
16
1
2
2
1
IS
1
7
1
3
7
1
New Denver 	
..... | ......
l|_
2|     4
..... [ ......
4[     4
278   281
1
2|     4
1| -
921   97
1
5
18
Trail.-	
5
366
1
?
2J      2
Unorganized _ 	
406
278
1
1
92
281
2
97
[   58
1
64
1,455
671
al     1
 |     8.
|   21|   20
I        1
 1      li	
 1      1|	
1        1
 |      11 --
1        1        1
 Ml     1
Spallumcheen _	
Unorganized   _.
201
222
1
654
2
1
1
1
Victoria  _  	
Area No. 8a._ _ __	
.....
1
1
1
1
Totals       .
619
602
121      7
1
6311 610 378| 386
!             i
17|   21
1
395] 407
791    85
1
16|    14|    95|   99
1         1         1         1
2,237
Table E shows Doukhobor births registered during 1937-38-39 by birthplace of parents
and sex of child.
Table E.
Part A.
Birthplace of Father.
1937.
1938.
1939.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female
Total.
1
35
9
1
259
3
1
321
1
30
9
1
1
262
12
295
1
65
18
1
2
521
15
1
616
1
21
4
194
2
173
1
25
3
1
209
2
1
166
46
7
1
403
4
1
339
1
18
2
47
21
7
1
10
46
36
6
1
28
2
93
57
13
2
139
27
1
Ontario   	
Quebec.   - -
Saskatchewan- —	
1
2
1,017
19
Poland           ..     	
1
1
Russia- _	
Not stated  -	
1,012
15
Totals	
631
610
1,241
395
407
802
95
99
194
2,237 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 17
Table E—Continued.
Part B.
Birthplace of Mother.
1937.
1938.
1939.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
49
7
1
278
9
287
1
48
8
1
279
17
265
1
97
15
1
1
557
26
543
38
2
207
2
146
43
5
208
6
145
81
7
415
8
291
27
47
1
20
26
43
30
53
90
1
50
1
231
Manitoba 	
22
1
Ontario 	
1
1,062
35
884
Totals -	
631
610
1,241
395
407
802
95
99
194
2,237
DELAYED REGISTRATIONS OF BIRTHS.
The number of delayed registrations of births investigated and subsequently ordered
registered showed a large decrease from those for the year 1938, which was attributed to the
fact that the number of delayed registrations of Doukhobor births dropped from 667 to 93.
The total number of delayed registrations of births ordered for the year after full investigation was 622 as against 1,248 for 1938, which is a return to almost normal. Four hundred
and eighty-three of these registrations were completed upon payment of the registration
fee of $2, thereby realizing a revenue of $966, an increase of $26 over 1938.
One hundred and thirty-nine registrations, including the 83 Doukhobor registrations, were
accepted free of charge by virtue of a special Order in Council—an officer of the Crown, in
the discharge of his duties, having certified the parents as being in destitute circumstances
or in receipt of public assistance.
FRAUDULENT REGISTRATION.
During 1939 the Division continued its efforts to clear up any known cases of fraudulent
or improper registrations of births. During the twelve months we disposed of fourteen cases
under section 13 of the " Vital Statistics Act."
As previously pointed out, most cases of fraudulent registration arise from the unmarried
mother's efforts to hide the stigma of illegitimacy in attempting to protect the child born out
of wedlock.
The following shows the number of hearings over which the Registrar presided during the
year, pursuant to section 13 of the " Vital Statistics Act ":—
Date. Hearings.
February 3rd, 1939  1
February 7th, 1939  1
April 3rd, 1939  1
April 18th, 1939  1
June 14th, 1939  1
August 28th, 1939  1
September 30th, 1939  1
Date Hearings.
October 20th, 1939  1
November 14th, 1939  2
December 13th, 1939  1
December 21st, 1939  2
December 27th, 1939  1
Total  14
STATUTORY NOTATIONS ENTERED.
During 1939 there were 545 notations entered pursuant to the provisions of the "Vital
Statistics Act," upon registrations which had been previously filed, as against 432 for 1938.
These were for corrections of errors and alterations of Christian or given names only.
LEGITIMATION OF BIRTH.
There were 33 births of children born out of wedlock legitimated after the marriage
of their natural parents during 1939, as against 27 during 1938. In each case a new registration was filed showing the child as legitimate from birth, after complete investigation by the
Division.
2 C 18 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Our chief problem in these cases is to locate the parents of the children and acquaint
them with the provisions of the Act. We are, however, indebted to the various welfare
agencies, both private and public, for their co-operation in helping us get in touch with
these people.
REGISTRATION DISTRICTS.
In July, 1939, it was suggested to the Division of Vital Statistics that an office for the
registration of births, deaths, and marriages, and the solemnization of marriage and the
issuance of marriage licences be established at the mining town of Zeballos, in the north end of
the Registration District of Clayoquot, on the west coast of Vancouver Island. After due
consideration a suboffice was opened at Zeballos and placed in the charge of the Provincial
Police, the constable in charge being appointed Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths, and
Marriages, pursuant to section 25 of the " Vital Statistics Act," and a Marriage Commissioner, pursuant to section 29 of the " Marriage Act."
The regular annual trip to the offices in the Fraser Valley was made in April, 1939. The
Director of Vital Statistics was accompanied by Mr. A. P. Grant, Government Agent at
New Westminster. Many minor problems were dealt with and we are happy to report that
the central supervision of the Valley offices from the Government Agency at New Westminster
continues to be beneficial to all concerned and the means of reducing travelling expenditures
in no small way.
The Vancouver office was visited at least once a month and several other offices were
visited during the year. The splendid officials who act as District Registrars of Births,
Deaths, and Marriages are to be heartily thanked for their help in securing such excellent
registration of vital statistics.
REGISTRATION OF ADOPTIONS.
Registration of adoption orders and their correlation with birth registrations has been
carried on during the year 1939 without any real problems arising. The close relationship
between the Child Welfare Branch and the Division of Vital Statistics has continued, and we
are once more indebted to the District Registrars of the Supreme Court for their full
co-operation.
Orders of adoption relating to 150 children adopted pursuant to the " Adoption Act "
were received, filed, and indexed, and notations made upon the relative birth registrations
during the year 1939, making a total of 2,393 orders filed since the Act came into operation
in April, 1921.
Of the documents filed in 1939, 146 were Court orders and 4 were certificates issued by
the Provincial Secretary pursuant to section 15 of the " Adoption Act."
REGISTRATION OF DIVORCES.
Again in the matter of divorce l'egistration we are indebted to the District Registrars of
the Supreme Court for their splendid co-operation. During the year 1939, 602 decrees were
filed (581 of dissolution of marriage, 21 of nullity of marriage), as compared with 647
(625 of dissolution of marriage, 22 of nullity of marriage) for 1938; 533 (520 and 13) for
1937; 462 (451 and 11) for 1936; and 280 (264 and 16) for 1935; making a grand total of
2,524 decrees filed since the Act came into foixe in April, 1935. There were 3 judicial
separation orders filed and in three instances there was a Court order filed for an action
which was withdrawn.
Where the marriage dissolved or nullified occurred in British Columbia, a marginal
notation of the decree has been entered upon the registration of marriage.
REGISTRATION OF BAPTISMS AND BURIALS.
Section 20 of the " Vital Statistics Act " provides that the Division may secure from the
various religious denominations in the Province true copies relating to baptisms and burials,
such records to become a part of the records of the Division. In 1939 we received one
register from St. John's Church, Yale, B.C., in the diocese of New Westminster of the
Church of England in Canada. This register was additional to one forwarded in 1933.
It contained 287 baptisms and 281 burials. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 19
MARINE REGISTRY.
Section 3 of the amendment to the " Vital Statistics Act " in 1938 authorized the creation
of a Marine Registry of Births and Deaths which occur on British Columbia vessels while
on the high seas. This Marine Registry has operated very satisfactorily; it has filled an
urgent need, and has been a vast improvement over the old system of a central registry
located in England.    During 1939, 1 birth and 7 death registrations were filed in the Registry.
We would like to express our appreciation for the courtesy and assistance which was
rendered to our Division by the Immigration Branch of the Department of Mines and
Resources of the Dominion Government in allowing one of their senior officials to act as
Registrar. They have immediate access to the vessels when they arrive in port and, of course,
are able to secure the necessary registrations without any trouble to this Division. It is
now an easy matter to supply certificates of these births and deaths with very little delay
when they are required by British Columbia citizens.
SCHOOL-TEACHERS' RETURNS UNDER THE "VITAL STATISTICS ACT."
A great deal has been said in previous reports regarding the whole-hearted co-operation
the Division has been receiving from the majority of the school-teachers in the Province who
supply us with the dates and places of birth and the present addresses of the parents or
guardians of all children entering school in British Columbia for the first time during the
various school-years. Since its inception in 1932-33, this work has been the means of our
rendering assistance to a great many people in the Province who have problems relating to
the births, adoptions, legitimations, etc., of their children. To those school-teachers who
have sent in their returns regularly each year we can but say once more, " Thank you."
For the school-year 1938-39 reports were received from a total of 955 teachers, a decrease
of 144 from the previous school-year. These reports were from 818 schools as compared with
960 schools for the previous year. The reports covered the elementary grades only and a
total of 10,753 pupils were reported, of which 8,286 were born in British Columbia, and
2,467 in other Provinces of Canada, the United States of America, and various other countries.
During 1937-38 the total number of children reported was 12,928—9,095 having been born in
British Columbia and 3,833 elsewhere—showing a decrease of 2,175 pupils reported.
A thorough search of the birth records was made for each child, taking first the date
of birth as reported by the teacher, and if registration of the birth was not found then the
records for the preceding and following months and years were searched before the child
was finally listed as " unregistered."
The result of this searching is shown in Table F:—■
Table F.
Born in
British
Columbia.
Born outside
British
Columbia.
Registered.
Unregistered.
1             1             1
4,379                  1,195        1        4,059        |        320
1,618         |             683                   1,497         |         121
2,289                     589                  2,039        |        250
Totals  _ _ _	
8,286         |         2,467         j         7,595                   691
1                             1                             1
Notices were sent to the parents or guardians of the 691 children whose births did not
appear to have been registered, and from replies received thereto 64 more births were reported
to have occurred elsewhere than in British Columbia, 121 were registered on dates other than
those reported at the schools, and 105 other pupils were found to be attending school under
different surnames than those by which their births were registered, mainly due to (1)
adoptions not registered, (2) adoptions pending, and (3) remarriage (or marriage) of the
mother.
Twenty-two delayed registrations of births were made, 7 of which were accepted free
of charge by virtue of a special Order in Council, the parents being in receipt of public
assistance; and 42 notices were returned through the mails marked "Gone, no forwarding
address," etc. C 20
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
The sum of $41 has been collected to date for delayed registration fees, birth certificates,
etc., and the work on the year's report is still continuing.
REGISTRATION OF MINISTERS AND CLERGYMEN.
The registration of ministers and clergymen has continued for the past year, as required
by the " Marriage Act " of 1930. The year 1939 saw 170 applications for registration granted,
while 178 were cancelled. The balance on the register at December 31st, 1939, was 1,135,
being a decrease of 8 from the year 1938.
A great deal of confusion and misunderstanding arises in the registration of ministers
and clergymen, due to the fact that very few people appreciate that the Director in the terms
of the provisions of the " Marriage Act " may not register an individual clergyman with
power to solemnize marriage in the Province. Our first responsibility is to recognize the
religious body and its governing authority as coming within the meaning of Part D of section 4
of the " Marriage Act." Once the religious body has been recognized and its governing
authority designated, then the registration of its ministers and clergymen may automatically
follow upon the receipt of application in the prescribed form, provided that the person to
be so registered has been duly ordained or appointed a minister or clergyman according to
the rights and usages of the religious body to which he belongs.
Following the new procedure adopted in 1937, all new applications, cancellations,
transfers, etc., have been put on to punch-cards. All tabulations of statistics of registration
of ministers and clergymen are upon the basis of date of registration and the tables which
follow are the result of our analysis of this application:
Table G shows a recapitulation of the number of ministers and clergymen whose registration has been authorized and cancelled for the period September 1st, 1930, to December 31st,
1939:— m „
Table G.
Permanent.
Temporary.
Total.
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
Total
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
authorized
during
during
during
during
during
during
during
during
during
during
1930...
1931.
1932.
1933 .
1934.
1935 .
1936.
1937-
1938.
1939.
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
Total cancelled
during 1930..
during 1931..
during 1932.
during 1933.
during 1934..
during 1935-
during 1936.
during 1937.
during 1938.
during 1939..
Total authorized from September 1st, 1930, to December 31st, 1939..
Total cancelled from September 1st, 1930, to December 31st, 1939.....
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Number on
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
Register,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
December 31st,
1930.
1931-
1932..
1933.
1934..
1935..
1936.
1937-
1938.
1939.
852
80
87
84
83
92
114
132
136
136
12
29
55
56
65
66
61
89
1,796
840
891
923
951
995
1,048
1
1,091
3
1,139
*
1,134
1
6
5
4
17
14
14
22
39
34
6
6
7
4
17
14
13
20
38
37
163
162
2
2
860
86
92
88
100
106
128
154
175
170
18
35
62
60
82
80
74
109
126
178
824
842
893
923
951
969
995
1,049
1,094
1,143
1,135 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 21
Table H shows the denominational distribution of the ministers and clergymen on the
Register as at December 31st, 1939:—
Table H.
Denomination.
1938.
1939.
Increase or
Decrease.
5
80
10
2
3
1
5
2
226
1
15
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
4
1
8
1
2
2
6
1
11
3
7
38
25
1
2
2
1
4
31
8
58
225
3
31
10
2
3
1
1
288
9
70
10
2
3
1
5
2
211
1
15
6
1
2
2
2
1
1
5
1
8
1
1
2
4
14
4
7
34
25
1
1
2
1
1
4
34
9
57
221
3
38
11
2
3
4
2
1
1
287
1
1
4
10
— 15
3
Church of the Open Door.. - - 	
— 1
1
1
— 1
— 2
International Apostolic Congress  - - 	
— 1
3
1
—4
Methodist Episcopal Church (African)    —
— 1
3
1
— 1
—4
7
1
4
Ukrainian (or Ruthenian) Greek-Catholic Church of Canada	
2
— 1
1
1
Totals.. -     -	
*1,143
tl,135
— 8
* Includes 4 temporaries (1 Baptist, 1 Church of England, 1 Presbyterian, and 1 United Church) cancelled in 1939.
t Includes 1 temporary (Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland) to be cancelled in 1940. C 22 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
OUR CONTRIBUTION TO CANADA'S WAR EFFORT.
With the outbreak of hostilities between Great Britain and Germany at the beginning
of September, 1939, a terrific load was placed on the Division of Vital Statistics. By 10
o'clock on the morning of September 5th there came the first indications that there was an
abnormal condition. Every Marriage Commissioner's office in the southern part of the
Province was deluged with applications for marriage licences and the solemnization of marriage by Civil Contract.    The offices were literally jammed.
Men already in the militia were being called to the colours and many persons who had
been contemplating marriage in the near future decided that they had better get married
immediately rather than wait in case their regiment were transferred or they were moved
to the theatre of war.
The " Marriage Act" contains an eight-day residence requirement and a three-day
waiting period between the application for the licence and its issuance for the solemnization
of the marriage.
Many hundreds of people demanded the issuance of licences for immediate marriages,
using all kinds of arguments and pretexts as a means of securing a licence forthwith. The
regulations, however, were not relaxed, except in cases where recommendations for immediate marriages were made by the officer commanding the various regiments. This was by
agreement with the Officer Commanding, Military District No. 11, where it was required that
a soldier be transferred without delay.
The Division anticipated that it would be called upon by the Federal Government to
either issue certificates or at least check the applications of enlisted men for some of the
services, and, where such enlisted men had dependents, to check the statements made regarding births, deaths, marriages, adoptions, and divorces in the applications for dependents'
allowances.
Realizing from our experience of the war of 1914-18 that this would tax the energies of
every member of the Division, our technical staff in the statistical section was immediately
trained in registration and certificate issuance technique in order that in emergency cases
they could be pulled from statistical work to meet sudden demands.
During the last war the documentation required by the military authorities and subsequent Pension Boards was completed after the cessation of hostilities and, in many instances,
after the return of the soldiers to Canada. In a subsequent check-up it was found that many
unlawful claims for dependents' allowances and pensions had been paid.
One of the first efforts of the Department of National Defence and the Treasury Board
of the Federal Government was to endeavour to remedy the situation and, on September 11th,
we received a letter from the Comptroller of the Treasury enlisting the assistance of the
Division with regard to the determination of the genuineness of the applications for dependents' allowances. Their concern was to be satisfied that the particulars of marriage and
birth shown in the applications were correct. It was agreed that the Division should ask
for powers to co-operate with the Comptroller of the Treasury and, accordingly, on September 13th, 1939, the Lieutenant-Governor in Council approved an Order in Council which
provided that:—
"Under the provisions of section 39 of the 'Vital Statistics Act,' chapter 302 of the
' Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1936,' that all searches of the original registrations
filed in the Division of Vital Statistics pursuant to the provisions of the said Act, made by
duly designated representatives of the Dominion Treasury Department with reference to the
officers and men mobilized for duty with the Canadian Active Service Force and their
dependents be made without charge."
The Comptroller then designated the Treasury Officer of Military District No. 11, Victoria, B.C., as the official to whom the form would be mailed from Ottawa, giving the marriage and birth particulars of each application, and arrangements were made for checking
the applications without calling upon the Division to issue certificates. This machinery was
completed in less than seventy-two hours.
In the war of 1914-18 the Province was required to issue abbreviated certificates to each
individual enlisted in active service and his dependents. This privilege, extended by the
Province, was so greatly abused by the public who secured these military verifications without
any idea of using them for the purposes for which they were issued, that the procedure of
checking with the Treasury Department was recommended and approved.
J VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939. C 23
As the year closed, our activities in assisting the Federal Government in Canada's war
effort continued without abating, and there was every indication that we should be called on
more and more to assist the Federal Government by carrying out investigations of social
problems, such as the legal status of foster children, adopted children, and children born
out of lawful wedlock and subsequently legitimated. There is every indication that an
increasingly heavy load will be placed on the staff, and it may be that some of our male
trained staff will have to be released to fill specialized positions with the armed Forces.
However, I think I am safe in giving my assurance that every member of the staff will do
his utmost to assist in Canada's war effort.
ORGANIZATION OF THE DIVISION OF VITAL STATISTICS.
The organization of the Division of Vital Statistics as outlined in the previous report
became an established fact on April 1st, 1939, and during the last nine months of the year
the agreement regarding Vital and Public Health Statistics which was reached between the
Department of the Provincial Secretary and the Department of Trade and Industry has
operated to the mutual satisfaction of both these Departments of the Government and other
agencies which have been affected by the agreement. Problems of a minor nature have
arisen which have been ironed out satisfactorily and a good deal of consolidation in administration and statistical practices has been brought about.
SECRECY OF DOCUMENTS.
Section 7 of the 1938 amendments to the " Vital Statistics Act," designed to prevent abuse
of the use of records of children born out of lawful wedlock or who had been subject to
adoption proceedings, has proven a most valuable means of preserving information of a
confidential nature without inflicting any hardship or inconvenience upon those persons who
are legitimately entitled to such information.
REVISION OF FEES.
The revision of fees for searches, as provided in section 9 of the " Vital Statistics Act,"
amendment of 1938, has brought about a fairer scale of charges for services and has not
reduced our revenue, which is steadily on the increase.
LEGISLATION.
" Vital Statistics Act."
There were no amendments to the " Vital Statistics Act " recommended for the 1939
fall Session of the Legislature.
The amendments made in 1938 as outlined in the last report have been given effect and
have proven very satisfactory in strengthening the scope of the " Vital Statistics Act."
" Marriage Act."
There were no amendments to the " Marriage Act " recommended for the 1939 fall
Session of the Legislature.
It is a matter of deep regret that circumstances have precluded the Lieutenant-Governor
in Council from bringing into operation by proclamation sections 39 to 42, inclusive, which
provide for a premarital blood-test and we have been unable, therefore, to extend our
co-operation in this respect with the Division of Venereal Disease Control.
Change of Name requires Legislative Control.
For some years the Division of Vital Statistics has been receiving requests from various
sources to provide the proper machinery for the change of the surname and the change of
the given name, or names, of persons over 12 years of age.
Common practice has been to have a deed poll executed and filed in the Provincial Secretary's office or in the District Registrar's office of the local Supreme Court Registry.
However, a deed poll may be executed but not filed in any recognized depository or registry
office. Sometimes a copy of the deed poll is published in a local newspaper or in The
British Columbia Gazette. Various other means are employed, but it has always been very
doubtful whether or not these have any legal value.    In British Columbia there is no law C 24 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
on the subject, nor is there any Statute in England making it compulsory to take legal steps
to change a surname, although this may be done by Royal licence, a private Act of Parliament, or by deed poll.
Halsbury says: " In order to preserve testimony and to obviate confusion which a change
of name is likely to involve, it is usual to adopt one of the three following courses, that is, to
obtain a private Act of Parliament, to obtain a Royal licence, or to execute a deed poll."
However, the law prescribes no rules limiting a man's liberty to change his name. He
may assume any name he pleases in addition to or in substitution for his original name;
and in adopting even the name or combination of names by which another person is already
known he does not commit a legal wrong against that person. The law concerns itself only
with the question whether he has in fact assumed and has come to be known by a name
different from that by which he was originally known.
Therefore, it can be seen that the matter is, to say the least, one of some confusion,
which could easily be remedied as has been done in some of the other Provinces, namely,
Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario.
This changing of name has always been a thorn in the flesh for our law enforcement
officers, and now that Canada is at war we need legislation that will forbid aliens and other
persons within our country from changing their names in order to cover up their foreign
nationalities and allegiance.
We are sure that those services which are responsible for the defence of Canada and
our Province will agree that the proposed legislation would be an important contribution to
the war measures enacted in the national defence of Canada and the internal security of
the Province where there are so many nationals of origins other than British.
We have found that since the outbreak of hostilities a great number of aliens have
changed their names by simply moving from one district to another; for instance, " Emile
Schmidt" may leave the Hastings District of the City of Vancouver and turn up in the
Fairview District of the same city as " John Henry Smith."
Some years ago, when it was not clear whether or not the " Vital Statistics Act " permitted the change of surname upon a birth registration, we received an opinion that we
should change a surname until the Act was clarified. We had one man change his surname
four times in one year, and each time he got a certificate in the new name and refused to
surrender up the certificate in the previous name, and it was found that he was using all
the certificates at once for various purposes. However, in time, the law caught up with this
gentleman of many names and now he is just a number.
In the Annual Report for 1935 we strongly urged the passage of an Act to provide for
the registration of the change of surname and the issuance of a certificate of change of
name, and we would once more urge that the matter be given full consideration by the
Legislature at the next Session.
The Act will require very careful drafting, so as not to conflict with other legislation
which automatically changes or permits a change of name, such as a change in the surname
of a female resulting from marriage; or the change in a given name or surname authorized
under the " Adoption Act"; or the change in a surname or given name where a child
becomes legitimated by the subsequent marriage of its natural parents.
We feel from our experience that the changing of the surname of an alien should not
be permitted, except as provided in the Dominion Statutes at the time of naturalization;
and that section 10 of the " Vital Statistics Act," which permits changes in Christian names
in certain instances, should be limited so as not to apply where a child has reached the full
age of 12 years.
Again, the changing of the surname of a minor child should not be permitted if his or
her father is dead or divorced from the mother. There is ample provision in the " Adoption
Act" to cover such cases. If a man wishes to change the surname of a child of another
man simply because he has married the child's mother, then he should be prepared to assume
the responsibilities imposed upon a parent by adoption by the "Adoption Act."
A child who has reached the age of 12 years should have the right to consent to a
change in his or her given name. In every case a wife should consent to a change in any
of her names, the surname of herself and husband, and any names of their children.
All documents should be filed with the Division of Vital Statistics, together with the
other documents of a personal nature—births, deaths, marriages, divorces, adoptions, etc., ITH CHARLES   JOHN
tl 1 1	
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ANNUAL   INDEX OF BIRTHS  - BRITISH COLUMBIA
MPSON     DOUGLAS      ROBERT
N G H     RAM
OG  EILEEN  MAUD
ATFR  FRANK  JAMES
ALL  SYDNEY
ART  IRIS  CATHERINE
ILEY  CATHERINE
ITH  B A R Y
ITH  CHARLES JOHN
ITH  DIANE  AILEEN
ITH  VIRGINIA
ITHURST  CAROL  JEAN  MAY
ELDON  RONALD  JOEL
PWITH  JANET  VICTORIA
RENSEN  JON  HAROLD
THERN  DONNA  MARIA
PLACE
NANA I M O
NEW  WESTMINSTER
PRINCE  GEORGE
VANCOUVER
VANCOUVER
RELLA  COOLA
REVFLSTOKE
C H E M A I M U S
VANCOUVER
FERNIE
KELOWNA
WELL INGTON
NELSON
PORT  ESSINGTON
PORT  ALRERNI
VERNON
10
1.0
10
10
10
10
11
1.0
10
1°
4 O
40
4 0
4 O
4 0
4 O
4 O
40
4 O
4 0,   9
4 0;;  9
40  11
4 0 !  9
4 0,;  9
4 O !i  9
4 Q 5
4 Q 5
4 9 S
4 9 5
4 95
4 ofi
4 9*
4 0 5
495
40fi
4 95
4 9P,
4 9 5
4 Q fi
4 9 5
4 95
10 3 5 3
1 0 2 5 4
10 278
1 0 9.r\ 1
10 2 5 7
1 06 9 o
10609
10 243
10264
1069 2
10 1^7
1069 7
1019 8
1. 0 6 9 9
10 3 0 1
10302
ANNUAL INDEX OF DEATHS - BRITISH COLUMBIA
JORROWMAN  PETER  PAUL
)OYD  HECTOR  ULYSSES
JRADFORD  EUPHEMIA  JANE
JRADSHAW  ARTHUR  WINSTON
IREEN  RUPERT  HORATIO
JRENNER  MARY  ANN
5R0CK  HENRY  CHARLES
1R0WN  ANDREW
IROWN  FRANK WILLIAM
IROWN  LAURENCE  RAYMOND
1RUCE THELMA
1UCHAN  JOHN  ALFRED
1URKE  HERBERT
1URKLEY  MARION
UJRTON  FLORENCE  RITA
1YNG  CHERRY  BLOSSOM
ASHCROFT 10
KAMLOOPS 10
ARBOTSFORD 10
VICTORIA 10
VANCOUVER 10
VICTORIA 10
KAMLOOPS 10
NEW  WESTMINSTER  ! 1.0
VANCOUVER 10
PRINCE  GEORGE 10
GOLDEN 10
PRINCE  RUPERT 10
VANCOUVER 10
VANCOUVER 10
PRINCETON 10
FRUITVALE 10
4 0
4 O
40
4 0
40
40
4 0
40 I 10
0 I 10
40 I 10
4 0 |j 10
4 0" '9
4 0 j 10
40 j 9
4 O ii 10
4 0 ii 10
40
4 0
40;
4»(
4 0
40 ;
40|
4 0 I
i|
4 0|i
4 0 i
40 !
40
40
4 0 j!
4 0 j
4 0 1
367
3 66
367
3 66
3 66
3 6 6
3 66
3 66
366
3 6 6
3 66
3 67
3 67
3 67
■ fifi
3 fi7
609 4
5 B5 O
6 09 9
592 3
59 3 0
5B6 6
5 R04
5B67
5934
5 97 0
5 0 6 0
6 0 0 3
6 1 0 B
6 10 9
598 5
6 116
ANNUAL INDEX OF MARRIAGES - BRITISH COLUMBIA
SPENDER  GEOFFERY  DOUGLAS
STANFORD  GORDON  S
STAPLETON  ARCHIBALO
STEAO  HENRY  JOSEPH
STEELE  ANDREW  GRAY
STEER  GENE  THOMAS
STEWARD ALEXANDER
STEWART MICHAEL  PATRICK
STOPPER  IAN  FREDERICK
STINSON  JOSEPH  LEWIS
8T0CKWELL  EDGAR  MARSHAL!
STODDART  ROBERT  COOK
8T0NEH0USE  PETER
STORM CLARENCE  ARTHUR
STURROCK  FRANCIS
SUTTON  ROBERT  BURNS
GOULD  RORINA  YOUNG
ARDEN  DORIS  MARJORIE
COVENTRY  MILLICENT
CONWAY  ISOBEL
JOHNSON  FRANCES  M
ABERCROMBIE  LOIS  MARY
MURRAY  DIANE  LFE
PARKER  MARY  AUDREY
MICKLEMARS  ELIZABETH
BAIRD  MAXINE  TONIA
OAKLEY  JOHANNA  MAY
SHARPE  ELLEN  AGNFS
EVANS  GRACE  MARGARET
METCALFE  MARJORIE  W
MCCORMACK  HELEN
MACKAY  SARAH  ELSIE
PLACE  OF  MARRIAGE
PIONEER
VANCOUVER
PENTICTON
PRINCF  GEORGE
VERNON
snOKE
GRAND  FORKS
VANCOUVER
ATLIN
DUNCAN
TRAIL
VANCOUVER
BURNABY
NELSON
VICTORIA
ESQUIMALT
299
298
29 9
29 8
29 8
29 9
29 8
298
29 9
29 9
29 8
29 8
29 8
29 8
29 8
29 9
6522
6 0 05
6 5 27
60 8 3
6 127
6 5 30
6 0 8 0
6098
6 5 37
6 5 2 1
6 0 75
6 0 12
6 0 13
6 0 18
6 16 4
fiSIQ VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939. C 25
and no change should be permitted upon any of these documents which contain a recording
of an event at the time of its occurrence. Marginal notations, which must appear upon all
certificates issued in respect thereof, should be made upon the birth registrations of all
persons born in British Columbia who are affected by the change of name.
Stiff penalties should be provided for any person who effects a change of name by fraud
or misrepresentation or in any way violates the provisions of the Act, and a special clause
should be provided which would be a safeguard against proceedings being instituted for
spiteful reasons.
INDEXING BY THE " PUNCH-CARD " METHOD.
In the previous reports we have indicated that the Division of Vital Statistics has been
gradually improving its system of indexing by applying the " punch-card " method in preparing indices to the registrations filed in the Division to overcome weaknesses apparent in
indices prepared by the typewritten or pen-and-ink methods.
In January, 1938, we began experimenting with the " punch-card " method—punching
individual index-cards for each birth, death, and marriage registration filed in the Division.
The cards are sorted and tabulated and lists in alphabetical order are prepared on a monthly
basis until the end of the year; at which time the cards for the year are brought together,
again sorted in alphabetical order, and the index for the year is quickly run through the
tabulator. Thus, without any further typing, punching, or other manual procedure, an
annual index of births, deaths, and marriages is prepared. This brings the indices into strict
alphabetical sequence and, once the cards have been punched and checked, it is a simple
matter to consolidate the indices over a period of years into one strictly alphabetical index
with very little extra effort or added cost to the Division.
The alphabetic printing punch simultaneously punches and prints the data on the top
of the punch-card from the birth, death, and marriage registrations on cards similar to those
shown in the illustration in this report. These cards are filed currently and are available in
emergency for searches. One of the greatest factors in the preparation of the annual indices
is to prepare them with as little delay as possible. The fact that the lists may be prepared at
a speed of 4,800 lines per hour makes one realize how speedily the indices can be brought
into use.
At the present time this method of indexing of births, deaths, and marriages has been
applied from January 1st, 1938, to date; of adoptions from 1921 to date; of divorces from
April, 1935, to date;   and of ministers and clergymen from September, 1930, to date.
During 1940 cards will be punched for the baptismal records which have been filed in
the Division, some of which go back over one hundred years to the year 1838. These will
be followed by burials, publications of banns, and Indian births, deaths, and marriages.
For some time the Division of Tuberculosis Control has been experiencing a great deal
of difficulty in indexing and filing its medical histories or clinical records. These medical
histories are now rapidly approaching the 100,000-mark and space requirements for filing
a card-index have created a distinct problem. During 1940 it is our intention to provide
for that Division an alphabetic punch-card for each medical history so that printed indices
may be available.
There is one disadvantage in the present indexing system of the Division of Tuberculosis
Control. On the one hand, there is the need for the consolidation of the record system of
the Division while, on the other hand, the headquarters of each unit requires an index of
the medical history of every person who has been examined by the Division at one time or
another. These persons may have been examined while resident in an area served by one
clinic but may have since removed to an area served by another clinic. In a Province such
as British Columbia this, of course, presents a geographical problem, owing to the fact that
the clinics are widely separated, and also a physical problem in the handling of the several
separate indices, each of which takes up considerable space, especially in the case of a
travelling clinic where it is always a question of reducing bulk.
With the application of the " punch-card " method of preparation of the index it is felt
that a solution to the various difficulties has been found, for it is possible to make as many
copies of the index as required to meet the needs of supplying one to each unit. Therefore,
in future, each unit will have a single volume containing all the necessary particulars and
references which are required to locate a medical history which may be in the records of C 26 PROVINCIAL BOARD OP HEALTH.
another unit. The medical histories of deceased persons will be called in from the various
active files with the units to a central " morgue file."
The index will be revised annually and checked against the death registrations to ascertain if any persons who have been examined by a clinic have died from causes other than
tuberculosis and it will be a simple matter to replace the old index-sheets in the binders with
corrected copies.
Another problem which has faced the Medical Director of the Division of Tuberculosis
Control this year is to provide a simple cross-index to the X-rays which show under examination multiple or special diagnoses of a particular clinical interest. This is also being applied
to the " punch-card " method of indexing by duplicating cards for each disease or condition
revealed by the X-ray examination, using the cards themselves as the index by allowing
the interpretation along the top of the duplicating cards to provide the cross-index.
PUNCH-CARD ACCOUNTING.
It has been a need of the Division of Vital Statistics that the Director should have on
hand information regarding expenditures made under the different sections of the vote
appropriated by the Legislature to the Division for its yearly operation. A simple method
of accounting has been applied which produces the information for the Director in the
form of:—
(1.)  A monthly statement as to the amount which has been spent in each section of
the vote during the month:
(2.)   A monthly control statement of the total amount spent in each section of the
vote from April 1st to the end of each month during each fiscal year:
(3.)   An annual statement of the total amount spent in each section of the vote
during the fiscal year.
SPECIAL REGISTRATION FORM FOR STILL-BIRTHS.
It has been the general practice, when a foetus is born dead after twenty-eight weeks
(or, in the United States, twenty weeks) of gestation, to register it both as a birth and a
death, afterwards matching the two forms and excluding them from the general natality and
mortality statistics, and presenting special tables on the subject.
During recent years some of the eastern Provinces have been experimenting with a
single form for the registration of still-births, which incorporates all the essential birth and
death particulars which are required in the analysis of still-birth statistics. It was our
original intention in British Columbia to adopt such a form on January 1st, 1940, together
with Saskatchewan and Quebec,* but, after careful consideration of the subject, it was
decided to wait until January 1st, 1941, when we shall be making a number of required
changes preparatory to the eighth census of Canada. At that time, also, we shall be adopting the new International List of Causes of Death, based on the Fifth Decennial Revision
by the International Commission at Paris, October 3rd to 7th, 1938, and there are expected
to be many other major advances in our statistical presentations. Further, if we do not
make changes until 1941 we shall have a series of statistics completely uniform over the
last ten years (1931-40).
THE NEED FOR A VANCOUVER SECTION.
It is apparent from the very marked increase in the responsibilities of the Division of
Vital Statistics on the mainland that we shall have to seek some means of tightening up
certain discrepancies and speeding up the control of the record systems over which we have
supervision. A member of the staff of this Division who is familiar with all our requirements
should be on the job on the mainland, as we are required to spend too much in travelling
expenses, not to mention the loss of time at headquarters while members of the staff are away.
It is recommended that a section be established in Vancouver in charge of a statistical
clerk trained in the requirements of the Division to be the liaison between this Division, the
Divisions of the Provincial Board of Health, and the Branches of the Welfare Department
in the preparation of statistics and the supervision of the medical records.
* Revision of form based on the draft prepared by a special committee of the Canadian Public Health Association, Quebec, having first adopted the single still-birth form in 1929. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939. C 27
The duties of this person would be to call at each office at regular stated intervals, to
check over the material which is being collected before it is sent to Victoria, to assist with
the revision of forms and the consolidation of the clinical and other records, and, at the
appropriate time, to assist in the preparation of the material for the many annual reports.
It is felt that one person would be able to carry out the duties of the Section, if temporary
assistance is provided when special or major projects are under way.
CENSUS TRACTS FOR VANCOUVER AND ADJACENT MUNICIPALITIES.
Wherever there is a large population concentrated in a city it is often advantageous to
divide the city into sections within the limits of its municipal boundaries for the purpose of
securing population figures, demographic, social, and other forms of statistics and factual
information about these areas.
In some cities in the United States, the Bureau of the Census, in collaboration with the
local authorities, has created smaller areas which are usually known as " census tracts."
It is felt that, as the time for another census of Canada approaches, something along
these lines should be done for the Cities of Vancouver and New Westminster and the Municipality of Burnaby. We are continually receiving requests for figures and information concerning portions of these three municipal units, particularly with regard to population by
race, occupation, literacy, earnings, age, sex, and other information of an economic arid social
nature. The Division of Vital Statistics also receives requests for like information which
would be compiled from the registrations of births, deaths, marriages, etc.
We are of the opinion that during 1940 full consideration should be given to the question
of approaching the Dominion Bureau of Statistics with a request that the Bureau draw up
its enumeration areas to agree with the census tracts. In this way we could obtain from
the Bureau basic population statistics enumerated at the time of the 1941 census.
The adoption of these areas would require a good deal of work and careful planning in
the Division of Vital Statistics. A street-index by block number would have to be set up in
order to provide the machinery for showing births and deaths according to residence within
these census tracts. Thus the registrations might be quickly assigned to their rightful area
or tract without unduly holding up the work of coding. We feel that every effort should be
made to provide required information to corporations which contribute very considerably to
the taxes of the Province.
TABULATION SECTION.
This section carried on its specialized functions already developed in previous years.
Among its primary responsibilities was the indexing by means of an alphabetic punch-card
of each individual birth, death, and marriage registration.
It also coded and was responsible for the punching, checking, tabulation, and preparation
of statistical tables of births, deaths, marriages, adoptions, and divorces, and it supervised the
statistical work of the other Divisions of the Provincial Board of Health as well as the Welfare
Services under the Provincial Secretary's Department.
Assistance was given the Bureau of Economics and Statistics through punching cards for
both the Taxation Branch of the Department of Finance and the free miner's licences for the
Mines Department.
The following is a summary of the work undertaken by the Tabulation Section for the
year:—
Provincial Board op Health.
(a.)  Division of Vital Statistics.
The routine monthly figures for publication in the Bulletin of the Provincial Board of
Health require the counting, punching, sorting, and tabulating of an average of 1,121 births,
659 deaths, 658 marriages, 51 divorces, and 12 adoptions per month. The preparation of
statistics for the yearly tables means analysing in the neighbourhood of 30,015 registrations,
which are made up as follows: Births, including still-births, 13,455; deaths, including stillbirths, 7,905; marriages, 7,897; divorces, 608; adoptions, 150. In addition, the preparation
of the alphabetic birth, death, and marriage indices required the punching, sorting, and listing
of a corresponding number of punch-cards (exclusive of Indians). Thus, the card volume
devoted exclusively to vital statistics work of the Division rose to a new total of 58,383
punch-cards. Statistics were again compiled by the " punch-card " method from the registrations of
ministers and clergymen during the year 1939. One hundred and seventy registrations of
ministers and clergymen were authorized and 178 were cancelled. The application of the
" punch-card " method to statistics of the registration of ministers and clergymen proved itself
of value when up-to-date statistics were required.
Special tabulations were made to provide data for the two bulletin articles, namely,
" Highlights " and " Violent Deaths in Industry," written by the Director. Requests for
information of a statistical nature, often detailed, made by the public or some other Government department were answered by using tabulation equipment wherever practicable.
(6.)  Division of Tuberculosis Control.
Under the terms of the agreement between the Bureau of Economics and Statistics and
this Division, the punching and tabulation of statistics of the Division of Tuberculosis Control
became the responsibility of the Bureau.
The drafting of the 52 tables, 8 maps, and 12 charts contained in the 1938 Annual Report
of the Division of Tuberculosis Control was done by the Division of Vital Statistics, together
with the supervision of the format.
Filing and statistical procedures in connection with the Division of Tuberculosis Control
record system were supervised throughout the year.
(c.)  Division of Venereal Disease Control.
The preparation of the Annual Report of the Division of Venereal Disease Control for the
year 1938 was carried out in a similar manner to that used in the preparation of the Annual
Report of the Division of Tuberculosis Control by the Division of Vital Statistics.
Although this report was the first to be made from an analysis of the punch-cards, which
is the statistical basis of the record system, it was comprehensive in content. In all, 31 tables,
5 charts, 4 maps, and 19 graphs were drafted and prepared. This report was mimeographed
by the Division of Vital Statistics.
Several special studies were required by the Division of Venereal Disease Control which
were also drafted and prepared by the Division of Vital Statistics.
The monthly statistical reports and the record system in general were under the supervision of the Director of Vital Statistics in his capacity as Supervisor of Medical Records.
Details of mechanical tabulations are not given because this branch of the work has,
under agreement, become the responsibility of the Bureau of Economics and Statistics.
(d.)  Medical Inspection of Schools.
The ten-year study of some of the more important statistical factors taken from the
Annual Report of the Inspection of Schools for the period ending June 30th, 1937, mentioned
in last year's report was analysed.
A study was made of the distribution of diseases such as goitre, adenoids, enlarged tonsils,
etc., according to statistical area and city. To provide comparisons between schools and
areas, the number of conditions found was expressed in percentages of the number of
pupils examined.
The data were analysed with the intention of providing a guide for the future policy of
the Provincial Board of Health in connection with the medical inspection of schools.
Provincial Secretary's Department.
(a.)   Welfare Field Service.
Approximately 1,600 cards were run through the tabulator five times for each monthly
analysis of the Welfare Visitors' daily reports, and approximately 19,000 cards were run
twelve times for the annual report. As in the previous years, the annual report was compiled
in two sections, the first revealed the work done by the individual visitor, the second the work
done in each district. . , Welfare Branch
The annual reports for the Child Welfare Branch were prepared for the fiscal year
1938-39 and involved the tabulation and analysis of about 1,400 cards.
For the first time statistics were prepared of the applications for children for adoption,
and reference to the Report of the Superintendent will reveal eleven interesting tables on the
various aspects of this subject, together with five charts. Tabulations by the " punch-card " method from the analyses of the cases of children under
the " Unmarried Parents Act" were computed on the same basis as in previous years and
produced sixteen tables and one graph relating to the various phases of case-work. Previous
tabulations of the source card of neglect among infants have not produced the results we had
expected. However, during 1939, the source record card and the correspondence punch-card
were revised and the revision has overcome the difficulties which have appeared in the previous
tabulations. Reference to the Superintendent's Report will reveal four charts and thirteen
tables on the subject of neglect in British Columbia. In all, it has resulted in enlarging the
Report of the Superintendent by some twenty-two concise tables.
This was the first public report of the Superintendent to include detailed statistics of the
results of case-work under the provisions of the " Adoption Act," the " Unmarried Parents
Act," and the " Infants Act."
Many problems arose in the interpretation of the cards and in the presentation of the
data but, through the courteous co-operation and assistance of Miss Harvey and all her
workers, the difficulties were readily overcome.
Codes.
In most respects the codes already designed continued to be used with little revision.
New codes were drawn up covering the three reports of the Superintendent of Neglected
Children, namely, Neglect, Adoptions, and " Unmarried Parents Act."
CO-OPERATION WITH THE OTHER DIVISIONS OF THE PROVINCIAL
BOARD OF HEALTH.
During 1939 our relationships with the Divisions of Laboratories, Tuberculosis Control,
and Venereal Disease Control have continued. The Division of Vital Statistics carried on the
compilation of all types of data, and the standardization of requisition forms, report forms,
and record systems generally throughout the Divisions, and prepared the statistical sections
for and the mimeographing of the reports of these Divisions. Detailed accounts of this work
have been given in previous reports and it is unnecessary to repeat any of the details. We
would, however, take this opportunity to thank all members of the staffs of the various
Divisions for their hearty and continued co-operation and the many courtesies shown to the
members of the staff of this Division in consolidating the systems and statistics which have
now been built on a solid foundation.
FORM REGISTER.
The Form Register which was created in the Division of Vital Statistics last year in connection with the supervision of medical records for securing uniformity in the structure of
the various public health forms, and the information they record, has been further improved
and consolidated.
Some of the branches of the Social Welfare Department are now using the facilities
afforded by the Form Register in endeavouring to secure uniformity of their records. Already
we have assisted the Child Welfare Branch in the preparation and printing of their Report
Forms and Work Cards for adoptions under the " Adoption Act," the " Infants Act," and the
" Unmarried Parents Act."    This work will be further extended during the coming year.
MONTHLY BULLETIN.
Volume 9 of the Monthly Bulletin of the Provincial Board of Health has presented many
articles of interest and worth, and we have received the usual co-operation of many contributors. One of the outstanding contributions to the Bulletin during the year was a
190-page supplement entitled " The Health Officer Suggests—," a series of radio talks on
health facts for the public, prepared by and under the direction of Dr. J. S. Cull, Assistant
Provincial Health Officer. These radio talks were given over radio station CFCT, Victoria,
B.C., during the months of February to June, inclusive. The series consisted of twenty-four
talks designed to give the citizens of the community a clearer picture of the functions of the
present-day Health Department and timely hints on health procedures, and health and
accident preventive-measures.
Other contributions included a group of lectures delivered to the Public Health Section,
Victoria Graduate Nurses' Association:   " Modern Drugs and Modern Methods of Surgery," C 30 PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
by E. W. Boak, B.A., M.D., CM.; and "Orthopsychiatry," by Arthur M. Gee, M.D., CM.,
L.M.C.C; and a series of papers presented at the conference of Health Officers and Public
Health Nurses, held in the auditorium, Medical-Dental Building, Vancouver, B.C., April 12th
and 13th, 1939: " Accomplishments and Objectives of Preventive Medicine," by C. E. Dolman,
C.E., M.B., D.P.H.; "Development of a Health Programme in an Urban Area, with Special
Reference to the Metropolitan Unit Organization," by J. S. Kitching, M.D.; " Notes on the
Preparation of Health Articles from the Viewpoint of the Press," by Mrs. Reta W. Myers;
" Problems in Demography," by J. T. Marshall; " Problems in the Fraser Valley Districts,"
by J. A. Taylor, M.D.; " Psychology of Salesmanship," by Dr. J. E. Morsh; and the " Report
of Committee to Study the Development of Satisfactory Relationships between Public Health
Nursing and Social Work Groups," presented by Miss Margaret E. Kerr.
Other special articles which were features of the regular monthly issues included: " The
Effect of Indian Vital Statistics in British Columbia," by H. B. French, M.A., Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages; " Venereal Disease, the Study of the Source of Cases
and Examination of Families and Close Contacts," by the Division of Venereal Disease Control; " Sylvatic Plague and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Surveys in Western Canada
during 1938," by R. J. Gibbons, M.D.; " My Impressions of the Division of Vital Statistics,"
by Miss H. R. Parker, B.Com.; " Some Aspects of International Health," by J. S. Kitching,
M.D.; " Outline of the Welfare Field Service of British Columbia," by Miss Amy B. Edwards,
Supervisor of the Service; " Report of the Annual Meeting of the Western Branch of the
American Public Health Association," by G. F. Kincade, M.D.; " Syphilis and Marriage," by
J. A. Leroux, M.D.; " News from the Public Health Workshop," a review of Births, Deaths,
and Marriages for the Year 1937, by the Division of Vital Statistics, under the supervision of
J. D. B. Scott, B.A., B.Comm.
From the news service of the Health League of Canada we published the following
articles: " A Woman Who Made History," by John W. S. McCullough, M.D., D.P.D.; " War
and Epidemics" and "Public Health in Germany." From "Science News Letter" came:
" Smallpox Rears its Ugly Head—But Why? " and " Searching for T.B. in Apparently
Healthy." From the " Toronto Star " we reprinted an article entitled " Editorial Viewpoint
—Your Friend, the Government." From " Health News," the weekly publication of New
York's State Board of Health, one of " Doctor Jones Says " was used in an article of timely
interest and advice to the public health nurse.
The Division of Venereal Disease Control contributed a regular section to the Bulletin,
consisting of news and doings about the Division and monthly analyses of the work being
carried out. Two articles were contributed on the " Activities of the Metropolitan Health
Department of Vancouver,"    The other regular features of the Bulletin were continued.
Articles of appreciation were presented to the memory of such men in the field of preventive medicine as the late Dr. William J. V. Deacon, Michigan's great statistician and Dean
of Vital Statistics in the United States; the late Mr. William R. Tracey, Chief, Vital
Statistics, in the Dominion Bureau of Statistics; the late Dr. J. W. Mcintosh, Health Officer
for the City of Vancouver and First Senior Medical Health Officer of the Vancouver Metropolitan Health Area; the late Dr. G. A. Ootmar, Director, Kelowna Laboratory and Medical
Health Officer for Kelowna and the surrounding districts; and, finally, a memorial page to
our late beloved chief, Dr. H. E. Young, Provincial Health Officer and Registrar of Births,
Deaths, and Marriages.
The Director of Vital Statistics continued the series entitled " Highlights of British
Columbia's Registration of Births, Deaths, and Marriages during the Year 1938" and
" Violent Deaths in Industry in British Columbia, January 1st to December 31st, 1938," and
contributed articles on " Organization of the Division of Vital Statistics," " Registrars Study
Standardization of Methodology in Vital Statistics," and an appreciation of the services of
Mr. H. B. French upon his retirement as Deputy Registrar of Births, Deaths, and Marriages.
DEATH OF MR. WILLIAM R. TRACEY.
It was with sincere regret that the Division of Vital Statistics learned, on Monday,
January 9th, 1939, of the passing at the Ottawa Civic Hospital of Mr. William R. Tracey,
Chief of Vital Statistics in the Dominion Bureau of Statistics, following a brief illness. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939. C 31
Mr. Tracey was associated with Mr. E. S. McPhail in the Vital Statistics Branch in
giving effect to the 1918 Agreement re Vital Statistics between the Dominion and the Provinces, and upon Mr. McPhail's retirement he succeeded to his position as Chief of the Branch.
For some years he had been secretary of the Section of Vital Statistics and Epidemiology
of the Canadian Public Health Association. He served on several committees of the Vital
Statistics Section of the American Public Health Association, and at Kansas City in October,
1938, he was elected Vice-Chairman of the Section.
One of his outstanding contributions to the field of vital statistics was while attending
the Fifth Decennial Revision of the International List of Causes of Death, in Paris, in
October, 1938, where, as the sole representative for Canada, Mr. Tracey had several pertinent points which he wished to gain, and, in the words of his American colleagues, " He just
went out and got them all. His was one of the finest individual contributions to the success
of the conference."
In International vital statistics he was just as broad-minded as he was in National
affairs. He co-operated very closely with the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and was a great
believer in the American Association of Registration Executives, and foresaw benefits that
would accrue to every Province by its hearty co-operation and support of that organization.
This big, quiet, though keenly humorous Irishman endeared himself to all those who had
the privilege of official and personal contact with him. At times he had very little to say, but,
when occasion demanded, his wise counsel and deep sense of fairness in dealing with problems
to the mutual benefit of all portrayed his real worth.  STATISTICAL SECTION
BEING A DETAILED ANALYSIS OF BIRTHS, DEATHS,
MARRIAGES, ADOPTIONS, AND DIVORCES
IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA
DURING the year
JANDARY 1ST TO DECEMBER 31ST
1939
CLASSIFIED BY TIME OP OCCURRENCE  VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 35
PART I—SUMMARY.
NATALITY.
ACTUAL BIRTHS.
The total number of living children born in the Province in the year 1939, including
Indians, was 12,373, as against 12,476 for the year 1938, giving a rate of 16 per 1,000
population, which is the same rate as that for 1938.
Table I. gives an analysis of births for the five-year period, 1935-39:—
Table I.
Year and Sex.
Total Births.
Born
alive.
Stillborn.
Single.
Born       Still-
alive,      born.
No.
Born     Still-
alive,    born.
Triplet.
No.
Born    Still-
alive,   born.
Legitimate.
Illegitimate.
Totals-
1935.
Totals-	
1936.
Totals 	
1987.
Male
Totals	
1938.
Totals	
1939.
Female 	
5,090
4,923
10,013
5,458
5,113
5,725
5,554
11,279
5,009
4,836
218
9,845
205
6,385
6,091
12,476 | 256
6,358 |
6,015 j
5,350
5,031
10,381
5,590
5,428
6,262
5,972
118
97
6,247
5,873
12,120
140
95
138
113
125
103
228
80
85
165
108
79
| 187
134
125
259
120
119
239
118
146
264
4,921
4,772
5,269
4,925
5,500
5,344
6,138
5,828
11,966
6,106
5,766
11,872
169
151
320
189
188
377
225
210
435
247
263
510
252
249 C 36
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Rate per IOOO
population
24-
13
O
1930      31
BIRTH     RATE
Diagram A
\ CANADA
32
33
34
35
36
37
38        39
Birth-rate.
(Live births per 1,000 population.)
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.
1934.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
B.C.	
16.1
23.9
18.9
15.0
23.2
18.0
14.4
22.5
17.4
13.5
20.9
16.5
13.5
20.5
17.1
13.6
20.3
16.9
14.1
20.0
16.7
15.0
19.8
17.0
16.0
20.5
17.6
16.0
20.3*
U.S.        	
17.3
* Preliminary figures only. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 37
NATURAL INCREASE.
The natural increase for the five-year period 1935-39 is shown in Table II.:—
Table II.
Male.
Female.
Both
Sexes.
Population
(estimated).
Rate of
Year.
Births.
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Births.
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Excess
of
Births
over
Deaths.
Natural
Increase
per 1,000
Population.
1935 	
1936	
5,090
5,458
5,725
6,385
6,358
4,141
4,433
4,853
4,703
4,714
949
1,025
872
1,682
1,644
4,923
5,113
5,554
6,091
6,015
2,716
2,789
3,120
2,757
2,803
2,207
2,324
2,434
3,334
3,212
3,156
3,349
3,306
5,016
4,856
735,000
760,000
751,000
761,000
774,000
4.29
4.46
1937. - 	
1938 -  	
1939	
4.40
6.59
6.27
STILL-BIRTHS.
Table III. shows the number of still-births and the rate per 1,0Q0 living births over the
five-year period 1935-39:—
Table III.
Year.
Number of
Still-births.
Number of
living Births.
Rate per 1,000
living Births.
1935                                           . ~         - - 	
218
222
247
256
239
10,013
10,571
11,279
12,476
12,373
21.8
1936                                                                            	
21.0
1937                                               —           	
21.9
1938                                                             .             ..                         	
20 5
1939                               	
19.3
MORTALITY.
MORTALITY GROUPS.
Table IV. shows deaths according to the International List classification groups of causes
of death:—
Table IV.
Classification Group.
1937.
1938.
1939.
2,041
429
1,787
497
419
466
52
13
14
54
214
151
682
38
2,210
417
1,887
562
450
511
50
20
20
60
194
109
680
52
2,716
358
2,007
610
450
511
51
22
23
71
250
109
742
53
2,142
311
2,133
555
467
545
48
19
33
67
259
109
722
50
2,151
2,297
38
223
111
745
23
Totals  -	
6,857
7,222
7,973
7,460
7,517
9.3
9.6
10.6
9.8
9.7 C 38
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Rate per IOOO
population
DEATH   RATE
Diagram B
1930     3!
* Preliminary figures only.
Death-rate.
(Deaths per 1,000 population.)
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.
1934.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
9.5
10.7
11.3
8.8
10.1
11.1
8.7
9.9
10.9
8.7
9.6
10.7
8.8
9.4
11.0
9.3
9.7
10.9
9.6
9.7
11.5
10.6
10.2
11.2
9.8
9.5
10.6
10.7* VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 39
AGE AND SEX MORTALITY.
There were 7,517 deaths in the Province for the year 1939, and of these 4,714 were males
and 2,803 females. The rate per 1,000 population was 9.7 as against 9.8 in the year 1938.
Table V. shows deaths by age and sex:—
Table V.
Year and Sex.
Git
Oi
Oi
Ci
Oi
Oi
Oi
Ol
m
u
13
(fl
=>£
1-1 ta
W pj
« n
* tn'
« d
• go
-2 rt
o0*
« to
JH  3
O (3
•+J oj
■5 d
45 oj
o C
^ oi
U9$H
s£
s£
3iS
§£
§£
g£
z£
g£
fe
1935.
Male	
Female.-.
1936.
Male	
Female
1937.
Male	
Female ....
1938.
Male	
Female.	
1939.
Male	
Female	
257
203
255
210
362
268
325
231
286
197
26
21
13
11
135
107
141
117
146
134
146
107
148
108
206
153
203
196
219
180
211
161
208
140
231
151
213
175
230
172
213
153
239
125
234
392
233
417
269
381
186
347
199
678
361
736
398
803
405
778
372
837
453
895
452
1017
494
834
531
973
536
954
574
973    1013
487      568
811  |  999 , 1015
364  I 516 '   606
361
320
421
274
418
361
450
316
489
375
4,141
2,716
4,433
2,789
4,853
3,120
4,703
2,757
4,714
2,803 C. 40
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
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«.2 THE FOUR CHIEF CAUSES OF DEATH IN THE DIFFERENT AGE-GROUPS,
OTHER THAN INDIANS.
The Division has been questioned from time to time concerning the influence of Indian
deaths on the mortality picture for the Province as a whole. Rather than make an extensive
analysis, it was considered that a breakdown similar to that shown in Table VII., " The Four
Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups," would be indicative of the effect of
Indian deaths on the mortality statistics of the Province.
It is a known fact that Indians die at a relatively younger age than the contemporary
white population. For instance, 352 Indians died under the age of 30 years out of a total
of 575 deaths. In other words, 61.2 per cent, of the Indian deaths were under 30 years
of age. On the other hand, 17.4 per cent, of the total deaths for the Province were in the
same age-group, and, when the Indian deaths are deducted, this figure drops to 13.7 per cent.
for " Other than Indian " population. The most significant fact in causing this situation is
the large number of Indian deaths from Tuberculosis, especially in the younger age-groups.
For example, out of a total of 352 Indian deaths under age 30, there were 150 deaths due to
Tuberculosis, or 45.7 per cent. Comparing the " Other than Indian " deaths it is found that
only 107 deaths out of 952 under age 30 were due to Tuberculosis, or 11.2 per cent.
A study of the breakdown of the four chief causes of death when Indian deaths are
excluded in the different age-groups reveals a decrease in the relative position of Tuberculosis
as a cause of death, especially in the younger age-groups. Tuberculosis is not a considerable
factor in deaths under one year of age, either for the population as a whole or for Indians.
When the Indian deaths are excluded, it is found that deaths from pneumonia and bronchitis
drop from third to fourth place in order of importance. When deaths from Tuberculosis of
Indians between the ages of 1 and 4 years are subtracted from the total Tuberculosis deaths
in this age-group, there is a drop from 21 to 8 deaths. Influenza drops out of the picture, on
exclusion of Indian deaths, and Congenital Malformations and Diarrhoea and Enteritis
become third and fourth in rank respectively. In the 5-9 age-group, Tuberculosis deaths
drop from first to third place, or from 32 deaths to 4, by exclusion of Indian mortality figures.
In the 10-19 age-group Tuberculosis drops from first to second place by the deduction of
the 58 Indian deaths from Tuberculosis. Similarly, in the 20-29 age-group, Tuberculosis
deaths drop from first to second place.
After the age of 30, the order of causes of death remains relatively unchanged, principally
because the greatest number of Indian deaths, as previously pointed out, occur in the younger
age-groups. C 42
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
The Four Chief Causes op Death in the Different Age-groups.
Table VII. shows the four chief causes of death in each age-group for the year 1939,
including Indians. _ ._„
Table VII.
1939—Deaths, including Indians, 7,517.
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death.
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death.
Per Cent, of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes.
Per Cent, of
Deaths at all
Ages from
Specified
Causes.
Deaths from
Specified
Causes at all
Ages.
159
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 483.
133
66
64
39
25
21
17
8
32
18
6
6
3
88
67
14
10
106
92
18
16
110
67
28
24
113
84
82
62
255
233
129
78
377
308
136
79
681
416
350
153
27.5
13.7
13.3
8.1
20.0
16.8
13.6
6.4
34.8
19.6
6.5
6.5
3.3
34.4
26.2
5.5
3.9
30.5
26.4
5.2
4.6
30.2
18.4
7.7
6.6
20.7
15.4
15.0
11.4
21.7
19.8
11.0
6.6
24.9
20.3
9.0
5.2
26.2
16.0
13.4
5.9
100.0
81.5
16.5
100.0
3.4
3.8
4.4
8.2
5.8
2.4
23.1
8.1
33.3
15.9
9.0
18.9
0.7    '
19.2
12.3
47.4
1.1
14.8
12.1
1.9
2.3
10.8
5.8
11.0
11.2
17.5
22.3
17.3
14.1
26.9
29.5
22.0
10.6
46.8
67.4
33.5
43.8
133
81
106-109
388
160
39
163-198
1-4 Years—Deaths, 125.
745
23-32
106-109
2. Tuberculosis    .  —
552
388
11
4. Influenza   	
5-9 Years—Deaths, 92.
97
552
745
56
26
121
115 (b)
23-32
3. Appendicitis  ,  	
74
9
10-19 Years—Deaths, 256.
1. Tuberculosis.. — —
552
745
121
3. Appendicitis  —	
74
1,454
20-29 Years—Deaths, 348.
552
745
140-150
90-95
163-198
3. Pregnancy..	
4. Diseases of the heart 	
80-89 Years—Deaths, 364.
1. Violent or accidental deaths  	
38
1,454
745
552
1,454
1,044
40-49 Years—Deaths, 546.
1,044
1,454
745
552
50-59 Years—Deaths, 1,175.
1. Heart                           	
1,454
45 53
1,044
163 198
745
23 32
552
60-69 Years—Deaths, 1,515.
1,454
45 53
1,044
97 & 99
617
745
90 95
70 and over—Deaths, 2,603.
1,454
97 & 99
617
45 53
1,044
349
|	 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 43
The Four Chief Causes of Death in the Different Age-groups.
Table VIII. shows the four chief causes of death in each age-group under 30 years of age
for the year 1939, excluding Indians.
Table VIII.
1939—Deaths, other than Indians.
Int. List
No.
Cause of Death.
Deaths in
Age-groups
by Cause
of Death.
Per Cent, of
Deaths in
Age-groups
due to Specified Causes.
Per Cent, of
Deaths at all
Ages from
Specified
Causes.
Deaths from
Specified
Causes at all
Ages.
159
Under 1 Year—Deaths, 353.
121
62
35
30
21
8
8
6
3
15
6
6
4
3
65
30
13
6
85
62
15
15
10
_|
34.3
17.6
9.9
8.5
27.3
10.4
10.4
7.8
3.9
28.3
11.3
11.3
7.5
5.5
36.3
16.8
7.3
3.4
29.3
21.4
5.2
5.2
3.4
100.0
80.5
100.0
9.2
3.0
2.3
2.5
7.8
8.3
2.1
23.1
8.3
1.1
37.5
9.2
8.5
18.1
0.4
12.1
17.6
1.1
57.7
13.9
121
157
160
2. Congenital malformations	
77
35
106-109
326
163 198
1-4 Years—Deaths, 77.
703
23-32
106-109
2. Tuberculosis     	
353
326
157
77
119-120
163-198
4. Diarrhoea and enteritis... ,	
5-9 Years—Deaths, 53.
36
703
56
26
121
72
23-32
353
115 (b)
8
163-198
10-19 Years—Deaths, 179.
703
23-32
121
90 95
2. Tuberculosis -  	
3. Appendicitis-   -	
353
72
1,422
163-198
20-29 Years—Deaths, 290.
703
23-32
90-95
2. Tuberculosis —     ,.   .
353
1,422
140 150
26
121
72 C 44
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
MORTALITY FROM NOTIFIABLE DISEASES.
Table IX. shows the deaths from notifiable diseases as required by the Dominion Council
of Health, for the five-year period, 1935-39:—
Table IX.
Cause of Death.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
893
6
8
1
4
7
139
8
1
159
173
1
6
2
1
2
3
565
7
9
49
2
934
9
2
5
1
4
13
4
162
2
19
......
160
234
7
7
5
6
1
1
562
6
17
64
1
1
1,038
4
2
1
17
1
348
173
1
	
175
245
9
8
5
1
602
10
......
29
S3
2
987
3
1
4
4
111
1
11
2
1
1
162
223
4
7
4
3
1
1
535
.....
7
1
31
48
2
1,044
4
Chicken-pox    . - .„  	
1
3
2
6
97
1
2
Pneumonia—
106
211
3
3
2
5
1
1
1
552
4
Typhus fever      — 	
1
17
Venereal disease—
63
1 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 45
MORTALITY FROM ACCIDENTS.
Automobile and motor-cycle accidents again claimed the most " accidental death " victims
during 1939, there being a total of 120—91 males, 29 females—as against 110—88 males,
22 females—for 1938
Table X. shows the special classes of accidental deaths (included also under the numbers
of the International List of Causes of Deaths) :—
Table X.
Int.
List No.
Cause of Death.
Total.
Male.
Female.
183
186
193
194
185
186
194
181
186
178
180
183
186
178
183
186
A.—Accidents in mines and quarries..
Accidental drowning	
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide
Accidents due to electric currents. 	
Other accidents  	
B.—Accidents caused by machines-
Accidental injury by cutting or piercing instruments-
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide	
Other accidents    	
C.—Railway accidents   	
Accidental burns (conflagration excepted)	
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide..
D.—Street-car accidents-
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide..
E.—Automobile and motor-cycle accidents-
Accidental absorption of toxic gases	
Conflagration 	
Accidental drowning	
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide..
F.—Other land transportation-
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide..
G.—Water transportation-
Accidental absorption of toxic gases..
Accidental drowning  	
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide..
H.—Air transportation  	
Accidental injury by fall, crushing, or landslide-
Total accidental deaths 	
17
21
1
17
1
2
16
4
9
28
2
26
29
4
19
6
1
1
4
25 C 46
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
INFANT MORTALITY.
The infant mortality rate for British Columbia for the year 1939 shows a marked decrease
over the year 1938, being 39 as against 44.6.
Table XI. gives the principal causes of death of children under 1 year of age for the
period 1935-39:—
Table XI.
Cause of Death.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
123
18
45
18
39
35
22
7
19
7
15
8
104
114
24
47
24
36
30
23
9
13
6
17
19
103
159
21
63
28
43
29
25
16
31
5
14
65
131
162
23
60
29
51
37
29
20
2
19
2
118
133
19
66
11
33
39
26
11
16
4
Tuberculosis     	
10
115
Totals	
460
465
630
556
483
10,013
10,571
11,279
12,476
12,373
Rate per 1,000 living births—  	
45.9
43.9
55.8
44.6
39.0 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 47
Rate per 1000
live births
INFANT  MORTALITY
Diagram C
Infant Mortality.
(Infant deaths per 1,000 live births.)
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.
1934.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
British Columbia 	
Canada   ...   	
United States  	
51.7
89.3
64.6
49.4
84.7
61.6
46.7
73.3
57.6
45.8
73.1
58.1
43.4
72.0
60.1
45.9
71.0
55.7
43.9
66.0
57.1
55.8
76.0
54.4
44.6
63.3
51.0
39.0
61.0*
48.2*
* Preliminary figures only. C 48
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
MATERNAL MORTALITY.
Deaths from puerperal diseases show a decrease again in 1939—38 as against 48 for
1938—giving maternal mortality rates of 3.1 and 3.8 respectively.
Table XII. shows the maternal deaths together with the various causes for the period
1935-39.
Table XII.
Cause of Death.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
Accidents of pregnancy—
17
1
7
4
6
6
8
3
21
5
1
1
6
7
2
4
3
	
14
6
4
2
2
9
6
8
17
1
4
1
1
7
2
13
2
12
(6.)   Ectopic gestation   .*.  -
2
7
Other accidents of childbirth—
2
3
1
Puerperal albuminuria and convulsions  —
Following childbirth (not otherwise denned) 	
Puerperal diseases of the breast-   —
2
2
Totals 	
52
50
51
48
38
5.1
4.7
4.5
3.8
3.1 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 49
Rate per /OOO
live births
7.o
6.0
5.o
4.o
3.o
MATERNAL  MORTALITY
Diagram  D
CANADA
1930     31
32       33        34       35        36      37       38      39
Maternal Mortality.
(Maternal deaths per 1,000 live births.)
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.
1934.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
5.8
5.8
6.7
6.3
5.1
6.6
5.3
5.0
6.3
4.7
5.0
6.2
5.1
5.3
5.9
5.2
4.9
5.8
4.7
5.6
5.7
4.5
4.9
4.9
3.8
4.6
4.4
3.1
4.2*
* Preliminary figures only. C 50
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
MORTALITY FROM TUBERCULOSIS.
Deaths attributed to tuberculosis during the year numbered 552—males 338, females
214—an increase of 17 over the previous year; the rate per 1,000 population was 0.71 as
against 0.70 in the year 1938.
Table XIII. shows the distribution of deaths from tuberculosis by the various organs and
sites affected, for the five-year period 1935-39:—
Table XIII.
Cause of Death.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
476
36
18
7
2
9
17
479
34
11
9
3
7
19
501
39
14
11
1
8
28
453
35
14
7
2
10
14
470
40
8
3
2
11
Disseminated tuberculosis 	
18
Totals.	
565
562
602
535
552
8.23
7.78
7.55
7.17
7.34
0.76
0.74
0.80
0.70
0.71
MORTALITY FROM CANCER.
There was an increase in the number of deaths from cancer for the year 1939—1,044,
being 585 males and 459 females—an increase of 57 over 1938.
Table XIV. shows the distribution of deaths from cancer by the various organs and sites
affected:—
Table XIV.
Cause of Death.
1935.
1939.
Buccal cavity. _	
Digestive tract and peritoneum-
Respiratory— 	
Female genital organs..
Breast	
Skin... 	
Other sites and not specified-
Totals	
30
433
51
110
70
16
183
Per cent, of all deaths..
Rate per 1,000 population-
471
40
84
95
16
190
934
12.93
1.24
41
521
57
113
97
12
197
1,038
13.02
27
479
70
108
106
15
182
987
13.23
1.30
33
531
72
106
97
19
186
1,044
13.89 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 51
MARRIAGES.
The number of marriages in the year 1939 was 7,862, an increase of 1,727 over the year
1938, giving a rate of 10.2 per 1,000 of population as against 8.1 for the previous year.
Table XV. gives the number of marriages solemnized, by conjugal condition of the contracting parties and rate per 1,000 of population during the five-year period 1935-39:—■
Table XV.
Conjugal Condition op Contracting Parties.
Total
Number of
Year.
Single.
Widowed.
Divorced.
Marriage
Rate per 1,000
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
1935   	
4,544
4,552
320
286
170
196
5,034
6.8
1936 .... 	
4,877
4,947
350
291
224
213
5,451
7.3
1937.    	
5,542
5,590
378
328
371
273
6,191
8.2
1938 	
5,438
5,486
392
344
305
305
6,135
8.1
1939 	
7,149
7,128
391
360
322
374
7,862
10.2 C 52
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
Rate per IOOO
population
O
MARRIAGE  RATE
Diagram  E
1930      31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
33
Marriage-rate.
(Number of marriages per 1,000 population.)
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.
1934.
1935.
1936.
1937.
1938.
1939.
6.9
7.0
7.9
5.6
6.4
7.6
5.1
6.0
7.7
5.7
6.0
7.9
6.6
6.8
9.0
6.8
7.0
8.6
7.3
7.3
8.7
8.2
7.9
8.8
8.1
7.9
8.7f
10.2
9.2*
Canada	
* Preliminary figures only.
f Taken from Whittaker's Almanac, 1940. PART II
TABLES OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, MARRIAGES, ADOPTIONS,
AND DIVORCES IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
1939 C 54
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
TABLE 1.—GENERAL SUMMARY OF BIRTHS, DEATHS, AND MARRIAGES IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA, BY CENSUS DIVISIONS, CITIES, AND VILLAGE OF 1,000
POPULATION AND OVER, 1939.
BIRTH
3
;of
s).
DEATHS.
•A
tt
H
tt
r-i
tt
tt
tt
y
m
province, divisions,
cities, and
VILLAGE.
(Exclusiv
Still-birth
All Ages.
Under
1 Year.
1-4
Years.
5 Years
and over.
t
tt
<
r-i
tt
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F-
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
F.
tt
<
s
12,373
361
1,005
999
5,980
1,985
144
465
126
213
357
255
8
22
242
29
3
"179
8
2
1
68
201
46
24
231
212
47
38
201
221
790
188
228
6,358
199
518
530
3,091
1,010
82
246
54
103
182
120
3
10
108
15
1
~   86
4
1
1
38
116
25
13
129
117
24
18
94
118
411
105
103
55
58
38
52
182
2,120
104
448
57
6,015
162
487
469
2,889
975
62
219
72
110
175
135
5
12
134
14
2
""¥3
4
1
~ 30
85
21
11
102
95
23
20
107
103
379
83
125
1
52
68
34
50
181
1,987
103
435
46
7,517
177
327
406
4,139
1,405
84
328
62
112
136
109
10
17
138
19
2
46
29
2
11
25
46
26
27
125
61
19
16
123
84
317
104
53
2
7
48
69
21
25
52
2,798
72
744
29
4,714
114
206
252
2,615
835
54
217
35
68
92
71
7
9
96
11
2
SO
19
1
5
13
23
16
20
95
37
9
11
80
58
202
60
36
2
4
38
53
11
18
39
1,767
39
433
22
2,803
63
121
154
1,524
570
30
111
27
44
44
38
3
8
42
8
"Tie
10
1
6
12
23
10
7
30
24
10
5
43
26
115
44
17
3
10
16
10
7
13
1,031
33
311
7
286
11
17
28
96
40
9
19
7
11
8
16
1
4
11
 8
1
3
3
6
4
3
1
16
1
1
 3
6
1
2
7
63
9
16
1
197
7
21
16
61
30
6
9
7
5
6
10
1
3
12
1
2
1
3
1
1
4
3
2
5
7
2
3
i
4
2
1
4
39
5
15
1
61
1
3
8
18
7
3
6
2
4
1
1
__
1
1
1
2
4
1
1
1
11
1
4
64
2
5
4
17
9
3
4
4
3
3
6
___
1
_
~ 1
1
1
" 1
2
2
__
__
4,367
102
186
216
2,501
788
42
192
26
53
83
55
6
5
80
11
1
20
19
1
5
11
20
16
16
88
32
9
11
77
55
182
59
34
1
4
35
46
10
16
31
1,693
29
413
21
2,542
54
95
134
1,446
531
21
98
16
36
35
22
2
5
28
6
239
13
14
16
128
36
1
7
8
5
1
1
4
2
3
2
1
2
1
3
2
2
2
4
5
22
4
5
1
3
3
1
3
88
3
14
3
7,862
144
354
452
Division No. 1- —
Division No. 2 	
4,699
1,484
43
Division No. 5a.— —	
Division No. 6a 	
Division No. 6b—  	
Division No. 7  	
204
48
62
129
Division No. 8b
68
5
Division No. 9b             —
5
105
10
Division No. 10a	
13
10
1
6
10
19
9
6
25
21
10
5
40
21
106
42
12
3
9
12
8
4
9
978
28
295
6
50
Cities—
Chilliwack	
Courtenay —   	
Cranbrook-	
61
37
57
19
Duncan   	
54
30
Grand Forks   	
Kamloops 	
Kelowna 	
19
112
85
12
Merritt   .	
Nanaimo. 	
Nelson	
8
162
135
308
89
Port Moody	
1
107
126
72
102
363
4,107
207
883
103
13
Prince Rupert—	
73
16
Trail 	
Vancouver      . . 	
3,496
95
645
42
NOTE.—" Age not stated " included in 5 years and over. VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 55
TABLE 2.—BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED AS
RURAL AND URBAN IN THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
TOTAL.
MONTHS.
PROVINCE AND DIVISIONS.
C
d
r&
11
tt
u
rt
a
<
d
s
6
i
3
l-s
bo
«0
Pi
OJ
ta
O
>
o
z
o
OJ
p
12,373
3,796
■8,577
361
314
47
1
46
1,005
247
758
221
72
102
363
999
556
443
24
212
207
5,980
783
5,197
8
790
188
1,039
314
725
32
28
4
889
274
615
26
22
4
1,093
351
742
35
32
3
984
292
692
30
22
8
1,085
338
747
30
25
5
1,056
326
730
30
28
2
1,030
328
702
21
20
1
1,104
356
748
36
27
9
1
8
94
22
72
20
6
11
35
93
54
39
3
20
16
505
76
429
57
14
1,027
292
735
31
28
3
1,053
306
747
28
24
4
1,001
307
694
33
31
2
1,012
700
Urban  —	
2
Fernie  	
Division No. 2— 	
4
87
19
68
16
4
11
37
83
41
42
5
18
19
488
62
426
1
55
14
4
79
18
61
14
10
7
30
65
44
21
3
95
29
66
21
7
9
29
83
48
35
1
20
14
530
60
470
61
13
8
83
20
63
27
6
8
22
78
40
38
2
23
13
505
60
445
72
16
5
80
14
66
16
6
8
36
86
39
47
3
21
23
540
80
460
2
63
13
2
68
21
47
14
4
3
26
90
57
33
2
16
15
536
71
465
1
76
22
1
102
28
74
23
7
13
31
71
40
31
2
11
18
483
69
414
62
19
3
77
16
61
19
8
2
32
85
47
38
18
20
507
60
447
1
74
18
4
78
20
58
18
4
6
30
88
44
44
2
18
24
493
48
445
1
78
15
2
87
17
70
24
3
11
32
80
49
31
1
11
19
486
76
410
67
10
2
75
Nelson   	
9
7
Rural    —	
Urban  —  	
53
44
Kelowna    	
12
9
414
52
362
1
60
19
24
Division No. 4   	
Rural     	
493
69
424
1
4.107
103
1,985
355
1,630
2
68
201
47
201
228
883
144
144
465
196
269
231
38
126
126
213
213
357
250
107
107
255
255
8
8
22
22
242
116
126
126
29
29
3
3
1
320
12
186
41
145
~i
17
4
17
25
76
10
10'
41
21
20
18
2
13
13
17
17
25
15
10
10
17
17
2
2
1
1
20
13
7
7
5
5
1
1
"340
11
163
25
138
10
21
8
15
24
60
14
14
44
14
30
28
2
9
9
26
26
37
22
15
15
23
23
1
1
20
7
13
13
1
1
"323
10'
154
26
128
2
19
6
20
15
66
18
18
42
16
26
22
4
7
'   7
18
18
27
13
14
14
18
18
2
2
16
3
13
13
Vancouver    	
353
3
178
28
150
3
11
1
21
24
90
9
9
38
21
17
15
2
14
14
19
19
33
27
6
6
13
13
273
9
149
22
127
387
9
167
38
129
350
7
145
28
117
8
13
6
18
19
53
10
10
24
16
8
7
1
11
11
14
14
23
17
6
6
25
25
1
1
2
2
17
10
7
7
371
11
180
42
138
1
7
19
1
22
19
69
6
6
33
16
17
15
2
12
12
17
17
33
27
6
6
27
27
5
5
18
10
8
8
2
2
1
1
361
5
167
27
140
6
21
5
11
16
81
13
13
44
19
25
21
4
5
5
21
21
29
20
9
9
17
17
2
2
14
5
9
9
2
2
354
4
187
33
154
	
2
18
2
20
25
87
15
15
35
17
18
18
15
15
22
22
35
26
9
9
21
21
31
13
18
18
1
1
1
1
338
16
156
24
132
1
6
10
5
16
14
80
12
12
46
15
31
28
3
5
5
17
17
31
21
10
10
24
24
1
1
	
18
5
13
13
2
2
337
Division No. 5a  — -
153
21
132
Cumberland  	
5
17
2
9
19
75
15
15
31
10
21
11
10'
13
13
12
12
27
21
6
6
17
17
1
1
2
2
25
12
13
13
5
5
6
19
2
18
14
70
9
9
44
17
27
22
5
15
15
17
17
33
27
6
6
24
24
2
2
3
3
20
14
6
6
5
5
'  7
16
5
Nanaimo     —
14
14
76
Division No. 5b— -  	
Rural  —
13
13
43
14
Urban
29
Kamloops  	
Merritt     —
Division No. 6b    	
26
3
7
7
13
13
24
14
10
10
Division No. 8b     -
29
29
1
4
4
24
12
12
12
2
2
1
Division No. 9c  - 	
19
12
7
7
Division No. 9d  - 	
4
4
179
179
15
15
8
8
"Ti
ii
""" 16
16
15
15
18
18
15
15
"is
13
 15
15
28
28
13
13
12
12 C 56
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
TABLE 3.—TOTAL LIVE BIRTHS AND LIVE BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS, SHOWING
THE NUMBER OF MOTHERS NON-RESIDENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL LIVE BIRTHS.
IN INSTITUTIONS.
PROVINCE.
Total.
Mothers
Non-resident
in Province.
Total.
Mothers
Non-resident
in Province.
12,373
56
10,149
49
TABLE 4.—BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) TO RESIDENT AND NONRESIDENT MOTHERS, AND BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS IN CITIES OF 5,000
POPULATION AND OVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL BIRTHS.
CITIES.
Total.
To Resident
Mothers.
To Mothers Non-resident in
City where Birth occurred and
Resident in
Province.
Non-resident
in Province.
Kamloops..
Nanaimo.-
Nelson-
New Westminster-
North Vancouver...
Prince Rupert	
Trail — 	
Vancouver	
Victoria  —	
231
201
221
790
188
126
363
4,107
82
119
118
339
108
83
258
3,471
437
149
82
102
450
80
43
105
610
440
26
6
BIRTHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
229
182
208
777
179
121
358
3,657
864
80
104
109
329
102
79
253
3,044
419
149
78
98
447
77
42
105
587
439
1
1
Trail 1 ......  ....   —	
26
Victoria   —  — 	
6
BIRTHS ELSEWHERE THAN IN INSTITUTIONS.
Kamloops -	
Nanaimo .	
Nelson 	
New Westminster-
North Vancouver___
Prince Rupert	
Trail 	
Vancouver	
Victoria- „	 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 57
TABLE 5.—BIRTHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) CLASSIFIED AS LEGITIMATE OR ILLEGITIMATE FOR THE PROVINCE AND CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
PROVINCE AND
TOTAL BIRTHS.
LEGITIMATE.
ILLEGITIMATE.
CITIES.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total for the Province	
Cities of 5,000 and over—
12,373
231
201
221
790
188
126
363
4,107
883
6,358
129
94
118
411
105
58
182
2,120
448
6,015
102
107
103
379
83
68
181
1,987
435
11,872
223
200
209
776
182
122
359
3,879
858
6,106
124
93
111
406
103
65
180
1,996
435
5,766
99
107
98
370
79
67
179
1,883
423
501
8
1
12
14
6
4
4
228
25
252
5
1
7
5
2
3
2
124
13
249
3
Nanaimo 	
Nelson 	
5
9
North Vancouver	
Prince Rupert	
Trail	
Vancouver 	
Victoria —	
4
1
2
104
12
TABLE 6.—PLURAL BIRTHS CLASSIFIED TO SHOW NUMBER OF CHILDREN
BORN ALIVE AND STILL-BORN BY SEX, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
CLASSIFICATION OF BIRTHS.
Twin births        	
Two males (both living)..
One male and one female (both living)..
Two females (both living)	
One male living and one male still-born-
One male still-born and one female living .
One female living and one female still-born-
One male and one female (both still-born) —
Total multiple births  	
Number.
132
31
44
47
5
1
Total single live births..
..No.
-M.
-F.
1
132
118
146
Total single still-births..
Total confinements .
..No. 12,120
-M.    6,247
5,873
228
125
103
12,480
,F.
..No.
...M.
-F. c
58
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
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C 61
TABLE 10.—DEATHS OP CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OP STILLBIRTHS) BY MONTHS, CLASSIFIED AS RURAL AND URBAN IN EACH
CENSUS DIVISION, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
<
H
O
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MONTHS.
PROVINCE AND DIVISIONS.
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3
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483
232
251
18
17
1
1
38
15
23
6
3
3
11
44
19
25
4
7
14
157
27
130
23
2
1
102
2
70
22
48
2
6
5
4
31
15
15
28
18
10
10
14
14
16
16
14
10
4
4
26
26
2
2
7
7
23
13
10
10
1
1
10
54
32
22
4
4
5
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
11
3
8
~~8
11
2
9
1
1
1
2
4
3
3
6
4
2
2
1
1
2
2
3
3
2
2
1
1
3
3
1
1
39
23
16
1
1
4
3
1
1
8
2
6
6
8
3
5
1
1
3
1
1
5
2
3
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
3
4
4
1
1
44
22
22
1
1
4
2
2
1
1
5
2
3
3
14
1
13
2
11
6
4
2
2
1
1
3
3
3
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
46
22
24
7
4
3
2
1
4
1
3
3
16
2
14
3
1
10
5
2
3
1
2
2
2
1
1
5
5
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
31
15
16
1
1
1
"i
l
3
__
1
2
11
1
10
1
9
2
2
1
1
2
2
3
3
1
1
2
2
1
1
3
3
36
23
13
1
1
3
2
1
......
2
1
1
1
14
5
9
~~2
7
2
1
1
1
5
5
1
1
1
1
3
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
28
13
15
1
1
1
1
1
13
3
10
2
8
6
3
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
37
14
23
1
1
2
1
1
1
10
4
6
3
3
10
10
1
9
5
1
4
1
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
3
2
1
1
44
11
33
2
2
5
1
4
1
1
2
2
2
2
23
3
20
7
12
1
4
4
2
2
	
3
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
42
18
24
2
1
1
~1
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
13
4
9
2
6
1
11
3
8
2
6
2
2
1
1
1
2
2
3
2
1
1
2
2
30
15
15
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
4
3
1
1
7
1
6
2
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
2
___
2
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
24
28
3
3
1
Trail —                 	
■>
1
?
8
2
Kelowna   	
Vernon.  	
Division No. 4                        	
17
2
15
?
North Vancouver- 	
1
Vancouver    	
12
Division No. 5a  — 	
8
3
Urban	
5
2
Ladysmith...   	
Victoria   	
Division No. 5b—   	
3
1
5
4
1
1
Division No. 6b 	
1
1
1
1
Rural    	
Division No. 8b 	
3
3
Division No. 9b.	
1
1
Division No. 9c 	
Rural    	
1
1
Prince Rupert	
Division No. 9d	
1
Division No. 10a 	
1
10
1 C 62
PROVINCIAL BOARD OP HEALTH.
TABLE 11.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OP STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE, SHOWING THE
NUMBER NON-RESIDENT IN BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR.
IN INSTITUTIONS.
PROVINCE.
Total.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.    1    F.
1
Total.
M.
F.
483
286
197
—
290
1
174  I    116
1
TABLE 12.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS OF CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR OP AGE, CLASSIFIED
ACCORDING TO RESIDENCE OF DECEDENTS, IN CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL DEATHS UNDER ONE YEAR.
Total.
Residents.
Non-resident in City where Death
occurred and
CITIES.
Resident in
Province.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Kamloops    	
10
5
6
23
2
10
11
102
31
6
3
1
16
6
7
63
16
4
2
5
7
2
4
4
39
15
6
2
3
9
"l
7
91
19
4
1
6
"i"
5
56
11
2
1
3
3
' S
2
35
8
4
3
3
14
2
3
4
11
12
2
2
1
10
2
2
7
5
2
1
2
4
2
1
2
4
7
-
—
--
Prince Rupert  _
Trail 	
—
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
9
4
5
22
2
9
10
81
25
5
3
1
16
5
6
49
14
4
1
4
6
2
4
4
33
11
5
1
2
9
6
6
72
14
3
1
1
"3
4
42
10
2
""2"
3
"3"
2
30
4
4
3
3
13
2
3
4
9
11
2
2
1
10
2
2
6
4
2
1
2
3
2
1
2
3
7
Nanaimo 	
North Vancouver       	
Prince Rupert   	
Trail
Vancouver  	
DEATHS ELSEWHERE THAN IN INSTITUTIONS.
Kamloops  	
1
1
1
1
T
1
21
6
1
~i
1
15
2
1
1
1
"6
4
1
1
1
.-.
1
19
5
1
_
1
14
1
1
1
~5
4
"i
"2"
1
"i"
1
"i
"1
—
-
—
North Vancouver 	
Prince Rupert 	
Trail    	
--
Vancouver.—  .
— VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 63
TABLE 13.—DEATHS OP CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR (EXCLUSIVE OP STILLBIRTHS)   BY AGE AT DEATH, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
AGES.
No.
AGES.
 Total
483
286
197
98
64
34
34
14
20
29
18
11
23
15
8
17
13
4
13
9
4
6
1
5
220
134
86
27
20
7
16
10
6
10
7
3
Under 1 r
1 month
2 months
3 months
4 months
5 months
6 months
7 months
8 months
9 months
10 months
11 months
 Total
273
  M.
 M.
 F.
171
 F.
102
  -Total
ind under 2 months 	
 Total
. .....M.
...   _._... F.
 Total
28
...  M.
 F.
17
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
and under
11
  Total
32
  M.
 —.M.
  F.
 Total
16
 —F.
Ifi
  ..Total
27
 M.
5 months	
 M.
 F.
 Total
 M.
  F.
 Total
17
  F.
10
 Total
26
  M.
11
 ...F.
15
  Total
22
 M.
  M.
 F.
11
  F.
11
    Total
   M.
 Total
12
  M.
-..-  F.
 Total
5
 F.
7
  Total
13
 M.
 M.
  F.
7
  F.
6
 Total
9 months  	
 Total
  —M.
 F.
16
 —M.
 F.
10
6
 ..Total
  Total
14
 M.
  F.
   M.
 F.
8
6
 ..Total
  M.
— .Total
13
 —M.
       F.
9
.  F.
 Total
  M.
   F.
4
 Total
7
  M.
  ... F.
4
3
TABLE 14.—DEATHS OP CHILDREN UNDER ONE YEAR OF AGE (EXCLUSIVE
OF STILL-BIRTHS) CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO RACIAL ORIGIN OF DECEDENTS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
RACIAL ORIGIN.
All origins
English   	
Irish	
Scottish  	
Welsh	
French
Armenian 	
Austrian  —	
Belgian   _ 	
Bulgarian	
Chinese    	
Czech and Slovak .
Danish   _ 	
Dutch    	
Finnish    	
German  	
Greek  	
Hindu	
No.
483
152
.    24
.    5.3
4
12
"i
2
1
1
2
1
5
1
11
RACIAL ORIGIN.
Hungarian
Icelandic 	
Indian   —	
Italian	
Japanese ....
Jewish  	
Negro  	
Norwegian
Polish  	
Roumanian
Russian
Serb and Croat
Swedish	
Swiss   	
Syrian    	
Ukrainian*	
Other
Not specified .
No.
130
8
20
4
1
7
4
10
1
"5
2
9
* Including Galician and Bukovinian. C 64
PROVINCIAL BOARD OP HEALTH.
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HOI VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 67
TABLE 18.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS
IN INSTITUTIONS, SHOWING THE NUMBER NON-RESIDENT IN BRITISH
COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL DEATHS.
IN INSTITUTIONS.
PROVINCE.
Total.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
British Columbia	
7,517
4,714
2,803
36
23
13
4,043
2,677
1,366
19
13
6
TABLE 19.—TOTAL DEATHS (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS) AND DEATHS IN
INSTITUTIONS, CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO RESIDENCE OF DECEDENTS,
IN CITIES OF 5,000 POPULATION AND OVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
ALL DEATHS.
Total.
Residents.
Non-resident in City where Death
occurred and
CITIES.
Resident in
Province.
Non-resident in
Province.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
Total.
M.
F.
125
123
84
317
104
69
52
2,798
744
95
80
58
202
60
53
39
1,767
433
30
43
26
115
44
16
13
1,031
311
61
85
56
147
77
52
40
2,445
499
49
53
36
92
45
41
30
1,522
288
12
32
20
55
32
11
10
923
211
64
38
28
168
27
16
12
338
242
46
27
22
110
15
11
9
234
143
18
11
6
58
12
5
3
104
99
2
1
1
New Westminster 	
North Vancouver 	
Prince Rupert	
Trail
2
4
Victoria   	
3
2
1
DEATHS IN INSTITUTIONS.
DEATHS ELSEWHERE THAN IN INSTITUTIONS.
Kamloops 	
110
68
58
258
64
49
39
1,654
557
80
45
45
167
36
38
29
1,144
330
80'
23
13
91
28
11
10
510
227
49
34
30
93
41
36
27
1,340
325
37
21
23
59
23
29
20
925
192
12
13
7
34
18
7
7
415
133
61
34
28
164
23
13
12
304
230
43
24
22
108
13
9
9
212
137
18
10
6
56
10
4
3
92
93
1
~io
2
7
1
1
North Vancouver	
Prince Rupert 	
Trail          	
3
Victoria  	
1
Kamloops.	
15
55
26
59
40
20
13
1,144
187
15
35
13
35
24
15
10
623
103
20
13
24
16
5
3
521
84
12
51
26
54
36
16
13
1,105
174
12
32
13
33
22
12
10'
597
96
19
13
21
14
4
3
508
78
3
4
4
4
3
""34
12
3
3
2
2
2
""22
6
I
"    2
2
1
12
6
1
1
5
1
1
4
1
New Westminster.	
North Vancouver  	
Prince Rupert   —	
Trail            _	
1
1 C 68
PROVINCIAL
BOARD
OF
HEALTH.
TABLE 20.—DEATHS  (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS)  BY SINGLE YEARS
OF AGE AND BY AGE GROUPS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
AGES.
PROVINCE.
VANCOUVER
CITY.
VICTORIA
CITY.
NEW WESTMINSTER
CITY.
REMAINDER
OF PROVINCE.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
1
7517    4714
2803
197
21
21
11
11
2798
102
6
8
5
6
1767
63
4
2
3
2
1
1031      7441     433
311
317
23
3
2
1
202
16
2
1
1
115
7
1
1
3658
327
36
21
17
15
2312
191
18
8
8
8
1346
136
18
13
9
7
483
47
32
24
22
286
26
11
13
11
39
2
6
2
4
1
31        16        15
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
Total under 5 years.	
608
24
17
20
12
19
347
14
10
8
7
9
261
10
7
12
5
10
127
5
5
6
74
3
3
53
2
2
6
36
20
16
29
20
9
416
19
8
14
12
10
233
11
5
8
7
6
183
8
3
6
5
4
6     „          	
1
1
3
1
2
7     „    ....         	
8     „	
	
2
9
6
3
3
1
1
2
Total 5-9 years	
92
16
23
22
17
21
48
8
11
13
10
14
44
8
12
9
7
7
22
1
5
2
1
1
9
13
1
2
1
1
5
1
3
2
1
6
1
4
1
1
1
63
14
13
16
14
11
37
8
3
10
8
7
26
6
10
6
6
4
11
5
1
9
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
5
11         2
1 1         1
13     „	
14      „	
1
3
1
Total 10-14 years	
99
25
19
36
35
42
56
17
11
20
23
21
43
8
8
16
12
10
6
4
6
12
6
5
3
3
6
10
4
1
1
3
6
4
8
 2
4
5
3
13
9-
4
68
19
9
24
20
24
36
12
5
12
14
10
32
7
4
12
6
14
17     „                       .	
1
3
1
1
3
4
2
2
2
2
2
2
18     „          -
41        1
Total 15-19 years	
157
31
29
36
32
51
92
20
20
23
15
32
65
11
9
13
17
19
42
9
7
13
10
15
27
5
6
4
2
11
151       111         6
1
41         3|         1
11         2l
91         31         2
81         41         2
41         31         2
'            1
5
2
2
1
2
1
8
2
1
3
2
5
6
1
1
3
1
2
1
96
17
19
17
16
28
53
13
13
14
11
18
43
4
6
3
5
10
21     „
22     „     	
23
2
4
24      „           ....              .
Total 20-24 years	
1791    110
1
341      24
351      20
281      17
401      17
321       20
|
69
10
15
11
23
12
54
11
10
9
15
11
28
6
5
4
7
6
26!      15
1
51        2
51        1
51         2
81         3
51         1
1
7
2
1
1
8
1
1
2
1
13
2
3
1
2
4
6
1
1
1
7
1
2
1
1
4
97
19
21
16
20
16
69
15
14
12
8
14
28
4
7
4
12
2
?,d
27
28     „	
P!9
Total 25-29 years
1691       98
30l       19
381       27
26|       20
341       20
391      24
[
71
11
11
6
14
15
56
7
14
12
9
9
28
4
11
11
4
6
4
5
12
1
3
2
1
3
9
1
1
92
22
18
10
21
26
63
15
12
6
14
17
29
7
6
4
7
9
33
7
10
5
2
8
3
3
1
5
31
1
1
2
2
2
2
32     ..
21         1
41         9.
33      „
34     „           	
31         31         1
1
Total 30-34 years	
167|     110
1
361      18
431        95
57
18
18
12
6
14
51
12
16
13
14
17
36
4
9
8
10
12
151       121         6
1            1
81        31        1
71        21        1
51        31        1
6
2
1
2
7
1
2
2
1
4
3
1
97
20
23
21
21
24
64
13
13
16
19
16
36     „    -	
2
37     „     --.-	
37
39
42
25
33
28
38     „    	
2
89     „     -	
5
1
Total 35-39 years...
1
197
46
129
26
68
20
10
18
25
16
72
21
11
22
26
14
43
11
8
13
16
10
291      10|        5
1           1
101        . 1	
31        21        2
91         ll
101        31        3
41        31        2
|           |
5
1
1
6
1
1
2
4
4
1
2
109
24
20
23
32
29
77
14
13
15
18
20
32
10
7
8
14
9
41     „        ....
331       23
42     „        	
47
63
50
29
38
34
1
1
2
43     „
1
2
44     „	
Total 40-44 years..
239
51
150
30
89
21
23
94
18
20
58
11
11
361         91         7
1            1
71         11         1
91        4|        1
91         51         4
151         81         6
141         51         4
2
3
1
2
1
8
1
2
1
3
1
5
1
2
3
1
2
128
31
80
17
48
14
11
5
11
5
46     „    	
581      35
561       40
321      21
251      20
321      21
221       17
1
47      „	
161       251       16
48     „	
81
61
51
41
30
20
381      23
331      19
1
1
49      „     	
Total 45-49 years	
1            |            1
307
1971    110
1
1341      80
1
541       231       161         7
1           1           1
8
5
3
1421       96
1
46 VITAL STATISTICS REPORT, 1939.
C 69
TABLE 20.—DEATHS   (EXCLUSIVE  OF STILL-BIRTHS)   BY SINGLE YEARS
OF AGE AND BY AGE GROUPS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939—Continued.
AGES.
PROVINCE.
VANCOUVER
CITY.
VICTORIA
CITY.
NEW WESTMINSTER
CITY.
REMAINDER
OF PROVINCE.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
1
F.   | Total
M.
F.
96
94
95
112
114
69
58
66
74
79
27
36
29
38
35
33
43
39
51
45
27
26
29
31
37
1           1
6             6             3
3
4
4
2
4
5
1
2
3
5
4
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
2
52
44
43
49
57
35
30
29
34
36
17
14
14
15
21
51
17
10
20
8
6
11
9
7
2
7
7
3
52     „      	
53     „ -	
54     „    .
Total 50-54 years	
511
107
111
141
162
143
346
77
73
97
118
100
165
30
38
44
44
43
211
48
58
70
80
65
150
36
45
50
61
46
61
12
13
20
19
19
39
12
9
12
15
14
22
6
5
7
9
11
17
6
4
5
6
3
16
8
1
5
8
4
10
6
1
4
5
2
6
2
1
3
2
245
39
43
54
59
60
164
29
22
36
43
41
81
10
21
18
16
19
56     „	
57     „ 	
58     „    .     .     . -
59     „	
Total 55-59 years	
664
155
126
132
153
140
465
100
87
93
97
92
199
55
39
39
56
48
321
76
47
64
72
65
238
51
34
45
48
46
83
25
13
19
24
19
62
17
9
16
19
21
38
10
6
12
10
11
24
7
3
4
9
10
26
5
2
6
9
4
18
4
4
5
3
8
1
2
2
4
1
255
57
68
46
53
50
171
35
47
32
34
32
84
22
21
14
19
18
61     „	
62     „     	
63     „     	
64     „          	
Total 60-64 years
706
153
168
152
164
172
469
111
110
104
100
105
237
42
58
48
64
67
324
59
69
66
63
71
224
41
44
45
42
46
100
18
25
21
21
25
82
27
17
11
16
22
49
17
14
5
10
10
33
10
3
6
6
12
26
5
5
3
12
2
16
4
1
2
9
1
10
1
4
1
3
1
274
62
77
72
73
77
180
49
51
52
39
48
94
13
26
20
34
29
65 years	
66 „  —   _
67 „    	
68 „    —	
69     „           	
Total 65-69 years	
809
178
129
185
162
152
530
118
89
121
105
82
279
60
40
64
57
70
328
55
47
49
60
70
218
40
35
32
35
38
110
15
12
17
25
32
93
17
19
18
12
20
56
11
10
10
7
13
37
6
9
8
5
7
27
12
3
16
8
2
17
7
2
13
4
10
5
1
361
94
60
239
60
42
66
59
31
122
34
18
36
23
29
71      „     	
7'       ,,
31    102
41        89
73     „    — 	
74     „     	
2
60
Total 70-74 years	
806
166
204
141
151
153
515
109
119
85
87
100
291
57
85
56
64
53
281
69
79
51
50
62
180
40
44
28
27
38
101
29
35
23
23
24
86
25
27
20
14
17
51
15
14
9
9
8
35
10
13
11
5
9
41
5
7
7
9
9
26
4
6
5
6
9
15
1
1
2
3
398
67
91
63
78
65
258
50
55
43
45
45
140
17
36
20
33
20
76     „    ....          	
77     „     .   	
78     „  .   .
79     „     -
Total 75-79 years	
815
136
117
117
92
83
545
80
84
61
51
43
500
82
60
79
48
42
315
54
57
38
44
41
311
44
44
44
32
34
177
21
22
28
23
16
134
23
22
16
9
103
33
11
20
17
55
22
7
16
8
8
48
11
4
4
9
4
37
1
7
9
3
1
30
4
4
1
1
7
1
3
364
58
55
238
39
27
31
16
17
126
19
28
13
24
19
103
17
13
13
13
10
66
11
2
5
3
2
81     „     	
82     „         ...     .. .
83     „    	
84      „    .
36
Total 80-84 years	
i
311
43
54
33
25
23
234
37
30
28
26
20
198
31
27
21
18
14
110
16
16
10
9
7
88
15
11
11
9
7
93
10
11
9
7
4
61
5
6
5
3
1
32
5
5
4
4
3
21
2
3
1
3
3
10
2
2
1
3
3
11
233
37
130
20
30
17
10
12
86     „          ...
11       43
87     „    	
30
23
22
88     „    .	
89     „     	
Total 85-89 years    .
319
178
141
19
8
9
10
5
111
14
8
6
58
6
4
3
S3
8
41
1
20
1
1
1
21
1
1
1
2
12
1
1
11
1
155
16
89
5
6
4
6
1
32
19
17
17
8
93
6
7
4
1
13
11
8
7
3
91     „    -.-   	
4          2
3!        2
61        1
11        2
|
11          8
92     „    	
9
9
3
93      „  	
71         1
94      „      	
3
2
Total 90-94 years
42
4
3
2
51
2
4
2
1
38
1
6
2
1
16
1
3
1
22!        8
1
"""Si
11,
11	
.      ' 1	
3
5
2
1
1 I       45
221      23
31        2
1        1
ll         1
5
1
2
96 „
97 „
	
~~~
98      „        .   ...
99      „      	
11        1
1
1
	
Total 95-99 years...   ...
1           1
191       10
1
fil         2
9
10
5
2
51
9J        5l        4
T         1
51         21         3
1
41         1
1
1
|    	
101         91         11         2
2.1          1
1
61        6
llll
1            1
1
. C 70
PROVINCIAL BOARD OF HEALTH.
TABLE 21.—DEATHS  (EXCLUSIVE OF STILL-BIRTHS)  CLASSIFIED ACCORDING
TO RACIAL ORIGIN OF DECEDENTS, BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1939.
RACIAL ORIGIN.
PROVINCE.
VANCOUVER
CITY.
VICTORIA
CITY.
NEW WESTMINSTER
CITY.
REMAINDER
OF PROVINCE.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
Total
M.
F.
All or igi ns  	
7517
2771
813
1515
15l
137
4714
1645
516
945
56
89
82
2803
1126
297
570
32
68
55
2798
1114
349
667
30
57
35
1767
655
214
404
17
31
23
1031
459
135
263
13
26
12
744
391
80
160
7
5
12
433
220
44
92
5
311
171
36
68
2
5
7
317
122
51
67
7
14
4
202
75
33
47
3
9
2
115
47
18
20
4
5
2
3658
1144
333
621
44
81
86
2312
695
225
402
31
49
52
1346
449
108
219
Welsh „
13
32
5
34
31
25
1
265
20
23
60
58
14
14
20
12
575
79
129
3
12
141
45
13
97
29
173
21
1
20
19
136
25
15
1
253
14
16
39
44
14
11
11
5
284
42
95
2
7
107
38
10
56
23
129
13
1
16
12
98
6
10
12
6
7
21
14
3
9
7
291
37
34
1
5
34
7
3
41
6
44
8
4
7
38
11
4
148
4
9
16
15
7
6
3
7
10
25
62
3
4
39
13
5
24
6
43
7
1
4
8
62
10
4
142
2
8
9
11
7
4
2
3
4
14
45
2
g
29
11
4
16
5
34
4
1
4
6
39
1
1
1
8
1
1
5
1
1
4
1
19
19
1
68
15
12
37
40
5
3
17
3
551
49
59
14
11
1
66
11
8
25
32
5
2
9
1
276
26
43
5
1
41
1
2
1
8
6
2
1
7
4
2
1
4
6
11
17
1
1
10
2
1
8
1
9
3
39
6
1
2
2
4
1
2
2
1
1
_
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
4
Dutch - 	
3
12
8
1
4
1
8
2
9
4
3
1
4
1
3
1
5
3
5
1
5
2
Indian 	
Italian..- 	
1
4
5
1
275
23
16
3
1
3
1
1
2
2
5
95
29
8
72
23
119
12
3
71
25
6
40
18
88
8
2
6
6
• 24
Polish    -
1
4
2
1
1
	
32
5
Swedish. ..
8
1
6
1
2
3
1
1
2
1
31
4
16
10
62
12
5
52
4
Other  	
2
23
1
7
1
4
3
5
5
3
2
10
* Including Galician and Bukovinian. VITAL STATISTICS
REPORT,
1939.
C 71
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