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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1940 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1942

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
KEPOET
OP   THE
PKOVINCIAL MUSEUM
OF
NATITBAL HISTOBY
FOE THE YEAR 1940
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1941. To His Honour E. W. Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits  herewith the  Annual  Report of the  Provincial
Museum of Natural History for the year 1940.
G. M. WEIR,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., January 9th, 1941.
The Honourable Dr. G. M. Weir,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—The undersigned respectfully submits herewith a report covering the activities of
the Provincial Museum of Natural History for the year 1940.
I have the honour to be,
Sir
Your obedient servant,
G. CLIFFORD CARL,
Acting Director. DEPARTMENT of the PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
The Honourable Dr. G. M. Weir, Minister.
P. Walker, Deputy Minister.
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
Staff:
Francis Kermode, Director (to September 30th).
G. Clifford Carl, Ph.D., Acting Director (from October 1st).
I. McTaggart Cowan, Ph.D., Assistant Director (to August 31st).
Margaret Crummy, B.A., Stenographer. Winifred V. Hardy, Botanist.
Lillian C. Sweeney, Assistant Preparator.
E. A. Cooke, Laboratory Assistant and Attendant.
J. Andrew, Attendant (to August 31st). H. H. Pegler, Attendant (from September 1st). PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
OBJECTS.
(a.)  To collect and preserve natural history specimens of the Province.
(6.) To collect and preserve anthropological material relating to the native tribes of the
Province.
(c.) To obtain information regarding natural history and anthropology of the Province
and to make it available to the public.
ADMISSION.
The Provincial Museum is open to the public, free, week-days, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; and on
Sunday afternoons, 1 p.m. to 5 p.m., from May 1st to October 31st. CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of the Acting Director  7
Indian Village  7
Exhibition and Preparation  8
Cataloguing  8
Library  8
Publications  8
Staff Changes  9
Visitors  9
Report of the Assistant Director  10
Field-work  10
Exhibition and Preparation  10
Education  11
Report of the Botanist  11
Accessions  14
Botanical  14
Anthropological  14
Zoological  15
Publications of the Provincial Museum  16 REPORT of the PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
FOR THE YEAR 1940.
REPORT OF THE ACTING DIRECTOR.
During the past year the activities of the museum have been directed along the usual lines
by collecting natural history and anthropological material, and by making it available to
students and to the general public. Valuable additions have been made to the collections of
the various departments and a few new exhibits have been arranged.
Of unusual interest is a specimen of the rare Tahltan Indian bear dog, obtained from
Sergeant J. F. McNaught of the Provincial Police, through the kindness of Commissioner
T. W. S. Parsons. This Indian dog is of particular interest, since only a few are known to
exist and since museum specimens are exceedingly rare.
Another unusual acquisition is the skeleton of a Davidson's whale, which was captured
by Mr. P. W. Martin and Mr. Allen Lyon, of Hardy Bay. Portions of the baleen and certain
parts of the skeleton have already been received and stored at the museum, while the
remainder is in the process of being cleaned.
Indian Village.
Perhaps the most outstanding activity of the museum in the past year was the participation in the erection of the model Indian village, " Thunderbird Park," on the west side of
Douglas Street between Belleville and Elliot Streets. This venture has been made possible
by a special grant through the Provincial Secretary, Dr. G. M. Weir, to cover costs of processing and erecting the Indian material and by the co-operation of the Victoria City Council
in granting a lease of the area in question.
The totem-poles, house frontal poles, mortuary poles, and other carvings placed in this
area were formerly stored in the Old Drill Hall on Menzies Street, where they had been for
many years.    Other poles, house boards, etc., have been recently acquired by purchase.
The following is a list of ethnological specimens being placed in the park--—
Haida.
Two totem-poles.
One mortuary pole.
One memorial carving of whale.
Two carved beam ends representing sea-lions.
Kwakiutl.
Three house-poles;   " Dsonoqua," wild woman of the woods and bear.
One house-pole;   Dsonoqua and standing man.
One carved and painted board;   " Sisiutl," the two-headed snake.
One totem-pole.
One ceremonial dish;   carved killer whale, opening to form two large dishes.
Nootkan.
Two welcome poles;   human figures with outstretched arms.
Six house-poles, supporting roof-timbers.
House boards from Ahousat.
Salishan.
One totem-pole;   doorway at bottom, raven with long beak at top.
One totem-pole;  from Songhees Reserve.
Two grave figures;  representing a bear, one with a beaver on head.
Hand-cut house boards;   building from Discovery Island.
The labour involved in clearing and preparing the site and in erecting the Indian carvings
has been undertaken by the Department of Public Works, under the supervision of Mr. H.
Whittaker, Architect. D 8 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The carved log bearing the name of the park is the work of Mr. Joseph St. Pierre, of the
Forest Branch, Department of Lands.
The assistance given by the various Departments in the work of carrying this project to
completion has been much appreciated by the committee in charge, and this opportunity is
taken to extend thanks on behalf of the museum to those persons who have assisted.
Exhibition and Preparation.
During the fall months several new exhibits were arranged in the main hall. The first
of these, installed in the series of small cases along the stairway, shows examples of the main
groups making up the Animal Kingdom, arranged and labelled so as to emphasize the relationships existing between the various groups, commencing with the simple forms of life at the
bottom and ending in complex forms.
A second exhibit consists of a case containing specimens of animal life which are likely
to be met with during the current season. It is planned to change this exhibit monthly and to
feature animals according to the season as a supplement to the seasonal plant exhibit which
has proved so popular.
A third recent exhibit is a specimen of coyote which has been installed temporarily in a
small case until a larger and more suitable container is obtained.
Still another display consists of living specimens of native frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders. This exhibit has been of interest to both adults and school children. It is planned
to add to this collection when specimens are available, since it is desirable to supplement dead
material with living examples whenever possible.
In addition to these exhibits, several casts and models have been completed by Mrs. L. C.
Sweeney for future display. These include brown trout, male and female cohoe salmon, and
several amphibians and reptiles.
During the year a number of skins and skeletons have been prepared for the study
collections by Mr. E. A. Cooke. The storage-room in the attic has been completed and the
collection of large skins and pelts has been installed.
Cataloguing.
During the year the collection of amphibians and reptiles has been re-sorted and catalogued, each specimen being given a permanent, numbered label. This system makes it
possible to refer to details of capture, etc., for each specimen with no possibility of confusion.
At the present time the collection consists of 322 amphibians (frogs, toads, salamanders, etc.),
and 136 reptiles (snakes, lizards, and turtles).
Library.
The library has continued to receive publications and periodicals as in other years and
several new series have been commenced. The new quarters, recently made available in the
attic of the museum building, have been completed and most of the publications have been
moved to the new room. Bound volumes and other reference books are housed in the offices
on the second floor.
We take this opportunity of acknowledging our indebtedness to the scientists from whom
we received separates during the year.
Publications.
During the past few years the number of publications originating from the museum, in
addition to the annual report, has increased considerably and the amount of money expended
in these publications has increased in proportion. In addition, the supply of a few of the
recent publications has been exhausted prematurely by the practice of distributing them
without discriminating between those who desire them and those who do not. In view of these
circumstances, it has been deemed advisable to make a small charge for these papers and
pamphlets in the future to partially offset the cost of production and at the same time to
reduce wastage by automatically restricting the distribution to interested parties only.
A list of the publications which are available to date will be found at the end of this
report. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1940. D 9
Staff Changes.
The year 1940 has been an eventful one in the history of the Provincial Museum, particularly with regard to changes in staff.    On September 1st, Dr. Ian McTaggart Cowan
resigned from the position of Assistant Director to take over the duties of Assistant Professor
in the Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia.
From the time of his appointment to the museum staff in July, 1935, until his departure
Dr. Cowan made many friends and contributed a great deal to the work of the museum.
During this period he worked over the mammal and bird collection, identifying and cataloguing each specimen for easy reference, and storing the unmounted material in a series of
specially constructed moth-proof cases. Many new specimens were added to the collection
by numerous field-trips, the more extensive being to Alta Lake region, Okanagan Valley and
Ootsa Lake regions, Monashee mountains and Selkirks regions, and to the Peace River district.
In addition to these trips within the Province, Dr. Cowan was able to make a study-trip in
1937 to several of the larger museums in Canada and the United States, through the generosity of the Canadian Museums Committee of the Carnegie Corporation. This tour enabled
him to learn of the latest developments in museum educational programmes and in exhibition
technique. In addition to the regular museum-work, Dr. Cowan found time to give numerous
lectures to school classes and other groups and societies, and to carry on research problems in
specialized fields, of which a few are indicated in the list of publications appearing elsewhere
in this report.
Although his present position will enable Dr. Cowan to continue his studies of the natural
history of the Province and to maintain an interest in the work of the Provincial Museum, his
departure has left a gap that will not be easily filled.
A month after Dr. Cowan's resignation Mr. Francis Kermode, the Director, retired from
active service after being connected with the museum for over fifty years.
Mr. Kermode joined the museum staff in 1890 and was made Curator in 1904 on the
retirement of the late John Fannin. Under Mr. Kermode's directorship the museum has
grown tremendously in size and scope, until at the present time the natural history collection
is of great scientific value and the Indian collection is one of the most extensive on the continent. Mr. Kermode's knowledge of the ethnology of the Province has been of great value to
the committe in charge of the erection of the Indian material at Thunderbird Park, and it is
hoped that he will continue his interest in this venture and in the work of the museum in
general.
On September 1st Mr. J. Andrew, who had faithfully filled the position of Museum
Attendant since 1935, transferred to another department on account of ill-health. His place
has been taken by Mr. H. H. Pegler, whose wide experience in various parts of the Province
and his keen interest in fishes and other wild life enable him to be of great service in explaining the various exhibits to the visiting public.
On October 1st the writer joined the museum staff as Biologist and Assistant Director
and later as Acting Director. He wishes to take this opportunity of expressing his pleasure
at being associated with this institution and his hope that the many friends of the museum
will continue to give their support.
Visitors.
The following figures give the numbers of visitors registered and the number checked by
the staff during the year 1940:— Registered. Checked.
January         776 1,376
February         982 1,584
March      1,239 2,278
April      1,174 2,200
May      1,841 3,398
June     3,554 5,451
July      7,141 12,123
August      7,787 -    11,754
September      3,680 5,161
October     2,526 3,771
November         787 2,849
December         757 1,244
Totals  ..  32,244 53,189 D 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
There has been a decided increase in the number of men in uniform visiting the museum,
particularly on week-ends toward the latter part of the year. To accommodate these visitors
who can not come on week-days it may be necessary to extend the period of the year during
which the museum is open on Sundays.    This may be made possible during the coming year.
REPORT OF THE ASSISTANT DIRECTOR.
This year saw the completion of the third floor of the museum with the fitting-up of a
room to house the skins and skulls of large mammals. Subsequent to this completion the
material in both these collections was installed in the new quarters. Further additions of
modern storage-cabinets has somewhat relieved the acute congestion previously existing in the
bird and mammal collections, but much remains to be accomplished in this regard.
During the year systematic study of the museum's collections proceeded satisfactorily.
The special study of the mountain-sheep of North America in progress for several years was
brought to completion and published. The study of the ecology of the Coast black-tail deer
was continued, with special emphasis upon food plants, parasites, and diseases of this species.
In this regard it is a pleasure to acknowledge the valuable assistance of Mr. P. W. Martin, of
Victoria, and Game Warden R. S. Hayes, of Duncan. Study of the large collections of insular
mammals was continued and a report upon insularity in the genus Sorex prepared for
publication.
As opportunity permitted a reconnaissance of the parasites of the game and fur-bearing
mammals of British Columbia was undertaken. During the year this produced some interesting and valuable results. The Assistant Director co-operated with the Game Commission and
the Provincial Department of Agriculture by performing necropsies upon fur-bearing mammals and recommending methods of controlling the diseases involved.
In June the Assistant Director attended the annual meeting of the American Association
for the Advancement of Science at Seattle, where he presented two papers.
The following technical papers have been published during the year by the Assistant
Director:—■
Two mammals new to the fauna of British Columbia.    Murrelet 21, 1940, No. 1, p. 9.
Pentadactyly in a spotted sandpiper.    Murrelet 21, 1940, No. 1, p. 6.
Winter occurrence of summer birds on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Condor,
Vol. XLIL, No. 4, July-August, 1940, pp. 213-214.
Two apparently fatal grouse diseases. Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 4, No. 3,
July, 1940, pp. 311-312.
Bird records from British Columbia.    Murrelet 21, No. 3, pp. 69-70.
Distribution and variation in the native sheep of North America. American Midland
Naturalist, Vol. 24, No. 3, November, 1940, pp. 505-580.
Five seasonal reports on bird conditions, published in Bird Lore.
Field-work.
Field-work was confined to Vancouver Island. On May 23rd to 25th a short trip was
made to the alplands on Mount Arrowsmith, where special and successful effort was made to
obtain specimens of Ambystoma gracile. Notes were made on the life-history of this species
of salamander living under alpine conditions.
Throughout the summer considerable time was spent in the field on the ecological study
of the Coast black-tail deer.
Exhibition and Preparation.
In the early summer a case illustrating certain of the shallow-water invertebrates was
installed. For this, specimens of several species of starfish, sea-urchins, and other marine
forms were collected for the museum at Daphne Island, in Brentwood Bay. In this work the
assistance of Mrs. T. G. Denny and Mrs. I. McT. Cowan is gratefully acknowledged. Mrs.
L. C. Sweeney, preparator, co-operated in the preparation and installation of the material.
The display collection of decapod crustaceans was redesigned, installed in a new type
case and provided with descriptive labels.
Mrs. L. C. Sweeney prepared several fish for the display collection—among them fine
specimens of the sharp-nosed skate (Raja rhina) and the barn-door skate (Raja binoculata). REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1940. D 11
The display collection of reptiles was augmented by the addition of a rattlesnake received
through the courtesy of Professor G. J. Spencer, of the University of British Columbia.
During the year Mr. E. A. Cooke continued the preparation of osteological material for
the study collection.
Education.
The Assistant Director delivered twelve illustrated lectures to various groups within the
Province and arranged a display of specimens of the ducks of British Columbia at the annual
meeting of the Associated Fish and Game Associations held in Nanaimo.
Mr. F. Kermode delivered two illustrated lectures to church groups.
REPORT OF THE BOTANIST.
The number of specimens listed in the botanical collections for the year totalled 1,359. Of
these, 183 were collected by members of the staff and 1,176 were gifts. Old material
identified and catalogued amounted to 186 specimens.
The number of sheets filed in the herbarium was 1,002, assistance in the mounting of
specimens being rendered by Mrs. L. Sweeney.
Plants identified for students in various parts of the Province and for visitors to the
museum totalled 730.
Dr. A. E. Porsild, of the National Herbarium, Ottawa, presented a large number of
duplicates, representing districts throughout British Columbia as well as adjacent Provinces.
Many of these specimens were new to the herbarium. Mr. J. W. Eastham donated specimens
from Southern British Columbia and Vancouver Island; Mr. F. Kermode and Mr. E. A.
Cooke brought in material from Prince George district; Mr. N. C. Stewart sent in plants
from north of Sifton Pass, an area from which very little material had been received; and
Dr. I. McT. Cowan with specimens from Goldstream, Mr. A. P. McBean from Quatsino district,
and Mr. D. C. Buckland from Cowichan added considerably to our Vancouver Island section
of the herbarium.
Among old material recently worked over was a collection from St. Michaels, Alaska,
taken by O. C. Hastings in 1901. Dr. Neville Jones identified this and some of the plants are
listed as new to the herbarium.
Dr. J. F. Brenckle revised our Polygonum specimens, altering some of our determinations,
and kindly presented us with species from South Dakota which also occur in British Columbia.
Mr. J. F. Davidson, specializing in Astragalus, borrowed our material and made several
changes in identification which are noted later on in this report.
On August 30th, 1938, Mr. Bob Lang, of Chemainus, V.I., climbed Mount Arrowsmith
and, near the summit, planted several Alpine species from the Olympics, Colorado Rockies,
Cascades, Himalayas, and England. Upon request, Mr. Lang forwarded to the museum a list
of the species thus introduced and we publish it for the guidance of botanists and collectors, in
order that these introduced plants may not be confused with our native flora.   See pages 13, 14.
Grateful acknowledgment is made to all contributors who co-operated in maintaining the
seasonal wild-flower exhibit and donated specimens for the herbarium. We also wish to
express our appreciation for the valuable assistance given by the following specialists in the
identification of difficult botanical species and in exchanging specimens: Dr. H. L. Mason,
Dr. L. Constance, and staff of the University of California Herbarium; Dr. A. E. Porsild,
National Museum of Canada, Ottawa; Dr. Neville Jones, University of Illinois; Mr. J. W.
Eastham, Vancouver, B.C.; Mr. J. F. Davidson, University of British Columbia; Dr. J. F.
Brenckle, South Dakota; Dr. H. Groh, Ottawa; Mrs. H. MacKenzie and Mr. A. Nicholls,
Victoria, B.C.
The following species from British Columbia not hitherto contained in the herbarium
were added to it during the course of the year:—
Isoetes Braunii Durieu var. maritima (Underw.) Pfeiffer. Somass River, Alberni, V.I.,
July 1st, 1939;   J. W. Eastham.
Potamogeton americanus C. & S.    Mirror Lake, B.C., July 8th, 1940;  J. W. Eastham.
Sagittaria cuneata Sheldon.    Vanderhoof, B.C., August 16th, 1919;   J. M. Macoun.
Alopecurus myosinoides Huds.    Saanichton, V.I., June, 1939;   W. R. Foster.
Bromus Pumpellianus Scribn.    Vanderhoof, B.C., August 6th, 1919;  J. M. Macoun.
Elymus hirsutus Presl.    Lightning Peak Road, B.C., July 14th, 1940;  J. W. Eastham. D 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Festuca dertonensis (All.) Asch. & Gresb.    Oak Bay, V.I., May 9th, 1896; J. R. Anderson.
Melica Smithii (Porter) Vasey.    Nelson, B.C., June 27th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Panicum Scriberianum Nash.    Penticton, B.C., June 14th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Poa glaucifolia Schrib. & Hill.    Tetana Lake, B.C., July 11th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Poa juncifolia Scribn.    Monte Creek, B.C., June 12th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Sitanion hystrix (Nutt.) J. G. Smith.    Tranquille, B.C., July, 1937;   E. W. Tisdale.
Sphenopholis obtusata  (Michx.)  Scribn.    Kootenay Lake, B.C., June 22nd, 1940;   J. W.
Eastham.
Stipa Williamsii Scribn.    Monte Creek, B.C., June 12th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Carex brunnescens (Pers.) Poir.    Tetana Lake, B.C., June 30th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Carex  cephalantha   (Bailey)   Bickn.    Kootenay  Lake,   B.C.,   June  22nd,   1940;    J.   W.
Eastham.
Carex circinata C. A. Mey.    West Vancouver, B.C., July 9th, 1938;   J. W. Eastham.
Carex pauciflora Lightf.    Tetana Lake, B.C., June 30th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Scirpus caespitosus L.    Lightning Peak Road, B.C., July 14th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Juncus nevadensis S. Wats.    Lake Erie, Salmo, B.C., July 10th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Tofieldia palustris Huds.    Ten miles north of Sifton Pass, B.C., July 1st, 1940;   N. C.
Stewart.
Xerophyllum tenax Nutt.    Nelson, B.C., June 30th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Corallorhiza ochroleuca Rydb.    Mount Seymour, B.C., July 15th, 1940;   Don Munday.
Habenaria graminifolia (Rydb.).    Mohun Lake, V.I., June, 1940;   J. Buckland.
Salix argophylla Nutt.    Creston Flats, B.C., June 20th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Salix subcoerulea Piper.    Tetana Lake, B.C., September 5th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Polygonum achoreum Blake.    Vernon, B.C., September 12th, 1920;   G. V. Copley.
Polygonum buxiforme Small.    Bare Island, B.C., 1916;   W. B. Anderson.
Sagina procumbens L.    Vancouver, B.C., April 28th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Ranunculus lapponicus L.    Tetana Lake, B.C., June 30th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Cardaria Draba (L.)  Desv. var. repens  (Schrenk)   O. E. Schulz.    Keremeos, B.C., May
7th, 1939;   J. W. Eastham.
Hymenophysa  pubescens   C.   A.   Meyer.    Pouce   Coupe,   B.C.,  August,   1932;    Sergeant
Greenwood.
Rorippa obtusa (Nutt.) Britton.    Kamloops, B.C., June 12th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Sisymbrium glaucum Nutt.     Windermere, B.C., July 24th, 1939;   J. W. Eastham.
Sisymbrium Loeselii L.    Kamloops, B.C., June 12th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Sisymbrium longipedicellatum Fourn.    Osoyoos, B.C., May 13th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Sedumacreh.    Sechelt, B.C., July 22nd, 1937;   J. W. Eastham.
Potentilla Blaschkeana Turcz.    Kaslo-New Denver Road, B.C., July 12th, 1940;   J. W.
Eastham.
Potentilla diversifolia Lehm.    Driftwood Mountains, B.C., August 31st, 1938; T. Fletcher.
Spiraea Baeuverdiana  C.  K.   Schneid.    White  Pass,  B.C.,  June  24th,   1936;    E.  &  J.
Lohbrunner.
Astragalus aboriginorum Richards.    Windermere, B.C., June 15th, 1922;   W. B. Anderson.     (Identified by J. F. Davidson as the first specimen record for the Province.)
Astragalus collinus Dougl.    Kamloops, B.C., June 12th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Astragalus frigidus var. americanus Wats.    Nicola, B.C., July, 1928;   T. H. Bond.
Astragalus serotinus Gray.    Okanagan Lake, B.C., October 6th, 1894;   J. R. Anderson.
(Previously listed as A. campestris Gray., but, according to J. F. Davidson, there are
no A. campestris in British Columbia.)
Gaurea coccinea Nutt.    Windermere, B.C., July 4th, 1939;   H.Murray.
Primula cuneifolia Ledeb.    White Pass, B.C., June 24th, 1936;   E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Cassiope lycopodioides Don.    White Pass, B.C., June 25th, 1936;   E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Gentiana aleutica Cham.  &  Schlecht.    Lake Bennett,  B.C., June 28th,  1936;    E.  & J.
Lohbrunner.
Gilia inconspicua (Smith) Dougl.    Osoyoos, B.C., May 11th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Phlox speciosa Pursh.    Twin Lakes Valley, B.C., May 10th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Pectocarya penicullata A. DC.    Osoyoos, B.C., May 11th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Plagiobothrys scopulorum (Greene) I. M. Johnstone.    Nelson, B.C., July 6th, 1940;   J. W.
Eastham. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1940. D 13
Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill.    Wynndel, B.C., June 22nd, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Pedicularis contorta Benth.    Nelson, B.C., July 7th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Galium bifolium Wats.    Nelson, B.C., July 7th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Agoseris cuspidata Pursh.    Penticton, B.C., May 7th, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Antennaria oblanceolata Rydb.    Mount Apex, Penticton, B.C., July 14th, 1940;   J. W.
Eastham.
Centaurea diffusa Lam.    Grand Forks, B.C., July, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
Centaurea diver gens Vis.    Grand Forks, B.C., July, 1940;   J. W. Eastham.
lva xanthiifolia Nutt.    Monte Creek, B.C., August, 1939;   Miss J. Bostock.
Senecio discoideus (Hook.) Britt.    Tetana Lake, B.C., July 16th, 1938;   T. Fletcher.
Senecio petrocallis Greene.    Mount Brent, Penticton, B.C., July 16th, 1939; J. W. Eastham.
Senecio pseudaureus Rydb.    Crawford Bay, Kootenay Lake, B.C., June 25th, 1940;   J. W.
Eastham.
The following specimens from areas adjacent to British Columbia have been added to
the herbarium:—
Juniper horizontalis Moench.     Lac la Barge, Yukon, June 30th, 1936; E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Iris setosa Pall. var. platyrhyncha Hulton.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C.
Hastings.
Salix Candida Gluegge.    Jasper Park, Alberta, July 4th, 1919;   J. M. Macoun.
Salix melanopsis Nutt.    Jasper Park, Alberta, July 17th, 1919;   J. M. Macoun.
Salix pulchra Cham.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Salix Seemannii Rydb.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Silene repens Patr.    Dawson Dome, Yukon, July 7th, 1936;   E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Montia lamprosperma Cham.    Skagway, Alaska, August 4th, 1916;   M. O. Malte.
Cardamine pratensis L.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Saxifraga spicata Don.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Lathyrus japonica Willd.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Bupleurum  americanum   C.   &   R.    White   Horse,   Yukon,   July   3rd,   1936;    E.   &   J.
Lohbrunner.
Ligusticum Hultenii Fern.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Cornus unalaskensis Ledeb.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Polemonium oxutiflorum Willd.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Pedicularis lanata Willd.     St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Pedicularis sudetica Willd.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Pedicularis verticillata L.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Pentstemon Gormani Greene.    Lewes, Alaska, July 30th, 1936;   E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Valeriana capitata Pall.     St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Arnica attenuata Greene.    Yukon River, July 2nd, 1936;   E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Artemisia  arctica  Less.    Between   Circle  and   Fairbanks,   Alaska,   August  5th,   1936;
E. & J. Lohbrunner.
Senecio Pseudo-Arnica Less.    St. Michaels, Alaska, September, 1901;   O. C. Hastings.
Tanacetum  bipinnatum   (L.)   Schultz.    Yukon  River, below  Dawson,  July  11th,  1936;
E. & J. Lohbrunner.
The following plants were introduced on Mount Arrowsmith, V.I., August 30th, 1938, by
Mr. Bob Lang, of Chemainus, V.I., B.C.:—
From the Olympics—
Spirasa Hendersonii.
Phlox diffusa.
Campanula Piperi.
Douylasia Isevigata.
Gentiana calycosa.
From the Colorado Rockies—
Boykinia Jamesii.
From the Cascades—
Pentstemon rupicola.
From the Himalayas—
Gentiana Cashmere (species unknown). D 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
From England—
Gentiana ? (common bog).
The following native plants are supplementary additions to " The Flora of Vancouver and
Queen Charlotte Islands," 1921:—
Isoetes Braunii Durieu var. maritima (Underw.)  Pfeiffer.    Somass River, Alberni, V.I.,
July 1st, 1939;  J. W. Eastham.
Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.    Chemainus, V.I., October 1st, 1938;  J. W. Eastham.
Festuca dertonensis (All.) Asch. Gresh.    Oak Bay, V.I., May 9th, 1896;   J. R. Anderson.
Poa gracillima Vasey.    Mount Arrowsmith, V.I., August 7th, 1901;   J. R. Anderson.
Eriophorum angustifolium Roth.    Strathcona Park, V.I., July, 1937;   N. C. Stewart.
Androsace diffusa Small.    Mount Arrowsmith, V.I., August 20th, 1938;   Dr. W. Newton.
(First record for Vancouver Island.    Presented by Mr. J. W. Eastham.)
ACCESSIONS TO THE MUSEUM.
On December 31st, 1940, the catalogued specimens of the museum numbered as follows:
Anthropological, 5,051; botanical, 13,541; mammals, 4,760; birds, 8,869; reptiles, 136;
amphibians, 322.
The following specimens have been added during 1940:—
Botanical Accessions.
W. B. Anderson, Victoria, 1; G. C. Boyd, Lake Cowichan, 1; Dr. J. F. Brenckle, Mellette,
South Dakota, 18; D. Buckland, Lake Cowichan, 21; G. C. Carl, Victoria, 2; E. A. Cooke,
Victoria, 66; I. McTaggart Cowan, Victoria, 47; J. W. Eastham, Vancouver, 496; A. M. D.
Fairbairn, Victoria, 1; Miss Ann Galloway, Hedley, 1; Mrs. G. A. Hardy, Victoria, 8; G. A.
Hardy, Victoria, 1; F. Kermode, Victoria, 60; R. C. W. Lett, Gordon Head, 1; A. P. Mac-
Bean, 24; D. Munday, North Vancouver, 1; A. E. Porsild, National Museum of Canada,
Ottawa, 479; K. Racey, Vancouver, 6; E. C. Reid, Saanichton, 3; Miss Joan E. Smith,
Victoria, 1; N. C. Stewart, Victoria, 103; Mr. Tester, Victoria, 1; H. L. Mason, University
of California Herbarium, Berkeley, 4; F. W. Gould, University of California Herbarium,
Berkeley, 10;   P. Walker, Victoria, 1;   Charles Wilson, Victoria, 2.
Anthropological Accessions.
Salishan (Vancouver Island).
W. J. MacAllan, Victoria.    Two stone hammers unearthed by Major Rycroft.
John Richardson, Victoria.    One flint arrow-head.
A. A. Sherman, Cowichan Bay.    Portion of fish-spear, section of fish-weir.
H. E. Thornett, East Sooke.    Three arrow-points, 1 chisel.
H. W. Walker, Sidney.    One stone sinker.
By purchase— ,
Chief Edward Jim, North Saanich Reserve.    Painted Indian house board.
Mrs. Alice James, Victoria.    One totem-pole, 1 eagle figure.
Ned Williams, Discovery Island.    One Indian house.
Salishan (Interior).
Constable H. Elgie, with assistance of Department of Public Works, Lytton, B.C., and
through Commissioner T. W. S. Parsons, British Columbia Provincial Police, 164
specimens from burial ground.
P. Walker, Victoria.    Large stone mixing-bowl from Tranquille.
R. I. McPhee, Lillooet.    Six specimens of materials used by Indians as food and medicine.
Athapascan.
W. J. MacAllan, Victoria.    One horn spoon.
Kootenaian.
L. G. Y. Toms, East Kootenay.    One papoose-carrier.
Haida.
H. Nation, Victoria.    Two halibut-hooks.
I REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1940. D 15
Nootkan.
Mr. Howard, Victoria.    One large ceremonial mask.
By purchase—
Old Joe, Ahousat, through W. K. Hardy.    Six Indian house boards.
Zoological Accessions.
Mammals.
By gift  152
Dr.  R.  M. Anderson,  National Museum of Canada,  Ottawa.    Skins and skulls of
2 little brown bats.
Game Warden A. J. Butler, Chilliwack.    Skulls of 3 red fox, 1 coyote, 1 marten,
2 beaver, 1 skunk, 1 cougar, 1 lynx.
J. F. S. Fletcher, Tetana Lake.    Thirty-five mammal skins and skulls.
I. E. Cornwall, Victoria.    Teeth and skin of whale.
J. Hatter, Lake Cowichan.    Skulls of 2 marten.
Game Warden R. S. Hayes, Duncan.    Skull of 1 cougar.
Dan Leavens, Vedder Crossing.    Skulls of 1 weasel and 1 navigator shrew.
H. B. Leech, Vernon.    Skins and skulls of 2 brown bats.
A. P. MacBean, Victoria.    One short-tailed weasel skin and skull.
T. T. McCabe, Berkeley, California.    One deer skeleton.
J. McNaught, per T. W. S. Parsons.    One bear dog.
P. W. Martin and Allan Lyon, Port Hardy.    One black porpoise.
P. W. Martin, Victoria.    One cougar skull.
T. P. Maslin.    Two little brown bats.
John Moffatt, Victoria.    One juvenile harbour porpoise.
Game Warden  A.  Monks, Alberni.    One otter, 2 marten;    skeletons  of 8  beaver,
1 racoon, 1 mink;   carcasses of 10 muskrats.
Ted Morton,  Charlie Lake.    Two least weasels;    skulls of 3  coyote, 2 red fox, 2
marten, 2 flying squirrel.
H. Self, Cadboro Bay.    One black rat.
F. M. Shillaker, Redstone P.O., Chezacut.    Fifty mammal specimens.
Arthur Taplin, Canal Flats, per C. M. Edwards.    Locked deer antlers.
P. Walker, Victoria.    One bear skull.
Mills Winram, Vancouver.    Two wolf skulls.
By purchase     2
P. W. Martin and Allan Lyon.     One Davidson's whale.
H. M. Shelford, Wistaria.    One least weasel.
By the staff—
I. McTaggart Cowan  15
Birds.
By gift  -  12
Dennis Ashby, Duncan.    One nest and 4 eggs of Savannah sparrow.
A. E. Dunlop, Victoria.    One hummingbird's nest with skeleton of young.
J. Alfred Flett, Duncan.    One black merlin.
J. F. S. Fletcher, Tetana Lake.    One horned owl.
George Lofts, Saanich.    One sharp-shinned hawk.
T. T. McCabe, Berkeley, California.    One sabine gull.
Ted Morton, Charlie Lake.    One eastern purple finch.
Roger Monteith, Victoria.    One gadwall.
P. W. Martin, Victoria.    One hawk-owl.
David Williams, Victoria.    One goshawk.
F. M. Shillaker, Redstone P.O., Chezacut.    One burrowing owl, 1 northern shrike.
By the staff—
I. McTaggart Cowan  12
F. Kermode     1 D 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Amphibians and Reptiles.
By gift  52
G. C. Boyd, Lake Cowichan.    One Pacific Coast newt, 1 red salamander, 2 clouded
salamanders.
G. C. Carl, Victoria.    One salamander.
A. Peake, Quatsino.    Two salamanders.
J. R. Slater, Tacoma, Washington.    Four Cascade frogs.
Mrs. T. L. Thacker, Hope.    One rubber boa.
G. A. Whatmough, Toronto.    Eight salamanders, 18 toads, 6 specimens of snakes,
2 specimens of turtles, 6 cricket frogs.
By the staff—
I. McTaggart Cowan  52
Fish.
By gift	
Harold Clark, Victoria.    One shark skull.
Captain Joe Collins, Sooke.    Two skates.
Roger Monteith, Victoria.    One brown trout.
F. C. Rumsby, Sooke.    One pipe fish.
R. Warren, Victoria.    One sculpin.
Invertebrates.
By gift   17
Mrs. M. S. Bannister, Victoria.    One fresh-water mussel-shell.
Mr. A. J. R. Buller, Victoria.    One octopus.
Dr. W. A. Clemens, Vancouver.    Specimens of round worm.
E. A. Cooke, Victoria.    Specimens of barnacle, jelly-fish, king crab.
I.  E.  Cornwall, Victoria.    Collection of local and British barnacles;   collection of
named marine shells.
P. W. Martin, Victoria.    Specimens of floating goose-neck barnacle.
F. C. Rumsby, Sooke.    One turtle crab.
Mrs. T. L. Thacker, Hope.    One striped slug.
Norman Hutchings, Victoria.    One spider.
H. B. Leech, Vernon.    Two specimens of leech, taken by A. A. Denny.
Mrs. M. Mitchell, Lake Cowichan.    One spider.
Mrs. T. E. Pattison, Dewdney.    One yellow camel cricket.
Jimmie Reilly and Wilfred Jasper, Victoria.    One spider.
Palaeontology.
By gift    1
I. E. Cornwall, Victoria.    Fossil bones and plants.
PUBLICATIONS OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM.
The following is a list of the publications which have been issued by the museum or by
members of the staff. Copies may be obtained by application to the office of the Provincial
Museum, Victoria. Publications which are out of print and no longer available are marked
with an asterisk (*).
Reports of the Provincial Museum for the years 1915 to 1940, inclusive, except for the
year 1916.    Paper covers, 15 cents;  bound (when available), 50 cents.
*Check list of British Columbia birds.    J. Fannin.    Pp. 1-49, 2 plates.    Queen's Printer,
Victoria, 1891.
*Preliminary list of the mammals of British Columbia.    J. Fannin.    Bulletin of Natural
History Society of B.C., pp. 5-8, Victoria, 1893.
Preliminary check list of marine shells of British Columbia.    C. F. Newcombe.    Pp. 1-13.
Queen's Printer, Victoria, 1893.    25 cents.
*A preliminary catalogue of the collections of natural history and ethnology in the Provincial Museum.    J. Fannin.    Pp. 1-196.    Queen's Printer, Victoria, 1898. Catalogue of British Columbia birds.    F. Kermode.    Pp. 1-69.    King's Printer, Victoria,
1904.    25 cents.
Catalogue of British Columbia Lepidoptera.    E. M. Anderson.   Pp. 1-56.   King's Printer,
Victoria, 1904.    25 cents.
*Guide to the anthropological collection in  the  Provincial  Museum.    C.  F.  N.ewcombe.
Pp. 1-56, 26 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1909.
*Visitors'  guide  to  the  natural  history  and  ethnological  collections  in  the  Provincial
Museum.    Pp. 1-92, 34 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1909.
*Report on  birds  collected  and  observed  during  April,  May,  and  June,  1913,  in  the
Okanagan Valley, from Okanagan Landing south to Osoyoos Lake.    E. M. Anderson.
Provincial Museum Report for 1913, pp. 7-16.     King's Printer, Victoria, 1914.
*Mammals collected in the Okanagan Valley, April, May, and June, 1913.   E. M. Anderson.
Provincial Museum Report for 1913, pp. 18-19.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1914.
*Report on Atlin expedition, 1914.    [Birds, mammals, fishes, and insects.]    E. M. Anderson.    Provincial Museum Report for 1914, pp. 7-27.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1915.
*On the occurrence of Benthodesmus atlanticus  (Goode & Bean)  on the coast of British
Columbia.    [Fish.]    Dr.  C. H.  Gilbert, Stanford University.    Provincial Museum
Report for 1916, pp. 19-20.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1917.
*Further notes on Brilepsis, the giant bass-like fish of the North Pacific.    W. F. Thompson, Stanford University.    Provincial Museum Report for 1916, pp. 20-22, 2 plates.
King's Printer, Victoria, 1917.
*Report on field work in Okanagan and Shuswap districts, 1916.    [Birds and mammals.]
J.   A.   Munro.    Provincial  Museum  Report for  1916,  pp.   12-18.    King's  Printer,
Victoria, 1917.
Some notes on the earlier known history of the Chiroptera  [Bats], with a list of those
species occurring in British Columbia.    F. Kermode.    Provincial Museum Report for
1920, pp. 14-16.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1921.    15 cents.
The life history and distribution of marmots.    F. Kermode.    Provincial Museum Report
for 1920, pp. 16-19.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1921.     15 cents.
Notes   on  the   Chinese   starling   (Acridotheres  cristatellus).    F.   Kermode.    Provincial
Museum Report for 1920, pp. 20-21.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1921.    15 cents.
Preliminary catalogue of the flora of Vancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands.    Pp. 1-87.
King's Printer, Victoria, 1921.    25 cents.
The Pterophoridas  [Plume moths]  of British Columbia.    E. H. Blackmore.    Provincial
Museum   Report  for   1921,   pp.   34-45,   2   plates.    King's   Printer,   Victoria,   1922.
15 cents.
Reports and notes on moths and butterflies of British Columbia;   with many illustrations.
E. H. Blackmore.    Provincial Museum Reports for the years 1915 to 1923, inclusive.
15 cents each.
British   Columbia   white   bear   (Ursus   kermodei).    F.   Kermode.    Provincial   Museum
Report for 1924, pp. 9-13, 1 plate.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1925.    15 cents.
Amphibia of British Columbia.    G. A. Hardy, Provincial Museum Report for 1925, pp.
21-24.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1926.    15 cents.
Report on a collecting trip to Garibaldi Park, B.C.    [Plants, insects, amphibians, birds,
and mammals.]    G.  A.  Hardy.    Provincial  Museum  Report for  1926,  pp.   15-26.
King's Printer, Victoria, 1927.    15 cents.
Buprestidse   [Wood-boring   beetles]   of  Vancouver   Island.    G.   A.   Hardy.    Provincial
Museum  Report  for   1926,   pp.   32-37,   2   plates.    King's   Printer,   Victoria,   1927.
15 cents.
The  Odonata   [Dragon-flies]   of the   Canadian   Cordillera.    E.   M.   Walker.    Pp.   1-16.
King's Printer, Victoria, 1927.    15 cents.
Check list of the Macrolepidoptera [Butterflies and moths] of British Columbia.    E. H.
Blackmore.    Pp. 1-47.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1927.    15 cents.
New  plants   from   British   Columbia.    Harold   St.   John.    Contribution  from   Botany
Department of the State College of Washington, No. 10.    Also Provincial Museum
Report for 1927, pp. 14-15.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1928.    15 cents.
Vancouver Island Elateridae [Click-beetles].    G. A. Hardy.    Provincial Museum Report
for 1927, pp. 16-17.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1928.    15 cents. The sea-otter (Enhydra lutris lutris L.).    W. A. Newcombe.    Provincial Museum Report
for 1928, pp. 12-14, 1 plate.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1929.    15 cents.
Thunder-bird and whale.    W. A. Newcombe.    Provincial Museum Report for 1929, pp.
10-11, 2 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1930.    15 cents.
A study of the rhinoceros auklet and other birds in British Columbia, 1929.    Rev. C. J.
Young.    Provincial Museum Report for 1929, pp.  16-19, 1 plate.    King's Printer,
Victoria, 1930.    15 cents.
British Columbia totem poles.    W. A. Newcombe.    Provincial Museum Report for 1930,
pp. 8-10, 9 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1931.    15 cents.
Reduction  of Olsynium   [Botany].    Harold  St.  John.    Provincial  Museum  Report for
1930, pp. 11-13, 2 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1931.    15 cents.
A remarkable capture of leatherback turtle off Bajo reef, near Nootka Sound, west coast
of Vancouver Island, British Columbia.    F. Kermode.    Provincial Museum Report
for 1931, pp. 6-7, 1 plate.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1932.    15 cents.
A large Salish earthwork.    An unrecorded petroglyph.    W. A. Newcombe.    Provincial
Museum Report for 1931, pp. 7-8, 2 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1932.    15 cents.
Fauna of the former Dominion Peace River Block, British Columbia.    M. Y. Williams.
Provincial  Museum  Report for  1932  pp.  14-24, 3 plates, list of insects by  G. J.
Spencer.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1933.    15 cents.
Notes on the flora of the Peace River.    Roy Graham.    Provincial Museum Report for
1933, pp. 13-20, 2 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1934.    15 cents.
List of hepatics of Pacific coast and adjoining territory  [Botany].    A.  H. Brinkman.
Provincial  Museum  Report for  1933,  pp.  24-33.    King's  Printer,  Victoria,  1934.
15 cents.
The black widow spider  (Latrodectus mactans).    K. Raht.    Provincial Museum Report
for 1934, p. 13.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1935.    15 cents.
The hanging gardens of British Columbia.    A. Nicholls.    Provincial Museum Report for
1934, pp. 15-23, 3 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1935.    15 cents.
Insect and plant associations in the Chilcotin.    R.  S.  Sherman and Fred Perry.    Provincial Museum Report for 1935, pp. 30-34, 2 plates.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1936.
15 cents.
*Nesting habits of the flying squirrel Glaucomys sabrinus.    I. McT. Cowan.    Journal of
Mammalogy, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 58-60, 1936.
Mammals of the Alta Lake region of south-western British Columbia. Kenneth Racey
and I. McT. Cowan. Provincial Museum Report for 1935, pp. 15-29, 5 plates.
King's Printer, Victoria, 1936. 15 cents.
*Notes on some mammals in the British Columbia Provincial Museum, with a list of the
type specimens of North America recent mammals in the Museum. I. McT. Cowan.
Canadian Field Naturalist, Vol. 50, pp. 145-148, 1936.
A new race of Peromyscus maniculatus from British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan. Proceedings Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 50, pp. 215-216, 1937.    5 cents.
A review of the reptiles and amphibians of British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan. Provincial Museum Report for 1936, pp. 16-25.   King's Printer, Victoria, 1937.   15 cents.
Nesting colonies of the double-crested cormorant in British Columbia. J. A. Munro.
Provincial Museum Report for 1936, pp. 26-30, 3 plates. King's Printer, Victoria,
1937.    15 cents.
The distribution of the flying squirrels in western British Columbia, with a description of
a new race. I. McT. Cowan. Proceedings Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 50,
pp. 77-82, 1937.    15 cents.
Additional breeding colonies of the herring gull in British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan.
Murrelet, Vol. 18, No. 1-2, p. 28, 1937.    5 cents.
The house finch at Victoria, British Columbia.    I. McT. Cowan.    Condor, Vol. 39, No. 5,
p. 225, 1937.    5 cents.
*What causes freak antlers?    I. McT. Cowan.    Angler and Hunter, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 7-8,
January, 1938, Kamloops.
Fur cycles and the fur trade 1827-1857. I. McT. Cowan. B.C. Historical Quarterly,
Vol. 2, No, 1, pp. 19-30.    Victoria, January, 1938, REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1940. D 19
The stomach contents of sperm whales caught off the west coast of British Columbia.
Lewis L. Bobbins, Frances K. Oldham, and E. M. K. Geiling (Department of Pharmacy,  University  of  Chicago).    Provincial  Museum   Report for  1937,  pp.   19-20,
1 plate.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1938.    15 cents.
Hepatics   of   the   Pacific   Coast   and   adjoining   states.    A.   H.   Brinkman.    Provincial
Museum Report for 1937, pp. 21-23.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1938.    15 cents.
Distribution of turtles in coastal British Columbia.    I. McT. Cowan.    Copeia, 1938, No. 2,
p. 91.    5 cents.
Some fish records from the coast of British Columbia.    I. McT. Cowan.    Copeia, 1938,
No. 2, p. 97.    5 cents.
*Mountain sheep of British Columbia.    I. McT. Cowan.    Game Trails in British Columbia,
December, 1938, p. 8.
*Geographic distribution of color phases of the red fox and black bear in the Pacific
northwest.    I. McT. Cowan.    Journal of Mammalogy, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 202-206,
1938.
*Notes on the hares of British Columbia, with the description of a new race.    I. McT.
Cowan, Journal <3f Mammalogy, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 240-243, 1938.
Distribution of the races of the Williamson sapsucker in British  Columbia.    I.  McT.
Cowan.    Condor, Vol. 40, pp. 128-129, 1938, 5 cents.
*Mammals of the mountain tops.    I.  McT.  Cowan.    Game Trails in  British  Columbia,
May, 1938, pp. 12-13, 25.
The white-tailed ptarmigan  of Vancouver  Island.    I.  McT.  Cowan.    Condor,  Vol.  41,
No. 2, pp. 82-83, 1939.    5 cents.
Nesting of the western grebe in British Columbia.    J. A. Munro.    Provincial Museum
Report for 1938, pp. 16-17, 1 plate.    King's Printer, Victoria, 1939.    15 cents.
*The vertebrate fauna of the Peace River district of British Columbia.    I. McT. Cowan.
Occasional Papers, British Columbia Provincial Museum, No. 1, pp. 1-102, 8 figs.,
2 maps.    Victoria, 1939.
Black phoebe in British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan. Condor, Vol. 41, p. 123, 1939.
5 cents.
The sharp-headed finner whale of the eastern Pacific. I. McT. Cowan. Journal of
Mammalogy, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 215-225, 3 plates, 3 figs., 1939.    15 cents.
Pentadactyly in a spotted sandpiper. I. McT. Cowan. Murrelet, Vol. 21, p. 6, 1 fig.,
1940.    5 cents.
Two apparently fatal grouse diseases. I. McT. Cowan. Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 311-312, 1 plate, 1940.    10 cents.
Winter occurrence of summer birds on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. I. McT.
Cowan.    Condor, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 213-214, 1940.    5 cents.
Two mammals new to the known fauna of British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan and J.
Hatter.    Murrelet, Vol. 21, p. 9, 1940.    5 cents.
Bird records from British Columbia. I. McT. Cowan. Murrelet, Vol. 21, pp. 69-70,
1940.    5 cents.
Oceanic fishes from the northeast Pacific Ocean. Wilbert McLeod Chapman. (Department of Fisheries, State of Washington.) Occasional Papers, British Columbia
Provincial Museum, No. 2, pp. 1-44, Victoria, 1940.    50 cents.
Distribution and variation in the native sheep of North America. I. McT. Cowan.
American Midland Naturalist, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 505-580, 4 plates, 1 fig., 1940.
30 cents.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1941.
1,325-141-8684 

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