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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1936

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 DEPARTMENT OF PHOVINOIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPOET
OF  THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31st
1936
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chaeles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1936.  To His Honour Eric W. Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1936.
GEORGE M. WEIR,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.—MEDICAL.
Page.
Officers and Staff, List of...:    7
Report—General Medical Superintendent    9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory  12
Report—X-ray Department  13
Report—Oculist  13
Report—Ultra-violet Lamp  14
Report—Visiting Dentist  14
Report—Training-school  14
Report—Social Service  15
Report—Child Guidance Clinic  16
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year  18
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  20
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths  21
4. Civil State of Patients admitted  21
5. Religious Denominations of Patients  21
6. Educational Status of Patients  22
7. Nationality of Patients  22
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted  23
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  25
10. Age of Patients on Admission  26
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  26
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission  26
13. Table of Heredity  27
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  27
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  27
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  28
17. Probation, Number allowed out on  28
18. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity  28
19. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge  29
20. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich  29
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich  34
PART IL—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar  35
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  36
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale  37
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  38
A. Average Residence, Maintenance, and Per Capita Cost since Inception  39
B. ]
g I   \ Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost 41, 42
C. 1
p'..    l Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception 44, 45
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  47
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster  48
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale .  49
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich  51 V 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Revenue, Table of, since Inception	
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department	
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department	
Production Tables—■
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane.
Mending done by Female Patients for New Westminster	
Work done by Patients at New Westminster	
Supplies produced at New Westminster	
Supplies produced at Colquitz	
Occupational Therapy—
Wood-working Department	
Upholstering Department :	
Page.
._.___ 53
.  54
.  56
Weaving and Basketry Department.
57
57
57
58
58
59
59
59
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy, Essondale, for Year ended March 31st, 1936  60
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent	
Report—Financial, General—Bursar_
Balance-sheet	
Profit and Loss Account	
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account	
Production and Costs Account.
Milk Production and Cost	
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account.
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Work-horse Department—
61
62
63
64
65
65
65
66
66
66
66
Sales and Deaths Account  67
Horse-labour Account	
Horse-labour performed _
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account.
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account	
Truck-garden and Orchard—Profit and Loss Account-
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account, etc	
Tractor Account	
Truck Account	
Maintenance and Administration, General	
Miscellaneous Statements, Inventories, etc.—
Produce supplied to Essondale	
Produce supplied to New Westminster.
Accounts receivable	
Equipment	
Orchard and Small Fruits	
67
67
67
68
69
69
71
72
72
72
73
73
74
74 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. George M. Weir, Provincial Secretary. P. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., General Superintendent and Provincial Psychiatrist.
E. 3. Ryan, M.D., CM., Medical Superintendent.
G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, ESSONDALE.
Medical:
A. M. Gee, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
U. P. Byrne, M.B., L.M.C.C.
J. M. Jackson, M.D., L.M.C.C.
E. A. Campbell, M.D., L.M.C.C.
A. E. Davidson, B.A., M.D., L.M.C.C.
T. G. Caunt, M.D., L.M.C.C.
G. Kirkpatrick, M.D., L.M.C.C.
N. W. Cunningham, Chief Attendant.
Miss A. Hicks, R.N., Matron.
Miss M. Parsons, R.N., Instructress of Nurses.
Miss J. Kilburn, Social Service.
Mrs. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Clerk.
Business:
Thos. Weeks, Assistant Bursar.
3. Pumphrey, Steward.
F. A. Matheson, Book-keeper.
3. F. Anderson, Book-keeper and Farm
Records.
Miss A. Haslam, Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Diocese of New Westminster, Protestant.
Rev.  Father  S.  T.  Finnegan,  Roman
Catholic.
3. L. Malcolm, Chief Engineer.
3. Renton, Outside Overseer.
W. G. Armour, Baker.
H. Lonsdale, Foreman of Works.
W. McKenzie, Mason.
A. Cooter, Chief Cook.
Trades, Essondale:
W. Worrall, Laundryman.
P. J. Murphy, Electrician.
3. Symington, Plumber.
A. L. Blair, Barber.
E. Rushton, Auto Mechanic.
R. T. Hall, Occupational Therapy.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical:
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C, Medical
Supervisor.
C. E. Benwell, M.B., L.M.C.C
B. H. 0. Harry, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron.
Harry Hoult, Chief Attendant.
F. Gillard, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
Business:
Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
3. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
Chaplains:
Rev. J. L. Sloat, Protestant.
Rev. Father T. P. Murphy, Roman Catholic.
Trades, New Westminster:
R. Gow, Carpenter. Ben Jones, Laundryman.
J. Fraser, Gardener. J. McMillan, Shoemaker.
E. 3. McIntyre, Chief Engineer. Wm. Powell, Painter.
H. Bailey, Farmer. W. W. Galloway, Tailor.
C M. Doyle, Plumber.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLONY FARM.
P. H. Moore, B.S.A., Superintendent. 3. Lobban, Assistant Superintendent.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLQUITZ.
Geo. Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
F. M. Spooner, Supervisor. P. McLeod, Chief Attendant.  REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1936.
PART I—MEDICAL.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., April 1st, 1936.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your consideration the Sixty-fourth Annual
Report of the Provincial Mental Hospitals at Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
The following table is a brief summary of the movements of the Hospital population during the year April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936:—
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
In residence, April 1st, 1935-.. —	
On probation, but remaining on registers ...
On escape, but remaining on registers	
New admissions during current year. 	
Total under treatment  —	
Discharged in full during year   	
Continuing on probation at end of year	
Died during year   —
34
4
394
1,094
41
285
3,080
75
4
679
2,418
1,420
3,838
151
48
191
112
56
100
263
104
291
Total discharged  	
In residence, March 31st, 1936.
390
2,028
1,152
3,180
I
(1.)   Increase in number of patients this year as compared to last
(2.)   Net increase in population in residence at end of year 	
(3.)   Rate of dteaths to total treated (percent.) 	
26
100'
7.58
(4.)   Rate of discharged to admissions (exclusive of deaths)  (percent.)     54.06
ADMISSIONS.
An analysis of the birth column shows that, of the number admitted, 321 (or 47.27 per
cent.) were Canadian born, 192 (or 28.27 per cent.) were born in other parts of the British
Empire, 161 (or 23.71 per cent.) were of foreign extraction, and 5 were of unknown birth.
DISCHARGES.
From continued experience and statistics generally, it is now an accepted fact that the
earlier the cases are brought in the far better opportunity there is for improvement and
recovery than if they delay coming for treatment. This truth is clearly indicated in the
following table:—
Table showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity, prior to Admission,
in those discharged from the Three Institutions during
the Year April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Less than six months  150
Over six months     43
Duration not known     67
Not insane       3
Total
  263
Of this number, 63
During the past fiscal year 263 patients were discharged in full
were discharged as recovered, 151 as improved, 46 as unimproved, and 3 were not insane.
Included in these discharges are 11 who were deported to their native countries and 17 who
were repatriated through the kindness of relatives or friends. V 10 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
I would like to take this opportunity of tendering our grateful thanks to the Dominion
Immigration Department for their very close co-operation with our Department and their
unfailing courtesy at all times.    On account of the lessening number of immigrants, there is
naturally a decrease in our deportations;   nevertheless, some of the cases have been most
difficult, but one can always rely on the utmost assistance being given by the officers of the
Immigration Department. _
TREATMENT.
Patients are admitted first to our Psychopathic Wards, but, unfortunately, they are only
able to stay here a short while before they have to be transferred to other wards to make room
for our ever-increasing number of admission's. The purpose of the Psychopathic, Ward is for
close observation and study of each case, and to determine the correct category of each
patient, so that when transfer is mad'e he is placed with others of the same classification. One
can readily see that such a purpose must prove of infinitely greater benefit to the patient than
if he were domiciled anywhere without regard to his proper classification.. However, as
stated above, we are unable to carry out this plan to its fullest extent, due to our very limited
space and our overcrowded conditions.
In addition to their ward duties, many of the medical staff have undertaken special work
in connection with the treatment of our patients. Dr. Davidson has charge of the electrocardiograph work, which assists in the diagnosis of the cardiac case®, thus facilitating
treatment.
Dr. Gee continues to do splendid work in our X-ray Department. This branch is used
very extensively and is of inestimable benefit to the patients. A separate report of the work
done will be found elsewhere, and it is seen how much of his time is devoted to this particular
branch.
During the past year the Laboratory-work has again been under the direction of Dr. Byrne.
From the attached report it will be seen how very active this Department is. It is one of our
most important branches and is of the utmost assistance in aiding diagnoses and guiding
treatment. It is used by our training-school, and, in addition., we are able to help the Provincial Police in their analytical work, thus affording close co-operation with other branches
of the service.
The eye, ear, nose, and throat work has been ably carried on by Dr. B. H. Harry, who is
a specialist in this fieldi, and the patients have been greatly benefited by his careful attention.
Many of the neurological cases have also been treated by him.
While the Occupational Department is quite active with both male and female patients,
yet it has not been established to the extent which we would like to see. Occupation, as we
all know, is essential to the normal, and it is even more essential to those who, unfortunately,
suffer from a psychotic condition. An increased staff is necessary to carry out this department
more fully, so that naturally we have not been able to expand as we should, and) therefore
progress has undoubtedly been retarded. However, even, under these adverse circumstances,
a great deal has been accomplished., and an immense amount of benefit to the patients and the
Hospital has been the result. Different types of occupation are engaged in, so that as nearly
as possible the varied interests and inclinations of the patients may be met.
The Training School for Nurses has been of great advantage to the institution, and as
time goes on one notices how gratifying are the results and that the Hospital is able to keep
up with the advancement in treatment in mental institutions elsewhere. The course provided
for the nurses is very intensive, yet, as the years go by, we feel that the enlargement of the
school is amply justified and that the efforts made to sustain it are well worth while. It has
been regretted that up until now we have not been able to have affiliation with the general
hospitals actually in practice, but on account of the smallness of the Nurses' Home it has
not been possible. The British Columbia Nursing Association has been patiently waiting to
really commence affiliation, and we are gradually arranging for the proper instruction of the
affiliate nurses. We sincerely trust that in the near future there will be sufficient accommodation to make a definite start.
The Child Guidance Clinic in Vancouver has been working to capacity with the existent
staff, and there is an ever-increasing demand to extend this service. It is very important that
early abnormalities of personality receive preventive treatment to avoid future unhappiness
and mental illness. These clinics are being held more and more throughout different countries
in the worldi, the idea being that, in this department of medicine as elsewhere, it is far better
to attempt prevention rather than attempt treatment. SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. V 11
COMMENTS.
Each year there is an increase in the number of patients suffering from psychoses and
additional accommod'ation is required. Our present accommodation is already greatly overtaxed, and the time has arrived when it is absolutely necessary to take definite steps.. There
are not sufficient beds available and we are fast approaching the hour when we will not be
able to look after those admitted, so that, in spite of the fact that we are passing through
a period of depression, further building will have to be considered. Overcrowding is not only
expensive but dangerous, and means limiting to a considerable degree the proper segregation
of the patients, thereby mixing together the different types, which greatly retards the time of
recovery. The plan of separating the psychotic patients from the under-privileged mentally
should be forwarded to the fullest extent, and we are constantly being met with the demand
for this. Generally speaking, the mentally retarded are domiciled in New Westminster, but
there, too, accommodation is taxed to capacity and further provision should be made in the
near future for a suitable institution set apart on proper grounds. With psychotic patients
there is an increased susceptibility to tuberculosis, and patients suffering from this.malady
should have a separate unit for their care and treatment. It is not proper that they should
be confined to the same ward with others who are not so afflicted.
The new unit erected for the returned soldiers has filled a long-felt need. The cafeteria
dining-room system has proved to be admirably suited for this service. We were pleased to
read in a veterans' publication that this building compared very favourably with the accommodation provided for the returned soldiers in other Provinces of the Dominion. The soldiers'
organizations are ever ready to assist those members who unfortunately have developed a
mental condition, and they have always been more than willing to render us all the help
possible when it has been required of them.
There is increased stress being placed on prevention, and it was found necessary to
establish a preventive service in conjunction with the active hospital treatment of mental
diseases. The Medical Superintendent was made General Superintendent and was placed in
charge of both branches. The Assistant Superintendent was made Medical Superintendent
in charge of the Hospital division, and assistant to the General Superintendent.
ACTIVITIES.
The farm has supplied the institution with agricultural products which are most essential
in a large Hospital, and has also provided' occupation for a great number of patients. It has
continued to maintain the high standard of the animals reared, and farmers throughout the
Province are able to purchase sires of merit, thus increasing both the production andl standard
of their herds. It will be a great advantage to us, when the time arrives., if there is another
institution in a different location in the Province which can supply us with other produce
which we are not able to raise here. The cannery has continued its important work, which
means so much in helping to vary the meals and provide the patients with foods which are
otherwise out of season. The piggery supplies pork and pork products to the institution, but
there is a great need for increased cold-storage accommodation, and it is hoped that something can be done in this connection this coming year.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
Before closing, I wish to tender grateful thanks to all those who have aided the work of
the Hospital during the past year. In this connection I would mention Mrs. Ellis, Convener
of the Red Cross Visiting Committee, who has been responsible for the many enjoyable concerts
and entertainments held for the benefit of the patients.
I also desire to express my sincere appreciation of the close co-operation rendered us by
the members of the Provincial Police. They are always ready and willing to render us their
courteous assistance, and have aided us on many occasions with some of our difficult problems.
I wish to make special mention of the loyal support and co-operation which I have received
at all times from the medical officers and staff of the Hospital. I wish especially to draw to
your favourable attention the unfailing help granted me on every occasion by Dr. E. J. Ryan,
Medical Superintendent. I would also like the following to be remembered: Dr. L. E. Sauriol,
Medical Supervisor of our New Westminster Branch, and Mr. Spooner, Supervisor of the
Mental Home at Saanich. All other departments are entitled to my sincere thanks for their
faithful service. V 12 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Finally, to you, Sir, to the Deputy Minister, and to the Public Works Department, I owe
grateful acknowledgment for your support and sympathetic understanding of the many
difficult problems which are continually coming before us, and without your kind interest and
assistance it would be impossible for the work of the Hospital to be carried on.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
A. L. CREASE,
  General Superintendent.
LABORATORY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1936.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the Laboratory at Essondale from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936:—
Urinalysis routine  1,216
Quantitative albumen   59
Quantitative sugar  1
Two-hour test  6
Ascheim Zondeck  6
Blood—
Kahn positive   48
Kahn negative  508
Red-blood count   28
White-blood count   31
Haemoglobin   29
Differential  .  29
Sugar, Folin Wu  3
Calcium      2
Widals    168
Coagulation   2
Groupings  ,  26
Spinal fluid—
Kahn positive   22
Kahn negative   21
Globulin     43
Cell-count   2
Colloidal gold  8
Sputa for tuberculosis   76
Autopsies   38
Sections   106
Cultures   96
Exudates    1
Gastric analysis   1
Milk  17
Water—Bacterial   1
Faeces examination 1  3
Smears—
Eye    11
Nose, throat  21
Urethral   19
Vaginal    29
Vincent's angina   10
Malaria   2
Miscellaneous   51 OCULIST'S REPORT. V 13
Metabolism        29
Guinea-pig inoculation        2
B.C. Police cases          9
Vaccines        51
I have, etc.,
Ultan P. Byrne,
Pathologist.
X-RAY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1936.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the X-ray Department of the
Hospital from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936 :—
Extremities   176
Head   73
Encephalograms   9
■ Sinuses  .  19
Chest  164
Pelvis  14
Vertebrae   7
Shoulder   21
Gastrointestinal  18
Total exposures  501
I have, etc.,
Arthur M. Gee,
Physician and Roentgenologist.
OCULIST'S REPORT.
From April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
E. J. Ryan, Esq., M.D.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—The following is a report of the ocular-work performed for the Hospitals during the
past fiscal year:—
Total number of patients examined   179
Eye-grounds   60
Perimeter fields  5
Refractions—
(a.)  Cycloplegic   40
(6.)  Non-cycloplegic   38
Cysts  .  2
Conjunctivitis   20
Acute iritis  5
Iridocyclitis   6
Corneal ulcers   3
I have, etc.,
Benj. H. Harry,
Oculist. V 14 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
ULTRA-VIOLET LAMP.
From April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1986.
Total number of treatments for the year, 2,050;   total time required for treatments, 457
hours and 53 minutes.
Ultan P. Byrne.
DENTAL REPORT.
The following is the report of dental services rendered at the Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, and the Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster, during the year ended
March 31st, 1936:—
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Number of patients treated   505
196 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted  355
Local anaesthetic used to reduce pain in operating  196
Fillings inserted     27
Patients treated for pyorrhoea     18
Post operative treatments     11
Cementing inlays and crowns        6
Repairing fillings      12
Removing bridges       7
Altering dentures      19
Repairing dentures      62
Making new dentures and fitting same to mouth     10
Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster.
Number of patients treated   205
102 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted  146
Local anaesthetic used to reduce pain   102
Number of fillings inserted   6
Number of dentures repaired   5
Patients treated for pyorrhoea  18
Silver-nitrate treatment to prevent decay  3
Fillings repaired  12
Patients treated) for Vincent's infection   2
Emery Jones, D.D.S.
TRAINING-SCHOOL REPORT.
The Essondale Mental Hospital School of Nursing completed the fiscal year ended March
31st, 1936, with a total staff of 146, consisting of 31 registered nurses, 40 mental graduates,
57 student-nurses, and 18 male attendants. Through the University of British Columbia 16
Public Health Nurses were assigned for two weeks' time each.
Number of student-nurses admitted during the year, 26; number of graduate nurses, 10;
also 1 dietitian, 1 seamstress, and 2 male attendants.
Resignations for the year were as follows: Seven students, 14 mental graduates1, 9 registered nurses, 1 dietitian, and 2 attendants. Of these, 14 resigned to be married, 8 for a
change of occupation, 7 due to termination of vacation relief, 1 did not like the work, and
3 were unsatisfactory in the training-school.
Total number of days lost through illness from March 31st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936, were
1,314, as compared to 784 the previous year. This increase was due to an epidemic of scarlet
fever and one of measles.
The opening of a Nurses' Infirmary consisting of eight beds made it possible to give
proper and adequate nursing service. Medical attention was given by members of the Essondale staff. During the year there were thirty-four chest X-rays and' complete physical
examinations. SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. V 15
The Essondale Alumni Association and student-body united1 to organize a sick benefit
fund. This has proved very satisfactory and has even in its initial year given assistance
to sick nurses who were not receiving salary.
Extra-curricular activities have been well attended, and through the production of plays
and musical entertainment sufficient money was realized to add twenty books to the nurses'
library.
This year fifteen nurses received diplomas for a three-year course in psychiatric nursing
and eight registered nurses completed the six months' postgraduate course.
The training-school is ever indebted to the medical and nursing staff, who have given
so much of their time and made possible our present teaching programme.
C A. Hicks, R.N.,
Superintendent of Nurses.
SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT.
Essondale Mental Hospital.
The Hospital Social Service work of the Hospital would appear to have been on a sounder
basis during this last year. With the additional help of another worker, the service has been
able to adopt more routine. Miss Barbara Robertson, M.A., joined the staff in August, 1935.
She is a Social Service graduate of the University of British Columbia and obtained her
M.A. degree from McGill University, majoring in Psychology. She is well trained and capable
of contributing much to the Hospital and the community in which she works. With this
additional staff we were able to divide the work in Vancouver and surrounding districts into
two parts, so that each worker is held responsible for her own district.
The relatives of each patient coming into the Hospital are now called upon within three
weeks of their admission, and case-work is done with the family wherever practical. Thus
the link between the home and the Hospital has become noticeably shorter. The probation
cases have the advantage of a much better " follow-up " system, and it has been shown that
the more work done in the home, the longer the patient remains from the Hospital. This fact
can be demonstrated by definite case-histories. Of course, the case-work done in the homes
of the admittals is of a preventive nature, inasmuch as it helps the family to return to
normality and to prepare the home for the patient's release from Hospital. Consequently
there is not the same opportunity for definite statistics, but we know from actual results that
prevention should be the key-work of our work.
The Child Guidance Clinic building is used a very great deal for Hospital Social Service
conferences, and with the opportunities of having- a doctor see the relatives and the probation
cases, it has helped considerably to link up the whole service.
The Welfare Field Service gives us valuable assistance and we in turn reciprocate with
help for cases which are causing them concern in the districts in which they work.
The educational programme is still carried on with the postgraduate nurses, who are
given lectures and practical experience in the visiting field. This also applies to the Social
Service students of the University and the nurses of the University Public Health Course.
Lectures at the University are also given to the Social Service students and the Public Health
Nurses during their academic year.
The following is the statistical report of the work done:—
Visits to homes of admission cases  507
Individual probation cases carried     28
Conferences with other agencies re Hospital cases  104
Psychometrics in Hospital '   26
Total new cases referred  306
Cases carried as treatment cases     98
As the same employees are working in the Child Guidance Clinic, only part of their time
is devoted to the Hospital service. As far as is possible, the time is equally divided between
the two activities.
Respectfully submitted. _.   „   „
J.   F.  KlLBURN,
Psychiatric Social Worker. CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC.
The present report deals very briefly with the activities of the Psychiatric Clinic in the
Child Guidance Clinic during 1935-36.
The reader is referred to last year's report for a descriptive statement of the organization
and programme of the clinic. This year there has been considerable expansion in the
activities with some increase of staff, and it has been possible to undertake a greater volume
of work during the year. The community as a whole has become more conscious of mental
health and its implications. Despite the expansion of staff and services offered to the public,
the work is taxed to its capacity, but it has been possible to meet the major needs. There has
been little deviation from the programme as outlined in our former reports. In the main the
methods of study and treatment previously described have been followed; but with the opening
of the clinic to nearly full time, together with the clinics held in the outside centres, many more
cases have been treated.
Victoria now has a clinical service for children and adults of two full days a month.
Nanaimo held its first clinic on November 6th, 1935, and the appointments there are
always up to capacity.    This clinic serves the upper part of Vancouver Island.
The Chilliwack Clinic, which first opened on November 28th, 1935, serves the Fraser
Valley District.
With the increase of workers in the Field Welfare Service, there are constant demands for
guidance and advice, with reference to the cases which they meet in their respective districts.
It is noted that the greatest use of the clinic is made by the social agencies, both public
and private, but there has been an increase in the referals made by the physicians, and by
the parents of the children. This shows that the public at large are appreciating the clinical
services, as well as becoming more familiar with the advantages of preventive work in the
psychiatric field. The case-work on the clients and families has increased, and this also is
a healthy sign, as a service of this kind is not for diagnosis only, but for treatment. In addition
there is far greater interest now shown by the general public, inasmuch as more and more
people come to clinic to find out what it is all about, and following their visits there are many
more requests on the public educational programme. These requests are met with, the staff
participating in the giving of talks on child-guidance work and general preventive psychiatry.
Space does not permit a detailed report and statistics are never a full statement of the
work done. However, the following- table is submitted to endeavour to show the number of
cases treated and the type of cases seen during the months of April, 1935, to March, 1936:—
Sources of New Cases.
Vancouver.
Nanaimo.
Victoria.
Chilliwack.
Children's Aid Society _ „	
51
33
29
49
15
13
23
8
2
7
5
4
4
8
1
3
1
1
1
1
4
6
5
2
13
1
2
26
2
5
1
Juvenile Court -    	
Boys' Industrial School   _	
Provincial Government Service  ,  	
Catholic Children's Aid  	
7
1
Vancouver School Board 	
Public Health Nurse  —   _ _	
4
Family Help and Welfare Association, Victoria 	
V.O.N., Victoria _    _	 CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC. V 17
The following are the reasons given when examination was requested at the Vancouver
Clinic.    This table, however, does not show what was found when the patients were examined.
Problems as referred.
Behaviour—
Unspecified     16
Specified     18
Enuresis  :     8
Temper    7
Imitating        3
Retarded development        1
Standardization      30
Delinquent tendencies—
Unspecified       4
Specified      50
Runaway     4
Sex problem     6
Incorrigible   17
Theft   21
Arson      1
Vagrancy  .     1
Moody        1
Physical        6
Unspecified     1
Seizures      5
School problem       2
Nervous tendency     15
No idea of play       1
Adoptability of child _     18
Mental defective     16
Family study    14
Unmarried mother        7
Plans for future       3
Vocational guidance       1
Parent in P.M.H.        1
Relative in P.M.H.      4
Family problem         6
Reading difficulty       2
Question of mental illness       8
Unable to adjust  2
Retarded development   2
Broken home  1
Difficult to handle  1
Phantasy life  1
Mentally retarded  1
Respectfully submitted.
J.   F.   KlLBURN,
Psychiatric Social Worker. V 18
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.       Female.     Total
In residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1935 —
In residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1935.
In residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1935	
On probation, carried forward from 1934-35, Essondale _
On probation,  carried forward from  1934-35,  New Westminster         	
On probation, carried forward from 1934-35, Saanich.
Escaped, carried forward from 1934-35, Essondale	
Escaped, carried forward from 1934-35, New Westminster.
Escaped, carried forward from 1934-35, Saanich  	
Admitted during the year 1935-36—
By ordinary forms  —  	
By urgency forms	
By voluntary forms.
From the Yukon	
Order in Council	
Total under treatment,  Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936. _
Discharged during period April 1st, 1935, to March 31st,
1936—
(a.)   From Essondale—
As recovered  	
As improved — 	
As unimproved-
Not insane	
On probation and still out	
Escaped, but not discharged.
Died    	
(6.)   From New Westminster—
As improved  	
As unimproved 	
On probation and still
Died  	
(c.)   From Saanich—
As improved.
As unimproved.
Died	
Total discharged from Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich      	
Total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich   _  .
1,427
302
257
31
369
8
12
5
21
95
25
2
44
1
155
5
1
3
26
1
1
10
197
40
1
269
8
7
1
42
50
15
1
54
10
2,324
499
257
71
638
16
19
63
145
40
3
98
1
251
601
5
5
5
30
1
1
10
2,024
1,135
3,159
394
679
2,418
1,420
390
268
658
2,028
3,180 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 19
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
Total on books, March 31st, 1935. 	
1,461
394
9
937
285
1
2,398
679
10
1,864
402
1,223
273
Admissions during 1935-36 - 	
3,087
343
45
14
258
15
601
60
14
675
198
15
1,462
950
2 412
306
45
504
60
New Westminster—
Total on books, March 31st, 1935... 	
351
44
213
11
564
35
9
10
1
45
10
55
307
202
509
257
14
257
14
Saanich—
Total on books, March 31st, 1935 _	
271
12
271
12
259
259
1,462
307
259
950
202
2,412
509
259
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1936. 	
2,028
1,152
Grand total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, March 31st, 1936         	
3,180
Daily average population    —	
Percentage of discharges on admissions (not including deaths)
Percentage of recoveries on admissions    	
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment
3,126.06
54.05
9.27
7.58 V 20
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the Hospital since
its Inception.
Year.
Discharges.
to
ti
'V
M
>
>
43 °,
tn
S
«.
p.
At,
a
18
1
i
15
10
2
5
12
4
3
29
3
3
10
22
11
3
5
14
4
4
3
16
7
3
8
18
4
1
8
17
5
5
13
5
3
5
7
3
1
2
8
4
1
3
10
2
4
2
20
5
5
27
10
6
6
36
15
5
5
26
12
6
3
41
14
5
4
52
17
6
12
49
19
4
20
52
17
10
13
44
14
18
14
80
13
19
19
62
29
11
20
64
23
25
9
74
20
8
14
81
27
13
19
101
31
32
■21
113
38
27
29
115
40
20
25
121
30
31
25
139
38
37
26
115
46
26
26
123
43
33
27
150
36*
43
28
221
48
43
39
230
68*
56
57
232
73f
77
40
280
84
82
41 •
332
67$
114
60
375
74*
128
76
380
90_
146
67
402
58
126
74
332
83
91
89
353
73f
96
80
371
88
78
106
375
75
95
132
574
116
221
132
489
88
173
122
478
96
178
114
438
91
167
133
447
84f
121
163
461
63
242
138
475
57||
240
142
494
76§
171
161
542
75*
252
147
543
921
294 ■
181
602
118*
311
223
632
70*
235
191
562
58.
299
181
635
44§
323
195
610
6.1$
309
200
653
71*
349
221
679
63*
304
291
A e3 a>
ojIS
m 9 8
■** *■ ___
"8I
f_ tiffi
S'tfsl
1*1 a
P-l   o   [fi   OJ
w __-^
_>!> a ji
i_ -^ t. ii
a «8 S
fS S ffl
*. fi fi til
OJ QJ __ t,
1872	
1873.....
1874	
1875.	
1876	
1877.	
1878	
1879 ._..
1880—
1881	
1882.	
1883.	
1884	
1885	
1886...
1887 --
1888 --
1889-	
1890—
1891-	
1892—-
1893	
1894	
1895---
1896	
1897-	
1898—-
1899 —
1900	
1901.	
1902
1903—-
1904	
1905 --
1906—
1907—
1908	
1909 —
1910 .....
1911.	
1912 —
1913	
1914......
1915 —
1916 ....
1917.	
1918 .
Jan. 1, 1919, to March 31, 1920
1920-1921 	
1921-1922 	
1922-1923  	
1923-1924  	
1924-1925 	
1925-1926 	
1926-1927  	
1927-1928  	
1928-1929	
1929-1930 	
1930-1931 	
1931-1932  	
1932-1933 	
1933-1934 	
1934-1935  	
1935-1936  	
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61 I
66 I
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1,301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
1,995
2,125
2,269
2,347
2,411
2,550
2,676
2,824
2,960
3,080
3,180
2
5
13
3
3
2
5
7
	
1
.....
2
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
2
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
28
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46
111
108
83
48
87
100
111
130
144
78
64
139
126
148
136
120
100
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
2,434
2.565
2,743
2,914
3,063
3.148
3,214
3,390
3,530
3.721
3,838
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34.78
24.79
27.34
40.00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22.63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
12.00
15.38
13.28
16.76
19.10
10.60
10.32
6.92
10.00
10.87
9.27
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.36
64.20
66.16
62.53
50.00
60.33
71.07
71.26
64.24
63.52
58.42
60.65
64.32
54.05
5.55
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.35
6.12
16.16
14.81
8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
2.87
3.25
7.64
11.69
6.95
7.60
8.92
8.92
3.94
5.69
6.66
6.42
8.14
6.63
6.06
5.57
5.42
5.34
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
4.57
5.83
7.02
5.30
5.43
6.19
5.24
6.42
7.47
6.51
5.97
5.33
6.10
7.25
5.93
5.83
6.27
5.36
6.21
7.28
6.06
5.63
5.75
5.66
5.94
7.58
* Three not insane. f One not insane.
|| Six not insane. I Five not insane.
t Two not insane.
§ Four not insane. STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 21
Table No. 3.—Showing the Total Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths
from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Months.
Admissions.
Male.       Female.      Total,
Discharges.
Male.       Female.      Total
Male.       Female.       Total,
April.
May.—
June—
July-
August	
September-
October	
November ..
December ...
January—
February-
March -
34
32
32
25
22
25
37
38
40
35
39
35
22
32
30
18
32
23
22
18
15
15
29
29
56
8
64
7
62
13
43
6
54
11
48
7
59
13
56
13
55
17
50
19
68
15
64
22
7
4
7
10
6
6
9
16
13
19
15
24
11
12
20
15
16
9
17
13
13
14
22
17
19
13
26
19
35
22
28
11
41
22
6
13
7
4
7
4
7
5
15
10
17
5
30
25
22
13
20
18
24
18
34
32
28
27
394
285
679
151
263
191
100
291
Table No. 4.—Showing the Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Married   —   	
100
247
3
31
11
2
141
91
1
3
39
10
241
338
1
6
70
21
2
394
285
679
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Religious Denominations.
Male.
Female,
Total.
6
7
4
1
3
2
5
2
1
26
1
1
1
1
1
255
70
3
1
1
2
3
3
1
1
1
2
4
16
3
201
48
1
1
9
3
7
1
4
2
3
1
2
7
6
1
42
1
1
1
4
1
456
118
4
2
Sikh                         - - 	
1
2
394
285
679 V 22
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
9
18
287
39
41
5
25
207
23
25
14
Good                                                                           —      -                  	
43
494
62
66
394
285
679
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
4
2
8
1
1
61
6
1
4
1
2
1
3
13
7
5
1
2
7
4
3
29
9
4
2
29
4
5
5
82
10
2
6
35
4
13
17
2
2
1
1
2
52
4
2
4
1
1
1
2
4
2
3
1
4
2
1
3
15
2
25
1
8
70
14
4
5
33
4
5
4
3
6
2
1
9
1
3
113
Finland    , „   	
10
3
8
1
3
Holland                -  - - - - ...
2
1
5
17
Italy ,         -- -~ -    " 	
9
8
1
3
11
6
1
6
44
9
6
2
54
5
5
Canada—
13
152
24
6
11
68
8
18
21
Totals	
394
285
679 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 23
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
2
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
22
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
5
3
1
1
2
•      1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
15
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
10
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
5
3
4
3
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
32
1
1
1
2
1
3
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
5
1
4
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
2
20
1
Brought forward	
102
1
1
1
5
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
4
1
5
18
3
1
1
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
1
41
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
3
13
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
143
4
Kimberley- _. 	
1
Allco
1
Kitchener    —_	
1
2
Anyox  _ ____
Ladysmith - — 	
1
7
1
1
1
Lucky Jim Mine. —	
1
1
1
1
Britannia Beach _____ 	
Bull River
Maillardville. _- 	
2
3
Burn aby 	
Matsqui- — —	
Michel -— - —-	
Milner  	
3
1
Canoe	
1
2
1
1
Nanaimo — - —
6
1
8
Courtenay _	
New Westminster- - -
31
3
Crescent Valley...	
1
Notch Hill 	
1
3
1
1
Deroche... 	
Dollarton  - 	
Patterson  —
Pender Harbour-   -
1
3
2
1
1
1
Port Hammond -  	
Port Kells—- — -	
3
1
1
2
1
1
5
1
2
2
Pritchard — - —	
Progress  —- 	
1
1
1
Gifford —
Quathiaski Cove -	
1
2
1
1
1
1
Hedley
2
1
Rossland — - -	
Royston— - _ - -
1
Kanaka... — —	
1
102
41
143
189
91
L
260
L_ V 24
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Brought forward	
189
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
7
1
91
1
5
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
260
1
1
9
2
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
11
1
1
1
1
Brought forward	
Trail      	
209
2
1
1
146
5
3
1
1
20
1
1
2
1
112
134
9
2
1
1
18
1
1
2
2
1
1
321
2
1
Vallican  	
Vancouver  — 	
1
280
14
Vancouver, West  	
Vanderhoof	
Vavenby  —	
5
1
1
1
Vernon   - - 	
1
38
1
1
Sullivan  - 	
Wardner  	
1
1
4
2
Telkwa    	
1
1
Three Forks         	
Youbou-  	
Totals ....          .- .
1
209
112
321
394
285
679 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 25
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
3
1
1
9
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
39
2
5
2
1
1
5
2
1
1
1
98
1
1
11
3
3
1
15
1
1
166
9
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
3
2
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
9
1
6
1
1
1
1
1
15
1
1
1
2
1
39
2
5
2
1
1
5
1
166
9
2
1
1
1
1
98
1
1
11
3
3
Brought forward.	
225
1
3
1
1
10
1
66
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
6
25
4
7
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
5
1
2
3
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
194
1
1
1
2
68
1
1
1
4
2
3
3
1
2
419
1
1
3
1
1
1
Miner— —  	
10
Bricklayer —
1
2
1
134
1
Cashier..    -	
Painter.. - -   —.
1
1
1
Clerk   	
Plasterer  - - -..
1
1
Postman— - - —
1
2
1
1
3
6
Retired  -	
Sailor- - 	
26
4
7
1
3
1
1
1
1
5
2
1
Stone-mason - -	
1
2
Student- - —-	
8
1
5
3
1
Judge 	
1
1
2
1
3
1
Longshoreman —	
1
394
285
679
225
194
1
419
1 V 26
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those amditted from April 1st,
to March 31st, 1936.
1935,
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Un
30
25
35
32
25
30
31
31
43
39
12
21
17
14
9
21
14
29
20
30
28
30
33
18
18
15
5
12
6
6
51
20                                                           -	
39
25      „                     '  	
64
30                                                                                                     	
52
35                                                                                  	
55
40      „              - ■    -    	
58
45	
61
50      „	
64
55      „            	
61
60      „  	
57
65     „                	
27
70                                              .           —	
26
75                                              	
29
80     „	
20
Ov
15
394
285
679
Table No. 11.
—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First        _     	
231
36
14
3
2
2
106
181
43
7
5
3
46
412
79
Third - _	
21
Fourth—               — _
8
5
2
152
Totals .   	
394         1         285
679
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
64
57
44
13
19
17
25
5
16
14
2
118
22
54
38
19
17
15
10
11
12
24
63
86
111
82
32
36
32
„      5      „       _»   	
35
„    10      „     ...     —     ■ —  	
16
„    15      „        	
28
Over  15      „       	
38
2
181
Totals -           	
394
285
679 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 27
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Heredity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
3
21
20
30
317
2
3
5
19
26
31
201
4
8
40
46
61
518
2
394
285
679
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Alleged Cause.
Male.
Female.
Total.
.15
32
4
2
2
2
9
153
1
1
13
19
30
21
3
1
32
2
2
3
1
3
37
2
1
3
2
9
1
1
1
2
8
106
8
26
31
19
4
3
10
2
5
1
2
33
11
17
41
5
2
2
2
1
Childbirth       —       	
1
2
17
259
1
1
21
45
61
40
7
4
42
2
2
3
1
1
5
70
2
1
14
Totals      ...  	
394
285
679
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
95
245
54
66
183
36
161
428
90
Totals	
394
285
679 V 28
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Form of Disorder.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Arteriosclerosis 	
Dementia prEecox	
Epilepsy with psychosis -
General paresis  	
Imbecility and idiocy	
Involutional melancholia-
Manic depressive 	
Mental deficiency with psychosis.
Moron.     	
Neurosyphilis _ 	
Not insane.— 	
Paranoia    —	
Psychoneurosis  _ 	
Psychosis with cerebral syphilis.	
Psychosis with Parkinson's syndrome .
Senile dementia    	
Somatic disease     	
Tabo-paresis with psychosis..
Toxic psychosis   	
Traumatic psychosis.—	
Totals. —	
32
151
11
30
40
2
1
6
2
1
36
14
17
1
394
9
85
10
7
34
9
72
1
8
1
2
285
41
236
21
37
74
17
110
1
12
1
2
3
6
2
1
69
20
1
24
1
679
Table No. 17.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
21
101
27
2
12
45
42
50
19
1
19
54
63
151
46
3
31
Still out at the close of the year - - - - -	
99
Totals _      _      	
208
185
393
Table No. 18.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in
those discharged from april 1st, 1935, to march 31st, 1936.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
26
33
6
8
5
6
3
6
13
2
43
21
22
12
7
10
2
4
9
1
24
47
55
18
3       ,    	
15
6       „	
15
12       „      	
8
7
3     „     _ —	
6
22
3
67
Totals	
151
112
263 STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 29
Table No. 19.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
'<_
£
P.
oj
s
QJ
6.
qj'
1
QJ
*fi
s
QJ
'fi
1
S
QJ
Unc
4
2
10
2
1
2
4
8
10
7
2
8
1
1
1
5
10
6
17
18
9
16
12
4
2
2
4
6
5
10
6
6
4
4
1
2
2
2
2
2
4
2
6
3
1
5
5
5
1
3
2
3
2
3        „          	
1
6       „         	
9        „        -	
,    12       „       	
3                              	
4     „                 - —	
5     „                      	
5 ye
ars and over — -  —
21
42
101
50
27
19
2
1
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
Register
Time
in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
9823
L. P.
M.
67
7
7
30
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14205
H. K
M.
19
O
14
Exhaustion of dementia pra.cox.
10445
J.J.
M.
62
6
4
29
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
12634
E. P. V.
F.
70
2
8
29
Endarteritis  obliterans ;  arteriosclerosis ;
carditis.
myo-
13859
S. J. C.
M.
51
9
21
P*dlmonary tuberculosis.
14383
J. P.
F.
85
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14280
J. M.
M.
78
2
3
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14192
S. K.
M.
48
3
28
Exhaustion of dementia prEecox.
14345
J. C. K.
M.
43    '
29
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14379
s. t. b.
M.
57
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
11580
J. s.
M.
78
4
6
25
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14057
M. B.
M.
49
6
14
Bronchopneumonia;     exhaustion     of     general
paresis.
14396
A. P.
F.
65
5
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis
4695
R. S. B.
M.
78
19
1
22
Chronic myocarditis.
18984
E. H.
F.
35
8
9
Exhaustion of dementia pra_cox.
11946
G. M.
M.
60
3
11
26
Coronary     thrombosis;     arteriosclerosis
dementia.
with
14330
H. S.
M.
65
1
21
Exhaustion of general paresis.
10494
E. F.
F.
68
6
4
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11304
F. C.
M.
34
5
13
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9216
A. McE.
M.
31
8
10
4
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13914
B.N.
M.
44
9
15
Cerebral h-emorrhage; chronic nephritis.
14362
G. w. r.
M.
52
1
7
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
14429
F. C.
M.
58
9
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14187
R. G.
F.
61
4
25
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12582
M. C.
F.
67
2
11
7
Erysipelas.
14372
M. G. F.
F.
66
1
10
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13411
A. Z.
F.
36
1
7
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11714
S. G.
M.
64
4
4
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14339
A. L. T.
M.
35
2
6
Exhaustion of toxic psychosis (morphine)
14293
C. K.
M.
80
3
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14451
A. S. McD.
M.
58
~
8
Peritonitis due to appendix abscess. V 30
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
No.
Time
in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
11331
J. V. A.
F.
26
5
18
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7297
F. M. B.
F.
55
13
1
3
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
14332
N. D.
F.
58
2
15
Carcinoma of left hand ; anaemia.
13470
K. L. W.
M.
35
1
6
24
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14351
E. T. K.
F.
43
2
7
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
14163
T. C. McP.
M.
75
5
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12129
M. W.
F.
79
3
9
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
3933
L. P.
F.
56
21
5
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis ; bronchopneumonia.
14277
A. C.
M.
68
o
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14390
M. W.
F.
40
1
17
Chronic myocarditis.
11368
D. D.
M.
92
5
12
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8762
R. J.
M.
31
9
10
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11632
J. S. B.
M.
54
4
7
10
Coronary thrombosis; toxic psychosis (alcoholic) .
10740
M. B.'T.
F.
54
6
29
Coronary thrombosis.
12769
G. S.
F.
40
2
8
29
Exhaustion of acute mania.
14414
T. M.
M.
65
1
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14450
D. W. B.
M.
58
24
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8713
E. H. B.
M.
26
10
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13620
S. N.
M.
75
1
3
29
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12638
L. A. J.
M.
82
2
11
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11745
J. P.
M.
59
4
5
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
9167
M. W.
F.
66
9
22
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14503
C. C.
F.
45
10
Exhaustion of general paresis.
970
C. J.
M.
70
35
6
23
Bronchopneumonia.
14511
F. Mel.
M.
70
12
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14528
T. H. H.
M.
60
7
Carcinoma of the prostate.
10442
J. C. O.
M.
41
6
7
19
Accidental drowning.
3975
J. W.
M.
71
21
3
22
Bronchopneumonia ; fractured hip.
4721
c. s.
F.
67
19
3
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8616
M. A. S. R.
F.
58
10
3
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
10606
L. C S.
M.
35
6
4
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11606
F. M.
M.
44
4
7
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11895
E. S. E.
F.
39
4
3
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6414
J. H.
M.
61
15
1
Carcinoma of the stomach.
13872
A. B.
M.
77
1
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
10806
E. W. B.
F.
51
6
1
14
Bronchopneumonia.
4227
A. R.
M.
52
20
9
22
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
4941
N. L.
F.
47
18
8
24
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14544
D. P.
M.
69
1
Carcinoma of the face.
12716
C. F.
F.
52
2
11
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14473
L. D.
M.
47
2
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
11476
M. G. E.
M.
22
5
20
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14580
A. W.
M.
42
18
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
14588
J. W.
M.
55
17
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14620
R. C
M.
1
4
Bronchopneumonia.
9177
N. M.
F.
32
9
2
17
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
4496
M. B.
F.
55
10
1
18
Cerebral haemorrhage.
1466
M. H.
F.
73
31
7
17
Cirrhosis of liver with jaundice; chronic myocarditis.
5158
G. C
F.
57
18
1
29
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
3219
M. H.
F.
73
23
5
12
Bronchopneumonia.
10920
G. M.
F.
31
6
10
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13424
D. N. T.
F.
18
1
11
3
Exhaustion of dementia pra.cox.
1795
J. E. W.
M.
60
29
21
Carcinoma of the lip.
3724
CD.
M.
65
22
1
19
Hypernephroma of the kidney.
14162
W. P.
M.
70
8
27
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12005
W. F. A.
M.
53
4
2
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13063
J. K.
M.
24
2
5
23
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
10005
C B.
M.
62
7
7
19
Chronic nephritis ; chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis. STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 31
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
Time
in Hospital.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Certified Cause.
12843
M. I. D.
F.
34
2
10
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8509
O. F.
M.
74
.     10
7
24
Chronic myocarditis.
11238
J.L.
M.
52
5
6
6
Chronic myocarditis.
14375
L. R.
M.
22
5
11
Suicide by hanging ;   asphyxia.
14401
E. J. w. h.
M.
68
4
28
Exhaustion of senile dementia;   enteritis.
14572
T. T.
M.
81
2
2
Exhaustion of senile dementia ;   enteritis.
14675
I. A. R.
M.
2
3
Pontine haemorrhage ;   spastic paraplegia.
12104
B. L.
M.
52
4
13
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14559
A. A. R.
F.
55
2
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14673
T. S.
F.
33
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14498
E. B. P.
F.
42
3
21
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
14589
W. R. McD.
M.
72
2
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8987
C. C.
M.
73
9
8
12
Coronary sclerosis.
14599
S.J.
M.
77
1
28
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14614
W. S. K.
M.
45
1
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13093
F. B.
M.
87
2
6
13
Coronary sclerosis; general arteriosclerosis.
13877
J. G. H.
M.
58
1
3
7
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
1715
F. B.
M.
64
29
8
23
Exhaustion of terminal dementia ; perforated
pyloric ulcer ;   chronic myocarditis.
12876
L. E. S.
F.
74
2
10
23
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11776
N. McK.
M.
57
3
8
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14707
M. Z.
F.
37
5
Acute pulmonary oedema.
12366
L. T.
M.
53
3
3
2
Exhaustion due to psychosis with somatic
disease due to fracture of the 6th and 7th
vertebra..
12753
T. W.
M.
87
3
1
11
Coronary sclerosis ;   arteriosclerosis.
14645
L. F.
M.
74
1
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14657
K. E. M.
F.
52
1
14
Bronchopneumonia.
14594
G. B.
M.
78
2
17
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7700
T. P.
M.
72
12
7
9
Osteomyelitis of the left foot; chronic myocarditis.
14697
M. M. W.
F.
72
23
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14660
M. H.
F.
66
1
14
Bronchopneumonia ;   chronic myocarditis.
13891
J. S.
M.
21
1
3
12
Diffuse cerebral degeneration.
10337
T. W.
M.
65
7
2
3
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia; gastroenteritis.
12084
L. S.
M.
80
4
3
27
Exhaustion of senile dementia ; gastroenteritis.
10938
A. C.
F.
86
6
1
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14385
P. S.
M.
55
6
19
Strangulation by hanging ;   suicide.
14747
E. M.
M.
41
4
Exhaustion of dementia pra.cox.
14636
S. B.
M.
77
2
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
10911
R. S.
M.
46
6
2
13
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12621
J. E. S.
F.
79
3
4
17
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14198
S. C. W.
M.
76
....
10
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12482
J.L.
M.
32
3
7
3
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
907
C. P.
M.
66
36
6
9
Carcinoma of the pylorus.
14734
C. A.
F.
49
16
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
14729
R. G.
M.
79
20
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
7437
J. M.
M.
65
13
3
Bronchopneumonia.
10268
C. J. McG.
M.
64
7
4
9
Status epilepticus.
1768
R. G. D. J.
F.
61
29
5
20
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
11880
T. W.
M.
70
4
7
27
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
12153
J. J. McE.
M.
62
4
2
8
Chronic myocarditis.
9505
E. A.
M.
42
8
9
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
5893
M. Mel.
M.
45
16
6
5
Exhaustion of dementia pra.cox.
13577
E. P.
M.
71
1
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14031
J. C.
M.
45
1
2
2
Bronchopneumonia.
14081
J. F. K.
F.
77
1
1
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14136
L.H.
F.
65
1
5
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12124
S. A. K.
F.
52
4
3
11
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
12756
M. L. E. M.
F.
67
3
3
—
Strangulation by hanging ;   suicide. '
V 32
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
No.
Time
in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
14571
E. A. P.
M.
47
4
22
Multiple meningeal fibromata.
14593
J.L.
M.
81
4
9   -
Carcinoma of the pharynx.
8040
I. G. S.
F.
28
11
11
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8236
A. B.
F.
46
11
5
12
Faralysis agitans.
8082
I.S.
M.
51
11
10
9
Exhaustion of epilepsy with psychosis.
14807
D. W.
M.
86
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14685
R. S.
M.
80
2
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12171
E. M. P.
M.
25
4
2
24
Exhaustion of Parkinson's syndrome.
4142
J. C.
M.
60
21
4
23
Chronic myocarditis.
14421
M. H.
F.
92
7
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12807
W. O. N.
M.
53
3
2
7
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14248
M.D.
M.
40
11
4
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14783
B. F.
F.
71
1
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14792
E. G. D.
M.
65
29
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14776
M. O.
M.
35
1
10
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
8905
L. C.
M.
49
10
1
6
Carcinoma of the large bowel.
14622
E. R.
F.
84
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11603
M. A. P.
F.
21
5
2
8
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14634
F. B.
F.
68
3
13
Bronchopneumonia.
13956
W. Q.
F.
47
1
4
20
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
13420
s. s.
F.
40
2
3
Pulmonary tuberculosis ;  pernicious an_emia.
14702
T. C.
M.
83
2
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12549
W. J. C.
M.
67
3
7
10
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
14852
h. c. r.
M.
49
7
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
2013
A.J.
F.
85
28
3
3
Bronchopneumonia.
7211
A. M. S.
F.
63
13
10
11
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
9749
E. T.
F.
88
8
5
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
839
A. McK.
F.
76
37
6
16
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
14808
J. W.
M.
72
. 1
	
Bronchopneumonia.
14827
J. S.
M.
55
	
21
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14825
S. J. H.
M.
71
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
10621
G. I. W.
F.
37
6
10
5
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
14548
J. E. F.
M.
50
6
11
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
1707
H. L. S.
F.
69
30
11
Exhaustion of dementia prjecox.
8816
E. L.
M.
61
11
4
12
Pyelo nephritis.
14865
D. F.
M.
78
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14870
M. B. W.
F.
63
—-
7
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
10463
A. B.
M.
59
7
1
23
Cerebral haemorrhage.
14793
G. C.
M.
75
1
19
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
2256
J. P.
M.
72
27
4
Coronary thrombosis ;   arteriosclerosis.
14879
J. B.
M.
65
7
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia; carcinoma of the rectum.
13267
M. H. K.
F.
46
2
6
21
Lobar pneumonia ;   chronic myocarditis.
14711
C. B.
F.
84
3
18
Bronchopneumonia.
14840
A. C. McK.
M.
76
1
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12497
R. E. H.
M.
62
3
9
10
Exhaustion of paranoia.
14862
J. G. J.
M.
73
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11376
E. C.
M.
36
5
8
2
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11887
E. V. T.
M.
48
4
10
11
Bronchopneumonia ; chronic myocarditis ; pleu-
ropericarditis ; fibrosis of the lung.
9575
H. V.
F.
80
8
10
9
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
12806
M. E. B.
F.
78
3
3
20
Bronchopneumonia.
13182
M. T.
F.
76
2
8
16
Bronchopneumonia.
13155
R. B.
F.
30
2
10
4
Bronchopneumonia; pulmonary tuberculosis.
8539
A. N.
M.
46
10
11
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14800
L. O.
M.
67
2
3
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11088
C. A.
M.
48
6
1
20
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
14893
W. J. K.
M.
79
	
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2787
H. C.
M.
55
25
2
14
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14710
N. J. F.
M.
69
3
26
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
11255
P. F.
M.
54
5
10
16
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox. STATISTICAL TABLES.
V 33
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
TIMF
in Hospital.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Certified Cause.
14892
L. M. W.
F.
38
21
Bronchopneumonia; exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12907
C. K.
F.
39
3
1
22
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
5725
J.N.
F.
73
17
1
14
Chronic myocarditis.
11225
L. L.
F.
77
*     I
11
11
Cerebral haemorrhage.
14904
D.N.
M.
69
17
Paralysis agitans.
14914
S. T. C.
M.
51
9
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
14458
V. R. B.
F.
24
8
25
Bronchopneumonia; chronic basal meningitis.
10747
S. McC.
F.
74
6
9
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13152
E. B.
F.
30
2
9
17
Bronchopneumonia; toxic myocarditis.
7493
G. W. S.
M.
55
13
4
24
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
9756
G. P.
F.
41
8
7
	
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14799
H. S.
F.
83
2
21
Bronchopneumonia; chronic myocarditis.
11583
F. M. P.
F.
33
5
3
8
Bronchopneumonia.
14311
C. E.
F.
76
11
28
Bronchopneumonia.
14354
E. M. S.
F.
68
	
11
	
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
13887
L. M. McC.
F.
40
1
7
14
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
8487
A. B.
F.
75
11
1
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
1330
C. P.
M.
65
33
1
26
Lobar pneumonia.
11420
A. H.
F.
35
5
8
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
10940
M. L. H.
F.
46
6
5
26
Bronchopneumonia.
3452
1.1. G.
F.
47
23
4
14
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
14826
J. B.
M.
88
2
18
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
887
F. P.
M.
65
37
19
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14905
P. L.
M.
44
1
3
Exhaustion of toxic psychosis.
14361
B. W.
F.
54
11
3
Rupture aortic aneurism (syphilis).
12173
E. R.
F.
37
•    4
5
15
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13266
H. O.
F.
68
2
8
5
Bronchopneumonia.
11361
M. W.
F.
95
5
9
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14668
W. F.
M.
76
5
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14961
M.J.
M.
85
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11107
W. E. C.
M.
78
6
2
11
Cerebral haemorrhage.
14987
M.N.
M.
15
7
pulmonary tuberculosis.
14506
M. t.
F.
75
9
3
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14983
F. C.
M.
61
10
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14948
C. R. E.
M.
59
26
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13008
G. K. McP.
M.
25
3
1
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14975
H. O.
M.
51
19
Cerebral haemorrhage; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
15025
J. K.
M.
78
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14976
W. L.
M.
74
24
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
5969
J.J.
M.
75
15
8
12
Bronchopneumonia; coronary sclerosis.
15016
J. H.
M.
38
11
Fulmonary tuberculosis.
13376
M. S. C.
F.
59
2
6
21
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13317
F. A. W.
F.
27
2
7
26
Chronic osteomyelitis ; pulmonary tuberculosis.
15032
J. S. McG.
M.
83
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
828
J. S.
M.
80
37
11
21
Bronchopneumonia.
14869
H. M.
M.
65
3
Chronic myocarditis.
14563
T. R.
M.
54
8
23
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
10950
N. M.
M.
8
5
6
27
Exhaustion of idiocy.
10821
H. D.
M.
69
5
9
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13523
P. W.
M.
7
1
4
11
Status epilepticus.
10721
A.J.
M.
78
6
3
Lobar pneumonia.
13898
V. F.
M.
85
9
16
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
12795
K. F.
M.
8
2
6
27
Lobar pneumonia.
9397
K. C. B.
F.
21
8
6
9
Congenital lues.
7742
L.S.
F.
14
12
14
Status epilepticus.
13998
M.C.
F.
10
9
Status epilepticus.
4760
T. W.
M.
69
19
1
7
Chronic myocarditis and arteriosclerosis.
12847
K. W.
F.
18
1
7
17
Miliary tuberculosis.
13994
W. P.
M.
50
10
3
Lobar pneumonia. V 34
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Time in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
14540
D. C McL.
M.
14
1
5
Status epilepticus.
7169
G. W. S.
M.
76
13
7
25
Lobar pneumonia.
13234
G. R. M.
M.
17
2
2
3
Acute miliary tuberculosis.
5120
R. W.
M.
24
18
3
13
Exhaustion of idiocy.
11639
W. G.
M.
62
4
11
28
Chronic myocarditis and arteriosclerosis.
14598
R. C. H.
M.
9
4
22
Cardiac dilation ; bronchopneumonia.
10883
H. A.
M.
20
6
5
13
Post encephalitic Parkinsonism.
11967
G. E. M.
M.
70
4
8
11
Bronchopneumonia.
13521
R. R. W.
M.
5
2
1
19
Exhaustion of idiocy.
11023
W. D. O.
M.
68
6
3
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
1298
L. R.
M.
62
33
2
12
Carcinoma of colon.
13970
T. M.
M.
82
1
6
21
Bronchopneumonia.
11939
H. N. LeC.
M.
70
4
10
15
Exhaustion of Parkinsonian syndrome.
14663
R. S.
M.
2
6
6
Exhaustion of idiocy and spastic diplegia.
7214
H. R. H.
M.
17
14
2
9
Exhaustion of idiocy.
13977
J. H. T.
M.
77
7
18
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12473
R. P.
M.
19
4
Lobar pneumonia.
672
T. W.
M.
73
40
1
26
Apoplexy.
6235
J. F.
M.
48
14
1
23
Chronic myocarditis.
9727
S. H.
M.
84
6
10
15
Chronic myocarditis.
3787
M. k. g.
M.
64
21
8
21
Bronchopneumonia.
11246
J. S.
M.
55
5
4
Bronchopneumonia.
8864
I. Y.
M.
*
9
9
15
Bronchitis.
3965
P. McT.
M.
61
21
6
4
Cerebral haemorrhage.
9202
S. W.
M.
75
9
3
7
Cerebral haemorrhage.
8729
C. K.
M.
47
10
3
16
Phthisis pulmonalis.
5638
C. M.
M.
52
17
6
Chronic nephritis.
5881
W. W. S.
M.
67
16
10
General peritonitis.
* Unknown.
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations effected from April 1st, 1935,
to March 31st, 1936.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior to
Admission to Hospital.
Period in Hospital.
!
Years.
Months.
Days.
Years.
Months.
Days.
14236
G. M.
M.
U.S.A	
3
3
27
14165
J. E. G.
M.
England	
2
4
5
17
14326
J. I. R.
M.
Wales	
4
10
16
3
14
14310
T. M.
M.
England 	
4
11
4
13
14133
J. M.
M.
4
7
2
8
21
12266
C. P.
F.
England 	
3
3
3
9
13913
O. M.
M.
Esthonia— —	
4
2
22
1
29
14164
W. R. S.
M.
England	
10
9
16
9
3
14179
A.N.
M.
Germany —	
2
6
12
1
9
14
14181
G. B.
M.
England	
6
3
10
10
27
14126
E. H.
F.
U.S.A.    .
6
22
1
4 BURSAR'S REPORT. V 35
PART II—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., October 9th, 1936.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith for your consideration the financial statement of the Provincial Mental Hospitals of British Columbia for the year ended March 31st, 1936, including
balance-sheets, profit andi loss accounts, and various other financial and statistical reports.
The total gross operating expenditure for the three institutions, as detailed in Table D,
shows an expenditure of $1,061,415.97, an increase of $70,089.31 over the preceding year, and,
while to some extent accounted for by the increase in our population, is a clear reflection of
the increased cost of provisions and other commodities and the cost of living in general. This
is shown in detail in the analysis of the gross per capita cost, Table B 1, where a decided
increase in the provision and clothing accounts is to be noted.
Our average daily population for the year under review was 3,126.06, as against 3,069.50
for the previous year, and the gross per capita cost $339.53 per year or 92.77 cents per day,
as against $322.96 per year and 88.48 cents per day during the preceding year.
Produce to a value of $144,424.08 was supplied by the Colony Farm to the three Hospitals, as follows: To Essondale Hospital, $125,048.80; to the Public Hospital for Insane,
New Westminster, $19,350.18; and to Saanich Mental Home, $25.
Colony Farm expenditures of $119,70-6.05 have been included in our statements in compiling the per capita maintenance cost.
Slightly improved conditions are also evident in collections. Revenue remitted to the
Treasury from the three institutions totalled $166,367.83, as compared with $152,239.56 in
the year 1934-35, and bills collectable under the " Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" total $339,471, bringing our revenue to $505,838.83,an increase of $24,030.27
over the preceding year.
In closing, I would express my appreciation of the many courtesies and the close co-operation that has marked our relations with all other departments of the institution and the
Government at all times.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. V 36 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1936.
Assets.
Cemetery   $610,89
Buildings        866,648.21
Plant and equipment         21,200.82
Furniture and fixtures   .      17,900.00
Inventories  (unissued stores) —
Provisions  $5,072.75
Furniture and fixtures     2,333.89
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies       $95.61
Tools, P.W.D.   1,614.15
Stores, P.W.D      682.15
     2,391.91
Clothing      9,398.22
Miscellaneous         139.91
         19,336.68
Deficit  (cost of operations, 1936-36)         180,639.26
$1,106,335.86
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia $1,106,335.86
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Salaries   $94,427.34
Office supplies   1,393.43
Travelling expenses   107.59
Fuel, water, light, and power  18,163.45
Maintenance and repairs   23,500.16
Furniture and fixtures  1,558.87
Provisions  m  42,507.96
Clothing   7,201.73
Medical and surgical supplies  1,669.93
Examinations, committals, and transportation  5.00
Incidentals and unforeseen .-.  2,782.37
Collections for year to Treasury               $12,678.57
Net operating cost for year              180,639.26
$193,317.83    $193,317.83 ESSONDALE. V 37
PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1936.
Assets.
Land      $117,763.50
Buildings    4,297,234.70
Furniture and fixtures        101,927.48
Plant and equipment         59,016.98
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions   $16,322.77
Clothing     10,725.64
Furniture and fixtures       8,626.12
Miscellaneous       1,755.52
Fuel        4,324.80
Maintenance and repairs'—
Janitors' supplies     $443.86
Tools, P.W.D  4,550.85
Stores, P.W.D.  7,704.76
     12,699.47
Medical and surgical        3,181.25
         57,635.57
Deficit (cost of operations, 1935-36)        630,679.28
$5,264,257.51
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia $5,264,257.51
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Salaries  $303,474.46
Office supplies  8,154.63
Travelling expenses  2,281.23
Fuel, water, light, and power  85,596.00
Repairs and renewals  83,439.53
Furniture and fixtures  11,485.80
Provisions  192,599.94
Clothing, boots, etc.  41,493.01
Medical and surgical supplies  9,675.72
Examinations, committals, and transportation  10,479.22
Incidentals and contingencies  22,809.81
Collections for year to Treasury           $140,809.77
Net operating cost for year              630,679.58
$771,489.35    $771,489.35 V 38
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1936.
Assets.
Buildings	
Furniture and fixtures
Implements and stock.
Airing and recreation courts .
Inventories (unissued stores)-
Provisions	
Clothing
Furniture and fixtures	
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies   $241.43
Tools and stores, P.W.D     506.32
Miscellaneous
Fuel	
$971.35
3,301.48
1,763.28
747.75
96.88
131.40
Deficit (cost of operations, 1935-36)
$284,359.31
19,278.25
5,478.30
750.00
7,012.14
83,729.30
$400,607.30
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia	
$400,607.30
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Salaries     $45,709.15
Office supplies	
Travelling expenses 	
Fuel, water, light, and power	
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures	
Provisions	
Clothing 	
Medical and surgical supplies T	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen	
Collections for year to Treasury	
Net operating cost for year	
621.51
165.38
8,487.44
5,999.83
2,140.96
22,121.91
6,216.93
371.98
267.37
4,506.33
$12,879.49
83,729.30
$96,608.79      $96,608.79 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 39
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872  (81 days)             -	
16.57
16.07
16.76
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
48.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133.92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
489.07
515.74
560.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585.38
752.78
562.12
755.46
90.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
596.07
$2,265.25
7,841.94
8,232.41
9,892.38
12,558.18
12,917.17
13,985.05
10,253.72
10,552.18
10,691.76
11,343.65
11,829.11
11,843.94
15,555.87
15,334.43
15,945.22
16,261.06
15,657.79
17,577.80
21,757.03
23,518.37
25,904.98
26,495.83
31,587.89
32,001.40
36,224.76
46,420.25
54,917.45
59,349.20
55,406.08
55,345.65
59,353.67
66,052.76
63,342.07
66,596.69
74,874.64
90,269.49
96,586.32
103,900.44
126,782.50
130,924.06
119,663.71
71,079.84
125,981.45
131,420.44
123,021.70
123,878.43
116,052.21
155,698.37
124,124.68
166,231.51
156,574.85
222,097.37
236,631.90
357,630.99
40,433.28
233,486.76
336,585.35
51,995.87'
210,887.45
$616.00
1873                                -	
487.98
1874   	
491.20
1875                                     	
360.77
1876 ■	
344.91
1877                     :    	
373.26
1878   	
382.93
1879                               ...                   -
268.63
1880                                                            - - -
232.32
1881                               ...                       	
226.62
1882                                -
237.02
1883                                                                 	
242.75
1884                                                                            	
243.20
1885 	
284.54
1886                                                                            	
259.42
1887 -                  - - 	
216.70
1888                                                                            	
204.72
1889    	
219.60
1890                                                                           	
223.13
1891                              	
181.50
1892	
187.80
1893                                       .	
193.36
1894                                                          -	
178.25
1895                                                                           	
193.83
1896                     	
186.67
1897                                                                           	
191.75
1898 	
214.38
1899                                                -	
242.52
1900 - - 	
244.00
1901                                                         - - —.
205.54
1902                                                	
186.59
1903                                                                          .__■       	
178.65
1904	
187.89
1905                              	
185.80
1906                                                          	
177.79
178.59
1908                                              	
183.92
1909                                                                 -.
183.32
1910	
184.43
mil            _	
197.78
1912                                                  - -   —    	
177.71
217.36
1913, M.H., Essondale (9 months)  -	
1914, M.H., New Westminster. - - - - - —	
1914, M.H., Essondale  — -..
184.76
258.56
268.36
238.53
1915, M.H., Essondale ' -	
220.99
1916, M.H., New Westminster 	
221.40
1916, M.H., Essondale-   -  .,	
1917, M.H., New Westminster  — -	
1917, M.H., Essondale    - -	
245.91
231.72
232.05
267.47
1918, M.H., Essondale -  	
295.03
420.97
473.38
1919-20, M.H., Saanich  (373 days)   -	
446.72
1920-21, M.H., New Westminster..  — __ - -  ',
1920-21, M.H., Essondale-  	
1920 21, M.H., Saanich        	
411.44
403.52
478.47
1921-22, M.H., New Westminster	
353.79 V 40
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost—Continued.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1921-22,
1921-22,
1922-23,
1922-23,
1922-23,
1923-24,
1923-24,
1923-24,
1924-25,
1924-25,
1924-25,
1925-26,
1925-26,
1925-26,
1926-27.,
1926-27,
1926-27,
1927-28,
1927-28,
1927-28,
1928-29,
1928-29,
1928-29,
1929-30,
1929-30,
1929-30,
1930-31,
1930-31,
1930-31,
1931-32,
1931-32,
1931-32,
1932-33,
1932-33,
1932-33,
1933-34,
1933-34,
1933-34,
1934-35,
1934-35,
1934-35,
1935-36,
1935-36,
1935-36,
M.H,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.;
M.H.
M.H,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H,
M.H,
M.H,
M.H.,
M.H,
M.H,
M.H.,
M.H.:
M.H.,
M.H.
M.H.:
M.H,
M.H.:
M.H,
M.H.,
M.H..
M.H.
M.H..
M.H.
M.H.
M.H.
M.H.
M.H.,
M.H.
M.H.
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H,
M.H,
M.H,
M.H.
M.H.
M.H.
Essondale 	
Saanich  	
New Westminster.
Essondale  	
Saanich  	
New Westminster.—
Essondale  —
Saanich _	
New Westminster.
Essondale  __
Saanich — _
New Westminster.
Essondale 	
Saanich _  	
New Westminster	
Essondale 	
Saanich   	
New Westminster.
Essondale -	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale — 	
Saanich  	
New Westminster..
Essondale —.	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale  	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale 	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale  	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale	
Saanich 	
New Westminster.
Essondale —	
Saanich  	
New Westminster.
Essondale. 	
Saanich	
890.32
120.05
603.40
942.60
127.57
628.85
963.83
139.69
620.23
,046.78
156.28
612.28
,151.21
164.55
652.98
,238.81
172.99
667.33
,302.77
221.41
701.22
,363.43
228.96
737.12
,414.29
226.62
547.98
,693.31
240.43
361.88
,991.41
254.06
389.85
,102.92
258.95
430.00
,191.48
263.17
489.72
,317.22
262.56
507.26
,361.31
257.50
$321,150.35
47,860.96
214,672.13
312,955.52
47,215.01
219,277.02
334,227.39
53,597.29
201,023.79
385,160.68
58,715.33
182,864.26
454,409.02
59,792.32
185,394.70
489,843.33
67,795.28
195,215.68
522,430.46
84,539.66
207,340.35
577,576.29
97,313.32
232,653.31
615,048.53
91,199.58
210,193.51
699,548.70
104,342.82
178,146.40
706,772.16
102,171.37
171,767.80
685,279.78
100,862.54
159,996.23
661,657.29
90,782.29
181,335.00
714,027.74
95,963.92
193,317.83
771,489.05
96,608.79
$360.71
398.67
355.77
332.01
370.11
348.69
346.76
383.68
324.11
367.94
375.70
298.66
394.72
363.37
283.92
395.41
391.90
292.53
401.01
381.82
295.68
423.62
425.02
315.62
434.88
402.43
383.58
413.12
433.98
492.28
354.91
402.15
440.60
325.87
389.505
372.08
301.92
344.95
370.28
308.14
365.49
381.10
326.72
375.18 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 41
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872 -.. -.
$279.38
$184.03
$55.81
$22.44
$15.55
$10.18
$49.30
$616.69
487.98
1873 _	
221.48
166.81
14.55
23.65
21.59
7.74
32.16
1874.-  	
231.10
152.10
22.07
23.98
28.36
7.78
25.81
491.20
1875- - 	
153.82
113.40
13.98
16.88
25.45
6.73
30.51
360.77
1876  -  - -
143.34
114.45
18.68
22.75
17.90
2.86
24.93
344.91
1877 —- - - - -
177.15
126.75
20.69
4.66
20.75
3.74
19.52
373.26
1878 -  	
176.16
124.23
30.43
13.94
7.20
9.16
21.82
382.93
1879 -..-  - -	
134.27
95.10
3.25
15.91
6.39
6.31
7.40
268.63
1880— — -
111.84
87.71
5.74
14.06
6.00
3.63
3.34
332.32
1881  -  - --	
112.44
81.14
6.86
12.73
5.55
2.56
5.34
226.62
1882 ___ - - —
121.51
84.52
7.05
12.30
4.54
3.49
3.61
237.02
1883 -   .-.
123.81
92.56
6.03
11.04
4.26
2.24
2.82
242.75
1884 - - —
124.02
90.64
7.03
12.43
4.14
2.77
2.18
243.20
1885 _	
169.05
84.33
6.33
15.05
3.90
2.93
2.95
284.54
1886 -  	
159.03
69.35
5.49
16.20
3.72
1.59
4.04
259.42
1887	
127.80
118.34
59.10
60.47
5.88
4.41
15.38
13.90
3.88
3.11
.93
2.09
3.81
2.40
216.78
1888  -  	
204.72
1889. - -	
131.70
59.11
7.20
12.93
4.13
2.07
2.46
219.60
1890- - -- -	
121.54
62.77
9.02
17.31
4.00
1.29
7.19
223.10
1891— - - -	
88.35
54.79
3.83
20.43
3.40
1.89
8.81
181.52
1892 - - - -
94.25
95.50
56.74
53.55
4.69
5.43
20.53
22.60
3.35
3.39
1.80
2.69
6.42
10.20
187.80
1893 .  - - -	
193.36
1894 - - -	
87.76
57.07
5.25
18.83
2.98
1.43
4.93
178.25
1895 —- -	
90.83
89.13
61.15
55.93
9.90
6.30
20.41
20.29
2.51
2.56
3.10
3.63
5.93
8.83
193.83
1896  —	
186.67
1897 - - 	
89.09
58.18
8.36
19.11
2.95
3.86
10.20
191.75
1898	
94.68
113.31
116.04
69.43
72.91
72.62
9.94
8.31
9.06
21.82
33.96
32.10
2.76
2.50
2.15
5.12
2.73
1.71
10.62
8.80
10.32
214.37
1899	
242.52
1900- -- -- -
244.00
1901   	
99.16
87.47
66.65
61.13
10.12
7.95
18.52
15.25
3.25
4.13
1.07
1.20
6.77
9.46
205.54
1902 — - -..
186.59
1903    .                  	
82.36
87.43
92.17
88.76
89.18
90.93
94.27
57.86
60.01
54.09
53.15
48.47
49.17
53.41
8.58
6.85
5.99
5.16
5.81
6.61
8.16
14.77
17.84
17.93
15.92
19.82
17.63
13.02
3.24
4.48
3.83
3.57
3.02
4.56
2.78
1.91
2.10
2.03
1.21
1.57
1.79
.84
9.93
9.18
9.76
10.02
10.72
13.23
10.84
178.65
1904                        	
187.89
1905 -   ' -	
185.80
1906
177.79
1907 — 	
178.59
1908                         - -
183.92
1909 - -- - -	
183.32
1910                                    	
95.97
97.44
78.40
48.43
58.08
56.37
7.87
9.39
10.09
21.32
18.84
19.36
2.02
1.12
1.79
1.15
1.87
1.50
7.67
11.04
10.20
184.43
1911    -
197.78
177.71
1913, M.H., New Westminster
102.37
54.07
9.43
25.27
4.74
3.21
18.27
217.36
1913, M.H., Essondale	
93.56
49.90
5.50
25.13
.55
1.02
14.10
184.76
1914, M.H., New Westminster
115.72
68.15
2.99
24.13
.69
2.64
44.24
258.56
1914, M.IL, Essondale - -	
113.06
81.42
15.49
28.93
4.14
1.19
24.13
268.36
1915, M.H, New Westminster
110.94
64.32
7.57
20.30
1.88
33.52
238.53
1915, M.H., Essondale	
95.25
62.84
9.44
24.87
1.14
.56
26.89
220.99
1916, M.H., New Westminster
105.89
74.96
2.58
18.52
1.45
18.00
221.40
1916, M.H., Essondale 	
89.26
75.18
17.76
26.96
4.98
.42
31.35
245.91
1917, M.H., New Westminster
103.41
72.20
10.52
18.29
2.38
24.92
231.72
1917, M.H., Essondale  -
83.57
79.98
18.92
23.39
4.77
.81
20.61
232.05
This accounting system was discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1. V 42
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
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•" FINANCIAL TABLES. V 47
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost
op Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers  $160,310.70
Proportion headquarters vouchers  ... 3,411.62
Proportion Colony Farm vote  21,957.92
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)   20,421.76
Inventories, March 31st, 1935  17,773.11
$223,875.11
Less Essondale Clothing Account      $9,142.10
,,     Saanich Clothing Account       1,880.00
,,     sundry sales  198.50
„     inventories, March 31st, 1936     19,336.68
       30,557.28
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $193,317.83
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers  $581,145.92
Proportion headquarters vouchers   15,352.30
Proportion Colony Farm vote  90,989.66
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)  85,681.32
New Westminster Clothing Account  9,142.10
Inventories, March 31st, 1935  47,102.74
$829,414.04
Less sundry sales  :        $289.42
„     inventories, March 31st, 1936     57,635.27
 57,924.69
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale       771,489.35
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers  $84,190.86
Proportion headquarters vouchers   1,705.81
Maintenance and repairs  (Public Works Department)  5,541.86
New Westminster Clothing Account  1,880.00
Colony Farm Stock Account .  25.00
Inventories, March 31st, 1935   10,277.40
$103,620.93
Less inventories, March 31st, 1936          7,012.14
Total, Mental Home, Saanich         96,608.79
Total operating expense for the three institutions $1,061,415.97
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $12,678.57
Mental Hospital, Essondale 1  140,809.77
Mental Home, Saanich     12,879.49
$166,367.83
505,838.83
Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification (Munici
palities) Act "     339,471.00
Total net expense for the three institutions     $555,577.14 V 48 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Total daily average population for the three institutions, 3,126.06, showing a gross per
capita of $339.53 per year or 92.77 cents per day, or a net per capita cost without collections
under "Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $286.32 per year or
78.23 cents per day, or a net per capita to the Province after deducting bills collectable under
" Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $177.72 per year or 48.56 cents
per day.
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement op the New Westminster Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries   $114,752.34
Less board and room        18,367.70
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies   $469.70
Telephone and telegraph  599.68
Provisions—
Groceries   $15,417.32
Meat   8,340.35
Fish  1,533.20
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing      $11,812.65
Boots and slippers  :  943.23
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs  $987.91
Miscellaneous  682.02
3,384.64
  1,069.38
Travelling expenses   62.72
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel     $11,035.85
Water          2,871.63
Light and power !         4,255.97
         18,163.45
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   145.29
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding  _. $746.16
Miscellaneous         1,035.41
  1,781.57
25,290.87
12,755.88
  1,669.93
Examinations, committals, and transportation   5.00
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements   $130.49
Gratuities   5.00
Funerals  425.00
Gas and oil  597.501
Laundry   148.68
Occupational therapy  217.01
Carried forward       $1,523.68    $157,328.73 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 49
Table E.-
-Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward	
1,523.68    $157,328.73
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Incidentals and unforeseen—Continued.
Freight and cartage	
Miscellaneous 	
32.58
1,425.71
Total expenditure for year by voucher 	
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department).
Proportion headquarters vote 	
Proportion Colony Farm vote	
2,981.97
$160,310.70
20,421.76
3,411.62
21,957.92
$206,102.00
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries 	
Expenses—
Office supplies
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$94,427.34 $186,152
1,393.43
107.59
18,163.45
23,500.16
1,558.87
42,507.96
7,201.73
1,669.93
5.00
2,782.37
$193,317.83
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)       12,678.57
Travelling expenses	
Fuel, water, light, and power
Maintenance and repairs 	
Furniture and fixtures	
Provisions 	
Uniforms and clothing ,
Medical and surgical supplies	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen 	
2.746
.212
35.807
46.327
3.073
83.799
14.197
3.292
.010
5.485
$381,100
24.994
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government.— $180,639.26 $356,106
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st
Daily average population in New Westminster for year....
1936
509
507.26
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $381,100
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  1.041
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  356.106
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .973
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries 	
Less board and room
$389,485.70
99,703.39
Carried for war d..
$289,782.31
$289,782.31 V 50 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward     $289,782.31
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $16,96
Postage and office supplies         2,557.10
Telephone and telegraph        4,122.35
  6,696.41
Travelling expenses   2,079.30
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel     $59,485.64
Water          6,600.49
Light and power       20,833.67
         86,919.80
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   1,644.12
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding        $7,075.61
Miscellaneous          4,650.08
         11,725.69
Provisions—
Groceries   $79,109.38
Meat   20,633.30
Fish    5,812.85
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $28,745.49
Boots and slippers         4,018.91
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs   $3,726.99
Instruments   1,777.44
Miscellaneous   4,314.08
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations   $1,492.65
Committals  80.00
Transportation  8,906.57
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements  $1,747.37
Gratuities  278.38
Funerals  2,570.00
Auto-tires  319.97
Auto-repairs   615.57
Gas and oil  1,424.97
Laundry supplies   2,238.23
Occupational therapy  598.71
Freight and cartage  633.22
Miscellaneous   13,254.21
105,555.53
32,764.40
9,818.51
10,479.22
23,680.63
Total expenditure for year by voucher     $581,145.92
Carried forward     $581,145.92 FINANCIAL TABLES.
V 51
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward	
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department) _
Proportion of headquarters vouchers	
Public Hospital for Insane Account	
Proportion of Colony Farm vote	
$581,145.92
85,681.32
15,352.30
9,142.10
90,989.66
$782,311.30
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries ..
Expenses-
Office supplies 	
Travelling expenses 	
Fuel, water, light, and power .
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures	
Provisions 	
Clothing, boots, and slippers	
Medical and surgical supplies	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen	
$303,474.46
8,154.63
2,281.23
85,596.00
83,439.53
11,485.80
192,599.94
41,493.01
9,675.72
10,479.22
22,800.81
$771,489.35
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)     140,809.77
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government— $630,679.58
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$128,520
3.453
.966
36.249
35.336
4.864
81.565
17.572
4.098
4.437
9.660
$326,720
59.632
$267,088
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1936  2,412
Daily average population in Essondale for year  2,361.31
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $326,720
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  .893
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  267.088
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .730
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries      $53,841.98
Less board and room         9,654.18
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies
Telephone and telegraph ....
$244.21
215.27
Travelling expenses
Carried forward..
$44,187.80
459.48
142.95
$44,790.23 V 52
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward	
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel	
Water	
Light and power
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies
Furniture and fixtures1—
Bedding 	
Miscellaneous   	
$5,332.92
1,749.56
1,418.16
$957.02
278.46
$44,790.23
8,500.64
516.98
1,235.48
Provisions—
Groceries
Meat 	
Fish	
Clothing—
Clothing 	
Boots and slippers .
$16,830.53
3,793.29
1,041.40
$2,201.06
112.35
21,665.22
2,313.41
Medical and surgical supplies-
Miscellaneous 	
D rugs 	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements 	
Gratuities   	
Funerals	
Auto-repairs 	
Auto-tires	
Gas and oil	
Laundry	
Freight and cartage	
Miscellaneous	
$261.00
110.98
$454.33
29.25
518.00
30.34
52.46
274.13
1,723.95
77.47
1,369.62
Total expenditure for year by voucher	
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department).
Proportion headquarters vouchers 	
Public Hospital for Insane Account	
Colony Farm Account	
371.98
267.37
4,529.55
$84,190.86
5,541.86
1,705.81
1,880.00
25.00
$93,343.53 FINANCIAL TABLES. V 53
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries __.
Expenses-
Office supplies 	
Travelling expenses 	
Fuel, water, light, and power .
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures	
Provisions 	
Uniforms and clothing	
Medical and surgical supplies	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen 	
Yearly Per
Capita Cost,
$45,709.15
$177,511
621.51
2.414
165.38
.643
8,487.44
32.961
5,999.83
23.300
2,140.96
8.314
22,121.91
85.910
6,216.93
24.144
371.98
1.445
267.37
1.038
4,506.33
17.500
$96,608.79 $375,180
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)       12,879.49 50.018
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government—    $83,729.30 $325,162
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1936    259
Daily average population in Saanich for year     257.50
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $375,180
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day         1.025
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year     325.162
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .888
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1895  $4,409.23
1896   3,741.71
1897   3,816.80
1898   4,003.79
1899   4,769.04
1900   6,893.33
1901   12,800.76
1902   10,926.23
1903   13,639.64
1904   15,004.22
1905   16,613.18
1906   19,058.42
1907   20,753.35
1908  25,807.83
1909  25,845.65
1910   26,137.38
1911   30,100.20
1912   35,151.97
1913   40,756.56
1914   42,731.83
1915, New Westminster   18,046.21
1915, Essondale  16,329.72
1873 	
  .... $1,440.99
1874 	
   .   680.00
1875 	
._ __ ..:._...    1,342.60
1876    	
       730.31
1877 	
    799.91
1878 	
    479.42
1879 	
    867.38
1880 	
   1,433.04
1881 . 	
    614.99
1882 	
1883     	
    505.18
   .   298.24
1884 	
     98.35
1885    	
1886     	
        50.00
1887     	
.     ._   720.59
1888
750.00
1889
220.00
1890      .	
.     599.24
1891      	
    761.15
1892 	
   2,418.43
1893      	
   ..  1,585.40
1894 	
   2,709.53 V 54
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception—Continued.
1916, New Westminster   $18,135.91
1916, Essondale     21,889.74
New Westminster      21,435.93
Essondale     25,350.09
New Westminster      35,169.86
Essondale      32,100.14
1917,
1917,
1918,
1918,
1919-20, New Westminster   45,921.06
1919-20, Essondale   53,740.40
1919-20, Saanich   3,215.39
1920-21, New Westminster   38,323.55
1920-21, Essondale   46,418.81
1920-21, Saanich  3,580.31
1921-22, New Westminster   38,409.52
1921-22, Essondale   43,078.91
1921-22, Saanich  4,263.65
1922-23, New Westminster   34,148.55
1922-23, Essondale   48,448.69
1922-23, Saanich  5,698.29
1923-24, New Westminster   33,407.79
1923-24, Essondale   43,371.30
1923-24, Saanich  5,616.53
1924-25, New Westminster   37,721.99
1924-25, Essondale   49,929.43
1924-25, Saanich  6,125.15
1925-26, New Westminster   35,282.10
1925-26, Essondale   63,151.50
Saanich  7,385.93
1925-26,
1926-27,
1926-27,
New Westminster      27,645.65
Essondale      63,943.08
1926-27, Saanich     $7,085.17
1927-28, New Westminster      35,239.21
1927-28, Essondale      75,720.87
1927-28, Saanich     11,594.08
1928-29, New Westminster      33,995.92
1928-29, Essondale     88,206.54
1928-29, Saanich     10,036.86
1929-30, New Westminster      37,223.30
1929-30, Essondale      86,727.37
1929-30, Saanich     11,196.30
1930-31, New Westminster      27,326.25
1930-31, Essondale      89,920.81
1930-31, Saanich     10,491.08
1931-32, New Westminster      14,216.16
1931-32, Essondale  100,887.75
1931-32, Saanich     10,965.76
1932-33, New Westminster      15,832.13
1932r-33, Essondale    115,905.35
1932-33, Saanich     13,001.66
1933-34, New Westminster      17,019.97
1933-34, Essondale   123,324.03
1933-34, Saanich     12,331.60
1934-35, New Westminster      12,506.21
1934-35, Essondale   126,033.66
1934-35, Saanich     13,699.69
1935-36, New Westminster      12,678.57
1935-36, Essondale   140,809.77
1935-36, Saanich   12,879.49
1932-33, Collections under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"   $296,662.50
1933-34, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"      309,907.00
1934-35, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"      329,569.00
1935-36, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"   339,471.00
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1935-36.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Uniform clothing—
179 uniform suits at $40	
156 uniform pants at $10 	
Stock-
6 canvas suits (material supplied) at !j
12 camisoles  (material supplied)  at $3
19 stock coats at $12.50	
10 stock pants at $6.50 	
Carried forward	
$7,160.00
1,560.00
$60.00
36.00
237.50
65.00
_,720.00
398.50
$9,118.50 TAILOR'S REPORT. V 55
Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Brought forward     $9,118.50
Alterations—
63 suits altered at $1   $63.00
269 coats altered at 25 cents   67.25
342 pants altered at 15 cents  51.30
128 vests altered at 15 cents   19.20
  200.75
Repairs—
3,702 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents   $925.50
4,140 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents  828.00
1,464 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents  292.80
1,483 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents   222.45
Pressing—■
5,311 coats pressed at 15 cents   $796.65
5,536 pants pressed at 10 cents   553.60
2,705 vests pressed at 5 cents  135.25
2,268.75
1,485.50
$13,073.50
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Uniform clothing— . .
51 uniform suits at $40   $2,040.00
43 uniform pants at $10  430.00
$2,470.00
Stock—
43 stock pants at $6.50   $279.50
3 working overalls (staff) at $4  12.00
9 camisoles (material supplied)  at $1.75  ..... 15.75
2 camisoles  (labour only)  at $1.25   2.50
1 repair-bag at 75 cents   75
Camisoles supplied Kinlock Estate as per invoice for year  24.15
340.65
Alterations—
71 suits altered at $1  $71.00
1 suit altered (special)   2.50
282 coats altered at 25 cents   70.50
336 pants altered at 15 cents  50.40
119 vests altered at 15 cents   17.85
212.25
Repairs—
3,952 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents   $988.00
4,288 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents  857.60
943 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents  188.60
1,365 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents   204.75
2,238.95
$5,261.85 V 56
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Uniform clothing—
38 uniform suits at $40 .
36 uniform pants at $10
Mental Home, Saanich.
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1935-36.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
For Mental Home, Saanich ...
Material on hand, March 31st, 1936 ...
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1935
Salaries—
Tailors 	
Seamstresses
Electric power
Electric light ..
Material purchases, 1935-36
Profit on operations
$1,520.00
360.00
$13,073.50
5,261.85
1,880.00
$20,215.35
6,016.36
$1,880.00
$26,231.71
$7,178.04
3,553.28
$100.00
60.00
$5,773.63
10,731.32
160.00
7,567.79
24,232.74
$1,998.97
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT,  1935-36.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
New work—
2 pairs men's boots at $10 	
3 dozen key-straps at 10 cents
Repairs—
598 pairs boots 	
724 pairs slippers 	
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
New work—■
2 pairs men's boots	
8 pairs men's Oxfords 	
1 pair men's slippers	
1 pair women's shoes 	
Repairs—
569 pairs boots     	
$20.00
3.60
$23.60
2,104.95
$1,307.10
797.85
$2,128.55
$13.00
39.00
4.00
5.00
$61.00
812 95
$873.95 PRODUCTION TABLES.
V 57
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1935-36.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale 	
$2,128.55
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster   	
873.95
Material on hand, March 31st, 1936 	
$3,002.50
182.02
$3,184.52
Costs—
Salary of Shoemaker       	
$1,519.32
Material purchased   	
564.92
Light and power             	
35.00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1935    ...
249.86
2,369.10
Profit on operations    ....
$815.42
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1936.
Aprons
204
Chemises      208
Dresses 	
Handkerchiefs
Neckties 	
Petticoats 	
Pillow-slips	
Towels	
Table-cloths _._.
  154
  286
  172
  77
 :  469
  451
  69
Tray-cloths  120
Repaired at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1936.
Curtains, pairs
Bureau-covers  .
Drawers	
Corset-covers __
Jackets (bed) _
Caps	
Cuffs, pairs	
Press covers	
Sheets	
65
36
59
46
91
62
50
30
646
Aprons 	
Blouses 	
Chemises	
Blankets	
Dresses	
Hose, pairs _
Socks, pairs
Drawers 	
Shirts	
Coats 	
Sweaters	
342
827
796
382
894
1,501
1,838
777
1,436
85
72
Overalls  128
Skirts   1,185
Sheets  655
Pillow-slips  117
Bed-ticks  92
Bed-spreads  373
Table-cloths   105
Undervests  848
Towels  144
Corset-covers  121
Work done by Patients at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1936.
Auto-truck	
Baker	
Carpenter 	
Dining-rooms
349
933
1,113
2,215
Engineer      365
Florist  1,469
Garden   2,500
Kitchen   3,387
Lawns	
Cemetery 	
Laundry 	
Wards 	
Piggery 	
Plaster and mason
Porter 	
Scullery 	
._ 2,038
_ 565
._ 2,041
21,615
._ 2,657
. 201
. 1,098
..     731 V 58
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Work done by Patients at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Shoemaker
Tailor 	
Store 	
Teamster ___
758
707
291
365
Farmer .
Painter __
Plumber
Apples, lb. 	
Cherries, lb. 	
Gooseberries, lb.
Plums, lb.	
Pears, lb. 	
Supplies produced at New Westminster, 1935-36.
Fruit.
 52,250 Rhubarb, lb	
      701 Raspberries, lb. 	
      130 Red currants, lb. 	
  2,450 Black currants, lb.	
  1,548 Strawberries, lb. 	
Vegetables.
Beets, lb.	
Carrots, lb.	
Cucumbers, lb. __.
Cabbage, lb.	
Cauliflower, lb. _.
Beans, green, lb.
Lettuce, heads ...
  3,450
  9,800
  245
  4,300
  270
  680
  4,520
Parsnips, lb  3,000
Parsley, bunches  60
Pumpkins, lb. .
Potatoes, early,
Spinach, lb.	
lb.
Onions, green, lb. ...
Onions, cooking, lb.
Tomatoes, ripe, lb..
Mint, bunches 	
Corn, green, doz. ...
Turnips, lb. 	
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1935-36.
Fruit.
Apples, lb. 	
Apples, crab, lb. _
Loganberries, lb.
  4,095
  42
  110
Raspberries, lb.  190
Currants, lb.
Muskmelons
Pears, lb. 	
Plums, lb. ....
Vegetables.
Beans, string, lb.
Beets, lb.	
Brussels sprouts, lb.
Cabbage, lb. 	
Carrots, lb.
Cauliflower, lb. __..
Celery, heads 	
Corn, green, ears
Cucumbers, lb.	
Kale, lb	
Leeks, lb.	
Lettuce, heads	
Onions, lb.	
._ 1,135
._ 3,740
. 130
_ 4,940
.13,490
.. 570
. 314
.. 5,280
.. 1,177
. 385
.. 715
_ 1,130
. 3,992
lb.
Onions, green
Parsnips, lb.	
Peas, green, lb. ___
Potatoes, lb. 	
Potatoes, new, lb.
2,386
838
610
4,688
1,845
840
165
2,660
1,700
8,825
2,920
2,790
3,900
1,200
48
275
700
  40
  10
  830
  360
      225
  3,800
  1,226
 49,585
  2,705
Pumpkin, lb. _..   1,285
Rhubarb, lb.   3,630
Spinach, lb.       180
Swiss chard, lb.  1,702
Turnips, R.B., lb.      770
Tomatoes, outside, lb.  1,988
Tomatoes, green, lb.     499
Tomatoes, greenhouse, lb.   1,199
Chickens, lb. —
Ducks, lb.	
Pheasants, lb.
Pigeons, lb.	
Turkeys, lb. _...
Rabbits, lb.	
Honey, lb.	
Hams, lb,
Farm Produce.
.. 1,178 Eggs, doz  2,280
- 995 Milk, lb 118,729
4 Pork, lb 11,665
33 Veal, lb     739
- 649 Mangels, lb 28,000
...     881 Hay, clover, lb 14,000
68 Hay, oat, lb 30,000
Cured Meats.
... 1,847 Bacon, lb	
2,128 PRODUCTION TABLES.
V 59
1935.
April       	
Occupational Therapy, Year ended March 31st, 1936.
Wood-working Department.
Cost of Materials.
       $56.00
Value.
$250.00
May   	
-
56.45
251.00
June
38.45
187.20
July       .... ....
46.30
175.50
August 	
September
23.50
36.65
90.00
162.95
October        	
56.80
220.85
November
December .
1936.
January 	
February ...
March
52.00
71.50
82.50
29.50
69.25
202.80
207.75
278.75
221.10
233.10
1935.
April
Upholstering Department.
$618.90
$2,481.00
Cost of Materials.
._    $132.45
Value.
$258.70
May
112.50
112.35
120.85
__      129.30
226.60
June
221.15
July 	
August
245.55
259.75
__      122.50
_      161.60
256.05
304.15
November
139.10
153.00
136.60
287.70
306.00
1936.
285.65
February 	
March 	
1935.
..      162.05
175.15
296.50
332.15
Weaving and Basketry Department.
$1,657.45
$3,279.95
Value only.
$7.50
May
11.00
June 	
5.50
13.00
8.00
7.50
15.50
10.50
December
1936.
13.50
19.25
8.00
12.25
$131.50 V 60
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy, Essondale, for Year ended
March 31st, 1936.
New Garments made by Patients.
Aprons (kitchen)  :       75
Bloomers 	
Cooks' caps	
Covers, table	
Covers, bed-pan
Curtains, pairs
Cushions	
Dresses 	
Gowns, night	
Gowns, men's ..__.
Miscellaneous _.
Aprons
Bibs .....
Belts —
Aprons
Blankets 	
Sheets 	
Pillow-slips .
Towels 	
White coats .
Bed-spreads
Men's coats _
Men's vests _
Men's pants
Overalls	
Night-shirts
. 1,001
40
59
321
50
22
. 1,649
. 1,223
175
169
Pillow-slips
Slips 	
Sheets 	
Stupe wringers
Sweaters	
Towels, tea	
Towes, hand	
Towels, roller	
Table-cloths 	
Vests 	
Nurses' Uniforms.
...    624 Caps -
493
374
Cuffs, pairs
Dresses 	
Nurses' Repairs.
61 Dresses
Patients' Mending.
Socks, pairs.
Top shirts ....
Undershirts
... 401
.__ 1,934
.. 1,411
... 482
... 195
... 345
.. 1,223
- 130
... 1,538
- 1,653
...    260
Drawers _
Dresses' ...
Bloomers
Vests 	
Night-gowns ..
Slips	
Miscellaneous
. 2,169
.1,101
. 2,465
65
- 22
- 432
- 184
- 215
.      38
1,084
121
169
279
108
12,528
- 2,506
_ 3,116
__ 1,288
- 3,837
__ 1,232
__    951
- 1,829
- 1,268
._    653
Sale of handicraft articles made by patients in Occupational Therapy, $222.15. COLONY FARM. V 61
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., September 25th, 1936.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Herewith I beg to submit for your approval the annual statement of farm operations
for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1936.
Operations have followed fairly closely those of the preceding year, and as our herd
capacity has just about been reached, very little change in that direction can be anticipated.
Fortunately, better marketing conditions have tended to stabilize prices and a better demand
for stock has resulted, which assists to some extent in caring for our surplus. This was quite
marked in our sales of calves, especially in the latter months of the year.
Our dairy herd is in excellent condition and enviable records have and are being made.
Production during the year averaged 3 % tons of milk per day, and despite the serious loss of
our root-crops in the October freeze-up, this was delivered to the institution after all production
expenses, pasteurization, etc., at a cost of 19.01 cents per gallon.
The force of work-horses received during the year a thorough culling, when nine of the
older, worn-out animals were disposed of to make way for younger stock raised on the farm.
Our herd of approximately 800 pure-bred Yorkshire hogs has been maintained in good
health, and production has been both very satisfactory and profitable.
Field crops were fairly good and potatoes an exceptionally heavy crop, yielding 15.93 tons
per acre. In common with other producers, we unfortunately lost practically our entire root-
crop except potatoes in the severe October freeze-up.
The cannery had a busy season and $25,000 worth of fruit and vegetables, approximating
200 tons of food material, were canned. This work, starting in a small way, has now become
a very important part of our operations, and should prove even more profitable when our young
orchard comes into full bearing.
Field and general working equipment has been maintained in good repair, and necessary
repairs have been made as far as possible to buildings, roads, and fences.
It is a pleasure to report that I have received every help and assistance possible from the
staff and institution officials. The resignation at the end of the year, owing to ill-health, of
James Lobban, Assistant Superintendent, and a member of the staff for twenty-five years, is
a decided loss to our organization. Throughout his long period of service, wonderful co-operation, enthusiastic and constructive work, and happy relations marked his every day's effort
and his retirement is regretted by one and all.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore,
•    Farm Superintendent. BURSAR'S REPORT ON COLONY FARM.
Essondale, B.C., October 9th, 1936.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith balance-sheet, profit and loss statements, and various other
reports covering the operations of the several departments of the Colony Farm for the fiscal
year ended March 31st, 1936.
Operating profits of $11,657.80 are shown for the year, an increase of $7,792.54 over
the year ended March 31st, 1935. This was due largely to the exceedingly heavy potato-crop
and to the increased and profitable cannery pack.
Dairy produce, meat, fruit, and vegetables to a value of $144,424.08 was supplied the
three institutions. Of this amount, Essondale Hospital received produce to a value of
$125,048.90; Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster, $19,350.18; and Saanich
Mental Home, $25. In addition, the sum of $6,758.47 was remitted to the Treasury during
the year from the sale of produce and live stock.
Milk production for the year totalled 2,489,510 lb. at a cost of $47,337.50, bringing the
average cost of production, pasteurization, etc., to 19.01 cents per gallon. It is impossible to
visualize all the difficulties, troubles, and expense that would lie in our way in securing such
a quantity of fresh milk for the Essondale and New Westminster institutions were it not for
this immediate supply.
Other operations showing substantial profits were the Hog Department, with profits of
$17,402.48; Orchard and Truck-gardens, $4,286.71; and the Cannery, $6,763.95. This last
department has steadily increased its operations until it now supplies a great proportion of
our canned fruit and vegetable requirements.
A complete and interesting account of the working of each department of the farm can
be gained by perusal of the attached cost sheets and statements.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. COLONY FARM. V 63
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM.
April 1st, 1935, to March 31st, 1936.
Land Account—
Colony Farm  $117,484.86
Wilson Ranch    108,164.35
     $225,649.21
Buildings and plant       251,843.38
Water system  4,411.25
Bridge :  7,571.89
Fencing, pavement, etc.         68,818.67
Equipment         26,268.35
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory      $2,250.00
Cows, as per inventory       43,325.00'
Yearlings, as per inventory         7,426.33
Calves, as per inventory  497.27
Work-horses, as per inventory         6,125.00
Hogs, as per inventory       10,033.40
         69,657.00
Sundry inventories—
Feed   $10,640.35
Gasoline - .  6.20
Cannery  2,960.75
Pork products _  560.00
Orchard and truck-garden   11,730.75
         25,898.05
Accounts receivable   685.64
Growing Crops Apportionment Account _._ 6,464.63
Liabilities.
Surplus Account  $560,505.84
Less patient-labour       19,000.00'
Profit to March 31st, 1935  $134,104.43
Profit for year       11,657.80'
$687,268.07
$541,505.84
145,762.23
$687,268.07 V 64
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
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DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Expenses.
Total expenses for year     $48,987.50
Production.
Dairy-produce supplies      $59,338.92
Ice supplies  260.00
 59,598.92
Profit for year     $10,611.42
Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1936.
Dairy—
Salaries and upkeep      $2,887.70
Fuel         1,436.10
Test-cows—
Salaries and upkeep       $3,598.16
Feed          6,169.83
$4,323.80
9,767.99
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep  $13,626.89
Feed   20,268.82
Pasture  1,000.00
Less allowance for manure .
Less allowance for ice	
34,895.71
$1,390.00
260.00
$48,987.50
1.650.00
$47,337.50
Milk Production for Year 1935-36.
Production.
1935. Lb. Cost.
April  1  211.837              	
May  226,396              	
June  215,257              	
July   223.052              	
August  222.170              	
September   204,645              	
October -•-  206,651              	
November  ._  187,354              	
December  .  196,050             	
1936.
January   199,734              	
February   191,174              	
March   205,190             	
2,489,510 $47,337.50
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 19.01 cents per gallon. V 66
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Asset
Value.
..            $450.00
Selling-
price.
945.00
11 cows sold             .        ....               -
           1,945.00
$1,633.20
35 cows butchered (28,133 lb. beef)     ..
     5,692.50
2,672.62
Loss on inventory       .       ...       	
               54.58
$9,087.08
4,305.82
$4,305.82
Loss         —     	
  $4,781.26
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
calves died 	
calves destroyed
21 calves sold 	
49 calves vealed (4,087 lb. veal)
Hides sold 	
Asset
Value.
$54.15
18.97
555.64
387.07
$1,015.83
Profit
Selling-
price.
$1,400.00
501.59
39.84
$1,941.43
1,015.83
$925.60
YEARLING DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
16 yearlings sold	
4 yearlings butchered (2,223 lb. beef)
Manure credit -	
Loss
Asset
Value.
$1,760.24
370.68
Selling-
price.
$1,081.00
211.23
310.00
$2,130.92
1,602.23
$1,602.23
$528.69
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
1 animal sold	
Gain on inventory
Asset
Value.
$250.00
$250.00
Selling-
price.
$45.77
531.28
$577.05
250.00
Profit	
$327.0.. COLONY FARM. V 67
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sale and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1936.
Asset Selling-
Value, price.
5 horses destroyed      $275.60 	
4 horses sold       200.00 $60.00
Gain on inventory       490.00
$475.00 $550.00
. 475.00
Profit       $75.00
Work-horse Labour Account, March 31st, 1936.
Salaries and upkeep      $9,405.76
Feed and pasturage      4,310.52
$13,716.28
Less credit for manure         190.00
$13,526.28
Horse-labour charged to crop and other departments at 35 cents per hour     15,304.97
Profit     $1,778.69
Note.—Against cost of $13,526.28, 43,728% hours of horse-labour were performed at a
cost of 30.93 cents per horse-hour.
Horse-labour performed, March 31st, 1936.
1935. Hours. Cost.
April   4,034 	
May   4,089 	
June  3,576 	
July   4,049 	
August   3,728 	
September   3,585 	
October   3,796 	
November   3,406 	
December  3,259 	
1936.
January   3,290 	
February   3,005% 	
March   3,911 	
43,728V3 $13,716.28
Less credit for manure   190.00
$13,526.28
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Receipts.
By sales—
Live hogs      $1,679.99
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to Essondale Hospital      26,521.26
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to New Westminster Hospital        3,402.22
Carried forward     $31,603.47 V 68 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
HOG DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Receipts—Continued.
Brought forward     $31,603.47
Inventory;, March 31st, 1936—
Feed       $560.00
Hogs   10,033.40
      10,593.40
$42,196.87
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep  $5,894.96
Feed     9,933.33
Horse-labour       120.00
Truck         506.00
Tractor   7.50
Inventory, March 31st, 1935—
Feed      $606.60
Hogs      7,721.00
$16,466.79
8,327.60
24,794.39
Profit  $17,402.48
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Supplies to Boys' Industrial School  $5.00
Supplies to Essondale Hospital   21,868.28
Supplies to New Westminster Hospital  3,326.96
Inventory, March 31st, 1936   2,960.75
$28,160.99
Expenses.
Repairs   $161.17
Salaries   1,196.03
Sugar and spices   3,573.83
Cans   4,385.73
Fruit   9,014.86
Fuel   500.00
Butter  18.06
Truck   222.00
Horse-labour  4.20
Power and water  1,000.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1935  1,321.16
       21,397.04
Profit      $6,763.95 COLONY FARM.
V 69
ORCHARD AND TRUCK-GARDEN.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Receipts.
Produce supplied to Essondale Hospital
Produce supplied to New Westminster Hospital
Fruit and vegetables supplied to cannery	
Inventory, March 31st, 1936	
Vouchers	
Horse-labour	
Fertilizer,, seeds, etc.	
Inventory, March 31st, 1935
Profit
Expenses.
$9,286.79
90.50
628.65
11,730.75
$2,563.45
1,618.22
824.10
12,444.15
$21,736.69
17,449.92
$4,286.77
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of crop, 1,604,450 lb	
$12,835.60
Plough and disk __ 	
Expenses.
         $598.90
Manure 	
            921.05
Fertilizer 	
           316.45
Seed and planting	
            484.25
Cultivate and hill            ...    	
818.45
Dig and haul  ...	
632.10
3,77i.20
Profit
$9,064.40
_-•
Field No. 2, 26 acres;  Field W.R. No. 2, 25 acres;  total, 51 acres.    Yield per acre, 15.93
tons;   cost per ton,, $4.70.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of oats, 73,900 lb  $905.27
Yield of straw, 115,000 lb.   402.50
Expenses.
Plough and disk ...
Fertilizer 	
Harrow 	
Seed and seeding ...
Cut and haul 	
Thresh 	
Bale straw	
$214.20
108.60
97.00
135.40
155.95
68.00
52.00
$1,307.77
831.15
Profit
$476.62
Field No. 5, 3 acres;   Field W.R. No. 1, 19 acres;  Field No. 8, 18 acres;  total, 40 acres.
Yield per acre, 1,848 lb. oats and 1.44 tons straw.    Cost per ton of oats, $17.80, and of straw, $3. V 70 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of hay, 305,000 lb       $1,906.25
Expenses.
Manure   $223.35
Seeding   68.20
Fertilizer   165.95
Mow, rake, and haul  644.05
Bale   84.00
         1,185.55
Profit  $720.70
Field No. 7, 3 acres; Field No. 8, 18 acres; Field W.R. No. 5, 8 acres; Field W.R. No. 6,
29 acres; Field W.R. No. 8, 7% acres; total, 65.5 acres. Yield per acre, 2.33 tons; cost per
ton, $7.77.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of ensilage, corn, oats, peas, and clover, 1,003 tons       $3,009.00
Expenses.
Plough and disk  $396.50
Manure   565.45
Fertilizer   386.10
Seed and seeding  274.10
Harrow and cultivate  112.00
Cut and haul  670.65
Fill silo  235.70
         2,640.50
Profit  $368.50
Field No. 7, 17.75 acres; Field No. 5, 46 acres; Field No. 8, 18 acres; Field W.R. No. 5,
8 acres; Field W.R. No. 8, 4 acres; total, 93.75 acres. Yield per acre, 10.70 tons; cost per
ton, $2.63.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of carrots, 232,000 lb.        $1,160.00
Expenses.
Plough and disk  $35.75
Manure   60.00
Fertilizer   11.25
Seed and drilling ._  17.40
Cultivate  51.65
Harvest and haul   141.40
Shrinkage and rot  563.00
  880.45
Profit  $279.55
Station Field, 2.5 acres; Field No. 2, 2 acres; total, 4.5 acres.    Yield per acre, 25.77 tons;
cost per ton, $7.59. COLONY FARM. V 71
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield, 394,000 lb       $1,182.00
Expenses.
Plough and disk  $206.55
Manure   653.05
Seed and drilling  102.00
Cultivate   161.25
Harvest and haul   105.35
Shrinkage and rot  767.40
1,995.60
Loss   $813.60
Field No. 1, 2.5 acres; Field No. 8, 19 acres; total, 21.5 acres. Yield per acre, 9.16 tons;
cost per ton, $12.39.
Note.—Ten acres of mangels, Field No. 8, lost by frost. Roots and carrots harvested
suffered heavily from shrinkage and rot due to frost.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Production.
Yield of onions, 33,000 lb. .'	
          $627.00
Yield of green onions, 214 bundles
              21.40
Expenses.
$648.40
Manure 	
           $57.50
Fertilizer   ....    	
              14.60
Plough and disk       .
              40.50
Seed and drilling	
              22.50
Cultivate
33.20
Harvest and haul   _     	
______    _             36.05
204.35
Profit.	
$444.05
Field No. 6, 1.75 acres.    Yield per acre, 9.43 tons;  cost per ton, $12.39.
TRACTOR.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
984 y2 hours' work         $984.50
Expenses.
Salaries  $541.92
Gasoline  355.53
  897.45
Profit  $87.05 V 72 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
TRUCK.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
1,353 hours' work      $1,353.00
Expenses.
Salaries         $610.08
Gasoline, oil, etc.  633.32
        1,243.40
Profit  $109.60
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1936.
Salaries and vouchers   $16,602.96
Horse-labour   694.92
Fuel  125.00
Sundry supplies to employees   90.64
Tractor use  38.00
Truck use  129.00
Proportion of headquarters expense _  $2,558.71
Loss on inventories of equipment  760.67
General repairs through Public Works Department  16,216.72
Exchange on cheques  1.55
$17,680.52
19,537.65
$37,2,18.17
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1936.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 1,549,490 lb  $43,365.72
Cream, 3,042 lb  608.90
Butter, 6,703 lb  1,876.84
Meats'—
Veal, $3,238 lb  $420.94
Beef, 31,205 lb  2,964.50
Pork roasts, 58,243 lb  15,727.61
Hams and bacon, 9,924 lb  2,977.20
Salt pork, 3,922 lb  980.50
Ribs, etc., 20,609 lb.   2,060.90
Lard, 8,146 lb  1,221.90
Sausage, 11,227 lb  2,806.75
Fancy meats, 2,488 lb  746.40
$45,851.46
29,906.70
Carried forward       $75,758.16 COLONY FARM. V 73
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, E-TC—Continued.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1936—Continued.
Brought forward
Fruits and vegetables—
Fresh     _.
.    —     _     ...        $21,195.09
Canned	
             21,868.28
43,063.37
Sundries—
Horse-labour	
    ___ _          $5,282.55
Gasoline ...     ...       .            	
            187.49
             _           .260.00
Ice . _ _    _ ..        	
Miscellaneous (straw, bran, etc.)     ....
            234.83
Truck-work   .      .   ....    ..
262.50
6,227.37
$125,048.90
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1936.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 329,860 lb       $9,236.08
Cream, 912.5 lb  182.50
Meats—
Pork roasts, 8,791 lb  $2,366.57
Hams and bacon, 1,863 lb  558.90
Salt pork, 1,907 lb  476.75
Fruits and vegetables'—
Fresh        $1,573.70
Canned         3,326.96
3,418.58
3,402.22
4,900.66
Sundries—
Horse-labour  $1,470.00'
Truck-work   71.50
Feed and miscellaneous   87.22
         1,628.72
$19,350.18
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1936.
Sundry amounts due from live stock, etc., sold         $685.64
Remittances to Treasury.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during the year 1935-36 in payment of live stock
and produce sales       $6,758.47 V 74
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1935-36.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Summary of Equipment Inventories, March 31st, 1936.
Equipment in dairy	
Equipment in cannery	
Horse and cattle barns and piggery
Farm implements
Pumping-stations and land-clearing
Butcher-shops  	
Carpenter-shop 	
Blacksmith-shop  	
Sundry equipment 	
$4,659.25
2,232.50
1,889.00
9,877.60
6,318.50
267.00
391.00
412.00
221.50
$26,268.35
Orchard and Small Fruits.
Apple-trees  ,  $1,702.00
  1,435.00
  570.00
  462.00
__._._  3,287.00
 ]  450.00
  240.00
  500.00
  2,250.00
Pear-trees	
Gooseberry-bushes
Cherry-trees 	
Prune and plum trees
Red-currant bushes ....
Strawberry-plants	
Rhubarb-clumps 	
Raspberry-canes 	
Bees and bee-supplies, etc.	
Vegetables, etc., in field and storage
$10,896.00
703.75
131.00
$11,730.75
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to tlie King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1936.
425-1036-2995  

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