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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1934

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 .
DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPOET
OF   THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOE 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31ST
1933
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1933.  To His Honour J. W. Fordham Johnson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1933.
S. L. HOWE,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.—MEDICAL. Page.
Officers and Staff, List of     7
Report—General Medical Superintendent     9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory  13
Report—X-ray Department   14
Report—Ultra-violet Lamp   14
Report—Visiting Dentist   14
Report—Social Service   15
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Tear  17
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  19
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths  20
4. Civil State of Patients admitted  20
5. Religious Denominations of Patients  20
6. Educational Status of Patients  21
7. Nationality of Patients  21
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted  22
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  24
10. Age of Patients on Admission  25
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  25
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission  25
13. Table of Heredity   26
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  26
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  26
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  27
17. Probation, Number allowed out on  27
18. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity  27
19. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge  28
20. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich   28
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich  33
PART II.—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar  34
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  36
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale :  37
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  38
A. Average Residence, Maintenance, and Per Capita Cost since Inception  39
'        I Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost 41, 42
B 1.    \
I  Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception 43, 44
C 1.    \
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  45
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster  46
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale  47
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich  49
Revenue, Table of, since Inception  51
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department  51
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department  53
Production Tables—
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane  54
Mending done by Female Patients for New Westminster  54
Work done by Patients at New Westminster  54 .
L 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Production Tables—Continued. Page.
Articles made by Female Patients, Essondale  54
Mending done by Female Patients, Essondale  55
Supplies produced at New Westminster  55
Supplies produced at Colquitz  55
Occupational Therapy—
Wood-working Department  56
Upholstering Department  56
Weaving and Basketry Department  57
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm Superintendent  58
Report—Financial, General—Bursar  61
Balance-sheet  62
Profit and Loss Account  63
Dairy and Herds Department—■
Profit and Loss Account  64
Production and Costs Account  64
Milk Production and Cost  64
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account  65
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account  66
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account  68
Bulls Department—Profit and Loss Account  68
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account  69
Horse-labour Account  69
Horse-labour performed  69
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account  70
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account  70
Truck-garden and Orchard—Profit and Loss Account  71
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account, etc  71
Tractor Account  73
Maintenance and Administration, General  73
Miscellaneous Statements, Inventories, etc.—
Produce supplied to Essondale  74
Produce supplied to New Westminster  74
Accounts receivable  74
Orchard and Small Fruits  75
Equipment  75 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. S. L. Howe, Provincial Secretary. P. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., Medical Superintendent.
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
G. S. Macoowan, Bursar.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, ESSONDALE.
Medical:
A. M. Gee, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C.
U. P. Byrne, M.B., L.M.C.C.
G. A. Minorgan, M.D., L.M.C.C.
J. M. Jackson, M.D., L.M.C.C.
E. A. Campbell, M.D., L.M.C.C.
A. E. Davidson, B.A., M.D., L.M.C.C
G. Mathewson, Chief Attendant.
Miss A. Hicks, R.N., Matron.
Miss M. Marlatt, R.N., Instructress of Nurses.
Miss J. Kilburn, Social Service.
Mrs. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Cleric.
Business:
Thos. Weeks, Assistant Bursar.
J. Pumphrey, Steward.
M. H. McCabe, Book-keeper.
Miss A. Haslam, Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Diocese of New Westminster, Protestant.
Rev. Father T. M. Nichol, Roman Catholic.
Trades, Essondale:
J. L. Malcolm, Chief Engineer.
J. Renton, Outside Overseer.
W. G. Armour, Baker.
H. Lonsdale, Foreman of Worki
W. MoKenzie, Mason.
A. Cootee, Chief Cook.
W. Worrall, Laundryman.
P. J. Murphy, Electrician.
J. Symington, Plumber.
W. J. Willows, Barber.
E. Rushton, Auto Mechanic.
R. T. Hall, Occupational Therapy.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical:
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C, Medical
Supervisor.
C E. Benwell, M.B., L.M.C.C.
B. H. O. Harry, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron.
F. Spooner, Chief Attendant.
F. Gillard, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
Business:
Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
J. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
Chaplains:
Rev. J. L. Sloat, Protestant.
Rev. Father T. P. Murphy, Roman Catholic.
R. Gow, Carpenter.
J. Booth, Gardener.
E. J. McIntyre, Engineer.
H. Bailey, Farmer.
Trades, Neiv Westminster:
E. B. Jones, Laundryman.
J. McMillan, Shoemaker.
Wm. Powell, Painter.
W. W. Galloway, Tailor.
C M. Doyle, Plumber.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLONY FARM.
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Superintendent. J. Lobban, Assistant Superintendent.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLQUITZ.
Geo. Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
Granby Farrant, Supervisor.
P. McLeod, Chief Attendant.  REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1933.
PART I— MEDICAL.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., April 1st, 1933.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your consideration the Sixty-first Annual
Report of the Provincial Mental Hospitals at Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
The following table is a brief summary of the movements of the Hospital population during
the year April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933 :—
Movement of Population.
In residence, April 1st, 1932	
On probation, but remaining on registers..
On escape, but remaining on registers	
New admissions during current year	
Total under treatment	
Discharged in full during year	
Continuing on probation at end of year....
Died  during  year	
Total   discharged	
In residence, March 31st, 1933..
Male.
Female.
1,802
46
3
402
874
29
1
233
2,253
1,137
197
50
145
78
46
50
392
174
1,861
963
Total.
2,676
75
4
635
3,390
275
96
195
566
2,824 ,
(1.) Increase in number of admissions this year as compared to last     73
(2.) Net increase in population in residence at end of the year  148
(3.) Rate of deaths to total treated (per cent.)       5.74
(4.) Rate of discharges to admissions (exclusive of deaths)   (per cent.)..    58.42
ADMISSIONS.
An analysis of the birth column shows that, of the number admitted, 243 (or 38.26 per cent.)
were Canadian born, 227 (or 35.75 per cent.) were born in different parts of the British Empire,
and 165 (or 25.99 per cent.) were of foreign extraction. The percentage of those born in Canada
and other parts of the British Empire is a little lower than last year, while the percentage of
foreign born is a little greater.
DISCHARGES.
From continued experience and study we find that those cases which are admitted in the
early stages of their mental upset have far better opportunities for improvement and recovery
than those who do not come for treatment until a later date. The following short table is proof
of this:—
Table showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity, prior to Admission,
in those discharged from the three institutions during
the Year April 1st, 1932^ to March 31st, 1933.
Less than six months  116
Over six months     63
Duration not known     92
Not insane       4
Total  275
IOVINCIAL UBR.
VICTORIA, B.C. L 10 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
During the past fiscal year 275 were discharged. Of these, 44 were discharged as recovered,
178 as improved, 49 unimproved, and 4 not insane. Of the number discharged in full, 45 were
deported and 26 were repatriated through the kindness of their relatives or friends.
I would like to take this opportunity of tendering our grateful thanks to the Dominion
Immigration Department for their unfailing courtesy and co-operation in aiding in the deportation of those patients who have not gained Canadian domicile or who were prohibited immigrants at the time of their entry into this country. Their assistance is most valuable not only
in saving the Province thousands of dollars a year, but in allowing us more beds, which in our
overcrowded state is of the utmost importance.
TREATMENT.
Patients are admitted first to the Psychopathic Wards, where they remain for observation,
but on account of lack of space and our increasing number of admissions they do not stay here
as long as they should, but have to be transferred to make room for new arrivals.
The Laboratory does very intensive work and during the year has been under the direction
of Dr. U. P. Byrne. His work greatly facilitates the problems of the physicians in helping
them to a clearer picture of their cases under treatment by furnishing them with the clinical
and laboratory tests necessary for finer diagnoses. A more detailed statement of his work is
found attached to this report.
The X-ray Department, under Dr. A. M. Gee, has been of wonderful assistance. A large
number of very clear pictures have been obtained, which have greatly aided the clinical service
this year. He has also taken many pictures for the staff, and the health of patients and staff
has been greatly benefited.
The eye, ear, nose, and throat work has been ably carried on by Dr. B. H. Harry, and this
special line has been of great comfort to the patients. He has also examined many of the
neurological cases, which has certainly been to their betterment.
The electro-cardiographic work has been under the direction of Dr. G. A. Minorgan, and
later Dr. A. E. Davidson, and has been of inestimable benefit to the patients.
We were very sorry indeed to lose the valuable services of Dr. Minorgan. He has been
greatly missed by both the patients and staff of the Hospital. He left us to join the Pension
Board of the Department of Pensions and National Health at Shaughnessy Military Hospital,
and our wishes go out to him for his future success.
During the year the Occupational Department has functioned with great benefit in the
treatment of the patients. It serves to keep them active, and they enjoy the creation of new
articles, and it also helps them to use their own initiative, which is very valuable. In addition,
they assist in the work of repairing institutional clothing, etc., which is a great economic saving.
The Training School, under the direction of Miss Hicks, Superintendent of Nurses, has given
a three-year course of intensive instruction in mental nursing, and also a six-month postgraduate course to nurses who are graduates from the various general hospitals. The first
graduation exercises took place in June, 1932, and was very well attended by friends and relatives of those graduating. We were very fortunate in having Dr. H. Esson Young, Provincial
Health Officer, address them on the evening of graduation. We especially appreciated this
honour as Essondale is called after him, and he has always kept in very close touch with this
Department. His subject was most interesting to every one present. Dr. Young was ably
assisted by Mr. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary, under whose Department the institution
is conducted.
It is about twenty-five years ago since Clifford W. Beers, of New York, formed the National
Committee of Mental Hygiene, of which he is still an active member. Some years later
Dr. Clarke formed the Canadian National Committee of Mental Hygiene. After his death
Dr. Clarence Hincks, of Toronto, was chosen as their Director, and he has now been chosen as
Director of both the Canadian and American National Committees of Mental Hygiene, a very
signal honour indeed. The purpose of the committee was to advance the treatment of adult
fully bloomed psychoses in the mental hospitals on this continent. This branch of medicine was
not advanced, was taught but little in the universities, and the hospitals themselves had not
adequate training-schools. An astonishing fact when one considers that half the hospital-beds
on the continent are for those mentally afflicted in various ways. As a result of the efforts of
the committees, they advocated and obtained for the mental hospitals, buildings of more modern SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. L 11
nature, better equipped for treatment, both mental and physical, large occupational departments,
modern laboratories, etc., thus making every effort to shorten the time of treatment of the various
types of mental maladies.
The Canadian National Committee for Mental Hygiene should be endeared to the hearts of
all Canadian citizens for its quiet efficient endeavours in lessening the sorrow occasioned in the
homes from which the patients originate, and in helping to re-establish these cases sooner than
otherwise would be the case.
In Canada the cost of maintaining a hospital service to accommodate about 30,000 patients
is very considerable, and it is one of the chief aims of the committee to major on preventing
the development of psychosis, thereby decreasing the army of between 8,000 and 9,000 marching
into the mental institutions in this country each year. To this end the committee stresses the
importance of establishing child-guidance clinics—to study the personality of the problem child,
remedy the deviations from the normal, and endeavour to prevent the child from breaking into
the psychotic field, thus ultimately relieving the State of the responsibility of his care later
on in life.
The committee also advocates very strongly the need of psychopathic hospitals, where by
early treatment of mental cases many will gain adjustment to normal life and avoid ever having
to come to a mental hospital.
To British Columbia this committee sent a social-service worker trained in psychiatry for
a year at its own expense. The worker makes closer contacts with patients' relatives and
the hospital, aids in the discharge of patients, and she has done splendid work in helping to
establish the child-guidance clinic. She has aided the doctors of the Mental Hospital, who have,
too, worked hard to make the clinic a growing one, and the extent to which it has developed can
be seen from her attached report.
ACTIVITIES.
There has been steady progress in the work about the grounds during the year. The portion
of the west lawn which has been so long in an inactive state has been properly filled in and
graded, but owing to the depression it has not been seeded. The permanent grade between the
two buildings was established, seeded, and ornamental shrubs planted, all of which has greatly
improved the appearance of the grounds. The task of grading in front of the new building has
been very great, but it is gradually being completed. Considerable work has been done on the
home dyke from the bridge up; the low parts were raised and it was made reasonably safe for
the coming high water. This was part of a scheme to do repair-work yearly rather than waiting
to do a great deal at one time.
Work has continued in preparation for a new airing-court, and the tennis-courts have
received attention. General work of maintaining and repairing has been done around the
grounds and buildings as the weather permitted.
Under the superintendency of Mr. Moore, the farm has supplied the institution with milk,
vegetables, and pork products. The cannery has provided us with an almost continuous supply
of vegetables, fruits, jams, pickles, etc., which helps to lessen the per capita cost and materially
enhances the diet of the patients and staff.
A considerable number of patients have received occupation on the farm during the year,
but as the institution becomes more crowded many patients are domiciled there who are unsuitable for outdoor employment.
At our branch institution in New Westminster Dr. Sauriol has opened two new wings,
which were completely renovated and serve splendidly for the treatment of those of lower mentality. The usual work of maintenance and repair has been carefully carried out and the
grounds are looking very beautiful.
At Saanich Mr. Farrant, the Supervisor, has made excellent progress with the work and the
buildings and grounds are in very good condition.
FINANCES.
The Bursar, Mr. Macgowan, has made a detailed report of the finances of the Hospital,
which will be found attached. This department has worked very carefully during these trying
times, and credit is due them for the splendid way in which expenses have been cut down in
spite of the ever-increasing calls and growing patient population. L 12 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
Before closing I wish to tender my grateful thanks to all those who have aided in the work
of the Hospital during the past year. First, I would like to mention Mrs. Ellis, Convener of
the Red Cross Visiting Committee, who has been responsible for the many enjoyable concerts
held during the year for the entertainment of our patients, and she is always ready to assist
us in our work in every way.
Secondly, I desire to express our great appreciation of the constant help and co-operation of
the British Columbia Police and also the Dominion Police for their very courteous assistance at
all times.
I wish to make grateful acknowledgment for the loyal support and co-operation which I have
received at all times from the medical officers and staff of the Hospital. In this connection
I especially wish to bring to your notice the unfailing help and support I have had from Dr. E. J.
Ryan, the Assistant Medical Superintendent. In this connection I would also mention Dr. L. E.
Sauriol, Medical Supervisor of our New Westminster Branch, and Mr. Farrant, Supervisor of
the Mental Home at Saanich. All other departments are entitled to my most sincere thanks,
and to them and to all employed in the service credit is due for the faithful performance of
duties well done.
Lastly, to you, Sir, to the Deputy Minister, and to the Public Works Department, I wish to
accord my gratitude for your read^ understanding of our problems and for your invaluable
advice and assistance in their solution. Without your sympathetic consideration it would
indeed be difficult to carry on the work of the Hospital.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
A. L. CREASE,
Medical Superintendent. LABORATORY
REPORT.
L 13
LABORATORY
Pr
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental i
Sir,—Following is a report of the work perfi
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933 :—
Urinalysis routine 	
Quantitative albumen 	
Urinary urea 	
REPORT.
jvincial Mental
Essondale
-Iospital, Essonda
:>rmed in the Lab
Hospital,
B.C., March 31st, 1933.
e, B.C.
oratory at Essondale from
 1,050
      62
       15
       16
      .       48
Blood—
Kahn positive 	
Kahn negative 	
     540
Red-blood count 	
White-blood count 	
23
19
29
25
1
2
Differential   	
Coagulation 	
Urea   	
Creatinine   	
Calcium 	
8
4
Spinal fluid—
Kahn positive 	
Kahn negative  	
       20
21
41
11
Cell-count 	
Colloidal gold  •	
Cultures  	
Sputa for tuberculosis	
Smears for malaria	
20
4
196
4
Autopsies   	
       37
Sections 	
       59
Cultures   	
6
Agglutination—
Typhoid   	
Para A and B 	
3
3
Flexner 	
3
Exudates   	
1
Milk—Count   	
Smears—
Eye   	
10
4
6
       10
Cervical   	
Vincent's angina 	
Basal metabolism 	
22
5
6
      25
5
1
Examination of hair 	
I have,
etc.,
Ultan P.
Byrne,
Pathologist. X-RAY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1933.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the X-ray Department of the Hospital
from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933 :—
Head and sinuses   44
Pelvis and vertebrae  34
Chests    !  131
Extremities     137
Gastrointestinal   24
Total exposures  370
I have, etc.,
Arthur M. Gee,
Physician and Roentgenologist.
ULTRA-VIOLET LAMP.
From April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Total number of treatments for the year, 1,093;   total time required for treatments, 266
hours and 45 minutes.
Ultan P. Byrne.
DENTAL REPORT.
The following is the report of dental services rendered at the Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, during the year ended March 31st, 1933:—
Because of the limited time at my disposal in visiting the institution weekly, and the large
number of patients constantly needing attention, it was necessary to confine much of my attention to the relief of pain and the most necessary emergent work.
During the year it was necessary to remove 409 hopelessly diseased teeth from 217 patients.
A total of 480 patients were treated during the year, and the following services rendered to
them:—
Fillings inserted      20
Complete sets of teeth constructed       4
Dentures repaired and teeth added      40
Prophylactic treatments      14
Altering ill-fitting dentures      16
Crowns and bridges removed and recemented       9
Minor treatments and repairs of fillings      11
Local anaesthetic for relief of pain   217
Treating of Vincent's infection       5
Report for Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster.
Number of patients treated   226
Teeth extracted with local anaesthetic   156
Fillings inserted        7
Complete sets of teeth constructed        2
. Dentures repaired and teeth added       6
Prophylactic treatments      18
Minor treatments and repairs of fillings      12
Treating of Vincent's infection      2
Respectfully submitted.
Emery Jones, D.D.S. SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. L 15
SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT.
The work of this department has been characterized by a growing breadth of scope during
the past year. Economic conditions have had their effect, and more intensive case-work has been
necessary, for when either parent has had to be removed the usual financial crisis has had to
be met.
Of most vital importance is the reconstruction of these families along normal home lines,
as in making contacts with the remaining members of the family we are touching the larger
field of preventive psychiatry.
The co-operation of all social agencies with this department has been most loyal, and
through their support we have been able to obtain much valuable information and to make more
permanent arrangements for our patients' rehabilitation.
This year we again assisted with the training of the post-graduate nurse and with the
students of social science, University of British Columbia. Lectures were given to our training-
school for nurses. In connection with the educational work we have been asked to help in subcommittees of outside social agencies.
The number of referrals for case-histories has been 141, of which twenty-five are carried on
by this department for intensive case-work. There were 200 visits made on cases prior to being
allowed out on either probation or week-end visits. Special investigations amounted to 103
cases.
REPORT ON THE CHILD-GUIDANCE CLINIC.
The child-guidance clinic was opened on July 15th, 1932, iii Vancouver. We were greatly
assisted by Dr. H. Esson Young, Provincial Health Officer, and Mr. H. Whittaker, Provincial
Architect, in having these quarters remodelled to meet the needs of the clinic.
The whole idea of the clinic is that of prevention—to keep patients from being admitted to
the Mental Hospital by whatever means possible; e.g., change of environment, vocational
guidance, correction of poor habit formation, the incompetency of either parent to train their
offspring, etc. An earnest endeavour is also made to correct physical defects, thus giving the
patient every chance to establish himself in his own community before the final steps of
hospitalization are taken.
Each patient is given a complete physical, psychometric, psychiatric, and clinical examination. Records are kept, and it is customary to suggest that a child return at stated intervals
in order that progress may be noted and further treatment recommended. Conferences are
held with the social agency referring the case and with the parents or guardians. The after-
treatment of the case is carried on by the social agency interested in the patient in close
consultation with the Hospital staff.
The Social Science Course at the University of British Columbia has also used the clinic
for student-work, and through this contact two students have decided to make further study in
this branch—one at McGill University, and one at Smith College, Massachusetts.
To avoid any duplication of effort, close co-operation is maintained with the Bureau of
Measurements of the Vancouver School Board. In this way it is possible to make any school
adjustment which is necessary and also ensures home co-operation through the visits of the
school nurse.
For the first five months the clinic was opened only one half-day a week, but it then became
necessary to open for two half-days. The response from the social agencies has been very
gratifying and we work in close co-operation.
Two divisions of the Provincial Welfare Department are making use of the clinic—namely,
the Neglected Children's Department and the Mothers' Pension Department. We are particularly interested in the latter, as we are here able to assist in the parent-training field.
The total attendance at the clinic during the period from July 15th to March 31st, exclusive
of four weeks, totalled 129 new cases and 24 return visits, and 25 home visits made by the staff
other than patients followed by another social agency.
There have been a great variety of problems presented in the short time, a few of which
may be mentioned: Lack of early training in the home, due to inability of the parents to guide
their offspring, either due to their mentality, instability, or immorality; difficulty of home and
school in understanding the behaviour reactions ; hypersensitiveness; depression; autoerotism;
temper tantrums; fears and timidity;  personality changes following illnesses ;  care of epileptics L 16 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
in the home and other minor problems which are only an indication of instability in the character
formations.
The new cases were classified as follows:— per cent..
Imbecile      3.8
Moron   27.1
Border-line cases  13.9
Dull normal   13.2
Average  16.3
Bright  16.3
Undiagnosed      9.3
The agencies using the clinic and number of patients referred by each were as follows:—
Vancouver Children's Aid Society   27
Catholic Children's Aid Society   22
Family Welfare Bureau   15
Family contacts of Provincial Mental Hospital ,  12
Alexandra Orphanage      9
Mothers' Pension Department  27
Voluntary (not sent by any agency)      7
Director of Social Agencies      3
School nurses     4
Private physicians      2
Y.W.C.A     1
Josephine F. Kilburn,
Social-service Worker. STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 17
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1,346
196
260
46
3
690
184
28
1
1
2,036
380
260
74
1
4
1,851
402
904
233
On probation, carried forward from 1931-32, Essondale
On probation, carried forward from 1931-32, New West-
On probation, carried forward from 1931-32, Saanich	
Escaped, carried forward from 1931-32, Essondale	
Escaped, carried forward from 1931-32, New Westmin-
2,755
Admitted during the year 1932-33—
360
15
14
7
0
228
2
2
1
588
17
16
8
6
635
Total  under  treatment,  Essondale,   New  Westminster,
and Saanich, April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933
Discharged   during   period   April   1st,   1932,   to   March
31st, 1933—
(a.)   From Essondale—
21
136
33
3
46
1
132
22
40
13
1
44
41
43
170
46
4
90
1
173
2,253
392
1,137
174
3,390
Died	
372
161
533
(&.)   From New Westminster—
1
.2
3
6
2
2
9
1
2
2
5
15
Died   	
12
13
25
(c.)   From  Saanich—
1
7
1
7
Died	
8
8
Total   discharged   from   Essondale,   New   Westminster,
566
Total  in  residence,  Essondale,   New  Westminster,  and
1,861
963
2,824 ' L 18
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 1.—Showing the'Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster, and
Saanich, from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
Total on books, March 31st,  1932    	
1,395
402
4
2
719
233
4
2,114
635
8
2
1,803
428
956
180
2,759
Discharged during 1932-33	
372
45
11
161
19
533
64
11
608
190
45
185
19
381
64
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1933	
New Westminster—
Total on books, March 31st, 1932	
1,375
776
2,151
241
16
204
17
445
Discharged during 1932-33	
12
4
13
4
25
8
33
260
11
260
11
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1933
Saanich—
Total on books, March 31st, 1932	
Received from Essondale	
225
271
10
187
412
271
Discharged during 1932-33	
8
2
8
2
10
1,375
223
261
776
187
2,151
412
261
261
•	
261
1,861
963
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1933
Grand total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, March 31st, 1933	
2 824
Daily  average  population	
Percentage of discharges on admissions  (not including deaths).
Percentage of recoveries on admissions	
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment	
.2,751.72
58.42
6.92
5.75 STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 19
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the Hospital since
its Inception.
o
■3
Discharges.
a;
Q
h
« S .
r-   4)«H
pa
<H (0 OJ
a;
to
«
u
0
Q
3
s »
°B ■
& m 2
z>s,
v 0 a
U  0 H
Percentage of Discharges to Admissions (Deaths
excluded).
0
Year.
u
a)
>
o
M
ft)
a)
o ^
•"A 3
Sfo - a
u rt 3 o>
0 aj 3 u
1872	
18
15
12
29
22
14
16
18
17
13
7
8
10
20
27
36
26
41
52
49
52
44
80
62
64
74
81
101
113
115
121
139
115
123
150
221
230
232
280
332
375
380
402
332
353
371
375
574
489
478
438
447
461
475
494
542
543
602
632
562
635
1
10
4
3
11
4
7
4
5
5
3
4
2
5
10
15
12
14
17
19
17
14
13
29
23
20
27
31
38
40
30
38
46
43
36*
48
68*
73f
84
67f
74*
90§
58
83
73f
88
75
116
88
96
91
84f
63
5711
76§
75*
92f
118*
70*
5811
44§
2
3
3
4
3
1
"3
1
1
4
6
5
6
5
6
4
10
18
19
11
25
8
13
32
27
20
31
37
26
33
43
43
56
77
82
114
128
146
126
91
96
78
95
221
173
178
167
121
242
240
171
252
294
311
235
299
323
1
5
3
10
5
3
8
8
5
5
2
3
2
5
6
3
4
12
20
13
14
19
20
9
14
19
21
29
25
25
26
26
27
28
39
57
40
41
60
76
67
74
89
80
106
132
132
122
114
133
163
138
142
161
147
181
223
191
181
195
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61
66
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,000
1,205
1,301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
1,995
2,125
2,269
2,347
2,411
2,550
2,676
2,824
5
13
3
3
5
7
1
2
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46,
111
108
83
48
87
100
111
130
144
78
04
139
126
148
2
2
0
28
	
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
2,434
2,565
2,743
2.914
3.003
3,148
3.214
3,390
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.03
34.78
24.79
27.34
40.00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22.63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
12.00
15.38
13.28
16.76
19.10
10.60
10.32
6.92
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
01.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
09.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.30
64.20
66.16
62.53
50.00
60.33
71.07
71.26
64.24
63.52
58.42
5.55
1873	
16.12
1874	
1875	
11.53
20.83
1876	
1877	
1878	
9.35
6.12
16.16
1879	
1880	
14.81
8.62
1881	
1882	
8.19
3.63
1883	
5.26
1884	
3.33
1885	
6.94
1886	
6.81
1887	
4.80
188S	
2.87
1889	
1890     	
3.25
7.64
1891	
1892  	
11.69
6.95
1893	
7.60
1894	
1895	
8.92
8.92
1896	
1897
3.94
5.69
1898	
6.66
1899  	
6.42
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903  	
8.14
6.63
6.00
5.57
1904       	
5.42
1905	
5.34
1906        	
5.04
1907	
5.08
1908	
7.44
1909	
6.40
1910.       	
4.57
1911      	
5.83
1912	
7.02
1913	
5 30
1914	
5.43
1915	
1916	
0.19
5 24
1917..-	
1918	
6.42
7 47
Jan. 1, 1919, to March
31, 1920 	
6 51
1920-1921	
1921-1922	
1922-1923-	
1923-1924	
5.97
5.33
6.10
1924-1925	
1925-1926	
1926-1927	
1927-1928	
5.93
5.83
6.27
5.36
1928-1929	
1929 1930	
7.28
6.06
5.63
5.75
1930-1931	
1931-1932	
1932-1933	
* Three not insane. f One not insane.
I Six not insane. % Five not insane.
: Two not insane.
i Four not insane. L 20
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 3.—Showing the Total Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Months.
Admissions.
Male.      Female.     Total
1932.
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
1933.
January	
February	
March	
Totals
31
35
35
39
33
30
28
27
22
38
46
38
^T02~
20
19
19
25
23
17
16
25
24
10
16
19
~233~
Discharges.
Male.      Female.     Total
51
54
54
64
56
47
44
52
46
48
62
57
"63!T
11
17
8
12
12
26
17
22
16
17
24
15
~197~
7
9
7
. 4
4
1
5
10
7
6
7
11
"78"
Deaths.
Male.     Female.     Total,
18
26
15
16
16
27
22
32
23
23
31
26
~275"
15
14
13
16
12
1
6
10
14
22
17
145
50
2
7
3
18
2
16
6
19
4
20
6
18
7
8
5
11
4
14
4
18
3
25
4
21
195
Table No. 4.—Showing the Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
147
233
2
20
123
81
2
27
270
Single 	
314
4
47
Totals	
402
233
630
Table No.
-Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1932
to March 31st, 1933.
Religious Denominations.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
11
2
11
2
6
39
3
1
4
2
244
73
2
1
1
1
1
1
8
1
177
1
42
1
12
3
11
o
7
1
47
3
1
2
Protestant	
421
1
115
2
Unitarian          	
1
Totals	
402
233
635 STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 21
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from. April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
8
41
272
53
28
6
38
148
25
16
14
79
420
78
44
Totals	
402
233
635
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
3
1
1
1
15
5
3
81
9
1
1
3
2
1
2
4
20
5
7
3
1
2
9
7
1
6
22
12
4
26
2
1
15
51
6
6
10
33
5
12
1
1
1
1
61
1
2
1
6
1
5
2
1
3
20
4
17
2
10
49
S
3
8
19
6
1
2
4
2
1
1
15
5
4
142
10
3
1
4
2
Holland	
1
2
4
26
Isle of Man	
1
Italy	
10
9
1
3
1
2
12
7
1
6
42
16
4
43
2
Wales      	
3
Canada—
25
100
14
9
18
52
5
18
2
402
233
635 L 22
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Place of Residence.
Male.     Female.    Total
Place of Residence.
Male.     Female.    Total
Agassiz ;	
Albreda	
Aldergrove	
Alert Bay	
Anyox	
Argenta	
Ashcroft	
Atchelitz	
Beaver Lake	
Beavermouth	
B.C.  Penitentiary	
Birch Island	
Black Pool	
Blue River :	
Boston Bar	
Bralorne	
Burnaby	
Burns Lake	
Burquitlam	
Burton	
Cadboro Bay	
Campbell River	
Cassidy	
Castlegar	
Cedar Valley	
Chase	
Chemainus	
Chilliwack	
Chu Chua	
Clearwater :	
Clinton	
Clo-oose	
Cloverdale -■ -
Colley mount	
Copper Creek..	
Courtenay	
Cowichan	
Cranbrook	
Crawford Bay	
Crescent  Beach.	
Creston	
Cumberland	
Dawson	
Dawson Creek	
Deroche	
Digby Island	
Douglas Lake	
Duncan	
Eburne	
Elk Valley	
Errington	
Esquimau	
Farrell Creek	
Fernie	
Forestdale	
Fort Langley	
Fort St. John	
40-Mile	
Fraser Mills	
Gibsons Landing	
Golden	
Grand Forks	
Carried forward
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
10
1
90
23
113
Brought forward
Granite Bay...	
Granthams Landing	
Hatzic	
Headquarters	
Heffley	
Hope	
Hosmer	
Kamloops	
Kelowna	
Keremeos	
Kimberley	
Koksilah	
Ladner	
Ladysmith	
Laidlaw	
Lavington	
Lillooet	
Lumby	
Magna  Bay	
Maillardville	
Malakwa	
Marpole	
Marron Valley	
Matsqui	
Mayo	
Minto	
Mission	
Mitchell Bay	
Moyie	
Murray ville	
McBride	
Nanaimo	
Naramata	
Natal	
Nelson	
New Westminster	
North Bend	
Oakalla Prison Farm	
Ocean Falls	
Ochiltree	
Otter Point.	
Oyster River	
Pender Harbour	
Penticton	
Pincher Reserve	
Pioneer Mine	
Pitt Meadows	
Porcher Island	
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Hammond	
Port Haney	
Port Kells	
Port Simpson	
Pouce Coupe	
Powell River	
Prince Rupert	
Princeton	
Quesnel	
Raush Valley	
Redondo Island	
Carried forward.
90
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
4
19
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
10
1
1
1
1
23
1
3
11
1
113
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
8
6
1
1
1
4
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
3
1
7
1
1
7
30
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
3
1
1
1
4
20
1
1
1
1
74
268 STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 23
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Place of Residence.
Male.    Female.    Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.    Female.    Total
Brought forward
Revelstoke	
Rock Bay	
Rocky Point	
Rossland	
Roundtop	
Saanich...	
Salmon Arm	
Sardis- 	
Sechelt	
Shames	
Sicamous	
Sidmouth	
Shuswap -	
South Westminster	
Spallumcheen	
Spences Bridge	
Squamish	
Stewart	
Sumas	
Carried forward..
194
74
2
1
268
7
1
1
2
225
88
313
Brought forward
Sunrise Valley.-	
Surrey	
Taghum	
Takla Landing-	
Terrace	
Thrums	
Ucluelet-	
Vancouver	
Vancouver,  North- -	
Vancouver,  West-	
Vallican	
Vernon	
Victoria	
Whitehorse-	
White Rock	
Wilmer	
Wynndel	
Tale	
Totals	
225
139
6
1
1
1
19
1
1
113
402     |     233
I,
313
1
2
1
1
2
2
2
252
11
2
1
1
38
1
2
1
1
1
635 L 24
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from
to March 31st, 1933.
April 1st, 1932,
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
5
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
12
1
1
1
6
1
6
1
1
3
45
1
7
1
5
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
124
11
2
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
8
139
1
1
5
1
2
1
1
1
1
2
12
1
1
1
1
1
7
1
6
1
1
1
3
2
46
1
1
7
1
5
1
2
1
8
139
1
1
1
1
1
1
124
1
11
2
4
1
1
Brought forward
257
1
1
5
2
9
1
44
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5
2
1
7
5
7
8
1
1
1
1
7
1
5
8
1
2
3
1
2
1
3
1
1
1
1
15S
48
1
1
4
14
3
1
1
2
415
1
Miller	
1
Mill-hand	
5
2
9
1
92
1
Painter	
1
1
1
1
Policeman	
Pool-room attendant	
1
Clerk               	
1
1
Cook	
1
Printer	
1
1
5
2
1
Retired	
7
5
8
School-teacher	
7
1
15
1
Steam engineer	
Stenographer	
1
3
7
1
6
Student
9
1
2
3
1
Labourer	
Telegrapher	
2
1
Logger	
Trapper	
3
1
1
Waiter	
3
1
Totals	
257
158
415
402
233
635 STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 25
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Ui
10
19
26
43
39
42
43
42
31
30
12
30
10
10
9
13
17
17
21
19
25
25
25
20
17
9
10
8
4
3
29
20     „    	
36
25      „    	
43
30      „     	
64
35     „     :           	
58
40     „    	
67
45     „    	
68
50      „     	
67
51
60     „    	
47
65     „    	
21
70      „	
40
18
80     „     	
14
Ov
er    80      „    	
12
Totals 	
402
233
635
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First    	
263
47
14
8
1
1
68
149
45
9
5
5
1
19
412
92
Third       	
23
13
6
Totals   	
402
233
635
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
76
78
49
23
25
11
7
11
6
14
1
101
35
41
34
14
23
11
17
7
5
13
1
32
Ill
119
83
„      6      „                 	
37
„     12       „              _	
48
22
„       5      ,,               	
24
„     10       „         	
18
„     15       „           	
11
27
<>
133
Totals    	
402
233
035 L 26
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Heredity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Paternal and maternal branches
Paternal branch	
Maternal branch	
Heredity	
Heredity, inferred	
Heredity, unknown	
Not insane	
Totals	
13
22
39
16
303
1
402
3
10
15
58
18
128
1
233
11
23
37
97
34
431
635
Table No. 14.-—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Alleged Cause.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Alcohol	
Arteriosclerosis	
Blindness	
Cardiac	
Chronic endocarditis	
Congenital	
Constitutional	
Encephalitis lethargica	
Epilepsy	
Exophthalmic goitre	
Heredity -	
Heredity, inferred	
Heredity, maternal	
Heredity, paternal	
Heredity,  maternal and paternal
Lues	
Morphinism -
Not insane	
Ostitis	
Pyelitis	
Senile dementia	
Tic douloureux	
Trauma	
Tuberculosis	
War-strain	
Worry	
Totals	
18
19
1
3
155
1
12
1
39
16
22
13
8
38
1
1
43
402
233
18
5
24
2
3
3
1
1
4
01
216
1
2
8
20
1
58
97
18
34
15
37
10
23
3
11
4
42
2
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
21
04
1
1
2
1
3
22
635
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
119
245
38
68
143
22
187
388
60
402
233
635 STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 27
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Form of Disorder.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Acute mania	
Alcoholic psychosis	
Arteriosclerosis	
Chorea	
Dementia praecox	
Epilepsy	
General paresis	
Imbecility and idiocy	
Involutional melancholia
Manic depressive	
Moron	
Not insane	
Paranoia	
Parkinson's syndrome	
Psychoneurosis	
Psychopathic inferiority.
Senile dementia	
Somatic disease	
Toxic psychosis	
Traumatic psychosis	
Totals	
20
5
2
136
59
20
12
37
2
27
23
10
7
65
71
2
3
1
1
6
6
1
2
3
4
5
43
22
4
8
19
3
1
402
233
4
1
25
2
195
32
39
50
17
136
5
2
12
1
5
9
65
12
22
1
635
Table No. 17.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Discharged recovered	
Discharged improved	
Discharged unimproved	
Not insane	
Returned to Hospital	
Still out at close of the year
Totals	
22
138
34
3
15
50
262
22
40
15
1
19
46
143
44
178
49
4
34
96
405
Table No. 18.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
33
10
43
30
10
46
12
4
16
8
3
11
11
5
16
11
7
18
5
3
8
10
11
21
3
1
4
74
18
92
197
78
275
Less than  1
1
2
3
6
12
2
3
3 years and over
Not insane	
Unknown	
Totals...
week	
month...
months..
years- L 2S
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 19.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
3
s
a!
"3
2
B
a;
a
o5
s
Un
der 1 month	
,       2 months	
3       „       	
8
3
4
1
3
2
1
3
4
7
1
2
2
1
1
1
12
9
13
44
18
12
15
7
3
2
3
8
3
4
10
4
8
1
2
1
3
4
7
3
2
6
2
3
3
5
2
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
6       „       	
9       „       	
,     12      „      	
3       „       	
4      „       	
5       „       	
5 J
Totals	
22
22
138
40
34
15
3     1       1
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
Initials.
TlMI
in Hospital.
Certified Cause.
No.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12375
C. T.
M.
53
7
Bronchopneumonia ; exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
3063
J. A.
M.
60
20
6
6
Lobar pneumonia.
3272
C.  S.
F.
64
19
11
18
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12264
L.  L.
M.
50
5
7
Bronchopneumonia ; asthma.
12515
C. M.
M.
69
6
Paralysis agitans ; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
11373
J. McG.
M.
64
1
11
13
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12529
W. H.
M.
86
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2603
M. M.
M.
46
22
1
21
Exhaustion of dementia precox.
12536
W. U. MacD.
M.
74
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11665
W.  S.
M.
86
1
6
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12407
J. c.
M.
60
2
26
Exhaustion  of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
11553
S. H.
M.
66
1
8
10
1287
A.  S.
M.
64
29
8
10
Diabetes mellitus.
10139
J. J.  I.
M.
54
4
1
16
Bronchopneumonia ; exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12500
J. E.
F.
46
1
9
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
11734
A. J. H.
M.
27
1
5
1
Epilepsy.
5508
M. W.  S.
M.
23
14
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9975
J. M.
F.
56
4
4
29
Coronary sclerosis ; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
6217
T. N.
M.
82
12
4
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11325
G.  C.  J.
M.
56
2
2
4
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12524
T.  C.
M.
84
1
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12544
S. W.
M.
30
24
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
913S
R. G.  S.
M.
60
6
1
13
Chronic  myocarditis;  arteriosclerosis.
12348
J. U.
M.
40
4
28
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
11431
J. E.  S.
M.
61
1
11
20
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia. STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 29
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
Sex.
TlMl
in Hospital.
Certified Cause.
No.
Initials.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12299
E. F.
M.
60
6
Chronic   myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
9312
E. B.
F.
OS
5
9
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7689
A.  C.
M.
62
9
3
21
Endarteritis obliterans; gangrene of
the foot.
10945
J.  B.
M.
43
o
9
10
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
12543
T.  G.
F.
51
1
10
Bronchopneumonia ; exhaustion of general paresis.
7370
J. H.  K.
M.
45
10
12
Perforated peptic ulcer.
4218
S.  F.
M.
56
17
9
4
Peptic ulcer with partial obstruction.
12611
W.  F.  B.
M.
70
13
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12502
C.  A.
M.
71
2
14
Cerebral hemorrhage.
1657
A.   S.
M.
70
26
11
3
Chronic  myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
9243
T.  B.
M.
78
5
11
19
Chronic   myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
12637
J.  P.  T.
M.
60
10
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
11125
E.  N.  J.
F.
49
2
6
8
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12561
T. F.
M.
24
1
23
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
8492
J.  C.
M.
17
7
6
12
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
11813
F. E.
M.
48
1
5
19
Exhaustion of general paresis.
2968
S.  G.
M.
86
21
25
Bronchopneumonia ; exhaustion of senile dementia.
9297
W. H.  D.
M.
66
5
11
4
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12435
J. M.
M.
73
4
21
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
12593
J.  K.
M.
28
1
22
Status epilepticus.
12596
G. A.  C.
F.
50
1
24
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12631
F.   S.  L.
F.
89
1
7
Bronchopneumonia ; arteriosclerosis.
12590
F. L.
M.
30
1
28
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
11686
J.  B.  J.
M.
42
1
8
2
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12696
J.  S. P.
M.
42
7
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
12683
E.  K.  G.
M.
29
10
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
10077
W. J.  S.
M.
59
4
5
16
Exhaustion   of   cerebrospinal   syphilis.
12324
F.  S.
M.
57
7
11
Exhaustion  of arteriosclerotic dementia.
Arteriosclerosis ;  exhaustion  of  senile
10299
M.  T.
F.
87
4
18
dementia.
12510
W.   S.  M.
M.
35
3
12
Hemorrhage by razor-blade cuts; suicide.
3714
G. A. M.
M.
62
19
1
26
Fatty degeneration of the heart.
10171
J.  K.  L.
M.
20
4
3
17
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6605
F.  D.
M.
74
11
9
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12323
W.  St. L.
M.
41
7
23
Exhaustion of dementia pnecox.
12313
K.  D.
M.
77
8
7
Exhaustion  of  arteriosclerotic dementia.
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11455
F. H. H.
M.
75
2
1
22
12695
H.  K.
M.
55
1
2
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12723
C.  G.  A.
F.
42
13
Acute hsemorrhagic nephritis following bichloride-of-mercury poisoning
(self-administered prior to admission ).
12709
J.  S.
F.
32
5
Bronchopneumonia ; cerebral haemorrhage.
12642
G.  S.
M.
59
1
30
Exhaustion of dementia paralytica.
12733
E. J.  W.
M.
81
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12690
J.  W.
M.
70
1
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12747
R.  S.
M.
86
5
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2105
M. M.
F.
51
24
1
6
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis. L 30
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
Time
in Hospital.
Certified Cause.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12040
S. R.
M.
47
2
12
Exhaustion  of  general  paresis.
12067
J.  Q.
M.
60
1
1
28
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12715
W. H.
M.
50
1
2
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12745
A.   C.
F.
70
17
Lobar pneumonia.
11213
J.  E.
M.
75
2
0
28
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
12619
S.  N.
F.
75
2
29
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12752
K. H.
M.
45
13
Suicide by hanging.
8733
O. E.
M.
47
7
3
Intraperitoneal and intramesenteric
hemorrhage; hypostatic congestion
and oedema of lungs.
12768
C. W.  S.
M.
78
8
Paralysis agitans ; exhaustion of senile dementia.
12562
A. M.
F.
54
3
27
Suicide by hanging.
12708
H.  C.
M.
00
1
17
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12718
D.  G.
M.
53
1
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12783
J.   S.
M.
32
4
Exhaustion of acute mania.
12713
C. A. M.
M.
59
1
24
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12762
M.  J. D.
F.
45
1
6
Fibrinous pleurisy ; chronic myocarditis.
Bronchopneumonia ; cerebral apoplexy.
12331
B. M. Y.
F.
73
9
14
12494
M.  N.
F.
03
6
4
Chronic endocarditis; exhaustion of
arteriosclerotic dementia.
8661
M.  McL.
F.
70
7
5
24
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia..
7713
A. A.
F.
03
9
7
6
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
12825
K. W.  G.
F.
02
20
Myocarditis.
10782
W. P.
M.
04
3
5
15
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12466
A.   P.
M.
31
7
18
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12862
K.   L.
F.
47
9
Lobar pneumonia ; exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12830
D.  D. R.
F.
35
1
3
Chronic myocarditis.
10600
J. B. A.
M.
76
3
9
9
Generalized peritonitis; intestinal obstruction with perforation.
10751
J. W.
F.
41
3
5
18
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12706
H. E.  T.
M.
45
3
26
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
12546
S. A.
F.
26
6
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12823
A. F.
M.
40
1
21
Exhaustion of acute mania.
12892
J.  E. C.
M.
78
12
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12884
W. B.
M.
30
18
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
11672
A. W.
M.
28
2
1
1
Status epilepticus.
12434
W.  R.
M.
03
9
17
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
8933
J. F.
M.
43
7
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12575
IC.  R. D.
F.
55
6
24
Cerebral apoplexy.
12906
C.  L.
M.
56
13
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
5589
G.  S.  G.
F.
45
14
4
14
Abscess left hip ;   pyaemia.
11619
J.  B.  B.
M.
76
2
2
7
Exhaustion  of  arteriosclerotic  dementia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12809
D.  F.  H.
M.
43
2
20
7240
D.  M.
F.
47
10
9
18
Perforated pyloric ulcer wTith acute
peritonitis ;   chronic  myocarditis.
12845
A.  V.
F.
47
2
1
Chronic myocarditis ;   lues.
12857
A.  F.
M.
58
1
28
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5653
I.  S.
F.
70
14
2
23
Streptococci;   cellulitis of left arm.
12784
V.  W.
F.
71
3
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
4654
F. A.
M.
53
10
11
15
Diffuse nodular cirrhosis. STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 31
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Time in Hospital.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12901
J. W. G.
M.
62
28
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
12919
O. C.
M.
69
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2094
J. W.
M.,
69
22
5
Perforated gastric ulcer ; chronic myocarditis.
12925
W. T. W.
M.
66
27
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12936
G. E.  M.
M.
39
23
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12794
M. V.
M.
31
3
24
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12772
L. T. C.
M.
40
4
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12501
C.  S.
M.
69
9
10
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
8586
E. J.
M.
23
7
10
15
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12977
H.  M. J.
F.
55
9
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12900
II.  L.  P.
M.
34
1
21
Acute nephritis; exhaustion of acute
mania.
9617
s. s.
M.
23
5
0
14
Exhaustion of dementia precox.
12930
J. McW.
M.
58
1
9
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
9921
C. H.
M.
37
5
2
17
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12776
C. L. b.
F.
40
4
17
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12972
Y.  G. T.
M.
56
18
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12932
O.  P.
M.
48
1
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
10200
M. H.
M.
65
4
8
26
Coronary sclerosis ; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic  dementia.
12998
T.  K.
M.
16
12
Status  epilepticus.
311
V.  Z.
M.
84
44
2
21
Lobar pneumonia.
12022
I.  McD.
M.
81
9
Cancer of prostate.
12802
W.  L.
M.
80
4
11
Coronary sclerosis ; bronchopneumonia.
11666
J.  R.  T.
M.
75
2
3
2
Chronic   myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
12464
T.  H.
M.
68
10
24
Bronchopneumonia.
12916
A.  H.  G.
M.
70
2
5
Chronic   myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
12100
F. W.
M.
21
1
6
18
Exhaustion of Mongolian idiocy.
12380
M.  R.  C.
F.
52
1
2
25
Bichloride poisoning (suicidal) ; uremia  hypostatic pneumonia.
12800
F. W.
F.
57
4
10
Exhaustion of pre-senile dementia.
13032
B. h.
M.
7(1
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13034
F.  W.
M.
66
6
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
12949
E.  M. W.
M.
68
1
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13011
L. Y.
M.
45
17
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13026
M.  L.  C. B.
F.
48
12
Chronic myocarditis.
12951
R.  T.  K.
M.
38
1
18
Bronchopneumonia.
5049
N.  C.
M.
65
14
4
15
Bronchopneumonia.
13033
J.  F.  C.
M.
69
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12982
W.  A.
M.
46
1
4
Bronchopneumonia; exhaustion of dementia precox.
12712   .
C. K.
M.
69
6
24
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13023
A.  L.
M.
74
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
8674
H. A. M.
M.
55
7
9
22
Coronary sclerosis ;   exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13041
A. W.
F.
38
14
Exhaustion, of acute mania.
13040
J.  M.
M.
52
13
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
13051
R.  A.  S.
M.
49
9
Exhaustion  of general  paresis.
13054
S. M. N.
M.
68
10
Exhaustion  of  arteriosclerotic  dementia.
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12905
I.  H.
M.
50
3
11166
L.  McN.
M.
64
3
1
15
Chronic   myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis. L 32
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Time in Hosp
ITAL.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
13058
I. M.
F.
20
10
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
11311
H.  G.
F.
26
2
11
4
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
5601
T.  T.
M.
60
14
6
27
Exhaustion   of  Huntingdon's   chorea.
7688
A.  E.  M.
M.
61
10
25
Cerebral hemorrhage.
12746
A.  W. B.
M.
40
6
25
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13087
A. M.
M.
69
4
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13068
YV.  McK.
M.
43
13
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13084
E. A.  B.
M.
49
6
Exhaustion of acute mania.
13064
J.  H.  C.
M.
68
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13076
J. B.
M.
70
13
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11384
F. B. M.
M.
37
2
10
4
Chronic ulcerative phthisis.
13040
G.  M. W.
M.
41
1
9
Exhaustion of acute mania.
6175
W.  C.
M.
57
13
3
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
3135
G.  J. W.
F.
41
20
4
1
Epilepsy.
12312
H. C. F.
M.
9
4
1
Bronchopneumonia.
12149
A. T. McA.
F.
12
8
4
Exhaustion of general paresis (juvenile).
7960
A.  J.  I.
M.
39
8
7
4
Perforated duodenal ulcer.
12121
R.  L.  MeD.
M.
2%
9
16
Chronic enteritis ; Herschsprung's disease.
11542
E.  C.  P.
F.
16
1
10
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6102
M. II.
F.
39
12
10
7
Chronic  endocarditis ;   myocarditis.
11848
R.  M.
F.
32
1
5
15
Strangulation   (homicide).
12379
M. A. "S.
M.
5
7
1
Exhaustion of idiocy.
1988
M.  M.  W.
F.
44
25
1
9
Suppurative thyroditis.
12088
R. S. B. F.
F-
10
1
o
7
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
10642
A.  E.
F.
41
3
0
29
Bronchopneumonia.
491
E.  A.
F.
69
39
11
27
Carcinoma of the ovary ;   peritonitis.
10007
J.  H.
M.
35
4
9
8
Coronary embolism.
1034
B.  C.  B.
M.
67
32
5
Chronic myocarditis ; apoplexy ; arteriosclerosis.
9962
W.  M.
M.
57
5
9
1
Carcinoma of stomach.
10462
R.  D.  A.
M.
28
3
6
16
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
3762
J.  M.
M.
50
18   .
11
25
Accidental death ;   injuries in fight.
3802
H. T.
M.
61
18
11
7
Myocarditis ;  arteriosclerosis.
8732
M.  S.
M.
54
7
3
14
Phthisis pulmonis.
9033
A.  W.
M.
31
0
4
Bronchopneumonia.
. 7810
S. J.
M.
64
10
Carcinoma of stomach. STATISTICAL TABLES.
L 33
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations effected from April 1st, 1932,
to March 31st, 1933.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior to
Admission to Hospital.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Period in Hospital.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12311
12243
12338
12302
12318
12374
12310
12110
12415
12442
12317
12297
12432
12426
11517
12249
12180
12399
12617
12409
12476
12554
12606
12480
10439
12358
12587
12072
7381
12720
12304
12737
12252
12665
12295
12599
12574
12748
12813
12771
12779
12805
12975
12372
11380
W. M.
M. S.
V. B.
P. R.
E. N.
L. K.
A. K.
A. L.
M. M.
A. G.
E.  M.
D. A.
I. B.
E. A.
J. T.
O. E.
T.  H.
B. C.
M. K.
P. L.
S. B.
A. R.
R. P.
J. R.
P. S.
J. II.
T.  J.
S.   S.
s. s.
H. m.
J. McD.
T.  S.
B. B.  W.
C. A.
C. DeB.
G. H. D.
T. P.
W. R.
J. M.
W. H.
C. A. T.
L. Q.
J. L.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
Scotland	
Czecho-Slovakia
Finland.....	
Hungary	
Sweden	
Finland	
Germany	
Scotland	
Hungary	
Jugo-Slavia	
Scotland	
Switzerland	
England	
England	
Japan	
Poland	
British Guiana..
Germany	
Ireland	
United States....
Germany	
Czecho-Slovakia
Jugo-Slavia	
Germany	
England-	
Greece	
Czecho-Slovakia
Holland	
Finland	
England	
Poland	
Germany	
United States...
Switzerland	
United States....
England	
Belgium	
England	
Ireland	
England	
Ireland	
Hungary	
England	
United  States...
Scotland	
7
9
4
4
5
8
10
7
5
8
1
10
11
10
11
1
10
3
7
9
11
8
4
0
15
29
5
2
10
23
12
27
23
10
23
20
21
16
21
28
22
28
7
16
18
17
22
7
3
4
4
3
4
9
3
3
6
7
4
4
11
8
10
6
4
3
5
11
8
4
3
4
3
8
23
10
12
13
1
14
22
16
27
14
19
2
19
19
25
29
28
7
20
9
22
5
13
18
7
25
0
28
13
2
0
28
27
10
9
IS
19
26
8
o
12 L 34
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
PART II.—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., October 18th, 1933.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith balance-sheets, profit and loss accounts, and
various other statements covering the financial operations of the Provincial Mental Hospitals of
British Columbia for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1933.
You will note by Table D that the total operating expenditure for the three institutions was
$957,910.12, whereas last year it totalled $987,089.93, or a reduction of $29,179.81, in addition to
the cost of an increase of 148 patients in residence during the year. The largest portion of this
amount was saved at Essondale.    For itemized figures, below find a comparative statement:—
Gross Operating Expenditure.
Last Year.
This Year.
Decrease.
$178,146.40
706,772.16
102,171.37
$171,707.80
685,279.78
100,862.54
$6,378.60
Essondale	
21,492.38 -
1,308.83
Totals	
$987,089.93
" $957,910.12
$29,179.81
An analysis of the per capita cost of each of the three institutions will be found in Table B 1.
The strict economy which has been observed is reflected in the substantial reduction which is
shown in these figures. In Table D, which is a summary statement of the gross and net per
capita cost of the three institutions combined, you will note that last year the gross per capita
cost was $378.58, or $1.03 per day, while this year the gross per capita cost was $348.11, or 95
cents per day—a reduction of 8 cents per day gross on a daily average population for the three
institutions of 2,751.72, making a gross reduction in cost of $80,350.22. This is considered a
satisfactory saving in view of the fact that the cost of commodities has been fairly steady
during the year under review, while last year there was quite a drop in the price of food and
clothing. Our net per capita cost last year was $330.22, or a daily net cost of 90 cents, whereas
this year, with the added revenue from the " Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act," the net cost is $187.70, or a cost to the Government of 51 cents per patient
per day.
Considering each Hospital as a separate unit, you will note that in the case of the Public
Hospital for Insane (Table E) a reduction is shown under every heading of operating expense
accounts in comparison with last year. In the case of the Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, a reduction is shown in all headings, except small increases in " Furniture and fixtures "
and " Examinations, committals, and transportation of patients." The latter expenditure is one
over which we have no control whatever. A very substantial reduction was made at the
Essondale Hospital under the heading of " Medical and surgical supplies "—the expenditure
this year being $5,842.96, as compared with last year $8,330.22. The Mental Home, Saanich,
shows substantial reductions under a number of headings. The increases under " Maintenance
and repairs," " Furniture and fixtures," " Uniforms and clothing," and " Incidentals" are
accounted for by a larger population, due to the number of patients it has been found necessary
to send to this institution to relieve the congested condition at the Mental Hospital, Essondale.
We were successful in keeping the expenditure for the year well within the appropriation
asked for, though it slightly exceeded that actually granted.    The following statement shows salaries  estimated  and  the  expenditure  under  this  heading.    The difference  of  $6,518.59
accounted for by the percentage reductions which were effective September 1st, 1932.
Salaries.                                                                                            Estimated. Actual.
144a    $19,176.00 $20,672.19
144b    371,378.66 358,005.37
144c    102,217.16 109,912.76
144d      50,026.68 48,009.95
144e      54,934.28 54,613.92
$597,732.78 $591,214.19
591,214.19
$6,518.59
Revenue.—Due to the depression we suffered a considerable loss in revenue from the fact
that relatives of many patients were unable to continue paying for their maintenance. Particular attention was given to this department, and as a result I am pleased to report that our
revenue for the year amounted to $144,739.14, as compared with $126,069.67 from the preceding
year—an increase of $18,669.47, in spite of the losses referred to above. These figures are
exclusive of the revenue derived from the "Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities)
Act," which for this year amounted to $296,662.50, making a total revenue for the three institutions of $441,401.64.
I would respectfully draw your attention to the tables showing the production of the Tailor
and Shoemaker Shops and of the various Occupational Therapy Departments, which include
wood-working, upholstering, weaving, and basketry. Much valuable work has been done, both
for the Hospitals and for other Government departments. All nurses' and attendants' uniforms
were made and all bedding and clothing kept in repair by these departments.
" -In the matter of Public Works repairs and renewals, we spent through that Department
last year for the Mental Hospitals the sum of $84,574.54. This year it was reduced to $81,248.28,
or a reduction of $3,326.26, which is practically represented by the percentage reduction in
wages.
Inventory values at New Westminster and Essondale were reduced by some $7,595.73, but
Saanich Institution increased this year by $2,358.70.
The cost to the institution of proportion of the Colony Farm vote was $1,678.50 less this
year than that of last.
For analysed figures under the various headings of profit and loss accounts, please refer
to Table C 1.
In closing this report, I wish to express my grateful appreciation of the great assistance
given by all our various departments in their efforts in carrying out our economy programme,
which was instituted from April 1st, 1932, and has been strictly adhered to throughout the year.
Without the co-operation of all concerned, the wonderful reduction in both expenditure and our
gross per capita cost would not have been achieved, and it is my hope that in the year to come
a still better showing will be made.
I wish to thank you, Sir, and your medical staff for their co-operation and help at all times,
which have made my official duties a pleasure to perform.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan S. Macgowan,
Bursar. L 36
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1933.
Assets.
Land      $80
Cemetery ,	
Buildings          866
Plant and equipment        21.
Furniture and fixtures         17,
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions  $1,726.43
Fuel        135.00
Furniture and fixtures      2,283.48
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies     $319.25
Tools, P.W.D  1,117.05
Stores, P.W.D  1,808.41
    3,244.71
000.00
610.89
648.21
200.82
900.00
Clothing     3,644.83
11,1
,034.45
Deficit (cost of operations, 1932-33)       155,935.67
Inabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia	
$1,153,330.04
. $1,153,330.04
Profit and Loss Account, 1932-33.
Salaries     $90,972.36
Office supplies  1,297.39
Travelling expenses   153.20
Fuel, water, light, and power        14,444.88
Maintenance and repairs 	
Furniture and fixtures 	
Provisions	
Clothing   	
Medical and surgical supplies 	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals 	
Collections for year to Treasury 	
Net operating cost for year	
16,520.63
2,033.73
36,925.78
4,203.71
1,624.45
4.00
3,587.67
$15,832.13
155,935.67
$171,767.80 $171,767.80 PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1933,
Assets.
Land     $117,763.50
Buildings    •.    4,247,234.70
Furniture and fixtures  ,       113,671.97
Plant and equipment ,        59,016.98
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions  $12,924.91
Clothing        9,639.96
Furniture and fixtures       7,220.55
Miscellaneous      1,274.48
Fuel       3,343.87
Maintenance and repairs-
Janitors' supplies  ,    $297.94
Tools, P.W.D  4,835.65
Unissued stores, P.W.D  7,776.20
    12,909.79
Medical and surgical ,      3,382.96
■        50,696.52
Deficit (cost of operations, 1932-33)        569,374.43
1,157,758,10
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia $5,157,758.10
Profit and Loss Account, 1932-33.
Salaries  ,  $281,185.61
Office supplies   7,304.48
Travelling expenses   719.39
Fuel, water, light, and power   73,354.13
Maintenance and repairs  61,954.93
Furniture and fixtures   9,224.65
Provisions  178,739.86
Uniforms and clothing   39,554.90
Medical and surgical supplies  5,808.82
Examinations, committals, and transportation   10,691.62
Incidentals   16,741.39
Collections for year to Treasury      $115,905.35
Net operating cost for year       569,374.43
5,279.78    $685,279.78 L 38 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1933.
Assets.
Land         $12,100.00
Buildings          284,359.31
Furniture and fixtures          19,278.25
Implements and stock   5,478.30
Airing and recreation courts   750.00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions    $988.39
Clothing     3,365.32
Furniture and fixtures   1,762.42
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies   $346.05
Tools, P.W.D    949.47
Stores, P.W.D     121.03
  1,416.55
Miscellaneous       71.13
Fuel        36.25
  7,640.06
Deficit (cost of operations, 1932-33)          87,860.88
$417,466.80
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia      $417,466.80
Profit and Loss Account, 1932-33.
Salaries   $45,727.11
Office supplies   682.99
Travelling expenses   86.05
Fuel, water, light, and power  8,056.19
Maintenance and repairs   7,461.78
Furniture and fixtures   1,248.73
Provisions  25,414.64
Clothing     6,545.62
Medical and surgical supplies  693.39
Examinations, committals, and transportation   150.40
Incidentals   4,795.64
Collections for year to Treasury        $13,001.66
Net cost of operations        87,860.88
$100,862.54    $100,862.54 FINANCIAL TABLES.
L 39
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Average Number
in Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872   (81 days)	
1873	
16.57
16.07
16.76
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
48.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133.92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
489.07
515.74
500.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585.38
752.78
562.12
755.46
00.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
596.07
890.32
120.05
603.40
942.60
127.57
628.85
903.83
139.69
620.23
1,046.78
156.28
612.28
1,151.21
164.55
652.98
1,238.81
172.99
667.33
1.302.77
221.41
$2,265.25
7,841.94
8,232.41
9,892.38
12,558.18
12,917.17
13,985.05
10,253.72
10,552.18
.10,691.76
11,343.65
11,829.11
11,843.94
15,555.87
15,334.43
15,945.22
16,261.06
15,657.79
17,577.80
21,757.03
23,518.37
25,904.98
26,495.83
31,587.89
32,001.40
36,224.76
46,420.25
54,917.45
59,349.20
55,406.08
55,345.05
59,353.57
66,052.76
63,342.07
66,596.69
74,874.64
90,269.49
96,586.32
103,900.44
126,782.50
130,924.06
119,663.71
71,079.84
125,981.45
131,420.44
123,021.70
123,878.43
110,052.21
155,698.37
124.124.68
166,231.51
156,574.85
222,097.37
230,631.90
357,630.99
40,433.28
233,480.70
330,585.35
51,995.87
210,887.45
321,150.35
47,860.96
214,672.13
312,955.52
47,215.01
219,277.02
334,227.39
53,597.29
201,023.79
385,160.68
58,715.33
182.864.26
454,409.02
59,792.32
185.394.70
489,843.33
67.795.28
1          195.215.68
1          522.430.46
1           84,539.06
$616.00
487 98
1874	
491.20
1875	
360.77
1876               	
344.91
1S77                      	
373 26
1878	
382.93
1879              	
268.63
1880	
232.32
1881	
226.62
1882	
237.02
1883                	
242.75
1884	
243.20
1885	
284.54
18S6	
259.42
1887	
216.70
1888                                   	
204.72
1889                                                           	
219.60
1890                        	
223.13
1891 :     	
181.50
1892	
187.80
1893                                                         	
193.36
1894	
178.25
193.83
1896    .                .      	
186.67
1897                ■                              	
191.75
1898                                                   	
214.38
1899                                                         	
242.52
1900                                                         	
244.00
1901                                           	
205.54
1902                                      	
186.59
1903                                      	
178.65
1904             	
187.89
1905                   	
185.80
1900                                                    	
177.79
1907                                     	
178.59
3908                                  -            	
183.92
1909                  	
183.32
1910                                            	
184.43
1911                                              	
197.78
1!)12                                      	
177.71
217.36
184.76
258.56
268.36
238.53
220.99
221.40
245.91
t017;  M.H.,  New Westminster	
231.72
232.05
1918.  M.H.,  New  Westminster	
267.47
295.03
420.97
i      473.38
446.72
411.44
403.52
478.47
353.79
360.71
398.67
355.77
332.01
370.11
348.69
346.76
383.68
324.11
367.94
375.70
298.66
394.72
363.37
283.92
395.41
391.90
292.53
401.01
1927-28, M.H.,  Saanich	
1           381.82
1 L 40
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost—Continued.
Year.
Average Number
in Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1928-29,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
M.H.,
701.22
1,363.43
228.96
737.12
1,414.29
226.62
547,98
1,693.31
240.43
361.88
1,991.41
254.06
389.85
2,102.92
258.95
$207,340.35
577,576.29
97,313.32
232,653.31
615,048.53
91,199.58
210,193.51
699,548.70
104,342.82
178,146.40
700,772.16
102,171.37
171,707.80
685,279.78
100,862.54
$295.68
192S-29,
1928-29,
Essondale	
423.62
425.02
1929-30,
1929-30,
1929-30,
New Westminster	
Essondale	
315.62
434.88
402.43
1930-31,
383.58
1930-31,
1930-31,
Essondale	
413.12
433.98
1931-32,
492.28
1931-32,
1931-32,
Essondale .'...
354.91
402.15
1932-33,
1932-33,
New Westminster	
440.00
325.87
1932-33,
389.505 FINANCIAL TABLES.
L 41
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877	
1878	
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884	
1885	
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911	
1912	
1913, M.H., New
Westminster	
1913, M.H., Esson
dale	
1914, M.H., New
Westminster	
1914, M.H., Esson
dale..	
1915, M.H., New
Westminster	
1915, M.H., Esson
dale	
1916, M.H., New
Westminster	
1916, M.H., Esson
dale	
1917, M.H., New
Westminster	
1917, M.H., Esson
dale	
$279.38
221.48
231.10
153.82
143.34
177.15
176.16
134.27
111.84
112.44
121.51
123.81
124.02
169.05
159.03
127.80
118.34
131.70
121.54
88.35
94.25
95.50
, 87.76
90.83
89.13
89.09
94.68
113.31
116.04
99.16
87.47
82.36
87.43
92.17
88.76
89.18
90.93
94.27
95.97
97.44
78.40
102.37
93.56
115.72
113.06
110.94
95.25
105.89
89.26
103.41
83.57
$184.03
166.81
152.10
113.40
114.45
120.75
124.23
95.10
87.71
81.14
84.52
92.56
90.64
84.33
69.35
59.10
60.47
59.11
62.77
54.79
56.74
53.55
57.07
61.15
55.93
58.18
69.43
72.91
72.62
66.65
61.13
57.86
60.01
54.09
53.15
48.47
49.17
53.41
48.43
58.08
56.37
54.07
.49.90
08.15
81.42
64.32
62.84
74.96
75.18
72.20
79.98
$55.81
14.55
22.07
13.98
18.68
20.69
30.43
3.25
5.74
6.86
7.05
6.03
7.03
6.33
5.49
5.88
4.41
7.20
9.02
3.83
4.69
5.43
5.25
9.90
6.30
8.36
9.94
8.31
9.06
10.12
7.95
8.58
6.85
5.99
5.10
5.81
6.61
8.16
7.87
9.39
10.09
9.43
5.50
2.09
15.49
7.57
9.44
2.58
17.70
10.52
18.92
$22.44
23.65
23.98
16.88
22.75
4.66
13.94
15.91
14.06
12.73
12.30
11.04
12.43
15.05
16.20
15.38
13.90
12.93
17.31
20.43
20.53
22.60
18.83
20.41
20.29
19.11
21.82
33.96
32.10
18.52
15.25
14.77
17.84
17.93
15.92
19.82
17.63
13.02
21.32
18.84
19.36
25.27
25.13
24.13
28.93
20.30
24.87
18.52
26.96
18.29
23.39
$15.55
21.59
28.36
25.45
17.90
20.75
7.20
6.39
6.00
5.55
4.54
4.26
4.14
3.90
3.72
3.88
3.11
4.13
4.00
3.40
3.35
3.39
2.98
2.51
2.56
2.95
2.76
2.50
2.15
3.25
4.13
3.24
4.48
3.83
3.57
3.02
4.56
2.78
2.02
1.12
1.79
4.74
.55
.69
4.14
1.14
4.9S
4.77
$10.18
7.74
7.78
6.73
2.86
3.74
9.16
6.31
3.63
2.56
3.49
2.24
2.77
2.93
1.59
.93
2.09
2.07
1.29
1.89
1.80
2.69
1.43
3.10
3.63
3.86
5.12
2.73
1.71
1.07
1.20
1.91
2.10
2.03
1.21
1.57
1.79
.84
1.15
1.87
1.50
3.21
1.02
2.04
1.19
1.88
.56
1.45
.42
2.38
.81
$49.30
32.16
25.81
30.51
24.93
19.52
21.82
7.40
3.34
5.34
3.01
2.82
2.18
2.95
4.04
3.81
2.40
2.46
7.19
8.81
6.42
10.20
4.93
5.93
8.83
10.20
10.62
8.80
10.32
6.77
9.46
9.93
9.18
9.76
10.02
10.72
13.23
10.84
7.07
11.04
10.20
18.27
14.10
44.24
24.13
33.52
26.89
18.00
31.35
24.92
20.61
$616.69
487.98
491.20
360.77
344.91
373.26
382.93
268.63
332.32
226.62
237.02
242.75
243.20
284.54
259.42
210.78
204.72
219.00
223.10
181.52
187.80
193.36
178.25
193.83
186.67
191.75
214.37
242.52
244.00
205.54
186.59
178.65
187.89
185.80
177.79
178.59
183.92
183.32
184.43
197.78
177.71
217.36
184.76
258.56
268.36
238.53
220.99
221.40
245.91
231.72
232.05
This accounting system discontinued in 1917, and new system installed as per Table B 1. L 42
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
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FINANCIAL TABLES.
L 43
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Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost of Patients
in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers   .$145,974.62
Proportion headquarters vouchers  ,  3,089.22
Proportion Colony Farm vote   15,880.74
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)  15,675.32
Inventories, March 31st, 1932   13,508.45
$194,128.35
Less Essondale Clothing Account   $9,317.50
„    Saanich Clothing Account      1,840.00
„    sundry sales          168.60
„    inventories, March 31st, 1933  11,034.45
 22,360.55
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $171,767.80
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers   $505,744.83
Proportion headquarters vouchers  15,446.18
Proportion Colony Farm vote  92,299.13
Maintenance and repairs  (Public Works Department)  58,716.95
New Westminster Clothing Account   9,335.50
Inventories, March 31st, 1932   54,671.98
5736,214.57
Less sundry sales        $238.27
„    inventories, March 31st, 1933  50,696.52
  50,934.79
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale         685,279.78
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers   $88,509.66
Proportion headquarters vouchers  2,059.49
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)  6,856.01
New Westminster Clothing Account   1,840.00
Inventories, March 31st, 1932   9,237.44
$108,502.60
Les's inventories, March 31st, 1933   7,640.06
Total, Mental Home, Saanich        100,862.54
Total operating expense for the three institutions      $957,910.12
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $15,832.13
Mental Hospital, Essondale   115,905.35
Mental Home, Saanich      13,001.66
 $144,739.14
" Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act"....      296,662.50
      441.401.64
Total net expense for the three institutions      $516,508.48
Total daily average population for the three institutions, 2,751.72, showing a gross per capita
cost of $348.11 per year or 95.37 cents per day, or a net per capita cost without collections under
"Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $295.51 per year or 80.96 cents
per day, or a net per capita to Province after deducting collections under " Public Institutions
Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $187.70 per year or 51.42 cents per day. Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New AVestminster Hospital for
12 Months ended March 31st, 1933.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries     $109,912.76
Less room and board        16,798.22
      $93,114.54
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $86.66
Postage and office supplies   444.95
Telephone and telegraph  ,  564.90
 !  1,096.51
Travelling expenses  122.68
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel          $9,084.25
Water :  1,844.91
Light and power   3,650.72
        14,579.88
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   432.46
Furniture and fixtures—Miscellaneous supplies   1,569.31
Provisions—
Groceries          $12,199.11
Meat   5,788.85
Fish    2,205.01
        20,192.97
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing            $8,214.60
Boots and slippers   1,266.95
  9,481.55
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs     $808.25
Surgical instruments   77.21
Miscellaneous     738.99
  1,624.45
Examinations, committals, and transportation   4.00
Incidentals and unforeseen—■
Amusements   $212.05
Gratuities   8.00
Funerals   470.00
Gas and oil  524.66
Laundry    432.05
Occupational therapy   191.25
Freight and cartage  17.68
Miscellaneous  1,900.58
  3,756.27
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $145,974.62
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)  15,675.32
Proportion headquarters vote   3,089.22
Proportion Colony Farm vote   15,880.74
$180,619.90 Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for
12 Months ended March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. capita cfost
Salaries     $90,972.36 $233,352
Expenses—
Office supplies         1,297.39 3.328
Travelling expenses            153.20 .393
Fuel, water, light, and power       14,444.88 37.052
Maintenance and repairs      16,520.63 42.377
Furniture and fixtures         2,033.73 5.217
Provisions        36,925.78 94.718
Uniforms and clothing        4,203.71 10.783
Medical and surgical supplies         1,624.45 4.167
Examinations, committals, and transportation                4.00 .010
Incidentals and unforeseen         3,587.67 9.203
$171,767.80 $440,600
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)       15,832.13 40.611
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government   $155,935.67 $399,989
Remarks.
•
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1933  412
Daily average population in New AVestminster for year   389.85
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year   $440,600
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day   1.207
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year   399.989
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day   1.096
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1933.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries      $358,005.37
Less room and board          91,108.91
    $266,896.46
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $141.25
Postage and office supplies  2,293.87
Telephone and telegraph   3,864.95
  6,300.07
Travelling expenses   566.77
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel        $52,574.58
Water     8,260.10
Light and power        14,373.32
        75.208.00
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   3,974.71
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding           $2,471.78
Miscellaneous    3,209.65
  5,681.43
Carried forward     $358,627.44 L 48 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward     $358,627.44
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Provisions—
Groceries          $55,686.63
Meat         18,070.21
Fish  :  9,688.71
        83,445.55
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing          $25,639.05
Boots and slippers   5,305.76
        30,944.81
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs  $3,696.44
Instruments   183.44
Miscellaneous  1,963.08
  5,842.96
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations     $1,383.00
Committals '.  75.00
Transportation   *  9,233.62
 10,691.62
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements     $2,730.86
Gratuities   368.05
Funerals   2,100.00
Auto-tires   274.62
Auto-repairs   468.83
Gas and oils  577.59
Laundry supplies   1,314.80
Occupational therapy   228.61
Freight and cartage  550.77
Miscellaneous     7,578.32
         16,192.45
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $505,744.83
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)  58,716.95
Proportion headquarters vouchers   15,446.18
Public Hospital for Insane Account  9,335.50
Proportion Colony Farm vote   92,299.13
$681,542.59
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. capita Cast
Salaries  $281,185.61 $133,712
Expenses—
Office supplies  7,304.48 3.474
Travelling expenses  719.39 .342
Fuel, water, light, and power  73,354.13 34.882
Maintenance and repairs   61,954.93 29.461
Furniture and fixtures  9,224.65 4.387
Provisions   178,739.86 84.996
Carried forward     $612,483.05 $291,254 FINANCIAL TABLES. L 49
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital fob 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts—Continued. Yearly Per
a Capita Cost.
Brought forward     $612,483.05 $291,254
Expenses—Continued.
Clothing, boots, and slippers   39,554.90 18.809
Medical and surgical supplies  .-.  5,808.82 2.762
Examinations, committals, and transportation  10,691.62 5.084
Incidentals and unforeseen   16,741.39 7.961
$685,279.78 $325,870
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)      115,905.35 55.116
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government     $569,374.43 $270,754
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1933  2,151
Daily average population in Essondale for year  2,102.92
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year    $325,870
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  .892
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year     270.754
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .741
Capital Expenditure.
Various buildings, expended by Public Works Department  $11,079.54
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for
12 Months ended March 31st, 1933.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries       $54,613.92
Less board and room        10,792.03
      $43,821.89
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies  $215.27
Telephone and telegraph   333.80
 ■ 549.07
Travelling expenses   65.70
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel         $5,404.21
Water    <  1,277.45
Light and power  1,359.18
  8,040.84
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies   617.00
Furniture and fixtures—Miscellaneous   732.56
Provisions—
Groceries         $16,309.58
Meat  7,322.41
Fish   1,919.77
on k-  "        25,551.76
Clothing—
Clothing          $2,438.99
Boots and slippers   1,095.55
  3,534.54
Carried forward      $82,913.36
4 L 50 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months
ended March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued. ,
Brought forward      $82,913.36
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs :  $301.39
Miscellaneous    392.00
  693.39
Examinations, committals, and transportation   150.40
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements ■.  $768.00
Funerals   539.00
Auto-tires   8.34
Auto-repairs  75.10
Gas and oils  505.51
Laundry   !  12.00
Freight and cartage  70.50
Miscellaneous  2,774.06
  4,752.51
Total expenditure for year by voucher   $88,509.66
Proportion headquarters vouchers   2,059.49'
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public AVorks Department)  6,856.01
Public Hospital for Insane Account   1,840.00
$99,265.16
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. capita Cast
Salaries     $45,727.11 $176,586
Expenses—■
Office supplies   682.99 2.638
Travelling expenses   86.05 .332
Fuel, water, light, and power  8,056.19 31.111
Maintenance and repairs   7,461.78 28.815
Furniture and fixtures   1,248.73 4.822
Provisions   ,  25,414.64 9S.145
Uniforms and clothing   6,545.62 25.278
Medical and surgical supplies   693.39 2.678
Examinations, committals, and transportation  *  150.40 .581
Incidentals and unforeseen   4,795.64 18.519
$100,862.54 $389,505
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)        13,001.66 50.209
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients..    $87,860.88 $339,296
Remarks. ,
Total patients in residence, March 31st, 1933   261
Daily average population for year   258.95
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $389,505
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  1.067
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  339.296
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day   .929 Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1S73..
1874..
1875..
1876-
1877-
1878..
1879..
1880..
1881..
1882..
1883..
1884..
1885..
1886..
1887..
1888..
1889..
1890..
1891..
1892..
1893..
1894..
1895..
1896..
1897..
1898..
1899..
1900..
1901..
1902..
1903..
$1,440.99
1904.
$15,
680.00
1905.
16,
1,342.60
1906.
19,
730.31
1907.
20
799.91
1908.
25;
479.42
1909.
25,
867.38
1910.
26,
1,433.04
1911.
30,
614.99
1912.
35.
505.18
1913.
40.
298.24
1914.
42.
98.35
1915,
New West	
18.
1915,
16
50.00
1916,
New AVest	
18,
720.59
1916,
Essondale 	
21,
750.00
1917,
New West	
21,
220.00
1917,
Essondale 	
25,
599.24
1918,
New AVest	
35,
761.15
1918,
Essondale 	
32,
2,418.43
1919-
-20,
New AVest.
45,
1,585.40
1919-
-20,
Essondale..
53,
2,709.53
1919-
20.
Saanich	
3,
4,409.23
1920-
21.
New AVest.
38,
3,741.71
1920-21,
Essondale..
46,
3,816.80
1920-
21.
Saanich	
3,
4.003.79
1921-
-22,
New AArest.
38,
4,769.04
1921-
-22,
Essondale..
43.
6,893.33
1921-
-22,
Saanich	
4,
12,800.76
1922-
-23,
New West.
34,
10.926.23
1922-
-23,
Essondale..
48.
13,639.64
1922-
-23,
Saanich	
5,
,004.22
,613.18
,058.42
,753.35
1807.83
,845.65
,137.38
,100.20
,151.97
.756.56
.731.83
.046.21
329.72
,135.91
,889.74
435.93
350.09
169.86
100.14
921.06
740.40
215.39
323.55
418.81
580.31
409.52
078.91
263.65
148.55
448.69
698.29
1928-24,
1923-24,
1923-24,
1924-25,
1924-25,
1924-25,
1925-26,
1925-26,
1925-26,
1926-27,
1926-27,
1926-27,
1927-28,
1927-28,
1927-28,
1928-29,
1928-29,
1928-29,
1929-30,
1929-30,
1929-30,
1930-31,
1930-31,
1930-31,
1930-31,
1931-32,
1931-32,
1931-32,
1932-33,
1932-33,
1932-33,
New AA7est.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New AA'est.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New West.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New West.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New AA^est.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New AArest.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New West.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New AVest.
New AA'est.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New AA'est.
Essondale..
Saanich	
New West.
Essondale..
Saanich	
$33,407.79
43,371.30
5,616.53
37,721.99
49,929.43
6,125.15
35,282.10
63,151.50
7,385.93
27,645.65
63,943.08
7,085.17
35,239.21
75,720.87
11,594.08
33,995.92
88,206.54
10,036.86
37,223.30
86,727.37
11,196.30
27,326.25
27,326.25
89,920.81
10,491.08
14,216.16
100,887.75
10,965.76
15,832.13
115,905.35
13,001.66
1932-33, Collections under the " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities) Act"   $296,662.50
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1932-33.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Uniform clothing—
186 uniform suits at $40      $7,440.00
181 uniform pants at $10      1,810.00
Stock—
9 canvas suits (labour only) at $7.50 	
Alterations—
78 coats altered at 25 cents   $19.50
61 pants altered at 15 cents   9.15
15 vests altered at 15 cents  1.95
6 suits altered at $1   6.00
Carried forward	
1,250.00
67.50
36.60
1,354.10 L 52
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Brought forward     $9,354.10
Pressing—
4,156 coats pressed at 15 cents         $623.40
4,352 pants pressed at 10 cents          435.20
1,214 vests pressed at 5 cents  60.70
 •     1,119.30
Repairs—
2,094 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents        $523.50
2,184 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents         436.80
971 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents         194.20
941 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents          141.15
      1,295.65
$11,769.05
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Uniform clothing—
46 uniform suits at $40      $1,840.00
44 uniform pants at $10         440.00
_.    , ■    $2,280.00
Stock—
20 stock suits at $19  $380.00
3 special suits at $22   66.00
1 uniform suit at $40   40.00
8 coats at $12.50   100.00
23 pants at $6.50   149.50
1 vest at $3   3.00
2 boys' pants at $2   4.00
4 staff overalls at $4  16.00
Alterations—
63 coats altered at 25 cents   $15.75
83 pants altered at 15 cents   12.45
17 vests altered at 15 cents  2.55
12 suits altered at $1  12.00
„       .   42 75
Repairs—
1,915 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents        $478.75
2,221 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents         444.20
496 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents   99.20
556 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents   83.40
      1,105.55
$4,186.80
Mental Home, Saanich.
Uniform clothing—
37 uniform suits at $40     $1,480.00
36 uniform pants at $10         360.00
 ■    $1,840.00
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1932-33.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $4,186.80
For Mental Hospital, Essondale     11,769.05
For Mental Home, Saanich      1,840.00
$17,795.85
Material on hand, March 31st, 1933          663.04
—  $18,458.89
Carried forward  $18,458.89 SHOEMAKER'S REPORT. L 53
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1932-33—Continued.
Brought forward -  $18,458.89
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1932     $1,865.24
Salaries—
Tailors  $7,620.80
Seamstresses     3,617.70
    11,238.50
Electric power       $50.00
Electric light         30.00
  80.00
Material purchases, 1932-33       5,160.97
     18,344.71
Profit on operations        $114.18
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1932-33.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
New work—
2 pairs men's boots, special         $18.00
Repairs—
661 pairs boots     $1,557.60
454% pairs slippers          504.90
      2,062.50
$2,080.50
Public Hospital for Insane, New AVestminster.
New work—
27 pairs men's boots        $170.50
12 pairs men's slippers  48.00
4 pairs women's slippers :  16.00
       $234.50
Repairs—
397 pairs boots   692.10
$926.60
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1932-33.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane       $926.60
For Mental Hospital, Essondale :      2,080.50
$3,007.10
Material on hand, March 31st, 1933         303.74
 ■   $3,310.84
Costs—
Salary of Shoemaker     $1,615.86
Material purchased       1,190.86
Light and power  35.00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1932         336.03
      3,177.75
Profit on operations        $133.09 L 54
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane, New AVestminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1933.
Drawers, pairs       140
Sheets      309
Jackets       174
Aprons    218
Chemises     165
Dresses   257
Handkerchiefs     277
Neckties   114
Petticoats  186
Pillow-slips    263
Towels     445
Tray-cloths     79
Curtains, pairs   41
Bureau-covers   12
Repaired at Public Hospital for Insane, New AVestminster, Year ended
March 31st, 1933.
Caps	
Cuffs, pairs	
Table-cloths 	
Pillow-shams	
Corset-covers	
Night-shirts 	
Chair-covers, sets .
pairs
Aprons        315 Overalls,
Blouses  :..     132 Skirts  	
Chemises         579 Sheets 	
Blankets      186 Pillow-slips 	
Dresses   1,040 Bed-ticks   	
Hose, pairs  2,130 Bed-spreads 	
Socks, pairs   2,290 Table-cloths 	
Drawers       584 Under-vests 	
Shirts     866 Towels   	
Coats        77 Curtains, pairs	
Sweaters       64
Work done by Patients at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1933.
45
42
50
79
62
24
3
55
500
332
124
76
127
14S
477
80
75
Days.
Bookbinding        188
Baker        993
Carpenter   2,088
Dining-rooms     1,696
Engineer         730
Florist     1,227
Garden   2,640
Kitchen  3,180
Laundry   2,268
Lawns   2,184
Wards  10,655
Painter      655
Days.
Porter   1,065
Plumber  ;      618
Plaster and mason       355
Piggery   2,335
Scullery        670
Shoemaker       S84
Store      308
Tailor    1,234
Truck        365
Teamster        365
Farmer   3,990
Cemetery       549
Articles made by Female Patients, Mental Hospital, Essondale, Year ended
March 31st, 1933.
Aprons, kitchen   Ill
Bags     37
Baskets   22
Bloomers    683
Caps, cooks'   40
Covers, table   167
Covers, bed-pan   68
Covers, hot-water bottle  60
Curtains, pairs   44
Cushions          10
Dresses      709
Night-gowns, female.     435
Night-gowns, male       102
Pot-holders          43
Pillow-slips    2,917
Sheets   1,769
Slips        514
Stripe wringers         18 PRODUCTION TABLES.
L 55
Articles made by Female Patients, Mental Hospital, Essondale, Year ended
March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Sweaters       29
Towels, tea   1,055
Towels, hand      186
Towels, roller       309
Vests       704
Nurses' uniforms       197
Repairs of uniforms
New tops 	
D5
67
Aprons     342
Bibs   343
Belts    398
Cuffs   238
Caps     154
Miscellaneous craft-work articles   200
New sleeves   11
Aprons     198
Mending done by Female Patients, Mental Hospital, Essondale, Year ended
March 31st, 1933.
Blankets      224
Sheets   2,024
Pillow-slips  1,360
Towels         380
AA'hite coats, doctors'        60
Bed-spreads      220
Vests       224
Coats     1,684
Pants  1,664
Overalls    1,942
Night-shirts       204
Socks, pairs   3,471
Top shirts   1,796
Undershirts   3,540
Drawers   4,428
Stockings       130
Dresses   3,684
Bloomers    1,432
Vests   1,236
Night-gowns     1,464
Slips         642
Miscellaneous       100
Supplies produced at New AA'estmirster, 1932-33.
Vegetables.
Potatoes, early, lb  9,500
Potatoes, late, lb  2,160
Carrots, lb  7,450
Beets, lb  4,200
Parsnips, lb  3,750
Onions, green, lb  2,010
Onions, dried, lb  4,600
Spinach, lb  1,640
Tomatoes, green, lb     200
Tomatoes, ripe, lb  3,250
Cucumbers, lb 1,340
Green beans, lb  1,370
Lettuce, lb  6,875
Cabbage, head  5,660
Cauliflower, head       603
Parsley, bunches         68
Mint, bunches        64
Pumpkins, lb      850
Green peas, lb  1,750
A^egetable marrow, lb  2,760
Kale, lb  2,120
Radishes, lb     201
Green corn, doz     280
Fruit
Apples, lb 40,910
Cherries, lb  1,280
Pears, lb  2,080
Rhubarb, lb  5,845
Raspberries, lb  1,825
Red currants, lb  890
Strawberries, lb  800
Gooseberries, lb  125
Plums, lb  2,750
Black currants, lb  75
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1932-33.
Fruit.
Apples, lb — 2,286
Apples, crab, lb      145
Loganberries, lb      162
Raspberries, lb —     823
Pumpkins, lb      745
Currants, lb       45
Grapes, lb     113
Pears, lb  1,870
Plums, lb  1,800 L 56
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1932-33—Continued.
Vegetables.
Tomatoes, lb.  4,611
Beans, broad, lb      202
Beans, string, lb .'  1,024
Beets, lb  2,716
Cabbage, lb  3,334
Carrots, lb 12,514
Cauliflower, lb      653
Celery, heads       533
Corn, green ears   6,545
Cucumbers, lb     402
Leeks, lb  1,065
Lettuce, head	
Onions, lb	
Onions, green, lb.
Parsnips, lb	
Green peas, lb. ...
Potatoes, new, lb.
Potatoes, lb. 	
Rhubarb, lb	
Spinach, lb	
Swiss chard, lb. .
- 695
.. 2,516
.. 145
.. 1,870
.. 1,300
.. 8,250
..42,230
.. 2,606
.. 60
.. 1,142
Farm Produce.
Chickens, lb      447
Ducks, lb     691
Pork, lb .12,641
Pigeons, lb       24
Rabbits, lb  1,339
Turkeys, lb      581
Veal, lb	
Milk, lb	
Eggs, doz	
Hay, clover, lb.
Hay, oat, lb	
Mangels, lb	
291
.104,192
,. 1,848
.. 14,000
.. 13,000
.. 46,000
Occupational Therapy, Year ended March 31st, 1933.
Wood-working Department.
1932. Cost of Materials.
April     $49.55
May  71.50
June   66.20
July    35.85
August   30.50
September     51.40
October   63.75
November    21.50
December    25.00
1933.
January     18.00
February    :  56.00
March     26.00
$515.25
Upholstering Department.
1932. Cost of Materials.
April     $117.42
May    121.47
June   82.19
July    108.60
August   95.40
September   101.00
October  !  148.00
November    95.45
December    109.00
1933.
January     68.30
February .'  91.00
March  '.  106.00
$1,243.83
Value.
$147.25
268.00
209.25
126.40
106.50
164.75
199.60
105.00
155.00
205.00
220.00
216.75
$2,123.50
A'alue.
$244.97
237.17
167.34
206.35
195.45
196.30
252.80
192.85
204.00
156.90
180.00
193.00
$2,427.13 Occupational Therapy, Year ended March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Weaving and Basketry Department.
1932. Value only.
April     $8.75
May   22.75
June   14.50
July   17.50
August  '.  18.50
September  19.50
October    9.50
November   10.00
December  8.00
1933.
January  14.00
February     6.50
March   :  6.00
$155.50 PART III.—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Herewith is offered for your approval a brief summary and financial statement of the
operations on Colony Farm for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1933.
Generally, weather and crop conditions were excellent and the best of results were obtained
on field-work. The winter was very cold and prolonged, necessitating a long and heavy feeding
period for live stock, but this disadvantage was offset by the unprecedented low prices for all
food products. Never in the history of the farm has it been so nearly impossible to make satisfactory financial returns for our operations. With an almost fixed overhead, it has only been
possible to submit such statements as the current ones, by our mass production and the very
low price paid for coarse foods, which we manufactured into meat, milk, pork products, and
canned goods. Again we have greatly reduced all inventories on all live stock and equipment,
and now hope that we have reached the bottom in price reduction.
The same general policy has obtained as was in force last year, and in the main it has
worked to the advantage of the farm and institution as a whole, although showing very little
financial profit.
This year 2,195,570 lb. or 878,228 quarts of milk were produced by the herd, being an
increase of some 67,000 quarts, with a consequent lowering of the price to $4.88 cents per quart,
which is the lowest in our history. The quality, we are pleased to report, has been improved
both from a butter-fat and bacterial standpoint. The herd is now in a firm position to supply
the institution with all milk and cream requirements on regular and stated daily amounts, and
any surplus that might occur is taken care of by the farm in the hog or calf branches. This
policy has worked very satisfactory for both institution and farm, and throughout the year there
has not been reported the loss of a single can of milk by souring.
Potatoes are our largest vegetable-crop, and this year we harvested 609 tons, being an
average yield of 12.7 tons per acre at a cost of $6.05 per ton, giving us a large quantity of food
at a very low price and sufficient for the institution requirements. The varieties grown are
Epicure as an early and certified Green Mountain as a main crop. Other varieties of main crop
may give a higher yield per acre, but the round form of the Green Mountain makes it particularly
adapted for institution use, where mechanical peelers are used.
An average root-crop of 517 tons was harvested, being an average yield of 35 tons per acre
and at a cost of $2.30 per ton. From this tonnage the institution drew what carrots and turnips
were required and the balance was fed to live stock. All roots were of excellent quality and
stored well.
Our six silos were filled and one filled a second time, resulting in a crop of 993 tons of
excellent cow-food and at a cost of $1.63 per ton. This materially aided in the production of
cheaper and better milk.
The various truck-garden operations were increased and supplied more material for kitchen
use than ever before and at a reduced cost, although the gross financial return was not much
greater than last year, due to the very low prices prevailing.
In the cannery we had an increase in our pack for considerably less money than heretofore,
and were thus able to supply the institution with all canned goods at a most reasonable cost;
this condition being chiefly due to the low cost of raw material and sugar. The total pack kept
in wonderful condition and practically no loss was incurred. The addition of a standard cooker
made such conditions possible as well as greatly increasing the capacity of the plant.
The dairy herd has not appreciably been increased in numbers, due to its ability to fulfil
all requirements in milk and cream. This happy state of affairs was over twenty years in the
making, and at one time, due to patient increase, loss of stock from tuberculosis, abortion, and
breeding troubles, seemed as if it would never be obtained.    The herd has been totally free COLONY FARM.
L 59 from tuberculosis and accredited by the Dominion Health of Animals Branch for the past nine
years. Abortion, which at one time claimed as high as 32 per cent, of our pregnant cows, has
now been reduced to just a fraction over 2 per cent.
The herd is regularly tested for Bang's disease and is at present nearly free. Some valuable
breeding cows who are reactors are kept apart from the main herd, and who are only partly
responsible for the 2 per cent, abortions in this past year. This important health feature is
being followed vigorously, and it is our hope to be able, in the very near future, to report a
Bang disease accredited free herd, because in this direction great progress has been made in
the past four years.
From the all-important standpoint of the production of milk and butter-fat, we are again
able to report a slight increase, although we have reached a stage where spectacular increase
is not thought possible. This year the average milk yield for 131 cows and heifers, and based
on the Canadian Record of Performance test, is 16,261 lb. of milk and 563 lb. of butter-fat per
cow for the year. This means only 238 lb. of milk and 3 lb. of butter-fat per cow over the
figures for last year, but we are very pleased to be able to report that we have held this high
average from this number of cows.
During the year seventy-three heifer calves were raised and added to the herd and several
were sold to Boys' and Girls' Calf Clubs. Thirteen bull calves were raised and sold, but over
sixty such calves were vealed. The prevailing low prices for milk and the consequent lack of
funds among dairymen in general almost eliminated the market for young bulls. This condition
will not last long, because the average age of the bulls in the dairymen's herds to-day is almost
twice as much as it was a few years ago, and certain replacements will be necessary in the near
future.    Sales of young bulls have been greater this year than last, but prices have been very low.
The type of our herd is improving on the average. At the shows we were able to hold our
own against British Columbia and outside herds exhibited here. In this connection we were
again awarded All American honours in the 3-year-old class with " Colony Flood Colantha
194433," she being adjudged the best-type 3-year-old shown in America in 1932. In addition to
this, she produced, as a 3-year-old, 21,117 lb. of milk and 741 lb. fat in a year.
Our force of work-horses have been greatly improved by the addition of young stock raised
on the farm and the culling of old and worn teams. Only two colts were raised, as that seemed
to be all that was necessary at present. AVe are still continuing the policy of raising our own
horse force. There was an increase in the number of hours of horse-labour and a decrease in
the cost per hour.
A considerable increase was made in the number of hogs raised and of products supplied to
the institution. In order to profitably use the garbage from the institution kitchens a certain
amount of grain has to be added. This year grains for hog-feeding were the lowest in history,
and consequently we raised and fed a much larger amount of bacon-hogs than usual, utilizing
both garbage and cheap grain. At the close of the year a number of hogs were sold at a time
when the market was firm, thus helping to make this section one of the most profitable of the
farm operations. The change of keeping our brood sows in colony houses on fresh ground every
year on the lower farm lands has resulted in much larger and healthier litters raised and has
reduced, materially, the cost of producing pork. All killing is now done under the supervision of
the Dominion Meat Inspection Branch at an abattoir near by. Our own curing and packing is
still done at a great disadvantage to obtain best results, but, withal, the branch is one of the
most necessary and profitable on our farm. We have approximately 800 hogs of all ages at the
end of the year.    They are all pure-bred Yorkshires and of excellent bacon type.
Operating a farm this past year has had many disadvantages and difficulties, and this one is
no exception, and I wish to state that, had it not been for the loyal support of the staff as a
whole at all times and under all circumstances, our operations would not have been nearly so
gratifying. To them I wish to express my sincere gratitude for loyal assistance and conscientious work.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore, B.S.A.,
Superintendent. COLONY FARM. L 61
BURSAR'S REPORT ON COLONY FARM.
Essondale, B.C., October 20th, 1933.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith balance-sheet and profit and loss statement, together with
various cost sheets covering the several departments of Colony Farm, for the fiscal year ended
March 31st, 1933.
Profit and loss statement for the year shows a profit of $10,752.36, as compared to $795.36
last year, after deducting all losses from death of stock and writing down all inventories. This
profit is exclusive of patient-labour worked on the farm.
The values of produce supplied to our mental institutions are all based on the New AA7est-
minster market quotations and are as follows:—
Mental Hospital, Essondale   $114,992.62
Public Hospital for Insane, New AA7estminster      17,235.28
Total  $132,227.90
This amount compares with $139,389.32 supplied last year, a decrease in value of $7,161.42,
but actually an increase in poundage.
The amount paid from our votes on account of the farm was $108,179.87, and the amount
paid through the Public Works Department vote for maintenance and repairs and upkeep of
buildings was $8,278.89, making a total expenditure through the Treasury by voucher of
$116,458.76.
Milk-production cost was again reduced this year, and a new low figure for average cost of
production, pasteurizing, etc., of 19.54 cents per gallon was achieved, as against the record low
of last year of 22.24 cents and 26.65 cents for 1930-31.
Revenue was collected on sales of calves, young boars, sows, and produce amounting to
$4,467.48, and this was remitted to the Provincial Treasury.
Please refer to profit and loss statement and cost sheets for full information in the several
departments, among which you will note hog department shows a profit of $19,902.73 for this
year, as against $13,447.93 last year.
Reviewing the financial records for the year, the result is very satisfactory, considering the
times and prices of farm produce.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
G. S. Macgowan,
Bursar. L 62 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM.
April 1st, 1932, to March 31st, 1933.
Assets.
Land Account—■
Colony Farm      $117,484.86
Wilson Annex      108,164.35
 $225,649.21
Buildings and plant      251,843.38
AA7ater system  4,411.25
Bridge   7,571.89
Fencing, pavement, etc.        68,818.67
Equipment            31,367.35
Live stock—•
Bulls, as per inventory         $2,450.00
Cows, as per inventory         45,200.00
Yearlings, as per inventory   8,484.84
Calves, as per inventory   1,978.62
AA'ork-horses, as per inventory   7,245.00
Hogs, as per inventory   6,980.00
 72.33S.46
Sundry inventories—
Feed       $10,558.12
Gasoline    38.00
Cannery     3,219.97
Pork products  .'  5,275.00
Orchard and truck-garden          11,799.00
        30,890.09
Accounts receivable   315.75
Growing Crops Apportionment Account  6,640.82,
$699,846.87
Liabilities.
Surplus Account      $600,345.57
Less patient-labour          19,000.00
$581,345.57
Profit to March 31st, 1932      $107,748.94
Profit for year          10,752.36
       118,501.30
$699,846.87 COLONY FARM.
L 63
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o L 64 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Expenses.
Total expense for year   $43,034.13
Production.
Dairy-produce supplies   $59,794.46
Ice supplies          218.25
    60,012.71
Profit for year   $16,978.58
Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1933.
Dairy— Production.
Salaries and upkeep     $1,329.70 Lb. Milk.
Fuel       1,309.31
    $2,639.01
Test-cows—
Salaries and upkeep      $4,088.74
Feed         6,051.60
     10,140.34
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep   $14,017.38
Feed      16,727.20
Horse-labour    5.60
Pasturage         990.00
 31,740.18
$44,519.53
Less allowance for manure        1,485.40
$43,034.13    2,199.570
Milk Production for Year 1932-33.
Production.
1932. Lb. Cost.
April     177,600 $3,685.26
May  :.  199,932 3,035.23
June  184,770 3,191.81
July     189,840 2,979.69
August  184,784 3.010.06
September     179,940 3,316.16
October    186,965 3,584.66
November    174,030 3,736.87
December    183.575 4,047,63
1933.
January   183,307 4,296.80
February   164,005 4,596.54
March     186,822        .      3,334.54
2,195,570 $42,815.88
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 19.54 cents per gallon. COLONY FARM.
L 65
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1932.
April 30.
May   31.
June   30.
July   31.
Aug.   31.
Oct.    31.
Nov.   30.
Dec.    31.
1933.
Jan.    31.
Feb.    28.
Mar.   31.
Colony Koba Villa...	
Colony Belle Newman	
Colony Lass Koba	
Laundry-fat, etc	
Hides sold	
Colony Clotliilde Abbekerk	
Colony Fayne Calamity Heilo	
Colony Ormsby Koba	
Colony Wayne Perfection	
Colony Grace Heilo	
Colony Beulah Dekol Koba	
Laundry-fat, etc	
Colony Tensen Poscli Heilo	
Colony Beulah Heilo..	
Laundry-fat,  etc	
Colony Zarilda Koba	
Colony Beets K'oba	
Colony Effle Pauline Koba	
Colony Netherland Segis Koba	
Colony July Pauline Koba	
Colony Lady Colantha	
Colony Lulu Poscli Heilo	
Colony Grace Koba Heilo	
Colony Paforit Newman Koba	
Colony Bessie Koba	
Colony  Netherland Burke Heilo	
Colony Clotliilde Canary Vida	
Colony Morag McKinley Koba	
Colony Grace Flora Koba	
Laundry-fat, etc	
Colony Wimple K. Abbekerk	
Colony Netherland Koba Colantha.
Colony Marie Abbekerk	
Colony McKinley Colantha	
Colony Clotliilde Abbekerk Canary
Colony Ianthe Johanna	
Colony Vrouka Dekol Koba	
Colony Alma Heilo	
Colony Grebegga Pauline	
Colony Lulu Posch Beets	
Colony Lulu Beets	
Colony Netherland Colantha.	
Colony Contest Aaggie	
Colony Jannek Ormsby	
Colony Netherland Segis Burke	
Colony Jemima Heilo	
Colony Poetess Korndyke Koba	
Colony Jannek Koba	
Colony Segis Aaggie	
Colony Tensen Posch	
Colony Clare Vida	
Colony Lulu Heilo	
Colony Poetess Aaggie Posch	
Colony Vrouka Newman Colantha.
Loss on inventory	
$100.00
100.00
100.00
300.00
250.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
150.00
100.00
250.00
300.00
100.00
200.00
150.00
250.00
250.00
200.00
350.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
100.00
200.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
300.00
250.00
150.00
200.00
400.00
300.00
100.00
202.00
200.00
350.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
250.00
200.00
100.00
150.00
200.00
200.00
300.00
361.00
$10,203.00
3,182.99
$7,080.01
$03.20
84.80
08.00
19.05
5.74
80.80
108.00
73.80
69.40
65.60
32.15
79.00
71.60
9.35
75.50
75.00
79.40
79.40
79.30
79.30
70.00
69.70
83.70
65.10
66.00
66.90
1.50
67.00
65.00
69.90
68.00
65.50
69.40
57.00
70.00
70.00
75.30
65.00
70.00
72.50
73.50
67.50
72.40
73.40
63.00
62.30
80.40
84.60
$3,182.99
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Sold.
Beefed.
Destroyed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Died.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Destroyed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed,
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Died.
Died.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed:
Beefed.
Beefed.
Destroyed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed. L 66
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
MATURE COAV DEPARTMENT— Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths and destroyed  $1,400.00
Loss by cows butchered      5,319.01
$6,719.01
Loss on inventory       361.00
Loss  $7,080.01
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account. March 31st. 1933.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1932.
April 30.  Colony 1011A	
May   31. Colony 1018a	
Colony 1018b	
Colony  1018c	
Colony 1020a	
Colony 1021a	
Colony 3023a	
Colony Clotliilde Newman Vida
Colony M. Poetess Vida	
Colony Butter Girl Wayne	
June   30.  Colony  1023b  	
Colony 1026a	
Colony  1027a... .1	
Colony  Sir Hello Hengerveld	
Colony 1027b	
Hides..  	
Aug.   31.  Colony  1032a..-.	
Colony 1032b	
Colony 1034a	
Colony  1034b	
Colony 1035a	
Colony  1037a	
Colony 1037b	
Colony 1039a	
Colony 1030b.	
Colony Deidre Sir Heilo	
Sept.   30.  Colony Korndyke Moray	
Colony 1040a	
Colony  1040b	
Colony 1040c	
Colony 1042a.....	
Colony  1044a	
Colony  1044b 	
Colony Fleta Sir Romeo	
Oct.     31. Colony 1045a	
Colony 1045b....	
Colony 1052a	
Colony 1053a	
Nov. 30. Colony 1054a	
Colony 1054b	
Colony 1054c	
Colony 1054D	
Colony 1056a	
Colony 1056b	
Colony 1055a	
Colony 1055b...	
Colony Moray Hengerveld 3rd..
.00
50
50
00
,50
00
00
.00
,50
00
00
00
,00
00
11
11
11
11,
9
0,
6
9
9
90,
11,
9
9
9
9
9
9
63
9,
11,
9,
6
9
9.
9
9,
6
6
9,
9,
54
25
25
25
00
75
,75
00
00
00
25
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
25
00
75
00
00
00
00
75
75
00
00
,00
$6.00
7.40
5.40
5.80
3.90
7.40
25.00
25.00
20.00
6.40
0.30
7.30
S5.00
6.90
6.21
6.30
6.80
6.30
5.50
6.10
7.30
0.80
5.70
5.80
30.00
7.20
5.50
6.40
6.10
6.50
0.50
50.00
0.20
7.10
6.20
0.20
6.90
6.00
5.30
6.30
4.70
5.30
4.00
5.30
50.00
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died at birth.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Arealed.
Arealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
A'ealed.
Vealed.
A'ealed.
Died.
A'ealed.
Sold. COLONY FARM.
L 67
CALVES DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933—Continued.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1933.
Jan.    31
1932.
Dec.    31.  Colony Grace Posch Colantha
Colony Korndyke Sir Heilo	
Colony 1063a	
Colony 1063b	
Colony 1063c	
Colony 1064a	
Colony 1064b	
Colony 1064c	
Colony 1066a	
Colony 1072a	
Colony 1074a.....	
Colony Koba Hengerveld..	
Feb.    28.  Colony 1074b	
Colony 1074c..-v	
Colony 1075a	
Colony 1070a	
Colony Canary Sir Romeo	
Colony 1083a	
Mar.   31. Colony 1083b	
Colony 1084a	
Colony 1084b	
Colony 1085a	
Colony 1087a	
Colony 1089a	
Colony 1090a	
Hides sold	
Colony 1090b	
Colony Georgie Sir Romeo	
Colony Heilo DeKoI Romeo...
Colony Fayne Sir Heilo	
Colony Aaggie Hengerveld	
Loss..
$2.25
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
9.00
50
25
00
25
,25
25
00
00
,00
,75
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
00
9
108
SI,
18
132
,00
,00
00
.00
0(1
$1,249.75
951.96
$5. SO
7.SO
6.00
6.20
6.20
0.20
7.00
5.00
6.10
6.10
25.00
0.10
0.50
0.60
0.80
5.00
6.20
0.00
5.30
6.50
5.10
7.00
5.60
0.10
2.85
4.60
50.00
75.00
35.00
100.00
$951.90
Died.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Exchanged.
$297.79
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths and exchanges   $49.50
Loss by butchered   229.54
Loss on sales   18.75
Loss  $297.79 L 68
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
YEARLING DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1932.
May    31.
Aug.   81.
Oct.    31.
Nov.    30.
1933.
Mar.   31.
Colony Posch Paul Heiigerveld....
Colony Zarilda Hengerveld	
Moras Heilo Hengerveld..
Segis Aaggie Heilo	
Colony Mercena Romeo	
Colony Grace Wayne Vida	
Colony Lulu Heilo Beets	
Colony Colanthus Perfection	
Colony
Colony
Loss on transfer to mature classes..
Manure	
Loss..
$100.00
105.00
135.00
120.00
189.00
205.00
210.00
150.00
2,172.00
1,380.00
997.15
$2,388.85
$87.75
75.00
100.00
60.00
100.00
50.00
100.00
424.40
$997.15
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Beefed.
Sold.
Sold.
Destroyed.
Sold.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss on deaths  $210.00
Loss on butchered  60.00
Loss on sales   371.25
Loss on transfers   2,172.00
, Less credit for manure
$2,813.25
424.40
Loss  $2,388.85
BULLS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
$250.00
350.00
$04.12
33.39
50.00
$600.00
147.51
$147.51
Loss	
$452.49
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by sales   $502.49
Gain on inventory        50.00
$452.49 COLONY FARM.
L 69
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sales and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1933.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling
price.
Remarks.
1932.
April 30. Prince Chestnut Gelding..
May    31.  Saddle Pony Colt	
Flash Rosary Bay	
Colony Lady Pride	
Nov.    30
1933.
Feb.    28.
Mar.   31.
Stud fee	
Gain on inventory..
Gain..
$5.00
20.00
75.00
200.00
1.00
200.00
25.00
500.00
Sold.
Destroyed.
Destroyed.
Sold.
$300.00
$820.00
300.00
$520.00
Abstract of Loss or Gain.
Gain on inventory
Credit on stud fee
Loss on deaths..
$590.00
25.00
?615.00
95.00
Gain  $520.00
Work-horse Labour Account, March 31st, 1933.
Salaries and upkeep     $9,957.27
Feed and pasture       4,415.38
Less credit for manure
$14,372.65
212.20
$14,160.45
Horse-labour charged to crops and other departments at 35 cents per horse-hour     15,361.32
Profit     $1,200.87
Note.—Against cost of $14,160.45, 43,889 hours of horse-labour were performed at a cost of
32.26 cents per horse-hour.
Horse-labour performed, March 31st, 1933.
1932. Hours.
April   3,974%
May   4,126%
June     3,657%
July   3,819
August    3,996
September   4,00S
October  3,616%
November  2,975
December   3,370
1933.
January   3,767
February   2,820
March   3,759
43.889
Less credit for manure
Cost.
$1,242.68
1,326.08
1,194,53
1,142.83
1,155.23
1,142.63
1,179.23
1,169.68
1,098.04
1,187.94
1,102.14
1,433.64
$14,372.65
212.20
$14,100.45 L 70 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Receipts.
By sales—
Live hogs      $2,139.79
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to Essondale Hospital      30,776.40
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to New AArestminster Hospital       3,302.50
$36,218.69
Inventory, March 31st, 1933—
Feed, etc  $5,275.00
Hogs        6,980.00
     12,255.00
  $48,473.09
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep   $6,005.15
Fuel        117.10
Feed   12,702.74
Horse-labour         335.00
  $19,159.99
Inventory, March 31st, 1932—
Feed, etc .-  $1,493.35
Hogs     7,917.62
      9,410.97
 28,570.96
Profit  $19,902.73
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Supplies to Essondale Hospital   $16,645.26
Supplies  to  New  AVestminster  Hospital     1,851.28
Inventory, March 31st, 1933   3,219.97
  $21,716.51
Expenses.
Repairs    $184.53
Salaries   1,744.32
Sugar, spices, etc  3,083.82
Cans, etc  3,856.25
Fruit     6,422.87
Fuel   315.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1932   1,081.89
    16,688.68
Profit     $5,027.83 COLONY FARM. L 71
ORCHARD AND TRUCK-GARDEN.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Receipts.
Produce supplied Hospitals   $9,422.81
Fruit and vegetables supplied cannery        755.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1933   11,699.00
  $21,996.81
Expenses.
Vouchers   $2,849.00
Horse-labour       1,466.67
Fertilizer, seeds, etc     1,212.29
$5,527.96
Inventory, March 31st, 1932   11,167.25
    16,695.21
Profit     $5,301.60
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield of crop, 1,218,900 lb     $6,727.15
Expenses.
Ploughing and disking   $841.15
Seed   466.90
Cultivating   150.00
Manure and hauling   1,155.00
Fertilizer, etc  364.00
Digging and hauling   708.55
      3,685.60
Profit     $3,041.55
Field No. 2, 25 acres; Field AV.R. No. 2, 23 acres; total, 48 acres. • Yield per acre, 1,270 tons;
cost per ton, $6.05.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
' Production. '
Yield of oats, 191,350 lb     $1,943.09
Yield of straw, 1,285 bales          499.25
 $2,442.34
Expenses.
Ploughing and cultivating         $404.70
Seed          160.15
Fertilizer            658.15
Cutting, threshing, and hauling          529.90
      1,752.90
Profit      $689.44
Field No. AV.R. 3, 27 acres; Field No. AV.R, 6, 24 acres; Field No. AV.R. 8, IS acres; total,
69 acres.    Yield per acre, 2,772 lb.;   cost per ton, $18.42. L 72
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1932-33.
CROP DEPARTMENT—Con United.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield of hay, 317,000 lb     $1,812.00
Expenses.
Manure and hauling       $166.00
Fertilizer, etc         149.00
Seed          420.83
Mowing and hauling          420.88
      1,156.71
Profit       $655.29
Field No. 8, 19 acres;   Field No. AV.R. 1, 21 acres;   Field No. AV.R. 6, 42 acres;   total, 82.
acres.    Yield per acre, 1.93 tons;   cost per ton, $7.29.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield of green feed, 520,000 lb     $1,040.00
Yield of peas, oats, and vetches, 950,000 lb      1,900.00
Yield of corn, 516,000 lb       1,032.00
     $3,972.00
Expenses.
Ploughing and disking  '.       $396.22
Manure and hauling          438.58
Seed         190.60
Mowing and hauling   590.62
      1,616.02
Profit     $2,355.98
Field No. 8, 37 acres;   Field No. 3, 12 acres;   Field No. 2, 10 acres;   Field No. AV.R. 6,
5 acres;' Field No. AV.R. 1, 17 acres;   total, 81 acres.    Yield per acre, 10.90 tons; cost per ton,
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield, 31,880 lb        $497.85
Expenses.
Ploughing and disking  $37.05
Fertilizer and manure  95.00
Seeds, sowing, etc  21.20
  153.25
Profit        $344.60
Field No. 6, 1.75 acres.   Yield per acre, 9.10 tons;   cost per ton, $9.62.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield, 140,600 lb        $708.00
Expenses.
Fertilizer            $30.00
Manure and hauling   50.00
Ploughing and cultivating   35.35
Seed   22.25
Hauling   24.00
         161.60
Profit        $546.40
Field No. 2, 2 acres.    Yield per acre, 35.15 tons;  cost per ton, $2.30. COLONY FARM. L 73
CROP DEPARTMENT— Continued.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Production.
Yield, 894,100 lb     $2,235.25
Expenses.
Ploughing and disking  $411.45
Seeds  40.00
Fertilizer ■.  210.00
Manure    506.00
Hauling and digging   410.97
      1,638.42
Profit        $596.83
Field No. 7, 17 acres;   Field No. AA'.R. 2, 2 acres;   Field   No. 1,   2 acres;   total, 21 acres.
Yield per acre, 35.15 tons;   cost per ton, $2.30.
TRACTOR ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account. March 31st, 1933.
571% hours' work     $1,143.00
Expenses.
Salaries      $1,204.40
Gasoline         289.64
.,,-<          1,494.04
Loss       $351.04
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1933.
Salaries and vouchers   $20,961.90
Horse-labour        1,021.30
Fuel :         245.58
Sundry supplies to employees   389.79
Tractor   !         125.00
$22,743.57
Proportion headquarters expenses       2,776.89
Loss on inventories of equipment         972.15
General repairs through Public AArorks Department       8,278.89
$34,771.50 MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1933.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 1,373,760 lb  $41,212.80
Cream, 1,690 lb  506.92
Butter, 6,335 1b      2,218.25
     $13,937.97
Meats—
Beef, 31,038 lb     $3,103.80
Veal, 3,729 lb         372.90
Pork roasts, 62,970 lb     18,891.00
Livers, etc., 22,253 lb       2,225.30
Sausage, 14,153 lb      2,830.60
Bacon and ham, 9,572 lb      3,348.20
Green bacon, 3,899 lb      1,169.70
Lard, 11,558 lb       2,311.60
Sundries   65.90
      34,319.00
Fruits and vegetables—
Fresh   $14,700.81
Canned     16,545.26
 31,246.07
Sundries—■
Horse-labour        $5,040.00
Gasoline    143.22
Ice            218.25
Miscellaneous  88.11
        5,489.58
$114,992.02
New AA7estminster Hospital—Produce supplied by- Colony Farm, March 31st, 1933.
Dairy produce—■
Milk, 291,800 lb     $8,754.00
Cream, 912 lb  273.75
 $9,027.75
Meats—Pork, etc      3,302.50
Fruits and vegetables—
Fresh      $1,580.75
Canned        1,851.28
 3,432.03
Sundries—
Horse-labour        $1,470.00
Miscellaneous     3.00
 1,473.00
$17,235.28
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1933.
Sundry amounts due for live stock, etc., sold         $315.75
Remittances to Treasury.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during the year 1932-33 in payment of live stock and
produce sales      $4,467.48 MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Orchard and Small Fruits.
Prunes and plums  $3,027.00
Cherries     418.00
Pears   1,234.00
Apples    1,978.50
Red currants   050.00
Raspberries     1,277.50
Strawberries     300.00
Blackberries, loganberries, and gooseberries  560.00
Rhubarb     482.50
 $9,927.50
Bees and bee supplies, etc  $881.50
ATegetables, etc., in field and storage  990.00
'  1,871.50
$11,799.00
Summary of Equipment Inventories, March 31st, 1933.
Equipment in dairy   $5,291.35
Equipment in cannery   2,497.00
Equipment in horse and cow barns   2,144.00
Farm implements   11,675.50
Pumping and land-clearing  7,964.00
Piggery and butcher-shop  299.00
Carpenter and blacksmith   1,199.50
Sundry equipment  297.00
$31,367.35
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Chaki.es F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1933.
400-1033-5053 

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