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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LANDS AND SURVEY BRANCHES OF THE DEPARTMENT FOR THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1934

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Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL EEPOET
OP   THE
LANDS AND SURVEY BRANCHES
DEPAKTMENT OF LANDS
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST, 1933
HON. A. WELLS GRAY, MINISTER OF LANDS
printed by
authority of the legislative assembly.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1934.  Victoria, B.C., March 1st, 1934.
To His Honour John William Fordham Johnson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Yoite Honour :
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the Lands and Survey Branches
of the Department of Lands for the year ended December 31st, 1933.
A. WELLS GRAY,
Minister of Lands. Victoria, B.C., March 1st, 1934.
The Honourable A. W. Gray,
Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Lands and Survey Branches of
the Department of Lands, also the Report of the Operations of the B.C. Government Relief
Land Settlement Committee, for the twelve months ended December 31st, 1933.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
H. CATHCART,
Deputy Minister of Lands. PART I.
DEPARTMENT OF LANDS.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Superintendent of Lands     7
Revenue        7
Sale of Town Lots     8
Pre-emption Records      9
Land-sales  9
Pre-emption Record Inspections   10
Summary  11
Letters inward and outward   12
Coal Licences, Leases, etc  12
Crown Grants issued   12
Total Acreage deeded   12  DEPARTMENT OF LANDS.
• Victoria, B.C., February 1st, 1934.
H. Cathcart, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith statements containing details of land administration by the Lands Branch of the Department of Lands during the year ended December 31st,
1933.
A continued downward trend in revenue will be noted by comparison of present figures with
those supplied in previous reports.
The importance of a decreased revenue during 1933 will be much diminished when contributory causes outside of general financial depression are examined.
As in the past five years, the sale of lands reverted to the Crown for non-payment of taxes
has exceeded the sale of ordinary Crown lands under the " Land Act," both in area and value,
but the regulation suspending payment of principal on the sale of reverted areas for two years
has materially affected our revenue.
There is no question as to the popularity of this measure, intended to attract those on relief
and " land-minded " to the soil in hope that they will thus become more or less self-supporting,
and, if successful, the revenue loss will begin to adjust itself from expiration of the two-year
period.
The passage of the " Petroleum and Natural Gas Act" in 1932, which effected the removal
of these commodities from disposition under the " Coal and Petroleum Act," has also had a
diminishing effect on revenue generally obtained under the latter Statute, as will be observed
from the figures submitted.
While collections continue difficult, a brighter and more hopeful tone is lately observed with
regard to future liquidation of financial obligations to the Crown.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
NEWMAN TAYLOR,
Superintendent of Lands.
STATEMENT OF REVENUE, YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31st, 1933.
Land-sales.
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$32,959.93
93.50
2,313.30
$32,959.93
Town lots	
$7,418.22
19,329.41
103.07
821.95
7,511.72
21,642.71
163.07
204.30
1,026.25
Totals   	
$35,571.03
$27,732.65
$63,303.68
Revenue under " Land Act."
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
Sundry lease rentals
Grazing rentals	
Survey fees	
Sundry fees	
Royalty	
Improvements	
Rent of property	
Mineral claims....,	
Totals	
$67,040.58
4,907.07
1,008.17
13,930.30
185.16
518.83
$87,590.11
$779.43
1,681.00
1,205.04
127.00
4,547.75
$8,340.22
$67,040.58
4,907.07
1,787.60
15,611.30
185.16
1,723.87
127.00
4,547.75
$95,930.33 X 8
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
Revenue under
' Coal
and Petroleum Act.
"
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$3,300.00
9,804.87
5,430.05
716.00
$3,300.00
9,864.87
5,430.65
716.00
Tntnls
$19,311.52
$19,311.52
	
Sundry Receipts.
Victoria.
Maps, blue-prints, etc	
Miscellaneous	
Interest, South Okanagan Project	
Revenue from land transferred from the Dominion
Totals	
$10,042.21
309.50
3,015.50
9,301.06
Agencies.
$22,668.27   |
I
Summary of Revenue.
Total.
$10,042.21
309.50
3,015.50
9,301.06
$22,608.27
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$35,571.03
87,590.11
19,311.52
22,068.27
$27,732.65
8,340.22
$63,303.68
95,930.33
19,311.52
22,668.27
Totals    .                     ..
$165,140.93
$36,072.87
$201,213.80
Summary of Cash received.
Revenue	
" Soldiers' Land Act "—
South Okanagan Project	
Houses, South Vancouver	
" Better Housing Act "—
Principal	
Interest	
Refund of advances and refund to votes, etc
Totals •	
$165,140.93
7,496.54
548.84
45,400.00
45,251.29
2,274.44
$36,072.87
Total.
$201,213.80
7,496.54
548.84
45,400.00
45,251.29
2,274.44
$260,112.04
$36,072.87   I     $302,184.91
SALE OF TOWN LOTS DURING 1933.
Disposal of lots placed on the market at previous auction sales:—
30 lots at Quesnel   $4,275.00
16 lots at Prince George   1,895.00
1 lot at Vancouver   2.300.00
1 lot at Vanderhoof  100.00
2 lots at Powell River   200.00
2 lots at Tulameen   150.00
2 lots at Atlin   100.00
3 lots at Walters Cove   120.00
1 lot at Clinton   100.00
And 13 lots in various other townsites  771.00
Total  $10,011.00 LAND-SALES, 1933.
X 9
During the year auctions were held 'at Barkerville, New Westminster, Powell River, Quesnel,
and Yahk Townsites, disposing of sixty-five lots for $8,296.
University Hill Subdivision in Lot 1^0, New Westminster District (Endowment Lands).—
One lot leased, value $2,895.
Southern Okanagan Project.—Twenty-one parcels were sold in 1933, comprising 470.24 acres,
the purchase price being $13,113.70.
PRE-EMPTION RECORDS, ETC., 1933.
Agency.
Pre-emption
Records
allowed.
Pre-emption
Records
cancelled.
Certificates
of
Purchase.
Certificates
of Improvements.
2
45
11
2
47
79
16
57
1
4
4
51
3
7
15
75
20
10
25
0
5
4
7
40
81
6
30
4
4
1
27
10
267
4
73
29
20
29
1
6
10
1
27
5
4
10
40
2
20
5
1
36
73
14
24
18
98
2
100
4
717
Atlin	
10
8
5
6
1
Nelson	
New Westminster	
2
1
5
4
Quesnel	
Revelstoke	
Smithers	
4
2
5
1
8
1
Totals	
485      .
687
1,211
63
LAND-SALES, 1933.
" Land Act "— Acres.
Surveyed   (first class)            62
Surveyed  (second class)      3,262
3,324
Unsurveyed         279
Total    3,603
" Taxation Act "—Surveyed  21,090.83 X 10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
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I- X 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER  OF  LANDS, 1933.
STATEMENT OF LETTERS INWARD AND OUTWARD, 1933.
Letters Inward   25,106
Letters outward   22,420
Included in the above total of letters inward are general inquiry letters for the months of:
January     420 August        144
February     445 September     144
March       384 October      145
April     209 November      146
May       186   ' December         81
June      140 	
July      163 Total 2,607
MINING LICENCES.    LEASES, ETC., 1933.
Licences under the " Coal and Petroleum Act."
Original licences issued...     3; area,    1,920 acres.
Renewal licences issued   30; area, 19,200 acres.
Totals  33; area, 21,120 acres.
Leases under the " Coal and Petroleum Act."
New leases issued   19; area,    9,156.50 acres.
Renewal leases issued   50; area, 28,062.50 acres.
Totals   69; area, 37,219.00 acres.
Leases under " Petroleum and Natural Gas ACt."
Leases issued   1; area, 265 acres.
Sundry Leases under the " Land Act."
Number of leases issued   225 ; area, 36,757.05 acres.
CROWN GRANTS ISSUED, 1933.
Pre-emptions       54
Dominion homesteads   193
Purchase      91
Mineral      74
Town lots  i     37
Reverted lands (other than town lots)    122
Reverted town lots     60
Reverted mineral claims  100
"Public Schools Act"        6
Miscellaneous     21
Total  758
Applications for Crown grants   802
Certified copies      15
Clearances of applications for leases of reverted mineral claims given  537
Total Acreage deeded.
Pre-emptions       8,040.50
Dominion homesteads   25,290.08
Mineral claims (other than reverted)       2,392.82
Reverted mineral claims      3,256.71
Purchase of surveyed Crown lands (other than town lots)     3,752.46
Purchase of reverted lands   16.049.70
Total  58,782.27 B.C. GOVERNMENT RELIEF LAND SETTLEMENT. X 13
Victoria, B.C., February 22nd, 1934.
To the Deputy Minister of Lands,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to enclose herewith the First Annual Report of the B.C. Government
Relief Land Settlement Committee for the year ended December 31st, 1933.
Your obedient servant,
W. S. LATTA,
Secretary, B.C. Government Relief
Land Settlement Committee.
REPORT OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE B.C. GOVERNMENT RELIEF
LAND SETTLEMENT COMMITTEE FOR THE YEAR
ENDED DECEMBER 31st, 1933.
RELIEF LAND SETTLEMENT PLAN, 1932.
This plan, whereby families on relief in cities or municipalities may be assisted to go on
the land, is based upon and has been carried out in accordance with the Dominion-Province of
British Columbia Agreement, dated September 9th, 1932.
It is a plan formulated by the Dominion Government for use in all Provinces of the
Dominion.
The plan provides that the three Governments, Dominion, Provincial, and Municipal, must
take part therein and contribute equally towards the expenses incurred, which must not exceed
$600 to each settler family placed on the land—$500 for the first-year period and $100 held back
for emergencies in the second year. No part of the $600 is to be used for the purpose of
acquiring or renting land or for administration costs. The Provincial Government is responsible for administration and supervision and the costs thereof.
An Advisory Committee, known as the Relief Land Settlement Committee, was appointed
by the Provincial Government to administer the plan, under authority of Order in Council No.
112, dated February 1st, 1933. This Committee is composed of representatives from the following bodies: Dominion Government, Provincial Government, City of Vancouver, City of New
Westminster, Union of Municipalities, Vancouver Board of Trade, and Canadian National Railways; headquarters in the Colonization Commissioner's office, Court-house, Vancouver, B.C.
This Committee has power to instruct and supervise the officials who are detailed from Provincial Government departments to look after the settlers going on the land.
The officials so detailed are the Public Works Engineer and the District Agriculturist in
each district, who form the Local Establishment Committee and act as " fieldmen." Their duties
are to select the land, transport the family to their location, purchase all necessities required,
and also to supervise settler's operations and assist him in becoming established during the two
years he is under the Relief Land Settlement Plan.
The land placed at the disposal of the Committee for the purposes of this plan is as follows:
Soldier Settlement Board lands (Dominion) ; Land Settlement Board lands (Provincial) ;
British Columbia tax-reversion land; and privately owned land if terms of purchase, quality,
etc., considered suitable.
The relief settler has the option to purchase at stated price and terms on the expiry of the
two-year period.
Accounting is done through the Public Works Department, Victoria. The regulation Public
Works system of work orders, requisitions to the Purchasing Agent, vouchering, and payment
is used. Requisitions pass through the hands of the Secretary of the Relief Land Settlement
Committee, to be scrutinized by him before being filled. X 14 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
In the spring of 1933 funds were made available by the British Columbia Government for
the settling of fifty families. Agreements were entered into under date of January 16th, 1933,
with the Cities of Vancouver and New Westminster. Thirty-seven settlers were allotted to
Vancouver and thirteen to New Westminster.    All of these have been located as follows:—
16 in the Lower Fraser Valley.
3 on Vancouver Island South.
7 in the Vanderhoof-Fort Fraser District.
17 in the Quesnel-Alexandria District.
2 in the Prince George District.
1 in the Kamloops District (Red Lake).
3 at up-Coast points.
Two heads of families returned from Vanderhoof during the month of May without making
a selection of land and their places were filled by two other settlers.
In the month of February an agreement was also signed by the City of Trail and negotiations were almost completed with the Municipality of Burnaby, but further funds for these
applicants were not made available.
Up to the end of December, 1933, four families have dropped out, all from Vancouver City.
Owing to the high cost of transportation to Interior points, also to the comparatively high
cost of lumber, equipment, food, etc., at outlying points, the amount of $500 for the first year
has been found totally inadequate. Approximately fourteen of the larger families have already
(at the end of eight months) exhausted the first year's allowance and have had to be put on
direct Provincial relief in the districts wherein they are situated. Before the winter 1933-34 is
over it is expected that the majority, if not all, of the families ih the Interior will have to be
taken care of by direct relief. Those who have already exhausted their $500 fund are the
larger families that moved farthest and ran up the heaviest expenses for material and transportation.
W. S. LATTA,
Secretary, B.C. Government Relief
Land Settlement Committee.
Vancouver, B.C., December Slst, 1938. PART IT.
SURVEY BRANCH.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of the Surveyor-General  17
Survey Revenue   18
General Review of Field-work   18
Office-work   19
Survey Division  20
Table A—Summary of Office-work   20
Table B—List of Departmental Reference Maps   21
Table C—List of Departmental Mineral Reference Maps  23
Geographic Division   25
Table D—List of Lithographed Maps   28  REPORT OF THE SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
Victoria, B.C., February 22nd, 1934.
II. Cathcart, Esq.,
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report on the operations of the Survey
Branch for the year ended December 31st, 1933:—
Due to the fall in Provincial revenues, the appropriation for survey-work established a new
low record. The result was that field-work had to be confined to a few of the most urgent items,
and projects which I believe to be economically sound and of great importance to the mining
industry in particular had to be postponed. We had the extraordinary experience of having
surveyors of the topographical staff, for whom no salaries had been voted, insisting on their
desire to carry on certain field-work without pay, their object being to demonstrate the success
of some experiments in lowering the cost of control surveys. I am glad to say that payment
for the plotting of the 500 square miles covered by them in the Barkerville area was provided
by special warrant in December, 1933.
The field-work of the Survey Branch may be divided into three main classes: (1) Triangu-
lation, this being the best and cheapest, means of determining the true positions of main features
and of placing a rigid foundation under all other surveys; (2) topographical surveys, now mostly
carried on with the aid of aerial photography, with ground control supplied by minor triangula-
tion and the surveying camera; (3) cadastral surveys, in preparation for settlement. Theoretically, surveys should he made in the above order, but without a system of spreading the cost of
the permanent triangulation and topographical surveys over future years by financing them out
of long-term loans, this sound practice is seldom possible.
Twenty-one years of well-planned effort has brought the triangulation nets of'the main
scheme so near to completion that a total of about $30,000 further expenditure, spread over three
years, would close the gaps, and little more would need to be done for many years.
Except in the Peace River area, east of the Rocky Mountains, cadastral surveys are now
generally well in advance of settlement requirements, and there are no extensive areas where
further land surveys would induce early successful settlement.
The topographical surveys, oh the other hand, should, I believe, be pushed as rapidly as
funds permit. It is easy to point to past mistakes which could have been avoided had there
been complete advance knowledge of resources and traffic possibilities. For example, no major
illusions can exist with respect to the country south of the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway and west of the Arrow Lake Divide, over all of which we have contour maps, but
many illusions (lo exist in the public mind respecting less-known sections, and such illusions,
if widespread, make it difficult to resist unwarranted demands on the public treasury. To avoid
such dangers the first necessity would seem to be an inventory of Provincial resources. The
owner of a farm goes over his land before deciding where to concentrate his efforts, and the
Province should do the same; but, as the area is so great, the only practicable way to present
the facts is in the form of maps or in reports illustrated by maps. Such maps are a cheap form
of insurance against costly errors and are a guide towards' economically sound development.
Altitude and slopes place definite limits to our agricultural areas; geological formations
govern the occurrence of the various minerals; watershed areas and the drop therefrom limit
power; while the potentialities of our forests are closely bound up with latitude, altitude,
slopes, and drainage. Altitude and slope have a far more important bearing on economic
development here than in any other Province of Canada, and maps without contour-lines tell
only half the story. With contour maps and a soil examination it can with full confidence be
determined whether an area should be reserved for forest, grazing, or other purposes, or whether
there is a sufficient area of suitable land to make a successful community possible, and to
warrant the consequent, provision of roads, schools, etc.
We are working in harmony with all survey departments of the Dominion Government
operating in this Province under the terms of Confederation. We exchange information freely
and are avoiding all duplication of work. We welcome all assistance they can give, for in the
366,255 square miles of British Columbia there is working room for all for over fifty years to'
come.    The efficient photographic detachment of the Royal Canadian Air Force has photographed X 18 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
extensive areas in the Province largely at our request, and we find that with these photographs
and with the methods of control worked out by our own photo-topographical staff, it is now
possible to carry out the necessary control surveys and to produce reliable 1-mile-scale topographical maps showing 100-foot contours at a cost to the Province under $20 per square mile.
It is important to remember that when this work is once done it is done for ever.
All projects recommended by the Survey Branch must pass the following tests: (1.) In the
case of triangulation surveys, " Is this work necessary to supply a stable base for our maps of
regions, now under development, or with development imminent?" (2.) In the case of topographical surveys, " Is this an area where complete information, with contours and photographs,
is likely to aid early development of mineral, agricultural, timber, or power resources to an
extent justifying this expenditure? " (3.) In the case of cadastral surveys, " Is this land suited
in quality and location for successful settlement, and is it likely to be taken up in the very near
future?" All such surveys have incidental scientific value, but it is recognized that British
Columbia, with its great area and small population, must make early and substantial economic
value the test of its projects for many years to come. Among projects which will fully meet
the above tests are the following: Completion of the contour-mapping of the Barkerville placer-
and lode-mining areas, completion of contour-mapping of Vancouver Island and of the promising
mineralized region near Loughborough Inlet, also the Bridge River country and the great valleys
of the Fraser, Thompson, Nechako, Finlay, Bulkley, and Skeena Rivers. This work could be
advanced at the rate of about 2,000 square miles per annum by the present photo-topographical
staff at a cost under $40,000 yearly, and on account of its permanent character there would be
ample justification for spreading the cost over future years by financing it from loans. The same
thing applies to the closing of the triangulation gaps referred to above, but, on the other hand,
I am of the opinion that all cadastral surveys should be financed out of current revenue.
SURVEY REVENUE.
From the very nature of the work there can be no direct revenue collections in connection
with triangulation and topographical surveys. In the case of Cadastral surveys a survey fee
is collected on lands sold, but in very many cases this is merged with the land price and so does
not show in the Public Accounts. Under the " Land Act," surveys of their lands are donated
to pre-emptors. Since 1911 the revenue from survey fees, shown as such, has exceeded $239,000,
while in the same period surveys to the value of over $900,000 were given to pre-emptors.
GENERAL REVIEW OF FIELD-WORK.
No salaries having been voted for the topographical staff and the appropriation for surveys
having been almost wiped out, little could be done in the field.
It has long been known that the positions of buildings in Barkerville bore little relationship
to the lot-lines originally established by the Royal Engineers in 1862. The fire of 1868 and
numerous accretions of tailings had destroyed all traces of the original survey. A resurvey of
the townsite, under the " Special Surveys Act," was this year made, and as a result it is expected
that titles to the lands actually occupied will be put in a satisfactory condition to the general
advantage of all. As the original townsite is on a bed of tailings in the valley of Williams
Creek and so is subject to further accretions or erosion, a new Government townsite was laid
out on a bench about half a mile from old Barkerville. An auction of lots was held, and many
welcomed the chance to escape the unsatisfactory fire and sanitary conditions of the older
crowded townsite.
A few quarter-sections near roads and school in the Canim Lake area were surveyed and
taken up by settlers, and some out-of-pocket expenses were paid in connection with the topographical work near Barkerville referred to in the second paragraph of my report.
Surveys of mineral claims, purchases, leases, etc., although covering Crown land, are carried
out by British Columbia land surveyors employed by those acquiring these lands. To the credit
of the surveyors it may be said that these surveys are almost invariably of a high order and
the field notes and plans filed in this Department give a reliable basis for the transfer of title.
There are, however, a few exceptions, and in order to keep these exceptions as low as possible
in number, occasional inspections are carried out. There was one such inspection in 1933, that
being of some mineral-claim surveys in the Bridge River area, concerning which we had adverse
reports which proved to be justified.    The entire cost of inspection was collected  from  the REPORT OF THE SURVEYOR-GENERAL. X 19
surveyors at fault. It is proposed to continue the practice, as it not only guards the Government
against the danger of issuing faulty grants, but protects surveyors who do their work thoroughly,
and has the hearty approval of the Board of the Corporation of British Columbia Land
Surveyors.
OFFICE-WORK.
The office staff is divided into two main sections—namely, the Survey Division and the
Geographic Division. Reports compiled by F. O. Morris and by G. G. Aitken, who are respectively in charge of these Divisions, follow.
After years of preparation a new Wall Map of the Province and a new map of Northern
British Columbia were issued in 1933. The latter map gives much geological information
supplied by the Mines Department and both maps have met with popular approval and a very
satisfactory sale.
There are at least forty-three different systems of subdividing this Province in use by the
various departments. This may be necessary, but it is not at all necessary that the boundaries
should so often lie within a mile or two of one another instead of coinciding. Land Recording,
Mining, and Assessment District boundaries, for example, frequently differ in very small details.
The Lands and Mines Departments are far advanced on the road toward removing these confusing differences, and other departments have our suggestions for simplification before them
for consideration. The proposed changes, if carried out, should reduce mental confusion and
make savings in map publication and in the drawing of descriptions. In addition, it will
simplify the combining of Dominion and Provincial statistics, as the Survey Branch, with this
end in view, took an active advisory part in fixing the boundaries of the Dominion Statistical
Publication Areas.
During the year the Survey Branch lost the services of G. P. Goddard, who was forced to
retire through poor health. In thirty-five years Mr. Goddard had accumulated a great store of
information and is much missed.    No new appointments have been made during 1933.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
F. C. GREEN,
Surveyor-General. X 20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
APPENDIX TO REPORT OF SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
SURVEY DIVISION.
This Division deals with the general correspondence, the supply of survey information to
land surveyors and the general public, preparation of instructions for surveying, checking survey
field-notes and plotting official plans therefrom, clearing all applications, and many minor
activities. In the average day's work it is found necessary to secure and consult 100 documents
from the vault.    An efficient blue and ozalid printing plant is maintained.
Departmental Reference Maps.—In order to keep a proper graphic record of alienations and
inquiries, reference maps, generally on the scale of 1 mile to 1 inch, and mineral reference maps
on the scale of 1,500 feet to 1 inch, drawn on tracing-linen, are maintained by the Survey
Division. There are now 183 reference maps and 59 mineral reference maps, making a total
of 242 maps. The work of keeping these up to date—(1) by adding new survey information as
it becomes available, and (2) by renewing same when worn out with constant use and handling
in the blue-print machines—forms a considerable portion of the work of the Branch. During
the year eighteen new reference maps and two new mineral reference maps were prepared.
Tables B and C, attached hereto, give a list of these reference maps.
Table A, which follows, summarizes the main items of work.
Table A.—Summary of Office-work for the Year 1933, Survey Division.
Number of field-books received   489
lots  plotted    430
lots gazetted and tracings forwarded to Government Agents 186
reference maps compiled   20
miles of right-of-way plans dealt with   41
applications for purchase cleared   152
applications for pre-emption cleared   619
applications for lease cleared   748
coal licences cleared   32
water licences cleared   204
timber-sales cleared   1,156
free-use permits cleared  488
hand-loggers' licences cleared   85
Crown-grant applications cleared   802
reverted-land  clearances    1,534
cancellations made  1,321
inquiries cleared   1,335
placer-mining leases plotted on maps   721
letters received   6,595
letters sent out   5,044
Crown-grant and lease tracings made in duplicate  816
miscellaneous tracings made  84
blue-prints made    21,691
Total revenue received for copies of field-notes, etc., and sale of blueprints   $4,911.32
Number of documents consulted and filed in vault   30,019 APPENDIX TO REPORT OF SURVEYOR-GENERAL. X 21
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REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
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Eh rt a h APPENDIX TO REPORT OF SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
X 25
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION.
The Geographic Division deals with the compilation and drawing of maps for lithographic
reproduction, the preparation of standard base maps and the calculations incidental thereto,
triangulation adjustment, the distribution of maps, and all photostat and map-mounting work;
geographic data and records of the Province.
The production for the year is outlined in the following schedules:—
Published.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
Dept.
Map No.
Scale.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
New Wall Map of B.C., in four sheets..
New Wall Map of B.C., Special
Edition, Electoral Districts, Redistribution of 1932
Northern B.C., Special Mineralogi-
cal, etc., information
4,000
600
4,000
July,   1033
Aug.,   1933
Oct.,    1933
lA
LA Electoral
lH
1/1,000,000 or
15.78 m. to 1 in.
1/1,000,000 or
15.78 m. to 1 in.
15.78 m. to 1 in.
366,255
366,255
170,000
In Course of Preparation.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
Dept.
Map No.
Scale.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
3f
3g
3d
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 in. to 1 in.
9,000
9,000
11,000
The 1933 Provincial Election under the new Redistribution Act, 1932, made necessary the
careful preparation of many special descriptions and maps for the guidance of polling officials.
4
Geographical Naming.
The establishing of permanent geographical naming is an important part of the duties of the
Geographic Division and necessitates a considerable amount of correspondence and close study
of old records, maps, charts, etc.
During the year 1933 the following new map publications of British Columbia, submitted by
Provincial Departments, and the Geological, Hydrographic, and Topographical Departments of
the Dominion Government, were edited for permanent naming:—
Name of Map. For whom prepared.
1. Barkley Sound Chart  Dominion Government.
2. Nimpkish Sheet Dominion Government.
3. Woss Lake Sheet  Dominion Government.
4. Adam River Sheet  Dominion Government.
5. Schoen Lake Sheet  Dominion Government.
6. Taku River Sheet  Dominion Government.
7. Portland Canal Sheet  Dominion Government.
8. Salmo Sheet Dominion Government.
9. Clayoquot Sound Chart  Dominion Government.
10. Crowsnest Sheet  Dominion Government.
11. Juan de Fuca Strait Chart  Dominion Government.
12. Victoria and Vicinity  Dominion Government.
13. Miscellaneous    Provincial Government.
Central Index.
The registration of plans under a " quadrilateral" system which was inaugurated by this
Department a few years ago has proved to be the ideal system for the indexing of plans.    Under
this system all information relating to any part of the country can be rapidly located, without
the possibility of any important data being overlooked. X 26 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
Gazetteer.
During the year a great number of revisions of the place-names of British Columbia and
their locations were necessary through the receipt of new topographical and hydrographic
surveys.    In addition, about 400 new place-name cards were added to the index.
Geographical Work done for other Departments.
Twenty-three orders (Provincial), with total cost, charged and received, $939.27.
Eighteen orders  (Provincial), co-operative, not charged, value $1,355.25.
Map-mounting.
The following is a synopsis of the work accomplished in map-mounting for the year 1933:—
Loose-leaf map-books—mounted maps In covers   180
White, blue, and ozalid prints, joined and mounted, etc  352
Maps joined, mounted, cut to fold, mounted with rollers, etc  750
Photostat prints fitted, joined, and mounted, etc  152
Official maps and charts repaired, mounted, etc  243
Field-books and miscellaneous books repaired, bound     34
Photos, pictures, sketches, etc., mounted     85
Maps reinforced to hang, with sticks     15
Wor~k done, Receipts and Credits, of Map-mounting Division.
Geographic and Survey Branches   $1,075.19
Lands Department ....'.        628.53
Other departments        295.80
Public           659.80
$2,659.32
Map Stock and Distribution.
Maps issued to departments and public        19,965
Gazetteers issued to departments and public   27
Maps received into Geographic stock—
(1.)  Provincial Government maps  .■  8,772
(2.)  Dominion Government and miscellaneous maps      829
         9,601
Cash receipts for printed maps and Gazetteers   $4,649.19
Credits (Lands Department) for printed maps and Gazetteers     1,163.40
Credits (Government Agents) for printed maps and Gazetteers        806.45
Value of printed maps and Gazetteers issued free to departments and
public        834.30
Photostat, 1933.
Requisitions—
Departments     413
Public     127
Charges—
Departments        $904.20
Public          543.10
Total  $1,447.30
Letters received
Year. and attended to.
1928  1,796
1929   2,548
1930  1,787
1931   2,259
1932   2,407
1933  j  3,118 APPENDIX TO REPORT OF SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
X 27
Standard Base Map Staff.
Standard Base Map Sheets produced.
Type of Work.
No. of
Sheets.
Vicinity of.
Scale
Area in
Sq. Miles.
9
5
3
20 ch. to 1 in.
1,000 ft. to 1 in.
40 ch. to 1 in.
660
South Vancouver Island	
South Vancouver Island	
370
920
The sheets on scale of 1,000 feet to 1 inch, also those on scale of 40 chains to 1 inch, were
specially prepared for Department of National Defence and Dominion Topographical Surveys
Branch, Ottawa.
Control nets were supplied as follows:—
Geographic Printed Maps.
Chilcotin Pre-emptors' Map.
Quesnel Pre-emptors' Map.
Wall Map of B.C.
Departmental Reference Maps, etc.
Surveys Branch Reference Maps Nos. 1, 3b, 5b, 5c, 11a, 19a,
21a, 100, 101.
Mineral Reference Maps.
Forest Branch Departmental Maps.
Water Rights Branch Departmental Maps.
Hydrographic Survey of Canada.
Geological Survey of Canada.
Photo-topographical Survey of Quesnel-Barkerville Area.
Triangulation, Computation, and Adjustment.
Least-square adjustments of the following triangulation control surveys were made during
the year:—
N. C. Stewart, B.C.L.S., season 1930, vicinity of Fraser Lakes.
Geological Survey of Canada, season 1919, vicinity of Barkerville.
The above necessitated the adjustment of 85 triangles and 98  calculations for latitude,
longitude, distance, azimuth, and reverse azimuth.
The following secondary nets were adjusted, and the geographical positions of the stations
involved calculated from rectangular co-ordinates:—
F. Butterfield, B.C.L.S., season 1926, vicinity of Barkley Sound, 34 stations.
W. J. H. Holmes, B.C.L.S., seasons 1925-30, vicinity of Nootka Sound, 336 stations.
N. C. Stewart, B.C.L.S., season 1930, vicinity of Fraser Lake, 104 stations.
The stations in vicinity of Nootka Sound were calculated by special request and for the use
of Hydrographic Survey of Canada.
The alphabetic card-index system for triangulation stations has been continued, 1,195 cards
being written during the year, making a total of 1,380 cards completed. These cards have
proved to be a considerable service to departments, both here and in Ottawa, and to surveyors
generally. It is estimated that, including points established by Coast triangulations, several
thousand stations remain to be recorded in this manner. X 28
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF LANDS, 1933.
Table D.—List of Lithographed Maps.
Map
No.
Year of
Issue.
Title of Map.
Scale,
Miles, etc.
Per
Copy.
Per
Dozen.
lA
lA
lex
IBM
lG
lH
1.TCA
1933
1933
1931
1930
1916
1933
1923
1923
1923
1923
1923
1923
1925
1929
1920
1914
1929
1923
1924
1927
1930
1926
1923
1922
1928
1921
1927
1931
1932
1932
1929
1924
1931
1927
19i3
1925
1913
1914
1926
1921
1923
1926
1927
1930
1931
1916
1929
1929
1929
1930
1927
1928
1928
1929
1929
1932
1930
1928
1907
1898
1896
Geographic Series—
Wall Map of British Columbia.    In four sheets.    Roads, trails,
railways, etc.
Wall Map of British Columbia.   In four sheets.    Roads, trails,
railways, etc.    Special edition showing Electoral  Districts,
Redistribution, 1932
British Columbia.    In one sheet.   Showing Land Recording Divisions
Kootenay, Osoyoos, and Similkameen.   Showing- Mining Divisions
Cariboo and adjacent Districts.    Showing Land Recording Divisions
British Columbia.    In one sheet.   Showing rivers, railways, main
roads, trails, parks, distance charts, etc.,
1:1,000,000
15.78 m. to 1 in.
1:1,000,000
15.78 m. to 1 in.
50 m. to 1 in.
7.89 m. to 1 in.
7.89 m. tol in.
1:1,000,000
15.78 m. to 1 in.
31.56m. tol in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
31.56m. tol in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
31.56 m. to 3 in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
7.89 m. to 1 in.
15.78 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 ni. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m, to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to ] in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
5 m. to 1 in.
$ m. to 1 in.
£ m. to 1 in.
5 m. to 1 in.
SI. 50
2.00
Free
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.75
.75
.75
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
lO
. <M
<» —.
|1
£ o
11°.
C  QJ  O
'SB'S
0)   r.
-3
.50
.50
.25
.25
.25
.25
.25
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.25
.50
.50
.50
2.00
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.50
.35
Free
.10
.10
.10
$14.00
20.00
1.50
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
lJC
ditto                         ditto                  and Land Recording Divisions.
4.00
4.00
1.TE
lJGL
ditto                         ditto                  and Assessment Districts	
ditto                         ditto                  and Land Registry Districts...
6.00
6.00
6.00
IK
South   Western   Districts  of   B.C.,   Commercial   and   Visitors.
(Economic Tables, etc., 1929.)
4.00
4.00
2a
2b
Land Series—
4.00
4.00
2c
4.00
2D
4.00
2e
4.00
2f
3a
3b
3c
Queen Charlotte Islands, Economic Geography (preliminary).  ...
Pre-emptors' Series—
4.00
2.00
2.00
2.00
+3d
Bulkley Valley    	
2.00
2.00
i3f
2.00
f3o
3h
2 00
2.00
3j
3k
2.00
2.00
2.00
3p
2.00
3Q
4a
Degree Series—
2.00
4.00
4.00
+4c
4d
2.00
2.00
4f
4g
4h
2.00
2.00
2.00
4j
4.00
4K
4.00
4L
East Lillooet, Economic Geography (contoured)..  	
4.00
4.00
4n
4p
5a
5b
5c
Topographical Series—
Howe Sound-Burrard Inlet (contoured), South sheet (special) ...
m                           ii                     ii             North sheet (special) ...
Geographical Gazetteer of British Columbia	
Mineral Reference Maps—Printed.
4.00
4.00
2.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
18.00
1 m. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
] ni. to 1 in.
20 m. to 1 in.
50 m. to 1 in.
10 m. to 1 in.
6,000 ft. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
4 00
mrm2
4.00
4.00
MRM4
4.00
4.00
4 00
PWD
MD
9
5
2
Miscellaneous—
2.50
On app.
.50
.50
.50
t In course of compilation.
Note.—To avoid misunderstanding, applicants for maps are requested to state the " Map Number " of map desired.
Information supplied of maps of British Columbia printed and published at Ottawa, by the Canadian Geological Survey, also
the Dominion Department of the Interior, etc., etc.
Inquiries for printed maps—Address :—
Chief Geographer, Department of Lands, Victoria, B.C. VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed liy I'HAIII.KK W. BiNfrtELD, Printer to tue King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1034.
800-334-6446   

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