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PART D ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1938

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 PART d
ANNUAL EEPOET
OF   THE
MINISTEE OF MINES
OP  THE   PROVINCE  OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA
Yeae Ended 31st Decembee
1937
PRINTED BY
AUTHOP,ITY  OF  THE  LEGISLATIVE  ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C. :
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1938. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. W. J. Asselstine, Minister.
John F. Walker, Deputy Minister.
James Dickson, Chief Inspector of Mines.
D. E. Whittaker, Provincial Assayer and Analyst.
P. B. Freeland, Chief Mining Engineer.
R. J. STEENSON, Chief Gold Commissioner. HUH
;SS:: tf%:!
,•-»•'
Nickel Plate Mountain, looking north from height  of land on   south  side  of Similkameen River.
4 % * %
Copper Mountain.  SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 3
PART D.
SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL MINERAL SURVEY DISTRICTS
(Nos. 3 AND 4).
BY
M. S. Hedley.
GENERAL SUMMARY.
The year saw somewhat less mining activity in Districts Nos. 3 and 4 than appeared
likely early in the season. This was due in part at least to the general economic uncertainty,
and with one notable exception little new interest was shown in base metals. Prospecting
appears to have been no more active than in recent years. The Geological Survey released a
preliminary map and report by Cairnes on the West Half of Kettle River Area, and D. Mc-
Naughton was engaged in completing geological mapping of the general Hedley-Princeton
Area.
The most noteworthy development was the reopening of Copper Mountain, begun during
the winter. Capacity production was attained during the late summer and all concentrates
are shipped to Japan.
Other centres of production have changed little. Gold Mountain closed down early in
the year, but production from Kelowna Exploration and Hedley Mascot has been very
satisfactory. Exploration-work on and in the vicinity of Nickel Plate Mountain has resulted
in new discoveries as well as extensions of minable ground.
Osoyoos Mines has installed a cyanide plant to treat its flotation tailings and is also retreating a considerable tonnage of tailings previously discarded. Fairview Amalgamated increased mill capacity to 150 tons per day, and at the end of the year commenced a new lower
adit-level.
The McArthur interests at Phoenix maintained a steady pay-roll, chiefly on the old
Granby and Brooklyn properties. Lessees in the general Boundary and Kettle River Districts
were active.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
Hedley Camp.
References.—Charles Camsell, Geological Survey, Canada, Memoir 2, 1910; H. S. Bostock,
Geological Survey, Canada, Summary Report, 1929, Part A; C. E. Cairnes, Geological Survey,
Canada, Preliminary Report, "Mineral Deposits of the West Half of Kettle River Area";
Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, British Columbia, 1901 to 1936, particularly 1901,
1903, 1906 to 1908, 1912, 1919, 1926, 1928, 1929, 1931, 1933 to 1936. The present writer included in 1936 a short summary of the principal geological features in the camp.
The beginning of the year showed some loss of confidence in the camp, but in middle and
late summer there was considerable new development, and increased rather than reduced
production is to be looked forward to.
Kelowna Exploration, as in previous years, has carried out a sound programme of mining
and development on the Nickel Plate property, and this year spent a large amount of money
erecting dwellings, bunk-houses, and a fine community hall at the mine camp. It optioned the
McNulty group on Apex Mountain and did considerable work before heavy snowfall forced
cessation of operations for the year. Late in the year it optioned twenty claims known as the
Tough-Oakes and other groups adjoining the Golden Zone, north of Hedley, and plans a
thorough exploration of this new ground during the coming season. This is an interesting
section because, although no great amount of mineralization has yet been found, geological
conditions appear distinctly favourable.
The results of mining at Hedley Mascot have been satisfactory, and geological examination has steadily progressed on the company's holdings. Diamond-drilling has shown the
presence of hitherto unknown mineralization which is to be explored by adit 500 feet below the
present working-level.
Trethewey Syndicate optioned two groups, the Toronto and Galena, and the Horse Fly
group, and after a total of some 7,000 feet of diamond-drilling the options were dropped. D 4 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
Canty Gold Mines (Hedley), Limited, which controls all of the late Dune Woods' holdings
on Nickel Plate Mountain, carried out an extensive exploratory programme on the Boston,
Pittsburgh, and Greenwood. Starting on ground almost entirely mantled by drift and with
only one or two showings of mineralization, stripping, diamond-drilling, and a geophysical
survey gave sufficiently encouraging results to warrant, late in the year, the erection of a
camp and the start of a 450-foot vertical shaft. The geology of this ground, while not yet
fully understood, is so different from that of the present operating mines that a brief description will be given.
A granodiorite dyke some 400 to 600 feet wide trends approximately north 80 degrees east
and at the known western end swings southward to be cut by a major fault which trends
north 30 degrees west. In the angle between the granodiorite and the fault mineralization
occurs in rocks that have suffered a high degree of metamorphism. These rocks have been
intimately shattered, in many places to an amazingly fine degree, and have suffered wholesale recrystallization in combination with introduction of materials from magmatic sources.
The resultant rocks are patchy, varicoloured aggregates of augite, epidote, albite, scapolite,
quartz, and rarely garnet, frequently seamed with feldspar, quartz, chloropal, and other
minerals. Originally they were undoubtedly sediments, but including dioritic dykes which
have also been altered. The extent and high degree of metamorphism prohibits structural
correlation and consequently makes the task of interpretation of drill-cores very difficult.
Mineralization is reported to have been encountered over commercial widths in drill-cores and
there is indicated a body or bodies of arsenopyrite mineralization which trends approximately
north 50 degrees east and dips very steeply. The shaft is planned to investigate this ground
to a depth of 450 feet and drifting will extend for a length of 400 or more feet. Further
exploration will be necessary to test the possibility of extensions. Actual rock excavation in
the shaft commenced late in January, 1938.
This is a public company with a capitalization of 2,000,000 shares, of which
Hedley Sterling 1,285,132 are issued. The registered office is at 475 Howe Street and the
Gold Mines, Ltd. business office is at Suite 6, 815 Hastings Street West, Vancouver. The
directors are E. L. Boultbee, A. P. Dawe, James Lightbody, L. J. Richards,
and H. B. Thomson; R. R. Steeves is secretary. The property consists of eight located
claims and one fraction situated on the east side of Sterling Creek. It is 9,000 feet in
length parallel to the creek, extending from below the main fork nearly to Similkameen
River.
Sterling Creek flows in a narrow, steep-sided valley, the eastern side of which rises in
timbered slopes broken by bluffs, at angles between 25 and 40 degrees, from an elevation of
about 2,000 feet to some 4,000 feet. The northern and north-eastern part of the property
is marked by prominent bluffs that rise precipitously above the Similkameen River flat.
The property is reached by a narrow road that leaves the Hedley-Princeton Highway 4
miles west of Hedley. It is 2% miles from the Similkameen River bridge to the Patsy No. 2
workings at the end of the road. The camp is situated at a point half-way up the creek and
from it a trail nearly a mile in length leads north-easterly to the Patsy No. 1 workings.
The rock formations consist of a thick series of steeply-tilted argillaceous sediments intruded by dykes and irregular masses of diorite. The sediments strike in general north to
north 40 degrees east and dip easterly at medium to steep angles. The detailed structure is
not known. The diorite is rather variable in character and is quite irregular in distribution;
the whole region contains dykes, stocks, and small irregular masses of this rock. There has
been no marked contact metamorphism produced by the diorite.
Included in the dark-coloured argillites is a band at least 200 feet in thickness which is
exposed on the east bank of Sterling Creek on the south end of the property and which contains the greater part of the Patsy No. 2 workings. This band consists of light-coloured
sediments, including impure calcareous rocks, cherts, limestones, and fine fragmental rocks
that are possibly tuffaceous.
Mineralization is of four kinds. In the Patsy No. 1 workings irregular weak fractures
in argillites are filled with narrow widths of pyrite, arsenopyrite, sphalerite, and traces of
chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite in quartz. Several hundred feet'north-easterly from the main
camp an irregular and discontinuous vein of white quartz bearing a little pyrite occurs in 0 Adit
at 8'
40"
Tr.
at 18'
68"
Tr. \
.        1                    W
|~40°
36"
1         26„
Tr.    L
Tr.   L
Spec
■zoJL
LEGEN D
Sedimentary rocks
Diorite dyke
Shear-zone
Fault underground
Bedding (Strike & Dip)
All sampling results shown
in Oz.Gold per ton.
Plan
Scale
40      20       0        20     40      60     80 100
Feet
0pen-Cui^~H|^Ei.276o'
No.3Adit___
No.2Adit__r3kEi.2B3o'
No. I Adit        ~~_VEI.2590'
/
ifjr*  \
Vertical   Projection
NOTE: Sampled intervals of drill
cores shown In solid black
'1 3'       '10
Hedley Sterling Gold Mines, Ltd., Patsy No. 2 workings.    Plan   and vertical projection on line of " O " adit, from compass survey. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 5
argillites. In the Patsy No. 2 workings five more or less bedded shear-zones in the lighter-
coloured sediments are locally mineralized with arsenopyrite and quartz in addition to pyrite
and some calcite; the arsenopyrite occurs in quartz veins and also locally as filling and replacement of cherty (silicified?) rock. One of these zones penetrates the darker argillites
and is there mineralized with calcite and pyrite.
The earliest reference to the property, then known as the Patsy, is given in the Annual
Report, Minister of Mines, British Columbia, 1927, page 240, when the two upper adits on the
Patsy No. 1 had been driven, and a bond was taken by American interests. In 1928 a little
more work was done on the Patsy No. 1. In 1931 Sterling Gold Mines, Limited, optioned
nine claims from Dan McKinnon and associates, the owners, and worked chiefly on the Patsy
No. 2 claim. The following year only two men were employed, and in 1933 the work was
financed by Canada Lode Gold Mines, Limited; Hedley Sterling Gold Mines, Limited, was
formed a year later. Work, under the management of Dan McKinnon, consisted of cross-
cutting, drifting, and diamond-drilling on the " O " adit-level, and was suspended in July,
1935.
Patsy No. 1 Workings.—These workings are on the Patsy No. 1 claim at the north-east
corner of the property, on the edge of prominent bluffs at an elevation of about 2,500 feet.
The rocks are argillites which dip, at this locality, steeply to the south, and are intruded by
diorite of irregular distribution, one apparently extensive body of which makes up the bluff
edge. Mineralization is in weak fractures and shears that cut across the bedding and appear
to die out in diorite.
There are three short adits. The "lowest or No. 3 adit, elevation 2,460 feet, consists of a
section 75 feet long averaging due south from the portal, from the end of which a crosscut
53 feet long trends south 85 degrees west. Twenty feet from the portal a branch trends south
35 degrees west for 45 feet. The portal of No. 2 adit, elevation 2,500 feet, is 42 feet at south
18 degrees east from the portal of No. 3; the adit is 95 feet long on a curving line in an
average direction of south 34 degrees west, and at 30 feet from the portal an underhand
stope is 15 feet long and 15 feet deep. No. 1 adit is completely stoped out, 25 feet above
No. 2, and was about 25 feet long. Above this uppermost adit the vein is continuously
exposed for 25 feet on the dip.
There is one principal " vein " exposed on the surface and in No. 1 adit, but it has not
been located in No. 2 adit. This " vein " strikes north 30 degrees east and dips 40 to 55
degrees north-westerly, and attains a maximum width of about 8 inches. It is a zone of weak
fracturing and shearing in which mineralization occurs as a filling of pyrite, arsenopyrite,
sphalerite, and rarely chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite in or accompanied by quartz and a little
calcite. Mineralization is commonly 3 or 4 inches or less wide; it is discontinuous and locally
" jumps " from one fracture to another, and even enters between bedding-planes at a large
angle to the general trend. When the structure passes into diorite the mineralization is very
weak.
A narrow, nearly parallel shear-zone 1 to 4 inches wide is disclosed in No. 2 adit—
mineralization on this zone is very light. A cross-zone 1 to 3 inches wide, dipping flatly
south-westerly, contains a little calcite and pyrite. A noticeable system of fracturing or
jointing dips about 40 degrees westward and occasionally mineralization may be seen on one
of these planes.
A sample of the mineralization in the bottom of the underhand stope returned: Gold, 2.44
oz. per ton. A sample of the nearly parallel shear in No. 2 adit returned: Gold, 0.10 oz. per
ton. At the toe of No. 2 dump are seventy-five sacks (about 4 tons) of sorted ore; a grab
sample from these returned:  Gold, 1.36 oz. per ton.
Some 750 feet north of the main camp and 40 feet higher in elevation is a series of
open-cuts. These are scattered irregularly along the steep grassy side-hill for 150 feet, and
disclose dark-coloured argillites which strike north 40 degrees east and dip steeply southeast. In two of the open-cuts vitreous quartz, 18 to 20 inches wide and sparsely mineralized,
appears to follow the bedding, but is evidently discontinuous. Two chip samples, one from
each of the cuts, returned only traces in gold.
Patsy No. 2 Workings.—The Patsy No. 2 workings are on the claim of the same name
at the south end of the property. The lowest or " O " adit is about 20 feet above the creek
and the highest open-cut is 200 feet higher on a bluff-covered 40-degree slope.    The ground D 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
continues to rise steeply to the east in wooded slopes with grassy cover and occasionally
broken by bluffs.
The sedimentary rocks strike a little east of north and dip at medium to steep angles into
the hillside. Fine-grained diorite dykes are quite common and some at least are sill-like in
attitude; most of the dykes are no more than a few feet in width. The sediments are predominantly dark-coloured argillites, but the lower part of the hillside, at least as high as the
uppermost cut, is made up of light-coloured fine-grained rocks which include impure limestone, chert, limestone, and what appear to be tuffs; these last are finely-granular grey rocks
containing small fragments of slaty material.
The best structural section is given by the " 0 " adit-crosscut. At the face dark argillites
dip steeply westerly and at 125 feet from the face the dip is steep to the east. From the
latter point the dip is increasingly flatter in the same direction, and at the portal is about
40 degrees easterly. The inner 320 feet of the adit is in dark-coloured argillaceous rocks and
the outer section, about equal in length, is in light-coloured assorted sediments. There is no
apparent contortion of the sedimentary series, although local changes in strike and dip of
several degrees are seen on the surface. There is no appreciable contact metamorphism
produced by the diorite dykes.
The " O " adit, 645 feet long at an assumed elevation of 2,500 feet, encounters five bedded
mineralized shear-zones known as Nos. 1 to 5 from the portal inwards. No. 1 adit and shaft
is at an elevation of 2,590 feet directly over the " O " adit at 80 feet from the portal of the
latter; the shaft is sunk 35 feet at 40 degrees on a shear-zone and the adit is driven 20 feet
into the hanging-wall. No. 2 adit, elevation 2,630 feet, is 50 feet east of the shaft and is 13
feet long; a mineralized zone shows in its face. No. 3 adit, elevation 2,710 feet, is 180 feet
north-easterly from the shaft; it is driven east 105 feet and discloses two mineralized shear-
zones and some mineralized cross-fractures in the inner 40 feet. Above No. 3 adit is a
7- by 12-foot open-cut 6 feet deep on one of the shear-zones intersected by the adit. This
open-cut is one of a series 300 feet long. Open-cutting has been done for 150 feet north of
the shaft on the shaft or No. 2 shear-zone and for 400 feet southerly at scattered intervals on
what are probably both No. 2 and No. 1 zones. A study of the accompanying plan and
section will show the distribution of the several workings and of the shear-zones.
About 750 feet north along the hillside and 50 feet lower in elevation than the upper
line of open-cuts are three small open-cuts in light-greenish cherty and limy sediments containing sparsely-disseminated pyrite and a trace of arsenopyrite accompanied by a very
little quartz.
As intersected by the " O " adit, No. 1 shear-zone is 80 feet from the portal and is drifted
on 32 feet south and 126 feet north. No. 2, No. 3, and No. 4, at 150, 190, and 275 feet from
the portal, are drifted on northerly for 57 feet, 56 feet, and 30 feet respectively. No. 5 zone,
400 feet from the portal, is drifted on northerly for 250 feet. An individual description of the
five shear-zones follows.
No. 1.—Mineralization occurs erratically within a bedded and poorly-defined shear-zone
of a maximum width of 6 feet in light-coloured fine-grained dense sediments. Arsenopyrite
and some pyrite occur in quartz accompanied locally by calcite or else as sulphide-filling and
replacement in the chert.
At the south end of No. 1 drift is a vague bedded zone of light shearing and shattering
containing a band 1 to 10 in.ch.es in width of quartz and arsenopyrite in varying proportions
as well as some calcite. At the crosscut a foot-wall band of 2 to 4 inches of gouge is 4 feet
below a hanging-wall band containing 2 to 6 inches of arsenopyrite, pyrite, quartz, and
calcite. North of the crosscut the hanging-wall band is similarly mineralized with an inch
to several inches of arsenopyrite and of quartz. At the fork in the level mineralization to a
maximum width of 10 inches appears irregularly in one or both of the bands, and in the
extreme face there is no mineralization except disseminated pyrite in the weakly-sheared
rock.    A steep fault is unmineralized.
No. 1 zone has not been developed on the surface but is perhaps represented in two open-
cuts 400 feet to the south of the " O " adit. These show several inches of oxidized material,
including arsenopyrite and quartz.
Four samples of selected arsenopyrite from No. 1 drift returned variable values in gold,
from 0.04 to 0.90 oz. per ton. Several channel samples shown on the assay-plan returned nil
in gold to 0.04 oz. per ton. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 7
No. 2.—No. 2 shear-zone is, on " O " adit-level, poorly defined. Mineralization consists
of tight-bedded lenses of arsenopyrite and some pyrite in chert accompanied by a little
quartz and calcite, % to 8 inches in width. Although the accompanying plan and section
are not strictly accurate, the No. 1 shaft is evidently on the same shear-zone. In the shaft
the zone dips 40 degrees and contains at the collar quartz 12 inches wide bearing lenses of
arsenopyrite. Half-way down the zone is widest, 6 feet, and contains a foot or more of
quartz, weakly mineralized with arsenopyrite. At the bottom of the shaft the zone splits
into a hanging-wall bedded section 6 to 12 inches wide and a steeper foot-wall section 12 to
36 inches wide, both consisting of oxidized rock. The hanging-wall split may connect with
No. 3 zone. Open-cutting to the north shows weakly-sheared sediments and in one open-cut
40 feet north there is a 2- to 10-inch zone containing quartz and arsenopyrite. Open-cuts to
the south are scattered and obscured and give little information.
A selected sample of arsenopyrite in No. 2 drift returned: Gold, 0.04 oz. per ton. Two
samples in the shaft on the south wall returned: (1.) 8 feet from the collar, 40 inches wide:
Gold, trace.    (2.) 18 feet from collar, 68 inches wide:  Gold, 0.16 oz. per ton.
No. 3.—On the " O " adit-level this is a 3- to 4-foot zone of weak shearing and light
brecciation with local calcite-filling and a little pyrite. The rock is finely-banded dark- and
light-coloured limestone. At the face a sample across a 19-inch shear-zone weakly mineralized with pyrite returned a trace in gold, and a selected sample of pyrite from stringers in
the hanging-wall of this zone returned:   Gold, 0.036 oz. per ton.
This zone may connect with No. 2 zone in the shaft, or may steepen and so be intersected
by No. 2 adit. In this adit, in the extreme face, is a 1- to 3-inch stringer of sulphide dipping
at 45 degrees;   this stringer widens upwards to 12 inches of quartz at the grass-roots.
No. U.—This is a poorly-defined shear-zone 3 feet wide on the hanging-wall of a 5%-foot
sill of diorite. Irregular and small calcite stringers are accompanied by a little pyrite. The
zone is not recognized on the surface.    No samples were taken.
No. 5.—This is a steeply-dipping shear-zone in dark, locally graphitic argillites, following the foot-wall of an altered diorite sill which is 7 to 8 feet wide on the " O " adit and 2
feet wide on the No. 3 adit. At the " O " adit-crosscut the hanging-wall of the 12-foot zone
consists of 8 inches of gouge beneath the dyke, between which and the foot-wall is sheared
rock. The foot-wall is drifted on for 30 feet, past which the hanging-wall zone is followed
throughout, and is 4 to 8 feet wide. The foot-wall zone diverges at 30 feet and is lost in the
west wall.
In the first 150 feet of drift there is very-little mineralization; some calcite and
scattered pyrite occurs in the crushed and sheared rock. Twenty-five feet past the first
timbered section a lens of quartz and calcite, 10 inches wide and sparsely mineralized with
pyrite, occurs in the hanging-wall. At 165 feet considerable calcite in stringers and lenses,
mineralized with pyrite, appears in the foot-wall, and at 175 feet the calcite is within 3 feet
of the hanging-wall. At 190 feet, at the second short westerly crosscut stringers and lenses
of calcite mineralized with heavy pyrite dip flatter than the main shear-zone and occur over
a width of nearly 5 feet in the foot-wall of the zone about 6 feet below the dyke. This zone
of calcite-filling becomes weak and poorly defined at the innermost westerly crosscut, and the
end of the drift is in firmer, grey sediments containing small irregular stringers of calcite
accompanied by a little pyrite.
No. 5 zone is intersected by No. 3 adit, at the face of which light-coloured sediments are
weakly sheared for 5 feet in the foot-wall of a 2-foot diorite sill. At 20 feet from the face
a 4-foot band of the sediments is weakly sheared and mineralized. At 30 to 40 feet from the
face are one bedded stringer and one cross-stringer of pyrite 1 to 3 inches wide, cut by a steep
fault.
No. 5 zone is again seen in the upper open-cut. Strong oxidation obscures the
character of material, but there is a foot-wall section 2 to 3 feet wide containing quartz and
arsenopyrite, in the hanging-wall of which is 3 to 4 feet of oxidized material. Open-cuts to
north and south show only light-coloured sediments and a little oxidized material.
Twenty-eight channel samples were taken across the zone as shown on the assay-plan and
two selected samples of pyrite, all in No. 5 drift. The highest of all of these returned: Gold,
0.05 oz. per ton. Two channel samples in No. 3 adit returned each a trace in gold, and one
selected sample of pyrite mineralization returned:   Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton.    Three channel D 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
samples from the upper open-cut returned from a trace in gold to 0.40 oz. gold per ton, the
latter representing the foot-wall section, 27 inches wide, on the north end of the open-cut.
Diamond-drilling.—Ten diamond-drill holes, aggregating 1,360 feet in length, have been
drilled from the " O " adit. These holes are plotted on the accompanying plan and section
from approximate measurements taken by the writer. Holes Nos. 1 and 2 were not located
and are plotted from a blue-print of the company.
The detailed log of the remaining core from these holes is not worth enumerating, although a few points are worthy of mention. Hole No. 8, from the face of the adit, encounters
dark-coloured argillaceous sediments and one 2-foot and one 23-foot section of diorite; two
closely adjacent sections of core are missing at 100 to 110 feet and have presumably been
assayed, but the results are not known. Holes Nos. 6, 7, 9, and 10 are drilled across No. 5
shear-zone, above and below the adit-level, and each cuts the diorite dyke. In hole No. 7 the
remainder of the split core is found in the core-boxes and shows adjacent to the dyke 2 feet of
dark argillaceous breccia containing pyrite cubes, next to which is 3 feet of whitish, apparently bleached, clayey sediments containing pyrite cubes; a split, similar section to the
latter is encountered at 34 to 40.5 feet. The presumably sampled core in the other three
holes has been removed from the core-boxes. Hole No. 3 was not drilled far enough to intersect No. 4 shear-zone and dyke, which indicates a probable warp in the structure. Holes Nos.
2, 4, and 5 do not give any significant information, particularly as in all but one instance the
sampled core has been entirely removed.
The nineteen sections of core which have presumably been sampled are shown graphically
on the accompanying section; most of these clearly represent the several shear-zones. There
is split core remaining in the core-boxes in only five sections (holes Nos. 2, 3, and 7), and none
of these contains mineralization materially different from that exposed in the near-by adits.
No samples were taken of the split core by the writer.
At the camp, framed and canvas-covered buildings are sufficient to house and feed a
small crew of men. At the Patsy No. 2 workings, alongside the creek, a framed structure
houses a small Diesel-driven compressor plant as well as a blacksmith-shop equipped with
steel-sharpener.    There is also a core-shed.
Summary.—On the Patsy No. 1 claim a narrow zone of shattering and shearing in
argillites is mineralized in widths from a fraction of an inch to a maximum of 8 inches,
and other narrow zones carry slight amounts of mineral. The mineralization, when strong,
carries good gold values, but these are more than offset by the smallness and irregularity of
the deposit.
On the Patsy No. 2 claim are five shear-zones which tend to follow the bedding of light-
coloured, in part calcareous and cherty sediments. The zones are not strong, mineralization
is discontinuous, and values over minable widths are not commercial. Occasional interesting
assays are obtainable of selected arsenopyrite in the lighter-coloured sediments. No. 5 zone
penetrates the darker argillites at depth and is there seen to be a fairly strong zone
mineralized sparsely with calcite and pyrite, and near the inner end of No. 5 drift the foot-
wall of the zone contains as much as 5 feet of calcite heavily mineralized with pyrite; values
in No. 5 drift are consistently low. Spotty values are indicated in the upper open-cut, but
mineralization is not persistent.
The belt of sediments is interesting, because in these arsenopyrite, containing variable
gold values, seems to occur in preference to the darker argillites. The mineralization so far
encountered, however, is weak and discontinuous. Exploration of the belt might, if it is
found to pass across or into an area which has been more structurally active, lead to the
discovery of more worth-while mineralization.
This public company, with a capitalization of 1,000,000 shares, has its
Hedley Yuniman registered office at 417 Metropolitan Building, 837 Hastings Street West,
Gold Fields, Ltd. Vancouver. The president of the company is J. W. Gallagher, of Hedley,
and the secretary is E. N. Rhodes Elliott, of Vancouver. The property comprises forty-four claims and fractions as well as eight Crown-granted claims held under
lease, the latter being known as the Yuniman sub-group.
The property is on Bradshaw Mountain, 7 miles east of Hedley. It covers the headwaters
of Bradshaw (15-Mile) Creek and extends south-easterly nearly to the drainages of Winters
(16-Mile), Olalla, and Cedar Creeks.    The lowest elevation is about 5,000 feet and the highest SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4).
D 9
nearly 7,000 feet. The section of ground on which most work has been done is on the
Yuniman sub-group, and is near an old cabin at an elevation of 6,050 feet on the north side
of Bradshaw Creek, a mile below the basin at the head of the creek.
The ground is rugged, but is only locally precipitous and is comparatively easy of access.
The summits are rounded and sparsely timbered, and bluffs are not plentiful except on the
borders of the property; much of the higher ground is used as summer range for cattle.
Timber is plentiful on parts of the property and is burned off in some sections. Water for
domestic purposes can be obtained from Bradshaw Creek and also in small quantities from
numerous springs at elevations in excess of 6,000 feet.
A pack-trail extends from Bradshaw's, on the Hedley-Keremeos Highway, up Bradshaw
Creek to the cabin, with a rise in elevation of 4,400 feet in the distance of approximately 51/.
miles. The trail then climbs rapidly an additional 500 feet nearly to the ridge, and then continues east to the head of Bradshaw Creek, whence trails lead to Apex Mountain and down
Shoemaker, Olalla, and Cedar Creeks. The route from Bradshaw is the easiest, climbing
rapidly through the lower canyon and continuing up the valley largely over slide materials.
LEGE N D
Dyke rock Y<-i&<
Trench or open-cut c___"J
Mineralized zone       	
k
No.I czp^Er^F^rW
El.6360'
No.2  <=■■	
C==$	
No. 3  c--J[irV-|
No.l Adit
El   6385'
El   6315'      \
No.4 czr: '<B
El. 6260' :v
Scale
Feet
Hedley Yuniman Gold Fields, Ltd.    Sketch-plan of part of property.
The geology of the region is illustrated in Cairnes' map and report on " West Half of Kettle
River Area," Geological Survey, Canada, Preliminary Report, 1937. Brief mention by
Bostock, Geological Survey, Canada, Summary Report, 1929, Part A, page 202, that Nickel
Plate Mountain is on the north-west limb of a major anticline and that the area under consideration is on the south-east limb and lower in the sedimentary series. The rocks are
mapped as predominantly sediments, including bands of volcanics, with a north-easterly
strike and steep dips. A large body of granodiorite occupies the upper reaches of Winters
Creek and extends almost to the Cedar Creek Divide; many dykes, most of which are dioritic
in composition, intrude the bedded rocks.
Of the rocks classed as sedimentary a large proportion are cherts, in addition to
argillaceous types. These cherts, or chalcedonic and quartzitic rocks, are frequently seen to
be fragmental, with sub-angular to angular fragments a fraction of an inch to several inches
in size, a fact usually to be seen only upon close inspection of weathered surfaces. Some of
these rocks are banded, supposedly representing bedding, and some are seen to grade into
argillaceous, volcanic, or dyke rocks. Replacive action by fine-grained silica has been proved
on a small scale in the case of hornfels and dyke-rock on the Yuniman sub-group, and it is
strongly to be inferred that siliceous replacement has been widespread. The limits of this
action, its focal points, and the structural and mineralogical significance are not known. D 10 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
Mineralization includes quartz veins and obscure zones of shearing and alteration, as well
as, in two places, manganese mineral. The metallic minerals are pyrite, arsenopyrite, and
rarely sphalerite and galena.
The accompanying sketch-plan shows the principal workings in the Yuniman sub-group,
on the Black Pine and Bush Rat claims. These workings are located a few hundred feet up
the steep grassy slope above the cabin previously mentioned. The three adits and two small
shafts were driven many years ago, and the longer trenches have been put in recently by the
present company. The rock in and about No. 1 adit is diorite, that at the west end of the
trenches is greenstone, in the central part of the trenches it is argillite, and the remainder of
the ground is predominantly " chert." The larger dykes are diorite, but there are also
dykes of feldspar porphyry, lamprophyre, and andesite, and the total number in this area
is large.    Overburden precludes accurate mapping.
No. 1 adit, elevation 6,385 feet, consists of a crosscut 50 feet long, driven on a steep fracture
bearing locally a little arsenopyrite, and a north-easterly drift 35 feet long on a mineralized
zone that dips steeply to the north-west. A shaft is sunk 5 feet on this zone 50 feet higher
in elevation. This is a tight, irregular, and poorly-defined shear-zone up to several inches in
width. The diorite-walls have been strongly bleached for several inches, but not apparently
sericitized. Mineralization is sparse and erratic and consists of pyrite and a little arsenopyrite, a trace of sphalerite and galena, and some quartz. A sample of selected material from
the dump at the shaft returned:   Gold, 3 oz. per ton;   silver, 3.5 oz. per ton.
No. 3 adit, elevation 6,315 feet, follows the same zone for 100 feet. The zone, between
chert-walls, is poorly defined and is a few inches wide, or else consists of two fractures 3 feet
apart; it splits near the inner face and is nowhere heavily mineralized. A raise has been
put up on the intersection with a northerly-trending vein to the level of No. 2 adit, and this
cross-vein has been drifted on for 18 feet in No. 2 adit, elevation 6,360 feet, and a shaft sunk
6 feet on it at a point 25 feet higher; it outcrops down the hillside at an elevation of 6,180
feet. The vein is 4 to 10 inches wide and is composed of vitreous quartz frozen to the walls;
in No. 2 adit additional %-inch stringers bring the total width locally to 16 inches. It is
mineralized sparingly with pyrite and arsenopyrite and has not the appearance of a strong
or continuous structure.
In the four long trenches there are several quartz veins, as shown on the sketch-plan.
These veins all strike west of north, dip steeply north-easterly, and are from XA inch to a
maximum of 14 inches wide. The commonest width is from 4 to 8 inches of crystalline,
vitreous quartz mineralized with varying amounts of pyrite and arsenopyrite. The veins do
not line up well, as exposed by the trenches, and are partly influenced by the presence of
dykes; the eastern ends of the two upper trenches are poorly stripped. The arsenopyrite
undoubtedly carries locally good gold values, but average values are hard to arrive at.
Samples returned:—
(1.)  No. 1 trench, 60 feet from west end, 4- to 5-inch vein:   Gold, 0.06 oz. per ton.
(2.)   No. 2 trench, 44 feet from west end, 4- to 14-inch vein:   Gold, 0.16 oz. per ton.
(3.)   No. 2 trench, 51 feet from west end, 3- to 6-inch vein:   Gold, 2.40 oz. per ton.
(4.)  No. 2 trench, 60 feet from west end, 4- to 8-inch vein:   Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton.
(5.)  No. 2 trench, 72 feet from west end, 6-inch vein:   Gold, trace.
The presence of a number of fractures in such a small area and the fact that high assays
are obtainable is undoubtedly interesting. Surface prospecting is the most satisfactory
method of development, and it is to be hoped that a continuation of this work will demonstrate
greater widths and continuity.
Over the remainder of the property, at widely scattered intervals, are a number of
shallow workings made for the most part many years ago. These will be given brief mention only.
North-west of the above workings some 1,600 feet and at an elevation of 6,300 feet is
a 10-foot shaft in dark argillite and black chert exposing a quartz vein, strike north 10
degrees east, dip 85 degrees east. The vein is up to 4 inches wide and contains arsenopyrite, locally in considerable quantity. Some 1,600 feet farther north-west is an 8-foot
shaft in dark cherty rocks exposing a shear-zone, strike north 10 degrees east, dip steep
to east. On this shear-zone there is an alteration to a clay-like material, but no apparent
mineralization.    On the Winters Creek slope just east of a triangulation station, elevation Horse Fly, Rollo, King, etc.    Topographical and geological map after surveys by company. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 11
6,836 feet, is a narrow, vertical, rusty shear-zone, striking north 75 degrees east, in a coarsegrained feldspar-porphyry dyke.
On the south-west side of the Winters-Cedar Creek Divide, elevation about 6,500 feet,
is a zone of oxidation which trends approximately north 30 degrees east and is apparently
continuous for several hundred feet. There is on this zone one small open-cut at the southwest end, one 200 feet to the north-east of this, and at 300 feet there is a 40-foot cut in the
end of which is a short, completely caved adit. All that can be seen in these workings is
rust-stained, finely broken, cherty material. At the headwaters of Bradshaw Creek just
short of the Olalla Creek Divide is some stripping in cherty rocks that show manganese-
staining.
Opposite the cabin, on the bluffs between Bradshaw Creek and the south-easterly branch,
at an elevation of 6,350 feet, is an approximately north-south zone of manganese-staining in
cherty rocks. This zone is about 150 feet long and is up to 15 feet wide, along which rhodonite occurs irregularly and apparently in pockets. A 12-foot shaft is sunk on a vague
shear-zone 3 to 4 feet wide, strike north 20 degrees west, dip steeply north-easterly, containing some pyrite and arsenopyrite.
Five  claims,  the  Horse  Fly,  Rollo,  King,  Princeton,   and  Banner,  were
Horse Fly, Rollo, optioned   by   the   (J.   E.)    Taylor   Holdings   Company   and   in   1937   the
King, etc. group was under option to Trethewey Syndicate.    In this syndicate Brett -
Trethewey   Mines,   Limited,   Northern   Canada   Mining   Corporation,   and
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Limited, hold equal interest.
The Rollo is the oldest claim in the Hedley District, having been staked by Peter Scott
in 1897; the Horse Fly, Princeton, and King were staked, also by Peter Scott, in 1898. The
group lies on the western slope of Nickel Plate Mountain in the angle between the Nickel
Plate gravity and electric tramways, on the south side of Horsefly Gulch. The ground is
steep and locally precipitous, with, except on parts of the Banner claim, a quite thick covering
of timber. Rock-exposures are abundant, particularly where the slopes are steeper than
the dip or cut the bedding at an oblique angle, as on the Banner; elsewhere dip-slopes show
the underlying rocks, but not always strictly in place, and considerable talus blocks the
bottom of Horsefly Gulch.
The road from Nickel Plate mine to Hedley Mascot passes the north-east corner of the
Horse Fly, giving easy access to the upper part of the property. Both the tram-line and
trail from Hedley to the Nickel Plate cross the Banner and skirt the east side of the Horse
Fly, and a branch trail leads to the lower workings on the Rollo. Timber is plentiful, but
water is limited to the needs of a very small camp.
Geology.—The geology of Nickel Plate Mountain has been described in detail by Cam-
sell and Bostock, and no new or distinctive features are recognized on this group. The
sediments include both Sunnyside and Nickel Plate beds with low westerly dips and very
little contortion. Intrusive into these are masses of diorite, in part as sills, and some
gabbro is seen, of the whitish altered variety, principally on the upper part of the Horse Fly
claim. The accompanying map shows the distribution of intrusives and sediments, without
differentiation of either.
The Sunnyside limestone is exposed on the south-east corner of the Banner, succeeded
by the Sunnyside productive and Nickel Plate lower siliceous beds. The lower siliceous beds
outcrop also on the eastern part of the Horse Fly and a band extends down to and widens
on the Princeton and north-east corner of the Rollo. Beds of the Nickel Plate formation
outcrop on the Rollo and northernmost part of the Banner. It is not known with certainty
which those sediments are, stratigraphically, in Horsefly Gulch and on the northern part of
the Horse Fly claim, as the known beds cannot be traced through, and the few exposures
do not afford sufficient evidence for correlation on the basis of lithology. They are probably
Nickel Plate.
The diorite, displaying almost everywhere a porphyritic habit with prominent hornblende, shows a strong tendency to follow the bedded structure in the form of sills. This
is not universal, and that mass in Horsefly Gulch is undoubtedly stock-like. Several inclusions of sediments are known completely within the diorite, and crosscutting relations may
be observed in many places even where the general distribution of diorite is sill-like. The
diorite locally merges into the sediments, both the fine-grained " cherty " and coarse-grained D 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
silicate types, and isolated patches and bands in sediments show random hornblende and
feldspar crystals which are not normally developed during metamorphism; some of such
patches and bands pass into diorite proper and some show no apparent connection with the
diorite.
There seems to be very little folding or contortion of the sediments. Changes in
attitude are noticed, but these are not systematic and no definite anticlines or synclines are
developed. There is, rather, a local and slight warping, not surprising in view of the
extensive intrusions. The only prominent and continuous flexure appears to lie just south
of the prominent nose on the Rollo claim, and it is here that most mineralization is localized
on this claim. Metamorphism is, on most of the property, quite intense, particularly on the
Rollo. and coarse-grained silicate rocks are plentifully developed.
Mineralization is of two sorts—(a) following shears and fractures, adjacent to which
sulphides may penetrate, where favourable, the surrounding rocks for relatively short distances, and (6) "massive" mineralization of inclusions of sediments or of highly-altered
sediments nearly surrounded by diorite. Sulphides include arsenopyrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite,
chalcopyrite, in a rock gangue; in a few instances a very little crystalline quartz accompanies
the sulphides. In some cases the sulphides, particularly arsenopyrite, are related to calcite
which may represent segregations from limy sediments, recrystallized limestone, or, more
rarely, small calcite veinlets.
The workings on the group, principally open-cuts, were opened up many years ago and
are now badly oxidized or caved in, or both. Many are unrelated and some represent simply
surface scratching on indications of mineralization.
Near the north-east corner of the Horse Fly is a shear-zone, strike north 80 degrees west,
dip 70 degrees south, traced for 300 feet by surface workings (1) to (5). It has also been
intersected by diamond-drilling to a depth of 400 feet and proved to be a very uniform structure 6 inches to 3 feet wide. (2) is an 8-foot shaft and (3) is a 15-foot shaft. The shear-
zone cuts through sediments and diorite alike and is mineralized with arsenopyrite, pyrrhotite,
pyrite, and chalcopyrite in a gangue of silicified material and accompanied by a little calcite
and crystalline quartz. The mineralization follows a well-defined and narrow zone of shearing and, in (2), spreads north along a favourable bed 6 to 8 inches wide for 10 to 12 feet;
this following of the bedding appears to be strictly local.
A second shear-zone 100 feet to the south, strike north 75 degrees west, dips about 45
degrees southerly and is traced for 70 feet by (6) and (7). These two open-cuts disclose a
tight shear-zone 1 to 1% feet wide in garnetiferous sediments, mineralized with arsenopyrite,
pyrrhotite, pyrite, and chalcopyrite. Both Assuring and mineralization definitely cut the
bedding, but follow it locally and tend to jump across some beds.
On the edge of Horsefly Gulch are three apparently unrelated open-cuts. In (8) diorite,
locally at least, cuts the bedding, on the foot-wall contact of which, strike north 30 degrees
west, is a broken zone a few inches wide which is mineralized, and from which mineralization
spreads outwards into the limy sediments. This is seen on a 6- by 8-foot face and amount
and continuity of mineralization are obscure. In (9) in the foot-wall of a similar diorite
contact, silicified limestone contains a fine dusting of sulphides. (10) discloses several steep
fracture-planes striking from north-east to east, and a discontinuous crushed zone, 4 to 6
inches wide, bearing arsenopyrite and dipping nearly parallel to the hillside in dense silicified
limestone. Farther west at (11) is an open-cut on a diorite-contact, strike north 30 degrees
west, dip 65 degrees south-westerly, on the foot-wall of which, beneath limestone, strike north
10 degrees west, dip 15 to 20 degrees west, is 4 feet of limestone shot through with grains,
small stringers, and masses of crystalline quartz, and mineralized with arsenopvrite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, and pyrrhotite. The total amount of mineralization and the localizing factors
are obscure. At (12) is a small open-cut in copper-stained cherts and also garnetite, bearing
chalcopyrite, and 100 feet lower on the hillside is a bed of dense green silicate rock, between
sheets of diorite, mineralized with disseminated arsenopyrite.
On the north side of the Rollo is a large inclusion of garnetite which, particularly at
(13), is mineralized with chalcopyrite. The garnetite is massive and contains lenses and
irregular masses of coarse calcite up to several feet across, which latter appear to have been
segregated from the original rock during metamorphism. The chalcopyrite, and a little
pyrrhotite, is in stringers, small masses and disseminations, with no systematic occurrence.
One open-cut is on a faintly discernible zone parallel to the steep hillside and contains locally SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 13
a 12-inch strand heavy in chalcopyrite. On the nose of the ridge at (14) is a small inclusion
of garnetite and limy silicate rock which fades into diorite. In an open-cut is seen scattered
arsenopyrite and less pyrite and chalcopyrite; the whole inclusion would appear to be
mineralized.
Farther south on the trail, near an old cabin on the Rollo claim, are a number of shallow
workings, (15) to (20). These are on a sharp structural flexure which presumably extends
up to the top of the ridge at (21). The lowest open-cut is in altered limy sediments and
limestone, containing bands of pyrite up to V2 inch wide, and some pyrrhotite. The next
above shows an unmineralized contact between grey limestone and cherty sediments, and the
next (17) limy sediments and a band of coarse calcite. (18) is a large open-cut in which are
two 12-foot adits, just beneath the same band of calcite, and is in sediments including some
epidote-garnet rock bearing arsenopyrite in lenses a few inches to 2 feet in width. At the
southernmost adit is a mass of nearly solid arsenopyrite, apparently an 18-inch band dipping
steeply to the north-west; this material is oxidized and stained pink and green, but a sample
returned nil in nickel and cobalt. (19) is a 12-foot adit in limy sediments; a little arsenopyrite and chalcopyrite is seen on the dump. (20) is a cut in strongly-altered sediments
containing some scattered mineralization in oxidized material.
Above, on presumably the same flexure, is a cut (21) in garnet-epidote rock. A zone up
to 2 feet wide and associated with a central fissure bears considerable epidote, with which is
associated prominent arsenopyrite. (22) and (23) are two cuts on formation, the former
containing, in garnetite, a little arsenopyrite in glassy quartz with no vein form. At (24)
are two similar cuts.
In flatly-dipping limestone and fine-grained siliceous sediments at (25) are interlacing
bands, badly oxidized, but apparently of solid arsenopyrite accompanied by some pyrite. The
maximum width is 6 inches and the average 3 inches or less. The bands are irregular and
form a fracture pattern in part parallel with the bedding but also cutting it. The remaining
open-cuts show only traces of mineral except in (26), where arsenopyrite, both bunchy and
disseminated, occurs with a little pyrrhotite, pyrite, and chalcopyrite in coarse-grained silicate
rocks.
Four samples were taken of selected material with intent to see whether the more solid
arsenopyrite carries high gold values or not. The taking of representative or average
samples is not possible in view of the condition of most of the workings.
(1.) (25) northern open-cut, bands of solid arsenopyrite: Gold, 1.61 oz. per ton; silver,
trace.
(2.) (25) southern open-cut, heavy red oxide: Gold, 1.78 oz. per ton; silver, 0.42 oz.
per ton.
(3.) (21) selected chip sample of better arsenopyrite: Gold, 0.86 oz. per ton; silver,
0.2 oz. per ton.
(4.) (18) heavy arsenopyrite from near southern adit: Gold, 0.58 oz. per ton; silver,
0.02 oz. per ton;  nickel, nil;  cobalt, nil.
The Trethewey Syndicate in the fall of 1937 did 5,285 feet of diamond-drilling in twelve
holes on the Rollo and Horse Fly claims under the direction of V. Dolmage and Stan. Duffell.
Four exploratory holes were put down on and near the ridge on the Rollo (see map) and the
geologic section was crosscut by this means down to the Sunnyside limestone. Two holes
were drilled some 200 feet south-east of (10) in the hope of intersecting commercial mineralization, and one hole was drilled on the east border of the Horse Fly to investigate on this
claim a fracture seen on the Terrier. The northernmost shear-zone (1) to (5) was cut by
four holes to a depth of 400 feet and was shown to be a very uniform structure differing in
no essential respects from the surface showings. A single hole cut the near-by shear-zone
(6) and (7) and was continued to cut the northernmost one also. Mineralization encountered in this drilling campaign proved to be sub-commercial, and the option was relinquished
in December.
The close relation of most of the observable mineralization to zones of shearing and
fracturing is in contrast with that at the Nickel Plate. Mineralization of beds adjacent to
these " feeders " has taken place, but in all observed cases the effect has been distinctly local.
The two inclusions at (13) and (14) are well mineralized and it may be assumed that these
represent remnants of once more extensive bodies, now removed by erosion, together with D 14 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
considerable of the upper part of the Nickel Plate formation. The metamorphism on this
group is characteristically garnetiferous, and may be contrasted in this respect with that
found in and about much of the commercial mineralization on Nickel Plate Mountain, in which
epidote, albite, scapolite, and augite are prominently developed. Most of the diamond-
drilling was done with the intention of proving the existence of bedded mineralization in the
neighbourhood of the relatively small " feeders."
Hedley (20-Mile) Creek Area.
This company, capitalized at 1,350,000 shares, has its registered office at
Golden Zone    524 Vancouver Block, Vancouver.    J. A. Collins is president and J. Foss
Mines, Ltd.      Weart is secretary.    The property consists of four Crown-granted claims,
under option, and the company controls in addition eight surrounding claims
and one fraction.    The property is about 7 miles north-east of Hedley at an elevation of about
6,000 feet, on the west side of a rounded summit that lies between several branches of Hedley
(20-Mile)  Creek drainage.
This is part of the dissected plateau-surface which reaches an elevation, half a mile to the
east, of 6,200 feet. The topography is subdued in this vicinity; drift-covered flats and gentle
slopes are quite heavily timbered and rock-outcrops are not plentiful. There is consequently
abundant timber for mining purposes, but water, except for domestic use, will have to be
brought a considerable distance by ditch or flume.
An old wagon-road, 12 miles in length leading up Hedley Creek from Hedley, was reconditioned in 1936 and made fit for automobile traffic. In the drier part of the year it is
possible, as a short cut from Penticton, to drive north from the old Nickel Plate-Penticton
Road a distance of 6V2 miles to the property, although the return trip is very difficult.
The mineral deposit occurs partly in sediments that form a fairly large area completely
surrounded by members of the Okanagan intrusives, and partly in the intrusive granite.
The sediments are locally argillaceous, limy, and cherty types and include a minor amount
of greenstone. They are of Permian or Triassic age. They are intruded by a fine-grained
biotite granite, south of which is coarser-grained granite slightly younger in age, and all
rocks are intruded by porphyritic granite which lies a few hundred feet to the south-east.
Post-mineral dykes of andesitic composition are a few inches to a few feet wide; these are
fine-grained granular green rocks containing prominent vesicular cavities. The mineral
deposits are quartz veins and replacements in both fine-grained granite and in sediments
near the contact with the latter.
The four Crown-granted claims, Golden Zone, Silver Bell, B.C., and Irish Boy, were staked
in 1900, and after some development, which included sinking the A and B shafts 115 and 47
feet respectively, a mill was built in 1908. The mill was operated only for a very short time,
due, it is said, to shortage of water, and during the next three or four years very little
development-work was done, chiefly on the surface. In 1930 a local syndicate took over the
property, and during that year and the two following more surface work was done and an adit
was driven at a point several hundred feet west of the two shafts. Following some diamond-
drilling and sampling in 1936, the present company was formed in October of that year.
A quartz vein 2 to 4 feet wide, in granite, is traced by open-cut and natural exposure
from near B shaft, 550 feet west, past a prominent rock draw. The vein is faulted 100 feet
to the north past this draw. An adit, elevation 5,790 feet, is driven from near the bottom of
the draw westerly for 115 feet; the vein is intersected at a small angle 75 feet from the
portal and is drifted on from there to the face, where it is faulted a distance of 3 feet. Midway between the adit and B shaft it is faulted 45 feet; a narrow stringer lies 6 to 10 feet
in the foot-wall of the vein for a short distance on both sides of the draw.
The vein has a steep dip to the south and represents a simple fissure-filling of hard,
vitreous, and locally crystalline and drusy quartz. It averages perhaps 3 feet in width,
is up to 4 feet wide as exposed on the surface, and in the adit has a maximum width
of 6 feet. It is mineralized with pyrite, sphalerite, and a little chalcopyrite. This vein
carries low values in gold and silver. A selected sample from the dump of the adit, containing
more sphalerite than pyrite, returned: Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton; silver, 8 oz. per ton; a grab
sample from the dump returned:   Gold, trace;  silver, 1.2 oz. per ton. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4).
D 15
B shaft, said to be 47 feet deep, is on a parallel vein 30 feet to the south. This vein is
poorly exposed for a distance of 40 feet west and little can be seen as to its character.
Material on the dump has the appearance of a replacement type rather than vein-quartz, and
contains arsenopyrite and pyrite.
Surface    Workings
LEGEND
Scale
I Feet
Granite ~>>>^ 5
Andesitic dyke WMM
Quartz VBB
Fault zone {an surface)       —-a—"
Fault zone (underground) .—*-—
Golden Zone Mines, Ltd.    Plan of principal, surface, and underground workings after surveys by company.
East of B shaft conditions are very different and a number of open-cuts partly expose the
geology, as illustrated on the accompanying map. There is rather more granite than shown,
east of B shaft, but the rotten nature of the rock and the irregular distribution make accurate
mapping difficult. A study of the accompanying map, both surface and underground, will
give a better idea of the geology than any verbal description. It is at once apparent that
east of the granite-contact proper the quartz is exceedingly irregular;   a width of 12 feet, D 16 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
well mineralized with arsenopyrite, is seen in the large cut north-east of B shaft. Other
widths and degrees of mineralization are extremely variable. Near the widest quartz a pile
of selected material shows very heavy sulphide, both pyrite and arsenopyrite, and some of
the latter is extremely fine-grained. A sample of solid sulphide from this pile returned:
Gold, 1.94 oz. per ton; silver, 10 oz. per ton. The surface rocks are finely shattered, and in
only a few instances is the quartz well exposed, so that details of widths and attitudes cannot
be obtained.
Four diamond-drill holes were put down from the surface to intersect the vein or veins
at depth. The core recovered was so badly broken that the information gained was of little
positive value, but mineralized quartz was intersected.
"A" shaft was originally put down 115 feet at an average inclination of 72 degrees and
a small amount of drifting done. The present company did considerably more drifting on
this No. 1 level and sank the shaft vertically a further 100 feet to No. 2 level, on which
latter level drifting was still in progress at the close of 1937. All of the ground is shattered
and blocky and the larger faults form broad zones of gouge. The sediments dip 60 degrees
westerly and are cut by irregular masses of granite and by an easterly-dipping system of
post-mineral dykes (not mapped on No. 2 level, 20 feet west of the shaft). A fault-zone on
No. 1 level, 130 feet west of the shaft, was caved at the time of the writer's visit in December,
and the geology of the inner section, here illustrated, is taken solely from the company's maps.
The quartz occurs as fissure-fillings of small size, and as filling and replacement bodies
of all widths up to 12 feet, which tend to fade into the formation; widths and attitudes are
irregular. The quartz is mostly white and friable and is locally vaguely banded. Mineralization is in contrast with that on the surface; it consists almost entirely of pyrite, which
occurs in two instances as nearly solid bands a few inches wide, as pockets, as stringers and
scattered aggregates, and as fine platy smears. There is locally a little sphalerite, a very
little arsenopyrite, and rarely a silvery mineral, jamesonite.
The quartz is partly offset by and partly follows the faulting, forming a rudely coordinate pattern, complex in detail. Not all of the faulting is later than the introduction of
quartz, and part at least of the wide quartz is influenced by movement at a large angle to
the dominant east-west strike. There are several narrow, approximately east-west strands,
one of which is encountered in the shaft about 35 feet above No. 1 level.
Values, according to the company's sampling, are quite variable in the wider sections of
quartz, including many low assays; better values, from a large fraction of an ounce to 2 oz.
and higher, are to be found in the narrower, east-west strands. This is borne out by the
writer's sampling, as follows:—
(1.) Face of No. 2 level drift, as mapped, main quartz 75 inches wide: Gold, trace;
silver, 0.5 oz. per ton.
(2.) Face of No. 2 level drift, selected sample of best-mineralized material on foot-wall,
including a very little sphalerite:   Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton;   silver, 10.5 oz. per ton.
(3.) No. 2 level drift, 24 feet from face, 40 inches on foot-wall of main lead: Gold, 0.01
oz. per ton;   silver, 0.6 oz. per ton.
(4.) No. 2 level drift, 36 feet from face, stringer of heavy pyrite 4 inches wide on foot-
wall of main lead:   Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton;   silver, 6 oz. per ton.
(5.) No. 2 level, roughly chipped sample across approximately 8 feet of quartz, 70 feet
west of shaft:   Gold, 0.06 oz. per ton;   silver, 0.6 oz. per ton.
(6.) No. 1 level, at fork 55 feet north-west of shaft; narrow 1- to 3-ineh stringer: Gold,
0.74 oz. per ton;   silver, 1.2 oz. per ton.
(7.) No. 1 level, south-easternmost drift, 22 feet from face, quartz 45 inches wide:
Gold, trace;   silver, 0.4 oz. per ton.
(8.) In shaft, about 35 feet above No. 1 level, across a vein-zone from 8 to 18 inches
wide and here 10 inches wide:   Gold, 1.30 oz. per ton;   silver, 0.6 oz. per ton.
In summary, from about B shaft and west is a steeply-dipping fissure-vein in granite,
mineralized with pyrite, sphalerite, and a little chalcopyrite. East of this point, in sediments
containing small, irregular masses of granite, are irregular fissure-fillings and replacement
bodies of quartz, with steep dips and all widths up to 12 feet. These bodies have a general
east-west strike, but also tend to follow, and are partly offset by, a somewhat later set of
fissures that strike roughly north and south.    The mineralogy also is in contrast with that SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 17
farther west; here sphalerite is very rare, and arsenopyrite, while rare underground, is
locally abundant on the surface. In comparison with the surface it might be assumed that
underground the body or bodies will die out to the east, and in crossing the general granite-
contact to the west will change in form and mineralogy, but this has not been proved.
Values, in badly-broken country, are erratic, and frequently low, except in some of the
narrower east-west strands.
References.—Geological Survey, Canada, Memoir 2, page 204; Geological Survey,
Canada, Preliminary Report, " Mineral Deposits of West Half of Kettle River Area," page
24;   Annual Reports, Minister of Mines, British Columbia, 1930-1932.
Keremeos Creek.
Gold Valley Mines, Limited, was incorporated in April, 1936, to take over
Gold Valley     the undertakings  of a  private company of the same name,  on  property
Mines, Ltd.      originally acquired by Olalla Mines, Limited, two years previously.    The
head office of the company is 417 Vancouver Block, Vancouver.    The total
capitalization is 3,000,000 shares.
The property consists of nineteen claims and fractions, five of which are Crown-granted.
It is situated on the west side of Keremeos Creek, just below Olalla. The Penticton-
Keremeos Highway crosses the eastern margin of the property 28 miles from Penticton
and between 3 and 4 miles north of Keremeos.
The property flanks the flat bottom of the Keremeos Creek Valley and lies on steep and
precipitous slopes that rise to summits in excess of 6,000 feet, 10 miles south-east of
Nickel Plate Mountain. Grassy and bluff-covered slopes rise from the valley-bottom at
angles between 20 and 35 degrees, and are dissected by occasional dry gullies.
The property is divisible into two sections; one, the Sunrise section, immediately south
of Olalla, is served by trail a few hundred feet in length from the highway. The
Something Good section, nearly a mile to the south, is reached by an excessively steep switchback trail that climbs to a height of 1,000 feet above the highway. Sufficient mining-timber
is to be found, and water for the Sunrise section is obtained from Olalla Creek, while at the
Something Good water is obtained from the mine-workings and also from a spring 1,000
feet to the north.
Equipment and buildings include a blacksmith-shop at each of the Something Good adits,
and a portable compressor at the No. 2 adit supplies air to both. A crudely-constructed
aerial tram equipped with wooden " buckets " of small capacity leads from the No. 1 adit to
a 60-ton bin near the road. On the Sunrise section a frame building houses a semi-permanent
compressor installation and also a steel-sharpener. A building a few hundred yards distant
in Olalla has been used as a bunk-house. B. C. McDougall has been in charge of a small and
variable crew for the past year, except for a suspension of operations during excessively cold
weather during the greater part of February and March of 1937.
The rocks of the region consist of a thick sedimentary series intruded by pyroxenite,
granite, and some dioritic rock. The sediments are fine-grained and commonly dark-coloured
argillites, cherts, and quartzites and less calcareous material, all possessing a blocky fracture.
Interbedded with the sediments is greenstone which represents in part at least andesitic lava
and perhaps local bands of tuff. The amount of greenstone is not known, but is clearly
subordinate, and is not seen in the mine-workings.    The structure of these rocks is not known.
Two prominent intrusive rocks are pyroxenite and granite. The former is a medium-
to coarse-grained rock, light to dark green in colour, consisting almost entirely of augite and
including a little biotite; it is found both east and west of Keremeos Creek Valley. One
large body on the Something Good and Great Eastern claims is, at the elevation of No. 1
adit, nearly 2,000 feet wide and trends up and down the hillside; an offshoot from this body
passes immediately south of the adit. A second body, of unknown extent, occurs on the
No. 2 Fractional. The pyroxenite weathers to a light green sandy soil. A body of pink
soda granite outcrops at the north end of the property and near Olalla. Some dioritic rock
is also to be seen, part of which may be a border phase of the granite and part appears to be
a dyke; outcrops are too scarce to show the distribution and relationships of these intrusives,
but they are all pre-mineral.
2 D 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
Mineralization is entirely different at the two ends of the property. At the south end,
on the Something Good, a shear-zone in argillites and quartzitic sediments contains in one
place small cross-stringers of quartz, and in this section a brecciated foot-wall seam contains
gold values. On the Sunrise claim are several small veins of white quartz, in granite and
pyroxenite, weakly mineralized with pyrite. One of these veins is seen to contain a lens 3
inches wide mineralized with galena and copper sulphides in addition to pyrite.
Something Good Section.—A shear-zone in argillites and quartzitic sediments outcrops on
the face of prominent bluffs at an elevation of about 2,600 feet and upwards for 100 feet and
more. At the base of the bluffs the rock is pyroxenite, which consists of one large body with
an offshoot 100 feet wide in the angle between which lies the shear-zone, apparently in both
vertical and horizontal section.
The shear-zone, at the lowest point seen, at No. 1 adit is about 4 feet wide and widens
upwards to 16 feet, 40 feet above the adit. From the latter point, partly covered by talus and
again exposed 50 feet higher on a vertical face, the shear-zone is seen to be a branching
structure of sheared and shattered rock. A further 100 feet higher it is lost in overburden
and cannot be traced with certainty beyond this point. From 20 to 40 feet above the adit the
shear-zone is transected diagonally by narrow quartz stringers striking north 60 degrees west
and attaining a maximum width of 3 inches. Some little quartz is also seen as breccia-filling
in this section and part has also been brecciated together with the surrounding rocks; the
distribution of quartz is erratic and the total percentage low.
No. 1 adit, 1,035 feet above the road at an elevation of about 2,600 feet, is, at the portal,
30 feet south of the main body of pyroxenite and 40 feet north of the offshoot of the same
rock. It follows the foot-wall of the zone, in sediments, for 350 feet, in which distance it
curves gradually from south 75 degrees west to south 55 degrees west. No. 2 adit, 200 feet
lower in elevation on the 35-degree slope, is driven south 73 degrees west for 315 feet to a
point vertically below the portal of No. 1 adit; from the face a 25-foot crosscut is driven
north 40 degrees west. No. 2 adit is in pyroxenite for its entire length and contains no
apparent mineralization.
Measurements in No. 1 adit have been taken from a point vertically below the edge of a
single set of lagging 15 feet above the rail, and which is 12 feet from the edge of the rock-cut
at the portal of the adit. For the first 300 feet the adit follows a smooth wall which dips at
a very high angle northerly; the adit then crosses into the foot-wall, and at 350 feet a crosscut is driven north-west 24 feet to intersect the shear-zone again. In the first 110 feet there
is, adjacent to the smooth wall which is the foot-wall of the shear-zone, 6 to 26 inches of more
or less cemented brecciated material, which consists of argillaceous and quartzitic rock and a
varying but subordinate amount of vein-quartz, and contains small amounts of scattered
pyrite in both fragments and cement. The cement seems to be entirely calcite, and in no part
is this breccia material strongly coherent; the fragments are rarely as large as walnuts, and
much of the material is of the coarseness of coarse sand. In the hanging-wall of this zone of
crushing are shattered and sheared argillaceous and quartzitic sediments, the darker of which
are frequently graphitic; these grade into firm ground and may or may not be sharply
marked off from the foot-wall zone. From 80 to 110 feet the foot-wall zone becomes less
marked, and in this distance grades from a few inches to a foot of finely-crushed and partly-
cemented argillite into 1 to 3 inches of gouge.
From 110 feet from the portal in to the face the foot-wall slip is accompanied by an inch
or so to nearly a foot of gouge or strongly sheared argillite, in many places graphitic. The
remainder of the ground exposed in this inner 240 feet of the adit consists of dark-coloured
argillaceous to cherty rock sheared and brecciated to a greater or lesser extent, and containing occasional veinlets and tiny lenses of calcite as well as sparse and erratically disseminated pyrite. A crosscut extends 25 feet north of the foot-wall at a point 175 feet from the
portal, and shows merely shattered and sheared dark argillites.
Sampling.—In No. 1 adit holes have been drilled in foot-wall, hanging-wall, and back to a
depth from collar between 4 and 5 feet, averaging about 4% feet. Holes are drilled into the
foot-wall at 5-foot intervals between 148 and 342 feet and into the hanging-wall between 148
and 348 feet; holes are drilled at 10-foot intervals upwards in the back from 150 to 340 feet.
Sludge samples are reported to have been taken from all of these holes, 100 in number, but
the assay returns are not at hand. The writer took samples throughout the length of the adit, commencing at 20 feet from
the outer edge of the lagging. Samples were cut with a moil across the foot-wall crushed
zone, and restricted to this zone except where it was bounded by shattered or sheared rock,
when the sample was extended to firm ground. In the innermost 100 feet samples were cut
across the most shattered portion, regardless of whether there was a clearly-defined foot-wall
zone or not.    Both crosscuts were sampled for their full length.
From 20 to 80 feet the foot-wall zone was cut every 5 feet. From 80 feet in the foot-wall
zone is less well marked and the sample interval was extended to 10 feet, the sample in each
case being of strongly shattered or sheared ground as distinct from the normal blocky sediments. From 190 to 240 feet the back breaks to a shear-zone dipping southerly 15 to 45
degrees, and samples were not taken in this interval except as representing the material of
this zone which appears to cross through, and to offset slightly, the main foot-wall slip. The
westerly wall of each crosscut was sampled in 5-foot sections. The returns of this sampling
are given below in tabular form. The samples were all run for silver, but as the highest
return was 0.6 oz. per ton, corresponding to the highest gold value, and very few were above
a trace, the silver values have been omitted.
Sample No.
Distance from
Portal.
Width.
Gold.
Remarks.
Feet.
Inches.
Oz. per Ton.
4348b
20
7
0.30
Foot-wall breccia-zone.
49
20
35
Nil
In hanging-wall of above.
4350b
25
11
0.16
Foot-wall breccia-zone.
51
30
13%
0.24
Foot-wall breccia-zone.
52
30
36
0.02
In hanging-wall of above.
53
35
13%
0.36
F.W. breccia-zone.
54
40
23
0.44
F.W. breccia-zone.
55
45
23
0.36
F.W. breccia-zone.
56
50
25
0.54
F.W. breccia-zone.
57
55
15
0.22
F.W. breccia-zone.
58
60
27
0.06
F.W. breccia-zone.
59
65
20
0.06
F.W. breccia-zone.
4360b
70
32
0.72
F.W. breccia-zone.
61
75
52
0.30
F.W. breccia-zone (zone not clearly denned).
62
80
56
0.16
F.W. breccia-zone  (zone not clearly denned).
63
90
11
0.32
F.W. breccia-zone  (solid hanging-wall).
64
100
16
1.60
F.W. breccia-zone.
4365b
110
11
2.20
F.W. breccia-zone  (solid hanging-wall).
66
120
54
0.04
Shear-zone.
67
130
25
0.08
On foot-wall.
68
140
15
Trace
On foot-wall.
69
150
42
Trace
On foot-wall.
4370b
160
37
0.02
On foot-wall.
71
170
70
Trace
Across back.
72
180
60
Trace
Across back.
73
180
60
Trace
Across back at crosscut.
74
180
60
Trace
West wall of crosscut.
75
180
60
Trace
West wall of crosscut.
76
180
60
Trace
West wall of crosscut at face.
78
200
12
Trace
Flat shear in back.
79
210
20
Trace
Flat shear in back.
4380b
250
50
Trace
Shear-zone.
81
260
48
Trace
Shear-zone.
82
270
70
Trace
Shear-zone.
83
280
40
Trace
Shear-zone  (foot-wall, strongly crushed).
84
280
40
Trace
Shear-zone (hanging-wall, blocky ground).
85
290
55
0.02
Shear-zone.
86
300
64
Trace
Shear-zone.
87
310
62
Trace
In F.W. of foot-wall slip.
88
320
52
Trace
In F.W. of foot-wall slip.
4389b
330
51
Trace
In F.W. of foot-wall slip.
90
340
46
Trace
In F.W. of foot-wall slip.
91
350
60
Trace
W. wall crosscut, 15-10 feet from face.
92
350
60
Trace
Ditto, 10-5 feet from face.
4393b
350
60
Trace
Ditto, 5 feet at face, on strong shear.
I D 20 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
An interesting section is undoubtedly shown in the first 110 feet in from the portal. The
writer has not averaged this section, however, because only a few of the samples are taken
over minable widths. He believes that a resampling at 3-foot intervals over practical mining-
widths would be necessary before an accurate estimate of the value of this section could be
made.    The inner 240 feet of the adit is of no interest.
Values are restricted to that portion of the foot-wall of the shear-zone in which there has
been some cementation by calcite of crushed and granulated material that contains some
vein-quartz in addition to rock. The end of the mineralized section is coincident with the
appearance of a poorly-defined shearing that emerges from the north wall of the adit, and
from that point to the face the structure is characteristically that of an ordinary shear-zone
in rocks of the type described.
The shear-zone has not been intersected by No. 2 adit, so it is not known whether values
exist in pyroxenite walls. The distance on the shear-zone to pyroxenite below No. 1 adit is
not known.
Appreciable values are restricted in No. 1 adit to a section little more than 100 feet long,
of an average height to surface of 50 feet or less and of unknown depth. The situation of
the workings makes transportation difficult and expensive, and, in view of the broken character of the ground and difficulty of sorting, neither clean nor cheap mining is indicated.
Two grab samples were taken from the surface of the full 60-ton bin near the road.
One was of fines and one of the more highly-cemented breccia characteristic of the outermost
80 feet of No. 1 adit.    These samples returned each a trace in gold.
Sunrise Section.—As previously mentioned, the rocks underlying this section include
granite, pyroxenite, and sedimentary and dioritic rocks, the distribution and relationship of
which are obscured by overburden.    Mineralization is in the form of narrow quartz veins.
On the highway, a quarter of a mile south of Olalla, is an old adit driven 88 feet in a
direction south 75 degrees west. This adit follows a vertical quartz vein 5 to 16 inches wide,
frozen in granite. The quartz contains calcite locally and is very sparsely mineralized with
small grains of pyrite. At 34 feet from the portal the vein, here containing considerable
calcite, is partly lost in the north wall, from which it emerges at 54 feet, and is continuous to
the face. A crosscut is driven 10 feet north at 68 feet, and a similar strand of quartz 6 feet
distant is drifted on for 10 feet to the west.
Three samples were taken in this adit:—
Face of north drift, quartz 17 inches wide:   Gold, nil;   silver, nil.
Main adit, opposite crosscut, 5 inches wide:   Gold, trace;   silver, trace.
Main adit, 28 feet from portal, 16 inches wide:   Gold, trace;   silver, trace.
An old shaft is sunk to a reported depth of 45 feet on what is evidently the same vein at
a point 150 feet westerly and 110 feet higher than the adit. This shaft shows the vein to be
vertical and 8 to perhaps 20 inches wide, between solid and unaltered granite-walls.
The vein cannot be traced farther, but some 600 feet westerly from the shaft and 260
feet higher is an open-cut in pyroxenite and exposing quartz that may or may not be the
continuation of the same vein. The quartz is in two members 6 feet apart, dipping 70 to 85
degrees northerly, and is quite irregular. The width varies from 5 inches or less to 32 inches,
and no appreciable mineralization is to be seen in the white and friable quartz. Neither of
the veins appears to be continuous; the foot-wall vein pinches out at a depth of about 12 feet
and the hanging-wall vein appears to lens out along the strike.
Samples returned:—
Foot-wall vein, west side of cut, 32 inches wide:   Gold, trace;   silver, 0.4 oz.
Foot-wall vein, east side of cut, 8 inches wide:   Gold, nil;  silver, nil.
Hanging-wall vein, west side of cut, 15 inches wide:   Gold, trace;   silver, 0.4 oz.
An adit is collared 130 feet north of this cut and 100 feet lower, and is driven 217 feet
in a direction south 6 degrees east directly beneath the cut. No mineralization of any significance is encountered by this adit, which is in pyroxenite for its entire length. One small
and discontinuous lens of quartz is to be seen on the west wall 45 feet from the portal, at 170
feet an 11-foot branch is driven easterly in sheared pyroxenite, and at random intervals
throughout the remainder of the crosscut sparse stringers and tiny lenses of calcite and quartz
are seen to occur. Unless there has been some faulting, for which there is no evidence, the
veins exposed in the upper cut do not persist to the level of the adit. On the edge of the highway, 130 feet northerly from the old adit, is an open-cut which
has been continued as an adit a distance of 10 feet in a direction of south 80 degrees west
on a shear-zone which dips 75 degrees northerly. This shear-zone contains as much as
several inches of quartz or quartzose material, of irregular distribution. A sample across
the face, showing an average width of 19 inches, including practically no quartz, returned:
Gold, 0.04 oz. per ton; silver, trace. At the top of the portal in the foot-wall of the zone is
a lens of quartz to a maximum width of 9 inches, including an extreme foot-wall band 3 inches
wide mineralized with galena, chalcocite (?), and perhaps other copper- and silver-bearing
sulphides. This material is reported to assay high in gold and silver, but was not sampled
by the writer because of the spotty nature of mineralization and the fact that the whole lens
is not continuous.
In addition to these showings on the Sunrise section of the property, several hundred feet
north-west of the old adit, and 100 feet or so apart, are three piles of a hundred to several
hundred pounds of quartz, the sources of which are not clearly indicated, although of local
derivation. Between this point and the new upper adit a little work has been done on granite
that is seen to contain a strand of quartz 4 to 10 inches wide and dipping 15 degrees northwesterly. Another exposure of white quartz is seen 65 feet north-easterly from the portal
of the upper adit, but no work has been done on it and width and attitude are not apparent.
Conclusions.—On the Something Good section of the property No. 1 adit discloses a
mineralized section 100 feet or so in length that contains interesting gold values. The upward
extension of this section is distinctly limited and the downward continuation has not been
proved. The chief matter in doubt is the behaviour and value of the shear-zone in pyroxenite,
the boundaries of which body of rock are not known beneath the portal of the adit. Even if
values do not persist downwards into pyroxenite there may be 100 feet of depth in sediments,
and close-interval sampling following further development may show a minable body of
limited dimensions.    Calculations at the present stage of development are inadvisable.
On the Sunrise section there is at present no minable tonnage. The continuity and value
of the quartz veins so far developed are not encouraging. Surficial exploration, so far hardly
attempted, is the only means of further exploring this part of the property.
Kelly Creek.
Kelly Creek flows into the Tulameen River from the north-west about 12 miles above the
village of Tulameen. The stream is about 6 miles in total length and flows in a broad, open
valley at a low gradient from the southern base of Coquihalla Mountain (elevation 7,068
feet). A trail leads up the valley and branches at the second fork. The country traversed
is Eagle granodiorite, to the west of which and at the headwaters are Cretaceous sediments,
tuffs, and breccias capped, at Coquihalla Mountain, by Tertiary lava (see Cairnes' report and
map, Geological Survey, Canada, Summary Report, 1922, Part A, page 95).
Quartz veins occur in the Cretaceous rocks at the first fork 3 miles from the river, between the second forks, and also on the north-east valley-wall 1 mile from the second fork.
On the high summit across the creek and due south of Coquihalla Mountain there is scattered
sulphide mineralization in volcanic rocks. The rock of this summit is fine-grained and
light-green in colour and contains considerable quartz; microscopic examination classes it as
granodiorite, and it might be intrusive.
Immediately below the first main fork of the creek, 3% miles by trail from
W. B. Marks.    Tulameen River, W. B. Marks owns two claims known as the Evening Star
group. The showing is in a small canyon on the creek at an elevation of
about 4,000 feet. A quartz vein, dip 50 degrees west, is exposed for a length of 30 feet in
greenstone by open-cut and short adit. The vein is 5 to 12 inches wide and tends to split
into stringers; in the face of the 20-foot adit two stringers an inch or so wide are apparently
in the hanging-wall of the vein proper, which is not at this point seen. The quartz contains
locally considerable pyrite and a little chalcopyrite. In the open-cut a sample of the vein,
averaging 7 inches wide, returned: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton; silver, 0.1 oz. per ton; a grab
sample of the dump returned: Gold, 0.28 oz. per ton; silver, 0.2 oz. per ton. The vein has
not been traced farther. One-quarter mile west of this point, in partly silicified, sheared
greenstone, is some irregular frozen quartz mineralized with pyrite and a little chalcopyrite. D 22 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
One mile north of the second fork, at an elevation of about 4,850 feet, in the bed of a
small tributary creek is a quartz vein exposed for a total length of 20 feet by open-cut and
short adit. The vein has a strike of north 80 degrees west and a dip of 60 degrees north in
sheared greenstone; it is from 5 to 26 inches wide, tends to split, and is mineralized with
pyrite, a little chalcopyrite, and a trace of galena. A sample across the widest part, 26 inches
wide, returned: Gold, 0.32 oz. per ton; silver, 2 oz. per ton; and a sample across 5V2 inches
at the portal of the adit returned:  Gold, 0.31 oz. per ton;  silver, 1 oz. per ton.
The prominent ridge south of Coquihalla Mountain, elevation about 5,650 feet, consists
of light greenish-grey volcanic (?) rock, intruded near the valley-bottom by granodiorite. On
the crest of the ridge the rock for a distance of about 300 feet is altered and weakly sheared,
with development of epidote in tiny films and patches and also small veinlets of quartz.
Small amounts of pyrite, galena, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite can be detected in this material.
Only a slight amount of surface work has been done here, and part of the mineralized rock
was said to be covered by snow early in July. Sulphides occur in very small quantity, and
the distribution is obscure, but the area seems well worthy of surface prospecting; the north
side of the ridge is excessively steep for 1,500 feet.
Archie Chisholm, of Tulameen, owns one claim at the base of this same
Chisholm. ridge on the eastern side. A quartz vein striking north 10 degrees east and
dipping 50 degrees west, in sheared greenstone, is 130 feet higher than the
creek, at an elevation of about 4,400 feet. The vein averages about 10 inches wide, contains
some carbonate, and is mineralized with pyrite and chalcopyrite. A sample from the dump
returned: Gold, 0.04 oz. per ton; silver, 0.2 oz. per ton. Some 100 feet higher in elevation
is another similar vein striking north 60 degrees east, mineralized with pyrite, chalcopyrite,
and tetrahedrite. A selected sample from this vein returned: Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton; silver,
1.9 oz. per ton.
Central Camp.
This group, centred about the old Mabel claim, consists of ten claims and
Mabel. fractions, six of which are Crown-granted.    It is owned or controlled by
Dr. G. H. Worthington, of Vancouver, and associates; J. G. Creelman is
foreman in charge of the work. The group is in the old Central Camp and is situated on
the summit on the road which leads from Boundary Falls to the highway west of Grand
Forks. This is a part of the plateau-surface at an elevation of about 4,700 feet and is
characterized by a subdued rocky topography, well timbered. The rocks are chiefly sedimentary and schistose, intrusive into which is a broad dyke of diorite. Serpentine outcrops
at the east end of the property.
On the Mabel is an old shaft sunk prior to 1900 on an irregular zone, strike north 35
degrees west, dip about 70 degrees north-easterly. An open-cut extends 30 feet north-west
from the shaft in schistose sediments and ends in diorite. The workings are caved in, but
the zone appears to have been one of quartz stringers in the schist. A little glassy quartz
remaining on the dump shows pyrite and sphalerite. A new shaft is being sunk 125 feet
to the south-east and 30 feet lower, and was about 60 feet deep at the time of the writer's
visit. It is at an inclination of about 65 degrees to the north-east and for the greater part
of the distance follows the foot-wall of a broad dyke of diorite, in brown, micaceous schist.
Mineralization occurs only in the schist which trends a little south of east and is truncated
by the diorite at a small angle; the shaft follows this intersection. The distribution of
mineralization is obscure, but it is associated with a marked silicification of the schist and is
partly in and partly accompanied by very irregular quartz in bands which parallel the
schistosity and in irregular ribbons which cut across it; the whole tends to be discontinuous,
although there are apparent total widths as great as 8 feet.
Sulphides include chiefly pyrrhotite and less chalcopyrite and sphalerite. Pyrrhotite
occurs as impregnations in schist and chert, as fracture-fillings in the rock, and strikingly
in semi-crystalline vein-quartz; chalcopyrite is finely and intimately associated with the
pyrrhotite, and sphalerite occurs as less common patches and aggregates of grains. A
sample across 44 inches at the bottom of the shaft returned: Gold, trace; silver, 0.2 oz. per
ton. Three selected samples were taken from the dump—(1) of nearly pure pyrrhotite
returned: Gold, 0.68 oz. per ton; silver, 0.8 oz. per ton; (2) of material carrying considerable
sphalerite returned:   Gold, 1.36 oz. per ton;   silver, 1.5 oz. per ton;   zinc, 4.6 per cent.;    (3) SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 23
of pyrrhotite in quartz with chalcopyrite returned: Gold, 0.74 oz. per ton; silver, 0.5 oz. per
ton; copper, trace. It is not known what relation this mineralization bears to that in the
original shaft.
About 400 feet west of the shaft is an old pit, on the dump of which is schist containing
a little quartz and pyrrhotite, pyrite and chalcopyrite. Other open-cuts extend on this
westerly line for half a mile at wide intervals; with the exception of some recent stripping
on schist formation, these old surface workings are badly caved and show narrow widths of
quartz mineralized chiefly and in small amounts with pyrite.
On the Falcon claim is an old 15-foot shaft on a band of nearly solid pyrite, dip 60
degrees north-west. This shaft was being cleaned out. On the Oro claim is an old shaft
said to be 65 feet deep, on the dump of which is schist impregnated with pyrite. Other
showings, poorly exposed, are to be seen north and east of the Mabel shaft.
Shipments amounting to a total of 72 tons were made to the Trail smelter and yielded
11 oz. gold and 35 oz. silver.
Beaverdell Area.
This group of three claims is owned by W. R. Fowler and associates, of
Rosemont. Okanogan, Washington. It is 7 miles north-east of Beaverdell on the west
side of St. John Creek, at an elevation of about 4,400 feet. The nearly level
plateau-surface here falls off rather sharply into the small valley of St. John Creek; the
plateau has been largely burned over, but the timber in the valley has been unaffected. A
rather steep road was constructed in 1937 from the Harrison Ranch in Beaver Creek Valley
up to a good cabin near the uppermost workings.
The ground is in an area of Wallace formation about half a mile wide nearly surrounded
by quartz diorite. The geology is so mapped by Reinecke, but actually there is considerable
quartz diorite seen penetrating the older rocks which represent remnants of the batholithic
roof. The Wallace here is represented by sediments, some of which are limy, and all are
highly altered, even to the point, locally, of granitization. The mineralization is in rather
obscure zones in Wallace formation and consists of sulphide impregnations accompanied by
more or less quartz.
There are a number of scattered workings extending from the cabin, elevation 4,400 feet,
eastward and downhill a distance of 900 feet with a difference in elevation of 180 feet. Near
the cabin is a vertical shaft which is perhaps 60 feet deep and is now full of water. From
the material on the old dump it may be judged that the shaft encountered no great amount
of mineralization, although some mineralized quartzose stringers are seen just below the
collar; recent work by the present owners has shown that these stringers open out,
immediately to the north and for a distance of some 20 feet, into a band which dips 45 degrees
easterly in Wallace formation. This band contains considerable pyrrhotite, less pyrite, and a
little chalcopyrite in glassy quartz and silicified wall-rock. Some narrow bands of quartz
containing flaky and cellular pyrite are said to carry consistently high gold values; a sample
of such material assayed: Gold, 2.40 oz. per ton; silver, 0.4 oz. per ton; arsenic, trace. Some
60 tons of mineralized material, largely pyrrhotite, was on the dump awaiting shipment.
An open-cut 30 feet northerly on the strike fails to uncover the continuation of this band,
which may, however, have an irregular strike. Other small open-cuts near by and near the
cabin show Wallace formation containing pyrrhotite mineralization, the attitude of which is
obscure. South and south-west of the shaft a distance of 150 feet are two open-cuts in
Wallace formation near quartz diorite; in these there is some irregular mineralization.
South-east of the shaft, along a Wallace-diorite contact, are a few open-cuts in which traces
of mineralization are seen.
At the lower end of the line of showings are two open-cuts driven into the side-hill a
distance of 22 and 34 feet; they are 70 feet apart and show pvrrhotite-pyrite mineralization
in Wallace formation in and accompanied by quartz and silicified rock. A 12-foot shaft 620
feet south-east of the main shaft shows a quartz vein 3% feet wide in a zone 6 to 10 feet
wide;   the strike is north 50 degrees west and the dip is vertical.
The finding of high-grade material, missed during the sinking of the main shaft by a
few feet, is interesting; unfortunately, the degree of oxidation makes it impossible to tell
whether the higher gold values are associated with quartz stringers of a second generation
or are an integral, if spotty, part of the main mineralization.    Considerable stripping and D 24 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
careful sampling could be done to prove continuity or otherwise of these apparently unrelated
and as yet little understood showings.
Forty-one tons of ore shipped to the smelter yielded 26 oz. gold and 28 oz. silver.
This group of four claims, owned by William Youngson and associates, of
Midnight.       Beaverdell, is 1% miles south of Beaverdell, just off the highway.    The
showings are on the steep, timbered, and grassy slope between 75 and 150
feet above the valley-flat.    A shear-zone in quartz diorite contains tetrahedrite and galena,
and a little pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite in white, finely crystalline quartz.
A series of open-cuts 150 feet long trends north 70 degrees east, and 100 feet farther
westerly on the same line is an adit driven by hand-work for 50 feet. The shear-zone dips
50 degrees southerly and is from a few inches to 2 feet wide and contains several inches of
quartz at most; one section consists of crystalline quartz containing pyrite and other sections
are of sheared and altered rock containing bands of sulphides with small amounts of quartz.
The adit had not reached the shear-zone in October, but a fault was encountered, strike north
50 degrees west, dip 55 degrees south-west, on the foot-wall of which the quartz diorite was
altered to the sericitized " ledge-matter " typical of Wallace Mountain and in which random
grains of tetrahedrite were seen.
The degree of oxidation on the surface obscures details of mineralization and structure,
and until the shear-zone can be located and drifted on underground it is too early to form
definite opinions. High gold assays, in terms of ounces, have been reported. A sample of
sorted material from the uppermost open-cut returned: Gold, 0.46 oz. per ton; silver, 30.6 oz.
per ton; copper, 2.2 per cent.; lead, 8.3 per cent.; and a specimen sample returned: Gold,
0.70 oz. per ton; silver, 61 oz. per ton; copper, 4.3 per cent.; lead, 14.4 per cent. The finding
of substantial gold values is comparatively new in this part of the district, and the reported
finding of similar float near by is, in the opinion of the writer, indicative of other shear-zones
and warrants detailed prospecting in spite of heavy overburden.
COPPER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
Similkameen River Area.
This company has its main office in Olympia, Washington.    Fred F. Foster,
Red Buck Mines,  of Spokane, is mine manager, and Jesse R. Villars, of Montana, is con-
Ltd. suiting engineer.    The group  of seven  claims is on the west  side of the
Similkameen River Canyon, 11 miles south of Princeton and 1% miles north
of Copper Mountain main adit.    The camp and lowest adit are 30 feet above the river, at an
elevation of 2,550 feet.
The canyon-wall here is steep, having at this point an average slope of 37 degrees
between road and river, and even steeper sections exist a few hundred feet north and south.
The road is about 800 feet above the river, and above the road the slope is much less precipitous. The east side of the canyon is equally steep, except for a section in the bend of the
river immediately opposite.
The camp is reached by a steep zigzag foot-trail from the road, or by foot-trail and log
bridge from the Copper Mountain branch of the Kettle Valley Railway, opposite, which is
some 300 feet higher in elevation than the river.
The geology of the region has been fully described by Dolmage, who writes of the Red
Buck in part (Geological Survey, Canada, Memoir 171, page 36): "The deposits occur in
latite and andesite of the Wolf Creek formation where it is extensively impregnated with
pegmatite and intruded by irregular masses of Lost Horse intrusives. The pegmatite consists of orthoclase, albite, and quartz, thus closely resembling that on the Duke of York. The
pegmatite veins generally trend in a north-westerly direction following the general strike of
the Wolf Creek formation. The ore-bodies are very irregular in form and indistinct as to
limits, but tend roughly to follow the strike of the pegmatite. The ore consists of irregular
disseminations of chalcopyrite and pyrite with much feldspar and other pegmatitic material
distributed through andesite and latite over a large section of the Red Buck and adjoining
claims. The deposits have not been sufficiently exposed and their limits are too indefinite to
enable them to be accurately delineated." To this the writer can add nothing, except that
during his examination he found many intergrading rock-types of the varieties named, in a SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4).
D 25
complex area of intrusion.    He failed to see, on the ground, any systematic arrangement of
intrusion or mineralization, and little to account for the localization of mineralization.
The property, principally the Red Buck claim, has been known for many years, having
been staked prior to 1895. Most of the early development-work was done by 1900 and some
time not long after the ground was drilled by B.C. Copper Corporation. In 1910 a shipment
of 40 tons of sorted ore returned: Gold, 0.14 oz. per ton; silver, 1.5 oz. per ton; copper, 6.63
per cent.; and in 1915 a 30-ton shipment returned: Gold, 0.08 oz. per ton; silver, 0.9 oz. per
ton; copper, 6.63 per cent. The Red Buck was optioned by Fred Foster and associates in
1928, and later Red Buck Mines, Limited, was formed. The two lowest adits and the raise
were driven by hand-work by this company.
No.lAdit
El  2550'
LEGEND
Fault or clay  slip
Scale
Feet
Red Buck Mines, Ltd.    Plan of principal workings after company surveys.
There are a number of old open-cuts, chiefly about No. 3 adit, but as none of these is
deep, some are filled in, and all are badly oxidized, nothing much can be learned from them
beyond the presence of copper-stain and some unoxidized chalcopyrite.
An old adit, elevation 2,695 feet, is some 400 feet south of No. 3, across slide-rock in
bluffs. This is driven south 15 degrees west for 30 feet, then south 50 degrees west for 43
feet to the face in dark-grey volcanic rock. This rock has been minutely shattered, along
some of the individual planes of which has been introduced pink feldspar, from paper-thin
films to several inches in width. There has been (hydrothermal) alteration also on some
planes, producing a light bleaching in an irregular and coalescent pattern, from paper-thin
films to patches several inches across. This altered material is mineralized with chalcopyrite
and pyrite as scattered grains and short, tiny films. The feldspar films and masses and the
alteration appear to be related; most, but not all, of the mineralization is related to the
alteration, and scattered grains of chalcopyrite can be seen in most rocks in this vicinity.
Some 100 feet north and north-west of the portal is greenstone.
About the portal of No. 3 adit are copper-showings in monzonitic rocks over an area 50
feet each way, and also for 100 feet north-west of the adit. There does not seem to be any
regular or continuous body, but rather discontinuous patches of mineralization, and the total
amount of copper present, while not large, is impossible to estimate. No. 3 adit is 180 feet
long, 23 feet below which is a sub-level 40 feet long driven from a winze, in monzonitic rock cut by pegmatite. Mineralization, consisting of chalcopyrite and some pyrite, is almost
entirely restricted to the outermost 100 feet of the adit, and in this section is locally heavy,
particularly in the outermost 30 feet. Oxidation partly obscures the geology, and it is not
possible to form an opinion of the shape, attitude, or controlling factors of the deposit. Both
in the adit and in the sub-level strong mineralization is locally, but only locally, limited by
shear- or joint-planes striking north-east and dipping 60 degrees north-westerly; in one or
two places mineralization is bounded by a plane striking north-west. Beyond this fact the
relations are obscure. A raise from No. 1 level, the upper part of which is now inaccessible,
is said to have encountered no significant mineralization until a relatively few feet below the
No. 3 adit sub-level.
No. 2 adit, elevation 2,654 feet, was driven west 130 feet at the time of the writer's visit,
early in August. The rock is pale-greenish diorite which, in the inner 20 feet, is locally
altered in light-coloured, siliceous seams and patches and is lightly mineralized with chalcopyrite and pyrite. A large fault-plane crosses the adit diagonally about 80 feet from the
portal. Two sets of steep joint-planes, probably unrelated to the mineralization, strike north
30 degrees west and north 30 degrees east. Mineralization is restricted to the innermost 20
feet of the adit, and is erratic, discontinuous, and not heavy.
No. 1 adit, elevation 2,550 feet, consists of a section driven west for 560 feet, from which
are two branches to the north and three to the south. One drift, 155 feet from the portal,
follows a major fault to the south, but is bulkheaded off, as shown on the accompanying map.
The outer 110 feet of the adit is in greenstone, then to 350 feet is in grey diorite, and then to
425 feet is in greenstone, cut by red pegmatite and locally crushed. The inner section of the
adit, past the major fault-zone, is in monzonitic and dioritic rock, and some pegmatite. From
about 255 to 300 feet from the portal is a section fairly well mineralized with pyrite and a
little chalcopyrite; a chipped sample on the north wall, across 5 feet horizontal, at the east
end of this section assayed: Gold, trace; silver, trace; copper, nil; and another sample over
a 4%-foot interval at the centre of this section assayed: Gold, 0.01 oz. per ton; silver, trace;
copper, 0.2 per cent. The raise, which connects with No. 3 level above, is accessible only to a
bulkhead 120 feet above the adit, which is at a fault-zone. A fault-zone 90 feet above the
adit is evidently the same as that cut and then drifted on in the inner section of No. 1, and
the same as that cut in No. 2. Some pyrite mineralization is seen beneath the bulkhead, and
worth-while copper mineralization is reported to have been encountered by the raise a few feet
below the sub-level beneath No. 3 adit.
Nos. 1 and 2 adits do not add materially to the knowledge of mineralization on the property. They do show the presence of faults of perhaps major importance. Until more work
is done it is impossible to estimate the value of the copper body in No. 3 adit, regarding which
size, attitude, and continuity are matters for conjecture, and concerning which it can only be
said that high assays in copper are obtainable.
The company during the summer made arrangements with the Canadian Pacific Railway
for a 600-foot spur on the railway opposite camp, and were engaged in putting in a 112-
horse-power Diesel engine, a 550-cubic-foot compressor, and drill-sharpener, etc. From a 100-
ton bin at No. 1 adit-portal a Riblett Airline tram of 750 tons daily capacity was constructed
to a 350-ton bin at the switch, a distance of approximately 1,300 feet, with a vertical rise of
375 feet; the tram to be electrically driven with Diesel-generated power. At the time of the
writer's visit, early in August, No. 2 adit was being driven by hand-work.
Tulameen Area.
Dan Vuich, of Tulameen, owns six claims on the west side of Tulameen
Lucky Todd.     Valley at the mouth of Railroad Creek.    The hillside proper rises steeply,
at an average slope of 30 degrees, and is covered thinly by slide and detrital
material.    A foot-trail extends from the road north-westerly across the showings.
The rocks are members of the Cretaceous bedded series in an embayment in the contact
of a large body of Eagle granodiorite which lies to the east. Most of the rock about the showings is greenstone intruded by phases of what is probably Eagle granodiorite, which rock
outcrops immediately south of the showings. Mineralization is in poorly-defined zones and
disseminations on which work to date has failed to demonstrate continuity or precise relationships.    The workings consist of a little surface work and eleven adits of an aggregate footage SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 27
of more than 600 feet; the adits are all crosscuts except in two instances, and many have
been abandoned either before reaching their objective or because results were not promising.
An adit, elevation 4,550 feet, 770 feet above the road, is driven north 85 degrees west for
25 feet, then northerly for 60 feet. In the second section a copper-bearing zone of shearing
is followed for 25 feet, when it is cut by north-easterly faulting, and a similar zone is
encountered in the innermost 15 feet; these two zones may be the same, faulted. Sparse
pyrite and chalcopyrite occur over a width of between 3 and 6 feet; the zone cuts out on a
fault at the south end and is throughout its length complicated by shears and slips which
strike at a small angle to the drift. A second adit, 60 feet south, is driven in partly-sheared
greenstone near a contact with diorite north 75 degrees west for 40 feet, and shows traces
of mineralization.
A third adit 100 feet north 20 degrees west from the first, and 15 feet higher, is driven
north 25 degrees west 36 feet, then north 75 degrees west 30 feet; 12 feet from the portal a
branch is driven west 18 feet. In the first section a westerly-dipping zone of shearing is followed, but with easterly-dipping components and flat rolls; the first branch is in greenstone
and the innermost section follows a southerly-dipping fault in greenstone and some talcose
schist, with slight evidence of mineralization. The zone in the first course is disclosed to good
advantage in a large open-cut in greenstone and talcose schist at the portal; mineralization
is here seen across 15 feet east-west in both easterly and westerly dipping strands. Sulphides
include chalcopyrite, pyrite, bornite, and tetrahedrite. A sample across 50 inches at the west
side of this exposure returned: Gold, trace; silver, 11 oz. per ton; copper, 1.6 per cent.; and
a sample across 34 inches on an easterly-dipping strand near the east side returned: Gold,
trace;   silver, 0.6 oz. per ton;   copper, 1 per cent.
Other adits near here and to the north are driven westerly as crosscuts on what has
apparently been considered an approximately north-south zone. This is essentially true, but
mineralization tends rather to be localized within it on short, narrow zones of shearing and
to be interrupted by nearly parallel breaks, and also to occur patchily with little apparent
control. This is an area of general metamorphism, and intrusion of dyke-like bodies, a few
hundred feet north of the westward bulge in the main body of granodiorite.
Evidence of copper mineralization can be seen along a northerly line, slowly ascending
the valley-wall to an elevation of 5,100 feet in a distance of about three-quarters of a mile.
The rocks are " greenstones " as well as sandy sediments and breccias. More stripping might
yet be done in order to define, if possible, the limits and intensity of mineralization.
GOLD-SILVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS.
Tulameen Area.
This property, consisting of five Crown-granted and five located claims, is
Cousin Jack, owned by John Osborne, W. D. Vallance, and associate, of Tulameen and
Blakeburn. It lies on Boulder Mountain 4% miles north of the village of
Tulameen and 1 mile due west of the railway at the head of Otter Lake. The topography is
subdued, the southern section being nearly flat and the northern section sloping at medium
to high angles to the east and north-east. A short distance east of the property the ground
falls off rapidly to the Otter Creek Valley. There is adequate timber for mining purposes,
and water is obtainable, for domestic use only, from a spring near the cabin.
An excessively steep trail leaves the Tulameen-Merritt Highway on Otter Lake near
Smith Creek, and climbs the 1,670 feet rapidly to the summit of Boulder Mountain, and then
drops 100 feet in the next half a mile to the cabin, elevation 4,130 feet. (Note.—On Geological Survey, Canada, Map 46a, the elevation reads approximately 4,600 feet.) An alternative
trail, used for pack-horses, crosses Rabbitt Mountain and Boulder Creek, and is about 4%
miles in length from the Law's Camp Road.
The rocks are members of the Tulameen series, intruded by Boulder granite. The showings lie 1,000 feet to 1,500 feet north-west and west of the granite-contact, in greenstone
which is more or less sheared. The shearing, the planes of which dip westerly at angles
between 15 and 25 degrees, is locally so intense as to produce a chlorite-sericite schist, and
when most intense the rock is pyritic. Mineralization is in four well-defined zones that
strike west of north and in part follow the dip of the schistosity and in part are nearly
vertical. Two isolated exposures may indicate two additional zones which have not been
traced. D 28
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
The most westerly zone is traceable for some 1,200 feet and is opened up by two adits and
a number of open-cuts. No. 1 adit (1), elevation 4,235 feet, is 70 feet long, in addition to
which there is an 18-foot open-cut at the portal. Mineralization includes chiefly pyrite and
sphalerite and a little galena in varying proportions in quartz and silicified greenstone.    It
Cousin Jack.    Sketch-map of principal showings from survey by W. D. Vallance.
occurs as impregnation and replacement of the schistose greenstone and only to a minor extent
as fissure-filling by quartz. Some of the material is banded, evenly, or warped and convoluted. Width and attitude are uncertain, because the mineralization both cuts across and
follows the planes of schistosity.    The strongest section is at the portal and is lost in the SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS   (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 29
bottom of the adit; throughout the adit are bands, stringers, and masses, individually up to
2 to 4 feet wide, with predominating flat westerly dips. In No. 2 adit (2), elevation 4,190
feet, 122 feet long, there is a rib of quartz across the back 65 feet from the portal that is
20 inches wide, and this widens downward irregularly to several feet in width. The dip is
steep to the west and the mineralization is not heavy. Some irregular white quartz occurs
near the portal and some at 70 to 90 feet from the portal. The open-cuts on this zone show
apparent widths of 4 to 5 feet or more of quartzose material more or less strongly mineralized; there is apparently variation represented between the extremes of habit seen in the
two adits. It is difficult, if not impossible, to judge the width and attitude in these or in
most open-cuts on the property; the strike seems quite uniform and the dip is westward at
a high angle, but there is a tendency everywhere for the mineralization to penetrate along
the planes of shearing, so that in cross-section any body is seen to consist of an irregular
stem with branch-like offshoots, principally on the west side.
An open-cut at (3), elevation 4,150 feet, discloses stringery quartzose mineralization in
weakly-sheared greenstone, dipping apparently flatly westward. This is across 8 to 10 feet
but is poorly exposed.
A zone (4) north of the cabin is traced for 550 feet. At the southern end is an open-cut
on a nearly vertical lead of quartz in sheared ground; the lead is here about 5 feet wide, not
all quartz, and is weakly mineralized with pyrite and sphalerite. An open-cut at (5), elevation 4,105 feet, just opened up, discloses quartz, apparently flat and less than 12 inches wide,
with some likely-looking mineralization.
An adit at (6), elevation 4,000 feet, 25 feet long, bearing south 55 degrees west, is in
flatly-sheared greenstone containing considerable pyrite in fine scattered grains. There is a
little flatly-dipping mineralization above the portal which is not encountered in the adit.
The next main zone at (7), elevation about 3,980 feet, is traced 350 feet and on it are
four open-cuts. These disclose more or less sheared greenstone in which are ribs of quartz
or siliceous sulphide seams, some dipping steeplv and some flatly, as well as crenulated
ribbons of quartz and sulphide mineralization. The apparent width of the zone in these
open-cuts is about 2 feet, and mineralization is variable and only locally strong.
The easternmost zone (8), elevation about 3,915 feet, is traced for 200 feet, and is opened
up by three open-cuts, a short adit-crosscut 20 feet long, and a filled-up shaft said to be 35
feet deep. The mineralization exposed by these several workings is hard to describe without
going into extreme detail; it is very irregular, in flat, steep, and curving strands individually
up to 2 feet wide and over apparent widths up to 6 feet and more. One sample—which
assayed: Gold, 0.16 oz. per ton; silver, 1.4 oz. per ton; lead, 12.9 per cent.; zinc, 18.6 per
cent.—was taken across a steep 18-inch band containing the most galena seen; another
sample, channelled 5% feet down the face of the adit, including little mineral except in the
central 2 feet, assayed: Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton; silver, trace; lead, nil; zinc, 3.1 per "ent.
More opening-up accompanied by bulk-sampling would be necessary before averages of dimension and metal content could be obtained.
The results of sampling by the Resident Engineer in 1935 and 1937 are shown graphically
on the accompanying sketch-map. These samples have been taken more or less at random,
and from them it is not safe to estimate the average value of these quite complex deposits.
Work has progressed slowly for the last four seasons towards a more extensive opening-up of
the various showings.
SPECIAL REPORTS.
Typewritten copies at 25 cents each are available to those who specially request reports
on the following properties:—
Tulameen Area:   Grasshopper Mountain, Lloyd George, Britton, Britton Mountain,
Sootheran.
Pass Creek:  Maple Leaf.
Highland Valley:   Snowstorm.
Beaverdell:  Florence, Hard Cash, Charybdis, Cranberry Creek, Gachain. D 30 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
PROGRESS NOTES.
BY
H. E. Miard and John G. Biggs.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
North Thompson River Area.*
Windpass Gold Mining Co., Ltd.—A. J. Smith, general manager. The Windpass mine,
situated 5 miles from Boulder, on the Canadian National Railway, is at an elevation of 5,340
feet, and transportation to the mill, 2.5 miles distant and at an elevation of 1,828 feet, is by
an aerial tram.
During the year the inclined shaft was completed to the 900-foot level and a considerable
amount of drifting and raising done on Nos. 7, 8, and 9 levels on each side of the shaft. This
operation supplied 75 per cent, of the ore milled during the year.
The inclined shaft at the Sweet Home mine was deepened during the year for development and prospecting purposes. The ore from the Sweet Home is carried by motor-trucks to
the Windpass aerial tram. Power is supplied by a 400-horse-power Diesel electric plant at
the mill-site and carried by a high-tension line to the mines. A fire at the power-house on
June 14th caused a shut-down for two months. Sixty-three men were employed and 13,180
tons of ore, yielding 4,742 oz. gold, was mined during the year.
Hedley Camp.*
Kelowna Exploration Co., Ltd.—W. C. Douglas, general manager; Floyd Turner, mine
manager. This company operates the Nickel Plate mine, on Nickel Plate Mountain, about
4,000 feet above and 4 miles distant from Hedley, where the concentrator is located.
Transportation to the concentrator is by a surface electric-haulage system from the mine
to a point above the concentrator, where the ore is transferred from the mine-cars to a surface incline 10,000 feet long, in two sections, with a difference in elevation between top and
bottom of 3,500 feet.    Balanced skips carry 6 tons of ore and are controlled by electric motors.
The workings of the Nickel. Plate mine and adjacent Hedley Mascot mine are directly
connected, with a decided advantage to the ventilation of both mines.
An important development at this property during 1937 was the driving of the " Bull
Dog " adit at the same elevation as the top terminal of the surface incline and some 3,000 feet
south of the Nickel Plate mine.
A townsite has been laid out about half a mile from the mine and modern accommodation built for families and single men. Recreation facilities are provided by a new community hall, motion-picture equipment and tennis-court, and a new school. Eighty-six men
are employed underground and 121 on the surface. Production amounted to 77,887 tons of
ore, yielding 29,929 oz. gold and 4,622 oz. silver.
Hedley Mascot Gold Mines, Ltd.—C. W. S. Tremain, general manager. This mine is
situated 1 mile north of Hedley.
During the year a second Bellis and Morcom motor-driven compressor of 750 cubic feet
capacity was installed and a new bunk-house built. Production amounted to 59,115 tons,
yielding 21,422 oz. gold and 6,492 oz. silver. In addition to production, a considerable amount
of prospecting has been carried out by drifting and diamond-drilling. Seventy-five men are
employed.
Hedley Amalgamated Gold Mines, Ltd.—Herbert Neil, manager. This mine is situated
1V2 miles north-west of Hedley. Development has been carried out in the "Red Tunnel."
Towards the end of the year a winze was sunk 200 feet from the portal, and some drifting was
carried on from the bottom of the winze.
Power is provided by a motor-driven Gardner-Denver compressor of 500 cubic feet
capacity. Employees live in Hedley and are transported by a motor-truck. Ten men were
employed at the end of the year.
* By John G. Biggs. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 31
Gold Mountain Mines, Ltd.—Frank Dollemore, manager. This property is 3 miles west
of Hedley. In January a 50-ton-capacity mill was completed and put into operation for
several months, then shut down and had not resumed operations at the end of the year.
Fair view Camp.*
Fairview Amalgamated Gold Mines, Ltd.—J. A. McKenzie, manager. This mine is 4
miles west of Oliver at an elevation of 3,050 feet. It operated throughout the year with a
varying tonnage. The main adit has been driven 2,600 feet, and during the year a raise was
put through to the surface at a point 1,100 feet from the portal and has considerably augmented the ventilation of the mine. Stoping above the main level provides the required ore
at the present time, and during the latter part of the year a second adit was started 130 feet
below the main adit with a view to production at this level.
Power is obtained from the West Kootenay Power Company and a Gardner-Denver
compressor of 750 cubic feet capacity supplies air for the drills. The mill, increased to 150
tons daily capacity, is situated at the Morning Star mine, 2 miles distant by motor-road.
Sixty men were employed.
Osoyoos Lake Area*
Osoyoos Mines, Ltd.—J. O. Howells, manager. This mine is immediately west of Osoyoos.
There are three adits, known as Nos. 1, 2, and 3, at elevations of 1,460, 1,545, and 1,580 feet
respectively. During the year mining was carried on in the upper two adits, while further
exploratory work was done in the lower adit, which is also the main haulage-level.
During the year the capacity of the flotation section of the mill was increased to 75 tons
daily, with the addition of cyanide treatment for the tailings.    Fifty-two men were employed.
Vernon Area*
Kalamalka Gold Mine.—P. Murphy, manager.    This mine is situated at Lavington, 11
miles east of Vernon, and is reached by a good road.    After a considerable period of inactivity
operations were resumed here during the summer by seven men.
Carmi Area.
Carmi.—Forty-two tons of ore shipped from this property by the owner, Jas. Kerr, of
Carmi, yielded 28 oz. gold and 267 oz. silver.
Kettle River Area.
Mogul.—From this property, situated on Horseshoe Mountain, 24 miles by road from
Westbridge, Clyde Sherdahl and S. Berglund, of Rossland, shipped 99 tons of ore to the Trail
smelter, this yielding 146 oz. gold and 45 oz. silver.
Greenwood-Boundary Falls Area.
Bay.—J. W. Van Strieder and Jno. Klinosky, of Greenwood, shipped 13 tons of ore from
this property to the Trail smelter, with total metal contents amounting to 12 oz. gold and
48 oz. silver.
Elkhorn.—F. Jaubin and J. W. Van Strieder shipped 18 tons of ore from this property,
situated about 1 mile north of Greenwood. The metal contents amounted to 3 oz. gold, 444 oz.
silver, 307 lb. lead, and 365 lb. zinc.
Number Seven.—This property, belonging to the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co.
of Canada, Limited, and situated a few miles from Boundary Falls, has been operated on
lease by W. E. McArthur for the past three years. Comparatively little work was done in
1937. Shipments amounted to a total of 186 tons, yielding 34 oz. gold, 1,015 oz. silver, and
2,392 lb. lead.
City of Paris.—This is an extensive mine, abandoned for more than thirty years but with
workings still generally accessible, although a winze, said to be 370 feet in depth, is, of course,
now flooded to the collar. It is evident that an ambitious programme of development was
carried out there at one time, evidence of it being still found in the remains of surface structures as well as underground. H. M. Brinkman and Celius Nelson, of Grand Forks, hold a
lease on the property, the principal owner of which is Miss Margaret Johnson, of Los Angeles,
Cal. Sixty-one tons of ore, shipped to the Trail smelter, yielded 12 oz. gold, 853 oz. silver,
151 lb. lead, and 164 lb. zinc.
* By John G. Biggs. D 32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
Jewel Lake Area.
Dentonia.—Owned by the Dentonia Mines, Limited. Head office, 706 Credit Fonder
Building, Vancouver. Manager, Major A. W. Davis. Underground operations were suspended at the end of 1936, but final shipments of 36 tons of ore and 3 tons of concentrates
were made to the Trail smelter at the beginning of 1937. The ore yielded 53 oz. gold, 433
oz. silver, and 2,184 lb. lead; while the total metal contents of the concentrates amounted to
18 oz. gold, 93 oz. silver, and 265 lb. lead. The operation of the cyanide plant, treating the
tailings of the flotation-mill, resulted in the production of 236 lb. bullion carrying 452 oz. gold
and 2,506 oz. silver.
Amandy.—Shipments totalling 140 tons were made from this property by the owner,
E. C. Henniger, of Grand Forks.    This yielded 52 oz. gold and 961 oz. silver.
North Star.—Operated by the Greenbridge Gold Mines, Limited. Head office, McLean,
Philpot & Co., Ltd., Stock Exchange Building, Vancouver. Development-work proceeded with
a crew of six (three underground) until the beginning of August, when the working force
travelled to Northern British Columbia to dismantle a mill purchased by the company; the
machinery being subsequently brought to Grand Forks, where it was intended to install it
on a site permitting the mill to serve several properties. The general conditions prevailing
in the mine and on the surface were always satisfactory. The development-work done
amounted to 343 feet of drifting and 357 feet of raising. The total tonnage mined amounted
to 473; from which 31 tons shipped to the Trail smelter yielded 4 oz. gold-and 62 oz. silver,
and the tonnage milled yielded 13 tons of concentrates, with total metal contents amounting
to 44 oz. gold, 228 oz. silver, and 659 lb. lead.
Grand Forks Area.
Yankee Boy.—Situated on Hardy Mountain, about 4 miles from Grand Forks, and operated by the Riegel Mines, Limited, for some time, first with Clyde B. White and later with
Oscar Thompson as manager. The company employed a crew of eight (seven underground)
in development-work for some time, 540 feet of drifting being done, and then abandoned the
property and removed all equipment from it. In the latter part of the year a group of four
lessees, headed by Wilhelm L. Schwarz, of Grand Forks, worked out a few shoots of fairly
high-grade ore, conveniently accessible from the surface. Shipments amounting to a total of
362 tons were made to the Trail smelter, this yielding 251 oz. gold and 332 oz. silver.
Little Bertha.—This property, owned by the Pathfinder Mining Company, of Pullman,
Wash. (D. C. Manly, manager, Grand Forks), was operated by lessees during the first and
part of the second quarter of the year, who shipped 411 tons of ore to the Trail smelter,
yielding 157 oz. gold and 1,503 oz. silver. The development-work done consisted of 30 feet
of drifting and 30 feet of raising.
Olympic.—On this claim, owned by Jno. Kitchen, of Grand Forks, and situated on Smelter
Lake, above the Kettle Valley Railway, some exploratory work was carried on for a time
under the direction of A. W. Kelly. Four men were employed. This operation must not be
confused with a property of the same name in the Beaverdell area.
Franklin Camp.
Union.—This property was operated under lease by A. J. Fee & Co., of Grand Forks.
Twenty-four tons of ore shipped to the Trail smelter yielded 101 oz. gold, 214 oz. silver, 1,307
lb. lead, and 1,446 lb. zinc. The metal contents of 2 tons of concentrates, also shipped,
amounted to 6 oz. gold, 35 oz. silver, 12 lb. lead, and 27 lb. zinc.
Paulson Area.
Molly Gibson.—This property, situated in Burnt Basin, about 4 miles from Paulson, has
been operated by the Molly Gibson Mines, Limited (managing director, A. E. Petzold, 1318
Twelfth Avenue West, Calgary, Alta.; secretary, I. J. Trembath, Rossland), for a couple of
years, all operations being limited to exploratory and development-work and concentrated
almost exclusively on the adit known as the Purcell tunnel. The ore-zone is found in an
extremely hard siliceous limestone and, consequently, progress has been rather slow. The
mechanical equipment consists of a CIR 9- by 8-inch portable compressor and of a No. 4 IR SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 33
drill-sharpener. A crew of seven (four underground) was employed until the latter part of
the year under the direction of George H. Tyrrell. The development-work done consisted of
194 feet of drifting and 316 feet of crosscutting.
GOLD-COPPER DEPOSITS.
Phoenix-Eholt Area.
Brooklyn.—This property, owned by Robert Forshaw, of Greenwood, was operated under
lease by W. E. McArthur. Some exploratory work will be undertaken, as circumstances
permit, to investigate its possibilities, certain features leading to the belief that profitable
operations can be conducted on a comparatively small scale. A considerable amount of
repair-work was intelligently effected, both on the surface and underground. The ore is
hauled by trucks to the Providence mill, owned and operated by the lessee, at which the output
of the neighbouring Granby is also treated. A crew varying in number between four and six
was employed. The total tonnage mined and milled was 1,879, this yielding 624 oz. gold, 456
oz. silver, and 34,114 lb. copper.
Granby (Old Ironsides).—This property has been purchased from the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and Power Company, Limited, by W. E. McArthur (P.O. Box 629,
Greenwood). The ore is hauled by trucks to the mill, a distance of approximately 6 miles. The
operations, conducted entirely on the glory-hole system, employed seventeen men (eleven at
the mine and six at the mill). . A total of 15,376 tons mined yielded 1,791 tons of concentrates,
with total metal contents amounting to 1,451 oz. gold, 3,947 oz. silver, and 433,450 lb. copper.
The removal of the old ore-bins and of overhanging portions of the walls in the glory-hole
eliminated features which had complicated the situation to some extent when operations were
resumed at the mine after it had been abandoned for nearly twenty years.
Athelstan.—After some repair and exploratory work had been done on this property,
situated in Wellington Camp, by W. E. McArthur, operations were discontinued temporarily,
partly on account of the fact that the high percentage of sulphides present in the ore rendered
the ratio of concentration insufficient to permit shipment under advantageous conditions.
B.C.—This property, situated near Loon Lake and abandoned since 1903, was acquired
some time ago by A. M. Docksteader and E. Vant. The mine, opened by a vertical shaft now
flooded and inaccessible, was apparently fairly extensive, but before suspending operations
and removing its machinery the former operating company worked out the ore remaining
above a large square-set stope on the 150-foot level up to the surface, wrecking the upper part
of the shaft in the process. When the mine was visited in October, operations had been suspended temporarily and the construction of a small mill was being considered. This project,
if carried out, would imply also development-work of some kind. A slab of ore left on one of
the walls of the former glory-hole was mined and shipped in the course of the summer; the
tonnage thus obtained amounted to 39, yielding 76 oz. silver and 4,801 lb. copper.
Blue Bell.—Situated at Summit Camp and owned by M. Ludlow, of Eholt. J. W. Phillips
and F. Simpson took a lease on this property and employed four men for some time in
exploratory work, which consisted chiefly in driving a short drift about 50 feet below the surface from the shaft sunk on the claim before its abandonment in 1903. The shaft itself is
said to be 130 feet in depth.
COPPER DEPOSITS.
Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and Power Co., Ltd.*—A. S. Baillie, president
and general manager; W. R. Lindsay, general superintendent; Geo. Buckle, mine manager.
The Copper Mountain mine of this company is 12 miles south of Princeton and is reached by
a good road and also by a branch line from the Kettle Valley Railway at Princeton.
The surface elevation at the mine is 4,000 feet and practically all the workings are below
this elevation. The ore-crushing plant is located below the portal of No. 6 adit, which is the
main transportation level; this level at a point 2,700 feet from the portal intersects the main
No. 1 shaft at a depth of 800 feet from the surface.
Practically all production at present is from above No. 6 level, but preparations are being
advanced for extensive mining below this level.
The concentrator is at Allenby, 7 miles nearer Princeton, and much work was done here,
before starting operations, to incorporate modern advances in concentration, since this operation was shut down in 1930. D 34 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1937.
A total of 509 men were employed at the end of the year, as follows: 172 men underground, 170 on the surface, 44 in the mill, and 103 at the power plant.
Repairs and preparations for mining were under way from the beginning of the year and
production started in June. By the end of the year 3,000 tons of ore per day was being
mined, with a net production for the year of 452,352 tons of ore, which yielded 7,692,756 lb.
copper, 2,102 oz. gold, and 58,436 oz. silver.
GOLD-SILVER-LEAD DEPOSITS.
Greenwood Area.
Providence.—At this property, situated about 1 mile north of Greenwood and operated by
the Riegel Mines, Limited, the operations carried on in the course of the year were limited to
exploratory, development, and repair work; the last point, in particular, having been seriously
neglected by a previous operator. No. 1 shaft was cleaned out, retimbered, and again made
available as an airway and means of exit. The mechanical equipment at No. 2 shaft consists
of a single-stage, Gardner-Denver XH model compressor, with a capacity of 265 cubic feet,
driven by a 40-horse-power G.E. induction-motor, and a single-drum hoist driven by a 30-
horse-power G.E. motor. The pumping equipment in the same shaft is particularly efficient.
The number of men employed varied between twelve and eighteen, with six and thirteen
underground, respectively. The operations were directed by Clyde B. White in the early part
of the year and later by Oscar Thompson. The development-work done consisted of 1,325 feet
of drifting, 80 feet of raising, 550 feet of crosscuts, and 125 feet of shafts.
SILVER-LEAD DEPOSITS.
Beaverdell Area.
Highland Bell.—This property, owned and operated by the Highland Bell, Limited (head
office address, P.O. Box 464, Penticton), maintained its now well-established reputation as
being the most profitable operation on Wallace Mountain. Development proceeded from the
winze sunk below the Staples crosscut adit; while persistent and well-guided exploration of
the older workings led periodically to the discovery of ore-shoots which contributed their quota
to the production. Constant study of the highly-disturbed ground and careful correlation
of features met at one point with those encountered in other parts of the workings are prime
conditions of success on Wallace Mountain. A CIR 440-cubic-foot compressor, driven by a
90-horse-power Rushton-Hornsby Diesel engine, has been added to the power plant. The provision of stronger hoisting equipment at the winze has become necessary. A crew of thirty
(twenty-two underground) was employed throughout the year under the direction of N. M.
Mattson. The development-work done comprised 540 feet of drifting, 320 feet of raising,
and 160 feet of sinking. Shipments of ore totalling 3,141 tons were made to the Trail
smelter, this yielding 116 oz. gold, 407,645 oz. silver, 308,085 lb. lead, and 464,592 lb. zinc.
Sally.—Adjoining the Highland Bell and operated by the Sally Mines, Limited (head
office address, P.O. Box 420, Penticton), with N. M. Mattson as manager. Exploratory work
was carried on and some stoping was done with a crew of five (four underground). The
tonnage mined and shipped amounted to 295, yielding 6 oz. gold, 24,126 oz. silver, 14,249 lb.
lead, and 22,834 lb. zinc.
Beaverdell-Wellington.—Operated by the Beaverdell-Wellington Syndicate, with A. J.
Morrison as manager. This has been a remarkably successful operation, deriving added
interest from the fact that the property consists of a single claim. A crew of twenty-one
(fifteen underground) was employed throughout the year. The development-work done in
the course of the year consisted of 606 feet of drifting and crosscuts and 375 feet of raising.
Shipments amounting to a total of 970 tons yielded 55 oz. gold, 199,463 oz. silver, 139,997 lb.
lead, and 198,727 lb. zinc.
Beaver.—This property, owned by the Beaver Silver Mines, Limited (head office, 708
Yorkshire Building, Vancouver), and operated by a group of five lessees headed by Hilmer S.
Nordman, adjoins the Highland Bell. A considerable amount of repair-work had to be undertaken before mining operations could begin, but this was done carefully and intelligently.
Shipments amounting to a total of 166 tons were made to the Trail smelter and yielded 8 oz.
gold, 29,822 oz. silver, 15,867 lb. lead, and 36,292 lb. zinc. SOUTHERN AND CENTRAL DISTRICTS  (Nos. 3 AND 4). D 35
Tiger.—John L. Nordman and partner shipped 15 tons of ore from this property, with
total metal contents of 2,563 oz. silver, 1,776 lb. lead, and 2,721 lb. zinc.
Wallace.—Operations on this group of claims, held by the Wallace Mountain Mining
Company, were limited to exploratory work, three men being employed (two underground)
under the direction of N. M. Mattson. A single-stage, 10- by 12-inch compressor, driven by
a McCormick Deering gasoline-engine, was installed. The work done consisted of 100 feet
of crosscuts.
British.—The British Silver and Gold Mines Syndicate, with headquarters at Princeton,
employed four men in exploratory work on this property, adjoining the Wellington, with John
Evans in charge of operations. The development-work was done without the assistance of
machinery of any kind.
Advance and Crater Lake.—In the same area two lessees worked for some time on the
Advance, owned by John Southern, of Beaverdell, and further exploratory work was done
on the group of claims held by the Crater Lake Mining Company on Dry Creek.
SILVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS.
Greenwood Area.
Last Chance.—A group of claims situated near Boundary Falls, including the Last
Chance and the Republic, was held under option for some time by the Greenwood Gold Mines,
Limited (head office, 1216 Dominion Bank Building, Vancouver), with N. 0. Carpenter and
later Ira J. Babe as manager. A small power plant, consisting of a Holman single-stage
7%- by 6-inch compressor, driven by an International P.K. model internal-combustion engine,
was installed and 550 feet of drifting was done on the Last Chance claim and close to the
surface. A crew of ten (six underground) was employed for eight months. The tonnage
shipped amounted to 114, this yielding 4 oz. gold, 696 oz. silver, 12,093 lb. lead, and 4,432
lb. zinc.
Lightning Peak Area.
Waterloo.—From this property, the operation of which is burdened with excessive transportation costs due to its difficult accessibility, F. Nesbit, of Edgewood, shipped 1 ton of ore
which yielded 30 oz. silver, 149 lb. lead, and 457 lb. zinc.
Paulson Area.
Eva Belle and Halifax Groups.—These two groups, situated in Burnt Basin, are part of
a total of twenty-one claims on which options were held by Joseph Grafton, of Rossland, the
balance being known locally as the Tunnel and Lone Hand groups, beside the Ennismore and
Gray Rock claims and the Gray Rock Fraction. All are easily accessible, being not more than
4 miles from Paulson. A few prospectors have been investigating the possibilities of this
section for a number of years, but very little has been done up to the present time on these
properties. Four men were employed for some time, the work done consisting chiefly in
sinking test-pits and advancing a short adit-crosscut.
PLACER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
Greenwood Area.
Boundary Creek Placers, Ltd.—The construction of a pipe-line, 10,000 feet in length,
bringing water from the falls for hydraulicking operations, was completed early in the season.
Twelve men were employed under the direction of J. W. Phillips.
NON-METALLIC DEPOSITS.
Christina Lake Area.
Fife Lime Quarry.—Owned and operated by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited. Twelve men working on contract shipped 17,947 tons of limestone
from this property to the Trail smelter. 

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