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PART E ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1937

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 PABT E
ANNUAL REPORT
OF  THE
MINISTER OF MINES
OF  THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR  THE
Year Ended 31st December
1936
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY  OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1837. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. George S. Pearson, Minister.
John F. Walker, Deputy Minister and Provincial Mineralogist.
James DICKSON, Chief Inspector of Mines.
D. E. Whittaker, Provincial Assayer and Analyst.
P. B. Freeland, Chief Mining Engineer.
R. J. STEENSON, Chief Gold Commissioner. .     : -     * -r      -. ■ „ - »   -.
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Sullivan Mine.      Filling Stopes, Caterpillar (75) with Le Tourneau 12-cu.-yd. Scraper. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 3
PART E.
EASTERN MINERAL SURVEY DISTRICT (No. 5).
BY
H. Sargent.
INTRODUCTION.
Lode-mining activity in No. 5 Mineral Survey District has been well maintained in 1936.
The Slocan-Ainsworth and Lardeau areas in the West Kootenay section have been quiet, but
with the increasing prices for lead and zinc much greater activity is to be anticipated in 1937.
Though production from the Sullivan mine was of record proportions, the rest of the East
Kootenay District has been quiet. Production from the Rossland camp, though less than in
recent years, was still substantial. In the Nelson Mining Division production reached a new
high level, and with the provision of increased milling capacity at the Kootenay Belle mine,
a new mill for Wesko Mines, Limited, and one for Bayonne Consolidated Gold Mines, Limited,
all brought into production late in 1936, a further substantial increase in gold-output is to
be anticipated for 1937.    Notes on placer-mining appear in a separate bulletin.
The operation of the Bayonne mill is expected to direct interest to the adjoining district,
which has prospective merits. In the area underlain by greenstone, south of Nelson, several
prospects carrying high gold values, usually over narrow widths, are being opened up.
Shears or fissures in the granitic batholith both north and south of the West Arm of Kootenay
Lake appear to be attracting interest as gold prospects. Attention is directed to the merits
of the above-mentioned sections as prospective gold areas, which in general are outside the
areas covered in the following reports on mines and prospects in several parts of the district.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
Newer Mines and Prospects in the Salmo Map-area.
The properties described in the following reports are situated in the Nelson Mining
Division, in the section which is the subject of " Memoir 172, Geology and Mineral Deposits,
Salmo Map-Area," by John F. Walker, published by the Geological Survey of Canada in 1934.
For the general geology of the area and for descriptions of most of the properties the reader
is referred to the Memoir and its accompanying map.
The property consists of nine located claims, formerly known as the Boulder
Clubine City group, held in the name of the Consolidated  Mining and Smelting
Comstock Gold Company, which claims Clubine Comstock Gold Mines, Limited, is acquiring
Mines, Ltd. by purchase and an additional eleven located claims. The company, incorporated in the State of Washington, is registered in British Columbia and
has an office in Victoria. The claims are situated some 3 miles north of Salmo, west of the
Salmo River, on the north-east slope of Keystone Mountain. The location and general geology
are shown on Map 299A of the Geological Survey of Canada. The ground held- slopes steeply
to Boulder Creek. The workings, which extend from approximately 3,125 to 3,630 feet elevation, are situated along Key Creek, a small tributary that enters Boulder Mill Creek from the
south-west between one-half and three-quarters of a mile from1 the confluence of Boulder Mill
Creek with the Salmo River. The surface consists of overburden with some rock-outcrops.
The country has been burned off generally, but there is some timber toward the top of the
mountain.
Leaving the highway about 3 miles north of Salmo, the road crosses a flat for two-tenths
of a mile; then, by several switchbacks, in 1V2 miles climbs the steep side-hill to the mine
camp at about 3,600 feet elevation, roughly 1,000 feet above the flat.
The property is underlain by rocks of the Beaver Mountain-Rossland group, consisting
in the vicinity of the workings of some argillite and possibly impure tuff, but principally of
greenstone, intruded by lamprophyre dykes which vary materially in composition and texture.
A large mass of Nelson granite east of the property extends to within half a mile of the
workings, which are close to a wide brown-mica dyke of greenish-grey colour.    Frequently E 4
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
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along the foot^wall of this dyke there is a width of several feet consisting largely of brown
mica. This may be a phase of the wide dyke, but it seems more likely that the dark mica
has been developed in shearing along the foot-wall of the wide dyke. Elsewhere in narrower
fractures there is dark, basic, porphyritic dyke-matter containing light-greenish phenocrysts.
Similar material occurs locally with the dark mica and may be a phase of a dyke at the foot-
wall of the wide dyke. The lower contact of the wide dyke strikes about north 20 degrees
west and has an average dip of 38 degrees easterly. Shearing, which in general follows the
foot-wall of the dyke, is locally confined to a width of 1 or 2 feet, but elsewhere shear-strands
extend over widths up to 10 feet in the wide dyke, the brown-mica material at the foot-wall
and greenstone in the foot-wall. There is shearing along the hanging-wall of the wide
dyke also.
Elongated quartz-lenses have been developed somewhat irregularly in the shears and
greenstone in the sheared ground has been silicified locally. The wide dyke has been offset
by faulting which may be later than the deposition of the quartz. The quartz-lenses are
somewhat irregular in outline and are usually less than 1 foot in thickness, though in places
they reach a thickness of 1V2 feet. In some parts of the mine there are parallel lenses in the
shearing. Two such lenses are being stoped above 4% level in a width of 5 to 7 feet. The
degree of mineralization varies greatly. At some places the quartz is glassy and slightly
mineralized1; elsewhere it may be heavily mineralized. Some parts of the vein consist of
brecciated quartz cemented by chalcopyrite and pyrrhotite. Near by the vein may consist of
quartz mineralized with medium-grained galena and fine-grained dark-brown sphalerite. In
places brecciated fragments of white quartz are cemented by almost black quartz containing
some galena and chalcopyrite. In places sulphides have been developed in the greenstone and
dyke rocks close to the quartz. Moderate gold and silver values appear to be associated with
the sulphide minerals. Selective mining of unoxidized ore yields a shipping product which
in 1936 ranged from 0.65 to 1.4 oz. gold per ton and from 1.5 to 3.4 oz. silver per ton. Earlier
shipments consisting largely of oxidized ore were of higher grade. Above No. 4 level the
vein-matter is largely oxidized.
The above description applies to the principal workings shown on the plan herewith.
No. 1 level, not shown on the plan, is a drift along a shear parallel with, but about 200 feet
to the west of, the shear in the principal workings. In No. 1 level the shear follows the
contact between a dyke and argillite. Mineralization consists of narrow lenses of lead and
einc sulphides reported to be low in gold. No. 1 level portal is about 380 feet south of
No. 2 portal.
The property had been under development for some time prior to 1926, when 300 feet
of tunnel and 30 feet of raise on the Boulder City claim were recorded by L. R. Clubine, of
Salmo. In 1931 work was commenced by the present company under L. R. Clubine. In the
years from 1931 to 1934 shipments were made to the smelter at Trail, the ore coming from
2i, 3, and 4 levels principally. During this period drifting was done on No. 5 level. In 1936
a new deep level, No 6, was started. After a period of inactivity work was resumed in
January, 1936. Drifting and raising have been done on 4% and 5 levels, while a considerable
quantity of ore has been stoped above 4~>/2 level. Late in the year a new level, referred to as
the " 475 level," was started.
During the year 698 tons of ore containing 740 oz. gold and 1,515 oz. silver were shipped.
This ore came from the stope on 4% level and from development-work. The property is
equipped with a compressor, but the stoping and a good deal of the development is done by
hand.
No. 2 level has a length of 180 feet. The outer 40 feet has been stoped above the drift
and in this section a raise conies through from below. For the next 40' feet the drift is in
the foot-wall, but swings to the right and re-enters the vein. At 150 feet from the portal
there is a raise. For 60 feet south of the raise the vein has been dug out for a few feet
below the level; a pillar separates this work from part of the drift which is in the foot-wall.
In this section there is 1% to 2 feet of rusty shear, containing 2 to 8 inches of quartz
and some dark sulphides.    North to the face there is less quartz in the shear.
No. 3 level, 270 feet long, is sloped below and partly stoped above for 65 feet from the
portal; two raises come through from below in this section and another raise comes through
at about 120 feet from the portal.    The shearing here is rather tight and the black-mica E 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
dyke is squeezed. At 190 feet from the portal the drift is offset to the west, leaving one
shear-strand at the offset to follow another. The foot-wall formation here exposed in the
drift appears to be silicified argillite or tuff.    There is a little quartz in the shear.
No. 4 level, about 300' feet in length, is lagged and apparently stoped above for most of
the first 90 feet from the portal. In the 110 feet beyond there are two raises with some stoping
above the drift. At the end of this section is a winze down about 15 feet. From the winze
south for a length of 10O feet at or below the floor there is from 6 inches to 1 foot of quartz
or quartz breccia.
No. 4% level also had a length of about 300 feet when the property was last visited. It
follows shearing throughout its length. From 75 to 100 feet from the portal a little stoping
has been done; here on the hanging-wall of the drift 2 to 6 inches of quartz is to be seen.
At 185 feet from the portal is a crosscut to the hanging-wall 20 feet long. In the crosscut
8 inches of well-mineralized quartz goes down into the floor. This is a hanging^wall lens
occurring along shearing within black-mica dyke-matter. It is traceable for 80 feet northerly
along the drift, the thickness varying from- 6 inches to 1 foot. There is also a foot-wall
quartz-lens in a shear in greenstone below the dyke.- For 60 feet north of the crosscut the
ground is being stoped above the level. At the north end of the stope is a raise which was
up about 60 feet at the middle of September. At the bottom of the raise the hanging-wall
lens is from 6 inches to 1 foot thick and is mineralized with fine pyrite. This lens pinches out
about 20 feet up the raise. The foot-wall lens has a thickness of about 4 inches at the bottom,
but increases above and is more persistent than the hanging-wall lens. The foot-wall lens,
varying in thickness from 4 to 16 inches, is- traceable for about 50 feet north and the same
distance south of the raise. At the face of the adit, about 75 feet north of the raise, the shear
in the greenstone, 3 feet below the dyke, again contains quartz, here 9 inches thick. There
is also rusty shearing along the contact.
No. 5 level is the longest drift on the shear-zone. It follows shearing in the greenstone
and in the wide dyke close to its lower contact with the greenstone. Crosscuts to the hanging-
wall indicate that the width of the dyke varies from- 12 to 20 feet. About 125 feet from the
portal is a raise or a short stope, up about 40 feet, following about 3 feet of shearing near
the contact. Near the hanging-wall at the top of the raise is 6 inches of rusty gouge. At
the foot of the raise there is 2 inches of quartz with some sulphides. At 250' feet from the
portal there is a 65Joot crosscut to the foot-wall, cutting a basic dyke 9 inches thick, 33' feet
from the drift. Under the dyke is 3 inches of shear-gouge with some quartz. The dip of the
shearing and of the dyke is 65 degrees to the east. The drift swings to the east at a fault
60 feet past the crosscut. The wide dyke is displaced to the east, north of the faulting;
basic dyke-matter occupies fractures curving to the east in the fault-zone. Shearing, however,
continues and has been followed about 160 feet past the first faulting, the drift then swinging
north-westerly to follow another shearing. About 70 feet past the first faulting is a raise
which follows some shearing. The raise was up about 60 feet at the middle of November.
At the top the ground is disturbed. Rather glassy white quartz up to 1% feet thick was
apparently faulted. Dyke-matter similar to the dark basic dyke exposed on the level occupied
some irregular Assuring.
From a point 10 feet south of the raise a crosscut has been driven 30' feet north-easterly,
where it intersected an irregular quartz vein squeezed between fault-strands. The quartz
has been followed by drifting to the north and for a short distance to the south. A crosscut
from the north drift exposes some of the quartz at a bulge between fault-strands. Over a
length of about 30 feet the quartz is very irregular, varying in attitude and in thickness, the
latter varying from 8 inches to 3 feet. Here the hanging-wall of the drift is the wide dyke.
The drift to the north follows a somewhat irregular course for a distance of about 300 feet
from where the quartz was first encountered. For most of this length the drift follows
shearing in the greenstone in the foot-wall of the wide dyke. Quartz apparently in the foot-
wall north of the crosscut to the north-east is exposed 50 feet from the crosscut. From that
point north the shear contains from 2 to 11 inches of quartz for a distance of 100 feet.
Thence to a bend in the drift 90 feet farther there is 2 to 11 inches of shear-gouge containing
a little quartz.    Beyond the bend the shearing followed by the drift is rather weak.
No. 6 level, 260 feet below No. 5, starts close to Key Creek as a crosscut curving from a
course north of west to south 70 degrees west at 80 feet and continuing this course to the EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 7
face at 540 feet from the portal. Near the portal it crosscuts schistose greenstone, beyond
which the greenstone is massive with some shearing. At about 400 feet from the portal
shearing along the hanging-wall of a wide, green, mica dyke similar to that found above was
encountered. There is also parallel shearing 30 feet to the west near the foot-wall of the
dyke. From the crosscut a drift extends 150 feet northerly following the rather open
shearing, 6 inches wide, along the hanging-wall, the dip varying from 30 to 50 degrees easterly.
Thence a crosscut extends 50 feet westerly and- from it a drift for 160' feet curving somewhat
west of north, following shearing in the greenstone below the dyke. These shears apparently
contain little or no quartz.
Thirteen Crown-granted claims and fractions—Bluebird, Joint, Shamrock,
Gold Belt       Dominion, Golden West, Double Joint, Sunbeam Fraction, Bruce Fraction,
Mining Co., Ltd. Columbia, Navada, Peggy, Twilight, and Happy Jean—'are owned by the
Gold Belt Mining Company, Limited.    The company also has under option
the six Crown-granted claims of the Clyde-Belt group, Belt, Clyde, Leach Fraction, Cathie
Fraction, Lily D., and Bella Watson Fraction.    The company also holds by location the following:  Fraction No. 1, Fractional No. 2, Lilian Fraction, No. 10 Fraction, and G.B. Fraction.
The claims lie on both sides of Sheep Creek adjoining the Golden Belle group; the holdings
of Reno Gold Mines, Limited;   the Fawn Mining Company;   Kootenay Belle Gold Mines,
Limited;  and Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Limited.    The Gold Belt Mining Company is a public
company incorporated in British Columbia, with head office in Vancouver.
The ground south of Sheep Creek, opposite the Reno mill, is underlain by quartzite of the
Quartzite Range formation, exposed in precipitous bluffs. This ground is essentially undeveloped. North of Sheep Creek the ground held lies down-stream from the Reno mill and
extends from creek-level at 3,200 feet elevation to an elevation of 6,300 feet on a spur from
Reno Mountain over a mile north of the creek. The ground extends from east to west from
one-quarter to three-quarters of a mile and from the creek north for a little over 1V2 miles.
The slope of the ground is commonly steep and outcrops are frequent. However, toward the
crest of the ridge and on the Nugget (Fawn) Creek slope there is a considerable depth
of overburden.
A branch road half a mile in length runs from the Sheep Creek Highway near the Reno
mill to the lowest workings and camp, a distance of 11% miles from Salmo. The upper
workings are served by a branch from the road to the Reno mine, the distance from Salmo
being about 14% miles.
The ground north of Sheep Creek is principally underlain by rocks of the Reno formation,
though the western side of the holdings is underlain by rocks of the Pend d'Oreille formation.
The workings are principally in rocks of the Reno series, consisting of brittle light-coloured
quartzites, dark rather impure quartzite, some limestone, and argillites that may grade into
phyllites. In general the beds strike about 15 degrees east of north and dip steeply to the
east. However, there is a good deal of local variation in the bedding; steep westerly dips
on the western side of the hard quartzites suggest local folding; elsewhere there seems to
have been adjustment along faults.
A fault is encountered near the inner end of the 200-level adit. It has been followed
for about 800 feet north-easterly by a drift. The horizontal displacement appears to be
about 20 feet, the south-east wall having moved north-easterly relative to the north-west
wall. The fault is marked by shearing that in a general way follows the bedding, which
strikes about north 22 degrees east. It dips very steeply to the east. Shearing at the end
of the 600-level adit probably represents the same fault. A deep steep-walled gulch of the
same general trend, which runs southerly past the Columbia No. 1 portal, is probably the
surface expression of the same fault.
A large aplite sill, probably that shown on the Geological Survey map of the area
(Map 299a), is exposed on the 1,850 level. This intrusive is 70 feet thick and appears to
follow the bedding of the rocks in which it occurs. The quartzite adjoining the sill, particularly to the west, appears to have been considerably altered as a result of the intrusion.
A series of fractures cut the bedded rocks. These fractures strike from north-east to
about due east. Generally they dip steeply to the south, though at places the dips may be
vertical or steep to the north-west. Quartz-filling in the fractures is usually much wider in
the quartzites than in the argillites.    In the zone of oxidation fine free gold may be panned E 8
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
LEGEND:
jGuart/jite        pi
JArgillite
(Impure Argillaceous Quart3ite containing more
|%%%|{ Or, less schistose Argillaceous beds and soma
(limy beds
JA^^MAplite dyke
r->/>;-ifoiytjand sulphide mineralisation
l-/'/J/   ^developed along bedding planes
V^    Lamprophyre dyke
/      Vein or fracture
* Fault
/      Dipjand strike of bedding
'so*    plane.
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd.    Plan of Workings after Company's Plan. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 9
frequently from the vein-matter. In the unoxidized parts of the veins gold appears to be
associated with pyrite, pyrrhotite, galena, and sphalerite. To date high values in veins in
the Gold Belt ground have been limited to narrow widths usually at comparatively shallow
depth, though on the 1,850 level, far below the zone of oxidation, assays in excess of an ounce
of gold per ton have been obtained from sulphide mineralization. Black fine-grained dykes
occur frequently in the main mass of hard quartzites. These dykes in places follow bedding-
planes, and in others cut them, then invade and tend to follow the vein-fracture and may
occupy most of a fracture for a considerable distance. Where the dykes cut veins there may
be a small displacement. Along some bedding-planes, quartz veinlets branch from the main
veins, accompanied by heavy impregnation of the quartzite by pyrite and pyrrhotite. This
feature was noticed particularly toward the western side of the quartzite, and there is an
apparent coincidence between the occurrence of quartz-impregnated, pyrite-mineralized
quartzite and the lamprophyre dykes. The heavily-mineralized quartzite appears to carry
negligible values in gold.
The Gold Belt Mining Company was incorporated early in 1933 to take over the assets
of a private company of the same name formed the previous year. In addition to the claims
mentioned in the first paragraph of this report, the company at one time had an option and
did work upon claims of the Golden Belle group. The ground held by the company includes
a number of claims on which considerable work had been done previously. The Joint, Double
Joint, and Golden West claims had lain idle since about 1906. Some work was done on the
Columbia and the Navada in 1909.
The Clyde Belt group was under development by the Britannia Mining and Smelting
Company in 1910 and 1911. The ground had long been inactive when acquired by the private
company. References to the various claims or groups will be found in Annual Reports of the
Minister of Mines from 1900 to 1910, under Columbia in 1928, and under the name of the
company from 1932 to date. References also appear under Gold Belt and Clyde Belt in
Memoir 172 of the Geological Survey of Canada.
After extensive surface prospecting, underground work was undertaken by the company
on what are known as the 200 level and, later, on the 600 level of the Gold Belt workings.
These adit-levels start as crosscuts on the Clyde claim and extend into the Bruce Fr., Sunbeam Fr., and Double Joint claims. The old Clyde Belt workings are on the Belt claim. Work
was also done on the Golden Belle group and a car of ore was shipped from these workings
in 1933. In 1934, 291 tons of selectively-mined ore was shipped to the smelter at Trail
from stopes above the 200 level of the Gold Belt.
Early in 1935 arrangements were made for financing by North American Mines, Inc.,
of Boston, and development on a programme outlined by the engineers of that organization
is still in progress. Diamond-drilling was done below the 600 level. Subsequently the compressor plant was transferred to a site on the Lily D. claim, and the 1,850 level, 1,250 feet
below the 600 level, was started as a crosscut which was driven northerly for approximately
3,150 feet. Drifts from this crosscut have been started at five points. Work has also been
done on the Columbia claim, consisting of trenching, advancing the old adit, and driving a
new adit 125 feet below the old one.    This work was suspended early in the fall of 1936.
Workings on this property are extensive; horizontal workings underground aggregate
about 2% miles in length. Work on the 1,850 level alone to the end of 1936 amounted to about
1% miles. The surface workings and the upper Gold Belt levels are described in the Annual
Reports of the Minister of Mines from 1932 to 1934, inclusive, and in Memoir 172 of the
Geological Survey. The earlier work is reviewed here and recent work described in detail.
The names of the workings and their relative positions are shown on the accompanying plan.
Such geological features as can be indicated on a small-scale plan are also shown.
The early surface work done by the present company was above the present Gold Belt
200 level. Prospecting was designed to discover the westward extension, into the Reno
quartzite, of veins known, in the Quartzite Range formation to the east, as the Motherlode
vein system.
In the 1932 Report of the Minister of Mines, B. T. O'Grady described the results obtained
by surface-trenching, from which the following is quoted:—
" The ' Reno ' quartzite where it traverses the Gold Belt property has a width of 750 feet,
measured stratigraphically, and a width of 1,100 feet measured along the strike of the vein-
fractures.    These are filled with quartz and crushed country-rock and the ore consists of E 10 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1936.
pyrite, galena, and sphalerite sparingly distributed through the quartz, with free gold visible
in numerous specimens. Unlike the extensively oxidized condition which prevailed in the
upper parts of ore-bodies in other mines of the camp, such as, for instance, at the Reno and
Nugget, properties, oxidation is very shallow or entirely absent, primary ore being exposed
at the surface as in the ' C ' vein-outcrop referred to hereinafter.
" Free gold is visible in specimens at numerous points for a length of 130 feet of the
ore-shoot, and in this section a grab sample, from which obviously rich specimens were excluded,
assayed: Gold, 1.44 oz. per ton; silver, 0.6 oz. per ton; lead, trace; zinc, 1 per cent. Next in
apparent importance is the Bruce vein, which was slightly explored by old workings, including
a 23-foot shaft, at the bottom of which is a 12-foot drift to the east. This is a strong quartz
vein which, according to the management, gives fair assays.
" The ' A' and ' B ' veins have shown good values in places, but no continuous ore-shoot
has been exposed as yet."
The extensive development done by the company on the 200 level was largely completed
by the end of 1934. The workings include an adit-crosscut driven 550 feet at north 23 degrees
west, with drifts east and west on three veins. The end of the adit exposes a fault striking
about north 22 degrees east and dipping very steeply to the east. This fault is close to the
western margin of the harder quartzites. Beyond the fault the rocks are sheared argillites
with some limy beds. The contact between the argillaceous quartzites and the softer argillites
is gradational. In a general way the fault follows the strike of the formation. The fault
crosses the adit at the commencement of " C " vein-drift. Beds on the south-east side of the
fault have been displaced about 20 feet north-easterly in relation to the corresponding beds
on the north-west side.
From near the end of the adit a drift follows the shearing north-easterly. Rather more
than 1,200 feet of work has been done in driving along the fault, in drifting along some narrow
fractures, and in crosscutting. The rocks are chiefly sheared argillites, though some platy
quartzite and some massive argillaceous quartzite are encountered toward the end of these
workings. The fractures or small shears on which drifting has been done contain but little
quartz, and that poorly mineralized.
The three veins drifted upon from the adit and their respective distances from the portal
are:  Bruce, 176feet;  "D," 388 feet;  and " C," 535 feet.
The Bruce vein in the drift to the west and for 20 feet to the east of the adit is in soft
argillaceous rocks, where it is represented by 1 to 2 feet of shearing containing a little white
quartz. From 20 to 1501 feet east the wall-rocks are harder and the vein-shear contains from
6 to 18 inches of white quartz.    Beyond this point the vein is weaker in softer rocks.
" D " vein, from 15 to 75 feet west of the adit, is stoped to a height of 15 to 20' feet above
the drift-floor. In this section the fracture has a width of from 10 to 16 inches and contains
quartz from 6 to 10 inches thick. Beyond the stoped section the wall-rocks are softer and at
the end of the drift are schistose. Some quartz occurs along the shearing principally as small
lenses. East of the adit the vein is stoped to about 12 feet above the floor for 65 feet, the
vein containing from 6 to 9 inches of quartz mineralized with fine pyrite. A sample across
8% inches of quartz assayed: Gold, 0.46 oz. per ton; silver, 0.35 oz. per ton. For the next
55 feet the roof of the drift is high; in this section the wall-rocks are argillaceous. Thence for
100' feet the ground has been stoped above the drift. At the east end of the stope the roof
is 30 feet above the floor of the drift. At the west end the roof is higher. Two raises
continue above the roof. The stope has a width of 1V2 to 3% feet. The vein is rather
irregular in dip and strike and consists of shear-gouge, crushed wall-rock, and quartz well
mineralized with pyrite. The width between walls varies from 1 to 2 feet, of which the
quartz occupies possibly one-third. The walls are softer at the east end of the stope and
the vein is weaker than at the west end. East of the stope the wall-rock is generally argillite
and the shearing is rather tight, with occasional lenses of vein-quartz. Some quartz is
developed in the wall-rocks.
In " C " vein-drift, east of the adit, the rock is generally sheared argillite and the fracture
is narrow. From 20 to 60 feet east of the adit there is from 4 to 10 inches of quartz in the
fracture and a considerable width of quartz is developed in the wall-rock. At 60 feet a strand
of quartz goes into the north wall, but shearing containing some quartz-lenses continues to
the face.    A raise to the surface, 220 feet above the 200 level, starts from the drift 35 feet EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 11
west of the adit. The lower part of the raise is in soft faulted ground. The ground in the
upper part of the raise and at the surface is more favourable. Concerning this section the
following is quoted from the 1934 Report by B. T. O'Grady:—
" Drifting was done on the 50-, 90-, and 120^foot levels measured down from the top.
Along the outcrop the ore-shoot is 155 feet long. Stoping has been done for this length
between the surface and the 50-foot level, where drifts extend 105 feet to the east and 71 feet
to the west. Drifts started at the 90-foot level are in 28 feet to the east and 20 feet to the west.
On the 120-foot level drifts extend 284 feet to the east and 22, feet to the west. In the eastern
working the first 30 feet from the raise is in a fault-zone, from 30 to 50 feet ore has been
stoped, and from this point to the face spots of high grade, which will be mined for shipment,
occur in the quartz."
Shipments made in 1934 came from the stopes on " C " and " D " veins. The following
information regarding the shipments is also quoted from the 1934 Annual Report:—
Dry Weight (Pounds).
Gold Assay.
From " D " Vein. From " C " Vein. Oz. per Ton.
91,198   4.155
  89,019 1.456
  97,773 1.47
  ,     94,144 1.6375
46,125 16,000 2,021
67,782   2.0755
  80,000 1.714
600 Level.—This level is 343 feet below the 200 level. The main adit is in 1,180 feet,
cutting the Bruce vein at 750 feet and the " D " vein at 990 feet from the portal. A drift
runs to the north-east along the formation at 1,030 feet from the portal, while at 1,160 feet
from the portal there are drifts on what is probably the " C " vein. On this level the rocks
are generally less quartzitic. They consist largely of sheared or platy argillites with argillaceous quartzite and some limestone. The veins are represented by irregular strands of
shear-gouge containing lenses or stringers of quartz. Quartz also follows the bedding of the
formation adjacent to the fissures. The Bruce and " D " veins contain some sections in
which there are fair quartz-lenses, tout the " O " vein or fissure and the workings from the
formation drift to the north-east show only gouge with small stringers of unmineralized quartz.
In " D " vein-drift, from 60 to 120 feet west of the adit, there is from 2 to 3% feet between
the walls of the fissure and in the filling there is up to 1% feet of quartz. At 110 feet from
the adit a raise follows the fissure. The ladder-way extends to 85 feet above the level, at
which point there is no quartz in the fissure.
1,850 Level.—This level, 1,250 feet below the 600 level, includes an adit 3,150 feet long
running into the mountain on a course of north 26 degrees 30' minutes west. Drifts from
this adit are the " 1,500 zone " drift at 1,300 feet from the portal, and the " 2,360," " 2,590,"
" 2,800," and " 3,040" drifts, the number indicating the approximate distance of the drift
from the portal of the adit.
The driving of this level was undertaken after studies of surface exposures and of the
upper levels, by engineers of North American Mines, Incorporated, had suggested that a
greater width of hard quartzite would be found at depth. This theory was tested by drilling
three diamond-drill holes downward from the 600 level.
On the 1,850 level the adit crosscuts good quartzite for about 1,100 feet, the true width
of the quartzite being a little less than 800 feet. The main body of quartzite of the Reno
formation was encountered at about 1,830 feet from the portal, and extends to about 2,900
feet, where it grades into thin-bedded argillites, with some limestone exposed at the end
of the adit. The adit starts in grey quartzite probably belonging to the base of the Quartzite
Range formation; thence it passes through argillaceous beds from 200 to 700 feet. At 700
feet it enters a body of aplite, of which the south-easterly contact conforms to the bedding,
and leaves the aplite, at about 790 feet, to enter quartzite. Near the contact the quartzite
appears to have been altered by solutions from the intrusion and is distinguished from the
aplite with some difficulty. The aplite appears to be a sill, the true width of which here is
about 70 feet.    Beyond this to the main mass of Reno quartzite the rocks exposed consist E 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
of ribs of grey quartzite, interbedded with black argillaceous quartzite, argillites, and limestone, the softer argillites and limestone predominating. Throughout the adit the beds have
about the same general strike, but vary locally from due north to 30 degrees east of north.
The dips are predominately to the east or the south-east, and from the portal to the main
mass of the Reno quartzite are generally from 65 to 50 degrees. In the main quartzite,
however, the dips to the east become much flatter,- this being particularly noticeable in the
2,590 drift east. In the adit between the 2,590 and 2,800 drifts the quartzite is massive,
disturbed, and jointed, some of the joints being filled with black lamprophyric dyke-matter.
At the 2,800 drift the dip of the beds has reversed and is steep to the north-west. This is also
the case at the west end of the 2,360 drift. Here, as at some other points close to lamprophyre
dykes, the quartzite-beds have been impregnated with quartz and pyrite over a considerable
width. A sample of such material assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 0.6 oz. per ton. Beyond the
2,800 drift the beds dip steeply to the south-east. This is also true of the argillite and
limestone north of the gradational contact.
1,500 Zone.—From 1,300 to 1,500 feet from the portal there are several shears or fractures
which have a general east-west trend, one of these at 1,300 feet containing some quartz.
This shearing has been followed westerly, and when the property was visited last in November
this drift had reached a distance of about 400 feet from the adit. To that point it was in
soft rocks and did not contain commercial mineralization. This drift is still being advanced
westward. It was reported that the quartzite was entered about where the end of the drift
is shown on the plan. More recent reports are that a quartz vein is now being followed in
the quartzite.
2,360 Vein.—This vein has a width of 13 inches of quartz at the adit, pinching somewhat
for 10 feet west, then widening to 2 feet, 30 feet west of the adit. In this length it is fairly
well mineralized. A sample at 20 feet west across 13 inches assayed: Gold, 0.46 oz. per ton;
silver, 0.2 oz. per ton. Thence to 105 feet west the vein is from 1 to 2 feet wide and banded,
but is reported to contain very little gold. From 105 to 200 feet, lamprophyre dyke-rock
occupies much of the fracture. From 200' to 450 feet there is from 2 to 6 feet of quartz
largely unmineralized, but usually showing some banding toward one wall and occasionally
containing patches of sulphides. Thence to the face at 590 feet the fracture is largely
occupied by dyke-rock. At the face the light-grey quartzite wall-rock, dipping at 80 degrees
to the west, is impregnated with quartz and sulphides.
In the drift to the east the vein widens to 3% feet at 20 feet, where the following samples
were taken: North side, 1 foot, vein-wall and well-mineralized quartz: Gold, 1.22 oz. per ton;
silver, 1 oz. per ton. Remainder of vein, 2% feet of white quartz unmineralized: Gold, trace;
silver, trace. Going east, the vein widens to 6 feet at 80 feet, but is poorly mineralized.
It narrows again to 2 feet at 140 feet; a sample across the wide section assayed: Gold, trace;
silver, 0.8 oz. per ton. The vein widens again to 4% feet of white quartz at 185 feet. At 195
feet the vein splits and from this point on there is comparatively little quartz, and that tends
to run off into the bedding. At 230 feet there is a short crosscut to the south at a point where
a shear comes in from the south wall. From this point to 320 feet east there is from 2 to 5
feet of shearing with some quartz along the north wall. In this section the walls are
argillaceous. Thence to the face at 355 feet the shearing is narrow; in the face it is 6 inches
wide in black argillaceous quartzite.
The 2,590 drift follows a vein east and west of the adit. Twenty feet west of the adit
the vein is represented by 6 inches of quartz, and continues at this width to 30 feet, where a
lamprophyre dyke enters the fracture from the north and follows west along the vein for
20 feet before it leaves the fracture to follow the beds into the south wall. Thence the vein
is narrow for some distance west. From 100 to 118 feet the fracture is occupied principally
by dyke-matter. In the vicinity of the dykes the quartzite in the walls is impregnated with
quartz, pyrite, and pyrrhotite. From 118 to 145 feet the vein has a width of 11 to 15 inches
of quartz mineralized with pyrite, galena, and sphalerite. At 140 feet a sample across
1 foot of well-mineralized quartz assayed: Gold, 1.2 oz. per ton; silver, 1 oz. per ton; lead,
nil; zinc, 1 per cent. From this point on, the vein is quite narrow. From a width of 6 inches,
20 feet west of the adit, the vein increases to 1% feet in the adit, where a sample across 8V2
inches of well-mineralized quartz assayed: Gold, 0.52 oz. per ton; silver, 1.6 oz. per ton.
This is the south half of the vein;  the north half is scarcely mineralized.    The vein is followed EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 13
east to a point 280 feet from the adit. It has a width of 7 to 12 inches to 85 feet, where it is
cut by a 2-foot lamprophyre dyke. East of this there is from 1 to 18 inches of quartz in the
fracture, though the fracture, with included horses of quartzite, may be up to 2 feet in width.
A second dyke cuts the vein at 180 feet. Company sampling of the vein gave low values,
except for short sections in the west drift and at the adit.
In the first 50 feet the 2,800 drift east follows grey quartzite-beds which dip to the west
and are impregnated with quartz and sulphides; similar impregnations are mentioned at
various other points. The face of the drift was at 50 feet when the property was last visited.
A short drift also extends south-west following the same beds.
The 3,040 drift starts in thin-bedded quartzites interbedded with argillite north of the
main mass of quartzite. It follows an irregular fracture from which splits run off along the
bedding-planes. There is little quartz present. At 185 feet from the adit the drift swings to
a more easterly course at a roll in the bedding of the formation. There is some limestone on
the south wall at the centre of the roll.    From this point on the fracture is rather weak.
Of the drifts on this level, the 2,800 and the 3,040 were not impressive, while the 1,500
zone-drift had not entered the quartzite when the writer last visited the property. The 2,360
and 2,590 veins, on the other hand, are strong, and at the time of examination there was still
a considerable distance easterly along the strike in which the fractures should be in quartzite.
West of the adit both fractures are occupied in part by lamprophyre dyke-rock. In general
the quartz in these veins is poorly mineralized, while some of the mineralized sections do not
carry values. However, other well-mineralized sections on both veins do carry values in gold,
which, even though spotty, indicate that some of the primary sulphides carry encouraging
values. Commercial concentrations of such mineralization might be found on the extensions
of these veins or at another horizon. A short section in the 2,360 vein lying on each side of
the adit might be regarded as commercial.
Columbia Workings.—These workings are situated about half a mile west of the
1,850-level portal. They consist of surface-stripping along a vein; No. 1 level at 4,570 feet
elevation is approximately 880 feet above the 1,850 level, and the No. 2 level is at 4,450 feet
elevation.
No. 1 level, an adit, starts on the western side of a ridge which slopes steeply to a deep
draw. This draw is probably the surface expression of the fault encountered at the inner
end of the Gold Belt 200 level. The adit is 218 feet in length and is driven north-east through
platy beds, passing to more massive beds of quartzite near the face. In the first 60 feet there
is from 4 to 6 inches of rusty quartz; from there for some distance the vein is tight; the
roof of the working is altered and quite rusty. Near the face there is from 2 to 3% feet of
sheared quartzite containing 50 per cent, of vein-quartz mineralized with pyrite. Free gold
can be panned from rusty material in the cut and in the outer part of the adit, where the vein
is narrow. In these sections high values in gold have been obtained over narrow widths, but
the greater width at the face carries very low values.
No. 2 level adit starts from the south-eastern side of the ridge and is driven north-west
for about 360 feet. To 150 feet from the portal the rocks are platy and argillaceous; thence
to 300 feet they are light-grey thick-bedded quartzites striking a little east of north; thence to
360 feet the beds are argillaceous. At about 345 feet is 1 foot of shearing following the
bedding, which dips at about 70 degrees to the west. The shear contains about 6 inches of
quartz and much rust.    A drift on this shearing extends 20 feet south and 4 feet north.
At approximately 285 feet from the portal a drift goes south 10 degrees west for 30 feet,
following thick beds of quartzite which dip 60 degrees to the west. This is practically at the
contact of the quartzite with the argillaceous beds to the west. A fracture striking about due
north and dipping 55 degrees to the east cuts the beds of quartzite, which are impregnated with
quartz and pyrite over a width of about 6 feet.
From the same point in the adit a drift extends 90 feet south-west, following a fracture
with smooth walls, which strikes south 40 degrees west and dips 65 degrees to the north-west.
Both sides of the drift are in argillite. There is a little quartz along the fracture. A drift
follows the fracture from the adit north-easterly in the quartzite for 224 feet. From 25 to
35 feet from the adit the thick quartzite-beds north-west of the fracture are heavily impregnated with quartz and pyrite.    North-east of this point the fracture is strong, 6 inches to E 14 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
2V2 feet between the walls, and a good deal of quartz is developed in the fracture and in the
wall-rock along it. At 100 feet from the adit a sample across 1.6 feet of quartz mineralized
with pyrite assayed: Gold, 0.14 oz. per ton; silver, 0.3 oz. per ton. The vein is somewhat
sinuous. Beyond this point it narrows rapidly and continues as a tight fracture to the face,
where it dips 75 degrees to the north-west. At 150' feet from the adit there is a short crosscut
on each side of the drift. Here the beds strike north 25 degrees east and dip at 30 degrees
to the east, in contrast with the westerly dip of the beds at the adit.
Five   Crown-granted  claims,   Ore  Hill,  Dixie,  Ore  Hill  Number   Three,
Kootenay Ore    Standard, and Last Dollar Fractional, known as the Ore Hill group, with
Hill Gold Mines, three adjoining claims, Royal Ann, Royal Ann Number One, and Royal
Ltd. Ann Fractional, held by location, have been acquired by the above company
from the vendor, J. Gallo. The head office of the company is given as in
the Credit Foncier Building, Vancouver. The claims are situated in the Sheep Creek area
of the Nelson Mining Division. They are near the head of Billings (Coon) Creek, lying
principally to the east of the creek and immediately north of the Summit group.
Billings Creek flows northerly to Sheep Creek at a steep gradient between spurs from
Mount Waldie. Precipitous outcrops of quartzite form a rim to the south and east at the
head of the creek, while to the west softer rocks of the Pendl d'Oreille series stand out less
prominently. Below the rim there is a considerable thickness of overburden, with occasional
rock-outcrops on the steeper slopes. In slightly more than half a mile from north to south
the ground covered by the Crown-granted claims rises from 5,000 to 6,000 feet elevation.
The present workings are situated near the creek at elevations from about 5,200 to 5,500 feet.
A truck-road has been built to the property from the short branch road connecting the
Queen mine with the Sheep Creek Road. The new road climbs 1,850 feet in a distance of
3'% miles, the upper end of the road being convenient to the new upper adit on the Ore Hill
claim.
As mapped on the Salmo Sheet (Map 299a, Geological Survey of Canada) the area
covered by the Crown-granted claims is underlain by rocks of the upper part of the Reno
and the lower part of the Pend d'Oreille formations. Where best exposed on the ridge east
of Billings Creek, the rocks of the Reno series consist of light-coloured quartzites with which
occur some bands of crystalline limestone up to 30 feet in thickness. The Pend d'Oreille series
is covered in most places by overburden, but is exposed occasionally along the creek. The
contact is mapped as crossing Billings Creek near the head and trending somewhat east of
north. The present workings are principally in rocks of the Pend dfOreille series, which
have been much folded and1 contorted. These rocks are dark argillaceous quartzites, argillites
which may be more or less sheared, dark impure limestone usually thin-bedded, and crystalline
limestone in which bedding-planes are poorely developed. The beds strike generally east of
north, but vary from 10 degrees west to 40 degrees east of north. The dips are generally
steep to the east, but vary from about 40 degrees to the east to steep to the west.
One type of mineralization observed is replacement of limestone along the bedding by
sulphides of lead, zinc, and iron. An old surface cut and adit, east of the creek somewhat
north of the blacksmith-shop, show quite good lead-zinc mineralization over a width of 3 to 4
feet.    It is reported that this mineralization is low in gold and silver.
Galena, sphalerite, pyrrhotite, pyrite, and a little chalcopyrite also occur with quartz
in fractures. Where one or both walls of the fracture is in limestone the mineralization may
consist of almost solid! sulphides, which appear to have replaced the limestone, giving rise
to lenses up to several inches in thickness. In such places there is also a tendency for the
mineralization to follow along the bedding as solid sulphide or as disseminated grains. The
highest values in gold have been obtained in solid sulphides containing a good deal of lead,
but quite good values have also been obtained in quartz mineralized with pyrrhotite or with
pyrrhotite and sphalerite.    Silver values are comparatively low.
In the soft rocks of the Pend d'Oreille series the fracturing is weak and the widths narrow
and irregular. Though occasionally branching fractures may give a width of 2 feet or even
greater, in general the commercial mineralization appears to be limited to small lenses of
sulphides. The present upper adit-level has penetrated argillaceous quartzites to the east,
which are regarded as more favourable for occurrence of fissure-veins. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 15
There are several old workings in the ridge east of Billings Creek and below the Summit
workings. Apparently this work was done from 1910 to 1917, in which period brief references
to the Ore Hill group appeared in the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines. During that
period a mill with a capacity of about 7 tons daily was built, equipped with a crusher, stamps,
Wilfley table, and Johnstone Frue vanner.
In 1934 Joe Gallo optioned the five Crown-granted claims and obtained the three locations
mentioned above. In 1995 a small stope was opened from the surface near the Summit
boundary. High-grade ore from a narrow vein in limestone was mined and sacked. Some
ore was also sorted from old dumps. A surface trench opened mineralization for a length
of 60 feet along fracturing in limestone. In December an adit was started at a depth of 100
feet below the surface cut. A small compressor driven by a Diesel engine was installed.
During 1936 the adit was continued to a length of 385 and considerable drifting was done
from it. Another adit 180 feet lower was driven 1,0'95 feet and some drifting done. On
the upper level a small stope was opened from a drift to the west. The ore shipped during
the year came principally from the upper level, but included ore sacked in 1935. Shipments
in 1936 totalled 427 tons, containing 686 oz. gold, 1,080 oz. silver, 47,707 lb. lead, and 40,083
lb. zinc.
In October a mill was constructed convenient to the portal of the lower adit, equipped
with a 6- by 8-inch jaw-crusher, a Straub Rib-Cone ball-mill approximately 15 by 30 inches,
and) a Straub table 8 by 4 feet, all driven by a Fairbanks-Morse 26-horse-power Diesel engine.
It is understood that the capacity of the plant has been increased to about 15 tons per day
by the addition of a second small ball-mill.    New camp accommodation has also been provided.
On Ore Hill ground, in addition to old workings lying below the adits on the Summit
group, there are at least seven adits east of Billings Creek. Of these, two are comparatively
near the creek apparently in rocks of the Pend d'Oreille series, while the others in the ridge
well above the creek are probably in the Reno formation. Most of these workings are now
largely caved. The writer visited the old workings, but found little evidence of commercial
mineralization in those now accessible. The course of fractures across the disturbed weak
rocks of the Pend d'Oreille series between the old workings and the current workings is
difficult to predit. The writer visited the property on several occasions from October 11th,
1935, to October 2nd, 1936. The following description of workings covers conditions to the
latter date:—■
On the Standard claim, north of the No. 3 adit of the Summit workings, is a caved adit;
farther down the hill to the north is an open-cut about 100 feet long. The cut is from 6 to 12
feet wide and apparently follows shearing along the bedding, in which some quartz and
sulphides were developed. The old camp lies a short distance to the west. Another rock-cut
30 feet north-east of the first is about 20 feet long and exposes a fracture cutting the bed's.
The fracture is tight at both ends of the cut and in between is from 2 to 6 inches in width.
It is filled with quartz and some sulphides. The trench, 60 feet in length, made in 1936, is a
further 40 feet down the hill: It cuts through 2 to 4 feet of overburden and exposes white
crystalline limestone. The limestone strikes about north 15 degrees east and dips steeply to
the east. Two narrow fractures striking about north 75 degress east and dipping steeply to
the north are exposed for most of the length of the cut. The fractures, in widths from a
crack to perhaps 3 inches, are filled with mixed sulphides. Sulphides are also developed in
streaks and disseminated grains along the bedding-planes of the limestone. At the east end
of the trench a fracture striking north 60 degrees east was observed. A sample of sulphide
from the trench assayed: Gold, 0.88 oz. per ton; silver, 5 oz. per ton; lead, 5 per cent.; zinc,
trace.    Cuts a little farther to the east do not show similar mineralization.
The new upper adit is driven from a point just west of the creek 1001 feet lower than the
trench, on a course south 4 degrees east. It cuts limestone and more or less sheared argillite
to 310 feet from the portal; thence to the face at 385 feet it cuts dark argillaceous quartzites.
At 310 feet from the portal there is some shearing along the contact between limestone on the
north and argillaceous quartzite to the south, and also fracturing that probably is the downward continuation of the fracturing in the surface cut. A fracture runs westerly into the
limestone, and another running north-easterly cuts the dark argillaceous quartzite. The
fractures dip steeply to the north.    In the shattered ground some quartz is developed and E 16 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
considerable galena, sphalerite, and pyrrhotite occur over a width of about 2 feet. Some
mineralization appears to follow northerly along the contact. The mean of two samples
across a width of 2 feet was: Gold, 0.53 oz. per ton; silver, 1.4 oz. per ton. Selected sulphide
assayed: Gold, 1.34 oz. per ton; silver, 2.6 oz. per ton; lead, 7.3 per cent.; zinc, 17.9 per cent.
Ten feet south of the drifts is a fracture running about east-west in the argillite and dipping
40 degrees to the north.    This fracture contains up to 1% inches of sulphides.
A drift to the west at 310 feet from the portal follows the fracture in limestone for 80
feet at south 75 degrees west. The face of the drift is in argillite striking north 35 degrees
east and dipping 50 degrees to the south-east. From 5 to 30 feet is a stope, and in this section
appears a streak of solid sulphides from 2 to 6 inches in width. There is also less regular
mineralization following bedding-planes. West of the stope the vein is generally less than
2 inches thick and is represented in the face by a %-ineh quartz stringer.
Another drift from the same point extends for 315 feet on a general course of north
57 degrees east. In the first 12 feet the 2-foot mineralized width pinches down to 3 inches
of gouge, which is followed for 40 feet where a shear cuts across the working. Beyond this
the working had little to follow. At 90 feet a branch turns to the left at north 25 degrees
east in argillaceous quartzite. The right-hand branch follows the general course along narrow
fracturing which comes in from the south wall at 95 feet. The fracturing cuts argillites and
argillaceous quartzites and is marked by quartz occasionally as much as 6 inches wide. Near
the face the fracturing is very weak. At the face in argillaceous quartzite a crosscut driven
to the south-east had just entered a vein of easterly strike and dipping at about 30 degrees
to the north. The width of this vein was not exposed, but it appeared to consist of not less
than 2 feet of well-mineralized quartz.
At about 20 feet inside the portal of the new upper adit mineralization was discovered in
limestone. This has been followed by drifting for 20 feet at south 40 degrees west. The
ground is somewhat broken and the minerals are oxidized. In the face 4 to 8 inches of
mineralized quartz dips to the north-west at 35 degrees. A sample across the full width
assayed:   Gold, 1.52 oz. per ton;  silver, 0.1 oz. per ton;  lead, trace;  zinc, 3 per cent.
The lower adit has been driven for 1,095 feet at south 7 degrees east from a point just
west of the creek 180 feet below the upper adit and 610 feet north of the upper portal. It
is driven through limestone and argillite with some argillaceous quartzite. Locally the beds
show wide variations in dip and strike. At 350 feet from' the portal there is a fracture along
which there has been some displacement. A lens of sulphide with a maximum thickness of
8 inches, containing abundant galena, extends from the roof half-way down the west wall
and north-easterly pinches out in the roof about 8 feet from the west wall. The fracture,
cutting argillaceous quartzite interbedded with limestone, has been followed north-easterly
for 95 feet. The fracture dips from 50 to 70 degrees to the north-west and is offset somewhat
by faults at several points. Along it there may be up to 4 inches of quartz mineralized with
varying amounts of sulphides. Ten feet from the face 4 inches of quartz well mineralized
with pyrrhotite assayed: Gold, 0.94 oz. per ton; silver, 0'.05 oz. per ton; lead, nil; zinc,
1.5 per cent.
At 865 feet from the adit-portal a drift has been driven 50 feet at south 60 degrees west,
following a rather tight fracture. In the face 3 inches of limestone showed fracturing and
contained a little sphalerite. A fracture 25 feet in striking south 30 degrees west and dipping
rather steeply to the south-east has been followed for 15 feet by widening the drift. A little
scattered mineralization is developed in the limestone adjacent to this fracture.
Three claims, known as the Lone Silver, Lone Silver Number Two, and Lone
Lone Silver.     Silver Number Three, are recorded in the names of John and Robert Sapples,
of Salmo. Recently the claims have been under lease to E. Berg, S. Heidler,
and E. Reulle. The property was formerly known as the Hope mine. The claims are situated east of Rosebud Lake, in the Nelson Mining Division. They are reached by a fair road
which leaves the Nelson-Nelway Highway at a point 10% miles south of Salmo, just past
the South Fork of Salmo River. The branch road climbs to a bench; then follows an easy
grade south-east to a point 2 miles from the main road, where a branch approximately 1 mile
in length goes south-easterly to the workings. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 17
The lake lies in an area of flat-lying land at approximately 2,650 feet elevation. Immediately south-east of the lake a hill rises to an elevation of 3,700' feet, and from it a ridge
about 400 feet above the flat extends somewhat north of east for a mile. The claims lie on
the north-facing slope of the hill and ridge. The whole section of country has been burned
over in recent years.
Rock-exposures on the ridge consist of dark, more or less dolomitic limestone and platy
argillites of the Pend d'Oreille series, striking generally east to west and dipping steeply
to the south.    In the vicinity of the workings the rocks are disturbed and faulted.
Mineralization in general follows bedding-planes along which there has been some movement. Quartz and sulphide minerals have entered the various openings. Surface alteration
has resulted in formation of azurite and malachite, probably secondary after grey copper.
Some galena is to be seen. Early shipments carried values in silver, while shipments in
1936, though not high in silver, carried good values in gold.
Before the war the property, then the Hope, was explored by four adits, and it is understood that some six cars of high-grade silver ore were shipped. The claims lapsed and lay
idle until 1935. In 1936 lessees reopened the most westerly adit and mined some high-grade
shipping-ore. Three small shipments of sorted ore totalled 23.65 tons and averaged approximately:  Gold, 2,2 oz. per ton;  silver, 48 oz. per ton; lead, 5 per cent.;  zinc, 3.5 per cent.
The four adits are numbered from west to east; of these, 2 and 3i are caved at the portals.
The first three are at about the same elevation, roughly 70 feet above the flat. No. 2i is 90 feet,
and No. 3 is 225 feet from No. 1 on a course of north 65 degrees east. No. 4 adit is about
175 feet south 45 degrees east from and 105 feet higher than No. 3.
At about 10© feet south 60 degrees east from the portal of No. 4, and 80 feet higher, an
old stope comes through to the surface. From this a badly-caved cut extends 6©1 feet south
70 degrees east. The cut appears to have been made along a schistose-greenstone dyke, largely
carbonatized. Near the west end there is a width of 8 inches of brecciated dolomitic limestone
impregnated with quartz and showing some copper-stain.
The adit below is driven south-easterly for 50 feet, cutting through sheared argillite and
dolomitic limestone, which strike north 60 degrees east and dip 66 degrees south-easterly.
The working then turns south for 10 feet to connect with a short stope about 5% feet wide.
The hanging-wall strikes south 70 degrees east and dips 70 degrees southerly. From the
stope a drift extends 8 feet westerly. Stoping extends below the level. The roof of the drift
and the stope consists of brecciated and altered dolomitic limestone, showing some rust.
Along the hanging-wall there is from 3 to 8 inches of quartz with a good deal of copper-stain.
Three samples were taken here:—
Sample.
Gold.
Silver.
Copper.
Lead'.
Zinc.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
Oz. per Ton.
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
No. 1
Trace
16.0
0.3
Trace
0.5
Face of drift, No. 4 level; 5-inch
quartz with copper-stain along
hanging-wall.
No. 2
Trace
1.0
Nil
Nil
Nil
Face of drift, No. 4 level; 5-foot
brecciated limestone in foot-wall
of No. 1.
No. 3
Trace
2.4
Nil
Nil
Nil
Roof of drift at collar; 4.5 feet
brecciated limestone excludes 8-
inch quartz at hanging-wall.
From a 40-foot cut through wash and rock, No. 1 adit goes in 105 feet at south 20 degrees
west. At the portal limestone-beds strike north 60 degrees west and have a low dip to the
south. There is a fault 55 feet from the portal about on the strike of the formation and
dipping 55 degrees to the north. Just north of the fault the limestone also dips to the north.
Thirty feet farther in is another fault of about the same strike, but dipping 26 degrees to the
north. Between the two is graphitic schist. Beyond the second fault the rock is limestone;
the beds stand vertically and strike south 35 degrees west. The first 56 feet of the adit
crosscuts a shallow trough of limestone in which mineralization has been developed following E 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
the bedding. Ore has been stoped from several small chambers to the west of the working.
The following samples give a section obtained 10 feet west of the working at 30 feet from
the portal:—
Sample.
Gold.
Silver.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
Oz. per Ton.
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
No. 4
0.01
71.0
8.3
7.0
9.5
3 inches sheared limestone showing
copper-stain.
No. 5
0.12
5.0
0.1
Nil
3.0
14 inches shattered limestone below
No.  4.
No. 6
0.90
33.5
1.2
3.0
3.0
9 inches of quartz with galena and
copper-stain lying on 2 inches of
gouge below No. 5.
The property known as the Bunker Hill group, consisting of two Crown-
Waneta Gold    granted claims, Bunker Hill and Mormon Girl, and surrounding them fourteen
Mines, Ltd.      adjacent located claims, is owned by Waneta Gold Mines, Limited, of Nelson.
The claims are situated on Limpid   (16-Mile)   Creek,  north of the Pend
d'Oreille River, in the Nelson Mining Division.    Practically all the ground held lies east of
Limpid Creek.    The stream-valleys are deeply cut.    The slope toward Limpid Creek is steep.
Above the underground workings and somewhat to the north is a westerly-trending ridge,
to the crest of which the slope is moderate.    Bed-rock is generally heavily covered with
overburden, though toward the crest of the ridge there are several outcrops.    A branch road
to  the property leaves  the  Nelway-Waneta  Highway  at  about  6%   miles  from   Nelway.
In 4 miles from the highway to the mine camp the road climbs 1,800 feet.
The underlying rocks are mapped as " Reno series," intruded by granitic rocks of the
Nelson batholith. Reference to the geology of the area and under " Bunker Hill " a description
of the property appears in Memoir 172 of the Geological Survey of Canada. Mention is made
of a north-easterly-trending major fault crossing the Pend d'Oreille River half a mile below
the mouth of 15-Mile Creek and of minor faulting in the locality. References to the property
also appear in the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines for 1933 and 1934.
Rocks of the Reno series exposed on the surface and underground consist of impure
quartzites, more or less sheared argillites, and impure limestones. These rocks are disturbed
by folding and faulting. Within short distances there are great variations in the attitude
of the bedding-planes. A large mass of granite outcrops some distance east of the underground workings and some granitic dykes have been exposed underground. There are also
some lamprophyre dykes, along some of which there has been displacement.
A number of quartz veins have been partially developed by adits and surface workings.
As indicated on the accompanying plan, these veins vary considerably in strike and dip and
are displaced by faulting. The intensity of mineralization varies greatly. The principal
sulphides observed are pyrite and molybdenite. Bismuth telluride has also been reported.
Values in gold and silver may be associated with the pyrite. In 1934 shipments of sorted ore
totalling 91 tons averaged 0.618 oz. gold per ton and 0.4 oz. silver per ton. In general the
veins cut the formation, but in the surface showings some quartz appears to have developed
along the bedding-planes of quartzite.
The property has been prospected by three adits, of which No. 1 at 3,865 feet elevation
and No. 2 at 3,800 feet elevation are old workings. Prior to 1900' the property had been
equipped with a 10-stamp mill. Probably the stoping above No. 1 level was done at that
period. Subsequently the Crown-granted claims reverted to the Crown. In 1933 a private
company acquired the two claims and fourteen locations staked around them. Surface prospecting was done and some 52 tons of ore of varying grade was shipped from the surface
workings to the smelter at Trail. The 91 tons shipped in 1934 came from an underhand stope
below No. 2 level. In 1935 the property was acquired by the present company and No. 3 level,
120 feet below No. 2, was started. Some diamond-drilling was done on this level in the
spring of 1936. After a shut-down of several months in the summer work has been resumed
recently. The property is equipped with a bunk-house having accommodation for about twenty
men and with a Sullivan 320-cubic-foot compressor driven directly by a Ruston Diesel engine. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 19 E 20 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
Near the portal of No. 2 level a number of open-cuts and a short adit expose a quartz
vein or veins of northerly strike and easterly dip. There is some evidence of faulting.
The quartz is varyingly mineralized and contains some molybdenite and fine-grained pyrite.
The width of quartz varies from 1 to 5 feet.
Quartz in the three adits, in cuts north of No. 1 portal, and in a cut some 50© feet
north-east of the portal marked " Blue Quartz Vein " on the plan may all belong to one vein,
which varies greatly in width, is much faulted, and in general strikes east to west and dips
at from 23 to 45 degrees to the south.
About 200 feet south-easterly from the last-mentioned cut is a long cut running somewhat
south of east, following a fracture which crosses the contact between quartzite to the west
and granite to the east. This fracture dips to the north at about 30 degrees. It is weaker
in the quartzite than in the granite, being but a mere crack 20 feet west of the contact.
In the granite there is from 1 to 3% feet of quartz irregularly mineralized with molybdenite,
pyrite, and some fine black sulphide. This quartz is reported to carry spotty gold values.
Some 50 tons of rather low-grade material shipped in 1933 was reported to come principally
from this cut. Two hundred feet to the north is a large stripping showing poorly-mineralized
quartz 3 feet thick, apparently developed along the bedding-planes of the quartzite.
The " Blue Quartz Vein " in the open-cut has a thickness of 3 to 8 inches and dips at
45 degrees to the south. The foot-wall is of light-coloured quartzite, while the hanging-wall
is somewhat argillaceous quartzite. There is a marked difference between the attitudes
of the bedding-planes in the two walls. It is reported that 2.2 tons of ore shipped in 1933,
which averaged 0.51 oz. gold per ton and 0.4 oz. silver per ton, came from this cut.
Open-cuts north of No. 1 portal expose slightly mineralized quartz 5 feet thick. In a stope
which is caved to the surface similar material can be seen and there is evidence of faulting.
At the portal of No. 1 level is a showing of quartz about 3 feet wide. This is cut by a
lamprophyre dyke 20 feet from the portal. Beyond the dyke quartz can be seen for 60 feet
behind lagging. The vein is apparently crushed here and might be regarded as drag. Some
of the quartz is very rusty and was found to yield fine free gold on panning. Stoping above
the drift ends at about 125 feet from the portal. Near the end of the stope on the hanging-
wall side of the drift quartz is exposed. A sample across the width, 2.2 feet, assayed: Gold,
0.14 oz. per ton; silver, 0.4 oz. per ton. Beyond the stope the drift appears to be in the
foot-wall of the vein for 75 feet, at which point quartz shows in the south wall in contact
with a 2-foot dyke of granite. The drift continues south-easterly, at 75 feet encountering
a 20-foot decomposed lamprophyre dyke containing rounded boulders of granite. Beyond this
the drift continues easterly for about 125 feet, exposing a little quartz going into the south
wall 26 feet past the dyke. As much of this working is off the vein, some crosscutting in the
vicinity of the dykes is indicated.
No. 2 level is apparently north of the vein to 140 feet from the portal, where it encounters
well-mineralized quartz from 3 to 5 feet thick, dipping at about 23 degrees to the south.
Bounded by a fault on the east and apparently pinching to the west, this quartz was stoped
18 feet along the strike and below the drift for about 30' feet down the dip. The 91 tons
of ore shipped in 1934 is reported to have come from this stope. The quantity shipped would
be about half the computed vein volume in the ground stoped. Above the stope a raise goes
through to the surface in faulted ground. East of the stope the ground is faulted and there
are some lamprophyre dykes. A drift swings to the north for 50 feet, following some quartz.
Thence it turns north-easterly through a fault and follows quartz, of good width but poorly
mineralized, for about 50 feet farther, at which point there is another fault. The drift
continues off the vein to the face 30 feet north-east.
No. 3 level starts in argillite containing some limestone-beds. It is driven easterly along
a projected course of the vein. A vein was encountered at about 950 feet from the portal,
where some quartz comes in from the south wall at a fault. Apparently the vein east of the
fault is displaced slightly toward the north. The walls here are of quartzite. The vein has
been followed east for 66 feet to another fault. Its width varies from 4 feet to a few inches
and may average W2 feet. In general the quartz is well mineralized with pyrite. A sample
across 3 feet of well-mineralized quartz assayed: Gold, 0.20 oz. per ton; silver, 0.4 oz. per ton.
The working continues for 30 feet, cutting through a granitic dyke about 4 feet thick but
not encountering any vein-matter. A diamond-drill hole was drilled north-easterly from the
end of the drift, but no other effort has been made to locate the vein. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 21
At the point where vein-quartz was first encountered a crosscut has been driven north
25 feet along the fault. To the south-west a drift has been driven about 50 feet, following
the quartz, which in 15 feet pinches from 4 to 2 feet in width. Beyond this point it pinches
still further and is little more than a crack-filling at the face.
A raise inclined at 50 degrees has been put up to the south from the main adit, some
65 feet west of the place where the vein was encountered. The raise crosses a fault about
50 feet above the level. A little nearer the portal some diamond-drilling was done to test
the walls, but yielded no results of interest.
It is apparent that faulting is a problem at this property and that all work must be
skilfully directed if wasted work is to be avoided. Further surface cutting to prospect the
northerly-trending vein or veins near the portal of No. 2 adit, and possibly to determine the
downward extension of the " Blue Quartz Vein," might yield results of interest without large
expense.    Some carefully-directed work underground would also appear to be justified.
Paulson Area.
The ridge between McRae Creek and Big Sheep Creek, which forms the boundary between
Trail Creek and Grand Forks Mining Divisions, east of Paulson, consists generally of a
rolling surface from which the westerly and south-westerly slope to McRae and Coryell
Creeks is quite steep, while the easterly slope to Big Sheep Creek is precipitous. The eastern
side of the ridge is deeply cut by Iron and Bonanza Creeks, which flow through canyons to
join Big Sheep Creek. Much of the area has been burned over, but some timber remains in
protected sections. In general rock-exposures are good, though at some points there is a
considerable thickness of overburden.
Paulson is a flag-station on the Kettle Valley Railway 19 miles northerly from Cascade.
It may also be reached from Cascade by road which from Alpine Lodge to Paulson is narrow
and winding. From Paulson a fair road 5% miles long leads to the Inland Empire camp,
approximately at 5,100 feet elevation. The road crosses the railway about three-quarters of
a mile from Paulson, approximately at 3,640 feet elevation, then follows up Walker Creek.
From the Inland Empire camp a branch road, now in poor condition, goes south and westerly
to the Albion No. 2 workings, a distance of approximately 1 mile, and from that point a trail
runs westerly to claims on the McRae Creek slope. From a point on the main road near the
Inland Empire camp a narrow road, generally at easy grade, leads to the Cascade-Bonanza
workings on Iron Creek, a distance of about 2% miles. From a point on this road about
half a mile from the main road a trail goes to the old " Huckleberry " cabin on the Enterprise
claim.
In this area work has been done at various times over many years. References to work
on the Inland Empire group and other properties appear in Annual Reports of the Minister
of Mines from 1905 on. It is reported that work had been done from some time prior to 1905.
A considerable number of claims which have been Crown-granted are shown on Reference
Map 11t269, issued by the Department of Lands.
A stamp-mill equipped with concentrating-tables was built for the Inland Empire
property about 1912, and treated, according to official records, 3,520 tons of ore from the
mine. Recovery, including concentrates shipped to the smelter at Trail, amounted to 60 oz.
gold and 1,853 oz. silver, which obviously was not an economic operation. However, from
the near-by Berlin-Alice L. group shipping-ore was produced amounting to 208 tons, containing
663 oz. gold, 3,072 oz. silver, and 1,247 lb. copper. Shipments were also made from the
Cascade and Bonanza workings, reference to which appear below. The Annual Reports also
mention shipments of the mixed sulphide ore from the Enterprise claim, though there appears
to be no official record of the shipments. Work in the area has been sporadic and of recent
years very little has been done.
The area was mapped geologically on the West Kootenay Sheet of the Geological Survey
at 4 miles to the inch, published in 1904. In general the northern part of the area is mapped
as Nelson Granite, containing tongues and isolated remnants of the Rossland Volcanic group
occupying the central part. To the south the Rossland Volcanics are in similar relationship
with the Rossland Alkali-Granite and Syenite.
From the Inland Empire and Berlin-Alice L. groups southerly to Iron Creek the exposures
are of granitic rocks, but on the south side of Iron Creek the rocks exposed are greenstones of E 22 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
the Rossland Volcanic group. There is also an area of greenstone to the west. Especially
in the vicinity of Iron Creek there are numerous wide dykes, usually porphyritic, and varying
considerably in composition, but apparently dominantly syenitic. Farther east the ground
covered by the Enterprise group appears to be largely underlain by limy greenstone of the
Rossland Volcanic group, including tuff and probably sediments. North of this section the
rocks are granitic with large feldspar phenocrysts.
These rocks are cut by a series of shears or fissures which have a north-south strike and
generally dip steeply. Quartz veins or lenses varyingly mineralized with sulphides of iron,
lead, zinc, and copper occur in the shears. The sheared wall-rock in places is mineralized.
With the sulphide mineralization values in gold and silver may occur. On the Enterprise
claim at one point some work was done on irregular mixed sulphide mineralization, apparently
representing replacement of the greenstone, or possibly of included sediments, along fractures.
The shipments from the Berlin-Alice L. and Cascade-Bonanza and sampling of certain
other occurrences indicate that the shears contain mineralization of attractive grade. As
mentioned below, in a number of cases the shears are found on the surface in shallow draws,
particuarly on the group sloping south to a tributary of Iron Creek. It is not improbable
that shearing extends for considerable distances. The work to date is insufficient to demonstrate the relationship of the shallow draws to the shears or the frequency of quartz-lenses
in the shears. There are some indications that the lenses are not large and faulting has been
encountered. However, the grade of mineralization indicated and the possibility of prospecting with shallow workings in a reasonably accessible area are quite attractive features.
The more extensive workings on the Inland Empire and the Berlin-Alice L. groups were
largely inaccessible in June of 1936, being filled with water or blocked and unsafe because
of caving. The shafts on the Amazon claim, south of Iron Creek, were full of water and the
workings on the Enterprise claim largely inaccessible. The smaller workings were in general
more accessible, though cuts were partly sloughed in and shafts or pits partly filled with
water. References to the various properties appear in the Annual Reports of the Minister
of Mines from 1905 onward. In particular from 1917 to 1926 there are reports by P. B.
Freeland, then Resident Engineer for the adjoining district to the west, concerning workings
now inaccessible. Bulletin No. 1, " Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia, 193<2," and the
Annual Report for 1932 contain further notes. The writer examined surface showings and
the accessible workings in June of 1936, upon which examinations the following descriptions
are based:—
Lying south of the Inland Empire and Berlin-Alice L. groups and north of the Dubrovnik
and the Cascade-Bonanza group are the Duluth, Albion Fraction, and Albion No. 2, Crown
grants of 41.81 acres combined area, owned by J. Kloman, of Paulson, who also owns the U.S.
and B.C. Crown grants farther west and two near-by locations, as well as the Amazon lying
south of the Cascade-Bonanza group and the Bonanza No. 2, a Crown grant east of the
Dubrovnik.
From a point near the south boundary of the A. and G. claim, half a mile
Duluth. from the Inland Empire camp, on the narrow road leading to the Albion
No. 2 workings, there are three cuts on the gentle rise to the south of the
road. At 300 feet from the road is an outcrop of somewhat rusty quartz, 4 feet wide, which
strikes north 15 degrees west and dips 70 degrees to the east. The wall-rock is granitic, light-
coloured, and medium-grained. Extending southerly across the Duluth claim to the Dubrovnik
claim is a well-marked depression in which the vein is exposed in cuts for about 100 feet; it
appears to be much narrower at the southern end; 50 feet farther south there is a cut and
small winze which was full of water. On the dump some basic dyke-rock was observed. The
vein-width at the collar was not clearly indicated, but appeared to be about 4 feet, containing
some well-crystallized pyrite. At this point the strike appears to be north 10 degrees east
and the dip 70 degrees to the west.
Westerly from the Duluth winze is a parallel shallow draw, and in it a
Albion Fraction, winze reported to be 12 feet deep.    Water was within a few feet of the top,
where there is a width of about 7 feet of quartz, reported to be narrowing
somewhat going down. On the dump is a good deal of quartz fairly well mineralized with
pyrite.    This is near the crest of a low ridge which slopes off at about 10 degrees to the south. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 23
On the  Albion No. 2 claim,  about  1,00© feet westerly from the  Albion
Albion No. 2.    Fraction winze, there is  a  shaft at  approximately  5,700  feet  elevation.
A vein is traced by a cut from 40' to 75 feet north of the shaft and by an
adit extending 20 feet north from the end of the cut. They expose shearing over a width
of 6 to 8 feet. At the adit-portal there is 2% feet of quartz on the west or foot-wall side.
At the face there is 2 feet of quartz, well banded with pyrite on the foot-wall side. On the
hanging-wall side of this quartz there is sheared granitic rock containing small lenses or
stringers of quartz mineralized with pyrite. The shearing here strikes north 10 degrees west
and dips 65 degrees to the east. A sample across the 2-foot foot-wall section assayed: Gold,
0.39 oz. per ton; silver, 0.6 oz. per ton; the next 2.75 feet assayed: Gold, 0.09 oz. per ton; silver,
0.1 oz. per ton; and 1.25 feet at the east side assayed: Gold, 0.04 oz. per ton; silver, trace.
The outcrop has been traced northerly up the slope for about 200 feet, crossing the line into
the Alice L. claim, to the top of the gentle southerly slope. On the northern slope soil is
considerably heavier. An adit, now caved, is reported to have been driven through 90 feet
of surface wash and to have gained 40 feet of depth, connecting with the bottom of the shaft
about 200 feet from the portal, at which point the quartz had pinched down to a narrow seam.
About 2,000 feet west of the Albion No. 2 workings are some workings on
U.S. the Z7.jS. claim.    The country here slopes off rather steeply to the west or
south-west and is timbered with small tamarack and balsam. A 12-inch
quartz vein has been traced 40 feet northerly. At the north end is a shaft reported to be
20' feet deep sunk on the dip of the vein. The shaft was full of water to within 8 feet of the
surface. At the shaft the vein is disturbed and accompanied by 3 or 4 feet of shattered
wall-rock that contains some quartz and is quite rusty. A sample across 12 inches of vein
assayed: Gold, 0.06 oz. per ton; silver, trace. The collar of the shaft is at about 5,250 feet
elevation; the vein strikes 20 degrees west of north and dips 65 degrees to the east. The foot-
wall is fine-grained greenstone, while a short distance to the east (hanging-wall) there is an
exposure of granitic rock. Northerly 20 feet from the shaft a tight vein is exposed, possibly
following the contact, and 100 feet northerly from the shaft is a cut exposing 15 inches of
sheared granitic rock. On the dump is some quartz with epidote. The shearing strikes north
20 degrees east and dips 60 degrees to the east.
An adit has been driven north 80 degrees east from a point approximately 110 feet at
south 70 degrees west from the shaft. At about 120 feet from the portal the working intersects
a vein-segment lying between two faults of low dip to the west. The faults appear to be
normal, with displacement of possibly 3 or 4 feet. The vein consists of rather white quartz.
Drifts extend north and south for 25 or 30 feet. In the face of the south drift there is 2 feet
of crushed, rusty greenstone.
This claim, owned by Smith Curtis, of Rossland, is adjoined on the north
Dubrovnik.      by the Duluth, Albion Fraction, and Albion No. 2.    From the cut and winze
on the Duluth claim a shallow draw extends southerly into the Dubrovnik
claim, running down toward a small creek. Here the creek flows easterly, but a little lower
down it turns to a south-easterly course to Iron Creek. In the draw at a point about 700 feet
north from the creek is a partially-filled cut exposing a quartz vein about 29 inches wide at
the widest, and narrowing to the north. It strikes about north 15 degrees east and dips 70
degrees to the west. At the south end the vein appears to be faulted. The quartz is mineralized with pyrite; a sample across the wide section assayed: Gold, 0.11 oz. per ton; silver,
0.1 oz. per ton.
Another draw to the west extends southerly at a moderate slope from the winze on the
Albion Fraction to the above-mentioned tributary of Iron Creek. At points about 260 and
350 feet south are open-cuts exposing some quartz on the general strike of the vein at the
winze. About 1,200 feet south from the winze, on the projected strike, an adit was driven
north from the creek and another was driven south; both are caved. Forty feet above the
adit on the south bank is a cut exposing 2 feet of quartz striking north 10 degrees west and
dipping vertically.
The Crown-granted claims, Royal Kangaroo, California, Cascade, Bonanza
Cascade- No. 3, and Our Hope, belong to the estate of the late H. A. Arnold, for
Bonanza.        which Robert J. Clegg, of Rossland, is the administrator.    The claims have
a total area of approximately 201.5 acres.    They lie south of the Albion E 24 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
No. 2 and the Dubrovnik claims extending roughly to Iron Creek, while the Bonanza No. 3
and Our Hope lie principally south of Iron Creek.
On the steep slope north of Iron Creek is a shaft with no timbers remaining at the top.
At the surface there is about 2% feet of vein, while 26 feet down there appears to be about
6 feet of rusty shearing containing quartz. From a point near the creek about 100 feet
lower, approximately at 5,100 feet elevation, is an adit driven northerly for about 450 feet.
The first 80 feet is driven north 20 degrees east to shearing in granitic rock, which is then
followed in a direction generally west of north. The shear is less definite at the inner end;
here a crosscut to the north-east exposes some shearing a few feet from the main drift.
From 125 to 226 feet from the portal the vein has been opened for stoping, and the stope
is connected with the shaft from the surface. Official records show production from the
Cascade claim in 1902 amounting to 396 tons, containing 293 oz. gold and 683 oz. silver.
The shearing contains quartz-lenses varying considerably in width and in degree of mineralization. In the roof of the stope is about 15 inches of quartz, of which 4 inches along
the foot-wall is mineralized with pyrite and galena. A sample across the full width assayed:
Gold, 0.04 oz. per ton; silver, trace. The vein has been faulted slightly at several points,
and is also cut by basic dykes, which occupy a good deal of the shear or fissure. From the
south side of the creek, at a point approximately 120 feet lower, an adit has been driven at
south 10 degrees east for about 200 feet, following 2 feet of shearing to about 130 feet, beyond
which there is a tight seam. The drift ends at a mica dyke. Up to one-third of the shear is
occupied by stringers or lenses of quartz fairly well mineralized. At 60 feet from the portal
is a winze which was full of water. From 85 to 130 feet there has been stoping above the drift.
Official records show shipments from the Cascade claim in 1906 amounting to 76 tons, containing 45 oz. gold and 683 oz. silver.
The Crown-granted claims, Enterprise, Huckleberry, Eureka, King Peter,
Enterprise       Lucky Peter, Corbin, and Norway Star, owned jointly by Agnes Holms, of
Group. Rossland, and George Elmes, Charles Hodgkinson, and John Schewchuk, of
Corbin, are situated east of the Inland Empire group, on ground extending
to the deep canyon of Big Sheep Creek. The ruins of the Huckleberry cabin are situated not
far west of the canyon-rim and are reached by a branch trail about six-tenths of a mile in
length, extending south-easterly from the road to the Cancade-Bonanza group. The rock-
exposures consist of greenstone and included impure tuffs. About 1,500 feet south-south-east
from the cabin is an adit on the Huckleberry claim' at 4,750 feet elevation. The adit is driven
215 feet at about south 60 degrees west in limy sheared greenstone. At 140, 175, and 190 feet
from the portal are drifts. The first follows a vein striking north 30 degrees west and dipping
65 degrees to the east for 16 feet north and 40 feet south of the adit. The vein is narrow in
the face of each drift and attains a maximum width of 2V2 feet of slightly-mineralized quartz
in the south drift. The next drift extends 40 feet at south 15 degrees east on shearing which
dips 70 degrees to the west. It shows little vein-matter. The third drift extends 40 feet at
north 15 degrees west, following shearing dipping 70 degrees to the east and showing 6 to 8
inches of quartz. At the face is a winze. To the south shearing has been traced for 60 feet.
From 10 to 30 feet there has been some stoping to about 15 feet above the level for a width of
about 2% feet.
On the Enterprise claim, 50O feet northerly from the old cabin, there is a shaft and an
old adit. These workings are inaccessible. On the dump is a quantity of mixed sulphides of
iron, lead, zinc, and copper. The 1926 Annual Report of the Minister of Mines mentions a
sample of the sulphides assaying: Gold, trace; silver, 10 oz. per ton; lead, 16 per cent.; zinc,
20 per cent.; copper, 3 per cent. These sulphides appear to have been developed irregularly
along some fracturing in the altered greenstone.
The Castleton is held by G. W. Fletcher, of Spokane, as a located mineral
Castleton. claim. It is reached by trail approximately three-quarters of a mile northerly from the old Huckleberry cabin. The workings are on the south side
of Bonanza (Griswold) Creek, about a quarter of a mile west from its confluence with Big
Sheep Creek. From 500 feet north of the workings on the Enterprise claim the formation is
apparently a porphyritic granodiorite containing phenoerysts of feldspar. The workings in
the same rock consist of a shaft about 20 feet deep on a narrow fracture, and 50 feet lower at EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 25
4,150 feet elevation an adit, reported to have been driven in 1912. The adit is driven southerly
from a point about 60 feet above the creek. At 36 feet from the portal the adit intersects a
narrow and variable fracturing dipping steeply to the west, which is followed for 75 feet.
The fracture contains quartz, mineralized with pyrite and chalcopyrite, and is cut and disturbed by both basic dykes and fault-slips. At the face, in the roof, there is 6 inches of vein-
matter, but below a flat-dipping slip there is no vein-filling. The vein, in a distance of 12 feet
back from the face, increases from 6 inches to 1 foot wide. A sample of this section of the
vein assayed: Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton; silver, trace. Another sample consisting of 11 inches
of quartz taken at the west side near the floor about 50 feet from the portal assayed: Gold,
0.90 oz. per ton;  silver, 0.9 oz. per ton;   copper, 0.5 per cent.
LODE GOLD IN THE UPPER SPILLIMACHEEN AREA.
This report is concerned with Vermont Creek, a tributary of Vowell Creek (South Fork),
with the country drained by Bobbie Burns Creek (Middle Fork), tributaries of the Spillima-
cheen up-stream from their confluence, and with the country at the head of McMurdo Creek,
a northerly-flowing tributary of the North Fork of Spillimacheen River.
The positions of the principal points of interest and of trails are shown on the sketch-
map accompanying the report on the Spillimacheen-Bugaboo area, under " Silver-Lead-Zinc
Deposits." Information concerning means of access, the general topography and geology of
the area is also contained in that report.
Much of the work in the area has been done on mineralization considered to be of the
silver-lead-zinc type, which occurs both in veins and as replacements in limestone. Considerable pyrite occurs with this mineralization on Vermont Creek, while at the Crown Point group
some arsenopyrite occurs. In general it appears that the replacement deposits in the area,
although carrying good silver values for that type of mineralization, do not carry appreciable
values in gold. On the other hand, vein-mineralization may carry fair values in gold along
with silver, lead, and zinc, as indicated by the assays of samples listed below:—
Gold.
Silver.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Locality.
Oz. per Ton.
0 36
Oz. per Ton.
11.0
3.6
21.6
32.0
29.0
2.0
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
23.3
10.6
24.8
18.8
35.1
Trace
Per Cent.
0.2
" C "  workings,   Crown Point  group.
0.34
Trace
0.2
0.12
2.0
14.4
1.6
0.7
Ruth Vermont Mines, Ltd.
Ruth claim, Galena Syndicate.
Ruth claim, Galena Syndicate.
Ruth claim. Galena Syndicate.
0.14
0.30
Trace
Trace
The last sample listed is from a vein mineralized with pyrite and arsenopyrite. The
deposits from which the above samples were obtained are described more fully in the reports
on the area under " Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposits."
It would appear that some values in gold were obtained at the Alpha group in International
Basin and probably from some other prospects in the area. Precise descriptions of most of
these prospects are not obtainable in the printed records.
Discoveries in the area drained by Bobbie Burns Creek (Middle Fork of Spillimacheen
River) were made prior to 1890. The claims in Bobbie Burns Basin are reported to have been
staked from 1881 to 1887. In 1891 a stamp-mill was packed in and the property was operated
by the then Bobbie Burns Company. This operation appears to have been unsuccessful, doubtless due in part to the fact that the values were not recoverable by amalgamation. Work was
done at several properties up to 1900 and a number of claims were Crown-granted. There
was little activity on Bobbie Burns Creek from 1900 to 1920, when some work was done on the
Alpha group in International Basin. The country was essentially dormant again until
1934, when the workings on the old Flying Dutchman claim, below the old mill-site, were
cleaned out. Reference to the history of properties on McMurdo and Vermont Creeks appears
under " Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposits." E 26 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
In the softer rocks of the area at numerous places there are masses and veins of quartz
or quartz and calcite, which frequently contain fragments of schist, and usually are mineralized only with occasional small patches of siderite, possibly containing some pyrite. The
irregular masses are apt to terminate abruptly, though veins may run off from them' in the
schist.    The large masses of white quartz frequently stand out prominently on the steep slopes.
Quartz veins of varying widths may cut the schists or follow the schistosity. They occur
also in quartzite. Commonly the quartz is unmineralized and carries no appreciable values.
However, some of the veins and irregular masses show better-mineralized sections and these
usually carry fair values, but it appears that some quartz, although fairly well mineralized
with pyrite, does not carry gold.
The Rialto workings of the Crown Point group, about half a mile south of
Crown Point     the camp, explore by drifts and a short winze a series of quartz-lenses and
Group. irregular veins occurring, in a width of 20 feet, in sheared, grey, splintery
schist.    Probably mineralization containing some values in gold was found,
but in general the quartz contains little sulphide mineralization.    Along the west wall of the
adit-drift is a rusty streak containing some pyrite.    A sample of this material assayed:  Gold,
trace;  silver, 0.4 oz. per ton.
South of the "A" workings of the Crown Point group is a mass of quartz in grey schist
on the steep nose of a ridge. One strong vein about 4 feet thick can be seen striking to the
north-west with the bedding. Other veins striking at various directions in the schist are
irregularly mineralized with pyrite and fine-grained galena and contain streaks of rusty carbonate. Some testing has been done' on one such vein which extends southerly from the large
mass. The test-pits, however, have become filled with morainal material. Some work was
done looking for quartz brought down by a freshet from a draw just south of the portal of
"A" adit. At one point in the morainal material the writer found quartz well mineralized with
pyrite and some fine-grained galena. A sample of selected well-mineralized material assayed:
Gold, 0.20 oz. per ton; silver, 2 oz. per ton. Much of the quartz is unmineralized. Samples
of the unmineralized quartz and of patches in the quartz containing some siderite and a little
pyrite, obtained at several points in the area, indicate that such material is barren of values.
In the basin there is a great deal of quartz to be seen, both as float in talus below the cliffs at
the north and east sides, and in place.
The highest working is an adit on the Nugget claim at the foot of the steep eastern side
of the basin. The adit goes in for 15 feet due east, then for 40 feet at south 50 degrees east,
exploring a flat-lying mass of quartz which is well exposed on the surface. The exposed length
from the portal south is 40 feet, beyond which the quartz is covered with slide-rock. A width
of 20 feet is indicated; the east side appears to be pinching out at a slip in the schist or possibly following the slip down. The top is wavy, following an irregular fracture in the schist.
The quartz appears to have replaced grey sericitic schist, much of which, along with some mica,
is included with the quartz, which conforms with the schistosity. The quartz is about 4 feet
thick and contains some patches of siderite altered to limonite, in which the rhombic form of
siderite is plainly marked; a little pyrite occurs with the siderite. Overlying the schist in
which the quartz occurs is a 5-foot seam of red slate impregnated with pyrite. The beds dip
to the east at a low angle, while the slaty cleavage strikes north 50 degrees west and dips
steeply to the east. The following are assays of characteristic material selected from this
mass of quartz:—
Gold.
Silver.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
Trace
Trace
Trace
Oz. per Ton.
Trace
Trace
0.4
Vertical face of drift, 3.3 feet top of quartz to floor.
Selected' rhombic limonite.
Selected rhombic limonite with pyrite and glassy quartz.
Extending north-westerly from the adit for about 200 yards there is a good deal of white
quartz float.
At about 1,400 feet south 60 degrees west from the adit on a low ridge running southerly
into the basin in a series of open-cuts. North of the cuts is a good deal of white quartz which
has come from the steeper slope above.    The northernmost cut is at the contact between bluish Four Crown-granted claims, Rider, Nugget, Robert E. Burns, and Highland
Robert E. Burns Mary, in Bobbie Burns Basin, are owned by E. J. Scovil, of Golden.    The
Group. site of the old mill, on the creek, half a mile below the workings, is also held
by Mr. Scovil as real land.    Farther down the creek, near the Middle Fork of
the Spillimacheen, are three Crown-granted claims, Bryan, Lincoln, and Lucky Jack, also
owned by Mr. Scovil.    The three claims adjoin the Flying Dutchman location, concerning
which some notes appear below.
The four claims first mentioned are in the main basin, the workings being at elevations
of from 7,200 feet to 7,500 feet, while the old mill, which is below the main basin, is at an
elevation of about 6,800 feet. The descent from the basin to the Middle Fork is quite steep.
The passes on the summit north-west of the basin, between it and the head of McMurdo Creek,
are at elevations of from 8,050 feet to about 8,200 feet.
This group can be reached by pack-trail from Carbonate Landing or from Wells Landing,
the distances being approximately 28 and 32 miles respectively. The trail up the Middle
Fork, about 17 miles in length, is doubtless in poor repair and much grown over. The basin
can also be reached from the Crown Point camp. The distance involved would not be more
than 3 miles. It is necessary to climb about 2,200 feet from the Crown Point camp and to
cross the snow-field, but in the summer-time the trip can be made on foot without difficulty.
This route is not practicable for horses.
The rocks exposed in the rim of the basin are slates and schists, some of which are limy
and contain fair-sized crystals of pyrite. The schistosity strikes west of north and dips
steeply to the east. The bedding where observed is generally of low dip. A well-marked
anticlinal fold can be seen to the south across the Middle Fork. Below the main basin the
rock-outcrops are of quartzite or grit, which is also somewhat schistose. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5).
E 27
slate on the west striking north 10 degrees west and dipping 80 degrees to the east, and on the
east greenish splintery schist striking north 20' degrees west and dipping 80 degrees to the
west. In the latter strong joints striking south 60' degrees west and dipping 75 degrees to the
north-west are filled with wedges of quartz. The cut, which is 30' feet long, is partly filled.
There seems to have been 2 feet of sparingly-mineralized quartz which at the contact at the
south end of the cut follows the schistosity as a 1-foot vein, exposed for 8 feet from the contact.
250ft."A" Level
El. 6800'
Crown Point Group.    Plan of " A " Workings after Owner's  Plan.
About 60 feet to the south is the upper end of a cut which runs south 20 degrees east for 30
feet, following 2 feet of poorly-mineralized quartz along the cleavage of the slate. The cut
then swings to south 5 degrees west for 80 feet, cutting the slate. The bedding of the slate
has a flat dip to the east. The cleavage strikes north 20 degrees west and dips steeply to the
east. The bottom of this cut is filled with debris. Along the side is a pile of quartz, a good
deal of which is quite well mineralized with pyrite. From this the following samples were
taken:— E 28 REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1936.
Samples.
Gold.
Silver.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
1.26
1.66
0.02
Oz. per Ton.
0.2
0.4
Trace.
Selected crystalline pyrite in white quartz.
Selected rusty honeycombed quartz.
Selected quartz free from sulphide or rust.
These samples strongly suggest that the gold is associated with the pyrite and that the
unmineralized quartz is barren. Two earlier reports have given values in iron pyrite at 0.8
and 1.36 oz. gold per ton. The report by B. T. O'Grady in the Annual Report of the Minister
of Mines for 1923 mentions sampling a pile of ore at the old mill. Two splits from a large
sample assayed: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton; silver, 1 oz. per ton; and: Gold, 0.28 oz. per ton;
silver, 0.4 oz. per ton.
About 500 feet to the south is the remains of an old cabin. Between 80 and 200 feet south
of the cabin are three cuts exposing an almost unmineralized quartz vein 1 x/2 feet wide following the strike of the schistose grit, which forms a low ridge. A little rust, pyrite, and some
copper-stain were noted. A sample of this material assayed: Gold, trace; silver, trace. The
old stamp-mill is about half a mile farther south below the junction of two streams. It is now
in a ruinous condition.
The following is quoted from the 1934 Report by B. T. O'Grady, under the
Flying heading " Burns Basin Gold Mines, Ltd.":   " The property with which this
Dutchman.       company is concerned includes the Flying Dutchman and seven other claims,
all being held by location.    .    .    .    The claims cover the steep slope adjoining the small creek which drains Robbie Burns Basin in an old burned-over area which is now
covered with scattered second growth.    .    .    .
" Exclusive of the old Flying Dutchman, which is a relocation, the claims constituting the
company's property were staked by agents on October 6th, 1934, after previous stakings by the
same representatives, found to be irregular, were abandoned. The Flying Dutchman, as also
the Robert E. Burns group, with which this report is not directly concerned, were described
by the late W. Fleet Robertson in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1898. No mining
has been done in the immediate area since then. The only development done on the property
of the Burns Basin Gold Mines, Limited, is on the Flying Dutchman claim, where two adits
were driven in the nineties on separate quartz-exposures. The upper adit, at an elevation of
6,350 feet, is a crosscut driven north-westerly for about 115 feet. At 23 and 30 feet in from
the portal 12-inch quartz stringers are cut which strike north 80 degrees east and dip at 38
degrees to the north.
" At about 65 feet in from the portal a branch working 24 feet in length cuts a lens of
quartz up to 34 inches wide. A sample at this point gave no appreciable values in gold and
the two quartz stringers previously mentioned showed no evidence of mineralization. The
lower adit, at an elevation of 6,125 feet, is a crosscut driven north-westerly for about 65 feet
to its intersection with a quartz vein, tightly frozen to the wall-rock, which strikes about north
60 degrees east and dips at 60 degrees to the north-west. A curving drift 60 feet long exposes
short sections of the vein, 20 to 36 inches wide, at opposite extremities of this working, the
central section being left in the south-eastern wall of the adit. A sample at the south-western
face assayed 0.46 oz. gold per ton across 21 inches. Samples at the opposite face were: Across
36 inches, which assayed 0.04 oz. gold per ton; and the same section, in two cuts 24 and 12
inches wide, which assayed respectively: Gold, nil, and 0.06 oz. per ton. The latter cut on
the hanging-wall side was heavily mineralized with pyrite, the assay results indicating erratic
gold content in the iron sulphides."
SILVER-LEAD-ZINC DEPOSITS.
Pend d'Oreille River Area.
Seven located mineral claims, Red Rock, White Rock, Blue Rock, Green Rock,
Red Rock       Marjorie, Mary Lou, and Cabin Fractional, are held by Michaely Silver Lead
Group. Mines, Limited, a private company, of which N. Michaely, of Rossland, is
president, and L. A. Read, of Trail, is secretary-treasurer.    The claims are
situated north of Salmo River, about 2 miles north-east from its confluence with the Pend EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 29
d'Oreille, in the Nelson Mining Division. A branch road which leaves the Nelson-Waneta
Highway at a point about 6 miles from Nelway climbs approximately 1,400 feet in 3% miles
to the camp at 3,200 feet elevation. The distance from the smelter at Trail is approximately
28 miles by road. The country slopes steeply to the Salmo River, and in most places overburden is heavy.    In the vicinity of the workings there are fair outcrops.
The workings are situated close to a north-easterly-striking, faulted contact between
impure quartzites on the north-west, with limestone, argillites, and quartzites on the south-east.
These rocks are mapped by Walker (Geological Survey Memoir 172, Salmo Ma,p-area) as
Reno series and Pend d'Oreille series respectively. The contact has a general north-easterly
trend, but it is irregular and there has been adjustment of the rocks along numerous slips and
shears close to the contact. As a result the attitude of the interbedded limestone and quartzite
south-east of the contact varies considerably, though the general strike is about north-east
and the dip 50 to 70 degrees to the south-east.
Sulphide mineralization is developed in shears and replacements in the limestone. Some
lenses of almost solid sulphides occur close to the faulted contact, with more or less disseminated
mineralization in the vicinity of the lenses. The mineralization consists of sulphides of lead,
zinc, and iron, carrying moderate values in silver.
The property was located in 1928 and after some development by other interests was
acquired by the present company in 1932. In addition to strippings and surface cuts, the
property has been prospected by four adits, of which the lowest was in 80 feet late in June.
In 1935 selectively-mined ore totalling approximately 35 tons, averaging 14.9 oz. silver per ton,
28 per cent, lead, and 16 per cent, zinc, was shipped to the smelter at Trail. In 1936 shipments
amounted to approximately 60 tons, averaging 9.6 oz. silver per ton, 19.5 per cent, lead, and
20.5 per cent. zinc.
"A" adit at 3,315 feet elevation is driven 32 feet at north 42 degrees west from the end
of a 17-foot rock-cut. This working cuts through limestone and limy schist, cut by several
shears. At 27 feet from the portal a shear 6 inches to 1 foot wide, striking north 50 degrees
east and dipping 70 degrees to the south-east, contains 6 inches of galena. A test-pit 60 feet
south-west of the portal at the intersection of two shear strands, the stronger shear about
18 inches in width, contains some rusty carbonates and galena.
In a large stripping 120 feet south 33 degrees east from the portal of "A" adit is the end
of a lens of massive sulphides. The lens, which is irregular in outline, extends south-west
for a length of 45 feet, varying in width from 2 to 5 feet. At 30 feet from the north end a lens
1 to 2 feet wide, which for 4 feet is exposed trending due south toward the first lens, turns
and parallels it about 2 feet to the north-west, extending 20 feet past the south-west end of the
first lens. The width of the first lens narrows to 2 feet or less where the other approaches
and parallels it. Including the two lenses there is a width consisting of the massive sulphides
with some disseminated sulphides of 5 or 6 feet for 45 feet and narrower for the remaining
20 feet. The foot-wall of the north-west lens is impure quartzite. The hanging-wall is blue
limestone striking north 50 degrees east and dipping 60 degrees to the south-east, though near
the centre of the larger lens the limestone is warped, and at this point the lens has a wide
bulge to the east. Beyond the north end there is some mineralization along narrow fractures.
South-west of the lenses bed-rock is buried under overburden.
No. 1 adit at 3,297 feet elevation, 25 feet below the top of the stripping, is driven under
the central part of the larger lens. It extends for 46 feet north-west from the end of a 33-foot
cut. The cut and the first part of the adit are in blue limestone. The face of the adit is in
impure quartzite. Mineralization consists of 4 feet of rusty shearing containing galena, and
some disseminated mineralization in the limestone.
No. 2 adit at 3,242 feet elevation starts from a point 85 feet south of No. 1 portal, and
goes in for about 115 feet at north 30 degrees west. At 80 feet from the portal a drift has
been driven 50 feet at south 80 degrees west and another 36 feet at north 55 degrees east to
a bend; thence to the face for 10 feet at north 30 degrees east. To 40 feet from the portal the
adit is in quartzite; thence to just past the drifts it is in blue limestone. At 40 feet the
contact is a fault which strikes north 40 degrees east and dips 67 degrees to the south-east.
From 55 to 70 feet from the portal the ground is sheared and altered and contains some
sulphides. On the north-east wall from 64 to 68 feet is a decomposed mica dyke which
apparently does not cross the adit, but probably enters the north-east drift in faulted ground.
Near the drift is solid limestone containing veinlets of sulphides. E 30
.'
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 31
At the entrance of the north-east drift there is 5 feet of massive sulphides which continues
in the roof for 10 feet, where a flat slip comes in, and the ground above is much broken. From
this point to the bend the roof is closely lagged. Shearing comes in to the- drift from the
south-east, 20 feet from the entrance, but ore continues along the north-west wall to 26 feet.
Beyond this the ground contains several shear-strands.    The face is in thin-bedded limestone.
The drift to the west has from 2% to 5 feet of heavily-mineralized ore to 20 feet from the
entrance, at which point the mineralization begins to narrow, as quartzite, striking south 70
degrees west, comes in from the south wall. From 12 to 18 feet is a winze which was full of
water, as was the drift beyond it to a depth of a foot or so. It was reported that there is ore
in the floor at the face.
No. 3 adit-portal at 3,125 feet elevation is 250 feet from No. 2 portal at south 13 degrees
east. Thin-bedded quartzite outcrops on the steep hillside between the two. The portal is in
black limestone. This adit is being driven north 25 degrees west. The face at 80 feet was
in thin-bedded quartzite. Projected on the dips observed above, mineralization might be
expected at 300 feet from the portal. However, the dip in the winze was reported to be steeper,
which would increase the distance. The lens observed above may not come down to No. 3
level, but if it does not there is a fair chance that there may be another lens at no great
distance from the projected position.
Spillimacheen-Bugaboo Area.
The accompanying sketch-map shows the area in the East Kootenay District drained by
Spillimacheen River and Bugaboo Creek. Both streams rise in the Purcell Range and drain
into the Columbia River. They enter the Columbia River Valley from the west through the
same gap in the low range across from the settlement known as Spillimacheen. Spillimacheen
is on the Kootenay Central branch of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and on the main highway,
approximately 41 miles south of Golden.
This report is concerned chiefly with the area lying between Spillimacheen River (North
Fork) and the summit of the Purcell Range, from somewhat north-west of McMurdo Creek
to the head of Bugaboo Creek. The length along the crest of the Purcell Range is about
30 miles. The distance from the divide to the Spillimacheen (North Fork) varies from 10 or
12 miles at the north-west end to 19 miles at Bugaboo Creek. The area also includes the
country tributary to the Spillimacheen, and Bugaboo Creek, east of the head of Bugaboo Creek,
also Spillimacheen and Jubilee Mountains, which are north-east of Lower Spillimacheen,
between it and the Columbia River.
Little of this area has been mapped either topographically or geologically. The principal
streams, roads and trails, and the Crown-granted mining claims are shown on mineral reference
maps issued by the Department of Lands; these maps, however, are rather sparing of detail.
The north-west corner of the area is mapped topographically on the Glacier Park sheet,
published by the Department of the Interior in Ottawa in 1934. Map 295a, " Brisco-Dogtooth
Area," published by the Geological Survey, with a report by C. S. Evans in the Summary
Report, 1932, Part A, shows geology without topography along the Columbia River and north
of the Spillimacheen River adjoining the area. A report by John F. Walker, " Reconnaissance
in the Purcell Range, West of Brisco, Kootenay District, B.C.," gives the geology along some
streams in the area, also at Spillimacheen and Jubilee Mountains.
On the index map accompanying the report by Walker the country along the middle
reaches of Bugaboo Creek is shown as Upper Purcell series, Mount Nelson, and Dutch Creek
formations. The country up-stream is mapped as Windermere series; both series are of
Precambrian age. West of the head of Bugaboo Creek, Jurassic granite is indicated. Bobbie
Burns Creek as far as Warren Creek, and Warren Creek, are mapped as Windermere series.
Spillimacheen and Jubilee Mountains are mapped as Palaeozoic sediments. Evans's mapping
of the country adjoining the area on the north-west as Windermere series suggests that the
unmapped section extending from Evans's mapping south-easterly to Walker's mapping and
embracing a large part of the present area may be chiefly Windermere series.
Bugaboo Creek and the principal branches of Spillimacheen River occupy broad deep
valleys from their outlets at the Columbia, westerly through rolling country, and well into
the Purcell Range, where their gradients and those of the tributary streams become steep
between high ridges and jagged peaks.    The smaller tributaries extend into basins at elevations E 32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
of from 5,500 to possibly 8,000 feet.    The main ridges reach elevations of from 7,000 to 8,000
feet and rise to peaks of considerably greater elevation.
In this area west of the Rocky Mountain Trench the rocks appear to be almost entirely of
sedimentary origin. They consist of schists and slates, some of which are limy, limestone,
gritty quartzite, and some conglomerate. The bedding-planes, even in the schist and slates
on Vermont Creek in Bobbie Burns Basin and on McMurdo Creek, are frequently easily
discerned. The formations appear to have been arched in a series of folds, the axes of which
strike from 20 to 50 degrees west of north. The schistosity, slaty cleavage, and some prominent
jointing, in general strike north-westerly and dip steeply to the north-east. At the head of
Bugaboo Creek there are numerous intrusions of granite porphyry, some of which has been
rendered schistose.
On Vermont Creek there are narrow veins, usually in the slate, mineralized largely with
lead and zinc minerals and carrying fair silver values. These are described in this section
under " Galena Syndicate" and " Ruth-Vermont Mines." Lead and zinc replacement in
limestone, in general carrying good silver values for this type of mineralization, are described
under " Crown Point Group " and under " Galena Syndicate." Lead-zinc replacement in
limestone carrying some copper is described under " Summit Group " in this section, under
the main heading " Silver Basin Mining Syndicate."
Sulphide mineralization in barite gangue occurs on Spillimacheen and Jubilee Mountains
west of the Columbia River, within a few miles of Spillimacheen. This section seems to have
possibilities of producing a considerable volume of milling-ore, with values principally in lead
and with moderate silver values. The mineralization occurs as lenses in the barite. The
barite replaces limestone in thickness from 10 to 60 feet. Lenses of milling-ore are reported
in thickness from 10 to 30 feet. The possibility of producing commercial barite as a by-product
from milling lead ore is indicated in " Investigations in Ore Dressing and Metallurgy, 1926,"
published by the Department of Mines at Ottawa, reporting tests on ore from the Giant
property. The most extensively-developed property is the Giant, 7 miles from Spillimacheen,
where a test-mill was built in 1909 and where extensive development was in progress from 1926
to 1931. References to this section, including a discussion of structural features at the Giant
property, appear in the Geological Survey publications listed above. The Annual Reports of
the Minister of Mines from 1895 on give information concerning the various properties;
in particular the reports for 1898, 1909, 1923, and from 1926 to 1930, inclusive.
There are numerous quartz-lenses in schist, and quartz veins, usually in harder rocks,
many of which are practically barren. Descriptions and some general discussion of such
occurrences appear in this section under " Silver Basin Mining Syndicate," subheading " Basin
Group," and in " Lode-gold Deposits " under the heading " Lode Gold in the Upper Spillimacheen Area."
At several places in the area copper prospects have been located; none of them were
visited by the writer. Reference to copper prospects and other prospects not mentioned here
will be found in the Annual Reports of the Minister of Mines, particularly in the years 1898,
1917, 1920, 1922, and 1923.
The relative positions of various points of interest in the area and of roads and trails are
indicated on the sketch-map herewith. The road from Spillimacheen to the Giant property is
in quite good condition. The road up Bugaboo Creek, though somewhat rough, was passable
for a truck as far as 26-Mile in the summer of 1936. The sleigh or tractor roads leading to
Vermont and McMurdo Creeks from Wells Landing have been in use as pack-trails in the
last few years. The pack-trail from Carbonate Landing has also been in use. The tractor-
road from Spillimacheen to Vermont Creek has not been in use for some time and may be
impassable. The crossing of the Columbia River at Spillimacheen is by good bridge and
built-up road across the sloughs. From Parson to Wells Landing the road may be impassable
during very high water. Carbonate Landing can be reached from the east side of the river
by crossing a slough on a condemned bridge, impassable except for foot traffic, and by boat
across the main channel. Some details concerning means of access appear in the references
to various properties below.
Most of the discoveries in this area were made from 1883 to 1900, in which period numerous
claims were Crown-granted, many being still in good standing, while others have reverted to
the Crown.    A stamp-mill was set up at the Robert E. Burns group in 1891 and operated for a EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 33
short time. Some ore was packed from the Ruth workings on Vermont Creek to Carbonate
Landing prior to 1898, when W. Fleet Robertson, then Provincial Mineralogist, reported that
material, which had not been sorted at the mine with sufficient care, was still lying at Carbonate Landing. The 1898 report gives a general description of a number of properties. Since
1900 the outstanding activity seems to have been as follows: In 1922 and 1923 work was done
on the Alpha group in International Basin. There has been activity at the Giant property
in 1909 or 1910 and again from 1926 to 1930. Work was done principally on the Ruth claim
on Vermont Creek by the Galena Syndicate from 1926 to 1929. Assessment-work is being done
by Ruth Vermont Mines on claims north of Vermont Creek; this company is under the same
control as the Witwatersrand Mining Syndicate, which, since 1928, has been doing development-
work at the Crown Point group on McMurdo Creek. Some work was done on the Flying Dutchman claim, below the Robert E. Burns group, by Burns Basin Mines, Limited, in 1934, while in
1935 and 1936 the Silver Basin Mining Syndicate had a crew working on the road and trail,
and doing some work on two groups at the head of Bugaboo Creek. In addition to these operations, assessment-work has been done on a number of claims.
Thirteen Crown-granted mineral claims and six locations adjoining them are
Crown Point     owned by Witwatersrand Syndicate, Limited, a private company registered
Group. in Victoria and represented by G. W. Edwards, of Golden.    These claims
are situated in a large basin at the head of a branch of McMurdo Creek,
a tributary which enters the Spillimacheen River from the south.    The position is shown on the
mineral reference maps, also on the Glacier Park sheet, issued by the Department of the
Interior.
The mine camp is situated on the level floor of the basin at an elevation of 5,900 feet (from
aneroid readings). This flat is about half a mile wide and extends for three-quarters of a
mile down McMudro Creek. The main valley rises steeply in a direction somewhat east of
south and contains a branching stream fed by a snow-field on the divide between this valley
and Bobbie Burns Basin. South-west of the camp, drainage from an extension of the snow-
field is by a series of cascades into a western branch of the creek. Above the level floor rock
walls rise precipitously on the west and on the east and steeply to the south. The ridges
surrounding this basin exceed 8,000 feet in elevation and have peaks several hundred feet
higher.
The property may be reached from Carbonate Landing on the Columbia River by following
the old pack-trail to the junction with the tractor-road up the Spillimacheen River. The elevation at Carbonate Landing is approximately 2,570 feet. The pack-trail in about 6 miles
crosses a 4,900-foot summit and drops down to the river near Loon Lake, at an elevation of
about 4,200 feet. The distance to the junction from Wells Landing is somewhat greater.
A tractor-road was constructed from Wells Landing to the property in 1929, but for some
years has been used as a pack-trail only. The distances are variously stated, but it would
appear that from Wells Landing to the junction is about 10 miles. From the junction to
McMudro Creek for about 17 miles the trail follows easy grades and there is no rock-work.
From the crossing near McMudro Creek to the mine camp is about 8 miles. There is a fairly
steep climb up from the river; thence the grade to the mine is fair. Some rock-work was
required about 2 miles from the river where the road crosses McMudro Creek on a log bridge.
From this point on to the property the road is generally in poor condition and much of it
should be relocated if it were to be used as anything more than a pack-trail.
The rock-exposures above the floor of the basin are generally good, though there is a
fairly dense growth of small trees at the lower elevations, and higher up much of the rock-
surface is covered with morainal debris and with the snow-field. The workings are entirely
on the western side of the basin. Here the rocks, although subject to some minor wavy folding,
dip to the south-west east of the " A " workings, while up the hill the rocks are found dipping
to the north-east. It appears that the rocks on the western side are on the south-western
limb of an anticlinal fold, the axis of which strikes about north 50 degrees west. The rocks
consist largely of grey schist which weathers to a mass of splinters; interbedded with the schist
are impure argillites, somewhat limy, numerous beds of greenish, gritty quartzite, limestone
with limy schist, some reddish slates interbedded with the limestone, and conglomerate.
The schistosity, slaty cleavage, and prominent jointing in the quartzite strike generally north
50 degrees west and dip steeply to the north-east. E 34
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
Replacement in limestone appears to be the most important type of mineralization. The
mineralization exposed consists principally of galena disseminated through the limestone or
limy schist, and as lenses which appear to follow the bedding-planes or the dominant planes
of schistosity. In the vicinity of such mineralization, joints striking about south-west and
dipping almost vertically are commonly quartz-filled and may contain galena. Though the
most abundant mineral is galena, some sphalerite and pyrite also occur. Specimens at the
portal of the 80-foot level include elongated prisms of arsenopyrite, associated with quite
coarsely-crystalline galena. The following samples indicate that the sulphides carry quite
good values in silver for this type of mineralization:—
Gold.
Silver.
Lead.
Zinc.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
Trace
Trace
Trace
Oz. per Ton.
1.0
11.4
8.0
Per Cent.
2.5
20.8
14.8
Per Cent.
9.6
13.3
Trace
Disseminated in limestone, lower Bluff.
Selected sulphide, lower Bluff.
0.5 feet at hanging wall;   80-foot crosscut
level.
There is also lead-zinc mineralization in quartz veins or lenses in schist as at the " B "
and " C " workings. Pyrite occurs with this type and there are values in gold. This mineralization appears to be of secondary importance. Reference to quartz very sparsely
mineralized, which could be of value only for possible precious-metal content appears in another
section under " Lode Gold in the Upper Spillimacheen Area."
Workings consisting of surface-stripping and adits are situated at five points. The most
extensive are the " A " workings, of which a plan appears herewith. They are about three-
quarters of a mile south 20 degrees east of the camp, at elevations from 6,800' to 7,050 feet
(aneroid readings). The Rialto adit is about half a mile south 4 degrees east from camp,
approximately at 6,800 feet elevation. " B " adit is a quarter of a mile south of camp at
approximately 6,125 feet elevation, on the steep north-facing slope, which runs from the
cascades to the main stream. Farther west on the same slope, close to the cascades, are
the Bluff workings, while the " C " workings are on the north-west side of the cascade-fed
stream, opposite the Bluff workings and about 1,500 feet from the camp at south 30 degrees
west.
Of the " A " workings, Surface " A " and 50-foot incline are old, as are also the " B,"
Bluff, and " C " workings, though some work was done at the " C " workings a few years ago.
Apparently the property had been inactive for many years before work by the present syndicate was commenced under G. W. Edwards in 1928. Since then most of the underground work
has been done at the " A " workings and the Rialto adit driven in 1931 and 1932. A gasoline-
powered air-compressor was used at the " A " workings in 1929, but work since then has been
done by hand. References to the work in those years appear in the Annual Reports of the
Minister of Mines from 1928 to 1932.
" A " Workings.—The accompanying plan shows the " Surface " A " and Intermediate
" A " adits, which lie south-east of a small stream running north-easterly not far from the
portals of the 80-foot crosscut and of " A " adit, also called the 250-foot -level, north-west of
the creek. The 50^foot incline connects with the 80-foot level, which in turn connects with a
sub-level at the top of No. 3 raise from the end of the main crosscut on the 250-foot level.
When the property was visited late in August, 1936, work was confined to drifting on the
sub-level driven from the top of No. 3 raise.
In the vicinity of these workings the beds vary considerably in dip, due to faulting and
to wavy folding along axes parallel with the axis of the major structure. Mineralization in
limestone has been found in the workings on both sides of the small creek. As there has
been faulting, and as there is a great deal of slide debris about the workings south-east of the
creek and in the creek-bed, it is doubtful if the same beds are found in these unconnected
workings.
Somewhat similar limestone-beds, which with some gritty interbeds have a total thickness
of 60 feet and are impregnated with pyrite crystals, are found from 800 to 1,000 feet south-east
from Surface " A " adit and 350 feet higher in elevation. Part of this thickness consists of
somewhat limy argillite. These beds are apparently higher in the series than those at the
workings. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 35
The beds at the Surface " A " adit are disturbed and dip more steeply to the south-west
than do those at Intermediate " A," 75 feet lower. Their relationship is obscured by slide-
debris. The 50-foot incline across the creek is at about the same elevation as Surface " A,"
but, as mentioned above, the relationship of the beds is open to question. There is a fault
in the workings east of the crosscut which runs from the main crosscut to No. 1 raise on the
250-foot level. The fault where observed has a strike of about due north and dips 45 degrees
to the east. It may cross the main adit in the timbered ground near the portal. Projected
upward it would lie outside the 80-foot crosscut and the 50-foot incline. Reverse faulting
would be necessary for the beds at Surface " A " to correspond to those at the 50-foot incline.
The exposed thickness of limestone and limy schist at the 50-foot incline is 11 feet; about 200
feet to the north-west there is an exposed thickness of 20 feet of similar limestone.
Apparently there are two and possibly three horizons in the vicinity of the workings at
which considerable thicknesses of limestone and limy schist occur. Mineralization with galena,
pyrite, and some sphalerite occurs in the limestone at the workings. Development to date
seems to indicate that the lower contact of the limestone with grey schist is a favourable place
for mineralization.
Surface " A " consists of a rock-cut from the south-west end of which an adit has been
driven 25 feet at south 30 degrees west. From the end of the adit a muck-filled drift goes
about south 20 degrees east. The workings are in limestone which is disturbed and broken.
The beds are not well marked, but appear to strike north 50 degrees west and dip 60 degrees
to the south-west. Galena, sphalerite, pyrite, and siderite occur as small lenses and as joint
filling. The sulphides also occur as disseminated grains in the limestone from 8 feet outside
the portal to 18 feet within. The joints, filled with mineralized calcite, strike north 50 degrees
west and dip 35 degrees to the north-east.
Intermediate " A " adit is driven south-easterly for 120 feet. At the portal the roof is
limestone, resting on schist, the contact showing in the walls. The beds dip about 25 degrees
to the south-west and are cut at a small angle by the adit. To 60 feet from the portal the
limestone is well mineralized with galena in two or three streaks, from 1 to 3 inches thick,
which follow the bedding. At 100 feet from the portal the contact is at the floor. At 120 feet
from the portal a crosscut to the south-west, about 25 feet long, is in limestone, and one to the
north-east is chiefly in schist.    No mineralization is exposed.
At the crosscuts the adit turns to a more southerly course, following shearing dipping
70 degrees to the east to the 200-foot crosscut. At 40 feet past this crosscut the mineralization
is more abundant, lenses of galena being developed along the bedding, which strikes north 50
degrees west. The mineralization appears to go into the east wall 30 feet farther south.
Ten feet farther is a 2%-foot quartz vein striking north 40 degrees west and dipping 50 degrees
to the south-west. The quartz contains some sericite but is essentially unmineralized. It goes
into the east wall of the adit, but is found again 20 feet ahead in the 300^foot crosscut, 15 feet
east of the adit. The adit continues 17 feet past the crosscut, in ground which is well
mineralized, containing lenses of galena up to 6 inches thick. At 12 feet from the crosscut
there is 3 feet of very good ore.
The crosscut extends for about 45 feet west of the adit. At 25 feet is a drift which
extends south-easterly for 38 feet. Along the east side of the drift and in the crosscut for
5 feet east of the drift there is fair mineralization. In the face there is 2% feet mineralized
with %-inch stringers and disseminated sulphide grains, principally of galena. The beds here
strike north 40 degrees west and dip 40 degrees to the south-west. In the crosscut, 13 feet
west of the drift, is a 6-inch gouge-seam striking north 50 degrees west and dipping 55 degrees
to the south-west.
50-foot Incline.—This working, at about the same elevation as Surface " A," is 300 feet
at north 76 degrees west from it. It was sunk from the end of a 15-foot cut, following bedded
limestone resting on crumpled grey schist. The limestone, too, is somewhat crumpled and
contains thin seams of sericite-schist. Near the base of the limestone a good deal of galena
is developed, 3 feet being well mineralized. The intensity of mineralization is less farther
from the contact. As the old timber in this winze was unsound the working was not examined
below the surface.
About 36 feet below the incline is the 80-foot crosscut level. This consists of an adit
about 95 feet long which follows a quartz-filled joint, dipping vertically and striking south E 36 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
55 degrees west, cutting the schist, which strikes north 20' degrees west. From the end of
the adit drifts go a short distance to right and to left following the contact of the schist with
the overlying limestone, while a winze follows the contact down the dip at 35 degrees to the
south-west. The 50-foot incline connects with the drift just south of the winze and crosscut,
and a 20-foot crosscut runs south-west from a point 15 feet south of the winze. This crosscut
exposes limestone mineralized for a thickness of approximately 12 feet normal to the dip.
Of this section only the 6 inches at the hanging-wall—which assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 8 oz.
per ton; lead, 14.8 per cent.; zinc, trace—is well mineralized. The remainder is sheared and
slightly mineralized, though near the contact the mineralization is somewhat better.
The winze follows the dip at 35 degrees for 60 feet, then steepens to about 45 degrees to
the sub-level driven from No. 3 raise. As it is not timbered this steeper part of the winze
was not examined. It is reported to be largely unmineralized. There is nothing but a little
shearing at the foot of the winze on the sub-level. The ground has been cut out for 4 feet
to the south from the winze 50 feet below the adit. This exposes 2% feet of limestone containing several streaks of galena, and would probably average about 15 per cent. lead. The
north-west side of the winze shows little mineralization. Above this the south-east wall is
quite well mineralized with galena, both disseminated and as small lenses. A drift goes 8 feet
south-easterly from a point 15 feet below the level, the face exposing 3% feet of disseminated
mineralization of fair grade. Between this and the level, 6 inches along the foot-wall is
heavily mineralized and there is 3 to 4 feet of disseminated mineralization above the foot-wall
seam.
250 Level.—The adit goes in 440' feet to No. 3 raise through dark schist in which there
are no noticeable bedding-planes. North-easterly-striking joints in the schist contain up to
6 inches of quartz. No. 3 raise goes up about 130 feet and from the top a drift runs southeasterly to connect with the bottom of the winze from the 80-foot level. The drift extends 135
feet from the raise, and at the end there are crosscuts 25 feet to the north-east and 30' feet to
the south-west. From the latter, at a point 12 feet south of the main drift, a drift was being
started southerly, following 6 inches to 1 foot of shear-gouge, just east of which fair lead
mineralization was noted near the floor across 1% feet. The rock exposed in the crosscuts
is limestone, with the bedding-planes dipping 40 degrees to the south-west at the east end
more steeply at the west end. The shear is probably the same one noted at the foot of the
winze. The other workings from the 250-foot level were open as far as the foot of No. 1 raise,
which was being reconditioned. The entrance to the south-west crosscut had been filled with
debris from the raise, which is reported to encounter faulted ground from TO to 100 feet above
the level. The ground is timbered at the foot of the raise because of faulting. The fault
higher up in the raise may be the one mentioned earlier, exposed in the crosscut, which runs
east from the crosscut leading from the main adit to No. 1 raise. The writer was unable to
go up No. 1 raise or along to No. 2 raise.
" B" Workings consist of an adit in about 25 feet, and caved workings, apparently
trenching along the vein, extending 130 feet south-westerly from and rising about 25 feet
above the adit in that distance. These are old workings in which nothing has been done in
recent years. The hillside is covered with small trees and with overburden. The adit is
driven south-easterly in flat-dipping grey schist. Limestone of unknown thickness is exposed
5 feet above the roof of the adit. The limestone strikes north-westerly and dips about 25
degrees to the south-west. The working is timbered to the face, where muck obscures all but
the top 3 feet. There, in flat-lying schist, is very irregular flat-lying quartz 6 inches thick
at the west wall, 1% feet thick at the centre, and splitting toward the east into an upper limb
1 foot thick and a lower limb about 1% feet thick. The latter goes below the muck surface.
On the dump and along the last 50 feet of surface workings there is a good deal of quartz
well mineralized with galena and pyrite.
Bluff Workings lie west of " B " workings. They consist of two adits, of which the lower
is approximately 200 feet above the floor of the basin, at the top of a talus-slope. It is driven
10 feet through crumbly schist into granular limestone. The faulted contact strikes about
north 55 degrees west and dips 40 degrees to the south-west. A drift extends along the fault,
30 feet to the north-west and 15 feet to the south-east. The limestone is impregnated with
grains of galena and sphalerite. On the dump there are pieces of the granular limestone
containing kidneys of well-crystallized galena.    Some of the better disseminated mineralization EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 37
assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 1 oz. per ton; lead, 2.5 per cent.; zinc, 9.6 per cent.; while the
selected sulphides assayed: Gold, trace; silver, 11.4 oz. per ton; lead, 20.8 per cent.; zinc,
13.3 per cent. The limestone extends above the working in a bluff. To the west is a talus-
slope. About 200 feet south and 130 feet higher in elevation is the upper working. Here 15
feet of flat-lying limestone is overlain by schist. The contact is a fault striking north 60
degrees west and dipping 25 degrees to the south-west. An old adit was started under the
fault, where there is some galena, apparently related to some quartz-filled stringers.
" C " Workings.—North-west of the Bluff, across the stream, are the " C " workings,
consisting of three adits, of which the highest goes in 10 feet on a narrow quartz vein cutting
black schist. The quartz contains some galena and sphalerite. About 26 feet lower is the
second adit. At the portal is an irregular lens of quartz 10 feet wide containing kidneys
of well-crystallized galena and pyrite. A sample of selected mixed sulphides assayed: Gold,
0.36 oz. per ton; silver 11 oz. per ton; lead, 23.3 per cent.; zinc, 0.2 per cent. The working
goes in for 40 feet at south 50 degrees west. At 20 feet from the portal the quartz has pinched
down to a width of 2V2 feet and at 40' feet it has pinched out entirely. At this point the
working branches, one branch following a joint for 55 feet at south 15 degrees west, the other
branch going 25 feet at south 70 degrees west to a shear, which it follows for 80 feet at south
20 degrees west. The shear contains quartz-lenses sparingly mineralized with galena. The
third adit is 80 feet lower and about 250 feet above the floor of the main basin. This adit
goes in 190 feet at south 75 degrees west, encountering a shear at 90 feet. The face of the adit
is in grit, which strikes north 50 degrees west and dips 60 degrees to the south-west. The
shear, which is approximately under the portal of the middle level, strikes north 20 degrees
east and dips steeply to the west. It contains from 1 to 1% feet of slightly-mineralized quartz
and 3 inches of gouge along the foot-wall. A few feet past the shear is a crosscut driven 27
feet to the north-west.
The Ruth, Minnie, Charlotte, Vermont, Sheba, Cleopatra, and Ruth Fraction
Galena Crown-granted claims and the R.C.M. Fraction are owned by the Galena
Syndicate. Syndicate, of London, which is registered in Victoria. These claims are
situated on Vermont Creek about 3 miles west of the confluence of that
stream with Vowell Creek. The ground covered by the claims is largely south of the creek,
which flows through the Vermont and Cleopatra claims. On Carbonate Mountain the syndicate also owns the Diamond E. and Monitor Crown-granted claims, which are not reported
upon here.
Vermont Creek occupies a steep, deeply-cut valley and flows through a canyon in the last
mile, of its course. There is a bench at the top of the canyon which, on the north side, extends
nearly to the claims. On both sides of the stream there are several slide courses. The ground
rises very steeply south of the stream. The workings are principally on each side of a rock-
slide which cuts through steep bluffs. To reach some of the workings narrow pathways have
been made up the bluffs and ropes provided for safety. Some of the upper workings are on
the steep lightly-timbered slope above the bluffs. The camp is on a bench at about 5,600 feet
elevation (aneroid), below the steep slope, and about 1,000 feet north of the lower workings.
A sleigh-road from Spillimacheen to the property, some 38 miles in length, was completed
in 1927 and has been used as a tractor-road, but has not been in use since 1930'. This road
follows the south side of the Spillimacheen to the point where it crosses Vowell Creek about
30 miles from the property. Near the crossing a pack-trail more or less following the route
of the old sleigh-road from Parson joins the road. From the information at hand it appears
that sections of the road as far as the crossing will now be impassable and the bridges unsafe.
Much of this part of the road was an old sleigh-road, only slightly improved. The property
can be reached conveniently with pack-horses from Carbonate Landing or Wells Landing,
though from the junction of the Carbonate Landing Trail with the trail from Wells Landing,
on the Spillimacheen, the route involves crossing the summits between the Spillimacheen,
Bobbie Burns Creek, and Vowell Creek. The bridges across the Spillimacheen and Bobbie
Burns Creek are in poor condition, though passable for pack-horses. The trail has not been
kept up and is in poor condition. The distance from Parson via Wells Landing is about 6 miles
less than the distance from Spillimacheen. From the junction near the Vowell Creek Crossing
there is a fair road to 4-Mile, except for one section damaged by a snow-slide. From 4-Mile
the grade is heavy until the bench above the canyon is reached. Thence to the mine the grade
is easy.    There is now no bridge across Vermont Creek at the property. ■
E 38
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
In the vicinity of the workings, which are principally on the Ruth claim, the rocks consist
of bedded sediments, limestone, and argillites grading to quartzites, in which slaty cleavage is
frequently strongly developed. In some cases the softer rocks have been rendered schistose
rather than slaty. The bedding is frequently well defined and appears to strike generally
from 30 to 60 degrees west of north and to dip either easterly or westerly at angles up to 25
degrees, both dip and strike being variable. The slaty cleavage, on the other hand, has a
fairly constant strike and dips steeply to the north-east. Strong joints having about the same
strike, but dipping steeply, usually to the south-west, cut the slates. Other fairly well-
developed jointing is apparently of less importance. The slates vary from dark argillaceous
to reddish quartzitic rocks in which beautifully developed slaty cleavage cuts the bedding-
planes.    Some of the slates are limy.
Quartz veins occur following the bedding and also strong jointing, which is vertical or
dips steeply to the south-west and cuts the slaty cleavage. The latter type are frequently
heavily mineralized with lead, zinc, and iron sulphides. Such heavily-mineralized veins in the
joints vary from a % to 18 inches in width. In one section such joint-veins are closely spaced
over a considerable width. Moderate values in gold with silver, lead, and zinc are found in
these veins. In similar veins or at some points in the veins the mineralization is almost
entirely pyrite and arsenopyrite, carrying some gold and a little silver. White quartz veins
following the bedding are irregularly and sparingly mineralized.
Limestone replaced by mixed sulphides appears to hold interesting possibilities. The
mineralization may be quite heavy and carries good values in silver as well as in lead and zinc.
Within the replacement-zone narrow quartz veins mineralized with sulphides also occur.
A feature of the mineralization in this area is the occurrence of arsenopyrite and of
boulangerite along with galena, sphalerite, and pyrite. Boulangerite is a sulph-antimonide of
lead. This mineral was identified in sections from a vein north of Vermont Creek, described
below under " Ruth-Vermont Mines, Ltd." Sections from the Nelson ore-body, a replacement
deposit, on the Galena Syndicate's property were also studied microscopically in the laboratory
of the Department of Mines at Victoria, as were sections from veins on the property. The
report of J. M. Cummings on the microscopic study of these sections is as follows:—
Nelson Ore-body.—" Three sections prepared of samples 5-155-4, 5-160l1a, and 5-160-Ib.
These appeared, from cursory examination, identical as to minerals present and relationships,
there being no sufficiently outstanding difference to describe them separately on the basis of
one section of each type.
" The mineralization consists of abundant subhedral to euhedral disseminated grains and
aggregates of pyrite, and irregular masses of sphalerite and galena. The sulphide associations
are in many places intimate; sphalerite enclosing, veining, and replacing pyrite; galena in
intimate association with sphalerite, and most notably galena in the form of tiny blebs (down
to 0.02 mm. in size, but usually greater than 0.05 mm.) replacing pyrite. Nearly every crystal
of pyrite in the sections examined contained a few inclusions of galena, some up to 25 per cent,
of their area."
Upper Pine Tree Vein.—" One section was prepared showing massive galena in contact
with a fine-grained complex of pyrite and sphalerite the gangue being quartz with some
carbonate."
Blacksmith Vein.—" One section was prepared consisting of massive to crystalline arsenopyrite in a quartzose gangue.    Elongated crystals of arsenopyrite are present."
The Ruth, Minnie, and Charlotte claims are of long standing; it is reported that they were
located in 1893. Some claims north of the creek had been located in 1889 and surveyed for
Crown grant in 1894. The Ruth, Minnie, and Charlotte claims were surveyed for Crown grant
in 1900. The other claims were located in 1925 and in 1929. Apparently most of the short
adits on this property were started many years ago. Reference has been made above to early
shipments prior to 1898. It appears that the property had lain idle for a long time when
operations were started by the Galena Syndicate in 1926. Work was continued until 1929,
since which time the property has been inactive.
On the Minnie claim there are some very old surface workings on the steep ridge south
of the Ruth claim. They were not examined by the writer. On the Charlotte claim, lying
east of the Ruth, are two short adits, one of which is driven for 8 feet on a quartz vein 2 to 6
inches wide, mineralized with pyrite and arsenopyrite. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 39
The workings on the Ruth claim are the most extensive. They consist of three series of
adits. Two of these series extend over a considerable vertical range, each series designed to
prospect what was considered to be one vein. The eastern series, five in number, have been
called the Blacksmith adits. The western series have been called the Pine Tree or Bluff
workings and are three in number, of which the portal of the lowest is now buried under talus.
The lowest working of the Blacksmith series consists of a 140-foot adit, from which a crosscut
to the east failed to pick up the Blacksmith vein. A crosscut to the south-west picked up what
may be the Pine Tree vein and another mineralized zone. The two series of workings are
about 250 feet apart measured normal to the general strike of the fracturing. Between the
lower workings of the two series is a steep rock-slide. The Bluff or middle Pine Tree adit is
driven from the face of a cliff, west of the narrow rock-slide. Below this adit and between it
and the Blacksmith adit mentioned is a series of workings on limestone replacement mineralization. These workings consist of the Lower and Upper Nelson adits and a stope open to the
surface above the Upper Nelson. The lowest Blacksmith adit is reached easily from the camp
by trail, but the fourth Blacksmith adit, the middle Pine Tree adit, and the Nelson workings
can be reached only by climbing up or across the steep rock-slide and bluffs. The second and
third adits of the Blacksmith series and the highest of the Pine Tree series are on the steep
sloping hillside above the bluffs and are conveniently reached by a rather steep footpath.
Lacking a plan of the workings, an examination and description cannot be precise.
An accurate survey would be difficult, and was impossible under the circumstances of the
examination. Elevations given are based on barometric readings corrected so far as was
possible. As the weather was rainy and varied greatly the elevations given may contain
appreciable errors.
The highest working of the Blacksmith series is a short adit driven from a creek-bed at
approximately 6,325 feet elevation. This was not visited by the writer as it could not be
visited safely from the west side of the creek. The vein can be seen in the bluff on the east
side of the creek above the adit. It appears to strike west of north and dips at about 70 degrees
westerly. The second Blacksmith adit, at 6,250 feet elevation, goes in for 85 feet on a course
of south 30 degrees east, apparently following a vein, which is a quartz-filled joint dipping
vertically or steeply to the west, cutting soft slate, the cleavage of which dips 70 degrees
easterly. The adit is closely timbered to 15 feet from the face. Above the portal and in the
last 15 feet the vein can be seen; there it has a width of 6 to 9 inches, consisting of quartz
mineralized with galena, pyrite, some arsenopyrite, and possibly some boulangerite. In the
Annual Report of the Minister of Mines for 1930, B. T. O'Grady gives the following assay from
a grab sample of sorted ore at the portal: Gold, 0.12 oz. per ton; silver, 23.1 oz. per ton; lead,
21.6 per cent.;  zinc, 10.4 per cent.
At 6,160 feet elevation, and approximately 50 feet due west of the vertical projection of
the vein in the higher adit, is an adit driven 40 feet on a course of south 50 degrees west.
This is a drift on a vein 3 to 7 inches wide, dipping at 60 degrees to the south-west in harder
slate having the same attitude as that in the second adit. The vein-fracture contains crushed
slate, quartz, galena, and aggregates of arsenopyrite, massive, and as long crystals. A sample
of this material assayed: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton; silver, 2 oz. per ton; lead, trace; zinc, 0.7
per cent. This third adit of the Blacksmith series starts from the steep side-hill just at the
edge of the bluff. The fourth of the series starts from the bluff, about 35 feet lower, and it
is reached by climbing up the steep rock-slide and the bluff from below. An aerial tramway
led from this working to a point near the camp.
At the portal the slaty cleavage has the same general attitude, but bedding-planes, plainly
marked in the slate, have a low dip to the north-east; to the west also farther in the adit the
bedding dips to the south-west. The adit goes in for 22 feet at south 35 degrees east under
a vein, which is 2 feet thick at the surface and largely oxidized. It pinches to 4 inches; then
widens to 1 foot, 20 feet from the portal, where cut by a cross-vein striking south 60 degrees
east and dipping 70 degrees south-westerly; then narrows rapidly again. A few feet ahead
the drift is filled with caved muck. The 1930 report by B. T. O'Grady states that the drift
is 140 feet long and that the vein widens at 60 feet at a cross-vein where a stope had been
opened from a 45-foot raise.    The following is quoted from his report:—
" In the stope, which is about 20 feet long, the ore varied in width from 24 to 30 inches.
In the back some oxidized decomposed material, containing a little galena, has been left, and E 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
at the south-eastern end of this working the ore apparently peters out. Going south-easterly
along the tunnel, beyond the raise, an unimportant stringer is followed to the face. Selected
ore from the stope assayed: Gold, 0.07 oz. to the ton; silver, €5 oz. to the ton; lead, 27 per
cent.;   zinc, 13 per cent."
The highest working of the Pine Tree series is an adit at an elevation of 6,326 feet.
It is driven 27 feet at south 50 degrees east from the end of a 10-foot cut, following a fracture
which dips 85 degrees to the south-west, which cuts slate dipping 75 degrees north-easterly.
The vein, consisting of quartz heavily mineralized with galena, some pyrite, and sphalerite,
has been left on the west wall. Holes cut through the vein at intervals expose the width,
which is from 8 to 11 inches along the drift. Breast-high, outside the portal, the vein is 1 foot
wide and includes 2 inches of carbonates. A sample across the solid vein here assayed: Gold,
0.14 oz. per ton; silver, 29 oz. per ton; lead, 35.1 per cent.; zinc, 1.6 per cent. The width
6 feet above the portal is 6 inches.
The next working of this series is reached by climbing up the bluffs west of the rock-slide.
It is at an elevation of 6,150 feet, slightly higher than the fourth adit of the Blacksmith series,
and between 250 and 300 feet south-westerly from it. This adit follows a vein which for the
first 20 feet strikes south 80 degrees west, then turns to south 50 degrees west. The vein is
on the west wall of the working throughout its length of 75 feet; the dip is almost vertical.
From the bend, for some distance in, a thin unmineralized quartz vein, dipping 20 degrees
south-westerly, cuts the steep vein. Above the flat vein the other has a width of 1% to 2 feet,
while below its width is from 6 to 9 inches. It is well mineralized with galena and sphalerite.
The roof has been stoped to a height of 12 feet in from the bend and the floor has been mined
for a few feet. East of the portal for perhaps 60 feet along the face of the cliff the slaty
cleavage strikes north 60 degrees west, dips about 65 degrees north-easterly, and is cut by a
series of joints, dipping about 70 degrees to the south-west, spaced from 1 to 5 feet apart and
filled with from % to 3 inches of sulphides and quartz. This appears to be about vertically
over the southerly projection of the replacement mineralization in the Upper Nelson adit.
Mention has been made of an adit-crosscut which was designed to pick up the Blacksmith
vein. This adit, at an elevation of 5,940 feet, starts from a steep bluff about 50 feet east
of the rock-slide. It goes in at south 45 degrees east for 140 feet, from which point a crosscut
runs 75 feet at north 70 degrees east, with two short drifts from it along the slate. The main
working swings to the west from the same point, turning in 15 feet to a course of about south
35 degrees west, which it follows for about 220 feet. Seven feet from the end a drift runs
for 30 feet at south 60 degrees east, following a vein dipping 75 degrees south-westerly. This is
probably the continuation of the vein in the second adit of the Pine Tree series. The vein-
width varies from 1 inch in the north wall of the adit to 1 foot at the widest in the first 20 feet
of the drift, which section of the vein has been stoped for about 15 feet above the level.
A sample across 8% inches at the south-east end of the stope assayed: Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton;
silver, 32 oz. per ton;   lead, 18.8 per cent.;   zinc, 14.4 per cent.
In the crosscut 40 feet north-east of this drift is another which goes for about 20 feet at
south 60 degrees east. At the end a crosscut extends south-westerly for 12 feet. The short
drift and crosscut with the main crosscut partly open up a zone having a width of 16 feet,
of black, somewhat limy schist containing lenses of quartz and sulphides which strike south
60 degrees east and dip 60 degrees south-westerly. On the north-west wall of the main adit
the eastern half of the zone contains three or four quartz-lenses from 3 to 18 inches thick,
with parallel stringers which, with the schist, are varyingly mineralized with galena, pyrite,
and sphalerite. The short drift and crosscut show similar mineralization. The western half
is sparingly mineralized.
Nelson Workings.—About at 200' feet south 25 degrees west from the portal of the last-
mentioned adit is the entrance to a small stope reached by crossing the slide. The stope is on
a fracture in thin-bedded, limy slate. The fracture strikes at north 66 degrees west and dips
66 degrees southerly. It appears that galena to a thickness of several inches was removed,
and some sphalerite was left on the hanging-wall. The stope is connected with the Upper
Nelson adit about 20 feet below at an elevation of 6,020 feet. The adit runs for 50 feet at
south 70 degrees east, then turns to a course of about south 40 degrees east for approximately
25 feet. At 30 feet from the portal is the bottom of the raise to the stope, while at 35 feet
is the top of a raise from the Lower Nelson adit.    This adit explores replacement mineraliza- EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5).
E 41
tion in bedded limestone which strikes north 30 degrees west and dips at 40 degrees northeasterly. The mineralized beds are overlain by limy slates. At the portal there is 12 to 13
feet of mineralized limestone above the floor. At the raise the upper contact is 7 feet, while
at the face of the drift it is 6 feet above the floor. The mineralization is quite variable,
consisting of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite, intimately mixed, and again in fairly pure segregations of the several minerals. The report of microscopic examination given above refers to
specimens from both the Upper and Lower Nelson adits.
The Lower Nelson adit, at about 5,975 feet elevation, starts at the lower contact of limestone. The bluffs expose a thickness of 25 feet of limestone striking north 55 degrees west
and dipping 45 degrees north-easterly. A white quartz vein, 1 to 2 feet thick, follows the
bedding below 3 feet of limy slate immediately underlying the limestone. The adit follows the
quartz vein south-easterly on a curving course for 110 feet. Comparatively little mineralization shows, except pyrite in the slate and some fine mixed sulphides in the roof. The raise is
at about 40 feet from the portal. Under the raise a winze goes down on the dip to the
north-east, with a 1-foot seam of mixed sulphides at the collar which assayed: Gold, 0.02 oz.
per ton; silver, 14 oz. per ton; lead, 13.3 per cent.; zinc, 13.9 per cent. The mineralization in
the lower part of the raise is weak. Twenty feet beyond the raise a crosscut runs northeasterly for 20 feet into the limestone. On the north wall 10 feet in there are 2 feet of
fine-grained mixed sulphides. The white quartz vein contains a little galena and sphalerite.
The following samples are of selected mineral from the upper level:—
Gold.
Silver.
Lead.
Zinc.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
0.02
Trace
Trace
Oz. per Ton.
4.0
56.4
23.6
Per Cent.
3.6
46.6
17.2
Per Cent.
7.0
13.5
36.0
Upper Nelson, 6 inches, chiefly pyrite.
Upper Nelson, selected galena.
Upper Nelson, selected sphalerite.
The mineralization is variable and bulk-sampling would be required to obtain a fair
average. Much more work would have to be done to determine the extent of the deposit.
It is apparent that a considerable volume of material contains sufficient lead and zinc to be
regarded as good milling-ore. The silver content is high for replacement ore. The size of
some particles, as indicated by microscopic study, is rather small, but it is probable that testing
would indicate a good release of mineral grains within the limits of commercial grinding.
West of the Nelson workings is a wide rock-slide. To the east across the narrow slide,
at the crosscut adit and the powder-house 50 feet to the west, there is some limestone which
extends for 20 feet above the floor-level of the adit; it is somewhat warped and is slightly
mineralized at the powder-house. The adit starts in limestone but runs out of it about 75 feet
from the portal. Another outcrop of limestone is at the creek 250 feet east of the adit and
at an elevation of about 6,075 feet.
The Crown-granted claims, Syenite Bluff, Agnes, and Black Horse, and the
Ruth-Vermont   following claims or fractions:    Agnes Fr., Eureka, Mezeppa,  Wildhorse,
Mines, Ltd.       White Horse, Lion, Unicorn, Ruth No. 2, Charlotte Fr., and Minnie Extension, held by location, are in the name of G. W. Edwards.    They are referred
to as the property of Ruth-Vermont Mines, Limited, which is closely associated with the
Witwatersrand Syndicate.    These claims are situated on Vermont Creek, principally on the
very steep north side, north-west of the holdings of the Galena Syndicate.    The Crown-granted
claims are of long standing.    They are normally 6,000 by 1,500 feet.    The Agnes and Black
Horse were located in 1889 and surveyed for Crown grant in 1894.    The locations were staked
in 1930 and 1931 and some more recently.    Some of these claims have been surveyed for
Crown grant.
The workings on this property are all shallow and are quite limited. Lead-zinc mineralization has been exposed at several widely-separated points. At one of these, disseminated
sulphide occurs in conglomerate and in the slate underlying the conglomerate. At another
point lead-zinc mineralization occurs in bedded limestone.
The most conspicuous feature of the property is a narrow vein mineralized with galena,
sphalerite, and boulangerite. The boulangerite, a sulph-antimonide of lead, forms a considerable part of the sulphide mineralization.    Oxidation of this mineral yields the yellow oxide E 42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
of antimony. This marks the outcrop of the vein, which is traceable along a talus-slope and
down a steep slide course for a horizontal distance of 1,800 feet from the crest of the divide
between Vermont and Copper Creeks, at 8,300 feet elevation, to a point in the slide of 7,750
feet elevation. Cuts made in either the talus, or in the slide, fill in quickly. The vein is easily
traced by the yellow-coated float and is usually easily found in place by a little digging.
The actual vein, however, is rarely exposed. It appears to have a width of from 6 inches to
2 feet of mineralized quartz, which may include a considerable quantity of siliceous schist
which the vein appears to follow. Sphalerite forms an important part of the vein-mineralization. The following analyses of two samples give an idea of the more valuable metallic
contents:—
Gold.
Silver.
Lead.
Zinc.
Description.
Oz. per Ton.
0.34
0.12
Oz. per Ton.
3.6
21.6
Per Cent.
Trace
0.2
Per Cent.
10.6
24.8
From vein near crest of ridge.
From vein well down in slide.
The report of a microscopic study of two specimens of this material made by J. M.
Cummings at the Department of Mines' laboratory:—
" Ruth-Vermont; mixed sulphides. One section was prepared from massive sulphides
consisting of arsenopyrite, sphalerite, and boulangerite. Arsenopyrite occurs as subhedral to
euhedral grains and crystalline aggregates, surrounded by and in contact with relatively large,
irregular masses of sphalerite. Boulangerite is disseminated throughout, replacing, in some
places, both the other sulphides up to 25 per cent, of their area. This association is very intimate and it would be almost commercially impossible to make a clean separation, should this
be desired.
"Ruth-Vermont; mixed sulphides. One section prepared from typical ore consists of
massive boulangerite containing a few tiny rounded arsenopyrite crystals in a gangue of quartz
and minor amounts of carbonate."
Though the nature of the outcrop is not favourable for permanent workings, it would be
possible to reach the vein from a safe place on the ridge to the west by driving a curving
crosscut, probably not more than 100 feet in length.
SPECIAL REPORTS.
A limited number of mimeographed copies are available to those who specially request
reports on the following properties:—
Salmo-Malartic Mines, Limited.
Golden Fawn Mining Company, Limited.
Northwind Group, Paulson.
Silver Basin, Bugaboo Creek.
The properties described in these reports are not considered to have reached a stage of
development that would be of sufficient interest as yet to warrant the inclusion of lengthy
descriptions in the Annual Report.
A special report is also available on part of the Rossland Camp, where sufficient work has
not yet been done by the Department to warrant a full report.
PROGRESS NOTES.
LODE-GOLD DEPOSITS.
BY
H. E. Miard.
Creston Area.
Creston Hill.—Situated west of Kitchener; operated by the Creston Hill Mining Syndicate; manager, Silas E. Jones. A crew of seven (four underground) was employed for some
time, but operations had to be suspended in the fall owing to the failure of the water-supply. Southern Kootenay Lake.
Bayonne Mine.—Operated by the Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Limited; N. H. Atkinson,
manager. The mine is situated at the head of Summit Creek, at an altitude of approximately
6,200 feet, and is reached, from Tye Siding on the Canadian Pacific Railway, by a road permitting the use of motor-trucks and about 23 miles in length. Operations began in earnest
last year as soon as the road had been reopened in the spring; the work done during the
summer and early fall being mostly concerned with the erection of a cyanide-mill and the installation of a power plant, considerable progress having been made with the construction of
comfortable living-quarters during the previous year. The construction-work was greatly
facilitated by the use of a portable sawmill, the lumber used being almost entirely cut on the
property.
The power plant consists of four Diesel engines, driving a 185-K.V.A. alternator, a 525-
cubic-foot Canadian Ingersoll-Rand compressor, a 450-cubic-foot Holman compressor, and a
220-cubie-foot Gardner-Denver compressor, respectively. The last one mentioned may also be
used to drive a 25-K.V.A. alternator instead of the compressor, if desired.
The underground working force, which consisted of only eleven men in September, had
been increased to twenty-eight two months later, while the number of men employed on the
surface decreased from sixty-four to forty-two in the course of the same period. The mill
employs nine men.
The local topography is eminently favourable to development by means of adit-levels and
to the natural ventilation of the mine-workings. The vein is narrow and the walls generally
firm, circumstances rendering possible the introduction of both the shrinkage and the cut-and-
fill methods of working. The development-work done during the year totalled 991 feet, including 321 feet of drifting, 624 feet of raising, and 46 feet of crosscutting. During the short time
in which the concentrator was in operation 2,666 tons of ore was milled, this yielding 825 oz.
gold and 2,113 oz. silver.
Spokane.—This property, situated on Wall Mountain and owned by Karl K. and Reuben
M. Laib, who reside there permanently, is reached by a rather steep trail leaving the Bayonne
Road at a point situated about 18 miles from Tye Siding. An arrastra, driven by an overshot
water-wheel, was installed in a log building at the foot of the hill, on the bank of Canyon Creek,
some years ago, but has not been used lately.    In 1936 a total of 40 tons of ore was shipped.
Wisconsin.—Owned and operated by A. E. Frost, of Seattle; manager, E. W. McQuade.
This property, situated on Hennessey Mountain at an elevation of 6,460 feet and about 13 miles
by pack-trail from Midge Creek Siding on the Canadian Pacific Railway, has until now been
operated only during the summer months. A wagon-road was constructed in the latter part
of the year to a point some 5 miles distant from the railway and will greatly facilitate the
handling of supplies when operations are resumed. Power is supplied by a 256-cubic-foot
Gardner-Denver compressor driven by a McCormick-Deering portable Diesel engine, a Holman
drill-sharpener, a small Holman hoist, and a Coppus Ventair fan completing the mechanical
equipment.
The work done in the course of the past year consisted chiefly in the deepening of the winze
and the driving of prospecting-drifts. Weak ground was encountered on the south side. The
ore carries gold values in arsenical pyrite. A crew of eighteen men (nine of them underground) was employed during the summer. The development-work done included 10 feet of
sinking, 537 feet of drifting, and 249 feet of crosscutting.
Lakeview.—Near Sanca, on the east side of Kootenay Lake. A small crew was employed
for some time in exploratory and development work under the direction of C. J. Curtin.
Vicinity of Nelson.
Alpine Group.—At the head of Sitkum Creek. The Alpine Syndicate employed a small
crew on the construction of a road to the property for some time, under the direction of B. N.
Sharp.
Granite-Poorman.—Operated by the Livingstone Mining Company, Incorporated; manager,
H. R. Smith. This property, situated on Eagle Creek, 5 miles west of Nelson, has been operated
desultorily for a number of years, having been abandoned entirely to lessees until about three
years ago. The total number of men employed varied between nine (with seven underground)
and twenty-four (with fifteen underground).    A 10-stamp mill is in operation, the gold and E 44 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
silver values being recovered by amalgamation followed by concentration on Wilfley tables.
Forty tons of dry ore was shipped to Trail and together with 34 tons of pyrite concentrates
yielded 93 oz. gold and 145 oz. silver.
Venus-Juno.—This group, owned by R. Heddle, of Nelson, is situated above the Athabasca,
on the summit of Morning Mountain, and is reached by a rather steep wagon-road. For some
years the Venus has been operated spasmodically by lessees. The portals of all the adits but
two have caved in and the workings are in rather poor condition. Three groups of lessees,
headed by Geo. Gormley (Jr.), Bruno Sterna, and Geo. Gormley (Sr.), respectively, worked at
the mine during the year. The shipments to the Trail smelter totalled 84 tons, yielding 112 oz.
gold and 220 oz. silver.
Athabasca.—On Morning Mountain. Owned by the Noble Five Mines, Limited; manager,
Paul Lincoln. The property was operated by lessees for some time during the year. Shipments to the Trail smelter totalled 38 tons of dry ore, this yielding 85 oz. gold, 300 oz. silver,
1,885 lb. lead, and 4,743 lb. zinc; and 1 ton of concentrates containing 2 oz. of gold, 9 oz. silver,
66 lb. lead, and 12i2 lb. of zinc.
Victoria and Jessie Group.—On Toad Mountain, about 8 miles by road from Nelson. An
option was taken on this property by the Hammel interests and work began very early in
the spring. A camp was built and a portable compressor was brought up. The operations,
entirely of an exploratory nature, were limited to drifting on a mineralized dyke. A crew of
eleven men was employed for some time, under the direction of Captain R. D. Adams, with
W. J. Turner in charge of operations.
California.—Two groups of lessees, headed by Chas. M. Stevens and R. Basic, respectively,
worked on the property for some time and shipped 45 tons of ore to the Trail smelter, this
yielding 37 oz. gold and 138 oz. silver.
Perrier.—Owned by the Perrier Gold Mines, Limited; manager, Howard Thompson.
A crew varying in number between six and eight was employed from May to November.
Living accommodation for a few men was built, a compressor driven by a Diesel engine was
installed, and development-work consisting of some drifting was done. Two tons of concentrates shipped to the Trail smelter from the property yielded 2 oz. gold, 6 oz. silver, 96 lb. lead,
and 135 lb. zinc.
Catherine-Juno.—Situated on Evening Mountain, above the Perrier. Little work has
been done up to the present time on this property, owned by William Jarvis. Most of the ore
shipped in the past was obtained from open-cuts on the outcrop of the vein, which presents
many points of similarity to that on the Perrier. In the course of the summer, operations
were resumed on a more active basis, living accommodation was built, and the Catherine-Juno
Syndicate was organized, with Wm, Conn as manager. The number of men employed varied
between three and six. The development-work done amounted to 40 feet of drifting, and 24
tons of ore, yielding 6 oz. gold, 45 oz. silver, 496 lb. lead, and 133 lb. zinc, was shipped to the
Trail smelter.
Euphrates.—Operated by the Euphrates Mining Company, Incorporated; manager, Sarkis
Terzian. Active development proceeded on this property throughout the year, with the exception of seven weeks in the fall, when the operation of the hydraulic-power plant was so seriously hampered by ice forming in the flume that it became necessary to install a 125-horse-
power Diesel engine to run the compressor. This, with the 16 by 9 by 16 cross-compound
Canadian Rand compressor and an 8-k.v.a. d.c. generator, constitutes the present mechanical
equipment. Arrangements are to be made (according to report) early in the current year
to secure power from the West Kootenay Power and Light Company.
Good living accommodation was erected at the mine in October, the old camp at the foot
of the hill near the railway being much too far from the mine. A crew varying in number
between twenty and twenty-eight (an average of fifteen men underground) was employed.
The work done was limited to development carried on from two adit-drifts following the Ell Tee
and the Minto veins, respectively. From the former a crosscut was driven to the Nickel Plate
vein, on which some drifting was done also. The work done during the year amounted to 1,260
feet of drifting and 750 feet of crosscutting.
Canadian Belle.—Some development-work was done on this property, owned by Michael
Herman and situated about 3 miles from Hall Siding on the Great Northern Railway. Three
men were employed from November 14th until the end of January of the present year and did
80 feet of drifting. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 46
Vicinity of Ymir.
Gold Cup.—At this property, situated near Porto Rico, the Gold Cup Mining Company,
Limited, employed a crew of three men from the beginning of the year until December 1st,
when operations were suspended for an indefinite period. The work done was entirely of an
exploratory nature and consisted of 25 feet of drifting and 1,833 feet of diamond-drilling.
Tamarac.—Late in the year an option was taken on this property, belonging to E. W.
Widdowson, of Nelson, by Balsam Tamarac Gold Mines, Limited. A small crew was employed
on the construction of a tractor-road starting from the Goodenough mine. The next step will
have to be the erection of living-quarters and the securing of an adequate water-supply for the
camp, after which the present workings will claim their share of attention, a certain amount of
repair-work being necessary.
Ymir.—Operated by the Ymir Consolidated Gold Mines, Limited; manager, B. H. Melvin.
Operations during the year were practically restricted to the drawing and tramming of broken
ore left in stopes.
Goodenough.—Situated on Elise Mountain and operated by the Ymir Consolidated Gold
Mines, Limited; manager, B. H. Melvin. Very little work was done on this property during
the winter of 1935-36, but milling was resumed after Major J. B. Cowell became consulting
engineer for the company. Before active operations could begin, however, it was necessary to
install a new power plant, the Diesel engine formerly in use having broken down hopelessly.
A power-line was built and a Bury 16 and 10 by 10 compressor, driven by a 100-horse-power
Canadian Westinghouse induction-motor operated at 2,200 volts, was installed. The very
small crew employed originally gradually increased to fifty, the men working occasionally at
the Ymir being included. The workings are in weak ground, requiring careful timbering and
barring. A new adit-level was started in the autumn, but operations were suspended later,
the intention being to delay further extension until the ground had been explored by diamond-
drilling. Development-work totalled 2,468 feet, made up as follows: Drifts, 1,757 feet; raises,
522 feet; crosscuts, 179 feet: The diamond-drilling done amounted to 2,277 feet. A total of
11,816 tons was mined and milled, producing 1,159 tens of concentrates which yielded 3,016 oz.
gold, 24,205 oz. silver, 414,16-7 lb. lead, and 257,312 lb. zinc (this including the production of the
Ymir).
Blackcock.—A crew of fourteen (eight underground) was employed on this property for
some time during the summer by the Blackcock Mining Company with Charles E. Chestnut as
foreman. Power was supplied by a gasoline-driven portable compressor. The development-
work done consisted of 433 feet of drifting and 30 feet of crosscuts. The output, treated at
the mill of the Ymir Consolidated Gold Mines, Limited, amounted to 1,207 tons, from which 54
tons of concentrates were obtained, these yielding 216.4 oz. gold, 647 oz. silver, 19,448 lb. lead,
and 10,161 lb. zinc.
Ymir-Wilcox.—This property, owned by the Ymir-Wilcox Mines, Limited, is operated
under lease by the Wilcox Mining Syndicate, with James A. Cullinane as manager. This is
essentially a summer operation, as snow-slides render the road impracticable in winter;
a difficulty to which a shortage of water joined itself at the end of the season. Twelve men
were employed, seven of them underground. A small stamp-mill is operated. The tonnage
mined and milled amounted to 2,600, from which 134 tons of concentrates were obtained, thesa
yielding 733 oz. gold, 1,294 oz. silver, 13,503 lb. lead, and 1,877 lb. zinc.
Yankee Girl.—Operated by the Ymir Yankee Girl Gold Mines, Limited; manager, Harry
W. Seamon; mine superintendent, James D. Ferguson; mill superintendent, John Vallance.
The number of men employed, salaried officials excluded, was 104 on an average—seventy-seven
underground, eight on the surface, and nineteen at the mill. As the present workings are
extending over a vertical height of some 1,200 feet, conditions eminently favourable to efficient
ventilation by natural means are present. The entire output is hauled on the 1,235 level by
a storage-battery locomotive. The winze has reached a depth of about 300 feet below the
1,235 level. Power for underground operations is supplied by a 20 and 12V2 by 14 Canadian
Ingersoll-Rand compressor, driven by a 250-horse-power synchronous motor operated at 2,200
volts, electric power being obtained from the West Kootenay Power and Light Company.
The development-work done during the year consisted of 1,529 feet of drifting, 130 feet of
crosscutting, 1,491 feet of raising, 161 feet of sinking, and 3,067 feet of diamond-drilling. E 46 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
The tonnage mined was 43,149 and 43,378 tons were milled; this yielded 11,520 oz. gold,
46,107 oz. silver, 895,652 lb. lead, and 548,768 lb. zinc.
Ymir Centre Star.—This property, situated on Jubilee Mountain, overlooking Ymir, is
operated by the Wesko Mines, Limited, with Harold Lakes as manager and Harry Stevens as
mine superintendent. The mine is very advantageously situated, the only drawback being
the possibility of snow-slides at a few points on the hillside, and the concentrator is also in
a very convenient location. The conditions existing are eminently favourable to development
by adit-levels and to natural ventilation. The flotation-mill was already in operation when the
mine was visited for the last time, on November 24th, and the cyanide plant was being
completed. Little was done underground during the summer, beyond the driving of a raise
from the 560- to the 300-foot level, mill and aerial tramway construction being the chief
activities throughout that period. Notwithstanding this, it was intended to handle a fairly
large daily tonnage as soon as the mill could be brought into operation. The number of
employees varied in different periods of the year with the nature of the operations on hand.
At the time of the last inspection there were twenty-four men underground, seventeen on the
surface, and eleven at the mill, with a readjustment contemplated for the time at which the
construction-work would be completed and production could be established on the projected
basis. Four hundred and fifteen tons of concentrates, yielding 910 oz. gold, 7,916 oz. silver,
184,670 lb. lead, and 51,881 lb. zinc, were produced.
Howard.—On the South Fork of Porcupine Creek, about 9 miles from Ymir. Owned by
the Durango Gold Mines, Limited. An option was taken on the property in September by the
Dentonia Mines, Limited, and Major A. W. Davis took charge of the operations. Early in
the summer new living-quarters had to be erected, as the buildings previously in use had been
carried away by a snow-slide in the course of the preceding winter. The work was largely of
an exploratory nature, consisting principally in the driving of a raise and drifting on an
ore-body found on No. 1 level. Nine men were employed (six underground). The development-work done consisted of 359 feet of raising, 388 feet of drifting, and 600 feet of diamond-
drilling.
Harriet.—The owner, A. S. Curwen, of Ymir, shipped 5 tons of ore from this property;
this yielding 10 oz. gold and 1 oz. silver.
Emerald.—A crew of four was employed in development-work on this property during
the greater part of the year under the direction of Louis Johnson. Operations were suspended
at the beginning of winter.
Queen.—On Wolf Creek. Operated by the Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Limited; manager,
H. E. Doelle; mine superintendent, Frank Buckle; mill superintendent, Louis Vogel. The
mine, brought into operation again three years ago after a long period of abandonment, is in
difficult ground, apparently under considerable stress in the immediate vicinity of the vein and
inclined towards very active spalling for some time after it has been exposed. Uncommonly
heavy side-pressure has also been experienced at some points, this resulting in serious damage
to the timbering. The entire production is hoisted through No. 2 shaft, sunk from the surface
two years ago and now 894 feet in depth. A new Canadian Ingersoll-Rand hoist, with 48- by
38-inch drums, grooved for %-inch rope, fitted with an automatic brake and driven by a 150-
horse-power induction-motor (voltage 440), was installed at this opening towards the end of
the year. The blind shaft, known as No. 1, sunk to a depth of 425 feet below No. 3 level west,
is now used only for the handling of material.
The method of working followed is shrinkage-stoping with subsequsnt waste-filling where
practicable. In the course of the year, crosscuts were driven to the Hideaway and Yellowstone
veins from Nos. 5 and 7 levels, the former being met at two different elevations and proved
by some drifting, while the latter had just been reached when it became necessary to interrupt
the work temporarily while the shaft was being sunk to No. 12 level.
The development-work done during the year consisted of 3,464 feet of drifting, 623 feet of
raising, 2,986 feet of crosscutting, 357 feet of sinking, and 564 feet of diamond-drilling.
The number of men employed varied slightly during the year. At the time of the last
inspection there were sixty-eight working underground, thirty-two on the surface, and ten at
the mill.
The total tonnage mined and milled was 54,967; this yielding 16,184 oz. gold and 5,004 oz.
silver. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 47
Kootenay Belle.—Operated by the Kootenay Belle Gold Mines, Limited; manager, Vere
McDowall; mine foreman, John Tonkin; mill superintendent, Neil Munro. The property is
situated on Sheep Creek, on a steep mountain-side offering excellent conditions for both
development by crosscut adits and natural ventilation. The Hardinge-Hadsell mill and the
flotation treatment have been discarded in favour of a cyanide plant which has been in
successful operation since November 7th, treating about 65 tons daily. A considerable amount
of development-work was done on No. 3 level during the year.
The old camp at No. 2 level has been abandoned and good living accommodation has been
provided on the roadside near the mill, The number of men employed increased gradually
from fifty-nine (thirty-six underground) at the beginning of the year to seventy-five (fifty
underground) at the last inspection.
The development-work done during the year amounted to a total of 2,346 feet; this
consisting of 1,953 feet of drifting, 105 feet of crosscutting, and 288 feet of raising. The
tonnage milled was 15,508, from which 530 tons of concentrates were obtained; these yielding
6,977 oz. gold, 2,849 oz. silver, 21,898 lb. lead, and 36,718 lb. zinc.
Reno.—Operated by the Reno Gold Mines, Limited; manager, W. S. Ellis; mine foreman,
A. K. Olsen; mill superintendent, Albert Norcross. Situated at the head of Fawn Creek, 15%
miles by road from Salmo, at an altitude of 6,200 feet. Exploratory and development work
were carried on actively during the year, with a considerable enlargement of the tonnage
immediately available as a result. A crosscut was started from No. 5 level towards the
Donnybrook vein and the shaft was sunk to No. 11 level, this giving it a total depth of 750
feet. The power plant at the mine consists of a 19% and 12 by 10 Canadian Ingersoll-Rand
compressor driven by a 175-horse-power C.G.E. synchronous motor (voltage 550) and a
Sullivan 22 and 18 by 14 compressor driven by a C.G.E. 300-horse-power synchronous motor
(voltage 2,200). Electric power is obtained from the West Kootenay Power and Light
Company, but, besides, the hydro-electric plant on Sheep Creek, 4% miles from the mill and 7
miles from the mine, is still operated. This installation, fully equipped for semi-remote control,
is able to develop 665 k.v.a. at 6,600 volts.
The vein is narrow and the walls strong, conditions favourable to the application of the
shrinkage method of stoping in use. In winter violent snow-storms often prevent access to
the mine otherwise than by means of the aerial tramway.
The average number of men on the pay-roll during the year (eight salaried officials
excluded) was 132, the average number at work daily being 126 (seventy-seven underground,
twenty-six on the surface, and twenty-three at the mill). The development-work done consisted
of 2,124 feet of drifting, 933 feet of crosscutting, 273 feet of raising, and 6,445 feet of diamond-
drilling.
The total tonnage mined and milled was 42,705, yielding 28,082 oz. gold, 16,435 oz. silver,
42,372 lb. lead, and 39,646 lb. zinc.
Bonanza.—On Wolf Creek. Owned by E. K. Donaldson and J. E. Read. Three men were
employed on contract for fourteen days on this property and did 25 feet of drifting, this being
assessment-work.
Gold Bank.—Situated about 1% miles from Park Siding on the Great Northern Railway.
Work was carried on intermittently on this property during the first six months of the year by
the Gold Bank Mining Syndicate under the direction of Wm. Conn. The average number of
men employed was four. The development-work done consisted of 40 feet of drifting, 80 feet
of crosscutting, and 30 feet of raising.
Erie Creek.
Mother Lode-Nugget.—Owned and operated by the Reno Gold Mines, Limited; manager,
W. S. Ellis. Some exploratory work was carried on for somewhat more than half the year on
this property, an average of nine men being employed (seven underground.) The work done
consisted of 716 feet of drifting, 98 feet of crosscutting, and 494 feet of diamond-drilling.
Keystone.—Owned by the Dufferin Gold Mines, Limited. R. Sande, of Erie, and associates
shipped 72 tons of ore from this property; this yielding 51 oz. gold, 150 oz. silver, 2,373 lb.
lead, and 2,754 lb zinc.
Arlington.—Owned by the Relief-Arlington Mines, Limited; R. O. Oscarson, lessee;
manager, Albert Johnson. A crew of seven was employed throughout the year, all drilling
being done by hand.    The vein is small, carries rather high values in gold at some points, E 48 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
and is very moderately inclined. The walls vary in nature but are none too strong. The
property has been operated by lessees for a number of years. The tonnage mined amounted
to 546, yielding 622 oz. gold, 1,862 oz. silver, 36,534 lb. lead, and 24,928 lb. zinc.
Second Relief.—Owned and operated by the Relief-Arlington Mines, Limited; manager,
S. M. Manning; mine superintendent, Walter Tattrie; mill superintendent, Gustav Kvist.
The mine is situated 13 miles by road from Erie, and transportation presents a serious problem
during the winter months, as the road is frequently blocked by snow-slides at several points.
Entirely new living-quarters were erected during the year. The cyanide plant has been in
operation for rather more than a year, with satisfactory results. Underground, production
is becoming gradually concentrated in the lower levels below No. 5 and deepening of the shaft
will henceforth become an annual undertaking. This can be done successfully only during
three of the winter months, the inflow of water being then reduced to its minimum. During
the year the number of men employed varied between seventy-three and ninety-nine (from
thirty-five to fifty-three underground).
The development-work done consisted of 1,740 feet of drifting, 375 feet of crosscutting,
127 feet of sinking, 315 feet of raising, and 1,132 feet of diamond-drilling. Exploratory work
done during the summer on a vein discovered on the north side of the gulch gave encouraging
results. The tonnage mined was 34,776, of which 25,462 tons were milled; this yielding
10,097 oz. gold and 3,177 oz silver.
Rossland Area.
Velvet.—On Sophie Mountain, about 12 miles west of Rossland. Operated by the Velvet
Gold Mining Company, Incorporated; manager, Andrew J. Arland. The mine was operated
irregularly during the greater part of the year and underground work was undertaken on a
systematic scale only in the month of November. An improvement of capital importance was
the abandonment of the old wood-burning boilers, for which electric power obtained from the
West Kootenay Power and Light Company was substituted. The mill building is a remodelled
old structure. A new bunk-house was erected during the summer. The average number of
men employed was forty-two, with a maximum of sixteen underground.
I.X.L.—On Mount Roberts, west of Rossland. Operated by the I.X.L. Lessors, Limited
(c/o B. G. Lees, Rossland) ; manager, Ole Osing. The number of men employed varied
between eight and nine (four to six underground). The output amounted to 361 tons, yielding
804 oz. gold and 297 oz silver.
O.K.—On Mount Roberts. Operated by the O.K. Leasing Company (c/o A. Williams,
Rossland) ; manager, John Hendrickson. Three men were employed. The development-work
done consisted of 150 feet of drifting and 27 feet of raising. The tonnage mined was 64; this
yielding 17 oz. gold and 56 oz. silver.
Midnight.—On Mount Roberts. Operated by the Midnight Syndicate (Rossland). Two
men worked on the property and shipped 70 tons, of ore, yielding 22 oz. gold and 54 oz. silver.
Gold Drip.—On Mount Roberts. James Benson, of Rossland, lessee. Two men worked
on the property during the year. The workings are in rather weak ground and careful timbering and filling are necessary. The tonnage mined amounted to 41; this yielding 27 oz. gold and
62 oz. silver.
Jumbo.—On the East Fork of Sheep Creek, about 2% miles west of Rossland. M.
Slubowski and associates shipped 81 tons of ore from this property; this yielding 24 oz. gold
and 20 oz. silver.
Silverine.—On Monte Cristo. The owners, A. O. Fried and M. Penny, of Rossland,
shipped 33 tons of ore from this property; this yielding 17 oz. gold and 26 oz. silver.
Cliff.—On Red Mountain. Owned by L. A. Campbell, of Trail. H. Hanson and F. Birch
held a lease on the property for some time and shipped 29 tons of ore, which yielded 16 oz.
gold and 65 oz. silver.
Evening Star.—On Monte Cristo. This property was operated desultorily during the year
by several groups of lessees, the production coming chiefly from surface cuts and shallow workings. A total of 287 tons of ore was shipped to the Trail smelter; this yielding 182 oz. gold
and 156 oz. silver.
Iron Colt.—J. and A. Perry and C. Adams, of Rossland, shipped 13 tons of ore from this
property;  this yielding 4 oz. gold and 13 oz. silver. EASTERN  DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 49
Georgia Group.—Late in the year the Gold Cup Mining Company, Limited (manager,
R. W. Haggen, Rossland), began operations on this property. Four men were employed and
the development-work done amounted to 35 feet of sinking.
Surface and underground operations were conducted by lessees at the Iron Mask, Centre
Star, War Eagle, Josie No. 1, Josie No. 2, Le Roi, Black Bear, Annie, and Columbia-Kootenay,
all situated on Red Mountain except the last mentioned. Ninety-five men were employed on
thirty-five separate leases, and the total tonnage shipped to the Trail smelter amounted to
9,335; this yielding 8,528 oz. gold and 9,344 oz. silver.
Beside those already enumerated, operations were conducted by lessees, on a small scale
and for a comparatively short period of time in each case, on the following properties:
Monday, May Flower, Blue Bird, Mighty Midas (from which M. M. Butorac shipped 3 tons),
Hattie (from which 5 tons were shipped), Ural (from which C. J. Butorac shipped 4 tons,
yielding 5 oz. gold and 9 oz. silver (all situated in the vicinity of Rossland), and Norway,
south of Trail.
Silverton-New Denver Area.
L.H.—Situated on Red Mountain, at the head of Fingland Creek, the camp being at an
altitude of 5,250 feet. Eleven men were employed on the property for some time in the
course of the summer by the Pacific Mines Petroleum and Development Company, Limited,
under the direction of H. E. Rose.
Lardeau Area.
Meridian.—On Lexington Mountain, near Camborne. Owned and operated by the Meridian
Mining Company, Limited, with W. R. Blochberger in charge of operations. The mine was
abandoned at the end of the summer. The milling machinery has since been sold for reinstallation in another district. The total number of men employed varied between fifty-eight
(thirty-one underground) and forty-six (with twenty-eight underground). The development-
work done consisted of 1,622 feet of drifting, 880 feet of raising, and 93 feet of sinking.
The tonnage mined and milled was 27,273, yielding 2,749 oz. gold and 1,416 oz. silver.
Multiplex.—Situated on the south side of Poole Creek, about 1% miles from Camborne.
Late in the year, operations were started on this property by W. S. Harris, of Nelson. A crew
of six was employed.
Silver Cup.—Situated about 8 miles from Ferguson and owned by the Ferguson Mines,
Limited. E. R. K. Waite and E. Kingston employed a crew of twenty-three (subsequently
reduced to fifteen) on construction-work from November 1st until the end of the year. New
living-quarters were provided, these taking the form of a 74-by-22-foot frame building. In
the early years of this century a 20-stamp mill was operated on the property, the values being
recovered by concentration on Dodd buddies, chloridizing, and amalgamation. Apparently
this method was not entirely successful.
SILVER-GOLD DEPOSITS.
Slocan Area.
Chapleau.—Situated on the south side of the divide between Lemon and Springer Creeks.
A. G. Ewing and associates, lessees, shipped 22 tons of ore, with metal contents of 28 oz. gold
and 889 oz. silver, from this property.
Gold Viking.—Situated on the north side of Springer Creek. A shipment of 3 tons of ore
was made by G. Henderson from this property. The metal contents were 5 oz. gold and
41 oz. silver.
Meteor.—Wm. Hicks and two associates, lessees, worked on this property for about four
months during the summer. The development-work done amounted to 30 feet of drifting and
20 feet of raising.    A shipment of 2 tons yielded 2 oz. gold and 388 oz. silver.
McAllister.—This property, situated on the western slope of London Ridge, was operated
under lease by the New Denver Mining Syndicate, with George Allen as manager, from the
month of June until the end of the year, a total of eleven men being employed. Difficulty
experienced in keeping the road open from Three Forks to the lower tramway terminal led to
the reduction of this number to three after the first heavy fall of snow. Present operations
are limited to the recovery of moderately-rich ore, left in parts of the mine in which the walls
were too weak to permit extraction by the shrinkage method of stoping formerly in use.    The
4 E 50 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
work has to be carried on slowly and carefully, with hand-steel, a very small consumption of
explosives, regular timbering, and close filling. There is no mine-timber fit to be considered
as such on the property. The tonnage mined and shipped amounted to 1,078; this yielding
12 oz. gold and 58,251 oz. silver.
Little Daisy.—This property, situated on 8-Mile Creek and owned by Mrs. McNaught, of
Silverton, was operated under lease by A. G. and A. E. Erickson for a little over eight months.
The development-work done during this period consisted of 20 feet of drifting, 56 feet of
raising, and 38 feet of sinking. The 23 tons of ore shipped yielded 41 oz. gold and 48 oz.
silver. Late in the year the Slocan Lake Gold Mining Company, Incorporated (headquarters,
503 West Sprague Avenue, Spokane, Washington), took an option on the property, but little
was done beyond an examination by a consulting engineer.
DRY SILVER-ORE DEPOSITS.
Slocan Area.
Ottawa.—Operated by the Ottawa Silver Mining and Milling Syndicate; manager, W.
R. Green, Nelson. The mine is situated on Springer Creek, about 6 miles by road from Slocan
City. It was worked rather extensively at one time, but was abandoned by the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada in 1917. Afterwards various groups of lessees
worked on the dumps, from which several shipments were made. A mill, built in 1921 by
L. H. Biggar, to treat the low-grade ore on these dumps was completely destroyed by fire in
the following year, and the property had been totally abandoned for a considerable time
when the present operating company acquired it in 1935.
The workings are in ground none too strong at many points and requiring careful timbering. The management had no plans of the old workings on hand at the time of the last
inspection, and the exact location of No. 6 level, driven from a winze and now flooded, was
not known with any degree of certainty. A crew of six was employed during the year; the
reopening of two levels was completed and a new adit was started. Some small stringers
of high-grade ore, discovered accidentally in the hanging-wall, were mined out by hand. A
vertical 9%-inch and 5V2- by 5%-inch air-compressor, supplied by the Chicago Pneumatic
Company and driven by a portable Hercules Motor Corporation 41/4- by 5% -inch gasoline-
engine, was installed. A flotation-mill was built about a mile away from Slocan City, but it
had not been brought into operation at the end of the year.
Morning Star.—Henry E. Scovil had a small crew engaged in exploratory work on this
property, situated on Springer Creek, from the month of July until the beginning of winter.
Nettie L.—The Security and Investment Corporation, Limited (I. Rosenthal, president,
814 Hall Building, Vancouver), employed five men for some time during the summer, mostly
in trail improvements and repair-work to buildings.
SILVER-LEAD-ZINC-DEPOSITS.
Cranbrook Area.
Sullivan.*—Owned and operated by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of
Canada, Limited; general superintendent, A. B. Ritchie; mine superintendent, W. Lindsay;
mill superintendent, H. R. Banks.
The waste-filling programme was resumed in the beginning of August and finished for
the season on November 15th. During this period 115,000 cubic yards of gravel was placed
in the mine by means of a 70-degree shaft 800 feet in length; operations on the surface were
carried on with two " Caterpillar Diesel " tractors, one of which operated with a " Carco "
bulldozer and the other with a " Le Tourneau Carryall." The thickness of the gravel at the
shaft-collar was approximately 40 feet, and the above machines transported the gravel to the
shaft from within a radius of 400 feet. About 10 per cent, of water was added to the gravel
at the top of the shaft, and this eliminated the dust as well as distributing the material to
all corners of the stope. An extensive programme of development and general improvement
has been carried out during the year at the 3,901-shaft district. This included the building
of ore and waste pockets at the 3,350 level, as this will be the main loading and hoisting station
for all ore extracted between this elevation and the 3,900 level.    The hoist-room at the top
* By John MacDonald. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 51
of the shaft has been enlarged to accommodate a 500 horse-power Vulcan hoist which was
shipped from Anyox and thoroughly overhauled in the shops at the mine under the supervision
of R. Gosse, master mechanic.
The 3,927 raise has been thoroughly repaired and equipped as a man and material shaft to
facilitate operations in the south districts of the fourth level. The hoist installed at this
shaft is a Fullerton, Hodgart & Barclay, with single drum keyed on the shaft and working
on second motion.
Developments during the year consisted of 3,085 feet of drifting, 1,474 feet of crosscutting,
4,415 feet of raising, 319 feet of sinking, and 9,007 feet of diamond-drilling;   1,910,619 tons
were mined and 1,901,476 milled, and this yielded 6,912,864 oz. silver, 184,316 tons lead, and
118,570 tons zinc.
Windermere Area.*
Excelda Mine.—Owned and operated by Thunderbird Mines, Limited; R. C. Moffitt,
president and general manager. Owing to the condition of the roads and trails leading to
the mine, operations were later than usual in resuming for the season, and these were further
curtailed due to the exceptionally dry season reducing the supply of water available for mine
use. A crew of twelve men was employed and some 260 feet of drifting done underground;
a new wash and change room was also built at the camp.
Vicinity of Field.*
Monarch and Kicking Horse Mines.—Owned and operated by Base Metals Mining Corporation, Limited; Thomas Oxley, mine superintendent. All operations during the year have
been principally confined to a programme of diamond-drilling, prospecting and development
work in both mines, the mill remaining closed since December, 1935.
Slocan-Ainsworth Camp.
Ainsworth Area.
Number One.—Owned by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada,
Limited.    A group of lessees headed by R. G. Dickinson worked for some time on the property.
Banker.—Operated by the Banker Mines, Limited, and later by the Ainsworth Mines,
Limited, with L. McLellan as manager. A small hoist and a compressor, electrically driven,
were installed in October. A crew of five or six was employed during the greater part of the
year. The tonnage mined and shipped was 503i; this yielding 12,750 oz. silver and 56'2,105' lb.
lead.
Krao.—This property was operated during the second half of the year by a group of
lessees headed by H. Lind, of Kaslo. A shipment of 17 tons yielded 663 oz. silver and 15,570
lb. lead.
Horse Shoe.—H. Lind, of Kaslo, shipped 2 tons, yielding 100 oz. silver and 1,665 lb. lead,
from this property.
Highland Surprise.—Also known as the Phoenix group.    Situated near Retallack, between
the gulches of Lyle and Whitewater Creeks, and operated by the Old Colony Trading Company.
Operations were started in the latter part of the year;   a trail was built and a log cabin,
18 by 40 feet, was erected as living-quarters for the small crew, which it is intended to keep
at work all winter. „ _
Vicinity of Slocan City.
Lakeview.—Situated on Springer Creek, about \xk miles from Slocan City. E. H. Kinder,
P. Johnson, and H. Kinder began operations on this property early in the summer. Operation,
were limited to development and necessary construction-work.    A crew of seven was employed.
Slocan-Silverton Area.
Mammoth.—Situated on Avison Creek, about 4 miles by road from Silverton, and operated
by the Western Exploration Company, Limited, with A. M. Ham as manager. This property,
the most important in the Slocan District during the previous year, was closed down in March
owing to the danger presented by impending snow-slides, those having already taken place
having rendered the road to the mine practically impassable at the time. The mine remained
idle during the balance of the year, but an early resumption of operations is contemplated.
* John MacDonald. E 52 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
The workings are in difficult ground. Weak walls, with a large body of irregular structure
and containing occasionally a considerable percentage of waste, are factors combining to render
the utmost skill and care necessary in the planning and conduct of mining operations.
A crew of about ninety (fifty underground) was employed in normal circumstances.
When the mine was closed down this number had been temporarily reduced to sixty-four.
The development-work done totalled 300 feet; this comprising 50 feet of drifting and 250 feet
of raising. The tonnage mined was 9,080 and 9,485 tons were milled, yielding 95,087 oz.
silver, 615,600 lb. lead, and 776,561 lb. zinc.
Standard.—Owned by the Western Exploration Company, Limited. Lessees working on
this property during the greater part of the year shipped 48 tons of ore, yielding 1 oz. gold,
1,651 oz. silver, 14,606 lb. lead, and 17,493 lb. zinc.
Bosun.—Situated on Slocan Lake, between New Denver and Silverton. Owned by C. J.
Campbell and operated by Jos. Beber and Jos. Zamboni, holding separate leases, with a total
of five men. On November 8th a crew of five, sent to the property by the newly-organized
Bosun Mining Company (with headquarters at Vancouver), began the work of unwatering the
winze, which continued until the end of December, when the compressed-air pipe-line was
taken up and the place was abandoned again. During the year the lessees shipped 177 tons
of ore with metal contents of 3 oz. gold, 12,740 oz. silver, 57,197 lb lead, and 92,690 lb. zinc.
Hewitt.—Owned by the Galena Farm Consolidated Mines, Limited, and situated 6 miles by
road from Silverton. Three groups of lessees, with a total of ten men and headed by Ed.
Mathews, R. E. Burke, and E. Erickson, respectively, worked on the property during the
second half of the year, undertaking a considerable amount of repair-work in order to reach
the point at which they intended to start operations. The mine had been abandoned since
the beginning of 1930 and many parts of it are in very poor condition, the timber having
suffered from the inroads of dry-rot to an extraordinary extent. The development-work done
was limited to 16 feet of sinking. Sixty-seven tons of ore mined and shipped yieldad 7,670 oz.
silver and 18,193 lb. lead.
Galena Farm.—Situated on Hasty Creek, south of Silverton, and operated by a group of
eight lessees, headed by Warren Nelson, who started work at the mine at the beginning of
July. Here, also, a large amount of repair-work had to be undertaken before active mining
operations could begin. It has been found inadvisable, up to the present time, to attempt to
operate the mill, owing to the poor condition of the flume. The tonnage mined and shipped
was 202; this yielding 13,778 oz. silver and 121,368 lb. lead.
Cliff.—J. H. Dalzell, of Silverton, shipped 5 tons of ore from this property, the metal
contents being 273 oz. silver, 1,314 lb. lead, and 1,794 lb. zinc.
Molly Hughes.—Situated on Slocan Lake, north of New Denver. The Molly Hughes
Mining Company kept a crew of three at work on this property during the greater part of
the year under the direction of O. C. Born. Four tons of ore shipped to the Trail smelter
yielded 1 oz. gold, 455 oz. silver, 239 lb. lead, and 214 lb. zinc.
Mountain Chief.—This property, situated about 2 miles from New Denver and owned by
H. Giegerich, of Kaslo, was operated throughout the year by John Cechelero and associates.
The tonnage mined amounted to 40, but this was not shipped.
Jo-Jo.—Situated on Kane Creek. The trail from the lower terminal of the aerial tramway
at the McAllister to this property was rebuilt, widened, and relocated in part, a bulldozer being
brought in for this purpose, the living-quarters were repaired, and some development-work was
done, in the course of the late summer, by the owner, John Teir, of New Denver.
Slocan Monitor.—Owned by the Slocan Monitor Silver Mines, Limited, and situatad
at Three Forks. C. I. Vandergrift and associates began work on the property in December,
the total working force consisting of three men. The development-work done consisted of
30 feet of drifting. Seven tons of ore shipped yielded 1 oz. gold, 363 oz. silver, and 6,474 lb.
lead.
Three Forks-Sandon Area.
Victor.—Near Three Forks, owned by Mrs. Dacy Petty, of Nelson, and operated on lease
by Ernest Doney & Son. During the year, 310 feet of drifting and 25 feet of raising were
done. Twenty-nine tons of ore shipped yielded 2 oz. gold, 4,809 oz. silver, 34,988 lb. lead, and
4,111 lb. zinc. EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 53
Queen Bess.—Owned by the Queen Bess Consolidated Mines, Limited. Lessees working on
this property shipped 29 tons of ore with total metal contents of 1 oz. gold, 2,154 oz. silver, and
33,943 lb. lead.
Black Colt.—Owned by the Queen Bess Consolidated Mines, Limited; manager, Clarence
Cunningham. E. J. Vandergrift and associates operated the property on lease until December.
The development-work done consisted of 200 feet of drifting, 250 feet of crosscutting, and 100
feet of raising. The ground is soft and no explosives were used. The tonnage mined and
shipped amounted to 125; this yielding 2 oz. gold, 5,622 oz. silver, 5,783 lb. lead, and 52,476
lb, zinc.
Palmita.—Owned and operated by the Queen Bess Consolidated Mines, Limited, with
Clarence Cunningham as manager. A crew of nine was employed. The ground is soft and
explosives are used very sparingly. The tonnage mined and shipped was 243; with total
metal contents of 16,255 oz. silver and 250,298 lb. lead.
Sunrise.—On Silver Ridge. Owned and operated by the Silver Ridge Mining Company,
with R. A. Grimes as manager. A great deal of work had to be done before the underground
operations could be started; this including road improvements and new road-construction,
the erection of comfortable living-quarters for a small crew, building a stable and a blacksmith
shop, and securing an adequate water-supply for the camp, the latter being a rather difficult
undertaking owing to the nature of the mountain-side at that point. A crew of eleven was
employed.
Other properties operated in the Sandon District during the year were: Elkhorn, from
which A. Forsyth and partner shipped 5 tons, yielding 189 oz. silver, 4,934 lb. lead, and 502
lb. zinc; Hinckley; Cinderella, from which shipments totalling 13 tons were made by two
separate lessees, the total metal contents being 822 oz. silver and 14,614 lb. lead; Silversmith,
from which 0. Stewart and three associates shipped 28 tons, yielding 1 oz. gold, 2,691 oz. silver,
32,689 lb. lead, and 2,326 lb. zinc; Wonderful, from which W. D. Pengelly shipped 4 tons with
metal contents of 279 oz. silver, 4,553 lb. lead, and 518 lb. zinc; Sovereign, operated by W. G.
Balbernie and partner, who shipped 4 tons of ore, yielding 163 oz. silver, 2,879 lb. lead, and
649 lb. zinc; Noble Five, from which 9 tons of ore, yielding 836 oz. silver, 10,348 lb. lead, and
1,530 lb. zinc, were shipped; and Number One, from which the owner, J. M. Harris, shipped 87
tons with total metal contents of 2 oz. gold, 6,552 oz. silver, 97,803 lb. lead, and 9,936 lb. zinc.
In addition, J. H. Pendry and partner shipped 2 tons of ore from the Rio; this yielding
907 oz. silver, 799 lb. lead, and 256 lb. zinc.
Vicinity of Albert Canyon, Revelstoke Mining Division.
Allco Silver.—Situated at the head of Woolsey Creek, about 14 miles from the station at
Albert Canyon, on the Canadian Pacific Railway, and operated by the Allco Silver Mines,
Limited. Transportation is by pack-horse for the first four or five miles from the mine, and
then by motor-truck to Silver Creek Siding. The nature of the deposit has been thoroughly
described in the Annual Report for 1935. All mining is done by hand. A crew of eight was
employed, with M. C. Arnold and subsequently Roy D. Watson as manager. The development-
work done consisted of 270 feet of drifting and 57 feet of crosscutting. Ninety-nine tons
shipped gave 6 oz. gold, 6,742 oz. silver, and 86,519 lb. lead.
Carnes Creek, Revelstoke Mining Division.
Mastodon Group.—A small crew was employed for some time in exploratory work on
this property by the Fawn Mining Company, Limited.
PLACER DEPOSITS.
Lardeau Area.
De Mers Placers.—The De Mers Mining and Milling Company, Limited (manager, Milton
A. De Mers), employed three men for some time on placer claims in the neighbourhood of
Ferguson.    It is understood that the same company is also interested in the True Fissure: E 54 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
NON-METALLICS.
Southern Kootenay Lake.
Kootenay Lake Lime Quarry.—Situated on Kootenay Lake, about 1% miles east of
Procter, and operated by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company of Canada, Limited.
A crew of seven men was employed throughout the year in development-work, which comprised
470 feet of drifting, 248 feet of crosscutting, and 63 feet of raising. The tonnage shipped
was 2,300. INDEX.
E 55
INDEX.
Adams, C. (Trail Creek) E 48
Adams, Capt. R. D E 44
Agnes (Golden)  E 41
Ainsworth area E 51
Ainsworth Mines, Ltd E 51
Albert Canyon E 53
Albion Fraction (Grand Forks) E 22
Albion No. 2 (Grand Forks)....' E 21, 22
Alice L. (Grand Forks) E 21
Allco Silver Mines, Ltd E 53
Allen, George E 49
Alpha (Golden)  E 25
Alpine (Nelson)  E 43
Alpine Syndicate E 43
Amazon (Grand Forks)  E 22
Annie (Trail Creek)  E 49
Arland, Andrew J E 48
Arlington (Nelson)  E 47
Arnold, H. A E 23
Arnold, M. C E 53
Arrastra, Spokane E 43
Atkinson, N. H E 43
Avison Creek E 51
Balbernie, W. G.
..E53
Balsam Tamarac Gold Mines, Ltd E 45
Banker (Ainsworth) .E 51
Banker Mines, Ltd. E 51
Banks, H. R E 50
Barite (Golden)  E 32
Base Metals Mining Corporation, Ltd E 51
Basic, R E 44
Bayonne (Nelson)  E 43
Bayonne Consolidated Mines, Ltd E 43
B.C. (Grand Forks')  E 22
Beber, Joseph E 52
Bella Watson Fraction E 7
Benson, James E 48
Berg, E.  (Nelson)   E 16
Berlin (Grand Forks)  E 21
Belt (Nelson)  E 7, 9
Biggar, L. H.  E 50
Big Sheep Creek E 21, 24
Billings Creek (Nelson).    See Coon Creek.
Birch, F E 48
Black Bear (Trail Creek) E 49
Blackcock (Nelson)  E 45
Blackcock Mining Co. E 45
Black Colt (Slocan)  E 53
Black Horse (Golden)  E 41
Blochberger, W. R  ..... E 49
Bluebird (Nelson).   See Gold Belt Mining
Co.
Bluebird (Trail Creek)  E 49
Bobbie Burns Creek E 25
Bonanza, Iron Creek (Grand Forks)...E 21, 23
Wolf Creek (Nelson)  E 47
Bonanza Creek (Grand Forks) E 21
(Trail Creek).   See Griswold Creek.
Born, 0. C E 52
Bosun (Slocan)  E 52
Bosun Mining Co. E 52
Boulangerite, occurrence of E 38
Boulder City (Nelson), Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. at E 3
Boulder Mill Creek    E 3
Bruce Fraction (Nelson)  E 9
Buckle, Frank
Bugaboo Creek
Page.
...E 46
-E 31
Bunker Hill (Nelson)  E 18
Burke, R. E E 52
Butorac, C. J. and M. M E 49
California (Grand Forks)  E 23
(Nelson)  E 44
Campbell, C. J. (Slocan)  E 52
Campbell, L. A. (Trail Creek) E 48
Canadian Belle (Nelson)  E 44
Carbonate Mountain E 37
Carnes Creek E 53
-E 21, 23
.E24
Cascade  (Grand Forks)
Castleton
Catherine (Nelson)  .-. E 44
Catherine-Juno Syndicate E 44
Cathie Fraction (Nelson)  E7
Cechelero, John E 52
Centre Star (Trail Creek) E 49
Chapleau (Slocan City)  E 49
Charlotte (Golden)  E 37
Chestnut, Charles E E 45
Cinderella (Slocan)  E 53
Clegg, Robert J E 23
Cleopatra (Golden)  E 37
Cliff (Slocan)  E 52
(Trail Creek)  E 48
Clubine, L. R E 5
Clubine-Comstock Gold Mines, Ltd  E 3
Clyde (Nelson)  E 7, 9
Columbia (Nelson)  E9
Columbia-Kootenay (Trail Creek) E 49
Concentrator, Goodenough (Nelson)  E 45
Ymir Centre Star E 46
Conn, William E 44
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of
Canada, Ltd., lime at Procter E 54
Number One (Ainsworth)  E 51
Boulder City  E 3
Reference E 50
Coon Creek (Nelson)  E 14
Copper Creek (Golden)  E 42
Corbin, Big Sheep Creek E 24
Coryell Creek E 21
Cowell, Major J. B E 45
Cranbrook area E 50
Creston E 42
Creston Hill (Nelson)  E 42
Creston Hill Mining Syndicate E 42
Crown Point (Golden)  E 25, 26, 33
Cullinane, James A. E 45
Cummings, J. M E 38
Cunningham, Clarence E 52
Curtin, C. J E 43
Curtis, Smith _■_ E 23
Curtis Creek  (not East Fork of Sheep
Creek)  E 48
Curwen, A. S E 46
E52
-E46
Dalzell, J. H	
Davis, Major A. W.	
De Mers, Milton A E 53
De Mers Mining and Milling Co., Ltd E 53
Dentonia Mines, Ltd E 46
See also Howard.
Diamond E (Golden)  . E 37 E 56
INDEX.
Page.
Dickinson, R. G E 51
Dixie (Nelson)  E 14
Doelle, H. E E 46
Dominion (Nelson)  E 7
See also Gold Belt Mining Co.
Donaldson, E. K E 47
Doney, Ernest E 52
Double Joint (Nelson)  E 7, 9
Dubrovnik (Grand Forks) E 22, 23
Dufferin Gold Mines, Ltd E 47
Duluth (Nelson)  E 22
Durango Gold Mines E 46
See also Hoivard.
Eagle Creek (Nelson)  E 43
Eastern Mineral Survey District, report
by Resident Mining Engineer E 3
Edwards, G. W E 33, 41
8-Mile Creek (Slocan)  E 50
Elkhorn (Slocan)  E 53
Ellis, W. S : E 47
Elmes, George , E 24
Emerald (Nelson)  . E 46
Enterprise, Big Sheep Creek E 24
(Grand Forks)   E 21
Erickson, A. G. and A. E.  E 50
Erickson, E E 52
Erie Creek E 47
Euphrates (Nelson)  E 44
Euphrates Mining Co., Inc. E 44
Eureka, Big Sheep Creek E 24
Evening Mountain E 44
Evening Star (Trail Creek)  E 48
Ewing, A. G E 49
Excelda (Windermere)  E 51
Fawn Creek (Nelson)  E 7, 47
Fawn Mining Co., Ltd E 53
Ferguson, James D.   . E 45
Ferguson Mines, Ltd.  E 49
See also Silver Cup (Lardeau).
Field E51
Fingland Creek E 49
Fletcher, G. W E 24
Flying Dutchman (Golden) E 25, 28
Forsyth,  A.   E 53
Fried, O. A E 48
Frost, A. E E 43
Galena Farm (Slocan)  E 52
Galena Farm Consolidated Mines, Ltd. _ E 52
Galena Syndicate (Golden)  E 25, 37
Gallo, Joseph E 14
Georgia (Trail Creek)  E 49
Giegerich, H. E 52
Gold, lode, in No. 5 District E 3
Placer, Lardeau E 53
Gold Bank (Nelson)  E 47
Gold Belt Mining Co., Ltd  E 7
Gold Cup (Nelson)     .. E 45
Gold Cup Mining Co E 45, 49
Gold Drip (Trail Creek)   E 48
Gold Viking (Slocan City)   E 49
Golden Belle (Nelson)   E 9
Golden Fawn Mining Co., Ltd. E 42
Golden West (Nelson)     E 7, 9
Gormlev, Geo., Sr. and Jr. .     .... E 44
Gosse, R.       E 51
Granite-Poorman (Nelson)  E 43
Grimes, R. A.   E 53
Griswold Creek (Trail Creek)   ..   ... E 24
Page.
yen, R. W. (Rossland)  E 49
Ham, A. M E 51
Hammell, J., Toronto  E 44
Hanson, H. (Trail Creek)  E 48
Harriet (Nelson)  E 46
Harris, J. M E 53
Harris, W. S. (Lardeau)  E 49
Hasty Creek (Slocan)  E 52
Hattie (Trail Creek)  E 49
Heddle, R E 44
Heidler, S. (Nelson)  E 16
Henderson, G. (Slocan City)  E 49
Hendrickson, John E 48
Hennessey Mountain _._E 43
Herman, Michael 1...E 44
Hewitt (Slocan)  E 52
Hicks, Wm E 49
Highland Surprise (Ainsworth)   E 51
See also Phoenix.
Hinckley (Slocan)  E 53
Hodgkinson, Charles E 24
Holms, Agnes E 24
Hope (later Lone Silver)  (Nelson)  E 16
Horse Shoe (Ainsworth)     ..E 51
Howard (Nelson)  . £ 46
Huckleberry  E 24
Inland Empire (Grand Forks)  E 21
International Basin (Golden)  E 25
Iron Colt (Trail Creek)  E 48
Iron Creek (Grand Forks)  E 21
Iron Mask (Trail Creek)  E 49
I.X.L., Rossland  E 48
I.X.L. Lessors, Ltd.  E 48
Jarvis, William E 44
Jessie (Nelson)  E 44
Johnson, Albert (Nelson)  E 47
Johnson, Louis  E 46
Johnson, P. (Slocan City)   E 51
Joint   (Nelson)    . E 7, 9
Jo-Jo (Slocan)  E 52
Jones, Silas E.  E 42
Josie No. 1 (Trail Creek)  E 49
Josie No. 2 (Trail Creek)  E 49
Jubilee Mountain (Nelson)  E 46
Jumbo (Trail Creek)  E 48
Juno (Nelson)  E 44
See also Catherine.
Key Creek (Nelson)   E 3
Keystone (Nelson)  E 47
Keystone Mountain     E 3
Kicking Horse (Golden)     ...    _      E 51
Kinder, E. H. (Slocan City)  E 51
Kinder, H. (Slocan City)  E 51
King Peter. Big Sheep Creek E 24
Kingston, E. E 49
Kloman, John E 22
Koofenay Belle Gold Mines, Ltd.  E 47
Kootenay Belle (Nelson)  E 47
Kootenay Lake, lime  E 43, 54
Kootenay Ore Hill Gold Mines, Ltd.  E 14
Krao (Ainsworth)  E 51
Kvist, Gustav E 48
Laib, Karl K. E 43
Lakes,_ Harry (Nelson)  E 46
Lakeview (east side of Kootenay Lake)
(Nelson)  E 43
(Slocan City)  E 51 INDEX.
E  57
Page.
Lardeau area  E 49
Last Dollar Fraction (Nelson)  E 14
Leach Fraction (Nelson)  E7
Lees, B. G E 48
Lemon Creek E 49
LeRoi (Trail Creek)  E 49
Lexington Mountain E 49
L.H. (Trail Creek)  E 49
Lily D.  (Nelson)    E 7, 9
Lime, Kootenay Lake E 54
Limpid Creek (Nelson)  E 18
Lincoln, Paul E 44
Lind, H E 51
Lindsay, W E 50
Little Daisy (Slocan)  E 50
Livingstone Mining Co.  E 43
See also Granite (Nelson).
London Ridge E 49
Lone Silver (formerly Hope)  (Nelson)—E 16
Lucky Peter, Big Sheep Creek E 24
Lyle Creek E 51
Mammoth (Slocan)
Manning, S. M.
Mastodon (Revelstoke)
Mathews, E.
 E 51
 E 48
 E 53
 E 52
May Flower (Trail Creek)  E 49
Melvin, B. H. (Nelson)  E 45
Meridian (Lardeau)  E 49
Meridian Mining Co., Ltd.  E 49
Meteor (Slocan City)  E 49
Miard, H. E E 42
Michaely, N E 28
Michaely Silver Lead Mines, Ltd.  E 28
Midge Creek E 43
Midnight (Trail Creek)  E 48
Midnight Syndicate (Trail Creek)  E 48
Mighty Midas (Trail Creek)  E 49
Minnie (Golden)  E 37
Moffit, R. C.  E 51
Molly Hughes (Slocan)  E 52
Molly Hughes Mining Co., Ltd E 52
Monarch (Golden)  E 51
Monday (Trail Creek)  E 49
Monitor (Golden)  E 37
Monte Cristo Mountain  E 48
Mormon Girl (Nelson)  IE 18
Morning Mountain E 44
Morning Star (Slocan City)  E 50
Mother Lode (Nelson)  E 47
Mountain Chief (Slocan)  E 52
Multiplex (Lardeau)  E 49
Munro, Neil E 47
McAllister (Slocan)  E 49
Macdonald, John, report as Inspector..... E 50
McDowall, Vere E 47
McLellan, L E 51
McNaught, Mrs E 50
McMurdo Creek E 25
McQuade, E. W E 43
McRae Creek E 21
Nelson, Warren E 52
Nelson Mining Division, gold, lode E 3
Nettie L. (Lardeau)  E 50
New Denver Mining Syndicate E 49
Noble Five (Slocan)  E 53
Noble Five Mines, Ltd E 44
Norcross, Albert E 47
North American Mines, Inc. E 9
Page.
Northwind (Grand Forks)  E 42
Norway (Trail Creek)  i E 49
Norway Star, Big Sheep Creek E 24
Nugget (Golden)  E 26
(Nelson)  E 47
Nugget Creek  (Nelson).    See Fawn
Creek.
Number One  (Ainsworth), Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Co. at E 51
(Slocan)  E 53
Number Three (Nelson)  E 14
..E48
O.K. (Trail Creek) 	
O.K. Leasing Co E 48
Old Colony Trading Co. E 51
Olsen, A. K.  E 47
Ore Hill (Nelson)  E 14
Oscarson, R. O.  E 47
Osing, Ole E 48
Ottawa (Slocan City), Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. at E 50
Our Hope (Grand Forks)  E 23
Oxley, Thomas E 51
Pacific  Mines  Petroleum  and  Development Co., Ltd.  E 49
Palmita (Slocan)  E 52
Park Siding (Nelson)   E 47
Paulson area E 21
Pend d'Oreille River E 18, 28
Pendry, J. H.  E 53
Pengelly, W. D.  E 53
Penny, M E 48
Perrier (Nelson)  E 44
Perrier Gold Mines, Ltd. E 44
Perry, J. and A E 48
Petty, Mrs. Dacy E 52
Phoenix (Ainsworth)  E 51
See also Highland-Surprise.
Pool Creek (Lardeau)  E 49
Porto Rico (Nelson)  E 45
Procter, lime at E 54
. E 46
E53
Queen (Nelson) 	
Queen Bess (Slocan) 	
Queen Bess Consolidated Mines, Ltd E 53
R.C.M. Fraction (Golden)  E 37
Read, J. E. E 47
Read, L. A E 28
Red Mountain (Slocan)  E 49
(Trail Creek)  '. E 48
Red Rock (Nelson)  E 28
Relief-Arlington Mines, Ltd E 47
Reno (Nelson) E 47
Reno quartzite E 9
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd E 47
Reulle, E. (Nelson)  E 16
Rio (Slocan)  E 53
Ritchie, A. B E 50
Robert E.Burns (Golden)  E 32
Roberts, Mount E 48
Rose, H. E E 49
Rosenthal, I E 50
Rossland E 48
Rossland Camp, report on E 42
Royal Ann (Nelson)  E 14
Royal Kangaroo (Grand Forks)  E 23
Ruth (Golden)  E33,37
Ruth Fraction E 37
Ruth Vermont Mines, Ltd E 25, 41 E 58
INDEX.
Page.
Salmo area E 3
Salmo-Malartic Mines, Ltd E 42
Sande, R E 47
Sapples, John and Robert E 16
Sargent, H., report as Resident Mining
Engineer  E 3
Schewchuck, John  E 24
Scovil, Henry E E 50
Seamon, Harry W.  E 45
Second Relief (Nelson)  E 48
Security and Investment Corporation,
Ltd E50
Shamrock (Nelson)  E 7
Sharp, B. N E 43
Sheba (Golden) _ _E 37
Sheep Creek (Nelson)
See
 E 7, 47
Curtis
Sheep   Creek,   East   Fork,
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd.  E 46
Silver Basin (Golden)  E 42
Silver Basin Mining Syndicate E 32
Silver Creek Siding  E 53
Silver Cup (Lardeau)  E 49
See also Ferguson Mines, Ltd.
Silverine (Trail Creek)  E 48
Silver Ridge E 53
Silver Ridge Mining Co.  E 53
Silversmith (Slocan)  E 53
Sitkum Creek E 43
Slocan City E 51
Slocan Lake Gold Mining Co., Ltd E 50
Slocan Monitor E 52
Slocan Monitor Silver Mines, Ltd. E 52
Slubowski, M E 48
Smith, H. R. (Nelson)  E 43
Sophie Mountain E 48
Sovereign (Slocan)  E 53
Spillimacheen River E 25, 31
Spokane (Nelson)  E 43
Springer Creek :__.E 49
Stamp-mill, Granite (Nelson)  E 43
Inland Empire E 41
Kootenay Ore Hill Co E 15
Robert E. Burns (Golden)  E 32
Second Relief E 48
Standard (Nelson)  E 14
(Slocan)  E 52
Sterna, Bruno E 44
Stevens, Chas. M.  E 44
Stevens, Harry  (Nelson)   E 45
Stewart, C.  (Slocan)  E 53
Sullivan (Fort Steele)  E 50
Summit Creek, South Kootenay Lake E 43
Sunbeam Fraction (Nelson)  E 7
Sunrise (Slocan)     E 53
Syenite Bluff (Golden)  E 41
Tamarac (Nelson)  E 45
Page.
Tattrie, Walter E 48
Teir, John E 52
Terzian, Sarkis  E 44
Thompson, Howard E 44
Three Forks E 52
Thunderbird Mines, Ltd. E 51
True Fissure   (Lardeau)    E 53
Toad Mountain E 44
Tonkin, John E 47
Turner, W. J E 44
Tye Siding E 43
 E 49
-E 22, 23
Ural (Trail Creek) 	
U.S. (Grand Forks) 	
Vallanee, John E 45
Vandergrift, C. I. and E. J E 52, 53
Velvet (Trail Creek)  E 48
Velvet Gold Mining Co., Inc.  E 48
Venus (Nelson)  E 44
Vermont Creek (Golden)  E 25
Victor (Slocan)  E 52
Victoria (Nelson)  E 44
Vogel, Louis  . E 46
Vowell Creek (Golden)  E 25
Waite, E. R. K E 49
Waldie Mountain E 14
Wall Mountain E 43
Waneta Gold Mines, Ltd E 18
See also Bunker Hill.
War Eagle (Trail Creek)  E 49
Watson, Roy D E 53
Wesko Mines, Ltd E 46
Western Exploration Co.  E 51, 52
See also Mammoth.
Whitewater Creek E 51
Widdowson, E. W E 45
Wilcox Mining Syndicate  E 45
See also Ymir-Wilcox Mines, Ltd.
Williams, A.  (Trail Creek)   E 48
Windermere area E 51
Wisconsin (Nelson)  E 43
Witwatersrand Syndicate, Ltd. E 33
Wolf Creek (Nelson)  E 46, 47
Wonderful (Slocan)  E 53
Woolsey Creek E 53
Yankee Girl (Nelson)  E 45
Ymir (Nelson)  E 45
Ymir E 45
Ymir Centre Star (Nelson)  E 46
Ymir Consolidated Gold Mines E 45
Ymir-Wilcox (Nelson)  E 45
Ymir Wilcox Mines, Ltd. E 45
Ymir Yankee Girl Gold Mines  E 45
Zamboni, Joseph  E 52 ILLUSTRATIONS.
E 59
ILLUSTRATIONS.
Ciubine Comstock Mines, Ltd.—Plan of Workings
Crown Point—Plan of Workings	
Gold Belt Mining Co.—Plan of Workings	
Spillimaeheen-Bugaboo Area—Plan	
Waneta Gold Mines, Ltd.—Plan of Workings	
Page.
 E 4
.-..E 27
 E 8
...E 30
.._E 19
VICTORIA, B.C. :
L'rinted by 'Jhaki.es F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1937.
4,725-237-4740     

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