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PART A ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1937]

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 1
PART A
ANNUAL REPORT
OF   THE
MINISTEK OF MINES
•
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR  THE
.
Yeae Ended 31st December
1936
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE  ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1937.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY
VICTORIA. B.C. —I
BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. George S. Pearson      - Minister of Mines.
John F. Walker     -       -       Deputy Minister and Provincial Mineralogist.
D. E. Whittaker       - Provincial Assayer and Analyst.
James Dickson        ------       Chief Inspector of Mines.
P. B. Preeland   -------     Chief Mining Engineer.
R. J. Steenson        - Chief Gold Commissioner.
Mining Engineers.
J. T. Mandy, No. 1 District, Prince Rupert, Douglas Lay, No. 2 District, Hazelton.
M, S. Hedley, Nos. 3 and 4 Districts, Penticton. H.  Sargeant, No.  5  District, Nelson.
B. T. O'Grady, No. 6 District, Vancouver.
J. S. Stevenson and J. M. Cummings, Victoria.
District Inspectors.
Geo. O'Brien, Nanaimo. John G. Biggs, Princeton.
T. R. Jackson, Nanaimo. Chas. Graham, Prince Rupert.
John MacDonald, Fernie.
Jas. Strang, Inspector and Examiner, Victoria.
H. E. Miard, Inspector and Examiner, Fernie and Nelson.
Mine-rescue Station Instructors.
Richard Nichol, Nanaimo. A. Gould, Princeton.
J. L. Brown, Cumberland. J. T. Puckey, Fernie. To His Honour Eric Werge Hamber,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1936 is herewith
respectfully submitted.
G. S. PEARSON,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
May, 1937.  Main Street of Wells, 1936.
Main Street of Barkerville, 1936.  PART A.
THE MINING INDUSTRY.
BY
John F. Walker.
The value of mine production in 1936 was $54,081,967, an increase of $5,260,728 over 1935.
This increase is particularly gratifying in view of the appreciably smaller tonnage of ore mined
from base-metal properties, which means that a better price for base metals has been obtained
throughout the year as compared with 1935.
Lode-gold production, which in recent years has been establishing records in both volume
and value, showed a further increase of 10.7 per cent, in volume and 10.2 per cent, in value
for 1906 as compared with 1935. Placer gold, with a value of $1,249,940, is the highest since
1900. The increase over 1935 was 40.3 per cent, in volume and 39.6 per cent, in value. The
combined value for lode and placer gold of $15,418,594 is the greatest for any one metal or
material for the year.
Lead is a close second to gold, with a value of $14,790,089 and an all-time record volume
production of $377,971,618 lb.    The volume increase was 9.8 per cent, and the value increase
37.2 per cent, as compared with 1936.
Zinc production fell slightly short of the 1935 volume record with a loss of 0.7 per cent.,
but the increase in value showed a gain of 6.1 per cent.
Coal, valued at $5,772,502, occupied fourth place with an increase in volume and value of
13.3 per cent.
Silver production increased in volume 2.9 per cent., with a value decline of 28.3 per cent., to
$4,296,548.
Copper decreased in volume by 46.4 per cent, and in value by 34.8 per cent, to $1,971,848,
the lowest since 1900. The smaller decrease in value as compared to volume shows a better
average price for the metal during the year.
Non-metallic minerals and structural materials, with the exception of a few minor minerals and materials, showed substantial gains, amounting in the aggregate to over 30' per cent.
This is a healthy sign, as it reflects activity in building and construction.
The total number of shipping-mines decreased from 177 to 168; those shipping over 100
tons decreased from 72 to 70'.
The number of men employed increased from 13,737 to 14,180 and wages and salaries
increased from $16,753,367 to $17,917,221.
Dividends increased from $7,386,070 in 1935 to $10,513,705 in 1936. These figures do not
include dividends paid by Howe Sound Mining and Smelting Company, parent company of the
Britannia Mining and Smelting Company, or the capital disbursements by the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and Power Company.
During the past three years new tables have been compiled, the first of which, Table No. I.,
appeared in the 1933 Annual Report.
For the 1934 Annual Report, Table VI. (now Table VII.), which formerly tabulated the
yield of placer gold only, was drawn up to show both placer- and lode-gold values. This facilitates a rapid view of the total gold production of the Province. Another table introduced in
1934, No. XXII., includes " Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or More Men."
Incorporated in this table, additional data are presented showing the number of operating days
at mine and mill, and also tonnage mined and milled. A subsection of the table shows operating days and average men employed at non-shipping mines employing ten or more men.
For the Annual Report for 1936, a new table, No. II., gives average metal prices used in
compiling Provincial Production, for the years 1901-1936, inclusive, for gold, silver, copper,
lead, and zinc.
Table IX.A, is a reprint of a similar table printed in the 1933 Annual Report, but with
the values of both placer- and lode-gold ounces valued at the average value of gold per fine A 6 REPORT OF THE  MINISTER OF MINES, 19S6.
ounce, instead of the old standard price of $20.671834. This table should be referred to when
making comparisons with 1933 and 1932 gold production value.
Table No. VIII. has been extended to cover a period of five years' production by mining
divisions and districts, in place of the three-year period formerly given.
Table No. XVII. is a new table for 1936 Annual Report, and covers dividends paid by
mining companies in British Columbia. The information has been obtained from departmental
files, operators, and trade journals, and while in general is accurate, there may be slight differences in isolated instances.
Table No. XVIII. is also a new table for 1936, and sets forth capital employed, salaries and
wages, amount expended on fuel and electricity, and process supplies for the year 1936, with
comparative figures for 1935. The table shows details of such subjects by districts, under the
various classes of mining. The totals are those obtained from all returns made to the Department on the subject, but there are some returns not received in time to be included in the totals,
nor does it take into account the amounts expended in the large number of small operations
conduced by one or two individuals or prospectors.
Table No. XIX. is a former table enlarged to show a period from 1901 to 1936, inclusive,
covering tonnage, number of mines, number of mines shipping over 100 tons, and net value to
shipper of lode-minerals. A new feature in the table also is the gross value of lode-minerals
produced. It will be observed that the " net value " is not given for the years previous to 1926;
such was not given on returns filed by operators.
Table No. XX. is a former table showing number of men employed in the mining industry.
Formerly the table gave the current year and one comparative year, but the present table
covers the period 1901 to 1936, inclusive.
GENERAL SITUATION.
It is even more difficult to forecast the value of the mining industry for 1937 than it was
to forecast it for 1936.
It is anticipated that lode gold will again show an increase in volume, and it is believed
that the average price will be about the same. Placer gold should show a further marked
increase in volume and value production.
Silver production and value are expected to be about the same as in 1936.
Copper should show an appreciable gain in volume, due to return to capacity production
of Britannia and reopening of the Copper Mountain property of Granby Consolidated Mining,
Smelting, and Power Company, about June 1st. It is impossible to forecast the average price
for copper, which in the first four months of 1937 has increased from 11.8 to 17 cents per
pound and has recently dropped to 14.9 cents per pound. However, if copper, should average
12% cents per pound, almost the low for the year to date, there should be, due to increased
volume production, an increase in value of about $3,000,000 as compared to 1936. It is quite
possible that this figure may be further increased by $750,000 to $1,000,000.
The volume of lead production may well show a slight increase, and with an almost assured
increase in average price the value increase for the year may be anywhere from $3,750,000 to
$7,000,000.
Zinc production is likely to be about the same in volume, but it is anticipated that the
value will be considerably higher. Zinc, like copper and lead, has risen rapidly in price and
then declined during the past four months, but a fair average for the year suggests an increased
value of close to $5,000,000.
Coal may be expected to show a further increase in volume and value.
Structural materials should show a further increase, but it is not anticipated that it will
be as great as that of 1936 compared with 1935.
In preparing the foregoing estimate, it is assumed that no major disaster will affect the
mining industry or any of the larger producers. If the industry functions smoothly throughout the year, it is anticipated that the value of mine products may establish an all-time high
record. If this is attained, it will be all the more gratifying, as it is not likely to be the result
of a record tonnage output, but due to appreciably better metal prices.
Prospecting throughout the Province, though active, is not being carried on to as great
an extent as it should be to assure the discovery of new properties which will replace those
now in production, and to which there must inevitably be an end.    However, two properties THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 7
are being brought into production in the North-west Mineral Survey District, one, the Big
Missouri, a fairly old discovery, but the other, the Whitewater property of Polaris Taku Mining
Company, Limited, a discovery of more recent years. An interesting discovery was also made
last year in the McDame Creek area which is under development this year by the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company of Canada.
The Manson section in North-eastern Mineral Survey District is now considered to have
passed the prospect stage and production is expected on a profitable basis.
In the Cariboo area the recent developments by Consolidated Gold Alluvials of British
Columbia will be watched with great interest throughout the year, as this property has now
reached a stage where the future of this type of mining will soon be known.
In the Southern and Central Mineral Survey District the Hedley Camp will probably
attract the greatest amount of attention during the coming season, and development is anticipated at a number of prospects and small properties. The reopening of the Copper Mountain
property of Granby Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company is creating considerable
employment in the Princeton area, and will no doubt again stimulate interest in that section.
In the Eastern Mineral Survey District the Slocan, due to current lead and zinc prices, is
again attracting considerable attention, and a number of old properties are being reopened.
It must be remembered, however, that the present price of zinc at a little over 5 cents per pound
does not make the low-grade zinc properties attractive. The interest created in these properties was largely due to the recent high price of over 7 cents a pound.
In the Western Mineral Survey District the return of the Britannia Company to capacity
production is perhaps the most important feature. The possibility of B.C. Nickel getting
into production before the year is out is also of interest, as this is likely to be the first nickel-
producer in Western Canada. Gold-mining is still active at various places, and interest is
again being revived in base-metal properties.
GOLD PURCHASING.
Late in 1935 the Department of Finance, co-operating with the Department of Mines,
undertook to purchase small lots of placer gold under 2 oz. in weight from the individual placer-
miner. The Gold Commissioners throughout the Province have paid a cash price of $28 per
ounce for clean gold, and have purchased dirty gold and amalgam on a deferred-payment basis.
During 1936, 1,470 lots of gold were received by the Department through the Gold Commissioners, of an aggregate value of some $50,000. The total price paid is almost exactly the same
as that received from the Royal Canadian Mint, except for the Mint's handling charges of
1 per cent. The service for the year has cost the Government about $500, and considering that
the individual miner has received about $10,000 to $12,000 more than had he sold through the
ordinary channels, this service is believed to be well justified.
DEPARTMENT LABORATORIES.
During 1936 the Assay Office has been equipped with a new electric furnace and drying-
oven and other accessories to bring it thoroughly up to date. The laboratories of the Min-
eralogical Branch have been equipped for the first time in the history of the Department with
the finest microscopic equipment available. The work of the technical staff, by reason of this
new equipment, will not only be increased in value, but the Department is prepared to offer a
greater service to the public in the examination of mill products, etc., than heretofore. The
laboratory is at present being equipped for research-work in respect to non-metallic and structural materials, where preliminary investigations may be made preparatory to more intensive
work in the well-equipped laboratories of the Department of Mines in Ottawa.
LECTURES TO PROSPECTORS.
A series of fourteen lectures on geology and mining, prepared by the Provincial Mineralogist in 1934, was again presented during the winter of 1936-37 by the Resident Mining Engineers and other instructors at the following centres throughout the Province :■—
Alice Arm, Bralorne, Burnaby (2), Creston, Fernie, Fort Steele, Wild Horse Creek, Galloway, Kelowna, Mayook, Nanaimo, Nelson, New Hazelton, North Vancouver, Penticton, Premier,
Prince Rupert, Prince George, Princeton, Revelstoke, Smithers, Usk, Vancouver (2), Victoria,
Williams Lake, and Wynndel. A 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, W36.
The estimated total average attendance at the lectures prior to the completion of the
course was 800. This work was carried out in conjunction with the Department of Education,
and it is expected that the lectures will be given during the winter of 1937-38.
The preparation of rock and mineral sets comprising about fifty minerals and rocks commonly found in British Columbia has been going ahead for some time, and distribution started
about the end of the year. A nominal charge of 50 cents a set is made, and it is expected that
during 1937 about a thousand sets will be distributed throughout the Province.
PLACER MINING CAMPS.
The Provincial Government Department of Labour created in 1935 a plan whereby unmarried, physically fit unemployed men between the ages of 21 and 25 years were given an opportunity to learn placer-mining. In 1936 the age-limit was reduced, permitting younger men to
enrol. Instruction was carried out under the direction of the Senior Engineer. The Nanaimo
River and Emory Creek Camps only were used and enlarged to permit the training of larger
groups than in 1936. The staff of the Nanaimo Camp consisted of an instructor in placer-
mining, a cook-instructor, and timekeeper; and at Emory Creek a chief instructor and assistant
instructor, a chief cook-instructor and an assistant cook-instructor, and a timekeeper. In
addition to the above, some of the trainees were given, when necessary, the position of overseer
and took charge of groups of trainees.
The trainees were instructed in simple methods of placer-mining, in the art of camp cooking, and how to look after themselves in the hills. This included first-aid instruction. Food
and equipment supplied was similar to that used by prospectors.
Instruction lasted from a month to six weeks, according to ability to learn. Fifty men
were trained in the Nanaimo Camp and 100 in the Emory Creek Camp at a time, and in all a
total of about 300 men received training during the year. About 50 per cent, of the trainees
availed themselves of the opportunity of a grub-stake equivalent to the relief allowance of
$9.60 per man per month, and went to various parts of the Province. The Nanaimo Camp
opened the latter part of June and both camps were closed about the end of September.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF CANADA.
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered Confederation, all geological investigations and mapping in the Province were to be carried on by the
Geological Survey of Canada; this agreement has been fully adhered to by the Dominion
Government and has proved of great benefit to the mining industry of the Province. Each
year several geological parties are kept in the field and in the aggregate a vast amount of
information is made available to the prospector and the mining engineer in the many excellent
reports and maps covering British Columbia which have been issued by the Geological Survey
of Canada.
For some years a branch office of the Geological Survey has been maintained in Vancouver,
where copies of maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained. The officer in charge
of the British Columbia office is W. E. Cockfield and the address is 511 Winch Building,
Vancouver, B.C.
In 1936 a reorganization of several departments in the Federal Government was effected,
and the Department of Mines and Resources created. One of the main branches of this
Department is that of Mines and Geology, with sub-branches known as the Bureau of Geology
and Topography and the Bureau of Mines. The Geological Survey of Canada is now a part
of the Bureau of Geology and Topography.
During the season of 1936 the Geological Survey of Canada had the following officers
employed on geological field-work in British Columbia:—
GEOLOGICAL PARTIES.
1. E. D. Kindle examined the mineral properies north and east of Usk, in an area tributary to the Canadian National Railways.
2. E. J. Lees studied and mapped the geology of the west half of Smithers map-area
(lats. 54°-55°, longs. 127°-128°).
3. M. F. Bancroft examined the mineral properties in the Smithers district.
4. J. E. Armstrong commenced the study and mapping of the geology of the west half of
Fort Fraser map-area (lats. 54°-55°, longs. 125°-126°). THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 9
5. J. G. Gray commenced the study and mapping of the geology of the east half of Fort
Fraser map-area  (lats. 54°-55°, longs. 124°-125°).
6. A. H. Lang completed the study and mapping of Keithley Creek map-area (lats. 52° 45'-
53°, long. 121°-121° 30').
7. N. F. G. Davis made a detailed study of the north-western part of the Barkerville Gold
Belt in the vicinity of Island Mountain.
8. D. A. McNaughton made a detailed study of the mineral properties in Greenwood area.
9. C. E. Cairnes and C. Tolman studied and mapped the geology of the west half of Kettle
River map-area (lats. 49°-50°, longs. 119°-120°).
10*. H. M. A. Rice studied and mapped the geology of the east half of Nelson map-area
(lats. 49°-50°, longs. 116°-117°).
TOPOGRAPHICAL PARTIES.
1. R. C. McDonald mapped, for publication, on 1 inch to 1 mile with 100-foot contours, an
area in the vicinity of Tyaughton Lake.
2. A. C. Tuttle mapped the east half of the Nelson sheet (lats. 49°-50°, longs. 116°-117°)
for publication on a scale of 1 inch to 4 miles with 500-foot contours.
3. R. J. Parlee and H. A. S. West mapped the Manson Creek sheet (lats. 55°-56°, longs.
124°-12i6°) for publication on 1 inch to 4 miles with 500-foot contours.
4. C. H. Smith and F. P. Duvernet mapped the Hazelton sheet (lats. 55°-56°, longs. 126°-
128°) for publication on a scale of 1 inch to 4 miles with 500-foot contours.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION.
The total mine output of the Province consists of the outputs of metalliferous minerals,
coal, structural materials, and miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials, valued at standard recognized prices in Canadian funds.
In the Annual Report for 1925 some changes were made in the methods used in previous
years in computing and valuing the products of the industry, but in order to facilitate comparisons with former years the same general style of tables was adhered to. The methods used in
the 1925 Annual Report have been followed in subsequent Annual Reports, with the addition of
new tables.
The following notes explain the methods used:—
(1.) From the certified returns of lode mines of ore and concentrate shipments made during the full calendar year by the producers the net recovered metal contents have been determined by deducting from the " assay value content" necessary corrections for smelting and
refining losses.
In making comparisons of production figures with previous years, it should be remembered
that prior to 1925 in the Annual Reports the total metal production, with the exception of
copper, was determined by taking the assay value content of all ores shipped; deductions for
slag losses were made by taking varying percentages off the metal prices.
(2.) Gold-placer returns are received from operators giving production in crude ounces
recovered; these are converted to fine-gold ounces by dividing the crude-ounce value by the old
standard price of gold. The fine-gold content is then valued at the yearly average price of gold,
which in 1936 was $35.03 per ounce. On this basis the average crude-gold value per ounce was
$28.80 on Provincial placer-gold production.
(3.) The prices used in valuing the different metals are: For gold, the average price for
the year; for silver, the average New York metal-market price for the year; for lead, the
average London metal-market price for the year; and for zinc, the average London metal-
market price for the year. As in 1034, copper in 1936 is valued at the average London metal-
market price. Prior to 1932 copper was valued at the average New York price. The change
was made because very little copper was being marketed in the United States on account of
high tariff charges against importations from foreign countries. The bulk of the lead and
zinc production of the Province is sold on the basis of the London prices of these metals and
they are therefore used. The New York, St. Louis, and Montreal lead- and zinc-market prices
differ materially from the London prices of these metals and are not properly applicable to
the valuing of the British Columbia production. A 10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
By agreement with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Provincial Statistical
Bureaus, the following procedure of taking care of the exchange fluctuations has been agreed
upon:—
(a.)   Silver to be valued at the average New York price, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate.
(6.)  Lead, zinc, and copper to be valued at London prices, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate.
(4.) In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics.    The practice in
former years had been to list coal and coke production (in part) as primary mineral production.    Only the coke made in bee-hive ovens was so credited;   that made in by-product ovens
was not listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was credited as coal production.
The result was that the coke-production figures were incomplete.    Starting with the 1926
Annual Report, the standard practice of the Bureau of Statistics, Ottawa, has been adopted.
This consists of crediting all coal produced, including that used in making coke, as primary
mine production.    Coke-making is considered a manufacturing industry.    As it is, however,
of interest to the mining industry, a table included in the Report shows the total coke produced
in the Province, together with by-products, and the values given by the producers.    This
valuation of coke is not, of course, included in the total gross mine production of the Province.
From 1918 to 1930 coal production was valued at $5 per long ton.    In 1931 the price used
was $4.50, and in 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 the price used has been $4.25 per long ton.    In
making comparisons with former years the decline in dollar value is  accentuated by this
lowered price.
Robert Dunn, Deputy Minister of Mines for British Columbia for eleven years,
died on November 26th, 1936, and with his passing the mining industry lost a true
friend and able administrator.
Robert Dunn was born in Toronto, Ontario, in 1884, and came to British
Columbia in 1891, receiving his education at the Victoria Public and High Schools.
He had a wide experience in journalistic work on the editorial staffs of the Victoria
Colonist and Times, and left the News Editor's chair of the latter paper in 1917,
to become Secretary to the late William Sloan, at that time Minister of Mines.
After eight years' service in that capacity he was appointed Deputy Minister.
He was greatly interested in the youth of the city and took an active part in
Boy Scout affairs. He was a member of the Union Club and the Uplands Golf
Club.
All those who had anything to do with the mining industry and the Department
of Mines will long remember his courtesy and kindly consideration in their dealings
with him. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 11
INDEX TO TABLES.
Title. Page.
Table I.—Production;  all Metals, Structural, and Miscellaneous—1936 and 1935 compared 12
Table II.—Metal Prices; Average Prices used in valuing Production, 1901 to 1936,
inclusive   13
Table III.—Total Production for all Years up to and including 1936  13
Table IV.—Production for each Year from 1852 to 1936, inclusive  14
Table V.—Quantities and Value of Mine Products for 1934, 1935, and 1936  14
Table VI.—Production of Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc  15
Table VII.—Value of Gold Production to Date—Lode Gold and Placer Gold  16
Table VIIL—Output of Mine Products by Districts and Divisions, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1935,
and 1936  17
Table IX.—Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc,
1935 and 1936 18, 19
Table IX.A.—Production in Detail of Placer Gold, Lode Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc,
1932 and 1933. (This table is inserted as a record to show gold valued at average
prices for 1932 and 1933—namely, $23.47 and $28.60 respectively. Tables VII. and
VIIL for the aforementioned years gives the value of gold valued at the old standard
price of $20.671834)  20, 21
Table X.—Production in Detail of Structural Materials, 1936 „___ 22
Table XI.—Production in Detail of Miscellaneous Metals, Minerals, and Materials, 1936  23
Table XII.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1895-1936, inclusive—Graph  24
Table XIII.—Production of Lode Mines in British Columbia, 1913-1936, inclusive—Graph_ 25
Table XIV.—Coal Production per Year to Date  26
Table XV.—Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia from 1895 to 1925  26
Table XVI.—Coke and By-Products Production of British Columbia, 1935 and 1936  26
Table XVIL—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1936 27-29
Table XVIII.—Capital employed, Salaries and Wages, Fuel and Electricity, and Process
Supplies, 1935 and 1936  30
Table XIX.—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode Minerals, 1901-
1936 '  31
Table XX.—Men employed in the Mining Industry, 1901-1936  32
Table XXL—Metalliferous Mines shipping in 1936 and List of Mills operating 33-37
Table XXII.—Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or more Men during 1936—
Shipping and Non-shipping  38, 39 A 12
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE I.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1935 and 1936.
Quantity,
1935.
Quantity,
1936.
Value,
1935.
Value,
1936.
Per Cent.
Increase ( + ) or
Decrease ( —).
Quantity.
Value.
Metallics.
$
6,584
441,203
3,023,768
12,852,936
895,058
10,785,930
1,275
5,994,075
7,940,860
$
357,007
468,170
1,971,848
14,168,654
1,249,940
14,790,029
930
4,296,548
8,439,373
49,971
+    6.1
Copper   - -  lb.
Gold, lode* - - - —oz.
Gold, placer*   - _„.oz.
38,791,127
365,244
30,929
344,268,444
39
9,251,544
256,239,446
20,803,672
404,472
43,389
377,971,618
23
9,521,015
254,581,393
— 46.4
+ 10.7
+ 40.3
+    9.8
— 41.0
+    2.9
— 0.7
— 34.8
+ 10.2
+ 39.6
+ 37.2
Platinum   _ ~ - - oz.
Silver  — - oz.
— 27.0
— 28.3
+    6.1
41,941,689
45,792,470
+    9.2
Fuel.
1,187,968
1,346,471
5,048,864
5,722,502
+ 13.3
+ 13.3
NON-METALLICS.
428
36,673
84,982
1,670
4,293
10,395
453,528
350
14,555
124,425
4,000
2,809
15,389
608,790
Fluxes—limestone, quartz.      tons
Gypsum products, gypsite -
36,378
17,592
— 51.6
— 60.3
+ 46.4
+ 139.5
— 32.1
+ 48.0
+ 34.2
Slate  and green  rock  granules;
talc   - - - -tons
Sodium carbonate, magnesium sulphate _ - —tons
Sulphurt     .tons
390
584
46,783
268
845
64,896
—    5.6
+ 44.9
+ 39.1
591,969
770,318
+ 30.1
Clay Products and other
Structural Materials.
Clay Products.
Brick—
Common ._ .___ No.
Face, paving, sewer brick—.No.
2,388,451
910,618
3,327,061
564,788
30,632
25,821
77,404
7,137
14,766
49,328
3,508
4,040
46,437
19,613
115,121
7,657
33,444
54,179
2,875
1,961
+  39.3
— 38.0
+ 51.6
— 24.0
+ 32.8
+ 7.3
+123.5
+    9.8
Fireclay  — tons
523
567
+    8.4
Drain-tile, sewer-pipe _  No.
668,907
712,745
+    6.6
Bentonite ; other clay products	
Totals  .
212,636
281,287
+ 32.3
Other Structural Materials.
Cement. 	
72,591
314,115
133,286
362,996
95,152
120,532
516,931
137,158
477,897
175,226
208,178
+ 64.6
+ 3.0
+ 31.7
+ 84.2
+ 64.4
Lime and limestone  .tons
82,902
—  11.2
Stone—building, grindstones .tons
Rubble, riprap, crushed rock tons
4,640
173,353
5,890
333,348
+ 26.9
+ 92.0
Totals	
	
1,026,081
1,515,390
+ 47.7
Total value in Canadian
1
48,821,239
54,081,967
+ 10.8
1
* Canadian funds.
f Sulphur content of pyrites shipped, estimated sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste smelter-
gases, and elemental sulphur. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 13
TABLE II.—Average Metal Prices used in compiling Value op Provincial
Production of Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc.
Year.
Gold,
Fine Ounce.
Silver,
Fine Ounce.
Copper,
Lb.
Lead,
Lb.
Zinc,
Lb.
1901 	
$
20.67
Cents.
56.002 N.Y.
49.55
50.78
53.36      „
51.33      „
63.45      „    .
62.06
50.22      „
48.93
50.812    „
50.64
57.79
56.80      „
52.10      „
47.20      „
62.38      „
77.35
91.93      „
105.57      „
95.80
59.52
64.14
61.63
63.442    „
69.065    „
62.107    „
56.37
58.176    „
52.993     „
38.154    „
28.700    „
31.671    „
37.832    „
47.461    „
64.790    „
45.127   „
Cents.
16.11   N.Y.
11.70      „
13.24
12.82      „
15.59      „
19.28
20.00
13.20      „
12.98
12.738    „
12.38      „
16.341    „
15.27      „
13.60
17.28
27.202    „
27.18      „
24.63
18.70      „
17.45      „
12.50      „
13.38
14.42      „
13.02
14.042    „
13.795    „
12.92
14.570    „
18.107    „
12.982    „
8.116    „
6.380 Lond.
7.454    „
7.419    „
7.795    „
9.477    „
Cents.
3.897 N.Y.
3.66      „
3.81
3.88      „
4.24      „
4.81      „
4.80      „
3.78      „
3.85      „
4.00
3.98
4.024    „
3.93
3.50      „
4.17      „
6.172    „
7.91
6.67
5.19       „
7.16
4.09       ,,
5.16
6.54       „
7.287    „
7.848 Lond.
6.751    „
5.256    „
4.575    „
5.050     „
3.927    „
2.710     „
2.113     „
2.391     „
2.436     „
3.133    „
3.913    „
Cents.
1902	
1903    	
1904     	
1905	
1906 	
1907	
	
1908.   	
1909  - - -	
1910    .                  _     .	
4 60 E. St. L.
1911    .                        _   „	
4 90      ,,
1912 -	
5.90      „
1913 	
	
4.80      ,,
1914                                  	
1915                                  	
11 25      ,,
1916                                  	
1917                                  	
7 566    ,,
1918                                    _
1919                                   _
1920                                  	
6 52      „
1921
1922                                     	
1923                                     	
5 62      ,,
1924                                     	
5 39
1925                                     	
1926                                     	
7 409    ,,
1927
1928
1929                                     	
5 385    ,,
1930
3.599    „
2 554    „
1931                                  	
1932    	
23.47
28.60
34.50
35.19
35.03
2.405    „
1933 	
1934..  	
1935  _.._	
1936                                    	
3.210    „
3.044    „
3.099    „
3.315   „
Average 1932-36 (inclusive) 	
31.36
45.576    „
7.705     „
2.797    „
3.014    ,.
•
...
Note.—In making comparisons with average prices used prior to 1926, it should be remembered that deductions
were made from the average prices as a means of adjustment between the " assay value content" of ores shipped
instead of allowing percentage losses in smelting operations. The price of copper prior to 1926 was taken at " net " ;
silver, at 95 per cent. ; lead, at 90 per cent. ; and zinc, at 85 per cent. Subsequent to 1926 (inclusive) prices are
true averages, and adjustments are made on the metal content of ores for loss in smelting and refining.
TABLE III.—Total Production for all Years up to and including 1936.
Gold, placer   $82,702,699*
Gold, lode   191,813,716*
Silver   123,951,149
Copper   286,080,205
Lead 	
Zinc 	
Coal and coke 	
Structural materials 	
Miscellaneous minerals, etc.
216,272,482
127,849,893
366,373,157
72,867,552
11,433,756
Total $1,479,344,609
* Canadian funds. A 14
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE IV.—Production for each Year from 1852 to 1936 (inclusive).
1852
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1908
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1612
1913
1914
1915
1916
to 1895 (inclusive)  $94,547,241
  7,507,956
  10,455,268
  10,906,861
  12,393,131
  16,344,751
  20,086,780
  17,486,550
  17,495,954
  18,977,359
  22,461,325
 .'  24,980,546
  25,882,560
  23,851,277
  24,443,025
  26,377,066
  23,499,072
  32,440,800
  30,296,398
  26,388,825
  29,447,508
  42,290,462
* Canadian funds.
1917   $37,010,392
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
41,782,474
33,296,313
35,543,084
28,066,641
35,162,843
1923   41,304,320
1924   48,704,604
1925   61,492,242
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
67,188,842
60,729,358
65,372,588
68,245,443
55,891,903
1931   34,883,181
1932   *28,798,406
1933   *32,602,672
1984   *42,305,297
1985 L  *48,821,239
1936  1 :  *54,081,9G7
Total.
$l,479,344,60l9
Table V.—Quantities and Value of Mine Products for 1934, 1935, and 1936.
Description.
1934.
Quantity. Value.
1935.
Quantity. Value.
1936.
Quantity. Value
Gold, placer*
Gold, lode* ....
Silver  	
. oz.
. oz.
Copper   - lb.
Lead       lb.
Zinc      lb.
Coal  :  ...tons, 2,240 lb.
Structural materials  	
Miscellaneous metals and minerals	
Totals 	
25,181
297,130
8,572,916
48,084,658
347,366,967
247,926,844
1,347,090
$714,431
10,250,985
4,068,792
3,567,401
8,461,859
7,546,893
5,725,133
1,017,141
952,662
30,929
365,244
9,251,544
38,791,127
344,268,444
256,239,446
1,187,968
$895,058
12,852,936
5,994,075
3,023,768
10,785,930
7,940,860
5,048,864
1,238,717
1,041,031
43,389
404,472
9,521,015
20,806,672
377,971,618
254,581,393
1,346,471
$1,249,940
14,168,654
4,296,548
1,971,848
14,790,029
8,439,373
5,722,502
1,796,677
1,646,396
$42,305,297
$48,821,239 I  I $54,081,967
* Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 15
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O) 03 C3 A 16
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE VII.—Value of Gold Production to Date.
Year.
Placer.
Lode.
Total.
1858 1862                     -	
$9,871,634
$9,871,634
1863-1867            -	
16,283,592
16,283,592
1868 1872                "' 	
9,895,318
9,895,318
1873-1877     -    	
9,019,201
9,019,201
1878-1882     	
5,579,911
5,579,911
1883-1887  - - -	
3,841,515
3,841,515
1888-1892           	
2,525,426
2,525,426
1893  .   - -	
356,131
$23,404
379,535
1894 _      	
405,516
125,014
530,530
1895  	
481,683
785,271
1,266,954
1896                         	
544,026
1,244,180
1,788,206
1897 	
513,520
2,122,820
2,636,340
1898  	
643,346
2,201,217
2,844,563
1899 _	
1,344,900
2,857,573
4,202,473
1900   :	
1,278,724
3,453,381
4,732,105
1901 	
970,100
4,348,603
5,318,703
1902	
1,073,140
4,888,269
5,961,409
1903                   	
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
4,812,616
5,873,036
1904                         	
4,589,608
4,933,102
5,704,908
1905  -	
5,902,402
1906 ...    	
948,400
4,630,639
5,579,039
1907   	
828,000
4,055,020
4,883,020
1908 	
647,000
5,282,880
5,929,880
1909	
477,000
4,924,090
5,401,090
1910         	
540,000
5,533,380
6,073,380
1911  	
426,000
4,725,513
5,151,513
1912	
555,500
510,000
5,322,442
5,877,942
1913   -•-	
5,627,490
6,137,490
1914   	
565,000
5,109,004
■ 5,674,004
1915         _       _.._      	
5,167,934
4,587,334
5,937,934
5,167,834
1916	
680,500
1917	
496,000
2,367,190
2,863,190
1918  	
320,000
3,403,812
3,723,812
1919                            .  .
286,500
221,600
3,150,645
2,481,392
3,437,145
2,702,992
1820 -	
1921   	
3,037,354
4,458,484
1922 -  ....  	
368,800
4,089,684
1923	
420,000
3,704,994
4,124,994
1924.     	
420,750
5,120,536
4,335,269
5 541,285
1925	
280,092
4,615,361
1926
355,503
156,247
4,163,859
3,679 601
4,519,362
3,835,848
4.031.305
1927     	
1928	
143,208
3,888,097
1929 -  	
118,711
3,004 419
3,123,130
1930	
152,235
3,323,576
3,475,811
1931..: 	
291,992
3,018,894
3,310,886
1932  	
395,542
4,261,307
4,656,849*
1933	
562,787
6,392,929
6,955,716*
10,965,416*
1934   	
714,431
10,250,985
1935	
895,058
12,852,936
13,747,994*
1936	
1,249,940
14,168,654
15,418,594"
Totals	
$82,702,699
$191,813,716
$274,516,415
* Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 17
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a   > S A 18
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1936.
TABLE IX.—Production in Detail op Placer Gold, Lode
Districts and Divisions.
Year.
Tons.
Gold—Placer.
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
1935
1936
$
$
*
13,227
18,423
363
216
285
228
382,797
530,726
10,522
6,222
8,234
6,568
6
2
70
934
421
1,210,308
6,645
156,855
197,247
12,262
19,327
5,567
221
33,611
44,188
6,632
4,844
195,903
7,742
1,182,771
1,547,906
233,380
169,685
257,081
24,997
674,201
1,044,049
1,476
1,433
166,563
11,280
436,815
471,148
Skeena	
102
26
122
65
2,956
749
3,519
1,872
956
647
5,096
20
700
7
3
73,758
95,409
6,280
11,980
4,948
7,211
1,629
1,775
294
332
181,721
345,117
143,188
207,733
47,155
51,134
8,516
9,564
35,835
36,765
1,261,034
1,287,878
4,555
4,657
2,951
2,102
1,072
10
261
7
9,184
245
2,622
3,205
1,699
1,446
7,844
18,889
1,843
41
17,757
18,343
1
35
874
1,086
301
48
fi.401
7,021
30,756
38,043
10,592
1,681
225,251
245,946
25,224
28,411
304
361
18,541
19,405
16,342
12,821
38
110
222
166
1,091
3,169
6,440
4,782
197
163
12,013
8,757
15,635
494
42,252
22,957
69,328
115,190
25
9
257
135
739
259
7,425
3,889
1,731
1,061
13,130
5,905
18,934
39,555
00,914
37,167
462,045
206,852
666,287
1,385,612
46,149
18,361
753,143
728,047
2,520
28,981
29,900
8,286
487,961
328,546
1,633
2
179
102
58
5,173
2,938
13,078
8
4
140
2
1
1,801,295
1,901,477
640
657
11
15
11
4
57
2
18,510
18,927
317
432
317
115
1,654
58
6,673,000
7,068,195
4,323,437
3,189,664
55,918
45,540
29,505
13,337
766
33,081
11,677
147
37
142,428
209,927
11
1
78
54
39
63
53.262
81,614
387
35
2,745
1,892
1,372
2,207
1,874,290
2,858,938
106,808
21,056
404,316
226,661
4,475
509
67,635
121,111
69,201
9,502
1
4
29
105
102,285
2,899
132
160
15
2
59
151
83
79
89
29
3.835
4,609
458
58
1,689
4,350
2,393
2,276
2,569
835
43,821
54,654
37,553
15,823
23,576
10,415
829,639
364,837
28,656
10,627
18,566
4,796
102
28,823
102,872
6
5,403
2,749
210
190,132
96,298
6,742
3,451
1,416
3,042
2,236
639
47
270
90
207
74
33
3
3
6
71
86
176
44
61
168
53
231
311
1,548
2,137
5,912
1,856
8,129
10,894
138
209
78
6
134
112
89
94
51
87
34
985
9
37
740
618
322
322
445
278
83
54
214
84
240
1,066
21,431
17,803
9,325
9,276
12,879
8,009
2,393
1,556
6,194
2,420
     ..
	
304,024
385,546
5,800
12,352
7,052
140.044
145,505
851
8,553
4,278
4,928,148
5,097,040
29,947
299,612
150,543
44.312
53,939
1,360
13,038
7,489
28,710
24,341
881
5,884
4,852
259
1,161
68
163
2,393
5,710
	
7
3,722
	
1,680
817,307
1,314,609
13,914
14,197
489,634
497,321
78,329
90,822
113
3,255
40,985
1935
1936
4,916,149
4,456,521
30,929
43,389
t895,058
1,249,940
365,244
404,472
12.852,936
14,168,654
9,251,544
9,521,015
5,994.075
4,296,548
* Includes zinc and lead recovered from slag and reclaimed slags which cannot be credited to individual mines,
t Includes placer gold purchased by Gold Commissioners from "snipers'* and_ others, who in many instances
located in another division.    In most cases the gold is credited to the mining division in which it was sold, this
J THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 19
Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in 1935 and 1936.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Totals for
Divisions.
Totals for
Districts.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
1935.
1936.
1936.
$
«
$
$
$
$
2,833,186
382,797
1,139
45
531,262
10,522
6,222
8,234
6,568
23,558,968
450,615
35,401
1,836,422
42,705
2,759
82
812
697
2,751
466,233
864,074
2,198,88S
107
14,607
33,811
61,834
69
2
1,636,954
2,052,947
10,420
238,104
7,354
171,778
3,519
2,575
1,905,281
54
163
2
6
451
14
1,445,722
1,635,103
143,188
207,733
8,173
600
256
24
1,261
954
39
32
58,333
52,881
8,516
9,564
230,395
353,813
388
431
38,869
34,330
7,218
13,845
12
17
1,218
1,343
58,324
106,177
238
228
31,364
25,475
1.80S
3,520
7
8
972
844
56,159
2,361
70,590
11,899
5,038
38,448
2,997
3,014
248,891
31,803
264,686
15,938
1,078
680,369
567,444
9,759
15,407
499
42
21,316
22,204
306
603
20,671
10,731
014,337
693,859
3,549
967
641
356
19,038
23,001
110
32
92,693
46,110
997,785
14,989
182
29,116
599,481
668,518
307,229
1,428,499
5,173
3,079
330,000,000
360,362,863
10,338,900
14,100,999
213,400,000
232,818,066
6,613,266
7,717,919
21,294,113
25,027,509
317
432
6,267,392
196,358
9,435,300
292,400
518,580
115
2,070,291
814,475
2,832,099
1,408,291
9,124
244
873,356
1,709,355
64,862
31,870
88,730
55,106
286
10
27,362
66,887
	
1,950,010
7,065
1,544.252
993,479
5,944
90
527,OIG
1,043,278
60,450
234
47,856
32,934
184
3
10,332
34,584
196,554
41,699
401,287
192,246
4,846
2,450
1,362
581
1,967,002
6,130
3,020,253
458
  [      I     	
58
967,707
75,433
29,530
5,979
11,242,020
187
439,900
25,550,184
18,256,826
791,800
605,214
1,717,314
1,448,627
2,393
86,519
2,841
3,386
89
8,914
12
195,038
97,772
7,920,367
51
91
1,759
	
2,408
263
8
6,147
1,859
19
8,235
164
6
10,950
985
	
246
1,068
14,571
26,105
60
133
456
1,022
2
5
4,978,745
5,140,206
6,013
27,672
5,847
468
2,623
456
40,023
317,400
168,730
	
8,009
	
4,791
7,986
313
9,259
6,194
	
2,420
14,147,464
19,479,363
1,102,795
1,846,059
742,290
472,233
23,256
18,478
3,095,876
624,198
95,941
20,692
1,762,375
2,426,790
38,791,127
20,806,672
3,023,768
1,971,848
344,268,444
377,971,618
10,785,930
14,790,029
256,239,446
254,581.393
7.940.860
8.439.373
41,492,627
44,916,392
obtained the gold in one mining division, but did not sell the gold until reaching the Gold Commissioner's office
applying particularly to Vancouver and Victoria Mining Divisions. A 20
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE IX.
a.—Production
in Detail op Placer Gold, Lode
Districts and Divisions.
Year.
Tons.
Gold—Placer.
Gold—Lode.
Silver.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
1932
1933
$
$
$
30
30
8,040
11,299
37
251
357
200
155,684
265,751
727
5,891
6,877
4,690
218
103
5,117
2,946
86
64
24
Liard
1,740,300
1,540,187
221,828
187,164
6
1,629
3,323
4,382
76,049
50,089
3
1,298
77,991
125,325
1,784,870
1,432,545
70
37,123
255,940
257,854
1.580,305
1,029,606
2
357
81,061
97,553
500,508
389,529
36
76
18
65
3
2
704
1,802
352
1,516
47
57
1
135
400
53
1,516
25
10
4,155
4,897
3,338
2,772
627
699
588
300
80,697
115,172
04,925
65,179
12,157
16,445
11,376
7,004
19,769
7,660
219,076
823
311
8
26
7
82
164
2,345
3
15
1
6
	
	
.    9
34
972
1,053
398
63
83
249
1,056
1,487
1,619
5,863
390
119
3,403
18
7
43
194
5,549
26,456
3,720
3,412
3,627
386
2,005
529
19.218
3,144
414
427
1,367
1,799
1
451,046
89,919
9,717
12,212
32,084
51,451
23
131,713
3,005
595,470
558,472
203
2,695
14,461
41,716
1,137
180
250
o
3,474
5,891
47
188,595
211,286
64
1,020
270
300
5,210
7,093
4,580
1,440,520
1,401,101
543
652
10,591
15,329
4,418,S52
4,921,950
1 399 523
12
343
1,862,112
35
6
11
28
32
829
117
257
540
743
35,612
43
53,846
8,168
2
47
2,587
248
783
30
23
13,740
44,051
6
12
17
19
9,631
23,289
141
343
399
543
226,039
660,066
18,845
47,240
1,370
638
33,535
48,334
5,968
17,872
434
241
153
152
4
7
7
71
9 08
281
76
50
2,957
3,575
71
172
141
1,659
17,632
6,607
1,455
1,173
10,621
18,286
505
11,960
1,489
9,313
34,947
266,352
641
12,273
203
4,643
13
1
13
2
305
57
2
1
2
2
8
2
188
57
7
7
2
4
1
25
IS
15
86
23
600
352
343
3
8
29
13
49
305
1,401
28
31
9
12
2
6
293
407
199
225
128
320
224
105
21
107
47
143
5,633
9,581
3,849
5,291
2,464
7,522
4,319
2,459
399
2,517
	
82,657
154,242
25
60,540
108,298
28
1,420,874
3,097,323
657
11,778
24,668
3,730
9,333
657
148
330
344
9,438
8,074
638
79
241
25
809.264
622,718
8,873
12,819
208,249
366,624
59,352
42,792
18,798
16,189
1932
1933
4,340,158
4,030.778
20,400
23.928
395,542
562,787
181,564
223,529
4,261.307
6,392,929
7,130,838
7,006,406
2,258,453
2,650,720
NOTE.—The above table is published to serve as a record to show gold  (fine ounces) valued at average prices for 1932 and
was $28.60.     In the Annual Reports for 1932 and 1933 the old standard price was used and should be noted when reference THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 21
Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in 1932 and 1933.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
Totals for Divisions.
Totals for
Districts.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
1932.
1933.
1933.
$
$
$
$
$
$
4,951,883
160,828
268,721
727
5,891
6,877
4,690
38,293,437
2,443,198
2,565,678
2,293
2,218
2,602,250
34,416,459
2,788,556
35.933
1,127,932
731,435
23,840
17,493
2,311,511
29,749
2,400
77
1,841,862
775
53
4
39,064
352
3,042
47
57
425,598
80,697
334,559
64,925
65,179
12,322
18,796
11,376
7,064
17,967
7,762
186
1,206
39
1,595
1,056
4,897
1,619
848
63
11,475
406,404
13,402
855
198.955
7,215
303,950
381,175
131,581
112
4,205
172
6,424
9,116
2,781
3
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16.498
462.626
516,202
9,682
529
11,129
16,575
507,504
91,757
1,349
86
219,425
255,080
34,976
52,474
22,458
540
10,353
7,093
15,376,907
251,308,444
260,369,484
5,311,655
6,226,996
190,427.427
180,116,639
4,580.922
5,782,645
11,302,691
13,887,425
829
117
8,108.250
20,949
193,917
443
6,270,700
8,661
201,321
209
415,866
3,826
743
	
116,146
329,095
2,455
7,871
22,892
106,716
551
3,426
9,115
	
29,512
	
833
784
616,145
698,904
13,023
16,715
773,548
987,070
18.608
31,689
271,248
730,331
71
172
35,291
24,713
486
12
825
27
297,406
17,632
6,607
1,760
46
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1,232
4,391,165
190
146
23
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666
1,756
  ..1  	
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  1  	
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1,430,237
	
3,116,237
4,506
	
5,291
2,464
12
17,213
12,418
2,459
399
2,517
11,496,888
7,829,221
733,524
583,653
664,850
972,107
14,052
23,249
974,623
7,945.435
255.088
1,244,803
49,841,009
42,608,002
3.179,956
3,176.341
254,488,952
271.606,071
5.378,878
6,495,731
192,120,091
195,963.751
4.621,641
6.291.416
20,095,777
	
25,569,924
25,569,924
to value is contemplated. A 22
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
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Vancouver a A 24
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1936.
TABLE
XII
-British
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Mine
Production,
1895
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cDOioioioioicncno) THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 25
TABLE XIII.-
-Production of Lode Mines
in British Columbia,
1913-1936.
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ID A 26
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE XIV.—Coal Production per Year to Date.*
Tons. Value. Tons. Value.
(2,240 1b.) (2,240 1b.)
1836-1885.      3,029,011 $9,468,557                        1912    2,628,804 $9,200,814
1886        326,636 979,908                        1913.  2,137,483 7,481,190
1887. _        413,360 1,240,080                       1914  1,810,967 6,338,385
1888..        489,301 1,467,903                        1915 -  1,611,129 5,638,952
1889          579,830 1,739,490                       1916  2,084,093 7,294,325
1890         678,140 2,034,420                        1917  — 2,149,975 7,524,913
1891     1,029,097 3,087,291                        1918   2,302,245 11,511,225
1892  _       826,335 2,479,005                        1919   2,267,541 11,337,705
1893        978,294 2,934,882                       1920   2,595,125 12,975,626
1894      1,012,953 3,038,859                        1921   2,483,995 12,419,975
1895..         939,654 2,818,962                        1922   2,511,843 12,559,215
1896         896,222 2,688,666                       1923- _   2,453,223 12,266,115
1897        882,854 2,648,562                        1924  _ 1,939,526 9,697,630
1898     1,135,865 3,407,595                        1925  2,328,522 11,642,610
1899     1,306,324 3,918,972                        1926  2,330,036 11,650,180
1900     1,439,595 4,318,785                        1927..   2,453,827 12,269,135
1901.       1,460,331 4,380,993                        1928 - 2,526,702 12,633,510
1902      1,397,394 4,192,182                        1929  2,251,252 11,256,260
1903     1,168,194 3,504,582                        1930.  1,887,130 9,435,650
1904      1,253,628 3,760,884                        1931   1,707,590 7,684,156
1905     1,384,312 4,152,936                        1932    1,534,975 6,523,644
1906       1,517,303 4,551,909                        1933 _  1,264,746 6,375,171
1907     1,800,067 6,300,235                        1934  1,347,090 5,725,133
1908     1,677,849 6,872,472                        1935..   - 1,187,968 5,048,864
1909      2,006,476 7,022,666                       1936  1,346,471 5,722,502
1910     2,800,046 9,800,161 ■             	
1911     2,193,062 7,675,717                              Totals  85,764,391 $340,699,557
* For all years to 1925   (inclusive)   figures are net coal production and do not include coal made into coke;   subsequent figures are entire coal production, including coal made into coke.
TABLE XV.—Coke Production prom Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia
from 1895 to 1925.
Tons.
(2,240 lb.)
       19,396
1898 (estimated)      35,000
1895-97-
34,251
85,149
127,081
128,015
165,543
238,428
271,785
199,227
222,913
247,399
258,703
218,029
1911   66,005
1912  264,333
1899-
1900.
1901..
1902.
1903.
1904.
1905.
1906..
1907-
1908.
1909.
1910..
Value.
$96,980
175,000
171,255
425,745
635,405
640,075
827,715
1,192,140
1,358,925
996,135
1,337,478
1,484,394
1,552,218
1,308,174
396,030
1,585,998
1913.
1914..
1915..
1916-
1917-
1918-
1919-
1920.
1921..
1922.
1923-
1924-
1925..
Tons.
Value.
(2,2401b.)
286,045
$1,716,270
234,577
1,407,462
245,871
1,475,226
267,725
1,606,350
159,905
959,430
188,967
1,322,769
91,138
637,966
67,792
474,544
59,434
416,038
45,836
320,846
58,919
412,433
30,615
214,305
75,185
526.295
Totals— - -4,393,255
$25,673,600
TABLE XVI.—Coke and By-products Production of British Columbia, 19-35 and 1936.
Description.
Quantity.
Value.
1936.
Quantity.
Value.
Coal used in making coke, long tons	
Coke made in bee-hive ovens, long tons	
Coke made in by-product ovens, long tons..
Coke made in gas plants, long tons	
Total coke made, long tons	
Gas made, purchased, and sold - _
Tar produced  	
Other by-products-
114,104
Total production value of coke industry..
$494,492
24,170
13,316
41,177
$160,565
109,684
160,694
78,663
$430,943
1,430,057
44,876
3,081
$1,908,957
112,348
30,370
43,632
74,002
$436,595
$191,843
138,787
$330,630
1,422,783
38,872
$1,792,285 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 27
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1936.
Lode-gold Mines.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Arlington.~
Athabasca -
Bralorne.	
Belmont-Surf Inlet	
Cariboo Gold Quartz.
Cariboo-MeKinney	
Canadian Pacific Exploration-
Centre Star  „	
Fern    „
Goodenough   	
Island  Mountain- __	
I.X.L      _
Erie ~	
Nelson	
Bridge River— -	
Princess Royal Island _
Wells 	
Camp McKinney	
Nelson 	
Rossland  	
Nelson 	
Ymir, _..
Wells. _ .....
Jewel-Denero-	
Le Roi Mining Co...
Le Roi No. 2 	
Lome 	
Nickel Plate-	
Pioneer  —.	
Poorman	
Premier.	
Queen  	
Relief 	
Reno 	
Rossland	
Greenwood	
Rossland	
Rossland ___
Bridge River-
Hedley 	
Sheep Creek Mines, Ltd.
Sunset No. 2 —
War Eagle 	
Motherlode 	
Ymir Gold _	
Ymir Yankee Girl 	
Miscellaneous mines	
Bridge  River-
Nelson	
Premier 	
Sheep Creek...
Erie 	
Sheep Creek __
Sheep Creek ._
Rossland	
Rossland _ __.
Sheep Creek __
Ymir 	
Ymir 	
Total, lode-gold mines.
Gold.
Gold.
Gold.
Gold
Gold .
Gold_
GoId._
Gold..
Gold.
Gold-
Gold ..
Gold..
Gold.
Gold-
Gold..
Gold.
Gold-
Gold..
Gold.
Gold-
Gold.
Gold_
Gold.
Gold..
Gold.
Gold.
Gold.
Gold.
Gold-
Gold .
$42,678
25,000
1,486,150
1,437,500
133,331
565,588
37,500
472,255
15,000
13,931
105,072
131,633
11,751
1,475,000
1,574,640
20,450
3,423,191
5,130,193
25,000
18,858,075
85,000
5,000
474,840
112,500
115,007
1,245,250
162,500
300,000
111,250
23,530
$37,618,815
The gold-copper properties of Rossland are included in this table.
Silver-lead-zinc Mines.
Antoine  	
Beaverdell-Wellington-
Bell-      	
Bosun (Rosebery-Surprise) _
Capella  	
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of Canada, Ltd.
Couverapee  	
Duthie Mines, Ltd.—
Florence Silver __
Goodenough 	
H.B.  Mining  Co	
Highland Lass, Ltd..
Highland-Bell, Ltd.-
Horn Silver	
Idaho-Alamo 	
Iron Mountain   (Emerald).
Jackson  	
Last Chance  	
Lone Batchelor —	
Lucky Jim — -	
Mercury -	
Meteor.  	
Carried forward..
Rambler	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell	
New Denver.-
New Denver .
Trail	
Field 	
Smithers	
Ains worth	
Cody—	
Hall Creek.	
Beaverdell	
Beaverdell	
Similkameen..
Sandon _
Salmo.	
Retallack	
Three Forks .
Sandon—	
Three Forks ..
Sandon ___
Slocan  City-
Silver'
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver
Silver-
Silver
Silver
Silver
Silver'
Silver-
Silver
Silver
Silver
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
Silver-
■lead-zinc
•lead-zinc
-lead-zinc
-lead-zinc
lead-zinc
-lead-zinc
•lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
•lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
-lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
■lead-zinc
$10,000
79,200
476,297
27,500
5,500
60,211,325
5,203
50,000
35,393
45,668
8,904
132,464
14,803
6,000
400,000
20,000
20,000
213,109
50,000
80,000
6,000
10,257 A 28                           REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1936—Continued.
Silver-lead-zinc Mines—Continued.
Company or Mine.
Locality.
Class.
Amount
paid.
Three Forks	
Cody	
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc 	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc 	
Silver-lead-zinc 	
Silver-lead-zinc 	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
27,500
Mountain Con ,  _ 	
71,387
Three Forks   ,	
Cody    	
33,694
72,859
North Star _ _      	
6,754
107,928
1,438,000
33,810
25,000
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc —
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc	
Silver-lead-zinc..—	
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc 	
Silver-lea d-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
Silver-lead-zinc
575,000
Cody 	
332,492
165,000
Moyie  	
Sandon ,	
566,000
725,000
11,600
Sandon—  w—
Ainsworth. _	
567,500
Spokane-Trinket - -   -	
9,564
2,700,000
88,000
Kaslo.. —	
64,000
Wallace Mines, Ltd.   (Sally)
135,000
Washington — • _ —	
38,000
Retallack —	
592,515
70,237
$70,861,364
Copper Mines.
Britannia M. & S. Co.* - - —	
Copper 	
Copper..— -	
Copper..— - -
Copper	
Copper— ., 	
Copper 	
Copper 	
$6,552,578
Greenwood 	
Texada Island	
615,399
8,500
Granby Cons   M.S. & P. Co.f         	
8,025,471
Texada Island  -	
Nelson -.
175,000
Hall Mines -     ' 	
160,000
260,770
Total, copper mines.	
$15,797,718
* The Howe Sound Company is the holding company for the Britannia mine in British Columbia and other mines
in Mexico and the State of Washington.    Dividends paid by the Howe Sound Company are therefore derived from all
operations, and in the foregoing table the dividends credited to the Britannia mine have been paid by the Britannia
Mining and Smelting Company, Limited, none being credited subsequent to 1930.    In making comparison with yearly
totals the amounts credited to the Howe Sound Company have been deducted for the years shown, so the total in the
annual report concerned will show the higher figure.
f The amount shown to the credit of the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and Power Company, Limited,
does not include the sum of $6,749,996 paid by the company during 1935 and 1936 as a distribution or repayment of
capital, subsequent to the closing-down of its operations at Anyox and the company going into voluntary liquidation.
Operations ceased at Anyox in August, 1935.    The company since that date has revived its business charter and will
conduct operations at Allenby, B.C.
The term " Miscellaneous " noted in each class of dividend covers all payments of $5,000 and under, together with
payments made by companies or individuals requesting that the item be not disclosed.
In compiling the foregoing table of dividends paid, the Department wishes to acknowledge the kind assistance
given by companies, individuals, and trade journals in giving information on the subject. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 29
TABLE XVII.—Dividends paid by Mining Companies, 1897-1936—Continued.
Coal.
Wellington Collieries, Ltd., Nanaimo  $16,000,000
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd., Fernie     11,733,456
Total $27,733,456
Miscellaneous and Structural.
Various   $1,376,600
Aggregate of all Classes.
  $37,618,815
  70,861,364
Copper-mining   15,797,718
Coal-mining   27,733,456
Miscellaneous and structural  1,376,600
Lode-gold mining	
Silver-lead-zinc mining
Total..
Dividends paid during 1927-1936, inclusive.
Year. Amount paid.
1927  $8,816,681
1928    9,572,536
1929 11,263,118
1930 10,543,500
1931  4,650,857
1932  2,786,958
Year.
1933.
1934 .
1935 -
1936 -
$153,387,953
Amount paid.
. $2,471,735
4,745,905
7,386,070
10,513,705
Total $72,751,065
Dividends paid during 1935 and 1936.
Company.
Beaverdell-Wellington
Bell Mines, Ltd. 	
Bralorne Mines, Ltd.
Cariboo Gold Quartz Mines, Ltd	
The Consolidated Mining and Smelting Co. of
Canada, Ltd. 	
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd	
Highland Bell, Ltd. 	
Highland Lass, Ltd.	
Island Mountain Mines, Ltd.	
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd	
Premier Gold Mining Co, Ltd	
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd	
Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Ltd	
Ymir Yankee Girl Mines, Ltd	
Others  .	
1935.
$36,000
50:,501
300,000
4,232,452
372,708
52,369
1,401,400
650,000
255,683
34,957
1936.
$18,000
25,403
561,150
133,331
6,515,943
434,826
14,803
Totals-
$7,386,070
106,072
1,401,400
800,000
219,157
112,500
111,250
60,870
$10,513,705 A 30
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1936.
TABLE XVIII.-
—Capital employed, Salaries and Wages, Fuel and Electricity, and
Mineral Survey District and Class.
Capital
employed.
Salaries
and Wages.
Fuel and
Electricity.
Process
Supplies.
No. 1, North-western—
$
6,904,335
148,361
$
953,070
166,451
$
41,531
18,987
321,002
11,729
Coal-mining.	
178,308
12,881
16,816
2,903
Totals  - 	
7,231,004
1,132,402
77,334
335,634
No. 2, North-eastern—
Lode-mining     	
3,393,608
3,914,498
37,112
550
604,720
433,668
28,676
71,893
33,176
142,831
14,962
Totals  	
7,345,768
1,067,064
105,069
157,793
No. 3, Central—
Lode-mining —	
1,449,210
107,131
123,737
228,947
25,932
166,526
22,600
92,931
49,503
5,404
24,526
750
6,663
10,793
959
47,816
200
Miscellaneous	
1,919
25
Totals   ■	
1,934,987
336,964
43,691
49,960
No. 4, Southern—
Lode-mining 	
4,829,310
12,000
2,875,597
594,549
2,578
389,481
53,482
247,423
Coal-mining	
62,691
165
1,200
1,912
55
Totals   	
7,716,907
987,808
118,085
247,643
No. 5, Eastern—
63,912,659
48,400
6,343,164
498,049
33,284
7,508,670
17,437
793,788
48,694
5,065
1,399,520
684
26,165
632
522
1,920,000
3,711
Placer-mining 	
Totals	
70,835,556
8,373,654
1,727,523
1,923,853
No. 6, Western—
18,894,236
524,552
10,757,686
15,246,809
2,175,560
2,778,648
7,490
2,317,298
497,723
388,568
241,395
62
210,301
129,834
70,850
1,488,723
12
Placer-mining—- - 	
163,802
67,081
Totals 	
47,598,843
5,989,727
652,442
1,719,618
Grand totals, 1936	
Grand totals, 1935  	
142,663,065
143,239,953
17,887,619
16,753,367
2,724,144
2,619,639
4,434,501
4,552,730
Note.—The above figures, compiled from returns on the subject made by companies and individuals, illustrate
the amount of capital employed in the mining industry in 1936, the amount of money distributed in salaries and
wages, fuel and electricity, and process supplies (explosives, chemicals, drill-steel, lubricants, etc.).
Capital employed includes: Present cash value of the land (excluding minerals) ; present value of buildings,
fixtures, machinery, tools, and other equipment; inventory value of materials on hand, ore in process, fuel and
miscellaneous supplies on hand; inventory value of finished products on hand; operating capital (cash, bills and
accounts receivable, prepaid expenses, etc.). THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 31
TABLE XIX.—Tonnage, Number of Mines, Net and Gross Value of Lode Minerals,
1901-1936.
District.
Year.
Tonnage.
No. of Shipping-mines.
No. of Mines
Shipping
over 100
Tons.
Net Value
to Shipper of
Lode Minerals
produced.
Gross Value
of Lode
Minerals
produced.
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
1916
1917
1918
1919
1920
1921
1922
1923
1924
1925
1926
1927
1928
1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1936
1936
1936
1936
1936
920,416
998,999
1,286,176
1,461,609
1,706,679
1,963,872
1,804,114
2,083,606
2,057,713
2,216,428
1,770,755
2,688,532
2,663,809
2,175,971
2,690,110
3,188,865
2,761,579
2,892,849
2,112,975
2,178,187
1,562,645
1,573,186
2,421,839
3,397,105
3,849,269
4,775,073
5,416,021
6,241,310
6,977,681
6,803,846
5,549,103
4,340,158
4,030,778
5,087,334
4,916,149
228,321
95,419
37,273
138,649
2,242,681
1,714,178
119
124
125
142
146
154
147
108
89
83
80
86
110
98
132
169
193
175
144
121
80
98
77
86
102
138
132
110
106
68
44
75
109
145
177
20
3
7
35
82
21
78
75
74
76
79
77
72
59
52
50
45
51
58
56
59
81
87
80
74
60
35
33
28
37
40
55
52
49
48
32
22
29
47
69
72
10
2
3
16
29
10
$14,100,282
11,581 153
12,103,237
12,909 035
15,980 164
18,484,102
17,316,847
15,847 411
15,451,141
14,728,731
11,454,063
17,662,766
17,190,838
15,225 061
19,992,149
31,483,014
26,788,474
27,590,278
19,750,498
19,444,365
12,920,398
19,227,857
25,347,092
35,538,247
46,200 135
No. 1 District	
$38,558,613
27,750,364
29,070,075
34,713,887
21,977,688
9,513,931
7,075,393
13,976,368
20,243,278
25,407,914
2,065,699
1,286,690
285,514
1,739,428
17,511,877
7,086,400
51,508,031
44,977,082
48,281,825
51,174,859
40,915,395
22,535,573
19,700,235
25,007,137
33,895,930
40,597,569
No. 2 District	
No. 3 District	
No. 5 District	
No. 6 District	
Totals	
1936
1901-1936
4,456,521
113,021,268
168
70
$29,975,608
$43,666,452
916,577,426 A 32
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE XX.—Men employed in the Mining Industry of British Columbia, 1901-1936.
Struc
Lode-mining.
Coal-mining.
tural
ba
a
RIALS.
to
3
a
S
a
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a
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CS
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a
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1901
2,736
1,212
3,948
3,041
931
3,974
7,922
1902
2,219
1,126
3,345
3,101
910
4,011
7,35 6
1903
1,662
1,088
2,750
3,137
1,127
4,264
7,014
1904
2,143
1,163
3,306
3,278
1,175
4,453
7,759
1905
2,470
1,240
3.710
3,127
1,280
4,407
8,117
1906
2,680
1,303
3,983
3,415
1,390
4,805
8,788
1907
2,704
1,239
3,943
2,862
907
3,769
7,712
1908
2,567
1,127
3,694
4,432
1,641
6,073
9,767
1909
2,184
1,070
3,254
4,713
1,705
6,418
9,672
1910
2,472
1,237
3,709
5,903
1,855
7.758
11,467
1911
2,435
1,159
3,594
5,212
1,661
6,873
10,467
1912
2,472
1,364
3,837
5,275
1,855
7,130
10,967
1913
2,773
1,505
4,278
4,950
1,721
6,671
10,949
1914
2,741
1,433
4,174
4,267
1,465
5,732
9,906
1915
2,709
1,435
4.144
3,708
1,283
4,991
9,135
1916
3,357
2,036
5,393
3,694
1,366
5.060
10,453
1917
3,290
2,198
5.488
3,760
1,410
5,170
10,658
1918
2,626
1,764
4,390
3,658
1,769
5,247
9,637
1919
2,513
1,746
4,259
4,145
1,821
5,966
10,225
1920
2,074
1,605
3,679
4,191
2,158
6,349
10.02S
1921
1,355
975
2,330
4,722
2,163
6,885
9,215
1922
1,510
1,239
2,749
4,712
1,932
6,644
9,393
1923
2,102
1,516
3,618
4,342
1,807
6,149
9,767
1924
2,353
1,680
4,033
3,894
1,524
5,418
9,451
1925
2,298
2,840
5,138
3,828
1,615
5,443
10,581
1926
299
2,606
1,735
4,341
808
2,461
3,757
1,565
5,322
493
324
124
14,172
1927
415
2,671
1,916
4,587
854
2,842
3,646
1,579
5,225
647
138
122
14,830
1928
355
2,707
2,469
5,176
911
2,748
3,814
1,520
5,334
412
368
120
15.424
1929
341
2,926
2,052
4,978
966
2,948
3,675
1,353
5,028
492
544
268
15,565
1930
425
2,316
1,260
3,576
832
3,197
3,389
1,256
4,645
843
344
170
14,032
1931
688
1,463
834
2,297
581
3,157
2,957
1,125
4,082
460
526
380
12,171
1932
874
1,355
900
2,255
542
2,036
2,628
980
3,608
536
329
344
10,524
1933
1,134
1,786
1,335
3,121
531
2,436
2,241
853
3,094
376
269
408
11.369
1934
1,122
2,796
1,729
4,525
631
2,890
2,050
843
2,893
377
187
360
12.985
1935
1,291 | 2,740
1,497
4,237
907
2,771
2,145
826
2,971
536
270
754 | 13,737
No. 1 District....
1936
1936
71
989
1,146
332
No. 2 District	
50
7
14
No. 4 District	
1936
31 |     248
No. 5 District	
1936
54    1,140
2,678
191
492
2
278
590
220
6,152
4,560
No. 6 District	
1936
99 ] 1,020
627
1,647
151
1,204
469
1,673
1936
1,840
4,799
720 | 2,678
I
2,015
799
2,814
931
826 ] 14,180
I THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 33
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O O H A 38
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
TABLE XXII.—Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten
or more Men during 1936.
Shipping Mines.
I
Name of Mine or Company.
Days Operating.
Mine. Mill.
Average Number
of Men.
Mine.
Mill.
Mined.
Shipped.
Welldun	
Premier	
Edye Pass...
Surf Inlet—
Surf Point..
Granby 	
Easter	
Cariboo Gold	
Island Mountain..
Homestake	
Windpass	
Nicola Mines & Metals—
Fairview Amalgamated..
Osoyoos Mines, Ltd	
Hedley Mascot	
Kelowna Exploration-
Union	
Yankee Boy	
Dentonia  	
Highland Bell-
Sally^	
Wellington-	
Sullivan	
Mammoth	
Bayonne..	
Boulder City-
Granite— —
Kootenay Belle.	
Kootenay Ore Hill-
Relief Arlington	
Reno 	
Wesko  	
Ymir Yankee Girl...
Ymir Consolidated .
Sheep Creek Consolidated-
Meridian—  	
Allco	
Bralorne _	
Minto 	
Pioneer  	
Wayside   	
Vidette—  	
248
365
220
275
347
182
282
363
49
366
357
187
366
224
286
Ashloo Gold Mines Syndicate .
Britannia- —	
308
176
364
315
286
74
213
361
288
328
358
366
366
346
314
348
366
280
365
366
345
365
308
338
177
336
305
365
150
333
60
282
366
20
366
272
213
291
235
315
105
138
318
77
59
168
331
123
336
366
69
352
215
366
280
366
347
365
365
338
177
365
6
284
12
15
20
10
7'
214
116
8
58
37
19
20
39
95
2
10
43
18
10
19
621
28
39
14
16
55
25
71
99
40
85
21
91
39
10
302
50
274
38
79
6
32
5
7
7
13
13
2
7
7
5
7
23
63
17
234
4
2
2
7
1
15
21
4
19
4
10
8
1
18
12
27
9
6
4
69
4,425
192,442
112
5,540
15,215
52,000
51,634
43,649
1,103
17,579
18,954
12,960
7,500
30,265
64,594
20,174
389
11,612
1,972
74
701
1,910,619
9,088
2,666
703
1,414
21,864
427
34,776
42,751
6,043
43,149
11,816
54,967
27,273
99
167,264
29,392
154,881
38,000
12,202
2,774
1,311,835
4,425
192,442
112
4,569
15,215
5,004
52,000
51,760
43,649
1,103
16,683
18,954
12,960
7,110
29,962
64,854
20,174
389
11,612
1,972
74
701
1,901,476
9,485
2,666
703
1,414
15,508
427
25,462
42,705
6,043
43,378
11,816
54,967
27,273
99
167,264
29,271
145,847
37,535
12,352
2,774
1,311,835 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 39
TABLE XXII.—Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten
or more Men during 1936—Continued.
Non-shipping Mines.
Name of Mine or Company.
Days Operating.
Average Number
of Men.
Tonnage.
Mine.
Mill.
Mine.
Mill.
Mined.
Shipped.
242
365
365
365
305
180
350
365
209
309
198
365
314
27
171
21
26
30
10
36
14
12
22
11
41
10
10
15
	
	
Gold Belt	
B.R.X. (1935) Consolidated	
Federal Gold 	
Pilot Gold	
B.C. Nickel Mines, Ltd '	 A 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
SYNOPSIS OF MINING LAWS OF B.C.
Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal in their nature and compare favourably with those of any other part of the world. The terms under which both lode and placer
claims and placer leaseholds are held are such that a prospector is greatly encouraged in his
work, and the titles, especially for mineral claims and placer-mining leaseholds, are perfect.
The fees required to be paid are as small as possible, consistent with a proper administration of
the mining industry, and are generally lower than those commonly imposed elsewhere. Provision is also made for the formation of mining partnerships practically without expense, and
a party of miners is enabled to take advantage of these sections of the Acts so that such
miners may work their claims jointly.
Placer-mining leases are granted for a period of twenty years and are approximately 80
acres in size. On a lode claim of 51 acres the expenditure of $500 in work, which may be spread
over five years, is required to obtain a Crown grant, and surface rights are obtainable at a
small figure, in no case exceeding $5 per acre.
The following synopsis of the mining laws will be found sufficient to enable the miner
or intending investor to obtain a general knowledge of their scope and requirements; for
particulars, however, the reader is referred to the Acts relating to mining, which may be
obtained from any Mining Recorder, or from the Department of Mines or the King's Printer,
Victoria, B.C.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint-stock company, may obtain a free miner's
certificate on payment of the required fee.
The fee to an individual for a free miner's certificate is $5 for one year. To a joint-stock
company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a year is $50; if capitalized beyond
this, the fee is $100.
The free miners' certificates run from date of issue and expire on the 31st day of May next
after its date, or some subsequent 31st day of May (that is to say, a certificate may be taken
out a year or more in advance if desired). Certificates may be obtained for any part of a year,
terminating on May 31st, for a proportionately less fee.
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder to enter upon all lands of the Crown,
and upon any other lands on which the right to so enter is not specially reserved, for the
purpose of prospecting for minerals, locating claims, and mining.
A free miner can only hold, by location, one mineral claim on the same vein or lode, but
may acquire others by purchase. Under the " Placer-mining Act," a free miner may locate
one placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim or leasehold for each of
two free miners for whom he acts as agent, on any separate creek, river-bed, bar or dry
diggings.    Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired by purchase.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate to lapse, his mining property (if not
Crown-granted) reverts to the Crown (subject to the conditions set out in the next succeeding
paragraph), but where other free miners are interested as partners or co-owners the interest
of the defaulter becomes vested in the continuing co-owners or partners pro rata, according to
their interests.
Six months' extension of time within which to revive title in mining property which has
been forfeited through the lapse of a free miner's certificate is allowed. This privilege is
given only if the holder of the property obtains a special free miner's certificate within six
months after the 31st of May on which his ordinary certificate lapsed. The fee for this special
certificate in the case of a person is $15 and in that of a company $300.
It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such, in an incorporated mining company to be
the holder of a free miner's certificate. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 41
Mineral Claims.
Mineral claims are located and held under the provisions of the " Mineral Act."
A mineral claim is a piece of land not exceeding in area fifty-one and sixty-five one-
hundredths acres. The angles must be right angles unless the boundaries, or one of them, are
the same as those of a previously recorded claim.
No special privileges are allowed for the discovery of new mineral claims or districts.
A mineral claim is located by erecting three " legal posts," which are stakes having a
height of not less than 4 feet above ground and squared 4 inches at least on each face for not
less than a foot from the top. A tree-stump so cut and squared also constitutes a legal post.
A cairn of stones not less than 4 feet in height and not less than 1 foot in diameter 4 feet above
the ground may also be used as a legal post.
The " discovery post " is placed at the point where the mineral in place is discovered.
Nos. 1 and 2 posts are placed as near as possible on the line of the ledge or vein, shown by
the discovery post, and mark the boundaries of the claim. Upon each of these three posts
must be written the name of the claim, the name of the locator, and the date of location. On
No. 1 post, in addition, the following must be written:   "Initial post.    Direction of Post No.
2 [giving approximate compass bearing'] feet of this claim lie on the right and	
feet on the left of the line from No. 1 to No. 2 posts."
The location-line between Nos. 1 and 2 posts must be distinctly marked—in a timbered
locality by blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by monuments of earth
or rock not less than 2 feet in diameter at the base, and at least 2 feet high—so that the line
can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining Recorder's office for the mining division
in which they are situate within fifteen days from the date of location, one day extra being
allowed for each 10 miles of distance from the recording office after the first 10 miles. If a
claim is not recorded in time it is deemed abandoned and open for relocation, but if the original
locator wishes to relocate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the
district and upon the payment of a fee of $10. This applies also to a claim abandoned for
any reason whatever.
Mineral claims are, until the Crown grant is issued, held practically on a yearly lease,
a condition of which is that during such year assessment-work be performed on the same to the
value of at least $100, or a payment of such sum be made to the Mining Recorder. Such assessments must be recorded before the expiration of the year, or the claim is deemed abandoned.
If, however, the required assessment-work has been performed within the year, but not
recorded within that time, a free miner may, within thirty days thereafter, record such
assessment-work upon payment of an additional fee of $10. The actual cost of the survey of a
mineral claim, to an amount not exceeding $100, may also be recorded as assessment-work.
If, during any year, work is done to a greater extent than the required $100, any further sum
of $100—but not less—may he recorded and counted as further assessments; such excess
work must be recorded during the year in which it is performed. All work done on a mineral
claim between the time of its location and recording may be counted as work done during the
first period of one year from the recording. As soon as assessment-work to the extent of. $500
is recorded and a survey made of the claim, the owner of a mineral claim is entitled to a
Crown grant on payment of a fee of $25, and giving the necessary notices required by the Act.
Liberal provisions are also made in the Act for obtaining mill-sites and other facilities in the
way of workings and drains for the better working of claims.
Placer Claims.
Placer-mining is governed by the " Placer-mining Act," and by the interpretation clause
its scope is defined as " the mining of any natural stratum or bed of earth, gravel, or cement
mined for gold or other precious minerals or stones." Placer claims are of four classes, as
follows:—
" ' Creek diggings ':  any mine in the bed of any stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings ': any mine between high- and low-water marks on a river, lake, or other
large body of water:
" ' Dry diggings ':  any mine over which water never extends:
4 A 42 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
"' Precious-stone diggings ': any deposit of precious stones, whether in veins, beds, or
gravel deposits."
The following provisions as to extent of the various classes of claims are made by the
Act:—
" In ' creek diggings' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet long, measured in the
direction of the general course of the stream, and shall extend in width one thousand
feet, measured from the general course of the stream five hundred feet on either side
of the centre thereof:
" In ' bar diggings ' a claim shall be:—
"(a.)  A piece of land not exceeding two hundred and fifty feet square on any bar
which is covered at high water; or
"(6.)  A strip of land two hundred and fifty feet long at high-water mark, and in
i width extending from high-water mark to extreme low-water mark:
" In ' dry diggings' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet square."
The following provision is made for new discoveries of placer-mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discovers a new locality for .the prosecution of
placer-mining and such discovery be established to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner,
placer claims of the following sizes shall be allowed to such discoverers, namely:—
" To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length;
" To a party of two discoverers, two claims amounting together to 1,000 feet in length;
" And to each member of a party beyond two in number, a claim of the ordinary size only.
" The width of such claims shall be the same as ordinary placer claims of the same class:
Provided that where a discovery claim has been established in any locality no further discovery
shall be allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the watercourses."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible rectangular in form, and marked by four
legal posts at the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On each of such posts shall be
written the name of the locator, the number and date of issue of his free miner's certificate, the
date of the location, and the name given to the claim. In timbered localities boundary-lines of
a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and
the locator shall also erect legal posts not more than 125 feet apart on all boundary-lines. In
localities where there is no timber or underbrush, monuments of earth and rock, not less than
2 feet high and 2 feet in diameter at base, may be erected in lieu of the last-mentioned legal
posts, but not in the case of the four legal posts marking the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division
within which the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location thereof, if located within
10 miles of the office of the Mining Recorder by the most direct means of travel. One additional
day shall be allowed for every 10 miles additional or fraction thereof. The number of days
shall be counted inclusive of the days upon which such location was made, but exclusive of the
day of application for record. The application for such record shall be under oath and in the
form set out in the Schedule to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded within
the prescribed period shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
To hold a placer claim for more than one year it must be rerecorded before the expiration
of the record or rerecord.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner, or some one on his behalf, continuously, as
far as practicable, during working-hours. If work is discontinued for a period of seventy-two
hours, except during the close season, lay-over, leave of absence, sickness, or for some other
reason to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim is deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner upon proof being given to him that the
supply of water is insufficient to work the claim. Under similar circumstances he has also the
power to declare a close season, by notice in writing and published in the Gazette, for all or
any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain licences are also granted by him on the person
applying giving security for any damage that may arise. Grants of right-of-way for the construction of tunnels or drains across other claims are also granted on payment of a fee of $25,
the owner of the claims crossed having the right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may
be constructed. These tolls, however, are, so far as the amount goes, under the discretion of
the Gold Commissioner. Co-owners and Partnerships.
In both the " Mineral " and " Placer-mining " Acts provision is made for the formation of
mining partnerships, both of a general and limited liability character. These are extensively
taken advantage of and have proved very satisfactory in their working. Should a co-owner
fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required as assessment-work on
a claim he may be " advertised out," and his interest in the claim shall become vested in his
co-owners who have made the required expenditure, pro rata according to their former
interests.
It should not be forgotten that if any co-owner permits his free miner's certificate to lapse,
the title of his associates is not prejudiced, but his interest reverts to the remaining co-owners;
provided that said co-owner has not taken advantage of the six months' period of grace allowed
for the taking-out of a special free miner's certificate, thus reviving the title to his interest.
Placer-mining Leases.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands approximately 80 acres in extent may be granted
by the Gold Commissioner of the district after location has been made by staking along a
" location-line " not more than one-half a mile (2,640 feet) in length. In this line one bend,
or change of direction, is permitted. Where a straight line is followed two posts only are
necessary—namely, an " initial post " and a " final post." Where there is a change of direction
a legal post must be placed to mark the point of the said change. The leasehold is allowed
a width not in excess of one-quarter mile (1,320 feet), and the locator, both on his " initial
post" and in his notice of intention to apply, which is posted at the office of the Mining
Recorder, is required to state how many feet are included in the location to the right and
how many feet to the left of the location-line.
That section of the Act dealing with the staking of placer-mining leases follows:—
" 105a. (1.) For the purpose of locating a placer leasehold, a line to be known as the
' location-line' shall be marked on the ground by placing a legal post at each end, one post
to be known as the ' Initial post' and the other as the ' Final post.' The direction of the
location-line may change at not more than one point throughout its length, and an intermediate
legal post shall be placed at the point at which the direction changes. The total length of the
location-line, following its change of direction (if any), shall not exceed two thousand six
hundred and forty feet.
"(2.) Upon the initial post and the final post shall be written the words 'Initial Post'
and ' Final Post' respectively, together with the name of the locator and the date of the
location. On the initial post shall also be written the approximate compass-bearing of the
final post, and a statement of the number of feet of the leasehold lying on the right and on the
left of the location-line, as viewed from the initial post, not exceeding in the aggregate a width
of thirteen hundred and twenty feet, thus:  ' Direction of Final Post, , feet of
this claim lie on the right and feet on the left of the location-line.'    In addition to the
foregoing, where there is a change of direction in the location-line as marked on the ground,
the number ' 1 ' shall be written on the initial post; the nuihber ' 2 ' shall be written on the
intermediate post; and the number ' 3 ' shall be written on the final post There also shall be
affixed to the initial post a notice to the following effect, namely: ' Application will be made
under the " Placer Mining Act" for a lease of the ground within this location.'
"(3.) The location-line shall at the time of location be marked between the legal posts
throughout its length so that it can be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality, by blazing trees
and cutting underbrush, and in a locality where there is neither timber nor underbrush, by
placing legal posts or monuments of earth or stones not less than two feet high and not less
than two feet in diameter at the base, so that the location-line can be distinctly seen.
"(4.) Where, from the nature or shape of the surface of the ground, it is impracticable
to mark the location-line of a leasehold as provided by this section, the leasehold may be located
by placing legal posts as witness-posts, as near as possible to the location-line, and writing on
each witness-post the distance and compass-bearing of some designated point on the location-
line from the witness-post; and the distances and compass-bearing so written on the witness-
posts shall be set out in the application for the lease and in any lease granted thereon. A 44
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
"(5.)  The locator shall, within thirty days after the date of the location, post a notice in
Form 1 in the office of the Mining Recorder, which notice shall set out:—
" (a.)  The name of the intending applicant or each applicant if more than one, and the
numbers of their free miners' certificates:
The date of the location:
The number of feet lying to the right and left of the location-line, and the
approximate area or size of the ground.
The words written on the initial post and final post shall be set out in full in the notice; and
as accurate a description as possible of the ground to be acquired shall be given, having special
reference to any prior locations it may join, and the general locality of the ground to be
acquired.
Examples of Various Methods of laying out Placer Leaseholds.
"(6.)
"(c.)
Showing Areas secured with Location-lines of Various Lengths.
Final Post-v^
O
CM
1 r-°—
660     <
660
i>!
c 1
jiv
lO
c't
0|«5
-   C\l
*J 1
10
o 1
0 |
_)
660'   1
1 , 0—
660'
^Final Po5t
400'|
920'
O
o
Location    L>ne
2300'
4O0'|
1          o—
9ZO'
o
o
tO
CM
Initial   Post
Initial Post'
"(6.) The location and area of the placer leasehold shall be determined by establishing its
end lines running from or through the initial post and from or through the final post, at right
angles to the course of the location-line at those posts, respectively; and by establishing its
side-line parallel to the course or courses of the location-line, and distant one thousand three
hundred and twenty feet from each other."
Another provision is that there must be affixed to the " initial post " and to the " final post "
a numbered metal identification tag furnished by the Mining Recorder with each free miner's THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 45
certificate issued. These tags may be attached to the posts, or placed in a container within a
cairn, either at the time of location or some time during the succeeding year, but must be so
placed before the Mining Recorder will grant the first certificate of work in respect of the
leasehold.
The annual rental on a placer-mining lease is $30, and the amount to be expended annually
on development-work is $250.
Dredging leases on rivers for 5 miles below low-water mark are also granted. Section 122
of the Act establishes a definite method of staking such mining ground. Authority also has
been given for the granting of placer-mining leases for dredging purposes in locations other
than has been defined.
For more detailed information the reader is referred to the complete " Placer-mining Act,"
which may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
Table of Fees, Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
Individual free miner's certificate, annual fee  $5.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less), annual fee  50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital over $100,000), annual fee  100.00
Recording mineral or placer claim   2.50
Recording certificate of work, mineral claim   2.50
Rerecord of placer claim  2.50
Recording lay-over   2.50
Recording abandonment, mineral claim   10.00
Recording abandonment, placer claim  i  2.50
Recording any affidavit under three folios  2.50
Per folio over three, in addition  .30
Records in " Records of Conveyances," same as affidavits.
Filing documents, " Mineral Act "  .25
Filing documents, " Placer-mining Act "   1.00
Recording certificate of work, placer-mining lease  2.50
For Crown grant of mineral rights under " Mineral Act "  25.00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under " Mineral Act "  10.00
For every lease under " Placer-mining Act "  5.00
Provisional Free Miners' Certificates (Placer) Act.
This Act was passed at the 1932 session of the Provincial Legislature and provides for the
issuance of " provisional free miners' certificates " for the locating, recording, representing, and
working of placer claims of a size, and according to the terms, and in the manner set out in
Parts II. and III. of the " Placer-mining Act." Any person over 18 years of age who has
resided in the Province continuously for a period of not less than six months prior to date of
his application may, on application accompanied by a statutory declaration or other satisfactory evidence as to his age and period of residence in the Province, obtain from any Gold
Commissioner or Mining Recorder a provisional free miner's certificate. No fees are payable
in respect of such certificate, and it abolishes the fees payable in respect of the recording or
rerecording of placer claims, but no record or rerecord of a claim shall be granted for a longer
period than one year without the payment of fees. It should be pointed out that the provisional
free miner's certificate does not carry the privileges of an ordinary free miner's certificate as
to the staking and working of placer-mining leases or mineral claims.
An amendment passed at the 1933 session of the Legislative Assembly gives the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council, as a means of unemployment relief, power to make provision for the establishment, equipment, maintenance, and operation of one or more placer training camps at
suitable locations, at which unemployed persons who hold provisional free miners' certificates
and are British subjects may acquire knowledge and training in the art of placer-mining and
may be afforded gainful work in the recovery of minerals by placer-mining. Reserves for the
location of such camps shall not exceed one mile in length by one-half a mile in width, and the
right is given to enter into agreements with private holders under the Act for the development
of their ground by means of unemployment relief camps. A 46 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
Mines Development Act.
When it is shown to the satisfaction of the Minister of Mines that ore-bodies exist in
quantity and of commercial value sufficient to warrant the expenditure of public moneys, the
Minister of Mines may authorize the expenditure of so much of the public money as may be
required for the construction, reconstruction, or repair of trails, roads, and bridges to facilitate
the operation and development of such mineral or placer claims.
Furthermore, the Minister of Mines may authorize the expenditure of public money
towards the building or repairing of trails and bridges in or to any mineral district for the
purpose of facilitating the exploration of the mineral resources of the district, such expenditure not to exceed 50 per cent, of the cost of the work. If such roads, trails, or bridges have
been built by any person or company having mining interests in the district, the Minister of
Mines may refund to such person a portion, not exceeding 50 per cent, of the cost of such
construction.
Mineral Survey and Development Act.
Part I.—Mineral Survey.
A mineral survey of the Province has been established, to be carried on continuously and
records thereof kept.
For this purpose the Province has been divided into Mineral Survey Districts, and there
are five Resident Engineers who, with such assistance as is necessary, devote their whole time
to carrying out the provisions of this Act, reporting direct to the Minister.
Part II.—Aid to Prospectors.
The Resident Engineer in each district shall aid prospectors, as far as practicable:—
(a.) By giving information as to mineral indications and as to ground open for
location as mineral claims or placer claims as a result of knowledge gained
during the carrying-out of the mineral survey of his district:
(6.) By examining samples and applying such tests as may be possible on the ground
or in his office and advising as to the nature of any mineral and as to the best
available methods of analysis, sampling, assay, and test:
(c.) By forwarding samples to the Minister of Mines for further examination and
tests whenever in his opinion such course is necessary or expedient:
(d.) By reporting to the Minister of Mines the location and approximate cost of
such roads, trails, and bridges as in his opinion are reasonably necessary in
order to render possible the development of any mineral resoures;   and
(e.) Generally, by giving such advice, information, and directions as may be of
assistance to miners and prospectors within his district.
Part III.—Protection of Wage-earners.
1. Every person giving or making a working bond or a lease, with or without any option
for sale, of any mining property shall insert therein a provision that during the currency of
the bond or lease all free miners and wage-earners employed on or about the mining property
shall be paid their wages semi-monthly, and shall demand and receive a letter, to be procured
by the holder of the bond or lease from a Gold Commissioner or Government Agent or Mining
Recorder, stating that security for such wages has been given pursuant to this section, otherwise the person giving or making the bond or lease shall be under personal liability to pay all
such wages.
2. Every person taking a right or option to work or purchase any mining property shall
furnish to the nearest Gold Commissioner, or Government Agent, or Mining Recorder adequate
security from time to time for the payment semi-monthly of the wages of all free miners and
wage-earners employed on or about the mining property, on the terms that every such security
shall be forthwith realized and payment of wages made upon any default; and every Gold
Commissioner, Government Agent, and Mining Recorder shall have full power and authority
to realize upon the security lodged with him so as to make payment of any wages in default
and shall make payment thereof up to the amount realized. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 47
Part IV.—Protection of Investors.
Each Resident Engineer shall, upon receiving notice of any advertised or solicited sale of
shares in any company or in any claim or mine or mineral property whatsoever, upon statements or terms not in accordance with actual facts and conditions, notify the Minister of Mines,
who, upon investigation, may, if found necessary, give such notice, either personal or public,
as may be necessary to prevent any injury to investors; and every notice given under this
section by the Minister of Mines shall be absolutely privileged.
Iron and Steel Bounties Act, 1929.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may enter into an agreement with any person whereby
the Crown will pay to that person, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, bounties on pig-iron
and steel shapes when manufactured within the Province, as follows:—
(a.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from
ore mined in the Province, a bounty not to exceed three dollars per ton of two
thousand pounds:
(6.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from
ore mined outside the Province, a bounty not to exceed one dollar and fifty
cents per ton of two thousand pounds:
(c.)   In respect of steel shapes of commercial utility manufactured in the Province,
a bounty not to exceed one dollar per ton of two thousand pounds.
Bounty, as on pig-iron under this Act, may be paid upon the molten iron from ore which in
the electric furnace, Bessemer or other furnace, enters into the manufacture of steel by the
process employed in such furnace;  the weight of such iron to be ascertained from the weight
of the steel so manufactured.
Bounty on steel shapes under this Act shall be paid only upon such steel shapes as are
manufactured in a rolling-mill having a rated productive capacity per annum of at least
twenty thousand tons of two thousand pounds per ton.
Phosphate-mining Act, 1925.
This Act takes the mineral tricalcium phosphate out of the " Mineral Act " for the purpose
of administration. This is done to make possible the staking of phosphate claims one mile
square in area.
Any person desirous of securing a licence to prospect for phosphate is required to stake
the land he may wish to acquire and work; and after such staking shall post in the office of the
Gold Commissioner for the mining division in which the land is situated a notice of his intention to apply for a licence. Then the applicant is required to make application in writing to
such Gold Commissioner for a prospecting licence over the land for any term not exceeding
one year. The Gold Commissioner shall forward this application to the Hon. the Minister of
Mines, who may grant to the applicant a prospecting licence. Application shall be accompanied by a licence fee of $100. The land to be acquired shall be of a rectangular shape and
shall not exceed 640 acres for each licence, measuring 80 chains by 80 chains, and boundary-
lines shall be run true north and south and true east and west. A renewal of the licence may
be obtained for a second period of one year upon payment of further licence fee of $100, and
furnishing proof that he has explored for phosphate and has expended not less than $50 in
such exploration-work. An extension of the term for a third period of one year may be
granted upon like conditions and terms. Provision is made for the payment of $150 in cash
in lieu of exploration-work. The cost of the survey of the land, not being less than $150, can
be counted as exploration-work. If during any one year work is done to a greater extent than
the required $50—but not less—same may be applied as work for any subsequent year that
the licence remains in force.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may grant a lease of the land covered by a prospecting licence to any licensee who during the existence of his licence, or within thirty days
following the expiry of same, gives satisfactory evidence that he has discovered phosphate on
such lands. He shall at the same time pay a sum sufficient to cover the first annual rental
and also shall have expended not less than $50 per licence in exploration-work during the
term of the last renewal licence or tender in lieu thereof the sum of $50 per licence.    Such lease shall be granted for a term of five years, renewable for three years, and for a further
three years after the expiry of the first renewal. A lease shall not be issued until the land
has been surveyed by an authorized land surveyor. An annual rental rate of 15 cents per
acre shall be payable under said lease.
The lease provides for the expenditure of not less than $100 per annum in the development
' of a mine, or the payment of $100 in lieu of such development-work.    Excess work done in any
one year may be applied as work to subsequent years.    Provision is also made for the purchase
of phosphate-mining rights.
Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act.
At the 1935 session of the Provincial Legislature " An Act to amend and consolidate the
Enactments regulating the Working of Metalliferous Mines, Quarries, and Metallurgical
Works " was passed. This Act is known as the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," and, in
its general tone, its clear purpose is to maintain the highest standard in respect of safety and
of healthy conditions, both on the surface and underground in mining operations. The idea
is to not only assure, as far as practicable, the protection of workmen against injury, but to
establish those conditions best calculated to safeguard the health of the men employed. The
Act also provides for the drafting of regulations, if such are found necessary, for the protection of men who are working under conditions which may lead to pulmonary disability.
This Act may be divided into six parts, as follows:—
(1.)  Administration:
(2.)   Duties of owners, managers, and others:
(3.)   Special Rules for protection of miners:
(4.) General Rules, having reference to: (a) Employees; (6) Ventilation; (c)
Explosives and blasting; (d) Fire-protection; (e) Connection between mines;
(/) Mine signals; (g) Aid to injured; (7i) Prevention of dust; (i) Handling
of water; (j) Sanitation; (fc) Protection of working-places, shafts, winzes,
raises, etc.; (I) Ladder-ways; (m) Shaft equipment and operation; (n)
Testing of brakes; (o) Haulage; (p) Protection from machinery; (q)
Electrical installations:
! (5.)  General Rules for quarries:
(6.)   Supplemental, THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 49
SUMMARY OF ACTS SPECIALLY RELATING TO MINING.
(The complete Acts may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.)
Mining Licences under the Coal and Petroleum Act.,
Any person desiring to prospect for coal, petroleum, or natural gas upon any unsurveyed
unreserved lands in which these resources are held by the Crown may acquire a licence to do so
over a rectangular block of land not exceeding 640 acres, of which the boundaries shall run
due north and south and east and west, and no side shall exceed 80 chains (1 mile) in length.
Before entering into possession of the said lands he shall place at the corner of such block a
legal stake, or initial post, and shall inscribe thereon his name and the angle represented by
such post, thus: " A. B.'s N.E. corner," or as the case may be, and shall post in a conspicuous
place upon the said land, and also in the Government office of the land recording district, notice
of his intention to apply, as well as publishing the same in the B.C. Gazette and local newspaper once each week for four consecutive weeks. If the area applied for is surveyed no
staking is required, but the same procedure with regard to advertising notice of intention to
apply is necessary.
The application for said licence shall be in writing, in duplicate, and shall contain the best
written description possible, with a diagram of the land sought to be acquired, and shall be
accompanied with a fee of $100. The application shall be made to the Commissioner of Lands
for the district, and by him forwarded to the Minister of Lands, who will grant such licence—
provided no reasons arise to the contrary—for a period not to exceed one year, and at the
expiration of the first year an extension of such licence may be granted for a second or third
year at a fee of $100.
Where coal is discovered during the existence of licence or within thirty days after
expiration, the land held under licence, having been surveyed and licence conditions fulfilled,
may be leased for five years at rental of 15 cents an acre, subject to renewals for five successive
periods of three years each, renewal fee being $100 for each lease, in addition to annual rental.
Lessees, on showing continuous work has been done and reasonable expenditure made for
development, may, after carrying out the provisions of the lease, purchase at $20 per acre
where surface is available, or $15 per acre for under-surface rights where surface is not
available. Lands under the sea may be purchased at $15 per acre. Provided also that, in
addition to the rental or purchase price, there shall be paid to the Government as a royalty
2V2 cents a barrel (35 imperial gallons) of crude petroleum raised or gotten from such land.
(See chapter 162, R.S.B.C. 1924.)
Taxation Act.
A preliminary note is essential to the understanding of this Act. As the law has stood, a
Crown-granted mineral claim on which taxes were in arrears for a number of years was offered
for sale by the Government at a tax sale, with arrears of taxes plus interest and charges and
Crown-grant fees as an upset price. If no sale was made the property remained in the hands
of the Assessor until desired by some one, when it could only be purchased by tender. It was
not open to location under the " Mineral Act " and a prospector had no protection, and to
relieve the situation an amending Act was passed.
Under the amended Act such reverted Crown-granted mineral claim may be obtained by
any person under a lease for one year upon payment of $25, and a renewal of such lease may
be granted upon payment of further $25 for a further period of one year, but no longer. During the period of such lease the lessee has the right to enter, prospect, and mine on such mineral
claim, save for coal, petroleum, and natural gas, and during such time the lessee has the option
to purchase such Crown-granted mineral claim upon payment of all taxes, costs, and interest
which remained due and unpaid on such claim on the date of its forfeiture to the Crown,
together with an amount equal to all taxes and interest which, except for its forfeiture to the
Crown, would have been payable in respect thereof from the date of the lease to the date of
application for a Crown grant. If, however, the lessee establishes to the satisfaction of the
Gold Commissioner that he has expended upon the claim in mining-development work a sum of
not less than $200 a year during the continuance of the lease, then the payment of the sum in respect of taxes and penalties from the date of the lease to the date of application for a Crown
grant shall not be required. Provision also is made for the grouping of adjoining claims, not
exceeding eight in number, and the performing on one of such claims mining-development work
for all of the claims.
A person may obtain a lease, or interest in a lease, of eight such claims in the same mining
division.
Such leases are not transferable and are subject to the rights any person may already
hold to any portion of the surface of such Crown-granted mineral claim.
Taxation of Mines.
Crown-granted mineral claims are subject to a tax of 25 cents per acre. The tax becomes
due on April 1st in each year, and if unpaid on the following June 30th is deemed to be
delinquent.
All mines, other than coal, are subject to an output tax (payable quarterly) of 2 per cent,
on gross value of ore, less cost of transportation from mine to reduction-works and the cost
of treating same at reduction-works or on the mining premises.
Any such mine, not realizing on ore shipments a market value of $5,000 in any one year, is
entitled to a refund of the output tax paid.
All mines are subject to a tax upon income, subject to the exemptions and allowances given
in the " Income Tax Act"; provided, in the case of those mines paying an output tax, that an
income tax is only collected if such tax prove greater than the output tax, and the output tax is
then regarded as part payment of the income tax.
In addition to the ordinary working expenses, mines are allowed to deduct from their
income a charge for:—
(1.)  Development—being such proportion of this capital expenditure as is ascertained to be chargeable to the year's operation:
(2.)  Depreciation of buildings and plant:
(3.)   Depletion—being such proportion of the capital cost of the mine as, being a
wasting asset, is ascertained to be chargeable to the year's operation.
The above-mentioned charges are allowable at the discretion of the Minister of Finance,
subject, however, to an appeal to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.
The rate of income tax varies from 1 per cent, up to a maximum of 10 per cent, on incomes
of $19,000 and over.
Coal is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except coal shipped to coke-ovens
within the Province.    Tax payable monthly.
Coke is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except in respect of coke produced
from coal upon which this tax has already been paid.    Tax payable monthly.
Coal land from which coal is being mined (Class A) is taxed at 1 per cent, upon the
assessed value, in addition to any other tax.
Unworked coal land, known as " Coal Land, Class B," is subject to a tax of 2 per cent.
upon the assessed value.
For further particulars see the " Taxation Act," also the " Public Schools Act," which ars
obtainable from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 51
ASSAY OFFICE.
BY
D. E. Whittaker.
During the year 1936 there were made by the staff in the Government Assay Office 7,609
assays or quantitative determinations and 287 analyses;   of these the majority were for the
Department of Mines or for the other departments, for which no fees were received.
The fees collected by the office were as follows :•—■
Fees for analyses       $32.50
Fees for assaying         40.50
Fees for assayers' examinations        210.00
Total cash receipts  .     $283.00
Determinations and examinations made for other Government departments, for which no fees were collected:-—■
Attorney-General's Department  $793.00
Agricultural Department _'.  2,203.00
Board of Health  740.00
Other departments  455.00
Treasury   1,470.00
$5,661.00
Value of work done outside of Mines Department work $5,944.00
One thousand four hundred and seventy lots of gold were received from the Gold Commissioners, who are purchasing amounts up to 2 oz. to aid the prospector in disposing of his gold.
FREE DETERMINATIONS.
In addition to the above quantitative work, 952 qualitative determinations, or tests, were
made in connection with the identification and classification of rocks or minerals sent to the
Assay Office for a report; for these no fees were charged, as it is the established custom of the
Department to examine and test qualitatively, without charge, samples of minerals sent in
from any part of the Province, and to give a report on the same. This has been done for the
purpose of encouraging the search for new or rare minerals and ores, and to assist prospectors
and others in the discovery of new mining districts, by enabling them to have determined, free
of cost, the nature and probable value of any rock they may find. In making these free
determinations, the Department asks that the locality from which the sample was obtained be
given by the sender.
EXAMINATION FOR ASSAYERS.
The writer has the honour, as Secretary, to submit the Annual Report for the year 1936
of the Board of Examiners for Certificates of Competency and Licence to Practise Assaying
in British Columbia, as established under the " Department of Mines Act, 1934."
A meeting of the Board of Examiners was held on May 16th, August 5th, and September
30th, 1936. Two candidates applied for examination on May 16th and both passed the
examination. Seven candidates applied for examination on June 15th and all passed the
examination. One candidate applied for exemption under section 10, subsection (2), of the
Act on August 5th. The Board recommended that certificates be issued to the above-mentioned
ten candidates.
In accordance with the recommendations of the Board, certificates have been duly issued
by the Honourable the Minister of Mines to the ten successful candidates. A 52
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
GOLD COMMISSIONERS AND MINING RECORDERS.
The following list shows the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders of the Province:—
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Atlin
Atlin                        	
H. F. Glassey	
H. F. Glassey	
G. H. Hallett.
T. S. Dalby.
Haines (U.S.)
(Com. for taking Affidavits)
B. A. Barnett.
Squaw Creek via Atlin _.
Juneau (U.S.)	
T. S. Dalby	
(Com. for taking Affidavits)
T. S. Dalby	
Boundary via Telegraph
Creek
Sub-office    	
T. E. Taylor.
McDame Creek- 	
Fort St. John- 	
Dease Lake Townsite
R. J. Meek.
F. W. Beatton.
N. A. Watt 	
N. A. Watt	
Sub-office 	
O. T. Sundal.
Stewart (Portland
Canal)
H. W. Dodd.
Kimsquit ., ' _ _	
Stewart   	
Portland Canal _	
N. A. Watt (at Prince
Rupert)
H. W. Dodd - -	
W. Eve.
Sub-office   	
Alice Arm ■ _ -
Prince Rupert  	
Bella Coola._ _
Bella Bella           	
Bella Coola 	
N. A. Watt.	
N. A. Watt    .
G. A. Charter, M.D.
Geo. H. Hill.
Queen Charlotte	
N. A. Watt	
W. T. Reavley.
Massett. -	
Lockeport _	
Smithers 	
J. C. Frizzell.
H. B. Campbell	
H. B. Campbell
L. T. Kempple.
Bella Coola 	
Fort St. James	
Manson Creek-	
Telkwa  - ' 	
Prince George  	
W. B. Steele.
T. J. Thorp
F. F. Monteith.
Kimsquit	
Fort St. John ._   	
Whitewater (Finlay
River) via Fort
Grahame
F. W. Beatton.
Sub-office 	
0. T. Sundal.
Sub-office	
Sub-office..-	
Vanderhoof _	
Sub-office	
T. H. McCubbin.
Sub-office	
Sub-office 	
Usk   '•	
Sub-office - -
Takla Landing.	
Sub-office _
Aiken. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 53
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Fort St. John ...
H. B. Campbell (at
Smithers)
F. W. Beatton
J. S. Clark
Sub-offi ce	
Prince George.	
G. Milburn.
Hudson Hope	
Pouce Coupe	
M. S. Morrell.
J. P. Scarlett 	
J. P. Scarlett
Miss L. D. Boyd.
Sub-office- -
McBride 	
R. McKinlay.
J. E. Mclntyre.
L. C. Maclure	
L. C. Maclure 	
Sub-office 	
Quesnel	
Likely,—	
Barkerville..	
Horsefly	
E. C. Lunn
Sub-offi ce 	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Hugh Adams.
Hanceville  .-.	
Tatla Lake         	
R. J. A. Dorrell	
R. J. A. Dorrell	
Sub-office	
Sub-office 	
Haylmore via Gold Bridge.
Tatla Lake
W. Haylmore.
Sub-office	
Hanceville..— 	
Kamloops.	
Chu Chua
Kamloops.	
Sub-office	
E. Fisher. 	
E. Fisher.—	
D. G. Dalgleish.
Sub-office	
Vavenby „ _	
Sub-office	
A. P. Suckling.
Ashcroft 	
E. Fisher (at Kam.)..
W. F. Knowlton
Sub-offi ce	
H. Elgie.
Nicola  	
Yale   	
Merritt  —	
Hope. —
Lytton —-	
Princeton.  	
Hedley	
Vernon — —	
E. Fisher (atKam.)
E. Fisher (atKam.).
A. G. Freeze	
H. Beech      	
Sub-office. 	
H. Elgie.
Similkameen _
Sub-office —-	
Chas. Nichols 	
Chas. Nichols	
Vernon _	
R. M. McGusty ,
R. M. McGusty	
F. H. C. Wilson.
C. W. Dickson.
Greenwood	
Kettle Valley      	
L. A. Dodd -
L. A. Dodd	
G. B. Gane.
Sub-office	
T. W. Clarke.
Sub-office	
Oliver  _	
Grand Forks 	
Penticton.  	
Keremeos  	
Hedley  	
W. H. Laird.
E. Harrison 	
W. R. Dewdney..._	
Osoyoos 	
Sub-office 	
W. R. Dewdney	
Sub-office	
R. E. Baxter.
Sur -office	
A. W. Anderson
A. M. Chisholm	
J. E. Kennedy.	
W. H. Laird.
Golden . 	
A. W. Anderson __	
A. W. Anderson (at
Golden)
J. E. Kennedy..	
Windermere ..	
Cranbrook  	
Fort Steele	
Sub-office -	
A. A. Robertson.
J. R. Nolan.
Ainsworth	
Sub-office 	
KasJo _	
Ronald Hewat	
W. M. H. Dunn
Poplar Creek 	
A. Robb.
Ronald Hewat (at
Kaslo)
Frank Broughton
W. J. Parham.
T. McNeish „	
J. Cartmel 	
W. E. Graham.
Nelson ■      	
Nelson 	
Creston  	
J. Cartmel  	
J. A. Stewart.
R. H. Hassard.
Wm. Clark.
Sub-office „_.	
Salmo   	
Nakusp   —	
Arrow Lake 	
J. Cartmel (at Nelson)
Wynfield Maxwell
N. A. Herridge	
W. Maxwell	
W. G. Fleming. A 54
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1936.
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Wynfield Maxwell (at
Revelstoke)
W. H. Reid
W. H. Reid 	
C. L. Monroe..	
Nanaimo	
Ladysmith
C. L. Monroe  _
Rnh.nffipp
J. A. Knight.
Shoal Bay, Thurlow P.O-
Sub-office	
H. J. Bull.
Sub-office      	
W. H. Boothroyd.
G. C. Rolf.
Alberni  	
Clayoquot  	
Alberni  — 	
Clayoquot — _ „ _	
W. H. Boothroyd.
W. H. Boothroyd (at
Alberni)
W. H. Boothroyd
W. T. Dawley	
Ceepeeeee	
P. McGregor.
W. H. Boothroyd (at
Alberni)
R. J. Steenson	
A. P. Grant 	
Ed. Evenson.	
New Westminster	
New Westminster.	
A. B. Gray 	
A. S. Tyrer..—	
Shoal Bay, Thurlow P.O..
L. J. Price.. ._■ 	
C. C. Thompson.
T. B. Williams.
W. Haylmore.
L. J. Price	
Sub-office.. .
Haylmore via Gold Bridge. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 55
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5 VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1937.
'
4,725-237-4740

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