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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1936

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 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY
ANNUAL EEPORT
OF THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDED MARCH 318T
1935
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1936.  To His Honour J. W. Fordham Johnson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1935.
GEORGE M. WEIR,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.  TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART I.—MEDICAL. Page.
Officers and Staff, List of    7
Report—General Medical Superintendent    9
Report, Laboratory—Director of Laboratory  12
Report—X-ray Department  13
Report—Ultra-violet Lamp  13
Report—Visiting Dentist  13
Report—Social Service  14
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year  20
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  22
3. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths  23
4. Civil State of Patients admitted  23
5. Religious Denominations of Patients  23
6. Educational Status of Patients  24
7. Nationality of Patients  24
8. Districts from which Patients were admitted ,  25
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission  27
10. Age of Patients on Admission  28
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  28
12. Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission  28
13. Table of Heredity  29
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  29
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  29
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  30
17. Probation, Number allowed out on  30
18. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity  30
19. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge  31
20. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich  31
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich  36
PART IL—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar   37
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  39
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale  40
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  41
A. Average Residence, Maintenance, and Per Capita Cost since Inception  42
B )
r,' h      [ Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost  44, 45
C. )
p' h       [ Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception  47, 48
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  50
E. Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster   51
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale  52
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich  54
Revenue, Table of, since Inception  56
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department  57
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department  59 X 6
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Production Tables—
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane-
Mending done by Female Patients for New Westminster	
Work done by Patients at New Westminster	
Supplies produced at New Westminster	
Supplies produced at Colquitz	
Occupational Therapy—
Wood-working Department	
Upholstering Department	
Page.
  59
  60
  60
  60
  61
  61
  62
  62
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy, Essondale, for Year ended March 31st, 1935_. 62
Weaving and Basketry Department-.
PART III.
Report—Farm Superintendent	
Report—Financial, General—Bursar	
Balance-sheet	
Profit and Loss Account	
-COLONY FARM.
Dairy and Herds Department-
Profit and Loss Account-
Production and Costs Account-
Milk Production and Cost	
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account-
Calves Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Yearling Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Bull Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account	
Horse-labour Account	
Horse-labour performed	
Hog Department—Profit and Loss Account	
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account	
Truck-garden and Orchard—Profit and Loss Account..
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account, etc	
Tractor Account	
■ Maintenance and Administration, General	
Miscellaneous Statements, Inventories, etc.—
Produce supplied to Essondale	
Produce supplied to New Westminster	
Accounts receivable	
Equipment	
Orchard and Small Fruits..
64
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80 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. George M. Weir, Provincial Secretary. P. Walker, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
A. L. Creasj., M.D., CM., Medical Superintendent.
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, ESSONDALE.
Medical: Business:
A. M. Gee, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C Thos. Weeks, Assistant Bursar.
U. P. Byrne, M.B., L.M.C.C. J. Pumphrey, Steward.
J. M. Jackson, M.D., L.M.C.C. E. M. Selkirk, Book-keeper.
E. A. Campbell, M.D., L.M.C.C. Miss A. Haslam, Stenographer.
A. E. Davidson, B.A., M.D., L.M.C.C
T. G. Caunt, M.D., L.M.C.C
S. S. Murray, M.B., L.M.C.C. Chaplains:
N. W. Cunningham, Acting Chief Attendant.
Miss A. Hicks, R.N., Matron. Diocese of New Westminster, Protestant.
Miss M. Marlatt, R.N., Instructress of Nurses.      Rev. Father T. M. Nichol, Roman Catholic.
Miss J. Kilburn, Social Service.
Mrs. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Clerk.
Trades, Essondale:
J. L. Malcolm, Chief Engineer. W. Worrall, Laundryman.
J. Renton, Outside Overseer. P. J. Murphy, Electrician.
W. G. Armour,. Baker. .       J. Symington, Plumber.
H. Lonsdale, Foreman of Works. W. J. Willows, Barber.
W. McKenzie, Mason. E. Rushton, Auto Mechanic.
A. Cooter, Chief Cook. R. T. Hall, Occupational Therapy.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical: Business :
L. E. Sauriol, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C, Medical Thos. Cambridge, Assistant Bursar.
Supervisor. J. F. O'Reilly, Steward.
C. E. Benwell, M.B., L.M.C.C.
B. H. O. Harry, M.D., CM., L.M.C.C. Chaplains:
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron.
Harry Hoult, Chief Attendant. Rev. J. L. Sloat, Protestant.
F. GlLLARD, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer. Rev. Father T. P. Murphy, Roman Catholic.
Trades, New Westminster:
R. Gow, Carpenter. Ben Jones, Laundryman.
J. Fraser, Acting Gardener. J. McMillan, Shoemaker.
E. J. McIntyre, Engineer. Wm. Powell, Painter.
H. Bailey, Farmer. W. W. Galloway, Tailor.
C. M. Doyle, Plumber.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLONY FARM.
P. H. Moore, B.S.A., Superintendent. J. Lobban, Assistant Superintendent.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, COLQUITZ.
Geo. Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
F. M. Spooner, Supervisor. P. McLeod, Chief Attendant.  REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
For the Twelve Months ended March 31st, 1935.
PART I.—MEDICAL.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., April 1st, 1935.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith for your consideration the Sixty-third Annual
Report of the Provincial Mental Hospitals at Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
The following table is a brief summary of the movements of the Hospital population
during the year April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935:—
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
In residence, April 1st, 1934  	
On probation, but remaining on registers.
On escape, but remaining on registers	
New admissions during current year	
Total under treatment 	
Discharged in full during year	
Continuing on probation at end of year..
Died during year  	
Total discharged..
In residence, March 31st, 1935..
1,940
49
4
403
1,020
55
250
2,960
104
4
653
2,396
1,325
3,721
220
38
152
121
41
69
341
79
221
410
231
1,986
1,094
(1.) Increase in number of admissions this year as compared to last     43
(2.) Net increase in population in residence at end of year  120
(3.) Rate of deaths to total treated (percent.)       5.93
(4.) Rate of discharges to admission (exclusive of deaths)   (per cent.) __    64.31
ADMISSIONS.
An analysis of the birth column shows that, of the number admitted, 260 (or 39.81 per
cent.) were Canadian born, 220 (or 33.68 per cent.) were born in other parts of the British
Empire, 171 (or 26.18 per cent.) were of foreign extraction, and 2 were of unknown birth.
DISCHARGES.
It is a generally accepted fact that the mental cases which are admitted to the Hospital
for treatment in their early stages have a very much better opportunity of recovering from
their mental trouble than those who delay treatment until the disease is well advanced. This
is indicated in the following table:—
Table showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity, prior to Admission,
in those discharged prom the Three Institutions during
the Year April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Less than six months..
Over six months	
Duration not known....
Not insane	
190
60
Total.
341 X 10 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
During the past fiscal year 341 patients were discharged in full. Of this number, 71
were discharged as recovered, 188 as improved, 79 as unimproved, and 3 as not insane. Of
the number discharged in full, 12 were deported and 28 were repatriated through the kindness
of relatives or friends.
Once again I wish to draw to your favourable attention the very close co-operation which
exists between this Department and that of the Dominion Immigration Department. Although,
on account of the lessening of the number of immigrants to this country, our deportable cases
are decreasing, nevertheless some of those cases which were returned necessitated a great deal
of close and untiring effort on the part of the Immigration Department before deportation
could be effected. Their unfailing courtesy and assistance are of great encouragement to us
in our work.
TREATMENT.
Dr. Davidson has continued to look after the electro-cardiograph work, which is in addition to his general duties. The splendid work done by him aids not only in the diagnosis of
the cardiac cases, but also is of value in facilitating treatment.
Dr. Gee has done excellently in the X-ray Department. The pictures taken by him are
very clear and assist greatly in the diagnosis of cases coming within this field.
The Laboratory, under Dr. Byrne, is one of our most important departments. Its scope
is gradually being extended; it is of material benefit in guiding treatment, and is also
essential to our training-school.    It also serves the Provincial Police in their analytical work.
The eye, ear, nose, and throat work, together with neurological cases, have been ably
treated by Dr. Harry, who has made a special study of these cases.
The Occupational Department, with both the male and female patients, continues to ever
increase in its activity, but, even so, we have been hampered in this regard by such a skeleton
staff. There are those patients who, we feel, would be better occupied, but yet we are not able
to carry this out to the extent that we desire. In occupational work there is a force of great
importance which aids treatment and provides a healthful output for the energies of those
under care.
Our Training School for Nurses has proven even more successful than we had anticipated.
It was always considered essential, but the results have greatly exceeded our expectations.
Not only is our third-year intensive course provided by the school, but there is established in
a small way a postgraduate course for graduate nurses. It has now been requested by the
Nursing Association of British Columbia that we take some general nurses in training who
would like voluntarily to take up this work under affiliation. While we feel and fully appreciate the necessity of this and are looking forward with a keen interest to their coming to
study, yet at the present time we cannot proceed with this step until further housing is provided to accommodate these students. Even with our own nurses on the staff we are in need
of at least thirty more beds.
The Child Guidance Clinic in Vancouver has increased its service, and has done some work
in the preventive field, yet we have not accomplished as much in this direction as is desired on
account of limited time and so many children requiring attention. The appointments are
booked up many^ months ahead.
COMMENTS.
During the past year the steady yearly increase of patients has been in evidence, and, in
spite of the fact that 65 Chinese patients were repatriated to their own country, our annual
increase was 120. These patients had to be admitted in spite of the overcrowding which
exists, a fact which is greatly to be discouraged in the treatment of those mentally ill. Some
provision has been made for extra beds, but these are so limited in number that the question
of overcrowding has not necessarily been lessened. Overcrowding results in an increasing
time of treatment, and in the unfortunate mixing of the acute and less acute cases serious
accidents are becoming more and more difficult to avoid. The fact that our administration
units have never been completed has greatly hampered the Hospital in every way, and tends
to augment the cost of caring for the patients. Some of the services have not as yet been
provided.
At Essondale the buildings are much more fire-proof than in the New Westminster unit,
although even there much consideration and much work has been done to help the present ■
SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT. X 11
situation, but the older buildings still constitute a fire-hazard. Although the New Westminster
Fire Department co-operates in every way and much has been done to alleviate the condition,
yet there is still a great risk.
As in any large unit the question of tuberculosis arises, the same also applies to the
accommodation of those mental patients suffering from this disease, and this point should
receive consideration when circumstances permit.
During the past year a new unit for the returned soldiers was opened. This unit consists
of three stories used for living-quarters and a lower floor is utilized for amusement and occupation. There is a separate dining-room provided where a cafeteria exists, which feature has
been a definite improvement as far as the meals are concerned. The wards provide excellent
and modern accommodation, so that here we may say we have a rather splendid unit and one
which has received very favourable comment from the returned-soldier organizations, who are
ready to, and do, assist in every way in which they are able, and nothing is too much trouble
for them. Their co-operation has been most commendable. It has been a moot question for
many years regarding the segregation of the returned men into their own unit, and with the
securing of this building a long-felt need was realized.
It is with genuine regret that I report the passing of one of our old employees of the
institution in the person of Edward Bolas Jones, who entered the service on May 1st, 1899, as
an attendant and was promoted to the position of Laundryman at the Public Hospital for
Insane on the transfer of Mr. Hargie to the Essondale laundry. Mr. Jones was a sincere and
conscientious worker and was highly esteemed both by staff and patients of the institution.
ACTIVITIES.
The farm has always served a twofold purpose, both to supply the needs of the Hospital
. and to give healthy and desirable occupation to those patients who are suited for this type of
work. Now that the institution has grown to such a large one, the need of the farm is even
more emphasized. In addition to serving the Hospital and its needs, the farm is raising a very
desirable herd. Take the dairy herd alone, which supplies wonderful well-bred stock: the
young bulls are sold to the different farmers throughout the country, thus materially increasing
the value of the herds.
The establishment of the cannery at the farm has indeed been a splendid experiment. It
produces very fine canned foods which makes the meals more attractive and varied. The pork
products, too, are thoroughly enjoyed by every one, but there is a very definite need of further
cold storage, and we do feel the necessity of the re-establishment of our poultry plant.
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.
I wish to voice our appreciation of the continued valued work of Mrs. J. Ellis, Convener of
the Red Cross Visiting Committee, who is responsible for the concerts and entertainments for
the benefit of our patients.
I also wish to tender our very grateful thanks to the members of the British Columbia
Police, who are always ready to assist us in every way, and we have many proofs of their
courteous co-operation.
I wish to make special mention of the loyal support accorded to me at all times by the
medical officers of the Hospital, and with a Hospital of this size you can readily understand
just what this loyalty means. I wish to especially call to your attention the faithful services
of the Assistant Medical Superintendent, Dr. E. J. Ryan, who is always ready to aid in the
work of the Hospital and to further its needs. I would remember also Mr. Macgowan, our
Bursar; Dr. L. E. Sauriol, Medical Supervisor, New Westminster; Mr. F. M. Spooner, Supervisor, Colquitz Mental Home;   and Mr. H. Lonsdale, Foreman of Public Works.
Lastly, to you, Sir, to the Deputy Minister, and to the Department of Public Works, I wish
to record my thanks. At all times you have been ready and willing to give me your invaluable
counsel and assistance. Your ready understanding and encouragement have helped to smooth
many difficulties and made it a great deal easier for the Hospital to progress.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
A. L. CREASE,
Medical Superintendent. X 12 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
LABORATORY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the Laboratory at Essondale from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935 :—
Urinalysis routine  .'. 1,101
Quantitative albumen  67
Two-hour test  7
Ascheim-Zondek  11
Blood—
Kahn positive  57
Kahn negative  552
Red-blood count  33
White-blood count   20
Hemoglobin   30
Differential   19
Sedimentation   2
Coagulation test  1
Blood groupings   30
Urea   27
Icterus index  1
Spinal fluid—
Kahn positive  31
Kahn negative  26
Globulin  57
Cell-count   5
Colloidal gold  6
Colloidal paraffin  10
Sputa for tuberculosis  145
Autopsies  36
Sections  56
Cultures   36
Agglutination—
Typhoid   3
Para A and B   1
Shiga :  1
Hiss-Russel   1
Exudates  1
Faeces examination  2
Smears—
Eye   5
Nose, throat  9
Urethral   24
Cervical  22
Vincent's angina  3
Malaria   g
Miscellaneous  _. 31
Abscess   9 DENTAL REPORT. X 13
Tuberculin test          2
Basal metabolism        22
Animal inoculation       87
Examination tapeworm         1
Vaccines prepared       36
Analyses for Provincial Police (cases)          2
I have, etc.,
Ultan P. Byrne,
Pathologist.
X-RAY REPORT.
Provincial Mental Hospital,
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—Following is a report of the work performed in the X-ray Department of the
Hospital from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935:—
Heads and sinuses  100
Chests  190
Pelvis and vertebra?     48
Extremities     254
I have, etc.,
Arthur M. Gee,
Physician and Roentgenologist.
ULTRA-VIOLET LAMP.
From April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Total number of treatments for the year, 901;   total time required for treatments, 243
hours and 42 minutes.
Ultan P. Byrne.
DENTAL REPORT.
Medical Dental Building,
New Westminster, B.C., May 7th, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—The following is the report of the dental services rendered at the Provincial Mental
Hospital, Essondale, and the Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster, during the
year ended March 31st, 1934:—
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Number of patients treated  480
231 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted  380
Amalgam fillings inserted    32
Cement fillings inserted     28
Porcelain enamel fillings inserted      3
Pyorrhoea treatments     23
Post operative treatments       8
Cementing crowns, inlays, or facings      2 X 14 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Repairing fillings   8
Removing bridge   1
Altering dentures  9
Repairing dentures   56
Making and inserting dentures  2
Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster.
Number of patients examined   232
89 patients had hopelessly diseased teeth extracted  144
Local anaesthetic used to reduce pain  89
Amalgam fillings inserted  10
Cement fillings inserted  6
Porcelain enamel fillings inserted  2
Pyorrhoea treatments  23
Counter-irritant treatments .....  16
Repairing fillings   2
Repairing dentures       8
Special emergency calls      10
Respectfully submitted.
Emery Jones, D.D.S.
SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT.
The Hospital Social Service has had an active year, and while the first part of the year
showed how this branch of the work had grown and how inadequate the staff was to meet the
situation, we were fortunate enough in October to obtain the services of Miss Winifred Wiggins,
M.S.S., a graduate in Social Science of our own University of British Columbia and having
obtained her Master's degree at Smith College, Mass. She is well trained in this work and
her coming enables us to do a more finished piece of work and to take on more extensive casework.
All new cases from Vancouver have been visited, where possible, within two weeks of their
admission. With the time at our disposal, we were unable to keep up with the admissions from
North and West Vancouver, Burnaby, and New Westminster, or to contact the outside
resources, such as the field-workers in the other parts of the Province. The work that was
done showed us the necessity of more intense work with families immediately following committal. With the limited staff, we only picked the most outstanding problem cases and
endeavoured to do our best with them, always bringing in the other social agencies whenever
possible. On all cases contacted we endeavoured to compile a history to aid in diagnosis and
treatment.
Psychometric examinations were done on all cases referred to us for standardization by
the staff doctors. The Bureau of Measurements of the Vancouver School Board has cooperated with us in giving any data they have obtained during the school-life of the patients.
Ward visits and the follow-up work naturally ensue, such as visiting children of parents
in the Hospital and in some cases going into the matter of placement of these children and
guidance in mental-health problems. Several of the patients have had children placed in
homes and institutions near by, and as we do not consider it good therapy for children to come
to the Hospital, we have tried to arrange for the patients to see the children in their present
environment, knowing this is good case-work for both patients and their children. There are
of necessity few of these cases.
It is evident that the Social Service Department cannot function adequately alone, and,'
realizing this, the department makes every effort to dovetail its work with other members of
the staff, such as the medical, nursing, and occupational departments.
The case-work outside of the Hospital buildings entails work with the prospective patients,
especially in the case of a mental deficient, where help in the home will ward off commitment
for some time or where commitment is explained or advised on the strength of mental-health
teachings with the family.    It is often necessary to visit these homes periodically to carry out SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. X 15
this preventive work, or to refer it to some other agency who can supervise more readily.    In
these cases a full record is kept so that the case is known when they are committed.
In all cases of venereal disease the contacts are visited and arrangements made for
examination and treatment. We have experienced great difficulty in making these arrangements when the patients come from rural districts and are unable to attend the Provincial
Government Clinic. The local doctors dislike this class of work and are inclined to feel it an
imposition and a problem which should be met in the preventive social hygiene programme.
We visit as many of the probation cases as possible, but this work has had to be slighted
this year. We are hoping to concentrate on it more in the future as it is one of the most
valuable branches of preventive work.
Since the opening of the Victoria Child Guidance Clinic, we find we have utilized some of
our time while there making contacts with agencies and relatives of the indoor patients, and
have succeeded in giving direct therapy to a few probation and discharged patients.
The educational work of the division has progressed. There have been two University of
British Columbia students of the Social Science Course taking their field-work. The postgraduate nurses of the nursing-school were also given an insight into this work, by being
given two weeks' observation period in the Social Service Department. Lectures were also
given to the postgraduate and undergraduate students, as well as to the Public Health Nurses
during their visit to the Hospital.
This year's lectures were given in two courses at the University of British Columbia—
namely, Public Health Nurses and students of the Social Science Course.
Home visits for new patients  310
Home visits for probation cases  320
Visits to other agencies re Hospital cases  252
Conferences with other agencies re Hospital cases      74
Ward visits  230
Psychometrics done on in-patients      20
Conferences at clinic on Mental Hospital cases   124
New cases carried on in which some slight time service was done  125
Specialized work on cases     15
Total new cases referred   316
VICTORIA CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC.
(Superior Street Annex, Victoria.)
On September 12th, 1934, the Victoria Child Guidance Clinic was opened at the Superior
Street Annex and appears to be filling a need there. We have held the clinic one full day a
month and have had 33 new patients in that time. While a number of these cases come from
rural communities, where there was little understanding of mental-health programme and
where the resources were limited, we feel that even in this short time there is already a better
understanding. We have made arrangements for several conferences and talks with interested leaders, who we hope will be of assistance to us in the future in giving a more adequate
service.
It will be noticed by the figures shown below that we have seen many problems where
mental deficiency plays a part. This is typical of a new clinic of this kind, and we.hope that
the problem cases of normal intelligence will gradually increase, when there is better local
understanding of child-guidance work.
We have received the most earnest support from the Provincial Department of Welfare
and Health, the Family Help and Welfare Association, the Victoria Children's Aid Society,
and other welfare agencies.
Agencies referring Cases.
Family Help and Welfare Association     15
Children's Aid Society     12
Public Health Nurses       3
Mothers' Pensions Board        2
Victoria School Nurse       1
Total     33 X 16 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Spread of Intelligence.
Superior   1
Average   12
Dull normal   8
Borderline  2
Moron   6
Imbecile  4
Total      33
PROVINCIAL CHILD GUIDANCE CLINIC.
(771 Hornby Street, Vancouver.)
In this, our third annual report, we hope to show the place the Provincial Child Guidance
Clinic is taking in the social-service work of the Province and in the community as a whole.
The clinic has been working to capacity two days a week and has shown the necessity of fuller
operation. For the last six months we have been fortunate enough to have one additional
social worker for the two days a week that the clinic is open. The case load has continued to
increase and this has necessitated double the activity on the psychiatrist's part, which has been
met with the drawing on the junior members of the staff of the Hospital for help in the physical
examinations, giving at the same time opportunity for practical participation and study in this
type of preventive psychiatry.
Three social-service students of the University of British Columbia's Social Science Course
have had the opportunity of practical experience while taking their field-work. The Public
Health Nurses were also given an individual chance of observation and training in reference
to child-guidance. The postgraduate nurses of the Mental Hospital Training School had this
branch of the work included in their two weeks' observation period with the Social Service
Department.
A mental-hygiene programme has been carried on in conference work with all interested
agencies. The education of the community has been encouraged by the staff speaking to such
organizations as the Parent-Teachers' Association and groups interested in the parent-child
relationship.
This clinic has progressed under the traditional lines of studying the individual—namely,
the fourfold examination, the social, physical, psychological, and psychiatric. It is the policy,
before any child is considered for study, that a social history of the family be submitted. If it
is a co-operative case, the co-operating agency assumes the responsibility for this part of the
work, and if referred through private sources—that is, physicians or parents—the Social
Service staff at the clinic is responsible for this data, as well as the follow-up work.
The study of any behaviour problem begins by an understanding of the child. The
physical examination, which is the second and a fundamental procedure, may reveal John's
truancy to be due to deafness, malnutrition, or poor motor co-ordination; any of these physical
handicaps creating a barrier to successful school-work and ultimately a desire to escape
through truancy.
An evaluation of the intellectual equipment of the child is the third step towards determining the material with which we are dealing. Obviously, there is nothing to be expected
in the way of success if we require a child with an 8-year-old mind to achieve that which
requires the intelligence of a 10-year-old child. In problems dealing with such failure and
social behaviour the determination of the intellectual equipment is imperative. This, also,
is applicable to the understanding of the social life of the child. We cannot expect a parent,
or two parents, with a low mental age to cope with the training of a child with a higher
intelligence.
It is interesting to note that out of the 242 new cases seen, only 27 were considered without
a psychological examination. Ten of this number were not examined because it was not considered good mental hygiene to submit them to the ordeal. In five cases the examinations were
deferred until some physical or social defect was corrected, and in two of these cases they were
tested within the next six months. In eight cases the examination was proceeded with, but
no definite rating was given as the patients were under 6 years of age.    In three cases the 	
SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. X 17
patient was studied as an auxiliary to another individual, such as a parent to a child, or a
child to a parent, and only in one case was the test attempted and the patient refused to respond.
However, we are aware that a sound body and a good intelligence are not sufficient unto
themselves to assure to the child a well-adjusted life. The psychiatrist is concerned with the
organism as a whole and the efficiency of its total responses to the environment in which it
has to operate. Thus, besides the physical and intellectual aspects of the child, he directs his
attention to the investigation of the child's emotions and propensities. After all these phases
have been considered, this clinic tries to interpret the child and his behaviour to the parents
or guardian. This part of the work is of the greatest importance and the part which is most
time-consuming in the opinion of this staff.
Tables 2 and 3 show the differences in the problems as seen by the layman or person
untrained in psychiatry, as compared with those who are trained to observe and interpret the
problems as seen by the clinic. The staff wish to point out that, considering every case
individually, they have indicated what appeared to be not the most obvious, but the underlying
problem. Experience has taught that a child of limited mental capacity can make an adequate
adjustment and not become a community problem. In some cases low mentality has not been
treated as the real problem, as we are unable to change the native ability, but environment can
be changed and physical care can be given. Those having bodily defects are remedied as far
as possible.
In the next year we hope to attempt one or two particular pieces of work, and in this a
definite start was made with the diagnosing and tutoring of reading disabilities. Another
place in which we feel that we can congratulate the community and our staff is the request
made by the Juvenile Court for our services. These services were granted. The examination
of the Industrial Schools for both boys and girls will show, as the Juvenile Court has demonstrated, that there is a considerable group of juvenile offenders who present a psychiatric
problem, such as feeble-mindedness, psychosis, psychopathic personality or neurosis, and who
are obviously unsuited for the reformatory type of institution. An extension of the law to
provide for examination of all children brought into Juvenile Court might well be considered.
Our statistics show that the agencies making use of the clinic have been re-educated to the
point where they are bringing the children in younger, and when mentally deficient children
are referred it is done so with the idea of guidance in the community social supervision of them.
We wish to thank all those who co-operated with us, especially the private physicians who
have been ever ready to help us.
Case Load.
Active-treatment cases from previous year     59
New cases—
Male   107
Female  135
  242
. Additional appointments made, but not kept      14
Agencies referring Cases.
Family Welfare Bureau  49
Children's Aid Society  75
Catholic Children's Aid Society  13
Alexandra Orphanage   2
Hebrew Family Aid Society  1
Mothers' Pensions Board  25
Department of Neglected Children  5
(A number of adoption cases from this department were handled
by other agencies and were classified accordingly.)
Juvenile Court  3
Girls' Industrial School  25
Boys' Industrial School   12
Victorian Order of Nurses  2
School Doctor  1
School Nurse (Vancouver)   5
2 X 18
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Agencies referring Cases—Continued.
School Nurse (North Vancouver)
School Nurse (rural) 	
Provincial Mental Hospital	
City Health Department	
City Relief
Anglican Social Service
Private physicians 	
Private individuals	
Total.
242
Table 1.—Showing Distribution of Intelligence as determined by
Psychological Tests used.
Very superior (over 120) 	
Superior (110-120) 	
Average (90-109) 	
Dull normal (80-89) 	
Borderline (70-79)  	
Moron (50-69) 	
Imbecile (under 50) 	
Cases not tested, due to—
(1.)  Behaviour 	
Deferred	
(2.)
(3.)
(4.)
(5.)
(6.)
Under 6 years 	
Patient studied as auxiliary
Refusal	
Tested within six months	
10
3
8
3
1
2
2
1
50
60
57
42
3
27
Total
Table 2.—Problems as referred.
Unmarried mother 	
Adoptability of child 	
Patient consented to examination to aid family study —
One or both parents in P.M.H. 	
Patient previously in P.M.H.	
Question of mental illness	
Physical condition producing crippled personality
Standardization 	
Difficult to handle	
Difficulty in adjusting 	
Vocational advice 	
Retarded development 	
Delinquent tendencies—
Unspecified	
Specified 	
(Runaway, 7;   sex difficulties,
242
14
22
11
9
1
6
5
32
29
6
15
16
9
16
out
3;   insolent and disobedient, 1;
nights, 1;  theft, 4.)
Behaviour—
Unspecified	
Specified 	
(Eneursis, 4; temper, 4; masturbation, 4;  stammers, 1; backward
in speech, 1;   imitating behaviour, 1.)
Nervous tendencies	
School problem	
19
15
Child abused in home SOCIAL SERVICE REPORT. X 19
Table 2.—Problems as referred—Continued.
Child of mixed marriage  1
St. Christopher's School  1
Birth injury  1
Total  242
Table 3.—Problems as seen by Clinic.
Low mentality  41
Low mentality and physical disability  14
Adopted and not told  1
Standardization  37
No moral sense  11
Friction in home  11
Physical disability  17
Unemployment   4
Wrong environment  20
Racial differences   3
Broken homes  15
Lack of training  18
Mental illness and physical disability   2
Neurological  10
Poor environment  9
Over-protection   6
Health in home   8
Mental illness  10
Considered for deportation  1
Fantasy life  1
Reading disability   2
Speech  1
Total  242
Respectfully submitted.
J. F. Kilburn,
Social Service Department. X 20
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1,419
257
264
44
4
1
4
829
191
2,248
448
264
93
10
1
4
1,993
403
1,075
250
49
6
On  probation,  carried  forward  from  1933-34,  New West-
3,068
Admitted during the year 1934-35—
369
11
14
1
8
238
4
6
1
1
607
15
20
2
9
From the Yukon  _  	
Total under treatment,  Essondale,  New Westminster,  and
Saanich, April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935
2,396
410
1,325
231
3,721
Discharged during period  April  1st,  1934, to  March  31st,
1935—
(a.)   From Essondale—
As recovered-    — - 	
As improved 	
32
111
49
3
31
3
129
39
72
3
71
183
52
3
71
3
194
40
Died 	
65
358
219
577
(b.)   From New Westminster—
1
12
3
1
17
4
3
1
5
15
4
1
21
Died	
4
34
12
46
(c.)  From Saanich—
12
6
12
6
Died.—   —                                                  	
18
18
Total  discharged  from   Essondale,  New  Westminster,  and
641
Total   in    residence,    Essondale,    New    Westminster,    and
1,986
1,094
3,080 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 21
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, Essondale, New Westminster,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
Total on books, March 31st, 1934 _  	
1,467
403
3
1
878
250
3
2,345
653
6
1
1,874
447
1,131
234
Admissions during 1934-35     	
3,005
Discharged during 1934-35  — 	
358
79
10
219
15
577
94
10
681
1,427
897
2,324
261
79
197
15 '
458
94
New Westminster—
340
38
212
15
552
34
3
1
12
3
46
6
1
53
	
265
10
1
302
197
499
265
10
1
Saanich—
276
19
18
1
18
1
257
257
1,427
302
257
897
197
2,324
499
257
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1935- 	
Total in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1935- —
1,986
1,094
Grand total in residence, Essondale, New Westminster, and
|
3,080
1
Daily average population  __ 	
Percentage of discharges on admissions (not including deaths).
Percentage of recoveries on admissions-
Percentage of deaths on whole number under treatment-
3,069.50
64.32
10.87
5.94 X 22
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 2.—Showing in Summary Form the Operations of the Hospital since
its Inception.
Year.
Discharges.
QJ   Ol
A oj^1
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5-H>  t.  Qj
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H -J 5 0)
QJ QJ 3 ^
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1872...
1873...
1874...
1875...
1876...
1877—
1878...
1879—
1880—
1881...
1882...
1883—
1884—
1885...
1886—
1887—
1888.-
1889—
1890—
1891—
1892—
1893—
1894—
1895—
1896 —
1897—
1898—
1899—
1900—
1901—
1902—
1903—
1904—
1905-
1906....
1907—
1908....
1909—
1910—
1911....
1912...
1913—
1914—
1915....
1916—
1917..-
1918—
Jan. 1, 1919, to March 31,1920
1920-1921	
1921-1922 	
1922-1923  __	
1923-1924	
1924-1925. —  .	
1925-1926 	
1926-1927  —	
1927-1928	
1928-1929 	
1929-1930  	
1930-1931	
1931-1932 -  	
1932-1933 	
1933-1934 	
1934-1935 - 	
18
1
1
15
10
2
5
12
4
3
29
3
3
10
22
11
3
5
14
4
4
3
16
7
3
8
18
4
1
8
17
5
5
13
5
3
5
7
3
1
2
8
4
1
3
10
2
4
2
20
5
5
27
10
6
6
36
15
5
5
26
12
6
3
41
14
5
4
52
17
6
12
49
19
4
20
52
17
10
13
44
14
18
14
80
13
19
19
62
29
11
20
64
23
25
9
74
20
8
14
81
27
13
19
101
31
32
21
113
38
27
29
115
40
20
25
121
30
31
25
139
38
37
26
115
46
26
26
123
43
33
27
150
36*
43
28
221
48
43
39
230
68*
56
57
232
73t
77
40
280
84
82
41
332
67t
114
60
375
74*
128
76
380
90§
146
67
402
58
126
74
332
83
91
89
353
73t
96
80
371
88
78
106
375
75
95
132
574
116
221
132
489
88
173
122
478
96
178
114
438
91
167
133
447
84f
121
163
461
63
242
138
475
57||
240
142
494
76§
171
161
542
75*
252
147
543
92t
294
181
602
118*
311
223
632
70*
235
191
562
581
299
181
635
44§
323
195
610
61t
309
200
653
71*
349
221
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61 I
66 I
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
536
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1,301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
1,784
1,884
1,995
2,125
2,269
2,347
2,411 !
2,550
2,676
2,824
2,960
3,080
2
5
13
3
3
2
5
7
1
	
2
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
2
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
28
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46
111
83
48
87
100
111
130
144
78
64
139
126
148
136
120
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
2,234
2,327
2,434
2,565
2,743
2,914
3,063
3,148
3,214
3,390
3,530
3,721
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34.78
24.79
27.34
40.00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22.63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
18.56
13.66
12.00
15.38
13.28
16.76
19.10
10.60
10.32
6.92
10.00
10.87
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.36
64.20
66.16
62.53
50.00
60.33
71.07
71.26
64.24
63.52
58.42
60.65
64.32
5.55
16.12
11.53
20.83
9.35
6.12
16.16
14.81
8.62
8.19
3.63
5.26
3.33
6.94
6.81
4.80
2.87
3.25
7.64
11.69
6.95
7.60
8.92
8.92
3.94
5.69-
6.66
6.42
8.14
6.63
6.06
5.57
5.42
5.34
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
4.57
5.83
7.02
5.30
5.43
6.19
5.24
6.42
7.47
6.51
5.97
5.33
6.10
7.25
5.93
5.83
6.27
5.36
6.21
7.28
6.06
5.63
5.75
5.66
5.94
* Three not insane.
II Six not insane.
t One not insane.
U Five not insane.
t Two not insane.
§ Four not insane. STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 23
Table No. 3.—Showing the Total Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths
from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Months.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
*
1934.
April	
May  — -	
33
30
31
37
40
27
34
37
38
27
21
20
33
20
14
18
21
17
60
51
51
70
60
41
52
58
55
21
17
10
6
13
14
9
13
13
27
11
13
6
6
4
10
10
20
28
28
23
12
19
18
19
23
33
19
9
13
6
15
10
8
13
12
3
9
2
3
4
2
6
5
6
22
18
July     ,
August    	
9
19
18
December 	
18
1935.
January  -  	
February    _.	
27
36
33
22
20
17
49
56
50
19
73
12
13
16
5
32
89
17
18
21
8
12
8
9
30
29
17
Totals  	
403
250
653
220
121
341
152
69
221
Table No. 4.—Showing the Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
117
248
6
31
1
141
78
2
29
258
326
8
60
1
403
250
653
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Religious Denominations.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
2
1
5
2
10
8
3
35
2
2
244
1
81
2
4
2
1
5
2
2
13
2
5
1
176
37
2
1
1
1
2
1
5
4
11
5
10
5
48
2
7
3
420
1
118
4
5
1
403
250
653 X 24
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
2
21
319
38
22
1
5
17
187
26
15
7
Good _ _	
38
506
64
37
1
Totals  _	
403
250
653
Table No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
5
1
2
1
10
4
5
91
9
1
7
2
1
13
4
4
5
2
8
3
2
7
21
6
27
2
3
1
11
57
14
8
8
37
1
12
1
	
2
3
1
56
2
4
1
1
5
3
1
1
3
1
7
21
3
1
27
2
7
44
5
3
1
26
2
4
12
1
3
8
1
2
Brazil   _     	
1
11
4
5
147
11
1
11
2
Holland          	
1
1
1
18
Ttolj,
7
4
5
1
2
9
6
3
14
42
9
1
54
2
5
1
Canada—
18
101
19
11
9
63
3
16
19
1
Totals _       .                                                  —  __
403
250
653 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 25
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
3
1
4
12
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
2
3
1
1
1
1
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
11
1
1
2
2
1
1
16
1
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
1
3
1
1
5
28
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
6
1
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
4
1
4
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
13
1
89
1
4
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
2
1
3
1
1
1
1
6
6
1
10
6
2
5
1
6
2
5
4
6
1
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
3
1
2
1
1
1
1
i
48
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
3
2
10
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
3
1
1
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
137
Keithley 	
1
6
1
Ladner  —	
1
2
Langley— 	
5
1
Atli Inlet                   _
Lone Prairie  	
2
Lytton—-  	
Maillardville— —
Marpole	
1
4
Brandywine Falls	
Mayo	
1
3
Merville 	
Milner 	
Mission   	
Nanaimo  	
1
1
B.C. Penitentiary 	
9
8
1
20
Canoe  ' 	
Oakalla Prison Farm.	
7
3
1
7
1
2
Chilliwack- 	
Port Essington-  	
1
3
6
1
Port Kells
2
1
Cranbrook 	
Pouce Coupe 	
2
7
Prince Rupert  —	
Princeton 	
6
Deroche	
7
1
Quathiaski Cove. 	
Queens Bay. - — - - 	
Quesnel -	
Quilchena  - -	
Ramsay Arm.— -	
Revelstoke   __. .
1
Enderby   —
Fernie   _	
1
1
1
Fort St. John  	
1
3
1
1
Rolla     	
1
Great Central Lake  -
Rossland— -
2
1
4
1
Hedley.   —
Heffley Creek 	
Sahtlam  	
Salmo  — —
1
3
1
2
loco 	
SicamouS-   —	
1
1
Jessica 	
Skeena River   	
1
1
Smithers—	
3
89
48
137
201
101 .
302 X 26
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1934,
TO March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Place of Residence.
Male.
Female.
Total.
201
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
1
142
101
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
108
302
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
i
l
2
1
1
1
5
1
1
250
357
9
1
3
22
1
1
1
1
3
1
1
1
1
219
4
1
22
1
1
1
1
576
13
Sooke   	
Vancouver, West. 	
Vernon  	
2
3
44
Squamish	
Steveston  _.
Vidette Mines 	
Westbank  	
1
1
1
1
Whaletown- 	
Whitehorse- 	
White Rock	
1
1
4
1
Taylor  .
Wingdam— —
Yale  _
Yarrow 	
1
Trail 	
Tranquille 	
1
1
1
Totals	
Vancouver-	
403
250
653
357
219
576 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 27
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Occupation.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
10
1
1
2
9
1
6
1
1
1
1
3
1
38
2
6
1
1
5
1
2
2
1
122
4
1
7
1
3
158
9
1
1
3
1
2
1
1
3
1
1
1
2
1
1
10
1
1
2
13
1
7
1
1
7
1
1
1
3
1
38
2
6
1
1
5
1
3
158
2
9
2
1
122
1
238
13
4
1
3
5
5
2
2
1
1
17
1
34
2
3
1
8
9
1
19
7
7
184
1
47
3
1
1
1
422
Agent  	
Logger  	
Longshoreman	
13
4
1
Machinist  	
3
5
5
Merchant 	
Messenger 	
Mill-hand  	
Millwright 	
Miner 	
Motorman _ 	
2
2
1
Butcher	
1
17
1
1
None  	
Nurse 	
Nursemaid 	
Orderly 	
Painter	
Photographer 	
Printer 	
Prospector	
Rancher.—	
Restaurant-keeper	
Retired  	
81
Chauffeur  	
3
1
Clerk	
Conductor 	
Cook _	
2
3
1
Dairyman _ 	
Department manager	
1
8
9
1
20
7
7
1                4
5
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
2
1
3
1
3
4
1
3
Shoemaker 	
1
1
Florist                      	
Stenographer 	
4
1
1
Student 	
Tailor 	
Teamster 	
2
1
2
1
1
2
Unknown	
Waiter   	
1
4
1
Totals	
238
184
422
403
250      1      653 X 28
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Un
15
22
35
39
47
38
38
37
35
24
29
12
15
12
5
10
17
18
28
22
25
29
30
22
11
13
9
6
9
1
25
20     „         _.      _.
39
25     „ 	
53
30     „          	
67
35     „     _	
69
40     „      	
63
45     „      _      	
67
50     „	
67
55     „     	
57
60      „           _.
35
65      „          	
42
70      „          _.              _.
21
75     „	
21
80     „                            _	
21
Ove
r     80     „    __ __.   _       ._ 	
6
Totals              	
403
250
653
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First                                                             	
209
55
8
4
10
1
116
144
48
10
3
10
1
34
353
103
Third    -                 - _
18
Fourth _                                   	
7
20
2
150
Totals                                    	
403
250
653
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
Total.
78
83
38
24
16
9
11
4
13
16
1
110
31
51
37
15
16
16
8
7
9
12
1
47
109
134
75
6      „     	
39
„     12       „         _ _ _ 	
32
25
5      „                    _                                   	
19
„    10     „                                                  	
11
„    15     „                  _ _ _    __
22
28
2
157
Totals                                        -   -            	
403
250
653 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 29
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Heredity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
10
10
33
19
329
1
10
12
36
30
161
1
1
20
22
69
49
490
2
Totals  — - 	
403
250
653
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Alleged Cause.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Alcohol .	
Arteriosclerosis .
Arthritis  _
Birth injury	
Blindness 	
Cardiac.— 	
Congenital	
Constitutional	
Epilepsy	
Heredity	
Heredity, inferred—.
Heredity, maternal-
Heredity, paternal-
Heredity, paternal and maternal-
Lues  	
Menopause  - -	
Morphine-     —
Multiple sclerosis-
Nephritis	
Not insane 	
Overwork 	
Paralysis agitans 	
Puerperal poisoning	
Pulmonary tuberculosis-
Senility  	
War service .
Worry	
Totals-
15
29
1
1
1
2
5
175
9
33
19
10
10
1
42
2
36
3
2
1
403
1
54
4
36
30
12
10
12
1
1
1
2
1
1
28
42
250
18
38
1
2
1
2
6
229
13
69
49
22
20
1
54
1
3'
1
1
2
1
3
1
3
64
3
2
43
653
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
79
283
41
44
167
39
123
450
80
Totals           _       	
403
250
653 X 30
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Form of Disorder.
Acute mania 	
Arteriosclerosis	
Dementia pr_ecox..
Epilepsy with psychosis-
General paresis  —
Gumma of brain with psychosis..
Hypomania  	
Idiopathic epilepsy	
Imbecility and idiocy.	
Involutional melancholia-
Manic depressive	
Mental deficiency with psychosis..
Moron  	
Neurosyphilis-
Not insane	
Paranoia	
Presenile dementia-
Psychoneurosis	
Psychopathic inferiority	
Psychosis with paralysis agitans-
Puerperal psychosis.— 	
Senile dementia	
Somatic disease 	
Tabes dorsalis-  .—	
Tabo-paresis with psychosis..
Toxic psychosis- — _
Traumatic psychosis	
Totals  --	
Male.
3
29
170
9
40
1
2
26
8
38
1
4-
1
2
1
2
2
1
35
6
1
1
18
2
403
Female.
76
7
10
1
2
17
9
71
2
1
1
2
1
28
6
1
Total.
4
37
246
16
50
1
1
4
43
17
109
1
6
1
2
4
1
5
2
1
1
63
12
2
1
21
2
Table No. 17.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
32
112
73
3
20
38
39
76
6
30
41
71
188
79
3
50
79
Totals.      _	
278
192
470
Table No. 18.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in
those discharged from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
43
50
8
7
8
9
4
1
17
3
70
20
30
14
5
5
12
5
12
18
63
80
22
„         3      „           - -      	
12
6       „       .   ._ _       _.         _
13
12    ,",      -          	
21
9
3    „        - -           ..-	
1
29
3
88
Totals   _	
220
121
341 STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 31
Table No. 19.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Discharged
Discharged
Discharged
Not
RECOVERED.
improved.
unimproved.
Insane.
Length of Residence.
J.
■ti
-ti
B
QJ
Eh
-ti
3
■ti
S
QJ
Ph
■ti
*3
S
QJ
fm
■ti
s
SI
Ph
2
1
6
8
5
2
2
4
8
6
1
3
„      3      „       — _. 	
7
5
4
11
3
„      6      „         	
9
10
22
10
12
1
„      9      „         	
4
6
6
10
2
1
„    12      „         	
3
4
13
6
8
1
,,      2 years_.  	
2
5
21
15
6
1
_»
3     „     __	
1
1
6
4
2
„      4     „     .  	
1
3
2
1
„     5     „                    _	
1
1
3
1
4
5 years and over..  	
2
20
3
29
—
—
Totals  	
32
39
112
76
73
6
3
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich.
Register
No
TIMF
in Hospital.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
3546
R. M. C.
M.
55
21
2
13
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
6355
C. Z.
M.
36
13
11
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13679
A. McA.
M.
55
21
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
13725
C. G.
M.
55
1
Exhaustion of acute mania.
13542
G. Y. or McW.
M.
50
3
16
Exhaustion of dementia pr_ecox.
8985
A. E. B.
F.
61
8
2
26
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6218
J. G.
M.
68
14
2
17
Chronic myocarditis; arteriosclerosis.
13098
R. P. B.
M.
40
1
20
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
13205
H. J. M. G.
F.
75
10
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
4400
P. D.
M.
60
9
19
Lymphosarcoma of abdominal glands.
10240
W. D. H.
M.
66
5
10
5
Chronic myocarditis ;   auricular fibrillation.
12444
A.
F.
55
2
1
6
Erysipelas ;   tabo-paresis.
9323
J. S. S.
M.
75
7
7
14
Chronic myocarditis; arteriosclerosis.
13739
S. F.
M.
77
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13736
D. W. B.
M.
70
12
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
11903
H. F. H.
M.
27
3
25
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13552
M. C. H.
M.
60
3
22
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
13695
J. B. P.
M.
63
1
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13661
W. A.
M.
59
1
26
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13741
R. N. B.
M.
69
21
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
11844
D. M. G.
F.
36
3
2
18
Acute miliary tuberculosis.
11308
T.B.
M.
92
4
21
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13722
V. P.
M.
50
	
1
7
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13618
A. G.
F.
69
3
3
Perforated gastric ulcer with peritonitis.
8017
P. H.
M.
49
10
5
15
Pernicious ansemia.
13786
M. D.
F.
47
12
Exhaustion of acute delirious mania ;  suppurative parotitis.
8093
A. L.
M.
41
10
3
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13750
M. J. D.
F.
26
1
1
Pulmonary tuberculosis ;   mastoiditis  (acute).
9688
O. D.
M.
26
6
11
25
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9223
C. E. j.
M.
32
7
10
23
Suicide by driving 3 V2 -inch nail into his skull.
13496
J. G.
F.
68
6
8
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
1852
D. T. D.
M.
62
27
5
1
Exhaustion   of   manic   depressive   psychosis;
cerebral h_emorrhage. X 32
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
TlM.
in Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
No.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
13423
E. W.
F.
50
8
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13808
J.J.
M.
29
11
Exhaustion of acute mania;  acute otitis media.
13512
M.S.
F.
40
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11347
S. F.
M.
28
4
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9077
F. L. C.
F.
53
8
2
18
Myocarditis ; exhaustion of epilepsy with psychosis.
13307
A. M. C.
F.
70
10
12
Chronic myocarditis; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13454
W. J.
M.
53
7
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12872
c. s.
M.
44
1
6
18
Chronic myocarditis.
13831
J. c.
M.
39
	
5
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
13787
E. e. p.
M.
68
1
10
Chronic myocarditis ; chronic intestitial nephritis.
11901
w. e. l.
M.
59
3
2
22
Chronic myocarditis.
13824
M. F.
F.
47
25
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12984
R. A. A.
M.
59
1
5
Chronic myocarditis; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13688
M. McD.
F.
45
3
5
Cerebral haemorrhage.
13863
T. R.
M.
61
	
11
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13861
D. B.
M.
81
13
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
639
A. K.
M.
71
38
11
26
Exhaustion of terminal dementia; diabetes
mellitus.
13430
T. C. G.
M.
36
9
4
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13849
M. J.
M.
62
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13341
R. M.
M.
36
—
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13908
J. E. H.
M.
69
6
Cerebral haemorrhage;   arteriosclerotic dementia.
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
5566
M. C. C. G.
F.
44
15
11
18
12953
E. k. J.
M.
78
1
6
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12414
A. H.
F.
67
5
8
Chronic myocarditis;   hypostatic pneumonia.
11828
N. H.
F.
40
3
5
21
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13984
R. D.
M.
85
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13900
C. McK.
M.
61
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
8271
F. H. M.
M.
45
10
1
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11170
M.S.
F.
54
4
6
12
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia; bronchitis.
13858
H. W.
M.
75
1
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13570
R. C. P.
M.
64
7
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia ; cerebral haemorrhage.
13553
D. McA.
M.
63
7
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13959
T. K.
M.
64
9
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
5253
H.N.
M.
63
16
10
26
Chronic myocarditis; arteriosclerosis; fractured hip.
13975
A. T. D.
M.
55
5
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
1092
L. 0. Q.
M.
80
33
7
28
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
13973
J. R. H.
M.
50
13
Exhaustion of psychosis with somatic disease;
osteoarthritis left hip.
13738
J. F. G.
M.
41
.—
4
21
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
13886
A. McL.
M.
76
1
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13992
T. W.
M.
29
—
11
Exhaustion of acute mania ; streptococci septicaemia.
13934
A. H.
M.
42
1
6
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12697
F. E. R.
F.
35
2
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
11861
M. A. K.
F.
66
3
5
22
Carcinoma of large intestine.
10983
A. F.
F.
68
4
11
23
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13929
R. M. B.
M.
47
1
12
Exhaustion of general paresis ; bronchopneumonia.
14003
I. H.
M.
88
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14015
S. L. C.
F.
76
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13634
G. T. McF.
M.
80
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13896
M. McK.
F.
35
1
"
2
10
Exhaustion of general paresis. STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 33
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Register
TlMB
in Hospital.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Certified Cause.
13399
E. McL.
M.
25
1
3
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
14013
B. McL.
M.
64
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14004
W. H.
M.
59
	
1
2
Tabo-paresis.
13748
L. M.
M.
59
	
5
13
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
11211
F. O. R.
M.
38
4
7
18
Gumma of the brain ;   emphysema.
13114
E. A.
M.
22
1
6
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14068
L. P.
F.
48
4
Exhaustion of psychosis with somatic disease;
pulmonary tuberculosis.
13131
H. J. A.
M.
43
1
6
Chronic interstitial nephritis.
14060
T. R.
M.
67
10
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
14055
E. P.
F.
76
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14048
A. M. McF.
M.
20
27
Exhaustion of dementia prsecox.
14044
A.J.
F.
62
	
1
2
Myocarditis ;   arteriosclerotic dementia.
lllll
R. C. L.
F.
23
4
10
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13683
E. F. E. 0.
F.
63
8
10
Cerebral h_emorrhage.
12261
H. A. S.
M.
74
2
11
11
Chronic myocarditis; exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
10499
L. C. M.
F.
76
5
10
24
Chronic myocarditis;   bronchopneumonia.
6889
J.D. L.
M.
76
13
4
4
Chronic myocarditis ;;  arteriosclerosis.
14051
A. S.
F.
45
1
7
Exhaustion of dementia pra_cox.
14101
H. C.
M.
68
7
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
7853
H. McL.
M.
87
11
3
13
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
14041
J. H.
M.
45
1
21
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13944
H. G. M.
M.
74
3
13
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13628
A. S.
F.
67
_..
9
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
11259
K. M. T.
F.
25
4
7
27
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis;
chronic myocarditis.
10331
J. H.
M.
79
5
3
"
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia; bronchopneumonia ;   coronary sclerosis.
13219
A. A.
M.
68
1
5
13
Chronic myocarditis.
14074
M. G.
F.
47
1
8
Bronchopneumonia.
13960
G. T.
M.
80
3
19
Chronic myocarditis ; arteriosclerosis.
13961
P. McD.
M.
38
3
23
Exhaustion of general paresis.
3348
T. M.
M.
57
22
4
28
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
14153
S. M.
M.
59
4
Exhaustion of involutional melancholia.
11424
C. H.
M.
35
	
4
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
13890
J. H.
M.
77
4
27
Carcinoma of the tongue.
12539
E. B. S.
F.
51
2
6
28
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12534
S. B.
F.
70
2
7
3
Status epilepticus.
1959
G. C. R.
M.
62
27
4
6
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
13003
M. Y.
M.
19
1
10
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13471
C. E. L.
M.
21
1
1
12
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14131
L.S.
M.
53
	
1
Exhaustion of general paresis.
12206
W.J.
M.
66
3
2
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5169
H. P. J.
M.
67
17
5
24
Pernicious anaemia.
13240
V. H.
F.
27
1
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
10231
L.
F.
76
6
6
12
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13169
A.N.
F.
73
1
7
16
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13881
H. H.
M.
30
5
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14171
A. A.
M.
36
18
Bronchopneumonia ; strangulation by hanging ;
suicide.
5686
F. O.
M.
62
16
1
11
Carcinoma of right lung.
6536
S. M.
M.
50
14
3
18
Cerebral haemorrhage.
14196
J.L.
M.
78
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
12827
F. J. E. D.
M.
77
2
2
16
Cerebral haemorrhage.
5310
J. G. M.
M.
72
17
1
24
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
13888
T. T.
M.
62
6
Bronchopneumonia;   manic depressive.
14206
A. S. F.
M.
50
2
6
22
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12618
J. M.
M.
71
2
6
22
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13655
J. W.
F.
50
10
8
Cancer of rectum with perforation ; generalized
peritonitis. X 34
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
rABLE NO. 20.
—Record of
Deaths from April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich—Continued.
Time in Hospital.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
Years.
Months.
Days.
11413
L. G.
F.
49
4
6
27
Pulmonary tuberculosis ; tuberculous laryngitis.
9590
J. P. S.
M.
81
7
9
11
Bronchopneumonia;   senile dementia.
14149
A. B.
M.
73
1
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
1293
T. r. b.
M.
75
32
3
23
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
14225
K. F.
M.
45
9
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
12353
G. L. B.
M.
81
3
5
Chronic myocarditis ;  arteriosclerosis.
14246
D. r.
M.
43
6
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8714
W. J. P.
M.
75
9
7
15
Cerebral haemorrhage.
14238
N. A. B.
F.
60
15
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13768
A. M. W.
F.
53
9
_-._
Bronchopneumonia;   dementia praecox.
8470
M. A. H.
F.
50
10
1
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
2906
F. E. S.
F.
71
23
9
Coronary sclerosis ;   myocarditis.
12145
M. A. S.
F.
66
3
4
27
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5091
J. A.
F.
68
17
9
18
Cerebral haemorrhage.
12597
L. H.
M.
35
2
7
22
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
12793
L. P. 0.
M.
63
2
4
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
14253
W.J.
M.
40
	
16
Exhaustion of general paresis.
14229
R. W.
M.
75
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13681
L. H. B.
F.
72
10
16
Bronchopneumonia;   chronic myocarditis.
5201
M.S.
F.
53
17
5
25
Cerebral haemorrhage;   arteriosclerosis ;   congenital cystic kidneys.
14227
M. Z.
F.
51
29
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
14267
G. M. M.
M.
78
5
Carcinoma of the penis.
9075
H. B. K.
M.
45
8
10
29
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
14183
J. M.
M.
60
2
Chronic myocarditis ;   arteriosclerosis.
13433
M.L.
M.
83
1
4
6
Chronic myocarditis;   arteriosclerosis.
14232
G. H. F.
M.
72
1
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14190
J. Y. McN.
M.
82
1
28
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13528
E. S.
F.
45
1
2
....
Intestinal   obstruction    (adhesions) ;     general
paresis.
14288
J. B.
M.
74
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
1311
J. L. 0.
M.
29
1
6
25
Bronchopneumonia;   dementia praecox.
13344
W. M.
M.
81
1
7
4
Cerebral haemorrhage;   arteriosclerosis.
13590
J. S.
F.
80
1
1
Cerebral haemorrhage.
13121  .
C. W. S.
F.
85
1
10
16
Myocarditis;   senile dementia.
9490
C. A. Z.
M.
80
8
1
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
11968
W. McK.
M.
33
3
9
12
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
14263
M. J. M.
F.
74
27
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14303
D. L.
M.
80
8
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
13852
H. C.
F.
81
8
11
Bronchopneumonia;   senile dementia-
13480
A. B.
M.
63
1
3
19
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
10632
W. A. A.
M.
75
6
5
20
Arteriosclerosis;   coronary sclerosis.
6444
M.S.
F.
65
14
7
24
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
14110
F. L.
M.
63
3
23
Exhaustion of arteriosclerotic dementia.
14160
C. S.
M.
44
3
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
14306
D. C. D.
M.
50
13
Exhaustion of manic depressive psychosis.
10961
R. A. F.
M.
67
5
5
18
Chronic myocarditis;  arteriosclerosis.
11646
R. M. H.
F.
56
4
4
Bronchopneumonia;    involutional melancholia.
6973
F. S.
F.
68
13
6
27
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13320
J. Mel.
M.
52
1
7
2
Bronchopneumonia ;   dementia praecox.
13302
L. L.
F.
76
1
7
23
Chronic myocarditis ;   coronary sclerosis.
13790
A. A. C.
F.
46
10
12
Hypostatic pneumonia;   cerebral infarct;   intestinal obstruction due to fibroid of uterus.
7206
D. L.
M.
77
13
1
4
Bronchopneumonia;   senile dementia.
12467
M. J. L.
F.
79
2
11
18
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
14314
P. G.
F.
84
	
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
13010
A. McD.
F.
25
2
1
19
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
8691
R. S.
M.
62
9
10
	
Bronchopneumonia ;  imbecile with psychosis.
4291
B. S.
M.
67
20
3
16
Carcinoma of the liver;   chronic myocarditis.
12738
J. H. M.
F.
69
2
7
7
Hypostatic  pneumonia ;    chronic  myocarditis ;
tic-douloureux. STATISTICAL TABLES.
X 35
Table No. 20.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1934,
Essondale, New Westminster, and Saanich-
to March 31st, 1935,
-Continued.
Register
Time
in Hospital.
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Certified Cause.
14363
M. H.
F.
77
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7285
T. H. M.
M.
37
12
21
Status epilepticus and pneumonia.
6281
J. B.
M.
65
14
2
18
Chronic interstitial nephritis with generalized
arteriosclerosis.
12037
D. P.
M.
18
2
11
18
Acute bronchopneumonia.
8614
F. B.
M.
44
9
5
16
Friedreich's ataxia.
13518
R. V. N.
M.
45
9
10
Acute pulmonary tuberculosis.
12569
C. W.
M.
23
2
4
5
Pulmonary abscess.
12789
S. W.
M.
21
2
1
28
Pneumonia.
9420
W. J. B.
M.
65
8
18
Status epilepticus.
12404
M. E. G.
F.
5
2
9
29
Bronchopneumonia.
7425
J. B.
M.
68
11
4
22
Acute volvulus.
14178
S. McC.
F.
7
1
1
4
Exhaustion of hydrocephalic idiocy.
6234
M. T.
F.
56
14
11
9
Carcinoma of the uterus ; perforated rectum
with peritonitis.
13602
G. T.
M.
78
11
27
Apoplexy.
13370
R. R. R.
M.
14
1
6
26
Dysentery and pneumonia.
12577
B. B. C.
M.
7
2
8
18
Status epilepticus.
7433
F. M. D.
M.
26
12
6
18
Exhaustion of dementia praecox.
7415
H. F. S.
F.
22
12
7
3
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
13592
D. J. M.
M.
7
1
14
Acute dysentery.
11916
L. B.
M.
12
3
11
4
Acute cardiac dilatation.
13435
L. B.
M.
7
1
5
6
Acute dysentery.
9903
W. G. B.
M.
68
7
4
14
Pyelomephritis and arteriosclerosis.
11581
M. C.
M.
50
3
6
29
Phthisis pulmonalis.
12558
E. F. M. J.
M.
28
2
23
Phthisis pulmonalis.
7849
R. C.
M.
57
11
5
Myocarditis.
9383
W. TJ.
M.
51
7
8
20
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
9203
J. N.
M.
40
8
4
18
Phthisis pulmonalis.
12605
R. H.
M.
34
2
7
18
Lobar pneumonia. X 36
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations effected from April 1st, 1934,
to March 31st, 1935.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior to
Admission to Hospital.
Period in Hospital.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
Years.
Months.
Days.
12531
A. S.
J. P.
E.K.
S. B.
J. W.
M. B.
J. W.
C. K. K.
W. 0. J.
R. S.
G. R.
K. S.
C. J.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
U.S.A.
1
1
7
4
5
6
6
6
3
5
4
3
5
4
9
2
7
7
5
17
2
13
1
25
8
21
1
1
1
11
10
10
1
6
5
4
4
3
4
3
1
5
21
13247
13489
13452
Austria 	
Finland	
11
13
21
13493
21
13514
13506
13612
Germany —
20
23
13638
U.S.A.                       	
16
13835
13778
14262
13458
England	
England*	
Japan	
20
28
20
26
* Bd. at B.C. Pen. BURSAR'S REPORT. X 37
PART IL—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., November 5th, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—In submitting the financial report of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ended
March 31st, 1935, attached hereto, I beg to submit balance-sheets and profit and loss accounts,
together with other statistical statements covering the operations for that year.
Our total gross operating expenditures for the three mental institutions of the Province,
as shown in detail by Table D, amounted to $991,326.66, as compared with $912,435.81 for last
year, an increase of $78,890.85. This large increase is in a measure accounted for by some
unusual expenditures during the year and includes the purchase of talking-picture equipment
for both New Westminster and Saanich institutions, new laundry tumbler for Saanich, together
with new blankets, and the large outlay of $18,522.96 for the repatriation of Chinese patients
to China. This latter expense is hardly justifiable as a charge against the one year and might
reasonably be written off over a period of time. In addition to the above, we include the
purchase of a new delivery-truck for Essondale and the restoring of full-time employment to
those of our mechanical staff who had been on three-quarter time for some years.
For the last few years, during the depression, we have reduced our maintenance and
repairs expenditures down to some 8 per cent, of our total expenditures of the institution, but
in the year under review we have advanced our expenditures to 10 per cent, at New Westminster and 11% per cent, at Essondale, while at Saanich three times as much money was
spent, raising it from 2.1 to 8.7 per cent.
At the Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster, we had an increase in provision
account, due to better menus for both staff and patients, while at Essondale we are up in
practically every heading, with the exception of fuel, light, and water, where we see a $5,000
reduction.
Our daily average population of the three institutions was 3,069.50, which, based on the
expenditure of $991,326.66, gives us a gross per capita cost of $322.96 per year or 88.48 cents
per day, which, compared with last year, shows an increase of $6.66 per year or 1.82 cents
per day.
The value of farm produce to the Public Hospital for Insane at New Westminster amounted
to $16,656.05, while that supplied to Essondale Hospital amounted to $113,402.08, or a total of
$130,058.13, itemized statements of which will be seen in Colony Farm report.
Revenue.—Revenue remitted to the Treasury from our three institutions totalled
$152,239.56, while the sum of $329,569 was collected under the " Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act," making a total remitted to the Treasury on account of Mental
Hospitals of $481,808.56, as compared with $462,582.60 last year.
In our statements making up our per capita cost is included the sum of $102,330.08, which
was the sum expended by voucher for Colony Farm.
In summing up, I might say that the past year we have somewhat raised the standard of
our Hospital, both in diet, social-service work, and occupational therapy, which has increased
our expenditures. Whereas we had one clinic in Vancouver per week, there are now two,
and in September, 1934, the Victoria Child Guidance Clinic was opened, which necessitated
additional expense.
I am happy to report that we had a most satisfactory and thorough audit made of the
institution books, and the Bursar's department has worked with the various departments of X 38 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
the Government in a most harmonious way, and I wish to take this opportunity of thanking
yourself and medical staff for the many courtesies and co-operation to my department for the
year under review.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. NEW WESTMINSTER. X 39
PUBLIC HOSPITAL FOR INSANE, NEW WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1935.
Assets.
Cemetery  $610.89
Buildings        866,648.21
Plant and equipment  21,200.82
Furniture and fixtures  17,900;00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions   $3,088.76
Furniture and fixtures     2,111.19
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies      $85.19
Tools, P.W.D.   1,652.60
Stores, P.W.D.       830.39
     2,568.18
Clothing      9,866.17
Miscellaneous        138.81
  17,773.11
Deficit (cost of operations, 1934-35)        169,033.79
$1,093,166.82
        \
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia  $1,093,166.82
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Salaries      $93,115.99
Office supplies  :__ 1,411.09
Travelling expenses   129.51
Fuel, water, light, and power  16,160.22
Maintenance and repairs  18,228.45
Furniture and fixtures   1,731.96
Provisions   38,215.48
Clothing   4,845.86
Medical and surgical supplies  1,984.74
Examinations, committals, and transportation  7.75
Incidentals and unforeseen  5,503.95
Collections for year to Treasury               $12,301.21
Net operating cost for year               169,033.79
$181,335.00     $181,335.00 X 40 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
PROVINCIAL MENTAL HOSPITAL, ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1935.
Assets.
Land      $117,763.50
Buildings      4,297,234.70
Furniture and fixtures        101,927.48
Plant and equipment  59,016.98
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions   $9,620.68
Clothing  10,312.15
Furniture and fixtures     8,386.23
Miscellaneous      1,174.12
Fuel      3,001.00
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies     $240.12
Tools, P.W.D.  1  4,526.89
Stores, P.W.D.   6,803.09
  11,570.10
Medical and surgical     3,038.46
  47,102.74
Deficit (cost of operations, 1934-35)        588,301.21
$5,211,346.61
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia  $5,211,346.61
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Salaries   $282,045.43
Office supplies   7,355.79
Travelling expenses   1,269.35
Fuel, water, light, and power  71,604.73
Repairs and renewals  82,780.82
Furniture and fixtures _  8,521.60
Provisions   169,518.68
Clothing, boots, etc  37,545.27
Medical and surgical supplies  8,883.17
Examinations, committals, and transportation  27,786.34
Incidentals, and contingencies  16,716.56
Collections for year to Treasury             $125,726.53
Net operating cost for year               588,301.21
$714,027.74     $714,027.74 SAANICH. X 41
MENTAL HOME, SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1935.
Assets.
Buildings ■   $284,359.31
Furniture and fixtures  19,278.25
Implements and stock  5,478.30
Airing and recreation courts  750.00
Inventories (unissued stores) —
Provisions   $1,428.04
Clothing      5,325.00
Furniture and fixtures     2,668.76
Maintenance and repairs—
Janitors' supplies   $351.77
Tools and stores, P.W.D     336.97
        688.74
Miscellaneous   48.66
Fuel        118.20
  10,277.40
Deficit (cost of operations, 1934-35)   82,264.23
$402,407.49
Liabilities.
Government of Province of British Columbia      $402,407.49
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Salaries      $44,944.27
Office supplies  610.14
Travelling expenses   92.52
Fuel, water, light, and power  8,082.49
Maintenance and repairs  8,384.90
Furniture and fixtures  1,845.81
Provisions   21,613.50
Clothing  4,487.81
Medical and surgical supplies   346.35
Examinations, committals, and transportation  158.55
Incidentals and unforeseen  5,397.58
Collections for year to Treasury               $13,699.69
Net operating cost for year         82,264.23
$95,963.92       $95,963.92 X 42
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1872  (81 days)          - -
16.57
16.07
16.76
27.42
36.41
34.61
36.52
38.17
45.42
47.18
47.86
48.73
48.70
54.67
59.11
73.55
79.43
71.30
78.78
119.87
125.24
133.92
148.64
162.97
171.43
188.91
216.53
226.44
243.24
269.56
296.62
332.23
351.55
340.90
374.57
419.24
490.80
526.85
563.33
641.02
736.72
550.54
384.07
487.24
489.07
515.74
560.56
524.17
633.13
535.66
716.35
585.38
752.78
562.12
755.46
90.51
567.47
834.10
108.67
596.07
$2,265.25
7,841.94
8,232.41
9,892.38
12,558.18
12,917.17
13,985.05
10,253.72
10,552.18
10,691.76
11,343.65
11,829.11
11,843.94
15,555.87
15,334.43
15,945.22
16,261.06
15,657.79
17,577.80
21,757.03
23,518.37
25,904.98
26,495.83
31,587.89
32,001.40
36,224.76
46,420.25
54,917.45
59,349.20
55,406.08
55,345.65
59,353.57
66,052.76
63,342.07
66,596.69
74,874.64
90,269.49
96,586.32
103,900.44
126,782.50
130,924.06
119,663.71
71,079.84
125,981.45
131,420.44
123,021.70
123,878.43
116,052.21
155,698.37
124,124.68
166,231.51
156,574.85
222,097.37
236,631.90
357,630.99
40,433.28
233,486.76
336,585.35
51,995.87
210,887.45
$616.00
1873                               	
487.98
1874                              	
491.20
1875                                           -    -
360.77
1876                                -_ :_  	
344.91
1877                               - 	
373.26
1878                          -      	
382.93
1879                               _	
268.63
1880                              	
232.32
1881                                 	
226.62
1882    -.                      _--	
237.02
1883                               _	
242.75
1884         .       -    -.	
243.20
1885    	
284.54
1886     _	
259.42
1887-— __	
216.70
1888                              	
204.72
1889                                _.
219.60
1890                              	
223.13
1891   	
181.50
1892                                	
187.80
1893                               _	
193.36
1894                                 _.	
178.25
1895.....     _   ..
193.83
1896  	
186.67
1897    	
191.75
1898      	
214.38
1899     _	
242.52
1900                                 	
244.00
1901                              	
205.54
1902     ....
186.59
1903                               _	
178.65
1904	
187.89
1905	
185.80
1906  	
177.79
1907	
178.59
1908   — _	
183.92
1909 ' _	
183.32
1910  	
184.43
1911.. ..                      	
197.78
1912..                     	
177.71
1913, M.H., New Westminster -	
1913, M.H., Essondale  (9 months)  _	
217.36
184.76
258.56
1914, M.H., Essondale- -	
268.36
238.53
1915, M.H., Essondale-   	
1916, M.H., New Westminster 	
220.99
221.40
1916, M.H., Essondale. -	
245.91
1917, M.H., New Westminster 	
231.72
1917, M.H., Essondale .._- _	
232.05
1918, M.H., New Westminster 	
267.47
1918, M.H., Essondale.— ,__ '   .
295.03
1919-20, M.H., New Westminster  (15 months)	
420.97
1919-20, M.H., Essondale   (15 months).....	
473.38
1919-20, M.H., Saanich  (373 days) 	
446 72
1920-21, M.H., New Westminster 	
1920-21, M.H., Essondale ....-	
411.44
403 52
1920-21, M.H., Saanich 	
1921-22, M.H., New Westminster	
478.47
353 79 FINANCIAL TABLES.                                                    X 43
cum
Table A.—Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost—Continued.
Year.
Average
Number in
Residence.
Maintenance
Expenditure.
Per Capita
Cost.
1921-22, M.H., Essondale  	
890.32
$321,150.35
$360.71
1921-22, M.H.
Saanich     	
120.05
47,860.96
398.67
1922-23, M.H.
603.40
214,672.13
355.77
1922-23, M.H.
Essondale. ,   	
942.60
312,955.52
332.01
1922-23, M.H.
Saanich    	
127.57
47,215.01
370.11
1923-24, M.H.
New Westminster    	
628.85
219,277.02
348.69
1923-24, M.H.
Essondale    	
963.83
334,227.39
346.76
1923-24, M.H.
139.69
53,597.29
383.68
1924-25, M.H.
620.23
201,023.79
324.11
1924-25, M.H.
Essondale-    	
1,046.78
385,160.68
367.94
1924-25, M.H.
Saanich    	
156.28
58,715.33
375.70
1925-26, M.H.
612.28
182,864.26
298.66
1925-26, M.H.
1,151.21
454,409.02
394.72
1925-26, M.H.
164.55
69,792.32
363.37
1926-27, M.H.
652.98
185,394.70
283.92
1926-27, M.H.
1,238.81
489,843.33
395.41
1926-27, M.H.
Saanich 	
172.99
67,795.28
391.90
1927-28, M.H.
New Westminster- .— -	
667.33
195,215.68
292.53
1927-28, M.H.
Essondale  -	
1,302.77
522,430.46
401.01
1927-28, M.H.
221.41
84,539.66
381.82
1928-29, M.H.
New Westminster   ' 	
701.22
207,340.35
295.68
1928-29, M.H.
Essondale  	
1,363.43
577,576.29
423.62
1928-29, M.H.
228.96
97,313.32
425.02
1929-30, M.H.
New Westminster  	
737.12
232,653.31
315.62
1929-30, M.H.
Essondale   	
1,414.29
615,048.53
434.88
1929-30, M.H.
Saanich       	
226.62
91,199.58
402.43
1930-31, M.H.
New Westminster—  	
547.98
210,193.51
383.58
1930-31, M.H.
1,693.31
699,548.70
413.12
1930-31, M.H.
240.43
104,342.82
433.98
1931-32, M.H.
361.88
178,146.40
492.28
1931-32, M.H.
1,991.41
706,772.16
354.91
1931-32, M.H.
Saanich    	
254.06
102,171.37
402.15
1932-33, M.H.
389.85
171,767.80
440.60
1932-33, M.H.
Essondale — 	
2,102.92
685,279.78
325.87
1932-33, M.H.
258.95
100,862.54
389.505
1933-34, M.H.
430.00
159,996.23
372.08
1933-34, M.H.
2,191.48
661,657.29
301.92
1933-34, M.H.
Saanich     _ _
263.17
90,782.29
344.95
1934-35, M.H.
489.72
181,335.00
370.28
1934-35, M.H.
Essondale     '
2,317.22
714,027.74
308.14
1934-35, M.H.
Saanich  	
262.56
95,963.92
365.49
• X 44
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT
, 1934-35.
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872  	
$279.38
$184.03
$55 81
$22.44
23 65
$15.55
21 59
$10.18
7 74
$49.30
$616.69
1873 	
221.48
166.81
14 55
1874    	
231.10
152.10
22 07
28.36
7.78
1875 ____	
153.82
113.40
13 98
16 88
25.45
6.73
1876	
143 34
114 45
18 68
17 90
2 86
1877-   —
177.15
126.75
20 69
4 66
20 75
3 74
1878 	
176.16
124.23
30 43
13 94
7.20
9.16
1879  _
134.27
95.10
3 25
15 91
6 39
6 31
1880	
111.84
87.71
5 74
6 00
3 63
1881	
112 44
81 14
6 86
2 56
1882	
121.51
84.52
7 05
4 54
3 49
1883-	
123.81
92.56
6.03
11 04
2.24
1884	
124.02
90.64
7.03
12 43
4 14
2 77
2 18
1885 _.
169.05
84.33
6.33
15 05
3.90
2.93
1886- 	
159.03
69.35
5.49
16.20
3.72
1.59
4.04
259.42
1887... 	
127.80
59.10
5.88
15.38
3.88
.93
3.81
216.78
1888  	
U8.34
60.47
4.41
13.90
3.11
2.09
2.40
204.72
1889- --
131.70
59.11
7.20
12.93
4.13
2.07
2.46
219.60
1890 	
121.54
62.77
9.02
17.31
4.00
1.29
7.19
223.10
1891 ____	
88.35
54.79
3.83
20.43
3.40
1.89
8.81
181.52
1892 	
94.25
56.74
4.69
20.53
3.35
1.80
6.42
187.80
1893 	
95.50
53.55
5.43
22.60
3.39
2.69
10.20
193.36
1894  	
87.76
57.07
5.25
18.83
2.98
1.43
4.93
178.25
1895  	
90.83
61.15
9.90
20.41
2.51
3.10
5.93
193.83
1896  _ 	
89.13
55.93
6.30
20.29
2.56
3.63
8.83
186.67
1897	
89.09
58.18
8.36
19.11
2.95
3.86
10.20
191.75
1898	
94.68
113.31
116.04
69.43
72.91
72.62
9.94
8.31
9.06
21.82
33.96
32.10
2.76
2.50
2.15
5.12 ■
2.73
1.71
10.62
8.80
10.32
214.37
242.52
244.00
1899  _
1900  	
1901 	
99.16
66.65
10.12
18.52
3.25
1.07
6.77
205.54
1902  _	
87.47
61.13
7.95
15.25
4.13
1.20
9.46
186.59
1903 _ 	
82.36
57.86
8.58
14.77
3.24
1.91
9.93
178.65
1904 - 	
87.43
60.01
6.85
17.84
4.48
2.10
9.18
187.89
1905 _	
92.17
88.76
54.09
53.15
5.99
5.16
17.93
15.92
3.83
3.57
2.03
1.21
9.76
10.02
185.80
177.79
1906 	
1907   	
89.18
48.47
5.81
19.82
3.02
1.57
10.72
178.59
1908	
90.93
49.17
6.61
17.63
4.56
1.79
13.23
183.92
1909 	
94.27
53.41
8.16
13.02
2.78
.84
10.84
183.32
1910 	
95.97
48.43
7.87
21.32
2.02
1.15
7.67
184.43
1911  	
97.44
58.08
9.39
18.84
1.12
1.87
11.04
197.78
1912 	
78.40
56.37
10.09
19.36
1.79
1.50
10.20
177.71
1913, M.H., New Westminster
102.37
54.07
9.43
25.27
4.74
3.21
18.27
217.36
1913, M.H., Essondale—	
93.56
49.90
5.50
25.13
.55
1.02
14.10
184.76
1914, M.H., New Westminster
115.72
68.15
2.99
24.13
.69
2.64
44.24
258.56
1914, M.H., Essondale	
113.06
81.42
15.49
28.93
4.14
1.19
24.13
268.36
1915, M.H., New Westminster
110.94
64.32
7.57
20.30
1.88
33.52
238.53
1915, M.H., Essondale	
95.25
62.84
9.44
24.87
1.14
.56
26.89
220.99
1916, M.H., New Westminster
105.89
74.96
2.58
18.52
1.45
18.00
221.40
1916, M.H., Essondale	
89.26
75.18
17.76
26.96
4.98
.42
31.35
245.91
1917, M.H., New Westminster
103.41
72.20
10.52
18.29
2.38
24.92
231.72
1917, M.H., Essondale 	
83.57
79.98
18.92
23.39
4.77
.81
20.61
232.05
•
This accounting system w
as discontim
led in 1917,
and new s
.stem inst_
died as pei
Table B 1 FINANCIAL TABLES.
X 45
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ffl©©ffl©©©©©ffl©fflffl X 50 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost
of Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers  $158,826.99
Proportion headquarters vouchers          3,318.99
Proportion Colony Farm vote       20,459.31
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)       15,286.86
Inventories, March 31st, 1934         12,205.36
$210,097.51
Less Essondale Clothing Account      $8,834.40
„    Saanich Clothing Account       1,950.00
„    sundry sales  205.00
„    inventories, March 31st, 1935     17,773.11
       28,762.51
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $181,335.00
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers  $530,274.34
Proportion headquarters vouchers        14,935.47
Proportion Colony Farm vote       81,870.77
Maintenance and repairs  (Public Works Department)       81,905.93
New Westminster Clothing Account         8,834.40
Inventories, March 31st, 1934        43,616.70
$761,437.61
Less sundry sales         $307.13
„    inventories, March 31st, 1935      47,102.74
       47,409.87
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale        714,027.74
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers  $85,479.62
Proportion headquarters vouchers  1,659.50
Maintenance and repairs (Public Works Department)  7,222.78
New Westminster Clothing Account  1,950.00
Inventories, March 31st, 1934  9,929.42
$106,241.32
Less inventories, March 31st, 1935       10,277.40
Total, Mental Home, Saanich          95,963.92
Total operating expense for the three institutions      $991,326.66
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster  $12,506.21
Mental Hospital, Essondale  126,033.66
Mental Home, Saanich     13,699.69
  $152,239.56
Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act"     329,569.00
       481,808.56
Total net expense for the three institutions     $509,518.10
Total daily average population for the three institutions,  $3,069.50,  showing a gross
per capita of $322.96 per year or 88.48 cents per day, or a net per capita cost without collec- FINANCIAL TABLES. X 51
tions under " Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $273.36 per year
or 74.89 cents per day, or a net per capita to Province after deduction bills collectable under
" Public Institutions Indemnification (Municipalities) Act" of $165.99 per year or 45.48 cents
per day.
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries   $113,307.11
Less board and room       18,151.30
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies  $583.38
Telephone and telegraph  512.25
Provisions—
Groceries   $11,751.42
Meat  7,409.08
Fish  1,396.05
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $14,916.21
Boots and slippers          1,548.76
$95,155.81
  1,095.63
Travelling expenses  86.16
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel       $9,729.67
Water          2,525.70
Light and power         3,904.85
         16,160.22
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies  150.04
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding   $204.33
Miscellaneous        -1,298.22
  1,502.55
20,556.55
16,464.97
Medical and surgical supplies—
Drugs    $712.29
Surgical instruments   28.88
Miscellaneous          1,243.57
  1,984.74
Examinations, committals, and transportation   7.75
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements        $1,997.45
Gratuities  5.00
Funerals  250.00
Auto-repairs   11.35
Auto-tires __- 12.00
Gas and oil  533.57
Laundry   340.45
Occupational therapy  244.64
Freight and cartage  46.75
Miscellaneous  .        2,221.36
  5,662.57
Total expenditure for year by voucher .     $158,826.99
Carried forward     $158,826.99 X 52
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table E.-
-EXPENSE AND REVENUE STATEMENT OF THE NEW WESTMINSTER HOSPITAL
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward..
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)-
Proportion headquarters vote 	
Proportion Colony Farm vote 	
$158,826.99
15,286.86
3,318.99
20,459.31
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries 	
Expenses—
Office supplies	
Travelling expenses	
Fuel, water, light, and power	
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures 	
Provisions 	
Uniforms and clothing	
Medical and surgical supplies	
Examinations, committals, and transportation
Incidentals and unforeseen 	
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients).
$197,892.15
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$93,115.99
$190,141
1,411.09
2.881
129.51
.264
16,160.22
32.998
18,228.45
37.222
1,731.96
3.537
38,215.48
78.035
4,845.86
9.895
1,984.74
4.052
7.75
.015
5,503.95
11.238
$181,335.00
$370,278
12,506.21
25.537
$168,828.79
$344,741
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government ____ $168,828.79
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1935 _— 499
Daily average population in New Westminster for year  489.72
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $370,278
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  1.014
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  344.741
Net maintenance per capita, cost, one day  .944
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries 	
Less board and room
Office supplies—
Books and journals
Postage and office supplies
Telephone and telegraph .___
Travelling expenses	
$363,425.63
94,701.03
$216.64
1,969.76
3,749.82
$268,724.60
5,936.22
1,074.28
Carried forward..
$275,735.10 FINANCIAL TABLES.
X 53
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward	
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel 	
Water 	
Light and power
$44,910.40
7,223.75
20,006.43
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding 	
Miscellaneous 	
Provisions—
Groceries
Meat	
Fish	
Uniforms and clothing-
Clothing
Boots and slippers
Medical and surgical supplies-
Drugs  :	
Instruments ...
Miscellaneous
$6,979.81
2,879.80
$54,363.25
24,746.24
7,557.34
$27,745.31
2,963.67
$4,149.77
2,051.08
3,105.58
Examinations, committals, and transportation-
Examinations 	
Committals	
Transportation 	
Repatriation of Chinese patients
Incidentals and unforeseen-
Amusements 	
Gratuities	
Funerals	
Auto-tires	
Auto-repairs 	
Gas and oil	
Laundry supplies	
Occupational therapy ...
Freight and cartage	
Miscellaneous 	
$1,418.82
91.40
7,753.16
18,522.96
$746.63
713.52
2,305.00
217.77
729.54
1,153.74
2,081.95
182.86
568.58
8,455.15
Total expenditure for year by voucher	
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department).
Proportion headquarters vouchers 	
Public Hospital for Insane Account	
Proportion Colony Farm vote	
$275,735.10
72,140.58
915.73
9,859.61
86,666.83
30,708.98
9,306.43
27,786.34
17,154.74
$530,274.34
81,905.93
14,935.47
8,834.40
81,870.77
$717,820.91 X 54 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Salaries __
Expenses-
Office supplies	
Travelling expenses  .	
Fuel, water, light, and power	
Maintenance and repairs	
Furniture and fixtures	
Provisions 	
Clothing, boots, and slippers	
Medical and surgical supplies	
Examinations, committals, and transportation        27,786.34
Incidentals and unforeseen 	
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
$282,045.43
$121,717
7,355.79
3.174
1,269.35
.547
71,604.73
30.901
82,780.82
35.724
8,521.60
3.677
169,518.68
73.156
37,545.27
16.203
8,883.17
3.833
27,786.34
11.991
16,716.56
7.214
$714,027.74        $308,137
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)     126,033.66 54.390
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government ___. $587,994.08        $253,747
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1935  2,324
Daily average population in Essondale for year  2,317.22
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $308.14
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day  .844
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year  253.747
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day _  .695
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries     $53,298.38
Less board and room         9,834.21
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies  $262.15
Telephone and telegraph  190.26
$43,464.17
  452.41
Travelling expenses    _ 70.85
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel       $5,319.09
Water          1,804.63
Light and power  992.27
  8,115.99
Maintenance and repairs—Janitors' supplies  495.42
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding       $1,267.33
Miscellaneous   838.97
  2,106.30
Carried forward       $54,705.14 FINANCIAL TABLES. X 55
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward       $54,705.14
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Provisions;—
Groceries      $15,599.97
Meat        5,480.59
Fish         1,231.24
Clothing—
Clothing       $2,225.97
Boots and slippers  323.68
22,311.80
  2,549.65
Medical and surgical supplies—
Miscellaneous   $218.88
Drugs  127.47
  346.35
Examinations, committals, and transportation  158.55
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements        $2,134.60
Funerals  350.00
Auto-repairs   153.15
Auto-tires  41.65
Gas and oil  264.07
Laundry          1,002.96
Freight and cartage  56.79
Miscellaneous          1,404.91
  5,408.13
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $85,479.62
Maintenance and repairs (expended through Public Works Department)  7,222.78
Proportion headquarters vouchers  1,659.50
Public Hospital for Insane Account  1,950.00
$96,311.90
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly Per
Capita Cost.
Salaries   $44,944.27 $171,177
Expenses—
Office supplies  610.14 2.323
Travelling expenses   92.52 .352
Fuel, water, light, and power   8,082.49 30.783
Maintenance and repairs  8,384.90 31.935
Furniture and fixtures   1,845.81 7.030
Provisions   21,613.50 82.318
Uniforms and clothing  4,487.81 17.092
Medical and surgical supplies  346.35 1.319
Examinations, committals, and transportation  158.55 .603
Incidentals and unforeseen   5,397.58 20.557
$95,963.92        $365,489
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)      13,699.69 52.177
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government ____    $82,264.23        $313,312 X 56
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital
for 12 Months ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Saanich, March 31st, 1935     257
Daily average population in Saanich for year     262.56
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one year  $365,489
Gross maintenance per capita cost, one day         1.001
Net maintenance per capita cost, one year     313.312
Net maintenance per capita cost, one day  .858
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879
1880
1881
1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894
1895
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915,
1915,
1916,
  $1,440.99 1916,
  680.00 1917,
  1,342.60 1917,
  730.31 1918,
  799.91 1918,
  479.42 1919-
  867.38 1919-
  1,433.04 1919-
  614.99 1920-
  505.18 1920-
  298.24 1920-
  98.35 1921-
          1921-
  50.00 1921-
  720.59 1922-
  750.00 1922-
  220.00 1922-
  599.24 1923-
  761.15 1923-
  2,418.43 1923-
  1,585.40 1924-
  2,709.53 1924-
  4,409.23 1924-
  3,741.71 1925-
  3,816.80 1925-
  4,003.79 1925-
  4,769.04 1926-
  6,893.33 1926-
  12,800.76 1926-
  10,926.23 1927-
  13,639.64 1927-
  15,004.22 1927-
  16,613.18 1928-
  19,058.42 1928-
  20,753.35 1928-
  25,807.83 1929-
  25,845.65 1929-
  26,137.38 1929-
  30,100.20 1930-
  35,151.97 1930-
  40,756.56 1930-
  42,731.83 1931-
New Westminster   18,046.21 1931-
Essondale   16,329.72 1931-
New Westminster   18,135.91 1932-
Essondale 	
New Westminster
Essondale	
.-.__. $21,889.
     21,435
.     25,350
New Westminster      35,169
Essondale      32,100
New Westminster   45,921
Essondale   53,740
Saanich   3,215
New Westminster   38,323
Essondale   46,418
Saanich  3,580
New Westminster   38,409.
Essondale   43,078
Saanich  4,263
New Westminster   34,148
Essondale   48,448.
Saanich  5,698.
New Westminster   33,407
Essondale   43,371
Saanich  5,616
New Westminster   37,721,
Essondale   49,929
Saanich  6,125.
New Westminster   35,282
Essondale   63,151
Saanich  7,385
New Westminster   27,645
Essondale   63,943
Saanich  7,085
New Westminster   35,239
Essondale  75,720
Saanich  11,594
New Westminster   33,995
Essondale   88,206
Saanich  10,036
New Westminster   37,223
Essondale   86,727
Saanich  11,196
New Westminster   27,326
Essondale   89,920
Saanich  10,491
New Westminster   14,216
Essondale   100,887
Saanich  10,965
New Westminster   15,832
74
93
09
86
.14
.06
40
39
55
,81
.31
52
.91
.65
55
69
.29
79
.30
53
99
43
15
.10
.50
.93
.65
.08
.17
.21
.87
.08
.92
.54
86
.30
.37
.30
25
.81
.08
.16
.75
.76
.13 TAILOR'S REPORT. X 57
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception—Continued.
1932-33, Essondale  $115,905.35 1933-34, Saanich  $12,331.60
1932-33, Saanich     13,001.66 1934-35, New Westminster   12,506.21
1933-34, New Westminster      17,019.97 1934-35, Essondale   126,033.66
1933-34, Essondale   123,324.03 1934-35, Saanich  13,699.69
1932-33, Collections under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)  Act"   $296,662.50
1933-34, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"      309,907.00
1934-35, Collectable under " Public Institutions Indemnification
(Municipalities)   Act"      329,569.00
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1934-35.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
Uniform clothing—
147 uniform suits at $40     $5,880.00
158 uniform pants at $10       1,580.00
Stock clothing—
17 patients' suits at $22   $374.00
34 patients' suits at $19  ...... 646.00
18 patients' pants at $6.50   117.00
Stock—
11 canvas suits at $7.50  $82.50
2 suits at $10 (material supplied)   20.00
24 camisoles at $3  (material supplied)    72.00
8 camisoles at $1.25  (making only)    10.00
4 repair-bags at 75 cents   3.00
10 yards coat-lining at 65 cents  6.50
Alterations—
54 suits altered at $1   $54.00
2 suits, special, at $2.50   5.00
230 coats altered at 25 cents  57.50
334 pants altered at 15 cents   50.10
184 vests altered at 15 cents  !  27.60
Repairs—
4,018 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents  $1,004.50
4.246 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents  859.20
1,593 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents   318.60
2.247 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents  337.05
Pressing—
5,571 coats pressed at 15 cents   $835.65
5,809 pants pressed at 10 cents   580.90
3,164 vests pressed at 5 cents  :  158.20
$7,460.00
1,137.00
194.00
194.20
2,519.35
1,574.75.
$13,079.30 X 58
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
Uniform clothing—
41 uniform suits at $40 	
44 uniform pants at $10 	
Stock—
13 ordinary suits at $19 	
47 ordinary pants at $6.50	
4 working-overalls at $4  :	
4 repair-bags at 25 cents  :	
1 stretcher-cover at $1.25 	
Alterations—
66 suits altered at $1	
1 suit, special, at $2.50 	
300 coats at 25 cents 	
352 pants at 15 cents 	
144 vests at 15 cents 	
Repairs—
3,714 coats repaired and pressed at 25 cents	
3,903 pants repaired and pressed at 20 cents ____
1,089 overalls repaired and pressed at 20 cents
1,394 vests repaired and pressed at 15 cents	
1,640.00
440.00
$247.00
305.50
16.00
1.00
1.25
?66.00
2.50
75.00
52.80
21.60
?928.50
780.60
217.80
209.10
$2,080.00
570.75
217.90
2,136.00
Uniform clothing—
41 uniform suits at $40
31 uniform pants at $10
Mental Home, Saanich.
1,640.00
310.00
$5,004.65
$1,950.00
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1934-35.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster	
For Mental Hospital, Essondale 	
For Mental Home, Saanich	
Material on hand, March 31st, 1935
Costs—
Material on hand, March 31st, 1934
Salaries—
Tailors 	
$5,004.65
13,079.30
1,950.00
$20,033.95
5,773.63
Seamstresses
Electric power
Electric light __
$7,177.96
3,571.20
$100.00
60.00
Material purchases, 1934-35
$25,807.58
$1,925.75
10,749.16
160.00
9,646.35
22,481.26
Profit on operations
$3,326.32 PRODUCTION TABLES.
X 59
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1934-35.
Mental Hospital, Essondale.
New work—
4 pairs men's boots 	
2 dozen key-straps at 10 cents
Repairs—
641 pairs boots ____
537 pairs slippers
$41.00
2.40
$1,225.90
488.45
$43.40
1,714.35
$1,757.75
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster.
New work—
17 pairs men's boots 	
2 pairs ladies' slippers 	
Repairs—
524 pairs boots and shoes
$189.00
6.00
$195.00
863.85
$1,058.85
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1934-35.
Production—
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster	
For Mental Hospital, Essondale	
$1,058.85
1,757.75
Material on hand, March 31st, 1935
Costs—
Salary of Shoemaker	
Material purchased	
Light and power 	
Material on hand March 31st, 1934 __
Profit on operations	
$2,816.60
249.86
$1,519.32
832.36
35.00
327.23
$3,066.46
2,713.91
$352.55
PRODUCTION TABLES.
Articles made by Female Patients, Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1935.
Aprons	
Bureau-covers	
Cap s 	
Chemises      175
Corset-covers	
Cuffs, pairs	
Curtains, pairs	
Drawers, pairs	
Dresses	
Handkerchiefs	
300
Jackets '    __ _	
        64
160
Neckties    •  	
    __             126
76
Petticoats     	
        101
175
22
Pillow-slips 	
Press-covers 	
      622
            28
81
34
Princess slips	
Sheets   ._ _ _    _       _   _
        59
.....   _       _ .     544
84
Table-cloths	
    .          26
322
Towels, tea	
      435
180
Tray-cloths 	
        95 X 60
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Aprons ._.
Blouses —
Chemises
Blankets _
Repaired at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1935.
349
804
796
416
Dresses   1,215
Hose, pairs  1,523
Socks, pairs   1,557
Drawers, pairs      664
Shirts  1,316
Coats       68
Sweaters       87
Overalls, pairs
Petticoats 	
Sheets	
Bed-ticks	
Pillow-ticks	
Pillow-slips 	
Bed-spreads	
Table-cloths ____
Undervests	
Towels	
77
415
442
61
61
143
291
88
1,147
244
Work done by Patients at Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster,
Year ended March 31st, 1935.
Bookbinding __
Baker 	
Carpenter	
Cemetery 	
Dining-rooms
Engineer	
Florist	
Days.
276
282
981
620
2,721
365
1,532
Farmer   2,209
Gardener
Kitchen —
Laundry _.
Lawns	
School	
2,458
3,353
2,136
2,208
748
Truck 	
Wards 	
Painter	
Plumber	
Porter 	
Piggery	
Scullery 	
Shoemaker ___
Store	
Tailor 	
Teamster 	
Park-worker
Plasterer 	
Days.
_     365
.22,560
._ 850
.. 603
._ 1,095
.. 2,462
_ 731
.. 1,015
_ 298
. 962
._ 365
._ 1,279
,     195
Supplies produced at New Westminster, 1934-35.
Fruit.
Apples, lb.  37,600
Cherries, lb  1,040
Raspberries, lb.  1,690
Rhubarb, lb  5,535
Currants, lb.      845
Gooseberries, lb. 	
Plums and prunes, lb.
Pears, lb. 	
Strawberries, lb.
110
1,140
2,235
1,460
Vegetables.
Beans, green, lb.  1,370
Potatoes, early, lb.  9,495
Carrots, lb.   9,750
Onions, green, lb.  2,635
Onions, dried, lb.   4,220
Beets, lb. 	
Parsnips, lb. 	
Spinach, lb.	
Tomatoes, ripe, lb.
Parsley, bunches .
Mint, bunches	
6,180
4,800
1,870
455
44
40
Cucumbers, lb. __
Corn, green, doz.
Cabbage, lb.	
        60
      360
  4,000
Cauliflower, lb.      626
Radishes, lb.      190
Peas, green, lb.  1,240
Lettuce, head   9,850
Vegetable marrow, lb.     870
Turnips, lb.   1,400
Pumpkins, lb.      900 PRODUCTION TABLES. X 61
Supplies produced at Colquitz, 1934-35.
Fruit.
Apples, lb  2,299 Currants, lb.        95
Apples, crab, lb.        30 Grapes, lb.      100
Loganberries, lb.      139 Pears, lb.   1,045
Raspberries, lb.      551 Plums, lb.       90
Vegetables.
Beans, broad, lb.  65           Parsnips, lb.  2,833
Beans, string, lb.  1,200           Peas, green, lb.  1,174
Beets, lb  2,870           Potatoes, lb.  30,950
Brussels sprouts, lb.  230          Potatoes, new, lb.  6,445
Cabbage, lb.   9,519           Pumpkin, lb.       873
Carrots, lb.  9,865           Rhubarb, lb.  2,788
Cauliflower, lb  630           Spinach, lb.       130
Celery, heads  419           Turnips, white, lb.      430
Cucumbers, lb.  837           Swiss chard, lb.  1,767
Corn, ears  6,045          Tomatoes, O.S., lb  3,535
Kale, lb _  402           Tomatoes, G.H., lb  1,952
Leeks, lb.   2,029           Tomatoes, green, lb.        72
Lettuce, head  1,605           Onions, lb  2,537
Farm Produce.
Chickens, lb ,  690 Beef, lb    1,558
Ducks, lb  802 Veal, lb       574
Eggs, doz.   1,766 Turkey, lb        492
Milk, lb 111,832 Hay, clover, lb. ..__  28,000
Pigeons, lb.   36 Hay, oat, lb  30,000
Pork, lb :___ 10,895 Mangels, lb  36,000
Rabbits, lb.   895
Smoking Products.
Hams, lb     1,245 Bacon, lb     1,102
Occupational Therapy, Year ended March 31st, 1935.
Wood-working Department.
1934. Cost of Materials. Value.
April     $54.50 $175.00
May   34.70 123.70
June   31.00 143.50
July   82.50 300.00
August  16.00 51.50
September   30.00 149.00
October  54.00 254.60
November  53.00 189.50
December  103.10 400.00
1935.
January        103.50 268.10
February    68.25 245.80
March   78.50 263.60
$709.05 $2,564.30 X 62
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
Occupational Therapy, Year ended March 31st, 1935—Continued.
April 	
May  	
June 	
July 	
August	
September
October   	
November _
December _
Upholstering Department.
Cost of Materials.
... $179.80
195.90
138.90
207.50
162.50
118.35
125.15
133.25
105.75
Value.
$331.50
347.40
276.30
372.80
299.60
220.10
251.15
271.95
203.10
January __
February
March 	
124.45
168.60
114.45
$1,774.60
246.30
327.70
236.05
$3,383.95
Weaving and Basketry Department.
1934.
April _.
May ___-
June —
July ___.
August	
September
October 	
November -
December _.
1935.
January  —
February __.
March 	
Value only.
$3.25
22.00
10.50
8.00
5.50
9.00
9.00
9.25
16.25
8.75
9.00
10.50
$121.00
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy Department, Year ended March 31st, 1935.
New Garments made by Patients.
Aprons (kitchen)        87
B ags 	
Baskets 	
Bloomers	
Cooks' caps	
Covers, table 	
Covers, bed-pan	
Covers, hot-water bottle
Curtains, pairs	
Cushions 	
Dresses 	
Gowns, night 	
Gowns, men's	
Miscellaneous	
Pillow-slips 	
.   711
4
.    712
4
45
49
52
37
4
. 1,200
.    825
.    161
.    144
.3,060
Slips	
Sheets	
Stupe wringers
Sweaters	
Towels, tea	
Towels, roller _.__
Table-cloths ______
Vests 	
Aprons 	
Belts	
Bibs 	
Caps  :	
Cuffs 	
.    869
. 2,975
36
34
207
311
215
477
.    275
338
311
145
123
Uniforms     180 PRODUCTION TABLES.
X 63
Annual Report of Occupational Therapy Department, Year ended March 31st, 1935
—Continued.
Uniforms
New tops
Nurses' Repairs.
75 Aprons
._      94
299
Patients' Mending.
Blankets 	
Sheets 	
Pillow-slips
Towels	
Doctors' coats
Bed-spreads ...
Men's vests	
Men's coats	
Men's pants	
Overalls	
Night-shirts __.
_ 421
. 1,340
_ 1,508
. 530
. 128
. 504
. 236
. 1,253
. 1,232
.1,586
.    375
Pairs of socks.
.16,847
Top shirts 3,112
Undershirts  4,175
Drawers  4,769
Dresses  3,240
Bloomers  1,524
Vests      165
Night-gowns 1,992
Slips  1,188
Miscellaneous  :     520
Instruction given in Occupational Therapy to postgraduate nurses, 21 hours.
Display of patients' handicrafts at New Westminster Hobby Show, at the Coquitlam Fair,
and at the Annual Hospital Convention in Victoria. X 64
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., October 31st, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
Medical Superintendent, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I wish to submit for your perusal and approval the annual statement of farm operations for the year ended March 31st, 1935.
There has been very little change in agricultural conditions from the preceding year,
except a slightly noticeable trend for higher prices. This has increased the demand for some
of our surplus stock; the one very marked increase being in the demand for breeding hogs, due
solely to the general higher level of pork prices during the year. Almost to the detriment of
our own pork-supply, we have tried to meet this demand of people wanting to get started in
the hog industry.
Generally our operations have been on about the same scale as last year. The whole
equipment and plant has been kept up to standard and all live stock shows improvement.
The largest investment is in dairy cattle and the herd is now in better form, from an
individual, health, and production point of view, than at any time in its history. It is now
considered one of the leading institution herds on the Continent. With the exception of two
herd bulls, all animals have been bred on the farm. The milk production is slightly increased
over last year and the cost reduced by 1.2 cents per gallon.
The force of work-horses, which are all our own breeding, has been kept up to standard
and by breeding three or four mares each year we are keeping up with replacements. One
exceptionally good gelding was sold this year.
For the proper utilization of garbage we have kept our usual herd of pure-bred Yorkshire
hogs, numbering around the 800 mark all the time. I must admit that it has been difficult, as
previously mentioned, to keep from selling our herd short. Our standard of bacon-hog has
been well maintained and the health and production has been excellent.
All of the field-work has been as usual and with good returns. Potatoes were the exception, reduction in yield being due to a late blight which attacked the whole valley, and we
suffered in common with all other potato-growers.    In spite of this the price was low.
Production of all other vegetables was about equal to demand and the cannery had a very
successful pack.
Our staff has remained the same in number and almost the same in personnel.
I wish to express to you the very great satisfaction that it is to me to be able to report that,
to a man, we have received willing and loyal service.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
P. H. Moore,
Farm Superintendent. COLONY FARM. X 65
BURSAR'S REPORT ON COLONY FARM.
Essondale, B.C., November 5th, 1935.
A. L. Crease, Esq., M.D., CM.,
General Superintendent of Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to submit herewith balance-sheet, profit and loss statement, and departmental
cost sheets, together with inventories, etc., covering the several departments of Colony Farm
for the fiscal year ended March 31st, 1935.
The year-under review shows a profit of $3,865.26, whereas last year it was some
$11,737.87, a decrease in profits of $7,872.61, which is practically all accounted for as the
result of marking down on the prices of the various commodities.
The farm supplied our mental institutions at New Westminster and Essondale to the
value of $130,058.13, as follows:—
Public  Hospital  for  Insane,  New  Westminster—Dairy,  meat,
fruit, and vegetables     $16,656.05
Mental Hospital, Essondale—Dairy, meat, fruit, and vegetables..    113,402.08
Total   $130,058.13
Milk production for the year was 2,459,218 lb. at a cost of $45,933.88, or an average cost
of production, pasteurizing, etc., of 18.69 cents per gallon, as compared with 19.89 cents per
gallon last year.    Details of this can be seen under the Dairy and Herds Department.
Our Hog Department shows a profit of $14,925.72, which is less than that shown last year.
Cannery profits only show $747.81 on account of prices of commodities written down.
Reference to the various cost sheets of departments will furnish you with some very
interesting figures.
We collected on account of live stock and produce sold the sum of $5,901.74, which was
remitted to the Treasury.
In closing, I might say that practically all field and garden produce supplied the institutions by Colony Farm last year was of a higher order and delivered in a more attractive state.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
Gowan Macgowan,
Bursar. X 66
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM.
April 1st, 1934, to March 31st, 1935.
Assets.
Land Account—
Colony Farm _
Wilson Ranch
Buildings and plant
Water system	
Bridge	
Fencing, pavement, etc.	
Equipment 	
Live stock—
Bulls, as per inventory	
Cows, as per inventory	
Yearlings, as per inventory ....
Calves, as per inventory	
Work-horses, as per inventory
Hogs, as per inventory	
Sundry inventories-
Feed 	
Gasoline 	
Cannery	
Pork products
Orchard and truck-garden 	
Accounts receivable 	
Growing Crops Apportionment Account
Liabilities.
Surplus Account	
Less patient-labour
Profit to March 31st, 1934
Profit for year	
$117,484.86
108,164.35
$1,600.00
45,500.00
7,340.00
1,113.99
6,110.00
7,721.00
$10,189.48
15.12
1,321.16
606.60
12,444.15
$570,202.86
19,000.00
$130,239.17
3,865.26
$225,649.21
251,843.38
4,411.25
7,571.89
68,818.67
26,547.85
69,384.99
24,576.51
233.19
6,270.35
$685,307.29
$551,202.86
134,104.43
$685,307.29 COLONY FARM.
X 67
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o X 68 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Expenses.
Total expenses for year      $47,754.28
Production.
Dairy-produce supplies     $57,233.37
Ice supplies   430.00
       57,663.37
Profit for year .       $9,909.09
Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1935.
Dairy—
Salaries and upkeep      $1,595.04
Fuel         1,253.90
Test-cows—
Salaries and upkeep      $3,686.40
Feed         7,176.58
General herd—
Salaries and upkeep  $12,792.66
Feed   20,249.70
Pasture  1,000.00
$2,848.94
10,862.98
34,042.36
$47,754.28
Less allowance for manure       $1,390.40
Less allowance for ice  430.00
         1,820.40
$45,933.88
Milk Production for Year 1934-35.
Production.
1934. Lb.                               Cost.
April  .  212,822              	
May  223,697             	
June   211.835              	
July   210,748              	
August  203,325	
September   194,442             	
October   193,250             	
November  193,250             	
December  193,170
1935.
January  197,167              .
February  196,755
March  228,757
2,459,218 $45,933.88
Average cost of production, pasteurizing, etc., 18.69 cents per gallon. COLONY FARM.
X 69
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.
Selling-price.
Remarks.
1934.
April   30.
Colony Beulah Colantha 	
Colony Cyclone Maid Koba
Colony Julip Vida 	
Colony Aaggie Beets 	
Colony Cyclone Ormsby Koba
Colony Poetess Colantha 	
Colony Beulah Wayne  	
Colony Tensen Heilo 	
June    30. Colony Georgie Heilo
Colony Grebegga Gretcha Koba
Colony Vrouka Heilo Beets	
Colony Poetess Aaggie Beets	
Colony Wimple McKinley Beets
Colony Ella Creamella Beets 	
Colony Cyclone Vale Heilo 	
Colony Netherland Beets 	
Colony Fayne Koba Heilo 	
Colony Tensen Posch Beets 	
Colony Ella Canary Beets 	
Colony Ianthe Romeo Heilo 	
July     31. Colony McKinley DeKol Colantha .
Colony Grace Koningen  	
Colony Lass P. Koba  	
Aug.    31. Colony Morag Heilo  	
Colony Ianthe Koningen
Colony Effie Canary	
Colony Alma Korndyke Koba
Nicomekl Zarilda Butter Girl .
Colony Wimple Colantha 	
Sept.   30. Colony Segis Elsie Koba _.
Colony Wimple DeKol Heilo -
Colony Sadie Aaggie 	
Oct.      31. Colony Ianthe Joh Colantha
Colony Grace Abbekerk _	
Colony Ianthe J. Canary 	
Colony Grace Vida 	
Colony Grace Posch Koba .
Colony Tensen Beets 	
Nov.     30. Colony Colantha Heilo 	
Colony Vale Koba Abbekerk
Colony Tensen Heilo Beets _.
Colony Clothilde Vida __	
Dec.     31. Colony Ormsby Koba Colantha
Colony Vale Vida  	
Colony Elsie Posch Koba  	
Colony Grebegga Abby Colantha
1935.
Jan.     31.
Colony Cyclone Beets ..
Colony Effie Wayne 	
Colony Contest Wayne
Colony Vrouka Aaggie Colantha
Feb.     28. Colony Jannek  Heilo  	
Colony Queenie Heilo  	
Colony Beulah Abbekerk
Colony Lass P. Heilo 	
Mar.    31. Colony Lulu Veeman   (twin)
Colony Effie Pauline (twin)  _
Colony Poetess Heilo  	
Colony Ianthe Posch Beets —
Colony Alma Korndyke Heilo
Gain on inventory	
$200.00
300.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
140.00
130.00
250.00
100.00
300.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
150.00
75.00
100.00
200.00
250.00
100.00
200.00
150.00
150.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
250.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
200.00
100.00
250.00
200.00
250.00
150.00
100.00
250.00
100.00
150.00
100.00
250.00
200.00
200.00
250.00
50.00
160.00
250.00
100.00
100.00
Loss .
$10,355.00
6,310.60
$4,044.40~
$66.70
66.70
200.00
200.00
57.69
56.16
51.30
250.00
64.53
78.66
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
174.00
177.98
52.38
52.38
67.14
49.77
66.42
62.37
48.87
66.60
64.17
60.30
250.00
200.00
48.87
72.72
70.83
60.12
63.54
72.99
53.82
67.95
72.00
61.47
62.37
61.65
65.43
69.03
58.14
63.81
63.09
62.28
65.34
73.71
55.08
56.07
70.00
65.00
65.00
834.17
$6,310.60
Sold.
Sold.
Trans, to Saanich.
Trans, to Saanich.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Exch.  for  Colony
Georgie Heilo.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Destroyed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Destroyed.
Trans, to Saanich.
Trans, to Saanich.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Beefed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold. X 70
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT. 1934-35.
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Abstract of Loss.
Loss by deaths      $400.00
Loss by cows sold 	
Loss by cows butchered
Gain on inventory	
Loss	
372.62
4,105.95
$4,878.57
834.17
$4,044.40
CALVES DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.    Selling-price. Remarks.
1934.
April 30. Colony 1185a
Colony 1188a
Colony 1194b
Colony 1192a
Colony 1191a
Hides sold 	
May    31. Colony 1192b
Colony 1194a (twin) __ 	
Colony Alma Romeo Heilo  	
Colony Morag Heilo Hengerveld 7th
Colony 1194c    __ 	
June
July
Aug.
30. Colony Grebegga Prince Heilo
Colony 1200a    	
Colony 1200b     	
Colony 1200C     	
Colony 1200E  (twin)
Colony 1200F   	
Colony 1201A   	
Colony 1205A  	
Colony 1205b   	
Colony 1205c   	
Colony Colantha Sir Heilo .
Colony July Koba Romeo -.
Colony Korndyke Abby Wayne .
Colony Aaggie Beets Wayne —
31. Colony 1206A 	
Colony 1206b     	
Colony Sadie Sir Romeo
Colony 1206c    	
Colony 1206D   	
Colony 1206E  (twin)
31. Colony 1211a 	
Colony 1211b   	
Colony 1211c   	
Sept.   30.
Colony Morag Heilo Hengerveld 5th
Hides sold    	
Colony 1212A  	
Colony 1216a  	
Colony 1221A 	
Colony Model Matador _ 	
Colony Netherland Perfection 2nd .
Colony Vale Romeo Sir Heilo __	
Colony Posch Sir Romeo  —
$10.00
4.00
2.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
4.00
4.00
3.00
15.00
7.00
6.00
6.00
5.00
5.00
5.00
4.00
4.00
3.00
3.00
60.00
72.00
76.00
74.00
6.00
6.00
12.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
50.00
4.00
4.00
4.00
2.00
50.00
25.00
25.00
$16.68
Vealed
8.28
Vealed.
Died.
8.10
Vealed.
5.00
Sold.
7.90
12.12
Vealed.
7.20
Vealed.
20.00
Sold.
25.00
Sold.
17.28
Vealed
Died.
7.32
Vealed.
6.12
Vealed.
6.36
Vealed.
6.12
Vealed
6.96
Vealed.
6.72
Vealed.
8.04
Vealed
6.00
Vealed
6.24
Vealed
25.00
Sold.
25.00
Sold.
25.00
Sold.
10.00
Sold.
7.92
Vealed
7.92
Vealed
8.40
Vealed
9.60
Vealed
6.12
Vealed
6.48
Vealed
6.60
Vealed
9.60
Vealed
7.68
Vealed
45.00
Sold.
4.14
12.48
Vealed
9.48
Vealed
11.52
Vealed
20.00
Sold.
50.00
Sold.
75.00
Sold.
25.00
Sold. COLONY FARM.
X 71
CALVES DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.
Selling-price.
Remarks.
Oct.
31. Colony 1225A
Colony 1228A
Colony 1226A
Colony 1226c
Colony 1228b
Colony 1226B
Colony 1230A
Colony Morag Hengerveld 2nd —_
Colony Netherland Perfection 5th
Colony Jannek Matador _	
Colony Canary Sir Romeo  	
Nov.
Dec.
Colony Georgia Sir Romeo (adjustment)
30. Colony 1232A   	
Colony Vrouka Koba Romeo .
Colony Vale Heilo Romeo 	
Colony Vrouka Newman Romeo .
31. Colony 1231A  ___	
Colony 1234A
1935.
Jan. 31. Colony 1246A
Colony 1247A
Colony 1247b
Colony 1247c
Colony 1248b
Colony 1248c
Feb.
Colony Netherland Perfection 10th
Colony 1248D :	
Colony 1250a   _ -	
Colony 1251a _ _ 	
28. Colony 1254a __-  ___ _
Colony 1255a	
Colony 1255b    -  	
Colony 1256a    	
Colony 1260a   _ 	
Colony 1265a  	
Colony 1266A   _	
Colony 1266b    	
Colony Grebegga Posch Romeo
31.  Colony  1267A   .- -
Colony 1268a _   -
Colony 1269A   -	
Colony 1269b   ___  	
Colony 1274a   	
Colony Netherland Perfection 13th
Colony 1274b     _ -	
Colony 1278A  -   	
Colony Grace Netherland
Hides sold —	
Profit .
$4.00
1.50
4.00
4.00
3.00
5.00
4.00
10.00
21.00
35.00
36.00
.04
4.00
18.00
15.00
11.00
6.00
4.00
5.00
4.00
4.00
5.00
5.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
5.00
5.00
4.50
4.50
4.50
5.60
5.60
6.60
4.50
4.50
65.00
5.65
4.50
4.50
6.75
4.50
10.15
5.65
5.65
4.50
$985.84
$10.68
30.00
35.00
25.00
7.20
30.00
25.00
30.00
7.80
7.56
8.64
8.88
9.24
6.12
8.28
8.16
15.00
8.16
8.76
6.96
6.48
6.72
7.68
7.80
7.80
7.80
8.16
7.32
75.00
8.04
7.56
8.52
8.52
6.48
7.92
6.60
9.84
10.00
15.69
1,152.95
985.84
$167.11
Vealed.
Died.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Destroyed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Died.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Adjustment.
Vealed.
Sold.
Sold.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Vealed.
Sold. X 72
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
CALVES DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Abstract of Gain.
Loss by deaths
Loss by sales
Adjustment on Georgia Sir Romeo
Gain on calves vealed	
Gain on hides sold	
$23.50
29.50
.04
$192.42
27.73
Profit
$53.04     $220.15
■ 53.04
$167.11
YEARLING DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.
Selling-price.
Remarks.
1934.
April   30. Colony Grebegga Sir Romeo    _ .._
$50.00
524.00
65.00
60.00
465.54
$60.00
Sold.
75.00
125.00
Sold.
1935.
Feb.     28. Colony Flood Sir Romeo   _	
Sold.
330.40
$1,164.54
590.40
$590.40
$574.14
Abstract of Loss.
Loss on transfers
Gain on sales 	
Manure credit 	
$989.54
$85.00
330.40
$989.54     $415.40
415.40
Loss
$574.14 COLONY FARM.
X 73
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.
Selling-price.
Remarks.
1934.
$38.25
350.00
300.00
250.00
$75.00
58.02
48.68
137.25
off.
Sold.
1935.
Mar.    31. Colony Morag Hengerveld     	
Beefed.
$938.25
318.95
$318.95
Loss    	
$619.30
Loss by sales 	
Amount written off
Gain on inventory __
Loss
Abstract of Loss.
$718.30
38.25
$137.25
$756.55     $137.25
137.25
$619.30
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sale and Deaths Account, March 31st, 1935.
Name of Animal.
Asset Value.
Selling-price.
Remarks.
1934.
May     31.
Dan      _	
$75.00
450.00
$11.00
Sold.
450.00
375.00
Colony Farm.
July     31.
300.00
30.00
50.00
75.00
40.00
675.00
Clements.
Sold.
Sept.   30.
Oct.      31.
10.00
Sold.
Dec.     31.
Kate                     —           	
1935.
Mar.    31.
Loss on inventory  _   	
$1,695.00
846.00
$846.00
$849.00
Loss on sales —
Loss on deaths
Abstract of Loss.
$29.00
145.00
Loss on inventory       675.00
Loss
$849.00 X 74 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Work-horse Labour Account, March 31st, 1935.
Salaries and upkeep        $9,777.04
Feed and pasturage         4,158.60
$13,935.64
Less credit for manure  194.20
$13,741.44
Horse-labour charged to crop and other departments at 35 cents per hour       14,525.00
Profit  $783.56
Note.—Against cost of $13,741.44, 41,500 hours of horse-labour were performed at a cost
of 33.11 cents per horse-hour.
HORSE-LABOUR PERFORMED, 1934-35.
1934. Hours. Cost.
April  4,421            	
May  3,519            	
June   3,598            	
July  3,558            	
August   3,789            	
September  .  3,463           	
October  3,700           	
November  3,579           	
December  2,816            	
1935.
January   3,241            	
February  3,196            	
March  2,620           	
41,500 $13,935.64
Less credit for manure  194.20
$13,741.44
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Receipts.
By sales—
Live hogs       $1,947.88
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to Essondale Hospital      27,356.37
Pork, bacon, etc., supplied to New Westminster Hospital        3,518.50
Inventory, March 31st, 1935—
Feed      $606.60
Hogs     7,721.00
$32,822.75
8,327.60
$41,150.35
Carried forward     $41,150.35 COLONY FARM.
X 75
HOG DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935—Continued.
Brought forward..
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep	
$5,932.58
$16,783.38
9,441.25
*f*'l^-vw't"v
Feed 	
10,062.40
Horse-labour     	
188.40
Tractor 	
300.00
Inventory, March 31st, 1934—
Feed    ___.
$880.65
Hogs    .
8,560.60
26,224.63
*
Profit      ___   	
$14,925.72
H 31st, 1935.
$15,830.96
1,831.85
1,321.16
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, Marc
Production.
Supplies to Essondale Hospital	
Supplies to New Westminster Hospital _
Inventory, March 31st, 1935   	
$18,983.97
Expenses.
Repairs   __
$129.80
2,431.96
2,332.70
3,725.97
7,474.32
500.00
47.56
1,593.85
Salaries     ..
Sugar and spices, etc.   .
Cans, etc. . _   	
Fruit           	
Fuel	
Butter, etc.         	
Inventory, March 31st, 1934	
18,236.16
Profit	
$747.81
ORCHARD AND TRUCK-GARDEN.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Receipts.
Produce supplied to Essondale Hospital
Produce supplied to New Westminster Hospital
Fruit and vegetables supplied to cannery	
Inventory, March 31st, 1935	
Vouchers 	
Horse-labour 	
Fertilizer, seeds, etc. 	
Inventory, March 31st, 1934
Expenses.
$9,263.21
348.60
1,233.00
12,444.15
$2,456.70
1,361.15
893.92
11,865.25
$23,288.96
16,577.02
Profit
3,711.94 X 76
MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of crop, 942,860 lb.
Plough and disk .
Manure	
$7,542.88
Expenses.
Fertilizer	
Seeds and seeding
Cultivate and hill __
Harrow and drill	
Haul and dig	
$923.05
682.75
215.25
405.60
206.40
312.20
686.20
Profit
3,431.45
,111.43
Field No. 5, 27% acres;   Field W.R. No. 1, 19 acres;   total 46% acres.    Yield per acre,
10.14 tons;  cost per ton, $7.28.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of oats, 74,000 lb.
Ploughing
$906.50
Expenses.
Disk and harrow
Sowing	
Seeding	
Thresh and cut
Hauling 	
$273.25
193.55
18.05
60.90
223.60
54.00
823.35
Profit
3.15
Field W.R. No. 5, 5 acres;   Field No. 7, 17% acres;   Field W.R. No. 1, 19 acres;   total,
41% acres.    Yield per acre, 1,772 lb.;  cost per ton, $22.25.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of hay, 534,100 lb.
Sowing
Seed	
3,338.12
Expenses.
Fertilizer	
Haul and spread manure
Cutting 	
Mow, rake, and bale 	
Hauling	
$121.00
260.00
235.00
700.85
125.30
114.10
147.00
Profit
1,703.25
$1,634.87
Field No. 2, 28 acres; Field W.R. No. 6, 29 acres; Field W.R. No. 3, 8 acres; Field W.R.
No. 4, 8 acres; Field W.R. No. 8, 6 acres; Field No. 8, 17% acres; total, 96% acres. Yield
per acre, 2.78 tons;  cost per ton, $6.38. COLONY FARM.
X 77
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of ensilage, corn, oats, grass, and clover	
$2,862.00
Expenses.
Plough and disk
Manure 	
Seeding 	
Harrow, etc. 	
Cut and haul
Fertilizer
$628.05
409.00
246.83
145.95
387.80
125.00-
FieldNo. 5,19% acres; Field W.R. No. 5, 7 acres;  Field W.R. No. 8, 6 acres;  Field No. 8,
36 acres;  total, 68% acres.    Yield per acre, 13.93 tons;  cost per ton, $2.04.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of carrots, 306,000 lb	
$1,530.00
Expenses.
Ploughing
Manure 	
Fertilizer _
Seeds	
Drilling ____.
Cultivate _
Hauling	
$10.50
125.00
27.45
7.00
7.70
6.80
47.60
232.05
Profit.
$1,297.95
Field No. 5, 2% acres;  Station Field, 3 acres; total 5% acres.    Yield per acre, 27.82 tons;
cost per ton, $1.52.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of roots, 1,236,500 lb	
$3,709.50
Expenses.
Ploughing
Manure 	
Disk	
Fertilizer _
Seeds and seeding	
Cultivate and harrow
Drilling	
Sowing
Dig and haul
$361.20
570.10
160.00
48.00
56.25
74.20
33.95
25.55
375.15
Profit
1,704.40
$2,005.10
Field No. 8, 19 acres;   Station Field, 3 acres;  total, 22 acres.    Yield per acre, 2.81 tons;
cost per ton, $2.76. X 78 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Production.
Yield of onions, 45,000 lb      $1,028.00
Expenses.
Manure   $151.00
Ploughing  46.55
Disk and harrow  19.70
Seeds and seeding   15.00
Hauling  9.80
  242.05
$1,456.23
Less credit for operator's wages         600.00
Profit  $785.95
Field No. 6, 1% acres.    Yield per acre, 12.86 tons;   cost per ton, $10.76.
TRACTOR.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
329 hours' work          $822.50
Expenses.
Salaries    $1,181.05
Gasoline         275.18
856.23
Loss   $33.73
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1935.
Salaries and vouchers   $15,756.71
Horse-labour  656.95
Fuel  125.00
Sundry supplies to employees  441.66
Tractor  37.50
Proportion of headquarters expenses  $2,488.62
Loss on inventories of equipment  1,558.65
General repairs through Public Works Department  14,580.28
Exchange on cheques  1.38
$17,017.82
18,628.93
$35,646.75 COLONY FARM. X 79
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1935.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 1,497,070 lb  $41,917.96
Cream, 2,971.5 lb.   594.30
Butter, 9,400.5 lb  2,632.14
$45,144.40
Meats—
Veal, 3,856 lb.   $462.72
Beef, 26,288 lb  2,365.97
Pork roasts, 64,470 lb  16,117.50
Hams and bacon, 11,275 lb  2,921.50
Salt pork, 3,902 lb  858.44
Ribs, etc., 23,515 lb  2,351.50
Lard, 9,985 lb  1,497.75
Sausage, 13,696 lb  2,739.20
Fancy meats, 2,770 lb  841.00
Fruit and vegetables—
Fresh     $16,397.79
Canned      15,830.96
30,155.58
32,228.75
Sundries—
Horse-labour       $5,040.00
Gasoline  225.59
Ice   430.00
Miscellaneous  177.76
         5,873.35
$113,402.08
New Westminster Hospital—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1935.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 307,000 lb.  ._       $8,596.00
Cream, 920 lb  184.00
       $8,780.00
Meats—
Pork roasts, 10,316 lb.  $2,579.00
Bacon, 2,136 lb  555.56
Salt pork, 1,552 lb  351.44
Ribs, etc., 325 lb  32.50
Fruit and vegetables—
Fresh        $1,050.70
Canned         1,831.85
Sundries—
Horse-labour        $1,470.00
Miscellaneous  5.00
3,518.50
2,882.55
1,475.00
$16,656.05
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1935.
Sundry amounts due from live stock, etc., sold  $233.19 X 80 MENTAL HOSPITALS REPORT, 1934-35.
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Remittances to Treasury.
Sundry remittances to Treasury during year 1934-35 in payment of live stock and
produce sales       $5,901.74
Summary of Equipment Inventories, March 31st, 1935.
Equipment in dairy  $4,391.75
Equipment in cannery  2,049.50
Horse and cattle barns and piggery  2,031.00
Farm implements   10,307.60
Pumping-station and land-clearing  6,518.50
Butcher-shop   257.00
Carpenter-shop   353.00
Blacksmith-shop  403.00
Sundry equipment  236.50
$26,547.85
Orchard and Small Fruits.
Apple-trees        $1,702.00
Pear-trees          1,435.00
Gooseberry-bushes  570.00
Cherry-trees  462.00
Prune and plum trees         3,287.00
Red-currant bushes  950.00
Strawberry-plants   240.00
Rhubarb-clumps  500.00
Raspberry-canes          2,250.00
     $11,396.00
Bees and bee-supplies, etc  473.75
Vegetables, etc., in field and storage  574.40
$12,444.15
VICTORIA, B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1936.
400-136-6885

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