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BC Sessional Papers

PART E. EASTERN MINERAL SURVEY DISTRICT (NO. 5). BY T. O'GRADY. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1936

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B. T. O'Grady.
During the period under review the Trail plants of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting
Company were operated on the largest scale in their history. Lead and zinc production established an all-time high volume record, with accompanying large increase in silver. This is due
primarily to the greater output of the Sullivan mine at Kimberley to meet the requirements of
the smelter. The Monarch mine of the Base Metals Mining Corporation at Field contributed
substantially to the production of these metals, lead and zinc concentrates having gone forward
regularly to European smelters. Customs shipments to the Trail smelter, chiefly gold ores and
concentrates, show a substantial increase, with contributions from thirty-four properties in
the Nelson Division, twenty-eight in the Slocan camp (including portions of the Ainsworth and
Slocan City Divisions), eleven in the Trail Creek Division (exclusive of the large output made
by lessees at the Rossland mines of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company), and three
in the Lardeau, Arrow Lake, and Fort Steele Divisions (one small shipper in each of these).
The Slocan Camp shipments, with a few exceptions where the ores contained gold, consisted
of silver-lead-zinc ore and concentrates chiefly derived from leasing operations. In this camp
company operations are suspended, except, as stated in the body of this report, where exploration
was conducted on a restricted scale.   Two mines also shipped to the Tacoma smelter.
Production from No. 5 District for the year was: Ore, 1,939,592 tons; gold, lode, 66,164 oz.;
silver, 6,822,948 oz.; copper, 1,169,569 lb.; lead, 344,888,248 lb.; zinc, 240,826,501 lb.; placer
gold, 1,373 oz. Miscellaneous metals, minerals, and structural materials produced had a value
of $781,831.    Coal production for this district was 627,619 tons.
Gold-mining has contributed in an important degree to the improvement in the district
employment situation. Production of gold for the current year is better than any year since
large-scale production by the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company ceased at Rossland.
Customs shipments of gold ores and concentrates for the twelve-month period contained 22,091 oz.
gold, to which must be added the bullion produced by the Reno Gold Mines, Limited; the Relief-
Arlington Mines, Limited; and the Wilcox Leasing Syndicate. Lessees on the mines of the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company at Rossland contributed 25,432 oz. gold. A rough
estimate of 1934 total gold production for District No. 5 is over 66,000 oz.
The gold-mining industry, based on the enhanced price of this metal, is showing evidence
of permanence, with an assurance of increased production when milling operations, such as at
the Yankee Girl (Ymir-Yankee Girl Gold Mines, Limited) and Queen (Sheep Creek Gold Mines,
Limited), get under way. Shipments have been suspended from these properties and the Good-
enough (Ymir Consolidated Gold Mines, Limited) pending consummation of milling plans. Mill
expansion is expected at the Second Relief (Relief-Arlington Mines, Limited), operated by the
Premier Gold Mining Company organization. A substantially larger annual production from the
Reno Gold Mines, Limited, no longer handicapped for power-shortage, can be reasonably expected,
and also from the Kootenay Belle, which is now equipped with a mill. Increased output can
also be expected from some of the properties entering the production stage, such as the Gold Belt
Mining Company and Ymir Dundee Gold Mining Company, while new developments and discoveries, such as, for instance, at the Centre Star property of the Wesko Exploration and
Development Company near Ymir, must be taken into consideration.
Lode-gold development and exploration is going on at numerous prospects in the Nelson
Mining Division j at points in the Fort Steele Division, including the Midway group of the
B.C. Cariboo Gold Fields, Limited, near Moyie, and the Quartz Mountain, near Cranbrook, of the
Kimberley Goldfields Consolidated, Limited; and in the Lardeau Mining Division, as at the
Teddy Glacier (gold-silver-lead) near Camborne. Long-dormant properties in the area south of
Nelson are being investigated and exploration resumed at former producers, such as at the
Porto Rico, which lessees are reopening, and the Fern, where the Gold Fern Syndicate, of
Toronto, has started work.    Preparations are being made to resume work and initiate pro-
duction from the Bayonne mine, reached from Tyee Siding on the western side of Kootenay
lake. In the Lardeau Division mill-construction has been completed by the Meridian Mining
Company. Gold-ore occurrences are widespread in District No. 5 and with good management
and adequate financing, important factors which are beginning to materialize, a substantially
increased and permanent gold production can be expected. A satisfactory feature is the
provision of adequate and dependable power in the Nelson-Ymir-Salmo-Erie area through the
newly constructed transmission-lines of the West Kootenay Power and Light Company extending
from existing hydro-electric plants on the Kootenay river.
The writer desires to thank all mine operators and prospectors for co-operation and
hospitality given.
During the period under review activities in this Division were nearly all concerned with
gold-mining. The appended notes are intended to be read in conjunction with previously
published information as specified in each case. The principal areas of gold occurrences are
the Nelson, Ymir, Sheep Creek, and Erie Creek camps. Geological Survey of Canada publications dealing with the first three mentioned are the Summary Report for 1911, Nelson Map-area ;
Memoir 94, " Ymir Mining Camp " ; and the recently published Memoir 172, " Salmo Map-area."
The upper part of Erie creek, including the Second Relief mine, is beyond the west limit of the
last-mentioned map-area, but is shown on the old West Kootenay Sheet, Map No. 792, which is
of reconnaissance nature, geological boundaries being very approximate. It affords, however,
a means of interpreting the rock formations with the new classification afforded by Memoir 172,
with which Map 299a is incorporated. To serve the growing demands of the gold-mining
industry, which is showing evidence of permanence, a large expenditure was made by the
West Kootenay Power and Light Company in extending its transmission-line from Ymir to
Salmo and up Sheep creek, with a branch from Porto Rico via Barrett creek to the Second
Relief mine. In addition to this mine, the new lines now connect with the Kootenay Belle,
Queen (Sheep Creek Gold Mines, Limited), and Gold Belt in the Sheep Creek camp; the
Yankee Girl, Dundee, Centre Star, and Ymir-Goodenough properties in the Ymir camp.
Near Nelson.
This company's Athabasca property consists of the following seven Crown-
Noble Five granted claims and fractions, namely: Good Hope, Athabasca, Algoma,
Mines, Ltd. Alberta, Manitoba, Ruby Fraction, and Triangle Fraction. It is situated on
the east slope of Morning mountain, 3 miles south of the city of Nelson.
The Venus-Juno group, to the west, consists of the Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Orion, Juno, Kirkwall,
and King of the Forest Crown-granted claims. The Venus-Juno connected group of workings is
6,000 feet westerly from the Athabasca workings. The latter are connected with Nelson by a
road 7 miles in length, from which a branch road extends to the Venus. The claims cover the
well-wooded mountain-side sloping to Giveout creek. Briefly summarizing the general character
of the deposits: The associated minerals are pyrite, galena, and sphalerite in a quartz gangue.
The veins, which are generally narrow, dip with the slope of the hill at flat angles, and cross
the contact of the Nelson granite with a schistose eruptive member of the Rossland volcanic
series. In the case of the Athabasca conditions are complicated owing to numerous step-faults.
In this mine the best gold values were found in the schist where the vein is flat and- much
disturbed by folds and faults, and in the vicinity of the contact where concentrations occurred.
In the granite the values did not average as well as in the schist, but the vein was found in a
more normal condition and better adapted to mining. An interesting discussion of conditions at
the Athabasca by E. Nelson Fell is contained in the Journal of the Canadian Mining Institute,
Vol. V., 1902. Considerable information regarding past mining and milling operations at the
three properties is contained in the Report of the Minister of Mines for the years 1896 to 1904,
inclusive, and in the Summary Report of the Geological Survey for 1911. These cover the early
history and period of chief productive activity.
From 1911 to 1913 the Athabasca and Venus were idle, being reopened in 1914 by A. H.
Gracey, who leased the properties and carried on stoping operations in the Venus mine until 1915.
In 1916 the Athabasca was leased by A. E. Rand and C. D. Brymer, no production being made.
In 1917, 131 tons was milled. In 1919 no work was done in the mines, but the Athabasca mill
was leased by the operators of the California mine.   No further activity occurred until 1932, EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 3
when work on the Venus and Juno was undertaken by J. C. Allison, G. Allen, and associates, of
Nelson, who turned their operation over to the Noble Ifive Mines, Limited, in 1933, this company
having since been in possession. At the time of writing the option on the Venus-Juno group has
been dropped by the Noble Five Mines, Limited. G. Gormley and associated lessees are continuing work on the Venus. According to the official records at Victoria, the combined past
production of the Athabasca and Venus between 1899 and 1917 is 28,296 tons, containing 17,915 oz.
gold and 427 oz. silver. This ore was milled and poor recoveries are stated to have been made.
No further production occurred, until 1934, when 34 tons was shipped from the Athabasca. In the
same year 127 tons was shipped, chiefly by lessees from the Venus, but including a small lot
from the Juno. The Juno is credited in 1905 with 1925 tons containing 911 oz. gold. In 1932
J. C. Allison and G. Allen shipped 123 tons and 29 tons in 1933 before the Noble Five Mines,
Limited, took over. A car-load was shipped by this company in 1934, this tonnage being included
with the 127 tons credited to the Venus as specified above. The 1933 development-work is
recorded in the Report of the Minister of Mines for that year and the present notes are additional
to previously published information.
The Athabasca vein strikes north 45 degrees east and dips towards the
Athabasca. north-west at flat angles, the maximum being 45 degrees. The chief mine-
development of former years consisted of two adits, 53 feet apart in elevation,
driven along the strike of the vein, and by a shaft sunk on the vein at an inclination of
12 degrees. No. 2 is the main working-level and the shaft has been sunk to a point 30 feet
vertically below it. On the No. 3 intermediate level, 15 feet vertically below No. 2, 250 feet of
drifting has been done. The greatest development of the vein is on No. 2 level, where a section
in the granite 700 feet long has been opened up and stoped. In the schist, where disturbance
of the vein made its exploitation difficult, the vein-development was limited to 225 feet in length.
In the stope above the western end of No. 2 level there is a cross-fault dipping steeply to the
west, beyond which very little effort has been made to find the vein. This is considered to
constitute an important objective for future exploration. Most of. the ground above this level
has been stoped. A new lower adit at an elevation of 4,437 feet, or 163 feet below No. 2, was
driven by the present operators. This comprises 719 feet of driving, with two raises, 30 and
90 feet up respectively, all in granite. The downward continuation of the vein was not
encountered, its projected position at this horizon being farther to the north-west if the vein
maintained its dip and strike as shown in the upper workings. In November, work in No. 4
adit had been discontinued and exploration was proceeding on No. 2 level in the vicinity of the
granite-schist contact. All work on the Athabasca ground was done with machines driven by
the 14 by 12 Canadian Rand (old model) compressor, which had previously been moved up to
No. 4 level portal from the old Athabasca mill. This is operated by a 100-horse-power General
Electric motor, current being supplied by the West Kootenay Power and Light Company.
This property, together with the Juno referred to later, is owned by R. Heddle,
Venus. of Nelson, the option on both held by the Noble Five Mines, Limited, having
just been dropped. The general strike of the Venus vein is south 65 degrees
east. It appears to follow a basic dyke traversing the schist close to the granite-contact. The
mine has been developed on eight levels over a length of 1,500 feet along the strike of the vein
and over a vertical range of 400 feet, the elevation at No. 8 level being 4,900 feet. The vein is
generally narrow but very persistent. Above No. 8 level the known ore-shoots have been stoped
out. Except for stoping done by lessees, no new work has been undertaken in the old mine.
A start was made to open up a new deeper level at an elevation of 4,750 feet. This level has
been driven, chiefly in broken ground, for a length of 300 feet, the face being about 600 feet
short of a point below the ore-zone mined on No. 8 level. This work was done by hand under
This mine, owned by R. Heddle, is above and south of the Venus.    The adit,
Juno. at an elevation of 5,394 feet, is connected by means of a long raise with No. 4
level of the Venus. The Juno vein strikes north 50 degrees east and dips at
60 degrees to the north-west. Its present development is entirely within the schistose eruptive
rock. The adit is a crosscut 625 feet long to the vein, on which a raise has been put up to the
surface. Drifts extend to the south-west from the raise at elevations of 5,500 and 5,400 feet.
The upper (or No. 1) level is 50 feet long, being stoped to the surface. The No. 2 level drift is
470 feet long, of which the last 250 feet, driven by the Noble Five Mines, Limited, is stated to E 4 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
average 0.65 oz. gold per ton across 16 inches. This ore is assumed to be the flatly raking
downward continuation of the ore stoped above No. 1 level by former operators and in the
adjoining outcrop section to the south-west from which ore was shipped in 1932 by G. Allen
and J. C. Allison. A car-load of ore included with Venus tonnage was shipped from No. 2 level
in 1934.    The Juno work was done by hand.
This property, owned by the Euphrates Mining Company, Limited, is situated
Euphrates.       on the north-eastern side of the Salmo river, opposite Golden Age Siding on
the Great Northern Railway, 9 miles from Nelson. The camp adjoins the
Nelson highway and the railway-tracks below the workings which are reached by trail. There
are sixteen claims, none of which is Crown-granted, covering the steeply sloping, burned-over
mountain-side. The history of the property, dating back to 1926, when the discoveries of gold
mineralization were made, is contained in the Reports of the Minister of Mines for the years
1926 to 1931, inclusive, and 1933; also in Bulletin No. 1, 1932, " Lode-gold Deposits of British
Columbia." The 1929 Report contains a comprehensive description of the deposits which occur
in schistose eruptive members of the Rossland volcanic formation. Production, consisting of
shipments of sorted ore to the Trail smelter, has been as follows: 11 tons in 1928, 1 ton in 1929,
47 tons in 1931, and 59 tons in 1934. This last lot was shipped by S. Terzian on a leasing basis
after work under company management had been suspended in the summer. The present notes
are additional to previously published information. The development-work in 1933 and 1934
was done under the management of B. N. Sharp, representing the controlling interest acquired
under option by the Spokane-Idaho Copper Company, of Spokane, of which J. P. Graves is
managing director. The chief work done consisted in extending the lower adit on the Ell-Tee
vein. This working, at an elevation of 3,950 feet, is now about 1,700 feet in from the portal.
From the economic point of view there is no appreciable change in conditions since the property
was described in 1929. The Ell-Tee fissure, well exposed throughout the length of the working,
averages from 4 to 6 inches in width, with a maximum width of about 2 feet. There are two
short stopes, each about 30 feet long and 25 feet high, at points about 300 and 900 feet in from
the portal. In the backs of these stopes vein-widths were about 3 inches, of which samples
taken in June, 1933, gave assays of 0.36 and 0.15 oz. gold per ton respectively. The vein-filling
as exposed throughout the adit is either quartz or shattered wall-rock, or both. Quartz
occurrences are not very persistent either in length or vertical extent, as may be seen along
the adit and in the small stopes. The occurrences may be described as elongated lenses from
a few feet to 30 or 40 feet in length and averaging less than 6 inches wide. The quartz is often
well mineralized with galena and pyrite, at times oxidized, and the shattered or schistose
wall-rock is highly oxidized. The small ore-body stoped in the upper Ell-Tee adit does not
persist to the lower level, indicating a habit of extreme localization of the ore occurrences, which
is further shown by the small amount of quartz and mineral showing in the backs of the two
small stopes previously mentioned. The Lost Cabin shear-zone, on which some more trenching
was done, strikes and dips with the formation, the average width of the shearing being from
6 to 8 feet. Its intensity tends to diminish rapidly in short distances and the same is true of
the mineralization and bands or elongated lenses of quartz. The gold content as sampled in
the old workings was very erratic, with occasional high assays being obtained, due to heavy
concentration through oxidation or possibly the local occurrence of a little free gold (see
sampling recorded in Report of the Minister of Mines for 1929). Diamond-drilling was also
done by the company.
Hall Creek.
This group consists of fourteen claims, of which the Flying Dutchman and
Flying Phoebus are Crown-granted.   It is owned by the partnership of O. A. Tapanila
Dutchman.      and L. Madden, of Nelson, and H. Erickson and C. Peterson, of Hall Siding.
The property, situated on the north side of Hall creek^-west of Noman creek,
is connected by trail, 1.5 miles in length, with the Hall Creek road, 3.5 miles from the highway
south of Nelson. Elevations range from 3,600 feet on Hall creek below the claims to over 6,000
feet at the top of the ridge. The ground covered is a steep, burned-over side-hill. The country-
rocks are augite porphyry, augite-feldspar porphyry, and their metamorphosed equivalents,
greenstone-schists, members of the Rossland volcanic series of Triassic age. There are numerous
quartz veins on  the claims irregularly mineralized with disseminated pyrite and  occasional EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 5
chalcopyrite, galena being associated in places with one or both of the other sulphides. The
mineralization contains gold values, the silver content not being of importance. In general,
oxidation is not much in evidence. No previous description of the property has been published
and no past production is recorded. With the exception of the two Crown-granted claims
specified, the stakings are all recent locations.
On the Flying Dutchman two adits, at elevations of 5,055 and 5,000 feet respectively, develop
a quartz vein, strike north 50 degrees to 10 degrees east, dip from 65 to 75 degrees to the west.
Surface workings consist of two open-cuts. The upper adit, a shallow drift on the vein from
its outcrop, is all in quartz. At the inner end of this drift, which is 35 feet long, a crosscut
shows a width of 13 feet of quartz. Sampling in two sections here gave assays of 0.04 and
0.1 oz. gold per ton across widths of 6 and 7 feet respectively. In an open-cut 30 feet southerly
from the portal the vein is 6 inches wide, indicating a lenticular occurrence, containing traces
of pyrite. The lower adit is a crosscut 140 feet long to the vein, which is drifted on for 105 feet,
mostly to the north of the crosscut. The drift follows quartz, 1.5 to 7 feet wide, to a point
70 feet north of the crosscut, where the quartz pinches out and gives way to schistose porphyry
containing streaks of quartz. Irregular disseminations of pyrite occur throughout the quartz
in the drift, with a concentration of the iron sulphide, with a little chalcopyrite, towards the
northern extremity of the lens.    Sampling on the No. 2 level gave the following results:—
Location. ™th ta ",   Gold-
Feet. Oz. per Ton.
South end of drift      3.0 0.02
At crosscut intersection, hanging-wall side     3.0 0.04
At crosscut intersection, foot-wall side     4.0 Trace
20 feet north of crosscut      4.8 0.29
40 feet north of crosscut      3.7+ 0.11
60 feet north of crosscut    4.6 0.07
70 feet north of crosscut      1.5 0.31
From pile of 1.5 tons at portal Selected 0.40
About 150 feet east of the occurrence described there is a parallel vein, 8 to 10 inches wide,
which has been opened by a 20-foot adit. The vein-filling is white quartz with no apparent
On the Rainbow Hill claim, at an elevation of 5,400 feet, a vein which outcrops on the face
of a low bluff has been exposed by two open-cuts and an adit just started. It is from 1 to 3 feet
wide and strikes north 10 degrees east, with a dip of 70 degrees to the west. In the face of the
adit a sample across 3 feet of quartz containing sparsely disseminated pyrite gave a nil assay.
On the Skookum Boy, at about 5,800 feet elevation, a deep trench exposes a northerly-
striking sheared and crushed zone 9 to 10 feet wide. It contains fragments of pyritized rock
with specks of chalcopyrite and, in places, faint copper-carbonate stains. On the same claim,
at a slightly higher elevation, a shallow cut has been made on the outcrop of a 6- to 8-inch
quartz vein well mineralized with disseminated pyrite and chalcopyrite, occasional galena being
present. A selected sample of the sulphide material assayed: Gold, 0.80 oz. per ton; silver,
1.2 oz. per ton. There are other veins, on which only shallow cuts have been made, on the
lona, Skookum Boy, and Gold Coinage claims.
This group of five claims, owned by the same partnership, is situated on the
H.B. south side of Hall creek,  opposite the Flying Dutchman property,  and is
reached by a steep branch trail from the main trail along the valley-bottom.
The topography and character of the ground are similar on both sides of Hall creek. The
deposits also consist of quartz veins, the country-rocks being greenstones. Mineralization, where
present, consists of pyrite, chalcopyrite, and their oxidation products. The claims are comparatively recent locations by H. Erickson and C. Peterson, but old workings not previously
described are on the H.B. No. 1 claim. No production has been made from the property. On the
H.B. work done by the owners includes five open-cuts and 165 feet of driving underground,
mostly crosscut, 55 feet below the outcrop workings, which are comprised within a length of
100 feet. In the cuts the vein varies from 5 feet of solid white quartz to two or more irregular
stringers of quartz in the country-rock. A little pyrite was noted in the gangue and, where
oxidized, slight copper-carbonate stain. Selected material from the surface assayed: Gold,
trace ; silver, 0.6 oz. per ton ; copper, 0.9 per cent. At an elevation of 3,825 feet the adit, driven
south 35 degrees west for 70 feet, cuts the vein at 35 feet in from the portal, from which point
it is followed by a drift run north 80- degrees west for 25 feet to where the vein pinches out
against a fault. The working then continues south 40 degrees west in country-rock for 70 feet.
The vein, which is vertical, varies in width from 1 to 3 feet and is.composed of quartz and
decomposed siliceous material very sparsely mineralized with pyrite, chalcopyrite, and their
oxidation products. A sample taken across 15 inches at the western end of the drift at the
crosscut gave a negative assay for gold and silver. Higher up the hill, and 200 feet to the
south, shallow cuts imperfectly expose a parallel vein apparently 1 foot wide. The gangue is
decomposed iron-stained siliceous material with occasional light copper-carbonate stain. Selected
material assayed 0.19 oz. gold per ton.
On the H.B. No. 1 claim there are two old adits at elevations of 4,535 and 4,475 feet
respectively. The upper adit is driven south 65 degrees west for 25 feet, cutting diagonally
across a zone of east-west shearing in silicified pyritized greenstone. The dip of the fracturing
is 50 degrees to the north. The lower adit is first driven west for 95 feet along a barren fissure,
then turns north 20 degrees west for 55 feet to the face. The reason for driving these workings
is not apparent, but the claim lies to the west of the Fern property, and prospecting for the
possible south-western extension of that vein would no doubt have been carried on during the
past period of activity when the Fern mine was producing.
Ymir Camp.
This company's property, consisting of the Canadian Girl, Yankee Girl, Lake
Ymir-Yankee Girl View, Black Diamond, Yukon Fraction, and Klondyke No. 1 Fraction Crown-
Gold Mines, Ltd. granted claims, is located on the northern slope of Oscar (Bear) Creek valley
east of Ymir. An ore-bin at the Great Northern Railway tracks, elevation
2,393 feet, is connected by aerial tram, 6,000 feet long, with the main working, or 1,235-foot level,
at an elevation of 3,618 feet. A road 2 miles in length extends from Ymir to the mine camp
below the workings. The recently constructed mill is on the eastern side of the Salmo river,
about 300 feet from the railway and directly across from the old tramway terminal. The type
of deposit, character of mineralization, and early history of the property have been described
in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 94, published in 1917, and in the Report of the Minister
of Mines for 1915. The latter publication for the years 1920, 1926 to 1929, 1932, and 1933
contains references to the salient features of progressive development. The important operating
periods were: Between 1911 and 1919 by the Hobson Silver Lead Company, Limited; in 1920,
when a large amount of underground exploration was done by the Mining Corporation of
Canada ; between 1926 and 1928 successively by the Yankee Girl, Limited, the Porcupine Gold-
fields Development and Finance Company, Limited, and the Yankee Girl Consolidated Mines,
Limited. In 1929 work done by the last-mentioned company chiefly consisted in driving a long
adit from the Wild Horse Creek side to intersect the vein 765 feet below the 1,235-foot level
horizon. Work in this adit was discontinued before the objective was reached. Subsequently
the Yankee Girl mine, as distinguished from the ground which had been acquired for the low
adit-site on Wild Horse creek, reverted to the owners, the Texas Yankee Girl, Limited. Early in
1932 a new period started when E. P. Crawford and F. R. Weekes, mining engineers, took over
the property under agreement with the owners. After operating successfully on a shipping basis
during 1932, 1933, and 1934 they participated in the formation of the present company. The 1934
output to November 1st totalled 13,966 dry tons containing 9,104 oz. gold, 72,979 oz. silver,
1,570,110 lb. lead, and 2,375,910 lb. zinc. Shipping from the date mentioned was discontinued
to break ore for the mill. According to figures compiled by the management, total shipments
of crude ore to date amount to 101,166 tons, of which 65,404 tons was shipped prior to 1932.
Principal values are in gold, with minor amounts of silver, lead, and zinc. The main ore-bearing
area of the Yankee Girl vein, including the original McDowell and Hobson ore-bodies at the
eastern and western extremities, is about 1,000 feet long. Within this length, and in vertical
extent as far as development has gone, ore selectively mined- for shipment has been found to
occur in irregular manner. In the central area, between the 800- and 540-foot levels, one of
the best stopes in the mine was opened up latterly, although the old 540-foot level drift did not
give any indication of it. This stope has attained a length of over 400 feet, with ore-widths
mined up to 12 feet. Much ground with ore possibilities remains' to be tested above the 1,235-
foot level, comparatively little work having been done in the eastern section above the 540-foot EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 7
level. Vein areas below shipping-grade left in the workings will be stoped for milling. The
year's development footage to November 1st totalled 1,698 feet of drifting and raising, chiefly
in the ore-zone. The 528 raise was put up 300 feet above the 540-foot level and from it drifts
were run east and west on the 400-foot level.
In the east drift, 400 feet long, a 50-foot length of high-grade ore 3.5 to 4 feet wide was
exposed immediately east of the raise. The west drift connects with the formerly established
400-foot level drift east of the Hobson stope. Drifting off the raise in both directions has been
started at the 250-foot level. The 935-foot level was extended westerly to a point below the
Hobson stope and a good section of ore, up to 9.5 feet wide, opened up in the western extension
of the 794 stope. The 791 raise was completed to the 935-foot level and the 792 raise has been
carried up to connect with the 800-foot level. Exposures of milling-grade ore over mining-widths,
averaging 5 feet in width, are exposed at numerous points in the new workings, with sections
of better ore in places such as has been shipped. In the foot-wall country of the Yankee Girl
vein is a branching fracture, known as the Spur vein, which has been exposed and stoped in
places on the 1,035-, 800-, and 400-foot levels. It appears to extend over a length of about 800
feet, with a width of from 4 to 6 feet where exposed. At the eastern extremity of the 1,235-foot
level development is proceeding in the area of the Lakeview shear-zone, which, striking northeasterly, makes a pronounced angle with the more easterly-striking Yankee Girl vein. The
Lakeview fracture has hitherto been practically unexplored, except for some surface work and
a small amount of drifting on the 1,235-foot level. Improvements at the mine include housing
at the 1,235-foot level portal for the newly provided electrically-driven 1,500-cubic-foot capacity
Canadian Ingersoll-Rand compressor. The old compressor plant, driven by water-power and
situated in the creek-valley below the mine, is to be moved to the same location. Total compressor capacity of 2,200 cubic feet will thus be available for an extended campaign of
development. Electric haulage is to be used on this main working-level consisting of a Mancha
mule storage-battery locomotive 31 inches wide. The aerial tram has been repaired and
improved for heavier duty. New terminals have been erected, a new driving-cable installed,
and the standing cable replaced in part.
The mill, of 100 tons capacity, consists of a coarse-crushing plant, separately housed,
connected by conveyor with the main building, containing the line-crushing, flotation, and
cyanide section. Two concentrates will be made, a gold-silver-lead concentrate to be shipped to
the smelter and a gold-zinc-iron cencentrate to be cyanided for bullion product. The latter
concentrate is expected to contain the bulk of the gold in the ore. The concentrates for shipment will be conveyed from the mill to the railway on a covered track. The mill flow-sheet was
designed by W. L. Zeigler, of Spokane. From the aerial tram the ore, dumped into a 150-ton
bin, is fed through a 2-inch grizzly to a 10- by 20-inch Blake crusher. The product goes by 24-inch
conveyor to 4- by 6-foot Acro-vib 1-inch mesh screen, from which the oversize goes to a 24-inch
Symons cone-crusher. This product with the undersize go by 18-inch conveyor to the 300-ton
mill-bin, from which it is fed by 12-inch conveyor to the 7- by 3-foot direct-driven Hardinge
ball-mill connected with 6- by 21-foot Dorr-type classifier. The flotation equipment consists of
two units each comprising eight Mineral Separation 18-inch sub-A cells, the first for making the
lead concentrate which goes to a 20- by 8-foot thickener, from which it is conveyed by an elevator
to a filter, the concentrate product being stored for shipment in a 100-ton bin and the tailings
going to storage impound. The iron-zinc concentrate from the second Mineral Separation flotation 8-cell unit goes to the cyanide section, comprising standard units designed for a treatment
capacity of 20 tons of gold-zinc-iron concentrate. All machines are operated by individual
motors, power for the mill, as for the mine, being supplied by the West Kootenay Power and
Light Company. Water-supply for the mill is pumped from the Salmo river to the 15,000-gallon
tank located above the plant. At the time of writing the mill is being operated on a 24-hour
basis and, commencing with 50 tons a day during the testing period, the tonnage treated is being
gradually increased.   H. W. Seamon is general manager, residing at the mine.
The property of this recently incorporated company, acquired under agree-
Ymir Dundee    ment from the Dundee Gold Mines, Limited, comprises the Old Bill, Parker,
Gold Mining     Lighthart, Annie Fraction, and White Pine Crown-granted claims, which are
Co., Ltd. contiguous  to  and immediately south  of the Yankee  Girl property, being
reached by the same road extending 2 miles easterly from Ymir, on the E 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Great Northern Railway. The type of deposit, character of mineralization, and history of the
property from 1897 to 1914 are described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 94 and in
the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1915. The following notes are intended to be additional
to the previously published information: Total production to 1914 is given as about 300 tons,
averaging from $15 to $20 per ton, being chiefly in gold with some silver. No further activity
occurred until 1934, when the present company took over the property. The description in
Memoir 94 includes plan and sections of the mine. Exact elevations above sea-level are not
available at the time of writing. The collar of the shaft, the original working sunk from the
surface, is 904 feet in elevation above the adit, 2,954 feet long. This latter working is a few
hundred feet lower than the 1,235-foot level of the Yankee Girl at 3,600 feet elevation. The
new work done consists of raising on the ore-shoot at a point 25 feet back from the face of the
long adit. The shaft, 260 feet deep, which was sunk on an ore-shoot, as has been described in
the publications referred to, is about 400 feet westerly from the theoretical prolongation of the
new raise to the surface. East of the shaft-collar the old outcrop workings include an adit
which crosscuts the vein, exposing a width of 4 feet of heavily oxidized mineralization. The
past production was derived from the shaft-workings, where a limited amount of drifting was
done. When the writer visited the property in November the new 5- by 18-foot raise was up
100 feet on the steep dip of the vein. Throughout this working irregular mineralization was
apparent, with, in places, concentrations of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite. At the top of the
raise heavy sulphide mineralization over a width of 7 feet is in evidence. From this working
eight lots of roughly sorted ore shipped to the Trail smelter totalled 307 dry tons, containing
113 oz. gold, 834 oz. silver, 25,597 lb. lead, and 25,622 lb. zinc. Improvements at the mine
include blacksmith-shop and compressor-house, with office, bunk-house, dry, and stable. The
compressor-house has been connected with the West Kootenay Power and Light Company's
transmission-line, but for the present compressed air is being supplied from the Yankee Girl
mine, for which purpose a new pipe-line has been laid.    B. N. Sharp is in charge.
The property of this company consists of the Morning Star and Evening Star
Trites Gold      Crown-granted   claims,   with   fourteen   contiguous  claims   held   by  location.
Mining Co., Ltd. The  claims  are  situated on  the  north  side  of  Oscar creek,  adjoining the
Yankee Girl property to the east and north-east, being reached by an extension
of the same road which serves that mine and the Dundee. The distance from Ymir to the
Two Star property, as it is known, is 4 miles by road. The camp at the adit-level, 4,300 feet
in elevation above sea-level, is situated in a gully sloping steeply to Oscar creek, the character
of the ground being brushy, open, side-hill. The deposits occur in north-easterly-striking Assures
cutting diagonally across argillites, schists, and quartzites of the Pend d'Oreille series, and
granitic tongues from the Nelson batholith. Exposures of the igneous rock are more extensive
on Two Star ground than on the Yankee Girl and Dundee, where vein strikes and dips and
structural relations to the rock formations are similar. The mineralization consists of iron,
lead, and zinc sulphides, with which gold values are associated. The property was acquired
late in 1933 from the Two Star Mining Company, Limited, which started development, financed
by A. B. Trites, of Vancouver, after an interval of many years during which the property was
idle. The Morning Star and Evening Star claims, constituting the nucleus of the present
undertaking, were staked prior to 1897 by T. Flynn. Subsequent work included open-cuts on
both claims and the sinking of a prospect-shaft on the Evening Star claim. No further activity
is recorded until operations were initiated in August, 1933, by J. L. Parker for the Two Star
Mining Company, Limited. Towards the end of 1933 the Trites Gold Mining Company, Limited,
was incorporated to carry on the work. The Report of the Minister of Mines for that year
contains a description of the camp construction, compressor plant, and initial progress made.
A new 350-cubic-foot Canadian Ingersoll-Rand compressor has since been substituted in the
power plant, the original equipment, brought from the Giant mine, being kept in reserve. The
surface workings on the Evening Star and Morning Star consist of open-cuts tracing the
continuity of the north-easterly-striking vein. On the Evening Star the old shaft, at elevation
5,144 feet (collar), was sunk in an ore-shoot 95 feet on the 75-degree dip of the vein. No drifting
was done in this working, which was largely filled with water until recently drained by the
tapping of the same fissure in the crosscut at 4,300 feet elevation (portal). This adit, which
has been driven 3,135 feet in a direction slightly west of north, starts on the Mill Fraction
claim, passes through the Black Diamond, owned by the Ymir-Yankee Girl Gold Mines, Limited, EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 9
into the Evening Star claim. It cuts a series of parallel fissures and fissured zones, including
those believed to correspond to the projected positions of the Twilight, Morning Star, and
Yankee Girl veins. The rocks cut, measured in feet from the portal, are : From 0 to 770, granite;
770 to 1,455, interbanded quartzite, argillite, and schist; 1,455 to 1,820, granite; 1,S20 to 2,253,
argillite, quartzite, and schist; 2,253 to 2,429, granite; 2,429 to 2,583, chiefly quartzite and
argillite, with some schist; 2,583 to 2,620, lamprophyre dyke; 2,620 to 2,832, argillite, some
schist, and altered granite; 2,832 to the face at 3,135, granite. At 1,566 feet, in the second
granite area, a fissure known as the Black Diamond is cut. This is sheared granite 3 feet
wide, including a 3-inch quartz stringer mineralized with pyrite, some galena, and sphalerite.
At 2,130 and 2,190 feet the adit cuts fractures containing quartz stringers, 11 and 8 inches wide
respectively, and similarly mineralized, correlated as the Twilight vein-zone. In drifting to
the east on the northern fracture faulting was encountered and, when the property was visited
in November, crosscuts were being made to the north and south. The drift, 190 feet long, was
in quartzite. At 2,542 feet the Morning Star zone of Assuring, 13 feet wide, is intersected in
a quartzite-argillite area, much quartz being in evidence. At 2,955 feet a zone of Assuring 9 feet
wide, in granite, is thought to be the Yankee Girl vein-Assure, or its Lakeview branch. It is
evidently the downward extension of the vein-Assure on which the 95-foot shaft was sunk on
the Evening Star claim, although standing at a steeper angle, the dip in the adit being from
80 to 85 degrees as compared with 75 degrees in the shaft. The latter working is about 285 feet
westerly from the vein intersection in the adit. On November 9th 150 feet of drifting had been
done to the west from the crosscut as part of the programme to test the ground below the shaft.
In sections of the drift towards the face there were quartz stringers containing iron, lead, and
zinc sulphides, from which selected samples gave gold and silver values similar to the general
content of the ores of the camp.
The very extensive holdings of this company, of which only the Centre Star
Wesko is herein described, comprise twenty-three Crown-granted  claims, with five
Exploration and leases of reverted Crown grants which are specified later, and 238 claims
Development    acquired by staking.    The exact location of the Crown-granted claims, except
Co., Ltd.        the four included in the Longsley group, are shown on Mineral Reference
Map 2 T 280. The general geology of the area is shown on the Geological
Survey of Canada, Ymir Sheet, Map 175a, which is of a reconnaissance nature, issued in 1916,
and the Salmo Sheet, Map 299a, recently published. Except for claims staked to round off
Crown-granted properties, the new stakings consist of blocks and lines of claims, totalling
12% miles in length, covering the extensions of the metamorphosed sedimentaries of the Pend
d'Oreille series and Reno formation (see G.S.C. Memoir 172) from the Sheep Creek camp
northerly. The ground staked includes a group north-east of the Reno property and a large area
between Hidden and Active creeks. Going north-north-east from the latter point, in the vicinity
of the Howard mine, two continuous belts of claims, separated by an extensive exposure of the
Nelson batholith, lenticular in plan, extend to the head of Wild Horse (Ymir) creek. At this
northern point is situated the Longsley property, which includes the B.C., Longsley, Coliseum,
and Anaconda Crown-granted claims. The other Crown grants, including leases, acquired by
the company are: The Carthage, L.M. Fraction, Joplin, Oronogo, Ramsey, Golden Calf, and
Annie Maud, comprising the Carthage group adjacent to and north-east of the Ymir mine
property on Huckleberry creek; the Rosalia and Centenial east of and across Ymir creek from
the Wilcox mine; the Wren and Calumet south of and across the creek from the Wilcox; the
Comet, Planet, and Rocket on the north side of Oscar (Bear) creek, 3% miles east of Ymir;
the Neb Girl and Bonanza at the head of Oscar creek, 4% miles from Ymir; the Chihuahua,
Eldorado, and Carmencita in the angle between Porcupine and Active creeks; and the six claims
of the Centre Star property described below.
This group includes the Redman, Tivilight, Gold Island, Crowfoot, Blind
Centre Star.      Canyon, and Centre Star Crown-granted claims, with ten adjoining claims
held by location. The property, situated on the south side of Oscar creek,
south-east of Ymir settlement, is reached by road 3 miles long. The Ymir-Yawfcee Girl mine
road is followed for half a mile to the cemetery (shown on G.S.C. Map 175a), and from there
the old Jubilee mine road, renovated by the Wesko Company, is used for a length of 1.25 miles.
From this point to the Centre Star workings a new section of road suitable for caterpillar-
tractor haulage was built for a length of 1% miles.    The elevation at Ymir is 2,393 feet and at E 10
the Centre Star lower adit it is 3,828 feet. The area lies on a brushy, burned-over side-hill
descending on a moderate slope to the Salmo river 3,000 feet to the west. The Great Northern
Railway tracks are on the western side of the valley a few hundred feet beyond the river.
The general geology of the area is shown on Map 175a, Geological Survey of Canada. The
Centre Star deposits occur as fissure-veins cutting diagonally across the trend of schistose rocks
of the Pend d'Oreille series, mineral occurrences being localized where the fissures intersect
Supposed faulted
continuation of North vein.
re O.
Scale i
blacksmith's SHOPS,'
, ^Portal
O-^y   \new adit
^      \Elev. 38S8'
Ore shewn  thus £M-$£;v:::::vv
/.amprophyre dyke W&£*?:£.
Surface cuts *£* -£>
B.C. Department, of Mines
Centre Star.    From Company's Plans.
granitic tongues related to the main mass of Nelson granite to the east. Lamprophyre dykes
cut the Assures, which are filled with quartz and altered, silicified wall-rock, mineralized with
streaks and masses of iron-stained oxidized material, denoting the original presence of sulphides.
Pyromorphite was identified in one showing, assays showing up to 3 per cent. lead. The only
sulphide mineralization seen was at a depth of about 100 feet at the inner extremity of the old EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 11
prospect-adit. This consisted of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite in a quartz gangue, values being
chiefly in gold with some silver, as in the case of the typical ores of the Ymir mining camp.
The Centre Star claim was located- in 1900 and at that time a limited amount of work was done
on one of the showings. The present operators acquired the property in the summer of 1934
and carried on systematic prospecting to trace the veins and showings on the surface. This
work, as shown in the accompanying illustration, defined two vein areas designated as the north
and south veins. These strike approximately north 45 degrees east, dips being from 75 to 80
degrees to the north-west. On the north vein, which is a sheared zone, 30 feet wide in places,
there are three principal showings irregularly outlined by the trenching and stripping clone.
The Arst, at an elevation of 3,997 feet, is up to 16 feet wide, where sampling done in two sections
6 and 12 feet wide gave assays of 0.72 and 0.20 oz. gold per ton respectively. These and all
assays quoted were supplied by the management, the results of sampling by independent examining engineers also being made available. All surface exposures are more or less oxidized and
the assays quoted show the gold content found in the better sections of the outcrop exposed.
The average grade of the primary mineralization below the zone of oxidation will be the ultimate
criterion of value. The next showing is 60 feet to the north-east at and adjacent to the portal
of the original prospect-adit, which, mostly driven in a faulted area, ran out of the mineralization
in a short distance. The new trenching here, at an elevation of 4,028 feet, exposes a large
irregularly shaped mineralized area. To the north-west of the adit portal a sample across
6 feet assayed 0.60 oz. gold per ton. At the portal, where cross-fracturing occurs striking southeasterly, a sample across 4 feet assayed 1.76 oz. gold per ton, and a check sample taken at the
same point gave 2.44 oz. gold per ton, with 7.2 oz. silver per ton across 3 feet. Beyond here
30 feet, going north-easterly along the surface exposure, the vein appears to be faulted about
40 feet to the south-east, where it is again exposed in surface-trenching. What appears to be
another faulted segment is exposed 100 feet away, going south 70 degrees east in extensive
trenching varying in elevation from 4,120 to 4,139 feet. Here a sample across 10 feet, taken in
three sections, averaged 0.32 oz. gold per ton, with 3.7 oz. silver per ton. East of here a sample
across 3.5 feet assayed 0.75 oz. gold per ton. The eastern end of the showing appears to be cut
off by another fault in a crushed and brecciated zone. Some trenches, not specified, show vein
indications and north-east shearing, while in others schist, granitic rock, or lamprophyre dykes
are exposed. The south vein, of smaller dimensions, lying 350 feet to the south-east, strikes
in the same general direction as the north vein. A section of this vein 75 feet long is exposed
in new trenching done between elevations of 4,157 and 4,182 feet. At the upper point, near
which a 26-inch sample gave 2.32 oz. gold per ton, the vein is offset by a lamprophyre dyke for
20 feet to the north-west, where a short section is exposed at the collar of a prospect-shaft 16 feet
deep. Here a 12-inch sample assayed: Gold, 0.52 oz. per ton; silver, 6 oz. per ton. The apparent
continuation of the vein at the shaft is picked up in trenching 30 feet to the north-east at an
elevation of 4,189 feet. The only appreciable underground work done before the present company
took over is the prospect-adit on the north vein. This working, 132 feet long, is driven south
81 degrees east for 75 feet, where a north-westerly-striking lamprophyre dyke 8 feet wide crosses
the adit. From here the course is south 60 degrees east for 25 feet; thence south 82 degrees
east for 32 feet to the face, where the Wesko Company ran branches south 24 degrees west for
21 feet and north 8 degrees east for 6 feet. In the face of the last-mentioned branch mixed
sulphide mineralization of uncertain definition makes its appearance. A new adit, 350 feet in
at the time of writing, is being driven north-easterly from an elevation of 3,828 feet. This is
a drift along the north vein which was traced to the adit-site. Crosscutting of this vein will
be done when the ore-zone is reached and the south vein will be similarly tested at depth from
the new adit. After the preliminary prospecting was done and road-work completed by the
company, all necessary camp buildings were erected on a site adjoining the new adit and at the
same elevation. These include a two-story combined bunk and cook house, compressor building,
blacksmith-shop, dry, fuse-house, and powder-magazine. A Gardner-Denver 360-cubic-foot
capacity compressor was installed, with drill-sharpener and oil-forge. The plant is operated
by electricity supplied by the AVest Kootenay Power and Light Company. H. Lakes is in charge,
with H. Stevens mine foreman.
AVhile latterly all efforts of the Wesko Exploration and Development Company were concentrated on the Centre Star operation, work was previously done, during the period under review,
at the Carthage, Longsley, and Big Patch groups.    All this work was by hand.    At the Carthage, E 12
referred to in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 94 and in the Report of the Minister of
Mines for 1917, the old adit was cleaned out and some surface work done to prospect for the
possible north-easterly continuation of the Ymir vein. Surface work was done on the Longsley
group, and at the Big Patch group of claims near the head of Porcupine creek underground work
in progress was discontinued for the winter.
Following the activity initiated in 1933 by the Ymir Gold Mines, Limited, this
Ymir new company was incorporated in September, 1934, to acquire and operate
Consolidated     the adjoining Goodenough and Ymir mine properties, which are situated on
Gold Mines, Ltd. the western side of Huckleberry creek, in the angle between that stream and
Wild Horse creek. The distance by road from Ymir is 5 miles to the Ymir
mine, south of which a branch road leads to the Goodenough mine. Conditions being similar in
some respects, the two properties are combined for preliminary description in these notes and
later treated separately for individual attention. The ground, sloping steeply to the creeks
mentioned, is burned over and covered with heavy brush. The deposits are alike, in that they
occur as lenticular-shaped shoots, of widely varying size, in quartz-filled fissure-veins striking
from north 65 degrees east to north 70 degrees east and dipping at from 60 to 70 degrees to the
north-west. The veins cut diagonally across the strike of the enclosing schist and argillite,
members of the Pend d'Oreille series of late Precambrian age, which trend north 5 degrees east
to north 30 degrees east and dip from 65 to 70 degrees to the north-west, to vertical. The
general geology of the area is shown on Geological Survey of Canada Map 175a. The mineralization consists of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite, with which gold and silver values are associated,
principal values being in gold. The tonnage is quartz and altered wall-rock. O. D. Frith is in
charge of work at both properties.
This property consists of the Rockland, Ymir, Mugwump, Golden Horn, Robert-
Ymir. son Fraction, and Laurence Fraction Crown-granted  mineral  claims,  with
surface rights and a mill-site. The geology, history, development, and production of the deposits were extensively dealt with by C. W. Drysdale in Geological Survey of
Canada Memoir 94, " Ymir Mining Camp," published in 1917. The more important references
in the Report of the Minister of Mines are contained in this publication for the years 1900, 1903,
and 1904. A summary of conditions was published in Bulletin No. 1, 1932, " Lode-gold Deposits
of British Columbia." Notes by R. W. Brock are contained in the Summary Report of the
Geological Survey for 1908, since which year no production has been made nor development-work
done.    Total past production is listed as follows:—
New activity was initiated in November, when a crew was put to work reconditioning the
old workings in the partially exploited ore-zone. Previously extensive sampling operations had
shown that, in view of the enhanced price of gold, there remained a substantial tonnage of
probable ore of potential value to a milling operation. Inspection of the mine-plans, combined
with an examination of the accessible workings in July, shows that there is a large block of
ground still to be explored in the area east of the shaft between Nos. 3 and 10 levels. It is
possible that the rake of the ore-body may be to the east, where the vein cuts hard slates similar
to the formation enclosing the ore-body in the upper levels. On No. 10 level, as in other parts
of the mine, much crosscutting remains to be done to test the full width of the vein, which is EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 13
generally much wider than the drift-workings. No work whatever has been done on the vein
below No. 10 and there is no known geological reason why there should not be a recurrence of
values at deeper horizons. New work done at the portal of No. 10 level includes construction
of power-house, with auxiliary mine buildings, and grading done for a proposed surface tramway
to connect this main working-adit with the building which formerly housed the cyanide plant
and which has been tentatively chosen for the mill under consideration for the combined Ymir
and Goodenough operations. The old 80-stamp mill and buildings at the No. 10 adit portal
were destroyed by fire many years ago.
This  group,  adjoining  the  Ymir property  to  the  south-west,   includes  the
Goodenough.     Gibraltar, Goodenough Fraction, and Alma Crown-granted claims, with eight
contiguous claims held by location. The Goodenough was staked in 1898.
In 1899 the Ymir Gold Mining Company took an option on the property and sunk a shaft 60
to 70 feet deep. The next record of development-work being clone is in the Report of the Minister
of Mines for 1923, since when progress has been recorded annually in this publication and in
Bulletin No. 1, 1932, " Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia." Past production consists of
crude-ore shipments to the Trail smelter, itemized as follows: 20 tons in 1898, 323 tons in 1926,
1,306 tons in 1927, 1,608 tons in 1928, 337 tons in 1929, 1,086 tons in 1930, 408 tons in 1932, and
4,263 tons in 1934. Of these, the first 20-ton shipment assayed $22 per ton; and the 4,660 tons
shipped between 1926 and 1930 contained 3,993 oz. gold, 30,283 oz. silver, and 431,091 lb. lead.
Shipments during the period under review were suspended in October pending consideration of
milling plans. Development-work includes the extension of No. 1 level easterly along the vein
towards the ground below the two surface shafts mentioned in previous reports, and the putting-
up of a raise on the vein on the No. 3 (or lowest) level. This was up 175 feet recently and
drifting was proceeding in both directions at the 100-foot intermediate level. The raise-workings
follow the foot-wall pay-streak, 3 feet wide, which was first encountered 40 feet up from
No. 3 adit.
At this mine, on the north-west side of Wild Horse creek, 7 miles by road from
Wilcox. Ymir, work was continued by D. H. Norcross, J. J. Cullinane, and associates
operating under lease from the Ymir-Wilcox Development Company. The
property comprises the Warwick, Bywater, Willcock, and Fourth of July Crown-granted claims,
with one claim held by location and a mill-site. Extended descriptions of the property are
contained in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 94 and in the Report of the Minister of Mines
for 1915. These include an outline of the history to 1914 and itemize past production, the bulk
of which was made in 1910 and 1911, when the mill was operated. Total production to 1911 is
given as 8,450 tons, valued at $86,326.44. The mine remained idle since the year 1914, when
development-work ceased, until 1930, when F. A. Hebbard, of Vallejo, California, put 500 tons of
ore through the 10-stamp mill. Work was discontinued by Hebbard in 1931. The present
operators took over the property under lease in 1932, since when work has been continuous,
except for winter shut-downs. They milled 607 tons in 1932 and 1,694 tons in 1933, from which
gold-silver bullion was produced and concentrates shipped. References to the activities specified
are contained in the Report of the Minister of Mines for the years 1930 to 1933, inclusive.
In regard to 1934 operations, 1,680 tons of ore was milled during the period between April
and December. From this 515 oz. gold and 531 oz. silver was produced and 146 dry tons of
concentrates shipped to Trail. The latter contained 135 oz. gold and 512 oz. silver, with some
lead and zinc. D. H. Norcross reports that the greater part of the season's production was
derived from a stope on the east side of the main raise between Nos. 2 and 3 levels. This stope
was started in 1933 and work revealed that the ore-shoot at this point extended much farther
east than was indicated on the No. 2 level above. In the east face of the stope the vein has
pinched against the large lamprophyre dyke which separates Nos. 1 and 2 ore-shoots. Conditions
on the east side of the dyke have not yet been determined. Stoping was also done above No. 2
level, vein-widths being so erratic as to necessitate leaving of barren ground as pillars. A new
adit started on No. 1 ore-shoot outcrop, 60 feet above and east of No. 2 adit, was run for a
distance of 140 feet, disclosing a short shoot of good-grade ore from which about 200 tons
was milled.
This Crown-granted claim, owned by A. McMillan, of Calgary, lies to the
Blackcock.       south-west of the Wilcox property, being reached by a short branch from
the same road.    No mining was done in 1934, but a survey of the old workings E 14
was made by A. H. Green Company for the owner, who reports that the property is to be opened
up again during the coming season. A description of the accessible workings and a resume of
past production is contained in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1928. A reference to
the Blackcock is contained in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 94, but some confusion
apparently occurred in identifying the boundaries of this claim, as the vein is described as
belonging to the general north-south (magnetic) trending system of veins and as occurring in
the same roof-pendant as the adjoining Sterling. The Blackcock vein, as developed by nine
workings distributed along an outcrop length of 672 feet, strikes approximately east-west and
the country-rock is granite. The roof-pendant is believed to lie west of the workings and it
would be of interest to trace the vein from the granite into the altered sedimentary rock. The
Blackcock vein is well mineralized and wider at the western end towards the roof-pendant and
gets narrow and weak as it extends farther into the granite in the opposite direction. The
lower adit, inaccessible in 1928, has been opened up.
Width Auoztolx>n\
33"      1.67        -I
0.50       If
0.16       1 ■
0.48      |
O.Od      ' :
0.19       \ i
oof *~y.i
j. ox. to ton
0 40
1 SO
1 IO
Ali ol tothe ton
--W S,   >
O.SS   ,,   ,,
0.43 t$!i
O.Z3 v   "**'
O.I 5
1.08     \
Au. /. 78
Ag. /3. 5
Cu. 13.3 %
Average 0uck sample,
About EOtons-Au.030;Ag.098
Cu. 0-92
Engine     ,/\
House /    /
5 cole
Ore occurrences shown thus £2^
B. C. Deportment of Mines.
Clubine Comstock Gold Mines.    From Company's Plans. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 15
Boulder Mill Creek.
This company's property on Boulder Mill creek now consists of nineteen claims
Clubine held on location, including the Boulder City group of eight claims under option
Comstock        to  purchase.    The  Maggie  Crown-granted  claim  is   under   lease   from  the
Gold Mines, Ltd. British Columbia Government and the Snow Slide and Snow Slide No. 1 on
Hall creek are held on location. The Boulder City group, 3 miles north of
Salmo, is described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 172 and its precise location is shown
on the accompanying Map 299a. The property is now connected by branch road, 1.5 miles in
length, with the highway near Boulder Mill Station on the Great Northern Railway. The
Boulder City group has been under development by L. R. Clubine for the above company since
1931 and references to progress of development-work are contained in Bulletin No. 1, 1932,
" Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia," and in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1932
and 1933. First appreciable production was made in 1931, when 24 tons was shipped. In 1932
shipments aggregated 174 tons, 57 tons in 1933, and 100 tons in 1934. Camp buildings include
bunk and cook house, office, garage, and blacksmith-shop. The mine plant consists of an
80-horse-power Junkers truck type Diesel engine belted to a 348-cubic-foot capacity Sullivan
compressor, together with a 35-horse-power Le Roy gasoline-engine and a 100-cubic-f oot capacity
Canadian Ingersoll-Rand compressor, all housed in one building. The transmission-line of the
West Kootenay Power and Light Company, passing along the highway to the east, is conveniently
accessible whenever the provision of electric power becomes desirable. Operations were handicapped due to the necessity of sending to Germany for new parts for the Junkers engine, work
latterly having been carried on by hand. The accompanying illustration shows the present
extent of the workings, stoped areas, and assays in ore-shoot areas. The newly opened-up
mineralization on No. 5 level differs in character from that exposed in the upper levels in this
respect: that, whereas the mineralization in the latter is largely oxidized down to the No. 4 adit,
there is practically no oxidation in evidence on the bottom level. Here the quartz contains
chalcopyrite, pyrite, and pyrrhotite, with occasional specks of galena and sphalerite. The gold
content in the primary mineralization appears to vary directly with the proportion of sulphides
present, the best values being where the quartz contains a mixture of the different sulphides.
A more extended programme of development is under consideration to include extension of
No. 5 adit to the north-west, raising in the ore-shoot from No. 5 to No. 4 level, and sinking a
winze below No. 5. • „
Sheep Creek Camp.
The writer's notes on the properties specified hereinafter are intended to be read in conjunction with Memoir 172, Geological Survey of Canada, which forms the basis for a proper
understanding of geological and economic conditions of the camp and which includes information
concerning past production and historical data. Map 299a, accompanying Memoir 172, shows
the precise location of the properties. Several of the mines using water-power were severely
handicapped during the phenomenally dry summer months, but adequate and dependable power
is now assured through the extension of the West Kootenay Power and Light Company's
transmission-line from Ymir to Sheep creek via Salmo. Branch connections have been made
with the Reno, Gold Belt, Kootenay Belle, and Queen mines.
Progress of this company's operations is recorded in the Reports of the Minister
Reno of Mines for the years 1928 to 1933, inclusive, and in Bulletin No. 1, 1932,
Gold Mines, Ltd. " Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia."    Total production from 1928 to
1934, inclusive, amounts to 49,100 oz. gold and 24,700 oz. silver. During 1934
development-work and production were curtailed during the late summer and fall owing to the
unusually low-water conditions. Production, therefore, fell below expectations. Since the mine
and mill were supplied with full power requirements in November the full scope of the operation
has been vigorously resumed. In December production amounted to 1,993 oz. gold and 896 oz.
silver. The output for the year was 16,000 oz. gold and 8,700 oz. silver, 26,895 tons being treated
in the mill in 279 days' run. Development totalled 3,115 feet. The major feature to report is
the sinking of the shaft to a point 515 feet below No. 5 level, the lowest station being established
at 475 feet. Development-work from the shaft has advanced on Nos. 7 and 8 levels, and some
ore was encountered at both vein intersections which are in between the two main ore-bodies
and below ground in which the vein was not productive on No. 6 level. Additional development
will be necessary to determine the extent and character of the new ore occurrences on the lower E 16
levels in the shaft. Crosscutting to the vein on No. 9 level is to be started shortly. According
to data supplied by the management in November the eastern ore-shoot on No. 6 level was
236 feet long, 2.5 feet wide, assaying a little over 1 oz. gold per ton; and the western ore-shoot
on the same level was 299 feet long, 2.78 feet wide, assaying 1.62 oz. gold per ton. Ore reserves,
estimated by the management on a basis of blocked out and probable ore, were from 40,000 to
50,000 tons of 0.7 oz. gold per ton. The mill has been gradually stepped up to 100 tons a day
and over, but 3,000 tons a month is expected to be maintained. At the end of August the
management was taken over by W. R. Lindsay on the retirement of I. M. Marshall.
Summit 7100'Elev.
Scale. \
B.C.Department of Mines
Eeno Mine.    Longitudinal Section—looking North.
The following notes report progress at this company's property during 1934.
Gold Belt Mining It is described in the Reports of the Minister of Mines for 1932 and 1933.
Co., Ltd. During the period under review development-work was continued chiefly on
the 200-foot level, from which seven car-loads of ore, aggregating 291 tons,
was shipped between June and December. During the period of water-power shortage, when
the Reno plant was unable to supply current to the company, work was carried on with a
230-cubic-foot portable gas-compressor. Since commercial power became available towards the
end of the year the full scope of development operations has been resumed. A progress report
and r£sum6 of conditions on the 200-foot level of the Gold Belt is as follows: The workings
from the crosscut, started at 5,389 feet elevation on the Clyde, extend into the Bruce Fraction,
Sunbeam Fraction, and Double Joint claim. The crosscut, driven north 23 degrees west for
535 feet, is then continued for 790 feet along a course of north 25 degrees east, the face being
at the time of writing 1,325 feet in from the portal. The relative position of the various veins
and fissures, and amount of drifting done on them, on the 200-foot level is detailed in the
appended list:—
Portal of
Drifting done.
" D "           	
" C "          	
" F "	
" G "	
"A "	
feet below outcrop. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 17
On " C " vein the raise, situated in the west drift 75 feet from the crosscut, was continued
to the surface, 220 feet above the 200-foot level at this point, and drifting was done on the
50-, 90-, and 120-foot levels measured down from the top. Along the outcrop the ore-shoot is
155 feet long. Stoping has been done for this length between the surface and the 50-foot level,
where drifts extend 105 feet to the east and 71 feet to the west. Drifts started at the 90-foot
level are in 28 feet to the east and 20 feet to the west. On the 120-foot level drifts extend 284
feet to the east and 22 feet to the west. In the eastern working the first 30 feet from the raise
is in a fault-zone, from 30 to 50 feet ore has been stoped, and from this point to the face spots
of high grade, which will be mined for shipment, occur in the quartz. In the 200-foot level east
drift commercial mineralization is restricted to the section 40 feet long adjoining the crosscut.
In the west drift, where the vein is followed 75 feet to the schist-contact, the quartz is low grade.
In " D " vein high-grade sulphide ore 4 to 15 inches wide was opened up in sections on both
sides of the crosscut. Measured in feet from the crosscut, stoping has been started in the east
drift from 10 to 80, 110 to 225, and 280 to 320. Measured in feet from the crosscut, ore in the
west drift extends along sections 15 to 75 and 265 to 302. Stoping on " C " and " D " veins
for shipment has been selective, the average width of ore mined being 8 inches. Shipments from
above the 200-foot level were as follows:—
Dry Weight (Pounds).
Gold Assay.
From " D " Vein. From " C " Vein. Oz. per Ton.
91,198   4.155
  89,019 1.456
97,773 1.47
  94,144 1.6375
46,125 16,000 2.021
67,782   2.0755
  80,000 1.714
The " A " vein, a well-defined fissure exposed in open-cuts along the outcrop 400 feet above
the crosscut, is now being drifted on to the east to test it in the quartzite. It was intersected
by the crosscut in a schist-zone. During the summer surface prospecting located the " E "
fissure, which is believed by the management to be the western extension of the Nugget vein.
Eventually the 200-foot level crosscut may be extended to cut this also. The 600-foot level
crosscut, at an elevation of 4,943 feet, is driven north 28 degrees west for 1,381 feet, converging
towards the 200-foot level crosscut. Where both adits cut " C " vein they are 130 feet apart
horizontally. The deep adit was extended to eut the " C " vein, on which drifting was done for
28 feet to the east and 60 feet to the w-est. Bunches of ore occur here in a broken section of
the vein. Drifting was also done on the " D " vein for 129 feet to the east and 197 feet to
the west, exposing streaks of quartz in crushed material, the country-rock consisting of thin-
bedded schists, and on the Bruce for 186 feet east and 166 feet west. Future plans include
the putting-up of a raise on " D " vein, from a point in the west drift 140 feet from the main
crosscut, to the 200-foot level. This will explore " D " vein below the ore-body being stoped and
provide an outlet for the ore from the upper levels. Installation of a pilot-mill of 50-ton
capacity is under consideration as part of the development programme and to test the milling
competency of the veins, such as the " C " and " D," where dilution will necessarily occur to
get a stoping-width. The veins approximate a vertical position permitting narrow stoping.
Tentative plans include an aerial tram 6,000 feet in length to connect with a proposed mill-
site adjoining the Sheep Creek road near Hansen's at the junction of the Reno mine road.
M. O'Donnell is mine foreman and H. Lakes manager.
This company's Queen and Vancouver properties were described in Geological
Sheep Creek     Survey  of Canada  Memoir  172.    This includes the number and names of
Gold Mines, Ltd. claims, the precise location of the constituent sections of the property, type
of deposit, character of mineralization, outline of the history, description of
accessible workings, and past production (to 1928). Since this date minor activities occurred
at intervals, as mentioned in the Report of the Minister of Mines for the years 1929 to 1933,
inclusive, but no important production was made. E 18
The present company took over in September, 1933, since when important progress has been
made toward the re-establishment of the Queen mine as a commercial producer. Unwatering
of the Queen lower workings was finished late in February, 1934, and the mine was then cleaned
up sufficiently for a thorough inspection. Air-lines were put in and about 1,000 feet of diamond-
drilling was done, most of this footage being located to prospect the central part of the vein
below No. 5 level in an area as yet unproductive. Active development-work was started early
in May, the main point of attack being on No. 7 level east. At that time the face of this drift
was on the vein, but it was not of commercial grade. Values began to show at a point 40 feet
beyond the original face and continued for a length of 360 feet. This section was sampled by
the management both by daily muck samples and moiled samples, at 5-foot intervals. The latter
averaged 0.63 oz. gold per ton over drift-widths. A raise put up from the old stope west of the
new section of drift indicated by exposure on three sides a block of ore of a mining grade of
0.40 oz. gold per ton. In computing this average, allowance was made for 20 per cent, dilution.
In estimating ore reserves 50 feet of depth below the No. 7 east drift was assumed, giving
B. C. Department of Mir ts.
Queen Mine.    Longitudinal Section—looking North.    From Company's Plans.
values of 0.51 oz. gold per ton, allowing the same ratio of dilution as above this level. Two
crosscuts in the eastern ore-zone at this horizon show a zone of parallel fracturing up to 45 feet
wide. The partially blocked-out ore, referred to previously, lies mainly along the northern wall
of the fractured zone. The southern side of the zone carries some values, as in the crosscuts
which expose 4-foot widths of 0.25 oz. gold per ton. Next to this south wall below No. 6 level,
a diamond-drill hole showed a 1.5-foot width as-saying 1.16 oz. gold per ton. However, the
mineralization along the southern wall considered as possible ore has not been taken into consideration in tonnage figures. Ore reserves indicated by new exposures, together with the
blocks of stoping-ground left in the mine, are estimated by the management to assay 0.42 oz.
gold per ton. The accompanying section shows the areas estimated by the management as
reasonably assured ore. Blocks A, B, C, and D consist of ore partially developed and not mined
for the reasons hereinafter stated. Block A is estimated to be 0.55-oz. grade. An attempt was
made to mine this section by previous operators, but, where stoped, a width of about 11 feet was
taken, whereas the actual width of the vein is from 1 to 2.5 feet. The dilution was therefore
too great for profitable mining. Excessive dilution also occurrred in the case of Block B,
estimated to be 0.61-oz. grade, where the vein is 3 feet wide and a stope-width of 15 feet was
carried where mined.   In the case of Block C, estimated to be of 0.30-oz. grade, this is marginal EASTERN DISTRICT   (No. 5). E 19
ore, the grade of which being tentative owing to the impossibility of sampling this area thoroughly
without incurring considerable expense. Block D is estimated to be 0.21-oz. grade. Here a very
soft foot-wall brought the mining-width up to 15 feet, thus reducing the grade below commercial
limits. Summarizing these tonnage flgures, Blocks A, B, C, and D in the old section of the
mine are estimated to contain 0.34-oz. grade gold per ton and new ore indicated by Blocks E, F,
and G to contain 0.46-oz. gold per ton. These combined average 0.42 oz. gold per ton. In the
old workings, shown on the accompanying illustration, there were two major ore-shoots.
The west shoot was mined down to a fault, but in the former work was not picked up below
and west of this fault. Recent work at the western end of No. 7 level, totalling 115 feet,
consisted of the extension of the west drift underneath the fault and crosscutting to the northwest in the direction of the throw as indicated by the geological evidence. This work disclosed
the vein, which was drifted on for 69 feet to the west, but values here were below commercial
grade. The new section of vein exposed, averaging 5.3 feet in width, is stated to lie on the
northern side of a well-deAned vein 10 to 15 feet in width. Drifting is proceeding with a view
to locating ore in the faulted area on this level. Underground development, handicapped by
shortage of power during the summer, has been speeded- up since commercial power was secured
from the West Kootenay Power and Light Company. The major feature of the new work is
the 2%-compartment vertical raise being driven to the surface from No. 7 level, which will
become the main working-shaft of the mine. After connection is made with the surface this
shaft will be sunk Arst to open up the proposed No. 8 level 150 feet below No. 7. Camp buildings
have been improved, assay office, steel and machine shop were erected, and an Ingersoll-Rand
1,050-cubic-foot compressor provided. This is being driven by a 177-horse-power motor. The
new 150-ton mill, for which the foundations and building are completed, is conveniently situated
to the location of the collar of the new shaft. Bulk samples for mill tests were sent to the
Department of Mines at Ottawa and to the General Engineering Company at Salt Lake City.
Straight cyanidation indicating an extraction of 97 per cent, was decided upon. The flow-sheet,
designed by the company mentioned, calls for a separate coarse-crushing plant connected by
conveyor-belt with the fine-crushing section and tank-room. Machinery for the mill will be put
in by degrees.
Some new work has also been done by the present operators on the Yellowstone, Alexandra,
and Vancouver veins. In the case of the first mentioned, developed by three adits with a total
combined footage of drifting and crosscutting of 2,030 feet, two short diamond-drill holes were
put in. On the Alexandra vein, developed by three adits with a total footage of 1,545 feet,
235 feet of new work done in the lowest level did not disclose minable widths of ore. On the
Vancouver vein, opened up by two adits totalling 300 feet, a new lower adit started 250 feet
below the second level was advanced 275 feet in low-grade vein material. The favourable
formation, however, has not yet been reached.    H. E. Doelle is in charge of operations.
The accompanying illustration shows progress of development-work since the
Kootenay Belle property was fully described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 172.
Gold Mines, Ltd. During 1934 exploration was continued chiefly on No. 2 level, where new
sections of ore were opened up on Nos. 1 and 2 fissures, respectively known
as " A " and " B " veins. Prior to the recent installation of the mill, stoping by the company
has been of a selective nature to obtain shipping-ore, of which 824 dry tons was shipped in 1934
up to October 13th. " A " vein, in which ore-widths vary from a few inches to 2y2 feet, has
been generally high grade as compared with the wide '"B " vein, which, except in a few places
where pay-streaks occurred, was low grade. In this connection good milling values in " B "
vein on No. 2 level, over widths up to 10 feet, were recently reported. As, in the case of " A "
vein more especially, dilution may have an important bearing on what will constitute milling-ore,
and values fluctuate in short spaces laterally and vertically, ore reserves are difficult to estimate
with exactitude. Geological boundaries are shown approximately on the plan. Ore occurrences,
as summarily described hereinafter, are taken from the assay-plans supplied by the management
in November, since when new ore disclosures are reported. The ore previously mined has
chiefly been oxidized, but sulphides have recently appeared on No. 2 level in both " A" and
" B " veins, where the quartz content contains pyrite accompanied in places with galena and
sphalerite. On the " A " vein, No. 1 level east drift, sampling shows the possible extension to
the east up to 100 feet of the stope situated above the adit-crosscut vein intersection.   This stope, E 20 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
of irregular outline, is 70 feet long at the outcrop, with a maximum length of 85 feet midway
between the surface and No. 1 level drift, where it was mined for a length of 40 feet. Connecting
with this main stope by sub-level, 80 feet long, driven to the east from a point 75 feet above
No. 1 level, there is a small stope extending to the surface. It is below this ground that
sampling shows milling values on the level below. Going easterly along the No. 1 level drift,
there is a length of 95 feet in which eight samples average 7.15 oz. gold per ton over 11.5 inches.
This ore is opposite the intersection of " A " and " B " veins, 65 feet of the ore-body lying west
of the junction and 35 feet to the east. " B " vein, going south-westerly from the intersection,
shows a length of 25 feet which averages 0.57 oz. gold per ton over 27.3 inches. The north-east
end of this showing goes into the southern wall of the working for a short distance to the actual
point where the veins unite. Going south-westerly along " B " vein drift, sampling shows
scattered values, mostly low grade, to the western extremity beyond the adit-crosscut. The
possible downward extension of the ore-shoot, selectively mined above the crosscut-" B " vein
intersection and described in Memoir 172, is indicated on the No. 1 level drift, where samples
show mineralization over a length of 30 feet and widths from 51 to 99 inches, values of interest
being confined to the hanging-wall pay-streak 4 to 12 inches wide (six samples average 0.885 oz.
across 9.2 inches). The quartz and quartzite on the foot-wall side assays from 0.04 to 0.10 oz.
per ton. These samples are just west of the crosscut; 25 feet to the east there is a winze in
which ore is reported to have been exposed.
On No. 2 level, 195 feet vertically below No. 1, ore developments are briefly as follows:
The 201 stope, immediately below the previously described " A " vein stope on No. 1 level, is
90 feet long, having reached a height of 125 feet, leaving 70 feet of backs to the adit above.
A drift run 25 feet to the west from the top of the 201 stope opened up exceptionally high-grade
oxidized ore over widths from 6 to 12 inches, indicating increased length to the ore-shoot in
this vicinity. In the adit below 201 stope sampling over a length of 50 feet averages 1.64 oz.
per ton across 13.1 inches. The western stope, situated above and just west of the adit-crosscut
intersection, was carried through to connect with the old working stoped underhand from the
surface. It has been mined for a length of 55 feet along the No. 2 adit drift and above this
level increases to 65 feet in length. Below this, and immediately west of the main crosscut,
ore is exposed in a shallow underhand stope 35 feet long, which averages 7.5 oz. gold per ton
across 7.22 inches. Measured in feet from the crosscut along " A " vein west drift, this underhand stope extends to 35. From 35 to 115 the pay-streak averages 1.36 oz. across 5.6 inches.
From here to the face the main drift follows the northern of two fractures on which sampling
from 190 to 235 averages 2.23 oz. across a pay-streak 2.8 inches wide. Sampling at two points
of the adjoining hanging and foot wall gives assays of 0.39 and 0.66 across widths of 24 inches
in each ease. From here to the face at 267 values are very low. At 195 a 30-foot crosscut
extends southerly to cut the other fracture which was drifted on westerly for 53 feet, the vein
here being tight and values poor. Going easterly along " A " vein drift, measured in feet from
the crosscut, the vein is picked up beyond 201 stope at 218 on the other side of the section of
broken ground. From this point to 343 samples show low average gold content, the better values
being confined to narrow streaks. From 401 to 498, on the foot-wall side, values average 0.64 oz.
across 16 inches. On the hanging-wall side, where a spur or cross vein strikes easterly towards
" B " vein, five samples between 413 and 437 average 1.04 oz. across 11.8 inches. At 466 another
sample, taken where the working is widened to expose the easterly-striking split, assayed 2.53 oz.
across 10 inches. In the main drift from 558 to 607 values are 1.06 oz. across 9.5 inches. This
last section is opposite the intersection of " A " and " B " veins. From 664 to 674 three samples
average 1.24 oz. across 16 inches, the last point mentioned being 29 feet from the face of the " A "
vein east drift. Going south-westerly along " B " vein drift from point 584, where the two veins
unite, for a length of 25 feet samples average 0.46 oz. across 31 inches. At points 49 and 69
feet from point 584 two samples assayed respectively 0.79 oz. across 40 inches and 1.27 across
35 inches. The last sample is where the cross-fracture previously mentioned at point 566
apparently strikes " B " vein. The next point of interest continuing south-westerly along " B "
vein drift is where milling values extend from points 108 to 143 feet from 584. Recent work
here is said to have exposed 5 feet of ore assaying 0.40 oz. per ton in another area of cross-
fracturing. In the section 290 feet long between this shoot and the adit-crosscut there are
two mineralized sections, 50 and 30 feet long respectively.   In the case of the last mentioned, EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 21 extending easterly from the crosscut, samples average 0.72 oz. across 8.2 inches. The other
section, from 160 to 218 feet easterly from the crosscut, is very low grade where exposed.
Westerly along " B " vein drift, just beyond the crosscut, three samples in a length of 20 feet
average 2.12 oz. across 9.7 inches. Towards the end of this working, where " B " vein is picked
up again beyond the broken ground and drifted on 20 feet easterly, samples average 0.98 oz.
across 21.6 inches. These are exclusive of good values found in places on the hanging- and
foot-wall side of the samples given. Beyond this section of ore to the west face vein-widths
are narrow and average values low. Installation of the new Hardinge-Hadsel mill was completed
towards the end of November. Individual motors are supplied for the different machines.
The rated capacity is from 50 to 60 tons working three shifts. From the 300-ton bin the ore,
up to 8-inch size, is fed to the Hadsel mill, the outside dimensions of which are 16 by 7.5 feet.
The crushed ore passes through three Montezuma gold-traps (from which the gold goes to an
amalgam-barrel) to the Hardinge spiral classifier, the coarse material being returned to the
Hadsel mill and the fines going to two 3- by 6-foot blanket-tables, from which gold goes to
amalgamation and the fines to four Union Iron Works pattern flotation-cells. The concentrates,
going to three 8- by 4- by 4-foot settling-tanks equipped with sucker units, will be shipped to the
smelter. The tailings from the flotation unit are finally treated on a 3- by 6-foot blanket-table,
from which gold goes to amalgamation and the tailings into the creek. According to the management, 588 tons was crushed in twenty-one days' operation in December, or 28 tons per day
working two shifts. During most of that period flotation tests were being made concurrently
with adjustment of the plant. Commercial power supplied by the West Kootenay Power and
Light Company is in use for the mill and replaces the Diesel engines for driving the compressors.
New additions to the camp buildings included a bunk:house at the mine and accommodation at
the mill-site. F. M. Black is managing director, W. ,G. Norrie-Loewenthal consulting engineer,
with Frank Phillips in charge at the mine. J. P. MacFadden has been appointed as resident
At this company's Aspen property, near the head of the creek similarly named,
Salmo-Malartic   exploratory work was resumed in 1933 and continued throughout 1934, P. F.
Mines, Ltd.      Horton being in charge, with H. C. Boydell, of Toronto, acting in a consulting
capacity. The latter represents the Arntfield Mining Syndicate, which is
financing the work. Essential information, which includes the economic geology of the Aspen
and other silver-lead-zinc deposits in the Pend d'Oreille limestone-belt, is contained in Geological
Survey of Canada Memoir 172, in conjunction with which the present notes are intended to be
read. The property was visited by the writer in June, to which time work had been concentrated
at the northern end of the workings.
Progress of development is taken from the survey by A. H. Green Company, made available
by the mine management. The most northerly working, an adit at 4,724.5 feet elevation, has
been extended south-easterly along the limestone and is now 435 feet in from the portal. A raise
at the face connects with the working driven north-westerly along the same limestone-band from
the crosscut at 4,770 feet elevation (portal). Since this working was described by Walker as
the " adit below No. 1 " in the publication referred to, the north-western branch, then in 110 feet,
has been extended and is now 370 feet in from the main crosscut to the previously mentioned
raise connection. This raise continues to the surface at 4,835.8 feet elevation. For a combined
length of 500 feet on the two levels separated by the raise low-grade zinc mineralization is in
evidence, the associated minerals being pyrite, pyrrhotite, and sphalerite, with occasional specks
of galena. Since the writer inspected this new development, work has been resumed in the
" B " inclined shaft, the collar of which, at an elevation of 4,800 feet, is 340 feet south-east of
the portal of the crosscut previously mentioned. " B " shaft, down 225 feet according to the
management, dips to the north-east, being headed for the face of the 130-foot north-west branch
of the "B" crosscut (portal elevation 4,635 feet) previously described as the "long adit."
The flat dip of the shaft, however, is expected to put it over the top of the adit which is being
approached and with which connection will be made. " B " shaft is sunk on the limestone-band
in line with the light sphalerite mineralization mentioned by Walker as being noted at a point
285 feet in from the portal of the long adit. No further work has been done in the " H " tunnel,
situated to the south at elevation 4,536 feet, or other workings of the property. In September
18.28 dry tons of silver ore, containing small percentages of lead and zinc, was shipped from the
" B " shaft and adjoining outcrop.     V EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 23
Erie Creek Section.
This mine, situated on Erie creek, 13 miles from Erie, is owned by the Relief-
Second Relief.   Arlington Mines, Limited, the control of which was acquired in the spring
by the Premier Gold Mining Company. The Report of the Minister of Mines
for 1933 contains an extended description of the property, with vertical projection, when it was
being operated by W. G. Norrie-Loewenthal, representing the controlling interest then held by
the W. N. O'Neil Company, of Vancouver. Other references to the Second Relief in the same
publication include those for the years 1904, 1915, 1927 to 1930, inclusive, and Bulletin No. 1,
1932, " Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia." These record the history and past production.
Since the Premier Gold Mining Company took over the operation in June development has been
vigorously prosecuted, though at first handicapped for power by low-water conditions and
subsequent interruptions through forest fire and snowslides. In November the new 60,000-volt
power-line, 7.5 miles in length from Porto Rieo Siding to the mine, was completed by the West
Kootenay Power and Light Company. A step-down station to 480 volts was erected close to
the mill building. New buildings erected include those to accommodate a crew of up to 100
men, with three residences for the staff. New equipment installed for the mine includes a
Canadian Ingersoil-Rand angle compound compressor of 1,430-cubic-foot capacity (at an altitude
of 4,000 feet), driven by a 250-horse-power synchronous motor. Electric motors now drive the
mill units. In spite of the difficulties encountered a substantial amount of underground work
was accomplished, consisting of 1,868 feet of drifting and crosscutting, with 102 feet of raising.
In No. 5 level a shaft-station was cut, hoist installed, and a start made on sinking. Drifting
done included the continuation of Nos. 3 and 5 levels into Ida D. ground, previous work having
been stopped at the boundary of this claim, the outstanding interest in which was acquired when
the Premier organization took over. In the new drifting on No. 5 level an ore-shoot was opened
up having a length of 200 feet and a width of 3 feet, the average assay being 0.99 oz. gold
per ton. Stoping has been started in this section, which is in virgin ground, 700 feet below
the surface. The 2-compartment vertical winze will first be sunk to a depth of 180 feet and
a drift under the ore-zone will be made at the 150-foot level. Milling has been conducted on
a basis of 40 tons a day, the average grade of the ore for the year being about 0.6 oz. gold
per ton. Mill practice has been simplified by realignment, which eliminates the shaking screen,
one concentrating-table, the Drag classifier, and the amalgam-barrel. No direct gold-recovery
is now made, the recovered values all being in the concentrates which, since the latter end of
June, have been going to the Tacoma smelter. In addition to its function of producing revenue,
the mill has been run more or less experimentally to determine the appropriate flow-sheet to
use in the event of mine-development warranting a larger mill. S. M. Manning, of the Premier
organization, is in charge.
Pend n'OREiLLE River Area.
This group of eight claims is owned by W. H. Miller, W. J. Hale, and
You and Me. G. Maitland, of Salmo. The property lies along the ridge half a mile to
the west of Tillicum (15-Mile) creek and a few hundred feet above the road
which branches off the Pend d'Oreille River road to Limpid (16-Mile) creek. The area is shown
on Geological Survey of Canada Map 299a, Salmo Sheet. The workings seen are on an open
side-hill of from medium to fairly steep slope. The deposits consist of quartz-bands and
silicified rock formed along a zone of shearing in greenstone of the Beaver Mountain-Rossland
group. The strike, looking uphill, varies from north to north 20 degrees west and north 15
degrees east, the dip being steep to the west. Mineralization in the quartz and altered wall-
rock consists of disseminated pyrite with occasional galena and sphalerite, economic values
being in gold and silver. The claims are recent locations following prospecting by the owners.
When visited late in the fall work done at this point consisted of four surface workings within
a length of a few hundred feet. Numbering from the northern (or upper) end and going south,
these are as follows: Nos. 1 and 2 are shallow cuts in which the outcrop is not well exposed;
Nos. 3 and 4 are closely spaced, comparatively large excavations. In No. 3 working there is a
width of 22 inches of iron-stained quartz on the hanging-wall side which assayed: Gold, 0.10 oz.
per ton; silver, 2 oz. per ton. Adjoining this to the foot-wall side there is from 6 to 8 feet
of quartz and silicified rock containing light pyrite mineralization. A sample across 8 feet in
the floor of this working assayed a trace in gold and silver.   At No. 4 surface working, where E- 24 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
an adit has been started since the writer's inspection, the mineralized zone is 6 feet wide, of
which 10 inches of rusty quartz on the hanging-wall side assayed: Gold, 0.20 oz. per ton; silver,
2 oz. per ton. The adjoining 4 feet, consisting of scattered quartz stringers mineralized with
pyrite, a little galena and sphalerite, was not sampled. Selected sulphide ore from this place
assayed: Gold, 0.40 oz. per ton; silver, 4 oz. per ton; copper, nil; lead, 4 per cent.; zinc,
2 per cent. Substantially better values in gold are reported to have been encountered during
recent work.
This group, owned by the recently incorporated Bunker Hill (Waneta) Mines,
Bunker Hill. Limited, consists of the Bunker Hill and Mormon Girl Crown-granted claims,
with fourteen adjoining claims held by location. The property is on the
eastern side of Limpid (16-Mile) creek, a tributary of the Pend d'Oreille river from the northeast. Its exact location is shown on Geological Survey of Canada Map 299a. A branch road
following Limpid creek connects the new lower camp, at the foot of the trail to the workings,
with the Pend d'Oreille River road. The latter is approached either from the Nelson-Spokane
highway to the east or from Trail to the west. The early history of the Bunker Hill and
conditions existing there before new activity was initiated in 1933 by the Bunker Hill Gold
Mines, Limited, a private company, are described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 172,
and the 1933 work is referred to in the Report of the Minister of Mines for that year.
The rocks underlying the area are mapped as belonging to the Reno formation. In the
vicinity of the explored area they consist principally of impure quartzite, with occasional thin
bands of argillite. An intrusion of granite is exposed above and to the east of the underground
workings. Recent investigations have disclosed the presence of easterly-striking quartz-filled
fissures cutting across the quartzitie rocks in addition to the north-easterly-striking veins referred
to in previous reports. All dips are to the south-east or south at angles from 35 to 45 degrees.
The formation has been intruded by lamprophyric and aplitic dykes which cut some of the veins.
Gold values are associated with pyrite, which occurs disseminated through the quartz. The
operation of the old 10-stamp mill erected in 1900 is reported to have been of very short duration
as the ore was not amenable to straight amalgamation, the gold values being chiefly associated
with pyrite. There is no record of any production having been made prior to 1933, when 50 tons
of ore was shipped. The 1934 shipments totalled 91 tons. Since 1933 the old workings were
cleaned out and a considerable amount of prospecting-work has been done, chiefly on the surface.
The accompanying illustration shows the extent and relative position of the workings from the
survey made in October by P. S. Barratt, assistant to A. G. Langley. No. 1 adit, not previously
accessible, follows a curving course, ore having been stoped in former years for a length of
about 130 feet. Part of this stope has caved from the surface. Beyond the stope the vein is
lost and the working meanders into the hill for 257 feet. In No. 2 adit, 62 feet in elevation
below the upper working, ore has been stoped underhand for a width of about 4 feet, a length
of 16 feet, and to a depth of 15 feet below the level. The ore extracted was roughly sorted,
sacked, and hauled to the Trail smelter by motor-truck. The several lots aggregating 91 tons,
shipped from this stope in 1934, contained 57 oz. gold and 40 oz. silver. The continuation of
this vein westerly down the hill has been sought by deep trenching to bed-rock through the heavy
mantle of overburden. In some of the trenches gold values, associated with broken ledge-matter,
are present, but the vein has not been sufficiently exposed to determine its true character at
these points. Sampling in No. 2 adit for a length of 50 feet east of the fault averaged 0.37 oz.
gold per ton across 4 feet. Several other veins are indicated in trenching on the side-hill above
the underground workings, one of which is in granite. Prospecting-work on these has not
reached the stage where they can be described in detail. It is considered possible that strong
quartz-exposures, about 100 feet to the north of and above No. 1 adit, may have some relation
to the main vein system. The presence of an ore-body is definitely indicated by the work so
far accomplished; just how big an ore-body can only be proven by further development. The
formations in the vicinity of the workings are considerably disturbed. To the west, or down
the hill, conditions will possibly be more regular.
The usual seasonal activities occurred: In the Pend d'Oreille River area on and near the
mouth of the Salmo river;   on Rover and Forty-nine creeks West of Nelson;  and on Hall creek EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).
E 25
south of Nelson.   On Forty-nine creek a small crew was employed for a period by the Black
Watch Syndicate, of Edmonton.    No developments of importance are reported.
Kootenay Lake Area.
This group, owned by the Bayonne Gold Mines, Limited, consists of the
Bayonne. following ten Crown-granted claims: Ohio, Columbus, Bayonne, Oxford,
Virginia, New Jersey, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and Illinois. An option
has been acquired by A. C. Frost, of Seattle, and preliminary work done includes construction
of 13 miles of caterpillar-tractor road. The property is situated at the head of Bayonne creek
(North fork of Summit), a tributary of Summit creek which flows easterly into the Kootenay
river, joining the latter stream south of Kootenay Landing. The present means of access is
by the recently completed road, 23 miles in length, extending to the camp from Tyee Siding on
the Canadian Pacific Railway between Procter and Kootenay Landing. From this point the
road follows Cultus creek for 6 miles, over which section trucks are used; then continues
southerly over a low divide for 8.5 miles to Next (Canyon) creek, which is followed for 3.5 miles;
thence easterly for 5 miles to the mine camp at 6,300 feet elevation. The section from Cultus
creek to the Bayonne is a caterpillar-tractor road. The claims cover gently sloping, well-
timbered, summit country, being located towards the southern extremity of the Bayonne batholith, which is related to the Nelson batholith, and consists of granitic rocks several hundred
square miles in extent lying for the most part along and west of Kootenay Lake. The main
vein system consists of a series of fissures cutting the granodiorite in a direction north 60 to
85 degrees and dipping at from 80 to 85 degrees to the south. The vein-filling is quartz and
altered granite, the ore-minerals being chiefly pyrite with occasional galena and sphalerite.
In the oxidized portions of the veins the pyrite, with which gold values are chiefly associated,
is largely altered to limonite. Conditions are described and the history of the property recorded
in the Reports of the Minister of Mines for the years 1904, 1915, 1929, and 1930, and in Bulletin
No. 1, 1932, " Lode-gold Deposits of British Columbia." The main system of Assuring includes
two parallel veins, of which only one has been developed underground. A characteristic feature
of the veins is their persistency along the strike. On the surface, as at many points underground, the sulphide minerals are oxidized and the included or adjoining country-rock stained
with iron oxide. Thirty or more open-cuts trace what is apparently the same (or south) vein
for a length of 3,500 feet up the hillside, which slopes gently at about 9 degrees. In almost every
case these expose a strong quartz vein consisting in some of the cuts of a foot- and hanging-wall
band of quartz, with decomposed country-rock between. The other vein, 300 feet to the north,
has been trenched for a considerable distance along the outcrop, the superficial workings having
caved in.    All the trenches indicate that this vein was located.
The present notes deal with the economic data not previously published. The underground
workings on the south vein consist of three adit-levels known from east to west as the Bayonne,
Ohio, and Virgina adits, at relative elevations of 6,915, 6,395, and 6,240 feet above sea-level.
The Bayonne adit, temporarily inaccessible when visited by the writer, is described by Galloway
in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1915 as being about 500 feet in length. In all cases
assays given are based on several independent sampling operations. The enriched oxidized
surface mineralization is not included in the sampling. The Bayonne adit develops one ore-shoot
160 feet long, on which a raise extends 37 feet to the surface and a winze is sunk 23 feet.
The average assay of this ore-body is 1.02 oz. gold per ton across 3.8 feet. Two samples taken
across 3 feet of quartz at the bottom of the winze assayed: Gold, 7.20 oz. per ton ; silver, 0.9 oz.
per ton; lead, 1.6 per cent.; copper, nil; and: Gold, 0.80 oz. per ton; silver, 0.7 oz. per ton;
lead, 1.6 per cent.; copper, nil. The Ohio adit does not develop the ground below the Bayonne
level, the two portals being about 2,100 feet horizontally apart. In this working the vein has
been followed- for 1,400 feet. Measured in feet from the portal, three ore-shoots are developed
between'points 200 to 370, 420 to 450, and 850 to 960. At 360 the Arst mentioned, 170 feet long,
is further developed by a raise 70 feet to the surface. Average values in this shoot are 1.05 oz.
gold per ton over 2.6 feet. The second ore-shoot, 30 feet long, averages 0.61 oz. gold per ton
across 2.9 feet. The third ore-shoot averages 0.36 oz. gold per ton across 3.6 feet as sampled
along the working. One hundred and ten feet above the level the raise passes out of the ore
which rakes to the east.   Throughout the 110-foot section in the raise the ore averages 0.525 oz. EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 27
gold per ton across 3.4 feet. The Virginia adit starts as a crosscut for 350 feet, from which
point the vein is followed for 650 feet to the face. It extends 400 feet below the Ohio adit.
Results here are indeAnite, the mineralization being narrow and confined to short lengths. It is
considered possible that this adit is not driven along the main vein and may follow a parallel
minor fracture, some crosscutting being necessary to clear up this point. A 30-foot length of
rich mineralization, but of too narrow width to mine, is exposed in this level at a point below
the ground near the portal of the 07iio adit. The road extension was completed late in November
and mine-development has been postponed until the spring. W. S. Harris is in charge of the
new undertaking.
Near Kitchener.
This property comprises seven claims, none of which is Crown-granted, on the
Sullivan. southern side of the Goat River valley, 2.5 miles west of Kitchener.    The
workings are on the southern side of the highway and Canadian Pacific
Railway tracks and 600 feet in elevation above them. The claims, formerly owned by the late
J. A. Sullivan, were relocated in 1934 on behalf of W. C. Conn, of Vancouver, and associates,
who installed a portable gas-compressor and carried on development-work for a short period
during the summer. No appreciable change has occurred since this prospect was described by
Langley in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1919. In addition to the main vein mentioned,
there is a series of similar fissures cutting the hornblende diorite, quartz being developed in
them in places. Pyrite and chalcopyrite occur occasionally disseminated through the quartz.
Samples taken by Langley and the writer failed to show appreciable gold or silver values
associated with the small percentage of copper present at selected points. The country-rock
is believed to be part of a sill, the rocks of the area being mapped by S. J. Schofield, Geological
Survey of Canada Map 147a, as the Aldridge formation.
The  property  with  which  this company  is  concerned  includes  the  Flying
Burns Basin     Dutchman and seven other claims, all being held by location.    The claims are
Gold Mines, Ltd. situated on the northern side of Bobbie Burns creek, formerly known as the
Middle fork of the Spillimacheen river, south-east of the Robert E. Burns
group of Crown-granted claims in Bobbie Burns basin. These are shown on the Glacier Park,
Sheet No. 82, Topographical Survey of Canada, published by the Department of the Interior,
Ottawa. The company's property is reached by pack-trail about 35 miles in length from Parson,
on the Canadian Pacific Railway south of Golden. This distance can be reduced by several
miles if the short-cut route to Carbonate Landing is used, but at the latter point there is no
bridge over the Columbia river. The claims cover the steep slope adjoining the small creek
which drains Bobbie Burns basin in an old burned-over area which is now covered with scattered second growth. The surrounding formation is composed of metamorphosed sedimentaries,
probably members of the Windermere series of late Precambrian age, which are shown to extend
along Bobbie Burns creek on the illustration, Fig. 13, page 222a, " Reconnaissance in the Purcell
Range West of Brisco, Kootenay District, B.C.," published in Geological Survey Summary Report,
1925, Part A. The formation, in Bobbie Burns basin as well as adjoining the main valley, is
folded and fractured across the bedding to form a schistose structure. Rock types vary from
a grey, quartzoze schist to dark slaty schist in which cubes of pyrite are a characteristic feature.
The deposits, which have so far been found only in the area covered by the dark schists, consist
of quartz in elongated lenses or filling small fractures, mineralization being chiefly pyrite, which
occurs in massive form or irregularly disseminated through the quartz. Exclusive of the old
Flying Dutchman, which is a relocation, the claims constituting the company's property were
staked by agents on October 6th, 1934, after previous stakings by the same representatives,
found to be irregular, were abandoned. The Flying Dutchman, as also the Robert E. Burns
group, with which this report is not directly concerned, were described by the late W. Fleet
Robertson in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1898. No mining has been done in the
immediate area since then. The only development done on the property of the Burns Basin
Gold Mines, Limited, is on the Flying Dutchman claim, where two adits were driven in the
nineties on separate quartz-exposures. The upper adit, at an • elevation of 6,350 feet, is a
crosscut driven north-westerly for about 115 feet.    At 23 and 30 feet in from the portal 12-inch E 28
quartz stringers are cut which strike north 80 degrees east and dip at 38 degrees to the north.
At about 65 feet in from the portal a branch working 24 feet in length cuts a lens of quartz
up to 34 inches wide. A sample at this point gave no appreciable values in gold and the two
quartz stringers previously mentioned showed no evidence of mineralization. The lower adit,
at an elevation of 6,125 feet, is a crosscut driven north-westerly for about 65 feet to its intersection with a quartz vein, tightly frozen to the wall-rock, which strikes about north 60 degrees-
east and dips at 60 degrees to the north-west. A curving drift 60 feet long exposes short sections
of the vein, 20 to 36 inches wide, at opposite extremities of this working, the central section
being left in the south-eastern wall of the adit. A sample at the south-western face assayed
0.46 oz. gold per ton across 21 inches. Samples at the opposite face were: Across 36 inches,
which assayed 0.04 oz. gold per ton; and the same section, in two cuts 24 and 12 inches wide,
which assayed respectively: Gold, nil and 0.06 oz. per ton. The latter cut on the hanging-wall
side was heavily mineralized with pyrite, the assay results indicating erratic gold content in
the iron sulphides. A selected sample of massive pyrite taken from the Robert E. Burns property
at the head of Bobbie Burns basin, which is owned by Eastern Canadian interests, assayed
0.80 oz. gold per ton. There is at present no camp accommodation or mining equipment of value
on the ground of the Burns Basin Gold Mines, Limited, the preliminary work done having chiefly
consisted of cleaning out the debris at the portals of the old Flying Dutchman adits. From
Parson to the South fork of the Spillimacheen river the trail has been kept open by G. W.
Edwards, of the Witwatersrand Syndicate, in connection with his undertakings on Vermont
Creek. From that point to the Burns Basin area the trail in September was in very bad
condition with dense brush and much fallen timber. This is clue to the lack of activity in the
Bobbie Burns Creek section, where the last mining activity was that by the Alpha Mines
Syndicate, Limited, in 1923 in the International basin.
This group of four claims, held by location and owned by the Blake Bros., of
Key. Skookumehuck, is situated at the head of the South fork of Doctor creek,
about 1.5 miles north of the 50th parallel and 4 miles west of the 116th
meridian. The property is reached by an old trail, largely obliterated, and some 12 miles in
length from the upper end of the logging-road extending up Findlay creek from a point on the
highway 3 miles north of Canal Flats. The claims are new locations covering the basin towards
the summit and lying largely above timber-line at elevations ranging from 8,000 to 9,000 feet
above sea-level. Prospecting in the early days is indicated by a short adit and some shallow cuts.
The area, which lies between the Windermere and Cranbrook Sheets of the Geological Survey
of Canada, has not yet been geologically mapped. The claims are staked along the trend of
quartzite strata, including rusty-weathering argillaceous bands, which locally strike north and
south with a dip of 64 degrees to the west. A large area of granitic rock is exposed across a
deep gulch to the east of the quartzites. Below the tent-camp, towards the northern extremity
of the claims and on the western side of a small creek, mineralization consisting of galena, with
iron sulphides and minor amounts of sphalerite, occurs in decomposed pockets and streaks in an
intensely metamorphosed and serieitized band of quartzite 80 to 100 feet wide. A grab sample
of this material assayed: Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton ; silver, 9.2 oz. per ton ; lead, 17 per cent.; zinc,
1.5 per cent. This band, compressed into small, sharp folds, is weathered dark brown to black.
Along the foot-wall of this band, which is underlain by rusty-weathering hard quartzite, similar
mineralization is more strongly developed in streaks, from which heavy slabs of mineral were
detached. A selected sample of this material assayed: Gold, 0.02 oz. per ton ; silver, 45 oz.
per ton ; lead, 48.7 per cent.; zinc, 2 per cent. On top of the eastern bank of the creek and
close to the camp, at a roughly estimated elevation of 8,200 feet, open-cuts have been made to
prospect mineralization associated with two porphyritic granite dykes cutting quartzite. The
structural relationship of the formations is not clear in the shallow workings, but adjoining the
dykes, several of which are indicated in the immediate vicinity, the quartzite is contorted and
folded. The two dykes exposed, as well as the adjacent quartzite, are irregularly mineralized
with pyrite, occasional galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyrite. An unidentified grey metallic mineral
was also noted, possibly an antimonial sulphide. Selected samples assayed: Gold, 0.04 oz.
per ton ; silver, 2.5 oz. per ton ; copper, 0.2 per cent.; and : Gold, trace; silver, 6 oz. per ton ;
lead, 11.9 per cent.;  zinc, 1 per cent.    Towards the southern end of the claims, at the top of an EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 29
extensive talus-slope below the bluffs forming the western side of the basin, and at about 9,000
feet elevation, open-cuts and stripping over a length of 600 feet expose a vein, 2.5 to 6 feet wide,
which strikes north 30 degrees east and dips at from 60 to 65 degrees to the north-west. The
enclosing formation is a diorite-sill. Mineralization consists of iron sulphides with occasional
galena, sphalerite, and chalcopyrite in a gangue of quartz and siderite. A composite sample
assayed : Gold, 0.08 oz. per ton ; silver, 12 oz. per ton; copper, 0.8 per cent.; lead, trace ; zinc,
1 per cent. The Blake Bros, have been actively prospecting the area and have repaired the old
trail up the South fork of Doctor creek so that pack-horses can be used.
In this Division placer-mining was conducted at several points, including Findlay and Dutch
creeks, no production of importance being reported.
This group of claims, owned by H. Kershaw, of Fort Steele, is situated on
Lily May.        the south-east side of Wild Horse creek, opposite a point about a mile below
Victoria gulch. The workings are at an elevation of about 6,300 feet, or
approximately 3,500 feet above the creek-level. The property is reached by steep trail, which
also gives access to the adjacent Dardanelles group, about 2.5 miles in length from the end of
the Wild Horse Creek road 10 miles from Fort Steele. The country-rock is composed of finegrained argillaceous quartzites striking north-south and dipping at 40 degrees to the west.
The quartz vein, 5 to 30 inches wide, which follows the contour of the very steep side-hill, strikes
north 10 degrees west, with a dip of from 30 to 32 degrees to the east into the hill. Small
irregular greenstone dykes older than the vein, striking east-west, cut the formation in the
vicinity of the vein. Mineralization consists of iron sulphides and galena disseminated through
the quartz, which is only slightly oxidized. Samples taken indicate that, the gold values vary
with the proportion of sulphides present. The property, including its past history, was
described by W. Fleet Robertson in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1898 under
Tit-for-Tat. The surface workings consist of stripping and open-cuts tracing the continuity
of the vein. In the section examined the width of the vein-outcrop is from 5 to 18 inches.
Distributed over a length of a few hundred feet, underground workings consist of four shallow
inclined shafts sunk on the vein dipping flatly into the hill and a short crosscut which has not
reached- the vein. Commencing at the northern extremity, No. 1 incline is 20 feet deep, throughout which length the vein, 5 to 12 inches wide, is continuous. A sample at the face across
12 inches of iron-stained quartz, containing some galena, assayed :< Gold, 0.22 oz. per ton;
silver, 2.4 oz. per ton ; lead, 4 per cent.; zinc, trace. One hundred feet southerly the next
working is a 35-foot inclined shaft in which the rusty quartz, 18 to 30 inches wide, also contains
galena. A sample taken across 16 inches at the face assayed: Gold, 0.38 oz. per ton; silver,
3.2 oz. per ton; lead, 5 per cent.; zinc, trace. One hundred feet southerly there is a 10-foot
inclined shaft in which the vein is up to 15 inches wide, no sulphides being in evidence. A sample
across 9 inches of rusty quartz at the face assayed: Gold, trace; silver, trace. The next working, 75 feet to the south, is an 8-foot crosscut which has not reached the vein, 18 inches wide as
exposed at the outcrop just beyond the face. The most southerly underground working, 60 feet
from the last, is an inclined shaft, said to be down 30 feet, partly filled with water. A sample
across 26 inches of quartz, containing no apparent sulphide mineralization, at a point, 8 feet
down from the collar, assayed: Gold, 0.08 oz. per ton ; silver, 0.4 oz. per ton. It is stated that
open-cuts to the south of the latter point trace the extension of the vein in this direction.
This company was incorporated under Dominion charter on June 7th, 1934.
Marysville       The British Columbia properties of this company are reported to be the Evans
Mining Co.      group on Whitefish creek, the Dardanelles on Wild Horse creek, and the
Wellington on Hellroaring creek.    The last two are stated to be held under
option.    The Evans property is referred to in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 76, " Geology
of the Cranbrook Map-area, British Columbia," and in the Report of the Minister of Mines
for 1915.    The Wellington, owned by the J. Angus Estate, is described in the Report of the
Minister of Mines for 1932 and in Geological Survey of Canada Summary Report, 1932, Part A.
References to the Dardanelles, owned by E. Banks, are contained in the report of the Minister
of Mines for 1898 and 1925.   No appreciable amount of work is known to have been done since E 30
the latter mention.   Two samples taken in the 55-foot inclined shaft on the Dardanelles assayed
as follows:—
Location and Description.
Oz. per Ton.
Oz. perTon.
Per Cent.
Per Cent.
Quartz   with   galena-streak   and   slight   copper-
carbonate stain 30 feet down from collar
The other inclined shaft, said to be down 217 feet, was inaccessible a short distance below
the collar. A sample taken here across 2 feet of quartz, containing disseminated galena, assayed:
Gold, 0.10 oz. per ton; silver, 2.5 oz. per ton; lead, 16 per cent.; zinc, trace. Gold values
fluctuate and a thorough sampling of the vein-exposures would be necessary to arrive at an
approximation of the average gold content.
This group of claims covers the steep wooded side-hill between the forks
Big Chief. of Boulder creek, which flows into Wild Horse creek from the east at a point
about 6 miles above Fort Steele. Access is by the Boulder Creek trail for
a roughly estimated distance of 5 miles from the Wild Horse Creek road. Two porphyry dykes—
one 2 feet wide, strike 35 degrees, dip 58 degrees north-west; the other 24 feet east, 15 feet
wide, strike 55 degrees, dip 50 degrees north-west—cut phyllites, striking 65 degrees, dip 72
degrees north-west.
The larger dyke is jointed more or less along the strike and in the main working calcification
is quite pronounced along some of the joints. Mineralization, consisting of a little quartz galena,
pyrite, and chalcopyrite, occurs in the jointing of the dyke and in the phyllite close to the contact.
The main adit (elevation 5,130 feet), driven north 40 degrees east along the north-west side
of the large dyke, was 130 feet long when examined in July. At a point 90 feet in from the
portal two crosscuts, both 25 feet long, had been driven to the north-west and south-east
respectively. A 4-inch quartz stringer, sampled in the face of the first-mentioned crosscut, gave
a negative assay for gold and silver. The north-west crosscut exposes the 2-foot dyke in the
face. In the main working, 50 feet in from the portal, a mineralized patch 2 feet square was
sampled, the assay giving 0.68 oz. gold per ton and 1.2 oz. silver per ton. Two men were
employed driving the main working by hand.
This claim, owned by A. Suran, is a' recent location situated on the steep
St. Tresa. slope just north of Boulder creek, about 1 mile by trail from the Wild Horse
Creek road. Surface prospecting has been done on two quartz occurrences
associated with fracturing in hard grey sandy argillite and quartzite, strike north 10 degrees
west, dip of 60 degrees west. Two quartz-outcrops, 50 feet apart in elevation, strike about east-
west, the upper one, which is the better exposed, being 2 feet wide and dipping at 78 degrees to
the south. Selected material, containing disseminated pyrite and galena, assayed : Gold, trace ;
silver, 2 oz. per ton: lead, 2 per cent.: zinc, trace. Two samples, across 18- and 26-inch
widths of quartz, in which no sulphides were present, gave negative assays. The veins are
irregular and ill-defined.
The holdings of this recently incorporated company comprise thirty-three
claims, all held by location, taken over from the Kimberley Goldfields
Syndicate. The Quartz Mountain group, described in the Report of the
Minister of Mines for 1933, constitutes the nucleus of the property to which
more claims were added during 1934. The staked area, covering brushy
ground with scattered timber, is at the head of Sawmill creek, a small tributary of Perry creek,
the main workings being located on the medium to steep mountain-side sloping south-easterly
towards the main valley. Access is by branch road, chiefly new construction, 4.5 miles in
length from the Perry Creek road, which connects with Cranbrook. Referring to the information published in 1933, subsequent work has all been in connection with the large quartz-showing
in the T-shaped trench at about 6,300 feet elevation. It has become apparent that the mineralization of economic interest strikes up and down the hill in a northerly and southerly direction,
closely approximating the strike of a greenstone dyke which is about north 20 degrees west.
The trench can perhaps be described more closely as being " F-shaped," its north-south main
section being represented by the upright bar and the two extensions to the east completing
the letter.    The dyke was encountered in the northerly of the two easterly sections where a shaft
Goldfields Consolidated, Ltd. EASTERN DISTRICT (No. 5). E 31
was sunk 8 feet below the bottom of the trench. The quartz appears to occur in a banded
structure adjoining the dyke to the west. The surface exposure is largely oxidized with scattered
pyrite, occasional chalcopyrite, and bornite. The results of sampling done in 5-foot sections
along the main trench, on the first assumption that this working crosscut the deposit, were
given in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933. Two samples, of oxidized and sulphide
material respectively, were taken to ascertain the gold content of the types specified. Selected
oxidized material assayed: Gold, 1.88 oz. per ton; silver, 0.8 oz. per ton; and selected pyrite
in quartz assayed:  Gold, 0.34 oz. per ton;  with silver, 1 oz. per ton.
To determine the structure of the deposit eleven holes, aggregating 650 feet and distributed
over a length of 300 feet, were put down from the surface with a Boyle Bros. X-ray diamond-
drill. This was done under the direction of L. E. Drummond, mining engineer in charge.
According to this authority, the drilling indicates a mineralized zone over 100 feet wide. This
was traced down the hill to the south and a 6- by 7-foot drift-adit started at about 6,200 feet
elevation to develop the ground below the F trench. This working, in 100 feet at the time of
writing, is stated to be in quartz throughout, with low values from the portal. At the face
the adit has just entered sulphide ore, similar to that in the surface working, containing
encouraging values. In grading the road to a stable, quartz has been exposed throughout a
length of 500 feet, the upper end of this section being about 400 feet south of the adit-site.
A portable gas-compressor has been installed at the portal and improvements at the camp below
include office, cook and bunk house, and assay office.
The progress of this outstanding operation of the Consolidated Mining and
Sullivan. Smelting Company at Kimberley has been recorded annually in the Report
of the Minister of Mines, the first mention being by W. A. Carlyle, Provincial
Mineralogist, in the year 1896, in publications of the Geological Survey of Canada, and in the
technical press. The period under review witnessed capacity operation of the 6,000-ton concentrator. No plant additions of importance were made. Development-work done included
2,089.5 feet of crosscutting and drifting, 3,820.5 feet of raising, and 376.5 feet of sinking. This
represents a substantial increase over the corresponding work done in 1933. The big shaft
being sunk from the 3,900-foot level is down 1,200 feet, with stations cut at the various levels.
During the year 1,744,151 tons of ore was treated, with an estimated recovery of 6,370,000 oz.
of Silver, 322,000,000 lb. of lead, and 212,000,000 lb. of zinc. E. G. Montgomery is general
superintendent; W. Lindsay, mine superintendent; and C. T. Oughtred, mill superintendent.
At this group of six claims, 2 miles by trail from the end of the Findlay Creek
Lead. road, which has been extended 2 miles beyond Jeffrey's ranch, prospecting-
work was continued by the Blake Bros., of Skookumchuck. Conditions have
been described in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1926, 1928, and 1932, the present notes
being supplementary to this previously published information. Past work was done chiefly on
silver-lead-zinc showings in a zone of fracturing in a granitic sill. The new work has been done
to prospect the adjoining quartzites, and in this connection an adit and shallow inclined shaft
expose a fracture striking about north 38 degrees east and dipping at about 50 degrees to the
north-west. In the outcrop-zone the fracture is filled with honeycombed and decomposed quartz
containing loose aggregates and masses of galena. A selected sample assayed: Gold, 0.04 oz.
per ton; silver, 48 oz. per ton ; lead, 72 per cent.; zinc, 3 pel- cent. At the face the fracture
persists, accompanied by gouge, but there is less quartz and no appreciable mineralization.
On the May Queen claim, about 1.5 miles to the north-east and reached by branch trail, surface
prospecting has been done on a quartz-outcrop 7 feet wide, which strikes about north 30 degrees
east and dips at 45 degrees to the north-west, apparently coinciding in attitude with the enclosing
schist. On the foot-wall side the quartz contains galena and some chalcopyrite associated with
siderite, the main mass containing only occasional specks of galena. A selected sample assayed:
Gold, trace ; silver, 3.5 oz. per ton ; lead, 3 per cent.; zinc, trace ; copper, trace. Summarizing
the various occurrences, the area contains numerous quartz veins and veinlets apparently
paralleling the metamorphosed sedimentaries in strike and dip, maintaining this general
attitude in the fractures developed in a granitic sill.
This group of the B.C. Cariboo Gold Fields, Limited, comprises five claims
Midway. held under option from J. Leask, of Cranbrook, and sixty-five adjoining claims
staked by  this  company  in  1933,  all claims being  held by  location.    The
property is situated on the wooded slope on the north-western side of the Moyie River valley. E 32 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Conditions were described at some length in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933.
An adit, about 80 feet in elevation above the highway and a few hundred yards in only a short
distance when this prospect was taken over by the present company, had been extended to a
point 300 feet from the portal at the end of 1933. Subsequently the property was shut down,
work being resumed in the fall of 1934 under the technical direction of R. H. Stewart. The
present notes are supplementary to previously published information. Summarizing conditions
revealed by progressive development, the deposit occurs in a sheared zone striking northerly,
with dips of from 35 to 45 degrees to the east. The quartzites are generally argillaceous in
the vicinity of the vein, some of the beds being quite soft. They strike easterly and westerly,
with dips to the north of from 10 to 20 degrees. Therefore, as the adit is extended into the
hill along the vein, successive quartzite strata are cut. In this working, mineralization, developed
along the hanging-wall side of the sheared zone, consists chiefly of pyrite with small amounts of
galena, and zinc-blende, with occasional arsenopyrite and tetrahedrite, in a gangue of quartz,
intensely brecciated and subsequently recemented. The width of the mineralization varies from
a few inches to over 6 feet, the foot-wall side of -the zone consisting of fractured iron-stained
country-rock. The outcrop of the vein, thoroughly oxidized and leached, is exposed by a series
of open-cuts for a distance of between 700 and 800 feet from the adit up the face of the hill,
which slopes upwards from the valley at angles of from 25 to 30 degrees and continues to rise
at somewhat flatter angles beyond the open-cuts. The adit, according to recent advices, has been
driven 655 feet along the general trend of the vein. Measured in feet northerly from the portal,
the vein to point 20 is completely oxidized with little quartz. From here to 30 the quartz
widens to 2 feet, shows sulphides, then narrows to 55. From this point the quartz widens to
4.5 feet at 90 and 4 feet in the stoped section from 105 to 120, where a concentration of sulphides
occurs, and from which a test shipment of 40 tons, made to the Trail smelter in 1933, assayed:
Gold, 0.32 oz. per ton ; silver, 2.5 oz. per ton. At point 135 the mineralization with disseminated
sulphides widens to 6 feet or more, and at this point a crosscut was run to the east for about
45 feet. From 145 to 250 the quartz is narrow, varying from 1 to 2 feet in width in the floor,
with little or no quartz in the back. Samples taken in the section between 160 and 250 averaged:
Gold, 0.17 oz. per ton ; silver, 1.66 oz. per ton, across 19.5 inches. At the latter point the drift
was swung into the hanging-wall, but the vein is again exposed in the face of a 15-foot crosscut
to the west at 285. Here a sample across the 22-inch hanging-wall pay-streak of the vein
assayed: Gold, 1.06 oz. per ton; silver, 3.1 oz. per ton; and a sample across the adjoining
mineralization, 2 feet wide, on the foot-wall side assayed: Gold, 0.05 oz. per ton; silver, 0.05 oz.
per ton. Beyond the crosscut the working curves back to cut the quartz mineralization, 2.5 to
3 feet wide, at 360; then leaves it in the hanging-wall to 389, from which point it is again
exposed to 445. In this section low-grade mineralization is reported to occur over widths of
from 3 to 5 feet, and beyond 445 the working swings first to the hanging-wall side and then to
the foot-wall side, cutting the vein shearing and exposing it again towards the face. In the
section of the working seen by the writer the vein was largely oxidized and leached, the gold
and silver values apparently fluctuating with the percentage of sulphides present. It is considered possible that as the vein penetrates harder and more competent quartzite-beds more
favourable conditions for ore-deposition will be encountered, as is reported to have been the
ease at the St. Eugene mine at Moyie, which is in the same general formation.
Seasonal placer-mining undertakings in the Fort Steele Division provided considerable
employment in the aggregate. In the Wild Horse Creek area the principal activity was that
by J. H. Norman and J. H. Dixon, both of Calgary, where gravel was excavated under contract
with a gas-shovel. On Boulder creek A. Suran & Sons continued work, coarse gold being
recovered at a point about a mile by trail from the Wild Horse Creek road. On Perry creek
work was continued by G. M. Bell, of Calgary, in the shaft-workings near Old Town. At the
falls on Moyie river J. C. Ewen and D. Oscarson continued their underground work, which
after being driven 250 feet through rock was extended 112 feet through gravel. An incline
was sunk where the gravel was first encountered and a substantial amount of gold was recovered.
Drilling was done at Swansea, near Palmer Bar creek, south of Cranbrook, by the Consolidated
Mining and Smelting Company, and by L. E. Drummond on the leases of the Grizzley Gold
Mines on Hellroaring creek.    This mining engineer also test-drilled leases on  Sawmill creek EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 33
near where it joins Perry creek.    Individuals and groups placer-mined at other points, including
Bull river, Fish Lake creek, Weaver, and Nigger creeks, and the Moyie river.
The silver-lead-zinc property of this company is situated at Cody, on the north
Noble Five side of Carpenter creek, 1.5 miles by road east of Sandon; Past references to
Mines, Ltd. the Noble Five include those in the Report of the Minister of Mines for the
years 1895, 1896, 1910, 1911, 1915, 1916, 1925, 1928, 1929, and 1930. Those
for the last three years mentioned include the active period of operations by the present company,
production having been discontinued early in 1930. The same publication for the year 1929
describes the later development on the No. 18 level of the ore-body then described as the Deadman.
Diamond-drilling done during 1934 has, among other results, definitely correlated the vein system
as developed in the upper and deep levels, the ore-body mentioned now being known to occur
in the Noble Five vein. Two holes were put in to explore this vein beyond a fault which had
cut off the mineralization in the north-east face of the main drift on the No. 18 level (elevation
5,116 feet). It was from the ore-shoot in this drift, previously thought to be on the Deadman
vein, that the bulk of the 1929-30 production was derived. The drilling here cut a width of
8 feet, normal to the dip of the vein, of disseminated pyrite-galena-sphalerite mineralization,
with some associated quartz, indicating the continuity of the vein to the north-east beyond the
fault for a length of over 100 feet. Four holes drilled easterly and southerly from and near
the south-east face of the No. 16 level crosscut encountered the upward continuation of the
Noble Five vein at this horizon, mineralization being chiefly pyrite, no appreciable amount of
lead or zinc sulphides being noted in the cores. Two other holes put up above the No. 16
level crosscut showed vein material. The diamond-drilling done indicates the continuity of
the Noble Five vein between No. 8 level, where it was mined in past operations, and the stoped
area on the No. 18 level. The two horizons are 1,070 feet apart measured along the dip of
the vein. Hole No. 9 was drilled in a northerly direction from the north end of the No. 18
level main crosscut. Between points 210 and 211 feet a fair showing of galena and sphalerite,
with some pyrite, was cut. It is considered possible that this may be the Last Chance vein
which was mined in the upper levels of the property. No. 10 hole was driven to south 50 degrees
east from the No. 18 level main crosscut to explore for the Deadman vein. This hole ran into
crushed material at a point where this vein is supposed to be, that is about 500 feet to the
south-east of the Noble Five vein, being one of the parallel system of north-easterly-striking
fissures. The Deadman vein did not show up appreciably where intersected by the main crosscut.
The property of this company adjoins the town of Sandon. Past operations
Silversmith are recorded in the Report of the Minister of Mines under Silversmith, or
Mines, Ltd. Slocan Star, activities of the present company being covered in this publication for the years 1922 to 1929, inclusive. The early history and geological
conditions were summarized by C. E. Cairnes in Geological Survey of Canada Summary Report,
1925, Part A. Since 1930, when company operations were suspended, minor activity has been
maintained by lessees. In 1934 exploratory work on a restricted scale was resumed by the
company under the direction of J. Lancaster. On his arrival at the end of March it was found
that the mill building had been undermined and the foundation washed out by flood-water from
Carpenter creek in 1933. The damage was repaired and a rock-filled cribbing 100 feet long and
12 feet wide was built in front of the mill to divert the creek and prevent a recurrence of similar
damage. The mine had suffered most during the long shut-down, a slide having obstructed the
portal of No. 10 adit, while underground on this level over 400 lineal feet of drifts had caved.
This was cleared out and new timbers substituted for decayed ones before diamond-drilling
could- be carried on safely. Other repairs were also made to recondition the property. Diamond-
drilling in the Silversmith area on No. 10 level was commenced in May and continued to the
end of the year. Development-work was done at the extreme east end of the Silversmith ore-
zone, where a raise had encountered a shoot of silver-lead-zinc ore when the property was
visited in November.
The property of this company, known as the Monitor mine, adjoins the New
Slocan-Monitor   Denver-Sandon road at Three Forks.    Conditions were summarized by C. E.
Silver Mines, Ltd. Cairnes  in  Geological  Survey  of  Canada   Summary  Report,  1925,  Part  A.
Other references are contained in the Report of the Minister of Mines for E 34 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
the years 1896, 1904, 1926, and 1929, also in the Report of Commission appointed to investigate
the Zinc Resources of British Columbia, published in 1906 by the Mines Branch, Department
of the Interior. Work was started in June under the direction of H. Lakes, of Nelson. On the
No. 5 level 720 feet of driving was done to test the ground below the ore-zone stoped between
No. 4 level and the surface. High-grade streaks of silver-lead-zinc ore were developed over
short lengths. Low gold values are occasionally associated with the other values. A portable
gas-compressor was in use.
Shipments to the Trail smelter from the Slocan Division were made, chiefly by lessees, from
sixteen properties listed as follows:—
Mine. Name and Address of Shipper.
Best H. Giegerich, Kaslo.
Black Colt E. J. Vandergrift, New Denver.
Canadian C. Calgaro, Sandon.
Early Bird James Woods, Sandon.
Ivanhoe J. A. Black, Sandon.
Lucky Thought H. V. Dewis, Silverton.
Mammoth Western Exploration Co., Ltd., Silverton.
Mollie Hughes W. R. Green, New Denver.
Mountain Chief. J. Checkelero, Sandon.
Palmita E. J. Vandergrift, New Denver.
Rio W. R. Roberts, Sandon.
Ruth Ruth-Hope Mining Co., Vancouver.
Silversmith Silversmith Mines, Ltd., Seattle.
Standard Western Exploration Co., Ltd., Silverton.
Victor '. E. Doney, Sandon.
With the exception of the Mollie Hughes, where the ore is silver-gold, shipments were silver-
lead-zinc ore. with some concentrates from the Silversmith. The contained silver values are
generally high, about 100 oz. per ton or more.
In the Big Bend area placer-mining continued to afford some employment. Individuals' and
groups washed for gold at numerous points, as: On the Columbia river at the mouth of Gold-
stream ; on Smith creek, a tributary of the Columbia from the west; on Camp, McCulloch, and
French creeks, which flow into Goldstream from the north ; and on Carnes creek, a tributary
of the Columbia river from the east. On Camp creek a crew of men was employed by the
Coughlan Gold Mines, Limited, sponsored by J. B. Coughlan, of Calgary. This undertaking was
described in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933. At the property of the French Creek
Development Company, Limited, work was continued on a restricted scale under the direction
of L. N. Remillard.
DeMers Placers, Ltd.—On Isaac creek, a tributary of the Columbia river south of Revelstoke,
the undertaking of this company, described in Bulletin No. 1, " Summary and Review of the
Mineral Industry of British Columbia," was discontinued at the end of July after a 13-ton
shipment of black sand was sent to the Trail smelter. This shipment, which assayed 0.005 oz.
gold per ton, was the result of screening a large quantity of gravel during a period of over
two months.
Camborne Area.
Operations by this company, initiated late in 1932, have been carried on con-
Meridian Mining tinuously throughout 1933 and 1934. The present notes are additional to
Co., Ltd.        the information published in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1932
and 1933. The groups of claims forming the company's holdings are known
as the Eva, Criterion, Cholla, and Lucky Jack. These comprise the following thirty-two Crown-
granted claims and fractions: Conmore, Silver Wedge, Gold Fly, Sleve-na-mon, Rossland,
Balfour, Imperial, Oyster, Criterion, Mascotte Fractional, Gold Bug Fractional, St. Joe, Meridian
J EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5).    .   ■ E 35
Fraction, Lucky Jack Fraction, Red Horse, Alamo, J. J. Davis Fraction, Cholla, Treadwell,
L. V. Fractional, Tuscan, Blue Jay, Dora, Thelma, Joker, Stockholm Fraction, Eva, Highland
Mary, Last Chance, Iron Dollar, Wedge Fraction, and H.M. Fractional.
The consolidated and contiguous groups of claims are located on the eastern side of the
Incomappleux (Fish) river, north of Pool creek and immediately adjacent to the settlement
of Camborne. Elevations on the claims range from 1,550 to 3,900 feet above sea-level, the
ground covered being well timbered, steep mountain-side sloping to the two streams specified.
The geology of the area, with history and past production, are contained in Geological Survey
of Canada Memoir 161, " Lardeau Map-area." The Report of the Minister of Mines for 1914
also summarizes the past history and production. The operations of the present company
represent a new period of activity after an interval of many years. During 1934 work was
carried on in the Eva No. 7a level until September 25th and in the Criterion workings throughout
the year. Both properties, and the Lucky Jack where old workings were being reconditioned,
were visited by the writer at the beginning of August.
A crosscut-section of the Eva workings was reproduced in the Report of the Minister of
Mines for 1914. Reporting progress in relation to previously published information : The No. 7a
(or lowest) adit at 2,790 feet elevation has been continued south-easterly, the face now being over
1,800 feet in from the crosscut-drift intersection towards the portal. This working, therefore,
now extends far beyond the ground below the Highland Mary shaft and adjacent stoped area at
the south-eastern extremity of the old upper workings and penetrates the ground below the
western extremity of the Criterion workings for a length of several hundred feet. The vertical
difference in elevation between the No. 7a Eva adit and the No. 2 Criterion level is about 275 feet.
The last 230 feet of the new work in No. 7a has been driven since the writer's inspection. In the
section examined the vein consists of interbanded quartz stringers and schist, silicification of the
wall-rock being apparent in places. Mineralization consists of pyrite, sphalerite, and galena
occurring irregularly in streaks. Measured in feet south-easterly along the working from the
crosscut-drift intersection there is at point 320 the old No. 704 raise connecting the No. 6a level at
2,900 feet elevation. South-easterly from the raise, crosscuts, designated as Nos. 705 to 717,
inclusive, have been made to north-east and south-west at intervals throughout the section of
working examined to the face then at 1,530 feet. From the original descriptive point adopted
Nos. 705 and 708 crosscuts are at points 405 and 705 feet respectively, or 300 feet apart. Within
these limits there occurs comparatively concentrated mineralization associated with quartz
stringers, including a length of 240 feet sampled by B. W. W. McDougall, consulting engineer,
which averaged 0.228 oz. gold per ton across 2.3 feet. The better values, which materially affect
the average quoted, are chiefly confined to a short length at the north-western extremity of the
shoot towards No. 705 crosscut. Material approximating 0.25 oz. gold per ton is reported by the
mine superintendent to have been encountered in the latter end of the working, widths being
about 3 feet.
A plan of the Criterion workings was reproduced in the Report of the Minister of Mines for
1933. No further work was done on No. 1 level as this is only slightly above the Rossland adit,
the difference in the portal elevations being about 10 feet. Development has been concentrated on
the No. 2 (corrected elevation 3,073 feet) and Rossland (elevation 3,224 feet) levels and between
the latter and the surface. The No. 2 adit main drift has been extended for a length of about 675
feet south-easterly beyond the face as shown on the illustration specified, and crosscuts have been
made at intervals. Raises, designated as Nos. 221 and 217, have been put up to the Rossland
level, and from No. 229 raise an intermediate level was established at 3,185 feet elevation. No. 228
raise is up a short distance. The Rossland working has also been extended south-easterly, the
face now being about 90 feet beyond the extremity of the No. 2 working. The No. 221 raise has
been extended above the Rossland level and a sub-level established by drifts at the 3,362 level.
The No. 119 raise has been put up to the 3,336 level, where a drift has been run to the north-west.
Most of the new drifting on the No. 2 and Rossland levels had been done prior to the writer's
visit, but the other work specified has been done since. No ore of consequence was exposed on
either of these levels in this section of the vein, values being very erratic, with some concentration
where acute-angled cross-fracturing occurred. Ore is reported by the management to have been
encountered in raising between the two levels and above the Rossland level towards the surface.
One area described as including new ore-exposures is that extending laterally between raises
Nos. 221 and 217, a length of about 300 feet, and between the No. 2 and Rossland levels and above the latter towards the surface. The second ore-area is described as lying between survey
stations 231 and 233, about 100 feet apart, which is indicated by 217 raise to extend to and above
the No. 1 level. This section adjoins the first-mentioned ore-zone to the south-east, indicating
an area containing irregular mineralization about 400 feet in length which is partially explored
by raises and intermediate levels between the No. 2 level and the surface. Recent construction
includes an aerial tram, 3,700 feet in length, connecting the No. 2 Criterion adit with the mill.
The tram, installed by the B.C. Riblet Company and completed November 24th, has a capacity
of 100 tons per eight-hour shift. Improvements at the mine include additions to the bunk and
mess house, affording increased capacity and comfortable quarters for the men. Construction
of the mill, which adjoins Pool creek at Camborne, was commenced October 10th and concentrates are being produced at the time of writing. The flow-sheet, designed by Stanley Gray, is
as follows: Ore from the tram is dumped into a 75-ton receiving-bin, from which it is drawn
over a 2%-inch grizzly to a 10- by 18-inch jaw-crusher set at 2% inches. Undersized and
crushed product are conveyed by a 14-inch conveyor, the head pulley of which is magnetic,
supplied by the Robinson Electric Company; thence over a Junior iy2- by 3-foot Niagara shaking
screen to a Traylor-type T.Y. 20-ineh gyratory crusher set at % inch. A bucket elevator feeds
the fine-ore bin, which is a hopper-bottom circular bin of 125 tons capacity. An 18-inch belt
supplies the ball-mill, which is an 8- by 4-foot Vancouver Engineering Works conical mill set
in closed circuit with a 4- by 22-foot Dorr Simplex Model F classifier. The overflow from this
machine passes, at 65 per cent, minus 200 mesh, to the 6-cell No. 18 Special Denver flotation unit.
Concentrates are filtered and sacked for shipment. Power for the mill and compressor plant is
supplied by a General Electric generator direct-connected to a 600-horse-power Impulse water-
wheel, regulated by Lombard oil-governor, supplied by the Nelson Iron Works.
Ferguson and Trout Lake Area.
Since these prospects, situated on Silver Cup mountain on the north-east side
Hercules and" of Trout lake, were described in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 161,
Foggy Day. seasonal prospecting-work has been carried on by Mrs. Jowett. The Hercules
is at the head of Ottawa creek, a tributary of Lardeau creek. Above the
crosscut adit at 6,900 feet elevation, referred to by Gunning in the publication mentioned,
an open-cut exposes a fissure-vein, 3 to 6 inches wide, striking north 40 degrees east and
dipping at 30 degrees to the south-east. A sample of sphalerite and pyrite in the decomposed
gangue assayed: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton; silver, 8.2 oz. per ton ; lead, trace ; zinc, 7.2 per cent.
Galena is also present in the exposure. This fissure is parallel to the other small one cut in the
adit, both occurring in chlorite-schists. Gunning suggested prospecting the neighbouring slates
to the east. Going easterly up the hill, a 15-foot adit has been driven south 40 degrees west.
At the portal it cuts oxidized brecciated siliceous material associated with fracturing striking
north 40 degrees west and dipping flatly to the south-west. Continuing up the hill, there is a
30-foot adit driven south 20 degrees west along a quartz-filled fissure, 1 to 6 inches wide, which
dips 30 degrees to the south-east. These newer workings are also in chloritic schists. Work
done on the Fogy Day group, at the head of the South fork of Brown creek, now includes six
adits, of an aggregate length of 200 feet, distributed along the outcrop of the irregular, lensy,
quartz-vein occurrences described by Gunning in Memoir 161.
Small-scale placer-mining activities occurred at points on Lardeau creek above Trout lake
and at points near 10-Mile. The most productive operation was that by Roy Jacobson and
associates at a point about 1.5 miles above the lake, where a dam was constructed and a flume
built to divert the stream.
In this Division the most interesting feature to report is the sustained output made by the
lessees at the Rossland properties of the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company. The
numbers employed in this manner fluctuate and many of the men move from one section of
ground to another as they find the ore. At the time of writing there are 280 men at work on
about sixty separate operations. Through the courtesy of company officials, 1934 production data
from these extensive leasing undertakings have been supplied, the total figures being 39,392 dry EASTERN DISTRICT  (No. 5). E 37
tons, which contained ,25,432.21 oz. gold and 40.365 oz. silver. The increasing tonnage coming
to the Trail smelter from this source made it necessary to devise special means of treatment,
as recounted in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933. Subsequently the separate furnace
set aside for these ores was found inadequate and a large stock-pile accumulated. That the
comparatively large production is expected to be sustained for some time to come is evidenced
by the decision of the company to operate the " Old Red Mill" at Tadanac, formerly used for
experimental purposes and for customs ores. At the end of the year this was being operated on
a basis of 100 tons a day. Customs shippers in the Rossland area were the Cliff, Evening Star,
Georgia, Gold Drip, Hattie, I.X.L. Lessors, Limited, Jumbo, Midnight, Mighty Midas, Nest Egg,
O.K., Silverine, and Velvet Gold Mining Company. These all shipped to the Trail smelter, but
from the last mentioned shipments were also made to the Tacoma smelter. The Rossland mines
were described by C. W. Drysdale in Geological Survey of Canada Memoir 77, published in
1915, and subsequent developments are recorded annually in the Report of the Minister of
Mines. Past gold production of the camp to 1930 is summarized in Bulletin No. 1, 1932, " Lode-
gold Deposits of British Columbia."
From 1894 to 1934, inclusive, the Trail Creek Division has been responsible for an aggregate
output of roughly 2,909,000 oz. gold. This was mostly derived from auriferous copper ores of
the principal mines, with contributions from the small high-grade properties on O.K. mountain,
the Velvet mine, and miscellaneous properties surrounding Rossland. A new productive period
commenced in 1933, when the comparatively large production by lessees from the mines of the
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company was initiated.
Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company op Canada.
Smelting Operations.
During the period under review operations in the group of metallurgical plants at Tadanac
have been conducted on the largest scale on record, based chiefly on the increased volume of
lead and zinc concentrates received from the Sullivan mine at Kimberley. Towards the end
of the year lead production was running about 440 tons a day, or more, of electrolytically refined
metal. This represents capacity output of lead as compared with about 400 tons a day for
the years from 1927 to 1930 and a lower production for the years 1931 to 1933, inclusive.
The zinc plant has been turning out about 340 tons of electrolytic zinc per day, or about
85 per cent, of its capacity, which approximates the highest operating level reached. The zinc
plant original capacity was increased in 1930, when 100 tons a day was added when the fuming
plant enabled zinc-recoveries to be made from lead-furnace slags and zinc-plant rejects without
calling for more ore-tonnage. During 1934 the scope of operations, was gradually increased to
the current dimensions from an initial scale of 80 to 85 per cent, of the lead-refinery capacity
and from 40 to 50 per cent, of the zinc capacity. Increased production of cadmium, bismuth,
silver, and gold contributed to the record metal-output. While these represent a minor item
in the gross weight of metal produced, their aggregate value is important. Copper was also
produced, being a by-product from the lead-smelter through the drossing plant. Cadmium is
a by-product of the zinc plant and the bismuth is recovered in the precious-metals refinery.
No large stocks of metals were on hand during the year, the products being marketed steadily.
New construction in 1934 was the smallest for any large operating year for many years,
but progressive metallurgical efficiencies called for some installations, as In the zinc department,
where a new steel-frame building 50 feet high and 80 by 40 feet in ground dimensions was
erected. This is designed to increase the efficiency of the zinc-recoveries by providing additional
filtering for the zinc-plant residues. It contains a vat-filter installation for purification of the
product of the leaching plant. This slime is placed in a concrete tank containing a series of
filter-frames holding bag fabric, and suction is applied, the solids remaining on the bags, while
the zinc sulphate is extracted as a filtrate. A crane takes the frames, which are 12 feet square,
to a second concrete compartment, where an air-blast blows the deposited solids into a bin, from
which they are taken to the American leaf Alters for " washing." This new filter installation
is an adjunct to the suspension roasting process.
Another new building houses zinc-dust and blue-powder manufacture. An electric zinc-dust
furnace of 2 tons capacity makes zinc-dust from bar zinc, w-hile a 5-ton furnace makes blue
powder from zinc-dross, this latter process saving the electrolyzing of the dross.    These products
13 are used in the paper industry for purification, in cyanide-mills, and in the company's zinc plant,
in the latter being used to purify the zinc-plant fluids by precipitating their foreign bodies.
This manufacture is adjacent to the oxide-leaching plant. The introduction of concentrate-
burning in the zinc plant, referred to in the Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933, has proved
of great value. The apparatus used consists of a comparatively large combustion-chamber, the
excess heat from which is utilized to dry the powdered concentrates on hearths above, while the
roasted product settles on hearths at the bottom of the combustion-chamber, to be evacuated
to the leaching department of the zinc plant. In applying the process the concentrates, after
they have been dried, are conveyed to a ball-mill to make sure that there are no lumps, and
then blown into the top of the combustion-chamber as a very fine powder, the combustion-chamber
having been preheated by an oil-burner, or any other suitable burner, to a temperature at which
the sulphide in the charge is ignited and burned off to sulphur dioxide, leaving particles of zinc
oxide to drop to the bottom hearths, no fuel other than the sulphur in the particles of the charge
being required to maintain the combustion. Only sufficient air is blown into the chamber to
carry the powdered concentrates and to provide the necessary oxygen for the conversion of
the sulphur to sulphur dioxide and of the zinc to zinc oxide. If the combustion-gas does not
contain a sufficiently high concentration of sulphur dioxide for use in the sulphuric-acid plant,
part of it can be recirculated through the furnace, thus increasing its concentration. This
sulphur dioxide is not contaminated with combustion-gases which would be present in other and
older methods whereby the concentrates were roasted or burned by the aid of heat derived from
coal, oil, or other fuel, making it therefore purer and of a higher concentration, which is
necessary when it is to be converted into sulphuric acid.
In regard to the treatment of the fume from the slag plant there are no important changes
to report. Referring to conditions described in Report of the Minister of Mines for 1933, it was
found that fluorine was introduced into the zinc-plant electrolyte by this circuit. It became
necessary to change the flow-sheet so that the zinc-plant sulphide section could be separated from
the oxide circuit, thus confining the fluorine contamination to as small a body of solution as
possible. This was accomplished during the early part of 1934 and the sulphide section is
now running with the normal amount of aluminium corrosion on the cathodes. Such steps as
colder temperatures, protected cathodes, and smaller cathodes are being used on the oxide
solution to reduce the effects of this aluminium corrosion to a minimum.
In regard to the ores derived from the leasing operations on the company's mines, a large
stock-pile accumulated, due to shortage of furnace capacity, for a considerable time as construction changes were being made in the smelter, a new lead-furnace comprising some novel
features being in process of erection. Some action became necessary to reduce the Rossland
tonnage to be smelted. The Tadanac concentrator was therefore reconditioned and has been in
operation since the latter end of the year. Some of the ore comes from underground and some
from dumps, the latter being largely oxidized. Whether or not suitable results can be obtained
on the oxidized portion of the feed is not yet known. The success of the milling operation
depends on the tonnage and kind of ore received from Rossland. The smelting of these ores
was done as described in the writer's report of last year—namely, with the addition of just
sufficient lead to the charge to collect the gold.
Chemical and Fertilizer Department.
During the period under review capacity operation was attained in all sections excepting
the phosphate plant, which was shut down September 1st after satisfying the bulk of anticipated
requirements for the season. After an interval, during which minor adjustments will be made
to give an improved flow, the phosphate plant will be reopened. Production for the year was
approximately 84,000 tons of assorted fertilizers, representing a substantially increased output
over previous years. An 80-foot extension was built on to the storage warehouse, increasing
the storage capacity by 12,000 tons. The building is now 600 feet long and 100 feet wide, with
50 feet of vertical working depth. Primary products of the fertilizer plant are superphosphate,
triple superphosphate, ammonium phosphate in two strengths, and ammonium sulphate, with
various combinations of these products to meet special demands of the trade. A stock-food,
mono-calcium phosphate, recently added to the Warfield products, is making its way in the
Prairie market. It is given as a tonic to stock. Phosphate rock is obtained from a deposit at
Garrison, Montana. Vidette   Mine,   North-west   of   Kamloops.
Gold Bridge, Bridge River. (Copyright Canada, Leonard Frank.) 


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