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ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31ST DECEMBER… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1936

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 ANNUAL EEPOET
OF   THE
MINISTER OF MINES
OF  THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR  THE
Yeae Ended 31st December
1934
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1935.  To His Honour J. W. Fordham Johnson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The Annual Report of the Mining Industry of the Province for the year 1934 is herewith
respectfully submitted.
G. S. PEARSON,
Minister of Mines.
Minister of Mines' Office,
April, 1935.  tskshh  CONTENTS.
The Mining Industry.    John P. Walker   Part A.
Synopsis of Mining Laws of B.C.    Robert Dunn  Part A.
Assay Office.    D. E. Whittaker  Part A.
North-western Mineral Survey District (No. 1).    Joseph T. Mandy  Part B.
North-eastern Mineral Survey District (No. 2).    Douglas Lay   Part C.
Southern and Central Mineral Survey Districts (Nos. 3 and 4).    P. B. Preeland  Part D.
Eastern Mineral Survey District (No. 5).    B. T. O'Grady  Part E.
Western Mineral Survey District (No. 6).    A. M. Richmond   Part F.
Inspection of Mines.    James Dickson   Part G.
Report of Examiners for Coal-mine Officials.    James Strang   Part G.
Government Mine-rescue Stations.    J. D. Stewart, John Thomson, Alfred Gould, and
John T. Puckey   Part G.
Inspection of Coal-mines.    Geo. O'Brien, John G. Biggs, Thomas R. Jackson, Charles;
Graham, and John MacDonald   Part G.
Inspection of Quarries.    James' Strang, Geo. O'Brien, John G. Biggs, and Chas. Graham Part G.
Inspection of Metalliferous Mines.    James Dickson, Thos. R. Jackson, James Strang,
John G. Biggs, Charles Graham, and H. E. Miard   Part G. BRITISH COLUMBIA DEPARTMENT OF MINES.
VICTORIA, B.C.
Hon. George S. Pearson Minister of Mines.
Robert Dunn   --------      Deputy Minister.
John F. Walker Provincial Mineralogist.
D. E. Whittaker     -       -       -       -     Provincial Assayer and Analyst.
James Dickson Chief Inspector of Mines.
Resident Mining Engineers.
J. T. Mandy, No. 1 District, Prince Rupert. (No. 3 District, Penticton.
Douglas Lay, No. 2 District, Hazelton. '    ' )No. 4 District, Penticton.
B. T. O'Grady, No. 5 District, Nelson.
A. M. Richmond, No. 6 District, Vancouver.
District Inspectors.
Geo. O'Brien, Nanaimo. John G. Biggs, Princeton.
T. R. Jackson, Nanaimo. Chas. Graham, Prince Rupert.
John McDonald, Fernie.
Jas. Strang, Inspector and Examiner, Victoria.
H. E. Miard, Inspector and Examiner, Fernie and Nelson.
Mine-rescue Station Instructors.
J. D. Stewart, Nanaimo. A. Gould, Princeton.
J. L. Brown, Cumberland. J. T. Puckey, Fernie. PART A.
THE MINING INDUSTRY.
BY
John F. Walker.
The mining industry during 1934 recovered to an appreciable extent the loss in value
sustained between the peak year of 1929 and the low of 1932. The value of mine production
declined from $68,245,443 in 1929 to $28,798,406 in 1932, a loss in three years of $39,447,037.
During 1933 the value of mine production increased $3,804,266 to $32,602,672, and in 1934 it
increased a further $9,702,625 to $42,305,297. The low point apparently was reached in the
first six months of 1933, when the estimated value for this period was $12,887,984. Subtracting
the estimated value for the first six months from the actual value of mine production for the
year, it is found that the production for the last six months of 1933 was about $19,719,688. The
estimated production for the first six months of 1934 was $20,697,827, and, subtracting this figure
from the final value for the year, it is' found that the production for the last six months was
about $21,607,470. It is apparent that the greater part of the recovery to date took place in
the latter part of 1933, since when the industry has progressed slowly but steadily.
Gold production accounted for by far the greatest increase in value for any one metal or
material in 1934, followed in order by lead, silver, zinc, copper, coal, and miscellaneous metals,
minerals, and materials,. The output of structural materials showed a s'light decline in value.
Gold production established an all-time high in both volume and value. Lead established
an all-time high in volume production and zinc fell just short of the all-time high volume
production attained in 1930.
During the year some of the larger operations brought their production back to capacity,
several operations increased their milling capacity, and a number of properties were brought
into production.
The number of shipping metalliferous mines- increased from 109 in 1933 to 145 in 1934, and
those shipping over 100 tons increased from 47 to 69.
It is estimated that during the year 12,985 men were employed in all branches of the mining
industry.    This is an increase of 1,610 over the number employed in 1933.
The following list shows the dividends declared by companies engaged in the mining industry
in the Province during 1933 and 1934:—
Company. 1933. 1034.
The   Consolidated   Mining   and   Smelting   Co.   of
Canada, Ltd      $975,807 $1,952,794
Premier Gold Mining Co.. Ltd        650,985 600,000
Howe Sound Co.*         562,749 1,421,373
Bell  13,800 29,401
Crow's Nest Pass Coal Co., Ltd  12.091 248,472
Pioneer Gold Mines of B.C., Ltd        735,735 1,226,225
Bralorne Mines, Ltd  625,000
Highland Lass, Ltd  21,564 46,208
Others   61,753 17,805
Totals   $3,034,484 $6,167,27S
Details of production, etc., of the mining industry are set out in Tables Nos. 1 to 17.
GENERAL SITUATION.
With the close of 1934 it is evident that the mineral industry of the Province is1 approaching
more stable conditions and that an increase in 1935 comparable to that of 1934 is not to be
expected.    The fact that mine production for the past eighteen months has been very steady is
* The Howe Sound Company is the holding company for the Britannia mine in British Columbia and
the El Potosi and Calera mines in Mexico. Dividends paid by this company are therefore derived from the
profits on operation of all three mines, so that only part of the dividends paid, as shown, can be credited
to the Britannia mine.
PROVINCIAL LIBRARY
VICTORIA, B. C. A 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
sufficient reason for such a statement. However, to forecast future production even for the
present year, under existing, rapidly changing world conditions', is a matter of considerable
speculation. Such a forecast is considered to be of sufficient importance to merit the attempt
which may be best accomplished by treating the major branches of the industry separately.
With the bringing into production of a number of old and new gold properties and increased
production in some of the established mines, it is reasonable to anticipate increased volume.
The present price of gold is slightly higher than the average price for 1934 and there seems
every reason to believe that the average price for 1935 will be higher than that for 1934.
Therefore, with an increased production for gold and an increase in value, it is anticipated that
the value of gold production in 1935 will be appreciably higher than in 1934.
In the case of silver it is interesting to note that the past records in volume and also
value production have not been due to extremely high prices for the metal and that production
was fairly steady from 1896 to 1921 in spite of wide fluctuations in price. The sudden rise in
the volume of silver produced came in 1922 with the sudden rise in the production of lead and
zinc, and the future of silver volume production will depend largely on the markets for the base
metals. However, s'ilver camps such as the Slocan respond to the rise and fall in the price
for the metal. It is worthy of note that in the peak years of silver production in the Slocan
the value of lead produced was not far below that of silver. Under existing conditions, little
or nothing can be obtained for the lead content of these ores, so that for the immediate future
production will have to be estimated on the silver content only. Even under such conditions an
appreciable increase in silver production may be anticipated. The price of silver at the close
of the year is appreciably higher than the average price throughout the year, and it is anticipated
that the average price for 1935 will probably be somewhat higher than the price at the close
of the year.
Copper production in 1935, so far as it can be foreseen, is likely to show a marked decline,
due to the announcement that the Granby operation at Anyox will probably be closed down some
time during the year.
The volume of lead production is likely to remain about the same. The present price of
the metal is low beyond reason, and while the price of 1926 may never again be reached, a
reasonable appreciation in value should be attained within the next few years. The price of
the metal at the close of the year was lower than the average price for the year, and it is
anticipated that a slight increase in the price of lead may be realized during 1935.
While it is anticipated that the volume of zinc will be maintained, due to a demand for
electrolytic zinc, and the position which the British Columbia metal has won in world markets
in spite of keen competition, it is not anticipated that any appreciable increase in the price
of the metal will be realized.
Coal has shown in 1934 an increase of 6.5 per cent, over 1933, and if 1935 shows a slight
increase, it seems to be a reasonable estimate.
Structural materials should by the end of the year show a marked increase in production.
Miscellaneous metals and materials are not expected to show the marked increase in 1935
over 1934 which has been achieved in 1934 as compared with 1933, but a slight increase is
considered reasonable.
During the last eighteen months there is an apparent increase in production of a million
dollars for every six months. If this increase is maintained throughout 1935 the estimated value
of the mineral production will be about $44,500,000. It is obvious from the foregoing that several
things must be considered in arriving at an estimate of the mineral production for 1935. The
closing-down of the Granby operation at Anyox, if effected, may mean a loss to the mining
industry of from $2,000,000 to $3,000,000. It is anticipated, however, that this loss will be more
than offset by the increased value of gold production, and that therefore the estimate of
$44,500,000 for the year would seem to be within reason.
METHOD OF COMPUTING PRODUCTION.
The total mine production of the Province consists of the outputs of metalliferous minerals,
coal, structural materials, and miscellaneous metals, minerals, and materials, valued at standard
recognized prices in Canadian funds.
In the Annual Report for 1925 some changes were made in the methods used in previous
years in computing and valuing the products of the industry, but in order to facilitate com- THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 9
parisons with former years the same general style of tables was adhered to. The methods used
in the 1925 Annual Report have been followed in subsequent Annual Reports, with the addition
of new tables, the first of which, Table No. I., appeared in the 1933 Annual Report, in order to
present additional or more informative data.
For the 1934 Annual Report, Table VI., which formerly tabulated the yield of placer gold
only, has been drawn up to show both placer- and lode-gold values. This will facilitate a rapid
view of the total gold production of the Province. Another new table, No. XVII., includes
" Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or more Men." Incorporated in this table,
additional data are presented showing the number of operating clays at mine and mill, and also
tonnage mined and milled. A subsection of the table shows operating days and average men
employed at non-shipping mines employing ten or more men.
Table I. presents in summary form the mine statistics of the Province in a form that permits
ready comparisons being made with tables of similar design presented annually by the Dominion
Bureau of Statistics and other Provincial Statistical Bureaus.
An important change is made in Table I. for 1934, which embodies comparative figures for
1933. In Table I. of the 1933 Annual Report, which also gave comparative figures for 1932. gold
production as set forth is valued at the old standard price of $20.671834 per fine ounce, and
placer gold value converted to fine ounces at that figure also. In order to show the value of
gold in Canadian funds, the calculated so-called " premium" was shown in the table as
" Exchange equalization on gold." Commencing with the 1934 Annual Report, all gold will
be valued at the yearly average of the current price of gold per fine ounce in Canadian funds.
In the 1934 Annual Report all tables in which the value of gold enters and covering production for the years 1932, 1933, and 1934 are shown with production valued at the yearly average
price of gold and not the old standard price. The only tables not brought up to date in this
regard are Tables VII. and VIII. but these will be corrected in the 1935 Annual Report.
The following notes explain the methods used:—
(1.) From the certified returns of lode mines of ore and concentrate shipments made during
the full calendar year by the producers the net recovered metal contents have been determined
by deducting from the "assay value content" necessary corrections for smelting and refining
losses.
In making comparisons of production figures with previous years, it should be remembered
that prior to 1925 in the Annual Reports the total metal production, with the exception of copper,
was determined by taking the assay value content of all ores shipped ; deductions for slag losses
were made by taking varying percentages off the metal prices.
(2.) Gold-placer returns are received from the operators in dollars and the dollar value
for the years 1932, 1933. and 1934 were converted to fine ounces at $20.07 ; previously the price
of $17 an ounce, which is believed to represent the average value of placer gold throughout the
Province, at the old valuation of gold, was used to convert the dollar value to ounces.
(3.) The prices used in valuing the different metals are: For gold, the average price for
the year ; for silver, the average New York metal-market price for the year; for lead, the
average London metal-market price for the year; and for zinc, the average London metal-
market price for the year. As in 1933, copper in 1934 is valued at the average London metal-
market price. Prior to 1932 copper was valued at the average New York price. The change
.was made because very little copper was being marketed in the United States on account of
high tariff charges against importations from foreign countries. The bulk of the lead and zinc
production of the Province is sold on the basis of the London prices of these metals and they are
therefore used. The New York, St. Louis, and Montreal lead- and zinc-market prices differ
materially from the London prices of these metals and are not properly applicable to the valuing
of  the British  Columbia  production.
By agreement with the Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the Provincial Statistical
Bureaus, the following procedure of taking care of the exchange fluctuations has been agreed
upon :—
(a.)  Silver to be valued at the average Now York price, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate.
(6.)  Lead, zinc, and copper to be valued at London prices, adjusted to Canadian funds
at the average exchange rate. A 10
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
The following table shows the average metal-market prices from 1930 to 1934 in Canadian
funds:—
Average Metal-market Prices for 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, and 1934.
Year.
Copper.
Lead.
Zinc.
(New York).
London.
New York.
London.
New York.
London.
St. Louis.
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
Cents per Oz.
* 38.154
* 28.700
* 31.671
* 37.8328
* 47.461
Cents per Lb.
* 6.3802
* 7.4548
* 7.419
Cents per Lb.
* 12.982
* 8.116
5.555
7.025
7.271
Cents per Lb.
* 3.9273
* 2.7101
* 2.1136
* 2.3916
* 2.436
Cents per Lb.
5.517
4.243
3.180
3.869
3.860
Cents per Lb. j Cents per Lb.
* 3.5999
* 2.554
* 2.4056
* 3.2105
* 3.044
4.556
3.640
2.876
4.029
4.158
* Prices used in compiling total metal valuations in 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, and 1934 Annual Reports.
Gold average price in 1934 was $34.50 ;   in 1933, $28.60 ;   and in 1932 was $23.47.
(4.) In 1926 a change was made in computing coal and coke statistics. The practice in
former years had been to list coal and coke production (in part) as primary mineral production.
Only the coke made in bee-hive ovens was so credited; that made in by-product ovens was not
listed as coke, but the coal used in making this coke was credited as coal production. The result
was that the coke-production figures were incomplete. Starting with the 1926 Annual Report,
the standard practice of the Bureau of Statistics, Ottawa, has been adopted. This consists of
crediting all coal produced, including that used in making coke, as primary mine production.
Coke-making is considered a manufacturing industry. As it is, however, of interest to the
mining industry, a table included in the Report shows the total coke produced in the Province,
together with by-products, and the values given by the producers. This valuation of coke is
not, of course, included in the total gross mine production of the Province.
From 1918 to 1930 coal production was valued at $5 per long ton. In 1931 the price used
was $4.50, and in 1932, 1933, and 1934 the price used has been $4.25 per long ton. In making
comparisons with former years the decline in dollar value is accentuated by this lowered price. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 11
TABLE I.—British Columbia Mine Production, 1933 and 1934.
Quantity,
1933.
Quantity,
1934.
Value,
1933.
Value,
1934.
Per Cent.
Increase (+) or
Decrease ( —).
Quantity.
Value.
Metallics.
$
77,796
78,733
3,176,341
6,392,929
562,787
6,495,731
1,400
2,650,720
6,291,416
$
297,771
91,019
3,567,401
10,250,985
714,431
8,461,859
2,051
4,068,792
7,546,893
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ 282.8
+   15.6
+   12.3
+  60.4
Copper  lb.
42,608,002
223,529
23,928
271,606,071
40
7,006,406
195,963,751
48,084.658
297,130
25,181
347,366,967
53
8,572,916
247,926,844
12.9
32.9
5.2
27.9
32.5
22.4
26.5
Lead  lb.
Silver  oz.
Zinc  lb.
+  26.9
+  30.3
+  46.5
+  53.5
+   19.9
Totals	
25,727,853
35,001,202
4-   36.4
Fuel.
Coal  (2,240 lb.) tons
1,264,746
1,347,090
5,375,171
5,725,133
+
6.5
+     6.5
Non-metallics.
410
130,818
46,004
1,485
853
4,670
4,572
3,350
282,078
287
89,732
87,982
1,600
2,045
2,318
7,187
7,281
361,812
-
—   30.0
Fluxes—limestone, quartz—.tons
63,954
63,863
0.14
-   31.4
+  91.2
+     7.7
4-139.7
—   50.4
+
+
+
Slate  (crushed), talc tons
Sodium carbonate, magnesium
sulphate  tons
Sulphurf  tons
317
378
30,010
484
506
37,367
52.7
33.9
24.5
4-   57.2
+ 117.3
+  28.3
Totals 	
474,240
560,243
+   18.1
Clay Products and other
Structural Materials.
Clay Products.
Brick—
Common  No.
Face, paving, sewer brick...No.
2,440,380
290,547
2,765,307
180,610
32,866
8,626
69.094
7,993
6,824
41,335
5,680
2,390
35,122
6,815
81,864
7,737
9,549
42,440
7,171
2,512
+
12.9
37.8
+     6.9
- 20.9
+   18.5
- 3.2
+   39.9
Fireclay  tons
1,024
513
49.9
Drain-tile, sewer-pipe  No.
603,115
569,297
5.6
+     2.7
+  26.3
+     5.1
Totals 	
174,808
193.224
+  10.5
Other Structural Materials.
225,342
189,116
261,313
38,414
136,415
232,009
195,363
249,129
56,491
92,503
+
+
+     2.9
+     3.3
—     4.7
Lime and limestone tons
49,787
62,124
30.8
Stone — building, grindstones
2,337
150,086
3,099
100,428
32.6
33.0
+   47.0
-   32.2
Rubble,  riprap,   crushed  rock
 tons
Totals 	
850.600
825,495
—     2.9
Total value in Canadian
32,602,672
42,305,297
+  29.8
* Canadian funds.
t Sulphur content of pyrites shipped and estimated sulphur contained in sulphuric acid made from waste
smelter-gases. A 12
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
TABLE II.—Total Production for all Years up to and including 1934.
Gold, placer   $80,553,701*
Gold, lode   164,792,126*
Silver  : '.  113,660,526
Copper   2S1,084,589
Lead  190,096,523
Zinc    111,469,660
Coal and coke   355,601,791
Structural materials   69,832,158
Miscellaneous minerals, etc  8,746,329
Total  $1,376,437,403
Canadian funds.
TABLE III.—Production for each Year from 1S52 to 1934 (inclusive).
1852 to 1895 (inclusive)       $94,547,
1896
1897
1898
1899
1900
1901
1902
1903
1904
1905
1906
1907
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
1915
594,547,241
1916
7,507,956
1917
10,455,268
1918
10,906,861
1919
12,393,131
1920
16,344,751
1921
20,086,780
1922
17,486,550
1923
17,495,954
1924
18,977,359
1925
22,461,325
1926
24,980,546
1927
25,882,560
1928
23,851,277
1929
24,443,025
. 1930
26,377,066
1931
23,499,072
1932
32,440,800
1933
30,296,398
1934
26,388,825
29.447.50S
$42,290,462
37,010,392
41,782,474
33,296,313
35,543,084
28,066,641
35,158,843
41,304,320
48,704,604
61,492,242
67,188,842
60,729,358
65,372,583
68,245,443
55,391,993
34,883,181
*28,798,403
*32.602,672
*42.305.297
Total $1,370,437,403
* Canadian funds.
TABLE IV.—Quantities and Value of Mine Products for 1932, 1933, and 1934.
Description.
1932.
Quantity.        Value.
1933.
Quantity.        Value
1934.
Quantity.        Value
Gold, placer*   oz.
Gold,  lode*   .'. oz.
Silver  oz.
Copper lb.
Lead  lb.
Zinc  lb.
Coal  tons, 2,240 lb.
Structural materials 	
Miscellaneous metals and minerals....
Totals	
20,400
181.564
7,130,838
49,841,009
254,488,952
192,120.091
1,534,975
$395,542
4,261,307
2,258,453
3,179,956
5,378,878
4,621,641
6,523,644
1,698,839
480,146
23,928
223,529
7,006,406
42,608,002
271,606,071
195,963,751
1.264,746
$28,798,406
$562,787
6,392,929
2,650,720
3,176.341
6,495,731
6,291,416
5,375,171
1,024,045
633,532
$327602^72
25,181
297,130
8,572.916
48,084,658
347,366,967
247,926,844
1,347,090
$714,431
10,250,985
4,068,792
3,567,401
8,461,859
7,546,893
5,725,133
1,017,141
952,662
$42,305,297
* Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 13
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"rlHHHHHrlHHrirliHHHrlHHHHHHrtTHniHHHr-HH A 14
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
TABLE VI.—Value of Gold Production to Date.
Year.
Placer.
Lode.
Total.
1858-1862	
$9,871,634
16,283,592
9,895,318
9,019,201
5,579,911
3,841,515
2,525,426
356,131
405,516
481,683
544,026
513,520
643,346
1,344,900
1,278,724
970100
1,073,140
1,060,420
1,115,300
969,300
94S,400
828,000
647,000
477,000
540,000
426,000
555,500
510,000
565,000
770,000
580,500
496,000
320,000
286,500
221,600
233,200
364,800
420,000
420,750
280,092
355,503
156,247
143,208
118,711
152,235
291,992
395,542
562,787
714,431
$9,871,634
1863-1867	
16,283,592
1868-1872	
9,895,318
1873-1877	
9,019,201
1878-1882 	
5,579,911
1883-1887	
3,841,515
1888-1892 	
2,525,426
1893   . ....	
$23,404
125,014
785,271
1,244,180
2,122,820
2,201,217
2,857,573
3,453,381
4,348,603
4,888,269
4,812.616
4,589,608
4,933,102
4,630,639
4,055,020
5,282,880
4,924,090
5,533,380
4,725,513
5,322,442
5,627,490
5,109,004
5,167,934
4,587,334
2,367,190
3,403,812
3,150,645
2,481,392
2,804,154
4,089,684
3,704,994
5,120,535
4,335,269
4,163,859
3,679,601
3,888,097
3,004,419
3,323,576
3,018,894
4,261,307
6,392,929
10,250,985
379,535
1894	
530,530
1895	
1896	
1,266,954
1,788,206
1897    	
2,636,340
2,844,563
1898	
1899	
4,202,473
1900	
4,732,105
1901   	
5,318,703
1902 	
5,961,409
1903 	
5,873,036
1904 	
5,704,908
5,902,402
5,579,039
1905 	
1906 t	
1907 	
4,883,020
5,929,880
5,401,090
6,073,380
5 151 513
1908 	
1909 	
1910 	
1911 	
1912	
5,877,942
6,137,490
5,674,004
5.937,934
5,167,834
2,863,190
3,723,812
3,437,145
1913 	
1914  :	
1915	
1916 	
1917	
1918 	
1919	
1920 	
2,702,992
3,037,354
1921 	
1922 ,	
4,454,484
4,124,994
5,541,285
4,615,361
4,519,362
3 S35 848
1923  !	
1924 	
1925 	
1926 	
1927	
1928	
4,031,305
3,123,130
3,475,811
3.310,886
4,656,849*
6,955,716*
10,965,416*
1929	
1930	
1931	
1932	
1933	
1934	
Totals	
$80,553,701
$164,792,126
$245,345,827
* Canadian funds. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 15
TABLE VII.—Output of Mine Products by Districts and Divisions.
Names.
Divisions.
1932.
1933.
1934.
Districts.
1932.
1933.
1934.
North-western District (No. 1)..
Atlin, Stikine, and Liard	
Nass River	
Portland Canal	
Skeena, Queen Charlotte, and
Bella Coola	
North-eastern District  (No. 2)...
Cariboo and Quesnel	
Omineca and Peace River	
Central District (No. 3)	
Nicola and Vernon	
Vale, Ashcroft, and Kamloops..
Clinton*	
Southern District (No. 4)	
Grand Forks, Greenwood, and
Osoyoos	
Similkameen	
Eastern District  (No. 5)	
Fort Steele	
Windermere and Golden	
Ainsworth	
Slocan and Slocan City	
Nelson and Arrow Lake	
Trail Creek	
Revelstoke and Lardeau	
Western District (No. 6)	
Nanaimo, Alberni, Clayoquot,
Quatsino, and Victoria (Vancouver Island)	
Vancouver, New Westminster,
and Lillooet	
Tale,   Ashcroft,  and   Clinton
(Mainland)	
Totals	
152,944
2,600,927
2,098,713
43,186
147,910
37,685
120,692
156,234
12,158
759,803
757,800
13,834,116
18,323
21,761
9,883
267,132
303,348
32,500
4,015,717
2,850,786
28,241,618
$
202,003
3,844,067
1,459,119
71,569
307,670
48,739
131,516
06,235
4,475
406,299
632,829
15,951,647
424,635
21,214
30,051
573,854
594,730
12,600
3,042,605
3,818,629
30,674,486
184,510
3,022,821
1,159,406
89,459
421,817
63,916
186,920
294,368
573,470
509,438
20,033,239
1,359,553
47,422
81,258
971,606
1,398,328
6,325
2,959,804
4,415,291
131,229
37,910,180
$
4,895,770
185,595
289,084
4,570,758
356,409
232,226
1,517,603 I     1,039,128
14,487,063
17,608,731
6,866,503       6,861,234
28,241,618
4,456,196
485,733
481,288
1,082,908
23,897,731
7,506,324
30,674,486
37,910,180f
* Yale, Ashcroft, and Clinton Mining Divisions included in No. 6 District  (Mainland section)  from and
including 1934.
t Gold production included in totals in above table is valued at old standard price of $20.671834, A 16
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
TABLE VIIL—
Production in Detail of
Placer Gold, Lode
DISTRICTS  AND  DIVISIONS.
TEAR.
TONS.
GOLD—
-PLACER.
GOLD-
—LODE.
silver.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
Ounces.
Value.
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
1933
1934
$
$
$
30
1
11,299
10,039
251
376
200
314
192,083
170,663
4,267
6,392
3,400
5,338
103
58
2,129
1,199
64
38
24
18
1,540,187
1,889,748
187,164
158,857
1,629
5,726
400
4,382
4,761
50,089
39,146
1,298
3,693
53
90,584
98,419
1,035,432
809,219
26,832
76,341
1,096
257,854
280,026
1,029,606
687,261
357
1,314
25
97,553
132,903
389,529
326,181
135
624
10
76
62
65
98
2
1,292
1,054
1,105
1,666
34
19,769
30,554
4,897
3,848
2,772
5,358
699
1,365
300
240
83,249
65,416
47,124
91,086
11,883
23,205
5,100
4,080
7,660
11,853
158,346
245,023
823
1,333
311
633
26
2,358
82
547
1,695
11,307
15
4,528
6
2,149
9
6,095
390
3,159
43
11,316
34
777
119
1,183
194
7,819
703
16,062
2,459
24,455
4.010
161,633
1,053
25,182
18
118
63
68
249
155
1,071
1,156
4,233
2,635
56
494
235
3,720
322
3,627
29,808
2,605
8,718
3,144
540
427
4,339
1,799
3,732
04,992
11,163
8,827
89,695
37,189
77,147
3,005
11,691
558,472
631,254
2,695
3,649
5,549
250
162
4,250
2,754
299,599
2
300
346
34
5,100
5,882
1,732
431
3
62
4,896
2,324
1,401,101
1,744,179
052
804
3 5
37
11
32
32
49
11,084
13,668
595
629
187
544
544
833
12
11
248
227
4,921,950
6,375,663
3,025,953
35,612
94,880
53,846
170,239
34,108
47,240
96,431
638
879
48.334
104,395
20,371
80,797
3,358
783
1,905
23
311
44,051
51,865
20
12
37
19
207
23,289
37,849
413
248
765
393
4,279
481,427
782,408
16,188
45,767
9
152
154
7
2
71
88
281
35
50
163
153
2,584
2,618
119
34
1,207
1,496
4,777
595
850
2,771
417
18,286
49,547
5
11,960
43,088
4
9,313
28,033
83
192,517
579,494
380
12,273
40,850
180
4.843
19,388
 1
1
2
3
41
62
2
3
1
2
Western District  (No. 6)	
2
75
	
4
9
.. .    . 25
68
153
425
68
255
323
2
36
41
744
7
122
3
58
40
29
48
4
15
19
116
49
166
2,398
1,013
3,432
23
31
189
11
12
89
Victoria	
6
38
407
434
225
247
320
248
 105
102
646
6,919
7,378
3,825
4,199
5,440
4,216
1,785
3,264
1,819
3,128
154,242
230,097
108,298
133,716
2,238,718
2,764,155
24,668
32,076
9,333
15,224
Clinton*	
3,330
657
7,217
745
330
3,597
15,401
6,822
74,357
945
638
6,880
449
241
3,265
Yale*	
140
192
107
184
36
744
7
3
622,718
759,702
12,819
14,103
264,992
291,535
42,702
57,942
3 6,189
27,499
Totals	
1933
1934
4,030,778
5,087,334
..23,928
25,181
400,776
428,077
223.529
297,130
4,020,754
6,142,222
7,006,406
8,572,916
2,650,720
4,068,792
* Previous to 1934 Yale, Ashcroft, and Clinton included in No. 3 (Central) District. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 17
Gold, Silver, Copper, Lead, and Zinc in 1933 and 1934.
COPPER.
LEAD.
ZINC.
TOTALS  FOR
DIVISIONS.
TOTALS FOR
DISTRICTS
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
Pounds.
Value.
1933.
1934.
1934.
$
$
$
$
$
$
4,404,335
194,236
171,880
4,267
6,392
3,400
5,338
34,416,459
2,565,078
2,750,290
2,218
484
4
22
2,753,815
37,070,906
2,981,612
29,749
731,435
725,164
17,493
17,665
2,400
192,406
77
5,857
1,444,749
6,519
1,159,406
53
28,263
293
78,041
2,211
1,666
34
443,128
241,900
	
311,072
	
47,124
91,086
 I     	
13,584
5,556
135
3,089
94
36,890
5,100
4,080
227,141
7,762
178,223
180
4,342
1,200
40,681
39
1,238
1,326
33,594
3,537
25,667
848
63
3,377
8,306
45,525
167,880
524,610
7,215
172
16,498
529
66,830
16,712
381,175
446,652
112
9,116
10,880
3
516,262
540,565
10,575
16,455
250,054
419,383
38,212
460
34
78,947
5,100
44,191
1,077
7,339
223
5,782,645
6,453,280
	
9,568
20,448,319
260,369,484
322,000,000
6,226,996
7,843,920
	
180,116,639
212,000,000
	
13,883,085
17,337,048
595
 1     	
629
8,108,250
19,897,650
193,917
484,707
	
6,270,700
25,817,204
201,321
785,876
415,790
1,351,924
544
344,068
329,095
724,011
8,382
7,871
17,637
168,718
106,710
401,286
5,136
3,420
12,215
30,952
29,417
76,384
634
294
698,904
1,922,050
7
10,715
46,821
	
577
987,070
2,438,576
18
31,689
74,230
4,874
550,701
9,001
668
956,292
119
175
486
4
12
140
825
4
27
305
331,514
24,713
86,103
223,119
1,160,568
686,481
4,777
       I        -
595
46
1
893
2,835
4,167,711
112
955
425
2,477
1,280
3,844
102
646
2,254,970
250
6
2,786,763
	
3,825
3,644
270
12
566
20,319
158
12,515
7,624
82,404
1,785
4,011
1,819
1,143,171
3,128
7,829,221
583,653
725,587
972,107
1,078,683
23,249
26,276
7,945,435
6,316,263
255,088
192,267
	
9,780,118
1,263,164[     	
42,608,002
3,176,341
3,567,401
271,606,071
347,366,967
6,495,731
8,461,859
195,963,751
247,926,844
6,291,416
7,546,893
23,641,738
      I
48,084,658
30,215,244
30,215,244
Gold production in above table is valued at old standard price of $20.671834.
2 A 18
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
TABLE IX.—Coal Production per Year to Date.*
0
1836-1885      3,
1886	
1887	
1888	
1889	
1890	
1891      1
1892	
1893	
1894      1
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898      1,
1899      1.
1900      1,
1901      1,
1902      1,
1903      1,
1904      1,
1905      1,
1906      1,
1907      1,
1908      1,
1909      2,
1910      2,
Tons
,240 1b.)
029,011
326,636
413,360
489,301
579,830
678,140
029,097
826,335
978,294
012,953
939,654
896,222
882,854
135,865
306,324
439,595
460,331
397,394
168,194
253,628
384,312
517,303
800,067
677,849
006,476
800,046
Value.
$9,468,557
979.908
1,240,080
1,467,903
1,739,490
2.034,420
3,087,291
2,479,005
2,934,882
3,038,859
2,818,962
2,688,666
2,648,562
3,407,595
3,918,972
4,318,785
4,380,993
4,192,182
3,504,582
3,760,884
4,152,936
4,551,909
6,300,235
5,872,472
7,022,606
9,800,161
. (2
1911  2,
1912  2,
1913  2,
1914  1.
1915  1,
1916  2,
1917  2,
1918  2,
1919  2,
1920  2,
1921  2
1922  2,
1923  2,
1924  1
1925  2
1926  2
1927....  2,
1928  2,
1929..
1930..
1931-
1932..
1933-
1934..
Tons
240 1b.)
193,062
628,804
137,483
810,967
611,129
084,093
149,975
302,245
267,541
595,125
483,995
511,843
453,223
939,526
328,522
330,036
453,827
526,702
251,252
887,130
707,590
534,975
264,746
347,090
Totals    83,229,952
Value.
$7,675,717
9,200,814
7,481,190
6,338,385
5,638,952
7,294,325
7,524,913
11,511,225
11,337,705
12,975,625
12,419,975
12,559,215
12,266,115
9,697,630
11,642,610
11,650,180
12,269,135
12,633,510
11,256,260
9,435,650
7,684,155
6,523,644
5,375,171
5,725,133
$329,928,191
* For all years to 1925  (inclusive)  figures are net coal production and do not include coal made into
coke ;   subsequent figures are entire coal production, including coal made into coke.
TABLE X.—Coke Production from Bee-hive Ovens in British Columbia
from 1895 to 1925.
Tons Value.
(2,2401b.)
1895-97  19,396 $96,980
1898 (estimated)  35,000 175,000
1899  34,251 171,255
1900  85,149 425,745
1901  127,081 635,405
1902  128,015 640,075
1903  165,543 827,715
1904  238,428 1,192,140
1905  271,785 1,358,925
1906  199,227 996,135
1907  222,913 1,337,478
1908  247,399 1,484,394
1909  258,703 1,552,218
1910  218,029 1,308,174
1911  66,005 396,030
1912  264,333 1,585,998
Tons
(2,240 1b.)
1913  286,045
1914  234,577
1915  245,871
1916  267,725
1917 ! 159,905
1918  188,967
1919   91,138
1920   67,792
1921..
1922..
1923..
1924..
1925-
59,434
45,835
58,919
30,615
75,185
Totals 4,393,255
Value.
$1,716,270
1,407,462
1,475,226
1,606,350
959,430
1,322,769
637,966
474,544
416,038
320,845
412,433
214,305
526,295
$25,673,600
TABLE XL—Coke and By-products Production of British Columbia, 1933 and 1934.
Description.
1933.
1934.
Quantity.
Value.
Quantity.
Value.
Coal used in making coke, long tons	
Coke made in bee-hive ovens, long tons	
Coke made in by-product ovens, long tons	
Coke made in gas plants, long tons	
Total coke made, long tons	
Gas produced	
Tar produced	
Other by-products	
Total production value of coke industry
95,907
$554,152
5,445
21,667
30,802
$44,813
213,750
214,454
57,914
$473,017
1,473,433
11,270
38,006
$1,995,726
126,256
$644,167
22,182
20,996
28,614
$154,182
213,653
197,997
71,792
$565,832
1,439,287
43,266
4,976
$2,053,361 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 19
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A 21
BRITISH COLUMBIA  MINE  PRODUCTION,  1894-1934.
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Production in above graph is valued in Canadian funds. A 22
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1934.
PRODUCTION  OP LODE  MINES  IN BRITISH  COLUMBIA,   1912-1934.
320
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A 23
TABLE XIV.—Men employed in the Miking Industry of British Columbia, 1934.
o> C
si
Lode-mining.
a
g c
u
COAL-MIN
IXG.
Structural
Materials.
a)
s s
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No. 1	
No. 2	
262
460
60
55
180
105
584
186
62
249
896
819
234
119
41
176
480
679
818
305
103
425
1,376
1,498
115
15
13
54
344
90
350
2,540
9
75
252
551
1,163
2
34
131
203
473
11
109
383
754
1,636
8
22
60
21
36
230
5
3
2
177
12
3
5
9
103
228
1,565
816
No. 3	
355
No. 4	
950
5,335
No. 6	
3,964
Totals—
1934	
1,122
1,134
2,796
1,786
1,729
1,335
4,525
3,121
631
531
2,890
2,436
2,050
2,241
843
853
2,893
3,094
377
376
187
269
360
408
12,985
1933
11,369
TABLE XV.—Tonnage, Numbeb of Mines, and Net Value of Lode Minerals, 1934.
District.
Tonnage.
No. of Shipping Mines,
1934.
No. of Mines
shipping over
100 Tons.
Net Value
to Shipper of
Lode Minerals
produced.
No. 1	
2,054,332
32,912
20,570
39,279
1,939,592
1,000,649
11
5
4
29
78
18
0
3
3
15
34
8
$3,038,306
No. 2	
429,250
No. 3	
323,378
No. 4	
535,218
No. 5	
10,300,114
No. 6	
5,617,012
Totals	
5,087,334
145
69
$20,243,278 A 24
REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1934.
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REPORT OP THE MINISTER OP MINES, 1934.
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REPORT OP THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
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C THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 29
TABLE XVII.—Mining Companies employing an Average op Ten ok more Men during 1934.
Shipping Mines.
Name of Mine or Company.
Days Operating.
Mine.
Mill.
Average Number
of Men.
Mine.
Mill.
Tonnage.
Mined.
Milled or
Shipped.
Dunwell Mines,  Ltd	
Premier Gold Mining Co	
United Empire	
Granny Cons. M.S. & P. Co.—
Hidden Creek	
Bonanza	
Granby Point	
Timmins, Inc., Surf Point	
Cariboo Gold Quartz	
Island Mountain Mines Co	
Columario Cons. Gold	
Windpass Gold Mine Co	
Pre Cambrian Gold Mines	
Nicola Mines & Metals	
Union Mine	
Beaver Silver Mines, Ltd	
Bell Mine	
Butcher Boy	
Dentonia	
Highland Lass, Ltd	
Superior Gold Mines, Ltd	
Sally Mines, Ltd	
Waterloo Gold Mines, Ltd	
Wellington	
Grandoro  Mines,  Ltd	
Morning Star  (Fairview)	
Twin Lakes Gold Mining Co...
Sullivan	
Monarch	
Noble Five Mines, Ltd	
Gold Belt Mining Co	
Granite-Poorman	
Kootenay-Belle	
Ymir Consolidated	
Goodenough	
Relief-Arlington.	
Reno Gold Mines, Ltd	
Salmo Malartic, Ltd	
Wilcox Mining Syndicate	
Yankee  Girl	
Velvet Gold Mining Co .'.
Vancouver Island Gold	
Vidette Gold Mines, Ltd	
Grange Mines, Ltd	
Minto Gold Mines, Ltd	
Bralorne Mines,  Ltd	
Pioneer Gold Mines	
Wayside Gold Mines, Ltd	
Hercules Consolidated ...
Britannia M. & S. Co., Ltd	
334
235
306
306
365
362
362
363
362
340
311
365
365
56
56
365
90
365
364
354
167
334
168
99
164
300
299
352
365
241
310
61
61
308
334
300
365
347
308
254
299
313
342
341
365
365
307
304
29
92
273
305
365
365
365
305
264
193
214
60
276
330
277
365
365
305
34
365
365
365
365
365
54
280
289
165
20
217
33
454
53
15
21
106
41
25
29
S
44
5
10
15
10
28
11
20
21
15
15
26
33
35
547
56
15
17
13
26
30
16
43
85
12
8
34
6
12
40
28
28
125
180
25
28
350
15
26
68
7
11
9
7
5
6
8
16
31
251
24
11
25
6
6
9
14
16
7
159
0,361
154,693
1,744,524
133,476
13,948
7,814
28,447
2,894
2,300
9,005
3,154
0,095
22,610
3,504
5,471
1,764,211
96,200
2.S24
14,614
26,895
3,320
2,400
7,229
3,330
2,878
98,064
130,060
2,381
786,412
4,100
154,693
58
1,742,324
133,476
5,658
27,693
2,894
2,300
11,316
3,100
6,095
18,143*
102
1,823
56
22,464
1,107
3,419
475
59
559
546
2,652
5,471
1,741,742
94,880
164
291
563
1,615
222
4,039
11,663
26,895
18
1,660
13.906
2,553
40
7,217
3,330
1,439
98,664
130,198
513
18
759,697
* Tailing re-treated. A 30
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
TABLE XVII.-
-Mining Companies employing an Average of Ten or more Men
during 1934—Continued.
Non-shipping Mines.
Name of Mine or Company.
Days Operating.
Average Number
of Men.
Tonnage.
Mine.
Mill.
Mine.
Mill.
Mined.
Milled or
Shipped.
277
213
225
37
214
291
166
365
173
365
365
225
306
365
300
37
10
17
10
14
10
17
22
52
18
15
23
15
15
17
10
49
44
10
36
10
62
15
Northern Reef Gold Mines	
Radio Gold Mines, Ltd ,
Dictator Gold Mines, Ltd	
Monashee Mines Syndicate, Ltd.
Westko Ex. & Dev. Co	
B R X   Gold Mines,  Ltd	
245
365       |
305                	
Home Gold Mining Co., Ltd	
LECTURES TO PROSPECTORS.
A series of fourteen lectures on geology and mining was prepared by the Provincial
Mineralogist and presented by the Resident Mining Engineers and other instructors at the
following centres throughout the Province:—
Hazelton. Quesnel.
Prince George. Revelstoke.
Smithers. Rossland.
Lumberton. Victoria..
Moyie. Vernon.
North Vancouver. Winfleld.
Penticton. Williams Lake.
Prince Rupert. Kelowna.
Princeton. Ashcroft.
Premier. Vancouver.
The total average attendance at the lectures was 1,576.
This work was carried out in conjunction with the Department of Education. The lectures
were also used by the Department of Education in correspondence courses.
It is expected that the lectures will be given during the winter of 1935-36, and that the
course will be considerably improved by having adequate sets of rocks and minerals for the
instructors as well as a number of sets available for those attending the lectures.
Athalmer-Invermere.
Burnaby.
Castlegar.
Nelson.
Cranbrook.
Fort Steele.
Skookumchuck.
Wardner.
Fernie.
Michel-Natal.
GEOLOGICAL SURVEY.
By an arrangement made at the time the Province of British Columbia entered Confederation, all geological investigations and mapping in the Province were to be carried on by the
Geological Survey of Canada; this agreement has been fully adhered to by the Dominion
Government and has proved of great benefit to the mining industry of the Province. Each year
several geological parties are kept in the field and in the aggregate a vast amount of information THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 31
is made available to the prospector and the mining engineer in the many excellent reports and
maps covering British Columbia which have been issued by the Geological Survey of Canada.
For some years a branch office of the Geological Survey has been maintained in Vancouver,
where copies of maps and reports on British Columbia can be obtained. The officer in charge
of the British Columbia office is W. E. Coekfield and the address is 512 Winch Building,
Vancouver, B.C.
During the season of 1934 the Geological Survey of Canada had the following officers
employed on geological field-work in British Columbia: W. E. Coekfield conducted detailed
investigations in the Camp McKinney, Osoyoos, Fairview-Twin Lakes, and Vidette areas, and
at the property of B.C. Nickel Mines, Limited; C. E. Cairnes carried out a detailed survey of
the Cadwallader Creek area, Bridge River district; George Hanson completed geological mapping
of the Willow River area, Cariboo district; F. A. Kerr made a reconnaissance survey along the
Prince Rupert branch of the Canadian National Railway east and west of Prince George; J. F.
Walker spent part of the season on a reconnaissance survey in the vicinity of Cranbrook.
W. Spence carried out detailed topographic mapping of the Cadwallader Creek area, Bridge
River district, and R. Bartlett completed topographic mapping of the Willow River area,
Cariboo district. A 32
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
SYNOPSIS OF MINING LAWS OF B.C.
BY
Robert Dunn.
Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
The mining laws of British Columbia are very liberal in their nature and compare favourably with those of any other part of the world. The terms under which both lode and placer
claims and placer leaseholds are held are such that a prospector is greatly encouraged in his
work, and the titles, especially for mineral claims and placer-mining leaseholds, are perfect.
The fees required to be paid are as small as possible, consistent with a proper administration of
the mining industry, and are generally lower than those commonly imposed elsewhere. Provision
is also made for the formation of mining partnerships practically without expense, and a party
of miners is enabled to take advantage of these sections of the Acts so that such miners may
work their claims jointly.
Placer-mining leases are granted for a period of twenty years and are approximately 80
acres in size. On a lode claim of 51 acres the expenditure of $500 in work, which may be spread
over five years, is required to obtain a Crown grant, and surface rights are obtainable at a small
figure, in no case exceeding $5 per acre.
The following synopsis of the mining laws will be found sufficient to enable the miner or
intending investor to obtain a general knowledge of their scope and requirements; for particulars, however, the reader is referred to the Acts relating to mining, which may be obtained
from any Mining Recorder, or from the Department of Mines or the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
Free Miners' Certificates.
Any person over the age of 18, and any joint-stock company, may obtain a free miner's
certificate on payment of the required fee.
The fee to an individual for a free miner's certificate is $5 for one year. To a joint-stock
company having a capital of $100,000, or less, the fee for a year is $50; if capitalized beyond
this, the fee is $100.
The free miners' certificates run from date of issue and expire on the 31st of May next
after its date, or some subsequent 31st day of May (that is to say, a certificate may be taken out
a year or more in advance if desired). Certificates may be obtained for any part of a year,
terminating on May 31st, for a proportionately less fee.
The possession of this certificate entitles the holder to enter upon all lands of the Crown,
and upon any other lands on which the right to so enter is not specially reserved, for the
purpose of prospecting for minerals, locating claims, and mining.
A free miner can only hold, by location, one mineral claim on the same vein or lode, but
may acquire others by purchase. Under the " Placer-mining Act," a free miner may locate one
placer claim or leasehold in his own name and one placer claim or leasehold for each of two
free miners for whom he acts as agent, on any separate creek, river-bed, bar or dry diggings.
Other placer claims or leaseholds may be acquired by purchase.
In the event of a free miner allowing his certificate to lapse, his mining property (if not
Crown-granted) reverts to the Crown (subject to the conditions set out in the next succeeding
paragraph), but where other free miners are interested as partners or co-owners the interest
of the defaulter becomes vested in the continuing co-owners or partners pro rata, according to
their interests.
Six months' extension of time within which to revive title in mining property which has
been forfeited through the lapse of a free miner's certificate is allowed. This privilege is given
only if the holder of the property obtains a special free miner's certificate within six months
after the 31st of May on which his ordinary certificate lapsed. The fee for this special certificate in the case of a person is $15 and in that of a company $300. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 33
It is not necessary for a shareholder, as such, in an incorporated mining company to be
the holder of a free miner's certificate.
Mineral Claims.
Mineral claims are located and held under the provisions of the " Mineral Act."
A mineral claim is a piece of land not exceeding in area fifty-one and sixty-five one-
hundredths acres. The angles must be right angles unless the boundaries, or one of them, are
the same as those of a previously recorded claim.
No special privileges are allowed for the discovery of new mineral claims or districts.
A mineral claim is located by erecting three " legal posts," which are stakes having a height
of not less than 4 feet above ground and squared 4 inches at least on each face for not less than
a foot from the top. A tree-stump so cut and squared also constitutes a legal post. A cairn of
stones not less than 4 feet in height and not less than 1 foot in diameter 4 feet above the ground
may also be used as a legal post.
The " discovery post" is placed at the point where the mineral in place is discovered,
Nos. 1 and 2 posts are placed as near as possible on the line of the ledge or vein, shown by
the discovery post, and mark the boundaries of the claim. Upon each of these three posts must
be written the name of the claim, the name of the locator, and the date of location. On No. 1
post, in addition, the following must be written:   " Initial post.    Direction of Post No. 2 [giving
approximate compass bearing}  feet of this claim lie on the right and feet on the
left of the line from No. 1 to No. 2 posts."
The location-line between Nos. 1 and 2 posts must be distinctly marked—in a timbered
locality by blazing trees and cutting underbrush, and in bare country by monuments of earth
or rock not less than 2 feet in diameter at the base, and at least 2 feet high—so that the line
can be distinctly seen.
Mineral claims must be recorded in the Mining Recorder's office for the mining division in
which they are situate within fifteen days from the date of location, one day extra being allowed
for each 10 miles of distance from the recording office after the first 10 miles. If a claim is
not recorded in time it is deemed abandoned and open for relocation, but if the original locator
wishes to relocate he can only do so by permission of the Gold Commissioner of the district
and upon the payment of a fee of $10. This applies also to a claim abandoned for any reason
whatever. «
Mineral claims are, until the Crown grant is issued, held practically on a yearly lease,
a condition of which is that during such year asssessment-work be performed on the same to the
value of at least $100, or a payment of such sum be made to the Mining Recorder. Such assessments must be recorded before the expiration of the year, or the claim is deemed abandoned.
If, however, the required assessment-work has been performed within the year, but not recorded
within that time, a free miner may, within thirty days thereafter, record such assessment-work
upon payment of an additional fee of $10. The actual cost of the survey of a mineral claim, to-
an amount not exceeding $100, may also be recorded as assessment-work. If, during any year,
work is done to a greater extent than the required $100, any further sum of $100—but not less—
may be recorded and counted as further assessments; such excess work must be recorded during
the year in which it is performed. All work done on a mineral claim between the time of its
location and recording may be counted as work done during the first period of one year from
the recording. As soon as assessment-work to the extent of $500 is recorded and a survey made
of the claim, the owner of a mineral claim is entitled to a Crown grant on payment of a fee
of $25, and giving the necessary notices required by the Act. Liberal provisions are also made
in the Act for obtaining mill-sites and other facilities in the way of workings and drains for the-
better working of claims.
Placer Claims.
Placer-mining is governed by the " Placer-mining Act," and by the interpretation clause its
scope is defined as " the mining of any natural stratum or bed of earth, gravel, or cement mined
for gold or other precious minerals or stones."    Placer claims are of four classes, as follows :—
" ' Creek diggings':   any mine in the bed of any stream or ravine:
" ' Bar diggings':   any mine between high- and low-water marks on a river, lake, or other
large body of water:
3 A 34 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
" ' Dry diggings ':  any mine over which water never extends:
" ' Precious-stone diggings ': any deposit of precious stones, whether in veins, beds, or gravel
deposits."
The following provisions as to extent of the various classes of claims are made by the
Act:—
" In ' creek diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet long, measured in the
direction of the general course of the stream, and shall extend in width one thousand
feet, measured from the general course of the stream five hundred feet on either side
of the centre thereof:
" In ' bar diggings ' a claim shall be:—
"(a.)  A piece of land not exceeding two hundred and fifty feet square on any bar
which is covered at high water;   or
"(6.)  A strip of land two hundred and fifty feet long at high-water mark, and in width
extending from high-water mark to extreme low-water mark:
" In ' dry diggings ' a claim shall be two hundred and fifty feet square."
The following provision is made for new discoveries of placer-mining ground:—
" If any free miner, or party of free miners, discovers a new locality for the prosecution of
placer-mining and such discovery be established to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner,
placer claims of the following sizes shall be allowed to such discoverers, namely:—
" To one discoverer, one claim    600 feet in length;
" To a party of two discoverers, two claims amounting together to 1,000 feet in length ;
" And to each member of a party beyond two in number, a claim of the ordinary size only.
" The width of such claims shall be the same as ordinary placer claims of the same class:
Provided that where a discovery claim has been established in any locality no further discovery
shall be allowed within five miles therefrom, measured along the watercourses."
Every placer claim shall be as nearly as possible rectangular in form, and marked by four
legal posts at the corners thereof, firmly fixed in the ground. On each of such posts shall be
written the name of the locator, the number and date of issue of his free miner's certificate, the
date of the location, and the name given to the claim. In timbered localities boundary-lines of
a placer claim shall be blazed so that the posts can be distinctly seen, underbrush cut, and
the locator shall also erect legal posts not more than 125 feet apart on all boundary-lines. In
localities where there is no timber or underbrush, monuments of earth and rock, not less than
2 feet high and 2 feet in diameter at base, may be erected in lieu of the last-mentioned legal
posts, but not in the case of the four legal posts marking the corners of the claim.
A placer claim must be recorded in the office of the Mining Recorder for the mining division
within which the same is situate, within fifteen days after the location thereof, if located within
10 miles of the office of the Mining Recorder by the most direct means of travel. One additional
day shall be allowed for every 10 miles additional or fraction thereof. The number of days
shall be counted inclusive of the days upon which such location was made, but exclusive of the
day of application for record. The application for such record shall be under oath and in the
form set out in the Schedule to the Act. A claim which shall not have been recorded within
the prescribed period shall be deemed to have been abandoned.
To hold a placer claim for more than one year it must be rerecorded before the expiration
of the record or rerecord.
A placer claim must be worked by the owner, or some one on his behalf, continuously, as
far as practicable, during working-hours. If work is discontinued for a period of seventy-two
hours, except during the close season, lay-over, leave of absence, sickness, or for some other
reason to the satisfaction of the Gold Commissioner, the claim is deemed abandoned.
Lay-overs are declared by the Gold Commissioner upon proof being given to him that the
supply of water is insufficient to work the claim. Under similar circumstances he has also the
power to declare a close season, by notice in writing and published in the Gazette, for all or
any claims in his district. Tunnel and drain licences are also granted by him on the person
applying giving security for any damage that may arise. Grants of right-of-way for the construction of tunnels or drains across other claims are also granted on payment of a fee of $25,
the owner of the claims crossed having the right for tolls, etc., on the tunnel or drain which may
be constructed. These tolls, however, are, so far as the amount goes, under the discretion of
the Gold Commissioner.
J THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 35
Co-owners and Partnerships.
In both the "Mineral" and " Placer-mining>" Acts provision is made for the formation of
mining partnerships, both of a general and limited liability character. These are extensively
taken advantage of and have proved very satisfactory in their working. Should a co-owner
fail or refuse to contribute his proportion of the expenditure required as assessment-work on
a claim he may be " advertised out," and his interest in the claim shall become vested in his
co-owners who have made the required expenditure, pro rata according to their former interests.
It should not be forgotten that if any co-owner permit his free miner's certificate to lapse,
the title of his associates is not prejudiced, but his interest reverts to the remaining co-owners;
provided that said co-owner has not taken advantage of the six months' period of grace allowed
for the taking-out of a special free miner's certificate, thus reviving the title to his interest.
Placer-mining Leases.
Leases of unoccupied Crown lands approximately 80 acres in extent may be granted by
the Gold Commissioner of the district after location has been made by staking along a " location-
line " not more than one-half a mile (2,640 feet) in length. In this line one bend, or change of
direction, is permitted. Where a straight line is followed two posts only are necessary—namely,
an " initial post" and a " final post." Where there is a change of direction a legal post must
be placed to mark the point of the said change. The leasehold is allowed a width not in excess
of one-quarter mile (1,320 feet), and the locator, both on his "initial post" and in his notice
of intention to apply, which is posted at the office of the Mining Recorder, is required to state
how many feet are included in the location to the right and how many feet to the left of the
location-line.
That section of the Act dealing with the staking of placer-mining leases follows:—
" 105a. (1.) For the purpose of locating a placer leasehold, a line to be known as the
'location-line' shall be marked on the ground by placing a legal, post at each end, one post
to be known as the ' Initial Post' and the other as the ' Final Post.' The direction of the
location-line may change at not more than one point throughout its length, and an intermediate
legal post shall be placed at the point at which the direction changes. The total length of the
location-line, following its change of direction (if any), shall not exceed two thousand six
hundred and forty feet.
"(2.) Upon the initial post and the final post shall be written the words 'Initial Post'
and ' Final Post' respectively, together with the name of the locator and the date of the
location. On the initial post shall also be written the approximate compass-bearing of the final
post, and a statement of the number of feet of the leasehold lying on the right and on the left
of the location-line, as viewed from the initial post, not exceeding in the aggregate a width of
thirteen hundred and twenty feet, thus:   ' Direction of Final Post, . feet of this
claim lie on the right and feet on the left of the location-line.'    In addition to the fore
going, where there is a change of direction in the location-line as marked on the ground, the
number ' 1' shall be written on the initial post; the number ' 2' shall be written on the
intermediate post; and the number ' 3' shall be written on the final post. There also shall be
affixed to the initial post a notice to the following effect, namely: ' Application will be made
under the " Placer-mining Act " for a lease of the ground within this location.'
"(3.) The location-line shall at the time of location be marked between the legal posts
throughout its length so that it can be distinctly seen; in a timbered locality, by blazing trees
and cutting underbrush, and in a locality where there is neither timber nor underbrush, by
placing legal posts or monuments of earth or stones not less than two feet high and not less
than two feet in diameter at the base, so that the location-line can be distinctly seen.
"(4.) Where, from the nature or shape of the surface of the ground, it is impracticable
to mark the location-line of a leasehold as provided by this section, the leasehold may be located
by placing legal posts as witness-posts, as near as possible to the location-line, and writing on
each witness-post the distance and compass-bearing of some designated point on the location-
line from the witness-post; and the distances and compass-bearing so written on the witness-
posts shall be set out in the application for the lease and in any lease granted thereon.
"(5.) The locator shall, within thirty days after the date of the location, post a notice in
Form 1 in the office of the Mining Recorder, which notice shall set out:— A 36
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
"(a.)  The name of the intending applicant or each applicant if more than one, and the
numbers of their free miners' certificates:
" (6.)  The date of the location :
"(c.)  The number  of feet lying to the right  and left of the location-line,  and the
approximate area or size of the ground.
The words written on the initial post and final post shall be set out in full in the notice;  and
as accurate a description as possible of the ground to be acquired shall be given, having special
reference to any prior locations it may join, and the general locality of the ground to be acquired.
Examples of Vakious Methods op laying out Placer Leaseholds.
Showing Areas secured ivith Location-lines of Various Lengths.
/-Final Post.
Final Postx,
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to
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400'|
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o
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it I
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920'
o
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Initial  Post
Initial Post7
Initial PostN!l
Post
'ZOO'      N.3
"(6.) The location and area of the placer leasehold shall be determined by establishing its
end lines running from or through the initial post and from or through the final post, at right
angles to the course of the location-line at those posts, respectively; and by establishing its
side-line parallel to the course or courses of the location-line, and distant one thousand three
hundred and twenty feet from each other."
Another provision is that there must be affixed to the " initial post" and to the " final post "
a numbered metal identification tag furnished by the Mining Recorder with each free miner's
certificate issued.    These tags may be attached to the posts, or placed in a container within a THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 37
cairn, either at the time of location or some time during the succeeding year, but must be so
placed before the Mining Recorder will grant the first certificate of work in respect of the
leasehold.
The annual rental on a placer-mining lease is $30, and the amount to be expended annually
on development-work is $250.
Dredging leases on rivers for 5 miles below low-water mark are also granted. Section 122
of the Act establishes a definite method of staking such mining ground. Authority also has been
given for the granting of placer-mining leases for dredging purposes in locations other than has
been defined.
For more detailed information the reader is referred to the complete " Placer-mining Act,"
which may be obtained from the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.
Table of Fees, Mineral Act and Placer-mining Act.
Individual free miner's certificate, annual fee     $5.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital $100,000 or less), annual fee      50.00
Company free miner's certificate (capital over $100,000), annual fee   100.00
Recording mineral or placer claim       2.50
Recording certificate of work, mineral claim      2.50
Rerecord of placer claim       2.50
Recording lay-over      2.50
Recording abandonment, mineral claim      10.00
Recording abandonment, placer claim      2.50
Recording any affidavit under three folios       2.50
Per folio over three, in addition 30
Records in " Records of Conveyances," same as affidavits.
Filing documents, " Mineral Act "  25
Filing documents, " Placer-mining Act "        1.00
Recording certificate of work, placer-mining lease      2.50
For Crown grant of mineral rights under " Mineral Act "      25.00
For Crown grant of surface rights of mineral claim under " Mineral Act"      10.00
For every lease under "Placer-mining Act"      5.00
Provisional Free Miners' Certificates   (Placer)  Act.
This Act was passed at the 1932 session of the Provincial Legislature and provides for the
issuance of " provisional free miners' certificates " for the locating, recording, representing, and
working of placer claims of a size, and according to the terms, and in the manner set out in
Parts II. and III. of the " Placer-mining Act." Any person over 18 years of age who has resided
in the Province continuously for a period of not less than six months prior to date of his
application may, on application accompanied by a statutory declaration or other satisfactory
evidence as to his age and period of residence in the Province, obtain from any Gold Commissioner or Mining Recorder a provisional free miner's certificate. No fees are payable in
respect of such certificate, and it abolishes the fees payable in respect of the recording or
rerecording of placer claims, but no record or rerecord of a claim shall be granted for a longer
period than one year without the payment of fees. It should be pointed out that the provisional
free miner's certificate does not carry the privileges of an ordinary free miner's certificate as
to the staking and working of placer-mining leases or mineral claims.
An amendment passed at the 1933 session of the Legislative Assembly gives the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council, as a means of unemployment relief, power to make provision for the establishment, equipment, maintenance, and operation of one or more placer training camps at suitable
locations, at which unemployed persons who hold provisional free miners' certificates and are
British subjects may acquire knowledge and training in the art of placer-mining and may be
afforded gainful work in the recovery of minerals by placer-mining. Reserves for the location
of such camps shall not exceed one mile in length by one-half a mile in width, and the right is
given to enter into agreements with private holders under the Act for the development of their
ground by means of unemployment relief camps. A 38 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Mines Development Act.
When it is shown to the satisfaction of the Minister of Mines that ore-bodies exist in quantity
and of commercial value sufficient to warrant the expenditure of public moneys, the Minister of
Mines may authorize the expenditure of so much of the public money as may be required for the
construction, reconstruction, or repair of trails, roads, and bridges to facilitate the operation
and development of such mineral or placer claims.
Furthermore, the Minister of Mines may authorize the expenditure of public money towards
the building or repairing of trails and bridges in or to any mineral district for the purpose of
facilitating the exploration of the mineral resources of the district, such expenditure not to
exceed 50 per cent, of the cost of the work. If such roads, trails, or bridges have been built by
any person or company having mining interests in the district, the Minister of Mines may refund
to such person a portion, not exceeding 50 per cent, of the cost of such construction.
Mineral Survey and Development Act, 1929.
Part I.—Mineral Survey.
A mineral survey of the Province has been established, to be carried on continuously and
records thereof kept.
For this purpose the Province has been divided into Mineral Survey Districts, and there
are five Resident Engineers who, with such assistance as is necessary, devote their whole time
to carrying out the provisions of this Act, reporting direct to the Minister.
Part II.—Aid to Prospectors.
The Resident Engineer in each district shall aid prospectors, as far as practicable :—
(a.) By giving information as to mineral indications and as to ground open for location
as mineral claims or placer claims as a result of knowledge gained during the
carrying-out of the mineral survey of his district:
(6.) By examining samples and applying such tests as may be possible on the ground
or in his office and advising as to the nature of any mineral and as to the best
available methods of analysis, sampling, assay, and test:
(c.) By forwarding samples to the Minister of Mines for further examination and tests
whenever in his opinion such course is necessary or expedient:
(,d.) By reporting to the Minister of Mines the location and approximate cost of such
roads, trails, and bridges as in his opinion are reasonably necessary in order to
render possible the development of any mineral resources;   and
(e.) Generally, by giving such advice, information, and directions as may be of assistance to miners and prospectors within his district.
Part III.—Protection of Wage-earners.
1. Every person giving or making a working bond or a lease, with or without any option for
sale, of any mining property shall insert therein a provision that during the currency of the
bond or lease all free miners and wage-earners employed on or about the mining property shall
be paid their wages semi-monthly, and shall demand and receive a letter, to be procured by the
holder of the bond or lease from a Gold Commissioner or Government Agent or Mining Recorder,
stating that security for such wages has been given pursuant to this section, otherwise the
person giving or making the bond or lease shall be under personal liability to pay all such wages.
2. Every person taking a right or option to work or purchase any mining property shall
furnish to the nearest Gold Commissioner, or Government Agent, or Mining Recorder adequate
security from time to time for the payment semi-monthly of the wages of all free miners and
wage-earners employed on or about the mining property, on the terms that every such security
shall be forthwith realized and payment of wages made upon any default; and every Gold
Commissioner, Government Agent, and Mining Recorder shall have full power and authority to
realize upon the security lodged with him so as to make payment of any wages in default, and
shall make payment thereof up to the amount realized. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 39
Part IV.—Protection op Investors.
Each Resident Engineer shall, upon receiving notice of any advertised or solicited sale of
shares in any company or in any claim or mine or mineral property whatsoever, upon statements
or terms not in accordance with actual facts and conditions, notify the Minister of Mines, who,
upon investigation, may, if found necessary, give such notice, either personal or public, as may
be necessary to prevent any'injury to investors; and every notice given under this section by
the Minister of Mines shall be absolutely privileged.
Iron and Steel Bounties Act, 1929.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may enter into an agreement with any person whereby
the Crown will pay to that person, out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund, bounties on pig-iron
and steel shapes when manufactured within the Province, as follows:—
(a.) In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from
ore mined in the Province, a bounty not to exceed three dollars per ton of two
thousand pounds:
(&.)  In respect of pig-iron manufactured from ore, on the proportion produced from ore
mined outside the Province, a bounty not to exceed one dollar and fifty cents per
ton of two thousand pounds:
(c.)  In respect of steel shapes of commercial utility manufactured in the Province,
a bounty not to exceed one dollar per ton of two thousand pounds.
Bounty, as on pig-iron under this Act, may be paid upon the molten iron from ore which in
the electric furnace, Bessemer or other furnace, enters into the manufacture of steel by the
process employed in such furnace;   the weight of such iron to be ascertained from the weight
of the steel so manufactured.
Bounty on steel shapes under this Act shall be paid only upon such steel shapes as are
manufactured in a rolling-mill having a rated productive capacity per annum of at least twenty
thousand tons of two thousand pounds per ton.
Phosphate-mining Act, 1925.
This Act takes the mineral tricalcium phosphate out of the " Mineral Act " for the purpose
of administration. This is done to make possible the staking of phosphate claims one mile
square in area.
Any person desirous of securing a licence to prospect for phosphate is required to stake the
land he may wish to acquire and work; and after such staking shall post in the office of the
Gold Commissioner for the mining division in which the land is situated a notice of his intention
to apply for a licence. Then the applicant is required to make application in writing to such
Gold Commissioner for a prospecting licence over the land for any term not exceeding one year.
The Gold Commissioner shall forward this application to the Hon. the Minister of Mines, who
may grant to the applicant a prospecting licence. Application shall be accompanied by a licence
fee of $100. The land to be acquired shall be of a rectangular shape and shall not exceed 640
acres for each licence, measuring 80 chains by 80 chains, and boundary-lines shall be run true
north and south and true east and west. A renewal of the licence may be obtained for a second
period of one year upon payment of further licence fee of $100, and furnishing proof that he has
explored for phosphate and has expended not less than $50 in such exploration-work. An extension of the term for a third period of one year may be granted upon like conditions and terms.
Provision is made for the payment of $150 in cash in lieu of exploration-work. The cost of the
survey of the land, not being less than $150, can be counted as exploration-work. If during any
one year work is done to a greater extent than the required $50—but not less—same may be
applied as work for any subsequent year that the licence remains in force.
The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may grant a lease of the land covered by a prospecting
licence to any licensee who during the existence of his licence, or within thirty days following
the expiry of same, gives satisfactory evidence that he has discovered phosphate on such lands.
He shall at the same time pay a sum sufficient to cover the first annual rental and also shall
have expended not less than $50 per licence in exploration-work during the term of the last
renewal licence or tender in lieu thereof the sum of $50 per licence.    Such lease shall be granted A 40 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
for a term of five years, renewable for three years, and for a further three years after the expiry
of the first renewal. A lease shall not be issued until the land has been surveyed by an authorized
land surveyor.   An annual rental rate of 15 cents per acre shall be payable under said lease.
The lease provides for the expenditure of not less than $100 per annum in the development
of a mine, or the payment of $100 in lieu of such development-work. Excess work done in any
one year may be applied as work to subsequent years. Provision is also made for the purchase
of phosphate-mining rights.
Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act.
At the 1935 session of the Provincial Legislature " An Act to amend and consolidate the
Enactments regulating the Working of Metalliferous Mines, Quarries, and Metallurgical Works "
was passed. This Act is known as the " Metalliferous Mines Regulation Act," and, in its general
tone, its clear purpose is to maintain the highest standard in respect of safety and of healthy
conditions, both on the surface and underground in mining operations. The idea is to not only
assure, as far as practicable, the protection of workmen against injury, but to establish those
conditions best calculated to safeguard the health of the men employed. The Act also provides
for the drafting of regulations, if such are found necessary, for the protection of men who are
working under conditions which may lead to pulmonary disability.
This Act may be divided into six parts, as follows:—
(1.)  Administration:
(2.)  Duties of owners, managers, and others:
(3.)   Special Rules for protection of miners:
(4.) General Rules, having reference to: (a) Employees; (6) Ventilation; (c) Explosives and blasting; (d) Fire-protection; (e) Connection between mines; (/) Mine
signals; (g) Aid to injured; (ft) Prevention of dust; (i) Handling of water;
(/) Sanitation; (7c) Protection of working-places, shafts, winzes, raises, etc.;
(I) Ladder-ways; (m) Shaft equipment and operation; (n) Testing of brakes;
(o) Haulage; (p) Protection from machinery ; (q) Electrical installations:
(5.) General Rules for quarries:
(6.)   Supplemental. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 41
SUMMARY OF ACTS SPECIALLY RELATING TO MINING.
(The complete Acts may be obtained from- the King's Printer, Victoria, B.C.)
Mining Licences under the Coal and Petroleum Act.
Any person desiring to prospect for coal, petroleum, or natural gas upon any unsurveyed
unreserved lands in which these resources are held by the Crown may acquire a licence to do so
over a rectangular block of land not exceeding 640 acres, of which the boundaries shall run due
north and south and east and west, and no side shall exceed 80 chains (1 mile) in length.
Before entering into possession of the said lands he shall place at the corner of such block a
legal stake, or initial post, and shall inscribe thereon his name and the angle represented by
such post, thus: " A. B.'s N.E. corner," or as the case may be, and shall post in a conspicuous
place upon the said land, and also in the Government office of the land recording district, notice
of his intention to apply, as well as publishing the same in the B.C. Gazette and local newspaper once each week for four consecutive weeks. If the area applied for is surveyed no staking
is required, but the same procedure with regard to advertising notice of intention to apply is
necessary.
The application for said licence shall be in writing, in duplicate, and shall contain the best
written description possible, with a diagram of the land sought to be acquired, and shall be
accompanied with a fee of $100. The application shall be made to the Commissioner of Lands
for the district, and by him forwarded to the Minister of Lands, who will grant such licence—
provided no reasons arise to the contrary—for a period not to exceed one year, and at the
expiration of the first year an extension of s*uch licence may be granted for a second or third
year at a fee of $100.
Where coal is discovered during the existence of licence or within eighteen months after
expiration, the land held under licence, having been surveyed and licence conditions fulfilled,
may be leased for five years at rental of 15 cents an acre, subject to renewals for four successive
periods of three years each, renewal fee being $100 for each lease, in addition to annual rental.
Lessees, on showing continuous work has been done and reasonable expenditure made for
development, may, after carrying out the provisions of the lease, purchase at $20 per acre where
surface is available, or $15 per acre for under-surface rights where surface is not available.
Lands under the sea may be purchased at $15 per acre. Provided also that, in addition to the
rental or purchase price, there shall be paid to the Government as a royalty 2% cents a barrel
(35 imperial gallons) of crude petroleum raised or gotten from such land. (See chapter 162,
R.S.B.C. 1924.)
Taxation Act.
A preliminary note is essential to the understanding of this Act. As the law has stood, a
Crown-granted mineral claim on which taxes were in arrears for a number of years was offered
for sale by the Government at a tax sale, with arrears of taxes plus interest and charges and
Crown-grant fees as an upset price. If no sale was made the property remained in the hands
of the Assessor until desired by some one, when it could only be purchased by tender. It was
not open to location under the " Mineral Act" and a prospector had no protection, and to relieve
the situation an amending Act was passed.
Under the amended Act such reverted Crown-granted mineral claim may be obtained by any
person under a lease for one year upon payment of $25, and a renewal of such lease may be
granted upon payment of further $25 for a further period of one year, but no longer. During
the period of such lease the lessee has the right to enter, prospect, and mine on such mineral
claim, save for coal, petroleum, and natural gas, and during such time the lessee has the option
to purchase such Crown-granted mineral claim upon payment of all taxes, costs, and interest
which remained due and unpaid on such claim on the date of its forfeiture to the Crown,
together with an amount equal to all taxes and interest which, except for its forfeiture to the
Crown, would have been payable in respect thereof from the date of the lease to the date of
application for a Crown grant. If, however, the lessee establishes to the satisfaction of the
Gold Commissioner that he has expended upon the claim in mining-development work a sum of
not less than $200 a year during the continuance of the lease, then the payment of the sum in
respect of taxes and penalties from the date of the lease to the date of application for a Crown A 42
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
grant shall not be required. Provision also is made for the grouping of adjoining claims, not
exceeding eight in number, and the performing on one of such claims mining-development work
for all of the claims.
A person may obtain a lease, or interest in a lease, of eight such claims in the same mining
division.
Such leases are not transferable and are subject to the rights any person may already hold
to any portion of the surface of such Crown-granted mineral claim.
Taxation of Mines.
Crown-granted mineral claims are subject to a tax of 25 cents per acre. The tax becomes
due on April 1st in each year, and if unpaid on the following June 30th is deemed to be
delinquent.
All mines are subject to a tax upon income, subject to the exemptions and allowances given
in the " Income Tax Act" ; provided, in the case of those mines paying an output tax, that an
income tax is only collected if such tax prove greater than the output tax, and the output tax is
then regarded as part payment of the income tax.
In addition to the ordinary working expenses, mines are allowed to deduct from their income
a charge for:—
(1.)  Development—being such proportion of this capital expenditure as is ascertained
to be chargeable to the year's operation:
(2.)  Depreciation of buildings and plant:
(3.)  Depletion—being such proportion of the capital cost of the mine as, being a wasting
asset, is ascertained to be chargeable to the year's operation.
The above-mentioned charges are allowable at the discretion of the Minister of Finance,
subject, however, to an appeal to the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.
The rate of income tax varies from 1 per cent, up to a maximum of 10 per cent, on incomes
of $19,000 and over.
All mines, other than coal, are subject to a tax (payable quarterly) of 2 per cent, on gross
value of ore, less cost of transportation from mine to reduction-works and the cost of treating
same at reduction-works or on the mining premises.
Any such mine, not realizing on ore shipments a market value of $5,000 in any one year, is
entitled to a refund of the output tax paid.
Coal is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except coal shipped to coke-ovens
within the Province.    Tax payable monthly.
Coke is subject to a tax of 10 cents per ton of 2,240 lb., except in respect of coke produced
from coal upon which this tax has already been paid.    Tax payable monthly.
Coal land from which coal is being mined (Class A) is taxed at 1 per cent, upon the assessed
value, in addition to any other tax.
Unworked coal land, known as " Coal Land, Class B," is subject to a tax of 2 per cent,
upon the assessed value.
For further particulars; see the " Taxation Act," also the " Public Schools Act," which are
obtainable from the King's Printer,  Victoria, B.C. THE MINING INDUSTRY. A 43
ASSAY OFFICE.
BY
D. E. Whittaker.
During the year 1934 there were made by the staff in the Government Assay Office 6,989
assays or quantitative determinations and 251 analyses;   of these the majority were for the
Department of Mines or for the other departments, for which no fees were received.
The fees collected by the office were as follows:—
Fees for analyses        $98.00
Fees for assaying   65.50
Fees for assayers' examinations       495.00
Total cash receipts     $658.50
Determinations  and  examinations  made for  other  Government  departments, for which no fees were collected:—
Attorney-General's Department   $1,002.00
Agricultural Department   1,985.00
Board of Health  750.00
Forest Branch   95.00
Other departments  190.00
$4,022.00
Value of work done outside of Mines Department work  $4,680.50
FREE DETERMINATIONS.
In addition to the above quantitative work, about 2,650 qualitative determinations, or tests,
were made in connection with the identification and classification of rocks or minerals sent to
the Assay Office for a report; for these no fees were charged, as it is the established custom of
the Department to examine and test qualitatively, without charge, samples of minerals sent in
from any part of the Province, and to give a report on the same. This has been done for the
purpose of encouraging the search for new or rare minerals and ores, and to assist prospectors
and others in the discovery of new mining districts, by enabling them to have determined, free
of cost, the nature and probable value of any rock they may find. In making these free
determinations, the Department asks that the locality from which the sample was obtained be
given by the sender.
EXAMINATION FOR ASSAYERS.
The writer has the honour, as Secretary, to submit the Annual Report for the year 1934
of the Board of Examiners for Certificates of Competency and Licence to Practise Assaying in
British Columbia, as established under the " Department of Mines Act, 1934."
A meeting of the Board of. Examiners was held on May 19th and December 3rd, 1934.
Two candidates applied for examination on May 19th and both passed the examination.
Fourteen candidates applied for examination on December 3rd and all passed the examination.
One candidate applied for exemption under section 10, subsection (2), of the Act, on May 19th.
During the year several special meetings of the Board of Examiners were held, and eight
candidates applied for exemption under section 10, subsection (2), of the Act. The Board
recommended that certificates be issued to the above-mentioned twenty-five candidates.
In accordance with the recommendations of the Board, certificates have been duly issued by
the Honourable the Minister of Mines to the twenty-five successful candidates.
The following list of assayers holding Provincial certificates of efficiency include all those
known or presumed to be alive. In future, the published list will include only those known to
be actively engaged in the practice of assaying in the Province. A 44
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
List of Assayers holding Provincial Certificates of Efficiency under the
" Department of Mines Act, 1934."
(Only the holders of such certificates may practise assaying in British Columbia.)
Under section 10, subsection (1).
Adams, J. B.
Archer, B. G.
Armstrong, N.
Ayres, D. A.
Austin, John W.
Backus, Geo. S.
Bainbridge, It.
Bajus, N. J.
Baker, C. S. H.
Barke, A. C.
Beilby, B. B.
Bernard, Pierre.
Bishop, Walter.
Boulding, J. D.
Brachat, Victor A.
Brake, D. S.
Broughton, P. W.
Buchanan, James.
Buehman, A. S.
Campbell, Colin.
Carmichael, Norman.
Church, George B.
Clarke, B. R.
Cobeldick, W. M.
Collison, H.
Comrie, George H.
Cornwall, G. L.
Cotton, G. W.
Crauf urd, A. J. P.
Crerar, George.
Crompton, S. V.
Crossley, C. E.
Cruickshank, G.
Davidson, J. R.
Day , Athelstan.
Dedolph, Ed.
DeLespee, H.
Dockrill, Walter R.
Dolphin, John.
Dunn, G. W.
Edwards, A. H.
Archer, Allan.
Blaylock, Selwyn G.
Bisset, D. G,
Bolton, George E.
Brennan, Charles Victor.
Browne, R. J.
Browne, P. J.
Bryant, Cecil M.
Bryden, James.
Bullen, R. L.
Burwash, N. A.
Cavers, Thomas W.
Clothier, George A.
Cole, Arthur A.
Cole, G. E.
Cole, L. Heber.
Collins, H. E.
Conway, E. J.
Coo, Cecil William.
Coulthard, R. W.
Cowans, Frederick.
Cuttress, G. S. C.
Ellison, R.
Elmes, Harold.
Farquhar, J. B.
Pingland, John J.
Gardner, C. S.
Goedbloed, L. A.
Grimwood, G. H.
Grosvenor, P. E.
Hamilton, Wm. J.
Hannay, W. H.
Harsant, R. C. C.
Hart, P. E.
Hawes, P. B.
Hawkins, Francis.
Hendricks, R.
Hodgson, A. R.
Hunt, Basil.
Hurter, C. S.
Irwin, George B.
John, D.
Kiddie, Geo. R.
King, R.
Kitto, Geoffrey B.
Lang, T. P.
Langley, A. G.
Laucks, I. P.
Lee, Geo. M.
Ley, Richard H.
Levy, Prank.
Lindsay, W. W.
Locke, V. P.
Longworth, P. J.
Mailleue, G.
Manning, S. M.
Marston, R. W.
Martin, C. J.
Martin, S. J.
Marsh, Richard.
Marshall, H. Jukes.
Marshall, Wiliam S.
Meale, Eric A.
Merrifleld, T. T.
Miles, Arthur D.
Milne, A. S.
Mitchell, Charles T.
Mitchell, E. A.
Mitchell, R. P.
McCormick, Alan F.
MacDonald, Alec C.
MacDonald, J. S.
Mcintosh, J. H.
McLellan, R. D.
Morgan, Richard.
Morris, J.
Nicholls, Frank.
Nicholson, L. T.
Okell, S. E.
Ortner, G. S.
Parker, Robt. H.
Parsenow, W. L.
Perkins, Walter G.
Pirrie, Noble W.
Poole, H. W.
Prior, C. E.
Puder, H. P. H.
Raht, K.
Richmond, Leigh.
Ringwood, J. G. T.
Robertson, T. R.
Rodgers, Ch. B.
Rogers, G. J.
Rombauer, A. B.
Ross, R. H. LeB.
Schoefleld, J. L.
Schroeder, Curt A.
Segsworth, Walter.
Selby, C. C.
Shepherd, G. H.
Sharp, Bert N.
Sharpies, H.
Under section 10, subsection (2).
Dawson, V. E.
Dempster, R. C.
Dempster, A. S.
Dick, John P.
Dixon, Howard A.
Eardley-Wilmot, V. L.
Edwards, H. C.
Ethredge, F. M.
Farrar, Ben. K.
Fortheringham, D. F.
Galbraith, M. T.
Gibson, Swanson.
Gilman, Ellis P.
Gray, Stanley.
Green, J. T. Raoul.
Guess, George A.
Hallam, F. Lloyd.
Harding, Wilson M.
Heal, John H.
Hearn, Roy D,
miliary, G. M.
Howells, J. 0.
Hurley, T. Mason.
Johnston, William Steele.
Kaye, Alexander.
Kendall, George.
Kidd, G. L.
Kilburn, Geo. H.
Lathe, Frank E.
Lay, Douglas.
Manson, Robert.
Mathews, L. G.
Mellish, Albert Henry.
Merrit, Charles P.
Millen, J.
Munro, Neil.
Murphy, C. J.
Musgrave, W. N.
McArthur, Reginald E.
McBean, K. D.
McLeod, Norman A.
McDiarmid, S. S.
McGinnis, Wm. C.
McKay, Robt. B.
Shore, J. T.
Sim, Chas. John.
Sloan, Wm.
Snyder, Blanchard M.
Stephen, Wm. Gordon.
Stimmel, B. A.
Stockly, Gait.
Sundberg, Gustave.
Tally, Robert E.
Taylor, E. S.
Taylor, H. L.
Teed, A. J.
Thirkell, V. R.
Thomas, Percival W.
Thomson, W. G.
Trewhella, M.
Turner, H. A.
Vance, John P. C. B.
Van Agnew, Prank.
Vaughan-Williams, V. L.
Wales, Roland T.
Watson, Wm. J.
Watson, Thomas.
Welsh, J. Cuthbert.
Wells, Ben T.
Wenerstrom, L. H.
West, Geo. G.
West, K. C.
Wetherup, I.
White, E. King.
Whittaker, Delbert B.
Widdowson, E. Walter.
Willemar, Douglas R.
Williams, W. A.
Williams, Eliot H.
Williams, J. R.
Williams, R. N.
Wilson, Thomas S.
Wimberley, S. H.
Youngs, T. N.
McLellan, John.
MeMurtry, Gordon O.
McNab, J. A.
McPhee, W. B.
McVicar, John.
Maclennan, P. W.
Moran, P. J.
Newton, W. E.
Nicolle, C. C.
Norrie, James P.
Oliver, Charles E.
Oughtred, S. W.
Outhett, Christopher.
Owen, Francis J.
Pellew-Harvey, Wm.
Pemberton, W. P. D.
Reid, J. A.
Ritchie, A. B.
Roaf, J. R.
Roscoe, Harold M.
Rose, J. H.
Rutherford, R. C. THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 45
Under section 10, subsection (3)—Continued.
Sampson, E. H. S.
Scott, John Mitchell.
Scott, Oswald Norman.
Shannon, S.
Sharpe, G. P.
Shorey, P. M.
Sloan, David.
Stevens, P. G.
Stewart, A. G.
Stroud, J. E. C.
Sullivan, Michael H.
Sutherland, T. Fraser.
Sutherland, Wm.
Swinney, Leslie A. E.
Thompson, W. K.
Watson, A. A.
Watson, Henry.
Weir, William.
White, E. Grove.
Willis, F. S.
Winslow, R. H.
Wilson, Ridgeway R.
Workman, Ch. W.
Wright, Richard.
Wynne, Llewellyn C.
Yuill, H. H.
Carmichael, Herbert.
Galloway, J. D.
Under section 10, subsection (3).
Harris, Henry.
Hedley, Robt. R.
Kiddie, Thos.
Marshal, Dr. T. R.
McKillop, Alexander.
Previously issued under the " Bureau of Mines Act, 1897," Section 12.
Thompson, James B.
GOLD COMMISSIONERS AND MINING RECORDERS.
The following list shows the Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders of the Province :-
Mining Division.
Location of Office.        Gold Commissioner.      Mining Recorder.        Deputy Recorder.
Atlin  Atlin	
Sub-office | Telegraph Creek-
Sub-office  ;Haines (U.S.)	
H. B\ Glassey..
Sub-office j Squaw Cr. via Atlin..
Sub-office Tulsequah	
Sub-office I Juneau (U.S.)	
Stikine	
Sub-office..
Telegraph Creek -	
Boundary via Telegraph
Creek
Burns Lake	
Telegraph Creek	
McDame Creek	
J. V. Boys..
Sub-office	
Liard —
Sub-office	
Sub-office Fort St. John
Sub-office   Fort Nelson
Sub-office	
Skeena	
Sub-office. -.
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office	
Sub-office..	
Nass River..	
Sub-office.	
Sub-office.-	
Portland Canal-
Bella Coola..
Sub-office..
Sub-office..
Sub-office-
Sub-office..
Dease Lake Townsite..
Prince Rupert	
Kitimat	
Copper River	
Terrace	
Stewart (Portland
Canal)
Rosswood	
Kimsquit ....
Anyox	
Alice Arm	
Stewart	
Stewart	
Prince Rupert-
Bella Coola	
Bella Bella	
Ocean Falls	
Kimsquit	
J. V. Boys..
N. A. Watt.
-V.
N. A. Watt.
II. P. Glassey..
J. V. Boys.
B. A. Barnett.
(Com.for takingAffi-
davits)
 Mrs. F. Muncaster.
 jH. L. Praser.
(Com.for takingAffi- Harold E. Brown.
davits)
J. V. Boys	
J. V. Boys..
N. A. Watt.
N. A. Watt (at
Prince Rupert)
N. A. Watt	
E. Ross Oatman..
H. W. Dodd..
N. A. Watt-
Duncan Miller.
T. E. Taylor.
Thos. A. Perry.
P. W. Beatton.
J. S. Clark.
John Fleming.
Chas. E. Moore.
L. G. Skinner.
O. T. Sundal.
H. W. Dodd.
Mrs. Alberta Smith.
Percy Gadsden.
Mrs. L. Cummings.
H. W. Dodd.
C. A. Brynildsen.
Geo. H. Hill.
Percy Gadsden. A 46
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
Queen Charlotte	
N. A. Watt   	
G. A. Charter, M.D....
W. T. Reavley.
T. D. Brunton.
H. B. Campbell	
H. B. Campbell	
L. T. Kempple.
C. A. Brynildsen.
Bella Coola	
Sub-office
W. B. Steele.
T. J. Thorp.
F. F. Monteith.
Fort St. John	
F. W. Beatton.
Whitewater (Finlay
River) via Fort
Grab, am e
J. E. Mclntyre.
0. T. Sundal.
T. H. McCubbin.
Wm. Grant.
T. E. Taylor.
Sub-office     	
Sub-office
Aiken.
Hi K. Henry.
Sub-office
Fort St. John	
H. B. Campbell (at
Smithers)
F. W. Beatton.
G. Milburn.
Sub-office
F. F. Monteith
Sub-office
M. S. Morrell
J. P. Scarlett	
Miss L. D. Boyd.
Sub-office       	
E. C. Lunn.
McBride	
R. McKinlay.
L. C. Maclnre	
L. C. Maclure	
E. C Lunn
Likelv	
T. P. Scarlett.
A. B Campbell
R. J. A. Dorrell
R. J. A. Dorrell
Haylmore, Bridge River
P.O.
Kamloops	
Chu Chua  	
E. Fisher	
E. Fisher	
H. Finley.
A. P. Suckling.
Geo. D. Mead
Ashcroft	
Ashcroft	
E. Fisher (at Kam.)
W. C. Adam
Merritt -	
Hope	
E. Fisher (at Kam.)
E. Fisher (at Kam.)
Yale	
H. Beech
Sub-office	
Similkameen	
Princeton	
Chas. Nichols	
R. B. Baxter.
F. H. C. Wilson.
R. M. McGusty ....
R. M. McGusty..
Sub-office	 THE MINING INDUSTRY.
A 47
Gold Commissioners and Mining Recorders—Continued.
Mining Division.
Location of Office.
Gold Commissioner.
Mining Recorder.
Deputy Recorder.
L. A. Dodd	
L. A. Dodd.   .
Kettle Valley	
G  B Gane
T W Clarke
E. Harrison	
Golden	
H C Moore
A. W. Anderson (at
Golden)
A. M. Chisholm
Fort Steele    ...
J R Nolan
W. M. H. Dunn
H. Macpherson.
Ronald Hewat (at
Kaslo)
Frank Broughton   :
R. H. Hassard.
Sub-office	
Wm. Clark.
J Cartmel (at Nel
son)
Wvnfield Maxwell
Wynfield Maxwell
(at Revelstoke)
W. Maxwell
W H Reid
W. H. Reid 	
J. A. Knight.
Alert Bay	
Henry Twidle.
S. B. Hamilton.
W. H. Boothrovd
W. H. Boothroyd (at.
Alberni)
W. H. Boothroyd
W. T. Dawlev     	
Sub-office
P. McGregor.
Ditto     	
Ed. Evenson..	
Victoria	
New Westminster	
Vancouver	
Lillooet           ..           	
R. J. Steenson 	
A  P  Grant
R. J. Steenson 	
New Westminster
Sub-office	
A. B. Grav	
A. S. Tvrer	
R.'A. Burgovne	
L. J. Price.	
L. J. Price	
T. B. Wrilliams.
Haylmore, Bridge River
P.O.
W. Haylmore. A 48
REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
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Resident Mining Engineers
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HI Rince Rupert
Hazielton
Penticton
S Nelson
Vancouver
B.C.Dept. of Mines w
Salmon  Glacicr^looking towards August  Mountain.      Portland  Canal  Area.
Tatshenshini River Area^looking South-east towards Talbot Creek from  the Divide to  Squaw Creek. Hydraulic   Operation   on   Quartz Creek,   Tributary  of McDaine Creek,   Locality   of   1934- Lode-gold   Discovery.
Dease Lake Area.
Fourth   of   July   Creek^—looking  North-east   towards   Gladys   Lake.     Atlin   Area. .

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