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BC Sessional Papers

PART F. WESTERN MINERAL SURVEY DISTRICT (No. 6). By A. M. RICHMOND. British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1936]

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A. M. Richmond.
Prospecting for, development of, and the production from gold properties continued to hold
first place in the mining activity of No. 6 District during 1934.
During 1934, as in 1933, more prospectors and prospecting parties were in the field than for
many years past. On Vancouver island the areas around Zeballos river, Herbert arm, and
Muchalat arm have received attention. Prospecting was continued at many other localities
on Vancouver island, and on the Mainland section of the Coast in the vicinity of Phillips arm,
Shoal bay, Knight and Jervis inlets. Several individuals and small syndicates were prospecting
the area at the head of Harrison lake, in the vicinity of Fire mountain and Glacier lake, an
area that is well worthy of more attention than it has received in the past. The area contiguous to the Fraser river, in the sections around Hope, Lytton, Ashcroft, and the area about
the Vidette camp were carefully looked over during the season by prospectors and many new
claims were staked. Several zones of mineralization were discovered in the Tatlayoko Lake
country by prospecting parties, and further development-work will be undertaken, as soon as
weather conditions permit, in 1935.
The main Bridge River camp was the scene of intense activity in 1934, and while much
of the work accomplished is reported as development-work, it might be more properly classified
as company and syndicate prospecting. Similar prospecting of claims staked in the 1933 rush
to the ground contiguous to the Pacific Great Eastern Railway was carried out in 1934, particularly in the Brandywine, Birkenhead, D'Arcy, and AVhitecap Creek areas.
The writer desires to acknowledge the help and many courtesies extended to him by the
prospectors, mining operators, and the general public with whom he came in contact during
the field season.
In the following report details of mining activity In the various Mining Divisions of No. 6
District are given.
Mining activities during 1934 were confined to intermittent placer-mining and prospecting
on Leech river and Wolfe creek; testing of the Sombrio River placers by Victoria interests;
prospecting by several groups of men on the headwaters of the San Juan, Jordan, and Nitinat
rivers; further development-work on the El Capitan property on Cowichan lake; and the
commencement of exploration-w-ork at the old Tyee property near Duncan late in 1934.
References to Properties in past Reports.—Alpha-Beta, 1931; Blue Grouse, 1931; El Capitan.
1933; Gabbro Copper Mines. Limited, 1931; Kitchener, 1931; Margaret, 1931; Paint Pot,
Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Sombrio Placers (Kootenay Central Mining and Development Company,
Limited), 1930; Southern Cross, 1931: Sunloc-h Mines, Limited, 1931; Tyee, 1931; Willow
Grouse, 1931.
The property  (MacKay leases)  on which E. Butterworth and associates, of
Butterworth     Victoria,  established a  small hydraulic placer plant in  1933  is located  at
Placers. Martin gulch, a small tributary of the Leech river, approximately 3y2 miles
from Leeehtown.    During the early part of 1934 sluicing with a small monitor
opened up a pit 20 by 25 feet in area on the banks of Leech river just above Martin gulch.
The pit disclosed the remnants of an old channel 15 to 18 feet above the river, containing 6V2
to 7 feet of rusty bouldery pay-gravels, overlain with 20 feet or more of barren sand, gravel,
and silt.    It would appear that this channel remnant would  extend up-stream for possibly
400 feet to a rock bluff and that the average width would be 60 to 100 feet, with a heavy cover
of barren overburden.    From bed-rock in the pit which existed at the time of the writer's
visit approximately $70 to $S0 in gold had been recovered, with several quite coarse slugs of
gold included. F 2 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Later in the summer of 1934 it was reported that the operators changed the location of
their water-supply flume to eliminate an unwieldy piping system and give a slightly increased
head of water for hydraulicking.    The recovery made is not known to the writer.
Port Alberni at the head of the canal is the main settlement within the area and is the
distributing-point for supplies and labour. Boats are available on Sproat and Great Central
lakes and at Port Alberni for points down the canal. The area is served by fair pack-trails
up the main river-valleys, while access to properties up China creek is best made by way of
the logging-railway of the Alberni Pacific Logging Company, Limited.
During 1934 mining activity and particularly prospecting and development within the area
was greatly stimulated by the gold developments at the properties of the Vancouver Island
Gold Mines, Limited; Taylor River Gold Mines, Limited; and Franklin River (British Columbia)
Gold Mines, Limited. Many hundreds of claims were staked and interesting discoveries have
been reported by the individual prospectors.
References.—Alberni Mines, Limited (Three Jays), 1928; Copper King, 1928; Dauntless,
1931; Edith, 1931; Ferguson, 1932; Happy John and Monitor, 1916; Island Copper Company,
Limited, 1931; Klanawa and Canyon, 1931; Morning (Taylor River Gold Mines, Limited),
Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Rainy Day, 1928; Regina, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Sunshine, 1928; Thistle,
1927; W.W.W. (Franklin River Gold Mines, Limited), Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Vancouver Island
Gold Mines, Limited, 1933.
This company was incorporated in September, 1933, with a capitalization of
Vancouver Island $2,250,000, divided into 4,500,000 shares of 50 cents par value, and 1,000,000
Gold Mines, Ltd. shares of the company stock were issued   (in escrow)  for the properties.
(N.P.L.). The property consists now of ten Crown-granted mineral claims—Alberni,
Victoria, Warspite, Chicago, Champion, Missing Link, Ophir, Union, Last
Chance, and Last Dollar—and twenty-seven claims held on location. The claims are situated
at the headwaters of Mineral creek, a tributary of China creek, about 10 miles from tide-water
up the logging-railway of the Alberni-Pacific Lumber Company from Port Alberni, and about
iy2 miles by caterpillar-tractor road from the railway. At one time the road extended from
Port Alberni to the property, but many parts of the road were destroyed by the construction
of the railway-grade. The claims extend over the divide separating Mineral creek and Cameron
river, the main workings being located approximately 2,600 feet in elevation above sea-level.
The railway-grade below the camp is at 1,200 feet elevation above sea-level. The ground is
precipitous, well timbered with fir, hemlock, and cedar, and there is a sufficient supply of water
in Mineral creek for all domestic purposes.
The Alberni, Warspite, Chicago, and Victoria claims were staked in 1895 and worked for
two years by the James Dunsmuir interests. In 1897 the ground was acquired by an English
company, who erected an 8-stamp mill on the property in 1898 and then stopped operations after
making a few clean-ups. In the spring of 1933, R. W. Williams, of Vancouver, leased the reverted
Crown grants from the Government, later turning the property over to the present company,
who in turn have devoted attention to an appraisal of the real value of the mineral-showings,
under the direction of J. W. Herman, superintendent, and P. M. Hurley, geologist, with a crew
of fourteen men.
The rocks in the vicinity are andesites of the Vancouver Island volcanic series. A few miles
to the west a small stock of granite rock, similar in appearance to the granite of the Coast
Range batholith, outcrops. The mineralization under development consists of quartz veins
in sheared sections of the andesitic rocks, the valuable mineral constituents being gold and silver,
associated with pyrite. The quartz is massive and the walls of the veins are free. Excellent
specimens of free gold have been obtained from several of the workings, in particular from the
Mac vein.
The surface and underground workings as at November, 1934, are shown in detail on the
accompanying map. The surface-trenching disclosed three main veins. The Waterfall vein
is opened up by cuts C, D, and E, where a 3-inch to 2.5-foot vein is exposed along a length of
108 feet, and from which generally low gold values were obtained by the company, except for
two assays, 1.4 oz. gold per ton across 3 inches and 11.8 oz. gold per ton across 6 inches, both WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6).
F 3
from the creek open-cut. The Belcher vein is developed by open-cuts G, H, I, N, O, R, and V,
and possibly underground by the Belcher adit and by the shaft arid stope at Q. The values
obtained by the company on this vein were generally low grade, and while the vein in some
places is several feet in width, it is only in the shaft and stope-workings that good gold values
have so far been obtained over narrow widths and along short vein-lengths. The vein is more
or less lenticular and fairly well defined.
B. C. Department of Mines
Plan of Workings, Vancouver Gold Mines, Ltd.    Prom Company's Plans. F 4 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
The most important showing to date is the Mac vein, developed by open-cuts J, K, L, M,
S, T, and U, and by the Mac and Dunsmuir adits, and sub-levels above the Mac adit. Over a
length of approximately 250 feet (from U to T on the map), the company has disclosed by
sampling a narrow but good-grade showing of gold-bearing quartz. The average of sixty-three
samples taken by P. Hurley over this 250-foot length shows the quartz to have an average width
of 0.51 feet and an average gold content of 3.69 oz. gold per ton. Of the sixty-three samples
taken, seventeen samples were above the average in grade, the highest sample being 20 oz. gold
per ton across a 6-inch vein-width. It is from the workings on this vein that the company
recently made a trial shipment of 40 tons of ore to the Tacoma smelter. Preliminary smelter
returns on this shipment are reported as being 2.9 oz. gold per ton and 0.5 oz. silver per ton.
Development-work underground on this showing seems to indicate that the gold values are
concentrated in the vein just above a 3- to 4-foot bed of argillaceous sediments which strike and
dip almost in conformity with the slope of the hillside. Below the sediments the gold values
are quite low, but sufficient development has not been done as yet to show the possible relationship between the mineralization and the sediments. The strike and dip of the sedimentary
bed has caused the underground work on the showing to be done in a series of short sub-levels
above the main Mac adit. These short levels have been connected by raises. Possibly 80 feet
higher stratigraphically than the thin band of sediments is another bed of similar sedimejits,
possibly 20 feet or more in thickness, and of similar strike and dip. Development-work at the
present time is being directed to establish the continuity of the gold values between the two
parallel beds of sediments along the strike of the Mac vein, and in the driving of a raise from
the Belcher adit to connect through to the bottom of the old shaft-stope in which gold values
were found on the Belcher vein. In this raise a bed of sediments corresponding in strike and
dip with the lower bed mentioned above has been recently encountered.
The property is equipped with an office and camp accommodation for twenty men, assay
office, 50-horse-power Diesel-engine-driven compressor, steel-sharpener and oil-furnace, machines,
steel, rails, cars, etc., required in development-work. A short rope-tramway to supply material
to the Belcher adit-workings was constructed from the compressor-house to the portal. A bridge
from the compressor-house gives access to the Mac adit-workings. A caterpillar tractor is used
for transferring supplies from the railway siding to the mine camp.
This  company  was   incorporated   in  April,   1934,   with   a   capitalization   of
Taylor River    2,000,000 shares of no par value.    The registered office of the company is
Cold Mines, Ltd. 316-320 Hall Building, Vancouver.    The company owns twenty-three claims,
(N.P.L.).       including the Morning, Morning No. t, and Apex claims, and holds an option
to purchase seven additional claims, all situated about 3% miles up Taylor
river, which flows into the upper end of Sproat lake.    The main workings and camp are reached
from Port Alberni by road to Sproat lake, launch up Sproat lake to the mouth of Taylor river,
and thence 3% miles by pack-trail which follows the river-grade for most of that distance.
This property was formerly owned by A. Smith, of Alberni, and W. P. Beavan, of Nanaimo,
and it has been described in some detail in Bulletin No. 1, 1932, under the name of Morning
group. During 1934 the present company made extensive improvements to the trail, constructed
log camp buildings, and spent several months sampling and surveying the numerous veins
which are found outcropping principally on the Morning and Morning No. 1 claims. Eight to
twelve men were employed for part of the season under the supervision of B. P. Johnson.
The country-rocks in the vicinity of the workings are basalts and andesites of the Vancouver Island volcanic series. These rocks in places are intruded by quartz-diorite dykes. The
area has been faulted and sheared to a marked extent in the vicinity of the showings, the
shearing taking place mostly before the mineralization, and the faulting, generally of but slight
displacement, after the intrusion of the acid dykes. Several quartz-filled fissures have been
traced by surface and underground work. The quartz is mineralized principally with pyrite,
with which is found associated gold values. In some places small quantities of chalcopyrite,
galena, and sphalerite were noticed.
The most westerly surface exposures are on the M.T. claim, about 1,500 feet west of the
Morning showings. At this location low-grade galena-pyrite mineralization has been exposed
in several large open-cuts. In the largest cut at 450 feet elevation the mineralization has been
exposed for a length of 40 feet and across a width of 14 feet.    The company reports that gold WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 5
values up to $9 per ton were obtained from this cut. A second cut, approximately 150 feet to
the east of the above working, exposes 3 to 5 feet of sulphide mineralization at the contact of
diorite and basaltic rocks over a length of 25 feet.
The main showings on the Morning and Morning No. 1 claims consist of open-cuts and one
360-foot adit that have exposed eleven fissure-veins, all approximately parallel and striking
north-easterly into the hill. The veins dip at high angles. No. 8 vein at the westerly end of
the showings has been opened up by one open-cut at 730 feet elevation. It strikes north 55
degrees east and dips 80 degrees to the south-east. The width exposed is 14 inches, mineralized
with quartz and pyrite, with stringers of altered wall-rock. Only low gold values have been
obtained from this cut. No. 7 vein is exposed by one open-cut at 700 feet elevation, 65 feet
south from No. 8 vein open-cut. The vein is narrow, of similar strike to No. 8 vein, but dips
80 degrees to the north-west. No. 6 vein, approximately 65 feet south-east from No. 7 vein, has
been exposed by open-cuts and a short adit over a length of about 280 feet, the width varying
from a few inches to 4.6 feet. This vein strikes north 44 degrees east and dips 85 degrees
north-west to vertical. Company sampling on the vein indicates values from 0.05 oz. gold per
ton to 0.13 oz. gold per ton across widths of 0.9 to 2 feet. The writer took a channel sample
across the exposure in No. 2 adit at 640 feet elevation and obtained 1 oz. gold per ton and
0.2 oz. silver per ton over the 4.6-foot width sampled. This showing justifies further drifting
to establish the continuity and grade of the mineralization exposed in the short adit.
Very little work has been done on No. 5 vein, 55 feet south-easterly from No. 6 vein. No. 4
vein has been opened up along a length of 110 feet by open-cuts. This vein is 40 feet south-east
of No. 5 vein and approximately 250 feet south 70 degrees east from No. 8 vein open-cut. The
vein varies in width from 0.8 to 1.8 feet, strikes north 40 degrees east to north, and has a
vertical dip. Company sampling indicates gold values of 0.09 to 0.22 oz. gold per ton. No. 3
vein would appear to be a branch from No. 4 vein. The south end of it as exposed is but 15 feet
from No. 4 vein, and the strike of north 73 degrees east causes it to diverge rapidly as the
outcrop of the vein is followed up the hillside. Open-cuts have exposed No. 3 vein along a
length of 160 feet. The width varies from 3 to 16 inches and company sampling has indicated
gold values varying from 0.02 to 0.25 oz. gold per ton across vein-widths. No. 2 vein, of which
a portion is named the " Stump " vein, is approximately 70 feet east of No. 3 vein. The northern
section of this vein outcrops at 950 feet elevation and company samples indicate a gold content
of approximately 0.24 oz. gold per ton and an average width of 1.5 feet. One company sample,
not included in the above average, assayed 2.48 oz, gold per ton across the 1-foot vein-width.
The writer obtained an assay of 0.20 oz. gold across a 1-foot vein-width. The southern section
of No. 2 vein, or Stringer vein as it is sometimes called, averages 1.9 feet wide and four company
channel samples returned an average of 0.17 oz. gold per ton over this vein-width.
No. 1 vein, upon which development was formerly concentrated, has been stripped along the
surface for 400 feet in length and followed underground for 250 feet in a 360-foot adit at 600
feet elevation. This vein is 20 to 30 feet south-east of No. 2 vein, strikes north 60 degrees east,
dips vertically, and varies in width from 1.3 to 6.6 feet. Sampling underground by the company
has indicated values from 0.02 to 0.34 oz. gold per ton, with many assays in the 0.13- to 0.25-oz.
brackets. The mineralization is chiefly quartz and pyrite with low gold values. A sample
across 3.3 feet in No. 2 cut, No. 1 vein, taken by the writer, assayed 0.30 oz. gold per ton and
0.06 oz. silver per ton.
Three other veins of similar type to those mentioned have been discovered south-east of
No. 1 vein. Values up to 0.22 oz. gold per ton across vein-widths of less than 1 foot have been
obtained by the company. These veins are called No. 1 east, No. 2 east, and No. 3 east, and are
located 80, 100, and 240 feet, respectively, south-east from No. 1 vein.
Further work was done during 1934 in prospecting on the Apex claim at 3,000 feet elevation,
where several veins of similar character to the above are reported to have been discovered.
This Division is served by boats of the west-coast service of the Canadian Pacific steamships
once every ten days. During 1934 there was considerable small-scale mining activity in the
area and several new discoveries were reported from the Zeballos and Herbert Arm districts.
References.—B.C. Wonder, 1931; Big Boy, 1933 ; Copper King, 1931; Craigellachie, 1928;
Douglas, 1930;   Indian Chief  (Pacific Tidewater Mines, Limited), 1931;   King Midas Mining F 6 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Company, Limited, 1933; Mary McQuilton (Abco Mines, Limited), 1933; Ormond, 1932; Jo Jo,
Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Rose Marie, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Shannon (Silverado), 1928; Star of the
West, 1928;  Zeballos River Mining Company, 1933.
Zeballos River Section.
Following the publication of H. C. Gunning's report on the Zeballos River area by the
Geological Survey of Canada in their Summary Report for 1932, Part A-IL, the area adjacent
to the Zeballos river was intensively prospected by many of the west-coast inhabitants, and as a
result of this activity several discoveries have been reported.
This property has been described in considerable detail in the Geological
King Midas Survey of Canada Summary Report, Part A-IL, pages 38-42, for the year
Mining Co., Ltd. 1932, and in the 1933 Annual Report. The following notes will bring the data
up to date: The property is about 9 miles by trail from the head of Zeballos
river, and during 1934 a small crew of men was employed on contract to extend No. 1 adit-
workings. A total of 225 feet of drifting and crosscutting, some surface-stripping and prospecting was completed. The drift north from the winze in No. 1 adit-crosscut was extended a
distance of 120 feet, following a narrow, well-mineralized fissure-vein of irregular strike and
steep dip for much of the way. The writer took a composite sample of eleven channel samples
along a 40-foot length of the vein exposed in this drift, and it assayed 4.04 oz. gold per ton,
0.6 oz. silver per ton, 1.9 per cent, copper, lead nil, and zinc 8.2 per cent., over an average width
of 3.7 inches. A sample from the same vein at the surface, almost directly above this drift,
assayed 3.30 oz. gold per ton, 0.8 oz. silver per ton, 4 per cent, copper, and 11.8 per cent, zinc,
across a vein-width of 4 inches. A sample across an 18-inch width of mineralization at the
glory-hole workings, some 1,400 feet northerly from the No. 1 adit portal, assayed a trace in
gold and silver, 0.6 per cent, copper, and 1 per cent. zinc.
This Division is reached either by west-coast boats from Victoria every ten days, or by road
from Port Hardy, on the east coast of Vancouver island, to Coal harbour, from which point the
mail-boat calls at several places, or launches are available.
References.—Alice Lake, 1932; Canada Copper Company, Limited, 1930; Coast Copper
Company, Limited, 1931; Copper Cup Mines, Limited, 1930; June, 1931, and Summary Report,
G.S.C, Part A, 1929; Marble Creek, 1930; Millington, 1927-28-29, and Summary Report, G.S.C,
Part A, 1929; Quatsino Copper-Gold Mines, Limited, 1931; Quatsino King (Teta River Gold),
1931;   Yreka, 1928, and Summary Report, G.S.C, Part A, 1929.
This Division includes the eastern half of Vancouver island north of Chemainus and the
west coast of the Mainland from the south end of Texada island and Jervis inlet, north to
Seymour inlet, including the drainage areas of the Klinaklini, Homathko, Southgate, and Toba
rivers. The recording office is at Nanaimo. This is one of the largest Divisions in the district
and one of the most important in the Province on account of the great variety of mineral
products that are mined in it. It contains all the coal mines of Vancouver island; many iron-
ore deposits; many deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc ores; as well as most of the
non-metallic materials, such as lime, cement, brick, sand, gravel, crushed rock, and building-
stone, which are of such importance to the development of the populous centres of the Province.
During 1934 the greatest mining activity, aside from coal and structural materials, was in
the areas on Phillips arm and Shoal bay and in the Tatlayoko Lake district.
References (Vancouver Island).—Big G., 1916; Caledonia, 1927-28-29, and G.S.C Summary
Report, Part A, 1929; H.P.H., 1931-32; Jubilee, 1930; Kinman, 1929-30, and G.S.C. Summary
Report, Part A, 1929; Lucky Jim, Bulletin No. 1. 1932; Lynx, 1927-30; Maple Leaf, 1930;
Paramount Mining Company, 1920; P.D., 1927; Price Creek Mining Company, 1929; Robbins,
1930; Silver Leaf, Bulletin No. 1, 1932 ;  Sumpter, 1929 ;  Smith Copper, 1931.
References (Mainland and Islands).—Alexandria, 1933, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Blue
Bells, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Cambria Copper Company, 1928-29; Central Copper and Gold Company (Vananda), 1928-29;   Colossus, 1929;   Copper Bowl, 1928;  Doratha Morton (Hercules), WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 7
Bulletin No. 1, 1932, 1933; Douglas Pine, 1930; Geiler, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Gem Gold Mines,
Limited (B.C. Gold Mines, Limited), Bulletin No. 1, 1932, 1933; Hayden Bay Gold Mines,
Limited, 1933 ; Inca, 1929-30; John Bull, 1926; Juneau, Bulletin No. 1, 1932 ; Lasqueti Mining
Company, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Lucky Jim, 1916, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Malaspina Mines,
Limited, 1927-29; Marjorie, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Nancy Bell, 1927; Romana Copper Mines,
Limited, 1928-29-30; Santana Copper Syndicate, 1929-30; Solyman and Freya, 1930; Sonora
Gold Mines, Limited, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Stromberg, 1927; Tatlayoko Lake Gold Mines, Limited, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Thurlow Gold Mines, Limited, Bulletin No. 1, 1932, 1933; White
Pine, Bulletin No. 1, 1932;   Wyho, 1927.
Vancouver Island Section.
This property  includes  the  Georgina,  Bessie,  Margaret,  Louise,  and Josie
Georgina. claims, all locations, owned by F. A. Whitehouse, of Nanoose Bay, and associates. The claims are situated within a quarter of a mile of the main
Island highway, 1% miles north of Nanoose Bay Post-office. A short trail leads from the road
to the principal showings located on the west bank of Nanoose creek, just below a small timber
dam constructed several years ago.
The mineralization, consisting of quartz, chalcopyrite, and associated gold and silver values,
occurs in greenstone volcanics, presumably members of the Vancouver Island volcanic series,
just west of a fault separating the greenstones from younger conglomerates of Upper Cretaceous
age. The fault follows the creek-bed in the vicinity of the mineralization so far uncovered.
Several open-cuts and trenches have indicated the occurrence of narrow fissures in the greenstone, all mineralized with quartz and occasionally with sulphides.
The main open-cut and shaft-workings, just below the dam, have disclosed two or three
very narrow parallel (1 to 14 inches in width) Assures, strike approximately north 75 degrees
west, dip 78 degrees north-east. The fissures, exposed for 35 feet, narrow to fractures in width
as they are followed away from the fault, suggesting that a search towards the fault might
indicate better widths of vein-filling. Development in this latter direction is seriously interfered with by the flow of water in the creek, but the owner is at present sinking a winze from
the open-cut and intends to drift south-easterly under the creek as soon as sufficient depth has
been gained.
The writer took several samples at the property. A channel sample, five cuts, across fissure-
widths of iy> to 4 inches, along a length of 20 feet, assayed 0.16 oz. gold per ton, 0.05 oz. silver
per ton, and 0.4 per cent, copper per ton. Selected sulphides, which occur in the vein-filling in
widths up to 12 to 14 inches and in irregular bunches, have been sorted from the deposit, a 1-ton
shipment of such ore to the Tacoma smelter assaying 1.22 oz. gold per ton, 0.35 oz. silver per
ton, and 5 per cent, copper. Another sample of approximately % ton of selected sulphide ore
from the above workings assayed 1.60 oz. gold per ton, 0.6 oz. silver per ton, and 7.4 per cent,
Approximately half a mile to the south-west and at 300 feet elevation a series of quartz-
filled fissures, sparingly mineralized with pyrite, occur in schistose rocks. Assays from these
showings returned no values in gold.
Shoal Bay-Phillips Arm Section.
This area is reached by Coast steamships to Shoal Bay and surrounding points. The most
important operations are only briefly reviewed here as most of them have been reported on at
length in previous publications of the Department of Mines.
At this property, on the north shore of Phillips arm, and some 2 miles from
Alexandria       Shoal bay by boat, the Premier Gold Mining Company, with a crew of twenty-
Gold Mines, Ltd. five to thirty men under the superintendency of S. M. Manning, and later
J. C McCutcheon, started an aggressive development programme early in
1934, discontinuing their work in the summer months.    It is recently reported that R. Crowe-
Swords, of Vancouver, has the property under personal option.
The Premier Company unwatered the shaft and did an appreciable amount of drifting and
crosscutting on the 100- and 200-foot levels. The shaft-pumps failed temporarily and the underground workings below sea-level had  to be abandoned pending the recovery  of  the pumps. F 8 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
During this period No. 2 adit-level, approximately 50 feet above sea-level, and the main (or
No. 1) adit-level were extended north along the mineralized shear-zone, which at this property
is found in a bed of highly altered sedimentary rocks between two granite sills or stocks.
The underground workings were all carefully sampled by the Premier Company, the results
of some hundreds of carefully taken channel samples checking very closely the figures obtained
by engineers who had formerly sampled the mine. It is indicated that the values, chiefly pyrite
and some chalcopyrite, with which is associated gold and silver, are confined to that portion of
the shear-zone between the portal and the flat-dipping fault on No. 1 level. In this area it
appears that there have been two periods of mineralization ; the first period during which the
quartz and pyrite was deposited, and the second period subsequent to faulting, when quartz,
chalcopyrite, pyrite, and the associated gold values were deposited. This is indicated by the
distribution of values as obtained by sampling, the best values coming in the section of the shear
underlying the fault, while past it very little in the way of values were found. Ore-zones were
located by sampling on the main or No. 1 level and on the 100-foot level, with almost negative
results being obtained on the 200-foot and No. 2 levels.
About 15,000 tons of material assaying approximately 0.30 oz. gold per ton is indicated in
the ore-shoot between No. 1 and 100-foot levels, due allowance being made for the extension of
the ore some distance above and below the two levels mentioned.
Following the dropping of the option by the Premier Gold Mining Company, the property
was placed in charge of a watchman. Power mining equipment, camps, and boat-landing facilities
are a part of the property equipment. The power equipment is driven by a 116-132-horse-power
Crossley Diesel engine.
This company's property, which is located on the west side of Phillips arm
Enid-Julie       between the Alexandria and the Doratha Morton properties, is reached by
Mines, Ltd.      boat to the beach and a steep 2-mile trail to the mine camp at 2,100 feet elevation.    During the early part of 1934 a crew of eleven to fifteen men was
employed in driving the 780-foot level to get under  the shaft showing,  located  780 feet in
elevation above and 800 to 1,000 feet beyond the portal.    This adit was in 284 feet as at June,
1934, and the work was discontinued a few weeks later.    The working followed a quartz-filled
shear, mineralized with pyrite, in the altered sedimentary rocks of the area.    The shear followed
by the adit is not considered to be the same one on which the shaft is sunk.
At the upper (or shaft) showing, where high gold values are reported to have been obtained
across 1%- to 3%-foot widths, the writer took three channel samples across widths of 3% and 3
feet respectively of quartz mineralization. The average gold content obtained on assay of these
samples was 0.1 oz. per ton. A selected sample showing approximately 3 per cent, galena and
pyrite assayed 0.85 oz. gold per ton, but little or no mineralization of this character was visible
in the well-defined shear at this shaft. A short distance downhill from the 10-foot shaft the
quartz-filling pinches in width and at 60 to 80 feet distance it disappears as a narrow stringer
under the overburden.
The property is equipped with a camp, a small gasoline-driven portable compressor, and
necessary machines. It is understood that operations have been suspended since early in
July, 1934.
This property is owned by the Hercules Consolidated Mining, Smelting, and
Doratha Morton. Power Company, Limited, which is capitalized at 10,000,000 shares of $1 pat-
value, and has several holdings in British Columbia, including a group of
some seventy-three claims in the Phillips Arm district. The claims held by the company include
sixty-four claims by location and the following nine Crown-granted claims: Doratha Morton,
Doratha Morton Fraction., Percy, Africa, Coma® Fraction, Chimnang, Eva, Douglas, and Banker.
J. Y. McCarter, of Vancouver, is the managing director.
Phillips arm is approximately 120 miles by boat from Vancouver, and the claims, approximately 3.400 acres in area, cover the strike of a mineralized shear-zone which extends to the
north-west of the Alexandria and Enid-Julie properties on the wesf side of Phillips arm. The
principal workings are located on the Marble and Doratha Morton claims ; the Marble claim camp
being situated on the shore of Fanny bay, 1 mile north of the main beach camp, and the Doratha
Morton workings and mine camp being situated approximately 2 miles by road and trail west
of the beach camp and at an elevation of 2,300 to 2,600 feet above sea-level. An aerial tramway
of light construction was built in 1934 to transport supplies to the upper camp. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 9
The Doratha Morton group of claims was first worked in 1898 and late in 1899, the operation
being closed after about 10,000 tons of ore, yielding approximately 10,000 oz. silver and 4,434 oz.
gold, had been mined and treated in the cyanide-mill which the company had erected at tidewater. This mill, the first cyanide-mill in the Province, was connected to'the mine-workings
by an aerial tramway. Following the shut-down the milling plant and other mining machinery,
including compressors, tramway, etc., were dismantled and the property remained idle until
1924, when the Glasair Mining Corporation, of Vancouver, acquired title to the ground. This
company expended an appreciable amount of money in further developing the various mineral-
showings on the property. More recently title to the ground passed to the present company
and during 1934 a crew of up to thirty-five or forty men has been employed in the construction
of camps at the beach; building a light aerial tramway; constructing a road and trails from
the beach to the upper camp; driving a 409-foot adit on the Marble claim; and developing
various showings on the Dora+ha Morton claim, the scene of the original mine-workings.
The main zone of mineralization, best developed on the Doratha Morton claim, is a wide
shear-zone following a north-west and south-east strike along the contact of altered volcanic
and sedimentary rocks with granitic rocks of the Coast Range batholith. The shear-zone is
up to approximately 100 feet in width, possibly more, and the quartz mineralization, with which
is associated pyrite, gold, and silver, and occasionally chalcopyrite, is found occurring as veins,
stringers, and broken lenses, generally at and near the foot-wall side of the shear. In some
cases the mineralization has been found on the foot-wall of the shear. Several basic dykes
cut the veins.
The shear-zone has been definitely traced along a length of approximately 1,400 feet.
The old mine-workings consist of five adits, from two of which there are drifts aggregating
approximately 600 feet. The more recent work consists of open-cutting the westerly continuation of the shear-zone and the driving of a new adit (the 250 level) some 800 feet west of
No. 1 adit, to tap a mineralized section of the shear-zone at a depth of approximately 75 feet.
A short adit (the 100 level) was also started below outcrop showings situated 400 feet west
of No. 1 adit.
In the most westerly working on the shear-zone, approximately 70 feet from the western
boundary of the Doratha Morton claim, two channel samples taken across widths of 2y2 and 3
feet averaged but a trace in gold and silver, while a representative grab sample of 500 lb. of
sorted quartz pieces from the shear-filling assayed 0.1 oz. gold per ton and 0.8 oz. silver per ton.
Approximately 75 feet easterly from this cut a quartz-filling in the shear was sampled across
a width of 5 feet and the assay value was 0.08 oz. gold per ton. This cut is directly above the
projected' end of the new 250 level adit, wherein crosscutting is being continued.
At 240 feet east of the first, cut and 165 feet from the last-mentioned cut the company
has opened up a small stope, from which has been extracted the ore shipped to the Tacoma
smelter. Two samples across widths of 24 inches in the best section and 48 inches in the
hanging-wall section assayed 5.36 oz. gold and 0.02 oz. gold respectively. A sample across
the possible continuation of the shear-filling underground near by assayed 0.04 oz. gold across
a width of 34 inches of quartz and iron oxidation. In the 250 level crosscut two zones of
quartz have been encountered, the first at 50 feet from the portal and the second at 122 feet
from the portal (the face on November 7th, 1934). Both quartz-fillings were sampled across
widths of 30 inches and 24 inches respectively and returned assays of 0.12 oz. gold and 0.02 oz.
gold per ton. From the above assays on this part of the property it is seemingly apparent
that the values are associated with the heavy pyritic mineralization.
To the east of the creek and some 500 feet east of the first-menfioned cut the 100-foot level
adit is under an open-cut exposure of sulphide and quartz shear-filling in the volcanics. Two
samples taken here gave low gold values, while a cut 35 feet to the east of this level and across
a quartz-width of 30 inches, partially oxidized, assayed a trace in gold.
In No. 1 east, cut, which is 90 feet east of the new 100-foot level, a strong showing of
sulphide mineralization and quartz has been stripped over a length of 12 to 15 feet. Five
channel samples in this area over widths of 10 inches to 2 feet 6 inches assayed from a trace
to 0.3 oz. gold per ton; the average value of the mineralization over a length of 15 feet and
an average width of 3.6 feet being 0.19 oz. gold per ton. This showing is worth further
development along its strike and depth. F 10
Just above the western end of the old stoped section of the mine an open-cut 40 feet long
opened up a zone of quartz-pyrite mineralization in the schistose rocks. This was sampled
at 10-foot intervals along the strike, the four channel samples averaging 0.14 oz. gold over
an average width of 2.2 feet, the highest and lowest assays here being 0.2 oz. gold and 0.04 oz.
gold per ton.
In the old underground workings thirty-one samples taken by the writer, with four
exceptions, assayed from nil to 0.16 oz. gold per ton, the majority being but a trace or less than
0.1 oz. gold per ton. Of the four samples better than the general run, one assayed 0.8 oz.
gold per ton across a width of 19 inches of sulphides in a short hanging-wall crosscut and
drift on the west end of No. 1 level; another assayed 0.42 oz. gold per ton across a width of 5 feet
of the quartz-filled shear 320 feet east of No. 1 adit-crosscut; another assayed 0.4 oz. gold per
ton across a width of 3.9 feet at a point 340 feet east of No. 1 adit-crosscut; and the fourth
assayed 0.5 oz. gold per ton across a width of 5 feet, 30 feet north of the main drift on No. 1
level.    This last sample is in the so-called low-grade zone of silicification.
In No. 3 level only traces in gold and silver were obtained in the eight channel samples
Since the writer visited the property the new 100-foot level has been driven a total length
of 47 feet from the portal. The average of twenty-one samples taken by C C. Starr for the
last 28 feet of the drift-length are reported to show an average width of 2.45 feet and a gold
content of 0.74 oz. per ton. The 250-foot level has been extended 8 feet- past the hanging-wall
of the shear-zone at 140 feet from the portal, and a drift at 55 feet in from the portal has been
driven 19 feet on the quartz-filling. This assays, according to Starr's samples, 1.02 oz. gold
per ton across an average width of 3 feet sampled by him.
These later results are encouraging and will require further work to delimit the showings.
The main section of the old workings proved disappointing as to values when sampled. The
mineralization on No. 3 level at 2,315 feet elevation is sparse and low grade. Some sections
toward the west end of the No. 1 adit-level may contain values, possibly under the sill-floor
of the stopes from which the original company mined the ore for the old cyanide plant.
The present operators have made several small shipments of ore, aggregating possibly
30 to 40 tons, from the old No. 2 workings, to the west of the creek and between the 250 level
and the new 100 level. The shipments have contained between 1.58 and 2.89 oz. gold per ton
and about 6 or 7 oz. silver per ton. The small segment of the vein from which this ore was
obtained has been cut off by a fault, and the continuation of the ore beyond the fault has not,
as yet, been picked up.
The Marble adit, at sea-level, is driven for 409 feet in granitic rocks. Several narrow beds
of sedimentary rocks are encountered in this length, but no mineralization other than occasional
segregations of pyrrhotite and pyrite is exposed.
This property, formerly owned by Seymour Campbell, of Shoal Bay, consists
Shoal Bay        of nine claims, two of which, the White Pine and Electric, are Crown-granted.
Mining Syndicate Early in 1934 the ground was acquired by the Shoal Bay Mining Syndicate
(White Pine     and active development with a crew of four to six men under the supervision
Group). of S. Campbell continued throughout the year.    The claims are reached by
an old logging-road and trail from Shoal Bay, the distance to the present
workings being about 2 miles from tide-water. Shoal Bay is a regular port of call by Union
Steamships from Vancouver.
A brief description of the workings is given in Bulletin No. 1, 1932. The mineralization
consists of massive quartz veins in fissures and quartz lenses frozen in granitic rocks of the
Coast Range batholith. The veins and lenses are from 6 to 20 feet in width, and in places are
heavily mineralized with pyrrhotite, pyrite, and small associated gold values.
On the Electric and White Pine claims considerable surface and underground work was
done many years ago. The most easterly working, an open-cut, shows massive pyrite-pyrrhotite
mineralization in an irregular quartz-outcrop. The foot-wall is not in evidence in the cut,
but there is an indicated width of 10 to 12 feet of quartz, slightly oxidized. Approximately
60 feet west of this cut and 30 feet higher in elevation at 700 feet above sea-level, a 26-foot
shaft (No. 1 shaft) shows a vein-width of 10 feet. Parts of the vein are mineralized with
massive bunches of sulphides. A representative sample of the dump at this shaft assayed
a trace in gold per ton. Cuts to the west of this shaft indicate the continuity of the quartz
mineralization for possibly 200 feet along a strike of north 80 degrees west. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 11
About 1,200 feet west of the above shaft, and on the White Pine claim at 830 feet elevation,
there is an adit (No. 1 tunnel) 165 feet long. This working, driven on a north 17 degrees west
bearing, intersects a 5-foot vein 75 feet from the portal. The vein strikes north 70 degrees
west and dips at 70 degrees to the north-east. A chip sample across 5 feet of vein material
in this working is reported by J. F. Coates to assay 0.04 oz. gold per ton. At 165 feet north
39 degrees west from the adit portal, and at 915 feet elevation above sea-level, there is a 74-foot
shaft (No. 2 shaft) on an 8-foot vein of quartz, containing about 5 per cent, pyrite. Selected
samples containing up to 1.10 oz. gold per ton have been reported by the syndicate from this
shaft. Generally the values are low in gold. It would appear that a fault between the adit
and the shaft has offset the vein as exposed in the shaft about 60 feet to the north. A 40-foot
crosscut from the face of the present adit on a westerly bearing should intersect the vein about
20 feet below the shaft-bottom. The vein has been traced for 175 feet west of the shaft, where
it is again cut off by a fault.
Approximately 1,000 feet in a north 40 degrees west direction from No. 2 shaft, the syndicate
has done considerable open-cut and underground work during 1934. An open-cut at 1,000 feet
elevation shows a narrow width of oxidized quartz in the granite. A short distance to the
east, at 1,015 feet elevation, No. 2 adit has been driven about 60 feet south 60 degrees west.
Heavy sulphide mineralization was found across widths of 6 to 12 feet in this adit. A sample
representative of 10 tons of sulphide mineralization from this working when it was in 16 feet
was taken by the writer. The sample assayed 0.32 oz. gold per ton. Open-cuts to the southwest (up the hill)  indicate the continuation of the quartz mineralization for 200 to 250 feet.
Since the writer visited the property in June, 1934, it is reported by S. Campbell that No. 3
adit was started below No. 2 adit, and that 35 feet of drifting exposed mineralization in bunches
and stringers of sulphides along the granite shear. Surface work is also reported to have been
done recently between No. 2 shaft and No. 2 adit, and on another vein outcropping to the north
of No. 2 adit.    A camp for five men was erected during 1934.
Texada Island Section.
This property, owned by Hugh McMillan, of Nanaimo, is said to consist of
Nancy Bell. ten Crown-granted mineral claims and one held on location, including the
Silvertip, Nancy Bell, Dundee, Surprise, Copper King, Hillside, Apacha,
Retriever, Silver Plume, R.A.M., and Westgate claims. They are situated on the south-western
slope of Surprise mountain near the north end of Texada island and approximately 3% miles
due south-west from Vananda bay. Access to the property is by road (4 miles) and trail 1%
miles from Vananda. The general rock formation is a basic porphyry (basic fine-grained
porphyritic rock in the vicinity of the Nancy Bell claim) and limestone-beds of the Marble Bay
formation. The mineralization occurs in shears and fissures in the porphyry and consists of
quartz, pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, sphalerite, and associated gold and silver values.
On the Nancy Bell claim a 48-foot shaft at 1,090 feet elevation and one or two open-cuts
have disclosed a shear carrying iron, copper, lead, and zinc sulphides. A sample taken to
represent about 15 tons of sorted ore at the shaft assayed: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton; silver, 2 oz.
per ton; copper, 0.7 per cent.; lead, 0.7 per cent.; zinc, 17.8 per cent.; while another sample
from a similar pile of ore on the south side of the shaft-collar assayed: Gold, 0.30 oz. per ton;
silver, 1.5 oz. per ton; copper, 2.4 per cent.; lead, trace; zinc, 10 per cent. Further work
might be done on the surface to the north-west of the shaft along the strike of the shear in
order to test out the continuity and grade of the mineralization in view of the above values.
Very little can be seen on the Silvertip, Surprise, Copper King, and Retriever claims of the
group at the present time, due to the caved condition of the several shafts and adit-workings
thereon. These claims have been described in past Annual Reports (1921-23-26) and in Memoir
58 of the Geological Survey of Canada, " Texada Island, B.C." During 1934 a zone of mineralization, heavily impregnated with iron oxides and containing minor amounts of copper, lead,
and zinc sulphides, was uncovered by trenching to the south-east of the old Surprise shaft.
A grab sample representing the material excavated from five large open-cuts assayed: Gold
and silver, trace; copper, 0.5 per cent.; zinc, 1.8 per cent. Another sample representing several
tons of oxidized material from a long cut 100 feet south of the above five cuts assayed: Gold,
0.04 oz. per ton;   silver, 0.10 oz. per ton;   copper, 2.4 per cent.;   lead, trace;   zinc, 3 per cent. F 12 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
Tatlayoko Lake Section.
Several descriptions of the general topography, accessibility, mineral-showings, and possibilities of this area have been published in past Annual Reports of the Department of Mines
(1910, 1916, 1921) : also the 1924 Summary Report, Part A, of the Geological Survey of Canada.
Very little work has been done in the way of development since Brewer and Dolmage wrote
their reports, and the following notes are simply for the purpose of bringing the foregoing
reports up to date.
This company acquired the Morris property from the Tatlayoko Gold Mining
Bridge Island Company, Limited, early in 1934. The claims, six in number, and including
Gold Mines, Ltd. the Tatlico, Tyee, Isaac, Spokane, Copper Dyke, and Copper Dyke Extension
Crown-granted claims, are situated about 4 miles south-east of the southern
end of Tatlayoko lake at an elevation of 6.000 to 7.000 feet above sea-level. The only means of
access to the property at present is by motor-road for 170 miles west of the Pacific Great Eastern
Railway at Williams Lake to the north end of Tatlayoko lake, and thence 16 miles by launch
to the wagon-road at, the south end of the lake. This road, 3 miles in length, has been built to
the company's camp on Mathews creek near their power-plant site. From this camp it is
4 to 5 miles by trail and a 3,000-foot climb to the mine camp and workings. It is approximately
53 miles from the property down the Homathko river to Bute inlet and tide-water, but the
country traversed is exceptionally rugged and to date there is not even a passable Indian or
trapper's trail along this route.
During 1934 the present holding company established boat-landings at both ends of Tatlayoko
lake; built several miles of road and trail to gain access on an easy grade to the mine-workings;
established a semi-permanent camp at the power-site and a temporary camp at the mine;
geologically and topographically mapped the area in the vicinity of the mine-workings both
on the surface and underground ; further prospected the surface of the claims by open-cut
work and cleaned out the underground workings preparatory to the resumption of underground
The mineralization developed on the steep and rocky sides of a gulch at 6,000 to 6.500 feet
elevation consists of several veins of quartz in which the metallic mineral constituents are
arsenopyrite, stibnite, pyrite, and gold and silver values. Many different vein-outcrops have
been uncovered in an area of highly altered argillaceous rocks and fine-grained sandstones,
but the principal exploration-work has been confined to two of the veins, on each of which
several open-cuts and an adit have been excavated. The sedimentary rocks in the vicinity of
the adits are cut by numerous east-west and north-westerly-striking dykes, while a short distance
to the north-east of the portal of the upper (or No. 1) adit there is an outcrop of a quartz-
diorite stock. The dykes are up to 8 feet in width, dip at steep angles into the hill, and are
generally basaltic, although occasionally dykes of dioritic type are found. A thin bed of finegrained siliceous conglomerate outcrops between No. 1 and No. 2 adits.
No. 1 adit at 6,150 feet elevation is 382 feet long. It develops the underground continuation
of a portion of the 800-900-foot length of the Morris vein (main vein), which can be seen outcropping up the rocky hillside. The vein varies in width from a few inches to 4 feet, averaging
possibly 16 to 18 inches. The mineralization in places is well developed and an ore-shoot 150
feet long, averaging 20.5 inches wide and containing 0.53 oz. gold per ton and 8.5 oz. silver per
ton, is indicated by ten channel samples. Values up to 4.5 oz. gold per ton have been obtained
from vein-widths of 3% feet at the surface outcrop of this ore-shoot. At the inner end of this
adit the vein is lower in grade and at the face a dyke splits it. The vein strikes north 8 degrees
west and dips at 25 to 40 degrees into the hillside (north-east).
No. 2 adit at 6,015 feet elevation and 350 feet south 56 degrees west from No. 1 adit portal
is 255 feet long, the last 75 feet of it being a crosscut to the foot-wall of the narrow vein exposed
on this level. The vein varies in width up to 8 inches and strikes south 35 degrees to 40 degrees
east, with a dip of 65 degrees to the north-east. At 130 feet from the portal the vein is cut
by a narrow dyke and a fault of small displacement. Two samples across 8-inch widths of
vein assayed 0.7 oz. gold per ton and 13 oz. silver per ton.
Encouraging assays have been obtained from a new vein known as the Hume vein, the
outcrop location being at an elevation of 6,500 feet and 500 feet south 73 degrees east from No. 1
adit portal. The writer took two channel samples across vein-widths of 34 inches and 36 inches,
the average assay being 0.36 oz. gold per ton and 3 oz. silver per ton. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 13
In 1935 the company contemplates extensive surface exploration and further underground
development, particularly on No. 1 adit-level.
This property, owned by J. I. Feeney and associates, of Vancouver, includes
Feeney. the following nineteen mineral claims, all held on location:   Langara Nos. 1
to S, inclusive, Braemar, Standard, Argo Nos. 1 and 2, Federal, Mary, Joan,
Helen Nos. 1 and 2, and Tatla Nos. 1 and 2. The claims are situated on both sides of the South
fork of Feeney (Ottarasko) river, about 10 miles by fair pack-trail in a north-westerly direction
from the southern end of Tatlayoko lake. The mineral-showings were first discovered many
years ago by Mr. Feeney, who relocated them before the present exploration and development
work was started.
The mineralization consists of quartz veins, in places well mineralized with arsenopyrite,
pyrite, and associated gold and silver values. The veins are found cutting highly altered
sediments, principally argillites and quartzites, in the vicinity of tongues and stocks of diorite.
The diorite intrusions are in all probability related to the granitic rocks of the Coast Range
batholith, which outcrop within comparatively short, distances of the showings. Numerous
dark basaltic dykes are found cutting the formation.
For convenience in description, the workings, with the exception of one short adit, are
described from south-east to north-west across the property.
On the Langara showings, about 1 mile by trail and 1,100 to 1,300 feet in elevation above
the camp, one main vein and several smaller veins have been uncovered. The most easterly vein,
at 6,000 feet elevation, strike south 80 degrees east, dip 80 degrees south-west, varies in width
from 2 to 20 inches and has been traced up the mountain-side for 300 feet. A channel sample
across two 20-inch cuts on the vein, mineralized with arsenopyrite and pyrite, assayed: Gold,
0.08 oz. per ton ; silver, 0.3 oz. per ton; arsenic, 17 per cent. About 500 feet to the west of this
vein and at an elevation of from 5,650 to 5,850 feet, a well-defined vein, strike south 53 degrees
east, dip 60 degrees south-west, has been uncovered for a length of possibly 350 to 400 feet, with
showings in the bluffs above the open-cuts indicating greater length. A branch of this vein,
strike north 30 degrees west, dip vertical, intersects the main vein at 5,900 feet elevation on
the surface. These veins occur in a diorite stock close to its contact with argillaceous sediments,
the vein continuing into the argillites. The main vein averages possibly 4 feet in width where
exposed, the branch vein being 2 feet wide. The writer took five samples across widths of from
21 to 54 inches, the average assay being 0.16 oz. gold per ton and 22.6 oz. silver per ton. The
owners report having had considerably better but still low-grade values from this section of the
property, and further work should be done on the showings to prove their real merit.
On the west side of the South fork of Feeney river and at 5,820 feet elevation on the
Standard claim, a massive showing of arsenopyrite-pyrite mineralization, occurring as a replacement in the argillites on either side of a north 20 degrees west vertical shear, has been exposed
by an open-cut. Two samples representing a mineralized width of 6 feet were taken. The
assay returned 0.24 oz. gold per ton and 0.15 oz. silver per ton. The mineralization has been
shown up for a length of possibly 250 feet and varies from 2 to 6 feet in width.
About 2,000 feet to the north-west on the Argo claim several north-south-striking fissure-
veins in cherty argillites have been uncovered by trenching. Seven mineralized fractures, varying
from 1 to 4 inches in width, occur within a width of 50 feet. Selected material assayed 0.13 oz.
gold per ton, trace in silver, and 28.5 per cent, arsenic.
Approximately 1,000 feet to the west at 5,700 feet elevation a 4- to 6-foot quartz vein, strike
north 30 degrees west, dip vertical, was discovered during 1934. A chip sample of the vein
exposed in a small creek assayed 0.24 oz. gold per ton and 2 per cent, arsenic. This showing
requires and justifies considerable exploration-work before its value will be properly known.
The property is located in a geologically favourable area, and the widespread and uniform
mineralization found with the limited prospecting it has been possible to do in the past year
warrants further exploration.
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Section.
This group of eight claims—Exchange, Brandywine, May, June, August, Dan,
Brandywine.     Den, and Cypress—is owned by Wm. Barclay and Wm. Anderson, of Brandy-
wine Falls.    The claims are situated 2 miles up the Brandywine river by F 14
trail from the falls at the Pacific Great Eastern Railway. The mineralization consists of quartz-
filled fissures and lenses of quartz in a wide zone of schistose greenstones and sericitic schists
which here occur surrounded by granodiorite of the Coast Range batholith. Development-work
in the past, described in the 1927 Annual Report and Bulletin No. 1, 1932, has shown up several
low-grade showings of quartz mineralized with small amounts of pyrite, galena, and sphalerite,
carrying small gold and silver values. The writer took four samples of representative mineralization from the various workings and obtained traces of gold and silver upon assay in three
of the samples'. The fourth sample, taken across a 12-inch vein at 1,900 feet elevation and
up-stream opposite the owner's cabin, assayed 0.06 oz. gold per ton, 0.6 oz. silver per ton, and
1 per cent. lead. This vein, varying in width from 8 to 14 inches, has been drifted on in a
southerly direction for 86 feet, the vein being on the hanging-wall side of an acid-porphyry
dyke which cuts the granodiorite of the immediate area. The owners report having obtained
high gold values from this last-mentioned working, and some further prospecting is planned
in view of the results they have to date.
This group, consisting of eight claims—Blue Jack Nos. 1 to S, inclusive—
Blue Jack.       situated on the west side of the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, 3 miles by
trail from  Brandywine falls,  is owned  by the  Blue Jack  Mines,  Limited.
A. E. Snow, one of the original owners, is the Vancouver representative of the company.    The
property is described in some detail in the 1927 and 1930 Annual Reports of this Department.
The showings are exposed above and below the camp cabins at 2,250 feet elevation, along
either side of a shear-zone in schistose greenstone exposed on both sides of a small southerly-
flowing tributary of the Brandywine river.
The lowest showing, on the banks of the river at the outlet of the creek, shows 12 inches
of sparse galena-pyrite mineralization of indefinite length in the schist. At 2,200 feet elevation
a new low-level adit below the two upper adits at 2,600 and 2,650 feet elevation respectively was
started in 1933 and driven north 35 degrees east for 100 feet through overburden.
At 2,475 feet elevation, on the west bank of the creek, a small open-cut in the schist shows
segregations of galena and quartz mineralization a few inches wide and short exposed length.
A selected sample of mineral from this exposure assayed 1.22 oz. gold per ton, 1 oz. silver
per ton, 1.2 per cent, lead, and 4 per cent. zinc. At 2,700 feet elevation and approximately
200 feet west of the main showings to be described, stripping has exposed galena and sphalerite
mineralization in quartz stringers along a length of 20 feet and over a width of 14 to 24 inches.
A sample taken across a width of 24 inches of the best mineralization in the schist assayed
a trace of gold, silver, copper, and lead, and 2.5 per cent. zinc.
At 2,600 to 2,700 feet elevation along the creek-banks, open-cuts and two adits have exposed
pyrite-galena-sphalerite segregations over an aggregate width of 40 to 50 feet of a shear-zone in
schistose greenstone. The mineralization occurs as stringers and bunches across this width,
and no one segregation of mineral has any appreciable continuity along the trend of the
schistosity. A channel sample across a 7%-foot width of mineralization, on the east bank of the
creek at 2,675 feet elevation, assayed: Gold, 0.16 oz. per ton ; silver, 2.2 oz. per ton ; copper,
nil; lead, 0.8 per cent.; zinc, 1 per cent. The two adits, No. 2 at 2,650 feet elevation on the
west side of the creek and No. 1 at 2,600 feet elevation on the east side of the creek, expose small
segregations of sulphide mineralization near the portal of No. 2 and in a short crosscut to the
west from the face of this working, and in the present face of No. 1 adit-crosscut.
The occurrence of good gold values with the sulphides justifies further prospecting in the
area, and this should be done before any long crosscut adits are considered.
This group of fourteen claims, including the Astra, Cardiff, Cambria, Doffofy,
Astra and        Dick. Harry, Pal, Progress, Ruth, and Tom claims, all held on location, is
Cambria.        situated about 1 mile to the north-west of the Blue Jack group.    The same
trail serves both properties, the distance from the Pacific Great Eastern Railway being 4 miles to the cabins at 3,250 feet elevation.    The claims are owned by Frank Price,
of Vancouver, and associates.
Several zones of disseminated low-grade galena-sphalerite mineralization with narrow lenses
of more massive sulphides have been developed by open-cuts in schistose greenstone found in
association with diorite tongues of the Coast Range batholith. Of those examined- the zone
developed by four large and several smaller open-cuts at 3,250 feet elevation and approximately
2,500 feet north-westerly from the cabin is the largest in areal extent.    This showing is called WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 15
No. 6 lead and mineralization over a length of 600 to 800 feet and up to 65 to 75 feet in width
is indicated by open-cut work. No. 4 cut at the south end of the open-cut workings was sampled
by taking chip samples from the 15-foot width of sulphide mineralization, principally pyrite
with galena and sphalerite; the sample assaying 0.40 oz. gold per ton, 2 oz. silver per ton, trace
in copper, 2.6 per cent, lead, and 4 per cent. zinc. Approximately 175 feet north 35 degrees west
of No. 4 cut is No. 3 cut, which shows similar sulphide mineralization of the greenstones, and
a representative sample of the 16-foot-wide exposure assayed : Gold, trace ; silver, 1 oz. per ton ;
copper, nil;  lead, nil;  zinc, 2.5 per cent.
No. 2 cut, 30 feet north 35 degrees west from No. 3 cut, indicates a width of 30 feet of
sulphide mineralization and a grab sample from the entire exposure assayed: Gold, trace;
silver, 1.5 oz. per ton; copper, nil; lead, 1 per cent.; zinc, 3 per cent. No. 1 cut, a short
distance north-west from No. 2 cut, indicates a 75-foot width to the zone of mineralization
and a chip sample from forty or fifty places in the open-cut assayed: Gold, trace; silver,
1.5 oz. per ton ; copper, trace ; lead, 1.4 per cent.; zinc, 4 per cent. From the various exposures
it is indicated the zone strikes north 35 degrees west and dips at 65 degrees into the hill
Approximately 600 feet to the south-east and at 2,960 feet elevation a long open-cut in
schistose rocks, partly silicified, exposes what is regarded as the hanging-wall of the zone, the
strike and dip of the mineralization being the same as above. One sample from the open-cut
face assayed: Gold, 0.14 oz. per ton ; silver, 1.5 oz. per ton ; zinc, trace; while a sample from
an open-cut above the long open-cut assayed : Gold, trace ; silver, 2 oz. per ton ; copper, trace ;
lead, 0.8 per cent.;   zinc, 3 per cent.
Several other showings of sulphide mineralization have been located by prospecting along
a northerly-flowing tributary of the North fork of the Cheakamus river, about 1 mile to the
north-west of the cabin at 2,400 feet elevation. Assays of a 15-foot sample from one such
showing (No. 5 vein showing) contained only a trace in zinc. Above this showing, on the
same small creek at 2,850 feet elevation, a 24-inch quartz vein, strike north 15 degrees west,
dip 60 degrees south-west, has been opened up by open-cuts and a shallow shaft. A sample
of the mineralized portion of this vein assayed: Gold, 0.06 oz. per ton; silver, 1 oz. per ton;
copper, trace;   lead, 1 per cent.;   zinc, 4 per cent.
Within 1,500 feet of the cabin and above a small pond on the divide between the Brandywine
and Cheakamus rivers a mineralized replacement of limestone by galena occurs close to the
contact of the limestone and the underlying serpentinized and chloritized greenstone-schists,
in the vicinity of a quartz-porphyry dyke.
The widespread distribution of the mineralization, though low in grade, indicates that the
area is worthy of further prospecting.
References.—Barkoola, 1930; Blue Lead, 1930; Cox claims, 1928; Dandy (Mayflower),
1930; Empress, 1.931; Faith (Silver Chief Mining Company, Limited) (Providence), Bulletin
No. 1, 1932; Lucky Four, 1931; Money Spinner, 1930; Mountain Goat, Bulletin No. 1, 1932;
Pitt Mining Company, 1930; Sleese Creek Mining and Development Company, 1929; Wissota
and Zenith, 1929.
This property, comprising the Money Spinner, Wonderful, Prince, Golden
Money Spinner Queen, Tellurium, Free Gold, Neptune, and Star Crown-granted mineral
Gold Mines, Ltd. claims, is situated 16 miles north-west of Tipella by trail on the north side
(N.P.L.).        of Fire lake, on the southern slope of Fire mountain.    Tipella is 42 miles
by boat north of Harrison Hot Springs, and Harrison Hot Springs is 6 miles
from Agassiz, on the Canadian Pacific Railway, or 90 miles by road from Vancouver.
The principal showing on the property is a well-defined quartz fissure-vein averaging 4 feet
in width, strike almost north-south, dip 50 degrees to 40 degrees west. The vein occurs in
fine-grained to porphyritic greenstone, profoundly sheared in many areas to greenstone-schist.
The vein is well banded and sheared between gouge-filled walls. This vein is on the Money
Spinner claim and it outcrops at 4,900 feet elevation above sea-level. It is at this point that
the principal workings are located.
No. 1 adit, 4,900 feet elevation, is caved at 250 feet from the portal, but is stated to have
been driven 420 feet along the strike of the vein.    At 83 feet from the portal a winze was sunk
on the vein for 84 feet, and from the bottom of the winze two short drifts aggregating 35 feet
in length were driven on the vein. At 138 feet a raise was driven 80 feet up on the vein,
following it almost to the surface.    Two small stopes were excavated at the bottom of this raise.
No. 1 level shows the vein to be well defined and mineralized with small amounts of pyrite.
Occasional samples showing free gold in small amounts have been found along the fracturing
in the banded vein. Five channel samples taken across vein-widths varying from 30 to 49 inches
in this level and in the two small stopes from it showed traces in gold. Two samples, 250 and
230 feet from the portal, assayed 0.06 oz. gold per ton, while one sample across a 3-foot vein-
width in the stope assayed 0.16 oz. gold per ton. Two samples were taken from the vein at
the bottom of the winze across 3.5- and 5.7-foot vein-widths. These samples showed traces in
gold. A specimen showing a small quantity of free gold was found at the bottom of the winze-
workings. In the winze-workings there is evidence of a concentration of sulphides and it is
from this place that the former owners report having obtained excellent gold values.
Surface work has shown the continuation of the vein for several hundred feet. The
occurrence of reported good gold values at places warrants a thorough sampling of the vein
as exposed and the cleaning-out of the workings beyond the caved ground on the No. 1 level.
A short crosscut and drift from the new No. 2 adit-level, 125 feet below No. 1 level, would
definitely establish whether or not minable values are located below the winze from No. 1 level.
When the property was examined in October the new No. 2 adit was in 16 feet from the
This group of five Crown-granted claims—the Barkoola,  Toledo, Monterey,
Barkoola. Washington, and Golden Eagle—are located about 1 mile west of the Money
Spinner. A rough trail joins the two properties. The showings consist of
a number of narrow veins, most of them gash-veins, in greenstone, the quartz being mineralized
with traces of copper. On the Barkoola claim an adit at 5,100 feet elevation, 57 feet long in
a north-easterly direction, exposes a quartz vein up to 2 feet wide. A sample of three cuts
across 13 inches of quartz in the bottom on an 8-foot winze at the face of the working showed
only a trace in gold. A second sample of three cuts across 18 inches of quartz on the back of
the working assayed 0.04 oz. gold per ton.
On the Monterey claim, at 5,300 feet elevation and to the west of the Barkoola adit, are a
caved adit and shaft and a fairly large dump of quartz and greenstone, the quartz containing
slight copper mineralization. Quartz veins are found in greenstone here as at the other claims
of the group.    No work has been done on this property for many years.
This company owns by location a group of approximately sixty mineral claims
Richfield Cariboo staked along the north side of Fire creek and Fire lake. The claims include
Gold Mines, Ltd. the Blue Lead and King No. 1 claims, formerly owned by C. D. Morgan, of
Vancouver. The Money Spinner trail from Tipella and branch trails give
access to the various claim-workings. During 1934 two to four men were employed doing
assessment-work during the summer and autumn months.
The most westerly showing consists of four parallel gash-veins on the Blue Lead claim.
These veins are from 60 to 80 feet in length, vary from nothing to 18 inches in width at the
central portion, strike north 85 degrees east, and dip 43 degrees to 46 degrees north-east. On the
lowest vein at 5,450 feet elevation a 35-foot shaft was sunk several years ago. The vein exposed
in the shaft varies from 12 to 24 inches in width and a sample of four channel cuts across widths
of 16, 19, 20, and 24 inches, at 10-foot intervals, assayed a trace in gold. A grab sample of
the quartz-dump from this shaft assayed 0.04 oz. gold per ton. On the Blue Lead No. 1 vein,
400 feet north-west from the above winze, a gash-vein 20 feet long and 14 inches at its widest
part assayed: Gold, nil; silver, nil; copper, trace; across an average width sampled of 11 inches.
At 3,700 feet elevation at the west end of Fire lake and about 300 feet above there is
a 34-foot shaft on another gash-vein in the greenstone. This vein has an exposed length of
110 feet and a width of 6 to 14 inches. It strikes east and west and dips 26 degrees to the
north. The vein pinches to a fracture 15 feet down the shaft. Two channel samples at the
shaft-collar across an average width of 15 inches of quartz assayed: Gold, trace; while two
channel samples across an average width of 12.5 inches, 10 feet down the shaft, assayed: Gold,
0.02 oz. per ton. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 17
About 1 mile from the west end of Fire lake and close to the north shore-line there is a
massive outcrop of quartz in schistose greenstone. The quartz is white and shows practically
no mineralization other than a slight iron-oxide discoloration.
The King No. 1 vein is located to the east of the Money Spinner showings. It consists of
a series of short gash-veins 6 to 24 inches wide exposed along a length of 50 feet in the greenstone at 4,600 feet elevation. A chip sample from fourteen of the exposed gash-veins assayed
a trace in gold per ton. About 200 feet above and due north from this showing there is a
massive irregular outcrop of barren-looking quartz. The main King outcrop is located at 5,050
feet elevation and about 800 feet from the Money Spinner No. 1 adit. Here several gash-veins
varying up to 36 inches in width are exposed by open-cut work along a length of 150 feet.
Two samples of three cuts each over average widths of 14 inches and 9 inches on the largest of
these veins assayed:  Gold, nil.
A great number of similar gash-veins outcrop on the property, and from several of them
occasional specimens showing chalcopyrite and containing good gold values have been obtained,
but the average values of all the samples taken are practically nil.
Choate Section.
References.—Aurum, 1927-28-29-30-31-32; B.C. Nickel Mines, Limited, 1929-30-31-33;
Dawson, 1931-32-33 ; Emancipation (Dawson), 1915-18 to 1920, 1922 to 1927, 1929-30 ; Emigrant,
1917-18; Eureka, 1915-24-25-26; Home Gold, 1929-31-32-33; Home X, 1933; Master Ace,
1930-32-33; Pipestem (Home Gold), 1922-27-28-29-32; Pride of Emory (B.C. Nickel), 1924-
26-28-29 ;   Roddick, 1915 ;   Siwash Creek, 1915-22-23-26;   Star, 1933 ;   St. Patrick, 1933.
This property, comprising in all approximately 113 mineral claims, including
B.C. Nickel      the Pride of Emory group, is situated across the ridge between Choate and
Mines, Ltd.      Emory creeks, approximately 15 miles by road north-west of Hope.    Access to
the property is by means of a private road constructed by the company from
the main Cariboo highway at Choate.    This road is 7% miles long and climbs from an elevation
of about 100 feet above sea-level to No. 1 tunnel portal at 3,527 feet elevation.
During 1934 approximately 130 men were employed under the direction of C B. North,
engineer in charge, in furthering development-work on the extensive property holdings. Several
hundred acres of the company's claims were surveyed with a magnetometer of the Askania type
under the direction of E. E. Bergman, of Seattle. This work indicated approximately sixty-eight
areas of possible nickeliferous-pyrrhotite mineralization. On several of these indicated areas
test-pits were sunk to bed-rock and in every case nickeliferous mineralization was found to
occur where it had been indicated.
About 20,000 feet of diamond-drilling was also done during 1934, most of it being done
from underground stations in the No. 1 tunnel.
The general geology of the area has been described in some detail in the 1933 Summary
Report, Part A, Geological Survey of Canada.
The company's map which accompanies this report shows the general geology; the occurrence and location of the nickeliferous-pyrrhotite mineralization located by the magnetometer
survey, and the underground work done by the company in 1934. As shown on the map, the
Main (or No. 1) tunnel at 3,527 feet elevation was holed through in a length of 4,700 feet to
the Emory Creek side of the mountain. At 512 feet from the eastern portal (or Main camp
side) of this tunnel the 512 crosscut, to the north, had been advanced 1,125 feet at the end of
1934. At 1,617 feet from the eastern portal of No. 1 tunnel, the 1,617 north crosscut was in
84 feet in pyroxenite at December 31st, 1934, while the 1,907 north crosscut at 1,907 feet west
of the portal had been advanced a total of 147 feet at the end of the year. These development-
workings are being advanced at an exceptionally good rate of speed, it not being uncommon to
make 600 feet of progress in a heading in one month. The several crosscuts listed are being
driven for the purpose of getting under the various magnetometer indications, and as soon as
these workings have been advanced a sufficient distance, diamond-drilling will be used to delimit
and determine the possibilities of the ground on either side.
Diamond-drilling from this main tunnel has located in several holes widths of nickeliferous-
pyrrhotite mineralization averaging more than 1 per cent, nickel. F 18
In hole No. 36, which is located about 1,600 feet in from the eastern portal of the main
tunnel and which was drilled in a northerly direction, a width of 120 feet of nickeliferous-
pyrrhotite mineralization averaging 1.13 per cent, nickel was encountered. Of this 120 feet,
30 feet of what is presumably the hanging-wall section assayed 2.59 per cent, nickel.
In hole No. 37 from the same set-up and drilled at an angle of 30 degrees to the east
of hole 36, 30 feet of nickel-pyrrhotite mineralization averaging 1.08 per cent, nickel was
encountered. In holes 57, 60, 68, 70, 208, and 210, which were drilled southerly under the
Brunsicick group of showings near the west end of the main tunnel, good sections of mineralization have been encountered.
In hole No. 57, which is drilled in a southerly direction from the No. 1 tunnel at 3,837 feet
west of the eastern portal, a composite sample across a width of 60 feet assayed 1.09 per cent,
nickel and 0.37 per cent, copper. In hole No. 60 at the same set-up and drilled southerly at a
direction of 7% degrees to the east of No. 57 hole, a composite sample along a length of 49 feet
of core assayed 1.37 per cent, nickel and 0.3 per cent, copper. In hole No. 70, drilled in a
southerly direction from a point in the No. 1 tunnel, 367 feet east of the last two mentioned
holes, a core-length of 70 feet averaged 1.29 per cent, nickel.    In hole No. 208, drilled in a
\* * • * -I Pyroxenite
KVV-l Granodiorite
l::::-v-l Schist
I -•" ,. .-I Surface outline by Magnetometer
I'"'—'I Survey of Magnetic    bodies.
I   —-.   I Nickel mineralization previously
I  -.--' I exposed by trenching and drilling
I a™   I Areas tested by trenching (Nickel
| ^utg   | pyrrhotite mineralization ^.n* a..
B C Department   of   Mines
Plan showing the Workings, Rock Formations, and Mineralization on the Property of B.C. Nickel Mines, Ltd.
Prom Company's Maps.
southerly direction from the No. 1 tunnel at about 183 feet east of holes Nos. 57 and 60,
a composite sample along a length of 49 feet of drill-core assayed 1.44 per cent, nickel and
0.6 per cent, copper. In several diamond-drill holes short sections of core assaying more than
1 per cent, nickel have been encountered.
No. 2 adit, the portal of which is approximately 2,200 feet west of No. 1 tunnel and at an
elevation of 3,275 feet above sea-level, was advanced to a total distance of 2,208 feet from the
portal at the end of 1934. It is planned to continue this working in a westerly direction for
another 800 feet, at which point a connection will be made to the 512 north crosscut now being
driven from No. 1 tunnel. From No. 2 adit a large amount of diamond-drilling has been done
and in several holes nickel mineralization, generally of low grade, has been encountered. Hole
No. 79, which is located 1,706 feet in from the portal, was drilled in a north 21 degrees east
direction horizontally, and an average of 1.02 per cent, nickel and 0.45 per cent, copper was
obtained from 50 feet of core-length, with 20 feet of core-length averaging 1.67 per cent, nickel.
The property is equipped with its own hydro-electric plant which drives two Sullivan air-
compressors capable of providing 2,500 cubic feet of air per minute. Underground equipment
necessary for the rapid driving of the large development-workings includes three Nordberg- WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 19
Butler shovels, several switching-track sections, 25-cubic-foot steel cars of the Coeur d'Alene
type, Ingersoll-Rand and Gardner-Denver heavy-duty drifting-machines, and necessary steel-
sharpening shops. The surface mechanical shops are located at the eastern portal of the No. 1
tunnel. The company also owns and operates a sawmill capable of producing 15,000 feet board
measure daily to provide necessary timber used underground and in camp-construction. Comfortable camp accommodation for a crew of 130 men, 100 of whom work underground, has been
Diamond-drilling is conducted on a three-shift basis with two drills, the core from the
holes being stored and, when necessary, assayed at the property by the company's own staff.
A large amount of underground development and diamond-drilling work was done during
the year, but there still remains to be done a great deal of development to delimit the many
mineral indications which have been shown up on the property by the magnetometer survey.
It is expected that results in this work in the next six months will be sufficient and of such
character as to definitely indicate the commercial importance of this low-grade nickeliferous-
pyrrhotite occurrence.
The assays which are given in the above report were furnished through the courtesy of
C. B. North, the assays and sampling being done in the company's assay office.
This company's property, comprising thirty-four claims held on location, is
Ideal situated 4 miles north of Hope, on the Fraser River highway.    The camps,
Gold and Nickel power-house, and main adit are all within a few hundred yards of the road
Mines, Ltd.      and the main line of the Canadian Pacific Railway.    AV. T. Fairgreaves, of
Vancouver, is managing director for the company.    In the vicinity of the main
adit coarse-grained hornblende diorite is in contact with altered siliceous-feldspar tongues and
dykes, while at the Dam showings are schistose greenstone and talc.
The workings shown to the writer were: (1.) An open-cut 320 feet in elevation above the
adit in the bed of a small creek used as a source of water for the small Pelton installation.
Here there is an outcrop of lenses of quartz aggregating 34 inches in width in the talc-schist.
A sample across this width assayed a trace in gold and silver. (2.) A large open-cut at 940 feet
elevation, called the Upper cut, where pyrite mineralization occurs in granitic rocks; a representative sample of the exposure, 20 feet by 20 feet in area, assayed- trace in gold and silver.
(3.) The main adit, where several siliceous-feldspar zones in hornblende diorite have been crosscut by the 507-foot working. This working, driven 425 feet south 57 degrees west, with the last
80 feet south 50 degrees west, was found to cut two quartz sections, the first at 190 to 220 feet
from the portal and the second at 331 feet from the portal. The writer carefully cut six 5-foot
channel samples across the 30-foot width of the first showing intersected. All the samples,
upon assay, were found to contain only traces in gold and silver. Values of $8 to $14 per ton
in gold have been reported from this showing. The exposure at 331 feet from the portal was
sampled across its 36-inch width and found to assay only a trace in gold and silver.
The property is equipped with portable Ingersoll-Rand compressor, air-drills, etc., and a
camp. Work was carried out during the early part of 1934, but the property was idle when
examined in December.
Yale Section.
This claim, situated 4 miles up Siwash creek by trail from the Fraser River
Roddick. cable-crossing,   1V2   miles   above   Yale,   was   further   developed   during   1934
by the Fagan Bros, and partners.   The camp at 2,050 feet elevation on Roddick
creek, a north-easterly-flowing tributary of the South fork of Siwash creek, is a short distance
above the main showings.
The mineralization consists, as far as could be seen, of a narrow quartz vein, 2 to 10 inches
wide, strike north 50 degrees west, dip 25 degrees south-west, in slate. A short distance to the
west of the adit and the quartz-outcrops a wide feldspar-porphyry dyke outcrops between the
slates and a zone of greenstone-s'chists.
The owners were engaged in driving a short crosscut (in 30 feet in slates and slide-rocks
when examined) to intersect the vein at a depth of possibly 30 feet below its outcrop. It is
reported by the owners that gold values of spectacular amount have been found in the heavily
oxidized sections of the vein. Approximately 50 feet east of the present working there is the
portal of an old crosscut adit said to be 140 feet long. F 20
Several parties were hand-placer mining along the banks of Siwash creek in 1934 and at
the falls just above the Fraser river.
References.'—Basque Chemical Company, 1918-19; Deadman River Placers, 1933; Empire
group, 1924-30; Highland, 1915-17, 1922-23; Independence, Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Kanaka Bar,
1921-32; Keystone, 1917-25; Last Chance-Sylvanite (Savona Gold Mines, Limited), 1933;
O.K., 1919-22-30; Sharp, 1929-33; Snowstorm, 1915-17-19-20-23-29; Vidette Gold Mines,
Limited, 1931-32-33, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932.
Deadman River Section.
This company,  capitalized at 1,000,000 shares of no par value,  of which
Vidette 682,174 shares were issued as at November 2nd, 1934, has its head office at
Gold Mines, Ltd. 312 Pacific Building, 744 Hastings Street West, Vancouver. Detailed descriptions of the company operation at the north end of Vidette lake have appeared
in the Annual Reports for 1931, 1932, and 1933. Twenty-four claims and fractions covering an
area of greenstone of the Nicola series are held by the company. Most of the mining developments have occurred on two of the claims, the Searcher No. 1 and Searcher Fraction.
During the year the company mined and milled 7,216.5 tons of ore, principally from the
Tenfold vein, from which they recovered 4,440.95 oz. of gold. This is equivalent to a mill-head
average of 0.616 oz. gold per ton for the tonnage milled. Operation of the mill was not continuous until April, 1934, the equipment at present installed having a daily capacity of 40 tons
of ore per day. The plant is a modern flotation-mill with which good gold-recoveries are made.
Several additions of equipment were made during 1934, including the installation of two
140-horse-power Fairbanks-Morse  Deisel engines,  respectively driving,  by  direct coupling,  a
£1. JOOO '
B. C. Deportment of Mines
Plan of Underground Workings, Vidette Gold Mines, Ltd. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 21
16 by 9% by 10 Sullivan angle compound compressor of 700-cubic-foot capacity, and a 112-k.v.a.
alternator used for driving the mill equipment. A new machine-shop, blacksmith-shop, assay
office, sawmill, two-story bunk-house for fifty men, cook-house, staff-house, two bungalows, and
a guest-house were also added to the plant equipment in the period under review.
The main ore-showings developed to date have been on the north-westerly side of a faulted
zone which occurs between the Broken Ridge shaft-workings and the main shaft. This, the
Tenfold vein, narrow at the surface, averages about 18 inches in width for the 750-foot length
developed on No. 1 level. Ore was also developed along an appreciable stoping-length on No. 2
level, but the winze from this level encountered a fault 20 feet below the drift. It is reported
that the vein has been located by diamond-drilling beyond the fault. Good values across narrow
vein-widths were found in the short lengths exposed by the 139 south drift and 161 winze at
the Broken Ridge shaft-workings.
Stoping operations were conducted mainly on No. 2 and No. 1 levels on the Tenfold vein-
workings, and to a limited amount from No. 1 level on the Broken Ridge vein. Of the 7,216.5
tons milled, approximately 1,250 tons was from development-work. The development-work up
to the end of 1934 and the diamond-drilling is shown on the accompanying map. Approximately
1,875 feet of drifting, 880 feet of croscutting, 400 feet of sinking, and 435 feet of raising was
done as development-work in 1934. Diamond-drilling in search of the faulted portion of the
vein amounted to 2,788 feet.
At the end of 1934 the development-work, additional of course to mining of ore in the stopes,
included diamond-drilling at the third level to locate the vein below the No. 2 level fault; the
sinking of a winze to No. 2 level in the Broken Ridge workings, with a view to establishing
greater lengths of ore on the lower levels (due to fault-dip conditions) ; and drifting on No. 2
level on the Broken Ridge vein.
According to a statement by Gordon F. Dickson, managing director of the company, at
September 30th, 1934, the amount of developed ore estimated to be still in the mine above No. 2
level of the Tenfold workings and north-west of the fault between the Tenfold and Broken Ridge
workings was sufficient for seven to eight months' operation at 850 tons per month milling
capacity.    H. A. Rose is superintendent in charge of the plant operation.
During 1934 a new road to the mine was constructed from Tobacco flats. This 17-mile
section of new road materially reduces the cost of transportation of supplies from Savona, the
nearest station on the Canadian Pacific Railway.
This company, capitalized for $1,000,000, divided into 1,000,000 shares of $1
Savona par value, acquired the property formerly known as the Last Chance-Sylvanite
Gold Mines, Ltd. group of nine claims and fractions,  all situated to the north-west of the
property of the Vidette Gold Mines, Limited.    The company office is at 1016
Vancouver Block, Vancouver.    The claims are reached by road from Savona, up the valley of
Deadman river, a distance of 43 miles.
Exploration-work during the past year has exposed several veins occurring in north-westerly-
striking fractures and fissures in the greenstones of the Nicola series. Mineralization consists
of quartz and occasionally small amounts of pyrite and chalcopyrite. Diamond-drilling (1,000
feet total) in eight holes indicated quartz-vein extensions along a horizontal length of approximately 1,000 feet.
When the writer visited the property in August, 1934, a crew of thirty men was employed
in surface camp-construction and underground development-work. The main underground work,
known as the main adit, had been driven 268 feet as a crosscut north 65 degrees east to intersect
the Sylvanite vein at 228 feet from the portal. Approximately 100 feet of drifting south 32
degrees west had been done on this quartz vein, which, as exposed, varies in width from 8 to
24 inches (averaging possibly 15 inches) and dips to the north-east at 70 degrees. Six channel
samples across the quartz vein at 10-foot intervals across an average width of 14 inches assayed
in every case a trace in gold and silver content. It is reported that high values from gold
tellurides have been obtained from one of the small veins exposed by open-cutting just to the
north-east of the Sylvanite vein-outcrop.
Another adit, in 57 feet from the portal on a north 40 degrees west bearing, was also being
driven to connect with the main adit-drift. So far gold values uncovered have been low, but
the occasional occurrence of good gold values in the veins in the greenstones makes the area
worthy of a thorough exploration. F 22 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
The property is equipped with a 50-60-horse-power McCormack-Deering Diesel engine and
a 225-cubic-foot single-stage Holman compressor. Camps and an assay office have been provided.
The crew at the end of the year numbered eight men, under the supervision of A. D. Kerr.
This company owns the Hamilton Creek, Ruth Hope, Dick, Last, Last Nos. 2,
Hamilton Creek 3, and !r, Argentine No. 2, and Downie Fraction surveyed mineral claims, all
Gold Mines, Ltd. situated adjoining the Vidette Gold Mines, Limited, claims to the west. The
property was explored and prospected by trenching, diamond-drilling, and
crosscutting during 1934. The principal workings are located on the Hamilton Creek claim,
approximately half a mile by trail north-west of the Vidette camp and the road connecting
Vidette with the Canadian Pacific Railway at Savona.
The showings exposed in the valley-bottom and by a 360-foot length of trench, near the
middle of the eastern boundary of the Hamilton Creek claim, consist of narrow quartz stringers
in greenstone. The veins and stringers strike north 80 degrees west and dip 35 to 45 degrees
north-east. Following the open-cut work, a programme of diamond-drilling for formational
information was started under the supervision of J. Bennett, the company's engineer and
manager. Three holes were drilled south 63 degrees west into the hill for 400, 250, and 260
feet respectively at an angle perpendicular to the assumed plane of the veins. Several quartz-
showings were encountered and low gold assays on short sections of the core were obtained.
The main adit, following the line of No. 2 drill-hole, was started after the writer's visit
to the property, and it is reported by the management to have been advanced a total distance
of 245 feet on January 11th, 1935. In this crosscut-length it is reported by J. Bennett that eight
quartz-filled fissures varying in width from 2 to 24 inches have been intersected, and it is
further reported that values up to 0.32 and 0.56 oz. gold per ton have been obtained across the
24-inch and 20-inch quartz veins encountered at 85 and 150 feet from the portal.
W. C  Shelly and associates, of Vancouver, owning twenty-four claims and
Shelly fractions, all held on location, did a limited amount of surface and under-
Syndicate.       ground exploration on their Ply II., Grebo, and Alpha No. 1 claims during
1934.    The claims are situated to the north-east of Vidette lake, about iy2
miles by road from Vidette, on the old Vidette-Savona road.    The property was in charge of
a watchman when it was visited in August, 1934.
On the Ply V. claim a 30-foot adit driven into the hill at 3,450 feet elevation in an easterly
direction exposes at its portal a narrow quartz-filled fissure in schistose greenstone. A small
open-cut just above the adit exposes a narrow band of calcite in the greenstone. A sample of
selected material from the 1- to 3-inch stringer exposed at the portal assayed nil in gold and
Approximately 2,000 feet to the south-east of the above working and on the Grebo claim
at 3,250 feet elevation, a 10- by 9-foot open-cut in a small draw has exposed a narrow, badly
crushed quartz vein (strike north 60 degrees east and dip 45 degrees north-west), 3 to 12 inches
wide, in volcanic rocks. A sample assayed nil in gold and silver. About 30 feet to the west
of this cut, another 10- by 6-foot cut exposes what is undoubtedly the same vein. A 12-inch
channel sample from this exposure assayed nil in gold. Quartz float was also found about
150 feet to the west and up the hill from this last-mentioned exposure.
On the Alpha No. 1 claim there is a 15-foot open-cut and a 24-foot adit (with a maximum
possible back cover of 20 to 25 feet) driven north 65 degrees east on a narrow calcite stringer.
Approximately 1,000 feet south 70 degrees east of this adit and 200 feet north 10 degrees east
from the Alpha No. I post, a shallow shaft exposes a quartz vein in the volcanics similar in
appearance to the exposures on the Grebo claim. These workings were all that were known to
the watchman in charge at the property. Possibly there are other showings on the claims
which the writer did not see.
A number of prospectors were in the hills in the Vidette Lake section and to the north-west
in the Clinton Mining Division.
Lytton and Ashcroft Sections.
The Epsom-salt lakes at Basque were worked in a small way during 1934 by Epsom
Refineries, Limited, a Winnipeg company. The company was organized in 1934 with a Dominion
charter, with a capitalization of 1,000 shares, each of $100 par value. In the fall of 1934 the
refinery at Ashcroft was started and in 1935 the new company hopes to market from 1,000 to WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 23
2,500 tons of the salts. The deposits, which are the best known in British Columbia, have been
described in detail in past Annual Reports and in " Investigations of the Mineral Resources and
Mining Industry, 1924," issued by the Dominion Department of Mines, Ottawa.
The usual number of individuals were working on the bars of the Fraser and Thompson
rivers during 1934.
Within this Division are located the numerous non-metallic clay, salt, and carbonate deposits
of the Green Timber plateau north of Clinton; the lode-gold deposits on Kelly creek and the
Fraser river to the west of Clinton; the Watson bar and Fraser River bar placer-diggings;
the Poison Mountain and Creek placer area; the Chilko, Tatla, and Taseko lode-gold area,
situated 40 to 50 miles north-west of the main Bridge River camp by trail.
Mining activity in 1934 was concentrated in the Kelly Creek and Taseko Lake and River
References.—Astonisher, 1933; B.C. Chemical Company, 1929-30; Buzzer, 1928-30-31;
Churn creek, 1932 ; Copper King, 1919; Crow's Bar Placers, 1931-32 ; Dominion Soda Producers,
Limited, 1918-28-29-30; Grange Mines, Limited, 1933; Maggie, 1915-30; Motherlode, 1927-29-
30, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Pavilion Gold Mines, Limited, 1933; Poison Mountain area, 1933;
Timothy Mountain, 1929-30-31, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Watson Bar creek, 1923-24-30-32;
Windfall, 1922-23-29-31, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932.
Clinton Section.
(See past Annual Reports, 1928-33).    This company started milling operations
Grange Mines,   at their 25-ton-per-day  table-flotation plant at the beginning  of 1934,  con-
Ltd. tinuing at somewhat less than rated capacity until near the end of the year,
when the mill equipment was increased to treat 60 tons of ore per day, since
when operations have been at the rate of 50 tons per day.    A total of 646.1 oz. gold, 765 oz.
silver, and 4,669 lb. copper were recovered by milling operations in 1934.
Development-work underground resulted in considerably improving the position of this
property as regards ore possibilities. The main shaft was sunk a further 115 feet and the
sixth level, at 105 feet below No. 5 level, was developed by a total of 940 feet of drifts and
crosscuts and 300 feet of raises. Drifting and raising on the fifth level during 1934, totalling
30 feet and 100 feet respectively, was done.
The No. 6 level was opened up by a drift along the foot-wall shear for 200 feet in a northwesterly direction and disclosed a lens of heavy sulphide mineralization along an ore-shoot
length of possibly 150 feet over an average width of 15 to 18 inches. Three stope-shoots were
being worked in this section of the mine when the writer visited the property in November,
the stope-backs at that time being 12 to 16 feet above the No. 6 level drift. Channel-sampling
in this stoping section by the writer across an average width of 16 inches averaged slightly
over 1 oz. gold per ton in the massive pyrrhotite-pyrite mineralization exposed. Near the end
of this north-west drift the formation, principally hornblende diorite, becomes badly fractured
and very basic, and the vein lenses gradually diminish in width and strength in this less
competent rock.
To the south-west of the shaft on No. 6 level the foot-wall shear was followed by drifting
for 140 feet to a fault of 25-foot displacement to the east. The vein was picked up at several
places in the form of short lenses. Sampling of a 35-foot lens of ore encountered just to the
west of the fault assayed 0.3 oz. gold per ton across an average width of 30 inches.
After the vein was picked up to the south-east of the fault on No. 6 level it was followed
for 60 feet before the ore-lens pinched to a fracture. This fracture, it is reported, was followed
a further 60 feet to a second fault of short easterly displacement. The writer took a channel
sample of this vein section 10 feet south-east of the No. 1 fault across a vein-width of 28 inches.
The sample assayed: Gold, 0.64 oz. per ton; silver, 2.5 oz. per ton; copper, 0.7 per cent. The
management reports that this lens of ore widened out to 7 feet in width a short distance to
the south-east of where this sample was cut, gradually narrowing to a fracture.
The diorite in the south-east end of the mine is considerably less fractured than it is in the
north-western end of the mine.   The ore-lenses also are of better width and the possibilities F 24
are that further work to the south-east beyond the second fault will show up more uniform
conditions of mineralization.
The hanging-wall shear, 30 feet to the east of the shaft-bottom on No. 6 level, was followed
north-west for a short distance along a fairly narrow vein-filling of pyrrhotite-pyrite mineralization in badly fractured diorite. Considerable ore above No. 5 level was stoped from the foot-wall
shear lenses of ore described in the 1933 Annual Report.
During 1934 improvements were made to the trail leading down to the mine, and a new
siding on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway at Grange was built to serve the mine.
In December a fire destroyed the dry-house and part of the bunk-house. This structure
has been replaced by a new bunk-house and a separate change-house. J. W. Southin was
appointed general superintendent for the company in November, 1934, and many improvements
have been made in operating methods, both underground and on the surface.
Taseko Lake Section.
This company, capitalized at 500,000 shares of $1 par value, owns the Windfall
Taylor-Windfall and Windfall No. 2 Crown-granted claims and the Sunnyside, Sunshine, Buzzer
Gold Mining     No. 2, Buzzer No. 3, and Buzzer No. 4 claim locations.    The claims are all
Co., Ltd.        located on Battlement creek, 12 miles west of Taseko lake up the valley of
the Taseko river.    Access to the property is by trail from the Minto mine,
Bridge River, over Warner pass   (7,600 feet elevation), a distance of about 45 miles,  or by
aeroplane from either Seton lake or Vancouver to Taseko lake, and thence by a 12-mile trail
up Taseko river to the mine-workingS and camp on Battlement creek.
The country-rocks in the immediate vicinity of the workings are tuffs which overlie the
Coast Range granitic rocks to a thickness of possibly 800 to 1,000 feet. The mineralization
which was found on the surface in the open-cut working shown on the accompanying map
' C. Department   of Mines
Sketch-plan of Taylor-Windfall Main Workings. WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 25
consisted of rich pockets of badly oxidized, rusty, silicified sections of the tuffs, with tourmaline
in some of the fractures. The results obtained from the mining and milling of about 85 tons
of this surface material disclosed a number of these rich pockets, all without any appreciable
continuity of length, width, or depth, but all apparently following lines of fracturing which
varied from east to north-east in strike.
Shortly after the company was formed in the spring of 1934, a 3^-ton-per-day amalgamation-
table mill was shipped to the property by aeroplane.
Later in the season the property came under the charge of R. H. Stewart. Diamond-drilling
of six holes, shown on the map, resulted in finding two or three mineralized sections of core
in holes No. 1 and No. 3. In hole No. 1 the sludge assay at 38-48 feet was 1.48 oz. gold per ton;
at 160-162 feet it was 1.98 oz. gold per ton; and at 205-235 feet it was 0,35 oz. gold per ton.
In hole No. 3 the sludge assay between 70-90 feet was 1.52 oz. gold per ton. These assay results
were supplied by the management. The showings obtained by drilling were partially investigated
by drifting and sinking before the close of the season's work, and no doubt further testing-work
will be done on this section of the property in 1935 as soon as weather conditions permit.
An adit at 5,436 feet elevation was extended to cut No. 1 hole and a raise was driven
through to the surface, following the line of the drill-hole, without encountering any definite
structure which would indicate an ore-shoot. A crosscut and winze were then driven on No. 3
drill-hole and 2% to 3 feet of ore assaying more than 1.5 oz. gold per ton was followed down
for a depth of 24 feet in the winze, with the width of the vein being 2.5 feet at the winze-bottom.
The mineralization occurs in a silicified section of the tuffs in which there is a zone of chloritic
alteration containing gold tellurides. As opened up by the winze and a short drift and crosscut
to the north of the winze the impression is gained that the top of an ore-shoot has been cut
by the work to date. The vein strikes north, dips at 75 degrees west (on the map), and has
been opened up along a length of 18 feet and to a depth of 24 feet.
The camp was closed for the winter shortly after this interesting showing was encountered,
but present plans indicate that an appreciable amount of development-work will be done underground on this showing in the summer of 1935. A crew of twelve men was employed under the
supervision of E. E. Mason during the latter part of the 1934 work.
This property is situated approximately 9 miles by trail from the south end
Taseko of Taseko lake.    The claims are all located on the east side of Granite creek,
Motherlode.      a   northerly-flowing   tributary   of   Taseko   river.      During   1934   Vancouver
interests transported about 9 tons of supplies in to the ground, built winter
camps, and repaired the trails leading to the various showings, in addition to doing further
surface and underground development-work.
The mineralization consists of sparse amounts of pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, and sphalerite
in a silicified shear-zone which strikes north-easterly across the property. The country-rocks
are principally granodiorite phases of the Coast Range batholith, and the two principal and
approximately parallel shear or fracture zones have been exposed on the surface by trenching
for a length of 600 to 700 feet. The westerly shear-zone, the better mineralized, is about 1,000
feet downhill from the other. The width of the western shear varies from about 100 feet at
the south end of the exposures to possibly 75 feet at the north end. At the south end of the
shear-zone, at an elevation of 6,400 feet above sea-level, a crosscut adit 290 feet long has been
driven and partly cuts it. The present company contemplates continuing the adit a further
60 feet to crosscut through the width of the shear and then to drift to the north-east along the
foot-wall for a distance of 150 feet, with crosscuts to the hanging-wall every 75 feet.
As regards values in the sparsely mineralized shear-zone, R. H. Stewart reports that several
years ago H. L. Batten sampled across 60 feet of the shear-zone and obtained an average of
0.15 oz. gold per ton. Sampling of the underground work by R. H. Stewart shows that a section
of 15V2 feet next to the foot-wall assayed 0.135 oz. gold per ton, 1.4 oz. silver, and 0.73 per cent,
copper. The next 12 feet of the zone showed an assay value of 0.045 oz. gold per ton, 1.4 oz.
silver per ton, and 0.14 per cent, copper; while surface sampling gave gold values of 0.19 oz.
per ton over a width sampled of 15 feet, 0.145 oz. over 23 feet, and 0.08 oz. over 10 feet. The
values seem to be associated with the copper, and with the possible development of a large
tonnage of comparatively low-grade ore of the character visible in the surface and underground
work done to date it would be possible to make a fairly high grade gold-copper concentrate by
comparatively simple metallurgical methods. F 28 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
References.—The reader is referred to the 1933 Annual Report and the following references
in the Annual Reports from 1916 to 1932, inclusive, for information about Bridge River
properties and the Lillooet Mining Division: Alpha (now Minto Gold Mines, Limited), 1930-33,
and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Anderson Lake Mining and Milling Company, Limited (now National
Gold Mines, Limited), 1933, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932 ; Arlo, 1918; B.C. Alluvials, 1927 ; Cayoosh
creek (Enterprise Mining Partnership), 1927; Cinnibar King, 1931; Copper Bear, 1927-28;
Copper Mount, 1929-30; Copper Mountain, 1917-18; Copper Plate, 1918; Copper Queen Mining
and Smelting Company, Limited, 1916-28; Coronation (now Bradian Mines, Limited), 1923-
25-27; Countless (Pioneer), 1923 ; Croicn, 1923-25 ; Eureka, 1928-33; Eva (Moffatt), 1918-23-
25-26; Forty Thieves (now Bridge River Consolidated), 1916-33; Gold King, 1923-27-30;
Griswold, 1929-30; Index, 1916; Iron Ridge, 1924; Li-li-kel, 1923-25-27-33; Lome (Bralorne),
1916-18-23 to 33, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Lower Bridge River Placers, 1931-33; Lucky Gem,
1924-31, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Marion, 1927-29; McGillivray Gold Mines, Limited, 1929;
Native Son, 1924-25-33; Nobb's placer claim, 1922 ; Paymaster, 1930; P.E. Gold Mines, Limited,
1930; Pioneer, 1916-18-22 to 33, and Bulletin No. 1, 1932; Regal, 1918; Shulap, 1925-26; Silver
Bell, 1923-25-26; Thelma Maud, 1918; Tyaughton, 1927; Universal Mining and Milling Company, Limited, 1925;   Wayside, 1925.
Pemberton-Birkenhead Section.
This property, situated 5 miles by road and trail west of D'Arcy Station on
Mariposa. the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, received extensive prospecting and exploration during 1934. A crew of eight to twelve men, under the supervision
of J. Savage, the Syndicate manager, established camps a short distance south of Blackwater
creek; excavated many open-cuts at various showings found on the surface; and drove several
hundred feet of workings to test the underground continuation of some of the surface showings.
The mineralization consists of sparsely mineralized quartz veins in an area of schistose
greenstones and sedimentary rocks. Very little sulphide mineralization is in evidence in the
showings and only low gold values were obtained in representative samples taken.
About 800 to 1,000 feet above the camp, and to the south of it, the Wonder showings have
been opened up by four surface cuts. The No. 4 Wonder showing, the most westerly of the
four, at 3,275 feet elevation, exposes a partially oxidized 24-inch quartz vein, strike north 55
degrees west, dip 45 degrees south-west, in greenstone-schist. The best value obtained in this
cut is stated to be 60 cents gold per ton. The No. 3 Wonder showing, 1,700 feet south-east of the
No. 4 showing and at 3,300 feet elevation, consists of an 18-inch quartz vein, strike north 60
degrees east, dip 60 degrees north-west, in schist. A channel sample of two cuts across the
width of the quartz assayed: Gold, nil; silver, 0.5 oz. per ton. The No. 2 Wonder showing, a
few hundred feet to the east at 3,500 feet elevation, is opened up by two open-cuts. The cuts
expose a width of 4 to 6 feet of a slightly oxidized quartz vein in greenstone and schist. This
vein strikes north 50 degrees west and dips into the hill at 75 degrees to the north-east. A chip
sample across a 4-foot width of the most heavily oxidized portion of the vein assayed nil in
gold and silver.
A short distance up-stream from the camp at 2,400 feet elevation four short adits and
several open-cuts have been made. Except for the No. 4 adit at 2,825 feet elevation, and in an
open-cut just above it, the various exposures are all narrow in width and carry low gold values.
They do not show any marked continuity in the schist and sheared greenstone country-rocks.
The No. 4 adit outcrop shows an 8- to 10-inch quartz vein, strike south 30 degrees east, dip 45
degrees west, in schist. Below and 20 feet to the east is exposed 15 feet of soft clayey and
chloritie schist. The adit is driven on the foot-wall side of a feldspar-porphyry dyke in an
easterly direction, a slight turn to the west being made to cut through the dyke, strike south
30 degrees east. Just before the dyke was cut underground, 3 feet of silicified and banded
sediments (argillite) were found on the foot-wall. A sample was taken of 9 inches of quartz
on the dyke foot-wall. It assayed nil in gold and silver. The No. 4-A adit, 25 feet higher than
No. 4 and a short distance up-stream, exposes a fine-grained basic dyke and greenstone rocks
with no values. Across the creek from the portal of No. 4 adit a 24-foot width of pyritized
quartz is stated by J. Savage to have assayed $1.02 in gold per ton. No. 3 adit, at 2,815 feet
elevation and down-stream from No. 4, is in 25 feet in dyke-rocks.    No. 2 adit, at 2,750 feet WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 27
elevation and down-stream from No. 3, was driven 65 feet on a band of quartzite. Small
stringers of quartz occur in this working. From No. 1 adit, at 2,700 feet elevation, J. Savage
reports a $13.20 gold assay. This adit is in 50 feet in an easterly direction and the inner end
of it breaks through into slide-rock after passing through schist. The open-cuts on the westerly
side of the creek expose several narrow quartz veins from which it is reported that values of
from 60 cents to $1 in gold have been obtained.
Anderson Lake Section.
This company controls two groups of mineral claims on McGillivray creek
National west from McGillivray Falls Station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
Gold Mines, Ltd. The National group of six claims, held by location, is approximately 9 miles
by trail west of the station. Very little work has been done on this section
of the property. The Youcon-Skeena group of seven claims, formerly owned by the Anderson
Lake Mining and Milling Company, Limited, and known as the National or McGillivray Creek
mine, is situated to the north of McGillivray creek, 3y2 miles by trail west of McGillivray falls.
The mine camp and principal underground workings are on the Youcon-Skeena claims at elevations varying between 3,275 and 4,000 feet. The underground workings have been described
in detail in past Annual Reports and in Summary Report, 1933, Part A, recently issued by the
Geological Survey of Canada.
The country-rocks in the vicinity of the mine are carbonaceous phyllites and slaty beds
which may be altered tuffs or volcanics. Outcropping a short distance to the west of the mine
is an area of greenstone, while underground in the No. 3 level west workings, dykes of diorite
were encountered.
The vein outcrops along a north strike up the back of a small ridge between elevations of
3,525 and 4,050 feet over a horizontal distance of some 900 feet. It dips at steep angles to the
west almost conformable with the surrounding formations.
Three adits 'were driven on the vein in past development operations. No. 1 level, at 3,655
feet elevation, is now caved and inaccessible. No. 2 level, at 3,550 feet elevation, follows the
vein for approximately 450 feet before encountering a fault. No. 3 level, at 3,400 feet elevation,
follows the vein and a faulted segment of it for approximately 500 feet before striking the same
major fault. This fault, on the No. 2 level innermost workings, strikes north 42 degrees west
and dips 55 degrees to the south-west. On the No. 3 level this fault strikes north 41 degrees
west and dips at 50 degrees to the south-west.
During the past summer a crosscut to the east succeeded in picking up the faulted portion
of the vein about 100 feet distant from the main vein. At the time of the writer's visit this
new section of the vein had been drifted on for 250 feet. The vein was continuous for 200 feet
of this drift-length. Where the vein was first encountered it is 19 feet in width and two crosscuts in the length of this new drift on No. 3 level indicate that the vein will possibly average
12 to 15 feet in width. The vein-filling of quartz is partially oxidized and iron-stained and car
samples taken by the management during the driving of this drift are reported by them to
assay $8 to $9 in gold per ton. Two hundred feet from where the vein was first crosscut in
this new working a second fault, parallel in strike and dip to the major fault, was encountered.
Underground conditions would indicate that this second fault is also a normal fault, and that
the northerly continuation of the vein beyond the fault should be picked up a short distance to
the east of the present drift.
During 1934 the company also completed a raise between No. 3 and No. 2 levels in well-
oxidized quartz in the vein on the west side of the major fault. Three large open-cuts and a
short crosscut were also driven to intersect the surface showing above the portion of the vein
recently located underground. The vein-width is here about 24 feet. A small crew of men
has been employed throughout the year under the supervision of T- Brett, one of the original
locators and now managing director for the company.
It is very difficult to properly estimate the values underground in the large amount of quartz
which has been exposed by the development-work by ordinary sampling methods. A shipment
of several tons of bulk samples to the smelter would give a very good idea as to what might be
expected in mining the large amount of quartz which has been exposed.   It is reported that the F 28 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
company proposes to install a 50-ton pilot-mill early in 1935 and with this to properly determine
the gold values in the 200,000 or more tons of quartz vein-matter which has been exposed.
This company  owns a large number  of  claims  situated  on  either  side  of
Canadian Rand McGillivray creek west of McGillivray Falls Station.    The claims are reached
Gold Mines, Ltd. by a continuation of the National Gold Mines trail, the Canadian Rand camp
being approximately 6 miles from the railway and at 3,700 feet elevation.
During 1934 a crew, varying from twelve to twenty-five men, was employed by the company in
prospecting several surface showings and driving two adits.
On the California section of the property, situated just below the National Gold- Youcon-
Skeena claims, a drift 188 feet long was driven in a north-westerly direction. This drift
followed a narrow quartz vein for a portion of its length, the vein varying in width from a
mere fracture to 3 feet. It contains only low values in gold. On the diorite section of the
property, located just to the north and west of the main camp, approximately 450 feet of
drifting and crosscutting was done to establish underground continuity of the No. 1 Diorite
vein. The vein, as exposed in the last 120 feet of this working, varies in width from 1 to 3 feet
and shows practically no mineralization. The gold values obtained in this showing were practically negligible according to company officials. When the writer visited the property in
November the camp was in charge of a watchman, all work having been stopped about the
middle of July, 1934. In addition to the underground work described, the company did assessment-work in prospecting on the Colorado-Washington claims.
(See previous Annual Reports.)    This company was incorporated in March,
Pioneer 1928, with a capitalization of $2,500,000, divided into shares of $1 par value.
Gold Mines, Ltd. The holdings consist of eighteen mineral claims and fractional claims situated   on   Cadwallader   creek.    The   mine  plant   is   55   miles   by  road   from
Shalalth Station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
This mine, for the second year in succession, is British Columbia's leading lode-gold producer. The mill capacity was stepped up during the year to approximately 400 tons of ore
milled per twenty-four hours.
Underground developments have been of importance and have added appreciably to ore
reserves. On the fourteenth level west 270 feet of high-grade ore averaging 2% to 3 feet in
width was encountered early in the year; a 78-foot length of this ore-shoot averaged 7 oz. gold
per ton over vein-widths. On the fifth level east a length of 550 feet of ore averaging 3 feet
wide and containing 3.9 oz. gold per ton was also opened up by drifting early in the summer
months. Development-work on the fourth level east and on the levels below the tenth, both
east and west, was continued with additional ore discoveries.
Early in June the work of sinking the No. 2 shaft to the 3,100-foot level was commenced
from the 1,700-foot level (fourteenth level). At the end of the year the shaft was down to the
nineteenth level, about half the total depth to be stink before lateral work from the shaft will
be started. Shaft-stations are being cut at 125-foot intervals, so that the 3,100-foot level will
correspond to the twenty-sixth mine level.
Many additions to the surface plant and equipment have been made during 1934, and the camp
and buildings reflect the prosperity of the company and its efficient management. New houses
and camp facilities, a new hospital, community buildings, tennis-courts, and skating-rink have
all been added to make life enjoyable. Minor changes in the mill resulted in increased capacity.
Underground, many minor improvements in practice have been made. D. Sloan is managing
director, H. T. James is general superintendent, Ed. Emmons is mine superintendent, and
P. Schultz is mill superintendent for the company.
This company was formed in January, 1934, with a capitalization of $2,000,000,
Bradian Mines,  divided into shares of $1 par value, to acquire and develop the eastern half
Ltd. of the property owned by Bralorne Mines, Limited.   The ground acquired
includes twenty-one Crown-granted and  five un-Crown-granted claims, with
a total area of 773 acres.    Following the installation of an electrically-driven Ingersoll-Rand
550-cubic-foot compressor plant, underground development-work was started at the Coronation
and Ida May sections of the property.   The No. 1 shaft (old Coronation shaft—collar at 3,850
feet elevation), which was down to a depth of 200 feet below the Coronation adit, was sunk
510 feet farther.  Three shaft-stations were cut at 150-foot level intervals.   Crosscutting from the WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 29
lowest level (650-foot) to the north-east was expected to cut the Coronation vein at a distance
of 250 feet from the shaft.   This vein was cut shortly before the end of 1934.
At the Ida May property a new shaft is being sunk to a depth of 500 feet below the Ida May
adit level at 4,110 elevation. From the 460-foot level, corresponding in elevation with the 200-
foot level of the Coronation shaft, a crosscut will be run to intersect the Ida May vein, and for
the purpose of exploring the ground between the two shafts which are approximately 2,000 feet
apart horizontally.
In the past good gold values from vein-widths up to 4 feet were explored and partially mined
on both the Coronation and Ida May properties. The veins are well ribboned, generally less
than 3 feet in thickness, strike parallel to the trend of the hornblende-diorite stock in which
they occur, and dip at high angles.
Comfortable camps have been provided for the crew of forty-six men employed under the
supervision of Don Matheson, the mine superintendent. Power is supplied by the B.C. Electric
Company through its high-tension line from Bridge river, to drive two 100-horse-power electric
motors, each direct-connected to 550-cubic-foot Ingersoll-Rand compressors.
(See previous Annual Reports.)    During the period under review underground
Bralorne        developments and surface improvements at the Bralorne property have kept
Mines, Ltd.      up with the developments of 1933.    The milling plant was increased in size to
handle a capacity of 450 tons per day by the addition of a new 250-ton unit
and the revamping and reconditioning of the old 200-ton flotation unit.    At the end of the year
about 375 tons of ore was being milled daily.
Development-work underground included the installation of new shaft-hoisting equipment
following the completion of the main shaft to the eleventh level. At the end of 1934 approximately 500 feet of drifting had been done on the eleventh level west of No. 1 fault on the King
vein and about 400 feet on the King vein east of the No. 1 fault. The vein, as exposed west of
the fault on this the lowest level in the mine (500 feet below the eighth level on the dip of the
vein), is wider than drift-width. Development raises from the eleventh to tenth levels have
shown increased values over those obtained on the eleventh level. The " C " vein and Shaft vein
systems, which responded exceptionally well to development on the sixth, seventh, eighth, and
ninth levels, have not yet been reached on the eleventh level. During the mining of the King
vein above the eighth level it was found that the gold values had a tendency to occur in ore-
shoots of horizontal rake, and that between the ore-shoots it was common to find low-grade and
barren vein sections. Similar conditions apparently exist on No. 11 level and further work
both above and below the level will no doubt disclose conditions similar to those found above.
During 1934 the King vein was opened up west of the No. 2 fault on the sixth, seventh, and
eighth levels, and good widths of average grade ore disclosed. The " C " vein, lying along the
No. 2 fault-zone, has responded well to development. The 805 drift on the eighth level (main
adit-level) opened up a length of more than 300 feet of better than average grade ore across
vein-widths of 3 feet average. This is considered to be the Shaft vein, and, if so, it will require
considerable drifting on the sixth, seventh, ninth, and lower levels to delimit its possibilities.
The various developments have added materially to ore reserves. Numerous camp building
additions and improvements were completed during 1934. R. Bosustow is manager, T.
Chenoweth is mine superintendent, and F. Grey is mill superintendent.
This company, owning two groups of claims in the Bridge River camp, con-
Taylor (Bridge  tinued  work  throughout  1934.    The  main  group  of  claims,   twenty-one  in
River) number, which adjoins the Bralorne ground to the north, was diamond-drilled
Gold Mines, Ltd. and prospected further by underground drifting and crosscutting from the
main adit of the Bralorne.    This latter work was done under contract by the
Bralorne Mines, Limited, and at the end of 1934 approximately 3,000 feet of a 3,700-foot contract
had been completed, and 2,250 feet of the distance driven was in Taylor ground.
The long crosscut from the eighth level of the Bralorne entered Taylor-Bridge River ground
early in January, 1934, and subsequent drifting and crosscutting has encountered seven quartz-
filled fault-fissures and shears. The first vein was cut 450 feet north of the Bralorne property-
line and 116 feet of drifting in a northerly direction on the fault-fissure (filled with broken
quartz and gouge) showed only low values and narrow quartz-widths. The second vein, 100
feet to the north, was drifted on for 30 feet.   Here again values and widths were below com- F 30 REPORT OF THE MINISTER OF MINES, 1934.
mercial grade. The third vein was struck in the main crosscut 135 feet north of the first vein.
It varies in width from 14 inches to 6 feet, is well ribboned, and structurally looks attractive,
although samples taken indicate the values are quite low, the best assay being 0.08 oz. gold per
ton. A short drift to the north-west on this vein shows it to pinch rapidly to a 14-inch width
in a drift distance of 16 feet. Towards the end of the year the four other veins and lenses
mentioned were found. Approximately 3,700 feet of diamond-drilling for geological structure
was completed during the year and the property was surveyed and geologically mapped.
Early in January, 1934,  a diamond-drill hole from the No. 3 level  of the
B.R.X. California vein-workings encountered a section of core at a depth of 400 feet
below the No. 3 level which assayed 0.7 oz. gold per ton along a core-length
of 10 feet. The sludge for the same distance assayed 1.4 oz. gold per ton. This diamond-drill
hole, No. 2, which was collared 905 feet from the portal of No. 3 adit, was drilled at a vertical
angle of approximately 78 degrees, thereby indicating that the 10-foot core-length would be
representative of a vein approximately 7 feet wide. Up to the time that this drill intersection
was made, the company had extensively developed the California vein on three levels without
finding commercial values of mineralization. Following the intersection of the good gold values
in diamond-drill hole No. 2, drilling was stopped and an incline shaft from the No. 3 level on
the California vein was sunk 557 feet on the dip of the California shear, intersecting the
diamond-drill hole at a vertical distance of approximately 400 feet, below No. 3 level. Lateral
development totalling 857 feet of drifting and 355 feet of crosscutting was done on the shear
on No. 6 level, started at the drill-hole intersection with the shaft, and while values over narrow
widths have been found, commercial values and tonnage have not been developed. Approximately 278 feet of drifting and crosscutting was also done on the shear on the fifth level, also
off the shaft, with similar results. More recently a long crosscut adit was started on the
Arizona claim, and the company plans to extend this working eventually a total distance of
6,000 feet to cut under the California shear at a depth of 675 feet below the present No. 6 level.
At the end of 1934 this crosscut had been advanced a distance of 180 feet. New camps,
compressor and blacksmith-shop, machinery, etc., were installed at the portal of this new adit.
During 1934 a 1,400-foot motor-driven compressor was installed at No. 3 portal of the
California adit and several additions were made to the camp facilities, such as four modern
bungalow residences for employees, new store-house, office, and staff-house. Late in 1934 a fire
destroyed the office and records contained therein. The property is under the direction of E. R.
Shepherd, president and managing director for the company.
This   company   was   formed   in   September,   1934,   with   a   capitalization   of
Tuscarora        $1,500,000. divided into 3,000,000 shares of 50 cents par value.    The registered
Gold Mines, Ltd. office of the company is 409-410 Rogers Building, Vancouver.    The property
comprises twelve mineral claims and two fractional claims, approximately 500
acres in area, all situated between Bridge river and Gun lake. The country-rocks, as exposed
by numerous outcrops and open-cuts, consist principally of a banded zone of argillites and cherty
quartzites lying in contact with hornblende-diorite masses. The mineralization would appear to
be in silicified zones in the sediments, and surface and underground work on the property has
so far only shown up minor values in gold in the silicified zones. A crew of six to eight men
is employed under the supervision of T. B. Lewis.
This company's property consists of twenty-one mineral claims situated on
Congress both sides of Gun creek and extending five claims up-stream from the mouth
Gold Mines, Ltd. of Gun creek at Bridge river.    The main Bridge River highway passes through
the lower claims close by the portal of the main adit. The general rock
formation in the area under most intensive development is a zone of sedimentary rocks cut
by wide feldspar-porphyry dykes. On the west the sedimentaries are bordered by a wide zone
of greenstone and argillites. There is an outcrop of augite diorite above the main showings
at a distance of about 1,000 feet north of the Gun Creek bridge. The mineralization consists
of arsenopyrite, pyrite, and stibnite, with associated gold values in the arsenopyrite and pyrite.
This mineralization apparently is developed along fracture-zones and fissure-fillings in the
greenstone and the sedimentaries. The mineralization is later than the porphyry dykes, for
the veins cut through the dykes, but generally with narrower widths.
Underground development-work done during the past year has been mainly confined to the
driving of three adits close to the road.   No. 3 adit (upper level), at 2,455 feet elevation, was WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 31
extended a total distance of approximately 305 feet along a well-mineralized zone. The first
70 feet of this working cut through a porphyry dyke, the mineralization therein being confined
to narrow widths. The sampling done by the management has shown gold values over minable
widths to vary between 0.04 and 0.72 oz. gold per ton, the average value not yet having been
The writer took four channel samples across 20 feet of the 27-foot width of mineralization
exposed in a crosscut and the drift in this level. The average assay for the 20-foot width was
0.16 oz. gold per ton, 2 oz. silver per ton, and 1 per cent. zinc. Other sampling at this same
section has indicated values between 0.2 and 0.3 oz. gold per ton across the 27-foot width
of mineralization. No. 2 adit is 170 feet south 65 degrees east of and 125 feet below No. 3.
This working is a crosscut which intersects the same mineral-zone exposed in No. 3 adit at
325 feet from the portal. The mineralization has been drifted on along a length of approximately 390 to 400 feet. About 100 feet from the portal some 100 feet of drifting has been done
along a narrow shear. No. 1, or the lowest adit, at 2,140 feet elevation, is now being driven
to cut the mineralization at a point 750 feet from the portal. At the end of 1934 it had been
driven 400 feet; the last half of this distance is in greenstone, the first 200 feet being in a
porphyry dyke. Approximately 1,200 feet easterly of No. 1 adit a new low-level adit has been
started to intersect another shear similar in appearance to that developed by the three preceding
The property is equipped with compressor plant, steel-sharpening shop, and camp.
The property of the Olympic Gold Mines, Limited, consisting of twenty claims,
Olympic is 37 miles by road from Bridge River Station on the Pacific Great Eastern
Gold Mines, Ltd. Railway. It is on the south side of Bridge river, almost directly opposite the
Minto Gold Mines property. When the writer visited the property in the fall
of 1934 work was being concentrated on what are known as the Leckie and Magee adit showings,
both located at or close to the river-level. The main camp, situated near No. 1 vein, is over
1,000 feet, above the river-level. Work had been discontinued on the heavy pyrite-magnetite
showing, just below the camp, prior to the writer's visit to the property. Values are said to
have been disappointing in this working in spite of the heavy sulphide mineralization.
The more recent work at the river-level has been for the purpose of developing what appears
to be possibly a shear-zone in the fine-grained, altered rocks of the Bridge River series.
The Leckie adit, 8 feet above the river-level, develops a heavily mineralized quartz-sulphide
vein, strike south 55 degrees east, dip 50 to 60 degrees south-west, which has a width of 13 feet
2 inches where first intersected. This adit, it is understood, has since been advanced to a total
distance of 200 feet from the portal. The vein was sampled where first intersected in three
sample sections, each section being a moiled channel sample. The first sample across 46 inches
on the hanging-wall side of the vein assayed a trace in gold, 0.6 oz. silver per ton, and 1.7 per
cent. zinc. The centre 54 inches of the vein assayed 0.02 oz. gold per ton, 6.5 oz. silver per ton,
1 per cent, lead, and 2.5 per cent. zinc. The 58-inch foot-wall section of the vein assayed 0.04 oz.
gold per ton, 0.8 oz. silver per ton, and 2.5 per cent. zinc. Three carefully taken representative
samples of the sorted mineralization from the Leckie adit showed an average assay of 0.078 oz.
gold per ton, 5.7 oz. silver per ton, 0.3 per cent, copper, 0.7 per cent, lead, and 3.2 per cent. zinc.
Approximately 150 feet higher in elevation and 200 feet south-easterly from the portal of
the Leckie adit is the Magee showing, on which an adit has recently been started. The mineralization as here exposed consists of 10 to 12 feet of badly decomposed and highly oxidized vein
material separated into a hanging-wall and a foot-wall section by a 3- to 4-foot felsite dyke.
The Magee vein shows strikes and dips similar to the showing in the Leckie adit, and the two
showings are believed to be closely related.
A sample of selected oxidized material from the open-cut at the north-west end of the
outcrop assayed 0.12 oz. gold per ton, 2.6 oz. silver per ton, 0.3 per cent, copper, and 2 per cent,
zinc. A channel sample across a w-idth of 60 inches of quartz and sulphide mineralization at
the portal of the Magee adit (being driven into the hill south 55 degrees east) assayed 0.06 oz.
gold per ton, 4.4 oz. silver per ton, 0.3 per cent, copper, 1 per cent, lead, and 1 per cent. zinc.
A crew of fourteen men was employed at the property under the supervision of W. J. Uzzell.
Portable compressor equipment was being used in the driving of the Leckie adit;   the work at
the Magee adit being driven by hand-mining methods.
Gun Creek Section.
This company has had under development the Simons property, situated near
Goldside Mines, Fish lake, and the Taylor property, situated in Taylor basin.    The properties
Ltd. are known respectively as the South and North Goldside properties.    Work at
the  South  Goldside property  during the  period  under  review  consisted  of
driving a 140-foot adit into a wide porphyry dyke which outcrops on the property.    In this dyke
a small quartz-filled fissure widening at one end to Sy2 feet was developed for a short length.
Diamond-drilling was also used to explore the underground continuation of this particular vein.
The best value obtained across the 3% -foot vein of quartz close to the eastern edge of the dyke
was 0.07 oz. gold per ton.    Work was subsequently stopped at this property and concentrated
on the North Goldside, situated in Taylor basin, about 8 miles by trail from the road at Tyaugh-
ton lake.
At North Goldside property several mineral-showings are being developed by a crew of
twelve men under the supervision of S. H. Davis. The lower showing consists of a massive
gossan-outcropping of iron oxide which, overlying a calcite-body in serpentine, was being
developed by ground-sluicing and surface-trenching. A sample of the oxidized gossan over an
area approximately 30 by 20 feet assayed but a trace in gold, while another sample of the
unaltered calcite and iron pyrite, which was exposed over a length of up to 17 feet by 40 feet
in width, assayed but a trace in gold. This exposure is at 6,000 feet elevation and close to the
bank of Taylor creek. Several narrow quartz stringers partially oxidized and but a few inches
in width, showing arsenopyrite mineralization, have been exposed by a long ground-sluice open-
cut at 6,600 feet elevation, a short distance above the camp. These exposures occur in serpentine
rocks, with which are interbedded silicified rocks of volcanic origin, locally called greenstone.
No work is being done on this showing at the present time.
North-east about 500 feet from No. 1 (or Big) cut, another open-cut has exposed some
dark-brown-stained siliceous rocks and pyrite mineralization over a width of about 6 feet.
The main showings at the camp, where development-work is being pushed by diamond-drilling,
underground and open-cut work, is situated half a mile west of the last-mentioned showings at
an elevation of 7,350 feet above sea-level. This showing, which consists of several narrow
disconnected veins in association with diorite and porphyry, was diamond-drilled, and at the
present writing it is reported that the No. 1 crosscut adit has been advanced a distance of
282 feet from the portal toward the showings. At the surface on this showing a branching
vein system was exposed by open-cut work. The most important exposure is along a vein-length
of 25 feet, with the vein averaging from 6 to 22 inches in width. Two channel samples across
widths of 12 and 22 inches of the vein in a shallow shaft sunk on this section of the property
assayed 0.64 oz. gold per ton. The diamond-drilling was done to strike this vein at a depth
of 40 to 50 feet below its outcrop. The other veins in this branching system are not more than
2 or 3 inches in width.
At still higher elevations and above the showings just referred to, several open-cuts have
been made along mineral-showings in the sedimentary formations. A sample of selected ore
from one of the open-cuts at 7,900 feet elevation assayed 0.5 oz. gold and 1.4 oz. silver per ton.
The mineralization in all the veins at the higher elevations consists of arsenopyrite and pyrite
with associated gold values. Since the writer visited the property winter camps have been
established and outfitted with sufficient food and mining supplies to last the winter months.
A crew of eight to twelve men is employed under the supervision of S. H. Davis.
Gun Lake Section.
This company was incorporated in April, 1934, with a capitalization of 3,000,000
Pilot shares of no par value, to take over and operate the Ypres group of mineral
Gold Mines, Ltd. claims, then owned by the Cariboo Bridge River Properties, Limited. The
property consists of eighteen mineral claims and fractional claims, all situated
on the west side of Gun lake. During 1934 a new road was constructed along the west shore
of the lake to the property from the end of the Little Gun Lake road. The property is therefore
about 7 miles by road from the main Bridge River road at South Forks, and 49 miles by road
from Bridge River Station on the Pacific Great Eastern Railway.
The claims cover a stock, or tongue, of augite diorite in which several narrow, well-defined
quartz veins were previously exposed by surface-sluicing done under the direction of O. Fergus- WESTERN DISTRICT  (No. 6). F 33
son. Most of the underground work has been done on the Ypres claim near the lake-shore,
and it has disclosed several persistent quartz veins which vary in width from a few inches to
as much as 4 feet, averaging possibly IS inches.
The main crosscut adit, started 50 feet above the lake-level (3,000 feet elevation), is driven
north, crosscutting the diorite, for a distance of 775 feet. The first vein is intersected 65 feet
from the portal and is drifted on for 600 feet in a north 25 degrees west direction to a shear-
zone, probably a major fault. The vein averages about 16 inches in width for a length of 400
feet, the gold content being up to $1.60 per ton, according to the company sampling. The second
vein is cut 130 feet from the portal. It is similar in strike, dip, and gold content to No. 1 vein.
It is of greater average width and is drifted on in a north 25 degrees west direction for 110 feet.
The No. 3 vein is cut at 250 feet from the portal and it is similar in strike and dip (steep to
almost vertical) to No. 1 and No. 2 veins. A drift 250 feet long in a north 25 degrees west
direction shows the vein to average about 18 to 20 inches in width for 200 feet along the drift.
Two channel samples from this vein assayed 0.02 oz. gold per ton.
Approximately 500 feet of drifting along the main fault-zone, encountered in the No. 1 vein-
drift, was done in a northerly direction and small inclusions of sulphide mineralization, with
generally low, but occasionally fair, gold values, were found along the gouge-filled fault.
More recently it is reported that a drift to the west from the intersection of the vein and
the fault has encountered a quartz vein in a shear-zone along a length of 80 feet, with the
quartz averaging possibly 3 to 4 feet in width. Five samples of this quartz by H. J. Cain, the
managing director, returned an average assay of 0.06 oz. gold per ton, and 1.17 oz. silver per
ton across an average width of 2.6 feet from four of the samples; the fifth sample, an average
of the dump from the vein, assaying 0.06 oz. gold per ton and 0.72 oz. silver per ton. Samples
taken by the mine superintendent. A. Arland, across an average width of 3.1 feet along the
80-foot length assayed 0.135 oz. gold per ton. Drifting to the north in this section of the mine
is reported to have picked up several narrower lenses of quartz in the sheared ground.
A camp capable of accommodating fifty men has been erected near the workings. Power
equipment used for mining is driven by a 200-horse-power Pelton water-wheel installation.
Water for the power plant is supplied from Walker creek under a head of 287 feet.
This   organization,   controlled   by   the   A.P.   Consolidated   Oils,   Limited,   of
Texas Creek     Calgary,  during 1934 worked  a  crew of nine  men  under  the  direction  of
Placers. Colonel Harstone at the mouth of Texas creek, 15 miles by road below Lillooet,
on the Fraser river. Approximately 10,000 feet of steel flume was constructed
from the dam built on Texas creek. This system furnishes water to 1,000 feet of 22-inch to
15-inch steel pipe and a No. 4 monitor (6-inch nozzle) under a pressure-head of 250-300"feet.
The ground being worked is on the west bank of the Fraser river just south of Texas creek,
and hydraulic methods are being used for the double purpose of removing the recent river-
grave's and sand from what appears to be an old channel of the Fraser river which cuts into
the west bank at this point and for testing the bed-rock values in this channel. Only a small
area of old channel bed-rock had been uncovered in October, most of the season's work having
been spent in installing the water system and removing a large quantity of unconsolidated recent
river-gravels: consequently nothing is known about what bed-rock values may be obtained.
Colonel Harstone reports recovering encouraging quantities of coarse gold from the preliminary
testing, but could not say what average values might be recovered until the work had proceeded
further and indicated the true conditions of the old bed-rock channel and permitted more
extensive tests. The bed-rock is slate, badly fractured, the beds standing at high angles, and
thus excellent as a natural channel-riffle system.   


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