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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1933

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL EEPOET
THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
FOR  THE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST
1931
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY  OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles P. Banfield, Piinter to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1932.  To His Honour J. W. Fordham Johnson,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Youu Honour :
The Annual Report of the Department of Labour of the Province for the year 1931 is herewith respectfully submitted.
W. A. McKENZIE,
Minister of Labour.
Office of the Minister of Labour,
June, 1932. The Honourable W. A. McKenzie,
Minister of Labour.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Fourteenth Annual Report on the work of
the Department of Labour up to December 31st, 1931.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
ADAM BELL,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
Department of Labour,
Victoria, B.C., June, 1932. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Deputy Minister  7
Retirement of J. D. McNiven  7
Wages    7
Collection of Unpaid Wages  9
Unemployment     9
" Employment and Farm Relief Act, 1931"   11
Total Value of Works  11
Direct Relief   12
Number of Registrations  12
New Legislation  15
Statistics of Trades and Industries  17
Total Pay-roll :  17
Pay-roll Comparisons   19
Employment Fluctuation  20
Wage Changes   24
Average Industrial Wage   24
Nationality of Employees  27
Statistical Tables  .'. 28
Summary of all Tables  41
" Hours of Work Act "  42
Average Weekly Hours by Industries   42
" Male Minimum Wage Act"  43
Window-cleaners     43
Taxicab-drivers     43
Labour Disputes and Conciliation  45
Employment Service   50
Conditions during the Year  50
Business transacted   51
Handicap Section  52
Other Branches of Activity  53
Inspection of Factories  54
Number of Inspections  54
Safeguarding Machinery   54
Lighting     55
Sanitation     55
Child-labour    ...;  56
Number of Elevator Operators  57
Report of Trades and Labour Congress of Canada Convention  58
Report of American Federation of Labour Convention  59
Report of the Minimum Wrage Board  62
Collection of Shortages   62
Court Cases   63
Average Wages and Hours  63
Methods of coping with Existing Conditions  64
Statistical Survey   65
Summary of all Occupations  69
Record of Service  70
Marital Status  70
Wage Comparison   71
Appendix—Summary of Orders   73
Emergency Order, " Fruit and Vegetable Order "  76
Associations of Employers  77
Union Directory  79  REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF
LABOUR FOR 1931.
In submitting the Fourteenth Annual Report of the Department, and the first since my
appointment, I should like to place on record the appreciation of the staff of the different offices
throughout the Province of the unfailing kindness shown at all times by my predecessor,
Mr. J. D. MeNiven, who retired from office on June 15th, 1931.
Mr. MeNiven was formerly a member of the staff of the Federal Department of Labour,
and upon the formation of the Provincial Department of Labour in British Columbia in 1918
was selected for the position of Deputy Minister.
During the years as head of the Department he demonstrated a ripe experience, gathered
from an intimate knowledge of labour matters throughout the Dominion.
Under his guidance the Department grew to be a medium upon which employer and
employee could depend for sympathetic hearing and fair dealing.
Upon his retirement Mr. MeNiven was the recipient of a parting gift from the staff of the
Department. At this ceremony Honourable Senator Robertson, Minister of Labour for the
Dominion Government, was present, and referred to the fact that the retiring Deputy Minister
had served under him in the Dominion Labour Department.
Honourable W. A. McKenzie, Minister of Labour for British Columbia, also spoke in complimentary terms of Mr. MeNiven.
It is the sincere hope of all who were associated with Mr. MeNiven that he may be spared
for many years to enjoy his well-earned retirement.
During the year the Department suffered the loss of one of its members by the death of
W. T. Hamilton, Chief Inspector of Factories. Mr. Herbert Douglas, Assistant Inspector, being
subsequently promoted to the position of Chief Inspector.
CONGRATULATES DEPARTMENT.
We are indebted to the British Columbia Financial Times for the following extract which
appeared in the issue of August 15th, 1931:—■
" The labour reports of a Government or State are being increasingly looked to by the
business interests as a better guide to the state of trade than comes from any one individual
source. The growing appreciation of the intimate and fundamental connection of wages and
purchasing-power is a cause of this heavy leaning by executives and students of industry on
the comprehensive statistics of employment contained in these labour reports. The report of
the British Columbia Minister of Labour is a clear-cut document on the state of trade and
industry, and contains a vast amount of information, not only of special value to the student,
but of great interest and value to the average business man."
We appreciate this kind reference to the work of this Department, and sincerely trust that
our efforts will continue to be of value to the citizens of our Province.
WAGES.
Perhaps no subject has been discussed more during the year than wages. We have had
those who believe that a reduction of the rate of wages paid would have the effect of at once
starting the wheels of industry in motion, and thus create employment for the thousands who
are out of work.
We have also had those who insist that the reduction of wages could not help the situation,
but would mean a decrease in the purchasing-power of those already employed and result in
many more being added to the large numbers out of work.
To the employer, wages mean production costs. To the employee, wages mean his very
existence. For the past few years the number of unemployed has been increasing at an alarming rate and during the year 1931 reached its highest figure. Men who usually could get work
to do found that every branch of industry was reducing the number on its pay-roll, until finally,
when no more men could be dispensed with, the wages of those retained were reduced.
The present is the " machine age." Unemployment and reduced wages are the problems
facing us as a result of intensified production. The following few examples may throw some
light on how men have been displaced by machines:— E 8 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
One ditching-machine with one operator and one helper can do the work of forty-four men.
The power-shovel to-day can excavate as much as sixty men with hand-shovels.
In the manufacture of electric-light bulbs, one man, under the old process, could produce
seventy-five per day; the automatic machine produces 24,000 in eight hours, and it is reported
recent improvements greatly increase the production.
The linotype enables one operator to set as much type as six could set by the old hand
method, and has reduced the working-hours from ten to eight per day.
A dough-mixer and one man do the work of twenty bakers.
In the manufacture of boots and shoes, 100 machines have taken the place of 25,000 men.
In the manufacture of cigars, one machine does the work of fifteen men.
The bottling-machine increased the output per man from 45 to 950 bottles per hour.
The sound motion picture has displaced approximately 50 per centum of the musicians
employed in theatres.
This Province, in 1928, sent 10,812 workers to the Prairie Provinces for harvest-work.
The introduction of the " combine " so greatly reduced the number required that during 1930
only sixty-seven were sent; and while this reduction in the total might be attributed to crop
conditions, it was estimated that due to the " combine" the decrease would normally have
amounted to approximately 9,000 farm-labourers.
The examples quoted give evidence of the huge displacement of man-power with the advent
of every new machine, and one is constrained to ask, what are the men thus displaced finding
to do? The increasing number of unemployed indicates that they are not being absorbed in
other lines of industry. The employee displaced with the adoption of every new labour-saving
device is being lost to that particular industry, and has to look for employment in other spheres
which, unfortunately, are already overcrowded. The skill and knowledge required for his
former occupation is usually of little value in finding and learning another job.
It is occasionally stated that prosperity will not return unless wage-rates are brought to
pre-war levels; that labour conditions when wages ranged from $3 to $5 per day were better
than the conditions existing in subsequent years when wages had reached much higher levels.
There might be justification for this contention if living conditions were the same, but the
worker to-day would not be satisfied to return to pre-war standards, nor would it be fair to
suggest such a retrograde step.
By the manufacture of commodities, by advertising, and by efficient sales methods on the
part of manufacturers, the home of the working-man has been greatly improved during the last
two decades. In this improvement increased wage-rates have been a very important factor,
and had wages remained at their pre-war level, sales of many of the articles now considered
necessary in every home would have been infinitesimal, and it is a well-known fact that the
wage-earning section of our Province has by far the greatest purchasing-power. Wage reduction, therefore, means reduction of purchasing-power which would be felt in every line of
business.
Accepting, therefore, the principle of the wage-rate being from $4 to $8 per day, how can
manufacturers under present conditions pay this rate? This is probably impossible under
present-day methods of production, but the majority of manufacturers have in their own particular line an organization for the promotion of their industries. It might therefore be suggested that they get together in a friendly way and decide to set up methods which will bring
order out of the present chaos which has resulted in stagnation and distress throughout the
world. New business methods must be introduced, otherwise a repetition of our present situation will be only a matter of a few years. The time to put well-conceived reforms into effect
is now! The initial expenditure will be small, and mistakes, if any are made, will be less
costly. Each industry should grapple with the problem peculiar to itself and, having arrived
at a solution, bend every effort to bring it to a successful conclusion, and while working out
their problems industrialists should ever have before them that old saying, " Capital is useless
without labour;  labour is useless without capital."
Although present conditions are by no means confined to British Columbia, we cannot
escape our own responsibilities if we would restore more prosperous times. There is comfort
in the knowledge that the natural resources of our Province exist in rich plentitude and the
energy of our people remains unimpaired, li is the aim of the Department of Labour to assist
by every means within its power the harmonious correlation of those agencies upon which the
happiness and prosperity of our people depends. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 9
COLLECTION OF UNPAID WAGES.
A matter continually being brought to our attention is the great hardship placed upon
workers who find themselves in the unfortunate position of not being able to collect their wages
without having to enter action for recovery in the Courts. The causes of failure to pay wages
are varied. Lack of proper business methods, and inability to figure costs accurately, in many
cases explain why employers fail not only in paying wages when due, but in failing to pay the
full amount earned by the employees. The sums involved are usually small and this makes it
unprofitable to secure legal assistance. The fact that an employee may be some weeks in
arrears and often in debt precludes him, because of lack of funds, from taking civil action for
recovery. The failure to secure the wages earned, especially to the unskilled worker, is often
very serious.    It affects the well-being of his family and brings hardship in the home.
It also means that the merchants who supply this man with his necessities do not get paid,
resulting in all-round loss. Sometimes there are employers, successful in business, and who,
by a variety of methods, fail to pay their employees the wages earned.
This condition also exists to some extent with regard to women workers who do not come
within the scope of the female " Minimum Wage Act." It might be timely to consider whether
statutory powers should be given the Department of Labour to make collections on behalf of
those unfortunate employees who find themselves, through no fault of their own, thus deprived
of their earnings.
If such powers were granted to this Department it would prove of great assistance to many
wage-earners, enabling them to meet their liabilities, at the same time affording protection for
the employer who meets his pay-roll regularly in the face of such unfair competition.
LABOUR CONVENTIONS.
During the year 1931 two important labour conventions were held in British Columbia.
On September 21st the Forty-seventh Annual Convention of the Trades and Labour Congress
of Canada assembled in Vancouver, B.C., and on October 5th the Fifty-first Annual Convention
of the American Federation of Labour convened in the same city and remained in session until
October 15th.
A synopsis of the proceedings of these conventions furnished by Percy R. Bengough,
Secretary-Treasurer of the Vancouver-New Westminster and District Trades and Labour
Council, and Colin McDonald, President of the Vancouver-New Westminster and District
Trades and Labour Council, will be found on pages 58 and 59 respectively of this report.
UNEMPLOYMENT.
During the year under review the distressing condition of world-wide unemployment has
continued, with the result that the problems and difficulties created thereby have remained with
us in an intensified degree.
Early in the summer of 1931 the Province of British Columbia realized that the unemployment situation would become a very serious one during the fall and winter months, and in
anticipation of the co-operation of the Dominion Government in coping with conditions it was
decided that a registration of the unemployed should be conducted throughout the Province.
This was put into effect at the beginning of August by the Committee of the Executive Council
on Unemployment Relief, consisting of Honourable W. A. McKenzie, Minister of Labour, Chairman ; Honourable R. W. Bruhn, Minister of Public Works; Honourable S. L. Howe, Provincial
Secretary; Honourable J. W. Jones, Minister of Finance. Registration was conducted by the
Employment Service of Canada in conjunction with Government Agents, Provincial Police,
District Engineers, and Municipal Relief Officers.
In the meantime negotiations for the commencement of relief-work programmes were
entered into between the Federal and Provincial Governments and Municipal Councils.
Registration of unemployed proceeded with dispatch and efficiency and provided a basis for
the selection of men entitled to employment on relief-works.
The Dominion Parliament enacted legislation which was cited as the " Unemployment and
Farm Relief Act, 1931," under the terms and regulations of which agreements could be entered
into with the Government of any Province for the, payment of a proportion of expenditures,
either municipal or Provincial, that were deemed expedient to relieve distress and provide
employment. E 10 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
An agreement between the Province of British Columbia and the Dominion of Canada was
entered into on the 19th day of August, whereby the Dominion Government agreed to pay 50
per cent, of the labour and material costs for approved relief-work undertakings within the
Province and 50 per cent, of the cost of direct relief coming within Provincial territory, outside
of cities and municipalities, and one-third of direct relief within municipalities.
Agreements were entered into between the Provincial Government and the municipalities
that the Provincial Government would bear the cost of 25 per cent, of the labour for these
approved relief undertakings and one-third of the cost of direct relief.
It was further arranged that the responsibility with respect to municipal unemployed would
be that the municipalities would take care of their unemployed persons with dependents, and
that municipal single men and transients would be the joint responsibility of the Provincial
and Dominion Governments on a fifty-fifty basis.
The seriousness of the situation was made more apparent by the large number of registrations. By the end of August 35,842 had filled in registration forms, of which number over
20,000 were a Provincial responsibility.
It may be mentioned that registration did not carry with it a guarantee that relief, either
direct or by way of employment, would be given. .
Owing to the milder climate which prevails in British Columbia, this Province was confronted with a tremendous influx of individuals from other parts of Canada.
The congregation of these men from other parts in our cities and municipalities created a
condition which demanded prompt action on the part of the Government, and it was agreed by
the Dominion and the Province that the single men and transients should, as far as possible
and practicable, be moved from the urban centres to camps.
The Employment Service of Canada proved to be a valuable agency by which the dispatch
of unemployed men from cities to camps was accomplished, and at one period it was found
necessary to augment the service by establishing temporary sub-offices at strategical points
throughout the Province adjacent to the territory covered by the relief programme. The
dispatch of unemployed men to relief-work is dealt with on page 50 of this report. Camps
to the number of 237 were erected and equipped, capable of accommodating over 18,000 men.
Up to the end of May, 1932, 14,912 men had been dispatched to relief-work in British Columbia
by the Employment Service of Canada.
With respect to relief-work carried out by the Province a schedule of subsistence allowances
to be paid was arranged in August, 1931. In arriving at the rate the Government was explicit
that it did not regard the rates set " as wages," but as subsistence allowance to carry the
unemployed through an emergency.
The basic rate for unskilled labour was fixed at $3 per day, which was graded to higher
levels for more highly skilled occupations, 85 cents per day being deducted for board and
accommodation.    A standard week of six days at eight hours per day was set.
Work was continued on this basis until November, 1931, when owing to increased registrations it was realized, in view of financial conditions, that it would be impossible to continue to
provide relief-work for all the unemployed at the existing rates of remuneration.
It was felt advisable that, so far as the Provincial Government was concerned, all applicants should be put on a system of direct relief and that a commensurate amount of work
would be performed in return. This included men in camps, and such direct relief was provided
so that there would be no suffering owing to the lack of the necessities of life in the way of
food, clothing, and shelter.
The men in camps were provided with food, shelter, hospital and medical requirements,
necessary clothing, and a cash allowance of $7.50 per month in return for which twenty days'
work per month at six hours per day was required.
The Province has extended relief to needy unemployed outside of camps according to their
individual merits and requirements, having regard to the number of dependents.
Unemployment relief has continued to be administered on this basis until the expiry of the
" Unemployment and Farm Relief Act" on April 30th, 1932.
The highway programme of relief-work was widely distributed throughout the Province
and embraced many projects which will, by their early completion, go far to reimburse British
Columbia for the outlay. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 11
" The Unemployment and Farm Relief Act, 1931," along with P.O. 2043, containing the
necessary regulations, and a copy of the agreement between the Dominion and Provincial
Government follows:—
" UNEMPLOYMENT AND FARM RELIEF ACT, 1931."
An Act to confer certain powers upon the Governor in Council in respect to unemployment and
farm relief, and the maintenance of peace, order, and good government in Canada. Whereas by
reason of the continuing world-wide economic depression there exists in many parts of Canada a
serious state of unemployment and distress; and whereas the partial failure of the wheat-crop of
Western Canada has intensified the adverse economic conditions theretofore prevailing; and whereas
it is in the national interest that Parliament should support and supplement the relief measures of
the Provinces and other bodies in such ways as the Governor in Council may deem expedient, and for
that purpose should vest in the Governor in Council the powers necessary to ensure the speedy and
unhampered prosecution of all relief measures and the maintenance of peace, order, and good government in Canada: Now, therefore, His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate
and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:—
1. This Act may be cited as " The Unemployment and Farm Relief Act, 1931."
2. There may be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund such moneys as the Governor in
Council in his discretion may deem expedient to expend for relieving distress, providing employment,
and maintaining, within the competence of Parliament, peace, order, and good government throughout
Canada.
3. Without restricting the generality of the terms of the next preceding section hereof, and notwithstanding the provisions of any Statute or law, the Governor in Council may:—
(o.) Provide for the construction, extension, or improvement of public works, buildings,
undertakings, railways, highways, subways, bridges and canals, harbours and wharves,
and any other works and undertakings of any nature or kind whatsoever:
(6.) Assist in defraying the cost of the production, sale, and distribution of the products of
the field, farm, forest, sea, river, and mine:
(c.) Assist provinces, cities, towns, municipalities, and other bodies or associations, by loaning moneys thereto or guaranteeing repayment of moneys thereby, or in such other
manner as may be deemed necessary or advisable:
(d.)  Take all such other measures as may be deemed necessary or advisable for carrying
out the provisions of this Act;
and, for the purposes aforesaid, may expend such moneys from the Consolidated Revenue Fund as may
be required.
4. The Governor in Council shall have full power to make all such orders and regulations as may
be deemed necessary or desirable for relieving distress, providing employment, and, within the competence of Parliament, maintaining peace, order, and good government throughout Canada.
5. All orders and regulations of the Governor in Council shall have the force of law and shall
be enforced in such manner and by such Court officers and authorities as the Governor in Council may
prescribe, and may be varied, extended, or revoked by any subsequent order or regulation; but if any
order or regulation is varied, extended, or revoked, neither the previous operation thereof nor anything duly done thereunder shall be affected thereby, nor shall any right, privilege, obligation, or liability acquired, accrued, accruing, or incurred thereunder be affected by any such variation, extension,
or revocation.
6. The Governor in Council may prescribe penalties that may be imposed for violation of the
orders and regulations made under the authority of this Act, but no such penalty shall exceed a fine
of one thousand dollars or imprisonment for a term of more than three years, or both fine and
imprisonment, and may also prescribe whether such penalty shall be imposed upon summary conviction or upon indictment.
7. A report shall be laid before Parliament, within fifteen days after the expiration of this Act,
containing a full and correct statement of the moneys expended under this Act and the purposes to
which they have been applied, together with copies of all orders and regulations of the Governor in
Council made under the provisions thereof.
8. This Act shall expire on the first day of March, 1932.
" UNEMPLOYMENT AND FARM RELIEF ACT, 1931."
Total Value of Works.
The following tabulation shows the division of funds under the above Act as at the time of
its expiry, April 30th, 1932 :—
Organized Territory.—The value of works, including material allocated, in organized territory was:—
Provincial Government share   $493,947.00
Dominion Government share 1,375,000.00
Municipalities' share      881,053.00
Man-days' work provided         606,689 E 12
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Unorganized Territory.—The value of works, including material allocated, in unorganized
territory was $3,250,000, in which the Province and Dominion shared equally.
Man-days' work provided   656,480
The total value of works created under the " Unemployment and Farm Relief Act, 1931,"
in British Columbia was, therefore, $6,000,000, giving approximately 1,263,169 man-days' work.
Direct Relief.
The number of families, dependents, and single persons who received direct relief under the
above Act up to April 30th, 1932, was as follows:—
Heads of
B^amilies.
No. of
Dependents.
Individual
Cases.
Total.
Unorganized territory	
3,903
13,813
~~ 17,716
12,154
40,615
23,507
12,558
39,564
66,986
Total	
52,769
36,065
106,550
The amount paid in direct relief was:—
Unorganized territory   $1,044,312.00
Municipalities        1,219,860.00
Total  $2,264,172.00
The amount of $1,044,312 disbursed in unorganized territory was divided equally between
the Provincial and Dominion Governments, while the $1,219,S60 distributed by municipalities
was made up by the Provincial Government and the Dominion Government each paying one-
third, and the municipality concerned paying one-third towards the cost of residents with
dependents, but the cost of men without dependents in municipalities was borne equally between
the Provincial and Federal Governments.
NUMBER OF REGISTRATIONS.
The total number of persons having registered as unemployed since the commencement of
registration until April 30th, 1932, was 73,628, distributed as follows :—
Vancouver   25,643
Victoria     2,554
Other municipalities   25,541
Unorganized districts   19,890
DOMINION-PROVINCIAL AGREEMENT.
Indenture of Agreement entered into this 19th day of August, a.d. 1931.
Between
The Government of the Dominion of Canada (hereinafter called the "Dominion"),
represented herein by the Honourable Gideon D. Robertson, Minister of Labour, of the
first part;
and
The   Government   of   the   Province   of   British   Columbia    (hereinafter   called   the
"Province"),  represented  herein  by  the  Honourable   Simon  Fraser  Tolmie,   of   the
second part.
Whereas the " Unemployment and Farm Relief Act, 1931," provides that there may be paid out
of the Consolidated Revenue Fund such moneys as the Governor in Council in his discretion may
deem expedient to expend for relieving distress, providing employment, and maintaining, within the
competence of Parliament, peace, order, and good government throughout Canada :
And whereas under the general regulations established by Order of His Excellency the Governor-
General in Council, dated August 18th, 1931 (P.C. 2043), copy of which is hereto attached marked
" A," the Minister of Labour is empowered to enter into an agreement with the Government of any
Province for the purpose of supporting and supplementing the relief measures of the Province and
municipalities thereof:
And whereas the Province desires to enter into an agreement under the provisions of the general
regulations aforementioned: REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 13
Now, therefore, it is mutually agreed by and between the parties hereto as follows:—
1. The Dominion shall pay to the Province for remittance to any municipality within the Provincial territory such proportion of the expenditures of the municipality for "direct relief" (as hereinafter defined), where suitable work cannot be provided for the unemployed, as may be agreed upon
between the Province and the Dominion.
2. The Province shall pay to the municipality an amount equal to that contributed by the
Dominion for " direct relief," or such other proportion of the expenditure of the municipality as may
be agreed upon.
3. The Dominion shall pay to the Province fifty (50) per centum of the expenditures made by
the Provinces for " direct relief " in Provincial territory where no municipalities are established and
where suitable work cannot be provided for the unemployed.
4. Contributions by the Dominion towards " direct relief" are to be made only after the
submission by the Province of evidence satisfactory to the Minister of Labour that a serious
unemployment situation exists in a designated locality and suitable work for the unemployed cannot
be provided therein.
5. In this Agreement " direct relief " means necessary food, clothing, fuel, and shelter, or the
equivalent thereof.
6. The Dominion shall pay to the Province for remittance to any municipality such proportion
of the cost of construction of municipal works and undertakings carried out to provide work for the
unemployed as may be agreed upon between the Province and the Dominion; but the proportion of
the cost of any such municipal works and undertakings to be borne by the Dominion shall not exceed
fifty (50) per centum thereof, unless, by reason of the financial conditions of the municipality, the
assumption by the Dominion of a greater proportion of the cost of such works and undertakings is
specifically authorized by the Governor in Council; and the balance of such cost shall be borne by
the Province and the municipality in such proportions as may be agreed upon.
7. Such contributions by the Dominion and Province, respectively, towards the cost of municipal
works and undertakings are to be made only after the submission by the municipality concerned of
evidence satisfactory to the Province and the Minister of Labour that a serious unemployment situation exists in such municipality.
8. The Dominion shall pay to the Province fifty (50) per centum of the cost of such public
works and undertakings as may be carried on by the Province to provide suitable work for the
unemployed.
9. The Dominion shall pay to the Province fifty (50) per centum of any amount expended by the
Province on Provincial highways.
10. The Dominion shall pay to the Province fifty (50) per centum of the amount hereafter
expended by the Province on such highways now existing, or to be constructed, as may become part
of the Trans-Canada Highway.
The expression " Trans-Canada Highway " means, in relation to the Province, such Provincial
highways, affording a continuous route connecting the Province with any other or others of the
Provinces, as may be designated by the Province and approved by the Dominion.
11. Contributions by the Dominion towards the cost of public works, undertakings, and highways
referred to in sections 8, 9, and 10 hereof are to be made only after submission by the Province of
evidence satisfactory to the Minister of Labour that a serious unemployment situation exists.
12. The Province agrees to submit to the Dominion for approval by the Minister of the public
works and undertakings proposed to be carried on by the Province and municipalities under the
provisions of clauses 6. 8, 9. and 10 hereof, and also setting forth the proportions of the expenditures in respect of such public works and undertakings to be borne by the Dominion and Province
respectively; and such schedules, when approved, shall become part of this Agreement as if originally
incorporated therein.
13. All public works and undertakings to which contributions may be made under the provisions
of clauses 6, 8, 9, and 10 of this Agreement are to be carried on from the date of their commencement
to the date of their completion, which latter date shall not be later than the 1st day of May, 1932.
14. A maximum work-day of eight hours shall prevail on works and undertakings carried on
under this Agreement, unless a modification of this requirement is previously agreed to by the
Minister of Labour; fair and reasonable rates of wages shall be paid by the Province and municipalities, but such rates shall not be in excess of the rates required to be paid by the Federal Government for the character or class of work in the district; only goods and materials of Canadian manufacture or production, if available, shall be used; contracts shall be let only to bona-fi.de Canadian
construction firms established and operating in Canada prior to January 1st, 1931; and of the
amounts expended pursuant to the provisions of clauses 6, 8, 9, and 10 hereof not less than forty per
centum thereof shall be expended for labour unless a modification of this requirement is previously
agreed to by the Minister of Labour.
15. All persons employed on the works or undertakings referred to herein shall be residents of
Canada, and, so far as practicable, of the locality in which the work is being performed, and in no
case shall discrimination be made or permitted in the employment of persons by reason of their
political affiliation, race, or religious views.
16. Statements of accounts for expenditures made by the Province and municipalities for direct
relief or for public works and undertakings, pursuant to the provisions of this Agreement, shall be
submitted by the Province to the Minister of Labour, accompanied by a certificate of the appropriate
Provincial authority that expenditures have been duly made in accordance with such statements; and
such statements and certificates shall be in the form prescribed by the Minister of Labour. E 14 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
17. The Province and municipalities shall each bear their own expenses of administration in
connection with any measures for the relief of unemployment undertaken pursuant to this Agreement,
and no portion of such expenses of administration shall be included in any statement of account
rendered pursuant to this Agreement or paid by the Dominion.
18. The Minister of Labour may at any time call upon the Province to furnish such information
as he may require in relation to statements of accounts rendered by the Province or municipalities.
19. The Minister of Labour may at any time direct an inspection in connection with any
measures for the relief of unemployment carried out pursuant to this Agreement.
In witness whereof the Honourable Gideon D. Robertson, Minister of Labour, has hereunto set
his hand on behalf of the Dominion of Canada, and the Honourable Simon Fraser Tolmie, Premier,
has hereunto set his hand on behalf of the Province of British Columbia.
Signed  on behalf of  the  Government  of  Canada  by  the  Honourable
Gideon D. Robertson, Minister of Labour, in the presence of—
W. W. Dickson,
Provincial Secretary.
Signed on behalf of the Province of British Columbia by the Honourable S. F. Tolmie in the presence of—
R. H. Pooley,
Attorney-General.
G. D. ROBERTSON.
S. F. TOLMIE.
DOMINION ORDER IN COUNCIL AND REGULATIONS.
P.C. 2043.
At the Government House at Ottawa.
Tuesday, the 18th day of August, 1931.
Present:
His Excellency the Governor-General in Council.
Whereas unemployment, which is primarily a municipal and provincial responsibility, has
become so general throughout Canada as to constitute a matter of national concern:
And whereas Parliament has enacted legislation, which may be cited as " The Unemployment
and Farm Relief Act, 1931," in respect to unemployment, farm relief, and maintenance of peace,
order, and good government:
And whereas, the necessary powers having been granted to the Governor in Council, it is deemed
expedient to make regulations to govern the administration of the said Act:
Therefore, His Excellency the Governor-General in Council, on the recommendation of the
Minister of Labour, is pleased to make the annexed regulations to govern the administration of the
said Act, and they are hereby made and established accordingly.
G. G. Kezar,
Assistant Clerk of the Privy Council.
General Regulations.
1. Except where the context otherwise requires, in these regulations the expression:—
(a.)  "Act" means the "Unemployment and Farm Relief Act, 1931":
(6.)   "Minister" means the Minister of Labour.
2. There may be paid from the Consolidated Revenue Fund such moneys as the Governor in
Council may deem expedient to relieve distress, provide employment, and maintain peace, order, and
good government.
3. The Minister may enter into an agreement with the Government of any Province for the
payment through the Province to the municipality of such proportion of the expenditures of any
municipality within the said Province for the direct relief as may be agreed upon between the
municipality and the Province and approved by the Minister.
4. The Minister may enter into an agreement with the Government of any Province for the payment to such Province of such proportion of the expenditures of the said Province for direct relief
where no Municipal Government exists as may be agreed upon between the said Province and the
Minister.
5. The expression " direct relief" in sections 3 and 4 hereof means food, clothing, fuel, and
shelter, or payment in lieu thereof, as may be determined by the municipal authorities and approved
by the Province concerned, or approved by the Province where no Municipal Government exists.
6. The Minister may enter into an agreement with the Government of any Province in which
any municipality is situated for the payment through the Province to such municipality of a proportion of the cost of such municipal works and undertakings as may be carried out pursuant to the
agreement to provide work for the unemployed. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 15
7. The Minister may enter into an agreement with the Government of any Province for the
carrying-on by such Provincial Government of public works, improvements, and other undertakings
that will assist in providing suitable work for the unemployed, the cost of such public works and
improvements to be borne by the Provincial and Dominion Governments in such proportion as may
be agreed upon.
8. As the success of the relief measures under these regulations will largely depend upon the
fair and equitable distribution of opportunities for employment and payment of reasonable rates of
wages, the Federal Government will require that a maximum work-day of eight hours shall prevail
on works and undertakings carried on under the provisions of the " Unemployment and Farm Relief
Act, 1931," unless a modification of this requirement is previously agreed to by the Minister; the
Provincial or municipal authorities may fix the rates of wages to be paid, provided that such rates
be fair and reasonable and not in excess of the rate required to be paid by the Federal Government
for the character or class of work in the district; and, if available, only goods and materials of
Canadian manufacture or production shall be used, and contracts shall be let only to bona-fide
Canadian construction firms established and operating in Canada prior to January 1st, 1931.
9. All agreements with Provincial and municipal authorities shall contain a provision to the
effect that all persons employed on the works or undertakings referred to herein shall be residents of
Canada, and, so far as practicable, of the locality in which the work is being performed, and in no
case shall discrimination be made or permitted in the employment of or in the granting of direct
relief to any British subjects by reason of their political affiliation, race, or religious views.
10. The Minister may at any time call upon the Province or municipality to furnish such
information as he may require in relation to statements of account rendered by the Province or
municipality.
11. The Minister shall have power to direct an inspection in connection with any measures for
the relief of unemployment carried, out pursuant to agreements under the provisions of these
regulations.
12. The administration of the Act and regulations thereunder shall be vested in the Minister of
Labour, subject to the approval of the Governor in Council.
13. The expenses of administration of the Federal Government under these regulations, including the salaries of temporary employees, shall be paid out of the Consolidated Revenue Fund and the
Provincial and Municipal Governments shall each bear their own expenses of administration in
connection with any measures for the relief of unemployment pursuant to agreements under the
provisions of these regulations.
NEW LEGISLATION.
The " Moving Pictures Act" was amended empowering the Lieutenant-Governor in Council
to make regulations requiring that a proportion of the films available for distribution by film
exchanges to the proprietors, lessees, managers, or employees of moving-picture theatres, and a
proportion of the films exhibited in each moving-picture theatre, shall be of British manufacture and origin;   and for fixing those proportions on a monthly or yearly basis.
The " Woodmen's Lien for Wages Act." An amendment was passed more clearly defining
" registration districts " for the purpose of filing liens.
The " Weekly Half-holiday Act" was amended extending the power of the Lieutenant-
Governor in Council to change the day upon which a half-holiday is fixed in unorganized
territory to some other day of the week if considered necessary and advisable.
" Remembrance Day " was added to the list of public holidays enumerated in the Act.
The " Shops Regulation Act" was amended to limit the hours of work of " young persons "
in shops to eight hours in any one day and forty-eight hours in any one week. In this Act a
" young person " is a boy or girl under 16 years of age.
Under this Act " occupiers of shops " in a municipality may apply to a Municipal Council
requesting that a by-law be passed fixing a weekly half-holiday. This Act was amended by
defining more clearly " occupiers of shops" in order to assure that such petitions would be
properly representative of the people concerned and affected.
The Act was further amended so that in every by-law passed requiring the closing of
automobile garages, automobile service or repair shops, or gasoline service-stations, the
Municipal Council shall make due provision for the accommodation of the public in respect of
service required after the hour of closing.
The " Unemployment Relief Act" validates the agreement entered into on August 19th,
1931, between the Provincial Government and the Dominion of Canada, providing measures for
unemployment relief, also the agreements between the Province and municipalities. The Act
makes provision for the borrowing of moneys by the Province from the Dominion for expenditure in the relief of unemployment.
" Mortgagors' and Purchasers' Relief Act." This Statute, which remains in force until the
next sitting of the Legislature, unless earlier terminated by Order of the Lieutenant-Governor E 16 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
in Council, prohibits the enforcement of judgments or other Court processes for the recovery of
principal moneys payable under mortgages or agreements for sale without first obtaining permission of a Judge.
" Superannuation Act." An amendment was passed restoring the privileges of the Act to
contributors who have been dismissed but who have been re-engaged within a period of three
years. It also provides that the superannuation of Civil servants is unaffected by temporary
reductions in salary. The Act was extended to apply to the Vancouver and District Joint
Sewerage and Drainage Board and to the Greater Vancouver Water District.
" Mothers' Pensions Act." This Act was amended to provide that in municipalities the
cost of pensions shall be divided between the municipality and the Province.
"Workmen's Compensation Act." Power was given the Board to assess an industry or
plant at a special rate relative to the accident cost therein.
"Provincial Free Miners' Certificates (Placer) Act." This Act makes provision whereby
any person 18 years of age or over may obtain a Provincial free miner's certificate from any
Mining Recorder, and thereupon will be entitled to stake a claim for placer-mining purposes
anywhere in British Columbia, record it in his or her name without fee, and enjoy complete
legal possession of such precious metals as it may yield and of the surface for mining purposes.
There is one important condition—namely, that the applicant for a certificate shall have been
a resident of the Province for a period of at least six months.
" Final Report of the Royal Commission on State Health and Maternity Benefits." The
final report of the above Commission was submitted to the Legislature recommending that a
system of compulsory health-insurance and maternity-benefit scheme be established at an early
date in British Columbia. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 17
STATISTICS OF TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
In common with other sections of the country, and in fact the entire world, the continued
decline in employment figures for the year 1931 has had a marked effect on the industrial life
of the Province.
The picture as shown by our total pay-roll conveys in graphic detail the decrease in the
amount paid during the year just closed; and although the drop is of large proportions and the
average weekly wage paid in most of our industries having also been lowered, this is to some
extent at least more apparent than real because the average hours worked per week has also
decreased. It therefore follows that those who were paid by the hour, because of working
fewer hours per week, would have a smaller weekly wage; this in turn reducing the average
weekly wage-rates and the total pay-roll for the year.
The tables showing the heaviest reductions in pay-roll are headed by the lumber industry
with a reduction of $12,000,000, followed by metal-mining with $3,600,000; food products with
$2,600,000;   contracting and metal trades with $2,500,000 each.
Reduced totals were found in every table and will be referred to later.
RETURNS FROM 4,088 EMPLOYERS.
Returns were received from 4,088 employers, a decrease of 616 from 1930.
Reference might again be made at this time to the laxity of some employers in making
their return promptly.    The collection of statistical information is a duty placed upon the .
Department by the Legislature and the work of the staff could be greatly facilitated and money
saved to the taxpayer if returns were made promptly.
Section 8 of the " Department of Labour Act" is here quoted for the information of all
employers: " Every person who for the space of one month after receipt of notice to furnish
any information required under any of the provisions of this Act neglects or refuses to furnish
the same shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding one hundred
dollars, and every person who furnishes information required under this Act, knowing it to be
false, shall be liable to a like penalty."
TOTAL PAY-ROLL.
The pay-roll shown by the 4,088 firms reporting amounted to $96,296,567.77, a decrease of
$30,863,899.76 from 1930, or 24.27 per cent.
The pay-rolls and number of firms reporting since 1921 being as follows:—■
Year. No. reporting. Total Pay-roll.
1921    "..    2,275 ?79,742,380.10
1922   2,809 86,192,190.73
1923   3,375 106,796,958.96
1924   3,566 107,798,771.36
1925   4,138 115,943,238.60
1926   4,521 129,420,599.55
1927   4,597 130,047,021.92
1928    -     4,846   ' 136,784,484.18
1929        5,065 145,120,325.98
1930        4,704 127,160,467.53
1931        4,088 " 96,296,567.77
From the above figures it will be seen that from 1921 to 1929 there was a steady and
healthy increase in the number of firms reporting, also in the total pay-roll, and that in the short
space of two years industrial activities as judged by the wages paid fell to a position midway
between the 1922 and 1923 totals.
In order that our figures and averages will cover the same class of workers, we have not
included in our tabulation those employed on relief-work. But have endeavoured to present
our tables on the same basis as given in previous reports.
2 E 18
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
TOTAL PAY-ROLL OF ALL INDUSTRIES.
The returns received from the 4,088 firms reporting give a total pay-roll of $96,296,567.77;
this total is not the aggregate pay-roll of the Province, and in order that a fair estimate maybe made we have added a number of additional items.
From firms whose returns were received too late to be included in the above must be
added $1,704,194.80, and for those who up to the time of writing have failed to make a return
we have estimated $1,550,000. Transcontinental railways and other railways (not including
those connected with logging operations) submitted pay-rolls which totalled $11,890,246.11,
a decrease of $2,987,407.44. Dominion and Provincial Government employees are estimated at
$5,500,000, a decrease of $500,000. Wholesale and retail firms were placed at $2,850,000, a
decrease of $700,000.
For such operations as delivery, cartage and teaming, warehousing, butchers, moving-picture
operators, wood and coal yards, and auto transportation we have estimated $3,400,000, a
decrease of $700,000. The pay-roll of the employees of ocean-going vessels whose homes are
in this Province and of express company employees is estimated at $7,500,000. While $1,250,000
is allowed for miscellaneous to cover industrial firms who could not be included in any of the
above.
The total industrial pay-roll of the Province, including the estimates given above, would
therefore be:—
Pay-roll of 4,088 firms making returns to Department of Labour      $96,296,567.77
Returns received too late to be included in above summary   1,704,194.80
Employees in occupations included in Department's inquiry, not sending in
returns  (estimated pay-roll)           1,550,000.00
Transcontinental railways        11,890,246.11
Dominion and Provincial Government workers   5,500,000.00
Wholesale and retail Arms  2,850,000.00
Delivery,   cartage   and   teaming,   warehousing,   butchers,   moving-picture
operators,  coal and wood yards,  and auto  transportation    3,400,000.00
Ocean services and express companies         7,500,000.00
Miscellaneous     1,250,000.00
Total  $131,941,008.68
The percentage of the total paid to officers, superintendents, and managers was 11.57, the
amount being $11,135,711.82; to clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, 13.45 per cent., or
$12,950,859.47;   and to wage-earners, 74.98 per cent, or $72,209,996.48.
The following table shows the changes in the percentage figures covering the past five
years:—
1927.
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Per Cent.
10.19
8.59
81.22
"TMOO
Per Cent.
9.29
9.31
81.40
Per Cent.
9.48
9.53
80.99
Per Cent.
10.38
11.03
78.59
Per Cent.
11 57
13.45
74 98
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
The above percentages indicate clearly that there has been a steady decline in the amounts
paid to wage-earners and a corresponding increase in the amounts paid to the other two classes,
and there seems no room for doubt that the citizen who depends on the weekly pay envelope is
the one who has suffered during the last two years. As a further indication of the tendency of
lowering wages the following is ample proof, there being 16,264 adult males receiving less than
$19 per week, as compared with 7,253 in 1930:— REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 19
Adult Male Workers employed at Low Rates of Wages.
Weekly Rate.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Under $6	
49
45
37
158
139
297
382
1,249
S67
1,454
1,635
2,695
1,796
3,806
2
3
12
53
54
97
204
359
528
965
1,438
1,311
1,952
' 2,520
1
11
10
9
44
72
194
171
317
619
502
1,199
1,260
1
3
10
26
70
44
214
143
283
679
574
1,092
1,252
1
97
27
49
110
494
588
1,267
1,550
1,409
3
47
57
88
182
184
816
954
1,024
1,950
1,948
3
$6 to $6.99	
35
7 to 7.99	
81
8 to 8.99	
79
9 to 9.99	
147
10 to 10.99	
526
11 to 11.99	
550
12 to 12.99	
1,174
953
13 to 13.99	
14 to 14.99	
1,973
2,675
3,322
1,989
15 to 15.99	
16 to 16.99	
17 to 17.99	
IS to 18.99	
2,757
Totals	
14,609
9,498
4,409
4,391
5,592
7,253
16,264
THREE INDUSTRIAL DIVISIONS.
As has been our custom for a number of years, separate divisions showing the total payrolls for Greater Vancouver, Rest of Mainland, and Vancouver Island are given.
Of the returns received, Greater Vancouver had 44.69 per cent, of the total pay-roll, compared with 38.91 for 1930, an increase of 5.78 per cent.
Rest of Mainland had 39.52 per cent., a decrease of 2.54 per cent.; while on Vancouver
Island the percentage was 15.79, a loss of 3.24 per cent.
As suggested last year, we do not anticipate the percentage figures of Greater Vancouver to
maintain the pace set during the past two years. As a revival of business conditions the
Rest of Mainland and Vancouver Island will regain their losses through increased production
of lumbering, mining, pulp and paper manufacturing, etc.
The pay-roll figures, other than the $96,296,567.77 shown as the amount submitted by the
4,088 firms, have been divided in the same proportion, giving the following division of the industrial pay-roll of the Province for the past four years:—
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
$65,585,625.41
80,746,121.74
36,766,034.57
$183,097,781.72
$68,730,605.09
83,790,637.05
39,571,007.37
$192,091,249.51
$65,031,766.92
70,296,482.05
31,805,564.74
$58,964,436.78
52,143,086.62
20,833,485.28
$167,133,813.71
$131,941,008.68
PAY-ROLL COMPARISONS.
Each of the twenty-five tables shows a decrease in the pay-roll. The lumbering industry
again suffering most, with a loss of $12,000,000, followed by metal-mining with $3,600,000; food
products, $2,600,000;   contracting and metal trades with $2,500,000 each.
Coal-mining again lost, having a decrease of $1,000,000; Coast shipping and public utilities
down $900,000 each. Pulp and paper manufacturing, $800,000; printing and publishing,
$700,000; oil-refining, $470,000; manufacturing of wood (N.E.S.), $450,000; limestone and
cement, $400,000; ship-building, $330,000; miscellaneous trades and industries, $300,000: laundries, $250,000; breweries and smelting, $200,000 each; leather and fur goods, $150,000; house-
furnishing, $130,000; explosives and chemicals and garment-making, $120,000 each; followed
by paint-manufacture, jewellery-manufacture, and cigar and tobacco manufacture with losses
of $80,000, $50,000, and $7,300 respectively. E 20
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
The pay-rolls covering the past three years can be conveniently compared in the following
table:—
Industry.
1929.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
1930.
1931.
No. of
Firms
porting.
Total
Pay-roll.
No. of
Firms
porting.
Total
Pay-roll.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting	
Explosives and chemicals	
Food products	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Manufacturing jewellery	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing....
Manufacturing leather and fur goods
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper mills	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, etc	
Manufacturing wood (N.E.S.)	
Totals	
35
85
6
28
120
1,272
14
507
86
42
10
97
60
1,097
723
296
147
37
13
141 I
19
43
2
$894
2,228
40
6,508
9,479,
16,031:
408.
11,477,
1,047,
838,
252.
1,827.
628
35,920
9,470,
12,052,
2,948
1,856
315
4,419,
5,277.
1,584
6,102
10,771
2,646
,058.05
,740.67
,991.42
,572.73
,903.49
,889.15
,900.52
,417.29
,332.82
,133.83
,489.39
,406.99
,171.68
,814.46
360.77
,702.00
,670.35
,105.35
,877.18
.619.41
,264.27
,229.26
,644.62
,430.88
,599.34
38
89
8
26
122
1,209
12
490
71
52
9
80
46
957
747
175
154
25
11
144
16
43
2
94
84
$919
2,102
33
5,666
7,864
15,052
388
12,044
833
954
244
1,819
532
24,884
9,159
8,794
3,055
1,550
296
4,193,
5,515
1,570
6,138
11,490
2,054
,439.87
,053.83
,669.01
528.68
024.07
.002.85
.751.18
250.99
,225.55
,187.58
.538.21
.588.56
736.45
,763.99
847.72
,660.08
,746.40
,226.44
917.32
899.99
461.04
146.20
961.84
070.60
769.08
37
81
9
25
107
988
10
466
64
40
8
82
49
712
690
158
162
12
8
130
15
42
2
96
80
1,717
26
4,671
6,902
12,534
266
9,425
717
823
194
1,562
387.
12,904
6.699
5,103
2,762
1,083
217
3,425
4,702
1,244
5,920.
10,532
1,574
,220.28
,974.02
,389.75
,819.52
,829.90
,934.72
,411.14
376.67
,166.22
488.92
,744.37
,167.21
314.96
625.88
501.54
304.96
949.55
,745.80
519.99
317.87
906.14
179.26
029.71
761.26
,888.13
5,065 ]$145,120,325.98 I 4,704 |$127,160,467.53
4,088 I  $96,296,567.77
APPRENTICES AGAIN DECREASE.
The number of apprentices employed during 1931 decreased by 376, the number employed
being 905. Groups in which the heaviest reductions took place were metal trades, 88; miscellaneous trades and industries, 64; public utilities, 51; printing and publishing, 33; food
products, 21; contracting, 15; metal-mining, 12. It was gratifying to note that several
increased the number of apprentices during the year. In the manufacture of wood (N.E.S.)
an increase of 17 is shown;   garment-making, 11;   ship-building, 7;   and coal-mining, 5.
EMPLOYMENT FLUCTUATION.
The following chart depicts the employment curves covering certain years, and in order
to make a comparison we have used the years 1921-29-30-31.
The year 1921 definitely marked the end of the depressed business conditions which existed
at that time. There was a steady increase in the number employed until the latter part of
1929, when the whole business structure crashed, and despite desperate efforts on the part of
business leaders all over the world has kept crumbling ever since.
The year 1929 was the peak of employment since records have been kept by this Department ; there is shown also the years 1930 and 1931. While business generally is not showing
any decided improvement, there is a more optimistic sentiment which should make itself felt
in the near future. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 21
The following cut is only applicable to the industries making returns to this Department:
AVERAGE    MONTHLY   NUMBER  °" WAQE-EARNEFS (Male S Female)
1331-23-30-31
JAN. FEB. MARAPL. MAY JUNE JULY  AUG.SEPT. OCT.  NOV.   DEC.
100,000
95,000
90,000
85,000
80,000
75,000
70,000
65,000
eo.ooo
55,000
50,000
,**"
'■•-..
1929
•s
'"\.
 -
—.___
s..
"■■•..
1930
,--" '
 - —
,^->*
"v.
X
X
>
V
^-" "
^■■—*~-'
^::~
'^-^
"\.
1931
•""
s.
1921
45,000
•40,000
•     REFERENCE
employment  in	
1921    shewn   thus
1929
1930
19 31
—
1              1               1               1              1              1
The following table records the increases and decreases in the average weekly wages as
calculated from the tables and shows six increases and nineteen decreases. Increases were
small compared with those who suffered decreases, and is evidence of the wage-reducing policy
which from a small beginning has spread to almost every branch of industry.
Weekly AY ages, 1931, compared with 1930.
The increases and decreases in weekly wages are shown in the following table:—
Increases.
Breweries   $0.18 Paint-manufacture   $0.26
Explosives and chemicals  12 Printing and publishing 44
Oil-refining        1.46 Smelting 39
Decreases.
Builders' materials   $1.57
Cigar and tobacco manufacture ....    4.66
Coal-mining  63
Coast shipping      1.73
Contracting     2.93
Food products      4.36
Garment-making      5.83
House-furnishing        2.36
Jewellery-manufacturing      6.56
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing ....    1.87
Leather and fur goods   $2.50
Lumber industry      4.60
Metal trades      2.22
Metal-mining        3.29
Miscellaneous trades and industries    2.45
Pulp and paper manufacturing ....    1.45
Ship-building  77
Street-railways, gas, water, power,
telephones, etc 91
Manufacturing of wood  (N.E.S.)..    2.36 E 22
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
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CJ   CJ   CO CO  Tji   t^ REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 23
Chart showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages—Continued.
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DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
B-
WAGE CHANGES.
The same method of comparison has been made of the weekly wage-rates in the various
industries as in previous years. In the general summary of all tables, 2,998 adult males are
shown as having received from $19 to $19.99 per week; some, no doubt, received $19; others
$19.50 and $19.75, etc. In our calculations we set the weekly wage of these 2,998 at $19.50.
There is also shown 8,913 receiving from $30 to $34.99 per week. In the same manner some
would receive $30, $31, $32, $33, and $34 per week, and in this block of wage-earners we have
set the wage at $32 per week for the purpose of making an average. We therefore assumed,
where steps of $1 were given in the table, that $19 to $19.99 meant $19.50, and where steps of
$5 are shown—that of $30 to $34.99, for example—meant $32. Should the above be considered
too generous, the 1,682 given as receiving $50 and over were in all cases to mean $50 only.
The following table shows the average industrial weekly wage for each industry from the
year 1925 to 1931. These averages are calculated from the adult male column only, and are
for one full week's work in each particular industry. It must not, however, be assumed that
the weekly rate multiplied by the number of weeks in the year is the total earnings, as we have
no knowledge how many weeks or months these 73,877 employees were employed during the
year, our average being for the week of employment of the greatest number.
Average Full Week's Wages in each Industry (Adult Males only)
Industry.
1925
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining.	
Coast   shipping-	
Contracting	
Explosives and  chemicals	
Food products, manufacture of	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Jewellery,  manufacture  of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods	
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining -	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc	
Manufacturing of wood  (N.E.S.)	
$27.41
26.78
22.97
30.52
28.21
28.23
23.35
26.25
29.10
25.34
35.06
25.30
26.68
25.40
28.13
32.81
25.38
31.39
22.00
37.61
27.38
27.72
35.75
27.69
23.92
$27.32
27.38
22.24
30.06
29.59
29.06
23.79
26.20
29.48
25.67
36.69
27.00
26.90
25.56
27.92
33.34
24.61
31.48
21.94
38.25
27.47
28.74
32.90
29.26
25.26
$27.62
26.96
22.36
29.79
29.79
30.24
25.38
26.60
29.15
27.46
31.41
26.44
29.42
25.93
29.76
32.89
25.99
30.96
24.95
36.72
27.11
29.11
31.15
28.83
25.60
$28.85
26.28
22.97
30.50
31.89
30.58
26.24
27.70
28.60
27.44
32.49
26.96
27.88
26.53
31.04
33.27
27.15
30.23
23.62
40.94
26.82
28.85
32.54
30.04
25.02
$27.70
28.04
26.58
30.18
32.84
30.57
24.61
26.56
28.6S
26.74
36.61
23.16
29.03
26.54
29.50
35.24
26.21
30.50
25.58
40.81
27.87
30.25
33.09
30.70
25.49
$27.40
27.38
25.06
29.03
31.36
30.34
26.66
27.79
28.34
25.54
37.85
27.16
28.31
25.69
29.96
33.31
25.88
29.78
25.85
39.34
27.39
30.35
30.05
30.02
26.03
$27.58
25.81
20.40
28.40
29.63
27.41
26.78
23.43
22.51
23.18
31.29
25.29
25.81
21.09
27.74
30.02
23.43
31.24
26.11
39.78
25.94
29.58
30.44
29.11
23.67
DECREASE IN AVERAGE INDUSTRIAL WAGE.
The average industrial wage covering a full week's work for the 73,877 adult males shown
in the general summary was $26.17, compared with $28.64 in 1930. As stated in the previous
paragraph, this represents the pay for a full week's work; the average earnings covering the
year would likely be lower, due to stoppages, broken time, and various other conditions.
The average weekly wage for industrial workers (adult males only) since the compilation
of these statistics is as follows:—
1918   $27.97
1919   29.11
1920   31.51
1921   27.62
1922   27.29
1923   28.05
1924   28.39
1925   $27.82
1926   27.99
1927   28.29
1928   28.96
1929   29.20
1930   28.64
1931   26.17 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 25
FEMALES IN INDUSTRY.
The percentage of female employees engaged in industry was 9.75. In food products a
decrease of 1,800 females occurred during 1931; laundries, cleaning and dyeing, 250; public
utilities, 150. Small increases were noted in breweries, explosives and chemicals, garment-
making, and miscellaneous trades and industries.
SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS.
The following table shows the variation of employment in each industry for the past two
years. The peak month for all tables changed from July to June, the low being December, the
same as last year. Producers of builders' materials declined steadily from April. Coal-mining
fluctuated during the year.
The peak in Coast shipping changed from August to June in 1931 and shows a drop of
1,524 employees for the peak months, due no doubt to the closing-down of logging camps and
the curtailment of other industries requiring local towing service. The contracting group had
a high of 9,714, as compared with 10,595 in 1930; food products with a peak of 9,779 for
1931 and 11,452 during 1930; lumbering reached its peak in May, when 13,914 were reported, as
against 21,880 in March, 1930; printing and publishing, in common with other branches of
industry, dropped from 1,528 in March, 1930, to 1,172 in February, 1931; pulp and paper
manufacturing had 3,261 employed during the peak month in 1931, being 231 more than the
high for 1930.
The summary of all tables shows the figures by month of all twenty-five tables and is given
in graph form on page 21. E 26
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
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02 02 02 ^ REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 27
NATIONALITIES OF EMPLOYEES.
Several changes are made in the table showing the nationalities of employees. Natives of
English-speaking countries accounted for 73.60 per cent.; natives of Continental Europe, 15.48
per cent. The employees from other countries and nationality not stated, 3.85 per cent., and for
Asiatics 7.07 per cent. The actual number of Asiatics employed was 6,283, as compared with
9,978 for 1930. The percentage figures for the four divisions will be seen in the following
table:—■
1926.
1827.
1028.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Natives of English-speaking countries	
Natives of Continental Europe	
Natives of Asiatic countries	
From other countries, or nationality not
stated	
Per Cent.
70.92
15.62
11.56
1.90
Per Cent.
72.51
15.05
10.20
2.24
100.00    100.00
Per Cent.
72.65
17.02
9.33
1.00
100.00
I
Per Cent.
70.34
18.56
10.01
1.09
Per Cent.
72.01
16.07
8.97
2.95
100.00
100.00
Per Cent.
73.60
15.48
7.07
3.85
100.00
EMPLOYERS WITH LARGE PAY-ROLL.
The number of firms having a pay-roll of over $100,000 totalled 145, being a reduction of 74
from previous year's total. When tabulating these firms we do no include any public authorities, Dominion, Provincial, or municipal, nor is wholesale or retail merchants, transcontinental
railways, or deep-sea shipping counted in the total.
The effect of foreign trade was again shown in the lumbering industry, the number for 1931
being 32, a decrease of 40 from the previous year. Food products totalled 22; contracting, 14;
Coast shipping, 9; public utilities, 7; coal-mining, 9; metal-mining, 8; garages, 4; printing
and publishing, 6; lime, stone, and cement, pulp and paper manufacturing, 5 each ; ship-building,
4; breweries, laundries, oil-refining, 3 each; machine-shops, miscellaneous metal trades, miscellaneous trades and industries and smelting, 2 each; and one each in house-furnishing,
jewellery-manufacturing, and paint-manufacture.
Nine of the 145 firms had a total pay-roll of over $1,000,000; two paying out between
$2,000,000 and $3,000,000, one between $4,000,000 and $5,000,000, and one over $5,000,000. E 28
DEPARTMENT OF LAEOUR.
CONTENTS OF TABLES.
With regard to the tables immediately following1, the general
headings of such tables are given hereunder and the trades included under each heading :—
No. 1. Breweries.— Under this heading are tabulated mineral-
water manufacturers and breweries.
No. 2. Builders' Material, etc.— Includes manufacturers of
brick, cut stone, Portland cement, lime, tiles, and firebrick ;
also stone-quarries and dealers in sand, grave], and crushed
rock.
No. 3. Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing.—Comprises only
these trades.
No. 4. Coal-mining.—This group contains also the operation of
coke-ovens and coal-shipping docks.
No. 5. Coast Shipping.-—Includes the operation of passenger
and freight steamships, stevedoring, tug-boats (both general
and towing logs), and river navigation, but does not include
the operation of vessels in the offshore trade.
No. 6. Contracting. -Here are grouped building trades, painting and paper-hanging, plumbing a:*d heating, and sheet-
metal works; also contractors for industrial plants, structural-steel fabricating, railway-fencing, sewers, pipes and
valves, dredging, pile-driving, wharves, bridges, roofing,
and automatic sprinklers. Firms making return as building
contractors, constructors of dry-kilns, refuse-burners, mills,
brick-furnaces, electrical contractors, hardwood and sanitary floor-layers, and bricklayers.
No. 7. Explosives, Chemicals, etc. — Includes the manufacture
of these commodities, also the manufacture of fertilizers.
No. 8. Food Products, Mamifacture of,—This table includes
bakeries, biscuit-manufacturers, cereal-milling, creameries
and dairies, fish, fruit and vegetable canneries, packinghouses, curers of ham and bacon, blending of teas; also
manufacturers of candy, macaroni, syrup, jams, pickles,
sauces, coffee, catsup, and spices.
No. 9, Garment-making.—Includes tailoring, the manufacture
of buttons, pleating, embroidery, etc., jute and cotton goods,
shirts, overalls, knitted goods, millinery and ladies' outfitting.
No. 10. House Furnishings.—Comprises firms engaged in the
manufacture of furniture, beds and bedding, springs and
mattresses, upholstering, and carpet and linoleum laying.
Nn. 11. Jewellery, Manufacture of.—Includes the repair as well
as manufacturing of jewellery and watches and optical
instruments (where same is carried on in a factory).
No. 12. Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing.— Includes these industries only.
No. 13. Leather and Fur Goods, Manufacture of—Comprises
manufacturers of boots, shoes, gloves, harness, trunks, and
leather Indian novelties; also furriers and hide and wool
dealers.
No. 14. Lumber Industries.—In this group are included logging, logging-railways, planing-mills, sawmills, shingle-mills,
and lifmber-dealers.
No. 15. Metal Trades.—This group includes marine blacksmith-
ing, oxy-acetylene welding, boiler-making, iron and brass
foundries, garages, vulcanizing, machine and pattern shops,
galvanizing and electroplating; also manufacturers of
handsaws, nuts and bolts, pumps, marine engines, mill
machinery, and repairs to same.
No. 16. Metal-mining.— Includes all metalliferous mining.
No. 17. Miscellaneous Trades and Industries.—Were are
grouped returns from trades which are not numerous
enough to warrant special categories. They include manufacturers of soap, sails, tents, awning, brooms, paper boxes,
and tin containers ; also cold storage.
No. 18. Oil-refining.—Includes also the manufacture of fish-oil.
No. 19. Paint-manufacturing.—Includes also white-lead corro-
ders and varnish-manufacturers.
No. 20. Printing and Publishing.—This table includes the
printing and publishing of newspapers, job-printing, paper-
ruling, bookbinding, engraving and embossing, blue.-print-
ing, lithographing, draughting and map-publishing, and the
manufacture of rubber and metal stamps.
No. 21. Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.—Comprises only
firms engaged in that industry.
No. 22. Ship-building.—Comprises both wooden- and steel-ship
building and repairing, also construction and repair of small
craft, and salvage.
No. 23. Smelting.— Comprises firms engaged exclusively in that
industry.
No. 24. Street-railways, Gas, Water, Power, etc.— This group
comprises generating and distribution of light and power,
manufacture of gas, dissolved acetylene and oxygen ; also
includes gasoline lighting and heating devices, and supply
of water to municipalities.
No. 25. Wood, Manufacture of (not elsewhere specified).—Here
are grouped manufacturers of sash and doors, interior finish,
water-proof ply-wood, veneer, store and office fittings,
barrels, boxes, ships' knees, ready-cut buildings, wooden
pipes and tanks, wooden pulleys, wooden toys, caskets,
coffins, and undertakers' supplies.
Table No.  1.
BREWERIES, DISTILLERS, AND AERATED
WATER MANUFACTURERS.
Returns covering 37 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $202,322.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    122,471.70
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    551,426.58
Total $894,220.28
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
April	
May	
374
368
337
367
385
407
135
80
50
61
85
115
July	
September .
October	
November..
December...
418
406
395
438
439
432
128
52
60
165
208
176
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
294
145
12
2
2
4
13
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
9
2
7.00 to     7.99...
1
2
4
5
1
8
8 00 to     8.99...
5
11.00 to   11.99
12 00 to   12.99...
76
3
61
22
17
2
11
3
4
13 00 to   13.99...
14
14 00 to   14 99...
22
3
5
6
23
8
10
10
22
2
IS
17
11
10
24
I'D
74
34
5
6
4
4
5
3
6
15.00 to   16.99...
16.00 to   16.99...
8
17.00 to   17.99...
18.00 to   18.99..
1
20.00 to   20.99  ..
21.00 to   21.99...
22.00 to   22.99.   .
6
1
24.00 to   24.99.
5
25.00 to   25.99...
26.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   2?.99.
28.00 to   28.99.   .
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35 00 to   39.99..
6
40.00 to   44.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
Females.
153
40
21 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 29
Table No. 2.
BUILDERS' MATERIAL—PRODUCERS OF.
Returns covering 81 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $263,914.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       134,504.01
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,319,556.01
Total $1,717,974.02
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January..
February
March
April	
May	
June	
Males.
Females.
1,038
1,035
1,114
1,121
1,049
1,008
July	
August.   ..
September .
October.
November..
December...
1,014
1,080
933
903
851
790
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
2S.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00..
to   $6.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
to 28.99.
to 29.99.
to 34.99.
to 39.99.
to 44.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
Males.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
1
13
15
6
58
37
47
72
69
38
166
103
54
172
58
42
34
27
12
121
54
42
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France        	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States....
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, P'inland, etc..
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated 	
Males.       Females.
552
446
15
4
75
12
29
82
7
7
149
' 12'
Table No. 3.
CIGAR AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 9 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $8,330.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  3,520.50
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  14,539.25
Total  $26,389.75
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.    Females.
January.
February
March...
April....
May	
June
14
13
13
10
10
13
July	
August	
September .
October 	
November..
December .,
29
36
24
24
24
22
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14 00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00...
to $6.9
to 7.9
to 8.9
to 9.9
to 10.9
to 11.9
to 12.9
to 13.9
to 14.9
to 15.9
to 16.9
to 17.9
to 18.9
to 19.
to 20.
to 21.
to 22.
to 23.
to 24.
to 25.
to 26.
to 27
to 28
to 29
to 34.
99.
to 39.
to 44.
to 49.
and ov
99..
99..
99 .
99..
99..
er ..
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy.
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finlmd, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
17
4 E 30
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 4.
COAL-MINING.
Returns covering 25 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $245,126.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       191,032.76
Wages-earners (including piece-workers) :    4,235,660.76
Total $4,671,819.62
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
4,118
3,864
3,901
3,697
3,330
3,335
3
3
3
3
3
3
July	
September .
November...
December...
3,324
3,445
3,555
3,632
3,780
3,852
3
3
3
3
3
3
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females,
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
&over.
Under
18 Yrs.
$6.00 to   $6.99...
7.00 to     7.99.
5
1
8.00 to     8.99.
9 00 to     9.99.
5
14
8
38
15
19
7
14
21
9
10.00 to   10.99.
5
14
36
48
78
74
89
39
76
70
67
86
48
168
412
252
176
279
67
198
1,129
270
234
80
18
12.00to   12.99...
2
14 00 to   14.99...
15.00to   15.99...
•7
16 00 to   16 99...
1
17.00 to   17.99.
18.00 to   18.99...
1
19 00 to   19 99.
21 00 to   21.99.
11
2
22.00 to   22.99...
24.00 to   24 99.
21
3
1
6
2
26 00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27 99...
29.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99.
1
35.00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan ■	
Japan   	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
728
1,982
47
12
30
6
351
101
386
75
222
36
202
35
71
Females.
Table No. 5.
COAST SHIPPING.
Returns covering 107 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $673,383.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       508,801.88
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)..'    5,720,645.02
Total $6,902,829.90
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Mouth.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
May	
June	
3,754
3,860
3,844
3,884
3,909
4,144
26
2 J
29
26
28
42
September..
November..
December ..
4,098
4,084
3,723
3,566
3,638
3,489
46
52
41
2S
30
30
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
7.00 to    7.99..
18
2
2
73
5
11
22
29
54
110
241
174
38
56
291
248
269
201
187
118
30
55
224
574
277
804
118
178
1
1
5
10 00 to   10 99..
2
1
12.00 to   12 99..
1
2
69
24
5
•      3
13.00 to   13.99
14 00 to   14 99..
15.00 to   15.99..
17.00 to   17.99..
18 00 to   18.99
2
1
5
29
19.00 to   19.99
20.00 to   20.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
3
5
1
24.00 to   24.99  .
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99
40.00 to   44.99
45.00 to   49.99  .
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy..
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries   	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
1,490
1,552
43
17
3
10
32
11
3
105
4
4
295
58
895
24
26
2 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 31
Table No. 6.
CONTRACTING.
Returns covering 988 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $1,444,519.88
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,314,456.03
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    9,775,958.81
Total $12,534,934.72
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females
January .
February
March...
April....
May	
June ....
7,909
8,083
8,517
8,710
9,099
9,661
12
12
12
13
15
15
July	
August
September
October ...
November.
December..
9,325
8,892
8,104
7,995
7.4S8
6,862
14
14
14
12
12
11
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
- For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28 99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
Males.
21 Yrs.
& over.
8
85
19
312
79
871
101
266
520
442
547
1,177
1,452
2,014
519
599
459
197
278
1,019
811
1,143
315
569
Under
21 ¥rs.
21
33
13
20
27
22
31
22
12
12
32
12
15
8
6
17
5
11
3
9
3
1
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
10
19
15
11
18
18
12
16
8
9
14
3
3
2
3
5
1
3
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France   	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States 	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc..
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
5,473
5,784
202
14
21
60
321
102
129
778
136
57
19
1
105
1,182
Table No. 7.
EXPLOSIVES, CHEMICALS, ETC.
Returns covering 10 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $48,634.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     59,415.95
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  158,361.19
Total $266,411.14
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.   Females.
January..
February.
March
April	
May	
June	
148
143
146
140
136
148
Month.       Males.    Females.
July	
August....
September.
October....
November .
December .
133
129
126
133
123
118
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
60.00
$6.00.
to   $6.
to     7.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
15
10
9
2
12
8
8
5
7
8
22
7
6
2
2
Under
21 Yrs.
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium    ......
France	
Italy..
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland   	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.        Females. E 32
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 8.
FOOD PRODUCTS—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 466 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $1,419,073.71
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,832,575.66
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    6,173,727.30
Total $9,425,376.67
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February....
March	
3,663
3,539
3,496
3,778
4,206
5,394
907
902
884
891
1,114
1,753
July	
September .
October ....
November..
December ..
6,163
6,383
5,259
5,156
4,456
3,860
2,609
3,396
2,973
2,132
1,380
June	
1,036
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
60.00
$6.00 .
to   $6.
7.99.
8.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
to 20.99.
to   21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
21 Yrs.
& over.
5
16
9
213
84
186
262
185
432
362
221
418
379
631
345
317
242
413
446
251
198
146
170
742
307
154
93
142
Under
21 Yrs.
10
24
9
52
38
38
46
71
31
34
46
28
17
42
9
16
11
16
8
5
5
6
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
36
228
221
236
122
75
179
300
209
469
338
214
89
256
88
62
63
46
44
45
33
20
19
18
10
35
11
5
Under
18 Yrs.
11
13
27
17
26
78
25
44
9
31
5
11
5
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   ....
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States ...
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated   	
Males.
3,357
2,246
93
7
9
6
59
128
136
458
56
92
931
12
764
34
90
Apprentices.
Females.
2,524
753
55
2
3
18
61
113
22
75
41
11
6
230
5
Table No. 9
GARMENT-MAKING.
Returns covering 64 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $132,156.40
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc        87,785.2S
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)       497,224.54
Total     $717,166.22
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January...
February ..
March	
April	
May	
June	
180
185
184
183
187
181
392
427
450
451
471
443
July	
August	
September
October ...
November.
December .
160
168
176
199
178
182
409
402
426
447
406
380
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to   $6.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
1
6
31
3
13
14
22
7
10
5
8
3
2
8
5
9
6
4
18
8
19
3
1
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
&over.
4
9
93
63
34
20
28
13
20
2
15
3
2
10
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium   	
France 	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China    	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.      Females.
72
65
4
1
1
1
5
3
13
11
268
187
13
1
3
1
6
1
9
18
1
3 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 33
Table No.  10.
HOUSE FURNISHINGS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 49 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $225,421.07
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    117,992.38
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   480,075.47
Total $823,488.92
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
531
543
545
486
491
489
94
96
94
94
July	
August...
September.
October   ..
November,
December.
491
499
521
523
518
475
87
91
92
88
86
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11 00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00	
$6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
21 Yrs.
& over.
2
3
1
5
17
20
5
43
12
28
15
23
27
11
20
9
30
10
13
6
5
11
58
22
10
Under
21 Yrs.
2
3
19
4
8
10
37
7
14
12
7
1
5
18 Yrs.
&over.
4
2
9
5
17
5
8
12
7
3
7
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan  	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
357
167
9
2
8
1
4
13
2
27
21
5
66
34
Table No. 11.
JEWELLERY—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 8 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers. $22,394.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc   80,4o3.41
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   91,916.96
Total $194,744.3
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January.. ..
February...
April	
May	
June	
56
56
55
54
54
54
2
2
2
2
2
2
July 	
August	
September..
November..
December...
51
54
64
54
54
54
2
2
2
2
2
2
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under$6.00	
2
7.00 to     7.99..
8.00 to     8.99
1
9 00 to     9.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
12.00 to   12 99..
1
1
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
1
1
I
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00 to   17.99..
3
18.00 to   18 99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
1
24.00 to   24.99..
2
3
2
3
4
4
13
6
4
3
1
25.00 to   25.99 .
26.00 to   26.99..
87.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00to   49.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
26
23
1
1
Italy	
3
1
3 E 34
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No.  12.
LAUNDRIES, CLEANING AND  DYEING.
Returns covering 82 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $163,514.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      247,214.41
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   1,151,438.80
Total     $1,562,167.21
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March. .
April..  .
May	
June
Males.    Females.        Month.        Males.   Females.
522
534
535
542
554
548
987
1,018
1,018
1,027
1,049
1,028
July	
August ...
September.
October ...
November.
December .
544
540
544
544
532
497
1,031
1,018
931
960
929
939
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18 00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00	
$6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
to 27.99.
to 28.99.
to 29.99.
to 34.99.
to 39.99.
to 44.99.
to 49.99.
and over .
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
2
4
4
3
1
5
2
2
3
5
21
16
6
8
10
45
26
25
13
25
63
23
32
18
7
81
36
9
3
2
4
"i"
i
2
2
10
5
5
6
3
3
3
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
1
5
3
10
39
41
102
350
191
117
62
22
37
5
12
5
6
1
3
4
2
3
4
11
8
4
5
11
6
3
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium    	
France	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China    	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
243
285
18
23
ii'
Appren.
tices.
4
10
5
2
3
Females.
545
341
18
1
4
9
3
29
12
1
2
Table No. 13.
LEATHER AND FUR GOODS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 49 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers, $ 76,220.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     56,893.91
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 254,201.05
Total $387,314.86
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
March	
April	
May	
June	
208
197
197
193
192
198
63
65
58
64
68
70
July	
August	
September..
October ....
November..
December ..
200
200
207
208
206
200
78
77
80
90
87
76
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
■& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to  $6.99..
2
5
3
2
1
1
3
3
2
"Y"
4
7.00 to    7.99..
3
8.00 to     8.99  .
9.00 to     9.99..
2
2
4
3
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
1
2
4
2
13
1
6
8
5
13
11
10
8
10
16
3
6
17
7
16
11
10
3
3
4
12.00 to   12.99..
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   16.99..
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00 to   17 99..
10
5
4
13
6
3
16
4
7
1
3
4
1
1
1
2
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
1
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99 .
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
2
1
1
1
26.00 to   26.99 .
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34 99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99  .
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
91
92
8
66
33
1
8
6
6
2
11
8
3
Italy	
1
States	
inland, etc.
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, i
2
2
3 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.                                          E 35
Table No. 14.
LUMBER INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 712 Firms.
Table No. 15.
METAL TRADES.
Returns covering 690 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 10,939,643.06
Total $12,904,025.88
Salary and Wage Paymei
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers.
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)
its, 1931.
 $1,
54,919.44
102,869.13
J41.712.97
  1,
  3.
Total
399,501.54
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Male
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
March	
Mav	
9,841
10,901
12,21:
13,26!
13.90S
13,29"
6
6
7
6
6
5
July	
August....
September.
October...
November.
December..
11,099
10,867
10,572
9,126
8,861
8,586
6
7
7
6
7
7
January ....
February...
March	
May	
3,390          72
3,436           74
3,633           75
3,585           72
3,571           66
3,536           77
July	
August	
September .
October 	
November ..
December...
3,488
3,388
3,316
3,157
3,068
3,014
74
62
54
65
56
47
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage^arners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00
2
8
19
7
IS
23
31
72
22
28
70
64
15
11
10
2
4
1
1
Under $6.00
$6.00 to  $6
7.00 to     1
9
32
36
41
34
43
38
63
33
30
53
22
16
8
6
12
5
8
1
2
2
12
25
11
25
16
20
16
27
9
3
11
9
9
2
2
1
$6.00 to   86
99...
29
49
47
114
170
385
661
487
991
1,440
1,166
900
1,231
1,248
623
1,090
466
305
1,241
431
212
399
338
160
1,055
493
199
119
150
99..
7.00 to     7.99...
8.00 to     8.99...
9.00 to     9.99.
10.00 to   10.99...
11.00 to   11.99...
12.00 to   12.99...
13.00 to   13.99...
14.00 to   14.99...
15.00to   15.99...
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99...
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99  ..
20.00 to   20.99...
21.00 to   21.99...
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99...
25.00 to   25.99...
2K.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to  27.99...
28.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99...
35.00 to   39.99....
40.00to   41.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
50.00 and over ...
99  .
7
24
15
56
14
50
109
68
80
117
106
158
111
229
•75
238
211
91
134
78
83
602
410
151
73
90
2
1
"T
" T"
1
8.00 to     8.99
9.00 to     9.99 .
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
12.00 to   12.99 .
13.00 to   13.99
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 10   15.99..
16.00 to   16.99  .
17.00 to   17 99..
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99
25.00 to   25.99..
26 00 to   26.99   .
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99 .
45.00 to   49.99..
50.00 and over ..
1
5
25
7
17
7
7
1
1
2
2
1
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
6,460
2,228
623
15
36
82
136
339
371
2,624
583
121
1,084
434
1,220
10
334
7
"'2'
Canada and Newfoundland
2,307
1,353
96
6
11
9
33
27
5
66
20
11
1
7
14
62
13
Australasia
Italv         	
Italv .       	
Germany and Austr
Central European a
Norway, Sweden, D
Germany and Aust
Central European f
Norway, Sweden, 1
Russia and Poland
Other European co
id Balkan States	
nmark, Finland, etc..
ind Balkan States	
>enmark, Finland, etc.
Other European cou
Japan	
All other countries
Nationality not sta
Nationality not Stat
ed	
ted	
278
• E 36
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table Nu.  10.
METAL-MINING.
Returns covering 158 Firms.
Table No.  17.
MISCELLANEOUS TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 162 Firms.
Salary and Wage Pa)
Officers, Superintendents, and Manage
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc
Wage-earners (including piece-worker.
ments, 1931.
rs        $3
)5,517.00
>9,S46.21
37,941.75
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
)	
5
4,1
Total  	
$5,103,304.96
Total   $2,762,949.55
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males
.    Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February ....
March	
May	
June	
2,96C
2,952
2,95£
2,92:
2,94"
2,932
15
15
16
16
16
15
Julj
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
2,947
2,902
2,892
2,863
2,693
2,616
16
17
16
16
16
16
January....
February...
May	
June	
1.10E
1,077
1,101
1,176
1,26c
1,278
249
262
252
253
257
260
Jul.
Auj.
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
1,320
1,531
1,806
1,167
1,143
1,110
260
ust	
member..
>ber    ...
ember...
amber...
ust	
.ember..
sber   .. .
ember..
ember ..
478
589
263
263
266
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
21 Yrs.
&over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00
$6.00 to   $6
7.00 to     7
8.00 to     8
9.00 to     9
9
18
3
21
12
20
15
23
10
16
16
14
3
3
5
9
1
$6.00 to  $8.99
1
2
99
99..
86
36
28
32
22
28
28
19
164
38
29
17
11
14
7
3
5
o
2
4
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
10
2
9 00 to    9.99    .
1
99..
99..
1
3
4
5
26
16
25
171
43
43
59
76
107
92
130
39
212
65
29
56
33
19
129
60
31
7
12
2
10 00 to   10 '
11.00 to   11.
12.00 to   12.
)9...
10.00 to   10.99
11.00 to   11.99
12.00 to   12.99..
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99  .
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.9!/..
17.00 to   17.99 .
18.00 to   18.99  .
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to  20.99..
21.00to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99  .
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
60.00 and over ..
4
19.
(9. ..
8
1
2
28
31
33
9
43
12
43
245
39
221
368
129
63
781
283
785
554
177
49
39
6
1
1
2
5
2
13.00 to   13.99...
3
14.00 to   14.99...
2
1
1
2
3
18 00 to   18 99...
8
i
2
3
1
1
23 00 to   23.99...
1
1
1
1
-
25.00 to   25.99...
2
1
27.00 to   27.99...
1
28.00 to   28.99...
3
1
29.00 to   29.99.
1
30.00 to   34.99...
2
35.00 to   39.99...
40 00 to   44 99...
1
1
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Canada and Newfou
Great Britain and Ir
United States of An
1,195
1,072
177
15
5
13
166
64
351
693
90
43
41
9
7
Canada and Newfoundland -.	
749
563
37
4
4
7
14
17
3
74
11
10
31
3
11
179
United States of Ai
3
Italv	
Italv 	
Germany and Austr
Germany and Aust
Russia and Poland
Other European cou
1
Russia and Poland
Other European co
58
1
10
All other countries
All other countries
ed	
89
ted	 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 37
Table No. 18.
OIL-REFINING.
Returns covering 12 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $118,525.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       345,742.25
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)       619,478.55
Total    $1,083,745.80
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February ...
414
377
363
284
360
448
July	
August	
September..
November ..
December...
516
543
542
461
420
384
April	
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to   $6.
to     7.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
2K.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
21 Yrs.     Under
&over.     21 Yrs.
2
3
20
7
1
4
"io'
8
64
60
13
23
17
141
81
102
51
16
30
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany and Austria   	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country    	
China	
Hindustan   	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated     	
260
222
17
2
27
25
84
42
3
Table No.  19.
PAINT-MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 8 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers   $57,542.25
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     62,662.12
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     97,315.62
Total  $217,519.99
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.    Females.
January.
February
March .
April.  .,
May	
June
12
12
13
15
15
18
Month.        Males.    Females.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
15
15
14
13
13
13
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 	
to $6.99..
7.99..
8.99..
9.99..
10 99..
11.99..
12.99..
13.99..
14.99..
15.99..
16.99..
17.99.
18.99..
19.99..
20.99..
21.99..
22.99..
23.99..
24.99..
25.99..
26.99 .
27.99 .
28.99..
29.99..
34.99.
39.99..
44.99..
49
and over .
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
11
4
1
1
1
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland .
Great Britain and Ireland ..
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy.
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries   	
Nationality not stated	
Males.        Females.
62
39
1
10
7 E 38
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 20.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.
Returns covering 130 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $546,556.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  1,032,873.77
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)      1,845,888.10
Total $3,425,317.87
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February
March. .
April
May	
June	
1,029
1,036
1,023
1,028
1,035
1,003
140
136
137
132
134
131
July	
August.
September
October...
November
December.
1,002
992
995
999
1,009
1,010
133
126
129
133
13J
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10 00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20 00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28 00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45 00
60.00
$6.00	
to $6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
to 16.99.
to   17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99
and over.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
1
1
5
1
8
11
3
14
5
4
15
6
21
6
15
31
7
8
11
8
42
54
54
264
213
7
9
8
16
7
11
4
2
10
3
1
1
18 Yrs.     Under
k over.    18 Yrs.
2
7
6
5
12
1
11
17
2
5
6
18
1
1
2
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland.
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium .
France...
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
Males.      Females.
290
367
30
4
11
2
2
3
113
33
3
Table No. 21.
PULP AND PAPER—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 15 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $382,565.20
Clerks, Stenographers. Salesmen, etc      634,265.73
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  3,686,075.21
Total  $4,702,906.14
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.    Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January..
February
March ...
April
May	
June
2.861
3,199
3,192
2,651
2,423
2,382
58
62
61
61
60
64
July	
August...
September
October..
November
December.
2,366
2,514
2,442
2,444
2,395
2,342
64
65
65
54
62
68
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.99
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99
17.99
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99
23.99.
24.99
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over..
21 Yrs.
& over.
3
1
161
17
122
129
61
148
24
109
52
488
225
296
107
55
89
34
193
354
84
34
65
Under
21 Yrs.
86
23
18
4
1
18 Yrs.
& over.
1
14
8
23
4
1
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France ....	
Italy	
Germany and Austria    	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
4
4
6
133
15
56
123
26
11
55
63
12
I REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 39
Table No.  22.
SHIP-BUILDING.
Returns covering 41 Firms.
Table No.
ii.
SMELTING
Returns covering
2 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Total $1,244,179.26
Salary and Wage Pay
Officers, Superintendents, and Manag
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc
Wage-earners (including piece-workei
Total   .
ments, 1931.
69,475.00
98,863.91
51,690.80
20,029.71
s)    4,i
 $5/
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
804
962
1,136
983
870
674
July	
September..
October.   ,.
November ..
December...
551
667
662
613
593
561
January....
February...
March..
April	
May	
June	
3,518
3,610
3,706
3,673
3,515
3,4lt
Julv 	
3,338
3,269
3,209
3,177
3,193
3,200
September..
October	
November ..
December...
April	
May	
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
Under $6.00
$6.00 to  $6
7.00to    7
8.00 to    8
9.00 to     9
10.00 to  10
11.00 to   11
12.00 to   12
13.00 to   13
14.00 to   14
15.00 to   15
16.00 to   16
17.00 to   17
$6.00 to   $6.
7.00 to     7.
8.00 to     8.
9.00 to     9.
3
3
3
1
11
2
1
2
99
19...
99  .
19...
4
1
6
2
1
3
99..
.99..
19...
2
1
3
1
6
9
9
13
9
10
11
13
11
329
8
51
5
2
108
55
55
198
378
45
8
8
10.00 to   10.99...
99..
20
11.00 to   11.99...
99..
12.00 to   12.99...
99 .
13.00 to   13.99...
99..
14.00 to   14.99...
99..
15.00 to   15.99...
9
5
5
1
4
3
2
1
6
2
99..
15
16.00to   16.99...
99..
17.00 to   17.99...
99.
1
18.00 to   18.99...
99
2
19.00 to   19.99...
19.00 to    19 99
1
20.00 to   20.99...
20.00 to   20
21 onto  21
.99..
9
21.00 to   21.99...
.99
288
171
141
243
237
334
154
301
229
227
843
287
82
14
2
22.00 to   22.99...
1
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
50.00 and over ..
1
23.00 to   23.99...
12
24.00 to   24.99...
25.00 to   25.99...
13
2
27 00 to   27.99...
2
2
28.00 to   28.99.
1
29.00 to  29.99.  .
30.00 to   34.99...
35.00 to   39.99...
40 00 to   44 99.   .
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
. Males.
Females.
599
682
38
5
5
6
9
4
Canada and Newfoundland
918
1,613
90
4
11
8
597
92
146
242
63
Great Britain and Ii
United States of An
Italv .   	
Italv	
Germany and Austr
Central European a
Norway, Sweden, D
Russia and Poland
Other European cou
Germany and Ansi
Central European
Norway, Sweden,
Russia and Poland
and Balkan States	
Denmark, Finland, etc.
enmark, Finland,
etc..
63
3
50
34
9
All other countries.
Nationality not stat
All other countrie
Nationality not sta
ed	 E 40
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 24.
STREET RAILWAYS, GAS, WATER, LIGHT,
POWER, TELEPHONES, ETC.
Returns covering 96 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $758,436.88
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     1,724,254.48
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     8,050,069.90
Total $10,532,761.26
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February.
March....
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
4,447
4,557
4,481
4,553
4,595
4,635
1,594
1,567
1,560
1,576
1,618
1,612
Month.        Males.    Females.
July	
August	
September..
October 	
November ..
December...
4,838
4,757
4,576
4,441
4,016
3,772
1,634
1,639
1,573
1,531
1,519
1,520
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17 00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to   $6.99.
to     7.99.
to     8.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
to 17.99.
to 18.99.
to   19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99..
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
44.99.
49.99.
Males.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
4
4
4
13
1
7
,    250
10
44
128
15
484
357
144
434
55
131
184
262
170
1,607
442
370
65
68
1
1
ie'
l
l
12
2
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
18
5
362
316
91
209
100
401
37
77
9
Apprentices.
19
3
7
1
2
4
5
6
3
2
17
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America 	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland    	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
2,183
2,730
188
16
1
15
128
73
106
328
77
15
Females.
1,341
472
75
2
Table No. 25.
WOOD—MANUFACTURE OF  (N.E.S.).
Returns covering 86 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1931.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $270,534.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      128,731.77
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   1,175,622.36
Total   $1,574,888.13
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.    Females,        Month.       Males.   Females,
January.
February
March. ..
April....
May	
June
1,133
1,167
1,195
1,261
1,367
1,411
53
38
61
49
110
112
July	
August....
September
October ...
November..
December .
1,392
1,326
1,183
1,082
1,004
974
110
68
42
36
31
36
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employmentof
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29 00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to   $6.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99
21.99.
to 22.99.
to   23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
1
1
9
11
16
5
68
78
92
66
115
90
113
66
70
32
84
60
25
112
67
42
35
5
12
35
32
30
18
20
46
14
24
15
5
5
8
7
2
5
11
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
3
3
5
37
2
4
2
2
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland 	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany and Austria    	
Central European and Balkan States	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
1,028
407
44
2
1
5
24
25
10
99
26
64
38
1
22
10
Apprentices.
18
8
14
3
1
1 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 41
SUMMARY OF ALL TABLES.
Returns covering 4,08S Firms.
Total Salary and Wage Payments during Twelve Months ended
December 31st, 1931.
Officers,  Superintendents, and Managers   $11,135,711.82
Clerks,  Stenographers,  Salesmen, etc     12,950,859.47
Wage-earners  (Including piece-workers)  72,209,990.48
 $96,296,567.77
Eeturns received too late to be included in above Summary  $1,704,194.80
Estimated   pay-roll   of   employers   in   occupations   covered   by   Department's
inquiry, and from whom returns were not received  1,550,000.00
Transcontinental  Railways     11,890,246.11
Dominion and Provincial  Government workers :  5,500,000.00
Wholesale and Retail Firms  2,850,000.00
Delivery,    Cartage   and   Teaming,    Warehousing,    Butchers,    Moving-picture
Operators, Coal and Wood Yards, and Auto Transportation  3,400,000.00
Ocean Services and Express Companies  7,500,000.00
Miscellaneous -     1,250,000.00
      35,644,440.91
Total   - - - $131,941,008.68
Average  Number of Wage-earners.
During the Month of
January...
February .
March..  ..
April	
May	
June	
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.
099
787
878
641
061
690
,903
762
,906
981
745
485
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium..	
France   	
Italy	
Germany and Austria	
Central European and Balkan States....
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc
Russia and Poland	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
29,328
25,8'i8
1,885
132
152
252
2,110
1,088
1,766
5,976
1,423
487
2,988
492
2,759
181
3,006
Females.
4,820
4,798
4,798
4,825
6,219
5,858
6,710
7,580
7,151
6,038
5,249
4,847
Females.
5,533
2,096
200
5
8
24
70
132
26
138
93
18
14
236
5
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only.)
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00..:.
to   $6.99.
7.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
to 21.99.
to 22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and over
Totals.
Males.
Females.
Appren
21 Yrs.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under
tices.
& over.
21 Yrs.
& over.
18 Yrs.
3
88
39
17
29
35
170
317
21
65
81
158
271
25
51
79
208
275
52
71
147
204
172
44
60
526
234
156
50
113
550
265
357
38
74
1,174
406
503
(.9
85
953
174
724
49
41
1,973
172
1,054
56
24
2,675
366
1,006
24
57
3,322
206
694
31
24
1,989
110
289
9
23
2,757
123
585
13
12
2,998
91
238
7
13
2,447
64
658
7
24
3,815
85
121
2
9
4,067
69
179
8
3,518
105
76
16
6,334
87
68
4
9
3,404
38
60
25
2,363
12
25
9
2,280
15
36
1
13
2,606
8
22
5
2,250
1
13
5
8,913
15
45
20
5,604
1
17
20
3,933
1,404
7
2
1,682
73,877
3,475
7,909
546
905 E 42
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
" HOURS OF WORK ACT."
During the past year the Board of Adjustment administering this Act was changed owing
to the retirement from the Civil Service of the Chairman, J. D. MeNiven.
The Board as now constituted consists of Adam Bell, Chairman; Robert Morrison and
Norman de W. Lyons, members.
Considerable inspection-work has been done during the past year, and a perusal of the
table showing the average weekly hours by industries discloses that the forty-eight-hour week
in this Province is on a sound footing; only in those industries not coming within the scope
of this legislation, or those having been granted special exemption because of climatic or other
considerations, do the hours exceed forty-eight in the week.
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS DECREASE.
The average weekly hours, as calculated for the 4,088 firms reporting, decreased during the
past year to 47.37 hours;   the average being 48.62 in 1930, 48.25 in 1929.
As further evidence that this legislation is being observed, calculations show that 83.77
per cent, of all employees reported were working forty-eight hours or less per week; 6.79 per
cent, were working between eight, but not more than nine, hours per day; and 9.44 per cent,
were working in excess of nine hours per day.
It should be stated that the 9.44 per cent, of all employees are working in industries which
do not come within the scope of the Act, while the 6.79 per cent, cover such operations as
smelting, pulp and paper, metal-mining, where employees, because of some phase of the operations necessitating continuous process, are allowed under section 7 of the Act to operate seven
days per week.
The following table shows the trend of average weekly hours in all industries covered in
this report for the past five years:—
AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS OF WORK, BY INDUSTRIES.
Industry.
1927.
1928.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Breweries	
Builders' materials, etc	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping.	
Contracting	
Explosives, chemicals, etc	
Food products, manufacture of	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Jewellery, manufacture of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Leather and fur goods, manufacture of	
Lumber industries—
Logging	
Logging-railways	
Lumber-dealers	
Planing-mills	
Sawmills	
Shingle-mills	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacturing -	
Printing and publishing "	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, etc	
Wood-manufacture (not elsewhere specified)
45.60
46.94
44.48
48.02
52.48
44.97
45.85
50.65
46.38
45.52
44.25
46.28
46.77
48.63
49.08
45.88
49.81
49.63
48.84
45.51
52.26
47.20
54.35
44.51
45.51
48.46
45.13
52.94
45.90
46.42
48.22
47.55
46.58
48.02
53.05
44.83
45.32
51.75
44.54
45.30
44.75
46.42
46.62
48.40
49.16
46.70
49.29
49.03
47.97
45.42
53.93
47.64
54.16
44.44
45.42
48.24
44.45
53.07
45.69
46.77
46.77
46.96
44.40
48.03
51.05
45.16
46.04
51.01
44.87
45.53
44.24
46.62
46.70
47.31
48.61
47.63
49.14
49.12
47.86
45.87
53.96
46.10
51.61
45.00
45.44
48.35
44.15
52.72
44.61
47.03
47.18
47.00
45.00
4S.03
53.94
45.16
45.30
52.23
44.08
45.25
44.07
46.06
46.67
48.44
50.09
47.59
48.68
48.95
47.84
45.88
52.29
47.32
54.61
44.40
45.52
48.32
44.35
52.01
46.25
45.92
46.98
45.64
44.82
46.75
53.69
44.08
44.80
48.84
44.53
44.29
43.00
45.93
46.07
48.46
49.13
47.65
47.33
47.39
47.52
45.85
51.46
48.89
50.47
44.33
45.29
48.11
44.13
52.04
44.85
45.20 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 43
MALE MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Owing to the retirement from the Civil Service of Mr. J. D. MeNiven, Chairman of the
Male Minimum Wage Board, a change in the personnel of the Board became necessary, and on
June 15th, 1931, Adam Bell was appointed Chairman of the Board, and Norman de W. Lyons
a member, the full Board administering the Act now being: Adam Bell, Chairman; George H.
Cowan, K.C., Vancouver, member; Norman de W. Lyons, Victoria, member.
Due to prevailing conditions, the activities of the Board have been confined to dealing with
two   applications   and   the   enforcement   of   the   existing   Order   covering   "Statutory   Steam
Engineers," and although this Order was published in our report for the year ending December '
31st, 1929, it is again given for the benefit of all concerned:—
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" Male Minimum Wage Act."
Order establishing a Minimum Wage in the Occupation of Stationary Steam Engineers.
Pursuant to the provisions of the " Male Minimum Wage Act, 1929," the Board constituted
under the Act, having made due inquiry, and Mr. Cowan having filed his written reasons, hereby
orders:—■
1. That where used in this Order the expression " stationary steam engineer" means every
employee engaged in the occupation cf producing steam in a steam plant under the authority of a
certificate of competency, as defined by section 53 (1) of the "Boiler Inspection Act," or who is in
charge of, or responsible for, any steam boiler or engine while under steam-pressure or in motion;
and the expression " special engineer " means every such employee acting under the authority of a
special certificate or a temporary certificate, as defined by the said section 53 (1) of the "Boiler
Inspection Act."
2. (1.) That, subject to the provisions of section 6 of the Act, the minimum wage for every
such stationary engineer shall be fifty cents (50c.)  per hour.
(2.) That, subject to the provisions of said section 6 of the Act, the minimum wage for every
such special engineer shall be forty cents  (40c.) per hour.
Dated at Victoria, B.C., this 22nd day of January, 1930.
J. D. McNrvEN, Chairman,
Geo. H. Cowan,
Adam Bell,
Members of the Male Minimum Wage Board.
(This Order applies only to male employees over the age of twenty-one years and became effective
March 2nd, 1930.)
WINDOW-CLEANERS.
An application signed by eleven window-cleaners in the City of Victoria was received by the
Board on March 7th, 1931. Several of those who signed the application were interviewed by
the Board, and from information gathered it was found that only the window-cleaners in the
City of Victoria were desirous at the present time that a minimum wage should be set. The
Board therefore decided that the " Male Minimum Wage Act" did not empower them to fix a
minimum wage in one locality, unless the same order was applicable throughout the whole
Province.
TAXICAB-DRIVERS OF VICTORIA.
The taxicab-drivers, represented by ten signatures to a petition dated April 7th, 1931, made
application to the Board to set a minimum wage for that occupation, but after consideration had
been given to the fact that the applicants desired the rate to be fixed for Victoria only, the
Board decided that the " Male Minimum Wage Act" did not empower them to fix a minimum
wage in one locality, unless the same order was applicable throughout the entire Province.
ADMINISTRATION.
The Inspectors of the Department of Labour are used by the Board in the administration
of the Act, and during this period of unemployment the Board has been requested to collect
arrears in wages by engineers who had agreed to work for less than the rate set in the Order
covering " Stationary Steam Engineers." Instances are on file where engineers had agreed to
work for less than the minimum wage and had continued on the job until a disagreement had
taken place between employer and employee, resulting in the dismissal of the engineer, who E 44 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
then appealed to the Board to collect the difference between the amount received and the
minimum rate set forth in the Order.
While the Board is at all times ready to enforce any Order made, it is of the opinion that
where an employee agrees to work for less than the rate set by the Board, the employee has no
right to expect the Board to take action on his behalf. In cases like the one quoted the Board
keeps in close touch in order that a repetition does not occur. Employees should recognize that,
the Board having set a rate covering their occupation, it is part of their duty to assist in the
enforcement of the Order.
In adopting this stand the Board does not do away with the right of the employee to
recover arrears, this being fully covered in section 14: " If any employee is paid less than the
minimum wage to which he is entitled under this Act, the employee shall be entitled to recover
from his employer, in a civil action, the balance between the amount paid and the amount of
the minimum wage, with costs of action. But in the case of an employee whose services have
terminated, no action shall be brought by the employee under this section unless the action is
commenced within sixty days next after the termination of the services." REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 45
LABOUR DISPUTES AND CONCILIATION.
The number of working-days lost by strikes during 1931 is the highest since 1924, eleven
strikes being recorded, employees affected numbering 2,322 and the working-days lost being
79,310. Of this number, 49,715 working-days can be traced to the activities of a certain
unaffiliated union, which has been very active in the lumbering industry.
There can be no doubt that during the coming period of readjustment there will be
instances when a great amount of tolerance and understanding will be required from both
workers and their employers in order to safely bridge the gap between present conditions and
the return of normal times, but we feel confident that by following a course fair to each other
industry and its employees will rise above any small differences, and tackle the problem of
reconstruction in a manner which will react to the benefit of all concerned.
The facilities of the Department will be found ready to assist, wherever possible, in bringing any grievances, supposed or actual, to a satisfactory solution.
PILE-DRIVERS, VANCOUVER.
Employees on the construction of a bridge ceased work January 3rd, 1931, after having
made a demand that only members of the International Union of Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf,
and Dock Builders be employed.
The contractor claimed that a number of the men objected to had been in the employ of
the company for many years, and declined to displace them. These men were engaged in the
building of caissons a short distance from the bridge; the Union claimed it was the custom to
have these built by its members, the question of safety being stressed.
Efforts to bring about a settlement were made by the Department of Labour, but without
success. Within a week all the men had been replaced by members of the Pile Drivers' Local,
affiliated with the All-Canadian Congress of Labour.
WAITRESSES   (RESTAURANT),  VANCOUVER.
A dispute occurred on February 23rd in two restaurants because of a reduction in wages
below the recognized Union scale, and was called off March 16th.
The proprietor of one restaurant renewed his agreement with the Union. No settlement
was effected with the other proprietor.
TAILORS  (CUSTOM), VANCOUVER.
The employees in two establishments ceased work on April 11th owing to the employers
refusing to renew the agreement which had expired March 31st, 1931.
The employers proposed a 10-per-cent. reduction in wages, and negotiations between the
Journeymen Tailors' organization and the Merchant Tailors' Association were carried on.
Work was resumed in both establishments on April 15th, the previous agreement having
been renewed.
PAINTERS, VANCOUVER.
Painters employed by several firms ceased work on April 1st, against a proposed reduction
in wages from 90 cents an hour to 75 cents. Conferences were held between the Master
Painters' Association and the International Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators, and Paper-
hangers, and the National Union of Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of Canada. The
Master Painters offered 80 cents and the Unions declined to accept less than 85 cents per hour.
The dispute was finally terminated on May 15th, 1931, the representatives of the National
and International Unions having agreed to accept 80 cents per hour, this being a reduction from
90 cents per hour.
MASTERS, MATES, AND MARINE ENGINEERS, VANCOUVER AND VICTORIA.
A proposed reduction of 10 per cent, below the wage scale in force since 1920 caused a
cessation of work on April 21st of masters and mates in the employ of a number of firms. It
afterwards appeared that the 10-per-cent. reduction was to apply to all classes on the boats,
and on April 23rd, 1931, the marine engineers affected joined the strike.
The Canadian Merchant Service Guild (the organization of masters and mates) attempted
•to secure an agreement with the British Columbia Tow Boat Owners' Association, or with
individual owners of boats, and notified them that from April 21st their members would be on
strike against all who had not signed the agreement. E 46 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
The Deputy Minister of Labour and the British Columbia representative of the Dominion
Government Department of Labour endeavoured to bring about a settlement, but were
unsuccessful.
Toward the end of May it appeared as though a sympathetic strike of employees on
passenger and freight boats was being considered.
The British Columbia Tow Boat Owners' Association, who had previously made application
for a Board of Conciliation and Investigation under the " Industrial Disputes Investigation
Act," had, during the month of May, withdrawn their application for the appointment of a
Board.
On June 10th the result of a vote by members of the masters and mates' organization, as to
the calling of a strike on all passenger and freight boats on the Pacific Coast, in sympathy with
the masters and mates on tow-boats, was announced to be overwhelmingly in favour of such a
strike. Action was postponed, pending the arrival in Vancouver of the Minister of Labour for
the Dominion Government, and on his suggestion further negotiations were begun with a view
of settlement.
No agreement was reached and the strike was finally called off on July 10th.
It was reported that approximately one-half of the strikers had been replaced during the
dispute, the others returning to work where their positions had not already been filled, in most
cases, at a 10-per-cent. reduction in wages.
SALMON-FISHERMEN, PRINCE RUPERT.
Fishermen operating their own boats ceased work on June 1st, 1931, demanding an increase
of about 25 per cent, in the price of fish from the buyers and salmon-canneries.
The buyers stated they were unable to pay this, and on June 23rd the fishermen decided to
apply for an Arbitration Board, as provided for by the Provincial Government, regarding the
price of sockeye for the season just beginning.
Work was resumed the following day, all increases having been granted in the price of
cohoe salmon, with a reduction in the price of gasoline through a rebate.
CARPENTERS, VANCOUVER.
Negotiations were carried on during May and June between the building contractors in
Vancouver and the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, and the Amalgamated Carpenters of Canada, to consider a proposed reduction in wages. No agreement having been reached, the contractors gave notice that on June 22nd the rate per hour would be
reduced from $1 per hour to 85 cents, the date of the proposed change being subsequently
changed to July 2nd.
The Unions claimed that the contractors had not given them sixty days' notice as required
in the existing agreements, and called out workmen engaged at reduced rates on several
construction jobs.
On July 9th work was resumed, the contractors having agreed to pay the former rate of
$1 per hour, pending further negotiations.
On two buildings the  work was held up,  pending  the contractors  agreeing  to  pay  the
standard rate.
FISHERMEN, BARKLEY SOUND.
The salmon-fishing industry on the west coast was tied up from September 24th, 1931, the
Fishermen's Protective Association demanding an increase in the price per fish from 5 cents
to 10 cents.
Several meetings were held between the saltery-owners and the representatives of the men,
without result.
Finally, the Provincial Secretary called a meeting, at which the parties interested in the
dispute were present, with the result that on October 2nd, 1931, a settlement was reached, the
fishermen agreeing to accept a rate of 6 cents per fish, when the Government offered to cancel
the $50 licence on seine-nets, and the Chief Supervisor of Fisheries for the Canadian Government proposed to extend the fishing limits.    Fishing was then resumed.
SAWMILL-WORKERS, FRASER MILLS.
The most serious strike took place in one sawmill on September 16th,. 1931, the employees'
representatives having demanded a 10-per-cent. increase in wages, equal pay for married and REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 47
single employees, an increase in rate prices on shingles, time and one-half after eight hours per
day, and the recognition of the Lumber and Agricultural AVorkers' Industrial Union, with
preference employment to its members.
During the past year a number of reductions in wages had been made.
The management offered to meet a committee of its workers, but refused to negotiate with
the Union.
The Deputy Minister of Labour and the Federal Department of Labour Conciliation Officer
worked hard to bring about a settlement.
At the end of September a meeting was arranged between the management and a committee
of employees, at which a basis of settlement was agreed upon. That was subsequently refused
by the Union.
Early in October a conference of the interested parties, along with the Deputy Minister of
Labour, the Conciliation Officer for the Dominion Department of Labour, and municipal officials,
was held. Later, the mill officials offered to restore the wage-rates which were in effect prior
to July 1st, 1931, to increase the piece rate for shingles to operate only forty-eight hours per
week, to meet a committee of the employees at any time, and to show no discrimination in the
re-employment of strikers.
The governmental and municipal officials placed these terms before the strike committee,
with the suggestion that municipal officials take a ballot of the striking employees on accepting
the terms.
The Union organizer opposed this, stating that it must be dealt with at a Union meeting,
and also that the concessions were insufficient.
The mediators then suggested that the Union arrange for a ballot of the employees, and
that the other grievances should be taken up with the company officials. The strike committee
agreed, and on October 9th, at a meeting of the Union, this proposal to submit the terms offered
by the company to a vote by ballot was defeated.
At a further conference between municipal authorities and the Government officials it was
arranged that the latter should notify the employees who had been at work the day before the
strike that a ballot on the offer of the company would be taken by the Clerk of the Municipality
of Coquitlam on October 16th.    The Union advised its members to ignore the ballot.
Out of some 650 strikers, only 109 voted, of whom 104 were in favour of returning to work.
During these negotiations pickets were on duty at the mill, and a number of men were
arrested and charged with being members of an unlawful assembly and with assaulting police
officers.
In his address to the jury, Chief Justice A. Morrison pointed out that while the accused
themselves admitted being present, there was no evidence to directly connect them with acts of
violence. " The motive of British justice," said his Lordship, " is to protect individual rights.
However, the judicial system is often attacked by men who are apparently not satisfied. We
hear of capitalistic Judges and capitalistic Courts from a certain class of men who do not
realize that the whole trend of the Courts is to safeguard the interests of the public. The old
civil inquisition of trials have been done away with long ago. Private interests between the
mill company and the strikers are not involved in this case. The Court is only interested in
honest administration of justice and observance of the laws of the country."
The jury brought in a verdict of " not guilty."
Trouble arose when longshoremen arrived at the mill to load a boat. A clash between the
police and the pickets took place.
On October 16th the engineers and firemen, keeping up steam for fire protection and for
electric current for the village, were called out by the Union. The company made arrangements
to secure electric current from the British Columbia Electric Railway Company, and the chief
engineer, with some assistance, kept up steam-pressure for the pumps.
Continued negotiations were carried on by Government and municipal officers, which finally
resulted in a vote of all employees being taken on November 20th, when 406 voted in favour of
returning to work and 55 against, with 5 spoiled ballots.
Mayor A. Wells Gray and Magistrate H. G. Johnson, of New AVestminster, and Reeve R. C.
MacDonald, of Coquitlam, at the request of the strike committee, counted the votes.
The plant resumed operations on December 1st, the men having accepted the proposal of
the company. E 48
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
SAWMILL-WORKERS, BARNET.
The employees at a sawmill ceased work on September 23rd as a protest against a reduction
in wages of approximately 20 per cent., the fourth decrease since July, 1930.
The management stated that unless such reductions were made the plant would have to be
closed down owing to the low price of lumber products.
From the first the mill was picketed and everything was peaceful until October 17th, when
a foreman was molested and two pickets were arrested. One was acquitted, while the other
was fined for interfering with a police officer.
The representatives of the Provincial and Dominion Departments of Labour, working on
the Fraser Mill strike, used every effort to bring about a settlement at Barnet, but without
success, the management informing them that the mill could not operate even at lower wages
under existing conditions, and announcing that the mill would not reopen until spring, or until
such times as the market for lumber improved.
SAWMILL-WORKERS, PORT MOODY.
Due to efforts of organizers of a certain Union, the men of a certain sawmill were prevented
from going to work on October 7th.
During the afternoon a committee of the men advised the management that a meeting
would be held the following morning to decide whether they would return to work, at the same
time requesting police protection in order that they would not be interfered with by officials
of the Union responsible for the men ceasing work.
At the meeting the men voted 101 to 29 in favour of resuming work, and the mill resumed
operations without further disturbance, the company having reinstated certain employees, but
refused to recognize the Union responsible for the trouble.
SUMMARY OF LABOUR DISPUTES, 1931.
No. of
Time lost
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
Employees
in Working-
affected.
days.
Pile-drivers—
Vancouver	
Ceased work,  refusing to work with members of
Waitresses—
another Union ;   ended in favour of contractor
30
180
Vancouver	
Ceased  work,   due  to   reduction   in  wages.    One
restaurant proprietor renewed his agreement;
with the other,  no  settlement was  reached	
10
120
Tailors   (custom) —
Vancouver	
Employers  of  two   establishments  refused  to   renew   agreement,   and   tailors   and   tailoresses
ceased work April 11th.    Work resumed April
15th,   previous   agreements   having   been    re
newed.    Ended  in  favour  of  workers	
15
45
Painters—
Vancouver	
Painters  employed  by  several  firms  ceased  work
April 1st, against proposed reduction in wages.
Settled by negotiation	
48
1,500
Masters,    mates,    and    marine
engineers—
Vancouver and Victoria	
On April  21st masters and mates in the employ
of certain tow-boat operators, against proposed
reduction   of   10   per   cent.     Strike   called   off.
Men  returned to work at proposed reduction.
Ended in favour of tow-boat owners	
281
18,900
Salmon-fishermen—■
the price of fish.     The buyers refused the in
crease, and the fishermen decided to apply for
an   Arbitration   Board.    On   June   24th   work
was resumed, an increase having been granted
in  the price of fish, with a reduction  in the
price of gasoline through a rebate	
300
6,000
684
26,745 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 49
SUMMARY OF LABOUR DISPUTES, 1931—Continued.
No. of
Time lost
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
Employees
in Working-
affected.
days.
Brought forward	
684
26,745
Carpenters—
Vancouver	
On July 2nd carpenters ceased work because of a
proposed  reduction  from  $1   per  hour  to   85
cents.    On  July  9th  work  was  resumed,  the
contractors having agreed  to  pay  the former
.
rate, pending further negotiations	
35
150
Salmon-fishermen—■
Barkley   Sound	
A strike of fishermen took place September 24th,
the  fishermen  demanding  an  increase  in  the
price per fish from 5 cents to 10 cents.    Men
returned to work October 2nd;   price advanced
to 6 cents per fish	
450
2,700
Sawmills—
Fraser  Mills      	
Strike   occurred   September   16th,   employees   demanding 10 per cent, increase in wages, equal
pay  for married and  single  men,  an  increase
in piece rates on  shingles, time and one-half
for   overtime,   and   recognition   of   the   Union.
Management   of   the   mill   offered   to   restore
wage-rates in effect prior to July 1st, increase
piece rates on  shingles,  operate a forty-eight-
hour  week,  meet   committee  of  employees  at
any time, and show no discrimination in the
re-employment of strikers.    On November 20th
the men voted to accept the offer of the man
agement.    Work resumed December 1st	
650
35,000
Barnet	
As a protest against a reduction of approximately
20 per cent, in wages the men ceased work on
September   23rd.    The   management   informed
the strikers the plant could not operate unless
the reduction was put in effect, and later ad
vised the mill would not reopen until spring....
360
14,500
Port Moody	
Due to efforts of a certain Union, this plant was
shut  down  for about one  and one-half  days,
the men, under police protection, voting over
whelmingly7 to return to work	
143
215
Totals	
2,322
79,310 E 50 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE.
General Superintendent  Jas. H. McVety.
B.C. Workmen's Compensation and Labour Offices, corner Homer
and Dunsmuir Streets, Vancouver.
Branch Offices.
Vancouver, cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets  1
Vancouver (Women's Branch), cor. Homer and Duns- I     W. S. Dickson,  Superintendent.
muir Streets  J
Victoria, Langley and Broughton Streets  )    TT   _, .  .     ,   _ ,_+ _=__*
„.  .     .    ,,,. ,   „        . , %       , -, „        ...      o.      ... >    H. Cnsford, Superintendent.
Victoria (Women s Branch), Langley and Broughton Streets j
New Westminster M.  Standbridge, Superintendent.
Nanaimo   J. T. Carrigan, Superintendent.
Kamloops J. H. How, Superintendent.
Penticton   A. Gilley, Superintendent.
Nelson    .J. M. Dronsfield, Superintendent.
Cranbrook C. J. Lewis, Superintendent.
Revelstoke H. N. Coursier, Superintendent.
Prince Rupert J. M.  Campbell, Superintendent.
Prince George G. C. Sinclair, Superintendent.
Handicap Section.
f G.  S.  Bell,  Clerk.
Vancouver, cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets... — -j R. L. Mavius, Clerk.
[ H.  Parry, Clerk.
Victoria, Langley and Broughton Streets W. A. Turner, Clerk.
The following report is submitted by the General Superintendent of the Employment
Service:—
This is the thirteenth annual report of the British Columbia Branch of the Employment
Service of Canada, a branch of the Department of Labour, and covers the work for the calendar
year 1931.
There are thirteen offices in operation in the Province, as follows: Vancouver (2), Victoria
(2), New Westminster, Nanaimo, Prince Rupert, Prince George, Cranbrook, Nelson, Revelstoke,
Kamloops, and Penticton. Separate offices are provided in Vancouver and Victoria for the
employment of women, and separate sections for dealing with the employment problems of men
handicapped through service overseas or in industrial occupations. Temporary offices were
operated in Vernon and Kelowna from May to December to take care of the seasonal labour
and unemployment relief requirements in those districts.
CONDITIONS DURING THE YEAR.
As forecast in the last annual report, industrial conditions in this Province, instead of
showing an improvement during 1931, became gradually worse, every industry being directly or
indirectly affected. In August the Provincial Government decided on a Province-wide registration of persons unemployed and in need of immediate employment or direct relief. This registration was carried on by officers of this Department, Government Agents, Provincial Police
officers, and municipal officials, and the results portrayed the existing situation much more
accurately than any means previously employed. There were no residence qualifications
required of applicants and any person out of employment was permitted to register. Registration, however, did not carry with it any guarantee of either relief-work or direct relief, the
financial circumstances of each applicant being the determining factor. In order to prevent or,
at least, reduce the usual influx of unemployed from other parts of Canada, the registration of
persons who had not been in the Province prior to January 1st, 1931, was stopped on September
12th, and the widespread publicity given this policy undoubtedly reduced the size of the influx
during the fall months from other Provinces. Subsequent applicants were required to prove
continuous residence in the Province during the year 1931 and to show where they were during
the period the registration was open and why they had not registered at that time. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 51
Concurrently with the registration an extensive programme of road-work was started by
the Public Works Department, camps being established in the areas in which the work was
undertaken. The men for the camps were supplied through the employment offices and, as
considerable work was in progress in areas in which there were no employment offices, temporary offices were opened for approximately three months in Ladysmith, Courtenay, Salmon
Arm, Golden, Fernie, Grand Forks, and Merritt. A special arrangement was made by the
Dominion Department of Labour with the two transcontinental railways by which workmen sent
to work camps were carried at the rate of iy2 cents per mile if in possession of requisitions
signed by Employment Service officials, this expense being borne jointly by the Dominion and
Provincial Governments. On completion of three months' work or the termination of the job,
workmen could secure, at their own expense, tickets for the return journey at the rate of 2 cents
per mile. As the railway facilities within the Province were insufficient to meet the requirements a similar agreement was made with bus lines and steamship companies. At the end of
the period under review approximately 10,000 men had been sent to work camps throughout the
Province by employment offices, a special effort being made to relieve the cities and towns of
the single men. During the winter months work in the camps was suspended, some of the camps
being closed and the balance used for direct relief. In the spring work was resumed on a new
basis and at the end of May, 1932, the employment offices had shipped 14,912 men to camps and
other Government relief projects.
During the year the Order in Council prohibiting the importation of contract labour proved
an efficient barrier against labourers from the United States, but the benefits were greatly
reduced by the large number of deportees landed in Victoria and Vancouver from Pacific Coast
points in the United States, these people being citizens of Canada who had entered the United
States illegally or who had become a charge on the community through conviction for crime or
due to unemployment. Although the majority of these people entered the United States from
Eastern Provinces and had never been in British Columbia before, they became an immediate
charge on the Government on arrival owing to their destitute circumstances.
As during the previous year, conditions in the Prairie Provinces prevented the usual shipment of farm-labourers for spring and harvest work, a loss that was very severely felt by
our settlers, who have been greatly assisted by this opportunity of employment during the past
decade. General conditions in industry within the Province were such that reductions in staff
were found necessary in practically every branch, with the result that there were fewer opportunities of employment offering for those usually employed during rush periods.
BUSINESS TRANSACTED DURING THE YEAR.
The work of the offices is shown in detail by tables, the figures showing the applications,
vacancies, and placements by offices and months. The number of placements was 46,944, all but
ten within the Province. Of this number, 272 were transferred from one employment zone to
another, 161 transfers being made by the Vancouver offices to various outlying parts of the
Province. Of the 46,944 placements, 22,947 went to employment where the duration ranged from
one week to permanent positions. The balance, 23,997, were sent to positions expected to last
less than seven days, but which frequently extended for longer periods. In both groups are
included men sent to relief-work either in camps or elsewhere. In the Vancouver and Victoria
offices separate divisions are maintained for women, and 5,765 were sent out during the year,
2,720 going to work lasting more than one week and 3,045 to " casual" employment. The
majority of the latter group were employed in domestic service. The seasonal demands for
fruit pickers, packers, and canners was less pronounced this year, due to the surplus of labour
in the districts in which this work is carried on, which reduced the employment opportunities of
many young women living in the urban centres. Employment opportunities for handicapped
ex-service men and those whose efficiency has been impaired by industrial accidents were
greatly reduced owing to the surplus of physically fit men and the contraction in the industries
of the Province. E 52
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
BUSINESS TRANSACTED BY BRITISH COLUMBIA OFFICES, 1931.
Office.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out of
B.C.
5,373
4,188
832
16,531
3,167
3,072
4,841
3,107
18,182
1,964
124,941
17,735
2,690
18,680
4,509
1,905
2,039
236
9,511
1,575
1,036
1,891
1,843
970
979
5,761
4,041
760
13,134
1,741
1,897
2,024
236
9,512
1,569
1,030
1,850
1,829
970
973
5,401
4,025
755
13,133
1,740
23
4
1
51
5
1
161
21
5
1
1
Vancouver-	
Vancouver (Women)	
6
2
Totals	
230,712
47,422
46,944
272
10
BUSINESS  TRANSACTED MONTHLY,  BRITISH  COLUMBIA OFFICES,   1931.
Month.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out of
B.C.
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July.	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
Totals
25,134
20,539
10,518
14,730
17,863
14,793
19,484
28,262
22,202
26,967
13,484
10.736
3,745
2,834
2,862
3,135
3,455
3,007
2,995
3,682
5,391
10,814
2,960
2,542
3,737
2,813
2,846
3,132
3,442
3,003
2,949
3,661
5,272
10,596
2,947
2,546
24
6
42
16
20
25
17
24
8
75
230,712
47,422
46,944
10
WORK IN THE HANDICAP SECTIONS.
Reference has been made in previous reports to the arrangement between the Dominion
and Provincial Governments whereby special facilities are provided in the Vancouver and
Victoria offices, at the expense of the Dominion Government, to increase the employment opportunities of handicapped ex-service men and industrial handicap cases. This agreement, made
in December, 1924, was continued during 1931, there being three men in Vancouver and one in
Victoria engaged in this branch of the work. Difficult in normal times owing to the nature of
the disabilities and the psychological objections to engaging disabled persons, particularly in
the major industries of this Province, the work during periods of unemployment is further
complicated by the competition of physically fit men. Although twelve years have elapsed since
the Armistice, the obligation to assist ex-service men shows no diminution in the offices situated
in the Coast area of the Province, where the majority of the men have congregated for the
climatic advantages and the medical and hospital facilities available. The problem of the
totally unemployable has been well taken care of by the " War Veterans' Allowance Act," which
became effective October 1st, 1930, and provides an allowance for men of 60 years or over,
provided they are pensioners or were engaged in a theatre of war. Men under 60 years, continuously unemployable, are, subject to the same service qualifications, similarly dealt with.
During the period under review the handicapped men had first choice in filling 18,895
vacancies listed in the Vancouver and Victoria offices, but owing to the nature of the work REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 53
required and the physical condition of the handicapped applicants, but a relatively small
number of the jobs were filled by this type of applicant. Of the placements, 1,388 in number,
142 ex-service men and 40 industrials were sent to employment where the duration was not less
than one week and frequently for much longer periods. The remainder, 1,206, went to casual
employment which was expected to last less than one week. In the Victoria area some of this
number were employed on relief projects.
OTHER BRANCHES OF ACTIVITY.
For many years the Employment Service has provided a regular channel of information for
the Department of Immigration relative to the availability of labour in Canada. This service
has been of material assistance in dealing with requests of employers for permission to import
labour from other countries, and has resulted in many positions being filled by our own citizens
which would otherwise have gone to aliens, the importation of labour being prohibited under
Order in Council P.C. 1413, except on special authority of the Minister of Immigration.
The employment offices also act as information bureaus for employers, workers, public and
semi-public bodies, and persons in other parts of Canada and other countries who desire
information regarding industrial conditions in British Columbia. Prompt replies and accurate
information, while it may discourage people from coming here, at least prevents them from
coming with illusions which are speedily lost on arrival, with the inevitable dissatisfaction with
the country and its people.
One of the most important problems facing the Employment Service during the year has been
the maintenance of the proper relationship between public employment work and social service.
Experience has demonstrated that if a public employment office becomes known as a relief
agency, or closely associated with the distribution of direct relief, employers conclude that
vacancies are being filled from the ranks of the most necessitous rather than from those
qualified by experience for the work to be performed. The placement of men on relief projects
is, however, an entirely different matter, and this work comes within the legitimate scope of
our activities, without impairing the efficiency or injuring the reputation of the employment
offices with either employers or workmen. There has, however, been the closest co-operation
with other departments, both Provincial and municipal, in connection with the special registration and the handling of the records arising out of the adoption of this system, which has had
the effect of reducing the migration of unemployed men from one part of the Province to
another.
Now ending its thirteenth year, the Employment Service, a branch of the Department of
Labour, has gained the confidence of employers and workmen in particular and of the citizens
and organizations generally by its effort to provide efficient service in the employment field and
prompt, accurate information to those seeking information on subjects within the scope and
knowledge of officers of the Department. E 54 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
INSPECTION OF FACTORIES.
Chief Inspector Herbert Douglas.
Assistant Inspector.    John Bennett.
Assistant Inspector Essie Brown.
The following report is submitted by the Chief Inspector of Factories:—
I have the honour of submitting herewith the annual report of the Factory Inspection
Branch for the year 1931.
As our duties require us to visit all classes of industrial establishments, we could not fail
to notice the restricted production during the year 1931. Plants which in former years hummed
with activity were either working short time or with reduced staffs. Various reasons were
given by the owners and managers of these industrial concerns for the lack of demand for their
particular commodities. The feeling seemed to prevail, however, that the year 1932 would
bring forth a noticeable revival, and in anticipation of that event repairs and improvements to
plants and machinery were made and planned. This Department realized the strenuous times
through which we were passing, and in issuing corrective measures relating to the safety,
health, and comfort of employees we endeavoured to so specify our orders that they would not
become an undue burden on the employer and at the same time would comply with the
regulations.
INSPECTIONS.
During the year, 1,329 inspections were made in various parts of the Province.
We still have with us the employer who gives the impression that he resents the visit of
the Inspector, and in times such as we passed through last year this type of individual, if
frequent surveillance was lacking, would not hesitate to attempt to introduce working conditions
which were contrary to statutory requirements. Fortunately this class of employer was very
rare and almost without exception came from a country where the working conditions do not
require a very high standard.
There seemed to be a desire during the year to seek space in buildings where a lower rental
could be obtained, as a great many factories were carrying on their operations in rented
premises, and we have been called upon to examine prospective vacant buildings into which the
employer, for economic reasons, desired to move his equipment. In a number of instances the
work-rooms were, with slight alterations, brought into conformity with the Act, but a number
of other premises which we inspected before their occupancy wTere found to be entirely unsuited,
as they could not conform with the requirements specified for the health, safety, and comfort
of the employees.
It would be more satisfactory to all concerned if the employers would become generally
conversant with the requirements of the " Factories Act" before finally deciding on the location
of their factories, as we find that controversy often arises between the landlord and tenant
regarding the responsibility of making necessary changes to the premises in order to comply
with the regulations.
SAFEGUARDING MACHINERY.
Having a wide variation of industrial enterprises in the Province, it follows that each
industry has machinery which is designed for the needs of that particular industry. Until a
few years ago the chief incentive in the designing of these machines seemed to be to comply
with the insistent and ever-increasing demand for greater volume and lesser cost of production,
but in justice to the present-day machine-builder it must be said that he realizes that because
safety and efficiency are so closely related he must endeavour to manufacture a machine on
which dangerous moving parts are enclosed.
One of the problems with which we have to contend is introduced by the manufacturer who,
starting business with a limited capital, procures, from one source or another, machinery of an
obsolete type which for a variety of reasons has been discarded by some other manufacturer and
which we would much rather see relegated to the scrap-heap, as owing to the construction of
the machine it is at times a problem to effectively guard the dangerous moving parts, as the
following example will show:— REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 55
During the course of our conversation with an employer while investigating and viewing
a machine on which one of his employees suffered the loss of a part of one of his fingers, he
stated that to his knowledge this was the third man who had received similar injuries on the
machine, and expressed the opinion that it was impossible to remove the hazard without serious
interference with production. After seeing the machine under actual operation and following
considerable study, we were able, with the co-operation of the employer, to design a guard which
would remove the hazard and not interfere with production.
It is instances such as referred to that enable us, when visiting factories of a like nature,
to point out the hazards and specify ways and means of preventing similar accidents.
We have during the year particularly impressed upon the owners, superintendents, and
foremen of industrial plants the advantages to be gained by the organization of safety committees, and outlined to them the procedure followed and results obtained by the formation of
these committees in other factories throughout the Province, the number of persons comprising
the committee being governed by the number of men employed. In discussing this matter with
managers we have laid particular stress upon the fact that, in order for the employer to convince his employees that he had the interest of their safety and welfare at heart, it was first
necessary for him to remove, as far as possible, all mechanical hazards throughout the plant
and in a diplomatic manner endeavour to convince his employees of the impossibility of protecting human lives and limbs without their whole-hearted co-operation. The whole object of
safety and accident-prevention is, of course, to prevent accidents, but while we cannot accurately determine the number of accidental injuries which have been prevented, the fact remains
that each succeeding year the number and severity of personal injuries is steadily decreasing.
In carrying out this portion of our duties we realize the responsibility which is ours in
endeavouring to perform our part in making the workshops and factories throughout the
Province a safe place in which to earn a livelihood.
COMPLAINTS.
The number and nature of complaints received by letter and telephone were similar to
those of former years. All information received through these channels was promptly investigated and in all cases treated as strictly confidential.. In instances where the worker lodges
a complaint against an employer while still in his employ our investigations are carried out in
such a manner that the position of the complainant is in no way jeopardized.
We receive at times valuable information from employees regarding unsafe working conditions which have been introduced into a plant since our last inspection. This information is
imparted to us, not in the form of a complaint, but rather in a spirit of co-operation with the
Department, and we are always appreciative of any communications in this respect. Steps are
immediately taken to rectify the cause which prompted the matter being brought to our
attention.
LIGHTING.
The artificial-lighting system in a work-room forms a very important part of the equipment
of any factory, the type and location of fixtures being governed by the nature of the industry.
Owing to the location of the work-rooms in some of our industries it becomes necessary to
resort to artificial illumination during the entire work-day, and because of this we have, during
the year, given special attention to the work-rooms in which these conditions exist. At times
it has been necessary either to order the installation of additional fixtures or a change of the
location of those already provided.
Too much illumination, known as " glare," is as much a danger as too little and far more
harmful to those exposed to it, because when continued it tends to injure the eyes and also
cause discomfort and fatigue, thus reducing the efficiency of the worker. It is therefore
apparent that the eyesight of industrial workers must be given the same attention from a
lighting standpoint as guards for dangerous machinery.
SANITATION.
In permanently established industries the sanitary arrangements provided for employees
leaves little to be desired. Several of our larger industries have provided showers for those
who desire to use them. In addition to this, each employee is provided with a locker for his
own personal use.    On entering a factory immediately after completing an inspection of one in E 56 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
which all modern sanitary conveniences have been provided, it is rather difficult to understand
the attitude of the employer who, in this age, pleads ignorance of the fact that it is necessary
for him to provide separate lavatories for the use of male and female employees.
When inspection reveals the lack of proper sanitary conveniences a reasonable time-limit is
allowed in which to comply with this section of the Act. While we did not have to institute
Court proceedings during the year to enforce these provisions, we have, in a number of
instances, threatened to do so before satisfactory results were obtained.
HOURS OF WORK.
The " Factories Act" provides that, where the exigencies of the trade require, the Inspector
may permit laundries to operate on holidays and female factory employees to work nine hours
a day and fifty-four hours a week for a limited period. During the year thirty-four permits
were granted to applicants for these purposes.
Because of the continued decline of industrial employment we have, before acceding to the
requests for permission to work female employees overtime, made a thorough investigation into
the circumstances which prompted the requests, and in conversation with the principals of the
firms have, in order to somewhat relieve the unemployment situation, suggested that the staff
be increased instead of working overtime, and in a number of instances were successful in
having this done. It was only in cases which were proven exceptional that permission to work
for a longer period than forty-eight hours per week was granted.
In order to maintain strict compliance with those sections of the Act which specify the
number of hours a laundry may operate, it is necessary for us to make frequent inspections,
particularly of the laundries operated by Orientals. Each succeeding year we find it more
difficult to procure conclusive evidence of infractions of the Act because of the fact that illegal
employment, if any, is purposely attempted to be concealed from us by means of the windows
being boarded up or heavy curtains or blinds installed, which at times prevent us from observe
ing any operations that may be carried on in the work-rooms. In addition to this, the means
of gaining access to these establishments has been made more difficult.
In view of these conditions it may be well to consider amending the Act, making it a
statutory offence to wholly conceal from view the work-rooms in any laundry.
Notwithstanding the difficulties which have been placed in our way, convictions were
recorded against two proprietors of Oriental laundries, which resulted in a fine of $100 in one
case and ,$50 in the other.
CHILD-LABOUR.
We have to report that only two applications were made during the year for children to
be employed in factories. In one case it was a 13-year-old boy who wished to work in a cannery
during the summer holiday season and the second was a 14-year-old girl who desired to be
employed in a laundry. The only explanation we can offer for the great decrease in these
applications this year is that during the present industrial depression employers are endeavouring to provide employment for a greater number of adult workers. It is very seldom indeed
that we find an employer who shows a tendency to substitute children for adult workers, and
we believe they realize that a child who leaves school at an early age to enter industry has not
the chance to develop mentally and physically in the manner demanded by society to-day.
FREIGHT AND PASSENGER ELEVATORS.
Elevators as a class carry more persons than any other single type of conveyance, and
probably as many as all other means of transportation combined, practically every one using
elevators to some extent. We are gratified to be able to report that during the year no fatalities
occurred on passenger or freight elevators in the Province; in fact, we had almost completed
the year without being called upon to investigate a major accident when unfortunately the cable
fastenings failed on a passenger-elevator in the City of Vancouver, resulting in a number of
passengers receiving major and minor injuries. The car dropped about 18 feet before it was
gradually stopped and held by the car-holding safety device.
The records of this office show that on making investigations of elevator accidents and in
examining the equipment involved, it is very rarely a mechanical fault is disclosed, from 85 to
90 per cent, of all elevator accidents occurring at the shaftway entrance landings. Briefly
stated, these may be caused by a passenger who, after boarding the elevator, realizes he has REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 57
forgotten something and acting on impulse tries to leave the car after it has started to move,
provided the shaftway doors are not yet closed. If the operator does not stop the car in time,
any one of three types of accidents may occur: First, some part of his body may be squeezed
between the car and the door, the ascending car platform and top of shaftway doors, or other
parts of the elevator and of the door or shaftway. Secondly, he may fall to the landing-floor;
or, thirdly, he may fall back into and down the elevator. Accidents at landings are also caused
by starting the car before the passenger is safely off or on, the operator being careless or
inattentive, and the results that follow are practically the same as those already mentioned.
As stated in previous reports, the only effective way to lessen the hazards which are
responsible for injuries of this kind is the installation of interlocks which will prevent the
elevator from leaving the landing before the doors are closed and locked, and which will also
prevent the doors from being opened unless the car has been brought to a stop at the landing.
In carrying out our investigations into the causes of injuries received by persons working
or being transported on elevators, we almost invariably find that injuries are received on
equipment which has not been provided with these safety devices. Through the efforts of this
Department and with the co-operation of the elevator contractors, we have been successful in
having quite a number of installations equipped with interlocking devices, but the majority of
passenger and freight elevators in this Province are not provided with any form of interlock.
The records furnished this office by the companies manufacturing and installing elevators
show a marked decrease in the number of elevators installed in comparison with that of former
years, only nine freight and five passenger elevators being installed.
During the year we inspected 298 passenger and 278 freight elevators. As some of the
installations are located in out-of-the-way places, considerable time and travel is expended in
carrying out this portion of our work.
ELEVATOR OPERATORS.
During the year 1931, 553 males and 413 females renewed their licences, and 126 males
and 4S females wrote examinations and obtained licences as elevator operators. Thirty-one men
and eight women applied for and received temporary licences, but for some reason did not
appear for examination at the end of the probationary period.
A number of applications were refused, as in other years, because the applicants were
either not of age, aliens, or misrepresented themselves as employees by attempting, in collusion
with some other employee of the building, to procure a licence for the purpose of learning to
operate the car.
The licence of one operator was suspended for a time owing to the fact that he was operating the elevator in a careless manner and subjecting his passengers to possible injuries.
CONCLUSION.
We desire once again to gratefully acknowledge the courtesies received from the managements of industry and the willingness of the foremen and employees to co-operate with us. E 58 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
REPORT OF TRADES AND LABOUR CONGRESS OF CANADA
CONVENTION.
The Convention convened in the Vancouver Hotel on Monday, September 21st, at 10 a.m.
Colin McDonald, President of the Vancouver, New Westminster, and District Trades and
Labour Council, occupied the chair and extended an address of welcome to the delegates on
behalf of the affiliated members of the Council and the organized labour movement of the
Province. He spoke briefly on the conditions of the trade-union movement in British Columbia
and introduced the following speakers :■—
Acting-Mayor John Bennett, who extended a welcome to the delegates on behalf of the
citizens of Vancouver; Hon. R. L. Maitland, who gave a very interesting address; Hon. W. A.
McKenzie, Minister of Labour, who also gave a very nice address of welcome; and Angus
Maclnnis, M.P., member of Vancouver South, who is a member of the Street Railwaymen's
Union, Division 101.   The addresses were well received.
Chairman Colin McDonald then presented to President Tom Moore a gavel that the Local
Committee of the Trades Council had had specially made from British Columbia yew wood, the
gavel being suitably engraved. President Moore accepted same with a few well-chosen words,
and then on behalf of the delegates assembled thanked the Chairman and the speakers for
their encouraging remarks and hearty welcome extended.
President Moore then declared the Forty-seventh Annual Convention duly opened for
official business and appointed the following committees: Rules and Order, Resolutions Committee, Committee on Officers' Reports, Committee on Union Label, Ways and Means Committee,
and Auditing Committee, who met on adjournment to prepare their reports for the Convention.
The Resolutions Committee dealt with 121 resolutions, many of them covering subject-
matters that had been dealt with at previous Conventions. Some of the most important resolutions dealt with were: Six-hour day and five-day week ; revision of the " Shipping Act " ; old-
age pensions as a Federal Government measure;  abolishment of private employment agencies.
The unemployment situation took up the major portion of the time of the Convention and
many of the questions were referred to the incoming Executive Board for immediate attention.
Resolution was submitted requesting the Congress to participate in political action, but was
finally disposed of and the recommendation of the Resolutions Committee of non-concurrence
was endorsed.
Resolution asking for moratorium to save workers' homes was approved of.
Resolution dealing with trading with Russia was discussed at some length, and the action
of the Executive endorsed and opposing any imports from Russia that would interfere with
employment of Canadian workers.
The report of Secretary-Treasurer P. M. Draper showed that the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada was making progress, and in spite of dual organizations, unemployment situation, etc., the report showing an increase in membership of 2,250 over the corresponding period
of 1930 and a total affiliated membership actually paying per capita of 141,137.
The Label Committee dealt with several resolutions and requested the delegates and
members to consistently demand the Union Label on all goods purchased by them.
The Committee of Officers' Reports reviewed the annual report as submitted to the Convention and highly commended the officers for the work accomplished during the year, which
was heartily approved by the delegates.
Wednesday morning was taken up by addresses. Hon. Gideon Robertson, Minister of
Labour, dealt with the unemployment situation and asked the co-operation of the organized
labour movement in meeting the needs during the depression. The address of the Minister
being well received.
Charles J. Case, of Cincinnati, Fraternal Delegate from the American Federation of
Labour, conveyed fraternal greetings and dealt with the legislation that the workers had
obtained in the United States.    Also dealt with the unemployment at present existing there.
Mr. A. B. Swales, General Secretary of the Amalgamated Engineering Union and past
President of the British Trades Union Congress, was Fraternal Delegate from Great Britain,
and addressed the Convention on the industrial and political situation in Great Britain; the
address being instructive and interesting. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 59
The election of officers took place on Thursday afternoon, the following being elected:—
President,   Tom   Moore,   Ottawa;    Secretary-Treasurer,   P.   M.   Draper,    Ottawa.    Vice-
Presidents—P. R. Bengough, Vancouver; R. J. Tallon, Montreal; James Simpson, Toronto.
Fraternal Delegate, American Federation of Labour, Colin McDonald.
Fraternal Delegate, British Trades Union Congress, A. J. Crawford.
Hamilton, Ontario, was chosen as the next Convention city.
Respectfully submitted.
Percy R. Bengough.
REPORT OF THE AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOUR
CONVENTION.
(Submitted by Colin McDonald, President, Vancouver Trades and Labour Council, Fraternal
Delegate to the American Federation of Labour.)
The Fifty-first Annual Convention of the American Federation of Labour convened in the
Ball Room of the Vancouver Hotel. Vancouver, B.C., from October 5th to October 15th, 1931.
During the half-hour preceding the opening of the Convention a thirty-five-piece orchestra,
composed of members of the Musicians' Union of Vancouver, entertained with a concert. This
was concluded by the playing of the National Anthems of both Canada and the United States.
Percy R. Bengough, Chairman of the Reception and Entertainment Committee, called the
Convention to order and introduced Bishop A. H. Sovereign, who pronounced the invocation.
Chairman Bengough, in extending a warm welcome to the delegates assembled, stated:
" Our problems are similar to those you have left in your home towns. The situation of this
city on the shore of the Pacific Ocean is such that we look for a great deal of trade from the
Orient in the building-up of our city. We are conversant with the fact that across that great
ocean are many thousands who are starving in a famine-stricken area; while in our country,
the same as in yours, we have a great deal of suffering in wealth-stricken areas."
Clarence Herrett, Vice-President, Vancouver, New Westminster, and District Trades and
Labour Council, extended a welcome on behalf of the trade-unionists of Vancouver and district,
stating that during the forty-one years the labour movement operated in this city it has
materially assisted in the building-up of the city; not only have the working-people affiliated
with the Council contributed their labour, craftsmanship, and skill to the building-up of our
city, but the Council has always taken an active interest in both city and provincial improvements and pointed with pride to the social legislation on the statute-books of our Province.
His Worship Alderman John Bennett, Acting-Mayor of the City of Vancouver, welcomed
the delegates to the city and, continuing, said : " We are met at the present time in the shadow
of a great crisis. Distress, want, and misery are side by side with greater concentration of
wealth than has ever before been known in the history of the world, and it is for such Conventions as yours which assembled this morning, by your endeavours, by your wise counsels, to
bring forth such sagacity, such welcome advice that will guide your leaders in the great
Republic from which you come in the deliberations of the coming year. Your nation and ours
have lived side by side for over one hundred years in peace, and if as a result of the endeavours
of this conference you will set a pace in the disarmament this Convention will not have been
held in vain."
Hon. W. A. McKenzie, Minister of Labour and Mines, extended a welcome to the delegates
on behalf of the citizens of the Province of British Columbia, and said that the Province is a
pattern in labour legislation for every Province and State on this continent. British Columbia
was the first Province to pass the eight-hour law as adopted at the session of the International
Labour Conference held in AVashington, D.C., in 1919. Concluding, he said: " Unemployment is
rife everywhere. In this country we are of the opinion that the best solution that can be
offered is a job for every one, and with that object in view the Provincial and Dominion
Governments have embarked on a programme in an endeavour to give all who are willing to
work a job."
His Worship Reeve W. A. Pritchard, of Burnaby, was next introduced to the Convention,
and expressed an opinion that the present unemployment situation could not be avoided, and E 60 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
whatever other people may at this time suggest as an immediate step toward the amelioration
of the present situation, the one way in which it ought not to be done is to commence an
attack upon the standard of living of the working population of this or any other country.
Chairman Bengough, before vacating the chair, presented President Green with a gavel
made from a piece of British Columbia yew-tree suitably inscribed.
President Green, upon taking the chair, thanked the speakers for their addresses of welcome,
and then delivered a very masterly address regarding the rights of labour and the duties of
Governments and society in an emergency as we are confronted with now. He warned those
people who, through force, domination, dictatorship, and brutality, exploit the masses of the
people, forcing them down and down to the lowest depths of despair, that they will only drive
them so far, and then they will turn eventually and rend those who do it.
He favoured the shortening of the work-week to create job opportunities and the building-up
of our wage standards to increase the purchasing-power of the masses as a remedy for the
present distressing condition.
Credential Committee reported 333 delegates present, representing 79 International and
National Unions, 4 Departments, 23 State Branches, 46 Central Bodies, 15 Local Trade and
Federal Labour Unions, and 4 Fraternal Delegates. This was later supplemented by brief reports
of the Committee from day to day.
Ninety resolutions were dealt with covering a variety of subjects. The resolution that
created the most discussion was one submitted by Jas. Duncan favouring unemployment insurance, many delegates expressing themselves as supporting same. However, when the vote was
finally taken, the majority were apparently not in favour of it. Those that were opposed to the
resolution took the stand that the introduction of unemployment insurance would take the responsibility off industry, where it rightly belongs, and place it on the people. The general viewpoint of the Convention was expressed by President Green, that accumulated wealth either has
to be put into circulation by high wages or, failing this, by direct taxation on capital.
Resolution on education favoured that classes be reduced to a minimum of thirty children
in order that many of the unemployed teachers may be absorbed; others favouring compulsory
full-time education to the age of 16 and part time to the age of 18 for every child. It was
pointed out in the resolution that there are at present over 1,500,000 children between the
ages of 10 to 16 employed in industry, and if withdrawn would provide jobs for adults at
present unemployed.
Many resolutions submitted were covered in the Officers' Report. Many of them dealt
with the following subjects:—
Maintain wages; calling attention to the fact that business itself should be as much concerned as wage-earners in maintaining wage standards, as our whole industrial fabric, its
stability and usefulness for economic and social services, are interdependent and not independent.
Shorter work-hours; work-hours should be shortened to divide all available work among
all workers. Embodied in this proposal is an appeal to those in charge of industry to reduce
excessive hours of work per day and lessen the work-day per week. All employers to assure
employment to minimum work-forces at least for the winter months. The Council feels, if this
was done, some millions of wage-earners could plan their purchases ahead and thus release a
tremendous buying-power, which to-day is stagnant because of the fear created in the minds
of the masses by the destructive and brutal policies of industrialists designed solely to safeguard capital earnings regardless of the enlarged and grave social responsibilities they throw
upon the State.
That public works and projects should be extended to create work opportunities, and urged
the retention of the prevailing or current wage standard on all relief-work, and, wherever relief
funds were limited, restrictions be placed on the number of hours or days worked rather than
lower the prevailing wage.
Immigration. Under this heading the Executive Council suggested that all immigration
be suspended for a period of two years; in this connection the Committee ventures to express
a hope that the day is not far distant when the immigration and exclusion laws of the United
States and Canada will be so adjusted as to thoroughly safeguard the worker of both countries
from aliens of other lands, and that then, as affecting the native citizens of each, it may be
possible to remove all barriers between these two neighbouring nations in which the standards
of life and labour are almost identical. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931. E 61
A resolution proposing that quota provisions of immigration law applied to Mexico was
favoured.
Other resolutions demanding the exclusion of Philippinos and others favouring complete
independence to the Philippine Islands.
The jurisdiction questions took up a great deal of the Convention time, some of them being
satisfactorily disposed of.
Fraternal Delegates from Great Britain were: Frank Wolstencroft and J. Beard. The opening portion of Mr. Wolstencroft's address, particularly interesting to our movement in Canada,
outlined how the amalgamation was brought about whereby the Amalgamated Carpenters of
Great Britain had renounced their responsibility of their branches in the United States and
Canada, also in South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia, and had advised their membership
to adopt the established organization in their respective countries which was more suited to
the industrial condition where they worked. He further pointed out the very close relationship
maintained with the Amalgamated Wood Workers of Great Britain and the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners of America. They both expressed amazement at the misunderstanding of the British "Unemployment Insurance Act." Concluded by stating: "Not for one
moment would we say that the scheme should operate in America or in any other country. All
that we ask in Britain is that we be allowed to conduct our own business in our own way,
and if we believe that unemployment insurance is the best method of dealing with our
unemployed, then we ought to be allowed to continue without criticism of those from outside
of our country, whose criticisms in the main are based upon absolute ignorance as to the needs
of our people and the administration of the Unemployment Act."
Other two oustanding speakers who addressed the Convention were Spencer Miller, Jr.,
representing the Workers' Education Bureau, and Mr. Edward Keating, Editor of Labour.
They both gave a very interesting instructive address.
The election of officers resulted in the following being re-elected:—
President, Wm. Green; First Vice-President, Frank Duffy; Second Vice-President, T. A.
Rickett; Third Vice-President, Matthew Woll; Fourth Vice-President, Jas. Wilson; Fifth Vice-
President, John Coefield; Sixth Vice-President, Arthur O. Wharton; Seventh Vice-President,
Joseph N. Weber; Eighth Vice-President, J. M. Bugniazet; Treasurer, Martin F. Ryan; Secretary, Frank Morrison.
Fraternal Delegates, British Trade Union Congress, Joseph A. Franklin, International
President of the Boilermakers, and E. E. Millivan, Secretary-Treasurer of the Maintenance of
Way Employees.
Fraternal Delegate to the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada, James B. Power, of the
Commercial Telegraphers.
Cincinnati. Ohio, was chosen as the next Convention city.
Respectfully submitted.
Colin McDonald. E 62 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
REPORT OF THE MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Members of the Board.
Adam Bell, Deputy Minister of Labour, Chairman Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Helen Gregory MacGill 1492 Harwood  Street, Vancouver.
Thomas Mathews, Real-estate Broker 517 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Officials of the Board.
Mabel A. Cameron, Secretary Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Essie Brown, Inspector 411 Dunsmuir Street,  Vancouver.
To the Honourable Minister of Labour,
Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—We have the honour to submit herewith the fourteenth annual report of the Minimum
Wage Board of British Columbia for the year ended December 31st, 1931.
During the year 1931, which has been a very unsettled period with regard to wages and
wage regulation in all industrial countries throughout the world, we have had evidence of the
solid foundation upon which minimum-wage legislation in British Columbia is based, and the
spirit of equity and fairness which has characterized its administration since the time of its
inception in this Province.
The nine Orders of the Board still remain in force in their original form with only slight
variation.
Perusal of the statistical tables in the annual reports of the Minimum Wage Board since
1918 reveals that fluctuations in rates of pay have occurred in the various occupations and
industries covered by the nine Orders in force.
It is not the object of the minimum-wage legislation to eliminate such fluctuations. These
will always occur with varying industrial and economic conditions, but the underlying principle
of the minimum-wage legislation is to prevent wage scales falling to subnormal levels out of
fair proportion to living costs, thereby creating a condition prejudicial to the well-being of women
and girls.
It must be borne in mind that the rates fixed are minimum rates, and the contention occasionally put forward that legal minimum rates tend to become standard rates has been abundantly disproved. Added strength may be given to the belief that minimum-wage regulation by
Statute in Canada has become an institution of permanent establishment by the fact that during
1930 Nova Scotia put its minimum-wage law of 1920 into active practice; leaving New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island the only Provinces in the Dominion not having this type of
legislation in force.
While the depressed business and industrial conditions experienced during the past year
have to some extent rendered the administration of minimum wage more difficult, there has been
no relaxation upon the part of the Board or its officials in maintaining due observance of the
regulations.
It is gratifying to be able to record that the attitude of employers generally has been one
of helpful co-operation. In the case of the few exceptions, which always occur, the Board
reluctantly found it necessary to exercise the penalization provisions of the Statute.
COLLECTION OF SHORTAGES.
To employees whose occupations are covered by the nine Orders, tangible evidence that
the Inspectors have been diligent on their behalf is shown by the recovery of $3,581.44, the
largest amount collected in any one year, being the difference between the wages to which the
employees were entitled and the amounts they actually received.
The Board, however, does not measure its success by the quantity of arrears collected, but
endeavours to achieve the voluntary observance of its regulations so that there shall be no
arrears to collect.
The " Minimum Wage Act" deals very precisely with the payment of arrears, and its provisions in this connection may be regarded as a wholesome discipline for offending firms and
a method of recouping women workers for earnings of which they have been unjustly deprived. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 63
FRUIT-PACKERS REQUEST SUSPENSION OF ORDER.
A petition from certain fruit-packers was received in July, 1931, requesting that, in view
of the present depression, the minimum wage for female persons engaged in the fruit industry
be suspended. Seven firms signed the application, employing approximately 14 per cent, of the
females in the industry.
At a meeting of the Board this application was fully considered and it was decided that
the Order as presently constituted should remain in force.
COURT CASES.
During the year twenty employers were summoned to appear in Court for failure to comply
with the Orders of the Board. Fifteen of these were under the Public Housekeeping Order;
the nationality of the fifteen being: Greek, 4; Chinese, 3; Italian and Swedish, 2 each;
French, Spanish, Russian, and Hindu, 1 each. Two cases were listed under the Personal
Service and Mercantile Orders and one under the Manufacturing Order.
A summary of the above cases follows:—
Order.
Charge.
Verdict.
Sentence.
(1.)  Public Housekeeping
Paying less than minimum  rate
Guilty
Fined $25 or one month in prison.
Fined $25 or ten days in prison.
Fined $25 or ten days in prison.
Fined $50 or twenty days in prison.
Fined $25.
Fined $25 or thirty days in prison.
Brined $25.
Fined $25.
(2.)   Public Housekeeping
Paying less than  minimum  rate
Guilty .. .
(3.)  Public Housekeeping
Paying less than minimum rate
Guilty-
(4.)   Public Housekeeping
(a)   Paying   less   than   minimum
rate and excessive hours;  (&)
failure .to keep notice posted
Paying less than  minimum rate
Paying less than minimum rate
Paying less than  minimum  rate
Paying less than minimum rate
Guilty	
(5.)   Public Housekeeping
(6.)  Public Housekeeping
(7.)   Public Housekeeping
(8.)   Public Housekeeping
(9.)   Public Housekeeping
Guilty.    .
Guilty	
Guilty	
Case with-
Paying less than minimum  rate
Paying less than minimum  rate
Paying less than minimum rate
Paying less than minimum rate
(10.)   Public Housekeeping
Guilty	
Fined $25 or thirty days in prison.
Dismissed—
Dismissed...
(13.)  Public Housekeeping
(14.)   Public Housekeeping
(15.)  Public Housekeeping
(16.)  Manufacturing Order
(17.)   Personal Service	
Guilty	
Fined $25.
Fined $25.
Fined $25.
Fined $25 or ten days in prison.
Fined  $25.
Guilty	
Guilty
Guilty-
Paying less than minimum wage
Paying less than minimum wage
Paying less than minimum wage
Paying less than minimum wage
Guilty	
Dismissed—
Guilty	
Guilty	
Fined $25.
(20.)   Mercantile
Fined $25 or five days in prison.
STATISTICAL SURVEY.
As in previous years, the Board mailed to employers a request for information relating to
their employees for the week of employment of the greatest number. The number of firms
submitting returns was 3,112, a decrease of 344 from 1930 or 9.95 per cent. The total number
of employees was 18,154, as compared with 20,461 in 1930, a reduction of 2,307 or 11.27 per cent.
Average Wages and Hours.
The average weekly wage for all employees over 18 years of age dropped from $17.37 in
1930 to $16.71 during 1931; for employees under 18 years of age the rate fell from $10.57 in
1930 to $9.99 in 1931.
There can be no doubt that the rates paid to female workers in the Province would have
been very much lower but for the steadying effect of the Orders of the Board, and it is of interest
to note that of the 18,154 females employed 10,060 were in receipt of a rate higher than the legal
minimum, 3,919 employees received the minimum rate payable under the various Orders, and 4,175 employees were paid less than the minimum rate. It must be stated, however, that the
latter include employees under 18 years of age, for whom lower rates are set; and employees
who worked less than 48 hours per week and were paid on a pro rata basis.
Methods op Coping with Existing Conditions.
During the year employers have tried various methods to cope with the rapid business
changes taking place. In order to keep in touch with the trend of changing conditions, additional questions were placed on the statistical form requesting information as to whether any
changes had been made in the number employed, whether employees had been laid off or placed
on short time, also if cuts had been made in wages, and, if so, the amount of the cut.
The following two tables have been compiled from the answers received; 2,215 firms made
no change in their staff during the year, 433 firms made a reduction in the number employed,
while 464 made a wage reduction of from 2 per cent, to 45 per cent, in the wages paid; these
reductions affecting only those who were receiving an amount in excess of the legal minimum
rate for the industry concerned:—■
The following table shows changes made by employers in an endeavour to meet with present
conditions:—
o
S.5
It
S'3
2 a
Public
Housekeeping.
Office
Occupation.
is
•2-3
« M
§2
S Mo
u ~ ~
fc>5
a   »
a   M
o»aa)
5 5
ceo
g a
o
282
46
99
57
46
198
25
18
45
90
9
75
214
95
207
97
66
346
1,258
209
265
93
304
815
199
47
129
229
28
138
92
15
20
7
4
7
32
2
5
7
186
111
1
8
2
2,215
Number of firms showing reduction in staff
433
778
Number of employees placed on short time
Number of firms showing cut in wages	
Number of employees affected by wage cut
573
464
1,765
The following table shows the percentage cut made in the different occupations and the
number of employees affected:—
Per
Cent.
2.
2i.
3.
4.
5.
51.
6.
6J.
7.
7J.
8.
9.
10.  I 11.
1
12
1
12J
13.
Total.
5
8
4
22
6
12
4
3
34
3
97
51
176
485
104
2
122
3
4
1
4
169
74
20
65
12
10
10
16
7
11
31
8
11
241
1
1
1
2
6
11
2
7
20
1
652
125
2
10
150
Totals       	
1
1
1
2
102
8
44
14
46
34
45
19
1  037
•>(\
14
24
1
i 41 a
1
Pee
Cent.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21}.
22.
23.
25.
27.
28.
1
30.|33%
35.
45.
Total.
12
8
1
1
1
4
1
1
1
29
4
6
58
41
8
19
14
15
50
5
4
27
4
20
3        1
1
1
105
7
2
1
1
3
4
2
3
2
163
13
1
g
Fruit and vegetable	
4
5
36
Totals	
22
11 SI   34
13
3
1
105
1
3
dl    30
2
3
3
3
2 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 65
The number of firms who returned the form marked " no employees " are 346, as compared
with 204 for 1930.
The thanks of the Board are extended to those who made their returns promptly, and an
appeal made to those who have to be reminded several times before making their returns, to
forward the required information more promptly in the future.
The statistics covering the nine Orders of the Board are given in the following tables along
with those of previous years for comparative purposes :•—■
Mercantile Industry.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years....
Average hours worked per week	
374
3,813
3,398
415
$48,293.00
$3,738.50
$14.20
$9.07
10.88%
43.58
435
4,223
3,670
553
$54,384.13
$5,177.00
$14.82
$9.36
13.09%
44.05
458
4,314
3,723
591
$56,065.22
-$5,367.50
$15.06
$9.08
13.70%
43.16
478
4,237
3,563
674
$53,270.55
$6,467.50
$14.95
$9.60
15.91%
43.57
480
3,917
3,282
635
$50,231.73
$6,250.50
$15.31
$9.84
16.21%
45.35
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $12.75; 1,272
or 33.36 per cent, of all the employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this
amount, 1,795 or 47.08 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and
746 or 19.56 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving
less than the $12.75 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers
over 18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a
pro rata basis.
The average weekly rate for employees over 18 years and under 18 years fell during the
year; but it should also be observed that the average hours worked also dropped from 44.05
in 1930 to 43.58 in 1931.
The mercantile industry, in point of numbers employed, stands second in the list of callings
over which the Board has jurisdiction, and was the first to have an Order promulgated for its
benefit. It includes many stores with a single employee each, but also contains within its
ranks the large departmental concerns, whose women assistants are counted by hundreds.
As the returns for the year were required for the week of greatest employment, most firms
submitted figures for the Christmas-season week. Permission under the Mercantile Order was
obtained for some overtime employment by firms to cope with the heavy business, the peak of
which occurs within a limited period at this time of year.
Laundry Industry.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—■
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
52
991
924
67
12,721.50
$635.00
$13.76
$9.48
6.76%
42.87
64
1,114
991
123
$14,451.00
$1,181.00
$14.58
$9.60
11.04%
45.24
70
1,203
1,056
147
$15,420.50
$1,444.50
$14.60
$9.83
12.22%
45.30
66
1,090
962
128
$14,036.49
$1,234.00
$14.59
$9.64
11.74%
45.39
59
959
822
137
$11,966.50
$1,396.00
$14.56
$10.19
14.29%
45.11 E 66
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $13.50; 194 or
19.57 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
350 or 35.32 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 447 or
45.11 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $13.50 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers
over 18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a
pro rata basis.
Laundry-workers suffered a reduction in the number employed of approximately 11 per
cent., and for those retained on the pay-roll the average weekly hours worked fell to 42.87 from
45.24 in 1930, which had its effect on the average weekly wages earned.
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—■
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years-
Average hours worked per week	
375
2,206
2,152
54
$34,079.50
$455.00
$15.72
$11.67
2.45%
45.46
$36.
$1
394
2,456
2,345
111
582.50
,538.00
$15.60
$13.86
4.52%
44.90
431
2,608
2,496
112
$41,291.00
$1,565.50
$16.54
$13.98
4.29%
45.61
430
2,469
2,377
92
$39,267.25
$1,257.50
$16.52
$13.67
3.73%
45.73
375
1,945
1,877
68
$30,904.60
$918.00
$16.50
$13.50
3.50%
45.85
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14; 507 or 22.99
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount,
1,244 or 56.39 per cent, of all eniployees reported received more than this amount, and 455 or
20.62 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $14 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers over
18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata
basis.
As will be seen in the record of Court cases for the year, the Board experiences greater
difficulty enforcing this Order than with all other Orders combined; fifteen of the twenty
prosecutions having been instituted under this Order. Employees when engaged should have a
definite understanding as to the exact number of meals each week to which they are entitled.
Settlement of disputes usually hinges on this important point.
Office Occupation.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over IS years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years....
Average hours worked per week	
1,771
4,696
4,611
18,346.50
$966.50
$19.15
$11.73
1.31%
41.48
1,935
5,187
5,029
158
$102,354.05
$2,050.00
$20.35
$12.97
3.05%
42.02
1,985
5,259
5,077
182
$104,340.19
$2,322.00
$20.55
$12.75
3.46%
42.02
1,829
4,668
4,504
164
$91,042.73
$2,131.00
$20.21
$12.99
3.51%
41.91
1,919
4,399
4,247
152
$81,380.57
$1,917.50
$19.16
$12.62
3.46%
41.93
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15; 748 or 15.93
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount,
3,432 or 73.08 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 516 or REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 67
10.99 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $15 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers over
18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata
basis.
Employees under this Order decreased 9.47 per cent, as compared with 1930, 665 receiving
$25 or more per week, against 910 last year.
The average wages and hours per week declined and a sharp drop is noted in the percentage
of employees under 18 years of age.
Personal Service Occupation.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Ill
361
347
20
$5,190.50
$219.50
$15.22
$10.97
5.54%
40.72
110
391
349
42
$5,S29.85
$396.00
$16.70
$9.43
10.74%
39.34
106
371
338
33
$5,885.00
$270.00
$17.41
$8.18
8.89%
40.28
96
349
323
26
$5,496.24
$303.50
$17.02
$11.67
7.45%
36.38
103
Total number of employees	
359
337
22
Total weekly wages—
$5,845.03
$264.00
Average weekly wages—
$17.34
$12.00
6.13%
40.33
Percentage of employees under 18 years....
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14.25; 76 or 21.08
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount,
106 or 29.35 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 179 or
49.57 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $14.25 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers
over 18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a
pro rata basis.
This group is the only one showing an increase in the number of firms reporting, although
a loss of 30 is recorded in the total number of employees. An increase is shown in the average
weekly wages for employees under 18 years of age, as is also an increase in the average weekly
hours worked.
Fishing Industry.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—■
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
2
98
96
2
,351.50
$24.00
$14.08
$12.00
2.09%
23.48
3
71
67
4
$1,473.50
$55.00
$21.99
$13.75
5.63%
57.68
8
22
22
$498.75
$22.67
50.18
4
15
15
5
16
16
$202.54
$19.50
46.13
$250.00
$15.62
40.09
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15.50; 9 or 9.19
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount, 56 or
33.67 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, 56 or 57.14 per cent,
of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than the $15.50
included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who worked less
than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis. E 68                                                 DEPARTMENT
OF LABOUR.
As workers in fish-canneries do not come within the scope of the Order, the returns in
this industry are made for comparatively few employees, who are for the most part engaged in
plants where fish are prepared for drying, curing, or smoking.
Telephone and Telegraph Occupation.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
112
1,800
1,789
17
$32,770.00
$133.50
$18.32
$7.85
0.94%
39 90
154
2,028
1,871
157
$34,057.42
$1,671.50
$18.20
$10.65
7.74%
41 02
142
2,023
1,781
242
$32,418.50
$2,719.00
$18.20
$11.24
11.96%
40.94
135
1,866
1,612
254
$29,530.00
$3,024.50
$18.32
$11.91
13.61%
41.13
127
1,669
1,553
116
$27,843.94
$1,240.00
$17.93
$10.69
6.95%
41.42
Total number of employees	
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—■
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Percentage of inexperienced employees—
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15;   272 or 15.06
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount,
1,342 or 74.31 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 192 or
10.63 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount.    Those receiving less
than the $15 included inexperienced workers, for wThom lower rates are set,  and employees
who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Telephone operators, who are direct employees of telephone companies, together with young
ladies who attend to switchboards in business, commercial, and professional offices, comprise
the majority of employees in this setting, although telegraph staffs help to swell the figures.
The change to automatic telephone system in one city accounts for part of the reduction
in the total number of' employees in this section, and would also partly account for the sharp
decrease in the number of inexperienced employees, as it is understood experienced employees
were given the opportunity of transferring to other divisions of the company's operations where
the dial telephone had not been installed.
Manufacturing Industry.
1931.
1930.
1929.
1928.
1927.
274
2,308
2,045
203
$31,610.00
$2,540.00
$15.45
$9.66
11.39%
38.07
310
2,507
2,076
431
$34,0S2.60
$4,455.50
$16.42
$10.34
17.19%
44.48
351
2,760
2,243
517
$37,550.80
$5,216.00
$16.74
$10.09
18.73%
44.90
336
2,524
2,051
473
$34,084.50
$4,729.00
$16.62
$10.00
18.74%
44.70
339
2,292
1,907
385
$31,710.09
$3,847.00
$16.63
$9.90
16.80%
44.35
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—■
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees...
Average hours worked per week	
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is  $14;   654 or
,    28.34 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
817 or 35.40 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 837 or
36.26 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount.    Those receiving less
than the $14 included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who
worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Many lines of factory-work are included in this industry, as reference to the schedules
under the Manufacturing Order in the Appendix will disclose. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 69
It is customary in many branches of the occupation to pay the workers on a piece-work
basis, but the Order provides that whatever system of payment prevails in an establishment
the wages of the employees must equal the amount specified in the regulations. It, therefore,
happens that sometimes a girl's piece-rate earnings have to be augmented by the employer to
ensure a strict compliance with the law.
Comparatively few groups of women in industry in this Province are organized; therefore
they are not in a position to do collective bargaining. In these circumstances the minimum-
wage legislation is their best protection. It is also the protection of the fair employer from
his unfair competitor.
Fruit and Vegetable Industry.
1931.
1930.
1929.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees-
Average hours worked per week  (time-
workers)	
Time.
1,705
1,559
146
28,028.00
$1,956.50
$17.98
$13.47
Piece.
170
164
6
$3,006.00
$71.00
$18.33
$11.83
;.ii%
45.08
51
51
Time.
2,346
1,936
410
$34,097.11
$4,555.00
$17.61
$11.11
Piece.
138
116
22
Time.
2,119
1,587
532
$3,205.50  $29,118.52
$187.00     $5,699.00
$27.63
$8.50
17.40 c
48.78
$18.35
$10.71
Piece.
87
67
20
$1,787.71
$153.50
$20.68
$7.67
25.02%
49.01
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14.40; 187 or
9.98 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
941 or 50.18 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 747 or 39.84
per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than
the $14.40 included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who
worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
It will be observed that the average weekly wage-rates rose for experienced and to a
greater extent for inexperienced workers.
Being highly seasonal in character, canning and packing is crowded into a short period.
Females employed as farm-labourers and fruit-pickers are specially exempt under section 15
of the Act.
Summary of all Occupations.
1931.
1930.
1928.
1927.
Number of firms reporting	
Total number of employees	
Over 18 years, or experienced	
Under 18 years, or inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced
Employees under 18 years, or inexperienced.—	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced
Employees under 18 years, or inexperienced	
Percentage of employees under 18 years,
or inexperienced	
Average hours worked per week	
$285
$10
3,112
18,154
17,079
1,075
.396.50
.739.50
$16.71
$9.99
5.92%
43.03
3,456
20,461
18,450
2,011
$320,517.66
$21,266.00
$17.37
$10.57
9.83%
43.95
3,002
20,766
18,390
2,376
$324,370.19
$24,757.00
$17.64
$10.42
11.44%
43.87
3,425
19,377
17,191
2,186
$301,223.03
$23,470.00
$17.52
$10.74
11.28%
44.05
3,455
17,507
15,697
1,810
$267,787.44
$18,820.00
$17.06
$10.40
10.34%
43.92 E 70
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Women and girls to the number of 18,154 were reported in the nine occupations and industries. Those listed as receiving the actual minimum for their respective classes of work aggregated 3,919, or 21.58 per cent. Rates of pay in excess of the legal minimum were earned by
10,060 employees, or 55.42 per cent, of the total number reported. The balance, comprising
4,175 employees, or 23 per cent, of the total, were recorded as being in receipt of wages which
fell below the minimum. This group includes young girls and inexperienced workers, for whom
lower rates are set, and employees who worked less than 48 hours in the week and were paid
on a pro rata basis.
RECORD OF SERVICE.
The following table showing the length of service of all employees in each group is of
interest; 4,100 female employees have been in their present employment for a period of over
five years, while 1,177 have served more than ten with their employers.
The figures denote a permanency of employment very creditable to both employer and
employee.
Table showing Labour Turnover in each Group—Number of Employees in Continuous
Service op Employer reporting.
Nameof Industry.
■a
CJ
H
'a
OJ
ft
-tJ
O
rt
cj
tH
rH
U
OJ
a
u
a
cj
r>
cn
o
DQ
U
rt
CJ
i*
CO
0
CN
DO
to
cz
CD
X
•n
o
CO
to*
tH
rt
V
H
io
o
EC
U
(A
ai
CD
O
ire
ED
U
rt
0J
tH
o
CO
EC
U
rt
cj
tH
QO
o
-t->
t-
u
a
a>
H
Ci
o
-t->
CO
03
Si
0J
H
O
rH
O
+J
Ci
©
13
9
E»
tH
tH
O
«M EC
■°Su
lis
ci
a
tH
y 2
o ft
,n cn
3'J3
55fe
31
9
50
103
80
24
98
967
1,349
217
767
608
669
99
206
456
546
149
419
640
394
66
228
169
528
181
295
765
298
63
287
71
405
118
240
570
244
34
286
110
244
85
142
407
145
27
114
51
277
59
72
355
135
9
218
15
108
33
51
257
84
10
122
10
92
37
35
193
59
8
89
7
66
31
23
150
44
11
56
4
41
14
23
104
28
4
34
5
176
58
89
544
128
6
166
10
3,813
991
2,206
4,696
2,308
361
1,800
98
1,875
374
52
Public housekeeping-
Office	
375
1,771
Manufacturing	
Personal service..	
Telephone and tele-
274
111
112
2
Fruit and vegetable-
41
Totals	
1,302
4,371
2,611
2.488 12.007
1,215
1,090
675
520
385
253
1,177
18,154
3,112
MARITAL STATUS.
The proportion of married, widowed, and single employees varied but slightly during the
year.
For married women the percentage was 19.49, as compared with 19.07 in 1930, a decline
of 0.18 per cent.; widowed persons gained slightly from 3.68 in 1930 to 3.80 for 1931. A slight
gain was also recorded in the percentage of unmarried employees, rising from 76.65 in 1930 to
76.71 in 1931.
Name of Industry.
Married.
Widowed.
Single.
Total.
596
172
3,072
3,813
279
56
656
991
630
188
1,388
2,206
436
123
4,137
4,696
438
74
1,790
2,308
6S
23
270
361
167
27
1,012
1,806
71
	
27
98
880
28
967
1,875
3,538
691
13,925
18,154
19.49%
3.80%
76.71%
100%
Mercantile	
Laundry	
Public housekeeping	
Office	
Manufacturing	
Personal service	
Telephone and telegraph
Fishing	
Fruit and vegetable	
Totals	
Per cent	 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 71
WAGE COMPARISON.
A comparison of the wages paid employees covered by the Orders of the Board, applicable
to non-seasonal occupations, is given in the following summary, and it is gratifying to observe
that in every case the average wage for experienced employees is in excess of the rate set
forth in the Order covering each particular occupation:—
Mercantile Industry.
1918.
1929.
1930.
1931.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years.
$12.71
$7.70
15.49'
$15.06
$9.08
13.70%
$14.82
$9.36
13.09%
$14.20
$9.07
10.88%
Laundry Industry.
Average weekly wages—■ .
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
$11.80
$9.78
21.80%
$14.60
$9.83
12.22%
$14.58
$9.60
11.04%
$13.76
$9.48
6.76%
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
$14.23
$11.77
5.51<j
$16.54
$13.98
4.29%
$15.60
$13.86
4.52%
$15.72
$11.67
2.45%
Office Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years.....:	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
$16.53
$10.88
7.45%
$20.55
$12.75
3.46%
$20.35
$12.97
3.05%
$19.15
$11.73
1.81%
Manufacturing Industry.
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees.
$12.54
$9.57
28.04%
$16.74
$10.09
18.73%
I
$16.42
$10.34 |
17.19%     |
$15.45
$9.66
11.39%
Personal Service Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years..	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
$13.83
$6.96
15.38%
$17.41
$8.18
8.89%
$16.70
$9.43
10.74%
$15.22
$10.97
5.54%
Telephone and Telegraph.
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
$18.32
$7.85
.94% INSPECTIONS.
During the year the duties of the Inspector have been particularly strenuous; the additional
Court cases and increased amount collected on behalf of wage-earners calls for careful and
tactful preparation.
Valuable assistance could be rendered to the officials of the Board if employees would keep
a record of the hours worked each day, and also, as previously stated in this report, have a
definite understanding with their employers as to the terms of their employment.
CONCLUSION.
The Board desires to thank all those who during these serious times have assisted in the
enforcement of its nine Orders, and especially to the great number of employers who have
shown a willingness to abide by the rates now in force.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servants,
Adam Bell, Chairman.
Helen Gregory MacGill.
Thomas Mathews. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 73
APPENDIX.
"MINIMUM WAGE ACT."
Copies of the " Minimum Wage Act" will be mailed on request made to the Minimum Wage
Board, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
SUMMARY OF ORDERS.
For convenient reference a summary of the Orders now in force is herewith appended :-
MERCANTILE INDUSTRY.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Tears of Age or over.
$12.75.    Hourly rate, 26 Vie cents.
$7.50 for 1st  3
months.
$9.00 for 1st   3 months.
8.00
,   2nd 3
,,
10.00    „   2nd 3
8.50
,   3rd 3
,
11.00    „   3rd 3
9.00
,   4th 3
,
12.00    „   4th 3
9.50
,   5th 3
,
10.00
,   6th 3
,
Licences required in this
10.50
,   7th 3
,
class.
11.50
,   8th 3
'
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Maximum working-period 48 hours.
Order has been in force since January 1st, 1928, superseding Order of February 24th, 1919.
LAUNDRY, CLEANING, AND DYEING INDUSTRIES.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Experienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$13.50.    Hourly  rate,  28%   cents.
$8.00 for 1st   4 months.
$9.00 for 1st   4 months.
8.50    „   2nd 4
10.50    „   2nd 4
9.00    „   3rd 4
12.00    „   3rd 4
10.00    „   4th 4
11.00     „   5th 4
Licences required in this
12.00    „   6th 4
class.
Above rates are based on a 48-hour week.    Maximum working-period 48 hours,  governed  by
" Factories Act."
Order has been in force since March 31st, 1919.
PUBLIC HOUSEKEEPING OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers, janitresses, cooks, and kitchen
help in restaurants, hotels, tea-rooms, ice-cream parlours, light-lunch stands, and other places where
food is cooked, prepared, and served for which a charge is made; and the work of chambermaids, in
hotels, lodging-houses, and apartments where lodging is furnished, whether or not such establishments
are operated independently or in connection with any other business; and the work of all female
elevator operators. E 74
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
-
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.    Hourly rate, 29% cents.
$12.00
$12.00
Licences required in this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    In emergency cases 52 hours may be worked.    Time and
one-half shall be paid for work in excess of 48 hours and up to 52 hours.
When lodging is furnished, not more than $3 a week may be deducted for such lodging.
When board or meals are furnished, not more than $5.25 may be deducted for a full week's board
of 21 meals.    A fraction of a week's board shall be computed upon a proportional basis.
As elevator operators are required by law to pass an examination before running elevators, no
apprenticeship is permitted under the Minimum Wage Order.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
OFFICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed as stenographers, book-keepers, typists, billing clerks,
filing clerks, cashiers,  cash-girls   (not included in  other Orders),  checkers,  invoicers,  comptometer
operators, auditors, attendants in physicians' and dentists' offices, and all kinds of clerical help.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Experienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$15.    Monthly   rate,   $65.
Hourly   rate,   31%    cents.
$11.00 for 1st   6 months.
12.00    „   2nd 6
13.00    „   3rd 6        „
14.00    „   4th 6
$11.00 for 1st   3 months.
12.00    „   2nd 3
13.00    „   3rd 3
14.00    „   4th 3
Licences required in this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Maximum weekly working-period prescribed by Order, 48
hours.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed in manicuring, hairdressing, bartering, and other
work of like nature, or employed as ushers in theatres, attendants at shooting-galleries and other
public places of amusement, garages, and gasoline service stations, or as drivers of motor-cars and
other vehicles.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.25.    Hourly rate, 29 "/in cents.
$10.00 for 1st  6 months.
11.00    „   2nd 6
12.00    „   3rd 6
13.00    „   4th 6
*$10.00 for 1st  3 months.
11.00    „   2nd 3
* 12.00     „   3rd 3
13.00    „   4th 3
Licences required in this
class.
* These rates for learners do not apply to attendants at shooting-galleries and other public places of
amusement, garages, and gasoline service stations, or to drivers of motor-cars or other vehicles, for whom
no apprenticeship is deemed necessary.
Above rates are for 48-hour week, which is maximum permitted. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 75
Wages for Ushers.
Ushers in theatres, music-halls, concert-rooms, or the like, engaged after 6 p.m., on legal holidays,
and for special matinees, are entitled to a wage of not less than 30 cents an hour, with a minimum
payment of 75 cents.
Ushers working more than 18 hours a week, but not in excess of 36 hours, are entitled to not less
than $10.80 a week.     (Ushers in this category may be employed only between 1.30 p.m. and 11 p.m.)
Ushers working in excess of 36 hours a week up to 48 hours are entitled to not less than $14.25.
No distinction is made for ushers under 18 and over 18 years of age. No apprenticeship considered
necessary for ushers.
Order has been in force since September 15th, 1919.
FISHING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the washing, preparing, preserving, drying, curing,
smoking, packing, or otherwise adapting for sale or use, or for shipment, any kind of fish, except in
the case of canned fish.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.50.    Hourly rate, 32 '/M cents.
$12.75  for   1st   4  months.
13.75    „    2nd 4
14.75    „    3rd   4
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Order has been in force since February 28th, 1920.
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of all persons employed in connection with the operating of the various
instruments, switchboards, and other mechanical appliances used in connection with telephony and
telegraphy, and shall also include the work of all persons employed in the business or industry of the
operation of telephone or telegraph systems who are not governed by any other Order of the Board.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.00.    Hourly rate, 31% cents.
$11.00 for 1st   3 months.
12.00    „    2nd  3
13.00     „     3rd   3
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum hours permitted are 8 per day and 48 per week,
except in cases of emergency, when 56 hours may be worked. Time and one-half is payable for hours
in excess of 48.    Every employee must have one full day off duty in every week.
Where telephone and telegraph employees are customarily on duty between the hours of 10 p.m.
and 8 a.m., 10 hours on duty shall be construed as the equivalent of 8 hours of work in computing the
number of hours of employment a week.
In cases where employees reside on the employer's premises, the employer shall not be prevented
from making an arrangement with such employees to answer emergency calls between the hours of
10 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Order has been in force since April 5th, 1920, superseding Order of September 23rd, 1919.
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, assembling the parts of, and adapting for use or sale any article or
commodity, but excepting fish, fruit, and vegetable drying, canning, preserving, or packing. E 76
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Schedule 1.
Schedule 2.
Schedule 3.
$14.00. Hourly rate, 29 %
cents.
$8.00 for 1st   2 mos.
10.00    „   2nd  2    „
12.00    „   3rd   2    „
$8.00 for 1st   4 mos.
10.00    „   2nd  4    „
12.00    „   3rd   4    „
$7.00 for 1st   6 mos.
10.00    „   2nd  6    „
13.00    „   3rd   6    „
Licences required for inexperienced workers 18 years of age or over.
Schedule 1 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or
adapted for use or sale:   Tea, coffee, spices, essences, sauces, jelly-powders, baking-powders, molasses,
sugar, syrups, honey, peanut butter, cream and milk products, butter, candy, confectionery, biscuits,
macaroni, vermicelli, meats, soft drinks, yeast, cans, buttons, soap, paint, varnish, drug and toilet
preparations, photographs, ink, seeds, brooms, whisks, pails, wash-boards, wooden boxes, clothes-pins,
matches, explosives, munitions, gas-mantles, and window-shades.
Schedule 2 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or
adapted for use or sale:   Cotton bags, envelopes, overalls, shirts, ladies' and children's wear, gloves,
hats, caps, men's neckwear, water-proof clothing, tents, awnings, regalia, carpets, furniture, bedding,
pillow-covers,  loose  covers,  mattress-covers,   draperies,   casket   furnishings,   factory-made   millinery,
knitted goods, blankets, brushes, machine-made cigars, and dipped chocolates.
Schedule 8 applies to the following occupations, or to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or adapted for use or sale:  Bookbinding, embossing, engraving, printing,
dressmaking, men's and women's tailoring, ready-to-wear suits, paper boxes, jewellery, furs, leather
goods, hand-made cigars, boots, shoes, and hand-made millinery.
Schedule 3 does not apply to regularly indentured apprentices whose indentures have been approved
by the Minimum Wage Board.
The above rates are for a 48-hour week.    No employee shall be employed more than 8 hours a
day, nor more than 48 hours a week, except when permission has been granted under the provisions
of the " Factories Act."
Order has been in force since November 20th, 1923, superseding Order of September 1st, 1919.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in canning, preserving, drying, packing, or otherwise
adapting for sale or use, any kind of fruit or vegetable.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$14.40.    Hourly rate, 30 cents.
$11.00 for 1st 2 months.
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    For work over 48 hours, but not in excess of 10 hours a day,
wages shall be not less than 30 cents an hour for experienced workers, and for work in excess of
10 hours the rate shall be not less than 45 cents an hour.
For work over 8 hours, but not in excess of 10 hours a day, wages shall be not less than 23 cents
an hour for inexperienced workers, and for work in excess of 10 hours the rate shall be not less than
35 cents an hour.
Order has been in force since November 2nd, 1926, superseding Order of February 28th, 1920.
The following Emergency Order covering the Fruit and Vegetable Industry was  promulgated
June 15th, 1932, and is included in this Report for the information of all concerned:—■
Order No. 17a (Emergency).
RELATING TO FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
Effective June 15th, 1932, to November 15th, 1932.
Whereas on the 3rd day of September, 1926, an obligatory Order was issued by the Minimum
Wage Board relating to the fruit and vegetable industry under the  provisions  of  the  " Minimum REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 77
Wage Act," being chapter 173 of the " Revised Statutes of British Columbia, 1924," by paragraphs
2 and 3 of which Order a minimum wage in respect of the said industry was fixed for experienced
female employees therein:
And whereas the said Order became effective in sixty days from the said date thereof, and has
since been continuously in force :
And whereas the Board, in the exercise of the discretion vested in it by the said Act, and without
reconvening or calling any conference, has reopened the question respecting the minimum wage so
fixed by the said Order, and has considered the question:
Now the Board doth order, in amendment of the said Order of the 3rd day of September, 1926,
that for a period of five months from the 15th day of June, 1932, to the 15th day of November, 1932,
the minimum wage fixed by the said Order for experienced female employees in the fruit and
vegetable industry (including the respective rates per hour or per piece fixed in respect thereof) shall
be reduced by the deduction therefrom of ten per centum of the amount thereof, such reduction to
apply only in respect of employees who work forty-eight hours or more during a week of seven days;
and that except to the extent and for the period of five months herein provided the said Order of the
3rd day of September, 1926, shall continue in full force and effect as if this Order had not been made.
Dated the 14th day of June, 1932.
Adam Bell, Chairman,
Helen Gregory MacGill,
Thomas Mathews,
Members of the Minimum Wage Board.
ASSOCIATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.
The following list of organizations which have a direct connection with the employment of
labour has been compiled from the latest available information and does not include any which
has been established purely for social purposes.
Box Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman,
H. A. Renwick, B.C. Manufacturing Co., Ltd.,
New Westminster; Secretary, Hugh Dalton,
402 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
B.C. Hotels' Association—President, J. J. Kahn;
Vice-President, J. Churchill; Treasurer, J. J.
Wyard; Secretary, J. J. Walsh, 307-308 North
West Building, 509 Richardson Street, Vancouver. The above are the officers of this
Association until the annual meeting and election of officers takes place next May.
B.C. Loggers' Association—Chairman of the
Board of Directors, Sidney G. Smith, Bloedel,
Stewart & Welch Co., 1818 Marine Building,
Vancouver; Vice-Chairman, Roger L. Cobb,
Elk River Timber Co., Ltd., 1618 Marine Building, Vancouver; Secretary-Manager, R. V.
Stuart, 921 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Officers elected annually on January 15th.
B.C. Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association—President (1932), B. M. Farris, Great
Central Sawmills, Ltd., Great Central; Secretary, T. H. Wilkinson, 917 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually on
third  Thursday in  January.
Building & Construction Industries Exchange of
B.C.—President, Col. W. W. Foster; Vice-
President, W. N. O'Neil; Secretary, R. J.
Lecky, 342 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Canadian Jewellers' Association (B.C. Section) —
President, Frank McElroy ; Secretary-Treasurer,
A. Fraser Reid, 1635 Napier Street, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division) ; Provincial Headquarters, 701-7 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver—Chairman, F. C.
Brown, Canada Western Cordage Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (Victoria
Branch), 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria—■
Chairman, W. A. Luney, Victoria Brick Co.,
Ltd., Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 119
Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Canadian Storage & Transferrin's Association
(for year June, 1931, to June, 1932)—President, George H. McKeag, Security Storage Co.,
Ltd., Portage Avenue and Huntleigh Street,
AVinnipeg, Manitoba; Secretary, E. A. Quigley,
Suite 10, 423 Hamilton Street, Vancouver.
This Association has Board of Directors in
each Province.
Canned Salmon Section, B.O. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, AI.
Hager, Canadian Fishing Co., Ltd., Vancouver ; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender
Street West, Vancouver; Assistant Secretary
of Section, R. M. Winslow, 705, 402 Pender
Street West, Vancouver.
Feed Products Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, A. C.
Foreman, Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. V. Robinson, 701
B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Fertilizer Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, F. Smelts, B.C. Electric Railway Co.,
Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, R. V. Robinson,
701 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
General Contractors' Association—President, J.
P. Hodgson; Vice-President. W. E. Jenkins;
Secretary, R. J. Lecky, 342 Pender Street
West, Vancouver.
Jam Manufacturers' Association, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, C. D. Hunter, Empress Manufacturing
Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton,
402 Pender Street West, Vancouver. E 78
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Meal, Oil & Salt Fish Section, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, G. A. Birks, Northern Packing Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. M. Winslow, 705 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Section, Canadian Manufacturers'
Association (B.C. Division)—Chairman, D. A.
Mcintosh, Letson & Burpee, Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining
Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, E. W.
Izard, Yarrows, Ltd., Esquimalt; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Millwork Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, G. B. Russell, Arbutus Sash & Door Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining
Building, Vancouver.
Mining Association of B.C.—President, Dale L.
Pitt, Premier; Secretary, H. Mortimer-Lamb,
905 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association—
President, H. P. Klinestiver, Lumberton; Secretary-Treasurer, I. R. Poole, 204 Trades Building, Calgary, Alberta. Officers elected at annual meeting held in January.
Printers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, P. H. Murphy, Murphy & Chapman, Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Printers' Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, A. F.
Stevens, Acme Press, Ltd., Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 119 Pemberton Building,
Victoria.
Retail Merchants' Association of Canada, Inc.,
B.C. Board—President, J. M. Watson, Vancouver ; First Vice-President, R. T. Wilson, Nanaimo ; Second Vice-President, J. F. Scott,
Cranbrook; Treasurer, Wm. Kerr, New Westminster ; Dominion Representative, D. H. Kent,
Vancouver; Secretary, Geo. R. Mathews, Vancouver ; Head Provincial Office at 420 Pacific
Building, Vancouver.    Branches are established
at Cranbrook, Nanaimo, Revelstoke, and Vancouver. At New Westminster there is a District Branch serving the principal towns of the
Lower Fraser Valley; Secretary, D. Stuart, of
this District Branch has offices at 4 Hart
Block, New Westminster.
Shipping Federation of B.C., Ltd.—President,
Captain E. Aikman; Vice-President, H. A.
Stevenson; Treasurer, W. H. Walton; Manager and Secretary, Major W. C. D. Crombie,
Shipping Federation Building, 45 Dunlevy Avenue,   Vancouver;   Directors,   D.   M.   Cameron,
F. H. Clendenning, C. A. Cotterell, W. M.
Crawford, B. W. Greer, R. L. Mason, K. A.
McLennan, R. G. Parkhurst, F. J. Pickett,
R. D. AVilliams, and A. Wood. Meets for election of officers in January of each year.
Spruce Manufacturers' Association—President,
J. F. McMillan, Edmonton, Alberta; Secretary, I. R. Poole, Calgary, Alberta. Membership includes mills in Northern B.C. and Prairie Provinces. General meetings usually held
in Calgary or Edmonton. No set date for annual meeting, but expect it to be held in May'.
Address of Secretary, 204 Traders Building,
Calgary.
Shipyards' Section, Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division—Chairman, A. H.
Seaton, B.C. Marine Engineers & Shipbuilders,
Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, R. V. Robinson,
701 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Vancouver Association of Electragists—President,
C. H. E. Williams, 509 Richards Street, Vancouver ; Hon. Secretary, J. C. Reston, 579
Howe Street, Vancouver; Office, 425 Pacific
Building. Officers elected annually in September.
Vancouver Association of Sanitary & Heating
Engineers—President, C. Walter Murray, 716
Richards Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Robert
G. Hargreaves, 425 Pacific Building, Vancouver.    Officers elected annually in June.
Victoria Bread & Cake Manufacturers' Association—President, J. T. Taylor, c/o Rennie &
Taylor, Ltd., Victoria.
Victoria Builders' Exchange, Ltd.—Secretary, W.
J. Hamilton, 1712 Douglas Street, Victoria. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 79
UNION DIRECTORY.
We have endeavoured to give an up-to-date directory of trade organizations and their
officials covering the whole Province, and we desire to thank those union secretaries who were
prompt in returning our questionnaire.
It is regretted that many officials did not reply to our letters, and we have assumed that
their organization is no longer in existence and have struck them from the list.
The Department will be pleased at all times to receive any changes in the published list
which may be made from time to time, and would appreciate being advised of any new organizations desiring to be listed in the next publication.
TRADES AND LABOUR CONGRESS OF
CANADA.
President, Tom Moore, 172 McLaren Street,
Ottawa; Secretary-Treasurer, P. M. Draper,
172 McLaren Street, Ottawa.
B.C. EXECUTIVE OF TRADES & LABOUR
CONGRESS OF CANADA.
Chairman, Colin McDonald, 529 Beatty Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, Fred Hoover, 2409
Clarke Drive, Vancouver.
TRADES AND LABOUR COUNCILS.
Prince Rupert—President, S. D. McDonald, P.O.
Box 268, Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. Derry,
Box 498, Prince Rupert. Meets at Carpenters' Hall on second Thursday in each month
at 8 p.m.
Vancouver, New Westminster and District—
President, Colin McDonald, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver; General Secretary-Treasurer,
P. R. Bengough, Room 200, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets first and third Tuesdays of each month at Labour Headquarters at
8 p.m.
National Labour Council of Vancouver—President, W. M. Dennies, 2045 Maple Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, Geo. B. Macaulay, Room
30, 163 Hastings Street West. Meets at 163
Hastings Street West on the first and third
Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Vancouver Building Trades Council—President,
E. H. Morrison, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver ; Secretary, W. Page, Office 301, Labour
Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on second and fourth Tuesdays
in each month at 8 p.m.
Victoria Trades and Labour Council—President,
V. R. Midgley, Scott Building, Douglas Street,
Victoria ; Secretary, J- Wilson, 1008 Balmoral
Road, Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on the first
and third Wednesdays in the month at Trades
Building, Courtney Street.
DISTRICT LODGES AND COUNCILS.
Allied Printing Trades Council.
Vancouver—President, F. J. Milne, 2029 Pendrell
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, W. H. Draper,
2171 AVest First Avenue, Vancouver. Meets at
529-31 Beatty Street, Vancouver, on fourth
Monday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Victoria—President, W. W. Laing, 125 Linden
Avenue,  Victoria;   Secretary,  Wm.  O.  Clunk,
1024 Myrtle Street, Victoria. Meets at Room
411, Bank of Toronto Building, at 8 p.m. on
last Thursday in month.
British Columbia  Federation of Civic and
Municipal Employees.
President, W. J. Scribbens, 3208 Pender Street
East, Vancouver; Secretary, H. R. Simmers,
3675 Fifteenth Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at call of Chair.
Electrical Communication Workers of Canada.
British Columbia District Council No. 1—District
Chairman, B. W. Mugford, P.O. Box 837, Vancouver ; Secretary, Joseph Haegert, P.O. Box
837, Vancouver.    Meets at call of Committee.
TRADE UNIONS.
Ashcroft.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 210—President, J. D. Nicol,
Box 222, Kamloops; Secretary, R. Halliday,
3481 Georgia Street East, Vancouver. Meets
at Ashcroft at 7.30 p.m. on third Saturday of
March,  June,  September,  and December.
Corbin.
Corbin Miners' Association, Local No. 3, Sub.
Dist. No. 1—President, J. Podgornik, Corbin;
Secretary, J. Press, Corbin. Meets in Union
Hall every second Sunday at 7 p.m.
Cranbrook.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. 308—Secretary, John MacDonald, c/o
Cranbrook Brewing Co., Cranbrook.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
563—President, Hugh J. Brock, Box 551,
Cranbrook ; Secretary, G. A. Hennessy, Drawer
878, Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Mondays in Maple Hall.
Machinists, International, No. 588—President,
W. Henderson, Box 327, Cranbrook; Secretary,
R. J. Laurie, Box 544, Cranbrook. Meets at
W. J. Flower's residence on third Sunday in
each month at 3 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
229—President, Albin Eliason, Baker; Secretary, G. C. Brown, P.O. Box 739, Cranbrook.
No set date.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No.   407—President,   AV.   J.   Leonard,   Cran- E 80
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
brook; Secretary, Geo. Kirwan, P.O. Box 451,
Cranbrook. Meets at Cranbrook on second
Sunday in month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 173—President, James Sims, Cranbrook ; Secretary, J. F. Lynn, 200 Durick Avenue, Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. at I.O.O.F.
Hall, Norbury Avenue, on first Wednesday in
month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Express & Station
Employees, Mount Baker Lodge, No. 1292—
President, John Philpott, Cranbrook; Secretary, E. G. Dingley, Box 728, Cranbrook.
Meets in A.O.O.F. Hall on second and fourth
Sundays at 3 p.m.
Essondale.
Mental Hospital Attendants' Union, No. 35 (T. &
L.C.)—President, John Gibson, Colony Farm,
Essondale; Secretary, J. McD. Nicholson, Essondale. Meets second Thursday of each month
at 7 p.m. at Essondale.
Fernie.
Miners' Association (Independent), British Columbia—President, John K. Brown, Fernie;
Secretary, W. A. Harrison, Box 595, Fernie.
Meets at Miners' Hall, Fernie, every third
Thursday at 7.30 p.m. during summer, and
every third Sunday during winter at 7.30 p.m.
Golden.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
165—President, J. Blysak, Golden; Secretary,
W. Randle, Field. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall,
Golden, on first Sunday of each quarter at
6 p.m.
Kamloops.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Div. No.
821—President, W. H. Govett, Kamloops; Secretary, T. J. O'Neill, Box 753, Kamloops.
Meets at Orange Hall on first and third Sundays in month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Div.
No. 611—President, F. R. B. Gange, Box 267,
Kamloops; Secretary, H. B. Battison, Box 337,
Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops,
on second and fourth Sundays in month at 2.30
p.m.
Natal.
B.C. Miners' Association—President, J. C. Smith,
Michel; Secretary, Simeon AVeaver, Natal.
Meets every second Friday at 7 p.m. in the Mission Hall, Natal.
Nanaimo.
Carpenters, Amalgamated, of Canada—President,
Wm. Little, 9 McLeary Street, Nanaimo; Secretary, John Kerr, 123 Craig Street. Meets at
Occidental Hotel on second and fourth Tuesdays at 8 p.m.
Nelson.
Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen, Local No. 196—Secretary, R. M. Burgess, Box 657, Nelson. Meets at Nelson at
8 p.m. on fourth Thursday in month.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, E. J.
Hoskey Division, No. 579—President, L. L.
Boomer, Box 664, Nelson; Secretary, E. Jeff-
cott, Box 214, Nelson. Meets at Canadian
Legion Building on Sundays at 10.30 a.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, United Brotherhood of, Nelson Lodge, Local No. 181—President, B. Melneruk, Nelson; Secretary, C. Holm,
Eholt. Meets on last Sunday in each quarter
at 10.30 a.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 9S—President, D. H. Heddle, Hall
Mines Road, Nelson; Secretary, G. B. Abbott,
Box 722, Nelson. Meets in K. of P. Hall,
Baker Street, Nelson, on Tuesday at 7.30 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Div.
No. 460—Chief Conductor, G. AV. Allan, Nelson; Secretary, A. B. Hall, 324 Gore Street,
Box 986, Nelson. Meets in Canadian Legion
Building at 1.30 p.m. on second Sunday in
month.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Kootenay
Lodge, No. 558—Secretary, A. Kirby, 820 Carbonate Street (Box 258), Nelson. Meets at
Canadian Legion Building at 10 a.m. on second
Sunday in month.
New Westminster.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 573—President, C. Moir, Bayles' Barber
Shop, New Westminster; Secretary, Geo.
Yorkton, 765 Columbia Street, New AVestmin-
ster. Meets at 765 Columbia Street on fourth
Thursday in month at 7 p.m.
Carpenters, Amalgamated, of Canada, New AVest-
minster Branch—President, A. J. Manzer, 1406
Edinburgh Street, New Westminster; Secretary, AV. Taylor, 3030 Miller Avenue, New
Westminster. Meets at Hart Block, New
AVestminster, on second and fourth AVednesdays
at 8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1251—President, E. J. Barrett, 3342 Melville Street, New Westminster;
Recording Secretary, AAT. A. Robertson, 224
Eleventh Street, New AVestminster. Meets at
Labour Temple on first and third Thursdays
in month at 8 p.m.
Civic Employees of New AVestminster, Union of—
President Dave McWaters, 711 Fifth Avenue,
New Westminster; Secretary, Rees Morgan,
314 Regina Street, New AArestminster. Meets
at Labour Temple at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday in
month.
Civil Servants of Canada (Amalgamated) —
President, R. A. Cheale, Edinburgh Street, New
Westminster; Secretary, G. H. Jameson, 1814
Eighth Avenue, New AVestminster. Meets at
25 Hart Block, New AVestminster, on third
Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
256—President, AV. Matthew, 910 London
Street, New AVestminster; Secretary, C. J.
Highsted, 1230 Ewen Avenue, New Westminster. Meets at No. 1 Fire Hall once every
month at 8 p.m.
Fishermen's Protective Association of B.C. Local
No. 14—President, Leonard Peterson, Suns-
bury; Secretary, Wm. E. Maiden, Box 427,
New Westminster. Meets at New Westminster
on first Saturday of each month at 3.30 p.m. REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 81
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 280—President, J. H. Garrod, 312
Eighth Street, New AVestminster; Secretary,
AV. E. Bradley, 3020 Wilson Avenue, New
AVestminster. Meets at Canadian Legion Hall,
Begbie Street, New Westminster, on third Friday in month at 6 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, No. 134—President, S. I. Hearst, 1412 Seventh Avenue, New
AVestminster; Secretary, A. J. Bond, 531 Four-
teeth Street, New Westminster. Meets in
Labour Temple at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
Tuesdays in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
632—Secretary, R. A. Stoney, Box 754, New
Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple at
10.30 a.m. on last Sunday in each month.
Penticton.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1426—Secretary, T. Bradley, Penticton. Meets
on first Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
914—President, Herbert Nicolson, Penticton ;
Secretary, AV. B. McCallum, Penticton. Meets
at Odd Fellows' Hall, Penticton, on first and
third Mondays of each month at 2.30 p.m.
Prince George.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
202—President, F. P. Donavan, Hansard; Secretary, C. H. Weaver, Hulton via Sinclair
Mills. Meets at McBride and Prince George
about end of each quarter.
Railroad Employees, Local No. 28—President, J.
Roberts, Prince George; Secretary, A. G.
Campbell, Box 138, Prince George. Meets at
Tenth Avenue, Prince George, on first Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 620—Chief Conductor, R. J. Thompson,
Prince George; Secretary, AValter Parks,
Prince George. Meets in Prince George on
second and fourth Sundays in month at 8 p.m.
Prince  Rupert.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1735—President, Geo. Dun-
gate, P.O. Box 500, Prince Rupert; Secretary,
J. S. Black, Box 694, Prince Rupert. Meets
in Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third
AVednesdays of each month.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union of the Pacific—
Secretary-Treasurer, P. B. Gill, Box 65, Seattle.
Meets in Seattle.
Electrical AArorkers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 344—President, T. B. Black, Box
457, Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. W. Stamp-
Vincent, Box 457, Prince Rupert. Meets in
Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first Monday in
month.
Longshoremen's Association, No. 2, Canadian
Federation of Labour—President, Sydney V.
Cox, Box 531, Prince Rupert; Secretary, Wm.
T. Pilford, Box 531, Prince Rupert. Meets in
Longshoremen's Hall on first Monday in month
at 8 p.m.
6
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 426—President, F. Derry, Box 498,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, E. AV. Tucker, Box
527, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters'
Hall, Eighth Street, Prince Rupert, at 8 p.m.
on second Monday of each month.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Division No. 154—President, N. AV. Apple-
yard, Box 679, Prince Rupert; Secretary,
H. R. Hill, Box 679, Prince Rupert. Meet in
Ladies' Waiting-room, Station Depot, on third
Monday at 7.30 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Local No. 510—
President, AAT. S. Hammond, General Delivery,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, James Black, Box
866, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters'
Hall at 8 p.m. on first Friday of each month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
413—President, S. D. MacDonald, Box 268,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. N. Campbell, Box
689, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters'
Hall at 7.30 p.m. on last Thursday of each
month.
Revelstoke.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 407—President, Antonio Corrento, Revelstoke; Secretary,
Jas. M. Goble, Box 283, Revelstoke. Meets in
Selkirk Hall on the fourth Saturday of each
month at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
657—President, AV. B. Donaldson, Box 413,
Revelstoke; Secretary, J. P. Purvis, Box 27,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on first and
third Tuesdays of. each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 341—President, S. J. Spurgeon,
Revelstoke; Secretary, A. McKenzie, Box 459,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall, Revelstoke, on second and fourth AVednesdays. of
each month at 2 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 258—President, C. T. Holten, Revelstoke;
Secretary, R. S. AA'atson, Box 209, Revelstoke.
Meets in Smyth's Hall at 2 p.m. on first Monday of each month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
208—President, R. AVyman, Revelstoke; Secretary, T. Bysoult, Revelstoke. Meets in
Smyth's Hall at 2 p.m. on first Sunday after
15th of every quarter.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 481—President, A. N. Watt, Box
111, Revelstoke; Secretary, Chas. Lundell, Box
213, Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at
8 p.m. on third Tuesday of each month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Mount
Stephen Division, No. 487—President, J. M.
McDonald, 4th Street East, Revelstoke; Secretary, J. Knox, Box 212, Revelstoke. Meets
in Selkirk Hall on second Monday of each
month at 2.30 p.m.
Smithers.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
Ill—President, F. V. Foster, Smithers; Secretary, S. J. Mayer, Smithers. Meets at
Smithers on first and third Tuesdays in month
at 2 p.m. E 82
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
No. 1415 (Bulkley-)—President, J. S. Cathroe,
Smithers; Secretary, G. AV. Smith, Smithers.
Meets at Smithers on first Thursday in month
at 7 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Farthest
North Lodge, No. 869—President, AV. D. Mox-
ley, Prince Rupert; Secretary, G. H. Rife,
Box 168, Smithers. Meets at Town Hall,
Smithers, on first and third Mondays of each
month at 8.30 p.m.
Squamish.
Railway Carmen of America, Mount Garibaldi
Lodge, Brotherhood of, No. 1419—President,
T. E. Rae, Squamish; Secretary, W. A.
Mahood, Squamish. Meets on second Tuesday
at 8 p.m. in the Elks' Rooms, Squamish.
Steveston.
Steveston Fishermen's Benevolent Society—Secretary, G. Takahiski, Box 54, Steveston. Meets
at Steveston on second Saturday of each month.
Three  Forks.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 173—President. Joe Mikus, Three Forks ;
Secretary, T. H. Horner, Kaslo. Meets at
Three Forks on the first Sunday of each month
at 1.30 p.m.
Vancouver.
Bakery & Confectionery Workers, Local No. 468
—President, R. P. Davis, Vancouver; Secretary, J. D. Inkster, 1124 Burrard Street, Vancouver. Meets in Labour Headquarters on
first Saturday of month at 7 p.m.
Bakery Salesmen, Local No. 189—Secretary,
Birt Showier, 529 Beatty Street. Meets at
529 Beatty Street second Tuesday at 8 p.m.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 120—President, Sam Grant, 320 Howe
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, C. E. Her-
rett, Room 304, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Room 3, 529 Beatty Street, on fourth
Tuesday in month at 8 p.m.
Beverage Dispensers' Union No. 676—President,
W. J. Galvin, 1202 Granville Street, Vancouver; Secretary, T. J. Hanafin, Room 1, 535
Homer Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on second Friday and last Sunday of month at 10 a.m. and 8 p.m.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 151—President, W. J. Bartlett, 1156 Howe Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. Arman, 2048 Second
Avenue AVest, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters at 8 p.m. on fourth Friday of
each month.
Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders' Union of
Canada, Local No. 1—President, Joseph
AVright, 2731 Twenty-third Street East, Vancouver ; Secretary, J. Brokenshire, 1770 Pender Street East. Meets at 163 Hastings Street
West on the second and fourth Fridays of each
month at 8.30 p.m.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 194—President, Chas. McMillan, 1415 Nelson Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. Fraser, 5079 Ross Street,
Vancouver. Meets at Labour Hall, Beatty
Street, at 8 p.m. on first and third Mondays.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 105—President, Mrs. Anna Harvey, 4487
Quebec Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Fred
Kensilla, 3131 Portland Street, Highland Park,
New Westminster. Meets at Business Women's
Club, 603 Hastings Street West, on second
Tuesday of each month at 8 p.m.
Bricklayers, Masons' International Union of
America, Local No. 1, B.C.—President, Lawrence Padgett, 2066 AVest Eighth Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Wm. S. Dagnall, 1442
Twentieth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at
Labour Headquarters on second and fourth
Wednesdays in month at 8 p.m.
Bridge & Structural Iron Workers, International
Association of, Local No. 97—Secretary, Paul
Lauret, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver.
Meets at 311 Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m.
each Tuesday.
Bridge, Structural, Ornamental, Reinforced Ironworkers, Pile Drivers & Riggers, Local No. 1—
President, A. Andrew, 163 Hastings Street
West, Vancouver; Secretary, AV. S. McKenzie,
163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver. Meets
at 8 p.m. every first and third Thursday in
Room 30, 163 Hastings Street AVest, Vancouver.
Camp and Mill Workers, No. 31—Secretary, K.
Tsuyuki, 544 Powell Street, Vancouver. Meets
every second AVednesday at 544 Powell Street
East at 8 p.m.
Canadian Pacific Express Employees, Brotherhood of, Local No. 15—Secretary, E. Hill, 1916
Sixty-third Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at
Eagle Hall on first Tuesday of each month at
8 p.m.
Carpenters of Canada, Amalgamated, Branch No.
1—President, George Richardson, 3856 Oxford
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. McKinley, 817
Fiftieth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at
163 Hastings Street West at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Tuesdays of each month.
Carpenters of Canada, Amalgamated (Shipyard),
Branch No. 2—President, Albert E. Arnold,
209 Twenty-fifth Street AVest, North Vancouver ; Secretary, AVm. Bray, 72 Sixteenth Avenue AA7est, Vancouver. Meets at Flack Building, 163 Hastings Street West, on the first and
third Tuesdays of month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of,
Local No. 452—President, Frank Woodroe, 529
Beatty Street, Vancouver; Secretary, R. W.
Hatley, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 529 Beatty Street at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Mondays in month.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of
(Floorlayers), No. 1875—President, Oscar
Soderman, 4010 Burns Street, Vancouver; Secretary, John McDonald, 2905 Twelfth Avenue
AVest, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters, Vancouver, on first and third Thursdays
at 8 p.m.
City Hall Employees' Association, No. 59—President, E. Mitten, 843 Thirteenth Avenue East,
Vancouver; Secretary, J. Tarbuck, 3517
Twenty-fifth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets
at 195 Pender Street East, Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on first AVednesday of each month.
Civic Employees' Union, Local No. 28—President,
Jack AVood, 4571 Fraser Street, Vancouver;
Secretary-Treasurer,    George   Harrison,    3427 REPORT OF DEPUTY MINISTER, 1931.
E 83
Triumph Street, Vancouver. Meets first and
third Fridays in the month at 195 East Pender
Street at 8 p.m.
Electrical Trades Union, Canadian—President,
Robert S. Milne, 1121 Barclay Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, AA7m. Shepherd, 163 Hastings
Street West, Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street AA7est on first and third Thursdays
at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 213—Secretary and Business Agent,
E. H. Morrison, Room 201, 531 Beatty Street.
Meets at Hall No. 1, Labour Headquarters, 531
Beatty  Street, on first and third Mondays at
8 p.m.
Engineers, National Union, Local No. 3—President, T. T. Rutherford, 2065 Triumph Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, J. E. Brown, 3435
McGill Street, Vancouver. Meets second and
fourth Mondays in each month at 8 p.m., Room
36, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver.
Fire Fighters, B.C. Provincial Association of—
Secretary, C. A. AVatson, 1624 Eighth Avenue
East, Vancouver.
Fire Fighters, No. 18, International Association
of—President, Neil MacDonald, 1136 McLean
Drive; Financial Secretary, C. A. AVatson,
1624 Eighth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets
at 195 Pender Street East alternate first or
third Thursday monthly at 10 a.m. and 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, Local No. 296—Secretary, Wm.
Thompson, 225 Fifteenth Street AVest, North
Vancouver. Meets in Fire Hall, Thirteenth
Street East, on first Monday of month at
7.30 p.m.
Firemen & Oilers, Local No. 289—President O. L.
AVark, 2162 Forty-seventh Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. Sutherland, 2049 Turner
Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Temple
every AVednesday at 8 p.m.
Glass Blowers' Association, No. 53—Secretary,
R. Cranswick, 4251 Oxford Street, Vancouver.
Meets in Hotel Ivanhoe on first and third Fridays at 5 p.m.
Granite Cutters' International Association of
America—President, Robert C. Smart, 2684
Trinity Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Wm.
Morrice, 2228 Kitchener Street, Vancouver.
Meets on third Friday of month at O'Brien
Hall, Hastings Street, at 7.30 p.m.
Hotel & Restaurant Employees & International
Alliance and Bartenders' International League
of America, No. 28 (Cooks and AAraiters)—
President, J. R. Kitto, 413 Granville Street,
Arancouver; Secretary and Business Agent,
Harry Wood, 37-39 Williams Building, 413
Granville Street. Meets at 37-39 AVilliams
Building, 413 Granville Street, on second and
last  Mondays  of  each  month  at  3  p.m.  and
9 p.m.
Jewellery Workers' International Union, Local
No. 42—President, W. T. Cran, 5568 Bruce
Street, Vancouver. Secretary, E. G. Howells,
3107 Thirty-sixth Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at 529 Beatty Street on first Thursday
in month at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Kamloops
Division, No. 320—President, G. P. Boston,
1763 Third Avenue AVest, Vancouver; Secretary, S. H. Stingley, 523 Burrard Street, Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on second and
fourth Tuesdays in month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Local No.
656—President, G. P. Boston, 1763 Third Avenue AVest, Vancouver ; Secretary, S. H. AVater-
house, 3438 Pandora Street. Meets at I.O.O.F.
Hall on first Tuesday of each month.
Lumber Handlers' Association (Independent) —
President, M. McGrath, 696 Powell Street,
Vancouver; Business Agent, Jas. Greer, 696
Powell Street, Vancouver. Meets on third
Thursday of the month at 8 p.m. at 696 Powell
Street.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 182—President, George Lyle, 2240 Parker
Street; Secretary, Jas. H. AVallace, 2170
Trutch Street, Vancouver. Meets second and
fourth Fridays at 8 p.m. in Labour Hall, Vancouver.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 692—Secretary, Percy R. Bengough, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets at 531
Beatty Street at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
Tuesdays.
Mailers' Union, No. 70—President, A. R. C.
Holmes, 6439 Cypress Street, Vancouver; Secretary, H. E. E. Fader, 2718 Oxford Street,
Vancouver. Meets in Labour Headquarters on
first Tuesday of each month at 5.30 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, No. 31—President, J. Firkins, Spences Bridge; Secretary,
R. McClure, 4269 Victoria Drive, Vancouver.
Meets at Vancouver and Kamloops alternately.
Day of meeting first Sunday in every second
month at 1 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1734—President, E. S. Collins, 815 Kent Street,
Sapperton; Secretary, John Roscow, 14 Fourteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at
Eagle Hall at 10.30 a.m. on last Sunday in
month.
Marine Engineers, National Association of, No. 7
—President, Fred Slater, 319 Pender Street
AVest, Vancouver; Secretary, E. Read, 319
Pender Street AVest, Vancouver. Meets at 319
Pender Street AArest on second and fourth Fri-
'days at 8 p.m.
Milk Wagon Drivers & Dairy Employees, Local
No. 464—President, J. Patterson, 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, B. Showier, 529
Beatty Street, Arancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Fridays in month.
Millwrights' Union, No. 1638—Recording Secretary, J. Murray-Ure, 3007 Thirty-eighth Avenue West. Meets on second and fourth AAred-
nesdays in Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m.
Moulders of North America, International Union
of, Local No. 281—President, John Browne,
638 Broadway West, Vancouver; Secretary,
D. B. McCormack, 677 Sixteenth Avenue, New
Westminster. Meets at Labour Headquarters,
Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first and third Fridays
in month.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Union), Local No. 145—
President, J. Bowyer, 2704 Fourth Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, E. A. Jamieson,
319 Pender Street West, Vancouver. Meets at
G.AV.V.A. Auditorium, 856 Seymour Street,
Vancouver, at 10 a.m. on second Sunday in
month. E 84
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Painters, Decorators & Paperhangers of America,
Local No. 138—Secretary, Ed. Smith, 5216 St.
Catherines Street, Vancouver. Meets at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Thursdays in each month
at 529 Beatty Street, Arancouver.
Pattern Makers' Union of British Columbia—
President, Harry Mackay, 6952 Knight Road,
Vancouver; Secretary, Albert Hooper, 3336
Fraser Avenue, Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street AArest on first Friday of every month
at 8 p.m.
Photo Engravers' Union of North America, Local
No. 54—President, Wade Swea ringer, 46 East
Fifty-second Avenue, Vancouver; Secretary, AV.
Pumfrey, 3835 Twenty-sixth Avenue AVest,
Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters,
529 Beatty Street, A'ancouver, at 7.30 p.m. on
first Wednesday in month.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, AATharf & Dock Builders,
Local No. 2404—President, A. E. Jones, Box
320, A'ancouver; Secretary, S. O'Conner, Box
320, Vancouver ; Financial Secretary, J. Thompson, Box 320, Vancouver. Meets at 122 Hastings Street AATest at 8 p.m. each Friday.
Plasterers & Cement Finishers, International Association of the United States and Canada,
Local No. 89—President, M. R. Strickland, 485
East Forty-fourth Street, Arancouver; Secretary, Alfred Hurry, 1115 Thirty-third Avenue
East, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street
at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday in month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
170—President, Val Person, 787 Fifty-seeond
Avenue East, A'ancouver; Secretary and Business Agent, Wm. AAratt, 3346 Tenth Avenue
East, A'ancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street
at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Fridays.
Policemen's Union, Local No. 12—President, Andrew Campbell, 2248 Triumph Street, Arancouver ; Secretary, AV. J. Bridgman, 3656 Fourteenth Street AA'est, Arancouver. Meets at 529
Beatty Street at 7.30 p.m. on AVednesdays in
month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 69—President AV. AV. Quigley, 2047 Second Avenue
AVest, Arancouver; Secretary, Thos. S. Ezart,
1603 Fortieth Avenue East, South Vancouver.
Meets at Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m. on
second Tuesday in month.
Projectionists' Society, B.C., Local No. 348—■
Business Agent, J. R. Foster, 3050 Oak Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, John C. Richards, Box
345, Vancouver. Meets in Labour Headquarters at 10 a.m. on the first Thursday in every
month.
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood, Vancouver Division, No. 189—President, G. Johnson, Mount Lehman; Secretary, F. Kent, 2503
Hersham Street, New AVestminster. Meets at
Canadian Legion Hall, New Westminster, on
first Sunday every third month at 12 noon.
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Local Division, No. 82—President, J. Hulme,
1937 Forty-fourth Avenue AVest, Vancouver;
Secretary, T. M. Sullivan, 2715 Dundas Street,
Vancouver. Meets at Ivanhoe Hotel, no set
date.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, No. 144—
President, G. H. Patterson, 892 Hornby Street,
Vancouver;   Secretary, R.  T. Houghton, 3825
Lanark Street, Vancouver. Meets at Odd Fellows' Hall, corner Hamilton and Pender
Streets, on first Tuesday and third Sunday in
month at 2.30 and 7.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Lodge, No. 58—
President, A. S. Ross, 5806 Sophia Street;
Recording Secretary, J. D. Valliamy, 2215 AA7est
Fifteenth Street, Vancouver. Meets first and
third Fridays in month at Labour Headquarters.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 267—President, J. W. Snoop, 1146
Broughton, Vancouver; Secretary, J. B.
Physick, 1156 Thurlow Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday at
2 p.m.
Railway Mail Clerks' Association—President F.
AAr. Hitchcock, 3403 Twenty-seventh Avenue
East, Vancouver. Secretary, S. C. Bate, 3025
Second Avenue AVest, Vancouver. Meets in
Post Office Building, Vancouver, at 2.30 p.m.
on last Tuesday of month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 630—President, J. Brodie, 1434 Eighth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, AV. J.
Mason, 3116 Thirteenth Avenue AVest, Vancouver. Meets at Moose Hall, Burrard Street,
on second Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
Local 46—Secretary, F. H. Fallows, 1504 St.
Andrews Street, North Vancouver. Meets in
I.O.O.F. Hall, Vancouver, on fourth Friday at
8 p.m.
Retail Employees' Association No. 1 (Independent), Vancouver—President, Sidney J. Blight,
481 Forty-fourth Avenue East, Arancouver;
Secretary, AArm. Ashton, 426 Fourteenth Avenue AArest, Vancouver. Meets at Room 27, 448
Seymour Street, on first Thursday in month
at 6.30 p.m.
Sheet Metal AVorkers, Local No. 280—President,
Thomas E. Burke, 3557 Dundas Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, Daniel Macpherson, No. 308,
529 Beatty Street, Vancouver. Meets at Room
3, 529 Beatty Street, at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Thursdays.
Sheet Metal Workers (Railroad), No. 314—
President, H. H. Swinden, 2265 Fourteenth
Avenue West, Vancouver ; Secretary, Geo. Watson, 1909 Nineteenth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets on second Friday of each month at
Labour Headquarters, 529 Beatty Street, at
8 p.m.
Sign and Pictorial Painters, Local Union 726—
Vancouver and Vicinity—President, J. B.
Collin, 4462 John Street, Vancouver; Secretary, AVm. O. Clarkson, 1823 Kitchener Street,
Vancouver. Meets in Room 315, Labour
Temple, Vancouver, on first and third Thursdays of each month at 8 p.m.
Shingle Weavers, Local No. 17813—President,;
Fred Stevenson, 426 Tenth Avenue East, North
Vancouver; Secretary, E. Lockhart, 8631 Montcalm Street, Vancouver. Meets first and third
Sundays in Labour Temple at 7.30 p.m.
Steam Engineers, International, Local No. 963—
President, Hugh Alexander, 2030 First Street.
East, Vancouver; Secretary, AVm. R. Crawford,   1539  Parker  Street,  Vancouver.    Meets at Labour Temple on first Tuesday in each
month at 8 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International
Union of, Local No. 115—President, Frank L.
Hunt, 3650 Seventeenth Street AVest, Vancouver ; Secretary, George Pettepiece, 3715 AVest
Twentieth Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters at 8 p.m. every first and third
Friday.
Stereotypers & Electrotypers, International Union
of, Local No. 88—President, M. Boyd, 1965
Cornwall Street, Vancouver; Secretary, E.
Preston, 2707 Heather Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Labour Headquarters on second Monday in month at 7 p.m.
Stone-cutters, Association of North America—
President, John Marshall, 4708 Beatrice Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, Frank Hall, 2931 East
Forty-second Street, Vancouver. Meets at
Labour Headquarters on second Monday in
month at 8 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 101
President, F. E. Griffin, 447 Sixth Avenue
East, A'ancouver; Secretary and Business
Agent, H. AV. Speed, 2837 St. George Street,
Vancouver. Meets at K. of P. Hall, Eighth
Avenue and Scotia Street, Vancouver, on first
and third Mondays at 10.15 a.m. and 7 p.m.
Submarine Divers & Tenders Union of Canada,
Western Division—President, H. E. Ryan, 433
East Second Street, North Vancouver; Secretary, R. Kipling, 2022 Granville Street, Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street on the
first Friday at 8 p.m.
Switchmen's Union of North America, Local No.
Ill—President, W. J. Ingles, 2048 Eighth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, A. S. Cros-
son, 3925 Fourteenth Avenue AVest, Vancouver.
Meets at 3925 Fourteen Avenue AVest on first
and third Sundays at 2 p.m.
Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen, Local
No. 178—President, Colin McDonald, 2S34 St.
George Street, Vancouver; Secretary, W. AAT.
Hocken, 1582 Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Monday in month.
Taxi, Stage & Bus Drivers, Local No. 151—
President, C. Kontze, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, Birt Showier, 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street,
Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Monday and
10.30 a.m. on second Tuesday.
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers, No.
466, International Brotherhood of—President,
F. Goodrich, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver;
Secretary, Birt Showier, Room 308, Labour
Headquarters, Arancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on first and third Mondays at
8 p.m.
Theatrical Arts and Crafts Canadian Society,
Local No. 1—President, L. K. AVortley, 33
South Boundary Road, Vancouver; Secretary,
H. Pearson, P.O. Box 711, Vancouver. Meets
at Flack Building, Vancouver, at 1.30 p.m. on
second Sunday of each month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
226—President, C. S. Campbell, 4444 Third
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, R. H.
Neelands, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 2 p.m. on
last Sunday in month.
Upholsterers' International Union, No. 26—President, C. B. Thompson, 833 Eighth Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, F. Slatford, 2815
Yale Street, Arancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver, on second and fourth Tuesdays in month at 8 p.m.
AAraterfront Freight Handlers' Association—
President, C. Maigne, 233 Main Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. T. Moore, 233 Main Street,
Vancouver. Meets in rear of 233 Main Street,
Vancouver, on first, and third AVednesdays in
month at 8 p.m.
AAraterfront AA'orkers' Association, Vancouver and
District (Independent)—President, Joseph
Boyes, 4758 Carlton Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Allan L. AValker, 1902 Sixth Avenue
AVest, Vancouver. Meets at 132 Dunlevy Avenue on second Friday of every month at 8 p.m.
Association AArelders, Federal Labour Union, No.
19—President, J. AVilson, 186 Twentieth Street
East, Vancouver; Secretary, M. J. Warren, 462
Forty-third Avenue East, Arancouver. Meets
at 531 Beatty Street, Vancouver, every fourth
Friday at 8 p.m.
Vernon.
Typographical Union, No. 541—President, H. G.
Bartholomew, Vernon; Secretary, W. B. Hil-
liard, R.R. No. 1, Enderby. Meets in Vernon
at call of Chair.
Victoria.
Barbers, Journeymen, International Union of,
Local No. 372—President, G. A. Turner, 616
Avalon Road, Victoria; Secretary, Jas. A.
Green, 1319 Douglas Street, Victoria. Meets
at Labour Hall on fourth Monday in month
at 8 p.m.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers of
America, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 191—President, L. Basso, 635 John Street,
Victoria; Secretary, W. S. Duncan, 1409 May
Street, Victoria. Meets first Tuesday of each
month at 8 p.m.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 147—President, W. W. Laing, 125 Linden
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, J. A. AViley, 141
Clarence Street, Victoria. Meets at AVomen's
Institute, Amphion Hall, 739 Yates Street,
Victoria, at 8 p.m. on fourth Friday in month.
Bricklayers, Masons & Plasterers of America, International Union of, Local No. 2—President,
E. AAT. Mertton, 1039 Hillside Avenue, Victoria ;
Secretary, J. H. Owen, 541 Toronto Street,
Arictoria. , Meets at 8 p.m. on second Monday in
month at Labour Hall, Courtney Street, Victoria.
Canadian Pacific Express Employees, Brotherhood of, No. 20—President, T. C. Johns, South
Turner Street; Secretary, F. E. Dutot, 1546
Bank Street, Victoria. Meets at Canadian
Pacific Railway Building, 1104 Government
Street, monthly.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of,
Local No. 1598—President, F. Sellars, Chapman Street, A'ictoria; Recording Secretary, J.
Townsend, Box 26, Victoria. Meets at Labour
Temple at 7.30 p.m. on first and third Mondays
in month.
Civic Employees, Local No. 50—President, S.
Howard, 2514 Graham Street, Victoria; Secre- E 86
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
tary, AV. E. Farmer, 2948 Scott Street, Victoria. Meets at Main Fire Hall, Cormorant
Street, at 8 p.m. on second Wednesday in
month.
Cooks, Waiters & AVaitresses, Local No. 459—
President, Charles Richardson, Box 233, Victoria ; Secretary, F. Dovey, Box 233, Victoria.
Meets at A.O.F. Hall, 750 Cormorant Street,
Victoria, on first and third Tuesdays in month
at 3.30 p.m. and 8.30 p.m.
Electrical AVorkers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 230—President, R. D. Lemmax, 915
Kings Road, Arictoria; Secretary, AV. Reid,
2736 Asquith Street, Victoria. Meets at
Labour Hall, Courtney Street, at 8 p.m. on
first and  third Tuesdays of month.
Firefighters, City Union No. 258—President, J.
Ready, No. 8 Fire Hall, Victoria; Secretary,
H. Medley, No. 1 Fire Hall, Victoria. Meets
at Headquarters Fire Hall, Cormorant Street,
at 8 p.m. on or about the first of each month.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No. 11
—President, P. H. Walker, 743 Selkirk Avenue,
Victoria; Secretary, Arch. Blackmore, 521
Langford Street, Arictoria. Meets in Post Office
Building on second Friday of each month at
8 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 690—President, E. W. Collins,
636 Raynor Street, Victoria; Secretary, Alfred
T. Thomsett, 1025 Southgate Street, Victoria.
Meets at A.O.F. Hall, Cormorant Street, on
First Wednesday and third Thursday in month
at 7.30 p.m.
Machinists, Local No. 456—President, A. AVal-
lace, 44 Lewis Street, Victoria; Secretary,
C. B. Lester, 1137 Caledonia Avenue, Victoria.
Meets at Eagles' Hall, 1319 Government Street,
on fourth Thursday in month at 8 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
2824—President, J. H. Davis, Metchosin, Vancouver Island ; Secretary, Arthur Cann, R.M.D.
No. 1, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall, Victoria.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 247
—President, H. Ball, 1178 Fort Street, Victoria ; Secretary, F. V. Horman, 418 Helmcken
Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall on
second Sunday in each month at 2 p.m. in winter and 10.30 a.m. in summer.
Painters, Decorators & Paper-hangers, Brotherhood of, Local No. 119 President, J. H. Holland, 716 Market Street, Arictoria; Secretary,
P. W. Smith, 1994 Leighton Road, Arictoria.
Meets at Labour all, Broughton Street, on
second AVednesday in month at 8 p.m.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, AVharf & Dock Builders, No.
2415—President, J. D. Murray, 318 Irving
Road, Arictoria; Secretary, P. Packford, P.O.
Box 1027, Arictoria. Meets at Labour Hall at
8 p.m. on second Friday of each month.
Policemen's Federal Union, Local No. 24—President, Duncan McPherson, 1618 Pinewood Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, Louis Callan, 1046
Clare Street, Victoria. Meets at Police Headquarters at 2.30 p.m. on first Tuesday of each
month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 79—President, Thomas Nute, 534 Michigan Street,
Victoria; Secretary, F. H. Larssen, 1236
McKenzie Street, Victoria. Meets at third
floor of the Jones Building at 8 p.m. on second
Monday in month.
Railway Carmen of America, Victoria Lodge No.
50—President, J. Stephenson, 1617 Burton
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary-Treasurer, H.
Greaves, 638 Victoria Avenue, Oak Bay.
Railway Conductors, No. 289—Chief Conductor,
J. N. Thompson, 556 Raynor Avenue, Victoria;
Secretary, J. Martin, 2109 Vancouver Street,
Victoria. Meets at Duncan, B.C., on third
Sunday in each month at 11 o'clock.
Retail Clerks' International Protective Association, Local No. 604—Victoria and District—
President, J. Talbot, 1737 Bank Street, Victoria ; Secretary, H. H. Hollins, 1112 Government Street, Victoria. Meets at 1112 Government Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on second
Tuesday in month.
Sheet Metal AVorkers, International Association,
Local No. 134—President, L. AV. Gray, 2109
Clarke Street, Victoria; Corresponding Secretary, P. Pitt, 3080 Earl Grey Street, Victoria.
Meets at Labour Hall at 8 p.m. on first Thursday in month.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 109
—President, James P. Torrance, 2510 Blackwood Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, W. Turner,
2169 Fair Street, Victoria. Meets at corner of
Broad and Yates Streets at 10 a.m. and 7.30
p.m. on second Tuesday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
201—President, John Chrow, 1030 Burdett
Street, Victoria; Secretary, Ernest Shaw, Box
1183, Victoria. Meets at Unity Centre Hall,
739 Yates Street, Victoria, at 2 p.m. on last
Sunday in month.
Wood, Wire & Metal Lathers, No. 332, Arancouver Island—Secretary, James AVilson, 1054
Balmoral Road, Victoria. Meets in Veterans'
of France Hall, Douglas Street, on fourth Friday of each month at 8 p.m.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1932.
2M-732-9871  

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