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R 125
The High School Entrance Examination was held on June 26th, 27th, and 28th at 184 centres
throughout the Province.
The number of pupils who were successful in obtaining certificates follows:—
On recommendation   4,220
On examination   1,689
Total :  5,909
The names of the winners of His Excellency the Governor-General's bronze medals are:—
No.   1
No.   2
No.   3
No.   4
No.   5
Ellen E.  Horsley	
No.   6
No.   7
No.   8
Cynthia J. Docksteader	
No.   9
No. 10
The following are the results of the June Examinations:—■
No. of
No. passed
in all
No. granted
No. granted
Grade IX	
Grade X	
Grade XI. (Normal Entrance)	
Grade XI. (Junior Matriculation)	
Grade XI. (Normal Entrance and Junior Matriculation)
Grade XII	
Third-year Commercial	
Third-year Household Science	
Third-year Technical	
* Candidates who fail to obtain the necessary aggregate mark are given credit for a pass standing in all
subjects in which they obtain 50 per cent, or more.
As the principals and teachers of high schools have the right, under the regulations of the
Council of Public Instruction, to determine promotions in Grades IX. and X., the number of
candidates sitting for examination in these grades is comparatively small. Students of these
two grades who are granted supplemental or standing in four or more subjects on the June
Examinations, and satisfy their principal by oral or written examinations given at the opening
of school in September that they have gained a fair standard of proficiency in the subjects in
which they failed in June, may be promoted by the principal to the next grade without further
Departmental Examinations. R 126
The following summary  shows the average  mark  obtained  in  each paper  at the  June
Examination by Junior and Senior Matriculation candidates from high and superior schools:—
Average Mark.
English Composition	
English Literature	
51 1
Latin Authors	
His Excellency the Governor-General's silver medals which are awarded annually to the
five leading Junior Matriculation students have been won this year by the following:—
High School.
Verda Lucille Benedict	
Mark Collins	
Burnaby, South ; Burnaby	
John Oliver, Vancouver	
Denis Lane Kirby, Kitsilano High School, Vancouver, was the winner of the Royal Institution Scholarship of $150 awarded annually by the University of British Columbia to the student
obtaining the highest marks in the Junior Matriculation Examination.
The winners of the Royal Institution Scholarships of $100 each which are awarded annually
to the six Matriculation students who obtain the highest standing in their respective districts
High School.
No. 1
No. 2
No. 3
No. 4
No. 5
No. 6
Jane Thompson Potts	
Arnold Charles White	
Mavis Rich	
Malcolm Ross McPhail...
James Douglas McMynn.
Frances Maud Anderson
Qualicum Beach	
King George, Vancouver	
Prince of Wales, Vancouver
Grand Porks..	
The winner of the Royal Institution Scholarship of $150 awarded by the University of;
British Columbia on the results of the Senior Matriculation Examination was Bessie Harriette
Riley, Britannia High School, Vancouver, who obtained S03 marks out of a possible 1,000.
Supplemental Examinations were held at ten centres duringjgfhe week August 26th to August
31st. At these examinations 317 were successful in obtaining Normal Entrance and Junior
Matriculation standing and 50 in obtaining Senior Matriculation standing. PART III.—APPENDICES.
R 127
Part I.    (Time, 1 hour.)
[Note.—The questions on this paper can tie solved mentally, but candidates who find any of the
problems too difficult to perform mentally may wwk them out with pen and ink in the
space left at the bottom of the page. The answer to each question must be placed on the
blank to the right of the question.]
[All fractional parts of answers must be given in lowest terms.]
Answer. Value.
1. Write 1,508.006 in words	
2. (a.)  15% + IV, =      1
(6.) 100-372/11 =     1
(a) 3% x % =     1
(d.) 16h-%=      1
3. (a.)  436 —.04=      1
(6.)  436 X .04 =      j
(c.)  436 -c-.04=      1
4. (a.) 27% of a number is 81;   find the number.      J
(6.)  If 2/0 of a yard of silk cost 72 cents, find the cost per yard     J
5. (a.)  From a piece of copper wire 23 feet long, 8 feet 9 inches
are cut.    What is the length of the remaining part?     ft in.    j[
(B.)  A piece of copper wire 22 feet 6 inches long is cut into
5 equal parts.    Find the length of each part.  ft in.    J
6. (a.) How many %-lb. packages can be filled from 6 lb. of tea?       1
(&.)  How many pint bottles can be filled from a can containing
4 gallons 2 quarts of milk?      <J
7. What is the area of:—
(a.)  a rectangle 25 ft. 8 in. long and 18 ft. wide?  sq.ft.    2
(&.)  a square each of whose sides is ll/2 ft.?  sq. ft.    2
(c.)  a circle which has a diameter of 28 ft.?  sq.ft.    3
8. (a.) How many strips of carpet 27 inches wide will cover a
floor 16 feet wide?     2
(&.) If 1 sq. in. of a rectangle 8 inches by 12 inches represents
% of an acre, how many acres does the whole
rectangle represent?      2
9. (a.)  How many cubic feet of water will a tank hold which is
7 feet 9 inches long, 4 feet wide, and 5 feet deep?      2
(6.)  What is the volume of a cylinder which has a diameter of
14 feet and a height of 10 feet?  cu. ft.   3 R 128 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Answer. Value.
10. (a.) A bureau marked at $35 sold at 30% discount.   What
was the selling price?     2
(6.)  I bought a furnace for $440 at a reduction of 20%.    What
was the price before reduction?      2
(c.) Because of better feeding, a cow's milk-yield changed
from 13 lb. a day to 15.6 a day.    What was the per
cent, of increase?      3
(d.) What is the net price when the catalogue price is $75
less 20% and 10%.
11. How much will it cost to insure a house for $4,000 for three
years at 28c. per $100 a year?      3
12. A real-estate agent sold a house for $6,600 cash, charging the
owner 5% commission:
(a.)  What is the amount of the agent's commission?      \
(5.)  How much money should the owner receive from the
agent?     1
13. A merchant imports coffee in cans containing 40 pounds each.
If the coffee is valued at 30c. a pound:   Find :—
(a.)  the specific duty he pays on  each can  at 3o4c.  a
pound.      \
(&.)  the ad valorem duty at 15%. _      2
Part II.    (Time, 1% hours.)
[Solve five questions only.   All the work must be shoicn.    One of the marks assigned
to each problem will be given for orderly arrangement.}
1. If it cost $8,000,000 last year to educate 129,675 children in a certain city, how much did it
cost per child?     (Find result to nearest cent.)
2. What is the value at 35c. a pound of the butter-fat in 475 pounds of milk, if 3.9% 6f the milk
is butter-fat?
3. Find the total cost of the following lumber at $45 per M. board-feet:—
30 joists each 2" by 4" and 16 feet long;
6 sills each 4" by 6" and 26 feet long;
2 beams each 2" by 10" and 18 feet long.
4. A city borrowed on August 7, 1927, enough money at 5%% to build 7.6 miles of street at
$17,500 per mile.    If the interest on the loan has to be paid on December 31st of each
year, find the amount that had to be paid as interest on December 31, 1927.
5. A town contains taxable property valued at $1,575,000.    In 1928 the town collected in taxes
2.85% of the value of the property.    Find:—
(a.) the amount the town collected in taxes that year;
(6.)  the amount that was expended in the maintenance of the schools, if 34% of the taxes
collected were used for that purpose.
6. If one sq. ft. of sheet zinc weighs 2% lb., how much will a triangular piece of the same sheet
weigh, the base being 3 ft. 8 in. and the altitude 2 ft. 6 in.? PART III.—APPENDICES. R 129
Canadian History.    (Time, 2% hours.)
24       1. Write the number of the best answer in the parentheses at the right of the page:—
(a.) Representative  government was  introduced  into  Canada  by  the:
(1) Union  Act,     (2)   Constitutional  Act,     (3)   Quebec   Act,
(4)   King's Proclamation   (        )
(b.) The French were first given the right to hold public office in Canada
in:   (1) 1841,  (2) 1791, (3) 1763,  (4) 1774    (       ')
(c.) The National Policy dealt with: (1) Canada's immigration, (2) the
building of the C.P.R., (3) the purchase of the Hudson's Bay
Company lands,  (4)  Canada's tariff    (        )
(d.) Responsible government was granted by the:    (1)  Act of Union,
(2) British North America Act,   (3)   Constitutional Act,   (4)
Quebec Act   ( )
(e.) The leader of the Indian Loyalists who emigrated to Canada after
the conclusion of the American War of Independence was:
(1) Pontiac, (2) Matonabbee, (3) Joseph Brant, (4) Tecumseh  (        )
(/.) After the union of the Hudson's Bay Company and the North-West
Company in 1821 the first governor of the united Company was:
(1) Sir George Simpson, (2) Lord Selkirk, (3) John McLaughlin,  (4)  Alexander Mackenzie    (        )
(g.) The Quebec Act gave satisfaction chiefly to the (1) French-speaking
Canadians, (2) English-speaking Canadians, (3) recently-
arrived United Empire Loyalists     (        )
(h.) The troublesome question of the Clergy Reserves was settled in
1854 by an Act of Parliament which provided that the proceeds
of the sale of the lands should be given to the: (1) Episcopal
Church, (2) municipalities, (3) various churches, (4) Presbyterian Church     ( )
(i.) David Thompson's fame as an explorer rests chiefly on his explorations of: (1) the Thompson River Valley, (2) the Columbia
River Valley, (3) Northern British Columbia, (4) the coast of
British Columbia    (        )
(•/.) The Rush-Bagot Treaty, which was entered into in 1817 between
Great Britain and the United States, dealt with: (1) the
boundary between Maine and New Brunswick, (2) the Atlantic
fisheries, (3) naval forces on the Great Lakes, (4) the Alaskan
boundary      (        )
(k.) The Rebellion Losses Bill, 1849, was strongly opposed by (1) Lord
Elgin, (2) the Reformers, (3) the British Government, (4) the
Conservatives      (        )
(I.) The chief issue in the election of 1911, which resulted in the defeat
of the Laurier government, was: (1) Reciprocity in natural
products with the United  States,   (2)   Canada's naval policy,
(3) Manitoba   School  Question,   (4)   Canada's  railway  policy  (        )
\\_       2. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete :—
The Governor-General of Canada is appointed by the	
 on the advice of the	
government.    The present Governor-General is	
 ■     According  to  the  British  North  America
Act, a general election must be held at least once every	
years.    British Columbia has members in the
House of Commons; the number for Qaebec is fixed at	
Before a bill becomes law it must be passed by the	
 , the 	
and receive the assent of the 	
The present premier of British Columbia is	
 who succeeded
  in August last.
11 3. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete:—
The real beginning of railway construction in Canada dates from 1851, when a
bill was passed through Parliament providing for the construction of the
Grand Trunk Railway. The first part of this railway extending from the
western boundary of Upper Canada to the city of Quebec was completed in
1853. Three years later the main line was completed to Sarnia. The building of a government railway to connect Upper and Lower Canada with the
Atlantic provinces had been agreed upon as one of the terms of Confederation ;   accordingly, in 1876 the	
Railway was opened from  ;.
... to Riviere du Loup.    The Canadian Pacific Railway was partly constructed
as a government work during the premiership of	
     Progress in construction, however, was
very slow, and the people of ,
who had entered Confederation in 1871 on condition that the building of the
railway through their province should be commenced within	
years, protested vigorously at the delay.   The next premier, 	
 _ , decided that the
road should be built by a private company, and in 1880 the Canadian Pacific
Railway Company was formed. This Company prosecuted the work with
commendable energy, and, as a result, the road was completed to the Pacific
Coast in five years.    The president of the railway is	
The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was built while	
 was premier of Canada.
This railway and the ,
built about the same time, were later taken over by the Federal Government
and are to-day operated under the name of the	
 ,    The president of
the railway is	
4. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete:—
(1.)  McGill University is located at	
(2.)  The Pacific Great Eastern Railway is owned and operated by	
(3.)  The chief source of revenue of every municipality is 	
(4.) The Legislative Assembly of British Columbia consists of..
(5.)  The first Chief Justice of British Columbia was	
(6.)  The Premier of Canada is	
and the leader of the opposition in the House of Commons is
11        5. Write a fairly full account of one of the following:
(a.)  Lord Durham's work in Canada.
(b.) The United Empire Loyalists.
1(J       6. Write briefly on two of the following:—
(a.)  San Juan Dispute. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 131
(6.)  The Nootka Affair.
(c.)  The acquisition by the Federal Government of the lands held by the Hudson's
Bay Company in the North-West.
20       7. Give a brief account of the service which each of the following rendered to his
Province or to Canada:—
(a.)  Sir James Douglas.
(b.)  Egerton Ryerson.
(c.)  Sir Guy Carleton.
(d.)  Tecumseh. •
Drawing.    (Time, 2% hours.)
18        1. Select three examples of work from your drawings, as follows :—
(a.) A nature drawing;
(&.)  A design in colour;
(c.)  A drawing of any object or model—shaded with pencil or crayon.
26 2- Draw a rectangle 6" by 9" and letter therein one of the following, paying particular
attention to the spacing of words, lines and margins:—
(a.) School Concert.
A concert will be held in Highway School on Friday, 20th December, at 7.30 p.m.
Admission, 25 cents.
(&.)  School Exhibition.
An Exhibition of School work will be held in the Central School, Victoria, on
Monday, 19th August, at 8.15 p.m.
(c.) Goods made in B.C.
Support Home Industries by Buying Goods manufactured in British Columbia.
28       3. Draw one of the following from memory (no ruling) :—
(a.)  A cup and saucer;
(6.) A group composed of a  cube  and  a  cylinder,  with  the cylinder resting
obliquely against the cube;
(o.)  A rectangular box  (such as a cigar-box), in any position below eye-level,
showing the lid opened backwards at an angle of about 45°.
28 4- Draw two lines 6" long and 2%" apart or an equilateral triangle with sides 6" in
length. Between the two lines or within the triangle draw one of the following
groups of units (show with pencil shading where you would put the dark and
light colours) :—
(a.) A decorative leaf form which you drew during the last twelve months;
(6.)  A maple leaf and maple-key;
(c.)  Any Egyptian or Persian flowers or buds that you have drawn during the
English Composition.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
6       1. Combine each group of sentences into one sentence:—
(a.)  The little boy became very tired.    At last he fell down by the side of the
road.    His mother found him there several hours later.
(&.)  Twenty of the savages managed to get on board.    They examined every
article on the boat with great inquisitiveness.    They then scrambled
about among the rigging. R 132 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
10 2.  (o.)  Compose sentences (one sentence for each word)  to illustrate the correct use
of the following words:   loose, lose, quite, quiet, practice, practise,  suit,
suite, peel, peal.
(6.) By the use of a prefix change each of the following words into a word of
opposite meaning:  courteous, polite, mature, appear, honest, mount, moral,
manly, prepared, regular.
11 3.  (o.)  Rewrite the following, making such changes as you consider necessary, to avoid
the improper use of the words " get " and " got":—
" Get to bed, children!    Santa Claus will get angry if he finds you awake! "
said Granny.
" I have not got my wish-list written yet," replied practical little Tommy.
" Well, get busy," urged Mary;   " it is nearly nine."
" Tommy's got his wish-list on the brain," said Jack.    " All he needs to get
is a long stocking to hang up."
(6.)  The word "nice" is improperly used in the following sentences.    Strike it out
wherever it appears and write above it some suitable word or words:—
As Saturday was a nice day, I had a game of golf with a nice young fellow
from Iceland.    When we arrived at the club-house there was a nice
crowd waiting, and my friend did not think it would be nice to have
to play off in front of so many people.    In spite of that, he made quite
a nice shot with his driver.
8       4.  (a.)  Rewrite  the  two  following sentences,  changing  the  direct  quotation  to  the
(1.)  The teacher said, "I wish you would make less noise, boys."
(2.)  Lie asked, " Where have you left your bicycle? "
(&.) Rewrite the two following sentences, changing the indirect quotation to the
direct :—
(1.)  He said that he loved bathing there when the tide was in.
(2.)   The principal told the boys that they had an excellent record for work
and conduct since the term began.
10       5. Write a short story beginning as follows :—
I had been working late that night, and it was nearly one when I got into bed.
I was just falling asleep when 	
8       6. Write in one paragraph a short description of one of the following:—
An aeroplane, a Ford car, an electric iron, a radio set, a country store, a repair
and service garage.
12 7.  (a.)  Suppose  you   received  a   letter  from  a  pupil  attending   a   public  school   in
Auckland, New Zealand, who wishes to correspond with a pupil attending
a school in British Columbia.
If his name is Howard Stevenson and he resides at 1054 Main Street, write him
a letter giving him some general information about the city or district in
which you live.    Rule a space for the envelope and in it write the address.
35       8. Write an essay of about a page on one of the following subjects:—
The Character in our Literature Study that I admire most.
My Ambition in Life.
How I shall Spend the Summer Holidays.
An amusing Experience or Adventure.
An Animal Story.
How to be Healthy. PART III.—APPENDICES.
R 133
English Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. In the evening, when Mr. Lyon was expecting the knock at the door that would
announce the arrival of his friend, he occupied his arm-chair and was skimming
rapidly by the light of a candle the pages of a missionary report.
At high noon a courier light
Held secret parley with the knight,
Whose moody aspect soon declared
That evil were the news he heard.
Give the clauses (principal and subordinate) in the above sentences.    State the kind
of each clause and give the relation of the subordinate clauses.
2. Am I wrong in gathering from what you say, Mistress Holt,  that your son has
objected in some way to the sale of your late husband's medicines?
The words given in the form below are from the foregoing sentence.    Tell what
part of speech each word is.    Give also the relation of the word.
Part of Speech.
Mistress Holt..
3. Supply the correct word in each blank:—
(1.)  The plural of man-of-war is	
(2.) The comparative degree of ill is .'	
(3.)  The abstract noun derived from the adjective stupid is	
(4.) The adverb form of simple is	
(5.)  The possessive form of the conjunctive pronoun which is	
(6.)  The singular of data is	
(7.)  The plural objective of she is	
(8.)  The possessive plural of lady is	
(9.)  The verb from which the abstract noun growth is derived is..
(10.)  The feminine plural of negro is	
(11.) The plural of the adjective that is	
4. In these proceedings, however, the common people of England had no share.
The knight decided to throw aside his apathy when he saw his companion fighting
bravely against superior strength.
Write the phrases that you find in the above sentences and give the kind and the
relation of each phrase:—
5. In the space below give the three principal parts of the root verb of each of the
following:  lay (place), went, sown, bet, borne, lie (recline), rang, slay, ridden,
froze, known.
Present Tense.
Past Tense.
Past Participle. R 134 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
16       6.  (a.) Write in each of the blank spaces the verb form referred to in the brackets:—
I the captain of the ship in which
(past indefinite, active, of verb meet)
(future indefinite, active, of the verb sail)
Every one who
(future indefinite, passive, of the verb admit)
 his fee.
(present perfect, active, of the verb pay)
The report   that
.(present indefinite, active, of the verb state)
three meetings	
(past indefinite, passive, of the verb hold)
He the matter to his teachers
(past perfect, active, of the verb report) '
before you to him.
(past imperfect, active, of the verb talk)
(&.)  Rewrite, changing the voice of the verbs:—
(1.)  I shall write my letters in time.
(2.)  The governess teaches the child drawing and music.
(3.)  During the greater part of that night my slumbers were disturbed by
strange dreams.
(c.)  Write the proper form of the pronoun who or which in each blank :—
(a.) I wonder they have asked to the party.
(6.) This is the tree leaves were destroyed.
(c.)   do men say that I am?
(d.) This is the book you loaned to me.
(e.)  The man you met this morning is my uncle.
18       7. Select in each case one of the words given in the parentheses and then write the
word in the blank space.   Give the reason for your choice of words.
(1.)  Every country has own heroes,    (their or its)
(2.)  He require all this money,    (doesn't or don't)
(3.)  She can do this than her sister,    (more quickly or quicker)
(4.)  Mary is not as old as (he or him)
(5.) He will have many miles by the end of the week,    (flew or flown)
(6.) The apple tastes (sweet or sweetly)
5 8. In the following sentences the words in italics illustrate five different uses of the
nominative case. On the dotted line at the end of each sentence state which use
of the nominative is illustrated in the sentence by the italicized word.
(1.)  Are you coming, my friend?	
(2.) The men were all soldiers	
(3.) The weather being fine, we decided to go	
(4.)  The boy plays in the yard	
(5.)  Smith, the banker, entered the room	 PART III.—APPENDICES. R 135
Geography.    (Time, 2% hours.)
46       1. In each blank fill in the word or words needed to make the sentence complete:—
(a.)  British Columbia is rapidly becoming a very important mining area.    It has
large deposits of coal at ,
at , and at	
The mine in British Columbia that produces the most gold is the	
 Mine, near	
Rich copper mines are being operated at ,
at , and at	
Ore containing silver, lead, and zinc is mined chiefly at	
     The largest refinery in the British
Empire for this ore is located at	
(&.)  In the production of gold, the Province of	
leads the provinces of'Canada.   The world's chief source of asbestos is
the Province of     The largest nickel mines
in the world are located near the city of ,
in the Province of	
(c.) A family living in British Columbia may have on its table the commodities
mentioned below. Write in the blank after the name of each commodity
the country from which that commodity is probably imported:—
Oranges,  '.    Bananas, 	
Sugar,      Coffee, 	
Salt,     Pepper, 	
Dates,     Olives, 	
{d.) The  two  countries  which  produce   the   greatest   quantities  of  wool   are
They export it chiefly to	
and , where it is
manufactured into woollen goods.    The three countries where cotton is
grown most extensively are ,
 , and	
The two countries which manufacture most cotton cloth are :	
Linen is made from the fibres of a plant called	
The country which produces most of the world's supply of this plant is
     The country of
  leads in the manufacture
of linen cloth.    The two countries which produce most raw silk are
  and  ;
but in the manufacture of silk fabrics	
and lead the world.
(e.) A boat,  sailing from  Lake  Erie into  Lake  Ontario,  passes  through  the
 Canal.    The American States which
border on British Columbia are ,
(/.) The island of Jamaica and the Bahamas belong to	
 , while Cuba is a republic under the
protection of 	
In the drier parts of Mexico the principal industry is	
    The language used most
extensively in Mexico is	
8       2. After the name of each of the following rivers write the name of the body of water
into which the river flows:— R 136 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Danube  Ganges	
Severn  Niger	
Ottawa  Missouri	
Volga  Yang-tze-kiang..
14       3.  (a.) Enumerate four influences that affect the climate of a district.
(6.) The Amazon is the largest river in the world.   Mention two natural conditions
which unite to make it so large a river,
(c.)  The heaviest precipitation in Australia is on the eastern coast, while in Canada
the greatest rainfall is on the western coast.   Account for this.
8       4- In the three prairie provinces the principal product is wheat.
(a.) Mention two transportation routes in Canada by which this wheat reaches
the sea or other body of water for export to the markets of the world.
(6.)  What additional route will soon be available in Canada?    What advantage will
this route possess over the existing routes?    What disadvantage?
24       ".  (a.) On the accompanying map eight cities are indicated by the numbers 1 to 8.
Write after each of the following numbers the name of the city that is
. indicated on the map by that number:—
1    5	
2     6	
3     7	
4    8	
(6.)  The numbers 9 to 18 indicate rivers.    Write after each of the following numbers
the name of the river that is indicated on the map by that number:—
9     14	
10     15	
11    16	
12     17	
13    18	
(c.)  The letters A to H indicate lakes.    Write after each of the following letters the
name of the lake that is indicated on the map by that letter:—
A    E	
B     F	
C     G	
D     H	
(d\)  The letters J, K, and L indicate parallels of latitude or meridians of longitude.
Write after each of the following letters the number of the parallel or
meridian that is indicated on the map by that letter:—
R 137 R 138
Penmanship and Dictation and Spelling.    (Time, iy2 hours.)
(25 marks for Penmanship and 75 marks for Dictation and Spelling.)
[Note.—The Supervisor shall read Sections A and B to the candidates three times—the first time
to enable them to gather the meaning; the second time slowly and clearly in subsections as
marked by the bars, allowing all the candidates sufficient time to write the words; and the
third time for review). He should repeat words and phrases, when necessary, in order that
every candidate may hear distinctly. Punctuation-marks should not be dictated. Candidates
are not permitted to rewrite the passages.]
A. While they were gazing  I  at this scene,  I  a figure I  dressed like a keeper of the
forest, suddenly emerged from the trees I at the lower end [ of one of the
glades. Persuaded I that this person I had some mysterious connection I with
the ghostly huntsman, I the earl determined to follow him, I and, hastily I mentioning his suspicions and design I to Richmond, I he hurried down the hill. I
But before he accomplished the descent I the keeper was gone. I At length,
however, I on looking about, I they perceived him I mounting the rising ground I
on the left, I and immediately I started after him, I taking care | to keep out of
sight. I The policy of this course I was soon apparent. I Supposing himself I
no longer pursued, I the keeper relaxed his pace, I and the others got nearer to
him. I Just at this moment, I a cloud passed over the moon, I burying all I in
comparative obscurity. I The watchers, however, I could perceive the keeper I
approach an ancient beech-tree [ of enormous growth, I and strike it thrice I with
the short hunting-spear I which he held in his grasp. I
10       B. "What have you come for, Goldie?" he asked,  [ starting and looking strangely at
her. I
His voice sounded stern, I but in another moment I he had taken her in his arms, I
and wrapped his coat about her. I
" Is anything wrong with grandmother? I    You should not come here. I    What do
you want? " I
"I want you, father," she said I as she placed her arms around him.l    "Come back,
father. I    You haven't been to bed to-night. |    You're very tired, I fear." I
16        C. He had a workshop in which he repaired agricultural implements.
The progress of physical science was altering the whole outlook of the existing
generation towards the globe that they inhabited.
The Principal refused the applicant a permanent position on the staff.
Persuasion is superior to compulsion.
Almost without exception the children benefited greatly by the open-air treatment.
He refused to acknowledge the superiority of his successful rival.
Gymnasiums are established to develop healthy brains and muscles.
Genius often uses a suggestion to make a great achievement.
D. agreement
wholly (entirely)
feign (pretend)
Grade IX.
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours.)
12 1.  (a.)  Multiply together x - 1y, x2 + 2xy + iy'2, x- - 2xy + iy2.
(b.) Divide x* - 17x2 + 16 by x2 - 3x - 4.
10 2.  A merchant bought a pounds of tea at x cents per pound, and b pounds at y
cents per pound.    He mixed the tea and then sold at a price that enabled
him to gain 50% on the whole transaction.
Give :—
(a.) The cost of the first lot of tea.
(b.) The cost of the second lot of tea.
(c.) The total cost (in dollars).
(d.) The total selling price to gain 50%.
(e.) The selling price per pound.
12 3.  Give, in its lowest terms, the value of each of the following; —
,   .    6a263c7      5a64c6     70a2b2c2
(a.) x x	
x   ' 35-cyr!6    2a.y«7     3xVz5
,4    6a26V      2xW    70a?bV
(b.)    X 2 X	
v   ' 35a«y«5     5«6*c6      hatyW
14        4. (a.) Write, in its simplest form, the value of each of the following expressions :—
( - 2mVf, (f^A)2,   Jl6x™, sj2ifyw.
(b.) How much must be added to the third term of x2 + 22a; +100 to make this
expression a perfect square?    What is then its square root?
16        5. Solve:—
0,-13    6a:+l , ,/»    3x\
(b.) 3x-7ya=0.
fa- + fy = 77.
10 6. Resolve into factors :—
(a.) x2 - 6by + 2xy - 3bx.
(6.) p2 + 9p-d0.
13 7. A boy earned $35 by working first at a job at $4 per day and then at a second
job at $5 per day. If the pay for the first job had been $5 per day and that
for the second $4 per day he would have made $2 more for the whole period
of work.    How long was he at the two jobs?
13        8.    The difference between two numbers is three, and the difference of their squares
is 75.    Find the numbers. R 140
Abithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Work need not be slwwn, but record answer on dotted line at end of question.]
1.  (a.)  Four is what per cent, of six? 	
(6.)  How many times is .125 contained in 4%? 	
(c.)  Express 5 days 6 hrs. as a decimal of a week	
(d.) The tax rate of a certain municipality is 42 mills.    Express this rate in percentage	
(e.)  ?7 is the difference between .3 of a girl's money and .8 of it.    How much money
has she? 	
(/.)  Simplify: 2%-f-3%+%X% 	
(g.) 5 km. 4 m. 7 cm. = mm.
(%.) 5 km. 4 m. 7 cm. — km.
(i.) In how many years will any sum of money double itself at 6% simple interest?
(j.)  625 cu. m. 7 cu dcm. 73 cu. cm. — cu. m.
[27ie work for this part of the paper must be shown in the space below the question.
If you cannot complete a question, ivork as much of it as you can.]
A certain grade of metal contains 88.9% tin, 3.7% copper, and 7.4% antimony.    How
much copper is required for an order of 25 tons of this metal?
What single discount is equivalent to successive discounts of 5% and 25% off?
A man bought a horse for $144 and sold it for 25% more than it cost and for 10% less
than he asked for it.    What did he ask for it?
A book-dealer sold text-books, at list price, amounting to $574.80.    His expense for
freight, etc., was §12.40.    What was his gain per cent, if the publishers gave him
a discount of 20 %?
A woman preserved 64 cans of strawberries, using for each can 1 qt. of berries and
1 lb. of sugar.    The berries cost 17% cents per quart, the sugar 9% cents per lb.,
and the cans 75 cents a dozen.    The gas-burner consumed 8 cu. ft. of gas per hour
for 4 hours at §1.25 per thousand cu. ft.    Find the total cost of the fruit per can
when preserved.
A house that cost $15,500 rents for $155 a month.    It is insured for $10,850 at 4/5%
yearly.    The taxes are 15 mills on the dollar on an assessment of $12,450 and
$346.45 is spent each year in repairs.    What rate of interest does the investment
A Victoria merchant bought 300 yds. of cloth invoiced in New York at $3.60 a yard.
He pays an ad valorem duty of 12%% and a specific duty of 5 cents per yard.
At what price per yard must he mark the goods so that he may allow 16%%
discount and still make a profit oi 33%% on his total outlay?
Drawing.    (Time, 2 hours.)
A. Selections from Drawings.
[The time taken to collect these drawings is not to be deducted from the two
hours allowed for this paper.]
Select the following from the drawings you have made during the past year, and write
your distinguishing number at the top right-hand corner of each.    Before beginning
your drawing give these to the Examiner. PART III.—-APPENDICES.
R 141
1. An example of nature-drawing.
2. An example of lettering.
3. An example of object-drawing.
4. An example of ornamental design.
B. Object-drawing.
Below is shown an unshaded, outline drawing of a watering-pot. Make a freehand
drawing, not less than 6 inches high, of this watering-pot as it would appear when
turned so as to bring the spout nearer the observer, as far to the right as the
arrow-head and dotted line.
Shade your drawing to show the light falling downward from the left-hand side.
C. Design.
Work one of the following questions:—
(1.)  Design a Christmas card, 5 by 3% inches, to contain the following verse:—
Never a Christmas morning,
Never the old year ends,
But somebody thinks of somebody,
Old days, old times, old friends.
Indicate the colours you would use.
(2.)  Draw a circle with 2% inch radius.    Within this space design a monogram
composed of three letters.   Place around the monogram a suitable border
and indicate the colours you would use.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1- Correct the following sentences :—
(1.) He was raised in the country and I guess that is why he is so partial to
(2.) He seems to have travelled all over.
(3.) We get on fine at school.
(4.)  This book is for you and I.
(5.)  There were mens' hats in the window. Value.
8       2. Write down adverbs which mean the opposite to the following and use each of these
opposites correctly in a sentence:   stupidly, doubtfully, happily, altogether.
10       3. Change the following to indirect narration:—•
" Oh, I thought you were gone," she said; " why did you ever come here?   Do you
know what they would do to us if they found you here with me? "
" Beat us, I dare say, very hard, or me at least.   They could never beat you."
" No, they would kill us both outright and bury us here by the water."
13 4. You are a merchant living in some town or city in British Columbia. Write a letter
ordering some goods from a wholesale house in the East. Write also the envelope
60       5. Write a composition of not more than two hundred words on one of the following:—
(1.)  Doone Valley and its inhabitants.    (Lorna Doonc.)
(2.)  The contest of the pipers.    (Kidnapped.)
(3.) A railway journey or A journey by sea.
English Litebatuee.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer Section A, Part I. or Part II.; Section B; and either
Section G or Section D.]
Section A.
Part I. Narrative English Poems, Part I.
8       1. Describe briefly the life of the Prisoner of Chillon after the death of his brothers.
13       2.  (a.) Describe the Highwayman as he appeared to Bess on the last night that she
saw him.
(6.)  Describe, as vividly as you can, Prester John's palace and gardens.
8       3. Give in your own words the thoughts of the sailor in " Christmas at Sea."
13       4. Name the poems from which the following extracts are taken, explaining each passage
(a.)  The road was a gipsy's ribbon, looping the purple moor.
(6.)  "No love," quoth he, " but vanity, sets love a task like that."
(e.) We perished each alone:
But I beneath a rougher sea,
And whelmed in deeper gulphs than he.
Part II. Narrative English Poems, Part II.
8       1. Show how the ballad " The Revenge " reveals the spirit of the British Navy.
13       2.  (a.) Describe Sir Launcelot as he appeared to the Lady of Shalott.
(6.)  By what reasoning did Sir Bedivere excuse his disobedience of the king.
8       3. Give in your own words the thoughts of the condemned man in " He Fell Among
13       4. Name the poems from which the following extracts are taken, explaining each passage
(a.) The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew
The furrow followed free.
(&.) He said, " She has a lovely face;
God in his mercy lend her grace."
(o.)  He heard the deep behind him, and a cry
Before.    His own thought drove him like a goad. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 143
Section B.  English Peose Selections, Part I.
[Note.—Write on question 1 and on either 2 or 3.]
15       1. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following:—
(a.)  Sir Roger at church.
(6.) What followed the discovery of roast pig.
(c.)  Why Stevenson preferred gas to electricity.
(d.) Explain what Bolitho means when he says that the saxophone "for the
present makes audible the spirit of the age."
15       2. Write on one of the following:—
(a.) Lamb's feelings on being granted a pension.
(&.) The beauty of the Rockies.
(c.) Chesterfield's advice to his son in the light of modern conditions.
(d.)  Goldsmith's buoyant temperament.
3. From your reading of the stories in English Prose Selections, Part I., give your ideas
(a.) Gessler's opinion of big firms.    ("Quality.")
(&.)  Indomitable spirit.    ("The Essence of a Man.")
(c.)  The Mayor's sense of humour.    ("The Mayor's Dovecote.")
Section C.  Kidnapped.
15        1. Write a paragraph on one of the following:—
(a.) Life aboard the brig Covenant of Dysart.
(6.)  The bagpipe contest,
(o.)  Mr. Rankeillor's glasses.
15       2. Write briefly on one of the following :—■
(a.)  David's first narrow escape from death.
(&.) How David Balfour met Alan Stewart after the wreck.
(c.)  Alan Breck is too much for Uncle Ebenezer.
Section D.  Lorna Doone.
15       1. Write a paragraph on one of the following:—•
(a.)  Master Huckaback's secret.
(6.)  Why the Doones were tolerated by the people,
(c.)  Why I like Lorna.
15       2. Write briefly on one of the following:—
(a.)  How Tom Faggus escaped from Squire Maunder.
(&.)  John Ridd is too much for Counsellor Kitch.
(o.) The fight in the barn.
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Ansicers to be written on this paper.]
31        1- Write a sentence in French (not less than 8 words) using each of the following words.
Afterwards translate the sentence into English.
(1.) Voici.
Translation	 R 144 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(2.) Un peu.
(3.) Quelle.
(4.) Tout le monde.
(5.) Assez.
(6.)  Debout.
(7.)  Leger.
13       2. Answer briefly in French the following questions:—
(1.)  Qu'est-ce que la tante?	
(2.) la cerise?	
(3.)  le perce-neige? 	
(4.) l'ours ?	
(5.) lundi? 	
(6.) le canard? 	
18       3. Write in French (the numerals to be written in words) :—
80 cakes 	
75 sheets of paper	
81 overcoats 	
100 monkeys 	
200 nuts 	
999 pins  ,	
the first lesson	
the fifth lemon	
the ninth butterfly 	
10       4. Complete the following sentences :—
(1.) Etendez les bras 	
(2.) lis jouent   football.
(3.)  est le contraire de mince.
(4.) Cette boite est   verre.
(5.) Les Americains demeurent Etats-Unis.
(6.) Les   demeurent en Chine.
(7.) Elle est plus agee   Louis.
(8.) Allez tableau noir.
(9.) II est trop jeune  aller a, l'ecole.
(10.)  est le contraire de lever. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 145
9       5- Tell what you do when the teacher says to you (to be answered in French) :—
(1.) Asseyez-vous  ".	
(2.) Levez-vous :	
(3.) Levez la main 	
(4.) Venez ici 	
(5.) Allez a votre place	
(6.) Prenez la craie	
(7.) Ouvrez votre cahier 	
(8.) Ecrivez cette phrase	
(9.) Ne lisez pas le livre en classe 	
10       6. Write the plural of :—
tu es /	
il va	
tu dis 	
elle doit	
il ecrit 	
je mets	
il peut 	
elle tient 	
je vois 	
je commence	
30       ?• Write a paragraph in French (about 50 words) on one of the following subjects:—-
(1.) Le Temps (covering the following points:  hour, date, place, season, weather
now and at other seasons).
(2.)  Les Vetements  (write about your own clothes—colours and materials, now
and in winter).
General Science.     (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer question one and any five of the remainder.]
15       1.  (a.) Describe a laboratory method for preparing a few jars of oxygen.   Give diagram.
(6.)  Give two examples which show that oxygen aids combustion.
17        2.  (a.)  What do you understand by the term efficiency as applied to a machine?
(6.)  Explain what is meant by a foot-pound of work.
(c.) A horse, pulling a horizontal trace with a force equal to the weight of 72 pounds,
draws a cart along a level road at the rate of 3% miles per hour. What
amount of work is done in 5 minutes by the horse?
17       3. (o.) Discuss fully how the boiling-point of a liquid is affected by changes in air-
(b.) Briefly state the different factors which may affect the rate of evaporation.
(c.) Explain the use of salt and ice as a freezing mixture.
17       4. (a.) Describe, with the aid of a diagram, how a lift-pump may be used to raise water
from a well.
(6.)  What determines the height to which water can be raised by a lift-pump?
(c.) Briefly explain why water sometimes bubbles out of the earth in " springs."
10 Value.
17        5.  (a.)  Make a diagram of a cross-section of a dry cell.   Mark in the essential parts of
such a cell.
(6.) Explain the terms:  anode, insulator, closed circuit.
(c.)  Why are "fuses" installed in all electrical circuits?
17        6.  (o.)  What is meant by the dew-point of the air?    Describe an experiment showing
how the dew-point may be determined.
(6.)  Define relative humidity of the air.    In what ways does the humidity of the air
affect us?
17        7.  (o.)  Explain how plants absorb water from the soil.
(6.)  What three uses do plants make of food?
(c.) Explain how insoluble foods (such as starch) are transferred through the plant.
17        8.  (a.)  "Soil is formed from rocks."   What evidence is there that this statement is true.
(6.)  How does vegetation help to prevent erosion of the soil?
(o.)  Why does frequent surface cultivation increase the water-holding capacity of
the soil?
17       9. (tt.) On a summer morning, why does the land adjoining a large body of water heat
more quickly than the water?
(6.)  Mention three common uses of a barometer.    Which of these uses do you regard
as the main one?
(c.)  Briefly compare the aneroid with the mercury barometer as to convenience,
sensitiveness, and accuracy.
Geometry.     (Time, 2% hours.)
11 1. Lighthouse B is 7.3 miles due North of A; lightship C is 12.7 miles South-east of
lighthouse B. Draw a diagram, accurately, to show the relative positions of
A, B, and C.    Determine by measurement how far the lightship C is from A.
11 2. Draw a triangle whose sides are 3 inches, 3% inches, 4 inches. From each vertex
draw a perpendicular to the opposite side. An accurate diagram is required.
Determine by measurement the length of each of the perpendiculars. (Set-squares
may be used.)
13 3. AQB is an equilateral triangle on the base AB. APB is a triangle with the same
base and having /_ APB = 41°, / PBA=92°. The line AX is drawn bisecting
the /_ QAP and cutting BQ in X. Determine the size of the /_ AXB. Give the
authorities for your conclusion.
13 4. Prove that the four interior angles of a quadrilateral are together equal to four right
13       5. Show how to bisect a given angle.   Give proof of your construction.
13       6. If two sides of a triangle are equal, the angles opposite to these sides are equal.
13 7. In the A ABC, AB=AC. BA is produced, through A, to X. Prove that / XAC=
2 / ACB.
13 8. If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each
to each, and also one side of the one equal to the corresponding side of the other,
the triangles are congruent. • History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Ansicer five questions, at least two from each part.]
Part A.
30       !•  (<*•)  Contrast the life of the First and Second Stone Ages.
(6.)  Name three important contributions to civilization of prehistoric man.
(c.)  Describe the industries, architecture, and writing of Ancient Egypt.
30       2.  (a.) Account for the downfall of Assyria.
(6.)  Write a note on our debt to Babylon.
(c.) Trace briefly the history of the Hebrews to the Captivities.
30       3. Write on any four of:—
(a.) The influence of geography on the history of Greece.
(b.) The reforms of Clisthenes.
(c.)  The chief forces which created a feeling of oneness among the Greeks.
{d.)  The work of Themistocles.
(e.)  Why the Greeks established colonies and where they established them.
30 4.. Describe Greek life in the Age of Pericles under the following headings: (a) government; (6) the drama; (c) architecture and sculpture.
30       5.  (a.) Account for the defeat of Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
(6.)  Why was Greece conquered so easily by Philip of Macedon?
(c.)  Give an account of the contributions to science made in the Hellenistic Age.
Part B.
30       I- (*•) What were the motives which led men to make explorations westward in the
15th and 16th centuries?
(6.)  Describe the work of any three of these explorers, other than Columbus.
30 2. Describe the life of the people of New France as follows: (a) Relation of the
habitant to the seignior; (6) the home of the habitant and his social life;
(c) city life.
30 3. Describe the part played by the Church in the government, the education, and the
explorations of New France.
30       4.  (a.) What new conditions in Canada led to the passing of the Constitutional Act?
(6.) How did the Constitutional Act change the government of the country?
(c.)  What were the causes of the War of 1812?
30       6. Write notes on any four of:—
(a.)  Sir Guy Carleton.
(6.)  The conflicting claims of France and Great Britain in America.
(c.) Transportation between 1814-1840.
(d.) The capture of Quebec,
(e.) Two Canadian poets.
(/.)  Two Canadian novelists. R 148
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1. In the left-hand column there is a number of Latin words, opposite each of which are
four English words.    One of these four words gives the correct English word
for the Latin word.    Underline for each Latin word the English word which you
think best gives its meaning, according to the following example:—
I play
I state
I call
I stand
I have
I inhabit
I carry
I teach
I speak
I learn
I hasten
I carry
porter     i ,
I make ready
I obey
I rise
I appeal
I repel
I open
I name
I rule
I hurl
I ejaculate
I point
I find
I invent
I aid
I carry
I forbid
I visit
majority PART III.—APPENDICES. R 149
10       2. Underline the word or phrase which most correctly completes the sentence.
(a.) The Circus Maximus was used for
oratorical contests,    games,    trials,    fairs.
(6.) In the middle of the Circus was
a low wall,    a statue,    a high wall,    an altar,
(c.)  The retiarius was armed with
a shield and sword,    a net and trident,    a spear,    a javelin.
(d.) The tablinum was used as
a dining-room,    a study or office,    a kitchen,    a hall.
(e.) The walls of the atrium were decorated with
tapestries,    pictures in mosaic,    etchings.
(/.)  Roman boys were accompanied to and from school by
slaves,    their mothers,    older boys,    their fathers,
(fir.) Roman schools opened
before daylight,    about nine a.m.,    after lunch,    late in the afternoon.
(h.)  In school the boys wrote on
slates,    parchment rolls,    wax tablets,    blackboards.
(i.) The most queenly of goddesses worshipped especially by women was
Minerva,    Diana,    Ceres,    Juno.
(j.) The god of war was
Mercury,    Mars,    Neptune,    Jupiter,
(fc.)  The god of the sea was
Apollo,    Mercury,    Neptune,    Pluto.
(I.) The temple dedicated to Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva was the
Pantheon,    Capitol,    Temple of Jupiter,    Temple of Venus.
(m.) The most famous road leading from Rome was
Via Appia,    Via Flaminia,    Via Sacra.
(n.) The harbour of ancient Rome was
Ostia,    Alba Longa,    Pompeii,    Brundisium.
(o.) The country which we now call France the Romans called
Hispania,    Britannia,    Gallia,    Sicilia.
5        3. Place in the parentheses before each Latin word the number of the English phrase or
group of words in the column on the right, which translates the given Latin word.
what news.
of the booty itself,
they have ploughed.
pay attention,
they had asked.
quid novi
they are being ordered.
you will be taught.
praedae ipsius
you are being ordered,
do not take.
operam da
for the booty itself,
we had gone.
noli capere
you are placed.
we went,
which novel.
do not call.
it was being fortified.
you were being taught.
4. Underline that one of the words or phrases following each sentence which means the
same or most nearly the same as the italicized word in the sentence. R 150 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(a.) He owns twenty-five acres of arable land.
dry,   able to be cleared,   able to be cultivated,   wooded.
(b.) The armour made the soldier almost invulnerable.
safe,    not able to be wounded,    clumsy,    slow,
(c.)  I went at once to her irate father.
loving,    proud,    angry,    rich.
(d.) The mural decorations were magnificent.
wall,    ceiling,    floor,    door,
(e.)  The stock-market readings show a tendency to fluctuate.
remain steady,    go up,    go down,    waver.
(/.)  The Romans were accustomed to deify their emperors.
make gods of,    forget,    set up images of,    remember.
(g.) They derided his attempt to do the work.
praised,    admired,    laughed at,    aided.
(7t.)  The speaker clarified the prevailing ideas concerning taxation.
disputed,    expressed,    agreed with,    made clear,
(i.)  His extreme egotism was disagreeable to his friends.
talkativeness,    self-conceit,    silence,    audacity.
(j.) He gave his tacit consent.
silent,    angry,    willing,    unwilling.
[Note.—Do not translate these Latin paragraphs into English.    See questions below.]
10       5. Sunt multi portus in ora maritima Italiae.    Ostia et Brundisium sunt magni portus
Romani.    Ostia enim est portus urbis Romae,  et Brundisium est portus unde
(whence) naves ab Italia ad Graeciam trans mare Adriaticum navigant.
Nunc vobis portum Romanum describo. Moles ingens circum portum aediflcata est.
Haec moles longa et alta a fluctibus maris naves protegit. Vis enim fluctuum
hac mole firma frangitur, et hoc in portu naves sunt tutae. Medio in portu est
navis longa, nautis et militibus plena. Est quoque in portu navigium velo albo
ornatum. Ultra hoc navigium ostium angustum portus videri potest. Alta turris
prope ostium surgit. Lucerna magna hac in turri nautis nocte portum monstrat.
Haec lucerna in alta turri posita longe ab ora a nautis nocte videri potest.
Ultra gradus qui sunt in portu est templum Neptuni, dei maris. Hie deus, Jovis
frater, omnia maria omnesque aquas terrarum regit. In hoc templo nautae, qui
in tutuni ex periculis maris venerunt, Neptunum adorant.
The questions written in Latin below relate to the Latin paragraphs just above.
Read the Latin paragraphs above carefully and then write in English the answers
to the following questions:—
(a.) Ubi est Ostia?
(6.)  Quid est medio in portu?
(c.)  Cur naves in portu sunt tutae?
(d.)  Quo eunt naves quae Brundisio (from Brundisium) navigant?
(e.)  Quid ultra navigium velo albo ornatum videri potest?
(/.)  Quid prope ostium portus surgit?
(fir.)  Quid a nautis videri potest qui (who) longe ab ora absunt (are distant)?
(h.)  Quis erat Neptunus?
30       6. Translate into Latin :—-
(a.)  Spain and Gaul are countries of ancient Europe.
(6.)  There are many countries both large and small in Ancient Europe.
(c.)  The little girls are looking at the high walls.
(d.) We see the picture of a Roman school.
(e.)   Surely you saw the magnificent buildings in the Roman Forum, didn't you? PART III.—APPENDICES. R 151
(/.)  The Romans obeyed Jupiter, the greatest god.
(fir.)  I wrote the words with chalk, but they wrote them with pens.
(h.) He is not yet ready to look at the wall in the middle of the arena.
(i.)  With whom can we go to the games?
(/.) We hurried along the narrow streets to school.
(k.) Rome was built on seven hills.    Have you learned the names of these hills?
(I.) The enemy paid no attention to the weapons hurled by our men.
(m.)  In the tenth year of the war Troy was captured by trickery by the Greeks.
(n.) Ships are often wrecked by the force of the waves.
(o.)  Do not go to school with them.    Come with me.
15       7. Translate the following paragraphs into English :—
Omnes Romani opulenti amicos ad cenam saepe vocant, et saepe ad cenam ab
amicis vocantur. Pater meus saepe ad cenam ab amicis vocatur, et saepe
amicos ad cenam voeat. Convivae ab eo vocati ad janunm nostram nona
hora adveniunt. Janua ab eis pulsatur: statim a janitore eis reseratur.
Deinde ab servis in atrium ducuntur, ubi colloquium cum patre meo habetur.
Mox omnes In triclinium eunt.
Hac in pictura triclinium nostrum a vobis videtur. Unam mensam et tres lectos
circum mensam positos videtis. Pater meus et amici ejus quoque in pictura
videntur. Ego autem in triclinio non videor, pueris enim in triclinio nullus
est locus.    Nos pueri in triclinium cum convivis non vocamur.
5        8- Give the second person singular present indicative of nolo	
second person plural perfect indicative active of circumsisto	
third person plural future indicative passive of video	
present infinitive passive of jacio	
third person plural imperfect indicative passive of facio	
10       9. Give the genitive singular of genu ipsum	
ablative singular of mare ingens	
genitive plural of nauta felix	
dative singular of una navis	
vocative singular of meus filius	 Grade X.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer question one and any five of the remainder.]
30       1- "What kitchen-garden crops do you recommend, and how would you arrange your
vegetable garden?
16       2. By what means can soil-fertility be maintained and increased under conditions where
stable manure is not available in sufficient quantities?
16       3. What is meant by capillarity or surface attraction, and how may we successfully
prevent excessive evaporation of soil-moisture?
16       4. Which are the main points to be considered in the transplanting of a seedling, a shrub,
or a tree?
16       5. Which are the two most common weeds in your locality, and what methods would
you recommend to control the same?
16       6. Why do we use green feeds and fresh vegetables for our domestic animals as well
as for ourselves?
16       7. How would you establish and maintain high egg production through breeding, rearing,
%. and feeding?
16       8. Why does the fruit-grower use different sprays?
Algebea.    (Time, 2 hours.)
8 1. Divide a2 - 6b2 - 21 + ab - ia + 236 by a - 2b + 3.
16        2. Simplify:—
(a.) 35^^-^3x-»(7x-4y)^ + 8(y-2x).
(b.) i>+2)fl+_64+2)\ (i_   54+J)   1
I       x2-x-6)   I       a-2 + 3a: + 2 J
28 3.  Resolve each of the following into two or more factors :—
(a.) xsy + 2x2y - 63xy.
(6.) x2 - i(x - y)2.
(c.) (a + b) (a- -ab + b2) - (b + e) (b2 - bc + c2).
(d.) xi+\0x2y2+%yi.
(e.)  x* - 30a;V + 9y*.
{/.) c2-a2-b2 + 2ab.
(g.) c2 - 2ac -bc + 2ab.
12        4. Find the lowest common multiple of :—
h* + h2k2 + ¥, h3k + k\ (h2 - hkf.
8 5. Express in its lowest terms the square root of :—
x* -8x2 + 16
x* - 2xr> - llx^■{■ 12a;+36'
16        6. Solve:—
(a.) 3(» + 5) + 2(2.e-27)_r
x+l x+3
j,,   5a;-21=a;-32/_3y + 37
■     17    is     n PART III.—APPENDICES. R 153
12 7.  A dealer sells bicycles so as to make 50% profit.    A rival dealer, who buys the
same bicycles $3 cheaper and sells $3 cheaper, makes 55% profit.     What
price does the first dealer pay for the bicycles?
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Work need not be shown, but record answer on dotted line at end of question.]
3       1.  (a.)  Name four different ways a man in Vancouver can pay a debt in Nelson without
actually sending cash :—■
3 (b.)  What per cent, is made on investment by buying 6% stock at 75?	
3 (c.)  At what rate per cent, simple interest will any sum of money double itself in
12% years?	
3 (d.) 7: 4=3:	
1 (e.)  The formula for finding the area of circle is	
1 (/.) Ad valorem duty is reckoned on	
1 (fir.)  Specific duty is reckoned on 	
3 (h.) It V, of A's money equals 2% of B's, express B's money in terms of A's	
1 (i.) 40° Centigrade^ ° Fahrenheit.
8 2. Three men rent a pasture for $270. The first puts in 22 sheep for 6 weeks, the second
19 sheep for 7 weeks, and the third 35 sheep for 4 weeks. How much rental
ought each to pay?
8       3. What is the cost in Toronto of a draft on New York for $3,479.37 when Canadian
money is %% premium in New York?
13 4. My money in the savings bank was paying me 3%% interest. I drew out $2,002 and
invested it in stock at 125, brokerage %%. The stock yielded a semi-annual
dividend of 2%%. Was my semi-annual dividend increased or diminished, and
how much?
[Ansiver either (a) or (5).]
13       5.  (a.) A ladder 41 ft. long stands upright against a wall.    Find how far the foot of
the ladder must be pulled out from the wall to lower the top one foot.
13 (&■) A farmer wishes to build a cylindrical silo that will hold sufficient feed for
27 cows, each requiring an average of 44 lbs. of corn silage per day for
175 days. If a cu. ft. of corn silage weighs 42 lbs. and the silo is 15 ft.
in diameter, what must the height be?
15 6. A man sold his property for $6,250, receiving 40% of this amount in cash and taking
a 70-day note bearing 7% interest for the balance. He discounted the note at
8% the day it was made.    How much did he receive for his property?
15 7. I invested $4,200 in real estate. I insured the building for $3,300 at a premium of
1%% for 3 years. I paid the taxes for 1 year on an assessment of $3,150, the
rate being 15 mills on the dollar. Repairs for the year cost $125. At the end
of one year I sold the property for $4,600 through an agent who charged 1%%
commission.   During the year I received $504 as rent and on sale of the property R 154 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
I received from the purchaser my proper rebate of the premium I had paid.    Find
my net gain on the transaction.
15 8. I bought a farm for $10,000, payable one-half cash, the remainder in 1 year, with
interest at 6%. I sell immediately for $12,000, payable in 3 mos., with interest at
4%.    What is my present gain, money being worth 5% per annum?
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.    Answer four only.]
1. Rewrite the following, supply the missing words, and underline the words supplied:—
The higher plants consist of three primary parts—roots, stems, and leaves.   The roots
 water and through specialized cells known as
    The water passes through the outer portion of the root, the
 to the central region known as the    In the leaves
the water unites with to form , which is a soluble
product.    This process of food manufacture is carried on chiefly in the	
cells which contain numerous green plastids known as     The green
substance,  is essential for food manufacture but cannot carry on the
process except in the presence of , from which it obtains the necessary
energy.    During the day when food manufacture is going on rapidly some of it may
be stored in the form of ; at night any excess food is converted again
into and is carried through the region of the vascular
bundles to some growing or food-storage region.    The growing regions are situated at
the of both stem and root.   In Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons there
is another growing area, the      The former kind of growing regions
increase the   of the plant;   the latter increases the 	
Spermatophytes have a common characteristic indicated by their name;   that is, they
have  ; in Gymnosperms these structures are   while
in Angiosperms they are   Dicotyledons, in contrast with Monocotyledons, have leaves, vascular bundles arranged in the form of a
 , and the parts of the flower are grouped in or	
2. Give an account of experiments and observations which demonstrate that plants respond to
stimuli such as light, gravity, water, and contact.
3. Describe and compare the fruits of the Rosacea?, and explain the origin of the parts in each
case. (Note.—a description of the fruits of the apple, the plum, the rose, the strawberry,
and the raspberry would be regarded as a full answer; other representative examples
may be selected.)
4. Name two weeds and two poisonous plants which grow in' your home region.   What characters
of weeds and of poisonous plants respectively, are illustrated by the examples selected?
To what family does each belong, and what characters of the family are illustrated in
each case?
5. Name four plants- which grow on dry slopes and four which grow in the shade of forests,
or other similar habitat. How are the plants of each association related to their conditions of life?
Chemistey.    (-Time, 2 hours.)
7       1.(0.) Describe a laboratory method for preparing hydrogen chloride.   Illustrate with
a diagram.
3 (6.) Write the equation for this reaction.
5 (c.) How would you test for chloride?    Give equation. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 155
5 2. (ffl.) Clearly distinguish between oxidizing agent and reducing agent.   Give a suitable
example of each.
4 (6.)  What is the distinction between a symbol and a formula?
6 (c.) Write formula for the following: calcium hydroxide; potassium chloride; zinc
sulphate; sodium nitrate.
8 3. (a.) Describe an experiment showing, with the aid of a diagram, how the composition of water by weight may be found. What is the composition of water
by weight?
5 (o.)  State the main physical properties of water.
10       4. Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide at 21° C. and 735 mm. pressure that will be
produced when 318 grams of sodium carbonate are treated with an excess dilute
sulphuric acid.
(Na=23; C = 12; 0 = 16.)
8       5.  (o.)  State the Law of Multiple Proportions.    Use the oxides of carbon in explaining
this law.
5 (6.)  What are the chief properties of carbon monoxide?
3 (c.) How could you distinguish between carbon dioxide and nitrogen?
10       6.  (a.) Define the terms catalyst, reversible action, distillation, neutralization.
5 (6.)  If 500 cc. of a gas under standard conditions weighs 0.36 grams, what is the
molecular weight of the gas?
16       7. Write the equations and name the products formed in each of the following:—
(o.)  A current of steam is passed over red-hot iron filings in an iron tube.
(b.) Metallic sodium is placed on water,
(c.) Mercuric oxide is heated.
(d.) A solution of dilute hydrochloric acid acts on a piece of marble.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1- Substitute condensed expressions for the italicized portions of the following:—
(1.)  He uttered his words carefully and with deliberation.
(2.)  He lay awake through the long hours of the night.
(3.) There is no doubt that the confusion was very great.
(4.) It is certain that the report is false.
(5.)   While this was happening the cavalry came up.
6       2. Punctuate the following :—
(1.)  As he was about to descend he heard a voice from a distance hallooing
Rip Van Winkle Rip Van Winkle.
(2.) Poor Wolf he would say thy mistress leads thee a dog's life of it but never
mind my lad whilst I live thou shalt never want a friend to stand by
9 3. Write a personal letter, of from fifty to seventy-five words, to a former school friend
congratulating him (or her) upon his (or her) recovery from an illness. Write
also the envelope address.
75       4. Write a composition of from two to three hundred words upon one of the following
topics:— R 156 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(1.) The appearance and character of William de la Marck.   (Quentin Durward.)
(2.) The Battle of Philippi.    (Julius Caesar.)
(3.) The fairy characters.    (A Midsummer Night's Dream.)
(4.) Boys' clubs or girls' clubs.
English Literatube.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer Section A, Part I. or Part II.;  and Section B;
and any one section from Sections C, D, and E.]
Section A.
Part I. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part I.
15        1. Explain carefully three of the following passages, giving the name and author of the
poem from which each is taken:—
(a.) The hound is kin to the jackal-spawn—howl, dog, and call them up!
(&.) In spots like these it is we prize
Our Memory, feel that she hath eyes,
(c.) Chill Penury repress'd their noble rage,
And froze the genial current of the soul.
(d.) I will not part
With any sympathy for common things.
15       2. State clearly what you consider to be the central thought of each of the following
(a.) "St. Agnes' Eve."
(6.) "The Choristers."
(c.) "The Poplars."
10        3. Tell briefly in your own words the story of :—■
(a.)  " The Ballad of East and West."
(&.)  " The Yarn of the Nancy Bell."
Part II. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part II.
15       1. Explain carefully three of the following passages, giving the name and author of
the poem from which each is taken:—
(a.) "With aged eyes aghast
From fright of dim espial."
(&.) I've studied men from my topsy-turvy
Close, and, I reckon, rather true,
(c.)        How happy he who crowns in shades like these,
A youth of labour with an age of ease.
(d.) With thy clear keen joyance
Languor cannot be.
15       2. State clearly what you consider to be the central thought of each of the following
(a.) "To Daffodils."
(6.) "Just a Clerk."
(c.) "The Ice-Cart." PART III.—APPENDICES. R 157
10       3. Tell briefly in your own words the story of one of the following:—
(a.)  " Bishop Hatto."
(&.) "Herve Riel."
(c.) The lovers' escape in "The Eve of St. Agnes."
Section B.   English Peose Selections, Paet II.
[Note.—Answer question 1 and either 2 or 8.]
15        1- Write briefly on one of the following:—
(a.)  Rosalinda's unlucky mole.    ("Party Patches.")
(&.)  Minding one's business.    ("A Political Upholsterer.")
(c.)  Ralph Bigod, Esq.    ("The Two Races of Men.")
(d.) Habits of the poor relation.    ("Poor Relations.")
(e.)  What would happen if all men were found out.    (" On Being Found Out.")
(/.) A plea for ancient humour.    (" The Newness of the Old.")
(fir.)  Sam Trusty is made ridiculous.    ("Growing Old.")
(h.) Attempts to borrow money.    (" History of the Man in Black.")
15       2. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following :—■
(ffl.)  Essential qualities of a good schoolmaster.    ("The Good Schoolmaster.")
(6.)  Provincial gentry in London.    (" The State of England in 1685.")
(c.) The justice of Johnson's rebuke.    ("Letter to Chesterfield.")
(d.)  Lincoln's political idealism.    ("The Gettysburg Address.")
3. Write on one of the following:—•
(a.) The tense atmosphere in "The Three Strangers."
(6.) The character of Mrs. Clinton.    ("The Prince Consort.")
(c.)  The feeling of impending tragedy in " The Fall of the House of Usher."
Section C. Julius Caesar.
10       1- Give all the reasons you can for the decline in the fortunes of Brutus and Cassius.
10       2. Discuss the methods used by Cassius to get Brutus and Casca into the plot.
10       3. Discuss in a paragraph one of the following:—■
(a.)  The cleverness of Antony's speech.
(&.)  The quarrel of Brutus and Cassius.
Section D.   A Midsummeb Night's Deeam.
10       1- What popular superstitions regarding the fairies does Shakespeare make use of in
A Midsummer Night's Dream?"
10       2. Compare Hermia and Helena with respect to disposition.
10       3. " The main interest in the play lies in the series of humorous situations."    Discuss
this statement fully.
Section E. Quentin Dueward.
15        1. Write a paragraph on one of the following:—■
(a.) The humour of Trois Eschelles and Petit-Andre.
(6.)  The Scottish Archers.
15       2. Give a brief account of one of the following:—
(a.) Cardinal Balue's plight at the boar hunt.
(&.)  The dramatic interview between Louis and the Astrologer.
(c.)  Quentin Durward's narrow escape from the Provost-Marshal. R 158 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answers to be written on this paper.]
11       1. Write sentences in French explaining any seven of the following words :—
(a.)    Le chasseur.
(&.) Le tailleur.
(c.)  La modiste.
(d.) Le wagon-restaurant.
(e.) La salle de bains.
(/.) Le rez-de-chaussee.
(fir.)  Les emplettes.
(h.) Noel.
(i.)  Paques.
(j.) Victoria.
10       2. Write a suitable pronoun in each of the spaces provided below:—
(a.)  Voila les enfants avec   je jouais hier.
'(&.) De ces deux messieurs je connais  qui parle.
(c.)   des deux chiens aimez-vous?
(d.) J'aime  ; l'autre est trop laid.
(e.) Voici la maison dans  l'homme est entrS.
(/.)    sont mes amis.
(fir.)  Le monsieur je parle est M. Dubois.
(h.)  Les plumes vous avez, sont k Jean.
(i.) Marie et allons a l'ecole.
(/.)  Vous etes plus grand que	
10       3. Rewrite the following sentences, putting pronouns in the place of nouns :—
(ffl.)  Ne donnez pas les fleurs a Marie.
(&.)  Nous avons ecrit la lettre au gargon.
(c.)  J'ai demande les cahiers au professeur.
(d.) Nous achetons des fleurs chez Brown.
10       4. Write verbs in tense indicated:—
(a.)  lis ont bu  (present).
(6.)  11 sait tout (future).
(c.)  Us ont recu  (present).
(d.)  Ouvre-t-elle?  (past indef.).
(e.) Nous envoyons (future).
(/.)  Elle voit (imperfect).
(fir.)  Elles partent (past indef.).
(h.) lis s'habillent (past indef.).
(i.) II a fait (present).
(j.)  II finit (imperf.).
15       5. Use in sentences  (not less than 10 words)  the following expressions.    Afterwards
translate the sentences formed into English,
(o.)  II faut.
(6.)  Tout,
(c.) Chacun.
(d.) En avion,
R 159
6. Write in French :—
(a.)  They are learning to speak French.
(6.)  This window is eleven feet long by three feet wide.
(c.)   Scissors are used for cutting cotton.
(d.) Little George knows how to play ball.
(e.) She went to bed later than usual.
(/.)  Nearly everybody has a good time in summer.
(fir.)  When the holidays come I shall go to the country.
7. Write a paragraph in French (about 75 words) on one of the following subjects :—
(a.)  Une journee a l'ecole.
(b.) Une promenade sur l'eau.
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
1. Construct a triangle, given height 2 in., angles at the extremities of the base 45"
and 60°.    Give a neat and accurate diagram.    Determine by measurement the
length of the base.
2. AB is a straight line, and P is a point 2 in. from it.    Find two points each 1% in.
from P and 2% in. from AB.    A neat and accurate diagram is required.
3. Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
4. C is the middle point of the straight line AB.    From A, B, C, AX, BY, CZ are drawn
perpendicular to a given straight line PQ.   Prove that, if A and B are on the
same side of the line PQ, AX+BY=2CZ.
5. If two sides of a triangle are unequal, the greater side has the greater angle opposite
to it.
6. If two unequal circles cut at P and Q, prove that the line joining their centres
bisects PQ at right angles.
7. In the diagram, ABC is a triangle right-angled at B; AMNB and CQPA are squares;
BXY is drawn parallel to AP.    Prove that the parallelogram AXYP is equal to
the square AMNB.
8. Find a point on the base of a scalene triangle equidistant from the two sides. Give
the proof of your construction. Prove that this point is not the middle point of
the base.
ABC is an isosceles triangle (AB=AC) ; BN is drawn perpendicular to AC.   Prove
that 2AC.CN=BC2. R 160 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer five questions, at least two from each part.]
Part A.
30       1-  (o.) What were the forces sapping the strength of the Roman Empire before its fall?
(6.)  Why is the Reign of Augustus important in Roman history?
30       2.  (o.) What evils did the Gracchi try to remedy?
(B.) What remedies did they propose?
(o.) Why did they fail?
(d.)  Show how Julius Caesar continued the policy of the Gracchi.
30       3. Describe life in feudal times under the following headings:   (a) the life of the noble;
(b) the duties of a serf; (c) the life and industries of the town.
30       4.  (ffl.)  Show how the Renaissance changed men's attitude to life.
(6.) Describe how and why the Renaissance developed in Italy,
(c.)  Show what its influence was on Art and Discovery.
30       5. Write on any four of:—
(ffl.)  What Rome learned from the Etruscans and Greeks in the earlier years
of her history.
(b.) The good work done by the monks,
(c.)  Early Teutonic methods of trial.
(d.) How Parliament developed from the reigns of Henry III. to Edward III.,
(e.) The efforts of the Catholic Church to counteract the work of the Reformation.
Past B.
30       I-  (o-)  What reasons were advanced for effecting a federation of the British colonies
in North America?
(B.)  Show the part played by Macdonald, Brown, and Howe in the Confederation
(c.)  Describe briefly how British Columbia entered Confederation.
30       2.  (ffl.)  Give three examples of disputes between Canada and the United States which
were settled peaceably.    Show in each case what the settlement was.
(B.) What  were the two  principal efforts made to  obtain closer  trade relations
between the two countries?   With what success?
30       3.  (ffl.)  Show the part played by the Hudson's Bay Company in the settlement of the
Pacific Coast.
(B.)  Describe the work of Sir James Douglas as governor.
30       4. (a.)  Show how Canada's imperial and external relations have developed since the
Great War?
(B.) What important railway problem faced Canada after the Great War?   How has
it been solved?
30       5- Write notes on any four of the following :—
(o.) The causes of the Rebellion of 1S37 in Upper Canada.
(B.) Lord Elgin.
(c.) The National Policy.
(d.) Sir Arthur Currie.
(e.) Charles G. D. Roberts.
(/.) Sir Gilbert Parker. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 161
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
15       1. Write the second plural future indicative active of eapio	
second plural present subjunctive of malo	
second plural present indicative of nolo	
third singular pluperfect subjunctive active of fero	
third singular future indicative of proflciscor	
third singular perfect subjunctive of sum	
third singular future indicative of utor	
perfect infinitive of sequor	
perfect infinitive of adsum	
plural present imperative active of audio	
second singular perfect indicative active of pono	
second singular present indicative passive of fero	
second plural present indicative active of fero	
third plural present subjunctive active of noceo	
third singular pluperfect subjunctive active of repello..
2. Write the genitive singular of miles alter	
genitive singular of alia res	
dative singular of lacus alius	
dative singular of iter difficile	
accusative plural of flumen longius..
ablative singular of animal eelere....
ablative singular of pedes audax	
8       3. Fill in the three degrees of comparison of these words, adjectives or adverbs, as the
case may be :■—
Positive. Comparative. Superlative.
15        4. Write in Latin:—•
(a.) They hasten to a place of safety.
(B.) At night fall.
(c.)  They disembark.
(d.) They set sail.
(e.)  They flee with great speed.
(/.) We stationed a garrison on the top of the mountain.
(jr.) They were equal in valour.
(h.) I prefer to treat with you.
(i.)   He injured the horse.
(j.)   He resisted his brother.
(k.) He surrendered for the sake of peace.
(I.)  He trusted his friend.
(m.) He is desirous of waging war.
(n.) He become consul.
(o.) He used his sword,
ll R 162 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
5. Write in Latin :—
3 . (o.) The camp had to be fortified as quickly as possible.
3 (B.)  He said that he could have written.
3 (c.) The general sent soldiers to fortify the camp.
3 (d.)  When he was leading the infantry, the cavalry arrived.
3 (e.) He left two cohorts to guard the camp.
3 (/•)  He said that they had restored the hostages which they had received.
3 (<7.) He warned the centurions not to attack the Gauls.
3 (ft.) After seizing the higher ground, they built a trench around the camp.
3 (i.)   So great a storm arose that they were unable to march.
3 (}■) He ordered his cavalry to hasten into Germany.    (Use impero.)
3 (fc.) He ordered the ambassadors to leave the camp.    (Use jubeo.)
6. Translate:—
5 (1.) Eodem tempore Caesar certior factus est Germanos, qui nuper in Galliam
transportati essent, fines Aeduorum populari, et magnam multitudinem
Sueborum ad ripas Rheni venisse.
3 (o.) Account for the case of tempore, Germanos.
1 (B.) Account for the mood of transportati essent.
7 (2.)  Ceteros aggressus, magnam partem eorum occidit; reliqui sese in proximas
silvas abdiderunt, Hoc proelio facto, ut reliquas copias Helvetiorum
consequi posset, pontem facit, atque ita exercitum traducit. Turn per
multos dies Caesar Helvetios insequitur, novissimumque agmen lacessit.
1 (ct.) Account for the mood of posset.
1 (B.) Give the principal parts of lacessit.
6 (3.) His rebus Circe vehementer commota ad pedes ejus se projecit et multis cum
lacrimis pollicita est se, quae ille imperavisset, omnia facturam. Ita
sociis receptis Ulixes nuntium ad navem misit, qui reliquis Graecis quae
facta essent nuntiaret.
3 (a.) Account for the case of rebus, Graecis.
3 (B.)  Account for the mood of imperavisset, facta essent, nuntiaret.
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.]
1. (ffl.) A body, of mass 6 grams, has a sinker attached to it and the two together weigh 16
grams in water.   The sinker alone weighs 34 grams in water.   What is the density
of the body?
(B.) Define the following terms:   British  thermal unit,  specific heat,  thermal Capacity,
temperature, calorie.
2. (o.) State the Molecular Theory of Magnetism and give three facts which support the theory.
(B.) A piece of wood of mass 100 grams floats in water with % of its volume immersed.
What is its volume?
3. (ffl.)  State Boyle's Law and describe a simple experimental proof of it.
(B.) The capacity of the receiver of an air-pump is twice that of the barrel; what fractional
part of the original air will be left in the receiver after the first stroke is completed?
4. (o.)  On dropping 100 grams of a metal, of specific heat 0.1, at 200° C. into 600 grams of oil
the temperature of the oil raised from 15° C. to 20° C.    Calculate the specific heat
of the oil.
(b.) What is meant by the mechanical advantage of a machine?   Illustrate your answer by
reference to a diagram of the inclined plane.
5. (a.) Describe a simple experiment which shows how convection currents are set up in air.
(B.) Show clearly how nature uses this same principle in establishing land and sea breezes,
(c.)  Show by a diagram how an eye sees the image of an object before a plane mirror.
6. (ffl.)  Describe clearly how to charge an insulated conductor (1) positively and (2) negatively
by a glass rod which has been rubbed with silk.
(B.)  Explain the following terms:   cells in series, cells in parallel, closed circuit.    Draw a
diagram in each case,
(c.) By reference to a diagram show how a compass-needle may be used to determine the
direction in which an electric current is flowing through a wire.    State the rule. Grade XI., Junior Matriculation and Normal Entrance.
Ageicultuee.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer question one and any six of the remainder.]
10       1- Why should legumes form an integral part in any good crop-rotation?
15       2. In what ways does drainage affect the soil, and crop production in general?
15       3. How would you proceed to ascertain whether or not a certain field will respond to
the application of commercial fertilizers?
15       4. What methods would you employ to preserve liquid manure and to prevent heavy
losses of organic material and plant-food in stable manure?
15       5. How can the farmer, the distributer, and the consumer co-operate in the production
and maintenance of first-class milk?
15        6. What effect has the activity of cow-testing associations on the economy of milk
production ?
15        7. For what purpose do we buy concentrates, and how can we most effectively reduce
the feed bill?
15       8. Which are the two most common plant-diseases in your district, and what measures
are generally recommended for their control?
15       9. How do the various breeds of hens compare in the provincial egg-laying competitions?
Algebea.    (Time, 2% hours.)
12 1.  Factor:—
(a.)  6x2 + 9x-8xy- I2y.
(b.) 4o*+15ffl262-46*.
(c.) x + 8a3xys.
(d.) 9r2a; - 25ste.
12 2.  (a.) Simplify:—
/  2x x   \ ^ /  3x        2x \
\x - 2    x - 1 /     \x ~ 3    x — 2/
and check your work by letting x = 4.
(6.) Solve:—
4x - 3y + 4z = -3.
2x + y - 5z = - 2.
12        3. (a.) In the formula T = 2ttR (R + H) :—
(1.) Solve for H in terms of the other letters.
(2.) If-r = 3.14, R=ll, T = 794.42, find H.
(b.) A man starts from a certain place and walks at the rate of a milrs an hour;
b hours later another man starts from the same place and rides in the
same direction at the rate of c miles an hour.    In how many hours will
the second man overtake the first 1
12        4. (a.) Solve:—
b(a + x) - (a + x) (b - x) = a;2 + —-.
a Value.
(b.) Simplify: —
8ffl-3      3    9a;2
27a;6/       U»-»
14 5.  (a.) Solve :  2 Jx- Jix-3 = —T	
v 4x — 3
(6.) Solve: 4x-2 + y2= 17, 2a: + y = 5.
14 6. (a.) Explain why a~2 has the value —
(b.) Find in simplified form a third proportional to  J 3 + 1 and   J 3 + 2.
(c.) Find two numbers which are in the ratio of 16 : 9 and which have 24 as a
mean proportional between them.
12 7. (a.) If I lend a certain sum of money for a certain time at 6% (simple interest),
the interest exceeds the loan by $160; but if I lend it at 4% for half
that time (simple interest), the loan exceeds the interest by $480. What
is the sum ?
(b.) A workman, wishing to explode a blast of powder, set the fuse to cause the
explosion to take place in 30 seconds. He then ran away at the rate of
8 yards a second. How far had he run when he heard the explosion, if
sound travels 1,080 ft. per second?
12 8.  (a.) Show by graphing  that  the three lines a? =2,  3x + 4y = 10, x = 2y, have a
common point.
(6.) Find the equation of the line through (1, 1) and ( - 3, 4).    Show (algebraically)
that the point (5, - 2) lies on this line.    Find (algebraically) where the
line crosses the Y-axis.
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer four only.]
1. Rewrite the following, supply the missing words, and underline each:—
The seeds of Gymnosperms are produced on the upper surface of , which are
grouped together to form a ;  in Angiosperms the seeds are enclosed by
the and the seed, or seeds, together with the covering are known as the
 ;  mature " seeds " such as those of the corn consist of three regions, the
outer and , the inner , and the ;  other seeds when
mature have no , since the food which it contained has been stored in
the     When a seed sprouts the is the first to emerge, while
the appear last.    The curved portion which first breaks through the
ground in a bean is known as the     Winged seeds such as those of the
 are carried by the wind, while in other cases-the fruit is winged;  for
Ferns and mosses have no seeds but reproduce by means of    In the fern the
latter are produced on the lower side of the leaf in capsules known as	
Water is absorbed by plants by specialized cells known as    The process is
called    This process is dependent upon the storage of within
the cells of the root, since the movement of the water is toward the	
The water moves up the root and stem through the region;   when it
arrives at the leaf some of the water is used in the of foods, the process
being known as ;  a part of the water escapes through the	
and evaporates.   The rate at which this evaporation or occurs is dependent R 166 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
upon a number of conditions, two of which are the and of
the atmosphere.
2. Make diagrams to illustrate the vertical and transverse sections and give the floral formulae
corresponding to the following descriptions:—
(a.)  carpels—2, syncarpous, inferior;
stamens—5, syngynesious, epipetalous;
petals—5, united to form a ligulate structure, epigynous;
sepals—a pappus,
and (B.)  carpels—many, apocarpous, superior;
stamens—many, hypogynous;
petals—5, polypetalous, hypogynous, similar;
sepals—5, cohesion (free) and adhesion, hypogynous.
3. Name four plants most commonly found in bogs, or on rocky slopes.    Describe generally the
roots, stems, and leaves of each, noting especially the features which are specialized in
relation to the conditions of life.
4. Describe the structure of the stem of a tree.    Name the parts and explain the use of each.
How does the stem grow?   How does the bark of an old tree differ from that of a young
Describe the cellular structure of a leaf.    How is the structure of each cell related to its
special work?
5. Describe the root,  stem, leaves   (fronds), and sporangia  of a fern.    Give an account of
alternation of generations as illustrated by a fern.
Chemistey.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Candidates tcill answer all of Section A and any three questions from Section B.
Atomic iceights are given at the end of the paper.]
Section A.
14       1.  (o.)  Define the following terms : deliquescence, water of crystallization, dehydration,
acid salt.
(B.)  State Henry's Law.
H 2. Give a brief account of the electrolytic dissociation theory. What is meant by the
statement that nitric acid is a strong acid?
13 3. State the differences between hydrogen chloride and hydrochloric acid. Could
concentrated nitric acid be substituted for sulphuric acid in making hydrochloric
acid from salt?    Explain fully.
13 4. How is the quantity of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere kept nearly constant? Why
is air not considered a compound?
13 5. What is meant by a reversible reaction? What factors may influence the direction
of a chemical reaction? Give illustrations showing how the direction of a reaction
may be controlled.
Section B.
13 6. What constituents should a perfect food contain? What are the main purposes of
food?    What are vitamins?
13 7. What is the composition of baking-powder? What chemical reaction is involved in
its use? How could you measure the relative efficiency of two such powders?
Why does a solution of sodium bicarbonate react alkaline with litmus? PART III.—APPENDICES. R 167
13       8. Give an account of the commercial process for manufacturing:   (a) sodium hydroxide,
(B) aluminium metal, and (c) water-glass.
13 9- What pressure must be applied to a body of gas in order that its volume will measure
150 cc. at 21° C, when its volume at 15° C. and 751 mm. pressure measures
217.5 e.c?
13 10. A sample of impure sodium chloride weighing 4 grams was dissolved in water and
excess of silver nitrate solution added. The precipitate of silver chloride weighed
6.9420 grams.    Calculate the percentage of chlorine in the original sample.
13 11. An oxide of nitrogen contains 30.44 per cent. N and 69.56 per cent. O ; 250 cc. of this
gas reduced to standard conditions weighs 1.0268 grams. Derive its molecular
13     12. Taking an acre as a square 209 feet on each side and the pressure of the air as 14.5 lb.
per square inch, calculate in pounds the weight of air above each acre of ground.
About how much of this is nitrogen?    Why, in spite of the great abundance of
nitrogen, is it necessary to fertilize with nitrogen compounds?
Atomic weights:  Na=23, 01=35.5, Ag=108, N=14, 0=16.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates are reminded that they are expected to spell and punctuate correctly. They are
therefore urged to leave some few minutes free for a revision of their papers. They are
also reminded that they cannot expect marks for paragraphs and essays that are not well
organized and well worked out. They are therefore urged to plan their compositions before
they begin to torite. The plan of the essay in question 2 must be written in the examination
book as part of the answer.]
35 1- State definitely what is ineffective or wrong in the following sentences, and rewrite
them in correct form:—
(a.)  The bad result is due, to speak justly, only partly to his folly.
(B.)  Germany ought to be able to make large payments, for they are a thrifty
and industrious nation,
(o.)  Having enjoyed the party very much, it was now time to go home.
(d.) We have an excellent line of black ladies' silk stockings,
(e.)  The shipment North of the best oranges begins about December first, and
in a good season the owner of a thriving grove makes a handsome profit.
75 2. Write a composition on one of the subjects named below. Your plan, written in
proper form, must accompany the composition. For purposes of this paper, an
essay need not be longer than three or four hundred words.
(ffl.) The part that gold plays in Silas Marner.
(B.) R. L. Stevenson:  the cheerful traveller.
(c.) A character sketch of Touchstone.
(d.)  Sternness and gentleness as combined in Lincoln.
(e.)  Gareth's upbringing.
(/.) A character sketch of Varney.
(fir.) Difficulties of the British Columbia fruit-grower.
(h.) Possibilities of trade with the Orient.
(i.) The most interesting character I have ever known. R 168 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
English Liteeatube.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Candidates will write on Parts A and D, and on either Part B or Part C]
Pabt A.
15       1. Write brief notes  (of not more than half a page at most)  on any three of the
(a.) A lesson that Wordsworth learned from the Leech-gatherer.
(B.) The chief glory of Shakespeare as Arnold saw it.
(c.) The life-story of Lucy.
(d.) Browning's notion of a patriot's reward,
(e.) A school-boy's dream of Romance.
10       2. Selecting one of the poems named below,  show that it has a definite plan or
" Alexander's Feast."
" Ode to the West Wind."
" Ode on the Death of Wellington."
15 3. Quote three fine passages of poetry (none of them need be more than six lines in
length), so as to illustrate each of the following poetical effects:—
(a.) Striking use of metre.    Say why you think the metre of the passage is
notable, and show, by scansion or otherwise, what the metre is.
(B.) Striking use of words.    Comment on at least two words that you think are
particularly good.
(o.) A fine figure of speech.   Comment on the meaning or beauty of the figure.
Paet B.
18       1. Give a brief account of Act III., scene iv.   (the Banquet Scene), from Macbeth.
Show that, in at least two respects, this scene is centrally important in the play.
16 2. Which force moves Macbeth more powerfully—the influence of the witches or that
of his wife?    Give reasons for your answer as fully as possible.
6       3. In very brief notes (not more than two or three sentences), characterize:—
(a.) The porter.
(B.) Macduff's son.
Paet C.
18       1- Give a brief account of Act III., scene ii.  (Bassanio's Choice), from The Merchant
of Venice.    Show, in at least two ways, how important this scene is in the drama.
16       2. What penalties was Shylock condemned to suffer?   Comment, as fully as you can,
on the justice of the court's sentence.
6       3. In very brief notes (not more than two or three sentences), comment on:—
(ct.) The character of Jessica.
(B.) The uses served in the play by the Gobbos.
Part D.
A poem for " sight-reading " :— ,
The Shell.
And then I pressed the shell
Close to my ear,
And listened well. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 169
And straightway, like a bell,
Came low and clear
The slow, sad murmur of the distant seas
Whipped by an icy breeze
Upon a shore
Wind-swept and desolate.
It was a sunless strand that never bore
The footprint of a man,
Nor felt the weight
Since time began
Of any human quality or stir,
Save what the dreary winds and waves incur.
And in the hush of waters was the sound
Of pebbles, rolling round;
Forever rolling, with a hollow sound:
And bubbling sea-weeds, as the waters go,
Swish to and fro
Their long cold tentacles of slimy grey:
There was no day;
Nor ever came a night
Setting the stars alight
To wonder at the moon:
Was twilight only, and the frightened croon,
Smitten to whimpers, of the dreary wind
And waves that journeyed blind    .    .    .
And then I loosed my ear.    Oh, it was sweet
To hear a cart go jolting down the street.
5 (o.) What common experience is described in this poem?   Relate very briefly a similar
experience of your own.
4 (B.) Point out at least four instances in which the sound fits the sense.
6 (o.)  Suggest, by a fitting adjective or descriptive phrase, the "feeling" of the dream-
scene   presented.    List   five   words   or   phrases   that   help   to   build   up  this
5 (d.) What is the effect produced by the uneven length of the lines?   The effect of the
last line and a half?
French Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
35       !■ Change the form, when necessary, of the word in italics and write it in the space
(a.) Un Anglais d'une m<3moire prodigieux	
fut prfisente au roi de Prusse pendant le sejour que Voltaire faire
(past definite)  a Potsdam.   II
pouvoir   retenir
 mot pour mot un tres
long discours apres 1'avoir lire	
ou entendre   une seule fois.
Comme Voltaire entrer (imperfect)	 R 170 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
chez le roi pour lui lire un poeme
qu'il  venir d'ecrire , •
Frederic pour s'amuser, faire (past definite) „	
cacher  l'Anglais et lui
ordonner de retenir ce que
Voltaire lire     Le poete €tre
introduire   et lire
(past definite) ses vers.
(B.)   (1.)  Quand il venir nous voir,
nous irons au musee.
(2.)   lis ont ouvrir la porte de
la cage aux lions et tous sont sortir	
(3.) Mes soeurs seront tres heureuses si elles allcr	
en voyage.
(4.) Ne me demandez rien avant que je pouvoir	
reciter la legon.   '
(5.)  II entra brusquement en nous dire :  Je
vous appeler pour vous montrer ceci.
(6.)  Nous avancer sur cette route
depuis deux heures et pourtant nous n'avons pas encore apercevoir
 les autres voyageurs.
(7.)  C'est bien vrai.    II faut que je savoir 	
parler francais un jour.
30       2. Put into French the following passage  (work carefully; read over your finished
-work) :—
Look at me. Do you see an old man? Yet for thirty years I have worked at
least ten hours a day and sometimes much more. I have never believed
that work was not good for my health or that sport and idleness were the
only healthy things in this life. On the contrary I am sure that work is
necessary to man's happiness and that one is wrong to retire (prendre sa
retraite) while one is still young. One has then too much time to think of
one's pleasures, of one's health, and it is easy to forget the neighbours who
have troubles (souci m.) that are perhaps much greater than ours.
5       3. Write the questions to which the following are answers :—
(a.)  C'est mon frere que je vois.
(B.)  II est cinq heures.
(c.)  Je fais mes devoirs.
(d.)  La neige tombe en hiver.
(e.) Nous parlons de la guerre.
30       4. Make short but complete sentences to illustrate the use of:—
(a.) Tant que.
(B.) Par suite.
(c.) falloir (state tense used).
(d.) d'ailleurs.
(e.)  de crainte que.
(/.)  a mesure que.
(fir.)  y (do not use il yam any form).
(7i..)  celle.
(i.) ce que.
(j.) plus tot. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 171
30       5. Write a suitable pronoun in each of the spaces provided below:—
(a.)  La maison  je suis n6 n'existe plus.
(B.) Les hommes ne sont jamais contents qui
sont riches craignent de perdre leur argent, .•.	
qui sont pauvres se lamentent toujours.
(c.)   (m)   qui perd  sa bourse ne perd
rien, mais qui perd sa
reputation perd tout.
(d.)  J'ai deux maisons mais je ne sais pas	
des deux il faut vendre.
(e.)  Est-ce que vous avez parle de cette vente a votre pere?    Oui, Je 	
 ai parl6.
(/.)  De ces deux femmes qui est blonde a deja
cherche du travail, mais qui
est brune est paresseuse.
(fir.) Vous n'avez rien dit a votre mere?    Vous avez tort.    Dites	
la verite.    Pensez _ _ _	
(7k)  Ce n'est pas de qu'il faut vous plaindre.
Je n'ai rien fait.
(i.) Je n'ai plus le livre de Jean.   Je ai
(;'-.)  J'ai du chocolat voulez-vous?
(7c.)  II a passe son examen.    Avez-vous passe ?
(I.) Ma Villa est pres de Paris.    Mon ami a au
bord de la mer.
(w.)  J'ai mis ces fleurs dans des vases.    Qu'ont-elles fait de	
(n.) Elle a perdu sa carte, je lui donnerai 	
(o.)  Donnez-lui un autre crayon.    II a casse la pointe de	
French Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[N.B.—Lisez avec soin avant de rCpondre.]
10 1- Vous avez regu une invitation pour aller au theatre ou au concert. Racontez en
francais la matinee ou la soiree a 1'aide des indications suivantes: invitation,
arrivee au theatre, la foule, les places; description de la salle, des spectateurs,
des artistes;   impressions du spectacle, de la musique.
30       2.  (a.) Donnez en francais la definition de:   la Seine, le phare, un soldat, le clocher,
une partie de campagne.
(B.)  Donnez les contraires des mots en italique.    (Exemple:   le grand garcon a
froid;  la petite fille a chaud.)
(1.) Je finissais lentement mon travail.
(2.) La vieille femme a vole un peu de pain.
(3.) J'ai raison de vous recompenser ce soir.
(4.) Cette fumee noire et epaisse entre par la fenetre.
30       3.  (a.)  Ecrivez les equivalents des mots en italique.
(1.) II s'en est alle le jour apres pour conduire ses chevaux a la riviere.
(2.) A present elle disire bien se promener seule dans ce grand bois tr&s
pres d'ici. Value.
(B.)  Posez les questions aux reponses suivantes:—
(1.) lis sont bordes de magnifiques arbres.
(2.) Nous pensons y aller en etfi pour perfectionner notre francais.
(3.) L'incendie a commence pendant la nuit.
(4.) Je demeure dans cette province depuis trois ans.
(5.) Si, Madame, je comprends parfaltement.
30       4. Apres avoir lu ce passage, repondez en anglais aux questions.
Ce jour-ia nous etions meeonnaissables mon ami et moi. Cela venait sans doute
de nos visages bien laves et de nos cheveux bien peign6s. Nos vestes neuves,
nos pantalons blancs, la tente dans la grande cour, l'affluence des parents,
l'estrade ornee de drapeaux, tout cela m'inspirait l'emotion des grands
Les livres et les couronnes formaient un amas (pile) eclatant, dans lequel je
cherchais anxieusement & deviner ma part, et je frissonnais sur mon banc.
Mon camarade plus sage, n'interrogeait pas la destinfie. II gardait un calme
admirable. Tournant dans tous les sens sa petite tete, il remarquait les nez
difformes de quelques assistants et les chapeaux ridicules ici et la, avec une
presence d'esprit dont j'etais incapable.
La fanfare commenga par l'hymne national. Le directeur parut sur l'estrade
a c6t6 d'un general en grand uniforme et & la tete des professeurs en
robe. Je les reconnus tous; ils prirent place, selon leur rang, derriere le
general: d'abord le sous-directeur, puis les professeurs des hautes classes;
puis le professeur de chant, le maitre d'ecriture, le sergent, professeur de
gymnastique. Enfin les discours commencerent. Oh! souvenir d'enfance,
journee memorable!
(1.) Quelle ceremonie est decrite?
(2.)  Pourquoi, quand et ou a-t-elle lieu?
(3.)  Qu'est-ce qui causait de l'emotion au gargon?
(4.)  Que faisait son compagnon au lieu de trembler?
(5.)  Quels personnages sont presents?  nommez-en d'autres qui sont la parfois;
ou prennent-ils place?
(6.)  Quelle sorte de musique est prcsente et que joue-t-on certainement?
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams; use printed capitals.   Cite authorities by number
or by enunciation.]
14       1. The angle at the centre of a circle is double the angle at the circumference on the
same arc.
14       2. If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the
sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.
14       3. To draw a triangle equal in area to a given quadrilateral.
4. Make accurate constructions in (a) and (B) of the following, showing all necessary
construction lines :—
3 (a.) Construct a triangle ABC having sides 2, 2%, and 3 in.    (No explanations
are required.)
5 (&•) In a circle of radius 1% in. inscribe a triangle equiangular to ABC.    (No
explanations are required.)
8 (c.) Give the proof for the construction in (B). PART III.—APPENDICES. R 173
5. In the triangle ABC, AB = 60, BC=50, CA=30.
6 (o.)  If the interior and exterior vertical angles at B are bisected by lines which cut
AC and AC produced, compute the lengths of the segments into which these
lines divide the base.
5 (B.)  Compute the projection of BC upon AC and of AB upon AC.
3 (c.)  If another triangle DBF is similar to this triangle ABC and if DF, the side
corresponding to AC, is 40, compare the areas of ABC and DEF.
14       6. In the isosceles triangle ABC having AB=AC, X is any point in AB and Y is taken
in AC so that XY is parallel to BC.   Prove:  BY2=CY2+BC.XY.
14       7. Two circles touch internally at A.    A chord BC of the larger circle touches the
smaller circle at D.    Prove that AB : AC=BD: DC.
German Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
8 1.  Write answers to the following questions in German, using in each case a suit
able preposition and in no case repeating a preposition :—
(1.) SBotjtn getter?
.) 3Bo liegt bcr§ 93ud) ?
.) -ICo Ijangt ba§ 23ilb ?
■) Sffiomit gerfdjneiben ©ie ba§ g.eifd) ?
• ) $3ie laitge bteibt er titer ?
• ) 3Bann ift et gefommen ?
giir men ar&eitet er ?
• ) SBoburd) fieljt man t)tnau§ ?
5 2. Use in simple sentences the genitive singular of : <&afy, £nabe, -Berg; and the
nominative plural of: SBort and Dl)t.
20        3. (as.) Rewrite in the present and perfect tenses :—
(1-) <Sr tief fyinauS.
(2.) (Sr tjalf mit.
(3.) (St fprad) taut.
(4.) (Sr f4r batb ai.
(5.) (Sr Derltefe ba§ .gitnmer.
(6.) Rewrite in the imperfect:—
(!■) @v ift mi'tbe geroorben.
(2.) 5Du tjafte§ gebradjt.
(3.) ©ie Ijat e§ mttgenommen.
(4.) 3Bir Ijahtn barutn gebeten.
(5.) .Spabt i§r end) auSgejogen ?
(a) Write (b) (1) in the future, (6) (2) in the future-perfect, and  all the imperative forms of: Batb abfatjren and bie £retbe auffieben.
10        4. Fill in the correct endings, insert articles or adjectives where necessary, then
rewrite in the plural:—
—beft—SdjiUer in unfer—beutfd)—fttafje ift—ftein—Siiinge, bet mit fein—
jiinger—93ruber bet—att—Onfet wofynt. 3eb—neu—Sffiott unb jeb—tang
—91ufgabe fdjreibt er in—gro§—$t\t unb er tieft mit gut—2tusfprad)e—
fd)it>erft—©alj im beutfd)—Sefebud). It 174 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
10        5. Put into German :—
(1.) His older brother prefers to play tennis.
(2.) The most beautiful books cost the most.
(3.) Which house do you like best?
(4.) This boy is not as old as that one.
(5.) The days are longer in summer than in winter.
5 6. (a.) Combine the following sentences by means of a relative pronoun:—
(1.) ®iefe %thex bat feine Siute batin.    3d) fd)reibe bttin'tt.
(2.) ®er SJlann ift'fraut.    -3d) Ijabe itjn geftern befudjt.
-(3.) 3Kein greunb ift nad) «£)aufe gegangen.    Seine Strutter ift han't.
(b.) Rewrite as an indirect question : SSJiit er e§ tun ?    (SStffen ©ie ?)
(c.) Combine the following sentences by means of a conjunction : ©ie gingen tn§
Stfyeatet.    ©ie raotlten ba§ ©titd fetjen.
15 7. Put into German :—
(1.) Which one is your brother?    He is the smaller one; the other one is
our cousin.
(2.) Whose hat has he?    It is mine ; he could not find his.
(3.) Please give her one of your pens; she has lost hers.
(4.) There were good ones and bad ones among them.
(5.) The most interesting thing we saw was the Hamburg harbour.
15        8. Put into German :—
(1.) He knows that he can do it if he wants to.
(2.) I thought that he had to go to school.
(3.) He gets up every morning at half past seven and eats his breakfast at
a quarter past eight.
(4.) Goethe died on the 22nd of March, 1832.    (In full.)
(5.) How are you to-day?    Better, I hope, than yesterday?
12 9.  Put into German :—
Once there was a little girl who did not like to wash her hands. Her
mother did not want to see her at the table with such dirty* hands
and one day she said to her : " You cannot sit down with me if you
do not wash your hands. Have you ever seen me with such dirty
hands?" "No," answered the child, "but I never knew you when
you were five years old."
German Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
60 1. Put into English:—
(1.) $>a§ ber nid)t§nu£ige .jpedjt mid) enuifdjt fjat, wax and) nut roegen meinet
Unadjtfamfeit; id) mat fo fetjr in bie 93tad)t bet Sftotgenrbte uettteft,
ba§ id) fonft mdjt§ Jjorte nod) fat) unb fogat netgafe, ba§ bie Sonne
mit it)tett toblid)en ©ttaijten gteid) IjetaiifEommen mufjte; unb ba
rotire id) unt)ei(bar ftant gemotben. ©o raat'g nod) ein ©tiict, bag
bet ,Sped)t mid) Detfdjludte, unb id) follte ibm eigenttid) bantbat fein ;
nut bag et'§ nid)t mtr jutiebe getan fjat, fonbetn roett ba§ bumme PART III.—APPENDICES. R 175
9Sie£) nid)t roufjte, ba§ unfeteinS unoerbaulid) ift, felbft fiit einen
(2.) 23atb batauf ttat aud) fdjon ein £aufer ein, unb roeit ib)m bie ©d)ul)e fo
gut gefieten, begafjlte et meb)t al§ gerofibntidj bafi'tt, unb bet ©djufter
tonnte »on bem ®etb Sebet ju groei §)3aar ©djutjen taufen. (St
fd)nitt fie abenb§ gu unb roottte ben nddjften Sftorgen mit ftifd)em
Tint an bie 2ttbeit gelien. 2lber er braud)te e§ nidjt, benn at§ et
aufftanb, roaren fie fdjon fertig, unb bie Jldufer btieben aud) nid)t
au§ ; biefe gaben it)m fo triet ©elb, bafj er Seber gu trier $aar
©djuben eintaufen tonnte.
(3.) SDer .Spanfet feinerfeit§ fta§ abet tapfet; unb at§ et fatt mat, tat'§ tljm
teib, fo fett unb mitdjig mat ba§ gatte @ta§. (Snblid) fommt ibm
ber ©d)taf; alfo tegt er fid) bet ben runben 23ud)en Inn unb rutjt
»ier ©tunben. ^3to^lidt) roecSt ttjit ein ^dgerfyorn, ba mat e§ Sag,
unb bie ©onne ftanb IieU nnb ttat am .grimmet. (St fpringt auf,
fiefyt feinen ©fatten auf bem griinen SRafen, uerrounbert fid) unb
fpridjt: ,,(Si, roa§ bin id) fur ein fdjmucfer $etl geniotben, fo gtatt
unb faubet!"
(4-) SERetn ©tammbaum reid)t bt§ in 9loab§ 2trd)e gutitcf, 23iteam§ (Sfet, unb
bet (Sfet, mit beffen Sinnbacfen ©imfon groeitaufenb 5pBiItftet etfdjtug,
finb meine 3tb)nt)etren. nDafj e§ etner meiner 23orfat)ten mar, ber at§
SBettroeifet gnrifdjen groei ^eubitnbeln ftarb, fei nur beitdufig errodt)nt,
aud) bei ben 23erbienften meineg bod)ftrebenben SJorfabren, roetdjer
bie ©eitentinie ber Sftaittefet griinbete, rottl id) mid) rticEjt auffjatten.
Sfteine (Sltern roaren Stofterteute unb trugen fromme SKondje auf ibre
(5.) 3)ann bticft' er gu ben gauten b)in,
SBie Conner ftang fein £abet:
,,3b)r £augenid)tfe, beffert end);
3il|r fdjdnbet euren 2Ibet!
3!I)r feibnen ^iippdien, bie itjr trotje
2tuf euer 9Jtttd)gefid)t;
3d) frage nad) beS 2Jiann§ 53erbienft,
IHad) feinem Seamen nid)t!"
(6.) ®er erfte Jpotjenftaufen, ber £ontg iJonrab, tag
2J2it .SpeereSmadjt uor SSMn3perg feit mandjem tangen Sag ;
3)er SBetfe roar gefdjlagen, nod) roetirte fid) ba§ -Weft,
S)ie unoergagten ©tdbter, bie b)ietten e§ nod) feft.
®er hunger lam, ber hunger ! ba§ ift ein fdjarfer ®orn ;
lUun fud)ten fie bie ©nabe, nun fanben fie ben gorn.
„^br b)abt mir fjier erfdjtagen gar mandjen S)egen roert,
Unb bffnet ibr bie Eore, fo trifft eud) bod) ba§ ©d)roert."
10        2. Translate at sight:—•
(Sine atte ®ame fubr in ber etettrifd)en ©traBenbatm unb fjatte aud) fitr itjren
getiebten .Spunb eine gatjrfarte begatjtt. Ser 2Sagen rourb immer trotter
unb bie Seute fingen an, fid) fiber ben ^punb gu beftagen. S)ie ®ame
fagte :',,SRun, id) Ijabe eine gafiriarte fiir meinen ^»unb begafjtt unb fo R 176 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Ijat er aud) ba§ 3ted)t auf einen ©i^pla^." ,,©eroi,§," fagte ber
©djnaffner tad)enb, ,,aber nur, roenn er bie Stegetn befotgt unb bie
©i^fiffen nid)t mit ben giifjen beriibrt."
15 3. Put into German :—
A tailor once had a goat which gave good milk. His three sons, one
after the other, had to take it to pasture.* One evening, after the
oldest son had brought the goat home, the father asked the animal if
it had had enough to eat. The goat was wicked and said no, whereupon the father got angry and chased his son out of the house. So it
went with the second son and the third one, till finally the tailor was
left alone with his goat.
* bie
15 4.  Write in German a description of a family dinner.    (About half a page.)
Greek.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10        1. Decline Tpt-jprj's, iyw.
10        2. Decline tv8a.ip.wv, rts.
5        3. Write the imperfect active indicative third singular of a-yco, Ttpdw; the pluperfect
passive indicative third plural of ttouo), tcitto).
10        4. Write the third singular active and middle of the present of iroiiut, indicative,
subjunctive, optative, and imperative.
5 5.  Put accents on the following:   wro T<av ye<pvpo>v tern irXoia re Kai irorapos.
10 6. Write the Greek for beside a sling, by menus of this bow, upon the. earth, through
the plain,  around the house,  instead of a brother, by all the exiles, under his
10 7.  Write the principal parts of  SiSdo-Ka,  Xap/Sdvot,  el/xi,  Xeiirta,  hruriTitouai, olkovo),
cf>evy(t>, t<xttw, ^pdopai,   KaXeto.
20 8. Translate:—
(a)  ot'EXAfjves rovs o-rpari^yovs pMr6bv otto. prjvwv diryrrjo-av.
(b.) eav Se rovrw i"(u ovopari pi) \prjirrjrai, jtws ol /3dpf3apoi ripa<s dStKrJcroixrtv;
(c.)  iKuvQ yap Ty vvkti ai'-rbs o a-yyeAos YjKtv.
(d.)  (—epeXelro ovv oiro><s /T/Vjjptis oivov Kai (titov ecrovrai irdcrai at dpa£ai.
(e.)  etra to avrb rjpu>ru>p.ev toiis KAcoTras' ot Se eXeyov rdSe.
Explain the case of purQov, p-qvwv, ovopari, vvkt'i, oivov; the mood of \py'jo-rjTai,
20 9.  Translate into Greek:—
(a.) During this month my father's horses won (vtxao)) two victories.
(6.) And so let us not annoy our guests.
(c.) If you had not said this, we would have trusted you.
(d.) We feared that they would send for these men. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 177
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer any four questions, of which question 9 must be one.]
25       !• " Before   the   French   Revolution   the   government   of   France  was   despotic   and
inefficient."   Discuss this statement.
25       2. (a.) Why did the French people gladly accept Napoleon as a dictator?
(B.) Estimate his influence upon Germany.
25       3. (a.) Describe the character and theories of Metternich.
(&.) Discuss as proofs of reaction between 1815 and 1S48:—
(1.)  The Holy Alliance.
(2.) The Karlsbad Decrees of 1819.
(3.) The July Ordinances of 1830.
25       4.  (a.) What is meant by the Industrial Revolution?
(B.) Discuss its effect upon:—-
(1.)  Transportation.
(2.) The English town.
(3.) The relations of employer and worker.
25       5- Account for the failures of the Revolutions of 1848 in Italy and Germany and for the
rise of the Second Empire in France.
25        6-  («•)  Outline the causes and results of the Great Reform Bill of 1832.
(B.)  How did the Parliament Act of 1911 definitely confirm the supremacy of the
House of Commons over the House of Lords?
25        7.  (a.) Define and give one example each of:—
(1.)  Dominions.
(2.)  Crown Colonies.
(3.)  Mandated Territories.
(B.)  Why does India offer Britain a special problem in Government?
25        8. Write brief notes upon the following:—
(a.)  The Paris Commune.
(B.) The Separation of Church and State in France,
(c.) Alsace-Lorraine.
(d.) The Emancipation of the Russian serf.
(e.) The Russian Duma.
25        9-  («•)  Account for the creation of the League of Nations.
(B.)  Do you think it has justified its existence?    Give reasons for your answer.
Latin Authors and Sight Translation.    (Time, 2% hours.)
A. Caesar, De Bello Gaixico, Books IV. and V.
Quibus auditis, liberaliter pollicitus, hortatusque, ut in ea sententia permanerent,
eos domum remittit; et cum iis una Commium, quern ipse Atrebatibus
superatis regem ibi constituerat, cujus et virtutem et consilium prob'abat, et
quern sibi fidelem arbitrabatur, cujusque auctoritas in his regionibus magni
habebatur, mittit.
12 R 178
(a.) auditis, pollicitus.   What construction is used in each case?   Why?
(B.) Account for the case of quern, magni; the mood of permanerent.
(c.) in his rcgionibus.   On the mainland or in Britain?   Justify your answer.
2. Translate :—
Sed posteaquam nonnulli principes ex ea civitate, et familiaritate Cingetorigis
adducti, et adventu nostri exercitus perterriti, ad Caesarem venerunt, et de
suis privatim rebus ab co petere coeperunt, quoniam civitati consulere non
possent, veritus, ne ab omnibus desereretur, Indutiomarus legatos ad Caesarem
mittit:    Sese idcirco ab suis discedere atque ad eum venire noluisse,  quo
facilius civitatem in officio eontineret, ne omnis nobilitatis discessu plebs
propter imprudentiam laberetur.
(a.) To whom do the pronouns suis, eo, sese, eum refer?
(B.) Account for the mood of possent, desereretur, eontineret, laberetur.
(c.) quo.   Why not ut?
3. Translate:—•
Ipse, etsi res erat niultae operae ac laboris, tamen commodissimum esse statuit,
omnes naves subduci et cum castris una munitione conjungi.   In his rebus
circiter dies decern consumit, ne nocturnis quidem temporibus ad laborem
militum intermissis.
(a.) Account for the case of laboris, naves.
B. Virgil, Selections.
4. Translate:—
tunc etiam fatis aperit Cassandra futuris
ora, dei iussu non umquam credita Teucris.
nos delubra deum miseri, quibus ultimus esset
ille dies, festa velamus fronde per urbem.
(a.) What do you know of Cassandra?   Who is meant by dei?
(b.) What is unusual about the construction of credita, Teucris?    .
(c.) esset.   There are two possible explanations of the subjunctive.   What are they?
(d.)  Scan the last line.
5. Translate:—■
ipsum autem sumptis Priamum iuvenalibus armis
ut vidit, ' Quae mens tarn dira, miserrime coniunx,
impulit his cingi telis?    aut quo ruis? ' inquit,
' non tali auxilio nee defensoribus istis
tempus eget; non, si ipse meus nunc afforet Hector.'
(a.) Account for the case of auxilio; the mood of afforet.
(b.) Remark upon the use of cingi.
6. Translate:— •
' Di maris et terrae tempestatumque potentes,
ferte viam vento facilem et spirate secundi.'
Crebrescunt optatae aurae, portusque patescit
iam propior, templumque apparet in arce Minervae.
vela legunt socii, et proras ad litora torquent.
(a.) Explain the case of maris.
(B.) What point has Aeneas now reached in his wanderings?   Trace briefly his route
thus far.
(c.) In what age are the events of the Aeneid set? PART III.—APPENDICES. R 179
7. Translate:—
4 ' Tantane vos generis tenuit fiducia vestri?
iam caelum terramque meo sine numine, venti,
miscere, et tantas audetis tollere moles?
quos ego—: sed motos praestat componere fluctus.
post mihi non simili poena commissa luetis.
1 (a.) Account for the case of generis.
1 (B.) How do you know whether commissa agrees with poena or not?
1 (c.)  Scan the third line.
C. Sight Translation.
33       8. Translate at sight:—
Inde autem Marcius motis castris exercitum Volscorum duxit Bolas, urbem turn
nobilem et rei militaris scientia nulli Latinae gentis populo secundam. Cum
autem oppidani eum non recepissent sed se quain fortissime defendere constit-
uissent, is suos ad acriter dimicandum cohortatus, iis qui primi in muros
ascendissent maxima praemia pollicitus suis imperavit ut statim muros
adorirentur. Bolani autem tarn fortes erant ut non modo hostes moenibus
appropinquantes repellerent sed etiam portis apertis eruptione facta hostes
per declivia loca vi depulerint. Ibi maxima erat Volscorum caedes, minimam-
que urbis expugnandae spem omnes habebant. Sed Marcius eis quos labor-
antes perspexerat subsidia submittebat itaque efficiebat ne interfectorum
absentia cognosceretur. Virtutem eorum qui premebantur confirmabat nee
verbis solum sed etiam factis, exemploque suo suos ad fortitudinem impel-
Latin Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
15       1. Write:—
(a.) the accusative singular of:—
ager utilis 	
fructus felix	
(B.)  the ablative singular of:—
illud flumen 	
pedes noster 	
(c.)   the genitive plural of:—
nubes maxima	
latior lacus 	
idem tempns 	
(d.)  the accusative plural of:—■
vulnus grave 	
quod iter 	
(e.)  the dative singular of:—•
alter filius 	
hoc agmen   	
(/.) the ablative singular of:—
14       2. Translate into English:—■
(a.)  Sibi quemque consulere iussit.
(B.)  Adorimini agmen novissimum.
(c.) Si hoc fiat, spes fugae tollatur.
(d.) Visne adesse?
(e.) Dixit obsides qui accepti essent, redditos esse. R 180 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(/.) Vobis possumus utiles esse amici. •
(g.)  Quaeramus qua de causa se abdiderint.  "
15       3. Write:—
(a.)  the first singular present subjunctive active of:—
fero  :	
(b.) the third plural imperfect subjunctive of:—■
aBco   , ,	
(a)  the second singular present indicative of:—»
fero (active and passive)	
capio (active and passive)	
(d.) the third singular future indicative of:—
mitto (active)	
(e.)  the singular present imperative passive of:—
audio    -.	
(/.)  the first singular perfect indicative active of:—-
cogo    :	
4. Translate into Latin:—
5 (a.)  He summons the tribunes and centurions in order to explain what must be
5 (B.)  So great a storm suddenly arose that all the ships were carried back to Gaul.
5 (c.)  When he ordered all the chief men to come to him they did not obey.
5 (d.)  He asked me with whom I wished to confer.
5 (e.)  Do you believe that they will do what they have promised?
Q (/.) On the same day we were informed that the cavalry of the enemy were
attempting to cross the river.
5 (g.)  They promised that they would always be faithful to us.
5 (h.) Which part of the village is Caesar going to grant to us?
5 (i.)   The soldiers who had been left as a garrison for the camp came to the
assistance of their fellows.
5 0'.)   If they had not done this, we should have been able to resist their attack.
5 (k.) Fearing a scarcity of grain, he resolved not to advance any further. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 181
Physics.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
[The last question and any other seven constitute a full paper.]
12       1. (a.) The least force required to drag a mass of 300 pounds up a frictionless inclined
plane, of sloping length 12 feet, is 200 pounds.   Calculate the height of the
(B.)  A uniform wooden rod 5 cm. square and 30 cm. long is loaded so that it floats
upright in water with 20 cm. below the surface.    Find the weight of the rod.
If the rod were placed in alcohol, of specific gravity 0.8, what length of the
rod would be below the surface?
12       2.  (a.) The volume of a certain mass of gas is 500 cc. at a temperature of 27° C. and a
pressure of 300 grams per square cm.    What is its volume at a temperature
of 7° C. and a pressure of 600 grams per square cm.?
(B.) Define the following terms:  coefficient of linear expansion, relative humidity,
absolute zero.
12 3. (a.) If 100 grams of steam at 100° C. are passed into 2,000 grams of water at 20° C,
what will be the final temperature of the mixture? Show how, in the actual
experiment, you would make allowance for the heat gained by the calorimeter.
(B.) Describe, by reference to a simple diagram, how Joule determined the mechanical equivalent of heat.
12 4. (a.) At a time when the velocity of sound in air is 1,100 feet per second an air
column, open at both ends, and 12 inches long, is found to be the shortest
that is in resonance with a certain tuning-fork. What is the frequency of
the fork and the length of the shortest closed pipe that would respond to the
same fork under the same conditions?
(B.) Name the three principal distinguishing features of musical sounds. Discuss
any one of them as completely as possible.
12 5. (a.) An object is placed 20 cm. from a concave mirror of focal length 30 cm. Calculate the position of the image. What kind of image is it? Draw the usual
diagram. ,
(B.)   Explain  clearly  by  reference  to   a   drawing  why  a   straight  stick  when  held
obliquely appears to be bent at the point where it enters water.
12       6.  (a.) Distinguish between illuminating power and intensity of illumination.
(B.)  Describe the magnetic field of the earth, paying special attention to the position
of the north magnetic pole, magnetic declination, and magnetic inclination.
12 I- (*•) The index of refraction from air to water is 4/3 and from air to crown glass 3/2.
If the velocity of light in crown glass is 124,000 miles per second, find the
velocity in air and the index of refraction from water to crown glass.
(B.) Describe in terms of the electron theory how to charge an insulated conductor
by induction.   Illustrate the answer by diagrams.
12       8. Answer part (a) and either (B) or (c).
(a.) Make a diagram showing the essential parts and electrical connections in the
induction coil.
(B.)  Find the power necessary to run an electric light installation which takes 74.6
amperes at 110 volts (1) in k.w., (2) in h.p.
(c.)  If the E.M.F. of a cell is 1.75 volts, and its resistance is 3 ohms, find the internal
drop in potential when the circuit is closed by a wire of resistance 4 ohms. R 182 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
1(5       9. (a.) A body is projected vertically upward with an initial velocity of 160 feet per
second.    Neglecting air friction, calculate the height the body reaches.
(B.)  Draw a diagram of a combination of pulleys having a mechanical advantage
of six.
(c.) A force of 10 dynes acts on a body, which is free to move, for 1 minute, and
produces a velocity of 120 cm. per second from rest. What is the mass of
the body?
(d.) Find the effective horse-power required to lift 33 tons of coal (2,000 pounds
each) in 2 hours from a mine 200 feet deep.
Grade XL, Normal Entrance.
Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Ansieer five only.]
1. (a.) What fixes the position of the Tropic of Cancer?    Give the approximate location of this
tropic in the continents which it crosses.    How far is this tropic from the Antarctic
(B.) Trace the course of each of the principal ocean currents in the North Atlantic Ocean.
(c.)  How do plains originate?    Give examples in North America.
2. (a.) Rewrite the following and fill in each blank with the name of the proper cereal:—
 leads the world in the quantity of production and leads
in the value of production.    The largest crop grown in Canada is and
the chief cereal of Central Russia is     The production of	
requires cheap labour and has the widest climatic range of production.
(B.) Describe clearly the conditions which are most favourable for the growing of tea and
(c.) Describe the method of manufacturing raw sugar from sugar-cane.
(d.) From what is each of the following products obtained and where is the chief producing
region:  sago, mohair, vanilla, plantains, raw silk?
3. (a.)  Rewrite the following and fill in the blanks:—
Canada is larger than the continent of   and almost as large as the
continent of     The   is the most important river
emptying into the Hudson Bay and it drains , into which flow the
 ,  , and   rivers.
(B.) What factors have combined to make the prairie provinces one of the greatest wheat-
producing regions in the world? What causes the greatest damage to wheat crops
in these provinces?
(c.)  Locate definitely three hydro-electric power sites in the St. Lawrence River drainage-
basin.   What manufacturing industry is carried on at each of these points?
(d.) What districts in Nova Scotia are associated with apple-growing and coal-mining?
4. (a.) Name the two western points from which Canadian National trains begin east-bound
journeys. Trace the route of each line to the first large city east of British
Columbia. Name the river valleys followed and one outstanding scenic feature along
each line.    What important products are shipped by rail to and from each terminus?
(B.) Locate a British Columbia manufacturing centre for each of the following products:
lead-pipe, cordage, newsprint, cement.
(c.) Locate a point of historic interest on the west coast of Vancouver Island and explain its
association. PART IIP—APPENDICES. R 183
5. (a.) Name and locate the principal mountains which form the highlands of Southern Europe.
Name two rivers which cross these highlands through gaps. Where does each of
these rivers'rise and empty? What are the prevailing agricultural activities of the
two river valleys? Name and locate the important seaport associated with each
(B.) What are the chief minerals of England and France? In each country locate the
productive fields and an industrial centre associated with each.
6. (a.) Describe the Plain of India, which lies between the Himalayas and the Deccan Plateau,
under the following headings:  drainage, soil, climate, agriculture,
(b.) Name two islands of the Malay Archipelago which belong to Holland and name two
important products from these islands,
(c.) Describe the climate of South Africa and show clearly its influence on agriculture and
7. (a.)  Locate the leading producing region in the United States for each of the following:
iron ore, rice, wheat, pineapples, tobacco, oil, corn, copper, hogs, and anthracite.
(B.) Describe the influence of winds and mountains on the climate and vegetation of the basin
of the Orinoco,
(c.) Explain why "The climate of Australia is a serious hindrance to its development." R 184 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Grade XII., Senior Matriculation.
Algebra.    (Time, 3 hours.)
12        I. (a.) Solve the equation  J(x+2)+ Jx = ?.
J{x + 2)- Jx    3
(b ) If 22/+22-cc = 2* + 2a;-2/=2a:+2;y-2
a b c
prove that
26 +2c-a    2c + 2ffl-6    2« + 26-c
12        2. (as.) Sum to 2n terms : a + 3, 3a - 6, 5a + 12, . . .
(6.) Show that the conditions that a, b, c may be in A.P., G.P., or H.P. are—
a-b : b - c = a '. a,
a-b : b — c = a : b,
a - b : b - c = a : c, respectively.
12 3.  For stones of the same quality the value of a ruby is proportional to the square
of its weight.    Find the loss incurred by cutting a ruby worth $800 into
two pieces whose weights are in the ratio 2 : 3.
12        4. (as.) If one root of x2 + ax + 3 = 0 is the square of the other, find a.
(b.) The roots of px2 + x + r = 0 are imaginary. What can you say about the
roots of x2 + 2x — pr = 01
14        5. (a.) Find the 12th term of (x- x~^.
(b.) Write the first four terms of (2 - a;) "~ 2.
(c.) Prove that the sum of the coefficients in the expansion of (i'x - 3y)n is independent of n.
12 6.  (a.) If 20C2,_3 = 20O3r_2, findr.
(b.) Eight carpets are to be placed in eight rooms, one in each. Five of the
carpets are too large for three of the rooms. Find the number of
possible arrangements.
12 7. Find the present value of an annuity of $800 payable at the end of each year for
15 years, money being worth 5°/Q.
(1.05)15 = 2.07893
(1.05)"" = . 48102.
14 8.  Solve the equations :—
(a.) x2 + yz = 44, xy + xz = 36, x + y + z= 15.
W  {{a-x)i-,(x-bf} \(a-xfi + {x -ifi) =*(a-b).
Biology.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.]
1. Describe the cellular structure of a leaf.   What special work is performed by each cell?
How is its structure modified in relation to its use?   Make drawings to illustrate.
2. Give an account of anabolism under the headings:   digestion of foods;   absorption of foods.
Give examples.
3. Summarize Mendel's Law and illustrate by describing inheritance in the garden pea.
4. Compare the life-histories of a Moss and of a Coelenterate  (jelly fish, hydroid).   Explain
alternation of generations. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 185
5. Describe the digestive, breathing, circulatory, and muscular organs of the clam.    Illustrate
with drawings.    Compare these organs with the analogous structures in man.
6. Rewrite the following, supply the missing words and underline each:—
Animals and plants have many common characters.    Both are composed of ,
which physically has the structure of a  , in which
  is the continuous phase and  ,
 , and   form the dispersed
phases.    Both are sensitive;   that is, they have the power of 	
to a     Growth is dependent upon the building-up process
 , while the necessary energy is provided by ,
whereby organic substances are broken down to the inorganic.
There is no one character which will distinguish all plants from animals, but ordinarily
animals their food, while plants	
it from raw materials;   plants contain green plastids, the 	
which are not present in animal cells except in the case of intermediate forms such
as      Ordinarily, the cells of plants are surrounded by
a   in addition to the
 , the latter only is found
in animals.
Respiration takes place in  cells of the body;  during this
process is liberated and may be used in doing many kinds of
work; the waste products of respiration involving proteins are ,
 , and 	
Chemistry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer ten only.   Atomic weights are given
at the end of the paper.]
1. How is ammonia manufactured from  (a) coal,  (B) nitrogen and hydrogen?    Describe the
manufacture of ice by means of liquid ammonia. What reaction takes place when
ammonia is passed over hot magnesium?
2. Define atomic weight.    From your definition how would you proceed to determine the atomic
weight of an element?
3. State the general physical properties of metals and non-metals.    What is the characteristic
chemical behaviour of a metallic element and a non-metallic element? Illustrate your
answer by describing the properties of calcium, aluminium, antimony, arsenic, and
bromine.    Some of these elements are semi-metallic;   how do such elements behave?
4. Upon what basis are the metals  arranged in the Electromotive  Series?    What valuable
information is afforded by this arrangement? How would you arrange from simple
displacement reactions the following non-metals in a similar E.M.F. series: chlorine,
oxygen, bromine, sulphur, and iodine?
5. Summarize the different methods employed for the formation of salts, giving an illustration
of each method.
6. Write a short account of the chemistry of (a) magnesium and (B) zinc, and their compounds.
Give the methods of preparation of the elements from their ores and compare the properties of their respective hydroxides.
7. What will be the reaction to litmus of aqueous solutions of:   (a)   CuSO„;   (B)   KCN;
(c) Na2SOi; (d) NaHCOa? Explain. Alum is sometimes used with sodium bicarbonate
in baking-powder.    Why should such a mixture give off carbon dioxide when wet?
8. Describe briefly the methods which are in use for determining the strength of an acid. R 186 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
9. Calculate the volume occupied by 10 grams of oxygen at 20° C. and 750 mm. pressure when
collected over water. The vapour pressure of water at 20° C. equals 17.4 mm. of
10. Copper sulphate forms three hydrates containing,  respectively,  10.141, 25.294, and 36.073
per cent, of water of hydration.    Show that these hydrates conform to the Law of
Multiple Proportions.
11. Chlorine is passed into a hot solution of caustic potash.    Calculate the weight of potassium
chlorate formed by an excess of chlorine on a solution which contains 50 grams of KOH.
12. What  weight   of  Bad,  is  needed   to   precipitate   completely   the   SO,  from   30.5   cc.   of
N/10 H2S04?
Atomic weights:  0=16, Cu=63.6, S = 32, Cl=35.5, K=39, Ba = 137.
English Composition.    (Time, 3 hours.)
20       1- Improve each of the following sentences, and state clearly your reason for the changes
which you make :—
(a.) It was impossible to get into the town without going through a deep canyon,
and this was nearly impassable on account of a bad wagon road, but
now there is a fine automobile road built by convict labour, and so access
to the town is easy.
(B.)  The shadow of enormous debts that hung over Abbotsford spurred him on.
(c.)  Under these conditions, there is no time in which to plan selling campaigns;
no time to look into the filing system and adjust it so that letters can
be found when wanted;   and we cannot find out if the employees are
contented and working in harmony.
(d.) Men of distinction are conservative, and for that reason they instinctively
select garments which are proper for the accompaniment of their dignity,
(e.)  Placed as it was on the front page of the paper made the article even more
10 2. Write a well-constructed paragraph setting forth various ways in which the force, or
emphasis, of one's writing may be weakened.
15 3. State your opinion as to the effectiveness of the following paragraph, basing your
judgment upon unity and completeness of thought, method of development,
coherence, and any other features that occur to you:—■
We of the colleges must eradicate a curious notion which numbers of good people
have about such ancient seats of learning as Harvard. To many ignorant
outsiders, that name suggests little more than a sterilized conceit and
incapacity for being pleased. In Edith Wyatt's exquisite book of Chicago
sketches called " Every One his Own Way," there is a couple who stand for
culture in the sense of exclusiveness, Richard Elliott and his feminine
counterpart—feeble caricatures of mankind, unable to know any good thing
when they see it, incapable of enjoyment unless a printed label gives them
leave. Possibly this type of culture may exist near Cambridge and Boston,
there may be specimens there, for priggishness is just like painter's colic or
■ any other trade disease. But every good college makes its students immune
against this malady, of which the microbe haunts the neighbourhood-printed
pages. It does so by its general tone being too hearty for the microbe's life.
Real culture lives by sympathies and admirations, not by dislikes and disdains
—under all misleading wrappings it pounces unerringly upon the human core.
If a college, through the inferior human influences that have grown regnant
there, fails to catch the robuster tone, its failure is colossal, for its social
function stops; democracy gives it a wide berth, turns toward it a deaf ear. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 187
55        4- Draw up a plan, and write an expository essay of about 300 words on one of the
following topics:—
(a.)  The characteristics of a successful business man.
(B.)  My interest in aeronautics or in the radio.
(c.)  My opinion of the permanency of modern verse.
English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
14 1. Name three qualities of good poetry. Quote a poem from the Anthology of Modern
Verse in which these are illustrated. In about a page discuss the peculiar fitness
of the passages that best illustrate these qualities.
12 2. In about two pages discuss the poetry of Walter de la Mare. Wherever possible, use
quotations to illustrate your points.
14       3. Each of the following quotations expresses a feeling found in modern verse.    Selecting any one, and using as illustrations other poems related in thought, write an
essay of about three hundred words on the subject,
(a.) "I also love a quiet place
That's green, away from all mankind."
(B.) "Our dreams are tales
Told in dim Eden
By Eve's nightingales."
(c.) "And there's no end of voyaging when once the
voice is heard,
For the river galls, and the road calls, and
oh!  the call of a bird ! "
11 4. Contrast the characters of the brother and the sister in Electra.    What is your
reaction to their punishment at the end of the play?
9       5. Outline in some detail three ways in which the dramatic methods employed in Julius
Caesar differ from those to be found in a Greek play.
8       6. Define dramatic irony, and show two effective instances of its use in The School
for Scandal.
8       7. Suggest in what ways the dramatic effectiveness of A Doll's House is heightened by
the presence of:   (a) Dr. Rank; (B) Christina Linde.
12 8. Discuss one of the following :—■
(a.)  The characteristics of Poe as a short-story writer.
(B.) The single effect in " The Sire de Maletroit's Door."
12       9. Write a paragraph on each of two of the following :—
(a.)   Setting in " On Greenhow Hill."
(B.) The pathos in " Rab and His Friends."
(c.)  The elements that contribute to the suspense in " Wandering Willie's Tale."
French Language.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Lisez les questions avec soin.   Soulignez les mots que vous changez ou ajoutez.]
30       1- Traduction :—
(a.)  I read every year some plays of Moliere, for one needs to renew good
(B.) The fisherman is loitering along the embankment so that he can browse
among books. R 188 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(c.)  I hope he will do it without my telling him.
(d.) Would you like to come and see the carnival after buying flowers and
(e.) This poor tired soldier was wounded in the leg on the last day of last week.
10       2. Mettez les verbes en italique au temps convenable :—
(a.)  Permettez qu'ils s'en aller, mesdames car je crois qu'ils sont vaincre par
votre charme.
(B.)  Elles se sont blesser la main sans que personne y faire attention,
(c.) J'ai promettre a un poete de faire valoir sa pidce.
(d.) On se demande si ce bel esprit pouvoir se faire comprendre demain.
(e.)  II y a longtemps que cet etudiant eoncourir pour entrer a l'Ecole Normale
sans y etre jamais parvenir.
(/.)  La piece qu'elle a voir jouer a beaucoup plaire au public.
10       3.  (a.)  Donnez l'equivalent des mots en italique a 1'aide de synonymes, ou bien recon-
struisez les phrases.
(1.)  Le Parisien fait ses dilices d'une heure passee a sa guise au cafe ou
sur les boulevards.
(2.) Ce docteur a beau se laver les mains, il lui faut employer des methodes
(3.)  Je n'entends point que vous mettiez cette question sur le tapis.
(B.)  Completez les phrases suivantes  (si vous les trouvez incompletes).
(1.)  L'elegance de nos voitures contribue  entretenir notre bon renom.
(2.)  C'est vraiment une photographie, ■  on puisse etre tentS ■—- croire
le contraire.
(3.)  Nous ecoutons  ce madrigal avec attention.
10       4. Employez le mot convenable selon le sens de la phrase.
(a.) rebuter, but, debut.
Elle a fait un excellent ■ car sa tante avait pour de la presenter a
la cour et aucun obstacle ne l'aurait • .
(B.) journal, journellement, journaliste, ajourner.
Cet admirable   est bien connu dans le monde entier, car on lui rend
visite et sa critique d'art n'est jamais quand elle doit paraitre
au  ■ quotidien.
(o.)  passerelle, passage, passant.
II y a beaucoup de petits obscurs dans cette maison, mais pas de	
pour traverser le ruisseau pres de la route ou Ton voit tant de 	
chaque jour.
15       5. Traduisez chaque phrase en anglais et en f rancais respectivement :—
(a.) Quel bon regard il a!—She has no regard for us.
(B.) II ne m'attend jamais.—Kindly attend to me.
(c.)  Son arme est tout a fait brisee.—He has a broken arm.
(d.)  J'ai un long travail a faire.—They all love to travel,
(e.)  Donnez moi la monnaie de dix francs.—Has that man much money?
25       6-  (fl-)  Masculin de:   marraine, favorite, chiffonniere, provengale, danseuse, grecque.
Pluriel de:   Son eventail est un chef-d'oeuvre fait par un vieil artisan.
(B.)  Remplacez les mots en italique par des pronoms personnels ou demonstratifs.
(1.)  Quant a, ces ouvriers, ils ont gagne beaucoup d'argent.
(2.) Nous n'avons jamais recu les visiteurs dans la salle basse. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 189
(3.) Veuillez done parler a nos amies.
(4.)  C'est en effet la Tour Eiffel!   on propose de raconter son histoire d,
ces enfants.
(5.)  Voila la danse que je prcfere pour les pay sans du Midi,
(c.)  Traduisez:—
Je viens d'arriver a l'instant.
D'ou venez vous si tard?
II vint a pleuvoir ce jour-la.
Que devenir dans ce desert!   s'Gcrie-t-il.
Se souvenir du bien n'est que juste.
(d.) Donnez un bon equivalent anglais:—
un pont a dos d'iine.
une civilisation demodee.
conspuer l'autorite.
faire tout du meme coup.
le machinisme a outrance.
French Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
20       !• Commentez- brievement  ce  passage   (en  anglais)   et  expliquez  les  expressions  en
Ne traduisez pas.
Magdelon.—Nous avons ete jusqu'ici dans un je&ne cffroyable de divertissements.
Mascarille.—Je m'offre a vous mener l'un de ces jours A la come'die, si vous
voulez; aussi bien on en doit jouer une nouvelle que je serais bien aise que
nous voyions ensemble.
Magdelon.—Cela n'est pas de refus.
Mascarille.—Mais je vous demande d'applaudir comme il faut, quand nous serons
la; car je me suis engage de faire valoir la piece, et l'auteur m'en est venu
prier encore ce matin. C'est la coutume ici qu'a nous autres, gens de
condition, les auteurs viennent lire leurs pieces nouvelles, pour nous engager
3. les trouver belles et leur donner de la reputation; et je vous laisse a
penser si, quand nous disons quelque chose, le parterre ose nous contredire.
Pour moi, j'y suis fort exact; et quand j'ai promis a quelque poete, je crie
toujours :   " Voila qui est beau ! " devant que les chandelles soient allume'es.
30       2. Traitez en f rancais l'un des sujets suivants :— ,
(a.)  Decrire la premiere representation des Pricieuses Ridicules—organisation
du theatre—le public—la piece.
(B.)  Pourquoi les idees des precieuses sur le mariage semblaieut-elles absurdes
a Gorgibus?
20       3. Mettez les expressions suivantes en francais moderne:—
(a.) Je ne voulais pas qu'elles sautassent du theatre de Bourbon dans la Galerie
du Palais.
(B.)  Nous leur jouerons tous deux une piece qui leur fera voir leur sottise.
(c.)  J'ai mal au coeur a, la seule vision que cela me fait.
(d.) Voila un necessaire qui demande si vous etes en commodite d'etre visibles.
(e.) Je m'en vais gagner au pied.
(/.) Tout ce que je fais a l'air cavalier.
(g.) Defaites-vous de ces noms etranges et nous appelez autrement.
(h.) On n'y dure point, on n'y tient pas. R 190 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(i.)  Je m'inseris en faux contre vos paroles.
(/.) II faut parler Chretien si vous voulez que je vous entende.
10       4. Traduisez:—
Les prieres n'occupent pas, tout de meme, les trois journees du pardon. On
s'amuse aussi; on dejeune et Ton soupe et Ton dort en plein vent. On achete
mille choses aux baraques; on apprend les nouvelles romances. Tous les
promis et les promises, se tenant a la mode bretonne, par le petit doigt,
parcourent la fete, perdus dans leurs causeries. Et d'innombrables mendiants,
des infirmes, des estropies, des " innocents " qui semblent sortir soudain de
tous les gites de la misere, reclament, parfois liprement, le droit du pauvre,
ce droit que la Bretagne mystique est toujours prete & reconnaitre.
20       5- Traitez (en frangais) en une dizaine de lignes deux des sujets suivants:—
(a.) En bouquinant sur les quais.
(B.)  L'Acadfimie Francaise.
(c.) Le Carnaval.
(d.) Le fonctionnement d'un pont tournant.
Geometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
14       1. Find the equation of each of the following straight lines:—
(a.) Passing through the points (—4,2), (6,7).
(B.1)  Perpendicular to 3x—2y+7=-0 and cutting off an intercept +4 on OX.
(c.) Passing through the origin and dividing the line joining (3, 4) to (—4, —7)
in the ratio 2:5.
12        2-  (a-)  Show how to reduce the equation Sx+4y + 5 = 0 to its normal form and show
clearly in a diagram the two parameters which enter into this form.
(6.)  How far apart are the parallel lines 3x+iy-{-5 = 0, Sx+4y—7=0?
12       3.  (a.)  Derive a formula which will determine the angle between two straight lines of
slopes m, and m2.
(B.) A (3,0) aad B  (7,0) are two points.    P  (x, y) is a variable point moving in
such  a  way  that  the  angle APB  is  always 45°.    Find  analytically  the
equation of the locus of P.
12 4. A circle passes through the origin and the centre of the circle 2x"+ 2y2—120+1=0.
Its radius is 3.   Where is its centre?
14       5.  (a.) Derive the equation of the tangent which touches the circle a?2+j/2=a2 at the
point  (,t„ ?/,).
(B.)  The circle x*+ys=9 has a tangent passing through the point (—3V2, 0).    What
is the slope of the tangent and where does it meet the circle?
12 6. If a straight line meets the sides BC. CA, AB of a triangle ABC in D, E, F respectively, then BD.CE.AF=DC.EA.FB and conversely.
12 7. Show how to describe a pentagon whose area shall be % of that of a given regular
pentagon and which shall be similar to it.
12 8. Lines are drawn from a point A to touch a circle at B and D; from A a line is drawn
to cut the circumference in C and E; join BC, CD, DE, EB, BD. Show that
History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Answer any five questions.]
20       1"  (<*•)  Why has the discovery of America been described as a "gradual process"?
(B.) Trace the chief steps in that process.
20       2. (a.) Outline what you consider to be the chief features of the Spanish Colonial
(B.)  Can Spain be said to have failed in the New World?
20 3. " The centre of the economic system in New France was the traffic in furs." Discuss
this statement, noting in your answer the effect upon New France of this
20       4. Compare and contrast Champlain and Frontenac as governors, soldiers, and explorers.
20       5. (a.) What was La Salle's dream of a Western Empire?
(B.)  Why did the French fail to achieve it?
20       6. Write brief explanatory notes on:—
(a.) The Expulsion of the Acadians.
(b.) The Proclamation of 1763.
(c.) The United Empire Loyalists.
(d.)  Sir Alexander Mackenzie,
(e.) The Northwest Company.
20       7-  (*•)  Account for the outbreak of rebellion in 1837 in Upper and Lower Canada.
(B.) Why were there no rebellions in the Maritime Provinces?
20       8. Estimate the parts played in making Confederation possible by:—
(a.)  Sir John A. Macdonald.
(B.)  The Honourable George Brown,
(c.)  Sir George Cartier.
(d.)  Sir Charles Tupper.
(e.) The Honourable Thomas D'Arcy Magee.
20 9- Describe the influence on the growth of Western Canada of (a) Lord Selkirk,
(B) Sir James Douglas, and (c) the Canadian Pacific Railway.
20     10. («•) Outline the policy of Sir Wilfrid Laurier and Sir Robert Borden at the Imperial
(B.)  In how far may the Imperial Conference of 1926 be said to have completed
their work?
Latin Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.)'
15       1. Translate:—
Genus est eius belli quod maxime vestros animos excitare atque inflammare ad
persequendi studium debeat. In quo agitur populi Romani gloria quae vobis
a maioribus cum magna in omnibus rebus turn summa in re militari tradita
est; agitur salus sociorum atque amicorum pro qua multa maiores vestri
magna et gravia bella gesserunt; aguntur certissima populi Romani vecti-
galia et maxima quibus amissis et pacis ornamenta et subsidia belli
requiretis; aguntur bona multorum civium quibus est a vobis et ipsorum
causa et rei publicae consulendum. R 192 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
(a.) Explain the mood of debeat; the case of ipsorum.   Why is a vobis used instead
of the dative with consulendum?
(b.)  Show from its derivation the meaning of requiretis.
(c.) What would vectigalia mean to a Roman?
(d.) Before whom was this address delivered?
15       2. Translate:—
Requiretur fortasse nunc quern ad modum, cum haec ita sint, reliquum possit
magnum esse bellum. Cognoscite, Quirites; non enim hoc sine causa quaeri
videtur. Primum ex suo regno sic Mithridates profugit ut ex eodem Ponto
Medea ilia quondam fugisse dicitur, quam praedicant in fuga fratris sui
membra in eis loeis qua se parens persequeretur dissipavisse, ut eorum
conlectio dispersa maerorque patrius celeritatem consequendi retardaret.
Sic Mithridates fugiens maximam vim auri atque argenti pulcherrimarum-
que rerum omnium quas et a maioribus acceperat et ipse bello superiore ex
tota Asia direptas in suum regnum congesserat in Ponto omnem reliquit.
Haec dum nostri conligunt omnia diligentius, rex ipse e manibus effugit.
Ita ilium in persequendi studio maeror, hos laetitia tardavit.
(a.) Explain the case of magnum, hoc, bello;  the reference in Medea, ilium, hos;
the antecedent of se.
(B.) Where was Pont us, Sinope, Cyzicus?
15       3. Translate:—
Bono te animo turn, Q. Hortensi, populus Romanus et ceteros qui erant in eadem
sententia dicere existimavit et ea quae sentiebatis; sed tamen in salute
communi idem populus Romanus dolori suo maluit quam auctoritati vestrae
obtemperare. Itaque una lex, unus vir, unus annus non modo vos ilia
miseria ac turpitudine liberavit sed etiam effecit ut aliquando vere videre-
mini omnibus gentibus ac nationibus terra marique imperare. Quo mihi
etiam indignius videtur obtrectatum esse adhuc, Gabinio dicam anne Pompeio
an utrique, id quod est verius, ne legaretur A. Gabinius Cn. Pompeio
expetenti ac postulanti.
(a.)  Explain the case of animo, terra marique;   the antecedent of id;   the mood of
(B.)  What is the reference in turn, una lex, ilia miseria?
(c.)  What is meant by legari (legaretur)?
15       4. Translate :—
ipse ignotus, egens, Libyae deserta peragro,
Europa atque Asia pulsus.'    Nee plura querentem
passa Venus medio sic interfata dolore est:
' Quisquis es, haud, credo, invisus caelestibus auras
vitales carpis, Tyriam qui adveneris urbem.
perge modo atque hinc te reginae ad limina perfer.
namque tibi reduces socios classemque relatam
nuntio et in tutum versis Aquilonibus actam,
ni frustra augurium vani docuere parentes.'
(a.) Explain the mood of   adveneris; the reference in reginae.
(B.) Scan the lines beginning namque and nuntio, indicating the chief caesurae.
Show how scansion helps one in determining the meaning of reduces.
10       5. Translate:—
Aeneas celsa in puppi, iam certus eundi,
carpebat somnos, rebus iam rite paratis.
huic se forma dei vultu redeuntis eodem
obtulit in somnis rursusque ita visa monere est, PART III.—APPENDICES. R 193
Value. s
omnia Mercurio similis, vocemque coloremque
et crines flavos et membra decora iuventae:
' Nate dea, potes hoc sub casu ducere somnos,
nee, quae,' te circum stent deinde pericula, cernis,
demens, nee Zephyros audis spirare secundos? '
(a.)  Scan the lines beginning Aeneas celsa and omnia Mercurio.
(B.) Explain the case of eundi, huic, eodem, dea;  the mood of stent.
10       6. Translate:—
turn pius Aeneas umeris abscindere vestem
auxilioque vocare deos et tendere palmas:
' Iuppiter omnipotens, si nondum exosus ad unum
Troianos, si quid pietas antiqua labores
respicit humanos, da flammam evadere classi
nunc, pater, et tenues Teucrum res eripe leto.
vel tu, quod superest, infesto fulmine morti,
si mereor, demitte tuaque hie obrue dextra.'
(a.) In what sense would a Roman call Aeneas pius?
(B.) Explain the mood of vocare;  the case of auxilio, quid, classi;  the antecedent
of quod.
10       7. Translate:—
hue geminas nunc flecte acies, hanc aspice gentem
. Romanosque tuos.    hie Caesar et omnis Iuli
progenies, magnum caeli ventura sub axem.
hie vir, hie est, tibi quern promitti saepius audis,
Augustus Caesar, Divi genus, aurea condet
saecula qui rursus Latio regnata per arva
Saturno quondam, super et Garamantas et Indos
proferet imperium.
(a.) Explain the reference in Divi.   How far is genus justified?   What lies back of
the epithet aurea?
(b.)  Scan, with comments, the lines beginning hie vir and Saturno.
10       8.  (a.) Take any of the above passages in Virgil and show in detail how a prose
treatment might differ from the poet's.
(B.)  Name Cicero's and Virgil's chief works.
Latin Prose Composition, Sight Translation, and Roman History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. Latin Prose Composition.
1. Translate into Latin :—
4 (a.) Let us then refuse to be slaves and let us have the courage to become free.
4 (B.) He is so foolish that he thinks he can injure me without injuring himself.
4 (c.) He pretended to be willing to return home to prevent me from thinking that
he had not been informed.
4 (d.) I prefer, says he, to undergo every hardship in my old age rather than seem
5 (e.) He never saw me without saying that it was due to me that his brother had
not been spared.
5 (/.)  I cannot help thinking that if you had not helped him his enemies would
have driven him into exile.
13 R 194 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
8 (g.)  I succeeded at last in persuading them that I had always helped my fellow
citizens.    I do not think, however, that they can be persuaded to trust
either you or your brother.
6 (li.)  So far am I from hoping that I shall be able to reach the city before
midday that I am afraid that we shall be compelled to travel all night.
B. Translation at Sight.
36       2. Translate into English :—
atque ante quam de incommodis Siciliae dico, pauca mihi videntur esse de
provinciae dignitate, vetustate, utilitate dicenda. nam cum omnium sociorum
provineiarumque rationem diligenter habere debetis, turn praecipue Siciliae,
iudices, plurimis iustissimisque de causis; primum quod omnium nationum
exterarum princeps Sicilia se ad amicitiam fidemque populi Romani appli-
cavit. prima omnium, id quod ornamentum imperii est, provincia est
appellata, prima docuit maiores nostros quam praeclarum esset exteris
gentibus imperare, sola fult ea fide benevolentiaque erga populum Romanum
ut civitates eius insulae quae semel in amicitiam nostram venissent, numquam
postea deficerent, pleraeque autem et maxime illustres in amicitia perpetuo
manerent. itaque maioribus nostris in Africam ex hac provincia gradus
imperii factus est. neque enim tam facile opes Carthaginis tantae concidis-
sent nisi illud et rei frumentariae subsidium et receptaculum classibus nostris
pateret. quare P. Africanus Carthagine deleta Siculorum urbes signis
monumentisque pulcherrimis exornavit, ut quos victoria populi Romani
maxime laetari arbitrabatur, apud eos monumenta victoriae plurima
C. Roman History.
[N.B.—Write on either 3 or 2,.]
24 3. Write a brief note (not more than ten words in each case) on sixteen of the following: Ennius, Jus Gentium, Rubicon, Philippics, Caligula, Ides of March, Hadrian,
Timgad, Column of Trajan, Georgics, doles, Circus Maximus, Silchester, Forum,
veto, Licinius, Nobiles, Divide et impera, Appius Claudius, Vestal Virgins,
Jugurtha, Cunctator, Social War, Maecenas.
24 4. Write a brief note (not more than ten words in each case) upon sixteen of the following : Terra Mare, Dionysius, pomoerium, comitia, Veii, Sentinum, ager Romanus,
Auspicia, tributum, XII. Tables, pater familias, Ptolemies, Ecnomus, Boii,
Archimedes, Metaurus, Antiochus, Numantia, Mummius, novus homo, stipendium,
latifundia, Plautus, Circus Flaminius.
Physics.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[The first question and any other seven constitute a full paper.]
5 1.  (a.) If there were no friction on a hill which rises 3 ft. vertically in 100 ft. of road,
what force parallel to the road would be needed to hold a 2,400-lb. automobile at rest? In uniform motion upward? In uniform motion downward? Show how one of Newton's Laws of Motion gives us the answer to
these questions.
6 (B.)  If the engine is working at 16 h.p. as the automobile is going up this hill at a
uniform rate of 30 miles per hour (44 ft. per second), what force must it be
exerting and what must be the force of friction resistance?
6 (c.) What will be the kinetic energy of the car when moving as in (B)?    (In the
solution, give the name of each numerical quantity and hence show the name
of the answer and its significance.) PART III.—APPENDICES. R 195
6 (d.) If at a certain point the flow of gasoline is so adjusted that the car is given an
acceleration of 2 ft. per sec. per sec, what force in excess of that needed
for uniform motion as in (B) is the engine exerting and how far will it go
in one second from that point?
6 2. (a.) A picture weighing 20 lb. is hung by a wire over a nail in the usual way. Find
the tension in the wire if the two portions of it make an angle of 90° at the
nail. State in words the law or principle which is used in the solution of
such problems.
2 (b.) What are Brownian Movements?
3 (o.)  Define the terms, osmosis, sublimation, and viscosity.
Q 3. (a.) The diameter of the planet Mars is 4,230 miles and its density is 7/10 that of
the earth. Find the weight of a pound mass on the surface of Mars. On
what type of balance should this be measured if the actual test were
5 (B.)  State Doppler's Principle and show how it might be used to find the velocity
with which a source of sound is approaching or receding from a stationary
Q 4. (a.) Define musical interval and give the intervals between the different notes in
the major diatonic scale. Why and how are these intervals tempered on
the piano?
3 (B-) Why does dew rarely form under a tree or on a cloudy night?
2 (c.)  What is meant by the term "critical temperature"?
6 5.  (a.)  The average pressure on the piston of a steam-engine is 60 lb. per sq. in.    If the
area of the piston is 50 sq. in. and the length of the stroke 10 in., find
(1)  the work done in one stroke by the piston, and  (2) how much heat,
measured by B.T.U., was lost by the steam in moving the piston.
5 (B.)  A cu. cm. of air under standard conditions weighs .001293 gm.    What will be
the weight of a cubic meter of air at 20° C. and 80 cm. pressure?
(J 6. (a.) Draw a diagram showing the arrangement of the lenses and the formation of
the image in a telescope. How would you find its magnifying power by
formula and by experiment?
5 (B.)  Explain any one method of finding the velocity of light.
6 7.  (a.)  Give the two standard definitions of the term "index of refraction" and show
by reference to a suitable diagram why one is the equivalent of the other.
5 (B.)  Describe the Fraunhofer lines and account for their origin.
Q 8. (a.) Three Daniell's cells each having an E.M.F. of 1.08 volts and internal resistance
of 4 ohms are to be used to drive a current through a resistance of 4.5 ohms.
Show whether series or parallel connection of the cells will give the greater
5 (B.)  Draw a diagram of each circuit in  (a)  showing an ammeter and a voltmeter
suitably connected to show the amperes and volts respectively in the 4.5-ohm
coil. Why is the resistance of the ammeter low and that of the voltmeter
Q 9. («.) Explain the electrolysis of water, showing the meaning of the terms ionization,
ionic charge, electrolyte, anode, and cathode.
5 (B.) How  are  X-rays  obtained?   What  is  their  nature?   Name   some   of   their
properties. R 196 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Trigonometry.    (Time, 3 hours.) '
[Note.—Sufficient data are appended in the table.]
15 1.  (ffl.) Without using tables, find the exact numerical value of
sin 240°+ 3 cos 270°-2 tan 135°.
(6.) If A and B are each less than 180° and tan A = ^v2-, cos B= -|-, find the
exact numerical value of cos (A - B) and tan 2A.
(c.) A pendulum 37.46 inches long swings through an a,rc of 3.63 inches.    Find
in degrees, minutes, and seconds  the angle through which it swings.
(Use7r = 3.1416.)
10 2.  Prove any two of the following :—
(b.) cos (A + B) =-• cos A cos B - sin A sin B.
(c.) c2 = a2 + b2 - 2ab cos C, for C obtuse.
in         o/\t>          •           i.' •      i     o, , cos A     b  , cos B
15 3. (ffl.) Brove, m any triangle, — + =_+.
(b.) Prove
be        ffl        ac        b
cos 3x — cos x       2 tan x
sin 3x - sin x    tan2  x - 1
(o.) Find the radius of the escribed circle which touches BC of the triangle ABO.
15        4. Given a = 5, & = 6, C = 132° 23', use natural functions to find the following:—
•    («.) the side c to the nearest tenth,
(b.) the area,
(c.) the radius of the inscribed circle.
15        5. Given ffl = 37.46, b = 36.30, c = 55.52, find the angles and show that their sum is
10 6.  A man walking along a road due E. sees a fort 4 miles away in the direction
E. 20° 12' N. If the guns of the fort have a range of 3 miles, how far must
he go before he is (1) within range, (2) out of range again 1
10 7.  Two buoys are anchored in line with a cliff and are 500 ft. apart.     At high tide
the angles of depression from the top of the cliff are 45° and 20° 12' respectively. At low tide the corresponding angles are 48° 49' and 20° 59'. How
high is the tide 1
10 8. A statue 12 ft. high stands on a pedestal 9 ft. high.    How far from the pedestal
is a point on the ground where the statue and pedestal subtend equal angles ?
log sin
log COS
log tan
7° 13'
20° 12'
20° 59'
27° 25'
47° 37'
48° 49'
3 630
tt(3.1416)        .49715
Greek Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.) ,
15 1. Translate:—
SevTepas ovv o-Ketpeios dp^rj irpovredrj, tis apifrrri rZv TeyyQ>v Kai pdo-rri eKpaOeiv
Kai dvSpl iXevOepu) Trpeirovua Kai irpoyeipov k\ov(ra ri)v \opyrylav Kai SiapKrj
tov iropov. dXXov roivvv dXXrjv ewaivovvTos, (us eKao-Tos yvdiprjs i) epireipias
ei^ev, 6 irarrfp el<s rbv delov diriSwv,—irap-fjv yap o irpbs pijTpbs ^aos, dpicrros
eppoy Xvcpos eivai Sokiov [/cat Xidoj-]6os ev tois paXurra evSoKipois]—ov depis,
elirev, dXXiqv Te\vnv eiriKpaTeiv o~ov irapovTos, dXXd tovtov dye—Sei^as epe
—Kai SiSacrKi irapaXaBwv Xi&biv epyaTrjv dyaObv eivai Kai CTwappoo-j-qv Kai
eppoyXvopea- Svvarai yap Kai tovto <pvo-e(i>s ye, <i>s oiuOa, tv^iov Sepias.
(a.) Explain the case of eiraivovvrow:, epireipias, crov, <f>vo-ea>s; the tense of e^ovcra,
15        2. Translate:—
KYK. KareXaf3ov ev tu> dvrput dirb Trjs vopi)s dvao-T petpas toXXovs Tivas, eirij3ov-
XevovTas SrjXov on tois iroipviois' eirel yap eiredijKa Trj dvpa. to iroipa—
irerpa Se ecrrt irappeyeO-qs—Kai to ?ri1p dveKavtra evavvdpevos o e<f>epov SevSpov
dirb tov opovs, e<pdvrjo-av diroKpvineiv avrovs ireipiopevor eyo> St o-vXXaBiiv
Tivas avTiov, &(nrep eiKos ■tjv, Kare<f>ayov XrjO-Tas ye 6Vt<xs. evravOa 6 iravovp-
yoraros eKeivos, eire Ovtis eire 'OSuo-Cei's rjv, SiSoxti poi irieiv cpappaKov Tt
Jy)(6as, yjSv pev Kai evoo-pov, eiri/3ovXoTaTov Se Kai rapa)^(i>SecrTaTov.
(a.) Explain the case of Ovpa; the mood of ireiptiipevoi; the derivation of irappeyeOrjs,
(b.) Write the principal parts of KareXaj3ov, dvao-Tpeipas, eireOrjKa, ecftepov, etpavrjo-av,
Kare<pa.yov, SiSuxti.
15 3. Translate :—
irepl p'evroi ru>v otpdaXpiov, o'lows eyovo-iv, okv& pev eiireiv, pq tis pe vopio-y
\pevSeo~8ai Sid to diri<nov toij Xoyov. Spots Se Kai tovto epur tovs 6(p0aXpovs
irepiaipeTovs eyovo-i, Kai o BovXopevos e^eXutv tovs avrov TvtpXdJTTei eo-T' dv
Seijdrj iSeiv o{!to> 8" evOepevos opa- Kai iroXXol tovs o-tfieTepovs diroXeo-avTes
irap' dXXwv ^piicrapevoi opojo-iv. eici S' ot Kai iroXXovs airoOeTovs evovcriv,
ol irXovcrioi. to. &Ta Se irXaTavutv (pvXXa eo~Tlv avTOis.
(ffl.) Explain the mood of vopio-t], SeyjOrj.
15 4. Translate :—■
AH     i/ prjv o-i; ireio-ei Ka'iirep ittpbs 3>v dyav
Totos ^eprjTos eto-i Trpbs Sopovs dvrjp,
]Lvpvo-0eo)s ivepxpavTos iirireiov peTa
o\7]pa QpyK-qs eK to/tojv Svo-^eipepon',
6s Sij j^eviaOeis toioS' ev 'ASpyjTOV Sopois
pia yvvaiKa T'fjvSe o~' e^aip-qo-eTai.
9A.     ttoXX' dv o-v Xe£as ovSev dv irXeov Xdfiois'
fj S' odv yvvrj KaTeiciv eis'AiSov Sopovs.
o~Teiyu> S' eir' avTqv, its KaTap^mpai £i<pei-
lepbs yap ovtos tcov KaTa \9ovbs 9eoiv
otov too" ey\os KpaTos dyvio-g Tpi^a.
(o.) Scan the last two lines.
(b.) Explain briefly the reference in ^ep-qTos, Ripvo-Oeios, 'ASprJTov. R 198 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
15        5. Translate:—
XOP.     eym Kai Sta povo-as
Kai peTapo-ios y^a, Kai
irXeio-Tiav dipdpevos Xoywv
Kpeio-o-ov ovSev 'AvdyKaS
ijvpov, ovSe ti ipdppaKov
Qprjo-o-ais ev aavlo-iv, Tas
'Opipeia KaTeypaipev
yrjpvs, ovS' 6'o-a QoiBos 'A-
o-KXrjiriaSais eSoiKe
(pappiaKa iroXvirovois
avTiTepwv BpoToio-iv.
(ffl.) Comment on the form 'AvdyKas, the use of Tas.
15        6. Translate :—
HP. etScos ti Kayui ti'jvS' e'^to irpoOvpiav.
AA. viKa vvv.     ov prjv avSdvovTa poi iroieis.
HP. aXX' e<rO' '66' rjpas alveo-eis' iridov pbvov.
AA. Kopi^eT, el xprj Ti^Se Se^ao-dai Sopois.
HP. ovk dv peQeirjV ttjv yvvaiKa irpocnroXois.
AA. o"i) S' avTos avTrjv eio~ay\ el SoKei, Sopovs.
HP. els o-ds pev ovv eycoye 0-qo-opai yepas.
AA. ovk dv 6'iyoipr Sotpa o" eiireXdeiv irdpa.
HP. Ty art ireiroiOa XelPL ^e^'? povrj.
AA. dva£, fiid^ei p' oi OeXovTa Spdv TaSe.
(ffl.) Scan the second line.
(5.) What roles are played by Death and Heracles?
10 7.  (o,.) Write briefly on the differences between the Greek world of Lucian's day
and that of the time of Euripides.
(6.) Identify Menippus, Charon, Minos, Pythagoras, Menelaus. Third-year Course, Commercial.
Accountancy Practice.    (Time, 3% hours.)
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—Please provide each candidate with 2 double sheets of 2-column
journal paper; 2 double sheets of ledger paper; and 5 single sheets of foolscap.]
1. From the following information prepare:—
10 (1.)  Trading Account.
10 (2-)  Profit and Loss Account.
20 (3-)  Balance Sheet as at May 31, 1929.
Dunmore & Clarke—Trial Balance, May 31, 1929.
A. Dunmore—Capital  .,    $30,000.00
C. Clark—Capital      20,000.00
A. Dunmore—Drawings       81,200.00
C. Clark—Drawings  900.00
Cash         2,100.00
Accounts Receivable        11,200.00
Fixed Assets         7,000.00
Reserve for Depreciation, Fixed Assets        2,000.00
Sundry Current Assets         1,690.00
Merchandise Inventory, May 31, 1928      38,000.00
Purchases       187,000.00
Sales    201,760.00
Returned Purchases  800.00
Returned Sales        1,260.00
Purchase Discounts        3,270.20
Sales Discounts         4,275.00
Rent         3,600.00
Insurance    260.00
Taxes   430.00
Advertising        2,100.00
Salaries         3,400.00
Sundry Expenses        4,628.90
Commissions Earned         2,400.00
Interest on Notes Receivable   128.60
Interest on Notes Payable   74.76
Sundry Liabilities        8,759.86
$269,118.66 $269,118.66
Inventories, Accruals, Adjustments, etc., May SI, 1929.
1. Merchandise on hand, $44,897.63.
2. 5% of Accounts Receivable are bad.
3. Fixed Assets have depreciated 10% during the past year.
4. Rent due and unpaid, $400.
5. Insurance unexpired, $80.
6. Advertising materials on hand, $260.
7. Office and Store Supplies (charged to Sundry Expenses) on hand, $243.80.
8. Interest accrued on Notes Receivable, $26.40.
9. Interest accrued on Notes Payable, $31.20.
10. Allow partners 6% interest on capital to their credits at the beginning of the
year, and divide net profits or losses equally. R 200 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
2. The following is the Balance Sheet of Brooks & Cumming as at May 31, 1929:—
Cash  $2,000 Notes Payable    $5,000
Notes Receivable  4,000 Accounts Payable     10,700
Accounts Receivable  9,000 A. Brooks—Capital      30,000
Merchandise Inventory   40,000 J. Cumming—Capital       10,000
Equipment  500
Office Supplies  j  200
$55,700 $55,700
Cumming sold his interest in the business to Brooks, who formed the Excelsior Trading
Co., Limited, to take over the assets and assume the liabilities of the partnership
at the Balance Sheet valuations.    The company's charter authorized it to issue
500 shares of capital stock, par value, $100.
According to agreement, Cumming accepted the company's note as of June 3, 1929,
payable in one year with interest at 6%, for his equity in the partnership assets.
Brooks subscribed for 300 shares of the capital stock of the company at par, to
be issued in full payment for his equity.   The remaining stock was subscribed at
par, and payments therefor were received on June 3.
Set up entries in general journal form as of June 3, 1929 :—
10 («•) To close the books of Brooks & Cumming.
10 (B.) To open the books of the Excelsior Trading Company, Limited.
10 3. At the end of May, 1929, the Bank Balance as shown by the Cash Book was $1,657.87.
This did not agree with the balance shown by the Bank Pass Book. On checking
each book you found that a deposit of $432.45 was entered in the Cash Book on
May 31, but was not taken to the bank until June 1; cheques outstanding were
as follows : No. 128, $116.57; No. 132, $113.67; and No. 137, $99.60. A sight draft
on William Lawson & Co. for $238 had been collected by the bank on May 27, and
the proceeds placed to your credit, less 75c, collection charges, and no entry had
been made in the Cash Book.
What balance would the Pass Book show?
Prepare a Reconciliation Statement.
4. Write the Journal Entries which would appear on the books of the Food Products
Company, recording the following transactions :—
5 (a.)  On April 7, 1929, the Food Products Company sold R. E. Hamilton, goods
valued at $500, receiving in payment Cash, $200, and a note signed by
Mr. Hamilton, drawn the same date, at 90 days without interest.
5 (&.) On May 6, the Food Products Company discounted R. E. Hamilton's note at
the Royal Bank of Canada, and received credit for the face of the note,
less 7% interest on the face for the unexpired time.
5 (c.)  On May 8, the Food Products Company sold the United Food Company,
goods, $560, terms, 5/10, n/60.
5 (d.) On May 12, the United Food Company paid the account in full.
5. On June 30, 1929, R. Black and F. Cassidy decide to close out their partnership
business.   Their accounts have been kept by Single Entry, and show the following
balances :—
Cash on hand, $600;   Cash in Bank, $4,200;  Accounts Receivable, $2,400;   Bills
Receivable, $800;   Land and Buildings, $12,000;  Accounts Payable, $2,750;
Bills Payable, $1,200;  Mortgage Payable, $4,000.
Inventories: Merchandise, $8,500; Fuel, $400; Office Supplies, $175. PART III.—APPENDICES. R 201
On January 1, 1929, R. Black was credited with a balance in his capital account
of $10,000 and F. Cassidy with $8,000. Interest is to be allowed each partner
on his investment at 8% per annum, and profits and losses are "shared equally.
5 (a.) Prepare a statement showing the net profit or loss for the period.
5 (B.)  Show partners' accounts properly written up and closed.
Accountancy Theory.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—No other paper than the Examination Booklets is necessary.]
5       1-  (<*■)  Explain briefly the differences between Single Entry and Double Entry.
3 ("■) Which System do you prefer?    Why?
4 (c.) How do you ascertain the Net Gain or Net Loss from a set of books kept by the
Single Entry System?
4 (d.) How do you change a Set of Books from Single Entry to Double Entry?
2. " In modern business the primary record of any normal transaction is made oil; a
,   ■ paper of some kind."
5 (a.) Comment on the above statement.
10 (B.)  Name and describe the uses of at least 6 business papers which you would
expect to find in the offices of a large retail store.
5       3.  (a.) Define and explain the purpose of controlling accounts.
5 (B.) In  order to  operate  controlling  accounts  successfully,  what  provisions  are
necessary in the cash book?
8x3     4. Draft journal entries for the following:—
= 16 (a.) Declaring a dividend.
(B.) Paying a dividend in cash.
(c.) Paying a dividend by issuing stock certificates.
(d.) Creating a Bad Debts Reserve. . -   ,
(e.) Writing off an account as a bad debt.
(/.) Creating a Reserve for Depreciation on Machinery.
(g.) Closing a Drawings Account into Capital Account.
(h.) Closing Trading Account into Profit and Loss Account.
3 5.  (a.)  What is a Trial Balance?
4 (b.)  Does the Trial Balance furnish all the information necessary for the preparation
of the Balance Sheet?    If not, what extra data may be necessary?
5 ::   " . (c) If the Trial Balance does not balance, how would you locate the error or errors?
5 (d.) Illustrate errors, which the Trial Balance would not reveal. *
10       6. What accounts would you expect to find in the ledger of a Commission Merchant that
would not appear in the ledger of a retail merchant?
7. Allen & Co.,,of Vernon, make regular shipments of fruit to Benson & Co., of Vancouver, who sell on a 5% commission. .
July 3. Allen & Co. ship goods costing $1,200 and prepay freight and cartage amounting to $18.
July  5. Benson & Co. receive the goods and pay delivery charges, $10.
July   6. Benson & Co. sell half the shipment for $800 cash.
July  7. Benson & Co. paid for advertising and storage charges, $21.
July 7. Benson & Co. reported to Allen & Co. that ten cases of cherries which cost $25
were unsaleable. The remaining part of the shipment was sold for $44Q
on account at 10 days to J. E. Davis & Co. v. -...-: « R 202 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
July  8. Benson & Co. rendered an account sales and remitted Allen & Co., cash $707.
July 11. Allen & Co. received the Account Sales with Bank Draft for $707 enclosed.
8 (a.)  Show Journal Entries in Consignor's Books.
8 (B.)  Show Journal Entries in Consignee's Books.
Arithmetic, General.    (Time, 2% hours.)
4 1. Write in words the number 22,503,401 and in figures the number which must be
subtracted from it to leave a remainder of twelve hundred and seventeen thousand
three hundred and forty.
.     24-i- ,     16A
4 Divide —f- by —I.
6T-V       38|
4 Multiply .0126 by 17.28.
12 2. A cubic foot of water weighs 62% lb., and ice is 0.92 as heavy as water. An artificial-
ice plant makes its ice in cakes 18" long and 16" wide. Find how thick the ice
should be frozen so that each cake will weigh approximately 100 lb.
12 3. The cost of material on an order for 50 articles was $715 and the charge for productive labour was $525. If factory expense was calculated as 40% of the productive-
labour charge, find the factory cost of the order. If selling expense is calculated
as 12%% and a net profit of 15% is desired, what selling-price should be quoted
on each article?
9 4. J. H. Smith shipped a car containing 756 boxes of apples from Kelowna to Toronto,
where they were sold by F. C. Butler, Commission Agent. The freight charges on
the shipment amounted to $907.20. The apples were sold at $2.75 per box, and
Butler charged a commission of 12%% for selling them. What amount was
remitted to J. H. Smith?
10       5. Find the compound interest upon $1,625, compounded semi-annually, for 3 years and
6 months, at 8%.
Note.—The amount of $1 at the end of 7 years at 4% is: 1.36086.
12 6. A pedestal for a statue consists of three square slabs.    The top slab, 1 yard broad,
rests on the next, which is 1% yds. broad; this rests on a slab 1% yds. broad,
which rests on the ground. These slabs form a four-sided stairway, each step
being 6" high. What will it cost to gild this pedestal at $1.25 a sq. ft., omitting
the upper surface of the uppermost slab?
9 7. The preferred stock of a corporation pays 7%% and amounts to $200,000, while the
common stock amounts to $250,000. From a net profit of $66,514.75 the directors
pay the dividends on the preferred stock and one of 12% on the common stock.
What is the balance of the surplus account after the dividends are paid?
13 8. On Jan. 1, Smith and Thompson form a partnership, each investing $5,000.    On July
1, Smith invests $1,000 more and on Oct. 1 he withdraws #1,000. On March 1,
Thompson withdraws $1,000 and on Dec. 1 he invests $1,000. If profits and
losses are shared in proportion to average investment, find each partner's share
of a net profit of $1,425.
12 9. A model of a machine is made in wood, and is found to weigh 24.2 lbs. The machine
is to be made of iron, and every line in it is to be 8 times as long as the corresponding line in the model. If a cubic foot of wood weigh 44 lbs., and a cubic
foot of iron weigh 490 lbs., what will be the weight of the machine in tons?
R 203
Arithmetic, Rapid Calculation.    (Time, 30 minutes.)
[Note.—Candidates may be supplied with working paper, but anstcers must be handed in on the
actual examination paper in the spaces provided. Rapid calculation papers must be collected
at the end of 30 minutes, at which time the general paper will be distributed.]
1. Obtain the following products:—
2. Divide the following:—■
35       3. Complete the following pay-roll :-
Name.            Mon. Tue.
Brown, G  8 8
Jones, J  8 8
Trainer, B  8 8
Fox, J. C  8 8
Dibbs, F  9 8
Gordon, R  8 0
Farmer, W  7 8
Randall, P  9 8
Simons, J. ..!  6 9
Brooks, N  9 9
Haer, G  8 9
Engle, 0  8 8
Kuhn, H  7 6
Hours worked.
Wed.     Thu.
8 8
9 7
7 8
16       4. Correct the errors in the following :—
Profit and Loss Statement, 1928.
Dry Goods Shoes Men's W.
Department. Department. Departm.
Sales        $165,780 $96,370 $142960
Goods returned....           630 250 610
Net Sales      $165,150 $96,120 $142350
Cost of Goods ....      100,740 70,015 96370
Gross Profit         64,410 25,105 45980
Overhead Charges       16,480 7,216 10860
Net Profit      •  47,930 17,889 35120
100939 •
R 204
5. Complete the following invoice:—•
W. H. Smith, sold to J. Rooinson.        ,.,.
6 Bicycle Lamps
@ $2.50
24 Bicycle Carriers
18 Hand Horns
30 Bells
12 Sirens
12 Dry Batteries
15 Cyclometers
25 prs. Shields
50 prs. Guards
10 Mirrorscopes
8 B. Stands
6 Foot Pumps
12 Hand Pumps
6 Saddles
12 Saddle Clamps
36 Repair Outfits
Less 20%, 10%, and 10%
6. Balance and foot the following cash account in spaces indicated:—-
Jan.   1
785.19            Jan.  1	
641.35                        2
573.60                       3
718.12                       4
685.27                     ;   5
1,086.51                        6
6.  Balance
Jan.  8   Balance
,.    Jan.  8
732.20                        9
650.12                      10
580.00                      11
697.20                      12
842.57                      13
1,074.63                    13   Balance
Jan. 15   Balance
Jan. 15
16     -
802.41                      16
648.29                      17
572.12                      18
18. „
675.00             4     19
727.61                      20
r if,
."    1,129.47                             Balance
Jan. 22   Balance PART III.—APPENDICES. R 205
1.  (a.)
Business Correspondence.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will be furnished plain letter paper and envelopes.   In questions 1 and 2
show the addressed envelope.]
Explain clearly what is meant by the term " Tone " in a business letter.
James Laidlaw & Sons, Nelson, B.C., have written your firm complaining that
you have drawn on them at sight whereas the goods were sold on thirty
days' time. As secretary of the Vancouver Import Company, Limited, 121
Cordova St. W., Vancouver, B.C., reply stating that the mistake was due to
carelessness in your Credit Department. Word your letter so as to make
sure that you will retain the patronage of a valued customer.
4 (c.)  Point out the manner in which your letter reflects the proper "tone."
8 2.  (a.)  Outline the usual successive steps to be taken in collecting a delinquent account
by mail.
10 (B.)  J. A. Ross, 101 Main St., Kamloops, B.C., owes you a small balance now long
overdue, and makes no effort towards settlement. Write the first and
second of a series of collection letters to him. Your address is 249 Government St., Victoria, B.C. In your second letter use the opportunity to
promote sales.
Q       3.  (a.)  What are "Form Letters"?    Explain their uses.
10 (b.) Draw up a " Form Letter " which may be used by the principal of your school
to answer inquiries as to the extent of the Commercial Course provided by
your school, its approximate cost, and the future prospects offered a
9 4.  (a.) Write short notes on:  (1) The " You " interest;  (2) News Value;  (3) Person
ality in business letters.
9 (B.) Write a sales letter constructed to promote the sale of a well-known household
article. Show in the margin opposite each section of your letter the names
of the six elements which should constitute a good sales letter.
5 5.  (a.)  Show clearly the difference between "flat" and "vertical" filing and state the
advantages of the vertical system.
15 (B.)  Explain clearly the advantages claimed for the "Direct Name System," and
show where the " Numerical " and " Geographical " systems would be preferable, and give your reasons.
10 (c.) Describe the uses of a " Cross Reference System."
Commercial Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
13 1- Show how the nature of the coast-line of a country materially influences its development.    Illustrate your answer by reference to two or more countries.
13 2. Explain the effect of waterways on the development of Commerce and Manufacturing
Industries.    Give two or more Canadian illustrations to prove your statements.
18 3. By the aid of a sketch-map of Canada show the location of the chief natural resources
of all the Provinces west of the Ottawa River.
13 4. By the aid of a sketch-map' of British Columbia show the proposed route of the
Pacific and Great Eastern Railway into the Peace River District and locate on it
the chief natural resources which may be developed by its construction.
13 5. Outline briefly the advantages to be derived by the United States and Canada by the
construction of the St. Lawrence Deep Waterways Canals.
13 6. Name the chief commodities for which Canada is dependent on the United States,
and also those for which the United States is dependent on Canada.    Describe R 206 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
briefly the geographical features which make it difficult for Canada to overcome
this dependence.
10 7. In what respects would a " Trade Agreement " of all the countries of the British
Empire tend to relieve this dependence?    Discuss.
13 8. Write short notes on the " Trade Opportunities " offered to Canada in: (a) The West
Indies; (B) Brazil; (c) The Argentine Republic. Name the chief commodities
which may be interchanged in each case.
Commercial Law.    (Time, 2 hours.)
5x3     1. " A contract is a mutual agreement between parties of full age and capacity whereby
= 10 for valuable or good consideration the one party agrees with the other to do or
abstain from doing some lawful act."—Sears.
Explain the meaning and legal significance of each of the italicized portions of the
above definition.
' 2. On June 10, 1929, Adams sold goods to Brown for $300, and on the same day drew on
Brown, for the full amount, in favour of Clark, at 30 days' sight, making the
draft negotiable by endorsement. The drawee accepted on June 12. On June 15,
the payee sold the paper to Davis, endorsing it in full. Davis resold the instrument to Eldridge on June 20, endorsing it restrictively.
10 (a.)  Draw the draft and show the acceptance and endorsements.
3 (B.) What is the due date?
3 (0.)  Had the drawee refused to accept the draft, would the payee have had any
recourse against the drawer?
5 (d.)  If the acceptance is not paid at maturity, what should the holder do to protect
his interests?    Against whom would he have recourse?
5 (e.)  If the paper is not paid until some weeks after the due date, may the holder
collect interest?   If so, at what rate per cent., and for what time?
5       3. (a.) A, B. and C are associated in business.   What tests would you apply to decide
whether or not they are partners?
5 (B.)  Explain clearly the difference between a General Partner and a Limited or
Special Partner.
5 (c.) Why do the Income Tax Authorities (1) Demand an Income Tax Return from
a Joint Stock Company,   (2)  Not demand an Income Tax Return from a
5       4. What is the purpose of the Mechanics' and Wage-Earners Lien Act?
5 Where and within what time must Liens be registered in British Columbia?
5. " When a party agrees to become responsible for the debt of another, or the performance of some act by him, it is a guaranty or surety."
5 (o.)  Is an oral guaranty binding, or must it be in writing?    Quote the authority for
your answer.
5 (B.)  How may a surety be discharged from his contract of suretyship?
6 6. (a.) What is a (1) Special, (2) General, Power of Attorney?
10 (0.) Write a simple form of Power of Attorney such as might be given to Robert
MacDonald, of Nelson, B.C., authorizing him to sign an Agreement of Sale
for James King, of Vancouver.
14       7. Write brief explanatory notes on the following terms:   Chattel Note, Lien Note,
Implied Covenant, Copyright, Warehouse Receipt, Executor, Interest Coupons.
100 Shorthand Dictation.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[To the Presiding Examiner.—Three hours are to be allowed the candidates from the time that
the dictation is finished. Provide candidates with plain white letter paper, or books, for
transcripts; and with foolscap, or stenographers' note-books, for taking notes. Notes may
be taken ivith either pen or pencil. Transcripts may be either pen-written or typewritten.
The teacher of the candidates may dictate the selections, and may be given the material
fifteen minutes before dictating, so that he may prepare the timing of his dictation.
Important.—The teacher's dictation must be closely cheeked for time; and he must be
positively stopped at the end of the fifth minute on each selection.]
[To the Dictator.—The dictation must be at a uniform rate of speed with close attention to the
quarter-minute marks and with watch in hand. The material must not be read, nor any
word in it mentioned, prior to the actual dictation. Alloto three minutes after each section,
in order that candidates may review their notes and recover from the tension of a five-
minutes' take.]
[To the Candidates.—Candidates will hand in three transcripts—A, B, and C. Each transcript
should begin on a separate page. Shorthand notes must Be handed in. Examination number
must be placed on each separate sheet.]
" A."
(Eighty words per minute.   Syllabic intensity not exceeding 1.5)
When goods are sold they are, as a general rule, at the risk of the owner, though if the seller (Y^)
acts as bailee of the goods for the buyer he is responsible for any injury done to them
through negligence. (%) It is therefore important to know exactly when the buyer becomes
the owner.
In the case of specific goods ready (%) for immediate delivery, the buyer becomes the owner as
soon as the contract is made, unless it is otherwise (1) arranged. The fact that either
delivery or payment is postponed is immaterial.
In the case of specific (%) goods to which the seller has to do something to make them ready for
delivery the ownership does not pass (%) to the buyer till what is required has been done,
and the buyer has been advised of the fact.
Specific (%) goods ready for delivery, but which, like wheat, have to be weighed, tested, or
measured before the price can be (2) fixed, do not pass to the buyer till what is necessary
has been done, and the buyer has received notice (%) of the fact.
Goods sent On Sale or Return, or on approval, do not become the property of the receiver (%)
till he signifies his approval or acceptance of the goods, or unless he keep them beyond the
time fixed for (%) their return, or beyond a reasonable time if no time is fixed—reasonable
time is customary time having (3) regard to trade usage. In commercial practice, however,
goods sent On Sale or Return are usually treated like (%) goods sent On Consignment, and
are held at the seller's risk—account sales being submitted and remittance made at regular
(%) intervals of a month, three months, or whatever is arranged.
In the case of future goods sold by description the (%) buyer becomes the owner when goods
answering the description have been appropriated to the contract by either (4) party with
the consent of the other. When, in pursuance of the contract, the seller delivers goods to a
carrier (%) for transport to the buyer, there is appropriation by the seller unless he reserves
the right of disposal, or (%) unless the contract provides that the buyer must, before the
ownership of the goods passes to him, observe some condition (%) such as giving a Bill of
Exchange for the price of the goods covered by the contract in question. (5)
" B."
(One hundred words per minute.)
By the climate of a country we mean the average weather throughout a series of years; the
discussion of climate requires us therefore to consider (%) questions of temperature, winds,
and rainfall. We ascertain the temperature of the air by means of a thermometer, and, in
Canada, (%) generally use Fahrenheit's, on which freezing-point is marked at 32 degrees
and boiling-point at 212 degrees. R 208 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Although the (%) interior of the earth is very hot, it is from the sun that the surface of the
world derives its heat, and the amount of (1) heat received at any place will largely depend
on the angle at which the sun's rays reach it. When the rays fall perpendicularly (%) on
a district they have a smaller area to warm, and are therefore more powerful than when
they Strike it aslant. This is one reason (%) why districts near the equator are hotter
than those near the poles, or, in other words, why temperature varies with latitude. It also
explains why (%) southern slopes in the northern hemisphere, and northern slopes in the
southern hemisphere, are comparatively warm.
Another reason why vertical (2) are more powerful than slanting rays of heat is that they have
a smaller amount of the atmosphere to pass through and so lose less (%) heat in their
passage from the sun to the earth, because the atmosphere absorbs some proportion of the
heat, especially if it is damp or (%) laden with dust particles. We must remember, however, that if the atmosphere prevents much of the sun's heat from reaching the earth it also
(%) prevents the earth from parting with the heat it has received as quickly as it otherwise
.would. Tracts of high ground and mountain-tops are (3) relatively cold, partly because
there is less atmosphere over them, and so the heat received is quickly lost, but also because
there is less land- (%) surface to be warmed. The air, in fact, receives most of its heat
indirectly from the land, and not directly from the sun, so the (%) upper layers of the
atmosphere are always cold.
Again, the temperature of a place varies according to the season. Owing to the earth's motion
(%) round the sun, and to the inclination of its axis, the sun's rays fall more vertically on
us in summer than in winter, and the (4) days are longer and the temperature higher.
Temperature will vary according to the nature of the surface on which the sun's rays
fall. (%) Land, especially bare rock and dry soil, receives heat far more quickly than
water, and also loses heat more rapidly. A large body of water, (%) therefore, has a more
equable temperature than land, and tends to moderate the extremes of temperature over it.
Another factor influencing (%) a place is the direction of the prevailing winds which blow
over it, so that proximity to the sea also greatly affects temperature. (5)
" C."
(One hundred and twenty words per minute.)
Forest areas stand second only to arable lands among the basic resources of Canada, and forest
industries have been surpassed by agriculture alone in (14) mothering commercial growth.
Their importance as a factor in the rise of Canadian commerce is disclosed by the increase
of the Dominion's exports of wood, wood products, (%) and paper from about $42,000,000 in
1903 to nearly $229,000,000 in the year ending March 1923. (%)
The work of ascertaining the actual extent of Canada's commerical forests is a large and difficult
undertaking and is still far from being complete. (1) It is estimated, however, that approximately one-quarter (600,000,000 acres) of the total land area in the Dominion is covered
b.v (%) forest growth. Of this about 150,000,000 acres may be considered as bearing saw-
timber of merchantable size, amounting approximately to (%) 550,000,000 M. feet board
measure. The balance of the area carries young stands, or timber suitable for pulpwood,
fuel, et cetera. The total pulpwood (%) resources are estimated to be about 1,300,000,000
cords, of which 500,000,000 cords is of saw-timber size and is included in the (2) estimate of
saw-timber. The total stand of timber of all kinds, reduced to board measure, is about
1,000,000,000 M. feet.    Of this, over 80 per cent, is coniferous. (%)
The Pacific province of British Columbia contains over two-thirds of the merchantable saw-
timber of Canada. The greater part of the timber in that province is (%) found on
Vancouver Island and the mainland opposite.
The forest here is almost entirely coniferous, and is made up of the following species: Douglas
fir, the most (%) valuable Canadian structural timber, 22 per cent.; western cedar, the
leading Canadian shingle wood, 22 per cent.; spruce, 21 per cent., and western hemlock, (3)
18 per cent., both valuable pulp and lumber species; white fir or balsam, another pulp
species, 9 per cent.; pine, yellow cypress, cotton wood, and other minor species (Vi) with
different uses, 8 per cent.
Owing to abundant rainfall and mild temperature the timber of the Pacific coast reaches a
remarkable development.   The largest (%) specimens and the heaviest stands of timber in PART III.—APPENDICES. R 209
Canada are found on the coast of British Columbia and to a lesser extent in a portion of
the south-eastern (%) interior of the province. These regions produce lumber of the largest
clear dimensions obtainable in Canada.
The central southern portion of British Columbia is (4) much drier than the coast region and
has a more severe climate. It produces Douglas fir of somewhat smaller size than the coast
timber, and a considerable quantity of (%) western yellow or " bull" pine, a material
similar in many respects to the white pine of Eastern Canada. The great northern interior
part of the province supports (%) a heavy growth of smaller sized timber. Spruce and
lodgepole pine form the bulk of this material, which at present is not being extensively
The forests of the (%) Prairie Provinces, including the eastern slopes of the Rocky mountains
and the north of the treeless plains, are of entirely different character from those of British
Columbia. (5)
Stenographic Practice.
(Time-limit for Transcription, 1 hour.)
[To the Presiding Examiner.—The following letters are to be dictated ONCE only at 80 words
per minute. The teacher of the students may be permitted to give the dictation; but must
not be permitted to give any information about words or letter contents prior to dictation.
The time of the dictation must be checked closely.]
[To the Dictator.—Dictate at 80 words per minute. Letters are divided into quarter-minute
sections, each containing twenty words, or their equivalent, with 1.5 intensity No instruction concerning words or contents can be permitted. Periods and paragraphs, but no other
punctuation-marks, should be indicated during the reading only. After reading a letter the
Dictator should rest until his watch indicates the beginning of the next even minute before
commencing the following letter.]
[To the Candidates.—The letters are to be typed and carbon copies taken. An envelope must
be addressed for each letter. The mailing copy of each letter has to be folded for insertion
in its envelope. It must not be put in the envelope, but must be unfolded again and handed
in flat, ready for signing, together with carbon copy and envelope. Shorthand notes to be
handed in with each letter. Examination number to be placed upon each loose sheet or
envelope in the top right-hand corner. One hour is allowed from the time of commencing
the transcription. If finished before time the Presiding Examiner will indicate the actual
time taken on your first envelope.]
Letter 1.
Mr. Henry Evans,
Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sir:
While not quite clear as to just what use you wish to make (%) of the illustrations in our
catalogue, I think there is no objection to your use of them.
Very truly yours, (%)
Letter 2.
Messrs Barker & Smith,
Hastings St. West,
Vancouver, B.C.
We are mailing you, under separate cover, our  (%) contract for this year's photography.
There will be a fee of one dollar charged on each individual sitting. For (%) the one
dollar we will furnish a black and white half-tone photograph in the style suited for engraving.
The (%) dollar will be refunded to each individual who orders one dozen photographs.
May we have your favourable (1) consideration?
Very truly yours,
14 R 210 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
Letter 3.
The West Manufacturing Co.,
New Westminster, B.C.
We should like to make an estimate on your painting. (%) We employ a large force of
experienced men and are consequently in a position to handle contracts of any (%) size. On all
work we guarantee satisfaction. It would be a pleasure to submit an estimate without obligating (%) you to employ us. %
We can refer you to numerous prominent manufacturing corporations, railroads, etc., (1)
whose executive plants we have painted and who repeatedly favour us with their contracts.
The fact that we have satisfied (%) so many exacting customers should be proof positive of the
merits of our workmanship.
May we submit estimates for (%) your consideration?
Yours very truly,
Letter 4.
The Manager,
The Vancouver Engineering Works, Limited,
Cambie St., Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir:
Have you considered (%) the advantages of having a special form of bank cheque, preferably one of voucher form?
A voucher cheque, designed (%) for your particular needs, will prove most satisfactory,
and will be a real help to your Accounting Department. (%)
Progressive concerns are realizing more and more the value of having a cheque made
specially for them in lieu of (1) the regulation cheques supplied by their banks. Furthermore,
there is an advertising value in having a cheque especially (%) engraved or lithographed.
A few specimens of our work are illustrated in half-tone on the enclosed sheet. These are
(%) but a few of many suggestions we could offer. May we submit specimens of vouchers with
an idea of cost? (%)    Check the enclosed postcard.    You will be under no obligations.
If there is any doubt in your mind as (2) to the practicability of adopting a voucher cheque
in your business, we shall be very glad to go over (%) the matter with you in detail.
Yours truly,
Letter 5.
Hon. W. MacKenzie King,
Minister of Labour,
Ottawa, Ont.
Dear Sir:
I beg to acknowledge (%) receipt of your favour of the 13th inst. informing me that the
Dominion Government is considering (%) the advisability of appointing a Royal Commission to
inquire into the needs and present equipment (%) of the Dominion as regards industrial
training and technical education, and into the system of (1) methods of technical instruction
prevailing in other countries, especially in Great Britain, France, Germany, (%) and the United
I entirely agree with the view of the government to the effect that a commission of (%)
this kind might render valuable service to the Dominion as a whole, and I have no hesitation in
saying '(%) that the appointment by the federal authorities of a commission of the character
and scope suggested in (2) your letter would meet with the approval of my government, and no
exception would be taken to such a course (V±) on any ground of jurisdiction.
Yours very truly, PART III.—APPENDICES. R 211
[To the Presiding Examiner.—The Typewriting paper consists of tivo parts, A and B. In
Part A, 900 five-stroke words are given and the candidates are to be allowed 15 minutes..
In Part B, the candidates are also to be allowed 15 minutes, and as many words as possible
should be written. No carbon copies are required in either Parts A or B. The work should
be done in double spacing.]
Part A.
50 I am an appointed official of possibly average success. The source of my banking life
was far up among the green hills of boyish fancy, the beginning rivulet so unformed
it scarcely knew to which watershed it belonged, its current so small and sensitive
that it could be turned aside or diverted by a spade. To-day the stream has come
to its lower and calmer reaches, thirty years wide and deep as its powerful
controlling recollections. This settled well-fed stream, moving toward the inevitable
sea-level, has received.the product of many a line ditch and babbling brook. Its
original name and general direction remain, but in the main the river is a composite
of a round dozen of tributaries—the influence of the branch managers or general
managers who have been set over me. As each tributary has swept into my life
its influence has been too strong, too dominating for the moment to permit of
analysing or estimating. Its swift or stagnant weight could not be avoided; it
simply had to be borne along. But to-day I look back perspectively and review the
currents, limpid green, glacial grey, or dark brown. My first manager reigned
voicelessly behind a sentried glass door and across a rich wide rug. He was not
known ever to bully. He was a gentleman therefore. He worked unselfishly on
charity boards (for little children, we understood) so he was a kindly man. But
he did not think of me as one of his little children. He did not know my name.
I could look up to his citizenship in principle only. My second manager was old
and good-natured and inebriated. Being that, he was brutal one day and
obsequiously considerate the next. He neglected his duties at times, his opportunities generally and his dignity frequently, but opportunities for the welfare and
advancement of his staff, never. It was a relic of his better self. But for his
unfortunate preoccupations, I feel he was the man who would have talked to me
sympathetically and encouragingly abbut my career—the man I needed so sorely.
We worked long and late to make up for his deficiencies. We did it cheerfully
and loyally. At his funeral we wept. Then came the man who was my leader
because he led in efficiency, wisdom, manliness, and ambition. I liked him because
he short-cutted straight to me through the little shams and conceits of the
accountant. Even to-day I yearn to have him as a friend—if, now, he would.
Back again all too shortly to the metropolitan arena, this time double glass doors and
a wider, richer carpet. But, by one of those curious mistaken turns, I became
a privileged inhabitant of the solemn room. Voluntary evening training had
qualified me. I was to be co-confidant of valuable trade secrets, golden chances
were mine. The mistake was that the confidence of a bank manager was to me
a strange language. No superior officer had ever taken ten minutes to talk to me
about opportunities. No manager had ever paid me the slightest attention outside
his office, and very little inside it. For eighteen months—I was a mere boy in a
strange city—my accountant lived next door and never asked me to come in. My
father was a professional man, without the experience to counsel me, and I found
no second father. If managers and accountants took time to notice me, it was
for the purpose of the secret report sent three times a year. Had I known about
myself what the head office knew (and why in all conscience should I not!)
I would have known how to conduct myself in that position I had earned by
industry and self-denial. I lost the position and was never told why. For me it
was the parting of the ways, a failure from which I went down instead of up.
Leadership was a sphinx, cold, impersonal, watching all and imparting nothing.
I was never told. Discouraged and with ambition sapped, a smaller branch
received me.   Its manager's popular reputation rested on one trait—his social R 212 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1928-29.
superiority complex. His employees were his hired men, his house a castle, they
the peasantry. And thus his leadership. Sympathy could have saved me, but the
only time he had me in his room was to administer a sound scolding for being
the recipient of an enclosed letter from a chum at my last branch addressed to
me by an undignified nickname. Long afterward I learned that the manager had
requested my removal. From my heart I thank him, but otherwise, then as now,
I can only guess at the reason for wanting to be rid of me. Five years at my
chosen lifework had been a failure. Of fourteen managers and accountants, one
man had invited me to his home and permitted me to be a personal friend. That
these two facts were related I have not the slightest doubt.
(909 five-stroke words.)
Part B.
50 Initiative simply means making the first move. It is the power to see what needs to
be done and the ability to start the necessary machinery to put it into operation.
It is vision vitalized. People who have initiative think out a problem, decide what
is to be done, and proceed to do it. They weigh, all the circumstances of the
situation, decide upon a line of action, and follow it through unwaveringly.
Initiative, without the power of doing things, or of getting them done, is of little value.
There is no qualification that a secretary can possess that will mean more in the
way of promotion, or, in carrying on effectively the work he is expected to do
to-day, that will yield more satisfactory results than initiative.
Initiative is the power to do things without being told. In every office some persons
will be found who go ahead and do the necessary things without waiting for
instructions. These are the leaders. They are the ones who reach the positions
of responsibility and who develop into executives. Those without initiative follow
their leadership. They cannot rise to positions of higher responsibility, simply
because they have not the ability.
As a simple illustration: Some of the executives of a business were having an informal
discussion of some correspondence in the presence of a secretary. The secretary,
as soon as the company's name was mentioned, went immediately to the file and
brought out the folder containing the correspondence in question and quickly
selected the letter dealing with the matter under discussion. The letter would
have been called for by the executives, but before they gave him instructions, the
secretary had anticipated what was needed. It was an elementary exercise of
initiative, because in a sense this was the obvious action; but it illustrates the
point that initiative in a business office, as elsewhere, is a matter of making the
first move.
Hundreds of opportunities of this kind occur every day in a busy office, where the
secretary can exercise initiative and thus hasten decisions. The secretary without
initiative would have waited to be told what was needed and then perhaps would
have asked what file the material was in, the date, and all the circumstances
surrounding it before taking any action.
Can initiative be acquired? It can. Initiative can be acquired by simply keeping one's
ey'es and ears open and by having the courage to act on one's judgment. Even
those who have little power of initiative can improve it. It can be cultivated in
the school-room. Every student of the secretarial course should make a practice
of exercising whatever power of initiative he has in all his work. It can be
manifested in the way he prepares his lessons in this course, his co-operation with
■   his teachers and the other members of his class.
Lack of initiative usually is a result of fear. We fear the results of our action. We
place an inhibition on initiative by a failure to act even in the most obvious
instances. Lack of initiative is also a result of undeveloped or weak imagination.
People without imagination rarely have initiative. The person with initiative is
willing to take a chance, and, if wrong, will try to learn from his mistakes, and
will not resent criticism. In all human actions and relations there is no such
thing as absolute, mathematical accuracy.   Conditions are fluid, changing almost PART III.—APPENDICES. R 213
with each minute. Consequentlj', the need for initiative is ever present. Initiative,
to be effective, must be immediate, but always preceded by analysis and weighing of
the results that are likely to follow an action. Initiative may be carried too far, or
may be based upon poor judgment. A sales manager had dictated a list of net
prices, giving the exact figures to be used in filing a bid, which had been prepared
quickly to catch the fast mail. The quotations involved the question of discount,
and in many instances the exact figures would have run into fractions. It was the
rule in the business, however, to use the next lowest whole number if the fraction
was one-half cent or lower, and the next highest if more than one-half cent. He
was amazed, upon receiving the bid from his typist, to find that in every instance
where the figure involved the question of a fraction, the price was changed to the
next highest whole number, although the sales manager had been specific in
dictating the exact figures to be used. The secretary in exercising " initiative "
had gone too far and, thinking that the firm was losing, as she thought, a fraction
of a cent here and there, proceeded to make the correction. As a result the bid
could not be sent and the opportunity of bidding was lost.
(1,035 five-stroke words.)
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.


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