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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1922 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1923]

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 -^—    . > -    .- ./■-
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
EEPORT
OF  THE
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM
OF
NATURAL HISTORY
FOE THE YEAR 1922
PRINTED   BY
AUTHORITY OP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
I'riuted by William H.  Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1923.  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The  undersigned  respectfully  submits  herewith  the  Annual  Eeport  of  the
Provincial Museum of Natural History for the year 1922.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., February, 1923. S.Y? "*"■■.'■ ■ ■'"'
Provincial Museum op Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., February 19th, 1923.
The Honourable J. D. MacLean, M.D.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural
History, to lay before you the Eeport for the year ending December 31st, 1922,
covering the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FEANCIS KEBMODE,
Director. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Staff of the Museum   6
Objects   7
Admission     7
Visitors  7
Activities  7
Anthropology     8
Accessions  10
Botany     13
Ornithology  16
Notes on the Occurrence of the Plumed Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia)  16
Notes on the Iceland Gull  (Larus  {leucopterusl))  17
Notes on the Occurrence of the White Pelican (Peleeanus erythrorhynchos)    18
Notes on the Occurrence of the Brown Pelican {Peleeanus califomicus)     18
Entomology     18
British Columbia Insects new to Science  19
Lepidoptera not previously recorded from British Columbia   22
Rare and Uncommon Lepidoptera taken in British Columbia during 1922  23
Microlepidoptera  26
Illustrated Lepidoptera   31
Notes and Corrections  35 .--.
DEPARTMENT OF THE PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
The Honourable J. D. MacLean, Minister.
J. L. White, Deputy Minister.
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
Staff-:
Francis Keemode, Director.
Winifred V. Redfern, Recorder. William R. Cartes, Assistant Biologist.
Ernest H. Blackmobe, Associate Curator of Entomology.
Reginald W. Park, Attendant. Edward A.  Cooke, Attendant.   REPORT of the
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
FOR THE YEAR 1922.
By Francis Kermode, Director.
OBJECTS.
(a.) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(b.) To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province,
(c.) To  Obtain  information respecting the natural  sciences,  relating  particularly  to  the
natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
ADMISSION.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. (except New Year's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on Sunday
afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
VISITORS.
The actual number of visitors whose names are recorded on the register of the Museum is
21,307, against 22,550 in last year's report. This does not by any means give the total number
of visitors throughout the year, as not only have more visitors been noticed, but the attendance
of school classes has greatly increased, while the classes from the Normal School have used the
collections considerably in regard to making drawings in connection with their nature-studies.
I would recommend that a turnstile or some other way of recording the number of visitors
accurately be installed. The following figures will give some idea of those who recorded their
names during the months of: January, 698; February, 872; March, 945; April, 1,087; May,
1,231; June, 2,131; July, 4,561; August, 4,830; September, 2,377; October, 1,135; November,
780; December,-660.
ACTIVITIES.
In last year's report it w7as mentioned that the Public Works Department had completed the
basement, and the carpenter having made four extra cases for the display of exhibits, all the
anthropological material which had for a number of years been exhibited on the main floor in
the northern section of the exhibition halls was transferred to its new quarters. Four other
cases are in the course of preparation, and a temporary arrangement .has been made to exhibit
the specimens until the four cases are completed and the extra two rooms available for the
display of exhibits, making a total of six rooms in the anthropological halls. It is hoped to have
this completed early in the spring and the collection will then be labelled and arranged as a
permanent exhibit, as there is no more space available in the present building.
A temporary arrangement of these specimens was made in the spring of-1922, and the formal
opening of the exhibition halls to the public was inaugurated by a special meeting of the Natural
History Society of British Columbia, held in the Provincial Museum on May 29th, 1922, when an
illustrated lecture was given by the Director on the " Early Customs and Life of the Aboriginal
Races of this Province," which was well attended by the members of the society and their friends.
The lecture was given on the main floor, the mammals in cases and other specimens being moved
to one side so as to give as much space as possible for those who attended. The Department is
handicapped, as in the construction of the present building there is no room available for
scientific lectures of this kind for the general public, although offers to give lectures have been
received from different scientists who have visited the Department from time to time.
Mr. Harlan I. Smith, Anthropologist of the Dominion Government, Ottawa, also gave a
lecture in the Museum on September 14th, 1922, upon his return from his explorations in the
Bella Coola country, where he has been doing anthropological research-work for the last three
summers.   His lecture, "The Relationship of Museum Work to Education," was given on the O 8 British Columbia. 1923
main floor of the Museum, but the space provided was barely sufficient for the accommodation
of members of the Natural History Society and their friends, who displayed deep interest in the
lantern-slides illustrating the work carried on by the larger museums in Eastern Canada and
the United States. These slides Mr. Smith very kindly had his Department send from Ottawa
for the occasion.
Two other lectures were given for the Natural History Society, one on " Bird Life of the
Western Country," with illustrations, given by Miss Elizabeth Raeey, of Portland, Oregon, and
the other by Dr. Franz Boas, of Columbia University, New York, on " Indians of British
Columbia : their Customs, Folk-lore, and Habits." These lectures were held in the Girls' Central
School and were attended by large and appreciative gatherings.
At the request of the Honourable John Oliver, Prime Minister, the Museum was open during
the evening of September 21st, 1922, for the members of the Montreal Board of Trade, who were
accompanied on their trip across Canada by a number of British Parliamentarians. They were
conducted through the Department by the Honourable the Premier, and numbers of them
expressed their gratitude, and were agreeably surprised at the showing this Province has made
in the exhibit of natural-history specimens.
ANTHROPOLOGY.
In the early part of the year the Director took up with Mr. R, G. Cunningham, of Port
Essington, the advisability of his loaning to the Department his very valuable collection of
Indian stone carvings, which have been in his possession for many years. Mr. Cunningham
willingly consented to place on exhibition for an indefinite time the whole of this collection,
numbering approximately fifty-five specimens.
These carvings are exceptionally good pieces of work, above the average that is done by the
Haida Indians, who are the expert carvers of the North Pacific Coast, and exceed all other tribes
in their totem designs, both in workmanship and skill. Of these stone carvings, some were made
by the late Henry Edensaw, a chief of the Masset Tribe of the Haida Indians of the Queen
Charlotte Islands, who lived to be a very old man, dying a few years ago; others were carved
by a man named Abraham, a cripple, born of slave parents who were taken slaves by the Haidas
from another tribe many years ago.
The material these carvings are made of is a form of black slate which is rather soft when
first taken from the deposits found at Skidegate Inlet, Queen Charlotte Islands. After being
carved this material is polished with oil and takes a very brilliant finish.
This exhibition of totem-poles illustrates the stories and legends of the Haida Indians. The
exhibit is in a plate-glass case on the main floor, and may be seen by all visitors entering the
Department before visiting the anthropological halls in the basement.
In the early spring, when the anthropological collection was being transferred to the basement, three extra totem-poles were arranged in the main entrance. One is a large house-pole,
No. 2309, collected by Dr. C. F. Newcombe, 1913, .at Talio, South Bentinck Arm, B.C. It is of
cedar with a hollowed back, large doorway at bottom, painted yellow, blue, green, white, and
black. The lower figure has a short beak and there are two smaller birds three-quarters of the
way up the pole.    Size, 17 feet 3 inches by 4 feet 2 inches by 2 feet 6 inches.
Two other house-poles were also placed in the entrance hall; No. 2355, used in the interior
of the house, is of cedar, with the eagle carved on the top and the ancestor of the owner below.
Size, 14 feet 7 inches by 22 inches. No. 2356 is the companion to No. 2355. These two poles
stood inside a house, supporting the roof.    Collected at Comox, B.C., 1912, by C. F. N.
At the time these poles were placed in position, the Director thought it advisable to remove
the two oil paintings of Alert Bay Indian Village from the entrance hall to the hall where the
stair-case leads to the anthropological section. A large totem-pole which had been in storage
for a number of years was also erected near the stairway. This totem, No. 1863, is of cedar,
carved, and painted red, black, and grey. The top is the copper which the chief or owner is
holding up (holding up his tribe) ; then comes the chief's figure; then the raven (his crest),
and the man underneath is the enemy chief of the chief who is holding the copper. He is
treading on his enemy. Size of pole, 26 feet by 21 inches by 18 inches. Collected at Tsawadi
Village by C. F. N.
A number of other totem-poles, house-poles, and canoes, with several more Indian antiquities
too large for exhibition in the present halls, have still to remain in storage in another building > .
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indefinitely until space is provided by the erection of a new museum. This had been the intention
for some time, but owing to financial conditions the matter has been left in abeyance, but it is
to be hoped that the time will soon come when arrangements will be made for the erection
of a building large enough to house this valuable anthropological material.
While undergoing these changes this year the Museum w7as visited by a number of the
leading scientists and anthropologists of America who were in Victoria during the summer,
among whom were: Dr. Franz Boas, Anthropologist, Columbia University, New York, U.S.A.;
J. O. Bond, Curator, McMahon Museum, Quetta, Baluchistan, India; Professor J. K. Beattie,
Bureau of Plant Industry, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.; Lieut.-
Colonel G. T. Emmons, Princeton, N.J., U.S.A.; Dr. Goddard, American Museum of Natural
History, New York, U.S.A.; George Heye, Director, Museum of American Indian (Heye Foundation), New York, U.S.A.; M. Hall McAllister, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco,
Cal., U.S.A.; Dr. Leonhard Stejneger, Smithsonian Institution, U.S. National Museum, Washington. D.C., UjS.A. ; Harlan I. Smith, Archceologist, Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa, Can.;
Charles Piper Smith, Botanist, San Jose, Cal., U.S.A.
• All these gentlemen were greatly impressed by the move the Department was making in
displaying the anthropological material which had been secured many years ago, and were
surprised that we had been able to gather so much of valuable material in regard to the aboriginal races of this Province, material which is now in safe-keeping and will be preserved for the
education of the rising generation. It shows the stone age,- industry, home life, customs, etc.,
of the Indians of this North-west Coast.
Dr. Fsanz Boas, of Columbia University, U.S.A., while in the city had arranged to have
Mr. George Hunt, an Indian from the Fort Rupert Reservation, assist him on a revision of some
of his writings on the Kwakiutl Indians, and as our anthropological collection was being
arranged at the time, advantage was taken by the Department of Mr. Hunt's visit.
With the permission of the Deputy Provincial Secretary, the Department engaged Mr. Hunt
for several days to go over the Kwakiutl specimens, in order to have reliable data and information at first hand for the labels on the specimens when finally arranged. Mr. Hunt, having spent
all his life on a reserve with his own people, knows well their early customs. He also gave us
the Indian names of many of the plants that are used by the Indians for food and medicine.
Dr. C. F. Newcombe, who is noted as one of the leading anthropologists of the North-west
Coast, has offered to assist the Director to arrange the collection permanently during the coming
year. This will necessitate an immense amount of work, as all specimens will have to be
relabelled, and it is intended to give explanatory notes on their designs and uses by the natives,
only temporary labels being attached at the present time.
The Department has been very fortunate this year in receiving collections of Indian relics
as gifts. Mr. Victor B. Harrison, of iVanaimo, B.C., presented a collection which comprises the
following:—
Salishan (Coast).
No. 3177. Stone pestle. No. 3187. Copper bracelet, found on skeleton
„    3178. Stone pestle. of a woman.
„    3179. Stone pestle. „    3188. Bone handle for stone knife.
Salishan (Lillooet).
No. 3183. Stone paint-dish of turtle design.
Salishan (Thompson).
No. 31S4. Stone Indian pipe. No. 3189-4006. Stone arrow-heads.
„   3185. Bone needle. „   4007-4020. Stone spear-heads.
„   3186. Stone needle. „   4021^025. Fragments of arrow-heads.
Salishan (Shusivap).
No. 3180. Jade chisel. No. 4026. Whetstone.
„    3181. Jade chisel. „    4027. Rubbing-stone.
„   3182. Jade chisel.
In this collection, No. 3183, which is a soapstone dish, is of special interest, being a very
fine piece of work. .
O 10 British Columbia. 1923
Miss Alice Turner, Victoria, B.C., presented the Department with some very beautiful work
done by the Blackfeet Indians, consisting of:—
No. 3168. Chief's coat, deer-skin.
„   3169. Pair of chaps, deer-skin, beaded design.
„   3170. Large leather belt, buffalo-hide.
„   3171. Pair of leather leggings, beaded design.
„   3172. Pair of leather leggings, beaded design. f
„   3173. Leather belt, beaded design.
„    3174. Leather belt, beaded design.
„    3175. Pair of leather moccasins, beaded design.
„   3176. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone and stem of alder.
„   4028. Pair of leather moccasins, beaded design.
„   4029. Pair of leather moccasins, beaded design.
„    4030. Pair of wristlets, beaded design.
„    4031. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone and stem of wood, with beads.
„    4032. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone and stem of wood. •
,-,    4033. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone and stem of wood.
„    4034. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone with a hand on it.    Stem of three-cornered wood with
two red knobs.
„   4035. Peace-pipe, bowl of stone and stem of wood.
„    4036. Bowl of peace-pipe.
„    4037. Bowl of peace-pipe. .
„   403S. Bowl of peace-pipe, carved.
„    4039. Bowl of peace-pipe, stone, carved in the shape of an animal.
Mr. Harlan I. Smith, Archaeologist, Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa, very kindly sent
to the Museum eight casts of prehistoric petroglyphs, or pictures on rocks near Bella Coola, B.C.,
with the following note:—
Casts of Prehistoric Petroglyphs, or Pictures on Rocks, near Bella Coola, B.C.
There are many of these pictures on top of the western edge of the canyon of the creek
that empties into Bella Coola River some 3 miles above its mouth. They are at the top of the
rise in the creek-valley immediately above the Bella Coola bottom lands, or about a mile from
the river. The canyon is here about 70 feet deep. The pictures are on felsite rock, which is
hard when freshly, broken, but is decomposing into clay and is very soft where weathered.
One petroglyph near by is on a granitic rock. Most of them were made by pecking, a very
few by incising.
They must be ancient, as the moss with which they* were overgrown in places reached a
thickness of about a foot and some were covered by the roots of trees. Besides, only a few
Indians knew of their existence and they only of the large southern group. They had never
seen or heard of the several other exposures from which the casts here shown were made.
They say that a family had " power " under a large rock near by. They pecked out the pictures
in time to songs which were sung in connection with this " power." Not even the oldest Indians
know what any of the pictures represent. This family had a ceremonial house immediately south
of the largest exposure, and the hunting-trail up the valley passed over part of the petroglyphs
and through the house.
Exploration and moulding Cat. Nos. XII-B-1492c (1), XII-B-1408c (7), XII-B-1497c
by Harlan I. Smith, 1921. (6),   XII-B-1493c   (2),   XII-B-1495c   (4),  XII-B-1496c
Casting by Edward Perron. (5), XII-B-1494c  (3), XII-B-1499c   (S).
Coloring by Claude E. Johnson.
ACCESSIONS.
Long-eared Owl (Asio tvilsonianus). Presented by Mr. W. Long, Victoria, B.C., January
24th, 1922.
American Coot (Fulica americana). Presented by Dr. White, Elk Lake, B;C, February
2nd, 1922.
American Crossbill (Loxia curviostra minor). Presented by Mr. Dennis Ashby, Duncan,
B.C., February 6th, 1922. RACCOON.    PROCYON    LOTOR   (LINN.)
Group   in   Provincial   Museum,   Victoria,   B.   C.  13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 11
Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis). Presented by Mr. W. Long, Victoria, B.C., February
26th, 1922.
Cooper's Hawk (Accipter cooperi). Presented by Mr. W. Long, Victoria, B.C., February
13th, 1922.
Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator). Presented by Mr. E. V. Blatstone, Victoria,
B.C., March 4th, 1922.
Western Robin (albino) (Morula migratoria propinqua). Presented by Mr. Dennis Ashby,
Duncan, B.C., April 1st, 1922.
Avocet (Recurvirostra americana). Presented by Mr. A. Brooks, Okanagan, B.C., April
22nd, 1922.
Blue-winged Teal (Querquedula discors). Presented by Mr. A. Brooks, Okanagan, B.C.,
April 22nd, 1922.
Western Robin (albino) (Merula migratoria propinqua). Presented by Mr. Dave Ferrier,
Alberni, B.C., August 21st, 1922.
Clarke's Nutcracker (Nucifraga columbiana). Presented by Mrs. H. Rawlins, Errington,
B.C., September 2nd, 1922.
Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca iliaca). Presented by Mr. E. G. Kermode, Victoria, B.C.,
September Sth, 1922.
White Pelican (Peleeanus erythrorhynchos). Presented by Mr. J. Bessonette, Victoria, B.C.,
October 10th, 1922.
Western Robin (Planesticus migratoria propinqua). Presented by Dr. Knight, Victoria,
B.C., October 10th, 1922.
Mourning Dove (Zenaidura macroura). Presented by Mrs. H. Rawlins, Errington, B.C.,
October 9th, 1922.
Nest and two eggs of Canada Jay (Perisoreus canadensis canadensis). Presented by Mr. V.
Scbjelderup, Burns Lake, B.C., May 4th, 1922.
Four eggs of Chinese Starling (Acridothcras cristatellus). Presented by Mr. R. A. Cumming,
Vancouver, B.C., November, 1922.
Four eggs of Tule Wren (Telmatodytes palustris paludicola). Presented by Mr. R. A.
Cumming, Vancouver, B.C., November, 1922.
Ratfish (Hydrolagus colliei). Presented by Mr. A. W. Stevenson, Victoria, B.C., September
25th, 1922.
Rock-boring Clam found on coal at Race Rocks, B.C. Presented by Captain W. E. Gardner,
October, 1922.
Hair-worm (Phreoryctcs manheanus) found at Salmon Arm, B.C., October, 1921. Presented
by Dr. E. Buckell, January, 1922.
Fossil found at Lost Creek, B.C., and presented by Mr. A. Jenkins, September 1st, 1922.
Beetle, Giant Wood-borer (Prionus califomicus). Presented by Mr. A. J. Marsh, Duncan,
B.C., February 2nd, 1922.
Two Beetles (Creocephalus obsoletusf). Presented by Mr. H. R. Eldridge, Victoria, B.C.,
August, 1922.
Two specimens of Geometridss (Hydriomena nubilofasciata) captured at Sluggett, B.C., and
presented by Mr. W. Downes, March 2nd, 1922.
Moth (Sphinx vancouverensis). Presented by Miss Doreen Dodd, Telegraph Creek, B.C.,
July 13th, 1922.
Arrow-head found at Deer Park, Arrow Lake, B.C., 1909. Presented by Dr. Angus W.
Kenning, Victoria, B.C., May 12th, 1922.
Stone pestle.    Presented by Major Hodgins, Duncan, B.C., June Sth, 1922.
Stone paint-dish found in 1916 at Parson's Bridge, B.C. Presented by Mr. and Mrs. J. R.
Hodgson, June 27th, 1922.
Collection of Indian curios.    Presented by Miss Alice Turner, Victoria, B.C., November, 1922.
Collection of Indian curios.   Presented by Mr. V. B. Harrison, Nanaimo, B.C., December, 1922.
Eight casts of prehistoric Petroglyphs near Bella Coola, B.C. Presented by Harlan I. Smith,
Archaeologist, Ottawa, December, 1922.
Vertebra of a Bison found July, 1922, at McCullock Station, B.C., in blue clay about 10 feet
from the surface, while building a dam at an elevation of 4,000 feet. Presented by Mr. C. C.
Fuller, Victoria, B.C. . -
O 12 British Columbia.
Fragment of a Bison-horn collected by Dr. C. F. Newcombe in March, 1914, at the corner
of Bay and Cook Streets, Victoria, B.C., where excavations were being carried on. Presented
December, 1922. .
Publications op other Institutions.
(Alphabetically arranged.)
American Museum of Natural History, New York  3
Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois  5
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii  9
Boston Society of Natural History, Boston, Mass  1
Bristol Museum. and Art Gallery, Bristol, England   1
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Brooklyn, N.Y  1
Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I  4
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, Cal  15
California University, Berkeley, Cal  17
Cardiff Museum, Cardiff, Wales   1
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa  1
Charleston Museum, Charleston, S.C  1
Children's Museum of Boston, Boston, Mass  2
Cincinnati Museum Association, Cincinnati, Ohio   1
City Art Museum, St. Louis, Mo. .-.  2
Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, Col  1
Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y T,  23
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Mich  4
Dominion Government Publications, Ottawa    42
Erie Public Library, Erie, Pa  1
Field Museum, Chicago, 111  9
Grand Rapids Public Library, Mich  2
Gray Herbarium, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass .'.. 2
Illinois State Natural History Survey, Urbana, 111  5
Institute General y Tecnico de Valencia, Valencia, Spain  4
John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111  1
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C  1
Manchester Museum, Manchester, England   1
Manitoba University, Winnipeg, Man  1
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minn  7
Minnesota University, Minn  4
Museum of the American Indian  (Heye Foundation), New York  6
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass  2
National Museum, Philadelphia, Pa  1
National Museum, Melbourne, Australia  1
Newark Museum Association, Newark, N.J  2
Nebraska University, Lincoln, Neb  3
New South Wales Department of Agriculture, Australia  7
New York Botanical Garden, N.Y  1
New York State College of Forestry, Syracuse, N.Y  4
New York State Museum, Albany, N.Y  2
Ohio Agricultural Experimental Station, Wooster, Ohio    3
Oklahoma University, Norman, Okla  1
Peabody Museum, Salem, Mass  1
Peabody Museum, Yale University, New Haven, Conn  15
Pennsylvania Museum and University  6
Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wis  1
Roger Williams Park Museum, Providence, R.I  4
Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, Scotland  1
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C  31
Carried forward   264 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 13
Publications op other Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward  264
Statem Island Institute, New Brighton, N.Y  10
Syracuse Museum of Fine Arts, Syracuse, N.Y  2
United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C  12
University of Montreal, Montreal, Que  1
University of Washington, Seattle, Wash  2
Zoological Society, New York, N.Y  9
Zoological Society, Philadelphia, Pa  2
302
BOTANY.     v
By W. R. Carter.
The past season cannot be looked upon as ideal from a collector's point of view, owing to
the very long, dry spell which extended over a great portion of this Province, many areas
becoming dried up early in the summer; this, coming after a late and bleak spring, had a
marked effect on vegetation.
In some localities it was so dry many plants withered in bloom without going to seed, and
noticeable instances of this were observed in the exposed portions of the Malahat, on Vancouver
Island.
After heavy rains the latter part of August and beginning of September, warm weather
with much sunshine continued late on in the fall, plant-growth took on a new lease of life, and
many flowers were noticed in bloom long past their usual period.
With the exception of collections made by Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector of Indian
Orchards, and Mr. G. V. Copley, of the Provincial Grazing Commission, very little material has
been added to the Herbarium of the Provincial Museum from other sources. However, from the
enterprise of these two gentlemen a considerable amount of very desirable material has been
added to the collection, including several new records for this Province and a number of
specimens not hitherto in the collection.
Mr. W. B. Anderson in his official capacity covered a very large area of the Province, and
presented us with many specimens representing the flora of the Windermere District, Fort Steele,
Mount McLean, Mount Cheam, Penticton, Keremeos, and adjacent localities in the south.
Mr. G. V. Copley's specimens were principally collected from the country surrounding
Merritt, Kamloops, and a portion of the Chilcotin District; also a nice collection from the
southern portion of Vancouver Island. His specimens include a few plants from the higher
altitudes of the districts in which he collected, and some very desirable material from what may
be called the alkaline marshes of the Interior.
Mr. R. Glendenning, Junior Entomologist, Dominion Experimental Farm, Agassiz, B.C.,
presented us with specimens of Allium attenuifolium Kellog, which he collected at Maple Bay,
V.I., and listed in his 1918 " Check-list of the Flowering Plants and Ferns growing in the
Cowichan District, V.I." These specimens were submitted to Professor C. V. Piper, of Washington, D.C, and Mr. Glendenning's determination has been verified.
Specimens from Alberni, V.I., referred to as Allium Geyeri Wats., have also been identified
as A. attenuifolium ; there appears now to be some doubt as to whether A. Geyeri occurs on
Vancouver Island, although specimens from Sidney, V.I., collected by the late Professor Macoun
are so named. It is to be hoped more material from this locality may be collected in the near
future, in order that any existing doubt may be removed.
Dr. C. F. Newcombe, of Victoria, donated several specimens which he collected at Bella
Coola, Skeena River, and Vancouver Island, several of which extend their range of distribution
as previously recorded in this Department.
Professor George B. Rigg, of the University of Washington, reports collecting Rubus
Chammmorus Linn, near Duncan, V.I., in the Cowichan District, its former station being near
Comox Lake, Macoun; this reeord extends the distribution of the species much to the south
on Vancouver Island.
One of the most interesting plants collected during the past season is Myrica californica
Cham, near Tofino, on the west coast of Vancouver Island.    Through the offices of Mr. George 	
i.   '
O 14
British Columbia.
1923
Fraser, of Ucluelet, V.I., Captain J .W. Thompson sent us large fruiting specimens of this shrublike tree, which was originally discovered on his property about 4i miles from Tofino by Mrs.
'     T. B. McBey, of Cameron Lake, September 4th, 1920.
Captain Thompson reports having a straight, almost unbroken hedge of it nearly 200 feet
in length, and, apart from this, has only been able to locate two isolated specimens outside and
in the immediate vicinity of his property.
As no former record can be found of this species having been collected in British Columbia,
this is the first authentic Canadian record, and has recently been recorded by Dr. C. F. New-
eombe as such in the " Canadian Field Naturalist," Vol. XXXVI., No. 6, September, 1922.
During the year we have been honoured by a number of visitors seeking information on our
native flora, and it is gratifying to report the Herbarium has been used as a source of reference
by several specialists and students from the United States Department of Agriculture, and other
institutions, in their particular research of different genera.
A number of duplicate specimens have also been distributed as follows: To-Mr. C. P. Smith,
of Los Angeles, California, who is monographing the Lupines of the Pacific States; Miss Helen
Bergfried, Associate in Botany, University of California, studying the genus Crepis; a set of
Rubus has been sent to Mr. C. E. Gustafsson, Tralleborg, Sweden, who is working on this genus;
and a few specimens of Carices have been sent to Professor J. K. Henry, late of the University
of British Columbia, who is continuing his research in this order.
The greater portion of the specimens received this year, not previously represented in the
Herbarium, have been mounted and placed in the collection; others will be mounted showing
range of distribution; and a few difficult species are as yet undetermined.
Throughout the season we have, as usual, been pleased to identify a large number of plants
for school-children, teachers, and other collectors; there is still room for a great deal of
improvement in the condition in which many of these plants are submitted for examination.
The thanks of this Department are cordially extended to the following gentlemen: Professor
C. V. Piper, of Washington, D.C., for his kindness in determining a number of species, which has
been of great assistance to this Department. Mr. C. P. Smith, of Los Angeles, California, who
examined our collection of Lupines while here on a visit during the summer. Dr. C. F. New-
combe, Mr. W. B. Anderson, Mr. T. P. MacKenzie, Mr. G. V. Copley, Mr. R. Glendenning, and
Mr. P. de Noe Walker, for the keen interest they have taken and for the material they have
donated.
Among the most interesting plants collected by Mr. W. B. Anderson are the following:—
Juncus acuminatus Michx.
Juncus tenuis Willd.
Cypripedium passerinum Rich.
Salix cascadensis Cockerell.
Corispermum> hyssopifolium L.
Clematis columbiana Hornem.
Mitella nuda L.  (in part).
Potentilla flabellifolia Hook.
Astragalus debilis (Nutt.) A. Gray.
Astragalus (glareosus Hook.?).
Hedysarum Mackenzii Rich.
Oxytropis deflexus (Pall.) DC.
Epilobium lutcum Pursh.
Hippuris montana Ledeb.
Sanicula marilandica L.
Gentiana propinqua Rich.
Cynoglossum officinale L.
Mertensia subcordata Greene.
Mr. G. V. Copley's contributions include :-
Triglochin palustris L.
Cynosurus echinatus L.
Carex disperma Dewey.
Eriophorum Chamissonis Mey.
Thelypodium laciniatum Endl.
Myosotis alpestris Schmidt.
Verbena bracteosa Michx.
Pentstemon attenuatus Dougl.
Pentstemon erianthera Pursh.
Pentstemon pruinosus Dougl.
Lonicera glaucescens Rydb.
Arnica arcana A. Nels.
Artemisia longepedunculata Rud.
Aster campestris Nutt.
Aster Geyeri (Gray) Howell.
Aster meritus A. Nels.
Bidens dentata (Nutt.) Wiegand.
Erigeron elatus (Hook.) Greene.
Enthamia occidentalis Nutt.
Helianthus NultallU T. & G.
Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC.
Petasites frigida (L.) Fries.
Senecio Howelln Greene.
Cryptanthe Torreyana Greene.
Verbena hastata L.
Pentstemon Richardsonii Dougl.
Lonicera utahensis Wat.
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Cleome serrulata Pursh. Senecio Burkei Greenman.    .
Boisduvalia stricta (A. Gray) Greene. Stephanomeria minor Nutt.
Angelica Lyallii Wats.
The following plants were returned to the Provincial Grazing Commission, Department of
Lands:—
Calamagrostis inewpansa Gray. Carex prcegracilis W. Boott.
Elymus Macounii Casey. Bassia hyssopifolium. (Pall.) O. Kuntze.
Fluminea fcstucacea (Willd.) Hitchc. Orthoearpus (? purpurascens Benth.)
Plants presented by Dr. C. F. Newcom.be, collected by him at Bella Coola, B.C., and other
stations:—
Bella Coola.
Phegopteris polypodioides Fee. Potentilla monspelicnsis L.
Stellaria crispa C. & S. Rubus strigosus Michx.
Arabis ambigua DC. Glaux maritvma L.
Lupinus littoralis Dougl. Channel Islands off Oak Bay, Victoria, V.I., extending its distribution south;  previous station for Vancouver Island being Comox;   Macoun.
Sanicula marilandica L. Collected at Kitwanga, Skeena River, B.C., establishing a northern
distribution for the occurrence of the plant in British Columbia.
As this Department has no previous record of the following plants having been collected in
British Columbia, they are printed as additions to the Flora of this Province:—
Myrica califomica Cham.   Tofino, V.I.     1922.    Collected by Captain J. W. Thompson.
Bassia hyssopifolium (Pall.) O. Kuntze. Kamloops, B.C., September 19th, 1920. Collected
by G. V. Copley.
Boisduvalia stricta (A. Gray) Greene. Near Douglas Lake, B.C., August 19th, 1921.
Collected by G. V. Copley.
Pentstemon attenuatus Dougl. Fort Steele, B.C., June 23rd, 1922. Collected by W. B.
Anderson.
Mertensia subcordata Greene. Takla Lake, B.C., September 25th, 1921. Collected by W. B.
Anderson.
Arnica arcana A. Nels.    Fort George, B.C., August 14th, 1917.   Collected by W. B. Anderson.
Senecio Howellii Greene.    Windermere, B.C., June 16th, 1922.    Collected by W. B. Anderson.
The following plants are supplementary additions to " The Flora of Vancouver and Queen
Charlotte Islands, 1921 " (introduced plants being printed in italics in conformity with the
printing of the Check-list) :—
Equisetum pratense Ehrh.    Mountains, V.I.  (Macoun's "Catalogue of Plants.")
Lycopodium sabinnsfolium Willd.    Mount Arrowsmith, V.I.
Agrostis pallens foliosa  (Trin.) Vasey.    Vancouver Island, Macoun.
Polypogon Monspeliensis (L.) Desf.    Victoria, V.I., Fletcher, Macoun.
Carex stipata Muhl. A common sedge along moist ditches, southern half of Vancouver
Island.
Eriophorum Chamissonis albidum (Nyl.) Fernald. Vancouver Island. (Piper & Beattie's'
" Flora of the North-west Coast")
Lazula Piperi Coville.    Mount Arrowsmith, V.I.;  previously listed as L. glabrata.
Allium attenuifolium Kellog. Maple Bay, Vancouver Island; (R. Glendenning) Alberni,
Vancouver Island.
Myrica californica Cham.   Near Tofino, west coast, Vancouver Island.
Papaver Rhoeas L.    Vancouver Island, according to Britton & Brown.
Rhaphanus Rhaphanistrum L.    Nanaimo, Vancouver Island, Macoun.
Mitella trifida Graham.    Mount Arrowsmith, Vancouver Island.
Euphorbia Lathyrus L.   Victoria.    (Henry's "Flora of Southern B.C.")
Hydrocotyle umbellata L.    Nanaimo, Vancouver Island, Macoun.
Datura Stramonium L. Saltspring Island (P. de Noe Walker), where it is becoming established in a wild state on old disused ground.
Hemizonella Durandi Gray. Vancouver Island. (Piper & Beattie's " Flora of the Northwest Coast.")
Madia sativa capitata (Nutt.) Piper. Vancouver Island. (Piper & Beattie's "Flora of the
North-west Coast.") O 16
British Columbia.
1923
ORNITHOLOGY.
Notes on the Occurrence op the Plumed Egret  (Mesophoyx intermedia)  in British
Columbia, by Francis Kermode.
In the year 1915 Mr. J. H. Fleming, of Toronto, visited the Museum and drew my attention
to the snowy heron which we had labelled as Egretta candidissima, which had been secured by
the late John Fannin at Burrard Inlet some years ago. Mr. Fleming kindly sent me in January,
1916, a skin of Mesophoyx intermedia, the Asiatic white heron, to compare with the one in this
Department, as he was puzzled with regard to the exact species of our specimen.
Up to this time our specimen of this bird had always been acknowledged and looked upon
as the American form Egretta candidissima, and, not having sufficient material for comparison,
the matter had been left in abeyance for some time. However, in September, 1922, Mr. P. A.
Taverner, the Dominion Government Ornithologist, visited the Museum and wished to see the
specimen of snowy heron which had for so many years been rceognized as Egretta candidissima.
He took descriptions, measurements, and made drawings of the same to compare with the
specimens in the Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa. Mr. Fleming had loaned me a skin of
Mesophoyx intermedia, and in comparing with our bird they seemed identical. On October 17th,
1922, Mr. Taverner wrote me from Ottawa, as follows:—
" Regarding the Egret: Whatever this bird is, it is not one of our American species. As
far as I can see, it is identical with Fleming's specimen, but I am not-Well enough up on Asiatic
species to identify it as such with confidence. It should be sent somewhere where they have
an ample foreign collection, and probably the United States National Museum would be the best
place. Have compared the drawings and measurements I made in Victoria and am only convinced
that we have nothing like it in our collection. The only question remains is just what it is and
whether the data attached can be absolutely depended upon. Do you think it can? I understand that Mr. Fannin was not at his best during his later years and that errors may have crept
in.—P. A. Taverner."
Mr. Allan Brooks also had correspondence with me in regard to this bird during the
year 1922, and so as to have the identification of the specimen settled, I sent it on to the
Biological Survey Department at Washington, D.C, asking Mr. W. C. Henderson, Acting-Chief,
to have Dr. C. H. Oberholser examine the specimen and compare it with specimens in the
National Museum. The reply which I received from Mr. Henderson, Acting-Chief, Bureau of
Biological Survey, is as follows (dated January 16th, 1923) :—
" The three specimens that you sent some time ago for examination by Dr. Oberholser have
been duly identified, and are being returned to you by express collect. The names you will find
on the labels of the specimens.. The heron turns out to be Mesophoyx intermedia in full breeding
plumage. If the data on this bird are authentic and there is no reasonable doubt of its being
the specimen originally taken on Burrard Inlet, it would prove to be an interesting addition
to North American birds. We should be glad to have your opinion regarding this, as it is a
matter of considerable interest in our work on the distribution of North American birds.—•
W. 0. Henderson."
In regard to the dispute which seems to have arisen with reference to this bird being the
specimen secured by the late John Fannin at Burrard Inlet, May 29th, 1879, I have looked up
all records that I can find and have found a list in his own hand-writing by John Fannin of
" Birds collected prior to 1886." In this list he records the little white heron, May 29th, 1S79,
Burrard Inlet. I have known this bird since September 25th, 1890, as it was in a case in the
Museum when I first entered the Provincial Government service in this Department; and,
furthermore, I have since looked up photographs taken by Mr. Albert H. Maynard, of this city,
in the years 1890-91, and this specimen appears in the case. It has been suggested that probably
the late Mr. Fannin had taken and duplicated the record of this bird with a skin purchased
from a commission agent in this city years ago. This idea has been proved incorrect, as this
bird had been recorded in the late John Fannin's " Check-lists of B.C. Birds," also in Montague
Brown's " List of the Birds of Canada in 1887." In speaking to me about this bird years ago,
Mr. Fannin always informed me that it had been shot at Burrard Inlet by an Indian. I have
also endeavoured to get in touch with people who knew Mr. Fannin at Burrard Inlet since 1862,
when he first arrived in British Columbia. Besides getting the information in the " Checklists of the Birds prior to 1886," and the fact that Mr. A. H. Maynard told me he remembered 13 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 17
this bird when he worked in the Department prior to my joining the service, I did not obtain
any more information concerning it for some time.
However, on January 24th, 192£, Captain Oliver G. Harbell, an old personal friend of the
late John Fannin, happened to call at my office, and knowing that he knew Mr. Fannin for many
years, I asked him when they first became acquainted. Captain Harbell said that he arrived in
Victoria on October 13th, 1875, from St. John, N.B., and after being here a few days he went over
to Burrard Inlet and was living at Moodyville (opposite where the City of Vancouver is to-day),
and about this time he made the acquaintance of Mr. Fannin. After a few more questions I asked
him about the collection of birds Mr. Fannin had, and if he remembered what white birds were
in the collection. He informed me that the only white bird he could remember was a white
heron that had been killed by an Indian on the shores of Burrard Inlet in the latter part of
May, 1879. He secured this bird from the Indian, and knowing that Mr. Fannin was desirous
of obtaining all the specimens possible, he carried it over to Granville, on the southern side
of Burrard Inlet (now the City of Vancouver), to Mr. Fannin, who mounted it and added it to
his private collection.
The following is a copy of a letter that Captain Oliver G. Harbell has written me under his
own signature, and I think this should settle, once and for all, any doubts concerning the
occurrence of the plumed egret (Mesophoyx intermedia) as an accidental visitant in British
Columbia, and not only is it an addition to the " List of British Columbia Birds," but also a
record of an addition to the " Birds of North America " :—
"Victoria, B.C., January 24th, 1923.
" F. Kermode, Esq.,
Director, Provincial Museum, Victoria, B.C.
" I, Oliver G. Harbell, of Victoria City, do hereby declare I am the person who secured the
specimen of white heron (Mesophoyx intermedia) from an Indian at Burrard Inlet in the latter
part of May, 1879'. At the time I was living at Moodyville. The bird was freshly killed and
I took it across the inlet to Granville and gave it to John Ifannin, who skinned and mounted
the specimen for his own private collection. This was prior to his becoming Curator of the
Provincial Museum at Victoria, B.C.
"The late Mr. John Fannin, after being appointed Curator of the Provincial Museum at
Victoria for the Provincial Government, moved all his private collection to Victoria, to form
the nucleus of the Museum. The specimen in the Museum to-day is the same one that I gave the
late John Fannin.
"(Signed)   Oliver G. Harbell."
Notes on the Iceland Gull (Larus (leucopterus?) ).
In the Annual Report for the year 1920 note was made of the capture of two specimens of
the white-winged gull at Kildonan, on Barkley Sound, by William McKay. As some exceptions
have been taken to the classification of these gulls, Mr. P. A. Taverner while here in September,
1922, examined these two specimens and made sketches for comparison with the birds in the
Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa. Mr. Taverner wrote me from Ottawa on October 17th,
1922, as follows :—
" Your specimens are practically identical with two specimens we have from the Arctic
Coast of Alaska that Dwight examined and pronounced leucopterus. However, he admits that
his only distinction between leucopterus and hyperboreus is size, and these birds just come within
the limits as laid down by him. He is assuming, therefore, that hyperboreus never gets smaller
than his determined minimum and that anything smaller must of necessity be leucopterus. To
admit anything else would make his position on the form L. h. barrovianus, on which he has
stated himself very strongly, untenable.
" From my experience I do not think that ornithologists generally realize how great the size
variation is in these large gulls. In the glaucous-winged especially the extremes are comparatively enormous, and considerably more than would account for the linking of these small and
large hyperboreus. I see no reason for separating specifically these small white-winged gulls
from the larger hyperboreus.—P. A. Taverner."
I sent these two birds to Mr. W. C Henderson, Acting-Chief, Biological Survey, Washington,
D.C, asking that Dr. C H. Oberholser be given them for determination, who returned them
labelled as barrovianus.
2 0 18
British Columbia.
1923
Upon looking up records, I find barrovianus is not now accepted by the A.O.U. and is not
in their Check-list of 1910. Mr. Robert Ridgway, in his latest book on " Birds of North and
Middle America," records the bird he describes as L. barrovianus in " The Auk," July, 1886, as
a synonym of L. hyperboreus. He also lists the bird taken by Allan Brooks at Comox under
L. hyperboreus, and has dropped barrovianus.
According to A. C Bent, in the " Life Histories of North American Gulls and Terns," page
60: "Many years ago Mr. Ridgway (1886) described the glaucous gulls of the coasts of Alaska
and adjacent waters as a new species under the name Larus barrovianus, the size and shape of
the bill being the chief distinguishing character. Twenty years later Doctor Dwight (1906)
argued that this species was untenable, and it was removed from the Check-list. Recently,
however, Dr. H. C Oberholser (1918) has resurrected barrovianus, as a subspecies of hyperboreus,
on the claim that the Alaska bird is smaller and has a darker mantle than the birds from Greenland or from Europe. Whether this claim is well founded or not, it is apparently a fact that
the characters he ascribes to the Alaska bird hold true in a large majority of the specimens,
though there are some exceptions to the rule. Doctor Dwight, however, still maintains that the
proposed race is unworthy of recognition in nomenclature."
Until some of these disputes are cleared up, as far as I can see this Department will have
to recognize these birds as the Iceland gull (Larus leucopterus), as they do not come within the
size of hyperboreas, and I cannot place them elsewhere.
Notes on the Occurrence op the White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos).
Pelicans are not very commonly found in British Columbia, although two species occur.
A fine specimen of the white pelican (Peleeanus erythrorhynchos) was secured by Mr. Jack
Bessonette at Macaulay Point, Rod Hill, Victoria, and presented to the Museum on October 10th,
1922.
A number of these white pelicans have been taken at different times in the Interior of the
Province, but not many on the Coast, although we have had a specimen from Comox. The
farthest northern record I have on the Coast is the specimen in the Museum taken at Port
Essington, on the Skeena River.
Notes on the Occurrence op the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus californicus).
Several California brown pelicans (Peleeanus californicus) have been taken in this Province;
two specimens in the vicinity of Victoria," one near -Race Rocks, the other in Esquimalt Harbour,
and both these specimens are now in the Provincial Museum. The farthest northern record of
this bird in British Columbia was recorded at Burrard Inlet by the late John Fannin.
ENTOMOLOGY.
4
By E. H. Blackmore, F.E.S.
The past season has been the most remarkahle one from a weather standpoint that we have
had for over thirty years. With the exception of a few showery days, we practically had no
rain from April to August, the actual precipitation for the five months being 1.94 inches, most
of this being in the beginning of April and the end of August.
The sunshine for the year showed 134 hours above the average annual amount. During the
five months, April to August, there were 1,425 hours of sunshine, giving an average of 9% hours
daily. The above figures are for Victoria and vicinity only, although similar conditions prevailed
throughout the Province, varying according to the locality.
It is hard to determine exactly what effect this abnormally dry weather had on insect-life
in general, but the one fact which stood out most clearly was the remarkable scarcity of noctuid
moths throughout the whole season. Reports from many points in Southern British Columbia
showed the same state of affairs. In the early spring insects of all kinds' were very scarce, but
as the season wore on geometers and micros were more plentiful, although many species which
are usually common were apparently scarce.
A much greater interest has been shown in entomology during the past two years, especially
among the younger collectors, and the Museum collections are in frequent demand for the purposes
of identification. 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 19
Acknowledgments.
We wish to thank the following specialists for their kindness in determining material
submitted to them during the past season: Dr. W. Barnes, Foster H. Benjamin, August Busck,
Carl Heinrich, Dr. J. McDunnough, W. Schaus, and L. W. Swett.
British Columbia Insects new to Science.
The following forty-six insects from British Columbia have been described as new to science
since last year's Museum Report was written. They include fifteen species of Lepidoptera, four
species of Coleoptera, three species of Hymenoptera, twenty-three species of Diptera, and one
species of Hemiptera.
Lepidoptera.
The fifteen species of Lepidoptera are distributed amongst the various families as follows:
Noctuidce, 2; Notodontida% 1; Geometridae, 6; CEcophoridse, 1; Eucosmidse, 1; Tortricidae, 1;
Glyphipterygidae, 1;  Yponomeutidse, 1;   and Cygnodoidea, 1.
Noctuklm (Cuculliinas).
Oncocnemis youngi McDunnough. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 236, Oct., 1922) from
a single female specimen taken by Mr. C H. Young at the Biological Station, Departure Bay, B.C.
Oncocnemis Columbia McDunnough. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 237, Oct., 1922)
from a single male specimen "taken by Dr. W. R. Buckell at Salmon Arm, B.C.
Notodontidce.
Cerura occidentalis gigans McDunnough. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 139, June,
1922) from specimens taken at Pine Creek, near Calgary, Alta., by the late F. H. Wolley Dcd.
A single specimen from Kaslo, B.C., is also apparently included in the paratypes. I have two
specimens from Rossland, B.C., and one from Trail, B.C., taken by the late W. H. Danby, which
agree perfectly with Dr. McDunnough's description of gigans. They were labelled in my collection as occidental-is Lint. I have two others also from Rossland which I cannot separate from
Victoria specimens of scolopendrina Bdv.
Geometridce.
Eupithecia stikineata Cassino & Swett.    Described (The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3, Nos. 6-7, page
146, Feb., 1922) from two. males and two females taken by Mr. Theodore Bryant at Stikine River,
B.C., in June, 1905. This species belongs to the vancouverata-grccfl group, but is quite distinct
from the former. It differs from vancouverata in the more pointed wings, in its lighter coloration, and in the general arrangement of the transverse lines;  grcefi I do not know.
Eupithecia cenataria Cassino & Swett.    Described (The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3, Nos. 6-7, page
147, Feb., 1922) from a series of rather worn specimens taken by the writer at Goldstream,
B.C., on September 5th-7th, 1920.
Eupithecia scabrogata form gilvipennata Cassino & Swett. Described (The Lepidopterist,
Vol. 3, Nos. 6-7, page 147, February, 1922) from a single male specimen taken by Mr. Theodore
Bryant at Wellington, B.C., on May 9th, 1902.
Xanthorhoe incursata race harveyata Cassino & Swett. Described (.The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3,
No. 8, page 157, March, 1922) from specimens taken by the late Captain R. V. Harvey at Vancouver in July, 1904.
Xanthorhoe aquilonaria Cassino & Swett. Described (The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3, No. 8,
page 15S, March, 1922) from specimens taken by E. M. Anderson at Atlin, B.C., in June, 1914.
Xanthorhoe ramaria race delectaria Cassino & Swett. Described (The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3,
No. 9, page 159, April, 1922) from specimens taken at Atlin, B.C., by E. M. Anderson in June,
1914. Further notes on these new species of Geometridse will be found under the heading of
" Illustrated Lepidoptera " and figures of the same are illustrated on Plate VI.
Olcophoridw.
Agonopteryx blackmori Busck. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 277, Dec, 1921) from
specimens bred by the writer at Victoria in June, 1918. A figure of one of the co-types will be
found on Plate VI., and further remarks on the species under " Illustrated Lepidoptera." British Columbia.
1923
Eucosmidm.
Argyroploce buckellana McDunnough. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 43, Feb., 1922)
from a single male specimen taken by Dr. W. R. Buckell at Salmon Arm on May 28th. This
species belongs to the capreana-nimbatana group of this genus.
Tortricidw.
Cacoscia victoriana Busck.    Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 278, Dec. 1921) from three
specimens taken by the writer at Victoria and Goldstream, B.C.    A note on this species will be
found under " Illustrated Lepidoptera," together with a figure of the species on Plate VI.
Glyphipterygidw.
Hilarographa youngiella Busck. Described (Can. Ent., Vol., 53, page 278, Dec, 1921) from
two specimens, one taken by Mr. C H. Young at Departure Bay, B.C., and the other by Mr. W.
Downes at Victoria. B.C. During the present season Mr. W. R. Carter took a small series of
this new species at Esquimalt, near Victoria, on August 7th-10th, and Mr. L. E. Marmont also
took a few specimens at Maillardville in July. This species is interesting from the fact that
it is the first record of the genus Hilarographa from North America. It is very similar in
appearance to Laspeyresia vancouverana Kearf. (Eucosmidre), but the venation of the wings
and the antennal structure at once separate it from that family.
Yponomeutidw. ' .
Argyresthia monochromella Busck.   Described  (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 279, Dec,
from four specimens taken by the writer at Victoria on April 20th-22nd, 1921.
1921)
Cygnodoidea.
Aphelosetia cygnodiella Busck. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 280, Dec. 1921) from
specimens taken by Mr. W. Downes at Victoria, B.C., on April 26th, 1920.
COLEOPTERA.
Cicindelidas.
Cicindela wallisi Calder.    Described  (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 62, March, 1922)  from two
specimens taken by Mr. J. B. Wallis at Penticton, B.C., on August 13th, 1909.    This new species
was originally described under the name of azurea, but owing to this name being preoccupied it
was changed (ibidem page 191, Aug., 1922) to v:allisi.
Carabidw.
Elaphus clairvillei form frosti Hippisley. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 63, March,
1922) apparently from a single specimen taken by Mrs. W. W. Hippisley at Terrace, B.C.
Buprestidw.
Pozcilonota fraseri Chamberlin. Described (Journ. N.Y. Ent. Soc, Vol. 30, page 64, March,
1922) from two male specimens, one of which was taken by a Mr. Weldt on the Fraser River,
B.C., but without date or exact locality. The other specimen was taken on June 5th, 1909, out
bears no locality label other than " Canada " and was received by the author through Dr. J.
Swaine.
Cerambycidw.
Leptura aspera form parkeri Hippisley. Described (Can.. Ent., Vol. 54, page 66, March,
.1922) from Terrace, B.C. Probably described from a single specimen taken presumably by
the author, but neither date of capture, number of specimens, nor collector's name is given.
Hymenoptera.
Iehneumonidw (Pimplinw).
Phytodietus fumiferanw Rohwer.    Described (Can. Ent, Vol. 54, page 155, July, 1922) from
one male and two females bred by Mr. A. B. Baird at Lillooet, B.C.    This is a new parasite
of the spruce-bud worm  (Harmologa fumiferana)  and was reared from cocoons collected by
Mr. Baird on July 11th, 1919. 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 21
Braconidm (Microgasterinw).
Apanteles caudatus MueSbeck. Described (Pro. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 61, page 16, 1922)
from eight specimens, three of which are from the type locality, Carbonate, B.C. These specimens
were collected by Dr. J. C Bradley on July 7th-12th, 1908, at an altitude of 2,600 feet. The other
specimens are from Cheyenne, Wyoming (1) ; Mica, Washington (3) ; and Yellowstone Lake,
Montana  (1).
Apanteles olenidis Muesbeck. Described (Pro. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol. 61, page 18, 1922) from
nine male and fourteen female specimens bred from Olene vagans B. & McD. by Mr. E. P.
Venables at Vernon, B.C. All the species of the genus Apanteles are parasitic on the larva of
butterflies and moths and cover the infested caterpillar with their oval white cocoons.
Diptera.
Tipulidce.
Alexandriaria (gen. nov.) suffusca Garrett. Described (Pro. Ent. Soc, Wash., Vol. 24,
page 60, Feb., 1922) from one male and one female specimen taken by,Mr. C. B. Garrett at
Cranbrook, B.C., on October 9th, 1920.
Alexandriaria intermedia Garrett. Described (Pro. Ent. Soc, Wash., Vol. 24, page 60,
Feb., 1922) from two males and one female taken at Cranbrook, B.C., by Mr. Garrett in July,
1920.
Alexandriaria kooteniensis Garrett. Described (Pro. Ent. Soc, Wash., Vol. 24, page 61,
Feb., 1922) from a single male taken by Mr. Garrett at Cranbrook on July 15th, 1920.
Chionea alexandriaria Garrett. Described (Pro. Ent. Soc, Wash., Vol. 24, page 62, Feb.,
1922) from one male and five female specimens. Five of the specimens were taken by Mr.
Garrett at Cranbrook, B.C., in February, 1920 and 1921. The other was taken by a trapper on
the hills near Canal Flats, Kootenay Valley.
• Blepharoceridw.
Bibiocephala canadensis Garrett. Described (Ins. Ins. Mens., Vol. 10, page 89, April-June,
1922) from fifteen specimens taken at Wilson Creek near Michel, B.C., at an altitude of 5,000
feet, by Mr. Garrett in August and September.
Bibiocephala kellogi Garrett. Described (Ins. Ins. Mens., Vol. 10, page 91, April-June, 1922)
from a single specimen taken by Mr. Garrett at Cranbrook, B.C., on July 13th, 1921.
Tabanidas. I *
Tabanus laniferus McDunnough. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 239, Oct., 1922) from
thirteen specimens taken at Banff, Alta., and various points in British Columbia. The type
locality is Banff and the British Columbia localities are Hector, Mount Cheam, and Lillooet.
. Syrphidw.
Melanostema squamulw Curran. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 275, Dec, 1921) from
five specimens taken at Victoria, B.C., in April and May.    The collector's name is not given.
Toxomerus occidentalis Curran. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 53, page 258, Nov., 1921) from
forty-two specimens taken in California. Oregon, and British Columbia. The holotype male was
taken by Mr. W. Downes at Victoria, B.C., on May 5th, 1919.
Cynorhina robusta Curran. Described (Can. Ent, Vol. 54, page 14, Jan, 1922) from a single
female from British Columbia.    No further data are given.
Cynorhinella (gen. nov.) canadensis Curran. Described (Can. Ent, Vol. 54, page 15, Jan.,
1922) from a single male taken by the Rev. J. H. Keen at Inverness, B.C., in July, 1910.
Mallota Columbia; Curran. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 16, Jan., 1922) from a single
female taken by Mr. R. C Treherne at Penticton, B.C., on June Sth, 1919.
Braehypalpus apicaudus Curran. Described (Can. Ent, Vol. 54, page 119, May, 1922) from
a single male specimen taken by Mr. C B. Garrett at Cranbrook, B.C.
Tachinidw.
Lydella hyphantr-iw Tothill. Described (Technical Bulletin No. 3, page 43, Dept. Agriculture,
Ottawa, 1922) from four specimens bred at Agassiz, B.C.
It is a grey fly with clear wings and is a new parasite on the fall web-worm (H.yphantria
cunea Drury).    It may not be out of place to make a few remarks on this particular bulletin O 22
British Columbia.
1923
of the Dominion Department of Agriculture, as it is an exceedingly valuable contribution to our
economic literature.
The Bulletin is entitled " The Natural Control of the Fall Web-worm in Canada, together
with an Account of its Several Parasites." It comprises 107 pages, with many text illustrations.
In addition, there are six beautiful plates containing figures of the various adult parasites with
their cocoons, and also several other plates showing the anatomical structure of the larva?.
The work is written by Dr. John D. Tothill and is the result of eight years' intensive study,
in which he was ably assisted by Mr. A. B. Baird. The control-work was carried on in three
different Provinces—in New Brunswick from 1912 to 1918, in Nova Scotia from 1916 to 1918, and
in Southern British Columbia from 1917 to 1919.
Ernestia frontalis Tothill. Described from two males, one taken by Mr. Harrington at
Yukon River, Alaska, and the other by Mr. C B. Garrett at Cranbrook, B.C.
Ernestia johnsoni Tuthill. Described from four males, three from Massachusetts and one
from Fry Creek, B.C.    Dates of capture and collectors' names not given.
Ernestia nigropalpis Tothill. Described from eleven males takes at Stikine River, B.C.
(type locality) (Mr. Wickham) ; Savary Island, B.C. (R. S. Sherman) ; and Franconia, N.H.
(C. H. Townsend).
Ernestia platycarina Tothill. Described from ten males taken at Savary Island, B.C. (R. S.
Sherman) ; Bear Lake, B.C. (A. N. Caudell) ; Franconia, N.H. (C. H. Townsend) ; and Virginia.
Ernestia sulcocarina Tothill. Described from ten males taken at Cranbrook, B.C. (C B.
Garrett) ; Lillooet, B.C. (A. B. Baird) ; and Husavick, Man. (J. B. Wallis).
Ernestia bicarina Tothill. Described from four males taken at Bear Lake, B.C.; Boseman,
Mon.;  and Tennessee Pass, Colo.
The above six species were described by Dr. Tothill in his " Revision of the Nearctic species
of the genus Ernestia," which appeared in the Canadian Entomologist (Sept., Oct., Nov., and
Dec, 1921).
Helomyzidw.
Leria serrata form nigricana Garrett. Described (Ins. Ins. Mens., Vol. 10, page 176,
Oct-Dec, 1922) from a single female taken by Mr. C. B. Garrett at Cranbrook on June 4th,
1921.
Leria serrata form vinus Garrett. Described (Ins. Ins. Mens., Vol. 10, page 177, Oct-Dec,
1922) from seven specimens taken by Mr. Garrett at Cranbrook and Michel.
Ephydridw.
Trimerina adfinis Cresson.    Described  (Ent. News, Vol. 33, page 137, May, 1922)  from a
single female taken at Kaslo, B.C., by Mr. R. P. Currie.
Hemiptera  ( Heteroptera ).
Miridw.
Labops hirtus Knight.    Described  (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 25S, Nov., 1922)  from a large
number of specimens taken in a wide range of localities throughout Canada and the United
States, including three specimens from Chilcotin, B.C., captured by Mr. E. R. Buckell on July
28th, 1920.
Labops tumidifrons Knight. Described (Can. Ent., Vol. 54, page 259, Nov., 1922) from five
specimens taken by Mr. R. C Treherne at Chilcotin, B.C., on June 15th, 1920.
Lepidoptera not previously recorded from British Columbia.
The following thirteen species are new records for the Province and were all taken by
Dr. W. R. Buckell, of Salmon Arm, B.C., who has added considerably to our knowledge of
British Columbia Lepidoptera by his persistent and careful collecting during the past few years.
In a few days' vacation, spent with his nephew, Mr. E. R. Buckell, at Nicola Lake, he was
successful in securing at least four new records. There are in his collection other apparently
new species, but these have not as yet been definitely determined. •
Noctuidw.
1072. Melicleptria perminuta Hy.  Edw.    One specimen taken at Nicola Lake,  B.C., June
18th, 1922.   This is a good record and is very rare in collections.    It was described by Hy.
Edwards in 1881 from specimens taken in the Sierra Nevadas, Cal. 13 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 23
1275. Euxoa infracta Morr. Taken at Salmon Arm, B.C. Described in 1875 from Colorado
and Texas.
1659. Polia detracta Wlk. Two specimens taken at Salmon Arm, one on July 9th, 1921,
and the other on June 2Sth, 1922. This is the first authentic record of detracta that we have
had. The specimens listed from Kaslo under that name are not typical detracta, but are nearer
to the form neolerica Sm., the colours being darker and less diversified, although the insect is
as large as detracta. Neoterica from Alberta and Saskatchewan is smaller. I have listed the
Kaslo specimens under the latter name.
•    1665. Polia purpurissata Grt.   Taken at Salmon Arm.   We are glad to have this record,
as although it was listed in the 1906 Check-list it was very doubtful if the typical form occurred
in the Province.   The specimen recorded as such from Atlin, B.C., was in the Bryant collection,
and it is undoubtedly the form crydina described (Pro. U.S.N.M., Vol. 27, page 840, 1904)  by
Dyar from Kaslo, B.C.    Our lists should now read:—
Polia purpurissata Grt.    Salmon Arm.
Polia purpurissata form juncimacula Sm.    Rossland.
Polia purpurissata form crydina Dyar.   Kaslo, Atlin, Salmon Arm, and Vancouver Island.
The three forms are very close to each other, and although the difference can scarcely be
put into words they are somewhat easily separated by their general habitus.
* Polia subjuncta race eleanora B. & McD. A single specimen taken at Nicola Lake on June
ISth, 1922. This is another very interesting record, as it was described (Cont. Lep. No. Amer.,
Vol. 4, No. 2, page 95, May, 1918) from eight specimens taken at Nellie, Palomar Mountain,
Southern California. It differs from typical subjuncta in the generally lighter and greyer colour
and the almost entire absence of the carneous shades. The typical form has a very wide
distribution, ranging from the Atlantic States to British Columbia and then south to California.
1708. Polia meodana Sm. One specimen taken at Nicola Lake on June 17th, 1922. This is very
close to liquida Grt, but lacks the latter's bright colours and is a rather dull-looking insect.
Dr. McDunnough thinks that it is probably only a form of liquida.
1941b. Cirphis insueta race dia Grt. Taken at Nicola Lake on June 18th, 1922. This is very
close to our common Vancouver Island form heterodoxa Sm. They are both races of the Eastern
insueta.    Dia was described as a good species from California.
2160. Graptolitha tepida Grt. Several specimens taken at Salmon Arm. It flies at the end
of September and is an inhabitant of the Atlantic States.
2215, 1. Conistra fringata B. & McD. Taken at Salmon Arm on October 9th, 1921. Further
remarks on this species will be found under the heading of " Illustrated Lepidoptera."
2223. Parastictis dccipiens Grt. Three specimens taken at Salmon Arm. The type is in the
British Museum and was described by Grote in 1881 from specimens taken in Northern Indiana.
3187. Zale bencsignata Harv. Taken at Salmon Arm on May 24th, 1921. (See " Illustrated
Lepidoptera.")
*Autographa interalia Ottolengui. Taken at Salmon Arm. This is an interesting record
as the species has only been described comparatively recently (Jour. N.Y. Ent. Soc, Vol. 27,
page 123, June-Sept, 1919). It was described from two females taken by Mr. K. Bowman at
Nordegg, Alta. A very-much-worn male specimen was also taken by Dr. Ottolengui at Banff,
Alta. It is probably only a Western race of alias Ottol., the latter being a common species
throughout the Atlantic States.
Geometridw.
3802. Synchlora rubrifrontaria Pack. One specimen taken at Salmon Arm. This record
brings our list of species in the subfamily Hemithinoe up to seven. It is the prettiest of our
" greens," the white transverse lines being distinctly scalloped or wavy. The species was
described by Packard in 1873 from four specimens taken in New York State and Central Missouri.
Rare and Uncommon Lepidoptera taken in British Columbia during 1922.
Victoria.—It has been the worst year for Macrolepidoptera that I have known in my twelve
years' collecting here. Scarcely anything of note has been captured in this vicinity. A specimen
of Annaphila decia Grt. was taken by Master Lewis Clarke, and the writer took a specimen of
Hydriomena renunciata colu-mbiata Taylor on April 30th. This is not by any means a common
species, as only occasional specimens are taken. I also captured a nice series of Cosymbria
dataria Hulst. on Mount Tolmie in May. O 24 British Columbia. 1923
Saanichton.—This year we have the pleasure in welcoming to our ranks two enthusiastic
collectors in the persons of the Hon. J. G. Colville and Captain J. Wise. Commencing in April,
these two gentlemen, with the assistance of the Hon. A. Colville, collected continuously every
suitable evening until the middle of October. Their combined efforts have resulted in forming
the nucleus of a fine collection. The majority of their captures were made at "light" and
included a number of very desirable species, the most interesting of which are as follows:
Euxoa divergens abar Streck. A single specimen taken on June 6th. This is a most interesting capture, as our only previous record of this form is a couple of specimens taken at Duncan
many years ago by the late E. M. Skinner; Aplectoides occidens Harnps. (see " Illustrated
Lepidoptera") ; Acronycta illita Sm.; Arzama obliqua Wlk.; a fine female specimen of this
uncommon species was taken on July 5th; Autographa speciosa Ottol. Amongst the Geometridse
the best captures are Lygris atrifasciata Hulst; Dysstroma sobria ochrofuscaria Swett; several
specimens were taken in June. It is rather an uncommon species, as with the exception of a
worn specimen taken in 1920, these are the first records that I have had since it was described
in 1917 (Can. Ent., Vol. 49, page 70). Dysstroma walkerata Pears; this is one of the rarest
of our species in this genus. Mr. Cockle has taken it at Kaslo and I have a single specimen
taken on Mount Arrowsmith, Vancouver Island. Caripeta ccquliaria Grt.; Cleora latipennis
Hulst.; and a single male specimen of Sabulodes cervinaria Pack.
Dun-can.—In this district noctuids have been scarce, but geometers have been fairly abundant,
although they were mostly of the common kinds.
Mr. G. O. Day took three fine specimens of Dysstroma ethela Hulst. in July. A figure of
this beautiful species was given in Report, Prov. Mus., 1921, Plate IV. Mr. A. W. Hanhain's
best captures were Heliothis phloxiphaga G. & R. (rare on Vancouver Island, but taken more
frequently in the Interior) ; Agrotis havilm Grt. (very rare) ; Polia sutrina Grt. (rare), the
first specimen taken here for many years; Polia pulverulenta Sm. (uncommon) ; Autographa
brassicw Riley; two specimens taken on flower-blossoms on August 25th. Although this species
is common throughout the continent, it is rare in British Columbia. Mr. Hanham's capture is
the first record from Vancouver Island, and I believe Mr. Cockle, of Kaslo, has also taken one or
two specimens.
Maillardville.—Mr. L. E. Marmont reports a very poor season on the whole, although he
has taken a few very good things, chief amongst them being a single specimen of that very
rare arctid Aemilia roseata Wlk. (see "Illustrated Lepidoptera"). Papaipema insulidens
Bird; this is the first record from the Mainland (see "Illustrated Lepidoptera") ; Ercmobia
claudens albertina Hamp.; Autographa -metallica Grt. (first record from this district). Amongst
the Geometridse were Cleora albescens Hulst. (two fine specimens) ; Gabriola dyari Taylor; and
two specimens of Plagodis approximaria Dyar; Ihis is rather a rare species and has only
previously been recorded from Duncan, Kaslo, and Trail, but this year Ave have had it recorded
from Agassiz and Vavenby as well. While spending a week with Mr. Marmont in June, the
writer was successful in capturing a specimen of Euthyatira semicircularis Grt. (see " Illustrated
Lepidoptera "), a fine specimen of Eustroma nubilata macdunnoughi Blackm., and a specimen
in good condition of Euphyia luctuata obductata Moesch, the first that I have ever taken.
Nicola Lake.—During the past season Mr. E. R. Buckell, Assistant Entomologist of the
Provincial Department of Agriculture, has been stationed in this locality investigating the grasshopper situation. In addition to his regular duties he has made a small collection of Lepidoptera,
some of which are of more than ordinary interest. Euxoa murdocki Sm.; this rather handsome
noctuid is exceedingly rare in British Columbia; in fact, the only other record of it that I have
is a specimen taken some years ago by Mr. A. W. Phair at Lillooet. Dr. J. B. Smith (Bull. 44,
U.S.N.M., Cat. Noctuid.'e, 1S93) gives Utah, North-west British Columbia, Oregon, and Colorado
as localities for murdocki, but it is almost certain that his North-west British Columbia relates
to Alberta. Oncocemis umbrifascia Sm.; this rather delicate species is also very rare. It is the
third specimen that I have had recorded from the Province, the first being taken by Mr. Phair
at Lillooet, and the second by Mr. W. B. Anderson at Fort Steele. Xylena thoracia Put-Cram;
Trachea inordinata montana Sm.; a single specimen taken on June 13th. Our previous records
are Chilcotin (E. R. Buckell) and Vernon (M. Ruhmann). Gortyna obliqua Harv.; a single
specimen of this rather rare species was taken on August 29th. I have seen single specimens
from Duncan (A. W. Hanham), Kaslo (J. W. Cockle), and Armstrong (W. Downes). 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 25
Marron Lake.—This locality is situated about 12 miles south-east of Penticton, and would
doubtless yield rich returns if persistent collecting were carried on throughout the whole season.
Mr. C de Blois Green, who is now resident in this district, collected a little material in July.
Amongst his captures were Lampra placida Grt., a beautiful red specimen, unlike any other
that I have seen, but undoubtedly referable to this species, which is at present in a state of
evolution; Polia illamlabilis reslora Sm.; Caradrina exti-ma Wlk.; and Sarrothripus revayana
cinereana N. & D. In the Geometridse, Aeidalia ancellata Hist, and Home plumosata B. & McD.
were the best.
Vavenby.—Mr. T. A. Moilliet and his son Ted again collected a very large amount of material
in this locality. Although a great deal of it was a duplication of species taken the year before,
nevertheless a very fair percentage represented species not previously recorded from this district.
We have one or two species not yet definitely determined, which may eventually turn out to be
new to the Province.   The following is  a list of the most desirable species taken:—
Amongst the diurnals was a specimen of Eurymus nastes streckeri Grt. taken at an altitude
of 6,000 feet; Oeneis macouni Edw., taken on June Sth; this is a very good record, as it is
apparently a very rare species in British Columbia. I have only seen one other authentic
specimen and that was taken at Armstrong (W. Downes), although I have a record of a
specimen being taken at Enderby (J. Wynne), which is in the same general locality. Hesperia
centaurem Ramb.; two specimens of this rare skipper were taken on July 14th at an altitude
of 6,000 feet, one of them being in beautiful condition. The only previous records for the
Province are a single specimen captured at Atlin (E. M. Anderson) in 1914 and one or two
specimens taken by the late Wolley Dod at Windermere. Owing to the poorness of the season
the noctuids did not make as good a showing as last year. A short series of Polia negussa Sm.
was taken, our previous records of this species being from Rossland and Vernon; Polia segregaia
Sm., a single specimen; it is quite possible that negussa, segregaia, together with gussata Sm.,
are only varietal forms of the same species. Three specimens of Perigrapha algula Sm. and one
P. achsha Dyar were taken. We are glad to get these as there has been some confusion in the
determination of these rather uncommon species. A figure of each is given on Plate V. and
further remarks will be found under " Illustrated Lepidoptera." In the Notodontidae a single
specimen each of Gluphisia septentrionalis Wlk. and G?. septentrionalis quinquelinea Dyar was
taken. These are both good records and are figured on Plate V., with additional remarks under
" Illustrated Lepidoptera." Three specimens' of Gluphisia severa danbyi Neum were taken
between April 20th and 26th. Amongst the Geometridne the following are worthy of note:
Itame epigcnata B. & McD., an uncommon species and previously recorded from Kaslo (Cockle)
and Mount McLean (Day & Hanham). A figure of this species was given in the Report, Prov.
Mus., 1920, Plate I. Itame deniiculodes Hulst. (see "Illustrated Lepidoptera"); Spodolepsis
substriatana danbyi Hulst.; a long series of this species was taken in the last week of April.
It shows a very wide range of variation; in some specimens the transverse markings and median
band stand out in striking contrast, while in others they are nearly obsolete and give the insect
a nearly unicolorous appearance. Lycia ursaria Wlk.; a single specimen of this uncommon
species was taken on April 25th. Mr. Cockle has taken it at Kaslo and our only other record
is a specimen taken by the late W. H. Danby at Rossland in 1900. An illustration of this
species was given in Report, Prov. Mus., 1918, Plate II. Plagodis approximaria Dyar; a good
record and extends our knowledge of the distribution of this rather rare species in the Province.
Erannis vancouverensis Hulst.; a single rather worn specimen taken in November. A rather
unexpected record, as, with the exception of a few odd specimens taken at Kaslo, I have no
record of its appearance outside of Vancouver Island and the Lower Fraser Valley.
Kaslo.—Mr. Cockle reports a very poor season and very little of anything .has been taken.
His best capture was a specimen of Autographa bimaculata Steph.; this species is rare in the
Province and is the first record from this district. I have a specimen labelled Victoria, B.C.,
1890, but cannot vouch for the authenticity of the label, and I have seen a specimen taken by
Mr. W. B. Anderson at Fort Steele. These are all the records of this species that I have any
knowledge of. Mr. Cockle also took specimens of Euxoa catenula Grt. and Euxoa comosa Morr.
Kaslo is the only British Columbia locality from which the latter species has been recorded.
Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector of Indian Orchards, also reports the worst collecting
season in his experience.   His duties take him to many different parts of the Province, and as ^^^fe^^^^^^^a^^^^^^^^.
O 26
British Columbia.
1923
he is a very keen naturalist his material always contains something w7orthy of note. The following are his most interesting captures:—
Agassiz.—Plagodis approximaria Dyar.; a single specimen taken on July 23rd. This is a
very late date for this species, as our specimens from other localities were all taken in May.
Fort Steele.—Macaria unipunctaria Wright; Phasiane orillata Wlk.; and a single specimen
of Marmopteryx mar-morata Pack.; this is an unexpected locality for this species, as all our
previous specimens have been taken between Penticton and Osoyoos.
Keremcos.—Euxoa cinereopallida Sm.; two specimens taken on September 16th. Our
previous records are from Lillooet (A. W. Phair) and Penticton (W. B. Anderson). Euxoa
quadridentata flutea Sm.; a single specimen taken on the same date. This capture extends the
known range of this species in the Province, as we have only had it listed previously from
Chilcotin (E. R. Buckell) and Fort Steele (W. B. Anderson).
Lytton.—Oncocnemis cibalis Grt. A rather worn specimen of this uncommon species was
taken on September 24th.
MlCROLEPIDOPTERA.
Although it has been such a poor season for Lepidoptera in general, we have been successful
in getting together a large number of micros, of which I have set up something over 1,400
specimens. Many of these have not been previously recorded from this Province, a few are
new to science, and our collections have been enriched by many desirable species which were
previously unrepresented.
We are very much indebted to the Hon. J. G. Colville and to Captain J. Wise, who made
large collections during the season at the beautiful home of the former, which is ideally situated
on the Saanich Arm, some 16 miles north of Victoria. They collected persistently throughout
the whole of the season and brought in hundreds of specimens, including many desirable species
and several new records for the Province. Collections have also been made at Victoria, Fitzgerald, Duncan, Maillardville, Nicola Lake, Salmon Arm, Marron Lake, and Vavenby.
The following list of species are new to the Province and are additional to those previously
published in the Annual Reports of the Provincial Museum for 1920 and 1921 .
The greater part of this season's captures in the Tineina (sens lat.) have not yet been worked
up and anything new or worthy of note will be included in next year's report.
The numbers and arrangement are in accord with Messrs. Barnes & McDunnough's Checklist.    Those marked with a star have been described since the " List" was published.
Collectors: W. B. Anderson, E. H. Blaekmore, E. R. Buckell, W. R. Buckell, W. R. Carter,
Hon. J. G. Colville, C. deB. Green, A. W. Hanham, L. E. Marmont, T. A. Moilliet, A. W. Phair,
and Captain J. Wise.    The initials only are used in the following records.
Pyralidw (Phycitinw).
5562. Dioryctia auranticella Grt Lillooet (A. W. P.).
5600. Nephopteryx hypochalciella Rag.    Goldstream (E. H. B.).
5613b. Salebna virgatella inconditella Rag.    Duncan (A. W. H.).
5662. Pyla wneoviridella Rag.    Mount McLean (A. W. H.).
* Pyla sylphiella Dyar.   Mount McLean (A. W. H.).
5676. Megasis edwardsialis Hist   Chilcotin (E. R. B.).
5680. Megasis atrella Hist    Chilcotin (E. R. B.).
5719. Euzophera aglwella Rag.   Duncan (A. W. H.).
5749. Honora montinatatella Hist.   Duncan (A. W. H.).
Cosm optery gidce.
6969,1. Chrysoclista villella Busck.   Maillardville (E. H. B.; L. E.
6008. Mompha eloisella Clem.    Ladysmith (T. Bryant).
6018. Mompha unifasciella Cham.   Maillardville (L. E. M.).
GlelcMidw.
6069. Chrysopora hermannella Fabr.   Vernon (E. P. Venables).
* Telphusa agrifolia Braun.   Victoria (E. H. B.).
6278. Gelechia mediofuscella Clem.    Victoria  (E. H. B.).
6283. Gelechia conclusella Wlk.   Vavenby (T. A. M.).
M.). 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 27
6290. Gelechia fuscotwnieella Cham.    Maillardville (L. E. M.).
6298. Gelechia altematella Kearf.   Duncan (A. W. H.) ;  Vavenby (T. A. M.).
Oicophoridw.
6414. Eumeyrickia trimaculella Fitch.    Vavenby  (T. A. M.).
* Agonopteryx blackmori Busck.    Victoria (E. H. B.;  W. R. C) ;   Saanichton (J. G. C).
Ethmiidai.
6622. Ethmia alUstrigella Wlshm.    Lillooet (A. W. P.).
6624. Ethm.ia monticola AVlshni.    Chase (W. B. A.).
JEgcriidcc.
6654. JEgeria tibialis Harris.   Marron Lake.    (0. B. G.).
Eucosmidw.
6816. Argryoploce albeolana Zell.   Vavenby (T. A. M.).
6827. Argyroploce hebesana Wlk.    Saanichton (J. G. C).
6838. Argyroploce eoronana Kearf.    Salmon Arm (W. R. B.).
6844. Argyroploce puncticostana Wlk.    Adams Lake (AV. B. A.) ;  Vavenby (T. A. M.).
6861. Argyroploce nubilana Clem.    Saanichton (J. W.) ;  Agassiz (W. B. A.).
6865. Argyroploce fuscalbana Zell.    Vavenby (T. A. M.).
* Argyroploce buckellana McD.    Salmon Arm (W. R. B.).
6949. Eucosma passerana AVlshm.    Wellington (T. Bryant).
6956. Eucosma nigralbana Wlshm.    Saanichton (J. W.).
69-59. Eucosma lolana Kearf.    Chilcotin (E. R. B.).
6965. Eucosma terrococtana Wlshm.    Saanichton  (J. G. C.) ;   Powell River  (W. B. A.).
6970. Eucosma ahbreviatana Wlshm.    Chilcotin (E. R. B.).
6986a. Eucosma nisella criddleana Kearf.    Victoria (W. R. C).
6990. Eucosma hirsutana Wlshm.    A'avenby (T. A. M.).
7065. Eucosma striatana Clem.    Mount McLean (A. W. H.).
7082. Eucosma columbiana Wlshm.   Kamloops (W. B.-A.) ;  Chilcotin (E. R. B.).
7148. Enarmonia haim.bachiana Kearf.    Aravenby (T. A. M.).
7175. Ancylis subwquana Zell.    Goldstream (E. H. B.) ;   Saanichton (J. AV.).
7176. Ancylis diseigerana Wlk.    Mount McLean (A. W. H.).
7269. Melissopus latiferreanus Wlshm.    Saanichton  (E. H. B.) ;   Maillardville  (E. H. B.;
L. E. M.).
Tortricidm.
7372. Tortrix packardiana Fern.   Maillardville (L. E. M.).
7443. Peronea subnivana Wlk.   Hazelton (W. B. A.).
Peronea variegana Schiff.    Arictoria (W. R. C;   E. H. B.).
Phaloniidw.
7454. Phalonia smeathmanniana Fabr.   Aravenby (T. A. M.).
Glyphipterygidw.
* Hilarographa youngiella Busck.   AMetoria   (W. Downes;   AV. R. C) ;   Maillardville
(L. E. M.).
Plutellidw.
7664. Cerostoma schioarziella Busck.   Powell River (W. B. A.) ;   Salmon Arm (W. R. B.).
Yponomeutidai.
* Argyresthia monochromella Busck.    Arictoria  (E. H. B.). O 28
British Columbia.
1923
Haploptiliidw.
7762. Haploptilia coruscipennella Clem.   Arictoria (W. R. C; E. H. B.) ;  Duncan (A. W. H.) ;
Maillardville (L. E. M.).
7768. Haploptilia fletchcrella Fern.  Astoria (AV. B. C ; E. H. B.) ; Maillardville (L. E. M.).
* Aphelosetia cygnodiella Busck.   Victoria (W. Downes).
Scythrididw.
8080. Seythris eboracensis Zell.    A7ictoria (E. II. B.).
Tineidm.
8289. Tinea granella Linn.    Arictoria (E. H. B.;   W. R. C).
Incurvariidw.
8436. Incurvaria itoniella Busck.    AVellington  (T. Bryant).
Adelidas.
8448. Nemotois bellela Wlk.    A^avenby (T. A. M.).
Microp terygidw.
8480. Epimartyria pardella Wlshm.    Maillardville (L. E. M.;  E. H. B.).
The following notes on some of the new and uncommon species taken during the last two
seasons may be of interest to students of this group :—
5151. Pyrausta borealis Pack. A short series of this pretty black and yellow pyraustid was
taken by Mr. T. A. Moilliet at A'avenby, B.C., on June 1st. These specimens are not quite
typical and represent a small dark northern race which seems worthy of a varietal name. We
have two similar specimens from Chilcotin taken by Mr. E. R. Buckell on June 2nd, 1920.
We also have two specimens of the typical form taken at Lillooet several years ago.
5591. Ambesa Imtella Grt. This species with its purple and white markings is one of the
most handsome of the phycitids and has, until recently, been represented in our collections by a
single specimen taken at Rossland, B.C., by the late Mr. Danby. Mr. E. R. Buckell took one
specimen at Chilcotin on June 30th, 1920, and the same collector was fortunate enough to capture
three more this season between June 18th and the 25th at Nicola Lake, B.C. Mr. T. A. Moilliet
also took a single specimen at Vavenby on July 14th.
5600. Nephopteryx liypochalciella Rag. Two male specimens of this species, which is new
to our list, have been taken by the wrriter at Goldstream, one on July 3rd, 1918, and the other
on August 10th, 1921.    It seems very uncommon.
5662. Pyla wneoviridella Rag. This genus has been hitherto poorly represented in British
Columbia collections. Until quite recently we had only one representative recorded from the
Province, which was listed in the 1906 Check-list as scintillans Grt., taken on Mount Cheam in
1903. This identification, however, has proved to be wrong, as I have two of the original
specimens from the Harvey collection which were determined by Dr. McDunnough in 1919 as
rainierella Dyar. More recently (April, 1921) Dr. Dyar described a new species taken by the
writer at Mount Tzouhalem as Pyla blackmorella. Aii illustration of this species with notes
thereon was given in last year's Museum Report.
When collecting on Mount McLean in July, 1919, and again in August, 1921, Mr. A. AV.
Hanham, of Duncan, succeeded in capturing a number of specimens of this genus. Upon
examination I found that they were quite distinct from rainierella and involved at least two
species. They were sent to Mr. W. Schaus, of the U.S. National Museum, who is an authority
on this group. The one species taken in July, 1919, at 5,000 feet altitude proved to be wneoviridella Rag., and the other one taken in August, 192.1, at 7,500 feet was determined as:—
*Pyla sylphiella Dyar. This was described from Mount Rainier, near Tacoma, Wash., from
specimens taken by Dyar & Caudell in August, 1906. This latter species is a trifle smaller and
has purplish-coppery irrorations, while wneoviridella is irrorated w7ith greenish-bronze. The
majority of the species in this genus are brownish-black in colour, the fore wings being variously
irrorated with either purplish, greenish, bronzy, or coppery metallic scales.
5676. Megasis edioardsialis Hulst. This is also a new record for the Province. A short
series was taken by Mr. E. R. Buckell at Chilcotin the latter end of April, 1.920.   It is a long 13 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Eeport. O 29
narrow-winged .species measuring 1% inches in expanse, with the primaries of a dull-grey colour
and the secondaries a light fuscous. The females are much smaller than the males, being only
% inch when expanded, and having two black transverse lines on the primaries. Unless one
was acquainted with this genus, one would never associate the two sexes as belonging to the
same species.
5680. Megasis atrella Hulst. This is a very similar species to the last, but is a little smaller
in expanse and the somewhat obscure markings are slightly different. A small series was taken
by Mr. E. R. Buckell at the same time and place as the former species. In the 1906 Check-list
atrella is recorded from A7ictoria, but I think this is a misidentification. The only specimen
that I have seen from this district is one that I took on March Sth, 1921, and which is closer
to edioardsialis than to atrella, but probably distinct from either.
5969,1. Crysoclista villella Busck. A nice series of this pretty black-and-orange micro was
taken by Mr. Marmont and myself at Maillardville on June 19th. It is about % inch in expanse
and when in the air resembles a small black fly. We found it in a large patch of scrub willow
and it was not beaten from any other tree. The willows were 8 to 9 feet high and the micro
was found only on the topmost twigs. We observed none in flight excepting when they were
disturbed. The method of capture was to touch the top twigs with the rim of the net, holding
it at arm's length, and then one would see a small black speck fly off. A wild jump and a sweep
with the net and villella was secured. When once in the net, the micro remained perfectly quiet
and was easily bottled. A couple of hours' hard work found us with about thirty specimens and
a pair of very tired arms. The species was described (Pro. U.S.N.M., Vol. 27, page 768) from a
single specimen taken at Seattle, Wash., in 1903. Mr. Busck informs me that this is the first
record of this species since it was described in 1904, which makes this a very interesting capture.
5985. Walshia amorphella Clem. A single specimen in good condition was taken by Dr. W. R.
Buckell at Salmon Arm on June 27th. This seems a somewhat rare insect, as we only have two
specimens, both taken by Mr. T. Bryant at Wellington.    It is also recorded from Kaslo.
6008. Mompha eloisella Clem. This is a new record for the Province and was taken by
Mr. T. Bryant at Ladysmith on July 9th, 1909. It is a pretty little moth measuring about
y2 inch across the wings. The basal half of the primaries is pure white with two small black
dots, while the outer half is golden-brown with a dark-brown longitudinal line through the centre.
6290. Gelechia fuscotwniella Cham. Mr. Marmont has taken three specimens of this new
record at Maillardville. It is slightly smaller than the preceding species. The primaries are
pure white with a small black basal area and a black spot on the costa and another at the apex
of the wing.    It flies in June.
*Telphusa agrifolia Braun. This species was described in Ent. News, Vol. 32, page 9, Jan.,
1921, from specimens bred from larvae feeding on California live oak (Quercus agrifolia) in
Alameda County, California. The writer took a short series of this species at Mount Tolmie
in September, 1921, and a long series at the same place in August of this year. It was beaten
from scrub oak (Quercus Garryana), on which the larvae undoubtedly feed. It is a small species,
measuring about 13 mm. In colour it is blackish-brown with patches of raised scales; in some
specimens there is an oblique white band crossing the wing from about one-fourth out. It is
very variable.
6156. Recurvaria gibsonella Kearf. A single specimen of this pretty little gelechid was
taken by Mr. W. R. Carter on June 20th, 1921. This is the first record from British Columbia
of this Eastern species. It was described (Can. Ent, Arol. 39, page 4, Jan., 1907) from three
specimens bred from larva? feeding on juniper (Juniperus communis) by Mr. Arthur Gibson at
Ottawa, Ont.
6288. Gelechia panella Busck. Four specimens of this striking brick-red species were taken
by the Hon. J. G. Colville at Saanichton on various dates in July and August. It was described
(Pro. U.S.N.M., Vol. 25, page 889, 1903) from two specimens, one taken in Arizona and the other
in California. Mr. Hanham has taken a few specimens at Duncan during the last few years,
but it is not at all common. The larvae feed on arbutus (Arbutus Menziesii). This species was
listed in our old Check-list from Wellington, but this is an error, as the species listed under that
name is Gelechia mandella Busck.
6803,1. Exartema appendiceum Zell. In the Can. Ent. for Feb., 1922, page 39, Dr. J.
McDunnough resurrects this species from the synonmy. It had been placed as a synonym of
versicoloranum Clem., but, although very similar in appearance, can be separated by versicolor- O 30
British Columbia.
1923
anum having the costa white at the base, while appendiccum has a dark basal area. The species
occurring in British Columbia are the latter and the two specimens recorded in last year's
Museum Report under the name of versicolorawum (taken by Mr. Marmont at Maillardville)
should be changed accordingly. A nice series of this moth was taken this season by Captain J.
Wise at Saanichton in June and July.
6820. Argyroploce wellingtoniana Kearf. This is a fine capture, as no specimens have been
recorded since the species was described (Trans. Am. Ent. Socy., Vol. 33, page 13, Feb., 1907)
from two specimens taken by the late Rev. G. W. Taylor at AVellington on May 19th, 1906.
The writer took two specimens in fine condition on May 23rd of this year about 7 p.m., and
although a careful search was made on following evenings no more were found. A single
specimen was also taken by the Hon. J. G. Colville at Saanichton on June 5th. It expands
about 18 mm. and the primaries are mottled with white, grey, dark fuscous, and black.
7028. Eucosma similana Hubn. Two nice specimens of this species were taken by Mr. T. A.
Moilliet at Vavenby on September 16th and 20th. At first glance it is very similar to lolana
Kearf., illustrated on Plate VL, but is slightly smaller and has pale hind wings instead of dark-
brown ones. This species has been previously recorded from Kaslo; it occurs in the Atlantic
States, is common in Great Britain, and also extends through Central Europe and Northern Asia.
7161. Enarmonia medioplagata Wlshm. This is another uncommon species, only previously
reported from Kaslo. Mr. Moilliet took two specimens in good condition at A'avenby in July,
and Mr. E. R. Buckell took a single rather worn specimen at Chilcotin on August 2nd, 1921.
7269. Melissopus latiferreanus Wlshm. This is another new record for the Province. It is
represented in our collections by three specimens taken in June of this year. While visiting
Mr. Marmont at Maillardville, I captured a beautiful specimen of this species on the last day
of my stay, June 20th, and on the same morning Mr. Marmont captured another one. Two days
later, while spending a day at the home of A'iscount Colville at Saanichton, I captured a third
specimen. Strange to say, although persistent collecting was carried on by both the Hon. Mr.
Colville and Mr. Marmont, no more specimens of this species were captured. The fore wings
are reddish-brown in colour with a purplish sheen and a small patch of burnished copper in the
median area.
7532. Commophila fuscodorsana Kearf. This species has not been represented in our collections until this year. Mr. W. R. Carter took two specimens on June 15th in Pemberton Woods
near Victoria. Mr. Marmont captured another one on May 31st at Maillardville, while the writer
secured a freshly emerged specimen on Mount Tolmie on June 10th. The species was described
(Can. Ent., May, 1904, page 137) from two male specimens, one taken at Fieldbrook, Cal., and
the other taken by Mr. Cockle at Kaslo.    This is a good record.
7623. Choreutis leucobasis Fern. This interesting capture was made by Mr. Marmont at
Maillardville, who took two specimens on May 12th. This is the first record that we have had
since Mr. T. Bryant captured a specimen at Wellington on May 3rd, 1903. The species was
described (Can. Ent, Vol. 32, page 242, 190O) from specimens taken at London, Ont., and
Massachusetts.    It has also been recorded from Vermont.
7664. Cerostoma schwarziella Busck. This is a new record for the Province. Mr. W. B.
Anderson took a single specimen in good condition at Powell River on August 4th, 1921. This
season three specimens were taken by Dr. W. R. Buckell at Salmon Arm on May Kith.
8480. Epimartyria pardella Wlshm. This is one of the most interesting finds that we have
yet had, and I believe that I am right in stating that this is the first record of this species being
taken in Canada. It was first taken by Mr'. Marmont at Maillardville in June, 1921. Mr. August
Busck, to whom it was submitted for determination, was very anxious to get additional material,
as it is somewhat of a rarity in collections, the U.S. National Museum only containing two
specimens which were taken by Professor C V. Piper at Seattle, Wash.
With this end in view the writer spent a week in June with Mr. Marmont at his home in
Maillardville, which is ideally situated for collecting purposes. The second day I was there—
June 15th, to be exact—we proceeded to the spot where Mr. Marmont had collected the species
the previous year. This was an old disused lane, now very much overgrown. The sides were
lined with small trees and shrubs of many kinds, while the undergrowth was very dense. We
had not been there many minutes before we spotted one or two resting upon the leaves of various
plants, and by careful and steady work we bottled some fifty-two specimens between us in a
couple of hours.    Bottling them off the plants was the only possible way to get them, as when in  PLATE V.
ARCTIIDiE—NOCTUID.E—NOTODONTID.E-— THYATIRID.E.
/Emilia roseata Wlk.
Eraser Mills, B.C. (L. E. Marmont).
(Exceedingly rare, t
Papaipema insulidens Bird.
Eraser .Mills, B.C.  (L. 10. Marmont).
(Rather rare)
Q-luphisia septentrionales Wlk.
Vavenby, B.C.  (T. A. Moilliet).
(New to British Columbia.)
Aplectoides occidens Hamps.
Saanichton, B.C.  (.1. G. Colville).
(Very rare.)
Oncocnemis cibalis Grt.
Lillooet,  B.C.   (A. W.  Phair).
(Very rare.)
Oncocnemis lev-is Grt.
Fort Steele, B.C.   (W. I!. Anderson).
(New to British Columbia.)
Perigrapha algula Sm.
Vavenby, B.C.  (T. A. Moilliet).
(Uncommon.)
Perigrapha achslia Dyar.
Vavenby. B.C.  (T. A. Moilliet).
(Rather rare.)
(iliiphisa septentrionalis auinquelinea Dyar.
Vavenby, B.C.  (T. A. Moilliet).
(Rather rare.)
'/.ale benesignata Harvey.
Salmon Arm, B.C.  (W. It. Buckell).
(New to British Columbia.)
Oonistra fringata B. & McD.
Salmon Arm, B.C. (W. R. Buckell).
(New to British Columbia.)
Euthyatira semicirc-ularis Grt.
Fraser Mills, B.C.   (E. II. Blackmore)
(Rather uncommon.)
Taraehe major Sm.
Rossland, B.C. (W. II. Dauby).
(Very rare.)
Taraehe areli Street.
Rossland, B.C.  (W. II. Dauby).
(Rather rare.) PLATE V.  13 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 31
flight they are almost invisible. The species is rather small, expanding only 11 mm., and the
wings are very narrow, the fore wings being about % mm. broad and the hind wings about 1 mm.
It is an extremely handsome insect when viewed under a lens, all the wings being of an
iridescent purple with a large golden spot on the fore wings about two-thirds out from the base.
We also took three or four specimens which were unspotted. At first these were thought to be
a different species, but later on Mr. Busck made slides of the wings and genitalia, which disproved
that idea.    He considers them to be merely varieties of the typical form.
This species is interesting from the fact that it is a representative of the family Microptery-
gidae, which is the most primitive family of all the Lepidoptera. The fore and hind wings each
contain twelve veins, and a jugum is developed at the base of the inner margin, wbich serves
as a wing-coupling apparatus. This family is very closely allied to the order Trichoptera
(caddice-flies), and it is from this latter order that the Lepidoptera have undoubtedly evolved.
Illustrated Lepidoptera.
Arctiidw (Plate V.).
929. JEmilia roseola Wlk. Taken by Mr. L. E. Marmont at Maillardville on July 2nd, 1922.
This is one of the finest captures of the seasou, as it is the rarest of all our species in this
family. The specimen illustrated is the first one taken since 1906 that I have any knowledge of.
In the 1906 Check-list it is recorded from Goldstream and Mission. I have not been able to find
any trace of the Goldstream specimen and I know nothing of the one from Mission. In the
Bull. B.C. Ent. Socy., Sept., 1906, under the heading of "Notes'on the Season of 1906," it says:
" Mr. Harvey received from a friend a fine specimen of TEmilia roseata, taken early in July on
the Squamish River." This record is authentic, as I found the specimen referred to in the
Harvey collection.
Noctuida: (Plate V.).
1507. Aplectoides occidens Hamp. This is another very fine record, as very few specimens
of this species have been taken in the Province. The specimen illustrated was taken by the
Hon. J. G. Colville at Saanichton on August 15th, 1922, and is the first that I have seen since
I discovered a specimen in the Bryant collection which wras taken at Wellington on August 4th,
1902. This latter specimen was labelled " Iladena mustelina Sm." and was listed under that
name in the 1906 Check-list I had great difficulty in getting this species determined, as it was
not represented either in the Canadian National Collection or the U.S. National Museum. Later
Dr. J. McDunnough identified it from the co-type in the Wolley Dod collection, which was
bequeathed to the Dominion Government by the late F. H. Wolley Dod. Dr. McDunnough also
informed me that they have a specimen from Ucluelet, which is on the west coast of Vancouver
Island. In the Entomological Record for 1919 Gibson'and Griddle record a specimen of occidens
taken by Mr. J. B. AVallis at Sicamous, B.C., on August 12th, 1915. I have also recently
determined a specimen as this species for Mr. A. W. Hanham, taken at Quamichan Lake, AM.,
on August 23rd, 1918.    These five records are the only ones that I know of from this Province.
1900. Perigrapha algula Sm. Three specimens were taken by Mr. T. A. Moilliet at Vavenby
on April 30th, 1922. We were glad to get these, as this species was not previously represented
in our collections. I have seen specimens from Kaslo, where Mr. Cockle takes it occasionally,
and Dr. W. R. Buckell also records it from Salmon Arm.
1901. Perigrapha achsha Dyar. A single specimen of this species was also taken by Mr.
Moilliet on April 20th. This is a rather rare species, as I have only seen two other specimens
in British Columbia collections; one was taken in the Penticton District by Mr. E. M. Anderson
in 1913, and the other by Mr. G. O. Day at Quamichan Lake, near Duncan. This latter is rather
an unexpected locality, but I do not think that there is any doubt about the determination, as
it agrees with the Penticton specimen which was determined for me by Dr. A. W. Lindsey. In
the Barnes collection at Decatur, 111., is a specimen from Arrow Lake, B.C., which has been
compared with the type, and the Penticton specimen agrees with this. Algula and achsha are
closely allied and have been somewhat confused in collections, but can be- differentiated by the
fact that achsha is hoary grey powdered, except in the inner part of median and basal areas,
while algula is evenly coloured and ranges from dark slaty grey to a purplish red.
2030. Oncocnemis levis Grt. This fine noctuid was captured by Mr. W. B. Anderson at Fort
Steele on September 16th, 191S, and as far as I am aware has not previously been recorded from O 32
British Columbia.
1923
British Columbia.    It was described in 1SS0 from specimens taken in Arizona and Colorado, and
it has also been recorded from Lethbridge, Alta.
2048. Oncocnemis cibalis Grt. The specimen illustrated was taken by Mr. A. W. Phair at
Lillooet on September 15th, 1918. This species was also described (Can. Ent, Dec, 1S80) from
Colorado at the same time as the preceding. A rather worn specimen of this species was also
taken by Mr. W. B. Anderson at Lytton on September 24th, 1922.
2215,1. Conistra fringata B. & McD. This is a new record for the Province and was captured
by Dr. W. R. Buckell at Salmon Arm on October 9th, 1921. It was described (Cont Lepid. No.
Amer., Nov., 1916, page 9) from a single male taken at Truckee, Cal. It is closely allied to
devia Grt, but is a larger and prettier insect, the prevailing colour being a bright red-brown,
although the maculation is practically the same.
2673. Papaipema insulidens Bird. A single specimen was taken by Mr. L. E. Marmont at
Maillardville on September 9th, 1922. This capture extends its known range, as hitherto it has
uot been recorded outside of A^ancouver Island. The species was described (Can. Ent, May, 1902,
page 112) from three specimens from Arancouver Island. Mr. G. O. Day has taken it sparingly
at Quamichan Lake for several years.    Its food-plant unfortunately still remains undiscovered.
2977. Taraehe major Sm. The specimen illustrated was taken by the late Mr. AV. H. Danby
at Rossland on July 20th, 1S99. It is rather a striking-looking species and must be exceedingly
rare in the Province, as this is the only example I have seen, although Mr. Cockle has taken it at
Kaslo.    It is evidently a mountainous species and was described from Colorado in 1900.
2982. Taraehe areli Stkr. This specimen was also taken by Mr. Danby at Rossland and is
the only other representative of the genus occurring in British Columbia. This species is nearly,
if not quite, as rare as the preceding. It has been taken at Kaslo (Cockle) and a single specimen
was recorded in last year's Museum Report as being taken hy Mr. J. Wynne at Enderby, B.C.
3187. Zale benesignata Harvey. This is a fine record and is new to the Province. It was
taken by Dr. W. R. Buckell at Salmon Arm on May 19th, 1921. The species was described
(Bull. Buff. Soc. Nat. Sci., Vol. 3, page 14, 1875) from specimens taken at Webster, N.H., and
Indian River, Fla. In the 1906 B.C. Check-list the three species, lunata Drury, calycanthata
S. & A., and duplicata Bethune, listed under the generic name of Homoptera (= Zale) are all
incorrect. I have seen a number of specimens from different collections labelled lunata, and
these are all without a doubt norda Sm., which was described (Pro. U.S.N.M., A^ol. 35, page 237,
1908) from specimens taken at Kaslo, Rossland, and Arrow Lake, B.C., and Cartwright, Man.
Calycanthata, recorded by Dr. Dyar (Pro. U.S.N.M., Arol. 27, page 879, 1904) from Kaslo, is a'so
this species. Duplicata, listed from Wellington (Taylor), is almost certain to be largera Sm.,
described (Pro. U.S.N.M., Vol. 35, page 257, 1918) from two specimens, one from Wellington,
B.C., and one from Winnipeg, Man.; in fact, it is quite possible that the specimen listed in our
Check-list was the identical specimen which Smith made the male type of his species. Our species
in this genus will now stand as follows :—
Zale Hbn.
minera race norda Sm.    Arancouver Island;   Southern British Columbia.
benesignata Harv.    Salmon Arm.
race largera Sm.    Wellington;   Princeton.
Notodontidw (Plate V.).
36SO. Gluphisia septentrionalis Wlk. A single specimen taken by Mr. T. A. Moilliet at
Aravenby on June 10th, 1922. We are glad to have this record, as it is the first authentic typical
specimen of this species that we have seen. The species taken at Kaslo and listed under this
name are of the form quinquelinea Dyar. Septentrionalis has a very wide range and should
occur wherever aspen and cottonwood are found. It varies in colour a great deal according to
the locality, and varietal names have been given to many of these geographical races.
36S0d. Gluphisia septentrionalis race quinquelinea Dyar. A single specimen of this form
was also taken at the same place and on the same date as the preceding. It was described by
Dyar (Ent. News, Vol. 3, page 168, 1892) from one male taken at Portland, Ore.
Thyatiridw (Plate VJ.
3695. Euthyatira semicircularis  Grt.    The  specimen  illustrated was taken by the writer
at Maillardville on June 19th, 1922.    Previous to this capture this species has only been taken
at one locality in the Province—namely, Quamicham Lake, near Duncan.    Both Mr. Day and  f
PLATE  VI.
GEOMIOTRID.TO.
Ilame dentieulodes Hulst.
Vavenby, B.C.  (T. A. Moilliet).
(Very rare.)
Xanthorhoe incursata harreyata C. & S.
(Female paratype.)
Vancouver, B.C.  (I!. V. Harvey).
(New to science.)
Eupithecia eenataria C. & S.
Goldstream, B.C. (E. II. Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Xanthorhoe raniaria deleetaria C. & S.
(Male paratype.)
Atlin,  B.C.   (E. M. Anderson).
(New lo science.)
Xanthorhoe aquilonatia C. & S.
(Male paratype.)
Atlin.  B.C.   ( 10. M. Anderson).
(New to science.)
Eupithecia scabrogala gilcipennala C. & S.
(Male holotype.)
(Wellington, B.C. (T. Bryant).
(New  lo science.)
MICROLEPIDOPTERA.
Xemotois bellela Wlk.
Vavenby, B.C.   (T. A. Moilliet).
(New lo British Columbia.)
Peronea raricyana  Schiff.
Victoria, B.C. (E. II. Blackmore).
(New lo North America.)
Aeyeria tibialis Harris.
Macron Lake, B.C. (C dell. Green).
(Very local.)
Eihmia monticola Wlshm.
Chase, B.C.  (W. B. Anderson).
(New to British Columbia.)
Amorbia euneana Wlshm.
Saanichton, B.C.  (.1.  Wise).
(Somewhat local.)
Melitara tlcntata Grt.
Nicola Lake, B.C.  (E. R. Buckell).
(New to British Columbia.)
Vaeaeia victoriana Busck.
Victoria. B.C.  (10. II. Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Agnonopteryx blaikmori Busck.
(Male co-type.)
Victoria, B.C.  (10. II. Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Eucosma tcrrot o< tana Wlshm.
Saanichton, B.C.   (.T. G. Colville).
(New to British Columbia.)
Eucosma ttisclla eiitiilleatta Kearfl.
Victoria, B.C.  (W. R. Carter).
(New to British Columbia.)
Argyroploce eapi-eaua Hbn.
Fraser .Mills. B.C.  (L. 10. Marmont).
(Uncommon.)
Eucosma lolana Kearft.
Chilcotin. B.C.  (10. R. Buckell).
(New lo British Columbia.) PLATE  VI.
£&*->?<#
1
- •••
-.
wi
4
:?
4i'M"
w"f-
c    p    i
^P|Vr  —
13 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
0 33
Mr. Hanham have taken it there occasionally during the past few years, but this season, for
some unknown reason, it was more plentiful, Mr. Day taking four specimens and Mr. Hanham
about seven or eight.    It was described from the State of AVashington in 1881.
Geometridw (Plate VI.).
*Xanthorhce incursata race harveyata Cassino & Swett. This new race was described from
specimens taken by the late Captain R. V. Harvey on July 2nd, 1904, at Vancouver, probably on
Grouse Mountain. The types are in good condition, but the paratypes are rather worn. It is
closely related to lagganata Swett.
*Xanthorlice ramaria race delectaria Cassino & Swett. Described from a short series in
rather poor condition taken by E. M. Anderson at Atlin on various dates in June, 1914. It is
superficially like the incursata group, but the genitalia prove it to be unrelated and show it to
belong to ramaria, which was described from Labrador.
"•Xanthorhoe aquilonaria Cassino & Swett. This new species was taken by E. M. Anderson
at Atlin in June, 1914. A few of the specimens (including the types) are in good condition, but
the majority are rather rubbed. The species is closely allied to congregata Wlk. and trilineata
Warr., both of which are North American races of the European abrasaria H.S. Slides have
been made of the genitalia, which show it to be related to the above three forms, but enough
differences are noted to warrant specific distinction. More recently I have seen specimeus
referable to this species, which were taken on Mount McLean by Messrs. Day and Hanham.
*Eupithecia cenataria Cassino & Swett. This new species was described from a number of
specimens taken " at light" by the writer at Goldstream in September, 1920. The specimens
were in a somewhat rubbed condition, as it was rather late in the season for them. I have
found out since that the species emerges about the last week in July. In 1921 I took two or
three in fine condition during that period. Mr. Marmont also took a specimen at Maillardville
on July 28th of this year. This is the same species that has been recorded from Wellington
under the name of unicolor Hulst., but thelatter, although having the same general appearance,
is a larger insect. Unicolor was described (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc, Vol. 23, page 271, 1896) from
specimens taken in California and Colorado.
*E-upithecia scabrogata form gilvipennata Cassino & Swett. Described from a single male
specimen taken by Mr. T. Bryant at AVellington on May 9th, 1902. This form differs from typical
scabrogata Pears, by having the entire central portion of the primaries a deep yellow instead of
a dark fuscous.    A figure of scabrogata was given on Plate IV., Report,. Prov. Mus., 1921.
4423. Itame denticulodes Hulst. The specimen illustrated was taken by Mr. T. A. Moilliet
at Vavenby on June 28th, 1922. This is a rather uncommon species in this Province. I have a
specimen taken by- the late Captain Harvey on July 22nd, 1908, at Similkameen, and it has been
recorded from Kaslo (Cockle).    I do not know of any other records.
Pyralidw (Phycitinw)  (Plate VI.).
5694. Melitara dentata Grt. This is a good capture and is in fine condition. It was taken
by Mr. E. R. Buckell at Nicola Lake on August 29th, 1922. I have only seen one other specimen,
and that was taken by Mr. A. W. Phair at Lillooet on August 30th, 1910. The species was
originally described from Colorado.
Oleophoridm.
*Agonopteryx blackmori Busck. Described from specimens bred by the writer from larvae
feeding upon broom. The date of the bred species is July 12th, 1918. Since then I have taken
it commonly at the end of August and all through September wherever broom is growing. In a
recent letter from Mr. Edward Meyrick, of Marlborough, Eng., who is a world authority on this
group, he states his belief that this species is conspecific with the European costosa Haw. If this
proves correct, blackmori will become a synonym of costosa, but will become a new record for
North America.
Ethmiidw.
6624. Ethmia monticola Wlshm. This fine specimen was taken by Mr. W. B. Anderson at
Chase on May 27th, 1918, and is a new record for the Province. It is a beautiful species, being
dove-grey in colour with a few fine black markings on the primaries; the abdomen is a bright
golden-yellow.    The species was described from Colorado by Lord Walsingham in 1880.
3 O 34 British Columbia.
Mgeriidw.
6654. fflgeria tibialis Harris. This interesting clearwing was taken by Mr. C de Blois Green
at Marron Lake in July of this year. Several specimens wTere taken, but as Mr. Green did not
have the proper means of killing them at hand, they were, with the exception of the one figured,
in rather poor condition. We are very pleased to have this species, as although it has never
been listed in any of our local lists, Mr. Wm. Beutenmuller, in his " Monograph of the Sesiidae
of North America," published in 1901, gives, amongst other places, British Columbia and Vancouver as localities for this species. It has been taken in the New England States, Colorado,
and California. The illustration is that of the female; the male is somewhat smaller, averaging
5 mm. less in alar expanse, and is not so robust.. The larvae bore into the trunks of willow and
poplar.    Mr. Green found the empty pupal cases on " cottonwood," probably Populus trichocarpa.
Eucosmidw. »
6818. Argyroploce capreana Hub. The specimen illustrated was taken by Mr. Marmont at
Maillardville on July 7th, 1922. It is not a common insect by any means, as it only occurs
sparingly in any given district. Captain J. Wise took a single specimen at Saanichton on
July 1st. Mr. Cockle has taken a few specimens at Kaslo and Mr. T. Bryant has three specimens
in his collection taken at Wellington. These latter are labelled frigidana Pack., but they are
undoubtedly capreana. I have also seen a poor specimen from Lillooet (Phair) which is referable to this species.   It is a European insect and feeds on Salix sp.
6959. Eucosma lolana Kearf. This interesting species was taken by Mr. E. R. Buckell at
Chilcotin on July 16th, 1921, and is a new addition to our list. It was described (Trans. Am.
Ent Soc, Vol. 33, page 31, 1907) from two specimens taken at Colorado.
6965. Eucosma terrococtana Wlshm. A long series of this very pretty little micro, which
is new to the Province, was taken by the Hon. J. G. Colville at Saanichton during June and
July of this year. It was beaten from arbutus trees exclusively, and it is very probable that this
is its food-plant Mr. W. B. Anderson also took four specimens of this species at Powell River
on July 14th. These were beaten from Arctostaphylos tomentosa. Terrococtana was described
in 1879 by Lord Walsingham from specimens taken in California.
6986a. Eucosma nisella form criddleana Kearf. A long series of both nisella and the form
criddleana was taken by Mr. W. R. Carter at Arictoria on various dates during July of this year.
The species is very variable; in colour it ranges from whitish-grey to cinereous-grey, with
scattered black scales; "in some specimens there is a red-brown, somewhat triangular blotch on
the inner margin of the primaries; in others the basal area is solid black; this latter is the
form criddleana. The typical form is common in England and Ireland and also occurs in Central
Europe. The larvae feed in catkins and on leaves of poplar and willow. Criddleana was
described (Can. Ent,, Arol. 39, page 58, 1907) as a distinct, species from specimens taken at
Aweme, Man. (Criddle), and Rounthwaite, Man. (Marmont). It was placed by Kearfott in
the genus Proteopteryx Wlshm., but it has recently been removed from there and placed as a
form of nisella by Mr. Carl Heinrich.
Tortricidw.
7285. Amorbia cuncana Wlshm. Captain J. AVise took a long series of this species in fine
condition at Saanichton from June 19th to July 2nd. This is the largest of our tortricids, the
male averaging 32 mm., while the female measures 3S mm. when expanded. We are pleased to
have this nice series, as we have previously only had a few odd specimens taken at Quamichan
Lake (Hanham) and Wellington (Bryant). Mr. W. B. Anderson also took four male specimens
at Powell River on July 14th. The females are very much scarcer than the males, the latter
preponderating in the proportion of seven to one. The larvae feed upon the leaves of arbutus
(Arbutus Menziesii).
*Caccecia victoriana Busck. This species was described from three specimens taken by the
writer at Victoria and Goldstream in July, 1920. I have since taken two more specimens, one
on June 23rd and the other on June 30th, 1921, and as these are in better condition than the
type series I am using one of them for illustration.
Peronea variegana Schiff. This is the first published record of this common European species
having been taken in North America. A single specimen was taken by Mr. A. Meugens at
Victoria on July 20th, 1920.   This stood as unique in my collection until this fall, when I took '
 —
13 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Eeport.
O 35
a nice series in my own garden during the second week of September. Mr. W. R. Carter also
took a number of specimens at Esquimalt about the same time. It is a very variable insect,
but the variation seems to run along two distinct lines. In the one form the outer area of the
primaries is a dark slate and the inner area a clear pure cream; in the other the outer half is
a reddish-brown, while the basal area is a chalky-white, with a small dark triangular blotch
with its base resting on the inner margin. Meyrick (Hdbk. Brit. Lepid., 1895) gives its food-
plant as hawthorn, blackthorn, rose, etc.
Adelidw.
8448. Nemotois bellela Wlk. This new record was taken by Mr. T. A. Moilliet at Vavenby
on May 2Sth, 1922. Only one specimen was taken, but that was in a beautifully fresh condition.
It is rather a handsome insect, especially when viewed under a lens. The ground colour of the
primaries is yellow, which is mostly obscured by overlying dark-brown scales which heavily
outline the entire margin of the wing as well as the veins, thus giving it a general dark-brown
effect. The narrow transverse band is bright yellow, bordered on both sides by light-blue scales.
The secondaries are dark brown and when viewed in certain lights the whole insect has a strong
purplish reflection.
The genus Nemotois Hub. is rather a large one, containing as it does something over eighty
species, most of which occur in Europe, India, and Japan; bellela, however, being the only
North American representative. The species was described by Walker in 1803 and the only
locality then given was " Canada."
Notes and Corrections.
In the Entomological News for July, 1922 (Vol. 33, page 211), there is an article by Dr. A. W.
Lindsey entitled " Notes on the Distribution and Synonymy of some Species of Pterophoridae."
The greater part of the " notes on distribution " deal with British Columbia specimens sent
by me to Dr. Lindsey for determination, and are included in my paper on " The Pterophoridae
of British Columbia," which appeared in the Ann: Kept, Prov. Museum, 1921, page 34 et seq.
Included in Dr. Lindsey's paper are " Notes on the Synonymy" communicated to him by
Mr. Edward Meyrick, of Marlborough, Eng.
As two of the species mentioned occur in British Columbia, it is thought advisable to refer
to them here, as corrections to my paper, noted above. Mr. Meyrick expresses the belief that
Platyptilia shastw Wlshm. and fragilis Wlshm. are synonyms of albida AVlshm. In this view
Dr. Lindsey concurs, and the name albida Wlshm. should be substituted for fragilis on page 38
of the Ann. Rep., Prov. Mus., 1921.
Further, Mr. Meyrick says: " Orneodes (Alucita) montana Ckrll. is in my opinion a synonym
of huebneri Wall. (Europe, throughout Africa and Kashmir)." In his letter to Dr. Lindsey he
also discusses the characters which lead him to this conclusion. As Mr. Meyrick is a world-wide
authority on this group, it would be idle to dispute his dictum on the matter, and it would be
well to substitute huebneri Wall, for montana Ckrll. on page 45, I.e.
In a letter received' some time ago from Dr. J. McDunnough, of Ottawa, he states that
specimens sent by me for the Canadian National Collection are not Oidwmatophorus corvus
B. & L. as labelled, but are the closely allied species stramineus Wals. Dr. McDunnough has
pmade a slide of the male genitalia, which conclusively proves this fact. The specimens in
question were taken by me at Goldstream in July, 1920. This locality, together with that of
Fraser Mills, must be removed from the list of localities given under corvus and placed under
stramineus (see page 43, I.e.). Corvus, which occurs in the eastern portion of the Province, is
a somewhat larger insect and has a much smokier appearance than stramineus.
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
Trinted by William H.  Ctjllin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1923.

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