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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1930 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1932

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REPORT
OF   THE
PKOvnsrciAL museum
OP
NATURAL   HISTORY
FOR THE YEAR 1930
printed by
authority op the legislative assembly.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Chaeles P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1931.  To His Honour James Alexander Macdonald,
Administrator of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum
of Natural History for the year 1930.
SAMUEL LYNESS HOWE,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., March 26th, 1931. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., March 26th, 1931.
The Honourable S. L. Howe,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural History, to lay
before you the Report for the year ended December 31st, 1930, covering the activities of the
Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FRANCIS KERMODE,
Director. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Staff of the Museum    6
Object    7
Admission ,,     7
Visitors '.     7
Activities     7
Anthropology and Archaeology 8, 15, 17
Palseontology 15, 18
Botany 11, 16, 19
Amphibians  19
Ichthyology 16, 19
Entomology 14, 19
Marine Zoology 16, 20
Ornithology 16, 20
Oology   22
Mammalogy 17, 22
Publications received from other Museums  23
Accessions  17 DEPARTMENT of the PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
The Honourable S. L. Howe, Minister.
P. de Noe Walker, Deputy Minister.
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
Staff:
Francis Kermode, Director.
William A. Newcombe, Assistant Biologist. Nancy Stark, Recorder.
John F. Clarke, Associate Curator of Entomology.
Frank J. Risser, Attendant. PLATE I.  REPORT of the
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
FOR THE YEAR 1930.
By Francis Kermode, Director.
OBJECTS.
(a.) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(6.)  To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province.
(c.) To  obtain information respecting the natural sciences,  relating particularly  to  the
natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
ADMISSION.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. (except New Year's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on
Sunday afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
VISITORS.
The following figures show the difference between those who registered and those who were
checked by the attendants.  While only 28,920 people registered, the total of the check was 56,739.
Registered. Checked.
January     1,125 2,351
February      1,086 2,301
March     1,075 2,295
April     1,164 2,446
May     1,846 3,733
June      3,008 5,725
July       6,770 12,796
August      6,978 13,043
September      3,096 6,059
October       1,122 2,322
November         924 2,059
December   '.       726 1,609
Totals  28,920 56,739
ACTIVITIES.
In comparing our attendance records with those of the previous year a slight decrease will
be noted, which is accounted for by the decided decline in the number of tourists visiting
Victoria in the summer of 1930; the balance of the year comparing very favourably with that
of recent years.
However, I am pleased to say the same interest or even more is taken by students.
Normal School continues to use the collections extensively in their natural-history studies, and
many of the teachers of the public and private schools in Victoria and surrounding municipalities have made use of the Museum when giving lessons on the Fauna and Flora of British
Columbia. Many of the boys of the " newsboy excursions " to Victoria from the Mainland and
Puget Sound cities also appeared to find a great deal to interest them in the Museum, as did
the students of the University of Oregon Summer School, who again visited us on their way to
Alaska.
Although no field parties were sent out, our accession lists show many valuable additions
to the collections, for which I have to thank our many contributors not only for their donations, but also for a great deal of valuable information.
The Director made a special trip north during August and arranged with Mr. Monroe,
Government Agent at Prince Rupert, to have the late Dr. Hyde's anthropological collection
shipped to Victoria for examination and preservation until such time as final disposition is made
of the estate. Correspondence with nature students in many parts of the Province has increased steadily,
which with that to other natural-history institutions occupies a great deal of the time of our
small staff.
Owing to the many inquiries we receive for information on the totem poles of the Province
a short paper is included in the report. The authority for the information is taken from
references in " Logs and Journals of the early fur-traders " on the Coast, and from that to be
noted in the first photographs of the various villages, together with the observations made by
the author at many of the old village-sites. The illustrations showing where possible Provincial
Museum specimens in their original settings are, unless otherwise stated, from photographs
taken by the late Dr. C. F. Newcombe, who collected the greater portion of the Museum's
anthropological material.
Professor Harold St. John, formerly of State College of AVashington, at present with the
Botanical Department of the University of Hawaii, Honolulu, who for many years has been
of great assistance to us with our botanical problems, has contributed a paper on the genus
Olsynium of the Iris family, in which he includes a species new to Canada collected by
W. B. Anderson.
In conclusion, I want to express my sincere thanks to Mr. J. F. Clarke for the special visit
he made to Victoria to assist us with our entomological material and to the scientists of many
institutions to whom we have had occasion to send specimens for determination.
On occasions it having been found necessary to have extra guards placed in the building,
I wish to express my thanks to Inspector Parsons, of the British Columbia Police, for placing
men at our disposal.
BRITISH COLUMBIA TOTEM POLES.
By W. A. Newcombe.
The Provincial Museum collection of totem poles represents types from all the linguistic
groups of British Columbia Indians, with the exception of a specimen from the Tsimshian. The
carvings known as "totem poles" were made from solid logs of red cedar (Thuya plicata),
with the carved surfaces painted in native colours, chiefly red, black, and green in the older
specimens; the balance of the post showing no other treatment than the necessary adzing to
trim off rough surfaces; though many of the northern poles were hollowed at the back to make
them easier to handle.
Totem poles have been grouped into the following classes: " The Memorial," a crest pole
erected by the heirs of the deceased; the chief type of the Tsimshian. Among the Haida,
though they had many of this kind, the " house frontal " poles were found in greater numbers;
the carvings either denoting crests or characters in stories. A hole about 2 by 3 feet was
often made at the base which served as the only entrance to the house. A Haida custom was
also the use of " Mortuary poles "; these were solid logs sometimes over 4 feet in diameter,
about 30 feet high. At the top, in front, a section was removed to receive the coffin. Wide
horizontal boards, often carved, were fastened over this opening. Crests of the deceased were
the carvings represented. A fourth group, the carved inside house supports; these, together
with various forms of grave figures (often called totem poles), were formerly used over a much
greater area than the memorial and house frontal poles.
The inside-house poles were found in most of the Coast villages from Victoria, B.C., to Lynn
Canal, Alaska. In the north many were elaborately carved with the crests of the owner, or
occasionally illustrated legends. Among the Kwakiutl they were heraldic, referring to the traditions of the house-owner; those of the Salish and Nootkan, if carved at all, represented an
event that had happened to the owner.
The grave figures have been noted from Washington State to the Yukon, those used by the
Interior Salish and Den& as well as the Coast Salish generally taking a human form; though
among the northern coast tribes large carvings of animals or birds served the same purpose.
We have no definite data on the origin of this peculiar custom of carving poles, but from
what little information we have been able to secure it appears to have spread both north and
south from the northern boundary of the British Columbia Coast. It is open to argument as to
whether the Haida or Nisrae (Nass River, Tsimshian) were the founders. Captain Bartlett,
who visited Langara Island, Q.C.I., in 1790. gives the first illustration of a " house frontal pole,"
though they had been reported here by one of Meares's captains (Captain Douglas) the year before. PLATE  II.
1?;
H
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/  PLATE  III.
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inside pole prom skidegate, Q.C.I.
I  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 9
A volume of Captain Cook's third voyage, 1778, has an illustration of a house interior at
Nootka, which gives our first record of an inside pole. For the antiquity of the custom of
making memorial columns and mortuary poles we have to rely on Indian tradition, an unsatisfactory method, as the North-west Indians appear to have had no reliable way of recording
time. Captain Marchand, in a French vessel, visited the north-west coast of Queen Charlotte
Islands in 1791, and one of his boat parties noted grave carvings on a small island in Parry
Passage. Captain Vancouver, who surveyed the mainland coast from Juan de Fuca Strait northward to Alaska, first came across what were apparently small totem poles in Johnson Channel,
not far from the present Ocean Falls, but one of the illustrations made in 1793, of Cheslakee's
village at the mouth of the Nimpkish, shows the majority of the houses with totemic designs
painted on the front. It has been stated as evidence that the Haida and other outlying tribes
did not have totem poles until after the advent of fur-trading on the coast, because no mention
of them is made in the various published works of these voyages; but it should be understood
that these captains, not knowing the waters and being afraid of Indian treachery, remained well
offshore, doing their trading under sail.
I have no doubt though that the iron secured by these natives in return for sea-otter skins
greatly reduced the cost of manufacturing poles, making it possible for the lesser chiefs and
the more wealthy individuals of the various villages to imitate the custom of their superiors.
Our first definite information on this point is found in a Roquefeuil entry of 1818, when visiting
Masset, where he states: " the houses were particularly remarkable for the monstrous and
colossal figures which decorate the houses of the principal inhabitants and the wide gaping
mouths of which serve as a door." A somewhat similar expression is used by Jonathan Green,
an American missionary, who visited Skidegate in 1829. The carving and erecting such a group
of poles would have been spread over a number of years, as the cost of one was not only its
manufacture and setting-up, but at each of the different stages of progress was accompanied
by various ceremonies, in the nature of " potlatches," which would have impoverished, for the
time being, not only the owner but all his immediate relatives as well, with the idea of making
a greater display of wealth than some rival for tribal honours.
If accepting this theory, one could safely say that the use of totem poles was a well-
established custom among the Haida by 1800.
Unfortunately we have no similar evidence to support the traditions of the Tsimshian. The
inhabitants of the islands adjacent to Banks Island, now known as the Kitkatlas, but formerly
as " Sebassas," were frequently visited by early traders, but no evidence of totem poles has
come to light for this area, in the logs and journals that have been published—the old Nisrae
(Nass) villages were situated above tidal waters of the Nass River, vessels trading with these
Indians having to anchor many miles from the nearest settlements. This tribe was considered
the wealthiest on the north-west coast on account of the great supply of " oolachan-oil " made
each year on the river. This oil was traded not only with the adjacent Coast tribes for canoes,
sea foods, etc., but also to the Skeena Tsimshian and Dene for moose and caribou hides,
vegetable foods, etc. Though I agree with the signs of affluence found in this locality, I am not
satisfied with the theory that the Nass Indians were the originators of the totem pole. The
only illustrated evidence we have both from here and the Skeena River villages is of quite
recent date. These photographs all show poles with carving similar to that found on their
masks and ceremonial objects, not the bold distinctive type, that the Haida only used on totems
and other objects to be seen at a distance, as if the Haida realized that the fine, detailed carving
which they used on the household utensils and ceremonial objects was not suitable for outside
work, being undistinguishable at a very short distance. This theory would lead one to consider
that the Tsimshian tribes had only recently adopted the large memorial pole, and that their
carvers had not developed a type of carving, in which the characters could be read on approaching the village, when the custom was abandoned.
I am often asked by visitors if the totem pole was used as an " idol." In the numerous
articles published on these objects, as well as many manuscript notes I have been able to read,
I can find no reference to any form of idolatry in connection with them.
The main object for the erecting of the various types of totem poles was for the display of
wealth with the idea of shaming a rival, or a memorial or mortuary pole in memory of a leading
member of the tribe. Little value appears to be placed on it after the passing of the generation
in which it was erected, if one judges by the condition of the poles in the old villages and the
number that have been used for firewood or other purposes about the village. C 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The accompanying illustrations are inserted with the hope that the foregoing article may be
made more intelligible. Where possible, I have used photographs showing the Provincial
Museum specimens in their original locations.    The descriptions being as follows:—
Plate I. Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, 1878. The photograph taken by Dr. G. M.
Dawson only takes in the eastern half of the village, but gives one a very good idea of the
appearance of an old Haida village. In the second house from the left, marked with a cross,
the inside poles (illustrated in Plate III.) supported the main beam of the gable-roof.
Plate II., Fig. 1. Tanu, Queen Charlotte Islands. The two poles on the right of the photo
are: House frontal; the next is a memorial pole, with the beaver crest at the base; and the
fourth a Haida mortuary pole (P.M. No. 1392), with an eagle sitting on top, thunder-bird on
the horizontal board coverings, and a beaver at the base.
Plate II., Fig. 2. Tanu, Queen Charlotte Islands. An eagle and whale monument of the
Haida (P.M. No. 1393).   The whale is about 16 feet long.
Plate III. A Haida " inside-house pole " (P.M. No. 1). This pole originally stood in Skidegate village, Queen Charlotte Islands. It represents some of the principal crests of a Skidegate
chief. The upper figure is a raven with two frogs hanging from its mouth, and below it is the
mythical mountain-hawk holding a whale in its talons.
Plate IV., Fig. 1.   Angidah, Nass River.
Plate IV., Fig. 2.   Kitladamix, Nass River.
These two cuts illustrate the old type of totem found among the Nisrae Tsimshian, whose
carvers, some authorities believe, were the founders of the custom.
Plate V. Tsawadi, Knight Inlet. From a photograph taken by R. Maynard in 1873. The
tall pole on the right of the picture is similar to P.M. Nos. 1859 and 1863; this is the original
type of pole of the Kwakiutl and the specimen shown was apparently old at the time of taking
the photograph. The inside pole supporting the house-beam shows the " thunder-bird," and the
"dsonoqua," the mythical "wild woman of the woods." (P.M. No. 1854), from Koskimo, V.I.,
supported a similar beam.
Note.—The elaborately carved and painted outside poles found among the Kwakiutl to-day
are a modern design.    Anthropologists first noting them at Alert Bay about 1890.
Plate VI. Tsawadi, Knight Inlet. Inside poles. Many of the older houses had two or
more carved poles supporting a timber upon which rested the central house-beam. The three
poles shown are P.M. Nos. 1860. 1861, 1862, with " dsonoqua " and bear carvings of the Kwakiutl.
Plate VII., Fig. 1. Sarita, Barkley Sound. A Nootkan "inside-house pole" (P.M. No.
2105).    This was the only form of totem pole commonly used by the Nootkan.
Plate VII., Fig. 2. Ohiat, Barkley Sound. These two potlatch figures known as " welcome
poles " (P.M. Nos. 2102 and 2103) are the only two large specimens I have information on in
my Nootkan records, though small carvings like these were commonly used by the Kwakiutl.
Plate VIII. Talio, South Bentinck Arm. A Bella Coola Salish "house frontal pole" (P.M.
No. 2308).
Plate IX., Fig. 1. Talio, South Bentinck Arm. Two house frontal poles will be noticed
with the high arch at their base, which served as the main entrance to the house. The pole
on the right is now P.M. No. 2308. I have only records of similar poles from Bella Coola Salish
and the Northern Kwakiutl villages of Bella Bella and Owikeno. The houses on posts should
also be noted. The first reference we have to this village with houses on " stilts " was made
by Lieutenant Johnstone, in command of one of Captain Vancouver's boat parties, in 1793. This
form of building was often resorted to in the area where houses were built on river estuaries,
as these situations are subject to freshets and occasionally a form of " tidal wave."
Plate IX., Fig. 2. Salish inside-house poles (P.M. No. 2355). Few Salish houses had
carved house-poles. The greatest number have been recorded from Comox, V.I., and Musquiam,
at the mouth of the Fraser; only one or two pair were found in the Songhee village, Victoria,
and five in an old house at Quamichan (a modern house at the latter village has six). Comox
were the only Salish villages, according to the earliest information available, to have outside
totem poles; a custom they probably acquired from the Kwakiutl. The type of pole being similar
to that shown in Plate V.
Plate IX., Fig. 3. Ruby Creek, B.C. Grave figures such as these, often called " totem
poles," have been photographed in many localities in Southern British Columbia. PLATE  IV.
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FIG.   1.    TALIO,   SOUTH   BENTINCK   ARM.
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FIG. 2. SALISH
INSIDE  POLE.
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FIG. 3. GRAVE POSTS, RUBY CREEK  , REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 11
REDUCTION OF OLSYNIUM.
By Harold St. John.
(Contribution from the Botany Department of the State College of Washington, No. 32.)
Early spring brings to each region its own spectrum of gay flowers. One of the showiest of
the display in the Pacific North-west is the " Grass Widow," which dangles magenta cups from
the summit of its slender, swaying stems. They are so numerous that they survive and still
abound in spite of extensive picking. The writer first gained familiarity with these plants in
the " Palouse Country " while living at Pullman, Washington. He records these notes in order
to clarify their scientific name and classification and to record a northern extension into Canada.
The " Grass Widow " was discovered by David Douglas "Near the Great (Celilo) Falls of
the River Columbia." This is in the barren, rocky region near the Dalles, Oregon. He records,
on page 164 of his Journal, what is doubtless this species as "(26) Sisyrinchium sp.; annual;
8 inches to a foot high; on the summit of the low hills; plentiful; a white-flowered variety
is usually found with it."    It was probably collected on April 24th, 1826.
Later it was published as Sisyrinchium grandiflorum Dougl. in Lindley, Bot. Reg. 16:
pi. 1364, 1830. Because of an earlier S. grandiflorum, it was renamed S. Douglasii A. Dietr.,
Sp. PI. 2: 504, 1833. Then it was made a new genus, Olsynium grandiflorum (Dougl.) Raf.,
New Fl. Am. 1: 72, 1836. The American specialist, E. P. Bicknell, accepted this segregate genus
and made the combination O. douglasii Bickn. in the Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 27:
237, 1900. The genus Olsynium has been rather generally accepted in the west, though it was
rejected by Prof. J. K. Henry and by Dr. W. L. Jepson.
In 1923 a second species of this group was described, Olsynium- inflatum Suksd., Werdenda 1:
8, 1923, based on material from Spangle, Washington. None of the subsequent floras have
accepted this species.
Let us examine first the generic status of these plants. In the books of Piper, of Abrams,
of Rydberg, and of others who accept the generic split, Sisyrinchium is characterized by having
the filaments united to the top and the flower usually blue (rarely rose-purple, adds Rydberg) ;
while Olsynium has the filaments united only at the base and the flowers reddish-purple. For
the separation of genera these characters are weak and few. A similar segregate, Hydastylus,
is set off as it has the filaments united for more than half their length and the flowers yellow.
It is obvious that the colour of the flower has been given great weight. If the species could
always be definitely placed in either the yellow, the blue, or the reddish-purple group, and if
there were other important correlated characters, this basis would be satisfactory. However,
among the more than seventy species, there are a number with flower colours intermediate
between the blue and the reddish-purple. Also the degree of union of the filaments varies, and,
though morphological and a more important character, fails to furnish grounds for a satisfactory
division. Raflnesque asked but meagre grounds for his new genera. If Bicknell gave an adequate discussion of the supposed generic characters of Olsynium, the writer has failed to find
it during his search through Bicknell's papers in the Torrey Bulletin. The plant has the habit
of a Sisyrinchium and there seems no adequate reason for removing it from that genus. It was
retained in Sisyrinchium by J. G. Baker in his Systema Iridacearum, Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 16:
61. 1878; also in his Iridese in 1892. It has received the same placement in the two editions
of Engler and Prantl's Naturliche Pflanzenfamilien. Olsynium is then reduced to the synonomy
of Sisyrinchium.
Key Characters.
Filament tube with a slight gradual enlargement near the base; largest capsules 8.5-11 mm. long.
Perianth dark magenta purple.   Sisyrinchium Douglasii.
Filament tube sharply inflated near the base;  largest capsules 5-8 mm. long.
Perianth pinkish purple.    S. inflatum.
Perianth white.    S. inflatum, f. alba.
Sisyrinchium Douglasii A. Dietr., Sp. PI. 2:   504, 1833;  S. grandiflorum Dougl., Bot. Reg. 16:
t. 1364, 1830;  Olsynium grandiflorum (Dougl.) Raf., New Fl. Am. 1: 72, 1836;  O. douglasii
(A. Dietr.) Bickn., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27:  237, 1900.
The specific name grandiflorum is rejected here because it is a later homonym. At the
International Botanical Congress in England in 1930 it was agreed to amend the International
Rules in so far as to outlaw all later specific homonyms. C 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
In habit, stems, and foliage there are no good characters to separate this from the related
species. When grown together the flowers are strikingly different in colour, form, and size.
Mr. W. N. Suksdorf was kind enough to send living plants to the writer in the spring of 1924.
These plants of S. Douglasii from Western Klickitat County were flowered beside plants of
S. inflatum from Pullman. With the fresh material it was easy to verify the characters. So
strikingly different are they that no observer would think of them as the same species.
In the spring of 1929 the writer, while descending from Goldendale, Washington to Lyle,
along the spectacular gorge of the Klickitat River, for the first time saw the two species growing
together in the field. They were strikingly different and showed no signs of hybridizing or
merging. Poorly dried herbarium specimens lose most of the colour characters, and close up so
as to obscure the base of the filament tube. However, a careful student can soon learn to
determine even such unsatisfactory material. If the herbarium sheet is held up against a strong
light, and the flower studied with a hand-lens, the profile of the filament tube is usually visible.
Mr. Suksdorf in Werdenda 1: 7, 1923, pointed out a number of significant characters of this
plant, its somewhat larger flowers, and the narrower, half-open form of the corolla. The writer
has added only the fruit character. When all the capsules of the spathes are measured the two
sets of measurements overlap. It was noticed that from each spathe, regardless of the number
of flowers, the uppermost capsule was always the largest. When these alone were measured
a clear differentiation in size was obtained. This is mentioned in the key. It is not necessary
here to include a full description of the species, as the general features are well described in
many books, and the special distinctions are outlined in the present discussion and key.
The range of S. Douglasii is much smaller than is commonly supposed. It is nearly
restricted to the region west of the Cascade Mountains. It does enter through the Columbia
Gorge and swing up to the Upper Yakima Valley, as do Quereus Garryana and a number of
other " West Side " species.
Loans of specimens from several herbaria have greatly aided the completion of this study.
Grateful acknowledgments are extended to the curators of the following herbaria. Abbreviations are used in the enumeration of specimens to indicate the herbarium in which they are
preserved.
(B.C.) = Provincial Museum of Natural History, Victoria, British Columbia.
(Cal. )= University of California, Berkeley, California.
(Minn.) = University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
(Mo. ) = Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri.
(0.)= University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon.
(O.S.C.)= Oregon State Agricultural College, Corvallis, Oregon.
(U.S.) = United States National Herbarium, Washington, D.C.
(W.)= Washington State Museum. University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
(W.S.C.)= State College of Washington, Pullman, Washington.
British Columbia: Victoria, John Macoun 4388 (U.S.) ; Victoria, W. B. Anderson 8415 (B.C.).
Washington: Port Angeles, J. M. Grant 1 (U.S.) ; Sqwim, J. M. Grant (Minn.) ; Whidby
Island, N. L. Gardner (W.) ; Lyle, J. A. Drushel 3647 (Mo.) : Western Klickitat County, 1881.
W. N. Suksdorf (Cal.; U.S.) ; Bingen, W. N. Suksdorf 2818 (O.) ; Bingen, W. N. Suksdorf
11357 (Cal.; Mo.) : Warwick, St. John et at. 9803 (AV.S.C.) ; Klickitat, 1882, Thomas Howell
(O.) ;  Wenatchee Mountain, 1901, K. Whited (O.S.C).
Oregon: Wyeth, J. W. Thompson 4034 (Mo.; O.S.C): Hood River A7alley, 1880, L. F.
Henderson (O.) ; Hood River, L. F. Henderson 956 (O.S.C.) ; Hood River, H. D. Langille 68
(U.S.) ; Hood River, 1881, Howell (O.) ; Mosier, 1893, Howell (Cal.; O.) ; The Dalles, 1875,
Mrs. Wilson (Mo.; U.S.) ; The Dalles, 1886, C. Davidson (Mo.) : The Dalles, E. P. Sheldon
10058 (Minn.: O.: U.S.) ; Lexington, J. B. Leiberg 43 (U.S.) ; Monmouth, 1894, W. J. Spillman
(Minn.) ; Eight Dollar Mountain, near Selma, L. F. Henderson 5770 (Mo.) ; Grant's Pass, W. W.
Canby 12 (O.S.C.) ;  Eastern Oregon, 1880, J. Howell (O.).
California: Yreka, G. D. Butler 561 (Cal.) ;  hills, Modoc County, M. F. Gilman 581 (Cal.).
Sisyrinchium inflatum (Suksd.)   St. John, new combination;   Olsynium- inflatum Suksd., Werdenda 1: 8, 1923; O. grandiflorum of Piper & Beattie, Fl. S.E. Wash. 67, 1914, not of Raf.:
of Rydberg, Fl. Rocky Mts., ed. 1 and 2;  175, 1917 and 1922.
This recently described plant has smaller, paler flowers, with almost rotate segments. PLATE  X.
.*  *
^     X  PLATE XI.
1
	
XI
0
1 1
SCALE
50         100         150         200    MILES
M
0
50
100   150   200  250   300  KILOMETERS
1
THE  PACIFIC NORTH-WEST.
Stations for fUsyrinchium Douglasii, round dots ; for S. inflatum. trinagles.  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 13
From Yakima County, Washington, to the Willamette Valley, Oregon, and southward to
California, its range more or less coincides with that of S. Douglasii, but it crosses the Cascade
Mountains and ranges from Eastern British Columbia to Idaho and Utah.
British Columbia: Adams Lake, W. B. Anderson 7511 and 8416 (B.C.). This is the first
record of this species for Canada.
Washington: AVenatchee, K. Whited 58 (U.S.) ; AA^enatchee Mountains, J. S. Cotton 1184
(U.S.) ; Wenatchee Mountains, D. Griffiths and J. S. Cotton 133 (U.S.) ; Ellensburg, K. Whited
282 (U.S.) ; Yakima County, 1899, J. B. Flett (U.S.) ; Yakima region, T. S. Brandegee 458
(Mo.) ; Mount Rainier Forest Reserve, Camp 7, J. B. Flett 1113 (U.S.) ; Bluelight, H. St. John,
G. N. Jones, J. A. Moore, and F. Warren 9784 (AV.S.C.) ; Klickitat, 1878, T. J. Howell (Mo.) ;
observed at Clark, Wilbur, and Coulee City by H. St. John; Columbia River Valley, Stevens
County, M. B. Gabby, 30 (W.S.C.) ; Babitz Landing, Pend Oreille County, II. St. John, F. L.
Pickett, R. T. Davison, and F. A. Warren 7050 (AV.S.C.) ; Spokane, 1892, L. F. Henderson (AV.) ;
Spokane, 1893, J. H. Sandberg and J. B. Leiberg (Minn.) ; Spokane, 1916, H. von Schrenk (Mo.) ;
Browns Mountain, Spokane, 1925, R. Davison (AV.S.C.) ; Hangman Creek, J. H. Sandberg and
J. B. Leiberg 34 (Cal.; U.S.; W.S.C.) ; Spangle, W. Suksdorf 8507 (Cal.; Mo.; AV.S.C), the
type collection; Rock Lake, H. St. John, F. L. Pickett, and F. A. Warren 6869 (AV.S.C.) ; Bonnie
Lake, H. St. John, F. L. Pickett, and F. A. Warren 3194 (W.S.C.) ; Kamiak Butte, II. St. John
6064 (W.S.C.) ; Pullman, 1893, C. V. Piper (W.S.C.) ; 1893, F. L. Moore (AV.S.C) ; 1894, C. V.
Piper (Minn.; W.S.C.) ; 1895, L. J. Smith (AV.) ; 1896, B. L. Climer (AV.S.C.) ; A. D. E. Elmer
74 (Cal.; Minn.; Mo.; W.S.C.) ; 1897, E. P. Sheldon (AAr.S.C) ; 1899, B. Hunter (W.S.C.) ; R. Hunt
and A. Kimmel 63 (AV.S.C.) ; H. St. John 2989 (W.S.C.) ; 1926, H. Day (W.S.C.) ; C. S. Parker
340 (W.S.C.) ; Wawawai Canyon, C. S. Parker 378 (W.S.C) ; Anatone, II. St. John and
R. Palmer 9613 (W.S.C.) ; Pomeroy, 1921, W. D. Courtney (W.S.C.) ; AA'aitsburg, R. M. Horner
26 (U.S.) ; Washington Territory, Dr. Cooper (U.S.) ; Washington Territory, 1883, G. R. Vasey
(U.S.).
Idaho: South end of Lake Pend Oreille, 1891, J. B. Leiberg (O.) ; Coeur d'Alene, H. J. Rust
2 (U.S.) ; Post Falls, II. St. John, V. Gessell, G. N. Jones, L. Ridout. and E. W. Woods 4330
(W.S.C.) ; Worley, H. St. John et al. 4250 (W.S.C.) ; Kootenai County, 1887, J. H. Sandberg
181 (Minn.); Kootenai County, 1890, J. B. Leiberg (Minn; Mo.); Kootenai County, 1892,
J. B. Leiberg (O.) ; Moscow, 1894. L. F. Henderson (U.S.) ; Moscow, L. R. Abram-s 513 (Cal.;
Mo.) ; Lewiston, J. H. Sandberg, D. T. MacDougal, and A. A. Heller 100 (U.S.) ; Arrow Junction, 1922. R. H. Brown (W.S.C.) ; Lake Waha, 1884, J. B. Leiberg (O.) ; Nez Perces County,
J. H. Sandberg 10177 (Minn.) ;   Gath, G. Ainslie 16 (U.S.) ;   Caldwell, W. J. Boone (AV.S.C).
Oregon: Corvallis, 1916, L. M. George (O.S.C.) ; Benton County, M. Craig 8161 (O.S.C.) ;
Wimer, E. W. Hammond 370a (U.S.) ; Grant's Pass, P. E. Goddard 303 (Cal.) ; Evans Creek,
Jackson County, E. W. Hammond 370a (Mo.) ; summit of Siskiyou Mountains, Jackson County,
L. F. Henderson 12447 (O.) ; Selma, L. F. Henderson 7143 (O.) ; Swan Lake Valley, E. I. Apple-
gate 689 (U.S.) ; Keno, E. I. Applegate 2029 (U.S.) ; Fossil, L. F. Henderson 5093 (Mo.; O.) :
Meacham, 1927, H. A. Scullen (O.S.C) ; Hereford, 1928, W. Coble (O.S.C.) ; Sled Springs,
Wallowa Forest, J. T. Jardine 273 (U.S.) ; Union County, W. C. Gusick 47: Eastern Oregon
W. C. Cusick 1615 (Cal.; Minn.; Mo.; U.S.); Eastern Oregon, 1880, T. J. Howell (U.S.);
Jordan Valley, L. F. Henderson 6720 and 6721 (O.) ;   Jordan A^alley, O. Fretwell 2  (O.).
California: Harris, 1905, E. E. Tracy (Cal.) ; Yreka Hills, G. D. Butler 1123 (Cal.; Mo.;
U.S.) ; Yreka, E. L. Greene 694 (Mo.) ; Goose Lake Valley, Mrs. R. M. Austin 11 (Cal.) ; Goose
Lake Valley, Mrs. R. M. Austin 497 (U.S.) : Lake City Pass, 1894, Mrs. R. M. Austin (Cal.;
U.S.) ;  Fort Bidwell, Mrs. M. H. Manning 82 (Cal.;  U.S.) ;  Milford, 1890, M. S. Baker (Cal.).
Utah: Terminus, 1890, M. E. Jones (Cal.; Mo.; U.S.) ; Stockton, 1887, M. E. Jones (U.S.) ;
Utah, W. H. Seaman (U.S.).
Sisyrinchium inflatum (Suksd.)  St. John, forma alba St. John, new forma.
Floribus albis.    Differing from the species by having the flowers white.
Washington: Spokane, April, 1922, Mary E. Sampson (AAr.S.C) ; Glade Creek, 2 miles north
of Bluelight, Yakima County, April 12th, 1929, H. St. John, G. N. Jones, J. A. Moore, and
F. Warren 9785 (type in W.S.C).
Oregon: Blue Mountains, 1926, B. D. Hug, in part (O.S.C).
University of Hawaii: Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. C 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
ENTOMOLOGY.
By J. F. Clarke.
Acknowledgments.
We are greatly indebted for valuable assistance in determining our material to the following authorities of their respective groups: To Dr. McDunnough, National Museum of Canada,
Mr. Carl Heinrich and Mr. August Busck, of the U.S. National Museum, Lepidoptera;
Mr. R. A. Cushman and Grace Sandhouse, Hymenoptera; J. B. AArallis, of Winnipeg, Dytiscidaj
and Hydrophilidse; Dr. E. C. Van Dyke, University of California, Coleoptera; E. R. Buckell,
Arernon, B.C., Orthoptera; and to AV. Downes and AV. H. A. Preece, of the Dominion Entomological Branch, Victoria, for general information on many branches of entomology.
We also wish to express our sincere thanks to the many collectors for their welcome
contributions.
Progress.
This past year has again brought forth many species of interest; Mr. A. AV. A. Phair, who
has collected extensively in the Lillooet District, has sent in many rare specimens, some of
which are yet to be determined. It is sincerely hoped that he will continue to contribute
material from his locality.
Mr. Lallemand donated a number of specimens, chiefly Coleoptera from Lillooet, and
G. Stace Smith, of Copper Mountain; Mr. G. Larnder, North Vancouver; J. B. Wallis, AVinnipeg;
and T. P. O. Menzies, Vancouver, material new to our collection.
Among Mr. Phair's Lepidoptera there is one new record for the Province, Eucosma crambi-
tana AVlshm., which was collected at Lillooet. The specimen is larger than the average,
measuring 35 mm. in expanse.    (Plate XII., Fig. 2 (&)•)
In the Blackmore collection an undetermined species has stood for a number of years
labelled Epicallima sp.? This supposed Epicallima species has turned out to be the European
Mompha conturbatella Hiibner, which has not before been recorded from North America.
Mr. Busck writes, concerning the species: " This is a rare find and an interesting record; the
species occurs in Siberia and has clearly come that way—the larva? live in the spun shoots of
Epilobium angustifolium (flreweed)." It is rather surprising that more specimens of this
species have not turned up since flreweed is such a common plant in the Province. This species
was collected by L. E. Marmont at Fraser Mills, June 22nd, 1924. We owe our thanks to him
for this interesting record.    (Plate XII., Fig. 2 (a).)
Telphusa longifasciella Clem. (Mount Douglas Park, Arancouver Island, August 3rd, 1929,
J. F. Clarke) is apparently another new record for the Province.    (Plate XII., Fig. 2 (c).)
There are several other species which may also prove to be new to science, but we must
wait for publication of descriptions before we can list them.
Species described as New to Science.
Coleoptera.
Family Dytiscid^;.
Cwlambus columbianus Brown, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 4, p. 87, 1930. From specimens from
Copper Mountain, May to October (G. Stace Smith, collector).
Agabus smithi Brown, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 88-89, 1930. From specimens from
Copper Mountain, May to August (G. Stace Smith, collector).
Family Staphylinid^e.
Philonthus ovaliceps Fall, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 11, p. 253, 1930. Specimens recorded from
Terrace, B.C.
Family Rhipiphorid.e.
Rhipiphorus columbianus Brown, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 4, pp. 89-90, 1930. From specimens
from Lillooet, July.
Family ScarabtEid^e.
Apodius smithi Brown, Can. Ent., Vol, 62, No. 1, pp. 2-3, 1930. From specimens from
Copper Mountain, October, 1929, on snow (G. Stace Smith). PLATE XII.
%
Fig. 1. Triclioptilus pygmwus Walshm.     (Bee 1929 Report, page 13.)
(a.)
,!i.)
(<■•)
Pig. 2.   (d)   Mompha eonturoatclla Hiilmer ;   (/>)  TJueosma cramMtana Wlshm. ;
(c)  Telphusa longifasciella Clem.  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 15
Lepidoptera.
Family Noctuid^e.
Scotogramma oregonica var. eolumbica, McDunnough, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 8, pp. 181-182,
1930.    From specimens from Keremeos, July  (C. B. Garret, collector).
Hymenoptera.
Family Tenthridinid^e.
Selandria (Aneugmenus) urbis Ross, Can. Ent., Vol. 62, No. 8, pp. 186-187, 1930. Collected at
Vancouver, May to July, by H. H. Ross.
Note.—In a small series of Hymenoptera we sent Dr. R. A. Cushman, he found a new
species of Banchus and one of Echthrus, both of which he is planning to describe in the near
future.
CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONS TO THE CHECK-LIST OF
MACROLEPIDOPTERA FOR 1927.
Family PhaLjENID^e.
Subfamily Phalsenina?.
Genus Chlorizagrotis.
auxiliaris Grote.
soror Smith.
rf       introferens Grote.
form agrestis Grote.
mercenaria Grote.
form montanus Cook.
The above synonomy is the result of investigations made by Mr. William C Cook, of Boze-
man, Montana, during his study on cutworm moths.
Subfamily Hadeninas.
Dr. McDunnough has described a new form, Scotogramma oregonica form eolumbica, from
the Province.
ACCESSION NOTES.
By W. A. Newcombe.
Anthropology and Archaeology.
We were fortunate in securing interesting Dene material from F. C. Swannell, including
a rare bark-stripping implement, made from 1 caribou antler, with an incised circle and dot
design. Mr. C W. Moore, of Fort George, donated valuable specimens illustrating the mounting
of stone spear-heads, adzes, and scrapers. Mr. Devereux's specimen of a skin-fleshing implement from Pine River is better than anything we had of this type.
The face-mask presented by Mrs. P. Des Brisay was from Church House, a district from
which we previously had no anthropological material.
The ? bark-chopper from G. Olmstead, Saltspring Island, and the ? fish-knife from R. B.
Halhed, Chemainus (both specimens from middens), are types new to me. They are both
made of thick slate and have a hole shaped to fit the thumb when the implement is held so as
to draw towards the body.
Stone clubs from the Salish are also rare and Mr. Olmstead's donation made a valuable
addition to our fighting weapons.
The small dish of mica-schist from Mr. Godsal apparently belongs to the class of Salish
stone carvings, the use of which no definite explanation has been secured by archaeologists—
though the supposition is they were used in preparing charms or poisons.
Pal.eontology.
Capulus corrugatus Whiteaves. Mr. Gregson's specimen, though not an addition, is the
best example of this species that we have.
A. H. Marrion reported a new locality for glacial shells at Mill Bay, V.I., donating a cluster
of Sepula tubes similar to those found in the Sucia Island, Washington State, formation. C 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Botany.
Chamcecyparis nootkatensis (Lamb) Spach. (Yellow Cedar). Rev. Robert Connell found
this tree growing in the Sooke Canyon at about a 500-foot elevation, and which is, I believe, the
southern record for the species on Vancouver Island.
Quercus Garry ana Dougl. (Garry Oak). Northern records. Specimens of the tree from
Savary Island, north-east end of the Strait of Georgia, were sent in by Mr. S. Boys. They
extend the range of this species to approximately the 50° parallel. I was also pleased to see
that a number of specimens at Comox, the northern limit on Vancouver Island, are being
carefully guarded.
Lewisia rediviva Pursh. (Sandhill Rose). A valuable series of this lovely species was
secured from P. de Noe Walker, collected in the Kamloops District.
Nymphma tetragona Georgi. (White Water-lily). Specimens collected at Aleza Lake, Fort
George District, by B. G. Griffith, Forest Branch, are the first to be recorded in Canada west of
Ontario, according to Dr. M. O. Malte, National Herbarium, Ottawa.
Dentaria macrocarpa Nutt. (Toothwort). Collected by W. B. Anderson at Langley, made
an additional species in our Herbarium.
Prunus demissa Nutt. (Choke-cherry). Saltspring Island. Specimens were received from
Miss D. Margison.
Potentilla villosa Pall. (Cinquefoil). A particularly large specimen was sent in by G. Fraser
from Ucluelet.
Cattitriche palustris L. (Water Starwort). This addition to the Herbarium was found at
Whaletown, Cortes Island, by S. Boys.
Agoseris villosa Rydb. (False Dandelion). This species, new to our collection, was found
among valuable distributional material presented to the Museum by F. Perry, collected at
McGillivray Mountain, Lillooet District.
Ichthyology.
Brama rail Bloch. (Pomphret). Although this species is said to be fairly plentiful off the
coast, I have only come across it once—a specimen caught in deep water on a black-cod line
off Kaisun, Q.C.I., in 1903. Captain Balcom and Mr. Snow caught their specimens on trolling
lines near the surface.
Marine.
Mollusca.
Yoldia thraeiwformis Storer. This species, collected by Mr. Wailes off Yellow Point.
Nanaimo District, is the only addition to our B.C. Mollusca collection.
Approximately 5,000 specimens of Foreign Marine and fresh-water mollusca were donated
by Major and Mrs. Seale. Lack of space prohibits us from placing a series on exhibition, many
of the species being closely allied to those found in our fossil formations.
Crustacea.
Acantholithodes hispidus (Stimpson). Determined by Miss J. Hart. This specimen was
given to Mr. Kermode by Mr. P. H. Johnson, who had secured it from a halibut-boat, fishing
off the west coast of Queen Charlotte Islands.
Ornithology.
Philacte canagica (Sevast) (Emperor Goose). A wing of this rare British Columbia bird
was brought down from Estevan, V.I., by J. S. E. Meiss. Six of the species were noted by him
with a band of brant about December 1st, 1930. Our only other specimen was shot near
Chemainus, V.I., in 1894.
Skins of Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata (Pallas)) and Cassin's* Auklet
(Ptychoramphus aleuticus Pallas) from Rev. C J. Young made very welcome additions to our
study collection.
Though the interesting series donated by Mr. Cumming did not add species to the skin
collection, a number of the skins represented " seasonal plumages " new to us. Mr. Cumming
also gave us a series of Ancient Murrelet eggs with great colour variations. REPORT OF PROArINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 17
Mammals.
Marmota vancouverensis Swarth (Vancouver Island Marmot). Mr. Sjoberg's killing a
specimen at so low an elevation and so far south on the island was a great surprise; the
majority of specimens having been collected on mountains on the south side of Alberni Canal
and at the head of Cowichan Lake.
ACCESSIONS.
Anthropology and Archaeology.
Dene (Chilcotin).
Sap-scraper, bone, for gathering the sap of Pinus contorta, which was used as a food in
either a fresh or dried state.    Anahim Lake (F. Swannell).
Cinch-hook, made from horn, the type commonly used since the introduction of horses among
the Indians.   Nemaia Valley  (F. Swannell).
Basket, spruce-root, coiled weav« with imbricated designs of net and arrow point.   Chilcotin
District (F. Swannell).
Basket,    "pack   type,"   coiled   weave   with    "arrow-point"    design.    Chilcotin    District
(F. Swannell).
De"n4 (Carrier).
Snow-shoes, made by Frank Seymour.
Spear-head, adze, and skin-scraper, mounted on handles to illustrate their former use;   by
Frank Seymour.
Pestle, large specimen of mica-schist.
Note.—Frank Seymour is a very old Indian of the Fort George District and the specimens
were donated to the Museum by C W. Moore, of Fort George, on Mr. Swannell telling him of
our difficulties in securing Dene material.
The following Carrier specimens were secured from Mr. Swannell's private collection: Two
hand-hammers; one adze-head; four skin-scrapers; one sandstone disk, use?; fifteen arrowheads ; one knife, wooden handle; six birch-bark utensils; one piece of cedar-bark rope; one
pair of child's moccasins ;  one 'pair of beaded gloves ;  and one beaded leather revolver-holster.
D6n€ (Babine).
One needle or awl, bone.    Babine Lake (F. Swannell).
One bark-stripper, bone, with etched pattern of circle and dots.    Nadina River, Francois
Lake  (F. Swannell).
Dine" (Sikanni).
One spear-point.
One spoon of mountain-sheep horn.    Finlay River (F. Swannell).
One pair of moccasins, rough-tanned.   McLeod Lake (F. Swannell).
Dine (Beaver).
One skin-fleshing implement, moose tibia.    Pine River (T. Devereux).
One pouch, beaded leather.    Moberly Lake (F. Swannell).
One pair of moccasins, silk-thread designs.    Moberly Lake  (F. Swannell).
One pair of moccasin tongues, silk-thread designs (Mrs. AVm. Fleet Robertson).
Salish (Coast).
Stone sinkers.    Courtenay (A. B. Dundas) ;   Chemainus (R. B. Halhed).
Whetstones.    Kirby Creek, Sooke District  (H. Kirby) ;   Montague Harbour  (Mr. and Mrs.
Barrow) ;   Saltspring Island (J. T. Collins).
Skin-scrapers.    Sooke  (F. H. Davey) ;   Galiano Island  (Mr. and Mrs. Barrow) ;   Oak Bay
(Inspector T. Parsons).
Arrow and spear points.    Victoria  (R. Melville) ;   Galiano Island   (W. A. Newcombe and
Mr. and Mrs. Barrow) ;  Chemainus (R. B. Halhed) ;   Shawnigan Lake (F. Swannell).
Celts.    Chemainus (6)  (R. B. Halhed) ;  Kawkawa Lake, Hope, B.C. (J. A. Lindgren) ;  Mill
Bay, V.I. (G. D. Sprot) ;  A'ictoria (A. H. Maynard) ;   Shawnigan Lake (F. Swannell).
Fish-knife, slate.    Chemainus (R. B. Halhed).
2 C 18 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Bark-chopper, slate.    Saltspring Island  (G. Olmstead).
Dish, clamshell-shaped, stone.    Oak Bay, V.I.  (F. AV. Godsal).
Club, stone.    Saltspring Island (G. Olmstead).
Pestle, stone.    Tod Inlet, V.I. (AV. E. Losee).
Hammer, stone.    West Vancouver (C. Millard).
Pendant, stone.    Oak Bay, AM. (Inspector T. Parsons).
? Wedge, cast of.   Galiano Island (J. Shaw).
AAredge, elk-horn.    Chemainus  (R. B. Halhed).
Harpoon-barb, bone.    Chemainus (R. B. Halhed).
Bone points.    Chemainus (R. B. Halhed).
Needle or ram rod, made from an arrow-shaft.    Cowichan (Lieutenant G. T. Emmons).
Mask, wood, carved human face.    Church House (Mrs. P. Des Brisay).
Neck-band, ceremonial, cloth with beaded designs.    New AVestminster (purchased).
Leg-bones, human.    Lower Fraser River  (Miss A. P. John).
Salish (Thompson).
Paint, red ochre.    Lytton  (Lieutenant G. T. Emmons).
Nootkan.
Arrow-points (2), copper (purchased).
Basket and lid, rush and squaw-grass (Mrs. Wm. F. Robertson).
Kwakiutl.
Food, dried seaweed (purchased).
Bark-chopper, whalebone, with carved and painted design of a " Sisiutl" (donated by A. M.
Lyons, Port Hardy, per Colonel J. S. Tait).
? Bark-chopper,  whalebone,  carved  and painted  design  of  "Killer  Whale"   (donated  by
A. M. Lyons per Colonel J. S. Tait).
Figure, use?, of whalebone, carved and painted "Sun" face, and a "bear" on the body
(donated by A. M. Lyons per the Honourable S. L. Howe, Provincial Secretary).
Haida.
Canoe, model, with painted designs on bow and stern (purchased).
Paddles (2), with painted designs of "sea-lion" (purchased).
Totems (3), slate models (purchased).
Tsimshian.
Totem, wood model, made by Alfred, a Tsimshian chief (donated by C. W. Moore, of Fort
George).
Tlingit.
Basket and lid (Mrs. Wm. F. Robertson).
Miscellaneous Anthropology.
Trade beads, dug up in "middens."    Sooke River (Dr. Calvert).
Trade beads.    Hudson's Bay Co. (Mrs. AVm. F. Robertson).
Axe and handle, iron-welded, dug up.    Arictoria  (H. N. Graham).
Pipe, slate, with stem of cranberry, Cree Tribe (donated by T. A. McMahon).
Basket, birch-bark and rush.    Ontario (Rev. C. J. Young).
Anthropological negatives, British Columbia subjects (Harlan I. Smith).
Paleontology.
Cretaceous, etc.
Pseudomonotis ? subcircularis.   Ne-parle-pas Rapids, Peace River (F. C. Green, Surveyor-
General).
Capulus corrugatus.   Comox (J. G. Gregson).
Serpula sp. tubes.   Albert Head (Miss J. Hart). REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 19
? Ichthythaurus, bones.    Ottertail River (J. Pocock per F. Swannell).
? Equisetum sp. stems.    Comox (J. G. Gregson).
Wood.    Caribou Mountain (Topographical Survey per F. C. Green, Surveyor-General).
Glacial.
' Leda ? pernula Muller.    Cardium decoratum Grnk.
Macoma ?inquinata Deshayes and ? Astyris sp.    Mill Bay, V.I. (G. D. Sprot).
Serpula sp. tubes.    Mill Bay, V.I. (A. H. Marrion).
Post-Glacial.
Mya truncata L. and Saxicarva rugosa L.    Oak Bay District (H. Toms).
Botany.
Specimens were received from: Ucluelet, G. Fraser; Shirley District, Mrs. Clarke; Sooke
District, Lady Rosalind Northcote, Rev. Connell, Mrs. E. G. Spier; Colwood District, Pat
Martin; Victoria vicinity, H. Toms, Rasamond Turner, C. C. Pemberton, AV. Harvey; Vancouver
Island, east coast, Miss P. M. Sprot, H. K. Harrison, H. Rawlins; Strait of Georgia islands,
southern, Miss D. Margison, Mrs. Ruckle, G. D. Sprot; Strait of Georgia islands, northern,
J. Pool, S. Boys; Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound, Rev. C. J. Young, P. G. Pike; Masset,
Rev. C. J. Young; Vancouver District, H. E. Saddler, J. Hall; Kamloops District, T. H. Bond,
M. B. Jackson, P. de N. Walker, St. Ann's Academy, Kamloops; Big Bend, Columbia River,
F. Neaves; Lillooet District, F. Perry; Quesnel, J. C Bridgman; Aleza Lake, B. G. Griffith;
Fraser Lake, S. H. Ray.
A collection of mosses from Southern Arancouver Island from Mrs. H. Mackenzie.
Exhibit specimens of commercial woods, Dr. Barr, Forest Branch, Department of Lands.
Reptilia.
Garter-snake (young)  (Thamnophis o. ordinoides B. & G.).   Victoria (P. Moffit).
Garter-snake   (young)   (Thamnophis o. ordinoides B.  & G.).    Esquimalt District   (E.  A.
Cooke), December 4th.
Garter-snake (young)   (Thamnophis o. ordinoides B. &. G.).    Cowichan Lake, B.C.  (AV. H.
Moore).
Amphibia.
(6)  Pacific Coast Newt  (Triturus torosus (Ratlike)).    Cowichan Lake  (W. H. Moore).
Rusty Salamander (Aneides ferreus Cope).    Mount Douglas, V.I.  (AV. H. Moore).
Northwestern Toad (Bufo b. boreas B. & G.).    Cowichan Lake (W. H. Moore).
Pacific Tree-frog  (Hyla regilla  (B. & G.).    Mount Douglas, Ar.I.   (AV. A. Newcombe).
Oregon Red-legged Frog (Rana a. aurora B. & G.).    Cowichan Lake (W. H. Moore).
Note.—Mr. W. H. Moore also donated specimens of this group collected in Wisconsin and
Oregon.    Among those from the latter locality is a Fork-tailed Salamander.
Ichthyology.
Rat-fish  (Hydrolagus colliei (Lay & Bennett)).    Victoria  (Mrs. Lambert).
Pilchard  (young)   (Clupanodon cwruleus Girard).    Esquimalt  (E. A. Cooke).
Stickleback  (Gasterosteus cataphractus (Pallas)).    Cowichan Lake  (W. H. Moore).
Pomphret (Brama rail (Bloch)).    South end of Queen Charlotte Islands (Captain Balcom).
Pomphret (Brama raii (Bloch)).    Off Kyuquot Sound  (John Snow).
Prickly Bullhead  (Cottus asper. Richardson).    Cowichan Lake  (W. H. Moore).
Northern Sculpin (Oligocottus borealis Jordan & Snyder).    Victoria  (W. H. Moore).
Entomology.
Lepidoptera.
Specimens were received from: AV. D. Sheepwash, of Sooke; P. A. Havelaque, Tofino;
Mr. Inglis, Chemainus; Mrs. G. D. Sprot, Mill Bay, V.I.; J. B. Godfrey, Bamberton, V.I.;
B. Bikker, Saanich; H. Toms, Oak Bay; Dr. Price, Mrs. Dr. Dier, Mrs. Burnett, Mrs. E. H.
Blackmore, J. F. Clarke, F. Risser, Victoria; T. P. O. Menzies, A. AV. A. Phair, C F. Lallemand,
Lillooet District. Coleoptera.
T. P. O. Menzies, C F. Lallemand, Lillooet; G. Stace Smith, Copper Mountain; G. H.
Larnder, North Vancouver; G. V. Copley, Alexis Creek; W. Downes, Langley; J. B. Wallis,
AVestern Canada; Mrs. Frank and F. H. Mason, Oak Bay District; R. Swanson, Sooke Lake;
A. J. H. AVooten, South Saanich;   W. B. Gibson, Jr., Victoria.
General Entomology.
A. W. A. Phair, Lillooet; Mrs. E. G. Spier, Beecher Bay; Y. B. Harrison, Nanaimo; J. B.
Thompson, Victoria District; E. A. Cooke, Mrs. Godfrey Booth, Victoria; J. W. Mawle,
Metchosin;   E. R. Buckle, Okanagan.
Miscellaneous.
Hairworms  (Gordiacca sp.).    F. Ward, Malahat District, V.I.
Spiders.    E. Moyes, J. Stark, S. Watson, Victoria, B.C
Trapdoor Spider.    C. Bazett, California.
Marine.
Echinoderms.
Pteraster tesselatus Ives.    Victoria  (W. A. Newcombe).
Evasterias troschelii (Stimpson).    Victoria  (W. A. Newcombe).
Echinarachnius excentricus Esch.    Beaver Creek, V.I. (Edna G. Ford).
Echinarachnius excentricus Esch.    Albert Head, V.I.  (AV. A. Newcombe).
Mollusca.
Yoldia thraciceformis Storer.    Yellow Island, Nanaimo District (G. H. Wailes).
Pecten caurinus Gould.    Queen Charlotte Islands (AV. H. Dempster).
Mytilus califomianus Conrad.    Tofino, V.I.  (Rev. C. J. Young).
Mytilus edulis L.    Juan de Fuca Strait (AV. H. Moore).
Spisula alaskana Dall.    Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands (Rev. C. J. Young).
Olivella ? boetica Carp.    Savary Island (S. Boys).
Alectrion mendicus Gould.    Savary Island (S. Boys).
Acmwa pclta Esch.    Juan de Fuca Strait  (AV. H. Moore).
Acmwa scutum patina Esch.    Juan de Fuca Strait (AV. H. Moore).
Mopalia lignosa Gould.    Metchosin, V.I.  (Miss S. B. Moore).
5,000 specimens of Foreign Mollusca (Major and Mrs. Seale).
Crustacea.
Acantholithodes hispidus (Stimpson).    Off Queen Charlotte Islands  (P. H. Johnson).
Hemigrapsus nudus (Dana).    Mill Bay, V.I. (AV. H. Moore).
Pagurus gilli Benedict.    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Pagurus tcnuimanus Dana.   Victoria (AV. A. Newcombe).
Mitella polymerus Sowerby (Goose Barnacle).    Gordon Head, V.I. (J. D. Morgan).
Amphipoda sp.    Cowichan Bay (E. A. Cooke).
Miscellaneous.
Velella paciflca Esch. (the local Portuguese Man-of-war).   Kyuquot Sound (E. M. Haynes).
Melibe leonina Gld.    Cordova Bay, V.I. (A. Heathcote).
Melibe leonina Gld.    Saanich Inlet  (S. Whittaker).
Parasitic Worms from Sebastodes sp.    Cowichan Bay (E. A. Cooke).
Sponge sp.    Muir Creek, Sooke District (Mrs. G. D. Sprot).
Ornithology.
Horned Grebe (Colymbus auritus L.).    Jerico Beach, Point Grey (Rev. C J. Young).
Rhinoceros Auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata (Pallas)).    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound
(Rev. C. J. Young). REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1930. C 21
Cassin's Auklet (Pitychoramphus aleuticus (Pallas)).    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound
(Rev. C J. Young).
Marbled Murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus (Gmelin)).    Langara Island, Queen Charlotte Islands (R. A. Cumming).
Leach's Petrel  (Oceanodroma leueorhoa (Arieillot)).    Cox Island, Queen Charlotte Islands
(R. A. Cumming).
Cinnamon  Teal   (Querquedula cyanoptera Vieillot).    Lulu  Island,   Fraser  River   (R.  A.
Cumming).
Pintail  (Dafila acuta  (L.)).    Sea Island, Fraser River  (R. A. Cumming).
Ring-necked Duck (Marila collaris (Donovan)).    Lost Lake, Saanich District (purchased).
Ring-necked Duck (Marila collaris (Donovan)).    Esquimalt Lagoon (purchased).
American  Golden-eye   (albinistic)    (Clangula  clangula  americana Bonaparte).    Kamloops
District (E. H. Mackenzie).
Old-squaw (Harelda hyemalis (L.)).    Sea Island, Fraser River (R. A. Cumming).
Emperor Goose (wing of)   (Philacte canagica (Sevastianoff)).    Estevan, V.I. (J. S. Meiss).
Trumpeter Swan (Olor buccinator (Rich)).     Found shot at Northey Lake, Comox District,
by Mr. Endall.    Presented by T. Pearse.
Coot (Fulica americana Gmelin).    Lulu Island, Fraser River (Rev. C J. Young).
Long-billed Dowitcher   (Macorhamphus griseus scolopaceus   (Say)).    Lulu Island,  Fraser
River (R. A. Cumming).
Hudsonian Curlew (Numenius hudsonicus Latham).    Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands (R.A.
Cumming).
Black Oyster-catcher  (Hcematopus bachmani Audubon).    Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands
(R. A. Cumming).
Mountain Quail (Oreortyx picta confinis Anthony).    Malahat, V.I.  (purchased).
(2) Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus I. lagopus).    AVhite Horse, Y.T.  (purchased).
Western Red-tailed Hawk  (Buteo borealis calurus Cassin).      South Pender Island   (Mrs.
Crane).
Western Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo borealis calurus Cassin) Nanaimo District (Game Warden
J. W. Graham).
Screech Owl (Otus asio kennicotti (Elliot)).    Victoria (A. E. Pickford).
Screech Owl (Otus asio kennicotti (Elliot)).    Quatsino Sound (Mrs. C L. Bland).
Dusky Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus saturatus Ridgway).    Malahat, V.I. (purchased).
Snowy Owl (Nyctea nyctea (L.)).    Comox District (T. Pearse).
Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon (L.)).    Victoria (F. Popham).
Traill's Flycatcher (Empidonax t. trailli (Audubon).    South Vancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Queen Charlotte Jay  (Cyanocitta stelleri carlottw Osgood).      Rose Spit, Queen Charlotte
Islands.
Northwestern   Red-wing    (Agelaius   phccniceus   caurinus   Ridgway).    Vancouver   District
(R. A. Cumming).
Brewer's Blackbird  (Euphagus cyanoecphalus  (Wagler)).    Lulu Island  (R. A. Cumming).
(2) California  Purple  Finch   (Carpodacus  purpueus  californicus  Baird).    Duncan,   V.I.
(Game Warden Marshall).
California Purple Finch  (Carpodacus purpueus californicus Baird).    Surrey Centre  (Rev.
C. J. Young).
Nuttall's Sparrow  (Zonotrichia leucophrys nuttalli Ridgway).   South Vancouver  (R. A.
Cumming).
Golden-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia coronata Pallas).    South Arancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Timberline Sparrow  (Spizella taverneri Swarth & Brooks).    Atlin  (H. Swarth per B. W.
Everman).
Cedar AVaxwing (Bombycilla cedorum Arieillot).    South Vancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Northern Shrike (Lanius borealis Arieillot).    Vancouver  (R. A. dimming).
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireosylva olivacea (L.)).    South Vancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Pipit  (Anthus rubescens (Tunstall)).    Vancouver  (R. A. Cumming).
(3) Western  Robin   (Planesticus  migratorius  propinquus  Ridgway).    South   Arancouver
(R. A. Cumming). C 22 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Besides the above species, which were placed in the study collection, the following specimens were sent in for determination:—
Brewer's Blackbird from Port Harvey.    Collected by Provincial Constable G. H. Clark at
our request  (this bird having been reported as the Chinese Starling in the Alert Bay
District).
California Purple Finch, Victoria, by Miss E. Govett and G. Moraes.
Western Tanager, Saltspring Island, Miss W. E. Hillier.
California Yellow Warbler, South Saanich, A. R. Sherwood.
Pileolated Warbler, Victoria, E. A. Cooke.
Oology.
Tufted Puffin egg.    Bare Island, Clayoquot Sound  (Rev. C J. Young).
Two Tufted Puffin eggs.    Lucy Island, Queen Charlotte Islands (R. A. Cumming).
Six Rhinoceros Auklet eggs.    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound (Rev. C J. Young).
Cassin's Auklet egg.    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound (Rev. C. J. Young).
Sixteen Ancient Murrelet eggs.    Lucy Island, Queen Charlotte Islands  (R. A. Cummings).
Fork-tailed Petrel egg.    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound (Rev. C. J. Young).
Two Violet-green Cormorant eggs.    Lucy Island, Queen Charlotte Islands (R. A. Cumming).
Skylark egg.    South Saanich (Rev. C. J. Young).
Chipping Sparrow nest.    Victoria (A. Shotbolt).
Chipping Sparrow nest, ATictoria (H. Bowerman).
Warbler ? sp. nest and eggs.    Victoria (H. Bowerman).
Bush-tit nest and four eggs.    South Vancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Western Robin nest and one egg.    Oak Bay  (J. Syme and D. Chisholm).
Western Robin nest and eggs.   Alctoria (Francis Cullin).
Oology Foreign to B.C.
Ostrich egg.    Johannesburg, South Africa  (J. Dean).
Red-eyed Vireo, Nashville Warbler, and Ruby-throated Humming Bird nests.    U.S.A.  (Miss
D. Gordon Cox).
Ninety assorted British and American eggs (Chas. Parker).
Fifteen assorted British and American eggs (Rev. C. J. Young).
Mammalogy.
The following collection of small mammals donated by R. A. Cumming have been determined
by R. M. Anderson, Chief, Division of Biology, National Museum, Ottawa :—
Mountain Water Shrew (Sorex palustris navigator (Baird)).    Botanie Mountain.
Wandering Shrew (Sorex v. vagrans Baird).    Seymour Mountain.
Olympic Shrew (Sorex v. setosus Elliot).    South Vancouver.
(3) Columbian Chipmunk  (Eutamias amccnus affinis  (Allen)).    Botanie Mountain.
Mount Baker Chipmunk (Eutamias a. felix (Rhoads)).    Seymour Mountain.
Streator Red Squirrel (Sciurus hudsonicus streatori Allen).    Botanie Mountain.
(2) Cascades Chickaree (Sciurus douglasii cascadensis Allen).    South Vancouver.
Queen Charlotte Island White-footed Mouse   (Peromyscus maniculatus keeni   (Rhoads)).
Rose Spit, Queen Charlotte Islands.
(2)    Sagebrush   AVhite-footed   Mouse    (Peromyscus   m.   artcmisioz    (Rhoads)).    Botanie
Mountain.
(4) Puget  Sound White-footed Mouse   (Peromyscus m. austerus   (Baird)).    South  Vancouver.
Puget Sound White-footed Mouse (Peromyscus m. austerus (Baird)).     Seymour Mountain.
(2) Western Bushy-tailed Rat (Neotoma cinerea occidentalis (Baird)).    Botanie Mountain.
British Columbia Red-backed Mouse (Evotomys gapperi saturatus Rhoads).
(2) Gray Meadow Mouse (Microtus nanus canescens Bailey).    Botanie Mountain.
(2) Townsend Meadow Mouse  (Microtus townsendii (Bachman)).    Vancouver.
The following miscellaneous specimens under this heading were also received during 1930 :—
Queen Charlotte Black Bear skin   (Euarctos americanus carlottw  (Osgood))   (Mrs. Wm.
Fleet Robertson). Silver Fox (Vulpes alascensis abietorum (Merriam)) (Gilt Edge Fox Co. per D. M.
McDonald).
Hair-seal skull (Phoca r. richardii (Gray)).    Becher Bay (W. A. Newcombe).
Vancouver Island Marmot (Marmota vancouverensis Swarth). Jordan River, V.I., 1,360
feet elevation.    Presented by K. J. Sjoberg per D. I. Walker.
Mice (Peromyscus sp.).    Pine Island, Queen Charlotte Sound (Rev. C. J. Young).
Moose-horns (Alces a. americana (Clinton)). The skulls of two animals with the horns
locked.    Kiskatinaw River, Peace River District  (purchased from Louis Shopper).
Killer Whale skull (Orcinus rectipinna (Cope)). Found in a kitchen-midden, Fulford Harbour, by Mr. Akerman.    Presented by Rev. Father Scheelen.
Mammalogy Loans.
Eight mounted heads from Lieutenant-Commander and Mrs. Barnes, including: Two Black
Bear, Oyster River, V.I.; two Grizzly Bear, Cariboo District, B.C.; one Elk, Comox District,
B.C.; two Mule-deer, Moore Mountain, B.C.;   one Mountain-sheep, B.C. Interior.
The following mounted specimens from Dr. Troughton: One Mule-deer head, B.C. Interior;
one set Mule-deer horns, B.C. Interior; two Mountain-sheep heads, B.C. Interior.
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED FROM OTHER-INSTITUTIONS.
American Association of Museums, Washington, D.C  13
Art Historical & Scientific Society, Arancouver      3
Australian Museum, Sydney, Australia   11
Biological Board of Canada       5
Biological Society of Washington      2
Boston Society of Natural History      3
Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, England        1
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, Buffalo, N.Y       1
Bureau of Fisheries, Madras, India        1
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco        7
California State, Sacramento   10
Cambridge University Library        1
Cardiff Naturalists' Society        1
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa       1
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa       1
Chicago Academy of Sciences       4
Cleveland Museum of Natural History       8
Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, Colo       2
Dominion Government Publications   23
Field Museum of Natural History       8
Grand Rapids Public Library (Michigan)         1
Gray Herbarium, Harvard University, Mass      3
Illinois Natural History Survey       6
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, P.R       5
John Crerar Library, Chicago       1
Kansas Academy of Science, Manhattan, Kansas        1
Logan Museum, Beloit College, Wisconsin       1
Manchester Museum   4
Manx Museum and Ancient Monuments Trustees   2
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass  3
National Museum, Melbourne, Australia   1
Newark Museum Association. Newark, N.J  3
New York Botanical Garden        1
New York Zoological Society   3
Nova Scotian Institute of Science   1
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station   1
Carried forward  143 C 24 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Publications received from other Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward  143
Oxford University Press   5
Peabody Museum of Salem   2
Peabody Museum, Yale University   5
Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, Pa  9
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences   2
Public Museum, Milwaukee, AVis., U.S.A  2
Rochester Academy of Science, Rochester, N.Y  4
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto   1
Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh   1
San Diego Society of Natural History   22
Scripps Institution of Oceanography   5
Smithsonian Institution, AVashington   58
State College of AVashington, Pullman, Wash  7
Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences  5
U.S. Department of Agriculture   13
University of California, Berkeley   38
University of Minnesota, Agricultural Experiment Station   1
University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec   2
University of Oklahoma     3
University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario   5
University of AArashington, Seattle, AArash  3
Wagner Free Institute of Science, Philadelphia   4
Wales National Museum, Cardiff, Wales   1
Zoological Society of Philadelphia   2
Total  343
We are indebted to the following for pamphlets received during the year:   Dr. A. Svihla,
Harlan I. Smith, and Miss Eileen Whitehead Erlanson.
victoria, B.C. :
Printed by Chabi.es F. Banfield, Frinter to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1931.
1,825-531-4615 ERRATA.
Plate XI.: For subtitle, read: Stations for
Sisyrinchium Douglasii, triangles; for S. inflatum,
round dots.

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