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DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY ANNUAL REPORT OF THE MENTAL HOSPITALS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1923]

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 DEPARTMENT  OF  PEOVINCIAL  SECRETARY
ANNUAL  REPORT
OP  THE
MENTAL HOSPITALS
OF   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
FOR 12 MONTHS ENDING MARCH 31ST
1923
PRINTED   BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by Wii.iiam H. C-llin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1023.
  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol.
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Eeport of the
Medical Superintendent of the Mental Hospitals for the fiscal year ending March
31st, 1923.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office.
 TABLE OF CONTENTS.
PART l.—MEDICAL.
Page.
Officers and Staff, List of   7
Eeport—General Medical Superintendent  9
Report, Laboratory—Assistant Medical Superintendent and Pathologist  13
Report—Visiting Dentist  13
Statistical Tables—
1. Movement of Population during Year  14
2. Summary of Operations of Hospitals since Inception  10
3a. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, New Westminster   17
3b. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, Essondale   17
3c. Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths, Saanich   18
4. Civil State of Patients admitted   18
5. Religious Denominations of Patients   18
6. Educational Status of Patients  19
7. Nationality of Patients   19
S. Districts from which Patients were admitted  20
9. Occupation of Patients prior to Admission   21
10. Age of Patients on Admission  22
11. Number of Attacks at Time of Admission  22
12. Alleged Duration of Attack prior to Admission   22
13. Table of Heredity  23
14. Alleged Cause of Insanity in Patients admitted  23
15. State of Bodily Health of Patients admitted  23
16. Form of Mental Disorder in Patients admitted  24
17a. Probation, Number allowed out on, New Westminster  24
17b. Probation, Number allowed out on, Essondale  24
17c. Probation, Number allowed out on, Saanich  25
18a. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, New Westminster  25
18b. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Essondale  25
18c. Discharges, showing Alleged Duration of Insanity, Saanich   25
19a. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, New Westminster  20
19b. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and' Condition at Time of
Discharge, Essondale    23
19c. Discharges, showing Length of Residence in Hospital and Condition at Time of
Discharge, Saanich   20
20a. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, New Westminster  27
20b. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Essondale  28
20c. Deaths, Cause of, and Length of Time in Hospital, Saanich  29
21. Deportations, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich    29
PART II.—FINANCIAL.
Report—Bursar     30
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, New Westminster  31
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Essondale   32
Balance-sheet and Profit and Loss Account, Saanich  .33
Financial Tables—
A. Average Residence, Maintenance and Per Capita Cost since Inception * 34
B. )
p.      Analysis of Gross Per Capita Cost  35, 36
°-    .
q~L \ Yearly Gross Expenditure, Analysis of, since Inception  37, 38
 13 Geo. 5 Table of Contents. V
Financial Tables—Continued. Page.
D. Summary of Gross and Net Per Capita Cost in all Hospitals  39
E. "Expense and Revenue Statement, New Westminster  40
F. Expense and Revenue Statement, Essondale   43
G. Expense and Revenue Statement, Saanich   45
Revenue, Table of, since Inception   46
Report, Financial—Tailor's Department  47
Report, Financial—Shoemaker's Department   48
Production Tables—
Summary of Working-days, Patients, New Westminster   49
Summary of Working-days, Patients, Essondale  49
Articles made by Female Patients, New Westminster  50
Articles made for Essondale by New Westminster  50
Mending done for Female Patients, New Westminster  50
Mending done for Male Patients, New Westminster  50
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by Essondale  51
Supplies, New Westminster—
Supplies received from Home Farmer  51
Garden Produce  51
Supplies, Saanich—Production Table, Farm and Garden  52
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
Report—Farm  Superintendent    54
Report—Financial,  General—Bursar     55
Balance-sheet     56
Profit and Loss Account   57
Dairy and Herds Department—
Profit and Loss Account   58
Production and Costs Account  58
Milk Production and Cost  5S
Bull Department—
Profit and Loss Account   59
Service Account  59
Mature Cow Department—Profit and Loss Account   59
Young Cattle Department—Profit and Loss Account   CO
Young Cattle (Yearlings) Department—Profit and Loss Account  61
Stallion Department  61
Work-horse Department—
Sales and Deaths Account   61
Profit and Loss Account  Gl
Horse-labour Account  C2
Sheep Department—Profit and Loss Account  C2
Hog Department—
Profit and Loss Account   63
Supplies to New Westminster   64
Supplies to Essondale   64
Poultry Department—Profit and Loss Account  65
Cannery—Profit and Loss Account  65
Truck-garden and Nursery—Profit and Loss Account  60
Crop Department—Profit and Loss Account   66
Pasturage Account   69
Shrinkage and Rot   69
Tractor Account  69
Prize-money Account    69
Exhibition Expenses   69
Maintenance and Administration, General  70
Produce supplied to Essondale  70
 V 6                                                 Table of Contents. 1923
Page.
Produce supplied to New Westminster  71
Produce supplied to Boys' Industrial School  ,. 71
Accounts receivable    71
Notes receivable  71
Trees, Shrubs, etc., supplied to Public Schools and Institutions  71
Equipment  72
Inventories—
Cows  72
Young Cattle  74
Herd Bulls    75
Work-horses  75
Young Horses  76
Sheep  76
Poultry  76
Hogs .  :  77
Feed and Produce  78
Canned Goods ;  78
Nursery and Garden    78
 DEPARTMENT OF PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
Hon. J. D. MacLean, Provincial Secretary. J. L. White, Deputy Provincial Secretary.
OFFICERS AND STAFF, MENTAL HOSPITALS.
H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM., General Medical Superintendent.
OFFICERS AT NEW WESTMINSTER.
Medical Staff:
E. J. Ryan, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent.
T. W. McAllister, M.D., Assistant Physician. Gwendolyn Kellington, Analyst.
Clerical Staff:
Gowan S. Macgowan, Bursar. Thos. H. Cambridge, Receiving Cleric.
F. Gili.abd, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer.
J. F. O'Reilly, Steward. Violet Stead, Clinical Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. F. W. Auvache, Protestant. Rev. Father P. Conan, Roman Catholic.
Nursing Staff:
Miss M. Fillmore, Matron and Supervisor of Nurses. F. Spooner, Chief Attendant.
OFFICERS OF ESSONDALE AND COLONY FARM.
Medical Staff:
A. L. Crease, M.D., CM., Assistant Medical Superintendent and Pathologist.
L. E. Satjriol, M.D., Assistant Physician. E. C Benwei.l. M.D., Assistant Physician.
Clerical Staff:
Gowan S. Macgowan, Bursar. O. Fletcher, Chief Cleric. M. H. McCabe, Boole-keeper.
John Pumphrey, Steward. Ethel Gregg, Stenographer.
F. J. Fish, Clinical Clerk and Stenographer. I. H. Wedge, Clinical Stenographer.
Chaplains:
Rev. Mr. Turner, Protestant. Rev. Father Pare, Roman Catholic.
Nursing Staff:
Gilbert Mathewson, Chief Attendant. M. Doyle, Assistant Chief Attendant.
M. Fillmore, Matron and Supervisor of Nurses.
Colony Farm:
P. H. Moore, B.A., B.S.A., Farm Superintendent.
T. Weeks, Record Clerk. R. Gardner, Foreman.
OFFICERS OF MENTAL HOME, COLQUITZ.
George Hall, M.D., CM., Visiting Physician.
Granby Farrant, Managing Supervisor. Harry Hoult, Chief Attendant.
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 REPORT OF THE MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT
Fpr the Twelve Months ending March 31st, 1923.
PART I.—MEDICAL.
New Westminster, B.C., July 2nd, 1023.
The Honourable the Provincial Secretary,
Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
Sib,—I have the honour to submit herewith the Fifty-first Annual Report of the Mental
Hospitals of British Columbia for the fiscal year closing March 31st, 1923.
There were admitted during that period 438 new patients, a reduction of 40 from the previous
year's admissions, a factor which has helped us in controlling the net increase in population
resident in the Hospital and assisted very materially in solving our problems arising from the
crowded state of the Hospital. The following summary of Table A will assist you to more
rapidly comprehend the movements of patient population during the year:—
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
In Hospital at beginning of year	
On probation and still under supervision
New patients admitted  	
Total treated during the year .
Discharged during the year	
Died during the year	
In Hospital at close ot year  ..
1,184
49
296
405
44
142
1,649
93
438
1,529
651
2,180
204
103
146
30
350
133
307
176
483
1,222
1,697
Increase in population in residence at close of year, 48.
I wish especially to direct your attention to the fact that, exclusive of deaths, the discharges
represent 79.90 per cent, of the admissions, and that 20.27 per cent, of those discharged were
recovered. When it is borne in mind that our Hospital has to receive the feeble-minded as well
as the insane, I am satisfied that these figures will compare favourably with those of any similar
hospital. The Assistant Medical Superintendents and physicians have worked most diligently
to bring about these results.
I wish also to direct your attention especially to the number deported to other countries
(30), being 8.2 per cent, of the total admissions. This means that 8.2 per cent, of those found
insane during the year had not been in Canada five years, the legal period to establish domicile,
and adds material support to those so diligently trying to obtain better immigration examination
at the ports of entry to Canada. In the great majority of cases careful psychiatric examination
would have detected these cases and they would have been returned to their own countries
before becoming a financial burden to the taxpayer. The average time required to complete the
investigations and effect deportation of a patient is three months, or an actual cost to the public
for hospital care alone of approximately $100 per patient, or $3,600 spent last year for hospital
care of persons who should not have been in the Province. These facts should appeal to the
business-man and enlist his active support for the expenditure necessary to provide the proper
examinations and inquiries at the ports of entry and thus prevent the subsequent much larger
outlay.
Table No. 16, showing the types of mental cases met in those admitted, reveals nothing
distinctive from other years. As in former reports, the manic depressive (28.7 per cent.) and
dementia prajcox (23.5 per cent.) are the preponderant forms of psychosis met, and support the
argument for better control of heredity factors in mating and reproducing the race.    The number
 V 10 Mental Hospitals. 1923
of feeble-minded (6.7 per cent.) of admissions also strongly impresses this point, for it is a
fact that only a small proportion of the feeble-minded of the Province are brought to Hospital,
yet they have contributed a noticeable percentage of the total admissions. All other forms of
mental illness are represented in our patients, and in the study and classification of our cases
we follow the American Psychiatric Classification, but for purposes of our table have condensed
and grouped them under more general headings.
Medical Work.
Owing to the absence of Dr. McAllister on leave and his subsequent resignation our medical
staff has been undermanned during the latter months of the year. The work, however, has
been kept up in all its detail by the increased effort of the medical staff, who have given freely
of their own time and energy that nothing might be left undone to benefit and relieve our
patients.
Dr. Crease has carried forward the laboratory-work with the assistance of a single
technician, even with all the distracting interference entailed in his dual position. It is very
much to be regretted that we have not successfully interested energetic young medical men in
psychiatry in order that he could devote his entire time to pathology. It is impossible to make
use of much splendid post-mortem material and carry on our research-work, which would be of
great value, until more time is made available by increasing the staff to attend to the work
already in hand. We can neither obtain nor retain the services of efficient men unless they
are adequately remunerated, and I feel that this is a matter so important that it requires
immediate consideration and adjustment.
Dr. Ryan has assumed the additional duties incident to the operation of our new X-ray
plant, and I am very pleased indeed to report splendid work of great clinical value done in that
department during the year.
In addition, the general clinical work of the Hospital has been carried on with the assistance
of two physicians whose time is fully taken up with the detail work of physical and mental
examinations, dictating records, and directing treatment of the physically and mentally ill
assigned to their care. Additional medical staff is imperative to cope with our growing population and the expanding need to keep up efficient treatment.
The general health of the patient population has been good during the year. We have had
no epidemic of any disease and the death-rate, 6.1 per cent, though slightly higher than last
year, is still very creditable.
The nursing staff generally have done good work; accidents and injuries to patients have
been very few. One man at the Mental Home successfully evaded the night attendant and
committed suicide by hanging with his sheet. The Coroner investigated and the jury found
that there had not been any neglect or lack of reasonable care to prevent such an accident.
Dental work has been carried on, as in the past, by a visiting dentist, who devotes regular
time each month to the patients' dental requirements. The appended table shows the work
accomplished. The Hospital population has now become so large that it would be in the best
interests of the patients to have a dentist continually employed in prophylactic work. There
are many patients who will not take care of their mouths even when given every opportunity
and encouragement, and these cases must be frequently attended by the dentist.
Finances.
The appended tables set out fully the financial transactions of the Hospital during the year.
The total expended for maintenance, $554,245.66, represents a cost to the taxpayer, after deducting $88,295.53 collected on this account, of 76.28 cents per patient per day, a further reduction
over last year. This reduction has not been brought about by any neglect of upkeep of plant
or care of patients, but is largely due to better prices at which supplies and materials could be
obtained. The strictest care has been exercised in the quality of all articles used at the Hospital
and none that were in any way unsatisfactory were accepted. Careful consideration and economy
with efficiency have been the watchword in every department.
The total amount collected on account of maintenance is slightly in excess of last year.
Every effort has been made to collect maintenance wherever it could be done without material
injury and hardship to the relatives or persons responsible.
 13 Geo. 5 Superintendent's Eeport. V 11
The financial tables set out a great mass of detail and will indicate to you the care exercised
in this department. I wish to commend the work of the Bursar and his staff for their ever-
ready co-operation in the general work of the Hospital and their splendid assistance in every
respect.
Farm.
I am especially pleased to direct your attention to the report of the Farm Superintendent
and the detailed tables in connection with this department. A very satisfactory year's operations
have been carried on; the hospital has been supplied with produce and milk in ample quantities;
the herd has been increased and is in excellent health and been kept in excellent shape, and
reflects much credit upon Mr. Moore and the staff responsible for the work carried on. After
charging for patients' labour and including painting and repairs, which must be carried on
continuously, I am very pleased to draw your attention to a net profit of $300.75 in the operations
of the Farm Department.
Condition of Plant.
The mechanical staff have been continuously employed in repairs, replacements, and
renewals necessary to maintain the plant at a satisfactory level. Much of this work has been
smaller jobs, but of the utmost importance to the efficient and proper operation of the Hospital.
Of the larger work undertaken, I feel that one of the most important and beneficial undertakings
was the erection, equipping, and operation of a fruit and vegetable cannery. By it we have
been able to provide a splendid improvement in menu, save a great deal of loss to crops which
could not be cared for in any other way, and effect a very considerable saving for the Hospital.
The initial year's pack was so satisfactory that we propose extending our operations in this
direction very materially.
Other improvements of importance include an addition to root-houses, making a completed
root-storage 225 feet long by 36 feet in width, of cement block, with wooden roof. This building
has specially constructed ventilated bins, worked out and perfected by our staff, and have proven
to be most efficient in practical operation. The shrinkage of roots from rot has been very
materially reduced. An addition has been constructed to the calf-barn for the care of the newly
born and has afforded much relief in the department.
The patients' residence known as Farm Cottage has been put in good shape again by replacing wooden verandahs with concrete and remodelling a portion of the basement to suit modern
requirements. This building will receive the attention of the painters during the coming season
and will then be in good condition.
At Essondale very extensive grading and planting of grounds have been carried on and the
coming summer will find a very greatly extended and improved grounds at Essondale.
At the Public Hospital for Insane much repair-work has been carried out. The male admission ward was completely renovated and is now in quite as satisfactory condition as it is possible
to make an old building.
Other repairs and renewals have been carried forward steadily, but the effort to keep these
old buildings in repair is very great, and in spite of every possible care being taken they are
rapidly passing their usefulness as buildings for a Mental Hospital.
Our industrial occupations have been carried on to fullest capacity and much very valuable
work has been produced. The tailor-shop, shoe-shop, carpentry, etc., have all continued to
demonstrate their great value to the Hospital and even greater value to the patient. The
patient passes from the occupational therapy classes to the industrial occupations with an
increasing self-confidence and hope for the future, which is of inestimable value to his mental
health.
At the Mental Home, Saanich, a gradual but nevertheless complete metamorphosis has been
brought about and the grounds and buildings are now in excellent condition. A very great deal
has been accomplished even with the most difficult class of patient cared for there.
Recom mendations.
Under this heading I will confine myself to our most urgent problems. The greatest ot
these is finding accommodation and facilities for the proper classification of our ever-increasing
population. It is a most pressing need and I would strongly urge that the building programme
be pressed with all possible speed to meet this emergency.    It is  imperative  that further
 V 12 Mental Hospitals. 1923
consideration be given the question of suitable institutional care for the feeble-minded. The
present temporary building is filled to the last possible patient and a very considerable number
of these cases have now to be cared for in the general wards of the Hospital. This is a most
unsuitable arrangement and is decidedly undesirable in the best interests of both classes of
patient. There are at the present time 125 cases of feeble-minded in the Hospital, a quite
sufficient number to require a permanent institution and a definite programme of extension.
There are many eases outside who need institutional care, but are not being brought in at our
urgent request on account of lack of accommodation. I would recommend in this connection
that the Hospital group at Essondale be pushed forward and all the mental cases cared for
there, thus releasing the plant at New Westminster to be suitably remodelled as an institution
for the care of feeble-minded.
There is one other problem which appears to me of great importance in the future development and stability of the Mental Hospitals. During the past few years there have been a great
many changes in personnel of the medical staff. This has been very largely due to the remuneration. Men have liked the work and would very gladly have continued in it could they have
felt that it held out opportunities for advancement to be found in other branches of medicine
and in general practice. Conditions are such at the present time that I am unable to obtain
suitable medical officers at the salary and under the conditions I am able to offer, and I feel
it is most important that better inducements be offered medical men in psychiatry in order that
we may not only obtain but, what is really of far greater importance, retain their services in
this very important branch of special medicine.
In this connection I would recommend that the salary of medical officers be revised and a
definite scale of annual increase to a fixed maximum for any definite position be established.
Also that a physician may be advanced to a senior position in a shorter time than prescribed
when he has shown special ability and merit in the work.
It is also very important that houses be provided for the married men and be available for
single men who wish to marry. The physician is required on the Hospital premises every hour
of the day, and if he must forego his home or the prospects of having one he will not remain in
the service and valuable men may be lost in this way. It is quite Important that housing for
medical officers and staff be carried forward simultaneously with the construction of the Hospital.
It does not matter how perfect or splendid any institution may be, it cannot function without
a staff.
Staff Changes.
There have been relatively few changes in the personnel of the staff during the year. Our
most regrettable loss is met in the resignation of Dr. T. W. McAllister to take up private practice.
He was at all times an energetic worker in the interests of his patients and the Hospital, and
his cheerful disposition and pleasing personality made him an excellent man for the work. I
have not been able to fill his position, but hope that the right man may be found to carry on
with the energy and enthusiasm so necessary to the work.
Dr. E. C. Benweil replaces Dr. P. S. Tennant as assistant physician. There has also been
two changes in chaplains, which you will note among the list of officers.
. The nursing staff, though changed in some minor degree, has been quite stable and the good
work done has been mentioned earlier in the report.
In closing, I wish to make grateful acknowledgment to the Assistant Medical Superintendents, Medical Officers, and departmental heads for their ever-ready support and co-operation.
To all members of the staff are due my thanks, which is heartily and freely given.
To you, sir, I wish to especially record my thanks. Xou have at all times given me your
invaluable counsel and assistance and your ready understanding and encouragement have served
to smooth many stormy and difficult moments, in grateful acknowledgment of which,
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
H. C. STEEVES,
Medical Superintendent.
 13 Geo. 5 Dental Eeport. V 13
LABORATORY REPORT.
II. C. Steeves, Esq., M.D., CM., Provincial Mental Hospital,
Medical Superintendent, Mental Hospitals, Essondale, B.C., May 26th, 1923.
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—1 have the honour to submit herewith report of work done in Laboratory during the
year ended March 31st, 1923.
It will, be noticed that there has been an increase in the amount of work performed as
compared with the previous year.
Of the 580 tests for syphilis, 69 were positive, a percentage of approximately 12, showing an
increase of 4 per cent, over the previous year.    The table of work done is as follows:—
Urinalyses—Routine      507
Blood—Wassermann tests for syphilis   544
Blood-counts—
, Complete           8
White and differential counts .•       0
Spinal fluid—
Wassermann tests      29
Globulin           4
Cell-counts          3
Cultures—
Throat     30
Nose          5
Sputa examination for tuberculosis       24
Smears—Urethral for Gc       5
Agglutination tests for Bacillus abortus    131
Bacterial counts on milk       10
I have, etc.,
A. L. Crease,
Assistant Medical Superintendent and Pathologist.
DENTAL REPORT.
Medical Superintendent, Public Hospital fob the Insane,
Public Hospital for the Insane, New Westminster, B.C.
Neiv Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I beg to report the following dental work on patients in the Mental Hospitals, New
Westminster   and   Essondale,   during   the   year   from   April   1st,   1922,   to   March 31st,   1923,
inclusive:—
Extractions     507
Amalgam  fillings     47
Cement  fillings     IS
Scaling and cleaning    46
Pyrrhcea  treatment       4
Dentures     19
Repairing dentures     16
xVdjusting  dentures     12
Trimming  dentures          3
Repairing bridge        1
Resetting bridge         1
Gum treatment         1
I have, etc.,
F. P. Smith, D.D.S.,  Visiting Dentist.
 V 14
Mental Hospitals.
1923
STATISTICAL TABLES.
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations of the Hospitals, New  Westminster,  Essondale,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
168
S90
126
17
26
e
276
3
7
3
431
34
43
1
599
924
126
60
27
6
414
11
3
7
3
76
57
19
2
60
55
209
1,233
296
1,529
307
1,222
497
332
166
509
142
651
176
,.          Saanich, March 31st, 1922	
i3              i,                       ii                   Saanich	
1,742
Admitted during the year 1922-23—
138
4
49
35
13
2
42
30
438
2,180
Total under treatment, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, April
1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923	
27
22
6
18
25
Discharged during period April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923 :
(ff.) From New Westminster—
Died	
(&.) From Essondale —
98
171
15
60
27
28
73
203
1
5
6
3
15
60
30
30
73
	
208
Died	
(c.) From Saanich—
5
1
5
6
659
438
23
269
236
8
Died	
185
296
16
98
226
8
474
142
7
483
475
1,697
New Westminster—
Total on books, March 31st, 1922	
623
181
1,120
171
10
513
442
607
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 15
Table No. 1.—Showing the Operations op the Hospitals, New  Westminster,  Essondale,
and Saanich, from April 1st, 1.922, to March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Total.
Movement of Population.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Essondale—
Total on books, March 31st, 1922	
922
220
203
16
2
126
8
2
35
10
5
7
957
236
208
23
126
8
2
1,148
221
45
12
33
1,193
233
927
960
Saanich—
136
6
130
475
136
6
165
927
130
442
33
6
607
960
130
6
130
Total in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1923     ...
1,222
Grand total in residence, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich, March
31st, 1923	
1,697
Daily average population	
Percentage of discharges on admissions (not including deaths).
Percentage of recoveries on admissions	
Percentage of deaths on whole numher under treatment	
1,673.57
.     79.90
.     20.77
6.10
 V 16
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No.
2.—Showing
in Summary
Form the Operations of the Hospital since its
Inception.
ra
a
^o
"m
30
s
<
Discharges.
3»
-*-
a
<_3
fi
*
r%    W
i"s
L-1     -f-
<o o
lo.:
r^"r^
03
EC
33.
3-
u
u
c
6
OQ
<3-
22
U
<_
<v
fi
u
ro
X2
B
£ .
O -y
.__   ri
IS J
18
31
26
48
54
49
54
54
58
61
55
57
59
71
88
102
103
123
152
166
175
179
213
224
228
246
285
327
356
377
413
466
480
505
552
666
765
816
896
1,034
1,065
1,264
1,364
1,437
1,527
1,650
1,753
2,025
2,043
2,137
2,180
ll
3.8 M
« a °
^i T3    33.
03    n    C.
2 «£~
O)    ?0 330    O
u   ri   A,
O r0 .3 S
1a o to c
"t-   22
—    rA 4-
-•5c
ail
Year.
■d
03
A,
CD
O
O
03
T3
o
4^    O
o o
o£--T-
rtf-sj
s- P* T3
^      -3     &
1872	
1873	
18
15
12
29
22
14
16
18
17
13
7
8
10
20
27
36
26
41
52
49
52
44
80
62
64
74
81
101
113
115
121
139
115
123
150
221
230
232
280
332
375
380
402
332
353   •
371
375
574
489
478
438
l
10
4
3
11
4
7
4
5
5
3
4
2
5
10
15
12
14
17
19
17
14
13
29
23
20
27
31
38
40
30
38
46
43
36*
48
68*
73t
84
67:
74*
90||
58
83
73t
88
75
116
88
96
91
2
3
3
4
3
1
3
1
1
4
6
5
6
5
6
4
10
18
19
11
25
8
13
32
27
20
31
37
26
33
43
43
56
77
82
114
128
146
126
91
96
78
95
221
173
178
167
1
5
3
10
5
3
8
8
5
5
2
3
2
5
6
5
3
4
12
20
13
14
19
20
9
14
19
21
29
25
25
26
26
27
28
39
57
40
41
60
76
67
74
89
80
106
132
132
122
114
133
16
14
19
32
35
38
36
41
48
48
49
49
51
61
66
77
82
100
117
123
135
133
162
164
171
203
221
234
258
284
311
349
321
348
388
461
507
586
595
690
752
919
1,027
1,090
1,205
1.301
1,347
1,458
1,566
1,649
1,697
5
13
3
3
5
7
1
2
10
5
11
5
18
17
6
12
29
2
7
32
18
13
24
26
27
38
27
43
73
46
29
48
105
62
167
108
63
115
96
46
111
108
83
48
2
2
2
28
5.55
66.66
33.33
10.34
50.00
28.57
43.75
22.22
29.41
38.46
42.85
50.00
20.00
25.00
37.03
41.66
46.15
34.15
32.69
38.77
32.69
31.81
16.25
46.77
35.93
27.03
33.33
30.69
33.63
34.78
24.79
27.34
40.00
33.33
23.03
21.30
28.30
31.00
30.00
19.57
18.90
22.63
14.43
25.00
20.68
23.72
20.00
20.20
14.17
20.08
20.77
5.55
80.00
33.33
26.89
63.63
'78.57
62.50
27.77
29.41
61.54
57.14
62.50
60.00
25.00
59.25
55.55
69.23
46.34
44.23
46.94
51.92
72.72
40.00
64.51
75.00
37.83
49.38
62.37
57.52
52.17
50.41
53.96
62.61
61.78
52.06
41.20
53.90
64.60
59.28
54.42
53.80
62.10
45.77
52.41
47.87
44.74
45.33
58.71
72.60
57.32
59.36
5.55
16.12
1874	
1875	
11.53
20.83
1876	
1877	
9.35
6.12
1878	
1879	
16.16
14.81
1880	
8.62
1881	
1S82	
8.19
3.63
1884	
5.26
3.33
1885	
6.94
1886	
6.81
1887	
4.80
1889	
2.87
3.25
1890	
7 64
1891	
11.69
1892	
6.95
1893	
7.60
1894	
8.92
1895	
8.92
1896	
3.94
1897	
5.69
1898	
6.66
1899	
6.42
1900	
8.14
1901	
6.63
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
6.06
5.57
5.42
5 34
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
5.04
5.08
7.44
6.40
1910	
4 57
1911	
1912	
1913	
5.83
7.02
5 30
1914	
5 43
1915	
1916	
6.19
5 24
1917	
6 42
1918	
7 47
Jan. 1, 1919, to
Mar. 31, 1920
Apl. 1,1920, to
Mar. 31,1921
Apl. 1, 1921, to
Mar. 31, 1922
Apl. 1,1922, to
Mar. 31. 1923
6.51
5.97
5.33
6.10
* Three
not insa
ie.
[ One no
t insane.
{ Two
not insE
ne.          1!
■^our not in
ane.
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V  17
Table No. 3a.—.Showing N
umber of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths
from April 1st,
192
2, to March 31st, 1923, New Westminster
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Months.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1922.
April	
23
10
33
1
1
2
1
7
8
May	
32
13
45
4
14
18
1
3
4
20
20
11
15
31
35
1
2
1
1
3
i
2
4
2
5
33
23
11
12
44
35
5
i_
5
18
3
1
1
4
1
29
26
21
12
13
12
41
39
33
13
3
7
25
5
13
28
12
3
1
2
3
2
3
6
3
5
December	
1923.
/
29
18
47
3
3
3
1
4
27
5
32
14
17
31
3
4
7
March	
13
10
23
438
5
55
15
99
20
154
6
6
Totals  ....
296
142
25
30
55
Table No. 3b.—Showing Number of Admissions, Discharges, and
Deaths
from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923, Essondale.
Months.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1922.
18
18
5
5
8
8
May	
26
2
28
8
8
1
1
15
15
1
16
15
1
1
5
5
5
5
31
31
25
1
26
5
5
13
13
3
3
5
5
21
14
16
2
1
23
15
16
8
2
6
1
9
2
6
7
9
8
7
9
8
December	
1923.
22
22
21
21
5
5
20
1
21
11
1
12
6
6
March	
16
2
18
12
12
9
9
73
Totals	
227
9
236
102
3
105
73
2
 V 18
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No. 3c.—Showing Number of Admissions, Discharges, and Deaths from  April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923, Saanich.
Admissions.
Discharges.
Deaths.
Months.
Male.
*2
4
3
i
Female.
Total.
Male.
i
Female.
Total.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1922.
April	
2
4
3
1
1
1
■2
1
i
May	
1923.
March	
1
Totals	
10
10
i
1
5
5
Table No. 4.—Showing Civil State of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923.
Civil State.
Male.
Female.
Total.
104
177
i4
1
96
35
ii
200
212
25
1
Totals	
296
142
438
Table No. 5.—Showing Religious Denominations of Patients admitted from April 1st, 1922,
to March 31st, 1923.
Religious Denomination.
Male.
Female.
Total.
3
8
3
5
2
5
27
1
1
191
49
1
1
2
2
1
6
2
109
19
3
9
Christian Scientist	
5
5
2
Greek Catholic	
7
1
Lutheran                     	
33
1
1
Plymouth Brethren	
2
Protestant	
300
Roman Catholic          ....
68
Seventh Day Adventist                        	
1
Totals              	
296
142
438
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 19
Table No. 6.—Showing the Degree of Education of those admitted from April 1st, 1922,
to March 31st, 1923.
Degree of Education.
Male.
Female.
Total.
3
55
181
33
24
47
7.7
12
5
l
3
Good	
102
258
45
29
1
Totals   	
296
142
438
Taele No. 7.—Showing the Nationality of those admitted from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923.
Nationality.
Male.
Female.
Total.
Australia	
Austria    	
Belgium	
Chile    	
Cliina   	
Denmark   	
England	
Finland   	
France   	
Galicia 	
Germany   	
Greece   	
Holland   	
Hungary    	
Iceland    	
India   	
Ireland    	
Italy 	
Jamaica 	
Japan    	
Newfoundland    	
Norway    	
Russia   	
Scotland    	
Servia    	
Sweden	
Ukranie   	
United States	
Wales    	
Yukon    	
Canada—
British Columbia   ....
Manitoba     	
New Brunswick   	
Nova  Scotia   	
Ontario   	
Prince  Edward Island
Quebec	
Saskatchewan 	
Canada (general) ...
Totals 	
1
11
10
22
1
13
1
22
24
0
8
12
24
1
10
1
42
2
1
3
1
1(1
14
4
1
22
1
2
1
2
296
2
1
11
1
117
1
15
1
33
10
11
13
46
2
12
3
4
438
 V 20
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Tarle No. 8.—Showing what Districts contributed Patients from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923.
Place of Residence at Time
of Committal.
Place of Residence at Time
of Committal.
Agassiz  	
Arrowhead   	
B.C.  Penitentiary   	
Britannia Beach  	
Bull River  	
Burnaby   	
Campbell River  	
Chase River	
Chilliwack   	
Clinton   	
Cloverdale   	
Coughlan   	
Cowichan   	
Cranbrook    	
Crescent   	
Dawson,   Y.T	
Duncan  	
Dunster    	
Ellison   	
Esquimalt    	
Fernie	
Fern  Ridge   	
Fort  George   	
Fort  Steele   	
Fort St.  John   	
Francois   Lake    	
Fraser  Mills   	
Ganges Harbour   	
Golden    	
Gordon Head	
Grand Forks   	
Hammond    	
Hardy   Bay   	
Hazelton     ,	
High  Creek   	
Hosmer     	
Kamioops   	
Kelowna     	
Kimberley    	
Knox   Bay   	
Ladner   	
Ladysmith   	
Lamberton   	
Langford    	
Lantzville	
Lulu Island   	
Maillardville   	
Mara  	
Marpole   	
Masset   	
Matsqui    	
Mayo, Y.T	
Mission  City   	
Murrayville   	
Nanaimo	
Carried  forward
16
4
1
1
1
80
1
1
3
3
1
9
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
3
1
5
1
1
1
3
3
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
17
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
3
1
2
Brought forward
Naramata    	
Natal    	
Nelson    	
New Denver	
New Westminster   	
Nicola  	
Oakalla Prison Farm
Okanagan Falls	
Ocean Falls  	
Parksville    	
Penticton   	
Port Coquitlam   	
Port  Guichon   	
Powell River   	
Prince George    : . . . .
Prince Rupert  	
Quathiaski Cove   	
Revelstoke   	
Rock Bay  	
Rossland    	
Ross River, Y.T	
Rutland   	
Saanich    	
Salmon  Arm   	
Sandwick   	
Sardis  	
Silverton    	
Silverdale    	
Similkameen    	
Shawnigan Lake  	
Smithers    	
Sorrento   	
Steelhead   	
Steveston   	
Stuart Lake	
Tranquille    	
Vananda  	
Vancouver   	
Vancouver, North  	
Vancouver.  South  	
Vancouver, West   	
Vanderhoof   	
Vavenby   	
Victoria    	
Wellington   	
White Lake  	
Whitehorse, Y.T	
Whonnock   	
Williams Lake	
Willoughby    	
Wilmer  	
Yahk  	
Yarrow 	
Totals  	
80
10
121
4
1
1
19
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
34
1
1
1
52
2
8
1
11
2
114
1
1
4
1
1!)
2
G
1
1
1
7
2
1
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
4
3
1
o
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
173
6
16
1
1
1
30
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
296
142
438
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 21
Table No. 9.—Showing the Occupations of those admitted from April 1st, 1922, to
March 3.1st, 1923.
Occupation.
Accountant    	
Analyst    	
Artist	
Baker   	
Barrister    	
Blacksmith	
Book-keeper   	
Brass-moulder   	
Broker   	
Butcher    	
Cabinetmaker    	
Carpenter  	
Chauffeur  	
Clerk    	
Conductor    	
Contractor	
Cook   	
Druggist  	
Engineer    	
Farmer  	
Fireman   	
Fisherman	
Gardener   	
Housekeeper   	
Housewife   	
Janitor   	
Journalist    	
Labourer    	
Laundress   	
Laundryman    	
Linesman  	
Logger   	
Longshoreman   , .
Machinist  	
Carried forward
3
2
l
1
9
1
9
2
O
7
1
8
30
4
5
4
1
1
16
3
1
208
109
2
1
1
9
1
10
2
3
8
1
8
30
4
5
4
12
93
1
1
78
1
1
1
10
317
Occupation.
Brought forward
Mason  	
Merchant   	
Minister   	
Mine  superintendent
Miner   	
Music-teacher	
Naval officer   	
None   	
Notary public	
Nurse	
Painter	
Physician   	
Plumber	
Porter	
Postmaster    	
Rancher   	
Reporter  	
Sailor   	
Salesman   	
School inspector   	
School-teacher  	
Servant    	
Shoemaker   	
Stenographer   	
Storekeeper	
Student    ...............
Teamster   	
Tinsmith	
Trapper	
Waiter   	
Watchman    '.'. . .'.
Wire-weaver    	
Totals  	
208
2
2
1
1
15
1
19
1
296
109
1
16
317
2
2
1
1
15
1
1
35
1
1
7
1
2
1
1
8
1
2
3
1
142
438
 V 22
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No. 10.—Showing the Ages of those admitted from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Age.
Male.
Female.
Total.
6
16
22
23
35
39
48
29
18
18
12
9
8
11
2
6
3
7
12
16
19
27
15
11
5
10
4
2
2
3
12
19
n       20   ii  25    a    	
•29
a       25   //   30    »         	
35
30   i,  35    	
a       35   ;/   40    a     	
51
58
75
/;       45   ii   50     a     	
a       50   »   55     a     	
44
29
;/       55   ii  60    »    	
23
60   i,   65    „    	
65   „  70    i,	
70  a  75    a    	
22
13
10
75  a  80    a    	
13
5
Totals	
296
142
438
Table No. 11.—Showing the Number of Attacks in those admitted from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923.
Number of Attacks.
Male.
Female.
Total.
First	
235
44
10
2
5
96
26
13
1
3
1
2
331
70
Third	
23
Fourth	
3
8
1
i>
Totals	
296
142
438
Table No. 12.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Attacks prior to Admission.
Duration of Attack.
Male.
Female.
10
40
27
,8
14
8
6
12
5
8
2
2
Total.
35
78
47 '
19
45
20
20
13
5
11
3
45
118
74
27
6   3,   12     „	
59
28
26
„       5   ,i   10     a	
25
„     10  ,i   15     a       	
10
19
5
2
Totals	
296
142
438
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 23
Table No. 13.—Showing Statistics of Heredity in those admitted from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923.
Heredity.
Paternal and maternal branches
Paternal branch	
Maternal branch	
Heredity	
Heredity, inferred	
Heredity, unknown	
Not insane	
Totals	
Male.
Female.
io
2
8
4
23
13
70
31
185
90
2
296
142
12
12
36
101
275
2
438
Table No. 14.—Showing the Alleged Cause of Attack in those admitted from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Alleged Cause.
Male.
Female.
2
2
5
1
1
3
13
6
31
8
1
3
2
5
1
12
1
2
1
2
20
20
Total.
13
4
i
23
18
70
35
2
35
1
o
39
53
15
2
9
1
1
1
3
36
24
101
43
1
3
2
5
':'. 3
Shock 	
47
2
Toxic	
Q
3
2
59
73
Totals	
296
142
438
Table No. 15.—Showing the State of Bodily Health in those admitted from April 1st, 1922,
to March 31st, 1923.
Bodily Condition.
Male.
Female.
Total.
118
51 .
127
296
72
10
58
2
142
190
61
185
2
Tntflla	
43S
 V 24
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No. 16.—Showing the Form of Mental Disorder in those admitted from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Form of Disorder.
Acute mania  	
Arteriosclerosis	
Dementia praecox....
Epileptic    ...
General paresis	
Hysteria	
Idiocy and imbecility
Manic depressive ....
Moron	
Not insane	
Paranoia	
Senile dementia	
Terminal dementia...
Toxic insanity	
Traumatic	
Totals	
Male.
Female.
3
3
3
80
23
13
6
36
7
1
19
10
67
59
2
1
2
19
5
37
12
1
1
14
12
2
296
142
3
6
103
19
43
I
29
126
3
2
24
49
2
26
438
Table No. 17a.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923, New Westminster.
Results.
Male.
Female.
Total.
17
5
2
1
5
18
25
16
8
I
23
42
42
21
10
2
28
60
Totals	
48
115
163
Table No. 17b.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923, Essondale.
Results.
Di scharged recovered...
u improved...
n unimproved
Returned to Hospital .
Still out at close of year
Totals	
Male.
Female.
12
15
3
o
18
3
28
2
7
76
12
15
5
21
30
83
 13 Geo. 5'
- Statistical Tables.
V 25
Table No. 17c.—Showing the Number allowed out on Probation and Results from April 1st,
1922, to March 31st, 1923, Saanich—A7...
Table No. 18a.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from New Westminster from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
19
12
3
4
7
3
2
1
3
1
31
17
9
7
12
3
2
1
13
2
2
50
29
12
„      2    //   3      a                                	
11
„     3    „   6     ,i	
6    3/12     ,,      	
19
6
4
a     2    „   3     „    	
2
16
2
3
55
99
154
Table No. 18b.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
discharged from essondale from april 1st. 1922, to march 31st, 1923.
Duration of Insanity.
Less than 1 week ...
Less than  1 month . .
From 1    to 2 months
„     2    i,   3      i,
„     3    a  6     „
i,     6   „ 12     „
a     1    a  2 years.   .
Over 2 years	
Unknown	
Totals	
Male.
/
23
5
6
6
3
5
19
28
102
Female.
Total.
7
23
5
6
6
22
28
105
Table No. 18c.—Showing the Alleged Duration of Insanity prior to Admission in those
DISCHARGED FROM   SAANICH  FROM  APRIL 1ST, 1922,  TO  MARCH  31ST,   1923.
Duration of Insanity.
Male.
Female.
Total.
1
1
Totals          	
1
1
 Y 2(5
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No. 19a.—Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from New
Westminster from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Length of Residence.
Discharged
recovered.
3
03
fe
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Under 1 month    ....
From   1 to 2 months
2 „   3
S „   4
4 „   5
5 „   6
6 „   9
9 „ 12
1 ,,   2 years
2 „   3
3 „   4
4 „   5
5 „   6
Over    6 years    	
Totals   	
14
5
2
2
1
11
8
4
4
2
4
4
3
1
?,
5
7
1
2
1
7
4
1
2
2
1
2
o
1
i
49
22
35
13
Table No. 19b.-
-Showing the Length of Residence of those discharged from Essondale
from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
Length of Residence.
03
73
*
22
S
313
fe
o
H
7.
I
£3
fe
o
33J
7.
r-i
7.
a
c
7.
o
-3
A-.
ad
33.3
"5
o
Un
Fr
Ov
der 1 month s	
jm   1 to 2 months   .
2 „   3
3 „   4
4 „   5
5 „   6
6 ,.   9
9 „ 12
,       1  ,,   2 years
2 „   3
3 „   4
4 „   5
,      5 „   6
er    6 years    	
1
4
1
5
2
1
1
1
4
1
5
2
1
1
1
8
7
6
10
7
5
5
1
2
2
3
3
1
8
7
6
10
7
5
5
1
2
2
3
i>
1
3
1
3
7
3
1
1
4
1
1
1
3
1
4
1
3
7
1
3
9
1
4
•
•
Totals   	
15
15
60
60
27
3
30
Ti
lBle No. 19c.—Sho
wing
THE  LE3
fGTH
OF  I
.E.
ID
ENCE
OF T
HO
SE
DISC
HARG
ED FI
10 M   i
-A.
-N
ICI
I 1
'HC
M
April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Length of Residence.
Discharged
recovered.
Discharged
improved.
Discharged
unimproved.
Not
Insane.
S
fel
0.
ri
8
o
ri
3
"3
3
rt
3
£
1
.. 1 .. 1 .. 1   1 1 .. 1 .. i .,
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 27
Table No. 20a.—Record of Deaths From April 1st. 1922, to March 31st, 1923, New
Westminster.
Time
IN Hospi
-AL.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
2474
M.  L.  B.
F.
44
11
6
15
Carcinoma of the uterus.
7166
E. W.
F.
75
2
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2147
I. F. M. McK.
F.
33
13
11
23
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
5600
C. M. V.
F.
80
■   3
6
18
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7282
B.N.
M.
61
12
Bronchopneumonia.
7277
A. M.
F.
35
17
Septic endocarditis.
5618
D. C.
F.
67
3
7
14
Myocarditis.
7251
F. N. W.
F.
53
1
11
Cerebral anaemia.
7308
M. M. ___,
M.
76
16
Bronchopneumonia, -arteriosclerosis.
3675
H. E.
F.
32
9
3
Acute parenchymatous, nephritis.
6354
L. P.
F.
29
2
25
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7190
L. W.
F.
62
3
25
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6145
R. E.
F.
60
2
6
21
Acute lobar pneumonia.
5289
S. W.
F.
40
4
8
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
2388
A. T.
F.
58
12
11
14
Carcinoma of esophagus.
7407
A. K.
M.
45
8
Exhaustion of acute mania.
6476
J. C.
F.
33
1
11
28
Pulmonary  tuberculosis.
5005
S. W.
F.
27
5
0
20
Pulmonary   tuberculosis.
5478
T. L. R.
F.
23
3
10
27
Pulmonary   tuberculosis.
5287
II. H.
F.
59
4
9
13
Myocarditis, with broken compensation.
7231
G. E.
M.
36
5
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7432
P. A.  F.
M.
78
17
Bronchopneumonia.
7372
II. F. H.
M.
53
2
12
Bronchopneumonia.
7356
.1. MCK.
M.
66
3
23
Bronchopneumonia  and  myocarditis.
7368
R. F.
M.
68
3
23
Bronchopneumonia and arteriosclerosis.
7398
W. D.
M.   .
30
3
2
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7376
JC B.
F.
70
3
28
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7341
R. J. S.
F.
51
5
Exhaustion of general paralysis.
7489
E. J. A.
F.
43
29
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6500
R. A.
M.
52
2
2
16
Cerebral haemorrhage, arteriosclerosis.
7540
J. M.
M.
20
9
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7555
M. W.
F.
70
9
Bronchopneumonia.
7411
G. R.
F.
23
4
5
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
4951
II. B.
F.
48
6
2
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7541
W.' Y. L.
M.
50
1
9
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7543
M. N.
F.
44
1
8
Pneumonia.
7557
L.  L.  B.
F.
66
1
0
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7588
M. M.
M.
36
16
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7613
W. J. B.
M.
55
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7627
O. A. L.
M.
85
13
.Myocarditis, arterioscelerosis.
2736
B. F. R. W.
M.
67
12
4
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7389
E. E.
F.
53
7
5
Myocarditis.
7655
C. W. D.
M.
59
9
Cerebral haemorrhage, myocarditis.
7619
S. P.
F.
45
1
Streptococcus,  septicaemia of right  arm.
7456
B. B.
F.
85
5
18
Hypostatic pneumonia.
7502
E. A. D.
F.
41
4
13
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7488
S. McK.
M.
40
5
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7609
L. M.
M.
75
2
1
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7150
L. A.
F.
30
1
2
Exhaustion of inanition.
7604
T. H.
M.
78
3
Arteriosclerosis and myocarditis.
7705
A. K.
M.
40
11
Exhaustion of acute mania.
7697
W. M.
M.
65
18
Myocarditis and arteriosclerosis.
7347
.1. tl.
M.
33
10
5
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7714
E. P. G.
M.
42
5
Exhaustion of general paresis.
3594
O. S.
M.
70
1
10
1
|      :-
24
1
-erebral haemorrhage.
 V 28
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table No. 20b.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1922, to .March 31st, 1923. Essondale.
Time
in Hospital.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No.
Years.
Months.
Days.
7384
E.  S.
M.
36
8
7
1
Exhaustion of epilepsy.
7202
G. F.
M.
64
1
25
Bronchopneumonia.
7273
F. V.
M.
33
11
Exhaustion from general paretic convulsions.
4879
J. L.
M.
79
5
8
4
Myocarditis and senility.
6956
J. D.
M.
70
9
3
Myocarditis.
6826
P. D.
M.
56
1
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6224
M. J.
M.
29
2
3
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6816
J. G.
M.
49
1
21
Bronchopneumonia.
6104
W. J. W.
M.
71
2
7
1
Senility and terminal infection.
5197
A. J.
•M.
57
4
10
12
Failure of compensation.
3195
A. C.
M.
63
10
3
29
Exhaustion and terminal infection.
6701
J. C.
M.
48
1
5
9
Gradual incompetency of heart.
1273
G. M.
M.
78
19
10
29
Myocarditis.
6981
w. s.
M.
45
10
17
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7203
A. P.
M.
58
5
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7235
J. D.
M.
25
3
23
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
7076
W. R. L.
M.
18
8
3
Tuberculosis, hip and spine.
2079
D. O.
M.
70
14
5
24
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7037
G. W.  J.
M.
53
10
1
Acute dilatation of heart with aortitis.
2252
W. G.
M.
62
13
11
5
Pyelonephrosis.
1393
G. A. P.
M.
54
19
3
19
Carcinoma of liver.
6200
E. G. S.
M.
16
2
7
14
Bronchopneumonia.
7354
A.  Z.
M.
72
3
4
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7051
O. H.
M.
41
11
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
6059
F. A. N.
M.
55
2
11
19
Exhaustion of general paresis.
3484
J. P.
M.
55
9
9
10
Carcinoma of intestines.
6180
W. F.
M.
43
1
8
18
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6111
T. C.
M.
53
2
10
16
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
3999
T. F.
M.
43
8
6
14
Syphilis and general exhaustion.
459
J. L.
M.
80
30
6
10
Exhaustion of terminal dementia.
7189
G. R. W.
M.
40
8
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7099
J. G.
M.
79
10
19
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6405
J. B.
M.
54
2
4
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
2053
J. M.
M.
59
14
10
19
Tuberculosis.
1411
C. S.
M.
67
19
2
23
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
3947
R. D. M.
M.
72
S
S
24
Gastric carcinoma.
4994
A. E.
M.
32
5
10
2
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
4282
R. D.
M.
55
7
10
29
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7161
W. p. W.
M.
71
10
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
126
C. F. J.
M.
70
43
5
22
Chronic nephritis and arteriosclerosis.
193
J. S.
M.
75
37
6
18
Abscess of axilla and spreading cellulitis.
4048
W. L.
M.
62
8
6
16
Myocarditis.
1486
Y.
M.
65
18
9
7
Pulmonary tuberculosis.
4723
W. R. D.
M.
68
6
8
8
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6635
H.C.
M.
42
2
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7484
J. A.
M.
77
2
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7361
G. P. B.
■11.
44
6
9
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7579
.7. S. B.
M.
49
22
Paretic seizures.
7230
W. C.
M.
94
9
14
Senile dementia   (exhaustion).
7247
J. R. P.
M.
45
9
12
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7036
T. A.
M.
83
1
3
7
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2801
D. L. M.
M.
75
12
28
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7485
J. F.
M.
46
3
14
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6824
F. H.
M.
64
1
8
16
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6704
J. B.
M.
44
1
11
22
Exhaustion of general paresis.
1611
H. F. D.
M.
75
17
9
17
Carcinoma of rectum.
4320
J. F.
11.-
62
7
11
23
Generalized tuberculosis.
1939
R. C.
M.
56
15
8
6
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7603
F. B.
M.
78
1
13
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
2121
V. A. T.
M.
35
14
10
29
Epilepsy with exhaustion.
3510
.7 VV.
M.
53
10
2
2
Exhaustion of general paresis.
 13 Geo. 5
Statistical Tables.
V 29
Table No. 20b.—Record of Deaths, April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923. Essondale—Continued.
Time
in HosriTAL.
Register
Initials.
Sex.
Age.
Certified Cause.
No
Years.
Months.
Days.
7002
J. B.
M.
78
1
27
Cerebral haemorrhage.
7479
G. II.
M.
70
5
14
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7064
•T. A. II.
M.
38
1
4
19
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5299
J. W.
11.
81
3
9
Epilepsy.
6954
D. M. A.
M.
44
1
7
10
Exhaustion of general paresis.
5302
C. D.
M.
70
5
4
9
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7575
J. E.
M.
77
3
20
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
7301
W. T.
11.
50
11
Exhaustion of general paresis.
6580
J. M.
M.
43
2
5
7
Exhaustion of manic depressive
psychosis.
4088
J. D.
M.
80
8
9
17
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
6366
J. S.
M.
80
2
10
26
Exhaustion of senile dementia.
5967
W. B.
M.
58
3
8
16
Exhaustion of paretic seizures.
Table No. 20c.—Record of Deaths from April 1st, 1922, to March 31st, 1923, Saanich.
5680
J. H.
M.
51
b
8
12
Endocarditis.
6054
G. R.
M.
54
3
1
Bronchiectasis.
6895
E. D.
M.
34
1
4
11
Strangulation.
5588
S. O. C.
M.
39
4
2
8
Exhaustion of general paresis.
7119
J.  P.
M.
18
1
2
16
Cervical adenitis..
Table No. 21.—Showing the Number of Deportations effected from April 1st, 1922, to
March 31st, 1923, New Westminster, Essondale, and Saanich.
Register
No.
Initials.
Sex.
Country of
Origin.
Period in Canada prior
to Admission to Hospital.
Years.     Months.     Days.
Period in Hospital.
Years.      Months.      Days
7293
7318
6957
7281
7286
7354
5984
7111
7078
3004
4045
6420
7450
7041
7339
7392
3417
7338
7482
5750
7509
7391
7304
7423
7465
7511
7383
6076
5693
7143
7113
7127
7503
7614
7530
7474
II.  M. C.
L. M. W.
A. B.
A. F.
W. M. C.
H. h. M.
J. E. K.  C.
B. Z.
E. M. C.
[N. R.
h. d.
H.   C.   C.
J.  H.   O.
W. O'R.
G.  P.
C. B.
W. G.
M. R.
K. G.
L. S.
J. B.
W.   T.
F. B.
D. Y.
R. R.
V. M.
M. P.
A. A.
J. H. A.
C.  L.
11.  B.  B.
E. A.
J.  L.  W.
L. M.
J.  K.
.LA. L.
F.
M.
M.
11.
M.
M.
F.
M.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
F.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
M.
F.
M.
F.
F.
M.
11.
M.
M.
England   	
China   	
England   	
.Scotland	
England  	
Ireland	
England   	
Italy 	
Jamaica
Austria	
Scotland
Norway	
England   	
Newfoundland
Scotland ....
England  	
U.S.A	
UjS.A	
England ....
Germany ....
Chile	
Finland	
Italy 	
China   	
Scotland ....
England ....
England   ....
Sweden	
Scotland ....
Denmark   . ..
Ireland	
England  ....
U.S.A	
England   ....
Ireland	
Finland    ....
5
4
8
10
4
6
3
1
9
1
4
3
1
10
0
1
10
1
4
6
2
4
13
14
3
8
23
13
12
20
10
10
8
10
22
14
9
12
27
20
12
7
25
25
20
17
9
16
16
21
19
18
13
21
4
28
16
6
23
10
14
6
16
17
 V 30 Mental Hospitals. 1923
PART II—FINANCIAL.
BURSAR'S   REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., July 2nd, 1923.
H. C. Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent of Mental Hospitals,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to again submit to you herewith balance-sheets and Profit and Loss
Accounts, together with various other financial and statistical statements, covering the fiscal
year's operations of our institutions which closed oil March 31st, 1923.
You will note the gross expenditures of the Mental Hospitals reached the sum of $554,245.06,
as compared to $558,090.70 for the previous year, or another reduction of $4,445.10; while our
collections for the year totalled $88,295.53, as compared with $85,752.08 for the previous year,
or an increase in revenue of $2,543.45.
Under the various headings of our institution expenditures there were certain fluctuations;
for example, maintenance and repairs of the older buildings at New Westminster were higher,
whereas the maintenance and repairs at Essondale were some $0,000 less than last year. Under
the heading of " Furniture and Fixtures " at New Westminster there was an increase of some
$3,775, due to the refurnishing and recarpeting of certain wards, whereas at Essondale replacements such as these were done the year previous, and this year's figures are a decrease of some
$4,445. AYith the result that, taking the three institutions together, there was a reduction in
this year's operating expenditures of the above figures, while our per capita cost shows a reduction per day of 0.0438.
I am pleased to report that in Saanich Institution during last year they were a little high
in their per capita cost under all headings, but in the statements presented herewith you will
note that they have reduced in every department, with the exception of salaries, which they
were compelled to increase, especially in the night staff. While their expenditures were lower,
we were fortunate also in increasing their collections by $1,400. This year their net per capita
is S9 cents, against last year's $1.01.
Regarding capital expenditure, this is practically eliminated in the New Westminster
Institution, only necessary repairs under our operating expenses being incurred. There was a
small sum of $73.50 of a balance on the Industrial Store Building which comes under that
heading.
At Essondale the capital expenditure amounted to $13,559.25, as follows:—
New  cottages      $9,588 58
Grading of grounds     2,602 70
Irrigation of lawns      1,367 97
There is no expenditure under this heading at Saanich, any little improvement being made
was charged to our operating expenditure.
I am pleased to report everything in the business administration of this Department is
progressing satisfactorily and we have had the Provincial Government Auditors here, who have
gone completely through our work.
In the coming year, with the co-operation of the Inspector of Municipalities, we hope to
make another increase in our collections, and with close attention to selection and purchase of
goods, we feel that the present year's per capita cost should not exceed that shown in this report.
In closing, I wish to tender to my assistants in both office and our stores my appreciation
of their services to the institution and myself during the year, and to you for your kindness and
consideration, which has made the duties a pleasure.
All of which is respectfully submitted.
G. S. Macgowan,
Bursar,
 13 Geo. 5 New Westminster. V 31
PUBLIC  HOSPITAL  FOR   INSANE,   NEW   WESTMINSTER.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1923.
Assets.
Land      $ 80,000 CO
Cemetery  610 89
Buildings        497,134 20
Plant and equipment       17,345 82
Furniture and fixtures        17,900 CO
Inventories—
Provisions      $3,063 23
Furniture and fixtures       3,282 25
Maintenance and repairs      4,075 56
Clothing         5,642 00
Miscellaneous         2,193 73
       18,250 77
Deficit (cost of operations, 1922-23)        179,023 58
$810,271 20
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia     $810,271 26
Profit and Loss, March 31st, 1923.
Salaries      $ 87,418 62
Office  supplies    •.  2,108 55
Travelling expenses    748 09
Fuel, water, light, and power   25,744 02
Maintenance and repairs    13.535 73
Furniture and fixtures    ] 2,336 12
Provisions     45,523 72
Clothing, boots, and slippers   .*  9,071 91
Medical and surgical supplies   2,238 03
Examinations, committals, and transportation    8,184 17
Incidentals  and unforeseen     7,163 17
Patient-labour    $    1,500 CO
Collections for year to Treasury  34,148 55
Net operating cost for year   179,023 58
$214,672 13 $214,672 13
 MENTAL HOSPITAL,  ESSONDALE.
Balance-sheet, March 81st, 1923.
Assets.
Land     $116,913 80
Buildings       614,296 53
Furniture and fixtures        36,008 28
Plant and equipment       52,990 59
Inventories—
Provisions      $ 2,372 47
Clothing        4,437 15
Furniture and fixtures        1,143 39
Fuel       4,226 50
Maintenance and repairs        3,988 41
 16,167 92
Deficit (cost of operations, 1922-23)    245,409 83
$1,081,780 95
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia    $1,081,786 95
Profit and Loss, March 31st, 1923.
Salaries     $119,893 08
Office supplies    2,751 73
Travelling expenses  956 87
Fuel, light, water, and power   39,001 61
Maintenance and repairs  14,294 78
Furniture and fixtures   7,758 72.
Provisions     96,560 16
Clothing, boots, and slippers     23,015 70
Medical and surgical supplies 9  2,855 80
Examinations, committals, and transportation   266 71
Incidentals and unforeseen     5,594 36
Patient-labour    $ 19,097 00
Collections for year to Treasury    4S.448 69
Net operating cost for year    245,409 83
$312,955 52 $312,955 52
 13 Geo. 5 Saanich. V 33
MENTAL HOME,   SAANICH.
Balance-sheet, March 31st, 1923.
Assets.
Land    $ 12,100 00
Buildings       229,705 00
Furniture and fixtures        14,048 49
Implements and stock         4,431 50
Airing and recreation court  750 00
Inventories—
Provisions      $816 46
Clothing     036 67
Fuel        176 25
Miscellaneous     143 45
Furniture and fixtures     237 11
 2,009 94
Deficit (cost of operations, 1922-23)     41,516 72
$304,561 65
Liabilities.
Government of British Columbia   $304,561 05
Profit and Loss, March 31st, 1923.
Salaries     $17,576 53
Office supplies     275 34
Travelling expenses    51 94
Fuel, water, light, and power   6,260 04
Maintenance and repairs    2,178 95
Furniture and fixtures   319 05
Provisions     11,298 85
Clothing    3.597 70
Medical and surgical supplies   244 20
Examinations, committals, and transportation    23 05
Incidentals    5,389 36
Collections to Treasury   $ 5,698 29
Net cost of operations   41,516 72
$47,215 01 $47,215 01
 V 34
Mental Hospitals.
1923
FINANCIAL TABLES.
Table A.-
-Showing the Average Number of Patients in Residence each Year, the Total
Amounts spent for Maintenance, and the Gross Per Capita Cost.
Year.
1872 (81 days)	
1873	
1874	
1875	
1876	
1877  	
1878	
1879	
1880	
1881	
1882	
1883	
1884 '	
1885	
1886	
1887	
18S8	
1889	
1890	
1891	
1892	
1893	
1894	
1895	
1896	
1897	
1898	
1899	
1900	
1901 :•	
1902	
1903	
1904	
1905	
1906	
1907	
1908	
1909	
1910	
1911   	
1912	
1913, M.H., New Westminster	
1913, M.H., Essondale (9 months)	
1914, M H., New Westminster	
1914, M.H., Essondale	
1915, M.H., New Westminster	
1915, M.H., Essondale	
1916, M.H, NewWestminster	
1916, M.H., Essondale	
1917, M.H., New Westminster	
1917, M.H., Essondale. .. '	
1918, M.H, New Westminster	
1918, M.H, Essondale	
1919-20, M.H., New Westminster (15 month
1919-20, M.H., Essondale (15 months)	
1919-20, M.H, Saanich (373 days)	
1920-21, M.H., New Westminster	
1920-21, M.H., Essondale	
1920-21, M.H., Saanich	
1921-22, M.H., New Westminster	
1921-22, M.H, Essondale   	
1921-22, M.H, Saanich	
1922-23, M.H., New Westminster	
1922-23, M.H., Essondale	
1922-23, M.H., Saanich	
Average Number
Maintenance
Per Capita
in Residence.
Expenditure.
$ 2,265 25
Cost.
16.57
8616 00
16.07
7,841 94
487 98
16.76
8,232 41
491 20
27.42
9,892 38
360 77
36.41
12,558 18
344 91
34.61
12,917 17
373 26
36.52
13,985 05
382 93
38.17
10,253 72
268 63
45.42
10,552 18
232 32
47.18
10,691 76
226 62
47.86
11,343 65
237 02
48.73
11,829 11
242 75
48.70
11,843 94
243 20
54.67
15,555 87
284 54
59.11
15,334 43
259 42
73.55
15,945 22
216 70
79.43
16.261 06
204 72
71.30
15,657 79
219 60
78.78
17,577 80
223 13
119.87
21,757 03
181 50
125.24
23,518 37
187 80
133 92
25,904 98
193 36
148.64
26,495 83
178 25
162.97
31,587 89
193 83
171.43
32,001 40
186 67
188.91
36.224 76
191 75
216.53
46,420 25
214 38
226.44
54,917 45
242 52
243.24
59,349 20
244 00
269.56
55,406 08
205 54
296.62
55,345 65
186 59
332.23
59,353 57
178 65
351.55
66,052 76
187 89
340.90
63,342 07
185 80
374.57
66,596 69
177 79
419.24
74,874 64
178 59
490.80
90,269 49
183 92
526.85
96,586 32
183 32
563.33
103,900 44
184 43
641.02
126.782 50
197 78
736.72
130,924 06
177 71
550.54
119,663 71
217 36
384.07
71,079 84
184 76
487.24
125,981 45
258 56
489.07
131,420 44
268 36
515.74
123,021 70
238 53
560.56
123,878 43
220 99
524.17
116,052 21
221 40
633.13
155,698 37
245 91
535.66
124,124 68
231 72
716.35
166,231 51
232 05'
585 38
156,574 85
267 47
752.78
222,097 37
295 03
562.12
236,631 90
420 97
755.46
357,630 99
473 38
90.51
40,433 28
446 72
567.47
233,486 76
411 44
834.10
336,585 35
403 52
108.67
51,995 87
478 47
596.07
210,887 45
353 79
890.32
321,150 35
360 71
120.05
47,860 96
398 67
603.40
214,672 13
355 77
942.60
312,955 52
332 01
127.57
47,215 01
370 11
 13 Geo. 5
Financial Tables.
V 35
Table B.—Showing Analysis of the Per Capita Cost.
Year.
Salaries.
Provisions.
Clothing.
Fuel and
Light.
Furniture.
Medicines.
Miscellaneous.
Total.
1872	
$279 38
$1S4 03
$55 81
$22 44
$15 55
$10 18
$49 30
$616 69
1873	
221 48
166 81
14 55
23 65
21 59
7 74
32 16
487 98
1874	
231 10
152 10
22 07
23 98
28 36
7 78
25 81
491 20
1875	
153 82
113 40
13 98
16 88
25 45
6 73
30 51
360 77
1876	
143 34
114 45
18 68
22 75
17 90
2 86
24 93
344 91
1877	
177 15
126 75
20 69
4 66
20 75
3 74
19 52
373 26
1878	
176 16
124 23
30 43
13 94
7 20
9 16
21 82
382 93
1879	
134 27
95 10
3 25
15 91
6 39
6 31
7 40
268 63
1880	
111 84
87 71
5 74
14 06
6 00
3 63
3 34
332 32
1881	
112 44
81 14
6 86
12 73
5 55
2 56
5 34
226 62
1882	
121 51
84 52
7 05
12 30
4 54
3 49
3 61
237 02
1883	
123 81
92 56
6 03
11 04
4 26
2 24
2 82
242 75
1884	
124 02
90 64
7 03
12 43
4 14
2 77
2 18
243 20
1885	
169 05
84 33
6 33
15 05
3 90
2 93
2 95
284 54
1886	
159 03
69 35
5 49
16 20
3 72
1 59
4 04
259 42
1887	
127 80
59 10
5 88
15 38
3 88
93
3 81
216 78
1888	
118 34
60 47
4 41
13 90
3 11
2 09
2 40
204 72
1889	
131 70
59 11
7 20
12 93
4 13
2 07
2 46
219 60
1890	
121 54
62 77
9 02
17 31
4 00
1 29
7 19
223 12
1891	
88 35
54 79
3 83
20 43
3 40
1 89
8 81
181 50
1892	
94 25
56 74
4 69
20 53
3 35
1 80
6 42
187 80
1893	
95 50
53 55
5 43
22 60
3 39
2 69
10 20
193 36
1894	
87 76
57 07
5 25
18 83
2 98
I 43
4 93
178 25
1895	
90 83
61 15
9 90
20 41
2 51
3 10
5 93
193 S3
1896	
89 13
55 93
6 30
20 29
2 56
3 63
8 83
186 67
1897	
89 09
58 18
8 36
19 11
2 95
3 86
10 20
191 75
1898	
94 68
69 43
9 94
21 82
2 76
5 12
10 62
214 37
1899	
113 31
72 91
8 31
33 96
2 50
2 73
8 80
242 52
1900	
116 04
72 62
9 06
32 10
2 15
1 71
10 32
244 00
1901	
99 16
66 65
10 12
18 52
3 25
1 07
6 77
205 54
1902	
87 47
61 13
7 95
15 25
4 13
1 20
9 46
186 59
1903	
82 36
57 86
8 58
14 77
3 24
1 91
9 93
178 65
1904	
87 43
60 01
6 85
17 84
4 48
2 10
9 18
187 89
1905	
92 17
54 09
5 99
17 93
3 83
2 03
9 76
185 80
1906	
88 76
53 15
5 16
15 92
3 57
1 21
10 02
177 79
1907	
89 18
48 47
5 81
19 82
3 02
1 57
10 72
178 59
1908	
90 93
49 17
6 61
17 63
4 56
1 79
13 23
183 92
1909	
94 27
53 41
8 16
13 02
2 78
84
10 84
183 32
1910	
95 97
48 43
7 87
21 32
2 02
1 15
7 67
184 43
1911	
97 44
58 08
9 39
18 84
1 12
1 87
11 04
197 78
1912	
78 40
56 37
10 09
19 36
1 79
1 50
10 20
177 71
1913, M.H,
New West.
102 37
54 07
9 43
■ 25 27
4 74
3 21
18 27
217 36
1913, M.H,
Essondale.
93 56
49 90
5 50
25 13
55
1 02
14 10
184 76
1914, M.H,
New West.
115 72
68 15
2 99
24 13
69
2 64
44 24
258 56
1914, M.H.,
Essondale.
113 06
81 42
15 49
28 93
4 14
1 19
24 13
268 36
1915, M.H,
New West.
110 94
64 32
7 57
20 30
1 88
33 52
238 53
1915, M.H,
Essondale.
95 25
62 84
9 44
24 87
1 14
56
26 89
220 99
1916, M.H,
New West.
105 89
74 96
2 58
18 52
1 45
18 0i-
221 40
1916, M.H,
Essondale.
89 26
75 18
17 76
26 96
4 98
42
31 35
245 91
1917, M.H,
New West.
103 41
72 20
10 52
18 29
2 38
24 92
231 72
1917, M.H,
Essondale.
83 57
79 98
18 92
23 39
4 77
81
20 61
232 05
This accoun
ing system di.
continued in 1
917, and new f
ystem installe
1 as per Table
Bi.
 V 36
Mental Hospitals.
1923
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Financial Tables.
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 13 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. V 39
Table D.—Summary  Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost oe  Insane
Patients in the Three Institutions.
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Total maintenance vouchers    $208,748 45
Colony Farm Produce Account    17,918 46
Mental Hospital, Essondale, supplies   1,107 00
Mental Home, Saanich    166 00
March 31, 1922.   Inventory, maintenance and repairs   3,801 58
„            ,,             ,,           furniture and fixtures    4,279 93
„            „             „           provisions      2,456 42
clothing     5,366 93
„            „             „           incidentals and unforeseen   f... 41  55
$243,387 22
Less Clothing Account, Essondale   $8,355 00
„     Shoemaker Account, Essondale  42 00
„     Supply Account, Essondale   90 00
Clothing Account, Saanich       1,085 00
„    proportion salary, Hog-nan         660 00
„     patient-labour, Colony Farm      1,500 00
„     sundries to Colony Farm         226 32
„     March 31, 1923.   Inventory, provisions       3,063 23
„            „            „             „           furniture   and    fixtures        3,282 25
„            „            „             „           maintenance and repairs        4,075 56
clothing        5,642 00
„ „ „ ,, miscellaneous        2,193 73
       30,2] 5 09
Total, Public Hospital for Insane, Xew Westminster   $213,172 13
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Total maintenance vouchers     $261,464 00
Colony Farm Produce Account         49,771 38
Public Hospital for Insane Account           8,487 00
Mental Home,  Saanich, Account    166 90
Salaries reversed         1,110 00
March 31, 1922.  Inventory, fuel         6,849 27
„ „ ,, maintenance and repairs           5,095 63
„ „ furniture and fixtures           2,765 17
„ „ „ provisions            2,705 42
clothing         5,242 66
$343,657 43
Less laundry-work for Boys' Industrial School     $ 2,600 00
„     fuel to Colony Farm         2,249 49
Engineer,  salary and board,  2 months   (Cannery)      280 00
„     board, Colony Farm employees         8,147 50
„    patient-labour, 1 year ;     19,097 00
„     uniforms, Colony Farm employees   150 00
canned goods to New Westminster Institution     1,107 00
„     March 31, 1923.  Inventory, provisions       2,372 47
clothing          4,437 15
Carried forward   $40,440 61 $343,657 43 $213,172 13
 V 40 Mental Hospitals. 1923
Table D.—Summary Statement showing the Gross and Net Per Capita Cost of Insane
Patients in the Three  Institutions.—Continued.
Brought forward    $40,440 61 $343,657 43 $213,172 13
Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale—Continued.
Less March 31, 1923.   Inventory, furniture and fixtures          1,143 39
fuel          4,226 50
„ „ „ ,. maintenance     and
repairs       3,98S 41
      49,79S 91
Total, Provincial Mental Hospital, Essondale       293,858 52
Mental Home, Saanich—
Total maintenance vouchers    $ 46,646 55
New Westminster Institution, Tailor Account   1,085 00
March 31, 1922.   Inventory, fuel   90 00
„            „             „           provisions     483 82
„             „           clothing      094 40
„            „             „           miscellaneous     558 98
$ 49.558 75
Less turkeys and geese to Essondale and New Westminster  $333 80
March 31, 1923.  Inventory, provisions     816 46
„ „ „ clothing         636 07
„ fuel          176 25
„ „ ,, miscellaneous         143 45
„ „ „ furniture and fixtures   237 11
 2,343 74
Total,  Mental  Home,   Saanich          47,215 01
Total  operating expense for the three  institutions.  New  Westminster.  Essondale,
and  Saanich   $554,245 66
Less collections remitted to Treasury—
Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster     $ 34.148 55
Mental  Hospital,  Essondale    ■       48,448 69
Mental Home, Saanich         5,698 29
 88,295 53
Total net expense for the three institutions    $465,950 13
Total average population for the three institutions, 1,673.57, showing a net per capita cost at
the rate of $278.42 per year, or 76.28 cents per day.
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ending March 31st, 1923.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff     $ 12,285 23
Other employees       79.293 39
 $ 91,578 62
• ' ;
Carried forward   $ 91,578 62
 13 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. V 41
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ending March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward      $ 91,578 62
Operating expenditure by voucher—Continued.
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $      232 90
Postage and office supplies           1,232 40
Telephone and telegrams  643 25
 2,108 55
Travelling expenses   748 09
Fuel, light, water, and power—
Fuel       $ 20,659 61
Water            2,214 86    .
Light and power t ,         2,S69 55
 25,744 02
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals     $ 13,437 36
Janitors' supplies    872 35
 14,309 71
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding      $    2,048 00
Furniture and fixtures           6,987 43
Miscellaneous           2,302 41
 11,338 44
Provisions—
Groceries    $ 21,764 86
Meats            5,862 56
Fish            2,486 00
 30,113 42
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing    $ 14,449 49
Boots and slippers           1.479 49
 15.928 98
Medical and surgical supplies—
Medicines and drugs     $    1.348 16
Surgical  instruments,  etc  889 .ST
 2,238 03
Examinations, committals, and transportation—
Examinations     $      759 00
Committals     27 50
Transportation            7,397 67
 8,184 17
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements      $ 505 23
Gratuities     57 00
Funerals    400 00
—         Auto-tires     274 25
Auto-repairs     461 99
Gasolene and oils    580 11
Tools and implements    254 93
Freight and cartage   54 09
Miscellaneous    3.867 92
 6.456 42
Total expenditure for year by voucher    $208,748 45
Carried forward .'. •  $20S,74S 45
 V 42 Mental Hospitals. 1923
Table E.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the New Westminster Hospital for 12 Months
ending March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward     $208,748 45
Institution Trading Accounts—
From Colony Farm—
Dairy supplies     $    9,867 71
Meats            1,936 67
Vegetables         3,042 08
Miscellaneous            3,072 00
 17,918 46
From Mental Home, Saanich, turkeys and geese  166 90
From Mental Hospital, Essondale, canned goods           1,107 00
* $227,940 81
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries     $ 87,418 62       $144,877
Expenses—
Office supplies, etc         2,108 55 3.494
Travelling expenses  ...  748 09 1.239
Fuel, water, light, and power        25,744 02 42.066
Maintenance and repairs         13,535 73 22.433
Furniture and fixtures         12.336 12 20.444
Provisions          45,523 72 75.445
Clothing, boots, and slippers           9,671 91 16.029
Medical and surgical supplies          2.238 03 3.709
Examinations, committals, and transportation            8,184 17 13.563
Incidentals and unforeseen         7.163 17 11.871
Total gross expenditure      $214,072 13        $355,770
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce) ..        1,500 00 2.486
$213,172 13        $353,284
Less Revenue Account  (maintenance of patients)          34,148 55 56.593
Net cost of patients' maintenance to Government   $179,023 58       $296,691
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, New Westminster, March 31st, 1923     607
Daily average population, New Westminster, for year     603.40
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year      355.77
1 day 975
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1 year      296.69
1 clay 813
Capital Expenditure.
Balance,  Industrial and Store Building      $ 73 50
 13 Geo. 5 . Financial Tables. V 43
Table F.—Expense and Re\enue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ending March. 31st, 1923.
Operating Expense  Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff   .-  $ 14,622 66
Other employees        105,400 42
 $120,113 08
Office supplies—
Books and journals   $        92 48
Postage and office supplies           1,543 00
Telegrams and telephone           1,116 16
 2,751 73
Travelling expenses    '  956 87
Fuel, water, light, and power—
Fuel   $ 30,605 71
Water          3,938 08
Light and power           3,724 54
      38,268 33
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals    $ 11,814 14
Janitors' supplies           1,373 42
 13,187 56
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding      $    1,870 05
Furniture and fixtures           1,457 66
Miscellaneous           2,808 63
         6,136 94
Provisions—
Groceries      $ 40,194 76
Meats          11,373 77
Fish         3,590 90
 55,159 43
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $ 11,306 99
Boots and slippers          2,656 20
 13,963 19
Medical and surgical supplies—
Medicines and drugs    $   1,868 54
Surgical instruments    987 26
 2,855 80
Examinations, committals, and transportation-—
Examinations       $ 5 00
Transportation    261 71
  266 71
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements     $ 715 33
Gratuities     442 40
Funerals     ■ 1,380 00
Auto-tires     74 35
Auto-repairs     677 91
Gasolene and oils    1,082 69
Tools and implements   390 14
Freight and cartage  66 07
Miscellaneous    2,975 47
 7,804 36
Total expenditure for year by voucher  $261,464 00
Carried forward   $261,464 00
 V A4- Mental Hospitals. 1923
Table F.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Essondale Hospital for 12 Months
ending March 31st, 1923.—Continued.
Operating Expense Accounts—Continued.
Brought forward      $261,464 00
Institution Trading Accounts—
Colony Farm supplies—
Dairy produce    $ 22,252 38
Meats   6,123 87
Eggs and poultry    3,002 72
Fruit, vegetables, etc  13,409 90
Miscellaneous     1,475 91
Canned goods   3,506 60
 49,771 38
Public Hospital for Insane—
Uniforms and clothing   $    8,355 00
Boots      42 00
Provisions  90 00
 8,487 00
Mental Home, Saanich, turkeys and geese  166 90
$319,889 28
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts. Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries    .•  $119,893 08 $127,194
Expenses—
Office supplies     2,751 73 2.919
Travelling expenses    956 87 1.015
Fuel, water, light, and power   39,001 61 41.376
Maintenance and repairs     14,294 78 15.166
Furniture and fixtures    7,75S 72 8.231
Provisions     96,566 16 102.448
Clothing, boots, and slippers   23,015 70 24.417
Medical and surgical supplies   2,855 80 3.029
Examinations, committals, and transportation    266 71 .283
Incidentals and unforeseen    5,594 36 5.935
Total gross expenditure      $312,055 52        $332,013
Less patient-labour (against market price for farm produce)   ..      19,097 00 20.259
$293,858 52        $311,754
Less Revenue Account (maintenance of patients)         48.448 69 51.400
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients . . $245,409 83       $260,354
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, Essondale, March 31st, 1923      061
Daily average population, Essondale, for year      942.CO
Gross maintenance per capita cost, 1 year    $332.01
1  day 909
Net maintenance per capita cost, 1. year       260.35
„ „ „ 1 day    .713
Capital Expenditure.
New cottages  $9,588 58
Grading of grounds      2,602 70
Irrigation of lawns      1,367 97
 13 Geo. 5 Financial Tables. V 45
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months ending
March 31st, 1923.
Operating Expense Accounts.
Operating expenditure by voucher—
Salaries—
Medical and clerical staff     $    2,820 00
Other employees         14,756 53
 $ 17,576 53
Office supplies—
Postage and office supplies    $      155 57
Telegrams and telephone    119 77
  275 34
Travelling expenses   51 94
Fuel, light, water, and power—
Fuel     $    5,196 64
Water    169 32
Light and power  980 33
 0,346 29
Maintenance and repairs—
Repairs and renewals     $    2,063 37
Janitors' supplies     115 58
        2,178 95
Furniture and fixtures—
Bedding      $ 97 92
Furniture and fixtures   199 50
Miscellaneous '.  258 74
  556 16
Provisions—
Groceries     $    7,105 06
Meats            3,847 88
Fish     678 55
 11,631 49
Uniforms and clothing—
Clothing     $    2,130 63
Boots and slippers    324 34
 2,454 97
Medical and surgical supplies—
Medicines and drugs     $       173 20
Surgical instruments     71 00
  244 20
Examinations, committals, and transportation    23 05
Incidentals and unforeseen—
Amusements      $      452 64
Funerals   187 50
Auto-tires    52 80
Auto-repairs      280 47
Gasolene and oils  93 41
Tools and implements    90 51
Freight and cartage   13 95
Miscellaneous           4,136 35
 5,307 63
Total expenditure for year by voucher    $ 46,646 55
Carried forward.     $ 46,646 55
 V 4G
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Table G.—Expense and Revenue Statement of the Saanich Hospital for 12 Months ending
March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Operating Expense Account—Continued.
Brought forward     $ 46,646 55
Institution Trading Accounts—
New Westminster Hospital, clothing and uniforms           1,085 00
$ 47,731 55
Summary of Profit and Loss Accounts.
Yearly
Per Capita
Cost.
Salaries      $ 17.576 53        $137,779
Expenses—
Office supplies     275 34 2.158
Travelling expenses    51 94 .407
Fuel, water, light, and power  6,2t.0 04 49.071
Maintenance and repairs    2,178 05 17.080
Furniture and fixtures :  319 05 2.501
Provisions     11,298 85 88.571
Clothing     3,597 70 28.202
Medical and-surgical supplies   244 20 1.914
Examinations, committals, and transportation   23 05 .ISO
Incidentals and unforeseen  5,389 36 42.247
Total gross expenditure     $ 47,215 01        $370,110
Less collections to Treasury         5,698 29 44.668
Net cost to Government for maintenance of patients..  $ 41,516 7.
$325,442
Remarks.
Total patients in residence, March 31st, 1923   130
Daily average population for year  127.57
Gross maintenance per capita cost per year   $370.11
„                   „               „            per day     1.014
Net maintenance per capita cost per year   325.44
„                 „                 „           per day   .891
Revenue of Mental Hospitals since Inception.
1874	
    680 00
1875	
.... 1,342 60
1876	
730 31
1877	
799 91
1878	
479 42
1879	
867 38
1880	
.... 1,433 04
1881	
614 99
1882	
505 18
1883.
298 24
1884	
98 35
1885 .
1886	
50 00
1887	
720 59
1888	
750 00
1890	
    599 24
1891	
    761 15
1894  $2,709 53
1895     4,409 23
1896     3,741 71
1897       3,816 80
1898     4,003 79
1899     4,769 04
1900     6,893 33
1901   12,800 76
1902   10,926 23
1903   13,639 64
1904    15,004 22
1905   16,613 18
1906 19,058 42
1907     20,753 35
1908     25,807 S3
1909  25,845 65
1910  26,137 38
1911 30,100 20
1912    35,151 97
1913  40,756 56
1914     42,731 83
1915, New West.$18,046 21
1915, Essondale. 16,329 72
1916, New West. 18,135 91
1916, Essondale. 21,889 74
1917, New West. 21,435 93
1917, Essondale. 25,350 09
1918, New West. 35,169 86
1918, Essondale. 32,100 14
1919-20, N. West. 45,921 06
1919-20, Es'ndale 53,740 40
1919-20, Saanich 3,215 39
1920-21, N. West. 38,323 55
1920-21, Es'ndale 46,418 81
1920-21, Saanich 3,580 31
1921-22, N. West. 38,409 52
1921-22, Es'ndale 43,078 91
1921-22, Saanich 4,263 65
1922-23, N. West. 34,118 55
1922-23, Es'ndale 48,448 69
1922-23, Saanich   5,698 29
 13 Geo. 5 Tailor's Eeport. V 47
TAILOR'S REPORT, 1922-23.
Essondale.
Uniforms—
01 uniform suits at $40    $3,640 00
87 uniform pants at $10        870 00
 $ 4,510 00
Clothing for patients—
186 coats and pants at $10   $3,534 00
2 coats, vests, and pants at $22  44 00
1 pair pants at $6.50  6 50
10 stock coats and pants at $10 ,        190 00
     3,774 50
Repairs—
2,537 coats at 50 cents    $1,268 50
3,013 pairs pants at 40 cents     1,565 20
862 vests at 30 cents         258 60
—     3,092 30
$11,376 SO
New Westminster.
Uniforms—
45 uniform suits at $40   $1,800 00
43 uniform pants at $10  430 00
 $ 2,230 00
Clothing for patients—
2 suits, special, at $19  $    38 00
2 suits at $22   ,  44 00
95 stock coats at $12.50   1,117 50
145 stock pants at $650  942 50
24 rugs (labour only) at $5  120 00
12 cottonade aprons at 60 cents  7 20
29 bed-ticks (labour only) at 35 cents   10 15
     2,279 35
Repairs—■
145 coats at 50 cents  $    72 50
280 pairs pants at 40 cents         112 00
37 vests at 30 cents  11 10
46 rugs at $1.50    CO 00
         264 60
$ 4,773 05
COLQUITZ.
Uniforms—
0 uniform suits at $40    $   360 00
0 uniform pants at $10  30 00
  $   450 00
Clothing for patients—
30 coats at $12.50   $   375 00
40 pairs pants at $6.50         260 00
        635 00
$ 1.085 00
Miscellaneous work    $      62 25
 V 48 Mental Hospitals. 1923
Statement of Tailor-shop, 1922-23.
Production—
For Mental Hospital, Essondale—
Attendants' uniforms  $4,510 00
Patients' clothing  3,774 50
Repairs  3,002 30
 $11,376 80
For Public Hospital for Insane, New Westminster—
Attendants' uniforms $2,230 00
Patients' clothing  2,270 35
Repairs      264 60
 —   4,773 95
For Mental Home, Saanich—
Attendants' uniforms  $   450 OO
Patients' clothing      635 00
 1,085 00
Miscellaneous work         .62 25
$17,20S 00
Proceeds of sale of rags   12 55
Material on hand, March 31st,' 1923     2,834 07
 $20,144 62
Costs—■
Material on hand, March 31st, 1022  $ 3,150 73
Salaries—
Tailors   $3,928 06
Seamstresses  2,400 00
 6,328 06
Electric power   $    50 00
Electric light        30 00
 80 00
Material purchased     10.17S 33
 19,746 12
Profit on operations   $    308 50
SHOEMAKER'S REPORT, 1922-23.
New Westminster.
New work—
106 pairs men's boots  .• $ 666 00
101 pairs men's slippers   307 00
2 pairs'women's boots  12 00
3 pairs women's low shoes  15 00
10 pairs women's slippers   31 00
 $ 1,031 00
Repairs—■
226 pairs men's boots  $   615 40
135 pairs women's boots      217 30
        832 70
$ 1.S63 70
 13 Geo. 5
Production Tables.
V 49
Essondale.
New work—
2% pairs men's boots $    26 00
3 pairs slippers        12 00
1 pair girls' boots         4 00
Repairs—
456 pairs men's boots  $   836 70
184 pairs  slippers         188 05
$      42 00
 1,025 65
$ 1,067 65
Statement of Shoemaker-shop, 1022-23. :   ■ ■=
Production—
New Westminster—■
New work   $1,031 00
Repairs      832 70
 $ 1,863 70
Essondale—■
New work   $    42 00
Repairs   1,025 65
 1,067 65
Material on hand, March 31st, 1923        520 80
 $ 3,452 15
Costs-
Salary of Shoemaker $ 1,320 00
Material purchased     1,373 24
Light and power  35 00
Material on hand, March 31st, 1922        425 73
     3,153 97
Profit  on  operations    $    208 18
PRODUCTION TABLES.
4
Work done by Male Patients, New Westminster, 1922-23.
Days.
Auto-truck    365
Baker     1,022
Carpenter   922
Dining-room  5,049
Engineer  750
Farmer    4,991
Florist  365
Gardener     3,475
Gate  365
Kitchen  1,912
Laboratory      365
Laundry     2,125
Lawns   1,116
Days.
Poultry    730
Painter    1,419
Plasterer     570
Plumber  306
Porter    1,095
Scullery     730
Shoemaker   843
Tailor    ,  565
Teamster     397
Ward-work     3,905
Cemetery     508
Upholsterer     171
Work done by Patients, Essondale, 1922-23.
Days.
Attic        4,300
Billiard-room and basement     4,370
Bake-shop        1,200
4
Days.
General work       3,287
Kitchen and scullery       3,765
Lawns      2,151
 V 50
Iental Hospitals.
1923
Wobk done by Patients, Essondale, 1022-23—Continued.
Days.
Boiler-room and Engineer  1,750
Carpenter .,  300
Civil Engineer    050
Clearing    1,265
Coal and coke   909
Colony Farm and Nursery   20,597
Dining-room      8,031
Dykes, drains, and ditches    1,813
Excavations  1,762
Feeble-minded Building  730
Grade     5,122
Laundry   	
Miscellaneous   	
Mason and plasterer
Painter	
Roads   	
Rock-crushing 	
Stables and teaming
Tool-house   	
Ward-work   	
Water-mains   	
Days.
7,300
3,600
2,189
1,800
1,485
160
1,023
301
64,750
471
Articles made by Female Patients, New Westminster, 1022-23.
Aprons   	
Caps, uniform
Dresses 	
Cuffs, pairs  ..
Blouses 	
Chemises ....
Nightdresses .
Handkerchiefs
Neckties   	
Rag mats ....
Petticoats ....
Sheets  	
397
73
143
299
42
336
288
7
130
765
Table-cloths ...
Roller-towels .
. Tea-towels
Tray-cloths ...
Table-napkins .
Pillow-slips .. .
Pillow-shams ..
Curtains, pairs
Bureau-covers .
Hand-towels ..
Centre pieces ..
34
257
139
197
36
568
32
60
42
49
15
Aprons
Table-cloths
Articles made for Essondale by New Westminster, 1922-23..
12
87
Sheets
Pillow-slips
892
703
Mending done for Female Patients, New Westminster, 1922-23.
Aprons     607
Wool blankets '  473
Blouses  198
Chemises     1,567
Drawers, pairs    2,867
Dresses    2,498
Dresses, night  1,534
Hose, pairs   ....  4,459
Pillow-slips  158
Sheets  	
Skirts   	
Bed-spreads ..
Table-cloths .
Bath-towels .
Roller-towels
Bed-ticks ...
Pillow-ticks .
Undervests ..
792
1,456
380
189
186
92
143
2,013
Mending done for Male Patients, New Westminster, 1022-23.
Aprons     187 Table-cloths 	
Wool blankets  352 Bath-towels  	
Drawers, pairs   2,501 Roller-towels 	
Pillow-slips   .■  380 Bed-ticks   	
Sheets  1,137 Pillow-ticks   	
Top shirts    2,523 Coats, white   _	
Undershirts    2,667 Sweaters    •	
Socks, pairs  11,592 Overalls, pairs  	
Bed-spreads   417
194
193
130
57
9
83
16
29
 13 Geo.
Supplies, New Westminster.
V 51
Laundry-work done for Provincial Industrial School for Boys by- Essondale, 1922-23.
572 table-covers at 6 cents $    34 32
1,664 shirts, grey, at 5 cents   83 20
1,560 shirts, duck, at 5 cents  78 00
3,120 shirts, night, at 0 cents    187 20
9,672 pairs socks at 2 cents  193 44
884 coats, white, at 10 cents   88-40
100 pairs pants, cloth, at 25 cents   25 00
2,288 overalls at 15 cents   343 20
5,356 combination suits at 12 cents   642 72
780 blankets at 20 cents    156 00
9,516 sheets at 3 cents  2S6 48
8,892 pillow-slips at 2 cents   177 84
676 counterpanes at 10 cents   67 60
8,840 bath-towels at 2 cents •.'.'.  176 SO
2,236 crash towels at 1 cent   22 36
832 roller-towels at 2 cents   16 64
1,040 napkins at 2 cents   20 80
$2,600 00
SUPPLIES, MEW WESTMINSTER.
Supplies received from Home Farmer, 1922-23.
Dressed chicken, lb    275%
Dressed duck, lb    292
Dressed pork, lb   12,360
Eggs,  doz     1,376
Garden Produce, 1922-23.
Fruit.
Apples      20,640 lb.
Cherries     90 „
Strawberries            365 „
Raspberries             880 „
Gooseberries     -90 lb.
Plums     29,811 „
Pears  1,980 „
Red currants   1,210 „
Vegetables.
Carrots     13,845 lb.
Cucumbers            173 only.
Chard   2,445 lb.
Beets     6,705 „
String  beans           587 „
Ripe tomatoes    2,335 „
Green tomatoes        455 „
Green corn         391 doz.
Green onions   1,000 lb.
Cooking-onions     2,860 „
Green peas     720 „
Early potatoes    16,S71 „
Pumpkins      1,490 „
Lettuce    1,105 doz.
Rhubarb    6,460 „
Parsley     40 bunches.
 SUPPLIES, SAANICH.
Farm and Garden Produce, Mental Home. Colquitz, 1922-23.
Vegetables and Feed.
Apples  1,168 lb.
Apples,  crab     60   „
Pears    744   „
Plums     298   „
Raspberries     415  „
Raspberries, black-caps     60   „
Beans, broad    215   „
Beans, wax     204   „
Beets     1,900   „
Citrons     237   „
Cucumbers     126 only.
Cauliflowers    253 heads.
Cabbage     1,468 lb.
Carrots, table  17,905   „
Corn    2,290 ears.
Lettuce    :. 428 heads.
Marrows  497 lb.
Onions, green  690 bunches.
To Seeds, including flower-seeds and
bulbs for ornamentation   $   200 75
Manure          200 00
Profit      1,506 83
Onions, dry     4,300 lb.
Peas          211   „
Parsley     20 bunches.
Potatoes  27,000 lb.
Parsnips    2,200  „
Rhubarb     2,401   „
Swiss chard . .
Sage	
Thyme  	
Tomatoes   ....
Turnips, white
272   „
8 bunches.
6      „
050 lb.
321   „
Turnips, yellow        1,025
Celery   	
Leeks  	
Oat-hay   	
White carrots
Mangels	
411 heads.
593 lb.
10 tons.
7%     „
9     „
By Vegetables consumed  $1,027 08
Vegetables on hand         405 50
Stock-feed         535 00
$1,967 58
$1,967 58
Dairy.
To Maintenance   $   808 70       By Milk produced, 39,408 lb $1,508 35
Profit           784 77 (Butter from surplus milk, 172 lb.)
Veal, 142 lb        25 12
$1,593 47
$l,59ji-45.
-T1' ' —
Piggery.
To Maintenance     $678 85       By Dressed pork  $705 28
Profit     204 83 Increased stock       178 40
$883 68
$883 68
Chickens.
To Maintenance     $178 00
Profit     14253
$320 53
By Eggs and poultry   $266 03
Increased stock          54 50
$320 53
Eggs, 594 dozen; dressed fowl, 124 lb.
 13 Geo. 5 Supplies, Saanich. V 53
Farm and Garden Produce, Mental Home, Colquitz, 1922-23—Continued.
Turkeys.
To  Maintenance    "...  $123 05        By Dressed birds     $249 40
Profit     126 35
$249 40 $249 40
Geese.
To Maintenance   $ 69 00       By Dressed birds    $162 75
Profit          93 75
$162 75 $162 75
Rabbits.
To Maintenance   $109 90       By Dressed rabbit     $159 20
Profit       80 30 Increased stock       40 00
$199 20 $199 20
Summary.
To Profit-
Fruit, vegetables,  and feed    $1,566 83
Dairy  (4 cows)     784 77
Piggery  204 83
Chickens    142 53
Turkeys     126 35
Geese    93 75
Rabbits     89 30
Total profit     $3,008 36
N.B.—All prices based on wholesale market value on day of consumption.
 '■'■  ■ ''■''-■
V 54 Mental Hospitals. 1923
PART III.—COLONY FARM.
FARM SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.
Essondale, B.C., March 31st, 1923.
Dr. H. 0, Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM.,
General Medical Superintendent, Public Hospital for Insane,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith report on the operations of Colony Farm for
the fiscal year ending March 31st, 1923.
All crops were very satisfactory in spite of an exceptionally dry growing season. This
can be attributed chiefly to the location of the farm, which allows us natural sub-irrigation,
and also to the heavy nature of the soil under crop this season. These two factors, combined
with careful cultivation, resulted in crops which gave in some cases higher than an average
yield. Harvesting conditions were unprecendently favourable, and this allowed all crops to
be gathered in almost perfect form. Some 40 acres of the low peat land on the home farm,
which had been seeded to permanent pasture this season, gave us better returns than we have
ever obtained from pasture land in previous years. We consider that this treatment of this
particular land, which has not been the most productive in the past, will be of permanent
benefit to it in the future.
Cattle.—The production of the herd this year, both in regard to milk and offspring, has
been better than was anticipated. A total of 956,999.8 lb. of milk was produced from an average
of sixty-two milking cows, which is equivalent to 15,435 lb. per cow per year, or 42.3 lb. per
cow per day. This is a decided increase over any previous year in the farm's history: This
production was sufficient to keep both the New Westminster and Essondale Hospitals supplied
with ample milk for the entire year, as well as to raise the progeny of the cows.
Among the more notable animals developed was " Colony Grebegga Valdessa," a senior
2-year-old, who made 28,371 lb. milk, which established a new world's record for her age. The
general health of the herd has never been better than it is at the present time.
The improvement in health and yield is reflected in the cost of production, which was 5
cents per gallon less this year than in the previous year. The dairy was operated at a satisfactory profit, but this was to some extent offset by the necessity of writing down the value
of the herds in keeping with the prevailing market and in the sale of surplus stock to farmers
in the Province at very reasonable prices.
Horses.—We continue to maintain a force of useful work-horses, which has been increased
both in number and quality during the year. This condition resulted in the performing of a
larger number of hours of work at a reduced price as compared to last year. Breeding operations in this department have been very light.
Sheep.—The usual small flock of sheep has been maintained, and owing to the disposal
as meat of all grade lambs at the end of the feeding season, a reasonable profit "was obtained
and the institutions were supplied with a high grade of lamb at market prices. Although
winter conditions do not permit us to keep a much larger flock at present, very profitable
utilization could be made of surplus forage in the fall by feeding off lambs or sheep for institution use.
Hogs.—During the year this department has been materially increased by the erection of
a new piggery at Essondale, which has resulted in increased benefit to the farm and institution.
Not only has a large quantity of high-grade pork been produced, but we are now in a position
to supply all the ham, bacon, and sausages that both institutions will require.
Nursery and Truck-gardens.—Large quantities of shrubs and trees have been supplied from
this department to schools and various institutions throughout the Province, and in addition
an endeavour has been made to increase the production of fruit and vegetables for the use of
the Hospital. In this connection, some 4 acres of land on the home farm have been devoted
to berry-growing for cannery purposes. The operation of the cannery in a small way has been
most gratifying; all surplus fruit and suitable vegetables were canned and, I understand,
proved highly satisfactory to the Hospitals. With the experience gained and improved equipment, it is expected that the results during the coming year will be more valuable.
 -
13 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. V 55
In the winter work was commenced on clearing the right-of-way for the projected dyke
on the Wilson property. Satisfactory progress was made, and when the work is completed
approximately 200 acres of valuable land will be added.
All of which is respectfully submitted. P. H. Moore,
Farm Superinten dent.
BURSAR'S REPORT.
H. C Steeves, B.A., M.D., CM., Essondale, B.C., July 2nd, 1923.
General Medical Superintendent, Menial Hospitals,
New Westminster, B.C.
Sir,—In a general review of the balance-sheets and Profit and Loss Accounts of Colony
Farm's operations for the fiscal year ending March 31st, 1923, I am very pleased to call to
your attention the profit for the year of $300.75, after taking care of all lossess and deaths
of stock.   This is gratifying in comparison with the very unsatisfactory showing made in 1922.
This year, according to Mr. Moore, Farm Superintendent, crops have been very satisfactory
and production good.
In the Dairy Department the total milk production of 950,999.8 lb. at cost of 36.6 cents per
gallon compares very favourably with last year of 821,251.7 lb. at 41% cents, which is a
reduction of about 5 cents per gallon. The herd shows an increase, while the value of our
inventories have been marked down by Mr. Moore to a very conservative value.
The Horse Department produced in labour some 36,718 hours of team-labour at a cost
of 35.3 cents per horse-hour. This department shows a substantial profit of $5,400.21, which
is an increase of $600 over last year.
Sheep Department.—This department shows a profit for the year 1923 of $1,066.67, as
compared with a loss last year of $651.99, and their sales being some four times the amount
the previous year.
Hog Department.—We have an increase in our herd in this department amounting to
$11,719.62, against that of last year amounting to $9,863.02. Sales were made during the year
of 40,424 lb. of produce, valued at $7,272.41, against last year's 36,982 lb., valued at $6,224.94.
The profits for the year of this department amount to $3,209.64, against the loss of $53.78
last year. There has been a marked improvement in this department, both in operation and
the equipment, which no doubt accounts for the satisfactory showing.
Poultry Department.—I regret to have to call attention to another loss in this department
amounting to $677.47, as compared with $312.09 last year. We have a decrease of $92.74 in
receipts, inventories reduced from $4,675.5.0 to $4,176.12, while expenses have increased in
salaries, feed, etc., from $2,934.53 to $3,321.55. With due respect to all connected with this
department, the loss does not seem warranted in my opinion, and by careful management here
this might be easily turned from a loss to a gain.
Cannery.—Production in this new department amounted to $3,506.60, produced at a cost
of $2,040.93, leaving a profit of $2,041.67 for the year. By referring to -the itemized profit
and loss statement under this head you will note the various productions and the expenditures
in connection with it. While this has been a venture, it seems to have proved its worth from
the start and has materially helped the Hospitals in its change of diet during the year.
Truck-garden.—This account will show a profit of some $4,568.85, after reduction of
inventories of some $2,125. This is a big increase of our profit and loss statement over last
year in this department.
Crops Department.—In this department, which covers potatoes, oats, hay, ensilage, onions,
carrots, turnips, and mangels, we have a profit of some $12,090.96, as compared with $8,221
for 1922. Careful perusal of the crop accounts and reference to the enclosed map will prove
of great interest in reviewing this department.
Our Shrinkage and Rot Account, which in 1922 showed a loss of $5,7S1.37, I am very
happy to state this year only amounts to the sum of $321.36. While the Coquitlam flood was
responsible in a large measure for our potatoes and various produce rotting in 1922, still
with our new root-sheds we are fortunate now, and I am quite convinced that this loss will
be kept to a minimum in the future.
Pasturage Account, which amounted to $944.25 in 1922, has increased to $1,173 for this
year.
 V 56
Mental Hospitals.
1923
Our big operating loss, of course, in connection with the farm is our general expense
account, which includes all maintenance and administration expenses. This is practically the
same as last year, being some $387.90 of a reduction.
During the year our maintenance and repairs were heavy; replacements, upkeep, painting,
and various necessary work done, which heavily increased our operating expenditure, but kept
the farm up to the high standard that it has always been the aim of the institution to uphold.
All of which is respectfully submitted. G. S. Macgowan, Bursar.
BALANCE-SHEET, COLONY FARM AND BRANCHES.
April 1st 1922, to March 31st, 1923.
Land Account— Assets. Assets
Colony Farm $107,390 13
Wilson Annex      61,206 13
 $168,596 26
Buildings      188,720 98
Water system         4,311 25
Bridge        7,571 89
Fencing, pavements, and roadways      57,258 82
Equipment       25,735 88
Live stock1—
Bulls, as per inventory  $    1,200 00
Cows, as per inventory       28,570 00
Yearlings, as per inventory        8,112 08
Calves, as per inventory         2,240 00
Work-horses, as per inventory          6,175 00
Young horses, as per inventory         2,322 85
Sheep, as per inventory       1,131 00
Hogs, as per inventory        4,262 25
Hogs, feed, as per inventory ... •.  184 96
Poultry, as per inventory         1,080 05
Poultry, feed, as per inventory   85 35
Sundry inventories—     55,363 52
Feed    $ 13,251 16
Canned goods   576 00
Gasolene  46 80
Cream  18 22
Nursery and truck-garden      42,139 09
Accounts receivable—      56,031 27
Boys' Industrial School  $        32 00
Accounts receivable  710 40
Notes receivable     500 00
 1,242 40
Growing Crops Apportionment Account        7,251 00
Liabilities.
Suspense Account   j
Uphill Account	
Surplus Account   $740,410 67
Loss to March 31st, 1922 $63,661 01
Loss Account, Sunbury      9,655 60
 73,316 61
$667,094 06
Profit for year ending March 31st, 1923   300 75
$667,394 81
Less Patient-labour Account      95,735 00
Liabilities.
183 48
239 98
571,659 81
$572,083 27 $572,083 27
 13 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
V 57
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V 58
Mental Hospitals.
192-
DAIRY AND HERDS DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1023;
Expenses.
Total expense for 12 months     $35,034 7S
March 31, 1922.    Inventory    5 40
 $35,040 18
Production.
Dairy produce supplied     $40,901 90
Prize-money received from associations  29 00
March 31, 1923.    Inventory  ■.  18 22
 40,949 12
Profit in dairy for 12 months     $ 5,908 94
n  •                                    Production and Costs Account, March 31st, 1923. Production
iJdny LI). Milk. '
Salaries and upkeep   $2,869 28
Employees,  coal     80 52
Coal  60S 23
Test-cows—    $ 3,618 03
Salaries and upkeep   $3,317 06
Feed    9,860 96
Board of employees   1,177 50
General herd—  14,355 52     380,321.2
Salaries and upkeep $ 4,303 27
Feed   11,227 16
Board of employees   1,625 00
Pasturage    648 00
Horse-labour     506 00
 18,309 43     576,678.6
$36,282 98
Less allowance for manure        1,24S 20
$35,034 78
March 31, 1922.    Inventory   5 40
$35,040 18     956,999.8
Milk Production, March 31st, 1923. '   '
1922.                                                                                                                              Production. Cost
April  79,933.7 $ 2,730 17
May  90,964.3 3,016 13
June    88,631.3 2,384 29
July     91,256.9 2,690 92
August   88,169.7 2,621 36
September  80,316.5 2,695 28
October     73,458.8 2,560 95
November     67,102.8 3,390 45
December  69,274.3 3,582 57
1923.
January      77,257.6 3,503 39
February   68,311.5 3,505 71
March .'  82,322.4 2,353 56
Totals  956,999.8 $35,034 78
Average cost of production and handling, 36.6 cents per gallon. ' ■ ' - =
 13 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
V 59
BULL DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling
price.
Remarks.
Colony Posch Champion  . .
Colony Prince Posch Paul
Los
$400 00
200 00
$600 00
10 00
$500 00
$10 00
$10 00
Died.
Slaughtered.
Bull Service Account—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
Old People's Home  ,   $ 5 00
Girls' Industrial School
00
$10 00
MATURE COW DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st. 1923.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1022.
$       5 00
10 00
250 00
250 00
250 00
500 00
250 00
300 00
4.057 73
$133 30
133 30
133 40
5 00
Died
May     31. Colony Eva Netherland DeKol   	
Slaughtered.
"
-
1923.
Died.
Written off by Farm Superintendent on revaluation. .
$5,872 73
405 00
$405 00
$5,467 73
Abstract of Loss.
Deaths and destroyed   $1,410 00
Loss on revaluation     4,057 73
$5,467 73
 .
V 60
Mental Hospitals.
1923
YOUNG CATTLE DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1922.
April    30.
May        1.
May
3.
June
28
Aug.
3.
Aug.
10.
Oct.
31.
Nov.     28
Dec.       31.
1923.
Jan.     31.
Feb.       28.
March 31.
Colony Mechthilde Posch  	
Colony King Posch	
Colony Poetess Camille	
Colony Yvonne Camille	
Colony Esther Newman   	
Colony Canary Countess	
Colony Posch Champion 2nd   	
Colony Colantha Posch	
Colony Posch Champion 6th  	
Colony  Calamity   	
Colony Posch Champion 8th	
Colony Ormsby Posch  	
Colony Homestead Posch  	
Colony Perfection Newman   	
Account Colony Mechthilde Posch  	
Colony McKinley King Pontiac	
Colony Newman Posch  	
Colony Lad McKinley  	
Hides sold 	
Colony Veeman Koba  	
Colony Posch Champion 3rd   	
Colony DeKol Posch  	
Account Colony Lord Aagie Champion 4th
Colony Posch Champion 4th  	
Hides sold  	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 2nd	
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 3rd	
Colony Koba McKinley 4th   	
Colony iSir Koningen Posch 	
Colony Cornucopia Posch  	
Colony  Colentha Pauline   	
Colony Koba McKinley 5th   	
Loss
110 00
172 70
65 25
65 25
88 25
92 10
53 75
44 77
35 82
31
25
33
11
20 11
25 11
20 11
298 96
48 O0
32 01
21 12
179 52
232 32
205 48
33 20
27 70
16 60
264 00
220 00
21 66
36 10
$2,486 33
2,124 19
362 14
200 00
.500 00
90 00
90 00
1O0 00
100 00
75 00<
19 50
16 65
15 00
6 48
11 16
10 68
9 84
75
39 60
10 80
10 80
7 21
200 00
100 00
4 70
200 00
6 68
15 00
15 00
12 00
100 00
140 00
17 34
$2,124 19
So
Butchered.
Butchered.
Died.
Sold.
Sold.
Butchered.
Sold.
Died.
Butchered.
* Balance.
Abstract of Loss.
Deaths     $ 42 78
Losses on calves butchered and destroyed  471 19
$513 97
Profit on sales    151 83
Loss   $362 14
 13 Geo. 5
Colony Farm.
V 61
YOUNG CATTLE   (YEARLINGS)  DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
' 1922.
$251 20
245 10
$ 51  12
300 00
1923.
Transferred.
$496 30
351  12
$351  12
$145 18
STALLION  DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
June 1, 1022.    Colony Everlasting Favourite, $300 (loss on transfer).
WORK-HORSE DEPARTMENT.
Sales and Deaths Account. March 31st, 1923.
Name of Animal.
Asset
Value.
Selling-
price.
Remarks.
1923.
$200 00
275 00
450 00
$10 00
Killed.
Died.
March 31. Loss on revaluation by Farm Superintendent	
%.
$925 00
10 00
$10 00
$915 00
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Expenses.
Salaries and upkeep  $7,043 38
Feed  5.443 21
Board of employees  2,010 00
Sundries      74 00
$14,570 59
Less allowance for manure    $ 353 80
„     teamsters' salaries reversed     720 00
„     blacksmith-work for public works   522 00
,,    blacksmith-work for cash   16 00
1,611 80
$12,958 79
Returns.
Horse-labour charged to Crop and other departments at 50 cents per one horse-hour $18,359 00
Profit   ? 5,400 21
Note.—Against outlay of $12,958.79, 36.718 hours of team-labour were performed at a cost
of 35.3 cents per horse-hour.
 — ^— ——:—!T ■     . - .——	
'■-•■-       ■   - . ■■■'.■..■.■ ■      :■■■■-''■- '■■':■■■       ■    •    ■
V 62
Mental Hospitals.
1923
WORK-HORSE  DEPARTMENT—Cow..nued.
Horse-labour Account, March 31st, 1923.
1922.                                                                                                                     Hours. Cost.
April        3,741 $ 1,309 73
May        3,830 1,273 91
June        3,498% 1,108 12
July        3,135 1,116 95
August     3,149 1,293 76
September    ,     2,796 1,282 40
October        2,908 1,074 81
November     3,042 1,141 82
December     2,340% 1,220 12
1923.
January     2,529 1,121 79
February        2,526 1,287 45
March      3,223 985 93
36,718 $14,216 79
Less blacksmith-work, etc :       1,258 00
$12,958 79
SHEEP DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st,  1923.
Receipts.
By Sales—
3 ewes, Charnley  $    39 00
1 ram, Experimental Farm   45 00
Dividend, Canadian Co-operative Wool-growers   80
14 ewes, J. Holt   140 00
H. Wellstead, ram  35 00
J. J. Riley, ram    25 00
Wool sold, B.C. Wool-growers' Association  188 37
Pelts sold   71 54
6,007 lb. lamb supplied Mental Hospital   1,509 98
Inventory, March 31, 1923—   $2,054 69
20 ewes, Oxford Down, aged   $   400 00
14 ewes, Oxford Down  210 00
12 shearling ewes  192 00
7 shearling ewes  70 00
5 wethers    50 00
1 ram  (Bruce Boy, 17)     50 00
1 ram (Colony, 181)     75 00
1 ram   (Colony, 222)  40 00
4 wethers (grade)    44 00
 1,131 00
 $3,185 09
Expenses.
Vouchers     $     40 44
Feed   342 08                                   ■■
Pasturage    240 00
 $   622 52
Carried forward     $  622 52 $3,185 69
 13 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. V 63
SHEEP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account—Continued.
Expenses—Continued.
Brought forward  ,   $   622 52 $3,185 69
Inventory, March 31, 1922—
25 aged ewes, pure-bred  $  437 50
11 shearling ewes, pure-bred  154 00
4 shearling rams    100 00
3 2-year-old rams  90 00
1 aged ram    75 00
42 aged ewes        420 00
19 shearling ewes    '        190 00
4 shearling  wethers     30 00
     1,496 50
    2,119 02
Profit   $1,066 67
HOG DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
By Sales—
Live hogs, 45 head  $   722 82
990 lb. bacon and ham   206 50
140 lb. liver, etc  14 00
Manure    260 00
Pork to Essondale Hospital, 27,784 lb  4,132 42
Pork to New Westminster Hospital, 12,640 lb  1,936 67
 $7,272 41
Inventory, March 31, 1923—
Essondale—
1 hog, 11 months old  $     33 60
1 sow, 12 months old   34 40
2 sows, 11 months old   57 60
7 pigs, 5 months old   75 00
15 pigs, 6 months old   420 00
18 pigs, 7 months old   426 15
52 pigs, young  520 00
Pork ou hand and sundries   264 50
New Westminster—
20 brood sows, 2-5 years old   1,000 00
23 fat pigs, 1 year old   575 00
10 slips, 6 months old  150 00
05 slips, 2%-3 months old ...'.  520 00
29 slips, 4 months old    116 00
3 boars     70 00
    4,262 25
Feed        184 96
 $11,719 62
Carried forward    $11,719 62
 V 64
Mental Hospitals.
1923
HOG  DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Profit and Loss Account—Continued.
Brougltt forward   	
Expenses.
Salaries   $1,247 97
Feed   2,597 93
Horse-labour     723 00
Coal     18 00
Board, employees   180 00
811,719 62
3 sows purchased from Experimental Farm ,.:	
Boar from McKee 	
Inventory, March 31, 1922—
Essondale    r   $  978 08
New Westminster      2,660 00
$4,766 90
45 00
60 00
3,638 08
8,509 98
Profit   $ 3,209 64
New Westminster Institution
1922.
April.
4
hogs,
877 lb.
at 17 cei
May.
5
,,
1,177      ,
,     17     „
June.
4
J
1,015     ,
,      17      „
July.
5
,
1,310     ,
,      17     „
Aug.
4
,
1,011     ,
,      17      „
Sept.
4
1
1,0S3     ,
,      16      „
Oct.
5
»
1,229     ,
,      14.    „
Nov.
4
,
952     ,
,      14      „
1
bog,
280     ,
,      10      „
Dec.
4
hogs,
895     ,
,      14      „
1923.
Jan.
5
3"
1,151      ,
,      15      „
Feb.
4
))
855      ,
,      13      „
March.
4
J
805     ,
,      13     „
-Pork supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1923.
cents  $
(live)
149 09
200 09
172 55
222 70
171 87
173 28
172 06
133 28
28 00
125 30
172 65
111 15
104 65
Total   (12,640 lb.)      $1,930 67
Essondale Institution—Pork supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1923.
1922.
April.
8 hogs, 1,739 lb. at 17
May.
10     ,
,    2,116
.J
17
June
8     ,
,     1,759
It
17
July.
10     ,
,    2,209
„
17
Aug.
9      ,
,     1,919
„
17
Sept.
8     ,
,    2,107
j,
16
Oct.
10     ,
,    2,780
„
13-14
Nov.
9     ,
,    2,129
,J
14
12     ,
,    2,534
J.
10
Dec.
9     ,
,    2,300
J)
14
1923.
Jan.
10     ,
,    2,037
,,
15
Feb.
8     ,
,     1,788
J.
14
March.
10     ,
,    2,367
»
14
Total
(27,784
b.)
cents
(live)
295
63
359
72
299
03
375
53
326
23
337
12
378 37
298 06
253 48
322
00
305
55
250
32
331
38
$4,132 42
 13 Geo. 5 Colony Far.m. V G5
POULTRY DEPARTMENT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
7,250 dozen eggs supplied Mental Hospital, Essondale  $2,130 11
2,628 lb. dressed poultry         872 61
100 hatching-eggs    8 00
Inventory, March 31, 1923—  $3,010 72
276 Leghorn pullets     $   345 00
372 Leghorn hens          372 00
S3 Barred Rock pullets         124 50
49 Rhode Island Reds   49 00
10 Leghorn cockerels    20 00
32 Rhode Island Red hens   32 00
5 Rhode Island Red cockerels    7 50
12 Barred Rock cockerels          36 00
369 baby chicks    73 SO
81 dozen eggs    20 25
 1,080 05
Feed     85 35
 $ 4,176 12
Expenses.
Feed      $1,968 55
Fuel    72 00
Salaries and vouchers          974 50
Horse-labour           306 50
 $3,321 55
Inventory, March 31, 1922     $1,493 54
feed   .  38 50
    1,532 04
 4,853 59
Loss      $     677 47
CANNERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Production.
2,727 No. 10 cans fruit supplied    $2,727 00
5,516 lb. pickles supplied        551  60
228 No. 10 cans vegetables supplied         228 00
Inventory, March 31, 1923—  $3,506 60
554 cans plums   $   554 00
200 cans and tops    22 00
       576 00
Expenses.  $ 4,082 60
Cans    $  573 85
Pickle-kits     60 00
Sugar and spices         449 58
Fruit           418 20
Vegetables         133 47
Sundries     40 83
Fuel     85 00
Engineer's wages and board         280 00
 2,040 93
Profit      $ 2,041 67
 V 66 Mental Hospitals. 1923
TRUCK-GARDEN AND NURSERY.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
50,410 lb. seed-potatoes    $    554 50
3,000 lb. potatoes supplied Boys' Industrial School   37 50
6,000 lb. carrots supplied grade horses   30 00
Fruit and vegetables supplied Cannery   548 07
Shrubs and trees supplied institution   3,691 00
Vegetables and fruit, etc., supplied institution ■  11,272 04
$16,133 71
Inventory, March 31. 1923     42.139 09
 $5S,272 80
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers     $ 2,547 20
Board of employees  480 00
Horse-labour         2,379 50
Manure, etc  733 00
Sundries   ISO 00
$ 6,319 70
Potatoes, 312,000 lb. from farm for distribution       3,120 00
$ 9,439 70
Inventory, March 31, 1922       44.264 25
 53,703 95
Profit       $ 4,568 85
CROP DEPARTMENT.
Potatoes—Profit and Loss Account, M..rch 31st, 1923.
Production.
Yield of crop. 928.770 lb  $ 9,443 70
. Expenses.
Ploughing      $ 466 50
Seed     826 00
Fertilizer    030 00
Cultivating and spraying    931 00
Digging  476 75
Hauling     628 00
Sundry  35 00
 3,993 25
Profit      $ 5,450 45
Field No. 6, 25.16 acres;  AVilson Ranch, 16 acres;  total, 41.16 acres.    Yield per acre, 11.28
tons;   cost per ton, $8.60.
 13 Geo. 5        . Colony Farm. V 67
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Oats—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Production.
Yield of oats, 222.395 lb  $ 3.311 26
Yield of straw, 2,004 bales       1,002 00
Expenses. $ 4.313 26
Ploughing  $ 763 00
Manuring   350 00
Cultivating     430 25
Seed  295 CO
Seeding     16S 75
Rolling     36 00
Cutting   175 50
Hauling     245 50
Baling straw  137 50
Sundries   70 00
 2,071 50
Profit      $ 1,641 76
Field No. 8, 20.57 acres;  Field No. 3, 36 acres;  Wilson Ranch, 33.2 acres;  total, 89.77 acres.
Yield of oats per acre, 2,477 lb.;   cost per ton, $15.01.
Hay—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Production.
Yield of hay, 381,000 lb ..   $ 4,762 49
Expenses.
Seed     $   807 05
Rolling     40 50
Manuring          583 00
Mowing and hauling        458 50
 1,889 05
Profit    $ 2,873 44
Field No. 5, 31.25 acres;  Field No. 7, 17.75 acres;   Field No. 2, 28 acres;   Wilson Ranch. 10
acres;   total, 87 acres.    Yield per acre, 2.19 tons;  cost per ton, $9.90.
Ensilage—Profit and Loss Account, March 31 st, 1923.
Production.
Peas, oats, and vetches, 328,000 lb  $    056 00
Green feed, 91,000 lb  212 50
Corn, 400,000 lb  800 00
Expenses. $ 1,668 50
Manure and haul ing   $ 360 00
Ploughing  36S 00
Seed and seeding  123 53
Planting   33 50
Cultivating     395 50
Mowing and hauling  369 00
 1,649 53
Profit      $      IS 97
Peas, oats, and vetches, Field No. 3, 20 acres; peas, oats, and vetches, Wilson Ranch, 10
acres; corn, Field No. 8, 20.5 acres; total, 50.5 acres. Yield per acre, 8.11 tons; cost per ton,
14.03.
 V 68 Mental Hospitals. • 1923
CROP DEPARTMENT—Continued.
Onions—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Production.
Yield, 3,449 bundles green onions   $    172 45
Yield, 37,315 lb. onions   373 15
$    545 60
Expenses.
Ploughing     $    10 00
Cultivating     31 75
Fertilizer    20 00
Hauling     24 00
  85 75
Profit  $    459 85
Field No. 6, 1% acres.    Yield per acre, 12.44 tons;  cost per ton, $4.60.
Carrots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Production.
Yield, 3,987 bundles carrots   $     199 35
Yield, 100,000 lb. carrots  350 00
$    549 35
Expenses.
Ploughing,      $     10 00
Cultivating     31 50
Seed  10 20
Fertilizer     49 21
Hauling     43 50
         144 41
Profit     $    404 94
Field No. 6, 1% acres.    Yield per acre, 33.30 tons;  cost per ton, $2.88.
Roots—Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Yield, 856,000 lb. roots   $ 2,996 00
Expenses.
Manure and hauling   $   516 50
Fertilizer     305 00
Ploughing     126 00
Seed     116 70
Cultivating     33S 25
Hauling     352 00
 1,754 45
Profit      $ 1,241 55
Field No. 8, 6 acres turnips, 12 acres mangels ;   total, IS acres.    Yield per acre, 23.78 tons;
cost per ton, $4.10.
 13 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. V G9
PASTURAGE ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
General herd (Wilson Ranch)  $    4S0 00
Yearlings :  2S0 00
General herd   168 00
Young horses   72 00
Sheep      240 00
Expenses. $ 1,240 00
Manure and hauling   67 00
Profit      S 1,173 00
SHRINKAGE AND ROT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
556 bales of straw (destroyed in flood)     $    320 30
TRACTOR ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
667 hours' work at $2.50    $ 1,667 50
Expenses.
Board      $    30 00
Salaries           33S 70
Gasolene         300 04
Depreciation   '.        650 00
      1,318 74
Profit   $    348 76
PRIZE-MONEY ACCOUNT.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Receipts.
American Holstein-Friesian Association    $      29 00
EXHIBITION EXPENSES.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Expenses.
Freight   $      53 00
Employees, transportation, board, etc  527 46
Sundries     8 28
S    5S8 74
 V 70                                                Mental Hospitals.               . 1923
GENERAL EXPENSES OF MAINTENANCE AND ADMINISTRATION.
Profit and Loss Account, March 31st, 1923.
Expenses.
Salaries and vouchers  $20,275 00
Horse-labour     1,668 50
Dairy produce for employees   896 25
Board for employees   1,845 00
Fuel     1,247 74
Sundries  168 S4
Uniforms      50 00
Loss     $26,151 33
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.
Essondale Institution—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1923.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 464,345 lb   $20,895 52
Butter, 1,859 lb       1,208 34
Cream, 490% lb  147 22
Buttermilk, 65 lb  1 30
 $22,252 38 .
Meats—■
Beef, 568 lb   $      51 12
Veal, 1,571 lb  209 85
Pork, 27,784 lb       4,132 42
Lamb, 6,607 11)     • 1,509 98
Bacon and ham, 990 lb  206 50
Sundry, 140 lb   14 00
 0,123 87
Poultry—
Eggs, 7,250 doz  $ 2,130 11
" Dressed poultry, 2,628 lb  872 61
 3,002 72
Vegetables, etc.—
Potatoes, 182,176 lb   $ 2,247 49
Onions, 4,650 lb  46 50
Roots, 4,470 lb '  89 00
Vegetables, fruit, etc     11,026 91
 13,400 90
Canned goods—
Canned fruit, 2,727 cans   $ 2,727 00
Canned vegetables, 228 cans   228 00
Pickles, 5,516 lb  551 60
       3,506 60
Sundries—
Horse-labour, 3,330 hours    $ 1,165 00
Gasolene, 428 gals  130 25
Miscellaneous     180 66
 1,475 91
Total     $49,771 38
 13 Geo. 5 Colony Farm. V 71
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES. ETC.—Continued.
New Westminster Institution—Produce supplied by Colony' Farm. March 31st, 1923.
Dairy produce—
Milk, 209.595 lb   $ 9,431 75
Cream, 1.370.25 lb  411 04
Buttermilk, 1,240 lb  24 92
 $ 9.807 71
Meats—Pork, 12,640 lb     ■ 1,936 67
Eggs—100 hatching-eggs     8 00
Vegetables—
Potatoes, 252,214 lb   $ 2,557 75
Roots, 4,530 lb  49 70
Fruits and vegetables  434 63
 3.042 OS
Incidentals—Horse'-labour, 6,668 hours         3,344 00
Total     $18,198 46
Boys' Industrial School—Produce supplied by Colony Farm, March 31st, 1923.
Milk, 48,890 lb   $ 1,955 60
Cream, 292.50 lb  87 74
Shrubs   90 00
Potatoes, 3% tons    69 50
Hogs, 15 tons    160 50
Total      $ 2,363 34
Accounts receivable, March 31st, 1923.
D. C. McGregor   $      48 75
W. Picton    110 00
C. Holmes   20 00
A. M. Craig    25 00
R. Kelly    80 00
Royal Columbian Hospital .  354 35
Mr. Fortin     69 20
C. Hillyer    3 10
Total     '   $     710 40
Notes receivable, March 31st, 1923.
A. E. Smith     $     500 00
Remittance to Treasury, March 31st, 1923.
Sundry amounts received for sale of live stock and produce   $ 6,719 22
Trees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Provincial Institutions and  Schools,
March 31st, 1923. Value.
Burnaby School Board   $    156 70
Richmond School Board  161 40
Chilliwack School Board   241 50
Salmon Arm School Board  190 20
Vancouver School Board    152 80
Carried  forward      $    902 60
 F^_A/v
OF
Fl EIL-DS
F*no\sincici I   Govern rn ent.   Colony Farm
District. JLofc-S 3QS, ITO. <SO g E>5
Municipality of  CZoQuitlam
 V 72 Mental Hospitals. 1923
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Trees, Shrubs, and Plants supplied to Provincial Institutions and Schools—Continued.
Brought forward    $    902 60
Richmond School Board  39 60
Surrey Municipality    439 50
Rutland School Board  93 80
Invermere School Board   116 50
Armstrong School Board   06 00
Tranquille Sanatorium  117 00
Salmon Arm School Board   12S 80
Maryville School Board  39 40
New Westminster School Board  82 20
West Summerland School Board  48 00
Parliament Buildings    24S 30
Point Grey School Board  103 50
Shaughnessy Military Hospital    172 20
Total     $ 2,597 40
Equipment, March 31st, 1923.
Summary.
Farm implements   $ 5,602 00
Gasolene pump and tank        400 00
Farm tools   915 00
Fire equipment   1.076 50
Dairy equipment  2,212 25
Pumping and Clearing Departments  10,525 50
Equipment in horse and cow barns   1,659 00
Carpenter and blacksmith shops   937 25
Cannery equipment    2,008 3S
Nursery and poultry   400 00
Total     $25,735 88
Inventory of Cows, March 31st, 1923.
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Beulah DeKol Korndyke, 10 years and 4 months old     26314 $    200 00
Colony DeKol Queenie Rag, 10 years old     26320 200 00
Colony Fayne Canary, 9 years and 3 months old ■   30128 60 00
Colony Beulah Pauline Korndyke, 9 years and 1 month old     30131 200 00
Colony Sadie Canary, 8 years and 10 months old     30137 300 00
Colony Maud Colantha, 8 years and 9 months old     32360 400 00
Colony Georgia Korndyke, 8 years and 6 months old     32361 200 00
Morag Veeman DeKol, 9 years old     31643 75 00
Deirdre Douglass Segis, 9 years and 2 months old     31842 000 00
Colony Poetess Corndyke 2nd, 8 years and 2 months old     36012 300 00
Colony Contest Segis, 8 years old     36020 350 00
Colony Aaggie Pietertje, 7 years and 7 months old     31774 400 00
Colony Koba Segis, 7 years and 7 months old     38770 250 00
Colony Cora Cornucopia, 7 years and 9 months old     36008 200 00
Colony Poetess Segis, 7 years and 7 months old     38771 300 00
Colony Beets Newman, 7 years and 10 months old     38776 250 00
Colony Vrouka Segis, 8 years and 1 month old     36019 350 00
Eflie Cornucopia DeKol, 8 years and 2 months old     372S9 350 00
Colony Korndyke Belle, 7 years and 4 months old     38767 450 00
Carried forward  $ 5,435 00
 13 Geo. 5                                           Colony Farm. V 73
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows, March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Brought forward    $ 5,435 00
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Butter Lass, 8 years and 3 months old     41645 300 00
Colony Ianthe Newman, 7 years and 2 months old     41642 600 00
Colony Netherland Segis Clothilde, 6 years and 10 months old     42SS9 450 00
Colony Minnie Segis, 7 years and 2 months old     41653 300 00
Colony Farforit McKinley, 7 years old     42S84 200 00
Lulu Posch 3rd, 11 years and 3 months old   210921 450 00
Colony Korndyke Newman, 6 years and 5 months old _.     50284 500 00
Colony Canary Butter GM, 6 years and 11 months old     42SS8 250 00
Wimple Netherland Westport, 10 years and 5 months old     76901 350 00
  52831
350 00
  52829
200 CO
  52.828
600 00
44320
  25833
200 00
350 00
  3S772
300 '00
Colony Maud McKinley, 6 years and 3 months old	
50286
  50292
450 00
400 00
  50289
  52833
300 00
600 00
  54084
600 00
Colony Daisy McKinley, 5 years and 6 months old	
., 52834
  52835
250 00
250 00
  56864
  56862
350 00
75 00
  60946
75 00
  60944
400 00
Colony Ianthe McKinley, 4 years and 5 months old	
.  ., 62389
  67855
500 00
300 00
71114
  74111
200 00
350 00
  3S040
300 00
S.C.P. Fayne Calamity, 5 years and 4 months old	
S.C.M. Ella Mechthilde, 5 years and 6 months old	
59662
. . 50277
  03024
400 00
350 00
300 CO
  07S50
300 OO
  67856
500 00
  67S51
CO '30
  67S53
100 00
  71112
100 00
Colony Morag Ormsby, 3 years and 11 months old	
  71115
  70850
300 00
250 00
  71111
350 OO
, 70844
  70843
350 00
300 00
  75673
400 00
80505
  80511
500 00
450 00
80509
  62388
350 00
500 00
  80513
300 00
. $22 395 00
 V 74                                                   Mental Hospitals. 1923
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Cows, March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Brought forward    $22,395 00
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Vrouka Segis Newman, 2 years and 11 months old     80504 350 00
Colony Tensen Newman, 2 years and 7 months old      86417 200 00
Beaverland Pietje Pauline, 3 years and 7 months old     81218 400 00
Beaverland Pretty Lady, 3 years and 11 months old     74110 500 00
Beaverland Grace Posch, 3 years and 10 months old     7410S 400 CO
Beaverland Canary Pauline, 3 years and 7 months old     74109 400 00
Beaverland Julia Pauline, 3 years and 1 month old      S0C49 350 00
Beaverland Grace Pauline, 3 years old   " .S0647 200 00
Colony M. Poetess McKinley, 3 years and 2 months old     75674 75 00
Colony Effie Ormsby, 3 years and 1 month old     80514 350 00 •
Colony P.S. Segis, 3 years old      S0507 300 00
Colony P.S. McKinley, 3 years old     80508 300 00
Colony Beets Perfection, 2 years and 10 months old      80510 300 00
Colony Wayne Perfection, 2 years and 10 months old     80506 400 00
Colony Alma Korndyke Newman, 2 years and 8 months old      86419 350 00
Colony Grebegga Pauline, 2 years and 6 months old     86416 350 00
Colony Victoria Pauline, 2 years and 6 months old     86415 250 00
Colony Morag McKinley, 2 years and 5 months old     86420 300 00
Colony Lady Pauline, 2 years and 4 months old     8641S 200 00
Colony Mabel Newman, 2 years and 4 months old      92130 200 00
Total    ■ $28,570 00
Inventory of Young Cattle, March 31st, 1923.
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Clare McKinley, 26 months old  92132                $     342 70
Colony Wimple McKinley, 24% mouths old  92135 322 SO
Colony Effie Pauline, 23% months old  92129 319 45
Colony Nellie Pauline, 23% months old  92128 319 45
Colony Poem Pauline. 23% months' old  92131 319 45
Colony Wayne Newman, 23% months old   92136 319 45
Colony Topsy Pauline, 23% months old  92134 312 70
Colony Schuilding Pauline, 23V4 months old  92133 312 70
Colony Lass Pauline, 23 months old   92123 300 35
Colony Belle Newman. 21 months old  95247 2S2 45
Colony Clothilde Pauline, 21 months old  95254 282 45
Colony July Pauline, 20% months old  95253 279 10
Colony Daisy Newman, 20% months old  95244 279 10
Colony Queenie Newman, 20% months old  95249 272 35
Colony Georgie Pauline, 18% months old   95245 245 45
Colony Flood Countess, 17 months old  95250 228 65
Colony Duchess Pauline, 17 months old  95246 228 65
Colony Contest Newman, 16% months old  95248 227 32
Colony Grace Countess, 16% months old  95251 221 95
Colony Pietje Countess, 16% months old  95252 218 55
Colony Fayne, Pauline, 15% months old  95257 211 62
Colony Maud Countess, 15% months old  9S959 205 10
Colony L.P. Countess. 14% mouths old  98958 198 40
Colony C.B. Westport, 14 months old  52620 188 30
Carried forward     $ 6,447 49
 13 Geo. 5                                           Colony Farm. V 75
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Young Cattle, March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Brought forward      $ 6,447 49
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Vrouka Posch, 13% months old      9S957 178 20
Colony Posch Champion 5th, 12% months old     53787 168 15
Colony Yale Newman, 12% months old    102055 16S 15
Colony Lulu Pauline, 11% months old  102057 158 07
Colony Maud Pauline, 11% months old   102054 154 70
Colony Abbekerk Posch, 11% months old     53789 154 70
Colony Douglass Posch, 11% months old     53790 151 30
Colony Tensen Posch, 10 months old   102053 134 50
Colony Aaggie Posch, 10 months old   102052 134 50
Colony Countess Posch, 9% months old   102051 131 15
Colony Netherland Pauline; 9% months old   102050 131 15
Colony Posch Champion 8th, 8% months old     54970 223 88-
Colony Rag Newman, 8% months old   102056 216 24
Colony Canary McKinley 2nd, S months old  105241 203 52
Colony Ianthe Pauline, 6% months old  105242 171 72
Colony Koba McKinley 2nd, 6% months old     54971 171 72
Colony Wimple Koba, 5 months old   10523S 127 20
Colony Faforit Koba, 4% months old  105240 114 48
Colony Koba McKinley 3rd, 4% months old     56201 108 12
Colony Netherland Segis Koba, 4 months old   105239 101 70
Colony Vrouka Segis Koba, 3% months old   109739 S9 04
Colony Cora Pauline, 3 months old  109738 76 32
Colony Vale Korndyke Koba, 3 months old   109737 76 32
Colony Aaggie Koba, 2% months old   109736 69 96
Colony Contest Aaggie, 2% months old   109740 69 96
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley 4th, 2% months old      56203 69 96
Colony Hengerveld Posch, 2% months old     56917 63 60
Colony Poetess Aaggie, 1% months old   109741 44 52
Colony Marie Koba, 1% months old   109742 44 52
Colony Koba McKinley 6th, 1% months old      56202 38 16
Colony McKinley Posch, 1% months old     56199 31 80
Colony Segis Paul, 1% months old     56200 31 80
Colony Posch Champion 10th, % month old  19 08
Colony Posch Champion 1.1th, % month old  12 72
Colony Netherland Posch, % month old  6 36
Colony Sir Mutual Posch, % month old  6 36
Springbrook Charlotte Countess, 1 month old  109745 25 44
Springbrook Rose Countess, 1 month old   109744 25 44
Total     ? 10,352 06
Inventory of Herd Bulls, March 31st, 1923.
Name. Reg. No.
Colony Koba McKinley      31520               $ 500 00
Colony Lord Aaggie McKinley      36957 400 00
Colony Johan Posch     51420 300 00
Total      ? 1,200 00
 V 76 Mental Hospitals. 1923
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory- of Work-horses, March 31st, 1923.
Name.
Donald (roan gelding), 17 years old   $      50 CO
Colony Pride (Scotty)   (bay gelding), 9 years old  300 00
Billy  (McCallum)   (bay gelding), 7 years old  275 00
Barney (bay gelding), 7 years old  250 00
Jock (bay gelding), 8 years old  250 00
Forage Heroine (Shire mare), 14 years old   225 00
Dunrobin Doris (Clyde mare), 16 years old  200 00
Pete or Sharp (brown gelding), 15 years old  125 00
Sandy (brown gelding), 16 years old  25 00
Colony Mintmaster (brown gelding), 5 years old  300 00
McCallum (chestnut driver), 17 years old  100 00
Jerry 2nd No. 6 (brown gelding), 9 years old   250 00
Levi (express), 19 years old  125 00
Repertoire (pony), 21 years old '  50 00
•Doctor (buckskin on grade), 11 years old  150 CO
Jimmy 1st (bay gelding on grade), 10 years old  125 00
Kate (roan mare), 6 years old   275 00
Dan (brown gelding on grade), 12 years old  150 00
Blossom (light roan mare), 6 years old  300 00
Nellie (bay mare), 10 years old  325 00
Dick (bay gelding), 5 years old  225 00
Colony Lady Pride (Clyde mare), 4 years old  400 00
Colony Lady Dunure (Clyde mare), 4 years old  400 00
Flash Rosary (Clyde mare), 12 years old   300 00
McTavish  (chestnut gelding on grade), 8 years old  150 00
Colony Everlasting Favourite, 6 years old  300 00
Frank (brown gelding), 7 years old  275 00
Charlie (brown gelding), 7 years old  275 00
Total      $ 6,175 00
Inventory of Young Horses, March 31st, 1923.
Name.
Colony Drumburle Prince, 35% months old   $    4SS 86
Colony Begg Princess, 32% months old  449 90
Colony Opal's Queen, 32% months old  449 90
King (Driver's colt), 32% months old  466 87
Bob (Dunrobin Doris' colt), 22% months old  313 87
Lily (Blossom's filly), 11 months old  153 45
Total      $ 2,322 S5
Inventory of Sheep, March 31st, 1923.
Oxford Downs (pure-bred) —
20 aged ewes at $20    $    400 00.
14 .aged ewes at $15  210 00
12 shearling ewes at $16   192 00
7 shearling ewes at $10   70 00
5 wethers at $10  50 00
1 6-year-old ram (Bruce Boy 17)     50 00
1 2-year-old ram (Colony 181)   75 00
1 1-year-old-ram (Colony 222)    40 00
Grade flock—
4 2-year-old wethers at $11  44 00
Total ,   $ 1J31 00
 13 Geo. 5                                           Colony Farm. V 77
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Poultry, March 31st, 1923.
276 Leghorn pullets  $    345 00
372 Leghorn hens   372 00
83 Barred Rock pullets    124 50
49 Rhode Island Red pullets  49 00
10 Leghorn cockerels     20 00
32 Rhode Island Red hens  32 00
5 Rhode Island Red cockerels  7 50
12 Barred Rock cockerels   36 CO
369 baby chicks  73 SO
81 dozen eggs  20 25
Total   $ 1,080 05
Feed on Hand.
200 lb. oats     $        4 00
400  „   cracked corn    6 60
600   „   wheat   14 10
800   „   bran    12 00
600   „   corn-meal     12 30
500  „   shorts   5 60
400  „   pulverized oats    10 00
200   „   chick scratch-feed     7 50
100   „   chick-mash     3 75
200  „   beef-scraps     7 50
100   „   oyster-shell    2 00
Total   $      85 35
Inventory of Hogs, March 31st, 1923.
At Essondale.
1 hog, 11 months old   $      33 00
1 sow, 12 months old    34 40
2 sows, 11 months old .. ■.  57 60
7 pigs, 5 months old   75 00
15     „     6 months old   420 00
18    „    7 months old   426 15
52     „     young   520 00
Pork on hand and sundries   264 50
At New Westminster.
20 brood sows, 2 to 5 years old   $ 1,000 00
23 fat pigs, 1 year old  575 00
10 slips, 6 months old    150 00
65     „     2% to 3 months old  520 00
29    „     4 months old  116 00
3 boars, 2, 3, and 5 years old   70 00
Total  $ 4,262 25
Feed on Hand.
5,800 lb. shorts    $      64 96
8,500  „  screenings     85 00
2,000  „   rice-meal     25 00
20 bales straw    10 00
Total ■. $     184 96
 V 78                                                Mental Hospitals. 1923
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued-
Inventory of Feed and Produce, March 31st, 1923.
1,480 lb. peas  $       74 00
10,500   „   feed-flour  194 25
102.955   „   oats     1,688 05
17,900   „   barley     329 22
242,840   „   hay     2,750 16
93,000   „   silage     186 00
1,819 bales straw    990 20
18,750 lb. corn-meal  361 38
62,100   „   shorts     697 25
3,900   „   soy-bean    108 60
250,365   „   potatoes     2,566 30
31,165   „   onions    311 65
11,700   „   gluten     328 63
1,900   „   cotton-seed   53 82
58.S70   „   roots     193 50
26,132   „   alfalfa      324 02
27,600   „   oil-meal   775 71
16,600   „   beet-pulp     474 48
50,950   „   carrots     208 IS
62,300   „   bran  635 76
Total  $13,251 16
Inventory of Canned Goods, March 31st, 1923.
410 cans plums  $    410 CO
144 cans prunes    144 00
$     554 00
200 cans and tops, empty   22 00
Total  $    576 00
Inventory of Nursery and Garden, March 31st, 1923.
Deciduous and ornamental trees   $11,196 50
Young trees and shrubs   13,551 24
Seedlings (evergreens)    ._  Ill 70
Cuttings and layers   56 00
Cuttings and layers   48 00
Seedlings  (trees and shrubs)     337 90
Climbing plants  357 CO
Reeds and grasses  315 00
Climbing roses  37 50
Apples  57 00
Black and red currants  92 05
Young grafts and buds   218 50
Herbaceous perennials  1,976 95
Orchard—
Plums      $  491 00
Cherries           228 00
Pears        512 00
Apples     2,602 00
  3,833 00
Carried forward    $32,188 94
 13 Geo. 5 • Colony Farm. V 79
MISCELLANEOUS STATEMENTS, INVENTORIES, ETC.—Continued.
Inventory of Nursery and Garden, March 31st, 1923—Continued.
Brought forward      $32,188 94
Small fruits—
Black currants    $3,248 50
Red currants        648 00
Raspberries, etc        428 50
Strawberries      1,830 40
 6,155 40
Bees and supplies  492 75
Vegetables in storage       3,302 00
Total  $42,139 09
VICTORIA,   B.C. :
Printed by  William H.   C-Llin,  Printer  to  the  King's  Most  Excellent  Majesty.
1023.

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