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SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA STATISTICS, 1927 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1929]

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Full Text

 SIXTH ANNUAL REPORT
or
THE FIRE MAESHAL
FOB  THK
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLOMBIA
STATISTICS, 1927
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1928.  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned has the honour to present the Sixth Annual Report of the Fire Marshal
for the year ended December 31st, 1927.
A. M. MANSON,
Attorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., March Slst, IMS. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Fire Marshal 5, 6
Table     I.—Inspections made and Orders issued *. 7, 8
Table    II.—Fires reported 9, 10
Table III.—Causes of Fires 11, .12
Table  IV.—Classification of Property 13-20
Table    V.—Summary    21
Table   VI.—Loss of Life    22 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL.
Office of Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1928.
The Honourable A. M. Manson, K.C.,
Attorney-General, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit my Sixth Annual Report as Fire Marshal, together with
statistics showing the fire losses and causes in the Province of British Columbia for the year
ended December 31st, 1927.
Our total losses from fire during the year amounted to $2,622,995. These figures include
the value of buildings and their contents and show a decrease of $1,015,432 compared with
those of 1926. It is of interest to note that since 1923, the peak year for fire losses in British
Columbia since the " Fire Marshal Act" came in force, there has been a steady decrease, but
no decrease to equal that of this year.
It is well to note, in referring to this, that while losses have decreased, the values at risk
in buildings and contents have increased by millions of dollars.
Out of our thirty-three cities, five have not reported a fire loss during the year, one has
reduced its losses over $221,000, and three considerably over $20,000. Three cities, however,
show an increased loss of more than $20,000 each. Of the thirty district municipalities, three
have not reported a fire loss, four have a decrease of over $20,000, and three have an increase
of more than $20,000 each.
For the first time since the Act came into force the entire fire loss in our cities has been
below the million-dollar mark. This is also true of our unorganized districts, where the work
of fire prevention is carried on by the Provincial Police.
In accordance with your instructions, an active educational campaign has been carried on
in the press and in co-operation with insurance organizations and the Canadian Forestry Association. A result of this is seen in the increased consciousness in the minds of the public as to
what constitutes a fire hazard. This makes the work of the Assistant Fire Marshals and other
Inspectors more effective.
The increased efficiency of the Assistant Fire Marshals in the organized districts and the
Provincial Police in the unorganized districts, due to the training they have received and the
knowledge gained from experience, has had a great deal to do with our decreased losses. These
men have made over 47,000 inspections and issued 4,437 orders during the year. From these
orders only forty-two appeals have been made to the Fire Marshal, and in no case has there
been an appeal from the Fire Marshal to the Courts. To me this indicates clearly that the
people are beginning to realize that fire prevention pays.
The number of fires with only nominal loss indicates that our fire departments are maintaining a high standard of efficiency. A number of cities and municipalities have improved
their departments by the purchase of modern equipment. Water systems are being improved
by greater storage-reservoirs and larger distributing-mains.
During the year a systematic inspection of all public institutions for the care of the sick
and aged has been made by this office. The conditions found in these institutions were highly
creditable to the men in charge. From a housekeeping standpoint many were found to be
perfect. While some of the buildings are not all we could desire, I feel that in those directly
under the Department of the Honourable Provincial Secretary everything humanly possible
has been done to protect the lives of the inmates from fire.
While we have every reason to feel pleased with the results of our work in 1927, yet a
glance at Table III. of our statistics shows very clearly that there is still much to be done.
The number of fires due to carelessness and defective installations, all preventable causes, is
far too great. Eternal vigilance is the price of fire prevention. The loss of twelve lives, eight
adults and four children, eight of which occurred in one fire in the City of Vancouver, is not
a record to be proud of.
Film Exchange Building.—It was decided that the building in use as a film exchange in
the City of Vancouver was no longer safe or suitable for the purpose.   On March 29th, 1927, K 6 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
orders were issued to the different exchange managers and owners to discontinue its use as a
film exchange. As a result plans for a new building were prepared, submitted to this office,
and approved. The building was constructed under the direct supervision of city officials and
Mr. Oswald, of this office, and is now occupied. I am advised by a representative of the Hayes
organization that from a safety standpoint this is the best exchange building in Canada.
Theatre Buildings.—Five new theatres, the estimated value of which is $1,200,000, with a
seating capacity of 5,600, were constructed during the year. Plans and specifications for these
were examined, checked, and approved by this office; periodical inspections were made during
construction and final inspections and approval certified to the Censor. Nine fires occurred in
theatres during the year, four of which were due to film ignition and the others due to sparks
and defective furnace-pipes.
One hundred and twenty kinematographs have been inspected and approved during the year.
The film-report system inaugurated last year has been working satisfactorily; 59,000 feet
of unsafe film was discovered and condemned, the exchanges withdrew 46,000 feet, a total of
105,000 feet. Of this, 88,000 feet was destroyed by the Vancouver Fire Department and 17,000
feet sent out of the Province.
As a member of the Board of Examiners for projectionists, Mr. Oswald has assisted at
eight examinations and conducted six others at different points throughout the Province.
During the year an inspection of all centres in the Province has been made by myself and
members of the staff, the work of Assistant Fire Marshals cheeked up, and advice and assistance
given where needed. All fires have been investigated and reports are on file in this office. Five
fire inquiries have been held under section 12 of the Act and every assistance possible has been
given in the investigation of suspicious fires.
I would like to thank the Provincial Police for their very great help throughout the year
in assisting in the investigation of fires and the enforcing of orders in the unorganized districts;
also the members of my staff for their efficient work in compiling these statistics.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. A. THOMAS,
Fire Marshal. REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 7
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS.
Name.
Inspections.      Orders
City Municipalities (33).
Alberni	
Armstrong	
Chilliwack	
Courtenay	
Cranbrook	
Cumberland	
Duncan	
Enderby	
Fernie	
Grand Forks	
Greenwood	
Kamloops	
Kaslo	
Kelowna	
Ladysmith	
Merritt	
Nanaimo	
Nelson ,
New Westminster..
North Vancouver...
Port Alberni	
Port Coquitlam	
Port Moody	
Prince George ,
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Rossland	
Salmon Arm	
Slocan	
Trail	
Vancouver	
Vernon	
Victoria	
Totals..
District Municipalities (30).
Burnaby	
Chilliwack	
Coldstream	
Coquitlam	
Delta	
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills	
Glenmore	
Kent	
Langley	
Maple Ridge	
Matsqui	
Mission	
North Cowichan...
North Vancouver..
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Penticton	
Pitt Meadows	
Point Grey	
Richmond	
Saanich	
Salmon Arm	
South Vancouver..
Spallumcheen	
Sumas	
24
3
24
4
1,266
112
72
3
46
597
41
429
16
23
4
42
22
674
17
1,184
68
1,487
182
1,747
159
26
1'3
51
5
292
113
405
205
180
3
705
180
1,818
31
24,051
2,754
352
7
5,964
182
41,459
4,124
69
55
68
1
1
53
5
5
20
12
1
76
23
13
136
5
2,724
15
46
23
2
2
1,344
55 K 8
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS MADE AND ORDERS ISSUED BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS.—Continued.
Name.
Inspections.
Orders.
District Municipalities—Continued.
31
114
29
8
4
8
Totals.
4,743
205
Village Municipalities (7).
15
25
16
198
104
35
3
13
40
3
8
Totals.
393
67
Fire Districts (23).
6
2
22
8
18
54
26
10
410
36
20
9
5
6
1
6
1
1
4
Pacific Mills, Limited	
8
6
Holla      	
5
3
Union Bay	
Totals       .... 	
626
41
47,221
4,437
totals,
totals1,
totals,
totals,
1926	
52,134
49,889
49,677
40,573
5,003
1925	
4,759
1924                          	
5,304
1923	
5,468 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 9
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Alberni  	
City Municipalities (33).
1
4
13
9
8-
4
3
13
3
12
12
2
7
42
18
41
32
13
3
8
24
11
15
24
2
15
552
128
$1,250
4,334
13,730
4,957
Cranbrook	
11,171
944
5,544
Fernie	
35,058
Grand Forks '.	
4,370
12,031
Kaslo         ..          .        	
Kelowna	
28,282
Ladysmith	
1,101
Merritt	
7,092
Nanaimo	
5,440
Nelson          	
6,354
New Westminster	
29,537
11,999
Port Alberni          ...             	
4,290
Port Coquitlam	
5,598
Port Moody	
13,548
Prince George	
25,274
Prince Rupert	
6,398
Revelstoke	
10,716
Rossland             	
22,232
Salmon Arm	
3,789
Slocan             	
Trail	
4.438
Vancouver	
642,636
19,940
Totals	
1,019
$942,053
District Municipalities (30).
64
17
7
4
6
3
17
24
10
4
5
14
20
1
21
2
188
11
33
4
87
2
1
7
$59,370
26,148
Chilliwack	
Coldstream	
Coquitlam	
37,119
Delta                 	
95,414
3,135
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills	
Glenmore	
Kent                ..    .
3.869
Langley	
24,062
39,473
16,611
4,803
Maple Ridge	
Mission	
North Cowichan	
21,585
16,529
23,365
5
North Vancouver	
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Penticton	
19,614
4,218
Pitt Meadows	
Point Grey	
50,799
23,079
13,354
14.847
58,335
Richmond	
Saanich	
Salmon Arm	
South Vancouver	
Spallumcheen	
12,500
200
Sumas	
Summerland	
45 321 K 10
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE II—FIRES REPORTED—Continued.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
District Municipalities—Continued.
31
6
21
$76,063
340
13,382
Totals          	
610
$703,540
Tillage Municipalities (1).
10
1
1
16
3
1
1
$43,011
1,639
1,750
37,196
Smithers	
436
3,500
7,900
Totals	
33
$95,432
Fire Districts (23).
5
1
2
1
7
1
1
4
5
3
2
1
1
1
2
$7,750
8,000
1,936
Hedley	
5,035
9,743
1.550
22
7,075
1,078
2,306
Quesnel	
2,422
Rolla	
400
750
Telkwa	
2,202
9,970
Totals	
37
$60,239
Unorganised Districts (IS).
16
16
13
17
9
27
33
6
88
11
25
17
35
10
$38,313
31,384
Fort St. John	
18,483
51,582
14,613
124,945
177,556
38,267
147,884
1-0,271
48,068
42,528
48,720
Yale	
29,117
Totals	
323
$8-21,731
2,022
$2,622,995
Note.—Construction of buildings—
Fire-resisting	
Brick or concrete	
Frame	
3, loss $4,925
207,     „ 380,584
1,812,     „      2,237,486
2,022,
$2,622,995 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 11
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES.
Causes of Fires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
22
1
1
7
18
50
7
4
1
2
1
1
3
3
1
131
2
31
8
1
4
35
1
20
2
61
154
10
1
2
1
1
15
1
1
12
4
9
1
5
2
2
1
12
1
23
1
6
7
1
1
6
22
38
38
7
2
1
1
1
1
3
1
2
$5,791
334
Boiler insufficiently protected	
100
541
4,805
28,250
12,759
10,105
385
Collision	
3,090
Curtains from candle               	
2
3,121
4,538
900
469
169,286
Defective film	
629
9,916
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe	
10,738
25
Defective oil-stove  •
3,145
44,093
Defective switch	
2,700
25,224
Dust explosion	
85
Electrical appliances	
7,244
Exposure	
231,622
Fire-crackers	
1,084
Floor-boards ignited from exhaust-pipe	
25
Friction in pulley	
1,206
Friction in sanding-machine	
103
Friction of logging-cable	
17,829
14,653
35
35
Gasoline carelessness           	
4,495
Gasoline explosion          	
11,990
Gasoline leaking on exhaust-pipe	
2,569
138
Gasoline-torch explosion	
1,046
Gas-plate insufficiently protected	
107
Gas-radiator insufficiently protected	
908
Gas water-heater insufficiently protected	
428
Grease on stove	
3,903
Ignition of paint-remover	
104,918
33,780
Iodine upset on gas-plate	
28
Lamp explosion	
10,637
Lamp upset	
5,605
Lantern explosion	
3,975
Lantern upset	
10
Lightning	
47,928
Live coals	
751
Match carelessness	
39,093
Matches, children with	
8,420
Matches, mioe with	
824
Mattress too near stove	
30
Oil-burner explosion	
1,000
2,025
Oil explosion ignited woodwork	
5,140
100
Oil-pipe broken by chain	
5,406
Overheated bearing	
55
Overheated electric motor	
340 K 12
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES—Continued.
Causes of Fires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Overheating of drying-machine	
Overheating of dry-kiln	
Pot left on stove, contents dried up and ignited.
Rubbish around furnace	
Short circuit	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from boiler	
Sparks from burning rubbish	
Sparks from bush fire	
iSparks from chimney	
Sparks from Dutch oven	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from furnace or furnace-pipe	
Sparks from locomotive	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from slaish fire	
Sparks from smoke-stack	
.Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Sparks from welding-machine	
.Spontaneous combustion :	
Static electricity	
Stove explosion	
Stove-lid failing on linoleum	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
Sulphur candle exploded	
Taking flash-light photograph	
Tar boiling over	
Thawing pipes	
Turpentine carelessness	
Unknown	
Varnish boiling over on stove	
Varnish ignited by gas-radiator	
Wlax melting on stove caught fire	
Wood too near furnace	
Wood too near stove	
Totals	
1
1
1
2
82
276
4
13
6
196
2
2
125
8
3
11
1
4
42
1
47
2
8
1
93
1
1-
4
1.0
1
241
1
1
1
2
12
$74
12,079
119
405
107,376
102,120
2,240
9,634
2,538
116,885
3,332
1,247
12,374
33,112
377
61,894
75
381
57,010
20
103,933
706
7,401
7
120,437
14
417
1,031
4,055
29
879,217
120
25
246
2,313
9,236
2,022
$2,622,995 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 13
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES.
Property.
Causes.
Amount
of Loss..
Apartments	
...     59
Clothes too near stove	
1
$17
Curtains from  stove	
1
5
Defective  chimney	
1
67
1
3
42
2
Electrical appliances	
4
86
Exposure j	
4
467
Gasoline carelessness	
1
71
Grease on stove	
3
36
Ignition of paint-remover	
1
104,918
Incendiary :	
1
398
Iodine upset on gas-plate	
1
28
Lamp upset	
1
76
Lantern upset	
1
10
Match carelessness	
1
37
Matches, children with	
1
378
Short circuit	
1
60
Smokers'  carelessness	
....     23
572
Sparks from  chimney	
5
■    540
Sparks from  fireplace	
3
33
Thawing  pipes	
1
2,560
Unknown	
1
30
$110,434
Automobiles	
...   127
Candle  carelessness	
2
$285
Carburettor back-firing	
15
2,551
3,090
Collision	
2
Defective battery connection	
3
900
Defective wiring	
1
20
9,041
Exposure	
4
Fire-crackers....                 	
1
10
100
Floor-boards ignited from exhaust-pipe	
2
Gasoline carelessness	
5
2,091
Gasoline leaking on exhaust-pipe	
8
2,494
Gasoline-torch   explosion	
1
750
Incendiary	
1
325
4
1,289
20
Matches, children with	
1
Short circuit 	
....     47
16,408
Smokers'   carelessness	
...      10
1,288
Sparks from bush Are	
1
15
490
Spontaneous combustion	
1
Unknown	
18
18,563
59,730
Automobile show-rooms	
1
1
1
2
Defective  chimney             	
Unknown	
Unknown	
Defective furnace	
1
1
1
1
25
Awnings	
3
Bakeries   	
50
Banks	
$208
Smokers'   carelessness	
1
46
254
2
1
$307
15
Spontaneous combustion	
1
322
Barns	
..     35
Carburettor back-firing	
1
$215
Exposure r ;	
2
2,478
3,975
Lantern   explosion	
1
Match carelessness	
1
10
Smokers'   carelessness	
6
8,584
Sparks from burning rubbish	
1
350
1
644
95
Sparks from chimney	
1
Spontaneous combustion
6
3,830
8
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
1
Thawing pipes	
1
875
Unknown	
13
49,645
70,718 K 14
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Barns and stables  3
Barracks  1
Battery-houses   1
Blacksmith-shops  5
Boarding-houses      13
Boat-building sheds  1
Boat-houses  1
Bottling-woi-fcs  1
Bunk-houses   8
Canneries -       2
Carpenter-shops        2
Chicken-honses      15
Churches..
Clubs..
Cold-storage plants  2
Cooperages  3
Court-houses  2
Dairies  3
Dry-cleaning establishments.. 2
Match carelessness  1
Unknown  2
Spontaneous combustion  1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Defective fireplace  1
Oil feed-pipe igniting from burner  1
Smokers'  carelessness.  1
Unknown  2
Match carelessness  1
Short circuit  2
Smokers'   carelessness  3
Sparks  from  chimney  6
Sparks from  fireplace  1
Defective furnace  1
Unknown-  1
Sparks from  chimney ,  1
Clothes too near stove  1
Incendiary  2
Live coals  1
Sparks from stove  1
Stove insufficiently protected    ,     1
Unknown  2
Unknown  2
Boiler insufficiently protected  1
Smokers'  carelessness  1
Exposure  1
Match carelessness  2
Matches, children with  1
Sparks from bush fire  2
Sparks from stove  2
Spontaneous combustion  1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  5
Gas-radiator insufficiently protected  1
Incendiary  2
Sparks from furnace  1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  1
Defective chimney  1
Furnace insufficiently protected  1
Live coals  1
Match carelessness  1
Matches, mice with  1
Match carelessness  1
Smokers'  carelessness  1
Incendiary  2
Unknown  1
Coal-gas  explosion  1
Sparks from furnace  1
Ashes against wood  1
Overheated electric motor  1
Unknown  1
Sparks from chimney  1
Static electricity  1
$469
787
$50
5,140
844
1,672
$34
56
1,302
2,075
9
$25
1,000
200
854
50
1,265
$100
265
$10
258
100
112
966
127
125
1,732
$12
24,729
$5,699
8,225
$1.1,500
12,000
15
8,000
$23
188
$1,256
1,793
120
7,706
3,476
75
40
5
3,394
220
365
3,430
2,807
415
24,741
13,924
23,500
8,095
211 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 15
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Dry-kilns.
Dwellings 1,144
Sparks from mill burner  1
Sparks from smoke-stack  1
Unknown  1
Ashes against wood :  15
Candle  carelessness  5
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe  47
Coal-gas explosion  4
Coal-oil  carelessness  3
Curtains from candle  1
Curtains from lamp  1
Curtains- from stove  1
Defective brooder  1
Defective chimney  106
Defective fireplace  27
Defective furnace or furnaoe-pipe  3
Defective lamp  1
Defective oil-stove  4
Defective stove or stove-pipe  28
Defective wiring  10
Electrical appliances  45
Exposure  52
Fire-crackers  9
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected 11
Gasoline carelessness  4
Gasoline-torch carelessness  1
Gasoline-torch  explosion  1
Gas-plate insufficiently protected  1
Gas water-heater insufficiently protected  1
Grea.se on stove  6
Incendiary  9
Lamp explosion  4
Lamp upset  5
Lightning  1
Live  coals  19
Match carelessness  18
Matches, children with  29
Matches, mice with  5
Mattress too near stove  2
Oil-stove explosion  3
Pot left on stove, contents dried up and ignited 1
Rubbish around furnace  1
Short circuit  17
Smokers'   carelessness.  112
Sparks from burning rubbish  4
Sparks from bush fire  2
Sparks from  chimney  156
Sparks from fireplace  1-20
Sparks from furnace   3
Sparks from locomotive  2
Sparks from mill burner  2
Sparks from slash Are  1
Sparks from smoke-stack  1
Sparks from stove or stovepipe  32
Spontaneous combustion  7
Stove  explosion  6
Stove-lid falling on linoleum  1
Stove  or stove-pipe  insufficiently  protected.... 73
Snlphur  candle  exploded  1
Tar boiling over  l
Thawing pipes  6
Turpentine  carelessness  l
Unknown  102
Wax melting on stove caught fire  1
Wood too near furnace  l
Wood too near stove  12
$50
20
14,574
$5,396
256
20,972
1,081
3,511
2
3,121
4,500
469
107,940
9,304
9,499
25
3,145
38,344
11,026
2,597
42,340
1,074
12,945
818
138
75
32
428
1,982
5,544
1,924
5,229
1,722
520
7,914
6,266
627
30
5,406
110
99
55,998
16,309
193
1,767
104,229
12,294
156
42
2,589
75
240
32,607
3,719
7,328
7
101,736
14
140
530
29
205,379
246
10
9,236
$14,644
871,293 K 16
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Electrical plants.
Factories (bed and mattress)
Factories (box)	
Factories (broom)  1
Factories (candy)  1
Factories (oement)  1
Factories (clothing)  1'
Factories (hardwood floor).... 1
Factories (roofing material).. 1
Factories (sash and door)  2
Fences  1
Film exchanges  1
Fishing-boats    3
Foundries  1
Gaols  1
Garages  43
Gas plants  1
Golf-club houses  4
Grandstands  2
Greenhouses  4
Halls..
10
Hay-stacks..
Defective chimney  1
Defective  switch  1
Short circuit  2
Unknown  3
Static   electricity  1
Defective   chimney  1
Furnace insufficiently protected  1
Incendiary  1
Unknown     2
Defective   chimney  1
Spontaneous combustion  1
Defective wiring  1
Unknown  1
Unknown 1  1
Tar boiling over  1
Sparks from furnace  1
Sparks from smoke-stack  1
Smokers'   carelessness  1
Spontaneous combustion  1
Gasoline carelessness  1
Gasoline  explosion  1
Gasoline-torch  explosion  1
Unknown  1
Spontaneous combustion  1
Ashes against wood  1
Defective stove  2
Defective wiring  2
Exposure     6
Gasoline-torch  explosion    1
Incendiary    1
Match carelessness   1
Short circuit   7
Smokers' carelessness   4
Sparks from locomotive  1
Spontaneous combustion .-  4
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  1
Unknown     12
Oil explosion ignited woodwork  1
Smokers' carelessness  2
Sparks from chimney  1
Unknown    1
Match carelessness   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Furnace  insufficiently  protected  1
Oil-burner explosion   1
Sparks from boiler  1
Sparks from furnace  1
Defective wiring   1
Exposure     2
Incendiary    1
Match carelessness   1
Matches, children with  1
Smokers' carelessness   . 2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown    1
Unknown   _.. 1
$50
2,700
800
5,652
$641
1,500
1,617
49,383
37
$1,315
500
125
$5
4,345
3,070
1,624
71
4,325
475
29,063
9,735
335
1,168
50
18,223
$6,390
50
18,502
$4,020
28,069
1,000
150
300
$9,973
2,591
5,300
11,199
540
8,676
82
326
$9,202
518
53,141
11,779
30
150
7,020
22,573
718
30
4,581
1,940
300
72,489
2,025
24,942
32,089
1,530
38,687
350 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES— Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Hospitals..
Hotels..
54
Ice-cream plants        1
Ice-making plants        1
Launches        8
Laundries      10
Logging camps..
Lumber-piles  3
Lumber-sheds  1
Lumber-yards  2
Machine-shops    2
Mining property ;.. 2
Offices  10
Electrical appliances   1
Lightning   1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Sparks from chimney  1
Defective  chimney   3
Defective fireplace    1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure     3
Grease on stove  1
Incendiary  _  1
Live coals  1
Match carelessness  3
Smokers' carelessness  28
Sparks from chimney   3
Sparks from furnace   1
Spontaneous combustion   1
Stove explosion   1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Thawing pipes   1
Unknown    4
Defective furnace  1
Short circuit   1
Carburettor back-firing  2
Exposure    1
Gasoline carelessness   1
Gasoline explosion   2
Grease on stove  1
Lamp explosion  ,  1
Defective chimney  2
Exposure     1
Match carelessness   1
Overheating of drying-machine  1
Sparks from boiler  1
Sparks from chimney   2
Spontaneous combustion   1
Unknown  1
Clothes too near stove  1
Friction of logging-cable  1
Sparks from engine  2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown     1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Sparks from mill burner  1
Unknown  1
Unknown    2
Coal-oil carelessness   1
Lightning   1
Match carelessness   1
Unknown   ;  1
Dust explosion  1
Exposure     6
Gas-radiator insufficiently protected  1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from chimney  1
$75
55
59
67
$9,196
327
10
2,530
360
5,200
6
5,226
1,175
7,822
19,685
29,256
9
4,212
75
7,747
$2,039
10
200
9,200
1,500
8,685
$109
3,000
115
74
15
15
2,100
10
$6,000
17,829
1,247
3,448
$464
8,000
743
$6,594
38,291
$5,035
11,189
$10
6,431
883
15
15
$256
92,836
135
626
21,634
5,438
29,192
9,207
4,430
49,999
44,885
16,224
7,354 K 18
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Paper-mills  4
Playhouses (children's)  1
Post-offices  1
Printing-offices  1
Refineries (copper)  1
Restaurants  7
Rice-mills	
Rooming-houses..
1
24
Sawmills
Shingle-mills      12
Ships        1
Side-walks        1
Slaughter-houses        1
Causes.
Sparks from chimney  1
Spontaneous combustion   1
Unknown    2
Matches, children with  1
Exposure     1
Overheated bearing   1
Dust explosion  1
Coal-gas   explosion  1
Defective chimney   1
Grease on stove  1
Smokers' carelessness .-.  1
Sparks from  chimney  1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Taking flash-light photograph  1
Friction in pulley  1
Defective chimney  1
Defective wiring   1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure     3
Short circuit   2
Smokers' carelessness  10
Sparks from chimney  1
Sparks from fireplace  1
Spontaneous combustion   1
Stove explosion   1
Unknown    2
Exposure     2
Friction in pulley  1
Lightning   1
Overheated electric motor  1
Sparks from boiler   2
Sparks from Dutch oven  1
Sparks from mill burner  5
Unknown    4
Defective   chimney  1
Incendiary    1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Sparks from chimney   2
Spontaneous combustion   1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Ashes against wood  2
Defective stove   1
Exposure     1
Matches, children with  2
Smokers' carelessness   4
Siparks from burning rubbish  2
Unknown    9
Incendiary    1
Overheating of dry-kiln  1
Sparks from Dutch oven  1
Sparks from mill -burner  2
Sparks from smoke-stack  1
Spontaneous combustion   2
Unknown    4
Spontaneous combustion   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Amount of Loss.
$936
13,800
772
        $15,508
  50
  800
  55
  75
$10
1,275
25
979
50
43
417
  2,799
  866
$1,944
315
7
3,050
47
166
5
38
384
64
5,293
$7,048
340
2,129
325
2,075
2,826
56,696
174,381
$400
323
1,695
526
86
1,850
225
$235
30
7
260
1,615
125
2,941
$3,000
12,079
506
1,816
84
2,009
58,360
11,313
245,820
5,105
5,213
77,854
50
50
250 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 19
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount
of Loss.
4
1
$25
1
100
1
20
Spontaneous combustion 	
1
20
$165
Stables	
3
Lamp upset 	
1
$300
1
507
1
5
812
1
1
5
Stations (bus)	
(1
1
25
1
Smokers' carelessness	
1
10
Stores	
...     99
Clothes too near stove	
1
$1,256
2
9,859
1
1,322
Electrical appliances 	
3
281
37
93,502
Gasoline explosion 	
1
2,290
Match carelessness	
2
548
Matches, mice with	
1
62
2
.     20
673
23,509
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from burning rubbish	
2
70
3
142
Sparks from stove	
3
6,378
Spontaneous combustion 	
7
32,848
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected	
2
9,867
Tar boiling over '.	
1
83
Unknown  	
11
32,480
215,170
Stores and apartments	
...     23
Curtains from stove .:	
1
$33
Defective chimney	
1
13
Electrical appliances 	
2
23
Exposure  	
3
4,490
Smokers' carelessness  	
.      10
286
Sparks from  chimney	
2
88
Spontaneous combustion 	
2
2,232
Tar boiling over	
1
90
1
15
7,270
31
1
$45
25,531
Defective chimney 	
4
Defective fireplace 	
1
35
1
10
Defective wiring 	
1
50
Electrical appliances 	
1
19
Exposure	
4
116
Lamp explosion 	
1
28
Match carelessness 	
1
375
Short circuit	
1
63
Smokers' carelessness  .	
1
31
Sparks from chimney 	
5
268
Sparks from stove-pipe	
1
7,000
325
Spontaneous combustion 	
1
Unknown  	
7
10,392
44,288
Stores and hotels	
..     14
Defective fireplace	
1
$200
Electrical appliances 	
1
2,859
Smokers' carelessness 	
10
21,094
Unknown  	
1
29
Varnish boiling over on stove	
1
-120
24,302
Stores and offices	
22
Defective wiring 	
1
$199
Electrical appliances 	
1
6
Eaposure   	
13
45,597 K 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Stores, offices and apartments
Stores, offices and rooms  2
Stores and post-offices  1
Stores and printing offices.... 1
Stores and rooms  30
Strefet-cars        2
Tents        1
Theatres.        9
Tobacco-curing plants.  1
Tug-boats  1
Veneer-panelling plants  1
Warehouses  19
Wharves..
Totals..
2
..2,022
Matches, children with  1
Short circuit  '.  1
Smokers' carelessness  3
Spontaneous combustion   1
Unknown    1
Lightning   1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Exposure     1
Unknown    1
Exposure     1
Gas-neutralizer on cylinder press ignited paper 1
Ashes against wood'  1
Defective chimney  3
Exposure     4
Gasoline-torch explosion   1
Gas-plate insufficiently protected  1
Match carelessness   1
Smokers' carelessness  11
Sparks from chimney  3
Sparks from stove  1
Stove-pipe insufficiently .protected  1
Unknown    3
Short circuit '■.  1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Belt driving projection-machine broke  1
Defective film   2
Defective furnace-pipe   1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure  1
Furnace insufficiently protected  1
Sparks from stove  2
Wood too near furnace   1
Coat used to cover engine ignited  1
Friction in sanding-machine  1
Coal-gas explosion  1
Defective  chimney    1
Fuse blew in wires operating coffee-roaster  l
Lightning  1
Match carelessness  1
Rubbish around furnace   1
Smokers' carelessness  3
Spontaneous combustion  2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  7
Unknown  _  2
  2,022
Amount of Loss.
$299
3,993
272
153
26,977
$231
41
$188
55
$77,496
272
243
1,913
35
$5
308
3,975
25
75
355
2,765
411
200
27
6,237
$10
29
14,383
39
170
$334
629
818
1,281
107
76
9,005
12,250
2,303
385
103
$168
68
35
5,500
1,600
306
1,111-
2,839
237
50,828
62,692
2,520
$2,622,995 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL, 1927.
K 21
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TABLE VI.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1923-27.
Occupancy.
Cause of Fire.
Loss of Life.
Adults.     Children.
Apartments	
Dwelling	
Dwelling	
Launch	
Store and dwelling	
Totals, 1927
Totals, 1926
Totals, 1925
Totals, 1924
Totals,  1923
Ignition of paint-remover	
Lamp upset	
Stove insufficiently protected
Gasoline explosion	
Unknown	
5
3
1
1
1
1
8
4
8
10
5
4
1
5
5
9
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Chables F.  Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1928.
625-528-178Q

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