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Q 125
The High School Entrance Examination was held on June 24th, 25th, and 26th at 191 centres
throughout the Province.
Under the regulations of the Department, pupils attending a public school in a district
where a high school or a superior school is in operation are promoted on the recommendation
of a committee composed of the Principal of the school, the Principal of the high school or
superior school, and the Provincial Inspector of Schools.
The number of pupils who were successful in obtaining certificates follows:—
On recommendation   4,365
On examination   1,266
Total  5,631
Amy MacDonald, a pupil of the Granby Bay Public School, had the honour of leading the
Province with an aggregate mark of 543 out of a possible 600.
The names of the winners of His Excellency the Governor-General's bronze medals are:—
No.   1
No.   2
No.   3
Barbara L'Estourgen Salisbury	
No.   4
No.   5
Frank J. Ling	
No.   6
No.   7
Margaret May Miller	
Frances Marion Moran	
No    8
No.   9
No 10
The following are the results of the examinations held in June in the various high schools
and superior schools throughout the Province :—
No. of
No. passed
in all
No. granted
No. granted
Grade IX	
Grade X	
Grade XI.  (Normal Entrance)	
Grade XI.  (Junior Matriculation)	
Grade XI. (Normal Entrance and Junior Matriculation)
Grade XII	
Third-year Commercial	
Third-year Home Economics	
Third-year Technical	
"Under the regulations of the Council ot Public Instruction, the teachers of high schools have the
right to determine promotion in Grades IX. and X. As a result, the number of candidates sitting for
examination in these two grades is comparatively small. A student who is granted standing in four or
more subjects on the June Examinations, and satisfies his principal by oral or written examination before
the opening of school in September that he has gained a fair standard of proficiency in the subjects in
which he failed in June, may be promoted by the principal to the next grade without further Departmental
Examination. Q 126
The following summary shows the average mark obtained in each paper at the June Examinations by Junior and Senior Matriculation candidates:—
AvEitAGE Make.
English Composition	
His Excellency the Governor-General's silver medals which are awarded annually to the
five leading Junior Matriculation students were won this year by the following:—
High School.
Ethel Naomi Davis	
John Edward Lipson	
Kathleen Marjorie Baker...
Percy Philip Saltzman	
Anthony Leycester Hunter
John  Oliver, Vancouver-
King Edward, Vancouver.
Victoria High 	
King George, Vancouver...
Magee,   Vancouver	
The Royal Institution Scholarships awarded annually by the University of British Columbia
to the student obtaining the highest marks in the Junior Matriculation Examination, and to the
six other students who lead in their respective districts, were won by the following:—
High School.
John Oliver, Vancouver	
St. Clare School for Girls, Vancouver
Sheila Joyce McKinnon, Kitsilano High School, Vancouver, was the winner of the Royal
Institution Scholarship of $150 which is awarded annually by the University of British Columbia
on the results of the Senior Matriculation Examination. Miss McKinnon obtained 827 marks
out a possible 1,000. PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 127
Past I.    (Time, 1 hour.)
[Note.—The questions in Part I. can tie solved mentally, tut candidates who find any of the
problems too difficult to perform mentally may work them out with pen and ink in the space
left at the bottom of the page. The answer to each question must be placed on the blank to
the right of the question.]
[All fractional parts of answers must be given in their lowest terms.]
Answer. Value.
1. Write:—
(a.) Thirty million, eighty thousand, six, in figures.                  1
(6.)  787070 in words	
(c.)  DCCLXXIX. in figures.                                                             1
2. (a.)  %+8+2%=                                                                                       1
(&.), 14-47,==                                                                                             1
(c.) 3%x%xexy7=                                                     1
(d.) 3%-«-7=                                                                 1
3. (a.)  .06X10=                                                                                              1
(5.)  .06x.l==                                                                                               1
(a)  .06X.01=                                                                                             1
(cl)  .06^-10=                                                                                               1
(e.)  .06h-.1=                                                                                                1
(/.)  .06-f-.01 =                                                                                             .-  1
4. Express:—
(a.)  .375 as a common fraction.                                                        j[
(b.)  .375 as a percentage.                                                                  J_
(c.)   % as a decimal fraction.                                                           -^
(d.)  % as a percentage.                                                                 \
(e.)   ,4% as a common fraction.                                                       \
(/•)  Vi% as a decimal fraction.                                                        \
(g.) 2% as a percentage.                                                                   \
5. A car goes 660 feet in 10 seconds.    What is its rate in miles
per hour?                                                                                               ^.
6. The roof of a shed is 30 feet long by 18 feet wide.   Find the cost
of painting it at 15 cents per square yard.                                    3
7. A square field is 80 rods long.    In how many minutes can a man
walking at the rate of 4 miles per hour walk once around it?     3
8. What will it cost at 75 cents a yard to build a fence around a
circular pond having a diameter 28 feet?  3
9. A pile of cordwood is 16 yards long, 6 feet high, and 4 feet wide.
What is its value at $10 per cord?                                               3 Q 128 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Answer. Value.
10. Find the simple interest on $330 for 10 months at 6% per annum     3
11. If a boy sells rabbits at 75-cents each he gains y± of the cost.
How many rabbits would he need to sell to gain $6?      4
12. A car was sold for $1,000 less three successive discounts of 20%,
10%, 5%.    What was the net price?     4
13. What will it cost to cover a 5-inch cube with a layer of gold at
50 cents per square inch?     3
Part II.    (Time, iy2 hours.)
[AH work must be shown.    One of the marks assigned to each problem will be given
for orderly arrangement.]
8 1. At $1.20 a rod it costs $288 to fence a square field. What will it cost to plough the
field at $3.60 per acre?
8 2. In a certain town is a hill half a mile long, and the street ascending the hill has a
4y2-foot sidewalk on each side, which requires sanding after sleet-storms. If the
sand be spread .1 inch deep, how many cubic feet of sand will be needed for each
sanding of the sidewalks?
10 3. A Canadian merchant buys 3,000 pairs of gloves in France at $1 per pair, pays
freight and insurance totalling $60, an ad valorem duty of 5% and a specific duty
of 18c. per pair. He sells the gloves so as to gain 20% of their gross cost. Find
the selling-price per pair.
8        4. A building costing $20,000 is insured by its owner for 60% of its cost at 1,4% of face
of policy.
(a.) Find the premium he had to pay.
(&.)  If the building, whjle insured, is totally destroyed by fire, how much has the
owner saved by insuring?
8 5- On June 1st, 1929, I bought a new motor-car for $1,450, paying 40% of its cost in
cash, turning in my old car at $350, and giving my note at 4 months at 6% per
annum for the balance.
(a.) When will I have to pay the note?
(6.) How much must I pay to redeem it?
8 6. A commission merchant sold some fruit for his employer. He retained 2y2% commission, paid $2.54 for freight charges, $1.36 for storage, and remitted $347.10 to
his employer.    For how much did the agent sell the fruit?
Canadian History.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
29       1- IB eacn blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete:—
Captain James Cook, in search of the , sailed
up the west coast of America and landed at	
in the year     Whilst refitting his vessels, his sailors exchanged
trinkets with the Indians for valuable     Within a few
years an immense trade sprang up on this coast, but the right of the British
to engage in trade was disputed by the , who,
in 1789, seized the land and vessels of ,
who had established a trading-post on the coast.    Later, when the dispute
was settled,   was sent out from
England to accomplish the formal repossession of the trading-post.   About PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 129
this time bitter rivalry between the Hudson's Bay Company and its strongest
competitor, the  Company,
resulted in extensive exploration in Western Canada.   A partner in the latter
Company, named , was the first white
man to cross the^ Rocky Mountains and reach the Pacific Ocean. He accomplished this task in the year     Later, Simon Fraser built at
 the first permanent abode of
civilized  man  in   British   Columbia.    Another   partner,   David  Thompson,
explored the main stream of the River.    In 1821
these rival companies were united, the first Governor of the united company
being    A strong man was needed
by the Company in the West and	
was chosen.    In 1830 he established his headquarters at	
 , on the north bank of the Columbia
River.    Fearing that this territory would soon become the property of the
 , the Hudson's Bay
Company determined to select a new site for its principal fort on the Pacific;
therefore, in 1843, under the direction of the chief trader, whose name was
 , there was built Fort
 on Vancouver Island.
After the settlement of the boundary question between the two countries by the
Oregon Treaty in the year a colony was formed on Vancouver
Island, of which the first governor was	
The discovery of gold on the Mainland of British Columbia in the year
 caused a great rush of miners to the	
River.    The Mainland was then created a colony, with	
 as the capital.    To give easier access to
the rich goldfields of the Cariboo, the Road
was constructed. Law in the mining camps was strictly maintained by
 , the Chief Justice of the Colony.
In 1866 the two colonies were united under the name of	
 , and by proclamation of Governor
Seymour, the city of was named the capital.
By the terms of its union with the other Provinces, British Columbia was
promised a railway to connect it with the Eastern Provinces. After considerable delay the Railway
was completed to the Coast in the year	
17       2. In each blank fill in the word or words necessary to make the statement complete:—
By a treaty known as the	
France in the year gave up to Britain all claim to Canada.
Immediately it became necessary to provide some form of government for
the new Colony. From 1760 to 1763 military rule was in force. This was
superseded by Civil Government set up by the Royal Proclamation of 1763.
The form of government provided did not satisfy the settlers. In an effort
to bring about conditions that would satisfy both the French and the English
settlers, the Parliament of ,
in the year 1774, acting on the advice of the Governor, Sir Guy Carleton,
passed an Act known as the	
By this Act civil cases were to be tried in the courts by	
law, while criminal cases were to be tried by law.
An Assembly was not granted, but a	
was created to assist the Governor in law-making.
In 1783 by a treaty known as the Great
Britain acknowledged the independence of the	
    Many of the American colonists were, from the
first, opposed to the rebellion and after the war was over emigrated to
9 Canada, where they were known as the..
These new settlers believed that the people should have a voice in the making
of the laws and the levying of taxes.   Thus came about a strong demand for
..Government.    In 1791, to meet this demand,
the was passed.   By this
Act, the old province was divided into two provinces under the names of
The Government of each province was to consist of a Governor, appointed
by and representing the : , and a parliament
or legislature composed of two houses, a....'	
appointed for life and a elected
by the people for a term of four years. In addition there was in each
Province an Executive Council appointed by the Crown.
The real government of the country was carried on by a group of individuals,
all of whom were appointed and were in no way responsible to the people's
elected representatives in the Assembly. This group, known in both provinces as the , was opposed by
reformers who sought Government.
Rebellions occurred in both provinces in the years  and
 , and, as a result, the British Government sent out
 as Governor and asked him to
report on political conditions.    In his report he recommended the union of
the two provinces and the establishment of	
Government.    In the year 1840 his recommendation was adopted and the
British Parliament passed an Act known as the	
Due to differences in race, religion, and population, the Act of 1840, in time,
proved unsatisfactory.    In 1864 conferences were held at	
and  to discuss a federal union of all
provinces.    A number of Irishmen in the United States, hostile to Britain
and known as , invaded Canada.    This
made the people realize the necessity for union.    By royal proclamation on
July 1st in the year an Act known as the	
 came into effect and the four
provinces of ,  ,
 ,   and	
were united into the Dominion of Canada. British Columbia joined the
union in the year	
(J       3. Give in the spaces provided two matters over which  each  Government exercises
The Dominion or Federal Government:
The Provincial Government:
The Municipal Government :
12       4. The following names have a place in Canadian History.   Mention one important
event with which each name is connected:—•
Joseph Howe
Lord Elgin .... r
Q 131
Henry Hudson ..
Egerton Ryerson  	
Laura Secord 	
Sir Arthur Currie	
The following events in Canadian History are described in your text-book.    Name
one important individual that was connected with each:—
Red River Rebellion 	
Seven Years' War	
Rebellion of 1837-38 	
The Battle of Queenston Heights	
The Selection of Ottawa as Capital	
8       5. Define the following terms (a formal definition is not required) :—
Treaty   -	
Federal union 	
Representation by population 	
10 6. In the early history of Canada the Indians have an important place. Write as fully
as you can about the part that was played by either of the two famous Indian
chiefs, Pontiac or Tecumseh.
18       7. In referring to the United Empire Loyalists, your History states, " Nothing remained
for them but either tp return to Great Britain or to seek new homes in the forests
of the north under the old flag."
Write an essay on the United Empire Loyalists under the following heads:—
(1.)  Location of their Settlements in Canada.
(2.)  Government Assistance.
(3.)  Life in early Loyalist Settlements.
Drawing.    (Time, 21/i hours.)
[Candidates should be allowed 15 minutes to select the examples called for in question 1. The
drawing books and portfolios should be collected at the end of that time and should be
returned to the candidates when the examination in the subject is completed.]
18 i- Select and hand in from drawings done by you during the year an example of each
of the following:—
(1.) A drawing of a spray of leaves, finished in pencil, pen, or colour.
(2.) A drawing of a border or band design in colour.
(3.) A drawing of some common object in pencil, pen, or crayon.
2(5 2. Draw a rectangle 4" by 6" to represent a book-cover. Letter therein the following
title, making the capital letters about xk" high and the small letters of corresponding size:—
Notes on Africa—by William Smith
28 3- In a 4%" square, draw a butterfly decoration similar to the copy shown below.
Changes may be made in the forms of the wings and also in proportions. Attention should be given to the making of good curves and to the construction
generally. Q 132
28       4. Make a pencil outline drawing of the photograph shown below to fill a rectangle
4y2" by 6". PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 133
English Composition.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
10       1. Combine each group of sentences into one sentence:—
(a.) My friend, Sir Roger, is a good Churchman. He has beautified the inside
of his Church with several texts.    He chose these texts himself.
(6.) Many beggars squatted on the stair leading to the Norman dining-hall.
This dining-hall was usually on an upper floor. The beggars sometimes
grew so insolent that ushers had to be posted outside to beat back the
noisy throng.    The ushers were armed with rods.
13       2. Compose sentences (one sentence for each word) to illustrate the correct use of the
Counsel, council;   core, corps;   currant, current;   stationary, stationery;   steak,
stake; principal, principle.
12       3. Write in their appropriate places in the blanks the words that are given on the
left-hand side of each sentence:—
vain AVe do not blame a man who is of his success so
much as one who is of his learning.
love It has been wisely said that we may a friend
though we do not his faults.
old Most of my friends are still young men;  but I
have lately become acquainted with a very man.
old His library contains many editions of the
 classical writers.
cure He has tried nearly every in existence;
but no has yet been effected.
invention We speak of the of a new planet or
island but of the of a new machine.
12        4. Rewrite  the  following,   supplying  the  necessary   capital  letters   and  punctuation-
marks :—
(a.) a hubert a hubert shouted the populace more interested in a known person
than in a stranger in the clout in the clout a hubert forever thou canst
not mend that shot locksley said the prince with an insulting smile
i will notch his shaft for him however replied locksley who can this be
whispered the yoemen to each other such archery was never seen since
a bow was first bent in britain.
(6.) bravo bravo the king cried out
all honour to those who try
the spider up there defied despair
he conquered and why not i
G       5.  (a.)  Rewrite the following sentence, changing the direct quotation to the indirect:—
" I am sorry," replied the King, " that my vessel is already chosen and that
I cannot, therefore, sail with the son of the man who served my father."
(6.)  Rewrite the following sentence, changing the indirect quotation to the direct:—
The ruler said that it had been bravely done, and that he would keep his
plighted word. Q 134 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
12        6. Write a short story of two or three paragraphs telling about any unusual or amusing
experience that you may have had.
8 7. Write a letter to the Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa,
Canada, asking for a copy of the " List of Publications " issued by the Branch.
Use your Examination number instead of your name. Rule a space for the
envelope and in it write the address.
28       8. Write an essay of at least a page on one of the following subjects:—
(a.) The city, town, or district in which I live.
(6.)  The early history of British Columbia.
(o.)  My favourite character or theme in the Literature studied,
(tl) My ambition in life.
English Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
21        1. The native inhabitants, who formed five-sixths of the population of Red River, were
disturbed when they learned that they were to have new rulers.
To her fair works did Nature link
The human soul that through me ran;
And much it grieved my heart to think
What Man has made of Man.
Give the clauses (principal and subordinate) in the above sentences.    State the kind
of each clause and the relation of the subordinate clauses.
10       2. Supply the correct word in each blank in the following:—
(1.)  The feminine of wizard is	
(2.)  The comparative of bad is	
(3.)  The masculine plural of heroine is	
(4.) The past participle of forget is	
(5.) The feminine plural of	
(6.) The plural objective of she is	
(7.) An adverb that is formed from easy is	
(8.)  The superlative degree of evil is	
(9.)  The possessive plural of mouse is	
(10.) The plural of the adjective this is	
5       3. On the line at the end of each sentence state the mood of the verb in italics in the
(1.)  I feel sure that he is ill	
(2.)  Come at once, please	
(3.) If he were a king, he would rule justly	
(4.) He wishes to see me	
(5.) Give me your answer in writing	
20       4. In the first sentence given below the group of words, " on whom he relied," is an
adjective clause modifying the noun " persons."
State the grammatical value (i.e., classify)  the word or group of words given in
. italics in each of the other sentences.   Give also the relation of each word or
group of words. PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 135
(1.)  The persons on whom he relied
•were not sincere.
(2.) I know that he is ill.
(3.)  The book on the desk is mine.
(4.)  That he is ill is certain.
Adjective clause.
Modifying the noun
" persons."
herd wandered southward.
(6.) He decided to fight to the last.
(7.)  Giving alms to the poor brings
(8.) To whom did you speak?
(9.)  When he left she entered.
(10.) The man was a soldier.
10       5. When this introductory ceremony was performed,  Cedric  extending his hand  to
Richard, conducted him into a small and very rude chapel which was excavated
out of the external buttresses.
The words given in the form below are from the above sentence.    Tell what part of
speech each word is.    Give also the relation of the word.
Part of Speech.
into ....
was excavated.,
buttresses	 Q 136 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
16       6. Write in the blank spaces the verb form referred to in the parentheses:—
(1.) The hound _ the hare.
(present indefinite, active, of the verb chase)
(2.) I hope I my work by noon.
(future perfect, active, of the verb finish)
(3.) The girls to their friends.
(i 't'seut imperfect, active, of the verb write)
(4.) They  the law.
(past perfect, active, of the verb break)
(5.)  The directions faithfully.
i (past perfect, passive, of the verb follow)
(6.) The boy the ball.
(present perfect, active, of the verb catch)
(7.)  I have heard that he	
(future indefinite, passive, of the verb reward)
(8.)  The race by Percy Jones.
(past indefinite, passive, of the verb win)
18        7. Select in each case one of the words given in the brackets and then write the word
in the blank space.   Give the reason for your choice of word.
(1.)  The committee has chosen either you or      (I or me)
(2.)  It was to whom you gave the money,    (he or him)
(3.) The dog down before the fire,    (lay or laid)
(4.) He has all the milk,    (drank or drunk)
(5.)   did you see at the meeting?    (who or whom)
(6.)  His work is done than hers,   (neater or more neatly)
Geography.    (Time, 2,4 hours.)
33       !• In eacn blank fill in the word or words needed to make the sentence complete :—
(a.) Most of the countries of South America have a	
form of government, while the prevalent language among the people
is     In Brazil, however, 	
is generally spoken.    The original native people belonged to the	
 ..race.   The most progressive country
is , which competes with
Canada in the production of and
    South American countries lead
the world in the production of certain commodities.    Brazil is noted for
the production of , Argentina for
the production of , and Chile for
the production of    In South America
only one transcontinental railway has been built, the western terminus
of which is , the eastern
terminus being	
(&.)  Circles passing around the globe parallel to the equator are called	
    The North Temperate PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 137
Zone lies between the and
     The South Temperate
Zone extends from the	
to the :     The latitude
of the North Pole is    The distance
between any two consecutive parallels is approximately	
miles.    Longitude is measured east and west of the meridian which
passes through near
    Meridians are farthest
apart at the     The only place
which has no latitude and no longitude is that point where the	
 crosses the  :.	
meridian.    When the time at Kamloops, 120 degrees west longitude, is
12 noon, the time at London is     In Canada
we have our longest day on , while the
people of Australia have their longest day on .'	
The earth rotates on its axis once in '. .:	
(c.) The northern part of the Rocky Mountain trench is drained by the 	
Rivers, which unite to form the Peace River.   This river breaks through
the Rocky Mountains and flows in	
direction to join the River
system.    The chief industry of the Peace River area is the growing of
 :    At the present time the development
of this district is retarded by the lack of	
Prince George is situated at the junction of the Fraser and	
Rivers;  Kamloops at the junction of the	
and  Rivers;   and Prince Rupert
on Kaien Island near the mouth of the River.
The principal industry of the lower Fraser Valley is	
The products of this area are consumed  principally in  the  City of
Two centres in British Columbia noted for the manufacture of wood-pulp
are  and 	
(d.) The Nile River rises in ,
the largest lake in Africa.   Much of the water of the Nile comes from
rains in the	
Mountains, through its tributaries the	
and the    The largest dam
of its kind in the world has been built across the Nile at	
     The chief crop grown on the
irrigated lands of this area is	
(e.)  Underline the name of the country, state, or province that is the chief source
of supply of each product listed below:—
Product. Country.
Gold. Alaska, Australia, South Africa, Canada.
Silver. Canada, Mexico, Bolivia, Spain.
Nickel. Mexico, Chile, Ontario, Nova Scotia.
Tin. Malay, Alberta, Uruguay, Transvaal.
Asbestos. Norway, Quebec, Algeria, Queensland.
Diamonds. Brazil, Spain, Mexico,  South Africa.
Petroleum. Persia, France, United States, Turkey.
Jute. Jutland, Argentina, Cuba, India.
Pulp and paper.   Sweden, Canada, United States, Russia.
Tea. China,  India,  Japan,  Greenland. Q 138 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(/.) Name the principal raw material from which  each of the following is
Molasses,    Rayon,	
Chocolate,     Glass,	
Crockery,     Binder-twine,	
Malt,      Quinine, 	
Q       2. Tell in a sentence or two what is meant by each of the following:—
" White coal."
18       3. Give, in a sentence or two about each, brief answers to the following questions:—
(a.) Why is the eastern side of the Okanagan Valley more densely wooded than
the western side?
(6.)  What effect would the deepening and widening of the canals of the St.
Lawrence River system have upon the commerce of Vancouver?
(c.) Why are there so many more lakes in Canada than in the United States?
__jj (d.) Account for the frequent fogs in the neighbourhood of Newfoundland.
(e.) Why do the channels of trade in China run in an easterly and westerly
(/.)Why is the plain of the Ganges River more densely populated than the plain
of the Indus?
(}       4. Canada derives many benefits from her membership in the British Empire.    Mention
three such benefits.
25       5. (a.) On the map of the world supplied you, ten seaports are represented by the
numbers 1 to 10.    Write after each of the numbers given below, the name
of the seaport that is represented on the map by the number:—
1      2	
3      4	
5      6	
7      8	
9    10	
(b.) The numbers 11 to 20 on the map represent other cities.    Write after each
number  the  name  of  the  city  that  is  represented  on  the  map by  the
11    12	
13    14	
15    16	
17   'lS	
19    20	
(c.) Trade routes are represented on the map by arrows, and ships are marked by
letters.    Write below after each letter two important products that would
probably be carried by the ship that is represented by the letter :■—
(d.) Indicate, opposite each letter in the table below, two products which might be
carried on the return voyage of the ship which is represented by that
c : :	
(e.) The letters F to P on the map indicate islands. Write after each of the following letters the name of the island, or islands, represented by the letter:—
F     G	
H     J	
K    L	
M    N	
O    P	
12       6. Write three brief paragraphs on Australia under the following headings:—
(a.) Position and surface features;
(6.) Three prevailing winds, their direction, and their influence upon the climate;
(c.) Industries and the district in which each industry is carried on.
Penmanship and Dictation and Spelling.    (Time, iy2 hours.)
(25 marks for Penmanship and 75 marks for Dictation and Spelling.)
[Note.—The Supervisor shall read Sections A and B to the candidates three times—the first time
to enable them to gather the meaning; the second time slowly and clearly in subsections as
marked by the bars, allowing all the candidates sufficient time to write the words; and the
third time for review. He should repeat words and phrases, when necessary, in order that
every candidate may hear distinctly. Punctuation-marks should not be dictated. Candidates
are not permitted to rewrite the passages.]
24 A- Often and often | I have thought of writing something I about the love of my native
land, | but was restrained ] by the feeling | that it was too intimate I and personal I
to be exposed | for the entertainment of the public. I Goodness knows, I I have
gossiped | about almost everything | in the most shameless way, I but there was
something | about love of the land | that seemed too sacred | to reveal even to
intimate friends. | But now I am emboldened | to talk to those of my readers I
who have felt the love of the land | and know what it means. I I have the good
fortune | to be living on the farm | on which I was born I —the farm which my
father cleared. | Although | I was born too late to take a hand I in the work
of clearing, | I learned the history of every acre | before an open fireplace I many
years ago. | The history of the clearing of the land, | the first crops, I the names
and characters | of the horses and cows on the place, I are so interwoven I with
my youthful recollections | that I seem to remember them all I as if I had taken
part ] in the battle with the wilderness myself | and had shared I in all its
triumphs and sorrows. ]
15 B. " You seem so very strong," | said the king, | " that I am sure [ you must be able to
grind these millstones." I Q 140
" Oh yes," said the women in a breath, I " we can turn these millstones quite easily. I
What shall we grind for you, our King? " I
" Grind out gold," said the king, I " gold in a glittering heap." |
" That we will," said the women, I and baring their great arms I they set to work
without delay. I
In a few minutes I there were many glittering piles of yellow gold I on the floor of
the barn. I
The king's eyes glistened I as he watched the women, I and when they paused to rest
their arms I he cried eagerly, " Grind more, grind more! " I
C. The physician I recommended a higher altitude I for the patient. I
The distinctive characteristics I of a true gentleman I are nobility and chivalry. 1
The fourth session I of the ninth parliament I opened in February. I
The principle of Responsible Government I received the approval I of a majority of
the electors. I
It is important  |  that each recitation begin  |  with a short review  |  of the one
immediately preceding it. |
The musician believed I that he could arrange | to practise on his violin I for a brief
period every evening. I
These children are inseparable I and they rarely disagree. I
There must not be I a repetition of this occurrence. I
D. wrathful
Q 141
3. (a.
4. (a.
5.  (a.
6.  (a.
7. (a.
Grade IX.
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours.)
A girl is x years old now; how old will she be in x years?
She is m + n years old now; how old will she be in m — n years 1
She is a + b years old now; how old was she a - b years ago 1
Express algebraically the number of which the three digits taken in order
from right to left are 31, 2m, and 5n 1
The digits of a two-figure number are a and b.    If a new number is formed
by reversing the order of the digits, show that the product of the two
numbers is expressed by  10a2 + \0lab + 1062.      Test the truth of this
statement by using the number 37.
Explain why a - (b - c) = a - b + c.
In the expression a -b - c, what is the sign of the term b 1
Classify the terms in a4 - 3a263 + 7a64 - a2b-c - 8a263 according to the following groupings : like terms, homogenous terms, and negative terms.
If a = 8 - 2jo2, b = ip +p- - 15, c = 3p2 - 2p + 7, find the value of Ja - 26 - 3c.
A school of 720 boys is separated into upper, middle, and lower divisions
containing i(p - 5), 5(p + 6), and 3 p- 10 boys respectively. Find the
value of p, and the number of boys in each division.
Divide \xhy2 - 3x3y4 by - -far'?/2.
Simplify by removing brackets and collecting like terms:—
14a:4 - (5a;4 + 3a.4) + (7a;4 - 9a,4) - (8x'4 - 11a,4).
A father is nine times as old as his son, and three times as old as his
daughter.     Their combined ages make up 65 years.     Find their ages.
"Write down : (1) the square of 3a2 - iab ; (2) the product of 7aa.2 - 4a2a; and
7aa:2 + 4a2a.; and (3) the product of 198 and 202.
When a = - 4, 6 = 2, c = - 3, and d= 0, find the value of
3a63 - 62(2a2 + 36) + 2a2ci(2« - 62 + 3) - 363(a - 1).
Subtract 5x?y - Uxy3 + a;4 - 6y4 - 3a%2 from 8a.y3 - 2a;3y - 5y\
What must be added to as - 63 to give a26 - a>621
Divide Ua(a - 1) - 15(a+ 1) by 2a-5.
Simplify 2(a + 26)(2a-36)-(a-26)(a + 36)-8a6 and divide the result by
3a + 26.
Divide Ja.2 + 3xy - 30y2 by %x 4- 6y.
Simplify :
■ 27j/3    8a;3+ 2/3    x* + 6iys
x—3y        c2x + y        x + 4y Q 142 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Write answer on dotted line at end of question.   Work need not be shown.]
3       1.  (a.)  142/7% of $68.25 = _	
3 (&■) Divide the product of 3% and 2y2 by their difference	
3 (e-)  Divide the cube of .1 by the square of .01	
3 (d.) When the cost is "/, of the selling-price, what is the gain per cent.?	
3 (e.) The   perimeter   of   a   square   is   .28   metres.    Express   its   area   in   sq.   cm.
(/.) The total area of all the faces of a cube is 216 sq. in.   What is its volume?
3 (g.) 45 km. per hour equals how many dcm. per second?	
3 (h.) Express in its simplest form the ratio of % to %	
3 (i.) 1 ton 5 cwt. is what per cent, of 1,000 lb.?	
3             (j.)  If I expend % of my money and then 3/7 of what remains, how much of the
whole is left?	
[The work for this part of the paper must be shown in the space below the question.
If you cannot complete the question, work as much as you can.]
10 2. A rectangular field, whose width is 176 yds., contains 7 ac. 3,080 sq. yds. Find the
distance from corner to corner on the diagonal.
10 3. A dealer paid $31.50 for an article after receiving successive discounts of 12y2% and
10%.    What was the list price?
10       4. A circular fish-pond of 35 yds. diameter is surrounded by a cement walk 21 ft. wide.
What is the area of the walk?
10 5. I wish to invest $1,500 for 2 years. Which is the better investment, a note bearing
4%% yearly interest or a savings-bank account bearing 4% interest, compounded
semi-annually?   How much better?
10 6. Find the proceeds of a note for $400, drawn Feb. 3, 1929, at 3 months with interest at
5% per annum and discounted at a bank on Feb. 22, 1929, at 8%.
10 T. A man's tax is $37.80. His property is assessed at 30% of its value and the rate is
15 mills.    What is the man's property worth?
10 8- Capital originally invested so as to yield an annual income of §22,500 at the rate of
9% is reinvested at 10% and the income divided among 3 persons in the ratio of
4:7:9.   What is the yearly income of each?
Drawing.    (Time, 2 hours.)
A. Selections from Drawings.
[The time taken to collect these drawings is not to be deducted from the two
hours allowed for this paper.]
Select the following from the drawings you have made during the past year, and write
your distinguishing number at the top right-hand corner of each. Before beginning
your drawing give these to the Examiner.
1. An example of nature-drawing.    (Preferably in colour.)
2. An example of lettering.    (Should illustrate the use of margins.)
3. An example of object-drawing.    (Preferably in full light and shade.) PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 143
4. An example of ornamental design.    (Indicate the scheme of colour-harmony employed.)
5. A colour-chart.
B. Object-drawing.    (Ruling is not permitted in this question.)
Below is shown an unshaded, outline drawing of a gramophone as seen from a position
directly in front. The top is opened to an angle of 45 degrees. Make a freehand
drawing of the gramophone as it would appear if it were turned so as to bring
the right-hand corner directly opposite your eye.
Shade your drawing to show the light falling downward from the left-hand side.
C. Design.
35       Work one of the following questions:—
(1.) Design enrichment for a cup and saucer. Draw an elevation of the cup and
the plan of the saucer with the ornament applied. Indicate the colours
you would use and name the type of colour-harmony produced by the
colour scheme.
(2.) Design a poster, as large as your paper will conveniently permit, to announce
a basket-ball match between two school teams. The information on the
poster should also make clear the time, place, and admission fee.
English Composition and Grammar.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
5       1. Use the following words in sentences of your own: credible; incessantly; terminate;
ominous;  paltry.
10       2. Make desirable corrections in the following sentences:—
(a.) Riding in an elevator always gives me a funny sensation.
(&.)  Each of the children who visit the bakery are given a tiny cake. Q 144
(c.)  We saw a man driving a car with only one leg.
{d.) The first thing a beginner must learn is to be not afraid of the water.
(e.) What kind of a typewriter do you prefer?
3. Explain in a short letter to a friend why you will not be able to carry out plans
made with him (her) for a summer holiday.
4. Write a paragraph (or short essay) on one of the following:—
(a.) How Alan  Breck Stewart secured a  passage  over  the Firth  of  Forth.
(b.) The capture of the gold train.    (Westward Ho!)
(c.) The skill of Indian trackers.    (The Last of the Mohicans.)
(d.) The hammer-throwing match.    (The Broad Highway.)
(e.) A visit to the dentist.
English Grammar.
1. (a.) Having said this, he retired to the outer room.
(6.) The desire to make a large fortune overcame any scruples.
(c.)  Mixing mortar all day is very hard work.
(d.) The open and relaxed hand gave tokens of the most profound repose.
Write the phrases that you find in the above sentences and state the kind and the
relation of each phrase.
2. In the following sentences, underline the simple subject once, the simple predicate
twice, and bracket the qualifiers of the subject and the modifiers of the predicate
as in the following example:—
[Between the mountains]  (a vast) plain stretches [northward].
(a.) The terrific heat of the sun oppressed the army of the Romans during the
long day's march.
(6.)  Once upon a time games for girls seemed unladylike.
(c.) The next morning at the break of day the battle began in terrible earnest.
(d.) There lay before me, extending completely across my path, a huge tree,
(e.) The heads of the English settlement, now thoroughly alarmed by the success
of Dupleix, met in council.
3. (a.) If he calls, say that I am busy.
(6.)  The man to whom he gave the money was willing to return it when he discovered that a fraud had been committed.
In each of the above cases,  state the kind of  sentence   (i)   according to  form,
(ii)  according to use.
Write the separate clauses in full.
Explain the relationship of each subordinate clause.
4. (a.) The life of a hunter has no attractions for me.
(b.) What to say at such a time was a puzzle.
(c.)  Praising a man is not always to his benefit.
(d.) To start in business without capital is almost impossible,
(e.) In the evening he read the newspaper.
Copy the above sentences, underline the subject in each case, and in each case state
the kind of subject. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 145
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will write on Section A;  and either Section B, or Section C, or
Section D, or Section E.]
Section A.
Narrative English Poems.
'4       1. (a.) The form of the ballad is rhythmical and suggests singing.    Quote a verse from
one of the ballads you have read which illustrates this statement.   Comment
on any devices which the poet uses to gain this effect.
6 (b.) The story of the ballad is generally simple.    Give briefly in your own words the
story of " Sir Patrick Spens."
2 (c.) There is much use of the supernatural  in ballads.   Refer definitely  to an
example of the use of the supernatural in one of the ballads you have read.
10       2. Describe how the curse was gradually lifted from the Ancient Mariner.
8       3. Comment briefly on the treachery of Tim, the ostler, in " The Highwayman."
10       4- Show how the peasant girl in " The Italian in England " was a patriot.
12       5. Name the poems from which the following extracts are taken and explain each
passage carefully:—
(a.) And the burning ship drove on—
Like a meteor of the air.
(6.) But misery still delights to trace
Its semblance in another's case,
(c.) The guilt of blood is swift and dread.
(d.) The gemmy bridle glitter'd free,
Like to some branch of stars we see
Hung in the golden Galaxy.
Section B. Kidnapped.
16       1. Answer briefly the following questions:—
(a.) Why did Ebenezer Balfour wish to get rid of David?
(5.) What was the cause of the quarrel between Alan and David?
(c.)  Why was Mr. Rankeillor so discreet?
(d.)  For what purpose was the gold intended that Alan carried in his belt?
16       2. Write a paragraph giving your opinion of one of the following:—
(a.)  Captain Hoseason.
(b.)  Mr. Riach.
'(c)  James of the Glens.
16       3. Describe briefly one of the following:—
(a.) The death of the Red Fox.
(6.) David Balfour's first reception by his Uncle Ebenezer.
(c.)  David Balfour's experiences on the islet.
Section C. Westward Ho!
16       1- Answer briefly the following questions:—
(a.) What enabled the English always to conquer vastly superior Spanish fleets?
(b.) Why had Amyas to leave school?
10 Q 146 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(c.) What reasons did the merchant Salterne have for remorse?
(d.) How did John Brimblecombe prove his valour?
16       2. Write a paragraph giving your opinion of one of the following:—
(a.)  Eustace Leigh.
(b.)  Salvation Yeo.
(c.) Ayacanora.
16       3. Describe briefly one of the following :—
(a.) John Brimblecombe's adventure with the sharks.
(6.) The escape of the Jesuit spies,
(c.) The Brotherhood of the Rose.
Section D. The Last op the Mohicans.
16 1. Answer briefly the following questions:—
(a.) Why did Uncas hate the English?
(6.) How did the Hurons cover up their tracks?
(c.) On what occasions did the singing-master narrowly escape death?
(d.) What led the Delawares to recognize Uncas as a friend?
16       2. Write a paragraph giving your opinion of one of the following :—
(a.) The Singing-master.
(6.) Le Renard Subtil.
(c.) Hawkeye.
16       3. Describe briefly one of the following:—
(a.) The skill of Indian trackers.
(6.) The escape of Uncas and Hawkeye.
(c.)  The death of Magua.
Section E. The Broad Highway.
16        1, Answer briefly the following questions:—
(a.) Into what dangerous situations did Peter's likeness to his cousin lead him?
(B.)  What did Peter inherit in his uncle's will?
(c.)  What reconciled Black George to Peter?
(d.) Why was the Ancient disappointed when he saw Peter after the night in
the cabin?
16       2. Write a paragraph giving your opinion of one of the following:—
(a.) The Ancient.
(b.) The Literary Tinker.
(c.)  Sir Maurice Vibart.
16       3. Describe briefly one of the following:—
(a.) The Tinker's theories concerning the writing of a good novel.
(b.) The duel.
(c.) The adventure in the Haunted House. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 147
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
20       1- («•) Answer the following questions in French in complete sentences:—
(1.) Dans quelle province est Vancouver?
(2.) Oil est New York?
(3.)  Pourquoi ouvrez-vous la fenetre?
(4.)  Que voit-on au marche?    (Mention 5 things.)
(5.)  Oil y a-t-il du cafe?
(6.) Y a-t-il du lait dans le cafe noir?
(7.)  Combien font neuf fois neuf ?    (Answer in words, not in figures.)
(8.)  Dans quelle saison chantent les oiseaux?
(9.)  Dans quelle saison neige-t-il?
(10.) A quoi jouez-vous quand il fait beau?
5 (b.) Ask questions to which the following are answers:—
(1.)  II est midi.
(2.)  Jean est a 1'ecole.
(3.) J'ai quatorze ans.
(4.)  Ma plume est verte.
(5.)  Mou crayon est en bois.
5       2. Complete in French :—
.   (1.) La fille de mon oncle est ma	
(2.)  Henri est le de son oncle.
(3.)  Monsieur Durand est le de Madame Durand.
(4.)  Les trottoirs sont deux cotes de la rue.
(5.)  Andre n'est pas grand que son frSre.
(6.)  Regardez la fenetre.
(7.)  Les Americains demeurent 1'AmSrique du Nord.
(8.)  Les Japonais demeurent Japon.
(9.)  Les habitants de la Chine parlent	
(10.)   " Beaucoup " est le contraire de	
10       3. Use each  adjective with  the  noun  corresponding,  paying  attention  to  order  and
(1.)  Une poule (beau)	
(2.)  Des boites  (carre)	
(3.)  De la soupe (chaud)	
(4.)  Une abeille  (leger)	
(5.)  Une rose (pareil)	
(6.)  Une gomme (mauvais)	
(7.) Une brosse  (plat)	
(8.)  Une vache (vieux)	
(9.) Une fraise (mou)	
(10.) Des yeux (bleu)	
10       4. Copy the following sentences, putting the verbs in brackets in the proper form :—
(1.) Je (s'asseoir) sur mon bane.
(2.) Les garcons (lire) dans leur livre.
(3.) Nous (batir) une petite maison. Q 148 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(4.)  Vous (faire) des exercices physiques.
(5.)   (Entendre)-il la voix du professeur?
(6.)  Vous vous (appeler) Jacques.
(7.)  Nous (ecrire) des mots.
(8.)  Vous n'(etre) pas a la maison.
(9.) Ces 'Sieves (aller) au cinema.
(10.)  Jean,  (avoir)-il son chapeau?
20       5- Translate into French:—
(1.)  It is half-past nine.
(2.)  One thousand chairs.
(3.)  His teeth are white.
(4.)  Some one is coming.
(5.)  This tree and that tree.
(6.)  My boots and shoes.
(7.)  It is a silk handkerchief.
(8.)  In August;   in the month of July.
(9.)  Good morning, sir;  how are you?
(10.)  Sit down, please.
10       6. Arrange the words below in the proper order and add what is necessary to make a
complete sentence;   give the English of your sentences.
(1.)  En general, ne, pas, mets, sucre, the.
(2.)  Assises, Lucie, c6t<5, sont, a, professeur, Marie.
(3.)  Vous, aller, Jean, tournez, chez, pour, droite.
(4.)  Quelques, poche, j'ai, ficelle, un peu, bonbons.
(5.)  Crayon, assez, ecrire, mon, pointu, est.
6       7. After reading carefully the following passage,  answer the questions  about it in
Le petit Henri n'est pas un tr&s bon eleve.    Un jour son oncle lui demande:
"Quelle place as-tu dans ta classe?"    Henri rougit, hesite, et repond enfin:
" Si je monte d'une place, mon oncle, *je serai l'avant-dernier."
*je serai =. I shall be.
(1.)  What does Henry's uncle wish to know?
(2.)  What does Henry do before answering?
(3.)  Translate the last sentence.
H       8. Write in French a short composition, of not less than fifty words, describing your
own family (or any other family you know) :— PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 149
Title: Ma Famille.
Paragraph I.:   Enumerate the members of your family, beginning, "Dans ma
famille, il y a "
Paragraph II.: Say something about each member of your family, tell where each
one now is and what he is doing;   e.g., " My mother is in the garden where
there are pretty red roses."
Paragraph III.:   Finish by saying that you like your own family and explain
why very simply.
1. (a.
2. (a.
3. (a.
4. (a.
5. (a.
6. (a.
General Science.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.]
Name the gases of which pure air is composed.
In order to push a loaded wheelbarrow a man exerts a steady force of 48 pounds.
he wheels the load a distance of 280 yards, how much work does he do?
Give examples of the effects of slow oxidation.    How may it be prevented?
Explain fully how a refrigerator keeps food from spoiling.
Give three examples to illustrate the fact that man to a certain extent can control his
environment, and four examples to illustrate the fact that plants and animals adapt
themselves to their environment.
How do forests affect the water-supply of a district?
Define the following terms:  Matter, Energy, Work, Inertia, Friction.
Describe what you would consider to be the best way properly to ventilate a room.
Give reasons for your answer.
Give three examples of bacteria which are helpful and two examples of those which are
harmful.    State three ways in which harmful bacteria may be kept in check.
An electric iron takes a current of 4.5 amperes at a pressure of 110 volts. How much
does it cost to operate the iron for 25 minutes if the energy costs 6 cents per
Why are houses wired in parallel?
Write a note on the nature, prevention, and control of tuberculosis.
What is a seed?
Name the principal parts of a mature flowering plant, and state the functions of each
Define the following terms:   photosynthesis, transpiration, digestion.
Name the parts of the brain and give the functions of each part.
How does the body defend itself against disease?
State several ways in which we can help the body to resist disease.
7. (a.) Make a list of the various food materials which you consider would form a properly
balanced diet for a high-school student for one day. Tell why each article has been
(&.) A person eats a meal consisting of protein, starch, and fat. Trace the changes which
take place in the digestible portion of the food from the time it enters the mouth
until it is taken into the blood. Q 150
Geometry.    (Time, 2V2 hours.)
[Note.—No proof is required for any construction on this paper. Constructions must be neat
and accurate and the figures should show, by construction lines, the method used in making
the various diagrams.   Letter all diagrams neatly, using printed capitals.]
8       1.  (#■)  Construct the triangle ABC, making AB = 2.5 inches, BC=3 inches, and CA=2
8 (P-) Draw AX, BY, and CZ perpendicular to BC, CA, and AB respectively.   AX and
BY intersect at O.
6 ic.) Bisect AO and BO at L and M respectively.
8 (d.) Bisect AB, BC, and AC at F, D, and E respectively.
2. Draw any triangle DEF.
4 (a.)  Bisect angle EDF by DK meeting EF at K.
6 (5.) Through K draw KM and KN parallel to ED and FD respectively, meeting FD
in M and ED in N.
4 (c.) Bisect DK at T and join M and N.
6 (d.) Bisect KM and KN at X and Y respectively.    Through X and Y draw straight
lines perpendicular to KM and KN respectively and let these perpendiculars
meet at R.
14 3. Draw any acute angle A. At a short distance from this angle draw a triangle PQR,
having angle PQR=angle A and the sides QP and QR 2 inches and iy2 inches
respectively.    Measure the length of PR.
20 4. Draw two acute angles X and Y, making angle X what you think is about 35 degrees
and Y about 70 degrees. Take a line 2.4 inches long and on this line as base draw
a triangle having an angle at one end of this given line equal to angle X, and the
angle opposite to this given line equal to angle Y.,
16 5. Draw the right-angled triangle ABC, making the right angle at B and having BA=
3 inches. The hypotenuse AC is to be 5 inches long. Measure the length of the
remaining side BC.
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1- In the left-hand column there are forty Latin words, opposite each of which are four
English words.    One of these four words gives the correct English word for the
given Latin word.    Underline for each Latin word the English word which you
think best gives its meaning, according to the following example:—■
mensa month table immense mensuration
If you place your ruler across the line and then rule the appropriate word, you will
be able to run down the page more rapidly.
how many
how big
to carry
I carry
we play
I am seated
I learn
I teach
Q 151
10. aqua
11. ambulo
I walk
12. servus
I serve
13. supero
I overcome
14. verbum
15. exspecto
I expect
I look at
I wait for
16. longe
17. monstro
I remonstrate
I show
18. liberi
19. propero
I hurry
I propose
20. disco
I teach
I learn
I speak
21. scribo
I write
22. consido
•  I consider ,
I decide
I sit down
23. ceteri
et cetera
the rest of
24. appello
I name
I shout
I compel
25. impero
I give orders
26. absum
I am absent
far away
27. locus
28. libenter
29. nomen
I remain
30. pes
31. possum
I place
I am able
32. cur
33 miles
34. caput
he takes
35. iterum
36. mane
I remain
37. tempus
38. maneo
I remain
39. eques
40. incendo
I ascend
I set on fire
Underline the word or phrase which most correctly completes the sentence.
(a.) A vilicus was
a boy's personal attendant,   the steward of a large estate,   a cavalryman.
(6.)  In Rome the teacher was paid by
a group of men interested in education,    the senate,    the parents of
the pupils.
(c.) The "hub of Rome" was
the Capitolium,    the Forum,    the Circus Maximus.
(d.) The mightiest of the Roman deities was
Mars,   Jupiter,   Apollo,   Neptune.
(e.) A paedagogus was
a school-master,   a god,   a boy's personal attendant,   a door-keeper.
(/.) The Romans felt that they " were of the race of Mars " because
Mars was the god of war,   the people decided questions of peace and
war on the Campus Martius,    Rome was the greatest military state in
the world,    Romulus was the son of Mars. Q 152
3. Place in the parentheses before each Latin word the number of the English phrase or
group of words in the column on the right which translates the given Latin word
or words.
1. you learn.
2. are you going to the games?
3. what are you making?
4. you are speaking.
5. he went.
6. by roads.
7. give me.
8. you are doing.
9. you want.
10. he goes.
11. do you go to school ?
12. by means of our sword.
13. they were taught.
14. you do speak, don't you ?
15. we have seen.
16. you are teaching.
17. we see.
18. the black books.
19. they have been led.
20. with us.
21. the black children.
22. they approached.
quid facis?
isne ad ludos?
mihi date
liberi nigri
nostro gladio
docti sunt
5       4. In each example printed below underline that one of the words or phrases following
each sentence which means the same or most nearly the same as the italicized
word in the sentence.    Also fill in the blank with the Latin word from which the
italicized word is derived.
(a.) The vassal paid homage to his overlord,
money,    goods in kind,    fealty.
homage is derived from the Latin word	
(6.)   Colloquial expressions should not be used frequently,
slang,    foreign idioms,    local expressions.
colloquial is derived from the Latin word	
(c.)  The corpses of the slain were piled in a heap,
bodies,    armour,    weapons,    clothes.
corpses is derived from the Latin word	
(d.) By his mother Achilles was not considered vulnerable.
handsome,   unable to be wounded,   able to be wounded.
vulnerable is derived from the Latin word	
(e.) The candidate was nominated by his party,
called,    named,    defeated,
nominated is derived from the Latin word	
[Note.—Do not translate these Latin paraxjraphs into English.   See questions below.]
10       5- The questions printed in Latin below relate to the Latin paragraphs.   Read the
Latin carefully and then write in English the answers to the questions below. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 153
Media in arena est murus.    Longus est murus, sed non altus.    Romani murum quem
media in arena videtis, spinam appellant.   Videtisne spinam ?   Spina Circi Maximi
columnis et statuis est ornata.    Prope terminum spinae sunt tres columnae.    Has
columnas Romani metas appellant.    Videtisne metas?   Metae terminum spinae
aurigis monstrant cum curriculum equorum in Circo est.
Nunc consul mappa alba signum dat.    Statim quattuor quadrigae in arenam currunt.
Quam pulchri sunt equi!    Quam validi!    Nunc spectatores ex subselliis surgunt,
nunc clamant, nunc aurigas incitant.
Albata primuni locum tenet, sed primum locum diu tenere non potest.    Russata enim
equos incitat, nunc albatam superat, nunc prima est russata.    Sed prasina tertio
in loco celeriter venit.    Nunc albatam superat, nunc russatam quoque superat,
nunc prima currit.
Sextus autem venetam semper incitat.    Nunc circum spinam cursu ultimo currunt.
Ecce, nunc denique auriga Sexti equos incitat.    Albatam russatamque superat.
Nunc aequatis jugis veneta et prasina currunt.    Ecce, nunc veneta est prima.
" Veneta superat!    Veneta palmam fert! " clamant spectatores.
(a.)  Quid est media in arena?
(6.)  Quibus rebus (things) spina ornata est?
(c.)  Quod nomen Romani columnis prope terminum spinae positis dederunt?
(d.) Qua re signum aurigis dat?
(e.) Quid faciunt spectatores ubi equi arenam intrant?
(/.)  Primo (at first) quis primum locum tenet?
(g.)  Quem aurigam Sextus incitat.
(h.) Quo tempore auriga Sexti equos incitat.
(i.)  Quis palmam fert?
(j.)  Quid spectatores clamant?
6. Translate into Latin :—
1 (a.) How large are Italy and Greece?
1 (B.) The natives of ancient Gaul were uncivilized.
2 (c.)  Girls, look at the black horse.
2 (d.) Are you hurrying to school, Marcus and Lucius?
2 (e.) They did not see the beautiful buildings of the Roman Forum, did they?
2 (/•) Was the charioteer able to urge on the horses?
1 (g.) I wanted you to go with us to the games.
2 ih.) There are many races of men in Europe.
2 ii.)  We worship Minerva, the goddess of wisdom, don't we?
2 (;'•)  The teacher gave the boys instructions and they obeyed her.
2 (k.)  Learn the new words and recite them to me, Anna.
2 (I,) In the temples built by the Romans were many statues of the mighty gods.
2 (m.) Fortified cities often were captured by us in these wars.
2 (n.) We wrote to him but he did not answer us.
2 (o.) Caesar with many foot-soldiers approached the captured town.
3 (p.) With what did a Roman soldier fight?   He fought with sword and spear.
3 (q.) The city was fortified by the inhabitants with a high wall because Caesar
was not far distant.
12       7. Translate  the  following  paragraphs  into   English   and  explain  the  cases  of  the
italicized words:—•
(a.) Flaccus et Sextus in viam properant et per vias angustas  ad  Circum
Maximum emit.   Nunc appropinquant, nunc ad Circum veniunt, nunc Q 154 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
lata porta intrant, nunc in subselliis sedent.    Quadrigae autem nondum
sunt  in  arena.    Flaccus   et   Sextus   viros   et  pueros   qui  circum   eos
sedent spectare incipiunt.
lata porta 	
(B.) Multa sunt genera hominum, alia clara, alia barbara. Genus autem
Romanum est clarissimum. Gencri Romano dei imperium in ceteros
populos dederunt. Cur milites Romani ceteros populos superare potu-
erunt? Semper superaverunt quod dei nos ceteros populos imperio
regere voluerunt.
(c.) Hoc oppidum, altis muris munitum, a Romanis oppugnatum est. Romani
id prima oppugnatione capere non potuerunt. Itaque oppidum ob-
sederunt. Nunc iterum oppidum obsessum oppugnant. Sed Galli
nondum superati sunt. Quam fortiter Romanis resistunt! Quis enim
liber esse non vult? Quis vult servus Romanis esse?
8       8. Give the first person plural present indicative of absum	
third person plural perfect indicative passive of duco....
second person plural present imperative active of rego..
third person plural present indicative active of facio....
third person singular present indicative active of eo	
second person plural perfect indicative active of disco..
first person plural perfect indicative of possum	
second person singular present indicative of volo	
8       9. Give the nominative plural of hoc caput	
dative singular of auriga altus	
genitive plural of quae urbs	
vocative singular of Lucius bonus	
accusative singular of flumen longum..
ablative singular of liber ruber	
accusative plural of homo liber	
ablative plural of nomen magnum	
4     10. Complete the statements.    -
(a.) Two examples of first declension nouns which are not feminine in gender
are and	
(B.)  The case which expresses the complement is the	
(c.)  The case which expresses the indirect object is the	
(d.) The case which corresponds to our nominative of address is the	
(e.) The case which expresses means is the	
(/.) If a question may have either "yes" or "no" for an answer, the enclitic
used is	
(g.) If a question definitely expects "no" for an answer, it is introduced by
(h.) If a question definitely expects " yes " for an answer, it is introduced by
(i.) The preposition ex governs the case.
0'.) The preposition circum governs the case.
(k.) The preposition de governs the : case. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 155
(I.)  The preposition sine governs the case.
(m.)  The preposition post governs the case.
(n.)  The preposition ultra governs the case.
(o.) Nouns ending in "•—men" in the nominative singular change the "e" to
" " in the genitive singular.
Social Studies.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer four questions;  two from each part.]
Part A.
25       I-  (°-)  The achievement of responsible government in Canada was a great advance in
British colonial policy.    Explain this statement.
(B.)  Define the following terms:   dominion, crown colony, protectorate, mandated
territory, empire,
(o.) What important changes have taken place in India under British rule?
25       2.  (a.)  Compare the Witenagemot and the Great Council.
(B.)  Why was the parliament of Edward I. called the Model Parliament?
(c.) Name five gains made by Parliament in its growth during the Hundred Years
(d.)  Briefly outline two of the principal sources of trouble between Parliament and
the Stuart kings.
(e.) What were the results of the First Reform Bill?
25 3. (a.) Point out (i) the natural and geographic advantages of the district in which
you live; (ii) some of the industries and occupations.
(B.) Explain the terms: (i) statute and common law; (ii) civil law and criminal
(c.)  Write very briefly on the subject of Fire Prevention.
(d.) Tell something of the opportunities for employment associated with any two of
our outstanding B.C. industries.
Part B.
25       1- (a.)   (i.) Write briefly on the contributions to civilization made by prehistoric man.
(ii.) Whence does the historian get his material on prehistoric man?
(B.)   " The Phoenicians were missionaries of culture."    Explain this quotation, and
tell something of the culture of which they were missionaries.
25 2- («•) Describe the course of Egyptian history leading to the establishment of the
Kingdom of Menes, 3400 B.C.
(B.) (i.) Write a geographical description of (a) "the Nile and Egypt"; (B) "the
Land of the Two Rivers." (ii.) Point out any resemblances, (iii.) In what
way were these two lands peculiarly fitted to become the cradles of civilization?
25 3- Write brief notes on: (i) the Economic Reforms of Solon; (ii) Spartan discipline;
(iii) the work of Phidias; (iv) Marathon; (v) Failure of Greek states to
build a united nation.
25       4.  (a.)  Briefly describe the Athenian Empire in the time of Pericles, using the following topics:  extent, government.
(B.) What were the limitations to Greek culture?
25       5- («•) "Write concisely on Alexander's attempted "Merging of East and West."
(B.) The Epicureans and the Stoics.
(c.) Libraries and Museums. Q 156 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Grade X.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will ansioer question 1 and any five of the remainder.]
20       i- In what succession  (rotation)  would you arrange the following garden crops and
how would you divide a yearly application of stable manure at the rate of 30 tons
per acre to:   (1) peas and beans;   (2) potatoes;   (3) beets and carrots;   (4)
cabbage, cauliflower, and brussels sprouts.
16       2. What is the origin of soil and which agencies have been chiefly responsible for
present-day soil formations?
16       3. State the considerations which would determine your choice of different varieties of
peas, beans, carrots, beets, and other vegetables.
16       4. Give the life-history of (1) the tent-caterpillar and (2) the cabbage or onion maggot-
fly, together with remedial measures against attacks from these insects.
16       5. Why do bees swarm?    What is the object in preventing undesirable swarming and
how may it be prevented?
16       6. Describe and compare the four main breeds of dairy cattle common to this Province.
16       T. What are the main causes of success in poultry-keeping?
16       8. Under what conditions is pruning (1) important,  (2) undesirable?
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours.)
4 1.  A path half a mile long is to have a stone curb made on each side of it.    The
curb-stones are 6 inches  long and c of them  have already been  supplied.
How many more are needed ?
4 2. There are x gallons of oil remaining in an oil-drum from which y quarts have
leaked out.    Express the leakage as a percentage of the original contents of
the drum.
5 3. The area of a triangle whose sides are a, 6, and c is
,  a + b + c
<Xs(s — a)(s- 6) (s - c) where s = -;	
Calculate the area of a triangle whose sides are 13, 14, 15 inches.
7 4. Given that = + 3A, find the value of a in terms of 6, and give the
3 6
numerical value of a : (1) when 6 = 3, (2) when 6 = 8, (3) when 6 = 0.
8 5.  Given   that   a3 + 63 + c3 - 3a6c= (a + 6 + c) (a- + 62 + c2 - a6 - be - ca),   express
a;3 + 8ys + 27zz - ISxyz as the product of two factors.    What does the original
equation (identity) become if for c we substitute - cl
5 6. Two of the four factors of a6 - 66 are (a2 + a6 + 62) and (a2 - a6 -f 62).    What are the
other factors 1
17        7. Express as the product of two or more factors :—
(a.) a3-a26-2a62.
(6.) a3-a26-«62 + 63.
(c.)   a2 - 262 + a6 + ac - 6c.
Cd.) a,2(a,2-l)-2/2(2/2-l). Value.
10        8. Simplify and reduce to its lowest terms :—
a:- 1 1 a; + 1
a;2 + 4a: + 3    a;2 - 1    a? + 2x - 3
10        9. Solve:—
3a, -101    ...     5x--8i
x+ 1 = 114 5.
5 2 3
10      10.  Solve:—
3a;-rl-ly = 2«-l
y + z = 3-i-a.
z+2x = i\y.
10      11. Find the highest common factor of a;3 - 7a;2 + 14a: - 8 and x3 - 6x2 - x + 6, and
x3 _ >]x2 + l4a. _Q
reduce —. to its lowest terms.
a.3 - 6a:2 - x + 6
10 12. Gold loses — of its weight and silver loses ttjj of its weight when weighed in
water. Find the amount of each metal in a mass of gold and silver which
weighs 10.8 ounces in air and 9.9 ounces in water.
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Write answer on dotted line at end of question.    Work need not be shown.]
3       1.  (o.)  An agent charged $63 for collecting debts of $2,520.    Find his rate of commission	
3             (&•)  Give the formula for finding the area of a triangle, the lengths of the three sides
being given	
3 ic.) Express in its simplest form the ratio of .001 km. to 50 mm	
3             (d.) How many board-feet are there in a board 18 ft. long, 10 in. wide at the narrow
end and 14 in. at the other, and % in. thick	
3 (e.) What is  the price of stock when 3y2%  stock pays  5%  on  the investment?
3 (/.)   .000084 cu. m. is what per cent, of 24 cu. cm.?	
3 iff.)  .035 is % of what?	
3             (ft.)  The interest on a sum of money in 3 yrs. 6 mos. is */& of the sum.    Find the
rate per cent	
3             it.) Name the unit of capacity of the metric system of liquid measure and give its
3 (/.)  Find a mean proportional between 9 and 144	
[The work for this part of the paper must be •shown in the space below the question.
If you cannot complete a question, work as much of it as you can.]
10 2. A retailer sold a wagon for $131.25 at a gain of 25%. The wholesaler from whom he
bought realized a gain of 20%, and the manufacturer from whom the wholesaler
bought gained 16%%.   What did it cost the manufacturer?
10 3. The outer diameter of an iron pipe 7 ft. long is 14 in. and the iron is 2 in. thick.
How many cubic feet of iron are there in the pipe?
10 4. Two ships leave the same port at the same time. One travels due north at the rate
of 18 miles per hour and the other due east at the rate of 13.5 miles per hour.
How far are they apart "at the end of 6 hours? Value.
10       5. A person invests $6,825 in a 3-per-cent. stock at 91.    He sells out $5,000 stock when
it has risen to 93y2 and the remainder when it has fallen to 85.    He invests the
proceeds in 4yj-per-cent. stock at par.    What is the difference in his income?
(No allowance for brokerage.)
10 6. A house and lot cost $4,500, the value of the house being $3,600. The house is insured
for % of its value at %%, and repairs for the year cost $40. The property is
assessed for 66%% of its value, and the tax rate is 18 mills. What rent per
annum must be received in order to realize 5% on the investment?
10 7. Two settlers own adjoining farms of 3,000 and 5,000 acres respectively. They unite
their farms, taking at the same time an additional partner who pays them $24,000,
on the understanding that y3 of the land shall in future belong to each of the
three partners.    How is the $24,000 to be divided between the original owners?
10 8- On March 4th a merchant received notice of a draft for $1,968 which he must pay at
once. His bank agreed to furnish the money on receipt of his note drawn for
70 days, discounted at 8% per annum.
(a.) For what amount must he draw up the note?
(B.) On what date does the note fall due?
(c.) What yearly rate of interest will the bank make on its loan?
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.]
1. Describe the fruits of a plant belonging to each of the families, Ranunculacese, Cruciferse,
Leguminosse.    Compare their structures and follow the origin of each from the parts of
the flower.
2. Classify fruits according to their methods of dehiscence and methods of distribution, giving
at least one example of each class.
3. Describe the flower of a plant which is insect-pollinated and show how the structure of the
flower is related to pollen distribution.
4. Name three plants which grow in bogs and three which grow on rocky slopes.    In what
respects does each habitat present unusual conditions of life, and in what ways do the
plants named relate themselves to these unusual conditions?
5. Of what use is water to plants?    How do land plants obtain water, and what becomes of the
water which they absorb?
Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
6       1,  (a.)  State the Law of Definite Proportions and the law of Multiple Proportions.
6 (B.)   Sulphur dioxide is 50 per cent, sulphur and 50 per cent, oxygen by weight.
Sulphur trioxide is 40 per cent, sulphur and 60 per cent, oxygen by weight.
Show how these facts illustrate each of the above laws.
10       2.  (a.)  Name five types of chemical reaction.    Give an equation illustrating each type.
5 (B.) Write out a definition of each of the following technical terms as used in
chemistry:   element, compound, catalyst, melting-point, absolute zero.
3 (c.) Write formulae for the following:  magnesium oxide, aluminium chloride, silver
nitrate. PART HI.—APPENDICES. Q 159
10   3.  (a.)  Complete and balance the following equations.    Name the substances formed in
each case.
(a.) KOH + HCl=
(B.)  NaOH + H,S04=
(c) Ca(OH)2+H,S04=
(d.) Ba(OH)2+HN03=
'(e.) A1(0H)3+HC1=
5 (B.) The atomic weight of a certain metal is 52.   By experiment it is found that
26 grams of this metal replace 1 gram of hydrogen from hydrochloric acid.
What is the valence of the metal in this displacement?
6 4.  ia.) Describe a laboratory method for the preparation of carbon dioxide.    Illustrate
with a diagram.
2 (B.) Write an equation for this reaction.
4 (c.) How could you distinguish between carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide?
6       5.  (a.) What are the characteristic properties of water solutions of  (1)  acids,   (2)
bases ?
4 (B.)  Write the equation for the neutralization of sodium hydroxide by hydrochloric
acid.    Name the substances formed.
6 (c.)  State the Law of Conservation of Matter.   Describe briefly an experiment which
illustrates it.
4       6. (a.) How many grams of hydrogen can be prepared by treating 13 grams of zinc
with an excess of hydrochloric acid?
4 (B.) What volume will the mass of dry hydrogen occupy at 27° C. and 700 mm.
Atomic weights:   Zn = 65;   H = l.
One litre of hydrogen at N.T.P. weighs 0.09 grams.
6 (c.)  Describe, with diagram and equation, the reduction of copper oxide by hydrogen.
4 7.  (a.) Why do we consider air to be a mixture and not a compound?
5 (B.) Name five normal components of the air.
4 ic.)  Name four of the chief factors in the air which affect human comfort.
English Composition.     (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1. Write sentences that illustrate clearly the difference in meaning between:—
(a.) Principal and principle.
(B.)  Luxurious and luxuriant.
(o.)  Awful and disagreeable.
(d.)  Pretty and handsome.
(e.) Famous and notorious.
5       2. Punctuate the following and introduce capitals where necessary:—
when you've shouted rule britannia
when you've sung god save the queen
when you've finished killing Kruger with your mouth
will you kindly drop a penny in my little tambourine
for a gentleman in khaki ordered south
10       3. If the following sentences are incorrect either in wording or arrangement, rewrite
them in correct form :—■ Q 160 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(a.) You cannot do this without I help you.
(B.) We know the culprit to be he.
(e.) A horse stood at the door having a beautiful mane and tail.
(d.) Every pupil should bring their own book.
(e.) He does not dress like I do.
75       4. Write a composition of from two to three hundred words on one of the following
(a.) The death of Caesar—an account by an eye witness.    (Julius Caesar.)
(b.) The quarrel between Oberon and Titania.    (A Midsummer Night's Dream.)
(c.) Mediaeval superstitions  (based on Quentin Durward).
(d.) The future of aviation in Canada.
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will write on Section A, Part I. or Part II.;  and on Section B;
and on any one section from Sections C, D, and E.]
Section A.
Part I. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part I.
15        1. Explain any three of the following quotations, giving the name and author of the
poem from which each is taken:—
(a.) ....    our grandsire great
Claiming the regal seat
By many a warlike feat
Lopped the French lilies.
(B.) Did the steady phalanx falter?   To the rescue at the need,
The clown was ploughing Persia, clearing Greek earth of weed,
(c.)      So thou must eat of the white Queen's meat and all her foes are thine,
And thou must harry thy father's hold for the peace of the Border-line.
(d.) They've no locks
To click against the teeth
Of weasel and fox.
(e.)      When the wind goes through the poplars and blows them silver-white
The wonder of the universe is flashed before my sight.
(/.) Even the busy woodpecker
Made stiller by her sound
The inviolable quietness.
15       2. Explain the meaning of any three of the following titles as revealed in the poems to
which they are attached:—
(a.)  The Palace of Pan.
(B.)  Le Roi est Mort.
(c.) Choristers.
(d.) Circe.
10       3. By what poetic touches does Shelley heighten the force of the lesson contained in
Part II. A Selection of English Poetry, Book I., Part II.
15       1- Explain any three of the following quotations, giving the name and author of the
poem from which each is taken:— PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 161
(a.)        Full on this casement shone the wintry moon,
And threw warm gules on Madeline's fair breast.
(B.) Vain transitory splendours!    Could not all
Reprieve the tottering mansion from its fall!
Obscure it sinks, nor shall it more impart
An hour's importance to the poor man's heart.
(c.) Keen as are the arrows
Of that silver sphere
Whose intense lamp narrows
In the white dawn clear.
(d.) ...    riches that serve for nothing
But to fetter a friend for a slave,
(e.) Pines shall thy pillars be,
Fairer than those Sidonian cedars brought
By Hiram out of Tyre.
(/.) Under a rainbow's jeweled arch,
No foe can find a lodgement there.
15-       2. Explain the significance of any three of the following titles as revealed in the poems
to which they are attached:—
(a.) The Haunted Palace.
(B.)  The Day is Coming.
(c.) The New Jerusalem.
(d.) A Threnody.
10       3. What interesting association of ideas is found in the poem The Ice Cart?
Section B.    English Prose Selections, Part II.
15       1, Write briefly on any one of the following topics :—
(a.)  Conference maketh a ready man.    (Of Studies.)
(b.) The old man died in 1689 and was buried in the year 1709.    (The Dead to
(c.) The visit to Miss Feeble.    (On the Art of Growing Old.)
(d.) Addison's views on women in politics.    (Party Patches.)
(e.) The woman who apes the man.    (Woman on Horseback.)
15       2. Write briefly on any one of the following:—
(a.)  The grammar of boys' natures.     (The Good Schoolmaster.)
(b.) The advantage of the cabinet system of government as it exists in Britain.
(The American and British Constitutions—A Contrast.)
(c.)  Johnson's opinion of patronage.    (Letter to the Earl of Chesterfield.)
15 Write a paragraph on one of the following:—
(a.) The relation between Mrs. Veal and Mrs. Bar grave prior to the death of the
former.    (The Apparition of Mrs. Veal.)
(b.) The Second Stranger.    (The Three Strangers.)
Section C.   Julius Caesar.
10       1- Explain the following quotations and name the speaker in each case:—
(a.) Why, man, he doth bestride this narrow world like a Colossus.
(B.) Is Brutus sick? and is it physical
To walk unbraced and suck up the humours
Of the dank morning?
ll Q 162 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(c.)        Here wast thou bayed, brave hart,
Here didst thou fall, and here thy hunters stand.
(d.) ....    you yourself
Are much condemned to have an itching palm.
10       2. By what arguments is Caesar persuaded to change his decision not to go to the
Senate House?
10       3. Describe in a paragraph one of the following:—
(a.) The mob scene in the first act.
(B.)  The portents which preceded Caesar's death,
(c.) The death of Brutus.
Section D.    A Midsummer Night's Dream.
10       1. Describe the part taken by the fairy, Puck, in the play.
10       2. Write a paragraph on the character of Bottom the weaver.
10       3. " Ostensibly the scene of the play is in ancient Athens; in reality it is in the England
of Shakespeare's day."
Illustrate the truth of this statement by reference to the play.
Section E.    Quentin Durward.
10       !• Describe the meeting of Quentin Durward with Maitre Pierre.
20       2. Write a paragraph on each of the following topics :—
(a.) The appearance and character of William de la Marck.
(B.)  Hayraddin Maugrabin's account of himself.
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
5       1. Answer the following questions in French in complete sentences:—
(1.) A quelle heure vous etes-vous leve ce matin?
(2.)  A quelle heure vous couchez-vous generalement?
(3.)  Qu'est-ce qu'une librairie?
(4.)  Qu'est-ce qu'on fait dans une cuisine?
(5.)  Quel oiseau chante le mieux?
12       2.  (a.) Complete in French :—
(1.)  Une hirondelle est un	
(2.) Le grenier est au-dessous du	
(3.)  La couturiere fait des	
(4.)  On achSte du sei et du poivre chez	
(5.) Le batit des maisons en bois.
(6.) Le preche (preaches) dans une eglise catholique.
(7.) Le premier Janvier s'appelle	
(8.)  La modiste fait des	
(9.)  Mon ami patine (mat or mauvais)	
(10.)  Nos patins sont (mieux or m.eilleurs) que les
(B.)  Give another word in French of the same family as the following [example:
matin: matinee]:—
(1.) ecrire  	
(2.) le jour	 PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 163
(3.) la chasse
(4.)  l'oreille   ..
15       3.  (a.) Rewrite the following sentences, using the verb in the tense required:—
(1.)  Henri vient chez nous (future).
(2.)  Les soeurs vont en ville (past indefinite).
(3.)  Jean va a la maison (future).
(4.)  Nous nous asseyons ici (past indefinite).
(5.)  Vous Ctes de bonne heure (imperative).
(6.)  II pleut a verse (imperfect).
(7.)  Nous repondons a la lettre (past indefinite).
(8.)  Elle remplit son verre (imperfect).
(9.)  Nous avons du the (imperative).
(10.)  II neige tr6s fort (imperfect).
(B.)  Use the proper form of the past participle to complete these sentences:—
(1.)  Quelles boites avez-vous   (ouvrir) ?
(2.)  Les enfants se sont  (baigner)	
(3.)  Je leur ai (envoyer) les fraises.
(4.)  Les legons, que nous avons   (apprendre) '.	
sont faciles.
(5.)  II a  (pleuvoir) a, verse.
20       4.  (a.) Use pronouns instead of the nouns in italics:—
(1.)  II est sorti de la maison.
(2.)  Pouvez-vous voir le professeur?
(3.)  Donnez-moi le journal.
(4.)  Ne me montrez pas le chapeau.
(5.)  Voila deux oeufs.
(6.) N'avez-vous pas pris les couteaux?
(7.)  Nous avons apporte le livre aux enfants.
(8.)  Nous avons laissiS des cartes dans le salon.
(9.)  Vous etes a cfite de Jean.
(10.)  Le professeur est plus grand que les garcons.
(b.)  Use relative pronouns to complete the following:—
(1.)  La cuisinifire,  vous avez vue, prepare le diner.
(2.)  Voici les legumes elle a parle.
(3.)  La bonne, a elle repond, est petite.
(4.)  Voyez-vous le four   (oven)   dans elle met la
(c.)  Use interrogative pronouns in the following:—
(1.)   (What) est dans le four?
(2.) Avec   (what) prepare-t-elle son dessert?
(d.)  Use demonstrative pronouns in the following:—■
(1.)  Ces gateaux-ei sont bons mais sont tout noirs.
(2.) Regardez ces assiettes;    est tres jolie.
(3.)  Le tablier de la bonne est blanc, mais de la
cuisiniere est rose.
(4.)  Cette fourchette et qui est sur la table sont
propres. Q 164 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
20       5. Translate into French :—■
(1.) These shoes are very cheap.
(2.) Are you going to Seattle by train or boat?
(3.) We have been swimming for fifteen minutes.
(4.) My bed-room is fifteen feet long by twelve feet wide.
(5.) You are boiling some eggs.
(6.) The butcher uses a long knife to cut the meat.
(7.) In the meantime we have Latin four times a week.
(8.) No one has come and there is nothing (a) to do.
(9.) The pupils came in running.
(10.) This aeroplane goes three hundred and sixty miles an hour.
8        6. Read very carefully the passage below and answer the questions  at the end in
Dans une rue tres etroite od il etait impossible 3, deux voitures de passer a la fois,
un Quaker assis dans sa voiture a rencontre un individu obstine dans une
charrette (cart).    Le Quaker lui a demande doucement de faire reculer son
cheval jusqu'au bout de la rue.    Mais l'homme a declare qu'il ne le ferait
pas.    Au bout d'une heure de discussion l'homme dans la charrette a pris un
journal et a commenc6 fl, le lire attentivement.    " Mon ami," dit le Quaker,
" quand tu auras fini ton journal veux-tu me le prefer  (lend)?"    L'autre
s'est vu vaincu et, sans lien dire, il a fait reculer son cheval.
(1.)  Describe in a sentence the street mentioned above.
(2.)  What two persons enter into the story?
(3.)  What did the Quaker ask and how?
(4.) What was the answer?
(5.)  How long did the two argue?
(6.)  What means did one of them take to show his determination?
>,       (7.)  Translate the words of the Quaker beginning:   " Mon ami    .    .    ."
(8.)  What was the result of his speech?
20       7. Write a composition in French (about seventy-five words)  describing your school.
Paragraph I.:  Large or small;   made of brick  (brique f.)  or wood;   number of
stories ;   number of rooms;   number of teachers and students.
Paragraph II.:  Subjects you study;   those you prefer.
Paragraph III.: At noon ;  lunch;   a game.
Paragraph IV.: Conclusion: My school is a good school; I am learning much
that is useful and I work hard (fort), for I know that there's no royal road
to learning (on n'a rien sans peine).
Geometry.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
[Candidates will take the first eight questions and one part of the ninth.]
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams; iise printed capitals.   Authorities may be cited by
number or enunciation.]
4        1. Express in degrees the angle between East and North-ivest.
When are triangles  (or other geometrical figures)   said to be similar, congruent,
12       2. Construct a A ABC having BC = 2 in., / A = 60°, / B=45°.    Show all construction
lines, and explain clearly your various steps.    A proof is not required. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 165
12       3. ABCD   and  EFGH   are  two   quadrilaterals   having  AB = EF,   BC = FG,   CD = GH,
DA=HE, and / ADC=/ EHG.    Prove that these two quadrilaterals are equal.
12       4. Show how to construct a right-angled triangle when given the length of the hypotenuse and that of one side.
12 5. In the accompanying diagram ABCD is a parallelogram having BP = DQ, AS = CR. Prove A PRX =
12 6. Prove that if the square on one side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares
on the other two sides, then the angle contained by these two sides is a right
12 7. Of all straight lines that can be drawn to a given line from a point outside it the
perpendicular is the shortest.    Prove that this statement is true.
12 8. What is the locus of a point which moves within a triangle ABC but which is always
equidistant from the two sides AB and AC? Prove the correctness of your
12 9. P is a point lying within the triangle AOB. Draw a straight line through P terminated by OA and OB and bisected at P. v
In the accompanying figure AB and AC are the equal sides
of an isosceles triangle; QR intersects the base BC in
P so that QP=PR.    Prove QB = RC.
Or .-
In an obtuse-angled triangle, the square on the side opposite the obtuse angle is equal
- to the sum of the squares on the other two sides increased by twice the rectangle
contained by one of those sides and the projection on it of the other.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer any five questions, at least two from each part.]
Part A.
20       !•  (<*•)  Narrate concisely the struggle between the Patricians and Plebeians on the
following occasions:   (1) the "General Strike";   (2) the Licinian Laws.
(B.)  Give some account of Roman Society at its best.
20       2.  (a.)  Show how Julius Caesar was " the champion of the oppressed provincial world."
(B.)  Write briefly on (1) Marcus Aurelius,  (2) Diocletian.
(e.) Describe briefly the condition of the Middle Class, and of the Peasantry in the
later Roman Empire. Q 166 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
20       3.  (a.) Why did the Christian Church succeed in the days of the later Roman Empire?
(B.) Name the important movements effected by Charlemagne.
20       4.  (a.) Briefly describe the relation between the king and the barons in Feudal times.
(B.)  Tell briefly how the peasants lived at this period.
20       5-  (<*•)  Contrast the Renaissance period with the "Middle Ages."
(B.)  What were the characteristics of the Renaissance as it appeared in Italy?
Part B.
20       I-  (**•) What were the causes of discontent in (1) Upper Canada, (2) Lower Canada,
(3) the Maritime Provinces, which led to the movement for reform?
(B.)  Write a brief note on the work of Lord Elgin.
20 2. Indicate briefly the part played in the development of Canada by the following:
(1) Captain Vancouver; (2) The Northwest Company; (3) Lord Selkirk; (4)
Sir James Douglas.
20 3- Give some idea of the general progress in Canada between 1840 and 1867, using four
of the following topics: population, agriculture, fisheries, industries, transportation, education, and standards of living.
20 4. Indicate Canada's place among the nations: (1) in the Empire—her political status
in relation to England and to the other dominions;   (2) in the League of Nations.
20       5.  (a.) Write a note on the San Juan dispute between the United States and Canada.
(B.) Write short notes on:   (1) one Canadian poet;   (2) one Canadian painter.
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       I- Write the second singular present indicative of progredior	
first singular future indicative active of capio	
third person plural present subjunctive of nolo	
third person singular present indicative of malo	
second person singular imperfect subjunctive active of fero..
third singular perfect indicative active of pono	
first person plural present subjunctive of fio	
second person plural imperfect subjunctive of venio	
third person plural pluperfect subjunctive active of mitto....
first person plural present subjunctive of eo	
5       2. Write the genitive singular of hie dies	
dative singular of alius exercitus	
ablative singular of Me portus	
ablative plural of ilia filia	
accusative plural of flumen ingens	
10       3. Put into Latin :—
(a.) He returned to Athens.
(B.) He comes from Rome,
(c.) I spare the slave.
(d.) He reigns with great glory,
(e.) He will reign with wisdom.
(/.)  Of his own accord. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 167
(g.) They took to flight.
(h.) The middle of the island.
(i.) The foot of the mountain.
(j.) All of us.
4. Put into Latin:—
1 (a.) If we defend our liberty the state will be safe.
1 (B.) The camp will have to be fortified.
1 (c.)  Caesar knows where the soldiers have been.
1 (d.) They told Caesar how large Britain was.
1 (e.)  While this vtas happening, Suetonius returned.
1 (/.) They had fled lest they should be seen.
1 (g.) He orders the soldiers to advance.
1 (h.)  I am afraid that he may come.
%y2 (i.) He was killed by the soldier whom he had obeyed.
!■% (j.) Our men were so brave that the enemy did not fight.
\}/2 (fc-)  After disbanding his soldiers he returned to Rome.
1^2 it-) How many miles from the river Thames did they pitch camp?
2 (w.) The next day at dawn the Romans were defeated by the enemy by a
2 in.) Although they are no match for the Romans, yet they are unwilling to make
2 (<?•) Tbe Britons attacked the town before stronger forces could arrive.
10       5. From the word:—■
(a.) vir is formed the Latin derivative	
(B.) civis is formed the Latin derivative 	
(c.)  tristis is formed the Latin derivative 	
(d.) legio is formed the Latin derivative 	
(e.)  honor is formed the Latin derivative	
(/.) scelus is formed the Latin derivative 	
(g.) urbs is formed the Latin derivative 	
(ft.) magnus is formed the Latin derivative 	
(i.) utor is formed the Latin derivative 	
(/.) aro is formed the Latin derivative 	
3 6. Put in brackets to the right the number of the word or phrase which best or most
correctly completes the sense of the following sentences:—
(a.) The chief minister of Augustus was
(1) Virgil       (2) Caligula        (3) Maecenas       (4) Cicero        (        )
(B.) " Caesar " was made the official title of the Roman emperors by
(1) Vespasian     (2) Tiberius     (3) Augustus     (4) Domitian    (        )
(c.) In the first five years of his reign Nero received wise guidance from
(1) Poppaea      (2) Petronius      (3)  Seneca      (4)  Tigellinus    (        ) Q 168 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(d.) Hannibal defeated Varro at the battle of
(1) Zama        (2) Cannae        (3) Carrhae        (4) Trebia (        )
(e.)  Caesar overcame Pompey in battle at
(1)  Saguntum      (2)  Pharsalia      (3)  Rubicon       (4) Actium    (        )
(/.) The Ides of March was the
(1)  first of the month    (2) fifth    (3) thirteenth    (4) fifteenth  (        )
[Note.—Do not translate the following extract, but read it through carefully and then
answer in English the questions which follow.]
7. Gnaeus   Julius   Agricola   inilitavit  primum  in   Britannia   cum   Suetonio   Paulino.
Juvenis erat magnae virtutis, magni animi, cupidus imperii, peritissimus armorum.
Revocatus a Britannia consul factus est et statiin post consulatum ut provinciam
administraret a Vespasiano remissus est. Adventu ejus Ordovices arbitrati eum,
inita hieme, bellum non illaturum esse, armis captis, alam equitum Romanorum
trucidaverunt. Hie tamen itinere septuaginta milium passuum tribus diebus
facto exercitum ad summum montem ubi hostes constiterant duxit eosque magna
caede vicit. Deinde tota fere gente deleta Monam contendit ut insulam subjiceret.
Quod opus inceperat Suetonius sed conficere non potuerat, magno Icenorum motu
His rebus gestis, cum crederet magis valere clementiam quam arma, operam dedit ut
Britanni imperium Romanum ferre vellent. Nam hortabatur ut templa, fora,
balneas, domos aedificarent.    Principibus persuasit ut litteris Romanis studerent
» et lingua Latina uterentur. Denique Britanni spe melioris fortunae sublata
quiescebant. Paucis annis ad Clotam et Bodotriam progressus est quas firmis
praesidiis munivit. Volebat autem in Hiberniam transire sed, cum Domitianus
satis copiarum et navium mittere nollet, hoc consilium abjecit. Eodem fere
tempore Caledonii, qui in extremis partibus insulae habitabant, territi victoriis
Romanorum, quam maximas copias coegerunt et contra Agricolam contenderunt.
Hie, numero militum inferior, ne circumveniretur exercitum in tres partes divisit.
Nocte hostes castra unius partis oppugnaverunt sed prima luce reliquae Romanorum copiae eos a tergo tarn acriter adorti sunt ut non diu morarentur sed se in
fugam darent.    Post id factum habuit Agricola quietissimam Britanniam.
4 (1.)   (a.) virtutis—account for case	
(B.) tribus diebus—account for case	
(c.) Monam-—account for case	
(ti.) crederet—account for mood	
(e.) principibus—account for case	
(f.) litteris—account for case 	
(g.)  copiarum—account for case	
(7i.) victoriis—account for case	
2 (2.)  Describe the character of the young Agricola.
2 (3.) What error in judgment was made by the Ordovices?
3 (4.)  How did they pay for this error in judgment?
1 (5.)  Suetonius had not been able to complete the subjugation of the island of
Mona.    Why not?
4 (6.) What measures did Agricola take to Romanize Britain?
1 (7.)  Why did he not extend his military operations to Ireland?
4 (8.) What tactics  did he employ to  deceive the hostile  Caledonians?   What
success did these tactics have?
8. Translate into English :—■
3 (a.) Post Anci mortem populus Romanus Tarquinium Priscum regnare jussit.
Hie bellum cum Latinis gessit Sabinosque vicit. Value.
4 (B.)  Post regem  expulsum  duo consules  a populo Romano creati sunt.    Turn
primum  liber  erat  populus  Romanus:    turn   primum  imperia  legum
erant potentlora quam hominum.
5 (c.)  Porsena primo impetu repulsus in piano ripisque Tiberis quam celerrime
castra posuit.    Navibus undique coactis suos trans flumen  praedae
causa mittere poterat.
6 (d.)  Commisso proelio Romani primum tela procul conjecerunt, deinde impetu
facto hostes passim in fugam dederunt quamquam Boudicea summis
viribus nitebatur ne sui pellerentur.
3 9. Quote three lines of Latin poetry which you have memorized, or a Latin selection of
over twenty words taken from one of the Biblical selections found in " Latin for
Young Canadians."
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.]
1. (a.) Define the following terms:  Mass, density, specific gravity.
(B.)  Find in kilograms the weight of a solid cylinder 4 metres long, 3.5 metres in diameter,
and having a specific gravity of 3.    (1 cubic centimetre of water weighs 1 gram.)
(c.)  Why is woollen clothing warmer than cotton clothing?    Explain fully.
2. (a.) Make a diagram showing the essential parts of a mercury barometer.    With reference
to your diagram, explain how the barometer measures atmospheric pressure.
(B.)  An inclined plane is 14 feet long and 5 feet high.    Neglecting friction, what force acting
parallel to the plane will just support a weight of 350 pounds on the incline?
(c.) Will a solid sphere hold a larger charge of electricity than a hollow sphere of the same
diameter?   How would you demonstrate the truth of your answer?
3. (a.)  State Pascal's Law.
(B.) A solid weighs 330 grams in air, 315 grams in water, and 303 grams in sulphuric acid.
Find the density of the solid and also the density of the acid. How much would
the solid weigh if immersed in a liquid of specific gravity 1.2?
4. (a.)  Show how to establish experimentally the first law of reflection.
(B.) Find the resulting temperature when 240 grams of a metal of specific heat 0.113, at
90° C, are placed in 160 grams of oil of specific heat 0.6, at i20° C.
5. (a.) Define the following terms:  Temperature, calorie, specific heat, convection currents.
(B.)  A knitting-needle is carefully balanced so that it hangs horizontally when suspended
from a single thread.    The needle is then magnetized without disturbing the thread.
Describe and explain how the needle behaves when again suspended,
(c.)  How would the particular location in which the above experiment was carried out affect
the  result?     Illustrate  with   three  widely   separated  localities,   such   as  British
Columbia, Nova Scotia, and South America.
6. (a.)  Show how a gold-leaf electroscope may be charged negatively by using a positively
charged body.    Illustrate your answer with diagrams.
(B.)  Make a neat diagram of a set of pulleys having a mechanical advantage of four.
(c.) Make a drawing of a voltaic cell on closed circuit.   Label all parts and show by means
of arrows the direction of the current. Q 170 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Grade XI., Junior Matriculation and Normal Entrance.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will ansvjer question 1 and any six of the remainder.]
10       1. Enumerate the main types of soil and state briefly their chief characteristics.
15 2. Illustrate by short statements and examples how we can favour the growth and
activity of useful bacteria in the soil.
15 3. For a six-year rotation of: (1) grain, (2) clovers and grasses, (3) clovers and
grasses, (4) hoed crops, (5) grain, and (6) soiling-crops, you can afford to apply
28 tons of stable manure per acre. To what crops and in what quantities would
you distribute this amount?
15 4. How would you prepare and trefit the soil in a garden under conditions where cost
is of only minor importance?
15 5. Draw a sketch for the planting of the grounds around the home or the school in your
own district and suggest trees and shrubs suitable for this purpose.
15 6. Discuss the comparative value of alfalfa and red clover as a field crop in your own
15 7. Describe the type of soil you would choose for strawberries, and discuss varieties,
planting, care, and harvesting of this small fruit.
15 S. State and describe your choice of dairy cattle and the methods you would follow to
secure high and economic milk production.
15 9. Compare dry-farming and farming in humid districts and point out the main differ
ences in management.
Algebra.    (Time, 2% hours.)
10 1. («.) Factor:—
(1.) ab-by-ay + y*-
(2.) x3 -f 8y3 - 2xy(x + 2y).
(3.) a,4 + 9a,y + 81j,4.
(b.) Find the H.C.F. of b3x - atfx - 6a?bx and ab"-x2 - Wbx*- + 3a3aA
10 2.  Simplify:—
,  • 1 1 1
(a.)  +	
(x-y)(y-z)    (z-y)(z-x)    (y-x)(x-z)
ar-2 + 2/2
«  S- - x
(b.)-JL y-tzt.
V   ;       11. x3 + y3
y    x
10 3.  (a.) In the formula P= WL + vl + w0 soive for /.
(b.) Given TT=4.25, L = 3M, v= -2.034, w=.034, # = 32, P = 5.73, ,1 = 2.46,
find I to two places of decimals,
(c.) Does I increase when v increases?    Give the reason for your answer.
16 4.  (a.) A man has two sums of money at interest, the first at 4% and the second at
4|%. The yield from the first is half" as much as the yield from the
second. If the amounts were interchiinged the income would he $1,045.
Find the amount invested at each rate of interest. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 171
(b.) Two motorists start at the same time from points 130 miles apart and travel
towards each other. The speed of one motorist is 30 miles per hour,
while the speed of the other in miles per hour is 33 more than the
number of hours before they meet. How long after starting will it be
until they meet and how far will each have travelled 1
15 5.  (a.) Solve:—
8    4    _
- 4- - = 5.
x    y
y   *
£ + 9 = 4.
X     z
(b.) Solve : x - 3y = 1, x2 - 2xy + 9y2 = 17.
(c.) Solve :  3a;2 + 2a; - 7 = 0, correct to two places of decimals.
12 6.  (a.) Find in simplified form the meiin proportional between
r      i-     ,        9
n/3 - \/2 and —1= r-
X3+    rJ-A
(b.) Two positive numbers are in the ratio 2:1. If each is increased by 3 the
sum of their squares is 306.    Find the numbers.
15 7.  (a.) Find the square root of 11 - J120.
(b.) Divide ,%•"  +y~   by x"3 + y~s.
(c.) Simplify :—
12 8.  (a.) Plot on the same set of co-ordinate axes the graphs of
y = a;2 + 2a; and y = x2+2x+ 2.
(b.)  How does the addition of a positive constant to a function change its graph?
(c.)  What is the minimum value of y in y = a.2 + 2x + 2 ?
(d.) Solve (i) graphically, (ii) algebraically, y = a;2 + 2a; + 2 and 2x + y=2.
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.]
1. Give at least one example of plants which reproduce by means of  (1)  runners,  (2)  tubers,
and (3)  bulbs.    Describe the structure of the reproductive portion of the plant in each
case and show how food is provided for the early growth of the young plant.
2. Describe the process of photosynthesis.    What part in the process is taken by chlorophyll?
Describe an experiment to determine the importance of light in the process.
3. Describe the flower of a plant belonging to one of the families:   LeguminosEe, Cruciferas.
Give the floral formula and construct a floral diagram.   Describe the seed and fruit and
show how each part of the latter originates.
4. Name five cone-bearing forest trees which grow in British Columbia.    To what genus does
each belong?    Compare the leaves and cones.    Under what conditions does each tree grow
best, and in what part of the Province is it found?
5. Compare an alga and a fungus under the following headings:   (a) habitat or general con
ditions of life;   (B) structure;   (c) method of procuring food;   (d) method of reproduction;   (e) economic importance.    Give specific examples. Q 172 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Chemistry.    (Time, 2y2 hours.")
[Candidates will answer all of Section A and any three questions from Section B.
Atomic weights are given at the end of the paper.]
Section A.
14       1.  ia--)  Closed, circulating, hot-water systems for heating houses sometimes are troubled
with a combustible gas collecting in the iron radiators.    What is this gas,
and how do you account for its formation?
(B.)  Why do we consider there is such a compound as carbonic acid when it has
never been obtained?    Is carbon dioxide a poisonous gas?    Explain.
14       2.  (a.)  Why cannot pure hydrogen iodide be prepared by the action of sulphuric acid
on an iodide?
(B.)  Why does concentrated nitric acid not release hydrogen when acted on by zinc
or iron?
12 3. What great Canadian industries require large quantities of caustic soda (NaOH) ?
How is this soda produced?
12 4. State the Law of Concentration or Mass Action. Give applications of the usefulness
of this law in chemistry.    What effect do you think increase of pressure would
have on the equilibrium: N„+3H:-5.2NH3?
12       5.  (a.) Define  (1) atomic weight,  (2) absolute zero,  (3)  double salt.
(B.)  What is (1) alundum,  (2)  "hypo,"  (3)  neon?
Section B.
12 6. Distinguish between hydrocarbons and carbohydrates. What carbohydrates do you
know and where do they occur? How is glucose usually made? Is the sugar
extracted from beets and from sugar-cane the same?
12 7. What is there in milk that gives it the reputation of being a satisfactory food?
What is an enzyme? Where are enzymes usually found? Give any reaction, you
know, that is affected by the presence of an enzyme.
12 8. Give a brief description of two methods for making steel from wrought iron or pure
pig-iron.    Name three special steels and give their chief uses.
12 9. Write a short account of: (a) the Haber Process for making ammonia; (B) the
commercial production of aluminium;   (c) the production of potassium nitrate.
12 10. 50 cc. of a 5-per-cent. solution of ammonium hydroxide, specific gravity 0.98, was
mixed with 50 cc. of a 5-per-cent. solution of hydrochloric acid, specific gravity
1.025. (Both percentages by weight.) Which of the two reagents was completely
neutralized? What weight of the residual reagent remained? What weight of
water was formed?
12 11. A gas-stove used in heating a room burns 10 cubic feet of gas per hour. Supposing
that the gas is pure methane, what volume of oxygen is withdrawn each hour
from the air in the room?    What volume of carbon dioxide is given off?
12      12. A given volume of oxygen standing over water at 20° C. and 745 mm. measures 10
litres.   What  would  be its  volume  under  standard  conditions?   What  is  its
weight?   The vapour tension of water at 20° is 17.5 mm. of Hg.
Atomic weights:   N = 14, Cl = 35.5. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 173
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates are reminded that they are expected to spell and punctuate correctly. They are
therefore urged to leave some few minutes free for a revision- of their papers. They are
also reminded that they cannot expect marks for paragraphs and essays that are not well
organized and well worked out. They are therefore urged to plan their compositions before
they begin to write. The plan of the essay in question 2 should be written in the examination
book as part of the answer.]
20       !• Explain,  with examples, what is meant by  the following principles  of  sentence-
structure :—
(a.) Balance or parallel structure.
(B.) Proper reference of pronouns,
(c.) Order of climax.
(d.) Unity of thought in a compound sentence.
80 2. Write a composition, which need not be longer than 300 or 400 words, on one of the
subjects named below. Your plan, written in proper form, must accompany the
(a.) The causes that made Silas a miser.
(B.)  The life and works of Modestine.
(c.)  Unfitness and fitness for office as combined in Lincoln.
(d.)  Points of difference between As You Like It and The Merchant of Venice
as plays.
(e.) A character-sketch of Lynette.
(/.)  The character of Elizabeth as outlined in Kcnilworth.
(g.)  The value of athletics to a high-school student.
English Literature.     (Time, 2% hours.)
[Candidates will icrite on Parts A and D, and on either Part B or Part C]
Part A.
16 1. Of the poets whose work you have studied in A Selection of English Poetry, which
do you prefer? State a definite reason for your preference. Write a brief essay
(a page or so) outlining and illustrating, by quotation or exact references, three
qualities of this poet's style or thought.
12 2. Make clear, by definition or any other way you choose, what you understand by
" metre." Illustrate two different kinds of metre by quoting and analysing two
brief passages of verse.
12 3. Name poems from A Selection of English Poetry that illustrate any eight of the
following themes:—
(a.)  Giving up the struggle.
(b.) The old generation of poets speaking to the new.
(c.)  A symbol of the daring of the human mind.
(d.)  Rank does not make the man.
(e.) The great age of the world.
(/.)  A hope that was doomed to disappointment.
(g.) A humble creature's pride.
(h.) A change in a poet's view of life.
(i.) Desire for death. Q 174 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(j.) The longing for home.
(k.) The elements that make up man's nature.
(I.) The missing of a " chance with one of the lords of life."
(m.) A "harmonious hymn of being."
(n.) The longing for a controlled life.
io.) Things do not change much.
ip.) The magical effect of love.
(q.) The cry of an untamed soul.
(r.) A man who was a great failure.
(s.) The contrast of new and old.
(t.) A man who would not be saved alone.
Part B.
[Ansiver any three of the four questions.]
14       1. " And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,
The instruments of darkness tell us truths,
Win us with honest trifles, to betray us
In deepest consequence."
Who spoke these words?   Under what circumstances?    Discuss  the truth  of  the
speech as applied to the play Macbeth.
13       2. What use is served in the play by the elements named below?    Choose any four.
None of the answers should exceed two or three sentences in length.
(a.)  Fleance.
(B.)  Malcolm,
(c.) Birnam Wood.
(d.)  The physician,
(e.)  The porter.
(f.)   The incident of Lady Macduff and her son.
13 3. Quote or fully paraphrase a very brief passage illustrating any four of the things
named below.    In no case should the passage or the paraphrase exceed three or
four lines.
(a.) A sense of false security in presence of danger.
(B.)  Lady Macbeth's strength of mind.
(c.) The physical horror that finally overwhelmed her.
(d.)  Macbeth's despair.
(e.) The physical appearance of the witches.
14 4. Compare Macbeth, as to character and fate, with the hero of any other Shakespearian
tragedy that you have read.
Part C.
[Answer any three of the four questions.]
14       1. " He hates our sacred nation, and he rails,
Even there where merchants most do congregate,
On me, my bargains, and my well-won thrift,
Which he calls interest.    Cursed be my tribe,
If I forgive him! "
To whom are these words addressed?    Under what circumstances are they uttered?
Point out how important they are, coming near the beginning of the play, for the
plot and for our insight into the speaker's character. 13       2. What use is served in the play by the elements named below?    Choose any four.
None of the answers should exceed two or three sentences in length.
(a.) Jessica.
(B.)  Nerissa.
(c.)  The moonlight scene.
(d.) The incident of the rings.
(e.) Tubal.
(/.)  Doctor Bellario.
13 3. Quote or fully paraphrase a very brief passage illustrating any four of the things
named below.    In no case should the passage or the paraphrase exceed three or
four lines.
(o.) The better side of Shylock's nature.
(B.) Gratiano's impudence.
(c.)  Portia's one moment of confusion.
(d.) Portia's complete generosity of nature.
(e.)  Antonio's bravery or unselfishness.
14 4. Compare Portia's character with that of the heroine of any other Shakespearian
comedy that you have read.
Part D.
A poem for " sight-reading."
Marshwood Vale.
Watched by the hills it slumbers,
Hears, but not heeds, the sea,
Cold clay and woodland
Since eternity.
In Marshwood, in Marshwood,
Time's self grows drowsy there,
Folds wings and lingers
With hours on hours to spare.
No signposts mark in Marshwood
The roads that wander blind,
Where sleep forgotten
Lost farms none comes to find.
In Marshwood, in Marshwood,
Untouched the wild white rose
Clambers the hedges
Down lanes where no man goes.
Lost things live on in Marshwood:
Dead hands in Marshwood Vale,
High up the steeple,
Have carved the Holy Grail.
Little the years have changed there
Since Arthur come and gone;
Still Marshwood slumbers
The sleep of Avalon.
8 (a.) Describe the "general feeling " or " atmosphere" of this place by a single word or
phrase. Justify your word or phrase by listing a dozen expressions in the
poem that support it.
2 (B.)  What is the effect of the repetition of " Marshwood "?
3 (c.) What is the effect of the mention of King Arthur?
4 (d.)  Indicate the metre of " Cold clay and woodland," and " Folds wings and lingers."
Point out four other similar lines.
4        (e.)  Comment on the meaning of "wander blind" and "Lost things live on." Q 176 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
French Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
15       1. Write in the spaces provided the correct forms of the words in italics :—
II chanta de sa beau _ voix, de vieux	
chansons du pays.    II avait une de ces voix qui coulent comme une eau
courante en reflfitant les doux rives   (fern.)
de la vie.    Xj'ancien ville a des rues
neuf depuis la guerre mais son
nouveau .*. Stat ne plait pas aux vieux habitants
qui aimaient les pierres roux de leurs
petit rues.   lis ne sont pas jaloux de la ville
voisin car leur ville fl. eux est comme un
village tranquille oil la vie s'ecoule lentement,
sans aucune alerte vif mais aussi sans ennui,
dans la lumiere merveilleux _ de ce soleil
meridional.    Les rues sont gai et animi
 sous ce climat salubre	
15 2. Change the words in the following passage from the infinitive to the past tense
(using the imperfect, the past definite, or the past participle, as required by the
Tous les ans je passer mes vacances fl la campagne
oil mon oncle posseder. une ferme.    Le matin
je se lever de bonne heure et j'aller
 aux  champs.    Les  ouvriers  agricoles  saisir
 la paille qui sortir	
de la machine et en faire des meules.    La
machine battre le ble et le bruit qu'elle
faisait n'^tre jamais interrompre
     Un jour par hasard, elle ralentir
 et le fermier s'en apercevoir	
AussitSt il longer le champ, faire
 amener un ouvrier et l'on reparer
 la machine sans l'arreter.
30 3- Put mto French the following passage (work carefully; read your finished work) :—
George's sailing boat has been sold and he is leaving the sea-side to live in the
country. He has a little farm which has belonged to him for over four years
although he has never lived there. The house is right in the country. It has
a tower with a ladder against the wall and a vine that climbs up to the
little windows with their pretty white curtains. He is lucky to have such a
shelter from the heat of the summer and one glance at the green lawns is
enough to make us want (donner envie) to be there. The garden is, of
course, very important as he is too far from the wholesale merchants to buy
his vegetables from them. He buys no bread from the baker and his little
brothers cannot spend their money at the corner shop. There is no bakery
and no corner shop for there is no other house near his.
20       4. Make short but complete sentences in French to illustrate the use of the following
words.    Write in English the meaning of each of your sentences.
(a.) cet.
Meaning .'	
(B.)  ceux.
(c.) plus de.
(d.) plut5t.
(e.) ce qui.
(f.) ce que.
(g.) a mesure que.
(h.) jusqu'a ce que.
(i.) il faut (followed by an infinitive).
(/.)  da vantage.
12       5. Complete the following sentences by putting the verbs in italics in the tense required
by the context:—
(a.) Pourquoi fermez-vous la fenetre?    Je l'ai ouvrir	
pour avoir de l'air.
(B.)  Je ne pouvoir pas vous voir aujourd'hui.
(c.)  Comment, mademoiselle, je vous trouve encore asseoir	
au lieu de travailler!
(d.) Vous se lever trop tard tous les matins.
(e.)  II attendre (preterit) son dejeuner hier
jusqu'a ce que que les autres revenir	
(/.) A cette epoque le maqon bdtir une maison
en face de la n6tre et elle etait loin d'etre achevfee.
(g.)  Oui mais j'espSre qu'il essuyer ses mains
demain, avant de toucher fl. mon dtner.
(h.) Je s'habiller plus vite s'il ne me parlait
pas tout le temps.
(i.) lis faire toujours le contraire de ce que je
leur dis.
(j.) Apr5s venir fl l'ecole deux fois il n'a plus
assists au cours.
(fc.) Z'aller   (fut.) le voir demain.
8       6. Supply the correct prepositions in the following sentences.    If none is necessary, put
a cross (X) in the space provided.
(a.) II s'est approche feu et il s'est brule.
(B.) Plusieurs personnes m'ont dit la m&me chose.
(c.) II s'est mis pleurer tout d'un coup.
(d.) Je desirerais vous revoir.
(e.) Cela ne plait peut-Stre pas tout le monde.
(/.) Bien fautes viennent de 1'inattention.
(g.) Beaucoup homines se trompent malgre eux.
(h.) II vaut mieux rester ici.
12 French Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
40       !• Composition franchise (au moins 200 mots).
Description detaillee de la maison de campagne, grande ou petite, ou vous allez
passer vos vacances d'ete. Situation, aspect, nombre de pieces, leur usage;
meubles simples ou ornes. Grandeur du jardin, allees, fleurs, lesquelles?
Pare voisin ou foret, sortes d'arbres, riviSre. Amusements et occupations
pendant votre sejour.
25       2.  (a.)  Donnez en francais la definition de:  la capitale, le cavalier, le petit dejeuner.
(B.)  Donnez le nom (avec article) qui correspond a ces definitions:—
(1.)  Un homme extremement brave.
(2.)  Celui qui est entering sans pouvoir sortir.
(3.)  Une machine volante construite par 1'homme.
(4.)  Morceau d'etoffe suspendu devant une fenetre pour intercepter la vue.
(5.)  Celui qui n'est pas votre ami et qui vous deteste.
(6.)  Accident tres serieux a un navire sur mer.
(c.)  Formez une phrase complete a 1'aide des mots suivants et d'autres;   faites les
changements necessaires.    Traduisez chaque phrase en anglais.
(1.) les provisions, aller chercher, en plein air, vendre, en train de.
(2.)  les applaudissements, la foule, le sauveteur, jusqu'a ce que, sortir.
15       3.  (a.) Trouvez les equivalents des mots en italique:—
(1.)  Ces enfants sont tres bruyants.
(2.)  Comment vous portez-vous d ce moment?
(3.) Dans quinze minutes au moins, il nous faut partir, car le temps est
(b.)  Contraires des mots en italique:—
(1.)  C'est une malle vide, elle est tres Ugere et bien inutile quand on l'a
tnontee dans ma chambre.
(2.)  II trouve la leeon difficile, et il n'est jamais le dernier en classe;   il
a tort de mal travailler.
20       4. Apres avoir lu ce passage, repondez en anglais aux questions.
Pendant le " regne de la Terreur " un tres petit nombre de personnes venaient
jouer aux cartes au Cafe de la Regence.    On n'en avait pas le coeur, car ce
n'etait guere agreable de voir par les fenetres, passer dans la rue St. Honorg
les charrettes  (carts)  conduisant les condamnes fl l'execution.
Robespierre venait souvent s'y asseoir,  mais telle etait la terreur dont l'insi-
gnifiant petit homme, si pale, remplissait tous les coeurs, que tres peu de
personnes avaient le desir de jouer avec lui.
Un jour un beau jeune homme vint s'asseoir en face de lui, et fit un geste comme
pour  proposer  une  partie.    Robespierre  accepta   l'invitation   et   l'etranger
gagna.    Us  jouerent  une  seconde  partie  que  l'etranger  gagna  egalement.
Alors Robespierre demanda quel etait l'enjeu (stake).
—" La tete d'un jeune homme qu'on doit executor demain " fut la reponse.    Voici
l'ordre de sa mise en liberte, il n'y manque que votre signature;   signez vite,
car on n'accordera aucun delai."
C'est ainsi que le jeune comte de B. fut sauv6 de la guillotine.    Le papier signe,
l'homme du pouvoir demanda:   "Mais qui etes-vous done citoyen?"—Dites
plutot " citoyenne " monsieur;  je suis la fiancee du comte, merci et adieu.
(1.) Quel nom donne-t-on fl l'epoque la plus sombre de la Revolution frangaise?
savez-vous pourquoi?
(2.)  Pourquoi venait-on rarement au cafe alors? PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 179
(3.)  Nommez et decrivez le personnage qui le frequentait souvent?
(4.) Avec qui jouait-il et lequel des deux gagna?
(5.)  Comment le comte de B. fut il sauve et par qui?
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams;  use printed capitals.    Authorities may be cited
by number or enunciation.]
13 1. (<*■■) In any triangle the square on the side opposite an acute angle equals the sum
of the squares on the other two sides diminished by twice the rectangle
contained by either of these sides and the projection on it of the other.
2 (B.)  In the triangle ABC, AB=4, BC = 5, AC = 8.    Compute the length of the pro
jection of BC upon AB.
13 2. The angles made by a tangent to a circle with a chord drawn from the point of
contact are respectively equal to the angles in the alternate segments of the circle.
10 3. Show how to draw a square equal in area to a given triangle. (Give explanations
of construction but no proofs.)
4. Make accurate constructions in (a) and (B) of the following, showing all necessary
construction lines:—
3 ia.) Construct a triangle ABC having sides 1%, 1%, and 2 inches long.    (No
explanations are required.)
4 (B.)  Construct another triangle DEF similar to ABC and twice its area.    (No
explanations are required.)
13 i°.)  Prove the theorem used in showing that the area of DEF is twice the area
of ABC.
14 5. The base and the vertical angle of a triangle are given.    Find the locus of the inter
section of lines drawn from the ends of the base perpendicular to the opposite
sides of the triangle.
14 6. Within a circle of radius r, draw two circles of radii r2 and rs which touch each other
externally and both of which touch the circle of radius rt internally. (r,> r2+rs.)
(Give explanations but no proof.)
14 7- DEF is a triangle inscribed in a circle with centre O. The diameter perpendicular
to EF cuts DE at P and FD produced at Q. Prove that OE is a mean proportional between OP and OQ.
.  - German Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Complete the following sentences by filling in proper articles and endings where
needed, always putting the underlined word in the genitive. Then rewrite
in the plural:—
(1.) _flopf—gftettfd) ift runb.
(2.) —31ame—©tabt ift -Bcmcouoer.
(3.) —©djroefter—Stnaht tfi Wlaxk.
(4.) —©eite—-Bud) ift roetfj.
(5.) —33emeguitg—Serg ift rcgdmaftig. Q 180 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
10        2. Put into German :—
(1.) He went behind the desk and up to the blackboard.
(2.) She is sitting on a chair near the window.
(3.) He works for his father during the day.
(4.) Karl went with his brother out of the house.
20 3.  (a.) Rewrite in the present and imperfect tenses :—
(1.) (Sr fjat fein grutyftuct gegeffeit.
(2.) (Sr ift frill) aufgeftcmben.
(3.) (Sr ijat e§ fyhtauSgeruorfert.
(4.) @ie |at e§ mitgebrcidjt.
(5-) (Sr l)at um nBerjietjung gefieten.
(b.)  Rewrite in the pluperfect:—
(1.) (Sr 6etnadE)t ba§ SjauS.
(2.) (S§ luirb bunfeL
(3.) SSIeibt ifjr pt £->aufe ?
(4.) (Sr fcfjtdft fogleidj ein.
(5.) JBir f)eben bie Sretbe auf.
(c.)   Rewrite (b) (1)  in  the  future;   (b) (2)  in  the  future-perfect, and  all  the
imperative forms of fid) Ijtnfetjen and e§ tiorlefen.
10 4.  Put into German :—
(1.) He knows that he cannot speak German well.
(2.) He wants to go home but he has to stay here.
(3.) I thought that you were bringing me your book.
(4.) I knew that he did not know you.
(5.) He could not find his pen, so he had to write with his pencil.
10        5. Fill in the correct endings and insert articles or adjectives where necessary, then
rewrite in the plural :—
(1.) —gtofj—,£>au3 wit—rot—S^ad) gebort meirt—reid)—OnfeL
(2.) SKeht—flein — ©djtuefter fpielt nut—geib — 9ta%t unb—fdjnmrj—<§unb
(3.) —alt—Sefjrer unfer:—beutfdj—fitaffe §at—fdjon—©arten.
15 6.  Put into German :—
(1.) I think that pencil belongs to my sister ; please show it to her.
(2.) This is my dog and that is hers ; which one do you prefer?
(3.) The pen with which I was writing yesterday has no ink in it.
(4.) My friend, whose mother has suddenly become ill, has gone home.
(5.) He described to us all that he had seen on his trip.
15 7. Put into German :—
(1.) There are three hundred and sixty-five days or fifty-two weeks and one
day in a year.
(2.)  On Mondays, Wednesdays, and Saturdays I go to the country to visit
my uncle.
(3.) Please bring us two glasses of water and three cups of coffee.
(4.) With what and to whom are you writing?    This is a good pen, write
with it.
(5.) When the days are longest, the nights are shortest. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 181
15 8.  Put into German :—
Vancouver is a rather large city in the western part of Canada with one of
the best harbours in the world. It has grown very quickly and now
has two main streets in which all kinds of vehicles and many
pedestrians hurry along. In the middle of each of these streets cars
go up and down. On both sides are fine shops with decorated windows
and other high buildings. The city has now over three hundred and
fifteen thousand inhabitants, but most of these live in quieter parts of
the town. The houses of tbe rich are large and beautiful and are
usually surrounded by splendid gardens.
German Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
60        1. Put into English:—
(1.) (Sr fiityrte feinen (Sfel an ber .,panb, unb ber SBirt rooHte ifym bag Xier
abttelpnen unb e§ anbtnben; ber jnnge ©efette aber fpradj: ,,@ebt
(Sud) Seine 9JUif)e; meinen ©raufdjimmel fiiljre id) fetber in ben ©tall
unb binbe ibn aud) felber an, benn id) ntu§ roiffen, wo er ftetjt."
3)a§ fchten bem SLBirt fonberbar, unb er meinte, einer, ber feinen (Sfel
felbft anbtnben mu§te, Ijatte ntdjt uiel ©elb. 91I§ aber ber grembe
jroet ©olbftMe au§ ber £afd)e nafym unb fagte, er mode etroag ©uteg
ju effen, madjte er grofse 9lugen, lief unb fud)te bag -Beflte, roag er
finben fonnte.
(2.) ^n einem ©orfe ant Dftfeeftraitbe rooljnte em junger ^tfdjer, ber troi?
feiner Slrmut non grower SebenSlnft mar unb beSEjalb gern mefjr beg
trbifdjen ©uteg geljabt tjcitte. ®a er jebod) roenig .Spoffnung Ijatte,
burcl) bte gifdjeret reid) ju roerben, fo§ er eine§ Stageg fitminernoH
am ©tranbe unb t)6rte bem raftfofen .-Platfdjern ber -Sranbunggniellen
gu. ®ag flang U)m feljr liebtid), rate ein freunblidjeg ^laubern non
(3.) 3>nbeffen meinte ber -peter, eg fei geit, fein nBiel) ju fiittern, unb fttef,
gat)nenb bie ©talltiir auf. S)a fieljt er ben leeren ©tanb beg
-Braunen. Sange fonnte er fein 28ort l)eroorbringen. ,,3um
Sucfud ! " rief er enblidj aug ; ,,ber frentbe ©aul mar mein jpanfel,
unb eg ift bitrd) -Blenbraerf gefdjelien, bafj fein 3Jfenfd) tljn bafiir
erfannte." ®er $eter raotlte fid) bie .Spaare augraufen, allein, raag
follte er madjen ?    S5er ©ant roar fort.
(4.) ®ann bradj au§ ben 9tugen beiber ein £)et§er Kriinenftrom, unb unter
£ranen erjaljlte 2lll)etb, roie fie, bem .Mat ber (Sule folgenb, bte
2Bunfd)frau aufgefudjt l)abe unb auf iljre -Bitten in eine (Sfeltn
nerroanbelt roorben fei. ®ann erftattete aud) ber ©dnfertd), uon
Iieftigem @djlud)geit oft unterbrodjen, 23ertd)t, unb bie ©onne fjat
rooljl nie jroei iinglii(flid)ere ©efdjopfe befd)ienen alg unfere betben
Siebenben. Q 182
(5.) (Sin ©ilberftiicfdjen roarf er breimal tng SJEeer l)htab,
Unb bretmat mufjt' icffg Ijolen, el) er'S gum Soljn mir gab.
®ann reidjt' er mir ein 9cuber, fjief-; in ein 23oot mid) geljn,
(Sr felber blieb gur ©ette mir unuerbroffen fte^n,
SBteg mir, rote man bte 3Boge mit fcl)arfen ©djlage bridjt,
2Sie man bie SBirbel metbet unb mit ber 23ranbung fidjt.
(6.) (£g Hirrten bte 93edper, eg jaudjgten bie £ned)t';
©o Hang eg bem ftiirrigen .ftonige redjt.
®eg J?onigg SBangen lettdjten ©lut;
3m SfBein erroud)g iljm fecfer 5D?ut.
Unb blinbltngg reifjt ber SKut i|n fort;
Unb er laftert bte ©otttjeit mit fiinbtgem 28ort.
Unb er briiftet fid) fred), unb laftert roilb ;
3)te $ned)tenfd)ar iljm Seifall briittt.
2. Translate at sight:—
(Sineu Sag fuljr ein fleiner $unge in ber ©trafjenbatjn. (Sr fag gang ftill in
einer (Scfe unb t)offte, bag ber ©djaffner ib,n nid)t fetjen roiirbe. 2lber ber
©d)affner fal) ifjn bod) unb rief: ,,®u, Kleiner, bu Ijaft nod) ntd)t
begablt. ®u bift oiet gu gro§ um fret gu faljreu." ®a roar nun letber
nidjtg gu madjeit, er mufjte begaljlen. Sangfam gog er ben ©elbbeutel
aug ber -wtafdje, naljm ein 3cl)npfennigfti't(f fjeraug, gab eg bem ©d)affner
unb fagte: ,,^>ier ift 3tjr ©elb. 2lber id) mod)te ,3l)neu etroag fageu;
roenn id) begaljlen mug, roill id) mit ©te angerebet roerben."
3. Put into German :—
Once there was a good shoe-maker who became very poor. He got up
one morning and found a fine pair of shoes on his table, which he
had not made. He did not know who had helped him, but he sold
them for a good price. Later he learned that two tiny, naked little
men came every night at midnight and worked for him. He and his
wife were so thankful that they made clothes and shoes for them, and
with these the little men were very much pleased.
4. Write in German a description of the seasons.
Greek.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10 1.  Decline irary]p, yeptov.
10 2. Decline ovtos, ,
16 3. Write the second singular imperfect indicative passive of Tiy.da; the first plural
aorist subjunctive active of \vo>; the third plural aorist imperative passive
of dOpo^to; the first plural aorist optative passive of irip.ww} the third singular
present optative active of rifxaw ; the third plural perfect indicative passive
of AeiVd) \ the second singular pluperfect indicative passive of dyto; the first
plural present indicative of
9 4.  Write the imperfect indicative of dy.1, vroteco (passive);   the pluperfect indicative
active of dOpolfa. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 183
10 5. Write the principal parts of iXavvia, trtpfo), Sokiw, t/So/xcu,  aKovtit, itpaTTw, tf>i\e<a,
apX<°l  KOTTTW, ypdtfxit.
25        6. Translate into English :—
(a.)  ot Se (TTpaTr/yot avTov epioTtticrt tl trcftio-iv laTai eav vtK-tjtratcri.
(b.)  jxr/KiTL tpofiov, & K.\eap)^(, KVK\tady<s eKaTtpwuev.
(c.)  dpjx. Trj f)iMpa Svo dyyeXovs irep.ipdvTti>v irpbi to T€t)(os.
(d.)  €t ou"EAA.t;i/6s vlkwcv tous fiapfidpovi, KaXtoS av Z\oi.
(e.)  iBievotpStvTU. dpyovra liroLrj(rdp.t6a Iva trotdeip-ev.
20 7.  Translate into Greek:—
(a.) I did this in order that the enemy might not hear.
(b.) Let us ask Cyrus what he intends.
(c.) The generals proceeded through the mountains.
(d.) Let the mercenaries be collected in the market place.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Answer question 8 and three others.]
25 !• Describe conditions in France before the Revolution and the ideas of change that
were becoming popular at that time through the writings of Voltaire and
Rousseau and the reforms attempted by Turgot.
25       2. Outline the rise and fall of Napoleon.
25 3- What led to the Industrial Revolution in England? What were its effects upon the
lives of the people?
25 4- Show by a brief account of events in France, Prussia, Italy, and the Austrian Empire
that the year 1848 was one of revolt, and explain why each of these revolts failed.
25 5. Outline the stages by which national unity was achieved in Italy and in Germany,
and point out the parts played by Cavour and Bismarck.
25 6- Explain the need and the effects of the reform bills in England during the nineteenth
century. What further extension of the franchise has been made in the twentieth
century ?
25       7. Write brief explanatory notes on the following:   The Holy Alliance;   The Monroe
Doctrine;  The Suez Canal;  The Panama Canal;  The Hague Conference of 1899.
25 8- What is the purpose of the League of Nations? How is it organized? Give some
examples of work that it has done for the betterment of mankind.
Latin Authors and Sight Translation.    (Time, 2y2 hours.)
A. Caesar, De Bello Gallico, Books IV. and V.
1. Translate:—
4 In petenda pace ejus rei culpam in multitudinem contulerunt, et propter impru-
dentiam ut igno-sceretur petiverunt. Caesar questus, quod, cum ultro in
continentem legatis missis pacem ah se pelissent, bellum sine causa intulissent
ignoscere imprudentiae dixit obsidesque imperavit.
1 (a.) What is the literal translation of in petenda pace?
1 (P.) ut ignosceretur.    Why not ut ignoscerentur? Q 184 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
2 (c.)  Account for the mood of petissent, intulissent.
1 (d.) What is the subject of ignoscere?
2. Translate:—■
10 His adductis, in iis filio propinquisque ejus omnibus, quos nominatim evocaverat,
consolatus Indutiomarum hortatusque, uti in officio maneret: nihilo tamen
secius principibus Treverorum ad se convocatis hos singillatim Cingetorigi
conciliavit: quod cum inerito ejus a se fieri intellegebat, turn magni interesse
arbitrabatur ejus auctoritatem inter suos quam plurimum valere, cujus tam
egregiam in se voluntatem perspexisset. Id tulit factum graviter Indutio-
marus, suam gratiam inter suos minui, et qui jam ante inimico in nos animo
fuisset, multo gravius hoc dolore exarsit.
7 (a.) Account for the mood of maneret, fuisset;   the mood and the tense of per
spexisset; the case of magni, animo, multo, dolore.
1 (6.) What is the subject of interesse?
3. Translate:—
4 His rebus cognitis a captivis perfugisque Caesar praemisso equitatu confestim
legiones subsequi jussit. Sed ea celeritate atque eo impetu milites ierunt,
cum capite solo ex aqua exstarent, ut hostes impetum legionum atque equitum
sustinere non possent, ripasque dimitterent ac se fugae mandarent.
1 (a.)  Express the thought in his rebus cognitis by a Latin clause suitable to the
1 (6.)  Express the thought in legiones subsequi jussit by substituting imperavit for
jussit and making all other necessary changes.
3 (c.) Account for the case of celeritate, capite;  the mood of dimitterent.
B. Virgil, Selections. i    !
4. Translate:— !   '   '     ;
4 stetit ilia tremens, uteroque recusso •   •
insonuere cavae gemitumque dedere cavernae. '
et, si fata deum, si mens non laeva fuisset,                                               i
impulerat ferro Argolicas foedare latebras,
Troiaque nunc staret, Priamique arx alta maneres.
1 (a.) To what does ilia refer? '.
1 (6.)  Parse dedere. J
1 (c.) Account for the mood and the tense of maneres.
5. Translate:—
4 ' Mene efferre pedem, genitor, te posse relicto
sperasti, tantumque nefas pa trio excidit ore?
si nihil ex tanta superis placet urbe relinqui, :■ .
et sedet hoc animo, perituraeque addere Troiae
teque tuosque iuvat, patet isti ianua leto.
3 (a.) Account for the case of te, nihil;  the mood of addere. ,
6. Translate:—■
4 ' Quod tibi delato Ortygiam dicturus Apollo est,
hie canit et tua nos en ultro ad limina mittit.
nos te, Dardania incensa, tuaque arma secuti,
nos tumidum sub te permensi classibus aequor,
idem venturos tollemus in astra nepotes,
imperiumque urbi dabimus.
3 (a.) Explain the reference in Ortygiam, hie, nos.
2 (P.) Account for the case of Ortygiam, idem.
1 (c.)  Mention one instance of the fulfilment of the promise tollemus in astra nepotes. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 185
7. Translate:—
3 progeniem sed enim Troiano a sanguine duel
audierat, Tyrias olim quae verteret arces;
hinc populum late regem belloque superbum
venturum excidio Libyae:   sic volvere Parcas.
2 («•) Account for the mood and the tense of verteret;   the case of excidio.
1 (b.) Did the prophetic rumours mentioned in this extract prove to be true?   Explain
very briefly.
2 (c.)  Scan the lines beginning progeniem and venturum.
C. Sight Translation.
[In dire distress because winged monsters called Harpies were carrying off all his food,
the aged Phineus appealed to Jason and his fellow Argonauts, who were journeying
to Colchis in quest of the Golden Fleece.]
32       8. Translate at sight:—        , ,,
Argonautae primum gladiis Harpyias adorti sunt; cum tamen viderent hoc nihil
juvare, duo ex Argonautis, qui alis instructi sunt, in aera se sustulerunt, ut
desuper impetum facerent. Quod cum sensissent Harpyiae, rei novitate
perterritae statim aufugerunt, neque postea umquam redierunt.
Quo facto, Phineus, ut pro tanto beneflcio meritam gratiam referret, Jasoni
demonstravit, qua ratione Symplegades vitare posset. Symplegades autem
duae erant rupes ingenti magnitudine, quae a Jove in mari positae erant eo
consilio, ne quis ad Colchida perveniret. Hae parvo intervallo tiatabant et,
si quid in medium spatium venerat, incredibili celeritate concurrebant.
Postquam igitur a Phineo doctus est, quid faciendum esset, Jason, sublatis
ancoris, navem solvit, et brevi ad Symplegades appropinquavit. Turn in
prora stans, columbam, quam in manu tenebat, emisit. Ilia recta via per
medium spatium volavit et, priusquam rupes conflixerunt, incolumis evasit,
cauda tantum amissa. Turn rupes utrimque discesserunt; antequam tamen
rursus concurrerent, Argonautae, bene intellegentes omnem spem salutis in
celeritate positam esse, summa vi remis contenderunt, et navem incolumem
gratiam referre, show gratitude.
rupis, rock.
parvo intervallo, a short distance apart.
nato are, swim.
evado, ere, evasi, evasum, get away, escape.
utrimque, on both sides, in both directions.
Latin Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
15        1. Write:—
(a.) the accusative singular of
palm latior 	
ille homo 	
(6.) the ablative singular of
quod iter	
magna res 	
(c.) the genitive plural of
civitas nostra	
corpus utile	
ille dies	
hoc nomen	 Q 186 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(d.) the accusative plural of
magistratus fortis 	
mare latins 	
(e.)  the genitive singular of
quod flumen 	
units quisque 	
hoc genus 	
(/.)  the ablative singular of
14 2. Translate into English :—
(o.) Nos nostraque omnia in silvas conferemus.
(6.) Caesari omnia uno tempore erant agenda.
(c.) Quaesivit a me cur abire nollemus.
(tl) A Romanis petebant ne sibi nocerent.
(e.) Pollicitus est se quam celerrime auxilium missurum esse.
(/.) Num putatis vos nobis amicos fuisse?
(g.) Eos monebo ut finem orandi faciant.
15 3. Write:—
(a.)  the second plural present subjunctive active of
possum  .	
(b.) the third singular imperfect subjunctive of
fero  (active)  	
(c.)  the second singular present indicative of
fero (active and passive) 	
capio (active and passive) 	
(d.) the second singular future indicative of
audio (active) 	
(e.)  the plural present imperative of
(/.)  the first singular perfect indicative active of
4. Translate into Latin :—•
4 («.)  Do you believe that the Gauls will do what they have promised?
5 (b.) They promised to send back the hostages whom they had received.
5 ic) I hope no one will answer that he wishes to go away.
5 id.) Vour brother ordered me not to help you.
5 (e.) They persuaded Caesar not to give the Germans land in Gaul.
7 if.)  On the same night we were informed by our scouts that the cavalry of the
enemy had encamped two miles from us.
5 iff-)  The next year he perceived that he must return to Rome.
5 (h.) They asked how great an army was marching against him.
5 («•) They said that they had not injured us.
5 H-) Do you know why we have come into your territories?
5 ik.) He makes the camp so large that it cannot easily be surrounded.
Physics.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[The last question and any other seven constitute a full paper.]
11 1. (a.) A uniform wooden rod 6 cm. square and 50 cm. long is loaded so that it floats
upright in water with 30 cm. below the surface. If the rod were placed in
a liquid of specific gravity 0.8, what length of the rod would be below the
(6.) The area of the large piston of a hydraulic press is 200 square inches and that
of the small piston is 5 square inches. What is the mechanical advantage
of this machine? Prove that, if there is no friction, the work obtained from
this instrument is equal to the work put into it.
11       2.  (a.) Air is forced into a vessel of volume 1,000 cc. until it contains 2.58 grams, the
temperature being 17° C.    Find the pressure of the air in the vessel if the
mass of one litre of air at 0° C. and 760 mm. pressure is 1.29 gm.
(b.) Define the following terms :  heat of fusion, relative humidity, boiling-point.
11       3. (a.) If 50 grams of steam at 100° C. are passed into a cavity in a block of ice which
is at 0° C, how much ice will be melted, assuming that no heat is lost?
(6.)  Show by reference to a diagram, in each case, how convection currents may be
established in liquids and also in gases.   What is the real cause of such
currents?   Give one example of each from nature.
11 4. (a.) At a time when the velocity of sound in air is 350 metres per second what will
be the length of the shortest closed tube that will be in resonance with the
fundamental note from a tuning-fork of frequency 300?
(6.) Write a short note on the influence of temperature on the velocity of sound
in air.
(c.) Describe, by reference to a diagram, the nature of a sound-wave in air.
11        5.  (a.) An object is placed before a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. and its image is
formed on a screen 30 cm. from the lens.    Find the position of the image by
calculation.    Make the usual diagram.
(&.)  Explain clearly how the colour of natural objects arises.
11        6.  (a.)  State the law of variation of intensity of illumination with distance from the
source and describe how it is used in determining the candle-power of a
(b.)  Describe a simple experiment for comparing the magnetic shielding power of
iron with that of brass.    Use drawings. Q 188 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
11 7. (a.) Describe the human eye as an optical instrument. How is it that a person
with normal vision can see distinctly objects at all distances from 10 inches
up to infinity?
(b.) Describe the electrophorus and explain its action in terms of the electron theory.
What is the source of the electrical energy obtained when the cover is
11        8. Answer part (ct) and either (6) or (c).
(a.) A helix of insulated wire is wound around a vertical cardboard tube. The
circuit is then closed and the N pole of a bar magnet is moved into the coil.
Make a drawing of the apparatus so as to show clearly the direction, of
winding of the helix. Predict, by Lenz's law, the polarity of the upper end
of the coil and mark It and the direction of the induced current on the
(&.) A heating-coil of resistance 50 ohms is connected to a 100-volt circuit. Calculate (1) the power in k.w. used by the coil, (2) the heat given off in
5 minutes. (The factor used in converting watts into calories per second
is 0.24.)
(c.) A cell has an internal resistance of 0.3 ohm and its E.M.F. on open circuit is
1.8 volts. If the poles are connected by a conductor of 1.2 ohms, what would
be the reading of a voltmeter connected to the terminals of the cell while
the current is flowing?
23       9.  («•)  From a rifle 64 feet above the water a bullet is shot in a horizontal direction
and strikes the water at a horizontal distance of 3,000 feet.   What was the
average horizontal velocity of the bullet?
(6.) A mass of 100 grams, which is free to move, acquires a velocity of 10,000 cm.
per second in 10 seconds from rest.    What constant force has produced the
(e.) A spring balance would have to be used to compare the weight of a body on the
moon with that on the earth.    Explain why.
(d.)   What horizontal force is required to draw a trunk weighing 150 pounds across
a floor, if the coefficient of friction is 0.3?
Grade XI., Normal Entrance.
Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Ansicer the first question and four other questions.]
28 1- Draw a large sketch-map of the four western Canadian provinces. Include and
name: (a) the Fraser, Columbia, and Saskatchewan-Nelson river systems; (b)
the Peace, Athabaska, and Skeena rivers; (c) four provincial capitals, with
Prince Rupert, Kamloops, Nelson, Vancouver, Calgary, Prince Albert, Saskatoon,
Brandon, and Churchill;   (d) the parallel 60° N. and the meridian 120° W.
18       2. (a.) Why is it that a December day in British Columbia is  (i) cooler than,  (ii)
shorter than  a  June  day?   Illustrate your answer by  large  and  clear
(b.)  Explain why our warmest and coldest months are usually August and January,
respectively, rather than June and December.
18 3. ia.) " Cities tend to develop wherever there is a break in transportation." To what
extent do the cities Montreal, London, and Marseilles justify this statement?
Illustrate your answer by sketch-maps. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 189
(B.) What other conditions have determined the location and growth of such cities
as Hamilton, Winnipeg, and Seattle?
18 4. (a.) Halifax, Nova Scotia, and Portland, Oregon, lie very nearly on the same
parallel of latitude. What are the climatic differences between these two
cities? Explain as fully as possible how these differences are caused.
(b.) "The condition of winter rains and dry bright summers has been called
Mediterranean climate because it is so prevalent in this region (Southern
(i.)  Explain fully the reasons for this condition.
(ii.)  What areas in North America, Africa (south of the equator), and Australia
have a "Mediterranean climate"?
18       5.  (a.)  Name three important manufacturing industries carried on in England, and
one in each of the countries  Scotland, Ireland,  and Wales.   Name one
centre associated with each of these manufactures.
(&.)  In which two European countries has water-power been most highly developed?
For what purposes is this power utilized?
(c.)  Select three other European countries which are engaged in manufacturing;
name the manufactures and one centre associated with each.
18        6.  (a.) Describe the surface of New Zealand.    In what industries are the people of
New Zealand principally engaged?   What are the chief products of these
industries ?
(b.)   (i.) Compare British India with Canada in regard to area and population.
(ii.) What rivers drain the Great Plain of India?    Describe the surface of this
plain and enumerate the principal crops raised there,
(iii.) Describe the position of  these cities  and state what special  interest
attaches to them:   Delhi, Calcutta, Karachi, Bombay.
18 7. (o.) Enumerate (i) three main sources of the world's toheat supply, and name
one shipping-point in each; (ii) three main sources of the world's cotton
supply, naming one shipping-point in each; (iii) two countries that supply
the largest wool clip, and the chief shipping-point in each.
(&.) Name the principal coffee producing country, and the chief shipping-point for
this product.
(c.) From what raw products are the following obtained: starch, chocolate, guttapercha, jute, copra, olive-oil?   Indicate one country of origin for each. Q 190
Grade XII., Senior Matriculation.
Algebra.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1.  (a.) Show how to find the sum of n terms and the sum to infinity of a G.P.
(b.) The 7th term of an A.P. is 15 and the 21st term is 8.    Find the sum of the
first 13 terms.
2.  (a.) If x : a = y : b-
(b.) Find the ratios x : y
c, then — + — -
a2    b2    c'2
(x + y + z)
(a+b + c)2
from the equations'3x —2y = 3z, I0y — 6z — x.
3. (a.) If x cc y, prove x2 - y2 ccxy.
(b.) The weight of a cylinder varies as the square of the radius of the base when
the height is constant and as the height when the radius is constant.
Two cylinders have their heights in the ratio 17 : 8; find the ratio of
the areas of their bases if the first weighs three times as much as the
4. (a.) Show that in the combinations of 40 different things taken 10 at a time, the
number of combinations in which a particular thing occurs is one-third
of the number in which it does not occur.
(b.)  How many different arrangements beginning with / and ending with e can
be made from the letters of the words, (i) failure, (ii) feature?    Explain
5. (a.) Write the 5th term of (2 - cc)   .
(b.) Expand (16 + 3*-)    4 to 2 terms.
(c.) Find the sum of the series - + -ZL +   '' —
V   ' 4    4.8    4.8.12
+ ... to infinity.
6. A man mortgages property for $10,000 and agrees to pay the money off in 10
equal annual payments, the first to be made a year hence. If money is
worth 5%, what is the amount of each payment?
(1.05)10== 1.628895, (1.05)"
= 0.613913.
7. (a.) a and /3 are the roots of 3a:2 + x + 2 ===== 0,  (a+ 1) and ((3 + 1) are the roots of
y2 -py + q = 0.    Find the values of p and q.
(6.) Discuss the values imposed upon k when the equation x2 — kx + 5 — 0 has
(i) equal roots, (ii) real roots, (iii) imaginary roots.
8. Solve the equations : x + y + z — 10, yz + zx + xy —33, (y + z)(z + x)(x + y) ===== 294.
Biology.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.]
1. Compare the teeth of the rabbit or beaver (a) with those of the cat or dog and  (6)  with
those of the sheep or horse.    What specializations are to be noted in each case, and what
relation exists between the kind of food eaten by the animal and its teeth?
2. Outline the life-history of the malaria parasite, or of a parasite fungus.    Show how the
parasite reproduces, how it is carried from host to host, and how it obtains its food.
Distinguish between symbionts and commensals, giving examples.
3. Compare  the processes  of  photosynthesis  and  respiration  under   the  headings:    (a)   the
chemical changes involved;   (b)  the energy changes;    (c) the cells which carry on the
.   work;   (d) the time during which these processes are carried on. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 191
4. According to the " cell theory," plants and animals are composed of cells and their products.
Describe the structure of a unicellular plant and of a unicellular animal. Compare the
two. Describe two specialized plant-cells and two specialized animal-cells belonging to
higher forms, and show how the structure in each case is related to the work performed.
5. Explain the following terms, giving examples:   (a) hormone;   (b) vitamin;   (c) geotropism,
(d) chemotropism, (e) supertonic, (/) isotonic, (g) gamete,  (h) spore.
Chemistry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.    Answer ten only.   Atomic weights are given
at the end of the paper.]
1. What connection is there between the atomic theory and (a) the law of definite proportions,
(&) the law of multiple proportions?   Explain clearly why the formula of water is HoO.
2. State the laws of  (a)  Le Chatelier,  (6)  DuLong and Petit,  (c)  Faraday, and give an
illustration of the usefulness of each law.
3. Arrange the following non-metals, O, S, Cl, Br, I, F, in order of their activity, as in the
E.M.F. series of the metals.    Give replacement reactions to justify the order of your
4. Compare briefly the chemistry of the various members of the nitrogen family  (N, P, As,
Sb, Bi) and their compounds, with special reference to their hydroxides.
5. Give the physical and chemical properties by which you would recognize   :    (a)  bromine,
(b)   nitrogen   tetroxide,   (c)   hydrogen   peroxide,   (d)   a   phosphate,   (e)   a   chloride,
(/) hydriodic acid,  (g) a sulphate,  (h) a nitrate.
6. Which hydroxides are amphoteric?    Write their formulae and give equations to show how
they   would   react  with   (a)   NaOH,   (6)   hydrochloric   acid.    Why   are   solutions   of
aluminates, alkaline and those of alums, acid?
7. Why are magnesium and zinc not found free in nature, while silver and gold are?    How
would you account for the fact that hydrogen sulphide will not precipitate zinc sulphide
from a zinc chloride solution but will from a zinc acetate solution?
8. Describe any three processes of manufacture in which electrical energy is employed in the
production of an element or a compound of industrial importance.
9. 25 grams of NaNO„ are dissolved in 1,000 grams of water.    The degree of ionization of the
salt in the solution is 70 per cent.    What is the freezing-point of the solution?
10. What weight of bromine can be liberated from a concentrated solution of potassium bromide
(excess) by the addition of 15 grams of hydrochloric acid (containing 39.1% HC1) and
an excess of manganese dioxide?
11. A solution of hydrochloric acid was found to have a normality of 1.05.    What volume of
water must be added to 500 cc. of this solution to make it exactly normal?
12. 20 grams of an alloy of zinc and copper (30% copper) were placed in a vessel containing
150 grams of sulphuric acid  (25% H„S04).    What weight of hydrogen was liberated?
xVtomic weights:   Na=23, N=14, Br = 80, Cl = 35.5, Zn=65, S = 32. Q 192 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
English Composition.    (Time, 3 hours.)
20       !• Improve each of the following sentences, and state in detail your reasons for the
changes made:—
(a.) By continuing his depredations, they were so much enraged that a party of
them resolved to go and hunt the monster.
(6.) "The Gypsy" was perhaps the most peculiar story we read.   This was
brought  about  by  the  fact  that  the  characters   and   setting  were
(c.)  One morning as Major Pendennis, Esq., sat down to his breakfast at his
club in Pall Mall, he discovered in his mail two letters of special
interest and at the same time very annoying.
(d.) I was so uncomfortable that I rolled up my sleeves so far that my arms
got sunburned, so I could hardly sleep that night,
(e.)  Once having made up his mind, you may depend upon it he will never draw
back when he has got fully started.
10       2. Write a letter to a prominent business man asking him to place an advertisement in
the next issue of your school paper.
15 3. State your opinion as to the effectiveness of the following paragraph, basing your
judgment upon considerations of unity and completeness of thought, method of
development, coherence, and any other features that occur to you:—
The aim of literary study is not to amuse the hours of leisure; it is to awake
oneself, it is to be alive, to intensify one's capacity for pleasure, for sympathy,
and for comprehension. It is not to change utterly one's relation with the
world. It is not to affect one hour, but twenty-four hours. An understanding appreciation of literature means an understanding appreciation of the
world, and it means nothing else. Not isolated and unconnected parts of
life, but all of life, brought together and correlated in a synthetic map! The
spirit of literature is unifying; it joins the candle and the star, and by the
magic of an image shows that the beauty of the greater is in the less. And,
not content with the disclosure of beauty and the bringing together of all
things whatever within its focus, it enforces a moral wisdom by the tracing
everywhere of cause and effect. It consoles doubly—by the revelation of
unsuspected loveliness, and by the proof that our lot is the common lot.
It is the supreme cry of the discoverer, offering sympathy and asking for it
in a single gesture. In attending a University Extension Lecture on the
sources of Shakespeare's plots, or in studying the researches of George
Saintsbury into the origins of English prosody, or in weighing the evidence
for and against the assertion that Rousseau was a scoundrel, one is apt to
forget that literature is first and last a means of life, and that the enterprise
of forming one's literary tastes is an enterprise of learning how best to use
this means of life. People who don't want to live, people who would sooner
hibernate than feel intensely, will be wise to eschew literature. They had
better, to quote from the finest passage in a fine poem, " sit around and eat
blackberries." The sight of a " common bush afire with God " might upset
their nerves.
55       4. Draw up a plan and write an expository essay of about 300 words on one of the
following topics:—
(a.) My opinion of the value of examinations.
(b.) The finest character I have met in fiction,
(c.) How I learned to like poetry.
(d.)  End-of-the-term feelings. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 193
English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
20       !• Write notes on five of the following passages, giving the name of the author, the
title of the poem, the context, and, as concisely as you can, the meaning:—
(a.) His are the quiet steeps of dreamland,
The waters of no more pain.
(b.) Still in the dawnlit waters cool
His ghostly Lordship swims his pool.
(c.) The devil's walking parody
On all four-footed things.
(d.) War's annals will cloud into night
Ere their story die.
(e.) We travel the dusty road, till the light of the day is dim,
And sunset shows us spires away on the world's rim.
(/.) I pleaded outlaw-wise,
By many a hearted casement, curtained red.
(g.) But I, being poor, have only my dreams;
I have spread my dreams under your feet.
13 2. Quote a poem, or a selection of at least fourteen lines from a poem, in Methuen's
Anthology. Discuss the poetical effectiveness of this quotation and show clearly
in as many ways as you can how it is characteristic of its author.
Q       3. After each of the following topics list the names of the three poems in Methuen's
Anthology that you think most clearly develop the idea:—
(a.) The ugliness of war.
(6.) The love of one's own familiar countryside,
(c.)  The romantic tale of the world.
(d.) An interest in the simple things of life.
11 4. Speaking of the short stories of Edgar Allan Poe, Canby remarks: " There is manifest a care that all the attributes of the story, characters, setting, and most of
all the style, should lend their suggestive powers to the desired effect."
What appears to you to be the desired effect in " The Masque of the Red Death "?
In about two pages, give a careful analysis of the story showing to what extent
the attributes mentioned above contribute to this effect.
5       5. (a.) Name the story (and its author) in Canby's collection that best illustrates each
of the following:—
(a.)  Suspense and mystery.
(6.) Pathos.
(c.)  A moral situation.
(d.) An age of romance.
(e.) A reminiscent mood.
8 (P-) Assign each of these characters to its story:  Hutcheon, the genius, the German
Jew,  Jupiter,  Maister John,  Amos Barraclough,   Cupidus,   Florimond  de
10 6. What scene presents the climax in the drama of Electra? In support of your answer,
outline what happens therein and show the effect on the characters concerned.
9 7. (a.) What do you understand by Dramatic Irony?
(b.) In a few sentences indicate precisely a moment in each required play at which
the effect of Dramatic Irony is clearly felt.
10 8. Briefly suggest several contrasts between Brutus and Antony as leaders of men.
By a careful analysis of the funeral orations, show the difference between their
methods with the mob.
8       9. In at least a page discuss the meaning of the title A Doll's House, and show in
detail how the idea is worked out in the play.
13 Q 194 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
French Language.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Lisez les questions avec soin.    Soulignez les mots que vous changes ou ajoutez.]
25       !• Traduction:—
(a.)  I don't think there is a man in France more ill-served than I.
(5.)  The famous author was born in the very heart of the city, quite near the
(c.) Do you think I shall ever speak French without making many mistakes?
(d.) It is said with regard to Moliere that he had no longer need to read authors,
he had only to study the world.
(e.) You told me not to talk to any of my friends about it.
10       2. Mettez les verbes en italique au temps convenable :■—
(a.) Dites a ces dames qu'elles ne s'en aller pas tout de suite.
(6.)  J'ai peine a me persuader que je pouvoir etre veritablement sa fllle;  d'autres
sauront m'apprecier.
(c.)  Autrefois les Parisiennes aller a. pied et sortir tous les jours.
(d.)  Depuis combien de temps dormir-il? je crains qu'on ne faire du bruit,
(e.)  C'est la seule usine qui produire de telles machines.
(/.)  II ne parla plus apres qu'on le convaincre de son erreur et k huit heures
precises, nous partir tous.
15        3. Composez une phrase avec chaque groupe de mots;   ajoutez-en d'autres;   faites les
changements necessaires;   traduisez en anglais.
(a.) academicien, faire, une fois elu, visite de rigueur, sous la coupole.
(b.) au jour dit, en plein air, s'amuser, grande fete, un loup.
(c.) maitres, sur-le-champ, battre, aller sur les brisfies, depouiller.
20       4-  ia-) Donnez le genre de:   terrasse, verre, montagne, academie, dictionnaire.
(6.) Pluriel de:  Le vitrail du chateau etait bleu;  ce cristal rose est un vrai bijou.
(c.) Adverbesde:  tier, prudent, nouveau, bref.
(d.)  Employez le mot convenable selon le sens de la phrase.
(1.)  Nous sommes partis de la   du marche et une heure aprSs nous
sommes revenus au meme  (endroit, place).
(2.)  Nous faisons des fautes  de frangais ■  mais  quand nous aurons
passe   en France nous parlerons bien   (quelquefois, quel que
(3.) Le jeune homme a  ■ son pere comme directeur de l'usine mais il
n'a pas encore faire fortune (reussir a, succeder &).
15       5. Donnez l'equivalent frangais des mots en italique:—
(a.)  C'est le plus beau pont du monde y compris ceux de Paris.
(c.)  Ces reunions sont toujours fort courues.
(c.) II y a, bien entendu, un grand nombre de ces usines.
id.) II y a des affiches d'un bout A Vautre du pays,
(e.) Ce critique se pique avec raison de pouvoir juger une pi&ce.
Employez le verbe devoir pour traduire:—
(a.) I owe you a visit.
(6.) He had to go to town.
(c.) They must admit the truth.
(d.) We ought to have come here,
(e.) You ought to write carefully. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 195
15       6.  (a.)  Placez les prepositions convenables s'il est necessaire, sinon mettez une croix X.
Notre galant est-il arrive •  temps?   ou  ■ retard?   et est-il alle & la
belle maison —— aller voir son amie qu'il esp&re   trouver car il
veut demander un ofncier de ses amis, s'il peut conduire
tout le monde un kilometre de la, pour pgcher la ligne pendant
plusieurs heures?
(&.) Changez les mots en italique pour des pronoms personnels:—
(1.) Les passants qui se prominent dans cette rue font des reflexions.
(2.)  C'est Pasteur qui a renouvele les sciences.
(3.)  Nous prenons des notes, en classe.
(4.)  Portez ces robes a ees dames.
(5.)  Ces valets?   lis parlent pour cette precieuse. ■  <
French Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
20       1- Commentez brievement  ce  passage   (en  anglais)   et  expliquez  les  expressions  en
italique.   Ne traduisez pas le passage et ne faites pas un re'sume du passage.
Gorgibus.—Et par oil veux-tu done qu'ils debutent? ■ ■ N'est-ce pas un procede
dont vous avez sujet de vous louer toutes deux aussi bien que moi? Est-il
rien de plus obligeant que cela? Et ce lien sacre oil ils aspirent n'est-il pas
un temoignage de l'honnetete de leurs intentions?
Magdelon.-—Ah! mon p6re, ce que vous dites-la est du dernier bourgeois. Cela
me fait honte de vous oui'r parler de la sorte, et vous devriez un peu vous
faire apprendre le bel air des choses.
Gorgibus.—Je n'ai que faire ni d'air ni de chanson. Je te dis que le mariage est
une chose sainte et sacret., et que c'est faire en honnetes gens que de debuter
par la.
Magdelon.—Mon Dieu, que, si tout le monde vous ressemblait, un roman serait
bientot fini? La belle chose que ce serait si d'abord Cyrus epousait Mandane,
et qu'Aronce de plain-pied fut marie a, Clelie!
Gorgibus.—Que me vient confer celle-ci?
Magdelon.—Mon pere, voila ma cousine qui vous dira, aussi bien que moi, que le
mariage ne doit jamais arriver qu'aprSs les autres aventures. II faut qu'un
amant, pour gtre agreable, sache debiter les beaux sentiments, pousser le
doux, le tendre et le passionm&, et que sa recherche soit dans les formes.
Premierement, il doit voir au temple, ou a la promenade, ou dans quelque
certSmonie publique, la personne dont il devient amoureux; ou bien etre
conduit fatalement chez elle, par un parent ou un ami, et sortir de la tout
reveur et melancolique. II cache un temps sa passion a Vobjet aime, et
cependant lui rend plusieurs visites, ou Ton ne manque jamais de mettre sur
le tapis une question galante, qui exerce les esprits de l'assemblee. Le jour
de la declaration arrive, qui se doit faire ordinairement dans une allee de
quelque jardin, tandis que la compagnie s'est un peu eloignee; et cette
declaration est suivie d'un prompt courroux, qui parait a. notre rougeur, et
qui, pour un temps, bannit l'amant de notre presence. Ensuite il trouve
moyen de nous apaiser, de nous accoutumer insensiblement au discours de sa
passion, et de tirer de nous cet aveu qui fait tant de peine. Apres cela
viennent les aventures, les rivaux qui se jettent <l la traverse d'une inclination etablie, les persecutions des peres, les jalousies congues sur de fausses
apparences, les plaintes, les desespoirs, les enlevements, et ce qui s'ensuit.
Voila comme les choses se traitent dans les belles manieres et ce sont des
regies dont, en bonne galanterie, on ne saurait se dispenser. Mais en venir
de but en blanc a l'union conjugate! Ne faire l'amour qu'en faisant le
contrat du mariage, et prendre justement le roman par la queue! Encore
un coup, mon pere, il ne se peut rien de plus marchand que ce procede; et
j'ai mal au coeur de la seule vision que cela me fait. Q 196 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
30       2. Traitez en frangais l'un des sujet suivants:—
(a.) Dans quelle mesure la piece (Les Prdcieuses Ridicules) est-elle une critique
des romans de l'epoque?
(6.) L'Hotel de Rambouillet et son influence.
20       3- Mettez en frangais moderne les expressions suivantes:
(a.) Je suis tombe dans la disgrace de voir une copie derobee de ma piece entre
les mains des libraires.
(6.)  Nous leur jouerons une piece.
(c.)  Ce que vous dites la est du dernier bourgeois.
(d.)  La belle chose que ce serait si Aronce de plain-pied fut marie 8, Clelie.
(e.)  lis sont incongrus en galanterie.
(/.)  Que ton pere a la forme enfoncee dans la matiere.
(g.) Venez nous tendre le conseiller des graces.
(h.) Attachez un peu sur ces gants la reflexion de votre odorat.
(i.) Le sublime en est touchfi delicieusement.
(j.) Voyez-vous pas qu'il faut le surcroit d'un fauteuil.
10       4. Traduisez l'un des passages suivants (Si le candidat traduit les deux, le premier seul
sera corrige).
(a.) O doux et grand Racine! le meilleur, le plus cher des po6tes! Telle fut ma
premiere rencontre avec vous —■— Je n'ai pas toujours parle de vous
avec assez d'admiration: je n'ai jamais dit que vous avez crge les
caracteres les plus vrais qui aient 6t& mis au jour par un poete: je n'ai
jamais dit que vous etiez la vie meme et la nature meme. Vous avez
seul offert en spectacle de veritables femmes. Que sont les femmes de
Sophocle et de Shakespeare aupres de celles que vous avez animees?
Des poup6es! Les vOtres ont seules des sens et cette chaleur intime
que nous appelons Fame.
(6.) C'est l'antique ville du Puy, s'elevant en amphitheatre sur le versant de la
montagne avec, la-haut, la Vierge immense qu'on apergoit de tout le
pays, si grande qu'un homme peut se promener a l'aise dans l'interieur
de son bras. Elle n'est pas, elle-meme, tr§s ancienne mais elle occupe
la place d'un autre sanctuaire tres ancien, car nous sommes au coeur
de la vieille Gaule. Les druides, du temps des Gaulois, ont adorS sur
ces sommets et cette espece d'Acropole auvergnate a servi de refuge
pendant des siecles aux populations menacSes par la guerre, l'invasion
ou le brigandage.
20       5. Traitez (en frangais) en une dizaine de lignes deux des sujets suivants:—
(a.)  Les vieilles danses frangaises.
(b.) Les fetes religieuses des paysans.
(o.) La foire aux bestiaux.
(d.) Les chateaux de la Renaissance.
Geometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
12       1. Sketch roughly the graphs of the following equations :-
(a.) x—y+2=0.
(b.)   (x—1)  ix—3)=0.
ic.) V'= —ix.
id.) 9x2+4y*=36. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 197
11        2.  (a.) A line segment is drawn from (—4, 2) to 4, —3).    What is its length and what
is its slope?
(6.)  Find the normal form of the equation of the line through the two points in (a),
and hence the distance of the line from (—3, ■—2).
11       3. (a.)   (3, 4), (—1, 2), (4, —3) are three vertices of a parallelogram.   Where is the
fourth vertex and what is the area of the parallelogram?
(b.) A point moves so that its distance from the X axis is one-half its distance from
the origin.    Find the equation of its locus.
11 4. Find the equation of a line which makes an angle tan-1 2 with the line x—2y=l
and which passes through the point (5, 1).
11 5. Show that the line x(l+k) ■—2/(1—fc) +1—3fc=0 always passes through a fixed point
and find this point. Also find k when the line cuts off an intercept +3m on the
X axis.
11       6.  (a.) Show how to derive the equation of the circle which has its centre at (a, b)
and whose radius is c.
(b.)  Show that y=mx-\-a\/l + m:l always touches the circle a;2+j/2.-a2.    Will the line
y=2mx + aVl+Am2 touch the circle?    Explain.
11       7. Show that the areas of similar polygons are as the squares on corresponding sides.
11 8. Points X, Y are taken in the sides BC, CA of a triangle such as BX=% BC,
CY=V, CA. If AX, BY meet at O and CO is produced to meet AB at Z, prove
11 9. Through two given points P, Q on a circle draw two parallel chords PX, QY so that
the rectangle contained by them may be equal to a given rectangle.
German Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Put into German :—
20 (a.) Hamburg, June 24th, 1930.
My dear Paul,
At last we have arrived in Germany ! Early this morning
we landed in this beautiful city after a most interesting trip. We
were very glad to get here, although we were very sorry, too, to
leave the ship upon which we had spent so many happy days.
This is the second largest city in Germany and has many fine
streets and buildings, but, of course, the most important thing to
see is the harbour with its many ships. From here we are going
to Cologne, whose splendid cathedral everyone who visits Germany
must see. Next week we shall go up the Rhine and then go on
to Munich by way of Frankfurt. I shall send you another letter
from Cologne, in which I shall have more interesting things to
With kindest regards to your family,
Your old friend,
16 (b.) Although Fritz had always thought that it would be pleasanter to
travel alone in Europe, he soon learned that their trip would have
been much less interesting if Paul's uncle had not gone along
with them. Because he knew his country so intimately, he could
help them to see and understand the things which interested them Q 198 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
most, and through him they became better acquainted with the
people and customs of the country. When they were in Frankfurt, for example, he showed them the house in which Goethe was
born and told them many things they had not known before about
the greatest poet of Germany.
18 2.  Put into German :—
(1.) He finally succeeded in writing an exercise which pleased his teacher.
(2.)  Instead of going to Berlin, they had had to stay a month at Paul's
uncle's in Munich.
(3.) Even if one is allowed to do as one likes, one ought to do what is right.
(4.) If we could only stay a year in Germany, we should know where to
spend our time.
(5.) If I had been able to go to Germany last year, I should now be able
to speak German much better.
(6.) He asked them if they were going to Berlin before they returned to
the United States.
9 3. Construct sentences using the following verbs in the third person, singular, of
the present, imperfect, and perfect tenses: fyinauffteigen; fid) erinnern;
6 4. Rewrite in the passive :—
(1.) Unfer Setter ergiit)U un§ oft biefe ©efd)id)te.
(2.) ®ie SDMufe fragen ben 33tfd)of enblid) auf.
(3.) ®er 99ifd)of §<ttte bie ii'ir uortjiit jugefdjloffen.
6 5.  Rewrite in indirect speech :—
(1.) (Sr fagte, ,,3id) fctnn nid)t gel)en, ba id) arbeiteu mu§."
(2.) ©ie anttoortete, „3id) bin fyeute ju .Spaufe gebtieben unb Ijabe uieine Strbeit
fd)on getan."
(3.) ($r enoiberte, ,,3d) toerbe ba§ morgen tun, benn id) mill ba§ ©tiicf fetjen."
25 6.  Write in German a description of a large city.    (At least 20 lines.)
German Translation.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Questions asked in German must be answered in German.^
1. Translate :—
9 (a.) ©ibfon.   21 d)—id) meine ben 3tod:—ber 9IrmeI ift ganj fatfd) etngefekt.—
SBo l)aben ©ie benn bag Sing bauen laffen ?
SJJacbonatb.    3Ba§ gel)t ©ie mein died an ?
©ibfon.    @r ift olme ©eift gemad)t, fage id) ,3l)nen—gepfufdtjt.
3Jtacbonalb (bofe).    -Botten ©ie mid) jaw beften Ijaben ?
©ibfon.    %'dUt mir gar nid)t ein — aber fri)en ©ie, lieber $err — (jeigt
auf feinen Stnjug) feben ©ie einmal ba§ an—ba§ ift gall—®efd)mad
—Sunft—-IBie—n>a§ ?
SDcacbonalb (erftaunt).    ©er SRenfd) fd)eint—(3Iuf ben Sopf meifenb.)
©ibfon.    (Sin 3Injug fann ein jufammengeflidteg ©ti'tcf $eug fein—e§
fann aber aud) ein jfrtnjlroerf fein—unb raer bag madjen fann, ift ein
Sunfiler.    3I)ren Dtocf f)at ein -pfufdjer gemadjt. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 199
9 (b.) SDiacbonalb.    ©ie Ijaben fid) guriidgegogen unb finb ben gangen Sag
nidjt roieber gum 23orfd)ein gefomtnen—ba§ mar fefir oerftdnbtg,—
I)eut fd)eint eg mir aber fefjr groeifell)aft, ob ©ie gang gured)nunggfdl)ig
finb.    (216 burd) bie 3JUtte.)
©ibfon. -Dag bin id),—bag bin id)! —ol), je£t »erftet)e id), ber funge
.Sperr mad)t feine ©page mit mir, unb id) blamiere mid).—3e|t ift
aber meine ©ebulb gu (Snbe. ®ie betben Jpdfdjer ftt-jen nod) im
Sffiirt§il)aug—id) roerbe mir erlauben, mit bem jungen |jerrn aud)
einen SBitj gu madjen. (2lb burd) bie StTiitte.)
5 (c.) (1.) (Sg Ijanbelt fid) urn eine rotdjttge Slttgelegenljeit.
(2.) Unt bid) ift mir nid)t meljr bange.
(3.) j£un ©ie mir ben ©efalten, ben 3J?enfd)en fortgufdjaffen.
(4.) ®a Ijabe id) mir etroag ©djoiteg eingebrocft.
(5.) ©ie roerben bod) mit fid) reben laffen !
8        2. SLBie fam ©ibfon af§ ©aft bei .Sperm SJlarglanb ?
3. Translate :—
8 (a.) ©iefe 2lnftd)t leud)tete oielett ein, aber eg rodre bod) unertjort geroefen,
roenn matt fold) ein erljabeneg 2Berf einem einfad)en 33reifad)er Sinb,
roie .Spang Siefrinf, t'tbertragen Ijdtte, ben jeber alg bummett 3""Sen
gefannt, ben man fo aufniad)fen fat), oljne je etroag -Befonbereg an
t^m roal)rgunet)tnen,—ja, ben man fo fiber bie 2ld)feln angefeljen unb
uerad)tet Ijatte! D?ein, eg roar fdtjoit unt beg Slnfetjeng ber <Baije
roilfen md)t gu roagen ! ©o rourbe benn .Spang Siefrinf unroiberruflid)
8 (b.) 2lber roer befdjreibt bag ©taunen beg oerfammelten 9tatg, al§ bag ©d)reiben
feine anbere, benn bie fo fdjnbbe guriicfgeroiefene 3e'd)nung eSpang
Siefriufg entl)ielt, unb SMtrer fdjrteb : ,,er fonne iljnen mit bem
beften SBillen ttid)tg ©djbnereg empfeljlen, al§ biefen (Sntrourf fetneg
greunbeg unb @d)u(erg .Spang Siefrtnf, fitr beffen oollenbete 2lu§s
fitljrung er 33£irgfd)aft leifte. (Sr begreife uid)t, roie eine ©tabt, bte
einen fold)en .ftunftler in il)rer SJHtte betjerberge; fid) nod) an aug;
rodrtige £iiitftler roenbe."
10 (c) ®a braufjen, ringg unt mid) l)er, Itegt eine gange lad)enbe, locfenbe 2Belt
im erften ©onnenglang ber erroad)enben $bee beg ©d)bnen—alleg,
roag benft unb fiil)lt, ftromt jnbelnb bem neu aufgeljenben ©eftirn gu ;
bie .Spitmaniften, bie £unftler, alleg oereint fid) im froigltcften ©d)affen,
unb bie Saiett, geblenbet uon bem uttgeroofinten Sictjt, finfen it)nen gu
giigen unb fagen ,fiif)ret uttg!' (Sin £aifer Ijat einem 2llbred)t
35iirer bie Setter gefyalten, auf ber er malte—unb ein ,f atgtjerr oon
23reifad), beffen ©taub einft bie SBtnbe nerroeljen, mifjlianbeli beffen
Steblinggfcbiiler roie einen ©d)ttft!
5 4.  Give the principal parts and the third person singular, present indicative, of the
underlined verbs.
10       5. aBarinn rootlte 9tuppad)er gtterft mit .Spang ntd)tg gu tun tiaben, unb roie l)at .Spang
bie SRatlt ettblid) geroonnen ?   • Q 200 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
6. Translate:—
9 (a.) Caroline.    (Sr roirft fie gu 93obeit!    ©ie raffen fid) auf — fie laufen
baoon — er roitt iljnen nadj — 23runl)ilbe roinft il)m, fie gefjen gu
laffen—er folgt tl)r—fie fommen ing eSpang.
Stillberg. .Spabe id) nun nid)t mit .3ted)t immer ttnrulje gel)a6t ? SSag
Sanbtjaug liegt fo einfam, etroag oon ber ©trajje ab, ringgum fret,
eg fonnte ung nod) ©djttmmerg gefd)el)en. 2lber ifjr gebt ja bte
©omnierrootmung nid)t auf, tro£ meiner SBarnungen. Unb finb roir
biefeg 3al>r ntd)t an bem fiebenten Ijerauggegogen, fo feljr id) aud)
bagegen eiferte ?    S)a Ijabt il>r nun bag Ungliid.
9 (b.) ©ctjulge (ri)rlid)).   9?ein, SJadjbar, roag man fo gefd)impft nennt ntemalg.
(Sg ift roofjt gefagt roorben: ^lir rodret eigenfinnig unb fjalSftarrig,
ilir rodret red)tl)aberifd) unb tljdtet gern bid, iljr rodret ftreitfitcljttg
unb grob—aber etroag Unredjteg liat end) niemanb bei ung nadjgefagt.
Sefjmann. ,Spm, bag rodre! 9ca fet)t, @d)ulge, fo eigentlid) fitr einen
fd)led)ten fterl feib il)r bet ung aud) nidjt geljalten roorben. 3Sir
Ijaben rool)l gemeint: %l)i rodret biffig unb ftarrfbpfig, iljr rodret
etroag bumm unb mit bem 5D?aule oornroeg, i^r rodret geigig unb
mtfjgiinftig, aber etroag (Sfjrenri'ttirigeg f;at eud) feiner oon ung
10        7. (Srgdtjlen ©ie bte @efd)id)te ron ,,(Siner mug tjteraten."
History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Answer any five questions.]
30 1- Compare the achievements of Cartier and Champlain in exploration; of Champlain
and Talon in colonization.
20 2. Describe briefly: (a) the Jesuit missions to the Indians, (6) the character and
organization of the Church in New France.
20       3. Illustrate the importance of the fur trade in Canadian history.
20 4. Sketch in your own words the chief waterways by which a trader from Montreal in
1821 might hope to reach Hudson Bay, the Pacific Ocean, the mouth of the
Mississippi, and the mouth of the Mackenzie.
20 5. Who were the United Empire Loyalists? Where and in what numbers did they
settle?   What has been their influence on Canadian history.
20 6. What led to Lord Durham's Report? What were its chief recommendations? Sketch
the struggle over these recommendations in Canada between 1839 and 1849.
20 7. Describe briefly the historical importance of three of the following: Lord Selkirk,
Joseph Howe, L. A. Wilmot, Edward Whelan, A. T. Gait, Thomas D'Arcy McGee,
Sir George Cartier, and Sir James Douglas.
20 8. Sketch the stages in the movement towards Confederation in 1867 and in the later
extension from sea to sea.
20 9. Describe the railway systems of Canada and indicate their importance, both economically and politically.
20     10- *n what ways has Canada progressed since Confederation? PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 201
Latin Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value. *
17       1. Translate:—
Quare, si propter socios, nulla ipsi iniuria lacessiti, maiores nostri cum Antiocho,
cum Philippo, cum Aetolis, cum Poenis bella gesserunt, quanto vos studiosius
convenit, iniuriis provocatos, sociorum salutem una cum imperii vestri
dignitate defendere, praesertim cum de maximis vestris vectigalibus agatur?
Nam ceterarum provinciarum vectigalia, Quirites, tanta sunt, ut Us ad ipsas
provincias tuendas vix contenti esse possimus; Asia vero tarn opima est ac
fertilis, ut et ubertate agrorum et varietate fructuum et magnitudine
pastionis et multitudine earum rerum, quae exportentur, facile omnibus
terris antecellat. Itaque haec vobis provincia, Quirites, si et belli utili-
tatem et pacis dignitatem retinere vultis, non modo a calamitate, sed etiam
metu calamitatis est defendenda.
(a.) Account for the case of quanto, vos, Us, terris, vobis;  the mood of defendere,
exportentur, antecellat.
(P.) Justify (briefly) Cicero's use of propter socios in reference to the Punic wars.
14       2. Translate:—
lam quantum consilio, quantum dicendi gravitate et copia valeat, in quo ipso
ihest quaedam dignitas imperatoria, vos, Quirites, hoc ipso ex loco saepe
cognostis. Pidem vero eius quantam inter socios existimari putatis, quam
hostes omnes omnium generum sanctissimam iudicarint? Humanitate iam
tanta est, ut difficile dictu sit, utrum hostes magis virtutem eius pugnantes
timuerint an mansuetudinem victi dilexerint. Et quisquam dubitabit, quin
huic hoc tantum bellum permittendum sit, qui ad omnia nostrae memoriae
bella conflcienda divino quodam consilio natus esse videatur?
(a.) Account for the case of quantum, consilio, memoriae;  the mood of dilexerint,
(P.) Explain the reference in 7ioc ipso ex loco.   What is the subject of sit?
(c.) What and where was Caieta, Cyzieus, Numantia?
14       3. Translate:—
Reliquum est, ut de Q. Catuli auctoritate et sententia dicendum esse videatur.
Qui cum ex vobis quaereret, si in uno Cn. Pompeio omnia poneretis, si quid
eo factum esset, in quo spem essetis habituri, cepit magnum suae virtutis
fructum ac dignitatis, cum omnes una prope voce in eo ipso vos spem habi-
turos esse dixistis. Etenim talis est vir, ut nulla res tanta sit ac tarn
difficilis, quam ille non et consilio regere et integritate tueri et virtute
conficere possit. Sed in hoc ipso ab eo vehementissime dissentio, quod, quo
minus certa est hominum ac minus diuturna vita, hoc magis res publica,
dum per deos immortales licet, frui debet summi viri vita atque virtute.
(a.) Account for the mood and the tense of poneretis;  the mood of essetis, possit;
the case of vita,
(b.) What was the other objection advanced by Catulus and (very briefly) how did
Cicero answer it?
(c.) Who was Gabinius, Hortensius, Medea?
10       4. Translate:—
his ego nee metas rerum nee tempora pono;
imperium sine fine dedi.    quin aspera Iuno,
quae mare nunc terrasque metu caelumque fatigat,
consilia in melius referet, mecumque fovebit
Romanos, rerum dominos, gentemque togatam.
sic placitum.   veniet lustris labentibus aetas,
cum domus Assaraci Phthiam clarasque Mycenas
servitio premet ac victis dominabitur Argis. Q 202 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
(a.)  State two causes of Juno's hostility towards the Trojans.
(6.)  Explain the reference and the implication in domus Assaraci.
(c.) Where was Phthia?   Why is it specifically mentioned here?
20       5. Translate:—
' Vade age, nate, voca Zephyros et labere pennis,
Dardaniumque ducem, Tyria Karthagine qui nunc
exspectat fatisque datas non respicit urbes,
alloquere, et celeres defer mea dicta per auras.
non ilium nobis genetrix pulcherrima talem
promisit, Graiumque ideo bis vindicat armis;
sed fore, qui gravidam imperiis belloque frementem
Italiam regeret, genus alto a sanguine Teucri
proderet, ac totum sub leges mitteret orbem.
si nulla accendit tantarum gloria rerum
nee super ipse sua molitur laude laborem,
Ascanione pater Romanas invidet arces?
quid struit? aut qua spe inimica in gente moratur
nee prolem Ausoniam et Lavinia respicit arva?
naviget: haec summa est; hie nostri nuntius esto?
(a.) Explain the reference in nate, mea.
(b.) Account for the mood of mitteret, naviget; the case of nostri, nuntius.
(c.)  Scan, with comments, the lines beginning Vade, exspectat, naviget.
10       6. Translate:—
huius in adventum iam nunc et Caspia regna
responsis horrent divum et Maeotia tellus,
et septemgemini turbant trepida ostia Nili.
nee vero Alcides tantum telluris obivit,
fixerit aeripedem cervam licet, aut Erymanthi
pacarit nemora, et Lernam tremefecerit arcu;
nee qui pampineis victor iuga flectit habenis
Liber, agens celso Nysae de vertice tigres.
(a.) By whom, and to whom, are these lines spoken?
(&.)  Explain the reference in huius, Alcides, Lernam tremefecerit arcu.
(c.) Account for the epithet pampineis; the mood of pacarit.
(d.) Where was Maeotia tellus?
5        7. Translate:—
salve, magna parens frugum, Saturnia tellus,
magna virum:  tibi res antiquae laudis et artis
ingredior, sanctos ausus recludere fontes,
Ascraeumque cano Romana per oppida carmen,
(a.) Explain the reference in sanctos recludere fontes, Ascraeum, carmen.
10       8. Within about a page give an account of either the career of Pompey or the life and
the works of Virgil.
Latin Prose Composition, Sight Translation, and Roman History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A. Latin Prose Composition.
45       1- Translate into Latin:—
(a.) Do not think that it is possible for us to injure our country without injuring
(6.) I am afraid that they cannot help thinking that we have not wished to
help them. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 203
Value. ,
(c.)  So far were we from injuring you that we urged the soldiers to spare you.
(d.)  How happens it that you have never been informed that the city has been
taken by the enemy?
(e.) The Senate passed a resolution that all should be present at daybreak.
(/.) He told us so many falsehoods that no one believed him when he was
speaking the truth.
(g.) They said that they had not gone away against their will.
B. Translation at Sight.
35       2. Translate into English :—
Post haec mala Carthaginienses a Regulo duce, quem ceperant, petiverunt, ut
Romam proficisceretur, et pacem a Romanis obtineret, ac permutationem
captivorum faceret. Ille Romam cum venisset, inductus in senatum, nihil
quasi Romanus egit, dixitque se ex ilia die, qua in potestatem Afrorum
venisset, Romanum esse desisse. Itaque et uxorem a complexu removit et
senatui suasit, ne pax cum Poenis fieret: illos enim fractos tot casibus spem
nullam habere; se tanti non esse, ut tot milia captivorum propter unum se
et senem et paucos, qui ex Romanis capti essent, redderentur. Itaque
obtinuit. Nam Afros pacem petentes nullus admisit. Ipse Carthaginem
rediit, offerentibusque Romanis, ut eum Romae tenerent, negavit se in ea
urbe mansurum, in qua, cum Afris serviisset, dignitatem honesti civis habere
non posset.    Regressus igitur ad Africam omnibus suppliciis exstinctus est.
C. Roman History.
20       3. Write a brief note on eight of the following:   Lavinium, Numa, nobiles, Veii, Vestal
Virgins, Trebia, delenda est Carthago, Terence, Rubicon, Varus.
4. Write a note (half a dozen lines) on each of the following:  Social war, Mithradates,
Silver Age.
Physics.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Answer question 1 and any seven of the remainder.]
Q 1. (a.) How many seconds would it take an engine pulling with a force of 2 tons more
than friction to get a 600-ton train from rest up to a speed of 60 miles per
hour on a level track?
5 (P-) A jackscrew operated by a lever-arm 3 ft. long has 4 threads to an inch.
Neglecting friction, what will be its mechanical advantage and what load
can be lifted by a force of 10 lb. at the end of the lever-arm?
5 (c.) At 2 cents per kilowatt-hour, what would it cost to run a 1-horse-power motor
continuously for a year?
4       2. (a.) Write a short note on the acceleration of a body which is moving with constant
speed in the circumference of a circle.
4 (P.) The standard pressure of a gas is 76 cm.   Express this in dynes per sq. cm.,
given that the density of mercury is 13.6 gm. per cc.
4 ic.) Draw a simple diagram of a common pump with the piston moving upward and
show on the diagram the distance which may not be more than 34 feet.
6 3.  (a.) How do we explain the phenomena of gas-pressure and Boyle's Law with the
help of the molecular theory?
6 (P-) A certain steel wire when stretched with a weight of 10 kilograms is found to
have a vibration frequency of 250. What tension would be needed to make
it give a note an octave higher? How could we calculate the frequency of
a brass wire of equal diameter and under equal tension? Q 204 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Value. ,
6 4. (a.) State Doppler's Principle. If the horn of an automobile has a frequency of
250 per second, what will be its apparent pitch to an observer as the automobile is approaching him at a speed of 80 ft. per sec?
6 (b.) 40 gm. of ice at 0° C. and 8 gm. of steam at 100° C. are added to a 150-gram
copper caloiimeter containing 400 grams of water at 20° C. Find the
resulting temperature.    (The specific heat of copper is .09.)
Q       5.  (a.)  Find the number of calories in one B.T.U. and the latent heat of fusion of ice
in British units.
O (b.) Write a note on the efficiencies of different types of heat-engines.
Q 6. (a.) A convex lens has a focal length of 10 cm. An object is placed within this
focal length and its image is found to be 12 times as high as the object.
Calculate the position of the image and draw the usual diagram.
6 (6.) What is the theoretical value of the magnifying power of the above lens?   How
would you find it by experiment?
Q       7.  (a.)  Describe with diagrams the formation of a primary rainbow.
(J (&.)  Write a note on spectrum analysis, showing how it enables us to determine the
presence of different elements in the sun.
6 8. ia.) What are the properties of lines of magnetic force? Show how this conception
of lines of force is used in the study of dynamos.
6 (6.)  Given that the resistance of a platinum wire 1/1000 inch in diameter and 2 ft.
long is 60 ohms, what length would have a resistance of 100 ohms if the
diameter is 2/1000 inch? What would be the effect of a change in temperature?
Q 9. (a.) Explain the action of a simple voltaic cell. With references to the electron
theory, discuss the statement of the text that " the hydrogen ions migrate
towards the copper plate and give tip their charges to it."
Q (b.) Draw a diagram showing some of the transformations in a modern electrical-
power system. Why must the current be alternating and why are all these
transformations made?
Trigonometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[N.B.—Sufficient data are appended in the table.]
15        1. (a.) Prove cos (180 +A) =-cos A.
(b.) Find all the values of A between 0° and 360° such that
sec2 A + (1 - n/I) tan A - 1 - JX = 0.
(c.)  Sketch the graph of -y = sin x and also of y = cos x (two figures), as x ranges
from  0"  to  360°.     Mark   an   ordinate   on   each   graph   to   show   that
sin (270 + A) ===== - cos A.
15        2. In any triangle prove :—
(a.)      a    = -—=  ,°    =2R.
sin A    sin B    sin C
,, >  ,      A-B    a-b     , C
(b.) tan =  cot —.
V   ' 2 a+b        2
(c.) a (b cos C - c cos B) = b2 - c2.
. _        o   /   \ r>        sin 2A + sin 3A       , A
15 3.  (a.) Prove =cot —
; cos 2A - cos 3A 2 PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 205
(b.) Prove 2 sin x + tan x = -	
cosec x
(c.) If r is radius of the inscribed circle, and rv r.
2, r3 are the radii of the escribed
circles remote from A, B, C, respectively, prove ,J + -1
4. In a circle of radius 10 in. a chord is drawn which subtends at the centre the
angle 42° 18'. Find the difference in the length of the chord and of the arc
on which it stands.
5. Given a = 6.44, 6 = 2.21, C = 84° 36', find A, B, c and the area using logarithms
6. A and B are two consecutive milestones on a straight road running due North.
From A a spire is observed to be N. 19° 27' W., and from B the bearing of
the spire is N. 75° 57' W. Find the shortest distance from the spire to the
7. A hemispherical bowl, centre C,  radius r, rests with its  lowest point O on a
horizontal plane.    It is tilted until the line CO makes an angle 6 with the
vertical.    Prove that the height of O above the plane is now 2r sin2 -.
10 8. Given the data in the accompanying diagram, show that x =
(b sec a - to) sin fi
cos (a + /3)
log sin
log COS
log tan
log cot
2.97556 Q 206
Greek Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. Translate :—
eVetSi) Se Kvpos e/caAet, Xaf3utv ipdc eVopevo/Miv, Iva, et Tt. SeotTo, tiitptXoirjv avTov
dv6' &v ev eiradov vtt' Ikuvov. e?ret Se vpels ov [iovXetrOe o'v/jiiropevecrdai,
avayKTj S?J fioi rj vpds irpoSovTa ti) Kvpov c/>tA.ta ■^prjo'Oai rj wpb<s CKelvov
t^evtrapevov peO' vpQtv tevat. et pXv Brj St/cata Troiycto ovk ot'Sa, alprjcopat
S'ovv vp,ds, Kal trvv o ti av Sey TvelaopaL. Kal oviroTt epet oijSets ws eyd>,
'EXXrjvas dyaytov ets tovs f3ap(3dpovs, irpoSoi"} tous 'EAA/iivas ttjv t£>v
J3apj3dp(i)v tfnXtav etX6p.i)v, d.XX' eVet vy-eis ipol ov OeXeTe TreiOe&dai, ovSi
eVeix^at, <lyct) trvv vp.iv ixj/opai Kal o tl av Seii iruo' vopi(ixi yap vpds epol
eivai Kal iraTpiSa Kal <j>lXov<s Kal o-vppdt^ovs, Kal cruv ptev av oipat, etvai
Tipioi 6'vtou av St, vpatv Se epypoc div ovk av i/cav6s etvat olpai ovt' av c6t'A.ov
totjieXrjtTai, ovt' dv e\6pbv dXe^ao'dat.
(a.) Account for the mood of dttfttXolrjv, irotyo-o), Sey ; the case of TrpoSovTa, tpiXta,
(b.) dv iKavds.    Account for the use of av; the case of t/<avbs.
2. Translate:—
«ai ot pev ovoi, e?ret Tts StiuKot, -irpoSpapovTes eo-rao-av iroXv yaprtuv 1'inriov tTpey^ov
BaTTov ko-1 7raXcv, e7ret 7rA.-r/trta^otef ot tV-rot Tai'rov e-iroiow, ko.1 ovk -qv
Xapelv, et prj StacrravTes ot t7r;rets Orfputev SiaSe^opevoi rots tV.TOts. ra Se
Kpka Ttav aXuTKopevatv j)v TrapaTrXyjtria rots iXatbewis, atraXtoTepa Se.
o'Tpovdbv Se oi'Sets eAa/^ev ot Se Stw^avres twv i-n-iriotv Ta^u eVaiWro- ttoXv
yap diretnra tttevyovtra, Tots /xev jrocrt dtpoput, rats Se irrepv^iv atpovtra, cotrirep
urria -^potpivy.
(a.)   Account for the mood of Sttoxot, 6ypi2ev;  the case of l-rnrtitv, iirireiDv.
(b.) Write the principal parts of erpe^ov,, -^piopevy.
3. Translate :—
'OpdvTas Se, IIepo-T?s dvyp, yeVet re ttpotrqKtav [iacriXti Kai Ta TroXepta Xeyo/xevos
ev rots aptiTTOts LTepo-wv, eirif3ovXev€i Ki'pw, «at Trpotrdev TroXtpytra^,
KaTaXXayel<s Se. oijros Kiipu) etVev, et avTijj Sot?-/ tTrireas ^tAto^s, 6Vt tods
ttpoKaTaKawvTa<s t7T7reas fj KaTaKavoi dv eveSpeiVas ?'} ^aivTas ttoXXovs ai'Ttw
av eA.ot /cat KtoA.ijiTete tov Kat'etv eTTtovras, Kat 7rotr/cretev aicrre p-yjiroTe 8vvao-9ai
avTovs t'Sovras to KvpoiJ tTTpaTevp.a j3ao-iXel StayyelXai.. Tip Se Kijpw
aKoijcravTt TavTa eSo/cet dttpeXipa eivai, Kal eKeXeixrev ai'TOV Xapfidveiv pepo<s
Trap' CKatrTov twv ?)ye/xdvo)V.
(a.)  Account for the case of yevet, to. iroXepia, e^tdvTas, itpeXtpa.
(b.) et aijTtp Sot??    KaTaKavoi dv.    W7rite in Greek the direct form for these
five words.
(c.) In three or four lines state the outcome of this incident. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 207
4. Translate:—
14 errata  FauAtTTis Trapdv, tpvyd<s Saptos, vtio-tos Se Ki5pa>, eeire, Kal pyv, Z Kvpe,
Xeyovvl Ttves on TroAAa virio"^vel vvv Sta to ev toiovto) etvat, tov klvSvvov
vTpocrtoFTOs' av Se ei5 yev»rrat Tt, ov pepFi)iTecrt9at ere c^acrtv eVtot Se oi58', et
pttuvyb Te Kat /3ovXolo, Svvatrdat dv aVoSoiivat ocra -uvTicr^vet. a/vroijo-as raiiTa
eAe^ef 6 Kopos, ctAA' eo"Tt pev yplv, & avSpes, 1) o-PXV V ""aTpwa 7rpbs pev
petTTip/Sptav pe^pt ot> Sta Kavpta oi SvvavTai otKetv dvBpuytroi, irpbs Se dpKTOV
pe)(pt otj Sta xetpwva- ri S' ev pecra tovtcov vTavra craTpaTrevovtriv ot tov
ipov dSeX<f)ov tpiXoi. r\y S' ypels vt,Ky<jotpev, i)pas Set tods yperepovs tftiXovs
Tovrtitv eyKparets jroi7]o"ai. (Sore oi' toCto SeSoiKa pi) oijk e'^io 6' Tt 8(3
6Kao"T(o tgjv tplXixiv, dv eu ykvtyrai, dXXa py ovk e'x<o tKavous ois S<3. vpStv
Se tojv 'EAArJvtov Kat tTTetpavov tKatrrip xpucrorv Sdjtrco.
2 (a.) Write the principal parts of u7rto-xvet, aKoi!o-as.
2 (6.) Account for the case of KtvSuVou,
1 (c.) What is the subject of Set?
3 (d.)  Account for the mood of vtKrjcrtopev, yeviyrat, e^a).
5. Translate :—
8 0"y_eSbv  S'  bVe ravTa yv  Kal r/Atos  eSveTo.     ivTavda S'  eo-Tijcrav  oi 'EAA^ves Kat
t9epevot Tct 6VAa ave7rauovro- Kat dpa pev l6avp.a£ov oti oiSapov Kijpos
tftaivoiTO, ov8' aAAos air' avTov ouSets irapely ov yap yJSetxav airrbv TeQvyKoTa,
aXX' etKa^ov y StojKOVTa oiy^etrdai, y KaTaAiii^opevoV ti itpoeXyXaKevai- Kat
aiJTOt kfiovXevovTO, et aiJToi! petravTes to. o-Kevotpopa evTavda ayoiVTO y
dVtotev eirt to o"TpaT07reSov. e'So^ev aijTOts aVtevar Kat dtpiKvovVTai dpttn
Sopiryo'Tov evrt Tas tTKyvas.
1 (a.) Is eo-TTjo-av the first aorist or the second aorist?    Give the reason for your
3 (b.) Account for the mood of c-WvotTo, ayotvTo ; the tense of KaTaXyxpbpevbv.
1 (c.) Wrrite the principal parts of a<ptKvo{jvTai.
1 (d.) Describe briefly the situation which confronted the Greeks on their return to
the camp.
4 6.  (a.) Describe carefully the position of Cunaxa, Ephesus, Issi, Maeander, Miletus,
Tarsi.     Give the date of Cyrus' Expedition.
8 (b.) Within   about   a   page   either  give an account of the battle of Cunaxa or
describe the character of Cyrus as portrayed by Xenophon.
Greek Grammar and Composition, and History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
3 I.  (a.) Decline in the singular :  Kpeas, /3ovs, opvts.
'  3 (b.) Decline in the plural: [3a.criXevc, lyQvs, dvr/p.
6 (c.) Decline throughout :  vars, Tptypys, eyw.
3        2. (a.) Decline in the singular (all genders): ySvs, peyas.
3 (b.) Decline throughout (all genders) : y&ttov.
2 (c.) Compare : peyas, kokos, acrcpaAijs, StKauos.
12 3.  Write the principal parts  of yiyvtotrKto, €\(o,  XavOdvw, ptpvijo-Kw,  Svvapai, opdw,
tftalvti),  yiyvopai. Value.
4        4. (a.) Write the third singular of the following: aorist subjunctive passive of Xvto ',
future indicative active of tpalvto; pluperfect indicative middle of Xetiri»;
present indicative active of tpypL
4 (b.) Write the first plural of the following: second aorist subjunctive active of
St'Scopt; second aorist optative active of to-njpt; present optative middle
of Ttpdot; imperfect indicative active of SriAdto.
8        5. Write a short sentence in Greek to illustrate each of the following :—
(1.) Genitive absolute.
(2.) Dative of the possessor.
(3.) Predicative accusative.
(4.) A present contrary to fact conditional sentence.
(5.) A past general conditional sentence.
(6.) A conditional relative sentence.
(7.) One use of 7rptv.
(8.) One use of the verbal adjective.
6. Translate into Greek :—
4 (1.) But the king would never praise me if I should wrong his friends.
4 (2.) Let us deliberate, fellow-soldiers, whether it is necessary for us to pro
ceed by land.
4 (3.) I shall delay in order that the messengers may fear that we shall not
make the truce.
4 (4 ) We are in doubt whether to burn the ships which we have made.
4 (5.) They perceived that the light-armed foot-soldiers had sacked the village.
4 (6.) He said that it would have been well if they ha,d done this.
4 (7.) Cyrus planned that he might not be in his brother's power.
4 (8.) They saluted Orontas, although they knew that he was being led   to
20 7.  Write a concise note (about two lines on each) on any twenty :—
Aegospotami, Arbela, Ariadne, Aristophanes, Aristotle, Chaeronea, Corcyra,
Delian League, Elgin Marbles, Epaminondas, Helots, Hermes, Hippocrates,
Long Walls, "medizing," Miltiades, Nausicaa, Nicias, Olympiad, Pentelicus,
Phidias, Pindar, Pnyx, Rhodes, Septuagint, Simonides, Solon, Stoicism,
Theocritus, "wooden walls." PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 209
Matriculation Course, Home Economics (A).
Poods and Cookery.
Part I.     (Time, 30 minutes.)
Total, 50 Marks.
I. Some of the following statements are true and some are false.    Place a plus  ( + )  sign in
front of those you think are true, and a zero  (0)  sign in front of those you think are
Do not Guess.
Example :    (+) Apples are rich in pectin.
( 0 )  High school students should go without breakfast.
1. Overripe fruit makes the best jelly.
2. Cabbage should be boiled for 40 minutes.
3. Shredded wheat biscuits are composed of the whole-wheat grain.
4. Dinner-napkins should be placed at the left of the forks with the open edges at the
top and left.
5. Soup should be taken from the tip of the spoon to prevent spilling.
6. Uncooked cereals which are sold in bulk are more economical to buy than packaged
7. A can of peas, No. 2, usually costs more than a can No. 4.
8. Too much mixing toughens pastry.
9. The cost of food can be decreased by increasing the amount of cereals in the diet.
10. The most satisfactory method of making beef broth is to sear the meat and then
place in cold water, gradually bringing it to the boiling-point.
11. The greater the amount of connective tissue, the tougher the meat will be.
12. The final beating in making a butter cake should not exceed 2 minutes.
13. It is economy to save the jar rubbers for canning from one season to another.
14. The use of Certo in making jams should be discouraged.
15. For a small family it is economy to buy young carrots in quantity.
16. Milk should always be placed on the top shelf of the refrigerator to prevent the
absorption of odours.
17. A water ice is made with a custard basis.
18. Water surrounding custards while baking should be kept below the boiling-point.
19. Yeast plants grow best at a temperature between 75°-90° F.
20. Cream for whipping should contain 15% fat.
21. In deep-fat frying, should the fat catch fire, it is best to pour water over it.
22. In canning, one is confident of killing spores if the temperature is raised to boiling-
23. Canning by the pressure cooker is a great saving of time.
24. A banana with black spots on the skin is unfit for eating.
II. Below is given a series of statements each of which is completed in three or more ways.
Underline the one you consider correct.
1. Fruit juices jell when the following are present :—
(1.) Acid and sugar.
(2.) Acid and pectin.
(3.) Acid, sugar, and pectin.
(4.)  Sugar and pectin.
2. For the purpose of keeping canned fruit it is necessary to :—
(1.) Sterilize it.
(2.) Use sugar.
14 Q 210 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.    ■
(3.)  Destroy and exclude micro-organisms.
(4.) Use a jar with a wide mouth.
3. Sanitary kitchen walls should be finished with:— . .
(1.)  Light wall-paper.
(2.)  Water paint.
(3.)  Rough plaster.
(4.)  Oil paint.
4. Mazola is obtained from:—
(1.) Cotton-seed.
(2.)  Barley.
(3.) Corn.
(4.)  Rye.
5. We knead bread before putting it in the pans:—■
(1.)  To make it light.
(2.)  To distribute gas bubbles.
(3.) To improve the flavour.
(4.) To increase the growth of the yeast plants.
6. A good rule to observe in buying meat is to spend:—
(1.)  Less than you do for fruit and vegetables.
(2.)  Same amount as for eggs.
(3.)  More than you do for bread.
(4.) None at all.
7. When it is necessary to remove crumbs from the table before the dessert is served it
is best to use:—•
(1.)  A brush and tray.
(2.)  A napkin and plate.
(3.) A metal scraper and tray.
(4.)   A knife and plate.
8. The chair at the dining-table should be placed directly in front of the cover with the
front edge of the seat:—
(1.) Even with the edge of the table.
(2.) Three inches under the edge of the table.
(3.)  Entirely under the table.
(4.)  Three inches away from the edge of the table.
9. The most desirable way of cooking chuck meat is:—
(1.)  Frying.
(2.) Pot-roasting.
(3.)  Oven-roasting, using no water.
(4.)  Broiling.
10. Gummy jelly is caused by:—
(1.)  Too much pectin.
(2:) Over-cooking.
(3.)  Under-cooking.
(4.)  Too much acid.
11. Fondant should be cooked to the:—
(1.) Soft-ball stage.
(2.) Crack stage.
(3.) Thread stage.
(4.) Hard-ball stage. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 211
12. It is advisable to have a flour of high gluten content in making :—
(1.)  Pie crust.
(2.)  Cake.
(3.) Yeast bread.
(4.)  Muffins.
13. Muffins are made tough by :—■
(1.)  Too much fat.
(2.)  Too much beating.
(3.) Too hot an oven.
(4.) Too much liquid.
14. Fat which has been used for deep-fat frying is clarified by the use of:—
(1.) Bread cubes.
(2.) Cooked potato.
(3.) Raw potato.
(4.) Raw egg-white and shell.
III. Fill in the blanks with one word which completes the statement.
1. A chicken is a bird than one year old.
2. Fish has connective tissue than meat.
3. Cold water, when added to gelatin,  it.
4. One tablespoon of gelatin will stiffen of liquid.
5. Extractives add to meat.
6. Meat should be seared at degrees E.
7. The latest research advises baking muffins at degrees F.
8. Pastry should bake at degrees F.
9. One cup of rolled oats should be added to cups boiling water.
10. One cup of sour milk requires tsp. baking-soda to neutralize the acid.
11. In pasteurizing milk it should be heated to degrees P.
12. The sugar which we find in milk is called	
Part II.    (Time, 1% hours.)
Total, 50 Marks.
[Note.—Answer questions I. and II. and any other two questions.    Four questions
are considered a full paper.]
3       I.  (1.)  Distinguish between sauteing and frying;   boiling and broiling;   roasting and
8 (2.) What instructions would you give a housewife as regards the care of:—
(a.) The sink.
(6.)  The ice-box.
(c.) The silver.
(d.)  Garbage.
II. The following is a home dinner which is to be prepared on a gas-stove for a family
of five:—
Round Steak Baked Potatoes.
(Lower round). Creamed Onions.
Deep Apple Pie. Whipped Cream.
Bread. Butter.
Coffee. Q 212
(1.)  Give the order for preparing the various dishes for the above meal so that
everything will be ready on time.
(2.) Give the steps in the preparation of each dish with standard proportions where
(3.) By a drawing, show the main course placed on the table for serving, together
with one individual cover.
(4.)  State your procedure in clearing the table after the main course.
III. (1.)  Name three ways of forming carbon dioxide gas.
(2.)  Explain clearly the action of any one when used as a leavening agent in a flour
IV. In the process of the manufacturing of flour, explain the following:—
(1.) The first break.
(2.) The endosperm.
(3.) The bran.
(4.) The germ.
(5.) Bolting-cloth.
(6.) Graham flour.
(7.) Whole-wheat.
V.  (1.)  What are the three working surfaces in a kitchen?
(2.) What should be the relation of each of these areas to each other?
(3.)  How can you test the proper height for working surfaces?
VI. Discuss :—■
(1.)  The cash-and-carry system versus the credit-and-delivery.
(2.)  Instalment-buying versus the save-to-purchase plan.
Give advantages and disadvantages.
Nutrition and Physiology.
Part I.     (Time, 30 minutes.)
Value, 50 Marks.
I. Some of the following statements are true and some are false.    Before those that are true
place a plus ( + ) sign;  before those that are false place a zero  (0) sign.
Do not Guess.
Example:    ( + )  1. Bread contains gluten.
(0)2. January is the season for strawberries.
1. Sugar is a valuable source of calcium.
2. Plain cup-custard is rich in tissue-building foods.
3. Carbohydrates are the cheapest source of energy.
4. Starch is digested and absorbed more quickly than sugar.
5. Sweet foods sharpen the appetite.
6. Cellulose is not digested in the body.
7. The body burns its own tissues when the food requirement is not met.
8. Adequate food protects the body from excessive fatigue.
9. When a person is sleeping there is no expenditure of energy.
10. A high percentage of fat in a meal increases the rate of digestion.
11. Excessive emotion is harmful to the digestive processes.
12. Glucose is a sugar which is always in liquid form. PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 213
Beefsteak is the cheapest form of protein.
Scurvy is easily prevented by using fats.
Glycogen is stored carbohydrate.
Sex is more important than age in determining the food requirement.
Yellow root vegetables contain Vitamin A.
The oxidation of food takes place in the lungs.
One gram of protein when oxidized will yield 9 calories.
Sugar acts as roughage in the digestive tract.
Exercise has little to do with the calorie requirement.
The enzymes aid in peristalsis.
The amount of protein required varies according to the work of the individual.
Butter is a valuable source of Vitamin C.
The periosteum envelops the lungs.
the blanks below with the one word which completes the statement.
Starch is stored in the as	
 is a part of all body tissues.
The internal organs of the body are controlled in general by the	
nervous system.
Nerve fibres which carry impulses outward are called fibres.
That part of the brain which is the seat of sensations is called the	
Carbon dioxide is excreted from the body by means of the	
The upper cavities of the heart are called the	
The muscular action in the intestines is called	
In the heart there are valves.
The carries the bright red blood from the heart.
Disease germs in the body are killed by means of the	
When the plasma gets outside the capillaries it is called	
There are four kinds of teeth,   (1) ,   (2) ,
(3) ,  (4) ,	
Mumps is a swelling of the gland.
Bones of adults are more brittle than those of children because they contain a larger
percentage of matter.
The largest bones in the body are in shape so as to give
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(    )
(   )
(   )
(    )
(    )
(   )
(    )
(   )
(    )
(   )
(   )
II. Fill in
17. The third inner coat of the eye is called the	
18. The voice-box is called the	
19. The average high-school girl has a daily food requirement of calories.
20. Astigmatism is a form of trouble in the	
21. Olfactory nerves are connected with the sense of	
Part II.    (Time, 1% hours.)
[Note.—Answer questions I. and IV. and any two others.    Four questions will be
considered a full paper.]
Value, 50 Marks.
16       I- A student has eaten a lunch consisting of macaroni and cheese, lettuce and pear
salad, Graham muffins, baked apple, and a glass of milk.
(1.)  Trace its passage through the digestive tract, noting the physical and chemical
changes  that take place before it  is  utilized  by  the  body.    Specify  the
digestive juices with their enzymes and their relation to the above changes. Value.
10      II.  (1.) What is the normal temperature of the body?
(2.)  What part does the skin play in helping to maintain this temperature:
(3.)  An anasmic child feels the cold very keenly.    Explain the reason.
(4.)  Explain the cause of a chill.    What should be done for a person suffering from
a severe chill?
10    HI.  (1.) Give an effective emergency treatment for any three of the following:  A scald,
a faint, a sprained ankle, choking, nose-bleed.
(2.)  Discuss your method of preparing and applying  (a) a linseed poultice;   (6) a
mustard plaster.
IV. Two girls in a family aged 15 and 17 years have both dietary problems.    The first
one is definitely overweight and wishes to reduce, and the other is as seriously
underweight and must plan to gain.
6 (1.)  Outline a day's menu for both girls with the least possible extra work for the
'1 (2.)  Give in calories the amount of each special dish that each girl should eat.
4 (3.)  Show how your menu has fulfilled the requirements of an adequate diet in each
3 V.  (1.)  On what basis does one judge the protein requirement of an individual?    If one
has a total food requirement of 2,500 C, how many should be protein?
4 (2.)  Compare eggs and cereals as sources of protein, explaining which you think
preferable and why.
3 (3.) When too much protein is eaten, what is the result?
5 VI.  (1.)  What dietary deficiency causes the following:   Ansemia, diabetes, constipation,
rickets, scurvy?
5 (2.)  Make a list of foods (at least four) to be used in correcting the above conditions. PART III.—APPENDICES.
Q 215
Matriculation Course, Home Economics (B).
Applied Art.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Drawings of the year to be placed in a folder and laid on your desk. These will be
collected and marks awarded.
1. Make a design for an embroidered cushion, rectangular shape, 12" x 18". Scale
of drawing to be 8" to 1 ft. (that is 8" x 12"). Run a simple border 1" wide
around this area and fill the remaining panel with a conventional design based
on the subject " Spring Flowers." Show detail of stitchery to be used and colour
one-quarter of the cushion.
15 2. Given—wall elevation of a bedroom facing north, with arm-chair, cushion, and
window-curtains. Trace outline in pencil and fill in with suitable colour-
Clothing and Textiles.
Part I.    (Time, 30 minutes.)
Total, 30 Marks.
Complete the following statements by filling in the blanks with suitable words:—
1. The first step in removing the flax fibres from the flax stalks is called	
2. The fibre showing joints or nodes in its structure is called	
3. The value of wool is greater than that of wool.
4. Piece-dyed material is not generally as satisfactory as	
5. A straight piece of material may be made to fit a square neck if you	
the corners.
6. Joins in a true bias should be on of the goods.
7. Spun silk is manufactured from silk.
8. The longest fibre is ;  the shortest is	
9. In cutting printed material one must look carefully to make sure it has no	
and	 Q 216 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
10. If we wish to have horizontal lines give height we must place them..
11. The shoulder seam should be a little back of the top line of the shoulder if the person
12. The basis of choice of colour in dress should be colouring.
13. Exposing the ears in hair-dressing makes a face appear	
14. The oblique line in the contour of a hat is not suited to a person with	
15. Cotton before spinning is in the form of	
16 is used in the manufacture of rayon.
17 cotton has the longest fibres.
18. The fibre with the least affinity for dye is	
19 burns slowly and with an unsteady flame.
20. Vegetable fibres are destroyed by	
21. The becomingness of a colour is modified by the	
22. Lavender should not be worn by a person with a complexion.
23. The formation of a wrinkle from the shoulder-blade to the hip of a dress shows that the
person is	
24. Velvet should be pressed by	
25. Linen is suitable for wear in a climate.
26. Rinso is suitable to use in washing	
27. Light-coloured clothing is than dark-coloured.
28. Javelle water will remove stains from materials.
29. Clothing can be made to last longer if we:—
Part II.    (Time, 1% hours.)
[Answer five questions, making a choice between the second and third.]
Total, 70 Marks.
15       1. Show by written directions and illustration how to make a bound button-hole on a
coat.    Be sure to cover all the following points :—
(a.) Location of button-hole in relation to the front edge of coat.
(&.)  Size of button-hole.
(c.) At what stage in the tailoring of the coat should the button-hole be made?
(d.) Construction of the button-hole.
10       2. Write a brief account of the history of textiles from earliest times, paying special
attention to the inventions relating to the manufacture of textiles.
10       3.  (a.)  In the selection of fabrics, of what importance is a knowledge of the different
kinds of weaves?
(6.) Classify the following as to weave:   Sateen, Turkish Towelling, Gabardine,
Linen Crash, Pillow Tubing, Gingham, Poplin, Linen Damask, Marquisette,
Cheese-cloth, Cotton Crepe, Corduroy.
15       4. Explain fully how you would deal with each of the following:—
(a.)  Correct a neck-line in a woollen dress which has become stretched in the
making and is therefore too large for a collar of the correct size.
(&.) Press a flared skirt. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 217
(c.) Prepare a skirt for commercial pleating when it is to be attached to the
bodice at the hip-line, and is to have full-depth pleats.
(d.)  Find the location of the shoulder-seam on a sleeve if it is not shown on the
sleeve pattern.
(e.)  Cut two sleeves from material with a right and a wrong side, when they
must be cut separately.
15 5. Four of the most important characteristics of fibres used in the manufacture of
textiles are: elasticity, length, hygienic quality, and affinity for dye. Apply each
of these characteristics to the five common textiles and point out in particular
what influence they have on the finished cloth.
15       6.  (a.)  Give three good reasons for keeping a budget.
(b.) What are the most important points controlling the cost of clothing for the
girl living on her own salary?
(o.) What divisions would you make, and what percentage would you allow each
division, in making a complete budget for a girl who has had a course in
Home Economics in High School (both Foods and Clothing) and is now
employed in an office at $75 a month and has no other source of income? Q 218 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Third-year Course, Commercial.
Accountancy Practice.    (Time, 3% hours.)
[Note to Examiner.—Please provide each candidate with 3 sheets of 2-column journal paper
and 2 sheets of standard ledger paper.]
16       1. The following transactions occurred in the wholesale business of Davis and Johnson
Co., Ltd.    Make journal entries to record these transactions properly.
(a.)  May 5.   Shipped ten one-hundred pound sacks of sugar, invoiced at $10.50
per cwt., to Jones and Jones, Revelstoke, via C.N.R. Express C.O.D. plus
charges for collection of Vs%-
(b.)  Made a donation to the Red Cross from stock, of goods valued at cost price
(c.) A draft drawn on W. J. Jones for $310, which we had discounted, was
returned unpaid.    The bank allowed a rebate of 37 cents.
(d.) The Trust and Guarantee Co. sent a cheque for $230.68, in full settlement of
our claim against Brown and White.    The settlement is at the rate of
32 cents on the dollar.    Make your entry so as to close out the account
of Brown and White.
14 2. A, B, and C are equal partners in a wholesale business, with assets and liabilities
as follows at December 31, 1929: Merchandise, $194,000; Accounts Receivable,
$34,000; Bills Payable, $16,000; Real Estate Buildings, $70,000; Real Estate
Land, $44,000; Accounts Payable, $18,000; Bills Receivable, $10,000; Mortgage
Payable, $12,000; Store Fixtures and Furniture, $30,000; Office Furniture and
Fixtures, $6,000 ; Cash, $18,000.
They have organized a corporation with a capital stock of $400,000 to take over the
partnership business, the new company taking over the assets and assuming the
liabilities. Each partner is to receive for the value of his interest in the partnership an equal value in the stock of the corporation at par and another $10,000 of
the same for Good-will. The balance of the stock has been subscribed for. Make
the entries to open the books of the corporation.
8 3. (o.) Harvey & Co. have kept their books by Single Entry, but wish you to open a
Double Entry set for them. From their records you are able to prepare the
following list of Assets and Liabilities. If all entries are to be put through
the Journal and Ledger, make the opening Journal entries for them.
Cash, on hand       $350.00
Merchandise as per Inventory   18,600.00
Bank of Toronto, on deposit      7,400.00
Plant, Inventory Value of Machinery   14,400.00
Bills Receivable, Notes on hand   13,600.00
Office Furniture, as per Inventory     1,000.00
Real Estate, valuation  14,400.00
R. Brown, personal account  .,       272.00
R. J. Wills, personal account         174.00
Mortgage Payable :  5,600.00
Bills Payable, Notes outstanding   27,400.00
R. J. Walker & Co  360.00
J. B. James & Co  840.00
4 (P-) How would you ascertain the profit or loss made by Harvey & Co. for the
current year? PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 219
13 4. Browne and Fitzpatrick were partners, Browne investing three-fifths of the Capital
and Fitzpatrick two-fifths. How much did each partner invest, if at the end of
the first year the books showed the following accounts, besides those of the two
partners: Merchandise (Inventory), $9,400; Accounts Payable, $9,250; Real
Estate (debit), $25,000; Cash, $3,750; Bills Payable, $7,120; Mortgage Payable,
$16,000; Accounts Receivable, $5,680; Interest due others, $144; Bills Receivable,
$4,800. Their net loss was $8,684. Show the partners' accounts at the end of
the period.
5. From the following Trial Balance and supplementary data, prepare:—
8 (a.)  Trading Statement.
14 (b.)  Profit and Loss Statement.
16 ic.)  Balance Sheet.
Dandby & Kendrick—Trial Balance as at December 31, 1929.
Debit Balances—
Cash   $3,744.00
Accounts Receivable   45,890.00
Delivery Equipment   6,200.00
Furniture and Fixtures   10,780.00
Inventory January 1, 1929  14,120.00
Bills Receivable    15,352.00
Sales Returns   7,780.00
Purchases   288,489.20
Freight Inward   7,037.00
Warehouse Labour   2,004.00
Salesmen's Salaries   4,430.00
Advertising   1,744.00
Freight Outward   632.00
Office Salaries   5,238.00
Postage    164.00
Office Supplies  232.00
Legal Expenses   170.00
Office Heat and Light   424.00
Sales  Discounts   :  4,612.00
Interest Paid   286.00
Telephone     34.00
Insurance  1,000.00
Rent   4,400.00
General Expense  148.00
Commissions on Sales   700 00
Credit Balances—
Reserve for Bad Debts  $768.00
Reserve for Depreciation on Delivery Equipment   240.00
Accounts Payable  :  48,440.20
Bills Payable  17,000.00
Sales  316.670.00
Purchase Returns   5.428.00
Interest  Earned   262.00
Purchase Discounts  6,082.00
J. R. Dandby (Capital)   10,780.00
G. L. Kendrick (Capital)   20,000.00
$425,670.20 Q 220 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
Supplementary Data : Inventory December 31, 1929, $26,520; Stationery on hand,
$70; Postage on hand, $34; One-fourth of advertising to be applied to next
year; warehouse labour of $260 due and unpaid; Interest accrued on Bills
Receivable, $142; on Bills Payable, $94; Rent prepaid, $200; Reserve for
Depreciations, 10% of Delivery Equipment; 10% of Furniture and Fixtures;
Reserve for Bad Debts, 1% of Net Sales. Profits are divided, Dandby %,
Kendrick %.
8       6. Write up in proper form the Sales Ledger Controlling Account from the following
particulars.    Show the balance at the end of the month.
June   1.   Balance     $21,740.00
June 30.   Sales on Credit      21,865.00
June 30.  Rebates allowed customers          610.00
June 30.   Cash received from customers      11,980.00
June 30.   Customers' Acceptances       8,760.00
June 30.   Interest on Notes not paid when due  26.00
June 30.   Drafts dishonoured          840.00
June 30.   Sales Discounts          184.00
June 30.   Purchases made from customer  36.00
Accountancy Theory.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Note to Examiner.—Please furnish each candidate with examination cap and 1 sheet of
standard ledger paper.]
1. A merchant who has been keeping a record of his business transactions in three
ledgers (General, Sales, and Purchase) has been advised by the auditor to
introduce Controlling Accounts in order that he may successfully divide the
work of keeping the books.
5 («•) Briefly explain how the introduction of Controlling Accounts will permit the
successful division of the work.
9 (P.) Define:   Subsidiary Ledger;   Self-balancing Ledger;   Adjustment Account.
15        2. Explain clearly how you would show the following on a Balance Sheet:—■
(a.) Provision for doubtful accounts.
(o.)  Office stationery on hand at closing,
(c.)  Delivery equipment depreciation reserve..
(d.) Interest paid to us in advance,
(e.)  Office Salaries due, unpaid, and not recorded in the books.
7 3. (a.) Name two ways in which a company differs from a partnership, and outline
five advantages that a company has as compared with a partnership.
9 (P.)  Outline  clearly   the  difference  between   Authorized   Capital   Stock;    Paid-up
Capital Stock;  and Subscribed Capital Stock.
3       4. («.) What is meant by merchandise shipped on consignment?
3 (P-) What entry is made in the books of the consignor when goods are shipped on
4 (c.)  What entry is made in the books of the consignee when goods are received on
consignment ?    Why ?
18       5. The B.C. Exporters (head office, Vancouver) have a branch at Victoria.   Each office
keeps a separate set of books.   The following transactions occurred during May.
Write up the Branch Account as it would appear in the head office books and
bring the balance down. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 221
May    1.   Victoria commenced business with the following investments from Vancouver :   Merchandise, $12,000;   Cash, $2,000;   Delivery Equipment,
$4,000;  Real Estate, $20,000.
Vancouver remitted Victoria, $1,000.
Vancouver paid Victoria Accounts, $1,300.
Victoria remitted Vancouver, $2,000.
Vancouver shipped Victoria merchandise which cost $1,200.
Victoria paid accounts for Vancouver, $600.
Victoria returned merchandise to Vancouver, $400.
May 31.   End of company's financial year.    Loss of Victoria branch for period of
operation, as per Victoria's Profit and Loss Account, is $1,250.
15 6. Distinguish between: (a) Real Account and Nominal Account, (6) Proprietor's
Capital Account and Proprietor's Current Account, (c) Deferred Charge and
Accrued Liability, (d) Preferred Stock and Common Stock, (e) Prime Cost and
Factory Cost.
13 7. A company operating under the trade-name of the Fernie Department Store decides
that each of the departments must show a profit or be discontinued. Up until
the present time the sales and purchases have not been classified, but in future
the sales and purchases of the seven departments of the store are to be kept
separate. Rule up a form for the Purchase Book, using the names of any seven
departments you think that such a store might have.
Arithmetic, General.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[Note.—The first seven questions and two of the last three constitute a full paper.]
4 1.  (a.) What are the English measurements approximately equivalent to the following
metric units:   metre;   litre;   stere;  kilogram?
3 (P-) What are  the approximate values  in  Canadian  money,  at  present rates  of
exchange, of the following monetary units: (a) the French franc; (6) the
German mark;  (c) the American dollar?
5 2.  (a.) A person spends one-third of his income, saves one-fourth, and pays away five
per cent, of the whole income as interest at eight per cent, on debts
previously incurred, and then has $1,100 remaining. What was the amount
of his debts?
4 (P-)  What is the property of a person whose income is $11,400, when one-twelfth of
it is invested at 2% ; one-half at 3% ; one-third at 4%% ; and the remainder
pays him no dividend?
12 3. A reservoir measures 24' 9" long, 9' 4" wide, and 7' 6" deep. It is desired to fill the
reservoir to within 4" of the top. This is done by means of a pipe through which
water runs at the rate of 12 gallons a second. How long would it take to raise
the water to the necessary level if the reservoir already contains water to the
depth of 1' 8", assuming that there are 277.2 cubic inches to a gallon?
12 4. A railway company decides to construct a fence along both sides of its right-of-way
from one station to another, the stations being 4% miles apart. Posts are set
8' apart. A board 4" wide and 1" thick is placed along the bottom of the fence,
while along the tops of the posts runs a scantling 2" by 4". There are six strands
of wire. If the posts cost 27%c. each, lumber costs $24 per M., and wire costs 8c.
a pound, find the cost of the materials required to build the fence. (Allow 16%'
of wire to the pound.) Q 222 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
13        5. A man purchases a house for $6,000.    He pays $1,200 in cash, and agrees to pay the
remainder in four equal annual payments of principal and interest.    If money is
worth 7% per annum, find the amount of each annual payment.
12 6. On February 1 a speculator ordered his broker to buy for his account on a margin
of $20 a share 120 shares of Noranda mining stock which was listed at $39.50.
On March 18 he gave a selling order when the stock was quoted at $41.25. If the
broker charged %% both for buying and for selling, as well as 7% for the use of
the money he advanced in making the purchase, find the speculator's loss or gain
on the transaction.
12 7- A merchant buys goods to the value of $1,200, subject to a discount of 2% if paid in
ten days. He has only $S11 in cash, but the bank agrees to discount his 30-day
note at 7% drawn for such an amount that the proceeds will just make up the
difference between the net amount of the invoice and the cash on hand. He
accepts the banker's offer.    Find:—
(a.)  The face of the note;
(b.)  The merchant's net gain by taking advantage of this method of paying the
12 8. A, B, and C form a trading company for one year, investing $3,000, $2,000, and $1,000
respectively, and agreeing to share net gains or losses in proportion to their
average investments. A is appointed manager at $60 a month, and B secretary
at $30 a month, but it is agreed that these salaries are to be reduced as the capital
invested is reduced. After six months A withdraws and turns over the managership to C, while two months later B withdraws and C becomes secretary as well
as manager.    How would the year's profits of $1,150 be divided?
12 9- A merchant in London sends a prepaid shipment of 5,000 yards of cloth to his agent
in Montreal, invoiced at 6s. a yard. The cloth is subject to a duty of 20%, the
value of £ 1 being $4.85 on the day the goods were cleared. The cloth is sold at
$2.60 a yard on a commission of 3%. After deducting the duty, his commission,
and drayage charges of $31, the agent is instructed to invest the net proceeds in
apples at $6 a barrel, his buying commission also being at the rate of 3%. How
many barrels was he able to buy?
12      10. A teacher requests a senior typing student to prepare a graph showing the results
of his six months' instruction.    The student finds that the total number of words
written on his various tests was as follows: 484, 512, 542, 588, 640, and 662, while
he has made 8, 7, 10, 6, 7, and 4 errors, respectively, on the tests.    Assuming that
each test was of ten minutes' duration, and that a penalty of ten words was
deducted for each error, prepare a simple graph showing:—
(a.) The gross rate per minute on each test;
(b.)  The net rate per minute on each test;
(c.)  The "wastage" in speed due to the student's inaccuracy.
Arithmetic, Rapid Calculation.    (Time, 30 minutes.)
[Note.—Candidates are to be supplied with working-paper, but answers must be handed in on the
actual examination paper. These answers are to be collected at the end of 30 minutes,
when the second paper will be distributed.]
25 !• Tne following figures show the sales in each department of a store throughout the
week. Add vertically and horizontally, showing the gross sales for the week in
all departments. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 223
A. B. C. D. E.
Monday   $1218.60 $2137.45 $1745.43 $1816.91 $1324.56
Tuesday   1097.26 1895.34 1645.41 1765.23 934.78
Wednesday ..  897.35 1976.35 1475.38 1583.45 1356.34
Thursday   . 923.67 1754.76 1647.92 1634.67 1542.09
Friday   1176.12 1578.13 2109.34 1567.12 1437.34
Saturday   1452.56 1874.39 2398.67 J.890.65 1705.54
7        2. Find the number from which if 13675 be taken the remainder will be 45209 less 27645.
7        3.  (a.)  Find the H.C.F. of 444, 592, and 703. Ans	
7 (6.)  Find the L.C.M. of 15, 26, 39, 65, 180. Ans	
7       4. (a.) Reduce to its lowest terms:   ------5- Ans	
3 too
7 (b.)  Find the square root of 622521. Ans	
10       5. Simplify:  (3% — 2^)-=-% of % Ans
2%-*-(% + %)
8 6. If V, of an estate be worth $1,500, what is the value of % of the same estate?
15       7. Find the value of the following shipment:—
ia.)  12600 lb. of wheat at 90c. a bushel 	
(6.) 32000 lb. of potatoes at 72c. a bushel 	
(c.)  46220 lb. of corn at 69c. a bushel 	
(d.) 56180 lb. of barley at 56c. a bushel 	
7        8. What single discount is equal to a series of 20%, 10%, and 6%%?
100 Ans	
Business Correspondence.    (Time, 2 hours.)
5        1. Give the meaning of the following abbreviations:  a/s;  et al.;  memo.;  shipt.;  l.c.l.;
c.f.i.;   P.Q.;   D.L.S.;   M.E.;   ital.
5 Give  the meaning of the  following  terms  and  use  them  correctly  in  sentences:
annuity,   carte   blanche,   demurrage,   hypothecate,   moratorium,   locum   tenens,
syndicate,  subpoena,  voucher,  turnover.
5 Rewrite these " hackneyed " expressions:   " according to our records " ;   " contents
carefully noted " ;   " enclosed herewith " ;   " in reply wish to state that " ;   " we
take pleasure in sending you herewith."
6 2. Why is a knowledge of filing necessary in a business office?
12 Discuss each  of the following systems,  showing their  relative  merits:    Shannon,
Vertical, Alphabetical, Numerical, Direct Name. Q 224 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
4       3. Of what value are "Form" letters?
12 Write a " Form " letter for each of the following:   (1.) Appreciation for a cheque in
payment of goods. (2.) A notice to a customer that goods ordered are not in
4       4. Why do some customers fail to pay promptly?
4 How is money collected from " slow-paying " customers?
12 W. M. Cutter & Sons, Nelson, B.C., were sold a bill of groceries by the Western
Grocery Co., New Westminster, B.C. The sellers have sent the buyers a statement and three letters calling attention to the fact that the bill has not been paid.
After the third letter the buyers state that they have not received a bill, and ask
for an itemized statement. A fourth letter is written to accompany the itemized
statement.   Apply the principles of collection letters and write the four letters.
10       5. A business man has to give a series of short talks to a group of business men, each
talk to be not longer than ten minutes.    You are his stenographer and he asks
you to make brief outlines from his notes to be used as references.   Make a short
plan for each of the talks on the following subjects:—
(1.) The tone of a business letter.
(2.)  Getting attention and arousing interest.
(3.)  Persuading a prospect to buy.
(4.)  News value in letters
(5.)  Giving personality to letters.
4 6. Into what classes do claims fall in adjustment letters?
5 How would you deal with each class?
10 The following is a very firm, courteous, and definite example of a claim letter.    Write
just as strong a letter in reply.
We regret exceedingly that we are obliged to ask you to cancel the balance
of our order No. 155 for 28, 34, and 75 Men's Leather Gloves and Gauntlets.
We have just received the first shipment and the goods are not at all satisfactory. The gloves which you sent us are not the class we care to handle.
They are not the correct merchandise for our trade.
We are very sorry we are obliged to do this, but the goods do not come up to
the sample or to our expectations.
Very truly yours,
Commercial Geography.    (Time, 2 hours.)
5       1. Show how coal and iron have been responsible for the industrial development of the
Temperate Regions?
5 What has retarded industrial and agricultural development in the interior of Asia?
12       2. Compare the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia in regard to the following:
Agriculture;  Fishing;  and Lumbering.
14       3. Name the six most important mineral products of British Columbia.    Draw a sketch-
map of British Columbia and indicate their regions of production.
12       4. Canada has made great strides in commercial aviation.    Describe these advances.
What are the commercial possibilities for aviation in British Columbia?
10       5. " Vancouver has everything in her favour for development as the greatest port on
the West Coast of North America.    Discuss this idea in detail. PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 225
12       6. Name at least two important areas of production of sugar, cotton, asbestos, coffee,
rubber, copper.
Trace the main trade route from the chief shipping port of these products to any
port in British Columbia.
10 7. Write short notes on British Columbia and its relation to the Panama Canal, the
Great Circle, the Peace River District, Brazil, the Canadian Transcontinental
12 8. What are the advantages of water-power over coal and petroleum? Why is the
St. Lawrence Waterways Scheme important in this respect? What development
has taken place in water-power in British Columbia?
8       9. At Trail, B.C., a mining and smelting company is producing a superphosphate fertilizer.    Show the importance of this to the Prairie Provinces.
Commercial Law.    (Time, 2 hours.)
11       1. (a.) Define consideration.
(6.)  State whether or not the following promises would be sufficient to support a
(1.) Mr. and Mrs. Brown lodge, feed, and arrange for medical attention
to a boy called John Smith, who has just arrived from a long sea
voyage. After the boy has recovered, and when he is about to
leave the Brown home, Smith and his father promise to give Mr.
and Mrs. Brown $150.
(2.) E. White receives a subpoena from a Court requiring his presence as a
witness at a certain trial. C. Black is very desirous that White
be a witness at his trial and promises to pay him $25 if he will
(3.) A rich man called Henry Samuel Wilson promises the parents of an
infant that he will give the infant $5,000 if they will call him
Henry Samuel.    They do so.
6       2. Explain what you mean by a negotiable instrument.    State four kinds of negotiable
13 3. A man has a fairly large general store and is conducting it as a private business.
Give four arguments which you would use to persuade him that it would be to
his advantage to form a Limited Liability Company.
8 4. A buys a machine from B for $1,000 and pays $200 cash, promising to pay the remain
ing $800 in six months. At the time the bargain is entered into C guarantees
in writing to pay the $800 in case A should default. What liabilities has C
assumed?   What are his rights, if any, under this contract?
10 5. What is a chattel mortgage? Where must it be registered? When? What must
accompany the registration? What is the legal position of a man who has a
chattel mortgage and fails to register it?
10 6. Explain the meaning of the following terms: " Power of Attorney"; Personal
Covenant in a mortgage" ;  "Innocent Holder for Value" ; "Overholding Tenant."
9 7. State and explain clearly three ways in which an agency may he created.   Give
examples if necessary.
10       8. Explain the difference between a Savings Account and a Current Account.
15 Value.
12 9. State one possible advantage and three disadvantages of a partnership.
13 10. Who may take advantage of the Mechanics' Lien Act?   When and how must they
take advantage of the rights accorded them under the Act?
Shorthand Dictation.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[To the Presiding Examiner.—Three hours are to be allowed the candidates from the time that
the dictation is finished. Provide candidates u-ith plain white letter paper, or books, for
transcripts; and with foolscap, or stenographers' note-books, for taking notes. Notes may
be taken with either pen or pencil. Transcripts may be either pen-written or typewritten.
The teacher of the candidates may diotate the selections, and may be given the material
fifteen minutes before dictating, so that he may prepare the timing of his dictation.
Important.—The teacher's dictation must be closely checked for time; and he must be
positively stopped at the end of the fifth minute on each selection.]
JTo the Dictator.—The dictation must be at a uniform rate of speed with close attention to the
quarter-minute marks and with watch in hand. The material must not be read, nor any
word in it mentioned, prior to the actual dictation. Allow three minutes after each section,
in order that candidates may review their notes and recover from the tension of a five-
minutes' take.]
[To the Candidates.—Candidates will hand in three transcripts—A, B, and C. Each transcript
should begin on a separate page. Shorthand notes must be handed in. Examination number
must be placed on each separate sheet.]
(Eighty words per minute.   Syllabic intensity not exceeding 1.5.)
The information of the agencies is given out in three forms : (1) Daily sheets containing mention
of all new (%) incorporations, bankruptcies, failures, and new business establishments;
(2) a quarterly register or directory (%) of the name, capital rating, and credit rating of
every individual and firm in the United States and (%) Canada occupied in mercantile,
financial, or industrial calling; and (3) special confidential reports furnished (1) upon
request to subscribers, concerning any specific business house. Every precaution is taken
(i/4) against the use of these reports for purposes not legitimately mercantile. They are
carefully detailed (%) summaries of the character, history, ability of the individual in
question; his wealth and debts, social (%) standing and habits; and a general expert
opinion as to the extent to which his credit is good and the proper (2) manner of approaching him. The report is intended to put together significant facts, from which the experienced
(Vi) credit man can build up his own impression.
The general directory contains the names of all firms doing any (%) important business in the
United States, arranged by States and cities, with an assigned rating for each firm. One
(%) agency publishes the names and addresses, etc., of 1,300,000 firms and corporations.
These are (3) frequently changed by additions, obliterations, and other altered ratings, but
every effort is made to keep them up (%) to date.
Naturally, this material is impartial, and it is now largely prepared with the active assistance
of (%) the houses which are being rated. Houses wish to establish an accurate rating
upon going into business, (%) especially where their dealings are in distant markets. In
this way the commercial world is dependent upon the responsible agency. (4)
The two ratings given in the quarterly rate book are the capital rating—an estimate of the
amount of the (%) capital invested; and the credit rating—an estimate of the degree of
confidence which can safely be granted (%) to the given firm or individual. These ratings
'are the final judgment of the agency's experts, and that they are usually (%) sound may
be surmised from the confidence placed in them by the entire business world. The capital
rating is the opinion (5) of the commercial value of the assets. " B."
(One hundred ivords per minute.)
The protection of forests from fire is undoubtedly the most urgent and most important part of
the work of the different agencies administering forest lands (%) in Canada. In the case
of the Dominion Government, this duty falls chiefly on the Forest Service of the Department
of the Interior for all Dominion (%) Crown timber lands, whether within forest reserves
or not. Certain officers of the various forest authorities are appointed ex-officio officers of
the Board of (%) Railway Commissioners and are responsible for fire protection along
railway lines. These guards co-operate with the railway fire rangers employed by the
various (1) railway companies, the compulsory patrol of all lines throughout the country
being a Dominion law. Other Dominion legislation regulates the use of fire for clearing
(Yi) and other legitimate purposes and provides for closed seasons during dangerous
Each of the Provincial Governments maintains a fire protection organization which co-operates
with (%) owners and licensees for the protection of all timbered areas, the cost being
distributed or covered by special taxes on timber lands.
An interesting development (%) in this connection in the province of Quebec is the organization
of a number of co-operative protective associations among lessees of timber limits. (2)
These associations have their own staffs, which co-operate with those of the Board of
Railway Commissioners and the Provincial Government. This latter contributes in the (%)
way of money grants and also pays for the protection of vacant Crown lands lying within
the areas of the association's activities.
The most important (%) single development in forest fire protection in late years has been the
use of aircraft for the detection and suppression of incipient forest fires, (%) constituting
a measure of prevention rather than a cure. Where lakes are numerous flying boats can
be used both for detection and for the transportation (3) of fire-fighters and their equipment
to fires in remote areas.
Where safe landing places are few, land machines are used for the detection and (%) inspection
of fires only. The aircraft are equipped with wireless and can report the exact location
of a fire as soon as it has been detected. (%) These aircraft can be used incidentally for
exploring remote areas and mapping them by means of aerial photography.
As a general rule aircraft are used (%) in the more remote districts, while lookout towers
connected by telephone lines and equipped with wireless are established in the more settled
and more (4) travelled forest areas. While these agencies have to a large extent supplanted
the old canoe, horseback and foot patrol for detection of fires, a large (%) ground staff
with its equipment stored at strategic points will always be necessary for the fighting of
larger fires and the maintenance of systems of communication (%) and transportation and
of fire lanes and fire guards in the forest.
The most important improvement in forest fire fighting equipment has been (%) the portable
gasoline fire pump. These pumps, which weigh a little over a hundred pounds, can deliver
efficient water pressure three or four thousand feet.  (5)
" C."
(One hundred and twenty words per minute.)
If I can appreciate my honourable friend's position in this matter, he is very desirous of protecting both the investors and the consumers in a reasonable and fair way. (%) But I cannot
quite agree with his view as to the amount of power likely to be used in Canada. I find that
he bases his estimate largely on (Vz) that made last July by the power commission.
That eomml'->ion estimated that some 40,000 horse-power would be adequate for Canadian
consumption. But one of the members of the (%) Ontario commission has told us to-day
that 120,000 horse-power has been applied for in Ontario, and that, to a very large extent,
that power would (1) be derived from Niagara Falls.
How is the minister going to ascertain which estimate is correct? Yet that is an important
matter to determine before the government grants any licences.  (%)
Suppose a company invests several millions in developing power at Niagara Falls with the
intention of shipping the surplus to the United States. If that company has the assurance
(y2) of being able to ship 100,000 horse-power to the United States during ten years, it Q 228 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
knows what it is doing, and it builds its lines accordingly. (%) Its customers likewise
know what they are going to receive, and they know further that at the end of that period
the probability is that this surplus supplied to them (2) will be required by the Canadian
consumers and they will be no longer able to get it.
But if the right to ship power to the United States may be (%) taken from that company at
any moment, the situation is altogether different.
It seems to me that it is of paramount importance that a definite period should be fixed within
(%) which the right to export could be exercised, and that time should be sufficiently long
to enable the company to recoup itself for the cost of its transmission lines to (%) the
United States and the shipment of that power.
That is also of importance from the point of view of the purchaser. Suppose there be no period
fixed and the (3) company offers to sell to American manufacturers. The first question the
purchasers will ask will be: For how long a period can you supply us with this power?
And the (%) inability to give such a guarantee may prevent the company from doing any
business on any kind of a favourable basis.
If these licences may be cancelled at any moment (~y2) at the will of a minister, then the
company cannot fail to be at a very serious disadvantage. Governments change and so
do ministers, and the minister of to-morrow may (•%) come to the conclusion that all the
power developed is required in Canada, although his predecessor may have held quite a
different opinion.
If I had a power plant, (4) I would much rather have the right to export a limited amount of
power within a fixed period than the right to export a larger amount and be subject to (%)
the possibility of having my licence revoked at any moment. Therefore, I think that before
finally deciding on an important clause of this kind, we should consider it from every point
CY2) of view, and with the greatest possible care.
Suppose, for instance, a man has invested his money in a power plant and then offers to sell
to an American consumer. (%) The American consumer refuses to purchase unless the
other will contract to give him his supply during a certain number of years. What, under
such circumstances, can the minister do? (5).
Stenographic Practice.
(Time-limit for transcription, 1 hour.)
(Eighty words a minute.   Syllabic intensity, 1.5.)
Letter 1.
Mr. James Wilson,
Nanaimo, B.C.
Dear Sir:
At your request we are mailing you to-day our latest catalogue of (%) " Wearever"
Aluminium. The special articles you mention will be found listed on pages 14, 20, and 35. (%)
We shall appreciate your order for any of these.
Very truly yours,
Letter 2.
Bates Furniture Co.,
217 Eighth Avenue West,
Calgary, Alberta.
We are surprised to have your (y±) complaint about lot No. 279 Mahogany Veneer Dining-
room Suite, your order No. 643.
There is always, (%) of course, a certain possibility of veneer chipping, and for that reason
we take extra precautions in (%) packing such merchandise in special crates.
If you will return the damaged pieces to us, we will examine them for (1) blemishes which
might have caused the chipping.
Yours sincerely, PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 229
Letter 3.
Chamber of Commerce,
Vancouver, B.C.
Dear Sir:
We should appreciate it if you would put us in touch with (14) some firm in your city that
is financially responsible, progressive, and generally a live-wire organization, (%) to take up
the sale and distribution of the Ajax Carburettor in your city and surrounding towns, preferably
(%) a battery or electric service station, or a good, live automobile accessory dealer.
Preparatory (1) to putting on a national advertising campaign, it is necessary for us to
obtain a desirable (%,) and permanent connection for the distribution of our product.
We shall appreciate very much your courtesy (%) in the matter.
Yours very truly,
Letter 4.
Messrs. David Finley & Son,
Maple Grove Avenue,
Hamilton, Ontario.
In times like these, when the country (14) is struggling to do a large amount of business on
a limited supply of capital, it is important from the (V2) standpoints of both buyer and seller
to keep credit from being frozen up in nonliquid book accounts.
The trade acceptance (%) puts such accounts into liquid form. For this reason banks, the
foremost business organizations, and progressive firms (1) in general, favour their extended use.
Enclosed is a trade acceptance covering your invoice of November 17. (%) With the
acceptance is a statement of some reasons why it is a good thing to use this method of settling
accounts. (%)
All that is necessary is to write across the face of the acceptance the date, your name, and
the name of the bank (%) where the acceptance is to be paid on the due date, and return it
to us.
Will you be good enough to co-operate (2) with us in easing the general pressure on credit
by adopting the acceptance method?
Yours very truly (%,)
Letter 5.
President of the Privy Council,
Ottawa, Canada.
I notice that the criticism has been passed that (,4) considerable attention has been devoted
to disputes between railway companies, rather than to matters (%) affecting the public interest.
These disputes, however, generally relate to matters which are necessary (%) to be
determined in order to facilitate the construction of new lines, or to matters which affect the
safety (1) of the public, and in both these classes of cases it is important, in the public interest,
that the disputes should (%) be settled without too much delay.
The board has also initiated proceedings for the consideration of several (%) subjects of
an important nature upon which it expects in the near future to make such orders or regulations
(%) as may seem to be within the powers of the board, and to be needed in the public interest;
and it may be obliged (2) to ask for the interference of parliament either by direct legislation
or by adding to the powers of (%) the board.
We have also asked the Minister of Justice to give us legal assistance for the purpose of
investigating (%'') the positions of the telephone companies and the express companies, over
which we have been given jurisdiction. (%)
I have the honour to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Chief Commissioner. Q 230 PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT, 1929-30.
[To the Presiding Examiner.—This examination shall be conducted in accordance with the
rules for International Typewriting Contests. Part A shall be double-spaced. Twenty
minutes will be allowed for typewriting this part and any student completing the section
before the end of that lime will begin again at the first. At the expiration of twenty
minutes the speed work, Part A, shall be placed in the envelope provided for the same.
An interval may be allowed for preparing the typewriter for the Tabulation Work, Part B.
Twenty minutes shall be allowed for the completion of this part.]
Part A.
75 The hand loom weaver was greatly attached to his calling and stuck to it when work
was very intermittent and badly paid: but soon after the Commission had reported,
it became obvious that he was engaged in a useless struggle, and that power
weaving must win the day. As it came more and more into use the transformation
of the clothing trade became complete. It ceased to be a great industry which gave
employment for great varieties of highly specialized skill, and was transformed
throughout into a series of processes of production by machinery.
During the whole course of the industrial revolution there was a decided feeling among
many of the labourers that machinery was their enemy, diminishing their opportunities of employment and bringing about a reduction in their wages. This feeling
found expression in many ways; sometimes in such riots as those in which the
Yorkshire shearing frames were destroyed, and sometimes in proposals to impose
legislative restrictions on the use of machines, so as to bring them to a level with
hand work, and prevent them from doing the work more quickly or more cheaply
than it could be done by hand. This latter suggestion rested on the old fallacy
that employment is a limited quantity, and that efficiency of every kind is an evil,
since it leaves less work to be done, and therefore less scope for employment at the
old work on the old terms.
Under ordinary conditions this is a quite mistaken and, in any case, it would be a
narrow-minded policy to pursue. Whatever the interest of a particular trade may
be, the interest of the general public is best secured by efficiency. When goods
are made more quickly and more cheaply wants are supplied on easier terms.
These are benefits which accrue to consumers generally, and in case of articles of
common consumption like clothing the working classes, collectively and individually, gain by increased efficiency and greater cheapness of production.
But this gain is sometimes so very slight and distant, that it is absurd to point it out
as a consolation to a man who loses employment because his work is done better
and more cheaply by a machine.
At the same time the rates of pay for weaving were miserably low. This may,
conceivably, have been indirectly due to the possibility of having recourse to power
weaving, but it was also a reason why the new invention was introduced so slowly.
When wages were very low and the expense of production by hand was small, it
was not worth while to run the risk of purchasing and setting up expensive
machinery. It was not advantageous to do this unless the margin of probable
profit was considerable. There was reason to doubt whether power weaving would
be generally introduced after all. It did not seem likely to be less expensive than
poorly paid hand labour for low-class goods, and moreover it had not been so far
perfected that it could do the high-class work of the best weavers.
The great advantage of machine production in the eyes of the employers was similar
to that which led them to prefer steam to water power. For all trade purposes it
was desirable to have the organization of business under control. Water power
could not be counted upon, and the hand loom weavers could not always be trusted
to work regularly. They could not be depended on to finish a job, so that orders
could not be executed for certain by a given day. With power weaving the whole
was under the master's eye; he knew both where he stood and what he could
undertake.   Besides this the difficulties, which arose from time to time from the PART III.—APPENDICES. Q 231
embezzlement of materials, were far less likely to occur in connection with power
weaving carried on under supervision in a factory.
Some of these advantages could be secured by a system which had been adopted in the
woollen trade in Scotland, and which was beginning to come into vogue in the
cotton trade also, though more slowly. The masters erected sheds in which looms
were placed, and the weavers came and executed their work by hand loom but
under supervision. Those who worked in this way got much higher wages than
the men who preferred the greater freedom of working at home: but after all, such
hand loom sheds were only a transitional form. Weaving organized in this fashion
had its advantages, and when thus managed the application of power was particularly easy, especially if it was already employed on the same premises in connection
with spinning. The gain to the community at large may be very great and may be
undoubted, but there is serious loss to the individual who is no longer required to
do the only thing he can do thoroughly well. Despite its benefits, the introduction
of machinery has meant the displacement of workers possessing special skill as
spinners or weavers; and a mechanical invention, which renders their special
attainments useless and valueless, causes them irreparable loss. It seems hard to
weigh an infinitesimal gain to a large number of consumers, against the ruin of
a skilled artisan whose whole employment is taken away from him by the introduction of a machine which has rendered him useless.
(1,039 five-stroke words.)
Part B.
35       Tabulate the following (making one carbon copy) :—
Investment Table.
Showing the amount of $1 invested annually at seven different rates.
Printed by Charles f. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.


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