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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1931

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Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL KEPOBT
OF
THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
FOR  THE
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31st
1929
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1030.  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
MAy it please Your Honour :
The Annual Report of the Department of Labour of the Province for the year 1929 is
herewith respectfully submitted.
W. A. McKENZIE,
Minister of Labour.
Office of the Minister of Labour,
June, 1930. The Honourable W. A. McKenzie,
Minister of Labour.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith my Twelfth Annual Report on the work of
the Department of Labour up to December 31st, 1929.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. D. McNIVEN,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
Department of Labour,
Victoria, B.C., June, 19S0. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Deputy Minister     7
Increased Pay-roll      7
Unemployment     7
"Hours of Work Act"      7
Strikes      9
New Legislation j     9
Statistics of Trade and Industries   10
Returns from 5,065 Employers  _  10
Total Pay-roll reaches Record   10
Where Pay-rolls have increased and decreased  12
Number of Apprentices increase  '.  13
Fluctuation of Employment  13
Changes in Wage-rates   16
Increase in Average Industrial Wage   18
Nationality of Employees   18
Statistical Tables   20
Summary of all Tables  33
" Male Minimum Wage Act "  34
Drug-store Employees   34
Cab and Taxi Drivers  39
Engineers and Warehousemen   39
Engineers—Order setting Minimum Wage  '.  39
Drug-store Employees—Judgment of Court of Appeal  40
Labour Disputes and Conciliation   42
Photo-engravers, Vancouver  42
Plasterers, Vancouver   43
Employment Service  45
Conditions during the Year   45
Business transacted during the Year  47
Other Branches of Activity  *  4S
Inspection of Factories ,  50
Accident-prevention   50
Sanitary Conditions   51
Report of Minimum Wage Board  54
Complaints and Collections   54
Court Cases  55
Statistical Section   57
Wage Comparisons, 1928 and 1929   61
Some Results of Minimum Wage Legislation   63
Appendix—Summary of Orders  65
Associations of Employers   69
Union Directory   71  REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF LABOUR
FOR 1929.
The Twelfth Annual Report of the Department of Labour proves once again that British
Columbia, because of geographical position and climate, is destined to remain one of the principal
industrial provinces of the Dominion. The relationship of agriculture to industry was fully
demonstrated during the year just closed. The Prairie wheat-crop was considerably under the
total expected, and because of the prevailing prices very little movement of wheat took place.
This resulted in a reduction of train crews, which had its effect upon those employed in the
railway repair-shops. This condition spread to a certain extent to the industries dependent
on the Prairie markets, the purchasing-power due to the conditions stated being greatly curtailed.
To follow this still further, many of the sawmills found that requirements of Prairie lumber-
dealers would be considerably reduced. There were also decreased requirements of the railway
companies for car-decking and other materials for the repair of rolling-stock; only minimum
repairs being necessary. Nevertheless, with adverse conditions prevailing during the latter
months of the year, we find an increase in the total pay-roll for 1929.
INCREASED PAY-ROLL.
From the 5,065 returns tabulated by the Department, and a conservative estimate of other
branches of industry not covered by our questionnaire, we have a total of $192,092,249.51 for 1929,
as compared with $183,097,781.72 for 1928 and $177,522,758.14 for 1927; thus showing an increase
of $8,994,462.79. The statistical section of this report shows in condensed form the standing of
our industries and comparisons with previous years.
UNEMPLOYMENT.
It cannot be truly said that unemployment in this Province was caused by any decrease in
industrial activity during 1929, the total pay-roll having increased over the previous year. The
climate of British Columbia is no doubt a great asset, but in the winter months it becomes a
liability, as the moderate temperature of the Coast area attracts many workers from other parts
of Canada, where severe climatic conditions prevail.
Indications are that the unemployment conditions each winter are caused by an increase in
the number of newcomers from other Provinces, who, because of the milder weather, prefer to
spend the winter months in this Province.
THE " HOURS OF WORK ACT."
During the year 1929 the number of exemptions granted by the Board of Adjustment
administering the " Hours of Work Act" totalled 93, a decrease of 68 from the total for 1928.
Of the 93 permits granted, 50 were for the lumbering industry, 15 covering the printing and
publishing industry, and contracting, 5. Other exemptions granted covered the manufacture of
rubber tires, garment-making, paper-making, bed and furniture manufacture, etc.
It must be understood that these permits were of a purely temporary nature, ranging from
a total of one hour to one hour per day for a week or longer.
During the fall of 1929 several plants Were allowed to work overtime in order that they
could supply power to the Hydro-electric Company, owing to the serious shortage of water in
storage areas.
CHANGE IN PERSONNEL OF BOARD.
On October 18th His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor in Council accepted the resignations
of Harry Wood and Edward Beers Perry as members of the Board of Adjustment, and appointed
Adam Bell and Robert Morrison, who, with J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister, as Chairman, now
constitute the above Board. L 8
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
AVERAGE WORKING-HOURS AGAIN REDUCED.
'That the " Hours of Work Act " is being enforced in such a manner as to not seriously affect
the industries of the Province, the average working-hours again show a decrease; there has
been a gradual decline since the Act came into existence. The beneficial effects of this legislation can be seen chiefly in the different branches of the lumbering industry, where the average
working-hours, calculated from the returns received, show a reduction in some cases by as high
as seven hours per week.
Industries which show an average decline of six hours and over in the working-week are
builders' materials, Coast shipping, and pulp and paper manufacture, followed by contracting,
explosives and chemicals, miscellaneous trades and industries, smelting, and the manufacture of
wood (N.E.S.), with a reduction of over three hours per week; breweries, food products, and
street-railways, etc., with a decline of over two hours in the average working-week.
It will be seen from the table which follows that some industries work more than forty-eight
hours per week, and it may be questioned why, with an eight-hour law, this is possible.
Take, for example, the lumber industry : The regulations promulgated by the Board of
Adjustment, and passed by Order in Council, permit all operations carried on east of the Cascade
Mountains to operate on a nine-hour basis, which is fifty-four hours per week. The reason for
this regulation is apparent to all acquainted with weather conditions during the winter months.
The smelting and metal-mining industry operate on a fifty-six-hour week; Coast shipping being
an industry which does not come within the scope of the Act, the Board has no jurisdiction.
There is also the food products group, where only a very small number of the employees
engaged come within the limits of the Act. It will therefore be seen that the " Hours of Work
Act" is being observed in a very satisfactory manner.
The following table shows the trend of average weekly hours in all industries covered in
this report for the past four years:—
Average Weekly Hours of Wokk, by Industries.
Industry.
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
Breweries	
Builders' materials, etc	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping.	
Contracting	
Explosives, chemicals, etc	
Food products, manufacture of	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Jewellery, manufacture of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Leather and fur goods, manufacture of	
Lumber industries—
Logging	
Logging-railways	
Mixed plants	
Lumber-dealers	
Planing-mills	
Sawmills	
Shingle-mills	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacturing	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, etc	
Wood-manufacture (not elsewhere specified)
47.
47
44
48
53
45
51
51
44
45
43.
46.
47
48
48
49.
46.
50
49,
48
45
55,
47
51
44
45
48
44
53,
45
46
91
10
40
00
29
57
49
82
81
14
96
54
26
71
06
03
78
48
23
32
81
43
67
40
25
58
23
14
21
83
28
45.60
46.94
44.48
48.02
52.48
44.97
45.85
50.65
46.38
45.52
44.25
46.28
46.77
48.63
49.08
44.00
45.88
49.81
49.63
48.84
45.51
52.26
47.20
54.35
44.51
45.51
48.46
45.13
52.94
45.90
46.42
48.22
47.55
46.58
48.02
53.05
44.83
45.32
S1.75
44.54
45.30
44.75
46.42
46.62
48.40
49.16
47.21
46.70
49.29
49.03
47.97
45.42
53.93
47.64
54.16
44.44
45.42
48.24
44.45
53.07
45.69
46.77
46.77
46.96
44.40
48.03
51.05
45.16
46.04
'51.01
44.87
45.S3
44.24
46.62
46.70
47.31
48.61
48.00
47.63
49.14
49.12
47.86
45.87
53.96
46.10
61.61
45.09
45.44
48.35
44.15
52.72
44.61
47.03 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 9
A SPLENDID RECORD.
As further proof that this Province has accepted the general principle of an eight-hour day,
it may be stated that from a total of 116,623 employees reported on by the 5,065 firms making
returns, 101,625, or 87.15 per cent, were working on an eight-hour day; 10,968, or 9.40 per cent.,
worked over eight but not more than nine hours per day; whereas only 4,030, or 3.45 per cent, of
all employees, were working in excess of nine hours per day.
AVERAGE FROM 5,065 RETURNS.
The average working-hours for all occupations covered in our statistical tables has again
been reduced during the year 1929, the average weekly working-hours being 48.25, compared with
48.43 in 1928, 48.55 in 1927, and 48.84 in 1926.
STRIKES.
The section of the report covering labour disputes and conciliation is a splendid indication
that the relationship between employer and employee is in a very satisfactory condition—only
482 employees being affected for a total of 3,320 working-days, as compared with 2,644 employees
affected and 20,791 working-days lost for the previous year.
NEW LEGISLATION.
The " Motor-vehicle Act " is amended and provides for three classes of Chauffeur licences:—
Class A, which entitles the holder to drive and operate every kind of motor-vehicle.
Class B, entitling the holder to drive and operate any motor-vehicle having a seating capacity
not exceeding seven passengers, inclusive of the driver, and any motor-vehicle used exclusively
in the transporting of personal property.
Class C, entitling the holder to drive and operate any motor-vehicle used exclusively in the
transporting of personal property.
The annual licence fee being:   Class A, $7,50;   Class B, $6;   Class C, $4.
Provision is also made that " No chauffeur shall, within any municipality, drive, operate, or
be in charge of a motor-vehicle carrying passengers for hire unless he is the holder of a permit
therefor issued to him by the Chief of Police of the municipality."
No person is allowed to hire another person as a chauffeur unless the person so hired is the
holder of a chauffeur's licence for the current year.
The " Distress Act " is amended by enumerating the household goods and chattels not liable
to seizure by distress for rent or penalty.
In addition to the statistical section, this report covers: " Hours of Work," " Male Minimum
Wage," " Labour Disputes and Conciliation," " Factory Inspection," ". Employment Service,"
" Female Minimum Wage Board," " Directory of Employers' Associations," and a Trade-union
Directory. L 10
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
STATISTICS OF TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
The progress of British Columbia as shown by the annual pay-roll of the Province is each
year registering a healthy increase, as will be seen in this section of the Annual Report of the
Department of Labour.
The year 1929 shows a substantial advance over any other year, and had it not been for the
sharp drop in business conditions all over the world, which took place during the latter months
of 1929, and which affected export trade, we would have been able to record a much greater
increase in the annual pay-roll.
RETURNS RECEIVED PROM 5,065 FIRMS.
The number of firms reporting to this Department increased from 4,84G in 1928 to 5,065 in
1929, an advance of 210 over the previous year. We would again impress upon employers the
necessity of mailing the questionnaire to us at the earliest possible date. Many of the large firms
are very prompt, while others have to be written to several times, and sometimes canvassed
personally. This should not be necessary as the information requested can be easily had from
the books of any firm. The collection of this information is part of the duties of this Department
and is required under the " Department of Labour Act."
" Section 4. (6.) To acquire and disseminate knowledge on all matters connected with the
industrial occupations of the people, with a view to improving the relations between employers
and employees.
"(c.) To collect and publish reliable information relating to or affecting the industries of
the Province and the rates of wages.
"(d.) To collect such statistical and other information respecting trades and industries in
the Province as may be necessary from time to time."
Information given the Department is in strict confidence and is never given out except in
the form of this report, and the number of the questionnaire mailed to employers is changed
every year.
TOTAL PAY-ROLL REACHES RECORD.
A total pay-roll of .5145,120,325.98, covering the 5,065 firms reporting for 1929, is an increase
of some $8,336,000 over the previous year, when the total was $136,784,484.18 for 1928,
$130,074,021.91 for 1927, $129,420,599.55 for 1926, and $115,942,238.60 for 1925. These figures
show a steady growth every year, and is an indication that the industries of the Province are
being built on a solid foundation and quite able to withstand the shock of any sudden slump
in business, as reflected by outside conditions during the latter months of 1929.
•The amount paid to actual wage-earners—that is, those not engaged in managerial or office
positions—totalled $117,344,548.72, an increase of $6,016,024.37 over 1928. Officers, superintendents, and managers received $13,859,767.14, an increase of $1,140,646.49; while the sum paid
to clerical staff and salesmen increased by $1,179,170.94 to $13,916,010.12. The percentage figures
given below show a decrease covering wage-earners, and it is reasonable to suppose that had
business conditions been maintained during the last two months, these figures would have been
different, as there is no doubt that the employees engaged as superintendents, managers, salesmen, and in the office occupations were carried on the pay-roll, and that the workers were the
class who had either their hours reduced or temporarily laid off during the dull season.
The proportionate payment for 1929 under the headings of officers, superintendents, and
managers is 9.48 per cent.; clerks, stenographers, and salesmen, 9.53 per cent.; and wage-
earners, 80.99 per cent.    The following is the percentage figures covering the last four years:—
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
Per Cent.
9.58
8.21
82.21
Per Cent.
10.19
8.59
81.22
Per Cent.
9.29
9.31
81.40
Per Cent.
9.48
9.53
S0.99
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00 RETORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 11
TOTAL PAY-ROLL OF ALL INDUSTRIES.
The pay-roll quoted in the last paragraph refers only to the 5,035 employers who made their
return to this Department on time. To this must be added a number of additional items in
order that a fair estimate of the total pay-roll of the Province can be arrived at.
Returns amounting to $1,413,647.42 were received too late to be classified. It has been
estimated that the total pay-roll of the firms who have so far failed to make a return amounts
to $4,500,000.
The transcontinental railway systems and other railways (not including logging-railways—
these being tabulated under " Lumber Industries") were again prompt in submitting their
returns, the combined pay-rolls amounting to $15,558,276.11, a decrease of $286,578.97 from the
previous year, which is accounted for by the fact that there was practically no movement of
wheat during the fall of 1929. Those employed in work of an industrial or semi-industrial
nature by the Dominion or Provincial Governments are estimated to receive $6,000,000.
Wholesale and retail firms have on their pay-rolls a large number of employees who could
reasonably be termed industrial, and though not required to make a return to this Department
it is estimated that these employees earn $4,250,000.
We have also made an estimate for such firms who are engaged in delivery, cartage and
teaming, warehousing, butchers, moving-picture operators, coal and wood yards, and auto
transportation of $5,500,000.
An estimate is also made of those employed by express companies and the employees of
ocean-going vessels whose homes are in this Province of $8,000,000, and to take care of industrial
firms who could not be placed in any of the above categories we have shown $1,750,000 as
miscellaneous.
The total industrial pay-roll of the Province, including the above estimated items, is given
as follows:—
Pay-roll of 5,065 firms making returns to Department of Labour $145,1'20,3,25.98
Returns received too late to be included in above summary        1,413,647.42
Employees in occupations included in Department's inquiry, not sending in
returns—estimated pay-roll       4,500,000.00
Transcontinental railways      18,358,276.11
Dominion and Provincial Government workers -        6,000,000.00
Wholesale and retail firms        4,250,000.00
Delivery, cartage and teaming, warehousing, butchers, moving-picture operators, coal and wood yards, and auto transportation        5,500,000.00
Ocean services and express companies -       8,000,000.00
Miscellaneous          1,7c 0,000.00
Total $192,092,249.51
THREE INDUSTRIAL DIVISIONS.
During the last few years we have segregated the various returns received into three separate
divisions, representing Greater Vancouver, Rest of Mainland, and Vancouver Island.
For our purpose Greater Vancouver includes Burnaby, North Vancouver, West Vancouver,
and Vancouver City; 35.78 per cent, of the industrial activities of the Province is contained in
the area mentioned, a decrease of 0.04 from last year. The Rest of the Mainland, which includes
the Queen Charlottes and other Northern Islands, absorbed 43.62 per cent., a decrease of 0.47
from 1928. The third division, Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, has again improved its
percentage from 20.09 per cent, in 1928 to 20.60 per cent, for 1929. We have divided the totals
of the preceding paragraphs in the same proportion as the figures given in the 5,085 returns
received, and arrive at the following division of the industrial pay-roll of the Province for the
past four years :—
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
$63,833,346.01
81,123,003.67
30,217,486.79
$65,470,393.20
77,399,922.55
34,652,442.39
$177,522,758.14
$65,585,625.41
80,746,121.74
36,766,034.57
$68,730,605.09
83,790,637 05
39,571,007.37
Totals	
$175,173,836.47
$183,097,781.72
$192,091,249.51 L 12 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
WHERE PAY-ROLLS HAVE INCREASED AND DECREASED.
In order that fair comparison can be made, the report contains the same number of
statistical tables as in previous years. By comparing the pay-rolls of these twenty-five tables
we find twenty-one have increased pay-rolls and four have suffered a decrease in the amount
paid in salaries and wages. Metal-mining assumes the lead with an increase in the pay-roll of
$2,232,000 over 1928. This is a very substantial increase and would indicate that the total
production must have increased considerably. As the wages in the larger companies are regulated by the average price of metals, and because of the sharp drop in metal prices during the
early months of 1930, we do not anticipate any increase in the pay-roll for the year 1930.
Miscellaneous metal trades came next, with an increase of $1,200,000. Included in metal trades
are garages—this alone showing an advance of over $500,000.
Contracting and builders' materials groups have increased by $1,000,000 and $234,000
respectively, and from the amount of construction in sight for 1930 we expect these to at least
equal the 1929 record.
One of the outstanding advances is that of the printing and publishing group, which shows
an increase of $827,000. This is a particularly fine indication of the benefit derived from placing
as much work as possible within the confines of the Province, and is a sufficient demonstration
that the work produced in British Columbia is equal in quality and price to that produced
elsewhere.
The food products group is also forging ahead with an increase of $500,000, and we understand that a biscuit-factory has just received an order for several tons of biscuits, the quality
and price of this firm's goods enabling them to successfully compete against tenders from all
parts of Canada.
Public utilities had an advance of $720,000 over the previous year; the amount of power-
development work being done assures another year of favourable conditions in this industry.
Smelting, with an increase of $498,000, comes next, but, like metal-mining, the pay-roll of
1930 may be affected by metal prices, and in the manufacture of wood (N.E S.) the increase
was $421,000.
In our last report it was suggested the end of the depression in the pulp and paper industry-
had been reached. It is therefore pleasing to record an increase in the pay-roll of $330,000 for
the year under review.
Coast shipping made another advance of $543,000 over the total for the previous year.
The continuous growth of this phase of our industrial life is an indication of the growing
importance of our Coast cities.
Oil-refining, which includes crude oil and fish-oil, shows an increase of $353,000, being only
slightly below the advance shown for 1928.
In the laundry industry the gain was $216,000, while breweries and ship-building show
gains of $194,000 and $111,000 respectively. Gains were also recorded in explosives, garment-
making, house-furnishing, leather and fur goods, miscellaneous trades and industries, and paint-
manufacturing.
Only four of the twenty-five tables show a decrease in the annual pay-roll. These are led
by coal-mining, with a loss of $930,000. The immediate outlook is not very encouraging, but
the employment situation in this industry could be remedied to some extent if the citizens of
'the Province were to purchase local coal. We have only to refer to what has already been
stated regarding the printing and publishing industry, to recognize the benefits of " Buying
British Columbia Products."
Following the coal-mining came the lumber industry, with a decrease of $320,000. This is
much less than anticipated, as this industry during part of the year was in a very unsettled state.
Other decreases were cigar and tobacco manufacturing, $23,000; and jewellery-manufacturing, $11,000. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 13
A comparison of the pay-roll in the various industries for the past three years is given in
the following table:—
Industry.
1027.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
1928.
No. ot
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
1929.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting	
Explosives and chemicals	
Food products	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Manufacturing jewellery	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper mills	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, etc	
Manufacturing wood (N.E.S.)	
Totals	
39
83
7
27
142
1,185
9
461
81
47
10
82
61
960
619
235
163
26
13
131
14
43
3
78
78
$819,
1,657.
62,
7,502.
8,076.
14,761,
358
10,448,
905,
712,
242
1,508
459
34,514
7,603,
8,818
2,703.
1,133,
294
3,523
5,364
1,667,
5,644
9,509
1,753
522.25
658.31
217.20
946.98
044.56
434.63
474.19
996.93
418.57
870.28
016.65
709.88
456.24
982.16
910.98
386.82
694.92
817.99
,890.27
068.69
085.27
187.32
.425.60
310.15
495.08
4.597
$130,047,021.92
37
100
9
26
133
1,169
14
516
88
45
11
82
61
1,062
678
276
148
29
12
121
14
44
3
82
4,846
$700,
1,994,
63,
7,438,
8,956.
15,033,
374,
10,940,
1,005,
813,
263.
1,611
557.
36,244,
8,275,
9,821.
2,915,
1,503,
285.
3,592
4,943
1,473.
5,694
10,055
2,226
.668.58
931.53
.055.18
,948.90
120.75
,366.78
367.71
322.99
.057.07
,312.66
720.14
,381.33
,195.11
200.08
917.84
,102.89
,442.87
,668.72
,748.77
,000.61
,729.59
,820.99
432.49
226.73
743.37
$136,784,484.18
35
85
6
28
120
1,272
14
'507
86
42
10
97
60
1,097
723
296
147
37
13
141
19
43
2
99
5,065
$894.
2,228
40
6,508.
9,479,
16,031,
408,
11,477,
1,047,
838,
252,
1,827,
628,
35,920,
9,470,
12,052,
2,948,
1,856,
315.
4,419,
■5,27
1,584.
6,192
10,771
2,646
.05S.05
,740.67
,991.42
,572.73
,903.49
,889.15
,900.52
,417.29
,332.82
,133.83
,489.39
,406.99
,171.68
,814.46
,360.77
,702.06
.670.35
,105.35
,877.18
,619.41
,264.27
229.26
644.62
430.88
599.34
$145,120,325.98
APPRENTICES AGAIN INCREASE.
The number of apprentices in industry again increased over the previous year, this time by
48, there being a total of 1,676 thus classified at the end of 1929.    There appears to be no doubt
that these young people are being thoroughly trained, as they have no  difficulty in finding
employment when the period of their apprenticeship is completed.
EMPLOYMENT OF FEMALES.
During the year 1929 the proportion of females employed in industry fell from 8.75 per
cent, to 8.06; decreases in the number of females employed were shown in cigar and tobacco
manufacturing, leather and fur goods, miscellaneous trades and industries, and in the manufacture of food products; while increases were noted in Coast shipping, house-furnishing, laundries,
cleaning and dyeing, metal trades, and printing and publishing. In the other groups the
employment of females remained about the same.
FLUCTUATION OF EMPLOYMENT DURING 1929.
Tables showing the " average number of wage-earners " for each month shows the fluctuation of employment in each industry for the period covered by this report.
The peak month for the year changed from August in 1928 to July in 1929, with the
number gainfully employed at 98,140, this being 4,004 more than for the previous year. A gradual
decline is noticed up to November, where a sharp drop takes place, followed by a more pronounced decline for the month of December. The figures for December show there were 1,355
more employed than in the first month of the year; January again being the month of least
employment.
The peak month for the lumber industries changed from October in 1928 to May in 1929,
with a total of 27,041 employed. Coal-mining moved to March, 1929, from October, 1928;
Coast shipping from December, 1928, to July, 1929.
The period of highest employment in the food products group was August, the same month
as for 1928. \,  14
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
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L 15
Chart showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages.
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1919
1920
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DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Chart showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages—Continued.
30%
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1926
1927
1928
1929
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In order that a fair comparison may be made for the various years the same method has
been used for the classification of the weekly wage-rates in the various industries. In the
summary of all tables 10,508 adult males are shown as receiving from $24 to $24.99 per week.
This number no doubt includes many receiving $24 per week, some at $24.25, some at $24.50,
some at $24.75, etc., while the 15,073 who received from $30 to $34.99 would be made up in the
same manner; some receiving $30, some $31, $33, $34, etc. For the purpose of making an
average it has been assumed, where steps of $1 were given in our table, that " $24 to $24.99," for
example, meant $24.50; and, where steps of $5 were given, that of "$30 to $34.99," for
example, meant $32. Lest these assumptions were thought to err on the side of generosity,
" $50 and over " was taken in all cases to mean $50 only.
CHANGES IN    WAGE-RATES.
The most outstanding change in the average full week's wages took place in the jewellery-
manufacturing industry, where the advance amounted to $4.12 per week, followed by cigar and
tobacco manufacturing, of $3.61. Increases of over $1 per week were recorded in the following
groups: Builders' materials, laundries, cleaning and dyeing, leather and fur goods, metal-
mining, paint-manufacturing, pulp and paper, and ship-building industries. Other increases
were in Coast shipping, garment-making, oil-refining, smelting, utility group, and in the manufacture of wood  (N.E.S.).
The principal decreases are found in explosives and chemicals, which amounted to $1.63,
followed by metal trades, $1.54; breweries, $1.15; and food products, $1.14. Those having
decreases of under $1 were coal-mining, contracting, house-furnishing, miscellaneous trades
and industries, and printing and publishing. In all, sixteen increased the weekly average, and
in nine the weekly average was decreased. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 17
Weekly Wages, 1929, compared with 1928.
The increases and decreases in weekly wages are shown in the following table:—
Increases.
Builders' materials   $1.76
Cigar and tohacco manufacturing..    3.61
Coast shipping 95
Garment-making  08
Jewellery,  manufacture of     4.12
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing     1.20
Manufacturing    leather    and    fur
goods        1.15
Lumber  industries   01
Metal-mining      1.97
Oil-refining ...-. 27
Paint-manufacture       1.96
Pulp and paper manufacturing     1.05
Ship-building      1.45
Smelting  54
Street-railways, gas, water, power,
telephones, etc 70
Manufacturing of wood  (N.E.S.)..      .47
Breweries ..
Coal-mining
Contracting
Explosives and
Decreases.
  $1.15
 32
 01
chemicals      1.63
Food products, manufacture of     1.14
House-furnishing    70
Metal trades      1.54
Miscellaneous trades and industries      .94
Printing and publishing 13
Average Full Week's Wages in each Industry  (Adult Males only).
Industry.
1923. 1924. 1925. 1926. 1927. 1928
1929.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting	
Explosives and chemicals	
Food products, manufacture of	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Jewellery, manufacture of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods.
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous trades and industries...
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power,
telephones, etc	
Manufacturing of wood (N.E.S.)	
$26.
26.
23.
36.
28.
28.
26.
25.
29.
24.
32.
25.
26.
25,
28,
32
25
32
23
38,
27
25
34,
29
23
55
S3
32
96
30
31
63
61
85
74
65
07
.73
,92
.04
,21
.83
,71
,13
,09
.90
.88
.16
42
33
$26.51
26.10
24.07
35.73
29.59
27.98
26.86
25.94
28.38
25.53
31.26
25.70
26.44
26.15
26.37
31.84
25.85
33.06
24.69
39.52
27.69
26.79
35.14
29.84
22.55
$27.41
26.78
22.97
30.52
28.21
28.23
23.35
26.25
29.10
25.34
35.06
25.30
26.68
25.40
28.13
32.81
25.38
31.39
22.00
37.61
27.38
27.72
35.75
27.69
23.92
$27.32
27.38
22.24
30.06
29.59
29.06
23.79
26.20
29.48
25.67
36.69
27.00
26.90
25.56
27.92
33.34
24.61
31.48
21.94
38.25
27.47
28.74
32.90
29.26
25.26
$27.62
26.96
22.36
29.79
29.79
30.24
25.38
26.60
29.15
27.46
31.41
26.44
29.42
25.93
29.76
32.89
25.99
30.96
24.95
36.72
27.11
29.11
31.15
28.83
25.60
$28.85
26.28
22.97
30.50
31.89
30.58
26.24
27.70
28.60
27.44
32.49
26.96
27.88
26.53
31.04
33.27
27.15
30.23
23.62
40.94
26.82
28.85
32.54
30.04
25.02
$27.70
28.04
26.58
30.18
32.84
30.57
24.61
26.56
28.68
26.74
36.61
28.16
29.03
26.54
29.50
35.24
26.21
30.50
25.58
40.81
27.87
30.25
33.09
30.70
25.49
LOW-PAID WAGE-EARNERS.
In the following table is given the number of adult males who are paid less than $19 per
week. The number has increased since the last report, and these are to be found in the following groups: Breweries, builders' materials, coal-mining, contracting, house-furnishing, lumber
industries, metal trades, metal-mining, miscellaneous trades and industries, oil-refining, pulp
and paper manufacturing, the utility group, and manufacture of wood (N.E.S.).
The groups which show a reduction are: Cigar and tobacco manufacturing, Coast shipping,
explosives and chemicals, garment-making, laundries, cleaning and dyeing, paint-manufacture,
printing and publishing, ship-building, and smelting. L 18
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Adult Male Workers employed at Low Rates of Wages.
Weekly Rate.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
Under $6	
49
45
37
158
139
297
382
1,249 '
867
1,454
1,635
2,695
1,796
3,806
2
3-
12
53
54
97
204
359
528
965
1,438
1,311
1,952
2,520
1
11
10
9
44
72
194
171
317
619
502
1,199
1,260
1
3
10
26
70
44
214
143
283
679
574
1,092
1,252
$6 to $6.99   	
7  to    7.99	
8 to    8.99	
9 to    9.99	
1
10  to 10.99            	
97
11  to 11.99	
27
12 to 12.99 	
49
13 to 13.99	
110
14 to 14.99	
494
15 to 15.99 *	
588
16 to 16.99	
1,267
1,550
1 409
18  to 18.99	
Totals	
14,609
9,498
4,409
4,391
5 592
INCREASE IN AVERAGE INDUSTRIAL WAGE.
The average industrial wage covering a full week's work for all adult male employees again
advanced over the preceding year from $28.96 in 1928 to $29.20 for 1929.
This average is calculated from figures supplied by each firm for the week of employment
of the greatest number, and represents the pay for a full week's work. The actual earnings
in many cases would at certain seasons of the year be lower, owing to stoppages or broken time.
On the other hand, many employees would receive larger amounts on occasions when overtime
was being worked. Striking a general average for all occupations covered by the returns
received, we arrive at the following figures :—
The average weekly wage for industrial workers (adult males only) since the compilation
of these statistics is as follows :—
1918   .... $27.97
1919    29.11
1920      31.51
1921       27.62
1922        27.29
1923    28.05
1924   $28.39
1925     27.82
1926        27.99
1927      28.29
1928     28.96
1929     29.20
NATIONALITY OF EMPLOYEES.
The tables showing the nationality of employees have changed from the previous year.
Natives of English-speaking countries decreased from 72.65 per cent, in 1928 to 70.34 per cent, in
1929. Those from Continental Europe increased to 18.56 per cent, in 1929 from 17.02 per cent.
in 1928. Natives of Canada and Newfoundland again took an upward turn, rising from 38.07
per cent, in 1928 to 39.17 per cent, for 1929. The percentage of those from the British Isles
again fell, the figures being 28.73 per cent., as against 30.85 for 1928.
NUMBER OF ASIATICS INCREASE.
The percentage of Asiatics employed shows an increase for the first time since 1926, rising
to 10.01 per cent, from 9.33 per cent, in 1928. The actual number employed being 12,253 for
1929, an increase of 1,520 over the previous year.
Chinese employees increased by 251, Hindus by 156, and Japanese by 1,113. The groups
having an increase in the number of Asiatics employed are headed by the lumber industries,
followed by food products, miscellaneous trades and industries, pulp and paper, metal-mining,
Coast shipping, ship-building, metal trades, breweries, contracting, garment-making, explosives
and chemicals, printing and publishing, leather and fur goods, and oil-refining.
The groups showing a decrease in the number of Asiatics are headed by the smelting industry, followed by coal-mining, wood-manufacture (N.E.S.), laundries, cleaning and dyeing,
builders' materials, and the utility group. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 19
WHERE CANADIAN WORKMEN LEAD.
The groups which show a greater number of Canadian workmen are: Breweries, cigar and
tobacco manufacturing, Coast shipping, contracting, food products, garment-making, house-
furnishing, jewellery-manufacturing, leather and fur goods, lumber industries, metal trades,
metal-mining, miscellaneous trades and industries, oil-refining, paint-manufacturing, printing and
publishing, pulp and paper manufacturing, ship-building, smelting, and the manufacture of
wood  (N.E.S.).
The groups where natives of Great Britain and Ireland lead are: Builders' materials, coalmining, explosives, laundries, etc., and the public utility group.
The garment-making and miscellaneous trades and industries switched from the British to
the Canadian group, otherwise the groups remain the same.
Some notable changes are seen in the tables concerning natives of Continental Europe.
Natives of Belgium increased from 242 in 1928 to 278 in 1929. France has a decrease of 8, the
total being 466. Italy again has a loss this time of 28, having 2,638 for 1929. Germany's
total is now 1,001, an increase of 226 over the preceding year. Austria-Hungary makes another
sharp advance from 1,135 to 1,808 in 1929, an increase of 673. Norway, Sweden, Denmark,
Finland, and other Scandinavian countries increased by 1,415, there being now 11,022 employed.
Natives of Russia again made an advance this year, from 4,055 in 1928 to 4,633 for 1929. The
percentage of the four divisions will be seen in the following table:—
1924.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928.
1929.
Natives of English-speaking countries..
Per Cent.
72.33
14/56
11.97
1.14
Per Cent.
7.0.85
15.91
11.30
1.94
Per Cent.
70.92
15.62
11.56
1.90
Per Cent.
72.51
15.05
10.20
2.24
Per Cent.
72.65
17.02
9.33
1.00
Per Cent.
70.34
18 56
10.01
1.09
From other countries, or nationality not
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
EMPLOYERS WITH A LARGE PAY-ROLL.
It has been customary to tabulate the number of firms having a pay-roll of over $100,000
per annum. We do not in these totals include any public authorities, Dominion, Provincial, or
municipal, nor is the wholesale or retail merchants, transcontinental railways, or deep-sea
shipping tabulated.
In the year 1921 there were 118 of these large operations, followed by 164 in 1922 and 200 in
1923. During 1924 the total fell to 196 and remained at the same figure for 1925, but rose
sharply in 1926 to 230, receding to 219 during 1927. In 1928 there was a sharp advance to 254,
and during 1929 has reached the total of 262, being 8 more than the previous record.
Seventeen of these firms had an annual pay-roll of over $1,000,000, and of these, four were
between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000, one over $4,000,000, and one over $5,000,000.
Of the 262 firms with a pay-roll of over $100,000, the lumbering industry leads, with 105
firms. The number has decreased by 3 from last year. Food products still holds second place,
with a total of 21 firms. Then follows metal-mining, with 17 of the large firms; Coast shipping
and contracting, with 16 each; public utilities, 12, an increase of 2; metal trades, 8; printing
and publishing, pulp and paper, and the manufacture of wood (N.E.S.), with 6 each; garages,
laundries, cleaning and dyeing, ship-building, and the manufacture of lime, stone, and cement,
5 each; miscellaneous trades and industries and oil-refining, 3 each; breweries, creameries and
dairies, garment-making, and house-furnishing, 2 each; and 1 each in manufacture of explosives,
jewellery, paint;  also electrical contracting, plumbing and heating, and sheet-metal works. L 20
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
CONTENTS OF TABLES.
With regard to the tables immediately following, the general
headings of such tables are given hereunder and the trades included under each heading:—
No. 1, Breweries.—Under this heading are tabulated mineral-
water manufacturers and breweries.
No. 2. Builders' Material, etc.-—Includes manufacturers of
brick, cut stone, Portland cement, lhr.e, tiles, and firebrick ;
also stone-quarries and dealers in sand, gravel, and crushed
rock.
No. 3. Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing.—Comprises only
these trades.
No. 4. Coal-mining.—-This group contains also the operation of
coke-ovens and coal-shipping docks.
No. 5. Coast Shipping.—Includes the operation of passenger
and freight steamships, stevedoring, tug-boats (both general
and towing logs), and river navigation, but does not include
the operation of vessels in the offshore trade.
No. 6. Contracting. -Here are grouped building trades, painting and paper-hanging, plumbing a:*d heating, and sheet-
metal works ; also contractors for industrial plants, structural-steel fabricating, railway-fencing, sewers, pipes and
valves, dredging, pile-driving, wharves, bridges, roofing,
and automatic sprinklers. Firms making return as building
contractors, constructors of dry-kilns, refuse-burners, mills,
brick-furnaces, electrical contractors, hardwood and sanitary floor-layers, and bricklayers.
No. 7. Explosives, Chemicals, etc.— Includes the manufacture
of these commodities, also the manufacture of fertilizers.
No. 8. Food Products, Manufacture of.—This table includes
bakeries, biscuit-manufacturers, cereal-milling, creameries
and dairies, fish, fruit and vegetable canneries, packinghouses, curers of ham and bacon, blending of teas; also
manufacturers of candy, macaroni, syrup, jams, pickles,
sauces, coffee, catsup, and spices.
No. 9. Garment-making.—Includes tailoring, the manufacture
of buttons, pleating, embroidery, etc., jute and cotton goods,
shirts, overalls, knitted goods, millinery and ladies' outfitting.
No. 10. House Furnishings.—Comprises firms engaged in the
manufacture of furniture, beds and bedding, springs and
mattresses, upholstering, and carpet and linoleum laying.
No. 11. Jewellery, Manufacture of.—Includes the repair as well
as manufacturing of jewellery and watches and optical
instruments (where same is carried on in a factory).
No. 12. Laundries, Cleaning arid Dyeing.—Includes these industries only.
No. 13. Leather and Far Goods, Manufacture of.—Comprises
manufacturers of boots, shoes, gloves, harness, trunks, and
leather Indian novelties; also furriers and hide and wool
dealers.
No. 14. Lumber Industries.—In this group are included logging, logging-railways, planing-mills, sawmills, shingle-mills,
and lumber-dealers.
No. 15 Metal Trades.—lias group includes marine blacksmith-
ing, oxy-acetylene' welding, boiler-making, iron and brass
foundries, garages, vulcanizing, machine and pattern shops,
galvanizing and electroplating; also manufacturers of
handsaws, nuts and bolts, pumps, marine engines, mill
machinery, and repairs to same.
No. 16. Metal-mining.— Includes all metalliferous mining.
No. 17. Miscellaneous Trades and Industries.—Here are
grouped returns from trades which are not numerous
enough to warrant special categories. They include manufacturers of soap, sails, tents, awning, brooms, paper boxes,
and tin containers ; also cold storage.
No. 18. Oil-refining.— Includes also the manufacture of fish-oil.
No. 19. Paint-manufacturing.—Includes also white-lead corro-
ders and varnish-manufacturers.
No. 20. Printing and Publishing.—This table includes the
printing and publishing of newspapers, job-printing, paper-
ruling, bookbinding, engraving and embossing, blue-printing, lithographing, draughting and map-publishing, and the
manufacture of rubber and metal stamps.
No. 21. Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.—Comprises only
firms engaged in that industry.
No. 22. Ship-building.—Comprises both wooden- and steel-ship
building and repairing, also construction and repair of small
craft, and salvage.
No. 23. Smelting.—Comprises firms engaged exclusively in that
industry.
No. 24. Street-railways, Gas, Water, Power, etc.—This group
comprises generating and distribution of light and power,
manufacture of gas, dissolved acetylene and oxygen ; also
includes gasoline lighting and heating devices, and supply
of water to municipalities.
No. 25. Wood, Manufacture of (not elsewhere specified).—Here
are grouped manufacturers of sash and doors, interior finish,
water-proof ply-wood, veneer, store and office fittings,
barrels, boxes, ships' knees, ready-cut buildings, wooden
pipes and tanks, wooden pulleys, wooden toys, caskets,
coffins, and undertakers' supplies.
Table No.   1.
BREWERIES.
Returns covering 35 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers... $211,813.05
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    111,220.29
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     571,024.71
Total ' $894,058.05
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Male
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February....
April	
May	
June	
401
387
398
418
453
430
83
78
64
56
117
77
July .  	
August	
September .
November ..
December...
444
423
403
387
383
370
49
41
91
110
119
108
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
Sfi.no to  Sfi 00...
2
1
1
1
4
7.00 to    7.<
8.00 to     8.<
9.00 to     9.
10.00 to   10.
11.00 to   11.
12.00 to   12.
13.00 to   13.
)9...
19...
»...
)9...
1
25
)9...
)9...
1
3
1
3
27
3
17
44
11
28
4
4
15.00 to   15.99...
9
16.00 to   16.
17.00 to   17.
19...
)9...
1
8
13
10
27
8
1
30
62
10
11
•27
131
64
27
6
8
6
1
5
18.00 to   18.99..
19 00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99...
1
3
1
5
1
1
21.00 to   21.99...
22 00 to   22.99...
23 00 to   23.99...
1
24.00 to   24.99.   .
25.00 to   25.99...
20.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27.99...
1
28.00 to   28.99.
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35 00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
265
162
18
1
2
2
10
5
142
Great Britain and I
United States of Ar
lerica	
7
Austria and Hunga
Norway, Sweden, [
enmark,
Finland, etc..
16
4
3
11
5
12
1
All other countries
Nationality not sta REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 21
Table No. 2.
BUILDERS' MATERIAL—PRODUCERS OF.
Returns covering 85 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $285,586.51
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       134,021.3?
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,809,132.79
Total $2,228,740.67
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January.
February
March ...
April....
May	
June ....
Males.
Females.
1,102
1,125
1,294
1,352
1,446
1,493
July	
August
September .
October	
November..
December...
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
-.00.,
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
17.99...
18.99...
19.99...
20.99...
21.99...
22.99...
23.99...
24.99...
25.99. ..
26.99...
27.99...
28.99...
29.99...
34.99...
39.99...
44.99...
49.99
and over.
Males.
21 Yrs.
& over.
2
1
25
24
44
177
63
199
93
22
187
72
86
125
71
60
168
94
79
Under
21 Yrs.
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium     	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden,"Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan. ..     	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated 	
Males.       Females.
581
632
40
1
4
4
48
12
14
101
75
13
295
1
Table No. 3.
CIQAR AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 6 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $10,651.00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  4,924.05
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  25,416.37
Total  $40,991.42
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
June	
11
13
13
15
12
10
16
17
19
21
18
14
July	
September .
October ....
November..
December ..
14
15
14
17
19
18
17
16
18
19
16
18
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
7.00 to    7.99
8.00 to    8.99..
9.00 to     9.99
1
10.00 to   10.99..
ll.OOto   11.99..
12.00 to   12.99
13.00 to   13.99..
7
2
3
1
2
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99
1
16.00 to   16 99
17.00 to   17.99 .
18.00 to   18.99..
20.00 to   20.99
2
3
3
1
21.00 to   21.99 .
22.00 to   22.99.
23.00 to   23.99  .
1
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
3
2
1
1
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to  28.99
29.00 to   29.99  .
30.00 to   34.99
2
3
35.00 to   39.99
40.00 to   44.99
45.00 to   49.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy.
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finlmd, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
11
3
6 L 22
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
Table No. 4.
COAL-MINING.
Returns covering 28 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $201,507.91
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       288,430.58
Wages-earners (including piece-workers)    6,018,544.24
Total $6,508,572.73
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February....
4,590
4,555
4,771
4,512
4,074
3,983
July	
September .
November...
December...
4,136
3,942
4,427
4,677
4,672
4,655
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
29.00
'29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00 ....
$6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12 99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27 99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
28
156
50
32
31
66
59
77
118
109
73
560
US
389
442
189
309
942
511
481
157
116
1
1
2
12
20
3
29
11
8
23
4
12
27
8
10
27
4
1
20
1
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.     18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France   	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungar3'	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan	
Japan    ...
All other countries....
Nationality not stated,
Males.       Females.
853
!,479
69
28
44
11
423
39
165
93
605
35
420
46
15
Table No. 5.
COAST SHIPPING.
Returns covering 120 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $656,713.43
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       722,577.93
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    8,100,612.13
Total $9,479,903.49
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
.Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
5,887
5,880
6,572
0,833
6,988
6,884
27
28
30
32
34
July	
August
September
October...
November.
December
7,321
7,094
6,688
6,962
6,192
6,378
33
33
31
30
31
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18,00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
1.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99
39.99.
44.99.
49.99
and ove
Males.
21 Yrs.    Under
(fe over.    21 Yrs.
1
89
3
3
24
33
141
85
119
91
101
375
395
37B
316
327
141
146
62
176
1,072
587
1,693
479
378
2
68
23
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy.
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan ......  	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
3,258
2,941
34
84
25
27
118
40
•    1
267
29
17
424
73
3
13
19
2
J REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 23
Table No. 6.
CONTRACTING.
Returns covering 1,212 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $1,840,832.21
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,278,678.30
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 12,912,378.64
Total $16,031,889.15
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January....
February...
March	
April	
May	
June	
6,808
7,112
8,684
9,608
10,640
11,444
70
73
73
77
87
July	
August	
September
October ...
November.
December..
12,145
12,388
12,013
11,614
10,313
6,007
105
103
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00
to   $6
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
16.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28 99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44 99.
49.!
and over.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
2
1
1
9
37
317
65
59
576
208
668
1,442
429
3,050
517
1,090
754
446
291
1,126
1,264
2.395
662
879
16
11
16
16
44
33
54
25
29
36
34
20
19
IS
10
8
12
3
14
4
2
5
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
8
4
7
5
13
26
Appren-
tices.
38
19
21
9
26
9
10
12
14
13
6
11
5
2
10
2
4
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium   	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc..
Russia or other Slav country 	
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan   	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
1,502
386
40
4
82
519
98
185
1,260
561
144
23
2
6
19
137
28
21
Table No.
EXPLOSIVES, CHEMICALS, ETC.
Returns covering l-'i Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $55,841.25
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc         95,029.90
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  258,029.37
Total $408,91.0.52
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
169
160
195
190
185
201
5
5
5
6
7
7
September..
October..   .
November ..
December ..
196
196
197
205
210
191
7
7
7
6
6
6
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to   $6.99..
7.00 to     7.99
8.00 to     8.99..
9.00 to     9.99
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
1
1
2
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
3
1
3
15.00 to   15.99,.
16.00 to   16.99
1
1
17.00 to   17.99
2
3
26
3
2
5
1
13
3
2
18.00 to   18.99,.
19.00 to   19.99..
3
1
1
1
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99.
24.00 to   24.99..
1
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
5
30.00 to   34.99..
14
3
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
2
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France   .	
Italy..
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	 L 24
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
Table No. 8.
FOOD PRODUCTS—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns coverng 507 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $1,505,427.26
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,508,571.92
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    8,463,418.11
Total $11,477,417.29
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
March	
4,114
3,941
4,302
4,813
5,239
6,879
1,010
960
998
976
1,112
1,925
July	
September .
October 	
November..
December ..
7,680
7,987
7,595
6,638
5,351
4,526
2,970
3,218
3,535
2,600
1,609
June	
1,261
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
p-or Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
12
11
13
28
23
21
69
129
17
83
109
69
26
'   45
12
63
12
20
8
6
7
6
8
4
5
1
25
115
45
31
16
246
112
742
331
554
390
363
107
252
111
297
115
78
62
28
56
24
26
15
15
66
17
13
2
2
8
5
8
19
35
66
128
108
37
50
33
34
17
6
5
2
2
2
1
2
2
$6.00 to   $6.99
7.00 to    7.99.  .
4
5
8.00 to     8.99...
1
9.00 to     9.99...
3
10.00 to   10.99...
11.00 to   11.99...
12.00 to   12.99...
13.00 to   13.99...
14.00 to   14.99...
15.00 to   15.99...
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99...
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99...
20.00 to   20.99...
21.00 to   21.99...
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99...
25.00 to   25.99.   .
6
9
3
3
56
162
604
434
446
297
531
583
475
289
739
1,022
404
623
649
205
1,229
933
319
111
128
5
9
7
3
3
1
2
1
26.00 to   26.99...
27 00 to   27.99.   .
29.00 to   29 99
30.00 to   34.99.
36.00 to   39.99  ..
40.00 to   44.99  ..
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland  	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc..
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan   ....
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
4,247
2,986
201
9
15
25
74
86
58
786
104
149
1,462
827
74
40
Females.
2,812
891
73
1
2
24
63
105
6
114
77
18
372
12
51
Table No. 9
GARMENT-MAKING.
Returns covering 86 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $192,096.29
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       110,016.68
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)       745,219.85
Total $1,047,332.82
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females,
January.
February-
March ...
April
May	
June
260
259
275
277
259
268
432
678
590
602
611
576
July	
August	
September .
October ....
November..
December ..
255
258
265
291
267
253
554
566
604
578
497
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
60.00
$6.00 .
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and over.
21 Yrs.     Under
over.    21 Yrs.
19
10
14
6
4
17
3
16
2
6
24
30
22
10
8
5
3
11
4
2
18 Yrs.
&over.
10
1
45
24
113
63
63
34
53
15
33
4
8
17
7
8
1
1
5
Under
18 Yrs.
1
2
15
2
9
1
9
2
4
2
Apprentices.
2
13
25
7
10
3
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia'or other Slav country 	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan    	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
1
9
11
2
13
13
14
Females.
402
248
14
16
15
2 REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 25
Table No.  10.
HOUSE FURNISHINGS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 1)2 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $136,625.81
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    112,246.49
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   589,261.53
Total $838,133.83
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females.
January .
February
March...
April....
May	
June ....
436
445
443
440
450
456
81
82
84
Month.
Males.
458
August...  .
480
September..
497
October ....
496
November..
507
December...
496
86
93
92
95
100
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11 00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
to 23.99.
to 24.99.
to 25.99.
to   26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29 99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
9
1
10
ie
17
6
29
20
14
15
18
2
84
37
14
2
6
Under
21 Yrs.
3
13
9
13
3
6
13
4
3
6
3
2
2
3
18 Yrs.
& over.
4
3
5
16
8
15
4
10
3
10
2
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
1
3
9
9
11
3
1
4
1
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan.	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
323
166
10
5
1
14
2
2
58
40
1
Table No. 11.
JEWELLERY—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 10 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $30,496.19
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc 111,646.65
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 110,346.55
Total $252,489.39
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March...
April.   ..
May^	
June ....
Males.
Females.
58
6
58
6
58
5
58
6
58
6
57
5
Month.       Males.   Females,
July 	
August. ..
September
October.,.
November
December.
59
59
59
69
59
61
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Femalks.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
1
1
7.00 to     7.99..
8.00 to     8.99.
1
1
10.00 to   10.99.
1
ll.OOto   11.99..
1
12.00 to   12 99..
1
1
14.00 to   14.99..
1
15.00 to   15.99..
1
2
1
16.00 to   16.99 .
17.00 to   17.99..
18 00 to   18 99..
1
1
19.00to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99
1
2
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99
25.00 to   25.99  .
1
1
1
26 00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
1
11
17
8
2
4
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
4000 to   44.99..
45.00to   49.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland.
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy.
Germany	
Austria and Hungary    	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries   	
Nationality not stated 	
Males.       Females.
34
21 L 26
DEPARTMENT OF. LABOUR.
Table No. 12.
LAUNDRIES, CLEANING AND DYEING.
Returns covering 97 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $163,071.52
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      277,905.83
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,386,429.64
Total $1,827,406.99
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
176
485
525
541
545
644
931
1,003
1,105
1,131
1,126
1,143
August 	
September..
October ....
November..
December ..
570
570
560
660
649
537
1,173
1,204
1,170
1,151
1,158
June   	
1,124
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00.,
$ri.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over
21 Yrs.     Under
& over,    21 Yrs.
1
1
1
43
6
2
16
6
30
13
15
11
23
23
12
109
58
33
5
7
2
1
15
5
18 Yrs.
& over.
1
9
5
16
6
28
384
156
203
72
39
6
69
1
17
5
27
7
2
6
2
2
1
6
1
2
1
2
Under
18 Yrs.
13
35
23
10
Apprentices.
19
14
1
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium	
France.	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries .;.....	
Nationality not stated..	
Males.       Females.
232
291
12
2
3
13
5
2
1
40
562
564
26
2
2
13
12
5
10
57
10
Table No. 13.
LEATHER AND FUR GOODS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 60 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers, $101,419.47
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     75,795.87
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  450,956.34
Total $628,171.68
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June. ...
Males.
Females.
267
78
273
76
286
79
290
92
304
92
290
94
July.....
August...
September
October ..
November
December
307
323
317
325
305
104
111
120
116
96
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
36.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00.....
to $6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17,99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99
27.99.
28.99.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.    21 Yrs.
34 99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
9
14
10
21
22
22
8
11
21
11
43
43
11
2
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
13
6
5
4
5
5
13
4
.   8
2
2
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland.
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America ..
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy..
Germany 	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries    	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
120
140
11
1
13
16
1
5
20
13
6
1
43
4 REPORT OE THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 27
Table No. 14.
LUMBER INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 1,097 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $2,276,770.41
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,376,686.63
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 32,267,357.42
Total $35,920,814.46
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.    Females.        Month.       Males.    Females
January .
February
March..,
April.  ..
May	
June
21,703
22,055
24,487
25,916
26,978
26,654
42
55
69
60
63
July ....
August.. .
September
October ..
November
December.
26,492
25,834
25,336
23,904
22,757
19,212
71
62
60
71
84
90
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00 .
to   $6.!
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
to   27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
41.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
6
1
10
43
88
129
450
395
6,596
1,239
3,573
1,345
745
4,025
1,626
1,232
1,754
1,212
645
3,188
2,092
1,148
846
740
Under
21 Yrs.
1
7
9
2
13
27
13
64
26
51
44
85
19
50
152
18
61
11
11
29
12
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
3
10
1
4
6
1
2
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy   	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
11,535
4,578
1,480
60
94
161
386
393
1,026
5,707
1,719
311
3,103
875
2,788
194
392
Apprentices.
Females.
Table No. 15.
METAL TRADES.
Returns covering 723 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $1,804,281.92
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,584,735.10
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    6,081,343.75
Total     $9,470,360.77
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January .
February
March..
April....
May..
June.  ..
Males.   Females.
3,946
4,080
4,271
4,503
4,647
4,765
102
108
110
119
127
143
Month.
July	
August....
September
October ...
November .
December,.
Males.   Females.
4,796
4,781
4,687
4,576
4,365
4,245
147
140
132
126
117
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
,00....
$6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17 99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99
25.99.
26.99
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
2
13
10
19
69
48
77
94
102
246
91
360
176
302
274
164
161
143
111
912
770
248
82
135
Under
21 Y'rs.
17
23
31
40
36
57
38
57
41
36
65
46
35
22
20
21
10
12
3
8
4
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
2
3
2
15
10
36
14
13
9
9
4
2
2
2
1
5
Under
18 Yrs.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany ...   	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated  '	
Males.
2,942
2,051
167
8
15
20
47
21
12
105
36
13
10
39
6
Apprentices.
11
60
29
39
25
43
25
25
18
8
21
12
15
5
5
7
1
Females.
104
41
3
10 L. 28
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 16.
METAL-MINING.
Returns covering 296 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $741,556.43
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       600.195.83
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  11,710,949.80
Total $13,052,702.06
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January.
February
March. .
April ....
May	
June....
Males.
Females.
4,945
64
5,011
64
5,119
67
5,493
72
6,019
74
6,129
75
July 	
August	
September..
October ...
November...
December...
6,610
6,550
6,637
6,717
6,057
6,324
74
72
72
71
67
67
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9 00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
46.00
50.00
$6.00	
to $6.99..
to 7.99..
to 8.99...
to 9.99...
to 10.99...
to   11.99...
12.99...
13.99...
14.99...
15.99...
16.99...
17.99..
18,99...
19.99...
20.99...
21.99...
22.99...
23.99...
24.99...
25.99...
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
Males.
21 Yrs.
& over.
5
7
•29
16
37
93
111
24
66
263
481
2,504
2,582
935
325
202
Under
21 Yrs.
12
5
18 Yrs.
& over.
2
1
3
4
13
1
4
18
13
3
1
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland.
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy..
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       F-emales.
2,423
1,984
354
18
20
33
324
71
171
1,318
833
40
96
65
135
57
40
24
Table No. 17.
MISCELLANEOUS TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 11(7 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $645,986.62
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      506,749.06
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  1,795,934.67
Total      $2,948,670.35
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January....
February...
1,094
1,048
1,207
1,315
1,448
1,464
314
305
318
315
335
330
July	
August	
September..
October ....
November..
December ..
1,483
1,483
1,462
1,344
1,117
1,013
348
362
357
337
322
300
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
46.00
50.00
$6.00 ,
to   $6.£
7.99.
9.99.
10.99
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99
to   15.99.
to 16.99.
17.99
18.99
19.99.
20.99.
..   21.99.
to   22.99.
to   23.99.
to   24.99.
to   25.99.
to   26.99.
to   27.99.
to   28.99.
to   29.99.
to   34.99.
to   39.99.
to   44.99.
to   49.99.
and over .
21 Yrs.
& over.
5
4
S
62
28
16
21
56
47
73
115
122
139
131
134
43
92
65
24
178
97
61
19
36
Under
21 Yrs.
5
6
39
27
11
27
14
15
17
4
5
3
5
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
7
2
9
7
151
50
25
12
Under
18 Yrs.
5
12
3
13
1
7
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia.	
Belgium   .
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden. Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country 	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
641
37
3
9
9
9
4
2
54
1
107
Females.
248
119
2
4
10 REPORT OE THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 29
Table No. 18.
OIL-REFINING.
Returns covering 37 Firms.
Salary, and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $199,176.30
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       374,949.53
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,281,979.52
Total    $1,856,105.35
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. .Month.       Males.    Females.
January.
February
March...
April	
May	
June
515
557
612
716
854
1,094
11
11
11
12
12
13
July	
August	
September..
October	
November ..
December...
1,247
1,360
1,211
894
683
611
14
15
15
13
14
13
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
46.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to $6.'
to 7.
to 8 '
to     9.'
to 10.!
to 11.!
to 12.!
to 13
to 14
to 15.
to 16.
to 17
to 18.
to 19.
to 20
to 21
to 22
to 23
to 24
to 25
to 26
to 27
to 28.
to 29
to 34.
to 39.
to 44.
to 49.
and ov
99..
99..
99..
99. .
99..
99..
99. .
99..
99..
99..
21 Yrs.
&over.
1
1
35
10
14
67
56
42
22
44
71
25
66
102
119
203
259
83
47
50
Under
21 Yrs.
10
1
1
10
1
9
14
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium	
France   ....
Italy	
Germany 	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc..
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
595
371
63
3
4
10
4
26
258
21
1
26
13
2
Table No. 19.
PAINT-MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 13 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $s5,635.53
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc..       96,078.40
Wage-earneis (including piece-workers)    134,163.25
Total $315,877.18
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February
March . ,
April
May	
June
108
114
131
135
131
137
15
15
15
15
18
14
July	
August	
September..
October	
November ..
December...
128
130
120
110
105
103
14
13
13
13
13
12
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For WTeek of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
&over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
7.00 to    7.99
2
13
5
11
8
7
3
"V"
.
8.00 to     8.99  .
1
9 00 to     9.99..
11 00 to   11.99 .
1
1
1
12.00 to   12.99
2
3
1
3
3
3
3
6
3
12
6
5
8
6
13 00 to   13.99  .
14.00 to   14.99..
6
2
2
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.99..
1
17 00 to   17.99
18.00 to   18.99..
1
19.00 to   19.99
20.00 to' 20 99..
1
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
1
24 01) to   24.99..
25.00 to   25 99.
26.00 to  26.99
28 00 to   28.99 .
4
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99
5
11
2
1
1
36.00 to   39.99.,
40.00 to   44.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland .
Great Britain and Ireland ..
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy.:	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
J apan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
75
76
1
Females.
11
5 L 30
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Table No. 20.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.
Returns covering l-'fl Returns.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $813,871.62
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  1,218,828.32
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)      2,386,919.47
Total $4,419,619.41
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males, t Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February-
March . .
April
May	
June
1,225
1,228
1,273
1,261
1,275
1,238
145
152
156
165
151
160
July	
August
September
October...
November
December.
1,259
1,244
1,272
1,292
1,274
1,205
166
168
172
189
181
170
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10 00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00.,
to
to
to*
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to-
to
to
to
to
to
to
$6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.     Under
& over.   21 Yrs.
2
1
1
4
4
7
6
8
10
8
26
6
11
13
11
42
19
14
16
15
19
14
15
15
18
12
17
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
13
17
6
8
15
4
12
12
29
20
2
7
5
3
1
11
1
13
3
7
5
1
1
Apprentices.
2
12
8
13
13
13
11
16
6
4
14
2
6
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland.
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium 	
France    	
Italy..
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
Males.      Females.
752
679
59
149
83
4
Table No. 21.
PULP AND PAPER—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 19 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $406,112.59
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      501,352.82
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  4,369,798.86
Total - •.  $5,276,264.27
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January..   .
February-...
2.644
2,649
2,661
2,673
2,764
2,902
53
54
52
59
58
61
July	
September..
October ....
November .,
December...
3,089
3,079
3,086
2,988
3,026
2,868
68
51
45
45
46
46
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
Sl over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to $6.99..
7.00 to     7.99..
8.00to     8.99..
9.00 to     9.99..
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
2
4
12.00to   12.99..
1
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
50
7
2
4
30
3
1
16.00 to   16.99
17.00 to   17.99..
10
1
232
59
410
79
384
214
259
157
50
117
26
187
420
167
37
75
10
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99
15
17
50
10
16
1
2
1
3
20.00 to   20.99 .
6
1
■   1
1
22.00 to  22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
25.00 to   25.99
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
1
29 00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
4
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium *	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country 	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
1,077
1,012
92
5
5
9
147
6
26
104
80
48
64
37
27 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 31
Table No.  22.
SHIP-BUILDING.
Returns covering J/S Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $156,555.75
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc         78,934.46
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,348,739.05
Total $1,685,229.26
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females. Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
860
813
812
993
952
849
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
849
780
895
1,142
908
1,057
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
1.00
.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
to   15.99..
16.99
17.99...
18.99...
19.99...
20.99...
. 21.99...
to 22.99...
to 23.99...
to 24.99...
to 25.99...
to 26.99...
to 27.99...
to 28.99...
to 29.99...
to 34.99...
to 39.99...
to 44.99...
to 49.99...
and over. ..
21 Yrs.
& over
1
1
3
2
10
12
12
296
44
67
37
29
129
64
76
211
401
47
19
14
Under
21 Yrs.
1
1
3
12
1
2
7
1
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav countrj-	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
643
649
38
4
1
7
2
67
92
5
Table No.  23.
SMELTING.
Returns covering 2 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers     $258,595.43
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       782,131.15
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    5,151,918.04
Total $6,192,644.62
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females,
January.
February
March..
April
May....
June
2,696
2,630
2,723
2,740
2,746
2,787
Month.       Males.   Females,
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
2,784
2,817
2,889
3,059
3,010
2,999
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21 Yrs.
& over.
Under
21 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
$6.00 to  $6.99..
7.00to    7.99..
8.00 to     8.99.
9.00 to     9.99..
10.00 to   10.99..
23
11.00 to 11.99..
12.00 to   12.99  .
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
1    ■
16.00 to   16.99..
11
17.00 to   17.99..
3
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99.
20
22.00 to   22.99.
 i
13
1
2
7
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
15
471
656
854
533
268
34
38
32
50
21
1
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland   	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
663
1,337
70
5
16
12
273
31
56
220
156
18
1 L 32
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
Table No. 24.
STREET RAILWAYS, GAS, WATER, LIGHT,
POWER, TELEPHONES, ETC.
Returns covering 99 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers      $721,033.37
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     1,797,466.75
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     8,252,930.76
Total $10,771,430.88
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
March	
April	
May	
June	
3,937
3,992
4,292
4,493
4,620
4,679
1,614
1,614
1,632
1,642
1,685
1,731
July	
August	
September..
October ....
November ..
December...
4,562
4,623
4,591
4,556
4,331
4,176
1,778
1,754
1,774
1,690
1,693
1,710
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17 00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00 ....
$6.99.
7.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17 99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39 99.
44.99.
49.99.
21 Yrs.
& over.
5
7
8
135
11
123
36
120
372
103
476
164
97
236
121
253
1,680
521
459
129
Under
21 Yrs.
1
20
18 Yrs.
& over.
23
5
17
8
411
144
30
206
135
264
59
66
16
4
4
Under
IS Yrs.
Appren.
tices.
26
180
80
16
5
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America 	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany .  	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan    	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.      Females.
2,954
203
20
4
9
96
39
32
201
147
26
22
4
1
35
1,229
570
83
6
1
Table No. 25.
WOOD—MANUFACTURE OF  (N.E.S.).
Returns covering 86 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers    $358,019.27
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      167.836.21
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  2,121,743.86
Total  $2,647,599.34
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.        Males.    Females.        Month.       Males.   Females,
January .
February
March. ..
April....
May	
June
1,466
1,312
1,586
1,691
1,806
1,880
48
46
67
72
123
149
July	
August....
September.
October ...
November..
December .
1,916
1,889
1,827
1,741
1,604
1,539
113
62
50
35
41
38
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employmentof
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24 00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29 00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to $6.99
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over
Males.
21 Yrs.
& over.
32
14
11
17
114
38
330
70
145
58
59
155
61
67
29
59
14
189
175
48
28
18
Under
21 Yrs.
19
7
17
32
25
7
69
28
39
14
35
4
15
3
6
3
2
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
6
2
38
4
11
4
8
7
1
1
2
2
3
1
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy   	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc
Russia or other Slav country   ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
,162
616
63
2
2
6
19
19
8
39
2
48
4
20
Apprentices.
6
21
16
22
11
5
6
1
1
91
22 REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 33
SUMMARY OF ALL TABLES.
Returns covering 5,065 Firms.
Total Salary and Wage Payments during Twelve Months ended December 31st, 1929.
Officers, Superintendents, and ^Managers   .$13,850,767.14
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     13,916,010.12
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    117,344,548.72
  $145,120,325.98
Returns received too late to be included in above Summary   $1,413,647.42
Estimated  pay-roll  of  employers   in  occupations  covered  by  Department's
Inquiry, and from whom returns were not received   4,500,000.00
Transcontinental Railways   15,558,276.11
Dominion and Provincial Government workers   6,000,000.00
Wholesale and Retail Firms   4,250,000.00
Delivery,   Cartage,   and   Teaming,   Warehousing,   Butchers,  Moving-picture
Operators, Coal and Wood Yards, and Auto Transportation   5,500,000.00
Ocean  Services  and Express  Companies    8,000,000.00
Miscellaneous     1,750,000.00
 46,971,923.53
Total  $192,092,249.51
Average Number of Wage-earners.
During the Month of
January...
February .
March..  ..
April	
May	
June. ....
July.....
August ...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.
,618
171
983
276
893
407
,256
617
397
887
416
.301
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria and Hungary	
Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, etc
Russia or other Siav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries.  	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
40,800
32,402
3,424
300
270
442
2,549
887
1,787
10,787
4,512
853
6,152
935
4,772
387
872
Females.
5,197
5,330
5,639
5,611
5,917
6,802
7,884
8,074
8,441
7,434
6,394
6,869
Females.
6,136
2,767
249
24
89
114
21
235
121
21
394
15
61
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only.)
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
16.00
16.00
17.00
18 00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to  $6.
7.99
8.99
9.99
10.99
11.99
12.99
13.99
14.99
15.99
16.99
17.99
18.99
19.99
20.99
21.99
22.99
23.99
24.99
to   25.99
26.99
27.99
28.99
29.99
34.99
39.99
44.99
49.99
and over
Totals.
21 Yrs.
&, over.
1
97
27
49
110
494
588
1,267
1,550
1,409
8,761
2,892
6,580
5,296
2,963
10,508
5,033
4,038
4,669
4,141
3,616
15,073
11,517
8,623
3,399
3,311
106,012
Under
21 Yrs.
125
116
179
224
279
212
612
188
367
405
299
151
229
262
164
159
81
101
109
54
18
56
8
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
27
120
54
50
31
316
186
893
813
1,140
1,195
780
330
676
340
692
264
261
131
71
131
38
50
23
24
82
24
19
4
2
8,766
Under
18 Yrs.
14
18
32
71
83
132
160
157
70
89
47
52
20
Apprentices.
26
126
101
187
120
155
96
291
138
48
64
35
63
26
17
22
34
25
6
5
15
7
28
6
6
30
9
1,676 L 34 DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
THE " MALE MINIMUM WAGE ACT."
As stated in our last Annual Report, the first Act passed by the Legislature in 1925 was
repealed and a new Act was passed and assented to March 20th, 1929. The text of this new
legislation was published in our last Annual Report. It provides for a Board for the purpose of
administration composed of three members, any two members of which constitute a quorum.
The Board appointed by the Lieutenant-Governor in Council consists of J. D. McNiven,
Deputy Minister of Labour, Chairman; George H. Cowan, K.C., of Vancouver; and Adam Bell,
of Revelstoke.
The Act provides that " upon complaint in writing addressed to the Chairman of the
Board by at least ten employees engaged in any common occupation, complaining that the
wages paid to them in such occupation are insufficient or inadequate for the services rendered
by them in such occupation, the Board shall conduct an inquiry into the circumstances surrounding the employment of employees engaged in the occupation in wThich the complainants are
engaged, or in any occupation of a similar nature; and thereafter the Board may make an order
fixing a minimum wage to be paid to all employees engaged in that occupation and in any other
occupation of a similar nature named in the order."
The Board may, however, institute an inquiry without having received a complaint, and
when fixing any minimum wage may vary the minimum wage set according to the conditions
prevailing in different localities, and may fix the minimum wage upon an hourly, daily, monthly,
or weekly basis.
The first application received by the Board was from those employed in drug-stores. Three
separate applications were made covering the occupations of drug-store employees—one from
ten licentiates, one from ten certificated clerks, and one from ten registered apprentices.
Under the provisions of the Act, the Board arranged to conduct an inquiry into the circumstances surrounding the employment of the applicants, and a series of public meetings was
advertised to be held throughout the Province.
At the first public meeting of the series held in the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, counsel
representing a group of employers challenged the jurisdiction of the Board to proceed with the
inquiry on the grounds that pharmacy is a profession and not an occupation within the meaning
of the Act. Counsel in support of and against this contention was heard at length and the
Board finally reached the following decision:—
" It is the unanimous opinion that the Board has no jurisdiction to conduct an inquiry into
the complaint of the complainants. We think that the employment of the complainants is
not an occupation to which the Act applies. We would gladly have reached a different decision,
but we could not do it. Happily, however, the complainants have been given by the Legislature
an easy and cheap process by which they can get the opinion of the Court. It is peculiarly
free from delay, free from expense, the application they will have to make."
Following the decision of the Board, application was made in the Supreme Court for an
" order nisi " directing the Male Minimum Wage Board to show cause why a prerogative writ of
mandamus should not be directed to them, "commanding them as the Male Minimum AVage
Board to conduct an inquiry pursuant to the provisions of the " Male Minimum Wage Act." The
following is the application:—
IN THE SUPREME COURT OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
I, Harold Davenport, of 600 Gorge Road West, in the Municipality of Saanich, Province of British
Columbia, druggist, make oath and say as follows:—
1. Now produced and shown to me and marked Exhibit " A " to this my affidavit is a true copy
of the complaint signed by me and addressed to James Dugald McNiven, Chairman of the Male
Minimum Wage Board, requesting an investigation, under the " Male Minimum Wage Act," into
the circumstances surrounding the employment of the employees engaged in the occupation of druggists.
2. That William Bruce Young, one of the signatories to said complaint, was at the time of signing
the same on the 25th day of September and still is a licentiate of pharmacy and employed for a wage
or salary in the occupation of a druggist.
3. That I am one of the signatories to said complaint, and was at the time of signing the same
on the 25th day of September, 1929, and still am employed by the Provincial Royal Jubilee Hospital
as a druggist for a wage or salary.
4. That I am desirous that the Male Minimum Wage Board should hold an inquiry as requested
in said complaint into the circumstances surrounding tha employment of employees engaged in the
occupation of druggists pursuant to the provisions of the " Male Minimum Wage Act," being chapter 43
of the Statutes of the Province of British Columbia for the year 1929. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 35
5. That I am informed by my solicitor, Herbert William Davey, and verily and truly believe that
he has forwarded the said complaint, the original of said Exhibit " A," to James Dugald McNiven,
Chairman of the Male Minimum Wage Board, and that he is advised by James Dugald McNiven that
the said Mais Minimum AVage Board will not hold such investigation, as the employment or occupation
of druggists is not one to which the said Act applies.
6. That on the 13th day of September, 1929, a meeting of the said Male Minimum Wage Board
was convened for the purpose of conducting an inquiry into the circumstances surrounding the employment of employees engaged in the occupation of pharmacy as requested in a complaint dated the 21st
of August, 1929, and filed with the said James Dugald McNiven, Chairman of the said Male Minimum
AVage Board.
7. That at said inquiry Mr. H. S. Wood, K.C., representing undisclosed clients, and Mr. Lindley
Crease, K.C., representing John Cochrane, of the City of Arictoria, Province of British Columbia,
appeared and objected to the said Male Minimum AVage Board continuing said investigation on the
ground that licentiates of pharmacy were engaged in a profession and were not engaged in an occupation for a wage within the meaning of the said " Male Minimum Wage Act."
8. After considering the arguments advanced in support of and against such contention, the Board
decided that the complainants were not employed in an occupation, but that of a profession, and that
under the said " Male Minimum Wage Act" the Board had no right to investigate the circumstances
surrounding the employment of licentiates of pharmacy in the occupation of pharmacy.
9. That there are fifteen licentiates of pharmacy employed in the occupation of druggists for a
wage or salary in the City of ATictoria and approximately 241 licentiates of pharmacy employed in the
occupation of druggists for a wage or salary throughout the Province of British Columbia.
10. That I have investigated the wages or salaries paid to licentiates of pharmacy employed and
engaged in the occupation of druggists in the City of Victoria, Province of British Columbia, and verily
and truly believe that such wages and salaries, including my own, are insufficient and inadequate for
the services rendered by me and such other licentiates in such occupation, and that the circumstances
surrounding the employment of licentiates of pharmacy in such occupation should be investigated by
the Male Minimum AVage Board.
11. That I have instructed my said solicitor to apply to this Honourable Court for a prerogative
writ of mandamus directing the said James Dugald McNiven, George H. Cowan, K.C., and Adam Bell,
constituting the said Male Minimum Wage Board, to hold an investigation, pursuant to the terms ot
the said " Minimum Wage Act," into the circumstances surrounding the employment of employees
engaged in the occupation of druggists as requested in said complaint, the original of said Exhibit " A."
12. That the motion for an order nisi for the writ of mandamus to be made by the said Herbert
AVilliam Davey in accordance with the said instructions is made at my instance as prosecutor.
'13. That the said application for a prerogative writ of mandamus directed to the said members of
the said Male Minimum Wage Board as above mentioned is made on my behalf in good faith and not
for any direct or ulterior purpose.
Sworn before me at the City of Victoria, Province of British'
Columbia, this 5th day of October, 1929.
C. K. Courtney,
A Commissioner for taking Affidavits within
British Columbia.
This affidavit is filed by Herbert William. Davey, solicitor, on behalf of Harold Davenport, of
600 Gorge Road AVest, in the Municipality of .Saanich, Province of British Columbia.
IN THE  SUPREME  COURT OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
I, Wallace Moir Colcleugh, of Suite 400, 1041 Comox Street, in the City of Vancouver, Province of
British Columbia, druggist, make oath and say as follows:—
1. Now produced and shown to me and marked Exhibit " A " to this my affidavit is a true copy
of a complaint prepared for the purpose of being filed with the Chairman of the Male Minimum AArage
Board in pursuance to the provisions of the " Male Minimum AArage Act," being chapter 43 of the
Statutes of British Columbia for the year 1929.
2. The said complaint, the original of said Exhibit " A," was signed in my presence by the
following: Frederick William Fleming, Lachlan Alexander Buchanan, Edwin Miles Bolster, Douglas
Finlay McRae, William Russell Hewiston, Goldwin Stewart, Owen Llewellyn Bevan-Pritchard, and
Thomas Douglas Jack.
3. That each of the above-mentioned signatories was at the time of signing the said complaint and
still is a licentiate of pharmacy, and then was and still is engaged and employed at a wage or salary
in the occupation of a druggist in the City of Vancouver, Province of British Columbia.
4. The said complaint, the original of said Exhibit " A," as signed by each of the above-mentioned
signatories, was sent to Herbert William Davey, of the City of A'ictoria, Province of British Columbia,
to be delivered to James Dugald McNiven, Chairman of the Male Minimum Wage Board, pursuant to
the terms of the said " Male Minimum Wage Act."
Sworn before me at the City of Arancouver, Province of British '
Columbia, this 28th day of September, 1929.-
Barbara R. Dunsmore,
A Commissioner for taking Affidavits within
the Province of British Columbia.
This affidavit is filed by Herbert William Davey, solicitor, on behalf of Harold Davenport, of
600 Gorge Road West, in the Municipality of Saanich, Province of British Columbia.
Harold Davenport.
Wallace M. Colcleugh. L 36
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
IN THE  SUPREME  COURT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
I, Herbert AVilliam Davey, of 346 Vancouver Street, in the City of Victoria, Province of British
Columbia, solicitor, make oath and say as follows:—»
1. Now produced and shown to me and marked Exhibit " A " to this my affidavit is a true copy
of the original complaint addressed to James Dugald McNiven, Chairman of the Male Minimum Wage
Board for the Province of British Columbia, received by me from Wallace Moir Colcleugh, of the City
of Vancouver, Province of British Columbia.
2. That the said complaint, the original of said Exhibit " A," was signed in my presence by Harold
Davenport and William Bruce Young on the 25th day of September, 1929, and I am the attesting
witness to each of their signatures.
3. That at the time the said complaint was signed by the said Harold Davenport and William
Bruce Young it purported to bear the signatures of Frederick William Fleming, Lachlan Alexander
Buchanan, Edwin Miles Bolster, Douglas Finlay MicRae, William Russell Hewiston, Goldwin Stewart,
Owen Llewellyn Bevan-Pritehard, and Thomas Douglas Jack.
4. That I did on the 25th day of September, 1929, deliver the said complaint bearing the ten
signatures above mentioned to James Dugald McNiven, Chairman of the Male Minimum Wage Board,
personally at his office at the Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B.C.
5. That I am now advised by the said James Dugald McNiven that the Male Minimum Wage
Board will not hold the investigation requested in said complaint on the grounds that the signatories
to the said complaint are not engaged in an occupation to which the " Male Minimum Wage Act "
applies.
6. Now produced and shown to me and marked Exhibit " B " to this my affidavit is a copy received
from the said James Dugald McNiven of the minutes of the meeting of the said Male Minimum Wage
Board, held the 3rd day of October, 1929, to consider said complaint, dated the 20th of September, 1929.
7. That I verily and truly believe that proceedings by way of a prerogative writ of mandamus
is the only remedy available to cause the said Male Minimum AVage Board to proceed with said
investigation.
Sworn before me at the City of Victoria, Province of British
Columbia, this 5th day of October, 1929.
C. K, Courtney,
A Commissioner for taking Affidavits within I
British Columbia.
This affidavit is filed by Herbert William Davey on behalf of Harold Davenport, of 600 Gorge
Road West, in the Municipality of Saanich, Province of British Columbia. •
H. W. Davey.
EXHIBIT "A."
Vancouver, B.C., September 20th, 1929.
James Dugald McNiven, Esq.,
Chairman of the Male Minimum Wage Board,
Victoria, B.C.
Dear Sir,—AVe, the undersigned licentiates of pharmacy employed as druggists, hereby complain
that the wages paid to us as employees in such occupation as druggists are insufficient or inadequate
for the services rendered by us in such occupation, and respectfully request that an investigation be
held, under the " Male Minimum Wage Act," being chapter 43 of the Statutes of British Columbia
for the year 1929. to inquire into the circumstances surrounding the employment of employees engaged
in such occupation.
Yours very truly,
Witness:
Walter Moir Colcleugh,
as to all signatures bracketed.
H. W. Davey,
as to Harold Davenport and W. B. Young.
Frederick William Fleming.
Lachlan Alexander Buchanan.
Edwin Miles Bolster.
Douglas Finlay McRae.
] William Russell Hewiston.
Goldwin Stewart.
Owen Llewellyn Bevan-Pritchard.
Thomas Douglas Jack.
Harold Davenport.
W. B. Young.
Pursuant to the above application the Honourable Mr. Justice Murphy made the following
order:—.
IN THE SUPREME COURT OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
(Before the Honourable Mr. Justice Murphy, Monday, the 7th Day of October, 1929.)
Upon motion on behalf of Harold Davenport for an order nisi directing James Dugald McNiven,
George H. Cowan, and Adam Bell to show cause why a prerogative writ of mandamus should not
issue directed to them, commanding them, as the Male Minimum Wage Board, to conduct an inquiry,
pursuant to the provisions of the "Male Minimum AVage Act," into the circumstances surrounding REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 37
the employment of employees engaged in the occupation of druggists in the Province of British
Columbia ; upon reading the affidavit of Harold Davenport, sworn the 5th day of October, 1929, and
filed herein, and the exhibit marked " A " therein referred to, the affidavit of Herbert William Davey,
sworn the 5th day of October, 1929, and filed herein, and the exhibits marked " A " and " B " therein
referred to, and the affidavit of Wallace Moir Colcleugh, sworn the 28th day of September, 1929, and
the exhibit marked " A" therein referred to; and upon hearing Mr. H. W. Davey, of counsel for
Harold Davenport,
This Court doth order that James Dugald McNiven, George H. Cowan, and Adam Bell do attend
on Wednesday, the 16th day of October, 1929, at the Law Courts, Bastion Square, Victoria, B.C., at
the hour of 10.30 in the forenoon, or so soon thereafter as counsel can be heard, to show cause why
a prerogative writ of mandamus should not issue directed to them, commanding them, as the Male
Minimum Wage Board, to conduct an inquiry, pursuant to the provisions of the " Male Minimum
Wage Act," into the circumstances surrounding the employment of employees engaged in the occupation
of druggists, in the Province of British Columbia, as requested in the complaint addressed to the said
James Dugald McNiven, and dated the 20th day of September, 1929, a copy of which is marked
Exhibit " A " to the said affidavit of Harold Davenport and filed herein.
This Court doth further order that John Cochrane, druggist, of the City of Arictoria, Province of
British Columbia, do attend at the time and the place above mentioned to show cause why such
prerogative writ of mandamus should not issue to the said James Dugald McNiven, George H. Cowan,
and Adam Bell, commanding them, as the Male Minimum AVage Board, to hold the inquiry above
mentioned.
By the Court.
B. H. Tyrwhitt Drake,
Registrar.
At the instance of Harold Davenport, druggist, of 600 Gorge Road West, in the Municipality of
Saanich, Province of British Columbia.
The parties concerned in the above Court order appeared before the Court on October 22nd
and were represented by counsel. At the conclusion of the hearing the Court reserved judgment.
Six clays later the decision of the Court w-as handed down in the following terms:—
IN THE  SUPREME  COURT OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
In re the " Male Minimum AVage Act "—Reasons for Judgment of the
Honourable Mr. Justice Murphy.
I would refuse the mandamus on the ground that to grant it would be to infringe the principle
that Statutes which limit common law rights must be expressed in clear unambiguous language.
27 Hals. 150 and authorities there cited.
Freedom of contract is a right jealously guarded by the common law. The " Male Minimum Wage
Act," where applicable, greatly curtails, if indeed it does not destroy, this right.
The applicants herein are licentiates of pharmacy duly authorized to practise pharmacy under the
" Pharmacy Act." This art is in said Act described as a profession (section 8 and section 36). It is,
in addition, in my opinion, unquestionably a " profession " within the meaning of that word as used
in modern English speech.    Its practitioners are consequently members of a profession.
Section 17, the governing section of the "■ Male Minimum Wage Act," reads: " This Act shall
apply to all occupations other than those of farm-labourers, fruit-pickers, fruit-packers, fruit and
vegetable canners, and domestic servants."
The next question therefore is, does the word " occupation " include " profession " clearly and
without ambiguity as required by the legal principle above cited? I would say it does not. Used
loosely as it frequently is, it would, but accuracy in the use of English would, I think, require pharmacy
to be described as a profession, not as an occupation. As stated, the Legislature has not described it.
If, therefore, the Legislature intended to interfere with freedom of contract in the professions, it could
have put the matter beyond question by using the word.
Again, if the " Male Minimum Wage Act" applies to one profession, it must apply to all.
" Wages " under the " Male Minimum AA'age Act" is thus defined: " ' Wage ' or ' wages ' includes any
compensation for labour or services measured by time, piece, or otherwise."
Members of professions, especially when young, frequently give their services gratuitously or for
nominal remuneration, in order to gain experience. To put a money value on this experience would
seem to be an impossible task, yet, if the Act applies, that is what the Board would be called upon to
do under section 4 thereof. Further, " wages " so set by the Board must by section 4 be set for all
employees in the occupation dealt with and at a rate applicable to all. Yet I think it obvious that
the value of experience may, and indeed must, vary with the individual concerned. Section 6 does
indeed give power to the Board to grant exemptions from payment of set wages, but only in the case
of " any casual employee, part-time employee, apprentice employee, or employee handicapped by reason
of advanced age or physical infirmity." Clearly, I think those words cannot extend to members of
a profession qua such membership. L 38 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
The consequences of action by the Board with regard to professions might prove so serious to the
public that if the Legislature intended them it would, I think, have used the apt word " profession "
in defining the scope of the Act. Hospitals, for instance, might well find it impossible to accept
medical interns. Youthful medical men would thus be prevented from securing what I think may be
said to be experience essential to them. Hospitals would be crippled to soma extent by being deprived
of the presence at all time of men who, if not of mature experience, have, at any rate, received a
thorough medical education.
The application is dismissed.
(Sgd.)   D. Murphy, J.
Victoria, B.C., October 28th, 1929.
Upon receipt of the decision of the Honourable Mr. Justice Murphy, notice of appeal to the
Court of Appeal was made on the 18th day of November in the following terms:—
IN THE  SUPREME  COURT OF BRITISH COLUMBIA.
(D. No. 267/1929.)
Notice or Appeal.
Take notice that Harold Davenport intends to app-al and does hereby appeal to the Court of
Appeal at its sitting to be holden at the Court-house, Victoria, British Columbia, on Tuesday, the 7th
day of January, 1930, from the order of the Honourable Mr. Justice Murphy pronounced herein on the
28th day of October, 1929, whereby he discharged the order nisi made herein on the 7th day of October,
1929, at the instance of the said appellant, Harold Davenport, calling on James Dugald McNiven,
George H. Cowan, and Adam Bell, and John Cochrane to show cause why a prerogative writ of
mandamus should not issue directed to the said James Dngald McNiven, George H. Cowan, and Adam
Bell, commanding them, as the Male Minimum Wage Board, to conduct an inquiry, pursuant to the
" Male Minimum Wage Act," into circumstances surrounding the employment of employees engaged
in the occupation of druggists in the Province of British Columbia, as requested in the complaint
addressed to the said James Dugald McNiven, dated the 20th day of September, 1929.
And further take notice that the Court of Appeal will be moved by way of appeal at the Courthouse, in the said City of Victoria, on Tuesday, the 7th day of January, 1930, at the hour of 11 o'clock
in the forenoon, or so soon thereafter as counsel may be heard, for a judgment or order" reversing the
order hereby appealed from and making the said order nisi absolute, and directing that a prerogative
writ of mandamus be issued directed-to the said James Dugald McNiven, George H. Cowan, and Adam
Bell, commanding them, as the Male Minimum AVage Board, to conduct an inquiry, pursuant to the
provisions of the "Male Minimum AVage Act," into the circumstances surrounding the employment of
employees engaged in the occupation of druggists in the Province of British Columbia, as requested in
the complaint addressed to the said James Dugald McNiven, and dated the 20th day of September,
1929, a copy of which said complaint is filed herein and marked as Exhibit " A " to the affidavit of the
said Harold Davenport, sworn the 5th day of October, 1929, and filed herein.
And further take notice that this appeal is taken upon the following grounds :—
1. That the learned Judge erred in holding that the word " occupation " as used in section 17 of
the " Male Minimum Wage Act " does not include a profession or the occupation of pharmacist or
druggist.
2. That the learned Judge erred in holding that occupation of pharmacist or druggist is not within
the scope of the " Male Minimum Wage Act."
3. That the learned Judge erred in holding that the Male Minimum Wage Board had no jurisdiction to conduct an inquiry, under the " Male Minimum AVage Act," into the circumstances surrounding
the employment of employees engaged in the occupation of pharmacist or druggist.
4. That the learned Judge erred in holding that pharmacy is a profession and that licentiates of
pharmacy employed as pharmacists or druggists are engaged in the practice of a profession.
5. That the learned Judge erred in discharging the said order nisi.
6. That the learned Judge erred in refusing to make the said order absolute, and to make an order
directing the issue of such a prerogative writ of mandamus as above mentioned directed to the said
James Dugald McNiven, George H. Cowan, and Adam Bell, as the Male Minimum Wage Board.
7. That the said order is wrong in law.
Dated at Victoria, B.C., this 8th day of November, 1929.
H. W. Davey,
Solicitor for the Appellant, Harold Davenport.
This notice of appeal is given by Herbert William Davey, solicitor for the plaintiff, whose place
of business and address for service is 303 Times Building, 630 Fort Street, Victoria, British Columbia.
To James Dugald McNiven and George H. Cowan and Adam Bell, and to W. H. M. Haldane, Esq.,
their solicitor.
To John Cochrane and to Messrs. Crease & Crease, his solicitors.
To George T. Cunningham, Leslie G. Henderson, and E. S. Knowlton, and to Messrs. Wood, Hogg
& Bird, their solicitors. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 39
CAB AND TAXI DRIVERS.
Applications in the proper form were received from employees representing chauffeurs
employed as cab and taxi drivers.
FOURTH-CLASS ENGINEERS AND AA7AREHOUSEMEN.
These applications having been approved by the Board, an inquiry was started covering all
three applications. Meetings were held in the following cities: Victoria, November 14th and
15th; Nanaimo, November 16th; Vancouver, November 18th, 19th, and 20th; Prince Rupert,
November 23rd; Prince George, November 26th ; Kamloops, November 30th ; Vernon, December
2nd ; Kelowna, December 3rd; Penticton, December 5th; Nelson, December 7th; Cranbrook,
December 9th ;  New AVestminster, December 12th;  and Arancouver, December 13th.
Upon the return of the Board from their tour of investigation several meetings were held
to consider the evidence submitted, and at a meeting held on January 22nd, 1930, came to the
following conclusions :—■
RE WAREHOUSEMEN.
" The Board does not consider that sufficient evidence has been adduced to warrant it in
proceeding to make an Order establishing a minimum wage in this occupation."
TAXI-DRIVERS.
The situation regarding the taxi-drivers' application was found to be a very difficult one.
The meetings held in Victoria and Vancouver were largely attended by those connected with
the taxicab business; the opinion of the employees heard was by no means unanimous on the
question of a minimum wage for their occupation, many employees expressing themselves as
satisfied with present conditions. Upon canvassing all the evidence submitted, " The Board
decided that the establishing of a minimum wage concerning taxicab employees was not advisable at the present time."
ENGINEERS.
The complaint from fourth-class stationary steam engineers was then discussed and the
evidence brought forward at the several meetings held throughout the Province fully considered.
The following Order applicable to the occupation of stationary steam engineers was adopted by
the Board:—
PROVINCE OP BRITISH COLUMBIA.
" Male Minimum Wage Act."
Order establishing a Minimum Wage in the Occupation of Stationary Steam Engineers.
Pursuant to the provisions of the " Male Minimum Wage Act, 1929," the Board constituted under
the Act, having made due inquiry, and Mr. Cowan having filed his written reasons, hereby orders:—
1. That where used in this Order the expression " stationary steam engineer" means every
employee engaged in the occupation of producing steam in a steam plant under the authority of a
certificate of competency, as defined by section 53 (1) of the "Boiler Inspection Act," or who is in
charge of, or responsible for, any steam boiler or engine while under steam-pressure or in motion;
and the expression " special engineer " means every such employee acting under the authority of a
special certificate or a temporary certificate, as defined by the said section 53 (1) of the " Boiler
Inspection Act."
2. (1.) That, subject to the provisions of section 6 of the Act, the minimum wage for every such
stationary engineer shall be fifty cents (50c.)  per hour.
(2.) That, subject to the provisions of said section 6 of the Act, the minimum wage for every such
special engineer shall be forty cents (40c.) per hour.
Dated at Victoria, B.C., this 22nd day of January, 1930.
J. D. McNiven, Chairman,
Geo. H. Cowan,
Adam Bell,
Members of the Male Minimum Wage Board.
(This Order applies only to male employees over the age of twenty-one years and becomes effective
March 2nd, 1930.)
RE DRUG-STORE EMPLOYEES.
Reference has already been made regarding the appeal made on behalf of the drug-store
employees. .
L 40
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Argument was heard before the Court of Appeal, and on March 4th, 1930, the unanimous
finding was handed down in a written decision signed by Mr. Justice M. A. Macdonald, as
.follows:—
COURT OF APPEAL.
Davenport vs. McNiven, re " Male Minimum Wage Act "—Judgment of
the Honourable Mr. Justice M. A. Macdonald.
Appeal from the judgment of Mr. Justice Murphy refusing to issue a writ of mandamus directed
to members of the Minimum Wage Board, commanding it to hold an inquiry, under the " Male
Minimum Wage Act," Statutes of British Columbia, 1929, chapter 43, into the circumstances surrounding the employment of and the wages paid to licentiates of pharmacy employed in drug-stores.
The Board held that the Act did not apply to qualified drug clerks and its contention was upheld in
the Court below.
Section 17 governs : " This Act shall apply to all ' occupations' other than those of farm-labourers,
fruit-pickers, fruit-packers, fruit and vegetable canners, and domestic servants."
It was held that licentiates of pharmacy follow a professional calling and that the word " occupations " does not cover that class. The word, however, embraces professional pursuits. Professional
men follow their own special " occupation." The point is, did the Legislature employ the word
"occupations" in its ordinary sense or with a more restricted meaning? It is difficult to place a
restricted meaning on the word.    It is not susceptible to it.
Are licentiates of pharmacy professional men? The generally accepted meaning of professional
work is labour in which knowledge of some branch of science and learning is employed in the practice
of an art involving a liberal education. True, the druggist's art is treated as a profession in the
"Pharmacy Act" (R.S.B.C, cap. 193, sec. S), and the examinations and studies pursued before
receiving a licence point to a professional status. But whether or not in modern speech they belong
to the professional class, or whether, if so described, the licentiates step outside the professional fold
when they engage to work for wages or salary for another, need not, and I view it, be considered.
It is not material in reaching a decision in this case.
The Legislature used a word in section 17 (occupations) broad enough to embrace all classes, and
the fact that in the same section it excludes from the operation of the Act farm-labourers, fruit-pickers,
etc., indicates that exceptions were taken care of by specific words which, while embracing five or six
classes, do not extend, as it might, to professional men or to drug clerks. The Legislature applied its
mind to enumerating exceptions. It is now virtually suggested that the Court should legislate by
adding to that list. There is another section (6) giving the Board power to grant exemptions from
the operation of the Act in certain cases, but it is not broad enough to cover the class of employees
under consideration. Nowhere, therefore, are licentiates of pharmacy excepted from the benefits of
the Act. It is also significant that the definition of " employee " and " employer " in section 2 is
broad enough to cover licentiates of pharmacy who receive compensation for " labour or services." The
employer is defined as a " firm or corporation, etc., responsible for the wages of any employee," and
" wages " are defined as compensation for " services " as well as labour. The word " services " is
usually associated with activities of a professional nature.
As to whether the word " occupations " includes drug clerks, there can be little doubt. " Occupation " is that in which one is engaged—one's employment, business. It is " the principal business of
one's life; vocation, calling; trade, the business which a man follows to procure a living or obtain
wealth" (Webster's Dictionary). It may be a mechanical or mercantile employment, or "the
exercising of any business or office" (Murray's Oxford Dictionary). A professional man is not
occupationless.
With a word therefore unambiguous, and a section containing exceptions which do not include
professional men or drug clerks, appellant has the advantage of the rule of interpretation that while
Statutes are to be interpreted " according to the intent of them that made it," yet if the words are
unambiguous their interpretation in their naural and ordinary sense best declares the intention of
Parliament. There is this further observation: Where the words are susceptible of another meaning,
even then there should be no departure from the ordinary use " unless adequate grounds are found,
either in the history or cause of the enactment or in the context, or in the consequences which would
result from the literal interpretation; for concluding that that interpretation does not give the real
intention of the Legislature." Or to put it anoher way, quoing Jervis, C.J., in Mattison v. Hart
(1814), 23 L.J.C.P. 108, 114 :—
" We ought ... to give to an Act of Parliament the plain, fair, literal meaning of its words,
where we do not see from its scope that such meaning would be inconsistent; or would lead to manifest
injustice " (Maxwell on Interpretation of Statutes, 7th ed., pp. 2 and "3).
It is only within the ambit of these exceptions that respondent can hope to succeed. If a manifest
injustice follows, the language may have to be modified to harmonize with a general intention gathered
from the.whole Act and the object it had in view; subject to this—that the language must be capable
of that modification.    If it is not it is for the Legislature to interfere.
Respondent submits, as found by the learned Judge, that where, as here, the common law right
of freedom of contract is interfered with, " it is a sound and well-established canon of construction
of Statutes that such a right is not to be held to be taken away except by express words or necessary REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 41
intendment" (Macdonald, C.J., in Boyer v. Moilett (1920),"30 S.C.R. 216 at 220. Or as it is put
by Maxwell, 7th ed., at p. 245 :—
" Statutes which encroach on the rights of the subject, whether as regards person or property,
are similarly subject to a strict construction in the sense before explained. It is a recognized rule that
they should be interpreted, if possible, so as to respect such rights. It is presumed, where the objects
of the Act do not obviously imply such an intention, that the Legislature does not desire to confiscate
the property, or to encroach upon the rights of persons, and it is therefore expected that, if such be its
intention, it will manifest it plainly, if not in express words, at least by clear implication and beyond
reasonable doubt. It is a proper rule of construction not to construe an Act of Parliament as interfering with or injuring persons' rights without compensation, unless one is obliged so to construe it."
This canon of construction may be pressed too far and it is subject to a qualification referred to
by my brother Martin in Victoria V Drive Yourself v. Wood et al., a judgment recently delivered but
not yet reported, where he refers to Griffiths v. Earl of Dudley (1882) 9 Q.B.D. 367, and our1
" Interpretation Act," R.S.B.C. 1924, cap. 1, sec. 1 (6). Where, as here, there is an invasion of the
common law pursuant to a settled policy, passed too as a result of the growth of a modern view-point
on questions of policy affecting employees, a broad (or at all events a fair) interpretation should be
given to the language used in such remedial legislation. We should not therefore look for a restricted
meaning of words because of an invasion of common law rights in cases of this character, but rather
by scrutinizing the Act itself see if, from the context, the scope of the legislation, and the object in
view, it did exclude, and was intended to exclude, licentiates of pharmacy who are wage-earners.
Some support for this restricted use may be found in the Act. It is a " Minimum Wage Act,"
and " minimum wage " means " the amount of wages fixed by the Board " ; whereas the compensation
earned by licentiates of pharmacy may be dignified with the word " salary," the term " wages " being
confined to remuneration received by workmen in industrial pursuits. This view, however, loses much
of its force when wages are defined in the Act as " compensation for labour or services." The word
" services," as already stated, is appropriate to work of a professional nature; indeed, peculiarly
appropriate to it. If " wages " was not defined as " compensation for labour or services " and was
used without that extended definition, it would, I think, take the restricted meaning given in Murray's
Oxford Dictionary, Part II., p. 11, -namely: " The amount paid periodically, especially by the day or
week or month, for the labour or services of a workman or servant." He points out that it was
formerly used to include the salary or fee paid to persons of official or professional status, but is now
restricted in the way indicated.
It was submitted that the " Hours of Work Act," R.S.B.C. 1924, cap. 107, is a companion Act to
the one under review, and as it is confined to industrial undertakings, so should the " Male Minimum
Wage Act" be so regarded. The two Statutes, however, although having some common objects, as
e.g., preventing labour exploitation, are not altogether in pari materia. One deals primarily with
limiting the hours of labour; the other with compensation for that labour. The subject-matter is
different. It is conceivable, and probable, that in relation to hours of work, the Legislature had in
mind conditions in industrial plants where considerations of health and comfort were involved; but
that in respect to an Act concerning wages there is no reason why it should be limited to any particular
class of wage-earners. I am not at all sure that on principle it follows that the Legislature would
not think of providing for a minimum wage for licentiates of pharmacy who are not proprietors, but
are employed by another. If there are good reasons for excluding them, the Legislature should do it;
not the Courts.
Another submission was, and it is referred to in the judgment under review, that the Act was not
intended to apply to services of this sort because the Board cannot value it; that it is often given
gratuitously or for little monetary return in the early stages of a career, and that as it would not be
fair or practicable (so it was alleged) to specify a minimum wage in such cases the Act could not
be intended to apply to that particular class. That is only another way of saying that in some respects
the Act may prove to be unworkable. That result often arises from legislation either hastily or even
carefully enacted. Its full application is not foreseen. That situation, when and if it arises, calls
for amendment by the authority that created it. The Courts should not under the guise of interpretation depart from the ordinary canons of construction and virtually amend an Act of Parliament.
There is, in any event, no conclusive reason disclosed by the Act itself for assuming that the Legislature, having entered the field, did not intend to regulate the remuneration paid to licentiates of
pharmacy working for a wage. Parliament may not foresee the result of every word employed, but
within the rules of interpretation outlined, effect must be given to every part of the Act even if it
involves hardship, a result that does not necessarily follow in this case.
I would allow the appeal.
(Sgd.)   M. A. Macdonald, J.A.
Vancouver, March 'jih, 19S0.
The effect of the above decision makes it obligatory on the Board to conduct an inquiry into
the application of the drug employees. At the same time an application made by janitors,
cleaners, watchmen, and elevator operators, and occupations of a similar nature, will be
investigated.
The itinerary being as follows: A7ictoria, May 19th; Nanaimo, May 20th ; Vancouver, May
21st, 22nd, and 23rd;  New Westminster, May 26th;   Prince Rupert, May 28th;   Prince George, L 42
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
May 30th ;   Kamloops, June 2nd ;  Vemon, June 3rd ;  Kelowna, June 4th ;  Penticton, June 5th ;
Nelson, June 7th;   Cranbrook, June 9th;   Fernie, June 10th.
AVhile the information contained in this report of the Male Minimum AVage Board covers
part of the year 1930, the Board feels that the subject-matter is of sufficient public interest to
be published at as early a date as possible, and is therefore included in the present reporc.
LABOUR DISPUTES AND CONCILIATION.
It is particularly pleasing to report that industrial activities in the Province have been free
of any serious upheaval during the past year, the relationship between employer and employee
being such that only in a very few instances strikes formed the basis of settling the points in
dispute. 'The number of employees affected and also the number of days lost through the
enforcement of conditions by a strike or lockout is the smallest on record; only 482 employees
being affected for a total of 3,320 working-days. These figures will be a source of gratification
to those who realize that a strike means a distinct loss to both employer and employee, and is
further evidence that those responsible for the formulating of wage agreements are actuated
with a desire to meet and canvass the whole situation, and to arrive at a basis which is apparently satisfactory to all concerned.
The old feeling of suspicion has practically disappeared, because those hitherto who thought
they were unalterably opposed to each other have found that team-work is necessary to bring
about a feeling of mutual understanding. It is interesting to observe that none of the disputes
noted were brought about through an effort of the employers to reduce wages. One was caused
through a desire for " closed shop " conditions, another for infraction of a trade agreement, and
the others for higher pay. The work of conciliation performed by the Department cannot be
measured in statistical form. It is well known that the policy of the Department is not to
interfere in labour disputes, but is always ready to be of assistance when invited by either of
the parties interested.
The loss of time through disputes during the past year is therefore viewed by the Department
as a sign of continued happy relationship between employer and employed.
PHOTO-ENGRAVERS, VANCOUVER.
Employees in a number of establishments ceased work on January 28th for one day for the
purpose of negotiating a new agreement to secure shorter hours and increased wages. A six-year
agreement was signed granting an increase in wages and a reduction in the w7orking-hours, as
follows:—
Year.
Hours per Week.
Hours per Week.
Wages
per Week.
First year....
Second year.
Third year...
Fourth year.
Fifth year....
Sixth year...
2 months at 40 hours
3 months at 40 hours
4 months at 40 hours
'5 months at 40 hours
6 months at 40 hours
12 months at 40 hours
10 months at 44 hours
9 months at 44 hours
8 months at 44 hours
1 months at 44 hours
6 months at 44 hours
$57.50
57.30
60.00
60.00
63.4)0
63.00
At the beginning of the sixth year the men will be on a forty-hour week.
PAINTERS AND PAPER-HANGERS, VICTORIA.
Early in the year the painters and paper-hangers (through their Union, Local 1119) made
a demand that their wages be increased from 75 cents per hour to 85 cents per hour, to take
effect March 1st, 1929, also that an agreement be signed for one year. The Victoria Master
Painters' Association replied that the increase of 10 cents per hour would be granted becoming
effective May 1st, but expressed themselves as unwilling to sign an agreement. The Local Union
offered a compromise extending the time for the increase of 10 cents per hour to April 1st, an
agreement to be signed before March 26th. No action was taken on this offer, and the strike
commenced March 26th. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 43
After the strike had been in force a few days the assistance of the Department of Labour
was sought, which resulted in an agreement being reached on April 9th, the rate being 85 cents
per hour from May 1st, and a working agreement signed for one year.
PLASTERERS, VANCOUVER.
Plasterers ceased work on June 6th, demanding an increase in wages from $10 per eight-hour
day to $11. AVork was resumed on June 20th, an understanding having been reached that an
agreement would be entered into covering an increase in wages at stated intervals, the first
increase being 5 cents an hour commencing August, 1929; from October 10th to November 14th,
1929, $1.25 per hour; from November 15th to February 14th, 1930, $1.30; from February 15th
to August 14th, 1930, $1.35; from August 15th to February 14th, 1931, $1.40; from February 15th
to August 14th, 1931, $1.45 ; from August 15th, 1931, $1.50. For work outside the area mentioned
in the agreement $1 per day extra is to be paid.
Any question as to the termination, alternation, or any dispute which may arise will be
referred to representatives of both parties, whose decision will be accepted by both parties.
If unable to agree, a Board of Conciliation will be formed consisting of three representatives of
each party, whose decision will be binding. If this Board cannot come to a decision the matter
to be referred to the President of the Building and Construction Industries Exchange and the
President of the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council, who shall each appoint representatives
to investigate and render a decision which will be binding on both parties.
PLASTERER LABOURERS, VANCOUVER.
A strike of plasterers' labourers began on June 6th, the demands being for an increase of
pay. A settlement was made providing that in August an increase in wages would be negotiated,
and work was resumed on June 20th.
STRUCTURAL-IRON WORKERS, VICTORIA.
Structural-iron workers on one building ceased work on May 1st to secure an increase in
wages from $9 per day to $10. Work was resumed the next day, there having been a misapprehension as to the meaning of the information received from Union headquarters and that no
strike was intended.
FISHERMEN, PILCHARD INDUSTRY, VANCOUVER ISLAND.
A dispute on August 6th which had the appearance of assuming serious proportions took
place on the west coast of Vancouver Island between the fishermen engaged in the pilchard
industry and the owners of the fish-reduction plants. The fishermen were being paid at the rate
of $3.25 per ton for the fish and a demand was made that the price be increased to $4 per ton.
Hurried meetings were called between operators and fishermen at Nootka and a complete tie-up
was happily averted, the operators granting the increase asked by the fishermen. The men
returned to work on August 8th.
AVOOD-AVORKERS, ArANCOUVER.
On June 24th the employees of one wood-working firm went on strike, the reason being that
the Company was unwilling to recognize the Union. The men returned to work on June 26th,
the Company having signed an agreement with the Local Union.
PRINTERS.
Compositors in a printing establishment in Nelson ceased work on July 18th, complaining
that the management had employed apprentices in excess of the number provided for under
the agreement with the Union. The management claimed that this had been approved by the
Union and that the employees in ceasing work had violated the provisions of the agreement in
connection with disputes. Attempts were made to bring the parties together, but failed.
Complaint as to the admission of aliens under contract was investigated by the representative
of the Labour Department, Ottawa, and it appeared one of the new employees was a Canadian
by birth, another had entered Canada prior to the dispute, and the others had returned to the
United States. L 44
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
SUMMARY OF LABOUR DISPUTES, 1929.
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
Photo-engravers-
A'ancouver......
Painters—
Victoria..
Structural-iron workers-
Victoria..-	
Plasterers—
ATaneouver..
Plasterers' labourers-
Vancouver	
Fishermen—-
A'ancouver Island..
Wood-workers—
Vancouver.	
Ceased work for one day for the purpose of negotiating new
agreement to secure shorter hours and an increase in wages
A demand was made that the hourly rate be increased from
75 cents to 85 cents per hour, effective March 1st, and that
an agreement be signed. The Master Painters' Association
offered an increase of 10 cents per hour from May 1st, but
refused to sign au agreement. A strike was called March
26th, and on April 9th a working agreement was signed for
one year, the rate being 85 cents per hour
Work was stopped on May 1st, but resumed the next day, the
calling of the strike being due to a misunderstanding
The plasterers went on strike on June 6th, demanding an
increase from $10 to $11 per day. Work was resumed June
26th on the understanding an agreement would be entered
into covering a gradual increase in wages, the first increase
being 5 cents per hour, commencing August, 1929
A strike of plasterers' labourers took place on June 6th for
an increase in wages. AVork was resumed June 20th on the
understanding that in August an increase would be granted
A dispute arose between the fishermen engaged in the pilchard
industry, the men demanding an increase in the rate paid
per ton of pilchards, the rate paid being $3.25 and the men
demanded $4 per ton. A complete tie-up was averted when
the operators granted the demands of the fishermen
On June 24th the employees of one plant went on strike
because the Company would not sign an agreement with
the Union. After two days' lay-off an agreement was
signed and the men returned to work
Totals	
No. of
Employees
affected.
20
110
50
120
80
100
Time lost
in
Working-
days.
20
990
50
1,200
800
200
60
4S2
3,320 REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 45
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE.
General Superintendent Jas. H. McVety.
B.C. Workmen's Compensation and Labour Offices, corner Homer
and Dunsmuir Streets, A'ancouver.
Branch Offices.
Vancouver, cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets 1
Vancouver (Women's Branch, cor. Homer and Dunsmuir I W. S. Dickson, Superintendent.
Streets   J
A'ictoria,  Langley and Broughton Streets )»»•#•• t i   j» -«        ■ ±    it
t,. x    .     ,-,-., ,   -r.        .0  »       , j, ™        ....      ..■     .    i H. Crisford, Superintendent.
A'letoria (Women s Branch), Langley and Broughton Streets I
New Westminster M. Standbridge, Superintendent.
Nanaimo  - ,.....!.  T.  Carrigan,   Superintendent.
Kamloops , J. H. How, Superintendent.
Penticton A. Gilley,  Superintendent.
Nelson J. M. Dronsfield, Superintendent.
Cranbrook  Wm. Robson, Superintendent.
Revelstoke H.  N.  Coursier,  Superintendent.
Prince Rupert , ..J. M. Campbell, Superintendent.
Prince George   G. C. Sinclair, Superintendent.
Handicap Section.
("G. S. Bell, Clerk.
Vancouver, cor. Homer and Dunsmuir Streets  J R. L.  Mavius,  Clerk.
[H. Parry, Clerk.
Victoria, Langley and Broughton Streets W. A. Turner, Clerk.
The following report is submitted by the General Superintendent of the Employment
Service:—
This is the eleventh annual report of the British Columbia Branch of the Employment
Service of Canada, a branch of the Department of Labour, and covers the work for the
calendar year 1929.
There are thirteen offices in operation in the Province, as follows: Arancouver (2), Victoria
(2), New AVestminster, Nanaimo, Prince Rupert, Prince George, Cranbrook, Nelson, Revelstoke,
Kamloops, and Penticton. .Separate offices are provided in Vancouver and Victoria for the
employment of women, and separate sections for dealing with the employment problems of men
handicapped through service overseas or in industrial occupations. Temporary offices were
operated in Vernon and Kelowna from May to November to take care of the seasonal labour
requirements in those districts.
CONDITIONS DURING THE YEAR.
Due largely to a greatly reduced grain-crop in the Prairie Provinces, the debacle in the stock
market, and an excess of .immigrants over requirements, conditions during the year 1929, from
an employment point of view, were the worst experienced during the past eight years. Many
of the principal industries were affected, and although the number of persons employed throughout the Province increased, the situation at the end of the period under review indicated that
the number of unemployed in this Province had also been greatly increased by immigration and
a much larger influx from the Prairie Provinces, due to lack of employment opportunities there.
Placements within the Province practically equalled those of the previous year, but the
transfer to other Provinces, due to poor crop conditions, suffered a reduction of 63 per cent., this
heavy loss in Prairie placements reducing the total placements for the year by 24 per cent.
In August the Dominion Government passed an Order in Council prohibiting the entry of labour
from foreign countries under contract, and through close co-operation between the Immigration
Department and the Employment Service many positions were made available for Canadians
and British subjects generally. As the beneficial effects of this Order became better known the
pressure for its strict enforcement increased. L 46
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
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Q REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 4T
The Handicap sections in Vancouver and Victoria carried on an effective campaign for the
employment of handicapped ex-service men and those injured in industry, and, despite adverse
industrial conditions, were able to place a larger number of this class of applicant in
employment.
BUSINESS TRANSACTED DURING THE YEAR.
The business transacted is shown in detail by a chart and tables, the figures showing the
business done by offices and months. AATithin the Province the number of placements nearly
equalled those of the previous year, but adverse crop conditions in the Prairie Provinces caused
a reduction in extra-provincial placements of 63 per cent. The number of placements during
the year was 46,915, and of this number 3,955 were sent to other Provinces, all but 468 being
harvest-labourers, the balance being farm-labourers for spring farm-work and miscellaneous
classifications. Within the Province 1,829 workers were transferred from one employment zone
to another; 1,692 were sent from Vancouver to industries situated in different outlying parts
of the Province. Of the 46,915 placements, 28,384 were sent to " regular " positions, where the
duration ranged from one week to permanence. The balance, 18,531, were given " casual"
employment of less than one week's duration. The number of women placed was 9,453, and
of this number 5,048 received " regular " positions and 4,405 " casual" employment, the latter
being practically all in the domestic service branch. The work of the Handicap sections of
Vancouver and Victoria, included in the foregoing figures, is dealt with in another paragraph.
The chart which appears on page 46 shows the work of the offices in graphical form. The
changes throughout the year are shown on the graph and the line indicating applicants shows
clearly the surplus of labour over the requirements. The sharp fluctuations are due to harvest
requirements in the Prairie Provinces and seasonal demands in agricultural work within the
Province.
FARM-LABOURERS FOR PRAIRIE PROATINCES.
For the first time in the history of the Prairie Provinces the crop was harvested without
the assistance of harvest-labourers from Eastern Canada, the supply of labour available locally,
supplemented by 3,487 men and women from this Province, being sufficient to meet the requirements. In 1928 a high record of transfers to Prairie Provinces was established, 10,812 persons
having been directed to employment through the Employment Service of this Province. In the
season under review the number fell to 3,487, which was by far the smallest since the movement
began in 1921. Poor crops, local surplus of labour, and the use of the " combine " machine to
a greater extent were all contributing factors in reducing the demand for men. The effects of
the small crop and consequent reduced purchasing-power of the farmers was immediate and
widespread. Transportation was first to suffer, followed by the lumber industry until every.
industry in any way dependent on Prairie markets felt the effects. The interdependency of
manufacture and agriculture was never better exemplified than during the past year.
Of the number sent 2,888 were men and 599 women. Alberta received 690 men and 226
women. Saskatchewan reecived 2,166 men and 345 women, and 32 men and 28 women were
sent to Manitoba. There were 2,238 in possession of letters offering employment from farmers
by whom they had previously been employed. The number of British Columbia land settlers
who participated in this movement was greatly reduced, owing to the unfavourable reports of
crop conditions and the expectation that the duration of employment would be too short to
warrant them leaving their own places.
SEASONAL LABOUR REQUIREMENTS.
There was the usual seasonal demand for help to harvest and preserve the fruit, vegetable,
and hop crops, varying in different districts with the nature and quantity of crop and the
available local labour-supply. The Employment Service offices were able to meet every demand
in all branches of agriculture, fishing, and related industries.
EMPLOYMENT FOR HANDICAPPED MEN.
The agreement between the Dominion and Provincial Governments entered into in December,
1924, providing for special facilities in certain offices of the Employment Service to handle
employment for handicapped ex-service men, continued in force during the year.    Under this L 48 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
arrangement special sections are provided in the Vancouver and Victoria offices, with three men
in Vancouver and one in Victoria assigned to this branch of the work, the salaries and expenses
being paid by the Dominion Government. By this method of operation a greater variety of
employment is available to handicapped men than if they were depending on offices dealing with
this class of labour exclusively. Each year the problem becomes more acute owing to the
advancing age of ex-service men and the natural sequence to those impaired by injury or
exposure received in war service. As previously reported, the Dominion Government offers
special inducements to employers who engage pensioners and provides facilities for the care of
those unable to work and likely to become a charge on the community. Due to favourable
weather conditions the Coast area of British Columbia has attracted a much larger number of
handicapped ex-service men than our industries can absorb, despite the efforts of the staff and
the original schemes devised to revive public interest in the problem. Time has dulled the
sensitivity of the citizens to sentimental appeals and the almost constant surplus of physically
fit men still further aggravates the situation, particularly during the winter months.
Although 1929 was a poor year from an employment point of view, the Handicap sections
were able to place 20 per cent, more men than during the previous year, the greater part of
the increase, however, being in the " casual " employment field.
The total number of placements was 2,055, and of this number 540 were " regular," ranging
from one week's employment to permanence, the balance, 1,515, being placed in positions where
the duration of employment was expected to be less than one week. The A7ictoria office was
responsible for 165 ex-service and 30 industrial handicap placements in " regular " positions and
454 and 115 respectively in the " casual " field. Vancouver placed 289 ex-service and 18 industrials in employment ranging from one week to permanence and 888 and 58 respectively in jobs
lasting less than seven days. In addition to placements in its own territory, the Vancouver
office placed 38 handicaps in other employment zones. The magnitude of the problem and the
unsuitability of the employment for the men or the men for the work offering will be better
appreciated when it is understood that handicapped men had a preference over all applicants
in filling 12,038 orders.
OTHER BRANCHES OP ACTIVITY.
In addition to employment-work the officers deal with many other phases of the industrial
life of the Province. Our officials are freely consulted by bankers, trade organizations, and individuals regarding present conditions and future prospects, and many organizations refer all
written inquiries for information regarding employment to the Employment Service offices.
In August, 1929, an Order in Council was passed by the Dominion Government prohibiting
the importation or entry of labour under contract. The term " contract labour " is defined as
" any immigrant seeking entry to Canada under contract or agreement, express or implied,
to perform labour or service of any kind in Canada."
Because of the close connection of the Employment Service with the industrial activities
of the Province and a greater knowledge of the labour requirements and the supply, an arrangement has been made between the Departments of Labour and Immigration to refer applications
for importation of persons who are within the prohibited class to the Employment Service to
ascertain if the class of help which is desired to import is available in Canada. On receipt
of this information the applications are dealt with by the Division Commissioner of Immigration. The adoption of this policy has made it possible for many of our citizens to obtain positions in this country which would otherwise have been filled by aliens, and these opporttrnities
are particularly appreciated by'British subjects who find themselves prevented from entering
other countries by quota and other restrictive legislation.
At the end of its eleventh year, the Employment Service, with a fair degree of co-operation
and support from all classes in the Province, has made appreciable progress in the fulfilment
of the purposes for which it was created. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 49
BUSINESS TRANSACTED BY BRITISH COLUMBIA OFFICES, 1929.
Office.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders,
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out of
B.C.
Cranbrook	
Kamloops	
Kelowna	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster	
Penticton	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Vancouver  (Richards Street)
Vancouver  (Powell Street)....
\rancouver  (Women)	
Vernon	
Victoria	
Victoria  (Women)	
Totals	
3,464
3,398
884
2,423
1,983
4,487
2,736
1,613
8,061
1,724
23,076
21,912
15,989
1,250
9,606
3,089
107,695
2,245
1,514
395
1,187
2,148
1,575
1,325
966
738
618
'5,763
9,671
6,802
627
6,275
2,836
44,685
2,202
1,370
390
1,176
2,038
1,557
1,286
942
'720
581
'5,472
9,588
5,985
619
6,221
2,813
42,960
1
2
1
29
36
19
604
951
137
1
19
15
1,829
11
67
17
55
410
47
348
77
4
2,193
433
49
174
70
3,953
BUSINESS TRANSACTED MONTHLY, BRITISH COLUMBIA OFFICES, 1929.
Month.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out of
B.C.
January	
February ,
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December	
Totals
7,141
7,413
10,619
8,034
10,327
8,463
7,976
13,151
9,513
8,453
9,902
6,703
107,695
1,929
2,136
3,415
3,745
5,297
4,727
4,328
7,261
4,247
2.9S5
2,579
2,036
44,685
1,871
2,030
3,246
3,506
'5,025
4,478
4,220
7,096
4,121
2,926
2,512
1,929
42,960
37
46
131
22'5
257
■21'2
167
337
165
109
101
42
1
11
89
194
75
46
19
1,835
1,672
3
2
1,829
3,955 L 50
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
INSPECTION OF FACTORIES.
Chief Inspector , W. T. Hamilton.
Assistant Inspector   H.   Douglas.
Assistant Inspector Essie Brown.
The following report is submitted by the Chief Inspector of Factories:—
I have the honour of submitting herewith the annual report of the Factory Inspection
Branch for the year 1929.
The vast development of industry in the Province, the advancement of more adequate equipment, and the ambition of those already in the industry for a larger output is making the work
of this Branch more technical and complicated. Regardless of this fact, our efforts are concerned
with the health and safety of the employees in the factory, and for this reason, not only do we
have to make inspections, but such inspections must be followed up in order that satisfactory
results be attained. In some instances we have had to visit a plant four times before securing
our chief objective.
As our inspection-work is somewhat different to other branches of the service, we find it
essential that the inspections should be made at different seasons of the year to be able to cope
with the different situations. Owing to climatic conditions the production in many manufacturing plants fluctuates considerably. Therefore we endeavour to make inspections at such
times as the maximum amount of labour is required, and, on the other hand, if business is
prosperous, the employer is more anxious to comply with the requirements of the Statute than
in times of depression.
It is our desire to have the co-operation of both employers and employees so that we may
attain a higher standard in both sanitary conditions and accident-prevention.
For the past year employers and employees have, with a few exceptions, co-operated with
this Branch in bringing about better working conditions, which proves that our effots have been
of direct benefit to those concerned.
ACCIDENT-PREVENTION.
In the present day and age we must view accident-prevention from the humanitarian side
and leave the dollar-and-cents aspect for a secondary consideration.
First and foremost, prevention of accidents means increased production, for the absence from
work through injury of those who are accomplished in their particular line means the training
of others. This alone means a decrease in the output. Further, after returning to work it is
long before the employee who has been injured reaches his standard of production. Sometimes
an injured workman never attains his former productive capacity and to this extent the effects
of accidents are often far-reaching.
This being one side, it must now be viewed from the other. The use of guards and other
safety appliances tend toward increased production at minimum cost, to say nothing of the
decrease in the number of accidents, the chief reason being that unless every hazard is protected
the operator cannot concentrate solely upon his work, for in his mind is the thought that he must
watch certain features. He must exercise extreme care to keep from being injured, with the
result that his work is not what it otherwise could have been. If his equipment were properly
safeguarded, his undivided attention could be given to his work, with the result of increased
output. The lack of adequate guards tends to retard production ; thus safety features are added
advantages towards a direct increase in operative production, and from a direct financial point
of view, compensation assessments require no undue consideration.
COMPLAINTS.
The usual number of complaints have been received, these referring mostly to excessive
hours of work, sanitary conditions, and defective or unguarded machinery.
All complaints are promptly investigated and, if justified, corrective measures are ordered
to remedy the conditions complained of. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 51
SANITARY CONDITIONS.
Owing to changes in business locations, especially in the larger cities of the Province, a
number of factories are to-day occupying premises which were originally intended for stores
and offices. 1'hese buildings are not altogether suited for manufacturing purposes, as they have
not the ventilation nor the sanitary conveniences which are essential in the manufacturing
industry and, more especially where female help is employed.
A number of these factories were inspected and recommendations made for alterations in
compliance with the Act, and with one exception the employers were only too pleased to make
such alterations as would be of benefit to the employees.
In one case, that of a tailor-shop, we were compelled to take Court proceedings, in which
a Court order was made, giving the employer thirty days to comply with the Act, and before the
expired date of the order the employer moved to a new location complying with the law.
In one of the larger printing establishments in the Province controversy arose between the
employees and the employers regarding the ventilation of the composing-room. Some of the
employees maintained that they contracted lead-poisoning due to the existence of monoxide gas.
The Inspector, after investigation, however, could not see but what the said composing-room had
sufficient natural ventilation ; but to make certain monoxide or other injurious gases did not
exist, he asked for the assistance of the Provincial Health Officer, who in due time had tests
made of the air in the room and could find no trace of gases detrimental to the health of the
employees therein.
PASSENGER AND FREIGHT ELEVATORS.
Although the majority of passenger and freight elevators are suspended from cables, this
means of transportation has, after years of use, proved one of the safest means of conveyance.
In recent years the equipment used in this mode of travel has been extensively improved by
the introduction of mechanical devices which relieve the elevator operator of duties which in
the older installations are somewhat laborious. In modern elevator installations power-operated
doors and gates are provided, these doors being equipped with interlocking appliances which
prevent the starting of the car before the hoistway-doors are closed and locked. Automatic
levelling devices which bring the car level with the landing under all conditions are also features
which add greatly to the safety of the public. Owing to the increased height of buildings now
being constructed in the larger centres, it follows that it requires considerably more time to
make elevator inspections than before the advent of the sky-scraper. This portion of our duties
is increasing yearly. During the year 247 passenger and 20S freight elevators were inspected,
the orders issued after inspection of a number of the older installations being so extensive that
it was decided by the owners to install modern equipment.
According to our records the year under review constitutes a record for new elevator
installations. Thirty-one passenger and thirty-four freight elevators were installed in different
parts of the Province. AVith these additions the number of elevators in the Province totals
383 passenger and 485 freight, and this number is being increased at a rapid rate.
No serious accidents occurred on elevators which are required by Statute to be operated
by licensed operators, and a record of this nature reflects great credit on the owners of the
buildings and the persons in charge of the elevators.
AVe regret, however, to have to report the occurrence of two fatalities during the year.
The first was a young boy who was delivering newspapers to subscribers in an apartment-house
in which an automatic push-button elevator is installed. This elevator is provided with electric
contacts on all hoistway-doors and the car-gate and both must be fully closed before the car can
be started. Investigation immediately following the accident revealed these switches and the
controller to be in proper working-order. Regardless of this fact, the young boy in some unaccountable manner got caught between the hoistway-doors and the car-gate when some party
unknown pressed the push-button to bring the car to a lower landing, resulting in being instantly
killed by the descending car.
The other fatality to which reference is made occurred to a youth 17 years of age, and took
place in a factory in which a freight-elevator is located. Investigation of this accident disclosed
that deceased, along with a fellow-employee, had for some unknown reason gone to one of the
upper floors of the building. After being there for some time he decided to go down to the
lower floor of the plant.    He had walked down the stairs from the third to the second floor and L 52 . DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
it is supposed, decided to use the freight-elevator to convey him the remaining distance. In order
to reach the rope controlling the operation of the elevator, investigation revealed the fact that
deceased walked along a plank which had been placed by the superintendent of the plant between
the counter-weight runway and the wall of the building, thereby introducing a very hazardous
condition. Deceased, not realizing the danger, was leaning over between the braces supporting
the counter-weight runway watching the car ascending and was crushed by descending counterweights.
ELEVATOR OPERATORS.
During the year 446 males and 176 females renewed their licences and 211 males and 85
females wrote examinations for elevator operators, making a total of 932 licensed operators,
this being an increase of 100 over the previous year.
A number of applicants had to be refused because of immature age, misrepresentation, or
because they were not British subjects. One operator's licence was suspended, due to violation
of the regulations governing elevator operators.
HOURS OP AVORK OP FEMALE EMPLOYEES.
During the year forty-eight requests were made in writing for an extension of the hours
of work.    Some of these were due to the lack of sufficient electric power to enable the industry
to work to capacity during the  regular working-hours,  while  others were due  to increased
business for a couple of weeks during the summer months, and others owing to accidents to
equipment.
After investigation by the Inspector, forty-two permits were granted and six refused. Those
refused did not, in the opinion of the Inspector, have just reason for requesting such permission,
as their factory did not have sufficient and adequate equipment to carry on business even under
normal conditions.
During the past year female workers have entered occupations which heretofore had been
thought reserved for male employees. AAre refer particularly to the shingle industry. In this
industry the sawing and packing of shingles has been performed by male workers. Owing to
a combination of circumstances, females were engaged as shingle-packers in some mills in the
Province. The introduction of this class of labour made it necessary to order certain changes
in the working conditions in the plants employing this class of labour in order that the safety,
health, and comfort of these employees would be assured. Frequent inspections of these plants
were made for the purpose of observation during different climatic conditions.
CHILD-LABOUR.
Twenty-four requests were made for permission for children to work in canneries during
the fruit season. In all cases permits were granted, but for the period of school holidays only,
and the hours of work to be such as are set forth in the " Factories Act."
HOURS OP AVORK IN LAUNDRIES.
In the past year considerable time has been devoted to the enforcement of the Act pertaining
to the operation of laundries.
AVhile practically all the Occidental laundries employ female help and adhere to the eight-
hour-day law except on special occasions when the exigencies of the trade require, and on all
such occasions the employers make application to the Inspector for a permit for such hours as
may be required.
The Oriental laundries are somewhat different in this respect. They do not as a rule employ
females and therefore operate their laundries from 7 o'clock in the forenoon until 7 o'clock in
the afternoon, as is permitted by the " Factories Act." In many instances these laundrymen
have been known to operate their laundries in excess of these hours, knowing such operations
to be contrary to the Act. After notification has been served on these operators they continue
to violate the Act, which means there is no alternative but to take Court proceedings, and even
after being convicted and fined they have been known to commit the same offence within one
month after their first conviction. Therefore we are compelled to make inspections of these
laundries continually to accomplish a satisfactory observance of the Act. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 53
During the year thirty-one informations were laid against these offenders and twenty-five
were convicted, of which five were convicted of a second offence. In one case where an information was laid against an offender, an old man appeared in Court to answer to the summons
and informed the Court that he had quit the laundry business and his friends were paying his
way back to China. If he were convicted he would become a burden on the municipality as he
did not have any money. On the understanding that he return to China and with the consent
of the Court the charge was withdrawn.
In another case an information was laid and summons served on an Oriental laundryman,
but when the case was called he did not appear and the case was adjourned for one week.
On investigation it was discovered that this laundry ceased operation and the owner had already
set sail for his native land.    The charge was withdrawn.
In one city summonses were served on three laundrymen for non-compliance with the Act.
The cases were heard in Police Court and all three were fined the minimum fine. On advice of
counsel, who maintained that the Act applied only to employees and not to owners who were
not employers of labour, the cases were appealed to the County Court. The Judge, after hearing
the cases, permitted both the counsel for the laundrymen and the counsel for the Crown to
submit written arguments, and after due consideration upheld the Magistrate's decision and the
conviction stood. L 54 DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
REPORT OF THE MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Members of the Board.
J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister of Labour, Chairman Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Helen Gregory MacGill 1492 Harwood Street, Arancouver.
Thomas Mathews, Real-estate Broker 517 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Officials of the Board.
Mabel A. Cameron,  Secretary Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Essie Brown, Inspector 411 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver.
To the Honourable the Minister of Labour,
Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—AVe have the honour to submit herewith the twelfth annual report of the Minimum
AVage Board of British Columbia for the year ended December 31st, 1929.
The " Minimum AVage Act" was placed on the statute-books early in 1918, and in July that
year the Board was appointed. Its members serve without salary or fees. For the first year
the work was carried on from the office of the Chairman in Victoria, but after the Orders
were made it became apparent that a branch office in Arancouver would be necessary. This was
opened in 1919, and is now located in the Labour and Compensation Building at 411 Dunsmuir
Street, with Mrs. Essie Brown, Inspector, in charge. The work of the Board is directed from
the head office in Arictoria, with headquarters in the Parliament Buildings.
NINE ORDERS IN FORCE.
Orders have been made to cover practically all classes of work in which women and girls
are engaged throughout the Province. As domestic servants, fruit-pickers, farm-labourers, and
their employers are excluded from the scope of the Act, no regulations have been made for these
groups.    A convenient summary of the nine Orders may be found in the Appendix to this report.
AMENDMENT CONTEMPLATED TO MANUFACTURING ORDER.
As the existing Orders are providing adequate protection, and no petitions for their revision
have been received from either employers or employees during the past twelve months, we have
no variations in the regulations to report for 1929. The Board, however, is contemplating
amending the Manufacturing Order in 1930, by adding to the schedules for learners a list of
occupations which are not included at the present time. These are either new vocations or
those in which women and girls were not working when the Order was put into effect. It is not
anticipated to make any changes in the wages.
COMPLAINTS AND COLLECTIONS.
The Board has been busy with the enforcement of the regulations, in an unobtrusive and
tolerant manner. Considering that the work of over 20,000 women is covered by the Orders,
and human nature being what it is, the most optimistic could never expect 100 per cent, compliance. Most employers are obeying the law and treating their staffs fairly. Through pay-roll
inspections, routine investigations by officials, and from complaints lodged by employees, or
persons reporting on their behalf, some infringements have come to light.
Quite frequently complaints have been found groundless, usually through an apparent misunderstanding of some particular phase of an Order or an incorrect or incomplete knowledge of
the circumstances. A full explanation to the person lodging the complaint often banishes the
erstwhile grievance.
In cases where employees had been paid below the legal minimum adjustments were effected
through the Board's efforts. During the year arrears of wages were paid to employees throughout the Province in the sum of $2,838.61, this amount being equivalent to the difference between REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929. L 55
wages set by law and the money paid to the respective employees. Those who recovered these
arrears were working in hotels, restaurants and cafes, florists' shops, confectionery-stores,
departmental and other mercantile establishments, laundries and cleaning plants, beauty-
parlours, fruit-canneries, commercial and professional offices, millinery and dressmaking shops,
and factories of various kinds. Practical protection afforded by the Act was experienced, therefore, by women and girls in many classes of employment.
As in previous years, it has been noted again that the offending employers are usually
foreigners, or owners of businesses who, through lack of systematic management, can see no
way to reduce their overhead expenses except by cutting wages.
COURT CASES.
Wishing to save employees the unpleasantness of publicity attendant upon Police Court
cases, the Board's policy has been to avoid prosecutions, unless circumstances are such that
action of this kind becomes absolutely necessary. AVhen employers show a willingness to
co-operate with the Board after an infraction of an Order has occurred, they are given a chance
to make an adjustment with the employee by paying what is due or reducing the working-hours.
In 1929 it was necessary to bring twelve actions before the Magistrate, in eleven of which convictions were obtained. The twelfth one was withdrawn after settlement had been made with
the girls. Six of the cases originated in restaurants or cafes. Mercantile establishments
accounted for two, a law office and a real-estate brokerage for one each, while a milliner and
dressmaker were the offenders in the balance of the cases. All twelve cases originated in the
City of Vancouver.    A brief summary of these is appended.
Restaurant Violations.
1. Three charges were laid against the Japanese proprietor of a cafe for requiring his
employees to work excessively long hours at wages below the legal amount. The accused was
convicted, fined $25 on one count, with suspended sentence on the others, and ordered to pay
arrears due the girls in the sum of $44.20. Later in the year further complaints were lodged
on behalf of three other waitresses in the same restaurant and prosecutions were started.
A remand was granted when the charge was first read in Court. Subsequently the agents for
the building closed the place for non-payment of rent, and when the case came up again the
accused did not appear. A bench warrant was issued for his arrest. At the end of the year
he had not been located.
2. At a fairly large lunch-stand it was found that eleven girls were being employed more
than forty-eight hours a week, their wages also falling below the correct standard. As the
proprietors had made adjustments with employees previously they were not given a second
opportunity to settle out of Court. Prosecution was started and eleven informations laid. The
manager pleaded guilty, whereupon a fine of $25 was levied on one charge, with suspended
sentence on the other ten. The employees received $204.17 in arrears of wages on order of the
Court, and the working-hours were reduced to comply with the provisions of the order.
3. A troublesome case arose over the employment of three women in a combined cafe and
confectionery-store. The proprietor was brought to Court. After several remands the evidence
was taken on behalf of two girls. It was of a conflicting nature in regard to the amount due
the waitresses, on account of a dispute as to the length of time they had for meals. The
Magistrate urged the interested parties to try to reach a settlement. This was accomplished and
one employee received $50 and the other $35. The third girl's case resulted in a bitterly fought
controversy, with four witnesses for the prosecution and one for the defence. The Magistrate
reserved his decision for a week, as he was unable to specify offhand the amount he judged due
the girl, the evidence as to the number of meals received by the waitresses being very contradictory. Eventually she was awarded $21. The accused did not hesitate to plead guilty to the
charge of compelling his help to work long hours, but he would not admit his liability for the
amounts claimed by the workers. He was convicted, fined $25, and the employees received the
respective sums mentioned above.
4. A girl employed in a cafe complained about the long hours and the Inspector went to
make an investigation. As the proprietor, a Greek, refused to give her access to his books, she
issued a summons against him. He was found guilty, paid a $25 fine into Court, and $14 to
the girl. 5. In a restaurant operated by Chinese proprietors it was discovered that the girls were
working in excess of the prescribed hours. The Chinaman, who professed to be the manager,
refused to pay any overtime, so charges were laid in Police Court. The case was called, and
remanded several times, during which period two of the girls left town, and for weeks the
manager could not be located. A partner, however, consented to settle with the girls and the
case was withdrawn. Five employees received respectively $3.30, $4.60, $11.83, $17.89, and
$46.60, the full amounts claimed, and the working-hours at the restaurant were reduced to the
great satisfaction of the waitresses.
6. Charges were laid for three employees in another Chinese cafe, where all were working
eight hours in excess of the legal forty-eight, and being paid inadequately. The accused,
through his counsel, pleaded guilty and asked for the minimum penalty, the City Prosecutor
concurring in this request. The Magistrate thereupon levied a $25 fine in one case and suspended sentence in the others. The girls received, on order of the Court, $2.59, $6.80, and
$13.68 respectively.
As an aftermath of this case the Chief of Police placarded the establishment under the
" Women's and Girls' Protection Act " as being an undesirable place, from a moral standpoint,
for white girls to be employed.
Mercantile Cases.
7. A fruit-stand owner was found to be breaking the law in the case of two employees,
coupling low wages with long hours. Four informations were laid. The accused pleaded guilty,
was fined $25, and ordered to pay $131.63 in arrears, and reduce the working-hours to come within
the prescribed maximum.
8. In a florist's shop a young girl under 18 was being paid $5 a week. Her employer refused
to increase her wages and wanted her to take flowers to the value of $3 each week to supplement her pay. She would not agree to this arrangement and was soon discharged. Prosecution
was started and when the case was called her employer pleaded guilty. The usual fine of $25
was levied and the young girl received her arrears in the sum of $11.
Office Infractions.
9. A real-estate broker employed a 17-year-old girl for office-work and agreed to give her
$30 a month, but even this small salary was not paid promptly. The Inspector endeavoured to
induce the employer to settle with the girl, but he claimed inability to do so. The girl's mother,
a widow, wished the matter taken to Court, and after the evidence was heard the Magistrate
registered a conviction against the broker, ordered a fine of $25, and $93.96 to be paid to the
stenographer. Unfortunately the employer's affairs were in financial chaos. The Sheriff seized
the firm's furniture, and as he personally had no other assets it seems unlikely that all his liabilities will be discharged. At the time the report goes to press his fine has not been paid, nor
has he settled with the girl.
10. A stenographer, claiming three years' experience in office-work, was hired by a lawyer
tin the understanding that she should be paid $35 or $40 a month. After being employed some
time she was told she would receive $20 only. Upon investigation by an official of the Board
the employer agreed to settle. When it became apparent that his promise was not to be kept
an information was laid against him. After several remands and a reserved decision on the
part of the Magistrate as to the exact amount due the girl, a fine of $25 was imposed, and
the young lady deemed to be entitled to $37.20, which was ordered paid. The employer's next
step was to induce another firm to execute a garnishee for $11.45 and cost of attachment proceedings in the sum of $11.60, which, if carried into effect, would leave very little for the girl,
who claimed she owed $5.50 only to the firm which was supposed to garnishee. When the City
Prosecutor heard of this effort of the lawyer to reduce the amount of the girl's settlement, he
advised that under the " Attachment of Debts Act" there is an exemption from garnishee up
to $60, and consequently the accused could not carry out his scheme. He thereupon paid the
$37.20 to his former employee.
Manufacturing Infringements.
11. In a millinery establishment a young lady had been employed a short while for nothing,
then given $1 a week for two months, $2 a week for a further two months, raised to $3 a week REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 57
for three months, and finally paid $4 weekly for three months. Her employer then agreed to
pay her $7.50, but did not do so. When the girl was told to hide in the back of the shop if
an Inspector called, she became suspicious and immediately came to the Minimum Wage Board
office to obtain first-hand information about wages and hours. A copy of the Order was given
to her, and with it she returned to tell her employer of the underpayment and was instantly
dismissed. Action was started for violation of the regulations. The accused was convicted,
fined $25, and ordered to give the girl $136.50. This sum was paid into Court and an appeal
against the Magistrate's decision was taken to a higher tribunal. When the case was called
before the County Court Judge, neither the appellant nor her lawyer appeared. The Judge
allowed two days for counsel to decide if the appeal was to proceed. AVhen it was called again
no one appeared, so it was dismissed. The $136.50 held in Police Court until the appeal case
was decided was then turned over to the girl.
12. A dressmaker, employing a number of women and girls, was underpaying some of her
staff to a considerable extent. One girl who had been indentured as an apprentice and had
completed her training period was still receiving less than the legal wage. The employer
refused to adjust matters after having been given every opportunity to settle out of Court.
Two charges were laid, a fine of $50 imposed, being $25 for each infraction. One employee was
awarded $209.61 arrears and the other received $217.70.
STATISTICAL SECTION.
At the close of 1929 the Board sent out its ■ yearly request for pay-roll returns, and, in
response, received replies from 3,602 individuals and firms employing 20,766 women and girl
employees. In addition to this number some were returned too late to be included in the statistical tables. This is to be regretted, as it is the desire of the Board to compile information which
will be as complete and comprehensive as possible. In this connection, therefore, more prompt
co-operation from the dilatory employers is sought for the future. To those who sent in their
forms without delay the Board records its appreciation.
From a study of the following tables it will be noted that 177 more employers reported in
1929 than in 1928, and there was a corresponding gain of 1,389 in the number of employees.
The tables cover the nine occupations or industries for which the Board has made Orders.
A summary, including figures for all the groups, sets out important information for 1929, and
allows of comparative study of conditions for four previous years. The data asked for in the
questionnaire were for the week in which the greatest number of women and girls was employed.
Mercantile Industry.
Number of Arms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
1929.
458
3,723
391
$56,065.22
$5,367.50
$15.06
$9.08
13.70%
43.16
1928.
478
3.563
674
!53,270.55
$6,467.50
$14.95
$9.60
15.91%
43.57
480
3,282
635
$50,231.73
$6,250.50
$15.31
$9.84
16.21?
45.35
1926.
466
2,820
456
$42,508.65
$4,222.50
$15.07
$9.26
13.92%
44.54
382
2,574
442
$39,017.26
$4,000.50
$15.16
$9.05
14.66%
43.24
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $12.75; 1,083 or
25.1 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
2,332 or 54.06 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 899 or
20.84 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $12.75 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers
over 18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a
pro rata basis. L 58
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Laundry Industry.
1929.
1928.
1927.
1926.
1925.
Number of firms reporting.	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over IS years...	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week ,
70
1,056 .
147
$15,420.50
$1,444.50
$14.60
$9.83
12.22%
45.30
66
962
128
$14,036.49
$1,234.00
$14.59
$9.64
11.74%
45.39
59
822
137
$11,906.50
$1,306.00
$14.56
$10.19
14.29%
45.11
59
799
123
$11,484.90
$1,288.50
$14.37
$10.48
13.34%
45.02
53
654
101
1,545.70
1,085.00
$14.60
$10.74
13.38?
45.46
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $13.50; 289 or
24.02 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
578 or 48.05 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 336 or
27.93 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $13.50 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers
over 18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a
pro rata basis.
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years.	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years..
Average hours worked per week	
1929.
431
2.496
112
$41,291.00
$1,565.50
$16.54
$13.08
4.29%
45.61
192S.
1927.
1926.
430
2,377
$39,267.25
$1,257.50
$16.52
$13.67
3.73%
45.73
3.75
1,877
68
$30,964.60
$918.00
$16.50
$13.50
3.50%
45.85
$27,
$1,
399
1,644
79
264.81
114.50
$16.59
$14.11
4.59%
45.54
1925.
356
1,450
67
$23,763.16
$990.50
$16.39
$14.78
4.42?
45.38
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14; 435 or 16.68
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount, 1,815
or 69.59 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 358 or 13.73
per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than
the $14 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers over 18
years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Office Occupation.
1929.
192S.
1927.
1026.
1925.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week ,
5,077
182
$104,340.19
$2,322.00
$20.55
$.12.75
3.46%
42.02
1,829
4,504
164
$91,042.73
$2,131.00
$20.21
$12.99
3.51%
41.91
1,919
4,247
152
1,636
3,609
147
$S1,380.57      $68,838.71
$1,917.50        $1,878.00
$19.16
$12.62
3.46%
41.93
$19.07
$12.78
3.01%
41.94
1,523
3,354
128 '
566,215.99
$1,640.00
$19.74
$12.81
3.68%
41.84 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 59
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15; 672 or 12.78
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount, 4,125
or 78.44 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 462 or 8.78
per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than
the $15 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers over
18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata
basis.
Personal Service Occupation.
1929.
19.28-.
1927
1926.
1925.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
106
338
33
$5,885.00
$270.00
$17.41
$8.18
8.89%
40.28
96
323
26
$5,496.24
$303.50
$17.02
$11.67
7.45<J
36.38
103
337
22
1,845.03
1.00
$17.34
$12.00
6.13%
40.33
266
10
$4,381.00
$214.00
$16.47
$11.26
6.67%
38.67
65
221
18
$3,824.20
$220.00
$17.30
$12.22
7.53%
30.15
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14.25; 59 or 15.9
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount, 226
or 60.92 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 86 or 23.18
per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than
the $14.25 included girls under 18, for whom lower rates are set, inexperienced workers over
18 years of age, and employees who worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata
basis.
Wishing Industry.
1929.
1928.
1927
1926.
1925.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
8
22
4
15
$498.75
$292.54
$22.67
$19.50
50.18
46.13
$250.00
$15.62
40.09
4
26
$496.25
$19.09
48.00
4
21
$489.50
$24.00
$23.31
$12.00
8.70%
47.13
The reason that figures relating to so few employees are included in the above table lies
in the fact that the Order does not cover workers in fish canneries. The Order relates only
to women and girl employees who are engaged in washing, preparing, drying, curing, smoking,
packing, or otherwise adapting for sale or use, or for shipment, any kind of fish except canned
fish.
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15.50; none of
the employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount, 21 or 95.45 per
cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 1 or 4.55 per cent, of all
employees reported received less than this amount. The employee receiving less than the $15.50
worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis. L 60
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Telephone and Telegraph Occupation.
1929.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
142
1,781
242
$32,418.50
$2,719.00
$18.20
$11.24
11.96%
40.94
1928.
1927.
135
1,612
254
$29,530.00
$3,024.50
$18.32
$11.91
13.61%
41.13
127
1,553
116
£27,843.94
$1,240.00
$17.93
$10.69
6.959
41.42
1926.
103
1,373
236
$24,386.21
$2,842.50
$17.76
$12.04
14.67%
41.22
1925.
1,312
220
$23,605.31
$2,655.00
$17.99
$12.07
14.36%
42.64
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $15; 363 or 17.95
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned occupation received this amount,
1,226 or 60.6 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 434 or
21.45 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $15 included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who
worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Manufacturing Industry.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees-
Average hours worked per week	
1929.
2,243
517
$37,550.80
$5,216.00
$16.74
$10.09
1-8.73%
44.90
1928.
1927.
336
2,051
473
$34,084.50
$4,729.00
$10.00
18.74%
44.70
339
1,907
385
f31,710.09
$3,847.00
$16.63
$9.99
16.80%
44.35
1926.
$25,
$6,
335
1,491
527
343.79
182.00
$17.00
$11.73
26.11%
44.51
1925.
296
1,471
329
$24,415.40
$3,409.00
$16.60
$10.36
18.28%
44.77
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14; 693 or 25.11
per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount, 1,275
or 46 2 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 792 or 28.69
per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less than the
$14 included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who worked less
than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Fruit and Vegetable Industry.
1929.
192S.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced  employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced  employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees..
Average hours worked per week (time-
workers 1	
51
Time.
Piece.
1,587
532
67
20
$29,118.52
$5,699.00
$1,787.71
$153.50
$18.35
$10.71
$26.68
$7.67
25,02<<
49.01
51
Time.
Piece.
1,572
345
212
30
$29,026.28
$4,060.00
$5,176.45
$283.00
$18.46
$11.77
$24.42
$8.77
17.37%
50
78
1927.
48
Time.
Piece.
1,449
264
207
31
$24,228.64
$2,647.50
$3,366.34
$339.50
$16.72
$10.03
$16.26
$10.95
15.12%
46.14 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 61
For a week of 48 hours the minimum wage for experienced employees is $14.40; 147 or
6.66 per cent, of all employees reported in the above-mentioned industry received this amount,
1,250 or 56.67 per cent, of all employees reported received more than this amount, and 809 or
36.67 per cent, of all employees reported received less than this amount. Those receiving less
than the $14.40 included inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees who
worked less than 48 hours and received pay on a pro rata basis.
Summary of all Occupations.
1929.
1928.
1927.
1926.
1925.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees-
Over 18 years, or experienced	
Under 18 years, or inexperienced..
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced	
Employees  under 18  years,  or
inexperienced ,
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced	
Employees  under  18  years,  or
inexperienced	
Percentage of employees under 18
j'ears, or inexperienced	
Average hours worked per week	
3,602
18,390
2,376
$324,376.19
$24,757.00
$17.64
$10.12
11.44%
48.87
3,425
17,191
2,186
$301,223.03
$23,470.00
$17.52
$10.74
11.28%
44.05
3,455
15,697
1,810
$267,
$18.
787.44
,820.00
$17.06
$10.40
10.34%
43.92
3,123
13,725
2,345
$234,001.53
$23,513.50
$17.05
$10.03
14.59%
43.82
2,804
12,181
1,718
$211,
$17
713.38
764.00
$17.38
$10.34
12.36%
43.58
In the nine occupations and industries 20,766 women and girl employees were reported. Of
this number, 3,741 or 18.02 per cent, were reported as receiving the actual minimum for their
respective classes of work. In the higher scales it is noted that 12,848 or 61.87 per cent, of all
those reported were receiving wages in excess of the legal minimum. This leaves 4,177 or 20.11
per cent, reported as being paid below the minimum. This latter class includes young girls and
inexperienced workers, for whom lower rates are set, and employees of experience whose
working-week was shorter than 48 hours, with a pro rata reduction in their pay.
WAGE COMPARISON, 1928 AND 1929.
In five occupations—namely, the mercantile, office, personal service, manufacturing, and
fishing—noticeable increases over the previous year's weekly averages for experienced workers
or women over 18 years of age are recorded for 1929. The average in the laundry, dyeing, and
dry-cleaning establishments remained practically the same for employees 18 years of age or over,
being 1 cent a week more than for 1928. A gain of 2 cents a week was made by the older
employees, the 1928 figure being $16.52 and the 1929 average $16.54. Comparison of rates in
the foregoing tables will show the actual increases in the other classes of work.
The seasonal fruit and vegetable industry presents a result that is a little hard to analyse.
A slight decrease is here recorded for experienced time-workers, while a considerable increase—
$2.26 a week—is revealed for the piece-workers who have spent at least two months in the
industry. In this connection we should like to point out that wherever the actual working-hours
were given for employees they were classed as time workers, even though some of them may have
been paid by the piece standard. This will explain the small number recorded as piece-workers
handling the fruit and vegetable products in canneries and packing-houses. The hours worked
by these eighty-seven persons were not sent in to the Board.
The average weekly wage for skilled operators in the telephone and telegraph occupation
dropped from $18.32 in 1928 to $18.20 in 1929. Reference to the table, however, will show that
the working-week was slightly shorter, 40.94 hours as against 41.13 when the higher wage
prevailed.
Whereas the general average in 1928 for skilled workers in nine occupations, taken as a
whole, was found to be $17.52 per week, it stands at $17.64 for the year under review.    A slight L 62
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
decrease is registered for the inexperienced employees. All the averages are well in advance
of the rates set in the nine Minimum Wage Orders.
Glancing at the pay-roll figures for one week, and learning that $349,133.19 are paid out to
women and girls at the height of their respective seasons, one realizes that they are playing an
important part in the industrial, commercial, and clerical life of the Province. At this rate, if
conditions were such that each female employee had steady work for fifty-two weeks in the year,
tl*eir pay-cheques would reach the imposing total of $18,154,925.88. Unfortunately, for these
women and girls, employment in certain lines is highly seasonal, but many firms are striving
to regulate their business to retain their staffs as long as possible, and thus prevent undue
fluctuations in the number of their employees at different times of the year.
The following table shows which occupations have the most frequent labour turnover. In
the mercantile industry, as returns were required for the week in which most girls were
employed, the employers reported for the rush-time at Christmas. Included in the figures
showing the numbers who were with their respective firms under one year would be all the
extra help taken on to cope with the heavy trade at that season. The fruit and vegetable
industry contributes the largest percentage of non-continuous work, and while 1,235 were
recorded as being with their employers for less than one year, some of these cannery and packinghouse hands had doubtless worked for those same establishments during other years, but their
1929 employment was all that was taken into consideration when the forms were completed.
When new employees are engaged in any industry, if their services are unsatisfactory they arc
let out after a comparatively short trial, and these women and girls help to swell the totals of
those working for the short-term period. As a general rule it will be noted that the longer the
training required for any position the longer will the person securing such a position remain
with her employer after starting work. The figures in the office occupation bear out this
deduction. An inexperienced office-hand may train for a year with a firm, if she is 18 or over,
before she is entitled to the minimum for experienced workers. Should she be under 18 she is
allowed two years before her employers are required to pay her the $15 rate, provided she does
not become 18 in the meantime.
Table showing Labour Turnover in each Group—Number of Employees in Continuous
Service of Employer reporting.
Name of Industy.
cj
CO
«
CU
X
H
u
ci
v
CO
U
ri
go
cc
u
ri
o>
ri
cc
u
ri
u
XJ2
u
ci
OJ
cc
u
«
CO
CJ
(H
in
Co
>
o
o
O  Cj
ti
, a
u
<H O
o a
.    CD
ft
O
U
<v
XS
a
CM
O
CO
o
O
o
o
o
CO
o
HH
Co
o
rH
CO
S*
It!
<u -^
& tn
IS
£
P
rH
CN
CO
Til
IQ
CD
t~
CO
Ci
rH
ZHg
isE
22
2,073
651
421
388
191
150
119
67
46
131
4,314
1,203
2,608
19
'504
220
136
98
59
48
34
22
16
14
33
70
Public housekeeping..
40
1,432
393
237
179
93
61
40
25
30
19
59
431
Office	
137
1,4S0
877
593
505
353
274
202
148
135
143
412
5 259
1,985
351
106
157
1,117
410
274
'227
184
108
61
41
32
94
2,760
371
2
139
85
44
38
21
16
16
7
1
1
1
Telephone and tele
graph	
4
572
408
182
218
164
126
74
50
45
51
129
2,023
142
Fishing	
'O
2
4
1
2
2
1
5
22
'        S
Fruit and vegetable-
445
1,235
228
149
62
43
17
13
4
3
7
2,206
51
Totals	
826
8,557
3,274
2,040
1,716
1,110
802
554
372
338
306
871
20,766
3,602
MARITAL STATUS.
Without going into the arguments that may be advanced for and against the married woman
working for salary or wages in the business world, the appended table shows the figures for 1929.
The proportions of married, widowed, and single women gainfully employed in British Columbia
have changed hardly at all during the past three years, contrary to the belief of some who are
opposed to the married woman earning her living or augmenting the family finances.    Without REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 63
a very searching investigation into all angles of the question, it is useless to generalize on this
contentious topic.
Name of Industry.
Married.
W'idowed.
Single.
Mercantile	
Laundry	
Public housekeeping	
Office	
Manufacturing	
Personal service	
Telephone and telegraph
Fishing	
Fruit and vegetable	
Totals 	
Per cent	
797
362
752
546
560
73
165
15
906
4,176
20.11%
178
SO
'235
137
107
17
28
2
47
801
3.86%
3,339
791
1/621
4,576
2,093
281
1,830
5
1,253
15,789
76.03%
4,314
1,203
2,608
5,259
2,760
371
2,023
22
2,206
20,766
100.00%
SOME RESULTS OF MINIMUM WAGE LEGISLATION.
From a careful analysis of figures compiled before any Orders were in effect (that is in
1918) and those for 1929, as set out in the following table, it will be seen that in the non-seasonal
occupations there has been a marked decrease in the number of younger or inexperienced workers
in all but the telephone occupation, where the reverse is true. These percentages for 1929 prove
without a doubt that, although lower rates have been set for learners, they have not been
employed in numbers sufficiently high to jeopardize the positions of the skilled employee, nor
have their services been dispensed with when they become entitled to the higher wages.
Wages have been increased in a marked manner and held at levels considerably in advance
of the actual legal minimum, contrary to the assertions of many persons that the minimum
would become the standard. In 1929 61.87 per cent, of the employees had- pay-cheques higher
than the rates prescribed by law, and so an oft-repeated argument of those opposed to this form
of legislation is refuted. In all fairness we must admit that there have been a few other contributing factors to this rise in women's wages, but these are far less potent than the Statute
and its protection. In some of the American States, where their minimum wage laws have been
repealed, declared ultra vires, or rendered ineffective pending legal decisions, the employees
have suffered a noticeable cut in wages, and have been unable to effect a return to former levels
since the legal backing of minimum wage legislation was withdrawn.
Mercantile Industry.
Average weekly wages—                                                                       1918. 1929.
Employees over 18 years     $12.71 $15.06
Employees under 18 years        7.70 9.08
Percentage of employees under 18 shears  15.49% 13.70%
Laundry Industry.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years     $11.80       $14.60
Employees under 18 years        9.78 9.83
Percentage, of employees under 18 years :   21.80%      12.22%
Manufacturing Industry.
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees     $12.54       $16.74
Inexperienced employees        9.57 10.09
Percentage of inexperienced employees  28.64%      18.73%
Telephone and Telegraph.
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees     $15.55       $18.20
Inexperienced employees .:      11.90 11.24
Percentage of inexperienced employees     8.70%      11.96% L 64 DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Personal Service Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years     $13.S3       $17.41
Employees under 18 years        6.96 8.18
Percentage of employees under 18 years  15.38%       8.89%
Office Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years     $16.53       $20.55
Employees under 18 years       10.88 12.75
Percentage of employees under J.8 years     7.45%        3.46%
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years     $14.23       $16.54
Employees under 18 years       11.77 13.98
Percentage of employees under IS years     5.51%        4.29%
In addition to the above-mentioned results, the fair employer is protected against competitors
who might cut wages were it not for the compulsory rates established by the Orders. Some
employers argue that their businesses could not stand the rates set by law, but, as Herbert J.
Weber, of Chicago, in a recent article entitled " A Living Wage," says: " What the better
employers pay of their own accord ordinarily furnishes the best criterion of what all the
employers can pay if they have to." The better employers in this Province were paying wages
in 1918 either equal to or in advance of those promulgated by the Board.
The far-sighted business-man recognizes, too, that with well-paid staffs there is a degree of
loyalty obtainable that cannot be hoped for from employees whose wages are so meagre that they
have a continual struggle to pay their necessary expenses and are harassed by worry lest illness
throw them out of employment and into debt. More time is spent in selecting new applicants
for positions than was deemed necessary when employers regulated their own standards of
wages, and a higher degree of efficiency is now expected and demanded of the employee. The
advantages of this increased power to produce results are threefold: To the employee herself
comes the satisfaction of giving her best service, and the chance of promotion; to the employer
it means an increase in business and a reduction in overhead, as the labour turnover—always
a factor to be reckoned with from a monetary standpoint—is lessened; and to the general public
comes service of a standard which, since they pay for it in the long run, they claim as a just right.
CONCLUSION.
During 1929 the supply of help for industrial and commercial pursuits was greater than
the demand, and it was owing partially to this fact that infringements of the regulations noted
in the beginning of this report were due. On account of the scarcity of positions, in some
instances women and girls were reluctant to report matters to the Board, or to make a demand
of their employers to comply with the regulations, choosing rather to continue at a low wage
than to risk being discharged for asserting their rights. With plenty of workers ready and
sometimes eager to take their places, the employers had a most effective argument over the
underpaid employee. Fortunately, considering the numbers working under the scope of the nine
Orders, the infractions are relatively few, and the majority of individuals and firms in the
Province are giving their finest co-operation to the Board in developing a healthy compliance
with the law.
To all such, and to the girls who have come forward with evidence at Court cases and with
information during investigations, to friends of employees who have assisted officials of the
Board on many occasions, we extend our thanks. Our efforts in the future will continue to be
exerted in the best interests of the women workers.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servants,
J. D. McNiven, Chairman.
Helen Gregory MacGill.
Thomas Mathews. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 65
APPENDIX.
SUMMARY OP ORDERS.
For convenient reference a summary of the Orders now in force is herewith appended:—
MERCANTILE INDUSTRY.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Experienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$12.75.    Hourly rate, 26»/m cents.
$7.50 for 1st  3 months.
$9.00 for 1st  3 months.
8.00
,   2nd 3
10.00    „   2nd 3
8.50
,   3rd  3
11.00    „   3rd 3
9.00
,   4th  3
12.00    „   4th   3
9.50
,   5th   3
10.00
,   6th   3
Licences required in this
10.50
,   7th  3
class.
11.50
,   8th  3
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Maximum working-period 48 hours.
Order has been in force since January 1st, 1928, superseding Order of February 24th, 1919.
LAUNDRY, CLEANING, AND DYEING INDUSTRIES.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$13.50.    Hourly rate, 28% cents.
$8.00 for 1st   4 months.
8.50    „   2nd 4
9.00    „   3rd  4        „
10.00     „   4th  4
11.00    „   5th   4
12.00    „   6th  4
$9.00 for 1st  4 months.
10.50    „   2nd 4
12.00    „   3rd 4
Licences required in this
class.
Above rates are based on a 48-hour week. Maximum working-period 48 hours, governed by
" Factories Act."
Order has been in force since March 31st, 1919.
PUBLIC HOUSEKEEPING OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers, janitresses, cooks, and kitchen
help in restaurants, hotels, tea-rooms, ice-cream parlours, light-lunch stands, and other places where
food is cooked, prapared, and served for which a charge is made; and the work of chambermaids, in
hotels, lodging-houses, and apartments where lodging is furnished, whether or not such establishments
are operated independently or in connection with any other business; and the work of all female
elevator operators.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.    Hourly rate, 29%  cents.
$12.00
$12.00
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    In emergency cases 52 hours may be worked,
one-half shall be paid for work in excess of 48 hours and up to 52 hours.
5
Time and L 66
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
When lodging is furnished, not more than $3 a week may be deducted for such lodging.
When board or meals are furnished, not more than $5.25 may be deducted for a full week's board
of 21 meals.    A fraction of a week's board shall be computed upon a proportional basis.
As elevator operators are required by law to pass an examination before running elevators, no
apprenticeship is permitted under the Minimum Wage Order.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
OFFICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed as stenographers, book-keepers, typists, billing clerks,
filing clerks, cashiers, cash-girls (not included in other Orders), checkers, invoicers, comptometer
operators, auditors, attendants in physicians' and dentists' offices, and all kinds of clerical help.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$15.    Monthly  rate,  $65.
$11.00 for 1st   6 months.
$11.00 for 1st  3 months.
Hourly  rate,  31%   cents.
12.00    „   2nd 6
12.00    „   2nd 3
13.00    „   3rd   6
13.00    „   3rd  3
14.00     „   4th  6
14.00    „   4th  3
Licences required in this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum weekly working-period prescribed by Order, 48
hours.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed in manicuring, hairdressing, barbering, and other
work of like nature, or employed as ushers in theatres, attendants at shooting-galleries and other
public places of amusement, garages, and gasoline service stations, or as drivers of motor-cars and
other vehicles.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.25.    Hourly rate, 29'Vie cents.
$10.00 for 1st  6 months.
11.00    „   2nd 6
12.00    „   3rd   6
13.00    „   4th   6
*$10.0O for 1st   3 months.
11.00    „   2nd 3
12.00    „   3rd   3
13.00    „   4th   3
Licences required in this
class.
* These rates for learners do not apply to attendants at shooting-galleries and other public places of
amusement, garages, and gasoline service stations, or to drivers of motor-cars or other vehicles, for whom
no apprenticeship is deemed necessary.
Above rates are for 48-hour week, which is maximum permitted.
Wages for Ushers.
Ushers in theatres, music-halls, concert-rooms, or the like, engaged after 6 p.m., on legal holidays,
and for special matinees, are entitled to a wage of not less than 30 cents an hour, with a minimum
payment of 75 cents.
Ushers working more than 18 hours a week, but not in excess of 36 hours, are entitled to not less
than $10.80 a week.     (Ushers in this category may be employed only between 1.30 p.m. and 11 p.m.)
Ushers working in excess of 36 hours a week up to 48 hours are entitled to not less than $14.25.
No distinction is made for ushers under 18 and over 18 years of age. No apprenticeship considered
necessary for ushers.
Order has been in force since September 15th, 1919. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY xMINISTER, 1929.
L 67
FISHING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the washing, preparing, preserving, drying, curing,
smoking, packing, or otherwise adapting for sale or use, or for shipment, any kind of fish, except in
the case of canned fish.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.50.    Hourly rate, 32T/24 cents.
$12.75 for 1st   4 months.
13.75    „   2nd   4
14.75    „   3rd   4
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Order has been in force since February 28th, 1920.
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of all persons employed in connection with the operating of the various
instruments, switchboards, and other mechanical appliances used in connection with telephony and
telegraphy, and shall also include the work of all persons employed in the business or industry of the
operation of telephone or telegraph systems who are not governed by any other Order of the Board.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced W'orkers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.00.    Hourly rate, 31%   cents.
$11.00 for 1st   3 months.
12.00    ,,   2nd   3
13.00    „   3rd   3
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum hours permitted are 8 per day and 48 per week,
except in cases of emergency, when 56 hours may be worked. Time and one-half is payable for hours
in excess of 48.    Every employee must have one full day off duty in every week.
Where telephone and telegraph employees are customarily on duty between the hours of 10 p.m.
and 8 a.m., 10 hours on duty shall be construed as the equivalent of 8 hours of work in computing the
number of hours of employment a week.
In cases where employees reside on the employer's premises, the employer shall not be prevented
from making an arrangement with such employees to answer emergency calls between the hours of
10 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Order has been in force since April 5th, 1920, superseding Order of September 23rd, 1919.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in canning,
adapting for sale or use, any kind of fruit or vegetable.
preserving, drying, packing, or otherwise
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Wtorkers.
$14.40.    Hourly rate, 30 cents.
. $11.00 for 1st 2 months.
Licences required for inexperienced employees
18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. For work over 48 hours, but not in excess of 10 hours a day,
wages shall be not less than 30 cents an hour for experienced workers, and for work in excess of
10 hours the rate shall be not less than'45 cents an hour.
For work over 8 hours, but not in excess of 10 hours a day, wages shall be not less than 23 cents
an hour for inexperienced workers, and for work in excess of 10 hours the rate shall be not less than
35 cents an hour.
Order has been in force since November 2nd, 1926, superseding Order of February 28th, 1920. L 68
DEPARTMENT OP LABOUR.
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, assembling the parts of, and adapting for use or sale any article or
commodity, but excepting fish, fruit, and vegetable drying, canning, preserving, or packing.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Schedule 1.
Schedule 2.
Schedule 3.
$14.00. Hourly rate, 29%
cents.
$8.00 for 1st   2 mos.
10.00    „   2nd  2    „
12.00    „   3rd   2    „
$8.00 for 1st   4 mos.
10.00    „   2nd 4    „
12.00    „   3rd   4    „
$7.00 for 1st   6 mos.
10.00    „   2nd 6    „
13.00    „   3rd  6    „
Licences required for inexperienced workers 18 years of age or over.
Schedule 1 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or
adapted for use or sale: Tea, coffee, spices, essences, sauces, jelly-powders, baking-powders, molasses,
sugar, syrups, honey, peanut butter, cream and milk products, butter, candy, confectionery, biscuits,
macaroni, vermicelli, meats, soft drinks, yeast, cans, buttons, soap, paint, varnish, drug and toilet
preparations, photographs, ink, seeds, brooms, whisks, pails, wash-boards, wooden boxes, clothes-pins,
matches, explosives, munitions, gas-mantles, and window-shades.
Schedule 2 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or
adapted for use or sale 5 Cotton bags, envelopes, overalls, shirts, ladies' and children's wear, gloves,
hats, caps, men's neckwear, water-proof clothing, tents, awnings, regalia, carpets, furniture, bedding,
pillow-covers, loose covers, mattress-covers, draperies, casket furnishings, factory-made millinery,
knitted goods, blankets, brushes, machine-made cigars, and dipped chocolates.
Schedule 3 applies to the following occupations, or to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or adapted for use or sale: Bookbinding, embossing, engraving, printing,
dressmaking, men's and women's tailoring, ready-to-wear suits, paper boxes, jewellery, furs, leather
goods, hand-made cigars, boots, shoes, and hand-made millinery.
Schedule 3 does not apply to regularly indentured apprentices whose indentures have been approved
by the Min'mum Wage Board.
The above rates are for a 48-hour week. No employee shall be employed more than 8 hours a
day, nor more than 48 hours a week, except when permission has been granted under the provisions
of the " Factories Act."
Order has been in force since November 20th, 1923, superseding Order of September 1st, 1919. REPORT OP THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 69
ASSOCIATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.
In the preparation of the following list the intention has been to confine it to organizations
which have direct connection with the employment of labour, and not to include any which are
established purely for other business or social purposes. The list has been carefully corrected at
the last possible moment before going to press.
Asphalt Roofers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, R. W.
Mayhew, Sidney Roofing & Paper Co., Ltd., Victoria ; Secretary, R. V. Robinson, 701 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver.
Biscuit & Confectioners' Section, Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division)—Chairman, L. H. Nicholson, National Biscuit & Confection Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh
Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Box Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, C.
J. Williams, Alberta Box Co., Ltd., Calgary,
Alta.; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender
Street West, Vancouver.
B.C. Hotels' Association—President, Wm. Gilchrist ; Vice-President, J. J. Kahn; 2nd Vice-
President, M. G. Gordon; Treasurer, P. T.
Hartney; Secretary, J. J. Walsh, 611 North
West Building, 509 Richards Street, Vancouver.
B.C. Loggers' Association—Chairman of the
Board of Directors, Norman A. English, Wood
& English, Ltd.; Vice-Chairman, S. G. Smith,
Bloedel, Stewart & Welch, Ltd.; Secretary-
Manager, R. V. Stuart, 921 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually on
January 15th.
B.C. Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association—President, J. G. Robson, Timberland
Lumber Co., Ltd., New Westminster; Secretary, T. H. Wilkinson, 917 Metropolitan
Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually
on third Thursday in January.
Builders' Supply Section, CM.A. (B.C. Division)—Chairman, C. McMillan, B.C. Contractors' Supply Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary,
R. V. Robinson, 701 B.C. Mining Building,
Vancouver.
Canadian Jewellers' Association (B.C. Section)—■
President, W. J. Hawkins; Secretary-Treasurer,
A. Fraser Reid, 1635 Napier Street, Vancouver.
Executive (District) : J. W. Duncan, Victoria ;
M. J. Little, Victoria; H. Thornycroft, Nanaimo ; F. Sanguine, New Westminster; C. J.
Whiten, Vernon ; W. J. Kerr, Kamloops ; J. Bulger, Prince Rupert;   J. B. Gray, Nelson.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division) ; Provincial Headquarters, 701-7 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver, B.C.—Chairman,
T. S. Dixon, c/o Gault Bros., Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining
Building, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (Victoria
Branch), 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria—■
Chairman, W. A. Jameson, c/o Jameson Coffee
Co., Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 119
Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Canadian Storage & Transfermen's Association—
President, Alex. Fleming, National Terminals
of Canada, Ltd., 30 Grey Nun Street, Montreal;
Secretary, E. A. Quigley, Suite 10, 423 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. This Association has
Board of Directors in each Province.
Canned Salmon Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, R. J.
Goose, c/o B.C. Packers, Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street West,
Vancouver; Assistant Secretary of Section,
R. M. Winslow, 705, 402 Pender Street West,
Vancouver.
Clay Products Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, James
Parfitt, Victoria Brick Co., Victoria ; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Consolidated Shingle Mills of B.C., Ltd.—Secretary, E. M. Dearing, 907-8 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Feed Products Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, A. C.
Foreman, Vancouver Milling & Grain Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. V. Robinson, 701
B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Fertilizer Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, F. Smelts, B.C. Electric Railway Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. V. Robinson, 701
•B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Garment Manufacturers' Section, C.M.A. (B.C.
Division)—Chairman, J. H. Humphries, Standard Garments, Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary,
R. V. Robinson, 701 B.C. Mining Building,
Vancouver.
General Cartage & Storage Association of B.C.—
President, Robert Wilkinson, 722 Cambie Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, E. A. Quigley, Suite 10,
Canadian Bank of Commerce Chambers, 423
Hamilton Street, Vancouver.
General Contractors' Association—President, J. E.
Buerk ; Vice-President, Col. W. W. Foster ; Secretary, R. J. Lecky, 342 Pender Street West,
Vancouver.
Jam Manufacturers' Association, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, C. D. Hunter, Empress Manufacturing
Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton,
402 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Meal, Oil & Salt Pish Section, B.C. Division,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, A. J. Blackwell, c/o Blackwell Fisheries,
Ltd.; Secretary, R. M. Winslow, 705 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Section, C.M.A.'(B.C. Division) —
Chairman, Eric Davies, c/o Vancouver Engineering Works, Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary,
Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, E. W.
Izard, Yarrows, Ltd., Esquimalt; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Millwork Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, T. T. Gadd,
Cedar Cove Sash & Door Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 B.C. Mining
Building, Vancouver.
Mining Association of British Columbia—President, Lieut.-Colonel C. W. Villiers, Nanaimo;
Secretary, H. Mortimer-Lamb, 928 Birks Building, Vancouver.
Mining Association of Interior British Columbia—
President, F. S. Peters, Rossland ; Secretary,
W. H. Burgess, Kaslo.
Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association—
President, H. P. Klinestiver, Lumberton; Secretary-Treasurer, I. R. Poole, 204 Trades Building, Calgary, Alta. Officers elected at annual
meeting held in January.
Northern Alberta-British Columbia Lumbermen's
Association; Territory, Interior B.C. and Alberta. Where meetings usually held, Calgary
and Edmonton. Day of meeting, no set date.
President, J. P. McMillan, Edmonton, Alta.;
Secretary, I. R. Poole, 204 Trades Building,
Calgary, Alta.
Printers' Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, S. Clarke,
Clarke Printing Co., Ltd., Victoria; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 119 Pemberton Building, Victoria.
Retail Merchants' Association of Canada, Inc.,
B.C. Board—President, J. M. Watson, Vancouver; 1st Vice-President, R. T. Wilson, Nanaimo ; 2nd Vice-President, J. P. Scott, Cranbrook ; 3rd Vice-President, T. J. Wilcox, Kamloops ; Treasurer, Wm. Kerr, New Westminster; Dominion Representative, D. H. Kent,
Vancouver; Secretary, Geo. R. Matthews, Vancouver ; Head Provincial Office at 420 Pacific
Building, Vancouver. Branches are established
at Cranbrook, Nanaimo, Revelstoke, and Van
couver. At New Westminster there is a District Branch serving the principal towns of the
Lower Fraser Valley.
Shipping Federation of B.C., Ltd.—Manager and
. Secretary, Major W. C. D. Crombie, Shipping
Federation Building, 45 Dunlevy Avenue, Vancouver ; President, K. A. McLennan; Vice-
President, D. M. Cameron; Treasurer, W. M.
Crawford; Directors, E. Aikman, David Baird,
F. M. Glendinning, C. A. Cotterell, B. M.
Greer, H. A. Stevenson, A. M. Tidey, J. Mel.
Mitchell, and John Rosene. Meets for election
of officers in January each year.
Shipyards' Section, C.M.A. (B.C. Division) —
Chairman, C. Wallace, c/o Burrard Drydock
Co., Ltd.; Secretary, R. V. Robinson, 701 B.C.
Mining Building, Vancouver.
Vancouver Association of Electragists—President,
C. H. E. Williams, 509 Richards Street, Vancouver ; Hon. Secretary, J. C. Reston, 579 Howe
Street, Vancouver; Office, 425 Pacific Building.
Officers elected annually in September.
Vancouver Association of Sanitary & Heating Engineers—President, C. Walter Murray, 137
Powell   Street,   Vancouver;  Secretary,   Robert
G. Hargreaves, 425 Pacific Building, Vancouver.    Officers elected annually in June.
Victoria Bread & Cake Manufacturers' Association—President, J. J. Taylor, c/o Rennie &
Taylor, Ltd., Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Good-
lake, 119 Pemlberton Building, Victoria. Election of officers annually in January.
Victoria Builders' Exchange—President, Harry
Catterall, 921% Fort Street, Victoria; Secretary, J. W. Bolden, 2509 Prior Street, Victoria,    Officers elected annually in January. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 71
UNION DIRECTORY.
It has been our desire to present here an up-to-date directory of trade organizations and
their officials covering the whole Province, and we are indebted to those officials who have been
prompt in answering our questionnaire. A number of the organizations, however, were very
dilatory in supplying the necessary information, and on April 10th a letter was mailed to all
unions whose return had not been received, requesting that the information be mailed to this
Department before April 30th, and if not received before that date we would assume that the
organization did not desire to be included in the directory and would be removed from the list.
This has resulted in the elimination of a number of locals from the directory. The Department
will be pleased at all times to receive any changes in the published list which may be made
from time to time, and would appreciate being advised of any new organizations desiring to be
listed in the next publication.
TRADES AND LABOUR CONGRESS OF
CANADA.
President, Tom Moore, 172 McLaren Street,
Ottawa; Secretary-Treasurer, P. M. Draper,
172 McLaren Street, Ottawa.
B.C. EXECUTIVE OF TRADES & LABOUR
CONGRESS OF CANADA.
Chairman, W. J. Bartlett; Secretary, Percy R.
Bengough, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver. .
TRADES AND LABOUR COUNCILS.
Prince Rupert—President, S. D. McDonald, P.O.
Box 268, Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. Derry,
Box 498, Prince Rupert. Meets at Carpenters'
Hall on second Thursday in each month at
8 p.'m.
Vancouver, New Westminster and District—President, James Thomson, Labour Headquarters,
Vancouver; General Secretary-Treasurer, P. R.
Bengough, Room 200, Labour Headquarters,
Vancouver. Meets first and third Tuesdays of
each month at Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m.
Vancouver Labour Council of the All Canadian
Congress of Labour—President, H. Burgess,
Room 30, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver ; Secretary, George B. Macaulay, Room 30,
163 Hastings Street West. Meets at 163 Hastings Street West on the third Wednesday at
8 p.m.
Vancouver Building Trades Council—President,
E. H. Morrison, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver ; Secretary, W. Page, Office 301, Labour
Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on second and fourth Tuesdays in
each month at 8 p.m.
Victoria and District Building Trades Council—
President, W. J. Pynn, 2225 Victor Street;
Secretary, J. Wilson, 1008 Balmoral Road, Victoria. Meets in the Labour Hall on the second
and fourth Thursdays at 8 p.m.
Victoria Trades and Labour Council—President,
Robert Noble, 1256 Oakmount Road; Secretary,
J. Wilson, 1008 Balmoral Road. Victoria.
Meets at 8 p.m. on first and third Wednesdays
in month at Trades Building, Courtney Street.
DISTRICT LODGES AND COUNCILS.
Electrical Communication Workers of Canada.
British Columbia District Council No. 1—District
Chairman, A. I. Deacon, Digby Island Radio,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, B. W. Mugford, 1750
Carrick Street, Victoria.
Allied Printing Trades Council.
Vancouver—President, F. J. Milne, 2029 Pendrell
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Thomas Carroll,
842 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. Meets at
529-31 Beatty Street, Vancouver, on second
Monday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Victoria—President, W. F. Emery, 1563 Gladstone
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Burgess,
Box 1183, Victoria. Meets at Room 411,
Canada Permanent Mortgage Building, at 8 p.m.
on last Thursday in month.
British Columbia Federation of Civic and
Municipal Employees.
President, W. J. Seribbens, 3208 Pender Street
East, Vancouver; Secretary, H. R. Simmers,
3675 Fifteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets
at 251 Hastings Street East at call of Chair.
Civic Employees' Federation.
Vancouver—President, Chas. A. Watson, 1329
Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary,
H. A. Urquhart, 2015 Fourteenth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets, at call of Secretary, at
251% Hastings Street East, Vancouver.
TRADE UNIONS.
Ashcroft.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 210—President, J. D. Nicol,
Savona; Secretary, R. Halliday, 3481 Georgia
Street East, Vancouver. Meets at Ashcroft at
7.30 p.m. on third Saturday of March, June,
September, and December.
Corbin.
Corbin Miners' Association, Local No. 3, Sub.
Dist. No. 1—President, Joseph Podgormek, Corbin ; Secretary, James Dorman, Corbin. Meets
in Miners' Hall every second Sunday at 7 p.m.
Cranbrook.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. 308—Secretary, John MacDonald, c/o
Cranbrook Brewing Co., Cranbrook.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
563—President, Hugh J. Brock, Box 551, Cranbrook ; Secretary, G. A. Hennessy, Drawer 878,
Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Mondays in Maple Hall. L 72
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Machinists, International, No. 588—President,
W. Henderson, Box 327, Cranbrook; Secretary,
R. J. Laurie, Box 544, Cranbrook. Meets at
W. J. Flower's residence on first Monday in
each month at 3 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
229—President, W. S. McDonald, Box 335,
Cranbrook; Secretary, G. C. Brown, P.O. Box
739, Cranbrook. Meets at Odd Fellows' Hall,
Cranbrook, no set date.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 407—President, J. A. Genest, Box 684,
Cranbrook; Secretary, Joe Jackson, Box 215.
Cranbrook. Meets at Cranbrook on second
Sunday in month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 173—President, James L. Martin,
Cranbrook; Secretary, J. F. Lynn, 200 Durick
Avenue, Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. at I.O.O.F.
Hall, Norbury Avenue, on first Wednesday in
month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Express & Station
Employees, Mount Baker Lodge, No. 1292—■
President, J. Ingles, Cranbrook; Secretary,
E. G. Dingley, Box 728, Cranbrook. Meets in
Auditorium, Cranbrook, every Sunday at 3 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
585—President, W. Laidlaw, Cranbrook; Secretary, P. C. Hartnell, Box 802, Cranbrook.
Meets at Odd Fellows' Hall every Sunday at
8.30 p.m.
Duncan.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
533—President, W. H. Smith, Parksville; Secretary, H. W. McKenzie, R.R. No. 2, Duncan.
,   Meets in Duncan, at call of President, at 1 p.m.
Essondale.
Mental Hospital Attendants' Union, No. 35 (T. &
L.C.)—President, John Gibson, Colony Farm,
Essondale; Secretary, J. McD. Nicholson, Essondale. Meets second Thursday of each
month at 7.30 p.m. at Essondale.
Fernie.
Miners' Association (Independent), British Columbia—President, John Rigg, Fernie; Secretary, W. A. Harrison, Box 568, Fernie. Meets
at Miners' Hall, Fernie, every third Sunday at
7 p.m.
Golden.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
165—President, L. Carlson, McMurdo; Secretary, W. Rande, Field. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall,
Golden, on first Sunday of each quarter at
12 noon.
Kamloops.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 821—President, W. H. Govett, Kamloops;
Secretary, T. J. O'Neill, Box 753, Kamloops.
Meets at Orange Hall on first and third Sundays in month,at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 855—Secretary, W. Dear, P.O. Box 525,
Kamloops. Meets on Sundays at Elks' Hall,
Kamloops, at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 258—President, H. C. Embree,
817 Columbia Street, Kamloops; Secretary,
A. E. Haigh, 749 St. Paul Street, Kamloops.
Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops, at 2 p.m.
on first and third Tuesdays in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Brotherhood of,
Lodge No. 15, Mount Edith Cavell—President,
E. S. Briggs, Chu Chua; Secretary, Noel Mon-
tagnon, Vavenby. Meets in Kamloops on first
Sunday in January, April, July, and October
at 11 a.m.
Railroad Employees, No. 161—President, J. Begg,
Kamloops; Secretary, F. A. Winterhalder, Box
154, Kamloops.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 611—President, E. S. Bongard, Box
882, Kamloops; Secretary, A. G. Corry, Box
177, Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops, on second and fourth Sundays in month
at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
519—Secretary, V. A. Mott, Kamloops. Meets
at Orange Hall, Kamloops, on first and third
Sundays in month at 7.30 p.m.
Michel.
B.C. Miners' Association—President, J. C. Smith,
Michel; Secretary, Simeon Weaver, Natal.
Meets every second Friday at 7 p.m. in the
Mission Hall, Natal.
Nanaimo.
Carpenters, Amalgamated, of Canada—President,
Harvey May, Nanaimo; Secretary, John Kerr,
123 Craig Street. Meets at Occidental Hotel
on second and fourth Tuesdays at 8 p.m.
Nelson.
Barbers' International Union of America, Journeymen, Local No. 196—Secretary, F. W. Gill,
Nelson. Meets at Nelson at 8 p.m. on last
Thursday  in  month.
Canadian Pacific Express Employees, No. 18,
Brotherhood of—Secretary, L. S. McKinnon,
409 Latimer Street, Nelson. Meets in Canadian Legion Building on Sundays at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, E. J.
Hoskey Division, No. 579—President, L. L.
Boomer, Box 664, Nelson; Secretary, E. Jeff-
cott, Box 214, Nelson. Meets at Canadian
Legion Building on first and third Sundays at
10.30 a.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 663—President-Secretary, Fred Chapman,
Box 253, Nelson.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
181—President, Gust Johnson, Eholt; Secretary, C. Holm, Box 13, Grand Forks. Meets
first Sunday in March, June, September, and
December at 2 p.m. at Nelson and Grand Forks.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 98—President, D. H. Heddle, Box
235, Nelson ; Secretary, G. B. Abbott, Box 272,
Nelson. Meets in K. of P. Hall, Baker Street,
on third Wednesday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 460—Chief Conductor, G. W. Allan,
Nelson; Secretary, A. B. Hall, 324 Gore Street,
Box 986, Nelson.    Meets in  Canadian Legion REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 73
Building at 1.30 p.m. on second Sunday in
month.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Kootenay
Lodge, No. 558—Secretary, A. Kirby, 820 Carbonate Street (Box 258), Nelson. Meets at
Canadian Legion Building at 10 a.m. on second
Sunday in month.
Nelson Island.
Quarry Workers' International Union, No. 161—
President, James Craig, Nelson Island; Secretary, Ernest Beard, 7964 Hudson Avenue, Vancouver. Meets at Quarry Bay on third Friday
of each month at 7 p.m.
New Westminster.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 573—President, C. Moir, Bayles' Barber
Shop, New Westminster; Secretary, Geo. York-
ston, 35 Eighth Street. Meets at 35 Eighth
Street on fourth Thursday in month at 7 p.m.
Carpenters, Amalgamated, of Canada, New Westminster Branch—President, Wm. Taylor, 3030
Miller Avenue, McKay P.O.; Secretary, J.
McKinley, Room 35, 163 Hastings Street West,
Vancouver. Meets at Hart Block, New Westminster, on second and fourth Wednesdays at
8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1251—President, G. J. Sparrow, 706 Queens Avenue, New Westminster;
Recording Secretary, A. E. Ridgeway, 1615
Stride Avenue, New Westminster. Meets at
Labour Temple on first and third Thursdays in
month at 8 p.m.
Civic Employees of New Westminster, Union of—
President, Peter Paulson, 423 Ash Street, New
Westminster; Secretary, Rees Morgan, 314 Re-
gina Street, New Westminster. Meets in Labour
Temple at 8 p,m. on first Tuesday in month.
Civil Servants of Canada (Amalgamated)—President, Dr. Kenneth Chester, 310 Warren Avenue,
New Westminster; Secretary, F. McGrath, 316
Strand Avenue. Meets at G.W.V.A. Rooms on
third Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
256—President, Wm. Matthew, 910 London
Street, New Westminster; Secretary, C. J.
Highsted, 355 Keary Street, New Westminster.
Meets at No. 1 Fire Hall once every month at
S p.m.
Fishermen's Protective Association of B.C., Local
No. 1—President, Richard Marshall, Pembina
Street, Lulu Island; Secretary, Harold Maiden,
Box 427, New Westminster. Meets at G.W.
V.A. Headquarters, Columbia Street, New Westminster, on first Saturday of each month at
2 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 280—President, Wm. Paul, 1529
Seventeenth Avenue, New Westminster; Secretary, P. Walmsley, 524 Seventh Street, New
Westminster. Meets at Labour Temple, New
Westminster, on third Friday in month at
8 p.m.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Division No. 189—President, G. Johnson, Mount
Lehman; Secretary, F. Kent, 2503 Hersham
Avenue, New Westminster. Meets at 681 Columbia Street, New Westminster, on the first
Sunday in February, April, June, August, October, and December at 11 a.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, No. 134—President, C. M. Corbett, 1895 Eighteenth iStreet,
New Westminster; Secretary, A. J. Bond, 531
Fourteenth Street, New Westminster. Meets in
Labour Temple at 7.30 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesdays in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
632—Secretary, R. A. Stoney, Box 754, New
Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple at 10.30
a.m. on last Sundays in February, May, August,
and November.
Penticton.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 884—President, C. H. Tupper,
Penticton; Secretary, R. O. Blacklock, Box
455, Penticton. Meets at K. of P. Hall on
first and third Thursdays of each month at
2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1426—Secretary, T. Bradley, Penticton. Meets
first Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
914—President, Herbert Nicolson, Penticton;
Secretary, W. B. McCallum, Penticton. Meets
at Odd Fellows' Hall, Penticton, on first and
third Mondays of each month at 3 p.m.
Prince George.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Mount Robson Lodge, No. 827—President,
R. Lawseth, Prince George; Secretary, C. H.
Olds, Box 129, Prince George. Meets in
I.O.O.F. Hall at 2 p.m. on first and third Sundays in the month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Nechako
Lodge, No. 1870—President, F. Swanson, Fin-
moore P.O.; Secretary, T. Nielsen, Box 162,
Prince George.    Meets at Prince George.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
202—President, F. P. Donavan, Hansard; Secretary, C. H. Weaver, Hulton via Sinclair
Mills. Meets at McBride and Prince George
about  end of each quarter.
Railroad Employees, Local No. 28—President,
W. N. Goheen, Prince George; Secretary, A. G.
Campbell, Box 138, Prince George. Meets at
Tenth Avenue, Prince George, on first Sunday
in month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 620—Chief Conductor, F. J. Parker, Prince
George; Secretary, Walter Parks, Prince
George. Meets in Prince George at I.O.O.F.
Hall on second and fourth Sundays in month
at 8 p.m.
Prince Rupert.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1735—President, Alex.
McLeod, Box 694, Prince Rupert; Secretary,
J. S. Black, Box 694, Prince Rupert. Meets in
Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third
Wednesdays of each month.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union of the Pacific—
Secretary-Treasurer, P. B. Gill, Box 65, Seattle.
Meets at Seattle.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 344—President, T. B. Black, Box
457, Prince Rupert; Secretary, S. Massey, Box
457, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall
at 8 p.m. on first Monday of each month. L 74
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Longshoremen's Association, No. 2, Canadian -Federation of Labour—President, Sydney V. Cox,
Box 531, Prince Rupert; Secretary, Wm. T.
Pilford, Box 531, Prince Rupert. Meets in
Longshoremen's Hall on first Monday in month
at 8 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 207—President, James Campbell, Prince
Rupert; Secretary, Hugh Armstrong, Prince
Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m.
on fourth Wednesday in month.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 426—President, F. Barber, Prince
Rupert; Secretary, E. W. Tucker, Box 527,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall,
Eighth Street, PrinceBupert, at 8 p.m. on second
Tuesday of each month.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Division No. 154—President, H. R. Hill,
Second Avenue West, Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. Mair, 851 Borden Street, Prince Rupert. Meets in Ladies' Waiting-room, Station
Depot, on the third Friday at 7.30 p.m.
Sheet Metal Workers, International Association,
Local No. 672—President, J. W. Ratchford,
Third Avenue East, Prince Rupert; Secretary,
Geo. H. Dobb, 308 Seventh Avenue West,
Prince Rupert. Meets at 308 Seventh Avenue
West on last Monday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Local No. 510—
President, W. S. Hammond, General Delivery,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, James Black, Prince
Rupert. Meets in Trad'es and Labour Hall at
8 p.m. on first Friday of each month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
413—President, S. D. Macdonald, Box 268,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. M. Campbell, Box
689, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall
at 2.30 p.m. on last Sunday of each month.
Revelstoke.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 407—President, Alexander Spence, General Delivery,
Revelstoke; Secretary, Jas. M. Goble, Box 283,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on the
fourth Saturday of each month at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
657—President, W. B. Donaldson, Box 413,
Revelstoke; Secretary, J. P. Purvis, Box 27,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on first and
third Tuesdays of each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 341—President, S. J. Spurgeon,
Revelstoke; Secretary, A. McKenzie, Box 459,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall, Revelstoke,
on second and fourth Wednesdays of each month
at 2 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 258—President, H. Beresford, Revelstoke;
Secretary, Dugald Bell, Box 209, Revelstoke.
Meets in Smyth's Hall at 8 p.m. on first Monday of month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
208—President, A. L. Anderson, Box 667,
Revelstoke; Secretary, P. Westman, Box 464,
Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at 2 p.m.
on  first  Sunday  each  quarter.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 481—President, Arthur Parker, Box
732, Revelstoke;  Secretary, Chas. Lundell, Box
213, Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at 8
p.m. on third Tuesday of each month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Mount
Stephen Division, No. 487—Secretary, C. R.
Clay, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on
second Monday and fourth Thursday of each
month at 7.30 p.m.
Salmon Arm.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 193—President, W. Annala,
Tappen; Secretary, J. W. Miller, Carlin. Meets
at Alexander Hotel, Salmon Arm, third Sunday, March, June, September, and December,
at 10.30 a.m.
Smithers.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, No.
53—Chairman and Secretary, W. Mitchell,
Smithers.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
Ill—President, F. V. Foster, Smithers; Secretary, S. J. Mayer, Smithers. Meets at Smithers on first and third Tuesdays in month at
8 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1415 (Bulkley)—President, J. S. Cathroe,
Smithers; Secretary, G. W. Smith, Smithers.
Meets at Social Hall, Smithers, on first Thursday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Farthest
North Lodge, No. 869—President, W. F. Taylor,
Smithers; Secretary, J. H. Rife, Box 168,
Smithers. Meets at Railwaymen's Hall, Smithers, on first and third Fridays of each month
at 8 p.m.
Squamish.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1419—President, G. Kelt, Squamish; Secretary,
J. E. Holmes, Box 42, Squamish. Meets second
Tuesday at 8 p.m. in the Presbyterian Hall,
Squamish.
Steveston.
Steveston Fishermen's Benevolent Society—President, Motokichi Tanuka, Steveston ; Secretary,
G. Takahiski, Box 54, Steveston. Meets at
Steveston on second Saturday of each month.
Three Forks.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Brotherhood; of,
No. 173- -President, Frank Yurik, Sandon;
Secretary, T. H. Horner, Kaslo. Meets at
Three Forks on first Sunday at 1 p.m.
Vancouver.
Bakery & Confectionery Workers, Local No. 468
—President, Fred Cashman; Secretary, T. H.
Taylor, Room 304, Labour Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets in Labour Headquarters on first
and third Saturdays of month at 7.30 p.m.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 120—President, W. F. Dawe, 562 Dunsmuir
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, C. E. Herrett,
Room 304, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver. Meets
at Room 3, 529 Beatty Street, on second and
fourth Tuesdays in month at 8 p.m.
Beverage Dispensers' Union, No. 676—President,
Roland T. Kane, Toronto Apartments, Vancouver ; Secretary, T. J. Hanafin, Room 1, 535
Homer Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on second and fourth Fridays and
last Sunday of month at 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 75
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 151—President, W. J. Bartlett, 1156 Howe Street; Secretary, A. Arman, 2048 Second Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at Labour Hiadquarters at
8 p.m. on fourth Friday of each month.
Boilermakers and Iron Shipbuilders' Union of
Canada, Local No. 1—President, Joseph
Wright, 2731 Twenty-third Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary, R. Stephen, 2136 William
Street, Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings
Street West on the second and fourth Fridays
of each month at 8 p.m.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 194—President, Chas. McMillan, 1020 Hornby Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, A. Fraser, 5079 Ross
Street, South Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty
Street at 8 p.m. on first and third Mondays.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 105—President, Geo. Low, 441 Fifty-third
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, Thomas
Carroll, 842 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. Meets
at Business Women's Club, 603 Hastings Street
West, on second Tuesday of each month at
8 p.m.
Bricklayers, Masons & Tile Setters' International,
Local No. 1—President, L. Padgett, 2066
Eighth Avenue West; Secretary, W. S. Dag-
nall, 1244 Twentieth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at No. 3 Hall, Labour Headquarters, on
second and fourth Wednesdays of each month.
Bricklayers, Masons' International Union of
America, Local No. 3, B.C.—Secretary, Wm. S.
Dagnall, 1442 Twentieth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters on
second and fourth Wednesdays in month at
8 p.m.
Bridge & Structural Iron Workers, International
Association of, Local No. 97—President, James
F. Burns, 2833 Turner Street, Vancouver;
Secretary, Paul Lauret, Labour Headquarters,
Vancouver. Meets at 311 Labour Headquarters
at 8 p.m. each Tuesday.
Bridge, Structural, Ornamental, Reinforced Ironworkers, Pile Drivers & Riggers, Local No. 1—
President, j. Carney, 7398 Berkley; Secretary,
W. S. McKenzie, 647 Windermere Street. Meets
at 8 p.m. every Friday in Room 30, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver.
Camp and Mill Workers, No. 31—Secretary, K.
Tsuyuki, 544 Powell Street, Vancouver. Meets
every second Wednesday at 544 Powell Street
East at 8 p.m.
Canadian Pacific Express Employees, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 15—President, G. M. Payton,
4136 Sophia Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, E.
Hill, 1916 Sixty-third Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at Eagle Hall, Homer Street, on first
Tuesday of each month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters of Canada, Amalgamated, Branch No.
1—President, G. C. York, 3505 Twenty-seventh
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Mc-
Kinley, 607 Fifty-second Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street West at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays of each
month.
Carp.mters of Canada, Amalgamated (Shipyard),
Branch No. 2—President, C. McKenzie. 5139
Wales Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Mc-
Kinley,  607  Fifty-second  Avenue  East,  Van
couver. Meets at Flack Building, 163 Hastings
Street West, on first and third Tuesdays of
month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters   &   Joiners,   United   Brotherhood   of,
Local    No.    452—President,    Wm.    Page,   529
Beatty Street;   Secretary, R. W. Hatley, 529
• Beatty Street.    Meets at 529 Beatty Street at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Mondays in month.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of
(Floorlayers), No. 1875—President, Oscar
Soderman, 4010 Burns Street, Vancouver;
Secretary, W. D. Wilson, 1535 Fifth Avenue
West, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters, Vancouver, on first and third Thursdays at 8 p.m.
City Hall Employees' Association, No. 59—President, A. J. Harrison, 3615 Knight Road, Vancouver ; Secretary, J. Tarbuck, 3517 Twenty-
fifth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at 251%
Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
first Wednesday of each month.
Civic Employees' Federal, Local No. 28 (Chartered by Trades & Labour Congress of Canada)
—President, John McRitchie, 604 Twelfth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, G. D. Harrison, 3427 Triumph Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 251% Hastings Street East at 8 p.m. on
first and third Fridays in month.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America,
C.P.R. System, Division No. 1—Chairman,
W. D. Brine, P.O. Box 432, Vancouver; Secretary, G. Oampb.dl, 3749 Twenty-second Avenue
West, Vancouver. Meets at Room 132, Hotel
Vancouver, when necessary, at 11 a.m.
Egg Graders' Union, No. 11—President, G. S.
Cooper, Cloverdale P.O.; Secretary, Miss
Dorothy Simpson, 120 Durham Street, New
Westminster. Meets at Labour Headquarters
on the first and third Mondays at 8 p.m.
Electrical Trades Union, Canadian—President,
W. Kent, 4865 Henry Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Robert S. Milne, 784 Thurlow Street,
Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street
West on first and third Thursdays at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 213—Secretary and Business Agent,
E. H. Morrison, Room 201, 531 Beatty Street.
Meets at Hall No. 1, Labour Headquarters, 531
Beatty Street, on first and third Mondays at
8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, No. 18, International Association
of—President, Neil MacDonald, 1137 McLean
Drive; Financial Secretary, C. A. Watson, 1329
Thirteenth Avenue East. Meets at 251%
Hastings Street East on second Thursday at
10 a.m. and third Tuesday at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, Local No. 296—Secretary, Wm.
Thompson, Nineteenth and Lonsdale, North
Vancouver.
Glass Blowers' Association, No. 53—Secretary,
W. J. McKeown, 2066 Parker Street, Vancouver.
Granite Cutters' International Association of
America—President, Robert C. Smart, 2684
Trinity Street, Vancouver; Secretary, James
P. Simpson, 2850 Eaton Street, Vancouver.
Meets on third Friday of month at O'Brien
Hall, Hastings Street, at 7.30 p.m.
Hod Carriers & Builders' Labourers, International, Local No. 602—President, Glen Harding,
1110 Denman Street;   Secretary, J. A. Barring- L 76
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
ton, 2642 Glen Drive, Vancouver. Meets at 529
Beatty Street on first and third Fridays of each
month at 8 p.m.
Hotel & Restaurant Employees & International
Alliance and Bartenders' International League
of America, No. 28 (Cooks and Waiters) —
President, Thos. Edwards, 37-39 Williams
Building, 413 Granville Street; Secretary and
Business Agent, John Cumming, 37-39 Williams Building, 413 Granville Street. Meets
at 37-39 Williams Building, 413 Granville
Street, on second and last Mondays of each
month at 3 p.m. and 9 p.m.
Jewellery Workers' International Union, Local
No. 42—President, F. C. Yarrall, 1836 Alberni
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, E. G. Howells,
3107 Thirty-sixth Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at 529 Beatty Street on first Friday in
month at 8 p.m.
Lathers, National Union of Canada, No. 1—President, T. C. McCracken, 64 Forty-eighth Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, D. C. Butter-
worth, 1609 Tenth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at 163 Hastings Street West on first and
third Fridays at 8 p.m.
Lathers, Wood, Wire & Metal International, Local
No. 207—Secretary, F. Macey, 2456 Seventh
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets on first and
third Mondays at Labour Headquarters.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Kamloops
Division, No. 320—President, G. P. Boston,
1763 Third Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, S. H. Stingley, 523 Burrard Street, Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on second and
fourth Tuesdays in month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Local No. 656
—President, T. McEwan, 350 Fourteenth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, S. H. Water-
house, 3438 Pandora Street. Meets at I.O.O.F.
Hall on first Thursday of each month at 8 p.m.
Lumber Handlers' Association (Independent) —
President, M. McGrath, 696 Powell Street, Vancouver ; Business Agent, Jas. Greer, 696 Powell
Street, Vancouver. Meets on third Thursday of
the month at 8 p.m. at 696 Powell Street.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 692—Secretary, Percy R. Bengough, Labour
Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets at 531 Beatty
Street at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, No. 31—Secretary, R. McClure, 4269 Victoria Drive, Vancouver.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1734 — President, Edward Marsham, 1570
Eighth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary,
John Roscow, 14 Fourteenth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at Eagle Hall at 10.30 a.m.
on last Sunday in month.
Marine Engineers, National Association of, No. 7
—President, Fred Slater, 4604 Walden Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, E. Read, 232 Thirteenth
Street West, North Vancouver. Meets at 319
Pender Street West on second and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m.
Meat Cutters' Union—Secretary, W. J. Matthews,
2659 Georgia Street East, Vancouver.
Milk Wagon Drivers & Dairy Employees, Local
No. 464—President, T. P. Harbottle, 242 Twentieth Avenue West, North Vancouver; Secretary, B. Showier, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver.
Meets at 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on second and fourth Fridays in month.
Mill & Factory, Local Union No. 1599—President,
Geo. Campbell, 1182 Hastings Street East, Vancouver ; Recording Secretary, H. G. Avery, 994
Denman Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on first and third Thursdays of
each month at 8 p.m.
Millwrights' Union, No. 1638—Recording Secretary, J. Murray-Ure, 3007 Thirty-eighth Avenue
West. Meets on second and fourth Wednesdays
in Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m.
Moulders of North America, International Union
of, Local No. 281—President, John Browne,
638 Broadway West, Vancouver; Secretary,
D. B. McCormack, 667 Graham Avenue, New
Westminster. Meets at Labour Headquarters,
Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first and third Fridays
in month.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Union), Local No. 145—
President, E. C. Miller, 716 Smythe Street;
Secretary, W. E. Williams, 5756 Wales Road,
Vancouver. Meets at G.W.V.A. Auditorium,
901 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, at 10 a.m. on
second Sunday in month.
Painters, Decorators & Paperhangers of America,
Local No. 138—Secretary, Ed. Smith, 543 Sixteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at 529
Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Thursdays in each month.
Pattern Makers' Union of British Columbia—
President, Harry Mackay, 6952 Knight Road,
Vancouver; Secretary, Albert Hooper, 3336
Fraser Avenue, Vancouver. Meets at 163
Hastings Street West on first Friday of every
month at 8 p.m.
Photo Engravers' Union of North America, Local
No. 54—President, Wm. Wilson, 563 East
Broadway, Vancouver; Secretary, Frank L.
Miller, 5, 1003 Douglas Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters, 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver, at 7.30 p.m. on first Wednesday in month.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf & Dock Builders,
Local No. 2404—President, Charles Anderson,
Box 320, Vancouver; Secretary, Wm. Reid,
Box 320, Vancouver; Financial Secretary, J.
Thompson, Box 320, Vancouver. Meets at 122
Hastings Street West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
each Friday.
Plasterers & Cement Finishers, International
Association of the United States and Canada,
Local No. 89—President, Frank S. Walsh, 1080
Richards Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Alfred
Hurry, 1115 East Thirty-third Avenue, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street at 8 p.m.
on first and third Wednesdays in month.
Plasterers' Helpers, Local No. 602—Secretary,
J. A. Barrington, 4293 Welwyn, Vancouver.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
170—President, R. M. Simpson, 2340 Windsor
Street, Vancouver; Secretary and Business
Agent, Wm. Watt, Room 307, Labour Headquarters. Meets at 529 Beatty Street at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Fridays.
Policemen's Union, Local No. 12—President,
David Mitchell, 3142 Twentieth Avenue East,
Vancouver; Secretary, James Reid, 2024 Fifty-
eighth Avenue East, Vancouver.    Meets at 529 REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 77
Beatty Street at 7.30 p.m. on fourth Tuesdays
in month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 69—President, W. W. Quigley, 2047 Second Avenue
West, Vancouver; Secretary, Thos. S. Ezart,
1603 Fortieth Avenue East, South Vancouver.
Meets at Labour Headquarters at 8 p.m. on
second Tuesday in month.
Projectionists' Society, B.C., Local No. 348—
President, J. R. Foster, c/o Beacon Theatre,
Vancouver; Secretary, E. C. Miller, 307-319
Pender Street West, Vancouver. Meets in
Labour Headquarters at 10 a.m.
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood, Vancouver Division No. 189—President, G. Johnson, Mount Lehman; Secretary, F. Kent, 2503
Hersham Street, New Westminster. Meets at
163 Hastings Street West on first Sunday every
second month at 12 noon.
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Local Division No. 82—President, J. B. Morrison, 10044 Ninety-first Avenue, Edmonton;
Secretary, T. M. Sullivan, 2715 Dundas Street,
Vancouver. Meets at Memorial Hall, Edmonton ;  no set date.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, No. 144—
President, V. T. Hamilton, 150 Boundary Road,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. T. Houghton, 3825
Lanark Street, Vancouver. Meets at Odd
Fellows' Hall, corner Hamilton and Pender
Streets, on first Tuesday and third Sunday in
month at 2.30 and 7.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 58—President, A. S. Ross, 5806
Sophia Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. D.
Valliamy, 2215 Fifteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters on first
and third Fridays in month at 8 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 267—President, J. R. Burton, 2597
Eton Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. B.
Physick, 1156 Thurlow Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday at 2 p.m.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Pacific Division No. 59—President, J. Middle-
coat, 2446 First Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Vance, 336 Broadway West, Vancouver. Meets at Eagle Hall, Homer Street, on
third Friday each month at 8 p.m.
Railway Mail Clerks' Association—President, F.
W. Hitchcock, 3403 Twenty-seventh Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, S. C. Bate, 3025
Second Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets in Post
Office Building, Vancouver, at 2.30 p.m. on last
Tuesday of month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 630— President, J. Brodie, 1434 Eighth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, W. J.
Mason, 3116 Thirteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Moose Hall, Burrard Street,
on second Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Lodge 626—President, R. G. Walker, 1052 Richards Street, Vancouver; Secretary, E. Baldoek, 6433 Argyle
Street, Vancouver. Meets in C.P.R. Store-room,
foot of Drake Street, Vancouver, on last Friday
of each month at 12 noon.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 46—Secretary, F. H. Fallows, 1504
St. Andrews Street, North Vancouver. Meets
in I.O.O.F. Hall, Vancouver, on fourth Friday
at 8 p.m.
Retail Employees' Association No. 1 (Independent), Vancouver—President, Sidney J. Blight,
284 Forty-sixth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, A. J. Huckvale, 3/1427 Charles Street,
Vancouver. Meets at Piccadilly Tea Rooms,
581 Granville Street, on first Thursday in
month at 6.30 p.m.
Sheet Metal Workers, Local No. 280—President,
James Strachan, 2205 Eleventh Avenue West,
Vancouver; Secretary, Daniel Macpherson,
1682 Twenty-ninth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at Room 3, 529 Beatty Street, at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Thursdays.
Sheet Metal Workers (Railroad) No. 314—President, H. H. Swindon, 2265 Fourteenth Avenue
West, Vancouver; Secretary, Geo. Watson,
1909 Lakeview Street, Vancouver. Meets on
second Tuesday of each month at Labour Headquarters, 529 Beatty Street, at 8 p.m.
Sign, and Pictorial Painters, Local Union 726—
Vancouver and Vicinity—President, Norman
Glazier, 3616 Jersey Avenue, New Westminster ; Secretary, Wm. O. Clarkson, 1823 Kitchener Street, Vancouver. Meets in Room 315,
Labour Temple, Vancouver, on first and third
Thursdays of each month at 8 p.m.
Steam Engineers, Sawyers, Filers & Mill Mechanics of B.C., Canadian Society of Certified—
President, W. L. Ainger, Avalon Apartments,
165 Pender Street West, Vancouver ; Secretary,
Robert Gray, 36, 163 Hastings Street West,
Vancouver. Meets on second and fourth Mondays in month at 163 Hastings Street West at
8 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International
Union of, Local No. 844—President, John
Norris, 2551 Pender Street East, Vancouver;
Secretary, Geo. Pettipieca, 3715 Twentieth
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters at 8 p.m. every Friday.
Stereotypers & Electrotypers, International Union
of, Local No. 88—President, W. Hayter, c/o
Daily Sun, Vancouver; Secretary, J. McKin-
non, 3635 Fourteenth Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at Labour Temple at 7 p.m. on second
Monday in month.
Stone-cutters, Association of North America—
President, C. T. Cassidy, 3962 Tenth Avenue
West, Vancouver; Secretary, E. W. Tonge,
4119 Grace Avenue, New Westminster. Meets
at Labour Headquarters on second Tuesday in
month at 8 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 101
—President, Jos. E. Smith, 1551 Thirty-seventh
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, Herbert
W. Speed, 3837 Georgia Street, Vancouver.
Meets at K. of P. Hall, Eighth Avenue and
Scotia Street, Vancouver, at 10.15 a.m. on first
Monday and 7 p.m. on third Monday.
Switchmen's Union of North America, Local No.
Ill—Secretary, A. S. Crosson, 3925 Fourteenth
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on first Sunday in month.
Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen, Local
No. 178—President, Colin McDonald, 2834 St.
George Street, Vancouver;   Secretary, W. W. L 78
DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR.
Hacken, 1582 Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Monday in month.
Taxi, Stage & Bus Drivers, Local No. 151—
President, R. Coldicott, 529 Beatty Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Birt Showier, 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty Street
on second and fourth Fridays in month at 11.30
a.m. and 4.30 p.m.
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers, No.
466, International Brotherhood of—President,
A. C. McKay, 70 Sixth Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary, Birt Showier, Room 308, Labour
Headquarters, Vancouver. Meets at Labour
Headquarters on first and third Mondays at
8 p.m.
Theatrical Arts and Crafts Canadian Society,
Local No. 1—President, W. S. MacKenzie,
Room 30, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver ; Secretary, H. E. McKenzie, 2650 Main
Street, Vancouver. Meets at Avenue Theatre,
Main Street, Vancouver, at 2 p.m. on second
Sunday of each month.
Theatrical Stage Employees' Federation & Moving
Picture Machine Operators of the United States
and Canada, International Alliance of, Local
No. 118—President, A. L. Harrington, 462
Eighth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary,
W. J. Park, 2115 Grant Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Labour Headquarters, Vancouver, at
9.30 a.m. on second Friday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
226—President, C. S. Campbell, 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, R. H. Neelands,
529 Beatty Street, Vancouver. Meets at 529
Beatty Street, Vancouver, at 2 p.m. on last
Sunday in month.
Upholsterers' International Union No. 26—President, C. B. Thompson, 833 Eighth Avenue East,
Vancouver; Secretary, F. Slatford, 1956 Ven-
ables Street, Vancouver. Meets at 529 Beatty
Street, Vancouver, on fourth Tuesday in month
at 8 p.m.
Waterfront Freight Handlers' Association—President, A. E. Smith, 233 Main Street, Vancouver;
Secretary, A. T. Moore, 233 Main Street, Vancouver. Meets in rear of 233 Main Street, Vancouver, on first and third Wednesdays in month
at 8 p.m.
Waterfront Workers' Association (Independent),
Vancouver and District—President, Charles
Law, 2534 Yale Street, Vancouver; Secretary,
Allan L. Walker, 1902 Sixth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at 132 Dunlevy Avenue on
second Friday of every month at 8 p.m.
Welders & Helpers, Association of, Local No. 7—
President, Thomas R. Bartholomew, 3668
Triumph Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Fred
G. Brain, 2332 Prince Edward Street, Vancouver. Meets at Labour Headquarters, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Fridays
in every month.
Vernon.
Typographical Union, No. 541—President, H. G.
Bartholomew, Vernon; Secretary, W. B. Hil-
liard, R.R. No. 1, Enderby. Meetings held in
Vernon on last Saturday in month.
Victoria.
Barbers, Journeymen, International Union of,
Local No. 372—President, G. A. Turner, 616
Avalon Road, Victoria; Secretary, Jas. A.
Green, 1319 Douglas Street, Victoria. Meets at
A.O.F. Hall on fourth Monday in month at
8 p.m.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers of
America, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 191—President, L. Basso, 635 John Street,
Victoria; Secretary, P. W. Wilson, 1837 Crescent Road, Victoria.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 147—President, W. W. Laing, 125 Linden
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, J. A. Wiley, 141
Clarence Street, Victoria. Meets at 203 Union
Building, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on fourth Friday
in month.
Bricklayers, Masons & Plasterers of America,
International Union of, Local No. 2—President,
E. W. Mertton, 1039 Hillside Avenue, Victoria;
Secretary, J. H. Owen, 541 Toronto Street,
Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall, Courtney
Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on second Monday
in month.
Canadian Pacific Express Employees, Brotherhood
of, No. 20—President, T. C. Johns, South Turner Street; Secretary, F. E. Dutot, 1546 Bank
Street, Victoria. Meets at Canadian Pacific
Railway Building, 1104 Government Street, on
first Wednesday in month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of,
Local No. 1598—President, A. Smith, Cornwall
Street, Victoria; Recording Secretary, J. Town-
send, Box 26, Victoria. Meets at Labour
Temple at 7.30 p.m. on first and third Mondays
in month.
Civic Employees, Local No. 50—President, Samuel
Howard, 2514 Graham Street, Victoria; Secretary, W. E. Farmer, 2948 Scott Street, Victoria.
Meets at Main Fire Hall, Cormorant Street, at
8 p.m. on second Wednesdays in month.
Cooks, Waiters & Waitresses, Local No. 459—
President, Charles Richardson, Box 233, Victoria ; Secretary, F. Dovey, Box 233, Victoria.
Meets at Room 7, Surrey Building, Yates
Street, on first and third Tuesdays in month
at 3 p.m. and 8.30 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 230—President, E. H. Emery, 346
Arnold Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, W. Reid,
2736 Asquith Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour
Hall, Courtney Street, at 8 p.m. on first and
third  Tuesdays  of  month.
Firefighters, City Union No. 258—President, J.
Bayliss, No. 1 Fire Hall, Victoria; Secretary,
T. A. Heaslip, No. 1 Fire Hall, Victoria. Meets
at Headquarters Fire Hall, Cormorant Street,
at 8 p.m. on or about first of each month.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No.
11—President, W. J. Pearson, 2253 Dalhousie
Street, Victoria; Secretary, Arch. Blackmore,
521 Langford Street, Victoria.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 690—President, E. S. Cottle, 309
Mary Street, Victoria; Secretary, H. Richmond, 615 Wilson Street, Victoria. Meets at
A.O.F. Hall, Cormorant Street, on first Wednesday and third Thursday in month at 7.30
p.m.
Machinists, Local No. 456—President, A. Wallace, 44 Lewis Street, Victoria; Secretary,
C. B. Lester, 3226 Oak Street, Saanich. Meets
at City Temple, North Park Street, on fourth
Thursday in month at 8 p.m. REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER, 1929.
L 79
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
2824—President, W. A. Wright, 601 Kelvin
Road, Victoria; Secretary, G. E. Wilkerson, 50
Sims Avenue, Victoria. Meets at Point Ellice
Station, CN. Railway, on third Sundays of
March, June, September, and December at
2 p.m.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No.
247-—President, A. Prescott, 714 Queens Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, F. V. Horman, 418
Helmcken Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour
Hall on second Sunday in each month at 2 p.m.
in winter and 10.30 a.m. in summer.
Painters, Decorators & Paper-hangers, Brotherhood of, Local No. 1119—President, J. H. Holland, 716 Vancouver Street, Victoria; Secretary, P. W. Smith, 1994 Leighton Road, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall, Courtney Street,
on second and fourth Wednesdays in month at
8 p.m.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf & Dock Builders, No.
2415—President, J. D. Murray, 318 Irving
Road, Victoria; Secretary, P. Packford, P.O.
Box 1027, Victoria. Meets at Westholme Hotel
at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays of
month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
324—President, J. W. Berry, Slmcoe Street;
Secretary, W. J. Pynn, 2225 Victor Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall at 8 a.m. on
second and fourth Tuesdays.
Policemen's Federal Union, Local No. 24—President, B. Acreman, 1376 Begbie Street, Victoria ; Secretary, Claude Belcher, 3231 Rutledge
Street, Victoria. Meets at Police Headquarters at 2.30 p.m. on first Tuesday in month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union, of North America, Local No. 79—President, Thomas Nute, 534 Michigan Street, Victoria ; Secretary, F. H. Larssen, 1236 McKenzie
Street, Victoria. Meets at the Amphion Hall at
8 p.m. on second Monday in month.
Railway Carmen of America, Victoria Lodge No.
50—President, J. Stephenson, 1640 Burton
Avenue, Victoria ; Secretary-Treasurer, John H.
Booth, 2915 Cook Street, Victoria.
Railway Conductors, No. 289—Chief Conductor,
A. H. Bostock, 638 Battery Street, Victoria;
Secretary, J. Martin, 2109 Vancouver Street,
Victoria.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1137—President, E. J. Leonard, 1444 Begbie Street, Victoria ; Secretary, H. McDougall, 1484 Lang
Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall at 8
p.m. on first Thursday in month.
Retail Clerks' International Protective Association, Local 604—Victoria and District—President, J. Talbot, 1737 Bank Street, Victoria;
Secretary, H. H. Hollins, 1318 Broad Street,
Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street,
at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday in month.
Sheet Metal Workers, International Association,
Local No. 134—Prsident, J. Jones, Cadhoro
Bay P.O.; Corresponding Secretary, P. Pitt,
3080 Earl Grey Road, Victoria. Meets at
Temple Hall, 842 North Park Street, at 8 p.m.
on first Thursday in month.
Stonecutters' Association of North America (Journeymen)—President, Joseph Barlow, Blenkin-
sop Road, Victoria; Secretary, Wm. McKay,
651 Cornwall Street, Victoria.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 109—
President, James P. Torrance, 2510 Blackwood
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, W. Turner, 2169
Fair Street, Victoria. Meets at corner of Broad
and Yates Streets at 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. on
second Tuesday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
201—President, A. E. Johnson, 1521 Bank
Street, Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Burgess, Box
1183, Victoria. Meets at Unity Centre Hall,
739 Yates Street, Victoria, at 2 p.m. on last
Sunday in month.
VICTORIA.  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1930.
3,325-730-1054 

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