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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1929 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1931

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
REPORT
PBOVINCIAL MUSEUM
OF
NATURAL   HISTORY
FOE THE YEAR 1929
PRINTED  BY
AUTHORITY OP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
. 1930.  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum
of Natural History for the year 1929.
SAMUEL LYNESS HOWE,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., April 16th, 1930. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Atictoria, B.C., April 16th, 1930.
The Honourable S. L. Howe,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural History, to lay
before you the Report for the year ended December 31st, 1929, covering the activities of the
Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
FRANCIS KERMODE,
Director. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Staff of the Museum     6
Object     7
Admission     7
Visitors     7
Activities     7
Anthropology and Archaeology : 8, 20
Botany  11
Entomology . 12, 22
Ornithology - 16, 24
Oology   19
Accessions  20
Palaeontology     ..— :  22
Amphibians    22
Marine Zoology  23
Mammalogy  24
Publications received from other Museums  25 DEPARTMENT of the PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
The Honourable S. L. Howe, Minister.
P. de Noe Walker, Deputy Minister.
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY.
Staff:
Francis Kermode, Director.
William A. Newcombe, Assistant Biologist. Nancy Stark, Recorder.
John F. Clarke, Associate Curator of Entomology.
Frank J. Risser, Attendant. REPORT of the
PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
FOR THE YEAR 1929.
By Francis Kermode, Director.
OBJECTS.
(a.) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(6.)  To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province.
(c.) To  obtain information  respecting the natural sciences, relating particularly  to the
natural, history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
ADMISSION.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. (except New Year's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on Sunday
afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
VISITORS.
The following figures show the difference between those who registered and those who were
checked by the attendants.   AVhile only 32,245 people registered, the total of the check was 63,111.
Registered. Checked.
January      1,277 2,659
February      1,085 2,211
March      1,018 2,307
April     1,129 2,391
May     1,777 3,784
June       3,408 6,199
July        7,959 14,520
August      8,428 16,384
September      3,069 5,986
October     1,294 2,787
November       1,008 2,262
December       793 1,621
Totals :  32,245 63,111
ACTIVITIES.
AVe are greatly indebted again this year to His Honour Lieutenant-Governor Randolph Bruce
for the great interest he takes in the Museum and its objects. Visitors to Government House he
personally conducts over the Museum, bringing to their notice any exhibits peculiar to the
Province. His Royal Highness Prince Henry, under the instructive guidance of His Honour,
showed great interest in our western specimens.
He has also brought to the attention of the Government the number of totem-poles being
removed from the Province and is endeavouring to have them retained where possible in the
Province.
A very satisfactory increase in the number of visitors to the Museum will be noted, many
having mentioned that they had been advised by friends to make a special trip to Victoria for
this purpose. Organized parties of students from AArashington and Oregon, as well as from
British Columbia, visited A^ictoria to examine our exhibits of natural history and ethnology;
one of the largest classes being from the University of Oregon Summer School, under the leadership of Professor Onthank.
On July 27th a joint meeting of the Pacific Northwest Bird and Mammal Society and the
British Columbia Ornithological Union was held at the Museum; valuable papers on mammals
and birds were read and discussed, after which a dinner was given by the Provincial Government, when the Honourable Mr. F. P. Burden, Minster of Lands, extended them a cordial
welcome. F S BRITISH COLUMBIA.
During the summer Mr. J. F. Clarke, of Pullman, Washington, a fellow-worker of the late
Mr. E. H. Blackmore, was engaged to carry on the entomological work of the Department.
He managed to classify and label our Lepidoptera and Coleoptera collections, and in his field-
work added many species new to the Museum material.
The Department wishes to extend its greatest thanks to Mrs. E. H. Blackmore, who presented
the Museum with over 10,000 entomological specimens, chiefly Coleoptera. This collection
contained many additions to the Museum material and is from different sections of the Province.
The Lepidoptera we were unable to purchase, but we are glad to see it has been obtained by
the University of British Columbia and so saved to the Province.
A number of new cases have been installed in the Anthropological Department, making it
possible to group this material tribally, lack of space not permitting us to give a more instructive
division. To this branch a collection of over 100 specimens of Indian curios was donated by
Mrs. AVilliam Fleet Robertson, to whom we are greatly indebted.
An interesting series of birds' eggs from the Rev. C. J. Young will be noted under Oology.
These had been secured from many parts of Canada during the last sixty years. Rev. Mr. Young
has also contributed to the report a study of the rhinoceros auklet, with notes on other birds
recorded by 'him since residing in British Columbia.
Other sections of natural history have been rearranged and additions made to the collections,
including mosses, lichens, and algce from Mrs. F. S. Noble; and the crustaceans, in which branch
the services of Miss J. Hart were secured, she having recently worked on this group.
In closing, the Director wishes to thank all who have contributed specimens to the Museum
and also the specialists who have aided in the identification of difficult species.
ANTHROPOLOGY.
A Donation by Mrs. AVilliam Fleet Robertson.
A donation containing over one hundred specimens in which are items from all the British
Columbia linguistic divisions. Some of the pieces are exceptionally interesting as they fill in
some notable blanks in our series, such as the papoose carrier and basket from the Kootenai;
rattle from the Northern Dene; diagonal weave mat from the Kwakiutl; and the painted box
from the Haida is the only one of this type in which I have seen the green stone-paint used.
Another piece the carved ceremonial clapper is also a rarity, as is the seal-club, with the carving
of a human face. The following is an annotated list, placing the items, where possible, in their
linguistic group, no collecting data accompanying the material:—
Kootenaian.
4289. Papoose carrier, hand-hewn board, covered with buckskin on the back.
4290. Bag or wallet, " Indian hemp " and wool.
4291. ?Basket, split twig, coiled weave  (pear-shaped), imbricated design with bleached grass
and ? cherry-bark.
4292. Pipe, dark steatite, used with a long stem.
4293. ? AA'ar-club, stone, oval-shaped, polished.
DfiNE.
4264. Rattle, twig frame wrapped with blue cloth, rattle of suspended '? caribou-toes.    ? Tahltan.
4294. Basket,  split twig,  coiled weave,  imbricated design in grass  and cherry-bark,  " deer."
Chilcotin.
4295. Bag, babiche, net weave.    ? Babine.
4296-4300. Baskets, birch-bark, splint rims, sewn with spruce-root.
4301. Snowshoes, sapling frame with raw-hide web, pointed type.
4302. Spoon, mountain-goat horn, two-piece, carved handle.    ? Babine.
4303. Chisel, stone, sharpened from opposite sides, haft rough-chipped.
Salish.
4304. Drum, circular, wood frame with leather-beating surface.
4305-4300. Gambling-bones.    " Lehal," two pairs of. REPORT OF PROAHNCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 9
4307. Snowshoes, splint frame, raw-hide web, small model pair.
4308. Bailer, bent cedar-bark, mounted on cedar handle.
4309. Creaser, used by rush-mat makers, carved to represent a bird.
4310. Needle, spiraea, used by rush-mat makers.
4311-4313. Baskets, split root, coiled weave, trunk shape, imbricated with straw and cherry-bark.
4314-4322. Baskets, split root, coiled weave, pack type, assorted sizes, imbricated designs in straw
and cherry-bark.
4323-4324. Baskets, split root, coiled weave, pack type, oblong, imbricated designs in straw and
cherry-bark.
4325-4326. Baskets, split root, coiled weave, pack type, oblong, imbricated designs in straw and
cherry-bark.
4327. Hammer of stone, piece of.
4328. Arrow-point, chipped make.
Nootkan.
4329. Bailer, canoe, of alder, inverted pyramid.
4330. Needle or awl of whalebone.
4331. Hook bag, cedar-bark.
4332-4334. Baskets of split twig, open weave.
4335-4338. Baskets, cedar-bark, rush and squaw grass, assorted.
4339. Basketry-coVered bottle.
4340. Hat, cedar-bark and rush, conical shape.
4341-4343. Mats, cedar-bark, checker weave, designs in black.
Kwakiutl.
4344. Club for fish, globular type.
4345. Spoon, sheep-horn.
4346. Hat, spruce-root, painted design of a killer whale.
4347. Mat, cedar-bark, diagonal weave, with narrow warp % inch wide, design diamond pattern
by reversal of weave.    (Rare.)
4348. Mat, cedar-bark, diagonal checker weave, design with dyed bark.
4261. Basket, trinket, cedar-bark, open weave.
4262. Basket, trinket, split root, open weave.
Haida.
4259. Basket, pack, spruce-root, twine weave.
4260. Basket, trinket, spruce-root, twine weave, painted design of a raven, red, black, and green.
4349-4352. Baskets, assorted sizes, spruce-root, twine weave.
4353. Mat, cedar-bark, checker weave.
4354. Dish, food, wood dug-out, carved ends, opercula on rim.
4355. Dish, food, wood dug-out, carved ends.
4356. Dish, food, wood dug-out, carved ends.
4357. Box, storage, sides in one piece, painted design in red, black, and green (old paints).
4358-4360. Hooks, halibut, assorted.
4361. Hooks (6), black cod, -made from the heart of a hemlock knot.
4362. Clapper, yew, two-piece, carved to represent ? a sea-lion.
4363. Hammer, stone, mounted on a long handle.
4364. Totem, model, yellow cedar, carved and painted.
4365. Totem, model, slate.
4306. Slate, piece of, as used for carvings.
Tsimshian.
4367-4371. Spoons, mountain-goat horn, carved.
4372-4377. Spoons, mountain-goat horn, plain.
4378. Dish, food, dug-out, canoe shape.
4379. Club, seal, yew, carved human face. F 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Tlinkit.
4380. Basket, spruce-root, twine weave.
4381. Spoon and fork, wood, carved.
4257. Berry-cleaner or carrying-wallet, spruce-root, twine weave, saucer-shaped.
4258. Berry-cleaner or carrying-wallet, spruce-root, twine weave, saucer-shaped.
Eskimo.
4256. Basket, beach-grass, open twined-w-eave, a design in red and blue wood.
Note.—In addition to the above, Mrs. Robertson donated two mounted heads of caribou,
a black-bear skin, and a number of photographs of British Columbia Indians.
THUNDER-BIRD AND AArHALE.
By W. A. Newcombe.
Indian traditions collected in the greater part of Canada and from among many tribes of
the United States include stories of a mythical bird of great strength, the flapping of whose
wings caused thunder and the flashing of his eyes lightning.
The first mention we have of this bird, in articles on what is now British Columbia, is made
in Robert Haswell's " Log of the Columbia and Adventure, 1791-92," in which he states the
Indians believed that " thunder" is caused by an " eagle" dropping a whale into the sea;
Haswell evidently securing the information from the Clayoquots. From page 39 of " The Voyage
of the Sutil and Mexicana " (a Spanish account of the explorations of Captains Galiano and
Valdez), written in 1792, the following quotation, using a free translation, gives us a better
impression of the bird as we know- it from carvings and paintings preserved in Museums to-day:
" ' Tetacus ' (a Nootka chief), having taken a pencil, which lay on a table, drew for us admirably
an eagle in flight, among the sketches he made on a sheet of paper. It had a very large head
with two horns' on it; he represented it carrying a whale in its claws; and assured us that
he had himself seen a bird of that kind descend rapidly from the sky to the sea close to his hut,
seize a whale and rise up again."
Dr. AV. F. Tolmie notes in his journal under date of November 15th, 1834, that he asked
Boston (a Milbanke Sound chief) what occasioned thunder and lightning. He answered: "By
a large bird which on awakening suddenly flaps its wings, thus causing thunder, and it flashes
lightning from its eyes." Dr. Tolmie, commenting on this, says : " The idea held by the natives
here, regarding thunder and lightning, corresponds with that which obtains amongst the
aborigines east of the Rocky Mountains."
This tribe not being whalers and being divided by Queen Charlotte Sound from the main
branch of the Kwakiutl (who were in touch with the Nootkans), apparently did not attach so
much importance to the thunder-bird and whale stories as their southern division, and I know
of no carving or painting from this area illustrating this tradition.
My next chronological note is one taken from Judge Swan's " Indians of Cape Flattery,
1869." Writing about the Makahs, a branch of the Nootkans, he says that the thunder-bird
ceremonials took precedence over all others. The Makahs gave him to understand that the home
of the thunder-bird was in the vicinity of the Clayoquots, from which tribe the myth is said to
have originated.
The two or three quotations above are given to show that the thunder-bird and whale stories
antedate the coming of our explorers and traders, and that the combination centres on the
Nootkans, at whose villages the whites first established themselves on the Coast of British
Columbia. There have been many stories published in various ethnological works on our
North-west Coast Indians on this subject in recent years, as well as some of a lighter vein in
newspapers and magazines. All those written on tribes having communication with the Nootkans
credit the thunder-bird with supernatural powers, whose greatest feat is his fighting and carrying
off whales. (Among some of the Interior tribes the whale is replaced by a giant snake or
lizard.) The mythology connected with the thunder-bird and whale has led some ethnologists
to believe that it quite possibly originated in ancient tribal warfare, in which the thunder-bird
tribe finally enslaved the whale.
The finest representation in carving of this myth that I have come across was the grave
monument to one of the Maquinnas at Friendly Cove, Nootka Sound, in which a large whale is
surmounted by a thunder-bird with outspread wings, approximately 30 feet wide and 20 feet high. PLATE   I.
Fig.   1.
fiLlUt
Fig.  2.  PLATE  II.
^>fe~
Fig.  2.  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 11
A ceremonial screen from Barkley Sound, in the possession of the Provincial Museum, is painted
with a similar scene. This type of screen, it might be mentioned, was recorded by the Spanish
during their stay at Nootka.    (Plate I., Figs. 1 and 2.)
On the east coast of Vancouver Island the best reproduction of this story was on a house-
front at Alert Bay, the owner of which had migrated from Captain A'ancouver's Cheslakee Village
at the mouth of the Nimpkish River. This tribe is known to have had overland trade connections with the Nootkans, and it is quite possible the Cheslakee chief secured the story, and the
permission to use it as a ? crest, from them.    (Plate II., Fig. 1.)
Our Strait of Georgia Indians as well as those at the head of the Strait of Fuca were not
renowned for their totemic paintings or carvings. The finest exhibits of the latter are on the
whorls used in spinning mountain goat wool for domestic purposes, and about 50 per cent, of
these that have come to my notice are that of the thunder-bird, with few exceptions accompanied
by a whale, demonstrating that these tribes (who also had trade connections with the Nootkans)
had a version of this story.    (Plate II., Fig. 2.)
Among our Northern Coast Indians, both on the Mainland and on the Queen Charlotte
Islands, in whose area the centre of the North-west Coast art was in painting and carving,
though both the thunder-bird and whale are often represented, I know of no case where they may
be seen in a similar situation as has been described in connection with the Arancouver Island
and adjacent tribes.
Many designs, picturing the thunder-bird alone, have been secured from tribes east of the
Rockies, but they in no way compare with the art displayed in the representations of this famous
bird by our North-west Coast Indians.
In the foregoing account it appears that the thunder-bird and whale story probably originated on the west coast of Arancouver Island, whose tribes were known ethnologically as the
Nootkans (of which the Makahs of Cape Flattery and vicinity are a branch). These tribes
were the only whalers on the North-west Pacific Coast, whose daring I consider the finest display
of courage shown by any of our British Columbia Indians. The Haida and other Northern
Indians we know made periodical raids on the Coast tribes of the Inland Passage as far south
as Puget Sound, but I do not know the story in which they tackled the Nootkans. These
expeditions were generally in the nature of surprise attacks made by overwhelming numbers,
and did not need the courage required to approach a whale within 15 or 20 feet to drive in the
harpoon, and that in a vessel which, should it be struck by the whale, would split from end
to end.
BOTANY.
Additions to the Herbarium were below the average of the last few years, though we had
an increase of donors (who are listed under accessions). The only large collection received
was that of the late James Noble, presented by Mrs. F. S. Noble, of Arancouver, B.C., consisting
chiefly of Musci, Lichens, Hepatics, and Algae, many of which had been collected in British
Columbia.
Professor H. St. John, and latterly his successor, Mr. G. N. Jones, at State College, Pullman,
AVashington, determined a number of specimens of which we were in doubt; their co-operation
at all times has been of great assistance to us in keeping our material in this branch up to date,
and this opportunity is taken for expressing our appreciation.
Botanically it was a very disappointing season owing to the dryness, and the additions to
the Herbarium were from collections made in 1928, but determined too late to include in the
report of that year. The only exception to this being Mr. Perry's specimens of Cassiope stel-
leriana, taken on the Coquihalla Mountains this summer.
Specimens with interesting locality records were received as follows :—
Habcnaria orbiculata.    From Thetis Lake, Esquimalt District;   collected by Mr. H. Toms.
Newbcrrya congesta.    Goat Mountain, North Arancouver (Mrs. Don Munday).
Erigiron compositus.    Dome Glacier, Comox District (Mrs. W. A. Paul).
Mr. Pool also sent in a number of specimens, chiefly Saxifrages, which were additions to our
Mount Arrowsmith flora, and Major Nation a collection from the Olympic Mountains, AVashington, which included some very welcome material.
The following species with abnormal flowers were received during the season:—
Fritillaria lanccolata Pursh.    Oak Bay (Miss June Maynard). F 12 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Epilobium angustifolium L. Clustered flowers on one enlarged stem. Jordan River, V.I.
(J. AV. Thompson).
Dodecatheon latifolium (Hook.) Piper. AVith about forty flowers on a stem. Langford, V.I.
(Mrs. Donald).
Additions to the Herbarium.
Cephalanthera oregana Reich.    Cultus Lake, Chilliwack District, July, 1928 (F. Perry).
Callitriche hermaphroditica   (L)    (autumnalis L.).    Nicola  Lake,  September,  1928   (Mrs.
MacFadden).
Cassiope stelleriana D.C.    Coquihalla Mountain, July, 1929 (F. Perry).
Omissions and Corrections, 1928 Report.
Page 18. Ferns of British Columbia:   Add Polystichum lonchitis  (L.)  Roth.  (Holly-fern).
Page 19. Additions to Herbarium:  Carex obnupta Bailey.    Previously recorded under Carex
sitchensis Boott.
ENTOMOLOGY.
By J. F. Clarke.
This past year has been a profitable one for the Museum from a standpoint of entomology.
The Department has been fortunate in obtaining some good material and in receiving the help
of specialists in its determinations.
Acknowledgments.
To the following specialists the Department owes its sincere thanks for help in determining
many species in their respective lines :—
To Mr. Busck and Mr. R. A. Cushman, of the United States National Museum, for their
assistance with the Microlepidoptera and Hymenoptera respectively; Mr. E. C. A'an Dyke, of
the University of California, many species of various families of Coleoptera; Mr. J. B. Wallis,
of AVinnipeg, the Dytiscidsa and Hydrophilidae; and Mr. AV. H. A. Preece, of Victoria, the
Cerambycidse.
AVe are greatly indebted to Mrs. Florence Blackmore, of A'ictoria, for permitting us to use
the Blackmore Collection for study and determining many species of Lepidoptera, as well as for
the gift of fully 10,000 entomological specimens, the majority of which had been taken in British
Columbia by early collectors, and for paratypes of Lithonia napasa Morr, race umbrifasciata
Blackm.    (Male, Victoria, March 31st, 1915;   female, A4ctoria, April 10th, 1915.)
Mr. Stace Smith, of Copper Mountain, B.C., and Mr. G. H. Larnder, of North Vancouver,
also donated welcome additions to our determined Coleoptera ; and Mr. AV. B. Anderson, a series,
both male and female, of the Tussock-moth (Hemerocampa pseudotsugata McD.) from Chase, B.C.
AVe also take this opportunity to thank those mentioned in the list of Entomological Accessions for their various contributions, many of which were valuable acquisitions to our collections.
Progress.
This past summer three more life-histories were placed on display and several others are
being assembled to aid students in their study of insect pests. The collections of Coleoptera and
Lepidoptera were rearranged and put in new cases. Any new material that has been brought in
since the collections were last arranged was placed on display, and the entire collections were
brought up to date and arranged to conform as nearly as possible to the latest classifications.
A special effort was made to build up the collections of Microlepidoptera, which were not
well represented. AVith the co-operation of the Museum staff and outside collectors, the collection was enriched by approximately 150 species, most of which are from the southern end of
Arancouver Island. Many of these species are common, but were collected to enlarge the series.
However, a few very desirable species were obtained.
The field-trips were confined to the southern end of Arancouver Island, with one exception;
that being a three-day expedition to Cameron Lake and Mount Arrowsmith. Unfortunately
inclement weather prevailed during the Mount Arrowsmith ascent and consequently scarcely any
insects were taken. Only one micro was captured on this mountain, and that under a rock
sheltered from the weather. Specimens of the water-beetles Agabus hypomelas, A. tristis, and
probably two new species—one a Colymbetes, the other a Dytiscus (near D. fasciventris Say.) — C3    k-
■2 8
'f- =
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ft  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 13
were also secured on this trip, as were a few Elateridae and Carabidae, but there was only one
species, a Carabid, of any consequence. This species is Athous scissus Lee and as far as I know
is a new record for the Province.
Several trips were made to the Sooke River, which on two occasions yielded some desirable
material.
On one visit the writer was able to obtain some live pupaj of Trichoptilus pygmwus AValshm.
on Arctostaphylos eolumbiana Piper, from which a short series emerged. (See Plate III. Fig. 1.)
On another trip to the same place a series of fifty were taken and many more were seen. In 192-3
the writer took a series of seventy-nine specimens on Little Malahat Mountain, V.I., on the same
plant.    Further notes of the complete life-history of this insect will appear at a later date.
Another insect rather rare in the Province, Synanthedon novarmnsis Hy. Edw., was also
taken at Sooke River.    This specimen was a beautiful female taken at rest.    Plate III. Fig. 4.
On the afternoon of August 10th Mr. AV. A. Newcombe, Mrs. J. F. Clarke, and the writer
paid a visit to Rithet's Swamp, on the outskirts of Astoria. Here an abundance of micros were
found.
One of the best captures made was Zelleria haimbachi Busck, hitherto only recorded from
Philadelphia and Nevada. It was found in fairly large numbers on Pinus contorta. Mr. Newcombe and Mrs. Clarke taking a nice series of this handsome micro. Upon approach the moths
characteristically dropped straight downward and were easily secured by holding the killing-
bottle directly below them.    Plate III. Fig. 2.
Batodes angustioruna Haw. was recorded as new to the Province in the summer of 1928.
It was first discovered by Mr. W. Downes, working on the yew-trees in the Provincial Government grounds. A fine series of both males and females were taken this last summer on holly-
bushes, although none of the eggs, larvae, or pupa? were found.    Plate III. Fig. 3.
The following are some records of British Columbia insects described as new to science since
the publication of the Report for 1928:—
Thysanopteea.
Lispothrips populi Moulton, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, p. 287. Terrace (Mrs. AV. AV.
Hippisley).
Hemiptera.
Family ScutelleridjE.
Homwmits wneifrons extensis AValley, described in Can.' Ent., Arol. LXL, Nov., 1929, p. 256.
Vernon (D. G. Gillespie and Rendell) ;   Crowsnest (Dennys) ;   Oliver (Garrett).
Family Aradid^e.
Aradus paganicus Parshley, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, Nov., '1929, p. 244.
Family Lyg^eidjE.
Eremocoris canadensis AValley, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, Feb., 1929, p. 41. This
species is recorded from Keremeos, where it was taken by C. B. Garrett.
Eremocoris melanotns Walley, described in Can Ent., Vol. LXL, Feb., 1929, p. 42. Recorded
from Lillooet by E. R. Buckell.
Family MiRiDiE.
MicrophyeUus adustus benatatus Knight, described in Ent. News, ATol. LXL, Feb., 1929, p. 40.
This new variety is recorded from Saanieh District and Alctoria by AV. Downes.
Family Aphidims.
Myzocallis pulchellus Glendenning, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, Oct., 1929, p. 237.
From specimens taken in A'ictoria by AV. Downes, J. Stanley, and H. Hulbert.
Coleoptera.
Family CANTHARiDiE.
Podabrus falli R. and G. R. Hopping, described in Can. Ent., ATol. LXL, Nov., 1929, p. 252.
Otter Creek, AVestbank, and Princeton (R. Hopping). F 14 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Family Dascillim:.
Maeropogon dubius Brown, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, Dec, 1929, p. 273, British
Columbia.
Maeropogon cribricollis Brown, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, Dec, 1929, p. 274. Gold-
stream, AM., and Victoria (W. Downes).
Family Ptinid.e.
Plateros columbiensis Brown, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, May, 1929, p. 108. This
species is recorded from Brookmere by R. D. Bird.
Ptinus ocellus Brown, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, May, 1929, p. 109. Recorded from
Victoria by AAr. Downes.
Family Scahab/EID.e.
Aegialia crassa insularis Brown, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, April, 1929, p. 87. Queen
Charlotte Islands (J. H. Keen).
Aphodius corruptor Brown, described in Can. Ent., ATol. LXL, Sept., 1929, p. 206. Nelson
(J. Fletcher).
Aphodius pingcllus Brown, described in Can. Ent., ATol. LXL, Oct., 1929, p. 228. Shuswap
Reservation (F. S. Carr).
Diptera.
Family AsilidjE.
Laphria milvlna Bromley, described in Can. Ent., Yo\. LXL, July, 1929, p. 160. Records:
Revelstoke Mountain  (P. N. A'roon) ;   Aspen Grove (E. R. Buckell).
Family DolichopodiojE.
Rhaphium ciliatum Curran, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, Feb., 1929, p. 30. This species
is recorded from Agassiz by H. H. Ross.
.Family SyrphidjE.
Syrphus vcnablesi Curran, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, Feb., 1929, p. 45. Recorded
from A'ernon by E. P. A'enables.
Family AnthomyidjE.
Hylemyia crucifera Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, April, 1929. This species
is recorded from two localities in the Province—from Armstrong by M. II. Ruhmann and from
Inverness by A. A. Dennys.
Hylemyia pentaformis Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, May, 1929, p. 110.
Recorded from Rolla by P. N. Vroon; Crowsnest by A. A. Dennys; Lillooet by A. P. Macdougall;
and from Chilcotin by E. R. Buckell.
Hylemyia garretti Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, May, 1929, p. 117. Recorded
by C. B. D. Garrett from Keremeos, Osoyoos, and Hedley; from Mount McLean, Lillooet District,
by J. McDunnough;  and Rolla, P. N. Arroon.
Hylemyia propinquina Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, May, 1929, p. 117. Taken
at Hedley by C. B. D. Garrett.
Hylemyia replicata Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 136. Keremeos
(C. B. D. Garrett).
Hylemyia lobata Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 137. Recorded
from Fort St. John by P. N. Vroon.
Hylemyia brunetta Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, June, 192-9, p. 139. Taken at
Seton Lake, Lillooet District, by J. McDunnough.
Hylemyia pilicauda Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 141. Specimens
taken at Oliver by C. B. D. Garrett.
Hylemyia scamansi Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 143. Recorded
from Fort St. John by P. N. A'roon.
Hylemyia frontulenta Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, July, 1929, p. 161. Specimens taken at Cranbrook by C. B. D. Garrett. REPORT OF PROATNCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 15
Hylemyia setisissima Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, July, 1929, p. 164. From
two localities, Keremeos and Hedley (C. B. D. Garrett).
Hylemyia oppidans Huckett, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, July, 1929, p. 166. Specimens
taken at Royal Oak and Victoria by AY Downes.
Family Scatophagid.e.
Cordilura inversa Curran, described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 131. Taken at
Oliver by C. B. D. Garrett.
Cordilura criddlei Curran, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, June, 1929, p. 131. Specimens
taken at Nicola by N. diddle.
Lepidoptera.
Family Geometrid.e.
Eupithecia georgii McDunnough, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, March, 1929, p. 67.
Recorded from Kaslo;  taken by J. Cockle.
Family Pyralidje.
Phlyctmnia nordeggensis McDunnough, described in Can. Ent., Arol. LXL, Dec, 1929, p. 266.
Windermere (AVooley-Dod).
Hymenoptera.
Family Tenthredinid.e.
Zaschisonyx montana occidentalis Ross., described in Can. Ent., Vol. LXL, Dec, 1929, p. 272.
Vernon (M. H. Ruhmann and E. R Buckell) ;   Okanagan Falls (E R. Buckell).
Coleoptera New to the Museum Collection.
Xanthochroa tcstacca Horn.    Englishman's River (G. H. Larnder).
Nacerda melanura (L.).    Nanaimo (G. H. Larnder).
Calathus fussipes Goeze.    Introduced from Europe (G. H. Larnder).
Haliplus longulus Lee.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Hydroporus sericeus Lee.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Agabus nigrowneus Er.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Agabus tristis Aube.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith)..
Hydnobius matthewsi Cr.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Cryptohypnus nocturnus lucidulus Mann.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Heterocerus brunneus Melsh.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).'
Adoxus villosulus Schrank.    Copper Mountain  (G. Stace Smith).
Gastroidea cyanea Melsh.    Missezula Lake (G. Stace Smith).
Monoxia sordida (Lee).    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Luperodes varipes Lee.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Dorytomus brevicollis Lee    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Proctorus (Encalus) decipiens (Lee).    Missezula Lake (G. Stace Smith).
Rhyncolus brunneus Mann.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Pityogenes Knechteli Sw.    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
Orthotomicus vicinus (Lee).    Copper Mountain (G. Stace Smith).
ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS TO THE CHECK-LIST OF THE MACROLEPIDOPTERA
OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1927.
Additions.
Page 10.   After genus Callipsyche add Satyrium fuliginosa Edw.    L.FV.
Page 12.   Before Hyloicus add Protoparce quinqucmaculata Haw.    So. Int.
Page 18.   Add Agrotis sierras Harv.    Marron Lake, B.C., 3, VII., 23.    New record for B.C.
Family PhaLjEniDjE.
Subfamily Apatelinse.
Page 27.   Instead of Caradrina extima AVlk. read Athetis extima Wlk. F 16 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Corrections.
A recent revision of the Eupithecias of Canada, by Dr. J. McDunnough, places several of
our British Columbia species in the synonomy. The revision up to the time of writing affecting
our species is as follows:—
Eupithecia Curt.
silenata Standfs.    So. Vane I.;  Kaslo ;   Vancouver.
insignificata Tayl.
minorata Tayl.
scelestata Tayl.
pygmaeata Hbn.    So. Vane I.
obumbrata Tayl.
bryanti Tayl.    Vancouver.
modesta Tayl.
castigata Hbn.    Duncan ;  Rosedale;  Kaslo.
latipennis Hulst.
luteata Pack.    Kaslo.
bifasciata Dyar.
columbiata Dyar.    Kaslo.
harlequinaria Dyar.    Victoria ;  Wellington ;  Fraser Mills;  Kaslo;   Lillooet.
dyarata Tayl.
satyrata Hbn.    Kaslo ;  Field.
dodata Tayl.
terminata Tayl.    Kaslo.
slocanata Tayl.
nimbicolor Hist.    Kaslo.
obscurior Hist.
adomata Tayl.
Kasloata Dyar.    Kaslo.
casloata Dyar.
gelidata Moesch.    Atlin ;  Windermere,
innotata Hufn.    Kaslo;  Lillooet.
cootenaiata Dyar.
alberta Tayl.
georgii McD. (new species).    Kaslo.
sobrinata Hbn.    Duncan.
interruptofasciata Pack.
Until the completion of Dr. McDunnough's work the sequence of the remaining species, thus
far not affected by the revision, will remain the same.
A  STUDY OF THE RHINOCEROS AUKLET AND  OTHER  BIRDS  IN
BRITISH COLUMBIA, 1929.
By Rev. C. J. Young.
In the year 1924 I made my first trip to British Columbia, and with the exception of an
occasional visit back to Ontario, I have been there ever since.
At my time of life I am not able to make many new records of birds, but being much
Interested in the divers and other sea-birds met with on the Pacific Coast, I undertook a trip
to the north end of Arancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands (the second one) in
the late spring of 1929; my particular desire being to study the breeding habits of the rhinoceros
aukiet, which frequents Pine Island, in Queen Charlotte Sound, some 10 miles from the Vancouver Island shore.
Accordingly, on May 30th of last year I left Arancouver on the Union Steamship Company's
steamer " Camosun," and after a smooth passage reached Queen Charlotte Sound, at the north
end of Vancouver Island, where P. G. Pike, the lighthouse-keeper at Pine Island, came out in
his gas-boat to meet the steamer and took me ashore to the island. The landing is only possible
in calm weather, for there are no beaches, and the steps and cement-work that was recently put
in was washed  away by the storms  of the previous winter.    So with the aid of Mr.  Pike PLATE   IV.
TRIANGLE   ISLAND.
STORM  ISLANDS.      QUEEN  CHARLOTTE  SOUND.  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 17
I scrambled on to the rocks and made my way to the lighthouse. Here I was hospitably entertained by Mr. and Mrs. Pike. I much appreciated their kindness, and stayed for over a fortnight,
a few days longer than intended, on account of strong winds and a heavy sea that prevented
my reaching Shushartie Bay at Vancouver Island shore.
There are but few birds nesting on Pine Island. During the spring and fall migrations a
number are attracted to the light, and some, striking the glass, are killed, though in no great
quantity. Leach's petrel apparently is the greatest sufferer, as half a pailful of these have
been picked up at times around the light.
Others I observed were: Bald eagles, duck-hawks (var. Pealei), ravens, glaucous-winged
gulls, the rhinoceros auklet, Cassin's auklet, pigeon guillemot, the harlequin duck, and a scoter;
violet-green cormorants and black oyster-catcher; of land birds—robins, russet-backed thrush,
sooty song-sparrow, fox-sparrow (Townsendi), golden-crowned kinglet, goldfinch, and a rufous-
backed humming-bird. No doubt there were a few more, but these were the only ones I actually
saw; all of these breed except ravens, glaucous-winged gull, scoter, and humming-bird. The
rhinoceros auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata (Pallas)) was to me the most interesting, both on
account of its seclusive habits and its nocturnal movements. To the best of my knowledge it
was first of all noted on the island by Messrs. AV. Burton, of Victoria, and the late C. de B.
Green, in 1909.
From P. G. Pike I learnt that the species arrives early in the spring in a large flock during
the night; their arrival is at once evident; nothing is seen of them during the day. They dig
their deep burrows in the black peaty earth and commence to lay between May 10th and 21st;
by the end of the month some of the eggs are highly incubated; the young are hatched in June.
Their burrows vary in depth from 6 feet to upwards of 20. In May, 1922, Vivian Hart, of
Scarlett Point, who was relieving at the lighthouse, wishing to obtain an egg of this auklet,
known here as the " guillemot," dug into a burrow for 25 feet before locating one; the average
depth is 10 to 15 feet. At the end the hole widens; there is no actual nest; sometimes a little
dry grass, but the egg is often stained and dirty through contact with the soil. Only one egg
is laid; incubation appears to take one month, though from one cause or another the date of
laying varies and is uncertain. If the first egg is lost, they appear to lay a second time, for we
found almost fresh eggs as late as June 7th, whilst others were then ready to hatch. The egg
much resembles the egg of the tufted puffin, white and having similar lilac shell markings,
though noticeably smaller and not so pointed; the size varying from 73.50 by 47 to 63.70 by 44.60
millimetres; the average of ten eggs was 68.50 by 46.20 millimetres. The bird is quite nocturnal
in its movements; the males go far out to sea in the daytime, returning at night. We caught
several in their burrows; they are very vicious when handled, and use their beaks and claw-s
freely, as I found ont. The Indians (who have a fishing camp on Storm Islands, about 3 miles
away) consider these birds and their eggs a delicacy, and collect both (birds and eggs) from
the islands. It is a curious fact that none of these auklets breed on any other islands in the
vicinity, or for miles around. There are none, as I investigated, on Tree Island, or on the Storm
Islands, or within a radius of many miles. They are not found breeding on Triangle Island, or
on the west coast of Graham Island, or Langara, though the bird is frequently seen there; but
possibly may be found at Foresters Island across Dixon Entrance; whilst there is a known
breeding resort on Destruction Island, off the coast of Washington. At the close of the summer
they move aivay and are found far out at sea, and along the coast, southwards.
Cassin's auklet (Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Pallas)) also breeds on Pine Island. AVe found
three of their eggs amongst the burrows of the other auklet. They arrive quite early in the
spring, about April 25th, and by June 9th have well-fledged young. They are also nocturnal, but
not to the same extent as the former, for in crossing from Pine Island to Shushartie on June 18th
I noticed a large number swimming and diving after food. This bird is not so local; a number
were breeding on Tree Island, and on June 13th we found there several young birds that
appeared to have been hatched about three weeks and were nearly ready to take to the water.
Eggs must have been laid in April. This bird breeds in numbers on the Queen Charlotte Islands ;
near the lighthouse on Langara Island, and elsewhere, in company with the ancient murrelet;
also on Triangle Island, though on the islands in Queen Charlotte Sound there are no murrelets
breeding, as far as I could ascertain. Both Cassin's and the rhinoceros auklet breed amongst the
timber, some of their burrows being a distance from the sea; burrows of the latter, evidently
occupied, I found many yards inland. (This also is true of the ancient murrelet (Synthlibor-
amphus antiquus (Gmelin)), which is so abundant on Langara.) The single egg, which is white,
2 is laid from the middle of April to the first week in June. They breed in company with the
rhinoceros auklet on the same grassy slope, also amongst a thick growth of lilies, but their
burrows are not as deep. On Tree Island, half a mile distant, they frequent the same bank as
Leach's petrel. On June 13th we crossed in the boat; while digging for petrels we found a
young Cassin's auklet, which was well feathered and would have soon left its burrow; but
Leach's petrel (Oceanodroma leuvorhoa (A7ieillot)) had not yet begun to lay. In each of the
burrows of the latter we found two birds; on being handled they ejected a blackish liquid which
had a strong, disagreeable odour. I was glad to put them away. Leach's is the last of the
sea-birds to breed; up to June 18th we could find no eggs; the fork-tailed petrel, which has
been noted on some of these islands, is two or three weeks earlier. I did not meet with it; the
only petrels I saw were Leach's; they are abundant on Tree Island and on Storm Islands;
whilst we found a few on Pine Island. They seem to keep close to the shore-line and not to
penetrate inland like the anklets and murrelets.
On June 3rd, when digging for auklets on Pine Island, Pike's dog dug out two young birds
about ten days old. At the time I thought they were the young of the rhinoceros auklet, and
that was Pike's idea. They had light-blue legs and feet and blue eyes. Unfortunately I did not
preserve them ; on thinking the matter over later, I began to suspect they must be some other
bird, as the auklets have dark legs and feet and blackish eyes, though the former may change
with maturity.
The black oyster-catcher (Hwmatopus bachmani Audubon) was numerous on the islands.
A number frequented the rocks at Pine Island, but I do not think they breed there; though on
Tree Island, adjacent, we found two fresh eggs on June 7th. This was evidently a second laying,
for on the 9th Pike found an egg nearly ready to hatch, and a few days later I found a nest from
which the young had recently gone. They lay their eggs on the bare rocks, with merely a few
pieces of bark or driftwood scratched together and small pieces of shell.
I did not observe the tufted puffin (Lunda cirrhata, (Pallas)) at Pine Island or in Shushartie
Bay, but towards the Mainland and on Storm Islands there were a few pairs. On June 1st
I secured two of their eggs from the Indians on Storm Island, and a few days later another one.
They were quite fresh at this date, so evidently are a fortnight later at least in laying than the
rhinoceros auklet. They do not burrow as far into the earth; in fact, some of their eggs are
not more than 3 or 4 feet in. We saw a few birds flying about at Storm Islands ; while formerly
common, they are becoming scarce. The Indians, roving from place to place during the fishing
season, gather a large number of eggs and kill some of these birds; so that these, along with
gulls and auklets, are decreasing in numbers yearly. But few gulls were breeding; on Tree
Island there was one pair; two eggs were brought to me from Deserters Island, otherwise I saw
but few; the glaucous-winged (Larus glaucescens Naumann) was the only variety. It commences to lay on some rocky islet about June 1st; at least a fortnight later than the herring-gull,
which does not appear to nest in the vicinity, but prefers inland waters.
On June 2nd I found a sooty song-sparrow's (Melospiza melodia ruffina (Bonaparte)) nest
near the lighthouse; the eggs were much incubated, and by the 5th the four eggs were hatched.
At this date three young birds in a falcon's nest were well fledged and almost ready to fly; a
few days later Pike shot one of them; the other two got away. They had apparently been
hatched five or six weeks.
There were numbers of pigeon guillemots (Cepphvs columba Pallas) about the island and
a few at Tree Island. They are by no means early breeders; laying their eggs in clefts of the
rocks near the sea. On June 3rd we found three nesting-sites; they do not make a nest; one
of these had two eggs; the others, one in each. They had only commenced to lay at this date;
a week later, about the 8th, we could have secured a number of eggs, for many of them are
within easy reach. A pair of harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus (Linnaeus), evidently
mated, were swimming about near the shore, and gave me the impression that they were nesting
near by among the long grass and bushes ; later I saw a flock of nine at Tree Island, but none
of these were paired.
On the 7th I saw a humming-bird, but failed to see it again ; on the 13th watched a kinglet
feeding young ones, which had recently left the nest, which I could not locate. There are large
hemlocks and spruce on the island, which is heavily timbered; also a few cedar. Considering
its wind-swept situation, it is surprising how large and straight the trees have grown, exposed
as they are to the " sweep " of the Pacific on the west and north-west. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929.
F 19
I passed the time pleasantly, favoured with fair weather, and obtained a good insight into
the habits of the birds I met with. Though the auklets were numerous, I failed to see any
murrelets, though farther north at Langara Island these are plentiful.
AVith regard to the marbled murrelet (Brachyramphus marmoratus (Gmelin)), I picked one
up on the shore of Burrard Inlet, near West Vancouver, in immature plumage. I saw another
alive that had struck a wire on Granville Street, Vancouver, in the summer of 1926, and another
was found on the Malahat Drive, near Cobble Hill, A7ancouver Island, in full breeding plumage
by G. D. Sprot, 1929; so I have no doubt that this bird is scattered during the summer in pairs
all about the Strait of Georgia to Queen Charlotte Sound, and farther north to Prince of Wales
Island across Dixon Entrance. I have seen a few at Clayoquot Sound and elsewhere; it is a
most interesting bird to study, especially with regard to its nesting-habits, which are almost
unknown. I have an idea that they usually breed in isolated pairs rather than in colonies;
hence it has happened that the few single eggs, which no doubt belonged to them, have been
occasionally found.    I have records of nine eggs, most of which possibly belong to the species.
The first is the egg in the United States National Museum, taken from the oviduct of a bird
shot in the Prince of Wales Island, Alaska. (See A. C. Bent, Part 1, " Life Histories of North
American Diving Birds," Bulletin 107, page 142.) The next, an egg collected by the late Dr. C. F.
Newcombe at Queen Charlotte Islands in 1901, doubtless of this species. The third, an egg
picked up by a logger on the moss under the spruce and hemlock, 25 miles east of Bellingham,
Washington, at a spot on the Nooksak River above the Saxon Camp, in 1925, in all probability
of this species. One egg found by the late C. de B. Green at Banks Island, near Prince Rupert.
Four eggs taken in a colony of some twenty birds by J. C. Darcus at Queen Charlotte Islands
in 1927, and referred by him to this species. Two eggs brought from the same locality to C. J.
Young, but considered by him quite doubtful.
In addition to this record, I may mention that from Mr. K. Racey, of Vancouver, I learnt
that in the spring of 1927 a marbled murrelet was shot at Harrison Lake, nearly 100 miles east
of Vancouver, by Ronald Stewart, of Chilliwack, B.C., which contained in its oviduct a fully
developed egg. This is all I have been able to learn of, and whether the bird lays only one egg,
or two, like its congener, the ancient murrelet, is still undetermined.
OOLOGY.
The Museum is indebted to the Rev. C. J. Young, Vancouver, for a donation of Canadian
and British birds' eggs, containing 64 species and 284 specimens. These eggs had been saved
from a fire which destroyed the greater part of Mr. Young's valuable collection—one that had
been seventy years in the making.
The eggs listed below are those representing Western Canadian or closely allied species.
No. of
Eggs
in
Set.
Common Name.
Species.
Locality.
Collector.
sEchmophorus occidentalis  (Lawrence)
Crane Lake, Alta	
Moose Mtn., Sask	
West Lake, Ont	
J. Macoun.
C. ,T. Young.
C. J. Young.
J. Macoun.
C. .T. Young.
Dr. Clarke.
Holboell's Grebe	
3
1
Eared Grebe	
Pied-billed Grebe	
St. Lawrence River	
Newfoundland	
2
3
Larus franklini (Richardson)	
3
Common Tern	
Quill Lake, Sask
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
?
'2
Sterna paradisora (Erunnich)	
Nairn, Scotland	
Leeds County, Ont	
3
Black Tern	
American Bittern	
4
1
Escott Pond	
V
1
6
Sora 	
C. J. Young.
4
2
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
4
Kildeer	
3
V
Leeds County, Ont	
1
•>
Q
Ruffed Grouse	
Bonasa umbellns Linnseus	
C. J. Young. F 20
BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Oology—Continued.
No. of
Eggs
in
Set.
Common Name.
Species.
Locality.
Collector.
6
Willow-ptarmigan
Mr. Whittaker.
3
Tympanuchus amcricanus Reichenbach
Mr. Whittaker.
6
2
2
White Bear Lake, Sask..
1
Swainson's Hawk	
Rough-legged Hawk
C. J. Young.
2
Old Wives Creeks, Sask...
Porcupine River, Mackenzie District
1
•>
0
Great Horned Owl
Bubo virginianus  (Gmelin)	
3
Leeds County, Ont	
?
Wolfe Island, Ont	
3
American Magpie	
Pica pica (Linnaeus)	
1
1
1
3
4
Sooty Song-sparrow
and nest
Kusset-backed Thrush
and nest
Melospiza melodi rufina (Bonaparte)....
Hylocichla n. ustulata  (Nuttall)	
Pine Island, Q.C. Sound,
1929
Clayoquot Sound, 1926..
C. J. Young.
C. J. Young.
Exchanges and Additions.
Mr. W. F. Burton replaced the set of three North-west Coast Heron eggs donated by him in
1919 with a set of four taken on Chatham Island, Haro Strait, May 1st, this year, as well as
exchanging the single Band-tailed Pigeon egg with one taken on Pender Island in 1928.
Glaucous-winged Gull, very small specimen; length 1% inch, diameter 1% inch. Bare
Island, Haro Strait (W. A. Newcombe).
? Chestnut-backed Chickadee, nest and 1 egg. Found in a hollow stump, Gonzales, Victoria
(C. C. Pemberton).
Humming-bird nest, found on an outer branch of red cedar, Victoria District (John Southwell, Jr.).
ACCESSIONS.
In addition to accessions mentioned in the foregoing articles, the following specimens have
been received:—
Anthropology and AkcHjEology.
Dene (Carrier).
Slush-scoop, used in clearing fishing-holes of ice.    Tatelkuz Lake (F. Swannell).
Food-roots   (Lomatium  sp.),  for  winter   use.    McLeod's   Lake   (J.   E.   Mclntyre  per   F.
Swannell).
DenC (Tahltan).
Copper, native copper from the Vass & McAuley claim, Squaw Creek, Y.T. (presented, J. R.
Alguire).
Dene' (Slaves).
Belt, hat-band, pack-strap, braces, and moose-hide moccasins; all with geometric designs in
quill-work.    Fort Nelson (purchased, W. H. Cartwright).
Dene (Beaver).
Moccasins, 2 pairs, moose-hide, plain.    Hay River  (purchased, W. H. Cartwright).
Dene (Sekanais).
Moccasins, moose-hide with beaded design and babiche, showing method* of cutting from a
hide.    Sikanni River (purchased, W. H. Cartwright).
Dene (Grand Laker) (Branch of the Sekanais).
Moccasins,  caribou-hide,  leather instep bordered  with  quill-work  cord.    Near  the  Liard
River (purchased, W. H. Cartwright). REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 21
Kootenaian.
Bag, Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum) and wool, design with diamond and vegetable-
dyed wools (Mrs. L. A. Genge).
Stone club, globular stone, mounted on a wooden handle with raw hide when green. Yahk,
B.C.  (G. S. Baker).
Salish.
Basket, small, oblong coiled weave with design in " beaded" work. Douglas Landing
(purchased, Miss W. V. Redfern).
Basket, pack type, coiled weave, ladder design in straw and cherry-bark. Fraser Canyon
(purchased).
Canoe, model of travel-canoe, Nootkan type, totemic design on bow and stern (purchased,
Miss Newton).
Clams, smoked, dried, and strung on cedar-bark; to be stored for winter food. Saanich
(purchased).
Spear-point, chipped make.    Douglas Landing  (Miss Newton).
Spear-point, chipped make, obsidian.    Victoria  (R. Melville).
Spear-point, chipped make, obsidian.    South Saanich (J. T. Hepburn).
Spear-point, chipped make, flint, very large, triangular, found in a cut when building the
C.P.R. near Spuzzum, by Jas. Bell, 1882 (presented by J. Warren Bell).
Arrow-point, ground, slate.    Duncan, V.I.  (J. H. Prichard).
Dagger, mica-schist, perforated handle.    Semiamo Bay (purchased, W. B. Anderson).
? Club, mica-schist, weathered.    Adams Lake (purchased, W. B. Anderson).
Chisel, stone, small.    Cobble Hill, V.I. (G. D. Sprot).
Chisel, stone, small.    Cadboro Bay  (A. H. Maynard).
Dressing-stones (5) and rubbing-stones (4), used for preparing skins and separating vegetable fibres.    Victoria (E. A. Cooke).
Net-sinkers (3), ? for bird-nets.    Victoria (E. A. Cooke).
Stones, use ?    Victoria (E. A. Cooke).
Note.—This collection from Mr. Cooke is very interesting. The pieces, though of rough
manufacture, were all found in one locality, on the outskirts of Victoria, at a possible site for
the use of bird-nets, the type noted by Captain Vancouver, and also close to a " cedar stand "
and where food-roots were plentiful.
Bone point, weathered.    Beaver Creek, V.I.  (Hilda L. Ford).
Spear-point, bone.    Found by Mr. Charters, Sooke, V.I.    Presented by Dr. W. D. Calvert.
Nootkan.
Chisel, stone.    Port Renfrew (G. Mutter).
Bottle, basketry-covered, designs in native dyes (Miss Newton).
Basket, vase-shaped, made of cedar-bark and rush, mixed weaves  (Mrs. L. A. Genge).
? Kwakiutl.
Hat, spruce-root, northern type, coarse weave, painted design  (purchased, Miss Merrill).
Haida.
Dagger, stone, broken piece of.    Masset (J. Bridden).
Spear-points  (2), bone, fragments.    Masset (J. Bridden).
Eskimo.
Coat, made from caribou-skins (Mrs. E. C. Hart).
Osteology.
Salish.
Skull and part of skeleton, excavated at Work Point Barracks (Captain Underwood).
Skeleton, part of.    Whiffen Spit, Sooke, V.I. (A. Kohout). F 22 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Nootkan.
Skulls (2).    Port Renfrew (G. Mutter).
Kwakiutl.
Skull, Koskimo type (Mrs. E. Jones, Victoria).
Note.—This is the finest specimen of this type of deforming I have ever come across.
Palaeontology.
Balanus gregarium  (Conrad).    Miocene of California  (presented, I. E. Cornwall).
Inoceramus digit at us.    Cowichan District (Mrs. G. D. Sprot).
Inoceramus sp.    Nanaimo District (J. T. Hepburn).
Inoceramus sp.    No. 1 Mine, Nanaimo District (R. Rallison).
Paehydiscus ? haradai.    Nanaimo District (J. T. Hepburn).
Tapes staminea.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (Rev. C. J. Young).
Ammonite sp.    Mount Douglas, V.I., gravel-pits (Rev. R. Connell).
Block containing Mytilus sp.    1,500 feet above Jordan River (M. E. Lohbrunner).
Aueella sp. and Nassa sp.    1,500 feet above Jordan River (M. E. Lohbrunner).
Tree, trunk species?    Two specimens from Shoal Harbour, Saanich (Mrs. Barrow, Saanich,
and R. W. Hunter, Victoria).
Sandstone cast with the appearance of a salmon.    Cumberland (T. R. Jackson).
Casts of Mollusca.    Stamp Falls, Alberni  (M. L. Smith).
Nodule, shaped like a horse-hoof.    Island, Strait of Georgia (Mr. Jenkins).
Botany.
Herbarium specimens were received from the following: Mrs. Donald, Mrs. Priestley, W. B.
Anderson, W. F. Burton, Miss Wollaston, Miss J. Maynard, Miss H. Hinder, Major Nation,
W. Preece, C. C. Pemberton, H. Toms, Mrs. Clarke, J. F. Clarke, Mrs. J. F. Clarke, H. P. Eldridge,
Mrs. Dover, E. A. Cooke, and G. A. Gibson, of Victoria; Rev. C. J. Young, Mrs. Don Munday,
F. Perry, Mrs. F. S. Noble, and J. W. Thompson, of Vancouver; G. Fraser, of Ucluelet, V.I.;
T. H. Bond, of Nicola; G. Stace Smith, of Copper Mountain; G. Gaske, of Trail; Mrs. W. B.
Paul, of Courtenay;  Mrs. Whitwell, of Sooke;   J. Pool, of Nanaimo.
Botany—Miscellaneous.
Root-graftings  (Thuya plicata Donn.).    Lake Cowichan  (W. Baylis).
Stems of Acer sp. and Salitv sp., showing deep impressions caused by the spiral twining of
Lonicera sp.    Lake Cowichan (W. Baylis).
Stems of Spirwa discolor, showing bark incisions made by sapsuckers (Sphyrapicus sp.).
Victoria (C. C. Pemberton).
Stump of willow (Salix sp.), the walls of the hollow heart covered by a fungus growth.
Reptilia.
Garter-snake (Thamnophis o. ordinoides B. & G.).    Victoria District (J. F. Clarke).
Alligator Lizard (Gerrhonotus principis B. & G.).    Vedder Crossing (Mrs. Leavens).
Amphibia.
Two Pacific Tree-toads (Hyla rcgilla B. & G.).    Florence Lake, V.I.  (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Frog (Rana sp.).    Vedder Crossing, B.C. (Mrs. Leavens).
Two Frogs (Rana sp.).    Saskatchewan (W. H. Moore).
Ichthyology.
Pipe-fish   (Siphostoma griseolineatum Ayres).    Loughborough Inlet  (R. W. Hunter).
Dog-fish (Squalus sucklii Girard), two small specimens.    Sooke, V.I. (E. A. Cooke).
Entomology.
Lepidoptera.
E. A. Cooke, W. H. Moore, N. C. McManus, L. C. Masfen, Mr. Gould, Violet Harrison, all
from Victoria. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 23
Coleoptera.
Peggy Ingledew, Pat Martin, W. H. Gibson, J. F. Risser, R. Milne, T. T. McBane, Miss Hinder,
C. Prescott, A. H. Maynard, Mrs. Willard, specimens captured in the vicinity of Victoria. J. R.
Forrester, Departure Bay; A. G. Dayton, Bamberton; R. Cumming, Vancouver; Mrs. Sweeney,
Westholme ; Miss Jones, Matsqui; II. S. Simpson, Sooke; Mrs. K. R. Napier, Saanich, species
captured in their districts.
General Entomology.
C. A. Bramble, Victoria; W. R. Gibson, Victoria; Miss Hinder, Victoria; Reta Lemm,
Victoria.
Miscellaneous.
Spiders from Rene Watson, Victoria;   W. Gerrard, Alberni;   Mrs. Janssen, Victoria.
Hairworm (Cordiacea sp.).    J. C. Pearce, Fulford Harbour.
Marine.
Echinoderms.
(Collected by W. A. Newcombe, Victoria, B.C.)
Asteroidca.
Henricia leviuscula (Stim) Fish.
Leptasterias epichlora Ver.
Ophiuroidea.
Brittle Star (Ophiura brevispina Say.).
Echinoidea.
Strongylocentrotus franciscanus A. Agassiz.
Strongylocentrotus purpuratus Stimpson.
Strongylocentrotus drobaehicnsis A. Agassiz.
Mollusca.
Butter-clam  (Saxidomus giganteus Deshayes).    Saanich Inlet (W. A. Newcombe).
Bent-nosed Clam (Macoma nasuta Conrad).    North Saanich (W. A. Newcombe).
Soft-shell Clam (Mya arenaria L.).    North Saanich (W. A. Newcombe).
Purple Chrysodome (Chrysodomus smirinus Dall.).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Red-lined Chiton (Lepidochitona lineata Wood.).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Hairy Chiton (Mopalia ciliata Sowerby).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Black Chiton (Katherina tunicata Wood).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Giant Chiton (Cryptochiton slelleri Middendorff).    Victoria (A. P. Cowan and W. A. Newcombe) .
Mollusca—Land and Fresh Water.
Northern Selen (Haplotrema vancouverensis (Lea).    Cowichan District (W. H. Moore).
Faithful Snail' (Epiphragmophora fidelis Gray).    Victoria (W. H. Moore).
Sphere Shell (Sphwrium simile Say).    Cariboo District (W. A. Newcombe).
Crustacea.
Smooth Porcelain Crab  (Petrolisthes criomerus Stimpson).    Victoria  (Miss Hart).
Rough Porcelain Crab (Pachycheles rudis Stimpson).    Victoria  (W. A. Newcombe).
Moss-back Crab (Hapalogaster mertensii Brandt.).    Victoria  (W. A. Newcombe.
Pinnixa (Pinnixa littoralis Holmes).    Victoria (Miss J. Hart).
Pinnixa (Pinnixa schmitti Rathbun).    Victoria (Miss J. Hart).
Pinnixa (Pinnixa faba Dana).   Victoria (Miss J. Hart and S. Boys).
Helmet-crab (Telmessus cheiragonus (Tilesius) Rathbun).   Victoria (S. Boys).
Hairy-cancer Crab (Cancer or egonensis (Dana) Rathbun).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Black clawed Crab  (Lophopanopeus bellus  (Stimpson)  Rathbun).    Victoria  (Miss Hart).
Big Kelp Crab (Epialtus productus Randall).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Hairy Hermit-crab  (Paguristes turgidus Stimpson).    Victoria (W. A. Newcombe).
Stalked Barnacle  (Lepas anatifera L.).   West Coast, V.I.  (Dr. Williamson).
Stalked Barnacle (Lepas fascicularis Ellis & Solander).    West Coast.    (Last 2 species per
I. E. Cornwall.) F 24 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Miscellaneous Marine.
Sponge (Halichondria panicea).    Victoria.
Annelid sp.    Victoria.
Serpula sp.    Victoria.
Ornithology.
California Murre (Uria troille californicus H. Bryant). Ogden Point, Victoria, B.C. Killed
by waste oil.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens Naumann). Goldstream, V.I.; three specimens
(W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Herring-gull (Larus argcntatus Pontoppidan).    Victoria;   found dead (W. H. Gibson, Sr.).
Blue-winged Teal (Querquedula discors (Linnaeus).    Saanich District.
American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus (Montagu). Found injured; Nanaimo, B.C.
(per J. W. Graham).
Sora (Porzana Carolina Linnaeus).    Found dead;   Victoria  (O. C. Bass).
Pectoral Sandpiper (Pisobia maculata (Vieillot)). Sea Island, Fraser River (R. A.
Cumming).
Red-backed Sandpiper (Pelidna alpina sakluilina (Vieillot)), Sea Island, Fraser River
(R. A. Cumming).
Western Sandpiper (Ereunetes mauri Cabanis).   Sea Island, Fraser River (R. A. Cumming).
Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia (Linnaeus)).    Vancouver (R. A. Cumming).
Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperi (Bonaparte)).    Esquimalt (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Rough-legged Hawk (Archibuteo lagopus sancti-johannis (Gmelin)). Gordon Head, Victoria, B.C. (F. Kermode).
Screech-owl (Otus asio kennicotti (Elliot)).    Victoria;   found dead (A. E. Pickford).
Northern Red-breasted Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus ruber notkensis (Suckow)). Goldstream
District, V.I.  (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Northwestern Flicker (Colaptes cafer saturatior Tiidgway=Colaptes c. cafer) (see Birds of
AVestern Canada).    Two specimens;   Victoria and Esquimalt Districts (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Skylark (Alauda arvensis (Linnaeus)).   Found frozen; Victoria District (A. J. H. Wootten)
Steller's Jay (Cyanocitta stelleri stelleri (Gmelin)).   Esquimalt District (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Junco (Juneo hyemalis oreganus (J. K. Townsend)).   Esquimalt District (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Forbush's Sparrow (Melospiza lincolni gracilis (Kittlitz)). South Vancouver (R. A.
Cumming).
Lutescent Warbler (Vcrmivora celata lutescens (Ridgway)). South Vancouver (R. A.
Cumming).
Pipit (Antlius rubescens (Tunstall)).    Sea Island, Fraser River (R. A. Cumming).
Varied Thrush (Ixoreus nasvius nxevius (Gmelin)).    Esquimalt District (W. H. Gibson, Jr.).
Mammology.
Bat (Myotis sp.).    Victoria, B.C. (presented, J. Aaranson).
Sea-otter (Enhydra I. lutris (Linn.)) (tippet made from the skin of). This specimen,
presented by Mrs. L. A. Genge, Victoria, is made from a skin which was among the first to be
traded in at Fort Victoria. --
Wolf, head of (Canis occidentalis (Richardson)), mounted; killed at Millarville, Alta.
Loaned by Mrs. Bryce-Wright.
Squirrel (Sciurus hudsonicus sp.), grey skin of. Trapped on Level Mountain, Cassiar
District (presented, H. W. Dodd, Telegraph Creek).
Black-tailed Deer (Odocoileus c. columbianus (Richardson)). Mounted specimen—albino
—shot near "The Green Timbers" Pacific Highway, Fraser Valley, in 1913 (purchased, F.
Shelley).
Mountain-sheep (Ovis c. canadensis Shaw.), skull of. Frontal bones of the skull are missing,
having been eaten by rodents. Presented by F. L. Peterson, Greenwood, B.C. The specimen is
a good illustration of why comparatively few remains of our larger mammals are discovered. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1929. F 25
PUBLICATIONS RECEIVED  FROM OTHER INSTITUTIONS.
American Museum of Natural History, New York  3
Art Historical & Scientific Society, Vancouver   2
Bernice Bishop Museum, Honolulu   2
Biological Society of Washington  1
Boston Society of Natural History   3
Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, England   1
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, Buffalo, N.Y  2
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco   21
California State, Sacramento   1
Cambridge University Library   2
Cardiff Naturalists' Society   1
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa  1
City Art Museum, St. Louis  1
Cleveland Museum of Natural History  1
Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y  1
Detroit Institute of Arts, City of Detroit  1
Dominion Government Publications   35
Entomological Society of London  3
Field Museum of Natural History   14
Grand Rapids Public Library, Michigan   1
Illinois Natural History Survey   4
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, P.R  9
John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111  1
Kansas Academy of Science, Manhattan, Kansas   1
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C  1
Manchester Museum  1
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass  6
National Museum, Melbourne, Australia   2
Nebraska State Museum, Lincoln, Nebraska   2
Newark Museum Association, Newark, N.J  3
New York Botanical Garden   2
New York Zoological Society  13
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station   6
Oxford University Press  4
Peabody Museum of Salem   1
Peabody Museum, Yale University   13
Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, Pa  12
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences  2
Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wis., U.S.A .... 6
Puget Sound Biological Station, Seattle, Wash  3
Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto   1
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto   5
San Diego Natural History Museum, Balboa Park   3
San Diego Society of Natural History   3
Scripps Institution of Oceanography of the University of California   4
Smithsonian Institution, Washington   74
State College of Washington, Pullman, Wash  4
State Plant Board of Mississippi, Mississippi  1
Staten Island Institute of Arts & Sciences   4
U.S. Department of Agriculture  15
University of California, Berkeley, California   31
University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado   1
University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois  6
University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec  3
Carried forward   344 F 26 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Publications received from othee Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward   344
University of Oklahoma   2
University of Washington, Seattle, Wash  17
Wagner Free Institute of Science, Philadelphia   6
Wales National Museum, Cardiff, Wales   2
Wistar Institute Press   1
Zoological Society of Philadelphia  2
Total   374
We are indebted to the following for pamphlets received during the year: Professor Harold
St. John, O. A. Stevens, and also The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia for a complete
set of the available volumes of their Proceedings and Journals.
victoria. B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1930.
1,825 530-35

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