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BC Sessional Papers


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Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
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£3911601 " To His Honour Kobert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The  undersigned   respectfully  submits  herewith  the  Annual  Report  of the
Provincial Museum of Natural History for the year 1925.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., March, 1926.
Provincial Secretary. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., March 1st, 1926.
The Honourable William Sloan,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural
History, to lay before you the Report for the year ended December 31st, 1925,
covering the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
Staff of the Museum  0
Objects     7
Admission  7
Visitors   ■.  7
Activities     7
Anthropology    0
Petroglyphs     9
Palaeontology  10
Botany   10
Marine Zoology   17
Amphibians and Reptiles   21
Coleoptera     24
Accessions   34
Publications received from other Museums   37
The Honourable William Sloan, Minister.
3. L. White, Deputy Minister.
Francis Kermode, Director.
Winifred V. Redfern, Recorder. George A. Hardy, Assistant Biologist.
Reginald W. Park, Attendant. Edward A. Cooke, Attendant. PLATE II.
" 4 i
■'I;:: •■       .   ■' ;
Fig. 1.
North-east shore of Sproat Lake, Vancouver Island.    Photo by courtesy of Geological Survey
of Canada, Ottawa.
Fig. 2.
Eldridge  Point,  Sooke,  near Victoria,  B.C.    Photo  by  courtesy of  Geological  Survey of
Canada, Ottawa.  REPORT of the
By Francis Kermode, Director.
(a.) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(b.)  To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province,
(c.) To obtain information respecting the natural sciences, relating particularly to the
natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. (except New Tear's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on Sunday
afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
During the past year the Department has inaugurated another system of checking, in conjunction with the visitors' register at the front door, in order to ascertain as accurately as
possible the number of visitors to the Museum.
The following figures show the difference between those who registered their names in the
book and those who were checked by the attendants, and it will be noticed that only 33,045
people registered, while the total of the check was 58,149.
Register. Check.
January     2,102 3.100
February  1,210 4,130
March  1,043 1,828
April   1,209 1,968
May   1,905 3,012
June   3,265 4,354
July     7,879 14,844
August  7,620 13,674
September     3,383 5,636
October    1,417 2,195
November     853 1,615
December     1,159 1,913
Totals     33,045 58,149
I am pleased to report that the students of the Normal School continue to use the collections
extensively in their studies and are frequently noticed making drawings of the natural-history
objects. Several classes have been brought from the Victoria College by their instructor in
biology, and many other teachers of the public schools of Victoria and the surrounding district
have visited the Museum with their classes for instruction in the various branches of science.
The anthropological collection, which has been catalogued according to tribes, was greatly
in need of more complete labels as only the catalogue number and field number were on many
of the exhibits. Temporary assistance was employed for several months in order to make it
possible for this to be done. The relabelling has now been completed as far as possible, and
the majority of the exhibits now have typewritten labels with complete data as to tribes, British Columbia. 1925
localities, and the use of the article. Four new exhibition cases were installed and the
rearrangement of the exhibits has added greatly to the appearance of this collection and made
it still more interesting to the students and casual visitors.
A large number of heraldic poles, house-poles, and canoes which for many years were in
storage under a frame building in the rear of the present Museum quarters were removed and
taken to the old Drill Hall on Menzies Street for exhibition. This building has recently been
renovated, the old wooden floors being replaced with cement. This made it possible, with the
permission of the Public Works Department, to put on view all these very valuable Indian
totems, which illustrate with carving the early history and legends of the aboriginal races, and
which originally were erected by the Indians in front of their houses in the old villages.
At one time they stood in most of the Indian villages along the coast-line of British Columbia,
more particularly the northern coast and Queen Charlotte Islands in the vicinity of Masset,
Skidegate, and other villages. The majority of them have now been taken down and are in
many museums of the world, and the remainder are in such a condition that it would be almost
impossible to remove them. The Indian races have now practically given up the making of any
more of these poles, the younger generation: not doing the same artistic work as their forefathers.
In compliance with a request from His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor, Walter C. Nichol,
I was given permission by the Minister of the Department, the Honourable William Sloan, to
have one of these totem-poles erected in the grounds of Government House.
Oasts of a number of historic petroglyphs or Indian pictures on the rocks near Bella Coola,
which were presented to the Museum by the Victoria Memorial Museum, Ottawa, have now
been arranged and are on exhibition on the walls of the entrance hall to the anthropological
rooms, while on the walls of the staircase leading down to the entrance are several very fine
paintings of Indian chiefs.    (For further details of petroglyphs see page 9.)
Only three short field-trips were undertaken during the year—one by the Director, who
visited the Kamloops District to investigate the remains of a mammoth Elephas primigenius
(see Palaeontology, page 10), the others by the Assistant Biologist to Sooke River, V.I., in order
to obtain and study the new fern (Drpopteris oregana) discovered there last year, and to
Duncan, V.L, to gather information in connection with the local Coleoptera, as the Department
is publishing a list of the Oerarnbycidffi of Vancouver Island in this report on page 24.
This left time to work over some of the older material which had needed attention for
some time. Some of it, owing to changes in classification, had to be sent to specialists for verification and for the latest scientific names.
The interest taken by the late Dr. C. F. Newcombe in several branches of the Museum work
has been carried on by his son, Mr. W. A. Newcombe, especially in the conchological section,
and he has donated a large number of shells to complete our collection.
The shells have been rearranged, relabelled, and mounted on grey cardboard, placed in new
exhibition cases, and are very much improved in consequence. Further reference to this will
be found on page 18.
The collections of amphibia and reptiles have also received their share of attention. Some
of these had been in storage, but are now on exhibition. It is to be hoped that further work
will be carried on in this branch to a greater degree during the coming year than heretofore.
The list of amphibians and reptiles will be seen on page 21.
The Herbarium still continues to receive the largest amount of our time, as this is one
of the branches in which many people are deeply interested throughout the Province, and a
detailed account of the work done and material received will be found on page 10.
Special attention has been given to Coleoptera, and several exhibits have been on view
showing the life-history and work of some of the beetles, which elicited a great deal of favourable  comment.
With regard to the publication of a list of British Columbia Lepidoptera, Mr. E. H.
Blackmore has been working on this list for a number of years, and as the manuscript is now
nearly completed it is hoped it will be available for publication during the coming fiscal year.
The Director was called upon several times to give lectures on natural-history subjects.
One was given under the auspices of the Natural History Society of British Columbia on
" Marine Animals " to an appreciative audience. Another popular lecture was delivered in the
Victoria West Public School for the Parent-Teachers' Association and the children of the upper   16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 9
grades of the school. This was illustrated and dealt with a trip along the coast-line of British
Columbia as far north as Atlin, showing the Indian villages and the birds and animals to be
found in these regions.
Mr. G. A. Hardy, Assistant Biologist, also gave several illustrated lectures before the
Natural History Society and other organizations, which were well attended and appreciated.
Those for the Natural History Society were given on " Seashore Life" and " Starfish and Sea-
Several requests for the loan of specimens for educational purposes have been received and
complied with whenever practicable. Where distance precludes a personal visit on the part of
such inquirers, every effort is made to accommodate them, although at present there is no
duplicate collection for the purpose.
The Honourable William Sloan, Provincial Secretary and Minister of the Department, has
taken a great interest in the preservation of Indian petroglyphs or rock carvings, which were
made by the old aborigines of the Coast region of British Columbia.
With this in view the Honourable Minister had an Act passed by the last sesson of the
Legislature which provided for the preservation of historic objects, as it has been found that
from time to time some unscrupulous persons have defaced portions of these most interesting
and historic carvings.   A copy of this Act is embodied in this report.
Casts of a number of these petroglyphs are on exhibition in the Museum, and one of the
latest added to the collection through the courtesy of the Victoria Memorial Museum, Geological
Survey of Canada, per Harlan I. Smith, is from a boulder in the grounds of the hospital at
These petroglyphs date back many years and nobody seems to know the meaning of them
or what some of the carvings represent. They are to be found in a number of localities, namely:
Aldridge Point; Beecher Bay, near Victoria; near the mouth of Nanaimo River; Sproat Lake;
Yellow Rock, near Comox; and along the coast in the vicinity of Bella Coola, Elko Harbour,
Swallop Creek, about 11 miles south of Dean River, and Noosatsum.
In the Interior portions of the Province these Indian pictures were made by painting designs along the sides of old Indian trails and shelving rocks.
Published literature relating to these petroglyphs is as follows:—
" Petroglyphs in British Columbia," by Dr. C, F. Newcombe, Sept., 1907.
" The Petroglyph at Aldridge Point, near Victoria, British Columbia," by Harlan I. Smith.
Reprint from the " American Anthropologist," Vol. 26, No. 4, Oct.-Dec, 1924.
"A Prehistoric Petroglyph on Noeick River, British Columbia," by Harlan I. Smith, published in " Man," Vol. XXV., No. 9, Sept., 1925.
An Act to provide for the Preservation of Historic Objects.
His Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of the Province
of British Columbia, enacts as follows:—
1. This Act may be cited as the " Historic Objects Preservation Act."
2. The Lieutenant-Governor in Council may declare any primitive figure or legend cut in
or painted upon rock, or any group of such figures or legends, or any structure, or any natural
object existing within the Province to be a "historic object" within the meaning and scope of
this Act, and may make provision for the erection and maintenance in the vicinity of such
historic object of a notice referring to this Act, in such form as may be deemed advisable.
3. Where a notice has been erected in the vicinity of any historic object pursuant to this
Act, no person shall, except pursuant to a permit in writing of the Provincial Secretary first
obtained, remove, deface, obliterate, alter, add to, or otherwise interfere with that historic
object, or the notice so erected, nor shall any person cut, or carve, or write, or paint any figure,
legend, or name in or upon any rock or material comprised in or appurtenant to that historic
4. Every person violating any provision of section 3 shall be liable, on summary conviction,
to a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars. C 10
British Columbia.
In the latter part of October the Deputy Minister of Public Works, Mr. P. Philip, presented
the Museum with several portions of the fore-leg bones (humerus and ulna) of a mammoth
(Elephas primigenius).
These had been unearthed while making a cutting along the side of a mountain for a new
road which was being constructed by the Government, under the direction of Mr. George
Chase, along the east side of Chum Creek from Squilax to Chum Lake, in the Shuswap District,
at an elevation of 2,000 feet.
The importance of the find was sufficient to warrant further investigation; accordingly the
Director left for Chase, B.C., early in November, and proceeded to the location without any
delay, as wintry conditions necessitated prompt action in the event of a freeze-up.
The cutting in question is constructed in a gravel-bed overlying volcanic rock and is evidently the old bed of the lake when at a ligher level than now obtains. Above the gravel is a
layer of sand and a thin layer of lime formation, in turn capped with sand and silt.
A trench was dug through the most likely part of the gravel-bed well into the side of the
mountain, but no further remains were found, and it became evident that an extended and
systematic plan of operation would be necessary at a more favorable time of the year in order
to give the matter the attention it deserves.
About the year 1896 the Museum received through the Superintendent of Police, F. S.
Hussey, a large tooth of a mammoth from Shuswap Lake. This was the locality given, and it
may have come from near Chase, which is in the same vicinity.
A number of teeth of a large prehistoric mammoth have been taken in the vicinity of
Victoria from time to time. We have one tooth from James Island, one from Cordova Bay,
another from Mount Tolmie, and also a tusk which, was taken out of a sand-bank at Island View
beach, about 10 miles from Victoria, opposite James Island. We also have several mammoth-
teeth presented to the Museum by Judge Swan, of Port Townsend.
The Museum has received a gift from Mr. S. C. Burton, of Kamloops, comprising a very
fine collection of fossils found in the fossiliferous sandstone of the Tranquille geological formations at the west end of Kamloops Lake. Mr. Burton had been doing a little work on this
formation during the latter part of the year and intends to carry on further investigations
during the coming summer if time permits. These specimens have been sent to Dr. Waleott,
of the Smithsonian Institution, for examination and determination.
It has recently been reported from the vicinity of Kelowna, B.C., that further remains have
been found of a bison about 12 feet under the surface in blue clay. These are probably more
of the vertebrae mentioned in the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum for the year 1922,
which were found at McCullock Station in blue clay at about 10 feet from the surface while
building a dam at an elevation of 4,000 feet.
By G. A. Hardy.
The activities of the past season have resulted very satisfactorily to the interests of this
section. Although last year was considered exceptionally dry, this one has beaten all records,
conditions of drought having been experienced almost uninterruptedly from April to November
in the vicinity of Victoria, while from other sections of the Province reports of drier periods
than usual have been received. This had the effect of shortening the flowering period of many
species, and in some cases shrivelling them completely before maturity.
Throughout the spring and summer a supply of freshly gathered living wild flowers has
been exhibited in the case labelled " Seasonal Exhibit." These have proved to have been much
appreciated not only by casual visitors, but by school-children and other students. This is very
encouraging, as the time and care needed to maintain a high standard of efficiency can only be
realized by those responsible. One hundred and thirty-four species were dealt with in this way,
each of which was renewed many times during the season, or until their natural flowering season  was  over.
As an auxiliary to the exhibit series of local dried plants, it has been of great help to inquirers in enabling many of them to identify their specimens for themselves. For this reason
the number of plants recorded as brought in for identification cannot be properly compared with 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 11
last year, when the above facilities for the public did not exist. Approximately 800 specimens
are noted for this purpose.
Additions to the Herbarium total close on 350 specimens, nearly all of these being rare or
otherwise very acceptable, either as augmenting localities for distribution or increasing the
series where needed.   Altogether forty species are new to the Herbarium.
As in former years, we are especially indebted to Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector
of Indian Orchards, and Mr. G. V. Copley, of the Grazing Commission, for their continued
enthusiasm and industry in collecting and preserving whatever plants of interest they find on
their frequent professional visits to out-of-the-way localities not often visited by botanists, with
the result that the Museum collections have been greatly enriched thereby.
Mr. Copley has always paid particular attention to the grasses and sedges of the Province,
and to him, more than any one, we are greatly indebted for the fine collection of such which
are now in the Herbarium.
Mr. Brinkman, of Craigmyle, Alta., has a small collection of hepatics he is kindly revising.
Mrs. J. P. MacFadden, of New Denver, B.C., has recently presented a most valuable collection of British Columbia Hepaticse, amounting to seventy-one species, all beautifully mounted
and authoritatively named, and also some thirty species of mosses, in the same excellent state
of preservation.   A list of the Hepaticse received is appended after the flowering plants.
A complete list in alphabetical order of donors of specimens during the past season is here
given. To each and all our best thanks and appreciation is tendered, as it is fully realized that
only by the co-operation of every one can an adequate knowledge of our flora be attained: J. R.
Anderson, W. B. Anderson, F. J. Barrow, J. C. Bridgman, Rev. R. Connell, Miss E. Copley, G.
V. Copley, S. Flitcroft, T. Gerdhouse, W. Downes, G. A. Hardy, Colonel Hodgins, Mrs. Johnstone, Miss L. Koyle, S. Matthews, Mrs. J. P. McFadden, W. A. Newcombe, A. Nicholls, Mrs.
Parsons, W. H. A. Preece, Miss W. V. Redfern, Miss K. Ross, A. Tomlinson, and P. deNoe
Walker. We take here, also, the opportunity of thanking the many contributors to the living
flower exhibit, who have thus helped to lighten the work in connection therewith.
The thanks of the Department are tendered to the several specialists mentioned below who
have so cordially and generously given of their expert knowledge in the determination and
verification of material submitted to them on various occasions: Professors C. V. Piper, C. R.
Ball, and A. S. Hitchcock, all of the United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C.
To Professor Piper especially are we under obligation, who has spared no pains to render the
utmost assistance by going through a very large amount of material. We are further indebted
to him for an analytical key to the subspecies of Lathyrus pauciflorus. Professor P. A. Rydberg,
New York Botanical Garden, N.Y.; Professors N. L. Gardner and W. A. Setchell, of the University of California, Berkeley,  Cal.
The classified list which follows contains a selection of accessions which appeared to be of
general interest, and notes are appended under the respective species as occasion demands.
It will be noticed that four species are recorded as new to the Province; these are marked
with a t sign. Names preceded by an asterisk are new to the Herbarium, while localties not
followed by V.I. (Vancouver Island) refer to the Mainland of British Columbia. Initials in
brackets are those of the collector.
Polypodiace.?e (Fern Family).
Aspidium Filix-mas   (L.)   Sw.    Nass  River   (W. B. A.).
Dryopteris oregana C. Chr.    Sooke River, V.I.  (G. A. H.).
Further specimens of this graceful fern were added this year and notes as to its habits
made.    It has a preference for crevices among rocks on the border, and even the bed of streams
which are exposed during the summer months, but are flooded in the winter.   As a result there
is a very strong root system which tightly fills up all available fissures.
Polypodium Scouleri Hook. & Grev.    Beecher Bay, V.I. (Rev. R. Connell).
This is the most southern record of its occurrence on Vancouver Island.
Equisetum sylvaticum L.    Hazelton  (AV. B. A.).
*Equisetum scirpoides Michx.   Bonaparte River (G. V. C). Pinace.« (Pine Family).
ChanuEcypariS nootkatensis (Lamb.)  Spach.    Sooke, V.I. (J. C. B.).
Gramine/E  (Grass Family).
Agropyron violaceum, (Hornem.) Lange.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,400 feet (G. V. C).
Bromus Richardsonii Link.    Necoslie River  (G. V. C).
Festuca brachyphylia Schultes.    Chilcotin, altitude 8,300 feet (G. V. C).
*Festuca saximontana Rydb.    Cariboo Road  (G. Ar. C).
Torresia odorata (L.) Hitchc.    Nass'River (W. B. A.) ; Cariboo (G. V. C).
Orysopsis asperifolia Michx.    South Bonaparte River (G. V. C).
Polypogon monspeliensis  (L.) Desf.    Kamloops  (G. V. p.).
Puccinellia Nuttalliana (Schultes) Hitchc.    Cariboo Road (G. V. C).
*Poa crocata Michx.    Clinton, altitude 4,000 feet (G. V. C).
Cyperace.5! (Sedge Family').
*Carex concinnoides Mackenzie.    Cariboo   (G.  V.  C).
*Carex Douglasii Boott.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. C).
*Carex kevieulmis Meinsch.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,000 feet (G. V. C).
Carex scirpoidea Michx.    Mount Baldy, altitude 7,000 feet (G. V. C).
Seirpus nevadensis S. Wats.    Cariboo Road (G. V. C).
Liliacejs  (Lily Family).
Allium acuminatum Hook.    Victoria (Colonel Hodgins).
Camassia Leichtlinii (S. Wats.).    Mount Douglas, V.I. (Miss K. Ross).
White varieties of the above.
Orchidaceje  (Orchid Family).
Cypripedium pamflorum Salisb.   Adams Lake (G. V. C).
Habenaria dilatata (Pursh.) Gray.    Chilcotin, altitude 6,500 feet (G. V. C).
Habenaria viridiflora (Cham.) Rydb.    Clinton (G. V. G).
Salicace/E   (Willow Family).
*Salix glaucops And.    Paradise Valley (W. B. A.).
*Salix brachycarpa Nutt.    Invermere (W. B. A.).
Loranthace^e (Mistletoe Family).
* Arceutdiobium Douglasii Engelm.    Sechelt, V.I.  (W. B. A.).
Arceuthobium americanum Nutt.    Sooke, V.I.  (T. Parker).
This was found locally abundant on bank of Sooke River, growing on both main stem and
branches of young trees of lodgepole or bull pine (Pinus eontorta), the thinning effect on the
leaves of which was very noticeable in some cases.
Polygonace-5;  (Buckwheat Family).
Eriogonum subalpinum  Greene.   Chilcotin,  altitude 6,500 feet   (G.  V.  C.) ;   Paradise Valley
(W. B. A.).
Polygonum, viviparum.    Clinton (G. V. G).
*Rumex Acetosa L.    Chilcotin, altitude 5,250 feet (G. V. C).
Chenopodiace^  (Goosefoot Family').
Salsola Kali var. tenuifolia G. F. W. Mey.   Lasqueti Island (Miss E. Copley).
Caryophyllace.;e  (Pink Family).
Arenaria serpyllifolia L.    Mount Douglas, V.I.  (G. A. H).
Silene acaulis L.    Clinton (G. V. G).
Silene antirrhina Linn.    Mount Douglas, V.I.  (G. A. H).
Silene gallica L.   Gordon Head, V.I. (Rev. R. Cbnnell). 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 13
*Silene latifolia (Mill.) Brit. & Ren.    Victoria, V.I. (Mrs. Parsons).
An introduced plant occurring in waste places.    A native of Europe and Asia.
Silene Menziesii Hook.    Nicola (G. V. C).
*Stellaria strictiflora Rydb.    Fort Fraser (W. B. A.).
Montia dichotoma (Nutt.) Howell.   A'ietoria, V.I. (G. A. II.).
*Montia spathulata (Dougl.) Howell.   Victoria, V.I. (G. A. H.).
Ranunculace^e  (Crowfoot or Buttercup Family).
Anemone occidentalis Freyn.   Chilcotin, altitude 7,000 feet  (G. V. G).
*Caltha asarifolia DC.    Nass River (W. B. A.).
tDelphinium Brownii Rydb.    Chilcotin, altitude 5,250 feet (G. V. C).
New record for British Columbia; previously reported, as far as can be gathered, from
Saskatchewan, Montana, Alaska.
Ranunculus acris L.    Fort Fraser (W. B. A.),
tRanunculus occidentalis robustus Gray.    Kincolith (W. B. A.).
This large form constitutes the first record for British Columbia.
*Ranunculus limosus Nutt.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,925 feet (G. V. C).
Ranunculus saxioola Rydb.    Clinton (G. V. C).
*Thalictrum venulosum Trel.    Fort Fraser (W. B. A.).
Trollius albiflorus Rydb.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,000 feet (G. V. C).
Berbehidace/E  (Barberry Family).
*Berberis vulgaris L.    Richter Pass (G. V. C).
One lone bush which has been brought in from the south or east, where it has become
naturalized from Europe and Asia.
Papaveracej3  (Poppy Family).
Papaver pygnmum Rydb.    Big Creek (G. V. C).
A single specimen sent in for identification, but retained by Mr. G. V. Copley.
Platystigma oreganum (Nutt.) B. & H.    Mount Douglas, V.I. (W. V. R.).
Crucifer.*;  (Mustard Family).
Arabis aeutina Greene.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. C).
Arabislyrata occidentalis Wats.    Nass River (W. B. A.).
Cakile edentula (Bigel.) Hook.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (W. A. N.).
First record for Q.C.I.
Drabaaurea Vahl.    Cariboo, altitude 5,500 feet (G. V. C).
*Drabafladnis:ensis Wulf.   Clinton, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. G).
Draba oligosperma Hook.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. C).
Lepidium campestre L.    Millstream, V.I. (G. V. C).
Platyspermum scapigerum Hook.    Mount Douglas, V.I. (W. V. R.).
A rare species, one of the " dry belt " plants, only recorded twice before, from Mount Finlay-
son, V.I., and Observatory Hill, V.I: Manuscript note, late Dr. C. F. Newcombe, " Flora of
Vancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands."
Saxifragace;e (Saxifrage Family).
Hemieva ranunculifolia Raf.    Katz Landing (W. B. A.).
Heuchera cylindrica Dougl.    Victoria, V.T.  (Rev. R. Connell).
Mitella oralis Greene.    Goldstream, V.I.  (A. Nicholls).
Saxifraga Bongardi (Presl.) Pursh.    Nass River (W. B. A.).
*Saxifraga cernua L.    Clinton, altitude 7,000 feet (G. V. C).
Saxifraga Mertensiana Bong.   Leech River, V.I.  (Rev. R. Connell).
*Saxifraga odontoloxia Piper.    Chilcotin, altitude 6,900 feet (G. Y. C).
Saxifraga oppositifolia L.    Clinton  (G. Y. C).
*Saxifraga rivularis L.    Clinton  (G. V. C).
Saxifraga tricuspidata Retz.    Nass River (W. B. A.). Rosacea (Rose Family).
Dryas Drummondi Richards.    Clinton, altitude 6,000 feet (G. V. C.)._
Dryas octopatala L.    Clinton, altitude 6,600 feet (G. V. C).
Geum rivale L.    Smithers  (W. B. A.).
Potentilla glaucophylla Lehm.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. C).
Potentilla tridentata Aig.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,800 feet (G. V. 0.).
Potentilla villosa Pall.   Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. C).
Rosa Sayi S. Wats.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. C).
Rubus acaulis Michx.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. C).
Rubus pedatus Smith.    Jordan River, V.I. (Rev. R. Connell).
Leguminos.e  (Pea Family).
Astragalus alpinus L.   Hazelton (W. B. A.).
Astragalus canadensis L.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,200 feet (G. V. C).
Astragalus hypoglottis L.    Chilcotin  (G. V. C).
Astragalus multiflorus Gray.    Nicola (G. V. C).
Astragalus stenophyllus T. & G.    Nicola (G. V. G).
Hedysarum Mackenzii Richards.    Cariboo (G. V. C).
Hosackia denticulata Drew.    Trial Island (G. A. H.).
Lathyrus ochroleucus Hook.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. G).
Lathyrus pauciflorus Fernald,   Nass River (W. B. A.).
Lotus corniculatus L.    Victoria, V.I.   (G. V. C).
A native of Europe, well established locally near cultivation.
Lupinus laxiflorus Dougl.    Victoria, V.I. (Rev. R. Connell).
Lupinus littoralis Dougl.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (W. A. N.).
Lupinus Lyallii Gray.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. C).
Oxytropis deflexa DC.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,200 feet (G. V. C).
Oxytropis gracilis A. Nels.    Lytton (W. B. A.) ; Cariboo (G. V. C).
Geraniace^e (Geranium Family).
Geranium erianthum DC.    Hazelton (W. B. A.) ;   Lac la Hache (J. R. A.).
Geranium Richardsonii F. & T.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (W. A. N.).
Rhamnace.'b   (Buckthorn Family).
Ceanothus sanguineus PurslL    Sooke River, V.I. (J. C. B.).
Malvace^:   (Mallow Family').
Sidalcea Hendersonii Wats.    Trial Island (W. V. R.).
Onagrace^: (Evening-primrose Family).
Godetia caurina Abrams.   Mount Douglas, V.I. (G. A. H.).
*Taraxia breviflora Nutt.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,500 feet (G. V. C).
Haloragidace.e (Water-milfoil Family).
Hippuris vulgaris L.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (W. A. N.).
First record for Q.C.I.
Umbellifer^e (Parsley Family).
Carum Carvi L.    Chilcotin (G. V. C).
Leptotwnia dissecta Nutt.    Victoria, V.I. (G. A. H.).
Sanicula marilandica Linn.    Nass River (W. B. A.).
ERicACEiE   (Heath Family).
"Phyllodoce hybrida Rydb.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. G).
Pyrola chlorantha Swartz.    Clinton, altitude 4,000 feet (G. V. C). 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 15 (Primrose Family).
Dodecatheon Cusickii Greene.   Adams Lake (W. B. A.).
Lysimachia thyrsiflora L.    Jordan River (Rev. R. Connell).
Chondrophylla americana (Engelm.)  A. Nels,    Chilcotin, altitude 5,075 feet  (G. Y. C).
Gentiana Douglasiana Bong.    Prince Rupert (W. B. A.).
HydhophyllacejE  (Waterleaf Family).
Phacelia ciliosa Rydb.   Cariboo (G. V. C).
Phacelia linearis (Pursh.) Holzinger.   Mount Douglas, V.I. (G. A. H.).
*Phacelia serieea Gray.   Chilcotin, altitude 6,000 feet (G. V. C).
Boraginace^e  (Borage Family).
Mertensia oblongifoliw Don.   Adams Lake (W. B. A.).
Myosotis alpestris Schmidt.    Clinton, altitude 7,000 feet (G. V. G).
Plagiobothrys tenellus Gray.    Mount Douglas, V.I. (G. A-. H.).
Another of the " dry belt " plants, characteristic of the Californian association.
Labiat.e (Mint Family).
Dracocephalum parviflorum Nutt.    Nicola, altitude 4,000 feet (G. V. G).
Physostegia parviflora Nutt. "Kamloops (G. V. C).
Solanace-*:   (Potato Family).
*Solanumtriflorum Nutt.   Fort Steele (W. B. A.).
\Solanumrostratum Dunal.    East Kootenay  (A. Tomlinson).
New record for British Columbia; a native of the South-western Provinces, adventive in the
East; possibly introduced with fodder or other agricultural produce.
Castilleja oreopola Greenman.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,000 feet (G. Y. C).
"Castilleja lancifolia Rydb.   Chilcotin, altitude 4,300 feet (G. V. C).
Mimulus alpinus (Gray) Piper.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,200 feet (G. V. C).
Orthocarpus attenuatus Gray.    Esquimalt, V.I. (G. A. H.).
*Pcdicularis scopulorum A. Gray.   Chilcotin, altitude 7,000 feet (G. Y. C).
Veronica Tournefortii C. C. Gmel.   Clinton (G. V. C).
Lentibulariace.'e  (Bladderwort Family').
Utricularia vulgaris L.    Millstream, V.I.  (G. A. H.).
Plantaginace.s;  (Plantain Family).
Plantago lanceolata L.    Victoria, V.I. (J. C. B.).
Abnormal  form.
RuBiACEiE   (Madder Family).
■\Asperula odorata L.    Victoria, V.I.  (S. Flitcroft).
This is the first record for British Columbia of this sweet-scented little flower.   It is a
native of Europe and Russian Asia, introduced in Eastern North America.
Valerianace^s (Valerian Family).
*Valeriana occidentalis Heller.   Cariboo (G. V. C).
Cucurbitace^; (Gourd Family).
Echinocytis oregana (Torr & Gray) Cogn.   Sidney, V.I. (H. M. Wootton). C 16
British Columbia.
Specularia perfoliata (L.) A.DC.    Mount Tolmie, V.I. (G. A. II.).
This is the second record of it being found in a wild state on Vancouver Island.
Lobelia Dortmanna L.    Saltspring Island (P. deN. W.).
Composite (Composite Family").
*Agoseris gracilens (A. Gray) Kuntze.    Chilcotin, altitude 5,900 feet (G. Y. C).
Artemisia biennis Willd.    Cariboo (G. Y. C).
* Artemisia norvegica saxatilis Besser.    Chilcotin, altitude 5,900 feet (G. V. C).
*Artemisia dracunculus typica L.    Fort Steele (W. B. A.).
Artemisia gnaphaloides Nutt.    Cranbrook (W. B. A.).
"Briekeuia oblongifolia Nutt.    Hedley (G. V. G).
Chrysothamus nauseosus.    Osooyos (G. Y. C).
*Crepis nana Rich.    Chilcotin, altitude 8,000 feet  (G. Y. G).
Erigeron compositus Pursh.    Chilcotin, altitude 7,600 feet (G. V. C).
Erigeron glabellus Nutt.    Prince Rupert (W. B. A.).
*Erigeron lanatus Hook.    Paradise Valley (W. B. A.).
Erigeron lonchophyllus Hook.    Clinton  (G. V. C).
Erigeron salsuginosus Gray.    Mount Baldy, altitude 7,000 feet (G. V. C).
Erigeron salsuginosus angustifolius Gray.    Nootka, V.I.  (T. Gerdhouse).
*Sassurea densa (Hook.) Rydb.    Paradise Valley (W. B. A.).
Senecio cymbalaroides Nutt.    Cariboo (G. V. ti.).
*Seneeio Farria; Greemn.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,000 feet (G.V.C.).
*Senecio Burkei Greenm.    Chilcotin, altitude 4,000 feet (G. V. G).
Tanacetum huronense Nutt.    Graham Island, Q.C.I. (W. A. N.).
Marine Alg^e.
A number of exquisitely mounted specimens of " seaweeds " were given to the Museum by
Mr. J. C. Edwards, of Sooke, V.I. These have been identified by Professor N. L. Gardner,
University of California, Berkeley, Cal., and include the following:—
Microcladia borealis Rupr.   AVhiffen Spit Beach, V.I.
Microcladia califomica Farlow.    AVhiffen Spit Beach, V.I.
Farloicia mollis (J. Ag.) Setchell.    Whiffen Spit Beach, V.I.
Plocamium coccineunn (Hudson) Lyngbye.    Whiffen Spit Beach, V.I.
Laurcncia spectabilis Post & Rupr.    AVhiffen Spit Beach, AM.
Odonthalia Kamtschatlm (Rupr.) J. Ag.    Whiffen Spit Beach, V.I.
Hepatice of the Selkirk and Rocky Mountains of Canada.
(Collected by Mrs. J. P. MacFadden.    Identified by Dr. Conklin, Superior, Wis., U.S.A.)
Anthelia Juratzkana   (Limpr.)     Trevis.
Anthelia julacea   (L.)   Dumort.
Astrella Lindenbergiana (Croda.)  Lindb.
Astrella Ludwigii (Schangr.) Underwood.
Blasia pusilla L.
Blepharostoma triehophyllwm (L.) Dumort.
Calypogeia Neesiana (Massal & Carrest.) K.
Gephalozia  media  Lindb.
Gephalozia pleniceps  (Aust.)  Lindb.
Cephaloziella bifida  (Schreb.)   Schiffn.
Chiloscyphus pallescens (Ehrh.) Dumort.
Coneephalum conicum (L.) Dumort.
Diplophyllum gymnastomophilum (Kaal).
Diplophyllum taxifolium (Wahl.) Dumort.
Diplophyllum   apioulata.
Gymnomitrium coneinnatum (Litghtf.) Corda.
Gymnomitrium obtusum (Lindb.)  Peors.
Gymnomitrium variens (Lindb.) Schiffn.
Jungermannia atrovirens Dumort.
Jungermannia  condifolia  Hook.
■Jungermannia lanceolata L.
■Jungermannia riparia Tayl.
Lepidozia reptans  (L.)   Dumort.
Lophocolea cuspidata (Nees) Lernpr.
Lophocolea minor  (Nees).
Lophozia alpestris (Schleich.) Evans.
Lophozia barbata (Schreb.) Dumort.
Lophozia confertifolia  Schiffn.
Lophozia Floerkei  (AVeb. & Mohr.)   Schiffn. 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 17
Lophozia Hatcheri   (Evans). Porella  Roellii  Steph.
Lophozia heterocolpa (Thed.) M. A. Howe. Ptilidium cilare  (L.)  Nees.
Lophozia Hornschuchiana (Nees) Schiffn. Ptilidium pulcherrimum (Web.) Hampe.
Lophozia incisa   (Schrad.)     Dumort. Ptilidium ealifornicum (AuSt.) Underw. &
Lophozia guttulata (Lindb. & Arnell.)  Evans. Cook.
Lophozia Kunzeana (Huben.) Evans. Preissia quadrata  (Scop.)   Nees.
Lophozia Longidens (Lindb.) Macoun. Riecardia pinguis (L.)  S. F. Gray.
Lophozia long-{flora, (Nees) Schiffn. Riecardia multiflda (L.) Dumort.
Lophozia lycopodioides (AVallr.) Cogn. Radula obconica  (Sulliv.).
Lophozia porphyroleuca (Nees) Schiffn. Scapania citrta  (Mart.)  Dumort.
Lophozia quadriloba (Lindb.) Evans. Seapania curta var. geniculata (Massalong.)
Lophozia quinquedentata   (Huds.)   Cogn. K.   Mull.
Lophoz{a ventricosa (Dicks.) Dumort. Scaparlia nemorosa  (L.)  Dumort.
Marchantia polymorpha L. Scapania Umbrosa (Schrad.) Dumort.
Marsupella emarginata (Ehrh.) Dumort. Scapania subalpina (Nees) Dumort.
Marsupella sparsifolia. (Lindb.)  Dumort. Scapania undulata (L.) Dumort.
Nardia Geoscyphus   (DeNot.)   Lindb. Sauteria alpina (Nees & Birch.) Nees.
Nardia  hyalma   (Lyell)   Carringt. Sphenolobus mmutus (Crantz)  Steph.
Pallavicinia Flototclana (Nees) Lindb. Sphenolobus minutus var. cuspulatus Kaal.
Plagiochila asplenioides  (L.)  Dumort. Sphenolobus exsectwformis (Breidl.) Steph.
Pleuroclada albescens (Hook.) Spruce. Sphenolobus politus (Nees)  Steph.
Porella cordaeana (Huben.)  Dumort. Geocalyx graveolens (Schrad.) Dumort.
Plants which are supplementary additions to the Provincial Museum Preliminary Check-list,
" The Flora of A^ancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands," 1921 (introduced plants being printed
in italics in conformity with the printing of the Check-list) :—
Asperula odorata L.    Victoria, Ar.L, April 13th, 1925.    S. Flitcroft.
By G. A. Hardy.
The exhibit of living marine animals commenced last year has been maintained throughout
the year, with success. Perhaps there has not been the same variety as hithertofore, as to
keep the aquaria presentable requires a considerable expenditure of time and detail work;
hence a smaller number of the more hardy kind is all that has been attempted, a procedure
quite justified by the results, for the tank now in use has attained perfect " balance " of its
occupants, the best proof of which is the length of time the water can be left before changing
without detriment to the occupants. Five months have elapsed since such a change has taken
place, only fresh w^ater being added to replace evaporation; the water is crystal-clear and its
denizens perfectly healthy.
For aerating purposes we have had most successful results by using Vaucheria which was
kindly sent from Essex, England, by Mr. F. J. Lambert early last season. It grows remarkably
fast and maintains its freshness continually; small pieces require to be periodically taken out
in order to prevent it from completely filling the tank.
One of the hardiest fish so far tried is the clingfish (Caularchus meandricus), which has
lived up to the present, since last July, a period of over six months; the crested blennie
(Anoplarchus atropurpuratus) has lived for one year and is quite an attractive little fish.
For some time several of the beautiful colour forms of the chameleon-fish (Pholis ornatus)
were on exhibition; one of these is bright Ulva green; another, vivid red; while a third is a
brown-ochre. As the three phases were in the tank at the same time, they gave a very pleasing
effect to the tout ensemble. All the species mentioned in the last report were from time to
time on view and were taken at low tide off Dallas Road.
Success also has been met with in the management of anemones, Crustacea of various
species, and starfishes of the smaller sizes.
The general conclusion arrived at, after two years' experience wjith marine aquaria in the
Museum, is that it is a distinct improvement and well worth the trouble involved. Above all,
the actual living animal can be seen and studied as an agreeable adjunct to the preserved
material without any inconvenience, and possibly added pleasure to the casual visitor and
students alike.
2 C 18
British Columbia.
No active field-work has been undertaken by the Department during the year, apart from
attending to the aquarium, so that the list of accessions listed below does not compare
favourably with last year. On the other hand, donations have continued to come in from
inquirers and others interested. The outstanding feature in marine accessions is the donation
of a duplicate series of bivalve mollusca by Mr. W. A. Newcombe, originally collected by the
late Dr. C. F. Newcombe. All these have been named by Dr. Dall and are now being mounted
for inclusion in the general collection.    (See next page.)
Mr. F. J. Lambert, of Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England, has continued his interest in the marine
section, and has sent some interesting stages of the " Jelly-fish " group, mentioned later, as well
as much valuable information respecting the general management of marine aquaria, on which
he is an authority.
(For Fish see Ichthyology in general Accessions, page 35.)
Sponge sp. Ucluelet (Reverend C. J. Young). A deep-water species washed up on the
shore.    In good state of preservation and attached to a shell.
Early stages of Jelly-fish (Aurelia), the Scyphistoma and Ephyra. Well-preserved specimens of a most difficult phase to obtain.    Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England (F. J. Lambert).
"Stick-fish." Prince Rupert (Reverend J. F. Dimmick). This Stick-fish is closely related
to the " Sea-pens." The specimen brought in is really the core of a colony of small anemone-like
Hydroid (Aglaophenia struthionides).    Ucluelet (Margaret Burde).
Turtle-crab (CryptoUthodes typ{cus).    Dallas Road, Victoria (B. Smith).
Gribble (Lwinoiia lignorum). With wood showing its ravages. Dallas Road, Victoria
(G. A. Hardy).
Whale-louse (Paracyamus boopii). From a Hump-backed Whale (Megaptera versalitis).
Cachelot, West Coast, V.I. (I. E. Cornwall).
Fresh-water Crayfish (A.stacus trowbridgii). One of the two species presumed to occur in
British Columbia. Specimens of this Crayfish sent some time ago to Dr. A. G. Huntsman for
identification were assigned to this species provisionally.
Large Barnacle (Balanus nubilis). .Orcas Island (Mrs. G. Edmunds).
Large Branched Sea-slug (Dendronotus giganteus O'Don.). Willows Beach, Victoria,
January 18th (L. Stark).
Hooded Sea-slug (MeUbe leonina GId.). A delicate, translucent floating form. Cordova
Bay, August 21st (V. L. Denton).
Red-tipped Sea-slug  (Triopla aurantiaca Coch.).   Sidney, April 24th   (W. H. A. Preece).
Rock-boring Shell (Pholadidea penita). Jordan River, October (H. G. White). Perfect
shells in holes of sandstone pebble.
Squids (Gonatus fabricii). Cachelot, AVest Coast, AM., July (I. E. Cornwall). Taken from
stomach of " Sie " Whale (Balwnoptera horealis Lesson). Squids are an important article of
diet with certain whales.
(Arranged according to Dall's List, 1921.)
During the year 1924 the late Dr. C. F. Newcombe undertook, with the co-operation of the
Museum, to have all his magnificent collection of Marine Shells rechecked and brought up to
date with the recent nomenclature. 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 19
For the naming and revising, Dr. Bartsch, of the United States National Museum, was
approached and Willingly and most generously consented to undertake this work. Dr. Bartsch
referred this to Dr. Dall, one of the foremost authorities on the subject in the world, and the
value of his determinations cannot be overestimated or adequately expressed. We can only
record here our lasting debt of gratitude for the service he has been so good as to render to
the late Dr. Newcombe and the Museum.
This work was barely started when Dr. Newcombe passed away, leaving it in abeyance
for a time. His son, Mr. W. A. Newcombe, then kindly consented to the work being carried on
as originally planned. As a result, the whole collection has now been brought up to date.
Specimens in the Museum have been compared with those in the Newcombe collection, and in
most cases duplicates of those identified by Dr. Dall have been donated, a gift of inestimable
value, as there is now available indisputably authentic material for reference to any one interested.
With this material in our hands it has been deemed advisable to publish herewith a list of
all the species submitted to the latter, and also to add others which were not included as being
either well-known common species or identified by other authorities, such as Mrs. Oldroyd, who
named a large number of the smaller Gastropods for Dr. Newcombe, to be listed later.
Dr. Newcombe's thoroughness and assiduity in the collecting of trhe Marine Mollusca of
Vancouver Island and Queen Charlotte Islands has resulted in a very near complete list of
such as are to be found in our waters, and we hope will prove of use to local collectors. For
description and distribution reference should be made to Mrs. Oldroyd's " Marine Shells of
Puget Sound & Aricinity," published 1924, while for systematic arrangement and distribution
the work of AV. H. Dall (1921), "Marine Shell-bearing Mollusca of North West Coast of
America," should be consulted. The arrangement adopted in the Museum collection follows that
of the latter work.
Changes in synonymy have been rather involved, giving no small amount of work to assign
the more recent nomenclature. It is proposed to include some of the older names along with
the new on the labels under the specimens, in order, we hope, to facilitate their identification.
Mention should be made, in passing, to the excellent annotated list of " Marine Mollusca of
Pacific Coast," by the late Rev. G. W. Taylor, published in 1895, giving interesting facts of
local occurrences and distribution; and also to a list by Dr. Newcombe in 1893 and the Museum
Report of 1898.
The majority of the Molluscan collection was originally donated by Dr. C. F. Newcombe;
to these have now been added many specimens generously presented by Mr. W. A. Newcombe,
who has succeeded to his father's collection. Nearly all of these have been revised by Dr.
Bartsch and Dr. Dall.
A complete list of the Bivalve marine shells in the Museum and the late Dr. O. F. Newcombe's collection follows. Those marked with an asterisk are in the Newcombe collection
only, and are not represented in the Museum at present.
For the sake of convenience the Braehiopods or Lampshells are included.
Family Solemyachle.
*Acharax johnsoni Dall.
Family Nuculid^e.
Nucula tenuis Montague. Acila castrens{s Hinds.
Family Ledid^s.
Leda celluUta Dall. Yoldia myalis Couthouy.
Leda acuta Conrad. Yoldia limatula Say.    (amygdala Hanlay.).
Leda minuta Fab. Yoldia scissurata Dall.    (lanceolata).
Leda fossa Baird. Yoldia semimida Dall.
Yoldia thraciaeformis Storer. Yoldia emifera Dall.
Family Arcid^;.
Glycymeris (Axinea) septentrionalis subobsoleta Carp. C 20
British Columbia.                                                  1925
Philobrya (Bryophila) setosa Carp.
Family Philobryhwe.
Family Ostreid.;e.
Ostrea lurida  Carp.
Chlamys (Pecten) hericius Gould.
Chlamys (Pecten) hindsii Carp.
Chlamys caurinus Gould.
Family Anomiid.e.
Monia (Placuanomia) macroschisma
Family Mytilid.®.
Mytilus californianus Conrad.                                 Musculus (Modiolaria) niger obesus Dall.
Mytilus echilis Linn.                                                  Musculus (Modiolaria) taylori Dall.
Modiolus modiolus Linn.                                           Musculus (Modiolaria) verrucosus Midden-
Modiolus flabellatus Gould.                                             dorf'f.  (Jwvigatus).
Adula californlensis Philippi (stylina Cpn.).       Crenella decussata Montagu.
Musculus (Modiolaria) ni,ger Gray.                       Crenella Columbiana Dall.
*Thrac{a curta Conrad.
Family Thraciid.s:.
Family Pandorid.e.
KennerHa grandis Dall.
Kennerlia glacialis Leach.
Kennerlia filosa Carp.
Heteroclidus (Clidopliora) punetatus Conrad.
Family Lyonsiid.e.
Lyonsia calif ornica Conrad.
Lyonsia pugetensis Dall.
Entodesma saxicola Baird.
Mytilimeria nuttallii Conrad.
Family CusPiDARiiDiE.
Cuspidaria peetinata Carp.
Cuspidaria beringensis Leche.
Astarte alaskensis Dall  (undata).
Astarte esquimalti Baird.
Family Carditid.e.
Cardita (Lazaria) subquadrata Carp.                   Venericardiaventricosa Gould (boreaHs).
*Venericardia alaskana Dall.                                   Miodontiscus (Miodon) prolongatus Carp.
Family Thyasirule.
Thyasira gouldii Philippi.
Axinopsis sericatus Carp.
Diplodonta orbella Gould.
Family Diplodontid.e.
Family Lucinid^;.
Lucinoma (Lucina) annulata Reeve
Parvilucina (Lucina) tenuisculpta Carp.
Kellia laperousii Deshayes.
*Kellia var. chironii Carp.
Kellia suborMcularis Montagu.
Rochefortia tumida Carp.
Pseudopythina rugifera Carp.   (Lcpton rude).
Lasma rubra Montagu.
Family Cardiid.e.
Cerastoderma corMs Martyn.                                Protocardia centifilosa Carp.   (Cardium
Cerastoderma (Cardium) californiense                        centifilosum).
Deshayes (blandum).                                        Serripes gronlandicus Gmelin.
Cerastoderma (Cardium) fucanum Dall. 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 21
Family A'enerid.e.
Saxidomus giganteus Deshayes. Protothaca (Tapes) staminea Conrad.
Marcia (Venus) kennerlyi (Carpenter) Reeve. Gemma gemma Totten.
Marcia (Cementia) subdiaphana Carp. Psephidia lordi Baird.
Protothaca (Paphia or Tapes) tenerrima Carp.
Family Pethicolid/E.
Petricola carditoides Conrad.
Family Cooperellid^e.
Cooperella (CEdalina) subdiaphana Carp.
Family Tellinid.^e.
Moerella salmonea Carp. Macoma inquinata Deshayes.
Angulus carpenteri Dall.   (Tellina variegata).   Macomabalthica Linn,   (inconspicua).
Oudardia (Tellina) buttoni Dall. Macoma balthica var. inconpicua Baird & Sby.
Peronidia (Tellina) bodegensis Hinds. Macomainflatula Dall.
Macoma incongrua Martens. Macoma quadrana Dall.
Macoma brota Dall.   (Tellina edentula). Macoma carlottensis AVhiteaves.
Macoma calcarea Gmelin  (salulosa). Macoma yoldiformis Carp.
*Macoma moesta Deshayes. Macoma seeta Conrad.
Macoma nasuta Conrad.
Family Semelid.e.
Semele rubropicta Dall. Cumingia lamellosa Sowerby (californica).
Family Psammobiid^;.
Gobrmus californious Conrad.    (Psammobia rubroradiata).
Family Solenid.s:.
Solen sicarius Gould. Siliqua (Machaera) patula nuttallii Conrad.
Family Mactrid^:.
Mactrotoma dolabriformis Conrad. Symmorphomactra (Mactra) planulata Conrad.
Hemimactra hemphilli Dall. Schizothaerus (Tresus) nuttallii Conrad.
Hemimactra (Standella) falcata Gould.
Family Myacid.e.
Mya truncata Linn. Cryptomya californiea Conrad.
Mya arenaria Linn.
Family Saxicavbms.
Panope (Glycimeris) generosa Gould. Saxicava arctica Linn.
Panomya ampla Dall. (Saxicava Norvegica).     Saxicava pholadis Linn.
Family Pholadid^e.
Zirfaea gdbbi Tryon (crispata). Netta stomeila (Pholadidea) rostrata
Pholadidea penita Conrad. Valenciennes.
Pholadidea ovoidea Gould.
By G. A. Hardy.
A^ery little appears to be known regarding the distribution in British Columbia of these
interesting animals. Possibly the reclusive or nocturnal habits of many of them mitigate
against acquaintance by the ordinary observer, while the interested student must work hard
if he would find them.
It is thought the following summary of the British Columbia species, as far as can be conveniently gathered, will stimulate interest and lead to increased knowledge of their habits and
economy. C 22
British Columbia.
The majority lay their eggs in the water of ponds, etc.; these develop into " tadpoles,"
which gradually assume the adult form and then usually leave the water until the breeding
There are, however, interesting exceptions in the Salamanders Plethodon intermedins
(Western Red-backed Salamander) and Aneides ferreus (Rusty Salamander), which are terrestrial throughout life. The young of these pass the larval or tadpole stage within the egg;
the latter being deposited in cavities in rotten wood, etc., and are watched over by the parent
until hatched.
Specimens marked with an asterisk are represented in the Museum collection. Of the
species listed here it is instructive to note that without exception all of them inhabit the Pacific
Coast or bodering regions, and do not extend across the continent.
In the Pre. Cat. Prov. Mus., 1898, is a list of seven species of Batrachians in the Province;
the present one enumerates twelve.   The nomenclature and arrangement here followed is taken
from " A Synopsis of the Amphibia of California," T. L. Storer, 1925, an invaluable work to
the student of the Amphibia of this region.
"Triturus torosus (Rathke)   (Pacific Coast Newt).
This is the most widely distributed species of salamander on the Pacific Coast, ranging from"
Alaska to California.
It is a true amphibian, spending the early part of the year in the water and the latter part
oh land, where it may be found at considerable distances from the former, under logs, bark, etc.
At this period its skin is very rough and thick, which tends to retard dessication. The breeding
stage of its life is spent in the water, where the skin becomes smoother, and in the males undergoes further changes, such as the development of " fins " on the tail. The males continue in the
water for a greater length of time than the females. Protective poisonous glands are situated
all over the dorsal surface.
Common on Vancouver Island.
Anibystoma macrodactylum Baird  (Long-toed Salamander; Flat-footed Salamander).
Recorded from Moose River, B.C. (Canadian Alpine Jour., 1912), where it was caught in a
mouse-trap set near the water. A'ery little appears to be known about this species, which ranges
from British Columbia to California; it closely resembles the following species, differing more
noticeably by the absence of the large parotoid glands on the sides of the head and by the
presence of a light dorsal stripe of a greenish-yellow' colour.
In speaking of the species at Croten Lake, Oregon, Storer quotes Evermann to the effect
that many specimens were found in August under rocks at the edge of the lake, and that the
majority were adults, only a few retaining external gills.
No records for Vancouver Island.
*Ambystoma paroticum Baird (British Columbia Salamander;   Arancouver's Salamander).
This species closely resembles the former, but in addition to characters already stated
averages larger.    It ranges from British Columbia to California.
On Vancouver Island it is recorded from Victoria and Nanaimo, from which localities
specimens are preserved in the Museum collection.
The type locality of this species is Chilliwack Lake, B.C., 1868.
Dicamptodon ensatus (Esch.)   (Marbled Salamander).
The largest of our salamanders. From 4% to ll^ inches long. Recorded by Storer from
Distribution : British Columbia to California.
*Plethodon intermedins Baird (Western Red-backed Salamander).
This handsome little salamander is to be met with occasionally under bark and dead wood,
in damp places. Very little is known of the habits of the species, but, judging from those of
closely allied forms, it is strictly terrestrial. The eggs of Ensatina eschscholtzii in California
have been found under a decayed log or in the deserted burrows of rodents, attended by the
parent, who lay beside them with the tail looped round protectingly.
Protective poisonous glands exist in the skin of the tail.
Its range extends from British Columbia to Oregon. On Vancouver Island it is represented
in the Museum collection by specimens from Sooke, Port Renfrew, Goldstream, and Brentwood,
all taken under bark or clods in damp places. 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 23
*Ensatina eschscholtzii Gray (Oregon Salamander).
One specimen from Vancouver Island in the Museum collection, identified by Dr. L.
Stejneger. There are also specimens from Agassiz agreeing with the description of this species
except if? colour, which is not uniform dark red, but (in alcohol) blackish with an irregular
blotchy hand of light grey, the under-side dusky with numerous white dots. The most northern
record in Storer's work is Discovery Harbour, Puget Sound. He states that this is the widest
ranging species of Plethodont Salamander.
*Aneides ferrous Cope (Rusty Salamander). .  '
This slaty-coloured species is one of our most interesting salamanders. It is very closely
allied to A. lugubris of California, about, which more is known of habits. The latter is much
addicted to climbing up trees, where they have been found in the decayed portion, protecting
their eggs, which are suspended from' the roof of a small cavity. Mr. Preece, of Sidney, found
a specimen of ferreus 20 feet up a decayed arbutus in July, which suggests very similar habits
to lugubris. The "larval" stage is passed within the egg; the young appear similar to adults
in all but size. It is not, however, confined to trees, but has been found under stones half-way
up Mount Finlayson and under bark of fallen trees. It is entirely terrestrial and has several
structural modifications, such as the expansion of tips of toes as an aid to climbing, and a
greater muscular development of the tail, which is more or less prehensile. Respiration is
effected entirely through the skin, as they possess neither gills nor lungs.
Recorded from Mayne" Island (Storer). Specimens in the Museum from Mount Douglas,
Sidney, Mount Finlayson, and Sooke, Vancouver Island.
Storer states that all recorded species are from within 50 miles of the Coast.
Distribution: British Columbia to California ; published records very few.
*Scaphiopus hammondii Baird. (Western Spadefoot Toad).
This large toad is highly specialized to withstand dessication in an arid climate. One of
the modifications is the habit of " digging-in " during the dry season. This is facilitated by the
possession of horny cutting " spades" on the inner side of the hind feet. Spawning season
very short.
Specimens represented in the Museum from Penticton, British Columbia.
Distribution: British Columbia to California.
*Bufo boreas boreas Baird & Girard (North-western Toad).
This genial little fellow is frequently met in our rambles, squatting motionless on a log or
ensconced under a stone, near water.
Common on Vancouver Island.
Specimens in Museum collection from Goldstream, AM., and Okanagan, B.C.
Distribution: Alaska to California.
Hyla regilla Baird & Girard (Pacific Tree-frog).
This beautiful frog is the one most frequently met with. It has a greater predeliction for
the ground than its Eastern and European relatives. It often takes up its station in a greenhouse, where it seems to thrive on the flies, etc., found there. The loud croaking, out of all proportion to its size, is uttered by the male during the breeding season, the volume of sound
being produced by the expansive sac under the chin. There is also a single note used throughout
the year. Its power of adapting its colour from varying shades of green to mottled browns,
according to its environment, is one of its most notable characteristics.
Specimens from Alctoria, AM., in the Museum collection.
Distribution: British Columbia to California.
Rana aurora aurora Baird & Girard (Oregon Red-legged Frog).
The hind legs are proportionately longer than those of the following species, and the spotting on top of the head is absent.   Under-side, red.
Recorded from Hatzic, B.C.    (Storer).
Distribution: British Columbia to California.
*Rana pretiosa pretiosa Baird & Girard (Western Spotted Frog).
Head spotted. A frog of the moister places, in the Interior it is represented by
R. p. luteiventris, a phase with fainter spotting on the head. This is the common frog of our
ponds and lake margins. The under-side is salmon-coloured. It is described as being somewhat
stupid and easily caught, as when surprised in the water it dives to the bottom head first into
the mud, leaving the legs plainly in view. C 24
British Columbia.
Specimens in Museum collection from Penticton, Okanagan, and Hanceville, British Columbia.
Distribution: Alaska to California.
Rana cantabrigensis latiremis.
Recorded from Meadow Lake, 20 miles north of Clinton, B.C., by Clyde L. Patch in
" Copeia," Oct. 20th, 1922, No. 111.
(Preliminary Annotated List.)
By G. A. Hardy.
The present article was suggested by the lack of any readily referable information concerning the Coleoptera of this district, and is put forward in the hope that it will be of interest
to beginners and others.
The beetles belonging to the large family Cerambycidse, or Longhorns, have been selected
as having, perhaps, the widest appeal, and are most commonly met with either by the casual
observer or general student during the spring and summer months.
With the mild, equable temperature that Vancouver Island enjoys, and its resultant response
in a luxuriant forest-growth, insects dependent on such conditions here find a congenial home.
The Longhorns, being essentially forest creatures, are richly represented in species, and are in
fact one of our dominant families.
As is suggested by their common name, one of the characteristics of the group is the possession of a pair of long antennae, in some cases exceeding the body in length, and in addition a
generally graceful appearance and pleasing coloration, give them a habitus quite distinctive.
Many of them possess a special arrangement by which a stridulating sound is produced, as by
rubbing the hind femora against the edge of elytra (Prionus) or by the attrition of the pronotum
'or thorax over a roughened process of the mesonotum at the base of the wing-cases (Rosalia,
Leptura, etc.).
They are lovers of the forest and woodland, depending for their larval existence on the wood
of trees, shrubs, or, rarely, herbaceous plants, in the neighbourhood of which the adults may be
found, either flying along glades or forest roads; at rest on palings; under bark, etc. Flowers
of spiraea, rose, yarrow, and goldenrod, etc., have a special attraction for many species, while to
others newly felled timber is irresistible. Others again are night-flyers and are attracted to
artificial light. They are short-lived for the most part, living from a few days to few weeks.
Some feed on pollen  (Leptura, etc.), while others eat the leaves  (Monochamus, etc.).
The eggs are usually whitish, elongate, slightly curved, with rounded or tapering ends, having
a smooth surface, often flexible so as to allow them to fit in the irregularity of the bark crevices
in which they are generally laid. Monochamus makes an incision with the jaws in the bark for
the reception of its eggs.    Others utilize twigs for the purpose (Oberea).
The larva? are white, fleshy, almost and often completely legless grubs, commonly known as
" Round-headed Borers." They spend their entire existence of a few months to several years
within the wood of trees or under the bark, in the majority of cases, or in the roots (Prionus).
Desmocerus forms gall-like swellings at the base of elder-bushes.
The pupal case is very thin so that the parts of the future imago are readily seen. The
metamorphosis is usually passed within an enlarged end of the larval gallery near the surface,
or rarely (Prionus) an earthern cocoon is constructed. When fully developed the adult passes
to the exterior by a passage previously made by the larva (Neoclytus) or gnaws its way out
From the habits of the larva it will thus be seen that the Longhorn family may he one of
considerable economic importance. Newly felled timber, if left on the ground for a season, is
greatly reduced in value by the extensive burrows permeating the solid wood. The death of
many forest trees is hastened by the loosening of the bark from their activities, or by the.
entrance to the heart-wood through stubs of broken branches or other abrasions, while perfectly
sound and healthy trees are occasionally attacked and killed.
Thus a study of these attractive beetles may not only be a source of much pleasure for its
own sake, but by the investigation of their life-histories, means for their control where necessary
may be found with resultant benefit to others not directly interested.
The basis of the material considered here is the result of active field-work during the past
two seasons, augmented by records in the Museum and private collections.    AA7hile not claiming . 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 25
the title of a list, opportunity has been taken to include all records that could be fully authenticated to date, and thus make it the nucleus of a complete list in the future.
Collecting on the Island, as far as all available records go, seems to have been confined
chiefly to the south-eastern parts and up the east coast to the neighbourhood of Nanaimo, a tract
of Douglas fir country which contains the most northern extension of such trees as the garry
oak, arbutus, etc., and comes within the Humid Transition Zone. From a study of the Western
fauna, Van Dyke finds that the whole of the Pacific Coast extending from Alaska to California
(including Vancouver Island) constitutes a distinct association apart from the rest of the continent, and which he calls the " Vancouver Strip." This better shows the general similarity
north and south than the older zonal terms, which in general extend across the continent in
roughly parallel groups, suggesting closer Eastern relationship of corresponding zones, which
actually does not exist so strongly as might he supposed.
Of the sixty-eight species enumerated here, it will be noted that approximately 80 per cent.
are confined to the Pacific Coast and neighbouring regions, and of these 83 per cent, are also
recorded, from northern California.
The influence of the humid coastal regions in producing dark or black forms is well
demonstrated by several species, among which may be instanced: Stenocorus vestitus Hald.,
the black-legged and antennae form prevailing, while in the Interior " dry belt" the red-legged
and antennae phase predominates. Evodinus vancouveri Csy., a dark form of P. monticola.
Judolia quadrillum Lee, which is much darker on the Coast than in the Interior of the Province.
Strangalia subcostata Fall, of which Vancouver Island individuals are black, while Interior
forms tend more commonly to yellowish-brown, and Anocomis lignea Fab. (Semanotus ligneus
Fab.) has a totally black phase.    Others might be cited.
One species is new to Canada—Clytanthus paciflcus Aran Dyke, previously recorded from
Oregon and California.
Appended is a list of periodicals in which reference is made to A'ancouver Island records,
which it was thought desirable to bring together for future reference. The majority contain
short lists and records of captures.
Can. Ent., 1888, p. 91. Ent. Soc. Ont, 1904, p. 75.
Can. Ent., 1891, p. 283. Bull. B.C. Ent. Soc, 1907, Jan., No. 6.
Bull. Nat. Hist. Soc. B.C., 1893. Ent Soc, Ont., 1912, p. 126.
Can. Ent., 1899, p. 107. Ent. Soc. Ont., 1914, p. 137.
Other literature briefly referred to in the text:—
Garnett, R. T.    " An Annotated List of the Cerambycidae of California."   Can. Ent., 1918.
Craighead, F. C.    " North America Cerambycid Larvae."    1923.
Van Dyke, E.  C.    " Distribution of  Insects in Western North America."    Ann.  Ent.
Soc. Am., 1919.
The nomenclature and arrangement followed is according to Leng's " Catalogue of Coleoptera of North America," 1920.
Popular names are added in the hope that it will make the list more generally useful, as a
constant demand for such is made by the public. If as a result of the additions new recruits
to the cause of entomology are added, then they will be more than justified.
A brief suggestion of the form or colour of the species is indicated, to be used in conjunction
with the plates, or, when not figured, as touching upon the more salient features. The times of
appearance are given in months, which include the first and last dates recorded in collections
examined, and refer only to Vancouver Island. Unless otherwise stated, species mentioned are
in the collection of the Provincial Museum.
The notes relating to frequency or otherwise of occurrence are only comparative and relate
to specimens represented in local collections.
Host-trees stated refer to Arancouver Island, when possible by direct observation from the
source indicated, but where this has been lacking, published records have been drawn upon in
order to make-it as complete as possible.
Names in full in the text refer to the authors of published works, while the following list
refers to collectors whose initials appear in brackets: B. H. Blackmore, E. A. Cooke, H. C.
Coppock, I. E. Cornwall, Muriel Davenport, W. Downes, A. W. Hanham, G. A. Hardy, C. Livingston, H. McKnight, A. Nicholls, W. H. A. Preece, G. W. Taylor, and P. deNoe Walker. Acknowledgments.—For the determination of specimens we are under a lasting debt of
gratitude to Dr. E. C. A7an Dyke, of Berkeley, Cal., who has most kindly not only named and
criticized nearly all of the species mentioned, but has also added valuable notes on distribution
and host-trees, and to Mr. G. R. Hopping, of A'ernon, B.C., for valuable criticism and verification.
We have much pleasure in here signifying our thanks and appreciation for the kindness and
cordiality shown throughout our correspondence. To the following gentlemen we also extend our
thanks for the generous co-operation and interest shown : Messrs. W. H. A. Preece, Sidney;
A. W. Hanham, Duncan;  E. H. Blackmore, Victoria;  W. Downes, Victoria.
Cerambychle (Longhorn Beetles).
Ergates Serv.
E. spiculatus Lee (Spiny AVood-borer).    (PI. IV., Fig. 19.)
Edges of thorax with several small spines. To be found at rest under logs, etc., by day;
flies by night. The male is less common in local collections than the female. July to August.
Frequent. Breeds in Douglas fir (G. A. H.) and other conifers, the large larvae making extensive
mines in the heart-wood and often causing considerable damage to new lumber. Victoria
(E. H. B.) ; Goldstream (G. A. II.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.). British Columbia to northern
Prionus Fab.
P. californicus Mots. (Californian Prionus).    (PI. IAr., Fig. 2.)
Edges of thorax with three large spines. Often called the " Electric-light Bug," though this
term strictly belongs to a large Water-bug (Lethocerus). It is a night-flyer, to be found by day
under logs, leaves, etc. AVhen excited is able to make a rasping sound by rubbing the hind
femora against the edge of elytra. June to August. Common. The larvae, the development of
which takes from two to four years, feed on the roots of various trees—service-berry, sumac,
and oak—often killing them (Craighead). Victoria (W. H. A. P.; M. D.) ; Saaniehton
(G. A. H.) ;   Duncan (A. W. II.) ;   Wellington (G. W. T).    British Columbia to California.
Tragosoma Serv.
T. depsarium var. harrisi Lee    (PI. IY., Fig. 24.)
Thorax with one spine on each side. Smaller than the two preceding. Taken at " light,"
June, August. Scarce. Breeds in various coniferous trees (Garnett). Victoria (E. H. B.) ;
Duncan (A. W. H.). Range very extensive. British Columbia to Newfoundland; south to New
York and Pennsylvania;   and California on the east and west coasts respectively.
Asemum Esch.
A. atrum Esch. (Western Asemum).    (PI. IV., Fig. 22.)
Two colour forms, black-brown or light brown; ribbed elytra. Found about freshly cut
conifers, May, June, frequent. Breeds in Douglas fir (Garnett) ; spruce (Craighead). The
larvae mine chiefly in the sap-wood, rarely penetrating the heart-wood. Goldstream (E. H. B.) ;
Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;  Duncan (A. W. H.) ;  Departure Bay (G. W. T.).   Pacific Coast.
Nothorhina Csy.
N. aspera Lee (Hollowed Brown).    (PI. IV., Fig. 25.)
Elongate, brown. A single large depression on thorax. Has been taken under block of newly
cut Douglas fir and at " light." July to August. Not common. Breeds in Douglas fir (Craighead) and firs (ATan Dyke), the larvae mining in the dead heart-wood. Victoria (E. H. B.;
W. H. A. P.) ; Tod Inlet (G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Sidney (G. A. H). British Columbia
to California.
Tetropium Kby.
T. cinnamopterum Kby. (Cinnamon Tetropium).
Like velutinum, but with narrower and more shiny thorax. June to September. Rare.
One specimen from Nanaimo (G. W. T.) in collection of A. W. Hanham. Breeds in dead wood
of firs, pines, and spruce, mining entirely in the bark (Craighead). North-west and Eastern
America.  PLATE IV.
Family CERAJIBYCID.E  (Longiiohn Beetles)
(Natural size.)
1. Ortholeptura ralida (Lee).
2. Prionus califomicus Mots.    (Male.)
3. Parapachyta spurca (Lee).    (Female.)
4. Opsimus qiiadrilincatus Mann.
5. Piiymatodcs nitidus Lee
6. Atimia dorsalis Lee
7. Hapalosalia- scripta (Lee).
8. Judolia quadrillum (Lee).
9. Piiymatodcs vulneratus Lee
10. Leptura dolorosa Lee
11. Brachylcptura dchiscens (Lee).
12. Brachylcptura Urtifica (Lee).    (Male.)
13. Grapliisurus obliqu/us Lee    (JIale.)
14. Leptura matthewsi Lee    (Female.)
15. Strangulia subcostata (Fall).
10. Hybodera tubcrculata Lee
17. Oberea schaumi var. quadricallosa Lee
18. Callidium antennatum var. hesperum Csy.
19. Ergates spiculatus Lee     (Female.)
20. Anocornis lignea  (Fab.).
21. Phgmatodcs dimidiatus (Kby.)
22. Asemum utrum Esch.
23. Criaccphalus product us Lee.
24. Tragosoma depsarium-, var. harrisi Lee
25. Nothorhina, aspera Lee
26. Plectrura spinicaiida Mann. PLATE IV.  16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 27
T. velutinum Lee (Arelvet Tetropium).    (PI. Y., Fig. 33.)
Small, elongate, brown, paler at base of elytra. Found about newly cut Douglas fir. May
to July. Not common. Breeds in Douglas fir and pines. The larvae mine between bark and
wood. It is of some economic importance, having caused the death of hemlock and larch (Craighead). Tod Inlet (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (AV. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay
(G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California along the coast.
Criocephalus Muls.
C. productws Lee (Long Ram's-head).    (PI. IV., Fig. 23.)
Very elongate, sooty-brown, parallel-sided, with two depressions on thorax. Met with
unexpectedly in various places, floating on water, in spider's web (W. II. A. P.) ; on steps of
Museum (G. A. H). July to October. Frequent. Breeds in pines, firs, and Douglas fir, mining
chiefly in the heart-wood of dead or dying trees (Craighead). Victoria (M. D.) ; Duncan
(A. AV. H).    Pacific Coast.
C. asperatus Lee (Rough Ram's-head).
Similar to preceding, but stouter and less parallel-sided. Thorax rougher. September to
October. Not common. Departure Bay (G. AV. T.). British Columbia to California and
bordering States.
Opsimus Mann.
O. quadrilineatus Mann. (Four-lined Opsimum).    (PI. IV., Fig. 4.)
Small, lead-coloured, one short spine on each side of thorax. June to August. Rare.
Breeds in balsam (Abies grandis) (AV. H. A. P.) ; Douglas fir (G. A. H). Living specimens
taken from pupal cell by Preece in December. The mines extend through the heart-wood.
Victoria (A. W. H.; G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. AV. H.). Alaska to California along the Coast.
Dicentrus Lee
D. bluthneri Lee (Bluthner's Two-spot).
A very small black beetle with two greyish spots on elytra. Two short spines on each side
of thorax. May and September. Rare. Found in neighbourhood of coniferous trees. Duncan
(A. W. H).    British Columbia to California.    Collection of A. W. Hanham.
Eumichthus Lee
E wdipus Lee (The Imitator).
Small, dark brown, two narrow cinereous bands on elytra. On flowers of ocean-spray
(Spirasa) (Garnett). July. Very rare. Nanaimo (G. W. T.) ; ATancouver Island (originally
described from V.I. specimen, J. L. Leconte, 1873, S.M. Col. No. 264). British Columbia to
California.    Collection of A. W. Hanham.
Rhagium Fab.
R. lineatum Oliv. (Ribbed Rhagium).    (PI. Y., Fig. 29.)
Brownish-grey; short antennae; strong spine on either side of thorax. March to June,
occasional. Breeds in balsam (A. grandis) (W. H. A. P.) ; the larvae live between bark and
wood, pupating in a " nest" like cell in late summer and early fall, over-wintering as adults,
the life-cycle taking about two years to complete. AMctoria (E. H. B.; G. A. H.) ; Sidney
(W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Nanaimo (G. W. T.). Throughout coniferous regions in
North America.
Leptalia Lee
L. marcilenta v. franlcenhauseri Mann. (Wisp Longhorn).
Elongate, black, with one yellow stripe on each elytra; variable. On flowers. May, June.
Rare. Breeds in willow and alder (Kincaird). Saanich (AV. D.) ; Duncan (A. W. H).
Alaska to Washington.    Collection of A. W. Hanham.
Hapalosalia Csy.
H. scripta (Lee)   (Letter Longhorn).    (PI. IV., Fig. 7.)
Small, yellow, with black ticks. An active species found on flowers of rose, yarrow, thimble-
berry, where it feeds on the pollen. May to July. Fairly common. Victoria (G. A. H.;
W. H. A. P.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.; E. H. B.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Cachalot (I. E. C).
British Columbia to California. C 28 British Columbia. 1925
Ortholeptura Csy.
O. valida (Lee)   (Clouded-yellow Leptura).    (PI. IV., Fig. 1.)
One of our finest Longhorns. Ochraceous with suffused longitudinal dusky marking on
elytra. Taken at " light" ; by day under bark of an alder (G. A. II.). June to August. Rare.
Breeds in Douglas fir (Van Dyke). Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Departure
Bay (G. W. T.).   British Columbia to California.
Stenocorus Fab.
S. flavolineatus Lee. (Yellow-lined Beauty).    (PI. Y., Fig. 37.)
A large handsome insect, black with broad yellow line on each elytra.   Usually taken on the
wing when flying along roads or in clearings in the vicinity of coniferous trees.    June, July.
Rare.    Goldstream   (G. A. II.) ;   Brentwood   (A. N.) ;   Duncan  (C. L.).    British Columbia to
S. vestitus Hald. (Russet Longhorn).    (PI. V., Fig. 27.)
An elegant light-brown species. The form with black legs and antennae most common on
Vancouver Island. In the Interior, Mr. G. Hopping tells me, the red form is more prevalent.
Usually found on flowers of rose, yarrow, etc. May to July—most records for June. Frequent,
chiefly in neighbourhood of Victoria (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. II. A. P.) ; Shawnigan (A. W. H.) ;
Duncan (C. L.).    British Columbia to California.
Parapachyta Csy.
P. spurca (Lee)   (AVainscot Longhorn).    (PI. IV., Fig. 3.)
A large fulvous species with a small black dot on each elytra. Taken only at " light."
Occasional. Latter part of May to July. Breeds in Douglas fir (Garnett). Victoria
(W. H. A. P.; E. A. C.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Shawnigan (E. H. B.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.).
British Columbia to California.
Paehyta Zett.
P. liturata Kby. (Marbled Longhorn).
A robust species, varying in colour from yellow to black. July, August. Breeds in fir
(Garnett). Victoria (Can. Ent, 1SSS, W. J. Holland); Duncan (in E. H. B. collection).
Throughout northern North America, at high altitudes in the southern parts of its range.
Evodinus Lee
E. vancouveri Csy. (A^ancouver Longhorn).
A small elegant species, yellow with black spots on sides of elytra, often converging. On
flowers. Very scarce. Its close relative, Paehyta monticola, has been found breeding in hemlock,
pine, and spruce (Craighead), the larva when full-fed leaving the log and forming an earthen
cocoon in the earth beneath. Duncan (A. W. H). Pacific Coast. P. monticola ranges
the Atlantic.
Aomwops Lee
A. pratensis Laich. (Meadow Longhorn).
A small almost rectangular brown species; occurs on flowers. June to August. Rare. One
specimen from Nanaimo (G. AV. T.) in collection of A. W. Hanham. Circumpolar; across
northern North America.
Judolia Muls.
J. quadrillum (Lee)   (Small Angled Leptura).    (PI. IAr., Fig. 8.)
A rather small species, black with yellow markings on elytra. Most commonly met with on
flowers of ocean-spray (Spircea), yarrow, thimbleberry, etc., and also flying over herbage. June
to August. Common. Victoria (G. A. H.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;
Royal Oak (W. D.) ;   Duncan (A. W. H.).    British Columbia to California.
Brachyleptura Csy.
B. dehiscens (Lee)  (Divergent-winged Leptura).    (PI. IV., Fig. 11.)
An inconspicuous, walnut-coloured species. Taken flying and on flowers of ocean-spray
(Spirma). July, August. Uncommon. Goldstream (G. A. H.; A. N.) ; Highland District
(G. A! H.) ;   Duncan (A. W. H.).    British Columbia to California.  PLATE V.
Family CERAMBYCIDiE  (Longhorn Beetles).
(Natural size.)
27. Stenocorus rcstitiis Hald.
28. Leptura chrysocoma Kby.
29. Rhagium lincatum Oliv.
30. Stranguria obliterata (Hald.).
31. Strangalia soror (Lee).
32. Ncegdalis Itcrieollls Lee
33. Tetropium veliitinum Lee    (Female.)
34. UIocJmxIcs leoninus Lee     (Female.)
35. Molorchus longicollis Lee
36. Strophiona lata (Lee).
37. Stenocorus flavolineatus Lee
38. Rosalia funcbris Mots.    (Male.)
39. Synapha'ta guexi (Lee).
40. Xylotrechus mormon us Lee
41. Monochamus oregonensis Lee    (Male.)
42. Bracliylcptura cribripennis  (Lee).
43. Xylotrechus unduiatus  (Say.).
44. Ncoeigtus conjunct us (Lee).
45. Clytanthus pacifious A'an Dyke.
40. Xcstoleptura crassipcs  (Lee).    (Female.)
47. Xcstoleptura crassipcs (Lee).    (Male.) PLATE V.
\ /
;   (
**  16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 29
B. cribripennis (Lee)   (Canadian Leptura).    (PI. V., Fig. 42.)
A handsome beetle; black with red shoulders in typical form; variable; some specimens
have elytra all red, others entirely black. This is the Western phase of canadensis Fab., having
more shiny elytra and coarser punctures. On flowers of tansy (A. AV. H.). July to September.
Very scarce. Breeds in hemlock and pines (Craighead). Victoria (W. D.) ; Goldstream
(E. H. B.) ; Duncan (A. AAr. H.). Majority of records from Duncan. Pacific Coast region.
B. ketiflca (Lee)  (Slender Leptura).    (PI. IV., Fig. 12.)    ■
Similar in size to J. quadrillum, but more slender and with longer legs. Male black, female
red, with black spots on elytra. On flowers of ocean-spray, yarrow, thimbleberry, and rose.
May to July, especially June. Common. A'ictoria (G. A. H.; E. H. B.) ; Goldstream
(G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.j. British
Columbia to California.
Parallelina Csy.
P. subargentata Kby. (Clouded Silver).
A small black species with very short sparse white pubescence. Occurs on flowers of rose
and black hawthorn (Crataegus brevispina). May to July. Fairly common. Victoria (G. A. H.),
where it is most frequently observed; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. AV. H.). Widely
distributed throughout Canada and United States.
Strangalia Serv. ,
S. obliterata (Hald.)  (Black-marked Halter).    (PI. Y., Fig. 30.)
A conspicuous graceful species, yellow, with black bands and spots. On flowers of ocean-
spray, crawling over newly cut Douglas fir, resting on leaves, but chiefly flying in the hot sun
along roads, etc. Females predominate. June to September; one record for latter month.
A'ery common. Breeds in dead conifers, fir, Douglas fir, pine, spruce, etc. (Craighead). Victoria
(E. H. B.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Sooke (P. deN. AV.) ; Sidney (AV. H. A. P.) ; Duncan
(A. AV. II.). British Columbia to California.
S, subcostata Fall (Thin-ribbed Halter).    (PI. IV., Fig. 15.)
Same size as obliterata.   Black.    In the Interior a form with yellowish-brown elytra with
black tip occurs more commonly  (G. R. Hopping).    On flowers of ocean-spray.    July.    Rare.
Highland District (G. A. H.) ;  Duncan (E. H.«B. coll.).    British Columbia to California.
S. soror (Lee)  (Black-tipped Halter).    (PI. V., Fig. 31.)
Similar to obliterata, but black chiefly on tips of elytra.   On flowers of yarrow, ocean-spray,
and flying along roads.   Males predominate.   End of June to August.   Not common.    Goldstream
(G. A. H.) ;   Brentwood  (A. N.) ;   Duncan   (A. W. H.).    Breeds in pines   (Garnett).    British
Columbia to California.   ,
S, amabilis (Lee-)   (Lovely Leptura).
Small, black, with three yellow bars, often reduced to spots. On flowers. Rare. June to
August.    Shawnigan (Mus. coll.) ;   Duncan (A. AV. H.).    British Columbia to Oregon.
Xestoleptura Csy.
X. orassipes (Lee)  (Yellow-footed Leptura).    (PL Ar., Figs. 46, 47.)
Small. Yellow with' tip of elytra black in male, additional black bands on female.
On flowers of ocean-spray, water-parsley (CEnanthe sarmentosa), goldenrod (Solidago) ; at rest
on leaves, or flying by roadsides. June to August. One in September (E. H. B.). Common.
Breeds in heart-wood of dead balsam (Abies grandis) (G. A. H.) and pine (Craighead). Victoria
(G. A. H.) ; Esquimalt (A. N.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan
(A. W. H.). British Columbia to California.
X. tibialis (Lee)   (Black-footed Leptura).
Similar to orassipes, but black under surface and on legs, and occurs at higher elevations.
On flowers. June to August. Rare. Duncan (A. AAr. H). British Columbia and, according
to Leng, Washington, Michigan, and New Hampshire.
Strophiona Csy.
S. Iwta (Lee)   (Resplendent Oak-borer).    (PI. Y., Fig. 36.)
A beautiful insect, golden-yellow with velvet-black bands. At rest on tree-trunks, etc.
July, August. Scarce. Breeds in garry oak (W. D.). Victoria (W. D.; W. H. A. P.) ; Duncan
(ti. L.).    British Columbia to California where oak occurs.
194299 0 30 British Columbia. 1925
Leptura Linn.
L. ohrysocoma Kby. (Golden Longhorn).    (PI. AT., Fig. 28.)
Finely pubescent,  golden-yellow.    On  flowers  of  rose,  ocean-spray,  yarrow,   thimbleberry.
May to July.   Fairly common.   Breeds in pines (Craighead).   Victoria (G. A. II.) ;   Goldstream
(E. H. B.) ;   Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;   Duncan  (A. W. H.).    Across northern Canada to British
Columbia and down the coast to California.
L. dolorosa Lee (Black Leptura).    (PI. IV., Fig. 6.)
All black. On flowers of spiraea, etc., but most often along roads and about herbage, resting
on the leaves, on which they like to bask in the sun. Latter part of June to August. Common.
Breeds in heart-wood of Douglas fir (AV. H. A. P.). Brentwood (G. W. H.) ; Sidney
(W. H. A. P.) ; Goldstream (G. A. II.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Wellington (G. W. T). British
Columbia to California.
L. matthewsi Lee  (Matthew's Leptura).    (PI. IV., Fig. 14.)
A robust species;   elytra pale yellow with black tips and interrupted median band;   a very
fine insect.   Flying or at rest on herbage.   July to September.   Rare.    Breeds in cedar (ATan
Dyke).    Goldstream (A. N.;  E. II. B.) ;  Duncan (A. W. H).   British Columbia to California.
L. aspera Lee (Rough Leptura).
Very black, elytra with small elevated points. Breeds in birch (Craighead). (Described
from a Vancouver Island specimen by Deconte in Smith. Misc. Colls. No. 264, 1873, p. 228.)
British Columbia to Lake Superior.
Pyrotrichus Lee
P. vitticollis Lee (Yellow Collar).
A very distinctive species, bluish with three orange lines on thorax, elytra margined with
same, hind angles of former rounded. April, May. Rare. Breeds in heart-wood of alders in
California (Garnett). Victoria (Mus. coll.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.).
British Columbia to California.
Desmocerus Serv.
D. piperi Webb (Banded Horn).
Similar in general appearance to P. vitticollis, but hind angles of thorax acuminate, and
lacking orange stripes. Male with elytra entirely orange. April to June. Rare. Breeds in base
and stems of elder (Sambucus), forming galls at base, often killing the host-plant. Duncan
(A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.). British Columbia to California. Collection of
A. W. Hanham.
Ulochcetes Lee
U. leoninus Lee (Bumble Longhorn).    (PL V., Fig. 34.)
A very peculiar beetle departing altogether from the typical form. In general appearance
looks like a large bumble-bee, being somewhat similarly marked, and possessing a covering of
dense hairs. The wing-cases are reduced to mere scales, while the flight-wings are large and
conspicuously exposed. Has a heavy bee-like flight. AVhen alarmed the tip of the abdomen is
carried curled over the back, the long yellow ovipositor being directed forward and constantly in
motion, resembling a sting. Seen flying in neighbourhood of newly felled! Douglas fir (G. A. H.;
A. N.) and at rest on trunk of balsam (Abies grandis) (W. H. A. P.). June to August. Rare.
Breeds in balsam (W. H. A. P.) ; Douglas fir, spruce, and pine (Craighead), mining in the heart-
wood. Victoria (E. H. B.) ;, iSidney (W. H. A. P) ; Tod Inlet (G A. H.; A. N.) ; Duncan
(A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T) ; Alert Bay (Bull Nat. Hist. Soc, 1893, apparently first
record for Canada).   British Columbia to California.
Necydalis Linn.
N. cavipennis Lee (Short-winged Oak Longhorn).
Another highly specialized form, closely resembling an ichneumon;  the wing-cases are even
smaller in proportion to the preceding;   general colour light brown with fine golden pubescence
on sides.    August.    Rare.    Breeds in oak  (W. D.).    Victoria   (W. D.;   A.  W. H.).    British
Columbia to California.    Collection of A. W. Hanham.
N. bevicollis Lee  (Short-winged Longhorn).    (PI. V., Fig. 32.)
Similar to preceding, but averaging smaller and without pubescence. Most often seen flying;
many dead specimens taken from exit-holes in alder, not having been able to gnaw their way 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 31
through the portion of bark left by the larva, possibly due to the long drought making it too hard.
July, August. Scarce. Breeds in alder and willow on Vancouver Island, mining in the heart-
wood. Victoria (G. A. H.; E. H. B.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.); Goldstream (G. A. H.;
W. H. A. P.) ;  Duncan (A. W. H.) ;  Departure Bay (G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California.
Molorchus Fab.
M. longioollis Lee (Ichneumon Longhorn).    (PI. V., Fig. 35.)
Another ichneumon-like beeetle, much smaller than preceding and almost black. Hovering
over flowers of pyrus (G. W. T.), cultivated spiraea (W. H. A. P.). Uncommon. May, June.
Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;  Duncan (A. W. II.).   British Columbia to California
Hybodera Lee
H. tuberculata Lee (Tuberculated Longhorn).    (PI. IV., Fig. 16.)
Small, brown, with grey band across elytra, tuberculate thorax. Flying over cordwood in
late afternoon (A. W. H.). April, May. Rather rare. Breeds in maple (Acer macrophyllum)
(Van Dyke). Victoria (E. H. B.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Wellington (G. W. T.). British"
Columbia to California.    Collection of A. AV. Hanham.
Rosalia Serv.
R. funebris Mots. (Large Banded Borer).    (PI. V., Fig. 38.)
Without doubt our most handsome Longhorn. Flying and crawling about alder logs and
slashings. July and August. Not common. Breeds in alder and willow. Victoria (M. D.;
E. H. B.) ; Goldstream (H. McK.; G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.) ;
Westholme (H. C. C).    Alaska to California.
Anocomis Csy.
A. lignea (Fab.)  (Semanotus ligneus Fab.)   (Blue-clouded Miner).    (PI. IV., Fig. 20.)
Blue-black with varying extent of orange bands and spots on elytra. April, May. Frequent.
Breeds in cedar (Thuja plicata), from which numbers have been extracted from pupal cell in
August and during the ensuing winter. A hymenopterous parasite, Xorides insularis, preys
extensively on the larvae. Taken ovipositing on fresh cedar log (W. H. A. P.). Tod Inlet
(G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. AV. H). Ranges across
A. litigiosa Csy. (Semanotus nicolas White)   (Black-clouded Miner).
Similar to preceding, but more hairy and coarser punctuation; pitch-black. " Flying to light
from fresh-sawn pine logs" (C. L.). March, April. Not common. Breeds in fir (Abies
grandis)  (Van Dyke).    Duncan (A. W. H.;  C. L.).   Alaska to Lake Superior and Pacific slope.
Callidium Fab.
C. antennatum v. hesperum Csy. (Azure Miner).    (PI. IV., Fig. 18.)
Dull metallic blue. Found on logs of arbutus (W. H. A.). May. Very scarce. Breeds in
Douglas fir and pine (Van Dyke). Saanich (W. D.) ; Sidney (W. II. A. P.) ; Duncan
(A. AV. H.).    Pacific Coast.
Phymatodes Muls.
P. dimidiatus (Kby.)   (Umber Wings).    (PI. IV., Fig. 21.)
Fuscous with lighter bar at base of elytra.    Flying;   running over spruce logs.    June, July.
Not common.    Breeds in spruce and other conifers  (Van Dyke).    Victoria  (AV. D.) ;   Duncan
(A. W. H.).   Alaska to California and Lake Superior.
P. vulneratus Lee (Scar Wings).    (PI. IV., Fig. 9.)
Smaller than preceding, one cross-bar on each elytra.    " Sweeping " herbage.    June.    Rare.
Breeds in  maple   (Acer  macrophyllum),  mining  in   sap-wood  of   dead  branches.    Victoria
(G. A. H.) ;   Sidney (G. A. H.) ;   Goldstream (G. A. H.) ;   Duncan  (C. L.).    British Columbia
to California.
P. decussatus Lee and var. obliquus Csy. (Oblique-lined).
Similar to preceding. Opaque, black, with two cross-bars on each elytra. Decussatus has
pale-brown base to elytra.    Flying.   On oak trunks.   May to July.   Scarce.   Breeds in sap-wood British Columbia. 1925
of garry oak (G. A. H.).   Victoria (G. A. H.;  A. W. H.) ;  Duncan (A. AV. H.).    British Columbia
to California where oak occurs
P. nitidus Lee (Shiny Wings).    (PI. IV., Fig. 5.)
Similar to obliquus, but very shining black, with two white cross-bars on each elytra.
Flying, "sweeping." June, July. Rare. Breeds in all the cupressine trees (A7an Dyke) in
sap-wood. Victoria; Prospect Lake (G. A. H.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ;
Wellington (G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California.
Xylotrechus Chev.
X. mormonus Lee (Mormon Runner).     (PL Y., Fig. 40.)
Rather  elongate,  cylindrical,   dull  brown  with  obscure  markings,   short   antennae.     July.
Rare.    Breeds in poplar and aspen  (Aran Dyke).    Esquimalt   (A. N.) ;   Nanaimo   (G. W. T.).
Rockies and North-west.
X. undulatus Say. (Scroll Runner).    (PI. V., Fig. 43.)
Like mormonus, but black with well-defined white or yellowish markings. On newly cut
Douglas fir. June to September, chiefly June and July. Not uncommon. Breeds in the heart-
wood of Douglas fir and other conifers. Victoria (AV. H. A. P.; E. H. B.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;
Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Tod Inlet (A. N.) ; Duncan (A. \Y. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.).
Lake Superior to Alaska,.south to California.
X. annosus (Say.)   (Ringed Runner).
Similar in shape to undulatus, but dark brownish with obscure irregular bands of grey.   June,
July.   Rare.   Breeds in willows and poplars.   Nanaimo (G. W. T.).    Across continent.
Neoclytus Thorns.
N. conjunctus (Lee)  (Double X Oak Borer).    (PI. A^., Fig. 44.)
Similar to undulatus, with distinct double X on elytra. On logs or tree-trunks. April, May.
Uncommon. Breeds in heart-wood of garry oak, arbutus. Taken from pupal cells in November
(G. A. H). Victoria (G. A. H.; E. H. B.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.). British Columbia to
« Clytanthus Thorns.
The genus Clytanthus is placed as a synonym of Anthoboseus Chev. in Leug's Catalogue,
but here it is retained as used by Dr. E. C. Van Dyke in the reference mentioned below.
C. pacificus Aran Dyke (Pacific Clytanthus).     (PI. V., Fig. 45.)
First record for Canada. Type locality Mary's Peak, near Corvallis, Oregon. Described
1920 in Bull. Brook. Ent. Soc, p. 38. A'ery rare in collections. One specimen, Goldstream
(G. A. H.), obtained by sweeping low herbage.   British Columbia, Oregon, California.
Clytus Laich.
C. planifrons Lee  (Velvet Beauty).
A handsome species similar to a small undulatus, black with broad yellow bands and markings. June. On flowers. Rare. Bred from dead willow (Garnett). Victoria (E. H. B.) ;
Duncan (A. AAr. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. AAr. T.). Pacific Coast, British Columbia to California.
Collection of E. H. Blackmore.
Atimia Hald.
A. dorsalis Lee (Brownie).    (PI. IV, Fig. 6.)
A small, though distinctive species, brownish with coarse appressed pubescence. May, June.
Very rare. Breeds in cupressine trees, cedars, juniper (Craighead). Sidney (W. H. A. P.);
Duncan (A. W. H).    British Columbia to California.
Plectrura Mann.
P. spinicauda Mann, (Spider Beetle).    (PI. IV., Fig. 26.)
A light-brown, very spider-like beetle, wingless. Elytra tuberculated and ending in a spine
posteriorly. To be found crawling on palings, etc. April, May, September, and October. Not
common.    Breeds in maples, alders, and willows.    Larvae feed in the sap-wood of dead wood 16 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Report.
C 33
forming a pupal cell in the heart-wood, out of which the adult gnaws its way. Victoria
(G. A. H.; A. W. H.; E. II. B.) ; Esquimalt (G. A. II.); Sooke (G. A. II.); Goldstream
(A. N.) ;   Sidney (AV. II. A. P.) ;  Duncan (A. W. H).    Alaska to Oregon.
Monochamus Serv.
M. oregonensis Lee (Blacksmith Longhorn).    (PI. V., Fig. 41.)
A large black beetle sparsely speckled with a varying amount of white; feelers very long
in male. To be found flying and crawling about newly cut Douglas fir and also at " light."
July, August. Not very common. Breeds in pines, firs, and spruces, mining in the heart-wood.
Can be very destructive to timber allowed to lie over for a season. Victoria (W. II. A. P.) ;
Highland District (G. A. H.) ; Duncan (A. AV. H.) ; Departure Bay (G. W. T.). British
Columbia to California and adjoining country. This species closely approaches M. scutellatus,
which carries on the range throughout boreal America.
Synaplucta Thorns.
S. guexi (Lee)   (Barred Grey).    (PI. V., Fig. 39.)
Another fine Longhorn, the illustration needs no amplifying. At " light" or at rest on bark
of trees. April to October. Scarce. May to July is the average time of appearance. Breeds
in willow (G. A. H.), larvae mining in the sap-wood and constructing a pupal cell in heart-wood
of the cases examined. In California many other trees are attacked, including maple, alder,
oak, etc.; especially harmful to the walnut (Juglans vegia) (Yan Dyke). Victoria (G. A. H.;
E. H. B.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ; AVestholme (W. D.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Wellington
(G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California.
Graphisurus Kby.
G. obliquus Lee (Elegant Longhorn).    (PI. IY., Fig. 13.)
A very distinctive and graceful insect, the male possessing exceptionally long antennae.
Found on palings, etc. Rare. Breeds in pines and spruces, the larvae mining entirely in the
bark, pupating in sap-wood (Craighead). Victoria (A. W. II.); Duncan; Departure Bay
(G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California.    Collection of A. W. Hanham.
Pogonocherus Late.
P. crinitus Lee (Tufted Pogon).
Similar to oregonus,  but smaller  with  less  white pubescence.    July.    One  specimen  in
Hanham collection from Nanaimo (G. AAr. T.) ;   also recorded in Leng and Hamilton, " Synopsis
of the Lamiinae," p. 135, from Vancouver Island.   British Columbia to California.
P. oregonus Lee (Oregon Pogon).
A handsome little species, black with long hairs; black band on middle of elytra, tips of
which are rounded. May, July. Rare. Breeds in firs (Van Dyke). Victoria (A. W. H.) ;
Nanaimo  (G. W. T.).    British Columbia to California.    Collection of A. AV. Hanham.
Saperda Fab.
8. calarata Say. (Poplar Longhorn).
A large elongate almost cylindrical beetle, pale sulphur-grey. July. Breeds in poplar and
aspen, the larvae mining in the heart-wood of the living tree, often killing them. No recent
records. Included on the evidence of Leng and Hamilton, " Synopsis of Lamiinse of North
America," p. 148, 1896, where it is recorded from Vancouver Island. Northern, across continent,
and on'Pacific Coast.
Oberea Muls.
O. schaumi v.   quadricallosa Lee as 0. quadricallosa Lee in Leng (Four^spotted Oberea).    (PI.
IV., Fig. 17.)
Another very characteristically formed Longhorn, superficially resembling a " Soldier
Beetle "; elongate, with red thorax and blue elytra. Found flying, or at rest on willow twigs
and poplars. July, August. Rare. Breeds in living twigs of willow, burrowing in the centre
and finally killing it (Craighead). Saanich (AV. D.) ; Goldstream (G. A. IT.) ; Duncan (E. H. B.
coll.);  Wellington (G. AV. T).    Pacific Coast. ACCESSIONS.
The cordial thanks of the Department are extended to the donors of the following accessions for the year 1925 :—
Lump-nosed Bat (Corynorhinus townscndii Cooper). ATictoria, May 20th, 1925 (R. Katze).
This bat possesses two curious lumps on the face, one each side of the nose, which have several
long hairs appended. It is possible these are sensory organs, somewhat analagous to a cat's
whiskers: It also has very long ears which distinguish it at once from any other local bat,
and is very similar in general appearance to the long-eared bat of Europe.
Silver-haired Bat (Lasionycteris noetivagans Lee). Millstream, July 7th, 1925 (F. S.
Mitchell). Apparently not uncommon in the vicinity of A'ictoria, as there are several specimens
in the Museum collection.
Large Brown Bat (Eptesicus fuscus Peale & Beauvois). ATictoria. One caught in the
Museum and another by Miss AV. A-'. Redfern.    A wide-ranging species throughout North America.
Puget Sound Weasel (Mustela streatori Merriman.) Duncan, December 14th, 1925 (A. H.
Hanham). A small Pacific Coast variety; one of its most noticeable features is that the brown
of sides extends on to the under-side, nearly meeting in the median line, thus differing from the
Mainland form (M. cicognanii), which is also larger.
Mule-deer (Gdocoileus h. hemonius Rat'.). Ashcroft, November 19th, 1925 (M. Bailey). A doe
having well-developed horns, an abnormal condition approaching hermaphroditism, of rare
A fine collection of British small mammals was presented by Mr. J. Stark, of Creston, B.C.,
numbering forty-seven specimens; these are all in excellent condition, with full data, and afford
a very useful basis of comparison.
Western Grebe (Mchmorphorus occidentalis Law). Uplands, October 17th, 1925 (P. deNoe
Rhinocerus Auklet (Ccrorhinea nwnoccrata Pallas). Discovery Island, October 2nd, 1925
California Murre (Uria troille californica H. Bryant). ,Shoal Bay, February 17th, 1925
(R. AV. Hunter).    In spring plumage, weak from oil, possibly, matting the feathers.
Pigeon Guillemot (Cepphus columba Pallas). Cadboro Bay, September 24th, 1925 (G. A.
Hardy).    AVinter plumage.
Ring-billed Gull yg. (Larus delawarensis Ord.). Cadboro Bay, September 24th, 1925 (F.
Ileermann's Gull (Larus heermanmi Cassin). Cadboro Bay, September 24th, 1925 (F. Kermode). Four fine specimens. This gull breeds in Mexico iu early spring, afterwards migrating
northward, and returning the same year after a short stay.
Ariolet-green Cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus rcbustus Ridgway). Cadboro Bay, September 24th, 1925 (F. Kermode).
European AVidgeon (Mareca penelope Linn.). Crofton, January 10th, 1925 (H. F. Carter).
This appears to be the fourth record for British Columbia.
Trumpeter Swan (Olor buccinator Rich.). Kelowna, January 22nd, 1925. Picked up dead
by R. D. Sullivan.
Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus torquatus Gmelin). ATictoria, March 4th, 1925 (A. P.
Bob-white (Colinus virginianus lexanus Law). Arictoria, March 2nd, 1925 (R. Gidley). Two
specimens from the Government Pheasant Farm. Imported from Oregon for acclimatization
California Quail (Lophortyx c. calif ornica Shaw). Mount Tolmie, January 31st, 1925
(AV. H. A. Preece).
Hungarian Partridge or European Partridge (Perdix perdix Linn.). Arictoria, March 2nd,
1925 (R. Gidley).    From the Government Pheasant Farm, also imported from Oregon.
Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipiter velox Wilson).   Somenos, December 18th, 1925 (D. Millidge).
Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysatas Linn.).    Sidney, November 10th, 1925 (AV. II. A. Preece). 16 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. C 35
Northern Raven (Corvus corax principalis Ridge.). Mill Bay, November 24th, 1925 (J. E.
North-western Robin (Planesticus migratorius caurinus Grinnell). Victoria, October 5th,
1925 (E. G. Kermode).
Robin's Nest. Two nests built side by side—pannier-wise—on a chicken-roost. Lost Lake,
V.I., January, 1925 (E. B. Cooke).
Egg of Bob-white.    Oak Bay, June 30th, 1925.
Egg of Mallard of unusually dark green.    Shoal Bay, March 16th, 1925 (Colonel Schrieber).
Garter-snake (Eutwnia sp.).   Thetis Lake, V.I. (A. Nicholls).
Northern Alligator-lizard (Gerrhonotus principis) (3 specimens). Creston (J. Stark) ; Gold-
stream (G. A. Hardy;  AV. H. A. Preece).
Tree-frog (Hyla regilla B. & G.). Mount Tolmie, 1925 (W. H. A. Preece) ; Mount Douglas,
1925 (G. A. Hardy).
Pacific Newt (Triturus torosus Rathke).    Goldstream, 1925 (G. A. Hardy).
Rusty Salamander (Aneides ferrous Cope). Sidney (AV. H. A. Preece) ; Mount Douglas,
Mount Finlayson, 1925 (700 feet)  (G. A. Hardy) ;  Sooke (P. deNoe Walker).
Western Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon intermedins Baird). Port Renfrew (J. G.
French) ;  Sooke (G. A. Hardy).
Spring Salmon (Oncorhynchus tschaivytscha Wal.). Sooke Harbour. Taken from the trap
of J. H. Todd & Co.    A fine specimen weighing 85 lb.
Grunt-fish (Cottus riehardsoni Gunther). Duncan (G. G. Henderson). A peculiar and
strikingly coloured little fish of the shore waters.
Three-spined Stickle-back (Gasterosteus catraphractus Pallas).   A'ictoria (A. E. Redfern).
A considerable number of insects of the various orders have been presented from time to
time, much of which is undetermined. They are, however, being placed in their respective groups
until such time as they can be submitted to specialists for study.
A large amount of information respecting the family Cerambycidae or Long-horned Beetles
of Vancouver Island has been accumulated during the past two years, for results of which see
page 24:    Material belonging to other families is on hand, to be worked up as time permits.
A number of mounts showing the work of the following wood-boring beetles have been
prepared. They show sections, etc., of the wood, their burrows and pupal cells. In some cases
the larvae and pupae are also shown, while in every case the adult beetle forms part of each
exhibit. These are placed temporarily in the case to the right of the entrance to the main floor,
formerly devoted to Seasonal Exhibits.
Short-winged Alder Beetle (Neeydalis laevicollis Lee).
Double X Oak Borer (Neoelytus conjunctus Lee).
Spider Beetle (Plectrura spinicauda Mann.).
Large Wood-borer (Ergates spiculatus Lee).
Blue Clouded Miner (Semanotus ligneus Fab.).
Unicorn Beetle (Sinodendron rugosum Mann.).
Mr. E. H. Blackmore, of Victoria, has presented a collection of some 700 specimens of Noctuid
and Geometrid Moths, which, together with those already in the collection, make a fairly representative presentation of the British Columbia species of these families. Mr. AV. H. A. Preece, of Sidney, has donated approximately 400 specimens of the commoner
Butterflies and Moths of Victoria and vicinity; these are particularly useful as they increase
the study series.
In addition, the following have been received:—
Enargia decolor AVlk.    Miss J. M. Tucker, Prince Rupert.
Hawk-moth (Proserpinug Clarkkc Bdv.). Found hovering over Sea-blush (Valcrianella
congesta)   (P. deNoe Walker, Highland District).    An uncommon species.
Tiger-moth (Arctia americana Harr.).    Victoria, August 12th (Mr. Lofts).
Feralia deeeptiva Blackmore.    Westholme, April 16th (Jack Sweeney).
Pseudohazis eglanterina Bdv.   Highland District, July 12th (G. A. Hardy).
Sphinx perelegans race vancouverensis Hy. Edw. Saltspring Island, July 20th (P. deNoe
Alypia ridingsi Grt.    Goldstream, June, 1924 (G. A. Hardy).    Another uncommon species.
Silk-moth (Telea polyphemus Cram.).    A7ictoria, June 10th (J. F. Mann).
Mourning Cloak (Vanessa antiopa L.). A7ictoria, November 24th (Miss M. Holmes). A
hibernating butterfly often aroused into activity by warm weather. Specimens of this species
were seen abroad on December 27th near Victoria.
Other Insects.
Thread-waisted Wasp, or Mud-dauber (Pelopw-us). Saltspring Island, June 30th (P. deNoe
AValker). The mud-cells of this wasp have been "dissected" and mounted to show the method
of its life, such as the storage of small spiders for the consumption of the larvae, cocoons, etc.
Rabbit Bot-fly (Cuterebra tcnebrosa Coq.). Mr. C. H. Curran, of Ottawa, kindly identified
this, adding that it is a rare insect. It was sent in by Dr. M. D. McEwen, of Hedley, B.C., on
August 31st.
A piece of Amphibole schist. Lost Creek, AM. (A. Jenkins). This bears radiating groups
of crystals of Tremolite, arranged in such a manner as to bear a striking resemblance to a fossil
plant, and hence is a good example of the term Pseudo-fossil or false fossil. Identified by
Rev. R. Connell.
Mould of Pecten sp. in sandstone.    Parksville, August 15th (G. M. Bernard).
Fossil Crab (Zamthopsis vulgaris Rathbun). Dr. Mary Rathbun has kindly determined this
fossil crab, which came from near Pachena Bay, Arancouver Island, near the north point of
entrance into the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Oligocene formation near the boundary between Sooke
and Carmanah formations. Dr. Rathbun adds that it was very abundant in North America
during that period. This has been in the possession of the Museum for some time, but has only
recently been identified.
Collection of fossils sent in by Mr. S. C. Burton, Kamloops, November 24th.
Leg-bone of a Mammoth (Elephas primigenius) from Chum Lake Road above Squilax. Sent
to the Department of Public AVorks by District Engineer Taylor, October. (For further details
see page 10.)
Section of Douglas Fir, showing inclusion of bark on an old scar, and demonstrating its
powers of recuperation.    Victoria, December 17th (H. AViffen).
Orb-weaver (Aranaria trifolia). Victoria (R. Lankester). A large handsome "garden
spider," several of which have from time to time been brought here for determination.
Marine Zoology, Anthropology, and Botany.
(See special report.) 16 Geo. 5
Provincial Museum Report.
C 37
PUBLICATIONS received from other institutions.
(Alphabetically arranged.)
Acadian Entomological Society, Nova Scotia   1
American Museum of Natural History, New York  4
Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii   1
Boston Society of Natural History  1
Bristol Museum and Art Gallery, England   1
British Association for the Advancement of Science  1
British Museum, London, England  2
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences  1
Buffalo Society of Arts and Sciences   1
Bureau of Science, Manila, P.I  1
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, Cal  14
California State Commission of Horticulture   1
California University, Berkeley, Cal  21
Charleston Museum, Charleston, S.C  1
Children's Museum of Boston, Mass  1
Cincinnati Museum Association, Ohio   1
City Art Museum, St. Louis, Mo  5
Cleveland Museum of Natural History, Ohio   8
Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y  3
Department of Public Works, Philadelphia, Pa  1
Dominion Government Publications, Ottawa   40
Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, 111  20
Grand Rapids Public Library, Mich  2
Instituto General Y. Tecnico de ATalencia  1
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, San Juan, P.R  7
John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111  1
Library of Congress, AVashington, D.C  1
Lloyd Library, Cincinnati, Ohio   7
Missouri Historical Society Collections  6
Museum of the American Indian Heye Foundation  1
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass  4
Nebraska State Museum and University, Lincoln, Neb  11
Newark Museum Association, Newark, N.J  2
New York State Museum, N.Y ]  1
New York Zoological Society, N.Y  9
Observatorio Astronomico Nacional de Tacubaya, Mexico   2
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster   7
Peabody Museum, Yale University   16
Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia, Pa  13
Province of British Columbia   4
Province of Ontario  2
Public Museum, Milwaukee, Wis  3
Puget Sound Biological Station, Seattle, Wash  33
Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto, Ont  1
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ont  1
San Diego Society of Natural History   2
Scripps Institution for Biological Research, La Jolla  2
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C  62
State College of Washington, Pullman, AVash  11
Staten Island Institute of Arts and Sciences  8
United States Department of Agriculture  7
University of Iowa  1
Carried forward   35S C 38
British Columbia.
Publications received from other Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward  358
University of Manitoba   6
University of Montreal   1
University of AVashington, Seattle, Wash  8
Vancouver City Museum  9
Wales National Museum, Cardiff, Wales   3
Zoological Society of Philadelphia   1
Total  3S6
Professor Charles Vancouver Piper, botanist, was born in Victoria, British Columbia, and
died at Washington, D.C, February 12th, 1926;   aged 58 years.
He was one of the greatest authorities on the flora of North America, a study of which he
had taken up in boyhood. When quite a youth he left Victoria and moved to the State of
Washington, just across the International Boundary, where he continued his research in the
study of botany and graduated from the University of Washington, afterwards taking a postgraduate course at Harvard University. He has published several very valuable works on botany
and since 1903 specialized on the grasses of North America. At the time of his death he was
Chief Agronomist in Charge of Forage Crop Investigations for the United States Department of
Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry, AVashington, D.C.
His passing is an inestimable loss to the Provincial Museum; the kindly interest and readiness with which he gave of his wide and expert knowledge in matters affecting the Herbarium
will ever be gratefully remembered by the present staff, while his signature under the many
specimens will remain as an ineffaceable tablet to his memory in the future.
F. K.
Printed by Charles F.  Banfielo, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
On page 26, Prov. Mus. Rep., and page 3, Reprint:
After T. depsarium var. Iiarrisi Lee. insert (Harris' Prionus).
On page 27, Prov. Mus. Rep., and page 4, Reprint:
Read macilenta for marcilerita.
On page 31, Prov. Mus. Rep., and page 8, Reprint:
A. litigiosa Csy.    After {Abies omit grandis).
On page 32, Prov. Mus. Rep., and page 9, Reprint:
Clytanthus pacifleus.   After Goldstream insert June 29th.
Clytus planifrons.    Omit On flowers.    Insert Breeds in Douglas Fir and Firs (Van Dyke).
Found in numbers on newly cut Douglas Fir tops.    Sidney, April and May  (W. H. A. P.).
On page 33, Prov. Mus. Rep., and page 10, Reprint:
Read Synaphoeta for Synaphaeta.


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