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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1927

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
OF
THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
FOR   THE
YEAR ENDED,DECEMBER 31st
1925
PRINTED BV
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chables P. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1»2C.  To His Honour Eobert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The Annual Eeport of the Department of Labour of the Province for the year
1925 is herewith respectfully submitted.
A. M. MANSON,
Minister of Labour.
Office of the Minister of Labour,
June, 1926. The Honourable A. M. Manson,
Minister of Labour.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith my eighth Annual Report on the
work of the Department of Labour up to December 31st, 1925.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. D. McNIVEN,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
Department of Labour,
Victoria, B.C., June, 1926. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of the Deputy Minister '.  7
Industrial  Progress  7
Minimum Wage Act for Male Employees  7
New   Legislation  S
The " Hours of Work Act "  10
Statistics of Trade and Industries  12
Increased Pay-roll for the Province  12
Ebb and Flow of Employment  15
Workers' Countries of Origin  17
Reduced Proportion  of Asiatics  17
Weekly Wages, 1925, compared with 1924  IS
Average Wage in Industries  19
Charts showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages, 191S to 1925 20, 21
Average Week's Wage in each Industry  20
Average Weekly Hours worked in Industry  22
Statistical Tables  23
Labour Disputes   37
Trouble with Chinese Seamen  37
Coal-miners' Bonus reduced  3S
Summary of Labour Disputes  39 '
Employment Service  41
Conditions during the Year  41
Chart showing Fluctuations during 1925  42
Harvest-labour for Prairie Provinces  44
The Service and the Fruit Industry  44
Employment for Disabled ex-Service Men  45
Inspection  of Factories  47
Accident-prevention    47
Report of Minimum Wage Board  49
Arrears of Wages collected  49
Cases taken to Court  49
Statistical Report   51
Marital  Status  56
Labour Turnover in each Group ." „  57
Summary of Orders :  59
Associations of Employers -  03
Union Directory   C5  REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF LABOUR
FOR 1925.
The eighth annual report of the Department of Labour, which covers the year 1925, deals
with a period of progress and general prosperity. The year was remarkably free from labour
disputes of a serious character, though there were a number of minor troubles requiring adjustment from time to time. The total amount of working-time lost by these disputes was 23,307
days, which compares very favourably with the 223,876 days lost in the previous year, and is,
indeed, a better showing than could be equalled during several previous years.
Industrial Progress.
Most of the industries carried on in the Province showed advancement. From the returns
made to the Department by 4,138 firms of employers, and a careful computation of the pay-roll
of other employers not included in such returns, it has been estimated that the salaries and
wages paid in connection with industrial operations in British Columbia last year totalled the
sum of $159,959,820.80, compared with $151,037,316.20 for 1924, or an increase of nearly
$9,000,000. This increase appears to have been fairly well distributed between the various
sections of the Province, though the gain recorded by our largest industry of lumbering would
no doubt have been much greater had it not been for the unusual amount of fire risk prevalent
during the summer months, which led to the suspension of many operations. The improvement
of this condition in the early fall brought in its train a revival of the industry, and, largely
owing to this, the month of October was the busiest period of the year for employment. This
alone would be sufficient to make 1925 a notable year industrially, as the apex of employment is
usually reached in July or August. The weekly wage-rates show a small average decrease, but
this is more than offset by the reduction in the average weekly working-hours, brought about
chiefly by the operation of the " Hours of Work Act" passed in 1923.
Administration of " Hours of Work Act."
The Act did not come into effect until January 1st, 1925, so that this is the first report in
which its results can be reviewed. Before the date of its coming into operation, however, the
Board had made an extensive survey of the position in the industries likely to be affected by the
Act. They found that, in order to give workers in general the benefit of this legislation, it was
necessary to permit a certain amount of latitude in regard to some occupations, and also to deal
with any extraordinary pressure upon business at certain periods. In this respect the experience
of our Province has been identical with that of a large number of other countries where eight-
hour legislation has been put into force. One important concession made in the lumber industry
was to allow mills in the Interior of the Province to work an extra hour daily in the working
period of the year, partly to offset the winter months, when employers are compelled by weather
conditions to close their plants. In all industries the percentage of workers affected by the
exemptions is believed not to exceed 10 per cent, of the total coming under the Act, approximately
70,000 in number.
Minimum Wage Act for Male Workers.
The most important measure affecting labour which was passed during the last session of
the Legislature was the " Male Minimum Wage Act." By this Act very wide powers are given to
the Board of Adjustment, the personnel of which is the same as the one previously appointed to
administer the " Hours of Work Act" passed in 1923. The Act applies to all occupations other
than farm-labourers, fruit-pickers, fruit-packers, fruit and vegetable canners, and domestic
servants. It is the duty, of the Board to ascertain the wages paid fo employees in the various
occupations and to fix a legal minimum wage. This is to be done, after inquiry, by the issue of
an order or orders. The minimum determined by such orders may vary according to different
conditions and times of employment; and in the case of any employee classified by the Board
as handicapped, or as part-time employees, or as apprentices, a permit may be issued authorizing
the payment of a wage less than the ordinary minimum wage. The Board is also enabled to
limit or define the number of employees to whom such lesser wage is payable by any employer. G 8 Department of Labour. 1925
Other sections of the Act provide for inspection and examination of books, and also for penalties
of fine or imprisonment in the case of violation of the Act. Moreover, any employee who is paid
less than the legal minimum wage to which he is entitled may recover from his employer, in a
civil action, the amount by which he has been underpaid, with costs of action.
Since the passing of the Act the members of the Board have been busily engaged in making
inquiries prior to bringing the measure into operation, and a large number of representations
have been received from persons interested, either as employers or employees, in the fixing of
a minimum wage. It was decided by the Board that the first order made under the Act should
be in relation to the lumbering industry, the largest single industry in the Province, in the
various branches of which about 40,000 persons are employed. Shortly before this report went
to press it was intimated by the Board that the order will fix the minimum wage in the industry
at 40 cents an hour, and will come into effect on November 1st, 1926.
Wage Minimum for Females.
We have now had several years' experience of the working of the Minimum' Wage Act for
Women, and in the past year the administration of this Act has proceeded on fairly well-settled
lines. Against a number of firms who had failed to comply with the law prosecutions were
taken, and in the majority of these cases convictions were entered. There are signs that one of
the chief difficulties in the way of the Minimum Wage Board is gradually being removed—that
female employees are showing more confidence in upholding their rights and in co-operating
with the Board to secure the full observance of the law. The tabulation of the wages of 13,899
women and girls shows an average gain of 33 cents weekly in the wages of adult and skilled
employees, and a proportionate gain in the pay of the minority who had not completed the
training necessary in their respective occupations. For the first time statistics have been
collected as to the marital status of wage-earning women in the Province. From these returns it
appears that 19 per cent, are married and 4 per cent, are widows.
Usefulness of the Employment Service.
The usefulness of the Employment Service in this Province is increasing, as is shown by the
fact that 10 per cent, more persons were placed in employment in 1925 than in the previous year.
The Service is now performing one of the functions formerly discharged by the Soldiers' Civil
Re-establishment Board—that of endeavouring to find employment for handicapped ex-service
men; and for this purpose special sections have been created in the Vancouver and Victoria
offices. Despite the difficulties inherent to the presence of a very large number of handicapped
men in this Province, a considerable amount of success has been obtained. The Vancouver office
wjas instrumental in securing 1,086 placements under this head and the Victoria office 804.
New Legislation.
In the last session of the Provincial Legislature several new laws were passed dealing with
subjects of special interest to working men and women. To one of these, the " Male Minimum
Wage Act," reference has already been made.
The situation resulting from the decision of the Privy Council, to the effect that the
Dominion Parliament, in passing the " Industrial Disputes Investigation Act" of 1907, had
entrenched upon the powers of the Provincial Legislatures, was dealt with, so far as the Province is concerned, by the passing of the " Industrial Disputes Investigation Act (British
Columbia)." By this measure the Dominion Act of 1907 is made to apply to "all disputes of
the nature therein defined which are within or subject to the exclusive legislative jurisdiction of
the Province." It is further provided that the Lieutenant-Governor may by Proclamation apply
the provisions of any amendment to the Act which may be enacted in future by the Parliament
of the Dominion.
The " Coal-mines Regulation Act Amendment Act" provides for the nominating and election
of checkweighers by miners who are paid according to the weight of coal produced.
The " Workmen's Compensation Act Amendment Act" makes an important change in respect
of the period for which compensation is payable to an injured workman. Under the terms of the
original Act a period of three days elapsed before an injured workman received any compensation, and where incapacity lasted for a longer period no compensation was payable for the first
three days.   The amending Act provides that, where the disability is of more than fourteen days' 16 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. G 9
duration, compensation shall be payable from the date of disability. When death results from
injury, the amount of compensation payable in respect of dependent children under 16 years of
age is increased from $12.50 to $15 per month, and the amount payable on the whole is increased
from $50 to $60. An additional sub-section provides for cases where there is no widow, or the
widow subsequently dies, and it seems desirable to continue the existing household to provide
for the children. In such cases the person acting as foster-mother will be entitled to receive,
until the children reach the age of 16 years, the same monthly payments of compensation for
herself and the children as if she were the widow of the deceased.
The " Barbers Act Amendment Act" has the effect of making the provisions of the measure
passed in 1924 non-applicable in unorganized districts, as well as in organized districts where
the population is less than 750. G 10 Department op Labour. 1S125
THE " HOURS OF WORK ACT."
Members of the Board of Adjustment:
J. D. McNiven, Chairman.
T. P. Paterson. P. V. Foster.
The Act, which was passed by the Legislature in December, 1923, came into effect on January
1st, 1925. Some two months before the latter date the members of the Board of Adjustment had
been appointed to carry out the administration of the new law, and to frame the various regulations which were called for by the terms of the Act.
A Difference in Climatic Conditions.
After a careful survey of data obtained from all quarters of the globe and a study of industrial conditions prevailing in British Columbia, the Board decided that, in order to make the
new law applicable to our industries, it was desirable to make use of the dscretionary powers
vested in them by sections 9 and 10 of the Act, in order to place the major proportion of workmen
affected on the basic eight-hour day. This was found to be a necessity on account of the vast
territory covered by the Act, involving great differences in climatic conditions. The latter range
from the mild climate of the Lower Mainland, where most operations can be carried on during
the entire year, to the severe winter conditions in the Interior, and particularly in the North,
where heavy snows and extreme cold prevail, forcing a suspension of operations during the
winter months. In dealing with mill operations in the lumber industry, it was therefore decided
to establish a boundary-line running north to south through the Province, and to place those
situate east and west of the Cascade Mountains on a different basis.
In the Coast section, extending the full length of the Province, the eight-hour day prevails,
with the exception of a small percentage of those employed who are affected by the regulations.
In the Northern and Southern Interior the lumber-milling concerns were allowed an extra hour
per day in order to place them on a more equitable basis with the Coast mills, and also with, the
mills of Western Alberta and Northern Saskatchewan, which have no restrictions placed on
hours of labour.
Where Exemptions have been granted.
Under regulations issued by the Board of Adjustment on March 17th, 1925, various industries were granted a certain amount of overtime which might be worked during each day or
month in order to take care of work which could not be anticipated and was not sufficient to
warrant any addition to the staff.
Total exemption was granted certain parts of logging operations, shipping of all kinds, and
repair-work in the metal industries. These exemptions were found necessary in order to prevent
serious interference with the operation of the industries mentioned and in the interest of both
employers and workers. A large number of these are situated at isolated points far removed
from labour-supply and are of an intermittent nature, while other classes of work, being of a
highly specialized character, necessitated overtime being worked, as in repair-work on ships and
other repair-shops doing like work.
In all cases in which exemptions were granted, either total or partial, the Board emphasized
that where additional hours of work were allowed by any of the regulations to cover certain
classes of workers, or special conditions as set out in the regulations, such additional hours
should apply only in respect of the classes of workers and the special conditions so set out, and
were not to be in any sense considered as part of the normal working-day.
A conservative estimate of the percentage of workers affected by the exceptions shows that
it does not exceed 10 per cent, of the total coming under the Act, approximately 70,000 in number.
It is a well-known fact that, where an eight-hour day has been established by agreement
between employers and labour organizations, provision is always made to take care of overtime
work of an urgent or unforeseen nature. The Board of Adjustment bas endeavoured, in dealing
with the various industries of the Province, to make the necessary allowances which are usually
conceded by the workmen themselves if they are dealt with as an organized body, and judging
by the small number of complaints received, mostly of a trivial nature, and the lack of criticism,
the Board believe that their efforts have been successful.   The eight-hour day certainly has not 16 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. G 11
had the dire effect predicted by some of its critics prior to its being put into effect, to which
expression was given in press comments in 1923, and in arguments submitted to the Cabinet
while this legislation was before the House.
More Efficient Methods.
Information received by the Department recently has proven that the eight-hour day has
actually been the cause of reducing cost of production in various industries. The reason for this
is that, in order to comply with the Act, a complete reorganization of systems was found necessary and more efficient methods have been worked ont. This reorganization has been accompanied in some cases by a very substantial decrease in the number of Orientals employed. While
it was formerly the policy of a large number of employers in the Province to bolster up production
by cheap labour and long hours, there is no doubt that the shorter day has tended gradually to
bring about improved methods. More up-to-date machinery is being installed, and it has been
found that, with the employment of a superior class of labour, it is possible to equal the production of the longer day.
Employers on the whole have shown a willingness to comply with the law, and a large
amount of educational work has been done by personal visits of members of the Board to practically all concerns operating in the Province. Many minor infractions have been brought to
attention and the remedy applied. In most cases these have been found to be the result of
misinterpretation of the Act or regulations. There have been several prosecutions for violations
of the Act, but Magistrates have not hitherto appeared to take a very serious view of such
offences, and only small penalties have been imposed in cases where convictions have been
obtained. G 12 Department of Labour. 1925
STATISTICS OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIES.
For the eighth year in succession the Department of Labour has collected from employers
of labour in the Province a large amount of detail which enables us better to understand the
conditions, the variety, the extent, and the progress of our industries. The last eight years have
been a period of marked advance in the industrial development of the Province, and the annual
stages of this development have been shown in the reports of this Department, which have also
noted the changes made from time to time in respect of workers' wages, hours of labour, the
nationality of persons employed in our industries, and the fluctuations of employment at different
periods of each year.
Information given by Employers.
The questionnaire covering these various features is sent out to employers at the beginning
of the year, and they are asked to make their returns not later than the end of January. This
request, we are pleased to say, has received courteous consideration from the large majority of
employers, but we regret that there have been a number who have been somewbat dilatory.
Recognizing to the full the desire which, most employers have shown to give us this information
promptly and accurately, and also the difficulties which prevent this from being done in some
cases, the Department has not desired to take extreme measures with delinquents. At the same
time, it should be understood that employers failing to comply with our request for returns,
within the period specified, are placing themselves in a serious position. These returns are
legally obligatory, and in order that there may be no misunderstanding, section 8 of the " Department of Labour Act " is here quoted:—
" Every person who for the space of one month after receipt of notice to furnish information
required under any of the provisions of this Act neglects or refuses to furnish the same shall
be liable, on summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding one hundred dollars, and every
person who furnishes information required under this Act, knowing it to be false, shall be liable
to a like penalty."
Returns from over 4,000 Firms.
With this reminder before them, it is hoped that the firms who this year did not send in.
their returns until a second or even a third application had been made for them will come forward more promptly on the nest occasion. This year the number of returns received is 4,138,
which is a very satisfactory increase over the total of 3,566 received for 1924. Every year since
the Department came into existence has witnessed an increase. In our first year, 1918, there
were 1,047 returns received. For 1919 there were 1,207, and in the following years there were
1,869 for 1920, 2,275 for 1921, 2,809 for 1922, 3,375 for 1923, and 3,566 for 1924, the increase having
been more marked in some years than others, but always in evidence. The Department has
endeavoured to improve its methods for securing the most complete return possible each year,
and the result is partly indicated in the above figures; but no doubt they express chiefly the
progressive increase in the number of industrial establishments in the Province.
The form of the questionnaire sent out this year was somewhat different from those of
previous years, as new inquiries were introduced with a view to providing data which would
throw light upon the working of the " Hours of Work Act," and which would give information
as to current wages for particular occupations. This information does not appear in the
appended tables, but will be given due consideration by the Board appointed to administer the
new " Minimum Wage Act " for male workers.
Increased Pay-roll for the Province.
The amount paid out in salaries and wages by the 4,138 firms last year was $115,943,238.60.
In 1924 the sum of $107,798,771.36 was paid by 3,566 firms, and in 1923 the 3,375 firms sending in
their figures paid out $106,796,958.96. The amount paid to officers, superintendents, and managers
last year was $10,625,939.13, which represents an increase, as compared with the corresponding
amount for 1924, of nearly 9 per cent. For clerks, stenographers, and salesmen the amount paid
was $9,696,598.40, an increase of $761,867.59 over the previous year, or about 8% per cent more. 16 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. G 13
Wage-earners received a total of $95,620,701.07, which is $6,505,770.69 more than the previous
year's figure, the increase being equivalent to 7.30 per cent. Thus we see a continuation of a
tendency which was noted last year, of payments for managerial and clerical help to increase in
greater ratio than disbursements for services of a purely industrial character. This may be a
sign that the business side of industry is becoming more highly organized; but it is undoubtedly
to be attributed partly to the fact that the scale of wages in certain important industries has
fallen—a matter which will be referred to later.
Taking the total payments for salaries and wages in 1925, we find that 9.17 per cent, went
' for officers, superintendents, and managers; 8.36 per cent, for clerks, stenographers, and salesmen ; and 82.47 per cent, for wage-earners. The comparative proportions in the previous year
were 9.04 per cent., 8.29 per cent., and 82.67 per cent. It may be observed, in relation to these
figures, that many of the new returns received this year were from small firms in which the
amounts entered as paid to managers and superintendents are often received by the principals
or working partners.
Supplementary Pay-roll.
It may be well at this stage to give a reminder that the figures above-mentioned do not
represent the total industrial pay-roll of the Province, and that there are certain other amounts
which ought to be included in seeking to arrive at a comprehensive total. Our final tabulation
of 4,138 returns gave a total pay-roll of $115,943,23S;60, but between the time of making the
tabulation and the time of sending this report to the press other returns came to hand which
accounted for a further pay-roll of $4,351,746.62. There are also a number of firms, engaged in
industries coming within the scope of our inquiry, from whom no returns have been received;
and it seems a fair estimate that the pay-roll of these firms would amount to another $5,000,000.
This brings up the total to $125,294,415.22 for salaries and wages in the purely industrial operations embraced by our inquiry.
Outside these operations are the transcontinental railways, with an ascertained pay-roll
within the Province of $13,303,835.58. Employees of the Dominion and Provincial Governments
include a large number whose work is industrial or semi-industrial in character, and for these
we have allowed the sum of $5,000,000. Wholesale and retail firms, who are not asked to make
returns to the Department, are estimated to have a pay-roll of $3,500,000; and there is another
group comprising express companies and ocean steamship services, the latter having a large
number of employees whose homes are in the Province. The amount set down for wages in this
group is $7,000,000. Beyond these we should also take account of a number of semi-industrial
occupations, to which the general terms of our questionnaire can hardly be said to apply. These
include delivery, cartage and teaming, warehousing, butchers, moving-picture operators, coal and
wood yards, and auto transportation, with a collective pay-roll estimated at $4,500,000. Other
miscellaneous industrial activities, which cannot be classified under any of the above heads, were
responsible for a wage payment of $1,361,000.
Taking a comprehensive survey of the industrial pay-roll of the Province, we therefore
obtain the following summary :—
Pay-roll of 4,138 firms making returns to Department of Labour  $115,943,238 60
Returns received too late to be included in above   4,351,746 62
Employers in occupations included in Department's inquiry, not sending
in returns—estimated pay-roll   5,000,000 00
Transcontinental Railways  13,303,835 58
Dominion and Provincial Government workers   5,000,000 00
Wholesale and retail firms   3,500,000 00
Delivery,   cartage   and   teaming,   warehousing,   butchers,   moving-picture
operators, coal and wood yards, and auto transportation   4,500,0001 OO
Ocean services and express companies  =  7,000,000 00
Miscellaneous  .*  1,361,000 00
Total   $159,959,820 80
Proportions foe Different Areas.
Last year, for the first time, the returns were segregated according to the areas in which
the respective firms were carrying on their operations. The same plan has again been followed,
and an equitable division has also been made of the totals given in the preceding paragraphs. G 14 Department of Labour. 1925
The result of these calculations shows that 35.05 per cent, of our industrial pay-roll is located
in Greater Vancouver, as compared with 36.05 per cent, in 1924, Greater Vancouver having been
taken for this purpose to include the City of Vancouver, North Vancouver, South Vancouver,
West Vancouver, Point Grey, and Burnaby. The rest of the Mainland, with which also are
grouped the Queen Charlottes and the Northern Islands, has 45.93 per cent., compared with
45.02 per cent, in 1924; and Vancouver Island, taking in also the Gulf Islands, has 19.02 per
cent., as against 18.93 per cent, in 1924. In accordance with these divisions, the estimated industrial pay-roll of the Province for the past two years may be given as follows:—
1924. 1925
Greater Vancouver   $ 54,449,747 95 $ 56,065,917 19
Rest of Mainland        67,992,347 26 73,469,545 69
Vancouver Island       28,595,220 99 30,424,357 92
Totals    $151,037,316 20 $159,959,820 80
The 4,138 returns received are divided into twenty-five groups, of which eighteen show an
increased pay-roll over that of 1924, the increases amounting to $8,801,981.26 for the year. The
remaining seven groups show a decreased pay-roll, the reductions amounting to $657,515.02; so
that there is a net increase for the twenty-five groups of $8,144,466.24.
Where an Increase is shown.
This increase is fairly well distributed among most of the different branches of industry,
and, without indicating a boom in any particular line, it shows a very satisfactory advance in
the industrial activities of the Province. In building and contracting the year has been referred
to as the best since pre-war times, and, indeed, was hardly surpassed in any one year in the
hectic period between 1909 and 1912. It is therefore not surprising that the figures for this
industry went up by well over a million, and that the extra demand for builders' materials also
sent up the pay-roll there. All kinds of workers seem to have shared in this advance—the provision, of new residences, bridge and dock building, industrial establishments, and, in the City
of Vancouver, important extensions to stores, the general impression being that these operations
were not so much in the nature of anticipating an expected demand as of meeting one that had
already made itself felt. Coast shipping, true to its record for several years past, again increased its pay-roll for the year, this time by more than a quarter of a million. In the manufacture of food products the Province again made a notable advance in its wage-list, the total
rising by $1,349,034.13, of which the operations of cereal-milling, creameries and dairies, fish and
fruit canneries, bakeries, jam-making, and packing-houses all seem to have had their share. This
is full of encouragement, suggesting, as it does, that we are getting on well with the business of
converting into terms of wealth and wages the products of our own Province. The lumber
industries paid out in wages $676,385.79 more than in 1924, and this figure would doubtless have
been much higher but for the slackening of logging operations in the summer months, caused by
the abnormally high risk of fire. Metal-mining had an excellent year, with nearly three-quarters
of a million more going out in wages, and an even better increase was recorded by the kindred
industry of smelting. Most of this additional activity was in the Southern Interior, though there
has been much talk of the expected greater development of producing areas in the North. That
more of British Columbia's timber products are going to their customers in a finished state is
the meaning of an increase of $2S4,055.54 in the wood-manufacture group, which comprises sashes
and doors, ply-wood, boxes, etc. The greater call for public services, necessitated by a larger
volume of business and an increased population, has brought about an increase of over a million
dollars in the pay-roll of the group comprising street-railways, gas, water, electricity, etc. So
also we note a substantial increase in the wage payments for printing, laundries, oil-refining, etc.
The moderate increase of $32,159.28 in the pay-roll for breweries does not suggest any great
increase in the consumption of beer, following the introduction, during the year, of open sale in
many parts of the Province.
Industries which show a Reduction.
Two of the principal industries which show a decreased pay-roll are coal-mining and the
manufacture of explosives and chemicals. The former has been going through a very critical
period, one sign of which has been the acceptance of reductions of wages by the miners in the 16 Geo. 5
Eeport op the Deputy Minister.
G 15
two chief producing areas of the Province. The effect of this has been more constant employment
and some increase in its volume, but a slight falling-off in the amount paid in wages. The explosives and chemicals industry also witnessed a period of change, and the virtual closing-down
of one establishment, to which a reduced pay-roll is, in all probability, mainly due. Ship building
and repairing, an industry very subject to fluctuations, also came below the 1924 total by nearly
a quarter of a million; while other small reductions were shown in the manufacture of jewellery,
paint, cigars, and leather and fur goods.
A comparison of the pay-roll in the various industries for the past three years is given in
the following table :—
Industry.
1923.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
1924.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
1925.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total
Pay-roll.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing—
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting ,	
Explosives and chemicals	
Pood products	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Manufacturing jewellery	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods
Lumber industries 	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining....   	
Miscellaneous	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing 	
Pulp and paper mills	
Ship-building	
Smelting   	
Street-railways, etc	
Manufacturing wood (N.E.S.)	
Totals	
55
7
20
102
797
22
309
TO
38
14
61
46
922
378
161
54
7
13
99
11
30
4
73
56
564
1,192,
61.
9,460,
5,079,
11,000.
481,
7,141.
753.
479,
263.
1,117,
430,
35,268,
3,970,
6,173,
1,217,
558,
226,
2,690,
4,819,
1,176,
3,782,
7,406,
1,478,
,388 96
,471 64
,459 91
.416 63
,427 44
,574 14
,796 19
,380 55
,114 63
463 89
,878 84
436 19
.515 84
,880 16
987 58
426 26
,799 49
634 77
589 17
755 12
791 77
806 25
253 88
183 20
536 43
26
56
7
22
131
855
24
331
62
40
13
64
46
904
465
162
72
5
11
96
10
30
3
69
59
574
1,251,
65.
. 7,599.
6,480,
12,270.
790,
7,760,
692,
503,
254,
1,154,
420.
31,339
5,646
7,102
1,463
492
226
2,636,
3,981,
1,436,
4,213,
7,794,
1,645,
,933 86
102 23
159 24
643 78
990 92
425 17
926 46
664 62
802 47
972 11
729 38
546 69
517 74
445 11
298 18
374 33
132 65
761 90
368 42
049 66
623 11
102 46
469 30
865 55
866 82
27
55
6
21
144
982
19
378
79
43
10
84
54
990
522
215
145
8
12
104
11
35
4
101
89
607,
1,390,
57,
7,475,
6,736,
13,343,
564,
0,110,
703,
515,
220,
1,363,
413,
32,015,
5,849,
7,829,
2,715,
774,
192,
2,910,
3,989,
1,212,
5,037,
8,984.
1,929
,093 14
309 48
085 07
214 61
972 71
560 02
630 16
298 75
383 97
105 29
705 69
415 91
277 52
830 90
903 31
541 92
462 40
587 52
648 70
339 76
546 96
370 71
966 16
065 58
922 36
3,3751 $106,796,958 96
3,566
$107,798,771  36
4,138
$115,943,238 60
Ebb and Flow of Employment.
The ebb and flow of employment figures for the year are shown in the table giving the
average number of wage-earners for each month. Compared with, the corresponding figures for
other years, this table presents one unusual feature. Normally the maximum of employment is
reached in the height of summer; thus, in three of the last seven years, July has shown the
highest figures, and in three years August; but for the past year the largest amount of employment was recorded in October. Taking male and female workers together, our returns show
65,313 industrial workers for January. From then forward, every month gave a higher total
until October, in which month there were 78,065 male and 5,057 female employees, a total of
83,122. November and December each witnessed the customary drop, the total for the latter
month being 70,624. The number working in these industries at the end of the year was therefore 5,311 more than at the beginning. This reflects the gradual improvement of business dnring
the twelve months. Of the twenty-five groups of industries, no fewer than twenty-two saw the
peak of employment during the second half of the year, two of them in July, three in August,
six in September, five in October, three in November, and three in December. In the previous
year the peak of employment was seen in twelve industries in the first half of the year and in
thirteen in the second half. G 16
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1925
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CO ^ 16 Geo. 5 Eeport op the Deputy Minister. G 17
A Fluctuation in Lumbering.
As already mentioned, the lumbering industry was seriously affected by fire risks during the
summer months, and after opening the season well with 26,486 employees in May, there was a
falling-off in the next few months, with the number reduced to 24,075 in August. Then in
October came an excellent recovery, the figure for May being slightly eclipsed with a total of
26,584. Contracting, which had its peak month in August, also kept up fairly well to the end
of the year, closing with 8,011 employees in December, compared with 6,430 in January, though
this improvement may be partly the result of an unusually mild winter. A marked improvement
in capacity to absorb labour was shown towards the end of the year by the oil-refining industry,
and mining, both coal and metal, and Coast shipping were also among the Important industries
which finished the year better than they began. In October and the following months matters
were very brisk on the water-front at Vancouver, with the loading of grain for export.
Workers' Countries of Origin.
In the tables headed " Nationality of Employees " are shown the countries of origin of the
workers in our industries. We are, of course, dealing with larger totals this year than in any
previous year, and most of the nationalities show an increase; but such increase is relatively
larger in some cases than in others, while in a few instances there is a reduction of numbers, so
that the proportions of the various races are somewhat changed. Native Canadians and natives
of the United Kingdom make the largest contributions to our industrial population, the former
being rather more and the latter rather less than one-third of the total. While the actual
number in each case was increased in 1925 as compared with 1924—Canadians from 36,933 to
39,033 and British from 31,527 to 33,601—there are slight proportionate decreases in both cases,
with the Canadians from 36.42 to 35.68 per cent., and with the British from 31.42 to 31.15 per
cent. Adding to these the smaller number of natives of the United States and Australia, we find
that English-speaking countries supplied 70.85 per cent, of our labour in 1925, compared with
72.33 per cent, in 1924 and 69.61 per cent, in 1923. The slight falling-off for the year suggests
that, in a time of industrial expansion, the increased demand for labour has only been partly
met by supplies from British stock, but the change is so slight that it does not seem Worth while
to accentuate any general conclusions along this line.
Reduced Proportion  of Asiatics.
The proportion of Asiatic workers in our industries also-shows a decrease, and the 11.30
per cent, of Orientals is the smallest percentage recorded in any year since 1918, when the compilation of these returns was begun. In that year 20.37 per cent, of our industrial workers were
of Asiatic origin. In the following year the percentage fell to 18.35, in 1920 to 16.64, and in later
years it was 14.45 in 1921, 14.61 in 1922, 13.85 in 1923, 11.97 in 1924, and now 11.30. It is an odd
circumstance that, while the Chinese in our industries have increased their numbers and kept
up their proportion, both the Japanese and the Hindus are a smaller factor than in 1924. From
this it would appear that, while there is a reserve of Chinese labour in the Province which can
be drawn upon when times are busy, the Japanese and Hindus are not in a position to respond
so readily to a demand for extra help.
More European Workers.
A somewhat unexpected feature disclosed by the analysis of these figures is the increase in
the number of workers from the Continent of Europe. In recent years this had been rather a
declining element in our industrial population, but last year it made a recovery, from 14.56 per
cent, in 1924 to 15.91 per cent, in 1925. This increase is not divided evenly between the various
. countries. While greater numbers are accounted for of Scandinavians, Russians, Austrians, and
Germans, there is a decline in the totals of Italians and French. Our new supply of industrial
workers, so far as the foreign element is concerned, is therefore coming from Northern Europe,
and particularly from the Scandinavian countries, the inhabitants of which are known to be
amongst the most adaptable to climatic and industrial conditions in this Province.. G 18
Department of Labour.
1925
Dividing our industrial workers into groups as above referred to, the proportions for the
last three years are as follows:—
1923.
1924.
1925.
Per Cent.
69.61
15.45
13.85
1.09
Per Cent.
72.33
14.56
11.97
1.14
Per Cent.
70. 85
15.91
11.30
1.94
100.00
100.00
100.00
Changes in Diffebent Industeies.
The returns show a larger number of workers of Canadian than of British birth in lumbering, breweries, contracting, explosives and chemicals, manufacture of food products, metal
trades, metal-mining, paint-manufacture, printing and publishing, pulp and paper manufacturing,
and manufacture of wood (N.E.S.). On the other hand, the industries in which the worker from
Great Britain fills the largest place are builders' materials, cigar and tobacco manufacturing, coalmining, Coast shipping, garment-making, house-furnishing, jewellery-manufacturing, laundries,
cleaning and dyeing, manufacturing leather and fur goods, oil-refining, ship-building, smelting,
public utilities, and the miscellaneous group. There is evidently a good deal of movement going on
in the proportions for the various industries. Thus, the percentage of native Canadians engaged in
the lumbering industry fell last year from 38.67 to 34.60, and the percentage of British rose from
14.50 to 16.73. An opposite movement was going on in Coast shipping and contracting. In the
former industry the number of native Canadians increased from 1,656 to 2,790, and that of
British fell from 3,855 to 3,477. In contracting also the Canadian total rose from 5,684 to 5,865,
and the British total fell from 5,864 to 5,381.
The total of Scandinavian workers increased from 6,391 to S,473, this increase being most
conspicuous in the industries of lumbering, contracting, metal trades, metal-mining, and oil-
refining. Lumbering employed more Chinese and fewer Hindus, as also did the manufacture of
food products, the miscellaneous group also showing a larger number of Chinese employed. The
lower percentage of Japanese employees was chiefly accounted for in the manufacture of explosives and chemicals, food products, and the metal trades, little variation from the previous
year being witnessed in the lumbering industry. The latter, which employed 22.34 per cent, of
Asiatics in 1923 and 21.78 per cent, in 1924, reduced the proportion to 20.46 per cent, last year.
This proportion differed greatly in the various branches of the industry. Thus, logging had 7.53
per cent.; sawmills, 33.73 per cent.; planing-miils, 36.85 per cent.; and shingle-mills, 46.S9
per cent.
Weekly Wages, 1925, compareo with 1924.
The weekly increases and decreases in wages are shown in the following tabl
Decrease.
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing..
$0.90
Increase.
Breweries	
Builders' materials  68
Contracting 35
Pood products, manufacturing of 31
Garment-making 72
Jewellery,  manufacture of     3.80
Manufacturing leather and fur goods      .24
Metal trades     1.76
Metal-mining  97
Ship-building  93
Smelting  .., 61
Wood, manufacture of (N.E.S.)     1.37
..10
Coal-mining   -     5.21
Coast shipping        1.38
Explosives and chemicals  -     3.51
House-furnishing  19
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing 40
Lumber  industries ,        .75
Miscellaneous trades and industries       .47
Oil-refining       1.67
Paint-manufacture          2.69
Printing and  publishing  .-.      1.91
Pulp and paper manufacturing 31
Street-railways,  gas,  water,  power,
etc     2.15
A comparison of average weekly wages for the past year should properly be made in conjunction with a comparison of weekly working-hours for the two years. As a result of the
operation of the " Hours of Work Act," there was a notable decline in the average working-week, 16 Geo. 5 Eeport op the Deputy Minister. G 19
and weekly wages have shown a tendency to fall in sympathy, though not to anything like the
same extent. No doubt, if the wages had been calculated on an hourly instead of a weekly basis,
1925 would show an advance compared with 1924. As it is, the wages in twelve groups show an
average increase, and in the other thirteen an average decrease. Only male workers over 18
years of age are included iu this calculation, as the wages of female workers are dealt with in
another section of the report.
Most of the -workers who received higher weekly wages than in 1924 fall into two general
groups, the building and contracting group and the metal trades and metal-mining, both of
which were busy during the year. Among the smaller industries a substantial advance came to
jewellery-workers, and wages were inclined upwards in ship-building and in the miscellaneous
manufacture of wood products.
Kesult op Reductions shown.
In the two principal coal-mining areas of the Province wages have twice been reduced in
recent years, which explains the fact that in this industry the weekly pay generally was $5.21
less in 1925 than in 1924, though coal-mining is still one of the half-dozen industries in which
the average wage is more than $30 a week. Another industry to suffer a substantial reduction
was that of explosives and chemicals, the change apparently having been incidental to a reconstruction which went on during the year. Several other industries show a fall in the average
weekly wage, foe which no special reason can be assigned other than the reduction in the
number of working-hours.
While our figures for adult male wage-earners account for an increase this year of 7.83 per
cent, in the number of workers covered by our returns, this inor/ease does not appear to have
been distributed equally among the different grades of workers. Of the lower-paid class receiving under $18 per week, or less than $3 a day, the numbers showed an increase of over 19 per
cent.; while the workers receiving medium rates of pay, ranging from $18 to $30 a week, or
from $3 to $5 daily, added to their previous year's numbers by 11% per cent. However, the
number' of more highly-paid workers receiving upwards of $30 a week shows a reduction compared with 1924 of nearly 3 per cent. Especially is this falling-off noticeable with the highest
paid of all, those receiving $50 a week and over. Of these there were 3,505 in 1924 and only
2,067 in 1925. For this contrast coal-mining is mainly responsible, as that industry last year had
only 167 workers receiving $50 a week and over, compared with 1,273 in 1924. In the manufacture of food products there were only 89 compared with 397, in contracting 240 compared with
393, and in the manufacture of explosives and chemicals only 1 as against 22.
The changes in the prevailing industrial wages in the Province during the past eight years
are shown in the diagram on pages 20 and 21.
Average Wage in Industries.
In making a comparison with the wages prevalent in previous years, the average wage of
adult males in each industry has been worked out on the basis of the classified weekly wage-
uates. The same plan has been followed as in previous years. Employers are asked in our questionnaire to give the number of wage-earners within specified limits, but are not asked to give
exact figures. The 8,219 wage-earners receiving " $24 to $24.99 weekly" would therefore, no
doubt, include some receiving $24, some $24.25, some $24.50, some $24.75, etc.; while the 12,664
who received " $30 to $34.99 weekly" would be made up, in unknown proportions, of those
receiving $30, $31, $32, $33, $34, etc. For the purpose of making an average it has been assumed,
whetrje steps of $1 were given in our table, that " $24 to $24.99," for example, meant $24.50; and,
where steps of $5 were given, that " $30 to $34.99," for example, meant $32. Lest these assumptions should be thought to eTr on the side of generosity, " $50 and over " was taken in all cases
to mean $50 only.
This same method of computation has been adopted for each of the years mentioned in the
table on pages 20 and 21, so that the comparisons may be accepted as entirely fair. G 20
Department op Labour.
1925
Chart showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages.
30J!
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Average Full Week's Wages in each Industry (Adult Males only).
Industry.
1919-20.
1921.
19S
2.
1923.
1924.
1925.
Breweries... :.   	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacture	
$28  27
31 65
32 48
37  64
26 81
31  61
31 53
29 72
36 14
28  79
34 20
28 42
28 81
32 47
31 14
35 96
28  24
28 52
27 23
35 97
35 18
28 11
36 44
32.81
27 46
$28
28
23
32
28
28
26
.25
29
26
33
27
29
24
30
32
28
35
24
36
25
29
31
29
23
67
82
97
83
45
82
34
67
38
00
54
32
85
70
33
00
40
73
14
30
41
87
98
55
48
$26
25
25
35
25
28
26
27
27
24
30
26
26
25
27
30
25
32
21
36
25
25
29
30
23
62
61
30
96
43
06
13
30
28
23
90
11
67
29
73
97
91
63
79
23
88
55
91
41
12
$26
26
23
36
28
28
26
25
29
24
32
25
26
25
28
32
25
32
23
38
27
25
34
29
23
55
83
32
96
36
31
63
61
85
74
65
07
73
92
04
21
83
71
13
09
90
88
16
42
33
$26
26
24
35
29
27
26
25
28
25
31
25
26
26
26
31
25
33
24
39
27
26
35
29
22
51
10
07
73
59
98
86
94
38
53
26
7'0
44
15
37
84
85
06
69
52
60
79
14
84
55
$27  41
26 78
22 97
30 52
28 21
28 23
23 35
26 25
29 10
House-furnishing ....
Jewellery, manufacture of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods.
25 34
35  06
25 30
26 68
25 40
28 13
32 81
Miscellaneous trades and industries....
25  38
31 39
22 00
37 61
Pulp and paper manufacturing 	
27 38
27 72
35 75
Street-railways,   gas,   water,   power.
27 69
Manufacturing of wood  (N.E.S.)	
23 92 16 Geo. 5                         Eeport op the Deputy Minister.                                   G 21
Chabt showing Fluctuation in Industrial Wages—Continued.
192 2
1923
1924-
1925
30%
25%
15%
IO%
5%.
•
1
1
1 1
1
1
1
1   1
1 1
1
1
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The averag
of the greatest
in many cases
On the other h
was being worl
By pooling
numbers emplo;
es are calculated from figures supplied by each firm for the week of employment
number, and represent the pay for a full week's work.    Actual weekly earnings
it certain periods of the year would be lower owing to stoppages or broken time.
and, many employees would receive larger amounts on occasions when overtime
£ed.
the figures for all the above industries, and taking into account the respective
'ed in them, we have been able to strike a general average wage for each year:—
Average Industrial Weekly Wage far all Adult Male Wage-earners
as computed from Returns.
101R                                                                            $27 97
191!
1921
1Q9"
!9  11
il 51
27 62
27 29
28 05
28 39
)                             ,
I                                :	
192
2	
1Q.9
192'
109!
. 27 82
The reduction by a little over 2 per cent, of the average weekly wage is more than offset by a'
reduction of over 4 per cent, in the duration of the average working-week.    The general average
of working-hours during 1925 was 48.26 weekly, which compares favourably with 50.59 during
1024 and 51.46 in 1923.    The working-hours of various occupations range from 43.94 in the
manufacture of jewellery to 53.59 in smelting.    The latter industry, being a.continuous process,
does not come under the provisions of the " Hours of Work Act," though its average working-
week is two hours less than in 1924.   The effects of the " Hours of Work Act" are seen chiefly
- G 22
Department op Labour.
1925
in the different branches of the lumbering industry, the average working-hours, as shown by the
returns sent in, having been reduced in some cases by as much as seven per week. . There is also
a reduction of nearly five hours a week in the working-hours of pulp and paper mills, four hours
weekly in the builders' materials group, over five hours in Coast shipping, and two and a half
hours in the contracting group.
The following table shows the hours of work prevailing in the various industries for the
past three years :—
Average Weekly Working-hours in each Industry.
Industry.
1923
1924.
1925.
Breweries	
Builders'  materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing 	
Coal-mining 	
Coast shipping 	
Contracting  	
Explosives, chemicals, etc	
Food products, manufacturing of 	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing  	
Jewellery, manufacture of 	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods
Lumbering-
Logging 	
Logging-railways	
Mixed  plants	
Lumber-dealers	
Planing-mills 	
Sawmills  	
Shingle-mills	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining 	
Miscellaneous trades and industries ..
Oil-refining   	
Paint-manufacturing	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing 	
Ship-building   	
Smelting 	
Street-railways, gas, water, etc.	
Wood, manufacture of (N.E.S.)  	
49.16
49.04
48.37
53.22     .
51.51
47.52
44.32
44.26
44.57
47.84
47.95
46.01
57.35
56.76
51.31
48.98
47.72
45.31
49.88
52.44
53.41
53.90
53.67
50.31
45.34
45.12
45.57
45.52
46.01
46.76
44.51
43.65
43.04
48.29
46.66
46.49
48.19
47.88
47.27
50.86
50.79
48.84
53.77
52.01
49.23
55.07
54,01
50.69
53.76
52.29
46.27
55.10
55.58
50.69
55.46
54.05
49.52
55.49
55.44
48.39
46.23
44.36
45.57
53.92
53.12
53.36
49.38
48.79
47.89
48.69
47.97
47.97
44.43
44.63
44.67
45.30
45.90
45.29
54.72
53.24
48.40
44.07
44.73
44.98
55.86
55.95
53.59
47.31
46.12
46.01
50.46
48.90
46.87
Firms with a Large Pay-roll.
The industrial firms in the Province whose returns to this Department show a pay-roll of
over $100,000 have been numbered each year since 1921, in which year the total was 118. In the
following year the number increased to 164, in 1923 to 200, and in 1924 it fell to 190, at which
figure it has remained for 1925. Eleven of these firms had each a pay-roll of over $1,000,000, two
of them being between $2,000,000 and $3,000,000, and two over $3,000,000. This list does not
include any public authorities, Dominion, Provincial, or municipal; neither does it take account
of transcontinental railways, wholesale and retail merchants, or deep-sea shipping. Lumbering
takes the first place with 89 firms, or 3 fewer than in 1924; and 17 are in the food products
group, 14 in contracting, 12 in coal-mining, 11 in Coast shipping, 9 in metal-mining, 7 in the public
utilities group, 6 in the metal trades group, 5 in printing and publishing, 4 each in ship-building
and pulp and paper manufacturing, 3 in the builders' materials group, 2 each in laundries,
oil-refining, smelting, and the manufacture of wood (N.E.S.), and 1 each in breweries, the
manufacture of explosives, garment-making, house-furnishing, jewellery-manufacturing, paint-
manufacturing, and the miscellaneous group. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 23
Table No.  1.
CONTENTS OF TABLES.
With regard to the tables immediately following, the general
headings of such tables are given hereunder and the trades inch*
ded under each heading:—
No. 1. Breweries.— Under this heading are tabulated mineral
water manufacturers and breweries.
No. 2. Builders' Material, etc.—Includes manufacturers of
brick, cut stone, Portland cement, lime, tiles, and firebrick ;
also stone-quarries and dealers; in sand, gravel, and crushed
rock.
No. 3. Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing.—Comprises only
these trades.
No. 4. Goal-mining.—This group contains also the operation of
coke-ovens and coal-shipping docks.
No. 5. Coast Skipping.—Includes the operation of passenger
and freight steamships, stevedoring, tug-boats (both general
and towing logs), and river navigation, but does not include
the operation of vessels in the offshore trade.
No. 6. Contracting. — Here are grouped building trades, painting and paper-hanging, plumbing and heating, and sheet-
metal works ; also contractors for industrial plants, structural-steel fabricating, railway-fencing, sewers, pipes and
valves, dredging, pile-driving, wharves, bridges, rooting,
and automatic sprinklers. Firms making return as building
contractors, constructors of dry-kilns, refuse-burners, mills,
brick-furnaces, electrical contractors, hardwood and sanitary floor-layers, and bricklayers.
No. 7. Explosives, Chemicals, etc. — Includes the manufacture
of these commodities, also the manufacture of fertilizers.
No. 8. Food Products, Manufacture of.—This table includes
bakeries, biscuit-manufacturers, cereal-milling, creameries
and dairies, fish, fruit and vegetable canneries, packinghouses, curers of ham and bacon, blending of teas; also
manufacturers of candy, macaroni, syrup, jams, pickles,
sauces, coffee, catsup, and spices.
No. 9. Garment-making.—Includes tailoring, the manufacture
of buttons, pleating, embroidery, etc., jute and cotton goods,
shirts, overalls, knitted goods, millinery and ladies' outfitting.
No. 10. House Furnishings.—Comprises firms engaged in the
manufacture of furniture, beds and bedding, springs and
mattresses, upholstering, and carpet and linoleum laying.
No. 11. Jewellery, Manufacture of'.—Includes the repair as well
as manufacturing of jewellery and watches and optical
instruments (where same is carried on in a factory).
No. 12. Laundries, Cleaning, and Dyeing.—Includes these industries onl}r.
No. 13. Leather and Fur Goods, Manufacture of.—Comprises
manufacturers of boots, shoes, gloves, harness, trunks, and
leather Indian novelties; also furriers and hide and wool
dealers.
No. 14. Lumber Industries.—In this group are included logging, logging-railways, planing-mills, sawmills, shingle-mills,
and lumber-dealers.
No. 15. Metal Trades.—-This group includes marine blacksmith-
ing, oxy-acetylene welding, boiler-making, iron and brass
foundries, garages, vulcanizing, machine and pattern shops,
galvanizing and electroplating; also manufacturers of
handsaws, nuts and bolts, pumps, marine engines, mill
machinery, and repairs to same.
No. 16. Metal-mining.—Includes all metalliferous mining.
No. 17. Miscellaneous Trades and Industries.—Here are
grouped returns from trades which are not numerous
enough to warrant special categories. They include manufacturers of soap, sails, tents, awning, brooms, paper boxes,
and tin containers ; also cold storage.
No. 18. Oil-refining.—Includes also the manufacture of fish-oil.
No. 19. Paint-manufacturing.—Includes also white-lead corro-
ders and varnish-manufacturers.
No. 20. Printing and Publishing.—This table includes the
printing and publishing of newspapers, job-printing, paper-
ruling, bookbinding, engraving and embossing, blue-printing, lithographing, draughting and map-publishing, and the
manufacture of rubber and metal stamps.
No. 21. Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.—Comprises only
firms engaged in that industry.
No. 22. Ship-building.— Comprises both wooden- and steel-ship
building and repairing, also construction and repair of small
craft, and salvage.
No. 23. Smelting.— Comprises firms engaged exclusively in that
industry.
No. 24. Street-railways, Gas, Water, Power, etc.— This group
comprises generating and distribution of light and power,
manufacture of gas, dissolved acetylene and oxygen ; also
includes gasolene lighting and heating devices, and supply
of water to municipalities.
No. 25. Wood, Manufacture of (not elsewhere specified).—Here
are grouped manufacturers of sash and doors, interior finish,
water-proof ply-wood, veneer, store and office fittings,
barrels, boxes, ships' knees, ready-cut buildings, wooden
pipes and tanks, wooden pulleys, wooden toys, caskets,
coffins, and undertakers' supplies.
BREWERIES.
Returns covering 21 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $149,822 07
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     67,372 59
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     399,898 48
Total 1607,093 14
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February....
May	
June	
277
276
294
317
330
332
6
5
7
7
11
11
July	
August	
September .
October.  , .,
November ..
December...
333
321
302
302
355
350
8
8
6
8
10
7
Classified Weekly Wage-rates
(Wage-earners
only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
1
1
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
$ 6.00 to $ 6 99...
7.00 to     7.99...
8.00 to     8.99...
9.00 to     9.99
2
2
2
11.00 to   11.99...
1
13.00 to   13.99...
14 00 to   14 99. ..
4
16.00 to   16.99...
2
2
2
17.00 to   17.99...
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99...
20.00 to   20.99...
21.00 to   21.99...
22 00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99...
26.00 to   25.99...
26.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27.99  ..
28.00 to   28.99.
6
6
1
11
11
7
10
68
90
18
65
6
3
2
1
5
2
30.00 to   34.99.
35.00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
50.00 and over ...
59
17
11
4
5
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia...(	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria  	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia' or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
219
128
20
1
4
3
10
2
1
15
Weekly Hours of Labour.
3 at 38 hours. 272 at 48 hours.
2 at 42
1 at 43
51 at 44
2 at 45
91 at 50
3 at 54
28 at 56 G 24
Department of Labour.
1925
Table No. 2.
BUILDERS' MATERIAL—PRODUCERS OF.
Returns covering 55 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $    158,457 22
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc         90,899 99
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,140,952 27
Total $1,390,309 48
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March .. .
April....
May	
June
Males.   Females.
764
807
901
976
1,002
Month.
July	
August.   ..
September .
October	
November ..
December...
Males.   Females.
926
1,042
975
816
873
809
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
S6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
.00...
to.$ 6.9
7.!
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
IS.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
IS Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
1
2
1
55
15
16
18
35
73
75
160
23
27
91
36
58
72
29
27
82
65
74
39
29
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan    	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationalitv not stated 	
Males.
261
417
16
I
2
63
8
1
74
32
7
260
1
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours. 19 at 45 hours. 17 at 54 hours,
1 at 36  ,. 102 at 47  „ 58 at 66  „
32 at 40  ,i 658 at 48  „ 2 at 72  „
180 at 44  „ 16 at 50  ,,
L'able No. 3.
CIGAR AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 6 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 18,677 50
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  9,549 61
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  25,857 96
Total  $ 57,085 07
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January .
February
March...
April....
May	
June
Males.   Females.
12
11
11
11
11
12
20
31
33
27
45
52
Month.
July	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December .
Males.    Females.
15
14
15
16
17
19
56
15
13
29
32
33
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14 00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
S6.00....
to$ 6.99
to     7.99
to
to
to
to
to
9.99
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
to 16.99.
to   17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
over.    18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland..
Great Britain and Ireland...
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy.
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
21
3
Weekly Hours of Labour.
36 at 44 hours. 6 at 48 hours. 11$ Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G
Table No. 4.
COAL-MINING.
Returns covering 21 Firms.
Table No. 5.
COAST SHIPPING.
Returns covering 14b Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $   236,876 24
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc        196,972 24
Wages-earners (including piece-workers)    7,041,366 13
Total $ 7,475,214 61
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $    491,901 40
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       382,876 95
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    5,862,194 36
Total $6,736,972 71
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February.
March
April
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
5,067
5,167
5,098
4,799
4,654
4,670
Month.
July	
August	
September .
October	
November...
December...
Males.   Females.
4,870
4,852
4,919
5,062
5,153
5,281
Month.
January..
February.
March	
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
5,647
5,366
5,597
6,191
6,399
6,011
27
17
19
22
25
32
Month.
July	
August	
September..
October	
November..
December ..
Males.   Females.
6,347
6,720
7,169
7,518
0,306
6,730
34
34
28
24
23
20
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
29.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to$ 6.99.
to     7.99.
to     8.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
10.99.
11.99.
12 99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
Males.
18 Yrs.
& over.
3
1
20
48
80
113
57
42
102
74
41
85
97
48
400
469
138
286
460
132
1,050
757
445
164
167
Under
18 Yrs.
2
10
5
33
20
8
29
9
10
16
7
12
23
4
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00..
to$ 6.
to
8.99..
9.99..
10.99..
11.99..
12.99..
13.99..
14.99..
15.99..
16.99..
17.99..
18.99..
19.99..
20.99 .
21.99..
22.99..
23.99..
24.99  .
25.99..
26.99..
to 27.99..
to 28.99..
to 29.99..
to 34.99..
to 39.99..
to 44.99..
to   49.99..
and over..
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
4
3
4
133
70
121
157
296
27
17
79
329
362
222
115
121
267
201
67
176
113
73
185
876
84
662
1,507
471
IIS
254
18 Yrs.  Under
& over. 18 Yrs.
5
10
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland ......
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries   	
Nationality not stated	
32
454
19
184
102
323
44
522
Females.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria'	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China    	
Hindustan	
Japan    	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
:,779
1,459
192
28
9
33
41
8
11
349
51
71
34
312
11
18
3
Weekly Hours of Labour.
366 at 44 hours. 13 at 56 hours.
5,128 at 48     ii 30 at 60     „
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 38 hours.
1 at 39     ii
1,279 at 40     n
6 at 42     n
392 at 44     „
10 at 47     ,i
1,777 at 48 hours.
37 at 50     ii
1 at 52     n
98 at 54      ii
425 at 56      n
2 at 67     „
121 at 58 hours.
149 at 60 ,i
10 at 64 „
1 at 70     ii
897 at 72 ,.
10 at 84      ii G 26
Department of Labour.
1355
Table No.  6.
CONTRACTING.
Returns covering 982 Firms.
Table No. 7.
EXPLOSIVES, CHEMICALS, ETC.
Returns covering 19 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers ....   $ 1,553,250 47
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,366,923 57
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 10,423,385 98
Total $13,343,560 02
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 81,135 74
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  115,431 00
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  368,063 42
Total $564,630 16
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February.
March....
April
May	
June ....
Males.   Females.
6,333
6,440
7,206
8,195
8,884
9,292
97
108
108
115
114
116
Month.
July	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December..
Males.   Females
9,346
9,425
9,391
9,132
8,838
7,910
Month.
110
106
121
102
100
101
January
February
March...
April.  ..
May	
June
Males.   Females.
21S
235
242
322
472
443
Month.
July	
August....
September.
October.. .
November .
December .
Males.    Females.
425
474
477
409
268
220
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
9
9
7
9
3
19
15
35
21
no
63
71
174
311
794
141
893
1,676
928
1,955
414
523
516
306
70
1,190
2,221
873
353
240
12
8
5
9
6
9
1
72
43
2
6
2
3
2
1
2
1
1
10
IS
16
12
4
18
12
10
8
2
9
1
5
5
2
3
9
2
$ 6.00 to $ 6.99...
7.00 to    7.99...
7.00 to    7.99 .
8.00 to     8.99
8.00 to     8.99...
9.00to     9.99...
1
2
1
9.00 to     9.99
10.00 to   10.99...
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99...
12.00 to   12.99...
1
2
11.00 to   11.99..
12.00 to   12.99  .
" 13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00 to   17.99
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22 99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99   .
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
5
2
45
5
72
17
13
40
20
58
23
27
18
26
28
10
35
25
17
42
15
5
27
1
3
13.00 to   13.99...
5
71
5
2
7
2
2
4
3
5
1
14.00 to   14.99...
1
1
15.00 to   15.99...
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99...
2
1
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99...
20.00 to   20.99...
21.00 to   21.99...
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99...
1
25.00 to   25.99...
5
26.00 to   26.99...
1
27.00 to   27.99...
1
28.00 to   28 99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35.00 to   39.99...
2
2
40.00 to   44.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Em
ployees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
5,792
5,343
656
33
26
42
319
51
108
918
256
76
93
13
53
92
73
3S
3
199
164
6
4
Great Britain and I
United States of Al
Great Britain and
United States of A
Belgium	
Italy	
2
Italy	
1
Norway, Sweden, and Denim
Russia or other Slav country
1
3
Norway, Sweden, and Denm
40
2
1
116
Other European country	
76
2
All other countrie
Nationality not stE
Nationality not sta
w
6 at 30 hours.
2 at 35      ii
1 at 36      ii
5 at 37     ,i
4 at 38     ii
252 at 40     ..
21 at 41      ii
eekly B
3 a
15,209 a
5,263 a
5 a
81 a
18 a
168 a
ours of
; 42 hour
t 44      n
t 48      n
t 49     ii
t 50      n
t 52      ft
t 54      .,
Lab
s.
our
13"
lil
14C
87
3
23
1
at 56
at 57
at 58
at 60
at 63
at 72
at 84
h(
)urs.
w
2 at 40 hours.
3 at 44     i,
155 at 45     ii
eekly H
78 at
9 at
110 at
ours of
48 hour
50     ,,
56      „
Lab
our
!01
11 f
it 60 h
t 72
3U
rs. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 27
Table No. 8.
FOOD PRODUCTS—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 378 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 1,251,512 21
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,259,805 09
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    6,598,981 45
Total $9,110,298 75
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Table No. 9.
GARMENT-MAKING.
Returns covering 79 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $129,387 46
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     76,100 90
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    497,895 61
Total $703,383 97
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January ..,
February.,
March	
April.......
May	
June  	
Males.   Females.
3,106
3,133
3,294
3,870
4,194
5,204
701
673
740
743
776
1,135
Month.
Males.
July	
5,258
August	
5,943
September .
5,745
October	
5,044
November ..
4,208
December ..
3,779
Month.
1,701
2,154
2,167
1,508
986
769
January...
February..
March	
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
187
195
204
199
206
200
318
364
391
384
379
Month.       Males.   Females.
July	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December .
202
206
210
217
209
218
341
341
361
402
377
337
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ e.oo
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
60.00
$6.00 ....
to$ 6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11,99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
21.99.
to   22.!
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over
18 Yrs.
& over.
2
1
4
6
8
48
43
83
112
65
155
356
271
362
311
340
239
346
581
219
417
196
149
919
420
165
Under
18 Yrs.
5
21
19
26
5
45
7
21
28
32
9
10
2
2
2
1
1
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
8
2
5
22
28
69
47
204
433
373
209
175
114
161
58
112
95
35
29
17
27
8
13
11
7
27
5
2
8
1
6
25
23
33
26
24
56
18
20
5
11
27
2
5
1
2
1
1
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to? 6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99
29.09.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
4
2
5
7
1
4
6
6
5
10
12
1
4
1
14
3
12
3
20
56
14
18 Yrs.
& over.
3
1
8
14
110
52
32
17
47
9
23
7
6
4
2
29
5
Under
18 Y'rs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   ....
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
P>ance 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
2,693
3,383
221
22
8
18
48
31
96
304
73
72
95
151
Country of Origin.
1
4
19
42
18
14
44
27
3
7
Canada and Newfoundland   ....
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium   	
France 	
Italy 	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
74
87
10
2
4
12
8
28
"9
199
192
9
11
3
Weekly Hours of Labour.
10 at 30 hrs.
31 at 31 11
17 at 32 n
8 at 35 „
18 at 36 ..
Iat38 ..
30at40 11
13 at 42 hrs.
1,006 at 44
30 at 45
53 at 46
30 at 47
3,668 at 48
228 at 49
572 at 50 hrs.
65 at 51 ,1
19 at 52 11
62 at 53 ,,
1,375 at 54 11
86 at 56 11
271 at 58 11
51 at 59 hrs.
901 at 60 ,1
15 at 63 ,1
lat66 11
4 at 70 n
14 at 72 ,1
lal84 ,,
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours. 132 at 48 hours.
16 at 40     .1 2 at 49      11
282 at 44     ,1 11 at 50     11
156 at 46      11 3 at 56      ..
30 at 47     11 2 at 60      11 G 28
Department of Labour.
1925
Table No.  10.
HOUSE FURNISHINGS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 43 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 89,408 41
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc.     49,276 92
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    376,419 96
Total  $515,105 29
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March...
April....
May	
June
Males.   Females.
283
280
286
286
296
285
36
33
39
39
41
38
Month.
July	
August...
September
October   ..
November
December.
Males.   Females.
287
303
320
318
333
325
36
39
38
42
43
43
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
2S.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to   10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
to 19.99.
to   20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and ove
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
4
1
2
1
4
10
2
19
7
14
11
4
21
16
23
7
22
8
56
26
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
1
12
1
2
Appren
tices.
2
1
1
1
1
1
10
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia   	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark .
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan  	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.        Females.
147
176
7
1
21
20
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 32 hours.
1 at 36      ii
3 at 40      ii
189 at 44      „
23 at 46      ii
16 at 46 hours.
5 at 47      ii
136 at 48      ii
4 at 50     .,
1 at 54      .,
Table No.  11.
JEWELLERY—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 10 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 25,407 05
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc   98,137 00
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   97,161 64
Total $220,705 69
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March...
April.   ..
May	
June
Males.   Females.
67
68
68
Month.
July 	
August	
September..
October	
November..
December...
Males.
Females.
68
3
68
3
71
3
71
3
70
3
70
3
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under$6.00....
S 6.00 to $ 6.99
7.00 to     7.99
8.00 to
9.00 to
10.00 to
11.00 to
12.00 to
13.00 to
14.00 to
15.00 to
16.00 to
17.00 to
18.00 to
19.00 to
20.00 to
21.00 to
22.00 to
23.00 to 23.99
24.00 to 24.99
25.00 to 25.99
26.00 to 26.99
27.00 to 27.99
28.00 to 28.99
29.00 to
30.00 to
35.00 to
40 00 to
45.00 to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
50.00 and over .
Males.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
36
43
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
2 at 42 hours.
54 at 44     ,i
4 at 45      „
2 at 48 hours.
4 at 50     ii 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 29
Table No. 12.
LAUNDRIES, CLEANING AND  DYEING.
Returns covering 84 Firms.
£\able No.  13.
LEATHER AND FUR GOODS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 54 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $   134,772 02
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      114,773 23
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,113,870 66
Total $1,363,415 91
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 58,866 30
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc...     65,706 91
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  288,704 31
Total ■ $413,277 52
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January..
February.
March. ..
April..
May	
June
Males.   Females.
434
449
446
465
462
472
744
730
749
743
754
784
Month.
July	
August ....
September..
October
November ..
December ..
Males.   Females.
478
476
479
476
462
459
851
854
817
807
813
January..
February.
March....
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
231
239
222
221
225
223
65
60
61
60
65
66
Month.
July	
August...
September
October ..
November
December
Males.    Females.
223
220
207
208
219
218
69
72
69
69
72
71
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to* 6.99.
7.!
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
to 27.99.
to 28.99.
to 29.99.
to 34.99.
to 39.99.
to 44.99.
to   49.99.
and over .
Males.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
1
7
6
2
18
39
1
20
13
37
8
30
60
23
29
18
20
60
25
13
3
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
1
3
6
4
7
14
146
319
114
98
74
21
30
11
10
5
5
1
2
1
10
10
9
11
9
29
3
1
1
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
21
3
7
4
1
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00..
to$ I
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
over.    18 Yrs.
1
2
1
2
10
2
2
8
6
17
8
7
7
17
19
10
8
34
3
47
16
3
1
5
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
over.    18 Yrs.
9
6
1
12
4
2
3
5
3
1
1
1
i
Apprentices.
2
6
2
10
5
5
1
6
2
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China.	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
149
277
7
41
1
14
Country of Origin.
295
493
21
1
14
16
26
5
2
5
21
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia ,	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan   ...
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
108
117
20
7
14
1
1
7
7
3
1
1
Females.
41
37
4
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
3 at SO hours.
4 at 32  ,,
2 at 35  i,
28 at 36 „
1 at 37 ,i
6 at 40  „
129 at 44 hours.
19 at 45  ,,
478 at 46  ,i
5 at 47  „
618 at 48  ,,
1 at 49 hours.
6 at 50  i.
6 at 52  „
5 at 54  „
2 at 60  ,i
3 at 36 hours.
2 at 40  i,
1 at 42  ,.
68 at 44  ii
2 at 45  „
6 at 46 hours.
227 at 48  „
7 at 49  ,i
18 at 50  „
4 at 52  i,
2 at 54 hours.
2 at 56  ..
1 at 58  ,i G 30
Department of Labour.
1925
Table No. 14.
LUMBER INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 990 Finns.
Table No.  15.
METAL TRADES.
Returns covering 522 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 2,027,502 90
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,053,872 40
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 28,934,455 60
Total '. $32,015,830 90
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $1,186,960 84
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       913,528 65
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    3,749,413 82
Total     $5,849,903 31
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March.. .
April.  ..
May	
June
Males.    Females.
19,822
22,609
22,767
25,365
26,409
25,695
77
74
77
77
Month.
Males.
July	
24,028
August....
24,002
September.
24,929
October ...
26,492
November .
24,880
December..
21,225
Month.
69
73
87
92
94
83
January.
February
March..
April
May..   ..
June.   ..
Males.   Females.
2,739
2,908
2,894
3,032
3,048
3,147
30
32
31
31
35
Month.
Males.
July	
3,319
August	
3,226
September .
3,230
October ....
3,323
November..
3,277
December...
3,312
37
35
33
32
32
33
Cassified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to   11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
41.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
Males.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
6
3
19
56
131
722
688
992
891
1,911
589
2,233
2,489
1,298
2,714
1 182
812
3,627
1,587
1,022
1,575
1,160
660
3,132
2,702
1,016
744
826
3
1
5
7
14
12
4
6
8
4
5
5
12
1
4
18 Yrs.
& over.
12
3
11
16
2
7
6
9
1
5
11
4
1
1
1
10
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00...
to$ 6.99
to     7.99
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17 99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
4
2
8
7
32
16
26
14
18
66
34
36
51
130
137
51
361
138
242
174
126
87
106
75
1,011
337
124
69
44
21
18
10
12
11
22
7
13
4
3
1
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    IS Yrs.
Apprentices.
23
43
15
28
13
23
21
30
20
10
17
4
9
4
2
1
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy   	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated.	
12,026
5,833
1,540
47
74
273
494
180
■    477
291
3,S65
728
2,437
60
464
Country of Origin.
15
8
1
18
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China    	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
1,978
1,629
194
19
5
13
61
17
2
21
13
14
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
l
65
46
403
72
26,969
at 30 hours.
! at 35 ii
at 36 ii
at 40 li
at 42 ii
at 44 ii
at 45 ii
at 46 ..
at 47 ii
at 48 ii
19 at 49 hours.
167 at 50
23 at 51
710 at 52
3,294 at 54
4 at 55
453 at 56
4 at 57
96 at 58
1,004 at 60
17 at 66 hours.
3 at 68 „
10 at 70 .,
35 at 72 „
12 at 77 ii
1 at SO ,.
1 at 82 ..
3 at 84 „
1 at 87 "n
1 at 96 „
2 at 30 hours.
1 at 33 n
2 at 34 „
11 at 35 „
2 at 36 ii
2 at 39 „
120 at 40 „
14 at 41 .,
7 at 42 hours.
2,367 at 44 „
19 at 45 i,
144 at 46 ii
9 at 47 ii
929 at 48 ii
50 at 49 ii
55 at 50 ,i
4 at 51 hours.
11 at 52 „
2 at 53 ii
105 at 54 ,i
19 at 56 ii
1 at 58 ii
9 at 60 .1
24 at 72 ii 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 31
Table No.  16.
METAL-MINING.
Returns covering 215 Firms.
Table No.  17.
MISCELLANEOUS TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 14S Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $   440,874 38
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      297,411 32
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  7,091,256 22
Total $7,829,541 92
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  492,898 58
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      466,253 68
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  1,756,310 14
Total   $2,715,462 40
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females
January.
February
March. ,
April ..  ,
May	
June
3,657
3,688
3,724
3,727
3,924
4,274
40
37
39
41
41
41
Month.       Males.   Females.
July 	
August....
September.
October ..
November..
December..
4,458
4,702
4,742
4,729
4,560
4,523
Month.       Males.   Females.
45
47
46
43
42
32
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
1,109
1,183
1,261
1,351
1,444
1,454
215
215
213
217
233
230
Month.        Males.    Females.
July 	
August...
September
October ..
November
December
1,408
1,388
1,432
1,318
1,272
1,265
236
243
253
265
271
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9 00
10 00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to $ 6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18 99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over .
Males.
18 Yrs.
& over.
16
3
38
26
7
21
49
86
231
101
165
180
397
700
1,798
1,465
395
169
68
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Y'rs.
& over.
3
3
14
2
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
li .00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
20.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
00 ....
$ 6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99
15.99.
16.99.
17.99
18.99
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and over.
18 Yrs.  Under
& over. 18 Yrs.
1
9
13
7
14
3
8
30
18
20
57
81
03
94
69
141
124
91
69
104
37
24
180
132
37
22
36
IS
4
7
33
18 Y'rs.  Under
& over. 18 Yrs.
6
3
3
2
13
3
119
22
12
8
10
3
3
2
4
2
2
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan ..	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
2,080
1,394
311
17
10
22
340
26
71
905
394
85
54
73
14
99
Country of Origin.
33
17
4
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
624
718
78
5
4
5
20
2
42
13
5
52
8
14
2
60
149
129
3
Weekly Hours of Labour.
2 at 40 hours.
1,568 at 48      ,,
'     155 at 50     1,
285 at 52     „
16 at 54     „
3,598 at 66     1,
26 at 60 hours.
21 at 63 1.
1 at 70     ..
15 at 77 11
1 at 84 „
1 at 90     ,,
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours. 571 at 44 hours. 2 at 52 hours.
1 at 35      1,                     36 at 45 „ 32 at 53 11
3 at 36      ,,                     26 at 46 „ 136 at 54 11
7 at 38     .,                     23 at 47 „ 38 at 56 i,
6 at 40     ,. 838 at 48 „ 77 at 60 ,.
9 at 42     „ 138 at 50 „ G 32
Department of Labour.
1925
Table No.  18.
OIL-REFINING.
Returns covering 8 Firms.
Table No. 19.
PAINT-MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 12 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 22,681 87
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    174,215 13
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    577,690 52
Total $774,587 52
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 58,565 00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     52,054 60
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     82,029 10
Total   $192,648 70
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January
February...
March	
April	
May	
June	
Males.
Females.
286
288
295
315
331
369
Month.
July	
August
September..
October	
November ..
December...
390
460
533
584
675
574
Females.
Month.
January
February
March
April.
May .
June .
Males.
59
75
90
73
Females.
10
13
12
12
15
Month.
July	
August.. .
September
October...
November
December.
80
73
71
68
69
13
12
12
11
10
10
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
.00 .
7.99...
8 99...
9.99...
10.99...
11.99...
12.99...
13.99...
14.99...
15.99...
16.99. .
17.99...
18.99...
19.99...
20.99...
21.99...
22.99...
23.99...
24.99...
25.99...
26.99...
27.99...
28.99...
29.99...
34.99...
39.99...
44.99...
49.99...
18 Yrs.     Under
over.    18 Yrs.
1
33
15
2
3
7
1
279
102
118
14
5
8
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
S 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
46.00
50.00
$6.00 	
to$ 6.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25 99.
26.99
27.99
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium   	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan   	
lapan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
190
358
27
3
3
1
1
32
4
1
1
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria  	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ..
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
48
32
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 32 hours.
1 at 44     .,
598 at 48 hours.
67 at 44 hours.
12 at 47     ii
5 at 48 hours. 16 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
.
G 33
Table No. 20.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.
Returns covering 104 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  447,637 15
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      837,304 75
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)      1,625,397 86
Total $2,910,339 76
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February..
March.
April	
May	
June	
Males.
Females.
999
143
1,003
148
1,018
142
1,004
145
1,002
138
1,008
145
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.   Females.
1,007
986
1,007
1,031
1,017
1,036
147
144
154
159
153
151
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10 00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
7.99..
8.99.,
9.99..
10.99..
11.99..
12.99..
13.99.,
14.99..
15.99..
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
12
7
6
38
11
2
22
6
24
7
10
4
8
31
8
22
6
2
40
29
140
310
2
14
5
8
2
5
3
2
3
IS Yrs.
& over.
28
8
8
10
5
12
14
3
2
3
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
2
6
4
9
6
13
5
16
6
7
8
Table No. 21.
PULP AND PAPER—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 11 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  405,650 28
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      196,964 92
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  3,386,931 76
Total   $3,989,546 96
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January...
February.
March....
April	
May	
June	
Males.
Females.
2,191
60
2,116
58
2,056
60
2,077
57
2,076
60
2,181
59
Month.
July	
August	
September..
October
November.
December..
Males.   Females.
2,104
2,126
2,125
2,242
2,267
2,177
60
59
59
57
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France   	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
639
382
31
5
1
3
1
33
1
117
110
5
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours.
1 at 34     ii
1 at 36      „
1 at 37     ,i
2 at 40 hours.
2 at 42       ii
33 at 44       ii
312 at 45 hours.
9 at 46       ,i
260 at 48       n
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
.99.
$6.00 	
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
10.99..
11.99..
12.99..
13.99..
14.99..
15.99..
16.99,.
17.99..
18.99..
19.99..
20.99..
21.99..
22.99..
23.99..
24.99..
25.99..
26.99..
27.99..
28.99..
29.99..
to 34.99..
to 39.99..
to 44.99..
to 49.99..
and over..
18 Yrs.
&, over.
1
15
6
100
57
157
52
201
204
185
129
52
108
37
212
316
56
44
58
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
1
2
2
3
3
8
6
3
3
10
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy	
Germany   	
Austria	
Norway; Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
807
651
100
9
3
12
74
8
41
48
35
15
83
1
554
40
14
Weekly Hours of Labour.
32 at 44 hours.
2,205 at 48      n
174 at 54     ii
1 at 70 hours.
1 at 84     ,i G 34
Department op Labour.
1925
Table No. 22.
SHIP-BUILDING.
Returns covering 35 Firms.
fABLE  No.   23.
SMELTING.
Returns covering 4 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $    115,519 63
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc        89,419 79
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    1,007,431 29
Total $ 1,212,370 71
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $    210,751 35
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       327,640 50
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    4,499,574 31
Total $ 5,037,966 16
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
593
700
724
810
873
774
Month.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.   Females.
639
723
544
695
664
700
Month.       Males.   F'emales.
January.
February
March..
April
May	
June. ..
2,244
2,254
2,270
2,211
2,226
2,315
22
22
22
22
22
22
Month.
July 	
August. ..
September.
October....
November .
December..
Males.   Females.
2,341
2,336
2,319
2,357
2,350
2,379
22
22
22
22
22
22
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
to   20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
26.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over     18 Yrs.
4
13
3
12
80
34
300
4
34
3
16
40
31
69
228
143
25
3
4
18 Yrs.       Under
& over.    IS Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 	
to$ 6.99.
7.!
8.99..
9.99..
10.99..
11.99..
12.99 .
13.99..
14.99..
15.99..
16.99..
17.99..
18.99..
19.99..
20.99..
21.99..
22 99..
23.99..
24.99..
25.99..
20.99..
27.99..
28.99..
29.99..
34.99..
39.99..
44.99..
49.99..
18 Yrs. I  Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
2
1
7
5
2
7
2
34
67
1
92
34
846
695
344
108
83
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       F'emales.
518
32
1
1
1
15
44
"i'
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan ,	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
1,033
71
5
2
4
334
102
95
30
46
12
10
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
11 at 34 hours.
5 at 42      „
762 at 44      „
1 at 45 hours.
19 at 47
255 at 48 hours.
7 at 56     ii
731 at 48 hours.
1,673 at 56     ..
2 at 60 hours.
3 at 70     „ 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 35
Table No. 24.
STREET RAILWAYS, GAS, POWER, TELEPHONE, ETC
Returns covering 101 Firms.
Table No. 25.
WOOD—MANUFACTURE OF  (N.E.S.).
Returns covering 89 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  585,216 35
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  1,279,292 21
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  7,119,557 02
 Total $8,984,065 58
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Salary and Wage Payments,  1925.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers  $  252,206 71
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      124,814 45
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  1,652,£01 20
Total  $1,929,922 36
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February.
March	
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
3,958
4,044
4,230
4,334
4,349
4,258
1,258
1,286
1,333
1,341
1,349
1,357
Month.
July	
August....
September.
October ...
November .
December..
Males.    Females.
Month.
1,383
1,480
1,378
1,337
1,340
1,363
January.
February
March. ..
April...
May	
June
Males.   Females.
1,134
1,155
1,250
1,370
1,496
1.557
32
42
43
47
49
49
Month.
July	
August....
September.
October ...
November..
December .
Males.   Females.
1,578
1,615
1,688
1,589
1,433
1,354
48
30
23
27
32
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17 00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
tot 6.99.
7.9
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
2S.99.
29.99.
34.99.
44.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
3
3
5
11
14
9
9
13
157
64
249
75
695
293
169
447
92
118
123
182
819
758
470
200
82
31
18 Yrs.
& over.
21
143
51
446
164
14
105
87
216
53
46
1
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
22
148
59
13
8
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24 00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
-29 00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to $ 6.99
to 7.99.
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to   11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99
20.99
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
to 44.99.
to 49.99.
and over
18 Yrs.      Under
& over.    18 Y'rs.
1
3
1
10
12
14
37
42
43
90
106
70
134
143
85
90
62
35
140
33
56
157
156
53
16
9
2
5
26
20
17
26
6
12
1
1
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
1
2
3
5
11
12
1
1
5
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America 	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated.....
1,950
2,802
218
16
8
11
102
7
10
91
44
13
24
4
5
155
Country of Origin.
775
536
54
Canada and Newfoundland ....
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy   	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries 	
Nationality not stated	
62
2
2
1
15
8
3
110
19
23
83
5
47
2
1
10 at 31 hours.
6 at 40     ii
1,129 at 42     „
1,855 at 44     ii
60 at 45     ii
Weekly Hours of Labour.
20 at 60 hours.
2,894 at 48 hours.
17 at 49     .i
112 at 52     ii
58 at 54     n
63 at 56     ii
12 at 62
17 at 70
1 at 72
1 at 80
Weekly Hours of Labour.
8 at 33 hours. 999 at 48 hours.
35 at 35     ,i 10 at 50     u
3 at 42     ii 42 at 51      n
659 at 44     i, 154 at 54     u
47 at 46     ii 5 at 56     n G 36
Department of Labour.
1925
SUMMARY OF ALL TABLES.
Returns covering 4,138 Firms.
Total Salary and Wage Payments during Twelve Months ended December 31st, 1925:—■
Officers,  Superintendents, and Managers  $10,625,939 13
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       9,696,5'98 40
Wage-earners  (including piece-workers)     95,620,701 07
 ■ $115,943,238 60
Returns received too late to be included in above Summary     $    4,351,746 62
Estimated pay-roll of employers in occupations covered  by  Department's
inquiry, and from whom returns were not received         5,000,000 00
Transcontinental Railways        13,303,835 58
Dominion and Provincial Government Workers          5,000,000 00
Wholesale and Retail Firms          3,500,000 00
Delivery,   Cartage  and  Teaming,   Warehousing,  Butchers,   Moving-picture
Operators, Coal and Wood Yards, and Auto Transportation   4,500,000  00
Ocean Services and Express Companies          7,000,000 00
Miscellaneous   1,361,000  00
 44,016,582 20
$159,959,820 80
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only.)
During the Month of
January...
February..
March..
April	
May	
June	
July	
August....
September.
October
November.
December..
Males.
61,413
64,579
66.385
71,513
74,433
75,328
74,480
75,844
76,986
78,065
73,679
66,832
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America.	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
35,755
31,214
3,811
207
212
481
2,371
365
1,084
8,364
2,333
731
6,974
788
3,560
320
1,623
Females.
3,902
3,952
4,132
4,138
4,236
4,602
5,264
5,775
5,735
5,057
4,516
3,792
3,278
2,387
185
10
8
39
71
19
16
109
57
10
7
131
I\)r Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to 11.99.
to 12.99.
to 13.99.
to 14.99.
to 15.99.
to 16.99.
to   17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99
44.99.
49.9
and over.
18 Yrs.
& over.
49
45
37
158
139
297
382
1,249
867
1,454
1,635
2,695
1,796
3,806
4,670
2,699
5,736
4,813
3,091
8,219
4,188
2,883
3,868
4,156
3,241
12,664
11,698
4,491
2,348
2,067
95,441
Under
18 Yrs.
84
81
70
108
113
140
64
224
90
57
100
57
30
42
31
17
36
7
2
9
4
1
3
2
18 Yrs.
& over.
14
6
14
38
46
94
93
410
672
1,058
936
522
283
419
228
412
213
125
58
43
85
28
22
18
17
50
12
1
5,924
Under
18 Yrs.
10
7
16
63
40
64
48
58
105
41
43
6
11
27
7
4
5
1
2
3
1
Apprentices.
54
97
241
109
27
52
10
22
17
11
10
15
13
7
5
2
3
4
2
13
21
Weekly Hours of Labour.
25 at 30 hours.
41 at 31 .,
23 at 32 ,,
9 at 33 ..
14 at 34 .,
62 at 35 ,i
59 at 36 ii
7 at 37 i.
16 at 38 ii
3 at 39 ii
1,823 at 40 „
35 at 41 „
1,228 at 42 hours.
1 at 43 ,i
25,115 at 44 „
754 at 45 ,i
938 at 46 „
248 at 47 i.
56,079 at 48 „
329 at 49 n
1,374 at 50 n
134 at 51 ,,
1,168 at 52 i,
96 at 53 hours.
5,606 at 54 „
4 at 55 ,,
6,572 at 56 .i
24 at 57 i,
630 at 58 n
51 at 59 ,,
2,510 at 60 ,i
12 at 62 ,i
39 at 63 ,i
10 at 64 ,i
18 at
66 hours.
3 at
68  „
37 at
70  ii
,007 at
72  ,i
27 at
77  „
2 at
80  ,i
1 al
82  „
17 at
84  „
1 at
87  ,i
1 at
90  ,i
1 at
96  ,i 16 Geo. 5 Eeport of the Deputy Minister. G 37
LABOUR DISPUTES IN 1925.
The Province last year was fortunately without labour disputes of any magnitude or long
duration, and 1925 is conspicuous among recent years for the comparatively small amount of
working-time lost by strikes in this territory. Disputes which were attended by a suspension
of employment were fifteen in number. The persons affected numbered 3,572, and 23,309 working-
days were lost, which is a considerable reduction from the 223,876 days lost in nine disputes in
the previous year.
Trouble with Chinese Seamen.
Perhaps the most singular development of the year was trouble with Chinese seamen on ships
calling at our ports. Their action in two instances was contrary to the law, and some of the
offenders received terms of imprisonment. On June 23rd twenty-four Chinese seamen refused
to perform their duties and demanded an increase in wages. Some time previously they had
renewed their contract for a year, but when at Tacoma, Washington, they refused to work and
left their ship. The United States Immigration officials returned them to the ship, which brought
them to Victoria. As they persistently refused to work they were arrested, and in the Police
Court were sentenced to six weeks in gaol with hard labour. They were also ordered to be
deported at the expiration of their sentence.
On August 20th sixteen Chinese seamen went on strike at Vancouver, in sympathy with a
strike of seamen in China. They were charged with an offence under the " Canada Shipping
Act" and sentenced to six weeks in gaol.
Another sympathetic strike, in which sixteen Chinese seamen took part, occurred at New
Westminster on August 20th.    The strikers were replaced in three days.
Higher Pay for Painters.
On March 2nd 200 painters in the Vancouver District went on strike for an increase in wages
from 75 cents per hour to 90 cents per hour, and also for a reduction in working-hours from six
days weekly of eight hours per day to five days weekly of eight hours per day. Negotiations
were carried on and an agreement reached, granting the painters 81% cents per hour, and
reducing the weekly working-hours to forty-four.    The men returned to work on March 23rd.
Shingle-sawyers' Failure.
A strike of fifteen shingle-sawyers took place on March 3rd in one of the mills at New
Westminster for an increase of from 24 cents per thousand to 26 cents per thousand.    The
places of the men were soon filled at the same rate of wages that the striking men had been
receiving.
Carpenters, Vancouver.
On May 1st 200 carpenters in Vancouver went on strike to establish a minimum rate of
87% cents per hour, some of the contractors having been paying 81% cents per hour, whilst the
majority of the firms were paying the higher figure. Negotiations were entered into and on
May 11th work was resumed at 87% cents per hour.
Seamen's Claim for a Bonus.
Thirty-five engine-room  and  deck-hand  employees  left  work  in  Vancouver  on  May  7th,
complaining that a bonus which the men usually received had not been paid them.    This dispute
was, however, settled, the bonus paid, and the men returned to work on May 9th.
Fishermen's Pay for Salmon.
There were two disputes which raised the question as to what price should be paid for
salmon to fishermen on the Fraser River. The first, which affected 630 fishermen, commenced
on May 11th, the men stating that the price of red salmon had been cut from IS cents per pound
to 8 cents per pound. The fishermen proposed a fixed price of 10 cents per pound. After several
conferences they accepted 9 cents per pound for the month of May and 8 cents per pound for
the month of June.   Work was resumed on May 18th.
The second dispute began on September 23rd, when the fishermen ceased fishing owing to a
dispute as to prices to be paid by canneries, which were from 3% to 7 cents per fish.    The canners G 38
Department op Labour.
1925
agreed to pay 7 cents per fish for all pinks. On chum salmon no agreement was reached with
canners, but the salteries agreed to pay 16 cents per fish, as compared with 12 cents from the
canners. The fishermen then decided to deliver the chum salmon to the salteries, and work
was resumed on September 28th.
Coal-miners' Bonus reduced.
Following the proposal of mine operators at Nanaimo to reduce the bonus of 90 cents per
day to 30 cents per day, 1,090 coal-miners went on strike on June 5th. The agreement then in
existence made the following provision for bonus:—
" The Company agrees to pay all employees, covered by this agreement, a bonus of ninety
cents (90c.) per day worked, being an addition to all rates and wages herein specified, it being
mutually understood by the Company and its employees that any increase or decrease in the
bonus herein mentioned shall be governed by competitive conditions."
During the month of May, wages had been reduced 60 cents per day in coal-mines in other
parts of Vancouver Island, and the operators in Nanaimo submitted that they could not compete
with other mines paying the lower rate. Mr. J. D. McNiven, Deputy Minister of Labour, went
to Nanaimo on the first day of the strike, and several meetings were held. During the discussions
the employees suggested a settlement on the basis of a modification of the reduction, but without
success. After about a week's stoppage the miners voted to return to work at the reduction
proposed, work being resumed on June 13th.
Advance for Boiler-makers and Ship-builders.
A strike involving ninety-five boiler-makers and ship-builders and helpers in Vancouver
took place on June 16th, the employees' claim being for increased wages on ship-repair work.
Journeymen were being paid $5.50 per day, and they requested an increase to $6.50 per day.
The strike, which lasted three weeks, was settled by compromise, journeymen receiving $6 per day
and helpers a proportionate increase.    Work was resumed on July 6th.
General Labourers, Prince Rupert.
About 170 labourers employed on the construction of the new elevator at Prince Rupert
ceased work on August 7th, the employers having refused their request for an eight-hour day,
double time for Sunday, and $5 per day. Prior to the dispute the men had been paid 50 cents
and 55 cents per hour, and were working from/ eight to ten hours per day. Mr. J. E>. McNiven,
Deputy Minister of Labour, and Mr. F. E. Harrison, Fair Wages Officer for the Dominion Government, proceeded to Prince Rupert, and were instrumental in bringing about a settlement of the
dispute, whereby the employees returned to work at 57% cents per -hour, and time and a half
for overtime beyond the eight-hour day.    Work was resumed on August 12th.
Electricians secure Higher Wages.
A dispute arose on September 15th over a demand of fourteen men for an increase in wages
from $7.20 per day to $9 per day and a closed union shop, and was confined to one job. The
contractor refused the advance in wages. The workers' places were filled by men who did not
give satisfaction, and a new contractor took over the work, and signed an agreement with the
Union oil the official scale—viz., $1 per hour for journeymen and 75 cents per hour for helpers,
double time for overtime, and a union shop.    A final settlement was reached on October 27th.
Riveters, Esquimalt.
A strike occurred on October 9th of twenty-seven riveters in the employ of one firm at
Esquimalt, the men demanding increased wages. Several conferences were held and a settlement was effected, granting some of the employees a slight increase in wages. Work was resumed
on October 16th.
A Request refused at Victoria.
On November 25th twenty men employed as boiler-makers and helpers on a construction job
in Victoria struck work, demanding an increase Of 10 cents per hour. The claim was made by the
company that the men were being paid 12 cents per hour more than any other men engaged in
similar work in the city, and the demand was refused. The contractor at once hired other
workmen, and in a few days all the men who had struck were back at work at the old rate. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 39
Summary* of Labour Disputes, 1925.
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
w
OJ
<a   .
■"SS
in
*J S3
c/jt:
°1Z
o QO
Painters—
Vancouver	
Commenced March 2nd.    Increase demanded from 75 cents to
90 cents per hour.    Reduction in hours from 48 per week
200
3,600
to 40 per week.    Compromise reached granting 81%  cents
per hour and a 44-hour week.    Work resumed March 23rd
Shingle-weavers—
New Westminster
Commenced March 3rd.    Increase in wages demanded of from
24 cents to 26 cents per thousand.    Men's places filled
15
Carpenters—
Vancouver	
Commenced  May  1st.    To establish  minimum  rate  of 87%
cents  per  hour.     Rate  established.     Work  resumed  May
20O
1,800
11th
Seamen—
Vancouver..-	
Commenced May 7th.    Dispute re bonus, which was finally
35
70
paid.    Work resumed May 9th
Fishermen (Salmon) —
Fraser River	
Commenced May 11th.    A protest against cut in price of red
650
3.900
salmon  from .13  cents per pound to  8  cents  per pound.
Compromise reached—9 cents per pound for month of May,
8  cents  per  pound  for  month  of  June.     Work  resumed
May 18th
Coal-miners—
Nanaimo	
Commenced June oth.    Employers informed men bonus of 90
1,090
7,630
cents per day would be reduced to 30 cents.    During May
wages of other miners on Vancouver Island had been re
duced 60 cents per day.    After several conferences miners
voted to return to work at the reduction proposed.    Work
resumed June 13th
Boiler-makers, Ship-build
ers, Helpers—
Vancouver
Commenced  June  16th.     The  men  demanded  an  increase in
wages from $5.50 to $6.50 per day.    Settled by compromise,
95
1,805
men receiving $6 per day.    Work resumed July 6th
Seamen (Chinese) —
Victoria   	
Commenced  June  23rd.     Seamen   refused  to  perform  their
duties and demanded increase in wages,  in  spite of con
24
96
tract   which   had   not   expired.     They   were   arrested   and
sentenced   to   six  weeks   in  gaol   with   hard   labour   and
ordered to be deported at the end of their sentence
General Labourers—
Prince Rupert	
Commenced  August  8th.     Strikers  demanded  an  eight-hour
170
510
day, double time on Sunday, and $5 per day.    Compromise
effected, men receiving 57%  cents per hour and time and
a half for overtime.    Work resumed August 12th.
Seamen (Chinese) —
New Westminster
Commenced August 20th, in sympathy with strike in China.
Crow replaced August 23rd
16
48
Vancouver
Commenced August 20th.    Sympathetic strike with seamen in
China.     The  seamen  were  charged with  an  offence under
16
64
" Canada Shipping Act " and sentenced to six weeks in gaol
Electricians—
Vancouver	
Commenced   September   15th.     Increase  in   wages  demanded
from $7.20 to $9 per day, which was refused.    New con
14
504
tractor on  same job signed agreement with Union—viz.,
$1   per  hour  for  journeymen   and   75   cents  for  helpers.
Final settlement October 27th
2,525
20,027 G 40
Department of Labour.
1925
Summary of Labour Disputes, 1925—Continued.
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
<a
OJ    .
PnfO
■ ri oj
O Pa-j
M
+J S3
B-5-a
2,525
1,000
27
20
20,027
Fishermen (Salmon) —
Fraser River	
Riveters—
Commenced September 23rd.   The canneries were offering 3%
to 7 cents per fish, but finally agreed to pay 7 cents per fish
for pinks.   No agreement with the canners regarding chum,
but the salteries agreed to pay 16 cents per fish as compared  with  12  cents  per  fish  from  the   canners.     Work
resumed September 28th
Commenced   October   9th.      Increase   in   wages   demanded.
Settlement effected granting some of the employees slight
increase in wages.    Work resumed October 16th
Commenced  November  25th.     Increase  in  wages  demanded.
Men returned to work at old rates
3,000
162
Boiler-makers and Helpers^—
120
3,572
23,309 16 Geo. 5 Eeport of the Deputy Minister. G 41
EMPLOYMENT SERVICE.
General Superintendent Jas. H. McVety, 714 Richards Street, Vancouver.
Branch Offices.
Vancouver,  714  Richards  Street  j
Vancouver,  53 Powell  Street  }. W. S. Dickson,  Superintendent.
Vancouver (Women's Branch), 714 Richards Street
Victoria, Langley and Broughton Streets                    ) n   Crisford   Superintendent.
Victoria (Women's Branch), Langley and Broughton Streets j
New Westminster M. Standbridge,  Superintendent.
Nanaimo J. T. Carrigan, Superintendent.
Kamloops J. H. How,  Superintendent.
Vernon G.  E.   Street, Superintendent.
Penticton A. Gilley,  Superintendent.
Nelson G.  Anderson,  Superintendent.
Cranbrook J. E. Kennedy,  Superintendent.
Revelstoke H.  N.  Coursier,  Superintendent.
Prince  Rupert J.   M.   Campbell,  Superintendent.
Prince George G. C. Sinclair, Superintendent.
The following report is submitted by the General Superintendent of the Employment
Service:—
This is the seventh annual report of the British Columbia branch of the Employment Service
of Canada, a section of the Department of Labour, and covers the calendar year of 1925.
There are fifteen offices in operation in the Province, one less than during the previous year,
the arrangement for a part-time office at Fernie having been terminated at the end of March.
The offices are located as follows: Vancouver (3), Victoria (2), New Westminster, Nanaimo,
Prince Rupert, Prince George, Cranbrook, Nelson, Revelstoke, Kamloops, Vernon, and Penticton.
In Vancouver and Victoria separate offices are provided for the employment of women, and
special sections for dealing with the employment problems of men handicapped through service
overseas or injury in industry.
Conditions during the Year.
During the period under review there were approximately 10 per cent, more persons employed
in this Province than during any period since 1820.    Despite this fact, however, the supply of
labour in all parts of the Province was in excess of the demand.
As usual, a large number of unemployed men congregated in the Lower Mainland and the
southern end of Vancouver Island, and during the first three months of the year it was necessary
for the Provincial Government to provide relief-work. This consisted of land-clearing and road-
work, and was the means of bridging a season when available employment was at a minimum
and unemployed applicants at the maximum. The surplus continued throughout the year,
although the volume of employment increased during the summer. The supply of labour was,
however, during the month of August, sufficient to enable the Employment Service to send nearly
10,00p men and women to the Prairie Provinces for harvest-work, the usual rates having been
granted by the railways. Unfavourable weather conditions interfered somewhat with the
complete success of the labourers, many of whom did not earn as much money as usual.
During the year the offices of the Employment Service placed 10 per cent, more persons than
during the previous period, and found no difficulty in meeting the demand for labour, except
in a few cases where men with special qualifications were required.
The work of the Handicap sections of the Vancouver and Victoria offices was very successful
throughout the year, but there is a never-ending supply of new-comers who come to the Coast
area on account of climatic conditions, with the result that our industries have about reached
the point of saturation in so far as the employment of handicapped men is concerned.
Owing to mild weather, outdoor employment continued much later than usual, and although
large numbers of unemployed gathered in the cities and towns on the Coast, it was not necessary
for either the Government or the municipal authorities to carry on any extensive relief-works
during the winter months.
Business transacted during Year.
The volume of business transacted is shown in the tables and chart appearing on other pages,
the details being shown by offices and months.   The aggregate number of placements shows an
increase of approximately 10 per cent, as compared with the previous year;   there was a large G 42
Department of Labour.
1925
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O 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 43
surplus of labour in every part of the Province and these men were continually applying to
employers for employment. Many employers, to save the time consumed in interviewing applicants for work, displayed notices stating that men would be engaged only through the Employment Service offices. The number of persons placed during the year was 49,453, and of this
number 33,660 were sent to " regular " positions, where the period of employment ranges from a
period of seven days to permanence. The balance, 15,793, filled " casual" vacancies, where the
work lasted less than one week. The number of women placed was 9,089, and of this number
3,872 went to " regular " employment and 5,216 filled " casual " vacancies. Although " casual "
in the first instance, many of these positions developed into permanent employment for a stated
number of days each week, this class of work being principally in the domestic service branch.
The work of the Handicap sections, although included in the aggregate figures, is dealt
with in a separate paragraph.
The chart shows the rise and fall of applications for employment, employers' orders, and
placement of applicants by weeks. The only sharp fluctuations are in January, when relief-work
was opened up, and in August, during the transfer of'labour to the Prairie Provinces for the
harvest. As in previous years, the number of applicants for employment greatly exceeded the
number of positions available, and this is graphically shown by the heavy increase in applicants
when the harvest-work became available in August.
Business transacted Monthly, 1925.
Month.
January	
February 	
March	
April	
May.....	
June	
July	
August	
September.	
October	
November	
December	
Totals
Applications.
10,648
10,518
10,301
9,079
10,509
8,046
7,731
15,753
9,350
9,173
7,844
6,899
121,851
Employers'
Orders.
3,857
2,750
2,626
2,740
3,918
3,218
3,934
5,539
4,395
4,318
2,110
1,757
41,162
Placements.
3.783
2,697
2,557
2,596
3,747
3,132
3,698
5,055
4,099
4,266
2,044
1,692
39,366
Transfers
in B.C.
151
37
84
100
107
72
84
186
126
83
46
20
1,096
Transfers
to other
Provinces.
3
3
48
345
112
10
11
7,162
2,387
2
3
1
10,087
Business transacted by Offices, 1925.
Office.
Cranbrook 	
Fernie   (3 months)	
Kamloops 	
Nanaimo	
Nelson	
New Westminster 	
Penticton  	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke	
Vancouver (Richards Street).
Vancouver (Powell Street)	
Vancouver (Women).	
Vemon	
Victoria..".	
Victoria (Women)	
Totals	
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
to other
Provinces.
4,600
2,136
1,800
1
74
38
29
41
3,897
1,491
1,257
17
454
1,319
491
470
5,858
1,408
1,317
10
286
5,695
1,986
1,933
19
747
2,633
1,089
998
1
159
1,738
1,332
1,204
31
511
9,793
1,156
1,093
8
455
1,213
516
410
9
125
27,024
4,497
4,317
327
5,813
27,110
12,044
11,995
527
1
13,366
6,335
6,112
133
422
2,941
490
452
4
404
10,882
4,110
4,103
2
569
3,084
2,052
1,864
1
67
121,851
41,162
39,300
1,090
10.087 Harvest-labour for Prairie Provinces.
If an illustration is necessary to demonstrate the value of a thoroughly co-ordinated
Employment Service operating in all of the Provinces, the co-operation between the Services of
Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba in providing employment on the farms of those Provinces
under guaranteed conditions for residents of this Province is an excellent example. Started in
1921 for the purpose of relieving unemployment in the Coast area of this Province, the original
arrangements have been continued, with minor amendments, from year to year, the principal
change being an enlargement of the territory in this Province to which the reduced rates are
made applicable. During the four years more than 34,000 men and women have been assisted
by the Employment Service to obtain employment in the three Prairie Provinces, and the complaints received have not averaged one per thousand persons so employed.
Through the extension of the territory to which the reduced rates granted by the railways
apply, the opportunity of securing employment has been made available to a large number of
settlers who have taken up land in this Province, but who have not got sufficient land under
cultivation to enable them to continue without work for which an immediate cash return is
received. In addition to supplying this need, harvest-labour enables many settlers to work on
their own lands during the winter months, instead of congesting the labour market of the cities
and towns at a season when men are very plentiful and jobs equally scarce.
All records for the transfer from this Province of the harvest-labourers were broken in 1925,
the offices forwarding, during the month of August, 9,471 persons, of whom 579 were women.
Of this number 4,491 were in possession of letters from farmers by whom they had previously
been employed, offering work for the season, compared with 3,913 in 1924, 2,358 in 1923, and
1,004 in 1922, indicating that the services of persons sent through the offices of the Employment
Service are satisfactory to the employers, and that the terms and working conditions offered are
acceptable to the workers. From 297 rural communities 2,231 settlers were sent, an increase
of over 100 per cent, compared with the previous year.
The harvest-labour movement from this Province has developed into a service of value to
farmers of the Prairie Provinces, as evidenced by the fact that each year more men are ordered
than our offices are able to supply. Judging by the number of men and women who accept this
employment each year, and the few complaints received regarding wages or working conditions,
the opportunity is equally satisfactory to our citizens, and when employers and workers are both
satisfied a distinct step of progress has been made.
The Service and the Fruit Industry.
Reference has been made in previous reports to the labour problem in the fruit-growing
sections of the Province. Dependent entirely on such casual labour as is available during the
picking season, the source of supply is practically confined to young people attending schools of
the higher grades who are on vacation.
Each year in which an average or heavy crop of berries is produced the Employment Service
offices are besieged by growers in need of pickers. Except in the Victoria District, the number
who are willing to accept this class of employment is steadily decreasing. The young people
have come to the conclusion that no adequate return can be secured for the amount of labour
required, and advertisements and special attractions do not interest a sufficient number to pick
the crop. During the past two years it has been necessary to use a number of unemployed men,
but the earnings are not such as warrant men in accepting this employment except as a last
resort.
In the canning branch of the industry, however, where the rates of wages for women are
fixed by the Minimum Wage Board, no difficulty has been experienced in meeting the labour
requirements, although some of the plants are situated at considerable distances from the source
of labour-supply, transportation costs being an additional handicap.
From the experience of the Employment Service offices with the fruit-picking problem, it
appears as though the only solution, in the interests of the growers who offer the highest rates
and best living conditions, is to apply the Minimum Wage Law to this industry. This would
discourage the practice of engaging help in advance of the time the fruit is ready to pick and
hiring more pickers than can earn the minimum wage at the piece-work rates offered, on account
of insufficient fruit ready for picking. The money spent by growers for newspaper advertising
and in providing special attractions would go a long way towards meeting any additional cost 16 Geo. 5 Eeport of the Deputy Minister. G 45
incurred under this plan, and the knowledge that a minimum wage would be paid would attract
an older and more satisfactory class of women as pickers, with a reduction in loss of fruit and
a decrease in expenses for supervision. An alternative scheme is for the growers to fix a
minimum wage through their associations, and if the organizations are sufficiently strong to
enforce discipline among the members, this plan is almost as effective as the application of the
Statute. The farmers' organizations in the Prairie Provinces have been following this plan
for several years, and if a member pays below the minimum agreed upon, he has difficulty in
obtaining help and is taken to task by other members in the district for bringing the district into
disrepute and adversely affecting their labour-supply. The Employment Service has forwarded
30,000 men under this arrangement, and the total complaints in four years have not exceeded
twenty in number.
Employment for Disabled ex-Service Men.
With 5,500 Canadians and between 1,500 and 2,000 Imperial pensioners in this Province, and
three-fourths of these men located on the Lower Mainland and the southern end of Vancouver
Island, and new arrivals coming from other Provinces of Canada and other parts of the Empire
every week, the problem of finding employment, despite the number placed through our offices
and through their own efforts, remains one of the first magnitude.
Heavy enlistments from this Province, and the fact that the Dominion Government permitted
members of the Canadian Expeditionary Forces to take their discharge in any part of Canada,
is primarily responsible for the presence of such a large percentage of handicapped ex-service
men in this Province, an additional reason being the milder climate of the Coast area, which
attracts a constant stream of new-comers. Industrial activities native to this Province, such as
mining, lumbering, and fishing, which in the main require men who are physically fit, and in
which a large number of accidents creating handicaps occur, do not lend themselves to the
absorption of handicapped men, and these industries are incapable of absorbing all of the men
injured in them. The proportion of what may be termed light manufacturing is comparatively
small, with a corresponding dearth of opportunities to place men with impaired faculties in
employment.
The official responsibility for the care of handicapped ex-service men rests with the
Dominion Government, although in this Province, by direction of the Honourable Minister of
Labour, a special effort has been made through the Employment Service offices and by direct
appeal of the Minister to employers to find employment for such handicapped ex-service men as
are able to perform any labour. Until December 1st, 1924, the Dominion Government Department
of Soldiers' Civil Re-establishment operated an employment branch to take care of handicap
cases, but it was the view of the Dominion Government officials that this work could be better
handled through the offices of the Employment Service of Canada, and an agreement was made
between the Dominion and Provincial Governments providing for this change, on the understanding that any additional expense for staff or travelling expenses would be met by the
Dominion Government. Under the new arrangement special sections were created in the Vancouver and Victoria offices, and the employees in these sections devote their full.time to the
work of finding suitable employment for the handicapped men registered for employment, and
suitable men to fill positions where the employer is willing to accept men with impaired faculties.
During the period of thirteen months this arrangement has been in force the offices placed
1,830 men, and of this number 1,090 were for periods of employment ranging from one week to
permanence, the balance, 800, being casual jobs which lasted less than a week. The descriptions
of employment cover 140 different occupations and alphabetically range from accountants to
watchmen.
The Vancouver office was responsible for 1,086 of the placements, the Victoria office effecting
the balance of 804. Although this branch was organized primarily to take care of the handicapped ex-service men, some attention has been paid to men handicapped through injuries
received in the industrial life of the Province, and seventy-nine of these men were sent to
positions where the employment lasted longer than one week, and ninety-six to casual work.
A large proportion of the placements with prospects of permanency are of men skilled or semiskilled, the most difficult class to place being those without specialized knowledge and compelled
to accept labouring-work which they are physically unable to perform. Men suffering from
shell-shock, deafness, double amputations, mental weakness, and old age are extremely hard to
find employment for, and sooner or later these men will have to be placed in the unemployable G 46
partment of Labour.
class and their maintenance provided by municipal authorities in the case of industrial handicaps,
or by the Dominion Government where the condition was caused by service overseas. Having
regard for the difficulties encountered, a fair measure of success was met with in this important
work.
The Policy of the Service.
The aim of the Employment Service is to connect workers in search of employment with
employers who require help. An effort is made to absorb local residents who are registered for
employment before sending for or encouraging persons to come from other districts, and in the
case of settlers on the land, local superintendents have standing instructions to give these men
a preference over the migratory workers, who are often of alien birth and have not become
citizens of this country. There is now little excuse for -workmen wasting time and money
travelling from one part of the country in search of employment, as every office of the Employment Service is furnished with a weekly report showing the conditions of employment in all
the centres of the four Western Provinces, and these reports are open to any one on application.
The Service co-operates with other Government departments, notably that dealing with
immigration, and furnishes reports at frequent intervals showing the degree of unemployment
prevailing in different parts of the Province. This has the effect of discouraging the immigration
of persons for whom there is no employment available. This is particularly important in the
case of women, and the information received from the Employment Service is extensively used
by the Women's Division of the Department of Immigration.
Now closing its seventh year, the Employment Service has become a strong link in the
industrial life of the Province and, through its co-ordinated service with the other Provinces,
a factor in the affairs of other parts of Canada. While the question of the relative merits of
free employment offices and fee-charging agencies may at one time have been debatable, practical
demonstration has settled whatever difference of opinion existed, except, perhaps, in some groups
w'tiere a service is demanded which, in fairness to other citizens, cannot be given through the
offices of the Employment Service of Canada. 16 Geo. 5 Eeport of the Deputy Minister. G 47
INSPECTION OF FACTORIES.
Chief Inspector ., R. J. Stewart.
Assistant Inspector H.   Douglas.
Assistant Inspector Miss A. C. McMullin.
Assistant Inspector Miss Violet Smart.
(Office Court-house, Vancouver.)
The following report is submitted by the Chief Inspector of Factories:—
In submitting the annual report on the work of factory inspection for the year 1925, I am
glad to be able to record a substantial improvement in the industrial activities of the Province.
This condition is made manifest by the attitude of the executives with whom we come in contact,
as the industrial conditions of the times have a direct bearing on the amount of voluntary
co-operation we receive from the management in our efforts to maintain and improve the working
conditions of the employees.
The past year has been one in which large additions have been made to some of the factories,
and it is encouraging to note that when the plans for these additions are being designed, the
health, comfort, and safety of the employees are receiving due consideration.
While the law demands that certain conditions shall exist in the factory, it is gratifying to
know that we have in this Province large employers of labour who voluntarily comply with all
rules and regulations pertaining to the welfare and safety of their employees. We have been
watching with a good deal of interest the steady expansion of some of the smaller industries
which we believe are now firmly established, and which will ultimately become large employers
of labour.
Accident-prevention.
In former years accident-prevention measures consisted largely of noting and calling attention to unguarded gears, belts, pulleys, saws, and other mechanical hazards which, were only too
prevalent in the majority of plants visited. While we, to-day, still find it necessary to issue
orders to have mechanical safeguards installed, we note that each year our orders in this respect
are greatly decreasing in number. It is encouraging to notice the changed attitude of the employers and workers towards the use of mechanical safeguards, as they realize these are installed
for their protection.
We still have with us, however, an occasional workman who considers it a reflection on his
ability or courage to have certain mechanical safeguards installed, and we find it extremely
difficult to get a workman of this type interested in safety. In cases of this nature satisfactory
results are obtained only when the workman has been convinced that a guard is necessary and
will afford protection.
The results obtained in preventing industrial accidents depend largely on the interest displayed by the management and foreman in charge. Experience has proved that when the
responsibility for the safety of the workmen has been placed upon the shoulders of the foremen
in charge of the several departments, the result has invariably been a reduction in the number
of accidents. Every effort is made by this Department, when a problem in safeguarding presents
itself, to assist the foreman in finding the best means of preventing accidents without decreasing
production.
Prosecutions.
The number of prosecutions for infractions of the statutory rules governing hours of labour
and holidays in the operations of laundries shows a considerable increase over that of last year.
The Oriental laundries in different portions of the Province have been the greatest offenders in
this respect. It requires constant efforts on the part of the inspectorate to compel the operators
to observe the regulations. A number of informations were laid, convictions secured, and fines
levied for violations of these sections of the Act during the fiscal year 1925-26, the money
penalties inflicted during the year amounting to $1,300.
Overtime Permits.
Owing to increased business several industrial establishments have requested overtime
permits. These have been granted in all instances where our investigations warranted the
issuing of same. Owing to these conditions some firms have found it necessary to request the
maximum yearly exemption allowed under the " Factories Act." G 48
Department of Labour.
1925
Complaints.
All legitimate complaints which are brought to the notice of the inspectorate receive immediate attention. With reference to complaints made anonymously, however, very few are
substantiated, and as it is not possible to communicate with and inform the writers that the
matter complained of is not illegal, or is outside the scope of the " Factories Act," the impression
is no doubt left in their minds that the Inspectors are dilatory in the performance of their duties.
If the " Factories Act " as a whole were more generally understood by the employees of factories
coming under the jurisdiction of the inspectorate, it would relieve the office of a good deal of
unnecessary work and would be more satisfactory to all concerned. It has been the practice to
encourage employees to report any infractions of the Act which may come to'their notice, and
assurance is given that the informant's name will not be divulged, and that all complaints,
written or oral, will be treated as strictly confidential.
Elevators.
During the past year a great many alterations and improvements have been made to
passenger-elevators throughout the Province in compliance with official requirements. The inspection and testing of these elevators has taken a great deal of the Inspectors' time. A number
of instances could be cited where the safety devices on the cars were found to be inoperative
owing to faulty installation and improper adjustment. As there is no form of conveyance that
is more generally used by the public than the passenger-elevator, it requires constant vigilance
on the part of the operators and those in charge of maintenance in order that the confidence
placed in this mode of travel shall be maintained.
In view of the fact that elevator service has become so commonplace and is a free means
of transportation, no complete record is kept of the number of passengers carried. Records that
have been kept in some cities show that more people are carried on passenger-elevators than on
all subways, elevated and surface lines combined. As giving some idea of the number of people
carried on the elevators in Vancouver, we have received from the management of one of the
largest office buildings in that city a traffic-sheet showing the number of passengers carried on
the elevators of the building during the week ending February 22nd. Five elevator-cars in all
were used, the number varying at different periods of the day, and the service being maintained
from 8 a.m. to 11 p.m. The number of passengers carried during the week, one way only, was
23,407. Between 8 and 9 a.m. on the seven days of the week there were 963 passengers, and in
the next hour the number rose to 2,406. During the ordinary business hours of the day there
was little variation from this figure, the totals for the different hours being: 10 to 11 a.m.,
2,865; 11 to 12 a.m., 2,554; 12 noon to 1 p.m., 2,249; 1 to 2 p.m., 2,527; 2 to 3 p.m., 2,684; 3 to
4 p.m., 2,479; 4 to 5 p.m., 2,115. Between 5 and 6 p.m. there were 976; between 6 and 7 p.m.,
307; and then, in the four hours from 7 to 11 p.m., there were 1,282, or an average of 321 each
hour. It was found that Friday was the busiest day of the week, the totals carried on the
different days being: Monday, 4,145; Tuesday, 4,060; Wednesday, 3,877; Thursday, 3,986;
Friday, 4,172 ;   Saturday, 3,419;   Sunday, 322. 16 Geo. 5 Eeport of the Deputy Minister. G 49
REPORT OF THE MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Officials of the Board :
Miss Mabel A. Cameron, Secretary Parliament Buildings, Victoria.
Miss Violet Smart, Inspector Court-house, Vancouver.
To the Honourable the Minister of Labour,
Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—The report which we have the honour to submit covers the activities of the Minimum
Wage Board of British Columbia for its eighth year. This' annual accounting is for the twelve
months ended December 31st, 1925.
The personnel of the Board has remained the same since its inception in 1918. Routine
work of administering the Act and Orders has occupied the time of the members and officials.
The Inspector has made many investigations in different parts of the Province. Complaints
regarding real or fancied infractions have been thoroughly looked into, and where adjustments
in wages and hours have been necessary these have been effected.
Arrears of Wages collected.
Each year as the regulations become better understood the Board experiences more helpful
co-operation from the majority of employers in the administration of the Act and regulations
made thereunder. During the year, however, minor infractions occurred and the Board took
up the matter of underpayment of wages with employers and employees. The law provides that
in cases where workers have been paid less than the amounts to which they are entitled they
may recover by civil action the difference between what they were paid and the minimum wage,
together with costs and solicitors' fees fixed by the Court. With the help of the Board, and
without recourse to legal proceedings, which are distasteful to employees, the sum of $2,887.82
was collected in arrears for 219 women workers in various parts of the Province.
The girls who shared in this amount were engaged in many distinct occupations. On the list
appeared clerks in stores selling dry-goods, men's furnishings, groceries, flowers, confectionery,
and meat. Factories manufacturing tents, garments, biscuits, and paper made adjustments with
. employees who had been paid less than the legal minimum. Hotels, cafes, beauty-parlours, fruit-
canneries, offices, dressmaking and millinery establishments also contributed their respective
quotas in making up arrears for their employees.
Cases taken to Court.
During the year the Board sometimes had occasion to institute Court proceedings against
employers for violations of the " Minimum Wage Act" and Orders. Appended below is a brief
outline of the various cases:—
1. An information was laid against an employer for failure to pay the minimum wage as
prescribed by the Manufacturing Order. When the case was called the defendant pleaded guilty
and was fined $50, as this was his second offence.    The minimum fine is $25.
2 and 3. Under the Public Housekeeping Order the proprietor of a cafe was fined $25 for
employing his help longer hours than permitted by law. Later in the year a change occurred
in the management of this restaurant and a waitress was employed for excessive hours. Proceedings were instituted, and before the case was called efforts were made by the proprietor to
have it withdrawm. The Inspector, who had charge of the matter, naturally would not consent
to this and the employer, an Oriental, was fined $25, or, in default, one month.
4. A hotelkeeper in one of the smaller towns near the Coast was paying wages below the
legal minimum.. When the case came to Court a fine of $25 was imposed for his infringement
of the Public Housekeeping Order.
5. An employee in a beauty-parlour was receiving lower wages than she was entitled to
under the Personal Service Order. A conviction was obtained against her employer, who was
fined $25 by the Police Magistrate.
6. A firm of manufacturers failed to pay the minimum wage to an operator. For this breach
of the Order governing the Manufacturing Industry a $25 fine was levied.
4 G 50
Department of Labour.
1925
7. An infraction of the provisions of the Order dealing with the Office Occupation, whereby
an employer paid one of his staff too little, was the basis of a Police Court case. The defendant,
through his lawyer, pleaded that it was not a case of " not paying the minimum wage," but
merely a matter of being " in arrears with wages." Judgment was reserved, but when the
Magistrate handed down his decision he said the defendant's actions were wrong and his attitude
was an indirect method of evading the law. The employer was found guilty, fined $25, or, in
default, distress or ten days.
8. A charge was laid against a cafg proprietor for paying wages below the prescribed
minimum.    Through counsel he pleaded guilty and was fined $25.
9. On behalf of two employees in a restaurant in the Interior of the Province separate
charges were laid against the proprietor for employing them excessively long hours. The
accused pleaded " not guilty" to each charge, but after hearing the evidence the Magistrate
convicted and imposed a $50 fine, being $25 for each infringement.
10. A manufacturer was taken to Court for not paying the minimum wage. This case had
some unusual features. One young lady was advised, when taken on, that no wages were paid
but a bonus of $10 a month was given to start, and a monthly tuition fee of $1 was payable.
She paid this sum shortly after she commenced work. At the end of her first month she was
given a cheque for $9 and a receipt for $1 for the next month's tuition fee. This was the general
practice in the establishment."
Defendant's counsel argued that his client was conducting a school. The Magistrate replied
that the employer's action was either legal or illegal and the case had been brought into Court
to determine whether it was lawful to allow girls to work for below the minimum wage. After
taking into consideration the evidence submitted, his judgment was that the defendant was
guilty of an offence under the Act, and he thereupon imposed a fine of $25.
11. The proprietor of a cabaret was taken to Court for violation of the Public Housekeeping
Order. The accused had promised his waitresses $2 a night for approximately four hours' work,
which was in excess of the legal rate. After working a few nights, but before they had received
any money at all, the employer told the girls business did not warrant these wages, and he would
be forced to alter his agreement with them, and make it $1 per night, which would be lower
than the Order provided. It was on this arrangement that the charge was laid. The girls were
still without any pay when they were advised by their employer that he could not afford to pay
them at all and they would have to depend on tips from the patrons. At the trial the defendant
pleaded guilty. Judgment, however, was reserved in order to allow the employer to make an
adjustment and settlement with the girls. The Magistrate explained that the Police Court was
not the proper channel for the collection of a debt, but he would like to see the wrong righted.
When the case came up again the accused was unable to liquidate his indebtedness to the
employees. The Magistrate was emphatic in his condemnation of the employer's behaviour,
and in handing down judgment asserted that, in his opinion, this was not a case for the
minimum fine of $25. He then imposed a $50 penalty, and, in default of payment, one month's
imprisonment. The employees did not start civil proceedings for the collection of their wages
although advised to do so.
12. A Police Court case against a fruit-canning establishment at the Coast was dismissed
on a technicality. The Judge's interpretation of one clause in the Order precluded a decision
favourable to the Board.
13. A company whose workers were covered by the Order governing the Manufacturing
Industry employed an operator at the apprentice wage, although she had had sufficient experience
to entitle her to the rate for skilled workers. Proceedings were taken against the company, and
the official appearing for the firm pleaded " not guilty." The employee to whom the low wages
were paid and the Board's Inspector were called as witnesses. Having heard their evidence, the
Magistrate registered a conviction and imposed a fine of $25.
14. Action was taken in Victoria against a so-called barber college, which charged a high
tuition fee, and allowed the girls a percentage of their earnings while learning. As the rates
to the public were lower than in hairdressing-parlours employing skilled operators, the young
lady upon whose evidence the Board relied received considerably less than the Order governing
the Personal Service Occupation prescribed. The Magistrate registered a conviction for infringement of the regulations and the manager was fined $25. ■
16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 51
At the same time a case was pending in Vancouver against an allied concern there. The
conditions were analogous, but the Terminal City Magistrate, having heard exhaustive evidence,
deferred judgment for a week. In handing down his decision he said that while the accused's
method of doing business was, in his opinion, a deliberate attempt to evade the Act, he was not
technically guilty, in that the relationship of employer and employee did not exist within the
meaning of the " Minimum Wage Act," and for that reason he felt he could not convict.
The Board thereupon appealed his decision by taking a stated case to the Supreme Court of
British Columbia. This was heard before the Chief Justice, who upheld the judgment of the
Police Court Magistrate.
Prior to this decision the accused in the Victoria case had given notice of appeal, but in view
of the result of the Supreme Court case in Vancouver, which would serve as a precedent, the
Board consented to a withdrawal.
For the sake of the girls who are receiving unfair treatment at these establishments the
Board has tried to obtain redress. Unfortunately its efforts have not met with success, and until
the Act is amended the Board has been advised the decision of the Courts in all probability will
be in favour of the " schools."
Statistical Report.
In the annual pay-roll forms dispatched to employers throughout the Province a slight
innovation was introduced. Formerly it has been the practice of the Board to request statistical
information for a definite week designated on the return. This time, however, the return was
required for the week in which the greatest number had been employed during 1925. This,
together with the fact that many firms were added to the list, accounts for the appreciable gain
in the number of women employees reported. Particulars relating to 11,597 workers were
furnished in 1924, but for the following year the corresponding figure was 13,899. This gain
of 2,302 employees was spread over 2,804 firms.
The appended tables are compiled to cover the nine industries and occupations for which
Orders have been promulgated. A summarized version of these Orders will be found in the
Appendix.
Mercantile Industry.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under IS years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
382
2,574
442
$39,017.26
$4,000.50
$15.10
$9.05
14.66%
43.24
335
2,124
341
$32,203.49
$3,028.00
$15.16
$8.88
13.83%
42.95
325
2,000
364
$30,520.25
$3,321.00
$15.26
$9.12
15.4%
42.95
$27;
320
1,828
283
577.19
i,682.00
$15.09
$9.48
13.4%
43.7
278
1,788
256
28,601.35
$2,389.50
$15.99
$9.33
12.52%
44.17
While an appreciable increase in the number of firms is noted for 1925, the average weekly
wage for employees 18 years of age or over remained at exactly the same figure as for the
previous year—namely, $15.16. The weekly average for the younger workers discloses an
increase from $8.88 in 1924 to $9.05 in 1925.
Of the 3,016 employees approximately 22y2 per cent, are in receipt of wages ranging between
$12 and $13 weekly. The legal minimum in this occupation is $12.75 weekly, which accounts
for the fairly high proportion falling in this class. There were 510 employees receiving between
$15 and $16 per week.
With the weekly half-holiday in vogue in the larger centres the working-week for 52.8 per
cent, of the women and girls in the mercantile industry is either 44 or 45 hours. The 44-hour
week is the regular working period of 38.5 per cent, of the employees. G 52
Department of Labour.
1925
Laundry Industry.
1925
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
53
654
101
$9,545.70
$1,085.00
$14.60
$10.74
13.38%
45.46
53
625
84
i8,859.00
$889.00
$14.17
$10.58
11.85%
43.69
53
558
60
$8,026.50
$667.00
$14.38
$11.12
9.71%
44.33
46
474
101
$6,880.00
$1,215.50
$14.51
$12.03
17.57%
44.73
33
449
70
$6,478.50
$837.00
$14.43
$11.96
13.49%
44.74
For each of the years 1923, 1924, aand 1925 returns have been received from 53 firms.
Reference to the table reveals that an increasing number of employees was reported for each
of the three successive periods.
Of the 53 firms, 34 were classified as laundries, the remaining 19 being dry-cleaning or
dyeing establishments. The average weekly wage for the entire industry was found to be
$14.60 for adult workers and $10.74 for girls under 18 years of age, both sums showing a gain
over the 1924 averages.    The legal minimum for experienced workers is $13.50 per week.
The wages paid in the cleaning and dyeing plants to 60 employees 18 years of age or over
exceeded those prevailing in laundries for 585 workers to such an extent that, whereas the
average in the former line of work was $17.21 weekly, it was but $14.29 for laundresses.   -
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years ...
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years ...
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under IS years...
Average hours worked per week	
356
1,450
67
$23,763.16
$990.50
$16.39
$14.78
4.42%
45.38
314
1,316
49
$21,493.42
$730.00
$16.33
$14.90
3.59%
45.97
287
1,174
47
$19,164.50
.50
$16.32
$14.61
3.85%
45.42
287
1,171
44
$18,718.25
$658.00
$15.98
$14.95
3.62%
46.23
242
994
26
$15,774.06
$373.00
$15.87
$14.35
2.55?
45.26
Besides compiling figures for this industry in its entirety, the returns were arranged in four
classifications according to the places where the employees were working, whether in hotels,
restaurants and cafes, ice-cream parlours, or in elevators. The legal minimum for experienced
adult workers is $14 a week, but the average for 1925 stands at $16.39. The weekly average
in hotels is $16.98; in restaurants and cafes, $16.08; in ice-cream parlours, $15.23. Elevator
operators average $14.53 weekly, or just 53 cents in excess of the minimum wage.
Under this Order it is permissible to make an allowance of not more than $3 a week for
lodging and $5.25 for a full week's board of 21 meals. When less than 21 meals are provided
the allowance is figured proportionately. In cases where board and lodging are furnished their
cash equivalents are included as part of the wages.
Returns for 1925 revealed both an increase in wages for experienced workers and a slight
reduction in hours. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 53
Office Occupation.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years	
Under 18 years	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week	
1,523
3,354
128
$06,215.99
$1,640.00
$19.74
$12.81
3.68%
41.84
1,171
2,799
92
$54,758.49
$1,113.50
$19.56
$12.10
3.18%
41.9
1,133
2,595
93
$50,285.00
$1,155.50
$19.38
$12.42
3.5%
41.90
1,097
2,502
91
$48,341.00
$1,110.50
$19.32
$12.20
3.5%
41.93
1,043
2,434
50
$47,155.97
$577.00
$19.37
$11.54
2.01%
40.89
The 1925 returns accounted for 3,482 clerical employees. The 1924 total was thus surpassed
by 591 office-workers. Recalling that the wage prescribed by Order for experienced employees
is $15 per week, it is worthy of note that the average stands at $19.7"4. Excluding the seasonal
industries, this average is considerably higher than any of the others with which the Board deals.
A gain in the average wage is recorded also for the younger workers. During 1924 it stood at
$12.10, while the following year brings it up to $12.81. In this occupation there is the desirable
'.combination of relatively high remuneration and a shorter working-week than is required in
most other lines of endeavour.
Only 3.68 per cent, of the employees reported in this class of work were under 18 years of
age. This is one of the vocations which requires a definite, methodical training, so that by the
time the girls have finished school and completed a business course most of them have reached
or passed their eighteenth birthday anniversary. Employers, too, are reluctant to delegate
responsibility to a young girl.
Personal Service Occupation.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years  	
Under 18 yeais  	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years 	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years	
Employees under 18 years	
Percentage of employees under 18 years-
Average hours worked per week	
65
221
18
$3,824.20
$220.00
$17.30
$12.22
7.53%
36.15
34
126
22
$2,009.79
$239.50
$15.95
$10.89
14.86%
38.14
34
91
18
$1,534.68
$208.00
$16.87
$11.56
16.51%
40.07
32
78
19
$1,196.00
$214.00
$15.33
$11.26
19.59%
38.03
22
69
18
$1,077.50
$203.00
$15.62
$11.28
20.06%
38.52
The Board received returns from 65 firms, covering 239 employees. The increased number
of reports over the previous year is attributed to the phenomenal growth of the beauty-parlour
business. One hundred and forty-two employees were doing this kind of work, 82 were acting
as ushers and theatre attendants, while the remaining 15 were attached to other branches of the
occupation covered by the Order.
Average wages for both adult and girl employees advanced over 1924, the former from
$15.95 weekly to $17.30 and the latter from $10.89 to $12.22. A drop occurred in the average
working-week. For 1925 it averaged 36.15 hours, compared with the week of 38.14 hours for
the previous year.    This extremely short working-week is due to the fact that theatre ushers are G 54
Department op Labour.
1925
on duty for brief and irregular periods.   Their hours averaged separately resulted in a working-
week of 27.63 hours being ascribed to these employees.
The percentage of employees under 18 years of age has fallen from 14.86 in 1924 to 7.53
in 1925.
Fishing Industry.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
21
2
$489.50
$24.00
$23.31
$12.00
8.7%
47.13
34
5
$601.44
$55.00
$17.69
$11.00
12.82%
50.59
31
1
$489.50
$13.50
$15.79
$13.50
3.12%
49.12
50
15
$778.00
$181.50
$15.56
$12.10
23.08%
46.OS
12
36
12
$534.00
$143.50
$14.81
$11.96
25.00%
41.5
Owing to the fact that the Order of the Board does not deal with employees engaged in
canning fish comparatively few establishments are affected. Where fish are prepared for market
by salting, smoking, or curing, by processes other than canning, the regulations of the Order
prevail. The prescribed legal minimum rate for experienced workers is $15.50 per week—the
highest of the nine Provincial Orders. The average for the experienced workers amounts to
$23.31, many of the workers being on piece rates. A year is allowed for training. In calculating the average wage for learners it was found to be $12 a week.
The busiest months in this industry, according to the firms reporting, are July and August.
Telephone and Telegraph Occupation.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
80
1,312
220
$23,605.31
$2,655.00
$17.99
$12.07
14.36%
42.64
97
1,192
218
$21,256.75
$2,555.50
$17.83
$11.72
15.469
42.29
94
1,089
204
$19,426.18
$2,289.50
$17.84
$11.22
15.78%
41.34
83
1,084
142
$18,098.50
$1,550.00
$17.25
$10.92
11.58%
41.53
$15,
$2,
98S
158
980.37
113.50
$16.18
$13.38
13.8%
41.7
The 1,532 employees in this occupation are operators in telephone and telegraph companies
or operators of switchboards in hotels, offices, and other business concerns. Glancing at the
average wages for experienced and inexperienced employees, one notes a slight upward tendency
since 1924. The prescribed minimum for employees who have had the necessary training is $15
a week, but the average surpasses this standard by $2.99. The average wage for inexperienced
operators is $12.07, as against $11.72 for 1924.
A 42-hour week is very general in this occupation, no less than 447 operators being on duty
for this length of time each week. A 44-hour week is the regular working period of 401
employees. 16 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 55
Fruit and Vegetable Industry.
1925.
1924.
1923.
39
39
-    28
Number of employees—
Time.
783
222
$13,913.21
$2,170.00
$17.77
$9.77
Piece.
341
189
$6,923.65
$1,570.00
$20.30
$8.31
Time.
625
148
$9,849.70
$1,225.50
$15.76
$8.28
Piece.
252
65
$4,975.19
$573.50
$19.74
$8.82
Time.
669
93
$11,302.50
$931.50
$16.89
$10.02
Piece.
298
122
Total weekly wages—
$5,256.00
$744.50
Average weekly wages—
$17.64
$6.10
oyees.-.
(time-
Percentage of inexperienced emp
Average hours worked per week
workers)	
26.78%
47.50
19.54%
43.29
18.19%
47.77
The workers in this seasonal industry are employed either in jam and vegetable canneries
or in fruit packing and shipping houses. The work of picking in the fields and orchards is
excluded from the jurisdiction of the Act, although it is true that many women and girls assist
in the actual gathering of the crops.
Average wages for experienced employees ranged from $16.73 weekly (the figure for time-
workers in the canneries) to $21.64 averaged by the piece-workers in the packing-houses. The
average for all experienced time-workers in the industry worked out at $17.77, while the
corresponding figure for the piece-workers is $20.30. As the wage set by Order is $14 it will
be seen that employees earn well in advance of that sum. On the other hand, however, the
season is extremely short and the earning period is limited. It is rarely that work is provided
during the whole year. A few plants, located chiefly at the Coast, furnish continuous employment for their staffs.
Manufacturing Industry.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Experienced	
Inexperienced	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week	
1,471
329
$24,415f40
$3,409.00
$16.60
$10.36
18.28%
44.77
240
1,262
218
$20,510.60
$2,235.00
$16.25
$10.25
14.73%
43.65
234
1,107
249
$18,707.46
$2,494.50
$16.90
$10.02
18.36%
43.S2
231
1,093
203
$17,485.00
$2,150.50
$16.00
$10.59
15.66%
43.92
SI
199
1,145
298
323.42
2,939.00
$16.00
$9.86
20.65%
42.63
The minimum wage for experienced workers in this industry is $14 per week. For inexperienced employees three schedules of wages and learning periods prevail. Reference to this Order
in the Appendix discloses that workers in the branches of the industry requiring least skill are
allowed the shortest learning period before becoming entitled to the $14 weekly rate. The next
grouping includes occupations in which more time must be spent in training; while the most
skilled trades are classified in the third division.
The average weekly wage for experienced workers in the whole industry is $16.60. The
average for the trades in Schedule 1 worked out at $15.02, for Schedule 2 it was $16.36, and for
Schedule 3, $18.37, showing that after experience has been acquired the employees who had most
training are compensated with highest remuneration.   Employees in the least skilled occupations G 56
partment op Labour.
1925
have the longest average week—namely, 46.15 hours. Those in trades covered by Schedule 2
average 44.13 hours, while the workers in the most skilled group have the shortest average week,
amounting to 43.9 hours.    The average for the industry as a whole is a 44.77-hour week.
In this occupation, therefore, it will be noted that the highest average wage is paid where
the average working-week is of shortest duration, and, conversely, the lowest average wage is
paid in the group that has the longest working-week. To this extent most advantageous conditions from a worker's view-point exist in those branches of the industry enumerated in Schedule
3 of the Order.
Summary op all Occupations.
1925.
1924.
1923.
1922.
1921.
Number of firms reporting	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years, or experienced-..
Under 18 years, or inexperienced..
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced	
Employees  under  18  years,  or
inexperienced	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced	
Employees  under  18  years,  or
inexperienced	
Percentage of employees under 18
years,  or inexperienced	
Average hours worked per week	
2,804
12,181
1,718
$211,713.38
$17,764.00
$17.38
$10.34
12.36"
43.58
2,287
10,355
1,242
$176,517.87
$12,644.50
$17.05
$10.18
10.71%
43.09
2,195
9,612
1,251
$164,712.57
$12,511.50
$17.14
$10.00
11.52%
43.31
2,135
8,989
1,242
$152,890.94
$12,546.50
$17.00
$10.10
12.14%
43.28
1,923
8,592
1,130
5147,084.68
$11,671.10
$17.12
$10.33
11.63%
42.96
The Board's list of employers was augmented during the year, with the result that the
number of returns received for 1935 totalled 2,804. The corresponding figure for the previous
year was 2,287. It will be observed, therefore, that 517 additional firms employing women and
girls complied with the requirements of the Act by filing their returns with the Board. These
related to 13,899 women and girl employees, of whom 12,181 were either over 18 years of age
or experienced in their particular line of work.
From the actual figures supplied by employers the weekly average wage for the adult and
skilled workers proved to be $17.38, thus depicting a gain of 33 cents over the average for 1924.
For the group of employees who had not completed their training the weekly average for 1925
was $10.34, as opposed to $10.18 for the prior year.
The " Minimum Wage Act " permits an employer to have 35 per cent, of his female staff
classed as inexperienced employees. The returns r,eveal that but 12.36 per cent, appear in this
category, so the statutory allowance would appear to be more than amply adequate.
The total pay-roll of women and girls for one week amounted to $229,477.38, an increase
of $40,315.01 over the figures for 1924.
Marital Status.
This is the first time that the Board has asked employers to designate whether their
employees are married, widowed, or single. The data furnished in this respect disproved the
theory that girls are merely transients in the working world. Many women workers never
marry, but earn their own living for long periods. On the other hand, from economic necessity,
numbers of women continue to be gainfully employed after marriage.
Statistics show that out of 13,899 wage-earning women 19 per cent, were married, while
4 per cent, of those reported were widows.
In the laundry and dry-cleaning industry 31.1 per cent, of the women recorded are married.
The public housekeeping occupation has a percentage of 30.5 in its ranks. A somewhat higher
ratio prevails in the fishing industry, where 39.1 per cent, of the women employed are married,
many of whom are Indian women. The fruit and vegetable industry, the most seasonal of any
covered by Order of the Board, employed 44.8 per cent, of married women during 1925.   In the 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 57
fruit centres (particularly in the Okanagan) when the rush is on it is customary for many to
work who otherwise would not appear on the employees' lists. To save perishable products
every available hand is needed, and if the response to the call for help is to be adequate it means
many married women volunteer for this work.
The telephone and telegraph occupation has the lowest percentage of married workers—-
namely, 3.9. In comparison with other occupations there are relatively few married women
in office positions. Out of the 3,482 employees reported in clerical work, only 282, or 8.1 per
cent., are classified as married. The occupational distribution of the married women in the other
classes of employment covered by the Board is as follows: Mercantile, 16.5 per cent.; manufacturing, 17.05 per cent.; personal service, 24.3 per cent.
Table showing Labour Turnover in each Group—Number of Employees in Continuous
Service of Employer reporting.
Name of
Industry.
•a
QJ
m
"S
CJ
a
OS
o
2
a
tH
U
■a
a
B
CO
s
GJ
H
oi
o
rH
a
OJ
tH
CO
O
CM     ■
d
0i
o
CO
m
u
ti
<u
PH
io
o
+-»
do
u
a
a>
(H
CO
O
+-J
IO
V,
H
C3
a.
tH
t-
O
eo
w
u
d
OJ
tH
CO
o
r.
3
0i
Oi
o
-H
CO
n
Qi
H
o
0
Ci
a.
>
o
%H
o
*
o
ill
SCO
a
u
ii
375
26
22
65
80
41
1
11
388
1,182
282
834
857
747
79
370
9
783
486
127
230
604
292
32
321
2
70
318
110
155
493
175
33
208
117
207
54
88
356
163
18
122
92
124
35
02
238
108
11
129
34
100
51
48
262
74
5
157
1
23
67
25
25
155
53
8
63
8
42
17
14
133
39
4
46
9
37
7
8
89
25
4
38
2
28
1
7
53
10
2
16
1
44
14
24
177
34
2
61
2
3,016
755
1,517
3,482
1,S00
239
1,532
23
1,535
382
53
Public    house-
356
Office    .
1,523
296
65
86
Manufacturing....
Personal service..
Telephone     and
4
Fruit   and   vege-
39
Totals	
1,009
5,143
2,170
1,015
1,100
741
727
 I
404
304
210
118
358
13,899
2,804
Eength of Service.
The figures in the foregoing table were compiled from the returns and are an indication
of the labour turnover in each of the nine groups. In the office occupation practically 25 per
cent, of the employees have been in their present positions for periods of 5 years and upwards.
In this connection reference to the table will show that 5 per cent, were recorded as having
actually been working for the one employer 10 years or longer. The telephone and telegraph
occupation records a service of 5 years or more for 24.8 per cent, of the employees. To qualify
for positions in office or telephone work considerable more training is necessary than in the
majority of the other classes, and this would seem to have a bearing on the duration of
employment.
It is somewhat difficult to analyse the figures in the fruit and vegetable industry. As the
season lasts less than a year with most plants, over one-half the workers are shown to have been
employed less than 12 months. Of this number doubtless there are some who w;orked in the
same establishment in former years, but all employers do not take this into consideration when
making returns.
Many changes occur in public housekeeping occupations in the early stages of employment.
With a total of 5,143 reported as remaining in their positions less than one year the employment
problem is a vital one to employers.
Record Service and Wages.
In contrast to this seeming lack of permanency under certain conditions, note was made of
the longest individual service in each group. In a mercantile firm in Victoria continuous
employment for 21 years was shown. A wage of $67.50 weekly paid by a Vancouver firm was
the peak salary in the stores. A laundry employee in Vancouver with 15 years' service to her credit held the record in this
line of work.    The highest wage was $34 a week, earned by a laundress in a logging camp.
A Kelowna hotel employee is still with the firm she joined 17 years ago. A company town
paying $39 weekly to one of its staff tops the pay-roll in this occupation.
An office employee in Vancouver with a continuous service record of 32 years leads in this
and all other groups.    The peak wage is $57.50 weekly, also recorded in Vancouver.
In the manufacturing industry a 20-year term in Victoria and a $50 wage in Vancouver are
at the top of their respective lists.
The personal service classification reveals a 12-year employment period and a $55.40 wage.
While both these are claimed by Vancouver they are reported by different firms.
A Victoria employee in telephone-work for over 22 years and a weekly wage of $37 paid
to a Vancouver operater rani highest in this calling.
Two Vancouver establishments share honours for top wages and lengthy service in the fruit
and vegetable industry, with a record of 10 years' employment and $46 earned in one week.
The fishing industry reports $32 paid to one employee for a week's work. The longest
continuous employment shown on the returns is 5 years. Both these items were gleaned from
Vancouver pay-rolls.
Conclusion.
With an ever-increasing number of personal investigations and interviews, with more
telephone inquiries and calls, and correspondence with people in all parts of the Provice, the
benefits of the Minimum Wage law and regulations are becoming better known and more far-
reaching in their effects. The advantages of the protection afforded by this legislation accrue
to employers as well as to employees. The standard of efficiency is raised and unfair competition
with firms who might be tempted to lower wages is eliminated.
The Board desires to record its appreciation of co-operation from employer and employed,
as well as from the interested public, who have lent encouraging support on many occasions.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servants,
J. D. McNiven, Chairman.
Helen Gregory MacGill.
Thomas Mathews. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport op the Deputy Minister.
G 59
APPENDIX.
SUMMARY OF ORDERS.
For convenient 'reference a summary of the Orders now in force is herewith appended:—
MERCANTILE INDUSTRY.
This includes all establishments operated for the purpose of trade in the purchase or sale of any
goods or merchandise; and includes the work of all female employees engaged therein on the sales
force; the wrapping force; the auditing or check-inspection force; the shoppers' force in the mailorder department; the receiving, marking, and stock-room employees ; sheet-music saleswomen ; and
those otherwise engaged in the sale, purchase, or distribution of any goods or merchandise.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced
Workers.
Under
18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$12.75.    Hourly  rate,  268/ia cents.
$ 7 50
for 1st   3
months.
$ 9 00 for  1st   3 months.
8 00
„   2nd  3
,,
10 00    „   2nd   3
8 50
„   3rd   3
11 00     „   3rd   3
9 00
„   4th   3
,,
12 00    „   4th   3        „
9 50
„   5th   3
,,
10 00
„   6th   3
,,
Licences   required   in   this
10 50
„   7th   3
,
class.
11 50
„   8th   3
»
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Time worked in excess of 48 hours must be paid for at
the hourly rate.
Order has been in force since February 24th, 1919.
LAUNDRY, CLEANING, AND DYEING INDUSTRIES.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
$13.50    Hourly   rate,   28 Vs   cents.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
$  8 00
for 1st
4 months.
8 50
„   2nd
4
9 00
„   3rd
4
10 00
„   4th
4
11  00
„   5th
4
12 00
„   6th
4        „
18 Years of Age or over.
$ 9  00 for 1st   4 months.
10 50    „   2nd   4
12 00    „   3rd   4        „
Licences   required   in   this
class.
Above rates are based on a 48-hour week. Maximum working-period 48 hours, governed by
" Factories Act."
Order has been in force since March 31st, 1919.
PUBLIC HOUSEKEEPING OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers, janitresses, cooks, and1 kitchen
help in restaurants, hotels, tea-rooms, ice-cream parlours, light-lunch stands, and other places where
food is cooked, prepared, and served for which a charge is made; and the work of chambermaids, in
hotels, lodging-houses, and apartments where lodging is furnished, whether or not such establishments
are operated independently or in connection with any other business; and the work of all female
elevator operators.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.    Hourly rate, 29%  cents.
$12 00
$12 00
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    In emergency cases 52 hours may be worked.    Time and
one-half shall 'be paid for work in excess of 48 hours and up to 52 hours. G 60
)epartment op Labour.
1925
When lodging is furnished, not more than $3 a week may be deducted for such lodging.
When board or meals are furnished, not more than $5.25 may be deducted for a full week's board
of 21 meals.    A fraction of a week's board shalf be computed upon a proportional basis.
As elevator operators are required by law to pass an examination before running elevators, no
apprenticeship is permitted under the Minimum Wage Order.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
OFFICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed as stenographers, book-keepers, typists, billing clerks,
filing clerks, cashiers, cash-girls (not included in other Orders), checkers, invoicers, comptometer
operators, auditors, attendants in physicians' and dentists' offices, and all kinds of clerical help.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
-Experienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$15.    Monthly   rate,   $65.
$11 00 for 1st   6 months.
$11 00 for 1st   3 months.
Hourly   rate,   31 Vi   cents.
12  00    „   2nd   6       „
12 00    „   2nd   3
13 00    „   3rd   6
13 00    „   3rd   3
14 00    „   4th   6
14 00    „   4th   3
Licences   required  in   this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum weekly working-period prescribed by Order, 48
hours.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919.
PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed in manicuring, hairdressing, barbering, and other
work of like nature, or employed as ushers in theatres, attendants at shooting-galleries and other
public places of amusement, garages, and gasolene service stations, or as drivers of motor-cars and
other vehicles.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Experienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.25.    Hourly rate, 2911/ie cents.
$10 00 for 1st   6 months.
*$10 00 for 1st   3 months.
11 00    „   2nd  6
11 00    „   2nd   3
12 00    „   3rd   6
12 00    „   3rd   3    '  „
13 00    „   4th   6
13 00    „   4th   3
Licences   required   in   this
class.
* These rates for learners do not apply to attendants at shooting-galleries and other public places of
amusement, garages, and gasolene service stations, or to drivers of motor-cars or other vehicles, from whom
no apprenticeship is deemed necessary.
Above rates are for 48-hour week, which is maximum permitted.
Wages for Ushers.
Ushers in theatres, music-halls, concert-rooms, or the like, engaged after 6 p.m., on legal holidays,
and for special matinees, are entitled to a wage of not less than 30 cents an hour, with a minimum
payment of 75 cents.
Ushers working more than 18 hours a week, but not in excess of 36 hours, are entitled to not less
than $10.80 a week.     (Ushers in this category may be employed only between 1.30 p.m. and 11 p.m.)
Ushers working in excess of 36 hours a week up to 48 hours are entitled to not less than $14.25.
No distinction is made for ushers under 18 and over 18 years of age. No apprenticeship considered
necessary for ushers.
Order has been in force since September 15th, 1919. 16 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 61
FISHING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the washing, preparing, preserving, drying, curing,
smoking, packing, or otherwise adapting for sale or use, or for shipment, any kind of fish, except in
the case of canned fish.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.50.    Hourly  rate,  32'/24 cents.
$12 75 for 1st   4 months.
13 75    „   2nd 4
14 75    „   3rd  4
Licences   required   for   inexperienced
employees 18 years of age or over.
Order has been in force since February 28th, 1920.
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of all persons employed in connection with the operating of the various
instruments, switchboards, and other mechanical appliances used in connection with telephony and
telegraphy, and shall also include the work of all persons employed in the business or industry of the
operation of telephone or telegraph systems who are not governed by any other Order of the Board.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.    Hourly rate, 31% cents.
$11 00 for 1st   3 months.
12 00    „   2nd 3
13 00   „   3rd  3
Licences   required   for   inexperienced
employees 18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum hours permitted are 8 per day and 48 per week,
except in cases of emergency, when 56 hours may be worked. Time and one-half is payable for hours
in excess of 48.    Every employee must have one full day off duty in every week.
Where telephone and telegraph employees are customarily on duty between the hours of 10 p.m.
and '8 a.m., 10 hours on duty shall be construed as the equivalent of 8 hours of work in computing the
number of hours of employment a week.
In cases where employees reside on the employer's premises, the employer shall not be prevented
from making an arrangement with such employees to answer emergency calls between the hours of
10 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Order has been in force since April 5th, 1920.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in canning, preserving, drying, packing, or otherwise
adapting for sale or use, any kind of fruit or vegetable.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$14.    Hourly rate, 2QYe cents.
$10 00 for 1st    month.
11 00   „  2nd     „
12 00    „  3rd     „
Licences   required   for   inexperienced
employees 18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. For work over 48 hours, but not in excess of 60 hours,
wages shall be not less than 30 cents an hour for experienced workers, and for work in excess of
60 hours the rate shall be not less than 45 cents an hour. G 62
Department of Labour.
1925
Overtime work for inexperienced workers must be paid in the same proportion to their wages as
overtime for experienced employees.
Work in excess of 48 hours a week is permitted only during an emergency period of 90 days in
any 12 months, .unless the Board finds unusual conditions necessitate a longer period, and it may then,
in its discretion, extend such- emergency period.
Order has been in force since September 3rd, 1922.
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, assembling the parts of, and adapting for use or sale any article or
commodity, but excepting fish, fruit, and vegetable drying, canning, preserving, or packing.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Schedule 1.
Schedule 2.
Schedule 3.
$14.    Hourly rate,  29%
cents.
$ 8 00 for 1st 2 mos.
10 00    „   2nd 2     „
12 00    „   3rd 2     „
$ 8 00 for 1st 4 mos.
TO 00    „   2nd 4     „
12 00    „   3rd 4     „
$ 7 00 for 1st 6 mos.
10 00    „   2nd 6     „
13 00    „   3rd 6     „
Licences required for inexperienced workers 18 years of age or over.
Schedule 1 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or
adapted for use or sale: Tea, coffee, spices, essences, sauces, jelly-powders, baking-powders, molasses,
sugar, syrups, honey, peanut butter, cream and milk products, butter, candy, confectionery, biscuits,
macaroni, vermicelli, meats, soft drinks, yeast, cans, buttons, soap, paint, varnish, drug and toilet
preparations, photographs, ink, seeds, brooms, whisks, pails, wash-boards, wooden boxes, clothes-pins,
matches, explosives, munitions, gas-mantles, and window-shades.
Schedule 2 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured
or adapted for use or sale: Cotton bags, envelopes, overalls, shirts, ladies' and children's wear, gloves,
hats, caps, men's neckwear, water-proof clothing, tents, awnings, regalia, carpets, furniture, bedding,
pillow-covers, loose covers, mattress-covers, draperies, caskft furnishings, factory-made millinery,
knitted goods, blankets, brushes, machine-made cigars, and dipped chocolates.
Schedule 3 applies to the following occupations, or to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or adapted for use or sale: Bookbinding, embossing, engraving, printing,
dressmaking, men's and women's tailoring, ready-to-wear suits, paper boxes, jewellery, furs, leather
goods, hand-made cigars, boots, shoes, and hand-made millinery.
Schedule 3 does not apply to regularly indentured apprentices whose indentures have been approved
by the Minimum Wage Board.
The above rates are for a 48-hour week. No employee shall be employed more than 8 hours a
day, nor more than 48 hours a week, except when permission has been granted under the provisions
of the " Factories Act."
Order has been in force since November 20th, 1923. 16 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 63
ASSOCIATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.
In the preparation of the following list the intention has been to confine it to organizations
which have direct connection with the employment of labour, and not to include any which are
established purely for other business or social purposes. The list, which is numerically about
equal to that of last year, has been carefully corrected at the last possible moment before going
to press.
Box Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman,
R. B. Sharpe, Pacific Box Co., Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street
West, Vancouver.
B.C. Hotels' Association—President, W. K. Clark ;
1st Vice-President, D: A. Ford; 2nd Vice-President, D. Bowes; Secretary, J. J. Walsh, 514
Richards Street, Vancouver; Treasurer, A.
Austin.
B.C. Loggers' Association—President, P. A. Wilson, McCoy, Wilson, Ltd., Vancouver ; 1st Vice-
President, Geo. P. Challenger, British Pacific
Timber Products, Ltd., Vancouver; 2nd Vice-
President, Geo. A. Peck, Peck Logging Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Secretary-Treasurer, L. R. Andrews, Metropolitan Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually on January 15th.
B.C. Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association—President, J. D. McCormack, Canadian
Western Lumber Company, Fraser Mills; Secretary, R. H. H. Alexander, 917 Metropolitan
Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually
on third Thursday in January.
Canadian Jewellers' Association (B.C. Division)—■
Hon. Presidents, O. B. Allan, G. E. Trorey,
T. A. Lyttleton, and W. M. Gow; President,
Robert M. Tod; Vice-President, Alex. Waters ;
Secretary-Treasurer, A. Fraser Reid, 1635 Napier Street. Vancouver. Executive (Local) :
A. G. Carruthers, G. E. Snider, W. J. Hawkins, A. J. Jacoby, Harold J. Baxter. Executive (District) : J. Little, Victoria; Harold
Thorneycroft, Nanaimo ; C. J. Whiten, Vernon ;
W. J. Kerr, Kamloops; J. W. Duncan, Victoria ; A. Clausen, New Westminster; J. Bulger, Prince Rupert.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division) ; Provincial Headquarters, 701-7 Board
of Trade Building, Vancouver—Chairman, J. H.
McDonald, B.C. Manufacturing Co., Ltd., New
Westminster; .Secretary, Hugh Dalton, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (Victoria
Branch), 1008 Broad Street, Victoria—Chairman, S. J. Drake, Drake Hardware Co., Ltd.,
Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 1008
Broad Street, Victoria.
Canadian Storage & Transferrin's Association—■
President, F. D. Gross, 94 Pender Street West,
Vancouver; Secretary, E. A. Quigley, Suite 10,
423 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. This Association has Board of Directors of each Province.
Canned Salmon Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, H. O.
Bell-Irving, Anglo-B.C. Packing Co., Ltd., Vancouver;   Vice-Chairman,  R.  C.   Gosse,   Gosse-
Millerd, Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street West, Vancouver; Assistant Secretary of Section, R. E. Lanning, 705
Board of Trade Building, Vancouver.
Clay Products Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, James
Parfitt, Victoria Brick Company, Arictoria; Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 1008 Broad Street, Victoria.
Confectioners' Section, Canadian Manufacturers'
Association (B.C. Division)—Chairman, F. J.
Gavin, Gavin & Leigh, Ltd., Vancouver; Vice-
Chairman, L. H. Nicholson, National Biscuit &
Confection Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary,
Hugh Dalton, 701 Board of Trade Building,
Vancouver.
Drug Extract & Vinegar Manufacturers' Section,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, D. Hockin, National Drug and Chemical
Co., Ltd.; Vice-Chairman, W. A. Hunter; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 Board of Trade Building, Vancouver.
Fishing Vessel Owners' Association, Inc.—President, L. A. Sandstrom, Pier 8, Seattle, Wash.;
Secretary, Capt. N. B. Hegge, Pier 8, Seattle,
Wash.
General Cartage & Storage Association of B.C.—
President, Fred. Crone, Crone Storage Co., Ltd.,
760 Beatty Street, Vancouver; Secretary, E. A.
Quigley, Suite 10, Canadian Bank of Commerce
Chambers, 423 Hamilton Street, Vancouver.
General Contractors' Association—President, J. F.
Keen; 1st Vice-President, J. Tucker; Secretary, W. G. Welsford, 300 Pender Street West,
Vancouver.
Jam Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, C.
D. Hunter, Empress Manufacturing Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Vice-Chairman, H. C. Wade, Dominion Canners, B.C., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street West,
Vancouver.
Master Sheet Metal Workers' Section, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division) —
Chairman, E. E. Elliott, Central Sheet Metal
Works, Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton,
701 Board of Trade Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Employers' Section, CM.A. (B.C.
Division)—Chairman, A. McKelvie, Canadian
Sumner Iron Works, Vancouver; 1st Vice-
Chairman, W. I. Reid, Westminster Iron Works,
New Westminster; 2nd Vice-Chairman, T. M.
Martin, Hall Machine Works, Vancouver;
Treasurer, J. Latta, Murray-Latta Machine
Works, Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton,
701 Board of Trade Building, Vancouver. G 64
Department op Labour.
1925
Metal Trades Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, E. W.
Izard, Yarrows, Ltd., Esquimalt; Secretary, T.
J. Goodlake, 1008 Broad Street, Victoria.
Millwork Section, Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division)—Chairman, Geo. B.
Russell, Arbutus Sash & Door Co., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 Board of Trade
Building, Vancouver.
Mining Association of British Columbia—President, C. P. Browning, Britannia Beach; Secretary, H. Mortimer-Lamb, Birks Building, Vancouver.
Mining Association of Interior British Columbia—
President, J. P. MacFadden, New Denver;
Secretary, W. H. Burgess, Kaslo.
Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association—
President, C. M. Pennock, Wardner; Secretary,
I. R. Poole, Nelson. Officers elected at annual
meeting held in January.
Northern B.C. Lumbermen's Association—President, Geo. W. Nickerson, Prince Rupert; Secretary-Treasurer, A. Brooksbank, Prince Rupert.
Printers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, J. G. Tod-
hunter, Clarke & Stuart Co., Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street
West, Vancouver; Manager, R. L. Norman,
706 Board of Trade Building, Vancouver.
Printers' Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman A. F.
Stevens, Acme Press, Ltd., Victoria; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 1008 Broad Street, Victoria.
Retail Merchants' Association of Canada, Inc.,
B.C. Board—President, James Harkness, Vancouver; 1st Vice-President, R. T. Wilson, Nanaimo ; 2nd Vice-President, J. F. Scott, Cranbrook ; 3rd Vice-President, T. J. Wilcox, Kamloops ; Treasurer, Wm. Kerr, New Westminster ; Dominion Representative, D. H. Kent,
Vancouver; Secretary, Walter F. Ing, Vancouver, Head Provincial Office at 420 Pacific Building, Vancouver. Branches are established at
Armstrong,   Cranbrook,   Kelowna,   Lytton,   Na
naimo, Nelson, Revelstoke, Vancouver. At New
Westminster there is a District Branch serving
the principal towns of the Lower Fraser Valley.
Shingle Manufacturers' Association of B.C.—
President, G. E. Merritt, Huntting-Merritt
Lumber Co., Ltd.; Vice-President, C. J. Culter,
Westminster  Mills,  Ltd.;    Secretary-Manager,
E. Bevan, 707 North West Building, Vancouver. Meets for election of officers in January
each year.
Shipping Federation of B.C.—Manager and Secretary, Major W. C. D. Crombie, Orange Hall,
341 Gore Avenue, Vancouver; President, J. C.
Irons, Vancouver; 1st Vice-President, Capt. R.
G. Parkhurst, Vancouver;   2nd Vice-President,
F. H. Clendenning, Vancouver; Executive, K.
A. McLennan, E. Beetham, B. C. Keeley, W. M.
Crawford, David Baird, B. W. Greer, D. M.
Cameron. Meets for election of officers in January each year.
Timber Industries Council of B.C.—President, J.
D. McCormack, Canadian Western Lumber Co.,
Ltd.; Managing Director, W. MacNeill, 911
Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Vancouver Association of Electragists—President,
C. H. E. Williams, 509 Richards Street, Vancouver ; Hon. Secretary, J. C. Reston, 579
Howe Street, Vancouver; Office, 425 Pacific
Building. Officers elected annually in September.
Vancouver Association of Sanitary & Heating En-
' gineers—President, W. Moscrop, 861 Seymour
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Robert G. Har-
greaves, 425 Pacific Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually in June.
Victoria Bread & Cake Manufacturers' Association—President, D. W. Hanbury, Golden West
Bakery; Secretary, H. Amphlett, 212 Union
Building. Election of officers annually in
January.
Victoria Builders' Exchange—President, William
Luney, 508 Sayward Building; Secretary, J. W.
Bolden, 2509 Prior Street. Officers elected annually in January. ' 16 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 65
UNION DIRECTORY.
In our endeavour to present an up-to-date directory of trade-union organizations and their
officials we have been greatly assisted by union secretaries and others, to whom our grateful
acknowledgments are tendered. The number of such organizations in the Province does not show
any material difference as compared with last year's, a few local organizations having gone out
of existence and others having been initiated. The Department will appreciate any intimation
of changes in the list which may be made from time to time.
TRADES AND LABOUR CONGRESS OF
CANADA.
President, Thomas Moore, Ottawa. Vice-Presidents, J. T. Foster, Montreal; Jas. Simpson,
Toronto; Bert. Merston, Toronto. Secretary-
Treasurer, P. M. Draper, Hope Building,
Ottawa.
B.C. EXECUTIVE OF TRADES & LABOUR
CONGRESS OF CANADA.
Chairman, Percy R. Bengough, Room 803, 16
Hastings Street East, Vancouver; Secretary,
R. W. Nunn, 238 Queens Avenue, Victoria.
NATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS.
Canadian Merchant Service Guild.
Vancouver—President, Capt. Thomas Rippon, 675
Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver; Secretary, A.
Goodlad, 675 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Imperial Bank Chambers on 9th and
24th of each month.
Victoria—Secretary, Capt. T. H. Brown, 408
Union Building, Victoria.
Radio Division, No. 3, of the Electrical Communication Workers of Canada—Chairman, F. J.
Hollis, Radio Station, Alert Bay; Secretary,
W. T. Burford, 4144 Fourteenth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets in Hotel Vancouver at call
of the Chair.
TRADES AND LABOUR COUNCILS.
Prince Rupert—President, S. D. McDonald, Empire Office, Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. Derry,
Box 498, Prince Rupert. Meets at Carpenters'
Hall on second and fourth Tuesdays of each
month.
Vancouver, New Westminster and District—
President, W. Dunn, 804 Holden Building, Vancouver ; Secretary, P. R. Bengough, 803 Holden
Building, Vancouver. Meets first and third
Tuesdays of each month on second floor, Holden
Building, at 8 p.m.
Vancouver Building Trades Council—President,
J. H. Flynn, 806 Holden Building, Vancouver;
Secretary, Wm. Watt, 805 Holden Building,
Vancouver.
Vancouver Trades Council, Metal Trades Department—Secretary, P. R. Bengough, 803 Holden
Building, Vancouver.
Victoria—Corresponding Secretary, E. S. Woodward, 1325 Carlin Street. Meets at 8 p.m. on
first and third Wednesdays in month at Trades
Hall, Broad Street.
Federated Trades Councils  (Railroads).
Victoria (Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Employees' Federation)—President, Geo. Phil-
brook, 637 King's Road, Victoria; Secretary,
J. Booth, 2421 Mowat Street, Victoria. Meets
in Room 4, Green Block, Victoria, at 7.30 p.m.
on first Monday in month.
DISTRICT LODGES AND COUNCILS.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners.
District Council of Vancouver—President, T. Russell, Hollyburn; Secretary, W. Page, 809
Holden Building, Vancouver.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America.
Vancouver District Council No. 15—Secretary,
W. T. Jones, 303 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Electrical Communication Workers of Canada.
British Columbia District Council No. 1—President, W. T. Burford, 4144 Fourteenth Avenue
West, Vancouver; Secretary, C. T. Foote, 745
Yates Street, Victoria. Meets in Room 132,
Hotel Vancouver, first Sunday in the month at
11 a.m.
International Association of Machinists.
Vancouver District Lodge No. 78—President, Bert.
Oliver, 807 Holden Building, Vancouver; Secretary, A. W. Tait, 1865 Tenth Avenue West.
Meets on first Wednesday of each month at 807
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
Allied Printing Trades Council.
Vancouver—President, Frank Milne, Box 66, Vancouver ; Secretary, R. H. Neelands, Box 66,
Vancouver. Meets at 804 Holden Building,
Vancouver, at 5 p.m. on second Monday in
month.
Victoria—President, Joseph A. Wiley, 141 Clarence Street, Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Burgess,
Box 1183, Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall,
Broad Street, at 8 p.im. on second Friday in
month.
British  Columbia Federation of Civic and
Municipal Employees.
President, W. J. Scribbens, 3208 Pender Street
East, Vancouver; Secretary, H. R. Simmers,
c/o Building Department, City Hall, Vancouver. G 66
Department op Labour.
1025
Civic Employees' Federation.
Vancouver—President, A. Watson, 1329 Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver;   Secretary, H.
A. Urquhart, 1145 Semlin Drive, Vancouver.
Theatrical Federation of Vancouver.
President—J. R. Foster, 991 Nelson Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Rocksley Clark, 991 Nelson
Street, Vancouver. Meets at 991 Nelson Street
at 10 a.m. on Tuesday before first Sunday in
month.
TRADE UNIONS.
Ashcroft.
Maintenanee-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 210—President, J. D. Nicol,
Savona; Secretary, R. Halliday, Box 8, Spences
Bridge. Meets at Ashcroft at 7.30 p.m. every
Saturday.
Boulder.
Maintenanee-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 15—President, J. H. Davies,
Black Pool; Secretary, Noel Montagnon, Va-
venby.
Burnaby.
Civic Employees' Union, No. 23—Secretary, Chas.
B. Brown, 2195 Linden Avenue, New Westminster.
Central Park.
Carpenters & Joiners (Amalgamated), No. 2605—
President, F. Williams, 2469 Twenty-ninth Avenue East, Vancouver;   Secretary, J. Muirhead,
2572 Monmouth Avenue, South Vancouver.
Cranbrook.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. S08—Secretary, A. Mueller, c/o Cranbrook
Brewing Company, Cranbrook.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 559—President, R. Bartholomew,
Cranbrook ; Secretary, M. H. Johns, Box 214,
Cranbrook. Meets at 2.30 p.m. on first and
third Sundays in month at Cranbrook.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
563—President, Hugh J. Brook, Box 551, Cranbrook ; Secretary, A. H. Johnson, Cranbrook.
Meets at 8 p.m. on alternate Mondays in Maple
Hall.
Machinists, International, No. 588—President, W.
Henderson, P.O. Box 827, Cranbrook; Secretary, R. J. Lawrie, Box 291, Cranbrook. Meets
. at residence of Secretary on first Sunday each
month at 4.30 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
229—President, Geo. C. Brown, Box 939, Cranbrook ; Secretary, Frank Romano, Kitchener.
Meets at Cranbrook at call of Secretary.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 407—President, E. Williams, Cranbrook;
Secretary, Jas. Jackson, Cranbrook. Meets at
K. of P. Hall, Cranbrook, on second Sunday in
month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 173—President, W. Hewson, French
Avenue, Cranbrook; Secretary, J. F. Lunn, 200
Durick Avenue, Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. at
I.O.O.F. Hall, Norbury Avenue, on first Wednesday in month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1292—President, L. E. W. Cox, General Delivery, Cranbrook ; Secretary, E. G. Dingley, Box 728,
Cranbrook. Meets in Auditorium, Cranbrook,
on second and fourth Sundays in month at 3
p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local 585—
Secretary, H. H. Harshaw, Cranbrook. Meets
at Maple Hall every Sunday at 7.30 p.m.
Corbin.
United Mine Workers of America, Local No. 2877
—President, J. Dorman, Corbin; Secretary,
Percy Smallwood, Corbin. Meets at Union
Hall, Corbin, every second Sunday at 2 p.m.
Duncan.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
533—Secretary, H. W. McKenzie, Box 356,
Duncan.
Essondale.
Mental Hospital Attendants' Union, No. 35 (T. &
L.C.)—President, J. A. Gibson; Secretary, J.
McD. Nicholson, Essondale.
Fernie.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers of
America, International Union of, Local No.
308—President, J. W. Gladney, McPherson Avenue; Secretary, J. E. Robson, Box 1071, Fernie.
Meets at 96 Howland Avenue, Fernie, on first
Monday of each month at 7.30 p.m.
Miners' Association (Independent), British Columbia—President, H. A. Bryant. Box 472;
Secretary, W. A. Harrison, Box 568, Fernie.
Field.
Railway Carmen of America, No. 1454—Secretary, Thomas Barlow, Box 1587, Field.
Golden.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
165—Secretary, C. Erickson, Box 126, Field.
Meets at Golden on the last Sunday of each
quarter at 10 a.m.
Kamloops.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. 276—Secretary, De Lance Green, Box 41,
Kamloops. Meets first Tuesday in month at
8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 821—President, C. G. Sutherland, Kamloops ; Secretary, T. J. O'Neill, Box 753, Kam-
loo-ps. Meets at Orange Hall on first and third
Thursdays in month at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 855—Secretary, J. Patterson, Box 201,
Kamloops. Meets first and third Sundays at
Orange Hall, Kamloops, at 2.30 p.m. 16 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 67
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 258—President, H. C. Embree,
Kamloops; Secretary, R. Eccles, Box 3S8, Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops, at
2.30 p.m. on first and third Tuesdays in month.
Railroad Employees, No. 161—President, J. E.
Fitzwater, Kamloops; Secretary, N. Papworth,
Kamloops.
Railway Carmen, Brotherhood of, Local No. 148—
President, O. E. Klemmer, North Kamloops; Secretary, J. Clarke, 903 Battle Street, Box 776,
Kamloops. Meets on first and third Thursdays
in month at 7.30 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 611—President, J. Dinsmore, Kamloops ; Secretary, A. G. Corry, Box 177, Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops, on
second and fourth Sundays in month at 2 p.m.
Railway Enginemen, Canadian Association of—
Secretary, W. Dohm, Kamloops.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
519—Secretary, V. A. Mott, Kamloops. Meets
at Orange Hall, Kamloops, on second Sunday
and fourth Tuesday in month at 7 p.m.
Kitchener.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 229—Secretary, Geo. C. Brown,
Box 739, Cranbrook.
Lytton.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 210—President, J. D. Nicol, Savona; Secretary, R. Halliday, Box 8, Spences Bridge.
Matsqui.
Maintenanee-of-way Employees, No. 31—President, P. E. Crick, Kamloops Junction; Secretary, F. Kent, Box A, -Lytton. Meets at C.N.R.
Freight Office Building, Vancouver, at 11 a.m.
on first Sunday in March, June, September,
and December.
Michel.
B.C. Miners' Association—Secretary, J. Wadding-
ton, P.O. Box 166, Michel. Meets every other
week during the summer on Fridays at 7 p.m.
in the Michel Hall and the Natal Club Hall
alternately, and during the winter on Sundays
at 2 p.m.
Mission City.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
168—President, F. W. Brunton, Hatzic Post-
office ; Secretary, H. Anderson, Box 10, Harrison Mills. Meets at Vancouver on third Sunday in January, April, July, and October at
10.30 a.m.
Nanaimo.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No. 54
—Secretary, W. H. McMillan, 410 Bruce Avenue, Nanaimo. Meets at 7.30 p.m. on first
Tuesday of month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
337—President, R. J. Stewart, c/o Free Press
Block, Nanaimo; Secretary, L. C. Gilbert, Box
476, Nanaimo.    Meets at call of President.
Nelson.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 196—President, Eli Sutcliffe, Nelson; Secretary, H. Hughes, P.O. Box 465, Nelson.
Meets at 417 Hall Street, Nelson, at 8 p.m. on
last Thursday in month.
Dominion Express Employees, No. 18, Brotherhood of—Secretary, L. S. McKinnon, 212 Baker
Street, Nelson.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 579—President, J. Simons, 203 Silica Street,
Nelson; Secretary, E. Jeffcott, 610 Mill Street,
Nelson. Meets at Recreation Club, Nelson, on
first and third Sundays in the month at 2.30
p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Division No. 631—President, Chas. W.
Munro, Nelson; Secretary, Stanley Smith, Nelson. Meets second and fourth Sundays at 2
p.m. in I.O.O.F. Hall.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 663—President-Secretary, Fred. Chapman,
Box 253, Nelson.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
181—President, Albert Olson, West Grand
Forks; Secretary, F. Gustafson, Box 265, Nelson. Meets last Sunday in January, April,
July, and October at 10 a.m. at Nelson.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 98—President, R. Cook, Box 705,
Nelson; Secretary, J. Shardelow, Box 765, Nelson. Meets in Recreation Hall, Nelson, at 7.30
p.m. on second Thursday in month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 460—Chief Conductor, A. B. Hall, 915
Stanley Street, Nelson ; Secretary, H. L. Genest,
Box 216, Nelson. Meets in K. of P. Hall at
1.30 p.m. on second Sunday in month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1291—President, P. Craven, General Delivery, Nelson; Secretary, A. T. Richards, Box 701, Nelson. Meets
in Nelson on first Thursday of each month at
8.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
558—President, P. Jeffrey, 120 Mines Road,
Nelson; Secretary, A. Kirby, 820 Carbonate
Street, Nelson. Meets at Community Building,
cor. Stanley and Victoria Streets, at 1.30 p.m.
on second Sunday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
340—President, Joseph Clinton, Box 766, Nelson ; Secretary, L. E. Pascoe, Box 935, Nelson.
Meets in Daily News Office, Nelson, at 5.10
p.m. on last Wednesday in month.
New Denver.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 173—Secretary, T. H. Horner, Rosebery.
Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, No. 98—Secretary, A. Shilland, New Denver.
New Westminster.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 573—President, C. Moir, New Westminster; Secretary, Geo. Yorkstown, 35 Eighth
Street, New Westminster. Meets at 35 Eighth
Street on fourth Thursday in month at 7 p.m. G 68
Department op Labour.
1925
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders and Helpers, International Brotherhood of, No. 466—Secretary,
J. F. Lower, 519 Tenth Street, New Westminster.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1251—President, W. Moody,
Twentieth Street, Edmonds; Recording Secretary, A. E. Corbett, Labour Temple, New Westminster. Meets at Labour Temple on first
Thursday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Civic Employees of New Westminster, Union of—
Secretary, Rees Morgan, 313 Regina Street,
New Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple
at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday in month.
Civil Servants of Canada (Amalgamated—President, H. G. Cox, Box 40, New Westminster;
Secretary, F. McGrath, New Westminster.
Meets at Dominion Building on third Monday
in month at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
256—President, Geo. Feeney, 906 Fifth Avenue,
New Westminster; Secretary, T. A. Briggs,
1123 Eighth Avenue, New Westminster. Meets
at No. 1 Fire Hall (no set day) during first
week of month at 8 p.m.
Fishermen's Protective Association of B.C.—
President, L. Patterson, Annieville; Secretary,
W. E. Maiden, Suites 2 and 3, Cliff Block, New
Westminster. Meets at G.W.V.A. Rooms, New
Westminster, at 3.30 p.m. on first Saturday of
each month.
Longshoremen's Association No. 1, New Westminster and District, Independent—President, R.
Butters, 608 Eighth Avenue, New Westminster; Secretary, W. Clitheroe, 124 Fourteenth
Avenue East, New Westminster.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 151—President, F. Sinnett, 4019 Kings-
way ; Secretary, D. MacDonald, 360 Sherbrooke
Street, New Westminster. Meets in Labour
Temple on first Friday in each month at 8 p.m.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 654
—President, F. Staton, 906 Tenth Street, New
Westminster; Secretary, F. C. Bass, Box 115,
New Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple at
2.30 p.m. on fourth Sunday in month.
Plumbers and Steamfitters, United Association of,
No. 571—President, C. Porter, 3406 Imperial
Street, New Westminster; Secretary, Lloyd El-
rick, Port Mann.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 280—President, F. Woods, Alta
Vista; Secretary, M. Sorley, 1556 Fourth
Street, New Westminster. Meets at Labour
Temple on third Friday in month at 8 p.m.
Retail Clerks' International Protective Association, No. 1306—President, W. W. Callander,
321 Pine Street; Secretary, J. Ellis, 719 Thirteenth Street, New Westminster. Meets last
Thursday in month in Hart Block at 8 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 134
—President, R. C. Higgins, 709 Fifth Avenue,
New Westminster; Secretary, J. B. Mouat, 525
Tenth Street, New Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple at 7 p.m. on second and fourth
Tuesdays in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
632—President, A. R. MacDonald, Box 1024,
New  Westminster;    Secretary,  R.  A.  Stoney,
Box 1024, New Westminster.   Meets in Labour
Temple at 8 p.m. on last Friday in month.
Notch Hill.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 193—President, W. Annala,
Tappen; Secretary, W. Loftus, Notch Hill.
Penticton.
Locomotive Engineers, No. 866—President, C. E.
Hulett, Penticton; Secretary, C. Cornock, Box
64, Penticton. Meets at Burtch's Hall, Penticton, on second and fourth Sundays of each
month at 3 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 884—President, C. A. Tupper,
Penticton; Secretary, R. O. Blackstock, Box
385, Penticton. Meets at Penticton on first and
fourth Thursdays of month about 2 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1023—President, James Slatter, General Delivery, Penticton ; Secretary, R. A. Eckersley, R.R.
No. 1, Summerland. Meets in Penticton at 1
p.m. on second Sunday of every second month.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of No.
1426—President, H. Suckling, Box 322, Penticton ; Secretary, T. Bradley, Penticton. Meets
on first Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
914—President, Herbert Nicolson, Penticton ;
Secretary, W. B. McCallum, Penticton. Meets
at Burtch's Hall, Penticton, on first and third
Sundays of each month at 9.30 a.m. and 2.30
p.m.
Point Grey.
Fire Fighters' International Association, No. 260
—President, E. S. Vaughan, 3869 Twentieth
Avenue West; Secretary, H. Foulkes, 1395
Sixty-fourth Avenue West, Kerrisdale. Meets
at 319 Pender Street West, Vancouver, on first
Thursday of each month at 10.30 a.m. and
S.30 p.m.
Port Alberni.
Longshoremen's Club (unchartered)—Secretary,
W. G. Bigmore, Port Alberni.
Prince George.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 843—President, W. Kemp, Prince George;
Secretary, M. O'Rourke, Box 124, Prince
George. Meets in Odd Fellows' Hall on second
and fourth Mondays of each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Mount Robson Lodge, No. 827—President,
E. J. Rice, Prince George; Secretary, F.
Hornby, Prince George. Meets in I.O.O.F.
Hall at 7.30 p.m. on first and third Sundays in
the month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Nechako
Lodge, No. 1870—President, W. Cullen, Long-
worth P.O.; Secretary, T. Nielsen, Box 162,
Prince George. Meets alternately at Endako
and Prince George about every six weeks; date
set at each meeting.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
202—President, C. M. Leclair, Snowshoe ; Secretary. F. Swanson, Hutton Mills. Meets at
MeBride and Prince George about end of each
quarter. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport of the Deputy Minister.
G 69
Railroad Employees, Local No. 28—President, F.
C. Saunders, Prince George; Secretary, H. A.
MacLeod, Prince George. Meets at Tenth Avenue, Prince George, first Sunday in month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 620—Secretary, J. E. Paschall, Box 305,
Prince George. Meets in Prince George on
second and fourth Sundays in month at 8 p.m.
Prince Rupert.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1735—President, J. J. Gillis,
Box 694; Secretary, David M. McLeod, Box
694, Prince Rupert; Financial Secretary, T.
Ross Mackay, Box 1573, Prince Rupert. Meets
in Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third
Wednesdays of each month.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union of the Pacific—
Secretary-Treasurer, P. B. Gill, P.O. Box 65,
Seattle. Meets at 84 Seneca Street, Seattle,
also at Prince Rupert and Ketchican on Tuesdays at 7.30 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 344—President, A. McRae, Box 457,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, S. Massey, Box 457,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at
8 p.m. on first Monday of each month.
Longshoremen's Association, No. 2, Canadian Federation of Labour—President, Richard Smith,
Box 531, Prince Rupert; Secretary, Wm. T.
Pilford, Box 531, Prince Rupert. Meets in
Longshoremen's Hall on Monday of each week
at 8 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 207—President, W. Horrobin, General Delivery, Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. Campbell,
Box 469, Prince Rupert. Sleets in Carpenters'
Hall at 8 p.m. on second Wednesday in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
335—President, J. E. McDonald, Caspaco; Secretary, T. G. McManaman, c/o C.N. Railway,
Kwinitsa. Meets alternately at Usk and Prince
Rupert at call of President and Secretary.
Plumbers & Steamfitters of the United States and
Canada, United Association of, Local No. ,495
—President, R. Wilson, P.O. Box 209, Prince
Rupert; Secretary, W. M. Brown, Box 209,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at
8 p.m. on first Monday in the month.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 426—President, R. M. Tucker, General Delivery, Prince Rupert; Secretary, E. Tul-
loch, Box 213, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall, Eighth Street, Prince Rupert, at
8 p.m. on second and third Mondays of each
month.
Railway Kmployees, Brotherhood of, Division No.
154—President, H. R. Hill, General Delivery,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, L. A. Austin, Box
32, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall
on second and fourth Fridays at 8 p.m.
Sheet Metal Workers, International Alliance,
Local No. 672—President, G. H. Dobb; Secretary, W. N. Perry, Box 826, Prince Rupert.
Meets in Trades and Labour Council Hall at
8 p.an. on fourth Monday in the month.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Local No. 510—
President, H. J. Smith, 205 Eighth Avenue
West,  Prince Rupert;   Secretary, B.  R.  Rice,
800 Eighth Avenue West, Prince Rupert. Meets
in Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first Friday
of each month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
413—President, S. D. MacDonald, Box 689,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. M. Campbell, Box
689, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall
at 3 p.m. on last Sunday of each month.
Revelstoke.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 407—President, Jas. Mathie, Revelstoke; Secretary, Jas.
M. Goble, Box 283, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on the fourth Saturday of each month
at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
657—President, H. Carpenter, Third Street,
Revelstoke; Secretary, J. P. Purvis, Box 27,
Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on first and
third Tuesdays of each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 341—President, W. L. Lea, Revelstoke ; Secretary, G. P. Deptford, Revelstoke.
Meets in Selkirk Hall, Revelstoke, on first and
third Wednesdays of each month at 2.30 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 258—President, A. W. Bell, Box 234, Revelstoke ; Secretary, Dugald Bell, Box 234, Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at 8 p.m. on
second Monday of month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
208—President, A. L. Anderson, Revelstoke;
Secretary, A. Blackberg, Revelstoke. Meets in
Revelstoke at 2 p.m. on last Sunday in January, April, June, and October.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 481—President, W. Inkster, Revelstoke ; Secretary, H. Parsons, Box 42, Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at 7.30 p.m. on
third Tuesday of each month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Mount
Stephen Division, Local No. 487—President,
J. Knox, Revelstoke; Secretary, C. R. Clay,
Box 444, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on
second Monday at 7.30 p.m. and fourth Thursday of each month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
51—President, G. Forbes, Revelstoke; Secretary, W. Maxwell, Revelstoke. Meets at Revelstoke at 2 p.m. on first Sunday and at 8 p.m.
on third Monday of each month.
Smithers.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, No.
53—Chairman and Secretary, W. Mitchell,
Smithers.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
Ill—Chief Engineer, J. E. Carpenter, Smithers ; Secretary, S. J. Mayer, Smithers. Meets
at Smithers on first and third Tuesdays in
month at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, No. 902—President, B. Ross, Smithers;
Secretary, T. L. Stafford, Smithers.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
340—President, J. McKenzie, Moricetown ; Secretary, E. Gunderson, Smithers. Meets at
Smithers every three months. G 70
Department op Labour.
1925
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
No. 157—Secretary, Hugh Forrest, Smithers.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1415 (Bulkley)—President, J. S. Cathroe,
Smithers; Secretary, G. W. Smith, Box 92,
Smithers. Meets at Social Hall, Smithers, on
first Thursday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Farthest
North Lodge, No. 869—President, A. Green-
halgh, Box 180, Smithers; Secretary, H. H.
Oleson, Box 180, Smithers. Meets at Railway-
men's Hall, Smithers, on first and third Thursdays of each month at 8.30 p.m.
South Vancouver.
Civic Employees' Union—President, A. W. Richardson, 5775 Prince Edward Street, South Vancouver; Secretary, W. S. Welton, 832 Twenty-
eighth Avenue East, South Vancouver. Meets
at Municipal Hall, South Vancouver, on second
Tuesday in month at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
259—President, G. Hearnden, 2625 Forty-ninth
Avenue East, Collingwood; Secretary, C. W.
Goldsmith, 1126 Twenty-sixth Avenue East,
South Vancouver. Meets at No. 3 Fire Hall,
South Vancouver, at 10 a.m. and 8 p.m. on first
Monday of month.
Squamish.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1419—Secretary, W. F. Ogilvie, Squamish;
President, T. Smith.
Steveston.
Fishermen's Benevolent Society (Japanese Independent)—Secretary, G. Takahashi, Steveston.
Stewart.
Mine,  Mill &  Smelter Worker's Union,  Interna-
•   tional,  Local  No.   181—Secretary,  W.  Fraser,
Stewart.
Trail.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 763—President, A. Balfour, Box 114, Trail;
Secretary, T. Meachem, Box 74, Trail. Meets
in Miner's Hall at call of Chair.
Vancouver.
Automobile Mechanics, Lodge No. 702, International Association of Machinists—Meets in
Room 310, Holden Building, Vancouver, on
second and fourth Tuesdays at 8 p.m.
Bakery Salesmen's International Union of America, Local No. 371—President, E. Holmes, 1217
Keefer Street, Vancouver; Secretary, H. A.
Bowron, 744 Fifteenth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at Holden Building on second
Thursday of each month at 8 p.m.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 158—Secretary, A. R. Jennie, 728 Hastings
Street West. Meets at 814 Holden Building at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays in month.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers. International Brotherhood of, Local No. 151—President, W. J. Bartlett, 1154 Howe Street; Secretary, A. Arman, 2048 Second Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East
at 8 p.m. on last Friday of each month.
Beverage Dispensers' Union, No. 676—President,
Frank McCann, 1423 Eleventh Avenue East,
Vancouver; Secretary, T. J. Hanafin, 2376
Sixth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at 319
Pender Street West, Vancouver, at 2.30 p.m.
on first Sunday in month.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 194—
President, L. C. Campbell, 349 Fifth Street
East, Vancouver; Secretary, A. Fraser, 5079
Ross Street, South Vancouver. Meets at Holden
Building at 8 p.m. on first and third Mondays
of each month.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 105—President, F. J. Milne, 536 Drake
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Thomas Carrall,
842 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. Meets at
Holden Building, Hastings Street, Vancouver,
on second Tuesday of each month at 8 p.m.
Boot and Shoe Workers' Union, Local No. 505—
Secretary, T. G. Griffiths, 3622 McGill Street,
Vancouver. Meets at 804 Holden Building at
8 p.m. on first Wednesday in month.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers of
America, No. 300, International Union of the
United—President, Angus McLennan, 6538 Culloden Street, South Vancouver; Secretary, W.
McLean,  2035  Broadway  West,  Vancouver.
Bricklayers, Masons & Tilesetters' International
Union of America, Local Union No. 1, B.C.—
Secretary, Wm. S. Dagnall, 1244 Twentieth
Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at 808 Holden
Building, Vancouver, on second and fourth Wednesdays in month at 8 p.m.
Bridge & Structural Iron Workers, International
Association of, Local No. 97—President, J. F.
Burns. 2533 Turner Street, Vancouver; Secretary, W. J. Cook, 4058 Berry Road, South Vancouver. Meets at 611 Holden Building, 16
Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
each Monday.
Carpenters of Canada, Amalgamated Branch
No. 1—President, Geo. Richardson, 2856 Oxford Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. T. Bruce,
827 Cordova Street East, Vancouver. Meets
at 163 Hastings Street West at 8 p.m. on
saeond and fourth Tuesdays of each month.
Carpenters of Canada, Amalgamated, Branch
No. 2—President, A. E. Arnold, 209 Twenty-
fifth Avenue West, North Vancouver; Secretary, W. Bray, 72 Sixteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Flack Building, 163 Hastings Street West, on first and third Tuesdays
of month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of,
Local No. 452—President, R. W. Hatley, 4441
Commercial Drive, Vancouver; Secretary, W.
Page, 809 Holden Building, Vancouver. Meets
at 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8
p.m. on second and fourth Mondays in month.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of
(Floorlayers), No. 1875—President, E. C.
Woodward. 1402 Fifth Avenue West, Vancouver ; Secretary; A. Reid, 2339 Trafalgar Street,
Vancouver.
Cigarmakers, International Union of America.
Local No. 357—President, J. Halawell, 3939
Thirteenth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, R. A. Shaw, 1022 Seymour Street, Vancouver. Meets at 804 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday in month. 16 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 71
City Hall Employees' Association—President, D.
Hargreaves, 562 Twelfth Avenue East. Vancouver ; Secretary, J. Tarbuck, 2792 Pender
Street East, Vancouver. Meets at 445 Richards
Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday
of each month.
Civic Employees' Federal, Local No. 28 (Chartered by Trades & Labour Congress of Canada)
—Secretary, G. Harrison, 1182 Parker Street.
Vancouver. Meets at 445 Richards Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first and third Fridays in
month.
Civil Servants of Canada, Amalgamated—President,-R. D. McMahon, North Lonsdale; Secretary, J. Linson, Patterson Road, Eburne.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America,
C.P.R. System, Division No. 1—Chairman, W.
D. Brine, Box 432, Vancouver; Secretary, F.
Powers, Box 432 Vancouver. Meets at Room
132, Hotel Vancouver, no regular time set.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America,
Local 52—Chairman, J. Clark, 738 Sherburn
Street, Winnipeg; Secretary, J. A. McDougall,
1633 Twelfth  Avenue  East,   Vancouver.
Dominion Express Employees, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 15—President, E. Ensor, 315 Eighth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, H. C.
Haines, 1919 Kingsway, Vancouver. Meets at
810 Holden Building first Friday of each month
at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 213—Secretary and Business Agent,
E. H. Morrison, Room 5, 319 Pender Street
West, Vancouver. Meets at 319 Pender Street
West on Monday at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 31fJ—President, J. Harkness, Fourteenth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, F.
Buckle, 2525 Wellington Street, Vancouver.
Meets at 319 Pender Street West at 8 p.m. on
Wednesdays.
Fire Fighters, No. 18, International Association
of—President, J. Anderson, No. 2 Fire Hall;
Financial Secretary, C. A. Watson, No. 3 Fire
Hall, Vancouver. Meets every month at call of
President at 251% Hastings Street East, Vancouver.
Granite Cutters, International Association of—
Secretary, John Philip, 2537 Trinity Street.
Meets on third Friday of month at Holden
Building, 16 Hastings Street East, at 7.30 p.m.
Hotel & Restaurant Employees, International Alliance, Local No. 28—President, W. Colman,
441 Seymour Street, Vancouver; Secretary, A.
Graham, 441 Seymour Street, Vancouver.
Meets at 441 Seymour Street first and third
Wednesdays.
Jewellery Workers, International Union of, Local
No. 42—President, Len. C. Simpson, 3492
Thirty-eighth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, F. O. Yarrall, 1836 Alberni Street, Vancouver. Meets on first Thursday in month at
8 p.m.
Lathers, Wood, Wire & Metal, International
Union, Local No. 207—Secretary, A. Jenkins,
50 Forty-fifth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets
at Room 209, Holden Building, Vancouver, at
8 p.m. on first and third Fridays in month.
Lithographers of America, Amalgamated, Local
No. 44—President, C. Addie, 217 Twenty-third
Avenue,  Vancouver;   Secretary,  J.  Thompson,
Vancouver. Meets at Room 804, Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on third Wednesday
in month.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Kamloops
Division No. 320—President, G. P. Boston,
1763 Third Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, H. O. B. McDonald, 1222 Pendrell Street,
Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on second
Tuesday in month at 8 p.m. and on fourth
Tuesday in month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, No. 907—
Chief Engineer, J. H. Jones, 1847 Kitchener
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, T. Retallack,
1749 Seventh Avenue East, Vancouver.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Local No. 656
—President, T. Phillips, 1230 Eighth Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, S. H. Waterhouse,
1643 Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Thursday of
each month at 8 p.m. and third Thursday at
2 p.m. •
Lumber Handlers' Association (Independent) —
Secretary, J. Grider, 157 Cordova Street West,
Vancouver.
Lumber Workers' Association, Canadian (OF. of
L.)—Secretary, D. H. Marr, 2016 Third Avenue West, Vancouver.
Lumber Workers' Industrial Union, No. 120
(I.WW.)—Secretary-Treasurer. J. J. Dunning, 1001 West Madison Street, Chicago, U.S.A.;
Secretary, James London, 27 Hastings Street
West, Vancouver. Meets at 27 Hastings Street
West at 2 p.m. on Sundays.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 182—President, Geo. J. Johnston, 1212
Granville Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. H.
Wallace, 2170 Trutch Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 313 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Fridays.
Machinists, International Association of. Local
No. 692—Secretary, John Robb, 215 Thirty-
first Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at 807
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
second and fourth Tuesdays.
Machinists, International Association of. No. 702
President, W. W. Hague, 3489 Forty-first Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, J. A. Holmes,
1754 Pendrell Street, Vancouver.
Mailers' Union, No. 170 (I.T.U.)—Secretary,
Herbert E. E. Fader, 2718 Oxford Street, Vancouver.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
167—President, C. J. Beck, 1612 Eighth Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, A. D. McDonald, Box 115, Vancouver. Meets at 804 Holden
Building, Vancouver, at 11 a.m. on third Sunday in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1734—Secretary, John Roscow, 14 Fourteenth
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Eagle Hall
at 3 p.m. last Sunday in month.
Marine Engineers, National Association of, No. 6
—President, H. J. Hutchinson, 1936 First Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, E. Read, 232
Thirteenth Street West,  North Vancouver.
Marine Transport Workers' Union, No. 510
(I.W.W.)—Secretary, J. W. Owen, 27 Hastings   Street  West,   Vancouver.    Meets   at  27 G 72
Department op Labour.
1925
Hastings Street West at 7.30 p.m. on Wednesdays.
Milk Wagon Drivers & Dairy Employees, Local
No. 464—Secretary, B. Showier, 1115 Robson
Street, Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street
East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Fridays in month.
Mill & Factory, Local Union No. 1599—President, Allan Graham, 1825 Fortyffifth Avenue
East, Vancouver; Recording Secretary, B.
Holden, 1710 Fifth Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at 313 Holden Building, Vancouver, on
first and third Thursdays of each month at
8 p.m.
Moulders of North America, International Union
of, Local No. 281—Secretary, J. Pinkerton,
2159 Victoria Drive, Vancouver. Meets at 16
Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
first and third Fridays in month.
Moving Picture Machine Operators, Local No.
348—President, J. R. Foster, 1161 • Granville
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, G. Gerrard, P.O.
Box 345, Vancouver. Meets on first Sunday in
month at 991 Nelson Street at 7.30 p.m.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 145
—President, E. C. Miller, 991 Nelson Street;
Secretary, Edward A. Jamieson, 991 Nelson
Street, Vancouver. Meets at G.W.V.A. Auditorium, 901 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver, at 10
a.m. on second Sunday in month.
Newspaper Vendors, Federal Labour Union No. 7
(T. &L.C.)—President, John Bell; Secretary,
J. R. Fraser, Room 803 Holden Building, Vancouver.
Painters, Decorators & Paperhangers of America,
Local No. 138—Secretary, W. Wilson. 1033
Haro Street, Vancouver. Meets at 319 Pender
Street West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Thursdays of month.
Photo Engravers' International Union of North
America, Local No. 54—President, G. L. Edwards, 2723 Fifth Avenue West, Vancouver';
Secretary, Peter Rutherford, 794 Twenty-second
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first
Wednesday in month.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf & Dock Builders,
Local No. 2404—President, Gordon Campbell,
Box 320, Vancouver; Financial Secretary, J.
Thompson, Box 320, Vancouver; Recording Secretary, A. McMillan, Box 320, Vancouver.
Meets at 112 Hastings Street West, Vancouver,
at 8 p.m. each Friday.
Plasterers & Cement Finishers, International Association of the United States and Canada,
Local No. 89—President, Chas. Keall, 1295
McKay Avenue, Burnaby; Secretary, Edward
Williams, 1131 Barclay Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Holden Building, 16 Hastings Street
East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday
in month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
170—President, S. G. Smylie, 3765 Thirtieth
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary and Business Agent, Wm. Watt, 984 Seventh Avenue
West, Vancouver. Meets at Holden Building,
16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Fridays.
Policemen's Federation (Chartered by Trades &
Labour Congress of Canada), Local No. 12—■
President, David Mitchell, 3142 Twentieth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, W. M. Thompson, 1362 Seventeenth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at 16 Hasting? Street East, Vancouver,
at 7.30 p.m. on fourth Tuesday in month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 69—President, H. F. Longley, 308 Sixth Street, North
Vancouver; Secretary, W. W. Quigley, 2083
Second Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at 213
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
second Tuesday in month.
Radio Division, Electrical Communication Workers of Canada, British Columbia, No. 3—District Chairman, C. W. Mellish, Prince Rupert;
Secretary, H. Wolfe, Estevan; Assistant District Secretary, 0. T. Foote, 745 Yates Street,
Victoria.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, No. 144:—
President, G. H. Patterson, 877 Hornby Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, D. A. Munro, 70 Seventh
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at I.O.O.F.
Hall, Hamilton Street, on first Tuesday at 7.30
p.m. and third Sunday at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 58—President, A. S. Ross, 5873
Prince Edward Street, Vancouver; Secretary,
J. D. Vulliamy, 2215 Fifteenth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at Cotillion Hall, Davie and
Granville Streets, on first and third Fridays in
month at 8 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division
No. 267—President, J. R. Burton, 1324 First
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, J. B.
Physick, 1156 Thurlow Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday at 2
p.m.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Division No. 59—President, C. Bird, 2030
Union Street, Vancouver; Secretary, H. Winter, 2404 Guelph Street, Vancouver. Meets at
I.O.O.F. Hall, 515 Hamilton Street, at 8 p.m.
on first Friday in month.
Railway Mail Clerks' Association—President, H.
F. Hatt, c/o Railway Mail Service, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. A. Overend, c/o Railway
Mail Service, Vancouver. Meets in Room 18,
Post Office Building, Vancouver, at 2.30 p.m.
on last Tuesday of month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 630—President, J. Brodie; Secretary, J. W.
Hope, 110 Empire Building, Vancouver. Meets
at Belvedere Hall, cor. of Tenth and Main
Streets, at 8 p.m. on first Monday in month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks. Lodge 626—President, H. P. Wilson, 1758 Thirty-third Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, E. Baldock, 6433
Argyle Street, Vancouver. Meets at C.P.R.
Storeroom, foot of Drake Street, Vancouver, on
last Friday of month at 8 p.m.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees. Brotherhood of,
Local No. 46—Secretary, F. H. Fallows, 1504
St. Andrews Street, North Vancouver. Meets
in I.O.O.F. Hall,  Vancouver. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport op the Deputy Minister.
G 73
Retail Employees Association No. 1 (Independent), Vancouver—President, S. J. Blight;
Secretary, Robert Skinner, 536 Twenty-second
Avenue East, Vancouver.
Sailors & Firemen's Union of Canada, National—
Secretary, W. Griffiths, 305 Cambie Street, Vancouver.
Seafarers' Union of B.C., The Federated—President, R. Thorn, 565 Howe Street; Vice-President, D. Gillespie, Vancouver; Secretary, W.
Donaldson, 2054 Wall Street, Vancouver.
Sheet Metal Workers, Local No. 280—President,
N. C. Smith, 4425 Inman Avenue, Vancouver;
Secretary, A. P. Ashton, 4503 Spruce Street.
Burnaby. Meets at Holden Building, 16 Hastings Street East, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
Thursdays.
Shinglers' Union (Independent), Vancouver—
President, Wm. Harris, 843 Sixty-third Avenue
East; Secretary, J. W. Austin, 565 Beatty.
Street, Vancouver.
Shingle Weavers' Union, No. 17813—President,
J. N. Chute, 1163 Pender Street East, Vancouver; Secretary, W. H. Matthew, Joyce P.O.,
South Vancouver. Meets in Holden Building,
Vancouver, on the fourth Sunday at 7.30 p.m.
Steam Engineers, Sawyers, Filers & Mill Mechanics, Canadian Society of Certified, Headquarters No. 1—President, J. O. Brown, 1848 Fifty-
second Avenue East, South Vancouver; Secretary, H. Isherwood, 858 Sixty-sixth Avenue
East, South Vancouver. Meets on second and
fourth Mondays in month at 163 Hastings Street
West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International
Union of, Local No. 844—President, R. Finley,
1171 Forty-first Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, D. Hodges, 3731 Georgia Street East,
Vancouver. Meets at 806 Holden Building,
Vancouver, at 8 p.m. every Thursday.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Industrial Union
of No. 882—Vice-President, W. G. Hulbert,
1639 Fourth Avenue West; Secretary, Chas.
Watson, 871 Thirteenth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets every second Wednesday at 8 p.m.,
Room 806, Holden Building, Vancouver.
Steam .Shovel & Dredgermen, International
Brotherhood of, Local No. 62—President, D,
Clark, Aldergrove; Secretary, G. D. Lamont,
223 Carrall Street, Vancouver.
Stereotypers & Eleetrotypers, International Union
of, Local No. 88—President, C. Bailey; Secretary, J. McKinnon, 1614 Keefer Street, Vancouver. Meets at 310 Holden Building at 4 p.m.
on second Monday in month.
Stone-cutters' Association of North America—
President, E. J. Thomas, Fifty-ninth Avenue,
Vancouver ; Secretary, E. W. Tonge, 4119 Grace
Avenue, Burnaby Lake. Meets at 810 Holden
Building on second Tuesday in month at 8 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 101
—President, J. E. Smith, 1549 Thirty-seventh
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, H. C.
Griffin, 447 Sixth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Meets at K. of P. Hall, Eighth Avenue and
Scotia Street, Vancouver, at 10.15 a.m. on first
Monday and 7 p.m. on third Monday.
Switchmen's Union of North America, Local No.
Ill—Secretary,   A.   S.   Crosson,   1228   Howe
Street. Meets at 209 Holden Building on first
Sunday in month.
Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen, Local No.
178—President, A. R. Gatenby, 1721 Cotton
Drive, Vancouver; Secretary, C. McDonald,
P.O. Box 503, Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first
and third Thursdays in month.
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers, No.
466, International Brotherhood of—President,
L. Warren, 1043 Burrard Street, Vancouver;
Secretary, A. P. Black, 880 Homer Street, Vancouver.
Theatrical Stage Employees' Federation & Moving Picture Machine Operators of the United
States and Canada, International Alliance of,
Local No. 118—President, G. W. Allin, Box
711, Vancouver; Secretary, G. Martin, Box 711,
Vancouver. Meets at 991 Nelson Street, Vancouver, at 9.30 a.m. on second Friday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
226—President, C. S. Campbell, P.O. Box 66,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. H. Neelands, P.O.
Box 66, Vancouver. Meets at Room 213,
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 2 p.m. on last
Sunday in month.
Upholsterers' International Union No. 26—President, J. W. Gordon, 2292 Wellington Avenue,
South Vancouver; Secretary, J. Chappie, 4354
Twelfth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at
342 Pender Street West, Vancouver, on fourth
Monday of month at 8 p.m.
Waterfront Freight Handlers' Association—President, H. P. Hazen, rear 233 Main Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, A. McAdam, 4363 Hastings
Street East, Vancouver. Meets in rear of 233
Main Street on first and third Wednesdays in
month at 8 p.m.
Waterfront Workers' Association (Independent),
Vancouver and District—Secretary, C. J. Wilson; 211 Hastings Street East, Vancouver.
Wood-workers, Amalgamated Society of, No. 1
Branch—President, G. Richardson, 2856 Oxford Street, Vancouver; Business Agent, J.
McKinley, 607 Fifty-second Avenue East; Secretary, C. B. Ellis, 1657 Thirty-sixth Avenue
East, South Vancouver. Meets at Flack Building, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays of each
month.
Wood-workers, Amalgamated Society of, No. 2
Branch—Business Agent, J. McKinley, 607
Fifty-second Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, W. Bray, Vancouver. Meets at nack
Building, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, on first and third Tuesdays at 8 p.m.
Vernon.
Typographical Union, No. 541—President, H. G.
Bartholomew, Box 643. Kelowna; Secretary,
W. B. Hilliard, R.R. No. 1, Enderby. Meetings held at Vernon on last Sunday in month.
Victoria.
Barbers, Journeymen, International Union of,
Local No. 372—President, J. A. Green, 1319
Government Street, Victoria; Secretary, J.
Langlois, Sayward Block, Douglas Street.
Meets at A.O.F. Hall on fourth Monday in
month at 8 p.m. G 74
Department op Labour.
1925
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers of
America, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 191—Secretary, P. W. Wilson, 1323 Pandora Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall
at 8 p.m.  on second and fourth Mondays.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 147—President, W. W. Laing, 125 Linden
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, E. Sturgeon, 141
Eberts Street, Victoria. Meets at Sussex Block,
Yates Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on fourth Friday in month.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers of
America, International Union of United, Local
No. 280—President, G. M. Brewer, Crease Avenue, Saanich; Secretary, Ernest Orr, 58 Sims
Avenue, Saanich. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad
Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday
in month.
Bricklayers, Masons & Plasterers of America, International Union of, Local No. 2—President,
E. W. Mertton, 1039 Hillside Avenue, Victoria ; Secretary, J. H. Owen, 541 Toronto
Street, Victoria. Meets at K. of P. Hall, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on first Monday in month.
Carpenters & Joiners (Shipwrights), United
Brotherhood of, Local No. 1598—President, W.
Farquhar, 543 Manchester Road; Recording
Secretary, T. S. S. Stott, 1191 St. Patrick
Street. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street, at
8 p.m. on first and third Mondays in month.
Civic Employees, Local No. 50—President, A. E.
Fraser, 824 Pembroke Street, Victoria ; Secretary, W. E. Farmer, 2948 Scott Street, Victoria.
Meets at 842 North Park Street, Victoria, at
8 p.m. on second Wednesday.
Cooks, Waiters & Waitresses, Local No. 459—
President, S. Moore, Marigold; Secretary, F.
Dovey, 948 Inverness Street, Saanich. Meets
at Room 7, Surrey Building, Yates Street, on
first and third Tuesdays in month at 8.30 p.m.
Dominion Express Employees, Brotherhood of, No.
20—President, T. C. John; Secretary, F. E.
Dutot, 1549 Bank Street, Victoria. Meets at
Canadian Pacific Railway Building on first
Monday in month at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 230—President, John Grant, 830
Princess Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, W. Reid,
2736 Asquith Street, Victoria. Meets at Harmony Hall, Fort Street, at 8 p.m. on first and
third  Tuesdays  of  month.
Firefighters, City Union No. 258—President,
Henry Dyer, No. 5 Fire Hall, Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Heaslip, No. 5 Fire Hall, Victoria. Meets at Headquarters Fire Hall, Cormorant Street, at 8 p.m. on or about first of
each month.
Granite Cutters' International Association of
America—President, J. Eva, Orillia Street, Saanich ; Secretary, J. Barlow, P.O. Box 392, Victoria. Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on
third Friday  of each month.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No. 11
—Secretary,  W.   Cragmyle,  2872  Inez  Drive,
- Victoria. Meets in Surrey Block, Yates Street,
at 7.30 p.m. on third Thursday in month.
Locomotive Firemen & Engineers, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 690—President, E. S. Cottle, Mary
Street, Victoria; Secretary, H. Richmond, 615
Wilson Street, Victoria. Meets at A.O.F. Hall,
Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday and
third Thursday in month.
Longshoremen's Association, No. 38-46, International—President, Joseph Ward; Secretary,
Francis Older, 746 Humboldt Street, Victoria.
Machinists, Local No. 456—Secretary, C. B. Lister, 3226 Oak Street, Saanich. Meets at K. of
P. Hall, North Park Street, fourth Thursday in
month at 8 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
2824—President, F. Loeffler, Taunton Street,
Victoria; Secretary, G. E. Wilkinson, 50 Sims
Avenue, Victoria. Meets at Labour Hall, Broad
Street, on third Sundays of March, June, September, and December at 2 p.m.
. Moulders, International Union of North America,
Local No. 144—President, G. Stancombe; Secretary, W. Kaye, 421 Vincent Street, Saanich.
Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on second
Wednesday in month.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 247
—President, Stanley Peele, 1210 MacKenzie
Street, Victoria; Secretary, W. H. Press, 1060
Burdette Avenue, Victoria. Meets at K. of P.
Hall at 2 p.m. on second Sunday in October
and April and 10.30 a.m. in May and September.
Painters, Dectorators & Paper-hangers, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 1119—President, A. Weatherill,
1269 Pembroke Street, Victoria; Secretary, F.
Pomeroy, 2631 Willows Road, Victoria. Meets
at Room 16, Green Block, Broad Street, on first
and third Thursdays in month at 8 p.m.
Pattern Makers' League of North America—
President, J. LeSueur, 1272 Walnut Street, Victoria ; Secretary, J. A. McCahill, P.O. Box 851,
Victoria. Meets on second Monday each month
at 326 John Street at 8 p.m.
Photo Engravers, International Union of North
America (Auxiliary of Vancouver), Local No.
54—Secretary, Frank M. Day, c/o Engraving
Department, " The Times," Victoria.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf & Dock Builders,
No. 2415—President, J. Crane, 318 Irvine Road,
Victoria; Secretary, E. E. Goldsmith, 2565
Grahame Street, Victoria. Meets at 16 Green
Block, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesdays of month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
17—President, J. Fox, 2858 Austin Avenue;
Secretary, H. Johnson, 3261 Harriet Road, Victoria. Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on
second and fourth Tuesdays.
Policemen's Federal Union, Local No. 24—President, John Geo. Foster, 733 Pembroke Street,
Victoria; Secretary, Geo. R. Clare, 538 Sumas
Street, Victoria. Meets at Police Headquarters
at 3.15 p.m. on first Tuesday in month.
Postal Clerks' Association (Dominion)—President, L. F. Hawkes, Cowper Apartments, Men-
zies Street, Victoria; Secretary, G. S. Bloom-
field, 2528 Garden Street, Victoria. Meets at
P.O. Building, Victoria. 16 Geo. 5
Eeport op the Deputy Minister.
G 75
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 79—President, Thomas Nute, 534 Michigan Street, Victoria; Secretary, F. H. Larssen, 1236 Mackenzie Street, Victoria. Meets at Campbell
Building (sixth floor) at 8 p.m. on second Monday in month.
Railway Carmen of America, Victoria Lodge No.
50—Secretary-Treasurer, John H. Booth, 2421
Mowat Street (Willows), Victoria. Meets in
Green Block on first Monday in each month at
7.30 p.m.
Railway Conductors, No. 289—Chief Conductor,
J. W. Thompson, 556 McPherson Avenue; Secretary, J. Martin, 2109 Vancouver Street, Victoria.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1137—President, E. Leonard, 1221 Whittaker Street, Victoria ; Secretary, H. McDougall, 1484 Lang
Street, Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall at S
p.m. on first Thursday in month.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No. 613
—President, C. H. Cross, 704 Lampson Street,
Esquimalt; Secretary, W. M. Parlby, 780 Dominion Road, Esquimalt. Meets at A.O.F.
Hall, Broad Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on
second Tuesday and last Friday in month.
Retail Clerks, International Association of, Local
No. 604—President, J. Talbot, 1737 Bank
Street, Victoria; Secretary, H. H. Hollins,
Trades Hall, Broad Street. Meets at Trades
Hall, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday
in month.
Sheet Metal Workers, Amalgamated, International
Alliance of, Local No. 134—President, J.
McMinn, Box 5, Victoria; Secretary, P. Pitt,
P.O. Box 5, Victoria. Meets at K. of P. Hall,
842 North Park Street, at 8 p.m. on first Thursday.
Steam Engineers, Sawyers, Filers & Mill Mechanics, No. 3—President, J. McKenzie; Secretary,
B. Burton, Sidney. Meets at Trades Hall at
8 p.m. on first Monday in month.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International Union,
Local No. 446—President, C. Maclean, 2640
Avesbury Street, Victoria; Secretary, H. Geake,
1242 Faithful Street, Victoria (P.O. Box 502).
Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesdays.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 109
—President, E. F. Fox, 1219 Basil Avenue, Victoria ; Secretary, W. Turner, 2169 Fair Street,
Victoria. Meets corner Broad and Yates Streets,
Victoria, at 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. on second Tuesday in month.
Stonecutters' Association of North America (Journeymen)—President, W. Mackay, P.O. Box 853,
Victoria; Secretary, J. Barlow, P.O. Box 853,
Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on second Thursday
in Labour Hall, Broad Street, Victoria.
Tailors' Journeymen Union of America, Local No.
142—President, M. Mobray; Financial Secretary, H. D. Reid, 3034 Washington Avenue,
Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on first Monday in
month.
Teamsters & Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 365—•
President, N. Hanson, 1463 Bay Street, Victoria ; Secretary, P. G. Rabey, 2536 Blanshard
Street, Victoria. Meets at Veterans of France,
Douglas and Courtney Streets, Victoria, at 8
p.m. on first Tuesday.
Theatrical Stage Employees & Moving Picture
Machine Operators of the United States and
Canada, International Alliance of, Local No.
168—Secretary, C. More, 949 Balmoral Road,
Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street,
Victoria, at 11.15 p.m. on first Thursday in
month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
201—President, F. G. Wyatt; Secretary, T. A.
Burgess, P.O. Box 1183, Victoria. Meets at
Campbell Building (sixth floor), Victoria, at
2 p.m. on last Sunday in month.
Upholsterers & Trimmers, No. 25—Secretary, J.
F. Sharp, 570 Yates Street, Victoria. Meets in
Campbell Building at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Mondays in month.
Willow River.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Railway & Shop
Labourers, No. 202.—President, C. M. LeClaire,
Snowshoe; Secretary, F. Swanson, Hutton
Mills.
Ymir.
Mine, Mill and Smelters, International Union—
Secretary, W. B. Mclsaac, Ymir.
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F.  Banfield,  Printer to the King's  Most Excellent Majesty.
1926. 

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