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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE LANDS AND SURVEY BRANCHES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LANDS… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1927

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL REPORT
OF  THE
LANDS AND SURVEY BRANCHES
of the
DEPAKTMENT OF LANDS
FOR  THE
YEAE ENDED DEOEMBEE 31ST, 1925
Hon T. D. PATTULLO, Ministek of Lands
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OF THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chables F. Banfield, Printer to tbe King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1926.  Victoria, B.C., September 22nd, 1926.
To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of the Lands and
Survey Branches of the Department of Lands for the year ended December 31st,
1925.
T. D. PATTULLO,
Minister of Lands. Victoria, B.C., September 22nd, 1926.
The Honourable T. D. Pattullo,
Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir.—I have the honour to submit the Annual Report of the Lands and Survey
Branches of the Department of Lands for the twelve months ended December 31st,
1925.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
G. R. NADEN,
Deputy Minister of Lands. PART I.
DEPARTMENT OE LANDS. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
REPORT OF LANDS BRANCH.
Page.
Report of Superintendent of Lands     7
Pre-emption Records, etc     9
Pre-emption Inspections   10
Land-sales    11
Coal Licences, Leases, etc  11
Crown Grants issued   11
Revenue     12
Letters Inward and Outward  13
Summary, 1925  14
REPORT OF SURVEY BRANCH.
Page.
General Review of Survey-work   17
Details of Field-work   18
Office-work—
Survey Division   21
Geographic Division  22
Table A.—Showing Acreages of each Class of Surveys gazetted since 1920  25
Table B.—Summary of Office-work   25
Table C.—Departmental Reference Maps  : 27
Table D— List of Lithographed Maps   28 DEPARTMENT OF LANDS.
G. R. Naden, Esq., Victoria, B.C., October 26th, 1926.
Deputy Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the report of the Lands Branch of the Department of
Lands for the year ended December 31st, 1925.
The accompanying statistics indicate that no marked variation has taken place in the past
few years in the land transactions under the administration of this Branch, although a steady
progress is apparent.
A slight falling-off appears in the number of pre-emption records and certificates of purchase
issued, but in nearly all other respects increases are shown—namely, in certificates of improvement, Crown grants, coal-prospecting licences and leases, and sundry leases, also in the revenue
and correspondence.
Sundry leases include those issued for various industrial purposes, such as cannery, fishing-
stations, fish products, booming, mill-site, fur-farming, grazing, hay-cutting, home-sites, etc.
Although the number of Crown grants issued is greater as compared with the preceding
year, the area conveyed is much less, chiefly accounted for by the grant in 1924 of 100,000 acres
to the Dominion Department of Militia and Defence.
According to the pre-emption records issued, the most settlement is taking place in the
country tributary to the Pacific Great Eastern Railway throughout the Lillooet and Cariboo
Districts, and also contiguous to the Canadian National Railway lines, including the valley of
the South Fork of the Fraser River, the North Thompson River Valley, vicinity of Prince George,
Neehako Valley, Francois Lake, and the Bulkley Valley, also along the Coast and adjacent
islands, including the Queen Charlotte Islands.
Auction sales were held of lots in the townsites of Kimberley, Marysville, Blue River, and
Trail; also of subdivisions in the vicinity of Powell River, 312 lots being sold, realizing
$21,240.75. Disposal was made of 520 parcels of property offered at previous auction sales, but
which were not purchased, and thus became available for private sale. The sum of $115,850
was realized from these sales. Following is a summary of the private and auction sales
referred to:—
Summary or Sales in 1925.
Parcels., Value.
Atlin        67 $    4,040 00
Blue River        3 575 00
Kimberley         4 100 00
Kitchener       0 440 00
Marysville    171 1,870 00
Port Clements       2 50 OO
Point Grey   125 94,505 00
Powell River      55 4,855 00
Quesnel       7 990 00
Sandon         6 60 00
Stewart      41 2,140 00
Trail         4 325 00
Tulameen      16 900 00
Vancouver       13 5,000 00
Totals  520 $115,850 00
Auction Sales.              pal.ce,s Value_
Kimberley        15 $   4,395 00
Marysville     162 2,320 00
Powell River   102 12,350 75
Trail        17 1,525 00
Blue River       6 650 00
Totals  302 $ 21,240 75
Total town lots sold in 1925, S22, for a total value of $137,090.75. A number of properties, both town lots and acreage, which 'have reverted to the Crown
under the " Taxation Act" were also sold. The demand for this class of property is1 still active.
In respect to the Southern Okanagan Irrigation Project, thirty-six lots containing 370 acres
valued at $56,372.75 within this area were sold, and twenty-six lots containing 483.33 acres,
consisting mostly of bottom lands, were leased at a nominal rental conditional on development,
with an option of purchase at the end of three years, the price of same being $34,234.
In the University endowment lands area at Point Grey eighteen parcels were sold and
sixteen leases issued.
I have, etc.,
H. Cathcart,
Superintendent of Lands. 16 Geo. 5
Lands Branch.
T 9
PRE-EMPTION RECORDS, ETC., 1925.
Agency.
Pre-emption
Records
allowed.
Certificates
of
Purchase.
Certificates
of Improvements.
5
90
12
76
88
1
34
6
4
1
11
15
35
57
33
60
24.
7
10
39
95
46
5
36
71
5
53
8
3
107
4
31
1
97
53
4
23
280
30
378
Atlin    .	
27
3
0
51
22
2
13
3
3
1
10
8
8
35
28
1
21
3
4
Totals	
559
1,379
245 Report of the Minister op Lands.
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Li_.ND-SALES, 1925.
Acres.
Surveyed   (first class)        497.0
Surveyed  (second class)     4,899.8
5,396.5
Uusurveyed   1,315.5
6,712.3
COAL LICENCES, LEASES, ETC., 1925.
COAL-PROSPECTING LICENCES.
Number of licences issued, 102;   area, 65,280 acres.
Number of leases issued, 5;  area, 2,558 acres.
Sundry Leases.
Number of leases issued, 121;  area, 15,409 acres.
CROWN GRANTS ISSUED, 1925.
Pre-emptions    267
" Pre-emptors' Free Grants Act, 1916 "         4
Purchase      93
Mineral        271
" Soldiers' Homestead Act "	
Town lots     233
Reverted lands (other than town lots)        70
Reverted mineral       74
" Townsite Proportionate Allotment Act " 	
"Dyking Assessments Act" 	
" Public Schools Act "         3
Soldier Settlement Board          3
Land Settlement Board      12
Reverted town lots    143
Miscellaneous  _      19
Total    1,192
Applications for Crown grants  1,193
Certified copies      25
Total Acreage deeded.
Pre-emptions  39,623.16
Mineral claims (other than reverted)   10,773.96
Reverted mineral claims  3,380.74
Purchase of surveyed Crown land (other than town lots)   6,165.99
Purchase of reverted land   4,397.863
Purchase of unsurveyed Crown land   580.00
Lands conveyed to Soldier Settlement Board   267.60
Lands Crown-granted to Land Settlement Board   3,501.20
Miscellaneous   12,409.64
Total     81,100.153 T 12
Report of the Minister op Lands.
192£
STATEMENT OF REVENUE, YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31st, 1925.
Land-sales.
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$  36,647 33
10,322 25
4,476 82
1  58
$ 36,647 33
$ 97,091  39
45,869 73
11,315 16
3,220 51
3,288 01
107,413 64
50,346 55
11,316 74
3,220 51
3,288 01
Totals..                	
$ 51,447 98
$160,784 80
$212,232 78
Revenue undek " Lajsd Act."
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
Sundry lease rentals
Grazing rentals	
Survey fees	
Sundry fees	
Royalty	
Rent of property	
Totals	
54,193 90
5,680 79
1,332 55
16,154 25
243 56
$ 3,187 80
2,147 0O
1,362 00
$ 54,193 90
5,680 79
4,520 35
18,301 25
243 56
1,362 00
$ 77,605 05
$ 6,696 80
$ 84,301 85
Revenue under " Coal and Petkoleum Act."
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$    9,700 00
20,157 88
6,088 75
200 00
$    9,700 00
20,157 88
6,088 75
200 00
Totals	
$ 36,146 63
$ 36,146 63
Sundry Receipts.
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
$    5,073 46
25 17
1,273 90
$    5,073 46
25 17
1,273 90
Totals	
$    6,372 53
$    6,372 53
Summary of Revenue.
Victoria.
Agencies.
Total.
Land-sales	
$ 51,447 98
77,605 05
36,146 63
6,372 53
$160,784 80
6,696 80
$212,232 78
84,301 85
36,146 63
6,372 53
Land revenue	
" Coal and Petroleum Act "	
Sundry receipts	
Totals	
$171,572 19
$167,481 60
$339,053 79 16 Geo. 5
Lands Branch.
T 13
Summary of Cash received.
Revenue    ?339,053~ 79
" Soldiers' Land Act "—
South Okanagan Project   12,022 01
Houses, South Vancouver   1,695 88
" Better Housing Act"—
Principal     58,100 00
Interest -  64,903 32
Refunds to votes and advances   105,740 53
University Hill lands  10,644 69
Exchange   6 10
Total   $592,166 32
STATEMENT OP LETTERS INWARD AND OUTWARD, 1925.
Letters inward     16,901
Letters outward     12,378 T 14
Report of the Minister of Lands.
1925
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rtrt' PART II.
SURVEY BRANCH.  REPORT OF THE SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
Victoria, B.C., January 2nd, 1926.
To the Hon. T. D. Pattullo,
Minister of Lands, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report on the operations of th£ Survey
Branch for the year ended December 31st, 1925:—
Thirty qualified British Columbia land surveyors were employed during the year for various
periods, five of whom were employed as assistants. Fifteen parties were in the field for more
or less extensive periods, while the remainder were employed on work of limited extent.
General Review or Field-work.
The field-work carried on by the Branch is divided into three main classes—namely, surveys
of Crown lands for settlement purposes, control surveys, and topographical surveys. The
following is a short review of the work done under the various headings:—
Crown Land Surveys.—The area of Crown land surveyed totals 16,832 acres. This consists
mostly of about 8,000'acres surveyed in the Stuart River Valley and about 5,000 acres of logged-
off lands surveyed into lots varying from 20 to 160 acres on Quadra Island, east of Campbell
River. The remainder of the land survey consists mostly of isolated lots in widely scattered
localities, surveyed to meet demands of settlement. This work involved the running of 173
miles of boundary-line and the retracement of 83 miles of previously surveyed lines.
It is estimated that 235 parcels have been surveyed into lots suitable for pre-emption and
118 parcels into small acreage or town or villa lots.
Control Surveys.—Triangulation control surveys were carried out both on the Coast and
along the eastern slope of the Coast range of mountains. On the Coast one party surveyed
Muchalat Inlet, on the west coast of Vancouver Island; one party covered certain channels and
inlets in the vicinity of Knight Inlet; another was operating in the vicinity of Seymour Inlet;
and a fourth party on the east coast of Moresby Island, of the Queen Charlotte Islands Group.
On the east side of the Coast Range one party carried a triangulation net northward from the
Skeena River through the Kitsumgallum Valley to the Nass River, and another party extended
a net from the vicinity of Chilko Lake to the Lillooet River, where it was connected with a
triangulation established by a photo-topographical party working in that area. These surveys
served as connecting-links which complete a net now extending along the east side of the Coast
Range from Lillooet to the Nass River. This net is connected through the range at various
points to the Dominion Geodetic Net along the Coast, and will serve as a base for the purpose
of extending triangulation control surveys eastward over the Province. This work is already
being extended and utilized in connection with, reconnaissance topographical work, one party
having been engaged on this class of work in the Upper Morice and Neehako Valleys, where the
Department is obtaining data for the preparation of a topographic map of an area which contains .
a great number of lakes and high mountains, and of which all existing maps are very inaccurate
and lacking in detail. These lake areas are naturally destined, at some future date, to provide
storage for the regulation of the flow of the Neehako and Fraser Rivers, and the maps now being
prepared will form a basis for the intelligent study of the problems involved.
Somewhat similar work was also carried out in the Kootenay District, where a large number
of mineral claims which have reverted to the Crown under the " Taxation Act" are being leased.
Many of these claims were not definitely connected with known points in the original survey, and
in order to administer properly the issuance of leases and new grants it is necessary that these
be accurately located on our maps.
Three parties were engaged on this work—one in the Lardeau District, one north of Kaslo,
and another on the divide between East and West Kootenay, extending from St. Mary Lake to
Crawford Bay, on Kootenay Lake.
Photo-topographical Surveys.—Photo-topographical surveys were being extended in the area
south of the Railway Belt by the usual two parties—one operating north-westerly and the other
south-westerly from the town of Princeton.    With the exception of a small area in the vicinity
of Princeton, which could not be completed last year owing to adverse conditions due to weather
2 T 18
Eeport of the Minister of Lands.
1925
and smoke, the entire area south of the Railway Belt and west of the easterly boundary of the
watershed of Okanagan Lake and River has now been covered by this class of surveys and detail
topographical maps of any portions of these areas, with contour intervals of 100 feet, are now
available.
A third party was employed last year, which covered approximately 400 square miles of
country north of the town of Lillooet in the valleys of the Fraser, Bridge, and Yalakom Rivers.
Details of Field-work.
It has been the practice in previous reports of this Branch to append the detailed and
general reports of the individual surveyors. Owing to the fact that these reports are mainly of
local interest and each annual report covers widely scattered parts of the Province, it has been
decided to print these separately from time to time, covering, in one volume, the reports of
surveyors for certain districts over a period of years. In this way reports of former years,
which are now out of print, can be reprinted and made available for public distribution.
The following paragraphs have been compiled with the idea of presenting a resume of the
work done by each surveyor in as short and concise a form as possible:—
J. A. F. Campbell, B.C.L.S. Mr. Campbellwas employed on the resurvey of certain lauds
along the Stuart River, which were originally surveyed into square miles and did not suit the
conditions on the ground. Two boundaries were readjusted to give each parcel approximately
20 chains frontage on the river. He reports good agricultural land in this area, with especially
fertile soil in the river-flats.- Settlers in the vicinity are reported as getting lands cleared and
under cultivation. He gives an instance of where one man alone cleared an acre ready for the
plough in six days.
Mr. Campbell also made a survey for a settler at Tatuk Lake, south of Vanderhoof. He
reports the country between Nulki and Tatuk Lake as mostly timbered, with very little land
suitable for agriculture.
Noel Humphrys, B.C.L.S. Mr. Humphrys was employed on the subdivision of an expired
timber lease, known as Lot L, on Quadra Island. This area was divided into 127 holdings of
from 20 to 60 acres each. There are numerous outcrops of rock on this area, but there are a
number of small valleys and depressions which contain good soil. Owing to the proximity to
market these areas should be capable of development at a profit. A disastrous Are swept the
island during the summer, interfering considerably with the work of this party.
G. K. Burnett, B.C.L.S. Mr. Burnett was employed for part of the season subdividing lands
formerly held under timber licence in the vicinity of Myrtle Point. This was the extension and
completion of work carried on during the previous year. These lands are situated a few miles
from Powell River, a growing industrial centre, and for this reason should be in good demand
when opened for settlement.
L. iS. Cokely, B.C.L.S. Mr. Cokely was employed on miscellaneous surveys throughout the
Province, including some land surveys and. correction surveys at Canim Lake, Lillooet District,
and Barriere Lake, Kamloops District. Small subdivisions were made at Avola and at Red Pass
Junction on the Canadian National Railway. The latter area lies inside Mount Robson Park and
the subdivision was designed to provide holdings for hotelkeepers and tradesmen attracted by the
business occasioned by the fact that this is the point where the Prince Rupert branch line of
the Canadian National Railway leaves the main line between Edmonton and Vancouver. The
townsite is prettiiy situated on the shores of Moose Lake, in the heart of the mountains, and
would lend itself to development as a mountain resort.
Miscellaneous Surveys.—In addition to the above, certain smaller surveys were carried on
as required from time to time in various locations.
A preliminary survey was made of portion of Lot 176, Group 1, New Westminster District,
and a proposed subdivision was designed and partially laid out on the ground. This area adjoins
Tenth Avenue, Point Grey, and lies directly south of the Jericho Golf Club leasehold. Some
considerable study was devoted to this area, with a view to obtaining the best possible subdivision suitable to the site, and at the same time provide street accommodation to take care
of some of the through traffic between the University lands area to the west and the city.
J. A. Walker, B.C.L.S., was in charge of this work on the ground.
Some supplementary surveys required to meet changed conditions were made on the Songhees
Reserve by Bateman Hutchinson, B.C.L.S. 16 Geo. 5 Survey Branch. T 19
By an agreement with the Dominion Government the jurisdiction of the Province was confirmed over the bed of False Creek at Vancouver. In order to obtain information whereby this
area could he given intelligent consideration, W. G. MeElhanney, B.C.L.S., was employed to make
a survey of existing improvements in relation to adjoining property boundaries.
Some small holdings were laid out by G. B. Bagshaw, B.C.L.S., on the south side of Quesnel
River at Likely, with a view to meeting the local demand for home-sites.
A. Cummings, B.C.L.S., was employed in subdividing an expired timber licence in the vicinity
of Fernie for agricultural purposes.
Small miscellaneous surveys were made in New Westminster District by M. W. Hewett,
B.C.L.S., and in the Similkameen District by P. W. Gregory, B.C.L.S.
A number of lots for settlement purposes were laid out on Victoria Creek, Cariboo District,
by A. J. Butterfield, B.C.L.S.
The small reserve created by the Government over the area which surrounds the rock on
Dean Channel, where Sir Alexander Mackenzie made his famous inscription in 1793, was surveyed
by A. E. Wright, B.C.L.S. It is understood that the Dominion Historic Sites Board contemplates
the erection of a monument on this area in the near future.
Mr. Wright also made a small survey for the Department at Atnarko, having been engaged
in that district by the Department of Indian Affairs on the survey of Indian reserves.
Control Surveys.—P. M. Monckton, B.C.L.S. Mr. Monckton carried a triangulation survey
from the Skeena River northward through Kitsumgallum Valley to Aiyansh, on the Nass River,
being a link in the chain of triangulation control along the east side of the Coast Range. His
work was connected with the precise traverse carried along the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway
from the Coast by the Geodetic Survey of Canada. He also gathered data for the preparation
of a rough topographical map of the valley, which will be useful in connection with the mineral
development now taking place in this valley.
F. C. Swannell, B.C.L.S. A control and reconnaissance topographical survey was commenced
in the immense lake area of the Upper Neehako River in 1920 and was practically completed
in 1925. The triangulation forms another link in the chain along the east side of the Coast
Range, and the topographical information, which completely alters existing maps, is expected
to be of great importance in the development of these little-known areas, as well as forming a
basis for the study of water storage and control problems on the Neehako River. Proposals
have also been made from time to time to divert water from these lakes to the Coast for power
purposes, and Mr. Swannell's maps will also give data which will be useful in approaching such
a scheme.
John Davidson, B.C.L.S. The work outlined for Mr. Davidson's party consisted of a southerly
extension of the interior triangulation net from Chilko Lake to connect with A. J. Campbell's
triangulation established in connection with a photo-topographical survey north of the town of
Lillooet, and also an extension westward to connect with the Coast triangulation at the head of
Bute Inlet. The former part of the work was completed and this provided a complete chain from
the town of Lillooet, on the Fraser River, to Aiyansh, on the Nass River, a distance of about
435 miles.
Mr. Davidson's work extended along the Bridge River, on which work for an extensive power
scheme is now proceeding.
Unfortunately conditions did not permit of the connection to the head of Bute Inlet.
The country covered by this survey is too high for agricultural purposes. The mining prospects are, however, encouraging and there are large areas suitable for grazing.
W. J. H. Holmes, B.C.L.S. Owing to considerable prospective development on the west coast
of Vancouver Island it has been found necessary to extend the Coast triangulation work similar
to the work now nearly completed on the Mainland Coast, to cover the west coast islands and
inlets. This work consists in making an accurate determination of the coast-line by triangulation
and tying in all existing surveys. The result of the work permits of more accurate clearances
of various applications for lands required for timber-sale, foreshore leases, and other purposes.
Mr. Holmes last year covered Muchalat Arm and part of Nootka Sound.
H. H. Roberts, B.C.L.S. Mr. Roberts carried on the Coast triangulation on Call Creek,
Tribune Channel, Thompson Sound, and other adjacent passages and inlets in that vicinity, and
a tie was made by him to Trafalgar Geodetic Station in the vicinity of Call Creek.
3 T 20
Report of the Minister of Lands.
J. T. Underbill, B.C.L.S. Coast triangulation work was done by Mr. Underbill in Smith
Inlet, Boswell Inlet, Ahclakerho Channel, Quascilla Creek, Wyclees Lagoon, and Long Lake.
A. ,S. G. Musgrave, B.C.L.S. Mr. Musgrave made certain miscellaneous surveys on Queen
Charlotte Islands, including the laying-out of some small parcels at Queen Charlotte City and
an investigation of timber surveys at Thurston Harbour. Subsequently he completed the triangulation of the east coast of Moresby Island, from Juan Perez Sound to Rose Harbour, tying in a
number of Canadian geodetic stations.
D. M. McKay, B.C.L.S. Mr. McKay was employed for the greater portion of tbe season by
tbe Federal Department of Indian Affairs in the Upper Chilcotin and Blackwater Valleys. His
presence in this area was taken advantage of, and he carried on a triangulation and recommendation survey, extending his work of the previous season northerly through an area which, to date,
has been very indifferently mapped. The area in general was found to be of small economic
value, being too high for agricultural purposes and timber not of any value owing to quality
and inaccessibility. There are hay meadows scattered throughout the area and the side-hills
afford considerable grazing. The Indians in the district have a certain amount of stock and
horses.
O. B. N. Wilkie, B.C.L.S. The Trout Lake Mining Division experienced some considerable
mining activity in the decade between 1890 and 1900. During this time many claims were
located, surveyed, and Crown-granted. Many of these claims have reverted to the Crown under
the " Taxation Act" and owing to renewed activity in mining a large number of these are again
being taken up. As the old surveys are in many instances unconnected, it is difficult now to
clear these applications with a certainty that there is no conflict with other alienations.
Consequently Mr. Wilkie was employed on this area during the past year with a view to tying
these disconnected surveys together for the purpose of correcting existing maps and making it
possible to deal properly with current applications for grants under the " Taxation Act." The
work was carried on by means of traverses and triangulation and the result of his season's
work will be the possibility of preparing accurate mineral reference maps which would be of
assistance not only to this Department, but also to mining operators in the district.
H. D. Dawson, B.C.L.S. Similar work to Mr. Wilkie's was carried on by Mr. Dawson in the
area between Kootenay and Slocan Lakes. In his case, however, advantage was taken of the
triangulation net established by the Geological Survey during previous years, and to which net
the disconnected mineral-claim surveys were tied. Mr. Dawson also tied existing land surveys
on the northerly portion of Kootenay Lake to the Geological Survey stations established in 1924.
B. A. Moorhouse, B.C.L.S. In order to connect the Geological Survey triangulation net on
Kootenay Lake with a net established in 1898 in East Kootenay, and then known as a " mineral
monument survey," Mr. Moorhouse was instructed to carry a triangulation across the divide.
His work was commenced in the vicinity of St. Mary Lake, followed up the West Fork of St.
Mary River, crossed the divide by what is known as "Rose Pass" (elevation 6,500 feet), and
followed down Crawford Creek to Crawford Bay, on Kootenay Lake. Mr. Moorhouse also made
connections between existing surveys and certain mineral monuments in East Kootenay District.
Photo-topographical Surveys.—R. D. McCaw, B.C.L.S. Mr. McCaw covered an area of about
404 square miles south of Merritt by photo-topography, including portions of the valleys of
Sumers, Allison, and 1-Mile Creek and the Coldwater River.
G. J. Jackson, B.C.L.S. Mr. Jackson's work included the valleys of Whipsaw Creek, Granite
Creek, and Tulameen River, covering an area of about 280 square miles.
Both Messrs. McCaw and Jackson were hampered considerably in their work by smoke from
forest fires.
A. J. Campbell, B.C.L.S. The area lying between the Fraser and Bridge Rivers, north of
Lillooet, and comprising what is termed the Camelsfoot range of mountains, was known to contain
considerable grazing areas, but these areas had never been even approximately mapped. It was
decided, therefore, to cover this area with a photo-topographical survey. Mr. Campbell mapped
an area of about 400 square miles.
All of the maps being prepared by these photo-topographical parties will be available in the
early summer of 1926.
Private Surveys.—Surveys of Crown lands and mineral claims made at the instance of and
paid for by private applications under the provisions of various Statutes are known as "private
surveys."   The number of such surveys shows a decrease from previous years, except in the case 16 Geo. o Survey Branch. T 21
of leases, in which there has been an increase, mostly due to the increased demand for water-front
lands and foreshore for industrial purposes.
Office-work.
The office staff is divided into two main sections—namely, the Survey Division and the
Geographic Division.
SURVEY DIVISION.—The Survey Division deal's with general correspondence, supplying
survey information, blue-prints, etc., the preparation of survey instructions, plotting official plans
from survey returns, compiling departmental reference maps, clearing all applications, and other
incidental work.
During the year 666 field-books were received, containing notes for 802 lots, together with
seventy-one additional field-books containing notes of the traverses and control surveys. The
number of lots plotted and gazetted during the year totals 1,031; tracings of the plans of these
lots were prepared and forwarded to the respective Government Agents. Miscellaneous tracings
prepared totalled 371, while 1,480 tracings were prepared in duplicate for leases and Crown
grants.
An analysis of the various kinds of surveys gazetted during the year is given in the following
taWe:- Acres.
Purchase surveys  2,307
Mineral-claim surveys  5,740
Timber-licence surveys  2,150
Coal-licence surveys  320
Lease surveys   ■ 2,273
Government surveys   23,402
Total   36,192
A comparison of these figures with those of previous years is given in Table A attached to
this report.
Right-of-way Plans.—Plans of surveys of rights-of-way for railways, logging-railways, and
power-lines are examined and dealt with for Crown-granting of such portions as may be available.
Plans of 363 miles of various rights-of-way were thus dealt with during the year.
Clearances.—During the year the Survey Division supplied clearances for various applications as follows:—
Pre-emptions     703
Applications to purchase       163
Applications to lease      187
Coal licences       101
Water licences       190
Timber-sales      988
Hand-logger licences  ...'..     110
Crown grants  1,130
Revisions     715
Cancellations -  1,289
Reinstatements     177
It might be pointed out that a graphical record is kept of all clearances on the maps of this
Branch. In many instances it is necessary to consult numerous records in order to make certain
that no other interests are affected. Considerable work is involved in dealing with applications
under the " Taxation Act," as the majority of such refer to lands which have been subdivided
and the drafting of proper descriptions is frequently a complicated matter, necessitating considerable correspondence with the various District Registrars.
Departmental Reference Maps.—In order to keep a graphic record properly of all land
transactions, a set of reference maps, on the scale of 1 mile to 1 inch, covering the greater portion
of the Province, is maintained by the Branch. There are, in all, about 148 such maps prepared
on tracing-linen, in order that printed copies may be supplied to the general public if required.
They are kept as nearly as possible up to date with regard to geographical information and every 	
T 22
Report of the Minister of Lands.
1925
survey and application, is plotted on as soon as received. Being continually in use and under
revision, they become worn and illegible and require to be retraced and recompiled. During
the past year nineteen new maps were prepared.
Information supplied.—A nominal charge is made for the preparation of copies of field-notes,
blue-prints, etc., required by surveyors, other departments of the Government, and the general
public. The revenue derived from the copying of field-notes was $407.40, while the sum of
$1,481.84 was paid in for blue-prints;  the total number of prints made being 20,388.
Correspondence and Accounts.—During the year 6,026 letters were received and 4,611 sent
out, which latter does not include form letters and interdepartmental memoranda.
The accounts of the survey-work done under instructions and the sale of information have
been dealt with in the usual manner.
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION.—The Geographic Division deals with the compilation and preparation of maps for reproduction, the compilation of the Standard Base Map of the Province, and the
work incidental thereto.   The following is an outline of the map production for the year:—
Published.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
No.
Scale.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
40,000
2,000
April,  1925
Aug.,   1925
Ik
4e
1/500,000=7.89 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
71,500
Upper Elk Degree Sheet
2,000
Miscellaneous.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
Scale.
For whom prepared,
printed, etc.
Powell Lake Provincial Land and  Sale
Map
2,000
2,000
3,000
5,000
Feb.,    1925
May,    1925
May,    1925
Sept.,   1925
Lands Department.
Drawn and compiled.
Water Rights Branch.
Prepared.
Lands Department.
Drawn and prepared.
Drawn and prepared.
Special Map,  Greater Vancouver—Educational Survey
In Hands of Printer.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
Scale.
No.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
Neehako Pre-emptors' Map.    This map
was partly redrawn and corrected to
7,250
250
8,000
May,    1926
Jan.,    1926
June,   1926
3 m. to 1 in.
3b
Map  of  B.C.  showing P.G.E. Aid  Act
2 m. to 1 in.
4a
3,100
Standard Topographic Series, showing Land Surveys, Contours, and Road System.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
No.
Scale.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
East Lillooet Degree  Sheet.    Compiled
and  drawn	
6,000
May, 1926
4l
2 m. to 1 In.
3,100 16 Geo. 5
Survey Branch.
T 23
This map is introducing entirely new form of map production.    On the front of the map
there is:—
(1.) The outline of the land lots, and these statused to show lands alienated and lands
available.
(2.)  Contour information, wherever available.
(3.) Road and trail classification, etc.,
(4.)  Notation showing up natural resources of the area.
On the back of the map there is :—
(1.) A list of the first choice land lots open for pre-emption and settlement in this area,
upon which the applicant can enter immediately, if, in the meantime, not already
applied for.
(2.) "Appreciations" covering the potential developments of the various natural
resources.
(3.) A summary of the present and future of the "primary" present resource possibilities of this area.
In Course of Preparation.
Name.
No. of
Copies.
Date of
Issue.
No.
Scale.
Area in
Sq. Miles.
1927
June, 1926
1/1,000,000=15.78 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
270,428
3,100
4h
The compiling and drawing of the black outline and contours of British Columbia Central
Map is proceeding, and every effort is being made to procure the economic resources information
for tourist and commercial interests, similar to that appearing on the back of the Map No. Ik,
South-western B.C.
The compilation of Arrowhead Degree Sheet is completed and copy partly drawn for photolithography.
Gazetteer.
The compilation of the Gazetteer is progressing steadily and to date a little over 50 per cent,
has been edited and is now in the hands of the printers.
Cost-card System.
All work executed by the Geographic Branch for other offices and departments during the
past year has been efficiently checked up by the cost-c^rd system, and each order has been charged
for according to actual cost. The number of cards made out for other offices was ten, with a
total charge of $375.62.
Map-mounting.
The following is a synopsis of the work accomplished by the Map-mounting Division for the
year 1925:—
Loose-leaf map-books prepared (including brown-paper cover map-books)       27
Maps mounted and cut to fold and mounted     910
Blue-prints mounted      506
Photostat prints fitted, joined up, and mounted     640
Photos mounted on cards  1,162
Official maps repaired       67
Miscellaneous (field-books, odd jobs, etc.)      110
A special job of the new South-western B.C. Map, Ik, reinforced corners,
flat cedar sticks top and bottom of map, tack in each corner, and
hanger  1,845
In addition to carrying out the map-mounting requirements of the Survey Branch, the cash
receipts and credits for the period January 1st to December 31st amounted to $1,360.30. Work done, Receipts, and Credits.
Geographic and Survey Branch ,  $1,593 34
Lands Department  668 52
Other departments  572 21
Public   119 57
Total  $2,953 64
Photostat.
Year.
Requisitions.
Receipts and Credits.
Dept.
Public.
Dept.
Public.
Total.
1921	
1922	
568
750
793
•     792
875
204
172
18S
187
T22
$1,537 50
2,380 00
3,367 30
2,675 75
3,037 62
$710  85
635  65
520 30
748 50
556 05
$2,248 35
3,015  65
1923	
1924.	
5,887  60
3,424 25
1925 	
3,593 67
Map Stock and Distribution.
Maps issued Maps received
to Depts. into
Year. and Public. Geographic Stock.
1921        16,375 24,492
1922       17,047 18,063
1923       19,800 57,102
1924       19,446 . 30,10S
1925     21,224 4S,607
(1.) Cash receipts for printed maps, January 1st to December 31st,
1925   $1,421 36
(2.) Credits (Lands Department)  for printed maps, January 1st to
December 31st, 1925        948 24
(3.)  Credits, Government Agents, for printed maps        4S1 82
(4.) Value of printed maps issued free to departments and public .... 1,263 30
(5.)  Distribution of new South-western B.C. Map—Complimentary....    1,614 50
Letters received
Year. and attended to.
1921  '.  1,298
1922  , l  1,318
1923   1,400
1924   1,399
1925  1,961
Standard Base Map.
The staff of the Standard Base Map normally consists of one computer and three draughtsmen; during the past year one draughtsman was employed on geographic map compilation and
another was away for three months on special leave of absence. In consequence the output was
noticeably less than in former years.
The work of compiling new S.B.M. routes and the revision of certain others necessitated
the compilation of 2,500 miles of ordinary traverse and 445 miles of railway traverse.
The plotting of the skeleton routes on the scale of 1 mile to 1 inch was continued, eight
new sheets of 30-minute areas being completed; in addition, alterations and additions were made
to three others.
In all, sixty of these 30-minute area sheets have been completed, representing approximately
one-third of the area of the Province covered by the S.B.M. traverse routes.
Plots on the scale of 20 chains to 1 inch were made of the area covered by the photo-
topographic surveys; seven 10-minute quadrangle sheets being completed. 16 Geo. 5
Survey Branch.
T 25
During the year control nets were supplied for the following maps :-
Geographic Printed Maps.
Arrowhead Degree Sheet.
Neehako Pre-emptors' Map.
Wall Map of B.C.
Departmental Reference Maps.
Nos. 16-9n, ISa, 42c, 29a, 21-23, 18-20,
27a, 29, 32a.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. E. UMBACH,
Surveyor-General.
APPENDIX TO EEPORT OP SURVEYOR-GENERAL.
Table A.—Showing Acreages of each Class of Surveys gazetted each Year since 1900.
Year.
Preemptions.
Purchase.
Mineral
Claims.
Timber
Limits.
Coal
Licences.
Leases.
B.C. Govt.
Surveys.
Totals.
1900	
Acres.
22,873
26,493
35,297
37,615
48,124
42,660
33,573
50,460
66,788
71,316
79,273
89,485
09,461
55,202
45,551
22,746
14,335
12,632
10,835
8,514
8,172
3,078
1,268
991
1,180
Acres.
4,419
16,401
29,652
26,787
36,468
58,705
66,668
162,218
147,980
145,325
455,356
1,352,809
1,011,934
508,062
234,580
41,551
8,771
802
1,634
153
5,992
8,122
6,160
3,341
11,926
2,307
Acres.
33,441
33,400
31,057
18,115
20,549
15,535
9,894
10,017
14,607
10,744
12,499
21,325
16,645
18,043
7,546
8,339
7,677
8,386
9,247
10,264
12,580
6,280
4,637
9,175
11,382
4,750
Acres.
59
2,027
1,040
127,992
155,279
214,841
77,829
83,016
167,925
426,121
509,201
686,909
804,730
1,181,355
1,105,635
512,628
302,903
275,538
223,768
165,289
347,729
'247,766
37,966
53,101
33,028
2,150
Acres.
Acres.
664
593
1,026
2,003
3,009
806
9,566
4,387
2,580
15,239
5,864
6,500
8,560
4,740
4,209
841
5,145
2,960
2,342
1,495
3,227
11,884
3,094
2,790
1,437
2,273
Acres.
10,057
Acres.
71,513
1901	
79,094
1902	
626
98.69S
1903    .
800
179
107
213,312
1904	
48,670
137,218
41,312
20,367
9,821
8,310
43,363
120,938
99,236
72,719
36,098
29,245
10,983
2,843
953
160
22,143
4,423
2,520
4,480
7,561
320
312,278
1905	
469,872
1906	
23S.842
1907	
113,968
97,072
512,373
302,536
948,644
826,362
1,014,366
1,078,579
705,170
124,953
111,256
60,311
77,121
63,505
127,797
98,841
147,927
33,860
23,402
444,433
1908	
506,773
1909	
1,1S9,428
1910	
1,407,912
1911	
3,226,610
1912	
'2,866,997
1913	
2,854,487
1914	
1915	
2,512,198
1,320,520
1916	
474,767
1917	
414,417
1918	
309,090
1919	
262,996
1920	
463,348
1921	
409,360
1922	
154,486
1923	
221,805
1924	
100,374
1925     .
36,192
Table B.—Summary of Office-work for the Year 1925 and Comparative Figures for 1924,
Survey Division.
1924. 1925.
Number of field-books received  627 666
lots surveyed   786 802
„         lots gazetted and tracings forwarded to Government Agents 762 469
„         miles of right-of-way plans dealt with  377 363
„         applications for purchase cleared  169 163
„         applications for pre-emption cleared  -  752 703
„         reference maps compiled  23 20
„         Crown-grant applications cleared  989 1,130
Total number of letters received by Branch   5,571 6,026
„         n        Crown-grant and lease tracings made in duplicate  964 1,481
„         „        blue-prints made   26,949 20,388
Total revenue from sale of blue-prints and other information  $1,547.18. $1,949.24 T 26
Report of the Minister of Lands.
1925
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Eeport of the Minister of Lands.
1925
Table D.—List of Lithographed Maps.
Map
Year of
No.
Issue.
lA
1912
lex
1921
M
IE
1915
10
1916
lJC
1923
IJD
1923
l.IE
1923
1JF
1923
1.TO
1923
IK
1925
tlL
1926
2a
1920
2b
1914
2c
1919
2d
1923
2e
1924
f2F
1926
3a
1923
3b
1926
3c
1923
3d
1922
3e
1922
3f
1921
3g
1921
3ii
1923
3.1
1921
3K
1924
3m
1921
3p
1924
Ha
1926
t4B
1927
»4c
1912
4d
1913
4k
1925
4f
1913
4o
1914
t4H
1926
4.y
1921
4k
1923
4l
1926
t4M
1927
1916
1907
1898
1897
1896
Title of Map.
Geographic Series—
British Columbia.    In four sheets.    Showing roads and trails,
railway systems, etc.
British Columbia.   In one sheet.    Showing Land Recording Divisions
Kootenay, Osoyoos, and Similkameen.    Showing Mining Divisions
Cariboo and adjacent Districts.    Showing Land Recording Divisions
British Columbia.   In one sheet.    Showing rivers, railways, main
roads, trails, parks, distance charts, etc.,
and precipitation	
ditto ditto and Land Recording Divisions.
ditto ditto and Mining Divisions	
ditto ditto and Assessment Districts	
ditto ditto and Provincial Electoral Divi
sions
ditto ditto and   Land   Registry   Districts
and Counties
South Western Districts of B.C., Commercial and Visitors	
Central Districts of B.C., Commercial and Visitors	
Land Series—
Southerly Vancouver Island	
New Westminster and Yale Districts	
Northerly Vancouver Island	
Powell Lake »	
Bella Coola (Preliminary)	
Queen Charlotte Islands (Preliminary)	
Pre-emptors' Series—
Fort George	
Neehako	
Stuart Lake	
Bulkley Valley	
Peace River	
Chilcotin	
Quesnel   	
Tete Jaune   	
North Thompson	
Lillooet '.	
Prince Rupert	
Grenville Channel (Preliminary)	
Degree Series—
Rossland Sheet (Contoured)	
Nelson Sheet (Contoured)	
Cranbrook Sheet	
Fernie Sheet	
Upper Elk River Sheet	
Duncan River Sheet	
Windermere Sheet	
Arrowhead Sheet	
Vernon Sheet (Contoured)   	
Kettle Valley (Contoured)	
East Lillooet, Economic Geography (Contoured)	
Nicola Lake, Economic Geography (Contoured)	
Topographical Series—
Omineca and Finlay River Basins, Sketch-map of	
Miscellaneous—
Northern Interior.   (A. G. Morice)	
Kootenay District, East, Triangulation Survey of	
Osoyoos District, Portion of	
Kootenay District, West, Portion of	
Scale.
17.75 m. to 1 in.
.50 m. to 1 in.
7.89 m. to 1 in.
7.89 m. to 1 in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
31.56 m. tol in.
31.56m. tol in.
31.56 m. to 1 in.
31.56m. tol in.
7.89 m. to lin.
15.78m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4m. tol in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
4 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
3 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 in. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 ill. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
2 m. to 1 in.
5 m. to 1 in.
10 m. to 1 in.
6,000 ft. to 1 in.
2^ m. to 1 in.
1 m. to 1 in.
Per
Copy.
$1 00
50
50
50
50
50
75
75
50
50
50
50
50
60
50
50
50
50
25
25
25
25
26
25
60
50
50
50
10
10
10
10
Per
Dozen.
110 00
1 50
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
6 00
6 00
00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
4 00
4 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
2 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
4 00
50
50
50
50
tin course of compilation. *Out of print.
Note.—To avoid misunderstana:ug, applicants for maps are requested to state the " Map Number" of map desired.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1926.
1,825-1226-6127

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