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FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT OF THE FIRE MARSHAL FOR THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA STATISTICS, 1925 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1927

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 FOURTH ANNUAL REPORT
OF
THE FIRE MARSHAL
FOR   THE
PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
STATISTICS, 1925
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY OP THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Charles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1926.  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce;
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour:
The undersigned has the honour to present the Fourth Annual Report of the
Fire Marshal for the year ended December 31st, 1925.
A. M. MANSON,
Attorney-General.
Victoria, B.C., March 31st, 1926. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of Fire Marshal         5
Table I.—Inspections and Orders made     7,8
Table II.—Fires reported  9,10
Table III.—Causes of Fires _ :•. 11,12
Table IV.—Classification of Property 13-20
Table V.—Summary      21
Table VI.—Loss of Life       22 REPORT OF FIRE MARSHAL.
Office of Fire Marshal,
Vancouver, B.C., March 31st, 1926.
The Honourable A. M. Manson, K.C.,
Attorney-General, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit my fourth annual report as Fire Marshal, covering the
year ended December 31st, 1925.
One thousand six hundred and seventy-four fires have occurred during the year, the total loss
in buildings and contents being $4,176,841, an increase of $126,393 over 1924 and $53,076 less than
in 1923.
Bight hundred and forty-one fires, involving a loss of $1,653,894, occurred in the city municipalities which contain more than 50 per cent, of the entire population of the Province and where
at least 75 per cent, of the property values, in buildings and stocks, are located.
Three hundred and forty-one fires, with a property loss of $1,523,112, was the record for the
unorganized districts.
In the district municipalities, which are largely rural, we had 409 fires and a property loss
of $766,829.
In the five village municipalities there were twenty-nine fires, with a loss of $66,794. Thirteen of these fires are credited to Burns Lake, with a loss of $53,558. This high figure was due
to a conflagration started by a defective chimney which practically wiped out the business
district.
The fire districts, of which there are twenty-three throughout the Province, show a record
of fifty-four fires, with a loss of $166,212. Of this total Anyox contributed $13,180 in two fires;
Kimberley, five fires, $42,250; Port Bssington, five fires, $35,030; and Quesnel, nineteen, fires,
with a loss of $52,760.
Table IV. of this report shows that over 50 per cent, of our losses occurred in dwellings and
industrial plants. Nine hundred and forty-five dwellings, valued with their contents at $964,352,
and twenty-eight apartment-houses, with a loss of $11,975, make a total of $976,327 for our homes.
Industrial losses, including factories, canneries, machine-shops, sawmills, and shingle-mills, added
$1,198,069, making a total loss from fire in our homes and industrial plants of $2,174,396.
Of the 1,674 fires, 1,530 were in buildings of frame construction, causing a loss of $3,688,372.
Only 144 fires occurred in fire-resistive, concrete, or brick-joisted buildings.
It would appear from this record that if we are to reduce our fire losses we must take steps
to improve our methods of building construction.
During the year 1925 reports from the Assistant Fire Marshals show that buildings to the
value of over $40,000,000 were erected in this Province. In only a few of our larger cities and
municipalities are there building restrictions. In the large towns of our unorganized districts
and in the rural municipalities each man is a law unto himself when it comes to erecting a
building. The result of this method is that ranges of wooden buildings have been built up in the
towns and business centres of our municipalities without any provision for fire walls or stops
of any .kind. Notwithstanding the fact that defective chimneys and stove-pipes caused a loss of
nearly $300,000 in property last year, we find hundreds of stove-pipe chimneys being installed.
This method of construction can only have one result, and that is disastrous fires.
In addition to this, Councils in the rural municipalities absolutely refuse to provide fire-
protection equipment of any kind for the business centres. In the unorganized towns the only
way in which to provide such equipment is by voluntary contribution by the business-men, which
has proved very unsatisfactory.
In the City of Vancouver an industrial fire occurred involving a loss of $143,0.00. "Upon
investigation it developed that the major portion of this loss was due to the absence of fire-walls
required by the city laws to prevent the spread of fire, the result being a serious loss of property.
An attempt has been made during the year to have some of the towns in the unorganized
districts incorporate under the " Village Municipalities Act" with a. view to enacting building
by-laws and providing for fire-protection. Owing to certain local conditions they have failed to
take action. H 6
British Columbia.
1925
In the line of fire-protection we have been active during the year. One hundred and twenty-
three Assistant Fire Marshals have made 49,889 inspections and issued 4,759 orders under the
Act to remove fire hazards. One thousand eight hundred and forty-three fire-drills have been
conducted in public buildings. Eighty summonses were issued and forty-six convictions obtained.
Hospitals, asylums, and schools throughout the Province have been visited and inspected and
such recommendations made as were necessary for their protection. Plans and specifications for
new hospitals and hotels have been checked and approved. In addition, Mr. MacDonald, Mr.
Oswald, and myself have checked up the work of the Assistant Fire Marshals, giving assistance
and advice when requested. Twelve inquiries have been held during the year, at which evidence
was taken under oath. All fires have been investigated and the records have been kept and
tabulated by Miss Williamson in her usual efficient manner. Sixty-two appeals from the orders
of the Assistant Fire Marshals have been investigated and disposed of during the year. There
have been no appeals to the Courts from the Fire Marshal.
Regulations governing the installation and protection of oil-refining plants have been
enforced. Two companies have submitted plans for plants involving an expenditure of approximately $500,000.    These plans have been checked and approved and construction is proceeding.
Pursuant to your instructions, on January 1st we took over the administration of that
portion of the " Moving Pictures Act" governing the inspection, construction, and equipment
of motion-picture theatres. Mr. Oswald, of the Censor's staff, was appointed Assistant Fire
Marshal and added to this office. He has been actively engaged during the year, having made
428 inspections, issued fifty-four orders to remedy unsafe conditions, and condemned 35,000 feet
of damaged film. Seven new theatres have been built during the year, plans and specifications
for which have been examined and approved by this office.
On December 31st, 1925, there were 122 theatres, kinematographs, and film exchanges in
operation in the Province. The fire loss in films and equipment amounted to only $950, an
excellent record. In addition to his inspection-work, Mr. Oswald has assisted in conducting
thirty-two examinations for projectionists. During the year the regulations governing the construction and equipment of motion-picture theatres have been revised and brought up to date.
Regulations governing the keeping and sale of nitro-cellulose film and kinematographs have
been drafted and submitted for your approval.
The hazard of the open refuse-burner is still with us. Twelve fires from this source caused
a loss of $273,359. While the new type of " down-draught " burner has been proved 100 per cent,
efficient and a number have been installed, it would appear that drastic action on the part of the
authorities will be necessary to bring the balance of the mill-owners into line. It is only a
question of time when the conditions existing on False Creek and the Burrard water-front in
the City of Vancouver will result in a conflagration that will wipe out the industrial district and
the city bridges. In the meantime interested parties are busily engaged trying to decide who will
pay for and build a fire-boat.
New fire-protection equipment has been installed in twenty of the cities and towns during
the year.    Penticton, Kelowna, and Point Grey have built new fire-halls.
Nine lives were lost by fire in 1925—five adults and four children. Six deaths occurred in
homes, two in hotels, and one in a logging camp. An exceptionally sad case was that of Mrs.
Mabel Hunter, of South Wellington, who, with her four young children, met death while trying
to rescue them from her burning home.
In closing, permit me to express my appreciation of the assistance given in my work by
Colonel J. H. McMullin and members of the Provincial -Police Force, the City and Municipal
Police, and the Assistant Fire Marshals throughout the Province.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. ALFRED THOMAS,
Fire Marshal. 16 Geo. 5
Report op Fire Marshal.
H 7
TABLE I.—INSPECTIONS  MADE AND  ORDERS  ISSUED  BY  ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS.
Name.
Inspections.
Orders.
City Municipalitie
S  (31,).
                     38
4
                  24
16
                 280
76
                  32
6
                  451
18
                  36
1
                 449
70
26
23
                        5
                                           528
8
                                                3
35
16
                   722
5
            1,124
107
New Westminster	
 :                541
61
            1,014
99
Phoenix	
Port Coquitlam	
                            25
9
4
Prince George	
                    310
96
Prince Rupert	
                 320
125
                         350
9
                                           400
131
Salmon Arm	
Slocan	
Trail	
222
58
Vancouver	
                                                   30,862
3,084
195
17
Victoria     	
                 6,757
175
Totals..	
                           44,824
4,218
Burnabv	
District Municipalit
ies (29).
              .                                      120
43
Chilliwack	
                                                                       88
Coldstream  	
Coquitlam	
Delta	
Esquimalt	
48
22
Fraser Mills	
                                   280
Kent	
Langley	
                                                              2
1
Maple Ridg-..    *.  .    . .
2
Matsqui  	
22
Mission	
33
North Cowichan	
                                 169
72
North Vancouver	
11
1
Oak Bay .,	
                                                          101
6
Pcachland	
Penticton..	
                                                                        94
25
Pitt Meadows	
            .                                     1
Point Grey	
227
34
Richmond	
45
Saanich	
28
20
Salmon Arm	
South Vancouver	
62
Spallumcheen	 H
British Columbia.
192c
TABLE  L—INSPECTIONS  MADE AND  ORDERS  ISSUED  BY ASSISTANT
FIRE MARSHALS—Continued.
Name.
Inspections.
Orders.
District Municipalities—Continued.
Sumas	
Summerland ,	
Surrey	
Tadanac 	
West Vancouver	
Totals	
Village Municipalities (5).
Abbotsford	
Burns Lake	
Creston	
Mission	
Smithers	
Totals	
Fire Districts (23).
Anyox	
Burns Lake	
Dawson  Creek	
Hazelton	
Hedley 	
loco	
Kimberley :	
Lucerne	
Nakusp	
Oliver	
Pacific Mills, Limited	
Port Essington	
Pouce Coupe •.
Powell River	
Princeton  	
Quesnel	
Bona	
Sandon....	
Stewart...	
Telkwa ...
Terrace	
Union Bay	
Vanderhoof	
Totals	
Grand totals 	
Grand totals, 1924	
Grand totals, 1923	
24
19
43
4,049
211
9
158
26
415
42
26
47
2
805
49,880
49,677
40,573
344
7
1
5
1
195
18
4
1
21
72
7
13
1
6
9
37
31
176
4,759
5,304
5,468 16 Geo. 5
Report op Fire Marshal.
H 9
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
City Municipalities (3!,).
4
7
5
11
7
4
9
2
1
13
1
10
10
6
38
19
47
23
7
13
6
11
17
19
11
6
402
2
130
$        7,015
12,606
41,947
3,251
386
7,404
4,098
Grand Forks	
407
1,250
Kamloops              	
16,80#
Kaslo                 	
40
12,729
32,967
Merritt     	
2,795
Nanaimo                    1	
40,841
5,585
New Westminster      	
66,717
70,869
45,430
Port Coquitlam          .....
60,180
Port Moody                         	
4,767
Prince George	
19,454
230,167
61,477
2,746
Slocan         	
Trail...        	
13,161
Vancouver	
841,777
Vernon           .   .
1,310
Victoria   	
45,712
Totals	
841
51
13
1
6
1
17
15
12
16
10
4
14
14
1
8
3
46
14
19
3
67
5
4
7
$1,653,894
$   168,670
24,693
65
Burnabv	
District Municipalities (29).
Chilliwack	
Coldstream          	
Coquitlam  	
10,911
Delta	
2,530
24,731
Esquimalt	
Fraser Mills	
Kent	
Langlev 	
36,232
15,024
26,167
14,636
14,548
59,703
16,270
6
Maple Ridge	
Matsqui....	
Mission	
North Cowichan	
North Vancouver	
Oak Bay	
Peachland	
Penticton	
16,918
6,250
20,742
94,057
17,922
4,322
50,530
6,639
5,840
26,003
Pitt Meadows	
Point Grey	
Richmond	
Saanich         	
Salmon Arm	
South Vancouver .
Spallumcheen..
Sumas....
Summerland.... H 10
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE II.—FIRES REPORTED—Continued.
Districts reporting.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
District Municipalities—Continued.
Surrey	
Tadanac	
West Vancouver..
Totals...
Village Municipalities (5).
Abbotsford	
Burns Lake	
Creston 	
Mission	
Smithers	
Totals..
Fire Districts (23).
Anyox	
Burns Lake	
Dawson Creek...	
Hazelton	
Hedley	
loco	
Kimberley	
Lucerne..	
Nakusp	
Oliver	
Pacific Mills, Limited..
Port Essington	
Pouce Coupe	
Powell River	
Princeton	
Quesnel	
Rolla	
Sandon	
Stewart	
Telkwa	
Terrace	
Union Bay	
Vanderhoof	
Totals..
Unorganised Districts (15).
Boundary	
Port George	
Port St. John	
Hazelton 	
Kamloops	
Kootenay, North-east	
Kootenay, South-east	
Kootenay, West	
Lillooet..	
Nanaimo	
Prince Rupert	
Vancouver-New Westminster.
Vernon	
Victoria	
Yale	
Totals	
Grand totals..
41
2
15
29
19
54
81,050
2,075
20,295
409
$
766,829
1
$
731
13
53,558
1
2,202
2
650
12
9,653
66,794
13,180
1,172
42,250
750
274
35,030
1,050
6,479
52,760
250
1,950
6,600
618
3,849
$   166,212
15
$  48,917
20
290,138
4
2,425
8
10,751
22
65,327
23
109,897
30
203,466
37
160,603
0
14,368
84
201,968
9
20,340
33
217,755«
20
54,979
17
88,603
14
33,575
341
$1,523,112
1,674
$4,176,841
Note.—Construction of buildings—
Fire-resisting  7, loss $       9,112
Brick or concrete  137,    „ 479,357
Frame  1,530,    „ 3,688,372
1,674
$4,176,841 16 Geo. 5
Report of Fire Marshal.
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES.
Causes of Fires.
Ashes against wood	
Asphalt-pot boiling over	
Burning paint off wall   ,	
Candle carelessness	
Carburettor back-firing	
Clothes too near open fire	
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe 	
Coal-gas explosion	
Coal-oil carelessness	
Curtains from candle	
Curtains from electric light	
Curtains from lamp	
Curtains from stove	
Defective battery connection	
Defective brooder	
Defective chimney... ■_	
Defective fireplace	
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe	
Defective gas-meter	
Defective hot-air pipe	
Defective matches	
Defective oil-stove	
Defective pipe connection	
Defective stove or stove-pipe	
Defective wiring	
Electrical appliances..	
Exposure	
Fire-crackers	
Friction in belt	
Friction in machinery ignited dust.	
Friction of steel cable against stump	
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected
Gas-heater explosion	
Gas-jet left burning	
Gasolene carelessness _•	
Gasolene explosion	
Gasolene leaking on exhaust-pipe	
Gasolene-torch carelessness	
Gas-plate insufficiently protected	
Grease on stove ; _	
Heating of cinder collectors	
Hot box	
Incendiary	
Lamp explosion	
Lamp upset 	
Lantern upset	
Lightning	
Live coals	
Lubricating-oil upset on forge	
Match carelessness <	
Matches, children with	
Matches, mice with	
Molten metal spilled on floor	
Oil overflowing from furnace	
Oil-stove explosion	
Overheated steam-pipe	
Overheated tar-pot ignited roof _'	
Overheating of blower-pipe	
Overheating of machinery bearings	
Paper from fireplace	
Pitch-tank boiling over	
Rubbish around furnace	
Sealing-wax caught fire	
Short circuit	
Number.
15
1
1
2
12
2
26
1
1
86
19
10
1
1
2
3
1
47
20
42
167
3
1
1
2
7
1
1
19
2
9
3
3
16
1
2
29
8
9
3
9
15
2
59
27
2
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
47
H 11
Amount of
Loss.
6,958
520
27
2,260
5,818
21
13,138
1,000
725
123
5
3,544
403
275
425
199,688
14,442
10,696
50
152
12
911
75
86,721
50,028
18,497
431,801
634
219
2,944
49,200
14,022
46
174
10,982
547
3,174
1,795
937
23,448
104
2,654
30,485
3,209
11,797
1,805
18,572
14,091
16,370
118,539
14,666
696
2
318
211
14,943
832
175
168,562
5
238
450
5
75,702 H 12
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE III.—CAUSES OF FIRES—Continued.
Causes of Pires.
Number.
Amount of
Loss.
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from boiler  	
Sparks from burning rubbish	
Sparks from busb fire	
Sparks from chimney	
Sparks from coffee-roaster	
Sparks from conveyor	
Sparks from Dutch oven	
Sparks from engine	
Sparks from fireplace	
Sparks from forge	
Sparks from furnace	
Sparks from kiln ,	
Sparks from locomotive	
Sparks from mill burner	
Sparks from slash fire	
Sparks from smoke-stack	
Sparks from smudge fire	
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe	
Sparks from tractor	
Spontaneous combustion ,	
Stove explosion	
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected
Stove upset	
Sun's rays on glass	
Tar boiling over	
Unknown	
Varnish boiling over	
Wood too near steam-pipe	
Wood too near stove	
Totals	
160
6
15
63
225
1
1
1
12
51
2
4
1
3
12
1
3
2
23
1
48
2
91
1
1
2
166
1
1
6
$   246,332
1,474
17,878
123,354
203,350
7
28,000
32,S59
173,583
1,726
632
96,389
4,931
10,900
273,359
304
142
810
51,913
1,700
274,561
261
110,414
400
10,300
2,621
1,049,263
388
1,873
6,049
1,674
$4,176,841 ,
16 Geo. 5
Report op Fire Marshal.
H 13
TABLE IV.
—CLASSIFICATION OF  PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Apartments      28
Arenas  	
Automobiles
Bakeries     2
Banks   1
Banks and offices   1
Barber-shops   1
Barns   42
Barns and stables        2
Billiard-parlours         1
Blacksmith-shops        6
Boarding-houses
Curtains from stove  1
Defective chimney   1
Defective fireplace   3
Electrical appliances  2
Exposure   1
Live coals   1
Match carelessness  3
Sealing-wax caught fire   1
Smokers' carelessness  8
Sparks from chimney  4
Sparks from fireplace    2
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Unknown  2
Tar boiling over  1
Carburettor back-firing  10
Defective battery connection  2
Defective  wiring    1
Exposure  12
Gasolene carelessness  : 6
Gasolene leaking on exhaust-pipe    9
Incendiary  1
Match  carelessness    4
Short circuit   24
Smokers' carelessness   2
Unknown  8
Smokers' carelessness  1
Sparks from chimney   1
Exposure   1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Electrical appliances   1
Exposure   7
Grease on stove  1
Lantern upset   1
Live coals   1
Match carelessness  3
Matches, children with   4
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Sparks from bush fire  2
Sparks from stove-pipe   1
Sparks from tractor   1
Spontaneous   combustion  9
Unknown   10
Defective chimney   1
Spontaneous combustion  _.. 1
Exposure    1
Exposure    1
Lightning     1
Lubricating-oil upset on forge   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from forge   1
Unknown   1
Exposure   1
Smokers' carelessness   3
Sparks from chimney   1
Stove insufficiently protected   2
18
200
203
1,988
194
280
1,554
5
552
6,817
62
2
100
4,317
275
548
8,318
2,817
3,174
800
1,967
7,766
100
4,415
992
5
7,812
10
795
250
7,690
1,515
331
75
600
1,500
1,700
32,241
10,697
1,275
856
$ 285
7,633
8,800
1,500
200
1,450
$ 10,000
104
5
1,040
11,975
10
34,497
997
4,100
75
464
65,216
2,131
25
19,868
11,149 H 14
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAVSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Breweries          3
Brick-kilns         1
Bunk-houses          5
Canneries           2
Carpenters'   shops         1
Chicken-houses         9
Coal-chutes (mechanical)         1
Cranes           1
Dry-kilns         4
Dwellings     945
Defective  wiring    1
Pitch-tank boiling over   1
Unknown  1
Hot box   1
Defective stove  -  1
Lightning     1
Sparks from stove  1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected   1
Unknown  1
Exposure   1
Unknown   1
Coal-oil carelessness   1
Ashes against wood   1
Defective brooder   1
Defective stove   1
Lamp explosion   t.  2
Lamp upset     1
Live coals  '.: -  1
Sparks from bush fire   1
Unknown  1
Defective furnace   1
Oil overflowing from furnace   1
Sparks from bush Are   1
Sparks from chimney  1
Curtains from electric light   1
Exposure   3
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from chimney   1
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Short   circuit     1
Matches, children with  .   1
Overheated  steam-pipe  _    1
Sparks from mill burner   2
Ashes against wood  8
Burning paint off wall  -  1
Candle carelessness   2
Clothes too near open Are   2
Clothes too near stove or stove-pipe  24
Coal-gas explosion   1
Coal-oil carelessness   4
Curtains from candle   2
Curtains from lamp   2
Curtains from stove   1
Defective chimney  73
Defective fireplace   18
Defective furnace or furnace-pipe   7
Defective gas-meter  1
Defective hot-air pipe   1
Defective matches   2
Defective oil-stove  2
Defective stove or stove-pipe  :  41
Defective wiring  13
Electrical appliances   29
Exposure  53
Fire-crackers     2
Furnace or furnace-pipe insufficiently protected 4
Gas-heater upset   1
1,028
168
30,294
692
1,460
4,380
378
1,438
124
425
750
283
65
2,800
800
10,423
6
318
15
861
7,453
12
29
10
100
14,943
2,079
S    6,307
27
2,260
21
13,081
1,000
525
123
3,544
385
107,092
14,239
7,990
50
152
12
816
66,883
43,043
7,524
44,692
184
1,145
46
31,490
365
8,348
152,812
200
15,670
1,200
7,509
6,000
1,500
17,122
. 16 Geo. 5
Report op Fire Marshal.
H 15
TABLE IV.—'CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAVSBS—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Dye-works    2
Electrical plants  1
Elevators   (grain)     2
Engines  1
Factories  (auto-top)    1
Factories (baby-carriage)    1
Factories   (bed)     1
Factories   (hox)     2
Factories   (briquette)     1
Factories  (cement)     1
Factories   (clothing)     1
Factories  (decorative glass).. 1
Factories   (laundry-tray)     1
Factories (paper box)   1
Factories  (roofing material).. 2
Factories (sash and door)
Gasolene carelessness    4
Gasolene  explosion     . 2
Gasolene-torch carelessness   1
Gas-plate insufficiently protected   2
Grease on stove  !  9
Incendiary      17
Lamp explosion -  5
Lamp upset   6
Lantern upset  -    2
Lightning     4
Live coals  11
Match  carelessness    25
Matches, children with    16
Matches, mice with  '_ 1
Molten metal spilled on floor   1
Oil-stove explosion  2
Paper from fireplace -  1
Rubbish around furnace   1
Short circuit  6
Smokers' carelessness  -  48
Sparks from boiler   '1
Sparks from burning rubbish   8
Sparks from bush fire  46
Sparks from chimney    186
Sparks from fireplace   49
Sparks from locomotive   2
Sparks from mill burner     2
Sparks from smokestack   2
Sparks from smudge fire  1
Sparks from stove or stove-pipe   18
Spontaneous combustion   8
Stove explosion  2
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected  74
Stove upset  ...  1
Tar boiling over on stove   1
Unknown  ■.  SO
Wood too near stove  6
Electrical appliances   1
Sparks from smoke-stack   1
Short circuit   1
Exposure  1
Friction in belt ..•  1
Sparks from burning rubbish       1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Defective chimney  1
Friction in machinery ignited dust   1
Hot box  1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Spontaneous  combustion    1
Sparks from burning rubbish    1
Electrical  appliances  1
Defective chimney   1
Unknown   1
Spontaneous combustion   1
Overheated tar-pot ignited roof  1
Pitch-tank boiling over   1
Exposure  '.  1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from boiler   1
$    2,419
547
4
927
7,603
21,333
2,746
7,532
1,010
8,826
1,761
18,248
12,277
600
2
211
5
450
5,963
17,792
101
7,009
50,461
146,915
1,664
10,895
5S
67
800
37,843
17,026
261
88,309
400
2,611
162,486
6,049
$        252
75
$  19,435
219
$     2,289
11,443
832
70
240
230
25
$964,352
327
1,059
19,654
45
16,832
27,000
2,944
13,732
275
7,500
9
75
3,718
94,173
902
495 II 16
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Factories (saw)    1
Factories   (shoe)  1
Factories (varnish and paint) 1
Fences  2
Fishing-boats  2
Fish-packing plants   2
Flour-mills   —  1
Foundries  3
Freight-cars     1
Gaols    2
Garages   .'.  20
Gasolene stations   2
Golf-club houses  2
Grandstands    2
Greenhouses     1
Halls     6
Horse-show  buildings     1
Hospitals   11
Hotels        48
Sparks from burning rubbish   1
Short circuit    1
Varnish boiling over   1
Ashes  against wood    1
Unknown    1
Gasolene carelessness    1
Match  carelessness  1
Exposure  2
Spontaneous combustion    1
Furnace insufficiently protected  1
Sparks from furnace  1
Unknown '.  1
Exposure  1
Defective  furnace-pipe — 1
Exposure   1
Ashes against wood  1
Exposure    1
Gasolene carelessness  2
Match   carelessness  1
Short circuit  5
Smokers' carelessness  1
Sparks from stove   1
Spontaneous combustion  2
Stove insufficiently protected  1
Unknown  5
Defective chimney    1
Gasolene carelessness    1
Stove insufficiently protected   1
Unknown    1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Unknown  1
Defective furnace  1
Smokers' carelessness   4
Sparks from bush Are   1
Sparks from stove  .•  1
Exposure  1
Electrical appliances  1
Grease on stove   1
Lightning .'.  1
Smokers' carelessness  1
Sparks from chimney _. 6
Spontaneous combustion  1
Clothes too near stove  1
Defective chimney   1
Defective  "wiring     2
Exposure   5
Gasolene-torch carelessness  1
Grease on stove   1
Incendiary   1
Lamp upset  1
Match  carelessness    4
Smokers' carelessness   22
Sparks from chimney   4
2
20
240
554
$  10,773
4,073
7,487
2,400
2,000
50
3,300
3,850
887
2,080
5,506
3,300
1,700
6,500
9,510
$
550
40
$
9,500
865
$
43,626
42,500
$
7,906
850
4,365
106
50
113
35
396
30
35
21,987
3,150
42,095
1,741
75
.     800
4,000
482
11,971
2,445
2,832
1,369
388
22
794
5,000
51,955
22,333
700
4,400
36,683
590
10,365
'.,126
300
13,121
10,027
730 16 Geo. 5
Report of Fire Marshal.
H 17
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
House-boats        1
Launches         3
Laundries      10
Logging camps
24
Lumber-piles
Lumber-yards
Machine-shops          3
Marine repair plants        1
Mining property        5
Offices
22
Paper-mills       1
Paving plants   1
Planing-mills      2
Playhouses  (children's)     1
Pole-yards   1
Pool-rooms     1
Post-offices     2
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Sparks from furnace 	
Unknown 	
Incendiary 	
Carburettor back-firing	
Gasolene carelessness 	
Defective pipe connection   	
Defective  wiring	
Exposure   	
Fire-crackers	
Match  carelessness	
Overheating of blower-pipe	
Sparks from boiler 	
Sparks from chimney	
Friction of steel cable against stump
Match  carelessness  	
Smokers' carelessness  '.	
Sparks from bush fire	
Sparks from engine   	
Sparks from slash fire	
Unknown	
Sparks from bush fire 	
Sparks from locomotive	
Unknown 	
Exposure 	
Incendiary	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from bush fire  :.....
Exposure	
Gasolene carelessness 	
Sun's-rays on glass 	
Spontaneous combustion 	
Lubricating-oil upset on forge 	
Smokers' carelessness	
Sparks from bush fire	
Unknown 	
Ashes against wood	
Defective chimney 	
Exposure	
Match carelessness 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
Sparks from engine	
Spontaneous  combustion   	
Unknown	
Unknown 	
Asphalt-pot boiling over 	
Unknown 	
Wood too near steam-pipe 	
Matches, children with 	
Incendiary   	
Exposure  „...
Exposure 	
Smokers' carelessness 	
2
$ 8,795
3
45,208
$142,784
1
500
2
$ 1,501
1
900
2,401
1
$    75
1
421
2
1,550
1
450
1
100
1
175
2
158
1
84
3,013
2
$ 49,200
4
44,722
1
25,502
5
15,371
10
168,656
1
304
1
4,109
307,864
1
$ 1.0S3
1
5
2
6,199
7,287
1
$ 49,492
1
1,000
1
15,102
1
7,953
73,547
1
$   588
1
30
1
10,300
10,918
1
2,334
1
$ 7,570
2
12,123
1
31,535
1
11,000
02,228
1
$    40
1
35
10
10,851
1
• 100
4
4,886
1
400
2
5,187
2
1,732
23,231
1
52
1
520
1
$ 67,416
1
1,873
69,289
1
25
1
185
1
532
1
$ 3,100
1
100
3,200 H 18
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE IV.—CLASSIFICATION OF PROPERTY BURNED AND CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Pottery plants    1
Pumping stations     1
Railway stations  2
Repair-shops   1
Restaurants  8
Rooming-houses     14
Rooms and offices
Sawmills  	
Schools
Sheds ..
29
Shingle-mills
Shipyards
Sparks from kiln  1
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Match carelessness  1
Matches, mice with   1
Unknown   1
Exposure  5
Grease on stove   2
Smokers' carelessness   1
Ashes against wood    1
Gas-plate insufficiently protected    1
Incendiary    1
Smokers'  carelessness  9
Sparks from chimney     2
Defective chimney  1
Heating of cinder collectors   1
Incendiary     1
Live coals  1
Sparks from boiler  :  1
Sparks from burning rubbish   1
Sparks from bush fire   1
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from conveyor   1
Sparks from engine   1
Sparks from furnace  1
Sparks from mill burner   7
Spontaneous combustion  1
Unknown     . 7
Defective wiring ."... 1
Gasolene-torch carelessness   1
Incendiary     1
Sparks from chimney    2
Spontaneous combustion  :  1
Unknown   1
Ashes  against  wood     1
Exposure   4
Match carelessness   1
Matches, children with '.  3
Smokers' carelessness     7
Sparks from burning rubbish  1
Sparks from chimney   1
Sparks from smudge fire  1
Spontaneous combustion    1
Stove-pipe insufficiently  protected    1
Unknown — 8
Exposure  1
Match  carelessness    1
Sparks from boiler   1
Sparks from bush Are     3
Sparks from Dutch oven  1
Sparks from mill burner   1
Spontaneous combustion   1
Exposure  1
Match  carelessness      1
Smokers' carelessness   1
Sparks from forge   1
Unknown   1
300
96
$  17,
2,
800
170
12
200
10
1,717
197
325
25,
28,
4
83,
269.
367
104
413
000
100
50
900
904
000
527
521
147
59
741
,800
50
47
1,536
375
500
50
875
20
98
204
160
800
10
67
365
',435
21.
1,
5,
32,
2,
1
498
150
090
786
859
075
171
110
!,045
387
432
t,135
4,931
207
396
1,050
19,982
4,509
9,354
797,406
6,308
10,084
64,029
7,109 16 Geo. 5
Report of Fire Marshal.
H 19
TABLE  IV.—CLASSIFICATION  OF  PROPERTY  BURNED AND  CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Slaughter-houses
Stables	
Stores
84
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Stores and apartments     10
Stores and dwellings      31
Stores and halls        2
Stores and hotels        4
Stores and offices      18
Spontaneous   combustion   — 1
Defective chimney    1
Exposure     3
Lightning  2
Match  carelessness     1
Matches,   children   with    1
Overheating of machinery bearings  1
Smokers'  carelessness  4
Unknown  3
Ashes against wood  1
Defective chimney     1
Defective stove or stove-pipe   3
Electrical  appliances    ,  3
Exposure    23
Gasolene carelessness  2
Grease on stove   1
Incendiary      3
Match  carelessness       3
Short circuit  4
Smokers' carelessness    14
Sparks from chimney   4
Sparks from coffee-roaster   1
Spontaneous combustion  7
Stove or stove-pipe insufficiently protected   5
Unknown   9
Defective chimney     1
Exposure  3
Short circuit  1
Smokers' carelessness  2
Spontaneous   combustion  2
Unknown  1
Defective chimney  :  4
Defective stove-pipe     1
Electrical appliances     1
Exposure  9
Lamp explosion    1
Short circuit  1
Smokers' carelessness    l
Sparks from chimney  5
Spontaneous combustion  2
Stove insufficiently protected     2
Unknown  4
Exposure  l
Spontaneous combustion    1
Electrical appliances    1
Smokers' carelessness     2
Unknown      l
Exposure  4
Furnace insufficiently protected   1
Gas-jet left burning  :  1
Gasolene carelessness    1
Match  carelessness  1
Smokers' carelessness      6
Sparks from chimney   2
Spontaneous combustion    1
Unknown  1
$        537
1,346
540
150
531
108,502
3,219
2,210
f        125
14,000
7,009
1,842
87,975
661
40
1,170
10,200
49,213
52,028
13,064
7
16,210
947
44,751
i        100
478
262
89
1,751
450
>  17,652
11,387
35
62,723
180
5,195
7,000
271
4,061
3,206
38,870
579
2,004
174
25
500
366
30
1,190
25
177,095
299,842
3,130
150,580
7,014
4,S93 H 20
British Columbia.
1925
TABLE  IV.—CLASSIFICATION  OF  PROPERTY  BURNED AND  CAUSES—Continued.
Property.
Causes.
Amount of Loss.
Stores, offices, and rooms      ,       4
Clothes too near stove        1
Electrical appliances         1
Incendiary        1
Smokers' carelessness        1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected         1
Defective oil-stove           1
$          22
3,010
520
25
                    60
Stores and rooms      10
$          95
3,200
100
Grease on stove       1
13,500
7,800
Smokers' carelessness        2
Sparks from chimney         1
Stove-pipe insufficiently protected        1
Unknown        1
Short circuit          3
47
1,094
97
4,300
1,100
                    38
Smokers' carelessness           1
                      2
                  200
Spontaneous combustion        1
Exposure         3
Match   carelessness           2
Matches, children with        1
Short circuit          1
Sparks from stove       1
1,625
Warehouses     12
$  14,329
70
120
200
525
32,208
Unknown        2
1,074
6,922
Totals  1,674
    $4,176,841 16 Geo. 5
Report of Fire Marshal.
H 21
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e H 22                                               British Columbia.                                                 1925
TABLE VI.—LOSS OF LIFE, 1921-25.
Occupancy.
Cause of Pire.
Loss of Life.
Adults.
Children.
Dwelling	
Gasolene explosion	
1
Dwelling  	
1
2
1
4
Hotel	
Totals,  1925	
5
1
5
8
10
4
Totals,  1924.	
5
Totals, 1923	
9
Totals, 1922	
2
Totals,  1921
1
VICTORIA,  B.C. :
Printed by Charles F.  Banfield,  Printer to the King's Most Excellent  Majesty.
1926.

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