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Printed by F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1927.  To His Honour Robert Randolph Bruce,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned respectfully submits herewith the Annual Report of the Provincial Museum
of Natural History for the year 1926.     •
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, B.C., March, 1927. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
A'ictoria, B.C., March 1st, 1927.
The Honourable William Sloan,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural History, to lay
before you the Report for the year ended December 31st, 1926, covering the activities of the
I have the honour to he,
Your obedient servant,
Staff of the Museum        0
Objects        7
Admission        7
Visitors        7
Activities        7
Anthropology  8,38
Paleontology        8
Botany S, 15
Arnica nov. sp     10
Collecting Trip to Mount Garibaldi      15
Marine Zoology     2G
Entomology     19
Odonata       21
Coleoptera : 22, 32,39
Lepidoptera    19 39
Amphibians and Reptiles  05^ 37i 39
Ornithology 25,38
Mammalogy    26 3S
Accessions  gg
Publications received from other Museums     40 DEPARTMENT of the PROVINCIAL SECRETARY.
The Honourable William Sloan, Minister.
J. L. AArHiTE, Deputy Minister.
Francis Kermode, Director.
George A. Hardy, Assistant Biologist. Winifred N. Redfern, Recorder.
Nellie P. Bittancoijrt, Stenographer. Edward A. Cooke, Attendant.
AA7ii,fred H. Gibson, Apprentice. REPORT of the
By Francis Kehmode, Director.
(a.)  To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(b.)  To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province.
(c.)  To obtain  information  respecting the natural  sciences,  relating  particularly  to the
natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. (except New Year's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on Sunday
afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
The following figures show the difference between those who registered their names in the
book and those who were checked hy the attendants.    While only 29,623 people registered, the
total of the check was 45,648. Register. Check.
January  1,445 2,016
February   1,307 1,774
March   1,131 1,733
April   1,178 1,927
May  1,700 2,773
June  :  2,753 4,477
July     7,412 10,899
August   6,689 10,012
September   2,9S2 4,563
October     1,397 2,183
November        757 1.324
December      872 1,967
Totals   29,623 45,648
The Museum was honoured on November 29th by a visit from the third son of His Majesty
King George A'., Trince George, who was returning home to London, England, from China.
Several times during the year His Honour Lieutenant-Governor Bruce, who is greatly interested in natural history, brought distinguished visitors from Government House to visit the
A reorganization of the staff was put into effect during the early part of the year 1926, in
order that the office-work, which has been steadily increasing from year to year, could be handled
to better advantage. One attendant was transferred to another department and a stenographer
appointed, also an assistant to be trained in various branches of science.
The students in our schools and colleges are constantly bringing in specimens for identification, while private collectors continue to send in material, particularly in the botanical and
entomological branches of science.
Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector of Indian Orchards; Air. G. Y. Copley, of the
Grazing Commission; and Mrs. J. P. MacFadden, of New Denver, B.C., have donated a large
amount of botanical specimens ; while the Alice Siding School, under the direction of Air. Charles
Lallemand;   Mr. W. H. A. Preece, of Sidney, AM.;   and Air. G. Stace Smith, of Creston, B.C., C 8 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
have aided materially in increasing the entomological collection.   Specimens amounting to approximately 900, principally Coleoptera, were purchased from Mr. J. AV. Cockle, of Kaslo, B.C.
One short field-trip of about three weeks' duration was made hy the Assistant Biologist,
Mr. G. A. Hardy, to Alount Garibaldi, where he was associated with the camp established by
Air. Bell-Irving, of Vancouver, and the B.C. Mountaineering Club. The Aluseum has not been
in a position for some little time, on account of finances, to carry out any extensive field-work,
but, as the opportunity arose, it was thought desirous that one of the staff should undertake a
trip in the Mount Garibaldi Park, to work up the flora and fauna of that region. It is gratifying
to note that Air. Hardy's work in that locality during the three weeks' trip was of great value
to the Aluseum, and several new species in botany and entomology were recorded for British
Columbia. It is to be hoped that from time to time the finances of the Museum will permit
further expeditions into some of these isolated localities where little collecting-work has been
In the conchological section the Univalves have received attention, and Mr. W. A. Newcombe has again kindly donated some specimens from the collection made by his father, the late
Dr. C. F. Newcombe. The Museum Univalves, together with some from the Newcombe collection, were sent to Dr. Bartsch for identification, and will be arranged according to the latest
changes in names and nomenclature.    A detailed account of these will be found on page 28.
A number of new cases have been installed on the upper floor, including five wall-cases. In
two of these the Reptilia and Amphibia are now displayed; the remainder are intended to be
used for specimens of marine animals. Three dozen double-sided storage-boxes for insects were
made for the accommodation of the fast-growing collection. Here, named material is being
stored until such time as proper cabinet display may be provided.
Numerous requests are received from time to time for the loan of specimens for educational
purposes, particularly in ornithology. These requests are complied with whenever possible, and
it is gratifying to note that many of the older pupils of the city and rural schools are taking a
much greater interest of late in natural history.
A perusal of the various sections of the report will indicate that much useful and valuable
work has 'been done regarding the natural history of this Province. Special thanks are due to
specialists in the various branches of science for the invaluable help, and due acknowledgments
are made in the body of the report.
The Museum has been offered the opportunity, through the offices of Air. W. A. Newcombe,
to purchase a large number of anthropological specimens collected by the late Dr. AY. F. Tolmie
and his son, John Tolmie, one of the earliest pioneers in the services of the Hudson's Bay
Company in this Province. The collection contains a great many designs in large basketry-work,
which cannot be obtained from the Indians of to-day as the art is fast disappearing. There
are also many implements made of stone that were found on the old Cloverdaie Farm in the
early days of the Hudson's Bay Company, and it is hoped that in the next annual report we will
be able to give an itemized list and description of these most desirable specimens.
Reference was made on page 10, Alus. Rep., 1925, to a fine colleeion of fossils presented by
Mr. S. C. Burton, of Kamloops, B.C. These had been found in the fossiliferous sandstone of the
Tranquille geological formations at the west end of Kamloops Lake. They were sent to the
Smithsonian Institution for examination and have been returned with the following determinations by Dr. Bassler :—
Taxodium dubium Heer. Alnus carpinoides Lesquerowe.
Populus obtrita Dawson. Alnites curta Dawson.
Jugland sp. Myrica sp.
Leg-bone of mammoth, taken in the Yukon, 1900.    W. A. Newcombe.
By G. A. Hardy.
The past season has resulted in the acquisition of many interesting records and specimens,
thus steadily adding to our knowledge of the flora of this Province. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 0
The number of additions to the collection total some 664 specimens, being an increase of
nearly twice that of the previous year. Of these, eight are new to the Province and thirty-one
to the Herbarium.
The collection of Mosses and Linchens has been further enriched by the enthusiasm and
generosity of Mrs. J. P. MacFadden, of New Denver, B.C.; these are supplementary to a previous
donation of Hepatics last year, and are as authoritatively named and are scientifically mounted,
forming a model as to how such specimens should be treated. The Mosses are listed separately
elsewhere in the report, on page 11.
AVe have much pleasure in acknowledging our indebtedness to those who have continued to
benefit the Herbarium by their sustained zeal and consistency, Mr. W. B. Anderson, Inspector of
Indian Orchards, and Mr. G. V. Copley, of the Grazing Commission. These two gentlemen have
constantly, throughout a number of years, added much invaluahle material, not otherwise
acquired, and have made the most of their opportunities in connection with professional duties.
The Rev. R. Connell, who has discovered several new and rare plants on A'ancouver Island which
he has generously presented to the Aluseum, deserves special recognition. To these and other
contributors whose donations are of no less value, we heartily record our thanks and appreciation
in thus helping to build up a public reference collection of plants of British Columbia that will
be second to none, an end obtainable only by a wide and enthusiastic co-operation of all concerned.
An opportunity was afforded to make a short visit to Garibaldi Park in the interests of the
Museum. A number of very acceptable additions were thus secured. As these are from a
locality not previously represented in the Jfuseum, they are listed under the Report for Garibaldi
Park on page 15.
The following is a list of contributors, the number in brackets referring to the specimens
donated: Miss Allen (27), J. R. Anderson (3), W. B. Anderson (32), AAr. B. Anderson and G. A'.
Copley (27), Miss N. P. Bittancourt (1), Rev. R. Connell (14), Miss E. Copley (2), G. V. Copley
(102), H. R. Eldridge (1), Airs. M. Hankin (1), G. A. Hardy (187), N. Harper (1), D. Munday
(1), Airs. J. P. MacFadden (251), T. P. McKenzie (1), W. A. Newcombe (4), F. Perry (1),
W. H. A. Preece (1), Miss W. V. Redfern (1), N. Sanson (1), AV. Shephard (1), A. Sherwood
(2), Mrs. Thacker (1), and P. deNoe Walker (1).
To the following specialists we gratefully proffer our thanks for the invaluable assistance they
have rendered in the naming and verification of a large number of species: Professor C. R. Ball
(Salix) and A. S. Hitchcock (Gramime) of the U.S. Nat. Mus., Washington, D.C; Professor
H. St. John (General), of Pullman, Wash.; Professor Piper Smith (Lupines), San Jose, Calif.;
Airs. R. Erlanson (Rosacea?), Ann Arbor, Alich.; K. K. Alackenzie (Sedges), New York City;
and Dr. J. W. Bailey (Mosses), Seattle, Wash.
Mr. W. A. Newcombe has always allowed access to his extensive herbarium and library, a
privilege greatly appreciated.
Alessrs. AAr. B. Anderson and G. Y. Copley have taken a number of plants (48) on the
AVashington side of the boundary which may occur in British Columbia and therefore are welcome
additions for purposes of comparison.
The living wild-flower display, exhibiting the local seasonal plants, has been maintained as
usual throughout the season. It has a special appeal to visitors from other districts, as it shows
at a glance the predominating species in the vicinity of Victoria in flower at the time.
Advantage is continued to be taken of the exhibit and Herbarium by students and others
interested in the native flora, and fully justifies the time and effort expended in that direction.
A departure from the usual method of recording is made in this issue. In the following list
only records of special interest are noted. Names of collectors are placed in brackets. Localities
not followed by V.I. (Arancouver Island)  are from the Mainland of British Columbia.
The following plants are new to British Columbia:—
Leguminos.e  (Pea Family).
Lupinus formosus Greene var. bridgesi (Wats.)  Greene.    A^ictoria, V.I.  (G. A. Hardy).
Oxytropis luteolus   (Greene)   Piper.    Trial  Island,  off east  coast  of V.I.   (Rev.  R.  Connell).
Githopsis specularioides Nutt. var. glabrata Jepson.    Sooke, AM.  (Rev. R. Connell).
Specularia speculum DC.    Shawnigan Lake, AM.  (W. Shephard).    Introduced. C 10 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Composite (Composite Family).
Arnica cascadensis St. John nov. sp.   (Anderson's Arnica), Alount McLean  (W. B. Anderson).
Aster angustus (Lindl.) T. & G.    Windermere (W. B. Anderson).
Grindelia integerrima Rydb.    Windermere  (W. B. Anderson).
Plants which are supplementary additions to the Provincial Museum Preliminary Check-list,
" The Flora of \Tancouver and Queen Charlotte Islands," 1921 (introduced plants being printed
in italics in conformity with the printing of the Check-list) :—
Leguminos.e  (Pea Family).
Lupinus rivularis Dougl.    Sooke, V.I.  (Rev. R. Connell).
Lupinus formosus Greene var. bridgesi (Wats.) Greene.    Victoria, AM. (G. A. Hardy).
Oxytropis luteolus (Greene) Piper.    Trial Island, off east coast of AM. (Rev. R. Connell).
Campanulace.92  (Bluebell Family).
Githopsis specularioides Nutt. var. glahrata Jepson.    Sooke, V.I.  (Rev. R. Connell).
Specularia speculum DC.    Shawnigan Lake, V.I.  (W. Shephard).
Composite  (Composite Family').
Hemizonella minima Gray.    (Durandii Gray).    Sooke, V.I. (Rev. R. Connell).
We are indebted to Professor H. St. John, of Pullman, Wash., for the honour of kindly
allowing us to publish the following description of his species new to science, collected by
Mr. W. B. Anderson from Mount AlcLean, B.C.    It is as follows:—
Arnica cascadensis St. John nov. sp.
(By Harold St. John.)
Perennial, with an horizontal woody root-stock ; stem slender, erect, simple, about 1 dm.
high, clothed at the base with the shrivelled remnants of several pairs of leaves, their axils showing a tuft of white pilose hairs, bearing 3 or 4 pairs of leaves, which are gradually reduced
upwards; basal leaves coriaceous ohlanceolate, 5-nerved, glabrous on both sides, pilose-ciliate,
especially towards the short petiolar base, more or less denticulate towards the tip, 2.5-4 cm.
long, 5-9 mm. broad; cauline leaves similar but broader and shorter, the median pair lanceolate
and about 2.5 cm. long, the upper pair ovate-lanceolate acuminate and about 1.5 cm. long;
inflorescence of 1 terminal flower or commonly a 3-flowered cyme; peduncles slender, elongate,
becoming densely pilose towards the tip, 2-7 cm. long, often as long as the true stem of the plant;
heads turbinate, the disc about 1 cm. high; bracts equal, about 12 in number, oblong-elliptic,
densely white-pilose at base above glabrate on the back, white hirsute-ciliate, not at all glandular;
rays about 10, deep orange-yellow, the blades broadly elliptic, 12 mm. long, prominently veined;
disc-flowers numerous, deep yellow; achenes linear, black, 5 mm. long, densely incanous; pappus
white barbellate, slightly exceeding the achenes.
Perennis, foliis 3-4-jugis lanceolatis, floribus cymosis aurantiaciflavosis, aehieneis incanis.
British Columbia: Alount AlcLean, July 11th, 1926, W. B. Anderson S0O3 (type in Herb.
State College of Washington), and a duplicate in the Provincial Aluseum of Natural History.
This extremely attractive little Arnica belongs in the section Alpinaa. Its closest relative is
A. aurantiaca Greene, which was first described from the Wallowa Mountains of Eastern Oregon.
It is now known to range from British Columbia to Oregon. Coulter & Nelson and Rydberg
all refer this species to A. Rydbergii Greene. Judging by the original description, the writer is
not satisfied that this is the proper disposition of these species. A. aurantiaca seems to be a good
and distinct entity. It has glandular leaves, the peduncle glandular as well as hairy, is mono-
cephalous or with weak and later axillary heads, the bracts narrowly lanceolate, very short
ciliate towards the tip and glandular on the back. The new A. cascadensis has eglandular
leaves, is usually crowned with a 3-headed cyme, has the bracts eglandular oblong-elliptic and
long white hirsute-ciliate. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM. 1926.
C 11
The following Hepatics are additions to
and were collected and kindly presented to
Denver.   They were determined by Dr. Geo.
Cephalozia bicuspidata (L.) Dumort.
Cephalozia Lammersiana  (Huben.)  Spruce.
Cephaloziella Hampeana (Nees.)  Schiffn.
Cephaloziella byssacea (Roth.) AArarnst.
Chiloscyphus polyanthos (L.)  Corda.
Chiloscyphus rivularis (Schrad.) Loeske.
Harpanthus Flotowianus Nees.
Lophozia alpestris var. gelida (Tayl.) McA'ic.
the list published in the Report for 1925, page 16,
the Museum by Mrs. J. P. MacFadden, of New
H. Conklin, of Superior, Wis.
Lophozia inflata (Huds.) M.A.Howe.
Pellia Fabroniana Raddi.
Pellia Neesiana (Gottsche.) Limpr.
Radula complanata  (L.) Dumort.
Scapania undulata (L.) Dumort.
Scapania dentata var. ambigua.
Scapania dentata Dumort.
Scapania Bolanderi Aust.
Musci (Mosses).
(Presented by Mrs. J. P. MacFadden.)
We are much indebted to Airs. J. P. MacFadden, of New Denver, for the Mosses listed below,
collected in the south-eastern section of the Province. For the arrangement followed, and for
the interest he has shown in this connection, our best thanks are due to Dr. John AV. Bailey, of
Seattle, Wash. The chief work used is Dixon & Jameson's " British Mosses," with Dr. Grout's
modification in some cases.
Order I. Sphagnacfle.
Sphagnum acutifolium Ehrh.
Order II. Andee.face#:.
Andrewa obovata Thed.
Subclass I. Sphaonales.
Subclass   II.   ANDRE.EALES.
Subclass III.
Group A. Nematodontew.
Order III. Tetraphidace^e.
Tetraphis pellueida Hedw.
Order IV. Polytrichace.e.
Catharinea undulata (L.) W. & M.
Oligotrichia}!, aligerum Mitt.
Oligotriclmm parallelum  (Mitt) Kindb.
Pogonatum alpinum  (L.) Roehl.
Pogonatum urnigerum  (L.)  Beauv.
Order V. Buxbaumiace.e.
Buxbaumia aphylla L.
Buxbaumia Piperi Best.
Polytrichium juniperinum AVilld.
Polytrichium piliferum Screb.
Polytrichium striatum Banks.
Polytrichium sexangulurc Floerk.
Group B. Arthrodontew.
Subgroup I.
Order AT. Dicranace^:.
Ditrichum flexicaulc Hampe.
Ditrichum pallidum (Schreb.) Hampe.
Ditrichum tenuifolium (Schp.) Lindb.
Swartzia inclinata Hedw.
Swartzia montana (Lam.) Lindb.
Seligeria ealcarea (Dicks) B. & S.
Seligeria recurvata (Dicks) B. & S.
Ceratodon purpureas (L.) Brid
Cynodontium polycarpum  (Ehrh.)  Schp.
Oncophorus virens (Sw.) Brid.
Oncophorus strumiferum (Ehrh.) DeNot.
Diehodontium flavescens (Dicks) Lindb.
Dichodontium pellucidum (L.)  Schimp.
Dicranella crispa (Ehrh.) Schp.
Dicranella Grevilleana (Brid.)  Schp.
Dicranella h.eteromalla (L.) Schp.
Dicranella varia (Hedw.)  Schimp.
Dicranella rufescens (Dicks)   Schp.
Dicranella subulata (Hedw.)  Schp.
Dicranella rubra var. tenella.
Blindia acuta  (Huds.)  B. & S.
Dicranowesia crispula (Hedw.) Lindb. C 12
Dicranowesia crispula var. nigrescens.
Dicranodontium denudatum (Brid.) Hag.
Dicranum albicans B. & S.
Dicranum Bergeri Bland.
Dicranum Bonjeani DeNot.
Dicranum Drummondii Muell.
Dicranum elongatum Schleich.
Dicranum falcatum Hedw.
Dicranum fragilifolium Lindb.
Order VII. Fissidentacejs.
Fissidens adiantoides (L.) Hedw.
Fissidens grandifrons Brid.
Order VIII. Grimmiace.e.
Subgenus Scouleria.
Grimmia aquatica Hook.
Subgenus Schistidium.
Grimmia apocarpa (L.) Hedw.
Grimmia apocarpa var. rivularis W. & Al.
Grimmia conferta (Funck) B. & S.
Grimmia brunnescens (Limpr.) Par.
Subgenus Eu-grimmia.
Grimmia alpestris Schleich.
Grimmia ambigua Sulliv.
Grimmia anomala Hampe.
Grimmia Californica Sulliv.
Grimmia pulvinata (L.) Smith.
Grimmia ovata (Lindb.)  Schwaeg.
Grimmia pennsylvanica Schwaeg.
Grimmia tenerrima R. & C.
Grimmia torquata Grev.
Grimmia triehophylla Grev.
Rhacomitrium aciculare  (L.)  Brid.
Order IX. Tortulace^e.
Pottia Ileimii Fuernr.
Barbula cylindrica (Tayl.) Schimp.
Barbula fallax Hedw.
Barbula unguiculata (Huds.) Hedw.
Barbula vinealis Braun.
Tortula aciphylla Hartm.
Tortula brachyangia C. M. & Kindb.
Tortula mucronifolia Schwaeg.
Dicranum fuscescens Turn.
Dicranum fuscescens falcifolium Braith.
Dicranum Muhlenbeckii B. & S.
Dicranum Sehisti Lindb.
Dicranum scoparium (L.) Hedw.
Dioranum Starkei W. & M.
Dicranum strictum Schleich.
Dicranum undulatum Ehrh.
Fissidens incurvus Web. & Alohr.
Fissidens taxifolius (L.) Hedw.
Grimmia atricha C. Al. & Kindb.
Grimmia Dupreti Ther.
Grimmia apocarpa var. gravilis Schleich.
Grimmia agassizii Lesq. & James.
Rhacomitrium affine (Schleich.)
Rhacomitrium canescens (Hedw.)  Brid.
Rhacomitrium canescens var. ericoides B.&S.
Rhacomitrium depressum Lesq.
Rhacomitrium fasciculare (Schrad.) Brid.
Rhacomitrium heterostichum (Hedw.) Brid.
Rhacomitrium lanuginosum (Ehrh.) Brid.
Rhacomitrium microearpum Brid.
Rhacomitrium, patens (Dicks.) Hub.
Rhacomitrium sudeticum (Funk.) B. & S.
Hedivegia albicans   (Web.)  Lindb.
Tortula ruralis (L.) Ehrh.
Desmatodon latifolius (Hedw.) Brid.
Dcsmatodon latifolius var. muticus (Hedw.)
Didymodon rubellus (Hoffm.) B. & S.
Tortella tortusa (L.) Limpr.
Gymnostomum curvirostre  (Ehrh.)  Hedw.
Gymnostomum rupestrc Schleich.
Order X. Encalyptace^e.
Encalypta contorta (AVulf.) Lindb.
Encalypta ciliata Hedw.
Enealypta proeera B. & S.
Subgroup II. Diplolepide*
Encalypta rhabdocarpa Schwaeg.
Encalypta vulgaris Hedw.
A. Diplolepideffi Acrocarpa.
Order XI. Oethoteichace^e.
Amphidium lapponicum (B. & S.)  Schimp.
Orthotrichum anoinalum var. saxatile Alilde.
Orthotrichum Icevigatum Zett.
Order XII. Splachnace/E.
Splachnum spheericum L.
Tetraplodon angustatus (S.W.) B. & S.
Tetraplodon bryoides (Zoeg.)  Lindb.
Orthotrichum obstusifolium Schrad.
Orthotrichum rupestre Schleich.
Orthotrichum speciosum Nees.
Tayloria lingulata Lindb.
Tayloria serrata (Hedw.) B. & S. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1920.
C 13
Order XIII. Funariace^e.
Funaria hygrom.etrica (L.)  Sibth.
Order XIA7. Meesiace^e.
Meesia trichodes (L.)  Spruce.
Paludella squarrosa L. Brid.
Order XV. TimmiaceuE.
Timmia austriaca Hedw.
Timmia austriaca brevifolia Ren. & Card.
Catoscopium nigritum Brid.
Anacolia Menziesii (Turn.)  Schimp.
Bartramia ithyphylla Brid.
Bartramia Oederi (Gunn) Swtz.
Bartramia Oederi var. minor Kindt).
Bartramia pomiformis (L.) Hedw.
Order XVII. Bkyace^.
Leptobryum pyrlforme  (L.)  Wils.
Webera albicans Schp.
Web era annotina Schwaeg.
Webera canaliculata C. M. & Kindb.
Webera Columbica Kindb.
Webera gracilis DeNot.
Webera pulchella (Hedw.)  Schimp.
Webera earnea (L.) Limpr.
Webera nutans  (Schreb.)  Hedw.
Webera cruda  (L.)  Lindb.
Bryum argenteum L.
Bryum Atwateriw (Muell.) L. & J.
Bryum cwspiticium L.
Bryum crassirameum R. & C.
Bryum schleicheri var. latifolium Schimp.
Aulicomnium androgynum Schwaeg.
Aulicomnium palustre (L.)  Schwaeg.
Timmia megapolitana Hedw.
Bartramia subulata B. & S.
Conostomum boreale Swartz.
Philonotis calcarea Schp.
Philonotis fallax Dism.
Philonotis fontanel,  (L.)  Brid.
Philonotis foment ell a Mol.
Raellia lucida (E. G. Britton) Kindb.
Leucolepis acanthoneura (Schwr.) Lindb.
Mnium affine Bland.
Mnium affine rugicum  (Laur.)  B. & S.
Mnium Blyttii B. & S.
Mnium glabrescens Kindb.
Mnium orthorrhynchum (Brid.)  B. & S.
Mnium punctatum L.
Mnium punctatum elatum Schimp.
Mnium rostratum Schwaeg.
Mnium serratum Schrad.
Mnium spinulosum B. & S.
Mnium subglobosum B. & S.
Mnium venustrum Mitt.
B. Diplolepidese Pleurocarpre.
Order XVIII. Fontinalace.e.
Fontinalis crypheadelphis var. robustus
(CM.)  Card.
Order XIX. Neckeracilf;.
Neckera Menziesii Hook.
Order XX. Leucodontace^:.
Leucodon sciuroides (L.) Schwaeg.
Antitrichia curtipendula var. gigantea Sulliv.
& Lesq.
Order XXI. Leskeace.4e.
Myurella careyana Sulliv.
Myurella julacea (Vill.) B. & S.
Leskea arenicola Best.
Pterigynandrum flliforme (Timm.) Hedw.
Pterigynandrum flliforme var. minus L. & J.
Heterocladium procurrens   (Mitt.)   Rau.  &
Pseudoleskea atrovirens (Dicks)  B. & S.
Pseudoleskea catenulata B. & S.
Pseudoleskea denudata Best.
Fontinalis nitida Kindb. & Card.
Dichelyma falcatum Myrin.
Antitrichia californica Sulliv.
Porotrichum alopecurum (L.) Mitt.
Pseudoleskea oligoclada Kindb.
Pseudoleskea radicosa  (Mitt.)  L. & J.
Pseudoleskea rigcscens  (Wils.)  Lindb.
Thudium abietinum (L.) B. & S.
Thudium Blandovii (W. & M.) B. & S.
Thudium delicatulum (L.) Mitt.
Thudium recognitum (Hedw.) Lindb.
Claopodium crispifolium (Hook.) R. & C.
Claopodium Whippleanum (Sulliv.) R. & C. C 14
Order XXII. Hypnacej^.
Climaeium Americanum Brid.
Climacium dendroides  (L.)  Web. & Mol.
Pytaisia intricata (Hedw.) Card.
Camptothecium lutescens (Hook.) B. & S.
Camptothecium nitens (Schreb.) Schimp.
Camptothecium pinnaiifidium (S. &L.) Jaeg.
Brachythecium albicans (Neck.) B. & S.
Brachythecium asperrimum Mitt.
Brachythecium campestre B. & S.
Brachythecium eollinum (Schleich.) B. & S.
Brachythecium flexicaulc R. & C.
Brachythecium glaciale B. & S.
Brachythecium lamprochryseum C. M. &
Brachythecium lamprochryseum var. gigan-
teum Grout.
Brachythecium oxycladon (Brid.) J. & S.
Brachythecium plumosum (Sw.)  B. & S.
Brachythecium plumosum var. homomallum
B. & S.
Brachythecium populeum (Hedw.) B. & S.
Brachythecium reflexum  (Starke.) B. & S.
Brachythecium rivulare B. & S.
Brachythecium rutabulum (L.) B. & S.
Brachythecium salebrosum (Hoffin.) B. & S.
Brachythecium Starkei (Brid.) B. & S.
Suborder Hypnum.
Hypnum chrysopliyllum (Brid.) Bryhn.
Hypnum polygonum Schimp.
Hypnum stellatum (Schreb.) Bryhn.
Drepanocladus aduncus  (Hedw.) Warnst.
Drepanocladus aduncus (Hedw.) AVarnst var.
Kneiffi Schimp.
Drepanocladus aduncus var. gracilcscens
forma teneus Schimp.
Drepanocladus aduncus var. aquaticus Sanio.
Drepanocladus exannulatum Guemb.
Drepanocladus  cxannulatus  brachydietyon
Drepanocladus fluitans var. Jeanbemati
Drepanocladus fluitans (Dill.) Warnst.
Drepanocladus fluitans var. faleifolium
Drepanocladus intermedins (Lindb.) Warnst.
Drepanocladus Sendtneri  (Sch.) AVarnst.
Drepanocladus revolvens (Sw.) Warnst.
Drepanocladus uncinatus  (Hedw.)  Warnst.
Drepanocladus uncinatus var. symetricum
R. & C.
Drepanocladus uncinatus var. plumulosus
(B. & S.)  Roth.
Drepanocladus vernicosus (Lindb.) Warnst.
Drepanocladus vernicosus var. majus Lindb.
Eurynchium diversifolium (Schleich) B. & S.
Eurynchium fallax (R. & C.)  Grout.
Eurynchium  oregonum   (Sulliv.)   Jaeger  &
Eurynchium  pradongum   (L.)   Bryhn.   var.
Stokcsii  (Turn.)  Dixon.
Plagiothecium denticulatum CL.) B. & S.
Plagiothecium pilifcrum (Sw.) B. & S.
Plagiothecium pulchellum (Dicks.) B. & S.
Plagiothecium roseanum (Hampe) B. & S.
Plagiothecium striatellum (Brid.) Lindb.
Amblystegiella confervoides (Brid.) Loeske.
Amblystegiella Sprucei (Bruch.) Loeske,
Amblystegiella subtilis (Hedw.)  Loeske.
Amblysteyium compactum (C. Muell.) Aust.
Amblystegium fluviatile  (Sw.) B. & S.
Amblysteyium Juratekanum Schimp.
Amblystegium Kochii B. & S.
Amblystegium riparium longifolium
(Schultz)  B. & S.
Amblystegium noterophilum (Sulliv.) Warns.
Amblystegium riparium (Hedw.) B. & S.
Amblystegium serpens (L.) B. & S.
Amblystegium subtile  (Hedw.)   B. & S.
Amblystegium varium (Hedw.)  Lindb.
Amblystegium filicinum, (L.) DeNot.
Hypnum arcuatus Lindb.
Hypnum circinale (Hook.) Broth.
Hypnum plicatulus.
Hypnum pratensis (Koch.) Warnst.
Hypnum subimponens Lesq.
Hynum callichroum AArils.
Hiypnum revolutum (Mitt.) Lindb.
Hypnum crista-castrensis L.
Hypnum arcticum Sommerf.
Hypnum Bestii Ren. & Bryhn.
Hypnum dilatatum (Wils.) Loeske.
Hypnum molle (Dicks.) Broth.
Hypnum molle var. Schimperianum Schimp.
Hypnum ochraceum (Turn.) Loeske.
Hypnum palustre (Huds.) Loeske.
Hypnum scorpoides L.
Calligeron giganteum (Schimp.) Kindb.
Calligetron sarmentosum (Wahlenb.)  Kindb.
Calligeron Schreberi (Willd.) Grout.
Calligeron stramineum (Dicks.) Kindb.
Calligeron turgescens Schimp.
Hylocomium proliferum (L.) Lindb.
Hylocomium triquetrum (L.) B. & S.
Hylocomium loreum (L.) B. & S.
Hylocomium rugosum (Ehrh.) DeNot.
Hylocomium robustum (Hook.) Kindb. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 15
By G. A. Hardy.
A short visit was made to this district between July 24th and August 12th, 1926, for the
purpose of obtaining material for the Museum; an excellent opportunity being afforded by the
establishment of a camp there by Mr. Bell-Irving, of Vancouver, and the British Columbia
Mountaineering Club. This arrangement proved very satisfactory in many ways, not the least
being the minimum amount of expense.
Alount Garibaldi Park is an extensive tract of mountainous country, situate to the north and
east of the head of Howe Sound, averaging from 3,000 to close on 9,000 feet altitude, forming
part of the Coast Range. It takes its name from the dominant peak, Mount Garibaldi, 8,925 feet,
which lies near the centre of the park.
Headquarters were situated on the eastern part of the famous Black Tusk Aleadows, which
lie at an approximate altitude of 5,200 feet. At this point the meadows consist of a gently
sloping plateau some two miles by three-quarters of a mile, lying east and west. Several small
creeks and rivulets intersect it, the chief of Which, Parnassus Creek, lies towards the base of
Black Tusk Ridge, from which it has its source. The banks of this creek are a veritable rock
garden, the flora being of unsurpassed beauty and luxuriance. Clumps of Abies lasiocarpa
(mountain fir) and Tsuga mertensiana (mountain hemlock) are dispersed about the surface of
the meadows, giving a very park-like character; the open ground between is clothed with a carpet
of Phyllodoce (false heather) and Spirwa pectinata. The lower or western end merges into the
forest, which everywhere clothes the lower slopes descending into the valley of the Cheakamus
Black Tusk Ridge, 6,000 feet, rises steeply to the north of the meadows, forming its boundary
in that direction, leading to Black Tusk itself (7,350 feet), a little beyond. On the summit of
the ridge near the precipitous 'base of the peak are the glaciers and snow-patches referred to
farther on.
The southern border of the meadows is marked by an abrupt drop to the shores of Lake
Garibaldi, 4,840 feet, a deep glacial lake 3 miles long by 2 wide, with precipitous shores, its
outlet leading to Lesser Garbaldi. The peak of Alount Garibaldi is seen rising above the surrounding snow-field to the south of the lake.
The eastern boundary (of the meadows) is formed by Mimulus Creek, which tumbles into the
lake in a series of cascades; rising steeply from its eastern bank is Panorama Ridge, 6,700 feet,
a fine entomological hunting-ground. It continues as a narrow ridge to the east, its northern face
giving rise to a part of the extensive Helinit Glacier, in turn flowing into the Helmit A^alley to the
east of Black Tusk. 'Several hours' strenuous journeying to the east of Panorama Ridge brings
one to Gentian and Polemonium Ridges, 7,500 feet.
The territory thus briefly outlined constituted the chief collecting-ground. Trips were made
to other parts as opportunity offered.
Much rainfall and unsettled weather prevailed during the initial week, considerably retarding operations; advantage of which was taken by attending to a few traps set out for small
mammals, and investigating fallen logs and under stones for insects, etc. The latter part of the
period was ideal collecting weather, and partially compensated for the previous inclemency.
The itinerary was briefly as follows: Departure from Victoria on the evening of July 23rd;
then by boat the following morning from Arancouver to Squamish, at the head of Howe Sound,
reached about noon; thence by Pacific Great Eastern through the gorge of the Cheakamus to
Daisy Lake, some 20 miles farther up. Here a stop-over was made for the rest of the day in
order to make a few investigations. A start for camp at Black Tusk Aleadows was made early
the next day, arriving in the evening after a pleasant and instructive walk up the excellent trail
recently constructed. The distance from Daisy Lake Station is about 13 miles, through continuous forest, rising from an altitude of 1,200 to 5,200 feet.
The main objective on this occasion was botanical and entomological, the latter especially, as
no records are extant regarding it. In the former no material from this district was represented
in the Herbarium.
The region collected over, as judged by its flora, comes within the Hudsonian and Arctic
zones, with a sprinkling of the Canadian on the lower or more Sheltered portions. The various
zones imperceptibly merge and can only be appreciated by making lists of the species at various points and " averaging up." In typical locations they can easily be appreciated, but as much
depends on exposure, slope, etc., in many cases it is hard to say where the one begins and the
other leaves off.
No species below the Canadian zone (4,0CO-foot level) were collected, hut it was instructive
to note the change of flora from the Transition of Daisy Lake, up through the Canadian to the
Hudsonian at camp. In the former the conifers included Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga mucronata
Raf.), red cedar (Thuja plicata Donn.), hejulock (Tsuga heterophylla Sarg.), and lodgepole pine
(Pinus contorta Dougl.), with deciduous trees of birch (Betula occidentalis Hook.), Cottonwood
(Populus trichocarpa T. & G.), and alder (Alnus rubra Bong.), the chief underbrush being devil's-
club (Fatsia horrida B. & H.), elder (Sambucus glauca Nutt), and huckleberry (Vaccinium
parvifolium Smith). These gradually dropped out with the increasing altitude and were replaced
by yellow cedar (Chymacyparis nootkatensis (Lamb) Spach), which predominated at 4,000 feet,
with hemlock still abundant. The latter was soon usurped by the mountain hemlock (Tsuga
mertensiana Carr.), while mountain fir (Abies lasiocarpa (Hook) Nutt.) was noticeably on the
increase. Deciduous trees disappeared near the 3,000-foot level. At 4,000 to 5,000 feet the chief
undershrub was Vaccinium ma.crophyllum Hook, and Rhododendron albiflorum Hook., while the
dominant trees were mountain fir and mountain hemlock, with a sprinkling of stunted yellow
cedar and an occasional white pine (Pinus monticola Dougl.). At the extreme limit of timber
Juniperus communis montana Ait. occurred sparingly, forming dense mat-like growths.
From Daisy Lake to close on the 5,000-foot level the trail never leaves the dense forest until
about 4,000 feet elevation, when the latter becomes interspersed with open spaces, finally dispersing into park-like clumps at the site of the camp, vanishing altogether near 6,000 feet.
Approximately 200 specimens of plants were obtained, consisting of about 10O species; of
these, eleven are new to the Herbarium, While of the remainder, none hitherto existed from this
region in our collection. Where not otherwise indicated, the majority of species have been determined by Harold St. John.    Those marked with an asterisk are new to the Herbarium.
Polypodiacece (Fern Family).
Cryptogramma acrosticlioides R.Br. (Parsley Fern).
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Bernh. (Brittle Bladder Fern).
Plicgopteris dryopteris (L.) Fee. (Oak Fern).    Alouth of Aiimulus Creek.
Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth. (Holly Fern).    Black Tusk Ridge.
Woodsia oregona D. C. Eaton (Oregon AVoodsia).    Black Tusk Slopes and Ridge.
Ophiogltssacew [Adder's Tongue Family).
*Botrychium lanceolatum (Gmel.) Angstroem.    Black Tusk Slopes.
Botrychium simplex E. Hitch. (Little Grape Fern).    In grassy places by streams.
Pinaeew (Pine Family).
Juniperus communis var. montana Ait.    Frequent at 6,000 feet.
Graminew (Grass Family).
(Identified by A. S. Hitchcock.)
Aira atropurpurea Wahl.    Shores of Lake Garibaldi.
Agrostis idahcensis Nash. (Bent Grass).    Gentian Ridge.
*Poa lettermanni A'asey.    Near the summit of Jlount  Garibaldi.    Collected by Don  Alunday.
This is the only recorded British Columbia locality for this species, one other record having
been published.    See Report of Botanical Office, 1915, J. Davidson.)
Poa arctica R.Br.    Lake Garibaldi.
Poa alpina L.   Black Tusk Ridge.
Trisetum spicatum (L.) Richter.   Black Tusk Ridge.
Liliacew (Lily Family).
Tofleldia intermedia Rydb.  (False Asphodel).    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Orchidacew (Orchid Family).
*Habenaria saccata Greene.
Habenaria dilatata (Purch.) Gray (Tall AArhite Bog Orchis). REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 17
Salicacece (Willow Family).
(Identified by C. R. Ball.)
Salix anglorum Cham.  (Angled AAMlow).    Black Tusk Slopes, in open grassy places.
*Salix commutata denudata Beb'b.    Black Tusk Slopes.   Thickets along Parnassus Creek.
Salix nivalis Hook.  (Arctic Willow).    Panorama Ridge, Black Tusk Ridge.    Forming mat-like
growth at 6,000 feet.
Polygonacem (Buckwheat Family).
Polygonum viviparum L. (Knotweed).    Arery local, shore of Lake Garbaldi.
Oxyria digyna (L.) Hill (Mountain Sorrel).
Caryophyllacece (Pink Family).
*Arenaria sajanensis B. L. Robins.    In silt pocket.    Panorama Ridge;   Black Tusk Ridge.
"Stcllaria Iwta  (Richards) Rydb.    Panorama Ridge.
Stellaria borealis Bigel.    (Northern Stichwort).    Along the sheltered stream-banks, Black Tusk
Slopes, etc.
Silene Macounii S. Watson.    Panorama Ridge.    Only seen in this locality.
Sagina occidentalis S. Wats.    Black Tusk Ridge.
Silene acaulis L.
Ranunculacew (Crowfoot or Buttercup Family).
Caltha leptosepala DC. (Alpine Alarigold).    In fruit, Black Tusk Meadows.
Ranunculus Eschscholtzi Schlecht. (Alpine Buttercup).    Black Tusk Ridge.
Trollius albiflorus Rydb. (Globeflower).    In fruit, Black Tusk Aleadows.
Crueiferw (Mustard Family).
Arabis Lyallii Wats.
Arabis Drummondii Gray (Drummond's Rock Cress).
*Cardamine kamtschatica (Regel) Schulz,    On banks of streams;  Black Tusk Aleadows.
Draba stenoloba Ledeb.
Crassulacew (Orpine Family).
Sedum divergens AVats.  (Stonecrop).    Panorama Ridge, Lake Garibaldi.
Saxifragacew (Saxifrage Family).
Leptarrhena amplexifolia (Sternb.)  Ser.  (Pear Leaf).    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Mitella Breweri Wats.    Black Tusk Slopes.
Mitella pentandra Hook.    Black Tusk Alountain and Slope.    More common than the preceding.
Parnassus flmbriata Koenig. (Grass of Parnassus).
Ribes laxiflorum Pursh. (Alountain Currant).
Saxifraga Bongardi (Presl.) Pursh.    Black Tusk Slope in moist places.
Saxifraga austromontana AAreigand.  (Alountain Saxifrage).    In rock crevices at 6,000 feet and
Saxifraga Lyallii Engler. (Lyall's Saxifrage).    Aloist places on Black Tusk Slopes.
Saxifraga Mertensiana Bong.  (Spotted Saxifrage).    Black Tusk Slopes.
Saxifraga odontoloma Piper.  (Toothed Saxifrage).    Edge of stream, Black Tusk Aleadows and
Saxifraga rhomboidea L. (Alpine Saxifrage).    By rivulets on Black Tusk Slopes.
Saxifraga Tolmei T. & G.    On all the higher mounts above timber-limit.
Tierella unifoliata Hook. (Simple-leaved Mitrewort).
Rosacea; (Rose Family).
Lutlcea pectinata (Pursh.) Kuntz.  (Alpine Spirrea).    Forms carpets in open woodland.    Black
Tusk Aleadows, etc.
Potentilla dissecta Pursch. (Cinquefoil).
Potentilla flabellifolia Lehm.  (Fan-leaved Cinquefoil).
Potentilla villosa Pall. (Hairy Cinquefoil).
Rubus parviflorus Nutt. (Thimble'berry).   In wood, east shore of Lake Garibaldi.'
Leguminosce (Pea Family).
Lupinus subalpinus Piper  (Alpine Lupine).    Abundant in the Meadows.
Empetraeew (Crowbcrry Family).
Empetrum nigrum L.
Onagracew (Evening Primrose Family).
Epilobium alpinum L. (Alpine Willow-herb).
Epilobium latifolium L.
Epilobium luteum Pursh.  (Yellow Willow-herb).    Flowers later than the others.
Umbellifent (Parsley Family).
Heraclcum lanatum Miehx.  (Cow Parsnip).    An excellent attraction to insect-life.
*Osmorrhiza obtusa (C. & R.) Fernald.
Ericacew (Heath Family).
Cassiope Mertensiana (Bong.) D. Don.
Phyllodoee empetriformis Don.
Phyllodoce glanduliflorus  (Hook.)  Cov.
Kalmia polifolia Wang.  (American Laurel).    Black Tusk Mountain, Helmit Yalley.
Rhododendron albiflorum Hook.
Gaulthcria myrsinites Hook. (Mountain Tea'berry). Black Tusk Slopes. Forms low, compact
'beds often associated with Salix nivalis, of similar habit.
Pyrola secunda L.  (One-sided Wintergreen).    Shore of Lake Garibaldi, on edge of wood.
Vaccinium cwspitosum Michx. (Dwarf Bilberry).
Vaccinium membranaceum (Hook.) Piper. A plant occasionally found with the fungus Calypto-
spora columnaris (Alb. & Schw.) Kuhn., growing on and enclosing the stem completely, with
only the leaves showing.    The fungus was identified by F. L. Heald, per H. St. John.
Vaccinium ovalifolium Sm. (Oval-leaved Bilberry).
Gentianacew (Gentian Family).
*Gentiana glauca Pall. (Glaucous Gentian). Gentian Ridge, 7,S0O feet, growing on grassy edge
of dry snow-water pool.
Polemoniaeem (Phlox Family).
*Polemonium confertum Gray.    Polemonium Ridge.    In crevices of rocks.
Phlox Douglasii Hook.
Hydrophyllacece (Water-leaf Family).
Phacelia sericea Gray.
Scrophulariacew  (Figtoort Family).
Castilleja oreophila Greenman.    Chiefly the pale form, common in damp places.
Castilleja angustifolia var. Bradbury Fernald.
Castilleja miniata Dougl.
Mimulus alpinus (Gray) Piper (Alpine Alonkey Flower).
Mimulus Lcwisii Pursh.
Pentstcmon Menziesii Hook.
Pentstemon procerus Dougl.
Pediculavis bracteosa Benth.    Locally known as " Ground-hog Weed."
Pedicularis racemosa Dougl.    Black Tusk Slope.
Veronica alpina L.  (Alpine Speedwell).
Valerianaeew (Valerian Family).
Valeriana sitchensis Bong.    One of the most abundant blooms in the mountain meadows.
Gampanulacem (Bluebell Family).
Campanula rotundifolia L. (Harebell).   Parnassus Ridge. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 19
Compositee (Composite Family).
Anaphalis margaritacea Benth.
Achillea millefolium, L.  (Yarrow).
Agoseiris aurantiaca (Hook.) Greene.
*Agoseris cornea Rydb.
Arnica latifolia Bong.    Common in mountain meadows.
Arnica alpina L.    Black Tusk Slopes.
Artemisia norvegiea saxatilis (Besser) Hall & Clements.
Aster foliaoeus Lindl.
Erigeron acris var. debitis Gray.
Erigeron compositus Pursh.    Panorama and Gentian Ridges.
Erigeron compositus var. discoideus Gray.    Black Tusk Ridge.
Erigeron salsuginosus (Rich.) Gray.
Hieracium gracile Hook. (Alpine Hawkweed).
Petasites frigida (L.) Fries. (Alpine Coltsfoot).
Senecio triangularis Hook.    Abundant on the meadows.
Senecio Freemontii T. & G.    Among loose rock and scree.
Solidago algida Piper.    At high altitudes in pockets of silt in rock crevices.
Antennaria rosea Greene.
Antennaria Macounii Greene.
Senecio pauciflorus Pursh.    Panorama Ridge and shore of Lake Garibaldi.
Arery little is known concerning the insect fauna of the Garibaldi Park District, so that
special attention was paid to this section.
The number of specimens obtained in all orders was about 700. At present the Macro-
lepidoptera and Coleoptera are the only orders which have been worked up to any degree, and
are listed below under their separate headings, where due acknowledgment to the various authorities consulted is made.
Rhopalocera (Butterflies).
Owing to the inclement weather experienced, the collections in this order were not as large
as anticipated, nearly all the specimens being taken between August 1st and 10th, the latter part
of July 'being quite unproductive.
Some twenty-one species and varieties of diurnals were taken. From the condition of many
of the specimens it is evident that they had emerged sometime earlier and had consequently not
been improved 'by the .buffeting of the rain and wind.
For the identification of all material in this order our best thanks are due to Mr. E. H.
Blackmore, of Victoria, and through him to Dr. J. McDunnough, of Ottawa, who determined a
few of the more difficult species. The species submitted to the latter are preceded by an asterisk.
We are also indebted to Air. Blackmore for the annotations (in brackets) after each species.
The list is as follows:—
Papilio zelicaon Lee. One specimen only obtained, flying near the top of Panorama Ridge at
an altitude of 6,000 feet.
Parnassius smintheus Dbldy. & New. Several newly emerged individuals were taken on
Black Tusk Slopes and Panorama Ridge. (This species occurs on all the mountain-tops of
British Columbia from the Rocky Mountains to Lillooet and north to the Yukon Boundary.)
Pieris napi marginalia Scud.    Black Tusk Slopes.    (This is primarily a lowland form.)
Eurymus nastes streckeri Gr. Gr. One only, flying about Valeriana sitchensis on Panorama
Ridge. (This is a high-altitude form and is rather rare in collections. It has been taken previously on Mount McLean (8,000 feet) and on Pearson Mountain (7,000 feet), 25 miles west of
CEneis beani Elwes. One taken in numbed condition on Black Tusk Glacier; one or two
others seen on Panorama Ridge. Also recorded from Alount Luxor by C. Berkeley in " B.C.
Mountaineer."   This was taken by Mr. Hossie at about the same time.    (This species, although C 20 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
confined to high altitudes, is rather local. It has only been recorded previously from two other
localities, the top of Mount AlcLean and on Big Bar Mountain, in the Cariboo District.)
Erebia vidleri Elwes. Two specimens, on flowers of Valeriana sitchensis; one in a perfectly
fresh condition and probably newly emerged. Panorama Ridge. (This is a more or less common
species throughout Southern British Columbia at elevations of 4,000 feet and up.)
Argynnis hydaspc sakuntula Skin. One worn specimen, Black Tusk Aleadows. (This form
is only distinguished from rhodope Edw. hy the complete absence of silver spots on the underside ; rhodope, although practically unsilvered, always has the marginal lunules of the hind wings
Argynnis bischoffi opis Edw. and
Argynnis bischoffi washingtonia B. & McD. Both these forms occurred together, the latter,
however, being much more plentiful. Black Tusk Meadows and Panorama Ridge. (These two
forms occur on all the higher peaks of the Coast Range and are taken as far north as Atlin;
they were recorded in the 1906 B.C. check-list under the name of euryneme Edw. and var. olio
Edw.    Opis was described in 1874 from specimens taken at Alount Rainier, Wn.)
Brenthis charielea Schneid.    Several specimens taken on Black Tusk Meadows.
Brenthis bellona Fabr.    One specimen, Black Tusk Meadows.
Euphydryas anicia Dbldy. & Hew.    A'ery common on the floral slopes and valleys.
Polygonia faunus rusticus Edw.    One or two were observed.
Aglais milberti Godt.    Four or five freshly emerged specimens.
Vanessa cardui L.    Two somewhat worn, large females were taken on Black Tusk Ridge.
Heodes mariposa Beck.
Heodes helloides Bdv.    These were of frequent occurrence, the latter being quite common.
Heodes cupreus Edw. Very scarce and only occurring at high altitudes. Panorama Ridge
and Gentian Ridge (7,500 feet). (The first authentic record of this brilliant species was made
by Mr. A. Phair in August, 1917, who took several specimens in poor condition on Alount McLean.
Odd specimens have been recorded from Revelstoke and Kaslo.)
Plebeius melissa Edw.   Very abundant on the lower slopes.
Plebeius aquilo rustica Edw. Scarce; three specimens, summit of Gentian Ridge and Panorama Ridge. (This high-altitude species occurs on all the high peaks throughout the various
mountain ranges of the Province and has been recorded from a number of localities.)
Ochlodes sylvanoides Bdv. Two females in good condition were taken. (This is a lowland
species, hut the specimens taken are much larger and darker than those found at sea-level.)
The rich floral slopes and " draws " of Black Tusk and Panorama Ridge proved the best
general habitat of the foregoing, the flowers of Valeriana sitch ensis being particularly attractive.
Heterocera (Moths).
The Noctuidse were by far the most in evidence of the larger moths, although at no time
abundant. Nearly all listed below are very rare in collections, and one is new to the Province.
They were all taken by day, flying erratically in the hot sunshine, about the beds of Valeriana
before mentioned. Unless otherwise stated, they were obtained on the slopes of Panorama Ridge,
which appeared to be the hest locality in the neighbourhood of the camp.
In all, approximately 175 specimens of Heterocera were secured—75 Macros and 100 Micros.
Only the former have been worked up at present.
Phragmatobia fuliginosa borealis Straud. Two specimens of this uncommon species were
taken floating on water, Black Tusk Meadows. (This species is exceedingly scarce in the Province, although I have records from five different localities. Single specimens have been taken at
Alberni, Vancouver, and Vernon. Some few years ago they were fairly plentiful one season at
Fraser Mills, hut since then have become practically extinct.)
Orosagrotis incognita Sm. Short series. One specimen, also taken at " light" at Daisy
Lake Lodge (1,200 feet). (This is the most western record of this species. The only previous
record for British Columbia was at Mount McLean, where Alessrs. Day and Hanham took a nice
series in 1921.)
Scotogramma oregonica Wlk. One specimen. (Although having a wide distribution, this
is a very scarce species in collections, only one or two individuals having been taken in the various localities.    Other records are from Cowichan Lake, AM., Penticton, Lillooet, and Kaslo.)  PLATE I.
1. Lasionycta pcrplcxa Sm.
2. Autographa excelsana Strand.
3. Autographa excelsana f. alta Ottol.
4. Onconemis pudorata Sm.
5. Lasiestra phoca luteola Sm.
C. Anarta poca B. & B.
7. Anarta hrrta Sm.   REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 21
Anarta poca B. & Benj. (PI. I., Fig. 6.) Two specimens. (This is an exceedingly good
capture and extends its westerly distribution. The species was described by Barnes and Benjamin (Cont. Lep. No. Amer., Vol. AT., No. 2, Alarch, 1923) from specimens taken at Pocahontas,
Alberta. A pair of specimens taken on Mount Cheam and now in the Canadian National Afuseuin
and a single specimen taken by Mr. A. W Hanham on Alount McLean are apparently all that
represented this species hithertofore.)
Anarta Iwrta Sm.    (PL I., Fig. 7.)    One specimen on Gentian Ridge.
Lasiestra phoca luteola Sm. (PI. I., Fig. 5.) Several specimens. (The only previous
recorded capture of this form was made by Alessrs. Day and Hanham, who took a nice series
of this and the typical form phoca on Mount McLean (7,500 feet) in August, 1921.)
Lasiestra uniformis Sm. One specimen. (This is a very rare species in the Province, our
only other record being from Kaslo.)
Lasionycta perplexa Sm. (PI. I., Fig. 1.) Two specimens. (This is a new record for
British Columbia. It is very close to alberta B. & Benj. in superficial appearance, but the latter
is easily separated from perplexa by the more heavily serrate male antennae. Perplexa was
transferred from the genus Lasiestra by Barnes & Lindsey in 1921.)
Lasionycta rainieri Sm. One specimen. (This species is also rare in collections. Only
three other British Columbia records are known to' me—Taku River (Bryant), Alount AlcLean
(Phair), and Kaslo  (Cockle).)
Oncocnemis pudorata Sm. (PI. I., Fig. 4.) Two specimens. (One of the most interesting
captures. The only previous record is a specimen taken by Airs. Bicholl at Hope Mountains
some twenty years ago.)
Autographa excelsana Straud.    (PI. I., Fig. 2.)    One specimen.
Autographa excelsana alta Ottol. (PI. I., Fig. 3.) A short series of this high-altitude form.
It was far more in evidence than any other noctuid. (In 1902 Ottolengui described this as a
distinct species under the name excelsa, but owing to a rearrangement of genera in Barnes &
McDunnongh's Check-list of 1917, this name became a homonym, and in 1919 Ottolengui changed
it to alta. According to Dr. AlcDunnough, in 1916 Straud gave the name excelsana to the form
without the dot following the comma, and this name is therefore used for the species with the
name alta as form norm.    Specimens have also been taken at Alount AlcLean and Kaslo.)
Dysstroma citrata immanata Haw. One specimen in open fir forest at base of Panorama
Eulype hastata subhastata Nolc. Quite common. (This race is taken at elevations in many
localities in the Province, from Atlin to Kaslo, but so far has not been recorded from Arancouver
Eupithecia cretaceata Pack.    One worn specimen.
Hepialus roseicaput N. & D. Three male specimens. (In the Pan Pacific Entomologist for
October, 1925, Barnes and Benjamin, in revising the Hyperboreus group of Hepialus, resurrected
roseicaput from the synonymy in which it had been placed by Barnes & McDunnough in 1917.
The species was originally described in 1S93 from a single specimen taken in the mountains near
Lytton, B.C. It has been associated with mathewi Hy. Edw., but although similar in superficial
appearance it is quite distinct; roseicaput is a high-altitude species occurring at elevations from
5,000 to 8,000 feet, while mathewi occurs at sea-level and is apparently restricted to Arancouver
Island and the Lower Fraser Aralley. Other records of roseicaput are Mount McLean (Hanham),
Taku River (Bryant), and a single male specimen taken by Mr. Moilliet at A^avenby.)
Perlodes sp.    A large species found on glacier and on shore of Lake Garibaldi.
Dranella sp.
(Identified by Dr. E. M. Walker.)
Enallagma boreale Selys.    Daisy Lake.
fflschna eremita Scudder.    Daisy Lake.
Somatochlora semicircularis Selys.    Black Tusk Mountain.
Somatochlora ablicincta  (Burm.)    Black Tusk Mountain. C 22 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
The small collection of Coleoptera has proved to be of some interest, either on account of the
rarity or by increasing the known range of several of the species.
Two distinct faunal types exist here, the Hudsonian or northern element having wide
northern distribution extending across the continent, and also in some cases into Siberia and
Europe; and the Yaneouveran, characterized by species having their range along the coastal area
from California to Alaska; as an instance of the Hudsonian Cryptohypnus hyperboreus Gyll. has
an extensive almost circumpolar distribution and has not previously been recorded south of
Alaska. Of the Arancouveran, Betamon californicus Schaffer has not previously been recorded
north of California.
As a matter of interest in this connection, a brief indication of the distribution is inserted
in the majority of cases. It will be noticed that the family Elateridre furnishes the most noteworthy material.
We are under a deep sense of obligation to Dr. E. C. Aran Dyke, of Berkeley, Calif., for the
determination of the majority of species and all notes of value relative to type localities and
distribution; to Mr. R. Hopping, of Vernon, B.C., for identification and information on many
species, and to Mr. W. J. Ohaniberlin, of Corvallis, Ore., who has kindly named the Buprestids;
to each and all our hest thanks are extended.
New to Canada.
Two species have not hitherto been recorded from Canada:—
Nebria meanyi A7an Dyke.    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Betamon californicus Schaffer.   Black Tusk Aleadows.
New to British Columbia.
Cryptophyonus hyperboreus Gyll.    Black Tusk Meadows.
Ludius decoratus Afann.    Black Tusk Meadows.
Nebria meanyi Van Dyke.    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Betamon californicus Schaffer.    Black Tusk Aleadows.
The following is the complete list as identified to date:—
(Aquatic Coleoptera, identified by J. B. AVallis, Winnipeg.)
Agabus hypomelas Mann.    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Gyrinus picipes Aube.    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Carabus tccdatus Fab. One specimen under decaying wood, Black Tusk Meadows. Alaska,
and in its various forms to Hudson's Bay Territory and south to California.
Leistus ferruginosus Mann. Not uncommon; with the preceding, also under rotten logs.
Parnassus Creek, Helmit Aralley.    Alaska to Oregon.
Nebria sahlbergi Fisch. Common under stones along stream-bank, Parnassus Creek. Labrador, Alaska, Newfoundland, Oregon, and the variety, Europe and Siberia.
Nebria meanyi Van Dyke. New to Canada; this species has only recently been described
from Washington, Pan-Pac. Ent, Arol. 1, page 118. Not common ; in the same situations as the
foregoing.    Parnassus Creek.
Bembidion incertum Alots. Occasional under stones, as preceding. Black Tusk AleadowTs.
Alaska to Alichigan, British Columbia.
Trechus chalybeus Dej. Frequent, same as preceding. Alaska to British Columbia, New
Jersey, Indiana.
Pterostichus brunneus Dej.    Occasional under stones, as previous species.
Amara erratiea (Celia) Sturm. One specimen taken on glacier. Europe, Siberia, Alaska,
British Columbia.
Amara (Celia) subwnea Lee. Several, as preceding. British Columbia, Lake Superior, Newfoundland, Indiana, Colorado.
Harpalus somnulentus Dej. Under stones near bank of stream ; scarce. Alaska, British
Columbia, California. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 23
Tilea cavicollis Fauv.    On the glacier, Black Tusk Ridge.    British Columbia to California.
Silis difficilis Lee. One, on glacier, Black Tusk Ridge. Common in interior of British Columbia (Hopping).
Calopus angustus Lee. On the glacier, Black Tusk Ridge. This is a wood-borer, the larva?
mining in the heart-wood of dead coniferous trees. Widely distributed from east to west.
British Columbia to Newfoundland, New Mexico.
Athous ruflventris var. ferruginosus Esch.    California to Alaska.
Ludius volitans Esch.    One specimen on glacier.    "N. America"  (Leiig).
Ludius umbricola Esch.    Alaska to British Columbia and Northern California.
Ludius lutescens Fall. Occasionally found on the glacier before mentioned. Originally
described from near Banff, Alta., in 1910. This is not uncommon on the mountains near Lake
Louise and in the mountains of Eastern British Columbia  (Aran Dyke).
Ludius annularis Lee.    Three specimens on glacier.    British Columbia and Oregon.
Ludius wreipennis (Kby.)    Black Tusk Meadows.
Ludius iceidli Aligell. One or two specimens on the same glacier as above. Described from
the " Cascade Alountains, British Columbia, altitude 7,000 feet" in 1892. A very rare species,
known only from Paradise A^alley, Mount Rainier, AArash. (Aran Dyke), and the two localities
in British Columtbia mentioned here.
Ludius decoratus Mann. A single specimen was taken on the glacier on Black Tusk Ridge.
A rare boreal species described from Kodiak, Alaska. " Habitat in insula Kadjak rarissime;
D. Aolmberg," in 1S53. Recorded by Aran Dyke from Alaska and Yukon. It is chiefly an inhabitant of the north-westerly part of the continent, from Alaska along the coast to the higher
mountains of British Columbia.    No previous records from British Columbia are known to me.
Hemicrepidius oregonus  (Lee.)    Black Tusk Aleadows.
Cryptohypnus hyperboreus Gyll. One under stone hy stream, Black Tusk Slope. This is a
new record for British Columbia. It inhabits Arctic, Europe, and America, Alaska, Yukon, and
Hudson Bay Territory, and has never previously been taken so far south.
Cryptohypnus planatus Esch. Quite plentiful under stones on bank of Parnassus Creek,
exceeding in numbers all other species. Boots of the grasses and other plants ramified among
the stones near which they were found, upon which the larvte possibly feed.
Cryoptohypnus grandicollis Lee. Occasionally under stones on bank of Parnassus Creek.
Although originally described as from " Canada " in 1S66, no further data are available as to
the locality, though possibly British Columbia. Dr. Aran Dyke has records from California.
It would appear that the present record is the first recent one for Canada and British Columbia.
Cryptohypnus nocturnus var. bicolor Esch. Frequently found with the preceding. Not
uncommon in the interior of British Columbia (Hopping).    Alaska, Labrador, British Columbia.
Betamon californicus Schaffer. One specimen from the glacier. This is new to Canada.
Previously known from California   (Aran Dyke).
Drasterius debilis Lee. One from the glacier. Another rare species. Known from British
Columbia and " farther east," from whence it was originally described.
Elater nigrinus Payk. (A'an Dyke). On the glacier. Europe, Siberia, Alaska, Arancouver,
Buprestis fasciata var. langi Fab. Several taken, resting on leaves of willows at Daisy
Lake.    Widely distributed across continent in its two forms.
Melanophila drummondi Kby. Ahundant. Remains in hemlock-bark (Tsuga heterophylla).
Flying about newly felled Abies lasiocarpa. Northern North America, south to New Alexico,
east to Michigan.
Melanophila acuminata  (DeG.)    On glacier.   Atlantic to Pacific, Europe and Asia. C 24 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Chrysobothris trinervia Kby. In numbers about newly cut Abies lasiocarpa, where they
were very actively running or flying in the hot sunshine. They are remarkably agile and readily
elude  capture.    Northern   North  America   and  south   at   higher  elevations   to   Carolina   and
Ostoma ferruginea (L.) On glacier, Black Tusk Ridge; also found feeding on fungus
under bark.
Dendrophagus glabcr Lee. One was taken under the hark of a fallen mountain hemlock
(Tsuga mertensiana).   Widely distributed through the northern forests across Canada.
Hippodamia sp. Several on the glacier. Also reported as abounding on the summit of
Black Tusk, where they would probably hibernate.
Serropalpus barbatus (Schall.).    On the glacier, Black Tusk Ridge.    The larva is a wood-
borer.    Of wide northern distribution.    Circumpolar.
Aphodius aleutus Esch.    As above.    Siberia, Alaska, California.
Aphodius aleutus ursinus Mots. Common on the glacier and the meadows. AArashington,
Oregon, New Mexico.
Tetropium velutinum Lee. One taken on glacier, Black Tusk Ridge. British Columbia to
Rhagium lineatum Oliv. Two specimens, running over bark of newly felled Abies lasiocarpa,
Black Tusk Meadows.    Over the entire North American continent.
Strangalia obliterata Hald. One on glacier, Black Tusk Ridge. British Columbia to California.
Strangalia propinqua Lee. One on flower of Hieracleum- lanatum, Black Tusk Meadow.
British Columbia to California.
Xestoleptura crassipes Lee. Two on glacier, Black Tusk Ridge. British Columbia to California.
Xestoleptura tibialis Lee. Frequent. On flowers on H. lanatum and often drowned in
bucket water near the tents; one taken under bark of fallen hemlock. British Columbia to
Pachyta armata Lee. This fine Longhorn occurred in larger numbers than any of the others,
invariably on flowers of II. lanatum, occasionally could be taken flying, when it much resembled
a bumblebee, both in appearance and action. Black Tusk Meadows. Only to be seen on hot,
suuny days.    British Columbia to California.
Xylotrechus undulatus Say. One on stump of newly felled Abies lasiocarpa. This is very
protectingly coloured.    It is exceedingly active when alarmed.    Continental wide.
Atimia dorsalis Lee. No living examples were found, but many remains occurred in the
bark of Chamwcyparis nootkatensis. The larv® tunnel tortuous galleries in the substance of the
bark, or immediately beneath, in the sapwood, depending on the thickness of the former. The
pupal cell is the slightly enlarged termination of the gallery just beneath the outer surface, the
exit being finally completed by the adult, emerging through an elliptical hole. The gallery is
filled with tightly packed frass. The bark of some of the trees was quite riddled with their
work.    Dead or dying trees only were affected.    British Columbia to California.
Monochamus oregonensis Lee. Quite abundant about newly felled Abies lasiocarpa in hot
sunshine only. They were observed running over the bark or busily paired. The white tents
proved some attraction, while they occasionally alighted on one's person in the vicinity of the
cut wood.    British Columbia to California.
Oberea quadricallosa Lee.    One on willow-leaf, Daisy Lake.    British Columbia to California.
It will he noted that nearly all the Cerambycidre are essentially " Yancouveran" in distribution. Chrysomelidce.
Syneta earinata (Alann). Numerous dead specimens were picked up on the glacier of Black
Tusk Ridge.
Adoxus obscurus L. One or two on the glacier; others crawling on herbage, Black Tusk
Caligraphus californicus Linell.    On the glacier.
Phytodecta artica Alann. Several on the glacier and on leaves of willow (Salix commutata
denudata). The willows in some cases had numerous ova and young larva? on the leaves, no
pupa? could be found, and adults were very scarce; hence it is presumed that the latter were
hibernating individuals.    Evidences were that adults would be plentiful in late August.
(Identified at Ottawa, per R. Hopping.)
Tenthredo unicinctus Novt.    On glacier.
Urocerus flavieornis Fab. (Horn-tail).    Boring in stump of freshly felled Abies lasiocarpus.
Sirex jurencus var. cyaneus Fab.    Boring in freshly felled stump of Abies lasiocarpus.
Ephialtes pedalis Cress.    On glacier.
Colcocentrus occidentalis Cress.
Bufo boreas borcas B. & G. (Northern Toad). This was frequently met with about the
meadows and floral slopes; all of the specimens encountered were noticeably more brightly and
lightly coloured than those of Daisy Lake. Nearly every little lochan had its toad inhabitant,
while others were found on the stream-banks, near the old burrows of a chipmunk, into which
they retreated when disturbed.
Rana pretiosa pretiosa B. & G. (Spotted Frog). Taken only at Daisy Lake, where it is
Ambystoma sp. (Salamander). A badly damaged Salamander, which may be A. decorticata,
was taken in a mouse-trap on Black Tusk Meadow. Other specimens were reported by members
of the camp.
Buffle-head (Charitonetta, albeola L.). A half-grown bird was seen on Lake Garibaldi,
indicating that they breed in the district. A very close view was obtained and no doubt remains
as to its identity.
Least Sandpiper (Actodroma minutilla Vieill). A pair were observed on shore of Lake
Garibaldi, presumably of this form.
Killdeer Plover (JEgilitis vocifera Linn.).    One seen and heard near Mimulus Lake.
Sooty Grouse (Dendragapus obscurus fuliginosus Ridgway). Common; well-grown young
observed also.
Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus rupestris rupestris Gmelin). A hen with eight half-grown young,
near Alimulus Lake.
Alarsh Hawk (Circus hudsonius Linn.).    One female, on Black Tusk Meadows.
North-western Flicker (Colaptes cafer saturatior Ridgway).   On Black Tusk Aleadows.
Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus Gmelin). Repeatedly seen even above timber-
line at 6,000 feet.
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Nuttallornis borealis Swainson). Occasionally heard calling near
Horned Lark (Octocoris alpestris aretioola Ober.). Seen several times at high altitudes,
among the snow patches.
Canada Jay (Perisoreus c. canadensis L.).   Arery common and obtrusive around camp.
Clarke's Nutcracker (Nucifraga Columbiana Wilson). Occasionally seen and more often
Hepburn's Leucosticte (Leucostictc tephrocotis littoralis Baird). One or two seen among
the snow patches.
Oregon Junco  (Junco hyemalis oreganus J. K. Townsend).    Very common on the meadows.
Dipper (Cinclus mexicanus Swainson).    Seen on every stream; well-grown young able to fly.
AVinter Wren (Nannus hicmalis paciflcus Baird). A flock seen; one with much white in
Red-backed Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis Linn.).    Heard occasionally near camp in the woods.
Golden-crowned Kinglet (Regulus s. satrapa Lich.).
Araried Thrush (Idoreus wvvius Gmelin).    Several pairs seen on Black Tusk Aleadows.
Alountain Bluebird  (Sialis currucoides Bechstein).    A small flock seen on one occasion.
Little opportunity was available for the collection of mammals; a few traps, however, were
set in the vicinity of the camp, resulting in the following species.
With the exception of the Alarmot, they have been examined and determined by Mr. W. C.
Henderson, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, AVashington, D.C, to whom we have very much pleasure
in conveying our best thanks.
Arrangement followed is that of G. S. Aliller, Bull. 128, U.S. Nat. Alus., 1923.
Sorex vagrans vagrans Baird (Shrew).    Bank of Parnassus Creek;   one specimen.
Marmota caligata cascadensis Howell (Hoary Marmot). Black Tusk Aleadows, near Lake
Garibaldi. A young specimen, probably of this subspecies. This species is to be found on all
the higher slopes. It may often be seen lying motionless on a projecting rock. Their loud penetrating whistle is a characteristic feature of the mountains.
Eutamias ammnus ludibundus (Hollister) (Chipmunk). Black Tusk Aleadows; four specimens. This little Chipmunk was abundant everywhere, whether in the sheltered valleys or high
up among the screes, wherever a patch of grass could provide food.
Peromyscus maniculatus oreas (Bangs) (White-footed Mouse). Bank of Parnassus Creek;
two specimens.
Evotomys gapperi saturatus Rhoads (Arole). Bank of Parnassus Creek; three specimens.
One of these was fond of running over the sleepers in the tent. Two are young specimens and
lack the rufous tinge of the mature animal.
Zapus trinotatus trinotatus Rhoads (Jumping Alouse). Black Tusk Aleadows; one specimen.    This had its burrow on flat ground among long grass, away from any bank or root.
In checking up the distribution of the foregoing, it is noted that several in their subspecific
forms reach their northern limit in Southern British Columbia, being otherwise found along
the coast to California;   such are Z. trinotatus, P. oreas, and Sorex. v. vagrans.
Species seen or reported but not taken include the following:—
Black Bear (Euarctos a. americanus Pallas). Several times they were seen on the trail
between camp and Daisy Lake.
The Puma and Wolves are also reported to occasionally occur in the district.
Little Chief Hare, Pika (Ochotona f. fenisex Osgood). Occasionally seen and more often
heard among the larger rocks at the foot of the screes. One was observed to be contentedly
munching the lichen on the rocks.
Coast Deer (Odocoileus c. columbianus Rich.). One individual was reported at various
times in the vicinity of the meadow; the majority of the Deer descend to lower levels in the
summer, frequently the " salt-licks."
Mountain-goat (Oreamus a. americanus (Blainville)). Reported from Corrie Ridge and
also in a previous year in the Helmit Aralley, north of Panorama Ridge.
The aquaria have been maintained throughout the season, but until it is possible to have
running sea-water installed no specially attractive exhibit can be continued with the time at
present available for such. A matter of this nature requires much detailed attention to obtain
pleasing results.
The small aquaria in use at present have given no trouble in regard to maintaining the
" balance " of plant and animal life. The Vaucheria 'used is part of an original piece sent from
Essex, England, two years ago by Mr. F. J. Lambert.    This has thriven exceedingly and is  PL ATM   II.
I'lacctron tvosncsscnskii Schalfeew.
Breadth of carapace, 7 cm.
Length of carapace. 5 cm. 6 mm.   REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 27
superior to anything previously used; the chief advantage is its rapidity of growth, with a
consequent plentiful output of oxygen, thus purifying the water and rendering constant
changing—the bane of small stagnant marine aquaria—entirely unnecessary.
No new or striking species of fish have been installed, as it is found that the various
"fcween" tide varieties succeed with the minimum of attention. The clingfish (Caularchus
meandricus) mentioned in the Aluseum Report for 1925 lived until August of the past season,
being close on fourteen months in captivity. Various anemones, starfish, etc., have from time
to time been on exhibit.
Alarine accessions are due entirely to the interest and generosity of the public, no systematic
field-work having been undertaken by the Museum, although the desirability of such cannot be
overestimated, as it lacks anything like a representative marine fauna of the vicinity.
The marine shell-bearing mollusca contained in the Aluseum and the collection of Mr. W. A.
Newcombe have now been completely revised by the kindness of Dr. Bartsch, of AVashington,
D.C, and the concluding portion, the Univalves, are listed on page 28. Air. Newcombe has
greatly enriched the collection by gifts of many species hitherto unrepresented.
Air. F. J. Lambert, of Leigh-on-Sea, Essex, England, has manifested his interest by sending
lurther living hydra-tuba stages of various Jelly-fish, Aurellia, Chrysccra, Cyanea, etc., including
an excellent account of his observations on the development of certain of these species, and is
of special merit. A copy is preserved in the Museum library for the perusal of any one interested.    A detailed list of accessions in this section followrs:—
Further living and preserved specimens of the young stages of certain Jelly-fish from Leigh-
on-Sea, Essex, from Air. F. J. Lambert.
Serpula Tubes.    Thurston Harbour, Q.C.I.   (C. P. Johnston).
Pennella balwnoptera Koven & Danieleson. A large parasitic copepod taken from the
Finback Whale (Balwnoptera velifera Cope). Cachalot, B.C. (I. E. Cornwall). This is 8 inches
to 1 foot long. Mr. Cornwall informs me that it was so numerous on some parts of the whale,
particularly under the lower lip, as to simulate a coat of coarse hair.
Coronula regina Darwin (Whale Barnacle). From lower lip and front of flippers of Sei
Whale  (Balwnoptera borealis Lesson).    Cachalot, B.C.   (I. E. Cornwall).
Balanus tintinnabuluni californicus Pilsbry. (Barnacle). From S.S. "Gertrude" at AVilliam
Head, V.I. (I. E. Cornwall).
Lepas hilli (Leach) (Hill's Goose Barnacle). From S.S. "Gertrude," William Head, V.L
(I. E. Cornwall).
Placetron wosnessenskii Schalfeew. (Scaly Crab). (Plate II.). Presented by Rev. R.
Connell. This interesting crab was collected by Air. Sowerby in the inner harbour of Victoria.
It constitutes the most southerly record, the nearest previous one being from Graham Island
(Aliss Alary Rathbun). The normal habitat is in northern waters. This is the first specimen
of its kind to be represented in the Aluseum.    A photographic reproduction faces pages 27.
Upogebia pugettensis Dana  (Burrowing Crab).    Saanich Spit, V.I.  (S. Jones).
Prawns.    Esquimalt Dry-dock (G. A. Hardy).
Cryptochilon stelleri (Giant Armadilla Shell).    Victoria  (E. N. Renouf).
Lamellidoris bilamellata (Sea-slug). Some extra fine specimens taken from the dry-dock
at Esquimalt, where they were busily spawning.    February 22nd  (G. A. Hardy).
Several fine specimens of local clams  (G. J. French).
Two species of marine shells (H. Toms).
A selected collection of shells from Port Renfrew and Sooke, AM., presented by the Star
Construction Company. There are several very acceptable species among them; in all, twenty-
six species are represented, including many interesting colour variations.
Nudibranch  (Sea-slug).    William Head, AM.  (I. E. Cornwall). C 28
Cucumaria japonica Semper.    (Sea-cucumber).    Victoria  (R. Thomas).
(Arranged according to Dall's List, 1921.)
This is a continuation of the List of Marine Alollusca, commenced in the Report for 1925,
page 18, and completes to date the material concerning the marine shell-bearing mollusca in these
For the determination and revision we are again under deep obligation to Dr. Paul Bartsch,
of Washington, D.C, for his kindness in checking over most of the material, and also to Mrs.
Oldroyd, of Seattle, Wash., who had named many of the smaller species for the late Dr. C. F.
Newcombe. We have much pleasure in recording our thanks and appreciation for the invaluable
services thus rendered.
As in the previous list, specimens in the Newcombe collection not represented in the Aluseum
are preceded by an asterisk; this is done partly to direct attention to the whereabouts of the
particular species, and partly to point out to friends those species which it is desired to obtain
to complete the collection in the Aluseum.
Mr. W. A. Newcombe has generously donated additional species from his collection, while
the Star Construction Company at Port Renfrew, AM., has also kindly presented a small but
very acceptable collection of Univalves recently collected on the west coast.
Family Dentaliid.^:.
Dentalium rectius Cpr.
Dcntalium pretiosum Sowerhy.
Cadulus hepourni Dall.
*Clio occidentalis Dall.
Rictaxis punctocoelata Cpr.
Acteocina culcitella Gould.
Acteocina eximia Baird.
*Diaphana debilis Gould.
Bullinella alba Brown.
Haminosa vesicula Gould.
*Aglaja adellw Dall.
Liriola thersites Cpr.
Moniliopsis incisa Cpr.
Moniliopsis rhines Dall.
Antiplanes perversa Gabb.
Lora exarata Aloller.
*Lora tabulata Cpr.
Lora fldicula Gould.
Cadulus tolmei Dall.
Cadulus aberrans Whiteaves.
Family Cavoliniid.*:.
Family Acteonid.e.
Family Acteocinid/e.
Retusa harpa Dall.
*Volvulella cylindrica Cpr.
Family Scaphandeid.e.
^Bullinella attonsa Cpr.
Family Akeeid^e.
Family Aglajhle.
Family Siphonahiid,e.
Family Turritid.e.
*Lora turricula Alontagu.
*Lora violacea Mighels & Adams.
Mangilia sculpturata Dall.
Many ilia erebricostata Cpr.
Mangilia levidensis Cpr.
*Cytharclla victoriana Dall. REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926.
C 29
*Sveltia modesta Cpr.
Sveltia unalashkensis Dall.
Olivella biplicata Sowerby.
Merovia pyriformis Cpr.
Exilia rectirostris Cpr.
"Aulacofusus roseus Dall.
Chrysodomus tabulatus Baird.
Buccinum plectrum Stimpson.
Schizopyga fossata Gould.
"Alia tuberosa Cpr.
Alia gausapata Gould.
"Alia carinata Hinds.
Purpura foliata Martyn.
Tritonalia lurida Aliddendorff.
Tritonalia interfossa Cpr.
Neptunea dalli Kobelt.
Neptunea multicostata Eschscholtz.
Neptunea orpheus Gould.
Opalia wroblewskii Morch.
Acirsa borealis (Beck) Lyell.
*Melanella columbiana Bartsch.
Melanella comoxensis Bartsch.
Melanella macra Bartsch.
Family Cancellahidle.
"Sveltia circumcincta Dall.
*Admete conthouyi Jay.
Family Olivid.e.
Olivella bcetica Cpr.
Family Margineixid.e.
Family Chrysodomid2E.
Chrysodomus smirnius Dall.
Chrysodomus liratus Martyn.
Searlesia dira Reeve.
Family Buccinid.e.
Buccinum bwri morchianum Fischer.
Family Alectrionid^s.
Schizopyga mendica Gould.
Family Columbellid.e.
"Alia carinata californiana Gaskoin.
Astyris permodesta Dall.
Amphissa columbiana Dall.
Family Murichle.
Neptunea stuarti E. A. Smith.
Neptunea tenuisculpta Cpr.
Nucella lamellosa Gmelin.
Nucella canaliculata Duclos.
Nucella emarginata Deshayes.
Family Epitoniid.e.
Nitidoscala indianorum Cpr.
Family A1elanellid.e.
Melanella micans Cpr.
*Melanella rutila Cpr.
"Melanella oldroydi Bartsch.
Family Pyramidellid.e.
Chcmnitzia engbergi Bartsch.
Strioturbonilla vancouverensis Baird.
Strioturbonilla stylina Cpr.
* Strioturbonilla bairkleyensis Bartsch.
Pyrgolampros vietoriana Dall & Bartsch.
*Pyrgolampros newcombei Dall & Bartsch.
Pyroglampros taylori Dall & Bartsch.
"Pyrgolampros aurantia Cpr.
*Mormula lordi E. A. Smith.
*Mormula eschscholtzi Dall & Bartsch.
*Chrysallida montereyensis Dall & Bartsch.
Chrysallida oregonensis Dall & Bartsch.
*Menestho pharcida Dall & Bartsch.
*Evalea quadra; Dall & Bartsch.
*Evalea skidegatensis Bartsch.
Evalea willetti Bartsch.
*Evalea inflata Dall & Bartsch.
Evalea columbiana Dall & Bartsch.
Evalea angularis Dall & Bartsch.
"Evalea stephensw Dall & Bartsch.
"■'Evalea deliciosa Dall & Bartsch.
"Amaura kennerlyi Dall & Bartsch.
"Amaura engbergi Bartsch.
"Amaw.ra talpa Dall & Bartsch.
"Amaura canfleldi Dall.
Fusitriton oregonensis Redfield.
Family Cymatiid.e. C 30
Family Cerithiopsid.e.
"Ccrithiopsis fraseri Bartsch.
"Cerithiopsis signa Bartsch.
"Cerithiopsis onealensis Bartsch.
"Cerithiopsis willetti Bartsch.
"Cerithiopsis stejnegeri Dall.
Cerithiopsis columna Cpr.
"Cerithiopsis stejnegeri dina Bartsch.                   "Cerithiopsis stephensw Bartsch.
Family Cerithiid.e.
Stylidium eschrichtii Aliddendorff.
"Semibittium- quadrifllatum Cpr.
Family Trichotropid.e.
Trichotropis borealis Sowerby.
Trichotropis cancellata Hinds.
Micranellum oregonense Bartsch.
Family C^cid.e.
Bivonia compacta Cpr.
Family A'ermetid.e.
Family Turritellid.e.
Taehyrhynchus reticulatus Alighels
"Taehyrhynchus lacteolus Cpr.
Family Littorinid.e.
Littorina sitkana Philippi.
Melarhaphe scutulata Gould.
Family Lacunid.e.
Lacuna divaricata Fabricius.
"Lacuna unifasciata Cpr.
"Lacuna solidula Loven.
Lacuna carinata Gould.
Lacuna variegata Cpr.
Lacuna vincta Mont.
"Iselica fenestrata Cpr.
Family Fossarhle.
Family Litiopid.e.
Diala marmorea Cpr.
Barleeia haliotiphila Cpr.
"Diala acuta Cpr.
"Barleeia subtenuis Cpr.
Family Rissoid.e.
*Alvania burrardensis Bartsch.
"Alvania montereyensis Bartsch
*Alvania sanjuanensis Bartsch.
Alvania compacta Cpr.
Rissoina neivcombei Dall.
Family Rissoinid.e.
Syneera translucens Cpr.
Family Synceratiile.
Family Hipponicid.e.
Hipponix antiquatus cranioides Cpi
Family Crepidulid.e.
Crepidula adunca Sowerby.
Crepipatella lingulata Gould.
"Crepidula dorsata Brod. var. bilob
ata Reeve.    Ianacus nummwrius Gould.
Oalyptraa fastigiata Gould.
Family Calyptr^eid.e.
Family Naticid.^e.
Crytonatica clause Broderip and Sowerby.         "Euspira gronlandica (Beck) Aloller.
"Cryptonatica aleutica Dall.
Euspira lewisii Gould.
*Lamellaria stearnsii Dall.
Family Lamellariid.e. REPORT
OF PROVINCIAL AIUSEUM, 1926.                                       C
Family Atelutinid.e.
Velutina prolongata Cpr.
Velutina Iwvigata  (Linnaeus) Aluller.
Oryptoctenidia ca'coides Cpr.
Family Lepetid.e.
Acmwa mitra Eschscholtz.
Acmwa scutum pintadina Gould.
Acmwa mitra funiculata Cpr.
Acmwa scutum cribraria Cpr.
Acmaca cassis pelta Eschscholtz.
Acmwa scutum parallela Dall.
Acmwa scutum Eschscholtz.
Acmwa digitalis Eschscholtz.
Acmwa scutum patina Eschscholtz
Acmwa instabilis Gould.
Family Phasianellid^e.
Tricolia pulloidea Cpr.
"Eulithidium luridum Dall.
Family Turbinid.e.
Pachypoma inwquale Martyn.
Leptothyra bacula Cpr.
Leptothyra carpenteri Pilsbry.
"Leptothyra paucicostata Dall.
"Molleria quadra; Dall.
Family Liotiid^e.
Family Trochid.e.
Halistylus subpupoidcus Tryon.
Cidarina cidaris A. Adams.
Chlorostoma funebrale A. Adams.
Maehwroplax varicosus Alighels and Adams.
Promartynia pulligo Martyn.
Pupillaria pupilla Gould.
Calliostoma costatum Martyn.
Lirularia lirulata Cpr.
Calliostoma annulatum Martyn.
Margaritas helicinus Phipps.
Calliostoma canaliculatum Martyn.
"Margarites albolineatus E. A. Smith.
Calliostoma variegatum Cpr.
"Margaritas la'vior Jeffr.
Haliotis kamtschatkana Jonas.
Family Haliotid.e.
Family Fissurellim:.
"Megatebennus bimaculatus Dall.
Puncturella cucullata Gould.
Diadora aspera Eschscholtz.
"Puncturella multlstriata Dall.
Puncturella galeata Gould.
"Puncturella coopcri Cpr.
Family Lepidopi.eurid.e.
Lepidopleurus cancellatus Sowerby
"Lepidopleurus rugatus Cpr.
Family LEPiDOciiiTONiDiE.
Lepidochitona submarmorea Middendorff.            Lepidochitona raymondi Pilsbry.
Lepidochitona lineata Wood.
"Nuttallina californica Reeve.
Lepidochitona flectens Cpr.
Family Ischnociiitonid.e.
Ischnochiton retiporosus Cpr.
lschnochiton mertensii Middendorff.
Ischnochiton interstinctus Gould.
"Ischnochiton trifldus Cpr.
lschnochiton interstinctus var. rad
ians Cpr.
Family AIopaliid^e.
Mopalia ciliata Sowerby.
"Mopalia muscosa kennerlyi Cpr.
Mopalia ciliata tvosnessenskii Aliddendorff.          "Mopalia muscosa swanii Cpr.
Mopalia muscosa Gould.
Mopalia imporcata Cpr.
"Mopalia muscosa hindsii Reeve.
Mopalia sinuata Cpr.
Mopalia muscosa lignosa Gould.
Placiphorella velata Cpr. C 32 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Katharina tunicata Wood.
Family Acanthocihtoniime.
Cryptochiton stelleri Aliddendorff.
(Preliminary' Annotated List.)
By G. A. Hardy.
The present article may be considered to be an extension of that in the previous report,
dealing with the Coleoptera of this region, where the family Cerambycidie was dealt with.
The territory worked over coincides with that therein outlined. Preference has been given
to captures appertaining to the last three years, but no records that could be satisfactorily verified
are omitted.
The Buprestida? is a very large family, having its metropolis in the tropics, where they are
noted for the brilliance and variety of colour of many species, and have a very metallic appearance, a character further enhanced by the strength and compactness of structure.
The early stages of their life are spent within the wood or bark of various trees and shrubs,
occasionally being sufficiently abundant to be of serious economic importance.
The larva? or " Flat-headed Borers" are of characteristic shape, the first two or three
segments being so greatly enlarged as to give a club-like appearance to the whole. Their existence is usually spent within or under the bark or in the heart-wood, occasionally (Chrysophana)
in the cones of Pinus.    The pupal stage is passed within the end of the larval gallery.
The adults are essentially lovers of the hot sunshine, and may be found sunning themselves
on the trunks of standing or newly felled trees; the incense emanating from the latter is
especially attractive to them. Other species frequent flowers (Anthaxia), some rest on leaves
or twigs (Agrilus). Some are quite sluggish (Chalcophora and Buprestis), while others, on the
contrary, are exceedingly nimble (Chrysobothris), taking to the wing as readily as the bluebottle fly.
Nomenclature followed is Leng's " Catalogue of Coleoptera of North America," 1920.
Reference is made in the list to the recently published work on the Buprestida? of North
America by W. J. Chamberlin, an indispensable book to any one engaged in the study of this
Popular names are added in recognition of the general demand for such.
Acknowledgments.—AVe have much pleasure in offering our cordial thanks to Dr. E. C.
Van Dyke, of Berkeley, Calif., for his kindness and courtesy in identifying most of the difficult
species, together with detailed notes on distribution, etc.; and also to Mr. W. J. Chamberlin, of
Corvallis, Ore., Messrs. R. and G. R. Hopping, of Vernon, B.C., and W. S. Fisher, of Washington,
D.C, for much valuable assistance in many ways. To the following gentlemen we tender our
thanks for the opportunity of examining their collections and help in many other ways: Messrs.
E. H. Blackmore, W. Downes, H. P. Eldridge, A. W. Hanham, A. Nichols, and W. H. A. Preece.
Bupeestid.e  (the AIetallic Wood-Boeing Beetles).
Chrysophana Lee.
C. placida (Lee.)   (Emerald Alidget).
A small elegant species, green with bronze sutural and marginal vitta? on elytra; occurs
about new Douglas fir lumber and logs (Downes). May to July. Not common, breeds in Douglas
fir, etc. Is recorded as feeding in cones of Pinus attcnuata (Burke). Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;
Shawnigan (W. D.) ; Duncan (A. W. H.).    Pacific Coast.
Chalcophora Sol.
C. angulicollis (Lee.)   (Oregon Buprestid).    (PI. III., Fig. 5.)
The largest North American Buprestid, dark-brownish bronze. Found flying or usually
sunning themselves on fallen logs, and rather sluggish. May and June. One record for September. Frequent. Breeds in Pinus, Pseudotsuga, and Abies. ATictoria (E. H. B.) ; Sidney
(W. H. A. P.) ; Goldstream (E. H. B.) ; Metchosin (J. Thompson) ; Saltspring Island (P. deN.
Walker) ; Duncan (A. W. H.) ; Todd Inlet (A. N.) ; Esquimalt (A. N.). Widely distributed
on continent.  PLATE  III.
Family BUPRESTID.E  (AIetalltc Wood-doring  Beetles).
(Slightly enlarged.)
.1. Trachykcle blondeli -Mars.
2. I'a'cilonota frascri Chamberlin.
3. Buprestis maculativentris var. rusticorum (Kby.).
4. Melanophila fulvogiittu var. drummoiidi  (Kby.).
5. Chalcophora angulicollis  (Lee).
0. Anlhaxia wneogaster Cast.
7. Buprestis aurulentu L.
8. Agrilus politus Say.
9. Buprestis fasciala Fab. var. langf (Alann).   Trachykele Alars.
T. opulenta Fall.  (Pearly Beauty).
Recorded for Vancouver Island by W. J. Chamberlin  (Blip. N.A., page 243).
T. blondeli Mars. (Powder Post Beetle).    (PI. III., Fig. 1.)
A magnificent brilliant green, with shagreen sculpture, % inch long. Usually in the tops
of living Thuja plicata (Hopping). Rare in collections. May and June. Breeds iii Thuja
plicata; in some localities of serious economic importance, as the larva? weaken sound timber
by their extensive burrows (Hopping). Coldstream (A. W. H.) ; Shawnigan (on fallen cedar
log, G. A. H.).    West Coast of North America.
Dicerca Esch,
D. sexualis Cr.   (Grey Fork-wing).
About same size as T. blondeli; obscure, dark greyish; the tips of elytra bluntly produced.
May and June. Pupie taken under bark of Abies grandis (white fir) in August (W. II. A. P.).
Not commonly met with. Sidney (AAr. II. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. W. II.) ; Nanaimo (G. AY. T.).
British Columbia to California.
Pwcilonota Esch.
P. fraseri Chamberlin. (Fraser Fork-wing).   (PI. III., Fig. 2.)   First record for Arancouver Island.
Somewhat similar in shape to a very small D. sexualis;   dull bronze.    June, July, scarce.
Gordon  Head near Victoria   (on  leaves of Saliic Scoulcri,  G.  A.  H.) ;    British  Columbia  to
California.    Originally described from " Fraser River," B.C.
Buprestis L. ■
B. aurulenta L. (June-bug).    (PI. III., Fig. 7.)
About % inch long; brilliant green with copper margin and sutural line to elytra. Usually
found on newly felled timber (Douglas fir), April to August. Common. Breeds in Douglas
fir (G. A. H.) and white fir (A. grandis) (W. H. A. P.). Imagines taken from Douglas fir stump'
in January. The larva bores in the heart-wood. The last 2 inches of burrow were free from
frass and evidently used by the adult long before emergence. The adult gnaws its way out
through tbe outer bark (G. A. H.). Alctoria; Coldstream; Shawnigan; Tod Inlet; Sidney;
Duncan. British Columbia to California.
B. adjecta (Lee.)   (Lesser June-bug).
Arery similar to the preceding, but smaller and with finer striations on elytra. June to
August, rare.    Breeds in Pinus eontorta   (Hopping) ;   Douglas fir   (Chamberlin).    Shawnigan
(R. V. H.) ;   Tod Inlet (on new Douglas fir lumber, A. N.) ;   Siduey  (in flight, W. H. A. P.) ;
Duncan   (A. AV. H.) ;   Nanaimo   (G. AY. T.).    British Columbia to  California.
B. maculativentris var. rusticorumi  (Kby.) '(Rustic Buprestid).    (PI. III., Fig. 3.)
Length averages % inch; black with seneus reflections. On felled Douglas fir and balsam
trunk, June to September. Alost records for July and August. Common. Breeds in Douglas
fir and balsam. Victoria (E. H. B.) ; Esquimalt (G. A. II.) ; Goldstream (G. A. H.) ; Tod
Inlet (A. N.) ; Sidney (AV. H. A. P.) ; Duncan (A. AV H) Alberta and British Columbia to
B. fasciata Fab. var. langi (Alann)  (Lang's Buprestid).    (PI. III.. Fig. 9.)
Similar to B. aurulenta, but finer elytra! striations and absence of coppery margin and more
depressed form. The male has usually six well-marked whitish spots on elytra, nearly always
absent in the female. June to August. Occasional. Breeds in poplar, maple, willow, and
probably Douglas  fir and true  firs   (Chamberlin).    Goldstream   (R.  N.  H.) ;    Prospect  Lake
(W. H. A. P.) ;   Tod Inlet (A. N.) ;   Sidney (on new lumber, W. H. A. P.) ;   Duncan  (in flight,
A. W. H.) ;  Nanaimo  (G. W. T.).    Atlantic to Pacific in.north, Alaska to California.
Melanophila Esch. ..,-     .  ,.
M. fulvogutta var. drummondi (Kby.)   (Druminond's Buprestid).    (PI. III., Fig. 4.)
A small species, about % inch long; dark bronze-brown, usually with yellow spots on elytra.
Actively running or flying about newly felled lumber. April to July, very abundant everywhere.
Breeds in Douglas fir and balsam (G. A. H. and W. H. A: P.) and is recorded from a great
variety of other trees.   Quebec to Alaska and south to California.
M. acuminata (DeG.)   (Pointed Buprestid).
Similar to preceding, but more elongate, never spotted, and apical apices of elytra ending
in a point. Rare in local collections. August to September. Nanaimo (G. W. T.). A northern
species extending across continent in north and south along the mountains, also Europe and
Asia.    Breeds in coniferous trees.
Anthaxia Esch.
A. aneogaster Cast. (Aletallic-Fronted Buprestid).    (PI. III., Fig. 0.)
The smallest of our Buprestida?; dark brown or black, with indistinct metallic reflections.
Found on flowers, particularly yellow ones, such as dandelion and hawkweed. May to July.
Not uncommon. Breeds in Douglas fir, Garry oak, and many other trees (see Chamberlin).
Alount Douglas (G. A. H.) ; Goldstream (on newly cut Douglas fir, G. A. H.; Shawnigan
(W. D.) ;  Tod Inlet (A. N.) ;   Sidney  (W. H. A. P.) ;   Duncan  (A. AY. H.).    Transcontinental.
Chrysobothris Esch.
All species of this genus are very much alike and difficult to separate. They are similar in
size to M. drummondi and are grey iu colour., with bright-green uuder-surface in most cases.
All are very active and readily take to flight.
C. pseudotsugw Aran D.  (Douglas Fir Buprestid).    First record for British Columbia and
Canada.    Occurs about freshly felled timber.    June and July.    Frequent.    Breeds in Douglas fir,
and firs.    Lost Lake (taken from pupal cell in Douglas fir, G. A. H.) ;   Sidney (W. H. A. P.).
British Columbia, Oregon, and California.
C. carinipennis Lee.   (Keeled Buprestid).
Taken about logs of newly cut Douglas fir.    July, not common.    Sidney  (W. H. A. P. and
G. A. H.).    Recorded as breeding in Douglas fir and a variety of pines by Chamberliii;   on
V.I. Douglas fir most probably.    British Columbia to California.
0. caurina Horn. (North-western Buprestid).
On newly cut Douglas fir. July, August, very scarce. Tod Inlet (A. N.) ; Highland District (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (AV. H. A. P.). British Columbia to California, and adjoining States.
C. nixa Horn.  (Cedar Buprestid).    First record for British Columbia and Canada.
Very similar to M. drummondi, of unspotted phase.    Specimens taken from pupal cell in
Thuja plicata, Highland District   (\G. A. H.) ;   Tod Inlet, on trunk of T. plicata. June 26th
Thuja plicata,  Highland District,  in August   (G.  A.  H.) ;   Tod  Inlet,  on  trunk of  T.  plicata,
(W. H. A. P.).    Breeds in the cupressine trees (Van Dyke).
C. sylvania Fall.  (Woodland Buprestid).    First record for British Columbia and Canada.
One of our largest species of this genus. Taken on newly cut Douglas fir. June to August.
Rare. Highland District (G. A. H.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.). Breeds in Douglas fir. A Coast
species following the Douglas flr from Sonoma County, California, to British Columbia (Aran
C. femorata Oliv.  (Flat-headed Borer).    First record for Arancouver Island.
Similar superficially to C. sylvanAa, hut smoother and more coppery in colour. On newly
felled Douglas fir. June. Sidney (AV. H. A. P., G. A. H.) ; Tod Inlet (A. N.). Widely distributed through the United States and Canada.
Agrilus Steph.
A. potitus Say. (Burnished Twig-borer).    (PI. III., Fig. 8.)
A small elongate beetle, bronze or dark steel-blue; found usually on the leaves of Salix
Scouleri and rarely on flowers of Rosa nutkana. May to July. Local. Breeds in willow-stems.
Gordon Head (G. A. H.) ; Shawnigan (E. H. B.) ; Tod Inlet (A. N.) ; Sidney (W. H. A. P.) ;
Nanaimo (G. W. T.). Of wide occurrence throughout Canada and the United States. The
typical colour of this species elsewhere is more inclined to bronze; the Vancouver Island
specimens have the dark-blue form prevailing (W S. Fisher).
By G. A. Haedy.
This is supplementary to the list in the Mus. Rep., 1925, page 24.    A's might be expected,
with increasing interest in a little-worked district, much new information has accrued during REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 35
the past year, and several additional species and varieties have resulted, one or two of which
are new to science. In all, twenty new names appear here, including corrections and additions;
of these, six are new to science, one species and five varieties.
We are again especially indebted to Dr. E. C. Van Dyke, of Berkeley, Calif., for determinations and much valuable information respecting distribution, etc.; to Messrs. R. and G. R.
Hopping, of Vernon, who have freely given much helpful criticism; and to Mr. C. A. Frost, of
Framingham, Mass., who has been good enough to furnish information respecting related eastern
species.    To each and all we have much pleasure in recording our grateful appreciation.
The initials in brackets after species, or information referring to such, are those of the
collectors whose names are listed below.    Additions to the list are preceded by an asterisk.
A. W. Hanham, G. A. Hardy, A. Nicholls, W. H. A. Preece, G. W. Taylor.
Criocephalus Muls.
C. asperatus Lee. (Rough Ram's-head).
Additional locality, Sidney, August 6th, 1920  (W. H. A. P.).
„      ,.       „ Eumichthus Lee.
E. wdipus Lee.
This species has turned up locally in considerable numbers at Sidney (W. H. A. P.), where
they were frequenting the bloom of Spirwa discolor in the month of June. (Pan-Pac. Ent, Vol.
III., page 188.)
*E. wdipus var. ater Hardy & Preece.
A melanic form.    New variety described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Arol. III., page 188.)    Occurring
frequently with the species, Sidney (W. H. A. P.).
*E. wdipus var. ruber Hardy & Preece.
A reddish form. New variety, described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Arol. NNN., page 188.) One specimen, Sidney (W. H. A. P.).
,,,.,,      , Leptalia Lee.
*L. macilenta  (Mann).
Completely black, except a short basal indication of the yellow vitta? which characterized
the var. frankenhauseri Alann.    Air. Hanham has a short series showing every gradation between
the species and variety.    On flowers of Rosa nutkana, May and June.    A'ictoria   (A. W. H.) ;
Gordon Head (G. A. H.) ;   Sidney  (W. H. A. P.) ;   Duncan  (A. W. H.).
Ortholeptura Lee.
O. valida (Lee.)   (Clouded-yellow Leptura).
Additional locality of this rare species, Beaver Lake, July  (Jack Preece).
_T ,, Stenocorus Fab.
S. vestitus Hald.
The red form has occurred as plentifully as the black, with no preponderance of the latter
as previously stated.
Evodinus Lee.
E. vancouveri Csy.  (A'ancouver Longhorn).
Additional localities, Tod Inlet, on flowers of Smilacina, raeemosa, Alay 2nd, 1926 (A. N.) ;
Sidney, on flowers of Rosa nutkana, May 27th, 1926  (W. H. A. P.).
Judolia Muls.
"J. sexmaculata  (L.)   (Six-spotted Leptura).
A handsome little species, black with yellow blotches and bands, often in the form of six
irregular spots on elytra. June. Tod Inlet (A. N.). On flowers of Spirwa discolor (W. H. A. P.).
Widely distributed in Northern Europe and America.
Brachyleptura Csy.
*B. sanguinea  (Lee.)   (Ruddy Leptura).
More elongate in proportion than dehiscens, and dull reddish. June 21st, 1926. Goldstream,
on flowers of Achillea millefolium (G. A. H.) ; Victoria (A. W. H.). Across northern part of
continent;   Alaska to California. C 36 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Parallelina Csy.
"P. molybdica Lee. (Emerald Leptura).
A small metallic green species, frequenting flowers of dogwood (Cornus stolonifera), April
and May.    Duncan (A. W. II.).    British Columbia to California.
Strangalepta Csy.
*S.  (Alosterna) rubida (Lee.).   (Flame Leptura).
One specimen in collection of E. II. Blackmore, from Koksilah, near Duncan (C Livingston).
June.    Pacific Coast.
Strangalia (Serv.).
*S. propinqua  (Bland)   (Dusky Halter).
Very similar to  S. soror, but with legs and thorax black.    July.    On  flowers of Spirwa
discolor.    Duncan  (A. W. H.;   G. A. H.).
Leptura  (L.).
L. aspera Lee.  (Rough Leptura).
The first recent record.    One on leaf of Rubus parviflorus.    Tod Inlet  (A. N.).
Dcsmocerus Serv.
*D. eribipennis Horn.   (Shagreened Gem).
Similar to piperi, but elytra in both sexes green. These two species intergrade imperceptibly. Both forms occurred together on one elder-bush at Duncan (A. W. H.). April-June.
Forming galls at base of elder (Sambucus callicarpus). Tod Inlet (G. A. II.). British Columbia
to California.
Anocomis Csy.
A.  (Semanotus) lignca var. ampla Csy.
This is the phase occurring on the West Coast, the species having its habitat in the eastern
part of the continent.    The data in reference to lignca in AIus. Rep., 1925, page 31, therefore
applies to the form ampla.
"A. (Semanotus) lignca var. thuja; ATan Dyke.
Nearly to completely black. A new variety described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Vol. III. page 103.
Found along with var. ampla, on and in Thuja plicata, April and May. Tod Inlet (G. A. H.) ;
Goldstream (G. A. H.) ;   Sidney (AV. H. A. P.).    Type locality, Tod Inlet  (G. A. II.).
A. litigiosa Csy. (Semanotus nicholas White).
Additional locality, Sidney, April (W. H. A. P.).
Callidium Fab.
*G. vancouverense Van Dyke (AVestern Azure Miner).
-,     A new species, described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Vol. III., page 104.    Listed in AIus. Rep., 1925,
under hesperum Csy.    Running about recently cut Dougias fir slash, Sidney, where Air. Preece
took  it  in   series  during  April   and  May.     Tod   Inlet   (G.   A.   H.).     Type   locality,   Sidney
"C. vile Lee.  (The Insignificant).
A small elongate, black species. April. Gabriola Island, near Nanaimo (G. W. T.). Breeds
in Pinus ponderosa on the Alainland  (Hopping).    British Columbia to California.
Phymatodes Aluls.
"P. ceneus Lee. (Emerald Sheen).    (PI. IV., Fig. 8.)
Small, elongate, with aniens reflections.    On Douglas fir trunks and slash, Alay and June.
Probably breeds in Douglas fir, as has always been found associated with it.    Arictoria  (H. P.
Eldridge) ;   Gordon Head  (G. A. II.);   Sidney  (W. H. A. P.);   Duncan   (A. W. H.).    British
Columbia to California.
"P. obscurus Lee. (Brown Oak).    (PL IV., Fig. 4.)
Similar in size to the preceding, but uniform brown colour. This is the first record north
Of California (Van Dyke). Breeds in Garry oak (Quercus Garry ana) ■ June 30th, July, and
one, September 25th, 1926. It thus emerges as its associates, P. decussatus and obliquus,
disappear.  PLATE  IV.
Family CERAMBYCIDiE (Longhobn Beetles).
1. Phymatodes deeussatus Lee.
2. Phymatodes deeussatus var. latifaseiatus Hardy & Preece.
3. Phymatodes obliquus Csy.
4. Phymatodes obscurus
5. Phymatodes dimidiutus (Kby.).
6. Phymatodes vulneratns Lee.
7. Phymatodes nAtidus Lee.
s. Phymatodes wneus Lee.   REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 37
P. dimidiatus (Kby.)     (PI. IV., Fig. 5.)
Additional locality, Sidney, May (W. H. A. P.).
"P. vulneralus var. nigrcscens Hardy & Preece.
Nearly black.    A new variety described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Viol. III., page 190, April, 1927.
Occurring with the species, Sidney (AV. H. A. P.), which is the type locality.
"P. deeussatus var. latifasciatus Hardy & Preece.    (PI. IV., Fig. 2).
The two white fasica? merge, forming a broad white hand across elytra.    A new variety,
described in Pan-Pac. Ent., Vol. III., page 191, April. 1927.    Taken with the species at Alount
Tolmie and Uplands  (G. A. H.).    Type locality, Mount Tolmie  (G. A. H.).
P. nitidus Lee.    (PI. IA'., Fig. 7.)
,  Additional locality, Sidney, May (W. H. A. P.).
Xylotrechus Lee.
X. obliteratus Lee.
This is the species hitherto labelled in local collections X. mormonus.    The latter has so far
not been recorded from British Columbia (G. R. Hopping).    Additional localities :  Gordon Head,
July (G. A. H.) ;   Sidney (W. H. A. P.).
Clytus Laich.
C. planifrons Lee.  (Velvet Beauty).
This has occurred in numbers at Sidney, Alay and June (W. H. A. P.) ; also taken Mount
Douglas (G. A. H.) and Todd Inlet (A. N.).
Saperda Fab.
S. calcarata Say.
Victoria (J, Noble). The first recent record for Arancouver Island. Infesting a small group
of aspen (Populus tremuloides), resulting in the death of several trees which were completely
riddled by their burrows. Larva; of all stages of growth, suggesting a two- or three-year cycle,
were obtained, mining in the living heart-wood.    Adults just emerging, July 6th, 1927.
*S. populnea L.  (Speckled Saperda).
Elongate, subcylindrical; black with sparse white pubescence arranged in spots. One specimen, Duncan (A. W. H. and G. A. H.), July 4th, 1926, taken on Populus trichocarpus, in which
it breeds, forming galls on the twigs and branches. Occurs in Europe and British Columbia to
Oberea Muls.
O. quadricallosa Lee.
Additional localities:   Gordon Head, June (G. A. II.) ;  Tod Inlet, July (A. X.).
Literature pertaining to the Cerambycid;e of A'ancouver Island published since the last
"Notes on Some Species of Cerambycida? (Col.) from the Southern Portion of ATancouver
Island."    G. A. Hardy and AV. H. A. Preece.    Pan-Pac. Ent., Vol. III., page 34.
" New Species and Subspecies of AVest American Cerambycida?." E. C Aran Dyke. Pan-Pac.
Ent., Vol. III., page 99.
" Further Notes on Some Species of Cerambycidse from the Southern Portion of Vancouver
Island, B.C., with Descriptions of Some New Ararieties." G. A. Hardy and W. H. A. Preece.
Pan-Pac. Ent., Vol. III., page 187.
Additional Notes and Coerections.
By G. A. Haedy.
The following notes and additions are supplementary to the article under this heading in
the Report for 1925, page 21.
We are gratefully indebted to Air. J. R. Slevin, of the Academy of Sciences, San Francisco,
for the determination and verification of all material of any value, and to whom we have much
pleasure in extending our warmest appreciation and thanks. C 38 BRITISH COLUMBIA.
Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird (Long-toed Salamander).
Eight specimens of this  salamander were  received from  Creston,  B.C.,  collected by  the
Alice Siding School under the direction of Mr. C S. Lallemand.
Ensatina eschscholtzii Gray (Oregon Salamander).
The  specimens referred  to  from  Agassiz  under this  name  in the  Report  for  1925  are
Ambystoma macrodactylum.
Bufo boreas boreas Baird & Girard  (Northwestern Toad).
This was frequently met with in Garibaldi Park, B.C., at aii elevation of 5,600 feet.    As
compared with specimens taken at Daisy Lake (1,200 feet) during the same month, they were
noticeably much lighter and brighter in coloration.
Rana pretiosa pretiosa Baird & Girard (Western Spotted Frog).
Several were seen and taken at Daisy Lake, B.C., near the head of Howe Sound, July, 1926,
by G. A. Hardy.    The following colour notes were made from a fresh specimen:—
Upper-side: Yellowish-brown very sparsely spotted with black—one small round spot on
head and two U-shaped ones on back.
Under-side:   Yellowish-white, shading into dull and obscure pink on the under-side of legs.
That they are distinctly sluggish was well shown by the comparative ease of capture.    One
was disturbed and dived to the bottom, where it crouched until taken up by the hand, making
no marked attempted to escape.
Rana aurora aurora Baird & Girard (Oregon Red-legged Frog).
A specimen from Renfrew, Vancouver Island, was presented to the Museum by Mr. J. G.
The following additions have been received during the past year and cordial thanks are
extended to the donors :—
Skull, found at Turner Point, near Tod Inlet (A. R. Cross).
Collection of Indian spear-points (7) from Elizabeth and John Doole, Kuleets Reserve, V.I.
Scalper.    Kuleets Reserve, V.I.  (August Planchie).
Paint-dish, origin unknown (A. Al. Johnson, K.C, Victoria).
Adze.    Jordan River, AM.  (Dr. Felton).
Spear-point, Shoal Harbour, V.I.  (W. H. A. Preece).
Arrow-head and scraper.    Slocan, B.C. (W. J. Sheppard).
Bow and arrow.   Neah Bay, B.C. (Ex-Lieutenant-Governor W. C. Niehol).
Arrow-head.   Beacon Hill Park (Captain Pike, R.N.).
Stone maul.    Skidegate, B.C., 1909 (Alajor Harold Nation).
Cast of face on totem-pole.   Victoria Memorial Museum, per Harlan I. Smith.
Bone needle-point.    Willows Beach, AM., on shell-mound   (G. A. Hardy).
Abalone pendant and core.    Willows Beach, V.I. (T. Butcher).
Sinker.    Qualicum Beach, AM.  (Colonel Noel Aloney).
Charm.    Victoria  (A. Al. Johnson, K.C).
Skull.    Somenos Lake, V.I.  (A. Colliard).
Pair of snowshoes (Airs. A. AV. Bridgman).
Pair of snowshoes (Airs. Ii. K. Andrews).
Alule-deer antlers found in clay, 8 feet from the surface.    Alexis Creek (H. P. S. Bayliff).
Vertebra? of Whale, found on the beach in James Bay, Victoria  (Charles Bright).
For other Alammals see Garibaldi Report, page 26.
Western Robin (Planesticus migratorius propinquus Ridgway). Sidney, AM. (W. H. A.
Rufous Hummingbird  (Seldsphorus rufus Gmelin).    Victoria  (Mrs. Birney).
Lewis' Woodpecker (Asyndesmus leivisi Riley).    Departure Bay, V.I.  (Eric Keighley).
Band-tailed Pigeon (Columba fasciata fasciata Say.).    Gordon Head, V.I.  (F. Kermode).
Dusky Horned Owl (Bufo virginianus saturatus Ridgway). Aletchosin, V.I. (per Dr. K.
White).  1
Sphyrapiens ruber (Gmel.).
On Alder—
A. 1st day's work, 4.50 p.m. to 6.30 p.m.
B. 2nd day's work, 6 a.m. to 6.30 p.m.
C. 3rd day's work, 6 a.m. to 6.30 p.m.
The larger holes within the limits of each day's work are the feeding-troughs for the day.
The above notes and observations, together with the specimen of wood illustrated,  were
contributed by Air. G. D. Sprot, Cobble Hill, AM., September 18th, 1926. PLATE  V.
«|i Af     .• M
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L _ m,     ;;..:.■ ...A...... .A... .J  REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926. C 39
The following collection of birds was received from W. B. Johnstone, Edgewood, B.C. These
were all taken at Edgewood, and are listed with the dates upon which the birds were obtained.
Pipit (Anthus rubescens Tunstall).    May 8th, 1920.    Two specimens.
Nevada Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus s. nevadensis Grinn.).    May 2nd, 1920.
Nevada Savannah Sparrow  (Passerculus s. nevadensis Grinn.).    July 16th, 1919.
Fox-sparrow  (Passerella iliaca altivagans Riley).    July 5th, 1919.
Merrill's Song-sparrow (Mclospiza m. merrilli Brewster). Three specimens. November 13th,
1919;   June 8th, 1922;   June 11th, 1922.
Sooty Song-sparrow (Mclospiza m.elodia ruflna Bonaparte).    September 9th, 1918.
White-winged Crossbill (Loxia leucoptera Gmelin).    July 5th, 1919.
Shufeldt's Junco  (Junco hyemalis connectens Cous.).    September 14th, 1919.
Willow-thrush  (Hylocichla fuscescens salicicola Ridgway).    September 9th, 1919.
Olive-hacked Thrush  (Hylocichla ustulata swainsoni Tschudi).    Alay 18th, 1920.
Sanderling (Calidris leucophwa Pallas).    September 14th, 1919.
Black Swift  (Gypseloides niger borcalis Kennerly).    September 15th, 1920.
Northwestern Red-wing  (Agelaius phmnicerus caurinus Ridgway).    February 25th, 1921.
Rusty Blackbird  (Euphagus carolinus Muller).    November 10th, 1917.
Brewer's Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus Wagler).    April 24th, 1920.
Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus lapponicus (Linnaeus).    September 9th, 1921.
Calaveras Warbler  (Vermivora rubricapilla gutturalis Ridgway).    May 13th, 1920.
Garter-snake (Thamnophis o. ordinoides B. & G.). Two specimens. Gordon Head (Airs. F.
Alligator Lizard (Gerrhonotus principis B. & G.). One specimen from A'ictoria (H. L. S.
Blake) ;   Ave specimens from Creston  (Alice Siding School).
Rubber Boa (Charina bottw Blainville).    Creston  (Alice Siding School).
Long-toed Salamander (Ambystoma macrodactylum Baird). Eight specimens. Creston
(Alice Siding School).
Rusty Salamander  (Aneides ferreus Cope).    Sidney  (Eric Graham, per W. II. A. Preece).
Western Toad (Bufo b. boreas B. & G.). Four specimens, Creston (Alice Siding School);
three specimens, Garibaldi  (G. A. Hardy).
AA'estern Spotted Frog (Rana p. pretiosa B. & G.).    Daisy Lake  (G. A. Hardy).
Oregon Red-legged Frog  (Rana a. aurora B. & G.).    Port Renfrew   (G. French).
Trout.    Lost Lake, Highland District (E. A. Cooke).
Sand-Iaunce (Ammododytes personatus Girard). Cordova Bay (Rev. R. Connell and G. A.
Several species of Aloths.   Victoria (E. A. Cooke).
Smerinthus cersyi Kirby.    Victoria  (E. Aloyes).
Telea polyphemus Cram.    Esquimalt (Captain O. R. Parker).
Telea polyphemus Cram.    Kamloops  (J. W. Hall).
For further Lepidoptera sec Report on Mount Garibaldi Park, page 19.
Large-banded borer (Rosalia funebris Alots.). A living specimen taken on the beach at the
Willows, A'ictoria, June 24th (Aliss Askey).
California Prionus (Prionus californicus Alots.). A'ictoria, July 19th (K. Rots) and July
21st (T. Wood).
Phynatinus pardalinus Wick. A weevil affecting lily-bulbs. Duncan, October 23rd (W.
Helops pernitens Lee.   Victoria, December 22nd (E. A. Cooke). Collections representing various families were received as follows, by gift unless otherwise
J. W. Cockle, Kaslo, approximately 900 specimens (purchase).
G. Stace Smith, Creston, approximately 250 specimens.
W. H. A. Preece, Sidney, approximately 300 specimens.
G. A. Hardy, Garibaldi, approximately 300 specimens  (collected for the Aluseum).
Alice Siding School, Creston, per C. S. Lallemande, approximately 200 specimens.
R. Hopping, Vernon, 32 specimens of 8 named species.
W. J. Chamberlin, Corvallis, Oregon, 4 specimens.
Of special interest are the following paratypes belonging to tbe family Cerambycida? (Long-
horns).    These are described in the Pan-Pac. Ent., 1927, Vol. MI.
Callidium vancouverense Aran Dyke.    Sidney, AM. (W. H. A. Preece).
Phymatodes vulncratus var. nlgreseens Hardy & Preece.    Sidney, AM.    (W. II. A. Preece).
Eumichthus wdipus var. atcr Hardy & Preece.    Sidney, AM. (W. H. A. Preece).
Phymatodes deeussatus var. latifasciatus Hardy & Preece. Alount Tolmie, V.I. (G. A.
Semanotus ligneus var. thujw Van Dyke.    Tod Inlet (G. A. Hardy).
In addition to the specimens noted above, Air. G. Stace Smith sent in the following notes,
accompanied by specimens, relative to the biology of the species and which are of sufficient
interest to record :—
Trachykcle nimbosa Fall (Buprestida?). Living specimens taken from, pupal cells in Abies
grandis in November, 1926.    Originally infected through an old axe-scar.
Callidium subopaowm Swaine. (Cerambycida?). From pupal cell in Douglas fir (Pseu-
dotsuga mucronata), November, 1926.
Pogonoeherus oregonus (Lee.) (Cerambyeidte). Living specimens from pupal cell in Abies
grandis, November, 1926. The'larva? mine in the sapwood, dipping into the heart-wood prior to
pupation, and then gnaw to within the outer bark. The adults remain quiescent until the following spring, finally gnawing their way out.
The specimens of the last were accompanied by larva?, pupa?, and sections of the wood
illustrating their work;  these have now been added to the exhibit series of life-histories.
For other Coleoptera see Report of Alount Garibaldi Park, page 22.
Six species of named "bumblebees " showing queen and workers, Vernon (Alax E. Rhuman).
Sixty-five specimens, Sidney (W. H. A. Preece).
A number of large Spiders of several species were also received from the following: Dr. S. K.
White, Messrs. A. R. Sherwood, N. H. Dickinson, Dr. J. E. H. Kelso, Miss Al. George, and Air.
A. W. Esnouf.
(Alphabetically arranged.)
Acadian Entomological Society, Nova Scotia  2
American Aluseum of Natural History, New York  5
Bernice Pauhai Bishop Aluseum, Honolulu, Hawaii  1
Boston Society of Natural History, Boston, Mass  4
Bristol Aluseum and Art Gallery, Bristol, England  1
British Columbia Historical Association  ,  1
British Museum, London, England  5
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, Calif  36
Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, Pa  1
Charleston Aluseum, Charleston, S.C .  1
Children's Museum, Boston, Mass  1
Cincinnati Aluseum z\ssociation, Cincinnati, Ohio  1
City Art Museum, St. Louis, AIo  4
Carried forward     63 REPORT OF PROVINCIAL MUSEUM, 1926.
C 41
Publications received from other, Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward 	
Cleveland Aluseum of Natural History
Colorado Aluseum of Natural History, Denver, Colo.
Cornell University, Ithaca. N.Y.
Dominion Government Publications, Ottawa
Field Aluseum, Chicago, 111	
Grand Rapids Public Library, Mich.
Hudson's Bay Company, Winnipeg, Man.
Illinois State Natural History Survey, Urbana, 111
Institute General Y Recnico de A^alencia, Spain
Insular Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, P.R.
John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111.
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Lloyd Library, Cincinnati, Ohio .
Alanchester Aluseum, Manchester, England
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Alass.
Natural History Society of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Alan.
Nebraska State Aluseum, Lincoln, Neb.
New York Botanical Garden, N.Y.
New York Zoological Society, N.Y.
Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station, Wooster, Ohio
Peabody Aluseum, Yale University. New Haven, Conn.
Pennsylvania Aluseum and University
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences
Province of British Columbia .
Public Aluseum, Milwaukee, Wis.
Puget Sound Biological Station, Seattle, Wash.
Royal Canadian Institute, Toronto, Ont.
San Diego Natural History Aluseum
San Diego Society of Natural History
Smithsonian Institution, AVashington, D.C
State College of Washington, Pullman, Wash.
Staten Island Institute of Arts & Sciences
St. Louis Public Library, Mo. 	
United States Department of Agriculture, AVashington, D.C
7                                         I
University of California, Berkeley, Calif
University of Illinois, Urbana, 111.
University of Alichigan, Ann Arbor
University of Alontreal, Alontreal, P.Q.
University of Oklahoma, Neb.
University of Toronto, Ont	
University of Washington, Seattle, Wn.
Arancouver City Museum, B.C. .
We have pleasure in recording our thanks for receipt of the " Northern C<
lished in 1913, from Airs. L. A. Green, in acceding to a request made known for
the B.C. Alountaineering Club, per Air. Neal M. Carter.
irdilleran," pub-
that purpose by
Printed by Chahles F. Ban-field, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty


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