Open Collections

BC Sessional Papers

PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF RAILWAYS FOR THE YEAR ENDING DECEMBER… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1921

Item Metadata

Download

Media
bcsessional-1.0226019.pdf
Metadata
JSON: bcsessional-1.0226019.json
JSON-LD: bcsessional-1.0226019-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): bcsessional-1.0226019-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: bcsessional-1.0226019-rdf.json
Turtle: bcsessional-1.0226019-turtle.txt
N-Triples: bcsessional-1.0226019-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: bcsessional-1.0226019-source.json
Full Text
bcsessional-1.0226019-fulltext.txt
Citation
bcsessional-1.0226019.ris

Full Text

 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL KEPORT
OF
THE DEPARTMENT OF RAILWAYS
FOR   THE
Year Ending December 31st
1921
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY of the legislative assembly.
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
Printed by William H. Ctjllin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1922.  .
To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
I have the honour to present herewith the Annual Beport of the operations and
activities of the Railway Department of the Government of British Columbia for the
year ending December 31st, 1921, with supplementary notes for 1922.
JOHN OLIVER,
Minister of Railicays.
Victoria, B.C., September 30th, 1922,  REPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF RAILWAYS.
Victoria, B.C., September 30th, 1922.
Hon. John Oliver,
Minister of Railways, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—1 have the honour to submit a report dealing with the principal activities of the
Railway Department during the year ending December 31st, 1921, with supplementary notes to
September 30th, 1922.
The staff of the Railway Department consists of Chief Engineer, Assistant Engineer, Chief
Inspector of Rolling-stock and Equipment, two Assistant Inspectors, clerk, and two stenographers.
In addition to railways, the Department has control over the Songhees terminal improvement-
works and the maintenance and operation of the combined railway and highway bridge over the
Fraser River at New Westminster, with its railway and highway approaches.
The details are set forth hereunder.
(1.)  CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAY TERMINALS.
Construction of the above terminals has been continued throughout the year at Vancouver
and Victoria, and estimates have been approved by the Department for payment in accordance
with the provisions of section 7 of the " Canadian Northern Pacific Railway Terminals Act,
1917," from December, 1920, to December, 1921, inclusive, totalling $379,801.43.
Work on the Victoria terminals is still confined to the area north of Point Ellice Bridge, no
construct ion-work having been done on the proposed car-transfer spur line (south of the bridge)
referred to in last year's report.
The position of the terminals is as follows:—
Terminal.
Estimated
Total Cost of
each Terminal.
Proportion of
Estimated
Cost.
0.4713
0 24095
0.13275
0.0387
0.0230
0.0933
Total Cash
available for
each Terminal.
Proportion of
Total Work
now done.
Amount
now earned.
Retentions.
Amount
payable.
$4,308,455 10
2,202,601 50
1,213,424 62
353,988 89
209,908 29
853,125 00
$4,262,363 21
2,179,113 97
1,200,570 16
349,996 73
208,008 39
843,790 66
0.9025
0.83633
0.97881
0.8197
0.9846
0.4822
$3,846,782 61
1,822,458 41
1,175,129 92
286,892 54
204,804 68
406,875 54
$ 9,668 73
83,507 69
$3,837,113 88
1,738,950 72
'1,175,129 92
286,892 54
-
204,804 68
406,626 54
250 00
Deo. 31st, 1921, totals	
89,141,503 40
$9,141,503 40
1.000
1.000
$9,043,843 12
$9,043,843 12
$7,742,943 70
$7,850,511 30
$93,426 42
$96,209 03
$7,649,517 28
$7,754,302 27
Aug.-Dec. 31st, 1922, totals.
(2.)   CANADIAN NATIONAL RAILWAY  CONSTRUCTION.
(a.) Vancouver Island, Mile 0-Mile 100.—No further construction-work has been carried out
on this section, the head of steel being at Mile 74, south end of Cowichan Lake.
(6.) Kamloops-Keloiona Line.—No track-laying, bridging, or additional grading has been
done on this line during the year.
(3.)  WESTMINSTER BRIDGE—RENEWALS AND  REPAIRS.
Gates.—The contract awarded to Frew & Fraser for new automatic highway gates (with
motors) on September, 1920, was completed during June, inaugurating a very marked improvement over the original system, under which forty seconds were required for raising or lowering,
as against six seconds on the new installation.
Highway Floor.—Tenders for reflooring the entire highway deck across the steelwork of the
bridge were called for in August and the contract finally awarded on September 14th, as follows:
Vancouver Pile Driving and Contracting Company for flooring renewal (timber) ; Cotton Company, Limited, for asphaltic surface. Owing to severe weather conditions and the consequent
closing-down of local sawmills, these contracts will not be completed until next spring, although
the renewal of original timber flooring was 90 per cent, finished on December 31st. Owing to
congestion of traffic caused by sharp turn at north highway approach it was decided to widen
the floor-surface G feet. This was carried out by the erection of an 18-inch I beam, 38 feet
long, supported on vertical steel channel posts bedded in concrete pedestals, all connected up Z 6
British Columbia.
1922
with original structure by a 12-inch I beam and steel bracing. In connection with widening of
the highway approach the realignment of the 4-inch water-pipe and gate-valve became necessary.
This was carried out by Spring & Sibley, whose' work included installation of fire-protection
standards, replacing original valve openings on bridge, removal of gate-valve 10 feet west,
construction of a concrete box around same for frost protection, and connecting up with original
pipe-line.
Swing-span Machinery.—An examination of the racer-rack, shoes, and wedges showed the
necessity for immediate overhaul, and a contract was awarded to AVebb & Gifford (lowest
tenderers) for rebolting racer-rack, repairing shoes, resurfacing wedges, and supplying one spare
wedge, all of which was completed without interfering with the' operation of the swing-span. In
addition to the above work, four chrome-steel rail-guides were renewed on this span.
East Spread Span—Rail Renetcal,—This span connects with Great Northern Railway depot
at north end of bridge and is laid out on a 14° curve, which causes very rapid rail deterioration.
Thirty 80-lb. rails were renewed during the year, secured by double-ended tie-plates and bridle-
rods, together with fifty-two new ties.
B.C.E.R. High Transmission Towers.—A careful inspection of the British Columbia Electric
Railway transmission towers carrying power-lines across the bridge disclosed dangerous
deformation in the vertical members of the south tower, which rises 165 feet above top of bridge
pier, and after consulting with the British Columbia Electric Railway officials it was decided
to remedy this condition by removing original cross-bracing and substituting an improved system
carrying lighter members, thus reducing the excessive dead-load which was the cause of the
original trouble. This work was commenced by the British Columbia Electric Railway Company
towards end of the year and will not be completed until next year. Some changes will also be
carried out in connection with north tower bracing.
Signals and Interlocking.—The extension of signal-protection on the east approach, towards
Port Mann, has not progressed beyond the stage of negotiations with the Canadian National
Railways and Great Northern Railway.
Painting.—The painting crew worked steadily from April to September, using the machine
which gave most satisfactory service throughout the season, thus enabling the men to cover a
much greater surface of steelwork than has previously been possible.
Traffic.—The railroad traffic across bridge for year was as follows:—
Passenger.
Freight.
Mixed.
*
Trains.
Cars.
Trains.
Cars.
Trains.
Cars.
2,810
1,452
3,315
16,758
10,137
8,630
824
1,331
1,184
17,377
25,450
12,024
1,8S4
636
432
69
1,368
961
206
6,202
2,419*
7,577
35,325
3,539
57,803
2,398
S.827
* Dairy cars, 2,103.
t Note.—Sixteen C.P.B. passenger-trains composing 172 cars were routed across Westminster Bridge in
October and December, owing to flood damage on Canadian Pacific Railway main-line system.
SUPPLE.MENTAKY REPORT,  1922.
Highway Floor.—The Vancouver Pile Driving and Contracting Company completed their
reflooring contract in February, also refraining three timber bents on south highway approach
where it connects with steel trusses.
The Cotton Company, Limited, commenced operation on the asphaltic concrete paving
contract in March and completed the work by May 6th. In order to preserve the correct
operating balance of the swing-span it was found necessary to reduce the weight of the asphaltic
concrete pavement on this truss by using timber fillers covered with sheet asphalt wearing
surface.
Swing-span Machinery.—The Heaps Engineering Company was awarded a contract for
installation of two CS. boxes designed to reinforce the lower end of main shaft which swings 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 7
this span and completed the work in April.    Repairs to worm-gears, driving-arms, etc., were also
carried out by this firm at the same time.
Pier-protection Crib.—On  account of abnormally low water in the early winter months'
floating ice was carried below the upstream sheeting of the protection-crib at swing-span pier,
damaging the nose-piling.    Three new nose-piles were driven and the iron nose-plates extended
down to extreme low-water mark by the Fraser River Pile Driving Company during April.
B.C.E.R. High Transmission Towers.—The work of straightening the south tower and the
erection of the new system of bracing was completed by the British Columbia Electric Railway
in June, after which work was commenced on the north tower and completed by August.
Signals and Interlocking.—Some trouble has been experienced in connection with existing
re-entrance bonds along the track which have proved totally inadequate to take care of the
return current in the rails when the British Columbia Electric Railway freight-trains are climbing
the grade south of the bridge. Three new re-entrance bonds of the most modern type and
enlarged capacity have been put in, and it is proposed to gradually replace all the old bonds with
this improved type.
Retaining-ivall along Front Street.—'The log-crib retaining-wall which for the past eighteen
years has supported the Government track and road-bed from the Great Northern Railway depot
east along Front Street and along the Canadian Pacific Railway track, having reached its limits
of safety, was condemned, and in May tenders were called for its replacement by a concrete
structure. The contract was awarded to Robertson & Rendell, Limited, lowest bidders, in June,
and work started the same month.
(4.)  SONGHEES  RESERVE.
Leases in Force in 1921.
Name.
Description.
Acreage.
Expiry Date.
Sidney Roofing & Paper Co.
B.C. Yacht & Boat Builders
C. Cholberg  	
A. Berquist	
Amphlett & Howell   	
Sub-lot 3 of Lot 119
Sub-lot 4 of Lot 119
2.92
acres,
increased to
3.244
acres
1.27
acres,
increased to
1.29
acres
3.92
acres
1.35
acres,
Increased to
5.4
acres
0.35
acres
April 14th, 1940.
June 30th,  1930.
Oct.  31st,  1921.
July 12th,  1922.
Monthly.
Johnson Street Extension,—Bids were called for the grading of this street, extending 2,404
feet from the western boundary of the former Songhees Reserve to the Esquimalt & Nanaimo
Railway Bridge, two tenders only being received, as follows: The Corporation of the City of
Victoria, $48,861.45; Pacific Construction Company, Limited, Admiral's Road, Esquimalt,
$45,261.05.
On December Sth, 1921, the contract was awarded to the Pacific Construction Company,
Limited, lowest tenderer, and work was commenced on December Sth; the value of work done
on this contract up to December 31st being $625.
Applications for change of industrial  spur track connecting with Esquimalt & Nahaimo
Railway were received from the Sidney Roofing and Paper Company and Shell Oil Company
(negotiating for adjoining lease)  during December, and relocation survey was made, followed .
by work of moving track over, the cost being chargeable to leaseholders aifected.
Supplementary to Foregoing, 1922.—The Pacific Construction Company finished its contract
in September.
(5.)  JOHNSON STREET BRIDGE,.
The total contribution of the Provincial Government towards this undertaking is $200,000,
of which $56,843.95 has been released to December 31st, 1921, and the following summary from
reports of F. H. Allwood, Resident Engineer on construction, is submitted through courtesy of
City Engineer Preston, under whose direction the work is being carried out:— Z 8
British Columbia.
1922
In December, 1920, the City Council authorized the Engineering Department to proceed with
construction of the substructure of the highway portion of this bridge and a part of the
substructure for the railway section. This was all comprised in what is known as Contract
No. 1, and work was commenced during the first week in January, 1921.
The various units in this contract are as follows, starting from the easterly or city approach
to the bridge: (1) East abutment; (2) counterweight trunnion pier; (3) main trunnion pier;
(4) rest pier; (5) west abutment.
Of these, the east abutment, rest pier, and west abutment were all founded on rock and the
counterweight trunnion pier and main trunnion pier on piles driven to rock.
Owing to the proximity of the present Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway swing-bridge it was
found impossible to construct the whole of the east abutment or main trunnion pier, so that
portions of these were excluded from Contract No. 1.
Below is given a comparative list of the estimated cost and the actual cost of the various
units to end of year 1921:—
Unit.
Estimated Cost.
Actual Cost.
Remarks.
$ 13,706 00
64,314 00
43,906 00
26,928 00
31,795 OO
$  15,188 00
60,158 00
38,022 00
23,994 00
24,376 00
10,821  00
16,179 00
Completed.
Not completed.
Completed.
Erecting   equipment,   etc.,   to   be   segregated   amongst
above actual costs
Equipment, etc., to be segregated amongst above actual
costs
$180,649 ©0
$188,738 00
Supplementary, 1922.—The total payments made by the Provincial Government on account
of this work as at August 31st amount to $141,154.47.
(6.)  EQUIPMENT INSPECTION.
The following report from Chief Inspector Rae indicates what has been accomplished under
this heading:—
An increase of locomotives, mileage, and equipment is shown over the previous year and a
great improvement made in bringing the equipment to conform to the standard safety-appliance
regulations of this Department.
Although a number of logging-railways have not been operating for the year, however, the
companies kept men employed repairing and standardizing their equipment, and also giving
attention to the upkeep of their tracks and bridges with respect to standardization of switch-
stands, guard-rails of bridges, switch aud material clearances as required by the Department, and
from the number of inquiries being made of this Department the year 1922 will see a number of
these roads operating again, with more equipment added.
During the year 15 locomotives were given an internal inspection and 118 tested; 1 locomotive
boiler was found dangerous. Number of accidents on locomotives, 2; number of locomotive
designs for boilers, 8 (2 from local companies and 6 submitted from outside of the Province) ;
9 second-hand locomotives were brought into the Province and 2 new ones; designs for locomotive
appurtenances submitted for approval were 6. Inspections made on entire equipment of railways
for Workmen's Compensation Board total 39; engineers examined, 50; certificates issued, 42.
There are at present 9 railways operating with gas-propelled motors as a motive power, and from
the inquiries made by different companies, and also on account of the advancement being made
on this gas-propelled car, it will be necessary for this Department to adopt certain regulations
to govern this type of equipment to secure safety in its operation.
As this is the third year this Department has taken over this work of standardization of
railways, a large amount of educational work has been carried on. At the latter part of this
year a large amount of time was devoted to the British Columbia Electric Railway system in
assisting to bring about the right-hand operation of their equipment and railway, and more time
will have to be given to this work next year. 12 Geo. 5 Department op Railways. Z 9
There are now under the jurisdiction of this Department 89 industrial and common-carrier
railways, with a total equipment of: Locomotives, 180; gas-locomotives, 12; other equipment,
4,229; and a total mileage of 1,075.
Electric railways have the following mileage; British Columbia Electric Railway, 307.64 on
all divisions, with a total rolling-stock equipment of 928; Nelson Street Railway, 4 miles; total
rolling-stock equipment, 3; which shows an increase on industrial railways over the previous
year of 120 miles, 18 steam-locomotives, 596 other equipment, and 12 gas-cars.
There have only been three accidents with fatal results for this year.
The inspection-work carried on by the Inspectors of the Department necessitated in a great
many cases extra visits to some of the railways. This was done for the purpose of assisting in
bringing their equipment and locomotive boilers up to the standardization required by this
Department.
SUPPLEMENTARY REPORT, 1922.
Hydrostatic tests applied to boilers from January 1st, 1922. to September
15th, 1922    121
Internal inspections of boilers  32
Engineers examined   36
Engineers' certificates issued  26
Number of locomotives inspected other than hydrostatic tests  36
Inspections made on entire equipment and railroads for the Workmen's
Compensation Board    26
Number of cars inspected on logging and mining railroads 1,781
Number of miles of track inspected on logging and mining railroads  389
Accidents investigated on logging and mining railroads  4
Fatal accidents on logging and mining railroads  5
Accidents investigated on British Columbia Electric Railway  6
Fatal accidents on British Columbia Electric Railway   5
Number of locomotive-boiler designs approved   1
Number of designs for locomotive appurtenances approved  9
The above does not include any inspections of equipment or railroad on the British Columbia
Electric Railway.
With reference to the British Columbia Electric Railway : The conversion of its cars and
change in tracks to permit right-hand operation were completed early in the year and the change
over was a complete success. No serious accidents of any kind occurred which could be attributed
to this change.
All the railways operating under the jurisdiction of this Department are endeavouring to
comply with the rules and regulations of this Department and of the Compensation Board.
(7.)   PACIFIC GREAT EASTERN RAILWAY.
(a.) North' Shore Division—Maintenance.
During the last week in October severe floods were experienced, accompanied by wash-outs,
which tied up most of the railway systems out of Vancouver. The west abutment of the Pacific
Great Eastern Bridge over Capilano River was undermined at the down-stream end and rock-
filling emptied out. This was immediately checked by rushing out an extra crew under Section
Foreman Miller, who deposited brush and wire mattressing inside the abutment and refilled with
boulders. There is no doubt that this abutment would have collapsed had not prompt action
been taken to cheek erosion, as this was the maximum flood experienced since the construction
of the railway. The bridge and piers withstood successfully the impact of logs, roots, and
detritus, which were carried down with terrific force by the flood, and this is doubtless due to
protection-work which has been carried out in previous years. A large jam formed on the centre
pier, which was removed by blasting and cutting, as were collections of roots and trees left piled
up on the gravel-bar above bridge after the high water subsided. Traffic was not interfered with
in any way on this section of the line by the flood.   "
The City of North Vancouver made application in August for a spur track along Chesterfield
Avenue, between wharf and Esplanade, for car-barge transfer service, with a diamond level
crossing over the Pacific Great Eastern Railway track, which was approved by Order in Council
dated October 4th and construction work started in November. *
Z 10
British Columbia.
1922
Supplementary, 1922.—From Lonsdale Avenue terminal to Bewicke Avenue, a distance of
3,640 feet, the Pacific Great Eastern track is carried along the foreshore on a standard pile
trestle, the easterly section of which had been steadily deteriorating from attack of marine borers,
which are very destructive in this locality. As a permanent improvement it was decided to
train-fill the trestle from Lonsdale Depot to Mahon Avenue at east boundary of Mission Indian
Reserve, a distance of 1,630 feet, which work was carried out by the Operating Department in
February, and a round timber subway constructed beneath fill at west end of Lonsdale Station
platform for industrial purposes.
The westerly 2,01.0 feet of this trestle between Mahon and Bewicke (across Mission Indian
Reserve) shows no signs of damage to piling from toredo activity, which is probably accounted
for by the fresh water discharging into the sea from creeks along this stretch of foreshore.
The municipal spur track, diamond crossing, and wye on Chesterfield Avenue, connecting
wharf with house track on Esplanade, was opened for traffic in April under contract between
North Vancouver City Council and Captain Yorke, who operates a car-barge connecting with
Great Northern Railway wharf terminal, Vancouver.
(6.)   Squamish to Quesnel—Maintenance.
G. T. Livingstone, Resident Engineer, reports as follows:—
The engineering services rendered may be divided into three classes—those undertaken at
the request of your office, those requested by the Operating Department, and those of a routine
nature in connection with ordinary maintenance. In the majority of cases those of the last two
classes, unless they were unusual or involved capital expenditure, were not reported upon to
your office.
During the year locations and plans were made for the Jordon lease and for the Gustafson
lease at Mons; for the Ogle lease at Exeter; for the Fraser lease at Clinton; for a proposed new
spur to the Newport Sawmill; and for a booming-ground for the same mill on the foreshore just
west of the Squamish Dock approach.
Locations were made for a flag-station at Simpson Lodge, Mile 91.6; for the cattle-pens
moved from Tatton to Exeter; for Nielands logging-spur at Mile 35.4; for Birch's logging-spur
at Owl Creek, Mile 64.5; for Squarebriggs & MacDonald's logging-spur at Mile 71.45; for the
Nakamoto logging-spur at Mile 69.S; and for the revision of the Atma Ram-Nakamota logging-
spur at Mile 68.8. All the foregoing locations, except that at Exeter, are on the Squamish
Subdivision. Of the above spurs, that of Squarebriggs & MacDonald has not as yet been
constructed.
Surveys and plans were made in connection with the water rights for the Brackendale tank,
Mile 6.1, Squamish Subdivision ; the Kelly L. tank, Mile 33.94, Lillooet Subdivision; the Lone
Butte tank, Mile 8S.37, Lillooet Subdivision; the Lac la Hache tank, Mile 117.05, Lillooet Subdivision; for the Williams Lake tank, Mile 156.0, Lillooet Subdivision; and for the Williams Lake
Townsite tank and water-supply. All the papers in connection with applying for water licences
were made in connection with the foregoing tanks, except the Kelly Lake and Brackendale tanks,
where further information only, in connection with existing licences, was required by the Water
Rights Branch. Surveys.and plans were also made in connection with the proposed new spur
at the Newport Mills and with the section-house location and proposed increase of station-grounds
at Lone Butte.
Reports and estimates were made on the proposed team-track at Williams Lake; the fencing
of 3 miles of track through the Indian reserve at Pavilion; the fencing of the west side of track
at Mile 80% to. Mile 82; the dredging required at Squamish Dock and Ferry-slip; the repairs
to the original Cheekye Bridge; the repairs to the flumes and siphons on the Fountain Indian
Reserve No. 3; and the proposed crossover from the scale-tracks to the roundhouse at Squamish.
Plans and estimates were made on the proposed extension and remodelling of the company
eating-house at D'Arcy. Plans and a report for a threatened lawsuit over the killing of a pig
at Mile 82.27 and a cow at Mile 84.29, on the Squamish Subdivision, were alsa made.
The installation of the logging-road jump crossing at Mile 30.4, McGuire, the salvaging and
re-erecting of the oil pipe-line at Squamish Dock, and the repairs to the dock itself were
supervised. In connection witli the last-mentioned work my attention was required almost
continuously from June 6th to October 25th. .
12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 11
From November 1st to date my time and attention have been entirely taken by the repairs
to road-bed and bridges damaged during the floods of late October. During this time I have
had the assistance of a transit-man and two chainmen.
Besides a number of trips by train, many trips of inspection, aggregating some thousands
of miles, have been made by speeder during the year, at which time the more important bridges,
points of danger, the actions of floods, and the track and road-bed in general have been examined
and such action taken or remedy applied as the situation seemed to warrant.
Upkeep and Betterments to Road-bed.
Up to October 22nd the amount of main-line mileage under operation was 278. On that date
an additional 70 miles, Williams Lake to Quesnel, was taken over for operation, making a total
of 348 miles. Of this amount, the first 154% miles out of Squamish is mountainous, with the
usual difficulties of maintenance common to that class of country, while the remaining 193%
miles is up through a plateau and valley country presenting no unusual problems of upkeep,
outside of two or three short stretches of muskeg between Lac la Hache and Williams Lake, a
few wet and sliding cuts north of the latter place, and the section of moving ground, over which
the road passes, just south of Quesnel.
There are twenty-six sections between Squamish and Quesnel. the average length of sections
being about 13% miles, with variations both ways of 3 miles. During the past working season,
that is from the middle of May to the first of November, the average number of trackmen per
section was one foreman and three labourers. In the latter part of May an extra gang averaging
about sixteen men wag put on between Squamish and Chasm and was laid off at the end of the
first week of November. This gave an average of about 3 miles of track per man, including
foremen in the mountain district and about 4 miles per man over the remainder of the road.
During the winter months the average number of men per section varies from a foreman and
one man to a foreman and two men, with the following present exceptions: Squamish, foreman
and four men; Mame, foreman and four men ; Quesnel, foreman and eight men.
In spite of the excessive mileage per man and the short season worked, commendable results
were obtained in the way of upkeep and betterments. Besides the usual work of track patrol,
etc., considerable work was done in the way of clearing and burning brush on the right-of-way,
fighting forest fires, and gauging, lining, and surfacing the track. During the year some 55,000
ties were put under, the result being a great improvement in track conditions. On various
sections the gangs did a small amount of ballasting, in most cases bringing the material on push-
cars from near-by cuts. A number of sections, notably Marne, Shallath, McKinnon, Pavilion,
and Lough Raymond, and Mons and Pemberton in a lesser degree, were troubled by slides, cleared
in most instances by the section-gang, and in some instances by the gang with the assistance of
either, or both, the extra gang or the ditcher.
We have on hand at present 51,500 ties, and of these 50,000 should be put under during the
coming year. Records of the past two years indicate that in all probability we will not be able
to handle more than that quantity unless special provision for doiug so is made. Considerable
work remains to be done in the spring in connection with road-bed repairs, necessitated by the
damage caused, by the October flood, and should any funds be available after same is completed
it could be spent to better advantage in track betterments other than tie renewals beyond the
quantity mentioned above. The Roadmasters are asking for 78,000 tie renewals during the
coming year.
If finances permit, it would be advisable to increase the length of the working season by
starting April 1st; to increase the size of a number of section-gangs by one or two men; to
increase the extra gang; and to operate the ditcher to a greater extent than during the past
season. The need of ballast at many points and the lifting of track at the approach to numerous
bridges should also be considered.
Upkeep of Buildings and Structures, other than Bridges.
The following work on buildings and structures, other than bridges, was done by the
B. and B. gangs during the year. B. & B. Gang No. 1 was composed of an average of eight
men throughout the year and attended principally to the upkeep of bridges, although an
appreciable amount of their time was taken up in assisting with the repairs to Squamish Dock
and later in the year in rendering splendid service helping to open the line after the October Z 12 British Columbia. - 1922
floods. B. and B. Gang No. 2 was composed of four men from June 18th to October 31st. This
gang did much of the work mentioned above and also looked after the upkeep of a number of
bridges where either the work or the isolated location of the bridge did not warrant the use of
the larger gang. B. and B. Gang No. 3 was composed of five men and was employed princpially
in wrecking and salvaging the Squamish Dock. This gang was also used to assist in opening the
line.    The three gangs were under the direction of B. and B. Master Dillon.
Repaired the roof of the dock warehouse; repaired and painted the roof of the oil-storage
tank at Squamish; roofed and painted extra-gang outfit cars; repaired the roofs of the B. and B.
outfit cars; repaired and made alterations to the eating-house at East Lillooet, including the
installation of a sink and drain-board and a number of structural changes; repaired, by replacing,
a broken pipe at the East Lillooet water-tank; repaired the end of the roundhouse at the same
place; repaired and extended station platform at Clinton; repaired and made alterations to the
stations at Clinton and Lillooet; repaired the roof of the warehouse; repaired and made alterations to the shop store; raised the warehouse and built loading-platform along same; repaired
and tightened the water-tank (all at Williams Lake) ; repaired roof of freight-shed at
Pemberton; repaired fence and gates at Squamish Docks; repaired sidewalk between office and
station at Squamish, and many small jobs of repairing at various points on the line, particularly
at Squamish in connection with the company dwelling-houses and other buildings.
Built on or put in a number of shelves and drawers, refitted seventeen doors and nineteen
windows, and repaired eight locks in company dwelling-houses; built railing, cupboard, shelving,
drawers, door, and coal-bin and repaired gutters at company office, Squamish; built ten bunks,
lined office-car, steamed out cars, and painted interiors of same with two coats (all for B. and B.
No. 1); built bunks, tables, benches, and shelves in outfit-car of B. and B. No. 2, and made table,
benches, shelves, and meat-safe for the ditcher cook-car; built sheds over the two winches at
the ferry-slip; built a new standard-plan warehouse at Pemberton; built 100 feet of stairway
to the pump-house at Williams Lake and made and hung two new gates at the stockyards at
the same place; put in two new gates, posts, and wings at the- stockyards at Mamquam and
braced a number of electric-light poles on the Squamish Dock approach; put in new freight door
and rehung old doors at the dock warehouse.
The station at Pavilion was.moved to a new location and a new foundation and platform
built. Two riens of the stockyards at Lough Raymond were taken down, moved, and rebuilt at
Clinton, at which point the station and freight-shed were moved back to standard distance and
a new warehouse was built. Supervised dismantling of stockyards at Tatton and the rebuilding
of same at Exeter. Jacked up Squamish section-house and repaired foundations. Took down
all doors, casings, frames, trims, windows, benches, scales, V-joint interior finish, and loaded
same in car, at Squamish Dock, after that structure was wrecked by floods in October; at same
point took down two-thirds of the warehouse, dismantled wrecked portion of the dock, and loaded
all material worth saving on to cars. Also salvaged baggage-trucks, oil-pipe line, castings, and
fittings of same, and salvaged and boomed ninety-eight good-order piles. Removed, with aid of
logging-donkey, the large drift and log-jam lodged by the flood along the ferry-slip from the
mooring-doiphins to the main line switch./
In addition to the foregoing, a considerable amount, of other work, difficult to classify, was
done. Mention of the principal items, however, will be found under other headings, such as
bridges, damage to road-bed and structures, cribbing, etc.
Upkeep of Bridges.
An extensive programme had been planned for the B. and B. gang for the past year.
Unfortunately it was impossible to complete in full the work laid out, for reasons outside of the
control of the B. and B. Master.
On June 6th eighty piles were scoured out from under the Squamish Dock, and the B. and
B. gang was called in to clear the wreckage, take up the deck, and in general prepare for the
pile-driver from Vancouver which had been engaged. On June 20th, while work was in progress,
another large number of piles went out, including some just driven, although penetration to
over 40 feet had been obtained. On July 20th 140 piles went out, there having been driven to
that date 183 piles, and only three piles remaining to complete the job. The front portion of
the dock was then cut off, a part of which was salvaged, in the hope of getting away from the
edge of the bar and the scouring action of the river.    The work of driving was completed on 12 Geo. 5
Department op Railways.
Z 13
August 20th, and the B. & B. gang finished the redecking and bracing about a week later. No
further trouble occurred until October 20th, on which date the dock was so badly wrecked that
it was useless. The damage occurred on each occasion on a very low tide with the river in
high flood. It is hopeless to try to maintain this dock in its present location unless the Squamish
River is diverted to the old west channel.
On each of the above occasions the B. and B. gang was called in as the pile-driving outfit
had neither sufficient men nor tools to cope with the situation. After the floods in late October
the B. and B. gangs were again called In to assist the N.C. Co. in the work of repairs to the
line between Squamish and Pemberton. On these and a number of minor occasions over two
months were lost in so far as getting on with the mapped-out programme was concerned.
All bridges between Squamish and Bridge 58.0, across the Lillooet River at Pemberton, were
gone over and tightened and such renewals and repairs as were found necessary made. These
included the entire redecking, as well as some new posts and caps, of Bridges 4.8 and 5.4; the
driving of forty-eight piles and other renewals at Cheekye Bridge; the renewal of thirteen pile
footings at Bridge 15.4; and the driving of odd piles and changing of posts here and there at
other bridges.
Between the Lillooet River Crossing and the town of Lillooet some immediately necessary
work was done on the following bridges: 65.3, 69.6, 79.1, 82.4, S4.7, and 118.1. None of the
remaining bridges on that part of the road were gone over during the year. They were, however, the last ones to be put in shape a year ago, and the B. and B. are now about to start in
on these bridges, working south .from Lillooet.
Work on the renewal of the footings under the Fraser River Bridge has been undertaken, but
interrupted on several occasions. To date twenty-three of the forty-three bents in the north
approach have had the pile-bent footings replaced by framed pony-bents on mud-blocks. This
work will be carried on as the opportunity presents until completed. Besides this work all
loose bolts in the approaches and deck were tightened and the north truss was tightened and
the truss-rods, adjusted.
Between East Lillooet and Pavilion all bridges were gone over. This work included some
heavy pile-footing renewals, the total number being 430; the greatest numbers put in one bridge
being 143 iu Bridge 13.7 and 122 in Bridge 14.4.
Of the bridges between Pavilion and Kelly Lake, only Bridges 20.3, 26.0, and 27.3 had work
done on them during the year; they, with those north to Williams Lake, having been put in
shape in the fall of 1920.
The bridges between Kelly Lake and the second south of Clinton were also found to be in fail-
condition. From there to Chasm the bridges were gone over and seventy-one new pile footings
put in.    Sixteen more are yet to go in.
Between Chasm and Williams Lake Bridges 72.0 and 140.0 were gone over. The remaining
bridges in that district needing attention soon are Bridges 74.5 and 155.28.
The bridges between Williams Lake and Quesnel are all practically new structures and were
tightened and attended to shortly prior to being turned over for operation. Some of these,
especially in the north, are on bad ground and need attention, being out of line and surface.,
During the year every pile footing between Squamish and Chasm was tested by boring,
the test being made from a foot to a foot and a half below the ground surface. Beyond Chasm
it was not found necessary to test all piles as they are comparatively new.
Besides the work indicated above, the B. and B. did a large amount of other work, as
maintained elsewhere. Had it not been for the two months spent by B. and B. gangs Nos. 1
and 2 on entirely unexpected work, there is no question that they would have covered all
bridges between Squamish and Williams Lake as intended. On account of the lost time and the
additional bridges to look after on the Williams Lake Subdivision it will be necessary to maintain"
B. and B. Gang No. 2 throughout the year.
Bridges between Squamish and Lillooet—Squamish Subdivision.
Bridge 0.0.—Squamish Dock. Pile-bents. Badly damaged by piles scouring out three times
during the past summer. Repaired by driving 266 piles ranging in length from 60 to 90 feet,
with penetration running from 20 to 45 feet. Original size of dock was: Length, east side, 183
feet; west side, 243 feet. At time of final damage front of dock cut off, 20 feet, being taken off
the east length and the west length cut back to within 15 feet of the pier shed.    Size of shed, Z 14 British Columbia. 1922
57 by 108 feet; width of dock, including loading-track and bunker, 112 feet. Work finished at
end of August. Dock completely wrecked by scouring on October 22nd, since which time two-
thirds of same has been pulled down and material worth saving has been salvaged. Now out
of commission.
Bridge 0.15.—Loading-track, Squamish Dock. Pile-bent trestle spur off dock approach.
Original length, 735 feet. Outer end back to point opposite centre of pier shed wrecked same
time as dock and now out of commission. Coal-cars can be placed to that point. Engines should
not pass inshore face of dock. Height, 20-30 feet (about 3 feet above high tide) ; number of
spans 49. Braces on Bents Nos. 7 and 21 broken and one pile in Bent No. 41 split. Piles are
of good size, tested, and found to be sound. Caps showing age. Good for some time yet. Has
been lined and shimmed.    Bolts are tight.    Other than as noted, bridge is in fair shape.
Bridge 0.2.—Ferry-slip at Squamish Dock. Pile-bent trestle with apron and towers at outer
end. Is a spur off dock approach. Length, 1,020 feet, and apron; number of spans, 66; height,
20-25 feet (about 6 feet above high tide). Not damaged by floods. Out of line and surface at
some points. Same general remarks apply here in regard to piles as in Bridge 0.15. Was
shimmed and lined once during year, but needs same again. One new pile needed. Towers
are in fair shape and same applies to the two protecting towers. Two old mooring-dolphins still
in place on west side. New dolphin driven on east side this year. All O.K. Slip is of poor
design and difficult and dangerous to operate. Considerable trouble keeping slip free of logs,
trees, and other drift brought down by the river. Caps showing signs of age. Bridge is tight
and in general in fair shape.
Bridge 0.3.—Approach to Squamish Dock. Pile-bent trestle, 3,275 feet long; height 5-30
feet (about 6 feet above high tide) ; number of spans, 218. Has been shimmed and lined during
year, but out in respect to both now. Loading-track joins at Bent No. 47 and the ferry-slip at
Bent No. 52. Many of the piles show some rot above high-water line, but not to serious extent,
except in two instances, where new piles are needed. Replaced eighteen broken ties and seven
caps during year. Caps show signs of age. All caps on this and two preceding structures will
have to be replaced during the next two years. Other timbers on this and preceding structures
O.K. Bridge is tight and in general in fair shape. Alignment on this and two preceding bridges
is tangent and curve.    No check-rails on any of them.
Note.—The term " in fair shape " as used above is somewhat misleading and is used only
after taking into consideration the conditions at those points. These bridges are operated at all
times under slow orders, but, as bridges, are more or less in poor condition. They cannot be
maintained in proper condition until the Middle Branch of the Squamish River is turned into
the old west channel.
Bridge 0.97.—Old Howe Sound & Northern trestle; now filled iu and no longer considered
as a bridge.    Length, 240 feet.
Bridge.—Newport Sawmills spur at Mile 1. Pile-bent trestle, consisting of log-dumping
track and spur loading-track off main spur. All put in first-class repair eighteen months ago.
Not used for six months. Engines do not go beyond loading-track head-block. Length of main
spur trestle, 635 feet (last 60 feet damaged by fire that destroyed mill) ; length of loading-track
trestle, 270 feet. Height of former, 12 feet; of latter, 6 feet. Number of bents in former, 43;
in latter, 18. Bridge is tight and timbers, braces, piles, and other features O.K. for the purpose
for which bridge is used.    Waterway, mill-pond, O.K.
Bridge.—Stuart Lake Shingle-mill spur, opposite Mile 1.15. Framed-bent trestle on mud-
blocks. Length, 135 feet; height, 6 feet; standard P.G.E. construction, except ties and guardrails. Waterway, mill-pond, O.K. Number of spans, 9. Outside footing of Bent No. 5 washed
out and bridge settled at that point. Mill is shut down. Spur has not been operated for over
a year.    Prohibition put on this bridge, to remain until repaired.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 2.5.—Pile-bent trestle across slough between Squamish and Mamquam Rivers.
Length, 585 feet; number of spans, 39; height, 17 feet. Waterway, tidal, O.K.; width, 450 feet
at high tide. Piles, barked fir, 14-17 inches, with up to 2Vi inches of rot in those on dry land;
those in water sound. All timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge tightened, lined, and shimmed
during the year. Alignment (tangent) good; surface good. Track off south end fair; off north
end low.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 3.6.—Pile-bent trestle over drainage-slough. Length, 45 feet; height, 15 feet; number
of spans, 3.    Alignment (curve) O.K.    Surface fair.    No check-rails or flanger-signs.    Piles, 14- 12 Geo. 5 Department op Railways. Z 15
16 inches; some sound; others have 1 % to 2% inches of rot.    All bolts and spikes tightened this
year.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge lf.15.—New pile-bent trestle constructed in December. Length, 75 feet; height, 13
feet; number of spans, 4 (one being 30 feet). All bents, except bulk-heads, sheeted up on both
sides. Watercourse, flood-waters from the Mamquam River, 45 feet wide. Needs heavy
riprapping. Piles, 11-12 inches, O.K. Ties, timbers and other features, O.K. Bridge is tight.
Some work yet to be done, such as guard-rails, etc. No check-rails nor flanger-signs. Alignment
(tangent) and surface good.    Track on and off, fair.
Bridge Jf.2.—Pile-bent trestle over stream 2 feet wide (12 feet wide in flood). Length, 60
feet; height, 15 feet; number of spans, 4. Waterway subject to scour and needs more riprap.
Piles, 14—18 inches. Most are sound; others have rot up to 2% inches; O.K. Bents Nos. 2 and
3 have had original ground surface scoured away to a depth of 4 feet. Some rot in ends of
stringers caused by dirt against right side, south end, and left side, north end. Rot in two or
three ties; not serious. Bridge tightened this year. Other ties, timbers, braces, etc., in good
condition. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. No check-rails nor flanger-signs. Other
features O.K., except track, on and off, is low.
Bridge 4-3-—Pile-bent trestle over dry watercourse (during floods subject to violent flow
from the Mamquam River). Length, 30 feet; height, 8 feet; number of spans, 2. Piles, 14-16
inches, with up to 2 inches of rot; O.K. Middle bent has had earth scoured away to depth of 4 feet.
More riprap needed. This stream could be blocked off by fill on old main line at gravel-pit spur
and by 60 feet crib on the Mamquam. All timbers, braces, ties, etc., sound and O.K. Bridge
has been gone over and tightened this year. Alignment (tangent) fair and surface good. Track
on and off, low.    No check-rails.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 4.6.—Pile-bent trestle. Waterway, 6 feet wide, drainage-creek, O.K. Piles, 14r-16
inches, with up to 2 inches of rot; O.K. Length, 30 feet; number of spans, 2; height, 6 feet above
water. Piles in water all sound. Bridge has been gone over and tightened this year. Timbers,
braces, ties, etc., sound and O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface O.K. Track on and off,
low.    No check-rails nor flanger-signs.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in. general in good condition.
Bridge 4.8.—Rebuilt framed-bent trestle on pile footings in water. Three new posts put in
each bent and three old caps replaced. Entire new standard deck. Work done this year.
Bulk-head bents originally pile-bents, now replaced with new caps and M.B. Piles, 14-16 inches,
all sound. Alignment (tangent) good and surface O.K. No check-rails. Other features O.K.
Track on and off, slightly low. Bridge in general now O.K. Length, 45 feet; spans, 3.7 feet
high.
Bridge .5.//.—Rebuilt framed-bent trestle on pile footings in water. Waterway, slow-moving
stream 16 feet wide and 3 feet deep, which runs lengthwise of the bridge for 180 feet; O.K.
Length, 195 feet; number of spans, 13; height, 10 feet above water. Rebuilt this year in identical
manner to Bridge 4.8. Five new caps put on. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track
on and off, low.    Piles all large and sound.    No flanger-signs.    Bridge in general now O.K.
Bridge 9.7.—Originally six 30-foot spans on rock-filled log cribs, which were reinforced last
spring by two sheated-in pile-bents, with new bridge-seats, at each pier. Three south spans and
130 feet of road-bed at south end washed out by October flood. Now being rebuilt and repaired
by 125-foot through Howe truss and temporary pile-bent approach, to be filled later, at south '
end. New bridge when completed will have, besides the truss span, one new 30-foot approach
span at south and three original 30-foot approach spans at north end. Length will be 245 feet;
number of spans, 5; height, 15 feet. Last three spans and footings at north end O.K., but need
riprap. North bulkhead needs reinforcement to fill and protection. Stream to be diverted to
more or less its old location. Riprap at south approach will be needed and three, or possibly
four, river-protection cribs will have to be built. Piers for new truss are of piles enclosed in
12- by 12-inch square timbers, protected by wire-woven rock and brush mats. Work now under
way without hold-up to traffic. Alignment (spiral and tangent) and surface will be O.K. Track
on and off, low. Waterway, Cheekye River, a mountain stream subject to violent floods. Width,
30 feet.    (160 feet in flood).    Considerable drift above bridge to be bucked up.
Bridge 9.8.—Pile-bent trestle over dry waterway. Length, 45 feet; height, 15 feet; number
of spans, 3. Piles, barked cedar and fir of good size, have rot up to 1% inches; O.K. Two new
bulk-head caps put in and bridge tightened this year. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment
(tangent) good and surface fair. Track on and off, low. No check-rails. Other features O.K.
Bridge generally O.K. Z 16
British Columbia.
1922
Bridge 11.6.—Pile-bent trestle across Tenderfoot Creek. Length, 45 feet; number of spans,
3; height, 12 feet. Waterway, creek 10 feet wide, O.K. Riprap O.K. Piles, 12-14 inches; those
in south bulk-head have rot to 1 % inches; those in water and north bulk-head are sound. Both
bulk-head bents properly shimmed and whole bridge gone over and tightened during the year.
Timbers, ties, and braces, O.K. Alignment (spiral) and surface good. No tie-plates nor check-
rails.    No flanger-sigu at north end.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 13.0.—Pile-bent trestle over wet swale. Length, 60 feet; height, 9 feet; number of
spans, 4. Piles, 12-14 inches, with rot from 1 to 2 inches; O.K. Rot in end of stringers at
south bulk-head and in one at north bulk-head. Has been taken care of by putting in auxiliary
caps. Cap of Bent No. 2 has been renewed. Whole bridge lined, tightened, and shimmed this
year. Ties (16 inches on centres), timbers, and braces now O.K. Alignment (spiral) and
surface good.    No tie-plates nor check-rails.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 15.1/.—Across Swift Creek Canyon. Deck Howe truss, 100 feet long, with sixteen
trestle approach spans at south end and thirteen trestle approach spans at north end. Total
length, 535 feet; number of spans, 30. Highest approach bent at south, 2% stories; at north,
1% stories. Height of rail above water, approximately 80 feet. North approach composed of
framed bents on M.B. South approach composed as follows: First four are pile-bents, next five
are framed bents on pile footings, and last eight are framed bents on M.B. M.B. are O.K.
Piles, 12-14 inches; some had rot up to 3% inches and one was completely gone. Thirteen new
pile and mud-block footings put in this year to replace rotted piles. All timbers, ties, braces,
posts, sills, caps, etc., in approaches and truss O.K. Whole bridge gone over this year and
tightened throughout and truss-rods adjusted. Compression members O.K. Some bottom chord-
joints slightly open. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Lateral connections O.K.
Line and camber good. A number pf new braces put on this year. Alignment (curve) and
surface good.    Other features O.K.
Bridge.—Two 30-foot spans with log approaches across Swift Creek and other log structures
on Day's logging-spur have been dismantled during the year and the spur taken up.
Bridge 17.3.—Framed, trestle on M.B. Length, 405 feet; number of spans, 26; height, up
to 2% stories. All spans are 15 feet, except one of 30 feet over the old wagon-road. Waterway,
small creek through culvert, O.K. Timbers, ties, braces, guard-rails, etc., O.K. Bridge has been
gone over this year and lined, shimmed, and tightened. Alignment (tangent and curve) and
surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 17.6.—Framed trestle on M.B. M.B.'s are hewed fir and cedar and are O.K. Length,
345 feet; number of spans, 23; height, up to 2 stories. No waterway (dry gulch). Bridge gone
over this year and lined, shimmed, and tightened. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment
(tangent and curve) and surface good. Track off north end, low; off south end, fair. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 17.83.—Framed trestle on M.B., which are O.K. At south portal of tunnel No. 2.
No waterway (rock gulch). Length, 165 feet; height, 40 feet; number of spans, 11. Has been
damaged at various times by falling rock from overhanging lava-flow. Some timbers, ties, etc.,
more or less surface-damaged on account of same. Bent No. 2 has been blocked and shimmed
on account of same and sluffing of rock under footings. Should be watched. Would be better
to take out Bent No. 2 and put 30-foot span between Bents Nos. 1 and 3. Bridge gone over this
year and tightened. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 17.9.—Framed trestle on M.B. across rock gulch between Tunnels Nos. 2 and 3. M.B.,
O.K. Length, 45 feet; number of spans, 3; height, 15 feet. Bridge has been gone over and
tightened this year. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. No waterway. Alignment (tangent) and
surface good. Track on and off, good. Other features O.K. Bridge in general is in good
condition.
Bridge 1S.0.—Framed bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Across rock gulch at north
portal of Tunnel No. 3. No waterway. Length, 225 feet; number of spans, 15; height, up to
2 stories. Bridge has been gone over this year and two new sway-braces and one diagonal put
on; also lined, shimmed, and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent)
and surface good. South end partially filled in with rock from tunnel cave-in two years ago.
Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K. "Bridge in general in good condition. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 17
Bridge 18.1.—Framed trestle on M.B. over rock gulch and rock-slide. M.B. are O.K.
Length, 615 feet; height, up to 3 stories; number of spans, 41. Waterway, none. Near centre
footings are on rock-fill supported by log cribs, which are showing age, but still apparently safe.
This portion of the bridge was knocked out by a large rock-slide a number of years ago. Still
danger from a recurrence of same. On January 1st, 1920, 135 feet of the south end of this
bridge was destroyed by a rock-fall from outside the right-of-way. Still occasional rocks coming
down, now and again causing damage to odd posts and braces. Constant watch kept. All trains
under orders to approach this bridge prepared to stop. Bridge has been gone over during the
year and shimmed and tightened, and one new post, five new diagonals, two girts, and one sway-
brace were put in. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, a little low. Many
of footings buried in rock-slide. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Other features O.K. Bridge
in general in good condition.
Bridge 18.2,—Deck Howe truss, 60 feet, with framed six-bent trestle approach spans at the
south end and one framed-bent trestle approach spans at the north end; all on M.B., which are
O.K. Across rock gulch. No waterway. Length over all 170 feet; height of approaches, up to
1 story; number of spans, 8. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened throughout,
including truss and adjusting of tension members of same. Footings, posts, sills, caps, stringers,
ties, timbers, braces, and bridge-seats, O.K. Tension members good. Braces and counters O.K.
Upper and lower chords, floor-beams, and laterals, O.K. Castings, gib-plates, etc., and all
compression members, O.K. Line and camber good. Other features O.K. Track on and off,
fair.    Alignment (tangent) and surface good.    Bridge is in good shape.
Bridge 18.3.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. across rock gulch. No waterway. M.B. are O.K.
Length, 150 feet; height, up to 2 stories; number of spans, 10. Bridge has been gone over this
year. Was tightened and had a number of anchor-bolts changed. Posts, sills, caps, ties,
stringers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features
O.K.    Bridge is O.K.
Bridge I8.4.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. across rock gulch. No waterway. M.B. are O.K.
Length, 240 feet; height, up to 1 story and cripple. Bridge gone over this year and tightened.
Two new diagonals put in. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Line and surface good. Track off
north end, good; off south end, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general is in good condition.
Bridge 19.1.—Deck Howe truss, 130 feet, with nine framed-bent trestle approach spans at
south end on M.B. and five framed-bent trestle approach spans at north end. This bridge entirely
destroyed by forest fire two years ago. Present structure built new at that time. M.B. are O.K.
Towers are framed, the one at the north being about 6 feet high and resting on rock shelf and
that on the south is 2 stories high and supported on rock-filled timber abutment resting on concrete
base. Highest approach bent (on south) is 3 stories. Length over all, 340 feet; number of
spans, 15. Waterway, Cheakamus River, near upper end of canyon. Riprap and bench-walls
O.K. All ties, timbers, caps, sills, braces, etc., in approaches and truss O.K. Alignment (curve,
spiral, tangent, and spiral) and surface good. Whole bridge has been gone over this year and
tightened and truss-rods adjusted. Upper and lower chords O.K. and joints tight. Lateral
systems O.K. Tension members and compression members O.K. Castings, gib-plates, clamps,
keys, etc., O.K.    Other features O.K.    Track on and off, fair.    Bridge is O.K..
Bridge 21.5,—Combined framed-and pile-bent trestle across stream. Length, 60 feet; height,
12 feet; number of spans 3, including one of 30 feet. Waterway needs riprap at upper side,
south end of bridge, where bank is subject to scour, riles, 11-14 inches, and M.B. are O.K.
Bridge gone over this year and tightened. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent)
and surface fair.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.    Bridge is in good condition.
Bridge 21.7.—Pile-bent trestle over mountain-stream. Length, 60 feet; height, 12 feet;
number of spans, 4. Was damaged, but now repaired by thirteen new piles, one set of posts,
and M.B. a little over a year ago. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened, shimmed,
and had more new mud-blocks put in. Waterway is O.K. Piles are 12-16 inches and O.K.
Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, fair. Other features O.K. Bridge
in good condition.
Bridge 24.1.—Deck Howe truss, 100 feet, with two trestle approach spans, framed on M.B.,
and three trestle approach spans, framed on M.B. at north, across Cypress Creek. Waterway,
large stream, O.K. Length over all, 180 feet; number of spans, 0; height, about 40 feet above
water.    Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened, including the adjustment of truss- rods. Guard-rails, ties, stringers, floor-beams, caps, posts, sills, braces, other timbers, and M.B.
are O.K. Bottom chords O.K. Compression members and laterals O.K. Castings, gib-plates,
clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Tension members O.K. Bearings O.K. Line and camber good. Water-
barrels, check-rails, flanger-signs, etc., O.K. Bench and wing-walls O.K. Alignment (curve)
and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge is O.K.
Bridge 25.2.—Pile-bent trestle across small slough stream at water-tank. Waterway O.K.
Length. 30 feet; height, about 5 feet. Was originally two spans of 15 feet, then four spans of
7% feet. Was badlj7 blocked and shimmed. Has been gone over during the year, and repaired
about eighteen months ago by driving thirteen new piles and replacing three caps. Now tight
and in good order. Piles are O.K. Ties, timbers, etc., are O.K. No check-rails or sign-boards.
Alignment (tangent)  and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 26.6.—Framed trestle on M.B. and pile footings across low ground. Waterway,
small brook, O.K. Length, 405 feet; height, up to 1% stories full; number of spans, 27. Fourteen
bents on M.B. and same number on pile footings. M.B. are O.K. Piles, 11-16 inches, with rot
up to 1 inch; O.K. Bridge gone over during the year and tightened and shimmed and one new
post and several new M.B. put in. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) fair
and surface good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.    Bridge is in good shape.
Bridge 27.0.—Framed trestle on M.B. across Olive Creek. Length, 315 feet; height, up to
2 full stories; number of spans, 20, including one 30-foot skew supported on double-bent towers,
which stand on rock-filled square timber cribs. M.B. and cribs are O.K. Waterway, large
stream, subject to floods, O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and shimmed and tightened.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, fair.
Bench and wing-walls O.K.    Other features O.K.    Bridge is in good condition.
Bridge 28.2.—Deck Howe truss, 60 feet, with three framed trestle approach spans at each
end, all on M.B. Length over all, 150 feet; height, about 60 feet above water. Across top of
Brandywine Falls on river of same name. Framed towers on sills and cribs O.K. Footings O.K.
Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened throughout, including adjusting the truss-
rods ; also shimmed where needed. Ties, caps, sills, posts, stringers, braces, timbers, etc., in both
truss and approaches, O.K. Chords, compression members, laterals, tension members, etc., O.K.
Castings, gib-plates, etc., O.K. Floor-beams, bearings, etc., O.K. Line and camber good. Bench
and wing-walls O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other
features O.K.    Bridge is in good shape.
Bridge 30.5.—Through Howe truss, 125 feet, without approach spans. Length, 125 feet;
height, 15 feet; number of spans, 1. Waterway, North Fork of the Cheakamus River 80 feet
wide, O.K. Pile towers O.K. All timbers throughout, including seats, O.K. Bottom chords
O.K. Some bottom chord-joints open. Floor system O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year
and tightened, including the adjustment of truss-rods. Tension and compression members O.K.
Laterals O.K. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Line and camber O.K. Alignment
(tangent) and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 32.5.—Framed-bent trestle across dry gulch, all on M.B., except eight centre bents,
which are on 12 to 10-inch cedar pile footings. Piles have rot up to 1|4 inches; O.K. M.B.
are O.K. Length, 300 feet; height, up to 2 stories and pile-bent cripple; number of spans, 20.
A number of bents in south half have 2-iuch shims on the M.B., apparently original construction.
Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened throughout. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Paving and riprap O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface fair. Other features O.K. Track
on and off, slightly low.    Bridge is in good shape.
Bridge 33.75.—Pile-bent trestle across stream Length, 60 feet; height, 9 feet; number of
spans, 4. Piles, 12-14 inches O.K. Both bulk-heads are on M.B. and O.K. Waterway, creek
(30 feet wide in flood), O.K. Riprap O.K. Bridge was gone over this year and tightened, one
new cap put in, and both bulk-heads shimmed. Ties, timbers, braces, etc.. O.K. Track on and
off, low. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Other features O.K. Bridge is in good
condition.
Bridge 33.8.—Pile-bent trestle across Miller Creek. South bulk-head is on M.B., which are
O.K. Length, 120 feet; height, 7 feet; number of spans, 8. Piles are in water and O.K., except
north bulk-head, where they have rot to % inch; also O.K. Bridge gone over this year.
Tightened and shimmed. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K. Track ou and off, low. Other features, including waterway, large stream, and riprap, O.K.
Bridge is O.K. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 19
Bridge 34-3.—Pile-bent trestle across Miller Creek. Length, 150 feet; height, 8 feet above
water; number of spans, 10. Waterway, stream (20 feet wide and 5 feet deep when in flood),
and riprap O.K. Piles, 13-15 inches; those in water sound; those in balk-heads have rot to 1
inch; O.K. Bridge was gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track off south end good; off north end, low. Other
features O.K.    Bridge in general is in good condition.
Bridge 35.4.—New bridge, built in December this year, over small creek subject to heavy
flood. Length, 15 feet; height, 10 feet; number of spans, 1. On M.B. and sills on rock-filled
log cribs with wings. Waterway, small creek, and riprap O.K. Guard-rails yet to go on. Ties
and timbers new and O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, a little
low.
Bridge 38.1.—Pile-bent trestle across large slow stream at Rainbow Lodge. Length, 75 feet;
height, 7 feet; number of spans, 5. Waterway, 35 feet, stream to Alta Lake, O.K. Piles, 13-16
inches, have rot in bulk-head bents to % inch; those in water sound; O.K. Bridge was gone
over this year and tightened and a number of guard-rail and anchor-bolts replaced. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Bridge
is O.K.
Bridge 38.5.—Pile-bent trestle across dead slough. Length, 30 feet; height, 7 feet; number
of spans, 2. Waterway O.K. Piles, 13-15 inches, have got rot in bulk-head bents to 1 inch (one
pile to 3 inches) ; those in water sound; O.K. Has been gone over this year and repairs similar
to Bridge 38.1 were effected.. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good.
Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 38.6'.—Pile-bent trestle over dead-water slough. Length, 120 feet; height, 4 feet;
number of spans, 8. Bridge gone over this year and rotten caps and piles of bulk-head bents
replaced by new caps and M.B. Piles in water, 13-18 inches, sound. Bridge tightened. Ties,
timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) good. Surface good. Track on and off, low. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 38.8.—Pile-bent trestle across dead-water slough. Length, 75 feet; height, 5 feet
above water; number of spans, 5. Piles, 12-15 inches, O.K. Waterway O.K. Bridge has been
gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface
good.    Other features O.K.    Bridge is O.K.    Track on and off, low.
Bridge 38.9.—Pile-bent trestle across outflow from Alta Lake to Green Lake. Length, 90
feet; height, 5 feet above water; number of spans, 6. Waterway, stream 75 feet wide, O.K.
Piles, 11-15 inches, with % to 1 inch of rot in bulk-head bents, O.K. Bridge has been gone over
this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good.
Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 39.7.—Pile-bent trestle over swale. Length, 60 feet; height, 5 feet; number of spans,
4. Piles, 13-16 inches, with % inch of rot in those of south bulk-head, O.K. Waterway, wet
swale, O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K.*
Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features O.K. Bridge is
in good condition.
Bridge 39.8.—Pile-bent trestle across swale. Length, 60 feet; height, 5 feet; number of
spans, 4. Piles, 13-16 inches, with % inch of rot in those of south bulk-head, O.K. Waterway,
wet swale, O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K.
Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features O.K. Bridge is
in good condition.
Bridge 40.0.—Pile-bent trestle across swale. Length, 60 feet; height, 5 feet; number of
spans, 4. Piles, 12-14 inches, with % inch of rot in those of both bulk-heads, O.K. Waterway,
wet swale, O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and Lined and tightened. Ties, timbers,
etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features O.K.
Bridge in good shape.
Bridge J/0.5.—Pile-bent trestle across Fitzsimmous Creek. Length, 135 feet; height, 6 feet
above water; number of spans, 9. Waterway, double, O.K. Piles, 12-16 inches, with % inch
of rot in those of south bulk-head; others, in water, sound; O.K. Bridge has been gone over
this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface
good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 42.3.—Pile-bent trestle across a portion of Green Lake. Length, 270 feet; height, 6
feet above water; number of spans, 18.    Piles, 12-15 inches, with sap-rot only in those in dry Z 20 British Columbia. 1922
ground. Waterway O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track ou and off, low. Other
features O.K.    Bridge is O.K.
Bridge 43.5.—Pile-bent and log-pier trestle across Wedge Mountain Creek. Original length,
90 feet; height, 10 feet; number of spans, 3 (30 feet each). South bulk-head bent and Span
No. 1 washed out, together with 60 feet of road-bed at south end during the October flood. That
portion of road-bed and bridge replaced by temporary trestle from material cut close by. Sixty-
foot Howe truss will replace No. 1 span and portion of old road-bed. Remainder of road-bed
has been rock-filled. Truss will be built as soon as gang finishes at Cheekye. Will then be:
Length, 120 feet; height, 10 feet; and number of spans, 3. Piers in midstream are rock-filled
log cribs, sound except No. 1. damaged by flood. This pier will be replaced by new truss-pier
crib. Bridge was gone over this year. Now under slow order. Out of line and surface.
Alignment (tangent).    Riprap and river-protection cribs needed.    Track on and off, low.
Bridge 43.7.—Pile-bent trestle across 10-foot creek. Length, 30 feet; height, 10 feet; number
of spans, 2. AVaterway needs riprap and fill at north bulk-head account scoured. Piles, 12-14
inches, with rot in end bents to 1% inches, O.K. Bridge gone over this year and tightened.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 44-1-—Through Howe truss, 125 feet, without approach bents, across Green River.
Length, 125 feet; height, 10 feet; number of spans, 1. Waterway O.K. Bridge-seats on pile-
bents. Piles, 12-14 inches, with rot up to 1 inch in some; others sound; O.K. Bridge has been
gone over this year and tightened throughout, including adjusting the truss-rods. All ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Floor-beams, stringers, bearings, laterals, compression members, etc.,
O.K. Some lower chord-joints open. Tension members O.K. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys,
etc., O.K. Line and camber good. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off,
fair.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good shape.
Bridge 48.4.—Through Howe truss, 150 feet, across Soo River, with twenty-one frame-bent
spans on M.B. and thirty frame-bent spans on piles in the south approach, and three frame-
bent spans on M.B. and one frame-bent span on piles in the north approach. Length over all,
980 feet; height of approaches, up to 1 story and cripple; number of spans, 56. Height above
water, 30 feet. Piles, 12-16 inches, with rot' up to 1 inch in those on dry ground only, O.K.
Waterway O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened throughout, including
adjusting the truss-rods. Also one new diagonal and one sway-brace put on. Ties, timbers,
posts, M.B., caps, sills, stringers, braces, and truss timbers O.K. Compression and tension
members O.K. Laterals O.K. Pile towers, with rot to 1 inch, and bridge-seats O.K. Castings,
gib-plates, clamp's, keys, etc., O.K. Lower chord O.K. Line and camber good. Alignment
(curve and tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, fair. Other features O.K. Bridge
in general is in good condition.
Bridge 52.3.—Through Howe truss, 125 feet, across 6-Mile Creek, without approach spans.
Length, 125 feet; height above water, 16 feet; number of spans, 1. Framed spans on M.B. O.K.
Waterway O.K." Riprap O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year and tightened through,
including adjusting the truss-rods. Ties, timbers, floor-beams, bridge-seats, braces, stringers,
and other timbers O.K. Lower chords O.K.; joints tight. Tension, compression, and laterals
O.K.; some of laterals poorly framed. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Line and
camber good. Alignment (tangent) and surface O.K. Track off south end, fair; off north end,
low.    Other features O.K.    Bridge in general in good condition.
Bridge 53.6.—Pile-bent trestle across dry gulch. Length, 75 feet; height, 15 feet; number
of spans, 5. Piles, 12-14 inches, cedar and fir, witli rot up to 2 inches. One pile in north
bulk-head completely gone; needs new one. Bridge gone over this year and tightened. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 57.1.—Pile-beut trestle across 1-Mile Creek at Pemberton. Length, 135 feet; height,
12 feet; number of spans, 9. Waterway, mountain stream subject to violent floods; more or
less choked up since the October flood with logs and trees, which will have to be cleared as
soon as the ice and snow permit. Log-jam against bridge. Channel needs cleaning. Several
river-protection cribs needed in early spring. Bridge needs more rip-rap. Piles, 12-16 inches,
sound, those in south bulk-head being new and driven this year.    Bridge has been gone over this 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 21
year and tightened; also one new cap put in. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve
and tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features O.K. Bridge in general
in good shape.
Bridge 5S.0.—Across the Lillooet River at Pemberton. One 00-foot, one 150-foot, and one
100-foot through Howe-truss spans, with 189 pile-bent approach spans at the south and five
pile-bent approach spans at the north, of which one has been reinforced by posts and M.B. on
account of rot. Needs new bent driven. Piles in south approach are in wet ground and have
rot to % inch; O.K. Those in north approach have rot to 2 inches and 0,K-, except as noted.
Piles in bridge towers O.K. Piles in general, 14-18 inches, barked cedar, and O.K. Length of
bridge over all, 3,220 feet; height, 17 feet; number of spans, 197. North and south bulk-heads
are on M.B., have had one cap changed, have been properly blocked and shimmed, and whole
bridge tightened throughout, including adjusting the truss-rods, this year. Waterway, 300 feet
'wide (350 feet in flood), O.K. Riprap O.K. Ties, timbers, caps, stringers, floor-beams, bridge-
seats, truss timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Tension and compression members and laterals O.K.
Some lower chord-joints open. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Line and camber
good. Alignment (tangent, curve, and tangent) and surface good. Other features O.K. Track
on and off, very low.    Bridge, except as noted, is in good condition.
Bridge 58.8.—Pile-bent trestle over slough. Length, 60 feet; height, 16 feet; number of
spans, 4. Waterway O.K. Piles are barked fir, 14-16 inches, with up to 3 inches of rot in
bulk-head bents; others all sound. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and curve good. No cheek-rails or plates.
Track on and off, a little low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 64,3.—Through Howe truss, 100 feet, across Owl Creek, with one pile-bent approach
span at each end. Piles in towers are in riprap and creek and from such examination as could
be made appear sound. Piles in south bulk-head have rot to 3 inches; those in north bulkhead from 2 to 5 inches. Bridge not gone over this year, except to the extent of tightening
all bolts and putting in temporary posts and M.B. at bulk-heads to serve until eight 25-foot piles
can be driven. Length over all, 130 feet; height, 15 feet; number of spans, 3. Waterway subject
to violent floods. Ties, guard-rails, caps, stringers, floor-bsams, braces, bearings, and all other
timbers O.K., except two new caps needed at bulk-heads. Wing-walls, cribs, and riprap O.K.
Government Hatchery cribs damaged. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Compression
members and laterals O.K. Tension members need adjusting. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys,
etc., O.K. Many joints of lower chords open to extent of 1/16 to 1/8 inch. Line O.K. Camber
fair, but a little uneven in spots.    Track on and off, slightly low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 65.3.—Through Howe truss, 130 feet, across Birkenhead River, with two pile-bent
trestle approach bents at each end. Length over all, 190 feet; height, 15 feet; number of spans,
5. Waterway, 110 feet wide, O.K. All on barked fir piles, 12-13 inches, with rot up to 3 and
in one instance to 5 inches. Twenty long M.B. put in during the year and twenty-four 12- by
12- by 8-foot posts and M.B. reinforcements were also put in the towers. Otherwise bridge cnly
gone over to the extent of tightening all bolts. Ties, guard-rails, stringers, floor-beams, bearings,
braces, caps, and all timbers in general O.K. Bottom chords O.K. and joints tight. Tension
members need adjusting. Upper and lower laterals O.K. Compression members O.K. Line
and camber good. Alignment (tangent) slightly out on north end. Surface good. No tie-plates.
Track on and off, a little low.    Riprap O.K.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 69.6.—Pile-bent trestle across mountain stream subject to heavy floods. Length, 75
feet; height, 8 feet; number of spans, 5. Waterway, scattered stream 70 feet wide. South
bulk-head was riprapped this year. Needs river-protection crib above same. Other than as
noted, no work done on this bridge during the year. Piles, 12-13 inches, with rot in a few to
% inch. Bridge needs tightening. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (spiral) and surface
good.    Track on and off, low.    No tie-plates.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 70.3.—Pile-bent trestle across mountain-stream. Length, 45 feet; height, 7 feet;
number of spans, 3. Waterway, scattered stream 20 feet wide, O.K. Riprap O.K. Piles, 12-13
inches, with 1% inches of rot in bulk-head bents, O.K. Good for one year yet. Others sound.
Bridge not gone over this year. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Bridge needs tightening. Alignment
(tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, low. No check-rails nor tie-plates. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 71.3.—Pile-bent trestle across Pool Creek. Length, 45 feet; height, 8 feet; number
of spans, 3.    Waterway, stream 10 feet wide and 2 feet deep, O.K.    Riprap O.K.    Bridge has not been gone over this year. Piles, 12-14 inches, with rot in south bulk-head to 2 inches and in
last two bents at north to 3 inches. Needs twelve short M.B. and two new caps in bulk-heads
in spring. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Needs one new pile-bent. Bridge needs tightening.
Track on and off, low. No tie-plates nor check-rails. Other features O.K. Alignment (tangent)
and surface good.
Bridge 74-5.—Pile-bent trestle across mountain stream. Length, 45 feet; height, 0 feet;
number of spans, 3. Waterway, stream 5 feet wide (40 feet in flood), needs riprap under
bridge at north bulk-head. Bridge not gone over this year. Piles, 12-14 inches, with rot in
bulk-head and No. 2 bents to 2 inches; others sound. North bulk-head cap to be replaced and
one split guard-rail to be replaced. Bridge needs tightening and shimming. Other timbers,
ties, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) O.K. Surface a little low at centre. Track on and off,
fair.    No check-rails nor tie-plates.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 78.4-—Pile-bent trestle at Gates Ranch. Length, 60 feet; height, 6 feet; number of'
spans, 4. Waterway, dry wash the width of the bridge-length, subject to sudden and violent
floods, carrying great quantities of broken-rock debris. Riprap and protection-cribs O.K., but
need constant watching. Bridge not gone over this year. Needs tightening and two new caps
and eight 25-foot piles for the bulk-heads. Other timbers, ties, etc., O.K. Piles, 12-14 inches,
with from nothing to 1 inch of rot, except in the bulk-head bents, were there is rot of from 2
to 3 inches.    Alignment (curve) and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 79.1.—Combined frame and pile-bent trestle across dry gulch. Length, 135 feet;
height, up to 1 story. Waterway, none. Originally all on pile footings. First two bents at south
and last three at north, including bulk-heads, are pile-bents. Twelve 25-foot, four 30-foot, and
four 35-foot piles now on ground to replace these bents in the spring. Bridge not gone over
this year, except to the extent of putting M.B. under one bent. All pile-bents are on piles with
auxiliary M.B. Piles light, 11-12 inches, with varying degrees of rot. Thirty-five more 3-foot
M.B. to be put hi in the spring. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge needs tightening
and shimming at Bent No. 3. Alignment (curve) good. Surface low at Bent No. 3. Track on
and off, very low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 81.3.—Pile-bent trestle across Anderson Creek. Length, 60 feet; height, 7 feet above
water; number of spans, 4. Waterway, slow-moving stream 20 feet wide and 3 feet deep, O.K.
Piles, 11-13 inches, cedar; those in water all sound; those in bulk-heads have up to 3 inches of
rot and should be redriven in the spring. South bulk-head cap needs replacing. Bridge not gone
over this year; needs tightening. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and
surface O.K.    Track on and off, very low.    No tie-plates nor check-rails.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 82.4-—Pile-bent trestle across stream. Length, 30 feet; height, 7 feet; number of
spans, 2. Waterway, stream 6 feet wide (20 feet iff flood), O.K. Riprap O.K. Piles in bulkheads small and rotted to 2% to 3 inches; have been temporarily taken care of by blocking.
Eight new piles to be put in in the spring, as well as two new caps. Piles in water O.K. Other
timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening and lining.
Alignment (tangent) out. Surface good. Track on and off, very low. No tie-plates nor check-
rails.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 83.1.—Pile-bent trestle across mountain stream. Length, 45 feet; height, 5 feet;
number of spans, 3. Waterway, stream 40 feet wide. Riprap and protection-cribs O.K. Piles,
11-13 inches, all iu water, are sound. Those in north bulk-head driven about a year ago; those
in south bulk-head have rot to 2 inches. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening. Ail
timbers, ties, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, very low.
No tie-plates nor check-rails.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 84-7-—Through Howe truss, 100 feet, across Anderson Creek, with one trestle
approach span at south end and two trestle approach spans at north end. All on piles. Length
over all, 145 feet; height, 12 feet; number of spans, 4. Piles in towers O.K. Piles 12-13
inches; those in bulk-heads (in dry ground) have rot to 3 and in one ease 4 inches. These have
been temporarily reinforced by posts and M.B. In the first and second bents north and the south
bulk-head twelve new 25-foot piles will be driven; same now on ground. Two new caps will
also be put in. Other than temporary work, bridge not gone over this year. Waterway, 30
feet wide (100 feet in flood), O.K. Riprap, crib, and wing-walls O.K. Other than the two caps
to be replaced, ail timbers throughout, approaches and truss are sound and O.K. Braces O.K.
Compression and tension members O.K.    Laterals O.K.    Chords, floor system, seats, etc., O.K. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 23
Whole bridge needs tightening and truss-rods need adjusting. Line and camber good. Castings, gib plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) out slightly on north approach.
Surface good.    No tie-plates.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge S7.S.—Framed-bent trestle across small mountain stream. Original bridge here
carried out a few years ago by a slide. Present bridge is comparatively new. Length, 60 feet;
height, 16 feet; number of spans, 4. Waterway, stream 4 feet wide, O.K. Construction is of
piles and round cedar posts, 14—16 inches, on combined M.B. and pile footings. Piles, 11-12
inches, have rot to 3 inches, and four new 20-foot piles are needed in the bulk-head bents. Six
new 3-foot M.B. also needed. First bents out from each end have one batter-post each. All
ties, timbers, braces, etc., are O.K. Bridge has not been gone over this year. Alignment (curve)
good. Surface out. Rail next to hillside shimmed. Shims should be taken out and bents
shimmed as follows: Centre-bent, % inch; next north, 1% inches; and north bulk-head, 2 inches.
Track on and off, low. No tie-plates nor check-rails. Two new caps needed at bulk-heads.
Other features O.K.
Bridge SS.41-—Deck Howe truss, 00 feet, across rock gap and portion of Anderson Lake, with
one 15-foot approach span at south end and one 12-foot approach span at north end. Waterway,
lake, O.K. Length 87 feet; height, about 25 feet above water; number of spans, 3. All on M.B.,
which are O.K. New cap needed on north bulk-head. Bridge not gone over this year; needs
tightening and adjusting of truss-rods. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., throughout sound and O.K.,
except south end of lower chord, which was covered by slide and has skin-rot; not dangerous.
Tension members need adjusting. Compression members and laterals O.K. Bearings O.K. Castings, plates, etc., O.K. South end bulk-head rests on log crib, O.K. Line and camber good.
Alignment (curve)  and surface good.    Track on and off, low.
Bridge 88.46.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K.    Length, 120 feet, number of
spans, 8; height, 30 feet.    AVaterway, none.    Danger here from falling rocks.    Bridge not gone
' over this year.    One new diagonal needed.    AH other timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K.    Bridge
needs tightening.    North bulk-head on log crib O.K.    Track on and off, low.    Alignment (curve)
and surface good.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 8S.9.—Should be 8S.93. Framed trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 150 feet;
height, 1 story; number of spans, 10. No waterway. Bridge not gone over this year. Two
new sway-braces needed. Other timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. North bulk-head on log crib
O.K. Bridge needs tightening. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, fair.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 89.77.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K., except a couple at north bulkhead which are covered and rotting. New cap also needed at that point. Waterway, small
mountain stream 3 feet wide, O.K. Some footings covered at south end. Length, 135 feet;
height, 30 feet; number of spans, 9. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening. Timbers,
ties, braces, etc., except as noted, O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and
off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 89.1.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 285 feet; height, 1%
stories; number of spans, 19. AVaterway, none. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not
gone over this year. Track on and off, low. Alignment (tangent and curve) and surface good.
No plates on tangent portion.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 89.5.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. No waterway. Length, 210 feet;
height, 1 story and cripple; number of spans, 14. North bulk-head is on log crib, which is O.K.
New cap and four new M.B. needed at that bulk-head. Danger from falling rock. Should be
watched constantly by sectiomnen. Not gone over this year; needs tightening. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., except as noted, O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 89.9.—Should be 89.96. Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Grasshopper
bents. Length, 120 feet; height, 25 feet; number of spans, 8. No waterway. Six new M.B. and
two new caps needed for bulk-heads. One guard-rail with short piece of dry-rot should also be
replaced. All other ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. South bulk-head is on rock-filled crib, which
is O.K. Track off south end, high; off north end, low. Alignment (tangent) and surface good.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 90.2.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K., except three under north bulkhead which need replacing, as does also the cap at same point.    Some M.B. next to hillside Z 24 ■ British Columbia. 1922
covered by rock-slide. No waterway. Length, 225 feet; height, 2 stories and.cripple; number
of spans, 15. Bridge not gone over this year. Other than as noted, all timbers, ties, braces,
etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, good. Other features
O.K.
Bridge 91.5.—Pile-bent trestle across McGillivary Creek. Length, 120 feet: height, 15 feet;
number of spans, 8. AVaterway, stream 30 feet wide. Drift to be taken out. Piles, 12-17
inches; those in dry ground on south side have rot to 4 inches; those on north side up to 3
inches. Bents Nos. 1, 2, and 3 need four new 20-foot piles each; reinforced temporarily by three
posts and M.B. Piles in water sound. Two new caps needed. Bridge not gone over this year.
Other than as noted, all timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good.
Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 93.5.—Pony Howe truss,, 60 feet, across Roaring Creek, with one pile-bent trestle
approach span at each end. Length, 90 feet; height, 12 feet; number of spans, 3. AVaterway,
mountain stream 30 feet wide, O.K. Piles, 12-16 inches, with 2% to 3 inches of rot in bulkheads and south tower; rot in those of north tower from 0 to 1 inch. Temporarily reinforced.
Need two new caps, twenty long mud-blocks, twelve short mud-blocks, and twenty 12- by
12- by 9-foot posts for north and south bulk-heads and tower. Other than as noted, all timbers,
ties, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening. Lower chords O.K.
Tension members need adjusting. Compression members O.K. Lateral connections O.K. Castings, gib-plates, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 93.9.—Should be 93.94. Framed-bent trestle on M.B. Length, 210 feet; height, 1
story and cripple; number of spans, 14. No waterway. Six new mud-blocks and two new caps
needed for bulk-heads. Posts and M.B. of five bents buried in rock-slide. Danger of damage
from rocks here; should be closely watched. Bridge not gone over this year. Except as noted,
all timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. South bulk-head low, needs shimming. Alignment (tangent)
good. Surface good, except low at south bulk-head. Track on and off, low. Other features
O.K.
Bridge 94-0.—Should be 94.05. Framed-bent trestle on M.B. No waterway. Length, 150
feet; height, up to 1% stories. Footings O.K. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not
gone over this year. Alignment (curve and tangent) good. Track on and off, low. Other
features O.K.    Bridge is in good condition.
Bridge 94-02.—Should be' 94.1 Framed-bent trestle on ALB. No waterway. Length, 90
feet; height, up to 1 story and cripple; number of spans, 6. Bridge not gone over during the
year. Six M.B. and two new caps needed for bulk-heads. One new diagonal needed. All other
timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K., although some timbers are scarred by fallen rocks and others
are sun-checked and warped. Alignment (reverse spirals) and surface fair. No tie-plates.
Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 94-6.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 90 feet; height, up to
1 story and cripple; number of bents, 0. AVaterway, none; small flowing springs. Not gone
over this year. Needs tightening and lining. All timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment
(tangent)  poor.    Surface fair.    Track on and off,  low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 95.0.—Should be 95.03. Pony Howe truss, 60 feet, across Lake Creek, with two
pile-bent trestle approach bents at each end. Length, 120 feet; height, 15 feet; number of spans,
5. AVaterway, mountain stream 6 feet wide, O.K. Track on and off, O.K. Alignment (tangent
and curve) good. Surface poor on north approach; needs shimming. Bridge not gone over this
year. Piles, 10-16 inches, with rot to 3 inches in north bulk-head. One bent in north approach
is framed on pile footings; had settled and had been blocked and shimmed; now working loose.
Repairs needed; twelve long M.B., two caps, sixteen 12- by 12- by 10-foot posts, eight 25-foot
piles, and eight 30-foot piles for Bents Nos. 1 and 2 north and 1 and 2 south. Some tightening
needed and truss-rods to be adjusted. Other than as noted, all ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Tension members need adjusting. Compression members and laterals O.K. Castings, plates, etc.,
O.K.    Line and camber good.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 98.0.—Should be 98.04. One 20-foot span on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 20 feet;
height, 8 feet; number of spans, 1. Waterway, edge of Anderson Lake, O.K. Bridge not gone
over this year; needs tightening. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) fair.
No check-rails.    Surface good.    Other features O.K.    Track on and off, fair. 12 Geo. 5 Department op Railways. Z 25
Bridge 99.4.—One 30-foot span on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 30 feet; height, 3 feet;
number of spans, 1. Bridge not gone over this year; needs tightening. AVaterway, edge of
Anderson Lake, O.K. All ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) fair (of track
at north end poor).    Surface good.    No check-rails.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 100.6.—Pile-bent trestle across Portage River at lower end of Anderson Lake.
Length, 180 feet; height, 12 feet; number of spans, 10, of which two are of 30 feet each. Waterway, 120 feet, O.K., although some trouble here at times on account of drift. Bridge not gone
over this year, and besides tightening needs three new caps and ten 20-foot piles for Bents Nos.
1 and 2 south and No. 1 north; also one new tie. Except as noted, all other ties, timbers, braces,
etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) fair. Surface good. Piles, 12-16 inches; those in water are
sound; those in bulk-heads and dry ground have rot to 4 and 5 inches. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 101.3.—Pile-bent trestle across Portage River at Seton. Length, 225 feet; height,
22 feet; number of spans, 14, including one of 30 feet. Slow order on this bridge until repaired.
Stream hits bridge on angle and drift inclined to lodge and damage the bridge; has done so in
the past. Should have been a 100-foot span here. Not gone over this year. Original bent at
north end of the 30-foot span damaged. Repaired by new piles, but same was poor job. Needs
new tower. Piles, 10-14 inches; those in dry ground have rot to 5 inches; one in north bulkhead is completely gone. Besides tightening, this bridge needs seven new caps, eight 20-foot
piles, eight 25-foot piles, eight 30-foot piles, and fourteen 40-foot piles. All other ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface only fair. Log protection-crib above bridge
would help situation.    No tie-plates.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 103.1.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Waterway, none; dry rock
gap subject to rock-falls; danger from same and should be watched. Height,'2 stories; length,
75 feet; number of spans, 5. Both bulk-heads shimmed up. Bridge not gone over this year.
Besides some tightening, needs two new caps, six M.B., twelve ties, and four new sections of
guard-rails. Other than as noted, all timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K., although some are scarred
by fallen rocks. Alignment (curve) good. Surface low at bulk-heads. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 103.43.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 30 feet; height, 15
feet; number of spans, 2. Waterway none. North bulk-head rests on log crib, which is O.K.
Bridge not gone over this year and'needs some tightening and shimming. Ties, timbers, braces,
etc., O.K. No tie-plates nor cheek-rails. Alignment (tangent) O.K. Surface good. Track on
and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 103.47.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Both bulk-heads rest on rock-
filled cribs, which are O.K.; that at south being the same that carries Bridge 103.43. Length,
207.9 feet; height, 22 feet; number of spans, 14. AA'aterway, none. Bridge not gone over this
year; needs some tightening. Alignment (tangent with curves at both ends) and surface fair.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Track on and off, low. No tie-plates at south end. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 107.2.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 60 feet; height, 7 feet; number of spans, 4. AVaterway, dry wash, subject to floods, carrying quantities of broken rock, O.K. Bridge not gone over
this year. Piles, 11-13 inches, which in bulk-heads have rot to 3 inches, one being entirely gone;
others have from 1% to 2% inches of rot. Besides tightening, bridge needs two new caps and
eight 20-foot piles for the bulk-heads. Other timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (spiral)
and surface good.    No check-rails nor tie-plates.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 108.0.—Should be 108.1. Pile-bent trestle across small creek. Length, 00 feet;
height, 15 feet; number of spans, 4. AVaterway, stream 1% feet wide, O.K. Bridge not gone
over this year. Piles, 13-16 inches; those in water are sound; others have to 3 inches of rot.
Besides tightening, bridge needs twelve M.B., two caps, and eight 20-foot piles for the bulkheads. One stringer at south has some end-rot; not dangerous. Except as noted, ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. No tie-plates nor check-rails. Track
on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 108.7— Pile-bent trestle across small creek. Length, 30 feet; height, 8 feet; number
of spans, 2. AVaterway, 4-foot stream, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Piles, 12-16 inches.
Centre bent in water, sound. Bulk-heads have 3 to 5 inches of rot. Besides tightening, bridge
needs six M.B., two caps, and six 20-foot piles. Other than as noted, ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K.   Alignment and surface good.   No check-rails.   Track on and off, low.   Other features O.K. Z 26 British Columbia. 1922
Bridge 109.9.—Framed trestle on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 195 feet; height, up to 1
story and cripple; number of spans, 13. AVaterway, none. Subject to recurring rock-slides;
needs watching. Not gone over this year. Many posts and footings buried in rock-slides. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve and tangent) and surface fair. Track on and off,
low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 110.1.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. Length, 135 feet; height, up to 1 story and
cripple; number of spans, 9. AVaterway, none; dry gulch, subject to slides and rock-falis. Some
of footings and posts buried iu slide. Bridge not gone over this year. Needs tightening and 4
M.B., two caps, and four 20-foot piles. Other timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve)
good, except at south end.    Surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 111.1.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. AVaterway, none. Length, 240
feet; height, 1 story and 8-foot cripple; number of spans, 16. Last three bents at north are
pile-bents. Piles, 12-16 inches, with 3 inches of rot. To be replaced with four 20-foot, four
25-foot, and four 30-foot piles. Also needs one new cap and one guard-rail section. Some
footings buried in slide. Other timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) slightly
out at centre and surface good. Track on and off, low. No flanger-sign at north. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 115.04-—Trestle (pile-bent). Length, 46 feet; height, 8.5 feet; and number of spans, 3.
Waterway completely filled up by slide. Only signs of the bridge are long ties and chewed-up
portions of guard-rails.    No longer a bridge.
Bridge 116.5.—New 15-foot span sheeted in to act as open culvert. Across wash-out. Built
about a year ago. On new pile-bent bulk-heads, O.K. Length, 15 feet; number of spans, 1;
height, 6 feet. Not gone over this year. Ties, timbers, piles, etc., O.K. Piles, 11-13 inches.
Line and surface O.K.    Track on and off, fair.
Bridge 118.0.—Pile-bent trestle across Seton River. Length, 150 feet; height, 18 feet;
number of spans, 9, of which one is 30 feet. AVaterway, 100 feet wide and about 3 feet deep,
O.K. South bulk-head riprapped this year ; otherwise bridge not gone over. Piles, 12-14 inches ;
rot from 1% to 2 inches and in the case of one pile in bulk-head to 3 inches; O.K. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve and tangent) and surface good. This bridge should have
been a 100-foot span.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 118.1.—Through Howe truss across Cayoosh Creek, 100-foot span, with one pile-
bent trestle approach span at each end. Length, 130 feet; Height, 10 feet; number of spans, 3.
Not gone over this year. AVaterway, 80 feet wide and 3 feet deep, O.K. South tower riprapped
this year. Piles, 14-15 inches, with rot in some to 1% inches; in one pile to 4 inches. Bulkhead bent at south was put in new eighteen months ago; new piles should be put in north bulkhead this coming year. Pile towers O.K. Ties, guard-rails, stringers, floor-beams, seats, caps,
braces, truss-timbers, etc., O.K. Bridge needs some tightening. Tension members need adjusting. Compression members O.K. Some truss-timbers warped. Lower chords, some joints open
to thickness of knife-blade. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc., O.K. Laterals O.K. Line
O.K. Camber fair (a little uneven, but B. and B. report they cannot improve). Alignment
(tangent)  and surface good.    Track on and off, good.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 120.6.—Across the Fraser River at Lillooet. Two 130-foot and four 150-foot deck
Howe trusses, with seventy-five trestle approach spans at the south end and forty-three trestle
approach spans at the north end; all originally framed bents on pile-bents or pile footings.
Length, 2,630 feet; height, about 00 feet above river; number of spans, 124. Waterway, river
about 800 feet wide at low water, O.K. Bridge gone over to following extent during the year:
twenty-three pile-bent footings in north approach replaced by framed bents on M.B.; all guardrail bolts tightened and the last span on north tightened and adjusted throughout. B. and B.
called away from this work on a number of occasions, such as to Squamish Dock, etc. Now
working at that point again. Twenty-one more framed footings to go in at north approach.
Mud-blocks and framed bents also needed in south approach. Ground, especially at north (a
chocolate-coloured soil), very destructive to pile footings. AVhen work now in progress is
completed, some tightening done, and the remaining trusses adjusted, this bridge will be in Al
shape. Trusses supported on framed towers on piles in rock-filled timber cribs, except north
tower, which is of piles in crib. Three cribs to protect the bank and slope were built below the
north abutment and two cars of rock put in same during the year. Also twenty-three car-loads
of riprap placed around the north abutment and the first, second, and third piers south of that 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 27
abutment. Now O.K. Cribs and piles at towers apparently O.K. Piles are of«all sizes and,
in other than the towers, with varying degrees of rot. Those on north side of river worst.
Some piles went at or just under the ground surface; others at a depth of 6 to 8 feet. AVhere
bents have not been replaced temporary reinforcements have been put in and footing situation
not dangerous. All ties, stringers, floor-beams, caps, bearings, posts, sills, braces, truss-timbers,
etc., O.K. Upper and lower chords O.K. Laterals O.K. Tension members in first five trusses
need light adjustment. Compression members O.K. Castings, gib-plates, clamps, keys, etc.,
O.K. Bridge is fairly tight. Line and cambers good. Alignment (tangent with curve off north
end) and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    All other features O.K.
The above completes the bridges on the Squamish Subdivision (122 miles). All material
for the work to be done during the coming year on the bridges between Pemberton and Lillooet
has been distributed at the points where it is to be used. The items of material include five
16-foot guard-rails; twelve 12-foot ties; three 28-foot diagonals; sixty 12- by 12- by 7-, 8-, and
10-foot posts; fifty-seven caps; 125 short mud-blocks; seventy-two long mud-blocks; sixty-four
20-foot piles; sixty-four 25-foot piles; twenty-eight 30-foot piles ; eight 35-foot piles ; and fourteen
40-foot piles. The above does not include, any of the material to be used in Bridge 120.6, a
large part of which is aiso on the ground. The above materials were all loaded and unloaded
by the B. and B.
Bridges between East Lillooet and Williams Lake—Lillooet Subdivision.
Bridge 1.7.—Pile-bent trestle over dry sand-slide. Length, 150 feet; height (on lower side),
12 feet; number of spans, 10. On lower side ground has slid away to depth of 3 feet. AVaterway, none. Piles, 12-14 inches, barked fir, with rot in some to 3 inches. A few need replacing
soon. Four slope-protection cribs, one below the other between the bridge and the Fraser River;
some damaged. During the year the following renewals and repairs were made: A crib 9 feet
high and 25 feet long; a crib 7 feet high and 48 feet long; a crib 4 feet high and 58 feet long;
and a double crib 5 feet high and 86 feet long were built; 1 % feet in height was added to a
crib 28 feet long and 6 feet to a crib 32 feet long. During the year bridge was tightened and
one ne.w stringer and one diagonal were put in. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. AVater-barrels,
check-rails, flanger-signs, etc., O.K. Alignment (reversed spirals) and surface good. Track on
and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 7/.7.—Combined pile-and framed-bent trestle across dry moving slide. Length, 330
feet; height, up to 1 story and cripple ; number of spans, 22. AVaterway, none. Bridge gone
over this year and tightened and five new girts, nine diagonals, and one batter-post were put
in to replace those damaged by rocks. Pile bents and footings were also all sheeted in as a
protection. Many of the posts along upper side had had corners chewed off by rocks. These
were protected from further damage about eighteen months ago by the installation of fenders.
Piles, 12-16 inches, unbarked cedar, with 1 to 2 inches of rot, O.K. Timbers, ties, braces, etc.,
O.K. Danger of damage by rocks and should be constantly watched. Alignment (tangent and
curve) and surface good.    Track on and off, a little low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 9.3.—Combined framed- and pile-bent trestle across Fountain Creek. Length, 480
feet; height, up to 4 stories; number of spans, 31, including one of 30 feet over the Cariboo
Road. Waterway, stream 6 feet wide, O.K. Cribbing O.K. Piles, 12-14 inches barked fir, with
1% to 5 inches of rot; during the year fifty-seven of these were renewed with new piles and
twenty-seven M.B. reinforcements were put in; now O.K. Bridge was also shimmed, lined, and
tightened. Beginning at south, first two bents are pile-bents; next seven are framed on pile
footings; next seven are framed on M.B.; next two are framed on combined piles and M.B.;
next seven are framed on pile footings; and the last seven at the north are pile-bents. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., are O.K.    Alignment (curve) and surface good.    Track off north end, low.
Bridge 10.0.—Originally combined pile-bent and framed-bent trestle on pile footings. Length,
255 feet; height up to 2 stories and cripple; number of spans, 17. AVaterway, dry gulch, O.K.
First two bents at south were pile-bents. These and last five at the north were sinking and
were repaired by putting in posts, sills, etc., about eighteen months ago. Piles are barked fir
and cedar, 12-15 inches, with from 1% to 5 inches of rot. Renewals to the extent of twenty-
eight new piles and nine new M.B. were made this year and the bridge was lined, shimmed,
and tightened; now O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good.
Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K. Z 28 British Columbia. 1922
Bridge 10>6.—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings, except pile-bent bulk-heads and half of
one bent at centre, which is on M.B., which are O.K. Length, 255 feet; height, up to 3 stories;
number of spans, 17. No waterway. Piles, 10 to 15 inches; some had dry-rot to 5 inches;
these were replaced this year by forty-eight new piles and three M.B.; now O.K. Bridge was
also lined, shimmed, and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve and
tangent) and surface good. Tie-plates under curve only. Some brush to cut. Other features
O.K.
Bridge 10.8.—Across 11-mile Creek and the Cariboo Road. Length, 300 feet; height up to
2 stories and cripple; number of spans, 19, one of which is 30 feet. Framed-bent trestle on pile
footings, except bulk-head bents and first out from south end, which are pile-bents. Waterway,
stream 5 feet wide, O.K. Piles, 10-15 inches; those in water sound; others had rot from 1%
to 4 inches; one near north end badly rotted and three in south bulk-head practically gone.
Renewals to the extent of seventeen new piles and twenty-six blocks were made this year* now
O.K. Bridge was also gone over and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment
(curve)  and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Brush to cut.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 13.7.—Framed-bent trestle across 14-Mile Creek. (Highest wooden bridge, on the
system.) Length, 915 feet; height, 200 feet; number of spans 61. AVaterway, stream 4 feet wide,
O.K. Bridge was gone over this year. Piles, 11-17 inches, mixed fir and cedar; some still
sound, especially cedars; others with rot from 1% to 5 inches and seventeen practically gone.
Renewals this year to the extent of 143 new piles were put in. Fourteen sills were spliced and
seventy-eight reinforcing M.B. were put in. Footings now O.K. Bridge also tightened. Ties,
timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, good. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 14-0.—Across Cariboo Road. Rebuilt two years ago. Combined pile-bent and framed-
bent trestle on M.B.. which are O.K. Length, 90 feet; height, about 17. feet; number of spans 5,
one being 30 feet. Bulk-heads on M.B.; two pile-bents and two framed bents on M.B. Piles, 12
inches, O.K. AVaterway, culvert, O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Lined and tightened
this year.    Alignment (tangent) and surface good.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 14-4-—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings, except second bent and bulk-heads,
which are pile-bents. Length, 705 feet; height, up to 5 stories; number of spans, 47. Waterway,
small creek, now dry, O.K. Many of piles small, 10 inches, and some to 18 inches; many are
cedar. Piles had rot from 1 to 2% inches. Renewals were made this year to the extent of
122 new piles, thirty-three M.B., and fourteen sills spliced. Bridge was lined, shimmed, and
tightened. Ties, timbers, and braces, O.K. Footings O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface
O.K.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 14-8--—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings, except first two, which are pile-bents, and
last three, which are on M.B. Length, 375 feet; height, up to 3 stories and cripple; number
of spans, 26. Waterway, dry; should be repaired and riprapped. Piles, 10-15 inches; some
small firs which were badly rotted, two being completely gone. Forty-three jnles were renewed
this year and a few new posts and M.B. were put in. Bridge was lined and shimmed and
tightened where necessary. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface
good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 17.7.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (A number are buried.)
Length, 495 feet; height, 4 full stories; number of spans, 33. AVaterway, stream 2 feet wide,
O.K. Riprap O.K. Gone over this year; plumb and batter posts put in, one new girt, two
diagonals, and three sway-braces; also three new posts put in and five put back in place.
Damaged by rock. To be watched for damage by rocks. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., except
three ties (not urgent), O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface, O.K. Track on and off, low.
Other features O.K.
Bridge 18.3.—Framed-bent trestle on piles, except bulk-heads and first bent from each end,
which are pile-bents. Length, 345 feet; height, up to 3 stories and cripple on pile-bent; number
of spans, 23. AVaterway, dry; heavy run-off in storms. Piles, 10-16 inches, with rot to 2 and
in a few cases to 3 and 4 inches, and five practically gone. Bridge not gone over. Needs
twenty-five new piles. Ties, braces, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good.
Track on and off, a little low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 20.3.—Framed-bent trestle across Pavilion Creek, at Pavilion, on pile footings.
Length, 390 feet; height, 1 full story; number of spans, 26.    AVaterway, creek 4 feet wide, O.K. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 29
Piles, 10-16 inches, have rot from 1 to 2 inches and in a few cases to 3 and 4 inches; ten new
piles are needed. Bridge was gone over this year and a number of auxiliary M.B. and cribs
were put iu. Bridge was also shimmed, lined, and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Alignment (curve) and surface good. Brush under and around bridge to be cut. Track on and
off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 21.6.—Framed-bent and pile-bent trestle on M.B. and piles. Length, 450 feet; height,
"up to 4 stories and cripple; number of spans, 30. AVaterway, none. South bulk-head and Bent
No. 1 are pile-bents, the next nine are framed on pile footings, and the remainder are framed
on M.B., which are O.K., with the exception of a few which are buried. Piles, 10-14 inches,
are barked and unbarked and a few are cedar. Piles have rot from % to 2% inches and 4
new piles are needed. Small amount of work only done on this bridge this year. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K., except sill of Bent. No. 3, which is cracked, not dangerous, and should be
scabbed both sides with 3 by 12's. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off,
good.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 23.5.—Framed trestle on M.B., except Bents Nos. 2 and 32, which are pile-bents, and
Bents Nos. 27-31, which are framed on pile footings. M.B. are O.K. No waterway. Length,
480 feet; height, 3 stories and cripple; number of spans, 32.    Piles, 12-14 inches, with rot from
0 to 3 inches; eight new piles needed. Bridge not gone over this year. Ties, timbers, braces,
etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, fair. Other features O.K.,
except tightening.
Bridge 23.9.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. Length, 405 feet; height, 1% stories; number of
spans, 27. No waterway. M.B. O.K., except some buried. Bridge not gone over this year.
Split stringer at north bulk-head blocked up, O.K. One long girt smashed. Otherwise ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K.    Alignment (curve) and surface good.    Track on and off, fair.
Bridge 24-0.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (six sets partially burned, but
taken care of).    Small amount of work only done on bridge this year.    Length, 75 feet; height,
1 story over 15 feet; number of spans, 5. No waterway. One diagonal broken. Otherwise ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) good. Surface a little low at centre. No
tie-plates.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K., except tightening.
Bridge 24-6-—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (Forty sets covered by slide).
No waterway. Length, 465 feet; height, 2 stories; number of spans, 31. Bridge not gone over
this year. Centre post, Bent No. 11, top story, badly sun-checked and cracked; should be
replaced. One diagonal and girt at Bent No. 10 broken. Otherwise ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, good. Other features O.K.,
except tightening.
Bridge 24-9.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (49 sets are buried). No waterway. Length, 450 feet; height, 3 stories; number of spans, 30. One sway-brace near centre
and at top of first story split and pulled away from post. Bridge not gone over this year. On
upper side near centre is rock-slide which has covered posts and sills of five bents, broken two
sway-braces which cannot be replaced on. account of slide, and has also cracked one diagonal.
Otherwise ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and
off, low.    Other features O.K., except tightening.
Bridge 26.0.—Framed-bent trestle on ALB., which are O.K. (fifty sets buried). No waterway.
Length, 210 feet; height, 1 story and short cripple; number of spans, 24. One diagonal split and
one sill and post in bad order on account of fire. Temporarily repaired. Bridge not gone over
this year. Other than as noted, ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve and tangent) and
surface good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K., except some tightening needed.
Bridge 26.3.—Framed-bent trestle on piles. No waterway. Length, 150 feet; height, %
story; number of spans, 10. Piles, 12-14 inches, with from 0 to 3 inches of rot (eighteen piles
covered by slide). Four new piles needed. Bridge not gone over this year. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (reverse spirals) and surface good. Track on and off, fair. Other
features O.K., except some tightening.
Bridge 26.7.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. and piles. Length, 240 feet; height, 2 stories;
number of spans, 26. Some footings and lower parts of posts are buried. Last six bents at
north partially to completely filled up. Last thirteen bents at north have pile footings. Piles,
12-14 inches, with 1 to 3 inches, of rot. Three new piles needed. Ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and ,
off, fair.    Other features O.K., except some tightening needed. Z 30 British Columbia. 1922
Bridge 27.3.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. and pile footings (twenty-four sets of M.B.
covered in slide). No waterway. Length, 300 feet; height, 2 stories; number of spans, 20.
Piles, 14-16 inches. Piles in last three bents had settled (are also buried in slide). This year
new posts and M.B. were put in at those points as auxiliary reinforcements and the deck was
shimmed; now O.K. One to 1% inches of rot in piles, O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Alignment (curve) and surface fair. Track off south end, fair; off north end, low. Other
features O.K., except some tightening needed.
Bridge 27.7.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., except two pile-bents at north end. Length, 225
feet; height, 1 story and cripple; number of spans, 15. No waterway. M.B. footings, O.K. (one
set buried). Piles, 12-14 inches, unbarked fir, with from 1 to 2 inches of rot. Three new piles
needed. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge is tight. Not gone over this year. Alignment
(curve) and surface good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 28.2.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (nineteen sets buried). No
waterway. Length, 420 feet; height, 2 stories and cripple; number of spans, 2S. Bridge not
gone over this year. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Some tightening needed. Alignment
(tangent with curve at both ends) and surface fair. Track on and off, fair. Other features
O.K.
Bridge 28.38.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., which are O.K. (nineteen sets buried). No
waterway. Length, 120 feet; height, 1 story; number of spans, 8. Bridge not gone over this
year. One diagonal broken: otherwise ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. North bulk-head shimmed
2 inches, O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off. fair. Other features
O.K., except some tightening needed.
Bridge 28.4-—Framed-bent trestle on M.B,, which are O.K. (Twenty-three sets buried). No
waterway. Length, 135 feet; height, up to 2 stories; number of spans, 9. North bulk-head rests
in crib and is shimmed 2 inches, O.K. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over
this year. Needs some tightening. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off,
fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 32.5.—Pile-bent trestle across Kelly Creek. Length, 60 feet; height, 10 feet; number
of spans, 4. AVaterway, 4 feet wide, O.K. Piles, 12-16 inches, with from 0 to 3 inches of rot.
Two piles need shims. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year;
needs some tightening. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. No check-rails or tie-plates.
Caps are hewed.    Track on and off, low.
Bridge, 32.8.—Pile-bent trestle across Kelly Creek. Length, 60 feet; height, 12 feet; number
of spans, 4. AVaterway, creek, O.K. Piles, 12-14 inches; those in water sound; others have to
2 inches of rot. Some shims needed on centre bent piles. Caps are hewed. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Some
tightening needed.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 34.8.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 30 feet; height, 6 feet; number of spans, 2. AVaterway, small creek, O.K. Piles, 12 inches; two with I inch of rot; others sound. Hewed caps.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Alignment (tangent) and
surface good.    No check-rails nor tie-plates.    Track on and off, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 353.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 45 feet; height, 7 feet; number of spans, 3. Waterway, small stream, O.K. Piles, unbarked fir, 12-14 inches, O.K. Caps hewed. Ties, timbers,
braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year; needs some tightening. Alignment (tangent)
and  surface  good.    No  check-rails.    Track   on   and  off,   very   low.    Other   features   O.K.
Bridge 35.6.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 30 feet; height, 5 feet; number of spans, 2. Waterway, small stream, O.K. Piles, unbarked fir, 16-17 inches, with little or no rot, O.K. Bridge
not gone over this year. Ties, timbers, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve.) and surface good. Hewed
caps, O.K. Track on and off, low. No check-rails. Bridge needs some tightening. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 40.1.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 60 feet; height, 12 feet; number of spans, 4. Waterway, small creek, O.K. Piles, 14-16 inches, unbarked fir, have from 0 to 1 inch of rot, O.K.
Hewed caps, O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not gone over this year; needs some
tightening. Alignment (tangent) only fair. Surface good. Track on and off, low. Other
features O.K.    No plates nor check-rails.
Bridge 44-o-—Framed-bent trestle ou pile footings, except bulk-head bents and first bent out 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 31
17. AVaterway, small creek, O.K. Bridge has been gone over this year. Piles, unbarked fir, with
0 to 3 inches of rot; size of piles, 10 to 14 inches. Twenty-two of those of small diameter and
greatest rot were replaced by an equal number of new piles this year, and twenty-seven mud-
block reinforcements were also put in. Bridge is tight. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface fair.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 44-8.—At Clinton. Framed-bent trestle on pile footings, except bulk-head bents and
first ones out from each end, which are pile-bents. AVaterway, Clinton Creek, 8 feet wide, O.K.
Length, 315 feet; height, 3 stories; number of spans, 21. Piles, unbarked fir, 10-14 inches, had
from 0 to 3 and in a few cases 4 inches of rot. Forty-nine needed replacing and this was done
during the year, as well as putting in six new M.B. One new guard-rail section was put on
and the bridge was gone pver and shimmed, lined, and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K. Alignment (tangent and curve) and surface fair. Track off south end good; off north
end, low.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 48.0.—Framed-bent trestle, all on M.B., except six bents on pile footings. Mud-
blocks are O.K. Piles, 10-16 inches, mostly in water (eleven have rot from % to 2 inches), and
are O.K. AVaterway, small creek, O.K. Length, 855 feet; height, up to 5% stories; number of
spans, 57. Bridge was gone over this year and lined and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces, etc.,
O.K.    Alignment (curve) and surface good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 49-5-—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings. Across Cariboo Road. Length, 460
feet; height, up to 2% stories on 5-foot pile-bents; number of spans, 30, one of which is 25 feet.
AVaterway, none. Piles, 10-15 inches, with 0 to 2 inches of rot (a few with from 2 to 4 inches).
Thirteen new piles needed. Bridge was gone over this year and tightened. Ties, timbers, braces,
etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface fair. Track off south end, fair; off north end,
low.    Other points O.K.
Bridge 50.5.—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings. Length, 390 feet; number of spans, 26;
height, 3 stories. Bridge gone over this year and lined and tightened. Needs light shimming
at a number of places. Piles, 10-15 inches, with from 0 to 3 inches of rot. Three new piles
needed. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. About two-thirds of length from south end there are
some bents with upper story out of plumb; built that way; now braced and O.K. Alignment
(curve and tangent) good. Surface slightly wavy. Track on and off, a little low. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 53.8.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B. and pile footings. Length, 750 feet; height, 6
stories; number of spans, 50. AVaterway, stream 30 feet wide, O.K. Riprap O.K. Eleven bents
at centre tmd last five at north are on piles. M.B. are O.K. Piles, 10-15 inches, barked fir,
with from 0 to 2 inches of rot. Some badly driven. Bridge only partially gone over this
year. Guard-rail bolts tightened. Bridge appears fairly tight. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Alignment (curve) good. Surface out slightly near centre of bridge. Track on and off, fair.
Check-rail noses of poor type, but well set.   Other features O.K.
Bridge 56.5.—Pile-bent trestle at Chasm. Length, 165 feet; height 8 to 10 feet; number of
spans, 11. Across swamp and small creek. AVaterway, O.K. Piles, 12-17 inches, barked cedar
in wet ground, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Needs
some tightening. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Track on and off, low. Other features
O.K.
Bridge 57.6.—Framed-bent trestle on M.B., except five centre bents and bulk-head bents,
which are on piles. Over Cariboo Road and the upper end of the chasm. M.B. O.K. Piles are
of good size and O.K. AVaterway, small creek, O.K. Length, 343 feet; height, up to 2 stories;
number of spans, 23, of which two are 11 feet each and one 23 feet. Bridge not gone over this
year. Is fairly tight. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) good, except near
south end. Surface good. Check-rail ends poor and dangerous. Track on and off, fair. Other
features O.K.
Bridge 71.5.—Pile-bent trestle across shallow lake. Length, 300 feet; height, 16 feet above
water; number of spans, 20. AVTaterway O.K. Piles, 10-16 inches, barked fir, O.K. Bridge gone
over this year and tightened throughout. Timbers, ties, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve)
and surface good.    Check-rail noses N.G.    Track low off south end.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 72.0.—Pile-bent trestle across shallow lake. Length, 345 feet; height, 16 feet above
water; number of spans, 23. Waterway, 280 feet wide, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year
and is very loose.    Has no proper  anchor-bolts   (some  driven bolts  instead).    Ties,  timbers, Z 32 British Columbia. 1922
braces, etc., O.K. Piles, 10-14 inches, barked fir, O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good.
Check-rail noses N.G.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 74-5.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 645 feet; height, up to 18 feet; number of spans,
43. AVaterway, small creek, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Piles, 10-14 inches, barked
fir and a few cedars, O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge is loose and needs a general
tightening. Has no anchor-bolts at bents. Has no tie-plates and rails are spiked at every other
tie only. Check-rail noses N.G. (wood-block makeshifts). Alignment (curve) only fair.
Surface good.    Track on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 99.8.—Framed-bent trestle on piles across Little Bridge Creek. Length, 900 feet;
height, up to 3 stories on 6 pile-bents 10 to 12 feet high at creek. AVaterway, creek, O.K. Piles,
10-14 inches, barked fir, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year. Some tightening needed. Ties,
timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (curve) and surface good. Check-rail noses N.G. Track
on and off, fair.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 138.0.—Pile-bent trestle, . Length, 150 feet; height, 17 feet; number of spans, 10.
AVaterway, stream 16 feet wide, O.K. Piles, barked fir, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment and surface good. Some tightening needed. Track
on and off, good.    Check-rail noses N.G.    Bulk-head fill at south end poor.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 138.34-—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 60 feet; height, 7 feet; number of spans, 4.
Waterway, stream 20 feet wide, O.K. Piles O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not
gone over this year. Needs some tightening. Alignment and surface good. Track on and off,
low.    Check-rails very short and noses N.G.    No water-barrels.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 138.41,—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 75 feet; height, 16 feet; number of spans, 5.
Waterway, stream 18 feet wide, O.K. Piles O.K. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Bridge not
gone over this year. Needs some tightening. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on
and off, low.    Check-rails very short and noses N.G.    No water-barrels.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 138.48.—Pile-bent trestle. Length, 90 feet; height, 18 feet; number of spans, 6.
Waterway, stream 18 feet wide. Piles, barked fir, O.K. (some on small side). Bridge not gone
over this year. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Some tightening needed, also shimming.
Alignment (tangent) and surface good, except at oue point, which needs shimming. Track on
and off, low.    Check-rails very short and noses N.G.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 140.0.—Should be 139.99. Framed-bent trestle on pile footings. Length, 480 feet;
height, 3 stories; number of spans, 32. Waterway, small creek, O.K. Piles, barked fir, many
of which are on small side and badly driven, O.K. Bridge was gone over this year and was
lined and shimmed and a number of M.B. were put in. Alignment (tangent) and surface good.
Track on and off, low.    Check-rail noses N.G.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 144-39-—Pile-bent trestle over roadway. Length, 75 feet; height, 18 feet; number of
spans, 5. AVaterway, none. Piles, 9-10 inches, barked fir, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year
and needs some tightening. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface
good.    Track on and off, low.    No water-barrels.    Check-rail noses N.G.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 145.75.—Pile-bent trestle. Length. 90 feet; height, 15 feet; number of spans, 6.
Piles, 10-14 inches, barked fir, O.K. Bridge not gone over this year and needs some tightening.
Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K. Alignment (tangent) and surface good. Track on and off, very
low.    No water-barrels.    AVaterway dry, O.K.    Check-rail noses N.G.    Other features O.K.
Bridge 155.28.—Framed-bent trestle on pile footings across AVilliams Lake Creek at Williams
Lake material-yard. Length, 345 feet; height, 1 story; number of spans, 23. Pile footings O.K.
Waterway, creek 100 feet wide, O.K. Bridge was not gone over during the year and needs
attention soon. Out of line and surface and needs tightening. Ties, timbers, braces, etc., O.K.
Track on and off, low.    Other features, O.K.
The above completes the bridges on the Lillooet Subdivision (150 miles). Besides the work
on the foregoing bridges, the B. and B. did a considerable amount of work in the way of loading
and unloading and distributing materials for the various bridges.
Supplementary, 1922.—The repairs referred to as being necessary are being carried out.
Williams Lake Subdivision—Williams Lake to Quesnel (70 Miles).
This portion of the line was completed and turned over for operation on October 22nd, and
no opportunity to inspect the bridges on same was possible on account of my time and attention
being taken up with repairs due to wash-outs on the Squamish Subdivision; nor have these
bridges been gone over by our B. and B. gang. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 33
These bridges were gone over by the Northern Construction Company's gang shortly before
they were turned over. Some of them, especially those in the north near Quesnel, are on bad
ground and are out of line and surface and badly in need of attention.
Shortly after the October floods arrangements were made with Assistant Engineer Bright,
of Quesnel, under whose supervision the construction of that portion of the line was done, to
look after the maintenance in the Quesnel District until such time as I would again be able to
take it over. As soon as weather conditions permit an examination of these bridges will be made
and a report, supplementary to this one, will be sent to you.
Supplementary, 1922.—The bridges on this subdivision are in good condition. Bridge 159
may, however, give further trouble, although the foundations have been reinforced. Additional
rock-filling will have to be placed this fall in the south abutment and river piers of the bridge
across the Quesnel River.
Cribbing.
The inspection of all cribs was rendered impossible this year on account of lack of time, having
been fully occupied with repair-work, following the floods, at the time when the annual inspections are usually made. This inspection will be made as early in the coming spring as the
weather and other circumstances permit.
These cribs and log walls are for the most part rock-filled, and where such is the case
previous inspections showed that deterioration is taking place but slowly, and in those cases no
immediate trouble is anticipated. This applies particularly to the cribs along Anderson and
Seton Lakes, except the one at Mile 110, and to those north of Mile 6, Lillooet Subdivision.
The crib at Mile 110 is dirt-filled and is nearing its limit of usefulness. It is being closely
watched, Section Foremen being under instructions to that effect. The cribs between East
Lillooet and Mile 6, also dirt-filled, are ageing rapidly and are also under surveillance. Many
of these cribs were constructed for the purpose of preventing the slopes from running, and in
most other cases the track is well back and not bearing directly upon the cribs.
Some of these cribs have been repaired during the year, some have been renewed entirely,
and some new ones have been built, as noted below, the work having been done by our B. and B.
gang.
As anticipated a year ago, some of these cribs required repairs, and this was done. Two
new double cribs 12 feet high and 71 and 60 feet long, respectively, and one 5 to 20 feet high
and 60 feet long were put in in the vicinity of Mile 3.5 Below the bridge at Mile 1.7 a crib
9 feet high, 25 feet long; a crib 7 feet high, 48 feet long; a crib 4 feet high, 58 feet long; and
a double crib 5 feet high, 86 feet long, were built. At the same point 1% feet in height was
added to a crib 28 feet long and 6 feet to a crib 32 feet long.
Three cribs, one above the other, to protect the bank, slope, and foundation of an approach-
bent, were put in on the down-stream side of the north abutment of the Fraser River Bridge
at.Lillooet. Deadman anchors were put in and two car-loads of rock were used for filling. The
sizes of these cribs are 5 by 54 feet, 5 by 35 feet, and 4 feet 6 inches by 35 feet. At the same
bridge this gang put in twenty-three cars of heavy riprap at the north abutment and around
the first, second, and third piers south of that abutment.
The water-logged condition of the ground, following the heavy storm of October 27th and
28th, caused the failure of a series of cribs, one below the other, a short distance south of Mile 4
(commonly referred to as Mile 3.5), Lillooet Subdivision. This has been referred to elsewhere
in this report under the heading of " Damage to Road-bed and Structures."
Further work in the way of renewals and repairs to cribs as outlined in my report a year
ago will be necessary as early in the coming spring as conditions permit.
Material was hand-logged and two double cribs, 10 by 170 and 10 by 80 feet were built
by the same gang in the vicinity of Mile 54, Squamish Subdivision. Other cribs were built by
the Northern Construction Company, as noted elsewhere.
River-protection Work.
Very little new work was undertaken this year in the way of river-protection until after the
October floods.    Aside from the riprapping around the Fraser River Bridge, mentioned elsewhere,
some riprapping was done at the south approaches of Bridges 118.1 and 69.6, also at a number
of points along Anderson and Seton Lakes, at Cheakamus, and at Mile 10, near Cheekye
3 Z 34 British Columbia. 1922
The river-protection cribs along Anderson Creek and the Birkenhead River, built some two
years ago, are all in place and doing splendid work. All of them withstood the unprecedented
fall floods, and it is noteworthy that no damage to road-bed occurred along these streams, which
before the building of these cribs were a constant source of trouble and expense. A number of
these cribs were undermined or partially tipped over, but the flexible construction, as intended,
allowed the cribs to settle and plug the wash-out, settlement being coincident with the scouring.
Where this occurred the cribs have more or less the appearance of being somewhat wrecked or
done for, but that such is not the case is proven by others which were similarly affected a year
ago and which came through the recent floods intact and having performed their work as well
as ever. A detailed inspection of these cribs will be made in the spring and such repairs as
may be necessary will be made.
As the result of rivers and creeks forming new channels during the recent floods a number
of new deflection and training-wall cribs will have to be built at various points between
Cheakamus and Owl Creek as soon as weather conditions permit. It is impossible at the present
time to give any details of same, as those points are frozen up and snowed in. Roughly, they
are as follows: Two at Cheakamus; a training-wall at Mile 23; at least two small ones at
Bridge 43.5 on AVedge Mountain Creek; three, and possibly four, on 1-Mile Creek, Pemberton;
one on Owl Creek; one on the creek at Bridge 69.6; and three, or possibly four, on Cheekye
Creek. Two cribs, one on the creek above the new bridge at Mile 35.4 and the other on Green
River at Mile 44, built recently by the Northern Construction Company, have not yet been filled
with rock and brush. They will have to be filled in the spring. Three training-wall cribs at
Mile 54, built by our B. and B. gang and the Northern Construction Company, are completed and
filled, while one built by the latter near Mile 20 is only partially built and filled.
In connection with permanent repairs to the road-bed, varying amounts of riprapping will
have to be done at tlie following points: Mile 4.1; Mile 9.7 (Cheekye) ; Mile 12 (Cheakamus) ;
Mile 20; Mile 23; Mile 27.2; Mile 43.5; Mile 54 and vicinity; and at a number of other points
of minor importance.
Damage to Road-bed and Structures, caused by October-November Floods.
The latter part of October was a period of very heavy and almost continuous rains, which
kept the coastal rivers and creeks in the Howe Sound District in a constant state of flood. Aside
from some damage to our road-bed at Cheakamus, no serious damage resulted until, as noted
elsewhere, the Squamish Dock was wrecked, due to the piling being scoured out.
During the night of the 27th and all day of the 28th there occurred the most violent downpour, with almost the intensity of a cloudburst, that has been known in this district. This was
accompanied by a Chinook wind which rapidly melted a heavy fall of new snow in the hills
and mountains. This was the same storm which wrecked the town and caused the loss of so
many lives at Britannia Beach, some 6 miles from Squamish, and also washed out the Canadian
Pacific Railway, Canadian National Railway, and Great Northern Railway at many points.
By the evening of the 2Sth the Cheakamus and Mamquam Rivers, already swollen to
capacity, had overflowed their banks and the whole delta of the Squamish, except the lower
area of the townsite of Squamish, was flooded. The peak of the flood occurred about 2 a.m.
on the morning of the 29th, at which time the depth of water in the upper portion of the town-
site was 4 to 5 feet, causing a large amount of damage to private property,' roads, sidewalks,
and personal effects. Fortunately no lives were lost. The dykes and intervening slough saved
the lower portion of the town, in which most of the company's improved property is situated,
and no damage occurred at that point.
This storm covered the whole Lower Mainland and reached, in diminishing degree, as far
north as AVilliams Lake. The greatest damage to the Pacific Great Eastern Railway, as noted
in detail below, took place between Squamish and Pemberton; that is, over a distance of some
57 miles. Between Pemberton and Lillooet there were a number of minor wash-outs and small
slides. At points between Lillooet and Lough Raymond some sliding cuts and the failure of a
series of old log cribs at Mile 3.5, E.L.N., gave us some trouble. Beyond Lough Raymond there
was no trouble.
The following is a brief statement of the damage done at various points along the line:—
Squamish to Mile 3.5 (the shops) : Many small wash-outs on both legs of the wye and on
the main line between Pemberton Road and the trestle at the south end of the new yard. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 35
Temporary repairs effected by local section and B. and B. gang, with assistance of such other
available labour as could be obtained. Underpinning of section-house at shops, damaged by
flood. Repaired by B. and B. gang. The shops and new yards, being on built-up ground, were
not damaged to speak of.
Mile 3.5 to Mile 6 (Brackendale water-tank) : Many small wash-outs of ballast and
road-bed and one wash-out of road-bed and ground, about 10 feet deep and 20 feet long, at Mile
4.15. A 15-foot open culvert span was put in at that point, but a second flood some ten days
later took culvert and span out and enlarged the opening to about 13 feet deep by 80 feet long.
Repaired by the building of a pile-bent trestle. This structure was put in by our B. and B.,
and was ready for the passage of trains in two and a half days. Other repairs in this section
were made by the same crews mentioned in the preceding paragraph. From Squamish to Mile
6 the main line was submerged, except where it passes through the new yards, and when the
water subsided the track was found to be more or less blocked throughout by driftwood and
debris.
At Mile 9.7 (Cheekye River) three 30-foot spans of the bridge were wrecked by the undermining of piers and footings, and 130 feet of the road-bed adjoining the south end of the bridge
was washed out to a depth of about 12 feet. Repairs and a new span 125 feet long are under
way by the Northern Construction Company. . Trains are being passed through on the falsework.
At Mile 11 there were two small wash-outs, both of which were repaired by our own gangs.
At Cheakamus, Mile 12, the whole main line road-bed, from near the south switch to a
point near the station, was washed out. The track was thrown over by our gangs, but upon
further damage -by the second flood the siding was connected up at the north end and traffic is
now being routed over same, pending completion of repairs in the spring. The work of repairing
and opening the line at this point was dorie by our own and Northern Construction Company
gangs.
In the vicinity of Mile 20, near the upper end of the Cheakamus Canyon, the river tore out
about 80 feet of the dump from under the track. On account of the conformation of the canyon-
walls and winter conditions this point was one of the most difficult to repair. Further work
will have to be done at this point in the spring. Repairs were by the Northern Construction
Company.
Just south of AVatson south switch, at the head of the Cheakamus Canyon, the river tore
out from under the track, what had always appeared to be solid rock, portions of the road-bed
at three points. The lengths of these damaged portions varied from 20 to 30 feet. Repairs
were made by the Northern Construction Company.
At Mile 23 (Daisy Lake) : The road-bed, a rock-dump about 25 feet high, was entirely
carried away for a distance of about'900 feet. Repairs were made by the Northern Construction
Company and further work will have to be done in the spring.
A short distance north of Mile 27 the toe of the embankment was damaged. This will have
to be repaired in the spring.
At Mile 35 a large rock and dirt slide blocked the line. This was opened up by our Mons
section-gang.    More material will come down at this point when the spring thaws, set in.
A double culvert at Mile 35.4 was entirely too small to carry the flood-waters at that point,
resulting in the washing-out of 105 feet of road-bed to a depth of 8 to 10 feet. Temporary
repairs in the nature of a trestle were made by our B. and B. gang. Permanent repairs consisting of a rock-fill, protection-cribs, and a 15-foot open-span culvert were made by the Northern
Construction Company. A new protection-crib up-stream will have to be rock-filled in the
spring.
The dump at the north bulk-head of a small bridge near Mile 43 was damaged and will
need permanent repairs in the spring. Temporary repairs were made by the Northern Construction Company.
Wedge Mountain Creek, Mile 43.5, became jammed with logs and trees and formed a new
channel about 60 feet wide, just south of the south abutment, and 10 feet deep. One 30-foot
span of the bridge was also damaged. A temporary trestle was put in by our B. and B. gang.
This has been partially replaced by a permanent rock-fill put in by the Northern Construction
Company. The latter company is at present framing a 60-foot truss for this point. The completion of the rock-fill approach and the construction of two or three protection-cribs will be
necessary in the spring. Z 36 British Columbia. 1922
Practically the whole road-bed, a fill 5 or 6 feet high, between Mile 44 and the Green River
Bridge, was taken out for a distance of 500 feet. This was caused by the Green River leaving
its old channel, which had become blocked by a log-jam. Permanent repairs in the nature of
a new fill and a protection-crib were made by the Northern Construction Company. The river-
protection crib will have to be rock* and brush filled in the spring.
At the entrance to the Green River Canyon, Mile 49, a hand-laid rock-fill was taken out
where the track passes around the face of a high rock bluff. The face of this bluff had to be
shot down in order to get a solid foundation for the road-bed. This work was done by the
Northern Construction Company.    Some further trimming may be necessary in the spring.
Between Mile 54 and the Green River Falls the line was gutted at intervals, interspersed
with slides from the clay and boulder hillside. Repairs here to date have consisted of throwing
the track into the hillside, the partial rebuilding of the road-bed, and the construction of a
number of protection toe-cribs. Further work will be necessary in the spring The work was
done by the Northern Construction Company, assisted for a time by our B. and B. gang.
At Pemberton, just north of Mile 57, 1-Mile Creek became jammed with logs, jumped its
banks, and took out the north leg and tail of our wye. It also caused some minor damage to
the main line between the wye and the water-tank. Repairs here consisted of the building of
a new wye on the opposite side of the track. This work, except the track-laying, was done by
the Northern Construction Company. The jams in 1-Mile Creek will have to be cleaned out in
the spring and some river-protection cribs put iu.
At Owl Creek, Mile 64.4, there were two wash-outs, one 35 feet long and 10 feet deep and
the other about 300 feet long and from 1 to 2 feet deep. Repairs at this point by means of
tie-cribs, blocks, and logs were made by the B. and B. gang. This work should be made
permanent in the spring.
Some scouring took place at the south approach to Bridge 69.6. This was repaired by the
B. and B. gang.
Between the above point and Lillooet, Mile 120, there were many small wash-outs, slides,
and jams, etc., too numerous to mention and not particularly noteworthy. These repairs and the
clearing of the line were done by the B. and B. and local section gangs.
North of Lillooet to as far north as Kelly Lake, Mile 33, E.L.N., there were a number of
slides. These slides took place for the most part at the following points: Between Mile 3.5
and Mile 6; between Miles 8 and 10; and between Miles 22 and 33. The clearing of these slides
was done by our own gangs. Due to the water-logged condition of the ground at Mile 3.5 a
series of old slope-protection cribs gave way, causing the slope to slide. The track was thrown
into the bank and a pile trestle will be built at this point as soon as the condition of the ground
permits. This is very hard ground to hold and new slope-protection cribs may ultimately be
required.    As noted above, no material damage occurred north of Kelly Lake.
Repairs to Road-bed and Structures, due to October-November Floods.
Immediately after the flood our own limited forces, composed of the B. and B. gang, extra
gang, local section-gangs, and such other labour as could be obtained, under the combined
direction of Roadmaster Tuck and B. and B. Master Dillon, were put to work repairing minor
damages to the extent of allowing gas-cars to get through with materials, tools, and supplies,
and work-trains from both ends to get to points as far into the damaged district as possible,
which from the Pemberton side was, for work-trains, as far south as Mile 55 and from the
Squamish side north as far as the Cheekye Bridge at Mile 9.7. Gas-cars could get through
from Squamish to Mile 23, where a transfer of 900 feet was made to cars which could reach
that point from Pemberton and points north of there.
In making this trip by gas-car, which for some time was the only means of taking men,
materials, and supplies to the various points where repair-gangs were at work, suspended track
ranging in length from 20 to 130 feet in length had to be crossed at eleven points. Supplies
were brought in this manner from both Squamish aud Lillooet, all available gas-cars along that
portion of the road being pressed into this service for a matter of some three or four weeks.
During the latter part of that time these cars, equipped with improvised snow-ploughs, bucked
snow to a depth of 2% to 3 feet. Too much credit cannot be given to the operators of these
cars in keeping the line open and in getting supplies through, thereby enabling the work to be
pushed to completion. These men were out in all kinds of weather and to all hours of the
night. 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 37
In the meantime arrangements had been made with the Northern Construction Company,
Limited, to take over the work of reconstructing the damaged portions of the line. By the end
of the first week in November nine camps or boarding outfits were established between Cheekye
and Pemberton. These camps and outfits housed thirteen gangs, the total number of men
averaging from 160 to 170.
Our B. and B. and extra gangs cleared the line between Lillooet and Mile 55. Along this
portion there were a number of points where minor repairs were necessary, and at Owl Creek
there were two wash-outs of considerable proportions which were temporarily repaired for the
passage of trains by cribbing up with logs and ties.
Between Squamish and Cheekye there were ten small wash-outs which were temporarily
repaired by blocking, filling, and the construction of a new pile trestle 75 feet long and 13
feet high. Between Cheekye and Cheakamus there were two small wash-outs, repaired by
blocking and filling. At Cheakamus the track was thrown away from the badly scoured river-
bank, some riprapping was done, and the old siding was repaired and reconnected at the north
end to allow the passage of trains through the same. All of the work mentioned in this
paragraph was done by our gangs, composed of B. and B. men, sectionmen from Squamish and
Cheakamus, and such local labour as could be picked up.
The direction of our forces on the Pemberton end was under Roadmaster Tuck and at the
Squamish end under B. and B. Master Dillon. As soon as the Northern Construction Company
got under way our forces, with the exception of sectionmen, were placed at the disposal of
the Construction Company in order to expedite the work. This arrangement worked admirably
and was maintained until the beginning of December, when, the line being open, our B. and B.
gangs "were withdrawn and put back to their regular duties. The work done by the Northern
Construction Company was under the direction of Superintendent Flesher, of that company.
At Cheekye, where 130 feet of the road-bed was taken out to a depth of 12 feet and 90 feet
of the bridge destroyed, a temporary pile trestle was put in, being so constructed that a portion
of it could be used as false-work for a 125-foot Howe-truss span. This was completed for the
passage of trains at the end of November and work in connection with building the truss was
begun. This work is now under way and will be carried through to completion. Other work
to be done at this point consists of bucking up a quantity of logs and trees lodged on the
up-stream river-bed, diverting the stream to somewhat its old bed, and the installation of three,
and possibly four, river-protection cribs.    This latter work should be done early in the spring.
At Cheakamus a gang was put to work riprapping the river-bank, but has since been laid
off, it being deemed advisable to leave this work until spring.
At Mile 20 about 80 feet of road-bed that went out was repaired to the extent of being
passable under slow orders. The situation here presented some difficulty. This point is in
the Cheakamus Canyon and time and topography both prevented anything in the nature of a
trestle or span. A rock and dirt All was made. A toe-crib was built at the bottom to prevent
the fill slipping out. Logs laid in the top of the fill supported the track. This work was done
under most adverse conditions, nearly as much snow having to be shovelled as other material
handled. More filling is required and more height to the crib, but on account of weather and
other conditions it has been decided to discontinue work at this point until later.
Between Mile 20 and AVatson Siding three wash-outs were repaired by making rock-fills and
throwing the track in. The work left to be done at this point in the spring consists of lining
and surfacing.
At Mile 23, where 900 feet of the high rock-fill was taken out completely, a temporary grade
and track was put in, hugging the rock bluff closely. From the face of this bluff material was
obtained with which to rebuild the fill. As fast as this work progressed the track was thrown
out on to the new work. As in the case at Mile 20, work has been stopped for the present.
It should be completed in the spring. Other work to be done consists of the building of a
training-wall crib whose exact position and extent it' will be impossible to determine before the
snow goes off.
At Mile 35 our Mons section-gang opened the line through a rock and dirt slide. More work
will have to be done at this point, as all that is preventing more material from sliding in is the
frost.
At Mile 35.4, where 105 feet of the road-bed to a depth of 8 to 10 feet went out, a temporary
framed trestle from material cut in the woods alongside was put in.    Later this was rock- Z 38 British Columbia. 1922
filled, except for a 15-foot span supported at each end by rock-filled log cribs with wings. Two
hundred feet of protection-crib was built, but not filled, up-stream to replace the old crib which
was destroyed. The filling of this crib and some track-surfacing will have to be- done in the
spring.
At Mile 43.5, where Wedge Mountain Creek left its bed and took out 60 feet of road-bed to
a depth of 8 to 10 feet and damaged the bridge, a temporary framed trestle of material cut
close by was put in. Later this was partially filled. Permanent repairs will be in the nature
of a 00-foot Howe^truss span. This work will be taken in hand by the Cheekye gang as soon
as'it is through with the span at that point. Other work remaining to be done in the spring
is the diverting of the stream, bucking up of drift, and the building of two or three small river-
protection cribs in the spring.
At Mile 44, where 500 feet of dirt-fill was taken out by the Green River, a rock-fill was
made and a river-protection crib was built but not filled. This crib will have to be filled in the
spring and about 600 feet of track-surfacing done.
At Mile 49, which is in the Green River Canyon, where the original old hand-laid rock-fill
was taken out, the face of the rock bluff had to be shot down and the track thrown in, the
material shot down being used for fill aud riprap. Obstructing boulders and a point of rock
on the other side of the canyon, which were throwing the river against us, were shot out. Some
slope-trimming may be necessary and lining and track-surfacing will have to be done in the
spring.
From Mile 54 to the Green River Falls the road-bed was badly gutted. Here it was necessary
to build three extensive toe-cribs and to excavate into the boulder, rock, and clay hillside in
order to get room to throw the track and at the same time obtain material with which to rebuild
the road-bed. While a large amount of work was done at this point, there remains a considerable
amount to be done in the spring before this point is in satisfactory condition.
At Pemberton, where the wye was destroyed, a new wye was laid out on the opposite side
of the track. This has just been completed ready for track-laying and the building of two small
culverts. AAreather conditions are such that it is inadvisable to complete this work before spring.
After the track is laid some filling will be necessary on and near the tail. The work to be done
at 1-Mile Creek is the removal of the jam above the bridge, the blocking of three flood-channels,
and the installation of some river-protection works, the extent of which it is impossible as yet
to determine on account of the snow and ice.
A small amount of filling and the blocking of a flood-channel will have to be done at Owl
Creek, where temporary repairs, as noted elsewhere, were made.
At Mile 3% north of Lillooet, where the cribs went out, the track was thrown in, but nothing
further has been done. A pile trestle will be built at this point as soon as weather conditions
permit, the ground at present being frozen tight.
The tabulation of costs of the foregoing work is not yet complete. These will be sent iu in
due course. The weather conditions for the greater part of the time were most adverse and
the cost was therefore higher than it would have been at any other time of the year. This has
been a controlling factor in shutting down the work at this time.
Trains from the north and south met at Mons on the afternoon of November 30th, and
the first passenger-train went through on December 2nd, being the first through after the
annulling of No. 1 on October 28th, It is only in the last few days that our heaviest engines
have been put in service again over this portion of the road.
Repairs on Account of Flood Damage (Supplementary, 1922).
Mile 2, eighteen cars earth. Mile 3.0, six cars rock. Mile 4, twenty cars rock. Mile 4.3,
ten cars rock. Cheekye, Mile 9.7, bridge of 120-foot span completed; two piers half-filled and
fifty-two cars rock and channel work. Mile 10, ten cars rock. Along Cheakamus, 144 cars rock.
Mile 20 to 20.5, eighty-nine cars rock. Crib, 10 by 12 by 80, finished and filled. Mile 23, 204
cars rock. Mile 27, fourteen cars rock. Mile 35, fourteen cars rock and gravel; three
cribs, 6 by 6 by 76, 6 by 6 by 72, and 5 by 6 by 200, lost, unfilled; also 15-foot span. Mile
43, completed bridge, 60-foot span; seventy-four cars rock and channel work. Mile 44,
fifty-three cars gravel and thirty-two rock. Crib, 6 by 8 by 200 unfilled and damaged.
Mile 49, sixteen cars rock. Mile 54, 304 cars rock; three cribs all filled, 12 by 10 by 170, 12 by
10 by 80, and 14 by 10 by 50.    Mile 57, fifty-four cars ballast, laid new wye, old taken up, log-jam 12 Geo. 5 Department of Railways. Z 39
removed, and 500 feet rock and log training-wall. Mile 04, log and tie blocking still in place.
Foregoing points all lined and surfaced. Small repairs at many points. Telephone-line under
repair.    Piles driven for bridge at 3.5, Lillooet.
(c.) Construction, 1921.
(1.) Chasm to Cottonwood.—Ballasting had been completed to Deep Creek and track had
been laid to Australian Creek in 1920. During January, February, and March only, mill and
logging operations were carried on. In April ballasting operations were started from the Soda
Creek Pit; in the meantime bridge-erection from Australian Creek to Cottonwood was put under
way and carried out continuously throughout the year, seventeen bridges being erected, containing 1,763,000 F.B.M.
In the middle of June it was possible to start to lay track, and this was done and the
Cottonwood Crossing reached on August 24th; a total distance of 37 miles of main line track
having been put down, sidings and yards and wyes being addition.
Ballasting followed the track-laying and was carried to within 2 miles of the Cottonwood
Crossing before closing down for the season.
A steam-shovel and several outfits of men were employed during the whole season, both
behind and ahead of the track, clearing out slides and regrading about 8 miles of line. Some of
these slides were bad, particularly those at Soda Creek, 6-Mile Creek, and the slide about 3
miles north of the town of Quesnel.
There were also erected station buildings, section-houses, tanks, a small two-stall engine-
shed, and other buildings.
(2.) Prince George South to Red Rock Siding.—About the middle of October the track-
laying outfit was #ioved from the Cottonwood Crossing to Prince George, and track-laying immediately proceeded with and Red Rock Siding, 17.5 miles south from Prince George, reached in
December, when work w,as suspended.
In addition to the above work, three bridges, which were partially finished in 1920, were
completed and four additional structures were erected; the total number of feet board measure
in these bridges amounted to 1,260,000.
Supplementary, 1922.
Chasm to Cottonwood and Prince George South.—In 1922 the only new construction carried
out was the placing of the second 150-foot span across the Quesnel River and partially rock-
filling the piers and abutment of this bridge. Some slides developed on certain sections of the
line south of the town of Quesnel, and on these it was necessary to do some additional grading,
to change the line at Bridge No. 160, and rebuild the same. Some strengthening in the foundations in Bridge No. 159 was found necessary to carry out.    This is now complete.
A list of certificates issued during the year is given in Appendix A.
Accidents which  have occurred on railways under  the jurisdiction  of this Department  and
reported as required by the Act are given in Appendix B.
A list of the railways incorporated under Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia since
1883 is given in Appendix C.
A list of railways (common carriers and industrial) operating under the Department's
jurisdiction is given in Appendix D. ,
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Tour obedient servant,
A. F. PROCTOR,
Chief Engineer. APPENDICES.
APPENDIX A.
Certificates, 1921.
Cert. No.
Dolly Varden Railway—
Authority to carry traffic over portion of railway      454
Kettle A'alley Railway, Copper Mountain Branch—
Authority to carry traffic over the Copper Mountain Branch  (controlled
by Federal authorities)        455
Pacific Great Eastern Railway—
Increase in express rates      455a
Local Return Passenger Tariff      456
Grouse Mountain Scenic Incline Railway Co.—
Extension of time to April 1st, 1923  *....    457
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co.—
Express Tariff      458
Special Commodity Tariff on Potatoes       459
Local Interurban Passenger Tariff      460
Local Joint and Proportional Freight Tariff     461
Special Commodity Tariff on Box-shooks      462
Special Commodity Tariff on Box-shooks       463
Express Tariff      464
B.C. Electric Railway Co., Ltd.—
Standard Maximum Freight Mileage Tariff      465
General Rules and Regulations—
Speed of Electric Railways in B.C     465a
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co.—
Local Joint and Proportional Freight Tariff      466
B.C. Electric Railway Co.—
Freight and Express Tariffs      467
Freight and Express Tariffs     468
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co.—
Special Commodity Tariff on Potatoes       469
Special Mileage Tariff on Sawlogs       470
Special commodity rate on lumber, etc., for export     471
Special Commodity Tariff on Apples      472
Spur track of Corporation of the City of North Vancouver crossing tracks
of P.G.E     473
Rules and Regulations for the Operation of Electric Railways—
Making application before changing from two-man operation to one-man ..    474
B.C. Electric Railway Co.—
Operation of one-man cars      475
Pacific Great Eastern Railway Co.—
Permission to operate from AVilliams Lake to Quesnel      476
B.C. Electric Railway Co., Ltd.—
Standard Freight Mileage Tariff      477
Industrial spur track on Queens Avenue, New AA'estminster     47S 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 41
APPENDIX  B.
Accident Report, J 921.
Persons injured.
Result.
Cause.
Comox Logging & Railway Co. I
1 trainman    j Bruised hips and abdomen   | Ends of logs running together when train
Killed  	
stopped.
Locomotive boiler exploded.
Crow's Nest Southern Railway.
Cut on right cheek  . .
Killed   	
Burns about head, face,
Left leg broken   	
Scalp-wound	
Fracture of left tibia ,
Steel in eve	
Bruised chest, hip, and
>>               j>
Left wrist  sprained   ,
and hands
1 trainman   	
Deceased lying in centre of track face
downward, engine ran over him. Coroner's verdict, accidental death.
Explosion of kerosene-lamp.
Trespasser deaf and dumb; stepped in
front of motor-car!
Jumping from motor-car to avoid collision.
left
arm . .
Driving spike.
Collision of two motor-cars.
1 section labourer   	
1 fire   patrolman   	
1 carpenter   	
Right leg broken and arm
bruised
Loosening bents, one falling too soon. Z 42
British Columbia.
1922
APPENDIX C.
Railways incorporated under Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia since 1883.
d
Name of Railway.
£3
V
Remarks.
30
1903
Lapsed.
46
40
ISO 8
1890
Asheroft & Cariboo Rlv.	
60
52
'52
49
1890
1891
1896
1906
Asheroft,   Barkerville   &   Ft.   George
Rly.
Arrowhead & Kootenay Rly	
»
47
1898
65
1901
,,
Atlin  Short Line Rly.  & Navigation
Co.
Atlin Southern Rly	
7©
1899
"
80
1897
„
Barkerville,    Asheroft,    &   Kamloops
Rly.
Bedlington & Nelson Rly	
46
1897
"
47
1897
Declared for public benefit, c. 53, 1899.
Bedlington & West Kootenay Rly.   . .
46
1893
Lapsed.
48
1907
Bella Coola & Fraser Lake	
50
1906
British Columbia & Alaska Rly	
56
1910
British Columbia & Northern	
32
1903
53
1906
51
57
52
1906
1910
1906
British Columbia Northern & Alaska
Rly.
36
1893
Amended, c. 47, 1893 ; repealed c. 53, 1894 ; c. 39, 1894 ;
c.  4,  1896 ; c.  53,   1896 ;  c.  33,  1897.    Declared for
British Columbia Electric Rly.—
public benefit, c. 36, 1897.
31
1886
Lapsed.
38
51
1S89
1890
Incorporation.
Vancouver Electric Rly. & Light Co.
Amendment.
National Electric Tramway & Light
Co.
Ditto     	
39
1809
Victoria Electric Rly. & Light Co., c. 62, 1894.
52
65
1800
1890
Amendment.
Westminster   &   Vancouver   Tram
67  •
1890
Amended.
way  Co.
British Columbia Electric Co.   . . .
49
1890
„
71
1891
] Act  to  amalgamate   Westminster   Street  Rly.   &  West-
( minster & Vancouver Tramway Co.
51
1894
Amended.    Land grant.
Consolidated Rly. & Light Co.   ...
56
1894
Incorporation.
oo
1896
Amendment.'
A'ictoria Electric Rly. & Light Co.
63
1894
City of Victoria to supply light and power.
A'ictoria & British Columbia Elec
81
1897
Supply electric light  and  power in  and  around  City of
tric Rly.  Co. Agreemene
Victoria.
British Columbia Yukon Rly. Co.  ..
49
1897
Operating.
Burrard Inlet & Fraser A'alley Rly...
54
1891
Amended, c. 48, 1893, and c. 59, 189o.    Lapsed.
Burrard Inlet Rly. & Ferry Co	
53
1891
Lapsed.
Canadian North-eastern Rly	
74
1911
,,
Canadian Northern Rly	
48
1892
,.
3
4
1910
1910
Main Lines.—Agreement.
Canadian Northern Pacific Rly	
(a.)  Yellowhead Pass to Vancouver, completed ;  (6.) Vic
toria to Barclay  Sound, time extended to July 1st,
1917.
„
32
1912
Barclay Sound to Nootka Sound, time extended to July
1st, 1917.
57
1913
Branch Lines.—(a.) Westminster Bridge to Vancouver,
time extended to July 1st, 1917 ; (6.) Westminster
Bridge to Steveston, time extended to July 1st, 1917 ;
(c.)   A'ictoria to Patricia Bay, completed. 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 43
APPENDIX C—Continued,
Railways incorporated under Acts ov the Legislature of British Columbia—Continued.
a
Name of Railway.
O
tH
Remarks.
58
1913
Amendment to c. 4, 1910.
„
59
1913
Terminals.—Port Mann, New Westminster, Vancouver,
Victoria, Steveston, and Patricia Bay.
,,                                                                 ....
61
1914
Further aid towards construction.
„
62
1914
Amendment to c. 57, 1913. Declared for public benefit,
Order in Council, February 20th, 1917.
Canadian  Pacific Rly	
11
1880
Land grant.
Canadian Western Central Rly	
20
1889
Land subsidy.
„
34
1889
Incorporation. Amended, c. 40, 1890 ; c. 36, 1892 ; c. 39,
1893 ; c. 4, 1895 ; c. 35, 1897.    Lapsed.
50
62
1898
1910
Cariboo, Barkerville, & Willow River
Rly.
Cariboo Rly.  'Asheroft & Cariboo) ..
55
1897
Amendment, c. 50, 1897.    Lapsed.
35
1897
Crown grant.
52
1897
Chilkat & Klehine Rly. & Navigation
Co.
Chilliwack Rly	
68
1801
Lapsed.
55
1891
Declared for public benefit, c. 43, 1893.    Not built.
Columbia & Carbonate Mountain Rly.
61
1890
Lapsed.
Columbia & Kootenay Rly	
21
1889
Land subsidy.
	
62
1890
Amended, c. 49, 1892 ; c. 60, 1895. Declared for public
benefit, c. 80, 1890.
Columbia & Kootenay Rly. & Trans
25
1883
Amended, c. 24, 1884 ; c. 21, 1889 ; c. 41, 1890.    Lapsed.
portation Co.
8
1896
Subsidy Act.    Repealed, c. 8, 1903.
54
1896
Incorporation.    Amended, c. 12, 1898 ; c.  14, 1899 ; c. 4,
1900 ; c. 70, 1901 ; c. 9, 1903 ; c.  9, 1906.    Declared
for public benefit, c. 61, 1898.
69
1901
Amended c. 9, 1902. Declared for public benefit, c. 199,
1903.
58
1904
71
1901
63
1910
Operating.
Cowichan, Alberni, & Fort Rupert Rly
59
1904
Amended, c. 54, 1906.    Lapsed.
72
1901
Lapsed.
Crow's Nest & Kootenay Lake Rly...
44
1888
Incorporation. Amended, c. 63, 1800; c. 56, 1801. Repealed, c. 53, 1894.    Lapsed.
■»                         ,,
72
1888
Land grant.
58
1908
Amended, c. 64, 1911.    Lapsed.
73
1901
Operating (G.N.R. or V.V. & E. Rly.).
Delta,   New  Westminster,  & Eastern
'57
1894
Amended, c. 54, 1897.    Lapsed.
Rly.
Act, 1917. Time to complete, December 31st, 1018;
amended, c. 22, 1919. A'ested in Taylor Engineering
Co., Ltd., c. 92, 1920.
Delta  Rly	
34
1887
Lapsed.
52
1898
,,
East Kootenay Logging Rly	
52
1907
Operating.
61
1897
Lapsed.
East Kootenav Valley Rly	
53
1898
Eastern British Columbia Rly	
60
1008
Operating.
13
1875
Land grant. Repealed, c. 16, 1882. Amended, c. 28,
1888 ; c. 45, 1888.
26
1903
Settlers' Rights Act.
	
33
1912
Agreement. Amended, c. 60, 1913. Declared for public
benefit, c. 90, 1909.
Flathead A'alley Rly	
33
1903
Lapsed.
52
63
1909
1905
26
1883 Z 44
British Columbia.
1922
APPENDIX C—Continued.
Railways incorporated cinder Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia—Continued.
Name of Railway.
3
>i
Remarks.
Graham Island Rly	
54
1909
Lapsed.
Amendment.     Time extended to 1918.
65
19
1910
1908
Crown grant.    Amended, e. 22, 1900 ; c. 34, 1012.     Oper
ating.
Grouse Mountain Scenic Incline Rly.
66
1911
Time extended to April 1st, 1023.
Hall, Mines, Ltd., Tramway Act  . . .
59
1894
Lapsed.
Hardy Bay & Quatsino Sound Rly.  . .
55
1909
,,
Harrison Hot Springs Tramway   . . .
68
1891
Howe   Sound,   Pemberton   Valley   &
53
1907
$5,000 deposit with Minister of Finance.
Northern  Rly.
67
1910
Amendment  to  c.   53,   1907.    Amalgamated  with  Pacific
Great Eastern.
Hudson Bay Pacific Rly	
61
1908
Lapsed.
77
1901
Island Vallev Rlv	
68
83
1910
1899
"
. 48
78
58
1900
1901
1906
"
Kamloops & Yellowhead Pass Rly...
',,
Kaslo & Lardo-Duncan Rly	
58
1897
37
52
1892
1892
Land grant.
Incorporation.    Amended, c. 41, 1894 ; c. 61, 1894 ; c. 36,
1897 ;  C.P.R.   was  paid   $100,000  for  reconstructing
Kaslo & Slocan Rly.  fc. 37, 1912).    Now operating.
Kaslo & Slocan Tramway Co	
52
1893
Lapsed.
Kettle River A'alley Rly	
26
1910
Agreement.
35
53
1912
1912
Ratify Agreement, Jan. 12th, 1912.    \ Leased to C.P.R.
By-law operating.                                  J
Kitimat Rly	
54
1898
Amended, c. 84, 1899._   Lapsed.
Kootenay & North-west Rly	
55
1898
Amended, c. 85, 1899.    Lapsed.
Kootenay Lake Shore & Lardo Rly.. .
53
1893
Lapsed.
2-5
1887
Land grant.    Lapsed.
35
1887
Incorporation.    Lapsed.
Kootenay, Cariboo, & Pacific Rly. .. .
34
1903
Lapsed.
79
1901
,,
35
29
1903
1888
Declared for the public benefit.
Kootenay Rly. & Navigation Co.   . . .
Land grant.    Lapsed.
,,                      ,,                     ■ • •
46
1888
Change of title.    Lapsed.
Columbia & Kootenay Rly. & Naviga
35
1889
Lapsed.
tion Co.
62
1908
Operating.
80
1901
Lapsed.
54
1893
,,
64
1897
,,
Liverpool & Canoe Pass Rly	
57
1891
,,
56
1909
Lapsed, $5,000 deposited with Minister of Finance.
69
SI
1910
1901
Time extended to March 28th, 1919.
Amended, c. 45, 1902.    Repealed, c. 45, 1902.    Amended,
c. 36, 1904 ; c. 60, 1906.     Lapsed.
44
1899
Morrissey, Fernie, & Michel Rly.   . . .
37
1903
Mountain Tramway & Electric Rly...
56
1898
Lapsed.
Mount Tolmie Park & Cordova Bay
Rlv.
Naas & Skeena Rivers Rly	
55
1803
"
69
1911
Amended, c.  79, 1016.    Extension  of time to May 31st,
1020.
56
1893
Amended, c. 43, 1804.    Taken over by C.P.R. under c. 64,
1019.
66
1897
Lapsed.
Nanaimo Electric Tramway Co	
69
1891
,,
25
1881
,,
Nelson & Fort Sheppard Rly	
58
1891
Amended, c. 42, 1894 ; c. 37, 1897. 12 Geo. 5
Department of RaiLavays.
Z 45
APPENDIX C—■Continued.
Railways incorporated under Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia—Continued,
n
jj
Name of Railway.
£h
Remarks.
38
1892
Land grant.    Declared for the public benefit, c. 57, 1893.
,,              •            	
42
1894
Amended, c. 42, 1894 ; c. 37, 1897.
New AVestminster-Port Moody Rly. .
14
1882
Amended, c. 25, 1884.    Lapsed.
Nelson & Arrow Lake   	
57
1893
Lapsed.
New Westminster & Vancouver Short
37
1889
Amended, c. 67, 1892 ; c. 60, 1896.    Lapsed.
Line Rly.
,
New Westminster Southern Rly.   ...
27
1883
Lapsed.
"                     "
36
1887
Amended, c. 36, 18S9. Operating. G.N.P. purchased from
Port Kells to Bridge, New Westminster. Since sold
to Canadian Northern.
Nicola,    Kamloops,    &    Similkameen
47
1891
Amended, c. 38, 1903.    Declared for public benefit, c. 164,
Coal & Rly. Co.
1903.
59
1891
Declared for the public benefit.
37
1893
Chap. 50, 1892.
Amended, c. 86, 1899.    Lapsed.
North Star & Arrow Lake Rlv	
58
1898
Northern A'ancouver Island Rly.   .. .
71
1910
"
70
1911
Time extended to March 28th, 1919. $5,000 deposited
with Minister of Finance.
40
1890
Lapsed.
64
1890
,,
59
1803
,,
Pacific Great Eastern Rly	
34
1913
Amended, c. 61, 1913 ; c. 62, 1913 ; c. 65, 1914.
36
1012
Under construction.
Pacific Northern & Eastern Rly.   . . .
39
1003
Lapsed.
Pacific Northern & Omineca Rly.   . . .
50
1000
Amended, c. 55, 1902; c. 77, 1902; c. 40, 1903; c. 67,
1005 ; c. 58, 1909. Lapsed. Security deposited with
Minister of Finance.
Pacific  Rly	
73
1010
Lapsed.
73
74
59
1011
1010
1898
Portland & Stikine Rly	
59
1909
Amended, c. 74, 1911. Now called Canadian North-eastern
Rly.    Abandoned.
Portland Canal Rly	
56
1907
Port Moody, Indian River, & Northern
7.5
1910
Rly.
Prince Rupert & Port Simpson Rly.. .
60
1909
,,
Quatsino Rly	
42
1903
,,
83
1901
Amended, c. 5'7, 1907.
63
1905
Lapsed.
76
1910
58
1907
61
1893
Declared for public benefit, c. 60, 1895.
61
1898
Lapsed.
51
1900
,,
64
1906
St. Marv's Valley Rlv	
65
1906
Shuswap & Okanagan Rly	
26
1887
Amended, c. 30, 1888 ; c. 42, 1890 ; c. 37, 1891.
62
1898
Lapsed.
Skeena River Rly. Colonization & Ex
63
1898
„
ploration Co.
64
1898
63
88
1906
1898
Amended, c. 61, 1909.    Time extended to May 27th, 1919.
Lapsed.
66
1906
,,
70
1905
,.
Stickeen & Teslin Rly. Navigation &
71
1897
„
Colonization Co.
Toad Mountain & Nelson Tranmway
70
1891
Amended, c. 44, 1898 ; c. 40, 1900.
Incorporation
Ditto          . .         	
185
1897
Chap.  58,  1901,  an  Act  respecting the  Incorporation of
Tramway, Telephone, and Telegraph Companies. Z 46
British Columbia.
1922
APPENDIX C—Continued.
Railways incorporated under Acts of the Legislature of British Columbia—Continued.
Name of Railway.
S3
O
3
Remarks.
50
1910
Amended, c. 51, 1911.
Upper Columbia Navigation & Tram
50
1891
way Co.
Vancouver & Grand Forks Rly	
84
1901
Lapsed.
A'ancouver   &   Lulu   Island   Electric
61
1891
,,
Rly.  &  Improvement Co.
A'ancouver & Lulu Island Rly	
00
1891
Amended, c.  73, 1897 ; c.  52, 1900.    Declared for
benefit, c. 86, 1901.
public
Vancouver & Nicola A'alley Rly.   . . .
63
1908
Amended, c. 80, 1910.    Lapsed.
A'ancouver & Northern Rly	
64
1909
Lapsed.
A'ancouver & Westminster Rly	
53
1900
Amended, c. 78, 1902.
A'ancouver   Island   Hydro-electric   &
Incoporated,  joint-stock company,  November  12th,
1912.
Tramway Co., Ltd.
Lapsed.
15
1882
Lapsed.
Vancouver-Nanaimo Rly. Transfer Co.
74
1897
,,
Vancouver,   Northern,  & Yukon  Rly.
89
1899
Amended, c. 55, 1900.    Lapsed.
Vancouver, Northern, Peace River, &
62
1891
Lapsed.
■   Alaska Rly. & Navigation Co.
A'ancouver,  A'ictoria &  Eastern Rly.
75
1S97
Declared for public benefit, c. 172, 1905.    G.N.R.
& Navigation  Co.
Vernon and Okanagan Rly	
63
1891
Lapsed.
65
1909
,,
Victoria & Northern America Rly.  . .
64
1891
,,
16
1886
29
79
1886
1902
•'
A'ictoria & Seymour Narrows Rly.  ..
39
66
1892
1892
\ Operated by G.N.R.    Train servi
.sidy.   .,         1      continued April 30th, 1919.    Th
Incorporation.                                    .     . .     ,
way now out of business.
ce dis-
is rail-
A'ictoria & Yellowhead Pass Rly. Aid
70
1902
Lapsed.
A'ictoria Terminal Rlj7. & Ferry Co.. .
85
86
1901
1901
Amended, c. 54, 1905 1                 . ,
By-law.                   j °Perated b* G'N-R-
A'ictoria,  Vancouver,   &  Westminster
64
1894
Amended, c. 76, 1897.    Lapsed.
44
1911
Lapsed.
28
1883
44
1911
Operating.
87
1901
Lapsed.
Yukon   Mining  &  Trading   &   Trans
38
1897
portation Co.
Ditto	
77
1897
Lapsed. 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 47
o
o
a
o
Q
a
fc
M
—
Pi
K
H
tn
P-i
P
-
•suD
•Daita
■mna;g
2   - S
£ 1
CJ +j
S 3
P tn
a
o ^
u CM
CJ    P   rM    P   ^J
W) H
s
Pi  a
<ri
&  u
CJ
CO
to
3   53
s.1
' S S
8 S"
* p. oj    *i
S e * u
™ C SI    y  .
; 8 s S £
.   ft 18 Oil
S 5 f.rt p-7   -
8 a ■a s
Si s a m .»* •-
B   d   fl   P
,-<        fI H ID Cl        i—' io
; ,m * .,
,   y w m
, pj ro t,
:   £ g oj
M  Ol Cl tH •  r-i  rH rH  Cl CO Cl ■  \0  r-i  CO tH  "rfi CD Cl CN CD
^    ^^ :    ^
Ci  rfi IO CO rH-    • H  O 00
00 IO b-. .HJ   t- rH   O
CO  C| rH rH
7"
0
4-1
9 8
* §
< a
.S   03   OS   5
§««  cs
oi ^   cu ^
ffl O
<:    M
3 a «    KO
O B
s °
§ &
&C   rd
H     5
a   .2 a ° .s § a
3 s
CO o CO
H HH
S lO fr
,P    OJ   4J   +J
«   t» CO 50
S H .. _
_c3   «   £
SpB«
•~    .100
*! if IN tH
H b 10 10
o  o
0 o
P   oj
II
FH &
■a -c
1 I
0 •7"i
f I
1 g
^2 «0J
< <
6
V
S
s
o o   '
O U    .
m& ;
•9 s o
|«a „
2     H     °
W     En   .Q
"3 a a
sa i
OJ    OJ
M j. u
OJ    OJ
h   ta   !»
G   eS   cs
(5
08
•si
fc-8
0   O     *   o
q p CS d
ills
(U 5 "«
p a oj a
p I ■a
oj Q
_ a
T3   OS
H U
fl ™     .    .       'a;   OS
M og « M     00
0
a
03
6
a
ai
-H
IB
0J
t«
p
cS Z 48
British Columbia.
1922
s
o
«
o
o
'■S    s
e?   u
Q
H
X
►"i
<t
W
2
R
H
Cn
Q
■<^        HH
i-i
M
<
M
fa
o
■SBQ
•03IH
'mrj9ig
6
O
■5 M
^O  r-i rH
O O
^   CO
o  o
CJ    o
aj  o
o
cj    ..
to
O     CU
« p
CM
cu
—
oj
OT
ri
M
CJ
60
CJ
+j
^
-*
Cl
1 <? a
ci s 8
r « S3
ja is
^     CP
+J +J t-w
o o
£ S ot" c K
o o r* ri •_;
u o ri ty _{
o o « g
7 7 H-> W CD
S .3 ri o S
ri ri (d ^ o
'  rH ffl CO rH
CJ Q
- cl £
g ri u
ro cj=i +j
« a £
ca
+j     g     OT
CJ     ^   ,id
cu oo y
d d
°?CJ
"o   OT    C3
fl   an O H  9
OT     rt
W
M
.M
<H
CJ
cr
>J
M
Lj
■s
fH
-p
■P
CJ
+2
3
1)
CU
•a
TJ
■5
+J
ri
CJ
CJ
3
■M
CJ
CU
□
cu
'Ed
CJ
cu
d
c
d
bO
d
Tf;
a
-
to
o
(*:
CJ
Q
CJ
o
T_l
CN
CM
CM
-rH
tH
Cl rH   rH   ^ t- Cl Cl   r-i   CN   CD   C-1   Id
35
P  CO  t- 00  N  N
CM •* CU tp CO
CN oo (M Til IM
SsS    s.
o o w   a
a
: <
J&      r.      O      OS      O    .
s
TI
03
ES
r,
©
18
cs
ip
CJ
M
jafis<
S   ESSr
i-   ^   r  p   r*
8 5 q n W
+| . CO
CO .
OS '   2
m ' ca
p ' r-
S g §
1- &«>
01 O 1-
B .2
O —4     '
£H
s &
w in
: m
Scg g
a § * „ 2
t-. +j n
'C CO ~ c CO
03   t-I O OJ   rH
ij t- /5 & 1-
8 .". a
Dt-Q'n!
S
:3°
h a
- P5 K
e as
a ft.
I 1.3
jS.2-1
O V o
2    a
y os
■S d
ri S
d
■*-»   cu
CO   rrj
® e
sfz; ri
CU   -J
w a    aa
. CJ
o
^    CJ
I a
p
03 "3
H K
o 2
. u 3
0 , CO
u ^
oj ..
1 §   M
a 3-9
rl   t-.S
oj a
i». a
oS   03   >>
w > *
• a
-2-3 2
HBO
r j • >>
o £>   b Jj *
o a S t 2
.5   rO OJ -P
ii F a ■' ""
r4   ri
a S
B P9
£   £ «   o   ri
OOKBK 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 49
o
a
<
O
S3
o
O    O
1
Q
a
y,
r"l
—i
<■,
a
H
■a
H
H
&
&
K
<!   H
CO   Cl   rH   CD   Cl
rH   -ti   CO   IS   CO
rH rH   CO   O
ri
d
i,
d
CP
o
>> 16 -=. r-l
S N M E
■»- ^
is cS _, -2
" JJ rt 60
°S g .- a
• -w oj 'So
fa 3 •- o
cj cjd j2 h
IB   Ol    P.   CJ
w   cj
Is
- rt    m
•  oj ,S       co
t~
^
c
bo to
OT
OT
o
r-i
to to
to to
ri   ri
C3
to
ri
3 -1
cu
"3 £«
0
ri  d
cu
d
■d  «
OT     CJ
c
to
ri  a)
!R    H    Q   S     CJ   CR
-.
tjj     CJ
r.
«g
e
Wl
d g
q
^
CU   o
ri
cr
OT     CJ
to
d
ri  ^
fl
ot d
ri cd
CJ
0
cs W
+J
a +»
*■*
to
a a 2
o » «■
CJ CO
.r. 2 io
, & p a
'822
. 3 M a
• «   OS i8 ,
•SBO
•aaia
•ureajs
rH  01      •  rH  ■
rH   -r|H   Ol   rH   CO
PI   CO   IS  H
rS     : jssj
Ol CO     ■ CO co
-s
no   w
,H   .   .
: d : :
: ^ : :
be    ■     '
J? .9   M  OJ
Hr    d   --
CQ i2 -J. as.
p      co s >
I s .a■ a
315 St
-3    Cj    O    03    o
oS38-i
m :
a
oS CJ
1 S
P fe
P3
t4
CU
>)
r^
*1
ri
,5
s
-f-
W
ft
rU
T
+j
y
~
ri
c-
cu
O O S5
<i
3
K
la
d
s
3
a1
OT
OS
3
rH
r-
K
CO
s
o
+J 03
a os
OS 0
P CO
OJ
r?
. P s
. 03 03
•  r* r*
.   +J   -4-J
. 00 &0
"wot
. to to
d d
d'-w +3
P     CO     OT
d   ri   ri   :
£ m ffi
ri   cj
.   60        ^j
CO
OJ
a
a s m
J?   £   tH
OD 9
9 >
33 a
r oj 2 S
Sr    J-J      CS r.
o E H O
CO   2 O CD
CO  .      rH CO
I- ft IO t-
60
2
6 o o' o
W U tj V u
. cS
L.     t.      Cj      IH    -8
CJ   2   cj   JJ   OJ
a -2 -= -2 o
a a a a
3 8 a a "2
j^j a
cj 6 p 9 a
M B  O  » Ti
d   d   h » S
J M H r*. ^<
4
cs a
II
P   M
. o  : :
CJ
« 8 .
a *i o
§ W O
c"*   of tj
a = r?
g oj EH
M a
■8 £ a
oS W OS
W   03 3
r-l a
1.2 .5
Z    r5 r?
v6dfi
a o O „
2    *
S 8
i>J £
3 I
03
cj ci
3 °? « «s
t .2 u o
O 4J 03   OS
'A O Ch Ph Z 50
British Columbia.
1922
PS
K
cc
=3
-^
w
CJ
1)
y,
5
a
&
s
a
o
•~
O
u
a
a
r5
H
XI
rl
<
ti
M
'A
tH
Ui
5
-
ft
y.
<5
r-l
l-l
rH
|_;
o
-r
I-
c
c-
C
<r
t-
h-
('
^ cc
ir
TC
H-
cr
a
a
CT
IO   rH
o
I-
r-l   CC
CN   rH           Cl                   r-
CV
X C-1
Cl
+->
H
■rf-
u
cu
a
2
CU
.    CU
>
6
to
to
c
OT     ^
P
*OT
H
c
a
c
e
c
£
"a
QC
a
ra
CJ
CJ    U
d a
cr1
c
CJ
w .5
W     OT
d
,-c
rH
OT
ri    OT
■&  9
tr
to
.9
'ot
CU
+■»  p
-xi  '$
cu
+j   cu
c
a
c
c
^0   60
00   0    «
os   o        j-;
d
(H
CU
cu
*     OT    P
c
4
CJ
CU
d
d
o
«    OT
H«
rfl
CJ
d -c
(-   a.
c
0    C
d
cu
a
A
H
CJ
"0
OT
«
O
OT   cu
S ri
cars, 48 coal-cars
enger-car, 2 balla
k, 12 connected ti
enger-car, 1 flat c
ks
anger-car, 1 flat ca
onnected trucks
ing-cars   	
senger-cars,   1  bos
ks
tr
c
a
c
c
C
d
0
o
CJ
.CO
ri
V
cu
to
d  a
d  p
g »
CJ   CO
co t--
- ri
OT    cy    y
o  -^  -^
c  o  t.
U    O    P
-M    CJ   _t
1)   rH
■a -5
ri
to
6*
ri
Si
a
OT
00
!w    OT
ri pM
CJ    CJ
go43
d "o
cu   cu
Trunk Pacific ca
:ar, 1 coal-car, 73
senger-car,   5   flat
ks, 16 connected t
ri  53
cu  u
ta "
CJ
P   m   cj   j- ^   to  V
o  ot  p ,d  a  a  y
u a s k 3 •s g
IO                 CD
f.
rj          m   CJ
g0S    "HH
Hi
OT    C
ri  ri   E
a ft -H-
S S 2 w 5f 5 g
ft£ ^-° G-
d
/to
ri   cu
ft d
00
CO   rH
Cl c
•  Cl   tH   -HH   rH   rH   -$   ,-
■ r-
■OHrl
t- c
•
•SBQ
CO
rH
-::-:::
-
rH      •      •      ■
Cl
o
a
o
•03IH
CJ
o
o
rH-
•raBa+g
'-I
CO   rH
*-
•  C
•   Cl   rH      •   CJ   rpH   rH   Cl
•  Cl
•   rH   CD   (M
rH   r-
©
CO
©
CJ
SR^
n«
^    a*       ^     :    »          r?
i   r?
■-S3 ^      "^
CO
o -tf
\r
c
Cl  t-
-  © Cl  Cl  ICO  CO CJ IT
■  C
CO  CO
rH  r-
H
CM
.   rH
■   r-
SFH
o
to
d
to
CD
>
d
o
a
ft
xn
CJ
M
OS
a
03
60   b
•14
DQ CC
"cj
a
?
OJ
Pi
o
0
CJ
d
ri
Jd
o
d
s >
CU     K
-P    P
+j    4.
P    0
0 A
CQ CJ
4-
:
Q
E
7     -E
i
|
1
.s   w
K           r,
2      S
8           Oj
O          .Q     -
CJ          t.   o
7 a       S  a
o
hH
►H     C
o^
OT    6
K <
bi
£
a
Q
T
■ E«
«
H     +•
•
-r-
i
>
B   3   >
g   ««
-2 a
a * -
t G cs
'
ri
cu
pa c
al
g«
ft    E-
ri   -
rj   P
G* IS
'
.    ^
a
cu
>
•- f>      t>
t>
d
o
f
cu d  ri d
&
d
0
CJ
c
o d -S d
o
d
c
&
d
CJ
ri
cj   ri   cj   ri
ri
a
ri
>
>
St>^>
2
t>
CJ
o
S>
ft
+j
£
.fe   HJ   fe
+»• " 5Q *^
CQ +j* +j  +i
a
E-
CQ
a
cu CC   d CQ
CQ
CJ
ri
cu
hj
CU
d
OT
to
d
+3
:      F
1     1?
ft       tj
+j         o
—i     OT     rt     OT
«   to  P   CO
5.5 ga
> £
o" E
o r.
+j ■-
to c
B C
% cr
cu
«
p
3
3 o
B p
OT
d
ri
cu
P3  a
i!
Is
—•   s-
ri   u
V £
ri
rH
CD
.2 S
•1    "              O       .     U     M     r"     JO     &»
3 ^     ^2co*^"i:
CO         1.   hH ^ ot-  c
a 2
rj   "H    oS
3   I ra
rH   -a   CO
'
CO
r< h
O   r-
CJ ir
O ►" CO CO © ©   a
ft {? iH 00 ci ci w.
^P
.
6    '
d d
c
U O
;
r>l
u a   .
d
ri
ft
a
s
d
CU
OT
ri
H
CU
d
ri
o
a
c
a
c
1 ,   o
ll°
3  a  t.
J    P    OJ
t-i   g   r,
ag'St
a>   cu
S  d   a
ft
1
L
e
a
E
c
c
1
a
J
C
c
a
r=
OS
h
Hi     .
O    Cl
1
'
o
u
c
rS=      -
a j
«
o
a
ri
cu
5
CJ
s
OT 5
ri ft
CJ     CJ
(d CR
t)   *CJ
60 c
QQ 5
cj -z
cc   a
H 1 oj £ ^If a -
o  on hi   P   ri .ph        K
■=|..sJ|S g>s
rtMPn.2g.P;2c
+J    OT            ^    P   H    ii    >
t-OT+J^rt'^CUffi
oorior-idrvr
r3-C
Si
3!
3 S S 2
j cs o m
1 •& " g
a h
o
jOJ   a
H   p
a
O
H
ri
ri c
^ a -S; c
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft
ft ft
CQ K
cc
cc
a
f-
S-
ft
>
r-
P* 12 Geo. 5
Department of Railways.
Z 51
C
m
a
<
H
O
H
■«
ft
rH
a
o
«
r-l  CJ
©
CC
cv
Of
co cr
00
t-  CO
-tf
rH   rH   CO   rH   CO
Cl
Cl
H
.     CU
ot"
CO    ^
i   rB     0?
- o
JrJ
*   ri
OT   *—'
8 o
cu
d
g,«
WO^
d
cu
a
a
cu   Ml
OT
t  ri
ps
OT
ps
o
d
to
lough   .
tors' va
vans  .
cu   m
boarding-cars,
ictors' vans, 2 p
3 pile-drivers, 2
els, 1 electric sh
rH   ^j
..   Hi
u   ri
CU   o
"*
O
ft
'   eg
d  o
OT    H
t/3
3
oi
H
OT
CU
o
d
OT
O    Q   ft
d o a
W   y    3
•a
OT   l"1
rl
a*
if
rH   pP    »      -     -   S
3 ft
rH   "O     »"    S
-a
O
.S -i
a. tl
£ g S  d  ri ^
ri    O    £    u    y
fi  to
ft o
ars,
6 con
ation
m-sli
? 3
a ni
sp ft
d   fS   £   m to g
ft o- g *S *S p
•H1     i.'
cu   f£
to m f &
US.
B*
ft d
.2 ri d
OT   —*
H     «    «i   <H   t-(     CJ
tO    OT
rH   rH
CI
rH   rH   Cl   (M   rH
CO
,
OJ     .
03 H
CO  CJ
CO
o°
eg o7
r-i   rH
tH
CO
J? 03
r* "
'
i
cj d
CI   rH
CJ
•      •  CI  CJ  GO
o
I-
rH
aj
cu
to
ri
•   H
■     •      ■  Cl  t-
©
©
to
r-i
rH
ri
ffl      ■
OT*
rH  CO
rH
ICO
©
i-i
t-
fe
U
U
•  **
■*
©
CO
M
rH
o
W
cu
•   L-
-      •   CO  r-i   ©
rH
r-i
•      •   CO   rH   CJ
t-
f-
o
u •
4-»
Cl      •
•HH  CI     •      •      •
C
©      .
CO
rl   H      •      •      •
rH
£- ri
Cl
CO
CO
CQ u
©  ©
H
t-   ©   Ci   Ci   ©   CJ
■*+
CO cj
CO   CO   CO   ©   CO   W
*<1
CU
©   l-
to
ICO   ©   rH   ©   'O   >Q
©
©
ft
•H  tH
Oi
© CO. CI IO t-  c
b-
1-
3
■^ CI
©
rH   CJ   CI   *#   t-   r-
©
c
rH
CO
cr
u S       d .5
to
d
'  d
,  o
ouvei
inste
k Lie
Line
ey Li
ke L
ri
cu
s s
p-1
"J P  H "d a  ^
a -3   ri   a ft t_
ri  « ft  § £
P
c
O
a a
T-i    CJ
$ "3
d
o
CJ
d
"r>  «    r.|
pd            Hi            CU    2
+->    >:,  -Hj    S    OT    d
5
ri
i> CQ
t>
& K U ft fa W
<■
H
SQ
i-J
GQ
a
ri
CJ
CP
cu
o
CD
CO
■J:
3
CU
to
a
ri ri ri ri ri
+j -»_> +j -t-i -u
ooooo
H H H H H 

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.bcsessional.1-0226019/manifest

Comment

Related Items