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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA REPORT OF THE PROVINCIAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY FOR THE YEAR 1920 British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1921

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
EEPORT
PBOVINCIAL MUSEUM
OP
NATURAL HISTORY
EOR THE YEAR 1920
PRINTED BY
AUTHORITY  OF  THE   LEGISLATIVE   ASSEMBLY.
VICTORIA,  B.C.:
Printed by William H. Ccllik, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1921.  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The undersigned  respectfully  submits  herewith  the  Annual  Report  of  the
Provincial Museum of Natural History for the year 1920.
j. d. Maclean,
Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office,
Victoria, February, 1921. Provincial Museum of Natural History,
Victoria, B.C., February 24th, 1921.
The Honourable J. D. MacLean, M.D.,
Provincial Secretary, Victoria, B.C.
Sir,—I have the honour, as Director of the Provincial Museum of Natural
History, to lay before you the Keport for the year ending December 31st, 1920,
covering; the activities of the Museum.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
P. KEBMODE,
Director. TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Objects       7
Admission  7
Visitors  :  7
Activities    7
Accessions    8
Bounties  ,  9
Mammals—
Notes on the Occurrence of a Humpback Whale having Hind Legs   10
Distribution of Shrews and Shrew-mice in British Columhia  11
Distribution of Bats in British Columbia  14
Ornithology—■
Notes on the Occurrence of Sabine's Gull (Iem» sabinei)    19
Notes on the Occurrence of the Iceland Gull (Larus leucopterus)    20
Notes on the Occurrence of the Chinese Starling (Acridolheres cristatellus)   20
Botany    21
Entomology   22  REPORT of the
PROVINCIAL' MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
FOR THE YEAR 1920.
OBJECTS.
(a.) To secure and preserve specimens illustrating the natural history of the Province.
(6.) To collect anthropological material relating to the aboriginal races of the Province.
(o.)  To obtain information  respecting the  natural  sciences,  relating particularly  to  the
natural history of the Province, and diffuse knowledge regarding the same.
ADMISSION.
The Provincial Museum is open, free, to the public daily throughout the year from 9 a.m. to
5 p.m. (except New Year's Day, Good Friday, and Christmas Day) ; it is also open on Sunday
afternoons from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. from May 1st until the end of October.
VISITORS.
The number of visitors who have signed the register of the Provincial Museum during the
year 1920 is 25,850. These figures are by no means accurate, as this only includes one person
to a line, although many signatures on one line include man, wife, and family. Many other
people visiting the Museum do not seem to like the idea of recording their names, and no record
has been kept of the children, and also of school classes who are accompanied by their teachers
in connection with their nature-studies. If a turnstyle were to be installed we would then be
able to record the actual number of attendance daily in the museum. The following figures
will give some idea of those who recorded their names during the months of: January, 1,093;
February, 1,289; March, 1,348; April, 1,603; May, 1,839; June, 2,287; July, 4,538; August,
5,607;  September, 2,838 ;  October, 1,367;  November, 1,028;  December, 1,023.
ACTIVITIES.
There have been added eighteen ornithological storage (moth-proof) cases to take care
of the study series of bird-skins which are stored in the annex, also two walnut, plate-glass
exhibition cases for the entomological section.
The Public Works Department has begun excavating the basement in the Provincial Museum,
and when this is completed all the valuable study material, ornithological, anthropological, and
mammals, which are stored in the wooden annex at the rear, will be removed and placed in the
basement, which will be practically free from danger of fire and from probable loss in other ways.
Many applications have been made from teachers throughout the Province for scientific
literature to assist them in teaching nature-studies to their pupils. It has been Impossible for
the Director to supply the same; the only literature we have on hand are the Annual Reports,
in which the scientific research-work is noted throughout the year.
During the year the Herbarium has been greatly enriched by a large number of specimens
added, which were mentioned in last year's report in the botanical section.
By an agreement between the Director of this Department and Mr. R. G. McConnell, Deputy
Minister of the Geological Survey, Ottawa, the collection of Cryptograms made by Professor
John Macoun were to he taken over by this Department for storage and safe-keeping, and a
division of the same was to be made between the Geological Survey and the Provincial Museum.
The division of these specimens has now been completed, and the collection of the Provincial
Museum has been enriched by over 4,000 specimens which were collected by Professor John
Macoun and named by himself and other authorities. These specimens have now been catalogued
and added to the collection, the balance having been turned over to the Geological Survey, Ottawa.
The manuscript for the Check-list of the Flora of Vancouver Island is being completed and
it is hoped to have it in the printer's hands within the next few weeks. In this work we have
been greatly assisted by the late Professor Macoun and his son, the late J. M. Macoun. R 8
British Columbia.
1921
In Memokiam.
Professor John Macoun, one of the oldest members of the Ottawa Field Naturalists' Club,
died at Sidney, Vancouver Island, B.C., on July 18th, 1920, in his ninetieth year. He was
born at Maralin, Ireland, ahout 20 miles from Belfast, on April 17th» 1831. He came to Canada
in 1850.
In 1872 Mr. Macoun accompanied Sir Sanford Fleming as Botanist on an expedition to the
West to explore and determine the line for the first transcontinental railway, now known as the
Canadian Pacific.
In 1875 Mr. Macoun was appointed Botanist to an expedition in the Peace River country
under the leadership of the late Dr. Alfred Selwyn, then Director of the Geological Survey,
Ottawa, and in 1881. was appointed Botanist to the Dominion Government, although he had, at
intervals, been doing work for the Government since 1872.
Perhaps the strongest trait in Professor Macoun's character was a sympathetic understanding
of his fellow-men, one that made him hosts of friends and a much-sought adviser in questions of
doubt and difficulty. The honesty of his opinion and the straightforwardness with which his
advice was given, in conjunction with his sympathetic manner of giving it, secured for him a
respect and affection that lasted a lifetime. His wonderful magnetism and ready tact constituted
him a leader of men, and had his great abilities turned to statesmanship he would have been a
great power for the good of his country. He was a trite Imperialist and a firm believer in the
strength and integrity of the British Empire.
He had many strong and outstanding personal characteristics. His determination and
perseverance are marked through all his early explorations, and many accounts might be related
where it was nothing but sheer determination that carried him safely through perilous and
exhaustive situations.
The late Professor Macoun was the highest authority on botanical research in Canada. His
loss will be keenly felt not only by the Department in Ottawa with which he had been so long
connected, but also by the Provincial Museum in Victoria, to which he was a constant
contributor and visitor.
ACCESSIONS.
Leg-bones of humpbacked whale taken at Kyuquot Station and presented to the Provincial
Museum by Mr. W. Lawson, Vice-President of the Consolidated Whaling Corporation, Victoria,
in January, 1920.
Log of wood, Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga mucronata), showiug portion of tree which had been
cut into many years ago and how Nature provides for the covering of the hewn part. Presented
by Mr. E. W. Haskell, Red Gap, B.C., March, 1920.
Collection of Fungi, Musci, Lichens, Hepatiese, and Algoe. Collected and presented by
Professor John Macoun, Sidney, B.C., April, 1920.
Plants collected and presented by: Dr. C. F. Newcombe, W. B. Anderson, W. R. Carter,
W. A. Newcombe, J. G. French, Victoria, B.C.; Professor J. K. Henry, Vancouver, B.C.; and
Miss Susan Beaman, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Fork-tailed Gull (Xema sabinei), taken at Glacier Point, Sooke, B.C., and presented by
Mr. J. G. French, October, 1920.
Log of wood containing larva of Long-horned Beetle (Prionus californicus). Presented
by Mr. C. R. Pooley, Cobble Hill, January, 1921.
Two specimens of White-winged or Iceland Gull (Larus leucopterus), collected by Mr.
William McKay, Kildonan, V.I., January and February, 1921.
Publications or otheb Institutions.
(Alphabetically arranged.)
American Museum of Natural History, New York City   1
Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois   7
Alpine Club Journal, Banff, Alberta   1
Archaeological Society of Ontario, Toronto, Ont  1
British Museum, London, England    6
Carried forward   16 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 9
Publications op otheb Institutions—Continued.
Brought forward   16
Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Brooklyn, N.X. ".  1
Bureau of Science, Manilla, P.I  2
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, Cal  11
California University, Berkeley, Cal  9
Carnegie Museum, Pittsburgh, Pa  2
Charleston Museum, Charleston, S.C  6
Children's Museum of Boston, Boston, Mass.  2
City Art Museum, St. Louis, Mo  6
Colorado Museum of Natural History, Denver, Col  1
Dominion Government Publications, Ottawa   19
Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Mich  9
Field Museum, Chicago, 111  5
Grand Rapids Public Library, Grand Rapids, Mich  2
Illinois State Natural History Survey, Urbana, 111  6
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C  1
Louisiana State Museum, New Orleans, La  2
Manchester Museum, England  2
Manx Museum, Isle of Man   1
Milwaukee Public Museum, Wisconsin   1
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minn  9
Minnesota University, Minn  1
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass  8
Nebraska University, Lincoln, Neb  4
New York Botanical Garden, N.Y  2
Ohio Agricultural Experimental Station, Wooster, Ohio   15
Peabody Museum, Salem, Mass  1
Peabody Museum, Yale University, New Haven, Conn  10
Pennsylvania Museum and University   5
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Pa  2
Roger Williams Park Museum, Providence, R.I  7
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C  34
Staten Island Institute, New Brighton, N.Y  6
Sydney Museum, Australia    1
United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C  2
University of Washington, Seattle, Wash  1
Wagner Free Institute of Science, Philadelphia, Pa  1
Zoological Society, New York, N.Y  2
Zoological Society, Philadelphia, Pa  1
Total  216
The thanks of the Department are extended to the contributors, also to others who have
assisted in the securing of collections and identifications of specimens, namely: Dr. C. F.
Newcombe, Victoria, B.C.; Professor J. K. Henry, Vancouver, B.C.; W. B. Anderson, Victoria,
B.C.;  E. W. Nelson, Chief Biological Survey, Washington, D.C, and staff.
Also to the following scientists, whose names are alphabetically arranged, for the determination of entomological specimens: Drs. W. Barnes and A. W. Lindsey, Decatur, 111.; Mr. August
Busck, Washington, D.C.; Dr. H. G. Dyar, Washington, D.C.; Dr. J. H. McDunnough, Ottawa,
Ont.; Dr. R. Ottolengui, New York, N.Y.; Dr. H. Skinner, Philadelphia, Pa; Mr. L. W. Swett,
Lexington, Mass.
BOUNTIES OF WOLVES.
According to the Orders in Council passed under the " Game Protection Act," all applications
for bounties on wolves must be sent to the Director of the Provincial Museum for verification.
It is interesting to note that for the year 1920 the Government was only called upon to pay
the bounty on 124 wolves, the bounty on which was $15 per head.   It will be noticed that most R 10 British Columbia. 1921
of these applications have come from the Northern Coast and Northern Interior of the Province,
very few applications for bounties being made south of the main line of the Canadian Pacific
Railway, and I have no record of any applications being made on a wolf that was killed on
Vancouver Island during the year.
The following is a list of the persons to whom bounties were paid during the year 1920:—
C. B. Cole, Teslin Lake   17
C. L. Irvine, Teslin Lake  13
I. Director, Prince Rupert   13
A. J. Phillipson, Prince Rupert   12
R. Boyd Young, Port Simpson  12
Hudson's Bay Company  (various localities)     10
R. Williams, Corridon Bay    S
A. C. Christenson, Bella Coola  3
R. Wilson, Prince Rupert   3
W. Goldbloom, Prince Rupert   2
Stephen Cook, Alert Bay   2
Walter Scott, Simoon Sound   2
A. Enockson, Prince Rupert ,  2
J. E. Ornheim, Prince Rupert  2
W. Flanagan, Rivers Inlet   2
J. L. Nygaard, Bella Coola    2
G. A. Kelly, Blondin Harbour  2
Charles Kilbourne, Simoon Sound   1
A. Anderson, Sointula    1
Mose King, Simoon Sound   1
Herbert Wait, Swanson Bay   1
A. Farquharson, Harbledown Island  1
Barnett Dopp, Fort St. John   1
J. Eklund, Prince Rupert   1
Albert Michand, Terrace   1
F. Knowles, Hartley Bay    1
W. Purl, Port Simpson  1
H. Roberts, Vancouver    1
A. Muchlbaner, Atlin   1
D. Johnson, Swanson Bay  1
L. J. Lewis, Marpole   1
Charles Bibeau, Stewart  1
J. Rogers, Prince Rupert   1
P. Brozart, Prince Rupert  1
Total  124
Several coyotes have been turned in with the timber-wolves by persons making applications
for bounty; these, however, have been identified as coyotes, and bounty refused unless the pelts
were turned in to the Government to receive the Government bounty, which is only $2 on this
animal.
MAMMALS.
Notes on the Occubrence of a Humpbacked W>hale having Hind Legs.
On January 8th, 1920, the Director took up with Mr. W. Lawson, the Vice-President of the
Consolidated Whaling Corporation, Limited, Victoria, B.C., the notes- which had appeared in
the press in reference to a humpbacked whale having been taken at Kyuquot Station, on the
west coast of Vancouver Island, which had leg-bones attached to the lower extremities of the
body; this being noted by the Director as a most unusual occurrence; in fact, the first record
known of any of these large animals having such an extraordinary growth.
Mr. Lawson presented these bones to the Provincial Museum. The Director received the
following data from Mr. S. C. Ruck, who for a number of years was Managing Director of the 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 11
Consolidated Whaling Corporation, Limited, but now of the Vancouver Island Whaling Company,
which will be of special interest, and is here copied:—
" I enclose herewith three photographs showing the unusual development of the pelvic
rudiments in a whale captured at the Kyuquot Station last July, of which you have the bones.
It is to be regretted that better pictures in evidence of this unprecedented development were
not obtained.
" I have been connected with the whaling industry for twenty-two years, and during my
time have come in contact with prominent naturalists, such as Professor True, of the Smithsonian Institution; Professor Lucas, of the Natural History Museum, Brooklyn; and Professor
Andrews, of the Natural History Museum, New York; and neither in their experience nor mine
have the protrusion of the pelvic bones beyond the body ever been seen or heard of.
" This particular whale was a female humpback of the average length, with elementary legs
protruding from the body about 4 feet 2 inches, covered with blubber about y2 inch thick.
" As shown in the best photograph, these legs protruded on either side of the genital opening;
the left leg was cut off by the crew of the vessel and lost, and the point at which it was cut
off is clearly shown in the photograph. The end of the leg seen in the picture terminated in
a kind of round knob like a man's clenched fist.
" The two bones of the leg which you have are connected by cartilage, which I was informed
had shrunk about 10 inches, and possibly more by this time. At any rate, the total length of
the leg before it was cleaned of the blubber and flesh was, as before stated, about 4 feet 2 inches
from the body.
" S. C. Ruck."
Later, Mr. Roy Chapman Andrews, Assistant Curator of Mammals of the American Museum
of Natural History, New . York, who had done a tremendous amount of work monographing
the whales of the world, heard of these most unusual appendages, and writing the Director of
the Provincial Museum, asked for information regarding the same. These specimens were loaned
to Mr. Andrews, who is preparing a paper on the same. Extracts from his letters no doubt
will be of great interest, and are as follows:—
August 2nd, 1920. " The special excuse for this letter is to ask about some so-called exterior
limb bones which were discovered on a humpback whale taken on the west coast of Vancouver
Island. My friend, Mr. Sidney Ruck, of the Whaling Company, told me that one of the legs
was sent to the Museum, and I shall be interested to know if you have it there; also, what the
thing is like. Are there actual bones or is it only tissue and blubber? I am very much interested
in the subject, and if you can give me any information I will be very grateful.
" Roy Chapman Andrews."
September 20th, 1920. "When I returned from my vacation two days ago I found the
whale-bones which you sent awaiting me. I am tremendously interested in them, for they
represent a phase in evolution of which I have never seen any evidence hi all the whales which
I have investigated, and I should greatly like to publish a short paper on the bones, and want
to ask whether or not you have any objections to my doing so. Will you not let me know as
soon as possible about it, for I want to take up the matter of its preparation immediately if
you are willing.
" Roy Chapman Andrews."
October 7th, 1920. " Many thanks for your letter of September 27th, giving me permission
to publish a paper on the external leg-bones of the humpback whale which you so kindly loaned
for our inspection. I will, of course, be glad to acknowledge our indebtedness to Mr. Lawson
and Mr. Ruck, and will have a number of separates sent to you.
" Roy Chapman Andrews."
Insectivoeous Mammals, Family Sobicume.
Distribution of Species occurring in British Columbia.
Shrews, or shrew-mice, as they are often named from their mouse-like form, belong to the
true Insectivores. So like are these animals to mice-and rats that they are often erroneously
confused with them, although they are easily distinguishable by their long pointed snouts, their
rounded ears closely pressed to the sides of the head, and the characteristics of the first pair R 12
British Columbia.
1921
of front incisor teeth; those of the upper jaw being long and generally sickle-shaped, with a
more or less distinct cusp at the base of their hinder border, while in the lower jaw they are
long and project horizontally forwards, in some instances curving upward at the tips, and, with
the exception of perhaps one African species, have only six teeth on each side of the lower jaw.
With the exception of a few species which have taken to an aquatic life, the shrews are
terrestrial and nocturnal in their habits. Shrews have a wider distribution than any other
family of the Insectivores and comprise a far larger number of species.
Until quite recent years there appears to have been a diversified opinion in the nomenclature
applied to many of our shrews.
In 1895 three papers by C. Hart Merriam and Gerrit S. Miller, Jr., were published by the
United States Department of Agriculture (Division of Ornithology and Mammalogy) in the
" North American Fauna," No. 10, revising the shrews of the American genera Blarina and
Notiosorex; the long-tailed shrews of the Eastern United States; and a general synopsis of
the American shrews of the genus Sorex. From this revision we are able to some extent to
classify the shrews occurring within our limits.
From a perusal of these papers it is proposed here to briefly outline the earlier-known history
of our shrews, which may be acceptable to some of our readers interested in the study of our
smaller mammals.
For a long period the short-tailed shrews of the genera Blarina and Notiosorex, which so
far as we know do not occur within our limits, were included in the genus Sorex, and were first
separated by Gray in 1838 under the name of Blarina proposed as a subgenus; in 1842 Blarina
was raised to full generic rank by Lesson; Baird in 1857 divided the genus Blarina in two
sections according to the number of teeth, and Coues in 1S77 recognized and named these sections
as subgenera, Blarina proper with thirty-two teeth and Soriciscus with thirty; the reduction
being in the unicuspids, of which there are five in Blarina proper, as in true Sorex, and only
four in Soriciscus.   The lost tooth in the latter subgenus is the second premolar.
The first short-tailed shrews known to naturalists were two specimens secured by Mr. Say,
naturalist to Major Long's expedition to the Rocky Mountains in Eastern Nebraska, a few miles
north of the present City of Omaha. These two specimens curiously became the types of the
largest and smallest species of the genus Blarina, and later of the two subgenera into which the
genus was split, collected during the winter of 1819-20 and described by Mr. Say in 1823, the
larger as Sorex brevicaudus, the smaller as Sorex parvus.
Long-tailed Shrews of the Genus Sorex.
The first account of an American marsh-shrew was published in 1828, when Richardson
described Sorex palustris, an animal he had found frequenting the borders of lakes in the region
between Hudson Bay and the Rocky Mountains. In 1857 Baird placed Sorex palustris among the
species unknown to him, but which he considered as probably worthy of recognition, at the same
time describing the new genus Neosorex and the species Neosorex navigator from Washington.
Our first accurate knowledge of Sorex palustris dates from 1S90, when Dr. Dobson figured
the teeth of the type specimen, and in another paper published the same year discussed the
validity of the genus Neosorex, coming to the conclusion that Sorex palustris and Neosorex
navigator are the same, and that Neosorex, so far from being a genus, cannot even be recognized
as a subgenus; a year later Dr. Merriam recorded Sorex palustris from Idaho, at the same time
remarking that he considered Neosorex a very good subgenus.
The type specimen of Sorex palustris is in the British Museum; while its condition is such
as to furnish no evidence, it was deemed necessary to judge the old descriptions on their own
merits, and as all the early accounts of Sorex palustris refer to its pale, ash-grey belly, and as
the geographical range, indefinite though it is, coincides with that of the Western animal, it is
proper to apply the name to the latter.
That the type of Sorex palustris is a Neosorex and not an Atophyrax is shown by the teeth,
which are nearly unworn; Neosorex is confined to North America, and, although not closely
related to the Old World Crossopus, shows a remarkable comparison with the latter, both in
habits and external appearance, both being aquatic, inhabiting marshes and the borders of
streams.
All American shrews have two pelages commonly known as winter and summer coats, and,
as is usual among small mammals, the moult takes place at different dates among individuals 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 13
of the same species, and it is not uncommon to take specimens in different pelages on the same
day in the same locality. The winter pelage is usually plumbeous, dusky or ash grey; the
summer pelage, sepia brown or chestnut. In defining the various species, identification has been
largely based on cranial and dental characters, such as the size and form of the brain-case,
breadth of palate, length and degree of attenuation of the rostrum, and the breadth of the
interorbital construction, while size and depth of emargination of the molariform teeth and the
proportion of the unicuspidate teeth are the chief factors of dentition.
Comparatively little field-work has been done in British Columbia collecting our smaller
mammals, many areas being untouched, where further research may furnish new material and
in some instances would undoubtedly extend the geographic distribution known to us at the
present time.
The following species occur within our limits:—
Sorex personatus Geoffroy St. Hilaire. Type locality, Eastern United States (exact locality
unknown). Distributed throughout the Boreal and Transition Zones of North America from
New England to Alaska. Specimens identified from Glacier; Field; Cariboo Lake; Sicamous;
Mount Baker Range.
Sorex sphagnicola Coues. Type locality, vicinity of Fort Laird, B.C., about latitude 60.
Geographic distribution, sub-arctic America from extreme Northern British Columbia (and
probably Alaska) to Hudson Bay.
Sorex setosus Elliot. Type locality, Happy Lake, Clallam County, Olympic Mountains,
Washington. Two specimens in the collection of the Provincial Museum from Khutze Inlet, B.C.,
recently Identified, are placed here.
Sorex vagrans Baird. Type locality, Shoalwater Bay, Washington. Range, Southern British
Columbia, Western Washington and Oregon, and Northern California (south on the coast to
Monterey and in the mountains to old Fort Crook and Cassel). Restricted to Lower Boreal
and Upper Transition Zones. Specimens identified from Port Moody; Sumas; Mount Baker
Range;  Okanagan.
Sorex vancouverensis Merriam. Type from Goldstream, Vancouver Island, B.C. General
characters similar to S. vagrans, but larger, with decidedly larger fore feet and much darker
coloration. Range, so far as we know, confined to Vancouver Island, where specimens from
Victoria and Sahtlam, Parksville, Errington, and Alberni are identified as this species.
Sorex obscurus Merriam. Type locality, Timber Creek, Salmon River Mountains, Idaho;
altitude, 8,200 feet. Geographic distribution, British Columbia and mountains of Western
Washington; Idaho; Montana; Wyoming; Utah and Colorado ; south along the high Sierra
Nevada in California to Mount Whitney. Restricted to Boreal Zone. Specimens identified
from Nelson ; Ward; Field; Glacier ; Golden ; Cariboo Lake; Sicamous ; Sumas; Port Moody ;
also Goldstream and Comox, on Vancouver Island.
Sorex obscurus longieauda Merriam. Type from Wrangell, South-east Alaska. Sorex obscurus
is a strictly boreal species and in the United States it is exclusively a mountain animal, not
descending to base-level until British Columbia is reached. In the Puget Sound region, however,
and along the coast of Washington and thence northerly to Alaska it sends a representative all
the way down to sea-level. This representative is larger, has developed an exceedingly long tail,
and has taken on certain peculiarities of coloration, being described by Merriam as a subspecies,
in the belief that intergradation with obscurus takes place. Three specimens examined from
Port Moody, British Columbia, are more or less intermediate between S. longieauda and
S. obscurus.
Sorex longieauda elassodon Osgood (Queen Charlotte Shrew). Type from Cumshewa Inlet,
Moresby Island, Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia collected June 13th, 1900, by W. H.
Osgood and E. Heller.    Specimens taken at Cumshewa;   Skidegate;   Masset.
Sorex longieauda prevostensis Osgood (Prevost Island Shrew). Type from Prevost Island,
Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia; collected July 3rd, 1900, by W. H. Osgood and
E. Heller. Range, only known from Prevost Island, Q.C.I., and differing from the shrews of
Graham and Moresby Islands to a greater degree than from the Mainland species S. longieauda.
Sorex trowbridgi Baird. Type locality, Astoria, Oregon. Ranges throughout Western Washington and Oregon, west of the Cascade Range. Museum specimens taken at Sumas are identified
as this species. • R 14
British Columbia.
1921
Sorex palustris navigator (Neosorex) Baird. Type locality unknown, stated to be Fort
Vancouver, Washington, but probably northern Idaho. Geographic distribution, the Rocky
Mountains and outlying ranges from British Columbia to Southern Colorado and the Sierra
Nevada of California, south to the Sequoia National Park. Specimens identified from Nelson;
Cranbrook ;  Lillooet;   Atlin ;  Lake District, near Victoria, Vancouver Island.
Sorex bendirii (Atophyrax) Merriam. Type, Klamath Basin, Oregon. Range, Klamath
Basin, Oregon, northward along east side of Cascade Range to Puget Sound, westward to coast
of California and south to Sonoma County. Museum specimens taken at Sumas are referred
to this species.
A number of small mammal-skins were sent to Mr. Edward Nelson, Chief, Biological Survey,
Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C., early in the year for identification, and these,
having been identified by members of his staff, were returned in April. The identifications of
the Sorex and Neosorex have been made by Dr. Jackson, who is engaged on a critical study
of these groups, and the Peromyscus by Mr. Howell and Mr. Preble.
The following is the list of mammals sent and identified:—
• Peromyscus.
(Catalogue No. of Skins with Corresponding Skulls.)
maniculatus borealis. 409. Peromyscus maniculatus
maniculatus borealis. 411. Peromyscus maniculatus
maniculatus borealis. 452. Peromyscus maniculatus
maniculatus borealis. 453. Peromyscus maniculatus
maniculatus borealis. 454. Peromyscus maniculatus
maniculatus borealis. 457. Peromyscus maniculatus
297. Peromyscus
298. Peromyscus
299. Peromyscus
304. Peromyscus
305. Peromyscus
308. Peromyscus
artemisiw.
artemisiw.
artemisiw.
artemisiw.
artemisiw.
oreas.
Sorex.
(Catalogue No. of Skins with Corresponding Skulls.)
922. Sorex v.
923. Sorex o.
924. Sorex o.
925. Sorex p.
926. Sorex v.
931. Sorex v.
932. Sorex v.
934. Sorex v.
938. Sorex v.
940. Sorex v.
948. Sorex o.
951. Sorex o.
vagram.
obscurus.
obscurus.
personaius.
vagrans.
obscurus.
obscurus.
obscurus.
obscurus.
obscurus.
obscurus.
setosus.
(No.
944. Sorex v. vagrans.
947. Sorex o. obscurus.
949. Sorex vancouverensis.
950. Sorex o. setosus.
952. Sorex vancouverensis.
961. Sorex v. vagrans.
962. Sorex v. vagrans.
963. Sorex v. vagrans.
974. Sorex v. vagrans.
of Skins with no Skulls.)
957. Sorex vancouverensis.
Neosorex.
(Catalogue No. of Skins with Corresponding Skulls.)
977. Neosorex p. navigator. 9S2. Neosorex p. navigator.
978. Neosorex p. navigator. 983. Neosorex p. navigator.
979. Neosorex p. navigator. 984. Neosorex p. navigator.
980. Neosorex p. navigator. 985. Neosorex p. navigator.
981. Neosorex p. navigator.
Some Notes on the Eaklieb-known History op the Chiboptera, with List op those
Species occubbing in Bbitish Columbia.
Of our smaller mammals no order of such magnitude with such a wide geographical
distribution produces a greater field for research than the Chiroptera, inhabiting, as it does,
the Eastern and Western Hemispheres to the northern and southern limits of tree-growth,
extending in the Pacific Ocean from America to Hawaii and the Galapagos Islands, and from
Asia to New Zealand, Samoa, the Caroline and Ladrone Islands. 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 15
Bats are distinguished from all other mammals by possessing the power of true flight like
that of birds, their fore-limbs being specially modified for this purpose, resulting in the order
to which they belong being appropriately named Chiroptera, or hand-winged.
Certain other mammals such as the flying squirrels of genus Sciuropterus and the flying
phalangers have a spurious flight, which is nothing more than an extension of an upward or
downward leap by the aid of parachute-like expansions of the skin of the sides of the body,
and cannot be extended upward beyond the limits of the impetus of the original leap.
The essential characteristic of all bats is their power of flight, and so far as we know no
clue has been discovered by scientists among the extinct fauna of which we have knowledge
which in any way connects them with other mammals, but it has been found that, in their
essential structure, bats are so closely allied to the Insectivores, such as shrews and moles, that
many naturalists express little doubt of their derivation from the ancestral forms of that order,
and think it probable that the power of true flight was developed gradually from spurious flight.
Like many of our smaller mammals, classification has been based largely on dental characters,
which differ very materially in the genera living on various foods.
The great majority of bats feed solely on insects and have their cheek-teeth furnished with
a number of sharp cusps; the fruit-eating bats comprising the so-called flying foxes or fruit-bats
of the warmer regions of the Old World, and among them the largest representatives of the order
are characterized by the molars having nearly or quite smooth crowns, elongated from back to
front and divided by a deep longitudinal groove; while the blood-sucking bats of South America
have the front teeth specially modified for piercing the skin of animals.
The bats often locally called " leather-bats " or " flittermice," in which our particular interest
is centred, inhabit the temperate regions, are insect-feeding, and belong to the family Vesper-
tilionidae; these bats, being dependent for their nourishment upon a full supply of insects, must
in winter either migrate to warmer regions or hibernate.
To what extent some of our bats migrate appears to be imperfectly understood, but that
bats migrate is an established fact; one of the earliest references made on the subject is by
our great authority, Dr. Dobson, in his Catalogue of the Chiroptera in the British Museum.
It is claimed that of European species probably with one exception they hibernate, but on
the American Continent we find in the "Transaction of the Royal Society of Canada," V.,
Section V., page 85, where Dr. C. Hart Merriam shows conclusive evidence of two of the
American bats, Lasionyeteris noctivagans and Lasiurus cinerius, have regular periods of
migration, and Gerrit S. Miller, Jr., in his revision of the North American bats of the family
Vespertilionidae, records his observations at Highland Light, Cape Cod, Massachusetts, during
the months of August and September, 1890 and 1891, where he observed the migration of the
same two species together with Lasiurus borealis. From these and other recorded observations
it is fair to assume that the migration of bats is probably as definite as to dates and paths
as that of birds.
Bats seldom feed on the ground, most species feeding and drinking on the wing. Dr. Merriam
observes that " all North American bats, except when their habits have been modified by
proximity to man, may be classed as cave-dwelling or tree-dwelling, according to the places
in which they spend the day; as a rule the cave-dwelling species live in large colonies, while the
tree-dwelling live singly or in small companies."
It is estimated by the highest authorities that little more than one-half of the living species
are known to science at the present time, and it may be interesting to trace to a small extent
the history and development of the classification of bats from the earliest naturalists.
Linnaeus in 1758 knew seven bats, all of which he placed in Vespertilio, the fourth and last
genus of the order Primates. In 1808, as recorded by Tiedemann, the order Chiroptera had
been recognized, while with the addition of the flying lemur the genera was only seven and the
species fourteen.
The real foundation for our present classification was laid by Gray in 1821, when he
published the first of his many papers on bats; Gray excluded the flying lemur, recognized
the two main subdivisions of the order made by Goldfuss in 1820, and applied to the names
of families the system of nomenclature now in use.
In 1827 Lesson in his " Manuel de Mammalogie " once more associated the flying lemur with
the bats, making the group a division of the Carnivores. A revision of the genera of bats of the family Vespertilionidae was made by Gray in 1838,
where he abandoned his earlier plan and adopted the main divisions introduced by Spix in his
" Simiarum et Vespertilionum Brasiliensium Species Novae," published in 1823.
Peters in 1865 divided the group into 10 families and subfamilies, containing 59 genera.
Dr. Dobson described 401 species, 80 genera, and 14 families and subfamilies when he
published his Catalogue of the Chiroptera in the British Museum, 1878.
In 1904 Trouessart recorded S51 species, 122 genera, and 18 families and subfamilies, while
Gerrit S. Miller, Jr., whose revision of the North American bats of the family Vespertilionidae
was published by the United States Department of Agriculture (Division of Biological Survey),
October 16th, 1897, as " North American Fauna " No. 13, and ten years later while Assistant
Curator, Division of Mammals, United States Museum, after examining the material in all the
leading museums of Europe and America, wrote his work on the " Families and Genera of Bats,"
published as Bulletin 57 by the Smithsonian Institute, in which he concluded at that time
among the known species at least 173 genera and 36 families should be recognized, being also
of the opinion that probably the total number of recognized bats will eventually exceed 2,000
named forms.
The following bats occur in the Province of British Columbia:—
Corynorhinus macrotis townsendii Cooper. Type locality, Columbia River, Oregon.
Geographic distribution, humid coast district of Oregon, Washington, and Southern British
Columbia.   Specimens identified from Comox, Vancouver Island.
Myotis lucifugus alascensis Miller. Type from Sitka, Alaska? Ranges throughout the
humid coast district of Southern Alaska and Northern British Columbia. Specimens identified
from Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands. A single specimen taken at Errington, Vancouver Island,
August 31st, 1910, has been provisionally referred to this form by H. S. Swarth.
Myotis yumanensis saturatus Miller. Type from Hamilton, Washington. Geographic
distribution, Transition Zone in Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia. Specimens
identified from Shuswap; Kamloops; Kultus Lake (near Chilliwack) ; Mount Lehman; Port
Moody;   Sumas.
Myotis californicus caurinus Miller. Type from Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C.
Geographic distribution, the humid coast district of British Columbia, Washington, and Oregon.
Specimens identified from Port Moody and Masset, Queen Charlotte Islands.
Myotis subulatus Keenii Merriam (Keen's Bat). Type locality, Masset, Queen Charlotte
Islands, B.C. Geographic distribution at present known from the type locality only. No doubt
occurs throughout most of the humid north-west coast district.
Myotis evotis H. Allen (Long-eared Bat). Type locality not stated, and no type designated
—possibly Monterey, California. Geographic distribution, Austral and Transition Zones from
the Pacific Coast to the eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains. Specimens identified from
Shuswap;  Victoria.
Lasionycteris noctivagans Le Conte (Silver-haired Bat). Type locality, Eastern United
States. Geographic range, North America from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Museum specimens
from Okanagan and Sahtlam, Vancouver Island, are referred here. A single adult male was
taken at Skidegate, Queen Charlotte Islands, B.C., on the evening of June 10th, 1900. (W. H.
Osgood, "North American Fauna," No. 21.)
Vespertilio fuscus Beauvois (Brown Bat). Type locality, Philadelphia, Pa. Geographic
distribution, Austral, Transition, and lower edge of Boreal Zones throughout the United States
and British Provinces. Specimens identified from Asheroft; Okanagan; Errington, Vancouver.
Island.
Lasiurus cinereus Beauvois (Hoary Bat). Type locality, Philadelphia, Pa. Geographic
distribution, Boreal North America from Atlantic to Pacific. Museum specimens from Okanagan
and Victoria, B.C.
The Life-histoey and Distribution of Marmots.
True marmots inhabit the northern portions of both the Old and New Worlds; in the
southern portions of their range in the Old World these mammals are found only at considerable
elevation above sea-level, but in more northern districts like the Siberian steppes they are found
on the lowland plains.
The districts inhabited by all the Old World species, being desolate and barren, are usually
subject to intense heat in summer and cold in winter. 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 17
In North America marmots are found distributed over a greater part of Canada and the
United States, having a number of vernacular names by which they are commonly known in
their geographic distribution.
In Eastern Cana'da, especially in the Province of Quebec, they are known by the name
" siffleur "; in Ontario we hear of the woodchuck or ground-hog; the yellow-footed marmots
of Southern British Columbia are known as wroodchucks or rockchucks, while the hoary marmots
of the mountains, the largest of our species, comparing favourably in size with the Alpine species
of the Old World, are commonly called whistlers.
The name " siffleur," probably taking precedent, was applied to the woodchuck of Eastern
Canada by Baron La Hontan in 1703.
In 1743 Catesby described the Eastern woodchuck under the name of " The Monax," while
three years later Edwards published a more extended account under the title of " The Monax
or Marmotte of America," his description furnishing the basis of the first technical name applied
to the species—Mus monax Linnaeus.
For the next few years the name given to the genus underwent several changes until
Blumenbach in 1779 named the genus Marmota; however, this was upset the following year
by Schreber, who introduced the name Arctomys; while of later date than Blumenbach's,
nevertheless received general acceptance and continued in common use for the marmots until
the early years of the present century, when the name Marmota was restored as the proper
appellation of the genus.    (Trouessart, E. L. Cat. Mamm. Suppl. 1904, page 343.)
The American marmots are naturally divided into three very distinct groups, as follows:—
Monax group: All the Eastern woodchueks, the Canada woodchuck, the British Columbia
woodchuck, and the Ochraceous woodchuck of Alaska and Northern British Columbia.
Flaviventris group :  All the yellow-footed marmots.
Caligata group: The hoary marmot of the mountains, including the species caligata,
olympus, and vancouverensis.
Marmots, although chiefly diurnal, are sometimes nocturnal in their habits, feeding mainly
on grass, succulent plants, and seeds; the Eastern species often doing considerable damage to
cultivated forage-crops both by eating and trampling underfoot, and occasionally much havoc
is made by their visits tx> kitchen-gardens. These marmots, originally living in the woods,
prefer open clearings, where they are usually found in pairs or families, having their burrows
under rock-piles, stone walls, stumps, roots of trees, and often in open meadows.
The yellow-footed marmots prefer rocky hillsides, in the crevices of cliffs, or under rock-piles
in meadows, and are often abundant in the higher part of mountains, where they dwell more
or less in colonies, their food being similar to that of the Eastern species, but probably including
a greater proportion of native plants. These marmots also, when living at lower altitudes in
close proximity to settlement, are exceedingly destructive to cultivated crops.
More gregarious in their habits, like all the Old World species, hoary marmots in the
southern part of their range are always found about rock-slides around timber-line, but in
Northern British Columbia and Alaska they are frequently found at low altitudes, often making
their burrows in open meadows or grassy hillsides; while little is known of their feeding habits,
it is generally conceded they feed like the other species.
They are extremely partial to fine weather, feeding during the summer months both early
and late, and are extremely fond of sunning themselves on their mounds or projecting rocks
where they feel safe from attack, spending a large part of their time during wet, dull, and
stormy weather in their burrows. As fall approaches they become less active, often only
appearing for a few hours during the hottest, part of the day.
When alarmed they rush at once to the entrance of their burrows and sit up on their
hind-quarters to survey the scene and detect the danger. Should the enemy approach too close
a loud shrill whistle is uttered and they disappear into their burrows, reappearing after a time
to see if all danger is passed. The whistling of the hoary marmot, being more pronounced, can
be heard for a considerable distance; it is from this habit the name " whistler" has been applied
and the name " siffleur " to the woodchuck of Eastern Canada.
Marmots usually produce from four to six at a birth, the young of the Eastern and yellow-
footed species appearing about the latter part of May, while the hoary marmots probably breed
somewhat later. Little information on this point is at hand. Swarth states " that in Southern
Alaska young individuals of M. c. caligata were seen running about in the middle of June, but:
2 on Vancouver Island during the first three weeks of July no young ones of M. vancouverensis
had yet emerged from the burrows."
Laying up no store of food for winter use, all species of these marmots hibernate and become
dormant during winter for a period of from four to six months, hibernating from the middle
of September or October until the middle or latter part of March. Some of the yellow-footed
species have been known to retire as early as the middle of August, when weather is genial and
food abundant, the dates varying with the altitude and local condition, those individuals living
in the valleys denning up earlier than those living higher up the mountains; in mild winters
they occasionally appear at the mouth of their burrows in February, but re-enter their burrows
and again become dormant if the temperature falls.
Of extinct and allied forms we know little. Remains of extinct species of Susliks occur in
the higher Tertiary rocks of Europe, and the Upper Eocene beds of France produce evidence of
an extinct but apparently allied genus known as Plesispermophilus. More primitive are the
forms described as Plesiarctomys, which, while showing certain resemblances both to the marmots
and squirrels, are found in the middle Tertiary deposits both of Europe and North America.
Species known to British Columbia.
Marmota monax canadensis (Erxleben). Type locality given as Quebec, Canada. Distribution, greater part of interior of Canada from Great Slave Lake and York Factory, south to
Southern Alberta (Red Deer), Central Saskatchewan (Cumberland House), Northern Wisconsin
and Michigan, Central Ontario, Southern Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia.
" A single young specimen in very worn pelage from near the head of Finlay River, British
Columbia, seems referable to canadensis, but with more material from this region may necessitate
its reference to ochracea."    (A. H. Howell.)
Marmota monax petrensis (British Columbia Woodchuck). Type from Revelstoke, British
Columbia; collected May 12th, 1890, by W. Spreadborough. Distribution, interior ranges of
Southern British Columbia and adjacent parts of United States; from Barkerville, British
Columbia, south to Thompson Pass, Idaho. Specimens identified from Barkerville; Glacier;
Revelstoke.
Marmota monax ochracea Swarth (Ochraceous Woodchuck). Type locality, head of 40-Mile
Creek, Alaska. Distribution, interior mountain ranges of Yukon and Northern British Columbia
from 40-Mile Creek south to the Babine Mountains. Specimens identified from Babine mountains ;
Pike River, Atlin; Takla Lake. A short series of skulls without skins from Stuart Lake is
provisionally referred to this race.
Two museum specimens, Nos. 247 and 248, collected at Pike River, Atlin, July 29th, 1914,
and identified as this species by Mr. A. H. Howell, Biological Survey, Washington, show two
varying phases—No. 247, an immature female, being very dark blackish brown all over, with
the exception of a few greyish hairs on nostrils and lower lip. Indians and whites who are well
acquainted with this locality state that whole colonies of marmots of this colour have been
observed by them. The other, No. 248, also an immature female, is a pale reddish cinnamon
tipped with a very pale reddish buff, giving it a bicolour appearance; under-parts cinnamon
rufous. With such phases occurring it is very desirable to have a large series of skins with
skulls from this particular locality.
According to Mr. Howell in his revision of the genus, published in 1915, " Melanism is most
strongly developed in the subspecies Marmota caligata vigilis, occupying the region around
Glacier Bay, Alaska, and that no purely black specimens of M. monax have been seen, but a
melanistic phase is rather common in New York and New England."
Marmota flavivenlris avara Bangs (Pallid Yellow-bellied Marmot). Type locality,
Okanagan, British Columbia. Distribution, interior valleys and foot-hills of Southern British
Columbia and Eastern Washington and Oregon. Specimens identified from Asheroft; Cascade;
Midway;  Nicola Valley ;. Okanagan ;  Penticton;  Vernon.
Marmota caligata caligata (Eschscholtz) (Northern Hoary Marmot). Type locality, Bristol
Bay, Alaska. Distribution, Alaska and Yukon from the Portland Canal, north on the coast to
Bristol Bay, and in the interior to the Endicott Range and the mountains lying westward of
Fort Good Hope, Mackenzie.   Specimens identified from Bennett;   Cheonee Mountains;   Atlin.
Marmota caligata oxytona Hollister (Robson Hoary Marmot). Type locality, head of Moose
Pass, branch of Smoky River, Alberta;   altitude, 7,200 feet.    Distribution, interior of Northern 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 19
British Columbia and Southern Yukon, from Teslin Lake and Laird River south to Barkerville,
British Columbia, and the Mount Robson region of British Columbia and Alberta. Specimens
identified from mountains near Babine; Barkerville; Finlay River; Laurier Pass; Level
Mountain; McConnell Creek; Moose Pass; Moose River (North Fork) ; Sheslay River; Stuart
Lake;   Sustut Mountains ;  Thudade Lake.
Marmota caligata okanagana (King) (Okanagan Hoary Marmot). Type locality. Gold
Range, British Columbia. Distribution, Gold and Selkirk Ranges, British Columbia, and probably
main range of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta from Banff to Henry House; exact limits unknown.
Specimens identified from Field; Glacier; Spillimacheen River; Toad Mountain, south of
Nelson.
Marmota caligata cascadensis Howell (Cascade Hoary Marmot). Type locality, Mount
Rainier, Washington; altitude, 6,000 feet. Distribution, Cascade Range at and above timber-
line from Mount Rainier, Washington, north to Southern British Columbia. Specimens identified
from mountains near Chilliwack; Hope; Howe Sound ; Mount Baker Range near United States
Boundary;   Skagit River ;   Spences Bridge;  Tammi Hy Mountain.
Marmota vancouverensis Swarth (Vancouver Island Marmot). Type locality, Mount Douglas,
near Alberni, Vancouver Island, British Columbia ; altitude, 4,200 feet. Distribution, Vancouver
Island, British Columbia. Known at present only from the mountains at the head of China
Creek, some 20 miles south-east of Alberni, in the Golden Eagle Basin and King Solomon Basin
and the surrounding slopes and ridges.
Howell writes in his remarks of this species: " This peculiar marmot, although clearly
related to the Mainland species (Caligata), has, through isolation, developed striking characters,
both external and cranial. The tendency of isolated coastal forms in this group to become brown
(shown in a lesser degree by M. caligata vigilis and M. olyonpus) has reached the greatest
extreme in this species, the black colours of the Mainland forms being entirely lacking and
the white reduced to scattering hairs. After a season's exploration of the southern part of
Vancouver Island, Swarth came to the conclusion that the species is probably confined to a small
area in the vicinity of Mount Douglas." Specimens identified from Golden Eagle Basin; King
Solomon Basin ;   Mount Douglas.
Addenda.
Omitted in the list«of Microtus occurring within the Province published in our Annual
Report of last year (1919) is :—
Microtus richardsoni arvicoloides (Rhoads) (Cascade Water-vole). Type locality, Lake
Keechelus, near Snoqualmie Pass, Kittilas County, Washington; altitude, 8,000 feet. Geographic
distribution, Boreal Zone of Cascade Mountains in Washington, Oregon, and Southern British
Columbia.    Museum specimens from Mount Baker Range.
This subspecies, the largest of our voles, appears to be hardly separable from Microtus r.
macropus of the Boreal Zone of the Rocky Mountains. According to Vernon Bailey in his revision
of the genus, a single specimen examined from Glacier, British Columbia, was fairly intermediate
between Microtus richardsoni (De Kay) and these two southern subspecies.
ORNITHOLOGY.
As no field collecting was done by any one of the Department this year, very little
ornithological material was secured; however, three species of birds of special interest can
be recorded here:—
Sabine's Gull (Xema sabini) (Fork-tailed Gull). Although this bird had been on our list
of British Columbia birds for a great many years, the specimen secured at the request of the
Director by Mr. J. G. French, of Glacier Point, Sooke, B.C., on October 11th, 1920, was the first
specimen to be received by the Provincial Museum. The range of this bird is Arctic Seas to
Southern America. It breeds on the coast of Alaska from Kuskokwyni River to Norton Sound,
and in the Northern Mackenzie, Northern Keewatin, and Northern Greenland, and on the Arctic
Islands of Europe and Asia; in migration on both coasts of America and casual in the Interior.
Winters in Peru. Shortly after Mr. French had secured this specimen the Director and his
assistant saw several in the vicinity of Victoria Harbour. R 20 British Columbia. 1921
Two other specimens which are of considerable interest were collected for this Department—
namely, the Iceland gull (Larus leucoptei-us)—one of which was taken in January, 1921, and
the other in February, 1921. These birds were taken at Kildonan, Barkley Sound, B.C., by
Mr. W. McKay.
Mr. J. W. Thompson having spoken to the Director of two gulls that had been noticed iu
the vicinity of Kildonan during the month of December, both pure white (and his description
was so definite that they could not be mistaken for any other bird than that of the Iceland gull),
the Director requested Mr. Thompson to have some person, if possible, secure these birds for
this Department.
The birds are pure white throughout, about the size of the glaucous-winged gull, but having
no pearl-grey mantle, being finely streaked with a very light-greyish tinge. The primaries are
white throughout. Total length of the bird is about 24 inches. The feet are flesh-coloured;
bill, flesh-coloured with black tip; the iris is yellow. The range of this bird, according to the
A.O.U., is given as Arctic regions. Breeds from Victoria Land (Cambridge Bay) and Boothia
Peninsula to Central Greenland and east to Nova Zembla; winters from Southern Greenland
south to Long Island; casual on the Great Lakes; accidental in Nebraska and Maryland; in
Europe south to the British Isles, Scandinavia, and Baltic Sea.
Another very peculiar-looking gull was seen by the Director and members of his staff on
the lawn in front of the Parliament Buildings, Arictoria, from October 13th to 25th, 1920, at
intervals during these days on the arrival of the C.P.R. steamers.
This bird appeared after the arrival of one of the boats that plies on the triangular route
between Victoria, Seattle, and Vancouver. It would arrive about 3 p.m. with the boat, and
when the same boat was leaving at 4.30 p.m. the bird would disappear. It appeared to be
following this particular boat for some time in and out of Victoria harbour. The following is
a description of the gull noted by the Director:—
Back of head and nape, creamy white; bill, yellowish, bright-red spot on lower mandible
like a herring-gull; well-defined collar on the neck of umber brown; throat and abdomen uniform
dark brownish; wings pearly grey with black primaries and white spots. Mantle showing pearl
grey intermixed with brown umber;   tail, white.
Notes on the Chinese Stabling  (Acbidothebes cristatellus).
Many inquiries have been made from time to time in regard to a bird which is found in
the heart of Vancouver City. This bird is about the size of our red-winged blackbird; is a
bird that is uniform black throughout, with the exception of a dirty white spot inthe primaries
which is seen very distinctly in the primaries and secondaries when in flight. It has a small
crest on the head; the bill is whitish horn colour; feet, yellow horn colour; iris, yellow. On
the end of the tail there is a narrow band of a dirty greyish white.
The first record I have of this bird was a specimen collected by the Director in November,
1904, in the heart of Vancouver City between the old Court-house which stood on Hastings Street
and the public school. My attention was first drawn to this bird by the Hon. Mr. Justice Martin.
The specimen secured was at that time not known to the Director, and was sent to Washington
D.C, for verification, and was identified as Acridotheres cristatellus, a native of Southern China,
and had been reported from the Island of Luzon, in the Philippines. There were very few of
these birds in Vancouver at this time, although Mr. V. W. Mitchell, of Vancouver, recently
informed me that he had first noticed the bird in the year 1897, only seeing two pairs. These
birds have increased considerably the last few years, and appear to make their main roost on
the corner of Carrall and Cordova Streets, roosting on the sides of the buildings on ledgings
under the large overhanging cornices. These roosts now contain approximately 1,200 birds.
They leave their roosts in the early morning and fly off into the adjacent surroundings to fields
and gardens for food. These birds are very noticeable in the afternoons about one hour before
dusk, when they fly back to this roost for the night; they make a considerable noise, chattering
and whistling until darkness, drawing the attention of many passers-by.
I have no record of these birds doing any harm to agricultural interests, but they should be
watched and observed very closely in regard to agriculture. Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion
Inspector of Indian Orchards, informs me he has two authentic records of these birds from
persons who have observed them destroying the tent-caterpillar, which has become a considerable
pest in Vancouver City. 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 21
It might be of interest here to note an extract from a Bulletin published by Richard
McGregor, Ornithologist to the Bureau of Science, Manilla, where this bird had been imported
to the Island of Luzon, in the Philippine Islands, many years ago, which is quoted below:—
" The next bird that will be noted even by those who are not devoted to ornithology is a
slate-grey starling, JEthiopsar cristatellus (Linnaeus), about the size of an American robin.
When this bird flies a white band across the primary quills is conspicuously displayed. The
feathers of the frons are long and erect or strongly antrorse, giving the head a curious profile
view. The larger tail-feathers are tipped with white. For several years there was a roost of
these starlings in the trees in front of the Luneta Police Station, on Bagumbayan Drive, where
their chatter was very noticeable at dusk. A closely related species, Acridotheres tristis
(Linnaeus), was introduced into Hawaii, where it is well established; I found it extremely
abundant on Maui Island in 1900.    Both of these species are natives of Southern Asia.
" JEthiopsar cristatellus appears to have been introduced by the Spanish Government about
1850 with the hope that it would reduce the number* of locusts, which were and still are a very
serious pest to the agriculturist.
" A quotation in Blair and Robertson indicates that at least three attempts, 1849 to 1852,
were made to introduce and establish a species of martin (probably one of the starlings) in the
Philippines.    Foreman says :—
" ' In 1S51 the Government imported some martins from China with the hope of exterminating
the locusts. When the birds arrived in the Port of Manila they were right royally received by
a body of troops. A band of music accompanied them with great ceremony to Santa Mesa,
where they were set at liberty, and the public were forbidden to destroy them under severe
penalties.'
" ' Martin' as a Spanish word, is correctly applied to birds called ' starlings' in English,
and is not equivalent to 'martin' (species of Hirundinidae). I have been under the impression
that the bird introduced into the Philippines received its local name from Juan Antonio Martinez,
Governor from 1822 to 1S25, but this Governor left the Philippines twenty-five years before the
arrival of pajaros martines. Casto de Elera gives the name martin langoslero for Acridotheres
cristatellus."
There is no record of any definite data as to how this Chinese starling came to be found in
the vicinity of Vancouver; it is presumed that this bird was probably brought here direct from
the Orient by one of the Oriental liners, and that it escaped or was liberated.
The Provincial Museum now has three specimens which have recently been collected.
BOTANY.
While no field collecting was undertaken by any of the staff of the Provincial Museum, the
Herbarium collection is steadily growing, for which appreciation must be extended to Mr. W. B.
Anderson, Dr. C. F. Newcombe, and others for the donation of a number of interesting specimens
not hitherto in the collection.
Mr. Anderson's contributions are desirable and extensive, covering a large range of territory
withi'n the Province, including Anaham, Hazelton, and districts adjacent to Fort George, the
Columbia River Valley, and Southern Okanagan.
Many of these plants have been mounted and placed in the Herbarium collection, among
which are to be found the following of special interest:—
Adiantum-Capillus-Veneris L. Phlox Douglasii Hook.
Pellwa occidentalis (Nels.) Rydb. Castilleja lutescens (Greenman) Rydb.
Calla palustris L. Orthocarpus luteus Nutt.
Lilium montanum (A. Nels.). Orthocarpus tenuifolius Benth.
Peramium repens Salish. Pentstemon pinetorum Piper.
Saiix sp. fluviatilis Nutt. Pentstemon Richardsonii Dougl.
Comandra livida Richards. Lobelia Kalmii L.
Rosa Woodsii Lindl. Crepis elegans Hook.
Astragalus tenellus Pursh. Circium sp. foliosus Hook.
Hedysarum boreale Nutt. Ratibida columnaris (Sims) D. Don.
Hedysarum sulphurescens Rydb. Solidago corymbosa Nutt.
Oxytropis monticolor Gray. Solidago decumbens Greene.
Clarkia pulchella Pursch. Tetradymia canescens DC There are also several asters and species of Compositae not yet determined.
Plants collected in the vicinity of Victoria and presented by Dr. C F. Newcombe:—
Brasenia Schreberi Gmel. Orobanche comosa Hook.
Platyspermum seapigerum Hook. Artemisia canadensis Michx.
Lupinus lepidus Dougl. Agoseris laciniata (Gray) Greene.
Further additions are:—
Loiseleuria procumbens Desv. From the vicinity of Prince Rupert; presented by Miss
Beaman.
Potentilla paradoxa Nutt. Collected at Spences Bridge, B.C., August 6th, 1920, and presented
by Mr. W. A. Newcombe;
Carex Crawei Dewey. Collected at Golden, B.C., June 20th, 1920, and presented by
Professor J. K. Henry.
Hydrophyllum tenuipes Heller; Calamagrostis aleutica Trin. Vancouver Island specimens
presented by Mr. J. G. French.
Gentina propinqua Richardson. Collected at Cameron Lake, V.I., August 6th, 1916, by
Mr. W. R. Carter and identified by Professor C V. Piper, this being a new addition to the
Vancouver Island flora.
Among these contributions the following appear to be new additions to the flora of British
Columbia:—
Carex Crawei Dewey.
Potentilla paradoxa Nutt.
During the season a large number of plants have been identified for children attending some
of the Victoria City schools and others residing in several districts of Vancouver Island. These
plants were brought in by Miss M. Lawson, of the Colonist staff, who gave up a great deal of
time and work in the interests of the children by publishing a list weekly in the Sunday edition
of the Daily Colonist. This created a marked competition between the collectors, and, besides
keeping up their individual interest, was decidedly effective as an educational lesson in nature-
study by teaching them the names of some of their native flora.
Some of the plants received were in such poor condition that identification was impossible,
and it is desirable, should this work be continued, that some simple methods be followed in
collecting and preparing specimens which would be beneficial to all concerned.
It is worthy of mention that among the plants received were two (both introduced plants
and probably garden escapes), which, so far as we know, have not been previously recorded in
British Columbia, growing in a wild state, iwiniely :—
Borago officinalis L.    Collected at William Head by Miss Barbara Cox.
Nothoscordum bivalve (L.) Britton. Collected on Foul Bay Road, Victoria, by Master
Jack Miller.
•     ENTOMOLOGY.
By E. H. Blackmore, F.E.S.
In my remarks in the Provincial Museum Reports for the years 1918 and 1919 special
mention wras made of the scarcity of insects in general and noctuids in particular, thinking that
we had reached the limit in this respect, but from a collecting standpoint neither of those years
was as bad as the season just past. The weather conditions were somewhat abnormal, the total
rainfall for this year being 3 inches above the annual average, eight months out of the twelve
being above the average precipitation;' this, together with a great deal of cool weather in the
early spring, made collecting conditions very unsatisfactory.
The fall collecting was also exceedingly poor, as it started to rain on September 8th and
continued more or less until the end of the collecting season. Notwithstanding these drawbacks,
some very interesting material was taken during the season, and it only goes to prove that if
continuous and persistent collecting is carried on one can always turn up some rare and
uncommon species, however unfavourable the season may be from weather conditions or other
causes.
Some two or three years ago, on looking over the list of Microlepidoptera as recorded in
the 1906 Check-list of British Columbia Lepidoptera, I was very much struck with the comparatively few species listed from Vancouver Island (excepting Wellington), and especially
from Victoria. 11 Geo. o Provincial Museum Report. R 23
Upon making a list of the localities given, I found that out of 278 species recorded from
British Columbia 168 have been taken at Kaslo and 94 were listed from Wellington. The number
of species recorded from other localities are as follows: Vancouver Island, 24 (no specific
localities given) ; Victoria, 16; Vancouver, 7; and Atlin, 3. Some of the species were naturally
recorded from several localities, but the large majority of species were either taken by Mr. J. W.
Cockle at Kaslo or Mr. Theodore Bryant at Wellington. It is very evident from these figures
that, outside of the above-named gentlemen, very little collecting of these small but interesting
moths had been undertaken in any part of the Province. During the past few years, however,
Messrs. Day and Hanham, of Quamichan Lake, near Duncan, have added a number of new
species, and Mr. Cockle has considerably augmented his earlier list.
With the idea of extending our knowledge of -the " Micro " fauna of the southern portion of
Vancouver Island, the writer devoted most of his time during the past season to the acquisition
of material in this group, but owing to illness was not able to get into the field until June.
From then until October I made collections at Maillardville, Goldstream, Mount Newton, and
many points in the vicinity of Victoria. Mr. W. R. Carter, of the Museum staff, also assisted
in the work and brought in some good material. I was fortunate in securing the co-operation
of Mr. L. E. Marmont, of Maillardville, who collected extensively in that district. The material
sent in by him was very desirable, as it contained several species new to British Columbia,
besides a number of species previously recorded from the Interior.
From the material collected during the season the writer was enabled to mount over 1,200
specimens, comprising some 145 species; amongst these were four new to science, one new to
North America, and about thirty new to British Columbia. We have also verified a number of
species already listed and have added considerably to our knowledge of the known range of a
great many species.
We hope during the coming season to continue this work and would be glad to hear from
any collectors who would be willing to send in specimens in series, as there are without doubt
a large number of species occurring in the Province of which we have no record at present.
Appended is a list of the species of Microlepidoptera taken at Victoria, Goldstream, and
Maillardville during the past season which are not included in the 1906 Check-list of British
Columbia Lepidoptera.    Many of these are new records for the Province.
(Arranged according to Barnes & McDunnough's Check-list of the Lepidoptera of North
America.)
Pybaustin^e.
4992. Evergestis insulalis B. & McD. - Goldstream.
5144. Pyrausta perrubralis Pack.    Goldstream.
Scoparhn^;.
5245. Scoparia torniplagalis Dyar.    Goldstream.
Crambin^e.
5347. Crambus bidens Zell.    Maillardville.
5349. Crambus dissectus Grt.    Victoria.
5364. Crambus innotatellus Wlk.    Maillardville.
5446. Dicymolomia metalliferalis Pack.    Victoria;   Goldstream.
Phycitin^e.
5615. Meroptera unicolorella Hulst.   Maillardville.
Pterophorkle.
5858. Oxyptilus delawaricus Zell.    Maillardville. ;
■ Gelechiid^e.
Recurvaria nanella Hub.   Victoria.
CEcophobhle.
Carcina quercana Fab.    Victoria. R 24 British Columbia. 1921
EUCOSMHLE.
6790. Bactra furfurana Haw.    Maillardville.
6821. Argyroploce nimbatana Clem.    Victoria ;   Goldstream ;   Maillardville.
6836. Argyroploce galaxana Kearf.    Goldstream.
6862. Argyroploce instrutana Clem.    Victoria.
6867. Argyroploce dealbana Wlk.    Victoria ;   Goldstream.
6931. Eucosma rorana Kearf.    Victoria.
7009. Eucosma johnsonana Kearf.   Victoria.
7010. Eucosma hopkinsana Kearf.    Victoria.
7030. Eucosma solandriana Linn.    Victoria;   Goldstream.
7113. Proleopteryx emarginana Wlshm.   Victoria.
7162. Enarmonia plumbolineana Kearf.    Goldstream.
7170a. Tmetoeera ocellana D. & S. race lariciana Hein.    Victoria.
7263. Hemimene britana Busck.    Victoria'.
Tortrichle.
7309. Sparganothis inconditana Wlshm.    Victoria.
7313. Sparganothis tunicana Wlshm.   Victoria ;   Goldstream.
7333. Pandemis canadana Kearf.    Victoria;   Goldstream.
Caccecia hewittana Busck.    Victoria.
Tortricodes fragariana Busck.    Victoria.
7370. Tortrix lomonana Kearf.    Victoria.
7374. Tortrix peritana Clem.    Victoria;   Goldstream.
Tortrix invidana B. & B.    Victoria.
7416. Peronea cervinana Fern.    Goldstream ;   Maillardville.
Peronea maximana B. & B.    Goldstream ;   Maillardville.
Glyphipterygid.*:.
7631. Glyphipteryx bifasciata WJshm.    Victoria.
Plutellid^e.
7639. Euceratia castella Wlshm.    Victoria;   Goldstream;   Maillardville.
7641. Abebwa subsylvella Wlshm.    Victoria.
Yponomeutid^e.
7703. Argyesthia conjugella Zell.    Victoria.
Haploptiliid^e.
7820. Batrachedra prwangusta Haw.    Victoria.
Gracilariid^e.
8048c. Gracilaria alnivorella Cham, race sanguinella Beut.    Victoria.
Tineid^e.
8242. Monopis croeicapitella Clem.   Victoria.
Rare and Uncommon Insects taken in British Columbia during 1920.
Notwithstanding the unfavourable climatic conditions during the past season, we are able
to report more rare insects than we have in preceding years. Many collectors have sent in
reports of their captures, accompanied in most cases with specimens for identification.
Victoria.—Mr. W. R. Carter took some interesting noctuids " at sugar " in the fall, which
included Euxoa obeliscoides Gue.; Agrotis ypsilon Rott.; Rhynchagrotis sambo Sm.; It. scopeops
Dyar; Trachea cinefacta Grt.; and EremoMa claudens albertvna Hamp. A specimen of
Ipimorpha pleonectusa Grt. was taken " at light," the first recorded for several years. The
same collector picked up a dead specimen of Oligia violacea Grt. outside his house on August
21st. This was a most remarkable find, as it is the second specimen that we have any record
of taken in British Columbia.   The first one was captured at Clayoquot, on the west coast of  PLATE  I.
SATURNIID.U   AND   NOCTUIDJE.
Coloradia pandora Blake.
Victoria,  B.C.   (M.  Brinkman).
(New to Canada.)
Oncocnemis hayesi Grt.
Kaslo.   B.C.   (J.   W.   Cockle).
(Very  rare.)
Trachea heparans Grt. Oncocnemis atrifasciata Morr.
Maillardville, B.C.   (L.  E. Marmont). Mount McLean, B.C.   (A. W. Hanham).
(Very rare.) (New to British Columbia.)
Eremobia claudens albertina  Hamp.
Goldstream. B.C.   (E.  II.  Blackmore).
(Uncommon.)
Oncocnemis barnesi Sin. Hyppa brunneicrista Sm.
Trail, B.C.  (W. H. Danby). Kaslo, B.C.   (,T. W. Cockle).
(Very rare.) (Rather rare.)
Acronyeta strigulata Sm.
Lillooet, B.C.  (A. W. A. Fhair).
(New to British Columbia.)
Feralia Columbiana Sm. Feralia deceptiva McDun.
Vancouver, B.C.  (R. V. Harvey). Victoria, B.C.   (E. H. Blackmore).
(Not common.) (New to science.)
ScMnia separata Grt.
Spences Bridge, B.C.  (W. A. Newcombe).
(New to British Columbia.)   11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 25
Vancouver Island, some eighteen years ago. Mr. A. L. Meugens took a beautiful specimen of
Polia restora Sm.; this is a rather uncommon species. He also captured a specimen of Auto-
grapha metallica Grt., the second recorded from Victoria, the writer taking the first in 191S.
Amongst the geometrids taken by Mr. Meugens was a series of Nenwra unilinearia Tayl. " at
light" and a single specimen of Dysstroma ethela Tayl. taken on June 24th. This is rather a
rare geometer and is the first specimen taken in Victoria.
Amongst the geometrids taken by the writer during the season the following are of more
than ordinary interest: Dysstroma occidentata Tayl. (uncommon) ; D. sobria subumbrata Swett.
(the first specimen taken since the type specimens in 1915) ; Hydriomena manzanita Tayl.
(rare in Victoria) ; Entephria multivagata Hulst. (first record for Vancouver Island) ; and
Nematocampa limbata Haw. (uncommon).
Mount Neivton.—This locality is about 15 miles north of Victoria on the Saanich Peninsula
and attains an elevation of 700 feet. On August 1st, at the invitation of Mr. John Dean, who
has an ideal place situated about half-way up the mountain, the writer spent the day collecting,
and amongst many good things taken were Dysstroma sobria ochrofuscaria Swett. (the first
for several years) ; Enypia paekardata Tayl.; and Nepytia nmbrosaria nigrovenaria Pack, (the
first specimen that I have taken).
Goldstream.—The writer collected extensively in this locality during the season and obtained
many good things, the following being of special interest: Euxoa brunneigera Grt. (very rare) ;
Agrotis esurialis Grt. (uncommon) ; Parastichtis puta dusca Sm. (rare) ; Chlorosea nevadaria
Pack.; Lygris atrifasciata Hulst (first record from Vancouver Island) ; Dysstroma truncata
Hufn.; D. sobria Swett (the first specimen captured since the unique type was taken in 1914) ;
Phengommataea edwardsata Hulst (first specimen I have taken and first record from this
locality) ; Cleora albescens Hulst (first recorded capture since 1911; very rare, vide Rep. Prov.
Mus. Nat. Hist., B.C., 1918) ;  and Cleora latipennis Hulst (very uncommon).
Mr. H. McKnight, who resides at Goldstream, took a number of noctuids in September,
feeding on hops. On the front verandah of his house a large hop-vine is trained, and after it
gets dark the noctuids begin to arrive and with the aid of a lantern are readily bottled. The
moths are not easily disturbed and seem reluctant to leave the hops. Amongst the noctuids
taken by him the following are of interest: Euxoa brocha Morr. (not previously recorded from
Goldstream); Mythinma olivata Harv. (uncommon); Matuta apposita Grt.; Rhynchagrotis
sambo Sm. (uncommon); Graptolitha patefacta Wlk.; G. ferrealis Grt.; Eremobia claudens
albertina Hamp. (rare) ; and Goriyna pallescens Sm. (a very worn specimen, but undoubtedly
this species).
Departure Bay.—While on a collecting trip to this district last July, Mr. E. P. Van Duzee,
of the Californian Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, took a beautiful specimen of that rare
geometer Caripeta aequalaria Grt. at rest on the under-side of a leaf. He also took a fine
specimen of Synaxis jubararia Hulst. This is rather a remarkable capture, as this geometer
makes its appearance early in October as a rule—my earliest date being September 26th. Why
it should be on the wing in July is a mystery.
Alberni.—Amongst a collection of Lepidoptera made by Mr. John Bedford, a resident of the
district, we note the following: Gortyna pallescens Sm. (the second specimen taken in this
locality) ; Autographa rectangula nargenta Ottol. (uncommon) ; Plusia areoides Grt.
(uncommon); Drepana bitmeata levis Hud. (rare); Enypia paekardata Tayl.; Nematocampa
limbata Haw.  (uncommon) ;  and Evergestis straminalis Hub.
Neio Westminster.—Mr. A. B. Baird, of the Dominion Entomological Branch, took several
specimens of a medium-sized white moth which was identified by Dr. J. H. McDunnough, of
Ottawa, as Liparis salicis Linn, (the satin-moth). This is a new moth to Canada and was
probably imported on nursery stock from England. It feeds on Lombardy and other poplars
and may turn out to be of economic importance.   It is excessively abundant in England.
Maillardville.—Mr. L. E. Marmont, who collected persistently in this district in spite of the
bad weather, took a number of very interesting insects, many of them rare and some of them
new to the Lower Fraser Valley fauna. The following noctuids are worthy of more than passing
mention: Agrotis cynica perumbrosa Dyar (previously known from Kaslo and Vernon);
Agrotis flavotincta Sm. (uncommon) ; Polia grandis Bdv. (previously recorded from Kaslo) ;
P. nimbosa Gue.;   Graptolitha thaxteri Grt. (rare) ;   Trachea sepcrans Grt.  (previously known R 26
British Columbia.
1921
only from Windermere) ; Acronycta minella Dyar (known only from Kaslo and the Okanagan
District) ; A. innotata griseor Dyar (not previously recorded from other than Kaslo, the
nimotypical locality) ; Arzama obliqua Wlk. (rare), and Panthea portlandia Grt. (this specimen
taken on earliest known date—i.e., April 14th;  regular date of emergence is in July).
The geometrids taken included Lygris harveyata Tayl. (very rare) ; Hydriomena renunciata
columbiata Taylor (uncommon) ; Euphyia multiferata Walk, (several specimens of this
uncommon species taken at light) ; Philobia ulsterata Pears (Mr. Marmont reports this species
common at light; it has previously been regarded as rather rare) ; and Euchlwna tigrlnaria
sirenaria Strecker (uncommon).
Hagcnsborg.—This locality is about 12 miles from Bella Coola and is in a very wet district.
Mr. W. A. Sykes sent some material down that he had collected late in the season, but owing
to the abnormal rainfall very little was taken. However, we were pleased to receive it, as
scarcely any'collecting has been done in this vicinity. The species received were: Polygonia
satyrus Edw.; P. fannus rusticus Edw.; Aglais J. album B. & Le C.; A. antiopa Linn.; Enargia
citrata Linn.; D. citrata immanata Haw.; Ellopia somniaria Hulst. (this record extends its
known distribution) ;  Ennomos magnarius Gue.;  and Synaxis jubararia Hulst.
Lillooet.—Mr. A. W. Hanhain, of Duncan, spent a week in this locality during the latter
part of August. Most of his collecting was done on Mount McLean at altitudes varying from
3,000 to 6,500 feet. Some valuable material was taken, amongst which we note the following:
Argynnis hydaspe sakuntula Skin, (a new locality for this form) ; Euphydryas anicia D. & H.
(not previously known from here) ; PlebeiUs scudderi Edw. (known only from Atlin, vide Pro.
B.C. Ent. Soc, No. 14, page 7, 1919) ; Lasionycta scdilis Sm. (previously known from Kaslo
only) ; Oncocnemis atrifasciata Morr. (new to British Columbia) ; Carsia paludata Thun.
(rare) ; Itame epigenata B. & McD. (new to British Columbia) ; Pyla rainierella Dyar
(Mount Cheam only previous record) ; Eucosma stygiana Dyar (rare) ; and Hepialus pulcher
macglashani Hy. Edw. (very local—we have no other record than Mount McLean). Mr. A. W.
Phair has also taken it.
Amongst some material sent to us for identification by Mr. Phair the following are of special
interest: Euxoa andera Sm. (rare and a new locality); E. quinquelinea Sm. (rare) ; Septis
barnesi Sm. (not previously known from here) ; Acronycta strigulata Sm. (new to British
Columbia) ; A. moesta Dyar (uncommon) ; Andropolia theodori epichysis Grt. (uncommon) ;
Catocala nevadensis montana Beut.  (rare) ;   and Eosphoroptcryx thyaliroides Gue. (very rare).
Enderby.—Mr. J. Wynne, who resides in this district, reports the capture of Polia assimilis
pulverulenta Sm. and Cirphis commoides Gue. Both are good records. The former adds to
our knowledge of the distribution of this rather rare noctuid, as our previous records are from
widely distant localities—viz., Vancouver Island, Northern British Columbia (Taku River), and
Kaslo.   The latter (commoides) is also rare, our only records being from Kaslo and Penticton.
Kaslo.—A long list of captures has been sent in by Mr. J. W. Cockle, one of the oldest and
most enthusiastic entomologists in British Columbia. The following are of special interest:
Aplectoides occidens Hamp. (very rare) ; Perigrapha achsha Dyar (rare) ; Platyperigea anotha
Dyar (rare) ; Arzama obliqua Wlk. (uncommon) ; Panthea portlandia Grt. (the third specimen
taken in this district) ; Autographa orophila Hamp. (rare) ; A. flagellum Wlk. (second specimen
taken at Kaslo) ; A. sansoni Dod (new to British Columbia) ; Eupithecia tenuata Hulst.
(uncommon) ; Macaria purcellata Tayl. (rare) ; Caripeta angustiorata Wlk. (new to British
Columbia) ; Cleora satisfacta B. & McD. (rare) ; Gabriola dyari Tayl. (rare in this district
until this season, when Mr. Cockle captured five males and one female) ; and Erannis vancouverensis Hulst. (rare—one male taken, the first specimen taken since 1904).
Elko.—Mr. W. B. Anderson, Dominion Inspector of Indian Orchards, while on an inspection
trip in this district took a short series of Itame occiduaria Pack. This geometer is rather rare
in British Columbia collections, as it evidently is a Rocky Mountain species, our previous record
being Cranbrook.
Sheep Creek, Kootenay-Columbia Valley. A nice series of Eurymus alexandra emilia Edw.
was taken by Mr. Anderson in the latter part of July. He also ■ took a specimen each of Lygris
atrifasciata Hulst. and Euchlaena astylusaria Wlk. Mr. Anderson, whose duties take him over
a large portion of the Province, reports that climatic conditions were bad in most localities
and insect-collecting poor.  PLATE  II.
GEOMETRID.U.
Lobophora simsata Swett.
(Male para type.)
Victoria, B.C.   (E. II. Blackmore).
(Now to science.)
Carsia paludata Thun.
Mount McLean, B.C.   (A.  W. Ilanham).
(Rare.)
Drepanulatrix quadraria Grt.
(Male.)
Mount McLean, B.C.  (G. O. Day).
(New to British Columbia.)
Drepanulatrix quadraria Grt.
(Female.)
Mount McLean, B.C.  (G. O. Day).
(New to British Columbia.)
Itame epigenata B. & McD.
Mount McLean, B.C.   (A. W. Hanham).
(New to British Columbia.)
Marmopteryx marmorata Pack.
(Under-side.)
Vaseaux Lake, B.C.  (W. B. Anderson).
(Local.)
Metarrantliis septentricnaria B. & McD.
Lillooet, B.C.  (W. B. Anderson).
(New to British Columbia.)
Cleora satisfaeta B. & McD.
Kaslo, B.C.  (J. W. Cockle).
(Local.)
MICRO'LEPIDOPTERA.
Tortrix invidana B. & B.
Victoria. B.C.   (E.  II. Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Scoparia  torniplagolis Dyar.
Goldstream, B.C.   (E.  II.  Black-
more) .
(New to British Columbia.)
Carcina quercana Fab.
Victoria, B.C.  (E. H. Blackmore).
(New to North America.)
Sparganothis   tunicana Wlshm.
Goldstream, B.C.   (E. H. Black-
more).
(New to British Columbia.)
Crambus bidens Zell.
Maillardville, B.C.   (L. E. Mar-
mont).
(New to British Columbia.)
Caca'cia lietrittana Busck.
Victoria. B.C.  (E. H. Blackmore).
(New to science.)
Eucosma hopkinsana Kearf.
Victoria, B.C.  (W. R. Carter).
(New to British Columbia.)
Peronea maximana B. & B.
Maillardville,  B.C.   (L.  E.  Mar-
mont).
(New to science.)
Eucosma johnsonana Kearf.
Victoria, B.C.  (W. R. Carter).
(Rather rare.) Jftu
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-*«g"*  11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 21
New British Columbia Insects.
The following seventeen insects from British Columbia have been described as new to science
during the year 1920. They comprise twelve species of Lepidoptera, one species of Coleoptera,
two species of Hymenoptera (Parasitic), and two species of Diptera.
Lepidoptera.
Of the twelve species of Lepidoptera, two belong to the family Noctuidae, one to the
Lasiocampidae, five to the Geoinetriadae, one to the Pyralidae, and three to the Tortricidae. They
are as follows:—
Noctuidw.
Feralia deceptiva McDunnough. Described in the Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 165, June and
July, 1920, from two male specimens taken at Vancouver. This species had been previously
associated with Feralia Columbiana Smith. Further notes on both species will be found under
the heading of " Illustrated Lepidoptera," with illustrations of both of them on Plate I.
Gwnurgia erechtea Cram, form parva Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 226,
Dec. 1920, from specimens of both sexes taken by the writer at Victoria.
Lasiocampidw.
Tolype dayi Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 226, from seven specimens
taken on Vancouver Island—Quamlchan Lake (G. O. Day) ; Sluggett's (W. Downes) ; Victoria
(E. H. Blackmore).
Geometridw.
Lobophora simsata Swett. Described in The Lepidopterist, Vol. 3, page 123, Feb., 1920, from
fourteen specimens taken by the writer at Victoria. A figure of this species will be found on
Plate II. and more extended remarks upon it under the heading of " Illustrated Lepidoptera."
Eustroma nubilata Pack, form macdunnoughi, Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52,
page 267, Dec, 1920, from twelve specimens taken on Vancouver Island and the Lower Fraser
Valley—Duncan (E. M. Skinner) ; Vancouver (R. V. Harvey) ; Fraser Mills (L. E. Marmont) ;
Chilliwack (W. B. Anderson) ;  Goldstream, Vancouver, Cloverdale, Rosedale (E. H. Blackmore).
Dysstroma sobria Swett form swetti Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 268,
Dec, 1920, from ten specimens taken by the writer at Victoria. This large and handsome
geometer was figured under the name of mulleolata Hulst in Rep. B.C. Prov. Mus. Nat. Hist.,
1916, Plate VIII. In the light of later research mulleolata is considered to be the smaller white-
banded form, which is in some years very abundant on Vancouver Island in the month of August;
§wetti occurs in normal years in mid-June and is rather uncommon.
Anthorhoe incursata Hub. race lagganata Swett & Cassino. Described in The Lepidopterist,
Vol. 3, page 131, Feb., 1920, from two specimens taken by the late F. II. Wolley Dod. The male
holotype was taken at Laggan, Alberta, and the female allotype at Field, B.C., on July 3rd, 1907.
Eulype albodecorata Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 269, Dec, 1920, from
a long series of both sexes taken by the writer at Goldstream, B.C. This species is apparently
distinct from hastata Linn., with which it flies, the latter, however, being from a week to ten
days later putting in an appearance. In a long series of both species I have not known them
to intergrade, although they are subject to a certain amount of variation within certain limits.
On the other hand, gothicata Gue., which occurs sparingly at various points on the Mainland,
shows considerable intergradation with hastata. Until these various forms are bred from the
egg to the imago our proper understanding of this group will remain incomplete.
Pyralidw (Pyralinw).
Herculia florencealis Blackmore. Described in Can. Ent, Vol. 52, page 270, Dec, 1920, from
a single female taken by the late W. H. Danby at Rossland, B.C.
Tortricidw.
The following three species were described by Messrs. Barnes & Busck in Cont. Lepid. No.
Amer., Vol. IV., No. 3, page 215 et seq., March, 1920 :—
Tortrix dimorphana Barnes & Busck. Described from specimens taken at Duncan, B.C.
(A. W. Hanham), and Victoria, B.C. (collector's name not given). R 28 British Columbia. 1921
Tortrix invidana Barnes & Busck. Described from specimens taken at Duncan, B.C.
(A. W. Hanham), and Victoria, B.C. (collector's name not given). During the past season
the writer was fortunate in capturing four specimens of this new species, one of which is
figured on Plate II.
Peronea maximana Barnes & Busck. Described from specimens taken at Duncan, B.C.
(A. W. Hanham), and Victoria, B.C. (A. J. Croker). The writer has also taken this species
at Goldstream, and Mr. L. E. Marmont took a nice series at Maillardville, B.C., one of these
being figured on Plate II.
Coleoptera.
Aphodius canadensis Garnett. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page .139, June and July,
1920, from six specimens taken by Mr. C. B. Garrett at Cranbrook, B.C. (five), and Crowsnest,
B.C. (one). This species is a small shiny black beetle about a quarter of an inch in length and
belongs to the family Scarabidae.
Hymenoptera (Parasitic).
Arotes maurus Rohwer. Described in Pro. U.S. Nat. Mus., Vol, 57, page 517, 1920, from
two females taken at Mission, B.C. (collector's name not mentioned). This species belongs to
the tribe Acoenitini of the family Ichneumonidae. This new species of ichneumon-fly measures
about three-quarters of an inch in length, with slightly yellowish hyaline wings with dark-brown
veins.
Platycampus victoria MacGillivray. Described in Can. Ent, Vol. 52, page 59, March, 1920,
from specimens bred by Mr. W. Downes at Victoria, B.C. This is the adult of the orange and
black larvae which are so destructive to the Loinbardy poplar in Victoria during September.
Reference was made by the writer in Rep. Prov. Mus. Nat. Hist., B.C., 1917, page 9, to a
particularly bad infestation during that year. As the larvae are so well known to the average
Victorian, a short description of the adult insect taken from specimens bred by the writer
several years ago may prove of interest. Head and thorax glossy, black; body deep yellow,
with two pairs of transparent, iridescent wings. On the front margin of the first pair of wings,
two-thirds out from the body, is a blackish mark called the stigma. The antennae or feelers
are yellowish in the male and blackish in the female; the three pairs of legs are yellow. It
measures about a third of an inch in length and four-fifths of an inch from tip to tip of the wings
when spread out. My bred specimens emerged in the first week of June. This species belongs
to the family Tenthredinidae. They are popularly known as sawflies from the fact that the
abdomen of the female is furnished with a pair of saws which can be pushed out and moved
up and down. They are used for making slits in leaves or other vegetable tissue in which the
eggs are laid.
Diptera.
Melina palustris Melander. Described in the Annals Ent. Socy. Anier., Vol. 13, page 316,
Sept., 1920, from over 100 specimens ranging over a wide territory, including Idaho, Wyoming,
Montana, Washington, and British Columbia. The specific locality in British Columbia is Nelson,
where the specimens were collected by Mr. Melander. This is a small fly measuring about a fifth
of an inch in length, with hyaline wings, a blackish body, and a greyish thorax. The flies
belonging to this family are generally found on the borders of streams and in marshy places.
Euparyphus pretiosa Banks. Described in Can. Ent., Vol. 52, page 65, March, 1920, from
a single female taken at Vancouver, but the name of the collector is not stated.
Illustrated Lepidoptera.
Under this heading we hope to continue to illustrate, species which have been recently
described from British Columbia; those of rare and uncommon occurrence and those which
have been confused with other species.   Many of the species are here illustrated for the first
time.
We have not illustrated in this report the six species described by the writer in Can. Ent.,
Vol. 52, page 266 et seq., Dec, 1920, as an excellent plate accompanied the above article figuring
each of the species described.
The number appearing before each name corresponds with a similar number in Messrs.
Barnes and McDunnough's Check-list of North American Lepidoptera, 1917. Those with an
asterisk prefixed to them have been described since the above " List" was issued. 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 29
Saturniidw (Plate I).
7S2. Coloradia pandora Blake. This is rather a remarkable capture, as it is, I believe, the
first record in Canada of this southern species. This specimen was taken by Mr. M. Brinkman
in the early morning of July 18th at rest on the ground beneath an electric-light pole in
Victoria West. It is a male and is in fine condition, with the exception of the scaling on the
veins in the median area of the primaries, which is a little rubbed. The fore wings are brown
in colour, with the extra discal line and the basal area of a darker brown; the transverse lines
are edged with grey. The hind wings are somewhat translucent, with a dark extra-discal line
and a dusky sub-marginal band. The inner margin is of a distinctly rosy hue. The antennae
are pale yellow, heavily pectinated, with the pectinations strongly curved, which is a characteristic
of this group.   There is a large round solid black dot on each wing.
This species belongs to the family Saturniidae and is closely allied to Pseudohazis eglanterina
Bdv. (the sheep-moth). It is an inhabitant of Colorado and has also been recorded from
Nebraska, Arizona, and New Mexico, and in some years it is reported as being very common
at Fort Klamath, in Southern Oregon. As the particular part of Victoria West in which it was
captured is adjacent to a railway-yard where " foreign " cars stand until unloaded, it is reasonable
to suppose that this specimen came in its pupal state in one of these cars and emerged upon or
soon after its arrival here.
Noctuidw (Plate I).
1160. Sehinia separata Grt. This exceedingly pretty noctuid was taken by Mr. W. A.
Newcombe at Spences Bridge on August 19th, 1919. This is the first record of this species in
British Columbia and is also the first representative of the genus known to occur here. The
genus Sehinia contains a large number of species, most of them small and rather pretty. They
are particularly abundant in the South-western States. Dr. J. B. Smith (Trans. Am. Ent. Soc,
Vol. X., page 229, 1883) made separata a synonym of acutilinea Grt., but more recently it has
been raised to its former status as a separate species. The ground colour of separata is light
fawn marked with darker shades of the same colour, with the transverse lines white, narrowly
edged with black.   Acutilinea is a darker insect with the transverse lines more emphasized.
2018. Oncocnemis hayesi Grt. This is rather a rare insect, as, in fact, are all the species of
this genus in this Province, with the possible exception of O. chandleri Grt. The localities given
in " Dyar's List" (Bull. 52, U..S.N.M.) are Colorado, California, and British Columbia. As far
as our records show, Kaslo is the only locality in the Province in which it has been taken. The
specimen figured was taken by Mr. J. W. Cockle in August, 1913.
2061. Oncocnemis atrifasciata Morr. This is another new record for British Columbia and
was taken by Mr. A. W. Hanham on Mount McLean, near Lillooet, B.C., at an altitude of 4,000
feet. It is an inhabitant of the Atlantic States, but has been taken in Manitoba and Alberta.
It differs somewhat from Manitoban specimens in the dark-grey colour of the primaries and in
the collar being tipped with white. It is also a trifle larger, and when a series can be secured
it may prove to be a good geographical race.    The date of capture was August 20th, 1920.
2062. Oncocnemis barnesi Smith. This striking species was described from Wyoming in
Jour. N.Y. Ent. Soc, Vol. VII., page 37. It is exceedingly rare, the specimen figured being taken
by the late Mr. W. H. Danby at Trail on June 30th, 1900. Mr. Cockle, of Kaslo, has also taken
a specimen. The primaries are of a beautiful dove-grey, crossed by two distinct black lines,
the veins on the outer margin being narrowly outlined in black.
2098a. Feralia Columbians. This species was described in Can. Ent, Vol. 35, page 9, Jan.,
1903, from two males, one of which was taken at New Westminster by Dr. Fletcher in 1896.
It is a most beautiful insect, the ground colour being a bright blue-green with heavy, black
markings, some of which are edged with white. The specimen illustrated was taken by' the
late Captain R. V. Harvey at Vancouver on April 30th, 1904. It has also been taken sparingly
at Victoria, Duncan, and Wellington, and recently I have identified a specimen from Mr. Cockle,
of Kaslo, as this species.
* Feralia deeeptiva McDunnough. Described in Can. Ent, Vol. 52, page 162, June and July,
1920, from two males taken at Vancouver by the late Arthur Bush. This is very close to the
preceding species and is the same in coloration, but the maculation of the primaries is different,
while the secondaries are darker, being wholly smoky-brown. A reference to the figures will
show the differences between the two species. This newly described species has also been taken at Victoria and Duncan, and is probably
the same insect that was listed in the 1906 B.C. Check-list as Momophana comstocki Grt.
They are closely related, but the latter is only known from the Atlantic States.
2288. Trachea separans Grt. This is a most remarkable capture, as the only previously
recorded locality for this species in British Columbia is Windermere, in the foot-hills of the
Rockies. It was recorded under the name of ferens Sm. by the late Wolley Dod in the Bull.
B.C. Ent. Soc, April, 1908; ferens has now been made a synonym of separans. The specimen
figured was taken by Mr. L. E. Marmont at Maillardville on July 10th, 1920.
2359a. Eremobia claudens albertina Hamp. In Cont. Lepid. No. Amer., B. & McD., Vol. IL,
No. 1, Plate XIII., Fig. 4, is illustrated a specimen of albertina from Duncan, V.I. In the latter
part of May, while studying the splendid collection of noctuids belonging to Mr. G. O. Day, of
Duncan, the writer recognized several specimens of this rather rare noctuid from the above-
mentioned figure. A day of two later I found two or three more specimens in the collection
of Mr. A. W. Hanham, which were taken in the same district Strange to say, the species
turned up in Victoria this season, Mr. W. R. Carter securing a specimen " at sugar " on August
21st. The writer also took a specimen in good condition at Goldstream " at light" on September
7th, and Mr. H. McKnight, of Goldstream, took another on September 26th, the latter, however,
being rather worn.
2458. Acronycta strigulata Sm. This species is a new record for British Columbia and was
taken by Mr. A. W. A. Phair, of Lillooet, B.C., on July 27th, 1920. It is interesting to note in
this respect that, while Mr. Phair is an extremely busy man and does not find much time for
collecting, he always manages to take each season one or more species new to the Province.
The specimen is not in the best of condition, but we are glad to figure it as a new record. The
species was originally described from Colorado  (Ent. News. Vol. VIII., page 150, 1897).
2532. Hyppa brunneicrista Sm. The specimen figured was taken by Mr. J. W. Cockle, of
Kaslo, on June 1st, 1914. We are very glad to have seen this specimen and to be able to figure
it, as it has cleared up all doubts as to its presence in British Columbia.
In the 1906 Check-list both' brunneicrista and xylinoides were listed from Wellington,
Vancouver, and Kaslo. In Bull. B.C. Ent. Soc. No. 9, April, 1908, Wolley Dod states: " I believe
this record (brunneicrista) to be entirely erroneous. The species I saw rather commonly in
British Columbia collections under this name is the Pacific Coast form of xylinoides Grt" In a
continuation of the same article (Ibid. No. 10, June, 1908), and under the heading of Hyp pa
indistincta Sm., he says: " Dr. Dyar records this from Kaslo, but I believe him to be wrong in
referring brunneicrista Sm. to the synonymy. I have a specimen from Kaslo and took one at
Laggan last July which agree with the figure and description of indistincta, and are, in my
opinion, distinct from brunneicrista."
Recently Mr. Cockle has sent us specimens of all three species for examination, and while
indistincta and xylinoides are close to each other, brunneicrista is abundantly distinct from both
of them. It may be easily separated by the following characters: (o) The pectinations, of the
male antennae are longer than in the other species; (6) the thorax laterally is solid reddish-
brown; (c) the posterior thoracic tuft is distinctly rusty-brown; (d) a rusty-brown streak in
the s.t. space near the anal angle.    The general appearance of the insect also seems much darker.
Geometridw (Plate II).
3939. Marmopteryx marmorata Pack. Mr. W. B. Anderson was fortunate enough to secure
several specimens of this fine geometer at Vaseaux Lake, B.C., on May 25th, 1920. They had
evidently newly emerged and were in perfect condition. A figure of the under-side is given to
show the beautiful marbled effect on the hind wings. The ground colour is white with reddish-
brown and dark-brown markings. A reference to this species was made in the Rep. Prov. Mus.
Nat. Hist, B.C., page 18, 1919.
3945. Carsia paludata Thun. This species is one of the rarest geometers that we have and
is a high-altitude species. The first record that we had of this species was a specimen taken
by the late Mr. R. V. Harvey on the Hope Mountains on July 19th, 1906. No further record was
obtained until last year, when amongst some geometrids sent to the writer for determination by
Mr. J. W. Cockle, of Kaslo, another specimen of this species was found. Mr. A. W. Hanham,
while collecting on Mount McLean last August at an altitude of 6,500 feet, captured several
specimens, one of which we figure. 11 Geo. 5 Provincial Museum Report. R 31
* Lobophora simsata Swett. This new species was described from a long series taken by the
writer between May 5th and 10th, 1918. During the six years previous to that date the writer
had only taken odd specimens; i.e., one in 1913, one in 1914, two in 1916, and four in 1917, all
of which were taken in the suburbs of Victoria. Three of those taken in the latter year were
brought to me by Mr. A. Robinson, who stated that he had taken them at rest on the side of
his house. The following spring I asked him to keep a good look-out for them, and one day in
early May he informed me that there were a number of small moths flying at sundown on a
vacant lot adjoining his house which appeared to be the species that I wanted. Upon going over
there the following evening I found to my great delight that this was the case, and, although
a cool wind was blowing, I managed to net sixteen specimens. The weather conditions were not
very favourable during the next few evenings, but with hard work and a great amount of
beating nearly forty specimens were taken between us. Owing probably to the extreme wet
weather, none were seen in 1919. That winter the ground was cleared and ploughed over for
cultivation and I have not seen a specimen since.
4326. Drepanulatrix quadraria Grt. This is a new record for British Columbia and was
taken by Mr. G. O. Day while on a collecting-trip at Lillooet in July, 1919. It was described
in Can. Ent, Vol. XIV., page 185, 1SS2, and the localities given for it are California, Colorado,
and Nevada.   The sexes are dissimilar and we have figured a specimen of each.
* Itame epigenata B. & McD. This species was described from Truckee, Calif., in Cont Lepid.
No. Amer., Vol. III., No. 4, page 238, March, 1917. The specimen figured was taken by Mr. A. W.
Hanham in August last on Mount McLean at an altitude of 6,000 feet and is a new addition
to our list.
It also occurs at Kaslo, as the writer has recently seen a specimen taken by Mr. Cockle
which agrees very well with the Lillooet specimen. This is probably the same species as Dr. Dyar
records (Lepid. Koot Disk, 1904) under the name of bitactata Wlk. from Sandon (one) and
Kaslo (one). The two species are closely allied, but it is more reasonable to suppose that
epigenata would extend its range northward from California than that bitactata would extend
westward and cross the Rocky Mountains.
Cleora satisfacta B. & McD. This is also a new addition to our list, having been described
(Cont. Lepid. No. Amer., Vol. III., No. 4, page 244, March, 1917) from a pair taken by Mr. Cockle
at Kaslo, B.C. This is a rather rare geometer at Kaslo and very few specimens have been taken
until this season, when Mr. Cockle had the good fortune to secure three of them. We are glad
to be able to figure this species, as we have previously figured the other two British Columbia
species of this group; i.e., cxcelsaria Streck, Rep. Prov. Mus., 1917, Plate II., and albescens Hulst,
ibid., 1918, Plate II.
Dr. J. H. McDunnough has recently revised the whole of the genus Cleora (Studies in North
American Cleorini, Bull. 18 (Tech.), Dept. Agric, Ottawa, No. V., 1920) and has erected many
new genera, including Stenoporpia, which receives the three above-mentioned species.
Metarranthis septentrionaria B. & McD. This species was described in Cont. Lepid. No.
Amer., Vol. III., No. 4, page 257, March, 1917, from specimens taken at various points.in
Manitoba. The specimen illustrated was taken by Mr. W. B. Anderson at Lillooet on May 19th,
1918. It is closely allied to duaria Gue., but is separated from that well-known species by the
ruddy-brown shading on the median area, which causes the latter to stand out as a dark band.
There are also differences in the course of the extra and intra-discal lines.
The genus Gonodontis has been separated into two groups on account of the differences in
the male genitalia, duaria and its allies being placed in Warren's genus Metarranthis.
Microlepidoptera (Plate II).
5245. Scoparia torniplagalls Dyar. This rather well-marked scoparid was taken by the
writer at Goldstream on August 12th. It is a new accession to the list and must be somewhat
rare, as out of a large number of specimens of this genus taken during the past season only
three proved to be of this species.
Carcina queixana Fabr. This is rather a remarkable capture, as it is a new record for
North America. It is fairly common in some parts of England and has an extended distribution
throughout Europe, but has never before been recorded from any part of North America. The
writer was fortunate in securing seven specimens during the past season, the dates being as R 32 British Columbia. 1921
follows: July 16th (one); July 29th (two); August 4th (one); August 10th (two); and
August 12th (one).    Strange to relate, six of the seven specimens were taken in my own garden.
It is a very pretty moth, the ground colour of the primaries being of a dull pink, with an
oblong yellow patch on the costa, and the long fringe of the outer margin is also yellow. It
belongs to the family CEcophoridre. In a recent letter Mr. A. Busck, of the United States
National Museum, states that we should find the larva spinning a flat web on the under-side
of oak, apple, or willow.
5347. Crambus bidens Zell. This is an unexpected record, as its habitat is Eastern Canada
and the New England States. A nice series of this pretty crambid was taken by Mr. L. E.
Marmont at Maillardville. It was on the wing from the end of July until the middle of August,
but was extremely local. It is very closely allied to pascuellus Linn., with which species it is
liable to be confused.
7009. Eucosma johnsonana Kearf. This exceedingly pretty species was described in Trans.
Am. Ent. Soc, Vol. 33, page 36, Jan., 1907, from five specimens, which included a female from
Victoria (Rev. G. W. Taylor) and a male from A'ancouver Island. According to Mr. Busck this
species is rather rare in collections. Mr. W. R. Carter, however, secured three nice specimens
during the past season, the best of which, taken on July 29th, is figured.
When in good condition it is a very pretty insect, presenting a rosy-pink appearance. The
upper portion of the primaries are salmon-pink, with the lower half of the basal area a deep
rose-pink, bordered by a narrow band of blackish scales.
7010. Eucosma hopkinsana Kearf. This is another of Mr. Carter's captures and is apparently
new to British Columbia. It was described (ibid., page 37) from two specimens taken at
Hoquiam, Wash. Four specimens were taken by Mr. Carter during August, one of wrhich is
illustrated. The primaries are of a light green, marked with lines and shades of black and
fuscous.
7313. Sparganothis tunicana Wlshm. A short series of this pretty brown and yellow tortricid
was taken by the writer at Victoria and Goldstream during July and August. Mr. Busck considers
this species to be an extreme variety of the immaculate inconditana Wlshm. Two specimens of
the latter were also taken by me at Victoria in July last.
* Cacwcia hewittana Busck. This species was described in Can. Ent, Vol. 52, page 125,
June and July, 1920, by August Busck from a large series bred from raspberry at Sydney, Nova
Scotia. It is evidently a general feeder, as the writer bred a long series from larvae feeding on
apple, pear, cherry, and laurel. The adults began to emerge on July 4th and continued doing
so until about the 15th. They are very variable in the coloration of the fore wings, the ground
colour ranging from light ochreous, reddish ochreous, to fawn and dark brown.
It is rather surprising to see this species here in such numbers and it evidently has a wide
distribution.    Mr. Busck informs me that he also has the species from Toronto.
* Tortrix invidaiia Barnes & Busck. The writer took several specimens of this new species
in August and September, one of which proved to be a male. This is the first male recorded,
the type specimens being all females. The ground colour is sordid white, with grey bands and
markings edged narrowly with black.    It is rather uncommon.
* Peronea maximana Barnes & Busck. This is one of the largest of our British Columbia
tortricids and is rather a handsome moth. Mr. Marmont took a long series at Maillardville from
the middle of September and extending away on into October. The ground colour varies from
a very light grey to dark grey, with a series of reddish-brown markings on the costal edge of
the fore wing. The amount of reddish-brown scaling is also very variable, some of the specimens
having comparatively little, while others are heavily strigulated. Mr. Marmont's specimens
were all taken at rest in a grove of second-growth alders a short distance away from his home,
and this is probably their food-plant
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by William H. Cullin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1821.

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