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BC Sessional Papers

FIFTY-SECOND ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA 1922-23 BY THE SUPERINTENDENT… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly [1923]

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 PAET III.
APPENDICES.  14
Geo.
5
-
Part III
—Appendices.
.
F
Ill
HIGH
SCHOOL
AND
APPE
UNIVERSITY
:ndix A.
EXAMINATIONS,
1923.
MATRICULATION
The High School and University Matriculation Examinations began on June 25th and were
held simultaneously in the High and Superior School buildings at Abbotsford, Agassiz, Armstrong,
Atlin (Public School), Bridgeport, Burnaby North, Burnaby South, Chase, Chilliwack, Courtenay,
Cranbrook, Creston, Cumberland, Dennison, Duncan, Enderby, Esquimalt, Fernie, Golden, Granby
Bay, Grand Forks, Greenwood, Hedley, Howe Sound, Hudson Hope (Public School). loco, Kamloops, Kaslo, Kelowna, Keremeos, Ladner, Ladysmith, Landry, Langley, MacLean (Maple Ridge),
Matsqui, Merritt, Mission, Nakusp, Nanaimo, Naramata, Nelson, New Denver, New Westminster,
Oak Bay, Ocean Falls, Oyama, Peachland, Penticton, Point Grey (King George V. and Prince
of Wales), Port Alberni, Port Coquitlam, Powell River, Prince George, Prince Rupert, Princeton,
Quesnel, Revelstoke, Robson, Rolla (Public School), Rossland, Ruskin, Rutland, Salmon Arm,
Silverton, Slocan, Smithers, Sooke. Squamish (Public School), Stewart (Public School), Summer-
land, Surrey, Trail, Vananda, Vancouver (Britannia, King Edward, King George, Kitsilano,
Technical), Vancouver North, Vancouver South, Vanderhoof, Vernon, Victoria, Waldo, and
Westbank Townsite.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were: H. Ashton,
M.A., D.Lett., D.Litt.; J. C. Brady, M.A.; R. H. Clark, M.A., Ph.D.; J. G. Davidson, B.A., Ph.D.;
J. B. DeLong, B.A.; G. A. Fergusson, B.A.; M. E. Grenfell, B.A.; J. H. Hall, B.Litt.; Jas. Henderson, M.A.; A. H. Hutchinson, M.A., Ph.D.: S. W. Mathews, M.A.; D. L. MacLaurin, B.A.;
J. T. E. Palmer, B.A.; E. B. Paul, M.A.; L. Richardson, B.Sc.; L. F. Robertson, M.A.; D. M.
Robinson, B.A.; E. H. Russell, B.A.; G. G. Sedgewick, B.A., Ph.D.; H. H. Smith, B.A.; F. H.
Soward, B.A., B.Litt.; A Sullivan, B.A.; R. W. Suter, B.A., B.Sc.
The following are the names of the winners of His Excellency the Governor-General's silver
medals:—
David Cunningham Warden, South Vancouver High School.
Margaret G. Keillor, King George High School, Vancouver.
Clarke Arthur Simpkins, Kitsilano High School, Vancouver.
Frederick B. Johnston, King Edward High School, Vancouver.
Helena Margaretta Underhill, South Burnaby High School.
The names of the winners of the Royal Institution Scholarships awarded by the University
of British Columbia on the results of the Junior Matriculation Examination follow:—
Student.
High School.
Standing obtained at
Examination.
Scholarship.
First in Province	
,,        District No. 1   	
o
3   	
4   	
5   	
6
$150
100
100
King George, "Vancouver	
100
Elizabeth L. Scott	
100
100
100
The name of the winner of the Royal Institution Scholarship awarded by the University of
British Columbia on the result of the Senior Matriculation follows:—
Student.
High School.
Standing obtained at
Examination.
Scholarship.
First in Province	
$75 F 112
Public Schools .Report.
1923
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centke.
Examination Centre.
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Abbotsford 	
Agassiz  	
Armstrong:
Armstrong High	
Private   Study   	
Bridgeport   .. .	
Burnaby South  	
Chase   	
Chilliwack   	
Courtenay   	
Cranbrook   ....."	
Creston :
Creston High	
Camp  Lister  Public   	
Cumberland   	
Duncan :
Duncan High   	
Quamichan Lake  (Private)   .
Queen Margaret's School   . . .
Shawnigan Lake Preparatory
Enderby :
Enderby   High   	
Private  Study   	
Esquimalt:
Esquimalt High   	
Private   Study   	
Fernie   	
Golden :
Private  Study	
Granby  Bay   	
Grand   Forks   	
Greenwood:
Greenwood  Superior   	
Private   Study   	
Hedley   	
Howe Sound:
Howe Sound High	
Bowen  Island  Public   	
Private  Study   	
Hudson Hope Public  	
loco   	
Kamloops:
Kamloops High	
Pinantan Public	
St. Ann's Academy   	
Private  Study   	
Kaslo   	
Kelowna:
Kelowna  High   	
Marshall's Private	
Keremeos :
Keremeos   High   	
Private Study	
Ladner   	
Ladysmith	
Langley   	
14
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15
20
17
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26
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7 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 113
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre—Continued.
Examination Centre.
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Maple Ridge:
MacLean High  	
Matsqui:
Dennison High  	
Matsqui High  	
Merritt   	
Mission   	
Nakusp    	
Nanaimo:
Nanaimo High  	
Parksville Public  	
Private Study	
Nelson :
Nelson High  	
Procter Public	
St.   Joseph's  Academy   ....
Private   Study   	
New Denver :
New Denver High   	
Rosehery Public  	
Sandon  Public   	
New Westminster :
Duke of Connaught High  . .
T. J. Trapp Technical High
Columbia College  	
Oak Bay:
Oak Bay High  	
Cranleigh  House   	
St. Aidan's  	
St. Michael's  	
Ocean Falls   	
Oyama :
Oyama   Superior   	
Winfleld  Public   	
Peachland   	
Penticton :
Penticton  High   	
Private Study	
Point Grey :
King George V. High	
Prince of Wales High   ....
Private Study	
Port Alberni:
Port Alberni High	
Private Study	
Port Coquitlam :
Port Coquitlam High  	
Pitt Meadows Public	
Powell River :
Seaford Public  	
Squirrel Cove Public  	
Prince George	
Prince Rupert:
Prince Rupert High  	
Private  Study   	
1
10
22
1
19
1
2
41
3
3
18
1
10
1
42
31
1
3
1
10
4
11
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25
1
2
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18
2
1
5
7
3
1
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1
42
31
2
3
1
2
3
1
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4
16
4 F 114
Public Schools Report.
1923
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre—Continued.
Examination Centre.
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Princeton :
Princeton  High   	
Coalmont  Public   	
Quesnel	
Revelstoke :
Revelstoke   High   	
Private  Study   	
Robson :
Robson  Superior   	
Syringa  Creek   	
Rossland   	
Ruskin   	
Rutland   	
Salmon Arm:
Salmon  Arm  High   	
Private   Study   	
Silverton   	
Slocan   	
Smithers :
New Hazelton Public  	
North  Bulkley  Public   	
Sooke   	
Squamish   	
Summerland    	
Surrey   	
Trail:
Trail  High   	
Private Study	
Vananda	
Vancouver :
Britannia High   	
King Edward High   	
High School of Commerce   .
King George High   	
Kitsilano High  	
Technical High	
B.C. School of Pharmacy  ..
Can. Extension University . .
Convent of the Sacred Heart
Crofton House   	
St. Ann's Academy  	
St. Marina School  	
Private Study	
Vancouver, North:
North Vancouver High
Kingsley Private  School   ..
Private Study	
Vancouver,  South :
South Vancouver High ....
Private Study	
Vanderhoof:
Vanderhoof Superior	
Nechako Public	
Vernon :
Vernon High	
Okanagan Centre Public
17
22
12
13
2
12
1
43
90
63
46
19
4
2
1
15
2
3
20
29
83
1
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1
1
12
1
11
1
13
5
10
1
16
14
1
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6
3
10
9
16
1
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43
102
22
63
46
23
1
32
2
6
20
29
2
4
92
2
18
1 14 Geo. 5
1'art TIL—Appendices.
F 115
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centbe—Continued.
Examination Centre.
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St. Michael's	
Vernon Preparatory
Victoria:
Victoria   High   ....
St.  Ann's Academy
St.   George's   	
St. Margaret's	
Sprott-Shaw   	
University Military
Private Study	
Waldo    	
Westbank Townsite  .. .
269
139
32
2
2
78
3
6
3
1
2
12
12     1,029
I
29
79
4
12
10
1
2
13
3
9
1,516 F 116
Public Schools Report.
1923
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923.
Following are the names of the winners of His Excellency the Governor-General's bronze
medals:—•
District No. 1—Douglas E. Mcintosh, Monterey Avenue School, Oak Bay.
2—Florence C. Olson, Waterloo.
3—Margaret Coope, Cecil Rhodes School, Vancouver.
4—Katherine M. Lehrman, General Brock School, South Vancouver
5—Edwin A. Verner, Port Coquitlam.
6—Alma M. Farenhurst, Merritt.
7—Gladys A. Fisher, Penticton.
8.—Catherine McD. Urquhart, Bossland.
9—Maud G. Thorpe, Nelson.
10—Edward McLean, Prince Rupert.
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre.
Bradner Centre.
Abbotsford Centre.
Abbotsford     6
Poplar     3
Agassis Centre.
Agassiz
.10
Alberni Centre.
Alberni   2
Port Alberni  5
Beaver Creek   2
Private study   1
Alert Bay Centre.
Girls' Home, Alert Bay    4
Alice Arm Centre.
Alice Arm   1
Armstrong Centre.
Armstrong 15
Falkland      1
Heywood's Corner  2
Salmon "Valley    2
Arrowhead Centre.
Crawford Creek    1
Ashcroft Centre.
Ashcroft
Athalmer
Wilmer  ..
Athalmer Centre.
Atlin Centre.
Discovery
Barkerville Centre.
Barkerville
Blade Creek, Centre.
Black Creek    \
Aberdeen     2
Bradner    1
Jubilee   1
Bridgeport Centre.
Bridgeport    12
Lord Byng    8
Britannia Beach Centre.
Britannia Beach   1
Buckley Bay Centre.
Buckley  Bay     2
Bulkley Centre.
South Bulkley     1
Burnaby Centre.
Edmonds  Street    63
Gilmore Avenue 22
Kingsway West  25
Nelson Avenue  9
Schou Street  4
Burns Lake Centre.
Burns Lake  6
South Bank     1
Burton Centre.
Burtondale     3
Mount Ingersoll  2
Castlegar Centre.
Blueberry Creek   1
Castlegar    1
Robson    5
Chase Centre.
Chase    2 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 117
HIGH  SCHOOL ENTRANCE  EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued.
Number op Successful Candidates at each Centee—Continued.
Chemainus Centre.
Chemainus     6
C'rofton     1
North Galiano    1
Chilliwack Centre.
Chilliwack    6
Atchelitz     3
Camp Slough   3
Cheam     7
East Chilliwack  4
Fairfield Island  1
Lotbiniere    4
Robertson     9
Rosedale    11
Sardis  12
Strathcona  2
Yarrow  2
Coqualeetza Institute  2
Clearwater Centre.
Little Fort    2
Clinton Centre.
Big Bar Mountain   2
Clinton   1
Clo-oose Centre.
Clo-oose    1
Cloverdale Centre.
Cloverdale    12
Colebrook      1
East Kensington   1
Elgin     1
Kensington Prairie   1
Newton   2
Springdale     1
Strawberry Hill      2
Colwood Centre.
Albert Head   1
Colwood 3
Happy  Valley      1
Langford      1
Cortes Island Centre.
Whaletown    1
Courtenay Centre.
Courtenay   12
Comox      4
Grantham      2
Headquarters     1
Merville     2
Courtenay Centre—Continued.
Nob Hill     1
Puntledge     2
Royston     1
Sandwick   2
Cranbrook  Centre.
Cranbrook 12
Bull River Bridge     3
Fort Steele   3
Kimberley     2
Mayook      l
Moyie     3
Sullivan Hill     l
Wardner      3
Wattsburg    3
Wycliffe   2
Yahk   1
Creston Centre.
Creston    19
Camp Lister   2
Canyon City    2
Erickson      4
Wynndel     2
Cumberland Centre.
Cumberland    10
Bevan    1
Duncan Centre.
Duncan    18
Cowichan    2
Cowichan Lake     2
Glenora      2
Edgewood Centre.
Deer  Park     1
Fire Valley    2
Renata     1
Elphinstone Bay Centre.
Elphinstone Bay    1
Wilson Creek   1
Enderby Centre.
Enderby   &
Deep Creek   1
Enderby, North    4
Grindrod     2
Mara   1
Esquimalt Centre.
Esquimalt     7 F 118
Public Schools Eeport.
1923
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued.
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centke—Continued.
Fernie Centre.
Fernie    15
Coal Creek    2
Corbin     1
Crowsnest     1
Hosmer     3
Ganges Harbour ventre.
Beaver Point    2
Burgoyne Bay    4
Divide     1
Ganges Harbour    3
Retreat Cove   2
Vesuvius,  North     2
Formby  House     1
Golden Centre.
Castledale    1
Golden     9
Granby Bay Centre.
Granby Bay   12
Grand Forks Centre.
Grand Forks 11
Cascade      1
Fife     1
Grassy Plains Centre.
Grassy  Plains      1
Greenwood Centre.
Greenwood     3
Christian Valley   1
Rock Mountain     1
Haney Centre.
Alexander Robinson  2
Haney    10
Hazelton Centre.
Hazelton
Hedley Centre.
Hedley   '  2
Hope Centre.
Concord    1
St. Elmo     1
Howe Sound Centre.
Bowen Island  1
Howe  Sound     4
Huntingdon Centre.
Huntingdon     4
Upper Sumas   2
loco Centre.
loco
Kamloops Centre.
Kamloops 	
Beresford   	
Campbell Creek	
Campbell Range  	
Criss  Creek   	
Louis Creek  	
McLure   	
Rose Hill	
Squam  Bay   	
Vinsulla   	
St. Ann's Academy	
Zetland   	
Private study 	
.38
. 1
2
. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
. 1
. 2
. 1
. 6
. 3
.  2
Kaslo Centre.
Kaslo   	
Cooper Creek
Riondel   	
Sandon  	
Kelowna Centre.
Kelowna   	
Glenmore	
Kelowna, East	
Mission  Creek   	
Okanagan   	
Okanagan Centre   	
Okanagan,  South   	
Private study 	
Keremeos Centre.
Cawston  .
Keremeos
Kitsumgallum Centre.
Copper City	
Kitsumgallum   	
Pacific   	
Usk   	
1
4
3
2
Ladner Centre.
Ladner   25
Ladysmith Centre.
Ladysmith    	
Diamond Crossing	
Extension   	
.24
. 3
. 2
Lillooet Centre.
Lillooet   	
Seton Lake Creek	 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 119
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued.
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centbe—Continued.
Loos Centre.
Loos
Lumby Centre.
Lumby     5
Lytton Centre.
Foster's  Bar     1
Lytton     2
Malcolm Island Centre.
Kaleva    1
Malcolm Island   3
Mitchell Bay    1
Maple Ridge Centre.
Hammond     6
Maple Ridge   5
Masset Centre.
Masset
1
Matsqui Centre.
Clayburn   ,  3
Matsqui     4
Ridgedale      3
Merritt Centre.
Merritt     16
Nicola     1
Michel Centre.
Michel     2
Michel, New    1
Mission Centre.
Hatzic     5
Mission    16
Silver Hill     1
Nicomen Island   1
Nicomen North     2
Mount Lehman Centre.
Mount Lehman     3
Murrayville Centre.
County Line   1
Langley, East    1
Langley Fort   12
Langley  Prairie     3
Lochiel    3
Milner     3
Murrayville     7
Otter     2
Springbrook     3
McBride Centre.
McBride
Mackenzie Centre.
Noosatsum      2
Nakusp Centre.
Demars, West    2
Glenbank     3
Nakusp       4
Nanaimo Centre.
Nanaimo    29
Brechin  1
Cassidy     4
Cedar,  East      1
Cedar, North    2
Cedar, South     6
Chase River    7
Grant  Mine     2
Harewood     2
Nanaimo  Bay     6
Northfleld     1
Waterloo     1
Wellington,   South     3
St. Ann's Academy   3
Naramata Centre.
Naramata      2
Nelson Centre.
Nelson City:
Central  56
Hume    20
Fruitvale      1
Koch Siding   1
Salmo     5
Willow Point     1
Neiv Denver Centre.
New Denver
New Westminster Centre.
Central     68
Lister-Kelvin    62
Richard McBride  23
Herbert Spencer   21
Hamilton Road   4
Blue Mountain     4
Hillside    3
Annieville     1
South Westminster  2
Mayne Island  1
Columbian College    1
St. Ann's Academy  9 F 120
Public Schools Report.
1923
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued.
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre—Continued.
North Bend Centre.
Chaumox    1
North Bend     4
Notch Hill Centre.
Carlin Siding   1
Shuswap, North     1
Sorrento     2
White Lake  4
Oak Bay Centre.
Monterey Avenue   25
Willows    21
Ocean Falls Centre.
Hunter Island   1
Ocean Falls     6
Oliver Centre.
Fairview
Oliver ...
Oyama Centre.
Fir Valley    1
Oyama    10
Winfleld  3
Parksville Centre.
Errington     3
French Creek   1
Parksville   5
Qualicum Beach    2
Red Gap     1
Peachland Centre.
Peachland    7
Penticton Centre.
Penticton     30
Point Grey Centre.
Edith  Cavell     6
Kerrisdale     4)
Lord Kitchener    6
David Lloyd George   10
Magee     8
Prince of Wales   19
Queen Mary   9
Port Alice Centre.
Port Alice    2
Port Coquitlam Centre.
Port Coquitlam 13
East Coquitlam    1
Essondale     3
Port Coquitlam Centre—Continued.
Glen     1
Pitt Meadows    2
Port Moody Centre.
Port Moody    13
Powell River Centre.
Myrtle Point     1
Powell River    9
Prince George Centre.
Prince George    8
Fort George South    7
Prince Rupert Centre.
Prince Rupert  46
Annunciation School      2
Princeton Centre.
Coalmont  ■  2
Killarney      1
One Mile    1
Princeton     8
Procter Centre.
Balfour     1
Boswell     2
Harrop     1
Quesnel Centre.
Alexandria      1
Quesnel     4
Revelstoke Centre.
Revelstoke    47
Albert Canyon   1
Rolla Centre.
Pouce Coupe Central  2
Rossland Centre.
Rossland     9
Ruskin Centre.
Ruskin  2
■ Rutland Centre.
Ellison  3
Rutland  10
Saanich Centre.
Cedar Hill .6
Cloverdale , 15
Craigflower 10
Gordon Head   6
Keating.,,,,,  6 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 121
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued;
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre—Continued.
Saanich Centre—Continued.
Model    8
McKenzie Avenue   5
Prospect Lake    1
Royal Oak  4
Saanichton     2
Saanich, West    3
Strawberryvale     3
Tillicum    16
Tolmie    14
Sooke, East     1
Salmon. Arm Centre.
Salmon Arm 17
Broadview     2
Canoe, North    1
Canoe, South    1
Salmon Arm, West  3
Silver Creek   3
Tappen      2
Tappen Valley   2
Sandspit Centre.
Skidegate
Seymour Arm Centre
Seymour Arm	
Sidney Centre.
Deep Cove   2
Saanich, North     4
Sidney    12
Silverton Centre.
Silverton     3
Slocan Centre.
Slocan City  10
Smithers Centre.
Glentahna     1
Smithers     5
Sooke Centre.
Jordan River   1
Sooke    3
Stewart Centre.
Stewart
Summerland Centre.
Summerland    6
Meadow Valley   1
Swanson Bay Centre.
Swanson Bay   1
Telkwa Centre.
Round Lake
Telkwa
Trail Centre.
Trail   45
Union Bay Centre.
Union Bay      S
Vananda Centre.
Blubber Bay
Vananda   ...
Vancouver Centre.
Aberdeen  	
Alexandra  	
Bayview    	
Beaconsfield  	
Central    	
Dawson   	
Charles Dickens  	
Fairview   	
Franklin   	
Simon Fraser 	
General Gordon 	
Grandview   	
Hastings   	
Henry Hudson	
Kitsilano   	
Livingstone  	
Model   	
Mount Pleasant	
MacDonald  	
Lord Nelson  	
Florence Nightingale	
Cecil Rhodes  	
Lord Roberts 	
Laura Secord 	
Seymour   	
Strathcona   	
Lord Tennyson   	
Junior High 	
Christian Brothers' School	
Eudistine School	
Holy Rosary  	
St. Augustine's   	
St. Patrick's 	
.10
.19
. 8
. 6
. 3
.17
.13
.14
. 4
.18
.17
.17
. 5
.19
. 8
. 8
.17
.17
. 4
. 9
.16
.33
.17
. 8
. 5
.12
.30
. 2
. 8
. 1
.10
. 7
.13
North Vancouver Centre.
Lonsdale   	
Queen Mary  	
Ridgeway	
Capilano   	
Lynn Valley 	
North Star 	
.12
.17
.19
. 8
. 8
. 7 F 122
Public Schools Report.
1923
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923—Continued.
Number of Successful Candidates at each Centre—Continued.
South Vancouver Centre.
Brock    11
Carleton    11
Gordon  13
Moberly    4
McBride  7
Mackenzie    8
Norquay       3
Secord    11
Selkirk  22
Sexsmith    12
Tecumseh     6
Van Home   3
Wolfe     7
West Vancouver Centre.
West Vancouver   22
Vanderhoof Centre.
Collishaw     1
Fort Fraser    2
Fort Fraser, North     1
Nechako     1
Vanderhoof    5
Vernon Centre.
Vernon   17
Coldstream     3
Lavington     1
Okanagan Landing  3
St. Michael's    4
Preparatory      1
Victoria Centre.
Boys' Central	
Sir James Douglas
Girls' Central	
George Jay 	
Margaret Jenkins ..
North Ward	
Oaklands   	
South  Park   	
West 	
Mayne Island	
Metchosin   	
St. Ann's Academy .
St. Louis College ...
St. Margaret's  ......
Rhodes School	
. 1
.29
.18
.37
.14
.23
. 8
.26
.12
. 1
. 2
.15
.11
. 1
.  3
Waldo Centre.
Jaffray
Waldo
Westbank Centre.
Glenrosa
Westbank
White Rock Centre.
Hall's  Prairie
White Rock  ..
Williams Lake Centre.
Springhouse   	
Williams Lake	
Woodflbre Centre.
Woodflbre
Number of candidates examined   4,939
Number of successful candidates  2,788
Number of pupils promoted on recommendation   1,791
Total number of pupils promoted to high schools  4,579 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 123
APPENDIX  B.
HIGH SCHOOL ENTRANCE EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923.
Arithmetic    (Time,  2V2  hours.)
Value.
9       1.(0.)  Divide one hundred ninety thousand, twenty-six by three hundred ninety-seven.
(b.) Add 2486|, 974f, and 18974; then subtract the sum from 10,000.
(c.)  Simplify 2 - li.
9f
7        2.  (a.)  J| of a clerk's monthly salary is $55.25.    Find his monthly salary.
(&.) A carpenter bought a keg of nails at 4.6c. a pound.    Find how many pounds
are in the keg if he paid $11.50 for it.
12        3.  (a.)  A man walks at the rate of 73 metres a minute.    How many kilometres can he
walk in 3.9 hours?
(6.) The diameter of a circular racecourse is 840 yards.    What is its circumference?
What is its area?
10       4.  (a.)  How many times can a box containing 4 bushels 1 peck 3 quarts be filled from
a bin holding 165 bushels 2 quarts?
(6.)  If a ton of hard coal occupies 35 cubic feet, how many tons will a bin 8 feet
3 inches by 6 teet 8 inches by 17 feet 6 inches hold?
12 5. Find the total cost of the lumber required to build a plank sidewalk % mile long,
6 feet wide, and 2 inches thick, laid on two rows of 2" x 6" scantling, if the
plank was bought at $30 per M. and the scantling at $36 per M.
12       6.  (a.)  If brooms are bought wholesale at $7.50 a dozen, what per cent, profit will be
made by selling them at 85c. each?
(6.)  Last year my property was assessed  at $5,475  in  a town where the rate  of
taxation was  26.8 mills on the dollar.    I  received  a  discount  of 5%  for
prompt payment.   What amount of taxes did I pay?
10 7- A field is 85 rods long and contains 34 acres. Find: (tt) The width of the field;
(6) the cost of fencing it at $1.65 a rod.
14 8. Through his agent at New York a Vancouver merchant bought 3,600 yards of carpet
at an average price of $1.08% a yard, paying a commission of 1%%, an ad
valorem duty of 5%, and a specific duty of 6c. The freight and other charges
amounted to $120.75. At what price per yard must he sell the carpet to gain
28% on the total outlay?
14       9.  (a.) Find the compound interest on $700 for 1 year 3 months at 6%, interest being
compounded half-yearly,
(ft.) Find the proceeds of a note for $900 drawn December 1st, 1918, for 2 months and
discounted December 15th at 6%. Drawing.    (Time, 2%  hours.)
Value.
21 (*•)  Select three examples of work from your drawings, as follows:—
(1.)  An example of shading in pencil.
(2.) An example of colour-work.
(3.) An example of geometrical design, or scale-drawing.
30        (6.) Freehand drawing:—
With ruler and set-square draw an oblong 5 inches by 7 inches. In this space
draw a design, using any of the following as units: Oak-leaf and acorns;
maple-leaf and keys; butterflies.
25        (c.)  Freehand object-drawing:—
Draw any group of models you have studied during the year, and add shading.
24        (.&•)  Geometrical drawing:—
Work any three of the following:—
(1.) Divide any line into 7 equal parts.
(2.)  Draw a line AB 3 inches long, and on it construct a square.    (Do not
use set-squares.)
(3.)  Divide the circumference of a circle  into 8 equal parts.    Join the
points and give the name of the figure.
(4.)  Draw any scalene triangle, and on a line AB 3 inches long construct
a similar triangle.
(5.)  On a line AB 4 inches long, make an angle at A of 75 degrees.
Geography.    (Time, 2% hours.)
27 1. Draw as large as your paper will permit a map of Canada. Show on it the Province
of British Columbia with its boundaries. Trace the course of each of the following
rivers: Fraser, St. Lawrence, Skeena, Athabaska-Mackenzie, and Saskatchewan-
Nelson. Show the main line of the C.P.R. from Montreal to Vancouver. Mark
with a dot or small circle the exact position of Port Arthur, Toronto, Ottawa,
St. John, Halifax, Kingston, Regina, and New Westminster.
15 2. (a.) Name one centre or locality in British Columbia in which each of the following
industries is carried on: Halibut fishery, copper-mining, fruit-growing, dairy-
farming, wood-pulp production, coal-mining, lumbering, gold-mining, salmon-
packing.
(6.) Explain why Vancouver is an ice-free port in winter while the port of Montreal
(farther south) is frozen for several weeks.
14       3. (a.) What is meant by "irrigation"?   Name a district in British Columbia which
depends to some extent upon irrigation for raising its crops.
(?;.) Name a tropical country or district with abundant rainfall and also a tropical
country or district with insufficient rainfall.    Give in each case the causes
that produce the abundance or lack of moisture.
18       4.  (a.)  Through what waters would a steamer pass in going from London (England) to
Vancouver?   Of what would its cargo probably consist?
(b.) Locate the following places:   Singapore,  the Ruhr Valley,  Gibraltar,  Buenos
Aires, Glasgow, Chicago, Yokohama, Madras, Bristol, and Bordeaux. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 125
Value.
14
12
5. Write a description either of Egypt or of South Africa under the following heads:
Surface   and   drainage,   climate,   products.    Locate   two   cities   of   outstanding
importance in the area you describe.
6. On the accompanying map show in their proper places:—
(a.) The six states of the Australian Commonwealth.
6.) The Great Dividing Range and the Darling-Murray river system,
(c.) The Tropic of Capricorn.
(d.) Sydney, Melbourne, Hobart, Brisbane.
Candidate's No	
NOTE.-
-When the candidate has finished this map he should  detach it  from  the  rest  of the  Geography
paper and hand it in with his other answers. F 126 Public Schools Report. 1923
Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 2%  hours.)
Value.
37        1- Because he was so swift of foot he was placed five yards behind some of the swiftest
runners that had been seen on that track.
You may imagine how I  felt when I  heard this abominable old  rogue  addressing
another in the very same words of flattery as he had used to myself.
In the above sentences:—
(».)  What are the principal and the subordinate clauses?    Give the kind and the
relation of each clause.
(6.) What part of speech is each of the italicized words?   State the relation of
each word,
(c.)  What are the cases and the relations of the words runners, rogue, another,
as?
((Z.)  Give the voice, tense, person, number, and class (transitive or intransitive)
of teas placed, felt, had used.
14       2-  (<*■■) Rewrite the following, completing each sentence by using one of the words in
the brackets.    Give reasons for your choice of words.
(1.)  Every candidate had to show (their or his) knowledge.
(2.)  If I were (he or him) I wouldn't go.
(3.)  This is one of the best books that (were or was) ever written.
(4.) The teacher said they  (done or did)  their work well.
(6.) Make the necessary corrections in the following sentences. Give reasons for the
changes you make. •
(1.) He only walked five miles.
(2.) We do not sell mens' hats.
(3.)  Neither his father nor his mother are here.
13       3.  (a.)  Give:—
(1.) The plural of chimney, mystery, knife, hero, goose, deer.
(2.) The past participle of see, cat, sit, set, lie (recline), He (tell lies), lay,
go.
(&.) Distinguish between the following pairs of words by using each word correctly
in a sentence: Teach, learn; invent, discover; proceed, precede; accept,
except; stationary, stationery; statue, statute.
16       4.  (o.)  Combine into one sentence:—
Queen Margaret fled.    She was the Consort of Henry VI.    She fled after a
defeat in one of the Wars.    The wars were between the Houses of York
and Lancaster.
(&.)  Write   a  letter  addressed  to   J.  M.   Dent  &  Sons,   Ltd.*  215-219  Victoria   St.,
Toronto, ordering a copy of the Canadian School Atlas and stating that you
are enclosing in payment a money order for one dollar,
(c.)  Suppose you have a musical instrument which you no longer require.    Write out
an advertisement offering it for sale.
20       5. Write a composition of about one page on one of the following topics:
(a.) The Character which you found most interesting in the Work you studied
for Literature this year.
(&.)  The Appearance, Life, and Habits of any Bird that may be found in your
locality,
(c.)  Early History of British Columbia. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 127
Penmanship and Dictation and Spelling.    (Time, 1%  hours.)
(25 marks for Penmanship and 75 marks for Dictation and Spelling.)
[Note.—The passages (questions A and B) are to be read slowly and distinctly to candidates
three times—the first time to enable them to gather the meaning; the second time to enable
them to write the tvords,; and the third time for review. Punctuation marks should not be
dictated.    Candidates are not permitted to rewrite the passages.]
Value.
24 A. Besides their freight of human beings with the necessary food and clothing, these
boats carried one or two small cannon, rifles and ammunition, tools for building,
blankets, knives, cloth, beads, and other merchandise for the Indian trade.
Arrived at a spot suitable for the company's post—perhaps a bluff overlooking the
junction of two rivers, some sheltered cove near its mouth, or a fertile plain
beside a fine harbour—the men unloaded their boats and proceeded to cut down
trees and erect a strong building to serve the purpose of a dwelling, storehouse,
and fort. The rude furniture necessary for immediate use was made, and the
piles of goods were neatly arranged.
15
14
B. A  celebrated  doctor  made  some   interesting  observations   regarding  the  effect   of
tobacco on muscular exertion.    He says:—
" Whenever it is desired to secure the highest possible working ability, as in
athletic contests where maximum effort is demanded, all things which
interfere with muscular strength are removed as far as possible. Tobacco
is one of the first substances forbidden. Experiments carried out at the
University of Michigan have shown that even moderate amounts of tobacco
in the form of smoke lower the working power of the human muscle by a
high percentage."
C. (1.)  He gave assent to the proposal.
(2.)  My cousin exclaimed, "Hear the bells peal!"
(3.) The pistil bears the seed.
(4.) The eave-trough leaks.
(5.)  Does he think that the signature is genuine?
(6.)  Volcanic eruptions are almost always preceded by earthquakes.
(7.)  The irrigation scheme of the Canadian Pacific Railway will mean the reclamation of thousands of acres of land.
22       D. high ceiling,
forcible language,
luscious fruit,
exactly divisible,
Arctic regions,
lettuce salad,
vertical cylinder,
ninetieth avenue,
dental surgery,
porcelain saucers,
oatmeal porridge,
linen envelope,
social parasite,
bridal feast,
gorgeous plumage,
natural resources,
crippled veteran,
gross negligence,
impaired digestion,
vicious tendencies,
initial stages,
column formation. F 128 Public Schools Report. 1923
APPENDIX  C.
HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION, JUNE, 1923.
Preliminary Course, Junior Grade.
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
5        1.  (a.) What is a ballad?    Where is the scene of the ballad Rosabelle laid?
5 (5.)  What were the supernatural prodigies that preceded the death of a member of
the house of St. Clair?    Quote or express in your own words.
Q "  (a)  Give the meaning of the words in italics:—
(i.)  To inch and rock the sea-mews fly.
(ii.) Each baron, for a sable shroud,
Sheathed in his iron panoply.
(iii.)  Shone ever}7 pillar foliage-bound.
(iv.)  Blazed battlement and pinnet high,
(v.)  And seen from caverned Hawthornden.
11        2. Contrast the Parson in  The Deserted  Village with  the Parson  in  The Birds  of
Killingworth.
N.B.—You may answer this question by quoting from each poem, or you may give
your answer in your own words.
5        3.  {a.)  "The poem The Ancient Mariner has an atmosphere of great mystery."
Support  the  above  statement  by  giving five  instances  of the  supernatural
recorded in the poem.
3 (&.)  What merits apart from its uncanny atmosphere does the poem possess?
3 (c.)  Quote a few lines to show Coleridge's power of painting a picture in a few words.
3 (d.) What was the life-long penance that the Ancient Mariner had to perform in
atonement for his crime?
10       4. (a.) Quote from one of the following:—■
Ulysses (Tennyson), about 12 consecutive lines.
The Skylark (Shelley), 4 consecutive stanzas.
Ode to a Nightingale (Keats), 1 stanza.
The Vision of Sir Launfal (Lowell), about 12 consecutive lines.
5 (&•)  Wtite a paragraph giving your reasons why we should commit poetry to memory.
10        5. " The poem Ulysses has helped many people to brave the struggle of life."
Do you think that this statement is true?    Give reasons for your answer.
6. Tell from what poems the following selections are taken, and express the meaning
of each selection in your own words:—
4. (a.) My dazzled sight he oft deceives,
A brother of the dancing leaves.
4 (&•) The voice I heard this passing night was heard
In ancient days by emperor and clown.
4 (c) Low lies that house where nut-brown draughts inspired,
Where grey-beard mirth and smiling toil retired.
4 (d.) Not once cr twice in our rough island story
The path of duty was the way to glory.
10        7.  (a.) Describe the siege of the Round House in Kidnapped, paying particular attention
to the character of Alan Breck as portrayed therein.
8 (&.)  Give Alan Breck's reasons for entertaining such a deep hatred for "Red Fox." 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 129
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
8        1. Decline together throughout:  grave vulnus, longior dies.
7       2. Write the ablative singular and the genitive plural of:   pons, pri/neeps, exerciius,
agrnen, frater, locus, dux.
5        3. Give the other degrees of comparison of: malus, similis, utilis, magnus, potens.
5       4. Give the principal parts of:  relinquo, do, gero, jubeo, video.
18 5. Write the second person singular and the third person plural of all the tenses you
have taken of the verb " video." Give the English for each word in the third
person plural.
5        6. Give an English word derived from each of the following Latin words :  novus, malus,
summus, mille, nihil.
20       7- Translate into English :—
(a.)  Sed non aequum est multos amicos necare propter injurias paucorum.
(6.)  Summa cum virtute impetum sustinuit et plurimos in fugam dedit.
(c.) Propter paucitatem civium videbatur facillimum esse pontem occupare et
in mediarn urbem exercitum ducere.
(d.) Animi omnium spe victoriae confirmati • sunt,
(e.)  Amicitiae causa agros finitimis concedere non dubitabis.
32        8. Translate into Latin:—
(a.) They had marched 23 days with 2,000 soldiers.
(6.) We were informed by several scouts of the king's arrival,
(c.)  At the third hour they left the camp without a guide.
" {d.) When all the army is posted, the signal will be given,
(e.)  We do not fight after the withdrawal of our allies.
(/.)  We shall demand a very large number of reinforcements from the Romans,
(ff.)  Lieutenant, you are being sent to treat for peace.
(h.) The middle of the island was useless to the inhabitants.
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[N.B.—All candidates must write Section A.    Section B is for those who have studied Siepmann
and Section O is for those who have studied Fraser and Squair.~\
Section A.
12       1.  («•) Write in the plural :—
(1.)  C'est mon cheval.
(2.) II ne porte pas son chapeau.
(3.) La chevre mange le gros chou.
(4.) Voila. un oiseau curieux;  est-il noir ou bleu?
12 (&■) Write in the singular:—
(1.)  Commencent-ils Ies travaux?
(2.) Les fils de vos amis aiment ces jeux.
(3.)  Regardez ces autres arbres.
(4.) Nous finissons tous nos exercices. F 130 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
Q       2. J'ai un livre.
Rewrite this sentence six times, using the following expressions:   beaucoup,  bons,
assez, verts, quelques, ne    .    .    .    pas.
8       3. Substitute the noun in brackets for the italicized noun and make the necessary
changes:—
(1.)  Son cheval est vieux  (vache).
(2.)  Ces gants sont Wanes (feuilles de papier).
(3.)  Tous Ies fruits ne sont pas pareils (cerises).
(4.)  Quels soldats cruels (femme).
12       4. Form  sentences  with the following groups  of words,  beginning with  the present
indicative of the verb, putting d and the definite article where necessary before
the first noun and de and the definite article where necessary before the second:-—
Model sentence—Je parle a I'enfant de M. Dubois,
repondre (first sing.)    .   .   .   lettre   ...   Georges,
parler (second sing.)    .   .   .   frere   .   .   .   professeur.
donner de l'argent   (third sing.)    .    .    enfants    .    .    .    pauvre femme.
vendre du beurre  (first plur.)    .    .    .    ami    .    .    .    marchand.
raconter une histoire  (second plur.)    .    .    .    fille    .    .    .    homme.
arriver (third plur.)    .    .    .    portes    .    .    .    jardins.
Section B.    (Siepmann.)
16        1.  (a.)  Write the present indicative in full of choisir sa plume, using the possessive
adjective corresponding to the subject.
(6.)  Write the present indicative in full of vendre cette ferme, replacing the noun
ferme  by   the   following   nouns:    bicyclette,   arithmetique,   chien,   animal,
poisson, gateaux,
(c.)  Write the imperative in full of:   avoir, repondre.
24        2. Put into French:—
(1.) What is that book?    It is a dictionary.
(2.) What time is it?    It is a quarter to one.
(3.) The farmer has forty-one lambs and sixty-three calves.
(4.) She speaks in a low voice when her mother is ill.
(5.) They do not prevent the boys from playing in the park.
(6.) How tired I am!    Let us stay here a few minutes.
10       3. Answer these questions in French:—
(1.)  Combien de centimes y a-t-il dans un franc?
(2.)  En quoi est un franc?
(3.) Quelle est la mauvaise habitude d'Alfred?
(4.) Que porte Victor quand il fait le docteur?
(5.)  Pourquoi Lucie desobeit-elle a, sa mere?
Section  C.    (Fraser and  Squair.)
12       1-   (*■)  Rewrite each of the following sentences, using  (1) the imperfect,  (2) the past
indefinite, (3) the future:—
(1.)  II me donne des lecons.
(2.)  Nous sommes bien fatigues.
(3.) Vous avez ia une belle fleur.
(4.) lis perdent du temps. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 131
Value.
8 (b.) Rewrite the following sentences in the imperative (second plur.) :—
(1.)  II a du courage.    (2.)  Je choisis mon cadeau.    (3.)  Je vais chez moi.
(4.) II me repond.
6        2. Substitute pronouns for the italicized words :—
(1.)  Expliquez la lecon.
(2.)  Nous parlous d la dame.
(3.)  II est plus grand que Georges.
(4.)  II ramasse son   cahier.
(5.) Parlez-vous aux enfants?
(6.) 'Elle ne regarde pas Ies fieurs.
24       3. Translate into French :—
(1.) The dining-room is longer than your bedroom.
(2.) He is a friend whom I like very much.
(3.) Do these pens belong to your sister?
(4.) Have you found the books which you were looking for?
(5.) Are there any pretty houses in the country?
(6.) These apples which I have bought are not very sweet.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
10       1- A classmate of yours is going to visit a relative in another city in which you have a
friend.    Write a letter introducing this classmate to your friend.
9       2. Explain unity and coherence as applied to the paragraph.
10 3. Correct the following sentences:—
(a.)  I saw quite a lot of my friends at the meeting.
(b.) Do not answer less than four questions.
(c.)  The house was furnished as good as s^ou could wish.
(d.)  Don't buy those sort of books.
(e.)  Isn't Henry just wonderful?
11 4. Punctuate the following:—
(o.) Captain asked a sailor can anything be lost if you know where it is no replied
the captain then said the sailor your silver teapot which has just fallen
out of my hand is not lost for I know that it is at the bottom of the ocean.
(6.) Ribbons buttons buckles pieces of gold-lace any trifles he had worn were
stored as priceless treasures.
60       5. Write an essay on one of the following subjects:—
(o.) Life in Cluny's Cage.    (Kidnapped.)
(6.)  Protection of Bird Life.    (The Birds of Killingworth.)
(c.) Country Life:  Its Advantages and Disadvantages. F 132 Public Schools Report. 1923
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
10 1.  (a.) Add together a(a - b + c + d), b(a + 5 - c + d), c(a + o + c - d), d(- a + b + c + d).
.. ,  _        a+6 a- 6
(o.) -brom take —--—.
2 ^
16     . 2. (a.) Multiply 4.x3 - 1 Ix + 2 - 3,«2 by 2x2 - 5x + 9.
(6.) Divide 6a5 - 14a2 -25 + 10as - a4 by 3a2+ 5 +4a.
24 3.  Solve the following equations :—
(a.) i(2a; + ll)-l (5-6«) = 7x+ll.
(r,)?-3 = 3;"--+6 = 48.
x      y x      y
(c.) x + y + z=18; x-y + z=\2; x + y -a = 6.
10 4.  Simplify by removal of brackets :—
84-7 [-llx-4{ -I7a:+3(5a.-l)}].
10        5. Find Square Root of 4a;2 - 12* + 5 + - + -2 •
18 6.  (a.) If a  man walks ^ miles an hour, how many miles will  he go in x minutes'?
How many minutes will it take him to go x yards %
(b.)  One flock of sheep consists of   10 sheep more than the half  of another flock.
The two flocks together contain 91 sheep.    How many in each flock 1
12 7. If v = u+ft and »2 = m2 + 2/s :—
(a.) Find t in terms of v, u, send J]
(b.) Find s in terms of v, u, and/!
(c.)  Find numerical value of v and s when « = 20, t = i,f= - 2.
Physics and Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.]
1. Describe the chemical hygrometer and show how it is used to measure the water vapor in the
air.    When does air feel dry?    When does it feel damp?
2. What are convection currents?    Show how convection currents in water are used for the
heating of buildings.    Of what use are convection currents in ventilation?    Use diagrams.
3. Describe an experiment to illustrate the principle of the balance and give a sketch of the
things you use.
4. How would you proceed to prepare oxygen gas?   What are its properties?
5. In what proportions, by mass, do hydrogen and oxygen exist in water?    How would you go
to work to find this out for yourself?    Give a sketch of any apparatus you would use.
6. Give an account of the balance of nature and of the uses of plants in this connection.
7. What is the cause of hardness in water?   How may it be removed? 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 133
General Science.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.   Answer seven only.]
1. (a.)  Name three modern mechanical devices in common use which utilize compressed air.
(6.)  What properties of compressed air make it useful in these appliances?
2. (a.)  Give approximately the length of a metre in inches and tell what is meant by cubic
centimetre, gram, and litre.
(6.)  Show by diagram the construction of an " air thermometer," and explain its action.
3. (a.) How would you determine the direction of air-currents in a room?
(6.) What movement in air-currents is set up when you open an outside door leading into a
warm room?    Give the reason for this movement.
4. Explain the heating of the water in a hot-water tank which is connected with the fire-box
of a kitchen range or burner*
Make a drawing of one of the following to illustrate your answer:—
(1.) The above mentioned hot-water tank and connections.
(2.)  A piece of apparatus which you would use in the laboratory to illustrate this system
of heating.
Use arrows to indicate the movement of the water.
5. (a.) Describe an experiment to show that the sense of feeling is not reliable as a means of
estimating temperature.
(6.)  Change the following Centigrade readings to Fahrenheit:—
-40° C.; ^-6° C.;  12° C.;  50° C*
6. Tell wrhat you know of carbon dioxide under the following headings:—
(a.) Its composition.    (6.) Its production, naturally and artificially,    (c.) Its injurious
qualities,    (d.) Its main uses,    (e.) Method of identifying it.
7. " All plants which have chlorophyll are able to manufacture their own food."
(a.)  Elaborate and explain just what is meant by this statement.
(6.)  Name a plant that has no chlorophyll and mention a characteristic by which any one
might recognize it.    How does it get its food?
8. (a.)  Bow do bacteria multiply and at what rate?
(6.) How can this process of multiplication be retarded without destroying the bacteria?
(c.)  Relate your answer to  (b) to the best method you can recommend for the keeping of
uncooked food, such as milk, fruit, or meat.
9. (a.) Tell how to get distilled water.    Illustrate your answer by means of a drawing.    How
does distilled water differ from clean water taken from a well?
(6.)  What is the difference between organic and inorganic impurities in water?   Which do
you consider the more dangerous?   What would you do with impure water to render
it safe for drinking purposes?
10. Discuss the formation of soil under the following heads:—
(o.)  Substances from which soil is formed,    (b.) Agencies that operate in its formation,
(c.) Meaning of the following terms: clay loam, sandy loam, peaty soil, silt, humus.
11. (a.) What food materials do plants get (1) from the soil, (2) from the air?
(6.) Name and explain the process by which plants take their food from the soil. F 134 Public Schools Report. 1923
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
Value.
15        I.  (a.) If a straight line cuts two other straight lines so as to make the alternate
angles equal, then these two straight lines are parallel.
(6.) Under what other conditions would these two straight lines be parallel?
14       2. Prove that the three angles of a triangle are together equal to two right angles.
12       3. From which of the conditions given below may w^e conclude that the triangles ABC,
A'B'C are identically equal? Give the reason for your decision in each case,
(i.)  A=A'=S0° (iv.)  a=a'=3 cm.
B = B' = 40° 6 = 6'=4 cm.
<z=a'=4 cm. c=e'=5 cm.
(ii.)  o=»'=4 cm. (v.)  B-=B' = 55°
bo=b'~2 cm. b~b' = 5 cm.
C = C' = 80° .               c=c' = 6 em.
(iii.)  A = A'=: 35° .(vi.)  C = C'=90°
B = B' = 120° c=0'=13  cm.
C = C'= 25° a = a'--o 5 cm.
14 4- Any two sides of a triangle are together greater than the third side.
15 5. A is the vertex of an isosceles triangle ABC and BA is produced to D so that AD is
equal to BA ;  if DC is drawn, show that BCD is a right angle.
15       6. In a straight line XY find a point which is equidistant from -two given points A and
B on the same side of XY.    (State your construction and give a theoretical proof.)
15        7. If in a quadrilateral the greatest and least sides are opposite to one another, then
each of the angles adjacent to the least side is greater than its opposite angle.
Civics.    (Time, 1% hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer four only.]
1. (a.) What authority has the Provincial Government over public and high schools?
(6.) Name the chief duties of a school board.
(c.)  Why is education essential in a democratic country?
2. (a.) Explain the difference between direct and indirect taxation and give two examples of.
each.
(6.) Name five ways in which the money that is raised by the Federal Government in taxes
is spent.
-/
3. (a.) Give the qualifications of a voter in a British Columbia provincial election.
(6.) Draw a diagram of a ballot-paper and show how it should be marked,
(c.) Explain how the ballot-paper may be spoiled.
4. (a.) Tell under which of the three governments—federal, provincial, municipal—you would
place the following items :—
Lighthouses;  Customs duties; immigration; public parks; administering criminal
law;  constructing roads;  post-offices;  bridges;   supervision of  Fruit-growers'
Association; banks; forest preservation ; dog-tax.
(5.)  Name four departments of the British Columbia provincial government. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 135
5.   (a.)  Give the name of each of the following:—
(1.) The Premier of British Columbia.
(2.) The Prime Minister of Canada.
(3.)  The Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.
(4.) The Governor-General of Canada.
(5.) The Prime Minister of Great Britain.
(&.)  Write a paragraph on one of the following topics :—
(1.) The present situation in the Ruhr Valley.
(2.)  Recent explorations in Egypt.
(3.)  The Lausanne Conference.
Arithmetic    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.   Answer eight only.]
1. (a.)  Add:  3.75; 375; .375; 37.5
(&.)  From 37.5 take 3.75.
(c.) Multiply .2 by .05.
id.) Divide .075 by 25.
2. Express 3.4 metres as centimetres; as kilometres.    Give the English equivalent of metre, kilo
metre, litre, gram.
3. The longitude of Halifax is 63° west and that of Victoria is 123° west.    When it isi 9.30 a.m.
(standard time) in Victoria, what is the time in Halifax?
4. A man drew 65% of his money from a bank and with 40% of this bought a house and lot
for $5,200.    How much money had he remaining in the bank?
5. A clothier is offered 400 suits of ready-made clothing at $18 a suit, less 20% and 5% by A,
and at $16 a suit, less 10%, by B. If he buys from A, the clothier pays the freight, $4.50.
B offers to pay the freight.    Which is the better offer and by how much?
6. A sewing-machine catalogued at $40 is sold to a merchant subject to a discount of 25% and
20%. The merchant marks it at a certain price, but before selling it he gives discounts
of 25% and 20%.    He gains 25%.    Find his marked price.
7. A person invests $750 at simple interest and at the end of 3 years and 8 months he finds that
he possesses $956.25.    What rate per cent, per annum did his money yield?
8. A young man had $1,600 saved.    He purchased a house and lot for $4,000, borrowing $2,400
at a bank, giving as security a mortgage on the house and lot. The house rented for
$37.50 a month. He paid 5%% interest on the mortgage; %% premium on an insurance
policy of $3,000; IS mills tax on a valuation of $3,500; $14 per year for water; $50 for
repairs.   What rate of interest did he receive on his investment?
9. What will a hanker retain on discounting a note of $1,275 drawn on the 4th of March, at
10 months and discounted on August 14th at 5%?
10. A merchant began business with a certain capital. He gained 5% each year he was in business
and at the end of 3 years he was worth $18,522. With what capital did he begin business
provided he added his gain to his capital each year? F 13C
Public Schools Report.
1923
Drawing.    (Time, 2 hours.)
(a.) Selections from Drawings.
[Time taken to collect these drawings is not to be deducted from the two hours
allowed for this paper.]
Select the following from your drawing-books and write your distinguishing number
at the top right-hand corner of each. Before beginning your drawing give these
to the Examiner.
1. An example of freehand design.
2. An example of brush-drawing in colour from nature.
3. An example of shaded object-drawing.
(b.) Geometrical.
Copy the given geometrical pattern, making your copy about 6 inches wide.
Value.
7
7
6
15
(c.) Freehand Drawing and Design.
33 Using the accompanying cut, representing a sprig of wild-rose bush, as your motif or
source from which to derive ornamental forms, design one of the following
projects:—
(1.) A book-cover 5% by 8% inches for a new edition of The Arabian Nights.
(2.) An inlaid wooden panel to decorate the top of a box 8*4 inches square.
(3.) An embroidered handbag 8% inches wide.
Choose your ornamental forms from the accompanying illustration.    You are at liberty
to use the geometrical figure given in (&) as the basis of your design.
It should be remembered that natural forms are generally unsuitable for the purpose
of design. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 137
Value.
(d.)  Object Drawing.
32       Reproduce,  by means of a freehand, shaded, pencil  drawing, the accompanying cut.
Your drawing should be at least 6 inches high.
: F 138 Public Schools Report. 1923
Advanced Course, Junior Grade.
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will answer Section A and any two of Sections B, C, D.]
Section A.   Longer Narrative Poems.
Value.
4 1.  (a.) What is the theme or subject of the poem Christabel?
5 (6.)  In the following selection mark the words or syllables on which the accent
falls.'—
" 'Tis the middle of the night by the castle clock,
And the owls have awakened the crowing cock,
Tu-whit!    Tu-whoo!
And hark, again! the crowing cock,
How drowsily it crew."
6 (o.)  Select two short passages from the poem, that, because of beauty of description
or musical flow, have made a strong appeal to your emotions.
10       2.  (o.)  In the poem Sohrab and liustum we are presented with a number of highly
picturesque scenes glowing with light and colour.
Write a short description of one of these scenes.
5 (6.)  What reasons had Rustum for not desiring a combat with Sohrab?
5 (c.)  What was the direct cause of Sohrab's defeat?
3. Answer any three of the following:—
5 (a.) Give the main arguments which Goldsmith  advances in defence of the
rights of Britain's peasantry.
5 (6.) What virtues, in Goldsmith's opinion, live and thrive among a simple and
happy peasant people?
.5 (c.)  Give the substance of Goldsmith's address to poetry beginning:—
" And thou, sweet Poetry, thou loveliest maid—"
What figure of speech does the poet use throughout this address?
5 (d.)   Give a short character sketch of the Schoolmaster in The Deserted Village.
5 (e.)  How does  Goldsmith's treatment of this character differ from  Whittier's
treatment of a similar character in Snoiv-Bound?
10       4. Quote twelve consecutive lines from one of the following:—
(a.) The Deserted Village.
(6.)  Snow-Bound.
(c.)  Sohrab and Rustum.
Section B.    Julius Caesar.
Answer any two of the following:—
10 («•) Write a paragraph on the difference in character between Oalpurnia and
Portia.
10 (°-) Give in y°ur own words the substance of Marc Antony's speech to the
citizens on the occasion of Caesar's death.
10 (c) What qualities did Brutus lack as a public speaker?
Section C.    Quentin Durward.
Give a brief account of:—
10 («•)  The first meeting of Quentin Durward and King Louis.
10 (&•)  The Boar Hunt.
Section D.    Specimens of the Short Story-.
10        («•)  Set forth, in not more than a page,  the train of reasoning that led Dupin  to
discover the Purloined Letter.
10        (b-)  Of the specimens of short stories, which one did you like best, and why? 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 139
Latin.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
8        1. Decline:   tu, idem (neuter only), grave vulnus.
7       2. Compare:  malus, bene, faoilis, celer, utilis, acriter, prope.
10       3. Give the following verb forms:—
(tt.)  Second singular present indicative passive of fero.
(&.)  Second plural imperfect subjunctive of fio.
(c.)  Third plural perfect indicative of absum.
(d.)  First plural future indicative passive of vulnero.
(e.)  First plural imperfect subjunctive of ineo.
(f.)  Second singular present subjunctive passive of gero.
(g.)  Second plural perfect subjunctive active of redeo.
(h.)  First plural pluperfect subjunctive of desum.
(i.)  Second singular present subjunctive of nolo.
(/.)  Third plural future indicative of possum.
10       4. Write the principal parts of:   dejicio, persuadeo,  volo,  praesto, confero,  occurro,
coorior, sentio, progredior, vereor.
10 5- Give the Latin for:   according to custom; on guard; to wheel about; to suffer loss;
on one side; by common consent; to be very strong; at the beginning of summer;
to be of service; just before dawn.
32        6. Translate into Latin :—
(a.)  When he left the town, he said he would return as quickly as possible.
(6.)  He does not say why he wishes to do this.
(c.)  They will urge us to follow them.
(d.) He thinks that the men whom he is sending will soon arrive there.
(e.)  He left two thousand men to guard the camp.
(/.)  Learning their plan, he sets out to lay waste the fields.
(g.)  Outposts should be stationed lest a sally be suddenly made.
(h.) He learned that this island, Britain by name, was smaller than Gaul, but
that the Britons were equal to the Gauls in number.
12       7- Translate into English:—
Dum haec in colloquio geruntur, Caesari nuntiatum est equites Ariovisti propius
accedere, et lapides telaque in nostros conjicere. Caesar loquendi finem fecit,
seque ad suos recepit, sulsque imperavit, ne quod omnino telum in hostes
rejicerent, ne puis! hostes dicere possent se in colloquio per insidias circum-
ventos. Quibus rebus cognitis, multo majus studium pugnandi exercitui
injectum est.
(a.) Explain the subjunctives rejicerent, possent.
11 8. Translate into English:—
Hie respondit se graviter vulneratum esse; cum tamen ceterl quaesivissent quis ei
vulnus intulisset, respondit ille Neminem id feeisse. Quibus rebus auditis,
unus e Cyclopibus dixit: " Si nemo te vulneravit, apparet consilio deorum,
quibus resistere nee possumus nee volnmus, hoc supplicio te affici." His
rebus dictis, discesserunt Cyclopes, eum in insaniam incidisse arbitrati.
(a.)  Explain the subjunctives quaesivissent, intulisset. F 140
Public Schools Report.                                            1923
French.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[N.B.-
-All candidates must write Sections A and D.   Section B is for those who have studied
Siepmann and Section C is for those who have studied Fraser and Squair.]
Value.
Section A.
10
1. Rewrite in the plural:—■
(1.)  C'est un nouvel ami.
(2.)  Un autre bateau s'approcha.
(3.)  Ce journal francais.
(4.)  Mon vieux pardessus.
(5.) Leur chateau curieux.
10
2. Rewrite, substituting pronouns for the italicized words:—
(1.)  Pourquoi n'a-t-il pas donne de 1'argent aux pauvresf
(2.)  Etes-vous a Ve'colc?
(3.) Avez-vous visits Ies iglisest
(4.)  Qui est chez Marie?
(5.)  Donnez cette pomme a votre soeur.
(6.) Ne ramassez pas le crayon.
(7.)  II vend du beurre au marche.
(8.) Vous et Georges etes de mon avis.
(9.)  J'arrive toujours avant mes freres.
4
3.  {a.)  Supply suitable relative pronouns :—
(1.)  Voici l'homme    .    .    .    je vous ai parle.
(2.)  Ou est la ferme    .    .    .    il vous a vendue?
(3.) Quels sont Ies enfants avec   .    .    .   vous jouez?
(4.) J'ai oublie le livre dans   .   .   .   j'avais cache la lettre.
8
(b.) Translate into French:—
Their book and ours.    Her houses and his.    Your hicycle and mine.    Our
garden is near theirs.
12
4. Rewrite  each  of  the  following  sentences   (o)   in  the  imperative   (second  plur.),
(6)  in the past indefinite  (third plur.),   (e)  in the future interrogative  (third
sing.) :—
(1.) Vous etes agreables.
(2.) Je ne Ies remplis pas.
(3.) 11 la vend.
(4.) Vous avez toujours de 1'argent.
Section B.    (Siepmann.)
12
1. Translate into French :—
(1.)  Is this book yours?
(2.)  How slow she is!
(3.) What an ugly animal!
(4.) What are you looking at?
(5.) To whom is he speaking?
(6.) They have not enough paper. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 141
Value.
24       2. Translate into French :—
(1.)  At what time will he be here?    At half-past four.
(2.) I often used to think of the old farm.
(3.) His presents are as beautiful as last year but they are not so numerous.
(4.)  He will leave for France as soon as his father arrives.
(5.) If the captain noticed the boys he would speak to them.
(6.)  Selfish people are the most unhappy of all.
Section C.    (Fraser and Squair.)
12       1- Translate into French :—
(1.) It is fine to-day.
(2.) No one has come.
(3.) What is on the table?
(4.) Is this book yours?
(5.) It is half-past six.
(6.) I am glad to see you.
24       2. Translate into French :—
(1.) I arrived at New York on the sixteenth of July.
(2.) The gloves which I have bought are smaller than these.
(3.) Is it in this house that you used to live?
(4.) They have no more bread;  let us give them some.
(5.) When the house is ready, we shall live in it.
(6.) We intend to go to Europe next summer.
Section D.
20       Translate:—
(1.) Nous avons perdu de vue Monmouth au moment oil precipite du haut du pont
Notre Dame, ii se debattait dans Ies flots. Par bonheur pour lui, Ies piles
de l'arche principal© avaient un rebord assez large, auquel il put
s'accrocher. De Ik il promena ses regards autour de lui. La Seine lui
parut un ocean sans homes; il crut au-dessus de ses forces de la traverser.
II prefera done demeurer a sa place au risque d'y perir de faim ou de
froid, et attendit Ies evenements avec resignation.
(2.) L'aventure des sieurs Croquemouche et Guignolet s'etait repandue parmi Ies
mariniers; Faribole l'apprit de l'un d'eux et decouvrit un temoin qui
avait vu Lustucru jeter le chat du haut du pont Notre Dame. Le maitre
d'hdtel, confondu, n'attendit pas qu' on le congediftt; il s'enfuit, et pour
eviter la vengeance de Madame de la Grenouillere, il s'embarqua en
qualite de cuisinier sur un navire marchand qui partait pour l'Oceanie.
English Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
1. Correct the following sentences; give your reason for correction in each case:—
(a.) It is best to truly say what one thinks.
(6.) I shall try and learn the lesson.
(c.) This dress is equally as pretty.
(d.) Each of the boys had gone quietly to their own homes.
2. What do you understand by the terms coherence and transition as applied to jthe
paragraph? F 142 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
9 3. Combine into longer sentences the thoughts that are closely related in the following :—
A piece of money was lying in the road. A young man picked it up. He hoped
to find another. He kept his eyes fixed steadily on the ground. He did this
always afterwards in walking along the street. He did pick up a good
amount of gold and silver. This was in the course of a long life. He was
looking for money all the time. The heavens were bright above him. Nature
was beautiful around him. He did not see them. He never looked up from
the mud and filth. He sought treasure in them. He died a rich old man.
He knew this fair earth, even up to his death, only as a dirty road. He
thought it was to pick up money from.
75       4. Write an essay on one of the following subjects :—
(a.) My Favourite Hobby.
(6.) The Combat between Sohrab and Rustum.
(c.) Ernest (The Great Stone Face).
Algebra.    (Time, 2 hours).
13        1. Solve:—
(1.)  -3x+-7x=l.
3a;-1     2a:-7    „     Ux-67
(2.
5 3 15
'x + y      x - y
(3.)
5 3
x
$ = y +2-
v.
15 2.  Give the factors of :—
(a.) x3 + xy - x1 — y.
(b.) a2 + 25c - b2 - c2
(c.)  ,*6-272/3.
(d.) p2q2 + s2r2 — p2r2 - q
(e.)  »j4 + 42/4.
14 3.  (a.) Express, in factors, the square root of :—
(2a;2 + xy - 3y2)(2x2 " 5™J + 3y2)(ix2 - 9y2).
(b.) Express, in factors, the L.C.M. of 2x2 + xy - 3y2; 2x2 - 5xy + 3y2; ix2 - 9y2.
12 4.  Find the value of :—
y x 1
+
f_4_i^     i |        fy
y x x - 16y
12        5. Find the H.C.F. of 2x3+ ix2 - 7x- 14 and 6a-'3- l(te2- 21a; + 35.
12        6. Find the square root of 9ice - 12x5+10a;* - 28a:3+17x2 - 8x+16.
10        7. The area of a certain square field is k square rods.    What is the area of a second'
field 10 rods longer and 10 rods narrower than the square field?
12        8. (a.) By what quantity does x + 42 exceed 2a; - 7 1
(b.) If m bushels of wheat cost d dollars, what will n bushels cost ?
(c.) How long will it take x men to pick y boxes of strawberries if each man can
pick z boxes per day 1
(d.) The sum of  two numbers  is k, and their difference is  7.    What are the
numbers ? 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 143
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.]
1. Give two examples of each of the following and describe the special structures in each case,
showing how these structures are useful:—
(«.) Wind-pollinated flowers.
(6.)  Insect-pollinated flowers.
(c.)  Flowers which insure cross-pollination.
(d.)  Fruits carried by the wind.
(e.)  Seeds carried by the wind.
(/.)  Bulbs.
(g.) Tubers.
2. Make a diagrammatic drawing in longitudinal section of the flower of a plant belonging to
each of the following families :   (a) Ranunculaceae;   (Z;) Rosacea?;   (c) Compositae.    Label
the parts and describe briefly.
3. Describe simple experiments to illustrate osmosis and transpiration.
4. Name at least four plants belonging either to bogs or to dry hillsides.    How are these plants
related to their habitat?
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
Value.
15        1. If two triangles have two angles of the one equal two angles of the other, each to
each, and any side of the first equal to the corresponding side of the other, the
triangles are equal in all respects.
14 2. Prove that parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels are
equal in area.
14 3. Bisect a parallelogram by a straight line drawn through a given point outside the
parallelogram.    State your construction and give a theoretical proof.
15 4. If the square described on one side of a triangle is equal to the sum of the squares
described on the other two sides, then the angle contained by these two sides is
a right angle.
12        5- What do you understand by the term "Locus"?
What are the following Loci?—
(a.)  The Locus of a point which moves so that it is always equidistant from two
fixed points.
(b.) The Locus of a point which moves so that its distance from a fixed point is
constant.
(c.) The Locus of a point which moves so that its distance from a given straight
line is constant.
(d.) The Locus of a point which moves so that it is always equidistant from two
given intersecting straight lines.
(e.)  The Locus of vertices of triangles on the same base and having a constant
area.
15 6. If the middle points of adjacent sides of any quadrilateral are joined, the figure thus
formed is a parallelogram.
15 7. ABC is a given triangle and X a given point outside the triangle. Draw a triangle
equal in area to ABC having its vertex at X, and its base in the same straight
line as BC.    State your construction and give a theoretical proof. F 144 Public Schools Report. 192E
Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
14       1. Describe clearly one method for the preparation of nitrogen.    Tell what you know of
its properties and uses.
14       2. Give an experiment to show the proportions by weight in which hydrogen and oxygen
combine to form water.
14 3. State the law of multiple proportions.    Give examples and show clearly how the
examples illustrate the law.
15 4. Write equations representing the chemical action when the following substances are
heated in air or in oxygen:—
(a.)  Iron.
(6.)  Zinc.
(a)  Tin.
(d.) Mercury.
(e.)  Phosphorus.
14       5. Describe   one  method  for  the  preparation   of  hydrogen   chloride.    What   are   the
properties of this substance?
14 6. Compare the properties of carbon dioxide with those of carbon monoxide.
15 7. What   do  you   understand   by   the   following   terms:     Methane   series,   allotropes,
saturated solution, metals, chemical elements?
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
16 1. State Pascal's Law. Sketch and describe any appliance in which direct use is made
of this principle.
20       2.  (a.) Describe two methods of finding the density of a liquid.
(b.) A specific-gravity bottle, filled with water, weighed 39.74 grams. Some iron
nails weighing 8.5 grams were introduced, and the bottle filled with water.
The bottle and contents now weighed 47.12 grams. Find the density of the
iron.
18 3. Explain the action of the force-pump. How high can sulphuric acid be raised by a
common lift-pump when the mercury barometer stands at 27 inches, the specific
gravity of sulphuric acid being 1.8 and that of mercury 13.6?
18       4. How would you determine the temperature of the maximum density of water?
10 5. Explain each of the following terms: Dew-point, relative humidity, specific heat,
coefficient of linear expansion,  fundamental unit.
18        6.  (a.)  Explain the expression heat of fusion of ice.
(6.) A mass of iron weighing 5,000 grams is taken from a furnace and placed on a
block of ice at 0° C. It is found that 5,650 grams of ice are melted. What
was the temperature of the furnace?    (The specific heat of iron is .113.)
18       7- What is heat of vaporization?   Tell how it is found in the case of water.
[Answer either 6 or 7.] 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 145
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.   Answer six only.]
1. Give briefly the chief requisites of a fertile soil under the following headings:—
'(a.) Physical properties.
(b.) Chemical properties,
(c.) Biological properties.
2. (a.) Name three forms of soil water and briefly describe each.
(&.) How might need of drainage be indicated?
(o.) What are the chief values of drainage?
3. (a.) You have just purchased a sod field or lot in which you hope to have a good garden next
summer.    Outline your procedure by months in regard to preparation for planting
May 1st, 1924.
(6.) Name the crops and the special variety of each that you purpose growing.    Where
possible give reasons for choosing those crops and special varieties.
4. (a.) Describe how you would get new plants for setting out from mature plants of any three
of the following:   Strawberries, currants, raspberries, loganberries.
(6.) Name two varieties of each of the first three above-mentioned fruits.
5. (a.) Name and give the life-history of three insect pests commonly found in the gardens of
your district.
(&.)  Give in detail a method of destroying or controlling each of these pests.
6. Give full instructions for the selection and growing of potatoes under the following heads:—
(a.) Choice of soil, and its preparation for an early crop.
(&.)  Variety to choose and how to prepare the seed,
(c.)  Planting.
(d.)  Subsequent care and cultivation.
7. You are given a broody hen and a setting of eggs.    Outline, in detail, your procedure until
the chicks are a week old.
8. Write the life-history of a honey-bee as if told by itself.   Make the story interesting as well
as instructive.
University Matriculation, Junior.
History.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Four questions to be answered.]
Value.
25       1- Write a brief account of the chief contributions Egypt has made to world civilization.
25       2. Sketch the character and achievements of Pericles.
3. Discuss the influence upon medieval civilization of:—
15 (»•)  The Roman Empire after the triumph of Christianity.
10 (&•) The Barbarians.
25       4. In what respects did the Protestant Reformation in Germany differ from that in
England?
25        5- Compare Oliver Cromwell and Louis XIV. as rulers of their respective countries.
10 F 140 Public Schools Report. 1923
English Literature.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates will write on Part A and either Part B or Part C]
Part A.
Value. •
16       1. Explain, as fully as you can in a page or a page and a half, what is meant by the
term " Romantic Revival."
Discuss Shelley's claim to be called a " poet of the Romantic Revival."
20       2. Quote, from Tennyson, about 15 consecutive lines that you consider good.
Show the metre of these lines.
Tell, as fully and precisely as you can, your reasons for pronouncing them good.
Point out, in these lines, some qualities that are characteristic of Tennyson's style
and subject-matter.
14 3. Write on two of the following topics :—
(a.) The education of AVordsworth's Lucy.
(6.)  The medieval atmosphere of The Eve of St. Agnes.
(c.)  The mixture of good and evil in Andrea del Sarto.
Part B.
15 1- Discuss Shy lock from three points of view:—
(a.) As a comic character.
(b.) As the "villain" of the play.
(c.)  As a character who claims our sympathy.
15 2. What character is referred to in each of the following excerpts? Do you think that
the characterizations are just and correct?    Support your answer with evidence.
(a.)  " speaks an infinite deal of nothing, more than any man in Venice."
(&.)  " The patch is kind enough, but    .    .    .    snail-slow in profit.."
(c.) "The dearest friend to me, the kindest man,
The best-condition'd and unweari'd spirit
In doing courtesies."
20 3. Under what circumstances was the following speech uttered? Show its fitness to
the character who uttered it. Explain, or comment on, the words and phrases
italicized.
You see me, Lord Bassanio, where I stand,
Such as I am:  though for myself alone
I would not be ambitious in my wish,
To wish myself much better;   yet, for you
I would be trebled twenty times myself;
A thousand times more fair, ten thousand times more rich;
That only to stand high in your account,
I might in virtues, beauties, livings, friends,
Exceed account:  but the full sum of me
Is sum of—something, which, to term in gross.
Is an unlesson'd girl, unschool'd, unpractis'd:
Happy in this, she is not yet so old
But she may learn;   happier than this,
She is not bred so dull hut she can learn;
Happiest of all is, that her gentle spirit
Commits itself to yours to be directed,
As from her lord, her governor, her king.
Myself, and what is mine, to you and yours
..'.'■ is now converted:  but now I was the lord 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 147
Value.
Of this fair mansion, master of my servants,
Queen o'er myself;  and even now, but now,
This house, these servants, and this same myself
Are yours, my lord.
Part C.
15 1- Set forth at least three views of warfare and fighting that may be gathered from
a reading of Henry V.
15        2. What character is referred to in each of the following excerpts?    Do you think that
the characterizations are just and correct?    Support your answer with evidence.
(a.)  "A good old commander, and a most kind gentleman."
(6.) "I did never know so full a voice with so empty a heart."
(c.) "valiant,
And, touched with choler, hot as gunpowder,
And quickly will return an injury."
20 3. Under what circumstances was the following speech uttered? Show its fitness to
the character who uttered it. Explain, or comment on, the words and phrases
italicized.
O ! be sick, great greatness,
And bid thy ceremony give thee cure.
Think'st thou, the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation?
Will it give place to flexure and low bending?
Canst thou, when thou command'st the beggar's knee,
Command the health of it?    No, thou proud dream,
That play'st so subtly with a king's repose:
I am a king, that find thee;  and I know,
'Tis not the balm, the sceptre, and the ball,
The sword, the mace, the crown imperial,
The inter-tissued robe of gold and pearl,
The farced title running 'fore the king,
The throne he sits on, nor the tide of pomp
That beats upon the high shore of this world;
No, not all these, thrice gorgeous ceremony,
Not all these, laid in bed majestical,
Can sleep so soundly as the wretched slave,
Who, with a body filled, and vacant mind,
Gets him to rest, cramm'd with distressful bread.
Agriculture.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[AU questions are of equal value.   Answer six only.]
1. Why do we use different kinds of spraying material in our orchards?   Discuss fully.
2  Give directions for the preparation of the soil and for the planting of four different kinds
of garden crops.
3. What are the most important points to be remembered in the planting of trees and shrubs?
Give reasons for your statement.
4. Suggest conditions under which commercial fertilizers (artificial)  might be used to greater
advantage than stable manure. F 148 Public Schools Report. 1923
5. Describe the different stages in seed production and seed selection of any one of our common
farm crops.
6. Compare the advantages and the disadvantages of natural  and of artificial  incubation of
chickens.
7. Discuss briefly feeding, care and management of the dairy herd.
8. Describe the most approved method of hand-milking and subsequent treatment of the milk
from the standpoint of its keeping qualities.
French Translation.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates should revise carefully; serious loss of marks is entailed
by neglecting to correct obvious errors.]
Value.
40        1- Translate into good English :—
Que cette riviere est done flaneuse! Combien (de temps) faudrait-il a cette
feuille, qui vient de tomber dans le courant, pour franchir Ies quelques
kilometres qui separent Loches de Courgay? La, elle ne pourrait se decider
a poursuivre sa route et irait s'echouer dans quelque crique. Nous serions
tento de 1'imiter, tant la vallee est pittoresque. Les existences Ies plus
calmes ont, dit-on, un moment de folie et de romanesque. La vallee de
Courgay est la minute romanesque de cette paisihle rivifre. Promptement
elle se ressaisit, redevient sage et reprend sa discrete simplicity. C'est &
peine si elle se laisse remarquer quand elle arrive a Cormery.
N.B.—flaneuse: Flaiier means to loiter, to stroll,   ressaisir means to regain control.
s'6chouer means to go aground, to stop.
30        2. Translate into French :—
On the first of June, in bright sunshine, we arrived at Boulogne. At noon we
assembled for lunch. In the evening John saw that nothing was lacking
and I slept well. Next day we did not go to the opera because the seats
were too dear. As we had no time to lose we went to see the Grands
Boulevards in the very heart of Paris. There we saw a house on fire and
firemen leaning ladders against the walls and climbing the rungs without
troubling about the flames that swept all before them, I awoke at half-past
eight next morning and set off for Versailles. We visited the favourite
residence of the unfortunate queen Marie Antoinette. Later I went to the
Jardin des Plantes and admired the great cedar tree. When Jussieu died
he did not think that the tree would live: it was to survive however many
successive generations and it will live a long time yet while we die around
it. A week later we visited the Eiffel Tower. From the top of this tower
we saw people walking and they looked like little ants. That evening the
dinner was very gay because Jean had passed his examination and carried
off a prize.
30        3-  («■)  Give in French a conversation in a Restaurant—not more than twelve lines.
(&.)  Write in French questions to which the following are answers:—
(1.) Non, M. Durand n'est pas chez lui.
(2.) Je crois qu'elle est dans la charmille.
(3.) Une epicerie vient apr6s le magasin de modes.
(4.) Oui, elle fond au printemps.
(5.) Je l'ai laissee chez moi. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 149
French Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
10        1. Reply in French in one or two complete sentences to each of the following questions :—
(o.) Qu'est ce qu'on mangeait a huit heures, a midi et a quatre heures chez
M. Dubois?
(6.)  Pourquoi Henri ne comprenait-il pas le francais des marchandes des Halles?
(c.)  Pourquoi Ies Francais aiment-ils Ies Boulevards?
(d.) Qu'est-il arrive a l'incendie?
(e.) Qu'y a-t-il a voir a Versailles?
20       2. Describe in French " une soiree au theatre frangais."
Or
Write in French to a friend to describe a walk in Paris.
Do not attempt both of the above.    Use the past definite tense where it is possible
to do so.
10       3. Use the adjectives of column B with the nouns of column A, and put un or une
before each:—
A. B.
famille, parisien,
foule, bruyant,
pre, vert,
phoque, vilain,
femme, vieux,
exercice, vieux,
lionne, beau,
semaine, dernier,
rue, long,
ingratitude. noir.
10       4. Put into French:—
I asked my father for money.
As we approached Paris the country changed.
You must realize their beauty.
Will he not remember it?    (se souvenir).
He has just arrived.
30       5- Give the present indicative, future, and present subjunctive of:   voir, dire, essayer,
savoir, pouvoir, faire, vouloir, devenir, alter, punir.
10       6. Substitute personal pronouns for the words printed in italics:—
On a donne la lettre a ma soenr.
II m'a rendu 1'argent.
Rendez-moi mon enfant.       »
Apportez des flours a cette femme.
Attendez vos amis a la gare.
10       7. Put into French :—
I am fond of flowers. Give me two or three. This man gave me this flower.
That man gave me your book. My book is better than the other. I must see
you to-morrow. , F 150 Public Scpiools Report. 1923
Geometry.    (Time, 2% hours.)
[N.B.—Draw neat diagrams, use printed capitals, and give authorities.]
Value.
14        1. Prove that the bisectors of the angles of a triangle are concurrent.
14 2. Prove that the area of a triangle is half the area of a rectangle on the same base
and having the same altitude.
14 3. Construct a triangle ABC having its vertical angle B equal to a given angle X,
the angle at A equal to a given angle Y, and the perpendicular from the vertex
to the base 1% inches in length.
14 4. Prove that the angles made by a tangent to a circle with a chord drawn from the
point of contact are respectively equal to the angles in the alternate segments
of the circle.
14 5. Two given circles have external contact at A, and a direct common tangent is drawn
to touch them at P and Q.    Show that PQ subtends a right angle at A.
15 6. Prove that if two chords of a circle cut at a point within it, the rectangles contained
by their segments are equal.
15 7. P, Q, R are the middle points of the sides of a triangle, and X is the foot of the
perpendicular let fall from one vertex on the opposite side. Show that the four
points, P, Q, R, X are concyclic.
Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.]
1. What are the chief characteristic properties of (a)  acids,  (6) bases,  (c)  salts?  .Compose a
definition in your own words for each of these three classes of substances.
2. Explain clearly what is meant by the following terms:  Allotropes, molar weight, deliquescent,
endothermic reaction.
3. Write an account of the physical and chemical properties and uses of (a)  sulphur dioxide,
(6) nitric acid.
4. Give one method of preparation for each of the following substances, writing the equation
for the chemical reactions involved:  Hydrogen peroxide, nitrous oxide, ammonia, sodium
carbonate.
5. Write a short account of any one contribution made to the Science of Chemistry by (1) Sir
William Ramsay, (2) Dalton.
6. A gas-stove burns 10 cubic feet of gas each hour.    Supposing the gas is pure methane, what
volume of oxygen is withdrawn each hour from the air?   What volume of carbon dioxide
is given off?
7  What weight of oxygen can be obtained from 100 gnams of potassium chlorate?    What volume
will this occupy when dry at 745 mm. pressure and at 17° C?
Atomic weights :   K = 39, Cl = 35.5, O = 16. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 151
Algebra.    (Time, 2^ hours.)
6a; -11--
il -X
3x
■  Simplify                        -
xl - 25
2+— + :_
x      ar
Value.
10
10        2. Solve *_._ _ x—- =56.
■05      -°625
10 3. The denominator of a fraction exceeds the numerator by 4; and if 5 he taken
from each, the sum of the reciprocal of the new fraction and 4 times the
original fraction is 5.    Find the original fraction.
10        4. Solve:—
(a.)  22a;2 = 3ax + 7a2.
(b.) 5a:2 = 17*-10.
10        5. Solve 7xy - 8a;2 = 10 ; 8y2 - 9xy = 18.
10 6. Around a rectangular flower-bed, which is  3  yards by 4 yards, there extends a
border of  turf which  is  everywhere  of   equal   breadth   and   wh    e area   is
10 times the area of the bed.    How wide is it?
10 7. Factor:—
(a.) 2ax2 - 2bx2 - 6aa; + 6&a; - 8a + 86.
(6.) a2 + 62-c2-9-2a6 + 6c.
(a)  a&(ai2 + l) + a:(a2 + &2).
10 8.  Simplify:—
" ^8-1   ,    Jx^
(n  \ i
rT1)
/3L%   J3+ &      7 + 4 a/3
(b.)
2 - J3    '   J3- J2
,n        a   a i      GJx-7    ,     7 */* - 26
10        9. Solve —— 5 = j-n .
rjx-l 7r7a:-21
10 10.  (a.) What do you  know about the graph  of the following equations: y=5x,
y = 5x- 4, and y = 5x + 61
(b). Solve graphically 2x + y = 0; y=^(x + 5). F 152 Public Schools Report. 1923
English Composition.- (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates are reminded that they, are expected to spell and to punctuate correctly. They are
therefore urged to leave some few minutes free for a revision of their papers. They are
also reminded that they cannot expect marks for paragraphs and essays that are not well
organized and well worked out. They are therefore urged to plan their compositions before
they begin to write. The plan of the essay in question 3 should be written in the examination
book as part of their answer.]
Value.
16        1. Point out what is faulty in the following sentences, and rewrite them in correct
form:—
(a.) His sister helped him very much in his work, this was due to her great
learning.
(6.) Like his father, John's temper frequently got beyond his control,
(c.) After he became well enough to talk with her, and finding no reason to
restrain herself, she told him that she loved him.
(d.) He wore glasses, and even if he was not a well-made man, he was very
intelligent.
34       2. Write one fully developed paragraph on a topic chosen from each of the groups (a)
and (6) :—
(a.) Dame van Winkle's view of her husband.   The virtues of Varney.
(6.)  Camelot as seen by Gareth and his men.    Life in Arden.
50       3. Write a short essay (do not exceed three pages) on one of the following subjects:—
My Idea of Patriotism.
Nelson as a Leader of Men.
The Part Played by Gold in Silas Marner.
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[AM. questions are of equal value.   Answer six only.]
1. (a.)  Distinguish between density and specific gravity.
(6.) A platinum ball weighs 330 grams in air, 315 grams in water, and 303 grams in sulphuric
acid. Find the volume of the ball and the specific gravity of the platinum and of
the acid.
2. (a.) Describe transverse and longitudinal wave motions, naming and defining the parts of
each type of wave.   Give examples of each type.
(6.) A musical note has a frequency of 300 vibrations per second. Calculate the wave-length
when the velocity of sound in air is 1,100 feet per second. Find also the wave-length
of a note two octaves above this.
3. (a.) Describe briefly three modes of transference of heat.   Give one example in each case.
(6.) 10 grams of ice at —10° C. are put into 100 grams of water at SO" C.    Calculate the
resulting temperature.    (Specific heat of ice .5.)
4. (a.)  State Charles' Law.
(6.) If the volume of a given mass of gas is 120 c.c. at N.T.P., what will be its volume
at —13° C. and 640 mm. pressure?
5. (a.)  State the laws of refraction of light, giving in two ways the meaning of the term " index
of refraction."
(6.) Construct a diagram to determine the position of the image of an object which is placed
farther from a concave mirror than the centre of curvature. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 153
6. (a.) What is the evidence that there are two kinds of electrification?
(6.)  What experimental facts lead us to suppose that each molecule of iron may be a magnet?
7. (a.) Make a diagram of the essential parts and electrical connections of an induction coil
and explain how it works.
(6.)  What is meant by polarization of a voltaic cell?   Why should it be avoided?    How is it
prevented in two different types of cell?
Botany.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[All questions are of equal value.   Answer five only.   Ansivers should be illustrated
with diagrams.]
1. (a.)  Describe vegetative reproduction by roots and by leaves, giving examples.
(6.)  Describe, with diagrams, the structure of a monocotyledon seed and of a dicotyledon
seed.    What is the use of each part?
2. Give an account of the structure and life-history of:—
(a.)  An alga or a fungus.
(&.) A moss or a fern.
3. Describe the leaves, cones, and general habit of two conifers of British Columbia.
4. Make drawings to illustrate the structure of a grass flower (or another Graniineaa) and of
the flowers of the willow (or another Salicaeese).
5. Show how the leaves of plants are related to the conditions under which a plant lives and
how they vary with change of conditions.    Give examples and illustrate structures by
the use of diagrams.
6. Write an account of the manufacture of food by plants under the headings:  the raw materials,
the energy used, how manufactured, the products.
German Grammar.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
8        1. Rewrite the following sentence in all persons and genders, making the adjective
and pronoun agree with the subject:—
3d) nefjme metnen tSpunb tnit mir.
8 2.  Insert suitable prepositions and articles or possessive adjectives :—
(St fommt 3"nmer-
(§r ftetlte ben ©tiiljl £ur unb — ijenfter.
gr i§t 2Bod)e liter.
3d) farm geber nidjt fdireiuen.
3d) ftelje SJS.ult.
(Ir roofint OttM.
@r arbeitet Setter.
(§3 regnete 3lai)t.
12 3.  Put into German :—
(1.) The younger brother is as tall as the older one.
(2.) Her book is better than mine.
(3.) The highest buildings are in the largest cities.
(4.) He likes to study, he prefers to read, but he likes best to play.
(5.) The most diligent pupils write best. F 154 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
20        4. (a.) Change the following infinitive to the correct forms of the present, imperfect,
and perfect:—
(1.) 3$ BleiBen in Jpaufe.
(2.) SD.it fpredien SDeutdj.
(3.) <§r jjatten ba§ 33ud).
(4.) (5r Beantroorten bie grage.
(5.) (Sr anfommen ©onntag.
(b.) Write (1) and (5) in the future,
(c.) Give the imperative (3 forms) of: fid) fetjen; ben Sott roerfen.
20 5. Complete the following sentences by inserting appropriate articles or possessive
adjectives, giving correct endings to the adjectives and making the verbs
agree—the verb of the first sentence to be present tense; second, imperfect;
third, perfect; fourth, pluperfect; fifth future. Then rewrite the sentences
in the plural throughout:—
(1.) — fdjStt — Saben (ftetjen) an — red)t — Seite — Brett — ©traffe.
(2.) SDte§ — ftattttd) — ©eBaube mit — rot — SDad) (getjiJren) metn — gut —
Xante.
(3.) — gro§ — SBagen (fahren) in — Witte — ger>f(after§ — galjrroegeg.
(4.) — jung — ©djitterin (fdjretfien) — tang — ©afe an — |d)roarj — Stafel.
(5.) — Elettt — SKabdjen (fi^en) auf — griin — , tjotgern — 33anf in =—fdjb'n
— ©atten.
32 6.  Put into German :—
(1.) I know him well and I know that he must go home.
(2.) He saw that Mr. Braun's new house was burning.
(3.) The letter, which you wrote me last week, has just arrived.
(4.) The lady, to whom I sent the flowers, is a friend of mine.
(5.) He was born on the 27th June, 1759, in the little town of Marbach in
Germany.
(6.) There was a large table in the room with many books on it.
(7.) My pencil is longer than hers, but yours is the longest.
(8.)  What he liked best in Germany was the arrangement of the trains.
German Translation and Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Candidates may choose either question 1 or question 2.]
1.  Translate :—
40 (a.) @o ftieg er benn jur @rbe empor, burd)ftreifte auf fetnem ©eBiete SfBatb unb
3lu unb lugte nadj Sftenfctjen au§. @§ bauerte nidjt lauge, fo fal) er
bret ntuntre Surfdjen be§ 23ege§ bafierjtefjen. ^anbroerfSgefeEen
roaren e§, bie auf ber SBanberfdjaft Begrtffen roaren. 33a§ SRSnjet auf
bent iMcfen, etnen berBen ©tod in ber .Jpanb unb etnen gritnen Strang
am Jpute, fo jogen fie roacfer fiirBafj unb fangen mtt Ijetten JMjten in
bie gruBttngStuft t)htau§.
(b.) S3alb Braufte benn and) ein geroatttger SBinb oor ber SBolfe tjer, unb bann
praffetten in unenbtid)er SJcenge bide igageHorner Ijernteber. 3ebod)
and) bie§ fd)ten bem fittjnen §ergog nocB fein JP)inberni§, unb ntutig
fe^te er fetne %al)xt fort, oBrooljt bie SWatjnen ber Dxoffe xm ©turme
^ocE) aufftatterten unb fie SJciifje fatten, norroctrtg ju fomnten. @r
trieB bie £iere tmmer mefir unb ntetjr an; nur uodj etne tut$t ©tredte,
unb ba§ 2Bagnt§ roar getungen. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F li;
Value.
(c.) gaunt twtte fie aBer eine ©trecfe guritdgetegt, fo ftng biefetBe @efd)id)te
roteber an, fo bafj ttir bie ©djroere beg gorBeg faft ben 2ltem Benatmt.
SDa fie fid) aBer nidjt lange mel)r aufBalten burfte, i'tBerroanb fie fid),
Big fie enblid) tjalbtot nor 9JJitbigfeit in itjrem ^aufe anfam. SDort
fd)iittete fie ben SEragforb auf bent ©otter aug, eiuen £eil ber SStiitter
aBer gaB fie ttjren Beiben 3ie9en tm ©talk.
(d.) 9tu6ega()l gog nun einen ©ctjitffel au§ ber Safdje, offnete bag Sor unb
fdjritt £)inetn. ©eBIenbet ftlilug 23eit bie Slugen nieber; benn oon ben
SBauben, oom S3oben unb ber SDecfe, iron alien ©eiten Bliftte unb
funfelte bag reinfte ©otb. 3m <£»intergrunbe aber ftanb eine fdjroere,
eiferne $ifre. 9JJit einem htnftoott gearBeiteten golbnen ©cfjtiiffet
offnete Dtubegatjt biefetBe unb fpradj gu SSeit: ,, .Spier ift ©elb, fooiet
bu nur IjaBen roillft".
2. Translate :—
40 (a.) JJcntter unb £od)ter arBeiteten ben gangen 9?adjmittag im ©arten.    2tlg ber
2lBenb tarn, gingen fie ing $au% guriid. 3e&t Botte bie Gutter roieber
einen teller uott ©uppe. ©ertrub foftete bie ©uppe unb fpradj:
,,®ag ift eine anbere ©uppe, bie fd)medt Beffer atg bie oon fjettte
nttttag". Unb fie a% ben gangen Setter teer. 3)te SOcutter aBer Iad)ette
unb fprad): ,,£)ag ift feine anbere ©nppe, bag ift bie ©uppe oon B,eute
mittag. ©ie fdjmecft bit te|t Beffer, roeit bu tjungrig btft. ^eute
ntittag Bjatteft bu feinen hunger, mem Stub".
(b.) 3^ nieifj nidjt, roag fott eg Bebeuten,
iba% id) fo traurig bin;
Sin 9Jtard)en aug atten 3e'ten,
®ag fommt mir nidjt aug bent ©inn.
SDtc'Suft ift lilljl unb eg bunfelt,
Unb rutjig ftieftf ber Orcein;
£)er ©tpfet be§ SergeS funfett
3m IBenbfonnenfdjein.
(c.) ®er Stattenfdnger jog nun ein ^feifdjen aug ber £afd)e unb pfiff.    SDa
famen bie Dtatten unb 9Muje aug atten ^ciufern fyeroorgetrodjen unb
fammelten fid) urn itm I)erum.    9?un fcBritt er bie ©trajje IjinaB, unb
ber gange .£mufe folgte if)m.    @o fiitjrte er fie Big gum glufe IjinaB.
©ort trat er in bag SBaffer, roorauf t&nt atte £tere folgten unb im
SBaffer ertranfen.
5Da bie 23itrger it)tn jetst nur einen £eil beg oerfprodjenen Sotjneg geben
mottten, ging er gornig meg.
(d.) 2Bie bie Sereinigten ©taaten oon Stmerifa, fo ift aud) bag SDeutfcfje 9<teidj ein
93unbegftaat unb roirb auf ©runb ber DteicBgoerfaffung oerroattet.
3eber ber 26 (Stngelftaaten Ijat aBer gugteid) feine eigene ©taatguer;
faffung, unb nur >Jragen, bie bag gauge Sreidj Betreffen roerben oon
ber Sunbegregierung, b. B. non bem Sunbegrat unb bent :Reid)gtag
entfd)ieben.
®er 33unbegrat Befte6,t au§  58  SJcitgltebern,  SJertretern  ber  eingetnen
©taaten, bie oon ben ©taaten ernannt unb nad) ber ^auptftabt Sertin
gefanbt roerben.
3. Translate (at sight) :—
10 3n atten geitert roar bie 2Bett oiet fdjoner atg in unferen £agen.    S)a roar fie oott
uon SfBefen bie jetjtnur in ber gaBetroett eriftieren. @in roidjtigeg 936tfd)en
unter biefen 9caturgeiftern roaren bie etfen, roooon eg Sictjtetfen unb ©djroarg;
etfen gaB. S3efonber§ bie Sidjtetfen rourben ben 9JJenfd)en oft gefatirtidj.
©ie roaren fel)r tuftig unb liebteu ©efang, ©ptet unb nadjttidje Sdttge im
9Jconbenfd)ein. ©ie faljen aug roie 93cenfdjen aBer fie fatten feine ©eete.
(Sine menfdjlidje ©eete gu Befommen roar it)r grojjter rounfct). Value.
4. Put into German :—
15 Karl : Good morning Wilhelm.    I'm glad to see you at school again.    How-
are you to-day ?
Wilhelm :     I'm better, thank you, but not yet quite well.
Karl :    I'm sorry.    I hope you will soon be well.
Wilhelm : Thank you very much. Will you please show me what we have
to-day in our German lesson 1
5. Put into German :—
15 Once there was a lazy boy who did not like to go to school.    But he had to
go, because his father wished it. He could never do his lessons well in
class, because he would not study at home, and so he often had to stay
in and work when the others played.
20        6. Write in German a composition of about 20 lines on ®ie 3nfyreggeiten or SDeutfd);
tanb.
Greek.    (Time, 2 hours.)
8 1.  Decline in agreement evSalpotv o-rpariwtjjs ; oiItos 6 dvijp.
6 2. Decline in all genders dkrjOrjs, oSe.
8 3.   Decline in full vv^, ptJTOip, OdXarra, iyu>.
14 4. Write the aorist indicative passive of Xvu>; the imperfect indicative of et/uj the
aorist optative active of dprrd^at; the perfect indicative passive of AeiVw;
the present indicative passive of Tipda; the imperfect indicative active of
e'x<o ; the aorist subjunctive passive of o-u^w.
16 5.  Give  the  principal  parts  of  ypd<jxi>, kOjTtco,  rdrrui, <f}iXe<i>, aKovoi, tpevyw,  kap.j3dvo>,
OOKeto).
20        Translate into Greek :—
(a.) Let us not march into the territory of the enemy.
(b.)  This man was afraid that you would attempt to injure us.
(o.)   After this we proceeded ten parasangs through the plain.
(d.) This we did that the Greeks might not withdraw.
(e.)   If he does not do this, he will do wrong.
18 7. Translate into English :—
(a.)  eSeiae jn-q ol e^Opol Tip/qOeiev.
(6.)   Kai eKeXeve KXeap^ov tov Se/^wv Kep<a<s -qyeiadai.
(c.)   pr)  8iSao-K£ rov 7rouSa dSiKeiv.
(d.)  ei Solute rots ire^ois eiria-ni^ecrOai, ti dv woirjcraiTe;
(e.)   Xeyovcri Se Tives on Kvpos rjtrdn.
(./•) Vv ^ tows dXXovs o-TiOaTKuras irapaKaXrjTe, ireipdcrovrai irdvres dya6ol eivai.
10 8. Translate into English :—
o Se olvos Ik rrj<s paXdvov ejreTroLrjTO ttjs dirb tov c/jo/mkos, Kal 6 o"tros peXivns rjy
TavTns yap rjv r) X°Va lrX^jpr)';• dptfj-iXeyovvi Se tl kvravOa ol Te tov Mevcoyos
CTTpaTLutTaL Kai, oi KAeapyoir /cat 6 KXeap^os Kp'ivei dSiKeiv tov tov Mevwivos
nai 7raiet. o Se xaura rots <f>iXoi<j eXeyev. oi Se wTpaTiunai eirel ijKOVo-av
exaXe7raivov Kal liypyl^ovTO lo-^rvpojs tw KAeap^co. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 157
Latin Grammar and Composition.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
11        1. Write the genitive plural of ductus, ignis, dies, vis, iter;   the ablative singular of
mare, uterque, lex; the dative singular of res, unus, quidam.
4       2. Decline together   alius ager, breve tempus.
3 3. Compare facilis, m.agnus, bene.
8       4. Write the principal parts of progredior, parco, vmco, cognosco, reperio, consisto,
suadeo, conflow.
10        5. Write the second singular and the third plural of the following tenses:—
(a.) Present indicative of male, flo.
(6.) Imperfect subjunctive of morior, venio.
(c.)  Future perfect indicative active of video, reddo.
(d.) Future indicative of sum, eo.
(c.) Present subjunctive passive of audio, deleo.
4 6. Write the perfect infinitive active and present infinitive passive of fero, vinco.
60        7. Translate into Latin :—
(a.) Do not promise to help the enemies of your fatherland.
(6.)  I was unwilling to think that you would betray me.
(c.)  Caesar sent scouts on ahead to find out the character of the island.
(d.) We all know why you did not send help to us.
(e.)  We hope to go to Italy in the summer.
(/.)  The Aedui were afraid that Caesar would destroy their towns.
(g.)  Caesar urged the Britons to send as many hostages as possible.
(h.)  At daybreak we learned that the enemy were beginning to cross the river.
(i.)  So great a storm arose that the ships were unable to hold their course.
(j.) He seems to have been unwilling to become king.
Latin Atjthobs and Sight Translation.     (Time, 2% hours.)
A. Caesar, De Bello Gallico, Books IV. and V.
16        L Translate:—
His constitutis rebus, nactus idoneam ad navigandum tempestatem, tertia fere
vigilia solvit equitesque in ulteriorem portum progredi et naves conscendere
et se sequi jussit. A quibus cum id paulo tardins esset administratum, ipse
hora diei circiter quarta cum primis navibus Britanniam attigit atque ibi in
omnibus collibus expositas hostium copias armatas conspexit. Cujus loci
haec erat natura, atque ita montibus anguste mare continebatur, uti ex locis
superioribus in litus telum adigi posset. Hunc ad egrediendum nequaquam
idoneum locum arbitratus, dum reliquae naves eo convenirent, ad horam
nonam in ancoris exspectavit.
(a.) Account for the case of rebus, vigilia; the mood of posset.
(6.)  equitesque   .    .    .    jussit; rewrite, using impero instead of jubeo.
13        2. Translate:—
His rebus gestis, Labieno in contineirte cum tribus legionibus et equitum milibus
duobus relicto, ut portus tueretui' et rem frumentariam provideret, quaeque
in Gallia gererentur eognosceret, consiliumque pro tempore et pro re caperet,
ipse cum  quinque legionibus  et pari numero equitum,  quern  in  contineuti F 158 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
reliquerat, ad solis  occasum naves solvit, et leni  Africo provectus,  media
circiter nocte vento intermisso, cursum non tenuit, et longius delatus aestu,
orta luce sub sinistra Britanniam relictam conspoxit.
(a.) Account for the case of aestu, luce; the mood of gererentur, cognosceret.
11 3. Translate:—
Interim Trinobantes, legatos ad Caesarem mittunt pollicenturque sese ei dedituros
atque imperata facturos; petunt, ut Mandubracium ab injuria Oasslvellauni
defendat, atque in civitatem mittat qui praesit imperiumque obtineat. His
Caesar imperat obsides quadragirita frumentumque exercitui, Mandubraci-
umque ad eos mittit. 111! imperata celeriter fecerunt, obsides ad numerum
frumentumque miserunt.
(«.)  Account for the case of his, exercitui; the mood of defendat, praesit.
B.  Virgil, Aeneid IL, Lines 1-505.
15 4. Translate:—
'o miseri, quae tanta insania, cives?
creditis avectos hostes?    aut ulla putatis
dona carere dolis Dauaum?    sic notus Ulixes?
aut hoc inclusi ligno occultantur Achivi,
aut haec in nostros fabricata est machina rnuros,
inspectura domos venturaque desuper urbi,
aut aliquis latet error;   equo ne credite, Teucri.
quidquid id est, timeo Danaos et dona ferentes.'
(a.) Account for the case of avectos, dolis.
(6.) inspectura, equo ne credite.   What would be the usual prose constructions?
16 5. Translate:—
ille nihil;  nee me quaerentem vana moratur ;
sed graviter gemitus imo de pectore ducens;
' heu fuge, nate dea, teque his' ait ' eripe flammis.
hostis habet muros;   ruit alto a culnilne Troja.
sat patriae Priamoque datum:  si Pergama dextra
defendi possent, etiam hac defensa fuissent.
sacra suosque tibi commendat Troja Penates;
hos cape fatorum comites, his moenia quaere,
magna pererrato statues quae denique ponto.'
(a.) Account for the case of vana, dea, hac, his; the mood of fuissent.
(&.)  Scan the last two lines.
12 6. Translate:—
Iliaci cineres et flamma extrema meorum,
testor, in occasu vestro nee tela nee ullas
vitavisse vices Danaum, et, si fata fuissent
ut caderem, meruisse manu.    divellimur inde,
protinus ad sedes Priami clamore vocati.
hie vero ingentem pugnam, ceu cetera nusquam
bella forent, nulli tota morerentur in urbe,
sic Martern indomitum Danaosque ad tecta ruentes
cernimus, obsessuinque acta testudine limen.
(a.) Account for the case of pugnam; the mood of fuissent, morerentur.
C.
20       7. Translate (at sight) :—
Flumen est Arar, quod per fines Aeduorum et Sequanorum in Rhodanum influit,
ineredibili lenitate, ita ut oculis in utram partem fluat judicari non possit.
Id Helvetii ratibus ac lintribus junctis  transibant.   TJbi per exploratores 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 159
Caesar certior factus est tres jam partes copiarum Helvetios id flumen
traduxisse, quartam fere partem citra flumen Ararim reliquam esse, de tertia
vigilia cum legionibus tribus e castris profectus ad earn partem pervenit, quae
nondum flumen transierat. Eos impeditos aggressus magnam partem eorum
concidit: reliqui sese fugae mandaruut atque in proximas silvas abdiderunt.
Batis = ia.tt;  linter = skiff.
University Matriculation, Senior.
English Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
20       1-   (a-)  Set forth the chief characteristics of the poem Beowulf.
(b.) Write notes on the following and show in what ways they are related to their
age: Wyatt and Surrey, Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, and John
Bunyan.
30 2. (a.) Quote, or reproduce to the best of your ability, the description of any tivo
figures ill The Prologue. By careful analysis, show the poetic qualities
of Chaucer illustrated therein.
(&.)  Write a brief note on the metre of the lines quoted or reproduced above.
30       3. " The detractors of The Faerie Qweene demand that it should interest them, while
its lovers are satisfied with being charmed and ennobled by it."
Discuss at some length the elements of this poem that contribute to its interest,
charm, and ennobling effect
20       4.  (a.)  To what extent does Comus illustrate the Puritan spirit in literature?
(6.) What feature of this mask appeals most strongly to you?
Physics.    (Time, 3 hours.)
1. A body of mass 100 pounds is acted upon for 10 seconds by an accelerating force
equal to the weight of 5 pounds.   Find:—
4 (a.) The velocity attained.
2 (6.) The acceleration.
2 (c.)  The distance travelled.
4 (d.) The power being exerted at the end of the 10 seconds, expressed in foot
pounds per second and in horse-power.
4 2.  (a.)  Find the weight of a cubic yard of rock of specific gravity 2.5.    (Make a guess
at an answer if you do not remember the necessary data.)
5 (6.)  Find the mechanical advantage of a jack-screw if the bar or handle is 3% feet
long and the pitch of the screw is % inch.
3 3.  (a.) How is a stationary wave formed?   Give examples of stationary waves.
3 (6.) What   is   the   principle   of   resonance?    Give   examples   in   sound,   light,   aod
electricity.
3 (c.) Show why it is considered necessary to use the equally tempered scale rather
than the natural or diatonic scale in such an instrument as the piano.
4 4.  (a.)  Given that the coefficient of linear expansion for 1 degree Centigrade in the case
of steel is .000013, find the expansion of a steel bridge span 200 feet long
when heated from 30 degrees below zero to 100 degrees above zero on the
Fahrenheit scale.    (Answer in inches.) F 160 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
5 (&■)  Given that the weight of a cubic metre of air at standard temperature and
pressure is 1.293 kg., find the. weight of a cubic centimetre of air at 20° C.
and 80 cm. pressure.
3 5. (a.) Define critical temperature and pressure, dew-point and mechanical equivalent
of heat.
3 (b.) Neglecting the water equivalent of the calorimeter, find the resulting tempera
ture when 5 grams of steam at 100° C. is passed into 200 grams of water
at 20" C.
3 (c.) Explain briefly the method of lowering temperature used in a liquid-air machine
or in an artificial-ice plant.
5 6. (a.) An object is placed 30 cm. in front of a spherical mirror and the image is found
to be 20 cm. behind the mirror. Find by formula the focal length of the
mirror and draw a diagram showing mirror, focus, object, and image.
4 (b.) What are the three main classes of visible spectra?    Indicate very briefly how
each is formed.
5 1.  (a.)  State in a general way the nature, medium of propagation, and possible wave
length of sound waves, electric waves, radiant heat waves, light waves, and
X-rays.
4 (b.) Write a note on colours of natural objects.
5 8.  (a.)  Describe the principle of an electrical  condenser,  using the terms  capacity,
dielectric, potential and specific inductive capacity.
4 (b.)  State some of the properties of lines of magnetic force and indicate in a sentence
or two the use made of these lines in describing the production of a current
of electricity by induction.
3 9.  (a.) What is meant by the polarization of an electric battery?   How is it prevented
in a Daniell cell?
4 (b.) What is the current in a 40-watt lamp on a 110-volt circuit and what is the
resistance of the filament?
3 (c.)  What current will be sent through an external resistance of 1 ohm by three
Daniell cells, each cell having an E.M.F. of 1.08 volts and internal resistance
of 1 ohm, if the cells are arranged in parallel?
15        (A maximum of 15 marks will be allowed for a properly certified laboratory note-book.)
Trigonometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
10 1.  Prove :—
(a.) sec2A = l + tan 2A.
(b.) sin (A + B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B.
10        2. (a.) If 25 sin A = 7, find sin 2A.
(b.) Find the numerical value of ^ sin2 60° - \ sec 60° tan2 30° +1 sin2 45° tan2 60°
10 3. Prove :—
(a.) (tan A - cot A) sin A cos A = 1 - 2 cos 2A.
(b.) tan2 A sec2 (90° - A) - sin 2A cosec2 (90° - A) = 1.
10 4.  Solve for all positive angles less than four right angles :—
(a.) cos 2A - sin 2A = 2 - 5 cos A.
(b.) cot 2A + cosec 2A = 3. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 161
Value.
18 5.  In any triangle prove :-
. *    .    A /(s-b)(s-c)
(a.) sin - =   ,y/ -
(K
be
sin A + sin B      a + b
sinC c
(c.) a sin (B -C) + b sin (C - A) + c sin (A - B) = 0.
20        6. If 6 = 253, c = 189, A = 72° 14', solve the triangle.
Given log   64   =1.8062 log cot  36° 7'= 0.1368
log 442    =2.6454 log tan 11°13' = 1.2976
log 265.7 = 2.4243 log sin   72°14'=T.9788
log 253    =2.4031 log sin   42°40'=1.8311
log sin   65° 6'=1.9576
8        7.  Find the area of a triangle whose sides are 171,  204,  195.
14        8. If a=243.4, 6=147.6, c=185.2, find A.     (Use formula for tan • ~)
Given log 140.5 = 2.1476
log 102.9 = 2.0123
log 288.1=2.4596
log   44.7 = 1.6503
log tan 46°.39'=   .0250
Algebra.    (Time, 3 hours.)
12        I. (a.) For what value of a; will 5+x, 7+x, and 11+a: be in continued proportion?
Jx + 7 + Jx      4 + Jx
(b.)   Solve
Jx + 7 - Jx      4 - Jx
12 2.  The pressure of wind on a plane surface varies jointly as the area of the surface
and the square of the wind's velocity. The pressure on .1 square foot is
•9 pound when the rate of the wind is 15 miles per hour. Find the velocity
of the wind when the pressure on 1 square yard is 18 pounds..
14 3.  (a.) The difference between the third and the sixth term of an A.P. is  12.    The
sum of the first 10 terms is 45.    Find the elements of the series.
(b.) How many terms of the series 2,  -6, 18 .   .  .  . must be taken to make-40?
16        4. (a.) What value of K will make the roots of the equation 4Ka;2 - 60x + 25 = 0
equal 1
(b.)  If m and n are the roots of the equation 2x2 - 7x + 3 = 0, construct the equation
whose roots are m2n and mn2.
14 5. A railway carriage can seat five on each side. In how many ways may a party
of four ladies and six gentlemen seat themselves so that the ladies always
have the corner seats 1
18 6.  (a.) Find the middle term in the expansion of  (x	
11 F 162 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
14
(b.) Find the coefficient of x12 in the expansion of (x2 + 2x)10.
(c.) Expand to four terms (1 - 3a:)-4.
7. Evaluate, using logarithms,     'V'0125x J3l-15_
\l .00081
The following tables may be used :—
Number.
Mantissa
125
.09691
3115
.49345
81
.90848
399
.60097
400
.60206
Geometry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
12        1. A straight line AB is divided internally at C and externally, in the same ratio, at
D, so that AC: OB = AD: BD.
(i.)  Prove that CD is divided internally and externally in the same ratio at B and A.
(ii.) If O is the midpoint of AB, prove OB2=OC.OD.
9       2. If two triangles are equiangular, their corresponding slides are proportional.
9 3. P is any point on a circle whose centre is C and S is a fixed point. If SP is divided
internally or externally at P' in a constant ratio, the locus of P' is a circle.
9 4. If two similar polygons are similarly placed, the straight lines joining corresponding
vertices meet in a point.
9 5, If B is the radius of the circumcircle of the triangle ABC and BD, CD are perpendicular to AB, AC respectively, prove that AC. BD+AB. CD=2 R. BC.
12 6. In both parts of this question omit proofs, but give all constructions.
(a.) Show how to draw a triangle similar to two given similar triangles and having
an area equal to the difference of the areas of the given triangles.
(&.) Draw a regular pentagon whose area shall be % that of a given regular
pentagon.
9       7. If two straight lines cut three parallel planes, the lines are divided proportionally.
9 8. It is required to set up a post vertically at a point in a horizontal plane. If the
post is S feet long and you have three pieces of string each 10 feet long, explain
how to use the string to set up the post.
9 9. Show that the sum of any two face angles of a trihedral is greater than the third
face angle.
13 10. Three given straight lines, I, m, n, represent the distances from a point within an
equilateral triangle to its vertices.    Show how to construct the triangle. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 163
French Language.    (Time, 3 hours.)
Value.
40        1. Put into French :—
As a statesman, a soldier, a navigator, and a writer of original and varied genius,
Raleigh is connected with (a pris part a) all that is interesting in the
historical period of Elizabeth. The first possession acquired by England in
the New World was discovered by him, and in compliment to that princess,
named Virginia. It is a remarkable fact, that, wherever this extraordinary
man settled, he left some traces of his usefulness and activity. At Youghal,
of which town he was mayor, and where his house and garden are still to
be seen, the first potatoes were sowed by Raleigh.
20       2- Translate into French :—
(a.) The dog was not thirsty, therefore we could not make him drink.
(6.)  Do you know that lady?   No, but I know her name.
(c.)  We should like you to come and see us.
(d.)  We often think of it, don't we?
(e.) How long have you been here?
(/.)  She must have waited for them.
(g.) I intend to speak to her, although I am afraid of her.
(ft.) They are the only actors I wish to see.
(i.) Y/ou ought not to have done it.
(j.) The greatest benefactor of humanity that ever lived is perhaps Pasteur.
10       3.  (a.)  Give the feminine of:   secret, faux, mou, pecheur, compagnon.
(6.)  Give rules for position of adjectives with regard to nouns they qualify ; examples.
(c.)  Give examples  showing by  translation the differences  of meaning  when  the
following adjectives precede or follow the noun :  bon, grand, brave.
6       4. Express the same idea with a different construction, making the necessary changes
in each sentence :—
(a.) J'ai blesse mon pied hier soir.
(6.)  II nous faut savoir ceci avant demain.
(c.)  La legon durait depuis une demi-heure.
4       5. Put the italicized verbs in the correct tenses :—
(a.)  Respectez mes decisions, quelles qu'elles etre.
(b.)  Si nous faire aiinsi nous serious punis.
(c.)  II est possible qu'ils ven-ir ici, mais rien n'est sur.
(d.) Nous pensons voyager aussitSt que nous pouvoir.
10       6. Give the third person singular present indicative of:  s'asseoir, croitre, lire, resoudre.
Third person singular preterite of:   suivre, naitre, vetir, pouvoir.
First person singular future of:  acquerir, cueillir, mourir, envoy er.
First person singular present subjunctive of:   avoir, vouloir, prendre, courir. ,
Past participle of:  dire, savoir, rire, valoir.
10       7. Substitute the correct French words for those printed in italics :—
J'ai lu le livre sur which vous avez appele mon attention.
Je connais le monsieur to vjhom vous voulez me presenter.
What est ecrit est what j'ai dit.
L'homme whom je connais est the one who parle si bien.
Nous passerons six mois im, France et j'espere rester longtemps in Paris avant de
uninstaller pour de bon in Canada." F 164 Public Schools Report. 1923
History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Five questions to be answered.]
Value.
20        1- Describe the general conditions of 18th Century Europe before the French Revolution.
20       2- Account for the rise and fall of Napoleon.
20       3. Outline the economic and political  results of the  Industrial  Revolution  in  Great
Britain.
20       4. Sketch carefully the part played by Bismarck in creating the German Empire.
20       5- Describe the policy of Britain in either India or Africa during the 19th Century.
8        6.   (a.)  Describe the conditions which led  to the passing of  the  Great  Reform  Bill
of 1832.
12 (&•)  Compare it with the Reform Bills of 1867, 1884, 1918.
20        7. " A republic divides us the least."    Discuss this phrase with reference to the formation and growth of the Third French Republic.
20       8- Discuss the origins of the World War with special reference to the Expansion of
Europe.
English Composition.    (Time, 3 hours.)
10       1. Improve each of the following sentences, and state clearly your reasons for making
the changes:—
(a.) A great crime against human liberty will be consummated, for these people
'are being lured from their homes by wilful deceit, and their own childishness and ignorance is hastening them to their doom.
(6.) "There is no difference," said the elm, "between the sap in our trunks and
the other trees in the forest."
(c.) The early Roman occupation of Britain lasted from about 40 B.C. to 410 a.d.,
but they left behind them in all that time only six words.
(a!.) Passing along the avenues of the old town, our thoughts drifted from music
to poetry.
(e.) With the assistance of this man his trunk was soon found, inspected, checked,
and put on top of a cab which waited outside, and as Paul was driven
through the crowded streets, there burst upon his astonished sight for
the first time a full view of American city life.
15 2. Another aspect presents itself. One is tempted to say that the most human plants,
after all, are the weeds. How they cling to man and follow him around the
world, and spring up wherever he sets his foot! How they crowd around his
barns and dwellings, and throng his garden and jostle and override each other in
their strife to be near him! Same of them are so domestic and familiar, and so
harmless withal, that one comes to regard them with positive affection. Motherwort, catnip, plantain, tansy, wild mustard—what a homely human look they
have! They are an integral part of every old homestead. Tour smart new place
will wait long before they draw near it. Our knot-grass, that carpets every old
door-yard, and fringes every walk, and softens every path that knows the feet
of children, or that leads to the spring, or to the garden, or to the barn, how
kindly one comes to look upon it! Examine it with a pocket glass and see how
wonderfully beautiful and exquisite are its tiny blossoms. It loves the human
foot, and when the path or the place is long disused other plants usurp the ground.
(a.) Discuss carefully the unity, coherence, and emphasis of the above paragraph.
Write notes on the method of paragraph development employed and the
choice of diction. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 165
Value.
15 3. Rewrite the following paragraph so as to improve its coherence and emphasis:—
Charlotte Cushman loved fame, worshipped money, and was devoted to her art.
That she was a great artist has never been questioned. In private life she
was a charming woman. The moment she entered the theatre, either at
rehearsal or at a performance, her whole soul was wrapped up iu her art.
If she was somewhat miserly with money in general, she was extravagant in
her assistance and encouragement to those in whom she saw genius and talent.
Of Charlotte Cushman's greatness in some parts there is no question. Meg
Merrilies, Lady Macbeth, and Queen Catherine were her best parts. At
rehearsals she was ever kind and tender, never tiring in teaching those who
were lacking in experience or were suffering from stage fright.
60       4. Write an essay about two pages in length on one of the following subjects :—
(«.)  Characteristics of Dress in the Days of Chaucer.
(&.)  Edmund Spenser, "the poets' poet."
(c.)  The value of a High School Course.
Chemistry.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[AU questions are of equal Value.   Answer ten only.]
[Atomic iceights are given at the end of the paper.]
1. What is meant by valency?   Can we deduce the valency of an element from a knowledge of
the number of atoms in its molecule? The chloride of an imaginary element contains
38.11% chlorine and 61.89% of the element. The vapor density of the compound referred
to air is 12.85. What is the atomic weight of the element, so far as this investigation of
this one compound can give it?    What is its valency?
2. State the following laws in your own words:   Dalton's, LeOhatelier's, Dulong and Petit's,
multiple proportions.
3. Explain clearly what is meant by the following terms:   Hydrolysis, atomic weight, osmotic
pressure, chemical equilibrium, complex ion.
4. Write an account of the chemistry of antimony and its compounds.
5. What is meant by a normal solution?    What weight of the following chemicals would you
take to make a litre of a normal solution: Sulphuric acid, silver nitrate, arsenious acid,
iodine, and potassium dichromate for oxidizing in an acid solution?
6. Given a solution of a single salt, how would you test for the following:   Copper, silver,
aluminium, calcium, zinc, nitric acid, phosphoric acid?
7. How does aluminium occur in nature?    How is the metal extracted?     What are its chief
physical and chemical properties?   Write a short note on the chemistry of its most
important compounds.
«
8. How   are   the  following   chemicals   prepared:   Primary   calcium   ortho-phosphate,   sodium
bicarbonate, lead acetate, stannous chloride, copper sulphate?
9. Determine the purity of a sample of anhydrous sodium carbonate 6 grams of which gave,
when acted upon by an excess of acid, 1310 c.c. of C02 at 10 degrees Centigrade and
750 mm. pressure.
10. 8.2 grams of crystallized barium chloride (Bad,, 2H20) and 7 grams of sulphuric acid
(70% H,S04) were brought together in aqueous solution. What weight of barium
sulphate was precipitated? F 166 Public Schools Report. 1923
11. A specimen of a mineral gave by analysis the following percentage composition:  34.40% Cu,
30.47% Fe, and 35.1% S.   What is its probable formula?
Atomic weights:   01= 35.5, S= 32, Ag=108, N=14, As=75, 1=127, Na = 23, 0 = 12, K = 39,
Cr = 52, Ba = 137, Cu = 63, Fe = 56.
Note.—A maximum of 15 marks will be allowed for laboratory note-books.
Value. •
French Literature.    (Time, 3 hours.)
10 1. Was Corneille " un genie tout instinctif '">.
10 2. What are the essential differences between Racine and Corneille?
10 3. Write a short appreciation of any Romantic poet and name some of his works.
10 4. Compare Voltaire and J. J. Rousseau.
5. Translate the  following  passages  and  comment on  the  words  or  expressions   in
italics:—
15 (a.) Pere, maitresse, honneur, amour,
Noble et dure contrainte, aimable tyrannie,
Tous mes plaisirs sont inorts, ou ma gloire ternie.
L'un me rend malheureux, l'autre indigne du jour.
Cher et cruel espoir d'une fime genereuse,
Mais ensemble amoureuse,
Digne ennemi de man plus grand bonheur,
Fer qui causes ma peiue,
M'es-tu donne pour venger mon honneur?
M'es-tu donne pour perdre maChimeneV
15 (6.)      Andromaque—Ah! de quel souvenir viens-tu frapper mon ame!
Quoi?    CSphise, j'irai voir expirer encor
Ce fils, ma seule joie, et Pimage d'Hector:
Ce fils, que de sa flamme il me laissa pour gage!
Helas! je m'en souviens, le jour que son courage
Lui fit chercher Achille, ou plulot le trepas,
II demanda son fils, et le prit dans ses bras:
" Chere epouse, dit-il en essuyant mes larmes,
J'ignore quel succes le sort garde k mes amies;
Je te laisse mon fils pour gage de ma foi:
S'il me perd, je pretends qu'il me retrouve en toi.
Si d'un heureux hymen la memoire t'est chere,
Montre au fils a quel point tu cherissois le pere."
10 (o.)  Sa gloire litteraire repose sur ses Fables.   II a  cree le  genre.   Nul ne
soupconnait le parti qu'on en pouvait tirer.    Quoiqu'il n'ait pas invente
ses sujets, il a deploye dans ses fables toute l'originalite de son espirit.
. II a puise sa matiere chex Esope, chez Phedre, chez d'autres encore,
mais il en a fait de petits tableaux dramatiques incomparables.
Mon imitation n'est point un esclavage.
Je ne prends que l'idee, et Ies tours et Ies lois
Que nos maitres suivaient eux-mgmes autrefois.
Dans la fable I du livre V, il indique avec modestie ce qu'il a voulu faire:
instruire, plaire, attaquer Ies vices ou Ies travers par le ridicule, agrandir
la fable antique et la transformer en
ITne ample cometlie, a cent acres divers,
Et dont la scene est l'univers. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 167
Value.
20 (.&•)      Electeurs de drap d'or, cardinaux d'ecarlatc,
Double stoat sacre dont la terre s'emeut,
Ne sont IS. qu'en parade, et Dieu veut ce qu'il veut.
Qu'une idee, au besoin des temps, un jour 6close,
t Elle grandit, va, court, se mele & toute chose,
Se fait homme, saisit Ies coeurs, creuse un sillon;
Maint roi la foule aux pieds ou lui met un baillon;
*'"   ; • Mais qu'elle entre un matin a la diete, au conclave,
Et tous Ies rois soudain verront 1'idee esclave
Sur leurs tetes de roi que ses pieds courberont,
Surgir, le globe en main ou la tiare au front.
Le pape et I'empereur sont tout.    Rieii n'est sur terre
Que pour eux et par eux.
Latin Composition, Sight Translation, and History.    (Time, 3 hours.)
A.
Value.
40       1- Translate into Latin :•—
(a.)  On receiving the news Caesar sent forward scouts and centurions to choose
a suitable place for a camp.    .
(6.) Would that Caesar had not been killed.
(c.) Nothing is so characteristic of a narrow mind as to love riches.
(d.)  It is not allowable to remain more than a year in one place.
(e.)  The Gauls immediately sent ambassadors to Caesar to say that they had
not entered into a league against Rome, and that they had not united
with the Germans.
(/.)  The Gauls promised to send hostages to Caesar on the condition that their
wives and children were spared.
(g.) We all know that the enemy are afraid that Pompey will he sent out to Asia
as commander in chief.
(ft.)  Cicero urged the Roman people not to think that he had said this to win
Pompey's favour.
B. ,     ;
30       2. Translate into English:—
Flight of Medea and Death of Jason.
Vix vestem induerat Glauce, cum dolorem gravem per omnia membra sensit, et
post panlum diro cruciatu affecta e vita excessit. His rebus gestis, Medea,
furore atque amentia impulsa, Alios suos necavit: turn magnum sibi fore
periculum arbitrata, si in Thessalia maneret, ex ea regione fugere constituit.
Hoc oonstituto, Solem oravit, ut in tanto periculo auxilium sibi praeberet.
Sol autem, his precibus commotus, currum quendam inisit, cui draeones, alis
instructi, iuncti erant. Medea non omittendam tantam occasionem arbitrata,
currum conscendit, itaque per aera vecta, incolnmis ad urbem Athenas
pervenit. Iason autem post breve tempus miro modo occisus est. Hie enim
(sive casu sive consilio deorum) sub umbra navis suae, quae in litus subducta
erat, olim dormiebat. At navis, quae adhuc erecta steterat, in earn partem,
ubi Iason iacebat, subito delapsa virum infelicem oppresslt. F 168 Public Schools Report. 1923
C.
Value.
30       3.  (a.)  State the provisions and effect of the Hortensian Law.
(6.)  Write the causes which led to the First Punic War.
(c.) Give a short account of the career of Regulus.
(d.)  Give an outline of the progress of the Roman conquest in the lands to the east of
the Adriatic.
Latin Authors.    (Time, 3 hours.)
15        1. Translate:—
TJtinam, Quirites, virorum fortium atque innocentium copiam tantam haberetis,
ut haec vobis deliberatio diflScilis esset, quemnam potissimum tantis rebus
ac tanto bello praeficiendum putaretis ! nunc vero cum sit unus Cn. Pompeius,
qui non modo eorum hominum, qui nunc sunt, gloriam, sed etiam antiquitatis
memoriam virtute superarit, quae res est quae cuiusquam animum in hac
causa dubium facere possit?
' (o.) What is the force of the imperfect subjunctive with utinam.?
(6.) quemnam praeficiendum putaretis.   What would be the usual construction?
15       2. Translate:—
Etenim talis est vir, ut nulla res tanta sit ac tarn difflciliis, quam ille non et
consilio regere et integritate tueri et virtute conficere possit. Sed in hoc
ipso ab eo vehementissime dissentio, quod, quo minus certa est hominum ac
minus diutuma vita, hoc magis res publica, dum per deos immortales licet,
frui debet summi viri vita atque virtute. At enlm ' ne quid novi flat contra
exempla atque instituta maiorum.' Non dicam hoc loco, maiores uostros
semper in pace consiuetudinii, in bello utilitati paruisse, semper ad novos casus
temporum novorum eonsiliorum rationes accommodasse.
(a.) possit—account for mood.
(6.) hoc magis, etc.—account for case of hoc.
(c.) novi—parse
(d.) Mention the characteristics and achievements of Pompey brought forward by
Cicero as arguments for his fitness for sole command in the Mithridatic War.
20       3- Translate:—
Sunt quibus ad portas cecidit custodia sorti,
inque vicem speculantur aquas et nubila caeli,
aut onera accipiunt vehientum, aut agmine facto
ignavum fucos pecus a praesepibus arcent.
Fervet opus, redolentque thy mo fragrantia mella.
Ac veluti lentis Cyclopes fulmina massis
cum properant, alii taurinis follibus auras
accipiunt redduntque, alii stridentia tingunt
aera lacu; gemit impositis incudibus Aetna;
illi inter sese magna vi brachia tollumt
in numerum, versantque tenaci forcipe ferrum:
non aliter, si parva licet componere magnis,
Cecropias innatus apes amor urget habendi
munere quamque suo.    Grandaevis oppida curae
et munire favos et daedala fingere tecta.
At fessae multa referunt se nocte minores,
crura thymo plenae; pascuntur et arbuta passim
et glaucas salices casiamque crocumque rubentem 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 169
Value.
et pinguem tiliam et ferrugineos hyacinthos.
Omnibus una quies operum, labor omnibus unus:
mane ruunt portis; nusquam mora; rursus easdem
vesper ubi e pastu tandem decedere campis
admonuit, turn teeta petunt, turn corpora curant;
fit sonitus mussantque oras et limina circum.
(a.)  Principal parts of cecidit.
(6.) Parse sorti,
(c.) Write notes on Cyclopes, Cecropias.
25       4. Translate:—
Extemplo Libyae magnas it Fama per urbes,
Fama, malum qua non aliud velocius ullum :
mobilitate viget, viresque acquirit eundo,
parva metu primo, niox sese attollit in auras
ingrediturque solo et caput inter nubila condit.
Illam Terra parens, Ira irritata deorum,
extremam, ut perhibent, Coeo Enceladoque sororem
progenuit pedibus celerem et pernicibus alis,
monstrum horrendum ingens, cui, quot sunt corpore plumae,
tot vigiles oculi subter (mirabile dictu),
tot linguae, totidem ora sonant, tot surrigit aures.
Nocte volat caeli medio terraeque per umbram
stridens, nee dulci declinat lumina somno;
luce sedet custos aut summi culmine tecti
turribus aut altis, et magnas territat urbes,
tarn ficti pravique tenax quam nuntia veri.
Haec turn multiplici populos sermone replebat
gaudens et pariter facta atque infecta canebat.
(a.)  Scan the four lines beginning Illam terra and ending corpore plumae.
(b.) qua—account for case.
(c.) Give principal parts of progenuit, surrigit, sedet, replebat, canebat.
25       5. Translate :-
Nusquam tuta fides.    Eiectum litore, egentem
excepi et regni dernens in parte locavi;
amissam classem, socios a morte reduxi:
heu furiis incensa feror ! nunc augur Apollo,
nunc Lyciae sortes, nunc et love missus ab ipso
. interpres divum fert horrida iussa per auras.
Scilicet is superis labor est, ea cura quietos
sollicitat.    Neque te teneo neque dicta refello :
i, sequere Italiam ventis, pete regna per undas.
Spero equidem mediis, si quid pia numina possunt,
supplicia hausurum scopulis et nomine Dido
saepe vocaturum.    Sequar atris ignibus absens,
et, cum frigida mors anima seduxerit artus,
omnibus umbra locis adero.    Dabis, improbe poenas.
Audiam, et haec manes veniet mihi fama sub imos.'
(a.) Eiectum  litore   .    .    .    a morte reduxi.    Explain  the  ingratitude  of  Aeneas
referred to by Dido in those words.
(6.) flow was the prophecy of Dido, contained in the last four lines of this extract,
fulfilled?
(c.)  Explain references to Augur Apollo, Lyciae sortes, interpres divum.
(d.) Parse and give principal parts of sequere, hausurum, seduxerit, ad"-ro. F 170 Public Schools Report. 1923
Third-year Course, Commercial.
Economics and Civics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Note.—Answers should be brief and to the point, but " Yes " or " No " will not be accepted
unless a reason is stated.]
Value.
10       1. What do  you understand by  " economic good,"  " production,"  " distribution,"  and
" consumption " ?
15       2. Write notes on each of the following and give illustrations :—
(a.) Marginal utility.
(&.)  Diminishing returns,
(c.) Law of Supply and Demand.
10       3. What are the chief uses of money?   What money is turned out by the Canadian
mint?   Distinguish between " wealth " and " money."
If all  Germany's paper money should become worthless, would the wealth of the
nation at large be impaired?    Explain.
10 4. What political party is in power in British Columbia? Who are the members of
the B.C. executive and what are their departments?
10 5. How are custom and excise duties collected? Illustrate by reference to specific
commodities.
15       6. Write notes on :—
(a.) The speech from the throne.
(&.) The budget speech,
(o.)  Speaker of House of Commons.
(d.) Parliamentary procedure,
(e.)  Preferential tariff.
10       7. By what routes would you ship the followiug:  Apples, Vancouver Island to Winnipeg;
fish,  Prince Rupert to Edmonton;   lumber,  Genoa Bay,  Vancouver Island,  to
Liverpool, Eng.;   canned salmon, Vancouver to Montreal?
What is meant by " classification of freight " ?
Explain " mountain rates" and state arguments for and against from view-points
of B.C. and C.P.R.
10       8- What are the chief commodities that Canada ships abroad?    Who are the consumers
of these commodities?
Show how production and trade in Canada is subject to Government interference.
10 9- Select two of British Columbia's most important industries and state the natural
facilities that B.C. possesses for these industries. Outline what you think the
future development may be. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 171
Arithmetic    (Time, 30 minutes.)
A. Rapid Calculation.
[Note.—The time allowance for Arithmetic, Third-year Course, Commercial, is 2y% hours; after
the expiration of SO minutes, ansioers to Section A (Rapid Calculation) will be collected,
and Section B (General) 'will then be distributed to candidates.    Candidates will complete
their work on this sheet and hand it in;  no other ivork is necessary, but candidates may
use their examination booklets for solving problems.]
Value.
30       1. Departmental Store Sales for the Week Ending April 28, 1923 :—
12
8
10
11
10
11
Day.
Clothing.
Dry
Goods.
Furniture.
Hardware.
Groceries.
Total.
Tuesday	
Wednesday   .. .
Thursday	
Friday  	
Saturday 	
$547 25
612 50
710 20
675 00
730 10
940 60
$   836 40
875 20
604 30
787 50
820 60
1,020 40
$624 30
610 25
980 20
730 80
790 80
810 60
$934 75
876 90
750 40
910 00
873 60
950 20
$1,216 80
1,140 40
1,190 10
1,250 60
1,360 10
1,560 50
1
1
]
1
Add vertically and horizontally and prove your work.
2. Find the sum of the products :— fe
64 x 66 =
348 i 25 =
124 x 102 c=
75 x 36 =
3. What is the value of the following bill of lumber at $42 per thousand?—■
75 pes. 2" x 4"—14'
48 pes. 3" x 8"—16'
150 pes. 1" x 8"—12'
60 pes. 2" x 12"—16'
4. If a city tax rate is 41 mills on the dollar, what does a man pay on an assessment
of $3,470?
5. Find the net cost of an invoice of $750 less discounts of 37%%, 15%, and 2V2%.
6. A collector obtained 60% of a debt and after deducting 10% commission, remitted
$421.20 to his principal.   What was the whole amount of the debt.
7.  Simplify (£ of |f + £ Of 2|4-f of |) x 2.16.
8. A merchant had during the year $12,000 worth of merchandise. His sales were $9,500
and he had $4,250 worth of goods on hand at the end of the year. What was his
rate of gain? F 172 Public Schools Report. 1923
Arithmetic.    (Time, 2 hours.)
B. General.
[Note.—The time allowance for Arithmetic, Third-year Course, Commercial, is 3% hours;  after
the expiration of 30 minutes, answers to Section A (Rapid Calculation) will be collected,
and Section B (General) will then be distributed.]
Value.
1. A cylindrical tank is 12 feet deep and 6 feet in diameter.
7 (a.) How many square feet are there in its entire surface?
7 (5.)  If a cubic foot contains 25 quarts, find how many gallons of water the tank
will hold.
14 2. It costs a manufacturer $1,500 to build an automobile. What must be the list price
so that he can sell it to a retailer at a discount of 25% and yet make a profit
of 25% after allowing his salesman a commission of 16%% for selling it to
the retailer?
14 3. A man invests $2,500 for the benefit of his son, who is now just 14 years of age.
What amount will there be to his credit when he is 21 years of age, interest
compounded semi-annually at 5% per annum?    (1.025I4 = 1.41297.)
14 4. The records of a certain railway for its fiscal year ending September 30, 1921, show
the following: Gross earnings from passengers, $7,804,241; from freight,
$22,314,598; from all other sources, $5,472,694; expenses, $20,479,475; taxes,
rentals, etc., $6,125,689. What was the surplus for the year after the declaration
of a dividend of 8% on a capital stock of $91,347,500? What per cent, of the
total earnings were the expenses?
14 5. A merchant imported a lot of steel knives from England as follows: 75 dozen at
12s. 6d. per dozen; 20 dozen at £1 8s. 6d. per dozen; 12 dozen at £2 9s. 6d. per
dozen; 10 dozen at £2 10s. 6d. per dozen; 30 dozen at £1 5s. 6d. per dozen. The
charges in England amounted to £7 12s. 6d. The Consul's fee was 12s. 6d. Marine
insurance was 20 cents per hundred on the invoice. The cartage amounted to
$2.50. The duty was 30% ad valorem and 30 cents per dozen. Find the cost of
the invoice if £1=$4.20.
14 6. On June 5, J. R. Simpson deposited with his broker $1,200 as a 10 per cent, margin
for the purchase of 120 shares of Bell Telephone stock at 135. The stock was
sold on June 25 at 137%. What were the profits of the transaction if money is
worth 6%, and there was brokerage each way of %%?
16        7. At a storage warehouse flour was received and delivered as follows :—
Received. Delivered.
April      5, 200 bbls. April    15, 150 bbls.
30, 300    „ May       2, 160
May     10, 280   „ „       15, 300
25, 350    „ „       28, 400
June      1, 200   „ June      4, 180
10, 140
How much must be paid for storage if 5 cents per barrel be charged for the first
10 days or part of 10 days, and 3 cents per barrel for each subsequent 10 days
or part of 10 days? 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 173
Business  Coehesponhence.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Note to PREsiniNG Examiner.—Please provide the candidates with plain white letter
paper and envelopes.]
[The use of pen and ink or typewriter is optional.]
A. W. Rombler, 146 16th Ave. West, Vancouver, B.C., writes a letter (15/4/23) (No. 1)
to Sharps and Shaver, Barristers and Solicitors, 402 Rogers Bldg., Vancouver, stating
that, while his Ford Car, Licence No. 22246, was halted by the Traffic Policeman
on Granville St. bridge on Friday, April 13, 1923, at 5.15 p.m., it was struck by
Street Car No. 41, Motorman No. 411, and the rear fender and wheel were severed
from the chassis, and rear axle housings cracked. He asks the firm to file a claim
for stated damages against the B.C. Electric Company, Limited. The firm does so
and notifies the B.C. Electric Company by letter (17/4/23) (No. 2) to that effect.
The B.C. Electric Company replies by letter (20/4/23) (No. 3) stating that as the
motor-car in question was standing on its " right-of-way " when damaged, they are
not liable for the loss sustained, and are determined to contest the claim.
Value.
20       1- Write letter No. 1.   Address the envelope.
20       2. Write letter No. 2.    Address the envelope.
20       3. Write letter No. 3.    Address the envelope.
8       4.   (a.) Explain clearly what is meant by Indexing and Precis writing in correspondence.
8 (6.)   Show an Index and Precis Card properly written up to cover the three letters
above.
8       5.  (a.) Describe fully and give the advantages and disadvantages of the "Numerical
System" of Filing.   To what kinds of business is it especially adapted?
8 (b.) Explain fully the method of operating the "Direct Name System" of Filing.
Illustrate by drawings the arrangement of Guides and Folders.    Show how
you would file the three letters above.
8 (c.) Tell briefly how you would handle the " Miscellaneous Correspondence " by either
system.
Typewriting.
[Note to Presioing Examiner.—Please provide each candidate with plain white letter paper
and one sheet of carbon paper.]
[Note.—Candidates are allowed 5 minutes to read over this paper.    Time allowed for Section A,
15 minutes.    Section B is to be written in full, and the time taken by each candidate to be
recorded by the Presiding Examiner.    Write Section A double spacing, without carbon copy.
Write each part of Section B, in proper form, on a separate sheet of paper, and hand in
carbon copies with originals.]
Value.
50 Section A.
Sitting at breakfast in the morning, a man seldom reflects that for his
personal satisfaction the good and useful fruits of the earth and
products of labour have been gathered from every quarter of the globe.
Beside his plate, which has been made in Staffordshire, is a spoon from
the Oneida Community works in New York State and a knife and fork
from Sheffield, with handles of wood from Africa or horn from South
America. He sits on a chair made of wood from Northern Canada,
varnished with the resin of a tree in Burmah or Japan, dissolved in F 174 Public Schools Report. 1923
turpentine from the sea-pines of the Landes Department of France or
the swamp-pines of the Alabama. The seat is of cane from the Malay
peninsula. His table-cloth and napkin are from Belfast. He has tea
from China or Japan, coffee from Java or Brazil, bread from wheat
grown in the Canadian North-west, leavened with yeast from Germany.
He has canned salmon from British Columbia or canned rabbit from
Australia, sealed in tin from Wales. His breakfast is cooked with coal
from Pennsylvania, on a stove made of Indiana iron, and surmounted
with pipes of sheet iron from the penal colony of Siberia. His salt is
from Goderich, his pepper from Ceylon or South America, and his
sauce from Worcestershire. He has butter from a neighbouring farm,
perhaps coloured with annatto from Cayenne. His buns are made
more palatable by a few currants from Greece.
The commerce which enables a man to obtain for his own use the products
of all parts of the world must be complicated and wonderful. He may
be a carpenter or bricklayer, a physician, a lawyer, or a teacher; he
may work in a great factory feeding material to a machine which does
but one of many operations necessary to the making of some article
in common use. Yet for this single useful service, useful only as a help
to many others, he is able to secure the many and varied products of
the world's industries.
When it is remembered that the production of any one of the things
gathered at the breakfast table requires the aid of many hands,
trained in various lines of industry, and working in different climes
and continents, the truly complex nature of the' world's commerce
becomes apparent. Through this intricate commerce we live by
satisfying each other's wants. By following one line of industry and
becoming specially proficient, each is able to secure a share of the
products of all the others. To accomplish that end in a community
in which each is careful of his own property and jealous lest others
may obtain that which is his, is the aim of our trade and industry.
Every useful service rendered for reward, whether the building of a wall,
the cooking of a meal, the making of a shoe, the teaching of a lesson
in school, the navigation of a ship, or the digging of ore in the mine,
is a part of this complicated mechanism, having a relation to all the
other parts. Here is something marvellous with which we are surrounded, which we must touch at every turn, which has an influence
in settling all the practical questions of daily life, and which we should
study and seek to comprehend. The easiest road to an understanding
of our complicated industrial and commercial mechanism may be found
in the analysis of a single transaction, and for that purpose let us
select the purchase of a pair of boots in a city store.
Injecting Personality into an Organization.
Industrial organization has outgrown the one-man stage. Business is too
big, interests are too varied, one man cannot do or give enough to
contain a whole business in himself. The corporation—which signifies
the resources, the brains, the work of many men merged for one pur- 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 175
Value.
pose—is now the business unit. When many men combine, their
individual personalities disappear.    The result is an impersonal body.
But just as personality is the vital spark in the man, so it is the active
force in a business—impersonality implies weakness. Therefore the
problem of the business man of to-day is to give a personality to the
great impersonal corporation of which he is chief.
Personality implies something human. The only source from which a
business can draw a personality is the human element in it, the men
who are carrying on its activities. The men in an industrial organization must make the business a part of themselves and themselves
an organic part of the business; they must put into their work their
own personalities.
Then the business will acquire a personality. This, then, is the problem
of the corporation chief: to make men feel that they are not simply
cogs of a great machine, their acts geared to the ponderous activity
of the whole; to make men realize that they have responsibilities, not
only as business getters and money makers but toward the public good
and toward their business associates—that their every act is adjudged;
to bring men to respect their profession not alone as a means for
acquiring wealth but as a life work and the work itself as its own
reward.
If men with these commercial ideals could be put behind the guns of a
business, that business would become a human active force, a personality.
50 Section B.
Vancouver, B.C., June 10, 1923. The Hilton Hardware Co., 239 Main St.,
City. Dear Sirs: In answer to your inquiry No. 856, we take pleasure
in quoting you the following prices:—
3"    Stove Pipe, |4.55 per 100 points.
±"       »        „        5.00    „      „        „
5 „ ,,        6.23    „      ,,        „
fi" 7 52
° ■ 11 11 ' ■OZl     ii        ii
°2 11 11 U. IO       „ „ „
• ii n        a.oo    „      „        „
Thanking you for your letter, and assuring you that we can ship the goods
promptly upon receipt of order, we are Yours very truly,
Annual Earnings and Dividends.
Y _r Net Dividends Added to Added to
Revenue. Paid. Reserves. Surplus.
1919 $5,486,058 $4,078,601 $   937,258 $   470,198
1920     7,398,286 5,050,024 1,377,651 970,611
1921     7,835,272 6,584,404 522,247 728,622
1922   10,564,665 8,619,151 728,140 1,217,374
Vancouver, B.C., June, 1923. Miss Olga Abelson, Nelson, B.C., Dear
Madam: When a woman is suddenly called upon to face the perplexities of financial matters with which she is, perhaps, unfamiliar,
a conservative banker is her safest counsellor. F 176 Public Schools Report. 1923
There are many unscrupulous promoters, who, with enticing words or
attractive advertisements, are offering bonds, stock, mortgages, and
investment ventures which are of questionable value and which should
not be considered without advice.
Your first consideration should be to place your money where the safety
of the principal is assured. You should also be able to exercise
control over the principal; that is, to convert it, or at least a part
of it, into cash with readiness, should occasion arise. Therefore, great
care should be exercised in choosing investments.
If you should want any information or advice regarding financial matters,
we would gladly give you the benefit of our knowledge and experience
whenever you care to consult us.   Yours very truly.
Vancouver, B.C., June, 1923. Messrs. Langdon and Greenman, 407 Pandora
Avenue, Victoria, B.C. Gentlemen: We have received your remittance
of $367.74 to apply on your July account. We have credited your
account for the above amount, together with discount due of $39.39,
making a total of $407.13. This leaves a balance of $214,31, according
to the figures shown on our July statement.
However, credit for the discrepancies brought to our attention some time
ago has been passed for $253.70. This credit, which will be shown
on your August statement, will more than take care of the balance
due on your July account.
We trust that there will be no further confusion in your account. Yours
truly.
Penmanship.     (Time, 1 hour.)
1. Write one page of General Movement Exercises, including the left oval, right oval, and drive-
and-return   (push-and-pull).   One-space and two-space exercises should be shown.   Use
your own judgment as to selection and arrangement.
2. Write one set of capital letters, one set of small letters, and two sets of figures.
3. Write a brief business letter ordering goods from a local firm.
4. Write the following addresses as you would write them on business envelopes :—
C. J. Brown and Company, Prince Rupert, B.C.
Messrs. Evans and Manning, 458 Broad Street, Victoria, B.C.
Miss D. K. Mitchell, Fernie, B.C.
Rev. O. S. Paul, 156 Ninth Street, New Westminster, B.C.
5. Make one copy of the following:—
Why Try to become a Good Penman?
The first reason we shall give is this: We use our pens to express our thoughts in a
social or in a business way, and we owe it to the people who read our letters that
our writing should be legible and pleasing in appearance. This is surely just as
important as it is to " say " it nicely if we were talking instead of writing to them.
We should feel very much humbled indeed if we made mistakes in Grammar or in
Spelling, and surely it is just as important that our writing should be good.
Again, it is a great satisfaction to be able to write rapidly and well, and not feel that
we have to apologize for our writing. To be a poor penman is no evidence at all of
greatness, but is one of the greatest handicaps a young person can have. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 177
Perhaps the most important of all reasons, and the one that may appeal to you the most,
is the fact that, other things being equal, the young man or young woman who makes
the most rapid advancement in the business world of to-day is the good penman.
Heads of business firms, department stores, banks, telegraph companies, etc., all tell
us over and over again that they reject many applicants merely on account of their
poor handwriting and that good writers receive rapid promotion.
I think we shall agree then that it is worth while to make an effort to bring our penmanship up to a high standard, for no matter what our vocation in life, it will be one of
our strongest assets.
Shorthand Dictation.
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—Please provide candidates with plain white letter paper.]
[Note.—The Examiner will read each section twice; first, rapidly, and secondly, at the rate
assigned. Candidates will write at the second reading only. When all the dictation has
been given, the candidates will make, in proper form, either a typewritten or a pen and ink
transcription of their notes. The time taken by each candidate for making the transcription
will be noted by the Presiding Examiner. Both shorthand notes and transcription are to
be handed in.]
Rate, SO per minute.
Value.
12       1. Dear Madam:   In the mail this morning we received your letter of December 20
enclosing a cheque for $200,   (20)  payable at the Century Trust Company, to
retire your note due December 28.
The note will be returned to  (40)  y°u as soon as we receive it from the bank.
This will be on December 28 or the following (60) day.
We thank you for taking care of this item so promptly and hope to receive another
large order soon (80)-   Tours very truly.
Rate, 90 per minute.
14 2. To Patrons: At the close of my third year in business I am glad to announce that
its success has warranted the (22) enlarging of my office. This will give my
patrons more private as well as more spacious accommodation.
I have added a very good (45) selection of old English Silver, which has just been
received from London.
Personal attention will be given to the matching of pearls  (67)  f°r necklaces.
Folders describing combination of precious stones and the newest effects in jewellery
will be submitted gladly upon request.    Very truly yours (90)-
Rate, 100 per minute.
16 3. Dear Madam: We have received the waist you returned to us for credit and regret
exceedingly that we are compelled to send it back to (25) y°u. Our records
show that this waist was purchased September 25. As it has been out of our
establishment for six weeks, it cannot (50) be accepted, for it is one of our
rules that merchandise must be returned for either credit or exchange within
ten days from the date (75) of purchase. We are sure that you will see the
necessity for a rule of this kind.
Your further orders will be received with pleasure  (100).   Very truly yours.
Rate, 11.0 per minute. .
18 4. Dear Sir: Referring to claim No. 6M5L and the attachments, I call your attention
to the fact'that the shipments in question were covered (27) by one bill of
lading, and that the weight shown on this claim was an overflow on the remaining
shipment and should therefore be forwarded at carload rate (55) all(l actual,
weight.
12 F 178 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
I think that if you will review the facts in this case you will agree that your company
should assume its proportion on the (82) actual weight of 16,880 pounds. The
amount due from your company on that basis is $4.07, as shown. Will you please
approve a (HO) claim for that amount?   Yours truly.
Rate, 120 per minute.
20 5. Dear Sir: Our shipping department will remain closed from December 31 to January
5 for our annual stock-taking. We will, however, be able to fill a few rush
orders (30) on January 4.
Please do not overlook the fact that January is one of the best music-roll months
of the year. Many people stay at home and use their player (60) pianos during
the winter. Moreover, the Christmas season always introduces a large number
of these instruments into homes, and people who have recently acquired player
pianos are very likely (90) to be good customers for music rolls.
Your stock is probably very low. Between Christmas and New Year's is a good time
to prepare a stock order for shipment early (120) 'n January. Very truly
yours.
Rate, 130 per minute.
20 6. Dear Mr. Coleman: Recently I had the pleasure of inspecting the fine trees on your
estate at Brentwood.
I was particularly interested in the Oak directly west of the Mansion. This tree
(32) is in a vel"y serious condition, so serious in fact that there is grave doubt
whether it can be saved at all. I made a very careful study of its condition and
believe (65) 1 can make some suggestions that may save it for you. I expect
to be at Brentwood again within a week or so, and if it is your pleasure will
explain in (97) detail just what should be done.
There will be no charge for any service I may render, nor will it place you under any
obligation to the Tree Surgery Company.    Very truly yours   (130)-
Laws of Business.     (Time, 2 hours.)
6 1. (a..) X sells a piano to Y for $350, but doubting his ability to pay asks Z to become
his surety. Z replies, " Certainly! He's able to pay. If he does not pay
you I will see that you are paid." Y fails to pay. Can X collect from Z?
Discuss, and quote the clause of the Act as authority for your answer.
6 (6.)  A signs a note at 60 days for $140 favour of B.    C signs the note as surety.
Write the note. When the note becomes due A asks B to extend the time
three days. B consents. A then fails to pay. Can B collect from C?
Discuss fully and give other changes which will have the same result.
2. J.  Adams  sells  W.  Brown one "Underwood Typewriter,  Number  226495,  for  $250,
payable in ten monthly instalments with interest at 8% per annum, the first
of such payments to be made on July 1st, 3923. Adams asks you to draw a note
which will enforce these terms and also give him the right to get possession of
the machine if Brown fails to meet his payments.
7 (a.) Write the note, so wording it that it will be negotiable.
6 (&.)  If Brown fails to pay, what legal steps must Adams take to secure payment?
3. W. Brock draws a draft on J. Condon for $240 at 60 days' sight favour of M. Dunn.
It is accepted qualified as to time and has been negotiated and endorsed as
follows:—
(1)  In "blank" to W. Elliott,   (2)   "Qualified" to J. Ford,   (3)   In "full" to
H. Gunn,  (4)  "Waiving protest" to W. Hill, and  (5)  "Restricted" to you.
7 («-.) Show the draft, face and back. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 179
Value.
5 (6.)  Name the parties in the order of their liability.
6 (c.)  If the draft becomes overdue in your hands state in order the steps you would
take to protect your title.
9 A (a.) Describe clearly the nature of the title to the property of the mortgagor and
the mortgagee in (1) A chattel mortgage, (2) A mortgage on real property,
and (3) The vendor and vendee in a Dien Note.
8 (6.) A holds a mortgage for $2,000 on Lots 121-122, Block 526, Subdivision D, District
Lot 54, Map S, of the City of Vancouver. He offers to sell it to you. State
in order the steps you would take to assure yourself that his title is good.
6 (c.)  Explain the legal effect of the " Personal Covenant" in a mortgage.
5. A rents a house from the Permanent Realty Co., agreeing to pay $50 a month.    He
pays a month's rent on Jan. 1, 1923, and occupies the house.
5 (a.)  On Jan. 23rd his furniture is damaged from frozen water-pipes.    Can he collect
damages from the company?   Discuss.
5 (b.)  On March 1st he pays the taxes, $65.    Can he withhold this from the rent?
Why?
5 (c.)  Having paid the rent on May 1st can he move out on May 31st?    Discuss fully.
6. Anderson, Brooks, Carver and Davis form a copartnership and sign a partnership
agreement in which Anderson becomes a " general partner," Brooks a " nominal
partner," Carver a " limited partner," and Davis a " dormant partner."
8 (.a.) Explain fully the powers and limitations of each partner.
5 (b.)  Carver and Davis while on a pleasure trip take advantage of a bargain and
buy a stock of goods for the firm. What legal effect would this action have
on the partners?
6 (c.) Anderson wishes to  retire frcftn the partnership.   How may  this be accom
plished? Can the other partners carry on the partnership without him?
Explain.
Statdte Law.     (Time, 2 hours.)
12       1. To whom would you write for a copy of the Bills of Exchange Act?
Tell exactly what you mean by the " Statutes."
Are all our laws in the statutes?
What, in addition to "making laws," does a government .do?    How does the Bills
of Exchange Act define the following:    (o)  A bill of exchange;   (6)  an inland
bill of exchange;  (c) a cheque;  (d) a promissory note?
10       2. " One draft pays two debts."
Draw a draft payable 60 days after date and accepted 6 days after date.   Explain
what two payments are made by it.
10 3. To what extent is each of the following liable for the full payment of the instrument:
(a) The maker of a note; (7)) the drawer of a draft; (c) the acceptor of a draft;
(d) an endorser of a note; (e) an endorser of a draft?
12       4. Explain clearly the difference between negotiability and assignability as applied to
bills and notes.
What restrictions are placed on the negotiation of overdue notes?
How does the Bills of Exchange Act define a holder in due course?
If a note or acceptance is not paid on maturity, what steps must the holder take?
How does the Statute of Limitations apply to bills and notes? F 180 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
20        «>. What is the purpose of Joint Stock Company organization?
Explain, briefly but clearly, how a company must be organized in British Columbia.
What information must be given to the government at the time of organization?
Wbat business records must be kept by the company?
What information must be submitted to the government annually?
What provision is made whereby shareholders can " keep in touch " with the affairs
of the business in which they hold stock?
What class of companies must obtain Dominion charters?
What are the advantages of Joint Stock Company incorporation?
Why should a government legislate in reference to company organization and management?
12       6. What are the directors of a Joint Stock Company?
What qualifications must they have?
How are they appointed?
What are their duties and powers?
How may they become personally liable?
How can this personal liability be avoided?
12 7. Give, preferably in tabular form, the position of each of the following in respect
to (a) sharing of profits and losses, (b) liability to creditors, (c) authority and
management: General partners, limited partners, holders of common stock,
holders of preference shares, bondholders.
12 8- What is meant by the following terms as used in the Companies Acts: Prospectus,
promoter, registered office, company limited, call, statutory meeting, proxy, extra-
provincial company, watered stock, cumulative stock, liquidator?
Accountancy Practice.    (Time, 3 hours.)
[Note to  Presiding  Examiner.—Please provide candidates  with Journal,   Gash  leaves   with
Five Columns, and Ledger paper.]
Value.
10 1. On May 30 you sold J. O'Connor goods invoiced at $180, terms 2y2% off in 10 days,
net in 20 days, and on June 1 you sold J. A. Hyslop goods invoiced at $220,
terms 2%% off in 10 days, net in 30 days. On June 10 you drew on J. A. Hyslop
at 10 days and on J. O'Connor at 20 days. You left J. A. Hyslop's draft at the
bank for collection; and you discounted J. O'Connor's draft at 7% and deposited
the proceeds. Draw the drafts as they appeared when left at the bank and give
complete journal entries.
10       2. The following is a summary of Brown and Jones' Balance Sheet:—
Cash     $   200       Ace. Pay   $1,200
Bank   1,600       Bills Pay        800
Ace. Rec  2,400       Brown—Cap     2,000
Bills Rec  1,800       Jones—Cap     3,220
Mdse  1,000
Off. Furn  220
$7,220 , $7,220
They form a Joint Stock Co. with authorized capital of $10,000. Brown is to receive
$2,200 fully paid capital stock and Jones $3,400 fully paid capital stock. Ames,
Lacy and Burton subscribe for $1,000 of stock each and pay 50% of subscription
in cash.    Show the Balance Sheet of the new Joint Stock Co. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 181
Value.
20       3. Enter the following items in a cash journal which has special columns for Bank,
Ace. Rec, Ace. Pay., and Cash Discounts:—
(1.)  Cash in hand $50.60 and in Bank $1,240.
(2.) J. White pays $60 on account by cheque.
(3.) T. Moore pays invoice of $260 less 2% by cheque.
(4.) We deposit Moore's cheque less yt% exchange and cash White's cheque,
no exchange.
(5.)  We pay Mason & Co.'s invoice $120 less 2%% by cheque.
(6.) We pay sundry items of expense $12 cash.
(7.)  We pay O. Jones on account cash $50.
(8.)  M. Knox pays his note due to-day by cheque $75.
(9.)  Discount J. McKay's note at Bank and deposit proceeds, face of note $80,
discount 60c.
(10.)  We pay freight on desk for the office $3 cash.
(11.)  M. Scott pays invoice of $60 less iy2% by cheque.
(12.)  We deposit cheques on hand,  exchange  on each  %%,  and  also  all  cash
except $25.
Close Cash Journal.    Post aud take off Trial Balance.
4. Journalize:—
2 (1.) Book debts are $2,400.   Provide a 2%% reserve for Bad Debts.
3 (2.) Draw on J. C. Carr for invoice $180 less 2% and discount draft at Bank,
discount 75c, exchange % of 1%.    Deposit proceeds.
3 (3.)  Draft on J. C. Carr above is dishonoured.    Protest charges $5 have been
charged your account.
3 (4.)  You have paid invoice of $600 less 2% to W. McDonald & Co., but on receipt
of the goods you find there is a shortage of goods invoiced at $50.
4 (5.)  Authorized Capital is $100,000, Subscribed Capital is $75,000, and Paid-up
Capital is $50,000, A further subscription of $15,000 capital is received
and later a call of 10% on all subscribed capital is paid in cash.
5 (6.)  You render Account  Sales to A.  Producer showing total proceeds of $260
and charges as follows : Cartage, $4.50 ; freight, $12.60; repairs, $2.60 ;
storage, $5; and commission, 5% on sales. You forward cheque $150,
balance on account.
40       5- From the following prepare Trading, Profit and Loss,  and Assets and Liabilities
statements:—
Cash in hand  $    220
Cash in Bank   8,600
Ace Rec  4,200
Ace. Pay  $ 2,600
Bills  Rec  1,600
Bills  Pay  2,100
Mdse. Inv. Jan. 1   16,200
Purchases     50,800
Sales    60,400
Purch. Returns  150
Sales Returns   80
Profit and Loss   190
Gen. Expense    820
Off. Salaries    3,400
Off. Furniture    400
Wages   1,200 Advertising      $ 1,000
Freight in  250
Duty    «.  120
Delivery   300
Int. & Disct   60                $       SO
Purch. Disct  550
Sales Disct  120
Rent     1,080
Light & Heat  . 620
Capital  (Paid up)     25.000
$91,070 $91,070
Inventories Dec 31—Goods on hand $16,600.    Interest accrued on Bills Rec $32 and
on Bills Pay. $40;  Rent due but not paid $20.
Write off 5% of Off. Furniture and provide a 2% Reserve for Bad Debts on Ace. Rec.
and Bills Rec.    Appropriate for a 4% Dividend and set aside $500 for Reserve
Ace. leaving balance to Cr. of Profit and Loss.
Accountancy Theory.    (Time, 2 hours.)   '
[Note to Presiding Examiner.—Please provide candidates with plain white paper.]
Value.
15        1. In making a Statement of Assets and Liabilities, what information would you obtain
from a Single Entry Ledger?   How would you obtain other requisite information?
Show a Balance Sheet as made from books of Single Entry, and give journal entry
to change to Double Entry.
10 2. At the end of a financial year a firm has met with no bad debts. It is decided, however,
to write off a certain percentage of Accounts Receivable as Reserve for Bad Debts.
How would a fairly accurate estimate be made as to what this percentage should
be?   Illustrate by figures.
10 3. You are to audit the books of your High School Athletic Association. What books
and vouchers would you expect to have handed over to you? If some vouchers
should be lacking or should not be satisfactory to you, what would you do to
assure yourself of the truth in the matter?
15        4. Make an Interest and Discount Account showing a debit of $60 and a credit of $80.
Enter an asset inventory of $4.20 and a liability inventory of $8.75;   then close
the account and leave it ready for entries of the ensuing period.
Explain fully the debit and credit of these inventories (1) for the period just passed
and (2) for the period to come.
10 5. What is the purpose of a Sinking Fund? How is a Sinking Fund Account opened
and how is it closed? During the continuance of the account on the books where
would it appear in the Balance Sheet?
10 G. Tell in a general way what you understand by Cost Accounting? What are the items
of cost that enter into Manufacturing Account? Rule an account and show cost
of manufacturing.
10 7. Rule a Share Ledger suitable for a Joint Stock concern where the shares are not
fully paid as yet and where transfers of stock occur from time to time. Make
a few entries to illustrate.
10 8. Rule a three-column ledger as on a card form. Enter the heading of the account
and make three entries. What are the advantages of this form and to what
lines of business does it specially lend itself?
10 9. Give reasons for dividing the Ledger. Show how the Sales Ledger may be made
self-balancing. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 183
Third-year Course, Technical.
Trigonometry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
\N.B.—Tables and squared paper are provided.^
Value.
16 1.  (a.) Define the cosine of an angle.
(6.) Find the secant of the angle whose tangent is — J.
(c.)  Draw the angle whose sine is —---_•
v 3
(d.) If sinA = f, find sin 2A and cos 2A.
16        2. On the same axes sketch the graphs of the following : y = cos x; y = 2 sin x.
Indicate briefly how you would draw y = 2 sin x - cos x.
14 3. In every triangle ABC show that:—
b2 + c2 - a2
(a.) cosAj
a — b
2be
{L) aT^ = ta4(A-B)tanJ0.
14 4. By using a formula adapted for logarithmic calculation solve the triangle whose
sides are 521, 381, 418 units respectively.
12 5. A rectangle ABCD turns in its own plane round B through an angle 6. Prove
that the distance of D from its original position is 2 J a2 + b2 sin \ 8 when
AD = a, AB = 6.
14 6. Two straight roads diverge at an angle of 35°. An automobile starts from the
fork in the road and runs 2.1 miles along one road when a cross-road is
reached. It turns into the cross-road and after running 1.4 miles comes to
the other road.    How far is the automobile from the starting-point 1
14 7. Three forces of 5, 6, 7 lb, weight respectively are acting at a point and are in
equilibrium.    Find the angle between the smallest and the largest force.
Electricity.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer eight only.]
1. Write a brief account of the modern theory of electricity.
2. Explain, with sketches, the winding of series, shunt, and compound-wound dynamos, specify
ing for what purpose each is most suited..
3. How would you' determine the magnetic declination and the magnetic inclination of your
city?
4. Describe a Daniell cell and show how local action and polarization are overcome.
5. State Faraday's laws of electrolysis.   Describe an  experiment to determine the electro
chemical equivalent of copper.
6. Describe, with sketch, an induction-coil.
7. A circuit consists of .5 ohms, 10 ohms, and 3 ohms connected in parallel.   What is the
combined resistance? A potential of 110 volts is applied to the terminals of such a
circuit. What current will flow? How will this current be divided among the various
branches? F 184 Public Schools Report. 1923
8. Define carefully:  Permeability, induction, saturation, hysteresis, Lenz's law.
9. Write, with sketch, a short account of the method of measuring the candle-power of electric
lamps. ,
10. Show by examples that you understand the use of vector diagrams and sine curves in the
study of alternating currents.
Mechanics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer eight only.]
1. Define the term "elasticity."    Use the following data in your answer:—
Load. Reading. Stretch.
i                                  0                                             .010 0
10                                             .090 .OS
20                                             .165 .155
30                                             .250 .240
0                                             .010 .000
2. Write a short account of " bending " as applied to beams.
3. Describe in detail any form of " micrometer " you have used.    Give clear sketches.
4. In an hydraulic press an effort of 35 lb. is exerted on the end of a lever whose leverage
is 14. Plunger diameter, 1% inches; ram, 10 inches; efficiency of press, 90%. What
pressure will be exerted on the ram?
5. A cast-iron body of weight 56 lb. is suspended by a string and wholly immersed in water.
Find the upward force on the weight and the tension of the supporting string. (Specific
gravity of iron = 7.2.)
6. A traction engine weighs 8 tons and is capable of drawing 30 tons along a level road.    What
will it pull up a road which is inclined at 1 in 100?    (Coefficient of traction, .02.)
7. The diameter of the piston of an engine is 20 inches;   mean steam-pressure is 60 lb. per
square inch; length of stroke is 30 inches; revolutions per minute, 20. It is found to
raise 100 cubic feet of water per minute to a height of SO feet. What is the efficiency
of the engine?
8. (a.)  Give the theory of the differential wheel and axle.
(6.)  A wheel 4 feet iu diameter revolves 100 times per minute.    Find its angular velocity.
9. Give the theory of the screw-jack by principle of work.    If P is 30 lb., W is 2 tons, leverage
of P is 20 inches, find pitch of screw.    (Efficiency of jack is 35%.)
10. Describe, with sketches, the suction-pump, force-pump, double-action force-pump.
Wood and Metal Work—Theory;
Woodwork.     (Time,  1%  hours.)
[Answer the three questions.]
Value.
10        1- Draw the plan of a hipped roof, making the drawing about 6" by 4".    Letter and
name the following members:   Purlins, jack rafters, common rafters, ridge.
25 2. Describe fully how you would obtain the lengths and bevels of the rafters by the
steel square.    Refer to the arms of the square as the blade and tongue.
15 3. Make a front elevation drawing of a small window 2' 6" high. Decide on a suitable
width and design the casings for same.    Scale y10" = l'. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 185
Metalwork.    (Time, 1% hours.)
[Answer the four questions.]
1. Explain carefully how you would proceed to cut 10 threads per inch on work between
centres, if the lead-screw of the lathe had 4 threads per inch.
Value.
20
10
15
2. Name the following parts of the lathe from the accompanying-
D, E, F, G, and H.
(Blue-print attached.)
blue-print:   A, B, C,
3. Explain how you would proceed to solder (a) tin plate, (&) galvanized iron.   Describe
tools and materials used and explain why they are used.
4. Tell what you know about annealing carbon steel.
Practical Machine-work.    (Time, 2 hours.)
50       !• Tbe working drawings for the year should be placed in a folder and laid on your
bench.   These will be collected aud marks awarded.
50       2. From stock supplied make problem to specified measurements.
3«
\F
& Threads U.J.J.    frSt-
Measurements  for   w/'cffh, /"   .OOZ F 186 Public Schools Report. 1923
Practical Sheet-metal Work.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
50 !• The working drawings for the year should be placed in a folder and laid on your
bench.    These will be collected and marks awarded.
50 2. Develop the pattern and construct a flaring pan as illustrated. Diameter of top,
&A" i diameter of bottom, 4%" height, 2%". A No. 12 wire to be enclosed in
the top edge.    Bottom to be double-seamed to the body.
Practical Woodwork.    (Time, 3 hours.)
50       1- The working drawings for the year should be placed in a folder and laid on your
bench.   These will be collected and marks awarded.
50       2. Construct a window-frame, 20" by 14", from the drawing given.
Draughting.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Project:   Make a free-hand sketch of the machine detail supplied and mark the measurements
thereon.    From this sketch make a finished drawing.
Physics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer eight only.]
1. Describe very carefully and give sketches of the way in which sound is transmitted through
air.
2. The velocity of sound through wood is much greater than through air.    Why?    How has the
velocity of sound through wood been determined?
3. What is meant by refraction?    How would you proceed to measure the refraction ratio of
air and glass?    What is this ratio called?
4. Prove the principal focus of a very small segment of a spherical concave mirror of very
small curvature to be sensibly midway between the surface of the mirror and its centre.
5. Explain what is meant by the mechanical equivalent of heat, and describe one method by
which it has been determined. 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 187
6. (a.)  State Newton's three laws of motion.
(6.)  From the second law derive the force equation,
(c.) Define " Poundal," "Dyne."
7. Describe the construction and theory of a mercury barometer.    Find height of barometer
when liquid used has a density of .8.
8. If 98 gm. of metal are heated to 100° C. and then dropped into 120 gm. of water at 10° C.
the resulting temperature is 16° C.   Find the specific heat of the metal.
9. («.) How would you determine in the laboratory the refractive index of a block of glass?
(&.)  Define refractive index of a medium.
(c.)  Define critical angle.
10. Write a short essay on the changes in volume and quantity of heat involved in each step
as a gram of steam at 100° C. and 760 mm. pressure is cooled to —10° C.
Value.
10
11
11
11
13
12
11
10
11
Geometry'.    (Time, 2% hours.)
1. If all the sides of a convex rectilinear figure are produced in order, the sum of the
exterior angles is four right angles.
2. Equilateral triangles ABH, ACK are described on AB, AC sides of a triangle ABC,
externally to the triangle.    Show that CH — BK.
3. Show that if two circles touch one another the point of contact lies on the line
joining their centres, or on that line produced.
4. Given a map 3 inches to the mile, explain how to construct a corresponding map
2 inches to the mile.    Make a neat diagram to illustrate your method.
5. From the following extract from a surveyor's field-book draw a plan to the scale
2 inches to 1 chain and find the area in acres:—
Links.
To  D.
260
115
28toC
90
72toB
To E 112.
40
From A.
6. Four circular coins of different sizes lie on a table, and each touches two and only
two  of the others.    Show  that the four points of contact  lie on  a circle.
7. A circular arch over a stream rises 3 feet at its highest point above the level of
the top of the vertical piers. If the distance between the piers is 20 feet, find
the radius of the circle of which the arch forms a part, and draw a diagram
to scale.
8. Draw a figure showing how a piece of paper must be cut and folded in order to
make a pyramid whose base is a rectangle of length 3 inches and breadth 2 inches,
each lateral edge being 2% inches.
9. AB, a side of a triangle ABC, is fixed in magnitude and position.    The vertex C
moves on a fixed line AX.    Find the locus of the orthocentre of the triangle ABC.
(The orthocentre is the point of intersection of the three perpendiculars drawn from
the vertices of a triangle to the opposite sides.) F 188 Public Schools Report. 1923
Chemistry.    (Time, 2 hours.)
[Questions are of equal value.   Answer eight only.]
1. Describe the manufacture of sulphuric acid.
2. If 2,000 kilograms of limestone are placed in a lime-kiln and heated, how much quicklime
is produced?   What volume of carbon dioxide at N.T.P. is produced?
3. How many litres of hydrogen at N.T.P. can be got by acting on 12 gm. of iron with sulphuric
acid?
4. Give the Le Blanc and Solvay's processes for the manufacture of sodium carbonate.
5. How would you test for the following:—■
(o.)  Chlorine, carbon dioxide, a sulphate, a chloride, a nitrate?
(6.)  Give equations.
6. If 0.53 grams of magnesium when burned in air produce 0.88 grams of magnesium oxide,
calculate a combining weight for magnesium, if that of oxygen is 16 grams.
7. How is hydrochloric acid produced on a large scale?
8. Write names for the substances represented by the following formula?:   NaCl, K20, NH3,
NA, P205, HC10, NaN02.
9. Calculate the weight of hydrogen in a vessel of 10 litres capacity filled at 756 mm. pressure
and a temperature of 18° C.
10. Define clearly:   Atomic weight, acid, alkali, compound equation, formula, crystallization.
Arithmetic and Algebra.    (Time,  2J hours.)
[JV.B.—Mathematical tables and graph paper are provided.]
Value.
12 1. (a.) Compute,  by contracted  multiplication and   division, the   value   of   3.214 x
0.7423^-79.37.
(b.) Find the percentage of glycerine iu a mixture of glycerine and water if
1 cu. cm. of mixture weighs 1.215 grams, given 1 cu. cm. of water weighs
1 gram, and 1 cu. cm. of glycerine weighs 1.264 grams.
12        2. Factor the following expressions :—
(a.)    a2 + 9a-52.
(6.)     ax3 - 4asx.
(c.)     (a2 + b2-c2)2-4a2b2.
(d.)    a2 - a(2b - 3c) - 66c.
(e.)     xi-2x+\.
r
12        3. Solve the equations :—
x     .  x - 1
(a.)  , + = 4.
x - 1 x
(b.)  3x+2y=ii. + l= -1.
x    y 14 Geo. 5
Part III.—Appendices.
F 189
Value.
12
4.  If y = ax  -bx" and y = 5S2 when a? = 0'51,and if y = 32'10 when a; = 0'98, find
a and b.
12
12
14
14
14
5. (a.) Find the value, correct to 3 decimal places of
(b.) If S = 4ttR2, and V=-,tR3, express S in terms of V.
when x= J3 + 1.
6. A pipe whose cross-section  is   12.5  square inches  is delivering   100 tons of water
per hour. If 1 cubic foot of water weighs 62| lb., find the volocity at which
the water emerges from the pipe. (1 ton = 2,240 lb.) Your answer must be
expressed in feet per second.
[Note.— You may omit one of the following questions.]
7. L is the latent heat of steam at a temperature of 6° C.    Find from the following
results of experiments the formula giving L in terms of 6 :—
6
75
90
100
115
125
L
554
544
536
526      519
8. A  is  the area in  square  yards of the cross-section of a  railway  cutting  at the
distance x yards along the railway from a certain point.
x                0
I
30  ;   60
90
120
150
A
110
120
143
125
112
95
What is  the approximate volume in  cubic yards  which must be  removed  from
x = 0 to a; =150?
9. Suppose you have reason to believe that the relation between two sets of observed
values of x and y is of the form y = ax where a and n are constants. How
would you test your supposition 1    How would you find a and n 1 F 190 Public Schools Report. 1923
Third-year Course, Household Science.
Drawing and Design.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Value.
50       1. The drawings for the year should be placed in a folder and laid on your desk.
These will be collected and marks awarded.
50 2. With the geometrical construction given below as a basis and any other forms you
may consider appropriate and pleasing, make a design for a lady's handbag
(12" by 8") to be decorated by embroidery. Show the character of the stitchery
and the colour scheme.
Cookery—Theory.    (Time, 2 hours.)
3 1. Give your method for preparing fruit-jars for use in the hot-pack method. Mention
the type of jar you are preparing.
2. Mention the principal points to observe in jelly-making under the following head
ings :—
3 (a.)  Choice of fruit, with reasons.
2 (b.) Amount of water to use.
3 (c.)  Cooking the fruit-juice after straining
3 (d.)  Sealing.
3. What cut or cuts of meat are most suitable for the following:—
1 (a.)  A jellied soup stock;
1 (&.) Pot roast;
1 (c.)  Oven roast?
5 4. Describe how one of the foods mentioned in question 3 would be cooked and give
reasons for the method. Mention the size of the cut and how many persons it
would serve.
10       5. Describe your method for preparing, cooking, and serving two of the following:—
(a.)  Spinach.
(&.) Carrots,
(c.) Beets. 14 Geo. 5 ■ Part III.—Appendices. F 191
Value. .       . ... .      '■ •
5       6. WHte a complete recipe for one of the following for serving six adults :—
(a.) Cream of carrot soup.
(6.)  Chocolate corn-starch mould,
(c.) Tapioca cream.
(d.) Baking-powder biscuits.
5        7. Describe your method and give reasons for it in one of the following :—
(a.)  Eggs soft-cooked in the shell.
(6.) Setting bread,
(o.) Baking custards.
3       §•  ("■•) Name the types of baking-powders in common use and give an example of each.
5 (6.)  Discuss their use from a health standpoint.
50       Marks for practical work.
Textiles, Dressmaking, and Millinery.    (Time, 2 hours.)
Textiles.
4       1. Give the characteristics of wool and silk.
(a.) Of what use is a knowledge of the characteristics when purchasing materials?
4       2. Explain the methods of adulteration of cotton, linen, silk, and wool.
4 3. How may adulteration in silk and wool be detected?
DRESSjMAKING.
3 4.  (a.)  Explain how standard commercial patterns should be used and how adapted to
the individual garment.
2 (b.)  Give the relative values of the drafted pattern and a standard commercial
pattern.
5 5. Plow would you prepare a plain separate skirt and a plain separate waist with a
set-in sleeve for a fitting?
15 6. Make a free-hand sketch of a costume which you consider suitable for a high-school
girl or a business girl.. Design should have individuality in construction and
trimming. Give details of materia], colour, trimming, and any explanation which
would be necessary to give a clear idea of the finished garment.
Millinery.
7        7. Explain the making of a buckram brim,
(a.) How is it made to turn up or down?
2       8. Give directions for putting a smooth taffeta facing on a flat brim.
4 9. What should each individual consider in selecting a hat?
50       Marks for practical work. F 192 Public Schools Report. 1923
Chemistry.    <Time, 2 hours.)
Value, •
18       !•  (°.)  Give an explanation of the following equations in terms of the atomic theory :—
OaC3+2 H20=Ca(OH)2+C2H2.
2 NaN03=2 NaN02 + 02.
CaO + C02=CaC03.
(&.)  Name the different substances represented in the foregoing formulae, painting
out the meaning of any significant prefixes and suffixes you may use in the
different names,
(c.)  What kind of chemical change is represented in each of the last two equations?
15 2. What are the three general methods of removing fat-stains from fabrics? Describe
each process in detail, indicating how the different cleansing agents act upon the
fat.
15 3. What is lustracellulose? Mention the different processes of preparing it, and
describe any one process fully.
12 4. Give the method of preparation and the properties of ammonia. Write equations
to show what occurs when (1) ammonia gas reacts with nitric acid, (2) ammonia
solution reacts with sulphuric aeid.
12 5. What purposes are served by the mercerization of cotton? Give a description of the
process.
18-       6. Discuss the theory of ionization.
10        7. Explain the following terms:  Acid radicle, valence, combustion, salt, basic oxide.
Physiology, Hygiene, and Home-nursing.     (Time, 2 hours.)
7       1. Write a comprehensive note on the location, general structure, function, and hygiene
of one of the following:—
(a.)  Tonsils.
(5.)  Kidneys,
(c.)  Lungs.
3        2.   (a.) Name the health habits most necessary to follow in order to keep the body
efficient.
3 (6.) At what age is it best to form health habits?   Give reasons for your answer.
5       3.'Discuss one of the following:—
(a.) Shoes for general wear.
(&.) Clean garments,
(c.)  Bathing.
(d.) The use of face-creams and face-powder.
7       4. Describe, with diagrams, the structure, function, and hygiene of the eye or the ear.
Home Sanitation.
5       1. Write a note on bacteria under the following headings :—
(a.) History and general description as to shape, size, method of growth, and
multiplication.
(&.) Explain the relation bacteria have to home sanitation. 14 Geo. 5 Part III.—Appendices. F 193
Value.
5        2. Write upon one of the following:—
(a.) The care of gas-range.
(6.)  The care of the refrigerator,
(c.)  The care of the basement or cellar.
(d.)  Disinfectants in the home,
(c.)  The kind, amount, and disposal of kitchen garbage in your own home.
Home-nursing.
5        1. Write on one of the following:—
(«.) The transfer of disease and how disease may be prevented.
(6.) Common colds—their prevention and home treatment.
(c.)  Tuberculosis of the lungs—its prevention, general symptoms, and treatment.
5        2. Write on one of the following:—
How to detect and deal with :   (a.) Ringworm.    (6.)  Pediculosis,    (c.)  Adenoids.
What steps would you take to prevent the trouble?
50       Marks for practical work.
Dietetics.    (Time, 2 hours.)
6        1. Discuss the following:—
(a.) The relation of physical work to food requirement.
0 (6.)  The relation of mental work to food requirement.
4       2. What are the chief points for consideration in determining the value of any food as
an article of diet?
12 After each point give your reason why it should be considered in determining food
value.
9       3.  (a.) Make a list of six common food materials that would be placed under the
following headings:—
Tissue building foods.
Fuel foods.
Foods valuable for vitamines A, B, and C.
Two foods noted for each vitamine.
Q (b.)  Discuss the use of one of the above food groups in the diet.
18       4. Discuss the source and use of three of the most important mineral elements in foods.
18        5. Discuss three of the following food habits :—
(a.) Eating meals very quickly with little or no table talk.
(6.) The use of commercial soft drinks as a beverage between meals.
(c.) The use of candy or sweets of a like nature.
(d.)  The use of chewing-gum.
(c.)  Very little or no leafy vegetables and few roots in the diet.
8       6. State what would be a fair allowance of meat and milk for one week for the following family:   Man (school-teacher);   woman (home mother) ;   girl (high school,
age 15) ;  boy (Grade VII., age 13) ;  girl (age 4).
Mention your authority for your answer.
13 F 194 Public Schools Report. 1923
Value.
7       7. Discuss one of the following:—
Food habits and suitable foods for a girl of 6 if she were:   (a.) Ten pounds
below average weight.    (6.) Ten pounds above average, weight.
6       8. Discuss one of the following:— •
(a.) "The more one has to economize the more necessary it is to use the required
amount of milk for the children,"
(&.) "The use of commercially canned goods is very often a great extravagance."
VICTORIA,   B.C.:
Printed by William EC.  Olllin, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1U23.

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