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PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31ST… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1924

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 PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
ANNUAL EEPOET
THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOUR
FOR the
YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31st
1923
printed by
authority op the legislative assembly.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Chaeles F. Banfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1924.  To His Honour Walter Cameron Nichol,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
The Annual Report of the Department of Labour of the Province for the year
1923 is herewith respectfully submitted.
A. M. MANSON,
Minister of Labour.
Office of the Minister of Labour,
June, 1921f. The Honourable A. M. Manson,
Minister of Labour.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit herewith my sixth Annual Report on the
work of the Department of Labour up to December 31st, 1923.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
J. D. McNIVEN,
Deputy Minister of Labour.
Department of Labour, Victoria, B.C.,
June, 1924. SUMMARY OF CONTENTS.
Page.
Report of the Deputy Minister   7
Welfare of ex-Service Men   7
New Legislation   9
Statistics of Trades and Industries   11
Industrial Pay-roll of the Province  11
Comparative Pay-rolls, 1922-23  12
Nativity of our Industrial Workers   13
Upward Tendency of Wages  14
Chart showing Fluctuation in Wages, 1918-23   16
Average Industrial Weekly Wage   17
Average Hours worked in Industry   18
Labour Disputes   33
Longshoremen's Strike   33
Co-operation of Employment Service   35
Government Employment Service  39
Business transacted during 1923   40
Chart showing Fluctuations in Business   41
Movement of Harvest-labourers to Prairies  42
Fruit-pickers recruited   42
Placements of Disabled ex-Soldiers   43
Government and Private Employment Agencies   43
Assistance to Female Immigrants   45
Inspection of Factories  46
Accident-prevention    46
Proper Lighting in Factories   46
Elevator Accidents and Risks   47
Prosecutions for Infraction of Law  47
Report of Minimum Wage Board  4S
Re-opening of Order covering Manufacturing Industry    48
Appointment of an Inspector  49
Cases taken into Court  -  49
Conniving at Violations of Law  - :  50
Summary of Orders of Board   50
Statistical Reports, 1919-23   54
Labour Turn-over in each Group   60
Associations of Employers  '.  62
Union Directory   64
Text of Act limiting Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings  *  76  REPORT OF THE DEPUTY MINISTER OF LABOUR
FOR 1923.
The year 1923 was a very favourable period for those dependent upon the industries of
this Province. Labour disputes were few in number, and though there was a big strike on the
water-front of our Coast cities in the latter part of the year, which involved a considerable
displacement of labour, it did not bring about any reduction in the pay-roll of the Province.
Dealing generally with all industries, a careful estimate shows that the pay-roll for the year
exceeded that of the previous year by at least $20,000,000. Most of the industrial groups afforded
an average increase in the wages of employees. In addition to these evidences of progress, we
have the undoubted fact that unemployment was far less serious in extent than in the past two
or three years. At certain periods of the year there were indications of an actual shortage of
labour, while in the winter months, when some slackening off may be looked for in our Important
seasonal industries, the number of persons out of work was noticeably less than in tbe average
winter. One result of this was that cases where assistance was needed were dealt with through
the normal channels by the municipalities, there being no acute unemployment crisis such as
in previous years had led to measures of relief being taken by the Governments of the Province
and the Dominion.
The Welfare of ex-Service Men.
Attempts have been made from time to time to interest employers in the welfare of ex-service
men who were wounded or who incurred disabilities during the late war. Early in the year a
special appeal was made by the Honourable Minister of Labour, who sent out the following
letter to over 3,000 employers of labour in the Province:—
February 1st, 1923.
To Employers of Labour in British Columbia.
Gentlemen,—It is my duty and desire to bring to your notice the present situation of a most
deserving 'class of our fellow-citizens. I refer to the large number of men in our midst who are
disabled through active service in the war, and who are at the present time without employment or
adequate means of support.
Recent inquiries made by the Department of Labour have revealed the fact that there are between
800 and 1,000 such men in this plight in the Province. They remind us of a duty which we cannot
ignore. Many of them, before the war, were apparently assured of safe positions in tbe professions,
in commerce, or in industry, and of every comfort for the rest of their days. They put these things
behind them. They made the sacrifice—a sacrifice known to all—I need not dwell upon it. They
have come back to us, maimed in body and broken in health, desiring nothing so much as to be able
to make a new start in life.
Many of these men find it impossible, in view of the handicaps from which they suffer, to look
for a return of the same measure of prosperity which they formerly enjoyed. But they do ask to be
allowed to serve the community in some useful capacity, in such a way as their strength and opportunity will permit.
So" far as the Government of the Province is concerned, it has been the constant aim to take into
the Civil Service as many returned men as could be placed. More than 80 per cent, of the men who
have been added to the Service during the past four years, by appointment and reinstatement, have
been returned soldiers. Of these, about 40 per cent, have disabilities, among whom are included over
twenty amputation cases. The Government, while it has thus been able to accomplish much, is
limited in this direction, and will therefore welcome any similar consideration by employers in our
various industries. Many firms have shown themselves fully alive to the importance of doing what
they can. Many have not even given the matter a thought. There is not a firm in British Columbia
that does not owe these men a greater debt by far than it ever owed the bank or can owe.
I therefore appeal to all employers of labour, large and small, to take the claims of these men
earnestly into consideration. There are, no doubt, many tasks which cannot be performed by men
suffering from' physical disability. But I believe it to be possible for many employers, who have
numerous men in their service, so to distribute the work of their industrial concerns as to reserve a
few positions that can be filled by partly disabled ex-soldiers. In the proper niche most of these men
can give full efficiency—but each must be in the proper niche. United endeavour will find the
appropriate berth for every man. The large industries of the Province have not by any means
exhausted their possibilities in the way of providing work and a livelihood for this class of men.
I do not suggest that employers should interfere with faithful servants already in their employ,
but I do ask that each employer of labour contribute towards the solution of this problem in two
ways: First, by rearranging the work of his establishment, wherever possible, so as to admit of at
least a small percentage of partially disabled men being taken into his service;   and, secondly, by G 8 Department of Labour. 1924
giving a preference to the disabled ex-soldier whenever a suitable vacancy occurs. Let us not be
mean about the matter. Let industry do, not the least it can do, but the most it can do. The most
it can do, while I am satisfied it will take care of the situation, is a mere nothing compared with what
these men did for industry in Canada. An employer should blush for shame who inquires of the
disabled man as to what his pension is if thereby he will be enabled to pay him a lesser wage. Fit the
man to the appropriate task and lie will give value in return.    .    .    .
. . . Every care will be taken by the Department of Labour to select men who will meet the
requirements of the employer, and only men with the ability to fill the positions assigned to them will
be sent out in response to an employer's requisition.
Let us unitedly follow the matter up. It is not a constitutional obligation of the Provincial
Government, but this Government is not concerned with the constitutionality of the.obligation. It is
concerned that British Columbia should take care of tbe man who made the sacrifice. Suppose that
there are a thousand of these disabled men; if industry does as it ought to do, in less than thirty days
there will not be one hundred unemployed.
I shall be pleased to receive from you an assurance that you desire and intend to co-operate with
the Department of Labour in this matter; and, what is more practical, an estimate of the number of
partly disabled men whom you expect to be able to place in employment, and a record of what you
have already done. The co-operation of the Department of Labour and its Employment Service will
be most gladly given in meeting the circumstances of each employer.
Hoping to hear from you at your earliest convenience,
I am,
Tours truly,
(Sgd.)  A. M. Manson,
Minister of Labour.
Many of the employers readily accepted their share of the responsibility for the employment of the men referred to, but others, unfortunately, paid little attention to the needs and
requirements of the men. It must, in fairness, however, be pointed out that the industries of
this Province are not such as to permit of the employment of more than a small percentage of
handicapped! men, and it is questionable whether the major industries are able to absorb the
men injured in those industries alone. It should also be borne in mind that the Coast section
of the Province, because of the comparatively mild climate, has been chosen as a domicile by
hundreds of handicapped men from other Provinces, frequently on the advice of medical practitioners who feel that the severe winter weather of the other Provinces is not conducive to
the speedy or permanent recovery of their patients. In consequence, the problem, particularly
in the Cities of Vancouver and Victoria, continues to be acute, and despite the efforts of the
various departments and other agencies that are active in behalf of this class of citizen, there
are still some who are, unfortunately, without permanent employment. The efforts in their
behalf which have been made by the Government Employment Service are dealt with in another
section of the report.
The Province and Labour Treaties.
In previous reports reference has been made to the position taken by this Province relative
to the obligations of Canada under the labour sections of the,peace treaties. These obligations
were defined at the International Conference held at Washington, D.C, in November, 1919.
Afterwards it was ruled by the Dominion Government that certain of the conventions adopted
were subjects for legislation hy the various Provinces. In accordance with this, our own
Provincial Legislature, in 1921, passed laws dealing with the hours of work in industrial
undertakings, the employment of women before and after childbirth, the employment of women
and children during the night, the night-work of young persons employed in industry, and the
minimum age for the admission of children to industrial employment. In. each of these Acts a
clause was inserted providing for its coming into effect at such time as a similar law should
be passed by the other Provinces of Canada. In the following session, however, it was enacted
that the " Maternity Protection Act" should be effective as from January 1st, 1922.
No similar laws were passed, however, by the other Provinces, and various conferences
and discussions had taken place without auy material change in the situation.
INTER-PROVINCIAL   CONFERENCE  AT   OTTAWA.
In September, 1923, the Dominion Government called a conference of representatives of
Dominion and Provincial Governments throughout Canada to further consider the questions
referred to. After reviewing the situation from every angle, the Government of this Province
decided that, as it had already enacted legislation dealing with the conventions, it was not
necessary to be represented on this occasion. 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 9
The Conference was held on September 24th, 25th, and 26th, all the Provinces being represented with the exception of British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. The official records
show that, while the representatives of the various Provinces viewed the subjects of the conventions in a favourable light, no definite action was taken.
New Legislation.
" Hottrs of Work Act:'—The date of the Conference, it will be noted, was prior to the last
session of our Provincial Legislature, at which the " Hours of Work Act," to come into operation
on January 1st, 1925, was passed. This measure will have far-reaching consequences, asi it
establishes the general rule of a legal eight-hour working-day .for practically all industrial
workers in the Province. The workers in coal and metal mines and smelters, whose working-
hours were already limited by previous legislation, are not affected, but among other industries
there are few exceptions to the operation of the Act. In many of these industries, as, for example,
the metal and building trade groups, a working-day of eight hours or less has been established
by custom; but in others, particularly the important group of lumbering industries, a longer
w7orking-day than eight hours has been prevalent. It is estimated that altogether some 35,000
or 40,000 workers in the Province, who have been working more than eight hours a day or forty-
eight hours a week, will have their working-hours curtailed under the Act. Exceptions to the
operation of the Act may be permitted on various grounds on sufficient cause being shown, and
employers and employees would do well to give attention to the sections which deal with such
exceptions. Important duties will be performed by the Board of Adjustment, consisting of three
members, with the Deputy Minister of Labour as Chairman. Up to the time of writing, the
other two members of the Board have not been appointed. In order that all persons interested
may have an opportunity of acquainting themselves with the provisions of the Act, its full
text is printed in subsequent pages of this report.
Amendment to " Shops Regulation Act."—A short Act which will have the effect of preventing a form of unfair competition with tradesmen was the " Shops Regulation Act Amendment
Act, 1923." Its principal sections give Municipal Councils power to issue by-laws requiring
that hawkers and peddlers shall not hawk, peddle, or sell any goods, chattels, or merchandise
within the municipality during the time shops within the municipality are closed by virtue of
this Act or the " Weekly Half-holiday Act."
Protection of Life in Coal-mines.—The " Coal-mines Regulation Act Amendment Act, 1923,"
is an Act extending the operation of a law already existing. Under the old Act the owner,
agent, or manager of a mine was obliged to report to the Inspector any accident involving loss
of life or any personal injury. The new Act calls for reports to be made in all cases of ignition
of gas or dust underground, other than ignitions of gas in a safety-lamp; all cases of fire underground; all cases of breakage of'ropes, chains, or other gear by which men are lowered or
raised; all cases of overwinding cages; all cases of inrush of water from old workings; or any
dangerous occurrence. Such reports are to be made whether personal injury or disablement is
caused or not. In a new section; penalties are provided for where any person knowingly makes
a false statement in any report or entry required under the Act. Another section substituting
a section in tbe old Act provides for more severe penalties than were formerly enforced, in
cases where offences against coal-mines regulation law have been committed.
Raising the Age for Employment.—An important change was made in the " Factories Act"
as affecting the employment of young persons. Under the old law the sections which forbade
the employment of children in factories had reference to boys under 14 years of age and to
girls under 15. The " Factories Act Amendment Act, 1923," however, altered the legal meaning
of " child," for the purpose of factories legislation, to mean either boys or girls under 15, thus
raising by one year the age at which boys may be employed.
Fire Brigades' Hours of Duty.—The " Fire Departments Two-platoon Act" and the " Fire
Departments Hours of Work Act," both of which were passed during the last session, constitute
a valued safeguard against the working of excessive hours by Fire Brigade officers g.nd employees. The first-named Act calls for the division of officers and employees into two platoons,
for work in accordance with one of two systems. A platoon may be kept on duty for twenty-
four consecutive hours, followed by twenty-four consecutive hours off duty; or, alternatively,
one platoon may be on duty for ten consecutive hours each day and the other for fourteen consecutive hours each night, the platoons to alternate between day and night duty at least once G 10
Department of Labour.
1924
in every seven days. Under the " Fire Departments Hours of Work Act " each Fire Brigade
officer and employee is entitled to be off duty for one full day of twenty-four hours each week,
in addition to the periods during which he is off duty under the provisions of the " Fire Departments Two-platoon Act." These two Acts are applicable to the Cities of Vancouver, Victoria,
and New Westminster, and to the Municipalities of South Vancouver and Point Grey.
Disputes during the Year.
A situation which caused considerable anxiety developed in the Coast cities in the latter
part of the year, when the longshoremen struck for higher wages and certain changes in the
agreement under which they had 'been working. During the progress of the dispute the Department acted with the representative of the Dominion Government in endeavouring to find a
solution of the difficulty. Unfortunately the feeling on both sides in the dispute was very
intense, and the work of conciliation did not hear immediate results, the dispute lasting for
more than two months. The issues involved and the progress of the dispute are dealt with at
length in another part of this report. Apart from this strike the labour disputes in the Province
during the year were unimportant. A threatened strike of street-railway employees in Vancouver in September was happily averted, an increase of wages being conceded by the employing
company.
Administering the " Minimum Wage Act."
In the administration of the " Minimum Wage Act," the Department has, during the past
year, taken a stronger line in dealing with employers who had disobeyed the orders made by
the Minimum Wage Board. Several of the worst cases where women and girls had been underpaid, or other infractions of the Act committed, were taken into Court and the Offenders fined.
In other instances restitution of the amount of underpayment has been made. A large number
of cases have required a ruling by the Board as to the amount of wages due, and as the result
of the decision the women affected have had their pay increased. Experience of the working
of the Act shows that the large majority of employers in the Province are willing to pay the
legal w7age or more, and the Board feels that it would be unfair to them, as well as to the
women workers, to allow a comparatively small number of employers to evade the conditions
laid down.
Disregard of Semi-monthly Payment.
From time to time complaints are received by the Department of cases where employers
of labour have not complied with, the " Semi-monthly Payment of Wages Act." Pressure has
been brought to bear upon the employers in question, and warning has been given of the consequences of such infraction. Usually such pressure has produced the prompt payment of the
wages due. In seeing that the provisions of the Act are observed, the Department would welcome
a larger measure of co-operation from the workers themselves. There is especially a risk in
allowing such cases to go unreported for a considerable time, while the arrears of w7ages due
are gradually accumulating. Any case, particularly in the remote parts of the Province, where
an employer has not complied with the Act should he notified to the Department of Labour
without delay. 14 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. , G 11
STATISTICS OF TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
At the beginning of each year the Department of Labour receives returns from industrial
employers throughout the Province, giving details as to the total pay-roll, rates of wages,
nationality, hours of labour, and fluctuations of employment of those in their employ during
the previous twelve months. It has been our practice to analyse these returns and make them
the subject of a report which, we believe, serves as a useful record, year by year, of the industrial
development of the Province.
A Larger Number of Returns.
Every year so far since the Department of Labour was established we have been able to
make a more comprehensive report than in the year preceding. This has been possible by
reason of the co-operation of employers of labour, the great majority of whom have responded
very readily to our request for information. For this we desire to tender our thanks, with a
reminder that this report might be published earlier each year if returns were made more
promptly, thus enhancing its value to the business community and to the general public. The
returns received for the past year number 3,375. The way in which the work has progressed
may be seen by the following record of returns received each year since 1918: 1918, 1,047;
1919, 1,207 ; 1920, 1,869; 1921, 2,275 ; 1922, 2,809; 1923, 3,375.
The steady increase in these numbers is gratifying to the Department, not only as a mark
of recognition of the value of its work, but also as a sign of the industrial progress of the
Province. Every year our list of industrial employers shows important changes. From time
to time names have to be removed, but a much larger number of new names are added, and
gradually but surely the Province is consolidating its position as an industrial centre.
The questionnaire sent out to employers this year was identical in form with that of twelve
months ago. The inquiries, as before, covered the period of a complete calendar year. In the
grouping of the returns, which are arranged under twenty-five heads, no change has been made.
The relation between the reports for the past two years is therefore near enough for purposes
of comparison.
Salary and Wage Payments.
Taking salary and wage payments, the total amount disbursed by the 3,375 firms last year
w7as $106,796,958.96. In the previous year a total of $86,192,190.73 was paid out by the 2,809
firms who made returns, and in 1921 $79,742,380.10 was paid out by 2,275 firms. The amount
paid to officers, superintendents, and managers, $8,837,773.64, represented an increase of
$1,107,148.91, or rather more than 14 per cent. The amount paid to clerks, stenographers, and
salesmen was $8,329,069.21, as compared with $7,137,149.61 in the previous year, an increase
equal to 15 per cent. A larger proportionate increase, however, was shown by the total paid
to wage-earners, $89,630,116.11, which shows an increase of 25% per cent, over the previous
year. Carrying the comparison over the last three years, we find that in 1921 the wage-earners
received 80 per cent, of the total salary and wage payments, in 1922 they received 82% per cent.,
and in the past year nearly 84 per cent, of the total, the proportion for officers, superintendents,
and managers being 8.28 per cent, and for clerks, stenographers, and salesmen 7.79 per cent.
In the past year most industrial firms have been doing a larger volume of business, but have
apparently not required to increase the amount of managerial and clerical help in the same ratio
as the increase in industrial workers. The salaries of the former are frequently in the nature
of overhead charges upon a business, which have to be maintained whether the works are
running or not.
The Province's Total Industrial Pay-roll.
It is perhaps not necessary to state that the totals given above, which are derived from
returns actually received by the Department, do not represent the entire industrial pay-roll of
the Province. If it were possible to include all operations of an industrial character, the
industrial pay-roll of the Province would be found to be, not $106,796,958.98, but somewhere
near $145,000,000. This latter estimate takes account of several classes of labour not included
in our returns. Among these may be mentioned butchering, cartage and teaming, coal and wood
yards, elevators and janitors, heating plants, moving-picture operators, warehouses, and whole- G 12
Department of Labour.
1924
salers. Again, the employees on the transcontinental railway systems in the Province, from
which we do not obtain returns, have a pay-roll estimated at $20,000,000, which sum, however, includes the wages paid to a number of persons engaged in deep-sea shipping who have
their homes in the Province. The Dominion and Provincial Government employees whose duties
are industrial or semi-industrial would account for a further pay-roll of between $9,000,000 and
$10,000,000. Added to this is a sum which cannot be estimated, of the pay-roll of those firms
engaged in the industries covered by our report, but who have omitted to make returns for the
past year. All these considered, it does not appear that the estimate of $145,000,000 is very
wide of the mark.
Where a Decrease is Shown.
While there has been a large increase in the industrial pay-roll of the Province as a whole,
six of the twenty-five industrial groups showed a slight decrease. These were the manufacture
of builders' materials, cigar and tobacco manufacturing, coal-mining, explosives and chemicals,
garment-making, and the miscellaneous groups. The decrease in the builders' materials group,
small as it is, is difficult to understand, since the building and contracting business gave evidence
of increased activity during the year.
Reduction in Island Coal Industry.
With reference to the other industries mentioned, there does not appear to be any particular
reason why they have not shared in the general advancement. In coal-mining there was a
noticeable falling-off in the pay-roll of the industry on Vancouver Island, which has been
attributed in some quarters to the increased use of fuel-oil for shipping. This falling-off, however, was almost balanced by an increase in the pay-roll of the mines in the Interior, particularly
in the Crow's Nest area, whose employees, it may be mentioned, are the most highly paid class
of industrial workers in the Province.
Comparative Pay-rolls.
For the purpose of comparing the pay-roll in the various industries for the past two years,
the following table has been prepared:—
Industry.
1922.
No.  ot
Firms
reporting.
Total Pay-roll.
1923.
No. of
Firms
reporting.
Total Pay-roll.
Breweries	
Builders' materials	
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting	
Explosives and chemicals	
Food  products	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Manufacturing jewellery	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods
Lumber industries	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining 	
Miscellaneous	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper mills	
Ship-building	
Smelting    	
Street-railways, etc	
Manufacturing wood (N.E.S.)	
Totals	
23
53
9
18
80
716
20
255
55
30
15
51
44
667
333
126
9
89
9
31
3
62
51
2,809
$  446.
1,274
94.
9,470,
4.06S,
9,783,
484,
6,584,
765,
397,
246,
1,022,
412,
23,827,
3,634,
3,700,
1,262,
542,
184,
2,375,
3,639,
946,
2,932,
7,048,
1,045,
424 81
,969 24
,319 78
,551 72
,735 63
,516 69
.335 84
,844 60
,692 63
416 30
,179 10
161 39
,798 23
,204 89
,162 75
,007 59
027 58
.267 58
,969 28
803 98
680 95
530 73
768 19
,906 65
914 69
26
55
7
20
102
797
22
309
70
38
14
61
46
922
378
161
54
7
13
99
11
30
4
73
56
$86,192,190 73
3,375
564
1,192
61
9,460
5,079
11,000
481
7,141
753
479
263
1,117
430,
35,268,
3,970,
6,173,
1,217,
558,
226.
2,690,
4,819,
1,176,
3,782,
7,406,
1,478,
388 96
,471 64
459 91
416 63
427 44
,574 14
796 19
380 55
114 63
,463 89
878 84
436 19
515 84
880 16
987 58
426 26
799 49
634 77
589 17
755 12
791 77
806 25
253 88
183 20
536 43
$106,796,958 96 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 13
A Large Increase in Lumbering.
Again, as last year, the highest increase is shown; in the lumbering group, which is also by
far our largest industry in the Province, accounting for nearly one-third of the entire industrial
pay-roll. Salaries and wages in this industry show an increase of between $11,000,000 and
$12,000,000, or nearly 50 per cent., over the previous year. This is largely accounted for by the
advance in the export business of the industry, which has been progressive during a period of
years. In the past year the demand from abroad was stimulated; by the results of the earthquake in Japan, but it is quite certain that British Columbia lumber is winning its way into
the markets of many countries. In this field there is much to be done before it can equal the
demand for the rival products of the neighbouring States, but there seems every reason to
expect that we shall gradually overhaul them in the volume of business transacted.
More Logging and Milling.
Last year was a period of great activity in all branches of the lumber industry; but, while
the pay-roll in the logging branch increased by 46.99 per cent., the pay-roll in other branches,
including sawmills, planing-mills, shingle-mills, etc., increased by 48.90 per cent. From this
it would appear that the big increase in the cut of logs last year was pretty well absorbed by
our own mills, and that the export of raw logs, as compared with 1922, was practically stationary.
Industries which show an Advance.
Most 6f our other industries showed an appreciable advance last year. In the Coast shipping
group the wage total was over a $1,000,000 more than in 1922. The main factor in bringing
about this increase was the longshoring activity in Vancouver in the latter part of the year,
when record quantities of wheat were being shipped. This activity coincided with the period
of an extensive strike. In the contracting groups, also, there was an increase of more than
$1,000,000 in the pay-roll, the increase being fairly well distributed among various branches of
the industry in different parts of the Province. Under the head of " Manufacture of Food
Products," fruit and fish canneries had a somewhat reduced wage-list, but this was more than
made up by the increased pay-roll of bakeries, jam and candy making, creameries and dairies,
cereal milling and packing houses. Metal-mining made a big jump, increasing its pay-roll by
nearly $2,500,000, and smelting showed a corresponding increase of about $850,000. These
industries experienced a very satisfactory recovery after the comparatively quiet period through
which they had been passing, and a comparison of the last two years' figures for the pulp and
paper industry tells a similar story. The shipyards of the Province, which had been reducing
their pay-roll each year since 1919, evidently touched the low point in 1922, as last year showed
an increase of $230,000. This is probably explained by the increased amount of repair-work
given by ship-owners to British Columbia firms. With the approaching completion of dry-dock
projects, work of this kind should fill a larger place in our industrial outlook.
Seasonal Fluctuations.
The most important industries in this Province are, in their nature, very subject to seasonal
fluctuations, and this is shown in the table giving the average number of wage-earners month
by month. The 3,375 firms whose record is now under review had 55,335 men in their employment in the month of January. This1 number increased every month until August, when a
total of 71,274 was reached. From then there was a small decline each month until November,
followed by a drop between that month and December from 66,050 to 60,668, a period which
probably marked the closing-down of many camps for midwinter and suspension of much outdoor
work. There has been, however, in the last two years a welcome tendency to shorten the duration of the winter stoppage of work, and this has had the effect of lightening the trouble caused
by unemployment.
The Percentage of Oriental Workers.
In the tables headed " Nationality of Employees," figures are given which show the countries
of origin of the workers in our various industries. As in the other tables, the figures for 1923
are higher all round than those for 1922.   The proportions of the different races, however, do G 14 Department of Labour. 1924
not vary much from those of last year. Of the total, 34.55 per cent, were native Canadians and
30.29 per cent, natives of the British Isles. Combining the numbers of Canadians, British, Americans, and Australians, we find that 69.61 per cent, of our workers were natives of English-
speaking countries. By grouping together the Chinese, Hindus, and Japanese, we find that 13.85
per cent, of our workers belonged to Asiatic races, as compared with 14.61 per cent, in 1922.
The percentage of Orientals, taking all industries into account, is the lowest recorded in the
past six years. In 1918 (before the close of the war) they formed 20.37 per cent, of our male
industrial workers. In subsequent years the percentage declined to 18.35 in 1919, 16.64 in 1920,
and 14.45 in 1921. The next year, 1922, showed a slightly higher percentage, 14.61, but this
year there is another fall, to the lowest level yet recorded since these returns began to be made
to the Department.
Where Our Industrial Employees come from.
The balance of our workers are nearly all from Continental Europe, which supplies us with
rather more of our industrial labour than we receive from the Orient. Of the European countries
the largest contribution comes from Scandinavia, most of these people being attracted probably
by the prospect of making good wages in the lumbering industry, with which they have been
familiar in their own land. On the other hand, few, if any, of the-British immigrants to Canada
have had experience in the lumbering industry before coining here. Consequently, Great Britain
supplies a much smaller proportion of workers to this than to most of our other industries,
though the proportion is a rising one.
The industrial workers of the Province may be conveniently divided into the following
groups :—
Per Cent.
Natives  of  English-speaking  countries     69.61
Natives of Continental Europe     15.45
Natives of Asiatic countries     13.85
From other countries, or nationality not stated       1.09
Total  100.00
Taking into consideration all the industrial groups, we find that there are more workers
of Canadian than of British birth in lumbering, cigar and tobacco manufacturing, the manufacture of various food products, -manufacturing jewellery, the metal trades, metal-mining, printing
and publishing, pulp and paper manufacture, and manufacture of wood (not elsewhere specified).
The British workers, however, outnumber the native Canadians in breweries, the production
of builders' materials, coal-mining, Coast shipping, the building and contracting group, explosives
and chemicals, garmentjmaking, house-furnishing, laundries, cleaning and dyeing, manufacturing
leather and fur goods, oil-refining, paint-manufacture, ship-building, smelting, and the public
utilities group.
Fewer Orientals in Sawmills.
Of our industrial workers of Asiatic origin, the majority are engaged in one branch or
another of the lumbering industry. Thus 22.34 per cent, of our lumber-workers are Orientals.
The proportion is rather lower than last year's, which was 25.63 per cent. This decline is caused
entirely by the lowering of the proportion of Orientals in sawmills from 39.82 per cent, in 1922
to 33.95 per cent, in 1923. In all other branches of the lumbering industry the percentage of
Oriental workers has been raised, in logging from 5.34 ta 7.96, on logging-railways from 9.62 to
14.95, in planing-mills from 30.30 to 38.04, and in shingle-mills from. 53.68 to 56.13.
A Tendency towards Higher Wages.
In our last annual report we indicated a probability that the gradual tendency to lower
wages, which had been going on for more than two years, would be reversed in 1923. This
expectation has been fulfilled. By a singular coincidence, whereas nineteen of the twenty-five
industrial groups registered an average decrease of wages and six an increase during 1922, in
1923 nineteen registered an increase and six a decrease, the net result being an average all-round
increase of about 2% per cent. In this calculation only male workers over 18 years of age are
considered, as the wages of female workers are dealt with in another section of the report. 14 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. G 15
The weekly increases and decreases are shown in the following table:—
Increase. Decrease.
Builders' material  1.22        Breweries   0.05
Coal-mining  1.00        Cigar and tobacco manufacturing  1.98
Coast shipping  2.93        Food-products manufacturing   1.78
Contracting  0.25        Laundries   1.04
Explosives and chemicals   0.50        Miscellaneous  0.08
Garment-making   2.57        Street-railways, gas, water, etc  0.99
House-furnishing  0.41
Lumber industries  0.63
Manufacturing jewellery   2.65
Manufacturing leather and fur goods- 0.06
Metal-mining   1.24
Metal trades   0.31
Oil-refining   0.08
Paint-manufacturing  1.34
Printing and publishing  1.86
Pulp and paper manufacturing  2.02
Ship-building    0.33
Smelting    4.25
Manufacturing of wood (not elsewhere
specified)  0.10
From these figures it would appear that there were, in most of our industries, large numbers
of workers who were being paid higher wages in 1923 than were being paid for the same class
of work in 1922. A notable instance of this was the smelting industry. Regarding the decrease
shown in the public utilities group, it may be mentioned that the figures supplied to the Department were for the " week of employment of the greatest number," which, in the case of one of
our largest companies, happened to be a period prior to September, when a large number of
men were conceded an increase in wages. One industry which has not followed the general
tendency is that of laundries, cleaning and dyeing, in which a general lower average of wages
was recorded for the third year in succession.
The changes in the prevailing Industrial rates of wages in the Province during the past
six years are shown in diagram on the opposite page.
Unskilled Workers receiving more.
The main feature of the movement of wages during 1923 was the advance in pay of those
who had been receiving less than $20 a week. It is evident that the principal person to benefit
was the unskilled worker, though other classes participated somewhat in the general advance.
The average wage of adult males in each industry has been worked out, for the purpose
of comparison with the three previous years, on the basis of the classified weekly wage-rate.
There has been no change in the plan adopted. Employers were asked in our questionnaire to
give the number of wage-earners within specified limits, hut were not asked to give exait figures;
so that the 8,448 wage-earners receiving $24 to $24.99 weekly will no doubt include some who
received $24, some $24.25, some $24.50, some $24.75, etc.; while the 12,673 receiving $;>0 to $35
weekly would be made up, in proportions which cannot be determined, of those receiving $30,
$31, $32, $33, $34, etc. For the purpose of making an average it has been assumed, where
steps of $1 were given in our table, that " $24 to $24.99," for example, meant $24.50; and, where
steps of $5 were given, that $30 to $34,99, for example, meant $32. Lest these assumptions
should be considered to err on the side of generosity, " $50 and over "■ was taken in all cases
to mean $50 only. G 16                                           Department of Labour.                                            1924
Under
Weekly          Percentage
Wages.          Employees.
$15  00..  2.64%
a     o      a     g
<N                    s«                     5?                    S7?
tn           0
3 3
O    p
8 °" g
20 to    24 99 25.78%
25 to    29  99 19.19%
M.     <$      ff
rt-   &    M
m
(0
35 tc
30 99 13.71%
2. tf 8
Ca
^ B
w
50 a
s- ro a
2 » s'
Under   $15 00  2.40%
$15 to    19 99 10.19%
20 to    24 99 23.69%
25 to    29 99 21.64%
30 to    34 99.. ......16.74%
35 to    39 99 15.13%
40 to    44 99  5.23%
45 to    49 99  2.60%
50 and over   2.29%
Under   $15 00  0.79%
$15 to    19 90   4.85%
sr S-'w
►1    M   O
<<  -3   p
<D    CP    m
p    1    rt
""""■
^
"* <g (t>
mmmr
CO
-i s p
Jym"
CD     rt    hj*
(0
"   os   m
3 ^ a
o   p  »       Q
2. p M     K
<  rt o      (►
g'   p    rt.        H
w  o- 5     „
s?o     W
® c^ "     2
29 99 23.80%
34 99 19.98%
39 90 17.89%
44 99  9.24%
49 99  4.58%
—
S3   '—'   —^      m*
a   B   B       Si
no   (p   ®       Ci
(0
35 to
ru
»   rt  m      M
a>   ®  ,2       S
40 to
/•\
45 to
u
51 m a     °
■ ■■
■3 -5 SS     d
$15 00  4.35%       ■
19 99 „ 13.14%       i
24 99. 24.62%       ■
29 99 22.52%        ■
34 90 15.06%       i
39 90 11.52%       i
44 99  4.87%
c-r ?;     H
Under
$15 to
"■
SKZ
Bi    O               g
W   rt-   ^           m
£  0  t     55
25 to
30 to
35 to
__
-            to
%3           CD        P-
50     tJ    rt          P5
IU
m    *   **1
._'
pj   *Z3    "         mi
$15  4.64%,        i
ld under $19 99..16.94%       ,
24 99..25.48%       ,
29 99-20.15%       ,
34 99-13.20%
39 99    9 69%       ,
S   £   fie       °°
02, 0   m       1-3
a" ^°   i_i       0
•    3  g,     M
$15 ai
g |   5
20
M     3               CO
25
_-_«._.
Mi
^ cd
30
(0
35
T
IV
40
44 99- 4.37%       ,
"T
w
:::
t? ro
50   nnd   nvpr                        RWi,
ir-
Sg
M p
$15  2.91%       ,
id under $19 99-13.66%
24 99.-28.01%
29 99.-19.90%
34 99-14.38%
0 1
...
CD
O    rt
2 "3
$15 at
20
25
.-...J.-4-j-
—
5. 2
r^ cc
30
1
(0
0  B
35
39 99-10.23%       ,
44 99.. 4.79%       ,
TT
w
^ rt
40
/ll
£ 5
45
49 99- 2.40%       ,
50  a
id over  3.72%       ,
00    Pi
rt   O
in           o           j-fj           ru           ro           ui
*         °         $         8         III         6
2. 3
p  P
• 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 17
As the same method of computation has been adopted for each of the last four years, the
comparisons in the following table may be taken as entirely fair:—
Average Full Week's Wage in each Industry (Adult Males only).
Industry.
1919-20.
1921.
1922.
1923.
Breweries   	
Builders' materials  	
Cigar and tobacco manufacture	
Coal-mining 	
Coast shipping	
Contracting	
Explosives, chemicals, etc	
Food products (manufacturing of).--	
Garment-making	
House-furnishing	
Manufacturing jewellery —	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Manufacturing leather and fur goods .....
Lumber industries	
Metal trades —	
Metal-mining	
Miscellaneous trades and industries...	
Oil-refining  	
Paint-manufacture	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, telephones, etc
Manufactures of wood (not elsewhere specified)...
$28 27
31 65
32 48
37 64
26 81
31 61
31 53
29 72
36 14
28 79
34 20
28 42
28 81
32 47
31 14
35 96
28 24
28 52
27 23
35 79
35 18
28 11
36 44
32 81
27 46
$28 67
28 82
23 97
32 83
28 45
28 82
26 34
25 67
29 38
26 00
33 54
27 32
29 85
24 70
30 33
32 00
28 40
35 73
24 14
36 30
25 41
29 87
31 98
29 55
23 48
$26 62
25 61
25 30
35 96
25 43
28 06
26 13
27 39
27 28
24 23
30 90
26 11
26 67
25 29
27 73
30 97
25 91
32 63
21 79
36 23
25 88
25 55
29 91
30 41
23 12
$26 55
26 83
23 32
36 96
28 36-
28 31
26 63
25 61
29 85
24 74
32 65
25 07
26 73
25 92:
28 04
32 21
25 83
32 71
23 13
38 09
27 90'
25 88
34 16'
29 42
23 33
The averages are calculated from figures supplied by each firm for the " week of employment of the greatest number," and represent the pay for a full week's work. Actual weekly
earnings in many cases at certain periods of the year would be lower owing to stoppages or
broken time. On the other hand, many employees would receive larger amounts at periods when
overtime was being worked.
By pooling the figures for all the above industries, and taking into account the respective-
numbers employed in them, we arrive at the following:—
Average Industrial Weekly Wage for all Adult Male Wage-earners,
as computed from Returns.
1918   $27 97
1919      29  11
1920  31  51
1921  27 62
1922  27 29
1923   28 05
The Average Working-week.
The statistics of hours of work show an average working-week in our industries of 51.46
hours. The workers included in this part of the return numbered 90,696, of whom 16,498 worked
less than 4S hours weekly, 30,980 worked 48 hours, and 43,218 worked more than 48 hours weekly.
This last number included 3,546 workers engaged in metal-mining, who work from over 4S and
up to 56 hours weekly under an eight-hour law which permits of work being carried on seven
days in the week. There are also included 1,893 workers in smelting, which is a continuous
process, the normal period of work being eight hours daily in a seven-day week. These workers
are not affected hy the new " Hours of Work Act," nor are those engaged in Coast shipping or
in dairying, of whom, respectively, 1,690 and 237 have a working-week of more than 48 hours.
Scope of the New " Hours or Work Act."
Allowing for these exceptions, there are approximately 35,000 workers in the Province with
a working-week of more than 48 hours, who will be affected by the provisions of the " Hours
2 G 18
Department of Labour.
1924
of Work Act" passed in the recent session of the Legislature, and which comes into effect on
January 1st, 1925. Their working period ranges from 49 hours weekly to, in a few cases, as
much as 98 hours, their average being in the neighbourhood of 57 hours weekly, xlt present
there are no data available for estimating how many of them would be entitled to " permanent
exemption " from the operation of the Act, or how many would be affected by " temporary exceptions," or treated as "exceptional cases" under regulations made by the Board of Adjustment.
The following table will afford a ready means of comparing the hours of work prevalent in
the various industries :—
Average Weekly Working-hours in each Industry, 1923.
Industry.
No. of
Plants
reporting.
No. of
Workers.
Average
Hours.
Breweries	
Builders' material —
Cigar and tobacco manufacturing	
Coal-mining	
Coast shipping	
Contracting  	
Explosives, chemicals, etc	
Food products, manufacture of	
Garment-making	
House-furnishings, manufacture of	
Jew7ellery, manufacture of	
Laundries, cleaning and dyeing	
Leather and fur goods, manufacture of.
Lumbering—
Logging	
Logging-railways	
Mixed plants 	
Lumber-dealers —	
Planing-mills	
Sawmills	
Shingle-mills 	
Metal trades	
Metal-mining '.	
Miscellaneous trades and industries	
Oil-refining	
Paint-manufacturing	
Printing and publishing	
Pulp and paper manufacturing	
Ship-building	
Smelting	
Street-railways, gas, water, power, etc.
Wood, manufacture of (N.E.S.)	
55
7
20
102
797
22
309
70
38
14
61
46
550
20
22
9
21
233
67
378
161
54
7
13
99
11
30
4
73
56
347
963
99
5,469
3,305
11,689
253
8,253
775
382
105
1,166
370
17,128
652
1,081
386
808
11,885
2,896
2,763
4,736
860
251
139
1,081
2,708
1,402
1,924
5,185
1,452
49.16
53.22
44.32
47.84
57.35
48.98
49.88
53.90
45.34
45.52
44.51
48.29
48.19
50.86
53.77
55.07
53.76
55.10
55.46
55.49
46.23
53.92
49.38
48.69
44.43
45.30
54.72
44.07
55.86
47.31
50.46
Large Employers in the Province.
Mention has heen made in the reports for the last two years of the number of large industrial
firms in the Province with a pay-roll of over $100,000 for the year. In the returns for 1921
there were 118 such firms included, in 1922 the number was 164, and for the year 1923 returns
have been sent in by 200 firms with a pay-roll of over $100,000. Eleven of these had a pay-roll
of over $1,000,000. No account is taken of any public authorities, Dominion, Provincial, or
municipal, or of the transcontinental railways, wholesale and retail merchants, and deep-sea
shipping. The biggest improvement has again been shown by the lumbering group of industries,
which had exactly 100 firms with a pay-roll of $100,000 or over, compared with 79 in 1922 and
47 in 1921. Others were in the following groups: Breweries, 1; producers of builders' material,
3 ; coal-mining, 12 ; Coast shipping, 9; contracting, 11; explosives, chemicals, etc., 2; manufacture
of food products, 14; house-furnishing, 1: manufacture of jewellery, 1; laundries, cleaning and
dyeing, 2; metal trades, 6; metal-mining, 10; oil-refining, 1; paint-manufacturing, 1; printing
and publishing, 5; pulp and paper manufacturing, 5; ship-building, 4; smelting, 2; street-railways, gas, water, etc., 7; manufacturing wood (not elsewhere specified), 2; and miscellaneous, 1.
This list serves to indicate the diversified nature of the industries carried on in the Province. 14 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 19
CONTENTS OF TABLES.
With regard to the tables immediately following-, the general
headings of such tables are given hereunder and the trades included under each heading:—
No. 1. Braveries.—Under this heading are tabulated mineral-
water manufacturers and breweries.
No. 2. Builders' Material, etc.—Includes manufacturers of
brick, cut stone, Portland cement, lime, tiles, and firebrick ;
also stone-quarries and dealers in sand, gravel, and crushed
rock.
No. 3. Cigar and Tobacco Manufacturing.— Comprises only
these trades.
No. 4. Coal-mining.— This group contains also the operation of
coke-ovens and coal-shipping docks.
No. 5. Coast Shipping.—Includes the operation of passenger
and freight steamships, stevedoring, tug-boats (both general
and towing logs), and river navigation, but does not include
the operation of vessels in the offshore trade.
No. 6. Contracting. — Here are grouped building trades, painting and paper-hanging, plumbing and heating, and sheet-
metal works ; also contractors for industrial plants, structural-steel fabricating, railway-fencing, sewers, pipes and
valves, dredging, pile-driving, wharves, bridges, roofing,
and automatic sprinklers. Firms making return as building
contractors, constructors of dry-kilns, refuse-burners, mills,
brick-furnaces, electrical contractors, hardwood and sanitary floor-layers, and bricklayers.
No. 7. Explosives, Chemicals, etc. — Includes the manufacture
of these commodities, also the manufacture of fertilizers.
No. 8. Pood Products, Manufacture of.—This table includes
bakeries, biscuit-manufacturers, cereal-milling, creameries
and dairies, fish, fruit and vegetable canneries, packinghouses, curers of ham and bacon, blending of teas; also
manufacturers of candy, macaroni, syrup, jams, pickles,
sauces, coffee, catsup, and spices.
No. 9. Garment-making.—Includes tailoring,'the manufacture
of buttons, pleating, embroidery, etc., jute and cotton goods,
shirts, overalls, knitted goods, millinery and ladies' outfitting.
No. 10. House Furnishings.—Comprises firms engaged in the
manufacture of furniture, beds and bedding, springs and
mattresses, upholstering, and carpet and linoleum laying.
No. 11. Jewellery, Manufacture of.— Includes the repair as well
as manufacturing of jewellery and watches and optical
instruments (where same is carried on in a factory).
No. 12. Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing.—Includes these industries only.
No. 13. Leather and Fur Goods, Manufacture o/.—Comprises
manufacturers of boots, shoes, gloves, harness, trunks, and
leather Indian novelties; also "furriers and hide and woo
dealers.
No. 14. Lumber Industries.—In this group are included logging, logging-railways, planing-mills, sawmills, shingle-mills,
and lumber-dealers.
No. 15. Metal Trades.— This group includes marine blacksmith-
ing, oxy-acetylene welding1, boiler-making, iron and brass
foundries, garages, vulcanizing, machine and pattern shops,
galvanizing and electroplating; also manufacturers of
handsaws, nuts and bolts, pumps, marine engines, mill
machinery, and repairs to same.
No. 16. Metal-mining.— Includes all metalliferous mining.
No. 17. Miscellaneous Trades and Industries.—Here are
grouped returns from trades which are not numerous
enough to warrant special categories. They include manufacturers of soap, sails, tents, awning, brooms, paper boxes,
and tin containers ; also cold storage.
No. 18. Oil-refining.—Includes also the manufacture of fish-oil.
No. 19. Paint-manufacturing.—Includes also white-lead corro-
ders and varnish-manufacturers.
No. 20. Printing and Publishing.—This table includes the
printing and publishing of newspapers, job-printing, paper-
ruling, bookbinding, engraving and embossing, blue-printing, lithographing, draughting and map-publishing, and the
manufacture of rubber and metal stamps.
No. 21. Pulp and Paper Manufacturing.—-Comprises only
firms engaged in that industry.
No. 22. Ship-building.— Comprises both wooden- and steel-ship
building and repairing, also construction and repair of small
craft, and salvage.
No. 23. Smelting.— Comprises firms engaged exclusively in that
industry.
No. 24. Street-railways, Gas, Water, Power, etc.—This group
comprises generating and distribution of light and power,
manufacture of gas, dissolved acetylene and oxygen ; also
includes gasolene lighting and heating devices, and supply
of water to municipalities.
No. 25. Wood, Manufacture of {not elsewhere specified).—Here
are grouped manufacturers of sash and doors, interior finish,
water-proof ply-wood, veneer, store and office fittings,
barrels, boxes, ships' knees, ready-cut buildings, wooden
pipes and tanks, wooden pulleys, wooden toys, caskets,
coffins, and undertakers' supplies.
Table No.  1.
BREWERIES.
Returns covering 26 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $118,514 75
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     58,948 58
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    386,925 63
Total $564,388 96
Average Number of Wage=earners.
Month.
Males.
January	
February 	
April	
May	
238
222
232
280
300
349
June	
Month.       Males.   Females.
July	
August	
September .
October	
November ..
December...
366
380
349
304
292
288
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
2
1
2
6
1
2
$ 6.00 to $ 6 99...
7.00 to     7.99...
1
1
8.00 to     8.99...
1
9.00 to     9.99...
11.00 to   11.99...
1
12.00 to   12.99...
2
2
13 00 to   13.99...
14 00 to   14 99...
8
6
1
15.00 to   15.99...
4
1
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17 99. ..
18.00 to   18.99...
4
7
1
1
20.00 to   20.99  ..
19
. 4
8
35
23
74
22
22
i
3
49
6
11
4
3
1
1
21 00 to   21.99.
22.00 to   22.99.
23 00 to   23.99..
25.00 to   25.99...
26.00 to   26.99.
27.00 to   27.99.
28.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35 00 to   39.99..
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria    	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ..,
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
145
196
14
3
2
2
15
7
Weekly Hours of Labour.
2 at 42 hours. 6 at 51 hours.
23 at 44      ti 5 at 52      „
7 at 45     n 10 at 54     „
146 at 48     ii 22 at 56     n
126 at 50     «i G 20
Department op Labour.
1924
Table No. 2.
BUILDERS' MATERIAL—PRODUCERS OF.
Returns covering 55 Firms.
Cable No. 3.
CIGAR AND TOBACCO MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 7 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 151,010 50
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  53,685 25
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  987,775 89
Total $1,192,471 64
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 14,689 52
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     10,481 66
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     36,288 73
Total 9 61,459 91
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January.
February
March ...
April
May	
June
Males.   Females.
618
616
750
819
903
969
Month.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.    Females.
942
852
836
800
Month.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
Males.   Females.     . Month
14
14
13
14
16
IB
11
35
11
11
24
July	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December .
Males.   Females.
14
14
20
27
30
33
32
42
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
1.99.
7.9
$6.00.
to |
to
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to 11.99.
to 12.99.
to 13.99.
to 14.99.
to   15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
to   24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
56
17
32
11
22
27
35
74
50
58
149
42
60
73
20
43
8S
58
75
18
19
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to$ 6.99.
to     7.99.
to     8.99.
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
to 12.99.
to 13.99.
to   14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
29.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over .
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Females.
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
1
20
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy 	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated 	
Males.        Females.
278
346
20
3
2
61
2
45
16
1
12
1
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
21
35
4
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
60 at 40 hours.
53 at 56 hours.
91 at 44 hours.                             8 at 48 hours.
89 at 44     i,
47 at 69     ..
110 at 48      ,,
247 at 60     ,.
144 at 50     ii
25 at 65      it
1 at 52     „
4 at 84     .i
183 at 54      ., 14 Geo. 5
Beport of the Deputy Minister.
G 21
Table No. 4.
COAL-MININQ.
Returns covering 20 Firms.
Table No.  5.
COAST SHIPPING.
Returns covering 102 Firms.
Salary and Wage Pay
Officers, Superintendents, and Manage
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc.
Wages-earners (including piece-worke
ments, 1923.
rs $
242,908 13
225,968 63
391,539 87
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
s)    8,
Total	
237,714 60
4,533,176 74
Total S 9,460,416 63
...8 5,079,427 47
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
5,387
5,594
5,585
5,734
5,781
5,582
Females.
Month.
Males
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February....
April	
May	
June	
6,455
6,27!:
6,031
5,74E
5,537
5.34C
2
2
2
2
2
2
July 	
September .
October	
November...
December...
2
2
2
2
2
2
January....
February ...
May	
June	
3,06]
3,651
3.94C
3,54£
3,632
3,*8S
14
14
15
15
18
19
Jul.
Auj.
Sep
Oct
No^
Dee
3,932
3,766
4,287
4,135
4,443
3,937
18
ust	
.ember..
ember..
ember ..
18
17
17
17
17
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00
% 6.00 to S 6
7.00to    7.
8.00 to     8.
9.00 to     9.
1
Under 86.00
99...
99...
99
3
21
2
1
1
7.00 to    7.99..
99..
M...
"i"
18
86
101
13
79
60
77
53
70
16
44
23
34
104
103
138
79
421
113
863
889
822
436
1,408
1
2
22
3
20
30
20
10
6
6
1
17
5
9.00 to    9
10 00 tn   10
99..
10.00 to   10.99...
99
10
4
48
9
12
124
179
no
S3
185
59
no
60
210
326
645
166
104
523
49
285
436
170
1
3
11.00 to   11.99..
12.00 to   12.99..
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00 to   17.99..
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99  .
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
12.00 to   12,99...
8
13.00 to   13.99...
14.00 to   14.99...
4
15.00 to   15.99...
3
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99.   .
2
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99...
2
20.00 to   20.99...
1
21.00 to   21.99...
6
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
1
24.00 to   24.99...
4
6
2
25.00 to   25.99...
26.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27 99...
28.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99..
1
3
36.00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99...
50.00 and over. ..
50.00 and over.. 1      245
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
940
3,037
125
3
51
35
577
20
178
130
344
33
571
59
102
1
2
Canada and Newfoundland.
1,720
2,415
211
58
17
63
58
8
27
199
36
54
268
Great Britain and ll
United States of An
lerica	
United States of A
Australasia .
Italy	
Italy	
Germany	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark	
Russia or other Slav country
Other European country ...
Japan    	
61
S
141
All other countries
Nationality not Stat
All other countries
Nationality not sta
ed	
ted	
Weekly Hours of Labour.
302 at 44 hours.                  9 at 54 hours.
5,121 at 48      ii                       37 at 56      i.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 40 hours.         37 at 50 hours.         18 at 63 hours.
3 at 42     ii             136 at 54      „              77 at 70     „
52 at 44     ,i                1 at 55     „            842 at 72     „
4 at 46     ,i             126 at 56     n              56 at 84     ,.
1,555 at 48      ,,             392 at 60     i,                 6 at 108    i. G 22
Department of Labour.
1924
Table No. 6.
CONTRACTING.
Returns covering 797 Firms.
Table No. 7.
EXPLOSIVES, CHEMICALS, ETC.
Returns covering 22 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 1,321,507 52
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       957,107 3S
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    8,721,959 24
Total $11,000,574 14
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 65,939 62
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     158,988 27
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  256,858 30
Total 8481,786 19
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January	
February....
March	
April	
May	
June .......
Males.   Females.
5,195
5,350
6,480
7,232
8,035
8,801
79
82
84
93
90
103
Month.
July 	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December..
Males.    Females
8,740
8,686
8,163
7,636
6,785
5,654
Month.
98
95
104
100
91
86
January  .
February.
March	
April.
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
189
191
198
212
193
189
17
15
14
15
17
18
Month.
July	
August	
September..
October....
November ..
December ..
Males.    Females.
178
189
195
194
192
182
16
22
24
22
20
19
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
F.mployment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
4
6
4
8
1
7
7
21
20
21
46
69
142
115
621
331
841
1,240
279
1,606
370
511
557
595
215
1,434
1,715
547
297
21 C
5
9
9
17
30
53
12
61
13
21
9
4
4
1
6
6
3
7
1
7
9
2
11
$ 6.00 to $ 0.99. ..
1
1
S 6.00 to $ 6.99..
7.00 to     7.99...
7.00 to     7.99  .
8.00 to     8.99
9.00 to     9.99..
8.00 to     8.99...
1
9.00 to     9.99...
1
6
2
3
10.00 to   10.99...
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11.99..
4
1
1
11.00 to   11.99...
1
1
12.00 to   12.99...
12.00 to   12.99  .
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99..
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00 to   17.99
18.00 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
2
8
2
8
4
5
7
12
16
2
4
12
14
12
16
16
9
10
39
23
11
5
1
1
1
1
1
2
13.00 to   13.99...
14.00 to   14.99...
29
3
4
10
11
5
4
2
1
3
9
2
14
1
1
3
2
6
7
3
1
15.00 to   15.99...
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99...
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99.   .
1
1
20.00 to   20.99.
21.00 to   21.99..;
1
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99...
1
2
25.00 to   25.99...
1
1
1
26.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27.99...
2
1
1
1
1
28.00 to  28 99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35.00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99.   .
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Em
ployees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
4,993
5,456
473
16
14
50
361
18
86
886
181
29
42
10
12
12
56
42     '
1
68
115
4
2
8
Great Britain and I
United States of An
Great Britain and
United States of A
13
Italy	
2
Italy	
Norway, Sweden, and Demnt
3
2
2
1
2
1
53
Russia or otber Slav country
Other European coi
6
Nationality not stat
Nationality not st£
8
w
8 at 30 hours.
2 at 32     ,i
4 at 36     n
39 at 39     ,i
56 at 40     ,,
5,156 at 44     ,,
12 at 45     ,i
eekly H
3,926 a
12 a
127 a
7 a
1,346 a
353 a
24 a
ours of
i 48 hour
t 49      ,,
t 50     ii
t 52     .,
t 54     ■
t 56     ,i
t 59     „
Lab
s.
Out
39e
14(.
86
11C
5
60
at 60
at 63
at 65
at 70
at 80
at 84
he
urs.
w
2 at 36 hours.
1 at 40     ..
9 at 42      n
37 at 44      ii
39 at 45      ..
3 at 47     n
28 at 48     n
eekly H
73 at
12 at
6 at
4 at
8 at
11 at
13 at
ours of
49 hours
50 ,i
51 ,i
52 ,.
54     ,,
56     ii
60     ii
Lab
our
i i
8 a
3 a
3 a
2 a
1 a
it 67 h
t 70
t 76
t 81
i 84
1 94
nu
rs. 14 Geo. 5
Keport of the Deputy Minister.
23
Table No. 8.
FOOD PRODUCTS—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 309 Firms.
Table No. 9.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $    930,723 24
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       876,636 94
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    5,334,020 37
Total     $7,141,380 55
Average Number of Wage-earners.
GARMENT-MAKING.
Returns covering 70 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $109,232 98
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     98,232 62
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    545,649 03
Total $753,114 63
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February .
March
April	
May	
June   	
Males.   Females.
2,690
2,716
2,834
3,445
3,899
5,106
563
568
588
684
726
1,155
Month.
July	
August....
September
October ...
November.
December .
Males.   Females.
5,424
5,697
4,691
4,639
3.796
3,061
Month.
1,578
1,621
1,790
1,578
1,031
719
J anuary..
February .
March....
April.
May	
June ...  .
Males.    Females.
168
173
176
176
182
177
390
426
456
440
437
433
Month.
July	
August	
September .
October ....
November..
December ..
Males.   Females.
184
187
218
228
218
212
408
412
489
504
466
428
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 	
tos 6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.b9.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over .
Males.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
14
43
23
60
231
210
240
367
238
392
202
349
165
483
601
190
515
265
62
612
536
144
44
73
3
2
4
11
8
9
7
25
13
14
12
10
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
13
2
8
11
23
46
89
160
393
191
113
112
188
42
80
76
44
29
72
84
19
7
26
7
12
18
4
38
13
38
6
26
33
40
6
7
6
11
Appren
tices.
For W7eek of
Employmentof
Greatest Number.
1
1
1
1
10
9
2
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50 00
$6.00 .
to$ 6.
7.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22 99
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over
Males.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
13
2
6
14
4
2
1
7
7
4
13
1
6
1
20'
13
5
16
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
1
1
8
3
23
13
102
68
31
31
46
27
32
10
11
2
2
31
2
Apprentices.
18
4
11
21
4
20
3
1
1
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland   ....
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
!,369
!,345
166
17
12
24
53
11
10
278
22
16
898
19
841
10
49
Country of Origin.
1,344
766
55
4
1
5
9
10
18
27
8
9
11
99
Canada and Newfoundland   ....
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium   	
France 	
Italy 	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China   ..   	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
81
101
7
1
1
1
7
4
20
5
21
267
271
20
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 33 hours.
52 at 36 ..
32 at 38 11
11 at 40 ..
2 at 41 ..
42 at 42 .,
65 at 44 ,1
31 at 45 ,,
12 at 46 hours.
3 at 47 ..
2,867 at 48 ,,
192 at 49 ,,
602 at 50 ,.
2 at 51 11
84 at 52 ,.
774 at 54 ,1
99 at 55 hours.
64 at 56
3 at 57
2,145 at 60
3 at 66
57 at 70
26 at 72
535 at 80
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours. 40 at 47 hours.
1 at 40     H 115 at 48 11
2 at 42  .1 10 at 50 11
478 at 44  ,1 1 at 52 11
28 at 45  ,1 3 at 55 ..
94 at 46  11 2 at 75 .. G 24
Department of Labour.
1924
Table No. 10.
HOUSE FURNISHINGS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering 38 Firms.
Table No. 11.
JEWELLERY—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering lfy Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 90,365 72
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     26,030 22
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   363,067 95
Total       $479,463 S9
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers S 50,668 83
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    94,795 10
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 118,414 91
Total  $263,878 84
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
January .
February
March...
April
May	
June
Males.   Females.
296
307
298
305
317
35
41
40
36
38
37
July 	
August...
September.
October   ..
November ,
December.
Males.   Females.
296
308
315
332
342
334
Month
31
34
36
36
38
January.
February
March...
April. ..
May.. ..
June
Males.   Females.
93
90
89
88
87
89
Month.
July	
August	
September..
October	
November..
December...
Males.   Females.
92
93
94
94
96
101
10
11
11
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
.8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.0(1
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00... .
to* 6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
to   20
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29 99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99'.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.     18 Yrs.
1
3
5
4
2
19
4
11
6
44
10
1
19
3
36
10
7
18
14
16
53
15
4
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40 00
45.00
50.00
$6.00.
to S 6
to  7
to
to
9.
10.
to 11
to 12,
to 13
to 14
to 15.
to 16.
to 17.
to 18.
to 19.
to 20.
to 21.
to 22.
to 23.
to 24.
to 25.
to 26.
to 27.
to 28.
to 29.
to 34.
to 39.
to 44.
to 49
and ov
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
Males.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
22
8
15
5
3
18 Y'rs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark .
Russia or other Slav country	
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
134
206
Country of Origin.
20
18
1
1
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or ottier Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan   	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
Females.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 35 hours. 6 at 47 hours.
1 at 36  n 7 at 48  n
34 at 38  ., 12 at 49  ,,
6 at 43  ,, 117 at 50  ,,
198 at 44  ,.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
7 at 41 hours. 13 at 48 hours.
77 at 44     ii 3 at 50     .,
5 at 45     ,, 14 Geo. 5
Keport op the Deputy Minister.
G 25
Table No.  12.
LAUNDRIES, CLEANING AND  DYEING.
Returns covering 61 Firms.
Table No. 13.
LEATHER AND FUR GOODS—MANUFACTURING OF.
Returns covering Ifi Firms.
Salary and Wage Pay
Officers, Superintendents, and Manage
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc
tnents, 1923.
rs $
90,228 61
23,793 51
13,414 07
17,436 19
Salary and Wage Payments,
1923.
 $ 51.484 42
  1
1  9
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc
Wage-earners (including piece-workei
Total  .       .      	
s)	
54,315 15
324,716 27
8430 515 84
Total
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Males
.    Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males
.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
February....
March	
May	
June   	
384
383
383
395
399
398
660
859
670
688
696
704
Julv	
August  ....
September..
October	
November..
December ..
426
428
■ 405
402
392
385
727
727
717
706
700
709
January....
February...
March	
-May	
June	
314
314
313
317
316
306
68
69
67
67
67
65
September..
October ....
November..
December ..
302
304
304
304
306
302
74
65
69
71
71
70
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs'
& over
Under
18 Yrs.
Under $6.00	
1
1
* 6.00 to S 6.99...
4
2
1
1
3
7
2
1
2
1
1
1
3
2
1
4
1
7.00 to     7.
8.00 to     8.
9.00 to     9.
)9...
7.00 to    7
8.00 to      8
99..
1
19...
)9...
1
2
15
14
11
17
10
2
1
2
6
2
22
99..
3
2
1
1
1
4
1
6
4
12
5
23
13
34
32
12
15
19
7
53
17
2
1
3
3
5
6
25
20
262
84
108
63
21
41
3
13
2
5
9.00 to     9.99..
10.00 to   10.99..
11.00 to   11 99
12.00 to   12.99..
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99
15.00 to   15.99
16.00 to   16.99..
17.00to   17.99..
18.09 to   18.99..
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21-OOto   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99  .
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
1
10.00 to   10.
11.00 to   11.
12.00 to   12.
«...
4
7
2
2
)9...
6
14
9
14
14
2
15
4
15
11
20
24
30
66
27
31
18
7
51
21
13
1
1
6
1
13.00 to   13.99...
1
8
8
3
3
16
3
3
3
3
2
2
3
1
2
14.00 to   14.99...
15.00 to   15.99...
2
2
1
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99...
1
1
2
1
18.00 to   18.99...
19.00 to   19.99...
20.00 to   20.99...
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99...
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99.
25.00 to   25.99...
2
26.00 to   26.99...
27.00 to   27.99...
28.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99...
30.00 to   34.99...
35.00 to   39.99...
40.00 to   44.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
113
240
8
1
263
429
28
2
1
9
6
74
187
14
1
33
Great Britain and Ii
United States of An
Great Britain and '.
5
1
10
10
Italy..
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denms
Russia or other Slav country
2
3
1
1
63
1
6
1
26
9
3
2
10
4
rk
Other European co
1
2
All other countries
Nationalitv not stat
All other countries
ed	
3
2
ted	
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
17 at 36 hours.           486 at 48 hours.         2 at 60 hours.
1 at 40     ,,                  10 at 49     ,>              1 at 66     „
2 at 44      ,,                 286 at 50     .,               2 at 70      „
1 at 45     „                    1 at 52     „              4 at 80     n
330 at 46     n                    2 at 55     „
9 at 47      i,                   12 at 56     ,,
Weekly Hours of Labour
1 at 30 hours.               3 at 46 hours.
1 at 43      ii                 194 at 48      „
51 at 44      ..                     6 at 49      n
3 at 45     i.                103 at 50     ,i
1 at 52 hours.
4 at 54     M
2 at 55      i,
1 at 56      .. G 26
Department op Labour.
1924
Table No. 14.
LUMBER INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 922 Firms.
Table No. 15.
METAL TRADES.
Returns covering 378 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 2,124,609 89
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    1,359,536 86
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 31,784,733 41
Total $35,268,880 16
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $   809,786 90
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc       357,068 83
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    2,804,121 85
Total   $ 3,970,987 58
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January.
February
March.. .
April....
May	
June
Males.    Females.
20,382
21,083
23,340
24,679
26,906
27,567
100
112
114
123
126
. Month.
Males.
July 	
27,107
August	
26,943
September.
25,735
October ...
25,511
November.
25,491
December..
23,149
Month.
130
134
130
132
139
139
January .
February
March...
April
May	
J une
Males.    Females.
2,048
2,077
2,187
2,429
2,412
2,433
30
30
32
35
34
34
Month.
July	
August. . ..
September
October ...
November .
December..
Males.   Females.
2,444
2,375
2,335
2.314
2,284
2,253
34
33
32
32
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.60
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
'28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to$ 6.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
10
2
2
2
17
47
194
129
36 L
510
679
1,159
1,052
2,074
1,691
1,268
3,613
2,567
836
4,360
1,043
824
2,329
1,495
925
4,637
2,191
1,018
589
12
21
19
10
26
10
8
15
12
2
14
Females.
18 Yrs.
& over.
11
10
3
11
43
13
19
13
2
13
5
11
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 	
to$ 6.99.
7.
8.99.
9.99
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17 99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
18 Yrs.
& over.
5
5
13
9
15
7
18
20
IS
40
20
39
33
53
152
49
206
124
110
144
77
105
131
118
38
42
Under
18 Yrs.
8
17
13
13
8
11
6
12
4
2
4
1
1
1
2
18 Y7rs.     Under
over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
15
7
16
10
7
11
10
17
4
4
4
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland .
Great Britain and Ireland ..
United States of America...
Australasia	
Belgium	
France
Italy   	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries   ...
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
12,705
4,952
2,101
67
68
320
666
175
494
4,360
557
791
4,575
1,034
2,476
137
480
Country of Origin.
118
49
20
1
16
4
io'
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China   	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
413
362
129
3
6
5
15
2
3
35
13
4
18
1
36
36
31
Weekly Hours of Labour.
6 at 30 hrs.
1 at 32 ii
5 at 36 ii
9 at
5 at
42 at
5 at
21 a*
471 at,
14 at
10 at 46 hrs.  391 at 56 hrs.  9 at, 77 hrs.
78 ,i
Weekly Hours of Labour.
38
, 39
40
41
42
44
45
7 at 47
11,580 at 48
15 at 49
2,243 at 50
33 at 51
161 at 62
95 at 63
9,363 at 54
1,790 at 55
163
519
7,695
1
48
1
12
40
35
at 58
at 59
at 60
at 62
at 63
at 65
at 66
at 70
at 72
1 at
24 at
10 at
2 at
6 at
4 at
2 at 35 hours.
1 at 36 ,,
8 at 37 ..
1 at 38 ,,
29 at 40 ,i
2 at 41 ,,
13 at 42 „
819 at 44 ,,
36 at 46 ii
16 at 46 hours.
13 at 47 .1
261 at 48 ,,
8 at 49 ,.
106 at 50 ii
8 at 51 ,,
164 at 52 ..
221 at 54 ,,
5 at 55 ii
9 at 56 hours.
32 at 60 „
1 at 63 ,.
3 at 66 .,
2 at 70 ..
2 at 72 ,.
1 at 84 ., 14 Geo. 5
Keport op the Deputy Minister.
G 27
TABLE   NO.    16.
METAL-MININQ.
Returns covering 161 Firms.
Table No.  17.
MISCELLANEOUS TRADES AND INDUSTRIES.
Returns covering 5k Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Salary and Wage Pay
Officers, Superintendents, and Manaj,
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc
Wage-earners (including piece-worke
ments, 1923.
ers $
203,599 94
245,098 48
769,101 07
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)	
.... 5,595,537 51
rs)	
Total
 $6.1
73,426 26
Total $1,217,799 49
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
Male
.   B'emales.
Month.
Males.
Females.
Month.
Males.   Females.
Month.
Males.
Females.
January	
February ....
March.
June	
2.68S
2,86C
2,96i
8,20f
3,42k
3,39;
13
13
16
15
18
19
July 	
August	
September..
October    ...
November...
December...
3,558
3,618
3,660
3,759
3,647
3,531
20
25
26
26
23
21
January....
February...
March	
May	
June	
537
575
567
56P
674
584
130
138
138
141
137
145
Jul;
Au<,
Sep
Oct
No\
Dec
589
586
593
529
532
531
141
ust	
.ember,.
Dber....
ember..
ember ..
143
149
159
159
160
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Males.
Females.
Apprentices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Males.'
Females.
Apprentices.
Employment of
Greatest Number.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
1
Under $6.00
$ 6.00 to $ 6
7.00 to     7
8.00 to     8
4
1
$ 6.00 to $ 6
7.00 to     7
8.00 to     8
9.00 to     9.
19. ..
99
1
19
19. ..
3
7
8
11
11
3
6
3
1
99..
1
4
7
8
8
5
4
10
13
15
13
3
35
37
25
142
41
23
45
23
25
6
112
49
11
3
8
2
1
2
5
2
8
1
7
1
»:..
1
1
1
2
1
2
3
2
5
9
42
28
51
25
130
421
183
172
456
146
121
1,115
1,183
398
90
122
9.00 to     9.99..
10.00 to   10.99 .
11.00 to   11.99..
12.00 to   12.99..
13.00 to   13.99..
14.00 to   14.99 .
15.00 to   15.99..
16.00 to   16.90..
I'i.OO to   17.99 .
18.00 to   18.99  .
19.00 to   19.99..
20.00 to   20.99..
21.00 to   21.99..
22.00 to   22.99..
23.00 to   23.99..
24.00 to   24.99..
25.00 to   25.99..
26.00 to   26.99..
27.00 to   27.99..
28.00 to   28.99..
29.00 to   29.99..
30.00 to   34.99..
35.00 to   39.99..
40.00 to   44.99..
45.00 to   49.99..
10.00 to   10.99...
1
11.00 to   11.99...
12.00 to   12.99...
1
3
10
73
21
7
11
10
2
13.00 to   13.99...
1
2
2
14.00 to   14.99...
1
12
1
1
5
2
16.00 to   16.99...
17.00 to   17.99  .
18 00 to   18 99
1
19 00 to   19.99. ..
.       1
1
1
20.00 to   20.99...
1
2
1
2
5
21.00 to   21 99
4
2
1
22.00 to   22.99. .
2
23.00 to   23.99...
24.00 to   24.99..
1
25.00 to   25.99.   .
1
1
26.00 to   26.99...
1
1
27.00 to   27.99...
28.00 to   28.99...
29.00 to   29.99.
30.00 to   34.99...
1
2
1
35.00 to   39.99...
45.00 to   49.99...
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
Country of Origin.
Males.
Females.
1,588
1,260
319
13
8
30
257
20
64
669
215
141
51
16
9
2
Canada and Newfoundland
Great Britain and Ireland
292
431
28
3
1
3
7
84
Great Britain and Ir
United States of An
3
Italy	
Italy	
-
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark,
3
23
S
Other European co
4
98
2
All other countries
Nationality not stat
All other countries
Nationality notsta
ed	
ted	
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1,144 at 48 hours.                    3,065 at 56 hours.
'    3 at 50     ii                                6 at 60     n
136 at 52     n                                   4 at 65      ,,
342 at 54      „                                 36 at 70     ,i
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 38 hours.             186 at 48 hours.         6 at 60 hours.
14 at 40      ii                       4 at 49      ,,               2 at 66      ,,
31 at 42      ,,                   189 at 50     „               5 at 69      „
273 at 44      ii                     31 at 54      n             25 at 72      n
17 at 45     ,i                     2 at 55     u              1 at 78     n
13 at 46      i,                     15 at 56     „               2 at 84      .,
39 at 47     ,i                     4 at 58     „ G 28
Department op Labour.
1924
Table No. 18.
OIL-REFINING.
Returns covering 7 Firms
Table No. 19.
PAINT-MANUFACTURING.
Returns covering 13 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 11,260 00
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc    121,541 84
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)   425,832 93
Total $558,634 77
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $ 56,149, 89
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc     77,428 97
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     93,010 31
Total   $226,589 17
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.       Males.   Females.
Jinuary.
February
March...
April....
May	
June
248
262
271
253
284
283
Month.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.    Females.
261
272
273
248
249
246
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June
Males.   F7emales.
115
123
116
13
13
13
13
13
13
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Males.   Females.
107
101
93
86
79
77
10
10
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to? 6.99.
to 7.99.
to 8 99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to 11.99.
to 12.99.
to 13.99.
to 14.99.
to 15.99.
to 16.99.
to 17.99.
to 18.99.
to   19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
&over.    18 Yrs.
3
1
1
10
11
1
4
2
70
46
85
7
7
1
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
to$ 6.
99..
99.:
99..
to 10
to 11
to 12
to 13
to 14
to 15
to 16
to 17.
to 18
to 19.
to 20
to 21.
to 22.
to 23.
to 24.
to 25.
to 26.
to 27.
to 28.
to 29.
to 34.
to 39.
to 44.
to 49.
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99 .
99..
99..
99.
99..
99..
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
7
2
15
3
4
15
1
4
15
2
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium    	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
96
143
18
3
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria  	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ..
Other European country	
China 	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
60
68
2
10
3
Weekly Hours of Labour.
3 at 44 hours. 12 at 60 hours.
235 at 48     n 1 at 70     n
Weekly Hours of Labour.
113 at 44 hours. 12 at 48 hours.
6 at 40     „ 2 at 49      „
2 at 47     .. 4 at 50     u 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 29
Table No. 20.
PRINTING AND PUBLISHING.
Returns covering 99 Firms.
Table No. 21.
PULP AND PAPER—MANUFACTURE OF.
Returns covering 11 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  413,837 80
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      797,985 97
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)     1,478,931 35
Total $2,690,755 12
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $   344,813 11
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      595,641 71
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 3,879,336 95
Total  $4,819,791 77
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January...
February..
March.  ...
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
875
882
919
910
924
942
100
102
108
122
120
113
Month.
July	
August. ..
September
October...
November
December.
Males.   Females.
920
914
912
911
903
913
Month.
123
121
131
120
119
120
January..
February
March...
April....
May	
June
Males.   Females.
2.315
2,337
2,333
2,484
2,476
73
75
70
Month.
July	
August...
September
October ..
November
December.
Males.   Females.
2,557
2,436
2,520
2,418
2,421
2,369
70
67
67
67
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to* 6.99.
to 7.99.
to 8.99.
to 9.99.
to 10.99.
to 11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
to 20.99.
to 21.99.
to 22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
to 27.99.
to 28.99.
to 29.99.
to 34.99.
to 39.99.
to 44.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
3
5
6
4
13
2
2
11
9
18
18
5
12
2
15
6
11
26
9
13
4
2
45
73
150
282
66
11
10
10
6
12
2
IS Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
3
10
26
22
6
7
7
21
12
3
1
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
6
13
2
10
3
2
4
4
3
5
3
1
1
4
2
1
4
1
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ...
to* 6.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
7:
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
to 39.99.
to 44.99.
to 49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
12
63
95
201
63
68
110
78
389
190
170
58
217
45
121
226
208
225
44
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
12
1
12
13
4
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries  	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
629
402
54
4
20
Country of Origin.
105
53
9
2
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France    	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
AH other countries	
Nationality not stated	
518
100
6
2
13
167
5
12
661
3
7
55
16
4
Weekly Hours of Labour.
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1 at 30 hours.
7 at 36  „,
4 at 38  .,
1 at 41  ,,
5 at 42  i,
6 at 43 hours.
552 at 44
189 at 46
3 at 46       ii
301 at 48       ,i
1 at 52 hours.
10 at 54       i,
1 at 60       ii
76 at 44 hours.
1,105 at 48     ,i
4 at 52     i,
628 at 54     n
16 at 56     ii
596 at 60 hours.
14 at 70     ,,
213 at 72     n
56 at 84      ,i G 30
Department of Labour.
1924
Taele No. 22.
SHIP-BUILDING.
Returns covering SO Firms.
Table No. 23.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $     65,228 02
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc        107,389 80
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)       974,188 43
Total $ 1,176,806 25
SMELTING.
Returns covering h Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers..   $   221,122 55
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc        284,222 53
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)    3,276,908 80
Total $ 3,782,253 88
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Average Number of Wage=earners.
Month.
January...
Fehruary ..
March	
April	
May	
June	
Males.
Females.
905
2
858
2
1,018
3
885
3
640
3
637
2
Month.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
612
622
1,023
1,026
784
904
Month.
January.
February
March...
April
May	
June....
Males.
Females.
1,672
27
1,647
27
1,733
26
1,780
25
1,749
26
1,776
27
Month.
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
1,816
1,895
1,758
1,828
1,755
1,657
Females.
29
28
27
27
27
27
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 ....
to* 6.99-
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to   49.99.
and over.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
2
5
10
4
124
174
55
252
10
90
5
13
41
16
24
385
79
14
1
10
1
1
18 Yrs.      Under
& over.    18 Y7rs.
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00 .
toS 6.
to 7:
to 8.:
to 9.:
to  10.
to 11
to 12
to 13.
to 14.
to 15
to 16
to 17
to 18.
to 19.
99.
to 20
to 21
to 22
to 23.
to U.
to 25.
to 26.
to 27.
to 28.
to 29.
to 34.
to 39.
to 44.
to 49.
and ov
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99..
99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
16
9
2
9
207
358
477
395
278
55
41
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
Apprentices.
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
. Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.
458
705
80
15
12
23
6
2
74
1
Females.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China   .
Hindustan   	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated   	
Mules.        Females.
534
814
60
3
4
8
231
1
36
60
43
51
50
17
8
2
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1,382 at 44 hours.
11 at 48     ,i
8 at 50 hours.
1 at 56     ii
2 at 44 hours.
29 at 48     ii
Weekly Hours of Labour.
1,893 at 66 hours. 14 Geo. 5
Keport of the Deputy Minister.
G 31
Table No.  24.
STREET RAILWAYS, GAS, POWER, TELEPHONE, ETC
Returns covering 73 Firms.
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  452,612 26
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc  1,084,760 11
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)  5,868,810 83
Total $7,406,183 20
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Table No. 25.
WOOD-
MANUFACTURE OF  (N.E.S.).
Returns covering 56 Firms
Salary and Wage Payments, 1923.
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers $  195,443 36
Clerks, Stenographers, Salesmen, etc      107,297 40
Wage-earners (including piece-workers) 1,175,795 67
Total   $1,478,536 43
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Month.
January..
February.
March
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
2,844
2,829
3,065
3,302
3,490
3,519
1,061
1,046
1,042
1,049
1,065
1,116
Month.
July	
August	
September..
October ....
November ..
December...
Males.    Females.
Month.
3,564
1,152
3,610
1,209
3,518
1,116
3,489
1,117
3,340
1,098
3,230
1,126
January..
February .
March. ...
April	
May	
June	
Males.   Females.
1,022
1,064
1,137
1,172
1,212
1,290
32
45
60
62
51
53
Month.
July	
August....
September.
October ...
November..
December .
Males.   Females.
1,300
1,314
1,251
1,174
1,092
1,043
40
30
34
23
31
36
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only).
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under $6.00 ....
$ 6.00 to $ 6.99.
7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
7.00 to
8.00 to
9.00 to
10.00 to
11.00 to
12.00 to
13.00 to
14.00 to
15.00 to
16.00 to
17 00 to
18.00 to 18.99.
19.00 to 19.99..
20.00 to 20.99..
21.00 to 21.99..
22.00 to 22.99..
23.00 to 23.99..
24.00 to
25.00 to
26.00 to
27.00 to
28.00 to
29.00 to
30.00 to
35.00 to 39.99.
40.00 to 44.99.
45.00 to 49.99.
50.00and over.
24.99. .
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
3
6
30
4
19
23
5
115
53
129
35
310
170
107
408
71
71
162
102
91
1,252
643
164
79
39
18 Yrs.     Under
& over.    18 Yrs.
1
20
147
37
1
297
162
15
211
83
133
41
49
1
1
2
10
6
•■•.■
Appren
tices.
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
27
155
40
1
6
Ti'
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29 00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
$6.00	
to$ 6.99.
to 7.99.
8.99.
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
to 21.99.
to   22.99.
23.99.
24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99.
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
and over
Malks.
Females.
Apprentices.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
18 Yrs.
& over.
Under
18 Yrs.
1
3
1
40
5
25
7
14
16
1
6
1
1
2
3
1
4
9
3
3
16
1
41
69
27
7
1
40
74
13
1
1
63
119
5
107
76
73
47
49
1
64
78
58
36
38
40
48
57
37
7
4
Nationality of Employees.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America 	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country ...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
Males.       Females.
,485
!,259
165
19
5
117
9
9
86
24
34
21
3
Country of Origin.
572
40
7
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia	
Belgium	
France 	
Italy	
Germany	
Austria   	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark.
Russia or other Slav country....
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan :	
Japan 	
All other countries	
Nationality not stated	
710
367
57
3
2
9
17
4
1
42
8
164
12
95
4
14
40
7
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
2 at'35 hours. 74 at 45 hours.     766 at 54 hours.
5 at 36      11                 140 at 46      1, 20 at 55       ,,
3 at 38 ,1 1,471 at 48 „ 210 at 56 ,,
48 at 50 „ 127 at 60 „
38 at 52     11 2 at 65       „
Weekly Hours of Labour.
10 at 39
993 at 42
1,276 at 44
447 at 44 hours.
69 at 45 „
3 at 46      11
69 at 48 11
251 at 50     .1
68 at 52 hours.
43 at 53     .1
270 at 54     1,
8 at 56      .1
173 at 59     „
44 at 60 hours.
5 at 66       1,
1 at 72
1 at 84       11 G 32
Department op Labour.
1924
SUMMARY OF ALL TABLES.
Returns covering 3,375 Firms.
The statistics compiled in the twenty-five tables in the foregoing pages have 'been totalled
and are summarized in the general table below. In the introductory part of this section of the
report these tables are analysed at some length. It may be stated once more, however, that
the 3,375 firms, though they include the leading industrial firms in the groups which have been
dealt with, are not an exhaustive list of the industrial employers of the Province. However,
the conditions here shown as the wages, working-hours, nationality, and fluctuation of employment may fairly be taken as typical.
Total   Salary  and   Wage   Payments  during   Twelve   Months   ending   31st   December,   1923: —
Officers, Superintendents, and Managers   $    8,837,773 61
Clerks, Stenographers, and Salesmen, etc        S,329,069 21
Wage-earners (including piece-workers)         S9,630,116 11
Total  $106,796,95S 96
Average Number of Wage-earners.
Classified Weekly Wage-rates (Wage-earners only.)
During the Month of
January...
February .
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August...
September
October...
November
December.
Nationality of Employees.
Country of Origin.
Canada and Newfoundland	
Great Britain and Ireland	
United States of America	
Australasia *	
Belgium	
France	
Italy ,	
Germany	
Austria	
Norway, Sweden, and Denmark
Russia or other Slav country...
Other European country	
China	
Hindustan	
Japan 	
AH other countries   	
Nationality not stated	
.,904
',974
1,173
228
211
602
!,540
289
936
,990
,533
,163
232
138
417
194
816
Females.
55,335
3,429
56,848
3,497
61,382
3,601
64,436
3,707
68,006
3,786
70,630
4,293
71,150
4,753
71,274
4,849
69,149
5,034
68,158
4,829
66,050
4,231
60,668
3,910
3,199
2,468
199
16
5
25
28
10
20
95
30
12
9
13
119
4
For Week of
Employment of
Greatest Number.
Under
$ 6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00
23.00
24.00
25.00
26.00
27.00
28.00
29.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
.00	
to $ 6.99.
to     7.99.
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
9.99.
10.99.
11.99.
12.99.
13.99.
14.99.
15.99.
16.99.
17.99.
18.99.
19.99.
20.99.
21.99.
22.99.
23.99.
to   24.99.
25.99.
26.99.
27.99.
28.99.
29.99.
34.99
39.99.
44.99.
49.99.
and over.
Males.
18 Yrs.
& over.
23
20
25
62
62
130
314
461
648
824
1,417
1,923
2,078
3,214
3,411
2,767
5,593
5,220
2,660
8,448
3,719
2,466
4,842
4,093
2,414
12,673
9,016
4,219
2,119
3,278
88,139
Under
18 Yrs.
35
61
65
130
91
154
84
169
97
92
98
44
30
47
29
23
27
10
18 Yrs.
& over.
11
16
32
75
101
347
480
773
769
408
266
600
237
320
162
127
58
90
138
25
23
39
11
29
10
Under
18 Yrs.
22
10
5
53
41
81
37
75
54
58
9
21
Apprentices.
39
79
49
72
52
225
72
19
21
11
28
18
25
7
8
22
3
7
10
3
10
3
1
Weekly Hours of Labour.
17 at 30 hours.           525 at 45 hours.
167 at 58 hours.
9 at
77 hours.
3 at 32  ,
634 at 46  „
763 at 59  ,i
2 at
78  n
1 at 33  ,
122 at 47  ii
11,714 at 60  ,,
544 at
80  ,,
5 at 35  .
30,980 at 48  i,
1 at 62  ii
3 at
81  n
94 at 36  i
334 at 49  ,,
207 at 63  ,,
206 at
84  „
8 at 37  ,
4,419 at 50  n
124 at 65  .,
10 at
85  ,i
84 at 38
i               55 at 51  ,i
20 at 66  ,i
2 at
91  n
54 at 39
i              666 at 52  n
1 at 67  n
1 at
94 ;,
216 at 40
i              138 at 53  ,.
5 at 69  ,,
6 at
96  ,,
17 at 41
i            14,101 at 54  ii
347 at 70  n
4 at
98  .,
1,081 at 42
i             1,924 at 55  n
1,144 at 72  ,.
6 at 108  ii
13 at 43
i             6,286 at 56  n
2 at 75  ii
13,624 at 44  i
3 at 57  ii
3 at 76  n 14 Geo. 5 Keport of the Deputy Minister. G 33
LABOUR DISPUTES IN 1923.
There was little serious interruption of industry in the Province during 1923 caused by
strikes or lock-outs. As has been mentioned elsewhere In this report, most of our industries
witnessed a small though appreciable general increase in wages. It may fairly be said that
this was warranted by trade conditions during the year, and that the policy of employers in
conceding such increase without any pressure greatly contributed to keep the wheels of industry
running smoothly.
The Longshoring Dispute.
The most serious labour trouble reported in the Province was a very bitterly fought dispute
which occurred in the last three months of the year on the water-front at Vancouver and Victoria,
and which also spread for a time to some of the smaller ports in the Province.
The work of the longshoremen for some years past had been in the hands of the members
of a strong "Union, the International Longshoremen's Association, who had an agreement with
the Shipping Federation, the most recent revision of which took place in 1921. The agreement
was due to expire on October 6th, 1923.
On September 1st the International Longshoremen's Association presented to the Shipping
Federation a proposed new schedule of wages and working conditions, which it was suggested
should form the basis of future employment after the expiration of the existing agreement.
Broadly speaking, the concessions asked for were the payment of 5 cents an hour more than
the existing scale for handling lumber, the inclusion of checkers in Union agreements, 10 cents
commodity on log-scaling, 10 cents commodity on wheat-trucking, the right to pick gangs for
outside points, and the right to refuse to work a ship which the Union considered unfair.
Terms offered by the Federation.
The International Longshoremen's Association made it a ground of complaint against the
Federation that there was considerable delay in the latter making known their attitude regarding
these proposed concessions. When a reply was received, it was to the effect that the Federation
were willing to grant the wheat increase, and that they would consider the granting of the
lumber demands if the longshoremen, in a thirty-day period, would show increased efficiency.
They contended that the average per gang loading in Vancouver was 60,000 feet per day, whereas
the average at other Pacific ports was 100,000 feet. Indeed, they represented that the average
cost of loading ships at British Columbia ports, including delays, was $2.30 per 1,000 feet more
than at other Pacific Coast lumber ports. Claiming that the wage paid here was the same as
that paid at ports on the Puget Sound, they offered to meet any increase that might be granted
on the Sound on wheat and lumber loading. They would not consider the inclusion of checkers
in the Union agreement, though they were willing to pay the checkers Union wages.
Opening of the Struggle:
While negotiations were in progress the strike was called at 5 p.m. on Monday, October Sth.
For a time the work of loading and unloading ships was very seriously disorganized. Some ships
which were already partly loaded left with only a portion of their cargo. Others were delayed,
in some eases for two or three weeks beyond their scheduled time, and very soon there was
considerable congestion both at the docks and in the harbour. Once the strike was called the
Shipping Federation lost no time in making it clear that they would fight to a finish. They
announced that the rates hitherto paid to Union men, 80 cents an hour straight time and $1.20
an hour overtime, would be paid to any suitable men who would do the work. This offer proved
attractive to a large number of men, not only residents in Vancouver and Victoria, but also
those from the harvest-fields and outside camps, who about this time began their annual drift
into the Coast cities. The period was one of great activity in the lumber-exporting business,
and when, on the top of this, there began to arrive at Vancouver a record amount of grain for
shipment overseas, there was abundant work for all who cared to apply for it. In ordinary
times the longshoreman's occupation is very casual, with long spells of idle time, which are
supposed to have been allowed for by fixing the rates of pay at a higher figure than what is
3 G 34 Department op Labour. 1924
usually paid for other labour. In the circumstances, however, the Federation were able to offer
practically unbroken employment, in many cases with overtime, and there is no doubt that the
wages earned by many of the non-union workers at this period were very high indeed.
Scenes of Violence.
Some dissatisfaction was expressed by Union men in some of the smaller ports in the
Province with the policy of the Union which had led to the strike, and after a week or two it
was reported that the dispute was over so far as these ports were concerned, and that it was
now centred in the Vancouver and Victoria areas. Here it became more and more bitter as
time went on. The Union set up a rigorous system of picketing the approaches to the docks,
and there were occasional scenes of violence and breaches of the peace, fo>r which each side
sought to fasten the blame upon the other. In Victoria there was a novel development in the
formation, by the non-union workers, of a union of their own, and the two organizations were
at enmity, a policy of reprisals being occasionally resorted to when one or the other side thought
it had any special ground of complaint.
At Vancouver the Shipping Federation thought it advisable to keep their workers free from
outside interference as far as possible. Accordingly they engaged and equipped the former trans-
Pacific liner, the " Empress of Japan," and also the " Princess Beatrice," the " Princess Royal,"
the " Tilamook," and the " Cassiar," for the men's accommodation, and here a large proportion
of the men working in Vancouver docks were housed and fed, without any need to go ashore,
and ordinarily out of the way of pickets, though stories were occasionally told of spectacular
raids on these ships by men in sympathy with the Union, who had obtained the use of smaller
craft in the harbour.
Request for an Investigation.
On October 29th the Acting Mayor of Vancouver, who had suggested mediation in the dispute,
received from the Shipping Federation a letter stating that they did not feel it necessary to
accept his offer. They had now 1,000 men working on the water-front, the majority of whom
were taxpayers in the city. The Federation declined to negotiate with the International Longshoremen's Association, but were willing to meet a representation of their former employees,
though they had no intention of dispensing with the services of any men now in their employ.
After receipt of this communication the Vancouver City Council telegraphed to the Dominion
Minister of Labour, the Honourable James Murdock, asking for an immediate investigation of
the dispute under the provisions of the " Industrial Disputes Act." Mr. Murdock replied that,
while his Department had at all times been ready to take any action possible to bring about
a settlement, it must require the co-operation of the Shipping Federation and the workers towards
that end. He also said that " the Shipping Federation appeared to have been dilatory in replying
to and dealing with the original demands made by the representative of the workers, and the
workers' representatives appeared to have been inconsiderate in disregard of the (Industrial
Disputes) Act in authorizing a strike while negotiations were in progress."
Terms of Settlement EEJECTEn.
While a dispute of this nature is, under the terms of'the "Industrial Disputes Act,"
primarily the concern of the Dominion authorities, the Provincial Department of Labour had,
from the beginning, co-operated heartily with Mr. F. E. Harrison, the local representative of
the Dominion Department of Labour, in his efforts to bring the dispute to an end. As time
went on it became evident that the disputants were more in a mood for mediation, particularly
on the workers' side. The Vancouver Trades Council also took a hand, and induced the Shipping
Federation to state the terms of a possible settlement. In these terms the Federation did not
recede from the position previously taken up, but offered to re-engage their former employees
as work might become available. The terms were, however, rejected by a secret ballot vote
of the men on November 21st, the vote being 1,007 for rejection and 19 for acceptance.
Federation Plans for hiking Men.
A few days prior to this the Provincial Deputy Minister of Labour, Mr. J. D. McNiven,
had interviewed separately the representatives of leading parties in the dispute. The Chairman
of the Shipping Federation, Captain Baird, admitted to Mr. McNiven that there were many 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 35
good men in the Union, and said that if these men wished to return to work and came and made
application, no discrimination would be shown against them on account of their Union affiliation.
The Federation realized that their present staff was not on a permanent basis. They had some
men who were not fitted for the work, and others who were not likely to remain at that employment ; and before filling these places with permanent men they had been waiting to give their
old longshoremen a chance to return. Mr. McNiven was given permission to convey this information to the longshoremen. He suggested to the Federation representatives that, in the conditions
under which longshoring-work was done, it would scarcely be possible to carry on without some
organization of the men, and the Chairman agreed. The Federation, he said, were having a
hall constructed for the accommodation of their men. They also proposed that the men should
have a committee of their own, who would meet and discuss matters with a committee of the
Federation and draw up a scale of wages with rules and regulations governing the work.
Suggestions foe a Solution.
When Mr. McNiven later met the representatives of the longshoremen their attitude towards
the Shipping Federation's terms showed at once the existence of a deadlock. He then suggested
that, as the Dominion Government, the Provincial Government, and the civic authorities had
tried to bring about a settlement of the dispute, and had failed, they should send for a representative of the International Longshoremen's Union to come to Vancouver as soon as possible .
and see what he could do towards a settlement. This, he thought, might possibly lead to a
solution of the difficulty.   The Strike Committee promised to consider the suggestion.
On December 2nd Mr. Harrison, the Dominion Fair Wage Officer, put forward a proposal
for the settlement of the dispute on lines which had been assented to by the Shipping Federation.
One of the chief difficulties now remaining in the way of a settlement was the unwillingness of
the Union men to present themselves for hiring at the Shipping Federation's new hall and the
unwillingness of the Federation to go to the Longshoremen's Union Hall for any men they might
require. To meet this difficulty it was suggested by Mr. Harrison that Union men might be
hired by the Federation through the Government Employment Bureau.
• Employment Service Co-operation.
Mr. McNiven again met representatives of the Shipping Federation with reference to this
aspect of the matter. He informed them that the Government Employment Service would be
glad to receive and fill any orders for labour required at the docks, dealing with such business
in the ordinary way. In view, however, of the fact that labour at the docks is liable to be
required at short notice, and at hours when the Government employment offices are not ordinarily
open for the transaction of business, he stated that, if an amicable settlement of the dispute
were arrived at, he w7ould arrange to have the Powell Street office at Vancouver open continuously
from 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. for this class of business.
In reply the Federation representatives stated very explicitly that they intended to retain
in employment all suitable men who had entered their service since the dispute began, and that
these men would be hired at the Federation's Hall as circumstances required. At such times as
an extra supply of labour might be needed they would be willing to obtain it through the Government Employment Service, but not at the Longshoremen's Union Hall; and Union men would
have the same opportunity as others of-being taken on. If the Union men would agree to call
off the strike on the terms offered, the Federation at the moment would be able to offer employment to 500 of them.
The settlement terms offered by the Federation contained tbe following proposals:—
(1.) No further negotiations or agreements with the International Longshoremen's
Association.
(2.) On application former employees to be given such work as is available, married men
being given the preference, under the wages and conditions of work as contained in schedule
dated April 7th, 1923.
(3.) Former foremen who may desire to return to work to make application to the stevedoring contractors.
(4.) Checkers to be appointed as heretofore by the employers. G 36 Department of Labour. 1924
(5.) Coastal steamship lines which are not members of the Shipping Federation are not
to be included in this arrangement.
(6.) Men at present employed on the water-front to be retained as far as suitable.
(7.) Shipping Federation to agree to discuss with committee of their employees any
grievances that may arise or any change in conditions which the latter may desire to present.
(8.) Notice of work available to be given to the Powell Street office of the Employment
Service of Canada, and men to be sent from there to the ship's side or dock, where they will
be picked.
(9.) It is understood that during the period of readjustment following the re-engagement
of former employees a committee of the Trades and Labour Council will be available for consultation should any unforeseen difficulty arise in connection with this scheme of re-employment.
Closing Stages of the Dispute.
The situation was explained on December 3rd to a sub-committee of the Longshoremen's
Union. They in turn submitted it to their full Strike Committee of forty-two members, and
some time afterwards made a verbal communication to Mr. McNiven to the effect that the
proposal could not be entertained. However, it was afterwards decided to submit the matter
to the general body of members of the Union for their decision.
A mass meeting was held in the Dominion Hall on Friday afternoon, December 7th. A vote
was taken by ballot, when 584 voted in favour of going back to work and 327 for continuing
the strike.
The strike was accordingly called off. The pickets were removed, and on Monday morning,
December 10th, the ex-strikers began to register at the Powell Street Bureau for employment.
This arrangement was continued for a few months, after which the entire work of registration
was taken over by officials of the Shipping Federation.
A Strike in East Kootenay.
Only one dispute occurred during the year in the lumbering group of industries, which in
previous years have witnessed many disturbances. Towards the end of April and early in
May a strong movement was set on foot among the lumber-workers in the East Kootenay District
for better wages and conditions, and strikes were called at several mills and camps by the
I.W.W. The chief demands made were for a minimum wage of $4 for an eight-hour working-
day, the charge for board to be limited to $1 a day, this to include the supply of sheets and
blankets by the employers. A considerable amount of picketing was done by the strikers, whose
activities were directed by a central committee at Cranbrook. On May 21st the committee
announced that the strike had been called off and that the men would go back to work, but
would use " job-action tactics," such as the intermittent strike, etc., against individual companies
according to conditions existing on the respective jobs. Altogether about 800 men were affected
by the strike.
Dry-dock Construction Dispute.
The work on the construction of the new Dominion Government Dry-dock at Esquimalt had
been suspended for a period of five months owing to a break in the coffer-dam. This break having
been repaired, former employees were notified that work would be resumed on the morning of
June 11th. Eight of their number, however, refused to commence work until the company agreed
to pay them an advance of $1 a day over what they had! previously been receiving. They were
the men who had been engaged in operating small locomotives and others engaged as hoisting
engineers. On their demand being rejected they refused to recommence work, and three hoisting
engineers who were already employed ceased operations. This had the effect of preventing
other work from going forward which would have employed about 150 men, with a prospect
of this number being increased to 300 at an early date. The men presented their demands as
follows:—
(1.) That the hoisting engineers and derrick-men engaged upon the dry-dock contract should
be paid $1 per diem above the present wage scale, which is $6 per day.
(2.) That the men operating the small locomotives (donkey-engines) should also receive
an advance of $1 per day above the present scale of $6. 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 37
(3.) That the firemen employed upon hoist-engines should be paid 57% cents per hour
instead of 56% as at present.
It was suggested by the Dominion Government Fair Wages Officer that the employees
involved should resume work immediately and that any grievances they might have would be
investigated by him; but the men did not fall in with this suggestion and the work remained
in abeyance. In the course of negotiations the employers expressed their willingness to concede
an advance of pay to 80 cents an hour for hoisting engineers, donkey-locomotive engineers, and
derrick-men, and to 57% cents per hour for firemen. These terms proved acceptable to the men,
but the dispute was further complicated by a demand that the business agent of the men should
be admitted to the plant at all reasonable hours; and work was not resumed until June 21st.
Better Conditions demanded on Ships.
A strike was declared on June 29th by sailors and ship's firemen working on the ships of
the Canadian Government Merchant Marine operating ont of Vancouver. Some weeks before
this the Federated Sea-farers' Union had made a request for an increase of wages and better
food and conditions, and this not having been complied with, a referendum ballot was taken by
members of the Union, resulting in the decision to strike. As the ships came into port the men
were called out, something like a dozen ships being affected. In some cases they were tied up
in harbour for a time. Other ships were able to obtain new crews and to leave according to
schedule. The concessions which were being demanded were an increase of 33% per cent, in
wages, shorter hours on duty, an increased personnel in crew, and an increase in the food scale.
In a reply to a request for mediation the management expressed their willingness to discuss
all the demands except those relating to wages, on condition that active picketing was stopped
during the negotiations, but this was not agreed to. Altogether the dispute lasted for twelve
weeks and affected probably about 150 men. On September 19th the men took a vote on the
question of resuming work on the old conditions, and agreed to do so, the Union being informed
that there would be no discrimination against the strikers.
A Protracted Strike ended.
The strike of printers in Vancouver, which commenced on May 1st, 1921, was called off
on November 10th, 1923. Many individual employers had conceded the 44-hour week, and in
the latter part of the strike period there were only four firms affected.
Street-railway Crisis averted.
The upward trend of wages was shown by the outcome of a dispute affecting the street-
railway workers in Vancouver, Victoria, and New Westminster, which had threatened during
the months of August and September to develop into a serious strike. The origin of the dispute
went back for a number of years. In the period during and immediately after the war, when
the cost of living was steadily mounting, the men's rate of pay was advanced. At the end of
1921, the price of most commodities having fallen materially, the company appealed for a downward revision of wages, and a Conciliation Board decided for a reduction of 10 per cent. On
this basis work was continued for a period of twenty months, until in August last the men
requested that the 10 per cent, should be restored. Another Board of Conciliation, consisting
of Mr. A. M. Pound, Chairman; Mr. A. G. McCandless, representing the B.C. Electric Company;
and Mr. R. P. Pettipiece, representing the men, held numerous sittings during August and
September, and heard a large amount of- evidence relating to the cost of living, comparisons
with the wages of other workers, and the nature of the duties required. They eventually
recommended the Dominion Department of Labour to register an award which, broadly speaking,
met the demands of the men half-way, conceding to the main body of workers an advance of
from 5S% to 62 cents an hour. The figure prior to December, 1921, which the men had asked
to have restored, was 65 cents an hour. It was recommended that the new rate of pay should
be in operation for one year, to August 31st, 1924. Before the Board had made its report there
was a move on the part of a section of the men in Vancouver to force a stoppage of work unless
the 10 per cent, increase were granted immediately. It was feared that a complete stoppage
of the street-car service in Vancouver and vicinity might result from this action, but the
threatened strike was abandoned on receipt of a written and signed assurance from the members
of the Conciliation Board that a 62-cent rate would be the basis of the settlement. G 38
Department of Labour.
1924
Summary of Laboue Disputes fob 1923.
Industry or Occupation.
Particulars.
IHO^
o Bfci
Sal
Coal-miners—■
Michel	
Printers—
Vancouver..
Lumber- workers—■
East Kootenay..
Pile-drivers—■
Vancouver-
Engineers—■
Esquimalt..
Sailors and  Ships' Firemen—■
Vancouver	
Longshoremen—
Vancouver, Victoria,
etc	
Commenced January 3rd. Dispute arose over working conditions and men were out four days. Referred to joint
committee under existing agreement. Work resumed
January 8th
Commenced May, 1921. Men sought to establish a working-
week of 44 instead of 48 hours without change in weekly
wage. The shorter working-week was conceded by many
employers, and in later stages of dispute only four firms
were affected.    Strike called off November 10th, 1923
Commenced about end of April. Strike called by I.W.W. and
affected several mills and camps. Strikers" demands were
for a $4 daily minimum wage, with charge for board,
including sheets and blankets, limited to $1 per day.
Strike committee, which met at Cranbrook, called the
strike off on May 21st
Commenced May 1st. Men demanded increased wages and
working  expenses,  such  as  overtime,  travelling  expenses,
■ and fare to and from outside jobs. Work resumed on
10th, with conditions not substantially altered
Commenced June 11th. Men operating small locomotives and
hoisting engineers demanded an advance of $1 a day and
firemen from 56% to 57% cents an hour. Increase
requested for firemen was conceded and the pay of others
was advanced 5 cents an hour.    Work resumed June 21st
Commenced June 29th. 'Men working on Canadian Government Merchant Marine ships operating out of Vancouver
requested an increase in wages and better conditions.
These were not granted and men were called out from the
ships as they came into port. An offer by the management to discuss terms of settlement on condition picketing
was stopped was not agreed to. On September 4th the
men by vote agreed to resume work on the old conditions
Commenced October Sth. The existing agreement between the
Shipping Federation and the Longshoremen's Association
being about to expire, the men asked for an increase in
pay for handling lumber or wheat cargoes, the right to
pick gangs for outside points, and the right to refuse to
work on ships which the International Longshoremen's
Association considered unfair. The Federation were willing
to grant the increase on wheat and to negotiate on some
of the other demands. The men were called out and the
Federation at once began to engage outsiders for the work,
for which there were a large number of applicants. At
first many ships were delayed, but work went on in spite
of picketing by the strikers. A number of cases of violence
were reported. Attempts at mediation, in which the Deputy
Minister of Labour, Mr. J. D. McNiven, took a prominent
part, were unavailing for a time, but on December 7th the
men by a majority vote agreed to return to work
670
460
2,680
2,700
8,280
60
12
720
108
2,500
1,500
50,000 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 39
GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT SERVICE.
General Superintendent   Jas. H. McVety, 714 Richards Street, Vancouver.
Branch Offices.
Vancouver,  714  Richards  Street  "]
Vancouver, 53 Pow7ell Street   j. W.  S. Dickson, Superintendent.
Vancouver   (Women's Branch), 714 Richards Street  |
Victoria, Langley and Broughton Streets )       _: ■ _   , .        _        ._,    .    .
,.. .    . '   _7 .   _        , .° , , _        .,      ..     > H. Cnsford, Superintendent.
Victoria (Women s Branch), Langley and Broughton Sts. j
New Westminster  M. Standbridge, Superintendent.
Nanaimo  J. T. Carrigan,  Superintendent.
Kamloops - J. H. How, Superintendent.
Vernon G. E. Street, Superintendent.
Penticton  .:.. A. Gilley, Superintendent.
Nelson  G. Anderson, Superintendent.
Cranbrook  J. E. Kennedy, Superintendent.
Fernie  -       J. L. McIntyre, Superintendent.
Revelstoke  - — H. N. Coursier, Superintendent.
Prince Rupert  J. M. Campbell, Superintendent.
Prince George  G. C. Sinclair,  Superintendent.
The period dealt with in this statement, which represents the fifth annual report of the
British Columbia branch of the Employment Service of Canada, is the year ended December
31st, 1923. The Service is both Federal and Provincial in character, the Dominion Government
contributing a proportion not exceeding one-half of the operating expenses, the administration
within the Province being carried on as a branch of the Department of Labour.
There are sixteen offices oi>erating in this Province, the number remaining the same as
during the preceding year. The Kelowna office was closed at the end of February and an office
opened in Penticton during the month of July, as it was considered that the Vernon office,
situated only 34 miles from Kelowna, could very easily handle the business offering in the
northern end of the valley, the Penticton office supplying the labour requirements not only of
the fruit-growers in the South Okanagan, but all of the southern portion of the Province served
by the railway and steamboat services which radiate from that point. The offices are located
as follows: Vancouver' (3), Victoria (2), Nanaimo, Prince Rupert, Prince George, Fernie, Cranbrook, Nelson, Revelstoke, Kamloops, Vernon, Penticton, and New Westminster. In Vancouver
and Victoria separate offices are provided for the employment of women.
Unemployment.
During the early part of the year there was a considerable amount of unemployment in
the Cities of Vancouver and Victoria and the surrounding municipalities. To relieve this, the
Provincial Government carried on land-clearing operations on the University tract at Point
Grey and provided other work in the vicinity of Victoria for residents of that district. The
work was restricted to married men or those with others dependent on them for support, and
greatly relieved the distress which existed in the community as a result of unemployment. As
the spring work opened up the unemployed were gradually absorbed by the industries of the
Province, and only 500 were sent to the Prairie Provinces for spring ploughing and seeding,
as compared with 1,600 sent at the same season the previous year.
During the summer months, owing to a surplus of logs and fire hazard, a great many of
the logging camps in the Coast area were closed, but the shortage of employment from this
cause was taken care of by the opportunity of engaging in harvest labour in the Provinces of
Alberta and Saskatchewan, approximately 5,000 men being sent from this Province for this
work. The greater opportunities for employment during the summer months enabled practically
every physically able man who desired work to obtain it, with the result that the closing-down
of seasonal industries, while it threw the usual number out of employment, did not occasion
the immediate distress which has prevailed during the fall and winter for several years past.
Business transacted dueing the Yeae.
The volume of business transacted by the Employment Service in British Columbia is very
comprehensively outlined in the tables appearing on another page, showing the transactions both G 40
Department of Labour.
1924
by offices and months. Although the Fernie, Kamloops, and Victoria offices show a small eon-
traction in the volume of business as compared with the preceding year, the aggregate number
of placements for the year under review shows an increase of 25 per cent. Part of this increase
is due to the increasing popularity of the Service with power yarding and skidding logging
operators in the Coast area, who until this year obtained their labour-supply from other sources.
Two of the largest of the latter type of operator, together with a number of the smaller ones,
are now securing all their men through the Employment Service, and as the employers become
aware that competent men can be obtained from the Government Service, the demand from this
industry is likely to increase. The increase in the volume of business noted is also due to
improved industrial conditions and to a more general recognition that the Employment Service
is being operated on business lines. '
The chart shows graphically the rise and fall of applications for employment, employers'
orders, and placement of applicants, by weeks. A steady but gradual increase in the number
of employers' orders and placements is somewhat disturbed during the month of February owing
to the number of men employed on the land-clearing relief-work carried on by the Provincial
Government.
The seasonal occupations in connection with various branches of agriculture are responsible
for the somewhat erratic movement during June, July, and August, the rapid rise in the latter
month being accounted for by the sending of harvest-labourers to the Prairie Provinces.
Business transacted by Months for Year 1923.
Month.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out B.C.
January	
February	
March	
April	
May	
June	
July	
August	
September	
October	
November	
December „
Total
10,280
9,211
10,797
8,934
10,177
7,568
7,225
14,447
6,795
6,934
7,180
10,700
110,254
2,448
3,213
3,850
4,157
5,084
4,763
5,090
5,495
4,796
3,986
3,228
3,906
50,016
2,312
3,007
3,532
3,798
4,765
4,179
4,573
4,821
4,038
3,749
3,283
3,768
45,825
92
72
169
189
247
129
161
318
317
288
262
175
181
84
70
85
4,824
49
6
1
1
5,379
Business transacted by Offices during 1923.
Office.
Applications.
Employers'
Orders.
Placements.
Transfers
in B.C.
Transfers
out 'B.C.
Cranbrook	
Fernie	
Kamloops -	
Kelowna (office closed February 28th)
Nanaimo  -	
Nelson _.	
New Westminster	
Penticton (office opened July 14th)	
Prince George  	
Prince Rupert	
Revelstoke -  	
Vancouver   (Richards Street)	
Vancouver (Powell Street)	
Vancouver (Women)	
Vernon	
Victoria (Men)	
Victoria (Women) - .....
Totals _	
3,944
479
2,947
60
1,810
4,653
4.694
1,414
1,496
6,011
017
22,338
29,114
12,230
3,673
10,071
4',403
110,254
4,037
446
1,697
7
672
2,223
1,865
858
2,342
2,280
974
4,486
15,108
5,618
1,689
3,164
2,550
IjbVoYlT
3,511
777
1,237
6
652
1,883
1,659
667
1,995
2,007
941
4,210
14,721
5,245
1,223
3,119
1,972
45,825
262
2
17
90
4
1
105
29
15
452
1,248
152
14
10
18
2,419
24
39
33
99
471
30
1
19
2,817
1,272
157
65
320
32
1,379 14 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 41
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"<»   ^ ^   ■*   ■»    ■*   ^*   ■"<    'l'73'^~i«ii»)^,77J^<7t<M'^<\{li'7«   \   \sNS    \ G 42 Department of Labour. ■   1924
The number of applicants shows a very rapid increase during the month of December,
caused by the conclusion of a strike of water-front workers, one of the conditions of settlement
being that the former employees would be hired through the Government Employment Service,
this causing a heavy registration of this class of applicant.
Haevest-laboueees eob Peaieie Provinces.
The arrangement made with the Employment Service officials of the Provinces of Alberta
and Saskatchewan in 1921-22 to take available experienced farm-labourers for spring seeding
and ploughing in the spring of the year and harvest-labourers in the month of August was
continued during the past year. The railways granted reduced rates during a limited period,
and the men were guaranteed employment and a minimum wage by the Employment Service
officials of the Provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Five thousand' and sixty-nine men and
210 women were sent to the Prairies for farm-work, 2,358 of those sent being in possession of
letters from farmers by whom they were previously employed, offering an engagement for the
current season. This number increased from 1,004 sent under the same circumstances during
1922. Where employer and employee are mutually satisfied an ideal condition has been reached,
and it is very satisfactory to note that the people sent from British Columbia have proven their
worth to the employers in the Prairie Provinces. There has been the same absence of complaints
noted in previous years, and the general report from the harvesters on their return at the conclusion of the season was to the effect that they had received higher wages than were promised,
and that the employment from a standpoint of net return was satisfactory. Another important
point in connection with this branch of the work was the number of men who are making homes
on the land in this Province who took advantage of the opportunity to earn money to assist
them in developing their own farms, the Prairie work offering at a season of the year when
work in their own districts was becoming somewhat scarce. By affording this opportunity this
very desirable class of citizen, who intend ultimately to make their living from the land, is
very materially assisted, as they return to their homes with sufficient means to enable them
to work on their own places during the winter instead of swelling the ranks of the unemployed
in the cities and towns. It should also be mentioned in this connection that local superintendents
in the outlying districts where land is available and settlement is taking place have been
instructed to give settlers the preference of employment in such seasonal work as is available
in the district, w7hich prior to the arrival of settlers has been performed by transients, many
of whom are not citizens. This policy is giving an opportunity, particularly in Northern British
Columbia, to settlers to engage in bush-work during the winter months, thus placing them in
a better position to develop their farm lands during the balance of the year.
The Fbuit Industey.
In many sections of the Province the principal activity is the raising of berries, small fruits,
apples, peaches, etc., and as the acreage under cultivation increases, the problem of securing
labour to pick and pack the crops becomes more difficult. Owing to comparatively low prices
received by the growers for their products during the past few years, they have found it difficult
to offer remuneration sufficiently high to attract pickers from the cities and towns.
The work is, of course, seasonal, and the seasons are short, but coming as they do during
the busiest part of the year, the labour required must be recruited from the ranks of the older
boys and girls who find it necessary or desirable to earn money during the school vacation. This
supply is augmented to some extent by women who follow other occupations but make a temporary
change during the summer for various reasons.
It is one of the tasks of the Emploment Service to recruit, mobilize, and supply the labour
necessary in the branches of this important industry. Where the fruit-growing is carried on
close to cities or large towns and the pickers can return to their own homes at night, there is
comparatively little difficulty experienced in securing the necessary help, but pickers who must
camp or board, owing to the distance, are more difficult to secure. The living conditions are
expected, by the boys and girls who have probably left home for the first time, to be as good
as they are accustomed to, and if this expectation is not realized dissatisfaction and homesickness play a strong part in reducing the labour-supply of the growers. Some of the large growers
have made excellent arrangements for the comfort of their pickers, and their efforts to secure
help usually.meet with greater success than those who provide poor accommodation and have 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 43
a bad reputation among the pickers. Even those growers who provide the most ideal conditions
are unable to secure the return of more than 10 per cent, of the pickers employed during the
previous season, which shows that, particularly in the berry-growing districts, practically an
entire new force must be recruited each year.
How the Service assists the Growers.
During the seasons under review the offices of the Employment Service supplied approximately 1,200 pickers, and it was found necessary to advertise extensively and to open special
offices in order to secure this number. In the Okanagan Valley an office was opened in Penticton
to serve better the industry in that end of the valley, and the local superintendent at Vernon
was placed in the field 'for a period of three months in order to give the maximum service to
those engaged in this more or less financially hazardous industry. Officers have also attended
meetings of the growers in various parts of the Province for the purpose of discussing the many
angles of the situation, and these meetings are usually followed by a mutual understanding that
results in better service to the growers, and through them to the community. As they come to
realize that living conditions and remuneration are the principal factors in recruiting the help
required and meet the demands to the best of their ability, it will be found that this policy will
be the greatest safeguard against the labour shortages of several seasons past. Some of the
growers have relied on the hope of securing the necessary help from the United States or the
Prairie Provinces, but it has been found impossible during the past three years to induce pickers
to come from Washington, as the supply is fully employed in taking care of the crops in that
State. Distance, expense, and the short duration of employment make the employment an unprofitable venture for young women from the Prairie Provinces, and the permanence and success
of the industry, in so far as labour is concerned, depends on the ability of the growers to attract
the necessary help from within a radius of 50 to 100 miles from the districts where the pickers
are required.
Placement oe Disabled ex-Soldiebs.
By the special direction of the Honourable Minister of Labour, .the officials of the Employment Service, in the early part of the year, gave much attention to the question of placing in
employment ex-service men who had received injuries while overseas. Steps were taken to
follow up the letter of appeal which the Honourable Minister addressed to employers of labour.
As four-fifths of the male members of the Employment Service staff are ex-service men, and
three-fifths of this number are suffering in varying degrees from disabilities received overseas,
the cause of the ex-service man requires no special pleading in order to secure for them the
maximum results. The majority of the disabled ex-service men have settled in the Coast cities,
and this has occurred to such a degree that there is practically no unemployment among handicapped ex-service men in other portions of the Province. Local Employment Service superintendents, elsewhere than in Vancouver and Victoria, have more than once been asked to report
specially on this matter, and their reports show that they have very few handicapped ex-soldiers
to deal with.   In the two cities mentioned, however, the situation is very different.
During the year approximately 350 handicapped men were placed in positions of various
kinds, without taking into account the large number of men suffering from minor injuries who
feel that they get along better by concealing the fact that they received injuries overseas, and
who are placed by our offices in the ordinary course of business. The duration of the employment ranged from a few hours' work to permanent positions, many of the men because of their
physical condition being extremely difficult to place at all. In so far as the Employment Service
is concerned, there will be no relaxation in the effort to place the physically handicapped in
suitable employment.
Government and Peivate Employment Offices.
The practice of charging workmen for directing them to employment has, owing to the
legislation in force in this Province which makes it an offence to receive a " fee or compensation,"
practically ceased. A number of private agencies, however, still continue to operate in the City
of Vancouver, confining their work almost exclusively to the supply of labour for the logging
companies operating in the Coast area. These agencies are maintained by individual employers
or employers' associations, those in charge receiving a salary for their service. Two offices are
operated by individuals who at the beginning of the year charged the employers for whom they acted either on a per capita basis for the men supplied or on a monthly rate based on the amount
of business transacted.
Early in the year informations were laid against a number of private employment agents,
charging that they " did unlawfully receive compensation, directly or indirectly, for sending
persons seeking employment to apply for employment." The charges were heard by the Police
Magistrate of the City of Vancouver and dismissed by him for the reason that the Statutes
" did not prohibit the collection and receipt by an employment agent of a fee or compensation
from an employer for sending a person seeking employment from the said City of Vancouver
or elsewhere to such employer at Chemainus aforesaid, or elsewhere, for employment by him,
but that the Act is designed to protect the employee and is intended to prohibit the collection
of such fee- or compensation from an employee only." An appeal was taken to the Supreme
Court from the decision of the Magistrate by way of a stated case, which was heard before
Mr. Justice Murphy on May 3rd, the decision of the Magistrate being reversed. At the request
of counsel the Court gave reasons for judgment, in which, after quoting the section of the
Statute, it is stated: " There is nothing in this language confining the operation of the section
to collecting or receiving money from the employee. The prohibition is without qualification."
In the concluding paragraph, however, he expresses the opinion that employers are not prevented
from keeping up employment agencies provided the payment of such agencies is not made
contingent on the relationship of employer and employee being established. In other words, if
the employment agent receives a monthly allowance instead of being paid on a per capita basis
for the men supplied, this method, in the opinion of the Judge, is lawful.
A Second Case dismissed.
For the purpose of obtaining a conclusive decision regarding the interpretation to be placed
upon the Statute, another information was laid against a private agent whose remuneration
was fixed on a monthly basis. The Magistrate dismissed the information and held that he was
bound by the opinion expressed by Mr. Justice Murphy, that to receive payment on a monthly
basis is not an offence under the Act. An appeal was taken from the Magistrate's decision to
the County Court, the effect being that a new trial was held before Judge Cayley on June 29th.
Decision was reserved, and on October 15th the decision of the Magistrate was reversed, the
appeal allowed, and the employment agent fined $10.
In oral reasons for judgment the Judge stated: " In McVety vs. Joy (the case decided by
Mr. Justice Murphy) the Judge held that there is nothing in the language of the Statutes confining the operation of the section to collecting or receiving money from the employee. In this
matter the company hired the defendant at a monthly rate, irrespective of whether he sent up
a sufficient number of workmen or not. In other words, the employer did not pay the agent
per head. I do not known that this makes any difference. His business was to send up employees ; that was what he was; paid for, and whether they were paid for in a lump sum or
monthly salary to the agent, or whether the agent got so much per head, seems to me to make
no difference. I do not interpret McVety vs. Joy as suggesting that employers and the employees
may keep up employment agencies without contravening the Statutes. There is something in
the judgment relating to a state of affairs which does not exist in this case, this case resembling
more nearly the ordinary case of agent acting for pay in a manner now forbidden."
Co-operation and Influence of the Service.
The close co-operation which has existed between the Employment Service and the Pacific
District of the Department of Immigration has been continued during the period under review.
As a result, the immigration officials have at their disposal first-hand and reliable information
regarding industrial conditions, which is of considerable assistance in dealing with applications
for the admission of aliens. The Commissioner for the Pacific District refers to this co-operation
in the Annual Beport of the Department of Immigration and Colonization for the year ended
March 31st, 1923, as follows :—
" During the year 72 applications were filed from employers in this district for the admission
of labour, which it was claimed could not be procured, in Canada to fill vacancies occurring.
These applications covered 451 positions; as the result of investigation by the Employment Service 310 were refused and the positions filled by persons resident in Canada; admission was
approved of in 141 cases.   It will thus be seen that the close co-operation between the Employ- 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 45
ment Service and this Department has produced excellent results, particularly in view of the
industrial conditions which existed during a considerable part of the period under review."
Assistance to Female Immigrants.
The facilities offered by the Employment Service have also been widely used by the Women's
Division of the Department of Immigration in assisting women who have come to this country
under the auspices of that Department. Before women engaged for domestic service are permitted to go forward to employers in the more isolated portions of the Province, a report is
usually requested from the nearest Employment Service superintendent regarding the conditions
the household worker may expect to find, and this information frequently saves a long journey
and considerable expenditure of money.
An increasing number of Dominion and Provincial Government departments are using the
Employment Offices to secure the labour necessary to carry on their work, and branches of
Government, semi-public bodies, banks, employers, and citizens generally, now accept the Employment Service as an industrial barometer and consult its officers frequently regarding this
important phase in the life of the Province. Practically every organization in receipt of letters
of inquiry where the prospect of employment is one of the subjects on which information is
requested refer these applications to the Employment Service, and these are received from
practically every part of the British Empire in addition to the United States and other foreign
countries farther afield. As much depends on the accuracy of information supplied in response
to these requests, an effort is made to supply definite, accurate, and up-to-date information
regarding the industry and the portion of the Province in which the applicant is interested.
That this policy is appreciated is shown by the large number of letters received from those
who have benefited by it.
The Employment Service, as a branch of the Department of Labour, has passed through
all of the experimental stages and is now recognized as an essential unit in the growth and
development of the industrial life of the Province. G 46 Department of Labour. 1924
INSPECTION OF FACTORIES.
Chief  Factories Inspector R. J.  Stewart.
Inspector  '.  H.   Douglas.
Inspector   ... Miss  J.  Dickinson.
Inspector  Miss Violet Smart.
(Succeeding the late Mrs. Winifred Mahon.)
Office   Court-house, Vancouver.
The following report was submitted by the Chief Inspector of Factories:—
I am pleased to be able to report more activity in practically all lines of industry with
which we come in contact. Our inspection-work affords us an opportunity to note the signs
of returning prosperity to the Province. Particularly has this been noticed in the lumber-mills,
a number of which have been employing regular night shifts during the winter months in order
to cope with the demand for the products of our forests. Our duties also afford us an opportunity to note the expansion of some of our smaller industries. Quite a number of instances
could be cited where small manufacturing plants employing five or six persons, in order to
supply the increasing demand for their products, have either moved or are in the course of
moving to larger and more commodious quarters. Before securing larger premises, however,
the proprietors of these industries have, in most cases, consulted us in regard to the requirements of the " Factories Act."
Accident-prevention.
As in previous years, particular attention has been given to seeing that the machinery in
the manufacturing plants coming under our notice is as safe for the workers employed therein
as is possible to make it, and, judging by the decreasing number of accidents to be investigated
and Coroners' inquests to be attended, we assume that each succeeding year is one of advanced
progress in the campaign for accident-prevention. The only possible way to guage the success
of efforts expended in the preservation of life and limb is by the accident frequency in any
given industry. Frequent accidental injuries to employees in a plant almost invariably indicate
that proper protective measures are not being taken.
The general conditions in a plant soon indicate the attitude of the management, and a
management which is indifferent to the adoption of safety measures and the promotion of
accident-prevention may expect a smaller production per man, due to a certain extent to a
general lack of confidence in the plant.
In justice to the executives of the majority of our industrial plants, I would state that
they are interested in conserving the safety, health, and comfort of their employees, realizing
that their obligations to them do not end with the weekly pay envelope.
Before concluding the subject of accident-prevention, I desire to pay tribute to the efforts
of the superintendents, foremen, and workmen for the co-operation we have received in our
efforts to improve the working conditions in this Province.
Lighting.
Continuous attention has been given the subject of proper lighting in factories. In some
instances we have found that the managements' energies have been expended along the line
of proper illumination, largely for the sole purpose of enabling the employees to increase their
. production. While this is desirable, it is also necessary that dark passage-ways, landings of
stairways, and other dangerous places be provided with proper illumination. In fact, it seems
proper to include illumination in the list of mechanical safeguards, as a light points out the
hazards just as effectively as a railing points out the danger of revolving shafting or pulleys.
It is also very important that the lighting system be installed in such a manner as to
avoid glare, as this is one of the most common and serious faults of lighting installations. We
have in mind one particular case where the female employees were troubled with severe headaches, and considerable time was lost on this account. The proprietor had a complete new
lighting system installed, and the lamps provided with reflectors which eliminated all glare
to the operators' eyes. After the installation had been completed and in operation for a time
we visited the plant, and were informed by the proprietor that the employees did not complain
of headaches, and production had increased to a considerable extent. 14 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 47
Elevator  Risks.
Vertical transportation as exemplified by the passenger-elevator of to-day is used by all
classes, perhaps more than any other form of conveyance, but the hazards in connection with
its operation differ materially from those of any other mode of transportation. While rails
(guide-rails) are a requisite of all elevator installations, there is practically no possibility of
the cars leaving the rails and injuring the occupants of the elevator. Nor is there any possibility of an accident through collision of one elevator with another, as frequently happens
with a train, street-car, or automobile.
Statistics prove that once the passenger has safely entered or left the elevator, he has
succeeded in overcoming the contributing factors of 85 per cent, of the elevator accidents of
to-day, as it is while entering or leaving the car that the more serious and frequent accidents
occur.
As stated in previous reports on this subject, the only effective way to eliminate accidents
of this nature is to have either electrical or mechanical equipment installed which will prevent
the movement of the car until the doors are closed and locked. During the past year, upon
completion of our elevator inspections, we have explained to several owners of buildings the
advantages of this equipment, with the result that a number have had these safety devices
installed on their elevators, while others are at present negotiating with the supply-houses for
details, prices, etc. We hope that the day is not far distant when all passenger-elevator installations throughout the Province will be equipped with some form of interlock, a number of
which have passed the experimental stage and are now on the market.
A Regrettable Fatality.
I regret to have to record a fatal accident which occurred in Vancouver to a young girl
14 years of age. During the investigation of this fatality and attendance at the Coroner's
inquest the following facts were brought out:—
The father of the girl was the caretaker of the building, assuming these duties a short
time before the accident occurred. His sworn testimony was to the effect that on the night
of the accident he was answering a telephone call in the office when the elevator-bell rang.
His daughter, who was in the office at the time, disregarding previous warnings from her father,
the proprietor, and Inspectors, ran past him and took the elevator to the upper floor before
he had a chance to stop her. When the car arrived at the top floor a short circuit caused it
to reverse, and she, not knowing what to do in an emergency of this kind, tried to get out of
the car, and in doing so received injuries which later proved fatal.
Peosecutions.
Informations were laid and convictions secured against thirteen Oriental laundries in Vancouver for infraction of the law, and fines totaling $800 were imposed. We found it necessary
to prosecute the same offenders a number of times before observance of the law respecting the
operation of laundries was obtained.
Hours of Laboue.
The enforcement of the 4S-hour week for female employees in factories has been steadily
maintained, though some of the smaller employers seem to be of the opinion that the hours
of labour should be determined by the state of trade. During the year a number of requests
have been made for overtime permits. These have been granted in cases where the conditions
were found to warrant the request. Several requests have also been made for permission to
work employees on statutory holidays. Requests of this nature have not been readily acceded
to, as we believe that a large majority of the employees are averse to being compelled to work
on holidays.
\ /
G 48 Department of Labour. 1924
REPORT OF THE MINIMUM WAGE BOARD.
Officials of the Board :
Miss Mabel A. Cameron,  Secretary  Parliament Buildings,   Victoria.
Miss Violet Smart, Inspector  Court-house,   Vancouver.
(.Succeeding the late Mrs. Winifred Mahon.)
To the Honourable the Minister of Labour,
Province of British Columbia.
Sir,—We have the honour to present the sixth annual report of the Minimum Wage Board
of British Columbia, dealing with the activities of the Board for the year ended December 31st,
1023.
During that period sixteen meetings were held, some in Victoria and the remainder in Vancouver.   The year under review was a busy period.
Confeeence on Manufacturing Industry.
The most important event of the year was the Conference held in July on the manufacturing
industry. Since September, 1919, an Order had been in effect prescribing a weekly minimum
wage of $14 for experienced workers in all classes of the industry. Availing themselves of the
right granted under section 9 of the " Minimum Wage Act," employers classed under the manufacturing group petitioned for a re-opening of the Order. The Board acceded to their request
and convened a Conference in accordance with the Act. To represent the employers the Board
appointed Mr. J. H. McDonald, of the B.C. Manufacturing Company, Ltd., New Westminster;
Mr. George A. Campbell, of Campbell's, Ltd., Vancouver; and Mr. William Ramsay, of Ramsay
Bros., Ltd., Vancouver.
The case for the employees was ably upheld by Mrs. F. Dolk, tailoress; Mrs. Louise Wester-
man, garment-worker; and Miss Elizabeth McCartney, boot and shoe worker, all of Vancouver.
The third group of conferees, representing the public, was composed of Mrs. H. P. Hodges,
Victoria; Mrs. Amy Ward, North Vancouver; and Rev. J. Richmond Craig, Vancouver.
Three public sessions were held in Vancouver on July 17th, that in the evening being
arranged especially for the benefit of employees who desired to submit evidence or listen to
the proceedings. It was most gratifying to the Board to have such an enthusiastic and wholehearted response to the invitation to be present, the large room in which the meeting was
held being crowded to capacity with eager workers ready to impart much valuable information.
During the day sessions the employers turned out in goodly numbers and many women's
organizations evinced their hearty interest by sending representatives to take part in the discussion. Delegates from the Vancouver Trades and Labour Council were also in attendance
and contributed freely to the evidence brought before the Conference.
Mr. J. D. McNiven, Chairman of the Board, presided at the meetings, and in his opening
remarks explained the objects of the Conference, and that it had been called at the request
of the employers.
Considerable data on the cost of living had been gathered by the Board in advance of the
meeting, and further evidence on this question was taken at the public hearings.
A Memoeandum by Employees.
At the opening session Mr. George D. Moir read a lengthy memorandum setting forth the
views of the employers, and particularly stressing their desire for a reduction of the existing
weekly wage of $14. Contending that the manufacturers of British Columbia were suffering
from unfair competition with Eastern Provinces, where in some instances no minimum-wage
law was in effect and in others a much lower rate existed, therefore the employers believed a
fair minimum would be $12.50, and recommended the adoption of that figure.
The memorandum referred to minimum-wage rates hitherto set by the Board as having
been fixed upon the basis of self-supporting women—living away from home—and voiced the
conviction of employers that most British Columbia workers lived with their parents. Under
these circumstances they urged the women are not under as heavy expense as those working
in large centres of population like Toronto, where many girls employed in factories come from
homes outside the city. The memorandum further referred to the method adopted by the
Ontario Wage Board of setting rates graduated  according to  the population  of the  various 1.4 Geo. 5 Report of the Deputy Minister. G 49
centres, towns, etc., the highest amount—$12.50—being prescribed for workers in Toronto,
decreasing to $10 for the smaller towns and villages. It was contended that much manufacturing was done in Ontario centres, where the rate was $11.50, or $1 per week less than was
suggested in the memorandum for British Columbia. It was further stated that while the
time had perhaps not yet arrived in this Province to justify a graduated scale based on population, these points were emphasized in order to bring out the difficulties of the employers in
meeting competition.
The memorandum then dealt with the matter of hours, and while the manufacturers
admitted that 48 hours was a reasonable maximum working period, they asked that discretionary, power be granted to the Factory Inspector to allow iu exceptional cases a longer
working period than 52 hours.
Dealing with the apprenticeship rates, the employers recommended that all learners coming
within the scope of the Order, irrespective of age, be placed on an equal footing, that the
learning periods be fixed at 6, 12, and 18 months, and that the rates of pay for these learning
periods be respectively $7, $8.50, and $10.50 weekly, after which the employee would be entitled
to the full minimum.
A $14 Weekly Minimum betained.
Lengthy discussion on the various phases of the employers' memorandum followed. During
the evening session much valuable information was submitted by employees in different branches
of the industry. They were unanimous in opposing the cut in wages proposed by the employers,
and many advocated an advance over the $14 rate then in effect.
The public hearing was terminated at a late hour in the evening, and the following morning
the conferees met. to consider the evidence and make their recommendations to the Board. At
the outset the views of the various groups appeared to be rather divergent, but an amicable
spirit of mutual consideration was displayed, and the final result was a unanimous recommendation to retain the $14 weekly minimum for a working period of 48 hours. The conferees decided
to leave the adjustment of the learners' wages to the Board.
These recommendations were accepted by the Board and terms for the inexperienced were
set in the various divisions of the manufacturing industry. The new Orders for experienced
and inexperienced workers came into force on November 20th, 1923. A resume of these is
included in this report, together with the other Orders now in effect.
Appointment of an Inspector.
Aii important change in the work of administering the Act was made in February last.
With a view of securing a more complete observance of the Orders of the Board, the decision
to appoint a woman Inspector to visit factories and places of business where women are employed was approved by the Honourable the Minister of Labour, on the recommendation of the
Deputy Minister, and Mrs. Winifred Mahon, of Vancouver, was duly appointed to this position.
As the duties involved some amount of co-operation with the Factory Inspection Branch of
the Department, the Vancouver office of the Minimum Wage Board was moved from the Vancouver Block to the Court-house, with Mrs. Mahon in charge.
Since entering upon her duties the Inspector has paid a large number of visits to industrial
and other establishments, and has made effective representations to the parties concerned where
undesirable conditions were found to exist.
Cases taken into Coubt.
As it is now felt that the conditions of employment laid down by the " Minimum Wage
Act" should be familiar to employers, there has been less reluctance than formerly in pressing
for the legal penalty when it was found that there had been infractions of the Act. In several
instances informations have resulted in cases being taken into Court. In the first of these,
which was taken against a hotelkeeper under the Telephone Order and heard in April, three
breaches of the Act and Order were proved—failure to post the Order, working an employee
seven days in the week, and failure to pay the minimum wage—and for each offence a fine of
$25 was imposed. A case of working excessive, hours was taken into Court in June and the
offender fined $25. In September two employers who w7ere charged with failure to post Orders
and with requiring employees to work excessive hours were both fined $25 in each case, and
in December a charge of supplying false information to an official of the Board and permitting
employees to work excessive hours resulted in two fines of $25 each being imposed on another
4 G 50
Department of Labour.
1924
employer. In two other instances in which informations had been laid the cases were withdrawn without being taken into Court. Of these seven cases, five were under the Public Housekeeping Order, one under the Telephone Order, and one under the Office Order. The defendants
in these actions were mostly of foreign birth.
Revision of Wage Rates.
The returns which employers of women and girls are asked to make to the Board once a
year have afforded another means of checking the amount of wages paid. In some cases where
employers have evidently been under the impression that they were entitled to some degree
of exemption from the operation of the Act, investigation has led to a revision of the wages
paid, and increases of pay which were made in this and other ways, after checking up the
returns of last December, have amounted to $169.48 a week. While it is possible that in some
of these cases there may have been sufficient evidence to sustain a prosecution, the Board felt
that the situation would be fittingly dealt with by the restitution of back pay. Other employees
w7ho had been underpaid have received during the year various amounts aggregating $1,154.70.
The Board, however, wishes it to be understood that the friendly settlement of these cases
out of Court should not be taken as precedents to be followed in future actions.
Conniving at Violations of the Law.
In a number of cases which have come before the Board, where the wage paid has been
found to be less than the legal minimum, it has transpired that girls have accepted positions at
a low wage, and have continued to work for some time under such conditions, even after they
were fully aware that they were conniving at a violation of the law. Only after this has been
going on for some time, and possibly then after they have had a disagreement with their
employer, or been laid off, have they reported the circumstances to the Board and asked for
redress to be obtained. Sometimes the delay or the circumstances of the case have complicated
the issue, but usually the position is perfectly clear; the employer is liable both to prosecution
and for the difference between the legal minimum and the amount actually paid from the
time the employee entered his service. It is singular that any employer is willing to run these
risks, when experience shows that, by paying the full legal wage from the commencement, he
would probably obtain help of a more efficient kind.
Women and girls who, knowing the minimum wage, agree to accept less are themselves
conniving at a violation of the law beside injuring their fellow-workers. It is essential to the
successful administration of the Act that both employers and employees  abide by the  law.
SUMMARY OF ORDERS.
For convenient reference a summary of the Orders now in force is herewith appended:—
MERCANTILE INDUSTRY.
This includes all establishments operated for the purpose of trade in the purchase or sale of any
goods or merchandise; and includes the work of all female employees engaged therein on the sales
force; the wrapping force; the auditing or check-inspection force; the shoppers' force in the mailorder department; the receiving, marking, and stock-room employees; sheet-music saleswomen; and
those otherwise engaged in the sale, purchase, or distribution of any goods or merchandise.
Weekly Minimum   Wage.
Inexperienced
Workers.
Experienced Woekbbs. ,
Under
18
Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$12.75.   Hourly rate, 26 Vie cents.
$  7 50
8 00
8 50
9 00
9 50
10 00
10 50
11 50
for
1st   3 mor
2nd 3
3rd  3
4th   3
5th   3
6th   3
7th   3
8th   3
ths.
$ 9 00 for 1st   3 months.
10 00    „    2nd 3
11 00    „    3rd   3
12 00    „    4th   3
Licences   required   in   this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Time worked in excess of 48 hours must be paid for at
the hourly rate.
Order has been in force since February 24th, 1919. 14 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 51
LAUNDRY, CLEANING, AND DYEING INDUSTRIES.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Inexperienced
Workers.
Under IS Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$13.50.   Hourly rate, 28% cents.
$ 8 00 for 1st   4 months.
$ 9 00 for 1st   4 months.
8 50    „    2nd 4        „
10 50    „    2nd 4
9 00    „    3rd   4
12 00    „    3rd   4
10 00    „    4th   4
11 00    „    5th   4        ,,
Licences   required  in   this
12 00    „    0th   4
class.
Above rates are based on a 4S-hour week. Maximum working period 48 hours, governed by
" Factories Act."
Order has been in force since March 31st, 1919.
PUBLIC HOUSEKEEPING OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of waitresses, attendants, housekeepers, janitresses, cooks, and kitchen
help in restaurants, hotels, tea-rooms, ice-cream parlours, light-lunch stands, and other places where
food is cooked, prepared, and served for which a charge is made; and the work of chambermaids in
hotels, lodging-houses, and apartments where lodging is furnished, whether or not such establishments
are operated independently or in connection with any other business; and the work of all female
elevator operators.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.   Hourly rate,  29%  cents.
$12 00
$12 00
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. In emergency cases 52 hours may be worked. Time and
one-half shall be paid for work in excess of 48 hours and up to 52 hours.
When lodging is furnished, not more than $3 a week may be deducted for such lodging.
When board or meals are furnished, not more than $5.25 may be deducted for a full week's
board of 21 meals.    A fraction of a week's board shall be computed upon a proportional basis.
As elevator operators are required by law to pass an examination before running elevators, no
apprenticeship is permitted under the Minimum Wage Order.
Order has hcen in force since August 16th, 1919.
OFFICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed as stenographers, book-keepers, typists, billing clerks,
filing clerks, cashiers, cash-girls (not included in other Orders), checkers, invoicers, comptometer
operators, auditors, attendants in physicians' and dentists' offices, and all kinds of clerical help.
Weekly Minimum  Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under 18 Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$15.     Monthly   rate,   $65.
Hourly rate,  31%  cents.
$11 00 for 1st   6 months.
12 00    „    2nd 6
13 00    „    3rd  6
14 00    „   4th   6
$11 00 for 1st   3 months.
12 00    „   2nd 3
13 00   „    3rd   3
14 00    „    4th   3
Licences   required  in   this
class.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week.    Maximum  weekly working period  prescribed  by Order,
48 hours.
Order has been in force since August 16th, 1919. G 52
Department of Labour.
1924
PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of females employed in manicuring, hairdressing, barbering, and other
work of like nature, or employed as ushers in theatres, attendants at shooting-galleries and other
public places of amusement, garages, and gasolene service stations, or as drivers of motor-cars and
other vehicles.
Weekly Minimum  Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
Under IS Years of Age.
18 Years of Age or over.
$14.25.   Hourly rate 29 "/« cents.
$10 00 for 1st   6 months.
11 00    „    2nd 6
12 00    „    3rd  6
13 00    „    4th   6
*$10 00 for 1st   3  months.
11 00    „    2nd 3
12 00    ,,    3rd   3
13 00    „    4th   3
Licences   required   in   this
class.
* These rates for learners do not apply to attendants at shooting-galleries and other puhlic places of
amusement, garages, and gasolene service stations, or to drivers of motor-cars or other vehicles, for whom
no apprenticeship is deemed necessary.
Above rates are for 48 hour week, which is maximum permitted.
Wages for  Ushers.
Ushers in theatres, music-halls, concert-rooms, or the like, engaged after 6 p.m., on legal holidays,
and for special matinees, are entitled to a wage of not less than 30 cents an hour, with a minimum
payment of 75 cents.
Ushers working more than IS hours a week, hut not in excess of 36 hours, are entitled to not
less than $10.80 a week. (Ushers in this category may be employed only between 1.30 p.m. and
11 p.m.)
Ushers working in excess of 36 hours a week up to 4S hours are entitled to not less than $14.25.
No distinction is made for ushers under 18 and over 18 years of age. No apprenticeship considered
necessary for ushers.
Order has been in force since September 15th, 1919.
FISHING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the washing, preparing, preserving, drying, curing,
smoking, packing, or otherwise adapting for sale or use, or for shipment, any kind of fish, except
in the case of canned fish.
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.50.    Hourly rate,  32 7/2i cents.
$12 75 for 1st   4 months.
13 75    „    2nd 4
14 75    „    3rd   4
Licences    required    for    inexperienced
employees IS years of age or over.
Order has been in force since February 28th, 1920.
TELEPHONE AND TELEGRAPH OCCUPATION.
This includes the work of all persons employed in connection with the operating of the various
instruments, switchboards, and other mechanical appliances used in connection with telephony . and
telegraphy, and shall also include the work of all persons employed in the business or industry of
the operation of telephone or telegraph systems who are not governed by any other Order of the
Board. 14: Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 53
Weekly Minimum Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$15.    Hourly rate, 31%  cents.
$11 OO for 1st   3 months.
12 00    „    2nd 3
13 00    „    3rd   3
Licences    required    for   inexperienced
employees 18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 48-hour week. Maximum hours permitted are 8 per day and 48 per week,
except in cases of emergency, when 56 hoursjnay be worked. Time and one-half is payable for hours
in excess of 48.    Every employee must have one full day off duty in every week.
Where telephone and telegraph employees are customarily on duty between the hours of 10 p.m.
and 8 a.m., 10 hours on duty shall be construed as the equivalent of 8 hours of work in computing
the number of hours of employment a week.
In cases where employees reside on the employer's premises, the employer shall not be prevented
from making an arrangement with such employees to answer emergency calls between the hours of
10 p.m. and 8 a.m.
Order has been in force since April Sth, 1920.
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in canning, preserving, drying, packing, or otherwise
adapting for sale or use, any kind of fruit or vegetable.
Weekly Minimum   Wage.
Experienced Workers.
Inexperienced Workers.
$14.    Hourly rate,  29%  cents.
$10 for 1st   month.
11 „   2nd
12 „    3rd
Licences   required    for   inexperienced
employees 18 years of age or over.
Above rates are for a 4S-hour week. For work over 48 hours, but not in excess of 60 hours,
wages shall be not less than 30 cents an hour for experienced workers, and for work in excess of
60 hours the rate shall be not less than 45 cents an hour.
Overtime work for inexperienced workers must be paid in the same proportion to their wages
as overtime for experienced employees.
Work in excess of 48 hours a week is permitted only during an emergency period of 90 days
in any 12 months, unless the Board finds unusual conditions necessitate a longer period, and it may
then, in its discretion, extend such emergency period.
Order has been in force since September 3rd, 1922.
MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.
This includes the work of females engaged in the making, preparing, altering, repairing, ornamenting, printing, finishing, packing, assembling the parts of, and adapting for use or sale any article
or commodity, but excepting fish, fruit, and vegetable drying, canning, preserving, or packing.
Weekly Minimum  Wage.
Inexperienced Workers.
Schedule 1.
Schedule 2.
Schedule 3.
$14.   Hourly rate,  29%
cents.
$ 8 00 for 1st   2 mos.
10 00    „    2nd 2     „
12 00    „    3rd   2     „
$ 8 00 for 1st   4 mos.
10 00    „    2nd 4     ,,
12 00    „    3rd   4     „
$ 7 00 for 1st   6 mos.
10 00   „    2nd 6     „
13 00    „    3rd   6     „
Licences  required  for  inexperienced workers 18 years of age or over. G 54
Department of Labour.
1924
Schedule 1 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured
or adapted for use or sale: Tea, coffee, spices, essences, sauces, jelly-powders, baking-powders, molasses, sugar, syrups, honey, peanut butter, cream and milk products, butter, candy, confectionery,
biscuits, macaroni, vermicelli, meats, soft drinks, yeast, cans, buttons, soap, paint, varnish, drug and
toilet preparations, photographs, ink, seeds, brooms, whisks, pails, wash-boards, wooden boxes, clothespins, matches, explosives, munitions, gas-mantles, and windowishades.
Schedule 2 applies to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured
or adapted for use or sale: Cotton bags, envelopes, overalls, shirts, ladies' and children's wear, gloves,
hats, caps, men's neckwear, water-proof clothing, tents, awnings, regalia, carpets, furniture, bedding,
pillow-covers, loose covers, mattress-covers, draperies, casket furnishings, factory-made millinery,
knitted goods, blankets, brushes, machine-made cigars, and dipped chocolates.
Schedule 3 applies to the following occupations, or to establishments in which any of the following products are manufactured or adapted for use or sale: Bookbinding, embossing, engraving, printing,
dressmaking, men's and women's tailoring, ready-to-wear suits, paper boxes, jewellery, furs, leather
goods, hand-made cigars, boots, shoes, and hand-made miHtnery.
Schedule 3 does not apply to regularly indentured apprentices whose indentures have been
approved by the Minimum Wage Board.
The above rates are for a 48-hour week. No employee shall be employed more than 8 hours a
day, nor more than 48 hours a week, except when permission has been granted under the provisions
of the " Factories Act."
Order has been in force since November 20th, 1923.
Statistical Report.
Towards the end of the year the Board sent blank pay-roll forms to employers throughout
the Province for particulars regarding wages, working-hours, length of service, etc., of their
women and girl employees. Except in the seasonal occupations, such as the fishing industry
and the fruit and vegetable industry, the information was asked for the week ending December
1st, 1923. In the other cases employers were requested to report for the week of greatest
employment during the 1923 season.
The statistics have been compiled in groups corresponding to the nine Orders of the Board
and separate tables have been prepared for each industry. In five classifications comparisons
may be made for the years 1919-23, inclusive, while in the remaining divisions the figures were
not available until 1920, when the Orders governing these industries came into force.
The total number of returns received in 1923 is 2,195, being a gain of 60 over the 1922
figure, when 2,135 employers reported. An increase of 632 female employees is noted this year,
10,863 having been recorded, as against 10,231 the previous year.
The tables for the various groups are herewith appended, with a brief analysis in each
case :—
Mercantile Industry.
1923. 1922.
I
1921.
:
1920.
1919.
Number of firms reporting 	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years 	
Under 18 years 	
Total weekly wages—
Employees  over 18 years  :..
Employees under 18 years '	
Average weekly wages—
Employees   over 18 years 	
Employees under 18 years 	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week 	
$30,5
$3,
2,000
364
20.25
321.00
515.26
$9.12
15.4%
42.05
$27
320
1,828
283
,577.19
!,682.00
$15.09
$9.48
13.4%
43.7
278
1,78S
256
$28,601.35
$2,389.50
$15.99
$9.33
12.52%
44.17
317
1,685
369
$26,852.90
$3,528.00
$15.94
$9.56
17.96%
43.7
121
1,428
323
$20,951.25
$3,144.25
$14.67
$9.73
18.5%
46.1
While the minimum wage set in this industry is $12.75 for a week of 48 hours, it will
be noted the weekly average- for employees over 18 years of age is $15.26, an advance of 17
cents over the 1922 figure and $2.51 higher than the legal minimum. In the case of girls under
18 there has been a slight drop—from $9.48 to $9.12.
Three hundred and twenty-five firms reported 2,364 employees, 2,000 over 18 years of age
and 364 under that age. This means an increase of 253 women workers over last year's total,
although returns were received from only 5 more firms.    An increase of 2 per cent, occurs in 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 55
the emploj7ment of girls under 18 years of age.    The average hours worked per week  have
dropped from 43.7 in 1922 to 42.95 in 1923.
In this occupation 562 employees, of whom 45 are under 18, are reported as receiving
between $12 and $13 weekly. The next largest group, 321, receive betv^een $15 and $16. In
the class of $25 or over 104 employees are shown. The 44-hour week accounts for 843 employees,
392 work 44% hours, and 297 put in 47 hours a week.
Laundry Industry.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
1919.
53
558
60
$8,026.50
$667.00
$14.38
$11.12
9.71%
44.33
46
474
101
$6,880.00
$1,215.50
$14.51
$12.03
17.57%
44.73
33
449
70
$6,478.50
$837.00
$14.43
$11.96
13.49%
44.74
35
486
84
$7,332.00
$1,004.00
$15.08
$11.95
14.74%
45.72
23
Number of employees—
361
Total weekly wages—
$5,229.50
$839.50
$14.48
Average  weekly  wages—
$11.19
17.00%
45.1
Percentage of employees under 18 years
For 1923 returns were received from 53 employers, being 7 more than made reports for
1922. This year's figures include 618 employees, an advance of 43 over the previous year.
Besides laundries, this classification covers establishments where dyeing and dry-cleaning are
carried on. The minimum wage for experienced workers is set at $13.50, but the average
wage works out at $14.38 for employees over 18 and $11.12 for the younger workers. In both
divisions there is a slight decrease since last year, when the averages stood at $14.51 and $12.03
respectively. After perusal of all the tables it will be noted this is the only industry in which
the average wage has declined since 1922. There has been an appreciable drop in the percentage of employees under 18 years of age. In 1922 this stood at 17.57 per cent., while for
1923 the figure is 9.71 per cent. The average working-week is 44.33 hours, slightly less than
the 1922 average, which was 44.73 hours.
The largest group receiving the same w7age is in the $13-$14 class, .where 192 employees
are found. The next most prevalent wage is $15-$16, and 92 workers are accounted for in
this class. About one-third of the employees reported are working a 48-hour week, the figures
being 210 out of a total of 618.    The 44-hour week prevails for 76 employees.
Public Housekeeping Occupation.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
1910.
287
1.174
47
$19,164.50
$686.50
$16.32
$14.61
3.85%
45.42
287
1,171
44
$18,718.25
$658.00
$15.98
$14.95
3.62%
46.23
242
994
26
$15,774.06
$373.00
$15.87
$14.35
2.55%
45.26
244
1,184
58
$19,625.44
$913.50
$10.58
$15.75
4.67%
46.51
97
Number of employees—
632
43
Total weekly wages—
Employees  over 18 years	
$10,568.00
$612.50
Average weekly wages—
Employees   over 18 years 	
$16.20
$14.24
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week 	
6.00%
48.95
Returns were received from 287 employers, being the same figure as last year.   While 1,215
employees were covered in 1922, an increase of 6 is shown for the current year, bringing the G 56
Department op Labour.
1924
total to 1,221. The legal minimum wage in this line of work is $14 per week, but the average
wage for employees over 18 works out at $16.32, a margin of $2.32 to the good. This is an
advance of 34 cents over last year's average. A slight decrease occurs in the average for
the younger workers. In 1922 this appeared at $14.95, whereas it is now shown at $14.61. This
occupation absorbs a very small percentage of the girls under 18, 3.85 per cent, being employed
this year, as against 3.62 per cent, in 1922.
The peak in numbers receiving a certain wage is reached in the division between $14 ana
$15, where 276 are reported, 16 of whom are under 18 years of age. The second largest group,
consisting of 221 workers, is recorded as being in receipt of from $15 to $16 weekly. More than
one-half, or 618 out of 1,221 employees, work a 48-hour week, while 93 are on duty for 44 hours
and 84 for 42 hours.
Office Occupation.
1923.
1922.
1021.
1920.
1919.
1,133
2,595
93
$50,285.00
$1,155.50
$19.38
$12.42
3.5%
41.90
1,097
2,502
91
$48,341.00
$1,110.50
$19.32
$12.20
3.5%
41.93
1,043
2,434
50
$47,155.97
$577.00
$19.37
$11.54
2.01 %
40.89
1,019
2,467
155
$47,941.00
$2,110.00
$19.43
$13.61
5.9%
41.5
220
Number of employees—
750
60
Total weekly wages—
Employees  over 18 years 	
$13,683.00
$804.00
Average  weekly  wages—
$18.24
$13.40
7.00%
43.6
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week 	
Table showing Number of Employees receiving Wages of $25 or more per Week.
Weekly Wages.                         Employees.
Weekly Wages.
No. of
Employees.
$25  00 to $25  99 	
26 00   „     26 99	
27 00   „     27 99 	
28 00   „     28 99 	
29 00   „     29 99 	
30 00   „     30 99 	
31 00   „     31 99	
32 00   „     32 99                  	
99
26
28
40
9
14
13
14
4
18
8
$36 00 to $36 99 	
2
37 00  „     37 99 	
38 00   „     38 99 	
40 00  „     40 99 	
43 00  ,,     43 99 	
44 00   „     44 99 	
46 00  „     46 99	
50 00   ;,     50 99 	
57 00   „     57 99 	
1
o
7
2
1
2
33 00   „     33 99   .                        	
1
34 00   „     34 99 	
35 00   „     35 99 	
Total 	
295
The number of firms reporting in this occupation rose from 1,097 in 1922 to 1,133 for the
present year, with 95 more employees on the list. Altogether 2,6S8 office-workers were recorded.
A slight upward tendency is noticed in the average wages for both workers over 18 and those
under that age. The 1923 figures are $19.38 for the experienced workers and $12.42 for the
younger class. The previous year the averages were $19.32 and $12.20 respectively. No change
occurs in the percentage of young workers employed, nor has the average working-week altered.
The average wage in this occupation is $4.38 in excess of the legal minimum of $15 per
week, and is the highest of any group covered by Orders of the Board. The second table under
this heading affords considerable interest, setting out an analysis of the wages in advance of
$25 weekly. The peak in numbers receiving a certain wage is reached in the division between
$15 and $16, 409 employees appearing in this class, 7 of whom are under 18 years of age. Other
large groups are as follows:  331 between $17 and $18, 307 between $18 and $19. 14 Geo. 5
Report of the Deputy Minister.
G 57
The working-week which claims the greatest number is found to be 44 hours, with 692
employees recorded.   Next in order is the 39-hour week, which accounts for 430.
Personal Service Occupation.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
Number of firms reporting 	
Number of employees—
Over 18 years 	
Under 18 years 	
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years 	
Employees under 18 years 	
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years 	
Employees under 18 years 	
Percentage of employees under 18 years
Average hours worked per week 	
34
91
18
$1,534.68
$208.00
$16.87
$11.56
16.51%
40.07
32
78
19
$1,196.00
$214.00
$15.33
$11.26
19.59%
38.03
22
69
18
,077.50
3.00
$15.62
$11.28
20.06%
38.52
37
144
17
$2,403.25
$246.00
$16.69
$14.47
10.56%
35.7
Returns were received from 34 firms in place of 32 for 1922. These embraced 109 employees
for 1923, an advance of 12 over the previous year. The minimum wage in this occupation is
set at $14.25, while the weekly average for adult workers is $16.87, which is $1.54 more than
last year's average. The average wage for the younger workers is $11.56, as against $11.26
for 1922. A decrease of 3 per cent, in the employment of workers under 18 years of age is
recorded, but the average hours have risen from 38.03 to 40.07. Much broken time is noted in
this work, as ushers are included and their work is far from continuous.
In this occupation more employees are receiving between $15 and $16 weekly than any
other wage. There are 22 workers whose wages are set at this figure. The returns show that
44 employees work a 44-hour week, 15 work 48 hours, and 13 have 41 hours on duty each week.
Fishing  Industry.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
Number of firms reporting 	
Number of employees—
Experienced 	
Inexperienced   	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced   employees     	
Inexperienced employees 	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced  employees    -	
Inexperienced employees 	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week 	
31
1
$489.50
$13.50
$15.79
$13.50
3.12%
49.12
50
15
$778.00
$181.50
$15.56
$12.10
23.08?
46.08
12
36
12
$534.00
$143.50
$14.81
$11.96
25.00%
41.5
24
1
$433.19
$9.50
$18.05
$9.50
4.00%
49.36
Iii studying the above table it must be borne iu mind that the Order of the Board does
not include work on canned fish, and for this reason the returns are few. It covers establishments where fish are smoked, salted, or cured in other ways. Most of the employees came
originally from Scotland and were skilled workers. The returns this year cover 32 employees
in 7 establishments, a slight falling-off from 1922. The minimum wage is $15.50, the highest
of any Order at present in force. For the experienced workers the weekly average is $15.79,
showing a lead over the 1922 figure by 23 cents. The unskilled employees record a gain of
$1.40 weekly since last year, the figures being $13.50 and $12.10. The percentage of inexperienced employees diminished by almost 20 per cent. The average hours worked per week are
shown at 49.12.
Twelve employees are reported as receiving wages between $16 and $17 and 26 worked
the 48-hour week. G 58
Department of Labour.
1924
Telephone and Telegraph Occupation.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
Number of firms reporting 	
Number of employees—
Experienced 	
Inexperienced   	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced  employees  	
Inexperienced employees 	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced  employees	
Inexperienced employees 	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week 	
94
1,089
204
$19,426.18
$2,289.50
$17,84
$11.22
15.789
41.34
83
1,084
142
$18,608.50
$1,550.00
$17.25
$10.92
11.58%
41.53
988
158
$15,986.37
$2,113.50
$16.18
$13.38
13.8%
41.7
71
848
379
$14,528.00
$4,778.50
$17.13
$13.90
30.88%
42
In this occupation 67 more employees are reported than in 1922, the figures being 1,293
for the current year and 1,226 for the year previous. While returns were received from 83
firms in 1922, 94 responded this year. An upward tendency is shown in the average weekly
wages for both experienced and inexperienced workers. The minimum wage set in the Order
for the former class is $15, but the average stands at $17.84, being $2.84 above the minimum,
and higher than last year's figure by 59 cents. The average for the inexperienced workers
rose from $10.92 to $11.22. The average hours worked per week remain practically the same
as last year, but 4, per cent, more inexperienced operators were employed in 1923 than in 1922.
The wage-group accounting for the most employees is that.from $15 to $16 and this takes
in 308 workers. One hundred and ninety-seven appear in the class from $18 to $19 and 121
are reported between $16 and $17.
Fruit and Vegetable Industry.
1923.
19
22.
19
21.
1920.
Number  of firms   reporting
28
30
25
26
Number of employees—
Time.
669
93
$11,302.50
$031.50
$16.89
$10.02
Piece.
298
122
$5,256.00
$744.5C
$17.64
$6.10
Time.
574
242
$10,598.00
$1,967.50
$18.46
$8.13
Piece.
135
102
$2,619.00
$817.00
$19.40
$8.01
Time.
509
145
$8,841.69
$1,234.60
$17.37
$8.51
Piece.
ISO
97
$4,311.82
$861.00
$23.95
$8.87
654
64
Total weekly wages—
Experienced   employees....
Inexperienced    employees
Average  weekly  wages—
Experienced  employees....
Inexperienced   employees
$11,676.27
$762.00
$17.85
$11.90
Percentage of inexperienced
18.19%
32.67'%
25.9%
8.91 %
48.45
Average  hours worked per
week   (time-workers)
47
77
43
07
46
75
Taking time-workers and piece-workers together, 1,182 employees were reported for 1923,
which is 129 more than the year before, although 2 less firms sent in returns. The average
weekly wage for experienced time-workers fell from $18.46 in 1922 to $16.89, but for the inexperienced employees the figures climbed from $8.13 to $10.02. The same tendency is apparent
in the averages for the piece-workers. For the experienced employees in 1922 the average was
$19.40, but this fell to $17.64 for 1923. The average for the inexperienced workers also experienced a drop from $8.01 to $6.10. A considerable falling-off in the percentage of inexperienced
employees is noted, the 1923 figure being 1S.19 per cent, against 32.67 per cent, for the previous
year. In calculating the average hours worked per week time-workers only are included, as
actual hours are not often kept for piece-workers.    This average is 47.77 hours per week. 14 Geo. 5
Eeport op the Deputy Minister.
G 59
In this industry the returns show more employees earning $25 or more per week than are
recorded in any other wage division, 92 being credited with this high amount and 83 appearing
in the $21-$22 class.   The legal minimum is $14 per week.
Manufacturing Industry.
1923.
1922.
1921.
1920.
1919.
Number of firms reporting 	
Number of employees—
Experienced   	
Inexperienced   	
Total weekly wages—
Experienced employees 	
Inexperienced employees 	
Average weekly wages—
Experienced employees 	
Inexperienced employees	
Percentage of inexperienced employees
Average hours worked per week 	
234
1,107
249
$18,707.46
$2,494.50*
$16.90
$10.02
18.36%
43.82
231
1,093
203
$17,485.00
$2,150.50
$16.00
$10.59
15.66%
43.02
199
1,145
298
$18,323.42
$2,939.00
$16.00
$9.86
20.65%
42.63
181
989
201
$16,454.96
$2,087.00
$16.64
$10.38
16.89%
43.8
$12
$2
127
837
264
694.00
939.00
$15.13
$11.13
23.93%
45.9
The number of employees reported in this industry has risen from 1,296 in 1922 to 1,356
in 1923, while returns were received from 3 more firms, 234 having complied with the Board's
request this year. Fourteen dollars is the minimum wage for experienced workers in the manufacturing industry, but it is very gratifying to perceive that the average weekly wage for these
employees works out at $16.90, being $2.90 in advance of the minimum and 90 cents in excess
of the 1922 figure. The weekly average for the inexperienced is $10.02 for 1923, as against
$10.59 for the previous year. The percentage of inexperienced employees has risen slightly,
from 15.66 per cent, to 18.36 per cent. The working-week remains practically the same as in
1922.
The wage classification covering the most employees is from $14 to $15. There are 282
workers in this group and 125 receiving between $15 and $16. As in 1922 the 44-hour week
was prevalent for most employees, so it is in 1923, when 558 workers are employed for this
length of time and 249 for a 48-hour period.
Summary oe all Occupations.
1923.
1022.
1921.
1920.
2,195
2,135
1,923
1,939
Number of employees—
Over 18 years, or experienced 	
9,612
8,989
8,592
8,481
Under 18 years, or inexperienced 	
1,251
1,242
1,130
1,328
Total weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years, or experienced ....
$164,712.57
$152,890.94
$147,084.68
$147,247.01
Employees under 18 years,  or inexperienced
$12,511.50
$12,546.50
$11,671.10
$15,439.50
Average weekly wages—
Employees over 18 years,  or experienced ....
$17.14
$17.00
$17.12
$17.36
Employees under 18 years,  or inexperienced
$10.00
$10.10
$10.33
$11.62
Percentage  of employees  under 18  years,  or  in
experienced   	
11.52%
12.14%
11.63%
13.54%
43.31
43.28
42.96
43.62
This table presents a comparison of the aggregate figures for four years—1920-23, inclusive.
The total number of firms reporting has increased steadily since 1921. Although some employers
who had women workers in 1922 were not employing them in 1923, new firms added to the list
overcame this loss, and, moreover, allowed the total to surpass the former figure by 60. Women
and girl workers protected by the " Minimum Wage Act" actually numbered 10,863, employed
by 2,195 firms or employers.
It must be remembered domestic servants, fruit-pickers, and farm-labourers do not come
within its scope. G 60
Department op Labour.
1924
The general average for 9,612 experienced workers was $17.14, which is the highest since
1920, when wages were at the peak. The average for the inexperienced workers suffered a
slight decline, from $10.10 to $10, but the percentage of younger employees also dropped, the
1923 figure of 11.52 per cent, being the lowest since statistics have been compiled. The Act
permits 35 per cent, of inexperienced workers being employed. Very little change is revealed
in the average working-hours.
Length op Service.
The appended table shows the labour turnover in each of the nine occupations. In the
fruit and vegetable industry, which lasts from three to four months each year, most employers
have either not specified the length of service or else have recorded their workers as being with
them less than one year, whereas many may have worked during previous seasons, but have
not been credited with this time.
The record of office-workers shows more continuous service than other lines, and wages
are also higher for this class of work. These employees have had considerable preliminary
training, and promotion is the inducement to remain with their firms. Attention is drawn to
the fact that 143 have been with their present employers 10 years or over.
Table showing Labour Turnover in each G-roup—Number of Employees in Continuous Service
of Employer reporting.
Name  of
-6
tH
E0
si
0J
oa
at
DQ
v.
O
t*
tr]
O
3
m
c
o
Eh
o
o
4J
«w O
o o.
Industry.
3
t4
-<#
„
GO
i-
09
©
75
S o ^
C
<s
o
0
o
o
Q
c
0
o
o
tH
S &2
II    .
o
a
+*
**
-*-
+-1
■"
+-
■+j
= sg-
3 h y
Pfl
P
H
cq
sJG
-*
l£3
i <°
t-
CO
o
y.si,
ZS..S
6
1
1,084
266
388
111
279
78
216
71
139
38
91
20
52
9
36
4
6
5
16
3
51
12
2,364
618
325
53
Public    house
keeping   	
9
622
220
125
102
63
30
18
8
6
fi
12
1,221
287
Office   	
39
5
763
525
399
268
323
148
357
123
225
102
192
67
104
36
86
18
32
10
25
11
143
43
2,688
1,356
1,133
Manufacturing ....
234
Personal service-
50
14
11
8
13
5
3
2
3
109
34
Telephone      and
telegraph  	
2
354
176
135
259
130
64
55
34
9
9
66
1,293
94
Pishing   	
31
1
32
Fruit   and   vege-
630
484
7
29
10
10
6
3
1
1
1
1,182
28
Totals	
692
4,179
1,583
_J
1,128
1,147
720
475
280
189
69
TO
331
10,863
2,195
Highest Wages  and Longest  Service.
In tabulating the statistics on the employers' returns particular notice 'was taken of the
highest wage and the longest term of service in each occupation. In the mercantile industry
the best wage reported was $67.30 a week, which is in fact the highest individual wage recorded.
A Vancouver firm earns the distinction of employing the best-paid wage-earner, while a Victoria
establishment breaks the record for continuous service in having had one employee in its service
for 35 years.
In the laundry, cleaning and dyeing industry the peak wage is $30 weekly, paid by, a Vancouver cleaning and dyeing firm. The record for long employment goes to a New Westminster
employee with 15 years to her credit.
The employee who has earned the highest wage in the public housekeeping occupation has
been in her present position for the record time, 20 years, and the remuneration she receives is
$32.50 weekly. It does not always follow that the most faithful worker is the best paid, but in
this instance it is pleasing to note the reward goes to the deserving.
Two Vancouver firms stand at the head of the list in the office occupation, in one case the
highest wage being $57.70 and in the other the longest continuous period of employment being
30 years. 14 Geo. 5 Keport of the Deputy Minister. G 61
In analysing the manufacturing figures both these records are held in Victoria, but not
in the same establishment. The highest wage is $50 weekly and a 21-year term outclasses all
others.
The personal service occupation is another example of the highest wage being paid to the
employee who has served the longest term, a period of 10 years' service bringing a wage of
$35 per week.
The same commendable condition occurs in the fishing industry, and although the term
of employment is not nearly as long, nor the wage as high as appears in other occupations,
they are still at the top in this particular work. A weekly wage of $18.50 is paid to an employee Who has been with her present employer for 3 years.
The telegraph and telephone occupation records a $36 weekly wage and a term of employment extending over 20 years, the former in Vancouver and the latter in Victoria.
In the fruit and vegetable industry a piece-worker at Kelowna who earned $42 in one week
carried off the honours, while the record for long service went to an employee at Nelson who
has worked for 10 years with the same firm.
Conclusion.
The following interesting testimony to the value of the " Minimum Wage Act" comes from
the manager of an important section in one of the large departmental stores in the Province.
Before the Act was passed girls were appointed by the management of the store at a low wage,
without much reference to their ability to do the work required, with the result that there
was always a surplus of inefficient help in each department, causing considerable confusion
and many mistakes and proving in various ways that cheap help is often the most expensive.
Since the Act came into force, however, and only a certain proportion of the girls may be inexperienced, he states, the selection is made more carefully by the departmental managers themselves ; consequently a much higher degree of efficiency has been obtained and the departments
are running more smoothly. The departmental heads state they are unanimously of opinion
that the Act has been a benefit to them from a business point of view.
In conclusion, sir, we beg to recall that with the raising of the age at which boys and
girls may enter industry to 15 years to correspond with the compulsory school age, the protection of the prospective mother from dismissal for six weeks before and six. weeks after confinement (with provision for nursing period), and the "Women's Protection Act," designated
to safeguard the moral well-being and prevent the exploitation of women and girls, British
Columbia is well in the forefront in labour legislation for the benefit of women and children.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Tour obedient servants,
J.  D.  McNiven,  Chairman.
Helen Gregory MacGill.
Thomas Mathews. G 62
Department of Labour.
1924
ASSOCIATIONS OF EMPLOYERS.
The organizations included in the following list are those which have direct connection
with the employment of labour.
The list contains rather fewer associations than that of last year, as there were two or three
which had ceased to function in the meantime. The list has been carefully corrected at the
last possible moment before going to press.
Box Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman,
A. M. Sharpe, B.C. Box Co., Ltd., Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street
West, Vancouver.
Canadian Jewellers' Association (B.C. Section)
—Hon. Presidents, O. B. Allan and G. E.
Trorey ; President, T. A. Lyttleton; Vice-President, W. M. Gow; Secretary-Treasurer, A.
Fraser-Reid, 1635 Napier Street, Vancouver.
Executive (District): J. Little, Victoria;
R. Kaplansky, Nanaimo; C. J. Whiten, Vernon ; W. J. Kerr, Kamloops; J. W. Duncan,
Victoria; A. Clausen, New Westminster;
J. Bulger, Prince Rupert.
B.C. Loggers' Association—President, F. S. Buck,
Deep Cove Logging Co., Ltd., Vancouver; Secretary, G. W. Muddiman, Metropolitan Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually on
January 15th.
B.C. Lumber & Shingle Manufacturers' Association—President, J. D. McCormack, Canadian
Western Lumber Company, Fraser Mills; Secretary, R. H. H. Alexander, 917 Metropolitan
Building, Vancouver. Officers elected annually
on third Thursday in January.
B.C. Tow Boat Owners' Association—President.
C. S. Thicke, B.WJB. Navigation Co., foot of
Burrard Street. Vancouver; Secretary, Oapt.
J. R. iStewart, 837 Hastings Street West, Vancouver; Vice-President, Capt. Geo. McGregor,
Victoria Tug Company, Victoria. Election of
officers in September each year.
B.C. Wood-Workers' Section (affiliated with
C.M.A.)—President, W. H. McLeod, McLeod
Sash and Door Co.; Secretary, G. Dearing, 706
Board of Trade Building, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (B.C. Division) ; Provincial Headquarters, 701-3 Board
of Trade Building, Vancouver—Chairman,
F. E. Burke, Wallace Fisheries, Ltd.; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, Vancouver.
Canadian Manufacturers' Association (Victoria
Branch), 1008 Broad Street, Victoria—Chairman, H. A. Leigh (Brackman-Ker Co.), 1420
Broad Street, Victoria; Secretary, T. J. Good-
lake, 1008 Broad Street, Victoria.
Canadian Storage & Transferrin's Association—
President, J. B. Baillargeon, Express, Ltd.,
Montreal; Secretary, E. A. Quigley, Suite 10,
423 Hamilton Street, Vancouver. This Association has Board of Directors of each Province.
Canned 'Salmon Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, J. M.
Whitehead, B.C. Fishing & Packing Co., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Vice-Chairman, H. B. Bell-Irving,
Anglo-B.C.    Packing    Co.,    Ltd.,    Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street
AVest, Vancouver; Assistant Secretary of Section, R. E. Lanning, 705 Board of Trade
Building, Vancouver.
Clay'Products Section, B.C. Division, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, James
Parfitt, Victoria Brick Company, Victoria;
Secretary, T. J. Goodlake, 1008 Broad Street.
Victoria.
Drug Extract & Vinegar Manufacturers' Section,
Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman. D. Hockin, National Drug and Chemical
Company, Ltd.; Vice-Chairman, W. A. Hunter.
Fishing Vessel Owners' Association, Inc.—President, Capt. Martin Johnson, Pier 8, Seattle,
W'ash.; Secretary, L. A. Sandstrom, Pier 8,
Seattle, Wash.
General Cartage & Storage Association of B.C.—
President, F. D. Gross (Mainland Transfer
Co.) ; Secretary, E. A. Quigley, Suite 10, 423
Hamilton Street, Vancouver.
General Contractors' Association—President, J.
P. Hodgson, Vancouver; Secretary, W. G.
Welsford, 300 Pender Street West, Vancouver.
Jam Manufacturers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman,
F. G. Evans, Dominion Canners B.C., Ltd.,
Vancouver; Vice-Chairman, C. D. Hunter, Empress Manufacturing Company, Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender Street
West, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Employers' Section, C.M.A. (B.C.
Division)—Chairman, E. Davies, Vancouver
Engineering Works, 519 Sixth Avenue West,
Vancouver; 1st Vice-Chairman, W. J. Reid,
Westminster Iron Works, New Westminster;
2nd Vice-Chairman, G. D. Whittaker, Vulcan
Iron Works, Vancouver; Treasurer, J. Latta,
Murray-Latta Machine Works, Vancouver;
Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 701 Board of Trade
Building, Vancouver.
Metal Trades Section, Victoria Branch, Canadian
Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, E. W.
Izard, Yarrows, Ltd., Esquimalt; Secretary,
T. J. Goodlake, 1008 Broad Street, Victoria.
Mining Association of Interior British Columbia
—President, R. R. Bruce, Invermere; Secretary, W. H. Burgess, Kaslo.
Mining Association of British Columbia—President, T. N. Graham, Cumberland; Secretary,
H. Mortimer Lamb, 908 Vancouver Block, Vancouver.
Mountain Lumber Manufacturers' Association—
President, 0. Howarth, Hutton; Secretary,
I. R. Poole, Nelson. Officers elected at annual
meeting held in January. 14 Geo. 5
Keport op the Deputy Minister.
G 63
Northern B.C. Lumbermen's Association—President, O. Hanson, Prince Rupert; Secretary,
W.  E. Williams,  Prince Rupert.
Printers' Section, B.C. Division, Canadian Manufacturers' Association—Chairman, J. G. Tod-
hunter (Clarke & Stuart Co., Ltd.), Vancouver; Secretary, Hugh Dalton, 402 Pender
Street. West, Vancouver.
Retail Merchants' Association of Canada, Inc.,
B.C. Board—President, Daryl H. Kent, Vancouver ; Vice-President, R. J. Gordon, Kelowna ; 2nd Vice-President, H. S. Stephenson,
Victoria; 3rd Vice-President, J. H. Ashwell,
Chilliwack; Treasurer, J. H. Malpass, Nanaimo ; Secretary, Walter F. Ing, Vancouver,
Head Provincial Office at 420 Pacific Building,
Vancouver. Branches are established at
Agassiz, Armstrong, Chilliwack, Cranbrook,
Duncan, Kamloops, Kelowna, Ladner, Lytton,
Merritt, Mission, Nanaimo, Nelson, New Westminster, Revelstoke, Vancouver, Vernon, Victoria. At New Westminster there is a District
Branch serving the principal towns
Lower Fraser Valley.
Shingle Manufacturers' Association of
President, Robert MeNair, Robert
Shingle Co.; Vice-President, C. J.
Westminster Mills, Ltd.; Secretary,
Lamar, 905 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Meets for election of officers in January each
year.
Shipping Federation of B.C.—Manager and Secretary, Major W. C. D. Crombie, Pier H,
C.P.R. Docks, Vancouver. Meets for election
of officers in December each year.
of   the
B.C.—
MeNair
Culter,
F.   H.
Vancouver Association of Electragists — President, S. Darnborough, 431 Seymour Street;
Secretary, J. Hart, Room 323, B.C. Electric
Building, Vancouver; Office, 425 Pacific Building.    Officers elected annually in September.
Vancouver Association of Sanitary & Heating
Engineers—President, W. Moscrop, 861 Seymour Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Robert G.
Hargreaves, 425 Pacific Building, Vancouver.
Officers elected annually in June.
B.C. Hotels' Association—President, W. K.
Clark; 1st Vice-President, H. Cameron; 2nd
Vice-President, S. Rossi; Treasurer, D. A.
Ford; Secretary, G. A. Laidlaw, 210 North-
West Building, 509 Richards Street, Vancouver.
Timber Industries Council of B.C.—President,
E. W. Hamber, B.C. Mills Timber and Trading
Company; Managing Director, W. MacNeill,
911 Metropolitan Building, Vancouver.
Victoria Bread & Cake Manufacturers' Association—President, D. W. Hanbury, Golden West
Bakery; Secretary, H. Amphlett, 212 Union
Bank Building. Election of officers annually
in  January.
Victoria Builders' Exchange—President, William
Luney, 508 Sayward Building; Secretary J. W.
Bolden, 2509 Prior Street, Officers elected annually in January.
Western Canada Coal Operators' Association—■
President, John Shanks, Nordegg, Alta.; Secretary, R. M. Young, Calgary, Alta. Officers
elected on second Friday in January each year. G 64
Department op Labour.
1924
UNION DIRECTORY.
The number of trade-union organizations in the Province is about the same as in 1922.
In checking up the returns for this year we found that a few had passed out of existence,
but that others had been inaugurated. Every endeavour has been made to obtain reliable and
recent particulars, and we are greatly obliged to the trade-union secretaries and others who
have kindly supplied the required information. The Department will appreciate any intimation
of changes in the list which may be made from time to time.
TRADES AND LABOUR CONGRESS OF
CANADA.
President, Thomas Moore, Ottawa. Vice-Presidents, J. T. Foster, Montreal; R. P. Pettipiece,
Vancouver; A. J. Crawford, Vancouver. Secretary-Treasurer, P. M. Draper, Hope Building,
Ottawa.
B.C. EXECUTIVE OF TRADES & LABOUR
CONGRESS.
Chairman, W. H. Cottrell, 166 Seventeenth
Avenue East, Vancouver. Members, P. R. Bengough, 803, 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver; M. Sorley, 1418 Seventh Avenue, New
Westminster; and P. R. Smith, Lower Yates
Street,  Victoria.    Meets at call of Chairman.
NATIONAL  ORGANIZATIONS.
Canadian Merchants' Service Guild.
Vancouver—President, Capt. C. C. Sainty, c/o
C.P.R., Vancouver; Secretary, A. Goodlad, 505
Hastings Street West, Vancouver. Meets at
505 Hastings Street West twice a month.
Victoria—Secretary, Capt. T. H. Brown, 408
Union Bank Building.
National   Association   of   Marine   Engineers.
Vancouver Council No. 7—President, W. G.
Wooster, 1848 Commercial Drive, Vancouver;
Secretary, E. Read, 232 Thirteenth Street
West, North Vancouver. Meets at 319 Pender
Street on Fridays in winter months and on
second and fourth Fridays in summer months
at 8 p.m.
Victoria Council No. 6—President, W. C. Jordan,
2929 Queen's Avenue; Secretary, G. Brown,
Box 299, Victoria. Meets at 401 Union Bank
Building at 8 p.m. on first and third M'ondays
of month.
TRADES   AND   LABOUR   COUNCILS.
Prince Rupert—President, S. D. McDonald, Empire Office, Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. Derry,
Box 498, Prince Rupert. Meets at Carpenters'
Hall on second and fourth Tuesdays of each
month.
Vancouver, New Westminster and District—■
President, R. H. Neelands, M.P.P., 804 Holden
Building. Vancouver; Secretary, P. R. Bengough, 803 Holden Building, Vancouver. Meets
first and third Tuesdays of each month on
second floor, Holden Building, at 8 p.m.
Vancouver Trades Council, Metal Trades Department—See P. R. Bengough, 803 Holden
Building, Vancouver.
Victoria—President, C. E. Copeland, 1330 Minto
Street, Victoria; Corresponding Secretary, E.
Woodward, 1253 Carlin Street; Financial Secretary, R. W. Nunn, 738 Queen's Avenue, Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on first and third
Wednesdays in month at Trades Hall, Broad
Street.
Federated Trades Councils (Railroads).
Victoria (Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway Employees' Federation)—President, Geo. Phil-
brook, 637 King's Road, Victoria; Secretary,
J. Booth, Victoria. Meets in Room 4, Green
Block, Victoria, at 7.30 p.m., on first Monday
in month.
DISTRICT  LODGES  AND COUNCILS.
United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners
of America.
Victoria District Council—President, R. McLeod,
1239 Seaview Avenue; Secretary, J. Ley, Box
770. Meets first and third Tuesdays in month
in Trades Hall at 8 p.m.
International Association of Machinists.
Vancouver District Lodge No. 78—President,
John T. Brooks, 807, 16 Hastings Street East,
Vancouver; Secretary, A. W. Tait, 1865 Tenth
Avenue West. Meets on first Monday of each
month at 807 Holden Building, Vancouver, at
8 p.m.
District No. 2 (all Railroads in Canada)—President, D. S. Lyons, 331 Edmonton Street,
Winnipeg; Secretary, H. Kemster, 14 Labour
Temple, Winnipeg.
Allied Printing Trades Council.
Vancouver—President, Frank Milne," Box 66,
Vancouver; Secretary, R. H. Neelands. Box
66, Vancouver. Meets at 804 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Monday in
month.
Victoria—President (temporarily vacant) ; Secretary, T. A. Burgess, 2094 Byron Street, Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street, at
8 p.m. on second Friday in month.
Theatrical   Federation  of  Vancouver.
President—H. Pearson. 4251 Union Street, Vancouver ; Secretary, E. A. Jamieson, 991 Nelson
Street. Meets at 991 Nelson Street at 11 a.m.
on Tuesday before first Sunday in month. 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 65
Civil Servants' Council.
Vancouver—President, D. J. McCarthy, P.O. Box
322, Vancouver; Secretary, B. de Wiele, P.O.
Box 322, Vancouver. Meets in Eagles' Hall
on third Tuesday of each month at 8 p.m.
TRADE   UNIONS.
Boulder.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 15—President, E. Murphy, Barriere ;   Secretary,  A. Taylor,  Mount Olie.
Burnaby.
Civic Employees' Union, No. 23—Secretary, F. A.
Browne, 1575 Inverness Street, Edmonds.
Central   Park.
Carpenters & Joiners (Amalgamated), No. 2605
—President, F. Williams, 2469 Twenty-ninth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Muir-
head, 2572 Monmouth Avenue, South Vancouver.
Copper  Mountain.
Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, International, No.
160—Secretary, J. Cuthbertson, Copper Mountain.
Chilliwack.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Employees, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
31—President, E. Hall, Rosedale; Secretary,
T. J. Blackadder, Box 134, Matsqui. Meets
at 1.30 p.m. on first Sunday in March, June,
September, and December at C.N.R. Freight
Office Building, Vancouver.
Cranbrook.
Barbers' International Union. Journeymen, Local
No. 632—President, A. R. Webster, Baker
Street, Cranbrook; Secretary, A. H. Bullock,
Cranbrook Street, Cranbrook. Meets at 8.30
p.m. on last Monday in month at A. H. Bullock's Barber  Shop,  Cranbrook.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. 30'8—Secretary, A. Mueller, c/o Cranbrook
Brewing Company, Cranbrook.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 559—President. R. Bartholomew,
Cranbrook ; Secretary, 'if. H. Johns, Box 214,
Cranbrook. Meets at 2.30 p.m. on first and
third Sundays in month at Cranbrook.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Local No.
563—President, Hugh J. Brook, Box 551, Cranbrook ; Secretary, G. L. Ingram, P.O. Box 1,
Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m. on alternate Mondays in Maple Hall.
Machinists, International, No. 5S8—President, W.
Henderson, P.O. Box 827, Cranbrook; Secretary, R. J.Lawrie, Box 291, Cranbrook. Meets
at residence of Secretary on first Sunday each
month at 4.30 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
229—President, Geo. C. Brown, Box 739, Cranbrook.    Meets at Oddfellows' Hall, Cranbrook.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 407—President, R. T. Tiffin, Cranbrook;
Secretary, W. A. Wilson, Box 843, Cranbrook.
Meets at K. of P. Hall, Cranbrook, on second
Sunday in month at 2.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 173—President, J. L. Martin, Slater-
ville, Cranbrook; Secretary, J. F. Lunn, 20
Durick Avenue, Cranbrook. Meets at 8 p.m.
at Maple Hall on fourth Wednesday in month.
Railway Trainmen. Brotherhood of, Local No. 585
—President, F. Doodson, Cranbrook ; Secretary,
P. C. Hartnell, Box 865, Cranbrook. Meets at
Maple Hall every Sunday at 7.30 p.m.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1292—
President, G. Harper, Cranbrook; Secretary,
E. G. Dingley, Box 728, Cranbrook. Meets in
Auditorium, Cranbrook, on second and fourth
Thursdays in month at 3 p.m.
Corbin.
United Mine Workers of America, Local No. 2877
—President, J. Williams, Corbin; Secretary,
J. R. MacDonald, Box 273, Corbin. Meets at
Union Hall, Corbin, every second Sunday at
2 p.m.
Duncan.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
533—President, W. H. Smith. Parksville Junction ; Secretary, H. AV. McKenzie, Box 356,
Duncan.
Essondale.
Mental Hospital Attendants' Union, No. 35 (T.
& L.C.)—President, Kenneth C. Story; Secretary, J. McD. Nicholson.
Fernie.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers
of America, International Union of, Local No.
308—President, J. W. McGladrey, McPherson
Avenue; Secretary, J. E. Robson, Box 1071,
Fernie. Meets at Howland Avenue, Fernie,
on first Monday of each month at 7:30 p.m.
United Mine Workers of America, Local No. 2314
-—President, Wm. Hunter, Box 829, Fernie;
Secretary, T. Whitehouse, Box 33, Fernie.
Meets at Grand Theatre on Fridays at 7.30
p.m.
Field.
Railway  Carmen  of America,  No.  1454-
tary, T. Barlow, Field.
Golden.
-Secre-
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
165—President, G. Carlson, Golden ; Secretary,
C. Godfreyson. Meets at Golden on the last
Sunday of each quarter at 10 a.m.
Kamloops.
Brewery. Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers,
No. 276—Secretary, De Lance Green, 307 Main
Street, Kamloops. Meets first Tuesday in
month. G 66
Department op Labour.
1924
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 821—President O. G. Sutherland, Kamloops ; Secretary, T. J. O'Neill, Box 753, Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall on first and third
Thursdays in month at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 855—President, L. L. Ross, Kamloops;
Secretary, J. Patterson, Kamloops. Meets first
and third Sundays at Orange Hall, Kamloops,
at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 258—President, Howard Embley,
Kamloops; Secretary, R. Eccles; Recording
Secretary, Frank Vereker, Box 315, Kamloops.
Meets at L.O.O. Hall, Kamloops, at 2.30 p.m.
on second and fourth Wednesdays in month.
Railroad Employees, No. 161—President, J. E.
Fitzwater, Kamloops; Secretary, N. Papworth,
Kamloops.
Railway Carmen, Brotherhood of, Local No. 148
—President, O. E. Klemmer, North Kamloops;
Secretary, J. Clarke, Box 776, Kamloops.
Meets on first Thursday and fourth Friday in
month at 7.30 p.m.
Railway conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 611—President, J. Herchimer, Kamloops ; Secretary, W. Bailey, Box 798, Kamloops. Meets at Orange Hall, Kamloops, on
second and fourth Sundays in month at 2 p.m.
Railway Enginemen, Canadian Association of—
Secretary, W. Dohm, Kamloops.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
519—President. N. A. McGill, Kamloops; Secretary, V. A. Mott, Kamloops. Meets at Orange
Hall, Kamloops, on second Sundays and fourth
Tuesdays in month at 7 p.m.
Kitchener.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 229—President, G. O. Brown,
Box 739, Cranbrook; Secretary, C. A. Fransen.
Lucerne.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1874—Secretary,  A.   Grieve,  Lucerne   Station.
Locomotive Engineers, No. 898—Chief Engineer,
C. E. Barrett; Secretary, S. F. Hickingbottom.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, No. 904—
President, P. Sorenson, Lucerne; Secretary,
O. E. Jacobson, Lucerne. Meets at school-
house, Lucerne, on first and third Sundays in
month at 3 p.m.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, No. 727—
President, C. Cameron, Lucerne; Secretary,
A. McEachren, Lucerne.
Railway Conductors, No. 674—Chief Conductor,
M. J. Williams, Lucerne; Secretary, H. Squarebriggs. Meets at Lucerne every Sunday at
3 p.m.
Lytton.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 210—President, J. D. Nicol,
Spatsum via Spences Bridge; Secretary, R.
Halliday, Box 8, Spences Bridge.
Matsqui.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 31—President, P. E. Creek, Box
803, Kamloops; Secretary, T. J. Blackadder,
Box 134, Matsqui. Meets at C.N.R. Freight
Office Building, Vancouver, at 11 a.m. on first
Sunday in March, June, September, and
December.
Mission City.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
168—President, F. W. Brunton, Hatzic Post-
office ; Secretary, H. Anderson, Box 10, Harrison Mills. Meets at North Bend on third
Sunday in January, April, July, and October.
Michel.
United Mine Workers of America, Local No. 2334
—President, A. Causey, Natal; Secretary, S.
Lazaruk. Meets in Natal Club Hall, Natal,
at 2.30 p.m. on Sundays.
Nanaimo.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No. 54
—President, W. J. Ince, 321 Prideaux Street,
Nanaimo; Secretary, W. H. McMillan, 410
Bruce Avenue, Nanaimo. Meets at 7.30 p.m.
on first Tuesday  of month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
337—President, James J. Begg, c/o Free Press
Block, Nanaimo; Secretary, L. C. Gilbert, Box
476, Nanaimo.    Meets at call of President.
Nelson.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 196—President, A. E. Alloway, Nelson;
Secretary, H. Hughes, P.O. Box 465, Nelson.
Meets at 417y2 Hall Street, Nelson, at 8 p.m.
on last Thursday in month.
Building Trades Association of Nelson—President, J. Notman, Nelson; Secretary-Treasurer,
G. Williams, Nelson. Meets at Labour Temple
on first and third Wednesdays in month at
8 p.m.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 579—President, J. Simons, Nelson ; Secretary, E, Jeffcott, Nelson. Meets at K. of P.
Hall, Nelson, on first and third Sundays in
the month at 2.30 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Division No. 631—President, G. Turner,
Box 1084, Nelson; Secretary, Stanley Smith,
Box 1084, Nelson. Meets second and fourth
Sundays at 1.30 p.m. in I.O.O.F. Hall.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 663—President-Secretary, Fred. Chapman,
Box 253, Nelson.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
181—President, H. Erickson, Midway; Secretary, F. Gustafson, Box 265, Nelson. Meets
last Sunday in January, April, July, and
October at 2 p.m. at Nelson.
Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, Local No. 95—
Secretary, Marcus Martin, Nelson. 14 Geo. 5
Keport of the Deputy Minister.
G 67
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 98—President, R. Cook, Nelson; Secretary, J. Shardelow, Box 765, Nelson. Meets
in Maglio Hall, Nelson, at 8 p.m. on fourth
Thursday  in  month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 460—Chief Conductor, A. B. Hall,
915 Stanley Street, Nelson; Secretary, H. L.
Genest, Box 216, Nelson. Meets in K. of P.
Hall at 1.30 p.m. on second Sunday in month.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
558—President, C. H. Sewell, Victoria Street,
Nelson; Secretary, A. Klrby, 820 Carbonate
Street, Nelson. Meets at Community Building, cor. Stanley and Victoria Streets, at 2 p.m.
on second' Sunday in month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, No. 1291—
President, James Kay, Box 924, Nelson; Secretary, A. T. Richards, Box 701, Nelson. Meets
in Magleo  Block,  Nelson,  on last Monday  of
■    each month at 8 p.m.
Typographical Union, International, Local No. 340
—President, D. C. McMorris, " Daily News,"
Nelson ; Secretary, J. C. Wilson, " News," Nelson. Meets in Daily News Office, Nelson, at
5.10 p.m. on last Wednesday in month.
New Denver.
Mine, Mill & Smelter Workers, No. 98—Secretary, A. Shilland, New Denver.
New Westminster.
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 573—President, C. Moir, New Westminster; Secretary, Geo. Yorkstown, 35 Eighth
Street, New Westminster. Meets at 35 Eighth
Street on fourth Tuesday in month at 7 p.m.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink Workers of
America, International Union of, Local No.
286—Secretary, R. H. Reubens, Sapperton.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1251—President, W. Moody,
Twentieth Street, Edmonds; Secretary, T.
Blackledge, 824 Fifth Avenue, New Westminster. Meets at Labour Temple on first Thursday in month at 7.30 p.m.
Civic Employees of New Westminster, Union of—
President, Richard Reid, 525 Ninth Street, New
Westminster; Secretary, Rees Morgan, 313 Regina Street, New Westminster. Meets in
Labour Temple at 8 p.m. on first Thursday in
month.
Civil Servants of Canada (Amalgamated) —
President, D. K. Chester, New Westminster;
Secretary, H. G. Cox, New Westminster. Meets
at Labour Temple on third Friday in month
at 8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
256—Secretary, T. A. Briggs, 1123 Eighth
Avenue,  New  Westminster.
Fishermen's Protective Association of B.C.—
President, L. Patterson, Annieville; Secretary,
W, E. Maiden, P.O. Box 257, New Westminster.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No.   151—President,   H.   Bailey,   221   Third
Street, New Westminster; Secretary, D. MacDonald, 360 Sherbrooke Street, New Westminster. Meets in Labour Temple on first and
third Fridays in each month at 8 p.m.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 654
—President, F. Staton, 926 Tenth Street, New
Westminster; Secretary, F. C. Bass, 61 Sixth
Street, New Westminster. Meets in Labour
Temple at 2.30 p.m. on fourth Sunday in month.
Railway Carmen of American Brotherhood of,
Local No. 280—President, G. H. Cameron, 418
Third Street, New Westminster; Secretary,
A. H. Muttitt, 212 Fifth Avenue, New Westminster. Meets at Labour Temple on third
Friday in month at 8 p.m.
Retail Clerks' International Protective Association, No. 1306— Secretary, J. Ellis, 719
Thirteenth Street, New Westminster.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 134
—President, R. C. Higgins, Fifth Avenue, New
Westminster; Secretary, A. J. Bond, 519 Fourteenth Street, New Westminster. Meets in
Labour Temple at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
Tuesdays in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
632—President, J. T. Burnett, Box 1024, New
Westminster; Secretary, R. A. Stoney, Box
1024, New Westminster. Meets in Labour
Temple at 5 p.m. on last Friday in month.
Notch Hill.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 193—President M. Kubin, Sicamous ; Secretary, W. Loftus, Notch Hill.
Penticton.
Locomotive Engineers, No. '866—President, F.
McA. Stocker, Penticton; Secretary, Q. J.
Craney, Penticton. Meets at Burtch's Hall,
Penticton, on second and fourth Sundays of
each month at 3 p.m.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1023—President, James Slatter, General Delivery, Penticton; Secretary, E. H. Oroucher,
Penticton. Meets in Penticton at 1 p.m. on
second Sunday of every second month.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 884—President, C. A. Tupper,
Penticton; Secretary, R. O. Blackstock, Box
385, Penticton. Meets at Penticton on Sundays twice a month at 7 p.m.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
914—President, R. S. Fraser, Box 43, Penticton ; Secretary, Angus Campbell, P.O. Box
389, Penticton. Meets at Burtch's Hall, Penticton, on first and third Sundays of each month
at 9.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
541—President. H. de Pencier, Penticton; Secretary, W. B. Hilliard, Enderby. General meetings, Kelowna; monthly meetings, Penticton, at
8.30 p.m. on fourth Saturday of month. Area
comprises Vernon, Armstrong, Kelowna, Penticton, and Princeton. G 68
Department of Labour.
1924
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1426—President, H. Suckling, Box 322, Penticton ; Secretary, W. G. Archard, General Delivery, Penticton. Meets on first Monday in
month at 8 p.m.
Point Grey.
Fire Fighters' International Association, No. 260
—Secretary, S. Wooders, No. 1 Fire Hall, Ker-
risdale.
Port Alberni.
Longshoremen's Association, International, No.
38-22—President, T. Patterson, Alberni; Secretary, W. G. Bigmore, Port Alberni. Meets at
Bird Block, Port Alberni, at 8 p.m. on first and
third Tuesdays of month.
Powell River.
Pulp, Sulphite & Paper Mill Workers of United
States and Canada, International Brotherhood
of, Local No. 76—President, George P. O'Malley, Powell River; Secretary, J. A. Goddard,
Powell River. Meets first and third Sundays
of each month at Central Hall.
Prince George.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
No. 843—President, George Abbott, Prince
George; Secretary, J. A. McMillan, Prince
George. Meets in Odd Fellows' Hall on second
and fourth Mondays of each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Mount Robson Lodge, No. 827—President,
F. Armstrong, Box 187, Prince George; Secretary, M. Whitford, Box 324, Prince George.
Meets in I.O.O.F. Hall at 7.30 p.m. on first
and third Sundays in the month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Nechako
L«ttge, No. 1870—President, W. Cullen, Box
289, Prince George; Secretary, T. Nielsen, Box
162, Prince George. Mee'ts alternately at Endako and Prince George about once in six
weeks.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
202—President, A. Peterson, Newlands ; Secretary, W., Sims, McBride. Meets at McBride
and Prince George about end of each quarter.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Local
No. 620—President, Bert Gogna, Prince
George; Secretary, J. E. Paschall, Box 305,
Prince George. Meets in Odd Fellows' Hall
on second and fourth Sundays in month at
8 p.m.
Railroad Employees, Local No. 28—President,
F. C. Saunders, Prince George; Secretary,
H. A. MacLeod, Prince George. Meets in Odd
Fellows' Hall at call of President.
Prince Rupert.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 1735—President J. Mc-
Kechnie, Prince Rupert; Secretary, A. McLeod,
Prince Rupert; Financial Secretary, T. Ross
Mackay, Box 1573, Prince Rupert.    Meets in
■ Carpenters' Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third
Wednesdays of each month.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America,
Canadian Radio Division No. 65—Chairman,
Gilford Gray, Dead Tree Point Radio, Skidegate ; Secretary, W. T. Burford, Digby Island
Radio, Prince Rupert. Time and place of meetings variable.
Deep Sea Fishermen's Union of the Pacific—
Secretary-Treasurer, P. B. Gill, Box 65, Seattle.
Meets at Seattle, Prince Rupert, and Ketchican
on Tuesdays at 7.30 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 344—President, A. McRae, Box 457,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, S. Massey, Box 457,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at
8 p.m. on first Monday of each month.
Longshoremen's Association. International, Local
No. 38-41—President, G. Mathers, Box 531,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, F. W. Reich, Box
531, Prince Rupert. Meets at Prince Rupert
on Monday of each week at 8 p.m.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 207—President, W. Horrobin, General Delivery, Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. Campbell,
Box 469, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters'
Hall at 8 p.m. on second Wednesday in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
335—President, J. E. McDonald, Caspaeo; Secretary, T. G. McManamon, c/o C.N. Railway,
Kwinitsa. Meets alternately at Usk and Prince
Rupert at call of President and Secretary.
Metal Workers' International Alliance, No. 672
—Secretary, N. C. Robinson, Box 820.
Plumbers & Steamfitters of the United States and
Canada, United Association of. Local No. 495—
President, R. Wilson, P.O. Box 209. Prince
Rupert; Secretary, W. M. Brown, Box 209,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at
8 p.m. on first Monday in the month.
Railway   Carmen   of  America,   Brotherhood   of,
, Local No. 426—President, H. Leaper, Box 465,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, Frank Derry, Box
498, Prince Rupert. Meets in Prince Rupert
at 8 p.m. on second Monday of each month.
Railway Employees, Brotherhood of, Division No.
154—President, H. R. Hill, 1446 Second
Avenue West, Prince Rupert; Secretary, R. E.
James, Box 270, Prince Rupert. Meets on
Wednesdays at 8 p.m.
Sheet Metal Workers, International Alliance,
Local No. 672—President, G. Dobb; Secretary,
A. Hudena. Box 820, Prince Rupert. Meets
in Trades and Labour Council Hall at 8 p.m.
on fourth Friday in the month.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Local No. 510—
President, J. E. Boddie, Box 398, Prince
Rupert; Secretary, A. A. McEwan, B'ox 720,
Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall at
8 p.m. on first Friday of each month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
413—President, S. D. MacDonald, Box 689,
Prince Rupert; Secretary, J. M. Campbell, Box
6S9, Prince Rupert. Meets in Carpenters' Hall
at 3 p.m. on last Sunday of each month.
Revelstoke.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood  of, Local No. 407—Presi- 14 Geo. 5
Keport of the Deputy Minister.
G 69
dent, Jas. Mathie, Revelstoke; Secretary, Jas.
M. Goble, Box 283, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on the fourth Saturday of each month
at 8 p.m.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers of
America, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 466—President and Acting-Secretary,
Thomas McMillan, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall, Revelstoke, at 3.15 p.m. on third
Sunday of each month.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of, Division
657—President, H. Carpenter, Box 5, Revelstoke ; Secretary, J. P. Purvis, Box 27, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk Hall on first and third
Tuesdays of each month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. 341—President, R. McKay, Revelstoke; Secretary, W. Pavey, Revelstoke. Meets
in Selkirk Hall, Revelstoke, on the second
Wednesday of each month.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 258—President, A. W. Bell, Box 234,
Revelstoke; Secretary, Dugald Bell, Box 234,
Revelstoke. Meets in Smyth's Hall at 8 p.m.
on first Monday of month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
208—President, A. I>. Anderson, Revelstoke;
Secretary, A. Blackberg, Revelstoke. Meets in
Revelstoke at 2 p.m. on first Sunday in February, May, August, and November.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 481—President, W. Singer, Revelstoke ; Secretary, H. Parsons, Box 42, Revelstoke. Meets in Symth's Hall at 7.30 p.m. on
third Tuesday of each month.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Mount
Stephen Division, Local No. 487—President,
J. Knox, Revelstoke; Secretary, R. M. McDonald, Box 25, Revelstoke. Meets in Selkirk
Hall on second Monday and fourth Thursday
of each month at 2.30 and 7.30 p.m.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No. 51
—President, F. W. Westaway, Revelstoke; Secretary, W. Maxwell, Box 44, Revelstoke. Meets
at Revelstoke at 2 p.m. on first Sunday and
at 8 p.m. on third Monday of each month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 1257—Secretary, R. Hodson, Box 254,
Revelstoke.
Salmon  Arm.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
193—President, M. Kubin, Sicamous; Secretary, W. Loftus, Notch Hill. Meets at Salmon
Arm at 1 p.m. on third Sunday in March, June,
September, and December.
Salvas.
Maintenance-of-way Employees and Railway Shop
Labourers, No. 335—President, J. E. McDonald, Sockeye; Secretary, G. McManamon, Telegraph Point.
Smithers.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America, No.
53—Chairman and Secretary, W. Mitchell,
Smithers.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, Local No. Ill—Chief Engineer, J. M. Mc-
Cawley, Smithers; Secretary, F. V. Foster,
Smithers. Meets at Smithers on first and third
Tuesdays in month at 8 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Brotherhood
of, No. 902—President, B. Ross, Smithers;
Secretary, T. L. Stafford, Smithers.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
340—President, J. McKenzie, Moricetown ; Secretary, E. Gunderson, Smithers. Meets at
Smithers every three months.
Railroad Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
No. 157—Secretary, Hugh Forrest, Smithers.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Farthest
North Lodge, No. 869—President, A. Green-
halgh, Box 180, Smithers; Secretary, H. H.
Oleson, Box 89, Smithers. Meets at Railway-
men's Hall, Smithers, on first and third Thursdays of each month at 8.30 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1415—President, G. W. Smith, Smithers; Secretary, F. E. Page, Box 124, Smithers. Meets
at Social Hall, Smithers, on first Thursday in
month at 7.30 p.m.
South Vancouver.
Civic Employees' Union—President, A. W.
Richardson, Municipal Hall, South Vancouver;
Secretary, W. S. Welton, Municipal Hall, South
Vancouver. Meets at Municipal Hall, South
Vancouver, on second Tuesday in month at
8 p.m.
Fire Fighters, International Association of, No.
259—Secretary, L. B. Taylor, No. 3 Fire Hall.
Squamish.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of, No.
1419—Secretary, W. F. Ogilvie, Squamish;
President, T. Smith.
Steveston.
Fishermen's Benevolent Society (Japanese Independent)—President, K. Oda; Secretary, T.
Takahashi.
Stewart.
Mine, Mill & Smelters Workers' Union, International, Local No. 181—Secretary, W. Fraser,
Stewart.
Trail.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 763—President, A. Balfour, Box 114,
Trail; Secretary, T. Meachem, Box 74, Trail.
Meets in Miners' Hall at call of Chair.
Musicians, American Federation of, No. 685—
President, J. Pasta; Secretary, Wi L. Dunning,
Box 627, Trail.
Vancouver.
Bakery Salesmen's International Union of America, Local No. 371—President, J. Brightwell,
2020 Quebec Street; Secretary, H. A. Bowron,
2849 Burns Street. Meets at Holden Building
on second Thursday of each month at 8 p.m. G 70
Department of Labour.
1924
Barbers' International Union, Journeymen, Local
No. 120—President, C. E. Herrett, 71 Hastings
Street East; Secretary, A. R. Jennie, 728 Hastings Street West. Meets at 810 Holden Building at 7.15 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays
in month.
Blacksmiths, Drop Forgers & Helpers, International Brotherhood of, Local No. 151—President, W. J. Bartlett, 1154 Howe Stieet; Secretary, A. Arman, 2048 Second Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East
at 8 p.m. on fourth Friday of each month.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers, International Brotherhood of. Local No. 194—President, J. Wright, 3368 Twenty-seventh Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, A. Fraser, 5079
Ross Street, South Vancouver. Meets at 16
Hastings Street East at 8 p.m. on first and
third Mondays of each month.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 105—President, F. J. Milne, 536 Drake
Street. Vancouver; Secretary, A. H. Hoskin,
118 Fifty-second Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at Holden Building, Hastings Street,
Vancouver, on second Tuesday of each month at
8 p.m.
Boot & Shoe Workers' Union, Local No. 505—■
President, T. M. Spence, 1812 Forty-seventh
Avenue East, Vancouver: Secretary, T. G. Griffiths, 3622 McGill Street, Vancouver. Meets at
804 Holden Building at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday in month.
Bricklayers, Masons & Plasterers' International
Union of America. Local Union No. 1, B.C.—
President, G. E. Halliday, 2867 Albert Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, W. S. Dagnall, Box 53,
Vancouver. Meets at 808 Holden Building,
Vancouver, on second and fourth Wednesdays
in month at 8 p.m.
Bridge & Structural Iron Workers, International
Association of, Local No. 97—President, W.
Findlay, Box 1196. Vancouver; Secretary. J.
Brown, Box 1196, Vancouver. Meets at Holden
Building, 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver,
at 8 p.m. each Monday.
Carpenters & Joiners, Amalgamated Society of,
Branch No. 1—President, G. Richardson, Flack
Block; Secretary, F. Prosser, 20S3 Forty-third
Avenue West, Kerrisdale. Meets at 163 Hastings Street West at 8 p.m. on second and fourth
Tuesdays of each month.
Carpenters & Joiners, Amalgamated Society of,
Branch No. 2—President, G. Finlay, 454
Twentieth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary,
W. Bray, 72 Sixteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at Flack Building, 163 Hastings
Street West, on first and third Tuesdays of
month at 8 p.m.
Carpenters & Joiners, United Brotherhood of,
Local No. 452—President, R. W. Hatley, 551
Twenty-seventh Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, W. Page, 809 Holden Building, Vancouver; Business Agent. W. Dunn, 1510
Eleventh Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at
21.3 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
second and fourth Mondays in month.
Cigarmakers, International Union of America,
Local No. 357—President, G. Thomas, 1199
Bidwell  Street,  Vancouver;   Secretary,  R.  A.
Shaw, 1022 Seymour Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 804 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on first Tuesday in month.
City Hall Employees' Association—President,
F. N. Bentley; Secretary, D. Robson, c/o 1006
Pendrell Street, Vancouver. Meets at 445
Richards Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first
Wednesday of each month.
Civic Employees' Federal, Local No. 28 '(Chartered by Trades & Labour Congress of Canada)
—President, D. Cuthell, 2852 Albert Street,
Vancouver; Secretary, G. Harrison, 1182
Parker Street, Vancouver. Meets at 445
Richards Street, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first
and third Fridays in month.
Civil Servants of Canada, Amalgamated—President, D. J. Murphy, Post Office Staff, Vancouver ; Secretary, J. Linsen, Post Office Staff,
Vancouver. Meets at Eagle Hall, Homer Street,
on second Thursday in month at 8 p.m.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America,
C.P.R. System, Division No. 1—Chairman,
W. D. Brine, Box 432, Vancouver; Secretary,
H. S. Cunningham, Box 432, Vancouver. Meets
at Holden Building, no regular time set.
Commercial Telegraphers' Union of America.
Local 52—Chairman, J. Clark, 738 Sherburn
Street, Winnipeg; Secretary, J. A. McDougall,
1633 Twelfth Avenue East, Vancouver.
Dominion Express Employees, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 15—President, E. Ensor, 315 Eighth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, G. Murray, 4330 Dumphries Street, South Vancouver.
Meets at Belvedere Court, Tenth Avenue and
Main Street, on first Tuesday and third Friday
of each month at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 213—President, D. W. McDougall,
910 Hastings Street East, Vancouver; Secretary, D. S. Pallen, 1811 Trafalgar Street;
Financial Secretary and Business Agent, E. H.
Morrison, Room 111, 319 Pender Street West,
Vancouver. Meets at 148 Cordova Street West
on Monday at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of.
Local No. 310—President, F. Buckle, 2525
Wellington Street, South Vancouver; Recording Secretary, Lloyd Purdy, 3754 Inverness
Street, Vancouver; Financial Secretary, W. E.
Buntin, 2200 Cambie Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 310 Holden Building, Vancouver, at S p.m.
every Monday.
Fire. Fighters, International Association of, Local
No. 18—President, Neil McDonald, No. 1 Fire
Hall, Arancouver; Secretary, C. A. Watson, No.
3 Fire Hall, Vancouver.
General Labourers' Union—President, J. R. Hawthorne ; Financial Secretary, A. Padgham,
Joyce Road P.O.; Recording Secretary, G.
Tether, 2249 Forty-fifth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets in Holden Building on first and
third Mondays in month.
Granite Cutters, International Association of—
President, G. Fordyce, 533 Fifty-third Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, John Philip, 2537
Trinity Street. Meets on third Friday of month
at Holden Building, 16 Hastings Street East,
at 7.30 p.m. 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 71
Hod Carriers. Building and Common Labourers'
Union of America, No. 792—President, J. R.
Hawthorn, 4796 Drummond Drive; Secretary,
A. Padgham, Joyce P.O., South Vancouver.
Hotel & Restaurant Employees, International Alliance, Local No. 28—President, W. Colmar, 441
Seymour Street, Vancouver; Secretary, A. Graham, 441 Seymour Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 441 Seymour Street every Wednesday.
Jewellery Workers, International Union of, Local
No. 42—President, A. Bergman, 2030 Venables
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, T. Howell, Birks'
Factory,. Vancouver. Meets on second and
fourth Tuesdays in month.
Lathers, Wood, Wire & Metal, International
Union, Local No. 207—President, S. White,
2754 Sixth Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary,
,7. G. Finlayson, 2635 Twelfth Avenue West,
Vancouver. Meets at Room 312, 319 Pender
Street West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first Friday in month.
Lithographers of America, Amalgamated, Local
No. 44—President, H. J. Rhodes; Secretary,
T. Thompson, P.O. Box 71, Vancouver. Meets
at Room 804, Holden Building, Vancouver, at
8 p.m. on third Wednesday in month.
Locomotive Engineers, Brotherhood of. Division
No. 320—President, G. P. Boxton, 1741 Third
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary. H. O. B.
McDonald, 1222 Pendrell Street, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall on second Tuesday in
month at 8 p.m. and on fourth Tuesday in
month at 2 p.m.
Locomotive Firemen & Enginemen, Local No. 656
—President, T. McEwen, 364 Eighth Avenue
West, Vancouver; Secretary, S. H. Waterhouse,
1603 Grant Street, Vancouver. Meets at
I.O.O.F. Hall on first Thursday of each month
at 8 p.m.'
Lumber Workers' Industrial Union of Canada,
Coast Branch—Secretary, J. M. Clarke, 814-5
Holden Building, Vancouver. Meets on second
and fourth Sundays of each month at 1 p.m.
Lumber Workers' Industrial Union, No. 120
(I.W.W.)—Secretary, E, Youngberg, 157 Cordova Street West, Vancouver.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 182—President, E. B. McLean, 453 Sixth
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, S. A.
Boardman. 3388 Parker Street, Vancouver.
Meets at Holden Building. Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Fridays.
Machinists, International Association of, Local
No. 692—President, T. Sills, 1352 Burrard
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, P. R. Bengough,
807 Holden Building, Vancouver. Meets at 807
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on
second and fourth Tuesdays.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
167—President. C. J. Beck, 1612 Eighth
Avenue West, Vancouver; Secretary, A. D. Mcdonald, Box 115, Vancouver. Meets at 804
Holden Building, Vancouver, at 11 a.m. on
third Sunday in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
1734—President, A. Shann, 5827 Lancaster
Street, South Vancouver; Secretary, J. Roscoe,
22 Fourteenth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets
at Eagle Hall at 3 p.m. last Sunday in month.
Marine Transport Workers' Union, No. 510
(I.W.W.)—Secretary, S. H. Dixon, 157 Cordova Street West, Vancouver.
Milk Wagon Drivers & Dairy Employees, Local
No. 464—President, R. C. Bowhey, 16 Hastings
Street East, Vancouver; Secretary, B. Showier,
1115 Robson Street, Vancouver. Meets at 16
Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on second and fourth Fridays in month.
Moulders of North America, International Union
of, Local No. 281—President, D. McCormack,
611 Blackford Street, New Westminster; Secretary, J. W. Wilson, 2523 Price Street, Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first and third Fridays in
month.
Moving Picture Machine Operators, Local No. 348
—President, J. R. Foster, 1161 Granville
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, G. Gerrard, P.O.
Box 345, Vancouver. Meets on first Sunday in
month at 991 Nelson Street at 7.30 p.m.
Musicians, American Federation of (Musicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 145—
President, E. C. Miller, Gresham Rooms,
Smythe Street; Secretary, Edward A. Jamieson,
991 Nelson Street, Vancouver. Meets at Moose
Hall, Homer Street, Vancouver, at 10 a.m. on
second Sunday in month.
Painters, Decorators & Paperhangers of America,
Local No. 138—President, R. S. Stevenson, 319
Pender Street West, Vancouver; Secretary,
T. H. Grand, 5737 Carlton Street, Vancouver.
Meets at 319 Pender Street West, Vancouver,
at 8 p.m. on Thursdays.
Pile Drivers, Bridge, Wharf & Dock Builders,
Local No. 2404—President, Gordon Campbell,
Box 320, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Thompson,
Box 320, Vancouver. Meets at 112 Hastings
Street West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. each Friday.
Photo Engravers' International Union of North
America, Local No. 54—President, G. L. Edwards, 2723 Fifth Avenue West, Vancouver;
Secretary, J. H. Wolverson, Cleland-Bell Engraving Co., Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings
Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on first Wednesday in month.
Plasterers & Cement Finishers, International
Association of the United States and Canada,
Local No. 89—President, W. R. Strickland, 289
Forty-sixth Avenue East. South Vancouver;
Secretary, A. Hurry, 861 Thirty-fourth Avenue
East, Vancouver. Meets at Holden Building,
16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
on first AVednesday in month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United States
and Canada, United Association of. Local No.
170—President, B. Stinchcombe, 1759 Thirty-
fourth Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary,
A. Jane, 2158 Sixth Avenue West. Vancouver;
Business Agent and Financial Secretary, J.
Hey, 645 Main Street, Vancouver. Meets at
Holden Building, 16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Fridays. G 72
Department of Labour.
1924
Policemen's Federation (Chartered by Trades &
Labour Congress of Canada), Local No. 12—
President, R. A. Perry, 1843 William Street,
A'ancouver;. Secretary, W. M. Thompson, 1362
Seventeenth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets at
16 Hastings Street East, Vancouver, no time
fixed.
Postal Workers, Amalgamated—President, D. J.
McCarthy, 2325 Maple Street, Vancouver; Secretary, J. Linsen, 1728 Yew Street, Vancouver.
Meets at 535 Homer Street at 8 p.m. on second
Thursday of month.
Printing Pressmen & Assistants, International
Union of North America, Local No. 69—President, H. F. Longley, North Shore Press, North
Vancouver; Secretary, F. H. Humphrey, Box
S94. Meets at 213 Holden Building, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. on second Tuesday in month.
Railway Employees, Canadian Brotherhood of,
Division No. 59—President, A. N. Lowes, 4841
AVindsor Street, Vancouver; Secretary, Charles
Bird, 2030 Union Street, Vancouver. Meets at
I.O.O.F. Hall, 515 Hamilton Street, at 8 p.m.
on fourth Wednesday in month.
Railroad Trainmen, Brotherhood of, No. 144—
President. G. H. Patterson, 1776 Thirty-ninth
Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary, D. A.
Munro, 70 Seventh Avenue West, Vancouver.
Meets at I.O.O.F. Hall, Hamilton Street, on
first Tuesday at 8 p.m. and third Sunday at
2 p.m.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 58—President, H. A. Benbow, 549
Eleventh Avenue East, Vancouver; Secretary,
J. D. Arulliamy, 2215 Fifteenth Avenue AVest,
Vancouver. Meets at Cotillion Hall, Davie and
Granville Streets, on first and third Fridays in
month at 8 p.m.
Railway Conductors of America, Order of, Division No. 267—President, J. R. Burton, 1324
First Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary, J. B.
Physick, 1156 ThurlOw Street, Vancouver.
Meets at.I.O.O.F. Hall on first Sunday and
third Thursday at 8 p.m.
Railway Mail Clerks' Association—President, H.
F. Hatt. 3181 Fifth Avenue West, Vancouver;
Secretary, S. C. Bate, 2172 Seventh Avenue
AA'iest, A'ancouver. Meets in Room 18, Post
Office Building, Vancouver, at 2.30 p.m. on
last Tuesday of month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood of.
No. 630—President. J. Brodie. 1064 Thirteenth
Avenue East. Vancouver; Secretary, J. W.
Hope, 1014 Hornby Street, Vancouver. Meets
at Sprott's College, corner of Tenth and Main
Streets, at S p.m. on first and third Mondays
in month.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers,
Express & Station Employees, Brotherhood
of. Local No. 46—President, G. S. Hodgson,
5615 Commercial Street. South Vancouver;
Secretary, H. Glover, 1725 Third Avenue AVest,
Arancouver.
Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No.
144—President, G. H. Patterson, 3840 Knight
Road, Vancouver; Secretary, D. A. Munro, 70
Seventh Avenue West, A'ancouver. Meets at
I.O.O.F. Hall, Hamilton Street, Vancouver, at
7.30 p.m. on first Tuesday and 2.30 p.m. on
third Sunday.
Sawmill Filers & Sawyers' Association—President, J. O. Brown, 1S48 Fifty-second Avenue
East, South Vancouver; Secretary, H. Isher-
wood, 858 Sixty-sixth Street East, South Vancouver. Meets at 163 Hastings Street West,
A'ancouver, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Mondays in month.
Seafarers' Union of B.C., The Federated—President, R. Thorn, 565 Howe Street; Vice-President, D. Gillespie, 318 Cordova Street West,
A'ancouver; Secretary, AV. Donaldson, 318 Cordova Street West, Vancouver. Meets at 318
Cordova Street West at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday and third Friday of month.
Seamen's Union of the Pacific—President, Andrew
Furuseth, Room 409-10, A.F. of L. Building,
Washington, D.C.; Secretary, G. Larsen, 59
Clay Street, San Francisco, Cal.; Business
Agent, G. Campbell, 305 Cambie Street, Vancouver. Meets at Room 103, 305 Cambie Street,
A'ancouver, at 7.30 p.m. every Monday.
Sheet :Metal Workers, Local No. 280—President,
T. Burke, 2731 Twenty-fourth Avenue East,
Vancouver; Secretary, E. W. Crawford, 719
Eighth Avenue West, A'ancouver. Meets at
Holden Building, 16 Hastings Street East, at
8 p.m. on second and fourth Thursdays.
Soft Drink Dispensers' Union, No. 676—President, Frank McCann, 1423 Eleventh Avenue
East, Vancouver; Secretary, T. J. Hanafin,
2376 Sixth Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets
at 319 Pender Street West, Vancouver, at 2.30
p.m. on first Sunday in month.
Steam Engineers, Sawyers, Filers & Mill Mechanics, Canadian Society of Certified, Headquarters No. 1—President, J. O. Brown, 1848
Fifty-second Avenue East, South Vancouver;
Secretary, H. Isherwood, * 858 Sixty-sixth
Avenue East, South Vancouver. Meets on
second and fourth Mondays in month at 163
Hastings Street AVest, Vancouver, at 8 p.m.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International
Union of. Local No. 844—President, J. Flynn,
SOO Helmcken Street. A'ancouver; Secretary,
F. L. Hunt, 778 Burrard Street, Vancouver.,
Meets at 806 Holden Building, Vancouver, at
8 p.m. every Thursday.
Steam & Operating Engineers, Industrial Union
of. No. SS2—President, Charles Price; Business
Agent and Financial Secretary, F. L. Hunt;
Recording Secretary, J. T. Venn. Meets every
AVednesday at 8 p.m., Room 806 Holden Building.
Railway & Steamship Clerks, Freight Handlers &
Station Employees, No. 626—President, H. P.
Wilson, 1758 Thirty-third Avenue East, Vancouver ; Secretary, E. Baldock, 6433 Argyle
Street, Arancouver. Meets at C.P.R. Storeroom, Drake Street, Vancouver, on last Friday
of month at 5 p.m.
Steam Shovel & Dredgermen, International
Brotherhood of, Local No. 62—President, D.
Clark. Aldergrove; Secretary, G. D. Lamont,
223 Carrall Street, A'ancouver.
Stenographers, Association of—President, Miss
C.  A'.  Rogers,  507 Metropolitan  Building.
Stereotypers & Electrotypers. International Union
of. Local No. 88—President, H. G. Woodbury,
180 Gothard Street, Vancouver; Secretary,
J. McKinnon, 1614 Keefer Street, Vancouver. 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 73
Meets at 310 Holden Building at 4 p.m. on
second Monday in month.
Stone-cutters' Association of North America—
President, J. Pennock, 2227 Eighth Avenue
AVest, Vancouver; Secretary, F. Lowe, 3225
Twenty-sixth Avenue East, Vancouver. Meets
at 810 Holden Building on second Tuesday in
month at 8 p.m.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 101
—President, F. A. Hoover, 1209 Clark Drive;
Secretary, AA'. H. Cottrill, 166 Seventeenth
Avenue West, Vancouver. Meets at K. of P.
Hall, Eighth Avenue and Kingsway, A'ancouver, at 10 a.m.. on first Monday and 7 p.m. on
third Monday.
Switchmen's Union of North America, Local No.
Ill—President, J. D. Murray, 1161 Comox
Street, Vancouver; Secretary, A. S. Crosson,
1228 Howe Street. Meets at 209 Holden Building on first Sunday in month.
Tailors' Union of America, Journeymen, Local
No. 178—President, A. R. Gatenby, 1721 Cotton Drive, Vancouver; Secretary, C. McDonald,
P.O. Box 503, Vancouver. Meets at 16 Hastings Street East, A'ancouver, at 8 p.m. on first
Thursday in month.
Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Stablemen & Helpers, No.
464 (Milk Wagon Drivers and Dairy Employees)—President, E. AVood, 714 Sixth
Avenue AA'est, Vancouver; Secretary, B.
Showier, 1115 Robson Street, Vancouver. Meets
at 213 Holden Building on second and fourth
Fridays in month at 8 p.m.
Telegraphers' Union of America, No. 52, Commercial (Canadian Press Division)—Secretary,
J. A. McDougall, 1633 Twelfth Avenue East,
A'ancouver. »
Telegraphers' Union of America, Division 65,
Commercial (Canadian Government Radio Division)—Secretary, W. D. Burford, AVireless
Station, Point Grey.
Theatrical Stage Employees & Moving Picture
Machine Operators of the United States and
Canada, International Alliance of, Local No.
118—President, AA'. J. Park, 2155 Grant Street,
A'ancouver; Secretary, G. Martin, P.O. Box
711, 1740 A'ictoria Drive, Vancouver. Meets at
991 Nelson Street, Vancouver, at 9.30 a.m. on
second Friday in month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
226—President, R. P. Pettipiece, P.O. Box 66,
A'ancouver; Secretary, R. H. Neelands, P.O.
Box 66, Vancouver. Meets at Room 13, 16
Hastings Street East, Vancouver, at 2 p.m. on
last Sunday in month.
Upholsterers' International Union No. 26—Secretary, A. Burman, 125 West Sixth Street.
Waterfront Freight Handlers' Association—President, N. E. AA'right, 528 Robson Street; Secretary, A. Rawden, 233 Main Street (rear).
Meets in rear of 233 Main Street on first and
third Wednesdays in month at 8 p.m.
Wood-workers, Amalgamated Society of—President, G. Richardson, 2856 Oxford Street, Vancouver; Secretary, C, E. Ellis, 1657 Thirty-
sixth Avenue East, South A'ancouver. Meets at
Flack Building, 163 Hastings Street West, Vancouver, at 8 p.m. second and fourth Tuesdays
of each month.
Vernon.
Typographical Union, No. 541—President, H. G.
Bartholmew, Box 643, Kelowna; Secretary,
AV. B. Hilliard, R.R. No. 1, Enderby. Meetings
held at Vernon on last Sunday in month.
Victoria.
Barbers, Journeymen, International Union of,
Local No. 372—President, J. A. Shanks, 1281
Fairfield Road, Victoria ; Secretary, J. Langlois,
Sayward Block, Douglas Street. Meets at 1305
Government Street on fourth Monday in month
at 8 p.m.
Bridge, Dock & Wharf Builders, No. 2415—
President, J. McLeod, 7 Boyd Street, Victoria;
Secretary, E. E. Goldsmith, 2565 Grahame
Street, Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad
Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. first and third Mondays of each month.
Bridge, Structural & Ornamental Ironworkers,
International Association of, Local No. 185—
President, D. Kennedy, Box 236, A'ictoria; Secretary, A. M. Davis, Box 236, Victoria. Meets
at Trades Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third
Wednesdays in month.
Boilermakers, Iron Shipbuilders & Helpers of
America, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 191—President, G. Penketh, 2517 Blan-
shard Street, Victoria; Secretary, J. Roe, 2257
Foul Bay Road, Victoria. Meets at Foresters'
Hall at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays.
Bookbinders, International Brotherhood of, Local
No. 147—President, A. J. AViley, 141 Clarence
Street, Victoria; Secretary, W. W. Laing, 125
Linden Avenue, Victoria. Meets at Trades
Hall, Broad Street, Victoria, at 8 p.m. on fourth
Friday in month.
Brewery, Flour, Cereal & Soft Drink AA'lorkers of
America, International Union of United, Local
No. 280—President, G. AA. Brewer, Crease
Avenue, Saanich; Secretary, Ernest Orr, 58
Sims Avenue, Saanich. Meets at Trades Hall,
Broad Street, Arictoria, at 8 p.m., on second
Tuesday in month.
Bricklayers, Masons & Plasters of America, International Union of, Local No. 2—President,
E. W. Mertton, 1039 Hillside Avenue, A'ictoria;
Secretary, J. H. Owen, 541 Toronto Street,
Victoria. Meets at K. of P. Hall, Victoria, at
8 p.m. on first Monday in month.
Carpenters & Joiners of America, United Brotherhood of, Local No. 2651—President, A. Smith,
Cornwall Street, A'ictoria; Secretary, J. Town-
send, Kingsley Street, Saanich (Box 26, Victoria). Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street,
A'ictoria, at 8 p.m. on second and fourth Tuesdays.
Carpenters & Joiners (Shipwrights). United
Brotherhood of, Local No. 1598—President,
AV. Farquhar; Recording Secretary, R. S. Stott,
1191 St. Patrick Street; Financial Secretary,
P. Packford, Shelbourne Street. Meets at
Trades Hall, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on first
and third Mondays in month.
Carpenters & Joiners (Bridge Workers), United
Brotherhood of. Local No. 2415—Secretary,
E. E. Goldsmith, 2565 Grahame Street, A'ictoria. G 74
Department of Labour.
1924
Civic Employees. Local No. 50.—President, A. E.
Fraser, 824 Pembroke Street, Victoria; Secretary, J. J. Whitecomb, 1458 Taunton Street,
A'ictoria. Meets at 842 North Park Street,
A'ictoria, at 8 p.m. on second Wednesday.
Cooks, Waiters & Waitresses, Local No. 459—
President, M. C. V. Moir; Secretary, F. Dovey.
P.O. Box 233, Victoria. Meets at 1305 Government Street on first and third Tuesdays in
month.
Dominion Express Employees, Brotherhood of,
No. 20—President, T. C. John; Secretary, F. E.
Dutot, c/o Dominion Express, Victoria. Meets
at 200 Belmont Building on first Monday in
month at 8 p.m.
Electrical Workers, International Brotherhood of,
Local No. 230—President, A. Harper, 3500
Doncaster Drive, Victoria; Secretary, W. Reid,
2736 Asquith Street, Victoria. Meets at Labour
Hall, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. every Monday.
Granite Cutters' International Association of
America—President, J. Eva, Orillia Street,
Saanich; Secretary, J. Barlow, P.O. Box 392.
Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on third Friday of each month.
Steam & Operating Engineers, International
Union, Local No. 446—President, C. MacLean;
Secretary, H. Geake, 114 Howe Street, Victoria.
Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on second
and fourth Tuesdays.
Federated Seafarers' Union of B.C.—Branch
Agent, W. Morgan, Green Block, Broad Street.
Meets at Green Block on first Tuesday and
third Friday in month at 8.30 p.m.
Firefighters, City Union No. 258—President, J. E.
Roberts, Headquarters Fire Hall, Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Heaslip, Headquarters Fire Hall,
A'ictoria. Meets at Headquarters Fire Hall,
Cormorant Street, at 8 p.m. on or about first
of each month.
Letter Carriers, Federated Association of, No.
11—President, J. W. Pitney, 2012 Blanshard
Street, Victoria; Secretary, W. O. Cave, 1619
Oakland Avenue, Victoria. Meets in Surrey
Block, Yates Street, at 7.30 p.m. on third
Thursday in month.
Locomotive Firemen & Engineers, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 690—President, Harry Richmond,
414 Russell Street, Victoria; Secretary, H. J.
Brown, 405 John Street, Victoria. Meets at
A.O.F. Hall, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on first
Wednesday and third Thursday in month.
Maintenance-of-way Employees & Railway Shop
Labourers, United Brotherhood of, Local No.
2824—President, J. Reece, 2602 Work Street,
Victoria; Secretary, G. E. AVilkinson, 50 Sims
Avenue, Victoria. Meets at C.N.R. Saanich
Lodge Room on third Sundays of March, June,
September, and December at 2 p.m.
Meat Cutters & Butchers, International Union of,
Local No. 485—President, AV. J. O'Connor, c/o
Hollywood Meat Market, Foul Bay; Secretary
R. Elliott, 2519 Government Street, Victoria.
Meets at Labour Hall. Broad Street. Victoria,
at 8 -p.m. on second Monday in month.
Moulders, International Union of North America,
Local No. 144—President, G. Stancombe;
Financial Secretary, G. Smethurst, 549 Niagara
Street, Victoria; Corresponding Secretary, W.
Kaye, 421 Vincent Street, Saanich.    Meets at
K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on second Wednesday
in month.
Musicians,  American  Federation  of   (ilusicians'
Mutual Protective Association), Local No. 247
—President,   Stanley   Peele,    1210   McKenzie
Street, Victoria; Secretary, AV. H. Press, 1060
Burdette Avenue, Victoria.    Meets at K of P.
Hall at 2 p.m. on second Sunday in month.
Painters, Decorators & Paper-Hangers,  Brotherhood of, Local 119—President, E. Impett, 2009
Oak   Bay   Avenue;    Financial   Secretary,   J.
Aspenwall,   746   King's   Road;   Corresponding-
Secretary,   F.   Harman,   56S   A'incent   Street.
Meets at Trades Hall,  Broad  Street,  on first
and third Thursdays in month at 8 p.m.
Pattern Makers' League of North America—President,  John  L.  Parkinson,  1235 Lyall   Street,
Esquimalt;   Secretary,   J.   A.   McCahill.   P.O.
Box 851,  A'ictoria.    Meets on second Monday
each month at 326 John Street.
Photo Engravers.  International Union of North
America  (Auxiliary of Vancouver), Local No.
54—Secretary,  Frank  M.  Day c/o Engraving
Department, " The Times," Victoria.
Pile  Drivers  &  Wooden  Bridgemen,  No.   185—■
President,     Joseph     Munroe,     1117    Hillside
Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, E. E. Goldsmith,
2565    Grahame    Street,    Victoria.     Meets    at
Trades Hall at 8 p.m. on first and third Mondays.
Plasterers   &   Cement   Finishers.   International,
Local No.  450—Financial  and  Corresponding
Secretary,  F.  Agnew,   Gorge Park.    Meets  in
Green Block on second Thursday of month.
Plumbers & Steam Fitters of the United  States
and Canada, United Association of, Local No.
324—President,  J. Fox, £858 Austin Avenue;
Secretary,   H.   Johnson,   3261   Harriet   Road.
Meets at K. of P. Hall at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Tuesdays.
Policemen's Federal Union, Local No. 24—President, H. Raines, 1614 Haultain Street; Secretary, A. H.  Bishop, 316 Skinner  Street,  Victoria.    Meets  at Police Headquarters at 3.15
p.m. on second Tuesday in month.
Postal   Clerks   Association    (Dominion)—President,  H. W. Adams, 2571 Blackwood  Street;
Secretary, J. White, 2237 Bowker Avenue.
Printing   Pressmen   &   Assistants,   International
Union of North America, Local No. 79—Presi-
■..j    dent, Thomas Nute, 534 Michigan Street, A'ic-
;    toria; Secretary, F. H. Larssen, 1236 McKenzie
S    Street, Victoria.   Meets at Labour Hall, Broad
<*-    Street, at 8 p.m. on second Monday in month.
I Railway & Steamships Clerks, Freight Handlers,
|j    Express & Station Employees, No. 1137—Presi-
I    dent, E. Leonard, 1221 Whittaker Street, Vic-
S    toria;   Secretary,  V.   I.   Duncan,   832  Tolmie
Pj   Avenue,  Victoria.     Meets  at  Trades  Hall  at
P    8 p.m. on first Thursday in month.
fc; Railway Conductors, No. 289—Chief Conductor,
f.    J. W. Thompson, 556 McPherson Avenue; Sec-
W   retary, J. Martin, 2109 Vancouver Street.
f. Railway Trainmen, Brotherhood of, Local No. 613
P   —President, J. S. Menzies;  Secretary, W. M.
B   Parlbv, 780 Dominion Road, Esquimalt.   Meets
P    at A.O.F. Hall,  Broad  Street,  Victoria,  at 8
jfe   p.m.   on   second  Tuesday  and  last  Friday   in
K   month. 14 Geo. 5
Report op the Deputy Minister.
G 75
Retail Clerks, International Association of, Local
No. 604—President, J. Talbot, 1737 Bank
Street, A'ictoria; Secretary, H. H. Hollins,
Trades Hall, Broad Street. Meets at Trades
Hall, Broad Street, at 8 p.m. on first Tuesday
in month.
Sheet Metal Workers, Amalgamated, International
Alliance of, Local No. 134—President, J. J.
Bell, P.O. Box 5, Victoria; Secretary, T.
Brooke, P.O. Box 5, Victoria. Meets at K. of
P. Hall, 842 North Park Street, at 8 p.m. on
first Thursday.
Steam Engineers, Sawyers, Filers & Mill Mechanics, No. 3—President, J. McKenzie; Secretary, B. Burton, Sidney. Meets at Trades Hall
at 8 p.m. on first Monday in month.
Street & Electric Railway Employees of America,
Amalgamated Association of, Division No. 109
—President, E, F. Fox, 1219 Basil Avenue, Victoria ; Secretary, R. A. C. Dewar, 1218 Johnson
Street, Victoria. Meets corner Broad and Yates
Streets, Victoria, at 10 a.m. and 7 p.m. on second
Tuesday in month.
Stonecutters' Association of North America
(Journeymen)—President, W. Mackay, Box
853, Victoria; Secretary, J. Barlow, Box 853,
Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on second Thursday
in Labour Hall, Broad Street.
Tailors' Journeymen Union of America, Local No.
142—President, M. Mobray ; Vice-President,
O. Tripp; Financial Secretary, H. D. Reid;
Recording Secretary, B. Stringer, Box 1031,
Victoria. Meets at 8 p.m. on first Monday in
month.
Teamsters & Chauffeurs, General, International
Brotherhood of, Local No. 365—President, W.
Rose, 1216 Princess Avenue, Victoria; Secretary, John Scouland, 350 Robertson Street, Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street, at
8 p.m. on first Tuesday.
Theatrical Stage Employees & Moving Picture
Machine Operators of the United States and
Canada, International Alliance of, Local No.
168—President, S. EVans, Fairfield Hotel, Victoria ; Secretary, C. More, 949 Balmoral Road,
Victoria. Meets at Trades Hall, Broad Street,
Victoria, at 11.15 p.m. oh first Thursday in
month.
Typographical Union, International, Local No.
201—President, R. G. Marshall, Ritz Hotel,
Victoria; Secretary, T. A. Burgess, 2094 Byron
Street, Victoria. Meets at Campbell Building
(6th floor), Victoria, at 2 p.m. on last Sunday
in month.
Upholsterers & Trimmers, No. 5—Secretary, F.
Jenkins, Colville Road, Victoria. Meets in
Campbell Building at 8 p.m. on second and
fourth Mondays in month.
Wellington.
Railway Carmen of America, Brotherhood of,
Local No. 50—President, Thomas M. Biggs,
Wellington P.O.; Secretary, T. Richards, Wellington. Meets at Wellington on third Thursday in month at 8 p.m.
Willow River.
Maintenance-of-way Employees, Railway & Shop
Labourers, No. 202—President, A. Petersen,
Newlands;  Secretary, W. Sims, McBride. G 76 Department of Labour. 1924
CHAPTER 22.
An Act limiting the Hotjbs of Wobk in Industbial Undeetakings.
[Assented to 21st December, 1923.]
H1
S  MAJESTY,  by  and with the advice and consent of the Legislative
Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, enacts as follows:—
Short title. 1. This Act may be cited as the " Hours of Work Act, 1923."
Interpretation. 2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires:—
" Employed" means in receipt of a wage or salary as compensation for
work performed for an employer:
"Employer"  means  a person  directly  or indirectly  responsible for  the
payment of the wage or salary of a person employed in any industrial
undertaking:
" Industrial undertaking " includes :— ,
(«.)  Mines,   quarries,   and  other  works   for   the  extraction   of
minerals from the earth:
(b.)  Industries   in   which   articles   are   manufactured,   altered,
cleaned, repaired,  ornamented,  finished,  adapted for sale, broken
up or demolished, or in which materials are transformed;  including
ship-building and the generation, transformation, and transmission
of electricity or motive power of any kind and logging operations:
(e.)  Construction, reconstruction, maintenance, repair, alteration,
or demolition of any  building,  railway, tramway, harbour, dock,
pier, canal, inland waterway, road, tunnel, bridge, viaduct, sewer,
drain, well, telegraphic or telephonic installation, electrical undertaking, gas work, waterwork, or other work of construction, as well
as the preparation for or laying the foundations of any such work
or structure;
but the term " industrial undertaking " shall not include any branch
of the agricultural, horticultural, or dairying industry:
" Regulations " means regulations made by the Board of Adjustment under
this Act.
Limitation of hours 3. The working-hours of persons employed in any public or private industrial
of work. undertaking or in any branch thereof, other than an undertaking in which
only members of the same family are employed, shall not exceed eight in the
day and forty-eight in the week, with the exceptions provided for by or under
this Act.
Application to 4. The provisions of section 3 shall not apply to persons holding positions
cer am peisons. Qf SUpervjsjon or management, nor to persons employed in a confidential
capacity.
Provision for 5. Where by custom or agreement between employers' and workers' organl-
mCcertain cales!"" zations, or, where no such organizations exist, between employers' and workers'
representatives, the hours of work on one or more days of the week are less
than eight, the limit of eight hours may be exceeded on the remaining days
of the week bv agreement between such organizations or representatives; but
in no case under the provisions of this section shall the daily limit of eight
hours be exceeded by more than one hour, nor shall the weekly limit of forty-
eight hours be exceeded.
Exception in the 6. Tbe limit of hours of work prescribed in section 3 may be exceeded in
ease of accidents. cagg Qf accl(jenti actuai or threatened, or in case of urgent work to be done to
machinery or plant, or in case of force majeure, or so far as may be necessary
to avoid serious interference with the ordinary working of the undertaking. 14 Geo. 5 Report op the Deputy Minister. G 77
7. The limit of hours of work prescribed-in section 3 may also be exceeded Exception as to
continuous
processes.
in those processes which are required by reason of the nature of the process cc      !
to be carried on continuously by a succession of shifts, subject to the condition
that the working-hours shall not exceed fifty-six in the week on the average.
8. (1.)  For the purpose of the administration of this Act, there shall be Board of
a Board known as the " Board of Adjustment," which shall consist of three Adiustment-
members, one of whom shall be the Deputy Minister of Labour, who shall be
the Chairman of the Board, and the other members shall be appointed by and
hold office during the pleasure of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council.    Two
members of the Board shall constitute a quorum.
(2.) For the purpose of obtaining information, the Board shall have all Power to hold
the powers and authorities conferred by the " Public Inquiries Act" upon m<3ulr *s-
Commissioners appointed under that Act, and the provisions of that Act shall
extend and apply, mutatis mutandis, to every inquiry held by the Board under
this Act. All witnesses subpoenaed by the Board shall be paid the same
witness fees and mileage as are now allowed by law to witnesses before the
Supreme Court.
9. (1.) For the purpose of carrying into effect the provisions of this Act Regulations,
according to their true intent, the Board of Adjustment, subject to the approval
of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, may make such regulations as are considered necessary or advisable.
(2.)  The regulations shall determine :— Exceptions.
(a.)  The permanent exceptions that may be allowed in preparatory or
complementary work which must necessarily he carried on outside
the limits laid down for the general working of an industrial undertaking, or for certain classes of workers whose work is essentially
seasonal or intermittent;   and all permanent exceptions made by the
Board shall forthwith be published in the Gazette,  and thereupon
shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated in this Act:
(6.)  The temporary exceptions that may be allowed so that industrial
undertakings may deal with exceptional cases of pressure of work;
but regulations under this subsection shall be made only after inquiry, and
the Board shall fix the maximum of additional hours in each instance.
(3.) In exceptional cases where it is recognized that the- provisions of Confirmation of
section 3 cannot be applied, but only in such cases, agreements between workers' agreements,
and employers' organizations, or between workers' and employers' representatives, concerning the daily limit of work over a longer period of time may
be given the force of regulations if confirmed by the Board of Adjustment.
The average number of hours' work per week over the number of weeks
covered by any such agreement shall not exceed forty-eight.
(4.)  The regulations shall:— Regulations as to
(a.) Require every employer to notify, by means of the posting of notices notices and records,
in conspicuous places in the works or other suitable place, or by
such other method as may be approved by the regulations, the hours
at wrhich work begins and ends, and where work is carried on by
shifts, the hours at which each shift begins and ends. These hours
shall be so fixed that the duration of the work shall not exceed the
limits prescribed by this Act, and when so notified they shall not be
changed except with such notice and in such manner as may be
approved by the regulations :
(6.) Require every employer to notify in the same way such rest intervals
accorded during the period of work as are not reckoned as part of
the working-hours:
(c.) Require every employer to keep a record in the form prescribed by
the regulations of all additional hours worked in pursuance of section
6 or in pursuance of any regulations made under subsection (2) of
this section. G 78
Department of Labour.
1924
Offences.
(5.) Every employer who employs any person outside the hours fixed in
accordance with clause (a) of subsection (4), or during the intervals fixed
in accordance w7ith clause (&) of that subsection, shall be guilty of an offence
against this Act.
Exemption of
industries from Act.
10. The Board of Adjustment, after inquiry held pursuant to section 8,
and subject to the approval of the Lieutenant-Governor in Council, may from
time to time exempt any industrial undertaking or class of industrial undertakings in whole or in part from the operation of this Act, or for such seasons
or portions of the year as it may consider necessary or expedient having regard
to the nature and conditions of the industrial undertaking, the conditions of
employment, and the welfare of the employees.
Violation of Act 11. Every person who violates any provision of this Act or of the regula-
an offence!°nS tions shall be guilty  of an offence against this Act,  whether  otherwise so
declared or not.
Penalties.
12. Every person guilty of an offence against this Act shall be liable, on
summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding one thousand dollars.
Acts not affected. 13. The provisions of this Act shall not in any way limit or affect the
provisions of the " Coal-mines Regulation Act," or the " Metalliferous Mines
Inspection Act," or the " Labour Regulation Act."
Expense of
administration for
year  ending  March
31st, 1925.
14. Ill the absence of any special vote of the Legislative Assembly for the
purpose of this Act, all expenses incurred in the administration of this Act for
the fiscal year ending the thirty-first day of March, 1925, shall be fixed by the
Lieutenant-Governor in Council, and shall be payable out of the Consolidated
Revenue Fund.
Commencement.
15. This Act shall come into operation on the first day of January, 1925.
VICTORIA, B.C. :
Printed by Charles F.  Baxfield, Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty.
1924.

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