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TWENTY-FIRST ANNUAL REPORT OF THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. 1891-1892. BY THE… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1893

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 TWENTY-FIEST ANNUAL EEPOET
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OF   THE   PROVINCE   OF
BRITISH   COLUMBIA,
1891-92.
BY THE SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
WITH APPENDICES.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfknden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majest}. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 139
PUBLIC SCHOOLS REPORT.
1891-92.
To His Honour Edgar Dewdney,
Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
I beg herewith respectfully to present the Twenty-first Annual Report on the Public
Schools of the Province.
JAMES BAKER,
Minister of Education.
January, 1893. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 141
PART I.
GENERAL REPORT. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 143
ANNUAL REPORT
OF  THE
SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUCATION.
1891-92.
Education Office,
Victoria, December, 1892.
To Colonel
The Honourable James Baker,
Minister of Education.
Sir,—In accordance with the requirement of the " Public School Act, 1891," I beg to
submit for the information of His Honour the Lieutenant-Governor the Twenty-first Annual
Report on the condition and progress of the Public Schools of the Province for the school-year
ended June 30th, 1892.
The total number of pupils enrolled during the year was 10,773, an increase of 1,513 over
that for the previous year, and the average actual daily attendance was 6,227.10, an increase
of 1,092.19 for the same period.
The percentage of average attendance in cities was 61.02, in rural districts, 53.44, and
for the entire Province, 57.80 ; this last is the highest attained during the past fourteen years,
and is an excellent record.
The whole number of teachers and monitors employed was 228, an increase of 43 over
that of the previous year.
There were 149 schools in operation, as follows :—
High Schools,   4. Ward Schools, 7.
Graded    „       14. Rural      „    124.
The expenditure for education proper was as follows : —
Teachers' Salaries $148,377 22
Incidental Expenses of Rural Schools         5,205 76
Education Office        7,044 82
Total .$160,627 80
Of the amount voted in the Estimates for education proper during the year, $20,372.20
were unexpended.
The cost of each pupil based on enrolment was $14.91, and on average daily attendance
was $25.79. 144 Public Schools Report. 1892
The expenditure by the Lands and Works Department for the construction of school-
houses, furniture, repairs, and improvements was as follows : —
School-houses    $43,497  20
Furniture, repairs, &c, for Rural Districts        3,695 38
Total    $47,192 58
The total expenditure by the Provincial Government for all purposes of education during
the year was as follows :—
Education Proper $160,627 80
Less refunds from City Districts      34,441  85
 $126,185 95
Lands and Works Department       47,192 58
Total    $173,378 53
The amount paid for salaries of teachers in City Districts was $68,890.33, less $6.63
arrears, making the exact sum for the year $68,883.70. One-half of this amount ($34,441.85)
has been paid into the Provincial Treasury by the City Municipalities, being the refunds
required under the provisions of the " Public School Act, 1891.''
During the past year school-houses were erected, or additions made to school buildings, in
the following districts :—
Abbotsford, Nanoose,
Brownsville, New Westminster,
Chemainus Landing, North Comox,
Coldstream, Northfield,
Dunach, North Oyster,
Duncan, Parksville,
East Langley, Salmon Arm,
Gordon Head, Similkameen,
Hornby, Simpson,
Junction, Somenos,
Kettle River, Sooke,
Lansdowne, South Aldergrove,
Mission, Southfleld,
Moodyville, Surrey Centre.
At the present time schools are in operation in the following newly created districts :—
Atchelitz, Kettle River,
Fairfield, North Nanaimo,
Galiano, Silverdale,
Gulfside, Similkameen,
Harewood, South Sumas,
Steveston.
In addition to the above, schools are being maintained at Duck's, Genoa, Kaslo, Sahtlam,
and Spence's Bridge. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
145
Our public school system has now been in operation over twenty years, and it must be a
source of gratification to all interested to note the high esteem in which it is held. It has
certainly fully met the object had in view in its establishment, viz., the providing, in
conformity with the provisions of Statute, of a free education for the children of the Province.
The Government has met every regular application for school facilities in a most liberal
spirit; the large amount expended annually for the erection of school buildings attests this
fact.
A perusal of the statistics given in this Report shows that the attendance at the public
schools has kept pace with the increase of population, and that during the past year over ten
thousand jjupils received instruction in these schools, thus proving that the system reaches the
great mass of the children.
A careful examination of the information contained in Table B of this Report will show
that the different studies prescribed are pursued in a uniform manner. We feel fully warranted
in reporting most favourably upon the methods of instruction used and upon the practical
work done.
At the present time the schools are in good working order.
As figures speak more plainly than words, the following statement of the past two
decades is given :—
Public Schools.
Number of schools in operation	
,, pupils enrolled  	
,, boys        ,, 	
girls        „ 	
Average daily attendance	
Number of teachers employed  	
,, male teachers employed	
,, female ,, 	
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools .
boys
girls „ „
,, teachers employed in   ,,
Total expenditure for education proper . . .
Cost of each pupil on average attendance..
1872*
14
412
250
162
202.33
16
11
5
11,575 12
57 20
1882
1892
48
149
2,653
10,773
1,491
5,437
1,162
5,336
1,358.68
6,227.10
62
228
35
101
27
127
74
312
39
125
35
187
2
9
S49,268 63
$160,627 80
36 26
25 79
* As nearly correct as can be given for 1872.
The following table shows the cost of each pupil on enrolment and average daily attendance during the past twelve years :—
1880-81.
1881-82.
1882-83.
1883-84.
1884-85.
1885-86.
1886-87.
1887-88
1888-89.
1889-90.
1890-91
1891-92.
Cost of each
Cost of each pupil
pupil on
on average daily
enrolment.
attendance.
| 18 26*
9 34 35*
18 57
36 26
18 88
36 76
19 48
36 85
17 66
34 04
17 78
32 04
16 56
30 80
15 67
32 29
15 92
29 39
15 29
28 37
14 78
26 66
14 91
25 79
*Based on cost of education proper. 146
Public Schools Report.
1892
Schedule of Salaries of Teachers on Permanent Staff During the Year 1891-92.
4 Teachers at $110      per month.
10     100
4        „       90
3 „       85
6 ,i       80
7 „      75
18 „       70
7        n        65
41        „       60
16        „      55
91        „       50
207 Average monthly salary $61.18
Teachers on Permanent Staff for the Year 1891-92.
Grade.
Males.
Females.
1
8
18
35
18
22
3
1
Total.
Highest
Monthly
Salary.
Lowest
Monthly
Salary.
„      B	
19
29
11
29
4
7
20
37
29
64
22
29
3
*3
$110
100
80
75
70
60
85
55
§50
50
50
,,      B	
50
50
B	
50
60
2
50
101
106
207
In addition to the above number of teachers, there were empfoyed nineteen monitors at the rate of $40
per month, and two monitors at the rate of $30 per month.
* Other holders of temporary certificates taught but a few months, or filled positions as monitors. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
147
Teachers on Permanent Staff for the Year 1892-93.
Grade.
Males.
Females.
Total.
Highest
Monthly
Salary.
Lowest
Monthly
Salary.
First Class, Grade A	
18
30
1
8
19
38
$125
100
$50
„      B	
50
11
15
26
80
50
„      B	
19
26
45
75
50
Third Class     „      A	
14
30
44
70
50
18
26
44
70
50
3
1
110
3
2
80
60
50
1
50
'"
221
In addition to the above number of teachers, there are  19  monitors employed at the rate  of $40 per
month.
The gradual growth of the schools, as well as the cost of maintaining the same, is fully
shown by the record of attendance and expenditure given in the following exhibit:—
Comparative Statement of Attendance and Cost of Public Schools
from 1872-73 to 1891-92.
Year.
Number of
School
Districts.
Aggregate
Enrolment.
Average
Daily
Attendance.
Percentage
of
Attendance.
Expenditure
for Education
Proper.
1872-73	
25
37
41
41
42
45
45
47
48
50
59
67
76
86
95
104
109
123
141
154
1,028
1,245
1,403
1,685
1,998
2,198
2,301
2,462
2,571
2,653
2,693
3,420
4,027
4,471
5,345
6,372
6,796
8,042
9,260
10,773
575
767
803
984
1,260
1,395.50
1,315.90
1,293.93
1,366.86
1,358.68
1,383.00
1,808.60
2.089.74
2,481.48
2,873.38
3,093.46
3,681.14
4,333.90
5,134.91
6,227.10
55.93
61.60
61.51
58.39
63.06
63.49
57.19
52.56
53.16
51.21
51.36
52.88
51.89
55.50
53.75
48.54
54.16
53.89
55.45
57.80
$ 36,763 77
35,287 59
34,822 28
44,506 11
47,129 63
43,334 01
*22,110 70
47 006 10
1873-74	
1874-75	
1875-76	
1870-77	
1877-78	
1878-79	
1879-80	
1880-81...                       	
46,960 69
49,268 63
50,850 63
66 655 15
1881-82	
1882-83	
1883-84	
1884-85	
71,151 52
79,527 56
8S,521 08
99,902 04
108,190 59
122,984 83
136,901 73
160,627 80
1885-86	
1886-87	
1887-88	
1888-89	
1889-90               	
1890-91	
1891-92	
*Half-year. 148 Public Schools Report. 1892
Statistical Abstract of Attendance for 1891-92.
Number of pupils enrolled during the year  10,773
Increase for the year  1,513
Number of boys enrolled  5,437
Increase for the year  712
Number of girls enrolled  5,336
Increase for the year  801
Average actual daily attendance  6,227.10
Increase for the year ,  1,092.19
Number of pupils enrolled in High Schools  312
Increase for the year ,  56
Average actual daily attendance in High Schools  204.53
Average actual daily attendance in Graded Schools  3,812.77
Average actual daily attendance in Rural Schools  2,209 .80
Number of School Districts at close of year  154
Increase for the year     13
PUBLIC  SCHOOL  TEACHERS'   EXAMINATION,  1892.
The annual examination of candidates for certificates of qualification to teach in the
Public Schools of the Province commenced on July 5th, 1892, in the Lyceum Building,
Victoria, and in the Public School Building, Kamloops.
The Examiners appointed to act with the Superintendent of Education were John
Anderson, Esq., B.A., the Ven. Archdeacon Scriven, M.A. (Oxon.), and the Rev. P. McF.
McLeod.
The list of successful candidates appeared in the British Columbia Gazette of July 29th,
1892, as follows :—
Certifcates.
First Class—Grade A—Certificates.
Burns, William, B.A., University of Queen's College, Kingston, 1892.
Laing, Frederic William, B.A., University of Toronto, 1892.
Roe, Edward Price, B.A., Trinity College, Dublin, 1892.
Schuyler, Hiram Hartley, B.A., Victoria College, Ontario, 1892.
Gordon, Robert G., Renewal, 1892.
First Class—Grade B—Certifcates.
(Maximum Marks, 3,750.) Marks
obtained.
Tom, Gregory H    2378 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 149
First Class—Grade B—Renewals.
Halliday, James A  1880
Offerhaus, R  1880
Murray, Paul  1882
Cameron, Agnes D  1883
Horton, Lucretia  1883
Sluggett, George H  1884
Phelps, William H  1884
Jones, David  1884
Wood, William M  1884
Gardiner, Abbie F  1885
Gilchrist, Alexander    1885
McLeod, John A  1885
Kinney, William T   ' 1885
Coatham, William C  1886
Armstrong, Frances E  1886
Plaxton, Robert J  1886
Offerhaus, Mrs. Mary A  1886
Irwin, Joseph  1887
Pope, Jennie M. H  1887
Rogers, Ellen  1887
Nicholson, Thomas  1887
Watson, Frederick J      1887
McRae, George W  1887
Campbell, Eli J  1887
Second Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 2,550.) Marks
obtained.
King, John W. H '  1433
McLennan, Archibald D  1375
McQueen, Jessie  1364
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
McLeod, James R  1361
Buchanan, John Donald  1305
Gillis, John D     1287
Sanderson, Mina    1277
Smith, Frances A  1221
Kirkendall, Jessie    1208
Johnston, Robert C  1202
McNutt, Agnes H  1200
Gordon, Marion  1195
Smeeton, William Francis  1173
Calhoun, Lucy Mabel  1156
Speirs, Mary E  1154
Mebius, Jeannette  1149
Ramsay, Jennie  1142
Morrison, Florence  1138
Baxter, Truman Smith    1137
Hoidge, Henry John  1136
Bennett, Ellen C .  1136
Arrowsmith, Frances Emma  1134
Campbell, Samuel Burns , , 1120 150 Public Schools Report. 1892
Third Class—Grade A—Certificates—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Parkinson, Emily  1116
Kirkendall, George  1108
Stewart, Allan C  1106
Speers, Lizzie M  1098
Waller, Annie Gordon  1098
Dowler, Caroline A  1076
Ralph, Ellen  1061
Spragge, Amy  1058
Ross, Duncan  1057
Kermode, Sarah  1054
Caldwell, Jane , 1052
Mclntyre, Mary C  1052
Dunkerley, Ethel  1051
Frank, Pauline  1051
Kane, Stella  1050
Homer, Mary S  1043
Buck, Ephraim J  1043
Wintemute, Hannah  1038
McKinnon, Kate Margaret  1031
Fawcett, Grace Helen  1028
Telford, Robert    1027
Mebius, Lucy Aylmer  1024
Russell, Alexandrina  1019
Buttimer, Annie L  1016
McKay, Minna G  1010
Johnston, Samuel G  1009
McGillivray, Donald E  1002
Withrow, Gertrude H ,  997
Matthew, Alfred Henry P  996
Millard, Blanche L    985
Walker, Frances Gordon  984
McGregor, Margaret    980
Colbeck, Mrs. Anne Jane  978
Murton, Sarah Jane  978
Blake, Alice Edith  975
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Ferguson, George Argyll  1322
Lang, Sarah Isabella  1073
Thomson, William George  1060
Christie, Caroline C  1027
Fraser, Anna Elizabeth  1008
Brown, Wxilliam Clarence  999
Caspell, Edmund   997
Ackerman, Myrtle B  992
Blair, Wesley A  990
Goodridge, Florence M  985
Harding, Elizabeth  963
King, Edith Amy    963
McLennan, Joseph McK  962
Stitt, Una Muriel  961
Stephenson, John J  956 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. ■     151
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates—Continued.
Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Stewart, Anna Leighton  953
Pearsall, Alfred J    952
Christie, Isabel R  950
Sutherland, James  945
McLennan, Annie  943
Powell, Lottie May  942
Frank, Evelyn May  939
McLennan, David  938
Warren, Clara Cecelia  938
Hay, Alice  937
McMartin, Jane Sophia  936
Clyde, Thomas  936
Uren, Fanny  935
Knapp, Thomas Edward  931
Henderson, Magnus  929
Templer, Ada May  927
Smith, Elsie May  925
Millard, Gertrude R    924
Lettice, Edith M. N    922
Pool,  Christina  921
Walker, Margaret M. R  920
Lorimer, Christina Taylor  919
Haarer, Mary P  912
Black, Jessie Ann    911
McDowell, Margaret  911
Johnstone, Marion B  910
McLeod, Norman  910
Martin, George Henry  906
Gordon, Alexander John  905
Elsden, Jessie M   903
Colquhoun, Josephine  900
Thomas, Catherine J  898
Hartt, Flora Edith    896
Godson, Grace A  890
DeBou, Edith S  889
Tanner, Rebecca  888
Norris, Martha Jane  886
Blake, Mary Jane   884
Black, Jean W  881
Laidman, Alberta    880
Heisterman, Sylvia L     879
Noble, Clara A  878
Godson, Mabel  877
Galbraith,  Angus  874
Marshall, Sarah  873
Fraser, Henry A  869
Lucas, Mary  865
Sayer, Elizabeth A  865
Halliday, Mary Felicia  863
Gibson, Mrs. Calista    858
Sivewright, William      857
Ramsay, Sarah  855
Carmichael, Annie Elizabeth    854
Wilson, Nellie G :  854
Lettice, Florence M ,  852 152    ' Public Schools Report. 1892
Third Class—Grade B—Certificates—Concluded.
(Maximum Marks, 1,950.) Marks
obtained.
Armstrong, Robert J  S50
Russell, Alma M  841
Lister, Ellen  832
Ravey, Martin James  826
Cathcart, Isabella     819
Sinclair, James William     818
Hilbert, Kate...  813
Cade, John P  809
Smith, Mary K     807
Rhodes, Amy Alice  798
Wright, John  786
McDonald, Mrs. Annie C  782
Renewal Certificates for Lenc4th of Service.
Caldwell, Mrs. L. M., McDougall, Archena J., Bailey, Adelaide S.
S. D. Pope, LL.D,
John Anderson, B.A.,
Austin Scriven, M.A., (Oxon.)
P. McF. McLeod,
Board of Examiners.
In accordance with the recommendation of the Examiners, Certificates have been granted.
A. CAMPBELL REDDIE,
Deputy Provincial Secretary.
Provincial Secretary's Office, Victoria, 26th July, 1892.
The examination commenced simultaneously in Victoria and Kamloops on July 5th, but
owing to the prevalence of an epidemic, the examination in Victoria was summarily closed on
the 9th of that month ; hence the great majority of the candidates who wrote in this city were
debarred from obtaining higher than Third Class Certificates.
The number of candidates was 200, of whom 189 wrote in Victoria and 11  in Kamloops.
Four candidates—graduates of British Universities—obtained First Class, Grade A,
Certificates ; one candidate obtained First Class, Grade B ; three, Second Class, Grade B ;
fifty-five,  Third Class, Grade A; and eighty-two, Third Class, Grade B.
In addition to the above, twenty-five renewal certificates, and three certificates for length
of service were granted in accordance with the provisions of the School Act.
Of the number who wrote at the examination, fifty-five either withdrew or failed to obtain
a certificate of any kind.
While it has been the aim of the examiners to make the examination sufficiently thorough
and searching, they have endeavoured to avoid asking harassing and quizzical questions. The
object aimed at has been to ascertain the general scholarship and professional knowledge of
the candidate, as far as possible, by written examination. It must be borne in mind, however,
that no such examination, though it be comprehensive in scope and just in character, can
determine the applicant's ability to teach. His teaching power, aptness, and skill must be
judged after he obtains his license to become an instructor and enters upon active duty as a
teacher.
The granting of a certificate of qualification to teach in the public schools is certainly an
act of grave responsibility on the part of those entrusted with this authority. Neither profound learning, polished manners, nor brilliant social qualities constitute the most essential
portion of the teacher's equipment.
Section 56 of the Public School Act reads as follows :—
" No certificate shall be given to any person as a teacher who does not furnish satisfactory
proof of good moral character, and satisfy the Board of Examiners that he or she is a fit and
proper person to be granted a certificate," 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
153
It is evident from the foregoing that the Legislature considers the moral fitness of the
candidate to be of paramount importance.
The examiners must be satisfied that the applicant is a fit and proper person for the
position of teacher before they can deem him eligible to be admitted to the examination, or to
be granted a certificate. Every person sending in notification of his intention to be a candidate at the Teachers' Examination must forward credentials of character satisfactory to the
Board of Examiners. These testimonials should be of late date and should bear the signatures
of those in responsible positions, such as clergymen, magistrates, or trustees.
Only those who are properly prepared in each subject, and have a reasonable prospect of
success, should attempt this examination. To do so without careful preparation is to court
disappointment on the one hand, and on the other hand to needlessly waste the time of the
examiners.
We cannot too earnestly impress upon our teachers the wisdom of obtaining as high a
certificate as possible, and in addition would exhort them, after obtaining the same, to be
diligent students in other fields of knowledge than those required for their certificates. In
this way they will secure a wide range of scholarship, from which they can draw for purposes
of explanation and illustration.
The following table shows the number of applicants and certificates obtained during each
of the past twelve years, and cannot but prove of interest:—
Number
of
Appficants.
Certificates Obtained.
Failed to
obtain
Certificates.
Year.
First Class.
Second Class.
Third Class.
1881	
45
36
37
64
67
76
93
100
117
143
154
200
7
6
5
15
15
13
15
10
9
8
14
5
14
9
3
21
12
6
27
41
30
36
54
3
20
19
15
16
27
34
30
36
37
61
64
137
4
1882	
2
1883    	
14
1884	
12
1885	
13
1886	
1887	
23
21
1888	
13
1889	
41
1890	
38
1891  	
1892	
22
55
Under the Rules and Regulations, no male candidate less than eighteen years of age, and
no female candidate less than sixteen years of age, can be permitted to be applicants for
certificates of any kind. 154 Public Schools Report. 1892
REGULATIONS   RESPECTING   FIRST   CLASS   CERTIFICATES,   OBTAINED
PRIOR TO JULY,  1888.
Copies of the following Circulars were forwarded to all holders of First Class Certificates
obtained prior to July, 1888, who held Renewal Certificates in September, 1891 :—
Education Office,
Victoria, September 8th, 1891.
In reference to the following regulation :—
"The holders of First Class Certificates obtained prior to July 1st, 1888, desiring to write
for certificates valid for life, shall be permitted, until July 31st, 1893, to be examined only on
the additional standard now required for First Class Certificates."
The Council of Public Instruction directs that candidates for First Class, Grade A, Certificates under this regulation must take the papers set on—
Canadian History,
Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene,
Greek or French,
and must take one of the papers in each of the following groups : —
(a.) Music, Drawing, or Botany,
(b.)  Zoology, Astronomy, or Rhetoric,
(c.) General History, Chemistry, or Geology.
In the subject of Natural Philosophy the candidate shall have the option of  taking  the
paper as  a whole, or only those questions of the paper which are embraced in the additional
standard now required for First Class, Grade A, Certificates.
The candidate shall be required to obtain 40 % in each of the, subjects of examination.
S. D. POPE,
Secretary, Council of Public Instruction.
Education Office,
Victoria, September 8th, 1891.
In reference to the following regulation:—
"The holders of First Class Certificates obtained prior to July 1st, 1888, desiring to write
for certificates valid for life, shall be permitted, until July 31st, 1893, to be examined only on
the additional standard now required for First Class Certificates "
The Council of Public Instruction directs that candidates for First Class, Grade B, Certificates under this regulation must take the papers set on—
Canadian History,
Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene,
English Literature,
and must take one of the papers in each of the following groups :—
(a.) Music, Drawing, or Botany,
(b.) Zoology, Astronomy, or Rhetoric,
(c.) General History, Chemistry, or Geology.
In each of the following subjects the candidate shall have the option of taking the paper
as a whole, or only those questions of each paper which are embraced in the additional standard now required for First Class, Grade B, Certificates :—
Mensuration, Geometry,
Algebra, Natural Philosophy.
The candidate shall be required to obtain 40 % in each of the subjects of examination.
S. D. POPE,
Secretary, Council of Public Instruction.
I 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 155
INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
"Victoria, November, 1892.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit for your information the following general report for
the school-year ended June 30th, 1892 :—
" The progress made during the year has fully kept pace with, if not exceeded, that during
any former year with respect to the efficiency and practical character of work as well as to the
zeal and faithfulness of the teachers. The discipline has been generally mild and effective.
Indeed, this might be inferred from the first sentence of this paragraph, for, without good
order and proper discipline, progress in study cannot be made. It is almost unnecessary to
explain that the word 'discipline' is here used in the pedagogic sense, viz.:—'The application
of the motives which prompt the pupil to diligent study and good conduct.'
" After a careful review of the work of the past year, I venture to offer, under various
heads, such observations and suggestions as are considered valuable and necessary.
" Reading.
" It is the aim to make reading not so much an elocutionary exercise as a means of
enabling the child to master and intelligently interpret the thoughts of the writer, as well as
to develop power for comprehending new matter. I have sought both by my manner of examination and by advice to show the importance of eliciting the full meaning of the reading
lessons by appropriate questions and observations. In this connection it may be remarked
that there is need of greater attention being given to the meaning and application of words.
Training in this matter assists in cultivating clearness and readiness in the use of language. As
the pupil advances, let him be taught the use of the dictionary, and thus assist in laying the
foundation for the student in the true sense of the word. I am glad to say that a good proportion of our teachers understands the bearing of the kind of instructiond escribed under this
head on the pupil's progress in after years.
" The ability to read well varies with the capacity (mental and vocal) of the child; but
when the teacher is a poor reader, as is sometimes the case, the standard of the school in this
subject is lowered. I have found pupils rendering in a very indistinct and lifeless manner
reading lessons which under another teacher of the previous year they read with fluency and
expression.
" So far as my observation goes, the suggestion in the Course of Instruction with respect
to the use and value of declamation has not been very largely adopted. Recitation as a voice
exercise is of much assistance to the pupil in acquiring a knowledge of the art of reading; he
slowly but surely learns to feel that the depth of meaning does not depend so much on the
words themselves as on the way they are spoken. The principal use of declamation seems to
be made in the preparation for the semi-annual public examination. These exercises over, it
is quietly laid aside and forgotton, until again required for a similar purpose six months later.
Were, however, a portion of each class required to recite at stated intervals, and were the
selections read by other members of the class after the recitation had taken place, an extra
lesson in reading would thus be given, and, if well conducted, a most interesting and profitable
one.
" Arithmetic.
" While some arithmetical exercises, written and mental, must of necessity be disciplinary
in their character, yet examples that are met with in every-day life should predominate. In
fact, young people are more easily interested in practical than in abstract problems, and by
acting on this idea skilful instructors have made their teaching of this branch most effective.
The value of the practical side of arithmetic is very generally recognized in our schools, and
very commendable work done; but there are one or two points in connection with the teaching
of this subject to which I shall draw attention. 156 Public Schools Report. 1892
" Without referring to the methods employed in teaching the simple rules, there was
noticeable in the large majority of cases a fair degree of rapidity and accuracy in working these
rules and their applications, but there were also found in a few instances an undue slowness
and uncertainty in dealing with the same rules. It must be apparent that unless pupils who
have been taught the simple rules of arithmetic, can write and arrange dictated numbers
correctly, as well as find their sum and read the result, their knowledge of addition has not
stood the test. Teachers must see that the constant writing and arranging of series of numbers
on the blackboard for the class to add, is doing more than half the pupil's own work. It is
not owing to the short time devoted to this branch that the slowness and uncertainty noticed
in a few instances arise, but rather from the want of drill in the combinations of numbers and
from the dry and meaningless array of figures frequently given. In primary classes, the daily
mental exercises should consist of examples in which young children would take an interest.
The slate examples based on these, will, of course, be more difficult of solution. Variety in the
nature and statement of the questions is an important feature. Finally, to speak in general
of the work in this subject, it would appear as if in the effort to do much, the necessity for
thoroughness had not been sufficiently heeded.
"Writing.
" Results show that greater attention has been paid to this subject than heretofore. It
is now pretty well understood that penmanship requires to be taught. The method of instruction
naturally ranges itself under three heads: 1st, Knowledge; 2nd, Execution; 3rd, Criticism.
While some attention has been given to the first two divisions, it was noticeable that little
effort had been made to elicit from pupils by questions anything that could be discovered by
observation of the copy and from instructions given at the head of the page. The formation
of the habit of criticism—that is, the training and the constant exercise of the faculty of
judging form—is of the highest consequence; in fact, it is one of the great secrets of success.
Many pupils at first are unable to distinguish between a straight line and a curve; to them,
a turn is a turn, whether it is like an acute angle or round as a hoop; all varieties of slant are
equally satisfactory. Some additional causes of weakness are lack of success in securing proper
pen-holding; carelessness induced by want of proper supervision; neglect of the teacher to
show appreciation of well-finished work, or to endeavour to inspire a love for it; impossibility,
in many cases, of giving class instruction, owing to the use of different numbers of the writing
books, each pupil being allowed to plod along as an independent unit. Sometimes when the
same number is used, scarcely two can be found writing the same copy. In the effort to do
too much, too little real advancement is made. The stimulating force of numbers is lost;
systematic instruction with the free use of the blackboard cannot always be profitably carried
on as class instruction. Careful, constant supervision, joined with healthy emulation and suitable instruction, will make a few lines of more value than as many pages written under improper
conditions.
" English Grammar,
" ' The secret of English Grammar—and it is an open secret—lies in the knowledge of
what word or words goes with what word, and what group of words goes with what particular
word * * * . If pupils are slowly drilled into the perception that all language
rests upon four simple ideas—those of the noun and the adjective, the verb and the adverb, and
that these ideas repeat themselves in the forms of words, phrases, and sentences,—they will
never be at a loss in examining their own language or in translating it into another.'
" This quotation, from the preface to Meiklejohn's Short Grammar, explains in brief the
whole question of method, and should be constantly before the instructor's mind when teaching
this branch.
" In the study of grammar, especially in the more advanced stages, much excellent work
has been done. The oral stage of the subject has also received due attention. There is to some
degree, however, a tendency to hurry over the simple steps in order to reach the more difficult
and complex. Clear conceptions of subject and predicate are in consequence not always formed.
Analysis is sometimes reduced to conjecture. This deprives the study of all its intellectual
and of nearly all its practical value. It is not to be supposed, as one may judge from previous
remarks, that these strictures refer to all the schools; on the contrary, the classes in the great
majority bear the stamp of careful teaching. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 157
" Composition.
" In my last report it was stated that the subject of composition and letter-writing did
not receive attention in accordance with its value. During the past year a considerable change
in this respect was perceptible in some schools, and more or less improvement in the majority _
" It is apparent that the power to use one's mother tongue correctly and readily—a school
acquisition of the highest importance—can only be acquired by constant exercise both in
speaking and writing. Consequently, it has been my practice to make special inquiry as to
the frequency of giving such instruction as well as to the method employed.
" Some of the most noticeable defects, even in the work of advanced pupils, are inaccurate
use of common words, carelessness in the framing of sentences, and lack of proper arrangement
of material preparatory to its subsequent division into topics suitable for paragraphs. The
need of arrangement into proper order becomes evident at once; but in few instances was it
observed that the work of each pupil proved that any plan or outline had been developed for
his guidance in treating the subject assigned.
" Just what the proper course in language is, has scarcely been determined. There is a
period when the facts are everything; the child does not think of style nor of grammatical
forms. This is the period when the spelling, the capitals, some use of the comma and the
period, are to be taught. Then succeeds the period when his attention is taken up by the
words he uses and the structure of sentences. Something more is learned about punctuation,
but not much. Then follows a period when the form of expression plays a more prominent
part; his mind is more developed, and he may use figures. To some students at this period,
the balancing of terms, the happy expressions, the apt quotations, impart an exquisite pleasure,
but a large number still shuffles along with little skill in composition. Then succeeds another
period, in which there is ease in writing (if the pupil has written a good deal); the words are
quite carefully selected, the phrases balanced, and the general expression clear. The great
rule the teacher must follow is to keep the pupil composing, the second is, at the proper time,
to call his attention to the great models.
"The hints on teaching composition and letter-writing, which form the appendix to
Meiklejohn's Short Grammar, are worthy of careful study by every teacher, and, if intelligently
followed, should materially assist in improving the general character of instruction in this
branch.
" Geography.
" In geography the instruction is generally worthy of some commendation. It is, nevertheless, necessary to direct the attention of many teachers to the suggestions and criticisms
given in former reports on the method of teaching this subject.
" The teaching of geography is very materially assisted by the practice of map drawing—
a practice which now obtains very generally in our schools, and is attended with excellent
results. Manual neatness is always insisted upon, although the object is not to secure a pretty
picture, but to make the hand assist the memory in impressing upon it the general outlines of
a country and the situation of important places.
" Great as has been the advance on the methods of the past, there is one element in the
teaching of this topic that could be made very valuable, viz., the historical.
" It may be argued that it is not the aim of geography to teach history. This is quite
true; but geography and history are so closely connected that you cannot teach one successfully
without the other. The teacher who rigorously excludes historical illustrations from geography
for fear of intruding upon the province of history, is in danger of sacrificing the interest and
well-being of the school to an improper notion. Comparatively few pupils ever study general
history, and the majority thus remain ignorant of the life of man in the other countries of the
world because of their limited educational opportunities. There is no better way of starting
the child in good healthy reading than by arousing his interest in the persons and places of
history and geography. With that taste once formed, and a small school library to draw upon
for the necessary books, the historical element in geography will have a direct bearing on manhood by inspiring pupils with great and noble thoughts, by placing before them the scenes and
places of the great deeds of the heroes of the world. 158 Public Schools Report. 1892
" History.
"Two things should be acquired by the study of history in Public Schools, 1st, a love for
history; 2nd, a plan or method for studying the subject. The main practical purpose of the
study of history is to guide us in social and political progress. This philosophy of history
cannot be studied to any great extent until the student reaches one of the higher institutions
of learning. The study of history should be confined to the collection and arrangement of
facts necessary to the generalization on which the philosophy of the subject depends.
" History, whether British or Canadian, received appropriate attention during the past
year, and a very fair degree of success in its study may very generally be reported.
" Physiology (Anatomy, Physiology, and Hvgiene).
" While the Course of Instruction recommends that oral primary instruction in these
allied subjects be given to the whole school, yet pupils in the Fourth and Fifth Reader classes
are required to use the prescribed text-book. Thus, provision is made for having the facts of
this important branch of study presented to pupils at all stages of advancement. For young
children, the oral instruction should principally consist of familiar lessons on health, and
should give but little attention to the learning of technical terms. Were this oral teaching
made as practical as possible, and the pupils taught how to bandage imaginary w-ounds (either
of vein or artery), how to treat burns (slight and deep), bruises, <fec, they would develop such
an increased interest in this lesson that even the ' dull boy ' would look forward to it with
pleasure.
" The interest generally shown by pupils in this subject is proof that teachers have
instructed their classes in an intelligent manner. Under the head of hygiene, ample opportunity has been afforded for giving instruction in the branch subject of temperance. No
teacher who has the welfare of his pupils at heart should fail to teach not only the evils of the
use of alcoholic stimulants, but of tobacco and other narcotics.
" In addition to the prescribed text-books on physiology, the Temperance Lesson Book
and the Pathfinder Series have no doubt been of assistance to the teacher in properly presenting
this division of the subject.
"Drawing.
" A deeper interest in drawing has been manifested during the past year than heretofore.
This subject is now taught in all the divisions of many of the Graded Schools, and in a large
number of the Rural Schools. The proficiency attained by pupils in form study has not been
very great, but in the majority of cases progress has been made in accordance with the skill of
the teacher and the time devoted to the subject.
" Music.
"Although singing is still an optional subject, the annual returns show that there has
been a considerable increase in the number of pupils who have received instruction in this
branch. Music is recommended on many grounds, especially as a means of securing wholesome
and cheerful discipline. There is no exercise that children enjoy so thoroughly, and their
joyous attention shows how their feelings have been stirred. In an altered mood they resume
their studies, and pursue them with fresh zeal. Perhaps all our teachers do not see its utility
in this light, or it may be that some have no musical talent.
" In one or two of the Graded Schools a special instructor was engaged to teach the Tonic
Sol-fa System. At the last midsummer public examination, the pupils trained by this method
gave evidence of having made considerable progress, when the short time for which they were
under instruction is considered. If the training be followed up, a great benefit will be
conferred.
" Physical Training.
" One of the most hopeful features of modern education is the recognition of the importance of physical training in school. By educationists the necessity of a trained body as the
instrument of a trained mind is fully recognized, but by the mass of teachers it is not as yet
sufficiently acted upon. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 159
" A daily drill of five or ten minutes in free gymnastics would be beneficial. Without
apparatus and without music, a skilful teacher can secure good results from what may be
termed ' free-arm movements,' executed by counting in time. To these may be added
' breathing exercises.' Club-swinging is a favourite exercise in many of the schools, and a well-
furnished gymnasium will, in all probability, soon form part of the equipment of the schools in
each of the city districts.
" Among other matters of importance under this head to which attention should be
given is the teaching of pupils to sit and stand properly, as well as to walk with head erect,
shoulders well back, hands at the side, and eyes to the front. When called upon to answer
questions, or to read, they should be trained to stand up promptly, and not allowed to roll up
or groiv up.
" My report has, from the nature of my duties, dealt entirely with work in the schoolroom. It is the system that establishes the school, but the quality of the teacher's work
finally determines educational success or failure.
" I have, &c,
" D. Wilson,
" >S". D. Pope, Esq., 11.1)., "Inspector of Schools.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 160 Public Schools Report. 1892
REPORTS OF BOARDS OF SCHOOL TRUSTEES OF CITY DISTRICTS.
City of Nanaimo.
Board of School Trustees :
John Hilbert, Esq., Chairman, Donald Smith, Esq., Secretary
Mark Bate, Esq., Marcus Wolfe, Esq.,
Alexander Shaw, Esq., Josiah W. Stirtan, Esq.,
John Dick, Esq.
"Nanaimo, September 15th, 1892.
" Sir,—In accordance with section 33 of the 'Public School Act, 1891,' we beg leave to
submit the following annual report of the proceedings of the Board of Trustees of Nanaimo
City School District for the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1892.
" The Board of Trustees held twenty-four meetings in connection with school matters
during the year.
" The incidental expenses for the several schools for the fiscal year amounted to the sum
of $2,030.94, which you will observe is greatly in excess of the amount placed in the estimates
by the Government for the same purposes in previous years, and owing to that fact the Board
of Trustees appointed by the Government and the City Council, respectively, on examining the
school premises found that the school buildings, fences, and furniture stood in want of many
necessary reparations, which called for immediate attention, besides the buildings were wholly
inadequate to accommodate the number of children of school age in the district attending
school. Consequently, in order to provide sufficient accommodation, the Board of Trustees was
obliged to rent two buildings at a monthly rent of $10 and $30 respectively. And to avoid
the payment of such heavy rent, and afford the needed accommodation, the Board purchased
four lots of land from the New Vancouver Coal Mining and Land Company, Limited, situate
in the most central localities—two lots in the North Ward and two lots in the South Ward—
at the price of $2,200, on which there is now being erected two substantial frame buildings.
"Three additional teachers were appointed in July, 1891, viz.: Miss Kate Hilbert, Miss
C. A. Duncan, and Miss Christina Pool, and they have proved themselves fully qualified for
their respective positions and worthy of their appointments.
"Miss A. F. Gardiner, Principal of the Girls' School, tendered her resignation in December,
1891, which was reluctantly accepted by the Board. Miss M. Lawson was appointed Principal
of the Girls' School in her stead, who commenced her duties in January, 1892, which duties
she still continues to fulfil satisfactorily alike to the Board, teachers, and pupils under her
charge.
" The staff of teachers employed in the Nanaimo City School District numbers eleven in
all, that is three male and eight female teachers.
"The best of feeling and harmony existed between the Board of Trustees, teachers, parents,
and pupils, as evidenced by the fact that no complaints have been made during the year, and
also by the hearty feeling and kindly wishes shewn on the part of everybody at the examinations
at the close of the year.
" I have, <fcc.,
" Donald Smith,
" Secretary, Board of Trustees.
" S. D. Pope, LL.D.,
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." 50 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
161
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1892.
Names of School Buildings.
Boys' School	
Girls' School	
Soutli Ward School.
North Ward School.
High School	
W
O
3
Efl
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cS
u s
r3
|
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0>   3
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is
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£
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1887
Wood
4
1877
Wood
4
1892
Wood
o
1892
Wood
o
«T3
.«   3
O  3
«1
26,136 sq. ft.
39,204     „
17,424
17,424     ,,
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ue
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$1,000
$5,000
$2,000
1,000
6,000
3,000
500
850
2,550
500
1,450
2,800
250
$3,250
$13,300
$10,350
$ 8,000
10,000
3,900
4,750
250
$26,900
Nanaimo, October l//th, 1892.
DONALD SMITH,
Secretary, Board of School Trustees
City of New Westminster.
Board of School Trustees :
Walter J. Walker, Esq., Chairman,
John McKenzie, Esq., Bartlet W. Shiles, Esq.,
Eustace A. Jenns, Esq., James Cunningham, Esq.,
Marshall Sinclair, Esq., Thomas Gifford, Esq.
F. W. How ay, Esq., Secretary.
"New Westminster, B. C, August 17th, 1892.
" Sir,—I have much pleasure in submitting to you the annual report of the New Westminster Board of School Trustees.
" The Board has met regularly during the year in the City Hall on the second Friday in
each month ; and special meetings have been held whenever necessity required the same.
" During the year the attendance in the schools of the city, as will be seen by the monthly
reports, has largely increased, especially in Westside School. It was the intention of the
School Board to erect a brick school-house at Westside to replace the present wooden building,
which is greatly overcrowded, and an appropriation of $5,000 for that purpose was asked by
the School Board from the City Council; but owing to the present depression the request was
not granted. The Board, however, hope to be able to erect the new school next year. The
Westside School is so crowded at present that the Board has been obliged to remove some of
the larger children to the Central School.
" The lower divisions of the Girls' School and Boys' School in the Central Building being-
overcrowded, the Board deemed it desirable to make a division of the same. Miss M. F.
Homer was consequently appointed 4th Assistant in the Girls' School, and Mr. R. J. Hall 4th
Assistant in the Boys' School. Upon the resignation of Miss N. Dockrill as Principal of
Westside, Mr. R. J. Hall was appointed in her stead, and Miss A. J. McDougall was placed
in the Boys' School as 4th Assistant. Mr. Robert Law, B.A., Ph.B., was appointed Assistant
in the High School. 162
Public Schools Report.
1892.
" One of the students in the Boys' School being supposed to have the small-pox, the Board
caused a great number of the children in the Central School to be vaccinated; and a resolution
has since been passed by the Board to the effect that no children shall be permitted to attend
school after vacation without proof of recent vaccination.
" The Board has had the school grounds put in good condition for the use of the children.
The thanks of the Board is due to Mr. C. Warwick, the Government Agent in this city, for
kindly placing the chain-gang at the disposal of the Board for this work. During the year the
old High School building was disposed of by the Board, and all the sheds adjoining the same
torn down and removed. This greatly improves the appearance of the Central School grounds.
It is the intention of the Board, upon the completion of the water works system, to have
connections made with all the school buildings, thereby adding greatly to the comfort of the
children and decreasing the risk of fire.
" I have, &c,
"F. W. Ho way,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Secretary, School Board.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1892.
Names of School Buildings.
Central (2 buildings—addition
of 4 rooms 1888)	
New school	
Sappertou 	
Westside (addition of one room
1890) 	
o
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an
CD
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1882
Wood
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1891
Brick
8   J
1890
Wood
4
1889
Wood
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Reserve  of 6
acres.
2 lots—100 x
100 feet.
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&
' $4,000
$20,000
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> 3
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B-a
.3 tj
$30,000
$54,000
New Westminster,
October 20th, 1892.
F.  W. HOWAY,
Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
168
City of Vancouver.
Board of School Trustees :
William Brown, Esq., Chairman, A. H. B. Macgowan, Esq., Secretary,
George I. Wilson, Esq., George F. Baldwin, Esq.,
Charles W. Murray, Esq., Henry Collins, Esq.,
Benjamin Springer, Esq.
"Vancouver, B. O, December 12th, 1892.
" Sir,—To mine of October 8th last, showing estimate of school properties in this city
at $294,700, I might add that our educational matters are progressing favourably. Our
accommodation in buildings and grounds in a short time will be sufficient to meet present
requirements. Our teaching staff are giving good satisfaction. So far as I know the best of
feelings exist between the Council of Public Instruction and the Board of School Trustees of
Vancouver. With grounds, buildings, and equipments of which a much older city might
boast, with a staff of teachers of which we are proud, and the existence of friendly relations
all round, I can see no reason for anything else than congratulations on our city educational
matters.
" A little later our Board may make some suggestions for consideration of the Council,
looking towards some slight amendments to present School Bill, and increase of teachers'
salaries.
" I have, &c,
"A. H. B. Macgowan,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Secretary, Board of Trustees.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C."
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1892.
Names of School Buildings.
High	
Central	
East	
West—new	
,,       old	
Mt. Pleasant—new
old
Fairview	
SQ
a
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£   60
a
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S
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a
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.3
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3-3
1892
Brick
1889
>>
8
1890
..
8
1892
>>
1888
Wood
4
1892
Brick
1888
Wood
3
H
o £
° »
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tu Q
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>  £
> 3
r?S
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H
200x250 feet.
$2,000
$16,000
$30,000
250x265    „
1,800
32,000
25,000
800x264    ,,
1,800
26,000
25,000
950x264    „
1,800
27,000
30,000
264x122    „
6,000
10,000
4,000
30,000
400x264   ,,
1,800
175x150    ,,
4,000
18,000
2,500
520x264   ,,
$9,200
$139,000
$146,500
$48,000
58,800
52,800
58,800
10,000
41,800
6,500
18,000
$294,700
Vancouver, October 8th, 1892.
A. H. B. MACGOWAN,
Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 164 Public Schools Report. 1892
City of Victoria.
Board of School Trustees :
Charles Hayward, Esq., Chairman,
John B. Lovell, Esq., William McKay, Esq.,
Henry Saunders, Esq., Thomas McConnan, Esq.,
Francis G. Richards, Jr., Esq., David W. Morrow, Esq.
B. Williams, Esq., Secretary.
"Victoria, B. C, August 27th, 1892.
" Sir,—The Victoria City Board of School Trustees report as follows for school-year
ending 30th June, 1892 :—
" Finding, by report of a committee appointed to that end, that the Ward Schools were
very much overcrowded, and also with a view of relieving to some extent the pressure of
attendance at the Central School, the Board, in August last, decided to make additions to all
the Ward Schools, with the exception of Rock Bay School. Contracts were accordingly
awarded for an addition to Victoria West School at a price of $1,360.00, and to James Bay,
Hillside, and Spring Ridge Schools at a price of $2,333.00.
" In September last the Board purchased a car-load of school desks. These have been
used in furnishing the new class-rooms, and in replacing unserviceable desks in other rooms
where needed. About one hundred of various sizes remain on hand, stored in the loft of the
Central School, ready to be distributed as needed.
" In November the Municipal Council was communicated with with a view to having the
extreme north-west corner of Beacon Hill Park set apart as a site for a new Graded School.
The Council, however, decided that they had no power to act in the matter.
" In December, having been authorized to employ an additional assistant in the High
School as soon as accommodation could be provided, the Board had plans and specifications prepared for altering the High School building so as to provide an additional class-room, making,
also, a safety exit from the Central School, and also for erecting a new play-shed. The work
was awarded at a contract price of $1,041.00. During the construction of this work, it was
thought advisable to have the floor of the loft over the main part of the Central School laid,
and this was done at a cost of $230.00.
" Upon the completion of the new play-shed, the gymnasium was furnished witli such
apparatus as, in the opinion of the Principals of the schools occupying the Central and High
School buildings, were necessary and best conducive to the physical training of the pupils,
both boys and girls.
" In January, complaint having been made that the steam heating apparatus of the
Central and High School buildings was not giving satisfaction, the matter was diligently gone
into by the Board, and a contract was let for the improvement of the system at a cost of
$750.00, which has since been completed, and, by report of the architect, works satisfactorily,
though the test supplied by the coming winter season will be the best proof of the efficiency
of the work done.
" In March last the advisability of connecting the Central and High School with the
sewerage system of Victoria City, in course of construction, was urged upon the City Council,
but up to date nothing has been effected to this end.
" With the additions to and alterations in the teaching staff, as well as changes in the
personnel of the Board itself, you are already acquainted.
" This Board has no direct financial dealings, but has an arrangement with the Municipal
authorities whereby they act as the bankers of the Board, and honour their drafts as per
agreement made at the commencement of the civic year, when the Board prepares an estimate
of the expected expenditure for the ensuing year. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
165
" The expenditure for the year was as follows, the accounts being paid by drafts upon the
City Treasurer, signed on behalf of the Board of Trustees by the Chairman, Secretary, and
one member of the Finance Committee :—
Alterations and repairs to school buildings $6,352 61
Furniture, new, and repairs to old    2,582 77
Janitors' salaries    1,540 00
Fuel       811 17
Insurance, fire       788 00
Printing and advertising  70 90
Secretary, office, salary, and office requisites       330 95
Stationery and supplies      171 77
Sundry expenses        135 35
$12,783 52
"S. D. Pope, LL.D., "Respectfully submitted,
" Superintendent of Education, " B. Williams,
"Province of British Columbia." "Secretary.
Statement for the Year ending June 30th, 1892.
Names of School Buildings.
Central	
High	
Girls' (wing added 1888)	
James Bay Ward (addition '89)
Hillside Ward
Rock Bay Ward ,,
Spring Ridge Ward ,,
Victoria West ,,
-c
3
O
O
OJ
A   60
4J
O   3
'3
a
°2
A
-p
0)  3
3
.«
&&
A
is
ti a
3 ■-
r=
0
Szi
1875
Brick
1882
> 1
22
1885
)>
.
1883
Wood
3
1884
))
3
1886
,,
0
1887
))
3
1888
"
4
7 2 acres.
120x120 feet.
100x133 „
120x120 „
135x119 ,,
1 acre.
do"
■ri     O     3
$4,000
600
600
400
600
800
$7,000
°  m
a> ^
3   3
Ss
T3  M
rf  0
.3 0
1™
m
$45,000
2,600
1,900
1,800
2,100
1,500
$54,900
O  be
30,000
4,000
4,000
3,200
3,200
4,000
$48,400
$79,000
7,200
6,500
5,400
5,900
6,300
?110,300
Victoria, June SOth, 1892.
B. WILLIAMS,
Secretary, Board of School Trustees. 166 Public Schools Report. 1892
SPECIAL REPORTS ON SCHOOLS.
In order to give statistical information on the schools in a form that will be most readily
understood, it has been deemed best to furnish special reports in the following order:—
A.—High Schools.
B.—Graded Schools.
C.—Rural Schools.
A.
Special Reports on High Schools.
Nanaimo High School.
Principal, Walter Hunter, B.A., B.C.L.
Salary, $110 per month.
Examined, November 30th, 1891.
May 30th and 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.02.
Report of the Principal.
"Nanaimo, B.C., September 22nd, 1892.
« SIE]—I have the honour to submit the report of the Nanaimo High School for the year
ending June 30th, 1892.
" The number enrolled for the year was 37.
" Although this number is the same as that of the preceding year, the average attendance
has been more satisfactory.
" Three pupils obtained certificates to teach at the examination held in July of the
present year.
" The Governor-General's medal was awarded to Watson Dykes, who obtained first place
at the midsummer examinations of this school.
" There is little else to record that is not already known to your department.
" The Board of Trustees has been ever ready to assist me in the discharge of my duties,
none of which have been in the least unpleasant. The pupils, with few exceptions, have been
diligent in preparing their work, and I trust that we are all progressing, and not yet satisfied
with past results.
"I have, &c,
" Walter Hunter,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education
" Victoria, B.C." 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
167
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment maybe found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations, held since its commencement, are also given.
Year.
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Males
Enrolled.
6
8
9
13
17
18
16
Females
Enrolled.
6
13
16
17
20
19
21
Average
daily
attendance
12
11.52
21
14.15
•25
15.86
30
17.57
37
21.99
37
19.94
37
20.02
Head of School.
Christmas.
James A. W. Bell	
James Galloway	
James Galloway	
Herhert D. R. Stewart.
Midsummer.
James A. W. Bell.
Herhert D. R. Stewart.
James Galloway.
James Galloway.
Herhert D. R. Stewart.
Christina Agnes Duncan
Watson Dykes.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, Master Watson Dykes, having obtained the
highest number of marks, was awarded the Bronze Medal, presented by His Excellency the
Governor-General, for competition among the pupils of this school.
New Westminster High School.
Principal, Hector M. Stramberg, B.A.
Salary, $110 per month.
Assistant, Robert Law, B.A., Ph.B.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, December 2nd, 1891.
May 30th and 31st, June 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 61.
Average monthly attendance, 55.
Average actual daily attendance, 46.51.
Report of the Principal.
"New Westminster, B.C., June 30th, 1892.
" Sir,—I beg herewith to submit my report of the New Westminster High School for the
year ending June 30th, 1892.
" With regard to the progress of the pupils, I am pleased to be able again to say that it
has been good. The division of the school into two departments has made it much easier for
those anxious to learn to succeed in their studies. Work is now more thoroughly done than
it was heretofore.
" You' will have seen by the monthly reports that the average daily attendance has been
much larger than it was last year. Since the first of January, with the exception of the
present month, there have been between twenty and thirty pupils in each of the departments.
The dread of small-pox and the vaccination of the whole school will account for the falling off
in the attendance during the last few weeks.
" Judging from the presence of so many visitors at the late examination, and the interest
they took in it, I am inclined to think that the institution is growing in popularity, that our
citizens are becoming more alive to the advantages of higher education, and that there is an
increasing number of those who believe the greatness of a city is to be measured as much by
the intelligence and culture of its inhabitants as by the number of buildings in course of
construction, or by a rise in the price of town lots.
" The apparatus for heating the building did not work well last winter; and I would
respectfully call attention to the matter, and advise that the radiators be made effective before
the cold weather returns.
" I am, <fec.,
"S. D.'Pope, Esq., LL.D., "H. M. Stramberg,
"Superintendent of Education." "Principal.   ., 168
Public Schools Report.
1892
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood at the head of the school at the Midsummer and Christinas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Year.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Males
Females
Total
Average
daily
Enrolled.
Enrolled.
Enrolment
attendance
21
19
40
21.77
20
20
40
25.00
16
22
38
19.25
20
28
48
22.75
17
16
33
20.86
25
22
47
24.96
27
24
51
27.50
32
29
61
46.51
Head of School.
Christmas.
Thomas R. E. Mclnnes.
Bertha Grant	
Richard McBride	
James Rankin  	
James Rankin  	
Arthur M. Whiteside. .
Midsummer
Frederic Wm, Howay.
Richard McBride.
James Rankin.
James Rankin.
Margaret F. Homer.
Margaret F. Homer.
Arthur M. Whiteside.
Mabel Lucy Calhoun.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, Miss Mabel Lucy Calhoun was awarded the
Bronze Medal, presented by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the
pupils of this school.
Vancouver High School.
Principal, Alexander Robinson, B.A.
Salary, $110 per month.
Assistant, John H. Secord, B.A.
Salary, $100 per month.
Examined, November 30th, 1891.
May 30th and 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 72.
Average monthly attendance, 52.
Average actual daily attendance, 42.87.
Report of the Principal.
" Vancouver, B.C., November 19th, 1892.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit the report of the Vancouver High School for the
year 1891-92.
" The High School still meets in the small frame building at the rear of the Central.
Our Board of Trustees, however, with characteristic energy, are erecting a building which,
for beauty of design, heating and ventilating arrangements, and interior finish, will be unequalled in the Province. Some idea of the enthusiasm with which the citizens of Vancouver
are labouring to provide their children with proper school facilities may be gathered from the
statement that in the year 1892 this city will spend $150,000 on school buildings alone.
" With regard to the progress of the pupils themselves, I can state that it has, in most
cases, been satisfactory. It would, however, be an incentive to work if there were a regular
graduation examination. Pupils of the High School would look forward to this examination
as do those of the Public Schools to the ' Entrance,' and I am sure that if it were made of a
sufficiently high character it would not fail to add greatly to the interest at present manifested
in High School work.
" I believe that the time is now ripe for the establishment of a Provincial University.
This would be the key-stone of our educational arch. I cannot but regard it as a menace to
higher education in this Province that there appears to be a disposition on the part of some 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
169
to establish denominational  colleges.    In  regard  to  the  maintenance of such an institution,
permit me to suggest that the present School Law with respect to rural districts be amended,
and that such districts be compelled to defray at least one-third of their proper school expenses.
" Thanking you for your kindness during the past year,
" I have, &c.,
" Alexander Robinson,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal, High School.
" Victoria, B.C."
The annexed tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment may
be found of interest.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer Examinations held
since its commencement are also given.
Males
Enrolled.
Females
Enrolled.
Total
Enrolment
Average
daily
attendance
Head of School
Year.
Midsummer.
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
10
13
18
21
29
54
31
42
72
24.67
24.36
42.87
Catherine A. Barnes.
Ftorence E. Morrison.
Florence E. Morrison.
Victoria High School.
Principal, John P. McLeod, B.A,, until December 31st, 1891 ; John H. Kerr, B.A.,
until January 31st, 1892; William Burns, B A., until June 30th, 1892; present
Principal, Edward B. Paul, M.A.
Salary, $110 per month.
1st Assistant, R. Offerhaus.
Salary, $100 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Agnes D. Cameron.
Salary, $90 per month.
3rd Assistant, John F. Smith.
Salary, $90 per month.
Examined, December 10th, 1891.
June 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 142.
Average monthly attendance, 112.
Average actual daily attendance, 95.13.
Report of the Principal.
■ Victoria, 30th June, 1892.
" Sir,—I have the honour to submit to you the report of this school for the year ending
30th June, 1892.
" On my taking the Principalship in February last, I found the work of the school in a
backward condition, especially in the English and Classical branches. In consequence of
this, and also of the appointment of a 3rd Assistant, it was necessary to re-aronige the limit-
tables, and in so doing I took the opportunity of carrying out more fully the system of giving
to each teacher special subjects through all the divisions. Although our class-work was much
hindered for some weeks by alterations going on, in and around the building, yet the standing
taken by the pupils at the June Examinations was satisfactory. The Governor-General's
medal was awarded to Miss Pauline Frank, 170
Public Schools Report.
1892
" The liberality of the Trustees in erecting a gymnasium-shed has been greatly appreciated
by the pupils; the shelter has afforded them much pleasure, and has also given an opportunity
of practising such calisthenic exercises as could not be taken in the crowded class-rooms. The
necessary apparatus has been provided from a fund belonging to the pupils themselves.
" A library has also been established by the pupils for their own use, and entirely under
their own management. The number of books already presented amounts to about 250
volumes.
" The closing exercises of the combined schools were held in the gymnasium, and it was
gratifying to the teachers and pupils to note the increased interest in the schools taken by
their numerous friends.
" I feel it incumbent on me, in retiring from the Principalship, to express my thanks to
the Chairman and members of the City School Board for the aid and assistance they have
given me in carrying out my duties.
" I have, &c,
" William Burns,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., " Principal.
" Superintendent of Education, Victoria."
From the following tabular statement of attendance at this school since its establishment,
an accurate idea of the number of pupils who have therein received instruction in the different
branches of a higher education may be obtained.
The names of those who stood head of the school at the Midsummer and Christmas
Examinations held since its commencement are also given.
Head of
School.
Males
Enrolled.
Females
Enrolled.
Total
Enrolment
Average
Daily
attendance
Year.
Christmas.
Midsummer.
1876-77
43
17
60
49.00
John C. Newbury	
John C Newbury.
1877-78
47
14
61
50.15
Thomas Baker	
No examination.
1878-79
54
22
76
43.62
Thomas Baker ........
Herbert C. Carey.
1879-80
51
31
82
54.69
Herbert C. Carey  	
Charles Hay ward,
1880-81
37
39
76
52.75
Charles Hay ward	
J. B. Carmichael.
1881-82
39
35
74
45.07
Charles Gardiner	
Wm. W. Halliday.
1882-83
34
27
61
38.00
R. Clayton Fawcett . ..
Samuel Sehultz.
1883-84
45
39
84
56.63
Christina Forrest	
Christina Forrest.
1884-85
37
57
94
56 34
Abbie F. Gardiner	
Abbie F. Gardiner.
1885-86
47
58
105
64.27
W. F. Carey Pope	
John C. Boyd.
1886-87
44
63
107
69.87
Arthur E. Haynes	
Arthur E. Haynes,
1887-88
49
71
120
67.00
Francis B. Gibbs	
Francis B. Gibbs.
1888-89
57
67
124
74.08
Jeannette Mebius	
Jeannette Mebius.
1889-90
59
70
129
78.39
Ernest Arthur Powell. .
Ernest Arthur Powell.
1890-91
55
59
71
83
126
142
82.67
95.13
1891-92
Pauline Frank.
The Silver Medal, annually donated by His Excellency the Governor-General for competition among the pupils of this school, was awarded to Miss Pauline Frank at the Midsummer
Examination, 1892. 36 Vict. Public Schools Report. 171
High Schools.
There were enrolled in the High Schools during the past year 312 pupils, of whom 125
were boys and 187 were girls.
A thorough English education being considered of the most practical importance, it is
gratifying to note that nearly all of the pupils took advantage of the opportunity afforded by
their attendance at these schools to study advanced work in the subjects peculiar to common
schools. A very large proportion studied the higher mathematics, while, in languages, 247
took Latin, 73 Greek, and  176 French.
The course of study pursued in our High Schools is very similar to that prescribed for
the same class of schools in Ontario and Nova Scotia, with the exception that more optional
subjects are included in our syllabus.
A few years past there was a slight agitation raised against the maintenance of these
schools at the public expense, but the great benefits that they have conferred each year on the
young men and young women of the Province have almost entirely removed this opposition,
and made them popular institutions of learning
By the establishment of High Schools, all the lower schools have been improved, as these
higher institutions hold out something to be attained, and tend to create a laudable ambition
in the minds of the pupils of the other schools. A spirit of emulation is created in pupils to
pass from one class to another, until the highest honour to be attained in the lower schools is
reached, viz., the passing of the entrance examination into a High School. Arrived there,
varied fields of learning lie open to their view, and if the pupils are not wholly indifferent to
the calls of ambition they will endeavour to achieve still higher honours.
It is to be hoped that, at no distant date, High Schools will be established in Kamloops,
Vernon, and other places in the Great Interior, and it is not improbable that such a thriving
and populous centre as Chilliwhack may, in the near future, be able to maintain such an
institution of learning in her midst.
Our High Schools afford, to poor and rich alike, the opportunity of obtaining a higher
education, and, for the present, they serve the purpose of public colleges.
The work accomplished in these schools during the past year has been, on the whole, of
the most satisfactory character. No small degree of enthusiasm in their work has been
manifested by the teachers, and consequently a very marked degree of progress has been
shown. 172                                         Public Schools Report.
1892
B.
Special Reports on Grade
i Schools.
D SCHOOLS,
ATTENDANCE  AT  GRADE.
from
1872 to 1892, inci
JUSIVE.
the  Public  Schools  in the  Cities of
The following tabular  exhibits
of attendance  at
Nanaimo, New Westminster, Vancouver, and Victoria, as well as at the 1
jtraded Schools in
Wellington and Kamloops, will, doubtless, prove of general interest:—
Nanaimo.
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
125
59
66
81
1874-75
153
75
78
112
1875-76
147
83
64
105
1876-77
184
93
91
112.50
1877-78
248
133
115
154
1878-79
241
135
106
136.89
1879-80
228
121
107
131.87
1880-81
265
148
117
136.95
1881-82
238
131
107
118.73
1882-83
210
131
79
108.03
1883-84
374
224
150
192.53
1884-85
322
175
147
180.54
1885-86
368
187
181
226.21
1886-87
414
209
205
244.93
1887-88
455
218
237
246.35
1888-89
490
236
254
229.54
1889-90
576
286
290
294.63
1890-91
682
342
340
372.40
1891-92
779
383
396
479.94
STew Westminster
Year.
Total number of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
Average daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
87
50
37
73
1874-75
65
32
33
37
1875-76
101
63
38
65
1876-77
121
73
48
67.25
1877-78
132
75
57
90
1878-79
200
102
98
99.03
1879-80
204
115
89
109.53
1880-81
202
116
86
103.63
1881-82
212
131
81
97.29
1882-83
255
150
105
121
1883-84
287
168
119
129.27
1884-85
329
184
145
151.19
1885-86
353
192
161
187.49
1886-87
444
230
214
212.43
1887-88
447
235
212
262.27
1888-89
448
233
215
262.32
1889-90
673
348
325
348.89
1890-91
847
426
421
426.28
1891-92
964
499
465
604.65 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
173
Vancouver.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1886-87
248
138
UO
168.40
18S7-88
642
333
309
238.19
1888-89
1024
533
491
537.69
1889-90
1465
720
745
817.84
1890-91
1748
840
908
1011.09
1891-92
2004
962
1042
1168.34
Victoria.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1872-73
No returns.
1873-74
346
176
170
113.50
1874-75
465
Not given.
Not given.
272
1875-76
545
Not given.
Not given.
302
1876-77
617
366
251
374
1877-78
734
455
279
450.15
1878-79
726
395
331
398.99
1879-80
790
436
354
398.78
1880-81
720
391
329
410.09
1881-82
765
440
325
433.45
1882-83
770
423
347
414.55
1883-84
1012
579
433
679.65
1884-85
1343
702
641
710.70
1885-86
1427
789
638
807.10
1886-87
1437
794
643
894.29
1887-88
1539
801
738
917.39
1888-89
1623
839
784
996.11
18S9-90
1896
995
901
1096.23
1890-91
2100
1088
1012
1284.68
1891-92
2449
1246
1203
1528.02 174
Public Schools Report.
1892
Wellington.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1874-75
34
14
20
24.75
1875-76
46
13
33
23.33
1876-77
53
19
34
23.78
1877-78
44
18
26
38.00
1878-79
50
25
25
29.82
1879-80
79
40
39
37.14
1880-81
89
52
37
42.50
1881-82
123
66
57
52.61
1882-83
146
90
56
73.70
1883-84
156
87
69
55.85
1884-85
142
76
66
73.26
1885-86
135
79
56
77.66
1886-87
151
78
73
79.34
1887-88
179
87
92
75.43
1888-89
227
103
124
100.38
1889-90
283
135
148
127.61
1890-91
234
118
116
113.86
1891-92
331
172
159
167.56
Kamloops.
Total number
Average
Year.
of
pupils enrolled.
•  Boys.
Girls.
daily
attendance.
1887-88
110
61
49
44.27
1888-89
113
70
43
49.92
1889-90
121
75
40
64.39
1890-91
118
70
48
86.29
1891-92
109
59
50
68.79 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
175
THE FOLLOWING GRADED SCHOOLS WERE IN OPERATION DURING
THE YEAR :—
Schools.
Kamloops	
Nanaimo—Boys'	
Do.        Girls'	
New Westminster—Boys'	
Do. Girls'	
Do.                          Sapperton
Vancouver—Central	
Do. East	
Do. West 	
Do. Mt. Pleasant	
Victoria—Boys'	
Do.       Girls'	
Do.       West	
Wellington	
Number
of grades.
Percentage
of regular
attendance.
63.11
63.90
65.92
65.06
68.20
51.07
59.16
57.73
56.56
59.73
65.70
62.68
69.24
50.62
In order to secure greater uniformity in the management of Graded Schools, the following
additional regulations have been prescribed by the Council of Public Instruction :—
The Principal shall prepare the Limit Table for each division of his school, and must
forward a copy of the same to the Education Department for approval.
Semi-annual written examinations for making promotions shall be held in the different
divisions of each graded school.
The Principal shall prejsare the questions for these examinations, and shall fix the time
of holding the same, but the promotion lists must be read on the date on which each public
examination of the school is held.
As it is not deemed proper to place too great reliance upon a single written examination,
the Principal shall consult the assistant teacher of each division in preparing the promotion
list. The assistant's recommendation, based upon record kept as to progress and standing of
pupils claimed to be worthy of promotion, should be accorded proper consideration.
A copy of all questions set for each promotion examination, together with a statement of
the results of the examination of each division (on blanks supplied by the department for that
purpose), must forthwith be forwarded to the Education Department. Kamloops.
Principal, Edward S. Wood; salary, $85 per month.
Assistant, Miss Jennie M. H. Pope; salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Deborah E. Matthews; salary, $40 per month.
Inspected. September 24th, 1891 ; present, 36 boys, 31 girls; total, 67.
Enrolled during the year, 109.
Average monthly attendance, 82.
Average actual daily attendance. 68.79.
Expenditure, $2,300.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $21.10.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $33.43.
Report of the Principal.
"Kamloops, B.C., June 30th, 1892.
" Sir,—I herewith respectfully submit my report of the Kamloops Public School for the
year ending June 30th, 1892.
" The attendance during the year has not been so large as was expected, but that is
accounted for in some measure by the outbreak of measles during the winter; otherwise the
average attendance, compared with enrolment, has been satisfactory.
" Dr. Furrer (Trustee) rendered material assistance in teaching physiology, by giving
numerous lectures on the subject.
"By utilizing prison labour on Saturdays, the floors have been thoroughly washed weekly,
in warm weather, and thus the buildings have been kept in a most satisfactory condition in
this respect,
" Written promotion examinations were held in June and December, according to regulations, and the results were, in most instances, satisfactory. Two public examinations were
also held and well attended, but we would like to see more general visiting during the term.
In Trustee visits there has been a marked increase over former years; this is a step in the
right direction, and we hope to see it continued.
"At the teachers' examination in July last, two pupils of this school were awarded Second
Class, Grade B, Certificates, and two others Certificates of Standing.
" If the new building be not erected in the near future, I would respectfully suggest that
the partition be removed from the east wing, which is occupied by the primary classes, and
that a small cloak-room be attached to the outside. This change would give the room about
120 square feet additional floor surface, at a very small outlay, and make the wings correspond
in all particulars. The whole building is in need of painting, which would add very greatly
to its appearance.
" During the whole year my assistants have laboured faithfully and well, to the entire
satisfaction of all parties concerned, and it is a matter of congratulation that no changes are
contemplated at the coming vacation.
" Before concluding this report, I must thank the Trustees and parents, on behalf of
myself and assistants, for the uniform kindness and courtesy with which we have ever been
received, and the pupils for their industry and general good conduct.
" I have, etc.,
" E. Stuart Wood,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
"Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria."
During the present school year a fine and commodious building, with accommodation for
four divisions, has been erected on a new site in the eastern part of the town.
The new building will, it is expected, be ready for occupancy after the Christmas vacation. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 177
Nanaimo.
Boys' School.
Principal, John Shaw ; salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, James A. Galloway ; salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Flora E. Hartt; salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Christina Pool ; salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 242.
Average monthly attendance, 190.
Average actual daily attendance, 154.66.
At the  Christmas  Examination, 1891, the following passed  the  standard  required for
admission to a High School :—
Reuben Mottishaw,
Louis E. Lawrence,
Charles D. McDonald.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following obtained the  percentage required
for admission to a High School :—
Robert J. Gibson,
Joseph W. Allison,
Wilfred E. Akenhead.
Report of the Principal.
"Nanaimo, B. C, June 27th, 1892.
"Sir,—I beg leave to submit the following annual report of the Nanaimo Boys' Public
School for the year ending June, 1892.
" Great inconvenience has been caused on account of having the divisions of our school
in different parts of the city—the South Ward School occupying the room that should have
been occupied by our fourth division, and our fourth division being located at the north end
of the city in the same building as the North Ward School is conducted.
" The following promotions of the different divisions will give a fair idea of the progress
made during the year:—Number of promotions from 1st division to High School, six; from
2nd to 1st, thirteen; from 3rd to 2nd, fourteen; and from 4th to 3rd, fifteen; which is about
the same as last year.
" I understand the trustees are making arrangements for the building of Ward Schools,
which will allow our four divisions to be in the same building, and thereby greatly benefit the
work.
" I have, &c,
" Jno. Shaw,
"S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B.C."
Cirls' School.
Principal, Miss Abbie F. Gardiner until  December  31st, 1891 ; present Principal, Miss
Maria Lawson ; salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Lucy A. Mebius; salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Isabel Brown ; salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary P. Haarer ; salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 259.
Average monthly attendance, 211.
Average actual daily attendance, 170.75. 178 Public Schools Report. 1891
At the Christmas  Examination,   1891,   the  following passed the standard  required  for
admission to a High School :—
Essie Keddy,
Bella May McDonald,
Rosa Duncan,
Laura Maud Akenhead,
Julia Teague.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following obtained the percentage required for
admission to a High School :—
Eliza Quennell,
Isabel Bennie.
Report of the Principal.
"Nanaimo, June 28th, 1892.
" Sir,—I now send you the reports of the Nanaimo Girls' School for the year ending-
June 30th, 1892.
"When I entered upon the duties of Principal in the beginning of January I found that
my predecessor, Miss Gardiner, had left the school in fine working order.
" At Christmas five of the girls had passed into the High School, and although at the
recent Midsummer Examination only two were successful in obtaining entrance certificates,
most of the girls in the first class worked well, and did the best they were capable of doing.
" The other teachers in the school have all worked hard and successfully. It would be
difficult to tell in which of the three rooms the discipline is the best, and the children are
evidently happy as well as good in school.
" I was sorry to be obliged to interfere with the grading of the school and return to Miss
Haarer the Junior Second Class, as Miss Brown had not enough seats or desks for the children
promoted to her room at Christmas.
" The same children have, therefore, been twice promoted from the same room during the
year. The examination in June for the fourth division was almost as difficult as that for the
Ward Schools, and the little ones did, as you will notice, very well indeed.
" The closing examination was very well attended, and all seemed pleased with the singing
and recitations of the scholars. The principal's room is, however, quite too small to hold the
scholars and visitors either safely or comfortably.
" We need a shed very badly for the children to play in during the wet weather, and I
hope before another summer comes round some trees will be planted, which will in time afford
shade from the hot sun.
" Many of the parents and friends of the children sent in prizes, and the teachers of the
Girls' School have to thank Mr. S. M. Robins for a liberal donation. The trustees have during
the past term been ready to help us in every way, and, indeed, we have found every one with
whom our school work has brought us in contact both kind and courteous.
" Thanking you, sir, personally for your kindness to me,
" I am, &c,
" Maria Lawson,
" S. D. Pope,_ Esq., LL.D., " Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B.C." 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 179
North Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Kate Hilbert.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 19th, 1891.
December 1st, 1891.
December 2nd, 1891.
May 30th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 97.
Average monthly attendance, 70.
Average actual daily attendance, 56.02.
South Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Christina A. Duncan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 19th, 1891.
December 1st, 1891.
December 2nd, 1891.
June 1st, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 144.
Average monthly attendance, 106.
Average actual daily attendance, 78.49.
Nanaimo Schools.
High School, Boys' School, Girls' School, North Ward School, South Ward School.
Teachers, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 779.
Average monthly attendance, 602.
Average actual daily attendance, 479.94.
Expenditure, $8,900.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $11.42.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $18.54.
The enrolment for the year shows an increase of 97 over that for the previous year, and
the average actual daily attendance an increase of 107.54 for the same period.
That a more enlivened interest has been taken in the schools by the Trustees is shown
by the fact that 256 visits were made by them in 1891-92, being an increase of 97 visits over
the number made by them in 1890-91.
During the present year the attendance at South Ward School has been exceedingly
large, the average actual daily attendance during November having been 89.66. As two fine
and commodious ward school buildings are now nearing completion, doubtless two more
teachers will be added to the staff after the Christmas holidays, thus relieving the overcrowded
condition of both ward schools.
In December, 1891, Miss Abbie F. Gardiner resigned her position as Principal of the
Girls' School, after having conducted this school in a most satisfactory manner for a period of
five years. Miss Maria Lawson, who has had several years of successful experience, received
appointment as Miss Gardiner's successor.
No further changes have been made in the staff, which now numbers eleven teachers.
The High School and Graded Schools of this city are in a flourishing condition, and
taking into consideration the overcrowded condition of the ward schools, the work accomplished in them has been all that could have been expected.
There is every prospect that the attendance during the present year will largely exceed
that of the past year.
I 180 Public Schools Report. 1892
New Westminster.
Boys' School.
Principal, William C. Coatham ; salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert G. Gordon ; salary, $75 per month.
2nd Assistant, Frank E. Morrison ; salary, $60' per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Melrose Dockrill; salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Robert J. Hall; salary, $55 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 317.
Average monthly attendance, 259.
Average actual daily attendance, 206.26.
At the Christmas Examination,   1891,  the following  passed  the  standard  required  for
entrance to a High School:—
Trenholme W. Fee,
Hugh Bell,
Robert Chalmers Galbraith,
William Edward Haddon,
Harry Percival Latham,
George Henry Parker,
Edwin Henry Johnston,
Thomas Jefferson Cunningham,
Stanley Gibbons Peele,
Dougal Patterson.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following obtained the  percentage  required
for admission to a High School:—
» George Burr,
John E. Fales,
Christopher McGillivray,
William H. Burnett.
Report of the Principal.
"New Westminster, July 1st, 1892.
" Sir,—In compliance with the rules and regulations, I most respectfully beg leave to
submit my annual report for the last school-year.
" In January, upon the completion of the brick building, a new division was created and
a fourth assistant was added to the staff. This relieved the overcrowded rooms and, leaving
each teacher with but two classes, permitted the attainment of more satisfactory results.
" At the close of this school-year I am in a position to speak very highly of most of the
teaching done by my assistants, and the large number of pupils promoted each half-year by
them fully testify as to the energy and ability of the several teachers.
"At the present time the teachers on the staff of this school have all had several years'
experience before receiving their present appointments, and I am strongly of the opinion that
large classes of graded schools have such great claims upon the profession that such teachers
only should be engaged by the Board, and I look forward with pleasure to the opening of a
training school for teachers, where they may be taught how to teach before they enter upon
important duties.
" Towards the close of the last school-year the prevalence of small-pox affected the attendance of the pupils, and, no doubt, had some effect upon the results of the promotion
examinations.
" During the half-yearly entrance examinations, fourteen pupils gained admission to the
High School, and one other pupil was promoted by a special examination.
" I have, etc.,
"S. D.Pope, LL.D.. "W. C. Coatham,
"Superintendent of Education, "Principal, Boys' School.
" Victoria." 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 181
Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Ellen Rogers ; salary, $80 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Louisa M. R. Walker; salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Blanche Millard ; salary, $55 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Mary S. Homer; salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Margaret F. Homer ; salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 270.
Average monthly attendance, 243.
Average actual daily attendance, 184.14.
At the Christmas Examination,  1891,  the following  passed the  standard  required  for
admission to a High School:—
Mary Bell,
Catherine Ellen Austin,
Ella Kate Pringle,
Flora May Currie,
Anne Evelyn Trew,
May Latham,
Rachel Florence Miller.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following obtained the  percentage  required
for admission to a High School :—
Grace E. Boggs,
Edith Lewis,
Katharine N. Fraser,
Mamie V. Welsh,
Margaret T. McQuarrie.
Report of the Principal.
" New Westminster, June 25th, 1892.
Sir,—I beg leave to submit to you the annual report of the New Westminster Girls'
School.
At Christmas another teacher was added to the staff, taking the position of 4th Assistant,
and a redistribution of classes was made.
During the year fourteen pupils were promoted to the High School; and one of these,
Miss Grace E. Boggs, secured the Governor-General's medal.
At the semi-annual promotion examinations sixteen pupils were promoted from the 1st
Assistant's to the Principal's division, twenty from the 2nd Assistant's division to that of the
1st Assistant, and twenty from the 3rd Assistant's division to that of the 2nd Assistant. At
the midsummer promotion examination, twelve pupils were promoted from the 4th Assistant's
division to that of the 3rd Assistant.
" Excellent work has been done by the assistants, the results, as shown by the promotion
examinations, having been even more satisfactory than usual.
" I have, <fec,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., " Ellen Rogers,
" Superintendent of Education, ■ " Principal, New Westminster Girls' School.
" Victoria." 182 Public Schools Report. 1892
Sapperton School.
Teacher, Norton Strople.
Salary, $70 per month.
Assistant, Miss Janet I. Miller.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 20th, 1891;
November 11th, 1891;
December 3rd, 1891 :
April 28th, 1892 :
June 3rd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 144.
Average monthly attendance, 92.
Average actual daily attendance, 73.54.
Westside School.
Teacher, Miss Nettie Dockrill until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, Robert J. Hall.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Mrs. Annie C. McDonald.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 20th, 1891 ;
November 11th, 1891 ;
December 3rd, 1891 ;
•     April 28th, 1892 :
June 3rd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 172.
Average monthly attendance, 121.
Average actual daily attendance, 94.20.
New Westminster Schools.
High School, Boys' School, Girls' School, Sapperton School, and Westside School.
Teachers, 15 ; monitors, 1.
Enrolled during the year, 964.
Average monthly attendance, 770.
Average actual daily attendance, 604.65.
Expenditure, $11,791.50.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $12.23.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $19.50.
There was an increase of 117 in enrolment during the. past year, and the average actual
daily attendance increased 178.37 during the same period.
The percentage of average attendance for all the schools was 62.72, while in the High
School it was 76.24, the best record made by any of the High Schools.
Owing to the increased attendance in the Boys' School, it was found necessary to appoint
a 4th Assistant. Mr. R. J. Hall received the appointment and entered upon his duties in
January, 1892.
At the beginning of the present school-year Miss Nettie Dockrill resigned the position of
teacher of Westside School, and Mr. Hall was appointed to succeed her, Miss A. J. McDougall
taking his place as 4th Assistant of the Boys' School.
In January, 1892, Miss M. F. Homer became 4th Assistant of the Girls' School.
At the present time the lowest division of the Boys' School and of the Girls' School is
overcrowded, the average actual daily attendance having been in November in the one case
67.28, and in the other 72.85. Unless this excess of attendance is relieved by promotions
during the present month, additional assistants will certainly be required.
There is good prospect that a second assistant in the High School will be a necessity in
the near future.
The results of the past year showed that good work had been accomplished. At the
present time the schools are in good working order. 56 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.
183
Vancouver.
Central,
School.
Principal, Frederick M. Cowperth
waite, B.
A.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Gregory H. Tom.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Robert Fraser, until December 31st, 1891 ;   present  2nd Assistant,   Miss
Katharine McDougall.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Isabella M. Rutherford
until Juno 30th, 1892 ; present
3rd Assistant,
Miss Margaret J. Murchie.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Margaret J. Murchie u
ntil June 30th, 1892 ; present
4th Assistant,
Miss Emily C. Agnew.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Margaret Ha
*tney.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Margaret M.
Harding
until June 30th, 1892 ; present
6th Assistant,
Miss Annie L. Buttimer.
Salary, $55 per month.
■ .
7th Assistant, Miss Marion B. Johnstone.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined December 1st and 2nd
1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 606.
Average monthly attendance, 451
Average actual daily attendance,
358.52.
At the Christmas  Examination,
1891, the
following  passed  the  standard required for
admission to a High School:—
Mabel W. Smith,
Mary Isabel Fraser,
Eliza E. Spillman,
Jennie Lind Mitchell,
Guy C. Anderson,
Robert W. T. Broderick,
Alfred J. Patterson,
Eva Alice Springer,
Fannie Mcintosh,
Annie Barton,
Nellie D. Burritt,
Lucy Kate Arkle,
May Emily Moss,
Christie Amelia Matheson,
Sara B. Agnew,
Ebenezer B. Bodwell,
Elizabeth George,
Laura Emma Moss,
Edith Helena Charleson.
At the Midsummer Examination,
1892, the following obtained  the  percentage  required
for admission to a High School :—
Arthur St. G. Dougall,
Charlotte Green,
Theodore J. DePencier,
Walter S. Copp,
Edith C. Parker,
Julia M. Eldridge,
Charles E. Wintemute,
Alice J. Johnson,
Henry A. McTaggart,
Harvey Scurry,
Joseph D. Allen,
Elizabeth A. Collins
Margaret H. Hill,
Charles A. Eggert,
Elizabeth M. Currie,
Eressa B. McNutt,
Kate E. Heaps,
Mabel A. Blair,
Annie M. Frank,
Homer S. Morrison. 184 Public Schools Report. 1892
Report of the Principal.
" Vancouver, B. C,
"July 30th, 1892.
" Sir,—I have the honour herewith to submit my report of the Vancouver Central Public
School for the year ended June 30th, 1892.
" During the year one change was made in the staff of teachers. Mr. R. Fraser was
promoted to the first assistantship in the West End School, and his place taken by Miss Kate
McDougall, formerly teacher of literature in Fergus High School, Ontario.
" Most of my assistants have shown an earnest desire to promote the best interests of the
school.    Particularly good work has been done by Miss M. Murchie.
"The sixth and eighth divisions are somewhat overcrowded—the former having an
attendance of seventy and the latter of eighty-two.
"The best results will, I think, never be attained in the primary department until something is done regarding the admission, at all times, of pupils who have not previously attended
school. Under a free school system it is, of course, a difficult matter to refuse a pupil admittance, but notices might be put in the daily papers, strongly urging parents to have their
children enrolled before the end of the first month in each term.
"The public examinations of this school have been very largely attended by the parents
and friends of the pupils; but during the term there have been comparatively few visitors.
It is just possible that people do not know they are welcome at any time, and, as a consequence, wait for a special invitation.
" In the past, both teachers and pupils have suffered considerably on account of the rooms
being insufficiently heated; but a new heating and ventilating apparatus is now being placed
in the building, and I anticipate no further trouble.
" In closing, I wish to thank the Department and the Board of Trustees of this city for
the interest manifested in the school, and for the encouragement in my work which I have
received from both.
" I have, &c,
"F. M. Cowperthwaite,
"A D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal, Central School.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B.C."
East School.
Principal,  James B.   Ganton,   until   December   31st,    1891;   present   Principal,  Robert
Sparling.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, John McMillan, B.A.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, James Dougan.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Catherine A. Barnes.
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Bessie Johnston.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Marie L. Fletcher.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Minna G. McKay.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Mary A. Wintemute.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 655.
Average monthly attendance, 480.
Average actual daily attendance, 378.19. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 185
At the Christmas  Examination,   1891,  the  following passed the  standard  required for'
entrance to a High School :
Louise Edgett,
Sarah Hatch.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following  obtained  the  percentage required
for admission to a High School:—
George M. Bovyer,
Clifford W. Casselman,
William E. Foreman,
■    Winifred E. Stitt,
Ada M. Alcock,
May Whitley.
Report of the Principal.
"Vancouver, July 15th, 1892.
"Sir,—I have the honour to submit the following report of the Vancouver East Public
School for the year ending June 30th, 1892:—
"General Progress.
"On the opening of the term in January, 1892, the Eighth Division was formed. During
the term 180 new pupils were admitted. This addition had the effect of overcrowding Divisions III., VI. VIII. The attendance in each of these divisions was over seventy. With such
a large attendance it is impossible for the teacher to do satisfactory work, since there is no
time to give individual attention to pupils who require it. To afford relief three additional
teachers will be required.
"Course of Study.
"The regular course of work has been followed. Increased attention was given to the
work in the primary grades. The work in arithmetic was taught in a practical manner.
Regular oral work in language was also commenced. The results have been very gratifying
indeed. The system of instruction pursued in the lower grades is now uniform throughout,
which secures better results. In all grades more attention has been given to composition and
grammar. The chief aim has been to avoid the meaningless memorizing of technical grammar.
The ability to speak and write the English language fluently and correctly cannot be acquired
by first learning the parts of speech, the rules of syntax, analysis and parsing. Composition
should precede, not follow, the grammar—the science of the language. Pupils must first be
trained to observe. The objects sought are: To develop the ideas step by step; to afford an
abundant supply of material for daily exercises in talking and writing under the guidance and
direction of the teachers, and to teach only the essentials of technical grammar.
"Punctuality and Regularity.
"The greatest difficulty the teachers had to contend with was irregular attendance.   Owing
to the energetic efforts put forth a marked improvement has been made.
"Early in the term quite a number of cases of truancy occurred. This evil has also been
lessened.
"The attendance is not yet what it should be. I would suggest that attendance be made
absolutely compulsory, except in case of sickness and other unavoidable circumstances.
"Our best record was 83 per cent, of the number attending. I feel confident if more
stringent measures were taken the monthly average would run over 90 per cent, of the
attendance.
"In concluding this report I desire to make mention of the earnest efforts put forth by my
assistants in their endeavours to advance the best interests of the school. Their earnest
co-operation in the work has made the labours of the term a positive pleasure.
" I have, &c,
"R. Sparling,
" <S'. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., " Principal.
" Superintendent of Education
" Victoria, B.C." 186 Public Schools Report. 1892
West School.
Vice-Principal, Thomas A. McGarrigle, B.A.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Robert Sparling until December 31st, 1891 ; present 1st Assistant, Robert
Fraser.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Mary L. Harding.
Salary, $60 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Lena M. Ferguson.
Salary, $50 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Mary M. Chambers, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, August 19th, 1891 ;
November 10th, 1891 ;
April 29th, 1892;
May 30th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 381.
Average monthly attendance, 258.
Average actual daily attendance, 215.53.
Mount Pleasant School.
Vice-Principal, Miss Archena J. McDougall  until  December  31st, 1891 ; present  Vice-
Principal, George W. Jamieson.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, George W. Jamieson until December  31st, 1891 ; present 1st Assistant,
Allan C. Stewart.
Salary, $65 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Emily C. Agnew until December 31st, 1891 ; present 2nd Assistant,
Truman S. Baxter.
Salary, $50 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Emily C. Agnew until June 30th, 1892 ; present 3rd Assistant, Miss
Florence Morrison.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 19th, 1891;
November 30th, 1891 ;
April 29th, 1892;
May 31st, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 290.
Average monthly attendance, 236.
Average actual daily attendance, 173.23.
Vancouver Schools.
High School, Central School, East School, West School, Mount Pleasant School,
Teachers, 27.
Enrolled during the year, 2,004.
Average monthly attendance, 1,477.
Average actual daily attendance, 1,168.34.
Expenditure, $21,608.83.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $10.78.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $18.49.
As compared with the previous year the enrolment during the past year shows an increase
of 256 pupils, and the average actual daily attendance an increase of 157.25.
The percentage of average daily attendance was not as large as might reasonably be
expected, although it shows a slight advance on that of the previous year, 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 187
Owing to the increased attendance in East and West Schools, Miss M. Wintemute and
Miss M. M. Chambers, B. A., were appointed 7th Assistant and 4th Assistant of these schools,
respectively, and commenced their duties in January, 1892.
Miss A. J. McDougall having resigned in December, 1891, her position as Vice-Principal
of Mount Pleasant School, Mr. G. W. Jamieson became her successor.
Early in the present school-year a second Assistant in the High School being considered
a necessity, Mr. J. H. Kerr, B.A, received the appointment.
During the present school-year the 3rd and 6th Divisions of East School became so overcrowded as to necessitate the opening of East Branch School, which is now in charge of three
teachers.
Three very handsome and commodious additional brick school buildings are now nearing
completion in this city, and when ready for occupancy ample accommodation will have been
provided to meet every present requirement of the schools. The very liberal manner in which
the educational needs of this city have been met most assuredly reflects the greatest credit on
its citizens, and is practical evidence of their high appreciation of popular education.
The discipline and management of the schools are deserving of special commendation, and
the results of examinations held in the different schools have been very creditable to both
teachers and pupils.
Victoria.
Boys' School.
Principal, Stephen B. Netherby.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, John F. Smith until February  29th, 1892; present 1st Assistant, Angus
B. McNeill.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Angus B. McNeill until February   29th,   1892; present 2nd Assistant,
Edward F. Doran.
Salary, $75 per month.
3rd Assistant,  Edward F.  Doran until February   29th, 1892 ; present 3rd Assistant,
Ernest H. Russell, B.A.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor of 4th Division, Miss Mina Sanderson.
Salary, $40 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Elizabeth E. Sylvester.
Salary, $65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Gertrude H. Withrow.
Salary, $60 per month.
6th Assistant, Miss Sarah Kermode.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Grace H. Fawcett.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor of 8th Division, Miss Eliza King.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891;
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 666.
Average monthly attendance, 529.
Average actual daily attendance, 437.58.
At the Christmas Examination, 1891, the following passed the standard required for
entrance to a High School:—
Ethelbert O. Scholefield, Ransome Lane,
John A. McTavish, David R. Kennedy,
David G. Kurtz, Henry G. Dalby,
William F. Fraser, Charles R. Esnouf,
Leonard A. Gill, William C. Jackson,
Thomas H. Wilson, George H. Hall. 188 Public; Schools Report. 1892.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following  obtained  the  percentage   required
for admission to a High School :—
Alexander McLean, Richard H. Hale,
William W. McDonald, William R, J. Smithe,
Benjamin C. Nicholas, Charles W. E. Redfern,
George C. Pickard, William J. McKay,
George E. Brown, Donald C. Kurtz,
Frederick Futcher, Talbot Devereux,
Albert E. Jewell.
Report of the Principal.
"Victoria, July 13th, 1892.
"Sir,—In submitting my report of the Boys' School for the year ending 30th June,
1892, I will forbear reiterating those particulars which are necessarily involved in the
statistics of the annual report, and to which alone they belong, and confine my remarks to
some points which claim more general notice and elucidation than can be accomplished by a
mere array of figures.   •
"It is with no small amount of satisfaction that I record, for your information, the gratifying fact of a very general and very marked improvement in the management of the different
classes, and the conscientious and intelligent devotion of the teachers to their work, and the
awakening regard of scholars to the duty of ' compassing all knowledge,' assured that it is
only by doing so they can hold their own, while struggling amid intellects whetted by all the
attrition of conflicting self-interests, and stimulated by the never slumbering energies of an
aroused ambition.
"The pupils in the higher grades of this school have awakened to the fact that no shams,
no wasting of intellect in studied evasions of examination, can be allowed, but that our work
is a reality—a reality requiring thorough study ere their names can be entered on the High
School register.
" The course of study, as laid down in the Limit Table, has been closely followed, and I
have impressed on the teachers and pupils the duty of giving special attention to composition,
which is becoming every day more essential to the exactness of business relations, as well as
to other correspondence required in our intercourse one with the other.
"Considerable attention has been given to vocal music and linear drawing during the
term just past, and I sincerely hope that great progress will be made in these subjects during
the coming year, for experience has taught me that there must be a training to discover
natural as well as moral beauty, and man's advancement in moral intelligence depends much
on the education of that latent power which will keep him ever awake to what is beautiful in
the world around him, and will make him stoutly zealous to show that grander beauty of
moral sentiment and action which tells of an origin from that heavenly land which sin has
not defiled and sorrow has not defaced.
" I have, (fee,
"S. B. Netiierby,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C." Girls' School.
Principal, Miss Frances E. Armstrong.
Salary, $100 per month.
1st Assistant, Mrs. L. M. Caldwell.
Salary, $80 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Mary Williams.
Salary, ¥75 per month.
3rd Assistant, Miss Ada Keast,
Salary, $70 per month.
4th Assistant, Miss Elinor M. Carmichael until October 31st, 1891; present 4th Assistant,
Miss Frances E. Arrowsmith.
Salary, S65 per month.
5th Assistant, Miss Sarah A. Robinson.
Salary, $60 per month,
6th Assistant, Miss Annie J. Monro until October 31st, 1891; present 6th Assistant, Miss
Alexandrina Russell.
Salary, $55 per month.
7th Assistant, Miss Alexandrina Russell until October 31st, 1891 ; present 7th Assistant,
Miss Isabel R. Christie.
Salary, $50 per mouth.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
June 1st and 2nd, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 619.
Average monthly attendance, 466.
Average actual daily attendance, 388.03.
At the Christinas  Examination, 1891,   the  following passed the  standard required for
entrance to a High School : —
Annie E. Reilly,
Agnes Petit,
Nora Denny,
Harriet E. Ross,
Isabella McTaggart,
Elizabeth P. Northcott,
Kate Cooley Wolfenden,
Ann
Eliza Harrild,
Lizzie M. Watkins,
Grace E. Nisbet,
Margaret A. Russell,
Martha P. Wolf,
Edith L. Byrn,
Isabella J. Wilson,
ie Murray.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, the following  obtained  the  percentage required
admission to a High School :—
Margaret C. McLean,
Jennie L. McCulloch,
Nellie E. Marchant,
Claire R. McGregor,
Eliza McGraw,
Lilian E. Steele,
Mabel G. Bunting,
Annie E. Couves,
Josephine
Margaret R. Burkholder,
Jane K. Strachan,
Etta F. Steers,
Jane G. Loat,
Ella G. Lowe,
Jessie L. Fawcett,
Barbara Mould,
Bessie Fraser,
L. Burkholder.
Report, of the Principal.
" Victoria, June 25th, 1892.
" Sir,—I beg to submit the following report of the Girls' School for the year 1891-92.
" Very satisfactory progress has been made by the pupils, and a large number of
promotions has been made from each division of the school. We may justly say, therefore,
that success has attended the efforts of the teachers of the various grades. " In February last we succeeded in getting a teacher of vocal music, who has since then
been instructing the pupils in the Tonic Sol-fa System.    The children take much interest in
this work, and have made very marked progress, as shown at their recent closing examination.
" I hope we shall be able to continue these vocal music lessons, as the results attained will
in the near future be gratifying to all.
" During the last half-year an Assembly Hall has been erected thus filling a long felt
want, and adding much to the comfort of the pupils. I feel assured the creditable appearance
presented by this hall at our closing examinations in June would satisfy all that time and
means had not been expended in vain.
"In the near future I hope we shall see a school library an established fact, as I believe
its beneficial results could not be over-estimated.
" In conclusion, I beg to thank the Education Department, trustees, and teachers for
their hearty co-operation in everything tending to the advancement of education in our fair
city.
" T have, (fee,
" Frances E. Armstrong,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C"
West School.
Principal, Thomas Nicholson.
Salary, $90 per month.
1st Assistant, Joseph F. Sallaway.
Salary, $70 per month.
2nd Assistant, Richard J. Hawkey.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ellen G. Lawson.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, September 11th, 1891;
November 23rd, 1891;
February 3rd, 1832;
March 21st, 1892;
March 25th, 1892;
May 16th, 1892.
Examined, December 1st and 2nd, 1891.
Enrolled during the year, 190.
Average monthly attendance, 166.
Average actual daily attendance, 131.56.
Report of the Principal.
"Victoria West, July,  1892.
"Sir,—I beg to present for your consideration the annual report of the Victoria West
School. During the past year, as you are aware, this school has been under the management
of the City Board of Trustees. They erected two additional and commodious rooms and
furnished each with improved patent desks and seats, sufficient in each to accommodate 54
pupils. These rooms, however, were not ready for the reception of pupils till the commencement of the second term of the school-year. The population of this part of the city is increasing so rapidly that doubtless, in the course of two or three years more, the whole of this
structure will have to be pulled down and a new and substantia] one built to replace it, so as
to meet the wants of this part of the city.
"Last December, a teacher, Mr. Hawkey, and a monitor, Miss Lawson, were added to the
teaching staff of this school, and from personal knowledge obtained by repeated visits to their 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 191
respective room, I can state, with as much pleasure as certainty, that this community has good
reason to congratulate itself in having secured the services of two such efficient and competent
teachers in every respect.
"During the winter months a great deal of sickness prevailed among the pupils, and in
consequence the attendance was not so regular as it otherwise would have been.
"The rooms of the 1st and 2nd Divisions of the school have not yet been furnished with
maps, charts, or apparatus of any kind. I have applied to the Board of Trustees for them,
and I trust they will be supplied at an early date.
" I am, (fee,
" S. D.Pope, Esq., LL.D., "Thomas Nicholson,
" Superintendent of Education." " Principal
" Victoria."
James Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Julia M. Bradley.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Christina T. Lorimer.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Annie E. Carmichael.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 4th, 1891 ;
June 8th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 237.
Average monthly attendance, 163.
Average actual daily attendance, 136.93.
■ Hillside Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Frances E. Arrowsmith until   October  31st,   1891; present  teacher,  Miss
Annie J. Monro.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Isabel M. F. Barron until June 30th, 1892; present  monitor,  Miss Sarah
J. Murton.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Sarah J. Murton until June 30th, 1892; present monitor, Miss Catherine
A. Dowler.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 4th, 1891;
June 8th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 240.
Average monthly attendance, 169.
Average actual daily attendance, 135.13.
Rock Bay Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Lucretia Horton.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Isabel R. Christie until October 31st, 1891; present monitor, Miss Frances
G. Walker.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 4th, 1891;
June 8th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 137.
Average monthly attendance, 98.
Average actual daily attendance, 73.74. Spring Ridge Ward School.
Teacher, Miss Lizzie A. Barron.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Orvilla Northcott.
Salary, $40 per month.
Monitor, Miss Ethel E. Edwards until June 30th, 1892: present  monitor,  Miss Frances
A. Smith.
Salary, $40 per month.
Examined, December 4th, 1891;
June 8th, 1892.
Enrolled during the year, 218.
Average monthly attendance, 163.
Average actual daily attendance, 129.92.
At the Christmas Examination, 1891, Emma Johnseu, a pupil of this school, having
obtained first rank at competitive examination of all the pupils of the Ward Schools, won the
prize semi-annually donated by the late Hon. Mr. Robson, Minister of Education.
At the Midsummer Examination, 1892, George William Clarke, a pupil of this school,
achieved a similar honour.
Victoria Schools.
High School, Boys' School, Girls' School, West School, James Bay Ward School, Hillside
Ward School, Rock Bay Ward School, and Spring Ridge Ward School.
Teachers, 27; monitors, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 2449.
Average monthly attendance, 1866.
Average actual daily attendance, 1528.02.
Expenditure, $26,590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $10.85.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $17.40.
The enrolment during the past year shows an increase of 349, and the average actual
daily attendance an increase of 243.34, but it is proper to state that this unusually large additional attendance was due in part to the fact that Victoria West School was included in the
city at the beginning of the past school-year.
The schools of the city, with possibly two exceptions—the High School and Rock Bay
Ward School—are in a more or less overcrowded condition. As pointed out in the last two
Annual School Reports, additional school accommodation is very much needed. Two school
buildings should be erected—one in the northern part of the city, and the other in the
southern or James Bay portion—in order to properly meet present requirement. The establishment of these schools would relieve the overcrowded condition of the Central School, and
the ward schools in the vicinity. Each building should have accommodation for eight
divisions, although all may not be required at first, and the schools should be graded similarly to
the Central and West Schools. There would thus be five graded schools in the city preparing
pupils for entrance to the High School. This additional accommodation would fully meet
present needs, and would very materially aid the work of education in the city.
At no distant date, a more commodious High School building will be required.
The attendance in the 4th and 8th divisions of the Boys' School became so large in September, 1891, that it was found necessary to appoint a monitor to assist the teacher of each
of these divisions. Miss Mina Sanderson and Miss Eliza King were appointed to these
positions.
In October, 1891, Miss E. M. Carmichael resigned as 4th assistant of the Girls' School,
and was succeeded by Miss F. E. Arrowsmith, whose position as teacher of Hillside Ward
School was filled by the appointment of Miss A. J. Monro. On the same date Miss I. R.
Christie was appointed 7th assistant in this school—Miss F. G. Walker taking her place as
monitor in Rock Bay Ward  School. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 193
Mr. R. J. Hawkey and Miss E. G. Lawson were added  to the  staff of  West  School  as ■
teacher and monitor, respectively, in December, 1891.
The attendance at James Bay, Hillside, and Spring Ridge Ward Schools increased to
such an extent as to render the appointment of a second monitor to each a necessity. Additions having been made to these school buildings, Miss A. E. Carniichael, Miss S. J. Murton,
and Miss Ethel Edwards were appointed, respectively, to fill these positions, in January, 1892.
In December, 1891, Mr. J. P. McLeod, B. A., retired from the High School, and was
succeeded in February, 1892, by Mr. William Burns, B.A., as Principal, Mr. J. H. Kerr, B.A.,
acting during January as temporary Principal.
Mr. J. F. Smith was appointed 3rd assistant in this school, in March, 1892. This change
led to the promotion of Messrs. McNeill and Doran to be 1st and 2nd Assistants, respectively,
of the Boys' School. Mr. E. H. Russell, B. A., was appointed to the 4th division of the Boys'
School.
The teachers of this city have been, on the whole, energetic and faithful in the discharge
of their duties, and, notwithstanding excess of numbers in many of the classes, the work
accomplished has been very creditable.
Wellington.
Principal, John L. McKay.
Salary, $85 per month.
1st Assistant, Miss Jennie Ramsay.
Salary, $60 per month.
2nd Assistant, Miss Sarah Ramsay.
Salary, $55 per month.
3rd  Assistant,   Miss  Nellie  G.  Wilson  until April  30th,   1892; John J. Miller, B.Sc,
until June 30th, 1892 ; present 3rd Assistant, Miss Fanny Uren.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 20th, 1891 ; present, 71 boys, 52 girls; total, 123.
May 31st, 1892; present, 93 boys, 70 girls; total, 163.
Enrolled during the year, 331.
Average monthly attendance, 237.
Average actual daily attendance, 167.56.
Expenditure, $2,733.34.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $8.25.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $16.31.
Report of the Principal.
"Wellington, July 15th, 1892.
"Sir,—I beg to report as follows on the Wellington Public  School for the year 1891-92 :
"The   opening   of   the   fourth   division   in  April   has   met   the   demand  for   increased
accommodation.
"Considering the long vacation in the summer of'91, and the necessary changes in the
working of the school since that time, I think satisfactory progress has been made.
" Permit me again to call your attention to the condition of the school-yard. It requires
grading and fencing. I cannot urge too strongly the necessity of sinking a well on the
premises.
" I remain, &c,
"J. L. McKay,
" S. D. Pope, Esq., LL.D., ■ "Principal.
" Superintendent of Education,
" Victoria, B. C"
In April, 1892, a third assistant was added to the staff. The teachers have been most
assiduous in the discharge of their duties.
The grounds require clearing and fencing, and a well is much needed. Doubtless these
matters will receive attention during the present school-year. 194
Public Schools Report.
1892
C.
Special Reports on Rural Schools.
Abhotsford.
Teacher, Miss Ella Coghlan.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 18 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.85.
Expenditure, $340.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $10.30.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $21.45.
The school in this new district was opened in January, 1892, and has thus far maintained
the average daily attendance required by Statute.
Agassiz.
Teacher, Miss Mary Wintemute until  December 31st, 1891; present teacher, Miss Mary
F. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1891 ; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 8 girls; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.58.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91   	
20
19
12.11
10.58
$14 50
31 05
|23 94
1891-92	
55 76
Alberni.
Teacher, John Howitt.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor,  Miss   Edith   S.   DeBou until  May  21st,   1892;   present monitor,  Miss Ethel
Dunkerley.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 30 boys, 19 girls ; total, 49.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.97.
Expenditure, $1,050.96.
There are two schools in this district, Alberni and Beaver Creek, under the charge of a
teacher and a monitor, respectively. 50 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                         195
The Beaver Creek  School was  closed  during  May  and June, 1892, on  account of the
resignation of the teacher.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Averagj
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1886-87	
41
47
47
51
55
49
12.02
21.18
22.57
24.00
25.53
22.97
$13 99
24 85
20 00
20 78
18 01
21 44
$47 74
37 55
41 64
42 98
38 80
45 75
1887-8S	
1888-89 	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
Aldergrove.
Teacher,   Samuel  G.   Johnston  until  June  30th,   1892; present teacher,  Miss Edith S.
DeBou.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1891 ; present, 5 boys, 9 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 17 girls; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.06.
Expenditure, $601.30.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1886-87	
21
23
31
31
39
27
15.27
9.98
12.11
13.50
13.50
11.06
9 5 34
25 02
20 64
20 64
16 41
22 27
$ 7 35
57 66  .
52 84
47 40
47 40
54 36
1887-88 	
1888-89	
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
Aldergr
Teacher, Miss Christina Shortreed until
Gordon.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 9 girl
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.74.
Expenditure, $467.42.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $19.47.
Cost of each pupil on average actual dail
The school in this new district was opem
maintained the average daily attendance requ
ove, South.
lune 30th, 1
s ; total 24.
y attendance
3d in Octobe
ired by the
892 ; present teacher, Alexander J.
, $39.81.
r, 1891, and  has thus far more than
School Act. 196
Public Schools Report.
1892
Anniedale.
Teacher, Duncan J. Welsh.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 6 girls : total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance, 8.55.
Expenditure, $190.'
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $14.61.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $22.22.
This school was opened in August, 1891, but owing to low attendance was closed during
October. It was kept in operation during the following month, but was closed after that
< late.
The school has not been re-opened during the present school-year.
Ashcroft.
Teacher, Miss S. O. King until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, John AY. H. King.
Salary, $30 per month.
Inspected September 25th, 1891 ; present, 6 boys, 11 girls ; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 18 girls ; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.75.
Expenditure, $760.
There was considerable increase in attendance during the past year.
The average attendance for the past month was over twenty.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1S91-92
Enrolment.
10
20
II
24
26
31
Average
attem
ance.
9
78
12
06
5
37
14
31
14
10
19
75
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$30
00
38
00
16
36
2!)
16
29
23
24
51
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$49 08
63 01
33 51
48 91
53 07
38 48 50  Vict.
Public Schools Report.
197
Barkerville.
Teacher, William H. Phelps.
Salary, $100 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 8 girls;  total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 19.48.
Expenditure, $1,420.
The percentage of average attendance was nearly 93,   -a record most creditable to teacher
and pupils, and one not excelled by any other school in the Province.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
1883-S4
18S4-85
1885-86
1880-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
31
32
30
28
29
33
26
21
Average
attendance.
19.55
22 50
22.47
22.92
22.14
20.70
22.44
22.07
19.48
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$45
18
38
54
44
37
46
76
50
71
48
96
43 03
54 61
67
61
Cost of
each pupil on
average
1 tendance.
$62 40
53 11
63 20
61 21
64 13
68 59
63 28
64 34
72 89
Beaver Point.
Teacher, Robert Watkin.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined April 8th and 11th, 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 6 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 6 girls ; total, 16.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.07.
Expenditure, $640.
At an examination held April 8th and 11th, 1892, Master Alfred Ruckle, a pupil of  this
school, obtained the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1885-86 	
24
25
26
24
14
18
16
18.58
16.06
14.95
13.26
11.23
13.61
12.07
$21 04
25 60
24 61
26 66
45 71
35 55
40 00
$27 18
39 85
1886-87	
1887-88 	
42 80
1888-89 	
48 26
1889-90	
56 99
1890-91	
47 02
1891-92	
53 02 198
Public Schools Report.
1892
Belmont.
Teacher,   Miss  Asenath S.   Way  until  June  30th,   1892;  present  teacher,  Samuel G.
Johnston.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected August 29th, 1891 ; present, 10 boys, 10 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 20 girls; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
' Average actual daily attendance, 19.23.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil since the
establishment of the school :— -
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupii on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
36
40
17.67
19.23
$15 00
16 00
$30 56
1891-92 	
33 28
Bigger Prairie (Lochiel).
Teacher, Miss Harriet Isaac until April 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, William F. Smeeton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected August 28th, 1891 ; present, 5 boys, 8 girls ; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 10 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 9 52.
Expenditure, $540.
The school was closed in April, 1892, on account of failure to maintain the required
average daily attendance, and was not re-opened until the beginning of the present school-
year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
1890-91 .
1891-92 ,
Enrolment.
25
22
, Cost of
m.-  j each pupil on
attendance, i *j  r   .
enrolment.
12.16
9.52
$23 60
24 54
Cost of
each pupif on
average
attendance.
$48 51
56 72 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
199
Boundary Bay.
Teacher, Richard L. Laffere until February 29th, 1892.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 3 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.22.
Expenditure, $185.48.
The school was opened in December, 1891, and continued in operation until the end of
February, 1892, when it was closed on account of low attendance. It has not been re-opened
since that date.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
En
•olment.
1886-87 	
26
29
26
23
28
17
1887-88   	
1888-89	
1889-90  	
1890-91 	
1891-92   	
Average
attendance.
15.91
10.30
10.40
9.07
11.13
9.22
Cost of
each pupii on
enrolment.
|17 99
22 06
22 69
22 02
19 28
10 91
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance
$29 40
62 13
56 73
55 86
48 51
20 11
Brownsville.
Teacher,  Miss Martha  S.  Miller until June 30th,   1892 ; present teacher, Miss Ellen
Lister.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 10 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.29.
Expenditure, $312.58.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.62.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $27.68
The school in this new district was opened in January, 1892. 200
Public Schools Report.
1892
Burgoyne Bay.
Teacher, Alfred W. Cooke.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 7th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 11  girls; total 20.
April 8th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 8 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 15 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.70.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is
past nine years:—-
list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
1883-84 .
1884-85 .
1885-86 .
1886-87 .
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90 .
1890-91
1891-92
Year.
Enrolment.
31
36
25
27
26
28
31
30
28
Aver
age
attend
ance.
16
33
19
07
17
44
16
97
15
42
18.03
19.59
17
90
17
70
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$20 64
17 43
25 60
24 40
26 92
22 85
19 59
21 33
22 85
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$39 19
32 91
36 70
38 82
45 39
35 49
31 02
35 75
30 15
Burton's Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Ellen Lister until November 30th, 1891; present  teacher,   Miss  Margaret
McGregor.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 25th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 6 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 12 girls; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.09.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
Enrolment.       ,,     , °
j attendance.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
22
27
27
30
28
23
39
37
36
13.72
17.58
16.72
14.70
14.25
13.43
19.39
20.06
17.09
!
Cost of
each pupii on
enrolment.
$28 53
23 51
23 70
21 33
22 85
27 82
16 41
16 69
17 77
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$45 76
36 11
38 28
43 54
44 91
47 65
33 00
30 79
37 44 36 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
201
Cache Creek.
Although a Boarding School was maintained here for many years, yet the boundaries of
the district were not defined until May, 1892.
At the beginning of the present school-year, Mrs. E. B McLellan was appointed to take
charge of the school in this rural district. At the present time a satisfactory attendance is
being maintained.
Cadboro.
Teacher, Miss A. V. Harrison until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Angus Galbraith
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 28th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 19 girls; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.84.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil  since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupii on
average
attendance.
1885-86 	
34
40
39
35
21
25
37
14.07
15.37
13.07
16.53
12.00
13.78
15.84
$18 63
16 00
16 41
18 28
29 29
24 56
17 29
$45 03    -
1886-87 	
41 64
1887-88 	
48 96
1888-89	
38 71
1889-90 	
51 26
1890-91 	
44 55
1891-92   	
40 40
Canoe Pass (Westham).
Teacher, John J. Stephenson until March 31st, 1892; present teacher, Duncan J. Welsh.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1891; present, 9 boys, 5 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 5 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.98.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
24
24
27
36
30
29
27
20
Average
attendance.
11.21
14.06
10.48
11.04
18.27
12.39
13.06
13.98
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$15 99
26 67
16 71
16 38
14 61
22 07
21 70
32 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$34 24
45 52
43 04
53 44
23 99
51 65
44 87
45 77 202
Public Schools Report.
1892
Cedar Hill.
Teacher, Robert Landells, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, March 28th, 1892; present, 11 boys, 9 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 23 girls; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.77.
Expenditure, $760.
The average daily attendance does not compare favourably with the enrolment for the
year. Under ordinary circumstances, a much larger average attendance might reasonably be
expected.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
30
44
50
56
45
43
41
57
44
Average
attendance.
15.62
19.05
23.81
26.10
26.36
25.10
24.09
26.84
17.77
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
|29 33
19 86
15 20
13 57
16 88
17 67
18 53
13 33
17 27
Cost of
each pupii on
average
attendance.
$56 33
45 89
31 92
29 12
28 83
30 27
31 54
28 31
42 76
Cedar, North.
Teacher, Miss J. A. L. Dougherty until August 21st,  1891 ; Miss Annabella McKenzie
until December 31st, 1892; present teacher, Miss Anna L. Stewart.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, May 30th, 1892 ; present, 15 boys, 7 girls ; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 26 boys, 22 girls ; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 37.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.88.
Expenditure, $640.
There was considerable increase in attendance during the past year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
36
36
42
40
37
37
39
43
48
A Cost of
Average , .,
attendance.   each suPd °n
enrolment.
18.24
21.80
22.72
22.02
20.62
21.24
22.88
21.40
27.88
$17 70
18 59
15 95
17 50
18 91
17 29
16 20
14 65
13 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$34 95
30 70
29 48
31 79
33 94
30 13
27 62
29 45
22 95 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
203
Cedar, South.
Teacher, Miss Lena B. Fr'eeman.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, May 30th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 7 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 14 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.68.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
1883-84 .
1884-85 .
1885-S6 ,
1886-87 .
1887-88 ,
18S8-89
1S89-90 ,
1890-91
1891-92 ,
Year.
Enrolment.
17
24
23
23
24
21
25
23
23
Average
attendance.
12.38
13.76
15.90
16.21
13.66
13.16
14.09
12.50
12.68
1
Cost of
each pupil on:
enroiment.
$37 64
26 30
27 83
27 33
25 05
30 47
24 76
26 95
27 82
Cost of
each pupii on
average
attendance.
$51 69
45 88
40 25
38 78
44 01
48 63
43 93
49 58
50 47
Centreville.
Teacher, William M. Wood.
Salary, $70 per month.
Monitor, Miss Frances G. Walker until October 31st, 1891 ; present monitor, Miss Jessie
A. Black.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, August 24th, 1891 ; present, 37 boys, 29 girls; total, 66.
August 26th, 1891; present, 34 boys, 28 girls; total, 62.
Enrolled during the year, 65 boys, 58 girls ; total, 123.
Average monthly attendance, 75.
Average actual daily attendance, 56.81.
Expenditure, $1,440.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
78
71
75
75
81
81
107
102
123
38.75
36.22
40.48
45.54
44.32
42.12
53.00
52.96
56.81
$12 80
14 64
13 33
13 33
14 50
14 44
11 21
12 94
11 70
$25 76
1884-85 	
1885-86	
28 71
24 70
1886-87 	
21 96
1887-88	
1888-89 	
26 51
28 01
1889-90 	
22 64
1890-91 	
24 92
1891-92 	
25 34 204
Public Schools Report.
1892
Che am.
Teacher, Nicholas E. Hopkins.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected August 25th, 1891 ; present, 13 boys, 21 girls: total, 34.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 26 girls ; total, 53.
Average monthly attendance, 36.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.31.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
■40
37
47
51
52
59
73
59
53
Average
attendance.
15 18
21.01
20.03
25.43
27.18
23.79
35.36
26.98
25.31
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$25 60
17 30
13 62
12 55
12 30
U 86
9 59
11  86
13 20
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$42
16
29
62
31
95
25
17
23
54
29
42
19
76
25
94
27
65
Chemainus.
Teacher, Miss Sarah J. Murton until December 31st, 1891 ; present teacher, Robert  H.
Allan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 6th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 6 girls : total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 8 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.22.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84 	
30
27
20
24
28
26
21
21
18
7.95
10.61
10.01
11.06
11.42
12.42
11,34
11.26
11.22
$20 67
23 46
32 00
26 66
22 85
22 69
28 09
29 30
35 55
$78 01
1884-85	
59 71
1885-86   	
63 94
1886-87 	
57 86
1887-88	
56 04
1888-89	
47 50
1889-90	
52 02
1890-91	
54 66  .
1891-92	
57 04 5G Vict.
Public Schools Report.
205
Chemainus Landing.
Teacher, Robert Telford.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected. April 6th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 8 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 12 girls ; total, 27.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.73.
Expenditure, $640."
At semi-annual examination, held in Victoria December 1st and 2nd, 1891, the following
pupils of this school passed the standard required for admission to a High School :—
Master Edmund Conway,
Miss Mary Alice Conway.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:-—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91                	
19
27
S2S 94
$35 36
1891-92   	
14.73               23 70
43 44
Chilliwhack.
Teacher, Mrs. J. Templer.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1891 ; present, 8 boys, 18 girls; total, 26.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 30 girls; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 35.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.02.
Expenditure, $700.
At semi-annual examination, held in New Westminster on December 1st and 2nd, 1891,
Miss Caroline Louisa Webb, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84	
25
26
31
38
41
32
33
38
48
1884-85	
1885-86 	
1886-87 	
1887-88 	
1888-89 	
1889-90 	
1890-91	
1891-9-2 	
Average
attendance.
17
85
18.03
17
95
17
81
20
17
17
20
19.99
26.26
29
02
Cost
of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$13
51
23
65
20
65
16 84
15
60
20
00
19
39
18
42
14
58
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$18 92
34 11
35 65
35 93
31 73
37 20
32 01
26 65
24 12 206
Public Schools Report,
1892
Chilliwhack, East.
Teacher, Mrs. M. J. Branick until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, Miss  Clara  Noble.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1891 ; present, 10 boys, 18 girls ; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 23 girls ; total, 43.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.27.
Expenditure, $640.
The school in this comparatively new district has thus far maintained  a  very  creditable
attendance.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 .... 	
1891-92 	
36
43
22.81
29.27
$15 00
.14 88
$23 67
21 86
Clayton.
Teacher, David McLennan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1891; present, 4 boys, 11 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 16 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.21.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupii on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
23
25
11.76
12.21
$25 65
23 60
$50 17
48 32
1891-92 	 5G Vict.
Public Schools Report.
207
Clinton.
Teacher, Miss Adelaide S. Bailey.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 6 girls ; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.52.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years : —
Year
Enrolment.        ,.      ,  °
attendance.
1883-84    ■ 22
1884-85 j 19
1885-80 ! 18
1886-87 : 15
1887-88 , 24
1888-89 ; 27
1889-90 1 16
1890-91 ! 17
1891-92 i 22
11.30
10.55
9.81
8.81
10.94
11.45
10.60
10.62
10.52
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$34 54
39 74
42 22
40 80
31 03
28 14
47 50
44 70
34 54
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$67 25
71 56
77 47
69 46
68 07
66 37
71 69
71 56
72 24
Clover Valley.
Teacher, William McDonagh until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Robert D. Irvine.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1891; present, 5 boys, 7 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 18 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 2l.
Average actual daily attendance, 16.03.
Expenditure, $640.
There was a noticeable increase in attendance during the past year.
Thus far during the present year, there has been a more marked increase in attendance.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
1883-84
1884-85
.1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
22
29
29
31
26
27
37
27
33
, Cost of
Average h        u Qn
attendance. i       ±
enrolment.
11.00
11.28
13.80
13.49
12.69
11.82
11.28
10.50
16.03
$29 06
22 07
22 07
20 64
24 61
23 70
17 29
23 70
19 39
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$58 13
56 74
46 38
47 44
50 43
54 14
56 73
60 95
39 92 208
Public Schools Report.
1892
Coldstream.
Teacher, William Sivewright.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 2 girls ; total, 1 2.
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance. 10.66.
Expenditure, $190.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.83.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $17.82.
This school was opened in April, 1892.
At the present time there are fourteen pupils in attendance.
Colwood.
Teacher, Duncan Ross until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, George H. Martin.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, March 30th, 1892 ; present, 6 boys, 4 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 13 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.44.
Expenditure, $640.
On account of the prevalence of an epidemic the school was closed during December, 1891.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
24
22
26
22,
23
26
31
23
24
Average
attendance.
14.76
15.13
14.74
12.21
12.94
16.90
12.47
12.94
10.44
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$24
56
28
90
24
62
29
09
27
82
24
61
20 64
27
23
26
66
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$39 94
42 02
43 42
52 41
49 45
37 87
51 32
48 40
61 30
■ 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
209
Comox, North.
Teacher, Fenwick W. Robbins.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 21 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.02.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :-—
1883-84.
1884-85 ,
1885-86
1SS6-87
1887-88 ,
1SS8-89 ,
1889-90 ,
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
30
33
29
3!)
4,i
60
60
63
46
. Cost of
Average , .,
,.      ,   ° each pupil on
attendance. \   '    ,
,   enrolment
12.30
13.93
13.76
14.26
17.73
25.57
27.81
34.17
21.02
620 05
19 39
22 07
15 16
13 91
10 66
10 66
11 II
16 52
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$48 S9
45 94
46 51
41  46
36 09
25 02
23 01
20 48
36 15
Comox, South.
Teacher, Miss Ella Coghlan until December 31st, 1891 ; Miss Mary D. Skinner until June
30th, 1892.
Salary, $55 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 22 boys, 14 girls ; total, 36.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.33.
Expenditure, $700.
The  trustees  have failed  thus  far during the   present  school-year to appoint   a   duly
certificated teacher.
There is a good prospect that the school will be re-opened after the Christmas holidays.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
13.05
14.93
16.49
18.07
24.24
24.28
20.17
21.33
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1884-85 	
23
21
29
37
43
35
34
36
$29 73
33 33
21 33
17 29
14 43
18 28
20 58
19 44
$52 39
1885-86	
46 89
1886-87 	
37 50
18S7-88 	
35 41
1888-89	
25 60
1889-90	
26 35
1890-91	
34 70
1891-92 	
32 81 210
Public Schools Report.
1892
Courtenay.
Teacher, James Sutherland  until August 31st, 1892 ; present teacher, James A. Halliday.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.29.
Expenditure, $607.75.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
1885-86 ,
1886-87
1887-88 ,
1888-89 ,
1889-90
1890-91 ,
1891-92
Enrolment.
19
19
24
19
18
19
22
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
12.92 $32 01
11.80
13.51
11.49
10.62
12.26
15.29
33 68
26 66
33 68
35 55
33 68
27 62
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$47 08
54 23
47 37
55 70
60 26
52 20
39 74
Cowichan, South.
Teacher, Miss Mina Sanderson until September 30th, 1891 ;  Mrs. Ella B. McLellan until
June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, Miss Mary C. Mclntyre.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 4th, 1892 ; present, 5 boys, 7 girls;  total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 5 boys, 7 girls ; total, 12.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Avery actual daily attendance, 10.52.
Expenditure, $390.
The school was not in operation from September 30th, 1891, to March 1st, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1885-86
1886-87
.1887-88
1S88-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
25
12.34
30
12.12
36
12.62
35
12.61
25
10.23
15
10.80
12
10.52
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$12 80
21 33
17 41
18 28
25 60
41 39
32 50
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$25 93
52 80
49 69
50 75
62 56
57 49
37 07 50 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
211
Craigflower.
Teacher, Robert C. Johnston until January 17th, 1892; E. R. Mulder until June 30th,
1892 ; present teacher, Samuel Shepherd.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, February 25th, 1892 ; present, 4 boys, 8 girls ; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 28 girls ; total, 45.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.64.
Expenditure, $760.
At the  semi-annual  examination,   held  in Victoria June 1st and 2nd, 1892, Miss Alice
Porter, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
42
30
34
43
47
45
40
44
45
22.94
18.66
18.04
23.05
24 88
28.53
24.18
20.01
23.64
$18 15
24 69
24 12
19 07
16 17
16 88
19 00
17 27
16 88
$33 24
1S84-85 	
39 70
1885-86 	
1886-87 	
45 45
35 57
1887-88 	
30 54
1888-89	
26 63
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
31 43
37 98
1891-92    	
32 14
Denman Island.
Teacher, Miss Edith A. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 12 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.87.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and  cost of  each  pupil  during
the past seven years :
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1885-86 	
16
15
17
25
19
21
22
12.26
11.57
11.48
13.82
12.86
13.11
10.87
$12 34
41 05
37 64
25 60
33 68
30 47
26 81
$16 10
53 22
1886-87	
1887-88 	
1888-89	
55 74
46 30
1889-90	
49 76
1890 91   .....
48 81
1891-92	
54 27 212
Public Schools Report.
1892
Departure Ray.
Teacher, Miss Catherine J. Thomas.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 20th, 1891 ; present, 11 boys, 10 girls; total, 21.
May 31st, 1892 ; present, 14 boys, 6 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 17 girls ; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.48.
Expenditure, $690.
The average daily attendance at  this  school   during   the  present  year  shows  a   marked
improvement.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
L-      i                  Average
Enrolment.        ..      ,  &
attendame.
20 13.47
29                    13.23
21 12.51
26                    13.41
40                    18.95
48                    17.70
40                   21.48
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1885-86	
$ 9 87
22 07
30 47
24 61
13 91
11  42
.,.
SI4 66
1886-87 	
1887-88	
1888-89   	
1889-90 	
48 37
51  15
47 72
33 77
1890-91	
1891-92	
30 97
32 12
Donald.
Teacher, Wesley A. Blair.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 17th, 1891 ; present, 4 boys, 7 girls ;
September 18th, 1891 ; present, 4 boys, 8 girls
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 16 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.17.
Expenditure, $760.
total, 11.
total, 12.
The following is a list of enrolment, average
establishment of the school:—
3 attendance, and cost of each pupil  since the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1887-88	
1888-89	
38
34
28
25
28
20.37
14.88
11.01
14.74
13.17
$18 42
21 95
30 38
30 40
27 14
$34 36
50 16
1889-90	
77 26
1890-91	
51 56
1891-92	
57 70 56' Vict.
Public Schools Report.
213
Dunach.
Teacher, Robert J. Douglas until August 31st, 1892 ; present teacher, Norman McLeod.
Salary, $*0 per month.
Examined, April 26th and 27th, 1892 ; present 5 boys, 10 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 14 girls ; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.48.
Expenditure, $390.'
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $21.10.
At examination held April 26th and 27th, 1892,  Miss Nora M. Coghlan, a pupil of this
school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
Duncan.
Teacher, Richard J. Hawkey, until November 30th, 1891 ;  Miss Alice M. Haldon,  until
June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, James E. Norcross.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 5th, 1892 ; present, 8 boys, 20 girls ; total, 28.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 25 girls ; total, 40.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.01.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $14.75.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $25.64.
The school in this new district was opened in August,  1891, and a very good average
attendance has been maintained thus far.
Enderby.
Teacher, James E. Norcross, until June 30th, 1892; present teacher. Miss Jane Caldwell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 22nd, 1891 ; present, 11 boys, 13 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 16 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.02.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
17.85
15.45
20.28
20.02
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89 	
29
27
34
33
$24 13
28 14
22 35
23 03
$39 21
1889-90	
42 71
1890-91 ...                         	
37 47
1891-92	
37 96 214
Public Schools Report.
1892
English.
Teacher, Isaac N. Mathers, until October 31st, 1892.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1891 ; present, 8 boys, 8 girls ; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 13 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.16.
Expenditure, $590.
During the present school-year,  the average daily attendance required by the School Act
not having been maintained, the school was closed on October 31st, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil  since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1887-88	
13
27
31
21
33
8.95
11.43
13.38
9.97
10.16
$16 65
21 85
16 83
18 25
17 87
$24 18
1888-89	
51 61
1889-90 	
38 99
1890-91 	
38 44
1891-92               	
58 07
Esquimalt.
Teacher,   Edward B.   Paul,  M. A.,  until  August  31st,  1892;   present teacher,  James'
Sutherland.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, February 25th, 1892; present, 10 boys, 13 girls; total, 23.
March 25th, 1892 ; present, 9 boys, 14 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 23 boys, 25 girls ; total, 48.
Average monthly attendance, 33.
Average actual daily attendance, 26.92.
Expenditure,
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
69
59
70
67
55
46
42
59
48
Average
attendance.
35.51
29.25
39.13
39.21
27.05
28.50
23.99
37.27
26.92
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$11 79
15 27
12 57
13 13
16 00
19 13
20 95
14 91
18 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$22 92
30 79
22 49
22 44
32 53
30 87
36 68
23 61
32 68 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
215
Gabriola, South.
Teacher, R. J. Douglas until September 30th, 1891; present teacher, Michael McKinnon,
M. A.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 7 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.37.
Expenditure, $640.
Owing to illness of the teacher, the school was closed during January and February, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment
1883-84	
20
16
17
25
21
18
24
27
23
1884-85	
1885-86	
1886-87	
1887-88	
1888-89	
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92	
Average
attendance.
15.07
11.92
13.53
13.03
13.28
12.31
14.05
12.94
13.37
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.   |
$32 00
40
33
37
65
24
69
30 47
34
57
26
66
23
70
27
82
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$42 40
54 13
47 30
47 38
48 19
50 54
45 55
49 45
47 86
Genoa.
Monitor, Miss Alice Blake until June 30th, 1892; present monitor, Magnus   Henderson.
Salary, $30 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 4 boys, 15 girls ; total, 19.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.10.
Expenditure, $230.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $12.10.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $20.72.
This school  was opened  in  November,   1891,  under authority granted in the  "Public
School Act, 1891,"—sub-section 4 of section 6. 216                                           Public Schools Report.                                          1892
Glenwood.
Teacher, Francis J. McKenzie.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1891 ; present, 6 boys, 9 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 12 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.34.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
23
23
10.81
11.34
$24 64
27 82
$52 04
56 43
1891-92 	
Golden.
Teacher, Miss  Ida M. Carmichael  until April  30th,   1892 ; present teacher,  Miss Mary
Lucas.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 17th, 1891 ; present, 2 boys, 9 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 6 boys, 17 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.43.
Expenditure, $700.
The attendance at this school thus far during the present year shows marked improvement.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance
1888-89	
11
14
19
23
9.00
9.24
12 02
11.43
$ 7 91
45 20
40 00
30 43
$ 9 67
68 49
63 22
61 24
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92 	 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
217
Gordon Head.
Teacher,  Miss  Marion  Gordon until  October  31st,   1892;   present teacher,  James  B.
Ganton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, January 12th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 5 girls; total, 14.
Inspected, March 28th, 1892 ; present, 10 boys, 4 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.83.
Expenditure, $552.90.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.13.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $34.92.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1891.    It has maintained a fair
attendance up to the present time.
Grand Prairie.
Teacher, Robert H. Carscadden.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 23rd, 1891 ; present, 7 boys, 13 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.59.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
20
20
23
24
Average
attendance.
14.94
15.81
18.26
17.59
Cost of
each pupil on
\ r   . average
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
attendance.
$33 93
38 00
33 04
31 66
$45 42
48 07
41 62
43 20 218
Public Schools Report.
1892
Hall's Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Caroline McLellan.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 1st, 1891 ; present, 3 boys, 6 girls; total, 9.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 13 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.26.
Expenditure, $600.
On account of low attendance, chiefly arising from prevalence of an epidemic, it was found
necessary, on December 22nd, 1892, to close the school for a few months.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
28
28
30
28
27
25
25
Average
attendance.
18.33
20.39
14.78
12.68
11.64
11.03
10.26
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$24 64
22 86
21 33
22 85
23 70
24 42
24 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$37 64
31 39
43 30
50 47
54 98
55 36
58 47
Haney.
Teacher, Ephraim J. Buck until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Miss Jessie Kirkendall.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 21st, 1891 ; present, 16 boys, 8 girls ; total 24.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 17 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.80.
Expenditure, $700.
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on December 1st and 2nd, 1891,
Master Jeremiah Haney, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1888-89	
44
20.81
22.06
22.81
21.80
$13 40
15 23
13 91
15 21
$28 04
29 01
1889-90     	
42
46
46
1890-91 	
1891-92   	
28 05
32 11 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
219
Hatzic.
Teacher, Miss Anna L. Stewart until October 31st, 1891.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection
Enrolled during the year, 3 boys, 7 girls; total, 10.
Average monthly attendance, 10.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.06.
Expenditure, $186.13.
The school was-closed October 31st, 1891, on account of failure to maintain the average
daily attendance required by Statute.
It is not now in operation.
The following is a list of enrolment,
establishment of the school:—
average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
14
19
10
9.51
10.03
7.06
$21 94
29 45
18 61
$32 29
1890-91 ..           	
55 79
1891-92	
26 36
Hope.
Teacher,  Miss  Martha S.  Miller until  December 31st,  1891 ; John W. H. King until
June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Miss Sara O. King.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 1st, 1891; present, 7 boys, 9 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 16 girls; total 26.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.76.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is
the past nine years :—
list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of  each  pupil during
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84 ,	
31
26
36
38
34
37
37
31
26
13.75
10.90
14.17
13.78
17.58
16.41
17.27
16.63
15.76
$15 39
23 98
17 78
16 53
17 35
16 77
17 29
20 64
24 61
$34 71
1884-85   	
57 20
1885-86	
45 17
1886-87	
45 60
1887-88 	
33 56
1888-89	
37 82
1889-90	
37 05
1890-91 	
38 48
1891-92 	
40 60 220
Public Schools Report.
RS92
Hornby.
Teacher, Miss Sara A. Williams.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 10 boys, 10 girls ; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.16.
Expenditure, $202.22.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $10.11.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $14.28.
The school in this new district was opened in March, 1892, and has continued in operation up to the present time, but the Trustees have decided to close the school, after the
Christmas holidays, until March, 1893.
Howe Sound.
Teacher, William A. Graham.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 13 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.21.
Expenditure, $572.51.  .
On account of the prevalence of an epidemic, the school was closed during June, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
23
26
14.77
14.21
$13 73
22 01
$21 38
1891-92 	
40 28
Junction.
Teacher, Miss Belle Dixon.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys,
Average monthly attendance, 11.
Average actual daily attendance,
Expenditure, $540.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment,
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $54.71.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1891.
5 girls; total, 14.
9.87.
3.57. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
221
Kensington.
Teacher, Miss Mary McDowell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 31st, 1891 ; present, 8 boys, 5 girls; total, 13.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 11 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.46.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1887-88 	
20
17
16
28
24
14.54
13.28
10.81
11.57
11.46
$27 24
34 70
40 00
22 85
26 66
$37 47
1888-89   	
44 42
1889-90	
59 20
1890 91 	
55 31
1891-92	
55 84
Lake.
Teacher, William Tomlinson.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 28th, 1891 ; present, 12 boys; 12 girls; total, 24.
May 25th, 1892; present, 11 boys, 7 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 17 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.00.
Expenditure, $760.
At the semi-annual examination held in Victoria, June 1st and 2nd, 1892, Master
Adirine Vandyne Belyea, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during
the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84 	
27
32
17
19
24
30
33
38
34
1884-85	
1885-86	
1886-87 	
1887-88	
1888-S9 	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
Average
attendance
13.18
13.12
11.22
12.12
15.62
17.14
21.95
23.89
22.00
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$22 72
21 59
37 65
33 68
26 66
21 33
19 39
20 00
22 35
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$46 54
52 65
57 04
52 80
40 97
37 33
29 15
31 81
34 54 222
Public Schools Report.
1892
Langley.
Teacher, Eli J. Campbell until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, John Wright.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 27th, 1892; present, 13 boys, 8 girls; total, 21.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 15 girls ; total, 35.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.04.
Expenditure, $640.
At the semi-annual examination held in New Westminster, June 1st and 2nd, 1892,
Master Henry Lawson Carter, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each  pupil  during
■ the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
46
39
37
30
28
31
32
32
35
16.56
13.58
13.94
12.90
14.53
14.24
15.70
15.18
17.04
$15 34
17 82
20 54
25 33
22 85
20 64
20 00
20 00
18 28
$42 62
1884-85	
51 17
1885-86	
54 52
1886-87 	
58 91
1887-88               	
44 04
1888-89                                	
44 94
1889-90	
40 76
1890-91 	
42 16
1891-92 	
37 55
Langley, East.
Teacher, Miss Ada J. Williams until November 30th, 1891; Duncan J. Welsh until
December 31st, 1891 ; Frank Canfleld until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, Mrs.
Calista Gibson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 27th, 1892; present, 7 boys, 5 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 10 girls ; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.98.
Expenditure, $498.07.
This school was closed during January, February, and part of March, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90	
1890-91 	
16
20
17
11.18
11.41
10.98
$17 98
27 40
29 29
$25 73
48 03
1891-92	
45 36 56 Vict.
Public; Schools Report.
223
Lansdowne.
Teacher,  Miss Minnie H.  Macrae until June 30th,  1892 ; present teacher, Miss Jane
Caldwell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 22nd, 1891; present, 10 boys, 8 girls ; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 10 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.98.
Expenditure, $700.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $.30.43.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $46.72.
The school in this new district was opened ill August, 1891.
Lillooet.
Teacher, Mrs. A. J. Colbeck.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 12 girls; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.25.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-80
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
29
24
20
20
23
18
18
29
24
Average
attendance.
14.84
11.74
10.34
11.51
11 27
10.17
8.85
15.32
15.25
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$26 96
31 77
34 37
38 00
30 43
38 88
35 55
24 13
31 66
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$52'69
64 94
66 49
66 03
62 11
68 82
72 31
45 69
49 83 224
Public Schools Report.
1892
Lulu.
Teacher, William T. Kinney.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 3rd, 1891 ; present, 10 boys, 14 girls; total, 24.
September 4th, 1891 ; present, 9 boys, 15 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 22 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.00.
Expenditure, $640.'
The  increase  in  average  daily attendance  at this school has been very marked.    The
average attendance during the past month was 26.66.
At the semi-annual examination held in Vancouver, December 1st and 2nd, the following-
pupils of this school obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School:—
Master Wilber Hall Garratt,
Miss Frances Sexsmith.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1S83-84	
27
28
24
37
22
38
28
34
38
12.73
11.90
10.08
13.34
9.09
16.20
11.71
10.86
20.00
$25 81
25 56
29 17
18 51
28 18
19 21
22 85
18 82
16 84
$54 74
1884-85	
60 15
1885-86	
69 44
1886-87   	
51 34
1887-88	
68 20
1888-89	
45 06
1889-90	
54 65
1890-91	
58 93
1891-92 	
32 00
Lytton.
Teacher, Miss Millie Pickard.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 30th, 1891 ; present, 12 boys, 2 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 8 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.46.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years : —
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
31
23
23
25
30
28
27
27
28
19.85
15.31
12.99
15.56
17.34
17.67
16.11
14 42
14.46
$24 52
32 51
33 04
30 40
25 33
27 14
28 14
28 14
27 14
$38 29
1884-85	
1885-S6   	
4S 85
58 51
1886-87                         	
48 84
1887-88   	
43 82
1888-89 ..                                     	
43 01
1889-90	
47 17
1890-91	
52 70
1891-92	
52 55 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
225
Maple Bay'.
Teacher, Miss Edith M. N. Lettice.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 5th, 1892; present, 6 boys,  7 girls; total, 13
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 9 girls; total, 20.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.72.
Expenditure, $640.
On account of the presence of a contagious disease, the school was closed during November and December, 1892.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84     	
24
21
21
22
19
26
23
23
20
10.81
10.47
9.97
10.50
10.75
11.55
11.11
10.31
10.72
$30 91
33 92
23 33
27 57
33 68
24 61
27 82
27 82
32 00
$68 64
1884-85                        	
68 05
1885-86         	
49 15
1886-87	
1887-88	
57 78
59 53
1888-89 ..                    	
55 41
1889-90        	
57 00
1890-91 .	
62 07
1891-92   	
59 70
Maple Ridge.
Teacher, Paul Murray.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, August 21st, 1891 ; present, 20 boys, 9 girls; total, 29.
Enrolled during the year, 28 boys, 18 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 34.
Average actual daily attendance, 27.8 j.
Expenditure, $880.
At  the semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on June 1st and 2nd, 1892,
the following pupils of this school passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Miss Jennie Trembath, Master Peter Duncan McTavish,
Master Donald Neal McTavish, Master Joseph John Kibble.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84	
73
07
65
59
60
51
57
60
46
1884-85	
1885-86	
1886-87 	
1887-88 	
1888-89                 	
1889-90 	
1890-91                      	
1891-92   	
Average
attendance.
30.87
28.20
35.52
30.58
29.19
27.63
31.39
29.90
27.86
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$10 41
11 34
13 54
14 91
14 66
17 25
15 44
14 66
19 13
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$24 61
26 95
24 77
28 77
30 14
31 84
28 03
29 43
31 58 226
Public Schools Report
1892
Mayne Island.
Teacher, Mrs. Elsie N. Patterson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 15 girls; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.33.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and  cost  of each  pupil  during
the past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84 	
30
2S
29
23
21
33
23
20
28
19.38
16 16
17.07
14.38
14.68
18.83
14.95
10.88
13.33
$16 50
22 79
23 45
30 43
33 33
21 21
30 43
18 05
22 85
$25 54
1884-85	
39 49
1885-86	
39 84
1886-87 	
48 67
1887-88       	
47 68
1888-89 	
37 17
1889-90 	
46 82
1890-91	
33 19
1891-92	
48 01
Metciiosin.
Teacher, Dawson H. Elliott.
Salary, $50 per month,
Examined, March 30th and 31st, 1892; present, 6 boys, 4 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 5 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.40.
Expenditure, $559.35.
At examination held March 30th and 31st, 1892, Miss Mabel Gertrude Clark, a pupil of
this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84*	
18
22
20
20
18
14
19
17
18
1884-85* 	
1885-86* 	
1886-87* 	
1887-88	
1888-89	
1889-90 	
1890-91   	
1891-92              	
Avei
age
attendance.
10.40
15
31
13
14
15
11
10.21
11
40
10.69
11
65
11
40
1
Cost of
Cost ot     i      , .,
, .,       each pupa on
each pupil on *   r
\ v average
enrolment. , s
attendance.
Si35 79
31 28
36 17
37 20
36 66
40 87
33 68
32 02
31 07
$61 94
44 95
55 06
49 23
64 64
50 19
59 87
46 72
49 06
"Including Rocky Point. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
227
Moodyville.
Teacher, Thomas E. Knapp.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, April 30th, 1892; present, 15 boys, 9 girls; total, 24.
Enrolled during the year, 25 boys, 19 girls; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 28.
Average actual daily attendance, 21.92.
Expenditure, $700.
At semi-annual examination held in Vancouver, December 1st and 2nd, 1891, Miss Alice
Smith, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
40
37
39
41
34
39
34
36
44
Average
attendance.
18.91
17.85
20.22
19.52
18.12
13.42
16.63
20.18
21.92
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 81
19 85
17 95
15 73
20 58
17 94
20 59
19 44
15 90
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$37 68
41 14
34 62
33 04
38 63
52 16
42 09
34 6S
31 93
Mountain.
Teacher, Miss Mabel Bryant until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Alfred J. Pearsall.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Elizabeth Murray until June 30th, 1892; present monitor, Miss Maud M.
R. Walker.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 20th, 1891; present, 33 boys, 23 girls; total, 56.
May 31st, 1892; present, 32 boys, 18 girls; total, 50.
Enrolled during the year, 85 boys, 61 girls; total, 146.
Average monthly attendance, 78.
Average actual daily attendance, 51.11.
Expenditure, $1,280.
At semi-annual examination held in Nanaimo, December 1st and 2nd, 1891, Miss Margaret
Boyd Webster, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
1887-88	
32
66
81
187
146
17.01
34.25
39.36
57.67
51.11
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$13 81
9 69
7 90
4 09
8 76
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$25 98
18 68
16 26
13 26
25 04 228
Public Schools Report.
1892
Mount Lehman.
Teacher, James R. McLeod.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 26th, 1892; present, 8 boys, 12 girls; total, 20.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 27 girls; total, 44.
Average monthly attendance, 25.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.49.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
1884-85
18S5-86
1886-87
1887 88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
27
36
34
26
31
33
34
44
Average
attendance.
14.13
14.54
15.08
14.26
15.71
15.35
20.05
20.49
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$18 24
17 78
18 82
24 61
20 64
19 39
18 82
14 54
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$34 86
44 02
42 44
44 88
40 73
41 69
31 92
31 23
Mud Bay.
Teacher, Thomas Leith.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected September 1st, 1891 ; present, 8 boys, 11 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 17 boys, 16 girls; total, 33.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.60.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84   	
34
29
22
25
39
43
31
39
33
13.70
13.03
11.48
11.99
16.98
14.61
11.33
12.79
15.60
$15 59
22 07
24 55
25 40
16 41
14 88
18 92
15 12
19 39
$38 69
1884-85	
49  12
18S5-86	
47 04
1886-87	
52 96
1887-88	
37 69
1888-89 	
43 80
1889-90	
51 77
1890-91	
46 13
1891-92   	
41 02 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
22 9
Nanoose.
Teacher, Miss Mary F. Halliday until December  31st,   1892; H.   Pottmeyer  until May
31st, 1892; present teacher, Miss Lizzie M. Speers.
Salary,  $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 4 boys, 12 girls; total 16.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.79.
Expenditure, $361.58.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $22.59.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $33.51.
The school in this new district was  opened in  October,   1891,   and  was  closed  during
January and June, 1892.    It was not re-opened until October, 1892.
Nelson.
Teacher, Miss Sarah J. Rath until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Miss Stella Kane.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 16 girls ; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 22.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.75.
Expenditure, $580.'
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $15.67.
Cost of each pupil on. average actual daily attendance, $36.82.
The school was opened in October, 1891.    The district was created in April, 1892, and a
school-house is now about ready for occupancy.
The average daily attendance does not compare favourably with the enrolment.
Nicola.
Teacher, Miss Jessie McQueen.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected September 29th,- 1891 ; present, 12 boys, 10 girls ; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.63.
Expenditure, $727.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
1885-86 	
19
27
32
30
26
28
25
1886-87 	
1887-88 	
1888-89	
1889-90 	
1890-91	
1891-92    	
Average
attendance.
12.00
16.20
16.29
18.82
17.59
19.50
15.63
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$40 00
25 92
23 75
25 33
29 23
27 14
29 08
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$63 33
43 21
46 65
40 38
43 20
38 97
46 51 230
Public Schools Report.
1S92
Nicola Valley.
Teacher, Joseph Irwin.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 29th, 1891; present, 6 boys, 4 girls; total, 10.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.33.
Expenditure, $741.25.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
33
19
19
16
17
21
20
17
18
14.88
9.86
10.94
11.17
9.96
11.34
10.22
10.22
12.33
$21 30
39 46
40 00
46 73
43 45
36 19
38 00
42 35
41 18
$47 25
1884-85 	
76 04
1885-86 	
69 47
18S6-87 	
66 94
1887-88	
74 16
1888-89	
1889-90 	
67 01
74 36
1890 91 	
70 45
1891-92 	
60 11
Nicomin.
Teacher, Miss Lucy M. Calhoun until  October 31st,  1891; present teacher, Samuel B.
Campbell.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 25th, 1892; present, 13 boys, 5 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 18 girls; total, 34.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.48.
Expenditure, $590.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
25                  10.44
34                  15.48
$17 00
17 35
$40 70
1891-92 	
38 11 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
231
North Arm.
Teacher, Miss Katharine McDougall until December 31st,   1891; John H.   Kerr,  B. A.,
until May 31st, 1892; present teacher, Miss Elizabeth Harding.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, September 4th, 1891; present, 4 boys, 10 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 13 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.27.
Expenditure, $469.03.
At semi-annual examination held in Vancouver, December 1st and 2nd,  1891, Miss Eliza
Jane Daniels, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1886-87 	
24
23
27
23
25
21
1887-88   	
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91 	
1891-92   	
.    -
Nor
rHFIELD.
Average
attendance.
15.40
15.00
14.48
11.40
13.50
12.27
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$21  11
27 82
23 70
26 71
25 60
22 33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance
$32 90
42 66
44 19
53 90
47 40
38 22
Teacher, Miss Josephine A. L. Dougherty.
Salary, $60 per month.
Assistant, Miss Mary J. Blake until June 30th, 1892.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, Miss Rebecca Lawrence until June 30th, 1892.
Salary, $40 per month.
Present 1st Assistant, Miss Mary J. Blake.
Salary, $55 per month.
Present 2nd Assistant, Miss Jessie Elsden.
Salary, $50 per month.
Present Monitor, Miss Rebecca Tanner.
Salary, $40 per month.
Inspected, October 20th, 1891; present, 61 boys, 55 girls; total,  116.
May 31st, 1892; present, 54 boys, 58 girls; total, 112.
Enrolled during the year, 103 boys, 104 girls; total, 207.
Average monthly attendance, 138.
Average actual daily attendance, 117.57.
Expenditure, $1,146.67.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $5.53.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $9.75.
The school was opened in September, 1891, under the charge of a teacher and a monitor.
In April, 1892, the attendance became so large that it was found necessary to appoint an
assistant.
During the present year, the school was not opened until September, owing to prevalence
of a contagious disease.
The attendance increased in November, 1892, to such an extent as to render the appointment of a second assistant a necessity. 232
Public Schools Report.
1892
North Thompson.
Teacher, Archibald D. McLennan.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 24th, 1891 ; present, 9 boys, 2 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 4 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.02.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
18S5-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
20
22
21
23
24
26
25
Average
attendance.
11.45
13.58
11.47
11.29
12.80
11.03
11.02
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$27 15
34 54
36 19
33 04
31 12
29 23
30 40
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$47 42
55 96
66 25
67 31
58 35
68 90
68 96
Okanagan.
Teacher, Frederick J. Watson.
Salary, $60 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 10 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.26.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84        	
26
21
27
28
26
28
25
26
23
14.75
11.90
11.44
12.06
11.48
12.48
11.23
10.90
12.26
$28 62
27 43
25 28
26 20
29 23
27 13
30 19
29 23
33 04
$50 45
1884-85 	
48 40
1885-86 	
59 67
1886-87 '	
60 83
1887-88 	
66 20
1888-89 	
60 89
1889-90	
67 21
1890-91 	
69 72
1891-92 	
61 99 56 Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.                                          233
Otter.
Teacher,   Miss Annie  Ketcheson  until  December  31st,   1891 ; Miss  Ellen Lister until
June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, William McDonagh.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 28th, 1891; present, 6 boys, 6 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.95.
Expenditure, $601.29.
At semi-annual examination   held in  Vancouver,   December  1st and   2nd, 1891,  Miss
Martha Jane Cawker, a pupil of this school, obtained the percentage required  for admission
to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each  pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Y7ear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90   	
24
29
26
10.90
10.61
11.95
$24 5S
19 17
23 12
$54 12
1890-91	
52 41
1891-92	
50 31
.891 ; Miss Annie Ketcheson until
mdall.
total 10.
rune 1st and 2nd,  1892, Miss Mary
required for admission to a High
ice, and cost of each pupil since the
Oyster.
Teacher,  John W. H. King until   December  31st,
June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, George Kirk
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 6th, 1892; present, 6 boys, 4 girls;
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 4 girls; total, 15.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.41.
Expenditure, $627.09.
At the semi-annual examination held in Nanaimo, t
Jane Wilson, a pupil of this school,  passed the standard
School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendar
establishment of the school.
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1885-86 	
22
27
21
22
17
16
15
12.46
13.82
10.59
12.80
13.37
12.44
10.41
$28 32
23 70
30 47
29 09
37 64
39 00
41 80
$50 00
1886-87	
46 31
1887-88 	
60 43
1888-89 	
50 00
1889-90 	
47 86
1890-91	
50 17
1891-92	
60 23 234 Public Schools Rkport. 1892
Oyster, North.
Teacher,  Miss Kate Cairns until October 31st, 1891 ; present teacher, Miss Nellie G.
Wilson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 9 girls ; total, 18.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.46.
Expenditure, $240.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $13.33.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $22.94.
The school in this new district was opened in September, 1891, but was closed in October
of the same year, on account of low attendance. It was re-opened in May, 1892, and has
continued in operation since that time.
Parksville.
Teacher, Miss Kate M. McKinnon.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 12 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.12.
Expenditure, $277.10.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $13.19.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $30.38.
The school in this new district was opened in October, 1891, and on account of failure to
maintain the average daily attendance required by the School Act, was closed in February,
1892.
The school is not now in operation.
Port Kells.
Teacher. Miss Mary E. Speirs.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 7 girls ; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.96.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $28.09.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $53.83.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1891. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
235
Port Moody.
Teacher, Robert D. Irvine until May 31st, 1892 ; present teacher, John D. Buchanan.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected December 4th, 1891 ; present, 12 boys, 10 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 18 girls; total, 47.
Average monthly attendance, 31.
Average actual daily attendance, 23.25.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84* 	
26
39
20.02
19.98
$ 4 38
21 20
15 55
10 77
13 46
11 86
14 58
14 89
14 89
$ 5 69
1884-85	
41 39
1885-86 	
45                  23.63
65                  30.30
52                  22.73
59                  27.93
4S                  23.58
47                  23.04
47                  23.25
1
29 62
1886-87             	
23 10
18S7-8S 	
30 79
1888-89 	
25 06
1889-90   	
29 68
1890-91 	
30 38
1891-92 	
30 10
I
* Open during a portion of the year only.
Prairie.
Teacher, Robert J. Plaxton.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 29th, 1891 ; present, 3 boys, 13 girls; total, 16.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 28 girls ; total, 46.
Average monthly attendance, 30.
Average actual daily attendance, 22.51.
Expenditure, $640.
The attendance  at  this school  thus far during the present year shows marked improvement, the average for the past four months having been over thirty.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84	
36
41
39
36
28
37
1884-85	
1885-86 	
1886-87	
1887-88 	
1888-89	
1889-90	
35
1890-91	
43
46
1891-92 	
Average
attendance.
13.21
13.09
17.76
16.51
10.48
16.23
15.52
18.03
22.51
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 56
13 70
15 46
17 77
22 14
17 29
18 23
14 88
13 91
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
42 93
33 95
38 76
59 16
39 43
41 13
35 49
28 43 236
Public Schools Report.
1892
Puntledge.
Teacher, John B. Bennett.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 24 boys, 28 girls ; total, 52.
Average monthly attendance, 35.
Average actual daily attendance, 25.16.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $11.34.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $23.44.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1891, and since that time it has
maintained a very fair attendance.
QUAMICHAN.
Teacher, Miss Annie Robotham.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, April 5th and 6th, 1892 ; present 4 boys, 11 girls ; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 16 girls ; total, 28.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.51.
Expenditure,
At  examination  held  April  5th  and  6th,   1892,  Miss  Lucy Kingston, a pupil of this
school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84	
29
40
33
32
25
27
28
38
28
1884-85 	
1885-86	
1886-87 	
1887-88 	
1888-89 	
1889-90 	
1890-91	
1891-92	
Average
attendance.
20 00
21.08
14.63
14.60
12.40
15.88
15.21
16.99
14.51
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$22 41
16 58
21 21
21 88
28 00
23 70
22 85
16 84
22 85
I
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$32 50
31 46
47 85
47 94
56 45
40 30
42 07
37 66
44 10 56 Vict.                                  Public Schools Report.                                            237
Quesnelle.
Teacher, John A. Fraser.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 12 girls ; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 15.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.33.
Expenditure, $837.10.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past eight years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1884-85	
29
27
18
29
21
18
18
25
9.89
11.19
10.08
11.24
10.91
12.10
10.02
11  33
$31 83
37 04
55 55
34 48
42 61
48 88
48 88
33 48
$93 35
89 37
99 20
88 96
82 03
72 72
87 82
73 88
1885-86 	
1886-87 	
18S7-88 	
1888-89 	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
Revelstoke.
Teacher,   Miss  Grace  Halliday   until   June   30th,
Schuyler, B.A.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 19th, 1891; present, 5 boys, 8
Enrolled during the year, 20 boys, 24 girls; total, 44
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.76.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendai
establishment of the school:—
1892;   present   teacher,   Hiram   H.
girls; total, 13.
ice, and cost of each pupil since the
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1886-87 	
17
Not open.
Not open.
44
38
44
10.30
$19 12
$31 57
1887-88   	
1888-89 	
1889-90	
18.08
16.07
18.76
15 64
18 42
17 27
38 07
43 55
40 51
1890-91 	
1891-92 	 238
Public Schools Report.
1892
Rocky Point.
Teacher,  Miss Maria Lawson  until December  31st,   1891 ; present teacher, Robert C.
Johnston.
Salary, $50 per month.
Examined, March 30th and 31st, 1892; present, 6 boys, 5 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 7 boys, 6 girls; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.83.
Expenditure, $640.
At an examination held March 30th and 31st, 1892, Miss Jane Argyle,   a pupil  of  this
school, obtained the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendanc;.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1887-88 	
15
18
21
17
13
13.26
11.93
12.34
11.99
10.83
$31 00
35 55
30 47
37 64
49 23
$35 06
1888-89	
53 64
1889-90	
51 S6
1890-91	
53 37
1891-92	
59 09
ROSEDALE.
Teacher, William G. Thomson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 25th, 1891 ; present, 13 boys, 9 girls; total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 16 girls ; total, 37.
Average monthly attendance, 27.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.20.
Expenditure, $640.
In order to meet the requirement of the children residing in the northern part of this
district and those residing in the north-eastern portion of Cheam District, provision was made
in the Estimates for the salary of a monitor in this locality, under the name of Camp Slough.
The school has not as yet been opened.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
YTear.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91	
31
37
19.03
20.20
$17 41
17 29
$28 37
1891-92	
31 68 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
^39
Round Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Martha J. Norris until September 15th, 1892 ; present teacher, Henry A.
Fraser.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 21st, 1891 ; present, 9 boys, 5 girls; total, 14.
Enrolled during the year, 16 boys, 13 girls; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.44.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil oi
average
attendance.
1886-87 	
20
26
21
18
22
29
11.46
10.89
11.58
11.00
11.10
11.44
$27 35
29 23
36 19
42 22
34 54
26 20
$47 74
1887-88	
69 78
1888-89	
1889-90 	
65 63
69 09
1890-91 	
68 46
1891-92	
66 43
Saanich, North.
Teacher, Oliver H. Cogswell, B.A.
Salary, $70 per month.
Examined, October 29th and 30th, 1891 ; present, 19 boys, 22 girls; total, 41.
May 25th and 26th, 1892 ; present, 16 boys, 16 girls ; total, 32.
Enrolled during the year, 27 boys, 32 girls ; total, 59.
Average monthly attendance, 49.
Average actual daily attendance, 38.85.
Expenditure, $880.
At examination held October 29th  and   30th, 1891, the  following pupils of this  school
passed the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Master Frank Mellmoyl, Master Robert Francis Mills,
Miss Margaret Maud Kobertson, Miss Gertrude Lilian Brethour,
Miss Isabella Downie.
At examination held May 25th and 26th, 1892, Miss  Jessie Anne Robertson, a pupil of
this school, obtained the percentage required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
1883-84 .
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Year.
■v      i        t Average
Enrolment.       ,.     ,   6
attendance.
49
52
49
47
48
50
61
50
59
24.70
24.40
25.71
29.00
31.39
31.62
39.46
38.47
38. S5
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$17 95
16 92
17 96
18 72
18 33
17 60
14 42
17 60
14 91
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$35 62
36 07
34 23
30 34
28 03
27 83
22 30
22 87
22 65 240                                         Public Schools Report.                                       i892
Saanich, South.
Teacher, George H. Sluggett.
Salary, $70 per month.
Examined, October 30th and November 2nd, 1891 ; present, 19 boys, 23 girls ; total, 42.
May 26th and 27th, 1892 ; present, 14 boys, 19 girls; total, 33.
Visited, May 25th, 1892 ; present, 9 boys, 13 girls : total, 22.
Enrolled during the year, 29 boys, 34 girls ; total, 63.
Average monthly attendance, 48.
Average actual daily attendance, 36.86.
Expenditure, $880.
At examination held, October  30th  and November  2nd, 1891, Master Wesley Heard, a
pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
At examination held May 26th and 27th, 1892, the following pupils of this school obtained
the percentage required for admission to a High School:—
Miss Carrie Turgoose,                                   Miss Netta May Heard.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pnpil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
18S3-S4 	
1884-85	
55
51
53
50
55
51
39
52
63
35.24
27.95
31.99
32.84
32.53
27.61
26.33
32.04
36.86
$18 19
19 60
18 87
20 00
18 18
19 60
25 64
16 92
13 96
$28 40
35 76
1885-86	
31 26
1886-87 	
30 45
1887-88                                       	
30 74
1888-89                     	
36 21
1889-90	
37 97
1890-91	
27 46
1891-92	
23 87
Saanich, West.
Teacher, Joseph McK. McLennan until August 26th, 1892; present teacher, Edmund Caspell.
Salary, $60 per month.
Examined, October 28th and 29th, 1891 ; present, 6 boys, 10 girls ; total, 16.
Visited, May 26th, 1892 ; school closed on account of sickness.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 12 girls; total, 21.
Average monthly attendance, 17.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.91.
Expenditure, $760.
At examination held October 28th and 29th, 1891, Miss Mary  Graham, a  pupil of  this
school, passed the standard required for admission to a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil duing the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolm; nt.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
29
43
39
35
42
35
32
24
21
20.00
$21 89
$31 75
1884-85 	
24.74               14 98
18.83                19 49
19.48              21 71
26 04
1885-86 	
40 36
1886-87 	
39 01
1887-88	
20.87
17.94
16.61
17.30
13.91
18 09
21 71
23 43
31 66
36 19
36 41
1888-89	
42 36
1889-90	
45 15
1890-91	
43 93
1891-92   ....                                       	
54 63 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
241
Sahtlam.
Monitor, Miss Margaret McDowell.
Salary, $30 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 4 boys, 5 girls; total, 9.
Average monthly attendance, 9.
Average actual daily attendance, 7.23.
Expenditure, $360.
This school was opened in  August,   1890,  and  is  continued  in  operation  under power
granted in the "Public School Act, 1891,"—sub-section 4 of section 6.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
10
9
6.37
7.23
$30 67
40 00
$48  15
49 79
1891-92 	
Salmon Arm.
Teacher, Miss Florence M. Goodridge.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 15th, 1891; present, 11 boys, 7 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 12 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 21.
Average actual daily attendance, 17.99.
Expenditure, $760.
There are good prospects of increased average attendance at this school.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
1891-92	
18
25
10.59
17.99
$36 66
30 40
$62 32
42 24 242
Public Schools Report.
1892
Sea Island.
Teacher, Miss Edith E. Robinson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Visited, September 4th, 1891; school closed on account of illness of teacher.
Enrolled during the year, 18 boys, 13 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.58.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1890-91 	
22
31
12.23
$18 78            $33 79
1891-92 	
12.58
20 64              50 87
1
Serpentine.
Teacher, Martin J. Ravey.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 12 girls; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.06.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $25.65.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance,
This new school was opened in August, 1891.
15.17.
Shawnigan.
Teacher, James A, Hoy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 4th, 1892; present, 11 boys, 6 girls; total, 17.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys,  13 girls, total, 32.
Average monthly attendance, 23.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.90.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past eight years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1884-85* 	
54
1885-86 	
26
1886-87	
34
1887-88 	
2.8
1888-89	
24
1889-90	
25
1890-91 	
27
1891-92	
32
Average
attendance.
28.78
14.80
15.67
13.62
11.35
12.18
13.28
15.90
Cost
of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$13
25
25 77
18
82
22
85
26
66
25
60
23
70
20 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$24 86
45 27
40 84
46 98
56 38
52 54
48 19
40 25
* Including Bench Branch School, now known as South Cowiehan School. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
243
Shuswap Prairie.
Teacher, Miss Sara Preston.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 14th, 1891 ; present, 4 boys, 7 girls; total, 11.
Enrolled during the year, 4 boys, 14 girls; total, 18.
Average monthly-attendance, 14.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.80.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past eight years :—
Ye&v.
ij      i Average
Enrolment.   ■     ,.      ,  B
attendance.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-8S
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
17
18
17
19
17
23
22
18
13.76
11.70
10.31
10.08
10.92
12.56
12.66
11.80
1
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$29 72
42 22
43 95
40 00
44 70
30 94
34 54
42 22
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$36 71
64 96
72 46
75 39
69 58
56 65
60 03
64 40
Somenos.
present  teacher,  Miss
Teacher, Miss Alice L.  Johnston until December 31st,  1891
Jeannette Mebius.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 5th, 1892; present, 9 boys, 10 girls; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 13 girls ;  total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 20.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.10.
Expenditure, $612.58.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1884-85 	
19
21
23
29
30
22
23
25
12.S8
11.24
12.94
16.99
18.10
11.49
12.32
15.10
$10 53
30 48
27 83
22 06
21 33
29 09
27 82
24 50
$15 53
56 94
1885-86 	
1886-87 	
49 45
1887-88 	
37 66
1888-89 	
35 35
1889-90	
55 70
1890-91 	
51 94
1891-92 	
40 56 244
Public Schools Report.
1892
Sooke.
Teacher, George A. Ferguson until March 31st, 1892 ; George H. Martin until June 30th,
1892 ; present teacher, John J. Stephenson.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 16 girls; total, 30.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.82.
Expenditure, $640.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1883-84 	
18
25
23
27
25
34
31
44
30
1884-85	
1885-S6	
18S6-87	
1887-88 	
1888-89	
1889-90	
1890-91	
1891-92 	
SOOKI
s,   East.
Average
attendance.
10.00
11.81
13.17
11.65
11.31
20.97
19.42
24.02
14.82
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$35
55
24
74
27
83
23
70
25
60
26
32
30 28
21
88
21
33
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$64 00
52 37
48 60
54 93
56 58
42 68
48 34
40 09
43 18
Teacher, Robert H. Allan until December 31st, 1891 ; George A. Ferguson until November 13th, 1892.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 6 girls ;  total,  15.
Average monthly attendance, 13.
Average actual daily attendance, 9.29.
Expenditure,  $268.34.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $17.88.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $28.88.
The school was closed in December, 1891, and was not re-opened until August, 1892.
On account of illness of teacher the school was closed in November, 1892, and is not now
in operation, although there is a good prospect that it will be re-opened after the Christmas
holidays.
Southfield.
Teacher, Miss Kate Cairns.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, May 30th, 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 12 girls ; total, 19.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 25 girls; total, 38.
Average monthly attendance, 26.
Average actual daily attendance, 18.55.
Expenditure, $440.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $11.57.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $23.71.
The school in this new district was opened in November, 1891, and has thus far maintained a fair average attendance. 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
245
Spallumcheen.
The school in this district was closed in August, 1890.    It was re-opened in August,
1892, and now has an enrolment of 23 pupils, under the charge of Miss Harriet Isaac.
Spence's Bridge.
Teacher, Thomas Clyde.
Salary, $50 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 9 boys, 4 girls ; total, 13.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.06.
Expenditure, $555.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
9
17
11
12
14
13
Average
attendance.
6.30
8.03
7.98
8.30
11.16
10.06
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$10 10
42 35
54 54
50 00
39 28
42 69
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$14 43
89 66
75 18
72 29
49 28
55 16
Stave River (Whonnock).
Teacher,  Miss Annie G. Waller until June 30th,  1892; present teacher, Miss Annie
Ketcheson.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 26th, 1892; present, 3 boys, 9 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 13 boys, 11 girls ; total, 24.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 12.02.
Expenditure,
At semi-annual examination held in New Westminster on June 1st and 2nd, 1892,
Master Noble W. Oliver, a pupil of this school, passed the standard required for admission to
a High School.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1885-86 	
40
25
25
32
36
28
24
16.41
12.77
11.75
13.86
13.32
11.81
12.02
$15 89
25 60
25 60
20 00
17 77
22 85
26 66
$38 75
1886-87 	
50 11
1887-88 	
54 46
1888-89 	
1889-90 	
46 17
48 04
1890-91 	
54 19
1891-92 	
53 24 246
Public Schools Report.
1892
St. Mary's Mission (Mission).
Teacher, John D. Gillis.
Salary, $50 per month.
Monitor, George H. Martin until February  29th,   1892; Miss  Agnes  H.   McNutt until
September 30th, 1892; present monitor, John P. Cade.
Salary, $40 per month.
inspected, April 25th, 1892; present, 28 boys, 29 girls; total, 57.
Enrolled during the year, 42 boys, 41 girls; total, 83.
Average monthly attendance, 63.
Average actual daily attendance, 46.79.
Expenditure, $988.39.
In October, 1891, the attendance had increased to such an extent as to justify the appointment of a monitor to assist the teacher.
The number of pupils at present enrolled is 83.
At examination held April 25th and 26th, 1892, the following pupils of this school passed
the standard required for admission to a High School:—
Masters John P. Cade and James F. Tupper.
The following is a list of enrolment, average  attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1885-86	
25
1886-87	
25
37
37
39
62
83
1887-88 	
1888-89 	
1889-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
. Cost of
Average , .,
..     , °        each pupil on
attendance. K r   ,
enrolment.
10.52
12.55
16.05
16.20
19.59
26.89
46.79
$20 60
25 60
17 29
17 29
16 41
10 32
11 90
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$48 95
50 99
39 57
39 50
32 67
23 80
21 12
Sumas.
Teacher, Robert J. Hall until December 31st, 1891; present teacher, John A. McLeod.
Salary, $55 per month.
Inspected, August 26th, 1891; present, 9 boys, 14 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 19 boys, 28 girls; total, 47.
Average monthly attendance, 29.
Average actual daily attendance, 20.92.
Expenditure, $700.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years:—
Year.
1883-84
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
36
40
40
34
32
34
34
33
47
. Cost of
Average , .,
..     , &        each pupil on
attendance. i        j.
enrolment.
21.20
22.27
22.30
18.73
18.15
15.78
15.70
16.17
20.92
$17 85
16 00
16 00
20 59
19 85
18 58
17 84
21 21
14 89
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$30 31
28 74
28 70
37 37
35 01
40 04
38 64
43 29
33 46 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
247
Surrey Centre.
Teacher, Miss Martha McDowell until June 30th, 1892; present teacher, Miss  Lucy  M.
Calhoun.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August. 31st, 1891; present, 10 boys, 8 girls; total, 18.
Enrolled during the year, 14 boys, 12 girls; total, 26.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 15.69.
Expenditure, $590.
Cost of each pupil on enrolment, $22.69.
Cost of each pupil on average actual daily attendance, $37.60.
The school in this new district was opened in August, 1891, and has thus far maintained
a fair attendance.
Tolmie.
Teacher, Miss Annie Carmichael until November 30th, 1891; present teacher,  Miss Ada
J. Williams.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, October 28th, 1891; present, 19 boys, 13 girls; total, 32.
March 24th, 1892; present, 12 boys, 11 girls; total, 23.
Enrolled during the year, 38 boys, 34 girls; total, 72.
Average monthly attendance, 40.
Average actual daily attendance, 29.78.
Expenditure, $640.
The percentage of average daily attendance was very low.
During the present school-year, the attendance has become so large as  to necessitate  the
providing of additional accommodation.
An addition, containing two rooms, is now nearing completion.
A monitor will be appointed to assist the teacher after the Christmas holidays.
The following is a list of enrolment,  average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the school:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1887-88 	
43
33
27
47
72
15.85
16.18
11.82
21.68
29.78
$10 00
19 39
23 70
13 61
8 88
$27 12
1888-89 	
39 55
1889-90	
54 14
1890-91 	
29 52
1891-92	
21 49 248
Public Schools Report.
1892
Trenant.
Teacher, Alexander Gilchrist.
Salary, $70 per month.
Inspected, September 2nd, 1891 ; present, 21 boys, 18 girls; total, 39.
Visited, April 22nd, 1892; present, 16 boys, 18 girls; total, 34.
Enrolled during the year, 35 boys, 33 girls ; total, 68.
Average monthly attendance, 42.
Average actual daily attendance, 32.50.
Expenditure, $880.
The average attendance thus far during the present school-year shows considerable increase
over that of the past year.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
1884-85 	
35
35
29
45
55
67
68
69
68
11.53
14.98
14.08
19.65
25.12
28.12
32.27
35.02
32.50
$17 14
18 29
22 07
13 88
11 63
10 44
10 29
11 01
12 94
$52 03
42 73
1885-86 	
1886-87	
45 45
31 79
1887-88	
25 47
1888-89	
24 89
1889-90	
21 69
1890-91 	
21 70
1891-92 	
27 07
Union Mines.
Teacher, William A. Gilchrist until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, Duncan Ross.
Salary, $60 per month.
Monitor, Miss Jessie C. Turnbull until June 30th, 1892 ; present monitor, Miss Amy
Spragge.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 48 boys, 34 girls ; total, 82.
Average monthly attendance, 74.
Average actual daily attendance, 50.62.
Expenditure, $1,080.
Owing to the very large number of pupils attending this school, a monitor was appointed
in December, 1891, to assist the teacher.
During March and April, 1892, the school was closed on account of the prevalence of an
epidemic.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil since the
establishment of the schopl:—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1889-90                            	
61
76
82
31.25
38.53
50.62
$ 7 87
9 21
13 17
$15 36
1890-91	
18 16
1891-92	
21 33
L 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
249
Vernon.
Teacher, William Sivewright until March 31st, 1892; Robert D. Irvine until June 30th,
1892 ; present teacher, Henry J. Hoidge.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, September 21st, 1891 ; present, 17 boys, 14 girls ; total, 31.
Enrolled during the year, 21 boys, 29 girls; total, 50.
Average monthly attendance, 32.
Average actual daily attendance, 24.58.
Expenditure, $632.
There was a marked increase in attendance during the past year, and during the present
school-year the number of pupils became so large as to warrant the addition of an assistant in
November, 1892.
Miss Ida M. Carmichael received appointment to the position.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past eight years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
1884-85	
1885-86 	
19
20
15
26
22
18
26
50
1886-87	
1887-88 •	
1888-89	
1S89-90 	
1890-91 	
1891-92 	
Average
attendance.
11.49
12.60
11.87
12.55
13.37
12.92
14.02
24.58
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$29 88
38 00
14 66
29 23
34 55
33 08
29 23
12 64
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$49 41
60 32
18 53
60 55
56 90
46 09
54 16
25 71
Vesuvius.
Teacher, Raffles A. R. Purdy.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, April 7th, 1892 ; present, 7 boys, 9 girls ; total,
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 14 girls ; total, 29.
Average monthly attendance, 19.
Average actual daily attendance, 14.25.
Expenditure, $1,053.22 (including North Vesuvius).
16. 250
Public Schools Report.
1892
Vesuvius, North.
Monitor,  Miss Mary F.  Halliday  until September 30th, 1891; Miss Nellie G. Wilson
until April 5th, 1892 ; Miss Kate M. McKinnon until June 30th, 1892.
Salary, $40 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 8 boys, 15 girls ; total, 23.
Average monthly attendance, 16.
Average actual daily attendance, 13.36.
North Vesuvius having been created a school district, the school was opened in August,
1892, under the charge of Miss Kate M. McKinnon as teacher.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
19
25
23
32
30
28
25
38
52
9.17
10.64
13.58
16.09
12.37
11.75
9.S3
24.78
27.61
$24 30
20 93
27 83
20 00
21 33
22 85
25 60
18 68
20 25
$50 35
1884-85 	
63 26
1885-86	
47 12
1886-87	
1887-S8 	
39 77
51 73
1888-89 	
54 46
1889-90 	
65 10
1890-91 	
28 65
1891-92 	
38 14
Williams Lake.
Teacher, David Jones.
Salary, $70 per month.
No inspection.
Enrolled during the year, 15 boys, 2 girls; total, 17.
Average monthly attendance, 12.
Average actual daily attendance, 10.81.
Expenditure, $880.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of each pupil during the
past nine years :—
Year.
Enrolment.
Average
attendance.
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
1883-84	
16
17
21
20
23
18
14
16
17
10.84
12.20
10.88
12.12
12.22
11.28
10.44
10.86
10.81
$47 50
32 50
43 09
44 00
38 26
40 20
57 85
49 54
51 76
$70 11
1884-85   .                  	
45 29
1885-86             	
83 18
1886-87                                    	
72 60
1887-88 	
72 01
1888-89                             	
64 15
1889-90 	
77 58
1890-91   .                          	
72 98
1891-92	
81 40 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
251
Yale.
Teacher, Samuel Shepherd until June 30th, 1892 ; present teacher, John J. Miller, B.Sc.
Salary, $60 per month.
Inspected, October 1st, 1891 ; present, 6 boys, 9 girls; total, 15.
Enrolled during the year, 12 boys, 19 girls; total, 31.
Average monthly attendance, 24.
Average actual daily attendance,  18.09.
Expenditure, $760.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance, and cost of  each  pupil  during
the past nine years :—
1883-84 .
1884-85 .
1885-86
1886-87 .
1887-88 ,
1888-89 .
1889-90
1890-91 .
1891-92 .
Year.
Enrolment.
62
65
59
58
32
36
37
39
31
Average
attendance.
34.31
27.73
36.09
27.15
15.65
22.67
20.74
20.82
18.09
r,     .    r Cost of
Cost of , .,
, .,       each pupil on
each pupil on r r
enrolment,   j  atLJffiLe
$12 81
12 07
13 47
13 70
24 84
18 12
17 29
18 99
24 51
$23 16
28 30
22 03
29 28
50 79
28 77
30 85
35 57
42 01
York.
Teacher, Thomas Henderson, MA.
Salary, $50 per month.
Inspected, August 27th, 1891 ; present, 5 boys, 7 girls; total, 12.
Enrolled during the year, 11 boys, 14 girls; total, 25.
Average monthly attendance, 18.
Average actual daily attendance, 11.64.
Expenditure, $625.
The following is a list of enrolment, average attendance,  and  cost of  each  pupil  during
the past eight years :—
Year.
1884-85
1885-86
1886-87
1887-88
1888-89
1889-90
1890-91
1891-92
Enrolment.
17
27
25
28
32
32
28
25
Average
attendance.
13.00
14.21
12.36
16.32
16.55
13.28
13.68
11.64
Cost of
each pupil on
enrolment.
$32 35
23 16
22 21
22 87
20 00
20 00
22 85
25 00
Cost of
each pupil on
average
attendance.
$42 30
44 02
44 93
38 38
38 67
48 19
46 78
53 69 252 Public Schools Report. 1892
SCHOOL DISTRICTS.
Inquiries being frequently made in regard to the mode of procedure in order to obtain
the creation and organization of a school district, as well as in selection of school site, it is
deemed proper to make the following explanatory remarks :—
Before a school district can be created it is necessary that there be at least fifteen
children of school age (between six and sixteen years) residing in the locality. In making-
application lists of children of and under school age (on blanks supplied) should be sent to the
Education Department, accompanied with a petition signed by the parents or guardians of the
children, and suggesting the boundaries that are considered most suitable.
It may be well to state that in creating school districts, the Department is very unwilling
to interfere with the limits of exisiting districts, and does so only when it has been clearly
proved to be in the general interest.
After the boundaries of a school district have been published in the Gazette, a meeting of
the voters of the district is called by the Superintendent of Education for the election of
trustees. Immediately after their election the trustees should meet to determine which one of
them shall act as Secretary of the Board.
The trustees should without delay select a school site, and should call a special meeting
of the voters of the district to ratify the choice made by them, or to determine upon another
site.
The selection of school site is a matter that should receive the most careful consideration
of every voter in a new district. The prospects of the district as to future settlement as well
as its present requirements should be thoughtfully weighed. The selection of a site without
regard to both these consideration's may prove in time to be injurious to the interests of a
considerable number of children, and almost invariably causes discord in the district.
The plot selected should be dry and level, and sufficiently large to afford ample room for
playground, and at the same time the prospect of obtaining an abundant supply of water
should not be overlooked.
SCHOOL-ROOM AND GROUNDS.
By the Rules and Regulations, every pupil attending a Public School is required to be
clean and tidy in his person and clothes, and it is eminently proper'that the school-room should
be kept in a clean and tidy condition for his reception.
The teacher with little exertion can also make the school-room pleasant and attractive to
the pupils. Flowers blooming on the window sills, the walls decorated with tasty pictures,
cannot but tend to enliven the daily work and have a refining influence. The teacher who
makes no effort in this direction is certainly not performing his whole duty. A neat and tasty
school-room is, as a rule, evidence that-careful and successful instruction is being given.
The appearance of the school grounds and premises is, generally speaking, but a reflex of
that which is to be found in the school-room. The dilapidated fence, the yard covered with
varied debris, windows broken, are an almost sure indication that there is a want of proper
government within.
Even the casual passer-by noticing these disorderly appearances cannot but conclude that
anarchy exists where there should be order, and that there are but few benefits accruing from
the allowing of too much license to pupils.
Trustees should be mindful of the fact that good order and proper discipline are essential
to the progress of the pupils.
It is not to be- inferred that attractive school-houses, with fine furniture and cleanly
grounds, are always indicative of a good school, nevertheless they are essential to the comfort
and industry of the pupils.
The child's education is every day being formed, and his surroundings tend in a marked
degree to mould his character. The unsightly school grounds and the untidy room cannot but
have a detrimental effect in forming the character of the child. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. 253
CHANGE OF TEACHER,
Of all the duties devolving upon trustees, by far the most important is the selection of
teacher. Every Board, in the proper performance of its duty in this respect, should exercise
the most careful discrimination. Upon the choice made by them depends the educational
welfare of the children of the district.
When a good teacher has been secured he should be regarded as a prize, and should
receive the cordial co-operation of both trustees and parents in his work.
Frequent change of teachers is injurious to the pupils. Each teacher has his Own peculiar
methods of imparting instruction, as well as modes of discipline and management, and the
pupil must become familiar with these methods in order to pursue his studies to advantage.
Every change of teacher means a waste of a certain amount of time on the part of the pupils
in becoming acquainted with new modes of explanation and illustration, and new methods of
discipline ; hence a competent and faithful teacher should be retained as long as possible in
the same school.
It is scarely necessary to say that the sooner an incompetent or indolent teacher is
dismissed, the better it is for the school, as retaining such a teacher is trifling with the
valuable time of the pupils, and cannot but be regarded as a reflection upon the intelligence
of the people of the district.
NORMAL SCHOOL.
The need of a Normal School has been very generally recognized for a considerable time,
and attention has been frequently called, in the Annual School Reports, to the urgent necessity of its early establishment.
The chief benefits arising from such an institution lie in the good work it accomplishes
for the public schools in producing for them teachers properly trained for their work, and
possessed of a knowledge of those methods of imparting instruction which are essential to
success.in the school-room.
There are at the present time over two hundred and forty teachers in our public schools,
and the greater number of them has not received preparatory instruction to fit them for
entrance into the profession.
It is certainly a wise economy to give our teachers a professional education before they
enter upon their work, in preference to paying them salary while experimenting at the expense
of the valuable time of the children.
We cannot too strongly urge the early establishment of such an institution in the
Province.
It is deemed proper to state that certificates from other Provinces are not valid here,
and can only be of service as testimonials. Every teacher in our public schools must be the
holder of a certificate from this Province. An annual examination of candidates for certificates
of qualification to teach is held in July.
A permit, or temporary certificate, is only issued on the application of a Board of Trustees
desiring to secure the services of the person on whose behalf the application is made, and the
trustees must certify that after having made due effort they are unable to obtain a duly
certificated teacher, suitable for their school.
As the number of holders of certificates from this Province at present -nearly equals the
demand, it is not probable that the Department will be called upon to issue any considerable
number of these certificates during the present school-year, and the prospects are that in the
near future the granting of these permits will no longer be a necessity. 254 Public Schools Report. 1892
At the last session of the Legislature, all those sections of the "Public School Act, 1891,"
providing for the appointment of Trustees in the four City Districts, were repealed, and in
lieu thereof provision was made, by an amendment to the Act, for the election of six Trustees
in each of these districts by the votes of electors duly qualified to vote for a Mayor,—said
election to be held at the same time and place as the municipal nomination and election for
Mayor are conducted.
In July of the present year, Mr. William Burns, B. A., received appointment as an
Inspector of Schools. Mr. Burns has had many years of successful experience as a teacher,
both in England and in Ontario, and is a gentleman thoroughly competent to fulfil the important duties of the position.
I cannot close this Report without expressing the deep regret felt by each member of this
Department in the death of the late Honourable John Robson, which occurred in London,
England, on June 29th of the present year.
The honourable gentleman at the time of his death had been Provincial Secretary for
nearly ten years, and performed the duties of Minister of Education during that period.
His earnest and unceasing efforts in behalf of everything appertaining to the welfare of
our public schools, as well as of all matters connected with the advancement of education in
the Province, will long be remembered.
We recognize in his death the loss of an esteemed friend and valued counsellor, as well as
of an able and eloquent advocate of our free school system.
I have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servant,
S. D. POPE,
Superintendent of Education. Public Schools Report.
1892
Schools.
Deportment.
Regularity & Punctuality.
Proficiency.
Victoria:—
Girls' School, 7th Divis'n
8th     ,,
West School, 1st     ,,
„            2nd    „
Emma Vigelius	
Elizabeth Rolph	
Aleida Horner	
Gertrude Johnston	
Ethel Edwards	
Margaret Cessford	
William Gill	
Dorothy Manton.
Gertrude Shanks.
Eveline Irene Nicholson.
,,            3rd     ,,
,,            4th     „
Margaret Maekay	
William Battersby	
Alma Jeannette Bucknam.
Lilian Grace Shears	
Hendrika Roscamp	
Mabel Davey	
Jennie Collis	
Mabel Blake	
Lastella Maud Harris ....
William Winchester.
Ruth McDonald.
James Bay Ward School
Donald Campbell Maekay.
Ethel Lydia Winkel	
Langdon James	
Ellen Sellick	
Fanny F. McNish Whyte.
2nd       ,,      	
3rd        ,,      	
Kate Emily Redfern.
Mary Jane Owens.
Lily Cousins.
Hillside Ward School:
1st Division	
2nd       ,	
Maxwell Rooklidge	
3rd        ,,      	
Rock Bay Ward School:
Harry Pike	
James McGregor'  	
Agnes Nicholson Anderson
William James Maynard .
James Turner	
Duncan Morrison	
Vernon Green	
Thomas Johnston	
Ethel Mary Shepherd ....
Alice Maud Allen.
2nd       „      	
Spring Ridge Ward Seh.
Margaret A. Johnson ....
Margaret Rosalie Banfleld
Maude Field	
George William Clarke.
Alfred Charles Chislett.
Valgerdur Myrdal.
John D. Tillar.
2nd       ,,      	
3rd        ,,      	
Wellington, 1st Division..
Albert Glover.
,,           3rd      ,,
Henry Michie.
Yale	
William Carl Revsbech.
York	 5G Vict.                                 Public Schools Report.
ci.
APPENDIX I.
HIGH SCHOOLS ENTRANCE EXAMINATION—MIDSUMMER, 1892
Written Arithmetic.
1.
How many pounds of wheat at $3.14} per cental can I. get for 1 lb. 3 oz. 14dwt
of gold dust at $16 per oz. ?
12grs.
2.
(tt.) Write in words .3565.
(b.) Reduce to its simplest form—
f°ffo + i°fI
9     <•   9         5     j. 2
f 0f ii "   8   0f 16
3.
Find the value in decimal currency of 2.5 of 3A guineas (£1 =$4.
88).
4.
Find the simple interest on $40 from March 16th, 1890, to Jan.
annum.
23rd, 1891, @
8% per
5.
What is the difference between the compound interest on $5,000 for 3 years @
per annum, and on $10,000 for 1^ years @ 5 °/0 per annum ?
5% per
6.
Find the present worth of $3,000 due 2 years 6 months hence @ 5 % per annum; and
show that the discount of the given sum is equal  to  the  interest  of the  present
worth for the same time and at the same rate.
7.
A trader gets 500 barrels of flour insured for 75 % of its cost @
$80.85 premium ; at what price per barrel did he purchase th
21/r, per cent.,
e flour 1
paying
8.
A can do a piece of work in 27 days, and B in 15 days; A works at it alone for  12
days, B then works alone 5 days, then C finishes the work in  4 days.    In what
time could C have done the work by himself ?
Mental Arithmetic.
1.
2.
What is the smallest sum of money that can he paid all in $4
bills, $5 bills, or $10 bills?
At $2.50 per ream, what will 13 quires of paper cost?
What will 156 lbs. sugar cost @ 8J cents per 11). ?
If f of a yard cost $4.50, what will */6 of a yard cost?
If 3 men can do a piece of work in 4 days, how long will it take
24 men to do it ?
What principal at interest for 5 years @ 6 % will produce $12
simple interest?
A stack of hay will keep a cow 20 weeks, and a horse 15 weeks:
how long will it keep them both ?
Divide 7| lbs.  of tea into  two parcels,  one of which is If lbs.
heavier than the other.
Sold a cow for $24, losing thereby 40 % of the cost price; had I
sold her for 33|- % advance on the cost, what would I have
received for her?
A ns. $	
3.
4.
Ans. $	
Ans. $	
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Ans	
Ans	
Ans. $	 CU.
Public Schools Report. 1892.
English Grammar.
1. (a.) Define orthography, etymology, declension, conjugation, and parsing.
(b.) What is the alphabet ?    How divided 1
2. (a.) Write the possessive case singular and plural of foot, boatman, negro, which, and
German,
(b.) Give two plurals of each of the following, and state the meaning of each plural :—-
die, cloth, penny, brother, and genius.
3. (a.) Name five, words that may be used as relative pronouns.
(/).) State the inflections of the adverb.
4. Oi.) Give the 2nd person plural of the present tense of each mood, active voice, of the
verb to' go.
(b.)  How do you distinguish between the passive voice and the progressive form of the
active voice ?    Illustrate.
5. (a.) Give the principal parts of bid, choose, lay, skim, read,
(b.) Name the only auxiliary verbs that have participles.
6. Correct, giving reasons for corrections :—
(a.) It is time we went.
(b.) Either you or I are wrong.
(c.)  Mary is such an amiable girl.
(el.) Of all other vices, lying is the worst.
(«.)  Taste these molasses ; I think you will like them.
7. Analyze the following :—
Near yonder copse where once the garden smiled,
And still where many a garden flower grows wild,
There, where a few torn shrubs the place disclose,
The village preacher's modest mansion rose.
A man he was to all the country dear,
And passing rich with forty pounds a year.
8. Parse the words in italics in preceding question.    [In parsing each word, its properties
and relations must be given infuMfj
Canadian History.
1. (a.) What is the origin of the word " Canada"?
(b.) Give an account of the principal Indian tribes of the country at the  time  of its
first settlement by the whites.
2. (a.) Under what circumstances was Quebec first taken by the English?    How long was
it held by them ?
(b.)  What American general was killed in an attack upon this city?     When?
3. («.) About the middle of the eighteenth century,  what were the respective  claims  of
England and France as to territory in North America ?
(b.) Locate Fort Du Quesne, and give an account of the first attack made on it by the
British.
4. (a.) Give an account of the Military Rule.
(6.) What was the population of Canada in 1763 ?
5. (a.) Name four battles of the war of 1812, locating each.
(b.) When was the war ended ?
6. (a.) Describe the Ashburton Treaty.
(b.) What is meant by Representation by Population?
7. (a.)  When, and how, did Canada acquire the North-West Territory?
(b ) What rebellion occurred in this territory 1
8. (a.) Name the Premiers of the Dominion.
(o.) What representation has this Province in the Dominion Parliament? 56 Vict.
Public Schools Report.
cm.
English History.
When and why did the Romans leave Britain ?
In what way did the Romans benefit the country?
Describe the Heptarchy.
Name the monarchs from Alfred to William T.
Describe the reign of Richard I.
What great battle was fought in the reign of Edward II. ?
Who was Wat Tyler ?
Describe the battle of Agincourt.
State the leading features of the Tudor Period.
What were the claims of Henry VII. to the throne ?
Name the monarchs of the Stuart Line, with dates.
Give five battles of the, Civil War.
6.
8.
(a.
(b.
(a.
(b.
(a.
(/,
(a.
(b.
(a.
(I,
(a.
(I,
Give historic reference of—
(a.)  Petition of Right,
(b.) Ironsides,
(e.) Repeal of Corn Laws.
(a.) State the principal events of the Indian Mutiny.
(6.) Name two noted generals who took part in it.
(a.) State some of the royal prerogatives.
(b.) For what length of time are members of the House of Commons elected ?
(c.) Jacobites,
(d.) Glencoe,
Composition.
1. (a.)  What is the rule for dividing a word at the end of a line?
(b.) What point or punctuation mark is used after a  noun  in  the  nominative  independent (noun of address) ?
2. Combine the following statements into one sentence :—
Along the La Plata are extensive plains.
They are covered with grass.
These plains are called pampas.
Great herds of cattle roam over these pampas.
Vast herds of horses roam over them.
3."(a.) Give synonyms ior pride, deride, friendly, hide, and puerile.
(6.) Define phraseology and tautology.
4.  Write sentences containing the following words :—
(a.) chord,
(b.) symbol,
(e.) principal.
5.  Write a composition on one of the following subjects :-
(c.) mewl,
(d.) canvass,
Friendship,
The Tramway,
A Summer Morning,
Our Fisheries,
Cruelty to Animals. CIV.
Public Schools Report. 1892
Anatomy, Physiology, and Hygiene.
1. (a.) Of what are bones composed ?
(b.) Name the bones of the Trunk,
(c.) State a cause of round shoulders.
2. (a.) Name the Digestive Organs.
(b.) Give the^/ife processes of digestion.
(c.) Shew that alcohol in any form is not only not a food, but is injurious to the system.
3. (a.) Give the organs of Circulation.
(b.) Of what is blood composed ?     Where purified ?
(c.) What is  the average  amount  of  blood  in   each   person?     What  is  its natural
temperature?
4. (a.) What are lacteals ?
(b.) What causes the emaciated appearance of a person  recovering  from   prolonged
sickness ?
(c.) Shew the fallacy of using narcotics or stimulants of any kind to prevent contagion.
5. (a.) Locate the three vital organs.
(b.) Shew the necessity of having the school-room well ventilated.
(c.) State some of the evil effects of the use of tobacco in childhood or youth.
6. (a.) Name the layers of membrane that compose the skin
(b). In scalds or burns, what is necessary to be done if a blister is formed ?
7. (a.) If your companion should cut an artery, what should you do?
(b.) Locate tarsus, cornea, follicles, epiglottis, and periosteum.
Geography.
1. (a.) In which direction does the earth rotate ?    Prove the truth  of your  answer  by
observation.
What is the result of the earth's rotation on its axis?    Of  its  revolution  around
the sun ?
(b.) Of what use are meridians?    How many degrees in a meridian ?
(c.) How much greater is the length of a degree of longitude at the equator than at the
poles ?
2. (a.) In what latitude and zone is a place 130° south of the Arctic Circle ?
(b.) Name and describe the equinoxes.
3. Locate five peninsulas in North America, and five lakes in Europe.
4. Name the capital and chief  river of each  of the  countries bordering on the Pacific
Ocean.
5. (a.) Give the area and population of the Dominion of Canada.
(6.) From what does Newfoundland derive its chief importance?
6. (a.) Name the Australasian Colonies.
(b.) Give the capitals of the four largest of the East Indies.
7. Locate and define—
(a.) Chaleur, (/) Vernon,
(b.) Bushire, (g.) Port au Prince,
(c.)  Denman, (h.) Flattery,
(d.) Ashantee, (i )  Potomac,
(e.)  Taurus, (j.) Stromboli.
8. (a.) Draw a map of the Gulf of Georgia, or Gulf of Mexico.
(b.) Name all the railways in this Province. 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. cix.
Geography.
1. (a.) Of what use is a terrestrial globe?
(b.) Describe it.
2. (a.) Is the earth now approaching the sun or receding from it ?
(b.) What are solstices ?    When do they occur 1
3. (a.) What two large rivers rise in Switzerland ?
(b.) Trace the courses of the Columbia and Indus.
4. (a.) Name six trading ports of the Dominion of Canada, and state the exports of each.
(b.) Give the capitals and chief products of Ceylon, Jamaica, and Newfoundland.
5. (a.) What does the Kingdom of Denmark include?
(b.) In what countries is the Greek Church the established religion ?
6. (a.) Locate and define Niphon, Galiano, Zealand, Iquiqui, Quinte.
(/>.)  What states of the United States border on the Gulf of Mexico ?
7. (a.) Draw an outline map of Europe.
(6.) What is the population of North America?
English Grammar.
1. Parse the verbs and pronouns in the following :—
" To know how to say what other people only think, is  what makes men poets
and sages."
2. Analyze :—
Bozzaris, with the storied brave
Greece nurtured in her glory's time,
Rest thee ; there is no prouder grave
E'en in her own proud clime.
3. (a.) After what verbs is to not used as a sign of the infinitive?
(b.) What is the proper position of the adverb in a sentence ?
4. (a.) Write the feminine of hart, tutor, marquis, friar, czar,
(b.)  Define case and finite verb.
5. (a.) Distinguish between a phrase and a subordinate proposition,
(b.)  "Let him attack me if he dare."
Give mood of each verb.
6. (a.) Distinguish between strong and weak verbs.
(b.) Give an example of sentences connected by a conjunctive adverb.
7. (a.) Show the connection between syntax and prosody.
(b.) Is Grammar a science or an art 1    Give reasons for answer. el. Public Schools Report. 1892
City School Districts—Powers op Trustees.
Duties of Board of Trustees.
33. The Board of Trustees shall have power, and it shall be its duty, to provide sufficient
school accommodation and tuition, free of charge, to all children in the district, between six
and sixteen years of age, inclusive, and for such purpose shall organize and establish such and
so many schools as it shall deem requisite, with power to alter and discontinue the same; to
purchase or lease lands or buildings for school purposes; to erect, enlarge, alter, repair, and
improve school buildings and their appurtenances, according to the requirements of the case;
to furnish school-houses and procure furniture, maps, and apparatus, and to provide text-books
for indigent pupils; to provide fuel and light, and defray the contingent expenses of the
several schools, and of the Board of Trustees ; to have the custody and safe keeping of the
school property of the district, and to insure the school buildings and furniture; to determine
the sites of the school-houses ; to appoint the number of teachers for whose salaries provision
has been made in the estimates; to report annually to the City Council upon the expenditure
of the moneys received by the Board; to furnish annually, on or before the fifteenth day of
July in each year, to the Superintendent of Education, a full report of its proceedings, also
returns of all schools in accordance with the forms supplied by him.
Board to annually supply Council with- estimate of sums required.
34. The Board of Trustees shall, on or before the first day of March in eacli year, cause
to be prepared and laid before the City Council a detailed estimate of the sums required by
the Board for the purposes mentioned in the preceding section, or for any other lawful purposes within their jurisdiction. Such estimate shall be subject to the consideration, alteration
and final approval of the Council.     1892, c. 40, s. 17.
City Treasurer to keep separate accounts of school moneys.
35. The City Treasurer shall, upon the receipt of any moneys from time to time paid into
his hands on account of the rates and taxes, set apart and keep to a separate account to be
called "The Board of School Trustees' Account," so much and such proportion of such moneys
as the amount ordered to be assessed and levied for school purposes in such city, and pay over
such moneys so set apart to the said Board, as is mentioned in section 32 hereof, and shall,
whenever requested, exhibit to the said Board the state of such account; and such moneys so
set apart, or that ought to be so set apart, shall not be applied to any other purpose whatsoever by the City Treasurer. It shall not be lawful for the Board of School Trustees to incur
any liability beyond the amount shewn by such account to be at their disposal. [As amended
by 1892, c. 40, s. 18.]
School property to be free from taxation.
36. All property acquired by the Board of Trustees shall not be subject to taxation, or be
liable to be taken in execution; but in case of any judgment being recorded against the Board
of Trustees, they shall forthwith notify the City Council of the amount thereof, ■ and the City
Council shall levy and collect the same as in other cases provided for by this Act.
Auditor.
37. The City Council shall annually appoint an Auditor to audit the accounts of the
Board of Trustees, and the expenses of such audit shall be paid out of the contingent expenses
of the Board.
City Council may demand tuition fees for High Schools.
38. In case the City Council of any of the said cities shall, by resolution, declare that it
is desirable that tuition fees should be paid in respect of pupils attending at any High School
situate within its limits, so as to make such High School wholly, or in part, self-sustaining, it
shall be the duty of such School Board to settle the amount to be paid by parents and
guardians for each pupil attending the High School, and to fix the times of payment, and,
when necessary, to sue for and recover such amounts, and to pay the same to the Treasurer of
the Corporation within the limits of which such High School is situate; but in settling such 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. cli.
amount the Board shall make provision by which pupils, whose parents or guardians find it
beyond their means to pay the tuition fees imposed by the Board, may have the advantages of
the High School, either altogether without fee or at some smaller fee within the means of the
parent or guardian.
Trustees to serve without reward.
39. Trustees shall serve without emolument or reward, and shall not be interested, directly
or indirectly, in any contract authorized by the Board of Trustees.
Rural School Districts—Trustees, their Powers and Duties.
Qualification of Trustees in Rural Districts.
40. Any person being a male householder or feeholder in the school district of the full
age of twenty-one years, and otherwise qualified by this Act to vote at an election of School
Trustees in the said school district, shall be eligible to be elected or to serve as a School
Trustee in a school district.
Occasional vacancies.
41. Any Trustee elected to fill an occasional vacancy shall hold office only for the un-.
expired term of the person in whose place he has been elected.
Trustees to be a Corporation.
42. The Trustees of any school district duly elected, shall be a Corporation, under the
name of  " The Trustees of the (naming the title) School District."
Trustees to appoint and give notice of meetings.
43. It shall be the duty of the trustees of each school district to appoint the place of
each annual school meeting of the voters of the district, and of elections and" of a special meeting
for the filling up of any vacancy in the Trustee Corporation occasioned by death, removal, or
other cause, and to cause notices of the time and place to be posted in three or more public
places of such district, one of which shall be upon the school-house, at least ten days before
the holding of such meeting, and to specify in such notices the object of such meeting. They
shall also call and give like notices of any special meeting for any school purpose which they
may think proper.
Meeting not being held through want of notice.
44. In case, from the want of proper notices, or from any other cause, any annual school
meeting required to be held for the election of Trustees, or any special meeting or election,
shall not be held at the proper time, any five voters in such district may, within twenty days
after the time at which such meeting should have been held, call a meeting by giving ten days'
notice, to be posted in at least three public places in such school district, and the meeting then
called shall possess all the powers and perform all the duties of the meeting in the place of
which it is called.
Trustees may resign.
45. Any person chosen as Trustee may resign, by giving written notice of such intention
to his colleagues in office.
Appointment of Secretary and Treasurer.
46. It shall be the duty of the Board of Trustees to appoint one of themselves to be
Secretary and Treasurer to the Corporation, who shall give such security, as may be required
by a majority of the Trustees, for the correct and safe keeping and forthcoming, when called
for, of the papers and moneys belonging to the Corporation, and for the correct keeping of a
record of their proceedings in a book procured for that purpose, and for the receiving and
accounting for all school moneys which shall come into his hands, and for the disbursing of
such moneys, in the manner directed by a majority of the Trustees, clii. Public Schools Report. 1892
Meetings of the Board.
47. The Board of Trustees shall meet at least once in every three months.
Powers and duties of Trustees.
48. The Trustees shall take possession and have the custody of and safe keeping of all
public school property which has been acquired or given for public school purposes in such
district, and shall have power to acquire and hold as a Corporation, by any title whatsoever,
any land, movable property, or income for school purposes, and to apply the same according
to the terms on which the same were acquired or received; with the approval of the Council
of Public Instruction to do whatever they shall judge expedient with regard to the building,
repairing, renting, warming, furnishing, and keeping in order the district school-house or
houses, and the furniture and appendages belonging thereto, and the school lands and enclosures held by them; to visit, at least three times a year, each school under their charge,
and to see that it is conducted according to the authorized regulations; to see that no unauthorized books are used in the school, and that the pupils are duly supplied with a uniform
series of authorized text-books; to exercise all the corporate powers vested in them by this Act;
to cause to be prepared and read at the annual meeting of their district, their annual school
report for the year then terminating; and such report shall include, amongst other things, a
full and detailed account of the receipt and expenditure of all school moneys received and
expended in behalf of such district, for any purpose whatever, during such year; to prepare
and transmit annually, on or before the fifteenth day of July, a report to the Superintendent
of Education, signed by a majority of the Trustees, and specify therein—
(1.) The whole time the school in their district was kept by a  qualified  teacher,   during
the year ending the 30th day of June:
(2.) The amount of money received for the school district, and the manner in which such
money has been expended:
(3.) The whole number of children residing in the School District under the age of six
years and between six and sixteen, the number of children taught in the school or
schools respectively in such district, distinguishing the sexes, and the average attendance of pupils during the year :
(4.) The branches of education taught in the school, the number of pupils in each branch,
the number of visits made by each Trustee, the number of public school examinations,
visits, and lectures, and by whom made or delivered, and such other information as
may be required :
(5.) The uses to which the school buildings and lands have been applied during the year,
and the damage arising or the revenue derived therefrom.
Selection of Site for School-house.
49. The site on which to erect a school-house in a rural district shall be chosen by the
Trustees, who shall immediately thereafter call a special meeting of the voters of the district
to approve of the selection made; if a majority of the voters of such district present at this
meeting do not ratify the site chosen by the Trustees, the voters of the district shall at this
meeting determine upon a suitable site, and their decision, subject to the approval of the
Council of Public Instruction, shall finally decide the matter.
General Provisions.
Appointment and dismissal of Teachers.
50. The Trustees of any School District shall, from time to time, select and appoint (from
amongst those persons properly qualified) the teacher or teachers in the School District of such
Trustees, and may remove and dismiss such teacher or teachers upon giving at least thirty
days' notice to the teacher or teachers of such intention of removal and dismissal, and the
reasons therefor. The Trustees shall, upon notification from the Council of Public Instruction.
of the inefficiency or misconduct of the teacher, give such teacher thirty days' notice of 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. cliii.
dismissal. Nothing in this section shall be taken to confer on any teacher a right to such
thirty dajrs' notice, or salary in lieu of notice, where any teacher has been suspended by the
Trustees for gross misconduct: Provided, always, that in any case where the Trustees have
suspended or dismissed any teacher on a charge of gross misconduct, such teacher may appeal
to the Council of Public Instruction, who shall have power to take evidence and confirm or
reverse the decision of the Trustees ; but in case of a reversal of the decision, the teacher shall
not, without the consent of the Trustees, be reinstated in the same school.
Report to Superintendent of Education of appointments and dismissals.
51. The Trustees shall forthwith report to the Superintendent of Education the appointment, resignation, or dismissal of any teacher or teachers in their district, and in case of
dismissal must state the reasons for such dismissal.
Qualification of Teachers.
52. No person shall be appointed or retained as a teacher in any Public School, unless he
shall hold a First, Second, or Third Class Certificate, or a Temporary Certificate of Qualification.
When Temporary Certificates granted.
53. Temporary Certificates shall be granted according to the following regulations :—
(1.) The expression "persons properly qualified," in section 50 of  this Act,  shall  mean
persons holding a First, Second, or Third Class Certificate of Qualification : Provided, however, that the Trustees may, upon their satisfying- the Superintendent of
Education of their inability to secure a person properly qualified, suitable as a
teacher for their school, appoint as a teacher, temporarily, the holder of a temporary
certificate :
(2.) A temporary certificate shall be valid until the next public examination of teachers
has been held, and no longer, and no person to whom a temporary certificate has
been issued, who has neglected or failed to obtain at such next public examination a
First, Second, or Third Class Certificate, shall be entitled to receive a second Temporary Certificate, except in the case of the holder of an expired First, Second, or
Third Class Certificate, who may obtain a second Temporary Certificate upon satisfying the Superintendent of Education that he or she was prevented by illness or
other satisfactory cause from attending at such public examination.
Teachers' Certificates.
54. The Board of Examiners shall have authority to grant certificates as follows :—
(1.)  Third Class, Grade B., valid for one year :
(2.) Third Class, Grade A, valid for tw~o years :
(3.) Second Class, Grade B, valid for three years :
(4.) Second Class, Grade A, valid for five years :
(5.) First Class, Grade B, valid for life,  or during good behaviour,  if issued  after
July 1st, 1888 :
(6.) First Class, Grade A, valid for life,  or during good behaviour,   if  issued  after
July 1st, 1888.
By whom signed.
55. Every certificate of qualification obtained at any examination shall be signed by the
Superintendent of Education, and by at least one Examiner, and shall be countersigned by
the Provincial Secretary.
Moral character and fitness to teach.
56. No certificate shall be given to any person as a teacher who does not furnish satisfactory proof of good moral character, and satisfy the Board of Examiners that he or she is a
fit and proper person to be granted a certificate. cliv. Public Schools Report. 1892
Exemptions from Examination.
57. Graduates in Arts, of recognized British or Canadian Universities, who have proceeded regularly to their degrees, shall be exempt from examination in other than professional
subjects; but may be required by oral examination to further satisfy the Examiners as to
their knowledge of the Art of Teaching, School Discipline and Management, and the School
Law of the Province.
Certificates dated July 1st, 1888.
58. Every First Class, Grade A, Certificate, and every First Class, Grade B, Certificate,
in force on July 1st, 1888, shall, on application of the holder thereof, be renewed annually
until July 1st, 1893.
Certificate -holders who have taught for fifteen years.
59. All holders of certificates, who shall have taught in the Public Schools of the Province
for a period of fifteen years, shall be entitled to have their certificates renewed annually,
without examination, while they continue actively engaged in the service.
Public School Teachers and their Duties.
Duties of Teachers.
60. It shall be the duty of every teacher of a public school—
(1.) To teach diligently and faithfully all  the branches required  to  be  taught  in  the
school, according to the prescribed rules and regulations :
(2.) To keep the daily, weekly, and monthly registers of the school :
(3.) To maintain proper order and discipline in his school, according to the authorized
forms and regulations ; and to send to the parent or guardian of each pupil a monthly
report of the progress, attendance, and punctuality of such pupil:
(4.) To keep a visitors' book (which the Trustees shall provide) and enter therein the
visits made to his school, and, if deemed advisable, to present such book to such
visitor, and request him to make therein any remarks suggested by his visit:
(5.) At all times, when desired by them, to give to Inspectors and Trustees access to the
registers and visitors' book appertaining to the school, and upon his leaving the
school to deliver up the same to the order of the Trustees :
(6.) To have, at the end of each half-year, public examinations of his school, of which he
shall give due notice to the Trustees of the school, and through his pupils to their
parents and guardians :
(7.) To furnish to the Superintendent of Education, monthly, or when desired, any information which it may be in his power to give respecting anything connected with the
operation of his school, or in anywise affecting its interest or character:
(8.) To verify, by affidavit, before any Justice of the Peace, the correctness of such returns
as the Superintendent of Education may, from time to time, require to be so verified:
(9.) To give at least thirty days' notice to the Trustees of his or her intention of resigning:
(10.) To strictly obey the Rules and Regulations made by the Council of Public Instruction.
Salaries of Teachers.
61. Salaries of public school teachers shall be paid from the Provincial Treasury, but no
public school teacher shall be entitled to draw more than one salary for any month or portion
thereof.
General Provisions.
Schools to be non-sectarian.
62. All public schools established under the provisions of this Act shall be conducted on
strictly secular and non-sectarian principles. The highest morality shall be inculcated, but no
religious dogma nor creed shall be taught. The Lord's Prayer may be used in opening or
closing the school 56 Vict. Public Schools Report. civ.
Trustees and Clergy ineligible for certain positions.
63. No Trustee shall hold the office of teacher within the district of which he is a Trustee:
Provided, always, that no clergyman of any denomination shall be eligible for the position of
Superintendent, Inspector, Teacher, or Trustee.
School Property in Rural Districts.
64. School buildings and school lands in rural districts shall be under the control of the
Lands and Works Department; but no public school reserve shall be alienated without the
consent of the Trustees of the school district in which such reserve is situate.
Lieutenant-Governor may convey school lands to municipality for school purposes.
64a. It shall be lawful for the Lieutenant-Governor in Council to convey from time to
time such school lands within a municipality, or portions thereof, as he thinks fit, to the
Corporation of such municipality in trust for school purposes and the conducting of Public
Schools in accordance with the law for the time being in force, and subject to such further
trusts, conditions, and restrictions as may from time to time be determined by Order in
Council.    1892, c. 40, s. 15.
Public School Fund.
65. There shall be set apart by the officer in charge of the Treasury for the time being,
out of the general revenue of the Province, in each year, such sum as may be voted by the
Legislative Assembly for public school purposes, and the said sum of money shall be called the
"Public School Fund."
Compulsory  Clauses.
Children of school age must attend School.
66. Every child, from the age of seven to twelve, inclusive, shall attend some school, or
be otherwise educated for six months in every year; and any parent or guardian who does not
provide that every such child under his care shall attend some school or be otherwise educated,
shall be subjected to the penalties hereinafter provided by this Act.
Penalty in case of violation of preceding clause.
67. It shall be the duty of the Trustees of every Public School, or of the Superintendent
of Education, or any person authorized by them or him, after being notified that the parents
or guardians of any child continue to neglect or violate the provisions of the last preceding
section of this Act, to make complaint of such neglect or violation to a Magistrate or Justice
of the Peace ; and it shall be competent for the Police Magistrate of any city or town, and for
any Magistrate or Justice of the Peace in any town or school district where there is no Police
Magistrate, to investigate and decide in a summary manner upon any such complaint made by
the Trustees, or any person authorized by them, against any parent or guardian for violation
of the last preceding section of this Act, and to impose a fine not exceeding five dollars for the
first wilful offence, and double that penalty for each subsequent offence, which fine and penalty
shall be enforced as provided in the 71st section of this Act.
Exemptions from Compulsory Clause.
68. It shall be the duty of the Police Magistrate, or any Magistrate or Justice of the
Peace where there is no Police Magistrate, to ascertain, as far as may be, the circumstances of
any party complained of for not sending his child or children to some school, or otherwise
educating him or them ; and he shall accept any of the following as a reasonable excuse :—
(1.) That the child is under instruction in some other satisfactory manner:
(2.) That the child has been prevented from attending school by sickness, or any unavoidable cause:
(3.) That there is no public school open, which the child can attend, within a distance
not exceeding three miles measured according to the nearest passable road from the
residence of such child ; clvi. Public; Schools Report. 1892
(4.) That  such  child   has  reached  a  standard  of education of the same, or of a greater
degree, than that to be attained in such public school.
Penalties.
Penalty for false declaration of right to vote.
69. Any person wilfully making a false declaration of his right to vote shall, on a summary conviction thereof before any Justice of the Peace, be sentenced therefor to imprisonment for any period not exceeding three months, or to a fine not greater than one hundred
dollars.
Penalty for disturbing School Meetings or Schools.
70. Any person who. wilfully disturbs, interrupts, or disquiets the proceedings of any
school meeting authorized to be held by this Act, or any school established and conducted
under its authority, or interrupts or disquiets any public school by rude or indecent behaviour,
or by making a noise, either within the place where such school is kept or held, or so near
thereto as to disturb the order or exercises of such school, shall for each offence, on conviction
thereof before a Justice of the Peace, on the oath of one credible witness, forfeit and pay for
public school purposes, to the school district within which the offence was committed, such
sum, not exceeding twenty dollars, together with the costs of the conviction, as the said
Justice may think fit.
Recovery of Penalties.
71. All fines, penalties, and forfeitures mentioned in this Act may be sued for, recovered,
and enforced, with costs, by and before any Police Magistrate, Stipendiary Magistrate, or
Justice of the Peace having jurisdiction within the school district in which such fine or penalty
has been incurred ; and if any such fine or penalty and costs be not forthwith paid, the same
shall, by and under the warrant of the convicting Justice, be enforced, levied, and collected,
with costs of distress and sale of the goods and chattels of the offender, and shall by such
Justice be paid over to the Treasurer of the school district; and in default of such distress,
such Justice shall, by his warrant, cause the offender to be imprisoned for any time not
exceeding thirty days, unless the fine and costs, and the reasonable expenses of endeavouring
to collect the same, be sooner paid.
When Act shall come into operation.
72. This Act shall come into operation on the 30th day of June, 1891, and on that day
all School Trustees who may be acting as such for the school districts of the Cities of Victoria,
Vancouver, New Westminster, and Nanaimo, under any Acts now in force in the Province,
shall cease to act as such Trustees, and their powers and authorities shall cease and determine.
Acting Trustees to continue to act.
73. A School Trustee of a Rural District, who is acting as a Trustee on the day on which
this Act comes into force, shall continue to act as a Trustee under this Act for the same term
as he would have acted had this Act not come into force.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfenden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty 56 Vi
:t.                                 Public Schools Report.
cv.
APPENDIX J.
HIGH SCHOOLS EXAMINATION—MIDSUMMER,  1892.
Arithmetic.
1.
If 72 men dig a ditch 20 yds. long, 1 ft. 6 in. broad, 4 ft. deep,
each,   how  many  men would be required to dig a ditch ■
"broad, and 5 ft. deep, in 15 days of 9 hours each?
in 3 days of  10 hours
50 yds. long, 2 ft. 3 in.
0
What sum will amount to $27,783 in 3 years @ 5 % per annum
compound interest ?
3.
A gentleman has been receiving 12 % on his capital in Canada.    He goes to  England
to reside, and invests it in the 3 per cents @ 94|,  and his income in  England  is
£2,400.    What was his income in Canada, £1 being equal to $4.86|?
4.
(a.) What is meant by Arbitration of Exchange?
(b.) I owe $500 in Toronto.    What must I pay for a bill of exc
exchange being \ % discount ?
ttange for that amount,
5.
(a.) Find the square root of 15376.248001.
(b.) The  cost  of a  cubic  mass  of metal is .£10,481 Is. 4d. at 10s. 5d. a cubic inch.
What are the dimensions of the mass 1
6.
(a.) At what price must an article that cost $30 be marked so  that after  deducting
40 °/a from the selling price, 30 °/a profit may be realized ?
(b.) Write a ninety day promissory note for which you should get $240  at the Bank,
discount being 10 %.
7.
Simplify—
,   ,      4.4 + %
(a.) .
1   ; 7.375 + f -i
,, ,  .3125 x.666
(b.)                 ; .
9.9
Mental Arithmetic.
1.
What will 460 lbs. of tea cost & $ .48 a lb. ?
If 12 oz. of bread be destroyed in the manufacture of a gill of
whiskey, how much at that rate in making a gallon ?
If the weight of air be 15 lbs. on the square inch, what is it on
the square foot ?
Seven is three-fifths of what number ?
What is the value of 960 lbs. of wheat @ $2.25 a bushel ?
Ans. $	
2.
3.
Ans	
4.
5.
Ans	
6.
7.
At  what  rate  %  will $400 make $37.50 simple  interest in
1 yr. 3 mos. ?
What is the brokerage on $10,400 @ If % ?
A man buys bankrupt stock at $ .60 on the $1 per invoices,
and sells it at an average of 5 % advance on the invoice cost.
What % did he gain ?
Ans	
Ans. $	
8.
9.
In a High  School f of the pupils study Latin, 2/5 of the remainder study French, and the rest trigonometry, and there
are 5 more in trigonometry than in French.    How many
pupils in the school ?
K
. From the cube of 1.1 take the square root of 1.69, and multiply the remainder by 1,000.
Ans	 cvi. Public Schools Report. 1892
Mensuration.
1. The sides of a triangle are in the proportion of the numbers   13, 14, 15, and  the peri
meter is 70 yards : find the area.
2. A road runs round a circular shrubbery ; the outer circumference is 500 feet, and the
inner circumference is 420 feet: find the cost of  paving  the  road at $ .75 per
square foot.
3. A room  is   15  feet  long,   10  feet broad,  and 9 feet 9 inches high : find the cost of
painting the walls and the ceiling at Is. 9d. a square yard.
4. If an iron ball, 4 inches in diameter, weigh 91bs., find  the  weight of an  iron shell   2
inches thick, whose external diameter is 20 inches.
5. How many trees are there in a wood half a mile long and a quarter of a mile   wide, if
on an average four trees grow on each square chain?
6. (a.) How long a ladder is required to reach to the top of a tree SO feet high, if