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REPORT OF THE CHIEF COMMISSION OF LANDS AND WORKS OF THE PROVINCE OF BRITISH COLUMBIA, FOR THE YEAR ENDING… British Columbia. Legislative Assembly 1893

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 REPORT
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS
of the province of
BEITISH  COLUMBIA,
FOR   THE
YEAR ENDING 31st DECEMBER,
1892.
VICTORIA, B.C.:
Printed by Richard Wolfknden, Printer to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty 36 Vict. Public Works Report. 305
REPORT
OF   THE
CHIEF COMMISSIONER OF LANDS AND WORKS,
1892.
To the Honourable Edgar Dewdnby, Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of British
Columbia.
May it please Your Honour :
Herewith I beg respectfully to submit the Annual Report of my Department, in
compliance with the provisions of the Public Works Act.
F. G. VERNON,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works.
Lands and Works Department,
Victoria, B. C, 31st December, 1892. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 307
REPORT.
Victoria City District.
Government Buildings, Victoria.
On the 16 th June last a notice was published throughout the Dominion and the United
States inviting architects to submit competitive plans and estimates of cost for the construction
of Provincial Government Buildings.
Intending competitors were furnished with a printed list of departments, giving the
approximate number of rooms required in each, and also with the following particulars of
competition, viz.:
Particulars of Competition.
1. Competitors are invited to submit preliminary sketches in ink only, including brush
work, to a uniform scale of sixteen feet to one inch, and a short explanatory report, including
an estimate of the cost of each building; and a perspective, to be drawn on a sheet of half
double elephant size, may accompany these sketches.
2. Five designs will be selected from these preliminary sketches for a final competition.
The authors of the five selected designs will be paid an honorarium each of $750.00 on
submitting a second set of designs in accordance with clause 3.
3. Por the final competition, the designs submitted are to be of a uniform scale of eight
feet to an inch. Plans and elevations finished in ink only, as before. Full two months will
be allowed for this competition. Perspectives, if submitted, are to be in ink or sepia only,
without colouring ; or they may be etched.
4. Two geometric drawings may be submitted, drawn to a scale of four feet to an inch,
in which local colouring, in flat washes only, indicative of the material proposed to be used
may be shewn.
5. The amount proposed to be expended on the entire buildings is not to exceed $500,000,
within ten per cent.
6. Drawings will be excluded from competition at once—
(a.) If sent in later than the period named (accidents in transit excepted) :
(b.) If in violation of any of these instructions :
( c.) If they do not provide the accommodation called for :
(d.) If they exceed the limits of the site:
( e.) If, on the face of them, they exceed grossly the limit of cost prescribed.
7. It is suggested that the accommodation be arranged in four blocks as follows : 1st,
Administrative Building, containing the various departments ; 2nd, Legislative Assembly
Building; 3rd, Land Registry Building; and 4th, Printing Office; but it will be left to the
discretion of the competitors to arrange it in more or less if they think fit.
8. All designs received in competition will be submitted to two competent non-competing
architects, who, in conjunction with the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, shall
examine and advise which five designs shall be selected for final competition, and, in the
final competition, which design, in their opinion, should be placed first, the author of which
will be then entrusted with the execution of such portions of the works as the Government
may decide to proceed with, on the usual terms. 308
Public Works Report.
1892
9. All drawings shall have the " nom de plume " of their author clearly marked in the
right hand top corner, and shall be accompanied by a sealed envelope bearing on the outside
the same " nom de plume " and on the inside the full name and address of the said author.
The competitors in the final competition must adopt a fresh " nom de plume."
10. All designs for the preliminary competition must be sent in to the Chief Commissioner
of Lands and Works, Victoria, British Columbia, and all charges paid, not later than 30th
September, 1892, and marked "Plans for Government Buildings."
11. All drawings will be returned to their respective authors, carefully packed and prepaid.
Schedule of Materials and Labour.
For the purposes of foundations, the general subsoil may be taken as good solid clay, and
no blasting or other extra work need be allowed for, and the general ground may be taken as
level.
Excavating, 75 cents per cubic yard.
Rubble stone-work (in flat sandstone), $6.00 per cubic yard.
Do. for light work,        $3.50   „
Common brick-work, $15.00 per thousand in wall.
Common bricks on site, $7.60 per M.    Size, 8|" by 4|" by 2|".
Pressed        „ „      $35.00     „
Portland cement, $5 per barrel.
Dimensioned stone on site, 65 cents per cubic foot.
Dressed and moulded stone-work, in position, about
Grey granite, dimensioned, $1.00 per cubic foot.
Rough lumber, in building, $23.00 per M.
Best flooring, T. & G, $31.00 per M.
per cubic foot (carving extra).
Ordinary six panelled 1^-inch doors, and windows with l|-inch double hung sashes,
including weights and pulleys, and architraves (no other hardware), 50 cents per foot superficial
for good average class of work (but no hardwood).
Plastering, two-coat work, 25c. per yard superficial.
Do.       three-coat   n     30c.      m n
Do.        cornices and mouldings, 25c. per foot superficial (by girth).
Painting, three coats, 25c. per superficial yard.
Glazing, in 26-oz. glass, 50c. per foot, superficial, fixed.
Do. plate glass, under 10 feet superficial, 75c. per foot, fixed.
Roofing, with slates, $10.00 per square, fixed.
Do.   charcoal tin, $9.00 per square, fixed.
Galvanized iron skylights, with rough plate glass, $1.25 per foot superficial.
Average  Wages.
Carpenter,
$3.00 per
day
of
nine
hours
Bricklayer
and mason,
5.00      ,
Do.
do.
labourer,
2.50
Plumber and helper,
6.00
Plasterer,
5.00
Painter,
3.50 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 309
Designs were sent in and received up to 30th September, the time stipulated. Then,
with a desire that all competitors should feel assured of a fair and unprejudiced selection
being made, and acting upon the suggestion of the British Columbia Institute of Architects,
the Council of the Ontario Association of Architects were requested by the Government to
nominate two non-competing architects to act as experts in conjunction with the Honourable
the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works in the Government Buildings competition.
Accordingly Mr. S. G. Curry, President of the Ontario Association, and Mr. A. T. Taylor,
P.R.I.B.A., R.C.A., a member of the Council of the Quebec Association of Architects, were
appointed. After an exhaustive examination of the various designs these gentlemen handed
in the following report, viz.:—
Victoria, B.C., November 5th, 1892.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works,
Victoria, B.C.:
Sib,—In accordance with our appointment as experts to examine and advise on the plans
submitted in competition for the proposed new Government Buildings, we beg to report as
follows:—
Sixty-five sets of drawings have been sent in by sixty-two competitors. We have arranged
and carefully examined same, and have selected the following five designs to compete in the
second competition, viz.:—
No. 19, " Brittanicus."
No. 56, "A B.C. Architect."
No. 43, " St. George on Shield."
No. 25, "Utility and Dignity."
No. 17, " Utile Dulci."
Note.—These are placed alphabetically and not in order of merit.
We have selected the above as most nearly fulfilling the conditions and requirements of
the competition.
We regret that we were obliged to reject several designs of great merit on the ground
that the expense of carrying them out would grossly exceed the limit of cost stated in the
conditions of competition.
None of the designs submitted were entirely suitable in the internal arrangements of the
several departments, owing, we think, in a great measure, to the inadequacy of the information
furnished to the competitors.
We would respectfully suggest that as full information as possible of the requirements as
to space, and the internal working of the several departments, be furnished to the competitors
in the second competition.
We are, Sir,
Your obedient servants,
S. G. Cubby,
Andrew T. Taylor.
After this report had been received, the sealed envelope bearing the nom de plume of each
was opened and the names of the successful competitors were found to be—
" Brittanicus," F. M. Garden, Chicago, U. S.
" B. C. Architect," F. M. Rattenbury, Vancouver, B. C.
" St. George on Shield," J. F. Brown, Toronto, Ont.
" Utility and Dignity," Messrs. Skillings & Corner, Boston and Seattle, U.S.
" Utile Dulci," T. C. Sorby, Victoria, B.C. 310 Public Works Report. 1892
The five successful candidates have been requested to submit a second set of designs in
accordance with the terms of the competition and in conformity with the following conditions
and requirements, viz.:—
1. The entire cost of the proposed buildings is not to exceed $500,000. Any competitor
sending in a design which to carry out would exceed this amount will do so at the risk of
having his design set aside.
2. The following accommodation is to be provided :—
Lieutenant-Governor's Department.
Superficial area (about).
Lieutenant-Governor's Office      400 feet.
ii ii Private Secretary      250 n
Lands and  Works Department.
Chief Commissioner—1 room      400 n
1    „           250 ,i
Deputy n 1     ,,           350 „
Clerk of Records—1 room      200 m
Public office for the recording of land 1,200 n
Chief Clerk—1 room connecting with above ,      250 n
Book-keeper and 6 Clerks—1 room      700 n
Type-writer—1 room, near Deputy Commissioner      125 n
Public waiting-room         400 n
Public Works Engineer—2 rooms, each about      300 h
Surveyor-General—1 room      300 n
Draughtsmen      900 n
Large vault accommodation will be required, easy of access from all parts of the
office.    Size about 20 by 50 feet 1,000 ,,
One store-room      400 n
Treasury Department.
Minister of Finance and Agriculture—1 room      400 n
Waiting room      250 n
Auditor-General—1 room      200 n
Treasury Department—8 Clerks—1 room 1,500 n
Large vault for Treasury and Assessor in one      500 n
Assessor's Department joining Treasury.
Assessor and Collector, assistant and clerk—1 room      600 it
Agricultural Department—2 rooms, each about      300 m
Messenger's room      200 n
Provincial Secretary's Department.
Executive Council Room           600 n
Provincial Secretary—1 room      400 n
Private Secretary—1 room, connected with Provincial Secretary's room      250* n
Deputy Provincial Secretary—1 room      350 u
Clerk and Type-writer—1 room      300 n
Library—1 room      300 n
Waiting room . . .      300 m
Vault—adjoining Deputy Provincial Secretary's room      300 n
Immigration Agent      300 n
„      Clerks      250 „ 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 3il
Minister of Education.
Superficial area (about).
Minister of Education—1 room  400 feet.
Secretary—1 room  250
Superintendent of Education — 1 room  300
Two Inspectors of Schools and Clerks - 1 room  400
Waiting room       250
Vault— adjoining Inspectors' room  300
Large storage room for supplies and examination papers  400
Additional office  300
Type-writer  150
Attorney-General's Department.
Attorney-General—1 room  400
Stenographer—1 room, connected with Attorney-General's  250
Deputy Attorney-General—1 room  350
Crown Solicitor  300
Library—1 room  350
Clerks—1 room  400
Superintendent of Police—2 rooms, each       300
Vault—adjoining Clerk's room  500
Land Registry Office.
To be a detached two-story perfectly fire-proof building.
Ground floor :
Registrar-General—1 room  350
Deputy Registrar-General—1 room  350
Map room .'.'.  400
Copying room  200
Clerks' office for 6 men  1,500
Public room for receiving and examining documents  400
First floor—undivided.
Government Printing Office.
Detached two-story fire-proof building, with basement.
Basement floor:
Pressroom  2,000
Warehouse  1,000
Boiler   rooml
Engine    „     \  600
Fuel „     J
Ground floor:
Office  300
Queen's Printer  250
Stationery room  1,500
Mailing room  800
Room for proof-readers  250
Lithographic room  300
First floor :
Composing room ,  2,400   n
Book bindery  900   n
Store room  200   n 312 Public Works Report. 1892
Legislative Assembly.
Superficial area (abou t)
Hall of Assembly 2,750 feet.
Ministers' room        400 n
Speaker's       n       300 n
Members'      n       600 n
Smoking         n        600 n
Lunch ii    and kitchen.
Library  600 n
Four committee rooms from 400 to    600 n
Clerks's room    300 n
Solicitor's room ,  300 n
Note.—The general arrangement and disposition of the component parts of the buildings
must be with a view to convenience in the use for which they are designed. Security against
fire, modern improvements in ventilation and mode of heating and lighting must be provided.
An additional room or two for each Department should be provided where possible.
Lavatories.
Lavatories for the private use of the Chiefs and Deputy Chiefs of the Departments should
be provided in connection with the lavatories for the use of the Clerks, or, if convenient,
separately. There should be one or more lavatories for the use of the public conveniently
situated.
3. The following drawings are to be furnished by each competitor, and these only will be
received and considered, but alternative arrangements may be shown on any of the drawings
by flaps. They are to be accompanied by a memorandum, type-written, explaining any points
in the design not obvious from an inspection of the drawings, and also describing the nature
and quality of the materials proposed to be used in the erection of the buildings :—
Block plan of site, showing position of buildings ;
Plans of the different floors, including the basement of each building;
Four elevations of each building ;
Transverse and longitudinal sections of the principal building, and one section of the
minor buildings;
One sheet of details of the exterior and one sheet of details of the interior of the principal
building;
One perspective showing the buildings placed upon the site as suggested by the competitor.
4. The general drawings are to be made to a uniform scale of an eighth of an inch to the
foot, and finished in line with Indian ink. The detail drawings are to be prepared to a scale
of one-half of an inch to the foot.
5. There is to be no brush work, except in blacking in the windows and the sectional
portions of the plans and sections. Colour in flat brush work may be used in showing the
materials on the sheets of details. The lettering and figuring is to be plain and simple, and is
to be confined to the names and dimensions of the rooms, written in the middle of each
without explanatory notes, which are to be placed by themselves in a separate memorandum.
The number of square feet in each room is to be given, as well as its lineal dimensions. These
drawings are to be made on good white paper.
6. The perspective may be in ink or sepia only, without colouring, or they may be etched,
but without any unnecessary accessories such as sky or figures. It is to be set up from a
sixteenth of an inch scale plan.
7. The sanitary arrangements, heating, and ventilation are to be carefully studied and
clearly shown on the drawings, or on separate drawings prepared for that purpose, as may be
preferred.    They are also to be fully described in the accompanying type-written memorandum.
8. It is desirable that the principal building should not be placed in advance of the front
row of existing buildings, nor that any of the existing buildings should he disturbed until the
proposed new buildings are ready for occupation.
9. The decision as to the merits of the respective designs submitted in. this competition
will be governed by clause 8 in the original particulars issued for the first competition for
these buildings. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 313
10. The competitors are at liberty to modify or change their designs to meet the
accompanying explanatory statement of requirements, but not to alter the style or character
of the exterior design.
11. Any information which the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works may find
proper to communicate to any of the competitors in answer to questions or suggestions, will
be made in print and communicated to all the rest. Such questions or suggestions must be
received on or before the 10th day of December, at the Lands and Works Office, Victoria.
12. All drawings shall have the nom de plume of their author clearly marked in the right
hand upper corner. With these drawings shall be enclosed a sealed envelope bearing on the
outside the same nom de plume and containing the full name and address of the author. The
competitors in this competition must adopt a fresh nom de plume.
13. All designs must be sent in to the Chief Commissioner of Lands and Works, Victoria,
B.C., and all charges paid, not later than 10th February, 1893, and marked " Plans for Government Buildings."
14. The drawings will  be returned  to their  respective  authors,  carefully packed   and
prepaid.
Explanatory Remarks.
Descriptive of the arrangement for floor plans of the various Departments.
1st. The Lands and Works Department is one which probably does the most business
with the general public, and should consequently be placed upon the ground floor. One of
the principal features of this Department should be a large room in which persons can examine
maps and transact business in connection with Crown lands. This room should be divided in
two, say down the middle, by a broad-topped counter about forty feet long, one side being for
the public and the other for officials. This room, which may be known as the Record Room,
must have direct communication, on the official side of the counter, with a large vault, and, if
possible, with the offices of the Chief Clerk, Clerk of the Records, Book-keeper, and Clerks,
ifec, &c. The Draughtsmen do not come in contact with the public, so their room may be
more remote, but must have direct connection with the record vault; the Surveyor-General's
office must be near the draughting-room. The Chief Commissioner and Deputy-Commissioners'
rooms should be adjoining, and near the public waiting-room, and beyond that again the rooms
of the Public Works Engineer may be situated. In a word, the various rooms should be in a
compact shape, and not separated by long passages.
2nd. The Treasury comes next in importance so far as being in constant touch with the
public, and should also be on the ground floor. The business of this Department is similar in
many respects to that of a bank, consequently its main features should be a large room
arranged very much the same as a bank usually is. The public should be separated from the
officials by a well-designed counter, about thirty feet long. The officials should have direct
communication with the rooms of the Minister of Finance, the Auditor-General, and with the
large vault. The Assessor and Collectors' room should be near the Treasury, and have at
least fifteen feet of counter space. If more convenient, a separate vault, about one hundred
superficial feet area, may be provided for the use of the Assessor. The rooms for the
Agricultural department should be near that of the Minister of Finance. An office for the
Lieutenant-Governor, and one for his Private Secretary, should be provided near the main
entrance.
3rd. The Departments of the Provincial Secretary, Education, and Attorney-General
should be arranged on somewhat similar lines, compactness being studied and long halls
avoided. If the Hall of Assembly is provided for in the Administrative Building, the
Attorney-General's Department should occupy the same floor.
4th. The Assembly Hall should be arranged so that one end of the room opens on to a
private lobby for the members, with a large public lobby or hall outside of same. The other
or Speaker's end of the room should open on to a private passage, say ten feet wide, giving
access to the rooms occupied by the Ministers, Speaker, and clerks.
The members' room should be of easy access from the Assembly Hall. The general
public should not have access to these rooms. 314 Public Works Report. 1892
The committee rooms should be convenient to the Assembly Hall, and of easy access by
persons having business with the committees.
A cloak room, fitted with small wardrobes for the members, should be provided near to
the members' lavatory.
A reporters' gallery, with a small room convenient to same, should be provided, placed in
a position to permit the reporters distinctly hearing the speakers.
A public gallery to seat about one hundred persons, and a small gallery for ladies, are
also required.
No gallery should overhang or overlook the desks of the members, if it is possible to
arrange them otherwise.
A private lavatory for the use of the Ministers and Speaker should be provided.
The members' lavatory should be convenient, ample, and well lighted.
5th. In the Land Registry building the most important room is the general office, in
which records are entered in various registration books, by say half a dozen or more clerks.
These books are kept on their respective desks at all times, and are accessible during business
hours to any person who may require to make an official search. The offices of the Registrar-
General and Deputy Registrar may be reached through this room. Wall space must be
provided for file cabinets in or adjacent to this room.
6th. Printing Department : Rear entrance to basement for machinery and paper, and
convenient to lift.     Warehouse to adjoin press-room.
Mailing room to adjoin stationery room on ground floor.
Store room to adjoin composing room on upper floor.
Hoist from press-room to composing room, through or close to mailing room, and easy of
access to bindery.
Provide for about twenty-five horse power boiler and engine.
Ample lavatories and water-closets to be provided.
All constructional iron work in the Land Registry building and in the Printing Office
must be protected from the effects of fire.
Victoria Gaol.
Waller & Downer, Contractors, $1,610.
Installed a hot water heating apparatus in the prisoners' wards, the office, chapel, guards'
room, &c, and furnished all labour and materials necessary, including one No. 5
"Daisy" boiler, complete ; fifteen vertical loop "Stafford" cast-iron radiators, pipes,
valves, cocks, &c, &c.
A substantial stone wall twelve feet high, laid up in cement mortar, has been built round
the prisoners' exercising yard. The stone was quarried by the prisones, who also aided
the mason in building the wall.
Tolmie School-House (Addition).
A. C. Theobald, Contractor, $975.
Furnished all plant, labour, and material; erected and completed a frame building 22 feet
by 60 feet, comprising two school-rooms, each 22 feet by 26 feet,  and an entry and
cloak-room 8 feet by 18 feet.
Each room has a louvre ventilator in the ceiling; the walls are lathed and plastered and
wainscoted throughout, and furnished with blackboard surface all round.    The building
is enclosed with rustic, has double floors sound-deadened, and is painted two coats-.
Desks and seats for pupils and teachers were provided by the contractor.
The new building forms a front to the old one, which was  raised  3  feet  and has  been
painted and repaired. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 315
Victoria District.
Saanich Main Road.
W. H. Snider, Contractor,
Lowered and improved the grades on the " Company's Hill" by cutting down the hills
and filling up the hollows. Roadway at bottom of cuts 25 feet wide; side slopes 1 to
1. Embankments 30 feet wide; side slopes 1 \ to 1. Excavated 2,200 cubic yards.
Length of cutting 898 feet, ranging from 6 inches to 5 feet deep.
Julius Brethour, Superintendent.
Wain's Ceoss Road.
Gravelled 800 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep,
Ditches cleaned.
School-House Cross Road.
Gravelled 550 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cadboro Bat Road.
Road widened, ditched and gravelled 620 yards.
Bridge lengthened 25 feet, 15 feet wide, 6 feet high.
Filled holes and made general repairs.
West Road.
Graded 750 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 1,550 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes and made general repairs.
Boleskine Road.
Graded 800 yards, 20 feet wide.
Made 2 culverts, 1 foot by 2 feet, 20 feet long.
Made sidewalk, 41 yards, 4 feet wide; 154 yards, 3 feet wide.
Harriet Street.
Forest cleared and levelled, 780 yards, 15 feet wide.
Mount Newton Cross Road.
Gravelled 310 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled in holes.
Brown's Cross Road.
Gravelled 383 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cleaned out ditches and filled in holes.
Carey's Road.
Graded 770 yards.
Cut one hill down 20 feet wide, 2 feet deep, 45 feet long.
,i ,i 20        ,i 3        „ 60
Macadamized 1,000 yards, and blinded with earth 10 feet wide and 7 inches deep.
Durance's Cross Road.
Graded 90 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelled 100 yards, 9 feet wide, 8 inches deep 316 Public Works Report. 1892
Davis' Cross Road.
Filled 75 yards long, 20 feet wide, 4 feet deep.
McTavish's Cross Road.
Graded     600 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 600    n 9 n        7 inches deep.
Mount Newton Cross Road (Extension).
Filled 35 yards, 5 feet deep, 20 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 4 by 4 feet, 24 feet long.
Grubbed stumps and removed stones, distance 500 yards.
Lime-kiln Road.
Removed stumps and stones and made general repairs with gravel.
Cordova Bay Road.
Cut out timber on side of road, cleaned ditches, and repaired road with gravel.
Cedae Hill Road.
Gravelled 800 yards, 11 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
400      n      14        ,, 6
Made 3 culverts, 24 feet long, 12 by 12 inches.
Saanich and Bubnside Ceoss Road.
Graded 2,215 yards, 18 feet wide.
Macadamized 2,215      n      10        n        7 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts, 20 feet long, 2 feet by 18 inches.
Blasted rock to widen road.
Lake Hill Road.
Chopped and cleared 892 yards, 80 feet wide.
Graded 892      „      40        ■■
Made one fill, 3 feet deep, 40 feet wide, 65 yards long.
ii „      8        n 40        ii 65 ,i
ii n      2        n 40        H 65 m
ii     one culvert, 60 feet long, 20-inch sewerage pipe.
Burnside and Gorge Cross Road.
Grubbed and graded 950 yards, 20 feet wide.
Filled hollow 3 feet, 30 yards long.
Made one culvert, 24 feet long, 2 feet by 2 feet.
East Road.
Gravelled 500 yards, 9 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
Filled holes with gravel, repaired culverts, and cut brush on side of road.
Dug and cleaned ditches.
Gordon Head Road.
Gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Main Saanich Road.
Company's Hill cut down, according to contract.
One fill, 3 feet deep, 30 feet wide, 80 yards long.
One culvert, brick on stone foundation, and arched, 30 feet long, 5 feet by 6 feet.
Macadamized 700 yards, 16 feet wide, 10 inches deep. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 317
Dean's Cross Road.
Rocked     100 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 150      „      12 „ 7
Made 2 culverts, 20 feet long, 12 by 12 inches.
Finerty and Cadboro Bay Cross Road.
Grubbed and levelled 780 yards.
Cut hill down 2\ feet.
Made 2 culverts, 18 feet long, 1 foot by 2 feet.
Finerty's Road.
Gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
One culvert repaired.
Calvin Street.
Made one culvert, 26 feet long, 4 feet by 3 feet.
White Street.
Graded      130 yards, 30 feet wide.
Gravelled 130      n      11 n        7 inches deep.
Prospect Lake Road.
Made one bridge.
Repaired culverts and filled holes.
Hammill Street.
Graded     80 yards, 30 feet wide.
Gravelled 80      n      11 n 7 inches deep.
Second Street.
Gravelled 200 yards, 10 feet wide, 7 inches deep.
Beacon Avenue.
Gravelled 500 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
King's Cross Road.
Filled holes with gravel and renewed 3 culverts.
Gorge Road.
Gravelled 300 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes and cleaned ditches.
Burnside Road.
Made general repairs.
Downies' Cross Road.
Fixed culverts and repaired road with gravel.
Saanich and Cedar Hill Cross Road.
Made general repairs. 318 Public Works Report. 1892
Esquimalt District.
Sooke Road.
Arthur Peatt, Superintendent.
January—Repaired 3 culverts, cut out timber and brush on the Sooke and Otter Point
roads; cleaned out ditches, and made some repairs to Rocky Point road.
Metchosin Road.
February—Cleaned out ditches and filled up holes with gravel, made a new cedar culvert,
did some grading on the Happy Valley Road ; repaired 2 culverts on the Rocky Point
Road ; repaired 5 culverts, filled up some bad holes with rock and gravel, cut out brush
and timber, and made some general repairs on the Sooke Road.
Otter Point Extension.
April—Laid out 5 miles of Trail.
Happy Valley Road.
May—Graded 28 yards, gravelled 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; cut hill down at junction
of Metchosin Road, 140 feet long, 16 feet wide, 3| feet deep; brushed out half a mile.
Metchosin Road.
May—Graded and gravelled 413 yards, 21 feet wide; gravelled 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep;
gravelled 508 yards, 12 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; brushed out 1 mile.
Otter Point Extension.
June and July—Grubbed and graded 3-| miles of road, 8 feet wide; made l-1- miles of trail,
grubbed and graded 4 feet wide; made 1 bridge, 30 feet long, 14 feet wide ; 2 bridges,
12 feet long, 14 feet wide, covered with split cedar covering ; made 5 cedar culverts,
14 feet long, 2x4; repaired sidewalk on Esquimalt Road.
Otter Point Road.
July—Re-formed 1,600 yards old road, straightened bends, gravelled and ditched 110
yards, 10 feet wide and 6 inches deep; made 6 new cedar culverts, 2x4 ; put new hand-
railing on bridge.
Milne s Road.
July—Made ^ mile of new road, 10 feet wide ; put in one new culvert, and repaired
3 others.
Happy Valley Road.
August and September—Grubbed and graded 420 yards, gravelled 12 feet wide, 6 inches
deep, and ditched ; put in 3 new cedar culverts ; widened out hill near Cole's, 3 feet;
blasted out boulders, filled up holes, brushed out and made general repairs.
Fork Lake Road.
August and September—Grubbed and graded 1| miles, 8 feet wide ; brushed out | mile
trail to Fork Lake ; made 1 bridge, 26 feet long, 14 feet wide, cedar covering ; made
1 large culvert, 16 feet long, 5x6 ; 4 culverts, 16 feet long, 2x4.
Beecher Bay Extension.
August and September—Formed and graded | mile, 16 feet wide. This road is now
completed.
Jameson's Road, Sooke.
August and September—Close chopped, took out stones and roots 1,438 yards ; graded 88
yards, 10 feet wide; made 3 new cedar culverts, and 1 bridge 20 feet long by 14 feet. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 319
Cutler's Road.
September—Graded 444 yards, 8 feet wide; put in 2 large cedar culverts.
Muir's Road.
September—Ditched 188 yards of road, 14 feet wide; put in 2 culverts, and repaired
bridge.
Beecher Bay Road.
September—Re-formed 506 yards of road, 14 feet wide; 160 yards, 16 feet wide; blasted
out a point of rock; straightened 4 bends, brushed out; made 1 new bridge, 25 feet
long, 14 feet wide ; repaired 4 culverts.
Rocky Point Road.
September—Gravelled 459 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep; cleaned out ditches; filled
up 181 yards centre of road with gravel; deepened 491 yards of ditch; made 25 yards
of new road, 14 feet wide; brushed out one mile of road; made new bridge, 30 feet
long, 14 feet wide, raised 5 feet higher than old bridge, covered with 3-inch plank ;
filled in the approaches.
Millstream Road.
October—Rocked and gravelled 260 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches of broken rock, 6 inches
of gravel; filled up holes, took out rocks and roots ; did some grading, and made
general repairs between Wale's and Dixon's.
Craigflower Road.
November—Put in one large cedar culvert, 25 feet long, 5x8; cribbed up sides with fir
logs.
Sooke Wharf Road.
November—Graded 210 yards, 14 feet wide ; cut down bank, 10 feet high; cribbed 89
yards ; filled in approach to wharf; repaired 274 yards of old road, put in 1 new culvert;
filled up some bad holes on the Sooke Road.
Happy Valley Road.
December—Built 1 new bridge, 28 feet long, 14 feet wide, 1 bent re-covered partly with
new covering ; cut out timber Otter Point, Sooke, and Happy Valley Roads.
Sooke Wharf.
W. Clarke, Superintendent.
Built a substantial wharf at a convenient site on Sooke Harbour.
Old Esquimalt Road, )
Craigflower Road, > R. S. Cavan, Foreman.
The Admiral's Road, )
Made general repairs throughout.
Sooke Road.
Samuel Morrow, Foreman.
June—Graded 170 yards, 16 feet wide ; macadamized 61 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 in. deep;
gravelled  81 yards,  10 feet wide,  6 inches deep; made 5 culverts, 17x2 x 1 \ feet;
ditched 30 yards, 2 feet deep ; blasted out boulders and rock, filled ruts and holes, and
made general repairs.
July—Graded 335 yards, 16 feet wide ; gravelled 186 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep ;
made 2 culverts, 13x3 x 2 ; blasted out rock, and made general repairs.
August—Filled in 44 yards,   16 feet wide,  3 feet deep ; macadamized 14 yards,  9 feet
wide, 5 inches deep ; gravelled 14 yards, 9 feet wide, 5 inches deep; made 2 culverts,
16 x 2 x 1|-; cribbed 30 feet, 2\ feet high ; built 100 feet of stone wall,  3 feet high ;
made sundry repairs, 320 Public Works Report. 1892
Cowichan District.
Silver Mine Road (Extension No. 2).
A. T. F. Turner, Contractor, $180.
Forest cleared 1640 yards, 14 feet wide.
Grubbed 1640     „        8
Graded 1640     "        8
Made a bridge 24 feet long, 14        n 6 feet high.
ii ii       46 ii        14 ii       10 ii with   three   spans;   span   at  either
end being 10 feet 6 inches, and centre span 25 feet. West end of larger bridge rests
on a crib of cedar logs securely land-tied. Each bridge has 4 cedar stringers 14 inches
in diameter, covering of split cedar, and a substantial handrail 3 feet 6 inches high.
Old Koksilah Road (deviation near McPherson's railway station).
Robert M. Colvin, Contractor, $383.
Forest cleared 815 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed 815      „      14
Graded 815      „      14
Made two culverts of cedar :
18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
18    ii 8    ii 1    ii    6 inches.
This contract includes very heavy  cuttings  and  fills,  with  necessary cribwork securely
land-tied.
Shawnigan Lake, West Shore Road (construction of four bridges).
Charles E. McKean, Contractor, $305.
(a.) Constructed a bridge over lake outlet, 125 feet in length, 14 feet wide, and 8 feet
high above low water, resting on cedar mud sills, 18 inches diameter at either end,
composed of 5 spans with 4 bents of 4 posts each (2 outer posts raking), gained into
caps and mud-sills. Bridge has 4 stringers of cedar, 14 inches diameter, flattened on
upper surface, and spotted on to caps, covering of 4-inch split cedar, and substantial
handrail 3 feet 6 inches high, braced every 10 feet.
(6.) Made a bridge over a slough 78 feet 6 inches in length, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high,
composed of 3 spans with 2 bents, and constructed of the like materials and in the
same manner as bridge (a).
(c.) Made a bridge over a slough 60 feet iii length, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high,
composed of 3 spans with 2 bents, and constructed in like manner as bridge (a).
(d.) Made a bridge 42 feet 3 inches in length, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high, with 1
bent in centre, constructed otherwise in like manner as bridge (a).
Glenora Road (construction of a bridge and filling over a slough near the Koksilah railway
station).
James Menzies, Contractor, $150.
Furnished all necessary material and labour and constructed a bridge 72 feet 6 inches in
length, 14 feet wide, and 10 feet 6 inches high, composed of 3 spans with 2 bents,
each end of bridge resting on a crib of cedar logs. Each bent has 4 posts (2 outer
posts raking) gained into caps and mud-sill, the latter being sunk in bed of slough
so as to rest on a solid bed. Bridge has 4 stringers of cedar, 14 inches in diameter,
hewn on upper surface and spotted on to caps, is floored with 3-inch sawn plank, and
has a substantial handrail of sawn lumber 3 feet 6 inches high, posts being mortised
into flooring and braced every 10 feet.
Made a fill at north approach to bridge 50 yards long, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet deep,
and made a piece of road at south approach 30 yards in length and 14 feet wide.
Gravelled approaches 80 yards, 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 321
Victoria and Nanaimo Trunk Road.    (Reconstruction of bridge over the outlet of Quam-
ichan Lake).
Robert S. Smith, Contractor, $370.
Furnished all labour and material and erected a bridge 97 feet 6 inches in length, 14
feet wide, and 25 feet high, consisting of 4 spans with 3 bents. East end of
bridge resting on a crib work of logs securely land-tied, and the west end cedar mud
sills. Each bent has four posts (two outer posts raking) gained into cap and mud
sill, and pinned to cap with iron bolts, and is sway-braced with 12x3 sawn plank
bolted through posts. Bridge has 4 stringers of red fir 14 inches in diameter, hewn on
upper and lower surfaces, and spotted on caps, is floored with 3-inch sawn plank and
has a substantial handrail of sawn lumber 3 feet 6 inches high, posts of 4x4, mortised
into floor plank, and braced every 9 feet.
A guard fence of substantial construction is erected on the south side of the road at the
east approach to the bridge, 60 feet in length and 3 feet 6 inches high, and a like
fence 12 feet long at the west approach.
Proper approaches are constructed at either end of the bridge and gravelled 9 feet wide,
6 inches deep.
Cowichan Lake North Shore Road.    (Completion of a deviation between McCallum's and
Price and Jaynes').
H. C. Sutherland, Contractor,
Forest cleared 1,207 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed 1,207      „      16
Graded 1,207      .,      12
Made 9 culverts, each being 14 feet wide, with opening 2 feet by 1 foot of cedar logs,
covered with split cedar 4 inches thick, with necessary ditches and tail drains.
Made a bridge 16 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 5 feet high, having 3 cedar stringers 14
inches diameter resting on cedar mud sills at either end, and covered with 4-inch split
cedar.
Made a corduroy 30 feet long, 14 feet wide, of 6-inch split logs, and covered same with
earth 9 inches deep.
Made several small cuts and fills, ditched and supported outer side of road with log crib-
work where necessary.
Victoria-Nanaimo Teunk Road.    (Mr. Pimbury's to Mr. Corfield's).
Bridge Party.
William J. Shearing, Foreman.
August—Filled with gravel one unnecessary culvert 12 feet by 18 feet by 3 feet.
October—Repaired with gravel whole section of road.
Pimbury's Bridge.
August—Drove 41 piles, 15 inches diameter, 8 to 14 feet deep. (This includes three
sets of 3 piles, each chained together for hanging sheer boom to.) Bridge piles cut off
and caps placed in position.
Got out all timber, squared same and hauled on bank ready for use.
September—Completed reconstruction of bridge. Bridge is a Queen truss 185 feet long,
14 feet wide, and 8 feet high above ordinary high tides, resting on crib-work at each
end. Trussed span is 60 feet with two small spans of 26 feet and 30 feet at the north
end, and two spans of 30 feet and 39 feet respectively at the south end. Bridge has
throughout four stringers of squared timber (fir) 10 inches by 14 inches, with corbels
10 inches by 12 inches by 18 feet long under all the four bents. Each bent consists of
double rows of piles with caps 14 inches by 14 inches on each set of piles. The
flooring of bridge is of 12-inch by 3-inch sawn plank, and there is a substantial handrail of sawn lumber.
Got out and hung sheer booms on each side of river to protect bridge,
Made a new pile-driver, 322 Public Works Report. 1892
Clem-clem-aulte Bridge.
October—Drove piles ; put in and hung new sheer booms.
Corfield's Bridge.
October—Put five new planks in flooring of bridge.
November—Put four new stringers 55 feet long in lieu of old stringers, and repaired
generally damage to bridge caused by freshet.
Cowichan Whaef.
October—Put in several props to shore up land end of wharf.
Duncan Beidge.
October—Cut timber for construction of sheer-dam. Water in Cowichan River rose too
rapidly to permit of completion of this work.
" A " Road Paety.
Peter McLennan, Foreman.
February—Cut out fallen timber and cleared for traffic Mill Road and other roads in
Shawniga.n District.
March—Repaired covering of bridge on Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road near to and
south of J. Dougan's.
Cut out fallen timber and cleared for traffic Hopkins' Cross Road, Dobson's Road, and
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road to south boundary of district.
April-May—Cut out fallen trees and cleared for traffic Shawnigan Lake Road, Victoria-
Nanaimo Trunk Road, Silver Mine Road.
Victoeia-Nanaimo Teunk Road.
June—Repaired   bridge  near Cowichan wharf.    Four new stringers   16 feet   6  inches
long,   and  covering of  split  cedar  4  inches  thick.    Raised  bridge  1   foot and made
approaches good with earth and gravel.
Made two culverts of cedar, one 15 feet by 6 feet by 14 inches, and the other 15  feet by
1 foot by 1 foot.
Re-graded 60 yards, and widened same from 8 to 12 feet.
Cleared out 1,500 yards of ditch.
Made 23 yards of ditch 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Gravelled 234 yards 9 feet wide and 4 inches deep.
July—Forest    cleared    2,660 yards, 24 feet wide.
Re-graded  and widened 1,087      n      12 h
Gravelled 557      n        8 n 4 inches deep.
Ditched 900 yards 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Filled in 85 yards (that had settled) 6 feet wide with earth and gravel.
Made four culverts of cedar 15 feet by 1 foot, 6 inches by 1 foot.
August—Cleared away bridge at Ranyard's Crossing, and in lieu made a filling 50 yards
long, 5 feet deep, and 12 feet wide on top.
Made a culvert of cedar 20 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot.
September—Gravelled 105 yards 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Fischer's Road.
July—Forest cleared 730 yards 24 feet wide.
Re-graded 730     n     12        „
Made the following cuttings :—
24 yards long, 2 feet deep, 12 feet wide.
35 ii 2    ii    6 inches deep, 12 feet wide.
22 n 1    ii   deep, 12 feet wide. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 323
And the following fills :—
22 yards long, 2 feet deep, 12 feet wide.
38 ii 2    ii    3 inches deep, 12 feet wide.
24 M 1    ii   deep, 12 feet wide.
32 ii 2    m    10 inches deep, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 82 yards 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Re-covered a culvert 15 feet by 1 foot 6 inches.
Made a culvert of cedar 15 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
September—Gravelled 30 yards 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Repaired ruts and holes with gravel.
Mill Road.
August—Gravelled 564 yards, 8 feet wide, and 4 inches deep.
Cleared out 50 yards of ditch.
September—Gravelled 131 yards 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Repaired bridge near Mr. H. Smith's, closed up covering, and put in six new pieces.
Made a culvert of cedar 15 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot.
Shawnigan Lake Road.
August—Cleared off logs and brush, 440 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 170 yards, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 120 yards, 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made 2 culverts of cedar, 15 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Mill Bay Road.
August—Re-graded 710 yards, and widened to 12 feet.
Gravelled 20 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Gravelled 213 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched 710 yards, 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made a fill at Hay's Bridge, 20 yards long, 1J feet deep and 12 feet wide.
Made 4 culverts of cedar, 2 being 16 feet by 1 foot six inches by 1 foot, and two 15 feet
by 1 foot six inches by 1 foot.
Shawnigan Lake, West Shore Road.
September—Graded 110 yards, 5 feet wide.
ii 2      „'    10
Cleared off logs and fallen timber, 880 yards, 8 feet wide.
Made a culvert of cedar, 12 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
November—Grubbed and graded 80 yards,   12 feet wide,  to make connection with the
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.
Silver Mine Road.
September—Repaired 6 culverts, and gravelled over same.
Made 4 culverts of cedar, 15 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Filled ruts and holes 210 yards, and over culverts 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road—(Deviation near Shawnigan Lake Hotel.)
November—Grubbed and graded 300 yards, 12 feet wide.
Cowichan River Road.
"C" Road Party.
George Mark, Foreman.
June—Gravelled 808 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled ruts and hollows, and generally repaired, 720 yards of road.
Raised culvert at south approach to Cowichan River Bridge,  1 foot 6 inches, 78 feet
in length. 324 Public Works Report. 1892
Filled in south approach to bridge to make a grade of 1 in 20, and widened approach
from 12 feet to 18 feet, and gravelled same 30 yards, 18 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Constructed guard-rail, 3 feet 6 inches high and 24 feet long, at west side of same
approach.
Made a culvert of cedar, 18 feet by 6 inches by 6 inches.
Koksilah Junction Road.
June—Filled holes and ruts and made general repairs to 885 yards of road.
Ditched 50 yards in length, 3 feet by 3 feet by 2 feet.
Filled up slough, 30 yards long, 18 feet wide, and 2 feet 6 inches deep.
Repaired with gravel f mile of road.
Glenora Road.
June—Gravelled 80 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Filled holes and ruts and made general repairs with gravel, to 100 yards of road.
July—Gravelled 70 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
598     „      9        n 4
Filled holes and ruts and made general repairs with gravel, to 150 yards of road.
South Sahtlam Road (Robinson's Road).
July—Made small general repairs on 1300 yards of road.
Quamichan Boundary Road.
July—Forest cleared, 460 yards, 20 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded, 460 yards, 12 feet wide. (This is a deviation to straighten road
and improve the grade.)
Made general repairs and rounded up 150 yards of road.
Made a culvert of cedar, 18 feet by 4 feet by 1 foot.
Put 2 new posts in bridge at Keating's Flat.
August—Made a deviation :
Grubbed      460 yards,  10 feet wide.
Graded 460      ,.      10
Corduroyed    14      n      14      n        , and covered same with earth and gravel 6 in. deep.
Cut down a hill 30 yards long, 12 feet wide and 1 foot 6 inches deep.
Filled a hollow 25 yards long, 12 feet wide and 1 foot 6 inches deep.
Raised road across Keating's Swamp, 70 yards in length, 12 feet wide and 1 foot high.
Marshall's Road.
August—Cleared out obstructions in creek to carry water clear of bridge.
Beach Road.
" D " Road Party.
Alexander Reid, Foreman.
January—Constructed   12 yards cribbing, 7 feet high.
ii 172    ii ii 2 feet 6 inches high.
,i 20    „ „ 1    „    6
n 7    ii ii 5   ii ii
ii 7    it M In ii
And filled in same with brush, gravel and earth.
Filled in 49 yards of old crib work with brush and earth (where washed out by storm).
Repaired 3 culverts.
Repaired bridge at Indian Ranch, and filled in approaches with brush and earth.
February—Cleared out landslide.
Repaired a culvert.
Filled holes and ruts with brush, earth and gravel. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 325
July—Constructed  20 yards of cribbing,   6 feet high, with 80 feet of handrail,  3 feet 6
inches high.
Cleared out slides and ditches.
Gravelled 142 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
August—Gravelled 180 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Made 4 culverts of cedar, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
November—Repaired bridge ; filled holes and ruts with brush and earth.
Riverside Road.
January—Cutting out fallen trees and clearing road for traffic.
September—Widened 152 yards long to 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 180 yards, 7 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Ditched 86 yards, 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made 2 culverts of cedar, 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Flats, Koksilah Road.
January—Repaired holes on 1 mile of road with brush and gravel.
February—Made 20 feet of cribbing,  2 feet high,  and filled same with brush and gravel.
August—Gravelled 412 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Ditched 230 yards, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Moved back 200 yards of Indian snake fence.
Repaired covering and handrails of small bridges.
November—Filled and repaired holes with brush and gravel.
Replaced bridge washed out of position by flood, and cleared logs and driftwood off road.
Old Koksilah Road.
January—Ditched (at Mearn's Hill) 20 yards in length, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot, and
filled holes and ruts with brush and gravel.
March—Put 3 new stringers in bridge on Tarlton's Flat, 22 feet long, 10 inches diameter,
and repaired covering.
June—Made a culvert of fir, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
July—Ditched 112 yards, 3 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot 6 inches.
309      „     2        „     1     ,i
Grubbed and re-graded 68 yards, and widened same to 14 feet.
Put 3 new stringers on bridge on Tarlton's Flat, re-covered same with sawn plank.
Erected handrail on each side, 48 feet long and 3 feet high.
August—Made 2 culverts, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Gravelled 54 yards, 9 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Chopped and cleared off road 2 dangerous trees.
September—Gravelled   67 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Ditched 480      „     2    „   by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made 4 culverts of cedar, 18 feet long, by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Lakeside Road.
March—Cut out windfalls, and cleared road for traffic.
Beach Road.
March—Cut out windfalls, and cleared road for traffic.
Corfield's Bridge.
March—Repaired and re-erected handrail.
Beae Valley Road.
June—Graded 50 yards, 12 feet wide.
Removed corduroy from old road to new piece, and covered same with earth 9 in. deep,
Ditched 32 yards, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made a culvert of cedar, 18 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot. 326 Public Works Report. 1892
Lakeside Road.
June—Ditched and rounded up 920 yards.
Gravelled 920 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts of cedar, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
.,     1 i, „      18 4      ii       1     ,i
July—Ditched 60 yards, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Gravelled 60 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Glenoea Road.
July—Repaired covering of bridge near Koksilah Station.
November—Made crib of logs at approach to bridge, 2 feet high.
Hillside Road.
August—Ditched 200 yards, 2 feet 6 inches by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot.
Made 36 feet of cribbing, 1 foot high.
Cut down a hill 26 yards long,  10 feet wide and 2 feet deep.
Made a filling 54 yards long, 9 feet wide, 18 inches deep.
20 „ 9      „ 12
Repaired handrail and covering of bridge.
Old School-House Road.
August—Forest cleared, 476 yards, 24 feet wide.
Grubbed 476      i,      14
Graded 206      „     14
Mountain Road (Late Phipps').
September—Re-graded and widened 160 yards, 12 feet wide.
October—Gravelled 160 yards, 9 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
Bridge ovee Koksilah River (at McPherson's).
October—Repaired end of bridge, and made filling at same with gravel.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road (Chemainus to Mr. S. H Davie's, Somenos).
"H" Road Party.
N. W. Campbell, Foreman.
February—Repaired with gravel, ruts and holes near Chemainus Railway Station.
Repaired covering of 3 culverts.
April—Cutting out fallen trees and clearing road for traffic.
Made a culvert of cedar, 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
June—Took off all stones and logs, and cut and removed brush to width of 14 feet on
road north of Chemainus Railway Station (2 miles in length).
Ditched 104 yards, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Ditched 104 yards, 12 inches by 6 inches.
Raised a bridge 6 inches, braced bent with 3"x2" plank, and filled in approach with
gravel.
Cut down hills on each side of bridge to south of Chemainus Railway Station, and
filled in at approaches to east grade, and braced both bents of bridge  with  6-inch
by 2-inch fir.
Ditched 20 yards, 1 foot wide and 1 foot deep.
Made general repairs southward as far as Kersley's.
July—Straightened and graded 75 yards, 16 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 200 yards, 16 feet wide (deviation to connect with new bridge at
Miller's).
Gravelled 130 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep. ii
106
8
ii
75      ,
9
,,
145      i
8
Ditched
40      ,
1
56 Vict. Public Works Report. 327
Constructed bridge on deviation near Miller's, 58 feet in length, 14 feet wide and 7 feet
high, with two bents of 4 posts each (2 outer posts raking), braced with 7-inch by
10-inch cedar. Bridge has 4 stringers of hewn cedar, 12 inches by 14 inches, is
floored with 3-inch sawn fir plank, and has a substantial handrail. There is a fill at
the south approach, 25 feet long, 4 feet deep, and 14 feet wide at top, and 22 feet
wide at base.
Re-floored bridge near Mr. Mainguy's, 30 feet long,  14 feet wide, with 3-inch sawn
plank.
Made a culvert of cedar, 14 feet by 1 foot 6 inches by 1 foot.
September—Gravelled 381 yards, 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Repaired bridge near Mr. Mainguy's with 3-inch sawn plank and split cedar, spotted
down to correspond with plank.
Repaired 5 small bridges.
Repaired and filled holes and ruts with gravel (5 miles).
October—Gravelled   22 yards, 10 feet wide, 10 inches deep.
M 6 n
ii 6 ii
4
1
Lengthened railway crossing at gravel pit, Chemainus, 14 feet, with 3-inch sawn plank.
Repaired holes and ruts with gravel between Morris's and Chemainus.
Cleared out 150 yards of ditch.
Made a culvert of cedar, 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Made 3 culverts, 16 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot, covered with 3-inch fir plank.
Made a culvert of cedar, 16 feet by 14 inches by 10 inches.
Re-covered with cedar a culvert, 16 feet by 3 feet.
Made general  repairs  and filled holes and ruts with gravel to end of section at Mr.
Davie's.
Cowichan Lake Road.
"I" Road Party.
Hugh Bell, Foreman.
January—Brushed and gravelled 55 yards, 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Cut out fallen trees, and made general repairs to 350 yards of road.
Repairing washouts, ruts and holes from 10th to 13th mile post.
Corduroyed 20 feet in length, 12 feet wide.
April—Made  general  repairs  with brush and gravel, from Victoria and Nanaimo Trunk
Road to Castley's.
May—Brushed 286 yards and gravelled over same 8 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs with brush and gravel from J. N. Evans' to Skinner's Ridge.
June—Re-graded 300 yards, 8 feet wide.
200      i,    12
Ditched 127      ..      2    n    by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Corduroyed 70      n     12    n    wide, and covered same with earth 9 inches deep.
Made four culverts of cedar 14   n    by 2 feet by 1 foot 6 inches.
(Above work done between Fraser's and McCallum's.)
Fraser's to 13-mile post:—
Gravelled 200 yards, 8 feet wide, 4 inches deep.
77     ,i     8       I,        6
Made a culvert of cedar 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot 6 inches
July—Forest cleared 640 yards 18 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 300     n     12 n
340     „     10
Re-graded n 90     n     12
Gravelled n        456     n       8 n        6 inches deep.
Ditched n 70 yards, 15  inches wide, 12 inches deep,  and boxed same in with
split cedar. 328 Public Works Report. 1892
Ditched 90 yards, 2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Cribbing 120 yards, 5 feet high, of 12-inch cedar logs, land-tied every 7 feet.
Made a bridge 29 feet in length 14 feet wide and  7  feet  high,  resting on mud sills  at
each end, having four stringers 1 foot in diameter and covered with split cedar.
Made a bridge of cedar 16 feet long, 14 feet wide and 3 feet high.
Made 3 culverts of cedar 14 feet by 8 feet by 2 feet 6 inches
„     1 „ i, 14    „ 2    „ 1    „
ii    2 box ii ii 16    ii 1    ii 1
August—Grubbed and graded 20 yards 16 feet wide.
Re-graded    80   yards 12 feet wide.
11        „      10
Rounded up 18       n      14        n
Ditched      108       „       2 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Made the following culverts of cedar :—
1 culvert 14 feet by 7 feet by 3 feet.
1       „       14    ,,       10    „      '4    ,.
1       „       14    „ 8    i, 3    „
1 „       15    „ 2    ,i 1 foot.
2 i,       14    i, 2    ii 1    „
Repaired the road generally from the 11-mile post to Currie's.
September—Forest cleared 1155 yards 20 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded
882    i
16
273    „
14
992    n
9
54    n
16
Gravelled 992    n        9 n    and 6 inches deep.
Corduroyed 54     n       16 n    and    covered   same   with    earth   and
gravel 1 foot deep.
Made a bridge 20 feet long, 16 feet wide, and  7 feet high, with four stringers of fir,  14
inches in diameter, and covering of 3-inch sawn plank.
Made a culvert of cedar 16 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
Made four culverts of fir with cedar covering 16 feet by 2 feet 6 inches by 1 foot.
Made a culvert of fir with cedar covering 20 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot.
October—Gravelled 285 yards 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
November—Re-constructed  a bridge washed out by freshet  21   feet long,   14 feet wide,
and 2 feet deep, with four stringers 12 inches in diameter and covering of split  cedar.
Cut out fallen timber from 5-mile post to Cowichan Lake.
Sahtlam Road.
October—Re-graded 700 yards 8 feet wide.
Grubbed and graded 195     n     12 n
Corduroyed 21     n     12 n
Cut down a bank 27     n       9 n and 1 foot deep.
Cut down a hill 38    n     10        n n   1   n   6 inches deep.
Made a filling 10    ,,     12 n „   2   „   deep.
Removed slides from long sidehill.
Repaired road from junction with Lake Road to T. S. Castley's.
Made two culverts of cedar, one 14 feet by 2 feet by 1 foot,  and the other  12 feet by 8
feet by 3 feet.
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road.    (Mr. S. H. Davies' to Mr. Pimbury's).
"L" Road Party.
Henry Evans, Foreman.
January—Gravelled 12 yards 9 feet wide and 10 inches deep.
Filled ruts and holes and made general repairs.
February—Gravelled 110 yards 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made a box culvert of sawn lumber 20 feet by 1 foot by 4 inches.
March—Filled holes and ruts near Cathcart's and Wilson's. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 329
June—Gravelled 574 yards 9 feet wide and 6 inches deep.
Made a bridge 25 feet long, 14 feet wide and 4 feet high, resting on cribbing at each
end. Bridge has 4 hewn fir stringers 10 inches by 14 inches, and covering of 3-inch
sawn plank.    Filled in approaches at either end of bridge with earth and gravel.
Grubbed seven large stumps.
July—Gravelled 55 yards 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
August—Grubbed and re-graded 146 yards 20 feet wide.
Gravelled 146 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made a filling 21 yards long, 2 feet deep, and 8 feet wide.
Made a filling 30 cubic yards, on hill near Duncan, where same washed out.
September—Gravelled 435 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Grubbed 7 large stumps.
Made general repairs and filled ruts and holes with gravel as far as the Mission.
October—Made general repairs and filled ruts and holes with gravel, from the Mission to
Pimbury's bridge, over two miles.
Cowichan River (North) Road.
January—Filled ruts and holes with gravel.
September—Filled ruts and holes and made general repairs with gravel.
Cowichan Lake South Shore Road.
"M" Road Party.
Charles Bayley, Foreman.
June—Cut and removed fallen timber from the Cowichan River to Robertson River, and
from Sutton Creek to Lewis' east boundary.
Grubbed several stumps.
July—Graded 300 yards 9 feet wide.
Constructed a bridge over part of swamp  at Honeymoon  Bay   110  feet  long,   9  feet
wide, and 2 feet six inches high, resting upon  mud sills  6 feet apart,  and having
three stringers 14 inches in diameter, with covering of split cedar.
August—Constructed extension of bridge at Honeymoon Bay, 100 feet long, 9 feet wide,
and   2   feet  6  inches  high,   of   the   same   materials   and   dimensions   and   in  like
manner as above bridge.
Cowichan Lake North Shore Road.    (Deviation.)
"N" Road Party.
James Abernethy, foreman.
June—Forest cleared 820 yards, 14 feet wide.
Close chopped 820
July—Forest cleared 394
Close chopped 870
Graded 290
Brushed & gravelled 40
Corduroyed 61
Made seven culverts of cedar 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
August—Graded 49 yards, 10 feet wide.
Corduroyed 82      n     12 n
Gravelled over same 82      n       9        n        and 4 inches deep.
Made 6 culverts of cedar 14 feet by 1 foot by 1 foot.
Trail from Cowichan Lake to Alberni.
John McPherson, Contractor, $2,912.
To construct a trail from the west end of Cowichan Lake to a point on the Alberni-
Nanaimo Road by way of the Nitinat River. To be forest-cleared 10 feet wide, close-
chopped 10 feet wide. To cut down hillocks and fill up hollows, so as to leave a trail
6 feet wide, well-drained, corduroyed and bridged.    The work is still in progress.
,     14
1!
,     14
n
,     14
ii
i       9 to 10 feet wide.
9
ii         6 inches
deep
,     12
n Islands District.
Salt Spring Island.
Vesuvius and North Settlement Roads.
John Norton, Foreman.
Wharf to Caldwell's Road—Cut a trail 1,300 yards, 12 feet wide.
Vesuvius Wharf Roads—Grading 2 miles, and general repairs.
Booth's Road—General repairs 3 miles, 5 culverts.
Pottinger's Road—General repairs 1 mile.
Norton's Road—General repairs | mile.
Central Settlement Road to Ganges Harbour.
John Norton, Foreman.
Graded     400 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 125      n        8        n 6 inches deep.
Ditched 1,600      „
Made 2 culverts, 12 feet by 6 feet by 2 feet.
„     3       „ 14   ,i 2„ 1    „
Beaver Point Road.
Henry Ruckle, Foreman.
Graded 2,283 yards, 14 feet wide.
Gravelled 310      n      10        n 6 inches deep.
Made 10 culverts, 13 feet by 3 feet by 1 foot.
Wharves.
Repairs have been made to the various wharves under the supervision of Messrs. Alfred
Raynes and Wm. Clark.
Pender Island.
W. Grimmer, Foreman.
Main Road.
Forest cleared 1J miles, 10 feet wide.
Graded 1^     n      10        n
Made general repairs, 2 miles.
Wharf Repairs.
Wm. Clark, Foreman.
Made sundry necessary repairs to the wharf.
Galiano Island.
E. Winstanley, Foreman.
Road from South-East end of Island to School-house.
Graded 2 miles, 10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 331
Road from Seabrook's to Wharf.
Gravelled 100 yards, 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Made 1 culvert.
Public School.
Wm. Cain, Contractor, $800.
Furnished all requisite material, and  built a school-house in accordance with plans and
specifications.
Road from Section 20 to Section 26.
Removed brush and logs, 2,000 yards.
Road from Section 26 to Section 41.
Cut out new road, 3,200 yards.
Removed logs and brush, 2,000      n
Mayne Island.
Wm. Deacon, Foreman.
Made  a  new  road,   3>   mile  long;  graded 14 feet wide; put in 2 culverts and 50 feet of
corduroy; made general repairs to other roads on the island where required.
Aanaimo District.
Public School, Northfield (2 additions).
D. & A. McDonald, Contractors, $1,580.
Furnished all plant, labour, and materials; erected and completed two additional schoolrooms on each side of the old building, 28 feet by 36 feet each. The building is now
in the form of a cross, and has four gables. The additions are enclosed with rustic,
and lathed and plastered, wainscoted, and painted throughout, and seated with 50 seats
and desks, stained and varnished, and placed in position. The additions are furnished
with blackboard surface all around, and the entries are fitted with cloak-hooks. The
floors are double and sound-deadened
Public School, Harewood.
C. Olmstead, Contractor, $1,361.
Furnished all plant, labour, and materials; erected and completed a frame building, 27
feet by 37 feet, with vestibule 10 feet by 16 feet, built on end of main building. The
building has a cottage roof, and is enclosed with rustic, and lathed and plastered,
wainscoted, and painted throughout, and seated with 25 seats and desks, stained and
varnished, and placed in position. The school-room is furnished with blackboard
surface all around, and the entries, of which there are two, are fitted with cloak-hooks.
The floor is double and sound-deadened, and a suitable place for storage of fuel built in
the rear. Two water closets are provided, and the school-site of one acre cleared and
fenced, and a double gate and two single gates hung. 332 Public Works Report. 1892
Public School, Noeth Nanaimo.
Hicks & MacKinnon, Contractors, $1,249.
• Furnished all plant, labour, and materials ; erected and completed a frame building, 27
feet by 37 feet, with vestibule 10 feet by 16 feet, built on end of main building. The
building has a . cottage roof, and is enclosed with rustic, and lathed and plastered,
wainscoted, and painted throughout, and seated with 25 seats and desks, stained and
varnished, and placed in position. The school-room is furnished with blackboard
surface all around, and the entries, of which there are two, are fitted with cloak-hooks.
The floor is double and sound-deadened, and a suitable place for storage of fuel built in
the rear. Two water closets are provided, and the school-site of half acre cleared and
fenced, and double and single gates hung.
Public Buildings, Nanaimo (Repairs).
A canopy has been erected over the Judges' bench in the Law Courts, Nanaimo, built of
cedar, panelled and oak grained, with gilding, and trimmed with plush velvet. Sundry
repairs have been made to Police and Government offices, gaol, and lock-ups at
Departure Bay and Wellington.
Victoria Road.
John Hill, Foreman.
Gravelled  1,850 yards, 9 feet wide, and 6 inches deep, with common gravel.
ii 1,383      ii      9        ii 6 ii with shale.
ii 280      M    10        n 6 ii with sandstone.
ii 360      ii    10        ii 4. ii with river gravel.
Put in 3 culverts, 22 feet long, 10 inches wide, and 10 inches deep.
ii      7        i,        16 i, 16 ., 12
i,      3        ,i        18 „ 18 n 12
Dug 150 yards of  tail drains ;  made general repairs along  line of road for 15 miles in
cutting out brush, taking out roots, trees, and stumps, and repairing the bridges.
Made 30 yards of through cut, 16 feet wide and 2 feet deep; blasted 2 feet off hill, 18
feet wide by 40 feet long, and filled same in at foot of hill to lessen grade; and blasted
rock off second hill to lessen grade, and filled in at foot of same.
Widened 1,813 yards of road to 16 feet, and ditched same on both sides.
Franklyn and Michael's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Bennie's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Quennell's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Gravelled    90 yards, 8 feet wide, and 6 inches deep, with river gravel.
ii 160      ii      8        ii 6 ii with shale.
Cassidy's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 533 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 818      ,,11
Repaired 364      ,,      of old road.
Built 1 bridge, 44 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 3 feet high,  with 3 stringers placed on
mud-sills and covered with split cedar, and ribbon poles put on.
Built 1 bridge, 35 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 8 feet high, with 3 stringers placed on one
bent and two mud-sills, and covered  with  split cedar, and  ribbon poles put on, and
repaired old bridge. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 333
Thomas' Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Holden's Road.
J.  Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Hemer's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Put in 3 culverts, 16 feet long, 10 inches wide, and 10 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Gordon's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Malpass and Bate's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Alger's Road.
J. Hill, Foreman.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Donoghue and Ross' Road.
J.  Hill, Foreman.
Forest cleared 200 yards, 10 feet wide.
Graded 1,733      ,,        9 ,,
Corduroyed      216 feet,     10 n
Nanoose Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and graded 724 yards, 16 feet wide.
,, ,,       510      ii      20 ii
Gravelled 700      n       10 n 5 inches deep.
175      ,i      12 „ 6
Put in 3 culverts, 18 feet long, 16 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Put in 49 yards of cribbing, 20 inches high, and filled in same.
Made general repairs on 3J miles of road.
Rutherford's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and graded 144 yards, 15 feet wide.
Built one bridge, 20 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 3 feet high, with three stringers pluced
on mud sills, and covered with old plank.
Put in 1 culvert. 13 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Put in 36 yards of cribbing, 3  feet  high,  on  eaeh  side of road, 15 feet apart, and filled
in same with earth.
Godfrey's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and graded 91 yards, 15 feet. 334 Public Works Report. 1892
East Wellington Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and graded 123 yards, 17 feet wide.
Gravelled 213      n      12 n and 10 inches deep, with burnt dross.
Put in 3 new stringers, 17 feet long, in old bridge, and re-covered same.
ii      1 culvert, 35 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
1       i,       20        i, 12 „ 12
1       i,       16 ii 12 i, 12
ii     30 feet of cribbing, 6 feet high, and filled in same with burnt dross.
Cleaned out ditches, and filled in washouts on line of road.
Kelley's Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Graded 26 yards, 16 feet wide.
Put in 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 8 inches wide, and 10 inches deep.
Wellington Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
255 yards ditching on one side of road.
Gravelled 229 yards, 18 feet wide, and 10 inches deep.
106      „      18        ii 6
ii        160     i,      16        ,, 6 ii
Put in 2 culverts, 30 feet long, 10 inches wide, and 18 inches deep.
Cleared out ditches, and made general repairs along line of road.
Rossville Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and cornered 136 yards, 18 feet wide.
Gravelled 220      ,,      11 n and 10 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Gabriola Island, South End.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Ditched and graded 135 yards, 12 feet wide.
Gravelled 155      ,,        8        ,,        and 6 inches deep.
Put in 3 new stringers in bridge, 40 feet long, and  corduroyed same with logs flattened.
Put in 2 culverts, 14 feet long, 10 inches wide,  and   12 inches deep; filled in with earth,
20 feet long, 20 feet wide, by 4 feet deep, and put in same.
Rock culvert, 20 feet long, and built retaining wall on one side of rock.
Forest cleared 30 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 75      ,,        8 ,,
Made a boat landing at wharf,  20 feet long,  8 feet wide, and 3 feet high, built of rock
and covered with gravel.
Made general repairs along line of roads on south end of the island.
Gabriola Island, North End.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Graded 1,400 yards, 14 feet wide, on centre road, and ditched 100 yards of same.
Put in 2 culverts, 16 feet long, 12 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 82 feet long, 12 feet wide, and 14 feet high, with three bents, 5 mud sills,
with 3 stringers laid on same, and covered  with  split  cedar; handrailing and ribbon
poles put on.
Repaired old bridge by putting in 3 new stringers and mud sills, and put on old covering.
Made general repairs along line of roads on north end of the island. 36 Vict. Public Works Report. 335
South Wellington Road.
J.  Cairns, Foreman.
Gravelled 300 yards, 11 feet wide, 14 inches deep.
Put in 228 yards of corduroy, 16 feet wide, with heavy slabs.
Made repairs along line of road.
Departure Bay Road.
J. Cairns, Foreman.
Put in 130 yards of cribbing,   2  feet  high,  and  filled  in  same with beach gravel, 2 feet
deep by 5 feet wide, and dug 15 yards of tail drain.
Nanoose Road.
J. Craig, Foreman.
Ditched and graded        830 yards, 14 feet wide.
Widened out to 14 feet, 500      i,      14
Gravelled 1,825      n        9        n        and 8 inches deep.
Put in 6 culverts, 14 feet long, 15 inches wide, and 12 inches deep.
Built 1 bridge, 33 feet long, 13 feet wide, and 3 feet high, with 3 stringers on mud sills,
and covered with split cedar, and ribbon put on.
Dug 2,050 yards of ditching, 1 foot deep, and  18 inches wide, and 150 yards of ditches
cleaned out, and repaired old bridge.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Englishman's Rivee Road.
J. Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 200 yards, 8 feet wide, and 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs along 3 miles of road.
Beaver Ceeek Wharf Road.
J. Craig, Foreman.
Gravelled 100 yards, 8 feet wide, and 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Morrison and McMillan's Road.
J. Craig, Foreman.
Ditched and cornered 1,000 yards, 15 feet wide.
Gravelled 969      i,        8        n        and 6 inches deep.
Made general repairs along line of road.
All the foregoing road  work done under the supervision and superintendence of John
Love.
Harewood and Mount Benson Road.
Forest cleared 900 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 924      „      14
Put in 522 yards of cribbing, 4 feet high.
Blasted out 23 yards of rock, 6 feet wide, and 3 feet deep.
Built 1 bridge, 10 feet long, 15 feet wide, and 5 feet high, with three stringers covered
with split cedar.
Built 2 bridges, each 16 feet long, 16 feet wide, and 4 feet high, with 3 stringers placed
on mud sills, and covered with split cedar, ribbon poles put on, and filled in approaches
to same.
Repaired 2 old bridges.
Put in 12 culverts, 16 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 12 inches deep. 336 Public Works Report. 1892
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road at Cameron Lake
D. A. McMillan, Foreman.
Gravelled 1,590 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Put in 9 culverts, 14 feet long, 2 feet wide, and 12 inches deep.
Put in 105 pieces of timber cribbing; blasted out rock, 17 yards long, 6 feet wide, and 1
foot deep.
Thorough cut, blasted out 78 feet long,  14 feet wide, and 2 feet deep, and filled same in
to 73 yards, 12 feet wide, and 2 feet deep.
Dug 169 yards of ditch.
Nanaimo-Alberni Trunk Road, on this side of Cameron Lake.
D. A. McMillan, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,415 yards, 15 feet wide.
Widened and timber cut out 2& miles, 14 feet wide.
Graded 3\ miles, 11 feet wide.
Ditched and cornered 169 yards, 11 feet wide.
Gravelled 40 yards, 9 feet wide, and 4 inches deep.
Put in 100 feet of corduroy, 14 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge, 26 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 2 feet high, with 3 stringers on mud sills,
and covered with split cedar, and ribbon poles put on.
Built 1 bridge, 40 feet long, 14 feet wide, and 9 feet  high on 2  cribs,  with  3  stringers,
covered with split cedar, and ribbon poles put on.
339 yards of ditching, 2 feet wide, and 2 feet deep.
Thorough cut, 25 cubic yards of earth removed, and 30 cubic yards of fill from the cut.
300 yards of side hill cut 3 feet deep, and 115 square yards of a fill.
Put in 80 yards of cribbing, 3 feet high.
Made general repairs along line of road.
Bridge at Upper Crossing, Englishman's River.
D. A. McMillan, Foreman.
Put in new bridge to replace one carried away by flood in December, 1890; length of
bridge, with approaches, 172 feet, 13 feet wide, and 29 feet high; straining beam over
main span of 62 feet, with 3 stringers and straining beam braces, and 1 needle beam in
centre of span held by 2 1^-inch iron truss rods, 15 feet long, running through same
and through straining beams ; abutments are bolted to the rock with drift-bolts, and
drift-bolted together to top of same; the bridge and approaches are covered with split
cedar, and ribbon poles and handrailing put on.
Alberni District.
Nanaimo-Albeeni, Teunk Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,000 yards 20 feet wide.
Graded 4,000     „     10        »
Cribbed 300     „     18    „   high.
Gravelled 525     n       5 inches deep, 8 feet wide.
Made seven culverts 16 feet long, 4 feet wide, covered with cedar.
Rebuilt two bridges 16 feet long 12 feet wide, cedar covering.
Made general repairs, removed boulders, repaired cribbing,  bridges and culverts where
necessary. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 337
Mill Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
Graded      800 yards, 10 feet wide.
Gravelled   50      „      10
Ditched      50     „
Built two culverts.
Townsite Roads.
Gravelled 200 yards, 12 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Built one bridge 73 feet long, cedar mud sills, fir stringers,  covered with  3-inch plank ;
25 feet wide, with handrail complete.
Kitsucksis Valley Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
Graded     4,000 yards, 12 feet wide
Gravelled    275      it        6        it        5 inches deep.
Made cut for bridge approach, length 40 yards, 5 feet deep, 2 culverts.
Woodward Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
Forest cleared 440 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 440      n        6        ,,
Built one bridge 28 feet long, 14 feet wide ;  cedar mud sills, stringers and covering, with
16-foot approach.
Scotch Settlement Road.
Wm. Leeson, Foreman.
Replaced bridge, 20 feet long, 14 feet wide, cedar covering.
Made 100 yards ditching.
Put in four culverts.
Roger Creek Roads.
Forest cleared    1,760 yards, 12 feet wide.
Roughly graded 1,760      ,,        6 ,,
Filled in ravine and put in one large culvert.
Sproat Lake Main Road.
M. A. Ward, Foreman.
Forest cleared 300 yards, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 500      „
Rebuilt approach to Sproat Lake bridge.
Put in culverts and made repairs to the roadbed where required.
River-Front Road.
M. A. Ward, Foreman.
Built two bridges 60 feet by 16 feet, covered with flatted fir timber.
Widened 100 yards of road on Indian Reserve, and roughly graded to Sumas bridge
Forest cleared and roughly graded 800 yards from Sumas bridge to paper mill.
Sproat Lake Shore Road.
M. A. Ward, Foreman.
Forest cleared     800 yards, 16 feet wide.
Roughly graded 300     u        6        n 338 Public Works Report. 1892
Muller's Road.
M. A. Ward, Foreman.
Forest cleared 400 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 400      „       6
Beaver Creek Main Road.
Isaac Drinkwater, Foreman.
Built one bridge  180 feet long,   12  feet wide,   18 feet high;   fir stringers and bents
covered with flatted fir timber.
Gravelled 500 yards, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Made general repairs to roadbed where necessary.
Deboux-Drinkwater Road.
Isaac Drinkwater, Foreman.
Forest cleared 800 yards, 16 feet wide.
Graded 800      „       6
Put in necessary culverts.
Gravel-Pit Road.
I. Drinkwater, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1,000 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1,000      n       6
Commerford's, T. Smith's, and Hill's Roads.
Isaac Drinkwater, Foreman.
Forest cleared       880 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded 2,000      „        6
Made bridges and culverts where required.
Court House at Alberni.
King & Redford, Contractors, $1,350.
Provided all labour and materials and erected a one-story frame building 34x25 feetj
and containing a court-room 24x25 feet and two small rooms. The building is
enclosed with rough lumber covered with building felt, over which is rustic siding.
The walls and partitions are plastered and wainscoted up four feet over mortar coat.
The interior and exterior woodwork is painted two coats.
Comox District.
Union Mine Road.
A. Radford, Contractor,
Forest cleared one mile, 1 chain on each side of road.
Black Creek Road.
H. Smith, Contractor, $47.50.
Corduroyed 47 yards.
Ditched 30 yards, 18 inches deep, and 2 feet wide.
Graded 35 yards; filled bad holes. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 339
Cross Road.
John Hetherington, Contractor, $128.
Graded 40 chains, and removed all rocks and roots.
Ditched both sides.
Black Ceeek Road.
Franklin Conliffe, Contractor, $198.
Forest cleared 18 chains, 24 feet wide.
Graded 18      ,,       16        ,,
Ditched both sides; removed all roots.
Made 2 culverts, 3 feet wide.
Tsolum River Road.
F. Conliffe, Contractor, $254.
Forest cleared 1 mile and 26 chains, 18 feet wide.
Graded 1 „       26       „      12
Halliday's Road.
Wm. Halliday, Contractor, $50.
Forest cleared 40 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 40      „        8
Union Mine Road (near the little swamp).
R. Grant, Contractor.
Gravelled 20 chains, 8 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Halcrow's Road.
R. Halcrow, Contractor, $50.
Forest cleared 60 chains, 10 feet wide.
Bayne Sound Road.
Section A.
W. Cessford, Contractor, $128.
Forest cleared 1 mile and 35 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1 ,,       35      n        8        i,
Section B.
W. Cessford, Contractor,  $122.50.
Forest cleared If miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded If     „       8
Section C.
Wm. Scott, Contractor, $57.
Forest cleared 57 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 57      n        8        h
Section D.
Chris. Kelly, Contractor, $150.
Forest cleared 1 mile 70 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 1    .,,    70      n        8
Section E.
G. G. McDonald, Contractor, $120.
Forest cleared 120 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 120      „        8        „ 340 Public Works Report. 1892
Brown's River Road (extension).
F. Burns, Contractor, $130.
Forest cleared 1\ miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded l|      „     12
Little Rivek Road (extension from Anderton's to the beach).
James Derbyshire, Contractor, $100.
Forest cleared 1|- miles, 12 feet wide.
Graded \\      ,,      8 i,
1 bridge, 12 feet wide, 18 feet long.
1 i,       12 „ 20
Main Road (from wharf to Indian Hill).
T. C. Woods, Contractor, $367.
Gravelled 1 mile, 6 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
May.
Point Holmes Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 130 yards, 8 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Hill cut 4 feet deep, 30 yards long.
Ditched 220 yards, 2 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
2 tail drains, 30 yards long.
Graded  293 yards, 16 feet wide.
Ditched 586      ,,        2        n 15 inches deep.
2 culverts, 1 foot high, 18 inches wide, 14 feet long.
Smith's Road.
H. Smith, Contractor, $50.
Forest cleared 30 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 30       ,, 8
Little River Road.
Thos. Beckensell, Contractor, $45.
4|- chains filled with stone, covered with 1 foot of gravel.
Ditched on both sides.
Indian Hill.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Removed old bridge.
Put in culvert 3 feet high, 3 feet wide, 25 feet long, fastened together with drift bolts;
filled in with earth 10 feet deep, 25 feet wide, 20 feet long, backed up with stone wall
on each side.
. Gravelled 80 yards, 7 inches deep, 20 feet wide.
Ditched 80 yards on upper side of road.
June.
John Piercy's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Turnpiked 293 yards, 16 feet wide.
Ditched      293      ,,      18 inches wide, 16 inches deep.
Gravelled   300      ,,        5      ,,      deep,  10 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 14 inches deep, 1 foot wide.
Grubbed out all stumps and roots. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 341
June.
Union Mine Road (upper section).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 20 chains, from 6 inches to 2 feet as required, 10 feet wide.
Piercy & McQuillen's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 528 yards, 4 inches deep, 9 feet wide.
Ditched    528      „
Harrigan & Fraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 6J chains, 2 feet deep, 3 feet wide.
Cleared all brush and logs outside the line of ditches.
Burns & Viles' Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1 \ miles, 12 feet wide, close chopped and partly graded.
Little River Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 7 chains, 2 feet deep and 2 feet wide.
Rocked low places.
Removed stumps and roots.
Lower Prairie Road (near Bailie's).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Made 4\ chains new road, 16 feet wide.
Gravelled 30 chains, 10 feet wide, 5 inches deep.
Lower Road (near Mission).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 335 yards, 2 feet deep, 2 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert, 20 feet long, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
,i     1       i,        16 „        3        n 2
Graded side-hill, widened and rounded up the road.
Lake Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 11 chains, 20 feet wide, and removed all stumps.
Put in 10 yards of cross logging, 14 feet long.
Made 1 culvert, 16 feet long, 1 foot deep, 2 feet wide.
,.     1       „        18        „ 1 „ 3
Ditched 450 yards, 2 feet wide, 18 inches deep.
Union Mine Road (lower section).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Corduroyed 15 yards, 16 feet long, covered with 6 inches of gravel.
Filled in some bad holes and cleaned out ditches.
Indian Hill.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Widened 20 chains of road and moved the fence back.
Ditched 20 chains, 12 inches wide, 12 inches deep.
Blasted 8 stumps with powder.
Gravelled 20 chains, 5 inches deep, 16 feet wide.
Put in 2 box culverts. 342 Public Works Report. 1892
June.
Little River Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 12 chains, 2 feet deep, 2 feet wide.
Took out stumps and roots.
July.
Burns & Viles' Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 1 mile, 12 feet wide.
Grubbed 8 feet wide.
From Indian Hill to Long Bridge.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 250 yards,   8 inches deep, 12 feet wide.
,, 53 chains, 6 n 10 ,,
From Mission to Cross Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 300 yards,  30 feet wide.
Graded 300      „      16
Ditched 360      n       20 inches deep, 30 inches wide.
Made 1 culvert, 3 feet wide, 1 foot high, 18 feet long.
Put in 50 yards of tail drain.
Black Creek Road (near Smith's).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 4 chains, 18 feet wide.
Graded 30    n 12 ,, and roots taken out.
Ditched 900 yards, 16 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Made 5 culverts, 2 feet wide, 16 inches deep, 14 feet long.
Miller & D. Williams' Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Ditched 20 chains, 14 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Filled in bad holes and took out roots.
Made 1 culvert, 18 inches deep, 14 inches wide, 18 feet long.
Lake Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 178 yards, 6 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 75     „   20 „ 2
Corduroyed        35      n    14 feet wide.
Forest cleared 200      „    18
Graded 200      „    12
H. Piercy's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 140 yards, 7 inches deep, 9 feet wide.
Repaired culverts and ditches.
Flatt Road (near long bridge).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Made road 4 feet wider and 14 inches higher, for a distance of 500 yards. 50 Vict. Public Works Report. 343
August.
John Piercy's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled   450 yards, 5 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Turnpiked 370      m      ditched on each side.
Made 1 culvert, 4 feet wide, 16 inches deep, 14 feet long,
ii     1       ii        2 ii 14 ii 14        ii
Harrington & Fraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Corduroyed 18Jr chains, 14 feet wide, with 12-inch cedar on stringers.
Cut out and brushed 6 chains.
Knox Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 25 chains, 18 feet wide.
Graded 25      „        12
J. Roe's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 30 chains, 14 feet wide.
Corduroyed 18 yards, 12 feet long.
Ditched 90 yards, 18 inches deep,  2 feet wide.
From Whaef to Cliff's.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Turnpiked 66 yards, cut trees and brush from bridge.
Flatt Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 875 yards, 12 feet wide, 8 inches deep.
Back Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded side-hill, made ditches and general repairs.
Upper Prairie Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 60 chains, 12 feet wide,  5 inches deep.
Made 3 culverts, 2 feet deep, 2 feet wide, 16 feet long.
R. Cessford's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 30 chains, 14 feet wide.
J. Curtis' Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared 113 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 113      „        8        ,.
Built a bridge 82 feet long, 12 feet wide, on mud sills, covered with split red fir.
ii ii     24        ii 12        ,, covered with alder, 3 stringers under each bridge. 344 Public Works Report. 1892
Little River Road (from Donehue's to Miller's).
Grubbed out 38 trees.
Put in 4 culverts.
Made 40 yards of tail drain, 1 foot deep, and 2 feet wide.
Turnpiked 60 yards of road, and ditched 14 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Gravelled 40 yards, 4 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Made 14 chains of ditches, 18 inches deep, 2 feet wide.
Put 15 loads of stones in bad holes.
Took out roots and stones for the distance of 2\ miles.
September.
Black Creek Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Built a bridge, 17 feet long, 14 feet wide, with 3 stringers on mud sills.
ii ii      25        ii 14        n ii    3        ,, ii      both covered with
split cedar.
Made a culvert, 1 foot deep, 2 feet wide, 14 feet long.
Ditched 120 yards, 20 inches wide, 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed 13 yards, 14 feet wide; logs 1 foot in diameter.
Graded 1 mile, 12 feet wide.
Laid 64 yards of cross logging, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 335 yards.
Turnpiked 210 yards.
Union Mine Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 460 yards, 6 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
540     .,    12 n 10
Lower Praieie Road (near Puntledge School-House).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded 75 yards of hill.
Gravelled  1065 yards,  4 inches deep,  10 feet wide.
Ditched       175      „     14 „ 2
Made one culvert,        18 n 2 ,, 14 feet long.
Cut 60 yards of tail drain, 18 inches deep, 14 inches wide.
John Pieecy's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled bad holes, took out roots, and cleared out Scott's Creek.
Haerigan and Eraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Turnpiked and graded 230 yards, 24 feet wide.
Ditched 460 yards, 20 inches deep, 18 inches wide.
Corduroyed 148 yards, 14 feet wide, on stringers.
Repaired bad holes and washout near Tsolum River bridge.
October.
Black Creek  Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Graded 160 yards, 12 feet wide.
Made 3 culverts, 18 inches deep, 20 inches wide, 12 feet long.
Ditched 105 yards, 18 inches deep, 20 inches wide.
Cut 80 yards of tail drain. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 345
October.
Harrigan and Fraser Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Corduroyed 95 yards, 14 feet wide.
Forest cleared and graded 90 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched 180 yards, 1 foot deep, 1 foot wide.
Made 2 culverts, 2 feet wide, 15 inches deep, 14 feet long.
Lower Peairie Road (near Duncan's).
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 200 yards, 7 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Put 26 new plank on Long Bridge.
Union Mine Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 65 yards, 8 inches deep, 16 feet wide.
Campbell River Road.
J. R, Berkeley, Foreman.
Corduroyed 80 yards, 14 feet long.
Built a bridge 20 feet long, 14 feet wide, on mud-sills and 3 stringers.
McKenzie's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Forest cleared, 30 chains, 18 feet wide.
Graded 30    „ 14
November.
Flatt Road, near Crawford's.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 65 yards, 6 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Tsolum River Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Made general repairs, took out roots, and filled in bad holes.
John Piercey's Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Turnpiked and ditched, 40 yards.
Gravelled 40 yards, 6 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Ditched 55 yards, 2 feet deep, 16 inches wide at the bottom.
December.
Union Mine Road.
J. R. Berkeley, Foreman.
Gravelled 1 mile from 6 to 12 inches deep, 10 feet wide.
Nimkish River Trail.
Constructed a trail from a point on the coast near the mouth of Nimkish River, following
the course of the river to Karmutsen Lake, a distance of about 4 miles.
L 346 Public Works Report. 1892
Hornby Island.
Commissioners, Thomas Williams and J. Ford.
North Side (road from Williams' running easterly).
Robert Scott, Contractor, $91.
Brushed, grubbed and graded 836 yards.
Ditched 300 yards, 4| feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed 79 feet, repaired culverts, ifec.
North Side (continuation of above road).
Albert Graham, Contractor,  $60.
Forest cleared, 858 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched, 257    ,, 4^      n 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed,      113 feet,     12       ,,
Put in 3 culverts and cut tail drains.
North Side (continuation of above road).
Frederick Sutton, Contractor, $18.50.
Improved and straightened the trail for 800 yards.
Removed rocks and roots, and cut down overhanging trees.    Did some grading.
Road running S. E. from the end of above work..
John Scott, Contractor, $10.
Forest cleared, 380 yards, 12 feet wide.
Road running West from Williams'.
John Skinner, Contractor, $50.
Cleared out and made general repairs, 117 yards.
Cleared, graded and turnpiked, 187 yards.
Road from the end of Skinner's work, running West and South.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $28.
Forest cleared, 880 yards, 12 feet wide.
Graded and turnpiked to Point Phipps, 12 feet wide, and 9 feet wide to the end.
Put in 6 culverts and cut tail drains.
Ditched 80 yards, 4| feet wide,  2 feet deep.
Road from the end of last Contract, running South.
S. Sutton, Contractor, $170.
Forest cleared, 3| miles, 9 feet wide.
Partially graded, blasted out boulders, made 329 yards of side hill cutting.
Built a bridge, 25 feet long, 12 feet wide.
Corduroyed 114 feet, 12 feet wide.
Made 3 culverts.
South Side (road to Christianson's claim).
Wm. Ford, Contractor,
Forest cleared f of a mile and graded 9 feet wide. 56 Vict. Public Works Report.
Road from the School-House to Scott's.
John Scott, Contractor, $84.
Cut down hillocks, filled in hollows, and graded 1 mile.
Put in four culverts, 14 feet long, four feet wide.
Ditched 327 yards, 4| feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Corduroyed 24 feet.
Contract No. 6.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $5.
Corduroyed 37 feet near Scott's, and covered with earth.
Contract No. 8.
F. Sutton, Contractor, $20.
Forest cleared and straightened 400 yards, and did some grading.
Contract No. 10.
Robert Scott, Contractor, $15.50.
Removed rocks and roots, and graded 384 yards, 12 feet wide.
Ditched on both sides 23 yards.
Corduroyed 29 feet,
Contract No. 11.
John Scott, Contractor, $18.
Removed rocks and roots, and turnpiked 65 yards.
Cut drain 4| feet wide and 2 feet deep.
Put in one culvert.
Contract No. 12.
John Scott, Contractor, $4.
Cut a ditch 29 yards, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Turnpiked 29 yards.
Conteact No. 13.
John Scott, Contractor, $7.
Removed roots and rocks ; ditched and turnpiked 58 yards.
Five or six other small and unimportant contracts have been carried out.
Denman Island.
A. Pickle, C. McFarlane, and T. H. Piercy, Commissioners.
Cross Road, Section 1.
T. W. Piercy, Contractor, $60.
Cribbed 181 feet, 6 feet high at the centre, and extended to grade at each end, fitted with
hand-railing and filled in with earth; made a culvert.
Section 2.
Wm. Baikie, Contractor, $84.
Grubbed and cleared  11 chains,  12 feet wide;   turnpiked  10 chains; made  a culvert;
and did some repairing and gravelling. 348 Public; Works Report. 1892
Section 3.
T. W. Piercy, Contractor, $100.
Cleared and graded side-hill  5  chains,   12 feet wide; double turnpiked 2 chains;  made
some cribbing.
Section 4.
J. McFarlan, Contractor, $62.
Turnpiked 1 chain; gravelled 9 chains,  8 feet wide,  8 inches deep ; corduroyed 25 feet;
made a culvert.
Section 5.
Geo. McFarlan, Contractor, $69.
Turnpiked 2 chains ; gravelled 7 chains ; made a culvert, <fec.
Beaver Dam Road, Section I.
R. Swan, Contractor, $29.
Cleared and graded 10 chains, 9 feet wide.
Corduroyed 30 feet, 9 feet wide; did some gravelling.
Section 2.
Wm. Baikie, Contractor, $28.
Grubbed and graded 21 chains, 9 feet wide.
Corduroyed and gravelled 12 feet.
Bednell's Road.
W. Baikie, Contractor, $28.50.
Forest cleared 28 chains, 12 feet wide.
Graded 28    „ 8      „
East Road, Section 1.
T. W. Piercy, Contractor, $25.
Corduroyed roadway with cedar and covered with gravel.
Built a bridge 54 feet long.
Section 2.
Ed. Graham, Contractor, $37.
Made 20 feet of corduroy and gravelled 6 inches deep.
Removed all stumps, trees and stones for a width of 17 feet; turnpiked 7 chains
Section 3.
R. T. Swan, Contractor, $18.75.
Turnpiked 2| chains ; made a culvert and ditches.
Section 4.
John Graham, Contractor, $7.50.
Turnpiked 2 chains and made a culvert.
Lake & Nixon's Road, Section 1.
A. Graham, Contractor, $72.50.
Turnpiked 2 chains ; corduroyed 80 feet; brushed 30 feet, and gravelled 5 chains
Section 2.
Wm. Baikie, Contractor, $33.00.
Turnpiked and repaired 5| chains. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 349
Section 3.
Theo. Nelson, Contractor, $82.25.
Brushed out 30 feet; corduroyed 3 chains; gravelled 3\ chains; turnpiked 4 chains, and
made 4 culverts.
Picket's Road.
Sundry repairs and improvements made by Albert Graham.
New Westminster District.
Court House, New Westminster (completion of the upper story).
Archibald Bros., Contractor, $2,150.
Furnished all materials and labour; put up partitions ; lathed and plastered the walls ;
deafened the floors ; laid T. & G. flooring ; wainscoted all rooms and corridors to a
height of 4 feet; furnished doors and windows and door casings ; painted the joiner
work two coats; connected gas mains with the new rooms ; provided and placed in
position three enamelled iron standard wash-basins ; connected the overflow with drain
and laid on the water all complete; provided a No. 4 Double Crown Gurney hot
water boiler and 10 radiators ; made all connections requisite for heating the rooms.
Sundry repairs were made to other portions of the building.
Sundry repairs were also made to the Provincial Gaol.
Asylum for the Insane.
Water has been laid on to the building from the New Westminster City water service,
and five hydrants provided and connected. The excavating and filling of trenches was
done by the patients. A large sized Gurney Heater has been substituted for a small
one, which was found to be insufficient to heat the building properly.
School-House, East Langley.
Wm. Skea, Contractor, $595.
Furnished all materials and erected a building in conformity with the general plan for
country school-houses.
School-House at South Sumas.
Wm. Stevenson, Contractor, $585.
Erected a country school-house as above.
Silverdale School-House.
Fancher & Boyd, Contractors, $660.
Erected a country school-house as above.
Fairfield School-House.
S. J. Turner, Contractor, $645.
Erected a country school-house as above.
Beaver School-House.
H. Coughlan, Contractor, $633.
Erected a country school-house as above.
Gulfside School-House.
David Maekay, Contractor, $590.
Erected a country school-house as above. 350 Public Works Report. 1892
Atchelitz School-House.
M. Stevenson, Contractor, $570.
Erected a country school-house as above.
Pitt River Road.
James Gunn, Foreman.
About 25 chains ditched, graded, and gravelled 9 inches deep and 14 feet wide.
Brush cut for 4 miles.
One mile ditched, part graded, and holes filled in (this distance filled in with gravel).
Six new planks in covering of bridge.
Culverts taken up, cleaned and repaired.
Total expenditure, $290.25.
New Westminstee and Hastings Road.
Repairs performed by Jos. Wintemute.
Filled holes with brush and rock from New Westminster City boundary to foot of Burnaby
Hill.    Distance, about two miles.    Ditching, grading, and gravelling.    Logs and fallen
timber cut and removed.
Amount expended by J. Wintemute, $157.50.
Rebuilding of six bridges on road, $860.
No. 1, 84 feet; No. 2, 97  feet; No. 3, 52 feet; No. 4, 52 feet; No. 5, 47 feet; No. 6,
64 feet long.
No. 7.—Renewal of 12 planks in flooring and repairs to approaches.
Total expended to date, inclusive of bridges and A. Cargill's work, authorized by Deputy
Commissioner Lands and Work, Victoria, $1,197.21.
Coquitlam River Bridge (construction of a Howe Truss  Bridge  and  approaches across the
Coquitlam River, near the Railway Junction, Coquitlam Municipality).
McCorvie & Bonson, Contractors.
Plans and specifications prepared by the Road Superintendent and work carried out under
the supervision of the Council.
Length of main span, 154 feet.
Height of truss, 17 feet; roadway, 14 feet in the clear, with trestle approaches of 99 and
192 feet respectively.
Amount of appropriation, $800.
New Westminster and Vancouver Teunk Road
Geo. Kerr, Section-man in charge.
Ditches and culverts cleaned out, bridges repaired, fallen timber removed, and part of the
standing timber along both sides of road cut. Brush and ferns on sides of road cut,
and sides of road trimmed. 315 cubic yards of screened gravel hauled and distributed
by Herbert Gilley at 44c. per cubic yard.    Total amount to date, $770.54.
Beidge across the East Channel of the Squamish River, Howe Sound.
Rannie & Campbell, Vancouver, Contractors, $790.
The bridge consists of 5 spans, 23 feet each, resting on piles, and a truss span of 60 feet,
resting on pile abutment and centre pier.
The approaches were originally intended to be 27 and 24 feet respectively, but after an
exceptionally high freshet, and just when the contractors were making preparations to
begin work, it was decided to raise the whole bridge 3 feet, and extend the approaches
about 60 feet on each side, and drive a row of piles up stream from the abutment and
pier of the main span, and place sheer booms alongside to guide drift timber through
under the main span, and as a protection to the trestle portion of the bridge.
Total expenditure to date, inclusive of Superintendent's pay, $1,068. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 351
Richmond and Vancouver Trunk Road  (from  the  North Arm   Bridge to   the   southern
boundary of Vancouver).
James Gunn, Foreman.
About three-quarters of a mile gravelled 9 inches deep and 14 feet wide.
Ditches and culverts cleaned out, brush, logs, and fallen timber  cut and removed ; fern
cut and sides of road trimmed, with other general repairs performed by the section-man
in charge.
Amount expended in gravelling $551  00
Section-man's pay       260 00
$811 50
Stave Valley Road, Whannock.
James Rolley, Contractor, $2C
Opening up a road from the S.W. corner of the S.E. -| of Section 21, Township 15, and
extending along the line between Sections 21 and 22 ; forest cleared 14 feet wide; logs
cut 12 feet and removed ; close cut 12 feet, and graded 8 feet, making a passable sled
road.
Hatzic Valley and Stave Lake Road, along the west side of Valley.
Under the control of Dewdney Municipality.
Forest  clearing, brushing, removal of logs, grading, and  laying corduroy, and otherwise
improving and extending the road.
Appropriation, $300, paid over to the Municipal Council upon certified completion of the
work.
Harbison Hot Speings Road.
Peter McGauley, Contractor for Nos. 1 and 2 Contracts, $127.
Clearing out and deepening ditch alongside road for a distance of 2,300 feet, and cribbing
850 feet.     The material for cribbing supplied on the ground by the settlers.
W. J. Murphy, Contractor for No. 3 Contract, $59.
Clearing out and deepening road ditch and clearing out and deepening culvert; distance
of ditch 1,700 feet.
Peter McGauley, Contractor for No. 4 Contract, at 90 cents per chain.
To clear out and deepen road ditch and cut brush on one side of  ditch for a  distance of
100 chains.
Gravelling along different portions  of  the  road ; the  settlers supplying the teams,  the
loading and spreadiug paid for out of the appropriation.     The sum expended  for this
being $150.
[Note —Owing to the excessive rain which has prevailed it is doubtful if No. 4 Contract
can be completed before next spring.]
Faer  Road  (connecting  the  Harrison  Hot  Springs  Road   with  the road  from  the Ham-
mersley Farm to the Fraser River.
David Galbraith, Contractor, $3.75 per chain.
Along the first mile all light brush cut and cleared for a width of 33 feet, knolls graded
down, and hollows filled in to a width of 16 feet; all the sloughs and low places cross-
laid with logs 10 inches in diameter and 16 feet long, and covered with light brush
8 inches deep. A ditch dug on both sides of road, the inner edge 2 feet clear from the
side of grade. The brush covered with earth 12 inches deep. From the south-west
corner of the north-west \ of section 26 forest cleared 40 feet wide (except very large
trees) and close-cut 20 feet wide ; culverts constructed across the large sloughs, having
spans of 12 feet clear, and remainder of sloughs filled in with brush and earth.
Appropriation, $350, 352 Public Works Report. 1892
Annand Road, Surrey.
George Annan, Foreman.
Construction of a bridge across a deep ravine between the S.W. -| of section 10 and
N.W. \ of section 3, Township 7.
Length of bridge 195 feet,  18  feet high,   13  feet  wide; cribbed abutments and centre
piers, covered with split cedar, ribbons, braces, and handrails; also grading approaches
to bridge.
Appropriation, $300.
The actual cost of the work has been $600, but the settlers made up the difference in
voluntary labour.
Walworth Road.
J. L. Walworth, Foreman.
About 18 chains of new road constructed; forest cleared, logs, brush, and stumps
removed to a width of 30 feet, and road graded 14 feet wide and ditched ; 100 feet of
corduroy laid.
Hill near Campbell Creek graded 14 feet wide and ditched on upper side, also brush cut
where overhanging road.
Amount expended to date $200.
Road on Line between Sections 8 and 9, Township 10 (south from the New Westminster, Hope, and Yale Road, Langley, to give outlet to the Cameron and Lochiel
settlement).
Tenders were invited for the work, but all being too high none were accepted. Work
now being done by Alexander Cameron in accordance with special offer from him to
dig the whole of the road ditch and outlet ditches, and to supply and lay clown at
least 10 chains of corduroy, as specified, for $250.
Under construction.
Town Line Road (south from Shortreed's to the International Boundary Line, between Townships 10 and 13.
Tenders were invited for the work, but were all too high, and it has been carried out by
Basil Haines in a modified form, viz., to make a change in the road along the face of a
very deep ravine, in order to obtain an easy grade ; distance about 13 chains. Forest
cleared about 20 feet wide, cribbed up on the lower side of road, where required, and
the face of the ravine sloped off, and a road graded 12 feet wide for the sum of $100.
Ibbottson Road (south from the Mount Lehman and New Westminster, Hope, and Yale
Road toward the International Boundary).
John Ibbottson in charge.
Constructing a piece of road (new) on high land to avoid a swamp.
Forest clearing, brushing, cutting and removing of roots, logs, See., and grading.
Amount expended, $100.
Greer Road (south from Yale Road toward the International Boundary, on the line between
sections 22 and 23, Township 13,
Thomas Greer in charge.
Forest clearing and brushing 18 feet wide, logs cut and removed 14 feet wide, and knolls
graded down and hollows filled in 10 feet wide, and along the face of a deep ravine a
good road formed 12 feet wide.
Amount expended, $100, 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 353
Mount Lehman Trunk Road (from the public landing to the New Westminster-Hope and
Yale Road).
Charles Burton, Foreman.
Grading and ditching the road along the hill above the  landing,  blasting  and  removing
stumps and timber for a width of 30 feet, and grading a  piece  of new  road about  18
chains in length.     Grading, ditching,   filling in holes,   laying  corduroy,   and  removing
roots and fallen timber &c, &c, along the entire road.
■    Amount expended to date, $519.75.
Repairs on Nicholson and Hawkins' Road (Mount Lehman settlement).
Robert Coglan in charge.
Bridge about 50 feet long rebuilt with hewn timber, covered with split cedar, with
ribbons and handrails, corduroy laid in several places, holes filled in, and sundry other
repairs.
Amount expended to date, $100.
McKay Road (Mount Lehman settlement).
Jas. Brewster in charge.
Bridge rebuilt: about 50 feet long, 8 feet high, 13 feet wide ; covered with split cedar ;
ribbons and handrails.
Cost, $60.
Bridge Rebuilt across Sumas Creek (at York's, on the line of the New Westminster
Hope and Yale Road).
William Russell, Foreman.
The main span is 54 feet, having a truss of four panels, upper and lower chords secured
with suspension rods, braces and counter braces ; rise of truss, 10 feet, resting on pile
abutments, also four spans 23 feet each, supported by piles. The chords, stringers,
needlekams, main braces, caps, and corbels are hewn timber ; the braces and counter
braces, covering,-ribbons, and rails are sawn lumber. Piles were all driven with a
land driver having a monkey l,300tt>s weight.
Total cost, $656.20.
Main Road from Riverside to Matsqui amd Sumas. (Earth fill and culverts on the
line of road.)
This work could not be carried out until after the high water in the Fraser and on the
Matsqui Prairie, when specifications were prepared and tenders invited, but offers
being far in excess of the appropriation, none were accepted.
The work is now being clone under the supervision of Donald McKay, by day labour.
The road across two sloughs to be raised 2 to 7 feet, and widened about 8 feet.
Two box culverts to be placed, one in each slough, of the following dimensions : 50
feet long, 2 feet wide, and 3 feet high ; bottom constructed of 3x12 plank, sides 6x6
timber, laid in courses and tree-nailed.
Appropriation, $600.
Road from Huntington West (on the line between the N. E. | and S. E. | of Section 3,
north through centre of Section 3, and west along the line between 4, 9, 8, 5, 7, and 6,
Township 16, and Sections 1, 12, 2, and 11, Township 13; distance about 5| miles.
Jno. McLean and T. Peardon, Foremen.
To be forest cleared and brushed 30 feet wide, logs to be cut 16 feet and removed; close
cut 12 feet wide ; knolls graded clown and hollows filled in for a width of 12 feet, and
a passable waggon road constructed. The settlers along the line, and residents of
Huntingdon, have subscribed 259 days' voluntary labour, and about $150 cash, which,
with the Government appropriation, will open the road through,
The work is now underway.
Amount of appropriation, $350,. 354 Public Works Report. 1892
Road from Nicomen Station (east along the north side of the C.P.R., to Lisgar Fruit Farm,
Squakum Lake).
Geo. Yeomans, Contractor, $400.
Work let in six sections.
Contract No.  1.
Brush and timber cut for a width of 15 feet and removed; logs cut 12 feet and removed,
close cut, 10 feet wide ; bridge constructed, having 2 spans ; 3 runs of stringers covered
with split cedar 4 inches thick ; ribbons pinned on to covering and stringers ; width
of bridge, 12 feet.
Contract No. 2.
Bridge, 30-foot span; 3 runs of stringers resting on cribbed abutments, covered with split
cedar 4 inches thick ; ribbons pinned on to covering and stringers ; width of bridge, 12
feet; 280 feet of corduroy laid, 12 feet long, 4 inches thick ; culvert constructed.
Contract No. 3.
Bridge with spans 25 feet each ; 3 runs of stringers resting on mud sills, and bents covered
with split cedar, 4 inches thick ; ribbons pinned on to covering and stringers ; width
of bridge, 12 feet.
Contract No. 4.
Course of small stream changed and bridge contructed, 12-foot span ; 3 runs of stringers,
covered with split cedar 4 inches thick ; width of bridge, 15 feet; ribbons laid on and
secured as above; 100 feet of corduroy laid 12 feet long, 4 inches thick, and covered
with earth.
Contract No. 5.
Bride 40 feet long; 2 spans constructed as above.
Contract No. 6.
Two bridges, each 20 feet long, constructed as above. Work now under course of construction.
Nicomen   Island   Main   Road   (from  opposite  Johnson's  Landing  Ferry  to  McDonald's
Landing).
Let in 14 contracts to the following parties, viz.:
Contract price.
H. Ross, No. la : $49
H. L. Miller, No. 16, and No. 7    17 and $18              respectively.
J. Hill, No. 2 and No. 12    50 „ 10
J. Jaggers, No. 3 and No. 14    45 n 19                       n
W. McDonald, No. 5, No. 8, and No. 10    15 „ 22 and $35
Alex. McDonald, No. 11    100
J. Mclnnes, No. 6 and No. 9   46 ,. 26                       ,.
M. Jaggers, No. 4 and No. 13    20 n 14                       i,
General particulars of contracts.
Conteact No. 1a.
Brush cleaned out 20 feet from centre of the road; holes filled in; specified grading
done 10 feet from centre line of road to inside edge of ditch; culvert constructed.
Contract No. 1b.
Bridge having 3 stringers constructed (near Miller's); bridge secured with iron drift
bolts, and covered with 2 feet of earth ; grade west of bridge to be raised to a given
level marked on picket at that point. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 355
Contract No. 2.
Commencing at ferry opposite Johnson's Landing ; thence east to Welch's House, clearing
all brush from road allowance 30 feet wide.
Contract No. 3.
Road from Welch's House east to  Hills',  all brush  cleared  off road  allowance between
above points.
Contract No. 4.
Where road crosses A. McDonald's eastern boundary.    All holes filled in; culvert placed
under fill, the full width of 16 feet being maintained on top.
Conteact No. 5.
Moving fence south of road, running south of A. McDonald's place, and re-erecting it on
southern boundary of road.
Contract No. 6.
Brush cleared out 30 feet wide across Miller's lot, and west between Miller's and Clarke's
lot, following surveyed line.
Contract No. 7.
Removal of fence at Miller's House from road centre, and replacing it on northern
boundary of road.
Contract JNb. 8.
Moving fence east of S. McDonald's lot from centre of road allowance, and replacing it
on western boundary of road ; also removing fruit trees, corral, &c.
Contract No. 9.
Holes filled and graded up on road past S. McDonald's eastern boundary, north of corral4
Contract No. 10.
Raising grade between Miller and Curtis, and following S. McDonald's eastern boundary
from picket to picket; a 2-foot culvert under grade, and grade to be full 16 feet wide
on top.
Contract No. 11.
Raising grade across A. McDonald's lot, between picket and bridge; width on top, 16
feet; a sloping grade from the present bridge level to level of ground at picket.
Contract No. 12.
Filling hole, near Johnson's Landing Ferry.
Contract No. 13.
Filling, See., along road cleaned out by J. Mclnnis, holes, &c, graded up and filled in.
Contract No. 14.
Replacing and reloading two bridges along road, east of Hill's.
Work not completed, but under construction.
Total of contracts.
Road from Johnson's Landing to the Hatzic Slough Bridge (under  the control of the
Dewdney Municipality).
Forest clearing, brushing, removal of logs, and filling up sloughs, Sec.
Appropriation, $150.    Paid over to the Municipal Council upon certified  completion of
work.
Road from Wells' Landing to Mission Station.
Chas. Burton, Foreman.
Ditching, grading, corduroying, and other repairs.
Appropriation, $80. 350 Public Works Report. 1892
Wren and Silver Creek Road.
Jno. Wren, Foreman.
Cutting  and removing  brush, logs, and roots ;  widening  and  straightening of road  at
different points ; placing corduroy, ditching, &c.
Appropriation, $150.
North Arm and Vancouver Trunk Road.
Jas. Gunn, Foreman.
Grading and ditching a portion of the road between Vancouver city boundary and the
cemetery, and laying corduroy 16 feet long, 10 inches wide, 6 inches thick, and covering
with 3 inches of sand—distance about 26 chains—and from the cemetery south towards
the North Arm. The road at different points graded and holes filled with the best
material obtainable ; ditches cleaned and corduroy laid, &c.
Amount expended to date, $600.
Lynn and Seymour Creek Trail, Moodyville.
Work performed by Jas. Keith.
Cutting and removing logs and brush, repairing bridges and corduroy, and relaying plank
foot-path across flats from Moodyville Creek to Lynn Creek.
Amount expended, $75.28.
Port Moody Road (from Brunette Bridge to Port Moody).
Jas. Gunn, Foi'einan.
Cutting and removing brush and logs; grading; filling holes with rock and gravel;
cleaning and deepening ditches and culverts; renewing covering of culverts, &c.
North Port Moo;;y Road.
Jas. Gunn, Foreman.
Removal  of logs  and fallen timber; brush cut; ditches cleaned, and holes filled with
gravel.
Amount expended to date, $50.
Brunette River Bridge (Port Moody Road).
McCorvie & Bonson, Contractors.
Removed old bridge across the Brunette River and erected new one as follows :—Main
span, 60-foot truss; 4 panels, with suspension rods, braces and counter braces; rise of
truss, 10 feet; width of bridge from out to out, 15 feet 8 inches; one span 21 feet,
with 4 runs of stringers ; flooring, 3 by 12 inches; the superstructure resting on
cribbed abutments.
Cost, $350.
Road extending from Preston's Landing north through Sections 25, 26, 35 and 36, Township 14—under the control of the Mission Municipal Council.
To forest clearing, brush, log, and  close  cut;  knolls graded  down and hollows filled in,
and a passable sled road constructed.
Appropriation, $200—to be paid to the Municipal Council upon certified completion of
work.    Not yet completed.
Construction of 2i miles of road—commencing ^ of a mile from the western boundary of
New Westminster City and following the general course of the North Arm Trail.
McCorvie & Bonson, Contractors, $998.
Forest cleared 33 feet; brush close cut 20 feet; logs cut 14 feet and removed; roots and
stumps cut level with the ground for a width of 12 feet; hollows filled and knolls
graded down; grading along side-hills and making fills across low flats, and constructing 4 bridges, 96 feet, 38 feet, 133 feet, and 107 feet, respectively. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 357
A change had to be made in the location of one bridge, increasing its length from 52 to
96 feet, and height from 5 to 15 feet, but by the change improving the course of the
road, cutting down a steep hill and raising a fill, 27 chains additional grading. The
extra cost being $50.
Extra work performed upon old portion of road, gravelling, ditching, and grading.
Total expenditure, $1,048.
Skinner Road, Mission.
Work under the control of the Mission Municipal Council.
Ditching, laying corduroy, and general repairs.
Work not completed. Appropriation, $100—to be paid to the Municipal Council upon
certified completion of work.
Road along the west bank of Stave River.
Robert Thompson in charge.
From  Robert  Thompson's  ranch  north-east; forest clearing, brushing, removal of logs,
grading and close cutting.
Not completed.    Appropriation, 8100.
Barnet and Port Moody Road.
Jas. Gunn, Foreman.
Brush and fallen timber cut and removed; holes filled in along the road; ditches cleaned
at different points, and bridges repaired.
Amount expended to date, $80.
Elphingstone and Georgetown Road (Howe Sound).
Let in five contracts as follows :—
No. 1—Across the Manning and Grant lots, T. Andrews, $168.
No. 2—Along the north of Blake and Fletcher lots, I. Fletcher, $157.
No. 3—Across the Smith and Edgerton lots, J. W. Grant, $67.
No. 4—Across G. Payne's lot, J. Payne, $30.
No. 5—Constructing a bridge and grading approaches, cribbing, Sec., W. J. Manning, $31.
General details of work :—
Forest clearing and brushing 16 feet wide; logs cut 12 feet long and removed; close  cut
10 feet wide; corduroy laid over all soft places, 6 inches thick and 12 feet long, or logs
10 to 12 inches in diameter halved; side-hills graded down and a road constructed 10
feet wide.
Bridges  constructed having  3  stringers  not less than  12 by 12 inches and spans of 30
feet, covered with split cedar 6 inches thick and 12 feet long, and held in position by
ribbons pinned into stringers.
Steep hill from Gibson's Landing up to the level  cut  down  and graded   12  feet  wide.
Work performed by day labour, Geo. Gibson in charge.    Cost $50.
Appropriation, $500,    Work under construction but not completed.
Bridge at Harrison Station (on the line of road from the river landing to the C. P. Ry.)
Jas. Scowletz, Contractor, $100.
Bridge  100 feet long,  consisting of four stringers 12 by 12 inches on 3 bents, resting on
mud sills; the bents being composed of four uprights 12 by 12 inches, with cedar caps;
covering of bridge sawn plank, 2 by 12 inches; approach of flatted cedar.
Now under construction.
Cade Road (North of Mission).
Jno. B. Cade, Foreman.
Forest  clearing,  brushing,   cutting  and removal of logs,  Sec; close cutting and grading
down knolls, filling in hollows, and making a passable road for sled or waggon.
Appropriation, 358 Public Works Report. 1892
Construction of Howe Truss Bridge (having two spans) across the Lillooet River, north
of Port Haney, Maple Ridge Municipality.
McCorvie & Bonson, Contractors, $1200.
No. 1 Span, 79 feet long, with a rise of 12 feet, the upper and lower chords being composed of three courses of timber, clamped, packed and bolted. The braces and counter
braces bear upon iron angle blocks, with two suspension rods between each panel.
No. 2 Span, 50 feet long, with a rise of 9 feet ; the upper and lower chords being each
composed of single timbers. The braces and counter braces gained into chords and
fastened with iron dowels, and having a suspension rod between each panel. The
structure is supported by a centre pier of 18 piles, securely braced with 3x12 in. plank.
The abutments are composed of double rows of piles, four piles in each row, with piles
for sheer wing, The whole braced with timber and sheeted with 3x12 in. plank. To
be completed by the 17th of December.
Sumas Municipality.
Grant for the general repair of roads within the Municipal bounds.    Under the control
of the Municipal Council.
General repairs to the Sumas portion of the New Westminster,  Hope and Yale road;
the Sumas and Boundary Line, and the Sumas and Huntingdon roads.
Appropriation,  $500.     Paid over to the Municipal Council upon certified completion of
work.
Connection between the North Arm Road and the west end of Sixth Avenue, New
Westminster City.
Blasting of stumps, &c, and removal of logs, &c, 33 feet, and grading road 16 feet wide;
distance, 2 chains.
By day labour.
Appropriation, $100.
Re-covering of Government Wharf,  Brownsville.
McQuarrie & Co., Contractors, $270.52.
Removing old covering and joists, and replacing with new material.
Extra work, 26 pieces of new plank in approach.
Coquitlam Bridge, Pitt River Road.
Work performed by James Gunn.
Tarring and sanding bridge ; tightening bolts and suspension rods.
Amount expended, $39.50.
McRae Road, North (northerly from Wren Road), Mission.
Donald McRae, Foreman.
Cutting timber, logs and brush.
Removing of logs, grading, and laying corduroy.
Amount expended, $100.
Scott Road (known as part of the New Westminster and Blaine Trunk Road).
Robert Gray, Foreman.
Cutting brush ; cutting and removal of logs from ditches and sides of road.
Ditching and filling up holes with brush, earth and gravel.
About 660 yards graded and gravelled.
Repairs to covering of bridge opposite Walford's.
Repairs to corduroy, and ditches cleaned out on rise of hill above Brownsville.
Total expenditure to date, $325. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 359
New   Westminstkr-Hope   and   Yale Trunk Road, and Ladner's to Hope Road.
Ladner's to Hope Road.
Repairs under the control of the Delta Municipal Council.
Let in 7 sections—To haul and lay on gravel 6 inches deep and 6 feet wide.
The work to be completed to the satisfaction of the Road Committee.
Appropriation, $2,500.
To be paid over to the Municipal Council upon certified completion of the work.
From the North Road to the Coast Meridian Road.
James Gunn, Foreman.
Removing timber and logs ; also roots,  boulders,  &c, from the centre of the road ; and
filling in holes with the best gravel obtainable within a reasonable distance.
Amount expended, $498.
New Westminster-Hope and Yale Road (from the Serpentine Flats to Langley).—Repairs.
Chas. McCallum, Foreman.
Cutting and removing brush, timber, and logs, digging new ditches, cleaning out and
deepening old ditches, grading down a pitch on the hill west of Langley Prairie,
grading at different points, and filling in holes with rock, and covering with earth and
gravel of the best quality obtainable within a reasonable distance; repairs to bridges,
culverts, and corduroy.
Amount expended, $407.
Repairs feom Murray's Hill to Bovill's Saw-mill (New Westminster-Hope and Yale
Road, a distance of 6,412 feet, let by contract; Section 1, Thos. Biggar, $150;
Sections 2 and 4, Gilbert Lawrence, $320 ; Section 3, Nils Nilson, $189.
Brush on both sides of road cut one foot clear of the outer edge of ditches and removed ;
roots, stumps, and boulders removed off the road; ditched on one side the entire
distance; all holes filled with brush, and graded over or covered with cedar slabs 16
feet long and 6 inches thick ; tail drains cut, and culverts cleaned and constructed, and
road graded throughout the 6,412 feet.
Amount expended, inclusive of some extra work and Inspector's pay, $878.
Gravelling the above.
Jno. Murchison, Contractor, at 88 cents per cubic yard, delivered on road and spread.
It was specified that the gravel should be taken from a certain pit, but before operations
were begun another and much better bed of gravel was found, but situated ^ of a mile
further away, with very rough ground to haul over. This gravel the contractor agreed
to supply at 98 cents per cubic yard. About one week after commencing, the weather
broke, and operations have been suspended, and nothing further can be done until
spring unless a hard frost sets in. The quantity of gravel required will be about 700
cubic yards, amounting to $686.
Repairs from Bovill's Mill to Shortreed's.
Robert Brown Foreman.
Letting water off road, and filling the worst holes with brush, rock, and gravel.
Amount expended, $150.
Town Line Road South from Murray's Coenee, Langley (between Townships 7 and 10).
Jas. B. Smith, Contractor, $135.86.
1,030 feet forest clearing and logging, 20 feet wide; close cut, 10 feet wide; 560 feet of
corduroy, 10 feet long, and 3 inches thick laid down; Bridge, 36 feet long, 16 feet
wide, 3 stringers, covered with split cedar, with ribbons pinned on top. 360 Public Works Report. 1892
McLennan Road Survey.
Thos. Shannon in charge.
Cutting brush and overhanging timber, cutting and removing logs, grading, corduroying,
and gravelling, cleaning out and deepening ditches, etc.
The work provided for by special grant, $500.
The work is only partly^ done, and unless dry frosty weather sets in nothing further can
be done until next spring.
Road on Section Line between Sections 22 and 27, Township 8.
Jno. Latimer, Contractor, $400.
To construct a bridge, 120 feet long, 12 feet high, 4 bents, 2 abutments; one bridge, 200
feet long, 15 feet high, 8 bents and 2 abutments; each bridge to have 4 runs of
stringers; width, 14 feet; covering, split cedar, 3 inches thick; ribbons and handrails.
To open | mile of road, brush 16 feet, logs cut 14 feet and removed, close cut 9 feet,
knolls graded down, holes and hollows filled in, and a passable road for waggons
constructed.
Now in course of construction, to be completed March, 1893.
Stave Lake Valley, Head of Bcrton's Prairie.
To improve and extend road on east side of valley, under the control of the Dewdney
Municipality.
The work will consist of forest clearing, cutting and removing brush and logs, close
cutting, grading, and corduroying.
Special appropriation, $300, will be paid to the Municipal Council upon certified completion of work.
The above under construction.
Erection of a Howe Truss Bridge across Vedder Creek.
McCorvie & Bonson, Contractors, 82,345.
Length of span, 140 feet, 10 panels 14 feet each; height of truss, 17 feet from chord to
chord; roadway, 14 feet in the clear; the superstructure resting on pile abutments, 2
rows of 5 piles in each row, with sheer wings having 4 piles in each row, capped,
braced, and bolted, and sheeted with 3 in. by 12 in. plank; 2 approaches, 110 feet
each, resting on ]jiles and bents; 4 runs of stringers, 8 in. by 14 in. and 6 in. by 14 in.,
with ribbons and handrails.
The approaches were constructed by special agreement, after contract was awarded for
bridge, for $600.
Extras for additional work on bridge and abutments and extension of approaches, $231.30.
Total, $3,176.30. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 361
SUMAS RECLAMATION WORKS.
The Sumas Reclamation Co., Ld., through John A. Lumsden, Esq., made application to
the Government to guarantee the interest, as permitted by section 40 of the "Drainage, Dyking, and Irrigation Act," on two thirds of the money which it was estimated by their engineer
would be required to carry out certain dyking and reclamation works at Sumas, proposed to
be undertaken by authority of the " Sumas Dyking and Drainage Act, 1892," and submitted
the following statement of the plans proposed to be adopted, and the estimated cost of the
works, viz.:—
Victoria, September 21st, 1892.
In the following few pages will be found a fairly full account of the plans proposed by
Mr. P. J. Van Loben Sels, dyking and reclamation engineer, late of Holland, for the effectual
dyking and reclamation of some thirty thousand acres of rich land at Sumas, now practically
valueless to this Province owing to the fact that they are subject annually to overflow from
the waters of the Fraser River, during the months of May, June, July, and August; and a
much larger area, including fifty or sixty thousand acres, will be favourably affected and
greatly increased in value by the completion of this important undertaking.
Mr. Van Loben Sels' qualifications as a dyking and hydraulic engineer, are satisfactorily
established in the best possible manner—the successful execution of the same kind of difficult
engineering upon this Coast.
Mr. Lovell White, cashier of the San Francisco Savings Union, writes regarding him,
under date of March 28th, 1892, as follows :—
" In re P. J. Van Loben Sels, civil and dyking engineer. Mr. Van Loben Sels appears
" to have made a complete success in reclaiming Runyon Island, after repeated failures by
" other parties. His reclamation has added to the value of the island nearly or quite one
" million of dollars. He is widely consulted, and is regarded as high authority on the subject
" of dyking and reclamation of tide and overflowed lands."
And Ira Bishop, manager of the San Francisco Tool Co., the largest manufacturers of
reclamation pumping machinery, possibly, on the Continent, writes under date of February
llth, 1892:—
"As to P. J. Van Loben Sels' capacity as a reclamation engineer, we know of none
better."
His Report.
Owing to the shortness of my stay in this Province, the maps and profiles of the dykes as
now staked out on the ground, after a thorough examination of the locality, cannot at this
moment be submitted, being still in course of preparation ; the lines, however, will not differ
in any material point from the plans of the Hon. Edgar Dewdney, made in November, 1876
(see Sessional Papers, British Columbia, 1877, pages 269-276), to which I refer, except that
between the Sumas River and Miller's Mountain, the dyke proposed will run in a line nearly
straight, and that in the dyke from Miller's Mountain to Chilliwhack Mountain, no gates will
be constructed, as sufficient and better drainage can be provided for the lands affected by the
construction of a drainage ditch, draining into McGillivray's Slough, the latter connecting
with Sumas River, which it is proposed to keep at a low level by very powerful pumping
works, to be erected at the point where the Sumas Biver is to be closed by locks, of which a
more particular description will be found below.
Foundation.
The foundation of the proposed dykes was found to be excellent, both with a view of
supporting and of affording material for the construction of the dykes. A stratum of fine
clay, varying in depth from three to twenty feet, underlies  the  foundation,   and will furnish, 362 Public Works Report. 1892
at comparatively little cost, the most desirable material. In no place was this clay found at a
greater depth than two feet from the surface. The site proposed is covered by a dense growth
of large cotton wood trees and underwood, a most favourable circumstance, as the berme of (50)
fifty feet in width, which will be left on the outside of the dyke, and from which the woods
will not be removed, will at once furnish a most valued protection against wave action or
" wash."
Construction.
The site itself is to be thoroughly cleared of all trees, brush, roots and vegetable matter
whatever, and the ground is thereafter to be thoroughly ploughed and pulverized. In the
centre a ditch is to be dug of a V shape, six feet deep, six feet wide at its top, and four at
its bottom, and is to be filled in with excellent clay, by means of scrapers drawn by horses.
The earth excavated out of said ditch is to be placed on the outside or rear of half the dyke,
if found good enough for that purpose.
A berme of the uniform width of fifty feet, is to be left between the outer toe of the
dyke and the borrow-pits, and the borrow-pits themselves are to be divided at distances of 500
feet by benches of 10 feet in width, on which the trees and brush will not be cleared off, in
order to prevent a free and uninterrupted flow of the river water at flood times, through the
borrow pits.
Dimensions.
The dimensions of the dykes proposed are to be not less than an eight-feet crown, an
outside slope of 3x1, and an inside slope of 2x1. The height is to be 4| feet above the 1876
flood, and 3 feet abov: thai of 1882..     10% to be added for allowance of settling of material.
All undesirable earth, both in the foundation and borrow-pits, is to be stripped and
thrown aside ; none but good material to be used in the construction of the dykes, the earth to
be carefully selected, the best clay to be placed in front.
Coffer-Ditch.
Where layers of sandy material underlie the stratum of clay, the borrow-pits will be
allowed to retain a stratum of clay of at least one foot in thickness at the bottom, in order to
prevent the outside waters from reaching the sandy material. As a further prevention from
under-ground seepage, an additional ditch will be constructed in front of the dyke in those
places to as great a depth as is practicable (say 15 feet) and filled in with clay by teams and
scrapers.
Cross-Section of proposed Dyke.
At the point where the dykes join the rocky slopes of Miller's and Chilliwhack Mountains, a cut is to be made in the rock, at least 6 feet wide and 12 feet long, and is to be filled
in with clay, said clay to form one continuous mass with the clay of the dykes.
Lateral Dykes on the Achelitz.
On the left bank of the Achelitz, a dyke is to be constructed, running southerly, of
similar dimensions and construction as the Fraser River embankments, just mentioned, to a
point where the natural banks reach a height three feet above the 1882 flood.
Locks and Navigation.
It is proposed to close up Sumas River by locks, working as flood-gates at low stages of
the Fraser Biver, and allowing a system of perfect navigation for vessels drawing 5 or 6 feet
of water, up the magnificent channel of the Sumas River, even at its lowest stage, to the lake,
afterwards (by constructing a canal through the lake-bed, one side of which would be formed
by Sumas Mountain, and the other by the earth thrown up by a dredger in digging a canal
through the lake bottom) connecting with Sumas Creek, thereby giving all the lands affected,
even those near the boundary line, the immense advantage of navigation for shipment of the
crops raised thereon; only one lock dividing its waters from the great national highway of
commerce, the Fraser River. These locks are to be built on piles driven to hard-pan or bed-rock (unless it should be
ound feasible to build directly on the rock),  and are to be constructed entirely out of solid
masonry, or of artificial stone and hydraulic cement, pi-obably the latter.
Locks to be 80 feet wide and 250 feet long, gates to be of either oak wood or steel.
Pump-House.
One side of the locks will be at the same time the foundation for the pump house, power
for which is to be furnished by turning off the waters of the Vedder Creek, and bringing
them to this site by means of a 30 or 36-inch steel pipe, affording a head of 100 feet. After
the water has left the turbines, it is to flow out on the outside of the locks to the Fraser River.
Vedder Creek (Luck-a-Kuck).
By means of a dam at the head of Vedder Creek, the waters thereof, now flowing into
Sumas Lake, will be turned into the bed of the Luck-a-Kuck, thus relieving Sumas Lake and
Sumas River of an immense amount of water, both perennial and at freshet time.
Appropriate works for the protection of the banks of the Luck-a-Kuck, rendered necessary
by the increased flow through its channel, will be constructed and are now under consideration.
In addition, it may be appropriate to add, that if it is carried out in the manner indicated,
the undersigned has no hesitancy in expressing absolute faith in the success of this enterprise.
Estimated Cost.
While the undersigned is not prepared at this juncture to give exact figures of the cost
of the proposed work, he submits the following, which will be found, as he believes, to be not
very far from the mark :—
Fraser River Dykes, 300,000 cubic yards , $
Achelitz Lateral Dykes	
Locks and Pumphouse, say ,	
Running off water out of Vedder Creek into Luck-a-Kuck, and
protecting banks of latter, say	
Pipe line from head of Vedder Creek to Pump-house, 5 miles. .
Surveys, Salaries, extras and unforeseen expenses	
Total $275,000 00
I have the honour to be,
Your obedient servant,
P. J. Van Loben Sels, C. E.
Appendix.
The Sumas Dyking District proper consists, according to the survey made subsequent to
the 1876 high-water, of about 30,000 acres, inclusive of Lake Sumas, which covers about 9,000
acres ; of the remainder, about 15,000 consist of prairie lands, and about 6,000 acres of timber
and brush lands. The high-water of 1882 flooded no more prairie land than did the high-water
of 1876, as every portion of it was then overflowed, but it swept over more timber and brush
land,—being one and one-half feet higher—possibly sufficient to extend the overflow area to
33,000 or 35,000 acres. While around and beyond these lands lie several thousand acres of
good land, covered with timber—which will be incidentally and advantageously affected very
much in value by the carrying out of this important undertaking :—And to the eastward, in
Chilliwhack proper, are situate rich lands, which will be measurably increased in value owing
to their contiguity. 364 Public Works Report. 1892
With regard to the prairie lands at Sumas, protected as they will be by the massive and
substantial works which we propose to construct, a valuation of $100.00 per acre will be a
moderate estimate to place upon them ; and they are capable of paying interest upon a much
higher valuation.
The names of all the proprietors of Sumas lands to be protected by the dykes I cannot
at the moment give; but the names of the principal ones and of the majority of them, are as
follows :—Thos. Irwin, Chas. Street, Arthur Street, the Fords, the Carters, F. Lickman, the
Hodgsons, George, William, Chester and Jas. Chadsey, Donald McGillivray, Jno. L. Atkinson,
D. W. Miller, Alex. Ewen, D. Munn, Alex. Cruikshanks, Jno. and F. Lumsden, Amos Bowman,
A C. Bowman, Mrs. Campbell, E. A. Morrissey, — Chapman, — Reckert, Jasper, Eugene,
M. and William Fadden, Asa Ackerman, O B. Ackerman, Mrs. Dyas, Thos. York, Fraser York,
— Fooks, T. Higginson, Corbould-McGillivray Syndicate, Frank Arnold, the Russells (three
of them), H. Johnson, J. Hinchey, Thos. Lewis, Mrs. M. Lewis, G. M. Richards, Mrs. Wilson,
Mrs. Forsythe, Thos. Dunville, Wm. Hall, H. Hall, Geo. Hall, Matthew and Thos. Hall, Hector
aud J. Toop, Chas. Wilson, H. Wayne, and — Wilson, late of Tasmania, and William Hall,
etc., etc.
While if the line of dyke be run up the west bank of the Luk-a-Kuck instead of the west
bank of the Achelitz—and this plan has of late been seriously considered—some 1,200 or
1,500 acres more of land will be included; and the proprietors so benefitted will be Mrs. and
Messrs. Evans, and W. Conly, etc.
Other benefits of no slight importance will follow the successful completion of this enterprise, to wit:—other and somewhat extensive fertile lands in the immediate neighbourhood,
and elsewhere in the Fraser River Valley—now subject almost in their entirety annually to
devastation from overflow—will soon be effectually dyked; and in this manner the agricultural
wealth of the Province will be largely increased.
I again take the opportunity now afforded me in laying this communication before the
Government to urge in the strongest possible manner the necessity of having the channel of
the Fraser River, at all events between Chilliwhack Mountain and the'mouth of Nicomen
Slough, straightened and improved, by damming up Nicomen Slough at its head, and constructing such works as will cause the current to remove the numerous extensive bars which now
choke up and obstruct its free course. As a natural sequence of such an amelioration, the
annual high-waters will be lowered, and the depth of the navigable channel will be very considerably increased, and large steamers of comparatively deep draught will be enabled to run
from Victoria to Chilliwhack and intermediate ports without breaking bulk as is now the case.
This is a commercial point of no small importance to all our cities, and to the rapidly increasing-
population of the wealthy valley of the Fraser.
Mr. Van Loben Sels, a hydrographical engineer of reputation and standing, is of opinion
that these works might be constructed properly for about $100,000 ; while the advantages
conferred, I may venture to say, upon the Province, would at once return interest on a much
larger sum. And it might well be that a less amount would suffice. This is, of course, a
question which could only be satisfactorily answered after a complete investigation.
A thorough hydrographical survey of this portion of the Fraser River should be soon
made ; and in this connection, I may add, it is a matter of the most pressing concern that
the engineer chosen to undertake so important a duty should be fully equipped from the
nature of his training and experience to cope with all the difficulties attendant upon the
changing of the course and the improvement of the navigable channel of so important a
natural highway for our fast increasing inland commerce. Failures in these directions are
more frequently due to the incompetence of engineers, than to the real magnitude of the
difficulties to be overcome.
I have the honour to be,
Yours faithfully,
John A. Lumsden.
In order that the Government might be in a position to deal intelligently with the
matter it was considered desirable that an engineer should be employed to make a careful
examination and to report fully upon the proposed scheme. Accordingly the services of Messrs.
Keefer & Smith, civil engineers, were secured. They made the necessary investigations and
have reported as follows, viz.:— 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 365
REPORT
On the proposals made by Me. P. J. Van Loeben Sels.
Chambers, Five Sisters' Block,
Victoria, B.C., November 22nd, 1892.
To the Hon. Forbes Vernon,
Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works.
Sir,—In accordance with your letter of instructions of date October 20th ult., authorizing
us to " proceed to Sumas and there make such an examination of the lands proposed to
be reclaimed as would enable us to report upon the practicability of the plan of Mr. Van
Loben Sels, and the sufficiency of the sum estimated by him, together with such other matters
incidental to the work as might, in our opinion, be useful," we have the honour to inform you
that we have made the necessary investigations in the field, and now beg leave to report as
follows :—
Datct required.
In order to thoroughly understand and investigate the works proposed by Mr. Sels the
following plans and designs are necessary :
1st. Plans and profiles of the centre lines of proposed levees, shewing the underlying strata,
as ascertained from accurate borings.
2nd. A plan and profile of Vedder Creek, shewing in detail the vicinity of the proposed
diversion, the profile and alignment of the dam site, the velocity of current, volume of discharge,
and other similar information.
3rd. A detailed plan of the structure proposed for effecting the diversion of Vedder Creek
into the Luck-a-kuck River.
4th. A plan and profile of the Luck-a-kuck River with close cross sections in the vicinity
of Vedder Creek.
5th. A plan and profile of the proposed pipe line.
6th. A plan of Sumas River, Sumas Lake, and Nootsack Creek, shewing elevations of
banks above low water, and the area of watershed as obtained from actual levels.
7th.  Plan and cross sections of Sumas River at site of proposed guard lock.
Sth.  A detailed plan of proposed guard lock.
9th. A detailed plan of the pump-house, shewing number of pumps and turbines, and
their locations, together with outlets.
Of the above data, plans, and profiles of the centre lines of the proposed levees, supplemented by Mr. Sels' brief specification, and the report of Mr. (now Lieutenant-Governor)
Edgar Dewdney, C. E., are alone available.
Your department furnished officially the plan and profile of the two levees fronting on
the Fraser River, together with Mr. Sels' specifications. Messrs. Williams Bros, and Dawson,
Provincial Land Surveyors, of Vancouver, who have carried out the surveys so far made,
furnished the plan and profile of the Achelitz River levee. Mr. Dewdney's report is published
in the volume of Sessional Papers of British Columbia, 1877.
With such limited information at our disposal it is not possible to compile an accurate
estimate of the cost of the proposed works, nor to express an opinion as to the practicability
of designs not yet in existence. The utmost that can be done under the circumstances is to
estimate approximately and to report generally on each of the various proposals.
The general proposals.
The published report of Mr. Dewdney outlines very closely the project now under
consideration, and affords such a clear comprehension of the genral features of the lands to be
reclaimed that it is unnecessary to enter into further description.   ■
Mr. Sels' proposals are briefly as follows :—To build a clay embankment between the east
side of Sumas Mountain and the west side of Miller's Mountain ; also between the east side 366 Public Works Report. 1892
of Miller's Mountain and the west side of Chilliwhack Mountain ; and also between the east
side of Chilliwhack Mountain and the high lands on the south, following the general course
of the Achelitz River. To divert Vedder Creek, now discharging into Sumas Lake, into the
dried up channel of the Luck-a-kuck River. To build a pipe line from Vedder Creek to Sumas
River for the purpose of furnishing pumping power. To build a guard lock and pumping-
house, near the mouth of Sumas River, for the purpose of closing the channel of that stream
against the influx of the Fraser River during floods, and finally in the near future to construct
a ship canal through Sumas Lake to the Nootsack River.
The Levees.
The general specification for the levees is briefly as follows :—The site to be thoroughly
ploughed and pulverized; a V-shaped (in reality trapezoidal), ditch filled with excellent
clay, to be excavated along the centre line, throughout the entire length; a berme of 50 feet
in width to be left with timber standing between the toe of the front slope and all borrow
pits ; the borrow pits to be divided at intervals of 500 feet by 10-foot benches uncleared; no
borrow to penetrate within one foot of an underlying stratum of sandy material; seepage in
case sandy strata occur to be prevented by means of a clay-filled ditch, excavated to a depth
of 15 feet along the toe of the front slope; all earth to be carefully selected, the best clay
being placed on the front slopes; undesirable earth to be discarded; each levee to be 3 feet
above the flood level of the Fraser River, 1882, having a top width of 8 feet, front slopes of 3
to 1, and rear slopes of 2 to 1.
In embankment construction, the rejection of surface soil mixed with vegetable matter is
imperative. Ploughing and cross-cutting the seat in a thorough manner ensures a close union
between the unexcavated surface and the excavated loose material of the embankment. Pulverizing, in the literal sense of the word, is undesirable, the ploughed ridges being thereby
disintegrated, and, as a consequence, rendered less cohesive. The usual practice is to break
the ploughed ridges by means of spades or cutting ploughs.
The central trapezoidal ditch in heavy clay soils, such as exist at Sumas, is of questionable
utility. It will, however, serve the purpose of completely severing all roots, and thereby
eliminate all possibility of seepage from such sources. The same desirable result would follow,
however, from a ditch of much smaller dimensions than those specified, viz.: 6 feet on top, 4
feet on bottom, and 6 feet deep. Such ditches have been constructed almost universally in
the Mississippi Levees, but under conditions differing widely from those in the Sumas District.
They have been of dimensions varying from 3 feet on the bottom and 3 feet deep, with side
slopes of 1 to 1 up to the size specified by Mr. Sels.
The 50-foot berme appears to be unusally and unnecessarily wide, bearing in mind the
deep clay soil of Sumas District The advantage to be derived from leaving it uncleared is
not apparent, inasmuch as a more effectual safeguard against wave-wash is provided by the
deep belt of timber which in all cases lies between the borrow-pits and the open rivers. The
disadvantage of leaving it uncleared is very evident, as, unless leads are cleared at intervals,
there will be no means of transporting the material from the borrow-pits to the embankments,
and, in gales of wind, large trees will of necessity be uprooted, causing by their fall such
serious consequences that the whole district may be inundated.
In considering the borrow-pits, the character of the soil must be clearly understood.
From borings made under the superintendence of Mr. J. A. Lumsden, of Sumas, which will be
more particularly referred to hereafter, it is safe to assume that an average depth of 6 inches
of inferior soil overlies an average depth of 2 feet 6 inches of stiff sandy clay, which in its
turn overlies sand and gravel of various degrees of compactness. As it is specially specified
that at least one foot of clay must be left intact over sandy strata, it follows that the widths
of the borrow-pits must necessarily be great and the depths shallow, involving, as a consequence, long hauls, and therefore a price above the average for each yard excavated. The
necessity for making the embankments of clay to the exclusion of all other materials, as called
for by the sketch cross-section accompanying Mr. Sels' report, is not absolute. Embankments
are usually built of the materials within reasonable reach, and examples of earth, sand, gravel,
and even peat, embankments, with clay front slopes, are common. In certain Mississippi
Levees it is even specified that sand cores shall form part of the construction. In this connection it may not be out of place to state that pure clay does not make an impervious embankment. Perfect impermeability can only be obtained when the material used is a mixture of
clay, sand, or gravel, or a mixture of all three together. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 367
There appears to be no particular reason why the levees under consideration should not
be constructed from materials taken from a borrow-pit of moderate width and depth, care
being taken to place a reasonable thickness of clay, mixed with sand and gravel, on the front
slope. Should strata of treacherous sand be discovered, these may be cut off by puddle-filled
trenches.
The standing timber on the 10-foot benches between the various borrow-pits would, to a
certain extent, break the flow of flood waters, did such flow exist. Owing to the inland position of the levees, and the deep belt of timber between them and the river currents, the flood
waters in their vicinity will, for the most part, be quiescent. After the fall of the river, the
10-foot benches will retain stagnant pools in front of the levees, which, in the case of pervious
strata beneath, will be a source of danger until evaporated. This could be remedied by offtake drains, but the cost would form no inconsiderable item in the estimate.
In regard to the proposed clay-filled ditch along the toe of the front slope, Mr. Sels'
report is indefinite. Should pure sand be found to be the surface soil in any place, or should
there be indications of a possible underground seepage, a deep puddle-filled ditch, penetrating
to an impervious stratum, or, failing that, to a considerable depth below the levee foundation, is a necessity; but to build such a ditch "where layers of sandy material underlie the
stratum of clay," would involve an almost continuous ditch throughout the length of the levee.
The dimensions specified for width of top and slopes of levees are identical with those in
use on the Mississippi, where the alluvium comprising the banks is extremely variable, being
for the most part composed of layers of sandy loam, sand, clay and silt of different degrees of
porosity, all varying from 2 to 25 feet in thickness. The relative positions of these layers
vary with the locality, sand being the surface soil at one point, while at another point not far
distant clay and silt overlying sand may be found. Sand and sandy loam is the usual top soil
of the higher grounds, and these, as a rule, have been chosen as the locations of the levees.
It is manifest, therefore, that the material from which the Mississippi levees are built and
the foundations on which they rest are of an extremely porous character.
On the other hand in the Sumas district, a thick bed of impervious sandy-clay overlies
sand and gravel. Enough of this clay can be found on the surface of the borrow-pits to make
a perfectly watertight front slope, and with reasonable precautions a perfect union can be
made between the embankment and the clay bed on which it rests. The levees generally will
not be exposed to wave action, nor will they be called upon to exclude any high freshet of the
Fraser more than once in several years.
With a clear comprehension of these facts, it would appear that the form of cross section
of embankment found necessary for the Mississippi levees, is not suited to the Sumas levees.
Hence, the dimensions specified by Mr. Sels may be materially reduced without affecting the
security or durability of the works. It it also evident that a uniform top width in the case
of levees of different heights is not necessary for stability ; therefore, the top widths of the
Sumas levees may be made proportional to their heights.
For the same reason, the location of the borrow-pits at a considerable distance from the
outside slope of the levees, is not advisable in the Sumas district.
In the Essex Marches and Lincolnshire Fens, where sea dykes, built of all kinds of
materia], have stood in safety for many years, the borrow-pits are invariably on the land side,
at a distance of from twenty-five to thirty-five feet from the toe of the slope. They are continuous and form a part of the internal drainage system, as well as a protection against
cattle.
Levee No. 1.
This levee begins at Sumas Mountain, about half a mile from the mouth of Sumas
River, and extends north-easterly over a timbered flat in a continuous straight line to Miller's
Mountain, a total distance of 7,100 feet.
The area of the foreshore lying between the levee and the Fraser River is 340 acres. In
the absence of information as to the character of its soil, the reason for the loss of so much
valuable land is not quite plain. The saving effected in length and consequent cost of construction could not compensate the owners for the loss of 340 acres, the probable value of
which, when reclaimed, will be one hundred dollars per acre. Further exploration will in all
probability develope the fact that with a slightly increased length of levee, a large part of this
acreage may be included in the territory reclaimed, 368
Public Works Report.
1892
The average height of the levee above the general level of the flat over which it will pass
is 17 feet, average width of base 93 feet, average width of borrow-pits 403 feet, average width
from toe to inner slope to outside face of borrow-pits, 546 feet, and the average haul of
materials 300 feet.
The nature of the soil along the centre line of the levee may be readily understood from
the following borings made at intervals of 600 feet, under the supervision of Mr. J. A. Lumsden of Sumas, beginning at Sumas River and ending 600 feet from Miller's Mountain:—
Strata.
No. of
Total
Boring.
depth of boring.
Clay surface soil.
Sandy Clay.
Remarks.
1
Followed by blue clay.
,,              gravel .. .
12   feet,.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
2
2
2
1
1
Ol
4
9
1\ feet deep.
H       „
4
6
5
4i       „
44
4
6
8
6
54
2i
4
9
>
t
J
9
10
Borings taken on a trial line about 300 feet to the north of the  present  location, beginning at Furnas River and terminating at Miller's Mountain, gave the following results :—
bb
1st Stratum
2nd Stratum.
3rd Stratum.
4th Stratum
5th Stratum
o
rS
o
pq
o    .
Cd  r-H
'-.rS
TS  >,
a s
02 °
r.   TI
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a a
rC        rf
COCO
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r-   ■O
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rN       .
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a c«
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EH
1
5 feet
5   „
3   ,,
2 feet
1 „
2 „
3 feet
2   „
6 feet
10 „
2 feet
3 ,,
2 feet
18  feet.
2
20    „
3
4 feet
10 „
5 ,,
6 ,,
10 „
6 feet
2   „
13    „
4
4 feet
3   „
2   ,,
16    ,,
5
1 feet
4 feet
2 feet
15    „
6
2 feet
10    ,,
7
12    „
8
5   „
4 feet
7 feet
7   „
16    ,,
9
4 feet
12 „
12    „
10
2 feet
16    „
The latter borings gave much more satisfactory results than those on the located line, and
indicate that a change of alignment at least 300 feet to the north is advisable.
About 300 feet west of Miller's Mountain the surface soil is clean sharp sand, being
apparently the bed of a dried up channel. Considerable care must be exercised at this point
to prevent seepage.
All large trees in the vicinity of the levee, the fall of which by decay or wind storms
would result in injury, should be removed.
Levee No. 2.
This levee begins at Miller's Mountain, and extends westerly over a timbered flat to
Chilliwhack Mountain, a total distance of 6,100 feet. It follows the general curve of the
Fraser River, leaving a foreshore of from 200 to 700 feet wide, 56 Vict.
Public Works Report.
369
The average height of the levee above the general level of the surrounding flat is 12 feet,
the average width of base 68 feet, the average width of borrow-pits 220 feet, the average
width from toe to inner slope to outside face of borrow-pits 338 feet, and the average haul of
materials 200 feet.
Borings made in August last under Mr. Lumsden's supervision, beginning at Miller's
Mountain and terminating at Chilliwhack Mountain, gave the following results:—
ti
1st Stratum.
2nd stratum.
3rd Stratum.
4th Stratum.
bo
a
'u
0
rO
o
pq
is
en
to
o    .
tS-H
u
a
co
J a
pq 5
Pottery
clay.
r. ra
Pottery
clay.
a a
r8   03
co m
13 X
BrS
co °
Pottery
clay.
OJ    0>
a >
&H   u
bo
*rr
0
A
-l->
P.
to
O
l
14 feet.
24  feet.
2
24     „
2
1
2
14     „
4 foot.
14 feet.
16 ft.
f
134 feet.
124   „
134   „
16 „
3
14 feet.
16 ,,
4
16 „
*,
4 feet.
4 „
s   „
5 „
2 feet.
8 feet.
2 feet.
8 feet.
16 „
fi
15 .,
7
2 „
3 „
7     „
64 ,-,
16 ,,
8
16 „
The above borings indicate a very satisfactory foundation and great facilities for
borrowing.
The centre line of the levee as at present located crosses Wilson Slough four times. By
deflecting the line about 150 feet to the north, these crossings can be eliminated. The levee
will then be in close proximity to the Fraser River and substantial protection will be requisite.
Levee No. 3.
This levee commences at the eastern extremity of Chilliwhack Mountain, near the Fraser
River, and extends southerly over a timbered flat in a direction parallel to the general course
of the Achelitz River, until it reaches a level above that of the flood of 1882, the total length
being 10,500 feet. The foreshore cut off varies from 100 to 2,300 feet in width, which is
rendered necessary by the tortuous character of the Achelitz River.
The average height of the levee above the surrounding flat is 8 feet, the average width of
base 48 feet, the average width of borrow-pits 114 feet, the average width from toe of inner
slope to outer face of borrow-pits 212 feet, and the average haul of material 131 feet.
Inasmuch as this levee is of small height, and its course continuously receding from the
Fraser River, it appears to be unnecessary to construct it of the same dimensions as the two
preceding levees.    Such construction will result in massiveness of no practical utility.
No actual borings have as yet been made on the line of this levee, but common report,
corroborated by surface indications, tends to show that a very thick bed of sandy clay underlies a thin stratum of surface soil.
The located line crosses one small stream, for the passage of which a sluice-box will be
necessary.
Interior Drainage.
No mention is made of interior drainage in Mr. Sels' report, nor is provision made for it
in his estimate. As this forms an absolutely necessary feature of the project under consideration, it is to be regretted that information on this head is wanting. Systems of drainage are
so widely different in character and cost, that until the plan proposed is made known, any
estimate of the probable cost would be unreliable. 370 Public Works Report 1892
Diversion of Vedder Creek.
The ultimate success of the proposed reclamation works hinges entirely on the diversion
of Vedder Creek into either of its original channels, the Chilliwhack River or the Luck-a-kuck
River. This is an undertaking of a somewhat doubtful character, and, at the best, of considerable magnitude. An opinion as to the probability of success cannot be given with any
degree of certainty owing to the complete lack of data. So far as can be ascertained from a
mere observation of the locality, it appears probable that a thorough survey with levels,
soundings and borings will demonstrate the fact that, with skilful engineering, design, and
superintendence, this diversion can be accomplished at a fairly moderate cost. A complete
understanding of the difficulties to be encountered cannot, however, be arrived at, without a
thorough knowledge of the character of the spring freshets, which in streams of this character
are usually sudden in their occurrence and disastrous to obstacles placed in their path.
The site of the diversion, as chosen by Mr. Sels, is at the head of the Luck-a-kuck
channel, near the point where the Chilliwhack River debouches from the mountains. Here,
Vedder Creek, at average low water, flows with a surface channel velocity of about 3 miles,
and a mean velocity of about 2 miles per hour. Its average width is about 110 feet, depth
12 feet, and discharge 126,600 cubic feet per minute. This discharge demonstrates beyond
question the absolute necessity of the diversion. To lift 126,600 t cubic feet of water per
minute to a height of 20 feet would require no less than 4,796 horse power.
The bed and banks of the River are of loose shingle, sand and gravel. The south bank
is about 20 feet high at a distance of about 200 feet from low water mark, and the north
bank 12 feet high about 50 feet from low water mark.
About 300 feet above the Luck-a-kuck channel, where the Government Road Bridge
crosses Vedder Creek, a rock bluff stands on each side of the river. Mr. Sels proposes
(according to Mr. J. A Lumsden of Sumas), to effect the diversion by constructing a clam
diagonally across the stream, commencing at the rock bluff on the north side, and terminating
at the head of the Luck-a-kuck channel. The length and details of the dam are unknown,
but it is not probable that a shorter length than 250 to 300 feet can be obtained.
In addition to the dam, it will be necessary to excavate a channel through the flats on
the north side into the bed of the Luck-a-kuck, and thence down the bed of the same stream
to a point, the elevation of which will be not higher than the present bed of Vedder Creek.
This being done, the waters of Vedder Creek will be partially diverted, and thus facilitate the
construction of the dam.
The influx of a large volume of water, such as Vedder Creek, into the channel of the
Luck-a-kuck, will in all probability result in injury to the banks of that stream. Precautions
must be taken to anticipate this result as much as possible, and it may eventually happen
that a large outlay will be necessary for bank protection. Suits at law may also be a costly
result.
In regard to the dam, probably the cheapest and most suitable would be a crib dam,
loaded with brush and stone, and protected by stone aprons and mattresses. The loose nature
of the bed of the stream will necessitate every precaution against seepage. Proofs of the
instability of the soil on which the dam must be built are not wanting. The ease with which
the Chilliwhack River has changed its course within quite recent years from its channel
through the Skow-kal Indian Ranch to the channels of the Luck-a-kuck, the Achelitz River,
and Vedder Creek, shew conclusively that the soil in the vicinity of the diversion is of a very
friable nature.
The Luck-a-kuck.
The Luck-a-kuck channel, commencing near the proposed dam across "Vedder Creek,
follows a northerly direction, joining the old channel of the Chilliwhack near its entrance
into Fraser River.
At its junction with Vedder Creek, the channel is dry, being from 3 to 4 feet above the low
water level of that stream. It averages 250 feet wide with banks from 10 to 15 feet high.
The bed consists of loose gravel and clean sharp sand, and is blocked up in many places by
dense jams of trees, stumps and roots.
The surface soil of bath banks is sandy clay, from 3 to 6 feet deep, overlying gravel and
sand.    Both are heavily timbered. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 371
The first indication of water in the channel occurs one mile below Vedder Creek. At
this point clear water issues from the bed oi the channel, forming at first a narrow stream,
but rapidly enlarging till at one and a half miles below Vedder Creek, it becomes a stream of
70 feet wide, 2 feet deep in mid-channel, and flowing at the rate of one and a half miles per
hour.    The main banks are about 400 feet apart and about 15 feet high.
The origin of these waters is at present unknown, but it is highly probable they result
from underground seepage from Vedder Creek.
The" extreme width of Luck-a-kuck channel, and the height of the main banks, afford
sufficient guarantee that the proposed diversion when effected will not flood the lands in the
vicinity.
The Pipe Line.
Mr. Sels proposes to tap the waters of Vedder Creek at the site of its diversion, and
convey, by means of a 30 or 36 inch steel pipe, water under pressure, which will furnish the
power required for pumping purposes at the proposed guard lock. He estimates the length of
this pipe at 5 miles, and the total head at 100 feet, but omits to state the amount of power
it will furnish or the amount required.
From the head of Vedder Creek to the guard lock at Sumas River in an air line is Qf^
miles (see Dewdney's Plan, No. 1). An air line cannot, however, be advantageously followed,
as it passes over a swamp nearly a mile wide, and crosses several streams. A less length,
having a due regard for economy of construction, than 6| miles cannot be obtained.
The available head of 100 feet does not appear to have been determined fron actual
levelling operations between the two points, but has been deduced from levels taken in another
locality by Mr. C. Tytler of Chilliwhack.    This most important factor is therefore uncertain.
The maximun power obtainable from a given pipe under given conditions is dependent on
the proper division of the total head into the following factors, viz. : Entry head, velocity
head, friction head, and power head.
In the case of the 36-inch pipe proposed, under a total head of 100 feet, these divisions
mathematically apportioned are :—
Entry head     0.0093 feet.
Velocity head     0.1796    „
Friction head 33.2704    „
Power head 66.5407    ,,
100.0000
In other words, if the pipe is throttled at its termination by means of turbines or other
machines so that the discharge due to a friction head of 33.27 feet only is allowed to escape,
there will remain within the pipe a power head for operating these machines of 66.54 feet,
which is equivalent to a pressure of 28T!^ pounds per square inch. Under these conditions and
under no other will the maximum power of the pipe be obtained.
Hence, the utmost power obtainable from a 36-inch pipe, 6J miles long, under 100 feet
head is 182 horse power. The velocity of discharge is 204T3,j feet per minute, and the volume
of water escaping through the machines is 1,444 cubic feet or 10,801 U. S. gallons per minute.
But the frictional resistance of the machines operated on cause a loss of about 10 per cent, of
the power applied. Therefore, the effective power in the case under consideration is 164
horse power.
To meet the conditions specified as to head and length, a riveted steel 36-in. pipe must
be not less than T^- inches thick, B.W.G. No. 11, and weigh about 58 pounds per lineal foot.
Under the maximum static pressure due to the total head, viz. : 43T4Tr pounds per square inch,
the factor of safety will be very nearly seven.
Sumas River and Lake.
Sumas River, the outlet of Sumas Lake, flows in a northerly direction along the base of
the eastern slope of Sumas Mountain, discharging into the Fraser River about a mile and a
half west of Miller's Landing, its total length not exceeding two miles. At the point selected
as the site of the Guard Lock it is, at ordinary low water, 170 feet wide and 22-J feet deep in
mid-channel.    The east bank is ten feet above low water and is densely timbered.    The west 372 Public Works Report. 1892
bank is the prolongation of the rocky slope of Sumas Mountain. Borings made in mid-channel
show a surface stratum of gravel three feet in thickness, while borings made on either side of
mid-channel show a surface stratum of sandy clay from four to seven feet in thickness.
The current is sluggish, probably not more than one mile per hour, showing that the fall
between the head waters of the river at Sumas Lake and the Fraser River is slight.
Sumas Lake covers an area of about 15 J square miles, measuring roughly 5J miles long
by 4 miles wide. In a printed memorandum issued by Mr. J. A. Lumsden, of Sumas, it is
thus described :—
" At low water, Sumas Lake in its deepest parts is from three feet to four feet in depth,
" while the soil of its bed is for the most part clay of the richest description, mixed in some
"localities with sand, making a very warm and early soil. The slope of the bed from the bank
" or shore is very gradual, being a continuation of the prairie which extends down to it."
The principal tributaries of Sumas Lake are the Nootsack River and Vedder Creek, the
former entering near the south-west extremity of the Lake, and the latter about midway on
the east shore.
In the absence of data showing the elevations in the vicinity of Sumas Lake, the area of
its Catchment Basin or watershed can be approximately ascertained only from the general plan
of the district. As Mr. Sels' scheme covers the entire diversion of Vedder Creek, the large
volume of water at present derived from that stream must be omitted, leaving only the rainfall between the summit levels to be accounted for. Assuming, therefore, the northern summit
level to be Miller's Mountain, the western Sumas Mountain, the eastern the main chain of
mountains, and the southern the high lands at the sources of the Nootsack River, the Catchment Basin of Sumas Lake covers a total area of 135 square miles, or 3,763,584,000 square feet.
The Guard Lock and Pumps.
Mr. Sels proposes to control the level of Sumas River by very powerful pumps and a
Guard Lock, open during the low stages of the Fraser River and closed during freshets.
This Guard Lock is specified to be 250 feet long by 50 feet wide, and to be built of
masonry or concrete on a bed-rock or pile foundation.
Taking into consideration the dimensions of the vessels plying on the Fraser River at the
present day, the size of the proposed lock appears to be out of all proportion to the requirements. The largest vessel navigating the Fraser River is the steamer " William Irving,"
belonging to the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company. The leading dimensions of this vessel
are : length, 166 feet 3 inches; breadth of beam, 34 feet 3 inches ; draft, 2 to 3 feet, according
to load. It is unlikely that the trade necessities of Sumas Lake District will call for other
than the smaller steamers plying on the river, but should it be considered advisable to provide
passage-way for the steamer " William Irving," it is evident that a Guard Lock 175 feet long
by 45 feet wide will be of ample capacity. In connection with this subject, it may be stated
that until within a very recent period the vast traffic of the St. Lawrence River and western
lakes was carried through a canal system, in which the Locks were 200 feet long, by 45 feet
wide, and 9 feet in water depth over the mitre sills. These Locks proved amply sufficient for
vessels of 50 tons, drawing 8| feet of water.
To arrive at a knowledge of the pumping capacity required to maintain Sumas River at a
low level during the high water season of the Fraser River, it is necessary to have a knowledge
of the low water volume of the streams draining into Sumas Lake. As this information has
not been obtained, recourse must be had to the approximate rainfall over the Catchment
Basin.
The high water period of the Fraser River occurs during the months of May, June and
July, and it is assumed that the gates of the Guard Lock will be closed during these months
only, and open during all others. From observations recorded by the Meteorological Observer
at New Westminster, the mean rainfall in that locality throughout the past sixteen years,
during these months, has been as follows :—
May 3.07 inches.
June 2.47     «
July 1.15      ii
The daily average, therefore, has been 0.076 inches, and for present purposes it is assumed
that this will be the future daily average for the same months in Sumas District. But of this
amount one-half only will find its way into Sumas Lake, the other half being lost by evapora- 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 373
tion or absorption by plants and by the ground. Hence, the daily amount of water entering
Sumas River, when the Guard Lock is closed, will not exceed 0.038 in. spread over the area
of the Catchment Basin. This area, as before stated, is 3,763,584,000 square feet. Therefore
the total daily volume is 11,918,000 cubic feet, or 8,300 cubic feet per minute.
The height of the Levee at the Guard Lock being 17 feet, determines the height of the
pump-lift as being not less than 20 feet.
To raise 8,300 cubic feet of water per minute to a height of 20 feet, requires 314 effective
horse power. But it has been previously shown that the maximum effective horse power
obtainable from the 36-inch pipe proposed by Mr. Sels is 164, or about one-half of the amount
required.
Hence, if Mr. Sels' 36-inch pipe is to be adopted, it is evident that the Catchment Basin
must receive daily a large volume of water for which there is no outlet except by evaporation.
This volume amounts to 3,970 cubic feet per minute.
From the New Westminster records it has been ascertained that the average duration of
rainfall during the months of May, June and July, is 40 days, leaving 52 days dry weather.
During these 52 days a constant evaporation will take place in Sumas Lake and its tributaries,
the combined area of which is 16 square miles, or 446,054,400 square feet. The amount of
this evaporation is an uncertain quantity, but it has been found to rarely exceed three-tenths
of an inch per day in the hottest months of the year in any part of the United States. A
safe allowance for Sumas District will be one-half of this amount, or three-twentieths of an
inch per day.
Three-twentieths of an inch per day, for 52 days, over an area of 446,054,400 square feet,
gives a total evaporation of 289,935,360 cubic feet,or an average daily evaporation of 3,151,472
cubic feet throughout the 92 days on which the gates are closed. This is at the rate of 2,188
cubic feet per minute. But it has been shown that the average volume received by the
Catchment Basin per minute is 3,970 cubic feet. Hence, it is evident that the Catchment
Basin will receive and retain 1,782, or in round numbers 2,000 cubic feet per minute. This
volume would raise the level of the Lake 7 inches only in the three months the Gates are
assumed to be closed.
If, therefore, Sumas Lake is reserved as a Catchment Basin, and Vedder Creek successfully
diverted, the above calculations prove that the power supplied by the proposed 36-inch steel
pipe is sufficient to maintain it and its tributaries at a perfectly safe level.
However, Mr. Sels proposes at some future date to construct a ship canal through the
bed of Sumas Lake, " one side of which will be formed by Sumas Mountain, and the other by
earth thrown up by a dredger." This appears to foreshadow the conversion of Sumas Lake
into arable land. Should this work be carried out, it is clear that the storage area for surplus
rainfall will be very materially reduced.
The airline distance between the mouth of Sumas River and that of Nootsack River is
6^ miles. To cover all contingencies, let it be assumed as 10 miles, and the average width of
the Canal as 200 feet. On this basis the storage area will cover 10,560,000 square feet.
Inasmuch as the banks of the Sumas River are about 10 feet above low water level, the
probability is that the banks of the Nootsack River are of a like height. Consequently, the
extreme height to which the water level of the latter stream can be raised without detriment
to the drainage of the surrounding country, does not exceed 7 feet. The storage volume will,
therefore, be 73,920,000 cubic feet.
By a process of reasoning similar to that previously employed, it may be demonstrated
that throughout a period of 92 days the average loss by evaporation will be 52 cubic feet per
minute ; the safe increase of the storage basin, 558 cubic feet per minute ; the total amount of
water to be pumped, 7,690 cubic feet per minute ; and the pumping power required, 292 h. p.
It is plain, therefore, that in the case of " Canalizing" Sumas Lake and reclaiming the
lands included in its basin, the pumping power derived from the proposed 36-inch pipe is
totally inadequate. Without taking into account the reserved power required for unavoidable
and absolutely certain accidents, at least two 36-inch pipes will be necessary.
Pumps and Turbines.
It has been shown that the effective power of the steel main is 164 horse power, and the
volume of water raised 20 feet high is 4,330 cubic feet, or 32,388 U. S. gallons per minute,
16-inch Rotary Suction Pumps, as manufactured in San Francisco and elsewhere in the
United States, will discharge 14,000 U. S. gallons per minute. Three pumps of this class
and capacity will therefore be required. 374 Public Works Report. 1892
Mr. Sels does not state the class of turbine he purposes to employ. Probably the best
manufactured up to the present date is the Leffel Improved Double Turbine Waterwheel, in
globe case. A turbine of this class, having a 13|-inch brass wheel, will develop, under 67 feet
of head, 60 horse-power, making 851 revolutions per minute, and consuming 547 cubic feet of
water. Three such turbines will amply meet the conditions of power afforded by the steel
pipe.
The pump-house, to be in keeping with the masonry guard lock, should be built of brick
or stone, and be fitted with all necessary tools and appliances.
The Estimate.
Mr. Sels' approximate estimate of the cost of his proposals is verbatim as follows :—
Fraser River dykes, 300,000 cubic yards at    $
Achelitz lateral dykes	
Locks and pump-house, say	
Running off water out of Vedder Creek into Luck-a-kuck, and
protecting banks of latter, say   	
Pipe line from head of Vedder Creek to pump-house, 5 miles
Surveys, salaries, extras, and unforeseen expenses	
Total $275,000 00
Our estimate of the cost of the same works, executed in exact accordance with such a
specification as is implied in Mr. Sels' report, is as follows : —
Fraser River dykes (Levees Nos. 1 and 2), including purchase
of right of way, clearing, grubbing, fencing, excavation,
ploughing, harrowing, slough crossings, and seeding slopes. . $
Achelitz lateral dykes (Levee No. 1), including the same items
as in Levees Nos. 1 and 2    	
Locks and pump-house, including pumps and turbines	
Diversion of Vedder Creek into Luck-a-kuck, and protecting
banks of latter, including dam, excavation and removal of
logs	
Pipe line from head of Vedder Creek to jmmp-house, including
purchase of right of way, fencing, clearing, grubbing, excavation, re-filling, steel main, bends, air valves, blow-offs,
trestling, culverts, tramway, wharf, and distribution of
material	
666,870 27
Surveys, salaries, extras, and unforeseen expenses, 10 per cent.    66,687 03
Total estimate $733,557 30
Between these two estimates there is a difference of $458,577.30, a difference so large
that explanation is needed.
Mr. Sels' estimate for the levees covers excavation only, the price for which, 20 cents per
cubic yard, is not in keeping with the demands of his specification, nor with the conditions of
labour in B. C.     Such work as he calls for will cost from 26 to 30 cents per cubic yard.    The
actual quantities of excavation in levees Nos. 1 and 2, as calculated from the profiles, 10 pe   ]
cent, being added for shrinkage of embankments, are :—
Top soil discarded      97,682 cubic yards.
Clay in embankments      365,584 n
Solid rock in approaches  154 n
Total    463,420
Mr. Sels' quantities for these levees, therefore, fall short of the true amount by 163,420
cubic yards. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 375
For levee No. 3 (the Achelitz lateral dykes), Mr. Sels gives no quantities, but states a
lump sum totally insufficient for the work.    The actual quantities are :—
Top soil discarded      31,500 cubic yards.
Clay in embankments      91,301 m
Solid rock in approaches  21 n
In addition to excavation, it is clear that the costs of clearing, fencing, right of way, &c,
<fcc, as detailed above, must be provided for.
The  round  sum  stated for  lock  and  pump-house,   viz.:   $ is, judging  from
similar works constructed under our own personal inspection, far too small to meet the massive
character of the work indicated. A masonry guard lock was built in 1870 by the State of
Illinois, at Henry, 350 feet in length by 75 feet in width, the total cost being $350,000.00.
The American Federal Government built in the same year a masonry guard lock at Keokuk,
Iowa, 350 feet in length by 80 feet in width, the total cost being $300,000.00. Both these
locks are fair examples of good masonry construction, the former being built on pile foundations, and the latter on bed-rock. With these examples in view, and bearing in mind the
increased cost of labour and material in B. 0., it is safe to assume that the guard lock under
consideration, whether constructed of masonry or concrete, will cost not less than $200,000.00.
The cost of the pump-house, including all necessary fittings, pumps, turbines, and discharge pipes, need not exceed $19,595.00.
Mr. Sels' estimate for the diversion of Vedder Creek appears to be insufficient. The
necessary works proposed by us, in default of any proposal from Mr. Sels, will cost fully the
amount stated, and should future surveys develop difficulties at present unknown, which we
are of opinion will be the case, that amount may be largely increased.
Mr. Sels' estimate of the cost of the pipe line is entirely out of proportion to the work
called for. Rivetted steel pipes are, up to the present date, the cheapest manufactured. It
is usual to estimate the cost of these pipes at a certain rate per pound weight of steel, the
weight in the present instance being, as previously stated, 58 pounds per lineal foot.
The latest quotations received from San Francisco give the factory price of such a pipe, as
has been shown to be necessary, as being 6J cents per pound. To this must be added the cost
of duty, freight, laying, and lead, amounting to 4 cents per pound of pipe.
The cost of the pipe purchased in this market would be (not including excavation and
other necessary works and expenses), when laid and ready for service, 10J cents per pound, or
$6.09 per lineal foot. However, by purchasing the plates in England, and manufacturing the
pipe in B. C, a large saving can effected.
The 22-inch main of the Vancouver Waterworks system, the material for which was
purchased in England, was recently laid, exclusive of excavation, See., for 6J cents per pound.
The contract price for the 14-inch main of the New Westminster Waterworks system,
purchased in England and just completed, varied from 7 to 84 cents per pound of steel,
exclusive of excavation, &c.
Owing to the large diameter of the pipe under consideration, involving a larger outlay for
lead and handling, 9 cents per pound, or $5.25, nearly, per lineal foot will be a moderate
estimate of its cost, exclusive of excavation, &c. The pipe line, complete in all its necessary
details, will cost not less than $34,073.47 per mile.
Mr. Sels allows for surveys, salaries, and unforeseen expenses, a little over 3-| per cent.
In engineering practice, it is an understood formula to conclude all preliminary estimates with
an allowance of 10 per cent, to cover these items, and it is seldom that this allowance is found
to be much in excess of what actual construction demands. Certainly, in the present instance,
where survey and exploration data for the most costly portions of the work have not been
obtained, 10 per cent, is a margin that ought not to be lessened.
Concluding Remarks.
The works embraced in Mr. Sels' proposals for the reclamation of the valuable lands in
the Sumas District are characterized by massiveness, irrespective of cost and conditions, and if
future necessary surveys develop no difficulties more serious than those already known, they
will without doubt result in complete success. We have no hesitation in pronouncing all his
proposals practicable, except the diversion of Vedder Creek, reserving our opinion on that
detail until full information  has  been furnished  us.    Further,  we  are  of opinion that such 376 Public Works Report. 1928
massive levees are by no means warranted by the conditions that appertain to Sumas District;
that the masonry guard lock is unnecessarily large for the class of vessels that will use it; and
that the mode of obtaining power for pumping purposes is not the most desirable.
We hold that Mr. Sels' proposals may be changed and modified, and new features
introduced, most materially reducing the cost without impairing the strength and durability
of the works.
We would, therefore, recommend that, before further action is taken in the matter,
careful and exhaustive surveys of the whole district affected be made. With this done,
suitable designs can be prepared, and a closely approximate estimate be compiled.
We have the honour to be,
Sir,
Your obedient servants,
Keeper & Smith,
Civil Engineers.
Yale-Cariboo Main Trunk Road.
Sections 1 and 2.
Arthur Stevenson,  Superintendent.
The road from Lytton to Jackass Mountain has been cleaned out and kept passable for
waggons throughout the season.
A new bridge has been built over Cisco Creek, 96 feet long, 17 feet high; main span, 56
feet, with straining beam truss; 2 spans, 20 feet each; 2 abutments and 2 trestles,
one 17 feet high, one 14 feet; abutments filled with rocks; good substantial handrail.
Cribbing Cisco Hill 60 feet long,  3 feet high.
Lytton to Spence's Bridge.
A trail has been kept open, although it is very hard to keep even a trail open over this
portion of the old road; the C. P. R. works fill it up and destroy it.
Spence's Bridge to Savonas—53 Miles—
Has been thoroughly cleaned out, culverts repaired, ruts filled up, rocks removed, ditches
cleaned out, and all repairs that were found necessary made.
Also, the branch road from Cornwall's to Ashcroft, 3^ miles, has been  cleaned out, ruts
filled, ditches opened and kept in good order throughout the season.
The branch from Ashcroft, connecting with the Trunk Road near Cache Creek, has been
cleaned out and kept in good repair.
Also, the following bridges and culverts have been renewed and repaired :—
1 bridge, 40 feet long, renewed, 12 feet high; 1 trestle and 2 abutments ; 2 spans 20 feet
each, 4 stringers to each span; four 12 by 12 posts in trestle.
Cribbing, 40 feet long, 5 feet high.
1 culvert, 1 by 2 by 16 feet.
1      „ 2 by 3 by 16    „
1      ,i 2 by 8 by 16    „
1 bridge, 12 by 6 by 16    n
Repaired web-work between cylinders of Ashcroft Bridge, tightening up bolts, &c., &c.
The lower bridge on Bonapart at Cache Creek has been thoroughly overhauled and
repaired; length of bridge,   300 feet;   65-foot span renewed throughout;   4 new
stringers, 10 by 16 inches by 65 feet; new truss; truss timbers, 12 by 10 inches by
22 feet; styrup beams, 10 by 12 inches by 36 feet; 2 new stringers in 40-foot span;
2 new stringers in 30-foot span; 3 new stringers and general repairs on 25-foot span.
The entire bridge was re-covered anew with 3 by 12 inches by 16 feet plank ; new
hand and guard-rail throughout;  1 trestle under 50-foot span.
1 bridge on Cornwall Branch Road, 20 feet long, covered with 3 by 12 inches by  12 by
16 feet plank. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 377
Sections 3 and 4—Cache Creek to Soda Creek—157 Miles.
Thomas Barton, Superintendent.
January, February, March—Diverting snow water, removing rocks, and filling in ruts, &c.,
principally on Soda Creek and Clinton hills, and from Clinton to Cache Creek.
April—General repairs, with 9 men and 3 horses and carts, on Section 3, from Cache Creek
to 49-Mile Post, removing slides and loose rocks, gravelling and grading, building bridges
and culverts. Graded 225 yards, 18 feet wide; gravelled 900 yards, 12 feet wide, 10
inches deep. One bridge, 35 by 16 by 10 feet; stringers 10 by 16 inches, covered with
3-inch plank.    Five culverts, 20 by 3 by 2 feet.
May—General repairs to Section 3. Forest cleared 900 yards by 10 yards; graded 400 yards
by 10 inches; gravelled 1200 yards by 16 feet by 18 inches.    Four culverts,  18 by 4 by
2 feet.
June—General repairs over 14 miles on section; 700 yards forest cleared, 10 feet wide;
gravelled 1200 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches deep. Five culverts, each 18 by 3 by 2
feet.
July—General repairs, Section 3, from 69th to 111th Mile Posts. Forest cleared 5 miles, 60
feet wide; graded 900 yards, 2 feet deep; gravelled 700 yards, 12 feet wide, 12 inches
deep.    Two culverts, 18 by 3 by 3 feet.
August—General repairs, Section 4, from 100th to 150th Mile Post. Forest cleared 1^ miles,
60 feet wide; graded 75 yards, 3 feet wide; gravelled 150 yards, 16 feet by 12 inches;
One bridge, 34 by 16 by 7 feet; 1 bridge, 70 by 18 by 10 feet; 1 bridge, 30 by 16 by 12
feet; all bottom timbers hewed, covered with 3-inch sawed plank. One culvert, 18 by 4
by 3 feet, covered with 3-inch plank.
September—General repairs to the whole of Section 4, filling in ruts, removing slides and
loose rocks, and clearing brush from roadsides; filling in approaches to bridge, 120 feet
lineal by 20 feet wide, and averaging 6 feet deep; forest cleared 1 mile by 60 feet wide;
graded 75 yards by 3 feet; gravelled 550 yards by 16 feet by 12 inches deep. One
bridge, 35 by 16 by 11 feet; one bridge, 12 by 18 by 6 feet, both built on abutments ;
stringers hewed, 12 by 16 inches, covered with 3-inch plank.
October—General surface repairs to Section 3, from Bridge Creek to Clinton, 53 miles,
removing rock slides, See., and filling in ruts.    Three new culverts, 16 by 4 by 2 feet.
November (part)—Clearing off main and cross streets, Clinton, and gravelling where necessary, averaging 100 yards by 12 feet by 12 inches. Cutting out, removing and burning
log jam against the abutments of Bonaparte River Bridge. Removing loose rocks and
slides, Clinton to Cache Creek. Heavy snowfall of from 10 to 15 inches on the 18th and
19th of the month, throughout the entire length of both sections, put a stop to all work
for the season.
Sections 5 and 6—Soda Creek to Barkerville—116 Miles.
J.  H.  St.  Laurent,  Superintendent.
Work has been general throughout the whole length of these two sections, of which the
following is a brief summary:—
4«jr miles of new road was made, commencing 7 miles above Soda Creek and extending
northward, by which the steep grades on the Conroy and McLean Canyon Hills are
avoided, a good grade obtained, and the road shortened somewhat.
16,760 yards of gravelling, 6 to 8 inches deep, and from 8 to 10 feet wide.
18 new culverts put in, 3 to 4 feet wide and 18 feet long. •
461 feet bridging, 4 to 30 feet high, and from 18 to 24 feet long, some of which was very
expensive.
4,300 feet of cribbing, 2 to 7 feet high.
3 miles of forest clearing, 15 to 20 feet wide, on each side of road.
Completed the filling in of the long approach to the new Quesnelle River Bridge.
A large number of bridges repaired, timber, rock, and landslides removed, and brush cut
from roadside at different places along the whole length of the two sections. 378 Public Works Report. 1892
A substantial new bridge has just been completed over the Cottonwood River. The old
structure showing weakness was, upon examination, condemned as unsafe. The new
bridge is 144 feet in length and 16 feet wide, having approaches 75 feet in length.
The stringers rest upon a pier in the centre of the stream and abutments on either
side. All of which are constructed of well-driven piles, these being protected by
crib-work, which is filled in with rock, the whole being calculated to stand any
freshet likely to occur.
Yale District.
Road from thk end of Maria Slough Railway Bridge, and passing through the land
of Messrs Cunningham, Passingham, Beek, and Trotter, and intersecting with the
road to Agassiz station.
Joseph Beauregard, Contractor, $4.20 per chain.
Jno. Sproat, Superintendent.
But at the suggestion of the Superintendent to modify the specification, the price was
reduced to $3.70 per chain. This arrangement was made to avoid, as far as possible, any
material excess over the appropriation.
Forest clearing 33 feet wide (reduced to 22 feet), logs, trees, and brush removed 18 feet
(reduced to 15 feet), close cut 14 feet (reduced to 12 feet); hillocks and sides of
sloughs graded down, and low places filled in and raised, and a passable road for sled
or waggon constructed. Extra work performed—grading down the bank of Maria
Slough at railway bridge, cutting timber and brush, also widening out the road for a
landing.    Distance, 82 chains.
Amount of Contract, $303.40
Extra work, 5.00
Total 308.40
McDonald Road.
Joseph Beauregard, Contractor, $115.
Opening a road from the north-east corner of D. McRae's lots (Aberdeen Hotel), opposite
Agassiz station, easterly along  the  station yard fence,   and  southerly  to the  school
house.
Clearing throughout 40 feet wide ;   knolls graded down,  and holes filled, and on the
southerly portion a ditch dug 3x16 feet and  1  foot on bottom.    The material from
ditch spread on existing roadway, and rounded to form a road 16 feet wide.
Waggon Road from Popcum to Hope.
G. A. Goldsbrough, Superintendent.
Built a new bridge across Mill Creek.
Made general repairs to the road throughout.
Hope-Nicola Trail—80 miles.
G. A. Goldsbrough, Superintendent.
Cleared off loose gravel and fallen timber, repaired culverts and bridges, and maintained
in good order all the season.
Hope-Keremeos Trail—110 miles.
G. A. Goldsbrough, Superintendent.
Kept the trail clear and in fair order for traffic, made necessary l-epairs to bridges and
culverts. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 379
Hope-Skagit Trail.
Cleared off fallen timber and widened for a distance of 25 miles.
Siwash Creek Trail—5 miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Made a good new pack trail from the Fraser River to the forks of Siwash Creek.
Hope Lock-up.
Put on new weather boards and floor, and shingled the roof, renewed foundations, whitewashed the walls, and placed the building in excellent and secure order
Cost, $119.97.
Yale Court House and Gaol.
Lined and floored the cells, provided new windows, whitewashed the walls,  repaired the
gates and fences, water-pipes, etc ; wainscoted and papered one room and hall.
Cost, $78.95.
Lytton Court House and Gaol.
Papered the walls, provided new carpeting and chairs, and made other general  repairs ;
the whole placed in good order.
Cost, $133.34.
Nicola Section, Spence's Bridge to Coutlie's—40 miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
This section was thoroughly cleaned out in the spring.    All slides shovelled out and ruts
and washouts filled in, culverts repaired, and has been kept in good  order throughout
the season by the section-man in charge.
Seward's Road—3miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Has been cleaned out and all necessary repairs made.
1 bridge built 20 feet long, 10 feet high.
2 culverts  1| by 1 feet, 15 feet long.
Cribbing 50 feet long, 3 feet high.
Approaches to Lytton bridge widened 2 feet for a distance of 50 feet at one end and 80
feet at the other.
Lillooet Trail (Lytton to Foster's Bar—23 miles)
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Has been cleared and fallen trees cut out and removed ; bridges repaired, etc.. etc.,
Deadman Creek Road—7 J miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
This road has been cleared out and all necessary repairs made.
Also new bridge across Deadman Creek. Mode of construction : 2 abutments 8 feet
high filled with rock; 1 span 54 feet with truss; 3 stringers 12x15 inches, 54 feet
long; 2 suspension rods 1J inches by 10 feet; truss timbers 10x12 inches; covering
3x12 inches, 16 feet long ; handrail and guard-rail round poles barked.
Copper Creek Trail—8 miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Has been cleaned out and general repairs made.
1 piece of cribbing built 50 feet long, 3 feet high.
A new road has been constructed from T. G. Earl's to Van Winkle Bar. Work performed by T. G. Earl, under agreement, $100. 380 Public Works Report. 1892
Moved log house off entrance to street in Ashcroft, and widened road 30 feet.
Cut off gravel point 30 feet by 40 yards, 6 feet deep.
Made new bridge on Oregon Jack's Creek, 20 feet long, 6 feet high ; approach  graded at
south end of bridge 50 yards, 14 feet wide; fill made 30 feet  long,   14 feet  wide  and
5 feet deep.
Made new road 10 feet wide from top of Baines' Hill to Lehman's ranch, distance
about 3^ miles.    This road was light side-hill grading with occasional flats.
The old road from Ashcroft to the top of Baines' Hill has been cleaned out and two
points cut off.
A three-foot trail has been constructed from the crossing near Yale to the forks of Siwash
Creek, distance about five miles. This work was steep side-hill grading, heavy clearing and blasting.
Kamloops District.
Public School-house at Kamloops.
F. Crotty, Contractor, $4,770.
Furnished all plant, labour, and material; erected and completed a frame building in form
of a cross, 110 feet by 78 feet, containing four class rooms, each large enough to seat 60
pupils. The building has four gables, and is enclosed with rustic, and lathed and
plastered, wainscoted and painted throughout, and furnished with seats and desks,
stained and varnished, and placed in position.
The rooms are furnished with blackboard surface all around; and the entries of which
there are four, are fitted with cloak-hooks.    The floors are double, and sound-deafened.
The roof is surmounted by a neat belfry tower.
School-house, Salmon Arm.
Robt. Howson, Contractor, $685.
Furnished all requisites, and erected a building in accordance with plans and specifications.
Nicola, Kamloops, and Douglas Road—82 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
From Coutlie's to Kamloops, and Nicola Lake to Douglas Lake, the road has been cleaned
and repaired the entire distance ; all slides and rocks removed ; ruts filled in ; ditches
opened and rocks quarried out, and has been kept in good repair by the two section-
men in charge throughout the season Also the following extra work has been carried
out:—
Renewed 1 culvert, 4x2x14.
Repaired 1 bridge, 28 feet long; 4 new stringers; partly new abutments ; new covering
and handrail.
Repaired 1 bridge 20 feet long, 6 feet high ; renewed 4 stringers, 2 abutments, covering
and handrail.
Repaired 1 bridge 30 feet long ; 4 new stringers, covering, and handrail.
Repaired 1 bridge 25 feet long ; 4 new stringers new hand and guardrail; cribbing, 20
feet long, 6 feet high.
Renewed 1 bridge 11 feet long, 6 feet high; 2 abutments, 4 stringers, covering, handrail
and guardrail.
Repaired 1 bridge 32 feet long, 15 feet high; 4 new stringers; raised abutments and
approaches to suit; new covering, hand and guardrail.
Made 3 new culverts 6x3x14.
Renewed 1 bridge 33 feet long, 10 feet high ; 4 stringers 2 abutments, covering, hand
and guardrail; abutments filled with rock. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 381
Made a new bridge across Nicola River, at foot of Nicola Lake; length, 114 feet, height,
10 feet, on two abutments and  one trestle; 1 span, 65 feet; 1 span, 30 feet; 1 span,
19 feet; 4 stringers, each span, size, 10 by 16 inches; straining beam truss on 65-foot
span ; 4 suspension rod, TJ by 10£ feet long ; truss timbers. 10 by 12 ; needle beams, 10
by 12 ; caps, 12 by 14 ; sills, 12 by 14 ; flooring, 3. by 12 by 14 ; good substantial hand
and guardrails.
Built a bridge across Quilchena Creek ; two abutments and one span 52 feet with truss ;
2 culverts repaired.
Renewed 1 bridge 10 feet long, 4 feet high.
Renewed 1 bridge 54 feet long, 6 feet high ; 2 abutments ; 2 trestles ; 3 spans, 18 feet
each; 4 stringers on each span covered with 3 by 12 by 16 plank, with substantial
handrail.    The old bridge at this place was 122 feet long.    I have made fill at one end
20 feet, and at other end 48 feet, thus shortening the bridge 68 feet, and consequently
doing away with more than half the wood work.
Renewed 1 bridge, 10 feet long, 3 feet high; 1 culvert, 4 by 2 by 14 ; 1 bridge, 9 by 2
by 14.
Changed the Douglas Lake Road round a bad hill; length, 500 yards ; medium side hill
grading with several gulches. Renewed and repaired a number of small bridges on
this road ; bridge on upper Nicola raised 2 feet; approach raised to correspond with
bridge and gravelled.
Renewed a bridge 8 feet long, 3 feet high; made a culvert 5 feet long, 4 feet high, 14
feet long ; ditched and turnpiked 400 yards ; gravelled 300 yards, 10 feet wide, 8 inches
deep ; made thorough cut through point to change channel of Quilchena Creek in order
to protect Quilchena Creek Bridge; cut 40 yards long, 8 feet wide on top, 5 feet in
bottom, and 6 feet deep.
Removed a lot of drift wood out of old channel of Nicola, near Mr. Clapperton's ; made
ditch in order to keep river from washing away the road.
The number of bridges and culverts renewed and repaired on this section of road this
season was much greater than usual. This was caused by the traffic of a heavy
portable saw-mill through the valley. The old bridges on this road were all built with
only 3 stringers, and being old were found to be quite unsafe for the above purpose.
The new bridges and culverts built this year have all 4 stringers, and are built in the
most strong and substantial manner, all covered with 3 by 12 bv 14 feet fir plank.
Nicola Valley and Coldvvater Road. ,
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Cut and removed fallen trees and made general repairs. The bridge across the Nicola at
the entrance of this road has been thoroughly overhauled, and repaired; 1 abutment
raised, the main span, 54 feet long, re-covered with 3 by 12 by 14 fir plank; new hand
and guardrail; the covering has been removed from approaches at each end and abutments filled with rock and gravelled, thus shortening the length to be covered about 40
feet.
Made a culvert 6 by 2 by 20, covered with 3 by 12 by 14 fir plank.
Mammat Lake Road—23 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
From Nicola Valley to Tamblow's has been cleaned out; all ruts filled in; dirt and gravel
slides removed ; fallen trees cut out and removed, and all necessary repairs made.
Campbell Creek and Nicola Road—19 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
This road has been thoroughly cleaned out; all slides removed; ruts filled in, and all
necessary repairs made, 382 Public Works Report. 1892
North Thompson Road—East Side.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
The road from Kamloops to Lewis Creek, 38 miles, has been well cleaned out the entire
distance ; land and rock slides have been removed; ruts filled, and all necessary
repairs made. Also the following extra work has been carried out: The spring freshet
in Edwards Creek carried away the bridge and washed away the banks, so that it was
necessary to change the road and build the bridge on a new site. Graded new road
600 yards, 10 feet wide; made new bridge 42 feet long, 8 feet high, 14 feet wide,
covered with 3 by 12 by 14 plank; made a culvert 5 by 12 by 14 ; made a culvert
9 by 2 by 14 ; 1 bridge repaired, new handrail, etc., etc. ; made a culvert 6 by 2 by
14 ; made a culvert 4 by 1J by 14.
The new road near Lewis Creek required a considerable amount of repairs, there being a
number of very heavy land and rock slides.
North Thompson Road—West Side.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Kamloops to Brown's Ranch, distance 23 miles, has been cleaned out; ruts filled up, and
general repairs made.    The  upper  6 miles from Ven's place to Brown's is a new road,
(the right of way was cut out by the settlers); grubbed and graded the worst places;
quarried out the rocks, filled up holes, and improved the grades so that it is now a very
passible waggon road.
Renewed 1 culvert 8 by 1| by 14; covering fir plank.
Repaired one bridge, new stringers 10 by 16 by 18 feet long.
Renewed 1 culvert 6 by 3 by 14, covered with 3 by 12 fir plank.
Two bad turns have been cut off by bridging two gulches.
Made a bridge 18 feet long, 6 feet high, two abutments and four stringers, covered with
3 by 12 by 14 fir plank.    Approaches graded 150 yards.
Made  a bridge   20  feet long,   4  feet  high,   covered with   3   by   12   by   14   fir   plank.
Approaches graded 100 yards.
Kamloops and Savonas Road—30 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
This road has been cleaned out, slides removed, ruts filled, See.
Made new bridge on Cherry Creek.
n ii Three-Mile Creek.
n ii dry gulch near Pat Duffy's.
Repaired several culverts.
Tranquille Road—9 Miles.
A.  Stevenson,  Superintendent.
The road has been cleaned out and all necessary repairs made.
Grand Prairie Road (Duck's to second crossing of Salmon River)—39 Miles.
A.  Stevenson,  Superintendent.
This road has been thoroughly cleaned out, ruts filled in, fallen trees cut out and removed,
bridges and culverts repaired and kept in good order, by the section-man in charge,
the entire season.
South Thompson Road and Shuswap —35 Miles.
A. Stevenson, Superintendent.
Made general repairs throughout, filled in washouts and ruts,  removed  land  and  gravel
slides, &c.
Renewed and repaired the following bridges :—
Bridge, Duck's Creek, 32 feet long, 4 feet high, 16 feet wide; the old covering used again
on this bridge.
2 culverts, 4x2x14 feet.
1 ii       5x2x16    ii 56 Vict. Public Works Retort. 388
1 bridge, 18 feet long, 6 feet high ; 2 abutments and 4 stringers.
1 ii 15 ii 4 ii This bridge was raised 2 feet higher than old one, and
approaches raised to correspond.
2 culverts, new stringers, &c.
1 bridge, near Shuswap Station, 16 feet long.
1 culvert,        ii ii       20x2x8 feet.
1 bridge, 14 feet long, 4 feet high.
All these bridges and culverts are covered with 3-inch 12x14 feet fir plank.
Shuswap and Back Valley Road.
Frank Martin, Contractor, $130.
Arthur Stevenson, Superintendent.
The first 5|- miles of this road has been widened out in a  number  of places,   soft places
ditched and turnpiked, stumps grubbed out, <feo.    The road has been changed round
a very bad bill.
Forest cleared 700 yards, 20 feet wide.
Graded 700 yards, 8 feet wide.
Quite a number of large boulders blasted.
This was steep side-hill grading.
This road has been extended from Frank Martin's ranch to Blair's, a distance of about 2
miles ; forest cleared 2 miles, 20 feet wide ; knolls graded down and holes filled in;
side-hills graded 8 feet wide, and made into a very passable waggon road.
New Road to Station at Duck's.
Total length, about 200 yards.
Made thorough cut and fill to get from high to low bench at station.
Length of cut, 230 feet; width on top, 24 feet; width at bottom, 11 feet; depth, 9 feet.
Dirt moved about 200 feet to fill.
Put 2 trestles under bridge on road from Kamloops to Indian School; filled in behind trestles
with brush, to protect foundation of bridge from high water.
Nicola and Granite Creek Road.
A new road has been constructed from Nicola towards Granite, for a distance of 40 miles,
starting from a point near the mouth of Coldwater and running south near the line
of trail to Manning's; thence west to McCullough Bros.' ranch; thence south-west
to the Forks of the Otter Creek; thence down the west side of Otter, and connects
with trail at Miron's ranch, on south side of Pike Mountain.
Road graded where necessary from 8 to 9 feet wide; built all necessary cribbing, bridges,
and culverts; forest cleared from 20 to 30 feet wide.
The first 25 miles of this road runs through an open country, and was very easily built.
The last 15 miles was through a rough timbered country, and a considerable portion
of it very bad slide-rock ; in many places the rock had to be blasted and broken with
sledge-hammers to get a level surface, then gravel hauled to finish.
Osoyoos District.
Enderby and Spallumcheen Roads.
H. Greyell, Foreman.
Cleared away land-slide and repaired road near Deep Creek.
Enderby.
Made a new road south, in place of road taken by Shuswap & Okanagan Railway, 1 mile
long; 440 yards of forest cleared, 60 feet wide ; 1 mile turnpiked, 22 feet wide and
gravelled 9 feet wide, 6 inches deep ; 1 culvert 24 feet long, 5 feet wide,  2 feet deep. 384 Public Works Report. 1892
Repaired, graded, and gravelled main road through Enderby.
Cleared away drift timber which endangered the bridge during high water.
Repaired bridge damaged by high water, drove six piles, raised end of bridge, put in 6
loads of rock to protect embankment.
Built new bridge over wash-out, 67 feet long, 13 feet wide, 4 feet deep ; drove 9 piles ;
caps and stringers 12x12 inches, covered with 3-inch lumber, and 3-inch square handrails ; graded 300 feet between bridges.
Enderby to East Salmon River Valley.
Forest cleared ^ mile, and graded road 12 feet wide.
Enderby to Mara Lake (east side of river).
Cleared brush which had overgrown road, and made sundry repairs.
Built 1 bridge 100 feet long, 12 feet wide, 9 feet high.
nl      ii        22       ii 12 ii 5 ii        with  log  stringers   covered  with
split cedar.
Made 1 culvert 12 feet long, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Enderby-, up River.
Chas. Ashton, Foreman.
Improved 10 miles road
Forest cleared 2 miles, 30 feet wide.
Built 1 bridge 24 feet long, 14 feet wide, 4 feet high.
ii     1      n      29        n 14        ii 4        M
ii    1      ii      27 ii 14        ii 4        ii        with log stringers and split cedar
covering.
Armstrong, South.    (New).
F. Heathcote, Foreman.
Cleared 2\ miles 40 feet wide; removed roots from centre 24 feet; ditched on upper side
of road, both sides where required; graded side-hills, corduroyed over wet places, covered
with earth and gravel.
Forest cleared 3,573 yards.
Ditched
1,300    ,,
Graded
1,528    „      24 feet wide.
ii
208    „      12
ii
350    ,,      10
ii
143    „      14
Corduroyed
150    „      18
Made 1 bridge
12 feet long,18         n
3 feet high.
ii      1      ii
20        i,       12
2
ii      3culverts 18         n       18 in. wide
12 in. deep.
i,      6      ii
18         „      18
18
Armstrong to Davis'.    (New road).
I. Hutchison, Foreman.
Forest cleared 2,160 yards (heavy spruce  and  cedar),  40  feet  wide; removed stumps
and roots 25 feet wide, ditched upper side 6 feet wide on top, 3|- feet deep.
Made 1 culvert 16 feet long, 6 feet wide, 2\ feet deep.
Graded        1,250 yards.
Corduroyed    327     n     16 feet wide.
Lansdowne to Davis'.
Graded        250 yards, 16 feet wide.
Corduroyed 250      n      16 n
Gravelled     800      n        9 n        6 inches deep.
Made 2 culverts 16 feet long, 5 feet wide, 24 feet deep.
ii     1 ii      36 ii        2\      ii \\        ii 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 385
Pleasant Valley, near Thompson's.    (New).
Clearing half mile of forest, 40 feet wide.
Fire Valley Trail.
L. Christian, Foreman.
Forest cleared 15 miles,   8 feet wide.
Corduroyed    240 yards, 8        n
Made 1 bridge 156 feet long, 12 feet wide, 10 feet high.
ii    1       ,i        45        „ 12        a 8
„    1      „       75        „        12        n        10
ii     1       ii        95        ii 12        ii 10        ii        with  stringers  12  to 16 inches,
covered with split logs.
Coldstream and White Valley (near Ellison's).
Gravelled 250 yards, 10 feet wide, 6 inches deep.
Forest cleared (new branch road from near McCallie's) 2 miles, 40 feet wide.
Widened road at Shuswap hill half a mile, graded and removed rocks.
Built a bridge over Shuswap River,  near Finlaison's,   30  feet  long,   14  feet  wide,  four
stringers of fir logs, covered with split cedar, and handrails of fir poles.
Larkin.
F. Frechette, Foreman.
Ditched half a mile of road on both sides.
Corduroyed 100 yards 14 feet wide.
Made two culverts 14 feet long, 2\ feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Ditched several soft places between Larkin and Vernon on both sides, and rounded
up with gravel.
Vernon.
Mark Hyatt, Foreman.
Made a temporary bridge over a wash-out of the road near Long Lake Creek. A Queen
truss 40 feet long, 14 feet wide, 10 feet high ; made of sawn lumber and planks, with
ends bolstered up with 200 grain sacks filled with gravel, necessary on account of
swift current.
Repaired road through the town ; filled in ruts, repaired culverts, and gravelled some bad
places.
Made a ditch 50 yards long, 2 feet deep, 1 foot wide, to carry off stagnant water near
Long Lake Creek.
Built two bridges over Long Lake Creek, each 60 feet long, 18 feet wide, on pile bents ;
caps, 12 by 12 inches; stringers, 6 by 12 inches; planks, 3 by 12 inches, spiked to
stringers ; truss beams, 6 by 8 inches, with 1^-inch truss rods 8 feet long ; handrails
full length. Distance between bridges, 60 feet, filled in 5 feet deep with heavy coating
of gravel ; channel of stream cleared.
Court House and Government Offices.
Mark Hyatt, Contractor, $8,000.
Erected a brick building on stone foundations 54 feet long, 47 feet wide, with tin roof;
front and rear lower story 2 bricks thick; upper story, \\ brick; side walls, lower
story, \\ brick thick ; upper story, 1 brick thick. The building contains 1 public
office, 27 feet 10 inches long by 21 feet 4 in. width; 1 private office, 16 feet by 14 feet;
1 private office, 16 feet by \2\ feet; 1 hall, 28 feet by 8 feet; 1 court room, 45 feet by
30 feet; 1 Judge's room, 21 feet 10 inches by 16 feet 4 inches; 1 Judge's room, 21
feet 4 inches by 16 feet; 5 closets ; 2 staircases ; 27 windows ; 23 doors, 386 Public Works Report. 1892
Okanagan Mission.
Cut off Valley—Cleared away mud slides, graded 1 mile long, 18 feet wide.
Made a fort bridge across branch of Mission Creek, 70 feet long,   2 feet wide,   4 feet
high.
Made a culvert 14 feet long, 6 feet wide, 2 feet high.
Near Simpson's.
R. Hall, Foreman.
Graded 460 yards 16 feet wide.
Made a culvert 16 feet long, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
Mission Creek Dam.    (New).
Mark Hyatt, Foreman.
Constructed a dam 200 feet long, 9 feet wide, 5 feet high of barked logs,  cross-pieces
dovetailed and pinned, filled and backed with 70 cords of stone.
Forest cleared 500 feet long, 60 feet wide.
Canal cut 500 feet long, 25 feet wide, 5 feet deep.
Okanagan Road.
M. Hyatt, Foreman.
Cut through Hereron's Hill and filled 400 feet by 20 feet wide.
Made a culvert 20 feet long, 4 feet wide, 2 feet deep.
ii ii       30        ii 6        ii 2        ii
Removed rocks from road 3 miles near Long Lake.
Cleared trail from Okanagan Mission to Penticton.
Okanagan M'ission Road (near Hereron's).
W. Swallwell, Foreman.
Graded 40 yards long, 16 feet wide.
Made a bridge 16 feet long, 16 feet wide, 6 feet high.
ii        culvert 12 n 6 n 2    n    deep.
16 i, 3 „ 2
ii ii       16 ii 3 n 2 ii
Osoyoos Roads.
Clearing out rock-slide  at  Keremeos  Creek one-half mile  long,   14  feet wide ; built a
retaining wall in places.
Pairview.
D. Carmichael, Foreman.
Constructed a road from Penticton and Osoyoos Road to Camp Fairview,  2^ miles long,
10 feet wide.
Made a bridge 25 feet long, 14 feet wide, 6 feet high.
n    5culvertsl6        n 10        n 4    u   deep.
Built stone wall 700 feet long, 2 feet high.
Kettle River.    (New).
A. C. Overton, Foreman.
From Custom House, Grand Prairie, to Cascade City,
Graded 5 miles, 8 feet wide.
Cribbed 400 yards 2 to 5 feet high. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 387
North Fork Kettle River.
Improvement of road : blasted 440 yards, 6 feet wide, average 2 feet deep.
Boundary Creek.
Hugh Murray, Foreman.
Graded to Boundary Falls, 4 miles, 8 feet wide.
Made 1 culvert 14 feet long, 12 feet wide, 3 feet deep.
Built cribbing 600 feet long, 2 feet high.
Blasted 20 feet long, 3 feet wide, 1J feet deep.
Penticton to Osoyoos.
D. Carmichael, Foreman.
Near Dog Lake graded 3 miles (steep sand hills), 14 feet wide ; made  general  repairs to
road throughout.
Lillooet District.
District Boads, Trails, etc.
Thomas Barton, Superintendent.
January—Clearing out rocks at the approaches to Fraser River Bridge.
February—Diverting snow-water between the 21 mile post and Fraser River Bridge, and
on north side of Pavilion Mountain.
March—Clinton-Lillooet Road cleaned out of rocks and slides, and ruts filled in; 130 feet
cribbing, 8 feet high, all peeled timber, put in between the 4 and 5 mile posts.
Lillooet-Lytton Trail repaired to the boundary of district. Marble Canyon Road, loose
rocks and slides cleared out ; snow-water diverted on both sides of Pavilion Mountain;
bush cut out, and logs cut and peeled for crib work along line of road at Kelly's Lake.
April—Clinton-Lillooet Road.—Bridges and culverts repaired ; rocks and slides removed,
and ruts filled in ; snow-water on north side of Pavilion Mountain diverted ; brush cut
out, and timber for crib work repaired. Chadwick Road—All necessary surface repairs
made, anil road extended south | of a mile, with a width of 10 feet. General repairs
to Hat Creek Road, east end ; removing loose rocks and slides ; filling in ruts, and
building culverts ; forest cleared 4,000 yards by 10 yards ; gravelled 90 yards by 10
feet by 10  inches ; one  bridge  built,   18  by  12  by  6 feet ; six culverts, 18 by 3 by
3 feet ; cribbing 100 feet by 4 feet high.
May—Clinton-Lillooet Road and Marble Canyon Road.—General repairs. Forest cleared,
900 yards by 10 yards ; graded 200 yards by 10 inches ; gravelled 600 yards by 10
feet by 10 inches; five culverts, 16 by 4 by 2 feet; painting and bolting bridge over
Fraser River at Lillooet.
June—General repairs to the whole of Marble Canyon Road. General repairs to the
Pavilion Mountain portion of the Lillooet-Clinton Road, and also portion of the Alkali
Lake Road. General repairs in progress on trail, west side of Fraser River, and also
on trail to Bridge River Mines. Bolting faulty timbers in Fraser Biver Bridge,
and painting same one coat mineral paint; forest cleared 200 yards by 20 yards ;
gravelled 300 yards by 12 feet by 10 inches.
July—Bridge River Trail, 25 miles, by an average width of 3 feet, completed ; heavy
work throughout ; side-hill cutting, and removing a great quantity of fallen timber.
One bridge, 107 feet long by 7 feet wide by 12 feet high. Trail, west side of Fraser
River.—General repairs for a distance of 20 miles by average width of 4 feet. Lillooet-
Clinton Road, general repairs to that portion between Pavilion Mountain and Clinton.
General surface repairs, Kelly-Alkali Lake Road.—Graded 160 by 10 feet by 10 inches;
4 culverts, 16 by 3 by 2 feet;   cribbed 115 feet by  5  feet  high.     Constructing  road
towards Chilcotin, east and west sides of Fraser River. 388 Public Works Report. 1892
August—Cleaned out Loon Lake Trail, a distance of 12 miles, by removing wind-falls;
widening grade on side-hills to 3 feet. Howe Sound Trail repaired by removing windfalls ; loose rocks and slides, and repairing bridges. General repairs Alkali Lake Road,
removing slides, and widening road bed. Constructing road towards Chilcotin, west
side of Fraser River; one bridge, 10 by 12 by 7 feet; one bridge, 17 by 12 by 9 feet,
both built on abutments; stringers hewed 12 by 16 inches, covered with 3-inch sawed
plank.
September—Repairs continued on Howe Sound Trail.—Built 4 miles of sleigh road, east
of Dog Creek, 12 feet wide. Renewed covering, &c, on one bridge on Bridge River
Trail, 40 feet long by 8 feet wide by 12 feet high. Constructed half mile of road, west
side of Fraser River, 12 feet wide. Approaches to Canoe Creek Ferry completed.
Two bridges, each 17 by 12 by 6 feet; bottom timbers rounded and peeled, covered
with 3-inch plank ; two culverts, 16 by 4 by 3 feet ; cribbed, 27 by 5 feet; cribbed,
58 by 7 feet.
October—Lillooet-Clinton Road,—North side of Pavilion and along lake shore of
Kelly Lake repaired, by renewal of cribbing. Howe Sound Trail—Bridges on Seaton
Lake repaired. Marble Canyon Road cleared of loose rocks and slides. Saul-
Jamieson Road repaired throughout. Four culverts built, each 16 by 3 by 2 feet;
cribbed, 551 by 6 feet; blasting, 27 by 5 by 3 feet.
November (part)— Cleaned out rocks, &c, Marble Canyon Road; cutout sleigh road,
towards Bastions Lake, 6 miles.
Buildings.—Court House, Clinton (Addition, alterations, and repairs).
A frame building of one and a half storys, on stone foundation as a residence for the
Government Agent, has been erected according to plan and specifications. Water for
all purposes has been laid on in iron pipes, and available in case of fire under 50 feet
pressure. Old buildings have been removed, aud 130 superficial floor space added to
the Government Office, with private room, 12 by 12 feet, for the Judge's use; necessary
furniture and fixtures for Judge's private room and Government Office have been
provided. The whole of the additions, alterations, and repairs, have been done by
day labour, in a thorough and effective manner, under the direction and supervision
of the resident Government Agent.
Cariboo District.
Quesnelle, Soda Creek, Williams Lake, and Chilcotin Divisions.
J. H. St. Laurent, Superintendent.
Trails leading from Quesnelle to Hixon Creek, Omineca, on west side of Fraser River,
between Quesnelle and Soda Creek, have received attention, by removal of fallen timber,
renewal of culverts, corduroying wherever required, and other general repairs.
More or less work was done on all the following waggon roads, according to present
requirements, viz. :—Fraser River to Sunnyside Farm ; between Soda Creek and Hawks'
Ranch ; from Williams Lake to Deep Creek; Williams Lake and Alkali Lake road,
and road to Chimney Creek Ferry on east side of Fraser River; also on west side river;
the main Chilcotin road ; the new road between Hanceville and Lee & Bailiff's Ranch;
from Beaumont & Drummond's to Dexter's, on Riskie Creek.
22 miles of new sleigh road was cut out and is now fit for traffic, from Dexter's west,
shortening, improving grades, &c, being on better ground than the old road to
Hanceville.
The timber for proposed bridge across the Chilcotin River near Hanceville having been
got out and placed on the ground last winter, construction of the same will commence
as soon as the ice on the river forms of sufficient strength to enable the pile-driver to
be used with facility.
Barkerville and Lightning Creek Divisions.
One mile of the old trail from waggon road to Wilson Creek was converted into a waggon
road, to enable the Slough Creek Co. to place their machinery. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 389
The sleigh road from Barkerville to Grouse Creek was extended on to Antler Creek, and
put in condition so that waggons with loads can go as far as the Nason Claim, and
trails from that point on to Cunningham and Swift River put in state of repair.
The waggon road to Mosquito Creek has been further improved, and the trail on to
Hardscrabble and Sugar Creek put in fair order.
A break in the Bulkhead which protects the town and street of Barkerville from the
waters and debris of Williams Creek, which for a time threatened the inundation of
the lower portion of the town, was with some trouble and expense repaired and the
water diverted into its proper course.
All the following trails leading from the main road to Rushon, Feters, Nelson, Coulter,
Shepherd, Lowhee, and Canadian Creeks, were put in order, and two miles of new
trail made to the latter creek.
Keithley Creek Division.
Wm. Stephenson, Superintendent.
Built a new bridge across Moorehead Creek, on the trail between Forks of Quesnelle and
Beaver Lake.
Repaired and improved the trail up the South Fork up to Coquett Creek, a distance of
eight miles.
Repaired the trail from Snowshoe Creek to the lower end of Saw Mill Flat,  on Antler
Creek.
Also cleared out the trail from Keithley up to Harvey Creek,  built two new bridges and
did other necessary work.
Made repairs on the trails from Soda Creek to Beaver Lake,  and on up to Horsefly.
Also repaired the Alexandria and Beaver Lake trail.
Cut out timber and repaired bridges from the 150-mile House to Horsefly.
New Road from Carpenter Mountain to Forks of Quesnelle.
Robert Anderson, Foreman.
The sleigh road, which was built last year, has been widened and greatly improved; side-
hills have been well graded and ravines bridged. The road has been extended for a
distance of 4| miles from the point where the work stopped last season, and there now
remains only about half a mile to complete the road to the bridge at the Forks of
Quesnelle.
Quesnelle River Bridge.
Wm. Rockett, Superintendent.
Cost, $14,000.
The work of re-building this bridge at a point about 300 yards below the site of the old
structure, was most satisfactorily completed early last spring. The new structure is of
similar design to the old one, and is composed of one Howe Truss span of 200 feet in
length ; two Bow String Truss spans of 102 and 104 feet, respectively ; one King Truss
span of 50 feet; and 104 feet of trestle approach.
Works and Buildings, Cariboo.
The Gaol at Quesnellemouth has received a new roof, and was otherwise repaired, at an
expense of about $150.
Royal Cariboo Hospital.
In consequence of the destruction by fire, in June last, of the old building, a contract
was let by tender to Mclntyre Se Pinkerton, for the erection of a new Hospital building,
the contract price being $2,645, and consists of two wards (capable of accommodating
five patients in each), hall, kitchen, bath room, steward's room, and surgery ; is constructed of studding, 2x4 inches, covered with diagonal boarding, rabitted ; this covered
with tarred paper, over which is rustic siding; the interior being finished with tongued
and grooved timber, and painted inside and out.
A good cellar and outbuildings have also been put up. The total cost will somewhat
exceed $3,500. Although not yet completed, it has been occupied for the past month,
and the patients express great satisfaction at the comfort it affords. 390 Public Works Report. 1892
Kootenay District—(Western Division).
Slocan Trail.
In April last, the construction of a trail known as the Slocan Trail, 32 miles long, from
the Columbia and Kootenay Railway Company's crossing on the Slocan River to the
head of that stream at foot or outlet of Slocan Lake, was undertaken and continued
until completion, under the superintendence of Thomas Mulvey.
A large number of small bridges, aggregating 1,581 feet, was found to be necessary.
The bridge over Lemon River is a substantial structure, 102 feet long, on three 24-foot
diamond shaped crib piers; and the roadway, 10 feet wide, is 6 feet above high water
mark. A great deal of timber was felled for the whole distance, and culverts put
in where needed.
New Denver or Carpenter Creek Trail.
This trail is a continuation into the Slocan mines of the trail above described as the
Slocan Trail.
It starts from New Denver, ascending by the right bank of Carpenter Creek, and reaches
the Three Forks (5 miles), thence still along right bank of Carpenter to mouth of
Sandon (5 miles), reaching the centre of the Slocan mining region. Heavy grading
was done on this trail, the mountain side being steep and rocky. Timber, too, was
large and abundant. Culverts were placed where necessary, as also cribbing. Two
large stringer bridges were thrown across this stream.
Pay/ne Mountain Trail (diverging from the Carpenter Creek Trail at the Three Forks).
A trail 7 miles long (the necessary switchbacks contributing largely to its length) has
been constructed to the top of the Payne Mountain, tapping first the Payne Group,
and proceeding along the summit to the Washington and other now famous paying
Slocan properties.
Nakusp Trail.
A trail 10 feet wide, from Nakusp, on the east shore of the Upper Arrow Lake, has been
cut to the north end of Slocan Lake, over which the bulk of the supplies for the Slocan
mines was carried this summer.
This  trail  is   20   miles long.     For  the  greater  part  of the  distance heavy timber was
encountered, and also a long rock slide; further on, swampy ground, over which 3,500
feet  of cordurov has  been laid.     Several  bridges have been constructed and culverts
built.
Ainsworth Waggon Road.
On the Ainsworth Waggon Road, a bridge near the No. 1 Shaft of the United Company
was destroyed by the prevailing bush fires of the summer, and rebuilt at a cost of
$175.
Last fall, this waggon road was continued up the mountain from the No. 1 Shaft for a
distance of 1-j miles to the Skylines Co.'s Shaft, whence ore will be shipped early in the
coming spring, several hundred tons of which being now upon the dump. It is also in
contemplation by the owners to take up machinery, and erect a concentrator on their
claim this summer.
Ainsworth Wharf.
A much needed wharf at Ainsworth was begun under the auspices of the Townsite Co.,
assisted by contributions from the citizens, and completed this summer at a cost to the
Government of $1,500.
Nelson Wharf.
This substantial pile structure extends from the foot of Hall Street over the shallows 450
feet to the deep water in the Kootenay Arm, and, being completed early last spring
and free, has been of the utmost convenience to the public and the boats plying on the
Kootenay waters.
Cost, $4,004.50. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 391
Nelson Waggon Road.
The heavy rains of last spring caused several washouts. Several culverts were put in,
fallen timber removed, and general repairs made.
Nelson Streets Improvement.
During the summer, improvement has been made in Nelson by clearing, grading, draining,
etc., new streets as it became necessary, amounting in cost to $2,075.
Nelson School-house.
A  new  school-house  has   been  erected  in   Nelson,  in  which  40  children  now  receive
instruction.
Cost, $3,150.
New Denver Record Office.
During the prevalence of bush fires, it was found necessary to protect the record office in
New Denver by clearing the timber around it.
ROBSON-BOUNDARY   TRAIL.
Between Robson and the International Boundary Line, the trail has been cleaned out by
removing logs, etc., in order to facilitate the transport of mails during the winter.
Revelstoke Waggon Road.
Foreman, Wm. McKenzie.
July 3rd to September 7th—This work consists of completing the road commenced last
year, and is as follows :—
Cleared 883 yards by 30 feet wide; corduroyed 103 yards by 18 feet wide ; side cut 133
yards by 8 feet by 8 feet; turnpiked 1,655 yards by 18 feet; gravelled 1,655 yards by
12 feet by 8 inches; gravelled 329 yards by 50 feet by 8 inches.
Revelstoke  Street—Graded 374 yards by 10 feet to Steamboat Wharf.
Big Bend Trail.
Wm. McKenzie, Foreman.
April and May - -Repairing bridges and clearing out trail between Revelstoke and Downie
Creek.
Repairing Downie Creek as follows :—1 span, 54 feet; approach, 26 feet; 1 pier, 8 feet
high, filled with rock ; cover, split cedar 5 feet long, 3 inches thick, secured with heavy
guard rail. This bridge was broken down last winter by the heavy fall of snow, and
the repairs  made  this year were carried away by the extra high freshet in July last.
September—Clearing out trail between Bevelstoke and Cams Creek.
Illicillewaet Trails.
April—Constructing three bridges across the Illicillewaet River, between the tunnels and
mouth of Flat Creek ; 1st bridge: 1 span 45 feet; approach 30 feet, 6 feet wide ; 1 pier,
8 feet high, filled with rock. 2nd bridge, 2 spans 40 feet each ; approach, 11 feet, 6
feet wide; 1 pier and 1 abutment, each 8 feet high, filled with rock. 3rd bridge : 1
span, 80 feet, round timber ; approach, 30 feet, 6 feet wide, both ends of span resting
on banks of stream.
June and July—Clearing out and repairing trail between Illicillewaet and Fish Creek,
and making 300 yards of new trail to take the place of two bridges over the Illicillewaet
which were carried away by high water.
Fish Creek Trail.
July—Constructing one mile of new trail from the old crossing of Fish Creek, down Fish
Creek to a suitable point to build a bridge to replace the one carried out by high water.
Bridge, 80 feet ; span, 46 f eet; stringers, 8 by 14 ; approaches, 20 and 14 feet; east
end of span resting on top of wall of canon ; west end resting on an abutment built on
wall of cafion up to level of east end and filled with rock ; covered with split spruce 4
feet long and 3 inches thick, and secured by heavy guard-rails. 392 .       Public Works Report. 1892
Fish Creek Trail.
Foremen, Angus McKay and Thos. Downs, July 18th to October 26th.
Nineteen and one-half miles (chained) of new trail constructed from the head of the
north-east arm of Upper Arrow Lake, along Fish Creek, to a point about one-fourth
mile above McDougal Creek, where it crosses Fish Creek, and connects with the trail
constructed last year.
This work consists of cutting out the trail of an average width of 6 feet, the whole
distance through heavy timber (with a great deal of fallen timber); grading along side-
hills, a total of about five miles, of an average width of three feet, and construction of
four bridges as follows :—
1st bridge, across Fish Creek, 250 feet long; 5 spans, 90 feet, 50 feet, 30 feet, 50 feet,
and 30 feet; 4 piers, built on large rocks standing above high water, the 90-foot span
being supported by a bent near the centre.
2nd bridge, across 11-Mile Creek; 1 span, 43 feet; approaches, 20 feet and 22 feet; 2
abutments, 7 feet high, filled with rock.
3rd bridge, across McDougal Creek ; 1 span, 45 feet; approaches, about 10 feet each ; 2
abutments, 9 feet high, filled with rock.
4th bridge, across Fish Creek ; 1 span of 46 feet across a canon ; approaches, 45 and 22
feet. The east end of the span rests on the top of the wall of canon; the west end on
an abutment built on wall of canon, to bring it up level with the opposite wall, and
filled with rock.
All stringers are 10x15 centres, and 10x12 at ends, with bellied side up. Covering is
split cedar, 4 feet long by 3 inches thick, secured with heavy guard-rails; covering
made short on account of heavy fall of snow.
Gold Hill Trail.
August—Clearing out Gold Hill Trail and making three-quarter mile of new trail from
crossing of the Illicillewaet River, near Calloway's, to the mouth of Flat Creek.
Kootenay District—(Eastern Division).
East Kootenay Waggon Road.
The above road was completed during the past season, and is now open for traffic between
Golden, on the Canadian Pacific Railway, and Fort Steele, in the southern portion of
the district, a distance of about 175 miles, with branches extending from Fort Steele
to Cranbrook, 10 miles; St. Eugene's Mission, 7 miles; to Old Camp on Wild Horse
Creek, 4 miles ; to Fish Lake, 10 miles ; and to the lower steamboat landing on the
Kootenay River, 11 miles. There are also branches from the main road leading to the
following places :—To Old Camp from Linmill Creek; to lower landing on Columbia
Lake; to Lake Adela, starting from Dutch Creek Bridge; to the upper landing on
Lake Windermere; also various short connections with the lakes and Columbia River,
including a branch leading to the ferry at Carbonate Landing. The main road also
extends through the townsite of Golden and northward for over a mile and a half,
where it joins the old C. P. R. toll-road leading to Donald. It is the trunk road of
the district, and is in communication with all the principal trails leading into the
mountains south of Golden. The road will, from year to year, need widening, straight-
. ening, and other improvements to tit it for increasing traffic. The portion built has
been kept in good repair during the season, and as many of the pole-floored bridges
became defective, three-inch plank has been substituted where practicable. 56 Vict. Public Works Report. 393
The following is a detailed statement of the work executed by Foreman A. Cameron's
construction party during the past season :—
April 12th to 23rd- Locating road between Hog Ranch and Carbonate ; 25th to 30th—
clearing and repairing 12 miles of road between Golden and Saw-mill.
May—Between Saw-mill and Hog Ranch, forest cleared 1 mile 43 chains, 30 feet wide ;
graded 1 mile 53 chains, 12 feet wide; heavy side-hill grading; quantity of boulders
blasted out.
June—Forest cleared 2 miles, 30 feet wide ; heavy side-hill grading, 2 miles, 12 feet wide.
July—Forest cleared 2 miles 65 chains, 30  feet  wide ; heavy side-hill  grading,   in   part
very rocky, 2 miles 65 chains,  12 feet wide ;   corduroy 7  chains 20 links ;  built 7
bridges, aggregate length, 160 feet.
August—Forest cleared 2 miles 52 chains, 30 feet wide; side-hill grading 2 miles 52
chains ; ditching 4 chains, width, top, 3 feet, bottom 2 feet, depth 2 feet; 3 small
bridges, aggregate length 40 feet.
September—Clearing forest and brush 1 mile 38 chains ; grading 1 mile 38 chains, 12 to
20 feet wide.    This work was completed on September 17th.
The waggon road to the north of Golden has been gravelled and repaired and widened in
places to allow vehicles to pass one another. In connection with this road, a dam was
placed across an arm of the Kicking Horse River, to prevent the road from being
flooded, half the cost of the dam being borne by the settlers in the vicinity.
A short road has been built from the old steamboat landing road near Golden to the new
landing. This road had to be graded up some height, across low-lying ground, subject
to floods ; it was also gravelled. A substantial bridge was built across the high water
channel of the Kicking Horse River in connection with the road.
The waggon road from Fort Steele to Old Camp has been improved by changing the
location in places to remove the steep pitches, and by blasting out numerous large
boulders.
The branch from Six-Mile Creek to Old Camp has been graded in places and the location
improved.
On the Fish Lake Road, part of which has been utilized in establishing waggon road
communication between Fort Steele and the lower steamboat landing on the Kootenay,
two new bridges have been put in, floored with three-inch plank.
A steamboat of considerable power and capacity was placed on the Kootenay River last
summer by Messrs Jones and DuRey, of Jennings, a station on the Great Northern
Railway, to ply from that point to Fort Steele and other points. Her first trip was
delayed from various causes until the water had fallen considerably. She was, therefore, not able to reach Fort Steele, but discharged her cargo at a place known as
Fenwick's Lower Ranch. As it was evident that the steamer could only reach Fort
Steele during the high water, a road was built by the Government for a distance of
about 11 miles, to the lower landing. Sufficient funds were not available to entirely
complete the road, though communication was established. There will, however, be
some additional work needed on this road next season. The road was almost entirely
graded by plough and scraper work, the nature of the country being suitable.
Some road work was done in the district during the past season by private enterprise,
namely, an extension of the Wild Horse Road, above Old Camp, for a distance of
about three miles, to reach some placer property, and a diversion of Findlay Creek
Road to the Thunder Hill Mining Company's property. This work was not
considered of sufficient general public utility to be undertaken by the Government.
The bridge across the Kootenay River at Canal Flat was found not to be in a perfectly
safe condition after the high water of 1891. During last winter one of the piers was
surrounded by a row of piling at a distanee of about three feet outside the pier,
planked up and filled in with stone. It has been found necessary to treat the deep-
water pier in like manner.    This work is being carried out at the present time. 394 Public Works Report. 1892
Pack Trails, &c.
The amount of new trails built during the season has been small. All trails over which
there was travel of any importance have been cleared out, repaired, and in some
instances extended.
The Carbonate, South Fork, and Middle Fork trails, in the McMurdo District, were put
in thorough repair early in the season, and have been in first-rate order since, under
heavy travel.    The location has been improved in places.
The following trails were also cleared out and repaired as required : The Crow's Nest
Trail, the Moyea Trail, Tobacco Plains Trail, Toby Creek Trail, Horse Thief Creek
Trail, and Bush River Trail.
The new work consisted of a trail up Rock Creek, about two miles in length, to reach
some promising mineral claims in that locality. A trail to reach the mining locality
on Lost Creek, half the cost of which was borne by the claim owners. An extension
of the Horse Thief Creek Trail, and an extension of the Bush River Trail to reach the
smoother water at the foot of Surprise Rapids on the Columbia River.
A considerable amount of street improvement, building sidewalks, and other useful work
has been done at Donald by the prisoners from the Donald gaol.
Buildings.
Government Office and Lock-up, Golden, Richard Wilson, Contractor, $840.
The   building is now  reaching completion.    It  includes Recorder's   office,   18x16  feet;
private office, 9x9 feet ; constable's room, 9x9 feet;  guard room,  and kitchen,   25x17
feet, and four cells 8x6 feet.
Minor repairs have been carried out where required to other Government buildings in
the disirict.
Cassiar District.
Trails from Hazleton to Babine, from Hazleton to Frazer Lake, and from Tatlah Lake
to Toms Creek, have been cut out and put in good order.
The main Trail to Laketon has been repaired and improved. The Tatlah Bridge has
been raised and thoroughly repaired. Necessary repairs have been made to McDame
Creek Trail, Dease Creek Trail, Thibert Creek Trail, and Glenora Landing Trail.
The Hazleton-Bulkely River Trail was surveyed and laid out by Mr. A. L. Poudrier,
P. L. S., and has been constructed, under the supervision of that gentleman, for a
distance of 24 miles. All the streams crossed have been well bridged, except Bulkely
River ; the timber above the trail has been cleared, to a width of from 20 to 25 feet,
and a good sleigh road formed. 56 Vict.
Public Works Report.
395
TENDERS   RECEIVED   AND   CONTRACTS   AWARDED
DURING  THE   YEAR 1892.
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Victoria City District.
Hot water heating for Provincial Gaol.
$1,610 00
1,735 00
1,783 00
1,828 00
1,865 00
1,990 00
975 00
987 00
1,070 00
1,075 00
1,087 00
1,165 00
1,170 00
1,200 00
1,215 00
1,290 00
1,300 00
1,315 00
1,327 00
1.486 00
1,512 00
2,912 00
3,159 00
4.487 00
5,905 00
17,000 00
180 00
190 00
224 00
299 00
539 00
383 00
675 00
450 00
305 00
345 00
Withdrawn.
150 00
220 00
260 00
370 00
425 00
450 00
450 00
300 00
350 00
500 00
James L. Stamford.     ......
Victoria District.
Addition to Tolraie School House	
McLennan & McFeely	
W. G. Ritchie	
Albert C. Theobald	
Awarded.
Henry E. Monday	
W. F. Fullerton	
A. .). Smith	
David H. Anderson	
W. Rockett	
Wm. C. Fox	
R. H. Dowsett	
Cowichan District.
Trail  rom Cowiehan Lake to Alberni..
Awarded.
Extension of Silver Mine Road	
W. H. Snider	
A. T. F. Turner	
A. Rogers	
G. W. McKeon & Cameron
S. W. Handy, Jr	
R. Colvin	
Awarded.
J. McLay	
W. S. Smith	
Four bridges on Shawnigan Lake  West
Shore Road	
C. E. McKeon	
Bridge and fill, Glenora Road	
Bridge over outlet of Quamichan Lake,
Victoria-Nanaimo Trunk Road....
J. McLay	
R. T. Smith	
R. T.Smith	
Awarded.
Completion of deviation of North Shore
W. H. Shjegurd	
Completion of deviation of North Shore
H. C. Sutherland	
J. C. Tait	 396
Public Works Report.
1928
Nature of Work.
Nanaimo District.
Addition to Northfield School-house. . .
Harewood School-houseand clearing site
North Nanaimo School-house
Islands District.
Galiano Island Public School	
Comox District.
Addition to Union School	
New Westminster District
Vedder Creek Bridge	
East Langley School-house .
Completion  of   upper  story of    Court
House, New Westminster City....
South Sumas School-house
Silverdale School-house
Name of Tenderer.
D. & A. McDonald 	
Stuart & Thomas	
C. Olmstead 	
M. G. Clark 	
Hicks & McKinnon	
C. Olmstead	
M. G. Clark 	
D. & A. McDonald 	
J. A. Caulson	
Chas. G. Stevens 	
Hicks & McKinnon	
Richard Kenyon	
James Corrigan	
Wm. Pedgen	
Chas. G. Stevens	
Hicks & McKinnon	
M. G. Clark   	
F. H. Strain	
C. Olmstead  	
R. J. Walker	
J. H. Bittancourt	
Stuart & Thomas	
Wm. Cain 	
Henry McGregor	
A. McCorvie	
D. J. McLachlan	
R. Balfour	
W. J. Foster & C. Gardener
John McDonald	
WT. Murray & J. Matheson..
James Skea	
Henry West	
Daniel Callaghan	
Malcolm McDonald	
J. A. Shearer	
Otway Wilkie	
Archibald Bros	
0. B. Ackerman	
G. Turnbull & Working....
Hill & Biggins 	
Stephen G. Tidy	
W. Turnbull	
J. W. Murchison & Peters..
D. Henderson	
Purdy & Williams	
Maxwell Stevenson	
Thos. Edwards	
W. J. Footer	
C. L. Street & Co	
Francis Lickman	
S A. Tancher & A. W. Boyd
W. J. Jameson	
J. B. Cade	
Amount.
$1,580 00
1,785 00
1,982 00
2,150 00
2,399 00
1,361 00
1,375 00
1,450 00
1,482 00
1,500 00
1,549 00
2,700 00
90 00
100 00
1,240 00
1.249 00
1.250 00
1.280 00
1.281 00
1,342 00
1,345 00
1,460 00
800 00
820 00
Awarded
2,345 00
Awarded
2,466 00
2,700 00
3,100 00
2,956 00
4,248 00
595 00
Awarded
667 00
670 00
748 00
775 00
841 00
2,150 00
Awarded
2,225 00
2,560 00
2,699 00
2,575 00
2,700 00
2,760 00
2,670 00
2,500 00
585 00
Awarded.
625 00
675 00
700 00
709 00
660 00
Awarded
778 00
949 00
Award.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded. 56 Vict.                                  Public Works Report
397
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
New Westminster District.—
Continued.
Fairfield School-house	
$645 00
645 00
650 00
785 00
800 00
590 00
675 00
850 00
595 00
633 00
635 00
747 00
795 00
570 00
625 00
600 00
645 00
648 00
650 00
665 00
790 00
795 00
840 00
998 00
1,200 00
1,488 00
1,950 00
2,063 00
2,200 00
2,976 00
3,570 00
$0.44 per cubic yard.
0.47
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
Awarded.
P. McGrath	
W. J. Footer	
G. S. Thornton	
David Mackey    	
George Walker	
George Kemp	
Harrie Coughlan 	
Beaver School-house	
Malcolm McDonald	
Duncan Shortreed	
Maxwell Stevenson	
0. L. Street & Co.
W. S. Wilson	
Thomas Edwards	
Squamish River Bridge  	
North Arm Road	
A. A. Cruikshanks  	
McCorvie & Bonson	
D. L. Smith & W. Peatt....
Gravel for Vancouver-New Westminster
John Thompson	
J. Rogers & J. Addison ....
•
South Aldergrove Road	
B. Marshall	
0.65
0.70
0.70
0.85
0.90
1.20
1                       11
J                       if
1                       ))
J. Calhoun, Jr., & C. C. Dunn
G. Oliver	
150 00
324 00
350 00
371 00
389 00
395 00
474 00
497 00
475 00
1,200 00
1,277 00
1,279 00
1,425 00
1.584 00
Lillooet Bridge	
C. H. Goodwin	
J.J. Kerr	
J. A. Calbricke	
P. McNicol	
McCorvie & Bonson	
D. J. McLachlan	
W. McDonald k Cameron ..
W. Murray	 398
Public Works Report.
189;
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
New Westminster District.—
Concluded.
Per chain.
Cord'y.  Ditch.    Outlet.
$8 25     $2 50     $2 00
Wm. Stark 	
8 50       2 75       2 20
R. Cummings	
8 75        ....        1 50
T. Biggar 	
6 60       1 40       1 50
R. T. Biggar	
6 60       1 40       1 25
6 60       1 98
7 90       3 00
G. S. Willband	
$1,100 00
1,190 00
J. T. Willband	
Campbell & McKay	
Grading, 24c. per yard ;
culvert, $80.00.
Wm. Elliott 	
Grading, 20c. per yard ;
culvert, $67.00.
Awarded.
T. Bigger	
$723 00
1 Section.
N. Nealson	
178 00
1      >,
G. Lawrence, No. 1	
178 00
2      „
Do.            ,,   2	
167 00
Do.           ,,3	
214 00
Do.            „   4	
153 75
N. Nelson, Stake 8-11	
189 00
1,750 00
J. E. Murchison	
974 00
C. W. McCullum	
974 00
P. Jackman. No. 1	
270 00
Do.           ,,   2	
340 00
Do.           ,,   3	
370 00
Do.           „   4	
400 00
F. McTnnes, Stake 1-5	
232 00
Do.            ,,    5-8	
324 00
Do.            ,,   8-11	
363 00
Do.            ,,11-15	
466 00
W. Murray	
1,788 00
J. P. Swanson, No. 1   	
375 00
Do.              „   2	
300 00
Do.              ,,3  	
275 00
Do.             „   4	
195 00
J. W. McCallum, „   1	
290 00
Do.             „   2	
270 00
Do.             ,,   3	
280 00
Do.              „   4	
300 00
Gravelling Yale Road	
$0.88 per yard.*
0.97
John Latimer	
A. McKay	
0.97
0.98
1.00       ,,
1.40
$182 00
189 00
McCorvie & Bonson	
197 00
Gilley & McLean	
198 00
225 00
230 00
A. J. Grimmer & Co	
262 00
Osoyoos District.
Mark Hyatt	
8,000 00
8,500 00
8,660 00
8,994 65
Crowell & Holland	 56 Vict.                                    Public Works Report.
399
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
1
Amount.
Award.
Kamloops District.
Salmon Arm School-house	
Salmon Arm School-house	
Kamloops School-build ing	
Lillooet District.
Waggon Road at Lillooet Bridge	
West Kootenay District.
School-house, Nelson	
East Kootenay District.
795 00
900 00
1,045 00
1,064 00
1,085 00
685 00
700 00
4,770 00
5,550 00
5,848 00
2,100 00
3,300 00
3,800 00
2,785 00
2,986 00
3,384 00
3,400 00
3,530 00
3,550 00
3,554 00
3,575 00
840 00
1,025 00
128 00
156 00
250 00
138 00
198 00
260 00
300 00
261 00
417 00
97 00
190 00
210 00
280 00
500 00
349 00
254 00
355 00
320 00
Per mile.
$ 89 50
125 00
150 00
95 00
115 00
Not awarded
D. H. Campbell	
F. A Noble	
R. Howson	
D. H. Campbell	
Frank Crothy	
D. H. Campbell	
John D. Ross..   	
Harvey & Lowther	
Awarded.
Awarded.
Not awarded
F. J. Mesher	
E. Dunamel & H. Laurin ...
D. McLachlan	
James McDonald & Co	
G. H. Keefer	
Richard Stuckey 	
•J. Burnet & A. Sutherland. .
D. McArthur & A. McLeod.
R. F. Wilson	
Awarded.
Comox District.
Ditching and Turn piking Cross Road..
New Road near Mrs. H. Grieves' Fai m.
John Heatherington	
Awarded.
Jos. T. Grieve & W. T. Grieve
Henry Piercy	
Frank Cunliffe	
Awarded.
E.  Phillips	
John Heatherington	
Levi McCutchen	
Baynes Sound Road, Section A	
Awarded.
Frank Cunliffe 	
Awarded.
Frank Viles	
Wm. Cessford	
John Cowie	
J. A. Pritchard	
James Derbyshire	
T. H. Piercy	
Awarded. 403
Public Works Report.
P892
Nature of Work.
Name of Tenderer.
Amount.
Award.
Comox District. —Concluded..
Bayius Sjund Road, Section B	
Per mile.
$ 70 00
100 00
85 00
140 00
80 00
135 00
84 00
80 00
69 00
125 00
135 00
80 00
98 00
140 00
125 00
100 00
95 00
85 00
Awarded.
Do.        do.           Section C	
J. A. Pi'itchard	
J. A. Pritchard	
Awarded.
Christopher Kelly	
Awarded.
James Graham & Co	
J. A. Pritchard	
Do.        do.          Section E	
J. G. McDonald	
T. H. Piercy	
J. A. Pritchard	
Awarded.
Alex. Urquhurt    ...
Jas. Derbyshire	 56 Vict.
Public Works Report.
401
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PhO     OEh<J<1     iJ 402 Public Works Report. 1892
TIMBER INSPECTOR'S REPORT.
31st December, 1892.
Sir,—I have the honour to submit the accompanying statement, which shows
that the total quantity of timber cut during  1892, which is subject to royalty, is
64,186,820 feet, and the royalty thereon is $32,093 41
Rent from timber leases during 1892     31,673 63
And 34 special timber licenses at $50        1,700 00
And 90 general timber licenses at $10     900 00
 2,600 00
The total revenue from timber sources is then $66,367  04
There have been issued 24 timber leases, covering 112,694 acres, the rental being. . . $11,269  40
Respectfully submitted,
R. J. Skinner,
Timber Inspector.
To the Honourable
The Chief Commissioner of Lands and  Works. 56 Vict.
Public Works Report.
403
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1st April,             1891
1st April,            1891
25th January,     1892
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1,360
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1,560
4,800
10,150
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4,184
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22nd August,      1890
22nd August,       1890
1st April,             1891
Sth February,     1891
1st April,             1891
1st April,             1891
25th May,            1892
loth March,         1888
18th March,        1890
22nd August,      1890
5th February,     1891
25th January,     1892
5th February,     1891
3rd February,     1890
13th August,           89
24th March,        1890
25th January,     1892
23rd June,          1890
22nd August,      1890
5th February,     1891
1st April,             1891
25th January,     1892
18th March,        1890
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